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Full text of "Epitaphs and inscriptions from burial grounds and old buildings in the North East of Scotland; with historical, biographical, genealogical, and antiquarian notes, also an appendix of illustrative papers, with a Memoir of the author"






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:HE T3LQUH0M AISLE, TARVES. 



Page 350. 



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BURIAL GROUNDS & OLD BUILDINGS 

IN 

The North Eaft of Scotland, 

WITH 

Htjiorical, Biographical, Genealogical, mid Antiquarian Notes, 

ALSO, 

AN APPENDIX OF ILLUSTRATIVE PAPERS. 



BY THE LATE 

ANDREW JERVISE, F.S.A. Scot., 

AUTHOR ilF -MEMORIALS OF ANOUS AND THE MEARNS,' ETC. 



VOL. I I. 



aaiiti) a larmoir of t1)c autf)or. 



EDINBURGH: DAVID DOUGLAS. 

1879. 

\A// Ris^/its ReserTc,/.] 



'4' 



' Study their monuments, their gravestones, their epitaphs, on the spots 
where they lie : study, if possible, the scenes of the events, their aspect, their 
architecture, their geography ; the tradition which has survived the history ; 
the legend which has survived the tradition ; the mountain, the stream, the 
shapeless stone, which has survived even history and tradition and legend.'— 
Dean Stanley. 






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[ 400 copies prinlcd. No. . 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Editor's Preface, 
Memoir of the Author, 
Epitaphs and Inscriptions 

Aberlour (Banffshire), 
Advie (Morayshire), . 
Arbuthnott (Mearns), 
Auchindoir (Aberdeenshire), 
Auchterhouse (Angus), . 

Banchory-Devenick (Mearns), 
Barry (Angus), . 
Birse (Aberdeenshire), 
BOTRIPHNIE (Banffshire), 
Bourtie (Aberdeenshire), 

Cairney (Aberdeenshire), 
Carbuddo (Angus), . 
Christ's Kirk (Aberdeenshire), 
Clatt „ 

Clova (Angus), . 
Cluny (Aberdeenshire), 

CONVETH. See INVERKEITHNY. 
CORTACHY (Angus), 
COULL (Aberdeenshire), 
Craig (Angus), . 
Cromdale (Inverness-shire), 
CULLEN (Banffshire), . 
CULSALMOND (Aberdeenshire), 

Dallas (Morayshire), 
Daviot (Aberdeenshire), 
Deskford (Banffshire), 
DiPPLE (Morayshire), . 
Dru.mdelgie. See Cairney. 
Drumoak (Aberdeenshire), 



vii-viii 


Dunbennan. See Huntly. 




ix-lxx 


DUNNICHEN (Angus), 


404-8 


1-417 


Dyke (Morayshire), . 


• 49-54 


. 76-80 


EssiL (Morayshire), 


. 261-5 


22-3 
. 199-208 


Fordyce (Banffshire), 


100-7, 422-3 


. 208-14 


Forgue (Aberdeenshire), . 


170-83, 424-5 


1-5 


FowLis Easter (Perthshire), 


. 68-72 


• 277-85 


Garvock (Mearns), . 


. 318-22 


326-33, 426-7 


Glenbervie „ 


• 344-9 


43-9 


Glengairn (Aberdeenshire), 


. 165-70 


10-13 


Glenisla (Angus), 


. 251-8 


72-6 


Glenmuick (Aberdeenshire), 


161-5 




Guthrie (Angus), 


• 144-51 


30-2 
151-3 


Huntly (Aberdeenshire), . 


. 376-86 


8-10 


Inverarity (Angus), 


. 298-304 


. 86-90 
. / . 117-8 


Inverkeithny (Banffshire), 


• 271-7 


■ i27-35v423 


Kearn (Aberdeenshire), 


214-9 




Kettins (Angus), 


90-100, 419-22 


. 110-17 


KiNERNY (Aberdeenshire), 


85-6 


415-7 


Kinnell (Angus), 


35-42, 419 


. 386-96 


Kinnethmont (Aberdeenshire), 


5-8 


20-2 


KiNNoiR. See Huntly. 




. 187-99 


Kirkbuddo. See Carbuddo. 




. . 322-6 


Kirriemuir (Angus), . 


• 357-65 


125-7 


Leslie (Aberdeenshire), 


• 333-5 


. 408-15 


Lundie (Angus), 


63-8 


■ 153-5 






. 258-61 


Maryculter (Mearns), 


. 118-25 




Meigle (Angus), . 


. 2S7-98, 425-6 


• 365-71 


Menmuir „ . . . 


• 335-42, 427 



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EDITOR'S PREFACE. 



'T^HE nature and object of this work have been so fully described in the 
-^ Author's Preface to the First Volume, that nothing remains to be added 
to what is there said. 

Of the present Volume nearly one half has had the inestimable advantage 
of final revision and correction by the Author himself, haxing been printed 
before his lamented death ; the remainder has been carefully edited from his 
papers, which were left in a state so nearly approaching completion that their 
preparation for the press needed little be}-ond merely verbal alterations. 

No pains have been spared to secure accuracy ; and, while it would be idle 
in the case of such a work as the present to imagine that this end has been 
fully attained, the Editor trusts that the errors which have escaped detection will 
not be found to be either numerous or important. 

The Frontispiece, a representation of the Tolquhon Aisle, Tarves, was decided 
upon by Mr. Jervise himself, both as to subject and general style of execution. 
Concerning the lithographic plate, representing fresco from the Old Church at 
Turriff, inserted at page 2ig, a word of explanation is required. The plate 
was originally executed for the late Dr. John Stuart by Mr. Andrew Gibb, 
F.S.A., Scot., who had made a careful drawing of the fresco on the spot soon 
after its discovery. It was used by Dr. Stuart, both in illustrating a paper 
read by him to the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, in 1866, and thereafter 
in the Book of Deer (1869). The fresco represented is believed to have been 
one of a series with which the old church of St. Congan (built prior to 1541) 
had been decorated. It had been Mr. Jervise's wish at an early period to ob- 



EDITOR'S PREFACE. 



tain the plate from Dr. Stuart to illustrate his paper on Turriff ; and though no 
arrangement to that effect had been made at the time of his death, Mr. Gibb, 
who has now the exclusive proprietary right in the plate, very readily consented 
to its being used for that purpose. The sketch of the burial-place and tombstone 
of Andrew Jervise's mother and himself, which forms the tailpiece to the Memoir, 
was also outlined and drawn on wood by Mr. Gibb, and very accurately engraved 
by Mr. J. Adam, Edinburgh. 

The Memoir of the Author, prefixed to the text of this Volume, has been 

prepared by Mr. William Alexander, of the Aberdeen Free Press, and Rev. J. G. 

Michie, Dinnet, who have executed a task of no ordinary difficulty in a manner 

that leaves nothing to be desired. 

JAMES ANDERSON. 

Bridgefield Cottage, 

Old Aberdeen, \st June, 1879. 



• ,^'r A^'^ ^^^^%^^r_ ^^f^%^\r. .^Ir^W^^tr :^^r^}^^\r_ ^\r0J^^\r ^^fr^^^^Mr ^\r^%^^r_ . 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



A NURKW JERVISE was born at Brechin, on 28th July, 1820. In the Bap- 
-i^^ tismal Register of the parish, his father is designed as "Andrew Jarvis, late 
servant at Noranside, now in Dumbartonshire ;" and his mother as " Jean Chalmers, 
in Brechin," the date of baptism being 6th November, 1820. Of Andrew Jar\is 
we have only to record that he had followed the occupation of a coachman in pri\'ate 
service ; and that the definition " now in Dumbartonshire " might, it is believed, 
be more exactly read, now in Dumbarton Castle, in the King's service, as a 
private soldier. Jean Chalmers, whose future historj- was to be so intimately 
associated with that of her son, was the eighth and youngest child of Charles 
Chalmers, nurseryman and gardener at Brechin, by his second wife, Janet Robertson. 
Charles Chalmers was a native of New Grange, St. Vigeans, and Janet Robertson 
was born at West Mains of Rossy, parish of Craig, both in Forfarshire. Their 
family consisted of five sons and three daughters ; and Jean was born on 27th 
September, 1794. At the birth of her son she was thus in her twent\--sixth year. 
By that time, Charles Chalmers, who bore the character of a highly respectable 
and intelligent man, had reached the age of eight}--three. He was a second time 
a widower, his wife, Janet Robertson, having died in 1818 ; and he lived under 
the same roof with his eldest son, John, who had got married and settled in 
Brechin as a carpenter. The house the}- occupied was that which now forms 
No. 23 Airlie Street, in the upper part of the western side of the town. The 
Gardens and street were then known as Gold's Yards — that name being, it is un- 
derstood, derived from a certain " Sandy Goud," who, if we arc to believe the local 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



ballad, fii^'ured rather inglorioiisl}- in " The Raid of Fearn," sliirking the fighting- 
part, while he came promptly in and " reft the dead men o' their gear," thereby 
enabling himself to become a laird " \\i' mon\- a house an' yard." The house, as 
it stands, is a small two-storey building, of substantial, comfortable look, its com- 
parative antiquit)- being indicated by the heavy grey slates that cover the roof 

In the house of his venerable grandfather, in Gold's Yards, then, Andrew 
Jervise first sav/ the light. The son, John, appears to have had the proprietary- 
right in the house, Charles Chalmers, now retired from active work, being 
only tenant of the part he occupied ; and it is not difficult to conceive how 
to some members of the family the presence there of Jean Chalmers and her 
infant might not be altogether pleasing. And the matter was not .long in being 
put to the test. On 13th June, 1821, Charles Chalmers died. The family had 
been called together at his funeral ; and it is told how, when the male part of 
them had returned from the grave\-ard, the " gangrel " infant that was amusing 
itself by the fireside, and, all unconscious of the sombre cause of the unwonted 
gathering, endeavoured to be innocently familiar with the strangers, being rudely 
repulsed by some one in the company, burst out crying ; and how the poor 
mother, feeling all her loneliness, was speedily weeping bitterer tears than those 
of her child. One of the funeral compan\- was John Gray, millspinner, who had 
married Mar\-, the next elder sister of Jean Chalmers, and ■who then resided at 
Stonehaven. With a practical s}-mpathy that did the utmost credit to his head 
and heart, the generous brother-in-law turned to his wife and said, "Jeanniegaes 
wi' us. We hae a roof that '11 shelter her an' her bairn." Jean Chalmers and her 
infant son accordingly left Brechin for .Stonehaven, where the Grays dwelt, and 
for the next three years she lived there under their care, emploj'ing herself as she 
could at her occupation of seamstress. 

At the end of three years or thereby Jean Chalmers returned to Brechin, 
where she thereafter continued to reside, doing" her best by the aid of her needle 
and occasional laundry work to earn a subsistence for herself and her bo}-. She 
was a woman of very orderly and industrious habits, and of a decidedly quiet 
and somewhat reserved disposition. While she enjoyed the respect of her humble 
neighbours on account of her sterling worth and self-reliant disposition, she was 
not given to pouring her confidences into every ear, choosing rather to struggle 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



on silently and independently against the difficulties she had to face. And 'in 
her circumstances those difficulties could not be slight, for although the character 
she had by and by established as a careful and capable needlewoman, led to 
her being emplo}-ed by many of the better class of families in the locality, the 
rate of remuneration was but small. Onl_\- Jean Chalmers was frugal as well as 
industrious. The fare of the household was humble, and the clothing provided 
for her son and herself anything but costh-. 

From the earliest stage of his boyhood, of \\hich the local tradition speaks, 
Andrew Jer\-ise had begun to manifest various of the characteristics that dis- 
tinguished him through life. Quiet almost to the point of sedateness, and self- 
contained in an unusual degree, his thirst for knowledge had vcr}- carl}- manifested 
itself If very undem.onstrative, he was persistently inquisitive, and speedily 
developed a taste for making collections of matters interesting to himself, includ- 
ing such of the halfpenny picture books of the time as he was fortunate enough 
to get hold of When he could hardly have been yet much over four years of age, 
his mother was alarmed by his having disappeared for the greater part of a day. 
On returning, he stated that he had been "at Hebbie's schule alang wi' anither 
laddie, an' had pitten in their names." The school of which he had thus volun- 
tarily enrolled himself a pupil was situated in City Road, Brechin. The teacher, 
James Hebenton, was decidedly hump-backed, and a rather sharp little man ; one 
of the class who, being physically unfit for hard manual labour, had turned to 
teaching as the appropriate resource. It is right, however, to sa\-, that James 
Hebenton seems to have been on the whole a good teacher for his time. With 
him the bo)- remained for the next few }'ears ; fairly diligent at his tasks ; not 
exhibiting any special quickness in mastering the routine lessons ; not ver\- apt 
or exact in what would now-a-days be described as English and Dictation ; and 
all along finding figures a positive stumbling-block ; yet possessing withal an 
insatiable thirst for knowledge of an objective or romantic character, and retain- 
ing well what he had once acquired. He had but fev.- intimate associates, 
though his attachment to those he formed friendships with was strong and lasting. 
Out of school hours he loved to wander away into the country, assiduously de- 
voting the half-holida\-s to long rambles alone or with a companion. And it is 
,«;tated that ha\-ing extended one of these early rambles as far as Melgund Castle, 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



he greatly frightened a young companion by throwing stones into an old well in 
the ruins, and then, as the muffled subterranean plunge was heard, telling him to 
" hearken to the deil !" A little later on such places as the old Castles of 
Melgund, Edzcll, and Finhaven, were visited with a more ambitious aim. At- 
tempts were made to sketch the ruins from different points of view, and when 
the young explorer, with or without companionship, would call at some adjoining 
cottage to spend a copper or two on a jug of milk to "kitchen" the piece of oat 
cake that had been brought in his wallet for dinner, he would tax the know- 
ledge of the eldcrl)- inmates to its full extent b\- a multiplicit}- of questions con- 
cerning such legends as might happen to be connected with the locality. 

It was no doubt a fortunate circumstance that Jean Chalmers's own tastes 
and sympathies led her to gi\-e her son all the encouragement in her power in 
the pursuits to \\hich he had so earh- addicted himself And in all this she in 
no long time obtained a like-minded auxiliar\-. Her sister, Mrs. Gra)-, now a widow, 
also returned to Brechin about 1828, and the two sisters thenceforth lived to- 
gether in family. Aunt Mary was full of traditionary stories and legends 
connected with the locality for man\- miles round ; and she had the enviable 
facult)- of being able to narrate them with that graphic power and gravely 
minute circumstantialit}- which ser\'e to give an air of rcalit}' to even a very 
unbelievable m)-th. When time and other circumstances allowed, she would often 
take Andrew to some field of fairy adventure or ghostly appearance ; or accom- 
pany hini to one or other of the castellated ruins in which he had learnt to take 
delight. And there is no reason to doubt that to this worthy relative, for whom 
he ever after entertained a warm and sincere regard, Andrew Jervise was not a 
little indebted in respect of the early development of that taste for archaeological 
investigation which distinguished him through life. Another of his chosen 
associates about this early time is said to have been the parish grave-digger, on 
whose professional operations he was an assiduous attendant, the opening of a 
grave in the old church},-ard forming invariably a suggestive cause of genealogical 
inquiry, which the sexton was presumabh- able in his measure to satisfy. Apart 
from the instruction received at the hands of James Hebenton, Andrew Jervise's 
school training amounted to ver\- little. He may have had lessons from one or 
two others, and was latterl)', for a short period, a pupil at the Brechin Public 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



School, which, ho\vc\-er, he liad finall\- left when he was little over eleven )-cars 
of age. 

It was necessary that he should be doing his part in earning something to 
assist in supph-ing the needs of the household. And he accordingly commenced 
his career of stated industrial labour as message bo)- in the shop of Mr. Duncan, 
grocer and wine merchant in Brechin. On his own account, and to earn a few 
coppers to eke out his mother's scanty income, or purchase articles she could 
not afford to get for him, he had already tried several schemes ; notably the 
reproduction in gaud}' water colours of cheap pictures of stalwart knights in 
armour, and the like, for sale among those of his \-outhful companions who had 
the means to bu_\'. The occupation of grocer's errand bo}- was not congenial to 
his tastes ; and getting speedily tired of it, he induced his master to pave the 
way for his admission to the printing office of Messrs. Black, the wonders of the 
printing press presenting a strong attraction in that direction. He entered Messrs. 
Black's cmplo\-ment when not )-et thirteen \-cars of age, and in due course 
was put regular!)' to work as an apprentice compositor. 

In the printing office, and connected therewith, sources of interest were soon 
found in abundance. The field presented for dexterity and taste as a simple 
manipulator of t\'pes was a good deal in itself But there was much beyond 
that. Messrs. Black did a goodly business in the production of those penny 
histories, ballads, and stories regularl}' vended b_\' a class of minor chapmen, and 
which still formed the staple of the cheap literature supplied to a large section 
of the population. In addition to being printed in Brechin, some of these 
histories and ballads were of local authorship. One person in particular had 
become known in the region as a writer of songs ; and that was Alexander 
Laing, the author of " Waj'side Flowers," a man whose title to be ranked among 
the minor poets of Scotland is very genuine. While Alexander Laing now and 
again kept the printer going with " cop)- " from his own pen, he also corrected 
the press for Messrs. Black in their other chief publications. It was the business 
of the apprentice to carry the proofs to him, at his own house, as required ; and 
in this way acquaintance, developing into a fast and lasting friendship, was 
formed. .Alexander Laing speedily discovered the strong literary leanings of the 
quiet, and markedl)' unobtrusi\-e, yet inquisitive and intelligent boy who had 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



become his stated visitor. He talked familiarly with him, readily answered his 
questions, and made him cordially welcome to the use of such books as his 
small, but careful h'-selectcd library contained. And the privilege was no slight 
one in the circumstances ; for to Andrew Jervise it really meant access for the 
first time to something like a fair representation of English classic literature, 
and that in direct communion with a man whose own reading was considerable, 
and his literar\- taste good. That the friendship of Laing \\-as of distinct benefit 
to his protege on its literary side there is the best reason to believe ; that in its 
personal aspect it was very sincere, we have abundant proof 

Whctlicr the style of work in the Brechin printing-house was adapted to the 
production of first-class efficienc}- in the compositor's art ; and whether Andrew 
Jervise at this time applied himself to the handling of types, galle}-s, and formes, 
with the resolute purpose of attaining such efficiency, we cannot absolutely say. 
Certainly his diligence and assiduity could never be called in question ; but he 
was more the literar\- than the mechanical compositor, and that does not neces- 
saril}- impl\- the highest reach of skill and dexterit}- as a v,-orkman. At any rate 
b}' the time his apprenticeship was finished, and when he was only seventeen 
years of age, he had thoughts in his mind of pushing his fortune elsewhere. His 
apprentice masters would willingly enough have retained his services, at least for 
a time, it is understood. But his own inclination was strongh- in another direction. 
It was to Edinburgh he desired to go; and to Edinburgh he went in the autumn 
of 1837. On this, as on subsequent occasions, his destination had most probably 
been reached by sea from Montrose, as the cheapest route. At any rate it was 
not without some difficulty that funds could be raised to defray the necessary 
charges and meet the cost of lodgings until such time as work could be found. 
His mother could ill afford to spare even a single crown piece, and he had to 
push in one or two quarters to complete a loan, amounting in gross to consider- 
ably less than a couple of pounds. And if Jervise's hopes at starting were high, 
his first experiences of Edinburgh life were not by any means encouraging. At 
that time the habits of the letterpress printers in Edinburgh and else\\'hcre were 
not of the most commendable character. " With few exceptions compositors are 
the most ignorant class of tradesmen in the world, though they get credit for in- 
telligence," wrote one who was himself an Edinburgh compositor, an intimate 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



friend of Jervise about this period of his Hfe, and a man not unknown as a song 
writer. And while the judgment passed on his fellow-craftsmen by Alexander 
Smart ma\- haxe been a little severe, drunkenness and general dissipation were 
then but too common among members of the printer craft, and the social t\-ranny not 
unfrequently exercised by coteries of tippling workmen when, on pay nights and 
other occasions, a general adjournment to the public-house was the prevailing rule, 
constituted a formidable ordeal to well-disposed \-oung men. Soon after his 
arrival in Edinburgh we find Alexander Laing taking occasion to express his 
regret that Jervise had no better account to give of his fellow-workmen. It is 
surprising, he thinks, that men " engaged, as they often are, in giv-ing embodied 
form to the noblest sentiments of the human mind, should be so very worthless 
and dissipated."' And he adds, " You did well to resist them." From the same 
letter, however, the date of which is P'ebruary, 183S, we learn that Jervisc's 
health had already given wa\-, and that in consequence he purposed again leaving 
Edinburgh for the north. In a few- weeks thereafter, on the basis of a letter of 
introduction from Alexander Laing, he had obtained work as a compositor in 
the Courier newspaper office, Dundee. 

" If a good tradesman, and stead}-, we maj- ensure him of a permanent 
situation," were the expressed conditions of the printing manager under whom 
Andrew Jervise came in Dundee. There had manifestly been some difference of 
opinion between employer and emploj-ed as to the standard a compositor must 
have reached before he could be styled a good workman ; for after fully testing 
his new hand by putting him to a piece of work by himself, the manager fixed 
his wages at eighteen shillings a-week, being two shillings or thereby under the rate 
paid to those who were considered full}- efficient. The office tradition is that 
Jervise was a ver\- intelligent \'oung fellow, with a good deal of dr)- humour 
about him ; inclined to reading, and given to writing verses and the like, but 
that when at the compositor's " case " there was too much movement of his 
chest and arms to admit of his lifting the types swiftl}'. At all events he 
was dissatisfied with the rate at which his wages had been fixed, and in the 
course of tw^o or three months he was again in Edinburgh in search of work. 
This he obtained, first, we believe, in the office of the Nortii British Advertiser, 
where he remained for some time, and thereafter in the University printing' 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



office (Stevenson's). And if there was any ground for implied inefficiency in 

his standing as a -workman hitherto, it is evident that on his return to Edin- 
burgh he had set himself zealously to overtake what was lacking. He has not 
been long there at this time till he forwards specimens of his skill and taste to 
his friends in Brechin ; and Laing and his old master there agree in the opinion 
that " he would \-ct become eminent in his profession," and " do honour to the 
typographic art." And it is of perhaps equal importance to know that some 
elaborate t\-pc arrangements voluntarily attempted b)' him at this time had ob- 
tained the commendation of an Edinburgh master-printer. 

The picture we have of Andrew Jervise's life at this period is of this sort. 
His chief correspondent and adviser, as already indicated, was Alexander Laing, 
who kept himself in close communication with Jean Chalmers as well, and sent 
such messages as the mother desired to transmit to her son, the letters on either 
side being enclosed in the box which month by month carried Andrew's under- 
clothing to and from his home at Brechin, for laundry and seamstress purposes. 
Postage was costly, and a marked newspaper was occasionally made to serve the 
purpose of a letter till the advent of the penny post in 1840, when it was deemed 
right to fill and forward a slieet by the regular medium, if only for encourage- 
ment of the new institution, the permanent establishment of which was viewed as 
problematical. During his first year in Edinburgh he finds it desirable to have a 
suit of dress clothes, and has discovered that at a cheap sale " cloth to make a 
suit of black clothes " can be bought for seventeen shillings ! His more ex- 
jierienced friend knows " what sort of stuff that is. It can be got here," he says, 
"from hawkers every day, but is scarcely worth needle and thread;" and he under- 
takes to furnish him with a proper and reliable suit, which when forwarded he 
hopes will please "both as to quality and making;" and he will cheerfully take 
the payment of three pounds odds by instalments, as it may suit the state of his 
correspondent's finances. But the correspondence is prevailingly literary. Not un- 
frequently it relates to what at the moment is being produced at the Brechin 
press, or engages Laing's own pen ; in all which Jervise continued to take the 
keenest interest. Quite as often it takes a wider range ; the merits of the best 
accessible contemporary literature being freely and intelligently descanted upon; 
and shrewd hints given as to the merits of this or the other author. Andrew 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



Jervise had not only manifested antiquarian leanings and a taste for book 
collection — in the latter way he is now and again entrusted with the execution of 
a small commission — but he is by and by strongly fired with the desire, if he 
cannot attain to more in the poetic art, to produce a few songs at least ; and 
numerous are the hints and criticisms, kindl\- }'et honest withal, that are ofiered 
by Laing upon the pieces submitted to him. 

The first occasion on which Laing refers directly to Jervise's poetical efforts 
is in a letter dated April 24th, 1839, where he speaks of having recently seen 
in a local newspaper a song, " Mary of Glenmuick," with Jervise's initials 
appended, and which he afterwards learned was actually written by him. "You 
likewise," he says, " sent me a poem lately, but I do not remember the name 
of it — and I cannot lay my hands on it at present — which I have also since 
found out to be your composition." After telling his correspondent that he does 
not regard all this as very fair, considering the intimacy that has long sub- 
sisted between them, which leads him to think he should have been told of these 
poetical attempts, when he might have been able to assist their author, Laing play- 
fully says he expects an apology will now be made, and hopes the offender will 
send him copies of all his productions, of which he will give his honest opinion ; 
and he adds, " I like you the better that you write poetrj', only I wish you had 
told me so yourself" The next communication from Edinburgh had brought a 
"frank confession" that Jervise had "committed the sin of rhyme," pleasantly 
qualified by the compliment that he had " lit his poetical lamp " at the Brechin 
bard's own flame, an implied honour of which the latter modestly avers he can 
scarcely deem himself worthy.* His feeble Muse had hardly, he says, soared 
above the sober realities of life, and had, perhaps, done nothing that would 
outlive his own short term of existence. Yet, even so, he wished his 
)-outhful correspondent to know that he would not exchange his " slender gift 
of rhyme for anj'thing that the wealth of a banker's chest could besto\\- ;" a 
due combination, no doubt, of unaffected humility with that just pride which 

* In point of fact, Jervise had made attempts at verse when an apprentice in the Brechin 
printing office ; attempts all the more serious in character, perhaps, that their theme was a voun>T 
lady whose charms seem to ha\'e stirred his youthful affections somewhat deeply. 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



and his countenance and advice may be of the highest value to him. The longer 
I know Andrew, he rises the more in my esteem ; and I assure you he is very 
much respected in the office." The " Smith " here spoken of had doubtless been 
the late Mr. Coh'in Smith, R.S.A., who had known Jcrvise as a boy in Brechin, 
and was early aware of his artistic aspirations. 

A number of other likenesses have been sketched, including a " hazardous 
attempt," by request, at a portrait of the Earl of Strathmore, then, we believe, 
living within the precincts of Hoh'rood, and Jervise now wishes his friend Laing's 
opinion about entering himself regularly as an Art pupil. When the matter is 
put thus, however, Laing is chary of giving definite counsel. He does not profess 
to be qualified to speak on the point, but seems to think his young friend will do 
rightl}' to be guided in the whole matter by the skilled advice of Mr. Colvin Smith. 

The question ha\-ing been at length settled in favour of Art, Jervise entered 
as a pupil in the Antique Class of the School of Design in connection with 
the Board of Manufactures, on 30th November, 1842, the class being at that time 
taught by Sir William Allan, afterwards P.R.S.A. In congratulating him on the 
fact, his early friend and counsellor takes the libcrt}- of reminding him that " it is 
only eminence that can give success in the fine arts;" that "painters and poets, to 
be successful, must not only be perse\^ering and laborious, but must have natural 
talent and be enthusiastic." Though now attending the drawing classes in the 
School of Design, he continued to work regularly as a compositor, taking some 
hours at the case in the morning before the classes met, and again returning to 
type-lifting in the latter part of the day. He had not }'et by any means foregone 
his attention to the Muses, but went on producing song after song, in the hope of 
establishing his position among the minor poets with whom he had been brought 
into intimate contact ; and as his art studies were perseveringly prosecuted in 
the form both of class work and \oluntar}- portrait sketches of friends and patrons, 
his time beho\ed to be \-er}- fulh' occupied. 

When Jervise has been six months in attendance at the art classes, Laing 
refers with satisfaction to the fact of Sir William Allan and Mr. CoKin Smith 
having expressed approbation of the progress he is making in drawing, which he 
is sure they would not have done unless the commendation had been deserved. 
Smart expresses a similar opinion at this stage, and emphasises it by the state- 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



ment that " Andrew's industry and patience are indefatigable. I iiave no doubt 
he will distinguish himself yet ;" and Mr. Maxwell speaks warml\- of " the rapid 
progress he has made, and the serious earnestness of his purpose." 

In the succeeding months printer work had got very slack, and during the 
summer of 1843 Jervise could find only partial emplo)'ment at the compositor's 
frame. He went on perseveringly with his drawing, spending a few days now 
and again in the countr_\-, and " occasionally making a little with the pencil." 
Among his undertakings about this time were portraits in crayons, actual or con- 
templated, of Mr. Maxwell, Captain Gray, and Mr. Laing ; and he has visited 
Brechin, Montrose, and the surrounding localit)-, prepared to limn the features of 
all who might offer themselves as sitters. He is seemingly full of his new art, 
sanguine of success, and not indisposed to trust to the brush forthwith as his sole 
means of support. The friends, howcxer, of whom he has taken counsel hitherto, 
urge him not to give up the printing business yet, if an\-thing is to be made b)- it ; 
and to continue his attendance at the drawing classes of the School of Design for 
at least a session or two longer. And their advice had to all appearance been 
recei\ed with due respect. During ne.xt two sessions, in addition to the Antique 
Class, Jervise attended also the Colour Cla.ss in the School of Design, then 
taught b)- the late Thomas Duncan, R.S.A., A.R.A., well-known for his high 
artistic genius, and whose death, in May, 1845, at the early age of thirty-eight, 
was a great loss to Scottish art. Though conscientious and laborious in his 
studies, thus earning the respect and consideration of his distinguished instructors, 
he, it ma}- be stated, gained no class distinctions as an art pupil. 

" Poor fellow. I fear his hobb}- mars him as a printer and will never make 
him a painter. He has great enthusiasm and application, but that, though indis- 
pensible to success, does not always imply the possession of talent or genius." 
So wrote Alexander Smart in June, 1845 ; and he describes Jervise as then in 
Edinburgh " labouring hard " on a picture. As his art studies went on, the friends 
by whom he had been surrounded, and who manifestly had been vcrj- lo)al to 
him, though gratified by the progress he was making, seem never to have been 
able altogether to get rid of occasional doubts as to his ultimate success as a 
painter ; and the words quoted express the view of one of the shrewdest and 
most intimate of them dirccth" after the close of his formal studies as an art 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



pupil. Wc may speculate on what Jer-\-i.se's feeling would ha\-e been had he read 
his friend's words at the date when they were written ; and the guess is not a 
wild one which would induce us to believe that he would almost certainl\- ha\e 
been less inclined to admit tlicir truth then than he probabh- was when, sixteen 
or seventeen )-ears thereafter, those ver\' words actually came under his eye, as 
there is exery reason to believe they did. In the early part of 1846 he has 
commenced to teach drawing in Brechin, and under what he, for the time, 
considers favourable circumstances, his expectation, no doubt, being that as his 
A\'ork proceeded the taste for art and art instruction would grow. 

The Drawing Classes at Brechin were carried on in the Mason Lodge, a 
place fairh- suitable for the purpose. But notwithstanding the comparatively 
favourable start, and notwithstanding great industry and enthusiasm on the part 
of the Drawing Master, the undertaking did not prosper according to expectation, 
nor indeed continue to command such an amount of support as was absolutelj- re- 
quisite as a means of comfortable livelihood. It ma\' be that the pupils, man\" of them 
well grown young ladies belonging to families who of old had owned a kindly interest 
in Jean Chalmers and her son, and others who had been enrolled from the laud- 
able desire to encourage a deserving townsman, were too generall}" content with a 
single quarter of instruction ; but at an\- rate barely six months had passed 
when Jervise found his services as drawing master and portrait painter in less 
demand than was at all to be desired. Yet with his wonted perseverance he 
continued to draw and paint assiduously, at one time limning a local "character," at 
another attempting what would be st\-led a genre composition, or making a copy 
of some good oil painting, and occasionalh" obtaining a commission for a por- 
trait. With a view to stimulate an interest in art, and extend the knowledge of 
it, he prepared a series of three lectures, which, under the title of " A Popular 
History of Painting and its Principles," were publicly delivered in Brechin early in 
1847, with fair success, so far as a favourable reception from the audience addressed 
was concerned. Like all their author's literarj- compositions the)- were marked 
by their condensed statements of fact rather than by general disquisition or 
speculati\e theorizing. But meanwhile the artist must find for himself the means 
of living. And accordingly the idea of a local Art Union for disposal of pictures 
already off the easel, and in want of purchasers, suggested itself And that idea 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



was carried out under the following scheme, as set forth in full detail in the 
Prospectus issued in February, 1847 : — 



ART-UNION. 



MR. ANDREW JERYISE, 

PORTRAIT PAINTER, &C., MASON LODGE, BRECHIN, 

Respectfully acquaints the Fine Art Admirers, that from the great increase of his OIL 
PAINTINGS, he has resolved to Dispose of the following Original and Copied, and generally 
interesting Studies, on the " Art-Union " principle (which is much the same as Subscription Sales), 
except in there being No Blanks; every unsuccessful Shareholder being entitled to a Print, which, 
in this case, will be a fine Lithographic Engraving from Mr. J.'s original picture of Con- 
templation, equal in value to about the sum subscribed. 



300 SHARES, OF FIVE SHILLINGS EACH 75 POUNDS. 

TWENTY PRIZE PAINTINGS. 

EVERY UNSUCCESSFUL SHAREHOLDER WILL RECEIVE A FINE LITHOGRAPHIC PRINT. 



LIST OF PRIZES. 



A Blacksmith at Work, . . .^100 

Sketch — Uomo di Chiaia (copy), . 110 

Girl and Pigeon, .... 3 3 

Sketch — Uomo di Sta. Lucia (ifcySj'j, i 10 

Nell Low (a Brechin character), . 5 5 

" From an early age Nkll had devoted 
herself to trutiicking- in ' riddles and affairs 
of death,' and carried her assumed charac- 
ter (of Witch I) even to her death-bed."— 
Montrose Bevieic, Oct. 23, 1848. 

Bunch of Grapes, . . . . i lo 
Sketch — Donne della Torre del 

Greco {copy), . . . . i lo 

An Orphan Minstrel Boy, . . 70 

Sketch — Donna Sicilana {copy), . i 10 
The Love Letter, ....70 

Sketch — Girl Cleaning Potatoes, . 112 

Sketch — Donna di Sta. Lucia {copy), l 10 



13. Piper Ross (b. 1756) painted from 

life 1846, 

After serving as a marine at the engag-e- 
nients of St. Domingo, Cape St. Vincent, 
The Nile, Acre, &c., Kos.s became cow-herd 
to Sir W. Scott (who had a portr.iit of him 
painted at Abbotsford). He piped before 
our Queen at Blair Athol in 1S44, .and con- 
tinues a strolling, and— left-handed ]jiper. 

14. Market Boy, 

15. Sketch--Donne di San Germano 

{copy), 

16. Contemplation, .... 

17. Sketch— Old Man Reading, . 

18. Still life study— A Sheep's Head, . 
ig. The Grecian Daughter {copy), 

20. Sketch — Donna Napolitana {copy). 



£7 



Total, £7S 



THE PRIZE DRAWING WILL TAKE PLACE UPON WEDNESDAY the 24th DAY OF 
MARCH next, AT eleven o'clock, forenoon. 

Then follow the forinal Conditions of Drawing and other needful details. 



MEMOIR OF THE A UTHOR. 



The success of the Art Union had, all things considered, been probably as 
great as was to be hoped for. The good folks of Brechin seem never at any 
time to have entertained other than a kindly interest in the fortunes of their 
ingenious fellow-townsman, and the}- bought " shares " with a reasonable degree 
of liberality. Still the net pecuniary result could not have been great, seeing that 
several of the principal pictures were left on the artist's hands, and indeed re- 
mained in his possession till the day of his death. 

In a certain sense the Art Union may be vieu'ed as the supreme effort of 
Jervise in his capacit}' of drawing master and portrait painter. For several sub- 
sequent years he was to find no other specific vocation that would yield the 
means of a moderately comfortable subsistence. Yet all too certainly Art in his 
hands seemed destined to prove at best but a meagre and uncertain source of 
emolument. In its enthusiastic pursuit, his efforts at \-ersification and the pro- 
duction of prose tales and sketches had for a year or two been considerably 
relaxed. Still with even the most devoted artist the lack of professional engage- 
ments is poorly supplied by mere professional enthusiasm. And in the too 
abundant leisure at his command as drawing master, Jervise once and again fell 
back afresh on his old pursuits ; copying quaint inscriptions ; collecting generally 
what he regarded as curious or interesting in churchyard literature, and the like. 
He composed an " Eulogium on the Right Hon. Lord Panmure," which bears 
date "October, 1847," and was publicl}- recited on his Lordship's birthda}' in the 
month and )-ear mentioned. The fact that the piece was produced " by request," 
probably did not tend to elevate the poet's fancy or better his rhyme ; yet the 
circumstance that Jervise thought it worth while to have the poem, which con- 
sisted of only fifty-six lines in heroics, put in print, \\-ith foot-notes, and submitted 
to the judgment of his critical friends in Edinburgh, affords evidence that he 
looked upon it as at least an average production of his Muse. One of these 
friends, in giving his opinion of the poem, expresses satisfaction that the author's 
Muse was still " awake and thriving ; nay, more vigorous than ever I saw her." 
And at same time he takes the liberty of pointing out a few prosaic expressions 
and very obvious faults in the measure. The piece itself, as it lies before us, 
certainly does not rise above mediocrit}- in point of mere versification, and has 
little of poetic fanc\- or musical flow in it. It is interesting chiefly as indicative 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



of the difficulty that even a very shrewd man — ^Jervise was now twenty-seven — 
occasionall}- expiriences in finally settling the question whether the di\-ine afflatus 
has really touched his spirit or not. And it was not b}- any means the latest of 
his poetical attempts. 

Samples of art work of a distinctively characteristic sort, belonging to this 
period, are found in a series of pencil sketches, made chiefly in the region of Upper 
Deeside, in the summers of 1847 and 1S48, when he had betaken himself to that 
locality in search of renewed health and strength. The " characters " of the region, 
male and female, appear to have been industriously sought out and sketched ; and 
in the case of the more notable of them, the artist was careful to inscribe at the 
bottom of the sheet, and wandering over to the reverse side, a full jotting of all 
available particulars concerning the age, nativit}-, and b\-e-gone life of the sub- 
ject of the sketch. 

But with all Jervise's resolute perseverance and unflagging industry, Art 
in his case seemed, in a x&cy real sense, long compared with brief life, and it 
still refused to yield him the means of living in other than the most stinted 
fashion. This circumstance seems to have formed a subject of frequent and 
confidential talk and conference amongst his most intimate friends, and in the 
early part of 1848 Alexander Smart writes to Alexander Laing : — "I am truly 
sorry for what you say about Andrew. The compositor's stick in his hand 
would have been a staff, and I do fear the brush is but a broken reed." Laing 
had apparent]}- suggested something in the way of direct representation to 
Jervise, concerning what his friends deemed the hopelessness of further prosecut- 
ing Art as a profession ; the only certain engagement he appears to have had at 
the time being to act as drawing master to a class of young ladies receiving their 
education under Mrs. Prain, wife of Mr. Prain, parochial schoolmaster of Brechin. 
To this Smart did not see his wa}- ; at least, if he was to be the medium. " It 
would be a delicate matter to advise him," he says ; " he has no misgivings, I fear, 
as to his ability, and to advise him to go back to the case might imply that 
he had no ability to succeed as a painter, and might thus be construed bj- a 
disappointed man into an insult. Therefore I'll not meddle." The conjecture 
as to Jervise having no misgivings ma}- have been well founded ; and it is at 
least possible that it ma}- not. But even if he had misgivings, what then ? 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



It is easy to understand the extreme reluctance with which he would have 
contemplated such an open admission of failure as would have been implied in 
returning to his previous occupation of a compositor. And what else was he to 
do ? If he had turned directly to general literature in any of its forms, it is 
not likely that he would have found the field much more promising or pro- 
ductive than that of Art. 

Up to the date now reached, and for at least a year or two later, Jervise, as it 
concerns his own peculiar literary walk, was simply groping his way on the outskirts 
of the field in which he was ultimately to attain to something like an unique 
position. We have already referred to his early love for mortuary researches. 
During his residence in Edinburgh, his taste in that direction had led him to 
spend a good part of his few leisure hours in exploring the various cemeteries in 
and around the city. And latterly, he had with growing assiduity continued his 
churchyard "diggings" in the locality of Brechin. His object hitherto, had, how- 
ever, been much more the collection of grotesque or specially characteristic 
epitaphs and inscriptions, than any systematic genealogical purpose. Of such 
epitaphs and inscriptions he had transcribed a large number ; and the feeling that, 
amid much that was the reverse of encouraging in his outward circumstances, 
seems to have drawn him irresistibly onward in the same direction evidently 
amounted to nothing short of an absolute passion. 

We are not without evidence that while his friends were mourning over his 
rather bleak professional prospects, as already indicated, Jervise was from 
time to time finding consolation in a characteristically industrious application to 
the art of verse making. Short pieces, descriptive or lyrical, had occasional!)- en- 
gaged his Muse ; and a somewhat elaborate poem which, in part, saw the light 
in the columns of a local newspaper in August, 1848, is entitled "Reflections 
on the Past ; Being Fragments from the MS. of a Local and Descriptive Poem, 
inscribed to D. D. B., Esq., Brechin" — (D. D. Black, Esq., Solicitor, latterly of 
Kergord, and author of "The History of Brechin"). The fragments given to 
the public extended to fully three hundred lines, and opened thus : — 



" Breathes there the man " who never dropt a tear 
For early friends, or native home so dear ? 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



Ah ! surely not. Home yields the pleasing charm 
That fires the heart, tho' hope hath fail'd to warm. 
There lives a parent, or there one doth lie, 
Hid 'mong the dust, who claims a tender sigh ; 
Who fondly watch'd our many helpless years. 
And sang our lullaby midst hopes and fears. 
There too remain the sylvan stream and shade. 
And schoolboy friends with whom we often stray'd 
And talk'd our dreamy thoughts of life away. 
And sigh'd and smil'd for manhood's troubl'd day. 

The poem goes on to recall personal reminiscences, and descant upon and 
describe local scenes, and local celebrities and " characters," not omitting the grave- 
yard and gravedigger : — 

Ah yes 'twas here we watch'd the sexton's smile, 
As from the grave, half-buried for the while. 
The slimy earth he cast with dauntless power, 
Smok'd at his pipe, and scorn'd the falling shower. 
And told his strange narrations of the dead. 
As up he threw some mouldy covered head. 

A series of foot Notes, explanatory and historical, is appended ; and the 
extent to which illustration is carried in this way will be understood when it is 
stated that the Notes, to which the reference from the text is by the letters of the 
alphabet, extend literally from a to z. In other words, the)' number no fewer 
than twenty-six. 

But a period of only three months more had passed, when we find Jcrvise 
taking a definite step forward in a direction which was destined ultimately to lead 
him into his proper sphere. On 24th November, 1848, there appeared in the 
same newspaper (Montrose Standard) the first of a series of papers, titled 
" Specimens of Churchyard Poetry, Orthography, &c." No author's name was 
given, the paper being simply signed " Z ;" and no general scheme or purpose 
was set forth. The subject of the first paper was " Lochlee, Angus-shire." It 
opened with a paragraph, enclosed in brackets, generally descriptive of the parish. 
Then followed a few selected epitaphs and obituary inscriptions ; the paper con- 
cluding with a short sketch of the life of Alexander Ross, author of " Helenore : 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



or, the Fortunate Shepherdess." Kinneff was taken next, which furnished occasion 
for a pretty full account of the romantic episode of the concealment of the 
Scottish Regalia by the minister's wife, in 1652. Similar papers followed at the 
rate of about one a month. Angus and the Mearns formed the field, though no 
regular topographical or other order was observed ; occasionally two parishes were 
grouped together in the same paper ; and the writer had by and by wandered 
across the Dee, and included one or two Aberdeenshire graveyards. The series 
had gone regularly on through 1849 ; and appended to the paper printed on 4th 
January, 1850, was a foot Note to this effect : — " In answer to many requests and 
solicitations anent printing the above ' Specimens ' in a volume, the collector begs 
to say that he has now resolved to do so under the title of ' The Mortuary 
Poetry of Angus and Mearns,' from the various burying-grounds of which coun- 
ties he has personally copied most of the notable inscriptions. But — as he is 
desirous of interspersing the work with notices of local history, biography, tra- 
ditions, and antiquities, and will illustrate the more prominent of the latter with 
lithographic prints from original drawings — he begs the promoters of the work to 
observe that subscribers' names will not be solicited until about t/ic end of 1850, 
by which time the collector hopes to have his arrangements completed. Until 
then, as heretofore, ' Specimens' will be printed in this paper." With the expiry 
of the year 1850, the series of papers published had extended to thirty-one ; but 
nothing further is said of the proposed scheme of publication. It had evidently 
been allowed to fall aside. On 26th February, 185 1, Jervisc delivered to his fellow- 
townsmen in Brechin the first of a couple of lectures on " The Antiquities of 
Angus and Mearns." The description given of the lecture by the local press 
was that it was " delivered in an unostentatious manner, couched in eloquent 
language, and displayed immense research and knowledge of the instructive 
science of antiquities." And appended to No. xxxi. of the churchyard papers, 
published at the close of the succeeding month, was the following quaint 
note : — " N.B. — The correction of errors, or additional information anent this and 
similar subjects connected with Angus and Mearns will at all times be gladly 
received (post paid) by ' Z,' Post-office, Brechin. March, 185 1." The series of 
papers went on after the same fashion till the close of 1851 ; and in the 
interim another Note had expressed the author's sense of indebtedness to, and 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



dependence upon the aid of Session-Clerks, thus : — " The collector of these 
mottoes begs to express his sincere obligations to the Session-Clerks of Angus 
and Mearns, for their kindness in having allowed him free access to their 
various Parochial Registers, and also for having given other valuable information. 
Without this, some of the hitherto gencrallj- unknown and interesting parochial 
features, whether illustrative of the ' troubles,' incredulity, or primitive customs of 
our ancestors, or the exact place and period of the birth of man)- illustrious men, 
could not be sufficient!}- authenticated. He, therefore, hopes that the inquiries 
which he has \-et to make in sc\-cral parishes will be acceded to in the same 
disinterested and kindly spirit." 

Prior to the date last mentioned, however, the attention of Jervise had been 
drawn aside to two other related subjects. At the close of 1850 and commence- 
ment of 185 1, he published through the medium of the same newspaper half a 
dozen papers titled " Inscriptions from the Shields in the Trades' Hall, Aber- 
deen ;" and in October and November, 1851, another short series, headed "Sketch 
of the History and Traditions of Glenesk ; most respectfully inscribed to the 
Right Honourable Lord Panmure." 

In so far as the available materials admit, we have thus generally traced 
the career of the subject of our Memoir up to the close of 185 1. At that date 
Andrew Jervise as an antiquarian explorer may be said to ha\'e been still, 
practical!)', an entirely unknown man, working away on his own skill, and 
apart from the advantages which contact with the general body of the more 
learned Scottish antiquaries of the time would have secured for him. Thus cir- 
cumstanced, the remarkable thing is to find that in the papers just described, 
crude and imperfect as in certain respects they were, he had broken ground for 
the foundation and gathered materials more or less for each of the three principal 
works with which his name was thereafter to be associated : " The Land of the 
Lindsays ;" '' Memorials of Angus and Mearns ;" and " Epitaphs and Inscriptions." 
His skill as a genealogist might be but small, and his knowledge of and access 
to family papers and other original authorities but limited ; yet the germs of 
what was to be in due course greatly expanded under fuller knowledge and 
more matured judgment were there ; and no one could fail to be struck w ith 
the mass of really curious and useful information already gathered. 



MEMOIR OF THE A UTHOR. 



The series of papers on the History and Traditions of Glenesk, and that 
on the Aberdeen Trades Hall Inscriptions, were each reprinted in a small 
brochure, forming the first separate publications attempted by Jervise. The 
former of the two, as will afterwards be seen, attracted the attention of those 
well able to judge of its merits. Meanwhile, bearing in mind that the labour 
involved in the preparation of all the papers mentioned, and in gathering the 
materials for them, was of an almost entirely unremunerative character, while Art 
was receiving less attention and not yielding better pecuniary results, let us look 
at Jervise's domestic condition and surroundings at a period of his life at which 
those of his Brechin neighbours, who still maintained their interest in his welfare, 
had some difficulty in finding a ready vindication of his tastes and pursuits in the 
eyes of the class who had come to have their doubts as to the use of him in 
the world. 

The house in which Andrew Jervise was born, and in which he spent the first 
few months of his life, has been already described. Without tracing closely 
the details of the household history at a period when means were narrow indeed, 
and the struggle of life hard enough, it may be stated generally that, when in 
the spring of 1848 he was suffering under a severe illness, the family accom- 
modation (in Anderson's Close) was so limited as to make the nocturnal out- 
breaks of a tippling neighbour, who lived " but and ben " on the same floor, a 
cause of very serious annoyance, if not of actual danger to the patient. During 
the latter part of the time in which he was still more or less following after Art, 
but giving a good deal of his attention to the kind of work indicated, Jervise, 
with his mother and aunt, lived in the Black Bull Close, one of those quiet, old- 
fashioned courts, where general street traffic is very much in abeyance, and where 
the passenger stumbles against an outside stair here and there. Passing in b)- a 
common entry, and up a narrow spiral staircase, with a window at the turn, 
from which a pleasant glimpse of portions of the lower part of the town down to 
the wooded banks of the South Esk is obtained, one reaches the first floor landing 
to find a couple of very moderate sized rooms, or rather, indeed, one very 
moderate sized room and closet, the yearly rental of the two apartments, as rents 
go in Brechin, being certainly not over £a^. There the famih-, mother, son, and 
aunt, lived. The larger of the two apartments was given up to Jervise. It 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



was all that he had as studio ; there he received his visitors ; it was there he 
worked while engaged in the preparation of the book that first made his name 
rcall}' known ; and it was in the Black Bull Close, or in Liddcll's Close near by, 
that he lived at the date of receiving his appointment as Examiner of Registers. 
On receiving that appointment he was in a position to command more suitable 
accommodation ; and after one or two changes settled down in his own house in 
Southesk Street, where his mother and he lived till their deaths. 

The illness already spoken of was succeeded by another in 1852, when Jervise 
suffered from rheumatic fever, brought on, or aggravated at least, it was believed, 
by exposure to damp while persistently poring over and deciphering graveyard 
and other inscriptions. His circumstances at the time were very straitened, and 
but for the considerate kindness of friends the pressure of a serious and protracted 
illness would have made his case a very distressing one indeed. Amongst those 
who specially interested themselves in his condition, it is right to mention the 
family of Mr. Thomas Ogilvy. Knowing well that his means did not admit of 
his procuring the comforts absolutely required by one in his condition, the late 
Mr. Patrick C. Ogilvy, corn merchant, a member of that family, whose 
intimacy with Jervise, as his old schoolfellow, continued to be of the closest, 
availing himself of that intimacy, in a truly generous and sympathetic spirit, 
personally ministered to his wants day by day during the later stages of his 
illness, and until he was convalescent. The story of Mr. Ogilvy's disinterested 
kindness at this time is not less creditable to his memory as a man of genuine 
feeling, than it is of interest as an illustration of the strong and enduring 
character of the tie that, in not a few cases, existed between Jervise and the 
more intimate of his friends, both earlier and later. 

It was as he lived and laboured as a resident in the Black Bull Close that 
Jervise made the acquaintance of several of those who became his most valued 
correspondents, and whose superior literary and antiquarian knowledge, as well 
as their social position, enabled them to be of substantial advantage to him. Fore- 
most among these was the late Patrick Chalmers, Esq. of Aldbar. Mr. Chalmers, 
himself a man of refined literary tastes and extensive archaeological acquirements, 
had his attention in the first place drawn to Jervise's work as an artist ; and we 
believe he made copies of some of the pictures in Aldbar Castle. And whatever 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



estimate Mr. Chalmers might form of his artistic powers, he could hardly fail to 
recognise in him, if only in the work he had already attempted, the spirit and 
makings of a true antiquary ; while on his part Jervisc was every way likely to 
have his antiquarian proclivities stimulated and usefully directed. Mr. Chalmers 
emplo}-ed him to arrange and catalogue his Library. The work was thoroughly 
congenial to Jervise's tastes ; he took it up with zest ; went about it de- 
liberately and carefully ; and as the arrangement was done under the direction 
of one who knew books better than himself the information and experience 
acquired in the process were of permanent advantage to him. 

As early as the beginning of 1852 Jervise also numbered among his corres- 
pondents Lord Lindsay, now Earl of Crawford and Balcarres, and Sir James 
Carnegie, now Lord Southesk. both of whom communicated with him in a 
thoroughly appreciative spirit. During his daj-s in the Aldbar Library, if not 
earlier, Jervise had become acquainted with Lord Lindsay's " Lives of the 
Lindsays," printed privately in 1840, but published only in 1849; and it was the 
kind of work certain to prove suggestive to one of his turn of mind ; and 
suggestive in probably more ways than one. The author's prefatory exhorta- 
tion — "Do not allow yourselves to fall into the common prejudice that GENEALOGY 
is a dry uninteresting study — Lethe's wharf her paradise, and her votaiy dull as 
the weeds that fatten there " — would not be read by him unheeded. He was as 
likely as almost any one to accept with strong relish the doctrine that " the 
spirit of discovery breathes expectation as eager, and enjo)'ment as intense, into 
the heart of the enthusiastic Genealogist as into that of a l^ruce or Humboldt ;" 
and to respond to the saying that " his heart throbs, his cheek burns, and his hand 
quivers with rapture as he transcribes a document, which at a glance reveals to 
him a long avenue of ancestral dead, eyeing him through the gloom like corpses 
in a vault of the Gaunches." And then had he not been exploring the vei-}- 
region where those Lindsa\-s had for so many generations lived and acted ? 

That " The Land of the Lindsays " should follow up " Lives of the 
Lindsays " was at anyrate a natural enough thought ; and the fact is certain 
that to the kind encouragement of Lord Lindsay, whose letters to the author 
while completing his preparations are distinguished not less by wise direction 
than bv generous appreciation, we owe the publication of the work that first 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



gave Jervise a position. In his preface to " The Land of the Lindsays," he 
writes: — "The present volume owes its origin to the general interest which one 
of these papers (separately published as a pamphlet) created at the time, and 
from the kindness and courtesy of the Right. Hon. Lord Lindsay, who was 
pleased to remark in reference to the notice referred to : — ' I wish your account 
of Glenesk had been published in time to have enabled me to avail myself of it 
in the " Lives ".' " When the work had made some progress Mr. Jervise inti- 
mated to Lord I^indsay that he intended to publish it by subscription, a plan 
which his Lordship not only approved of, but exerted his influence to further. 
From him the struggling author received much assistance and valuable informa- 
tion, and to his riper judgment many of the proof sheets were, we believe, sub- 
mitted as the work was passing through the press. 

Under such favourable auspices, " The History and Traditions of the Land 
of the Lindsays" was published in 1853. It was the first work of any magnitude 
that Mr. Jervise had brought out, and he was naturally very anxious about the 
reception it should obtain at the hands of the reviewers. He had every reason to 
be fully satisfied in that respect, for it was on all sides most favourably spoken 
of And it must have been specially gratifying to him to receive from his early 
friends, Mr. Ma.xwell and Mr. Smart, very hearty congratulations on his success, 
the former, amongst other remarks, observing : — " You have written your book 
well, and it will unquestionably do you much honour, as well as, I hope, put 
money into your pocket, for it must have cost you an immense amount of 
labour." Mr. Smart, whose doubts concerning Jervise's ultimate success as an artist 
were, as we have already seen, early awakened, and whose shrewdness of judgment had 
been exhibited on several occasions, gave a very flattering estimate of the merits 
of the new work. "I have perused it," he writes, "with no small feeling of 
pride that my old friend could produce such a book. You succeed so well in 
animating the dry bones of old tradition, and clothing them with flesh and 
blood, that this seems to be your special mission." To Lord Lindsay Mr. 
Jer\'ise sent a copy prepared with all the taste that his artistic skill, inspired 
by sincere gratitude, could devise ; in acknowledging which his Lordship writes: — 
" I have never seen a more prettily got up book, and I have alread}- told you 
how interesting I think it in perusal." The opinion of the Earl of Dalhousie, then 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



Lord Panmurc, of " The Land of the Lindsays" and its author, as publicly expressed 
in 1856, in proposing Jervisc's health at a tenantry dinner in Edzell Castle, was 
given in these words: — "We have one amongst us of whom the county may justly 
feel proud, and who, without the aid of those adventitious circumstances which many 
of us enjoy, has, by his own industry and perseverance, educated himself and gained 
a name in the literature of the country of \\hich any one ma\- feci justh' proud. I 
refer to Mr. Jervise, who has done more to preserve the history and antiquities of 
the county than an\' other man since the days of my own ancestor. Commissary 
Maule, who lived nearly two hundred years ago. Lord Lindsay, as you are 
aware, has written admirably well the history of the ' Lives of the Lindsays,' 
and Mr. Jervise has written the history of their lands and castles. My acquaint- 
ance with Mr. Jervise contributed much to induce me to restore and preserve 
the old ruins of Edzell, which arc now put into such a state of repair as to 

form an agreeable and interesting resort for visitors ' The Land 

of the Lindsays' is a book which does honour to Mr. Jervise and to the country; 
it is a book which I have had great pleasure in perusing, and from which I 
have received much information regarding the history and antiquities of the 
county." The sentiments thus expressed were no mere words of course, and 
coming from the quarter the}- did, Jervise regarded them with a feeling of 
justifiable pride. 

The publication of " The Land of the Lindsays " was in a sense the turning 
point in Jervise's fortune. What money he was able to put into his pocket 
from the proceeds of the work we have no means of knowing ; but it at once 
pointed him out, to those who had influence to help him on in life, as a man 
of ability, of untiring diligence in research, and of capacity to fill almost any 
situation in the line of his favourite study. It was moreo^•er the occasion of bring- 
ing him under the favourable notice of Lord Panmure, to whose influence 
he afterwards owed his appointment as Examiner of Registers, as well as 
many other important favours. When a prospectus of the work was 
distributed among his friends, with a \iew to obtain subscribers, their applica- 
tions on his behalf had often been met by the discouraging inquir_\-, " Who is 
Mr. Jervise?" The publication of " The Land of the Lindsays" rendered that 
question for the future unnecessary, for it placed him in a good position among 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



the antiquaries of his country. That same year saw him also a Corresponding 
Member of the Society of Antiquaries, Edinburgh, a body to whose proceedings 
he was e\'cr afterwards a diligent and valued contributor.* 

The Society at that time numbered among its office-bearers some men of 
real eminence in literature — Sir James Y. Simpson, Prof Cosmo Innes, Dr. 
Joseph Robertson, Dr. John Stuart, and soon after Dr. John Hill Burton, with 
many others of high repute. It was a great matter for Jervise to be brought 
into contact with such men, several of whom by and by became his attached 
friends. 

In the course of collecting materials for " The Land of the Lindsays," Jervise 
had acquired a large amount of antiquarian information not suitable for insertion 
in that work. Some of it he afterwards moulded into his next book — " Memorials 
of Angus and Mearns " — but a considerable portion \\'as shaped into contribu- 
tions to the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries. Far, however, from 
exhausting his stores, these contributions, now that he had begun to feel his 
footing surer, only widened the field of his research, and gave him greater skill 
in utilizing the products of his explorations. On the first fly-leaf of a collection 
of these articles, made not long before his death, he wrote, " M}- first papers 
were read to the Antiq. Society in 1854, vol. 2, et sub." The Proceedings of 
the Society show that in that year he contributed a paper, entitled " Notes on 
Districts (at which relics were found), viz. : — (i) Forfar, Newdesk, Glenesk, Laws, 
Monifieth, EdzcU Castle ; (2) Sculptured Stones in Forfarshire ; (3) Edzell Baths ; 
(4) Culross Palace ; (5) Wallace's Portrait at Brechin." 

In the midst of these labours he was doomed to experience a sad eclipse 

* It was Dr. John Stuart who induced him to associate himself with the Society of Antiquaries. 
Under date of 2nd November, 1854, there is a letter from him to Mr. Jervise, in which, after asking 
him to find out several particulars for him in regard to sculptured stones, he adds in a P.S. : — " I 
wish you would try your hand at a paper for our Antiquarian Society here on your Round Tower, or 
any other suitable subject. If you give us two papers we will dub you Corresponding Fellow." The 
papers came, and Corresponding Fellow he was dubbed ; for, some months after, we find Dr. Stuart 
writing him : — " I proposed you to-day as a Corresponding Member, and got Mr. Robert Chambers 
and Mr. D. Laing to join in the recommendation. You will be balloted for at next meeting." It is 
needless to say that with such a recommendation the ballot was entirely in his favour. 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



of his hopes in the death of his earliest patron and warmest friend, Patrick 
Chalmers, Esq. of Aldbar. While the Registration Act was passing through 
Parliament in 1854, the idea had occurred to Mr. Chalmers that its require- 
ments might open for his protege a situation suited to his talents and 
congenial to his tastes. A few months before his death he accordingly wrote to 
Lord Panmurc, then Sccretarj- at War, strongly recommending him to procure 
for Mr. Jcrvise an appointment as 'Examiner of Registers, should the bill pass 
into law ; and Sir James Carnegie warml}- interested himself in the same direction. 
By the time the bill became law, at the end of the session of 1854, Mr. Chalmers 
had died at Rome, and when the Act came into operation in January, 1855, the 
list of officers under it did not contain the name of Mr. Jervise. How this happened 
is not quite clear ; but a story is told which, if true, throws some light on the sub- 
ject of his ultimate appointment. It is said that soon after Lord Panmure had set 
apart Glenmark and a portion of Lochlee for a deer forest, and had strictly pro- 
hibited the Intrusion of strangers within its boundaries, he was one day walking 
over the ground, and observing some one wandering about within the forbidden 
limits, he sent a gamekeeper to order him off The servant soon returned, bringing 
the name of the intruder. "Jervise!'' muttered his Lordship; and after a pause — "Go 
and tell him to come here immediately ; I want to speak to him." W^hat passed 
at the conference is not related, but the Examiners appointed under the Schedule 
appended to the Registration Act being found insufficient for the labours assigned 
to them, Mr. Jervise, on the 23rd June following, received notice from Mr. Ramsay, 
secretary to Lord Panmure, that his appointment as an additional Examiner would 
be made on his intimating his readiness to accept of it. The official appointment 
reached him on 23rd August, 1855, bearing that he was to enter on his duties on 
1st January, 1856. The salary assigned to him was ;£'200 per annum, with £\ is. 
per diem of travelling expenses when on his rounds awaj- from Brechin. Considering 
his former narrow means, this must have appeared to him quite a fortune ; and 
at any rate it at once entirely relieved him from the pecuniary straits by which he 
had been hampered for years. He was heartily congratulated on his appointment 
by Lord Lindsay; and also by Sir James Carnegie, who early in the same year had 
kindly agreed to become one of his securities, should he obtain an appointment in 
the Stamps and Taxes Department, for which he had applied ; at the same time 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



freely permitting him to use his name in support of his application, and undertak- 
ing to mention his claims to the Lord-Lieutenant and Member of Parliament for 
the county. In the present instance he had supported his application, but disclaimed 
an}- merit in the matter of tlie appointment, with the remark that " Lord Panmure 
has a most honest memory, a kind heart, and a strong hand." Dr. Stuart, in 
congratulating him on his formal appointment, says: — "It will suit }-ou in e\-er)' 
wa\', and will give }-ou many opportunities of investigating local antiquities." 

The appointment now obtained by Jervise was in almost every respect the 
most suitable as regards his aptitudes and tastes ; and he seems from the very 
first to have felt so himself We are not prepared to assert that the story of the 
meeting in Glenmark may not be more or less apocryphal. But an incident of 
Jervise's first interview with his patron, after he had received the appointment 
of Examiner, was certainly true, as it was frequently told b)' himself, and is 
worth recording here. When his Lordship had received the expression of his 
gratitude, he replied, "Well, Jervise, is there anything more I can do 
for you ? " " Oh, no, my lord," said Jervise, I am perfectly satisfied." " Umph," 
returned his Lordship, drih- ; " It 's a good thing ; you are the first man I have 
ever got an appointment for who was so ! " 

The district first assigned to Mr. Jervise comprised the counties of Perth, 
Forfar, and -Fife. Here he continued to discharge his official duties for about 
two years and a-half In June, 1859, he was appointed to the Eastern District, 
comprehending the counties of Aberdeen, Kincardine, Forfar, and Perth. By 
a subsequent re-arrangement in 1S61, Nairn, Elgin, and Banff, were substituted 
for Perth, forming the North-Eastern District under charge of Mr. Jervise, with 
£2^ addition to his salary ; and latterly the three northern counties were dropped 
out, and Fife again included in his district — once more the Eastern District. 

From the very first Mr. Jervise was an expert in the art of examining regis- 
ters. His previous training as a printer had, doubtless, given him a certain 
facility in deciphering various styles of handwriting, while the habit, which 
he had assiduously cultivated, of minutely inspecting manuscript documents, 
and of paying particular attention to the spelling in the more ancient, 
brought immediatel)- under his notice an\- incongruit}' in the orthograph}- 
of the proper names appearing in the register under ijispection ; and every 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



error of this kind, however small, was always carefully recorded. His previous 
antiquarian studies had also qualified him for the easy detection of any error 
in the matter of dates. Although he had, therefore, no special training for the 
office on which he now entered, his whole previous occupations had tended to 
fit him for an efficient discharge of the duties connected with it. Among 
other qualifications, he had acquired the habit of arranging documents and filing 
them with such order that every one of them seemed to turn up at his bidding 
whenever it was wanted. The example which he thus set registrars of order in 
the disposition of their various books, schedules, and documents, was generally 
more impressive than any fault-finding would have been. A qualification of some 
importance in an Examiner of Parochial Registers, and one which his previous 
experience in deciphering ancient manuscripts had acquired for him, was a keen- 
ness of eye in discovering fictitious signatures. If an opportunity was afforded of 
seeing the same hand-writing twice in the course of examining the registers of 
an average country parish, he seldom failed to mark it, and when anything sus- 
picious occurred in regard to a signature, he has been known to direct the 
Registrar to open a correspondence, with the view of resolving his doubts, and 
these investigations occasionally led to curious discoveries. Although particular 
as to the form of an entry, he was much more particular as to its truthfulness. 
We have reason to believe that it was at his suggestion that not a ^<^\\ of the 
improvements on the Register Books were from time to time adopted with the 
best results, both as simplifying the form of entry and preventing the occurrence 
of errors. 

In his intercourse with Registrars he was always most gentlemanly and 
courteous. If they were faithful and efficient he treated them as officially his 
equals. Many of them in other respects he treated as his superiors. This 
deferential bearing won their confidence and friendship, and by the efficient — and 
they were the large majority — his annual visits were hailed with pleasure. Official 
pride, Jervise had none ; he despised all assumption of airs. If the work he had 
to examine was well done, he esteemed the man who did it, and cared not to 
hide his esteem. Fidelity to the duties of his office was his first object, and it 
occasionally happened that this compelled him to ha\'e recourse to measures that 
defaulting registrars thought severe. He could be, and was severe when there was 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



cause for it, and this sometimes brought him no good-will from those who thought 
themselves injured. In truth, there was nothing shallow in Jervise's character. If 
his friendship was strong, so also, it may be admitted, were his antipathies ; 
but his disposition leaned decidedly towards the former feeling ; and his friendship 
could be most implicitly trusted. He was quite aware that his discharge of duty had 
procured him the enmity of one here and there, but the fact did not trouble him in 
the least. We remember once going the round of a churchyard with him, and on 
coming on the following epitaph on a tombstone : — " The deceased never lost a 
friend and never made an enem\-," Jervise remarked, " That man must have 
either had very little to do in the world, or done it ver)' ill ; " an observation 
prompted doubtless by his own experience of official life. The enemies he him- 
self had made were very few ; his friends, on the other hand, were a perfect host. 
Putting out of view the exceptions as insignificant, it ma}- be questioned whether 
it can now be said of any one what lately might with truth have been said of 
him — that there was not a parish in six of the most populous counties in Scot- 
land in which he had not a personal friend ; in most of them, several friends. 
Nor was it an empty friendship which was thus cultivated between him and the 
Parish Registrars. He was read}- on all suitable occasions to exert his influence 
for their welfare ; and the remembrance of his kindness in this wa}- will long be 
fresh in the minds of many of them. Very frequently, too, when any . difficulty 
arose in regard to the proper form in which an entry should be made, he was 
appealed to for instruction. It was no part of his duty to advise in these 
matters, but such was his knowledge of the requirements of the Act, and latterly 
of the circumstances of each parish he visited, that his instructions were generally 
clear and satisfactory. The correspondence which these consultations entailed 
upon him must have occupied many of his leisure hours, and seriously curtailed 
the time he wished to devote to his antiquarian researches; but he nc\-cr grudged 
the trouble, and what would have been to a less obliging nature an intolerable 
burden was to him a real pleasure. 

But in the wide district allotted to him he had, as indicated, main- friends 
besides the Registrars, w-ho were in the great majority of cases the Schoolmasters 
of their respective parishes. Among the clerg}- and proprietors he numbered many 
friends ; and both at the manse and the mansion he gleaned no inconsiderable por- 



xl MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 

tion of his unrivalled stores of local and genealogical information. A " character " 
himself, he had a keen eye for character in others, and was ahva\-s attracted by it. 
It is no exaggeration to affirm that there was not in the whole North-Eastern 
division of Scotland a man of mark with whose tastes he was unacquainted, or 
whose characteristics he had not divined with wonderful acuteness. It was probably 
the possession of such knowledge that caused him to be dreaded by a few, 
while it gained him the respect of many. In a letter to a friend, a gentleman, 
himself a prime scholar and a very estimable man, thus writes — " I have lately 
been introduced to Mr. Jervise, and spent an evening with him — he must by 
some be considered a dangerous man ; he knows too much about everybody." 

A picture of Jervise when out on his official peregrinations was not without 
its humorous aspect. Until the last \-ear of his life he drove his own conveyance; 
and there was none other exactly similar to be seen on the roads he traversed. He 
had fully considered the necessities of his journeying, and finding none of the 
recognised forms of vehicles quite suited to his requirements, he got one made 
expressly for his own purposes. It was about the height of an ordinary drosky, and 
in shape somewhat resembled a four-wheeled dogcart ; but it had no seat behind. 
This space was occupied by a large bo.x, in which were compartments for provender 
for the horse in case of need, for wraps, register books, bags containing books and 
papers to be consulted on antiquarian and other matters, and for collections of 
relics as they might happen to come to hand, all arranged with that precise regard 
to order which was so characteristic of the owner. His horse — and he had but 
two during the twenty \-ears that wc were acquainted with him — was selected more 
for security and strength than for speed ; but it can hardly be affirmed that he 
was as good a judge of horses as of men ; for the animals — they were both of a 
piece — were neither graceful in form nor very tractable in disposition. One 
after the other they were petted and spoiled, and had sense enough to discover 
that they could take a good deal of their own wa\- ; and did take it, for their 
master was slow to apply the whip. Seated in his conveyance, well wrapped 
up from head to heel, he looked the very picture of comfort. When he urged 
his horse to his utmost speed, which was onl\- a slow jog-tiot, that might be 
called an amble but for the ungainliness of the motion ; his broad-rinmed felt 
hat, secured to a button-hole by an elastic string if there was a breath of wind 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. xli 

Stirring, nodded approving assent to every step the animal took ; but when the 
beast, which was ahvays on the out-look for a plausible excuse to decline this 
rapid rate of progression, slackened its pace, although the master usually re- 
cognised the justice of the excuse, the broad-brimmed hat ceased to accord its 
approval. 

Jervise, however, very seldom journeyed alone. If he could pick up any boy 
or other traveller likely to give him information, he never wanted a companion. 
Seen thus moving along the road, he put one very much in mind of the picture 
which the Rev. Sydney Smith draws of himself and his family in the pastoral 
conveyance which went the round of the Parish of Foston-le-Cla)', in Yorkshire. 

Prosecuting his official duties in this manner, he accomplished far more 
work than if he had made himself dependent on railways, coaches, or other 
means of conveyance. Not a moment of the time which he thus gained was 
spent in idleness. He visited and re-visited repeatedly every relic of antiquity 
in the parishes within his official district ; heard every legend and traditional 
story, and made himself acquainted with the pedigree, root and branch, of the 
several proprietors ; and had he lived to complete his work on " Epitaphs and 
Inscriptions " in the shape it latterly assumed, it is not too much to say that 
no part of the United Kingdom would have been more thoroughly examined, 
or more truthfully described, in its antiquarian aspect, than the North-Eastern 
Division of Scotland. 

For some time after his appointment as Examiner of Registers, Mr. Jervise 
seems to have given himself almost wholly to the duties of his new office. The 
materials which he had collected for another work on Angus and the Mearns 
were apparently permitted to lie over until he had made himself perfectly familiar 
with his official work. Even the Society of Antiquaries, to whose Transactions 
in 1856 he had, with the ardour of a young member, contributed papers amount- 
ing to no less than 65 pages of their printed Proceedings, had to be content for 
tlie next two years with a few brief notices of any new "finds" that came in his 
way. He was constantly pervaded by the feeling that the duties of his official 
position must take precedence of all other claims on his time and attention. 
Whatever he might be as an Antiquary, he must be still more as an Examiner 
of Registers. Such seemed to be his predominant feeling. 



xlii MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 

Thus passed the years 1856 and 1857. In the autumn of the latter year he 
lost one of his earliest and most valued friends, Alexander Laing, the Brechin 
poet, author of " Waj'side Flowers and other Poems," of whom his estimate was 
very high, and whose death he sincerely mourned.* As Jervise became more 
conversant with his official duties, his thoughts would naturally revert to his old 
pursuits ; and his leisure time, now of longer duration, was again fully employed 
in collecting new and arranging old materials for the work he had long pro- 
jected. He had possibly been getting impatient under the interruptions it had 
met with, when Dr. Stuart gave him practical advice in these words — " I hope 
}'ou will not hurr}' your ' Barons.' These works always require a deal of time to 
do them justice, and haste cuts you out of materials which are sure to come out 
when you are known to be at work." Mr. Jervise found this quite true — materials 
did come out, and in such abundance that his work ultimately assumed much 
larger dimensions than he had originally contemplated. 

At this time, Jervise was also in frequent correspondence with Mr. Cosmo 
Innes, who very readily obliged him by lending books and imparting information, 
as did David Laing, Esq., LL.D., of the Signet Library, and the pious and learned 
Bishop Forbes of Brechin. But it was to Dr. Joseph Robertson that he mainly 
applied when he was at a loss for information. That most learned of all our 
Scottish antiquaries — and there was a galaxy of them then — with characteristic 
generosity put at Jervise's service his wonderful stores of archaeological knowledge ; 
and he was consulted on all manner of subjects, personal, official, and especially 
antiquarian, up to the time of his lamented death. 

Though not published till three years after, Jervise's new work, as we learn 
from an incidental remark of his own, in a lecture he publicly delivered on the 

* At the time there appeared, for circulation among Laing's numerous admirers, a highly 
appreciative notice of his hfe and works. Although no name was attached to it, it was well known 
to be from the pen of Mr. Jervise, who, two years afterwards, in a speech at the Burns Cen- 
tenary Dinner at Brechin, thus refers to him — "All of you know that it was but lately that the 
remorseless hand of death removed him from amongst us ; still, while we deeply deplore his loss 
as a poet, and those of us who had the honour of knowing him personally as a friend, we can- 
not but rejoice to know that his little volume of ' Wayside Flowers ' has passed through no 
fewer than three large editions in the course of a very few years." 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



" History and Antiquities of the Mearns," was in the press by the spring of 
1858. The volume, as the author informs us in the preface, "was at first in- 
tended merely to embrace comparatively short accounts of persons and places, 
and a history of the period of the interregnum" — in short, the Barons of Angus 
and the Mearns, and their seats. The barons were those whose names appear 
on the Ragman Roll, i.e., those who swore allegiance to Edward I. of England 
prior to 1303. Of course they comprised almost the entire body of the Angus 
and Mearns gentry of the time. Starting with this list of names, the author 
gives a history of each family, gleaned from every source accessible to him. 
This was probably the original foundation of the work, though it does not appear 
first in the book as published. No one, who has not been engaged in some 
similar investigation, can have any idea of the patient research involved in a 
collection of such family histories. But Mr. Jervise had just the qualifications 
necessary for it, and he now had opportunities of reaching documents accessible 
to almost no other. The valuable antiquarian library at Aldbar, and the rich 
stores of family and other MSS. at Panmure Castle, were placed at his service. 
But not to these alone did he confine his search, nor did they constitute the 
only sources of his information. With a mind ever keenly on the watch for stray 
gleanings, and a notebook alwaj-s at hand to receive them, he suffered nothing 
to escape his notice, whether recorded on stone or parchment. The history of 
the " Barons " comprises parts III., IV., and V. of the work. Part I. gives an 
outline of the early History of Angus and Mearns. A history of the towns 
and castles visited by Edward I. in 1296, prepared with the same care, and 
executed on the same plan as the parts relating to the Barons, to which it is 
prefi.xed in the published volume — and which if not included in the original 
conception of the work had evidently been early fixed upon to form a part — ■ 
constitutes Part II. Then passing on to Part VI., we find historical notices of 
the Abbey of Cupar and Priory of Rostinoth, while Part VII. contains "notices 
historical and traditionary, of the clergy of Angus and the Mearns, who swore 
fealty to Edward I., A.D. 1296; of their churches and some of their successors; 
also of the Hospitallers, the ladies of deceased barons and others connected with 
these districts." 

On looking at the table of contents, it may appear to the reader that the 



xliv MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 

Ragman Roll of Angus and the Mearns forms the outline of a picture, the details 
and colouring of which Mr. Jervise did his best, with infinite labour and care, to 
fill in and complete. But a more intimate acquaintance with the work will 
satisfy him that the Ragman Roll has supplied only texts to which the author 
has attached elaborate sermons. And he will perhaps come also to the conclu- 
sion that the texts are not quite worthy of the sermons. They certainly afford 
scope for attaching to them any amount of antiquarian materials, and a very 
surprising amount has in this work been attached to them. Yet, it is with a 
feeling of disappointment that one rises from a perusal of the volume. It is 
fragmentary in character, and stiff in diction. And, withal, it is unphilosophical. 
A more ambitious work than " The Land of the Lindsays," it, nevertheless, did 
not fulfil the promise inspired by the earlier production. The author appears in 
no higher role than as a diligent, painstaking collector of specimens, which he 
has disposed in his cabinet in a certain order of his own, where each may be 
easily found by reference to this order, but to the position of which there is no 
scientific or philosophical guide. The work, in short, affords another illustration 
of the old adage — " Non oiiuies omnia possiiinits." Many pleas might be assigned 
for its shortcomings ; the pressure of official duties to which the author was 
new ; the constant influx of additional information at every stage in the progress 
of the work, and the incident of a long and depressing illness as it was ap- 
proaching completion ; but taking all this into account, it must be admitted that 
Jervise docs not combine, with the assiduity of a most painstaking antiquary, the 
skill and philosophy of an able historian. This much it may be necessary to 
say, lest those who turn to his works in a critical spirit should deem his merits 
over-rated. As a collector and recorder of antiquarian and historical facts, 
Jervise stands almost unrivalled, and to anything higher he did not aspire. Yet 
certain it is that when the genius appears who can write consecutively and philo- 
sophically the history of Angus and the Mearns, he need not travel be}-ond the 
confines of Jervise's volumes for the materials of his work. 

The "Memorials of Angus and the Mearns" was, after many delays, pub- 
lished in 1861 ; but for various reasons, some of which we have noticed, it did 
not prove so popular a work as " The Land of the Lindsays." It was natural 
that the author should estimate its value in proportion to the labour he had 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. xlv 

bestowed upon it ; and so judged it ought to stand much higher ; but, as he 
himself admits, the Barons of 1296 had but few representatives in 1861, and the 
interest in extinct families is too limited to awaken much desire to become ac- 
quainted with their history. By the few who had this interest, the volume, 
as well it might be, was highly valued. Among these was the Earl of Dal- 
housie, to whom the work was dedicated. Its publication had the effect of deep- 
ening the interest which his Lordship already took in the author, and of inducing 
him to ask his assistance in filing and arranging the family papers in Panmure 
Castle. Lord Lindsay also, who, as he had previously done on the publication of 
" The Land of the Lindsays," paid for his subscription copies of the work in a 
characteristically munificent fashion, expressed his warm interest in the book. 

The literary and antiquarian labours in which Mr. Jervise engaged after the 
completion of the "Memorials" were of a varied character. In 1862 he con- 
tributed three papers to the Antiquarian Society — one on Earl's Hall, Fifeshire ; 
one on the Pict's House at Corran ; and a valuable one on " Inscriptions on Old 
Buildings." Much of his leisure must, however, have been given to his corre- 
spondence on strictly antiquarian subjects, which was at this time very volumi- 
nous. The Bishop of Brechin was engaged in the preparation of the " Kalendars 
of Scottish Saints," and trusted mainly to Mr. Jervise for many particulars re- 
garding them, especially local legends and traditions. Sir James Y. Simpson 
was indefatigably prosecuting his inquiries regarding stone monuments and in- 
scriptions, and laid on him the labour of giving descriptions and making sketches 
of all that came under his notice in the wide district he now annually traversed. 
Dr. Stuart also laid him under heavy contributions to the " Big Beuk," as he 
termed " The Sculptured Stones of Scotland." To Jervise all these were labours 
of love ; and while he took no little pride in being thus employed by these 
leading authorities in archseology, their letters show how highly they valued his 
services. Far from treating him as an antiquarian hack, they communicated with 
him in terms of familiar friendship ; and while they put entire confidence in his 
judgment and accuracy, they consulted him as one whose opinion was worth having 
on all points of antiquarian interest that fell within his range. To Volume V. 
of the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries, Jervise contributed five papers, 
the subjects being " A Cist at Arbroath," " The Cemetery of St. John Baptist at 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



Hospital Field," " Note on Weem at Culsh, near Tarland," " Note on Weem at 
Migvie," and " Note on Airlie Antiquities." In the following year he contributed 
articles to the Hurley Hakin Antiquities ; and on the discovery of a circular 
group of cinerary urns and human bones at Westwood, near Newport. But he 
had now, in a great measure, returned to his first love — " his graveyard diggings," 
as he was wont to call them. In the wide district allotted to him as Examiner 
of Registers, he had a splendid opportunity of indulging this taste, and he took 
the fullest advantage of it. 

It is evident that up to this time Jervise had not fully grasped the concep- 
tion in accordance with which his " Magnum Opus," as he afterwards fondly 
styled his " Epitaphs and Inscriptions," was ultimately shaped. The collection 
of curious and quaint inscriptions and epitaphs seems still to have been the pre- 
dominating idea. And for this purpose, not only did he examine every churchyaid 
in his district ; he also diligently collected pubhshed works bearing on the subject 
until he had gathered together a small library of thirty-two volumes, exclusively 
devoted to epitaphs and inscriptions — a collection rarely equalled we imagine in 
private hands at least. As one result of his gleanings about this period, he pub- 
lished a brochure in 1864, titled " Inscriptions from the Burial-Grounds of 
Brechin and Magdalene Chapel." This small publication, which was a reprint 
from the Brechin Advertiser, included " lists of the donations to the poor ; curi- 
ous signboards; popular local rhymes, &c. ;" and a Prefatory Note informed the 
reader that, " should leisure permit, a Selection of Epitaphs — many of them older 
and much more curious than those in this pamphlet — may be given to the public 
at some after period. Besides Epitaphs from all the Burial-places in Angus and 
the Mearns, the proposed Collection will include the more curious and interesting 
in the North East of Scotland, as well as Inscriptions from Castles and Bridges, 
Local Rhymes, &c." 

In this Note we have, expressed in a general way, the territorial scope, so 
to speak, of the work now contemplated by Jervise. But important as that 
might be in one sense, it related rather to what was merely external or acci- 
dental than to that which was essential in the character of the undertaking. " I 
wish some of our genealogists could be induced to do for England what you 
have done for Scotland," wrote Dr. Howard, honorary editor of the AlisceUaiKEa 



MEMOIR OF THE A UTHOR. xlvii 



Genealogica, subsequently to the publication of Volume I. of " Epitaphs and In- 
scriptions." " The monumental inscriptions in our churchyards are rapidly disap- 
pearing. People seem to forget that the democracy of one century become the 
aristocracy of the next." The idea of laying the foundations of history broadly 
and securely, by taking up the parishes systematically in detail, narrating the out- 
standing ecclesiastical facts first, and then using the churchyard epitaphs and 
general inscriptions as pegs on which to hang the chronicles of human life and 
action relating to each localit}', was only gradually evolved in its completeness. 
And yet it is the central, and by far the most valuable principle of the work. 
Substantially the same idea regulated the compilation of " The Land of the 
Lindsa)-s," and so far of the " Memorials" also, the difference being that, as ulti- 
mately expanded and wrought out, it became at once of living personal interest 
to a large part of the community ; whereas the earlier works were of interest 
chiefly to antiquaries and the representatives of old families. 

It was in 1868 that Jervise conclusively determined to publish a volume of 
the Epitaphs and Inscriptions that he had collected. The papers in their first 
rough cast appeared in the Montrose Standard, the author's intention being to 
reprint from the newspaper type. When, however, about twelve sheets had been 
thus prepared, it became evident from the amount of additional information of 
value flowing in upon him from many quarters where his previous writings had 
made his name known, that his first design was not sufficiently comprehensive. 
He therefore cancelled those sheets, and recommenced on a new and enlarged 
plan. Some twelve months had been spent in preparing materials and " copy" for 
the printer with the view first adopted. And when he mentioned the whole cir- 
cumstances, including the cancelling of the sheets, to one who had taken a warm 
interest in the work, but had withheld his approval from the original plan, his 
friend replied, " Well, whether the thing you have done is wise or not, I'm sorry 
for the loss it must have caused you ;" to which Jervise's characteristic reply 
was, " Oh, never mind ; you have some part of the blame of it yourself. Sir. 
However, it '11 no brak' me." In writing to his friend, Mr. James Rettie, Aberdeen, 
some years after, he thus quaintly refers to these cancelled sheets : — " I was at a 
queer job yesterday. Having some little time on hand, I sent all the cancels of 
last volume, also the MSS. of it, to the paper mill, and spent tlirce precious hours 



xWiii MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



putting these vwiiiiuiciits into oblivion ! I may, as well as you, be writing upon 
the same paper some day. Who knows ? I wish I could find it in my heart to 
do ditto with a host of other stuff which I feel sure I '11 never live to utilize." 

Jervise may therefore be said to have begun to prepare for the actual 
publication of the first volume of " Epitaphs and Inscriptions" only about the 
month of Ma)-, 1869. From that date its progress was steady though very slow. 
The author acted on the advice of Dr. Stuart, already recorded, not to hurry ; 
and the prediction that information would come to him as the work went on 
was fully verified. He had by this time become so well known and recognised 
over a wide region as the leading authority on family genealogies, that all those 
who had suggestions to make, or information to supply, were ready to communi- 
cate with him, and in not a few cases even eagerly desirous of doing so. 

The information thus supplied he subjected to the test of the enormous 
amount of facts regarding families and individuals with which his memorj' was 
now stored, or of which he had previous notes. Some of it he rejected as the pro- 
duct of human vanity ; some he consigned to the pale of legend and tradition ; 
but much of it he adopted as authenticated history ; and those who have had an 
opportunity of forming an opinion of his decisions on these matters will admit 
that they were singularly enlightened and judicious. So punctilious was he in 
regard to matters of fact that it was no unusual thing with him to retain a 
proof sheet for weeks or even months, till he had inquired at all likely sources 
of information regarding its accuracy. A single instance may be given as an 
illustration of what happened in many other cases : — An article on the parish of 
Glengairn, in Aberdeenshire, was intended for the first volume. When the notice 
originally appeared, copies of the newspaper containing it were sent to several 
individuals likely to be possessed of accurate local knowledge of the parish. 
New and interesting information was supplied, to which he gave effect in a re- 
cast of the article. The new proofs he docqueted to be brought with him when 
he paid his next official visit to the parish. Meantime his correspondents, set 
upon the outlook for information, had been able to correct some of what they 
had formerly supplied, and to add not a little new matter. To verify these par- 
ticulars by personal observation entailed a delay of nearly a whole year. At 
his next annual visit to the parish, he discovered that several other corrections 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. xlix 

and additions required to be made. One of the latter was of such a nature that 
he desired to examine for himself some overlooked inscriptions situated in a 
remote part of the parish many miles out of his usual course ; and for the 
time required for this detour he had that year made no provision. It must, 
therefore, wait still another year. When official duty again brought him to the 
locality, he arranged for time to make an inspection of the inscriptions. As 
the journey was not without a certain amount of characteristic adventure, we 
give an account of it in the words of a friend who accompanied him : — 

" Our projected excursion was far too long for the capabilities of Mr. 
Jervisc's own steed and conveyance. We accordingly hired a four-wheeled 
dog-cart. On my suggesting that a lighter conveyance would be more suit- 
able for the road, as some parts of it were very steep, Mr. Jervise, with a 
knowing expression of countenance, answered, ' Na, na ; tak' vny advice — never 
trust yourself above only two wheels when the horse is hired.' Soon after I 
heard him exacting from the hotel-keeper a solemn promise that he would 
give us a sure-footed, strong-winded animal. Everything being now ready, we 
took the road ; and as long as our course lay over the level turnpike all 
went on well. But after a drive of ten miles our route lay over a moun- 
tain ridge almost at right angles to the turnpike. The road which conducted 
us in this direction was one of Marshal Wade's planning. The Marshal was 
a great road engineer in his day and generation. The principle on which he 
invariably acted in planning a road was the mathematical one — that a straight 
line is the shortest distance from any one point to any other. Disregarding 
the inequalities of the earth's surface, his lines of road, where possible, alwaj-s 
took the shortest distance, and as there were no cuttings and no embank- 
ments, the ascents and descents were frequent and steep. We were not long 
in experiencing the inconvenience of these. Our steed had onl}- half sur- 
mounted the first acclivity when he declined the remainder of it with such 
headstrong determination that we very narrowly escaped an accident. By the 
aid of a little timely coaxing, we were allowed to alight ; and by putting our 
shoulders to the wheels we deceived the brute into the belief that he was' re- 
lieved of all encumbrances. We then walked on before for some distance, 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



leaving the driver, who had got a bit of Jervise's mind for behoof of himself 
and his master for giving us such an animal, to bring up the rear as he best 
could. Congratulating ourselves on our escape, Jervise remarked, ' You see 
now the use of four wheels ; had there been only two behind that brute when 
he set in the brae, he would have tossed us down the hillside, and we would 
probably have got our necks broken.' There was truth in the observation ; and 
I complimented my friend on his precautionary measures. The incline was long 
and steep, and when we had gained the top we were fain to await the arrival of 
the conveyance. As we were about to remount, it was discovered that a travelling 
rug had been dropped somewhere. Had we been travelling in his own convey- 
ance such an accident would have been impossible, as it contained compartments 
for the safe custody of all such articles, and they were always carefully put in 
their right places. This was one of the inconveniences of hiring ; he could not 
get secure places for his iinficdiinen/a. Jervise was not much of a pedestrian, and 
I volunteered to go in search of the missing rug. On recovering it I was struck 
with its costliness, and returned it to its owner with the remark, ' I don't wonder 
that }'ou were anxious about that rug ; for it is a very handsome one.' ' Ay, 
you may well say so,' said he, ' I would not have lost it for something ; it is a 
gift from Lady Christian Maule.' We had yet a long way before us ; and ere 
we gained the ridge of the hill, the sky became clouded, and a perfect hurricane, 
mixed with drifting sleet, was down upon us. One sudden gust sent my hat 
fl)'ing over the heather, while Jervise's, more secure, moored to his button-hole, 
only danced off his head into his lap. He heartily enjoyed my scamper over the 
moor in pursuit of my fugitive property. I could not help thinking that his en- 
joyment partook a little of that satisfaction that one is apt to feel in a signal 
display of superior wisdom. Be that as it ma)', I admired the cann}' Scotch 
foresight with which he had armed himself against all untoward eventualities. 

" We speedily descended the steep hillside, and drew up at an old mansion- 
house, now tenanted by an aged gamekeeper. The building took Mr. Jervise's 
fancy very much ; he would have liked to sketch it. ' It is,' said he, ' one of the 
most characteristic samples of a laird's house of the last century I have ever 
seen.' But instead of making a sketch of it, he spent every available moment 
at his command in searching for a date or other inscription to indicate the period 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



of its erection. The examination of the mansion was not, however, the object 
we had in view, but that of the family burying-ground, called an aisle, and situ- 
ated on a low hillside, about a mile distant. To reach this, we had to traverse 
some rough ground, climb several stone, dykes, and, lastly, find our way over 
the containing wall. There was an iron gateway ; but no key had been in the 
lock of it for half a century ; and no one knew where the key, if in existence, was 
to be found. The kind-hearted and hospitable gamekeeper, therefore, shouldered 
a ladder wherewith to scale the walls. Arrived in front of these, he applied the 
ladder and mounted to the top. Jervise followed and stepped on to the coping- 
stone, where he had to balance himself till the ladder was drawn up and planted 
on the other side. He then descended, and found himself within the enclosure. 
By a repetition of the same process, I also gained the interior, and the game- 
keeper followed. Jervise was now in his element. The inscriptions, some of 
which were very much decayed, were carefully copied ; and the gamekeeper's 
knowledge of facts and traditions regarding the old family being duly noted, we 
set out on our return journe\-. On our way we tried to connect together the 
various items of information we had got ; but there were several links wanting 
to complete a detailed account of the families commemorated. ' I will write to 
Colonel iVI'D.,' said Jervise, ' and I think he will throw some light on these 
matters.' Some months after he wrote me that he had received from Colonel 
M"D. information which explained most things connected with the families com- 
memorated on the tombstones in the R Aisle." 

We have recorded the foregoing at some length as a sample of the trouble 
and expense which Mr. Jervise was in the way of putting himself to in order to 
obtain the fullest and most accurate information regarding the history of families 
brought under his observation by graveyard inscriptions or epitaphs. To those 
who knew how little Jervise, in his later years, was adapted constitutionally for 
roughing it in the manner above narrated, it will be abundantly evident how 
ardent must have been his desire to secure the most complete and accurate in- 
formation before he could bring himself to encounter such difficulties. 

All through the years 1869-74, Jervise went on working hard after the fashion 
indicated. But not exclusively to the Epitaphs and Inscriptions did he confine 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



his attention. In addition to miscellaneous labours, literary and antiquarian, and 
a voluminous correspondence, much of his leisure time at Brechin was, during 
the earlier part of this period, occupied in the examination and filing of the 
Panmure papers. When he was preparing his " Memorials of Angus and the 
Mearns," Lord Dalhousie had given him free access to his charter room ; and it 
was while exercising this liberty that Jervise became impressed with the value 
of the Panmure papers as historical documents. In consequence of his represen- 
tations, earnestly urged, his Lordship resolved to have the papers thoroughly 
examined and regularly docqueted, and he at once entrusted the execution of 
the task to Jervise himself And no better proof could be given of the con- 
fidence reposed in him than the way in which Lord Dalhousie consulted his 
personal convenience in the work on which he was engaged. For in addition to 
access to the charter room, as required, his Lordship, with a measure of liberality 
and kind consideration that could hardly have been exceeded, gave instructions to 
have these valuable papers conveyed to his own house in Brechin, there to remain 
so long as they might be required. " The bearer hereof," writes his Lordship's fac- 
tor to Mr. Jervise, " will deliver to you ten tin boxes from the charter room at 
Panmure, along with a bunch of kej's for said boxes, so far as I have them. 
One of the boxes now sent I found I could not open ; so you must take means 
to do so." 

As the result of Jervise's examination of these papers, the year 1873 saw 
the commencement of a work in which he took a very keen and deep interest. 
He had discovered a collection of MSS., which he rightly judged were of great 
historical value. And he pressed upon Lord Dalhousie the desirability of having 
them competently edited and printed. It was some time before his Lordship 
would consent ; but at length Mr. Jervise had the satisfaction of learning that he 
had carried his point. The announcement, as related by Jervise himself, was 
made in a somewhat characteristic fashion. Happening to join Lord Dalhousie 
on a journey to I^dinburgh, a remark had been made as to the slow rate of 
progress of the train. " Ah, but you don't know Jervise what a weight it carries !" 
said his Lordship. "No, my Lord," said Jervise, "What does it carry?" "Why, 
Sir," replied the Earl, " the whole weight of the Registrum de Panmure is on the 
train. I have taken your advice, and I am on my way to place it in the hands 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. liii 



of Dr. Stuart." Jervise was naturally delighted to hear this ; for it was his strong 
opinion that the history of the Rebellion of 1715 would never be properly under- 
stood till the revelations made in these papers were taken into account. But the 
editing of them by Dr. Stuart was not a matter of mere satisfaction to him. He 
had to put his hand to the work in the shape of supplying information regarding 
a host of details. When the work was approaching completion, Dr. Stuart, who 
had kept himself in close correspondence with Jervise during its progress, wrote 
— " I am greatly obliged by your kind note, and notes on the Preface. I am 
glad to find that the latter pleases you, because no one has such a right to give 
an opinion ; and I have been working so long on it by myself that the over- 
hauling by you is quite a comfort."* Before the work was quite finished. Lord 
Dalhousie died (July 6th, 1874). He had interested himself much in its progress, 
but he did not live to see it completed. A man of marked ability and distinct 
literary tastes himself, his support had been readily accorded on all fit occasions to 
several of the more distinguished Scottish antiquaries of the time ; and in him Mr. 
Jervise lost his staunchest friend and his most influential patron. 

The first volume of ''Epitaphs and Inscriptions," on which Jervise had expended 
so much conscientious care and labour, was published in 1875. The reception it 
met was exceedingly favourable. In addition to highly commendatory notices in 
the leading Scotch newspapers, an appreciative critique appeared in the Sahd'day 
Rcvieiv. Soon after its publication the Earl of Crawford and Balcarres wrote to 
the author : — " I have read the introductory matter, and a good deal in many parts 
of the volume, with very great pleasure and interest. It seems to me that you 
have edited these curious and valuable sepulchral chronicles with as much felicity 
as could possibly be attained in regard to such work — throwing all due light 
upon the persons commemorated as regards themselves and the localities they 
belong to. I hope you will give us in due time the remainder of your Collection." 



* In a note to Mr. Jervise, dated August 5, 1874, Dr. Stuart refers to the completion of the work. 
At date of writing he was in the "dead thraw with the Preface and other little niceties." At 
the request of Lord Dalhousie's trustees, and for their information, he had sent in to the agent 
a statement of progress, cost, &c., of the Registrum, and he adds, " I also reminded him that 
Lord Dalhousie had employed you to arrange the papers — a work now in progress — and that 
you had been most serviceable." 



liv MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



But it is not given to man to enjoy unmixed happiness. And while all this, 
with the hearty congratulations of many literary and antiquarian friends on the 
undoubted success of his new volume, must have been highly pleasing to the author, 
one voice whose note of praise would have been specially gratifying to him became 
mute for ever about this very time. Perhaps none of Jervtse's friends had exercised 
a more powerful or beneficial influence upon him than Bishop Forbes of Brechin, 
and to none did he look up with equal respect. Their connection as literary and 
antiquarian correspondents has already been mentioned. But the intimacy was one 
of peculiar closeness. When the Bishop had written an article for one or other 
of the quarterlies on any antiquarian subject, it was his habit to submit the 
proof to Jervise for his suggestions and emendations. The readiness with which 
such emendations were approved and adopted is indicated by such expressions as 
these in the Bishop's letters — " One line to thank }-ou for your most valuable 
criticisms. They are all great improvements ; and I now think the article may 
fairly pass muster ;" or again, " I hope you will add anything that suggests it- 
self to }'ou, in order to make it more interesting." The Bishop took his advice 
and opinion on all local archaeological points. When he would go away in the 
company of a friend, and " with a black neckcloth on," for a week of quiet holi- 
day exploration, and desiring to be unknown in unvisited local parts, it is Jervise 
he asks to chalk out his route for him ; and to him in another connection 
and at another time he relates how he had travelled sixty miles with a gentleman, 
previously one of his dearest friends, " without recognising him," on account of 
his scandalous marital behaviour ; " a thing very uncommon with me, who am 
given to be tender to sinners, especially when their backs are at the wall," adds 
the Bishop ; only in this instance his righteous indignation had been too strongly 
roused to admit of any softer feeling having place. And on his part Jervise in- 
variably spoke and wrote of the Bishop, as. not less an ornament to Christi- 
anity than to literature and archeology. It is, therefore, with a feeling of very 
peculiar interest that we find the worthy Bishop, at a date considerably earlier 
than that of the letter just referred to, pained by the thought that there was 
something in his friend's attitude of seeming indifference toward certain of the 
ordinances of religion, which interposed a barrier to that thorough community of 
sentiment which he desired to exist between them ; and that the sense of duty 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



in the matter has gained in strength till he is at last constrained to write directly 
to him on the subject. Nothing could be more gentlemanly or more Christian than 
the terms in which he does so, as his letter, which may here be given, will show : — 

My dear Mr. Jervise, 

I am going to ask you to do me a favour ; and that is to accept the little volume 
that accompanies this. 

I wish I could say all that I feel of regard and respect for you ; but that very regard and 
respect makes me feel very strongly that we are not at one on the most iinportant of all sub- 
jects — that which concerns our immortal welfare in the world of spirits. 

I can well understand that the aspect of the clashing sects in Scotland, and the consequent 
low tone of religious life, might well disgust a mind such as yours. But, on the other hand, 
surely we are not to take Christianity only as it is e.\hibited in the few who surround us. Surely 
what has been of such use on earth so long, must have a Divine original and mission ; and if 
so, surely we should follow it studiously. I do not judge any man, except those over whom I 
am placed ; but I cannot think that a life that ignores the Word and Sacraments can be a 
complete one. You are too good and too wise to act from thoughtlessness. I should not, on 
the other hand, like to think that you had deliberately determined against them. 

Will you pardon this too plain speaking. I do it, as you well know, from the esteem and 
friendship which I have so long entertained for you, and which has been such a pleasant in- 
gredient in my life in this uncongenial town. 

Believe me. 

Most truly yours, 

ALEX. FORBES, 

Bishop of Brechin. 
Dundee, Feb. 18/73. 

We are unable to give the terms in which Jervise replied to the very serious 
and faithful counsels of the Bishop ; but one thing at least is certain, that, so far 
from regarding the letter as cause of offence, or allowing it to alienate his affec- 
tions from the writer, his regard and respect for Bishop Forbes only became 
deeper and more sincere as time went on. And while the conduct of the 
Bishop reflects the highest credit on his character as a Christian minister, the 
delicacy of his feeling as a gentleman is equally suggested by what directly 
follows. For, as if afraid that what he had said might after all be construed 
as savouring of priestly arrogance, he hastens in the very next note to give Jervise 



Ivi MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 

a cordial invitation to dinner. In some of his subsequent letters, the Bishop, 
without again referring directly to the subject on which he had spoken so point- 
edly, brings the deeper question of personal religion indirectly under the consider- 
ation of his correspondent by allusions to what he considered his own duty in 
respect to that solemn matter. And while Jervise's habitually reticent habit of 
mind would not have admitted of his disclosing to any one what impression Bishop 
Forbes's counsels had produced upon him, some of his more intimate friends did 
not fail to mark in his later daj-s an increased respect for religious ordinances, 
both in his letters and conversation. When the Bishop closed his earthly 
career, on 8th October, 1875, Jervise mourned his death with deeper feeling than 
was due to a mere literary friend ; and in writing thereafter to Mr. James Rettie, 
on December 2nd, 1875, he says : — 

I was much gratified by receiving a note the day before last from one of the executors of 
my late excellent friend the Bishop of Brechin, informing me that a memorandum had been found 
among the Bishop's papers, in his own hand, by which he leaves me as a souvenir of his friend- 
ship, Palgrave's History of Normandy, a line head of Dante, and a drawing of his own church 
of St. Paul's, Dundee. 

You will guess better than I can tell you how deeply I feel this very kind remembrance of 
the good Bishop, and how deeply I shall cherish it. Nothing could have been more appropri- 
ate or more considerate. What a noble type he was ; and how sorely I shall miss him when 
I revisit Dundee (if I am spared to do so)! 

Letters to others show that as the time came statedly round for subsequent 
official visits to Dundee, the feeling of loss was always as keenly realised as it 
had been here anticipated would be the case. 

The issue of Volume I. of " Epitaphs and Inscriptions" was limited to 250 
copies, which were rapidly taken up, though the subscription price for ordinary 
copies was as high as 32s. ; and before it had been a couple of years pub- 
lished, the Volume had been sold at ^^4, and even ^5 and upwards. The work was 
inscribed " to the memory of three departed friends — Patrick Chalmers of Aldbar, 
Esquire, Joseph Robertson, LL.D., and Professor Cosmo Innes — by the Author ;" 
and in his notice in the body of the work of the graveyard of Leochel-Cushnie, 
where Dr. Robertson's father and mother lie buried, he takes occasion to pay a 
full and touching tribute to the memory of that eminent Scottish antiquary. 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. Ivii 

Soon after the publication of the volume, Jervise made arrangements for going 
on with Volume II. The first of the draft papers appeared in the columns of 
the Aberdeen Free Press, on 20th March, 1876, others following in regular succes- 
sion at the rate of one per week. A running Note was prefixed under the title of 
the papers inviting corrections and fresh information, as had been the case latterly 
with the previous series, and so widely had the author's purpose become known by 
this time that the number of private communications sent him in response to his 
invitation was very considerable indeed. The really useful new material thus ob- 
tained, though occasionally important, did not bulk largely. Extensive additions 
and alterations were, however, made by himself before re-setting the types for 
final publication. Writing to his friend and fellow antiquary, A. Laing, Esq., 
LL.D., of Newburgh, Fife, author of the "History of Lindores Abbey," on March 6, 
1876, he says, " I am busy as a button-maker preparing copy for the printer, of 
my next volume, and hope to have proofs of the first part of it this week. It 
will be entirely confined to the N.E. I mean to give 'The Kingdom' a Volume 
to itself But when ?" From the date mentioned the work went steadily, if slowly, 
on till, by the death of the author, it could no longer have the advantage of his 
supervision. The duty of seeing the remaining sheets through the press fell upon 
Mr. James Anderson, M.A. And it is not out of place here to say that, if some- 
what less complete as they stand than Mr. Jervise would have made them had 
he been spared to see the work issued to the public, the whole of the papers, 
for the latter part of the present volume, were fully arranged and in a very ad- 
vanced state of preparation ; a large amount of less fully digested material having 
also been collected for the two volumes that the author had meant to follow. 

From the outlines now given, a fairly just idea will, it is hoped, be obtained of 
both the extent of Andrew Jervise's literary work and his method of working. But 
a very imperfect picture of his life in this phase of it would be presented if we 
failed to make note of what may be styled his miscellaneous literary and archae- 
ological employments. In addition to continuous correspondence with his fellow 
antiquaries, he had a host of other correspondents who sought information and 
advice, or assistance, on all manner of subjects. One day he is consulted by a 
landed proprietor as to the wills and charters, or the genealogy, of his family ; the 
next a burgh official seeks to have his opinion on the merits of a certain alleged 



Iviii MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



burghal right of obscure origin ; and another civic official anon desires him to 
relieve his mind of perplexity as to the authorship of the couplet :— 

My name it is little Jock Elliot, 

And wha daur meddle wi me ? 

Clergymen apply to him for information regarding old tiends and the like (at 
times also a member of the cloth seeks a judicious hint concerning an eligible 
vacant charge) ; and ecclesiastical historians ask for excerpts from Records of 
Synods, Presbyteries, and Kirk-Sessions. A gentleman of Scotch extraction writes 
him from New York, requesting to be kindly furnished with a history of his an- 
cestors ; and not a few nearer home ply him diligently for aid in making out 
family pedigrees from materials that are scanty in amount, and more or less 
mythical in character. Nor is this all in the same line of investigation ; for in 
at least one instance his genealogical skill is actually desired to be put to the test 
of instituting a formal inquiry to establish the doctrine that no animal of the 
black polled breed of cattle can have a pure pedigree; his ingenious friend in this 
case being, of course, interested in the cultivation of a different breed ! His cor- 
respondents, moreover, were as widely different in rank as the subjects of their 
inquiries were varied in character, ranging from the Archbishop of Canterbury to 
John Milne, "the poet of Livet's Glen;" and while he could not fail to enjoy a 
quiet chuckle over the samples of egregious personal vanity that were occasion- 
ally thrust before him ; or to be provoked to the utterance of a caustic remark 
upon the unconscionable coolness with which, for frivolous purposes, or to serve 
some purely private end, he was at times asked to give gratuitous service, costing 
no little labour, and where not the slightest obligation on his part had been 
incurred, his patient courtesy and readiness to oblige, as unmistakeably evidenced 
by his general correspondence, were equally manifested to all, unless very strong 
reasons to the contrary existed. 

But there were yet other claims upon his time and service. We find the 
Directors of the Ordnance Survey repeatedly consulting him in detail concerning 
sites of ancient castles, boundaries, and other topographical particulars in the dis- 
tricts which he had so distinctively made his own. A certain class of publishers 
and aspirant authors availed themselves of his sources of special and exclusive in- 
formation with great freedom ; and though he could on fit occasion keenly resent 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. Ux 

and unhesitatingly denounce anything that looked to him like an attempt at 
literary piracy, or the like, he did not readily get restive under their occasion- 
ally rather exorbitant requests and exactions. " The Picturesque Guide to 
Scotland," issued by Messrs. A. & C. Black, Edinburgh, who had published his 
" Angus and Mearns," was, by arrangement, repeatedly revised by him in the parts 
with which he was specially conversant, including Forfar and Aberdeen shires ; and 
it was no perfunctory revision, for he made very considerable additions and emen- 
dations. And it is a somewhat singular circumstance, and one not unworthy of 
notice here, that, though he left in MS. very complete notes on the antiquities of 
his native county, articles on Forfarshire and the town of Forfar prepared by him 
for that firm's great work, the EncyclopcEdia Brittanica, were lost to the public ; 
in the first instance through their reaching the publishers too late for the eighth 
edition (issued 1852-60) ; and next through his own death having occurred 
before the ninth edition had reached the stage at which they were required, 
though Messrs. Black had intimated to him their desire that he should have 
them revised and in readiness for it. 

The leading consideration with Jervise in his communications, whether for 
purely private or more general purposes, always was the probability of the in- 
formation asked serving useful ends. Satisfied of that, he grudged no trouble, 
and exhibited no churlishness, in supplying all he could, by almost whomso- 
ever asked. A distant correspondent whom he had never seen, and who admits 
that he had no claim upon him, closes his concluding communication by very 
courteously apologising for troubling him with so many merely personal details ; 
and he adds, " I can only plead on my behalf the great kindness which per- 
vades your letters, and the impression which I have formed that you sympathise 
with me in my wishes, and would willingly assist me to the extent of your 
power in their accomplishment." And this is the feeling that very generally pre- 
vailed among his correspondents. On Jervise's part, the animating sentiment, 
especially where his correspondent had any shade of the antiquary in him, was 
fairly expressed in the words he addressed to another, who had also written him 
apologetically : — " You need not apologise for asking me for anything. It is a 
real pleasure to me when I am able to give a hint or do anything for the 
' craft,' although the most I can do is but a drop at best." In giving informa- 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



tion he never affected the pompously authoritative style ; but spoke simply as 
one willing to be useful to the extent of his knowledge ; and equally willing where 
he felt it right to do so to j'ield his opinion to those better qualified to speak. In 
replying, for example, to a Dundee correspondent, who had consulted him as to 
the proper arms for a certain shield, he first gives his opinion plainly, and then 
adds, " but I am quite sure you will get much more valuable information upon 
the subject nearer your own door, viz., from either Bishop Forbes or Rev. Mr. 
Lingard Guthrie, both of whom are 'superior heralds,' so to speak;" and similar 
instances were of common occurrence. And while thus ready to communicate 
of his stores for all legitimate ends, Jervise was no inappreciative or ungrateful 
recipient of any useful information that might be communicated to him. Gather- 
ing from all available sources, he accepted it readily if suitable for his purposes 
and to be relied upon ; and it was by pure oversight alone if he in any case failed 
fully and frankly to acknowledge his obligation for what he received from others. 
From the date of his appointment as Examiner till the end, Mr. Jervise may 
be said to have been comparatively little off his official beat. His untiring in- 
dustry in the prosecution of his favourite studies so filled up his spare weeks at 
Brechin, that long holiday tours were of very infrequent occurrence. In 1857 he 
made " a jaunt from Edinburgh to London and some other parts of England," and 
with his wonted desire to turn his observations to useful account, was at pains to 
write out in the form of " Random Letters" full notes of what chiefly attrac- 
ted his attention. In 1858, in addition to his own official work, he acted as 
Examiner of Registers for the counties of Argyle and Bute, the Examiner of 
that District being unable to perform the duties, and was gratified at the oppor- 
tunity thus obtained of gaining a knowledge of the topography and archaeology of 
that region ; and in the early summer of 1877, we find him visiting Paris, where 
the spirit of the artist seems to have been somewhat strongly revived within him. 
It may have been in part the recollection of his own aspirations and endeavours 
in the province of art that made him look with such keen interest on the French 
art students he saw at work. At any rate their facility in drawing struck him 
greatly — " It was quite a treat," he wrote and said, " to see how mere boys 
of the humblest ranks in society could copy a painting in the Picture Galleries." 
What he saw convinced him that in this country such studies are not begun 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. Ixi 



sufficiently early ; and he was quite ready, in regard to this and several other 
matters, to subscribe to the dictum that " they manage these things better in 
France." Altogether Paris, and its varied sights, pleased him much ; and in nar- 
rating some of the incidents of his visit and return, he writes : — 

I bought some books, as usual ; bargains, I think. In London, ditto, and among the latter 
six or eight original wood engravings (some large) of Albert Durer ; and one at least of the 
greater part of the most illustrious of his successors down to the present time— one quite in my 
eyes a gem and a treasure. Whether it will be looked upon as such at the roup (when the day 
comes, and come it must) is another story ; and I hope I '11 not see the result. 

On his return from Paris, Mr. Jervise again entered on his official duties and 
antiquarian labours with renewed vigour. His holiday had braced him for work 
for the time at least, and he at once resumed his old habits of steady unremit- 
ting application. Before many weeks had passed he was called upon to mourn 
the loss of another distinguished and valued friend, whose unexpected decease, 
as several of his letters show, made a deep impression upon him. After a brief 
illness Dr. John Stuart, of the General Register House, Edinburgh, with whom 
he had been so much associated in important antiquarian and literary work, died 
at Ambleside, on 19th July, 1877. Jervise received the melancholy intelligence, 
while in Buchan on official dut}% without being in the least prepared for it ; and 
writing under date '" Strichen, 22nd July," to Mr. James Rettie, he says : — 

Is not this sad news about poor Dr. Stuart ? I wrote him this day week, and hoped to 
have heard from him on Thursday ; but, alas ! the cause of delay has been of such a nature 
as no one could have anticipated, and such as may be the fate of any of us to-morrow. He 
is the last of those good men — Cosmo Innes, and Joseph Robertson, &c. — that I used to meet 
at Mr. Patrick Chalmers's of Aldbar. Mr. Chalmers was the first to depart himself ; and now 
(including Billings) they are all gone. Mr. Worsaae, the Dane, is the only man of kindred spirit 
that I met there, who is now alive, and him I only saw once. 

In referring to the same subject a few days later, in a note to Dr. Laing, he 
adds : — 

The last time I saw Dr. Stuart was on my return from Paris. He did not feel well. Our 
long intimacy allowed him to speak over matters to me pretty freely. . . . However, 
he is now away, and others must follow ; but I question very much if any one contemporary 
name will live so long as his, whether viewed in the light of a thoroughly honest worker, or as 
one that was ready to assist when asked by kindred spirits. My present resting-place is much 



Ixii MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 

too distant from Edinburgh for me to think of attending his funeral ; but I know this, that there 
will be no one there that has a greater respect for his memory, and few that knew more of him 
— thirty odd years is a long time to be acquainted. 

It was to be the last official year for Jervise himself; and it was now well 
within the twelve months when his own time should come. According to his annual 
custom, he finished his work in the northern rural parishes early in August ; and 
then, after a short breathing time in Brechin, had gone on with his autumn 
examination in the landward parishes of Fifeshire and elsewhere. When 1878 
has just opened, he states that he had finished his year's official work " on the 
last Friday of the year," so that he had not had much leisure to do anything at 
the literary work he had chiefly at heart. " But as the printers are close upon 
me," he adds, " it will take every spare moment while here to prepare MS. for 
them. Being so much from home and books. I am at a great disadvantage, and 
the work must necessarily suffer." This is written from Brechin to Dr. Laing, 
and dated 7th January. On loth February he is again " at work," as he tells 
Mr. Rettie, and will be so in the locality of Brechin till the end of the succeed- 
ing week. And referring to the " absurdly high price" fetched by a copy of his 
"Epitaphs" recently sold, he says — "when I get through with what I have in 
hand (if I live to do so), I half intend to reprint the first Volume to the extent 
of 200 copies, so as to allow the set to be made up." By the beginning of 
March he was in Dundee, and almost immediately was seized with a depressing 
influenza cold, against which a physical frame, the vital power of which had been 
reduced by repeated attacks of rheumatic fever, could ill bear up, and which con- 
fined him to his lodgings for ten days. Having got over the attack, though his 
strength was by no means very perfectly recovered, he went on persistently with 
his official work, and had completed his examination of the Registrars' books in 
the town districts, when his illness returned and in a more serious form. When the 
grave nature of the attack was seen, the services of both Dr. Maclagan, Dundee, 
and of his own physician, Dr. Mackie of Brechin, were obtained ; but after a few 
days' suffering, he died on 12th April, 1878, the cause of death being disease of 
the heart. 

Our task in the preparation of this brief Memoir is now completed ; and it 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. Ixiii 

only remains in a few sentences to advert very generally to some of the out- 
standing features in the life of which we have endeavoured to give an outline. 
In one, and a very real sense the materials for a biographical notice of Andrew 
Jervise arc but scanty. His early history, distinctive enough in a way, formed 
after all but an individual item in 

The short and simple annals of the poor, 

which in the aggregate constitute no bulky record ; and at no period of his life does 
he seem to have kept copies of his letters to others. These, in his maturer years, 
were prevailingly on subjects of general antiquarian interest, and but rarely in- 
deed bore on his personal history or personal experiences in other than a quite 
incidental way. And it is a fact to be regretted that while carefully and impar- 
tially filing up the letters of others, whatever their tenor as affecting his own 
opinions or feelings might be, he appears to have systematically destroyed such 
of his own old letters as came into his possession. And thus when, after the 
death of Alexander Laing, all the poet's papers were given over to him to sift 
and use at discretion, no part seems to have been more relentlessly consigned to 
the flames than the letters written by himself to his early friend and counsellor, 
at a time when the aspirations of youth would naturally have been finding their 
freest utterance, and in this way disclosing in a fresh and vivid manner the inner 
spirit of the man. Those who knew Mr. Jervise, on even the most intimate foot- 
ing, later in life, know that personal intercourse, however pleasant and genial it 
might be, never led him into that sort of unreserved retrospective vein which 
in some instances will induce a man to go back in detail on the story of his life. 
Toward autobiography, especially autobiography of a subjective cast, he very clearly 
had no bent. 

Looking at the facts of his life, however, as we have them, it is impossible 
to avoid being at once struck with the resolute perseverance and marvellous in- 
dustry that distinguished Andrew Jervise at every stage of his history. At a very 
early age, indeed, he seems to have been instinctively drawn toward that field of 
antiquarian inquiry in the cultivation of which so large a part of his time, first 
and last, was to be spent. And from the earliest time we hear of him acting 
consciously in the matter, this characteristic of plodding diligence in the acqui- 



Ixiv MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 

sition of relative facts and information is apparent. His own words at a 
long subsequent stage were, that in his schoolboy time the " hoary ruins" in the 
Land of the Lindsays presented such peculiar charms as, against all other con- 
siderations, served to make him a truant. When he had left school, the same 
tastes and habits continued ; and during the years in which he followed the occu- 
pation of a compositor, as apprentice and journeyman, we find in addition — 
first, an immense amount of literary effort of a general kind ; crude, perhaps, for 
the most part as concerns results, yet earnest ; and by the mere bulk produced 
necessarily occupying a large part of all his possible leisure time. And it is not 
too much here to offer the remark that, though Jervise was so far fortunate in 
the counsels and advice of Alexander Laing, those who have themselves enjoyed 
all the benefits that educational training can give, can but ill form an idea of 
the great disadvantage under which a youth .labours who, like him, is compelled 
to struggle for bread, while debarred from regular means of instruction, and with 
but limited access to books. And any printer's boy now has opportunities at 
command in these respects which in Jervisc's early time were unknown. Then, 
further on, when art is taken up, he is for the time being its not less earnest 
devotee. He entered on its pursuit with enthusiasm. For ten or twelve years it 
engrossed the main part of his time and effort ; and the thing not least to be 
admired, perhaps, is that when the pecuniary results from that, as from every 
other source," were poor indeed, his diligence abated no jot. 

Of Jervise as an artist we have spoken only in the most general way. The 
precise causes of his failure as a painter — for it may be put almost thus plainly — 
we do not profess to estimate with anything like technical exactitude. Of painters 
it is, we imagine, to a large extent true, that they too are born, not made. And 
while, in the singularly brilliant career of his colour teacher, Thomas Duncan, who 
before taking to art was bred to the duties of a writer's clerk in Perth, Jervise had 
as apt an illustration of this as could well be found, it is quite conceivable that that 
very career, as known to him, may have formed no small incentive towards his 
seeking distinction in the artist's walk. But sheer industry and application were not 
sufficient to enable him, even with the hardest labour, to realise what innate faculty 
alone could give. Though he had attained considerable freedom and facility of 
hand in drawing, and in some of his sketches exhibited a very fair measure of 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 



power, he never attained to the ease and certainty of execution of the real artist. 
But it was, perhaps, quite as much in lack of feeling for colour as in defect in the 
use of the pencil that his real deficiency lay. Be all that as it may, his principal 
pictures, including one or two genre subjects that are to be seen in the Brechin 
Mechanics' Institution ; and portraits of his mother and aunt, Mrs. Gray, evi- 
dently executed with loving care, were the products of conscientious labour 
according to his own conceptions of art. And in judging the work of others, 
this was very much the test he sought to apply. His criticisms of pictures or 
statuar>' might be described as on the whole severe. Anything indicating slim- 
ness of work or mere technical trickery, however clever, was at once condemned 
in the plainest terms ; and on no point did he more strenuously insist than that 
the figure subjects as depicted should be "anatomically correct" — the painter 
who, before venturing to represent a horse on the canvas, should take the trouble to 
dissect an animal of that species, would have received his full commendation. 
Yet it would not unfrequentlj- happen that a caustic criticism of the work of 
some living artist, who might have failed in satisf\-ing his ideals, would wind up 
with the remark, " but it 's easier to find fault with than to do these points cor- 
rectly," or some similar observation. 

As an antiquary, we have seen that the first aspirations of Jervise's boyhood 
were unmistakably in the direction of archaeological exploration ; and after the 
arts of the printer and the painter had failed him, he returned with undiminished 
earnestness to the same line of study and investigation. As Examiner, he took 
full advantage of the opportunities that the performance of his official duties 
brought him, in furnishing contributions to the Society of Antiquaries as well as 
in advancing his own works. It was in this field that he evidently felt himself 
in his real element, working freely and without restraint, finding it not labour but 
real enjoyment ; the follower of no one, but the master in his own department. 

All his life long the instinct of the book collector was a pronounced charac- 
teristic of Jervise. He had in large measure the faculty of scenting out odd 
volumes or MS. of literary or antiquarian value in out-of-the-way places ; and so 
early as the time of his making acquaintance with Mr. Chalmers of Aldbar, he 
had become the possessor of books which that accomplished antiquary found it use- 
ful to borrow. And the work of collection, as already indicated, went on to the 



kvi MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 

last. His range as a collector was extensive. For while he bought freely in the 
field of Scottish antiquarian history, and in that of art subjects — the heavy invoices 
for books occasionally to hand, leads him to speak of his growing taste in that 
way as "quite a craze" — he collected industriously in various other directions. 
His collection of Poetry, Ballads, and Songs, especially Broadside Ballads — not a 
few of them rare and curious — and local rhymes, for example, was probably 
unique of its kind ; and his Library, as a whole, was one of the largest and 
most valuable accumulated by any single collector of moderate means in Scotland 
in recent times. 

Of Andrew Jervise, in the more private and personal aspects of his character, 
various indications have been given. To those who knew him superficially, or 
who had in any way roused his prejudices, the impression at times conveyed by 
his direct and decisive manner was that of ." snellness." Nor was that quality 
altogether wanting when occasion called for it. But the central and predominant 
characteristics were far different. Combined with a measure of reserve, which no 
one might hope to penetrate further than he chose to open the way, there were 
abiding fidelity and strong filial as well as social instincts. His regard for and 
attachment to his mother, by whom he was survived for only a few months, were 
very marked ; and in the case of a more demonstrative person, might have been 
described as even touching. And in this connection it is interesting to find him so 
early as 1847, while still struggling for a bare subsistence, insuring his life for ;£^ioo, 
in order that she might in any event be to some extent provided for. Then in 
July, 1855, directly on receiving intimation that an Examinership was open to him, 
he takes out an additional policy for ;^200 ; and three years after completes the 
provision for his mother by purchasing for her a bond of annuity for ^^30. In 
the widow of his early friend, Alexander Laing, he continued to the end to 
take a close and kindly interest. One of his last duties, before leaving Brechin 
for Dundee for the last time, was to call upon her at her own cottage. The 
words of the venerable octogenarian, in narrating the circumstance, after dwelling 
at some length on the time, forty odd years byegone, but still so vividly present to 
her, when Jervise as an apprentice boy had gone out and in to her dwelling, will 
best indicate the light in which the visit was viewed. " Ay, an' as he turn't an' 
gaed awa, fan' his back was to me, I thocht ' Eh, but Andrew 's growin' an auld- 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. Ixvii 

like man himsel'.' An' noo," she added with an unconscious pathos that was 
affecting in its earnest simpHcity, " I '11 no be lang ahint him." The incident, 
simple as it is, reveals more of the genuine heart of the man than any general 
statement however elaborate could. But, indeed, as Jervise's correspondence suf- 
ficiently proves, the case of the widow and fatherless, as it came under his notice, 
never failed to enlist his strong sympathy, and to command his ready practical 
aid. 

The general friendships he formed, as has been already said, were steadfast 
as well as numerous. Their range was wide, if not in the most complete sense 
catholic. Though not unprepared to accord to rank its due recognition, social 
distinctions counted for little with Jervise, where other elements of real considera- 
tion came in ; and where he believed he had found solid merit, in ■\\-hatcver 
station, he had no scruple in putting himself in hearty sympathy with its pos- 
sessor. Though essentially conservative in his leanings, political feeling did not 
materially warp his judgments of men ; and no one more fully commanded his 
honest admiration all through than the distinguished Liberal nobleman to whom 
lie owed his official appointment. Though avowedly subscribing to the doctrine 
that " an ounce o' mither wit is worth a pun' o' clergy," his intimacy with eccle- 
siastical persons was very great. And in all the circumstances it is a little curi- 
ous to find his leaning churclnvani, in the sense of a distinctive ecclesiasticism, so 
pronounced as it was ; and the feeling, perhaps, swayed him at times to the ex- 
tent of more or less prejudicing him against estimable ministers in the non-con- 
formist ranks, with whom he would have found himself very much in sympathy 
had he come really to know them. 

To those who did not know him personally, the portrait of Mr. Jervise, by his 
friend Patrick Allan Fraser, Esq., H.R.S.A., of Hospitalfield, Arbroath (engraved by 
T. O. Barlow, Esq., A.R.A.), which forms the frontispiece to Volume I. of " Epitaphs 
and Inscriptions," will convey a very fair impression of his features, and the st}-le 
of his physique. Physically, as well as mentally, he seemed to have taken distinctly 
after his mother, Jean Chalmers He was of middle height, with compact well- 
set figure ; and his whole bearing and manner betokened quiet decision and firm- 
ness of purpose. As already indicated, the tear and wear of life, combined with 
repeated illnesses of a severe kind, had considerably impaired his constitution ; 



Ixviii MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. 

and he latterly looked more than the age he really was. And though, as there 
seems fair reason to believe, death did not overtake him without some more or 
less consciously felt premonitions, his decease may be described as untimely, in 
so far at least as it left uncompleted the work on which he had specially set his 
heart ; and which, although partly prepared for, it will be no easy task for an- 
other now to take up and carry through to the extent he had contemplated. 

The literary productions of Mr. Jervise, including his papers contributed to 
the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries, which form a very long list, and 
a few other papers prepared for Society publications, have been generally men- 
tioned. But it may be convenient here to enumerate in order the publications 
separately issued by him. With the exception of " The Land of the Lindsays," 
" Memorials of Angus and the Mearns," and " Epitaphs and In.scriptions," they 
might all be classed as simple essays or monographs. Some of them had been 
originally delivered in lecture form ; and while one or two had been issued 
oftener than once, the dates of the completer editions of these are given in the 
following Note : — 

I. — Sketches of the History and Traditions of Glenesk, 1852 

2. — The Land of the Lindsays, 1853 

3. — Sketch of the History and Antiquities of the Mearns (A Lecture), . . . 1858 

4. — Glamis : Its History and Antiquities (A Lecture), i86r 

;. — Memorials of Aii^us and the Mearns, 1861 

6. — Inscriptions from the Shields or Panels of the Incorporated Trades in the 

Trinity Hall, Aberdeen, 1863. 

7. — Inscriptions from the Burial Grounds of Brechin and Magdalene Chapel : Also, 

Lists of Donations to the Poor ; Curious Signboards, Popular Local Rhymes, 

&c., with Notes, Historical and Biographical, 1S64. 

8. — Epitaphs and Inscriptions from Burial Grounds and Old Buildings in the North 

East of Scotland, Vol. I., 1875. 

„ Do. Do., Vol. II., 1879. 

His deed of settlement is dated 24th June, 1877, to which he added two 
codicils, dated 2nd March, 1878. After providing for special legacies and certain 
annuities (one of the annuitants being his mother, who died on 7th August, 187S, 
aged 84), he directs that the whole residue of his estate, except the house and 
garden in Chanonry Wynd, Brechin, shall be divided into eight equal parts, among 



MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR. Ixix 

the following institutions, viz. : — (i) Fund for Relief of Indigent Gentlewomen ; 
(2) Aged Letterpress Printers, and (3) Industrious Blind, all of Scotland ; 
(4) Edinburgh Industrial School ; (5) Brechin Infirmary ; (6) The Foundation of 
Two Scholarships, under patronage of the Magistrates and Town Council cf 
Brechin, for a boy and girl, respectively between nine and twelve years of age, 
educated at some school in Brechin, children of deceased parents and widows 
having preference, and those of parents having an annual income of £'ji, and up- 
wards being excluded ; (7) the Scottish Society of Antiquaries and the Royal 
Scottish Academ}' of Painting, equal])-, the annual interest of the share falling 
to the former to be awarded to the writer, not a Fellow of the Society, of the 
best paper (illustrated) upon objects of pre-historic antiquity in any part of 
Scotland, under conditions to be announced by the Society. In like manner, 
the Ro)-al Scottish Academy shall bestow the annual proceeds of its share in 
one or more prizes to the most deserving student or students, male or female, 
in either of the arts of painting, sculpture, architecture, wood engraving, or etch- 
ing ; (8) Brechin Mechanics' Institution, for prizes to be awarded to apprentices 
in the mechanical arts for papers on the history, rise, and progress of the busi- 
ness or profession in which the writers are employed. And all these bequests to 
be distinguished by the name of the " Chalmers-Jervise Bequests." 

The final and, perhaps, most characteristic provision of the Will is in these 
words : — " Lastly, that the house and garden property in Chanonry Wynd of 
Brechin, which I bought from Lord Dalhousie for the sole purpose of preventing 
any building being erected within the same that would in any way obstruct the 
view of the grand Round Tower and west end of the Church and Steeples, shall 
be made over by my trustees, or trustee, to the Magistrates and Town Council 
and heritors of the town and parish of Brechin, for the express purpose of being 
feued out by them as a private burial-ground, or let for garden ground, and 
under these restrictions, viz., that all monies arising from the let or sale of 
o-round shall become the property of the Managers of the Infirmary of Brechin, 
and be devoted towards the maintenance of that Institution ; providing always 
that the ground be kept in excellent order ; and that the burial-place of my 
mother and m}-self in the New Cemetery be dressed neatly twice a year, on or 
as near as ma\- be after the first of Ma}- and the 27th of September," 



Ixx 



MEMOIR OF THE A UTHOR. 



The remains of the mother and son are deposited in the recently laid out 
portion of the Brechin New Cemetery, close by the centre opening in the division 
wall. The spot is marked by a monumental stone of grey granite, of which the 
general design was sketched by Andrew Jervise himself; and he even out- 
lined the very forms of the letters which he desired to be cut thereon, leaving 
simply the dates of two deaths to be filled in by his friend, Mr. J. W. Lego-e, 
sculptor, Aberdeen, to whom, by his express directions, the execution of the work 
was entrusted. The inscription on the monument runs thus : — 

JEAN CHALMERS, born 26th Sept., 1794, died 7th Aug., 1878. Her son, ANDREW 
JERVISE, F.S.A., one of H.M.'s Registration Examiners, Scof"' author of Memorials of Angus 
and the Mearns, and other works, born 2Sth July, 1820. died 12th April, 1S78. Both are here 
interred. 



I fL(f'.U-L5!'U-4-^-=-- 




EPITAPHS AND INSCRIPTIONS. 






l^'^=!.^ 



■'-ry 









E 



PITx\PHS 



& I 



NSCRIPTIONS 



BURIAL GROUNDS and OLD BUILDINGS, 



WITH ILLUSTRATIVE NOTES. 



— i-CAaF^5flfcft=JC>T- 



3uf I) tcr l)ousc. 

(S. MARY, VIRGIN.) 

THE church of Ochtlrhouse was a vicarage 
in the diocese of Dunkeld, and is 
valued (Archreologia, xvii. 245), at £8 Scots. 
In Theiner (116) it is rated at 10s., under the 
name of " Hugchus," which seems to he an 
ahhreviated form of " Hwuctj^ruus," the sur- 
name of the earliest recorded landholder of 
the district. 

This was William of Ilwuctyruus, who was 
sheriff of Forfar in 1245 — an office which was 
hereditary, and went along with the lands of 
Auchterhouse. It also appears (as kindly 
brought under my notice by Dr. Eamage, of 
Wallace Hall, Dumfries-shire, author of a 
valuable work, entitled " Drumlanrig and the 
Douglasses,") that William of Huchtirhus 
witnesses a charter by Alex. II., dated at 
Forfar, 7th July, 1247, by which the king gave 
Anselem of Camelyne the lands of Inuerlunane, 
in Angus, in excambiou for those of Bridburgh, 
in Nithsdale (Book of Caerlaverock, ii. 405). 

VOL. II. (Second Series). 



In 1426-7, about which time Sir Walter 
Ogilvy of Wester Powrie married the heiress 
of Eamsay of Auchterhouse, and acquired the 
jiroperty and hereditary sherifi'ship of Angus, 
he founded and endowed two chaplaincies 
within the church of Auchterhouse. At a 
later date these foundations in " St. Marie 
Kirk in Ochterhous," were enriched by their 
son. Sir Alex. Ogilvy, who made a grant of 
10 merks yearly out of the lands of Kirktown 
of Essy and Keilour, and 10 merks out of 
those of Carcary in Farnell {MS. Notes vf 
Scuttish Charter.) It was the daughter and 
heiress of the last-mentioned knight that car- 
ried the lands of Auchterhouse and the sheriff- 
ship of Angus, about 1466, to James Stewart, 
afterwards Earl of Buchan, Great Chamber- 
lain of Scotland. 

The Ogilvys or the Buchans had probably 
built the church of Auchterhouse, which was 
demolished in 1775, and the few traces of 
muUions, &c., which are built into adjoining 
dykes, show the building to have been one of 
no common type. " A large fount stone," 
which has unfortunately disappeared, is spoken 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



of by tho writer of the Old Stat. Acct. as being 
" but ill suited to tbe elegance of the general 
building," meaning the present church ! But 
its loss is much to be regretted, particularly 
since the same writer states that it bore 
" some images of angels or saints in rude 
sculpture." It was probably somewhat similar 
to the fine font at Fowlis-Easter. 

Part of a font, in the Perpendicular style 
(certainly not any portion of the one above re- 
ferred to), lies near the manse. The burial 
aisle at the east end of the church is dated 
1630, and upon a skewput stone is the invo- 
cation, AVE MAPJA ; also the cognisance of 
the fleur-de-lis. 

It is said that members of the noble houses 
of Airlie, Buchan, and Glamis lie here, but 
there are no monuments within the ai.sle. The 
fifth Earl of Buchan, who died in IGOl at the 
age of 21, was buried there, and Sir James 
Balfour (Douglas' Peerage, i. 269,) gives the 
following as his epitaph : — 
Hie jacet ante diem laohrimoso funere raptus, 
Flos Patriic, etGeutis splendor Duglassidorum. 
[Snatch'd in his youth, by a mom-nful death, lies 

here, 
Douglas, pride of his name, and to his country 

dear.] 
— This young nobleman was the only son of 
Sir Eobert Douglas of Lochleven, who, in 
right of his wife, became fourth Earl of 
Buchan. The fifth earl left an only daughter 
who married James Erskiiie, a son of the Earl 
of ]\Iar. He became sixth Earl of Buchan, 
died at London in 1640, and was also buried 
at Auchterhouse. His son and successor mar- 
ried Marjory, eldest daughter of the Earl of 
Dalhousie, who had, by her husband, a son 
and four daughters, one of whom was born at 
Auchterhouse in 1649, it being recorded that 
" on Sunday yee vj of Novembr." of that year, 
" my Lady Buchane vas browght to bed of a 
voman chyld." 

The Earl sided with Charles I. ; and, as 
thus recorded in the session books, he did 



penance for his loyalty in the church of Auch- 
terhouse, on Sunday, 14th AprU, 1650 : — 

" James Arle of Buchan did stand vp in his 
da-ske, and there declared before the vhole con- 
gregatione that hee was sory and grieved y' hee 
did ever adheare, or hawe any dealing vith those 
vha vent in to Inglaud in that vnlawf ull ingadge- 
ment ; also did hold vp his hand and svveare to 
yee covenant and subscrive it." 

His Lordship, who died in Oct. 1664, was 
survived by his Countess, regarding whom 
and the parish minister a fama arose, which 
eventuated in their union, and, as the minister 
showed evident signs of repentance, he was 
" absolvit from the pillar," and afterwards 
translated to Lundie and Fowlis-Easter (Mem. 
of Angus and Mearns). 

The Earl's only son died in 1695, and leav- 
ing no issue, he arranged by deed, dated in 
1677, that the title of Earl of Buchan should 
devolve upon his kinsman. Lord Cardross, 
grandfather of Harry, Lord Erskine, of the 
Scotch bench, and of Thomas, the celebrated 
Lord Chancellor. The titles of Earl of Buchan 
and Lord Auchterhouse are still in this 
family. 

The present church, which was built in 
1775, has "a steeple of cut stone" at the 
west end; and the kirk bell is thus in- 
scribed : — 

PARISH OF AUCHTERHOITSE, 1834. 

There are several enclosed burial places on 
the west wall of the churchyard. The first 
three inscriptions relate to Lady Helen, 
youngest daughter of Walter, Earl of Airlie, 
and her husband, Mr. Wedderburn, of 
Jamaica, who were married at Cortachy 
Castle, April 30, 1823, also to two of their 
sons : — 

Sacred to the memory of John Wedderburn, 
Esqr., wlio departed this life on the 2nd April, 
1859, aged 42 yeai-s. " In thee, O Lord, have I 
put my trust." 



AUCHTERHOUSE. 



[2.] 
The Lady Helen Wedderburn, widow of 
Jolin Wedderburu, Esqr., and youngest daughter 
of AValter, 7th Earl of Airhe, died at Eosebank, 
Eosslyn, 20th Ajiril, 1868. Her remains rest in 
the private burying ground of Eosslyn Chapel. 
" I believe in the communion of saints." In 
loving and dutiful remembrance of her dear 
mother, by Helen Wedderbum. May, 1868. 

[3.] 

James Alexander Wedderburn, second son 
of John Wedderburu, Esqr., was born in August, 
182.5, and died at Madras in May, 1864. 

David Ogilvt Wedderburn, youngest son of 
John Wedderburn, Esqr., was born 18th June, 
1826, and died also in India, at Ootacamund, 2nd 
Sept., 18.')8. " I believe in the resurrection of 
the dead." 

Upon the west wall of the churchyard are 
also three tablets in memory of the late 
Eevd. James Scott and his family, some of 
whom, it will be seen, attained high positions 
both in the Army and the iSTavy. It was in 
Mr. Scott's time that the old kirk was taken 
down and the new one built : — 

Sacred to the memory of the Eeverend James 
Scott, minister of Auchterhouse, who died 28th 
February 1804, in the 30th year of his ministry ; 
and of his wife, Margaret Munro, who died at 
Wooden, Eoxbui-ghshu-e, 28th December 1834 ; 
also of their Family whose names are inscribed 
on the side panels. 

[2.] 

Adam and Millekin, infants, died 1793 ; 
William, 4th son, died 1820 ; Margaret, wife 
of Lieut. -Colonel Munro, died 1820 ; James, 3rd 
son, died 1826 ; Eobert-Haldane of Khdoss 
and Wooden, 2nd son, died 1836 ; Mart Agnes, 
eldest daughter, widow of the Eev. Geo. Addi- 
son, D.D.,''died 1861 ; 

[3.] 
TiiOMA.s-M. -Munro of Bemig, 6th son, died 

1862 ; General Duncan-Gordon, .5th son, died 

1863 ; Catherine, 4th daughter, died 1863 ; 
Admiral George of Wooden, eldest son, died 
1867 ; Barbar.\, died 1870. 

— Dr. Addison, above referred to, and who 
succeeded Mr. Scott at Auchterhouse, was the 
sou of a meal miller, near Huutly. He was 



afterwards translated to Liff and Benvie (Epi- 
taphs, i. 192).* 

A mutilated slab, which forms the door 
step of the old aisle, bears a blank shield, also 
the initials A. C. I. S., the date of 1636, and 
some mortuary figures. The inscriptions which 
follow are from stones, mostly table-shaped, 
and in various parts of the burial-ground. 
The earliest dated are cut in Eoman capitals, 
and the introductory i^ortions of 5, 6, and 7, 
are abridged : — 

Heir lyes ane godly and vertous man Iames 
Christie of Balbvchlio, who departed ye 20 of 
Decern : 1651, and his age 97 : — 

Didce fuit quondam mihi vivere ; non quia 
\'ixi, 

Sed quoniam ut vivam tunc moriturus eram. 
Once it vas svet to me to leive, not that I leived, 
b\-t I leived to die. 

[2.] 
Heir lyes ane godlie and werteovs man Iohn 
. . IRE, svmtym hvsband to Chris . . . 
Yovng in Bvmsyd of Avchterhovs, who de- 
parted . . day of Agvst 1669, and of his age 
33. I. U : C. Y. 

[3.] 
Here lyis ane godly and virtvovs honest man 
Iames Nicoll, in Kirktown of Avchterhovse, 
and Ianet Low his wyfe. He depairted v])on 
1 day of Apryl in the yeare of God 1682, 
and of his age 80 yeara. 

Becaus my soule in graue do dwell 

Shall not be left by the ; 
And with thy lykuess when I wake 
I satisiied shall be. 
— It was probably the above-named James 
Nicoll who, on 23rd July, 1650, petitioned 
the kirk-session of Auchterhouse to protect 
him against an enraged mother, in the follow- 
ing quaint terms : — 

" Unto yowr wysdome, humblie means and 
complains, I, James Nickle, viion Mt. Tiisker, 
vho hes calumnat mee w' her towngue, by 



* This abbreviation, which ■\v\\\ be used througliout 
the volume, has reference to the Author's first vol. or 
Bcrios of Epitaplis and Inscriptiona from Burial 
Grounds and Old Buildings in the Norlli-East of iicoC- 
laiid. Edinburgh, 1875. 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



makeing mee the father of ane lie, in saying 
that I showld say to my Lord and my Lady y' 
shoe had tuo sonns vho vere able sowlderes for 
yes vars ; as also shoe hes abused me v' her 
toimgue by banning, swearing, and cureing, and 
said — bee God, I lieand limer, — so I humblie 
entreat y' wisdome to doe mee reassone." 

[4.] 
Heir lyes David Cvthrert and Elizabeth 
Robertson his spovs indvellei-s in Pittueine. 
He departed the day of Apryl 1689, of age 

fi8. Shoe depairted 20 November 1689, of age 
60. Also EvpHANB Allerdice, spovs to lames 
Cvthbert in Scotste\Ti. Shoe depaii-ted the 11 
lanvary 1692, of age 56. 

[5.] 

James Steuart, Cotton of Ouchterhouse, hd. 
.of Janet Mearns, d. 1730, a. 62 : — 

In foreign lands where men with war engage, 
He was sarvising at maney a bloody saige ; 
And was preserved wnhurt, ye gathered to 

hia rest 
In good old age — who tnists in God is blist. 

[6.] 
James Petrie and Margaret Anderson : He 
died iu 1717, aged 61 ; she in 1734, aged 70 :— 
This man and wife, during their life. 

Each one in their vocation. 
Lived in jieace, and now they cease. 
From toil and all vexation. 

[7.] 
David Moncur, hu.sband of Agnes Anderson, 
d. Nov. 20, 1790, a. 76 :— 

Know Reail.T. that this stone covers the re- 
mains of a wi.itliy ]i(.iicst man, of a loving hous- 
band, and parent, an intelligent farmer, a cheer- 
ful companion, an useful neighbour, one uncom- 
monly well behaved iu his station, regular in 
woi-ship, cheerful in life, and resigned at death, 
who died regretted by his relatives, and by every 
one who had access to know his real worth. 
From Death, tho' virtue none can save — 
Its great reward's beyond the grave. 

[8.] 
1764. This stone was erected by Patrick 
Crichton, farmer in Dronley, in niemory of 
Thomas Crichton, his father, who died the 25th 
day of Deer., 1760, aged 86 years. And of 
Christian Jameson, his mother, who died Deer. 
9th, 1764, aged 80 yeare. Also of Thomas 
Crichton, his son, who died Oct. 26th, 1765, 
aged 18 years. 



[9.] 
To the memory of James Spence, late school- 
master of Auchterhouse, who departed this life 
the 7th of August, a.d. 1813, in the 60th year of 
his age. His mind was active and ciipacious-, 
deeply imbued with knowledge ornamental to 
himself, and highly useful to society. He was a 
pleasant companion, a warm friend, an honest 
man, and a sincere christian. 

[Upon tlie reverse of same stone] : — 
He discharged the duties of his ofHce with 
skill, temper, and fidelity. He regulated the 
passions, expanded the intellects, and imijroved 
the hearts of those under his tuition. This 
monument is erected by his grateful Pujnls, in 
testimony of their respectful esteem for his 
memory. 

The next inscription is from a coffin-shaped 
tomb, upon the top of wliicli is a globe cut 
out of solid stone : — 

[10,] 
Sacred to the memory of George Gauld, 
A.M., preacher of the Gospel, a native of Migvie, 
Aberdeenshire, and for nearly 18 years one of the 
teachers in the Dundee Acadeniy, who died at 
P.ardmony, Perthshire, on the 16th of July, 1834, 
iu the 42nd year of his age. He had a vigorous 
judgment, and was firm in principle, and diligent 
in the discharge of his duties, an able teacher, an 
agreeable companion, a faithful friend, and an 
exemplary christian. 

[11.] 

From a granite tablet : — 

Helen Durie, 22 yeara servant in the Manse 
of Auchterhouse, died 16th May, 1868. "One 
is your Master, even Christ, and all ye are 
brethren." 



Weems, or underground chambers, liave 
been found in several parts of the parish, also 
ancient tumuli, notices of whicli have been 
given in both Statistical Accounts, &c. 

A slab, set on end at the toll house of 
Dronley, presents much the look, at first glance, 
of the interlaced ornaments of the old sculp- 
tured stones ; but in this instance these peculi- 
arities have been caused by the action of water 
at some remote period. Still, this fragment is 



KINNETHMONT. 



not unsuggestive, and may possibly go to show, 
so far at least, that those beautifully interlaced 
carvings of our. Celtic forefathers may have 
been suggested by rare natural objects, such 
as that referred to. 

The estate of Auchterhouse, which consists 
of the old mansion, and a large portion of the 
parish, belongs to the Earl of Airlie. 

The session records of Auchterhouse con- 
tain several entries regarding " vitches and 
charmers," one of which, dated 2nd May, 
1652, preserves the words of an invocation or 
charm, which, although sufficiently absurd, 
procured for the fond mother as well as her 
fair teacher, the penalty of sitting " on the 
stole of repentance in sackcloth ay till they bee 
penitent ": — 

" Mt Eobertsoune in the bonnetownne vas be- 
fore the Sessione for charming of her chyld, by 
going fro yee bonnetoune to yee kirktownne 
well, and vashene of her dawghtera eyen, and 
saying y' 

fish bears fine, and full beai-s gall, 
all yee ill of my bairns eyen in the vail fall, 
being accused of this confessit shoe did so, and 
y' Janet Fyfi'e learned her, for yee qlk yee minis- 
ter is to acquent ye presbutrie of it before shoe 
be farder examined." 

— The well above referred to is the Lady 
Well, in which votive offerings are sometimes 
found even at this day. 

[Inscriptions compared by Mr. J. Robertson, sebooinir, ] 

iiinnctljmont, 

(S. REGULITS, OR S. RULE.) 

■yN" 12.58 it was agreed tliat the vicar of 
•~ Kijnnaliemoncl or Kinalchmund should 
have 15 merks, and an acre of land near the 
church for a glebe, along with the altarage 
teinds, reserving 30 lambs yearly to the Abbot 
of Lindores, to whom the lands belonged. 
Acourdiiig to the author of tlie View of the 



Diocese of Aberdeen, there was a cell, or re- 
ligious building here — possibly the Provostry 
of Killesinont — which was burnt down at the 
Eeformation by Leslie of Balquhain. 

The site of an old niansc, which stood at 
Kirkhill, is still marked by some trees in a 
field near the kirkyard, on the south of the 
Great North of Scotland line of railway, 
nearly opposite to the mansion-house of Leith- 
hall. 

The old kirk was a long narrow building, 
and at the east end of the ruins is the burial 
enclosure of the Gordons, which previously be- 
longed to the Leslies of AVardhouse. To one 
of the latter is a coffin-slab, dated 1685, and 
among other carvings, it bears a Maltese cross, 
surmounting the sacred monogram, I.H.S. 

In another enclosure is a marble tablet 
thus inscribed : — 

Sacred to the memory of William Wemtss of 
Craighall, and Jane Garioch, his spouse, and 
their daughter Margaret Knowles, and their 
last surviving son, the late Peter Wemyss, who 
departed this life on the 13th March, 1837. This 
tablet is placed in affectionate remembrance by 
his daughters, Maria J. Rose, wife of P. Eose, 
Esq''., .sheriff'-clerk of Banflshire, and Henrietta 
B. Robertson, wife of Alex. Robertson, of Lon- 
don, May 1839. 

■ — Craighall, at one time part of Peilsyde (now 
Leith-hall), was acquired by the Wemysses 
during the last century. " Patrick, or Peter- 
JMinian Weems of Craighill, in Ivinnethmont, 
was, according to Jlann, ' a learnotl Jesuit, 
well seen in the antiquities of his native 
country,' and author of a work called ' Cale- 
donia.' A MS. of Father Weems, entitled 
' Xotitia de Monasteriis Scotia?.,' and another, 
' I)e Indubitatis Sanctis Scotiie,' are said to 
be in the British Museum. F. Weems was 
abroad in 1727." (MS. note hy Mr. Griffin, on 
Oliver's Coll. on Biographies of the Jesuits, 
kindly lent by the late Bp. Forbes of Brechin.) 
An adjoining table-shaped stone bears : — 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev. George 
MiNTY, LL.D., who was ordained minister of 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



Kinnethmont ou the 10th May, 1792, and died 
the 18th January, 1834, in the 80th year of his 
age. A man of spotless integrity. Near this 
stone are deposited the remains of his spouse, 
]VIi-s. Ann Foobd, who died on the 2nd of April, 
1806, in the 46th year of her age. 

— The deaths of two sons and two daughters 
are recorded upon the same stone. A third 
sun, William, who succeeded his father in the 
church of Kinnethmont, died 2nd June, 186y, 
in his 74th year, as appears from a granite 
monument erected to his memory by the 
Parishioners. A fourth son was parish school- 
master of Kinnethmont. 

Mr. Patrick Lindsay, who was minister at 
Kinnethmont during the Civil War, is said to 
have been killed by Montrose's soldiers. 

The next six inscriptions are from different 
parts of the burial ground : — • 

Here lies till Christ shall raise it again, the 
body of John Milne, some tyme dyster at Hair- 
myer, who died Aprile 9, 1781, aged 70 years, &o. 

[2.] 

Andrew Duncan, farmer, Auchmar, d. 1780, 
a. 62. " Done by the care of IsobeU Ingram, his 
spouse, and y'' chOdren, viz., Alex., Andrew, and 
Elspet Duncan" : — 

Mor through regard than the vain waste of 
praise. 

This humble freestone o'er his gi-ave we raise ; 

Who, to his last, pursued one constant plan. 

And, as he lived, he died an honest man. 

[3.] 
William Yule, d. 17th Sep., 1840, a. 77. " He 
was an Elder in this parish from the year 1811, 
until the time of his death." 

[4.] 
Sacred to the memory of Harriet Suther- 
land, for upwards of thirty yeare a faithful and 
attached servant in the family of Sir Andrew 
Leith-Hay of Rannes, who departed this life at 
Leith-hall, ou tlie 30th March 18.57. 

[5.] 

Here lyes Elspet Greenlaw, spouse to George 

Morgan, farmer in Courtistoun, who died Jany. 

8lh, 17.56, aged 44. Also James Morgan, farmer 

in Milnefeilil, his son, who died Nov. 1770, aged 



34. Aud Elspet Morgajj, his dawi-. who died 
Apr. 14th 1744, aged -2 years ; and Mart 
Morgan, his youngest dawi'. who died Janr. 
23rd 1768. Mors janua vitae. 

[6.] 
Two crossed swords and two crossed 
muskets are carved, at the top and bottom 
respectively, of the stone from which this 
inscription is copied : — 

This stone was placed by Lieutenant-Genoral 
Hay, to mark the grave of Andrew Jamieson, 
an old Soldier, who died in 1805, at the advanced 
age of nearly 100 years. It is General Hay's in- 
tention that this shall, in future, be the place of 
interment of such old soldiers who, dieing in this 
parish, may chuse it. 

The mausoleum or burial aisle of the Leith- 
Hays is upon the north side of the old kirk ; 
but their family monuments, as well as those 
of the Gordons of Wardhouse, are within 

THE PARISH CHURCH, 

which is situated upon the south side of the 
Huntly and Insch turnpike, and was erected 
in 1812. The tablets are of marble, and 
respectively inscribed as follows : — 

Sacred to the memory of Lieut.-General Sir 
Jambs Leith, Knight Grand Cross of the Most 
Honoi-able MOitary Order of the Bath ; Honor- 
ary Knight Commander of the Portuguese Order 
of the Tower and Sword ; Grand Cordon of the 
Order of Military Merit of France ; Commander 
of the Forces in the West Indies ; Colonel of the 
4th West India Regiment ; and Captain-General 
and Governor of Barbadoes, &c. He wa.s a 
native of this jjarish, born at Leith-haU, August 
8th, 1763, and, after a series of distinguished 
services, died at Barbadoes, Oct. 16th, 1816, 
deeply lamented. 

— Mary, daughter of Hay of Eannes, married 
Jolm Lcith of Leith-hall. They were the 
grand-parents of the above-named General 
Sir James Loith, and of John and Alexander, 
his elder brothers, who both became heirs in 
succession. The General who succeeded his 
brother John in the family estates, also came, 
through his giauiliuother, to the estate of 



KINNETHMONT. 



Eannes, and viSs. the first Hay or Leith-Hay 
of his family : — 

[2.] 
In memory of General Alexander Hay of 
Eannes, who departed this life at Fetternear 
House, on the 10th May, 1838, in the 8(lth year 
of hia age. Also of his daughter, Elizabeth, 
wife of Alexander Forbes of Blackford, who died 
at Leith-haU on the 21st July, 1834, and of his 
youngest daughter, Margaret-Jane, who died 
at Aberdeen, the 6th April, 1838. Beloved and 
lamented here, they departed in the full hope, 
through Christ, of a joyf id resvuTection hereafter, 
and their remains rest in the bm-ial vault of the 
family, within the walls of the old church of 
this, then- native parish. 

The following refers to General Hay's 
eldest son : — 

[3.] 

Sacred to tlie memory of Sir Andrew Leith- 
Hay of Eannes, Knight of the Guelphic Order of 
Hanover, Knight of the Order of Charles III. of 
Spain, and Knight of the Legion of Honor of 
France. He served with distinction through 
the Peninsular War, for which he received a 
medal and si.x clasps for general actions. He 
was a member of Lord Melbourne's Administra- 
tion, and represented the Elgin Burghs in Par- 
liament for many yeai-s. Born February 17th, 
1785 ; died at Leith-hall, October 13th, 1862. 

— Sir Andrew wrote a History of the Penin- 
sular War ; also a work, illustrated with litho- 
graphic prints from drawings by himself, on 
the Castellated Architecture of Aberdeenshire. 
The next inscription is to the memory of Sir 
Andrew's mother : — 

[4.] . 
Sacred to the memory of Mary, daughter of 
Thomas Forbes, Esq. of BaUogie, and Christian 
Cumine, of the family of Pitidlie, the wife of 
General Alexander Hay of Eannes, who departed 
this life at Leith-haU, on Thui-sday, Feb. 5th, 
1824, iu the 62nd year of her age. A woman of 
exemplary piety, who, after a life of the greatest 
respectability and honour, died univereally 
esteemed and regretted. 

[5.] 
Sacred to the memory of Mary, second daugh- 
ter of General Alexander Hay of Eamies, and 
relict of Major Daniel Mitchell of Ashgrove, 
who departed this life at Aberdeen, on the 30th 



of May, 1860, to the great and sincere regret of 
a numerous circle of relatives and friends. 
" Blessed are the dead who die iu the Li.ird." 

[6.] 
Sacred to the memory of Mary Margaret, 
Lady Leith-Hay, of Eannes, daughter of Wil- 
liam Clark, Esq., of Buckland, in the county 
of Devon, who departed this life at Leith Hall 
on the 28th May, 1859. She was religious, be- 
uevoleut, and charitable. Also of her daughters, 
Mary, born the 29th September, 1823, who died 
in London, 20th August, 1833 ; and Harriot 
LuisA, born the 11th February, 1825, died at 
Woodend Cottage, Kincardineshire, 9th June, 
1829. 

— In addition to the inscriptions above quoted, 
others record the deaths of Captain William, 
who died at Elgin in 1861, and Norman, who 
was lost on the coast of Australia in 1857, 
second and fourth sons respectively of Sir 
Andrew Leith-Hay. This branch of the 
Leiths claims descent from William of Barnis 
or Birness, in Premnay, who was provost of 
Aberdeen in 1350, and who had a royal gift 
of the lands of Edingarioch and Drumrossie, 
for distinguished services to his country. John 
Leith of Boharn, who died about 1650, bought 
the lands of Peilsyde (now Leith-hall), and 
others. His son James built the burial aisle 
in the old kirkyard, also a mansion-house at 
Leith-hall, and married a daughter of Strachan 
of Glenkindie (Epitaphs, i. 273, 230). 

[7.] 
Sacred to the memory of Charles Gordon of 
Wardhouse and Kildrummy, Esquu-e, who de- 
parted this life upon the 23rd of Dec, 1832, aged 
83 year-s. His genuine worth wiU live long in 
the recollection of a wide circle of friends, at- 
tached to him by various ties, and his parental 
virtues are indelibly engraved on the hearts of 
his numerous ofi'spring, by whom this monument 
is erected as a humble tribute of their respect 
and grateful affection. 

— The Gordons acquired Wardhouse from the 
Leslies by purchase, about the middle of the 
last century, and Kildrummy at a later date. 
They have been long resident in Spain, as 
wine merchants, and are allied, by marriage, 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



to some of the most influential families in that 
country. They are an off-shoot of the Gordons 
of Beldornie, whose ancestor was a grandson 
of the first Earl of Huntly. 

The next inscription is from a tablet origin- 
ally within the old kirk of Kinnethmont : — 

[8.] 
M. S. Ann.« Gordon, M. Georgii Gordon, 
O.L.P. in Acad. Regia Aberdonensi, fili» natu 
maximse, M. Theodori Gordon, V.D.M., conjngis 
optumse charissimse, quam rapuit mors elieu ! 
prsematura 

Anno ^ '^'^'^^' 

I setatis supe 34. 

Viveus ac mcerens maritus D.S.P. 
[Sacred to the memory of Ann Gordon, eldest 
daughter of Mr. Geo. Gordon, Professor of Ori- 
ental Languages, King's College, Aberdeen, and 
the excellent and dearly beloved wife of Theodore 
Gordon, minister of the Word of God, whom, 
alas ! a premature death snatched away in 1742, 
in the 34th year of lier age. Her surviving and 
sorrowing husband erected this monument.] 

— Theodore Gordon was a son of the Eev. 
Geo. Wm. Algernon Gordon and Cecilia Eeid. 
Mr. Gordon succeeded Mr. Syme as minister 
of Tullynessle, but was not ordained until 
Oct., 1759, although the presentation was 
issued in Sept. of the previous year. A 
tablet, erected by his grandson, Theodore 
Gordon of Overhall, bears : — 

[9.] 
Sacred to the memory of the late Reverend 
Theodore Gordon, A.M., who was minister of 
the parish of Kinnethmont during a period of 
forty-one years, and who departed this life 29th 
August, 1779. He was no less distinguished for 
his exemplary conduct as a clergyman, and liis 
learning aud taste as a scholar, than he was 
esteemed for his liberal mind and generous dis- 
position, which, with the most pleasing urbanity 
of manners, endeared him to his parishioners and 
all his numerous friends. This monument was 
erected by his grandson, Theodore Gordon of 
Overhall, as a small memorial of that warm affec- 
tion and sincere veneration with which his 
memory has never ceased to be cherished by all 
his grand-children, and in testimony of that deep 
feeling of regret and affectionate regard in which 
it continues to be held by the heretors of the 
parish where he lived respected, and died 
lamented by all. 



A hillock, at the back of the manse, is called 
" Kenneth's Mount," from a popular belief 
that King Kenneth had a residence there. It is 
also said that the reputed residence of Kenneth 
gave name to the parish ; but it had more 
probably originated from the fact that the 
kirk stood at the head, or upon the highest 
IJoint, of what had been, in early times, a series 
of marshy fields — at least, the Gaelic words, 
Kil-aiich-mond, favour this rendering. 

" Truel Fair, at the Kirk of Kenith-month 
and at kirktoun of Monifieth," is set down in 
the Edinburgh Prognostication, ITOf?, for 2nd 
Tuesday of October. A farm called " Holy 
Well" lies to the S.E. of the kirk, where there 
is a fine spring. 

There are stone circles both at Ardlair and 
Cults, the former being upon high ground, the 
other upon a much lower site. Not far from 
tliese places a number of Itoman and other 
coins were found some years ago. 

The parishes of Kinnethmont and Clirist's 
Kirk were united before 15th August, 1634 
(Scott's Fasti). 

There has been a Free Church at Kinneth- 
mont since the Disruption. Periodical mar- 
kets for cattle, &c., are held at the railway 
station. 

[Ins. compd. by Mr. Wm. Gerard, schoolmr. ] 



\\\\\v\v\vv\vv\\\vwv\%\%\\ 



lUtljmuricl, or Clirist^s 

(S. JIURIEL.) 

SIR WILLIAM of BRECHIN, founder 
of the Maison Dieu of that city, 
granted, 1245, the lands of Rathmiiryel, in 
the Garioch, to the Abbey of Lindores, whicli 
had been founded by his grandfather. 

In 1258, Pope Alexander IV. ratified an 
agreement between the Bishop of Aberdeen 



BATHMUBIEL. 



nnd the Abbot of Lindores, by wbich the 
"vicar of Eathmuryell was to have 12 merks, 
the whole altarage of the church, a manse, 
with 2 bovates of land, and the great tithes of 
the cultivated land of the ^^ethertown of 
Uauthmuriell." 

The kirk of Eathmuriel is mentioned in the 
Old Taxation {c. 1275). In 1574, " Christis 
Kirk," with three neighbouring churches was 
under the charge of one minister; but Christ's 
Kirk had its own reader. 

There is a place called ]\[uriel near the old 
kirk, also the remains of Muriel's Eath, and 
the Priest's Well is in the same locality. 

The district is sometimes called " Sleepy 
Kirk," and a writer of 1724 (Coll. Abd. Bff., 
623), says that " there is in the village, where 
this chappel (Christ's Kirk) is built, a yearly 
fair, called Christ's Fair, and commonly The 
Sleepjr jMarket, because it begins at night, 
about sunset, and ends one hour after sunris- 
ing next morning ; the people bujdng and 
selling timber, and all other mercat goods, 
during the night, which is not then dark, 
being the beginning of June : a very singular 
kind of mercat, as any ever was." " About 
35 or 36 years ago (Old Stat. Acot. of Scot., 
xiii. 77), the proprietor changed it (the 
market) from night to day ; but so strong was 
the prepossession of the people in favour of 
the old custom, that, rather than comply with 
the alteration, they chose to neglect it alto- 
gether." 

The ruins of Christ's Kirk occupy a rising 
ground to the west of the hill of Dunnideer, 
and the site commands a fine view of Ben- 
nacliie and other parts of the Garioch. The 
church stood east and west, and measures 
within walls about 26 by 12 yards. A lady, 
who died at Leith-hall about forty years ago, 
is said to have been buried within its area, 
and interments are still occasionally made in 
the burial ground. 



There are only two inscribed stones. Each 
bears a nude figure of Time with outstretched 
arms, standing upon a globe, and holding a 
scythe in one hand and a sand-glass in the 
other : — 

Here lyes John Smith, who dyed 1716, aged 
.Jl y. Also his son, who dyed 17 — , aged 20 years. 

[2.] 

Here lyes James LEO.m, sometime farmer in 

Upper Ediugarioch. He died Nov. 10, 1767, 

aged 47 years, lauhil hiLsband to Kethren Milne. 

Done at the care of Kethren Milne. Memento 



The name of " Eath-Muriel" is both sug- 
gestive and interesting. It not only carries iia 
back to the Pictish period, but shows that 
there was a fort or place of strength there, 
which may have been the abode of the holy 
woman whose name it bore. Nothing is known 
of her history except that she was a widow, 
as stated in the Dunkeld Litany (Bp. Forbes' 
Kalendars of Scottish Saints). It is a note- 
worthy fact that, although the connection of 
the Thanes of Cawdor with the district cannot 
now be traced, the name of Muriel has been, 
from remotest record, and still is, a common 
Christian name for female members of that 
family. 

The church and district bore the name of 
Christ's Kirk in the early part of the fifteenth 
century ; for how long before I am not aware. 
The name had probably been changed in con- 
sequence of some early proprietor having 
founded an altar in the church to " Our Lord 
Jesus Christ ;" but of this I have found no 
record. The only other place I know of in 
Scotland, which Ijore the name of " Christ's 
Kirk," is Udny, in Aberdeenshire. " The 
Green of Udny" has been long famed for 
its beaut}'', and in a title deed of the Udny 
estates, mention is made (Inf. Mr. A. Michie) 
of the laird's " right of patronage of the parish 



10 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



kirk of Udiiy, commonly called Christ's 
Kirk." In a perambulation of the lands of 
Tarves and TJdny (1417) it is called " Capella 
Christi" (Eeg. Nig. de Aberb., 51). 

There seems to be little doubt (Chalmers' 
Poetical Eemains of the Scottish Kings), but 
the author of " Chryst's Kirk on the Green," 
had m his mind's eye the sports which took 
place at the fair of Christ's Kirk in Kinneth- 
mont. Allan Eamsay, to whom the unique 
nature of the fair which was held at Christ's , 
Kirk in Kinnethmont was probably unknown, 
as well as the peculiar name of the place, and 
the — even yet — fine feature of the old market 
green which surrounds the site of the church, 
was the first to name Leslie, in Fife, as the 
place celebrated in the poem, and this he 
appears to have done upon the strength of 
its vdlage green, and its proximity to Falk- 
land Palace, a residence of its reputed royal 
author. 

With the view of confirming Ramsay's idea 
of the vdlage green of Leslie, in Fife, having 
been the scene of " Chryst's Kirk," and with- 
out any authority to shew that either the old 
kirk of Fetkd, or the more modern one of 
Leslie, was dedicated to Christ Jesus, a slab 
over the church door is thus inscribed : — 

OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST's KIRK ON THE GREEN, 
LESLIE. REBUILT 1869. 

FithJiil or Fetliil was the old name of the 
church and estate of Leslie in Fife, and the 
latter was conferred upon the parish only when 
the Leslies became proprietors, the name having 
been carried from their original property of 
Leslie in Aberdeenshire, the church of which 
is within a mde of Christ's Kirk. At a later 
period the name of " Eothes" was also im- 
ported, and given to their residence in Fife, 
from the castle of Eothes, on the Spey, which 
the Leslies so long occupied, and of which the 
ruins still remain. 



B 1 r i p tj n i f . 

(S. FUMACK.) 

IN a deed of concession of grants to certain 
prebends belonging to the Cathedral of 
Moray, 1226, mention is made of the teind 
sheaves of the parish of Biittruthin (Eeg. Ep. 
Morav., 23), a form of the name which possibly 
shows it to be derived from the Celtic words 
Bo-traigh-an, i.e., the river holm or strath of 
the cow. The " river holm or strath" is 
quite descriptive of the site of the church 
of Botriphnie. 

The vicarage of Butrocluju is taxed at 3 
merks (Ibid.), and in 1275 the kirks of But- 
ruthte and Aherlogher (Aberlour), are rated 
together at 4 merks, 9s. and 2d. (Theiner). 
In 1574, it was served along with Aberlour 
and other two churches by one minister, who 
had kirk lands and £166 of stipend. Andro 
Eeidfurde, reader at Pettrithney, had a salary 
of £13 Scots. 

The initials, M. A. F., and the date of 1617, 
which were upon the old kirk, refer to the 
fact that a nesv church was budt in the time 
of Mr. Alexander Fraser. He was minister 
from 1614, and sentence of deposition was 
passed upon him in 1650, for subscribing a 
paper against the Covenant, kt. (Scott's Fasti). 
The church was "in a very ruinous condition" 
about 1794 ; and the present edifice was 
erected in 1820. The belfry was previously 
upon the kirk of Keith. 

A marble slab in the north wall of the 
church, erected by surviving members of the 
family (those deceased being named), bears 
these notices of a late minister and his wife : — 
Sacred to the memory of the Eev. Alexander 
Angus, minister of this parish, and his affectionate 
spouse Katharine Mair. He died 11th April, 
1829, in his 85th year, and 57th of his useful 
ministry. She died 26th Oct., 1836, in her 86th 
yeai-. 



BOTRIPHNIE. 



— One of tlieir sous, L)r. George Angus, of 
the H.E.I.C.'s medical service, died at Alaer- 
deen in 1872, in Ms 78tli year. He attained 
to the highest honours in his profession 
abroad, where he was greatly esteemed, and 
on returning home, he endeared himself to all 
with whom he came in contact, not more by 
his warm friendship and unbounded benevo- 
lence, than by his humane and unostentatious 
actions. Soon after Dr. Angus' death, a 
monument was erected to his memory in the 
West Church of Aberdeen. 

Tlie south aisle, in which Mr. Angus and 
his family were buried, and some remains of 
the church of Mr. Fraser's time, still stand in 
the burial ground. An upright slab, initialed 
G. C, marks the site of the pulpit, as well as 
the grave of the Kev. Mr. George Campbell. 

In the aisle is a marble slab, with a carving 
of the Chalmers' arms, and motto, spero, also 
this inscription : — 

Here lyes the body of George Chalmers, who 
was minister of Botriphuie for 46 years and 7 
moueths. ^e dyed the 24th of Feb. 1727, aged 
72 years 8 months. 

— Mr. Chalmers, who was Mr. Campbell's pre- 
decessor, was the last Episcopal minister of the 
parish, and although he did not conform to 
Presbytery, he was allowed to enjoy the living, 
without interruption, down to the time of his 
death. Upon an adjoining monument : — 

In memory of Helen Chalmers, daughter of 
the Rev. George Chalmers, minister of Botriphiny, 
and spouse to Alexander Stewart, Esquire, of 
Lesmm-die, who died in the year 1758, aged 72. 
And of Jambs Stewart, Esquire, of Kirkhili, 
5th and youngest son of the said Alex. Stewart 
and Helen Chalmers, who died 30th March 1807, 
aged 83 years. 

A slab, within the same aisle, presents carv- 
ings of the Gordon and Leslie arms. It bears 
the family motto, stand sure, also the initials, 
I. A., A. G,, K. L., and the date of 1671. An 
adjoining slab, overtopt with the Anderson 
and Gordon arms, is thus inscribed : — 



Memorise sacrum. Hie subtus siti sunt cineres 
Ann.« Gordon et Katharine Leslie, loannis 
et lacobi Andersonorum ab Ardbrake conjvigum 
dilectarum, una cum liberis ex utraque susceptis, 
quarum ha^c, annos nata XXXIX, VII Id. Mart. 
A. .-E. C. MDCLXVII, fatis succulniit, iUa vero 
. . . annnnnn matrona, XIII Kal. Deoembr. 
A.D. MDCLXX, lumina clausit ; in quarum decus 
et perennem famam, quippe quiB fueriut claris 
editoe natalibus, eximiisque excnltiie virtutibus, 
pro summo in demortuas aftectu et observantia 
mouumentum hoc superstruendum curarunt 
loannes et lacobus Andei-soni, pater et filius. 

[Here beneath lie the ashes of Ann Gordon 
and Katharine Leslie, the beloved wives of 
John and James Anderson of Ardbrake, together 
with those of children of each ; the latter suc- 
cumbed to fate, 9th March, 1667, aged 39, and 
the former closed her eyes, 19th Nov. 1670, when 
a matron of . . . years, to whose honour and 
lasting reputation, for they were of distinguished 
birth, and adorned with eminent virtues, John 
and James Anderson, father and son, in testi- 
mony of their deep affection and regard for the 
deceased, caused this monument to be erected 
over their remains.] 

From a slab built into the outer and south 
wall of the aisle : — 

1760 : This monument is erected jy John 
Stuart in Eosarie, in memory of his g audfather 
William, and his father Thomas, who both 
lived and died at Bodinfinnich, and of his uncle 
Hendry, who sometime lived and died in Eosarie. 
John, William, Alexander, George, Hendry, 
Mart, and Beatrix, Hendry's children, also lie 
here. It is to be observed that this has been 
the buriall place of the said Stuarts long before, 
and ever since the Eeformation. 
— The Stuarts of Eosarie are now repre- 
sented by Mr. Peter Stewart, Birchbank, 
Boharm. 

A monument, within an enclosure, and 
upon tlie site of the Druinmuir burial-place, 
bears : — 

Near this spot lie interred the remains of 
Major Alexander Duff, younger of Culbin, 
who died at Davidston, in the year 1777. Also 
of his son Admiral Archibald Ddff of Drum- 
muir, who departed this life at Braemorriston, 
near Elgin, the 9th day of Feb., 1858, aged 84. 
Francis Jones, widow of Admiral Archibald 
Duff of Drummuir, who died at Braemorriston, 
21st Deo., 1861, aged 74. 



12 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



— Upon another stone are the initials and 
date, A. D. : A. A., 1671. 

The Duflfs of DrummuLr are descended 
from Alexander, grandson of Adam Duff of 
Clunybeg, and Katharine Duff, daughter and 
heiress of Adam Duff of Drummuir. The 
Gordons of Park, to which property the late 
Col. Duff succeeded through his grandmother, 
Helen Gordon, daughter of Sir James Gordon 
of Park, and wife of John Duff of Culbin, 
second son of the aforesaid Alexander and 
Katharine Duff, claim to be descended from 
the Gordons of Cairnborrow, a branch of the 
Huntly family (Epitaphs, i. 28). Katharine 
Dulf, who Avas usually styled Lady Drum- 
muir, died in the year 1758. Her mourning 
hatchment still hangs on the Avail of the 
church behind the famdj' peAV of Drummuir, 
and upon the right and left borders are 
painted the names of several distinguished 
f.imilies connected with her by relationship, 
viz., Duff of Drummuir, Earl of Strathmore, 
Urquhart of Cromarty, Beaton of Balfour, 
Abercromby of Glassaugh, Earl of Southesk, 
Gordon of Lesmoir, Gordon of Abergeldie. 

The next three inscriptions are from tomb- 
stones relating to blacksmiths, and all present 
carvings of "the hammer and the royal crown," 
the well-known insignia of the craft : — 

Under the liope of a blessed resurrection, here 
Ij-es James Burges, smith in Ardbrobin, and 
Grasel Gilbert, his spouse. He dyed May 6, 
and she the 7, 1678, and were buried both 
together in on grav. Margret Bdrgbs dyed 
4 March, 1682 : 

Here are two who down did lay, 
Ther lump of flesh and dog of clay, 
Who willingly here did ly douu, 
In hope to ryse and wear a crown. 

— Ardbrobin is no\v part of the home farm of 
Drummuir. 

A fragment of a lettered stone, preserved 
at Drummuir Castle, and formerly upon the 



'old Parish School, which stood near Ard- 
brobin, presents these remains of an inscrip- 
tion : — 

. . . . ON . ARD . . . BVILT . THIS . . 
. . . . N . HIS . OWN .... 

1676. 

[2.] 

Here lyes Thomas Sellar, smith, who dyed 
the last of March, 1667. W. S. dyd the 7 of 
Desembr, 169.3. John S. dyed Deer. 9 1695. 
Alex. Sellar, son to James, departed Novt. 18, 
1703, aged . . . James Sellar, son to 
Thomas, departed Decer. 5, 1703, aged . . 

. . . aged 34, buried 31 July 1711. T. S. 
died June ye 1, 1738. Memento mori. 
T [crown S 

I AND S 

A hammer.] Gor 

[Upon reverse of same stone] : — 

This is thought to have been the first grave- 
stone in tliis church-yard, marking the burial 
gi-ound of the Sellars, a race of blacksmiths, for 
400 years, as may be seen on the other side. 
Under it lies the body of Robert Sellar, black- 
smith in Teuantown, who died in January 1815, 
in the 57th year of his age, being the lineal 
descendant of the above race. 

Also his spouse, Isabella Hay, who died on 
the 26th May, 18-51, aged 80. Their second son, 
Robert, died March 4, 1821, aged 21 years, at 
Pitsfield, in Massachusets, America ; and their 
fifth son, Francis, died bathing at Aberdeen, 
August 1828, aged 19. His bones lie here. 

— The long period of 400 years may possibly 
be a mistake, at least (so far as visible) the 
inscription fails to bear out the statement. 
Such, however, is the received and prevalent 
tradition throughout the parish and surround- 
ing district. The family is now represented by 
John Sellar, blacksmith in Tenantown, the 
grandson of the aforesaid Robert Sellar ; and 
the Sellars of Huntly, the weU-knoAvn black- 
smiths and farm implement makers, are his 
near relatives. 

[3.] 
Robert M'Phail, 36 yeai-s blacksmith in 
Nova Scotia, d. at Cachenliead, 1835, a. 78 : — 

My sledge and hammer lie declined ; 

My bellows, too, have lost their wind ; 



DOTRIPnXIE. 



13 



My fire's extinct, my forge decayed ; 

My shovel in the dust is laid. 

My coal is spent, my iron gone ; 

My nails are drove, my woi-k is done ; 

My fire-dried coi-pse lies here at rest ; 

My soul, like smoke, soars to be blest. 
- — The above lines are said to be upon the 
tombstone of a blacksmith, at St. Alban's, 
Hertford, dated 1757. The same epitaph, but 
not of so early a date as 1757, is to be found 
in several burial-grounds in Scotland, 

There is a small upright stone in the church- 
yard, upon which a bow and arrow are rudely 
inscribed. It is said to mark the grave of a 
local William Tell, who, i(, is averred, pierced 
an apple placed upon the head of his own 
son, at the distance of a mile. 

Here, also, in the N.E. corner, under the 
shadow of the dyke, lie the ashes of a poor 
female who committed suicide by hanging 
herself with a hasp of yarn. Though the 
sad event occurred within less than fifty years, 
the parishioners refused to allow her body to 
be laid in the common locality used for graves 
in the churchyard. They also manifested 
their abhorrence of the deed which she had 
committed by breaking to pieces and throwing 
into the grave the spaiks or bearers on which 
the coffin containing her body had been 
carried to the place of interment, and burned 
the unlucky hasp of yarn upon her grave ! 
The grave is still supposed to be haunted ; 
and when the yard is pastured by sheep, it 
is popularly believed that they shrink from 
eating the grass which grows upon the grave 
of poor crazed Tibbie Innes ! 

I am told that about fifty years ago, a cross 
of rude picked stone, in low relief, and about 
o\ feet high, by about 3 feet broad, stood 
within the kirkyard of Botriplinie. Unfortu- 
nately, about the time indicated, the stone 
was broken up by a blacksmith, who used it 
as a hearth for his smiddy ! This had prob- 
ably been the ancient cross of St. Fdaiack's 
fair of Botriplinie. 



The well of the patron saint of the parish, 
which is a very copious spring, is situated in 
the manse garden, and there S. Fdmack 
bathed every morning, summer and winter, 
then dressed himself in green tartan, and did 
penance by crawling round the bounds of 
the parish on hands and knees, imploring 
God to protect it and its inhabitants from 
all sorts of plague and pestilence ! 

His image, in wood, was long preserved in 
the parish, and a note, dated about 1726, 
states that it was " washed yearly, with much 
formality, by an old woman (quho keeps it) 
at his Fare (on the 3rd of jNIay) in his own 
well here," (properly 15th Feb. o.s.) 

There are many stories told regarding tlie 
fate of this relic. According to one version, 
it was carried away when the Isla was in 
flood, and became stranded at the mouth of 
the Deveron ; another saj^s it was burned as a 
monument of superstition, in presence of the 
parish minister of Botriplinie ; and a third 
(here given on the authority of a local infor- 
mant) says that, some time after it had been 
carried in procession, accompanied by singing 
and bagpiping, the clergy interfered, and not 
only was the image itself broken to pieces, but 
some of the leaders in the procession were 
brought under church censure as propagators 
of idolatr}^. 

Drummuir Castle, the seat of xilajor Gordon- 
Duff of Drummuir and Park, built about 
1848, is one of the finest and most picturesque 
mansions in Banffshire. It occupies a rising 
ground on the north bank of the Isla, sur- 
rounded by trees, and the beauty of the place 
is much enhanced by its commanding a view 
of Loch Park, a fine sheet of water, about a 
mile in length and upwards of eighty yards in 
width, interspersed with artificial islets for the 
accommodation of the swans and other water 
fowls that frequent it. 

[Ins- Compared by the Rev. Jlr. Masson.] 



14 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



i^t00* 






(S. FIACRE, CONFESSOK.) 

ING WILLIAM the LION gave the kirk 
of Nijg to the Abbey of Arbroath at the 
time of its foundation. The church was within 
the diocese of St. Andrew.s, and in 1242, 
under the designation of Nig ultra le Month, 
it was dedicated by Bishop David (Eobertson's 
Statuta Ecolesise ScoticanEe). 

It is rated at 10 merks in the Old Taxation. 
In 1567, the kii'ks of Nigg and Eanchory- 
Devenick were served by Mr. David Menzies 
as minister, who had 100 merks yearly. Mr. 
Eobert Merser was " persona and exhorter, and 
to minister the sacramentis," he had " tlie 
thrid of the personage free," extending to 
£34 13s. 4d. Scots, The contemporary 
reader at Nigg was John Leslie, who had 24 
merks a-year (Eeg. of Ministers, &c.) 

A handsome new church, with square bel- 
fry, was erected in 1829 upon the lands of 
Kmcorth, and on the north side of the Aber- 
deen and Stonehaven turnpike road. 

The old kirk, which is roofless, and whoso 
area is used for interments, stands within the 
burial-ground, upon the east side of the Bay 
of Nigg. This Bay is also known by the 
names of Fiacre and Sandy Fittick Bay. 

A vane upon the old belfry is dated 1763, 
and the belfry itself presents, " M. — M. 
Minister, 1704." These traces refer to the 
tim3 of Mr. Eichard Maitland (1674-1719), 
who was succeeded as minister of Nigg by Mr. 
James Farquhar. 

Mr. Farquhar was previously at Tyrie, and 
many stories are stiU told of his feats of 
strength and of his pulpit eccentricities. As 
an illustration of the former, it is said that he 
quelled the parishioners who had met to ob- 
struct his induction at Nigg by laying violent 
hands upon the ringleaders ; while tradition 



relates, in regard to the latter, that "a dandy," 
who appeared in the kirk one Sunday — dressed 
in a red coloured vest, embroidered with lace — 
having conducted himself during service in 
an unbecoming manner, Mr. Farquhar in the 
course of his prayer emphatically exclaimed 
— " Lord, if it be Thy holy will, hew 
doon that scarlet-breastit sinner wi' the gryte 
gully o' Thy gospel ! " 

Mr. Farquhar appears to have been an 
Anti-Jacobite, and is said to have been nick- 
named John Gilone. AVhen he came to the 
parish he was thus described, in a now forgot- 
ten rhyme — 

" John Gilone, the great horse leech, 
When he came first to Nigg to preach." 

This had probably been a satire by j\Ieston, 
for in one of his poems (p. 219), he speaks of 
"John Gilon" in anything but complimentary 
tonus. 

It might be supposed that the sobriquet of 
" John Gilone" was rather intended for Mr. 
John Gellie, but the poem referred to was 
printed before Mr. Gellie went to Nigg, he 
having been ordained assistant and successor 
to Mr. Farquhar in 1743. He predeceased 
Mr. James Farquhar in 1753, and was suc- 
ceeded by Mr. John Farquhar, who died 
in 1768 (Scott's Fasti). The kirk bell was 
bought during the time of the latter, and upon 
it is this inscription : — 

JOHN . MOW AT . ME . FE . 1759 

IN . USUM . ECCLESI^ . NIGG 

SABBATA . PANGO . FUNERA . PLANGO. 

[John Mowat made me, 1759, for the use of 
the kirk of Nigg. Sabbaths I proclaim, at 
funerals I toll.] 

The old kirk of Nigg contained some carv- 
ings in oak, and one of two panels in posses- 
sion of Mr. Barnet, Old Schoolhouse, dated 
1658, presents a shield, impaled, dexter, a 
tankard or jug, with handle, hoops, and spoon 



NIGG. 



15 



horizontally, sinister the Meldrum (^) arms. 
Upon the other is this distich : — 

WITH . OVE . IKTENT . WE . DOE . PRESENT 

WITH . HEART . INTEIR . GODS . WORD . TO . HEIR. 

The oldest tombstone in the burial-ground 
is dated 1619, and initialed J. C. Another, 
embellished with the Keith and Eamsay arms, 
initialed, G. K. : M. K., is thus inscribed ; — 

HE . . . LYES . ANE . HONEST . MAN . GEORGE 
KEYTH . READER . AT . THIS . KIRK . WHO . 
DEPAIRTED . . . Y . 23 . THE . YEAR . OF . GOD . 
1639 . AND . OF . HIS . AGE . 61 . AND . MAR- 
lORY . RAMSAY . HIS . SPOVS. 

A flat stone, near the last-mentioned, has a 
shield in the centre, charged with a mill-rind, 
and a mullet of six points in base ; also this 
inscription : — 

GVLIELM' . MYLNE . INCOLA . VILL.« . DE . 
KINCORTH . CHRI .... CAVSA . AB . INIMICIS . 10 
. IVLII . 1645 . OCCISVS . INNOCENTER . A . LAHORE 
. HIC . PACE . QVIESCIT . QVEM . PIETAS . PROBITAS 
. SACRVM . FfEDVSCi' . BEARTNT . NVMINIS . HI- 
BERNI . COKCIDIT . ENSE . TRVCIS . IN . CINERES 
. VBRTOR. 

[William Mylne, tenant of Kincorth, slain 
by his enemies on the 10th of July, 1645, for the 
cause of Christ, here rests in peace from his la- 
bours. This man, whom piety, probit}', and God's 
holy covenant made happy, feU by the sword of 
a savage Irishman. I am turned to ashes.] 

— The " savage Irishman" bad probably been 
one of Montrose's Highlanders, ]\Iontrose and 
his army having been at Aberdeen at the time 
mentioned, whither they came after their 
victory over the Covenanters at Alford. Upon 
an adjoining slab : — 

heir . LYES . AN . HONNEST . MAN . GEORGE 
. GARTLI . IN . LORSTOVN . HVSBAND . TO . 
AGNES . BONER . WHO . DEPARTED . THIS . 
LYFE . YE . 19 . OF . NOVEMBER . 1658 . AND 
. OF . AGE . 49. 

From a marble slab in front wall of old 
church : — 

Sacred to the memory of James C.ilder, mer- 
chant in Aberdeen, who departed this life 10"' 
September, 1832, aged 87 years. And Anne 
Stephen, his wife, who died the 8"" December, 
1829, aged 81 years. Two of their sons died at 
Gibraltai-, John, the 18'" April, 1803, in his 25"' 



year, and James, the 6"" November, 1804, in his 
23'' year. William, who died 1'' October, 1804, 
in his 16"' year, and Alexander, in infancy, are 
interred here. 

— Mr. Calder, who was a wine merchant in 
Aberdeen, left over £1000 to the poor of his 
native parish of Kigg. He was the father of 
Mrs. Elmslie, who, in 1836, devoted the sum of 
£26,000 to the erection and endowment of an 
liospital at Aberdeen for orphan and destitute 
girls (New Stat. Acct.). Mrs. Elmslie repaired 
the kirkyard dykes of Nigg, also the walls of 
the old kirk, at her own expense. 
Upon a table-shaped stone : — 

In memory of Marjory Cruden, who died on 
the 1st of AprU, 1819, in the 50th year of her re- 
sidence with her brother, David Cruden, D.D., 
minister of Nigg, aged 80 years. Also of the 
Reverend David Cruden, Doctor of Divinity, 
who died tlie 8th day of November, 1826, in the 
81st year of his age, being minister of this parish 
for 57 years. 

— Dr. Cruden and his sister left about £80 to 
the poor of the parish of Nigg. Their father was 
a merchant in Aberdee|ii, and one of their 
brothers was some time provost, and another a 
baillie of that city. It was in Dr. Cruden's time, 
and on 28th November, 1797, that James 
Shepherd, in whom were combined the odd 
pluralities of a barber and field preacher, was 
married ac Torry village to Nelly Auld. He 
was about 20, she about 77 years of age ! The 
bride was three feet high, and deformed to 
the last degree of distortion. Though the day 
was very stormy and rough, so great was the 
public curiosity that not only the ferry-boats, 
but the whale-boats were employed a great 
part of the day carrying people across the 
river, to witness nuptials so extraordinary 
(Scots Maga.) 

It was through Dr. Cruden's influence that 
ISIr. Thorn was appointed his successor at 
Nigg. Mr. Thom, who was some time Master 
of Gordon's Ho.spital, died in 1843, aged 84, 
and his spouse, Mary Beycb, in 1852, aged 
68. Their sravestone is within the old kirk. 



16 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



The oldest of several monuments, which re- 
late to the family of Gibbon, bears : — 

Sacred to the memory of C'iiarles Gibbon, 
merchant in Aberdeen, who departed this life on 
the 17th Septr., 1800, aged 52 years. And of his 
first wife, Margaret Nicol, who departed this 
life on the ITth November, 1779, aged 31 yeare. 
And of his second wife, Bachel-Susan Far- 
QUHAR, who departed this life on the 18th 
February, 1812, aged 43 years. Also of Mart, 
daughter of Charles Gibbon, by his firet wife, 
who departed this life on the 25th December, 
1783, in her fifth year, ah of whose remains are 
deposited near this spot. 

— The only son of the above-named Charles 
Gibbon and his second wife, succeeded, through 
the settlement of his maternal uncle, Mr. 
James Farquhar of Hallgrecn, M.P., to the 
estate of John.stone or Laurencekirk, in the 
Mearns, and Mr. Gibbon's onlj' child, married 
Mr. D. A. Pearson of Northclift'e, W.S., and has 
issue. Mr. Pearson's father, who was also a 
W.S., was the son of a maltster and burgess 
of Kirkcaldy ; and the Gibbons, whose ances- 
tors were respectable tradesmen at TUlieoch, 
in Edit (Poll Book, i. 205), acquii'ed money 
as shipowners in Aberdeen, of which city Mr. 
Gibbon's father was a magistrate. Upon 
another of the Gibbon monuments : — 

In memory of Hugh Cochran and Martha 
Gibbon, who lived in matrimony 58 years, and 
both died in 182(5. And of their son Alexander 
Cochran, shipowner in Aberdeen, who died 19th 
October, 1837, aged 62 years ; and of Elizabeth 
Campbell, his second wife, who died 1st August, 
1 848, aged 63 years. 

— Mr. Hugh Cochran, who was captain of a 
merchant vessel, came from the Xorth of 
England. His son was twice married, first to 
Elizabeth, only child of Mr. George Eoger, 
goldsmith, Aberdeen, and by her he had the 
late jNIr. F. J. Cochran, advocate, Aberdeen, 
and laird of Balfour, in Birse. His second 
wife was the daughter of Mr. Wm. Campbell, 
horse-hirer, who did good service to Aberdeen 
during the riots which were caused by the 
Eoss and Cromarty Eangers on the King's 



birthday of 1802, when some of the citizens 
were killed and many wOunded by the soldiers. 
(Information from Mr. J. Eettie, Aberdeen.) 

Another family of the surname of Gibbon 
bury on the north side of the churchyard. 
They were also engaged in shipping at Aber- 
deen, and their tombstones (three in number) 
exhibit some long ages. Eobeet and Arthur 
Gibbon, who died in 1821 and 1861 respec- 
tively, attained their 83rd and 80th years. 
The latter had a large family by his wife 
Elizabeth IMontgomery, one of whom, " Geor- 
GiNA Montgomery, Baroness de Boeder, their 
youngest daughter, died at Innsbruck, Tyrol, 
5th Dec, 1850, in her 28th year." 

William Gibbon, junior, who died in 1821, 
aged- 70, was of this branch. He Avas the 
father of the Eev. Dr. Gibbon of Lonmay, and 
of Alex. Gibbon of Staunton, the former of 
whom died in his 82nd, and the latter in his 
91st year, also of several daughters, three of 
whom were long-lived. 

The following inscription is from a head- 
stone which cannot now be seen, although it 
stood until within these few years near the 
north dyke of the burial-ground : — 

Near this spot are iuteiTedthe bodies of Thomas 
Stamp, aged 18, and John Taylor, mate, who 
were lost from the ship, Thomas, in the Bay of 
Nigg, in a storm on the 19th Dec, 1803, and cast 
ashore. Capt. Eeay Johnson, three seamen, and 
a boy perished at the same time, while four per- 
sons were saved. Mr. John Stamp, shipowner, 
North Shields, the sorrowful father, erected this 
monument over his dear and only son. 

From flat slabs : — 

1752. Here lyes Alexr Spark, laxfisher in 
Tulos, who departed this life in the 12 of March 
1765, and of his age the 70 years. [A dr. Jean, 
d. 1752, a. 17 y. 4 ms.] As also Lvnet Ander- 
son, laful spous to the foresaid Alexr. Spark, who 
departed this life the 12 of October, and of her 
age 78 years. 

[2.] 

W. M. : 1\I. F. Here lyes, under hopes of a 
blessed resurrection, William IkLvRNOH, mer- 



NIGG. 



17 



chant burgess of Abd., who departed this life the 
15th day of March 1706, and of his age 33 years. 
Memento mori. 

[3.] 
I. M. : I. D. Here lyes in hope of a blessed 
resurrection, Iohn Maknoch, who lived in Bal- 
uagask, and departed this life y' the 29 of No- 
vember 1716, and of his age 46 years. [His 
spouse, Jean Drummond, died 1717, aged 43.] 

Within an enclosure : — 

Here lie tlie remains of George Thomson, 
Esq., who departed this life the 15th May, 1823, 
aged 85 years. His life sober, his heart benevo- 
lent. In his last will he was mindful of the edu- 
cation of the children of the Cove, of the aged 
and indigent women of Aberdeen, and of the 
poor of the Chapel of Ease, Gilcomston. 

From a tablestone, upon which a fishing- 
boat is represented in full sail with seven of a 
crew, and two fish leaping out of the sea : — 

In memory of John Robertson, whitefisher in 
Cove, who died on the 20th July 1825, aged 79 
years. He filled the office of elder in this parish 
for near 30 yeara faithfidly and usefully. He 
feared God ; was an honest, sober, and peaceable 
man ; industrious in his calling ; and an affec- 
tionate husband ; and a good father. &c. 

From a granite monument on north side 
of ohuroh : — 

In memory of George Symmers of Cults, who 
died 22"'! December 1839, aged 74. 

— Mr. Symmers, who was come of a fanner 
family in Nigg, was a cloth merchant in Aber- 
deen, and left a considerable fortune, besides 
the property of Cults. His successor in busi- 
ness, Mr. Shirra Gibb, who succeeded to Cults, 
is also proprietor of Auchronie, in Kinellar. 
From a tablestone : — 

In memory of John Philip, who died 23d 
Aprd, 1795, in the 90"' year of his age. He was 
farmer of KirkhiU 47 years, an elder of this 
parish, an affectionate husband, a good father, 
and a peaceable, industrious and honest man, 
who feared God. Also of Margaret Murray, 
his spouse, who died 5"" September, 1794, aged 
78 yeara, a kind and dutiful wife, a careful 
mother, and vertuous woman. 

Upon a tablestone : — 

Erected by his Friends to the memory of 
John Davidson, printer in Aberdeen, who died 



the first day of March, MDCCCXXXIX, aged 
39. 

— Of Mr. Davidson, who was one of the 
publishers of the Aberdeen Observer, and who 
was familiarly known in that office as " our 
John," the Aberdeen Herald remarks that, 
" an honester, more straightforward, more 
obliging man did not exist. . . . Filling 
a public situation, in which he was patronised 
by the Tories, he was yet, to use a common 
expression in its best sense, ' every body's 
body,' and had the goodwill of the ultra- 
Radicals, as well as the ' extreme section' of 
the Conservative party." 

The next three inscriptions (the two last 
being abridged) are from headstones : — 

Erected by Ann Watson in memory of her 
husband George Robertson, of the Previutive 
Service, who died 25th Jan., 1822, aged 23 years. 
He lost his life in endeavouring to save the crew 
of the Mary of Gardenston. 

Dear wife and orphan child, 
Grive not for me, for since my race 
is run. It is the Lord and let his will 
be done. As for your loss 'tis my 
eternal gain. Then what Just 
reason have you to complain. 

[2.] 
William Webster, " carpenter, on board the 
barque Parina, which was destroyed by Pirates 
in the China Seas, on or about the 12"' of Septr., 
1863, aged 33." 

[3.] 
Alex. Fowlie, fireman, " Earl of Aberdeen" 
steamer, was lost at sea, Aug. 27, 1826, a. 26 : — 
His bed is in the deep, and his pillow is the 

wave ; 
His friends may for him weep, but can never 
see his grave. 

A granite monument in the east wall of 
the churchyard commemorates the deaths of 
Egbert Davidson of Balnagask, who died in 
1826, aged 90, and his spouse Christian 
Philip, who died in 1807, aged — . It also 
contains the names of several of their sons and 
daughters. Alexander, who was born in 
1786, and died in 1868, was long engaged as 



18 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



a flour-miller in London, and left a good estate 
out of whicli he bequeathed, among other 
legacies, the sum of £1200 to the village of 
Terry for educational jDurposes. Before buy- 
ing Balnagask, Mr. Eobert Davidson farmed 
that property. His son, Alexander, who after- 
wards bought Kirkhillocks and Craigieshaw, 
left Balnagask and Kirkhillocks to ISIr. David- 
son, the son of a sister's daughter, and Craigie- 
shaw to Mr. Molison, a nephew of his own. 



The original grant by William the Lion of 
the kirk of Xigg to the Abbey of Arbroath, 
was added to by his son Alexander II., who 
gave the whole lands of Nigg to the same 
monastery. At a later period (1495), James 
IV. erected the village of Torry into a burgh 
of barony, and granted the inhabitants autho- 
rity to deal in all sorts of commodities, to hold 
weekly and yearly markets, to erect a cross, 
&c. There was probably a church here at 
this date, for the same charter contains an ex- 
pression of the devotion which the King had 
for the memory of S. Fotinus, patron of Torry 
(Reg. Nig. Aberb., 292). 

The ancient and honourable privilege of a 
burgh has long fallen into abeyance, but it is 
to be hoped, now that the village of Torry, 
through the straightening of the Dee and 
other improvements, is yearly becoming a 
place of more importance, that its ancient 
rights will be resuscitated and preserved by 
the re-erection of a cross — for there had, doubt- 
less, been one Ln old times — and that, like the 
more modern burghs of Stonehaven, Auchin- 
blae, and Laurencekirk, Torry will have its 
own baillies and magistrates. 

The inhabitants of Torry are engaged chiefly 
in deep-sea fishing, and two leading lighthouses 
there are both inscribed thus : — 

ERECTED BY THE HARBOUR TRUSTEES, \9>iZ. 

THOS. BLAIKIE, ESQ., LORD PROVOST. 

.^I.EX. HADDEN, ESQ., MASTER OF SHOKEWORES. 



It is said that the Abbots of Arbroath had 
a residence upon the haugh on the south side 
of the Dee. AU trace of the old building is 
gone ; but Abbot's Walls is still the name of a 
farm near Kincorth. It is called " Abbots' 
hall" in old titles, and in 1592, when Duncan 
Forbes of Monymusk had a feu of lands in 
and around Torry, " the yah'dis of the maner 
place" of Abbotshall are specially mentioned. 

The Forheses were succeeded in half the 
lands and barony of Torry by Thomas Menzies 
of Pitfodels, by whose grandson, John, a 
portion of the same was sold, about 1783-5, 
to the town of Aberdeen, the Struak Strype 
or Burn being the boundary. The Aberdeen 
portion lies upon the east, the Pitfodels por- 
tion .upon the west side of the rivulet, and 
from one or other of these proprietors, or their 
representatives, the half lands of Torry are held 
in feu. The Panmure family, as successors 
of the Abbots of Arbroath, held the superiority 
of Nigg from 16 •12, until theii' attainder in 
1715. 

There were a chapel and burial-place near 
Abbot's Walls, and ruins of the buUdings were 
visible towards the close of the last century 
(Old Stat. Acct.) The existence of another 
ecclesiastical foundation is to be traced in the 
name of " the Sjnfal burn," which falls into 
the Dee between Potheugh and Kincorth. The 
name possibly shews that the Abbots had a 
hospice or lodging there for the convenience of 
pilgrims and travellers when on their way to 
and from the North. 

One of the earliest recorded tacksmen under 
the Abbot was Sir Alexander Fraser, who, in 
1312, had a lease of the lands of Torry from 
the celebrated Abbot Bernard. Towards the 
close of the same century, Kincorth was 
tenanted by Paul Crabb, who (1380) gave an 
annuity out of the lands of Kincorth towards 
the support of the " Causey Mounth," or 
the road which led from Stonehaven to 



NIGG. 



19 



Aberdeen, through " the Muir of Drumna- 
■whacket," to the ferry on the Dee. 

The erection of the Bridge of Dee and the 
Craiglug Bridge has rendered this ferry unne- 
cessary. A boat still plies between Footdee 
and Torry, where, on the 5th of April, 1876, 
being the spring fast day of Aberdeen, a sad 
catastrophe occurred by over-crowding and 
consequent capsizing of the boat, which re- 
sulted in the loss of 32, out of 70 lives. 

A family, who bore the name of Kincorth, 
were, in 1436, vassals of the Abbots, and ap- 
pear to have assumed their surname from the 
place where they w'ere located. Andrew of 
Kincorth and Gilbert Arthur had a lease of 
the passage boat from the Abbot at the above 
date, for which they were bound to pay 1 8s. 
in money and 12 capons yearly. Early char- 
ters also show the interesting fact that sur- 
names which were then known still exist in 
and about Aberdeen, such as those of Pratt 
and Shearer. One of the former, a burgess of 
Aberdeen, had a lease of the town of Banna- 
gask in 1480, and four years later, one of the 
latter, a canon of Aberdeen, had a tack of the 
teind sheaves of the Kirkhill of Nigg. 

There are three other villages besides Torry 
in the parish — Burnbauk, Charkstown, and 
Cove. Charlestown was anciently called 
Drumfoskie, and at Cove are a public school, 
an Episcopal mission house, and a railway 
station. The vLUage of Cove and adjoining 
lands were bought some years ago by Dr. 
Alexander Kilgour of Aberdeen, who, 
through his skill as a medical practitioner, 
acquired both reputation and wealth. He 
died at Loirston House in 1874, aged about 
70. Besides being eminent as a physician, he 
possessed a great taste for literature, and con- 
tributed to the periodicals of the day many 
articles of local and general interest. 

In records of the 16th century, the village 
of Cove is described as the " toun of Coif, 



callit Halyman's Coif." The former name had 
arisen from the number of caves and inlets 
which exist among the rocks in the neigh- 
bourhood ; and the latter may have orii;inated 
from one or more of the caves having been se- 
lected as the abodes of some of those self-sacri- 
ficing and holy men who, regardless alike of 
remuneration and fame, had there dwelt and 
raised beacon-fires to warn mariners of impend- 
ing danger, or supplied the wants of those who 
escaped from shipwreck or other calamities, 
upon this, which is still a dangerous and much 
feared part of the east coast of Scotland. 

The lighthouse and artillery battery, upon 
the headland of the Girdleness, between the 
Eiver Dee and the Bay of Nigg, are piromi- 
nent objects in the landscape, particularly the 
former, which was erected in 1831-3. In this 
locality a new breakwater has been constructed 
by the Harbour Trustees for the purpose of 
improving the harbour of Aberdeen, and en- 
suring the safety of vessels at the mouth of 
the Dee. 

It is said that there were ruins at one 
time near the Girdleness, which were called 
" Wallace Castle ;" but some are of opinion, 
and possibly rightly so, that, like " Wallace 
Nook" in Aberdeen, the name had been simply 
a corruption of Well house. 

The well of S. Fiacre or S. Fittach was 
near Wallace Castle, and, like other holy weUs, 
it was much frequented by the superstitious. 
The session records of Aberdeen (28th Nov., 
1630) show that a female was adjudged " in 
ane wnlaw of fy ve puuds .... for directing 
hir nwrisli with hir bairne to Sanct Fiackes 
Well, and washing the bairne thairin for re- 
coverie of hir health." Upon the same day it 
was ordained that wdiosoever should go to this 
well " in ane superstitious manner, for seiking 
health to thame selffis or bairnes" should be 
censured and dealt with as " fornicatours" 
(Spalding Club Books.) 



20 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



C r m t» a I e, 

(S. MA-LXJAC, AND S. BRIDGET.) 

trpTHE cliurches of Cromdol and Adwij were 
**» botli given to the Catbedral of Moray 
by Malcolm, Earl of Fife, along with the privi- 
leges and rights which were then common to 
such gifts. CromdoU and Aduyn are men- 
tioned (1226) as two of eight of the old canon- 
ries which belonged to the See of Moray (Reg. 
de Morav). 

Both churches are rated at 40s. in the Old 
Taxation. In 1561, the parsonage of Advy 
and Cromdale were let for a term of 1 9 years 
to John Grant of Fruchy, for 40 merks a-year. 
Thomas Austean was minister of both parishes 
in 1574, and had a stipend of £26 13s. 4d. 
Duncan Mackphaill, reader, was " paid by 
the parson." 

The present church of Cromdale, which 
stands on the south bank of the Spey, was 
built in 1809. It is a plain edifice ; and, as 
in many other parts of the Highlands, a pulpit 
is erected near a tree in the churchyard, for 
extra preachings in summer and at communion 
times. 

The burial-ground is surrounded by a sub- 
stantial stone dyke. There are a number of 
monuments, but all bear modern dates. One 
within an enclosure, and in front of the kirk, 
exhibits a carving of the Grant arms, and this 
inscription : — 

Sacred to the memory of Mrs. Grakt of Burn- 
side, daughter of George Macpherson, Esq. of 
Invereshie, who was a sincere Christian, an alFec- 
tionate wife, and a dutiful kind parent, and was 
ever charitable and most amiable. She departed 
this life in 1835, in the QS"" year of her age. 

— The above refers to Jane, youngest daughter 
of Mr. Macpherson, by Grace, daughter of 
Col. Grant, and maternal aunt to the first 
baronet of Ballindalloch (Epitaphs, i. 144). 
The father of Mrs. Grant of Burnside's hus- 



band took part with Prince Charles, and was 
present at the battle of Prestonpans. He 
afterwards became a W.S., and died at Edin- 
burgh in 1790 (Stat. Acct.) 

The next inscription (abridged) refers to 
one of "the men" (Epitaphs, i. 143), or those 
who believed that their knowledge of the 
Scriptures was superior to that of most of 
their neighbours : — 

Lachlan Cameron, son of James Cameron, in 
Sheuval of Delvey, " a man of good underatand- 
ing and given to hospitality," died 1783, aged 43. 

The next four inscriptions are from monu- 
ments within an enclosure : — 

Sacred to tlie memory of Robert Grant, Esq. 
of Kincorth, sou of Mr. David Grant and of 
Margaret Grant, his wife, resideuters in Lethen- 
dry in this parish, both of whom ax-e here in- 
terred, descended from the Clan Chiam branch 
of the famOy of Grant ; an original member of 
the North-West Company in Canada. In busi- 
ness he gained respect and confidence by honour 
and integrity. In aU relations of private life 
exemplary. Born 3rd March, 1752 ; died at 
Kincorth, 10th August, 1801. Also in affection- 
ate remembrance of Mrs. Ann Grant, relict of 
the above Robert Grant, who died at Forres 
House, on the 19th of May, 1864, aged 95. 

[2.] 

In memory of Lewis Grant, Esq., sometime 
merchant in Bombay, second son of the late 
Robert Grant, Esq. of Kincorth ; born at Kincorth, 
12th Sept., 1801 ; died at the same place, 17th 
February, 1854. An affectionate and dutiful 
son, a most attached brother, an upright and 
amiable man. This monument is erected to re- 
cord his vh-tues, by his afflicted and affectionate 
brother. 

[3.] 

In memory of Mrs. Robina Anne Grant, 
eldest daughter of the late Robert Grant, Esq', of 
Kincorth, and wife of John Peter Grant, Esq'., 
residing at Invererne House, near Forres, by 
whom this stone is erected to record his affection 
and e.steem. He died upon 11th Sept'., 1830, 
aged 52 years. Her only sister, Mrs. Davina 
Grant, wife of Frederic Grant, Esq. of Mount 
Cyrus, Kincardineshire, where her mortal re- 
mains are deposited in the burying-ground of 
St. Cyrus parish. She died on 8th March, 1828, 
aged 27 years. 



OROMDALE. 



21 



— Eobert and Lewis Grant were twin brothers, 
and tlieir mother was a daughter of the minis- 
ter of Cromdale. The husband of their sister, 
Eobina, was a son of Mrs. Grant of Laggan, 
authoress of Poems, Letters from the Moun- 
tains, &c. The property of Mount C\tus (now 
Ecclesgreig) still belongs to a maternal de- 
scendant of these Grants (Epitaphs, i. 42). 
[4.] 
Sacred to the memory of Robert Grant of 
Kincorth, who died on the lO"- August, 1801, in 
the 49"' year of his age. Also in memory of 
Lewis, infant son of Eobert Grant and Edith 
Eaton, his wife, who died at Forres House, on 
the 17"' November, 1861, aged thirteen months. 

From a table-shaped (enclosed) stone : — 

Erected to the memory of Alexander Car- 
MICHAEL of Congash, wlio died the 14th Novem- 
ber, 1803, in the 64th year of his age. He was 
justly esteemed and sincerely regretted for his 
uniform integrity and general benevolence. 

Lieut.-Col. Lewis Carmichael, born at Kiu- 
rara, June 26, 1792, died at FoiTes, August 8, 
1844. Entering the army in 1809, as an Ensign 
in the 59th regt. of Foot, he served his country 
34 years with distinguished honour. At Vittoria, 
San Sebastian, NiveUe, Nive, and Waterloo, he 
earned the reputation of a zealous and intrepid 
officer ; and at the assault of Bhurtpore, for a 
feat of extraordinary valour, he was officially 
thanked by the General in command. Sir Jasper 
Nicolls. His efforts in contributing to restore 
order in Canada during the commotions of 1838, 
&c., were duly appreciated and acknowledged by 
the Local Government, and by aU the well-aflFec- 
ted in that Colony. As a man he was kind and 
generous, devoted to the interests of his country, 
beloved by his companions in arms, and esteemed 
by all who knew him. After a short but pain- 
ful illness, which he bore with Clu-istian sub- 
mission to Divine Will, be died in the hope of a 
blessed resurrection. This monument his sorrow- 
ing sistera have erected to an aff'ectionate and 
lamented brother, 1845. 

There are five tablets on the south side of 
the church to a family named Houston, the 
earliest recorded of whom, Alex. Houston, 
and his wife, Jane Cruickshank, lived in 
Grantown, and died respectively in 1808 and 
1796. The deaths of two sons and two 
daughters are recorded. The eldest son. 



James, and his wife, Helen Macdonald, died 
in 1842 and 1863 respectively, and the fol- 
lowing refers to one of their family : — 

In memory of Alexr. Cruickshank Houston, 
Lieut. 62d regiment, Bengal N.I., " an officer of 
proved gallantry and great promise," born 25th 
March, 1829, atKu'kton of InveraUan, died 29th 
May, 1855, at Fort Abouzaie, in the Punjaub, 
where the officers of his regiment have erected a 
monument over his gi'ave. 



The more important objects of antiquity in 
the parish of Cromdale are the castles of 
Muckrooh and Lochindorb. The former has 
been before referred to (Epitaphs, i. 142), and 
an account of the latter is to be found in every 
book of any note regarding the history of 
Scotland, as well as in Guide Books. Lochin- 
dorb Castle appears to have been built upon 
an island, partly, if not wholly, artificial, by 
the ancient lords of Buchan, and, according to 
Wyntown, the " Black Comyn" died there. 
Edward I. occupied the castle during his 
second invasion of Scotland, in 1 303, and it 
was from this mountain keep that The Wolf 
of Badenoch — Stewart, Earl of Athol — sallied, 
nearly a century later, to harry the lowlands 
of Morayshire, and set fire to the grand 
cathedral of Elgin, as graphically told by Sir 
Thomas Dick Lauder in his novel of the Wolf 
of Badenoch. The property and castle of 
Lochindorb passed from the Moray family to 
the lairds of Cawdor, and are now owned by 
the Earl of Seafield. 

The most popular historical incident con- 
nected with the locality, is the battle which 
took place near the church of Cromdale, in 
1690, when the forces of King William over- 
threw those of James VII. This action is 
believed to have given rise, in part at least, to 
the ballad of the Haughs of Cromdale. 

Castle Grant, a seat of the Earl of Seafield, 
contains some curious family portraits, and 
many valuable pictures by the Old Masters. 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



It is in the neighbourhood, of the thriving 
village of Grantown, which was founded in 
1776 by Sir Jas. Grant of Grant. Grantown 
is well laid out, and contains many good 
buildings, including churches, an orphan hos- 
pital, a town-house, branch banks, &c. The 
visit of her Majesty and suite, in September, 
1860, did much to raise its popularity ; and 
having a station upon the Highland line of 
railway, it is much frequented in summer. 
Upon a stone at Speybridge : — 

. . . D. 1754. . . VB COMPANIES OF THE 33D 
REQIMENT, THE RIGHT HONOURABLE CHARLES 
HAT, COLONEL, ENDED . . . 

— This seems to refer to the construction of 
Speybridge, which consists of three arches, 
with a roadway of about 160 feet in length. 
The smallest of the arches (about 20 feet of 
span) was destroyed by the floods of 1829. 

It was the above-named Hon. Col. Hay who 
behaved so bravely at the siege of Gibraltar 
and at the battle of Fontenoy. He was third 
son of the Marquis of Tweeddale, became pro- 
prietor of Linplum, and was made Colonel of 
the 33rd Regiment in 1752. He went to 
America as second in command under General 
Hopson, and having expressed himself dis- 
gusted with the inactivity of his superior 
officer, he was tried by court-martial at Lon- 
don in February, 1760, but the result of his 
trial never came to light (Douglas' Peerage). 

.V\\\^Wk\VV\VWVVNNV%%%\\\VW\\VWVVW%VVVWVW%\ 

a ti I) i c* 

(S. ) 

THE ruins of the church of Advie occupy 
a hillock about six miles below the kirk 
and boat of Cromdale. A considerable jjortion 
of the walls of the church still remains, the 
east gable being the most entire. The walls 
are about three feet thick, and the inside 



measurement of the fabric is about 20 by 52 
feet. The ruins of a roofless " watch-house" 
are near the south-west corner. 

The kirkyard dykes are in keeping with the 
crazy state of the kirk walls, but being sur- 
rounded by a few ash and fir trees, the site is 
not destitute of picturesque beauty. Fine 
views of the shooting lodge of Tulchan, and 
of the river Spey are obtained from it. 

There are about a dozen grave-stones within 
the area of the ruins, and in the churchyard. 
From these the two inscriptions below are 
selected. The first is upon a granite obelisk, 
the second upon a plain headstone : — 

[1-] 
In memory of the late Adam Stewart, Esq., 
Mains of Dalvey, and of Marjory Grant, his 
spouse. Also of their sons, William, sui'geon in 
the 58th Eegt., who died tlie and 

Gregor, surgeon in the 18th Eegt., who died at 
Hong-Kong, the 18th August, 1846. 

— James, younger son of Adam Stewart, be- 
came minister of the adjoining parish of Aber- 
nethy, where he died in 1862, aged 57. Being 
of an open and frank disposition, he was much 
respected in his parish, while his attainments 
in literature and science gained him many 
friends at a distance. He was one of the best 
violinists in the north, and excelled in Strath- 
speys. " A thorough Highlander in feeling 
(Scott's Fasti), he had a treasure of Highland 
legends, and being gifted with a poetic genius, 
had several specimens of his verses printed in 
the Banffshire Journal." 

[2.] 
Erected by Peter Grant, Ballifurth, in memory 
of his son John Grant, who died May 15, 1843, 
aged 19 yeare. Remember man, &c. 

6th May, 1854, Elsie Grant IjIvinqston died 
ill the faith, Prov. xiv. 13, aged 26. 
By grace I say, 
I hope alway, 
I'll see my resm-rection day. 
Also, in memory of the foresaid Peter Grant, 
late tenant, Ballifurth, who died on the 12th day 
of August, 1855, aged 78 yeara. 



METHLICK. 



23 



There is still a Mission Church, and regular 
service is held, at Advie, and according to a 
correspondent of the Banffshire Journal, the 
district has some features of interest, in so far 
as it forms — 1, the boundary between the 
counties of Moray and Banff ; 2, the boundary 
between the parishes of Cromdale and Inver- 
aven ; 3, tlie boundary between Seafield and 
BallindaUoch estates ; 4, the boundary be- 
tween the Buchan and Moray N^ations at the 
Aberdeen University ; 5, the boundary between 
Lower and Upper Strathspey ; and 6, the 
boundary between the Gaelic and English 
speaking population, Gaelic being still regu- 
larly preached in Cromdale Church. 

In addition to the parish of Advie, that of 
Inverallan is also united to Cromdale. It 
was erected into a (7?/on(Z sacra parish in 1869, 
and is known by the name of Gran'town. 



Traces of pre-historic remains have been 
found in the united parishes, such as stone 
cists and urns, funeral cairns, and so-caUed 
Druidical circles. The more important of 
these have been described either ia the 
Statistical Accounts, tourists' guide-books, or 
the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries 
of Scotland. 

[Ins. of C. and A. compd. throuj^h Rev. Mr. Macqueen.] 

SWkV%\V%\VNV*NVVWVWVV\VW\\N%\\%\VVVVWV\\W\V\ 



(S. DEVENICK, COKFESSOR.) 

THE church oi Aletheleek, which is rated at 
40 merks in the Taxation of 1275, be- 
longed to the Cathedral of Aberdeen. In 
1365, Walter of Menteith gave to the vicar of 
the kirk of Mdhelak a piece of land in the 
Haugh of Ethoyn (Ythan), which was bounded 
on the west by the burn of Melok, on the 



north by the river Ethoyn, and on the east by 
the Cloohy (Eeg. Abdn., i. 112). The Clochy 
possibly refers to a place below the kirk of 
Methlick, where there are large stones on both 
sides of, also stepping-stones across, the river. 

Ingleram of Lyndesay, sometime prebendary 
of Methlick, succeeded Bishop Henry Leighton 
m the Episcopate of Old Machar, in 1442. 

The ku'ks of Methlick, Fyvie, and Tarves 
were aU served by Thomas Gormok, as minis- 
ter, in 1574, and 2fichoU Smyth was reader at 
Methlick. 

The patronage of the church, which was 
acquired by King's College, Aberdeen, in 
1587, was bought by one of the Earls of 
Aberdeen, and continued in the Aberdeen 
family untU the abolition of patronage in 
1874. They have long been sole heritors of 
the parish of Methlick. 

The date of 1780 is upon the belfry at the 
old kirk, and upon the bell, now in use, are 
the dates of 1826 and 1827. A costly parish 
church was erected a few years ago, a little to 
the south of the old kirk and kirkyard ; and 
a Free Church stands on the opposite side of 
the Ythan. 

An old font, cut out of a square block of 
red granite, which was found among the ruins 
of the chapel at Chapelton, is preserved at the 
parish chm'ch manse. Two communion cups 
bear these inscriptions : — 

[1] 

CALIX EUCHARISTICUS METHLICEXSIS. 

EX CONTRIBUTIOSE PAROCHIALIUM. 
MINISTRANTE M. ADAMO RHEADO, 1630. 

[2.] 

CALIX EUCHARISTICUS METHLICENSIS. 

EX DONO M. PA. METELANI AUCHINCREVII. 

MINISTRANTE M. ADAMO READO, 1630. 

[1. Methlic Communion Cup. Pi-eseuted by 
the Parishioners ; 2. by Mr. Patrick Maitland 
of Auchinoreive, dm-ing the ministry of Mi-. 
Adam Eeid, 1630.] 

— ]\Ir. Eeid, who was appointed to the churcli 



24 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



in 1613, and died in 1633, appears to have 
been related to the minister-family of Raid of 
Banchory-Ternan, to one of whom, as nearest 
of kin, he left the charge of his son and 
daughter (Scott's Fasti). 

IVIr. Patrick Maitland, the donor of the 
second cup, died before 12th July, 1643, as 
of that date his son Eichard was served heir 
to him in the half lands of Auchencreive, and 
several other possessions in and about Meth- 
lick (Eetours). 

Richard ]\Iaitland, who died about 1678, 
and not Patrick, as stated in Brunton and 
Haig's Historical Account of the Senators of 
the College of Justice, was the father of Sir 
Richard Maitland, an eminent lawyer of the 
time of Charles II. He was made a lord of 
Session in 1671, created a baronet in the fol- 
lowing year, and assumed his judicial title of 
Lord Pittrichie, from his paternal estate in 
Udny. He died in 1677, and was succeeded 
in the title and estates, first by his son 
Eichard, and next by his brother Charles. The 
latter, who appears to have been a widower in 
1696 (Poll Book), was then living at Pittrichie, 
along with a son, Charles, five daughters, his 
sister Sophia, a niece (Barbara Ross), and Mr. 
Alex. Mitchell, his son's governor. Sir Chas. 
probably had another sister then living, for 
" ]\Iary Metland, gentlewoman," and " Janet 
Meldrum, her servant," were also charged 
PoU-tax. 

Sir Charles' son, who succeeded as third 
baronet, died about the year 1704, without 
issue, when the title became extinct. His 
eldest sister, Jean, married the Hon. Alex. 
Arbuthnott, third sou of the second Viscount 
of Arbuthnott, by whom she had a son, who 
assumed the surname and arms of Maitland, 
and died in 1751, without issue. Pittrichie 
then passed to his cousin, Major Arthur 
Forbes (Douglas' Peer.) The first of these 
Maitlands was Robert, third son of Sir Robert 



Maitland of Thirlstane, who flourished in the 
time of David II., and married the heiress of 
Gight (Ibid.) 

Although the connection cannot now be 
traced, the following inscription may have 
reference to descendants of the same Maitlands. 
It is from a mural tablet, buUt into the back 
wall of the Aberdeen Family burial aisle, and 
runs thus : — 

Here lies Patrick Maitland, late in Little 
Ardocli, and Jean Eobertson, his spouse, with 
several of their children. Also, Mr. Charles 
Maitland, chirurgeon, their son, who gave this 
stone in memory of his Parents, and left a small 
charity to the Poor of this parish for ever. He 
died theXXVIIIdayof January MDCCXL VIII, 
aged LXXX years. 

— Dr. Maitland, who died at Aberdeen, is 
described as " the first promoter of inoculation 
in Scotland ;" but his name, so far as I am 
aware, is not given in any biographical work. 
It is said that he was sent to Hanover by 
George II. to inoculate Frederick, Prince of 
Wales. Patrick Maitland, tenant in Newplace 
of Cairnbrogie, Tarves, and who was charged 
poll along with his wife in 1696, was probably 
the Doctor's father, and may have removed 
from Tarves to Methlick. Dr. Maitland's 
" small charity to the poor" amounted to 
£^3S 6s. 8d. 

The burial aisle of the Aberdeen Family is 
a plain building. It contains no monuments, 
but George, the fifth Earl of Aberdeen, who 
succeeded his father in 1860, and died at 
Haddo House in 1864, was buried here, as 
were the first and thhd Earls, also many other 
members of the family, including Lord Haddo 
(father of the fourth Earl), who was killed by 
a fall from his horse at Gight, in 1791. 

Two sons of the fifth Earl have died since 
his time. The eldest, who is said to have 
assumed the name of George Oshorne, fell over- 
board the schooner Hera, in the spring of 
1870, while on a voyage from Boston to Mel- 
bourne, upon which vessel, from his own 



METHLICK. 



23 



desire, his Lordship only held the position of 
an able-bodied seaman. His younger brother 
was accidentally shot by his own rifle at Cam- 
bridge, in 1869 ; and the third, and only 
surviving son, succeeded as seventh Earl of 
Aberdeen, on the loss at sea of his brother 
George. 

This branch of the Gordons claims to be 
descended from the Huntly family. Sir 
William Gordon of Gowden Knowes, who got 
the lands of Strathbogie from Robert I., 
married the daughter and heiress of John of 
Citharista, lord of the barony of Methlick ; 
but there is a want of evidence to show the 
connection between Sir William and the pre- 
sent famdy (Douglas' Peer.) 

The surname of Citharistu, w-hich means a 
harper, a guitar player, or a fiddler, was prob- 
ably imported from Italy. It is one of much 
interest, and possibly goes to show that the 
first of the family in this country had como 
as a court musician or minstrel. There is 
ample proof of musicians having been con- 
nected with foreign courts from a very early 
rlate ; and although no record (so far as I 
kjow) has yet been found to prove that they 
were in the pay of the Scottish Court until 
the time of James I., it is probable that the 
Citharista family may have been harpers to 
The Bruce, with whom they appear to have 
been favourites. 

I have seen no trace of the Citharista family 
before Bruce's time, nor after that of David 
II. Thomas of Citharista, who was contem- 
porary with his namesake of Methlick, had a 
charter from the Bruce of lands within the 
burgh of Haddington, which were forfeited by 
Gilloc of Camera (Reg. Mag. Sigill., 13). 
Patrick, Ade, and Nicholas Citharista all re- 
ceived charters from David 11. The first had 
certain lands in Carrick ; the second had those 
of Balveuy (Balgavies) and Tolecandalautum 
(Tillywhanland) in the thauedom of Aber- 



lemno, and the third had a charter of the con- 
stabulary of Linlithgow (Rob. Index). 

Patrick Gordon of iSIetldick, who fell at the 
battle of Arbroath, in 1445-6, is accounted 
the true jarogenitor of the Earls of Aberdeen, 
the first ennobled of whom was Sir George 
Gordon, who was created Earl of Aberdeen in 
1682. He was sometime a Lord of Session, 
and High Chancellor of Scotland, and died at 
Kelly in 1720, in his 83rd year. The Rev. 
]\Ir. Edward of Murroes (Epitaphs, i. 122) who 
wrote a valuable Account of Angus in Latin 
(1678) dedicated his later work of The Dox- 
ologjr Approven (1683) to his lordship. The 
preface contains a quaint reference to the exe- 
cution of the Earl's father ; and among 
other reasons which Mr. Edward gives for 
dedicating his book to his Lordship is, that 
from his " knowdedge and deep Judgment" he 
is " able exactly to ponder the weight and 
validity of the Reasons brought to prove the 
lawfulness of singing the Doxolorjij, and the 
levity and weakness of the pretended Reasons 
brought against it." 

The f oui'th Earl, who died 1 4th December, 
1860, and was buried at Stanmore Priory, 
was Prime Minister at the breaking out of tlie 
Crimean War. He was greatly esteemed as a 
kind and liberal landlord, and his memory is 
preserved in the district by a monument, 
erected by his tenantry, upon the Hill of 
Ythsie. He is described upon his bust iti 
Westminster Abbey, as " Ambassador, Secre- 
tary of State, Prime Minister. Aikoiototos." 

His lordship travelled much in Italy and 
Greece in early life, and wrote an Inquiry into 
the Principles of Beauty in Grecian Architec- 
ture. He was one of the founders of the 
Athenian Society, and is celebrated by Lord 
Byron, as 

The travelled thane, Athenian Aberdeen. 

He was President of the Spalding Club 
from its institution — contributed several 



26 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



volumes to it at his own expense, and for- 
warded in every way its prosperity. 

His lordship's companions at Haddo House 
were frequently men of literary and artistic 
tastes. Among these was 'Mr. Kemhle, the 
celebrated actor, in commemoration of whose 
favourite haunt, a pavement slab, at a stone 
seat, in a romantic part of Knockothie wood, 
is thus inscribed : — 

SEDES . HAEO . SAXEA . ET . INCULTA . lOANNI- 
PHILIPPO . KEMBLE . PER . AESTIVOS . ANNI . 
MDCCCXVII . MENSES . MVLTVM . DIVQVE . SECVM 
MEDITANTI . PRAETER . OMNES . RIDEBAT. 

[This rude stone seat was the favourite resort 
of John-Philip Kemble, who, during the sum- 
mer of 1817, frequently retired to it for the pur- 
pose of meditation.] 

• — Mr. Kemble, born 1757, was the son of a 
strolling player, and brother of the celebrated 
Mrs. Siddons. He became an actor in his 
nineteenth year, and made his debut at Wol- 
verhampton, in 1776. Two years later he ap- 
peared in his own tragedy of Belisarius ; and 
on the 30th September, 1783, he performed 
Hamlet at Drury liane, of which theatre and 
Covent Garden he was successively manager. 
On his retirement in 1817, he received a public 
dinner in London, at which Lord Holland 
presided, and Thomas Campbell recited his 
well-known Ode to Kemble. Kemble made 
his last appearance at Edinburgh on 29th 
!March of the same year, and Sir Walter Scott 
wrote his valedictory address. Mr. Kemble 
spent his latter years on the Continent, and 
died at Lausanne, 26th Februarj', 1823, leav- 
ing a reputation for unostentatious benevolence 
which is not likely soon to be forgotten. He 
issued a small volume of Fugitive Pieces at 
York, 1780, but as he did his best to suppress 
it, the volume has become rare. 

An obelisk, to the south-west of Haddo 
House, was erected by the Earl of Aber- 
deen, in memory of his brother, the Hon. 
Lieut. -General Sir Alex axdi;r Gordox, whose 



name is honourably mentioned in the I)uke 

of Wellington's Despatches, likewise ia Sir 

Walter Scott's poem of Waterloo, thus : — 

And generous Gordon 'mid the strife 
Fell while he watch'd his leader's life. 

The obelisk at Haddo House is said to be of 
the same form as the one which marks the spot 
at Waterloo, where Sir Alexander fell. The 
latter bears an inscription in both French and 
English, a copy of which was kindly sent (in re- 
ply to a query) by "J. 0.," to Noted and Queries 
(March 11, 1876), and is here reprinted: — 

SUR LE CHAMP DE BATAILLE. 

Sacred to the memory of Lieut.-Col. the Hon. 
Sir Alexander Gordon, Knight-Commander of 
the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, Aide 
de Camp to Field-Mai-shal Duke of Wellington, 
and. third brother to George Earl of Aberdeen, 
who, in the twenty-ninth year of his age, termi- 
nated a short but glorious career on the 18"" of 
June, 1815, whilst executing the orders of his 
gi-eat Conmiander in the battle of Waterloo. 
Distinguished for gallantry and good conduct in 
the field, he was honoured with repeated marks 
of approbation by the illustrious Hero, with 
whom he shared the dangers of every battle, in 
Spain, Portugal, and France, and received the 
most flattering proofs of his confidence on many 
trying occasions. His zeal and activity iu the 
service obtained the reward of ten medals, and 
the honourable distinction of the Order of the 
Bath. He was justly lamented by the Duke of 
Wellington iu his public despatch as an officer 
of high promise and a serious loss to the country. 
Nor less worthy of record for his vu-tues in pri- 
vate life, his unaffected respect for religion, his 
high sense of honour, his scruinilous integrity, 
and the most amiable qualities which secured the 
attachment of his friends, and the love of his 
own family. In testimony of feelings which no 
language can express, a disconsolate sister and five 
sm-viviug brothel's have erected this simple me- 
morial to the object of their tenderest affection. 

The sentiment contained in the next in- 
scription, which is upon a vase in the Deer 
Park at Haddo House, is believed to have re- 
ference to Earl George's first wife : — 

QEORGIUS comes ABERDONENSIS 

M.D.CCC.XLVII 

HAUD IMMEMOK. 

[George, Eapl-of-A-ber-deen, 1847, not unjain<K»il.] 



METHLWK. 



27 



The following inscription in the churchyard 
of Methlick, is in raised letters, and round the 
margin of a flat slab : — 

HEIR . LTES . ANE . HOONAST . MAN . CALLED . 
FETTER . LOGIE . WHO . LIVED . SOM . TYM . IN . 
HADDO . AND . THER . DEPEARTED . THIS . LYF . 
OCTOBER . 1689. 

P . L. : E . E . 
— Peter was probably a son of John Logie, 
who along with Sir John Gordon of Haddo, 
was beheaded in 1644. Andrew Logie, prob- 
ably a son of Peter's, was married, and oc- 
cupied Haddo in 1696. He had two male ser- 
vants, one female servant, and "also two herds." 
From another flat stone : — 

HERE LIES MR. ROBERT LESLIE, SERVANT TO THE 
EARL OF ABERDIEN, WHO LIVED AND DIED AN 
HONEST MAN. HE DIED SEPTR. 27 DAY 1737. 

— Patrick (] Eobert) Leslie, steward to the 
Earl of Aberdeen, is recorded (Poll Book, 
1696) to have a fee of " £32 per annum, the 
fortieth pairt whereof and generall poll is 
£\ 2s." This is, of course, Scots money. 

The next inscription is from a stone upon 
which are carved the mortuary emblems of a 
bell, a coffin, two spades, a sand glass, a 
candlestick with a flaming candle, a skull, and 
crossed bones : — 

Here lyes the body uf Isobel Beeton, spouse 
to Alexander Brichen, iu Meikle Ardoch, who 
departed tliis life tlie 7 day of August, 1738. 
A.B. 1742, I.B. 

— Wheatseat was tenanted (1696) by persons 
of the above names, whose servant, Elspet 
Brichen, had a fee of 14 merks per annum, or 
about 15s. 6d. sterling, a fact from which a 
fair enough idea may be formed of the value 
of money and of country service at the time 
referred to. 

The next inscription preserves the name of 
a place, now lost, which was situated within 
the policies of Haddo House : — 

Here lies George Walker, late sergeant pay- 
master in the King's Foot Guards, son to Mr. 
James Walker and Jean Dun, sometime in Lady 
Steps, who died May 17th, 1773, aged 42 years. 



— According to a confused tradition, the name 
of the Lady Steps arose from a lady of the 
name of Lindsay having crossed the burn at 
that spot while pursued by enemies. It is 
added that she ran through the Lindsay hills 
(which are also said to have had their name from 
her), but being overtaken at Douglashead, in 
the parish of Ellon, she was there killed and 
buried upon the spot, wdiere her grave is said 
to have been preserved until a new lease of 
the farm of Douglashead was obtained in 
1860. 
From a table-shaped stone : — 

This atone is erected by Alex. Taylor in Miln 
of Kelly, in memory of Iean Falconer, hia 
spouse, who departed this life the 28 of Deer., 
1728, and Susan Taylor, his daughter, who de- 
])arted this life the 28 of July, 1741 ; also Anna 
Johnston, lawfuU spouse to Alexander Taylor, 
abovesaid : she died the 29 of March, 1763, 
aged 72 yeara. Here also was interred the 
body of "the foresaid, Alexr. Taylor. He 
died May 4th, 1777, aged 94 years. He, for 
many years, with gi'eat prudence, acted as a 
Factor for the Noble Family of Aberdeen, to the 
full satisfaction of that Noble Family and their 
tenants. Also, of George, his son, who long 
served the Family of Aberdeen in the same 
capacity, and died 21st Septr., 1809, aged 87. 
And of Elizabeth Petrie, his spouse, who died 
20th January, 1781, aged 56. Also of six of their 
children. 

— Anna Johnston was probably one of 
the six children of William Johnston, who 
tenanted Mill of Kelly, in 1696, and who 
classed " himselfe as ane gentleman." It was 
under George Taylor, who died in 1809, that 
the first Crombie of Thornton and Phesdo 
was trained. Mr. Crombie, who was a man 
of thorough integrity and business habits, 
succeeded Mr. George Taylor as factor on the 
Aberdeen estates. He was an advocate in 
Aberdeen, and died in 1832 (Epitaphs, i. 63). 

The next two inscriptions (the latter of 
which is abridged) give the names of benefac- 
tors to the poor of the parish, also the amount 
of money bequeathed by each : — 

Here lies the body of John Lind, who died at 



28 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



Boat of Tanglanfoord, Decer., 1742, aged 60 
years. Also Christian Gibb, his spouse, who 
died Dec., 1787, aged 90 years ; and 6 of their 
children, 3 sous and 3 daughters. Likewise 
Barbra Garden, spouse of John Lind, their 4th 
son, merchant in Skelniafilly, who died, July, 
1788, aged 67 years. Said John Lind, whose 
body rests here, also died 28th May, 1798, aged 
81, with 1 sister more & 3 elsewhere, 11 in all. 
He l)equeathed to the Poor of this Parish £200 
sterling. 

Egbert Moir, mercht, Ahd., d. 1798, a. 66. : 
— " By sobrietj' and industry he acquired a small 
fortune, which he left to his nearest relatives, 
except £700 for public charities, £300 of which 
to the kirk -session of Methlick." 

—The interest of £200 of this sum was left to 
educate ten poor scholars. 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Ludovick 
Grant, who for upwards of 40 years discharged 
the pastoral duty of this parish. He departed 
this life on the lith June, 1839, aged 85 yeare. 
— Mr. Grant, who came from Morayshire, was 
the immediate predecessor of the present 
minister, the Eev. Dr. AVhyte, who communi- 
cated an interesting notice of the parish to the 
New Statistical Account of Scotland. 

Sacred to the memory of George Wornum, 
who was for many yeara servant to George, Earl 
of Aberdeen, and died at Haddo House, Nov. 22, 
1856, in the 43rd year of his age. 

— The above tombstone was erected by the 
Earl of Aberdeen. The next three inscrip- 
tions are abridged : — 

Eev. Alexander T. Ftvie, missionary at 
Suart, East Indies, died there 10th June, 1840, 
aged 45. His sons, Alexander, architect, Xon- 
don, died in 1858, and John, Post-Ofiice clerk, 
died in 1859. 

m 

Thomas Mennie, slater, Brackly, died by a fall 
from his hoi-se, 18th Sept., 1856, aged 50. " Erec- 
ted by a few friends of Temperance, for the 
promotion of which he laboured for nearly 20 
years, with C'hristian devotion and zeal." 

[3.] 
Eev. William Beaton, minister of St. 
Andrew's Scotch Church, Grenada, West Indies, 
died at Aberdeen, 25th Feb., 1857, aged 35. 



So far as I am aware, few prehistoric ob- 
jects of much value have been discovered in 
Methlick. The most important were prob- 
ably the stone coffins and urns which were 
found at Skilmanae (1 Kil-Monan), about the 
year 1858, of which an account was given in 
the local newspapers, by the Eev. Dr. Whyte. 

From charters at Haddo House it appears 
that a croft on Meikle Methlick was known as 
" le Crystyis croft," and one of the boundaries 
between Auchnagat and Saulquhat (Saphoch) 
was "the Halymanis Seit." In these records 
tlie hill now called Skelmafillie, appears as 
" Kilmafillie," which may be a corrupted form 
of the Icil or church of the " Haly man," whose 
" seit" is in the neighbourhood (Report Hist. 
MSS.- Com., No. v.) 

There was a chapel (S. Ninian's) at Audit, 
of which property Wintouns were proprietors 
for at least a century before 1417. 

The Earls of Buchan, who were ancient 
lords of the district, are said to have had a 
residence at Kelly. Alexander III. was there 
in 1273, and confirmed " apud Kellie," the 
Earl of Buchan's foundation charter of the 
alms-house at Turriff. 

There was a mansion-house at Haddo, on 
tho south side of the Ythan, opposite to 
Gight ; but it, as well as the name, was trans- 
ferred by one of the Gordons to the locality of 
the present family residence. 

When the old castle of Kelly was burnt 
by Argyll and his soldiers in 1644, Sir John 
Gordon, or his party, appears to have killed 
two of the assailants in self-defence, and for 
this crime of loyalty to Charles I., Sir John, 
" his man" John Logie, and a son of Gordon 
of Mill of Kelly, were taken prisoners to Edin- 
burgh, where Sir John and Logie were both 
beheaded, but Gordon " wes set at libertie." 
Spalding (ii. 387-91), who gives a very graphic 
and minute account of the murder of Sir 
John and Logie, says that Sir John's " death 



METHLICK. 



29 



wes pitifullie bemonit and lamentit, and sum 
thocht it coold not go onrevengit." 

The present building of Haddo House, which 
stands a little to the south of the site of the 
old castle of Kelly, is surrounded by an ex- 
tensive park, in which are many fine drives 
and grand old trees. It is in the Palladian 
style of Architecture, which was common in 
the time of the elder Adams. The house has 
been frequently added to and altered. Bolow 
the family arms, on the west front, is this re- 
cord of the erection of the centre or main por- 
tion of the buildings : — 

WILLIAM EARLE OF ABERDEEN 

MDCCXXXII 

ANNE COUNTESS OF ABERDEEN. 

—William was the second Earl of Aberdeen, 
and Countess Anne, who was his third wife, 
was a daughter of the Duke of Gordon. She 
was the mother of the Hon. Alex. Gordon, 
Lord Eockville, who w|is ancestor of the 
Gordons of Fyvie. She died in 1791, aged 
78, and was buried in the churchyard of St. 
Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, where her son was also 
interred, he having died in the following 5^ear 
at the age of 53. 

There are many valuable works of art in 
Haddo House, both by ancient and modern 
painters ; but the grand picture of Sir Edwin 
Landseer's Otter Hunt, which was commis- 
sioned by the fourth Earl, was parted with by 
his son and successor. It was sold for 5650 
guineas at Mr. Grant's sale in London, April 
28, 1877. 

In the entrance hall is a presentation bust 
of Her Majesty, over which is a marble tablet, 
thus inscribed : — 

EFFIGIE SVA BENEVOLENTIAE 

SIGNO HAS AEDES EXORNAVIT 

MDCCCLV 

VICTORIA REOINA. 

[In token of her Koyal favour. Queen Victoria 
adorned this house with her bust in 1855.] 

It is well-known that the fourth Earl of 
Aberdeen was a great favourite with the 



Queen ; and, in addition to the gift of her 
bust, she honoured his Lordship with a visit 
to Haddo House, 14th and 15th October, 
1857. In commemoration of the latter event 
Her Majesty planted two trees of the Welling- 
tonia species, which stand in the flower gar- 
den, upon the south-east side of the house. 

A place called the Castlehill of Methlick is 
upon the east side of the parish ; and in the 
south-east, or Inverebrie district, is oMichael 
Muir. The Devil's Stane, upon which are 
some curious geological formations, resembling 
" cloven hoof" marks, is in a marshy part of 
the Belmure wood, on the north side of the 
Ythan ; and as may be supposed there is no 
lack of stories regarding the doings of his 
Satanic majesty in the locality. 

Dr. George Cheyne, author of an Essay 
on Health and Longevity, was born at Auchen- 
cruive, in this parish, and died at Bath, in 
174.3, aged 72. It appears by his own account 
of himself that he lived somewhat fast in his 
youth, a course which necessity more than in- 
clination required him to abandon. At one 
period of his life he weighed 32 stones, and 
having thereby lost much of his wonted health 
and muscular power, he says that he partly re- 
gained both by having recourse to " milk diet." 

The village of Methlick, where the kirk, 
manse, and school are situated, contains some 
shops and two branch banks. It lies upon 
the south side of the Ythan, and, from the 
windows of the cottages being of the latticed 
sort (to which the fourth Earl of Aberdeen 
had a liking), it has much the appearance 
of some of the villages in the Midland Coun- 
ties of England. There is a bridge across the 
Ythan near the village, and another at Tang- 
lanford (i.e., S. Englat, patron of Tarves). 

The name of Methlick, which is commonly 
pronounced " Meedlick," is probably derived 
from the word Meelick, which signifies a low 
marshy place upon a river side. This render- 



30 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



ing, although not far from the mark now-a- 
days, must have been more appropriate before 
there was so much cultivated land as there is 
at present. 

[Ins. compared by Mr. Stephen, registrar.] 
s^^^^^^\^^^^^\^v^^^^^v^^^^wv^w^v^^^w^A^AV^^^v^« 

C it i r 11 e p. 

(S. MARTIN, POPE?) 

CAIRNEY is made up of the two old 
parishes of Botarie and Ruthven, and 
of a part of Drumdelgie. The churches all 
belonged to the diocese of Elgin ; and, when 
those of Elchies and ISotarie were erected into 
a prebend of the cathedral of Moray (1226), 
Gillemor, vicar of Botarie, was a consenting 
party to the transaction (Reg. Ep. Morav.) 

It was agreed that the church should be 
first served by a deacon, and afterwards by a 
sub-deacon ; and the house or manse of the 
prebendary was situated near one of the gates 
of the Chanonry of Elgin. 

The ancient church of Botarie is supposed 
to have stood at Kirkhtllock, about a mile 
from the present church of Cairney ; and 
Botarie was at no distant date the seat of the 
Presbytery of Strathbogie. Tradition says 
that when the parishes were united, one party 
wanted the new church to be erected at 
Botarie, another at Cairney ; and the latter 
prevailed only by calling to their aid the 
power of supernatural agency ! 

The hand or " deid bell," the casting of 
which cost the Kirk-session £4 16s. Scots, 
and 12.S. Scots for carriage from Aberdeen, 
bears : — 

TO KERNY. 
JOHN MO WAT FE. OLD ABD. 1763. 

The present church (built in 1804) stands 
upon a rising ground, at the base of which 
runs the burn of Cairney. The old church 



was roofed with oak, which is said to have 
grown on the Bin ; and this fact having been 
brought under the notice of the late Duke of 
Richmond by the Rev. Mr. Cowie, was one of 
the inducements which led to the planting of 
the hill. 

The Bin is now densely covered with thriving 
wood, and upon the summit is a rock, from a 
crevice of which water " oozes" or trickles into 
a hollow stone. It is called the Gallna 
Water, and was believed, in old times, to be 
an eflFectual cure for hooping-cough. Near to 
this is the iSTewfound Isle, where there are 
some caves or rocky passages, in which, ac- 
cording to tradition, abode the " weird 
sisters," whom the Baron of Gartly consulted 
regarding his " fausse Lady an' her leman," 
as told in the ballad of the Baron of Gartly. 

A marble slab within the church presents 
this inscription : — 

Sacred to the memory of Lady Anne Chal- 
mers (widow of the late Rev. Alex. Chalmers, 
minister of Cairnie), who departed this life at 
Huntly, upon the Ttb of June, 1816, in her 69th 
year. This was erected by her affectionate 
brother, Alexander, Duke of Gordon. 

A table-shaped stone, in the south-west 
corner of the burial-ground, bears : — 

Here lies all that was mortal of the late 
Reverend Alexander Chalmers, muiister of 
Cairuy, who departed this life on the 2nd Oc- 
tober, 1798, in the 78th year of his age, and 51st 
of his ministry there. He was held in high esti- 
mation for his gi'eat attention to parochial 
duties, and charitable disposition, as in him the 
])Oor always found a friend. 

Over the entrance to an enclosure (ujaon the 
site of the south aisle of the old kirk) are the 
words : — 

GORDON OF BOTHARIE AND PITLURG, 
RESTORED 1868. 

A slab within the Pitlurg aisle, in raised 
Roman capitals (the words " and . to . be" 
being repeated) bears : — 

SIR . IHONE . GORDONE . OF . PETLVRG . KNYCHT 
. CAVST . BIO . THIS . ILB . IN . REMEMBERANS . 0¥ 



CAiRNEt. 



31 



. HIS . PREDICESSOVRIS . QVHA . AR . BVKEIT . HEIE 
. AND . TO . BE . AND . TO . BE . ANB . BVRIAL . TO . 
HIM . AND . HIS . SVCCESSOVRIS . SA . LANG . AS . 
IT . PLESIS . GOD . THAT . CONTENEV . 1597. 

—Sir Jolm was the father of Eobert Gordon 
of Straloch, the famous geographer, whom 
Charles I. appointed to superintend the con- 
struction of the first complete Atlas of Scot- 
land. It was published bj^ Bleau of Amster- 
dam in 1648, under the title of Theatrum 
Scotise. This branch of the Gordons (now re- 
presented by Mr. Gordon of Pitlurg and 
Dyce), claims descent from Adam of Gordon, 
who fell at Homildon, and whose daughter 
brought the Strathbogie estates to the Seton- 
Gordons. They were designed first of Scur- 
dargue, next of Auchleuchries, and afterwards 
of Lumgair and Hilton, in Kinneff. Jolm 
Gordon sold Lumgair, and bought Pitlurg in 
1536, and in 1541 exchanged Hilton for the 
lands of Cravethin, in Drumblade. He ap- 
pears to have been the grandfather of Sir 
John, who was knighted in 1594, and dying in 
1600, aged 53 (Gordon's Tables of Pedigree, 
1784), was buried at Botarie, now Cairney. 

Besides the above inscription, a mutilated 
coffin-slab bears the letters . . . GOED . . . 
and part of the incised figure of a knight. 
Another piece of rude carving represents a 
human being in the act of tearing open his 
breast, and thereby exhibiting the heart. This 
has probably reference to some of the tortures 
which monkish writers say S. Martin under- 
went during his persecution by the Emperor 
Cons tans. 

It is told of the Pitlurg aisle that a servant 
of the name of Thom, who saved the life of 
one of the Gordons, had granted to himself and 
his heirs the privilege of being buried within 
the " isle" at the feet of the chief, a favour 
which, it is added, was long enjoyed by Thom's 
descendants. 

The only remains of the old Castle of 
Pitlurg are a spiral staircase or tower. It was 



" founded upon a rock," and appears to be- 
long to the time of " Sir Jhone." Some of 
the trees of the orchard or garden are upon 
the slope below the ruins ; but the surround- 
ings, as a whole, are of a bleak and uninterest- 
ing character. 

Four tombstones at Cairney, enclosed by a 
railing bear respectively : — 

The remains of the Reverend John Finlater, 
minister of the Gospel at Cairney, are deposited 
here. He died on the 20th Augt. 1825, in the 
70th year of his age, and 30th of his ministry. 

In memory of Anne Smith, relict of the late 
Rev. John Finlater, minister of Cairney. She 
died at Huntly upon the 17th Aug., 1846, in the 
90th year of her age. 

— Mr. Finlater, who also studied medicine, 
was translated from the kirk of Glass to 
Cairney. His daughter, who married ]\Ir. 
Thurburn of Murtle, in Peterculter, contri- 
buted £1000 towards the erection of the 
Thurburn Cooking Depot in Aberdeen, for the 
benefit of working men (Epitaphs, i. 167). 
The following relates to Mr. Fiulater's 
brother-in-law and sister-in-law : — 

The remains of the Rev. Alexander Smith, 
late minister of the Gospel atKeig, are deposited 
here. He died 12th May, 1833, in the 83rd year 
of his age, and the 63rd of his ministry. 

In memory of Eliz.\beth Smith, aged 88, who 
died at Hvmtly upon the 21st day of Oct., 1841. 

iSTear the above is a marble tablet, encased 
in granite, which was erected by the pa- 
rishioners of Cairney, to the memory of the 
Kev. William Cowie, who died 31st May, 
1866, aged 80. Jlr. Cowie was previously 
minister at Cabrach, and was succeeded in 
Cairney by his son-in-law, Mr. Annand, the 
present incumbent. 
Upon a table-shaped stone : — 

Underneath, and on each side of this stone, 
are interred the bodies of George, aged 24 yeai-s ; 
John, aged 23, and Robert, an infant, sons of 
Eobert Daun, who hi^s erected this stone to their 
memory. Also, Margaret, their daughter, died 
3i-d Jany., 1813, aged 21. Also his spouse, 
EtsPBTlVSEtifis, who died- A«g. 24th-, 182&, aged- 



32 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS . 



77 yeai-s. The above Egbert Daun, died at 
Bogiesmuii-, on the 2nd Dec, 1831, aged 82. 
— K. Daun, who was a blacksmith, left up- 
wards of £1000 to erect a school at Alehouse- 
hillock, at which nine pujjils, nominated by 
the Kirk-session, are taught gratis. The trus- 
tees are the parish minister, another member 
of the Presbytery of Strathbogie, and the dis- 
trict factor of the Gordon estates. Daun in- 
herited his wealth from an uncle in America. 
Upon a flat slab : — ■ 

WAITING FOR A BLESSED RESURRECTION, HERE 
LTBS .... lOHN DAVIDSON, WHO DTED SEPTEM- 
BER 4, 1672, AND OF ROBERT DAVIDSONE, WHO 
DYED APRIL THE 2, 1683. 

Upon a table-shaped stone : — 

Erected by .John Simson in Crookmore, and 
Charles Simson in Belcherie, in memory of their 
pai-ents John Simson and Ann M'Pherson, late 
in Birkenbauk. Also Hellen Mitchell, spouse 
of Charles Simson, who died iu Sept., 1805, aged 
54, and John, their sou, aged 18. 

— The above is from one of three monuments 
which relate to near relatives of ^Ir. Simpson, 
of Cobairdy. Crookmore is in Tullynessle, 
and Belcherie in Cabrach. 



?DrumtieJigie. 

(S. PETER.) 

THE kirk of Drumdelgie stood in a haugh 
upon the north bank of the Deveron, 
south of the ridge upon which the farm 
buildings of Broadlands are situated, the name 
being quite descriptive of the site of the kirk. 

The church of Drimuhdiji/ii is mentioned in 
an agreement between the IMshop of Moray 
and David of Strathbogie, in 1230; and it 
and the kirk of Grantully are each rated at 2s. 
in the Taxation of 1350 (Reg. Morav.) 

In 1556 the Bishop of Moray made a grant 
of the teind sheaves of the parishes of Grantuly 
(frartly), and Drumdalgye for 19 years, to 



George Barclay and his spouse Margaret 
OgUvy, for the annual payment of 290 merks. 

The parish of Drumdelgie was suppressed 
and annexed to Bo tarie and Glass, about 1597 
(Scott's Fasti). At a later period the greater 
part of Drumdelgie was annexed to Cairney. 

Owing to the church having been burned 
at one time, it is kno'n'n as the Brunt Kirk, 
also as Peter Kirk, from the name of the titu- 
lar saint. According to tradition the fire was 
caused by a kae, or jackdaw, that carried a 
burning .stick or cinder from a neighbouring 
cottage, and deposited it among the thatch of 
the kirk roof. 

The kirk was about 24 feet in width, and 
55 feet Ln length over walls ; and the walls 
are about 3 feet thick. It stood east and 
west; with a window in the west end, and the 
entrance on the south. Though the kirk is 
now quite ruinous, the foundations are entire, 
and the greatest height of the remaining por- 
tion of the wall is about nine feet. 

The area of the building is used for inter- 
ments, and some tombstones are within it. 
Upon a headstone : — 

Here lies the body of Alexander Smith, late 
farmer, Coi-skeUie, who died Nov. 11, 1809, aged 
84 yeare. His ancestors have been bm'ied here 
for generations past. Also, of his spouse, Janet 
Murray, .... 1819, aged 84 yeai-s. 

A table-shaped stone near the south- east 
comer bears : — 

In memory of Mi's. H. Gordon, spouse of C. 
Grant of Baluagowau, who died 21st Nov. 1817, 
aged 67. 

The cemetery is of considerable extent, and 
surrounded by a substantial dyke. The oldest 
tombstone bears the name of one Craigen, 
who lived at Milltown of Cairnborrow, Glass, 
and died in 1747, aged 43. He was the first 
carrier between Keith and Aberdeen, and had 
numerous descendants, some of whom still sur- 
vive in the districts of Huntly, Fetterneir, 
Aberdeen, &c. 



RUTHVEN. 



33 



The following is from a taljle-shaped stone, 
near the south-east corner of the ruins : — 

Here lies Alexr. Melles, late in Drumdelgey, 
who died 2ud April, 1766, aged 62. Also his 
sou, Geo., who died 1st August, 1761, aged 18. 
This stoue was erected by his son, James Melles. 

— The above inscription, like a few others in 
the same place, has been tampered with by some 
idler, who has added the figure 1 to several 
of the ages. In the above case, 1 is added to 
18, making the age 181 — a piece of mischief 
which cannot be too severely censured. 

H u 1 1) iJ e u. 

( ? S. CAKAL, OR S. t'YRIL.) 

BETWEEN the years 1 208- U the kirks of 
Euthven and Dipple were created into 
a prebend of the Cathedral Cluu-ch of the 
Holy Trinity at Spynie by Bricius, IJishop of 
Moray, to which Hugh, parson of Ruthven, 
was a consenting party. The prebendary was 
bound to provide a priest to serve as his vicar 
in the Cathedral Church. The parson of 
Dipple (says Shaw) was titular of the teinds 
of Euthven. 

Euthven was annexed to Botarie about 

, and worship was held pretty regularly 

at Euthven until 1721, after which the kirk 
had possibly been allowed to go to ruin. The 
west gable and part of the north wall only 
remain. An earlier church is said to have 
fallen about 1689. 

The bell, which has a fine tone and is still 
in the belfry, is known as Tlie Woio n' Rivan. 
Upon it is this inscription : — 

OMNE . REGNVM . IN . SEIPSVM . DIVISVM 
DESOLABITVK . 1643. 

[Every kingdom divided against itself shall be 
brought to desolation.] 

It is told that some years ago when an at- 
tempt was made to remove " the Wow" to the 



kirk of Cairney, the inhabitants of Euthven 
were so enraged that it was deemed advisable 
to allow the bell to remain where it was 
(Presby. Book of Strathbogie). Since that 
time an additional charm has been imparted 
to the bell and the ruins by the remains of " a 
natural" having been laid near the west gable. 
He made frequent visits from Huntly to Euth- 
ven, particvdarly on the occasion of interments, 
as is fully set forth in a notice of his life by 
George Macdonald in Good Words (Feb., 
1863), and his memory is preserved at Euth- 
ven by a tombstone thus inscribed : — 

Erected by the inhabitants of Huntly in 
memory of John M'Bey, better known by the 
name oiFeel Jock; or The Colonel, who died there 
upon the 15th day of March, 1848, aged about 
71 yeai-s. His remains rest here at his express 
request, near his especial favourite the Bell of 
Ruthven, or, as he was wont to call it, " The 
Wow," the double peals of which he imagined to 
signify — ' Come hame — Come hame.' Requiescat 
iu pace. 

Upon a headstone — 

Under this stoue lies the body of JoHX Desso.v, 
sometime farmer in Haddoeh, who died Jany, 
22, 1776, iu the 79th year of his age. 

From a table-stone : — 

This stone is erected by Captain Watt of His 
Majesty's ship. The Sidtaii, Man-of-Wai-, in 
memory of his mother Jannet Harper, who died 
the 29th of May, 1787, aged 82 yeai-s. 
Religion pm-e and virtue of all kind, 
Shee ever cherished in a quiet mind, 
With unbounded charity, & was ever kind. 

From a table-shaped stone : — 

Gloria in excelsis Deo. >J« Sacreil to the 
memory of the Rev. John Taylor, M.A., for 
many years Incumbent of St. Luke's Church, 
Cuminestowu, in the Diocese of Aberdeen, who 
departed this life at Huutly, on the liret Sunday 
after Easter, 1857, iu the 49th year of his age. 

S'liirl'ihi united with Uibdiutii. and Gnodiiess 
with J/r, /■„,,«. lendered this I'riest c.f the Church 
the liclnvi'd (if his friends, and the esteemed of 
all who knew him. Meek; he was swift to hear ; 
slow to speak ; slow to wi-ath ; Humhle ; he 
esteemed others better than liimself ; Devoted 
I to God ; He coimted his life uot de;u' to him-self, 



34 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



so that he might linisli his course with joy in the 
service of his Lord. Beati pauperes auimo. 

An obelisk is erected to tlie memory of a 
family from Keith of the name of Sim, the 
last recorded of whom, IIobekt, who died 12th 
August, 1866, aged 72, had a taste for poetry 
and antiquities. Having come to a competency 
in his latter years he amused himself with 
writing upon these subjects, and issued some 
pamphlets of local interest, among Avhicli are 
Legends of Strathisla, Old Keith, &c. 

"Within an enclosure at the west end of the 
Icirk of Euthven lie the remains of Dr. George 
Grant, who was a medical j^ractitioner in 
Huntly. Besides being skilful in his profes- 
sion, he possessed a taste for music, and was 
one of the best of the many good amateur 
violinists in the Xorth. He was also fond of 
antiquarian pursuits, and it was mainly 
through his exertions that tlie sculptured 
stone was preserved which was found by the 
late Mr. Chi-istie, farmer, TilJytarment, at 
Donaldstone Ford, near the junction of the 
Isla with the Deveron (Sculp. Stones of Scot., 
ii., pi. cix.) Dr. Grant, who was a native of 
Cullen, died in 1867, in his 42nd year. 

A recess tomb, in the north wall of the 
kirk, contains the so-called effigy of Tarn d 
Riven, which has all the appearance of a work 
of the 16th century. Tam is said to have 
lived at Daugh, iu the neighbourhood of the 
kirk, and to have had eighteen sons by four 
wives ! 

According to Mr. Cameron's poem of the 
Monks of Grange (Banff, 1849), Tam was 
challenged to single combat by an offended 
Monk, whom he slew at the Little Balloch, 
near to which are the Monk's Cairn and Tam 
o' Eiven's Well. 

Although the lineage of Tam o' Eiven and 
Jock o' Scurdargue or Pitlurg was long a mat- 
ter of doubt, it is now clearly proved that both 
were illegitimate sons of Sir John of Gordon, 



who fell at Otterburn, brother of Adam of 
Gordon, and uncle of Elizabeth, who carried the 
Gordon estates to her husband. Sir Alexander 
Scton. Besides Jock and Tam, Sir John had 
other two illegitimate sons, Alexander and 
Adam, both of whom are mentioned along 
Avith Thomas of Gordon (Tam o' Eiven), in a 
charter of the lands of Ardlach in Aberdour, 
which was granted to John of Gordon (Jock 
o' Scurdargue) 1418-23. The four Gordons 
are all described as " sons natural" of the late 
Sir John of Gordon, knight (Antiq. Abd. 
Bff, ii. .378; mpra, 31.) 

The effigy of Tam u Ricen is engraved in 
Arohael. Scot., iii. pi. ii,, in connection with a 
paper by the late Mr. Logan, author of the 
Scottish Gael ; but, through some stran"e 
cause — probably a mixing up of notes — in- 
.stead of treating of Euthven in Aberdeenshire, 
l\lr. Logan (except in so far as the notice of 
Tam's tomb is concerned, and an engraving of 
the kirk), gives the history of the church of 
Eathven, in Banffshu-e. Mr. Logan also prints 
the well-known ballad of "Jock and Tam;" 
and describes a curious oak panel, which he 
found in a house near Euthven in Cairney, 
but which, he says, was brought from the 
Earl of Eindlater's. There is also an engrav- 
ing of the panel (Ibid., pi. xi), upon which 
are representations of the Three Kings of 
Cologne, or the Wise Men, and the Virgin and 
Child. The panel is now in the possession of 
!Mr. Yeats, advocate, Alserdeen. 



The Eath or fort, from which the parish 
may have acquired its name, possibly occupied 
a rising ground upon the side of the romantic 
and picturesque burn, which flows past the 
church of Euthven {% Ratli-dev). 

Some years ago an incised cross of a very 
early type was found iu the walls that sur- 



KINNELL. 



35 



rounded the burial ground of Eutliven. It is 
about 7 feet bigh, liy about 2J^ feet across 
the arms. Tlirough the consideration of ilr. 
David Dawson, miller at Eutliven. the slab 
(represented in the annexed woodcut) has been 
batted to the side of the kirkyard dyke. 




Caral Fair was held near the kirk, and S. 
Caral's AVell (a probable corruption of S. 
Cyril) is about 300 yards to the north-east 
near a hillock called S. Caral's Cairn. 

^'ot far from the farm steading of Haddoch 
is an old and now unused churchyard, the 
last interment in which took place about 
ninety years ago. In a field upon the same 
farm, about a mile south of the stone circle at 
ArnhUl, the present tenant discovered a stone 
cist, with an urn, and other early relics 
(Sculp. Stones of Scot., ii. pi. 63). 

At no distant date an Episcopal Churcli 
stood upon the site of the farm house of Little 
Daugh. There was another old chapel at a 
place called Mortl.^ch, and part of the walls 
is still to be seen in the wood of the Binhill, 
to the south of the kirk of Euthven. 

The castle of Auchanachy has been recently 
fitted up as a farmhouse. It bears (he date of 
1.594, and the walls are of great thickness. 
This castle belonged to a branch of the 



Ogilvies of Boyne, and it is told that one of 

the lairds, who had been out in the Eebellion, 

was long secreted iu an aperture in the kitchen 

chimney. Although the following legend, 

which is still upon the front of the castle, 

belongs to a much earlier time tlian that of 

the rebel laird, he had doubtless often uttered 

the prayer, and felt its appropriateness in his 

own case : — 

FROM . OVR . EXEMIE3 . DEFEXD . VS . 

O . CHRIST. 

[Ins. of Cairnev, Drumilel(;ie. and Riitl-.vcn t-ompd. l.v Rev. 
Mr. .\nnand. ] 

(S. MALKUIB, CONFESSOR.) 

THE church of Kiiidl was a rectory in the 
diocese of St. Andrews, and along with 
its chapel, which is supposed to have stood at 
or near Bolshan, it is rated at 20 merks in the 
Old Taxation (Ueg. Vet. de Aberb.) Theiner 
classes the churches of " Kynel et de Aldebiir" 
together, and rates them at 4 merks, 10s. 8d. 

In 1-574, the four kirks of Kinell, Arbroath, 
St. Vigeans, and Ethie, were served by Jlr. 
Jas. Melvill, uncle of the celebrated Diarist of 
that name, who had a stipend of XI 60. David 
Fyff, reader at Kinnell, had £12 Scots. 

In 1512-13 George Stirling gave £10 out of 
his lands of Easter Brakie to S. !Mary the 
Virgin, to SS. Peter and Paul, Apostles, to 
S. Malruib, Confessor, and to a chaplain 
serving at the altar of the Blessed Virgin in 
the parish church of Kinnell. In addition to 
this altar, there was possibly another dedicated 
to S. ^Iadoc, or Magdalen. Mudie's Well, 
and Madie's Heugli, upon the banks of the 
Lunan, are probably corruptions of one or 
other of these names. 

The present ku-k, erected in 1855, is a neat 



36 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



building, with a gallery at west end, which 
was gifted by Dr. Walker. The bell bears : — 
MICHAEL . BVKGERHVYS . ME . FECIT . 
1624 . SOLI . DEO . GLORIA. 
A freestone monument, within, and in the 
N. wall of the church, bears two shields. One 
is charged with the Thomson and Collace 
arms, the other with those of Thomson and 
Graham. The latter refers to Catherine 
Graham, the wife of Mr. Thomson's younger 
son David. Above the shields is this inscrip- 
tion in Eoman capitals : — 

In spem beatse resurrectionis infra sepvltvm 
hie- iacet corpvs Magistri Iacobi Thomsoni, 
grandpevi, atq' ad latvs avstrale tvmvli qvo 
vxoris ossa hvmata condvntvi-. Ex conivge, 
nomine Margarbta Colace, tres mares septem 
avtem femellas progenvit. Paroechia; hvic Kiu- 
uellensi in mvnere sacro fungendo annos 50 
svmma cum lavde prsefvit, ac tandem, successore 
relicto Davide filio natv minirao, diervm satvr in 
sedes beatas ex hoc secvlo migravit, an. S. H. 
1690, Dec. 13'=, ceta. 85. Exemplo vitae et doc- 
trinje Ivmine saiia" ille gregi fverat pastor itemq' 
bonus. Lector, disce mori. 

[Here below at the south side of the tomb, in 
which the remains of his wife ai'e buiied, lies in- 
terred, in the hope of a blessed resurrection, the 
body of Mr. James Thomson, senior. By his 
wife, Margaret Colack, he li;id tlni'f sens and 
seven daughters. He disil[,iii;vi| tlir duties of 
his sacred ofhce with the gri'.iti-st repiil;ilion in 
this parish for 50 years, and, leaving a-s his suc- 
cessor his youngest son,l)avid, at length departed, 
full of days, from tliis world to the abodes of the 
blessed, on the 13th Dec, 1690, in the 85th year 
of his age. By the example of his life, and the 
light of sound doctrine, he was to his flock a good 
shepherd. Reader, learn how to die.] 

— -The above-named, whose wife may have 
been related to the old family of Collace of 
Balnamoon, was succeeded, first by his son 
James, who predeceased him, and ne.xt by his 
younger son, David, who died in 1702, and 
was the last Ejiiscopal incumbent of Iviunell. 
In east wall of the kirk is a tablet to the 
memory of David's brother, thus inscribed : — 
Mr. I. T. K. O. — In spem beatse resurrectionis 
humatum hie jacet corpus Magistri Jacobi 



Thomsoni, junioris, de KinneU pastoris. Ex 
Catherina Ouchteiiounie uxore, presbyteri utpote 
Aberlemniensis gnata, filium suscepit unicum, 
hie tumulum paternum prope sepultum. Placide 
in Christo obdormiuit a;tat. ann. 34, A. S. H. 
1681. Sacerdos uerus. Lector, disce mori. 

[Here lies interred, in the hope of a blessed 
resurrection, the body of Mr. James Thomson, 
junioi-, minister (if Kinnell. By his wife, Catha- 
rine t)ueliterliiuiiie, daughter of the presbyter of 
AbeilennKj, he had an only son, buried near his 
father's tomb. He calmly fell asleep in Christ, 
iu the 34th year of his age, and in the year of 
Human Salvation, 1681. A true priest. Reader, 
learn how to die.] 

— From the time of Mr. David Thomson's 
death in 1702, untU that of Mr. Cruickshank 
in 1753, there were six ministers at Kinnell, 
the last-mentioned of whom was succeeded by 
]\Ir. Chaplain, who died iu 1813. Mr. Chap- 
lain and his successor. Dr. Walker, held the 
incumbency between them " for (says Dr. Hew 
Scott) the unprecedented period of 1 1 4 years." 

A granite headstone at Kinnell, upon the 
site of the Ogilvie Aisle, bears this record of 
the latter incumbent : — 

In memory of the Rev. George Walker, 
D.D., minister of Kinnell, who died 11th Sep- 
tember, 1868, in the 86th year of his age, and the 
55th of his ministry. 

— Dr. Walker was a son of the fanner of 
HUtoun of Pitblado, iu Fife, and received his 
early education at Cupar. He studied at the 
University of St. Andrews, was licensed in 
1806, and after having been tutor for some 
time in the family of Mr. Taylor of Kirkton- 
hill, in Kincardineshire, he was appointed to 
KinneU. Besides contributing a valuable and 
exhaustive notice of his own parish to the 
New Stat. Account of Scotland, Dr. Walker 
published, anonymously. Hymns, translated 
or imitated from the German, with a preface 
giving an account of the origin of the Lutheran 
Hymns (1860) ; and two volumes of Prayers 
and Hymns for the Mornings and Evenings 
(1862-6). He left in MS.' a Metrical Trans- 
lation of the Psalms of David from the origi- 



KINNELL. 



37 



nal Hebrew, with a learned iatroduction, also 
a short poem upon the Battle of Arbroath. 
Although Dr. Walker had few equals among 
his brethren, either for his liberal contri- 
butions to the schemes of tlie Church, or for 
scholarship, his unassuming and retiring 
habits caused his literary merits to be over- 
looked until the year before his death, when 
he received the degi-ee of D.D. from the 
University of Edinburgh. Dr. Walker was 
survived by a brother and a sister. The latter 
married ]Mr. Eussell, farmer, Hatton of Largo, 
and besides other children, she had the late 
Mr. Egbert Eussell, farmer of Pilmure, 
F.E.S.E., author of a work upon Xorth 
America, its Agriculture and Climate, &c. 

The next inscription, dated 1753, with 
crossed bones and skull in base, inscribed, 
MEMENTO MORI, is from a handsome marble 
tablet within the church, A shield upon the 
upper portion of the slab bears " a saltire sur- 
mounting a sword in pale, with a star on the 
point," also a ship for crest, and the motto, 
BY INDUSTRY WE PROSPER. Belovv is the fol- 
lowing : — 

glU.vattitr (gantn Merch' in Montrose Was 
Married lune 23"* 1713 to Eliz: lameson daugh- 
ter to lo" lamesou in HawkhiU. She bore him 
these Children ^Ic.v.iit6cr, David, IOSEPH, 
^eniamitt KJHN otgilliic, Mary, Marjy. Eliz : & 
Cath : and died atjed 59 yeare. los" died in y= 
5"' Eliz : the 7"" lo" y' 14"' & Marj>' y= ae"" years 
of their ages. Nov' 21" 1751 He married Aguas 
OgUvy, daug" to lo" Ogilvy of, and in, Cupar of 
ANGUS. She died in 1753 aged 50 years : about 
this time, he bought the ESTATE of East 
BRAIKIE for his SON, and erected A loft here. 
In Nov 1753, He married Isabel LYON daug" 
to the EeV M"- PAT : LYON MIN' AT Eos- 
cobie. Ogilvie died at Plymouth AprUe 1756 
midshipman aged 20"" years. 

From y' Scotish Shore o'er Neptun's waves I 
went my King & Country to defend. 

In Blood I walked ; After set Ships to Sea ; In 
mercantile trade I dealt 

From France we came in lulius Cassar's time 

And gained our honours by the sword w""" here 
do Stand on Stone. 
IN HONOUR of y'^ above this is erected. 



He married JANNET BAILLIE Grand Daug" 
to Provost BAILLIE, & lawfuU Daug" to 
WILLIAM his Son Both Magistrates & Merc" 
of Brechin 1764. 

— The above, which is corroborated by the 
Parochial Eecords, shows that Elizabeth Jame- 
son was the mother of all Alex. Gavin's family. 
Some of the -elder children were born at Pet- 
loch, others at Denhead, and the youngest, 
Catherine, at Braeheads, in Lunan (Bapt. 
Eeg.) Their father is described as a " mer- 
chant" when at the two last-mentioned of 
these places, a business which he combined 
with the office of parish sexton, then an ap- 
pointment of some consequence, and one that 
had been held by his ancestors for several 
generations. It was in 1733, the year before 
the bu'th of Alex. Gavin's youngest daughter, 
that he and his wife presented the brazen sup- 
ports for a baptismal font, and a handbell, to 
the kirk of Lunan (Epitaphs, i. 243). 

Alex. Gavin, who was four times married, 
left Lunan and became a merchant in Montrose 
before 1750. His eldest daughter, Mary, 
who is described as being " at present in the 
manse of Lunan," was married to James Eitchie 
in the parish of Farnell, 1 7th August, 1743. 
Her father married his second wife, " Mrs. 
Hood, (alias Agnas Ogilvie) indueUer in 
Cowpar," in 1750. In 1753 he was married 
to his third wife, Isobel Lyon, and in 1764 to 
his fourth wife, Janet Baillie, from Brechin. 

There was not a Provost Baillie in Brechin 
about the period referred to, but (Black's 
History) William Baillie was one of those who 
usurped the office of a councillor there, in 
1740. It has also to be noted that the state- 
ment in the above inscription, of Alexander 
Gavin's having " bought the estate of East 
Braikie for his son," is not supported by the 
title deeds of the property, for the use of the 
inventory of which I am indebted to the coirr- 
tesy of Mr. George Cooper Myers, town-clerk 
of Montrose. It is quite likely that old Gavin 



38 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



may have had such a share in the purchase of 
East Brakie as to warrant the statement ; but 
the writs show that it was taken out in the 
name of Mr. William Speed, town-clerk of 
Montrose, in March, 1752, for " David Gavin, 
merchant in Middleburgh," and that the latter 
had a charter of the same lands, under the 
Great Seal, 6th August, 1753. 

David, who was the second son of Alex. 
Gavin and Elizabeth Jameson, was born " in 
Petloch, and baptised July 21, 1720— "wit- 
nesses, David Jameson in Newton, and David 
Fell in Coathill." The story of David Gavin's 
having gone to an aunt in Holland, who is 
said to have married a Dutch seaman that was 
wrecked in Lunan Bay, has already been told 
(Epitaphs, i. 243), and need not be repeated. 

Besides the estate of Easter Brakie, Mr. 
Gavin bought that of Langton, in Berwick- 
shire, in 1757, for X50,000, and in April, 
1770, he married the Lady Elizabeth Mait- 
land, eldest daughter of the Earl of Lauder- 
dale, by whom he had four daughters, the 
youngest being born after his death, which 
took place on 28th August, 1773. The two 
younger daughters died unmarried. The 
second, by the marriage contract of her parents, 
succeeded to Easter Brakie, and became the 
wife of Robert Baird of Xewbyth, brother 
of General Sir David Baird. The eldest 
daughter, who inherited the property of Lang- 
ton, then " an estate of £3000 a-year," mar- 
ried the Earl, afterwards the Marquis, of Bread- 
albane. She was the mother of the second 
Marquis of Breadalbane, of Lady Pringle of 
Stitchel, and of the Duchess of Buckingham. 

The erector of the monument at Kinnell is 
said to have possessed nmch vanity — but it 
was possibly only the laudable pride of being 
the father of a well-doing and flourishing 
famDy — and it is added that, having expressed 
a wish to the facetious Mr. Ogilvy, minister 
of Lunan, to make some gift to the parish of 



Kinnell by which his name might be carried 
down to posterity, ]\Ir. Ogilvy, aware of the 
smalhiess of the church for the congregation 
at the time, advised Mr. Gavin to erect a loft 
or gallery within it. IMr. Ogilvy guaranteed 
at the same time that the heritors and kirk- 
session would, in return, allow him to erect a 
monument there to the memory of his ances- 
tors, the first of whom Mr. OgUvy, in his own 
quaint style, assured Mr. Gavin was no less a 
personage than Aldus Gahmiiis, a famous 
f/eneral who came to Britain with Julim 
Ciesar ! The ru&e was successful ; Mr. Gavin 
had a gallery erected, also a monument set up 
within the church, with the above inscription, 
which was composed by the witty parson ! 

A pavement slab, built into the outer and 
S.E.-wall of the kirk, is dated 1719. It is 
richly carved, and upon a shield are the ini- 
tials, I. F. : M. W., flanked with eight other 
initials, apparently those of the children of 
L F. and M. W, The slab possibly relates 
to some of the Fraser family, who were early 
connected with Kinnell. 

From a table-shaped monument in the 
churchyard : — 

HIC . lACET . GULIELMUS . DAIL . ELIZ.iBETHE . 
MARECHAN . MARITUS . IN . BOLSHANO . QUONDAM 
. UITAM . AGENS . QUI . NOVEMBRIS . 8™ . MORTUUS 
. 1696 . %X!M . QUE . jETATIS . 46. 

[Here lies William Dall, sometime in Bul- 
shau, spouse to Elizabeth Marechan, who died 
8th November, 1696, in his 46th year.] 

Upon another table-shaped stone : — 

Here lies Thomas Crichton, hvisband to Elspet 
Ferrier, iudueUers, Whanlon, who dejxirted the 
24 of November, 1719, aged 34. Elspet Ferrier 
caused work this ston by direction of hir liusbaud. 
Under this monument of stone 
Here rests in peace the bones of one 
Thomas Crichton, called by name. 
Who feared God and hated shame. 
Like to the glass, man's life doth pa-ss. 
And all are born to dye ; 
Or a-s the sun his time docs run, 
Tiirt grasp eternity. 

— William Crichton, tenant of Paddockpool 



KINNELL. 



39 



in 1729, is described by the factor for the 
York EuUdings' Co. as "a Eogish fellow, but 
well able to pay [all his arrears of rent], and 
is one of these that should be forced to pay." 
On the contrary, Nicol Crichton, in Bowhouse, 
is called " ane old honest like man, but poor." 
A table-shaped tombstone, embellished with 
the garden implements under-mentioned, bears 
the following epitapli : — - 

Here lyes John Hall, husband to Heleu 
Makie, indwellere iu Douglas Muii-, who depeartd 
this life August the 6, 1720, the years of his age 
80 ; also, here lyes Helen Makie, who dyed 
10 Dec, 1725, aged 79 :— 

Any man that pleiise to speir 

John Hall lyes here ; 

Nothing in life did betid him, 

But honest men may lye bside him. 

Sometime in Gardnerie he serv'd. 

& from the truth he never swervd : 

He to his master ay was just, 

& never did betray his trust : 

& with his work did well Agree, 

He father was of many A tree. 

Att Knock-MiUie-hiU where he did dwell. 

His produk their it Looketh well. 

Now wheu he is dead its to be known ; 

Likewayes one his Children sho'mi 

With spade & Eaik he Wrought his life, 

The snading ax & pruning knife. 

AU these he WTOught but any thraw, 

With shouel fin and cutting saw, 

The truth of All if you will ken, 

He still was loved of honest men. 

Upon a table-shaped stone, embellished with 
a balance and scales, &c. : — 

®^ This stone was erected by William 
Ritchie, merchand in Muir Side of Kinel, and 
Margret Grige his spouse, in memory of there 
son, William Ritchie, who died first of March, 

1728, aged 25 yeai-s. 

— The six tenants who occupied Muirside, in 

1729, appear to have been in fair circum- 
stances -with the exception of two, one of 
whom is described as " a poor silly man, and 
the tack too dear;" and the other as "not 
1)eing able to pay anything to be depended on." 

From a headstone (with carvings of joiner's 
tools), which ijrobably relates to a son of a 
schoolmaster at Monifieth (Eps., i. 11.3) : — 



1731. This stone was erected by John 
Wrquhart, wright iu Renny's Mill, in memory of 
his father, John Wrquhart, wright, who died 
the 2 day of Febrwary, anno 1729, of age 63 
yeai's : — 

If you would know who lyes below this stone 
A mechanick Faher Liynarms, he was one ; 
Who in his day, for Science was exceliug, 
Yet with the worms he's taken up his dwelling, 
For neither airt thoug fine, nor skill ere can, 
Exime us from the comon lot of man. 
Since it is so that we all hence must pass. 
And die like to the flowers, and to the gi"ass ; 
Then let us live to Christ, and give him praise. 
Who only can from earth to heaven us raise. 

Upon an adjoining headstone : — 

Here lies the dust of Mary Fairweather, who 
was spouse to John Scot, teanant in Gilchorn, 
and brought forth to him twelve children, of 
which number eight departed [here named], and 
four are alive [also named]. She died 1735 : — 
Here lyes the bones of eight and one. 
Whose souls are to the heavens gone. 
This matron with her children dear 
Before then- Saviour to appear. 
Who bought them with his precious blood, 
This is our faith ; for to conclud. 
Another parent doth sm'vive 
With children four, while they do live, 
Till that the Lord by his Decree, 
ShaU bring us to the heavens hie. 

[Upon reverse of same stone] : — 
A good wife she is from the Lord, 

Which gives to every man his lot ; 
In peace and love for to concord, 

Untill that death dissolves the knot. 

From a headstone : — 

1755 : Under this stone, erected by Robert 
Brown, tenant in Bolshean, lyes the body of his 
spouse. Christian Duncan, who departed this 
life July 23rd, 1754, aged 29 yeai-s. Also their 
only son, John, who died March 12th, 1752, 
aged 9 months. R. B. : C. D. : Their son, I. B. 

— Robert was a son of Andrew Brown, tenant 
in Mains of Bolshan, and who is described in 
1729, as "being substantial and a well 
employed wright." James, another of the 
familj', who occupied at the same time a por- 
tion of Pitmickie, was " pretty well upon it, 
being a fleshor to his trade." Besides a small 
money rent, it is noted that James Brown paid 



40 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



7 pints of honey, at X2 Scots per pint, for his 
part of Pitmickie. 

These were ancestors of a family in Dundee, 
who have been opulent merchants there for 
several generations. One of these, James 
Brown, who was laird of Lochton, and long a 
millspinner in Dundee, dropt down dead in 
the Nethergate of that town, 6th January, 
1869, when in his 83rd year. Strange to 
say, although Mr. Brown had not only re- 
sided there all his days, but was sometime 
provost of the burgh, he was not recognised 
by any of the onlookers, and his body was 
carried to the " dead house," where it lay for 
sometime before it was identified. 

Christian Duncan, d. 1752, a. 29 :— 
Possessed of AU accomplishments. 

That graceD A Female mind, 
She ripe for heaV'N Tho' young in days, 

To God her Soul resigned. 

Upon a headstone on N.E. of the kirkyard : — 
This stone was erected by David Hill in Loch- 
law, in memory of Jean Scot, who was his 
spouse. She died 28th Feb. 1763, aged 67. And 
Mr. Andrew Hill, late schoolmaster in Dundee, 
their son, with the rest of their children deceased. 
[8 died in infancy.] 

At sides and foot of the tombston lies 

The mother and her children nine, 
In hops one day to soar on high 
With Christ our King to reign. 

[On reverse of same stone] : — 

Mr. Andrew Hill Late Student of Divinety 
w:us gradeuat in King's Coledge, aiild Aberdeen 
12th Aprile 1760. [John xi. 25, &c.] 

Wm. Scot, tenant, Lawtou, d. 1743, a. 80 : — 
Methinks I see the nimble aged sii'e. 
Pass swiftly by, with feet unapt to tire ; 
Upon his head an hourglass he weal's. 
And in his wi-iiikled hand a sythe he bears — 
Both instruments to take the lives from men. 
The on sheweth with what, the other when. 

Margt. Harris, sp. of Jas. Brown, d. at 
Kintore, 1814, a. 50 :— 

Stn|), liei'dk'ss passenger, and drop a tear, 
(^11 till- ciild ashes of a mother dear- ; 
WIki cliilihen fair did bear on earth eleven. 
Then tirm in hope, resign'd her soul to heaven. 



— Harris, or Harrish, is an old name in 
Kinnell. In 1729, the Cotton of Bolshan 
was tenanted by four men of that name, one 
is said to be " pretty well upon it ;" the second 
is described as " a right laborious man " with 
a son a weaver ; the third is called " poor ;" 
and the fourth is reputed to be " a poor silly 
man," from whom " nothing can be de- 
pended on." 
Upon a table-shaped stone : — ■ 

By grateful children, from Eegard to the 
Memory of worthy j)arents, this stone was erected 
over the Remains of John Gowans, who died 1st 
June, 1787, in the 75th year of his age, & Helen 
Ireland, who died 19th Nov., 1780, aged 60 
yeara. By honest iudu.stry in the mercantile line, 
and the profits of a small farm — a portion of 
Pitmikie — they reared a family of six children, 
besides two who died prematurely, gave their 
two sous a liberal education, and, for their Rank 
in life, left their four daughter's in easy circum- 
stances : — 

Forbear to mom-n, all hopeless tears avoid. 
They're fled, not dead — dissolved, not destroy'd ; 
In Heav'n we hope their souls in Bliss do rest, 
Their bodies here sleep peaceful in the dust. 

— Of the sons above referred to, John, some- 
time schoolmaster of St Vigeans, became 
minister first of Glenisla and next of Lunan ; 
and David, who was a medical practitioner, 
died in the West Indies. The daughters 
were all married, Janet, to Robt. Cairncross, 
blacksmith, Bolshan ; Elizabeth, to James 
Ferrier, farmer, Broadmyre, near Brechin ; 
Helen, to Wm. Simson, draper in Arbroath ; 
and Jean, to Peter Laing, tanner in Brechin 
(Epitaphs, i. 242). 

Upon an adjoining (table-shaped) stone : — 

Erected by Alexander Smith, to the memory 
of his father, Alexander Smith, many years 
factor for the Paiunure Estate, wlio died at his 
house, near Middelton, ou the 9th day of July, 
MDCCCXV., aged LXXXIV. yeare. He was an 
affectionate husband, and indulgent parent, a 
sincere friend, and a devout Christian, possessing 
the principal virtues that adorn man. 

The next inscriptions (from two of several 
tombstones), relate to a family who bought 



KINNELL. 



41 



tlie property of Lunanbank, which came hj' 
marriage to Mr William Sim, sometime corn 
merchant in Arbroath. The Skairs appear to 
have come from Menmuir, where one of them 
was tenant of Ledmore, and had seisin of the 
lands of Ealconnell in 1732. The surname 
had probaljly been assumed from Sliuir, a 
place in the parish of Inverarity : — 

This stone was erected by Thomas Skair, 
sometime teuuant in West Miln of Boysick, died 
January 21, 1767, aged 82. His wife, Margaret 
Scot, died November 22nd, 1764, aged 70 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Eliza Skair, 
daughter of Dr. Alex. Skair, London. She died 
at Boysick Mills, 15th August, 1819, aged 19 
years. 



The objects of most interest and antiquity 
in the parish are probably the old Castle of 
Erakie or Kinnell, and two fragments of 
carved stones, one of which, said to have 
been found in the Ogilvy Burial Aisle, pre- 
sents carvings of two serpents, similar to those 
upon a stone at the Kirktown of Strathmartin ; 
and the other, more recently discovered, ex- 
hibits traces of two nondescript animals, of 
much the same type as those upon some of the 
so-called Pictish monuments at Meigle and 
Aberlemno. 

It may be remarked in regard to the history 
of Brakie or Kinnell, that the property 
appears to have belonged to the Dunbars, 
Earls of Moray, under whom Kinnell was held 
in vassalage by Hugh Fraser, the first of 
Lovat, and a descendant of Simon Fraser. 
This was about 1390, when Hugh Fraser, 
dominus de Kinnell, granted a charter of the 
lands of Auchnawys (1 Balnaves) in the 
barony of Kinnell, in which the granter says 
that for stronger evidence, and additional 
security, the seal " domini mei " John Dun- 
bar, Earl of Moray, is also affixed {Inf. 
courteously supplied hy the Right Hon. Lord 
Saltoun). 



Hugh Fraser, probably the same person, 
gave a charter of the lands of Easter Breky, 
in 1 407, to Peter of Strivelyne, his son John, 
and their heirs, for an annual of ten merks 
Scots (Pteg. Mag. Sigill. Scot., 243, 2). The 
superiority of Kinnell probably passed to the 
Crown on the reversion of the Earldom of 
Moray to the king in 14-55, Hugh Fraser and 
his descendants being sub-superiors. 

According to Anderson's History of the 
Frasers of Lovat, Thomas, Lord Lovat, had 
charters in 1501, of the barony of Kinnell, 
which had fallen " into the king's hand by 
recognition." The same writer states that 
Robert, eldest son of the fourth Lord Lovat 
by a second marriage, married Janet Gelly, 
heiress of Brakey, in Fife, that he purchased the 
lands of Brakie in Kinnell, and was killed at 
the water of Beauly by the Monks, about 1520. 

Mr. Anderson gives no authority for these 
statements, and the motto, soli dec coxfido, 
which was that of Thomas Fraser of Kinnell, 
in 1581, would appear (as suggested by Lord 
Saltoun) " to argue descent from the family of 
Muchal, afterwards Lords Fraser, whose motto 
was ' all my hope is in god,' or from that of 
Philorth, ' IN GOD is all,' rather than from 
the family of Lovat, which bore, ' je suis 
prest' ( I am ready), as its motto." 

Tire Castle of Brakie^ which occupies a 
rising ground to the eastward of the church, 
is in pretty good preservation, and surrounded 
by some old trees. A slab over the front door, 
inscribed T. F. : C. K., and dated 1581, bears 
the Fraser arms, impaled witli those of 
Kinnaird of Culbin (3 crescents and 3 stars, 
quarterly), which shews that Fraser of Kinnell 
had married a daughter of the old ilorayshire 
family of Kinnaird. Below the arms is the 

motto, SOLI DEO CONFIDO. 

It was probably soon after 1642 that the 
Frasers ceased to have an interest in Kinnell. 
About that time the Durhams of Pitkorro, 



42 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



and some years later, the Carnegies of 
Southesk, were designed of Kinnell (Eetours). 
Grays held the lands and harony before the 
year 1666, and Guynd (1682) describes the 
laird of Wester Brakie as " a near relation to 
the house of Gray." Douglas of Bridgeford, 
in Caterline, had retours of the same pro- 
perty in 1683, which included a right to the 
burial aisle, and to sittings in the church of 
Kinnell (Eetours). In Guynd's time, Easter 
Brakie was in the hands of 8ir Francis Ogilvy 
of Xew Grange. 

The lands of Braliio were boiiglit by the 
Earl of Panmure about 1742, from Eobert 
Carnegy of Balindarg, with consent of his wife, 
Ann, only daughter and heiress of John Car- 
negie of Kinnell, commonly designed of Brakie 
{MS. Memorandum at Panmure). James Car- 
negie, who was of the Boysack family, is 
designed of KinneU in 1689, and of Brakie in 
1692 (Par. Records). He was probably the 
first Carnegie of these properties, and ancestor 
of the heiress with whose consent Brakie was 
sold to Lord Panmure. Tlie free rental of 
Brakie was then estimated at £1450 Scots, 
and the real rental is now nearly £2000 ster- 
ling. Brakie belongs to the Earl of Balhousie, 
as successor to William, Earl of Panmure, 
through his sister, Lady Jane Maule, who 
married Lord Eamsay, eldest son of the sixth 
Earl of Dalhousie. 

An account of the early history of Bolshan, 
in Kinnell, now the property of the Earl of 
Southesk, is given in Memorials of Angus and 
the Mearns (p. 315). The Ogilvys of Airlie, 
long hereditary bailies of the monastery of 
Arbroath, had a residence at Bolshan, and 
some of them are said to have been buried 
within the " Ogilvy Aisle," which stood on 
the south side of tlie old kirk. The aisle was 
unroofed and otherwise injured about 1766, 
after which the site became a place of common 
burial, the growing necessities of the parish 



having led to a disregard of the injunction 
embodied in the well-known couplet — 

As lang as water runs clear. 
Let nane but Ogilvies lie here. 
Down to 1766, a boot and spur hung in 
the aisle. These were supposed to have be- 
longed to some of the Ogilvys who fell at the 
battle of Arbroath, which was fought chiefly 
within the parish of Kinnell, 1445-46, and in 
which about 500 of the Ogilvys were slain by 
the Lindsays (Lives of the Lindsays). The 
boot fell to decay, but the spur, with a rowel 
as large as a crown piece, is preserved within 
the church, where also, until recently, hung 
the " deid bell." The latter — a square object 
of some antiquity — is now used as a dinner 
bell at the manse. 

Tlie Lunan, which runs through the parish, 
is crossed at Kinnell's Mill by a stone bridge, 
dated 1819. At Friockheim, which is a quoad 
sacra parish to Kirkdeu, and about a mile to 
the west of Kinnell, are the nearest village 
and railway station. Friockheim was com- 
menced by the late :Mr. Andson (formerly 
Anderson) of Arbroath, who erected a spinning 
mill there about 1810; audit was his son, 
and Mr. T. Gardyne, the superior, who gave 
it the designation of FfiiocKHEiM, by advertise- 
ment, dated 22ud May, 1824, it having been 
previously known as " Friock Feus" (Epi- 
taphs, i. 35). 

j\Ir. Andrew Thomson, who is a native of 
Kinnell, and a teacher in Dunfermline, wrote 
a Geography of Scotland in verse (Dunferm. 
1841), in which he thus speaks of Friockheim, 
and the part which the late Mr. Andson had 
in the formation of the village : — 

" The pleasant village, Friockheim, 
On Lunan water stands. 
And from a single waterfall 

A thriving trade commands. 
Around a world, made to his hand, 

Old Anson often whirled ; 
An Anson here, by enterprise, 
Has formed a little world." 
[luscriptions compd. by Mr. Gauldie, schoolmaster. J 



BIRSE. 



43 



13 1 r s c. 

(S. MICHAEL, ARCHANGEL.) 

UlfiyHE cliurch of Brass is mentioned in one 
•^ of tlie earliest charters (1157) of the 
bishopric of Aberdeen. It was the seat of the 
Chancellor of the diocese, and the vicarage and 
teinds are valued at 12 merks in the Old 
Taxation. 

The church of Birse and six others, vacant 
in 1574, were under the charge of one minis- 
ter. The stipend was £80 Scots, and the 
reader at Birse, Andro Hoge, had the kirk- 
lands and a money salary of £16 Scots. 

Mr. John Eoss was minister of Birse about 
1640, and being laird of Easier Clune and ac- 
counted rich, he was imprisoned by the Cove- 
nanters, and so severely fined that, it is said, 
his clesceudants never recovered from his 
losses. It was probably by way of solatium 
for these injuries (for the legislature after- 
wards acknowledged the severity of its con- 
duct towards Mr. Eoss) that his son, Arthur, 
was raised to the dignity of Prelate, but as he 
discharged his official duties neither with tact 
nor with acceptance, he became very un- 
popular. 

Two pewter communion cups at Birse be- 
long to the time of Mr. John Keith (1666-84), 
who was previously at Echt, afterwards at (_)ld 
Machar. The cups are thus inscribed : — 

MIKEITHMINKCVPHEFORBREISS. 
Two silver cups bear each : — 

COMMUNION CUP, BIRSE. 

JOSEPH SMITH, MINISTER, A-D. 1806. 

The church, which stands upon the south 
side of the Dee, was covered with heather in 
1765, and when taken down in 1779, a coffin- 
slab was discovered in the foundations, upon 
■which were incised a double-handed sword, an 
axe, and a cross. The slab, which is preserved 



at the church, and is about 6 feet in length, 
probably belongs to the 14th or 15th centuries. 

The belfry is dated 1779, and the Eev. Mr. 
Dunn kindly informs me thut the bell now in 
use is thus inscribed : — 

I WAS GLAD WHEN THEY SAID UNTO ME 

—LET US GO INTO THE HOUSE OF THE 

LORD. PSALM 12-2, 1. 

The old bell, which was injured about sixty 
years ago, was so remarkable for its fine sharp 
tone, that it gave rise to the local remark, ex- 
pressive of the utmost certaint}', of its being 
"as clear as the bell o' Birse." Another say- 
ing — " as auld as the hills o' Birse" — is said 
to have originated from a family of the name 
of HQl, who lived in the parish, and who at- 
tained to great ages. 

The present kirk is a plain building, and 
within it are three marble tablets. One, em- 
bellished with the Hatton arms, bears this in- 
scription : — 

To the memory of Sir John Hatton of Long 
Staiitou, in the county of Cambridge, Baronet, 
who died at Ballogie, greatly regretted by his 
friends, on the 26th day of June, 1811, aged 52, 
and was buried in the churchyard, near the south 
wall of this church. 

— A stone within an enclosure, with the same 
inscription as above, covers the grave of Sir 
John, who long rented the liouse and shoot- 
ings of Ballogie. Tradition asserts that he 
died through " foul play" on the part of a 
domestic servant, who escaped justice at the 
time, but who is said to have been afterwards 
convicted of forgery, and to have suffered the 
extreme penalty of the law. 

Sir John was of an eccentric disposition, 
and as he had assumed the name of Mr. 
Broirii, his real name and rank became known 
only after his death. He was the jjenultimate 
baronet of Long Stanton, his brother having 
died the year after him, without leaving issue 
(Burke's Ext. Bar.) 

The Hattons were a family of considerable 



44 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



antiquity and importance in England, the most 
famous of whom was probably Sir Christopher, 
Lord Chancellor to Queen Elizabeth. Stow 
(p. 370) tells that upon the 3rd day of 
May, 1587, Sir Christopher rode from Ely 
Place to Westminster, there to take the oath 
as Chancellor, and that before him "went 
about the number of forty, his gentlemen in 
one liuery and chaines of gold." On his right 
was the Lord Treasurer, on his left the Earl 
of Leicester, " after whom rode certaine of the 
Nobility, the Judges of the Eealeme, and 
many knights." Lord Chancellor Hatton died 
unmarried, and his estates came to the Hattons 
of Kirby, one of whom, also Sir Christopher, 
was made a Knight of the Bath at the Coro- 
nation of James I. It was to this " truly 
noble knight," who died about 1619, that the 
unfortunate Thomas Eandolph, of Trinity 
College, Cambridge, the contemporary of 
Shakespeare and personal friend of Ben 
Johnson, addressed the following Ode, here 
printed from an old copy (1652) of Randolph's 
Poems : — 

" To you (whose recreations. Sir, might be 
Others employments ; whose quick soul can see 
There may, besides a hawk good sport be found. 
And musick heard, although without a hound) 
I send my muse. Be pleas'd to hear her strain 
When y'are at truce mth Time. 'Tis a low vein. 
But were her breasts inrag'd with holier fire, 
That she could force, when she but touch'd her Ij're, 
The waves to leap over their clifts, dull earth 
Dance round the centre, and create new birth 
In every Element, and out-charm each Sphere ; 
'Twere but a lesson worthy such an eai'e." 

Another tablet within the church is thu.s 
inscribed : — 

Francis Jambs Cochran of Balfour, advocate 
in Aberdeen ; born 30th June, 1809, died 8th 
July, 1870. A Christian gentleman, an able and 
accomplished lawyer, a dutiful and aft'ectiouate 
son, a devoted luisbaud, a loving father, a faitli- 
ful friend, a public benefactor, an active and 
earnest servant of Christ. " He served his gene- 
ration according to the will of God, and fell 
asleep." To him to live was Christ ; to die was 
gain. His Witlow and Children erect this tablet 
to his hallowed memory. 



— Mr. Cochran, who bought the property of 
IMfour from the Marquis of Huntly in 1840, 
and converted it from a comparative wilder- 
ness into a sort of paradise, was buried in the 
churchyard of Bhse, where a monument con- 
tains an inscription to his memory ; likewise 
to his son Hugh, who predeceased him. Mr. 
Cochran's father, who was a shipowner in 
Aberdeen, was buried at Nigg {siq)m,.lC^). 

The burial place of Farquharson of Finzean 
(the chief heritor of the parish) is upon the 
site of the old kirk. Four slabs, three of 
marble, and one [4] of granite, relate to this 
family, and are respectively inscribed as 
follows : — 

[1.] 

In memory of Archibald Farquharson, Esq. 
of F-inzean, born 6th Aug., 1793, died 14th May, 
1841. This tablet was erected by Frances Far- 
quhai-son, his mourning widow. A tribute to 
that unbroken conjugal affection which subsisted 
between them for twenty-six years. [Job i. 21.] 

[2.] 
In memory of Mre. Christian Spring, widow 
of Archibald Farquhareon, Esq., the elder of 
Finzean, who died at Auchinhove Cottage, 
Lumi)hauau, 3(lth May, 1849, aged 82. 

[3.] 

In memory of Mrs. Frances Russell of 

Blackball, widow of Ai-chibald Farquharson, 

Esq., the younger of Finzean, who died at 

Ai-dbeadie Cottage, Banchory, 3rd July, 1847, 



used b3. 



[4.] 



In memoriam : Alison-Mary Ainslie, wife 
of Francis Farquharson, died at Finzean House, 
6th Nov. 1863. 

— The last of these inscriptions refers to the 
first wife of the late Mr. F. Farquharson of 
Finzean. This gentleman, who succeeded to 
the estates in 1849, was previously a medical 
jiractitioner in Edinburgh, and died there 27th 
February, 1876, leaving three sons. The 
eldest. Dr. Eobert, is a physician in London ; 
the second, Joseph, is a well-known landscape 
painter ; and the third is farmer of Banaghei', 
near Kingussie, Inverness-shire. 



BIRSE. 



45 



The Farquliarsons of Finzean are sprung 
from Donald, son of Findla Mohr M'Farquhar, 
■who is said to have been killed at Pinkie in 
1547 (Epitaphs, i. 214). Donald, who was 
the eldest son of Findla Mohr, and laird of 
Castletown of Braemar, had a numerous family. 
His second son, Kobert, who married a daugh- 
ter of the laird of Mackintosh, and widow of 
Glengary (Brochdargue MS.), had a charter 
of Tilly garmonth, in Birse, &c., from the 
Bishop of Aberdeen, in 1580. About the 
year 1 600 he acquired the lands and barony of 
Finzean from Gordon of Cluny, and thus be- 
came ancestor of the Finzean branch, who are 
also lairds of !Migvie in Cromar, and of Auch- 
lossan, &o., in Lumphanan. 
Within an enclosure ; — 

Tu memory of Alexander Farqcharson, late 
of Balfour ; Margaret Davie, his spouse ; aud 
Francis Farquharson, their eldest son, all here 
interred. This stone was erected by Dr. William 
Fai'quharsoii, physician in Edinburgh, June, 1814. 

— Donald, second son of Farquharson of Fin- 
zean, was the first Farquliarson of Balfour. 
He bought the lands about the middle of the 
17th century, and married a daughter of 
Forbes of Corsindae, by whom he had a son 
Donald, who was father of Alexander, and 
grandfather of Dr. William Farquharson, 
mentioned in the above inscription. The last- 
named Donald died in early life, and his 
widow afterwards married Mr. Skinner, pa- 
rochial schoolmaster of Birse, by whom she 
had the Kev. John Skinner, author of " Tul- 
lochgorum," and otlier children (Epitaphs, i. 
98). Francis, son of Dr. William Farquharson, 
sold Balfour to the Earl of Aboyne (after- 
wards Marquis of Huntly), from whom it 
was acquired by Mr. Cochran, whose son and 
successor, Alexander, is a great-great-grandson 
of Francis, the last Farquharson of Ballbur. 

A massive monument of Peterhead granite, 
is thus inscribed : — 

The burial place of James DrcE Nicol of 



Ballogie and Badentoy, who died 16 November, 
1872, aged 67 yeare. 

— Mr. Nicol, who was M.P. for his native 
county of Kincardine from 1864 until the 
time of his death, was the son of a medical 
practitioner at Stonehaven (Epitaphs, i. 78). 
He acquired BaUogie in 1852, and so much did 
he improve the estate, that it is now one of 
the most delightful residences in the district. 

A marble tablet, built into the outer and 
south wall of the church of Birse, bears this 
inscription to the Eev. Alkx. Garden : — 

Viro Optimo A. G., hujusce ecclesiffi multos 
auuos pastoris, qui pietate. Uteris, morumque 
suavitate sacro-sancta evangelii iustituta illustra- 
vit. lucoucussa in patriam fide SiBvos inter belli 
civillis furores laborantibus uec ope, uec coucilio, 
uec hospitio defuit. Nee non matri dilectissimse, 
jiaupei'uiu patrona^, hunt lapidem, tautarum vir- 
tutuiu liiiiiiuineiitum eheu ! caducum post pere- 
griuatioueui XXXVIII. amiorem tandem redux 
Alexr. Garden, posuit, MD.CC.LXXXIX. 

[To the memorj' of an exceUent man, A. G., 
for many j'ears minister of this church, who by 
his piety, learning, and uniform sweetness of dis- 
position, illustrated the most holy precepts of the 
Gospel. Of unshaken fidelity to his country, he 
aflbrded aid, counsel, and hospitality to the dis- 
tressed during the savage fury of the Civil War: 
And also to the memory of his most dearly loved 
Mother, a benefactress of the poor. Alexander 
Garden, in 1789, on his return after an absence 
abroad for 38 yeare, erected this stone, as, alas ! 
a jierishable memorial of so great virtues.] 

— Mr. Alex. Garden, who came to Birse in 
1726, aud died there in 1777, aged 97, was 
previously minister at Kinerny. He was pas- 
sionately fond of music, and played the 
violin with so much enthusiasm that before • 
coming to Birse he had earned for himself the 
sobriquet of " the feel (foolish) fiddler o' 
Kinerny ! " It is said that he composed the 
tune of " Jenny dang the weaver," in celebra- 
tion of a dispute that his wife had with a local 
" customer weaver," in which the lady was 
victorious. In Thomson's Orpheus Caledonius 
(1773), a scarce and valuable collection of 
Scots Songs set to music, the song of " 0, 



46 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



mither, dear, I 'gin to fear," is set (ii. 83) to 
tlie tune of " Jenny beguiled the webster." 

Mr. Garden had a son who was bred a 
saddler, and on going to London he established 
the house of Garden & Co., Piccadilly, ac- 
coutrement makers and army saddlers. He 
made a fortune by his business, and bought 
an estate in jSTorfolk, which is still held by 
descendants. Another son (the erector of the 
above tablet), was a physician at Charleston, 
South Carolina, an able naturalist, and a cor- 
respondent of Linnaeus. 

Mr. George Knowles, who succeeded iNIr. 
Garden at Birse, had also a taste for music, 
and among other tunes, he composed that of 
Balfour or St. Stephen's. He was married to 
a daughter of the laird of Balfour in Birse, 
and, according to tradition, the tune had its 
origin in Mr. Knowles having dreamt that, 
while fishing in the Dee near Balnacraig, his 
wife appeared in white apparel, and sang tlie 
first two verses of the 84th Psalm, to an air 
which he never heard before. It is added 
that sometime afterwards, while fishing at 
the same place, Mr. Knowles was seized with 
inflammation of the bowels, and making his 
way to the house of Balnacraig, where he had 
previously arranged to meet his wife, he died 
there in 1780, at the age of 39. 

He was a person of high mental culture, and 
left a descriptive poem in MS., which ap- 
peared in three parts in the Scots Magazine for 
1815. It contains numerous allusions to the 
scenery and traditions of Deeside, and among 
other incidents, it has a reference to the tra- 
ditional origin of the placing of " the stane" 
upon the hill of Clochnabane, a circumstance 
which the poet attributes to a feud between 
" the D-v-1 and his Dame," the former having 
thrown " the stane" at the latter while she 
was pouring forth a torrent of invective from 
the mountain top upon her lord in " the plain 
below " : — 



Again til' infernal fury rais'd her voice. 

The horrid sound rung through the echoing \vild, 
Whilst rocks amaz'd, at the terrific noise, 

Stood trembling like the 'joblin- frighted child. 
" Have at you now, you Beldame," roar'd the fiend, 

And hurVd the rock, through the resounding skies; 
Dreadful it fell, and crush'd his breathless friend. 

And there entomb'd Her Hellish Highness lies 1 

The next two inscriptions are from small 
headstones : — 

1749 : Here lyes Isobel Eoss spouse to lohu 
Stuart fleer in Forrest of Bii-ss who died lule 9 
aged 52. 

[2.] 

1750 : Hear lyes Donald Catanach who dyed 
in the forrast of Bii-s aged 61 May the 28 174.3. 

From a table-shaped stone : — 

The Rev. Joseph Smith, who was inducted 
minis'ter of Birse, Sept. 2, 1789, has erected this 
monument in memory of Mrs. Barbara Eeid, 
his spouse, who died Dec. 12, 1825, aged 66. 
[The deaths of a son and 2 drs. here recorded.] 
The Rev. Joseph Smith, died 7th Sept. 1831, 
aged 82. The Rev. George Smith, his son, for 
39 years minister of this parish, died 26th Oct., 
1863, aged 61 years. 

— Mr. Joseph Smith was a native of Cromar, 
and sometimeparochialschoolmasterat Aboyne. 
It is said that he received the presentation 
to the church of Birse when busy in school, 
and that he gave vent to his joy b}- giving 
three cheers, and exclaiming, " Hurrah ! minis- 
ter o' Birse, wi' nine years' fordle ! " meaning 
thereby that, having been nine years a preacher, 
he had a correspondmg stock of sermons on 
hand. {Funlle — ready or beforehand work). 

iUthough somewhat eccentric, Mr. Smith 
was much respected by his parishioners, and 
money being then much more scarce on L)ee- 
side than it is now, he frequently found a 
number of necMess bntss buttons in the ladles 
when special collections were made. It is told 
that with the view of checking this practice 
he added one day — " Xow, my freends, I hope 
the off 'rin' will be large on this occasion ; an' 
a' you that will put buttons into the ladles, 



BIRSE. 



47 



see that you put tliem in wi' necks, that they 
may be eesfu' !" (useful). 

Mr. Smith, the youngpr (to whom the 
third tablet in the church is erected), was the 
author of a work entitled, Truth as Revealed, 
or Voluntary and Free Cimrchism opposed to 
the Word of God. He also wrote the New 
Statistical Account of the parish. 
Upon a granite headstone : — 

To the memory of David Sivewriqht, some 
time farmer in Mains of Finzean, afterwards in 
Auchlossan, who died 29th September, 1849, 
aged 70 years. Also of his daughter, Christian, 
who died in 1828, aged 4 months. Also of 
Elspet Adams, his wife, who died at Auchlossan, 
25th August, 1867, aged 78 yeai-s. Also of their 
daughter, Isabella, who died 22nd February, 
1874, aged 57 years. 

— The grandfather of David Sivewright, who 
died in 1849, occupied the INIill of Clinter, in 
Birse, in 1802, and on the 27th of May of 
that year he sublet the same to Peter Mor- 
timer, and delivered over to him the following 
" Inventary of the goeing and Lyang gear of 
the ]\Iill," which contains some curious items, 
and shews at the same time how econo- 
mically " the trade" was carried on in those 
days. Although the total amount of the 
valuation was only £17 5s., it appears to have 
been paid by instalments : — 

A Clothed axeltree . . . £3 10 

2 Millstons, 16 inches, Both Sea Stons 9 
A hoop for the Running stone . 5 

Haper & little HapperCrubs& letter trees 1 
Windlass & Eope . . . . 10 
Meal skull staples & back of the trough 10 
One Cradle, 7/ ; Bridge & plank 1 2/, in all 1 9 

Mill Irons ICO 

4 Clusses, Cheeks, wand, & bands . 5 

A Meal Cog with Iron Hoops for uplifting the kna- 
ship. A firlot ^vith Iron Hoops. 

There were several householders in Birse of 
the surname of Sivewright in 1696, the most 
important of whom appears to have been 
Duncan, laird of Drumneachie, an estate which 
was valued at ^£110 Scots. He had a family 
of four daughters, and employed two male and 
two female servants. 



A weem upon the hill at Auchnafoy, which 
has never been fully examined, belongs to 
prehistoric times. There are also two pretty 
entire, though small, stone circles between the 
Dee and the public road on the way to 
Aboyne, and a number of cairns are scattered 
throughout the parish, as well as some upright 
boulders. A remarkable cairn is near Finzean, 
and a boulder, which was accidentally broken, 
but clasped with iron, by order of the late laird 
of Finzean, is upon the hill of Corsedarder. 

This boulder, according to tradition, marks 
the grave of " King Dardanus," who is said 
to have fallen by the sword of rebellious sub- 
jects. More probably the true meaning of the 
name is to be found in the Gaelic words Daur- 
tor, which would have some such signification 
as the cross of the " oak (covered) knoll or 
height." Possibly the boulder had been simply 
a boundary or march stone, and as such may 
be an object of some antiquity. 

With regard to the Forest of Birse, it ap- 
pears that so early as 1 242 Bishop Ralph of 
Aberdeen had a grant of it and of the Forest 
of Fetterneir from Alexander II. But Boethius 
says that before 1242 Bishop Gilbert suc- 
ceeded in recovering from the wicked High- 
landers the woodlands of Birse and Clova. To 
similar invasions the bishop's lands of Birse 
were frequently subjected, and on one occasion 
the Mackintoshes took possession, and remained 
there until expelled by law (Reg. Abd., i. 
136-7). 

Tradition says that the Bishop of Aberdeen 
had a hunting seat in the Forest of Birse, but 
it is more certain that the forest and whole 
parish were divided into twenty-four towns or 
farm holdings, and leased by the bishops to 
as many tenants. 

The carriage of timber, a circumstance 
which shows that wood was then (1511) 
abundant in the district, formed an item in 
the payment of rent. In the case of Dulsak, 



48 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



the tenant, Findley Eeauch, in addition to a 
grassum and an annual money rent, "was 
bound to manufacture out of dry, and not out 
of green wood, and to furnish annually to liis 
superiors four dozen plates, as many dishes 
and salvers, eight lie chargers, and four large 
basins, all of which were turned, and possibly 
made of plane or birch, with the exception of 
the bowls, which were of beech (Reg. Ep. 
Abd., i. 377-8). . Buckets, tubs, bobbins, and 
brush-handles are still manufactured at Birse. 

It would appear that between 1.574 and 
1636, eighteen of the twenty-four possessions 
above referred to, were owned by the Gordons 
of Clunj^, one of whom erected a castle in the 
Forest of Birse, the ruins of which still stand. 
Gordon seems to have built this stronghold 
against the wish of his neighbours, and about 
1640, feeling that their rights and liberties 
were in danger, the people rose en masse, set 
fire to the castle, and turned the land which 
Gordon had cultivated into a commonty. 

There was a band of suspected reivers or 
caterans living in the forest of Birse about this 
time, of the name of Cameron, and some of 
them were charged with having entered a 
house in the adjoining county of Angus, and 
carried away " mens goods." How far the 
case was enquired into does not appear ; but 
in defence of his " brether" and a friend, 
Donald Cameron either wrote or caused to be 
written to the proprietor of the invaded lands 
— " the Eicht honor"'''' the Lared off Pan- 
mure" — the following curious letter, here 
printed from the original : — 

Eicht honor''i>''' 

ffor samekele a.s it is gyfin yo' wo/ship to wnder- 
stand, that my brether, alien cameronn, and 
Donald M''alen, was' ye way takeres of yo' 
wo/is mens goods, and tlie plwudei-s of ane 
hows, to Let yo' wo/ sie that ther aUedgence is 
grownded wpon unsertenties, I have not a brether 
in Scotland bot ane & his name is ewawin 
camerone q" was w' me q" tlie goods was takin 
away, and wiU get dywers swficient men q" will 



bear witnes wher we war then, for the which 
respect I am bold to Intreat yo' wo/ to be no 
unfreind to me till the trewth be knowin, & iff 
it prowe vther wais nor I say. Let me find no 
moir faure nor I deserwe, tfor so doeiug yo' 
wo/ship sail have ws oblest to remaine 
Yo' wo/ships hwmbll 

Serwant to his pover 

POXALD CaMERONNE. 

ffrom bii-is 

the 29 Sep. 1650. 

It was probably the above-mentioned Ewan 
Cameron who, on taking " ane room from the 
Erie of Southesk," within the bounds of the 
Presbytery of Brechin, admitted (June 1649) 
that he was " in the rebellion with James 
Graham," that he had never taken com- 
munion, and that he could not tell whether 
he had ever received " the benefit of baptisme" 
(Preshy. Record). 

One of the " cheif passages from the Tay to 
the Dee (says Sir James Balfour), is the 
Forrest of Birrse, wch lays from Cairn Corsse 
to Birse, on Dee syde, and containes six myles 
of mounthe." In these days there were no 
bridges in the parish ; but in connection with 
the great thoroughfare by Cairn-o'-Mounth, 
there are now two. One was erected across 
the Dee at Potarch, in 1813, and the other, a 
suspension bridge, is at Aboyne. The latter, 
built by the Earl of Aboyne in 1828, was re- 
stored in 1830, having been carried off in the 
previous year by the great floods. 

But it appears that there were stone bridges 
in Birse a hundred years before thi.s. One at 
Millton of Ballogie, over the Cattie, destroyed 
by the flood of 1799, was recently re-erected, 
and presents two picturesque arches, also this 
inscription, which was upon the original 
bridge : — 

WILLIAM ROBBIE IN AURNTILLIE, SOMETIME 
RESIDENTER IN BARBADOES, HATH, OF HIS GENE- 
ROSITY, BUILT THIS BRIDGE IN THE TEAR, 1730. 

A very convenient stone bridge, of five 
arches, erected over the Feugh at Whitestone, 



DYKE. 



49 



at the expense of Dr. Gilbert Eamsay, rector 
of Christ's Church, Barbadoes, was in connec- 
tion with the Cairn-o'-Mounth road from Fet- 
tercairn to Potarch and Aboyne. It was swept 
away in 1799, and has not been rebuilt. 

The valley of Glencatt is chiefly noticeable 
from its beauty as a Highland glen, and from 
its having been the birthplace of one who, after 
being " Thirteen years in the Scotch College 
at Paris, among the secular clergy," renounced 
Popery, and exposed its errors in a curious 
book in two parts, entitled Memoirs of the Life 
of John Gordon of Glencatt (Lond. 1734). 

Besides Archbishop Eoss, of St. Andrews, 
Dr. Gilbert Eamsay of Barbadoes, and the 
Eev. Mr. Skinner, of Longside, the Eev. ]\lr. 
Eose, Episcopal minister of Lochlee and Leth- 
not, and great-grandfather of Lord Stratli- 
nairn (Epitaphs, i. 382), was a native of Birse, 
and is said to have been a son of Donald Eose, 
of Wester Clune. 

Eoss or Eosse, was then a common surname 
in Birse ; and it is certain that Eoses (said to 
be a branch of the Kilravock family), possessed 
Ballogie (anciently TiUysnaurjlit, the " snowy 
hillock"), for about a century from the year 
1650. After that time Ballogie passed througli 
various hands ; and, as before shown, it be- 
came by purchase in 1852, the property of 
the late Mr. James Dyce Nicol, M.P., who 
was succeeded by his eldest son, Mr. "William 
Edward Nicol. 

Certain of the old lairds of Ballogie were 
Eoman Catholics, and one of them gave a croft 
to that church at Upper Boggieshiel, where 
there were long a chapel and a priest's house ; 
but being near the mansion-house of Ballogie, 
the chapel and residence were removed, some 
years ago, to Tillenteach, on the Finzean 
property. 

S. Michael's Well is near the parish 
church of Birse ; and on Mount Ganiach is 
S. Colm's Well. 



Besides the very valuable notices of the 
parish, which are contained in the Spalding 
Club books, a history of Birse was \^a•itteu by 
Eobert Dinnie, mason (Abdn. 1865). 

[Compd. by the Eev. Mr. Dunn.] 



Dpkc. 



(S. 



BY charter, dated at Elgin, 1189-99, King 
AVilliam gave the churches of Foreys 
and Dijl;, with the tithes and vicarage of the 
same, to the Bishop of Moray (Eeg. Ep. 
Morav., 9). 

The church of Dlhe (1 Dyke) (Theiner), is 
rated at 22s. 8d. in the Taxation of 1275, and 
at 4 merks in that of 1350. It was a prebend 
of the Cathedral of Moray, and one of the 
mensal churches of the diocese. 

The three churches of Dyke, Moy, and 
Forres were under one minister in 1574 ; and 
Alexander Duff was reader at Dyke. 

A decreet was pronounced on 24th Jan., 
1618, "Anent the vneiting of the kirk of 
Moy to the Kirk of Dyik, baithe lyand w'in 
the diocie of Murray" (Acta Pari, v. 569). 
In 1641, the right of presentation to the 
cluirch of Dyke was found to belong to the 
Earl of Dunfermline, Lord Fyvie (ibid.) ; but 
Campbell of Moy entered a protest against this 
finding, as recorded in the Presbytery books 
of Forres (Shaw's Moray). 

It was in 1 780, during the digging of the 
foundations of the present church of Dyke, 
aud near the steps which lead to the burial 
place of Brodie of that Ilk, that a quantity of 
silver coins were found. They belonged to 
the time of William the Lion, and were from 
the mints of Edinburgh, Perth, Eo.xburgh, 
Stirling, and Berwick. 

Mr. Cardonnel (Ifumismata Scotia3, pref., 
3-4), who gives a description of the coins and 

li 



50 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



tlieir discovery, says that they were found by 
a workman, who immediately closed up the 
trench where they lay, hut who returned at 
night, along with his wife, and carried off the 
whole mass, which, adds Mr. Cardonnel, 
" must have been very valuable," for the 
finder, a poor man, soon became a considerable 
farmer. Fortunately some specimens of " the 
find" were saved from the melting pot, and 
deposited in the Museum of the Society of 
Antiquaries of Scotland, where they are still 
to be seen. This discovery was one of national 
importance, it having been previously doubted 
whether there was a silver coinage in Scotland 
in the time of King William. 

The church and churchyard of Dyke occupy 
a rising ground ; and on the south side of the 
kirk is the burial place of the present noble 
family of Moray. It is enclosed with a rail- 
ing, and marked by a handsome obelisk of 
white marble. The family arms adorn the 
needle, and a tablet in the plinth bears : — 

THIS IS 
THE BURYING PLACE OF 

THE FAMILY OF MORAY. 
— In the Kirk-session records (Jan. 17, 1683) 
it is stated, " This day being Wednesday, the 
corps of the right honourable The Countess of 
Murray were interred in the church of Dyke, 
the Eight Eeverend father in God, the Bishop 
of Murray, preached the funerall sermon." 
This entry appears to relate to the fourth 
Countess, Emilia, daughter of Sir William 
Balfour of Pitcullo, and mother of the fifth 
Earl of Moray. According to Douglas' Peer- 
age, the second Earl of Moray, who died at 
Darnaway, 6th August, 1638, "was buried 
next day at the Church of Dyke, without any 
pomp, according to his own directions." 

The founder of this branch of the Earls of 
Moray was James, the " Good Eegent" (natural 
son of James V.), who was assassinated by 
Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh, at Linlithgow, 



21st January, 1.569-70, when in his 37th 
year. He was buried within St. Giles's 
Church, Edinburgh, in which is his monu- 
ment, lately restored. His wife was a daugh- 
ter of Earl Marischal, and by her he left two 
daughters, the elder of whom. Lady Elizabeth, 
married James Stewart, afterwards the "Bonny 
Earl of Moray," of Scottish song, son and heir 
of Sir James Stewart of Doune. He was 
murdered by Huntly's men among the rocks 
near Donibiistle, 7th February, 1591-2, and 
was succeeded by his eldest brother James, 
from whom the present Earl is descended. 

The family burial aisle of the Brpdies of 
that Ilk is at the east end of the church. It 
is an ashlar buUding, with a stair leading to a 
vault, in which are the coffins of Willi.\ii- 
Douglas-Eynett and George-Gordon, two 
of the sons of the Laird of Brodie. The for- 
mer, born 20th Jan., 1815, died 16th ?^ov., 
1865, and the latter, born 12th Aug., 1839, 
died 3rd Dec, 1868. 

A coffin slab, built into the north end of the 
upper fiat of the aisle, presents a calvary on 
steps, with a sword below the right arm. 
Eouud the margin of the stone (part of which 
is unfortunately covered by the floor), is this 
inscription : — 

® hie iacrt richarbua brothu cfi u.vorc siui qui 

abiit -x" bi" iit ;iuo tini 

in° = cccc" = I-V-X-x" = biii'' 

— This is the only inscribed slab within the 

aisle, and nothing is recorded of the persons 

commemorated. 

There are also three inscribed coffin-plates 
within the building : — ■ 

The Hon'''''- Alexander Brodie of Brodie, 
Esq., Lyon King at Aims for Scotland. Obiit 
March 9, 1754, aetat. 58. 

— It was in this Laird's time, says Mr. 
Young in his History of New Spynie, that 
the family of Brodie reached its greatest 



DYKE. 



51 



heiglit of prosperity, being then possessed of 
very considerable territory, to wliicli the 
Lyon-King added the property of Lochloj'. 
He was sometime M.P. for Elginshire, and 
afterwards for the Inverness District of Burghs. 

[2.] 
Alexander Brodie of Brodie, Esq., born 
May 29th, 1741, died at Bristol, Sept. 5tb, 1759, 
aged 18 yeare, the last surviving son of Alex. 
Brodie of Brodie, Lord Lyon, deceased, and of 
Mary Sleigli, his wife. 

[.3.] 
Mart Sleigh, only child of Major Sam. Sleigh 
and of Isabella Corbet, his wife. This truely 
worthy lady died univei-sally regi-eted the 21st 
March 1760, in the .^eth year of her age, the 
widow of Alex. Brodie of Brodie, Esq., Lord 
Lyon, by whom slie had eight children, three 
most iirdinisiug sons and five daughters, all 
whicli she survived, except oue most unspeakably 
afflicted daughter, Emilia, the wife of John Mac- 
leod of Macleod, Esq. 

— Tradition says that " a weird " was pro- 
nounced against the Brodies of that Ilk, to 
the effect that no son born within the Castle 
of Brodie shoidd ever become heir to the pro- 
perty. It is added that this was caused by 
one of the lairds who induced an old woman 
to confess being guilty of witchcraft by offer- 
ing her a new gown ; and then, instead of 
fulfilling his promise, had her tied to a stake 
and burnt ! 

It is further stated that the iady of the 
Lyon-King treated the malison with indiffer- 
ence, and bore all her family in the Castle of 
Brodie ; but as she had the misfortune to see 
one son after anotlier pass away by death, it is 
said she repented of her neglect of the warn- 
ing, and died of a broken heart. But the 
malison, whatever eifect it may have had in 
days of yore, has now quite lost its power, 
the present laird having been born icit/iin the 
Castle of Brodie, 8th Sept., 1840. 

On the death of the son of the Lyon-King 
in 1759, the succession to Brodie devolved 
upon his cousin, James Brodie of Spynie. He 



man-ied a daughter of William Earl of Fife, 
by whom he had a large family, and dying in 
1824, was succeeded by a grandson, William, 
who died in 1873, having been Lord-Lieu- 
tenant of Nairnshire from his succession in 
1824. He was succeeded by his second sur- 
viving son Hugh, who married, Jan. 1, 1868, 
Lady Eleanor, third daughter of the second 
Earl of Ducie, by whom he has issue four 
sons and one daughter. 

The present laird's grandfather, who was 
accidentally drowned at Madras in 1802, left 
two sons and five daughters. The fourth 
daughter, Isabella, married Captain Pattullo, 
of the Madras Cavalry ; and within an aisle 
(adjoining that of the Brodies) is a marble 
monument, with war trophies, the names of 
the battles in which the deceased was en- 
gaged — Alma, Balaclava, Inkerman — and this 
inscription : — 

This monument is erected to the memory of 
Lt.-Col. James Brodie Pattullo, C.B., of the 
30th Regiment, by many friends who wished to 
record their affection for him, and their admira- 
tion of his character, conduct, and military 
services. Distinguished throughout the whole 
Crimean Campaign for his gallantry and zeal ; 
he was not less remarkable for the fortitude 
with which he bore its unparalleled hardships, 
and for his devotion to the best interests of the 
Soldiers. He fell mortally wounded at the 
attack on the Eedan, 8th Sept., 1855, and died 
the following day, in his 33rd year, greatly be- 
loved and lamented. Sustained in Death by the 
principles which guided his Life, expressing his 
reliance solely on the meiits of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, he died in the sure and certain hope of a 
joyful resurrection. 

— Tlie surname of Brothu, Brothy, Brodie, is 
of territorial origin, and seems to have been 
assumed from the lands of that name in Dyke, 
from which, under tlie name of " Brochy," 
the King's collector in 1337 (Chamb. EoUs), 
charges himself with certain payments. Shaw 
supposes the family to be a branch of the 
ancient Moravienses, or those of the time of 
jSIalcolm IV., and begins the pedigree with 



52 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



Malcolm, Thane of Brodie, who died in 1285, 
a designation which occurs in the case of John 
of Brodie, in 1492 (Reg. Morav., 236). It is 
further said that Thomas of Brothie and Dyke 
had a charter of tlie lands of Brodie from 
Bruce, in 1311. The most important cadet 
of tlie family is Brodie of Lethen, whose an- 
cestor, Alexander, was a brother of David 
Brodie of that Ilk, and uncle to Lord Brodie. 
Mr. John Clerk Brodie, W.S., laird of Idvies, 
is a son of this branch (Epitaphs, i. 35). 

It was one of the lairds of Brodie who 
■WTote an interesting Diary, 1652-80, which 
was carried on by his son down to 1685. It 
has been printed for the Spalding Club, under 
the editorship of Dr. David Laing, of the 
Signet Library, Edinburgh. On reference to 
Dr. Laing's Preface, and to Spalding's History 
of the Trubles (i. 376), it will be found that 
the Laird of Brodie had such a share in the 
destruction of two oil paintings of the Cruci- 
fixion and of the Day of Judgment, and of 
some carved work in the cathedral of Elgin, 
as cannot be sympathised with in modern times. 

About sixty years ago, whUe the sexton was 
digging a grave, he came upon a carved stone 
which had formed a portion of the tomb of 
the old family of Ivinn.\ird of Culbin. It 
bears two shields, one initialed V. K., exhibits 
the Kinnaird and Innes coats, quarterly ; the 
other, initialed B. I., is charged with the Innes 
arms, and a crescent for a difference. Below 
are the following date and curious rhyme in 
interlaced Roman capitals : — • 
161.3. 

VALTER : KINNAIRD : ELIZABETH : 
INNES : THE : BVILDARS : OF : THIS : 

BED : OF : STANE : AR : LAIRD : Id : 

LADIE : OF : OOVBINB : QVHILK : 
TVA : AND : THAIRS : QVHANE : 
BRAITHE : IS : GANE : PLEIS : GOD : 

viL : SLBIP : THIS : bed : vithin : 
— In July 1571, the above-named persons had 
a nineteen years' lease of the teinds of Culbyu, 



Meretoun, and Leak, from the Bishop of 
Moray, for the yearly payment of £12 6s. 8d. 
(App. Reg. Morav.) Walter Kynnaird, whose 
daughter was probably the wife of Eraser of 
Braikie, in Forfarshire f^^'jyjm, 41), died about 
1626, as on 4th April of that year his son 
Alexander was served heir to his father in the 
lands of Culbin and others. The next printed 
retour (Aug. 15, 1677), shows that Thomas 
Kinnaird succeeded his father, AValter, in 
Culbin, and other properties, among which 
were the fishings and ferry coble on the Find- 
horn, and the " mansio capellre Sancti Niuiani 
infra parochiam de Diser" (? Dike). There 
was a chapel dedicated to S. Ninian, near 
Kincortli, where the name is stOl preserved in 
Niukin's Croft. The tenant of the farm of 
which the croft forms a part, is bound to pay 
to the kirk-session yearly the price of three old 
bolls of barley for behoof of the poor. 

Culbin was an ancient inheritance of the 
Morays of Duffus, Alexander of Moray being 
designed lord of Culbin in 1389 (Reg. Morav. 
354). The heiress, Egidia de Moravia, having 
married Thomas, son of Richard Kinnaird of 
that Ilk (ancestor of the Lords Kinnaird in 
Perthshire), brought Culbin to her hnsband 
about 1440. The property was bought from 
the Kinnairds by Alex. Duff of Drummuir, 
from the creditors of whose second son, John, 
Culbin and Easter ]\Ioy were acquired by 
Major George Grant about 1732. 

An enclosure (near the Moray obelisk) con- 
tains two marble slabs, thus inscribed : — 

THE BURIAL GROUND OF 

THE MACLEODS OF DALVEY. 

[2.] 
Sacred to the memory of Mart Mackintosh, 
the beloved wife of JEaeas Mackintosh, who 
died 3d Nov., 1848. 

— Grangehill, the name of which was changed 
to Dalveij by Su: Alex. Grant, of the Durria 



DYKE. 



53 



family, who bouglit the property about 1749, 
was acquired by an ancestor of the late Mr. 
Macleod, about 17 — . As a whole, it is pos- 
sibly one of the loveliest of the many lovely 
spots in Morayshire, and the gardens, which 
contained a number of rare and valuable plants, 
were much visited by tourists and others 
during the time of the late proprietor, who 
died in 1876. At Grangehill, the Prior of 
Pluscardine had a grange, and a cell of monks 
who cultivated the land. 

From a plain headstone to the east of the 
Brodie vault : — 

THE BURIAL PLACE OF 

THE ALLANS, 

LATE OF MUIRHALL, BRODIE. 

— " The Allans" were a farmer famil}', and a 
daughter married the Rev. Dr. David Brichan, 
minister of Dyke, " an accomplished scholar 
and elegant writer/' who died in 1814. A son, 
James Brodie Brichan, who adhered to the 
Free Church, and died of pleurisy at Edin- 
burgh, 17th March, 1864, at the age of 54, 
was an industrious and trustworthy literary 
antiquary. He assisted the late Professor 
Cosmo Innes in the compilation of some of 
his valuable works, and was sole author of 
the last, and of a considerable portion of the 
first, volume of Ovigines Parochicdes Scotue, 
which is perhaps one of the most valuable of 
the many important works printed for the 
Bannatyne Cluli. This great work is unfortu- 
nately uufinisheil ; the portion issued embraces 
(vol. i.) the Dioceses of Glasgow ; (vol. ii. 
part 1.) Argyle and the Isles ; (part 2) Eoss, 
Caithness, Argyle, and the Isles. 

A death's head and crossed bones are rudely 
carved upon the stone which bears this brief 
record : — 

ROBERT COWIE, 
CHRISTIAN MAWER, 1682. 

The next three inscriptions are from table- 
stones : — 



Placed here at the request of John Clunes, of 
the parLsh of St. Mary, County of Middlesex, 
and Island of Jamaica, in commemoration of the 
remains of his beloved parents, James Clunes 
and Jean Mackintosh, the former bom in the 
year 1730, died in the year 1802, the letter born 
in the yeai- 1749, died iu the year 1811. 

[2.] 
Mart William, wf. of D. Christie, d. 1784, a. 23 : 
Well did she act the different scenes of life ; 
A modest vu-gin, and a loving wife ; 
A darling daughter, and a mother kind ; 
A pleasant neighbour, and a constant friend ; 
By all who knew her worth, she liv'd belov'd, 
And all with sorrow for her death was mov'd. 

[3.] 
William Falconer, and his wf. Janet 
Gavin, " who once possessed the large farms of 
Grange Green." Erected in 1805 by the late 
Robert Falconer, teacher of languages, New- 
castle : — 

When resurrection's hour shall come, 

And Death itself shall die ; 
The Lord will take his servant home, 
To endless life and joy. 

From a headstone : — 

Sacred to the memory of James M'Kenzie 
and Sophia Bower, his wife : — 
When thousands of wintere pass over my head 

111 this house that is cold and dreary ; 
With me the Worldling is confiu'd. 

But with me there is rest for the weary. 
By Jas. M'Kenzie, his son, State of Ohio, N.A. 

The Parish Kirk and Public School stand 
at the village of Dyke. Near the manse is 
a Female School, into the gable of which two 
triangular-shaped slabs are buUt, with these 
inscriptions : — 

Erected fur Education of Youth of tlie Female 
Sex, m piety and virtue, by Brodie of tliat Ilk, 
1701. 

— This refers to a donation which was made 
by James Brodie, who wrote a continuation of 
his father's Diarj', in which he gives some 
quaint notices of himself and his backslidings. 
When fined £24,000 Scots for refusing the 
Test Act, he consoles himself by remarking — 



54 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



" the world has bein my idol, & the love of it 
and covetousness, the root of much evil," 
adding, " and the Lord justlie may punish in 
this." 

Mr. Brodie, as noticed below, was assisted 
by a legal " freind," in the material point of 
augmenting the teacher's salary : — • 

[2.] 
Bestowed for Salary by lohn Anderson, 
writer, our kiudlie freind, the rent of two thou- 
sand merks yearly, 1701. 

Another benefactor to the parish was Henry 
Vass, who died in 1 757. He was some time 
in the service of Major Grant of Culbin, and 
left the interest of £100 to assist in clothing 
twelve indigent children in Dyke, as recorded 
upon his tombstone at Elgin. 

The Muckle Burn, which runs through the 
parish of Dyke, and falls into the Findhorn, 
is bridged at Dalvey, and at the railway 
station of Brodie. A handsome suspension 
bridge, which cost about £7000, crosses the 
Findhorn on the Inverness turnpike, and 
bears these inscriptions : — 

The Stone Bridge erected here in 1800, having 
been swept away by the Flood of the 4th August, 
1829, the Suspension Bridge was built 1832. 
Founded 1st March, 1832. 

[2.] 
Erected under Act of Parliament, by the Sub- 
scription of the Inhabitants of Forres and its 
Vicinity. Samuel Brown, Commander, Royal 
Navy, Engineer. Opened 30th May, 1832. 
[Ins. coDipd. by Mr. Paxton, schoolmr.] 

.WVW\WWV\\\V\V*%VSV%\\VV\\NVNVWW\VS%\VSNVV\S 

(?S. FERGUS, BISHOP AND CONFESSOR.) 

nnrOY and DALAEASSIE (says Shaw) 
OfVX aj.g united parishes. The latter is prob- 
ably the church of " Dalgergussyn in Strath- 
erne," which Bishop Andrew confirmed to the 



church of the Holy Trinity of Elgin, about 
1224-42 (Reg. Morav., 71). It stood near 
]\Ioy, and under the name of Tallaracie, it 
appears as one of the mensal churches (ibid., 
xix.) Shaw says that the name means DaU- 
Fergusie, or Fergus's Valley ; and if so, the 
kirk had probably been dedicated to S. 
Fergus. 

The teinds of the parish of Moy were con- 
firmed to the church by the Pope in 1222, and 
the church " de Moy" (Theiner) is rated at 
8s. 9d. in the Taxation of 1275. In the 
Taxation of the diocese, about 1350, the pre- 
bend of Moy is rated at 10 merks. In 1574, 
George Simson was " reidare at Moy," and the 
minister bore the same surname. 

IMr. Simson's predecessor in the kirk of 
Moy was Sir AVilliam Sutherland {Sir being a 
title of courtesy for churchmen in old times) ; 
but Sutherland's profession and practice of 
morality seem to have had little in common ; 
for he not only " disobeyit" the charge of the 
Commissioner of the Church who had ordered 
him " to marie the woman" with whom he 
had been cohabiting ; but, " in despyte of the 
said Commissioner [he had] ryven his letters 
of charge thereto." In consequence of disre- 
spect to his brethren, and his non-appearance 
at the bar of the Assembly, he was, in 1564, 
deprived of all ecclesiastical functions by the 
General Assembly (Booke of Univ. Kirke, 51). 

As before shewn, the churches of Dyke and 
Moy were united in 1618. The latter stood 
near the north-west corner of the burial-ground, 
and in the vicinity of Moy Hall. The grave- 
yard is surrounded by fine specimens of 
ash and plane trees. Some tombstones lie 
upon the site of the kirk, also the nicely- 
dressed top of a lancet window, which had 
probably belonged to the old church. One of 
two slabs, which exhibits the Campbell and 
Morison arms impaled, is initialed jVI. I. C. : 
I. M., and the other (broken in two pieces) 



MOT. 



55 



bears the Campbell and Barclay arms, also the 
initials, M. I. C. : E. B. 

These stones had probably been upon the 
burial aisle of the Campbells, who were lairds 
of Moy. Both slabs belong to the 17th cen- 
tury, and may refer to John Campbell, sheriff- 
clerk of Aberdeen, and his grandfather, to the 
latter of whom the former was served heir " in 
the Eister tua parcialls of land callit the Kirk- 
lands of xMoy," &c., April 27, 1654. On 9th 
August, 1684, " Mr. Jo. Campbel of Moy 
and his wiflfe were heir [at Brodie], and his 
good-son, and daughter" (Brodie's Diary, 495). 
The Cawdor family were the first of the Camp- 
bells of Moy; and, in 1527, Eobert Camp- 
bell in Moye is a witness to a bond betwixt 
Sir John Campbell of Cawdor and M'Intosh 
of Clanchattan (Thanes of Cawdor, 150). 

The property of Culbin, as before shewn, 
was bought from the family of Kinnaird by 
Alex. Duff of Drummuir, who gave it to his 
second son, John, whose first wife was ]\Iiss 
Gordon of Ellon. She died in 1728 ; and his 
second wife, Helen Gordon (a daughter of Sir 
James Gordon of Park) died in 1767. The 
following inscription (from a slab upon the 
site of the old kirk of Moy), probably refers 
to a daughter by the latter lady : — 

BELOW THIS STONE LYES THE BODY OF HELEN 
DUFF, DAUGHTER TO lOHN DUFF OF CUBIN, AND 
HELEN GORDON, HIS SPOUSE, WHO DEPARTED THIS 
LIFE THE 26 NOVEMBR 

— Mr. Baird of Auchmedden, in his very in- 
teresting Genealogical Memoirs of the Dufli's, 
says that " John Duff of Cowbin was a good, 
friendly, honest man, but unhappily fell into 
acquaintance with Mackay of Scoury and his 
Brother, from the Shire of Eoss, who did not 
indeed deserve the name of gentlemen. They 
got him engaged in a trade to jSTorth America, 
and," continues Baird, "the honest gentleman 
was in a few years ruined, and everybody was 
convinced he had been egregiously imposed 
upon by the Mackfiys." 



The following inscription preserves the 
name of a laird of GrangehiU (now Dalvey), 
which is not given in the History of the 
Inneses : — 

HERE LYES A GODLY AND MOST CHARITABLE 
WOMAN, AGNIS INNES, DAVGHTER TO THE LAIRD OF 
GRAN6HIL, MARRIED TO PRTER DVNBAR OF EASTER 
BN, AND FOVR OF THER CHILDREN, THERAFTER TO 
M. ROBERT DVNBAR AND FOVR OF THER CHILDREN. 
REV. 14, 13, BLESSED ARE THE DEAD THAT DIE IN 
THE LORD, THEY REST FROM THER L.VBOVRS AND 
THER WORKS FOLLOW THEM. AND ALSO THE FOR- 
SAID M. ROBERT DVNBAR. 1707. 

— Peter Dunbar was served heir to his father, 
John Dunbar of Binns (17 June, 1693), in 
part of the lands of Nether and Upper Binns, 
&c. It was about 1608 that Mark Dunbar of 
Durris bought GrangehiU from Lord Dunferm- 
line, who was Commendator of the Abbey of 
Pluscardine, of which the Dunbars of Durris 
were heritable bailies (Mr. A. H. Dunbar, in 
The Grey Friar, i. 200). 
From a flat slab : — 

Tliis stone is placed here in memory of Robert 
Rait, bm-ges of Forres, 1728, who died Nove. 
the 9th, 175-, aged 70, and Elizabeth Sinclair, 
liis spouse, for a day in courts is better than a 
thousand. I had rather be a doorkeeper in the 
house of the Lord my God than to duell in the 
tents of wickedness. Memento mori. 

The next three inscriptions are from table- 
shaped stones : — 

Erected by Susanna Blaik, relict of Robert 
Bluntach, an elder of Dyke Session, in memory 
of her lamented husband, and affectionate 
mother, Jean Walker, of Pitsligo parish, both 
lieir buried under this stone, both aged 81 vears. 
John's Gos. XV. Ps. 103. 

[2.] 

This stone is placed here in memory of Peter 
CoupER in Kiutessack, and his spouse Marjory 
Gordon, as also their chUchen, Margaret & 
Iean, who dyed in infancy. Marjory Gordon 
dyed the 26 of May 1732, and Peter Couper dyed 
the 14 of April 1737. G. C. : I. F. [Blessed are 
tlie dead, c&c] 

[3.] 

This stone is erected here by Wra. M'Kay, 
merchant, Nairn, in memory of his grand father, 



56 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



John, and his fathei-, Alexr. M'Kay, who died 
Agust the 21st, 1780, aged 31 years ; as also 
William M'Kay, his uncle, who left few such 
behind him, who died Feb. 3, 1799, aged 61 
years, honoured in his humble station, to be emi- 
nently useful. His praise was in the Gospel. 
His reward is with his God. 

The followiug is the oldest of several in- 
scriptions to a family named Suter : — 

This stone is placed here by Alexr. Suter, far- 
mer in Marcasie, and Ann Squer, spouse to the 
said Alexr. Suter, and in memory of John Suter, 
his father, some time tenuant in Earnhill, who 
died Dec. 30, 1757, aged 47 years, and Mary 
Dunbar, his spouse. 

— These were ancestors of j\Ir. Suter, who ren- 
dered so much valuable assistance to the cot- 
tagers in and about the Broom of jNIoy, on the 
occasion of the great floods in August 1829, 
as told by Sir T. Dick Lauder in his Account 
of the Floods of jMoray, &c. 



The cliief object of antiquarian interest in 
the united parishe,s is probably the sculptured 
stone which was found by the workmen eni- 
l^loyed in digging the foundations of the pre- 
sent parish church of Dyke. It exhibits what 
are known as the spectacle and elephant 
figures, also a curiously interlaced cross and 
other carvings. It stands within the Park of 
Brodie Castle, and is engraved in the Sculp- 
tured Stones of Scotland (i., pi. xxii). 

The old Hall at Darnaway, which is said 
to have been built by Eandulph, Earl of 
Moray, who died in 1332, and in which his 
table and arm chair, both of oak, are still 
shown (!), is, although modernised, an object 
of considerable interest, as is likewise the 
Castle of Brodie. 

The Castle of Darnaway, of which lian- 
dulph's Hall forms a wing, has been frequently 
added to and altered. It has a commanding 
site upon the skirts of the great forest of Tctf- 
neu-ay, out of which, in 1228, the king gave 
the Bishop of Moray a half davach of land 



(Eeg. Ep. Morav., 21). Darnaway Castle is a 
residence of the Earls of Mora)% and in it are 
some interesting old pictures, &c. 

When on his annual pilgrimage to the 
shrine of S. Duthoc at Tain, King James IV. 
was in the habit of passing a short time at 
Darnaway. In 1.504 the sum of 7s. was paid 
by the Lord High Treasurer " for tursing" or 
conveying the King's " doggis to Dernway ;" 
20s. were also given " to the king to play at 
the cartis," and 3s. " for rushes" to cover or 
strew the floor of "the kingis chalmer." In the 
following year " the nuris of Dernway" re- 
ceived a gratuity of 18s. ; and 14s. were paid 
to " the maddins thai dansit" before the king, 
other sums having been disbursed for " sick- 
like," both at Forres and at Elgin (Stuart's 
Isle of May). 

The oldest part of Brodie Castle belongs to 
the seventeenth century. It is approaclied 
from the public road by an avenue of fine old 
trees ; but, like Darnaway and many more of 
our baronial edifices, it has been altered and 
enlarged to suit the requirements of different 
lairds. The ceiling of the dining-room is 
covered with pargiter work in stucco, similar 
to Glamis and Craigievar ; and there is also a 
good collection of paintings. In Pinkerton's 
Scottish Gallery (Loud. 1799) is a portrait of 
" Alexander Brodius," which, oddly enough, 
is described as that of Mark Alexander Boyd, 
author of Latin poems, &c., and who is said 
to have died in 1601. But the print, although 
said to have been engraved in 1596, bears all 
the peculiarities of a work of the 18th century. 
It is just possible that, on enquiry, tliis por- 
trait may be found to represent one of the 
Brodies of that Ilk, probably the Lyon-King, 
wlio died in 1754 {ftiqjni, 50-1). 

To the west of Brodie is the Hardmuir, or 
" the blasted heath," celebrated in Shake- 
speare's tragedy of jNIacbeth ; and a pine cov- 
ered knoll is pointed out as the place where 



RAT HEN. 



57 



the Thane of Glamis met the weird sisters 
when on his way to Forres. 

The scenery of the Findhorn, on the south, 
and the sand hills of Culbin on the north, 
possess much interest for students both of 
nature and art. The former has afforded 
materials both for the pen and the pencil, 
and the history of the latter has been often 
given. It need only be here briefly said, 
in regard to Culbin, that what was at one 
time a fertile, inhabited, and corn producing 
district, has been rendered, by excessive sand 
drifts, an uninhabitable and unproductive 
waste. 

In 1695, when Alex. Kinnaird, laird of 
Culbin, presented a petition to Parliament, 
cravuig to be relieved from paying cess upon 
the destroyed portion of his property, he stated 
that "the best two parts" of his estate were 
ruined, and " that there was not a vestige to 
be seen of his manner place of Culbin, yairds, 
orchyairds, and mains therof; and which, 
within these twenty years, were as consider- 
able as many in the Countrey of Morray." 
He further says that " the small remander of 
his Estate which yet remained uncovered was 
exposed to the like hazard, and the Sand daily 
gaining ground thereon, wherethrough he was 
like to run the hazard of loseing the whole" 
(Acta Pari., ix. 479). 

Geologists would now-a-days account for 
this " unevitable fatality," as the laird calls it, 
in a very different way from that in which it 
used to be explained in old times. The 
catastrophe was then said to have been 
" mainly occasioned by the pulling up by the 
Eoot of Bent, Juniper, and Broom bushes, 
which did loose and weak the surface and 
scrooffe" of sandhills ; and, under this belief, 
an Act was passed by Parliament prohibit- 
ing the practice of pidling bents in future, 
under heavy fines and penalties (lb., 452). 

" This stranae inundation" was in motion 



in Pennant's time (1769), and traces of the 
old inhabitants of Culbin are being found even 
at the present time, some interesting relics 
having been discovered so late as 1875. 

The hamlet of the Broom of Moy (? Maijh, 
a plain), which was devastated by the floods 
of 1829, consists of some picturesque dwell- 
ings, and is the landing place for one of " the 
ferry cobles" on the Findhorn. 

The parish is interspersed with pretty 
hedgerows and fine old trees, particularly in the 
neighbourhood of the Kirkto^vn of Dyke, 
where, as in many other parts of the district, 
the cottages exhibit much of the flower-loving 
spirit of the late laird of Dalvey. The villages 
of Ivintessaoh and Whitemires are less popu- 
lous than the Kirktown of Dyke ; and near 
the former is a Free Church. 

{S. ETHERNAN, BISHOP.) 

THE church of Rcdhyn, rated at 24 merks 
in the Old Taxation, was given by Mar- 
jory, Countess of Buchan, to the Abbey of 
Arbroath. The benefice was granted by 
Eobert I. to the college and canons of Old 
Machar, in the year 1328. 

In 1574, the kirks of Deer, Fetterangus, 
and Kathen, were all served by Gilbert Cliis- 
holm ; and John Scott was the contemporary 
reader at Eathen. 

In 1597, the revenues of the churches of 
Eathen, Philorth, Tyrie, and Crimond, were ap- 
pomted for the maintenance of a University, 
which was proposed to be founded at Fraser- 
burgh by Sir Alexander Eraser, by charter 
from James VI. (Acta Pari., iv. 147). A 
place in Fraserburgh is still called " College 
Bounds." 

The old kirk of Eathen was unroofed and 



58 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



made a ruiu in 1870, a new edifice with a 
spire Laving been previously erected in a field 
to the eastward of the old site. It consisted 
of a nave with an aisle on the south. The 
aisle belonged to the Erasers of Memsie, and 
is dated 1646. It contains a recess or awm- 
bry, also two shields. One of the shields is 
charged with the Barclay arms, and the other, 
which is initialed S. A. F. : E. M., bears the 
Fraser arms. A sun-dial upon the aisle is 
dated 162.5. 

Two freestone monuments within the aisle 
are respectively inscribed as follow : — 

HERE LTES CHRISTAN FRASER, DAUGHTER TO 
THE LAIRD OF PHILORTH AND LADT FEDDERAT, 
AND GRANDMOTHER TO ALEXANDER CRAUFURD OF 
RATHEN, AND ERECTER OF THIS VAULT. 

— This lady was a daughter of Alex. Fraser, 
7th of Philorth, who died in 1569, and his 
wife Katherine Menzies. Fraser bought 
Mickle Crichie from George Craufurd of 
Fedderat, about 1552-3, and settled it, in 1561, 
on his daughter Christian, when she married 
William Craufurd of Fedderat, who was 
nephew and heir of George Craufurd. Sir 
Alex. Fraser, 8th of Philorth, the founder of 
Fraserburgh (formerly called Faithlie), leased 
or feued, in the year 1613, a great portion of 
Eathen to Alexander Craufurd ; and in 1689, 
William Fraser, 11th Lord Saltoun, made an 
absolute sale of it to another Alex. Craufurd, 
probably a descendant of the first, and his 
wife Margaret. From an adjoining slab : — 

Erected by Miss Elizabeth Fraser to mark the 
Burial gi-ound of the Family of Memsie which 
extends 8 feet 10 inches from the arch within 
the aisle. The remains of her Father, Mother, 
and Aunt, are deposited in the following order 
from the arch. 1st, Mrs. Sarah Fraser of 
Memsie, died 3d April 1807, aged 74 ; 2d, Wil- 
liam Eraser, Esq. of Memsie, died 13th Sept. 
1813, aged 74 ; 3d, Mrs. Elizabeth Abernethy, 
died 23d Jan. 1816, aged 74. 

— Alex., eldest son of Sir Alex. Fraser, 3d of 
Philorth, had a gift of Memsie from his 



father in 1474, and was succeeded by his 
younger brother, James, in 1479. Although 
his descendants became extinct before 1606, 
Wm. Fraser of Memsie is described (1635) as 
the third lawful son of Mr. Michael Fraser, 
some time in Techmurie. It was about 1810 
that the late Lord Saltoun bought back 
Memsie from Mr. Wm. Fraser and his daugh- 
ter Elizabeth, afterwards Mrs. Dr. Leslie of 
Fraserburgh (Epitaphs, i. 55). 

A granite slab, also within the ruins, is thus 
inscribed : — 

Charles Gordon, Captain 92nd Highlanders, 
born October 20th, 1823, died May 17th, 1853. 

— This young officer, who married the only 
daughter of Mr. Wm. Innes of Eaemoir, was 
sixth .son of Mr. Gordon of Cairnbulg, by his 
wife, a daughter of the Baronet of Craig- 
ievar. Capt. Gordon's father, who was a 
half-brother of the late Mr. Gordon of EUon, 
is also buried at Eathen, where a granite cross 
bears this record of his death : — 

JOHN GORDON OF CAIRNBULG, 
DIED 18 SEPT., 1861, AGED 75. 

— Cairnbulg and Invernorth, which formed 
portions of the lordship of Philorth, were sold 
about 1615-16, to Alex. Fraser of Durris and 
his son Eobert, by Alexander, 8th of Philorth, 
who built the castle of Fraserburgh. They 
afterwards became the property of Andrew 
Fraser of Muchal, and since then have passed 
through various hands. The square tower of 
the castle of Cairnbulg, or the old manor 
house of Philorth, is so ancient that there is 
no record of its being budt, bat the remainder 
is supposed to have been erected by the 7th 
laird of Philorth. The lands and castle of 
Cairnbulg now belong to Mr. Duthie, ship- 
builder, Aberdeen, whose father was a native 
of Stonehaven. 

A flat slab, with a carving of the Eait 
arms, initialed A. E., was discovered when 
clearing out the nave of the old kirk in 1873. 



RAT HEN. 



59 



It bears the following inscription rudely in- 
cised along the margin of the stone : — ■ 

HEIR LTES ALEXANDER RAIT, ANE HONEST MAN, 
HVSBAND TOELSPET MTATj^TIO REMAINED SOMETTM 
IN CARNMVIR, AND DEPARTED FROM THIS LTEE TO 
LTFE ETERNAL ON 22 IVNE, 1656 TEARES. 

Six fragments of lettered stones, found at 
the same time, are built into the south win- 
dow of the jMemsie Aisle, viz. : — 

(1) ALEXANDER FRASER OF PHILORTH PATRON. 

(2) Exhibits the Fraser and Abernethy coats. 

(3) . . IN . . GO . . 15 A . (pai-t of a gravestone). 

(4) M. A. E. . . 

(5) 1633. 

(6) M. W. D. 

— (4) refers to Mr. Alexander Eoss, who was 
maternal grandfather of the Eev. Alex. Keith 
of Cruden, author of " View of the Diocese of 
Aberdeen" (Epitaphs, i. 314), and the last 
two belong to the time of Mr. Wm. Davidson, 
who was minister at Eathen, 1603-57. It was 
during his incumbency (Gordon's Britain's Dis- 
temper, 63), that "diuerse dayes togither [there 
was] hard in the chui'ch a quiere of musicke," 
the mysterious nature of which excited the 
curiosity of the people of the neighbourhood ; 
and one day, Mr. D., " being much takin with 
the harmonie, went with diuerse of the parish- 
eners, in to the church, to try if there eyes 
could beare witnes to what their ears had hard ; 
but they ware no sooner entred when, lo, the 
musicke ceased with a long not, or stroke of a 
wloll de gamho ; and the sound came from 
ane vpper lofte where the people vsed to 
heare seruice, but they could sie nothing." 

The Memsie Aisle, which is about 35 feet 
long by 15 feet wide, is now used for the 
burial of heritors and certain parishioners. 
Miss Helenora Keith, who died at Ardma- 
cran, 5th July 1876, at the age of 90 years 
and 3 months, was buried there. She was the 
oldest residenter in the parish at the time, 
and claimed to be a descendant of the Earls 
Marischal, through the Keiths of Xorthfield. 



]Miss Keith's father, who waited upon Earl 
Marischal, at Potsdam, and was kindly enter- 
tained by his Lordship, afterwards received 
the following letter from the Earl, here printed 
from the original in the possession of INIr. 
Keith's great-grand-niece : — 

Potsdam, 30 May, 1773. 

The more I consider the reasons of prefering your 
being in the estate of Mr. Seton of Touch, I am the 
more confirmed in that opinion. Where cultivation 
is best practised, most is to be made in wast land. 
Mr. Seton is a worthy good man, my good Friend and 
relation. I know that from his natural inchnation to 
do good, and also on account of my recommendation, 
you will find in Mr. Seton Friendship and assistance. 
Do not neglect to apply to Mr. Seton of Touch, and 
let me know yom' circumstances from time to time, 
even if you should not hve in his lands. Wherever 
you are, I wish you happy. 

Marischall. 

Your desire to be near your old father and your 
sisters, to serve them is very commendable ; but you 
will be best able to serve them where you can have 
most profit. I therefore wish you in Appin. 

To Charles Keith, 

to shew to Mr. Seton of Touch. 

— Instead of going to Appin, Mr. Keith be- 
came tenant of Claystiles, in Eathen, and his 
daughter continued to manage the farm until 
within a few years of her death. 

The date of 1782, and the initials, L. A. S. 
(Lord Abernethy and Saltoim), are upon the 
belfry of the old kirk. The bell bears the 
founder's name and date : — 

PETEE • lANSEN • 1643. 
From a slab at south end of Memsie Aisle : — 

HERE LTES THE BODIE OF BARBARA COUPER, 
LAWFUL SPOUS TO ALEX. ANDERSON, SOMETIME IN 
CORTIEBRE, WHO DIED THE 13 OF MAY 1712, & THE 
70 OF HER AGE. 

7 OF ( [a shield qrly., ^ tr' 
CHIL 1 1 and 4, 3 stare ; I i 
LT "=( 2, a crescent ; ^-i 



/ 3, mason or I 

iiare] j 



DREN 
HERE 



MEMOR V carpenter's square] 1 lethe 
— Alex. Anderson was a tenant of the Earl 
INIarischal's and in Cortiebrae in 1696, when 
his wife and a daughter were both alive. 

Here lyes the body of Christen Forman, 
spous to Alex. Fraser in Westertouu of Fingask, 



60 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



who departed this life May 13, 1726, aged 45, 
also the said Alexr. Fraser, died 20th Janry. 
1767, aged 88. 
Wm. Eraser, Gash, d. 1764, a. 75 : — 
A Sacrifice to Time, Fate dooms us all, 
And at his Fiet, Poor Mortals Daily fall. 

Upon a tahle-stone : — 

In memory of Theodore Martin, sometime 
at Cairnbulg, afterwards at Cortes, who died on 
29th March, 1837, aged 72 years. 

— Mr. Martin was long a sheriff-officer of the 
shire of Aberdeen, also ground officer on the 
estate of Cairnbulg. His son, James, born 
at Cairnbulg in 1791, studied law in Edin- 
burgh, where he became an S.S.C.,and latterly, 
through the influence of Jlr., afterwards Lord 
Rutherford, he was appointed a Depute-clerk 
of the Court of Session. He died suddenly in 
1853, leaving several daughters and one son, 
Theodore, who practised for some years as an 
S.S.C. in his native city, and was also Secre- 
tary to the Abbotsford Club. He afterwards 
went to London as a parliamentary solicitor, 
where he married Miss Helen Faucit, the cele- 
brated actress, and has acquired literary fame 
for his translations into English verse of 
Horace, Catullus, &o., also as the biographer 
of the late Prince Consort. 

Erected by Jean Dickie to the memory of her 
husband, Alexander Urquhart, late farmer, 
South Tarwathie, who died at Cairns of Memsie, 
1st Dec, 1849, aged 93 years. The said Jean 
Dickie, died 28th April, 1857, aged 93. 

Wm. Watson, farmer, Whitewall, husband of 
Margt. Largue, d. 1757, a. 72 : — 

William Watson lys under this stone, 
Overcome by death that spareth none ; 
Take heed and read, and you shall see. 
As I am now so must you bee, 
Eotting in darke and silente dust : 
Prepare for death for die you must ; 
Life is uncertain, death is shure : 
Sin is ye wound — Christ is ye cure. 
Abridged : — 

William Murray, farmer, Eedhouse, husband 

of Barbara Smith, died 29th May, 1812, aged 52. 

" Their only son, Alexander Murray, M.D., 

physician in Aberdeen, one of the medical atten- 



dants of the Infirmai-y of that city, the author of 
the ' Northern Flora,' and of many valuable 
papers on medical subjects, was cut off by tyjihus 
fever in the midst of great promise of future 
excellence, on the 10th Feb., 1838, in the 39th 
year of his age." 

From a handsome granite slab : — 

In memory of Jane Morgan, who wa-s born 
in Dumbarton, May, 1810, and died at Fraser- 
burgh, 5th Aug., 1862. Also of her father, John 
Morgan, sergeant in the 74th Eegt., born at 
Loanhead, Cairnbulg, July, 1781. He fought at 
Assaye, Amednagm-, Angaum, Gile-Gur, San- 
door, Gulnah, Busaco, Fuentes, C.-Eodrigo, the 
Pyrenees, Orthes, and died at Invemorth, 22d 
Dec, 1822. [Jer., 50, 34.] 

Abridged from an adjoining tombstone : — 

James McKimmie, schoolmaster at Eathen, 
died 30th July, 1772, aged upwards of 64. Jean 
Fraser, his spouse, born 19th March, 1718, died 
8th Sept., 1808, in her 91st year. Christian 
McKimmie, their daughter, who resided nearly 
40 years in the village of Striehen, " the un- 
wearied friend of the poor and destitute," died 
5th Dec, 1832, aged 76. 

— According to Peter Buchan's Gleanings of 
Scarce Old Ballads (Peterhead, 1825), the 
Jacobite songs of Wherry, Whigs, awa' man, 
and Logic o' Buchan, were written by George 
Hacket, a predecessor of Mr. M'Kimmie's at 
ivathen. Buchan also says that Hacket wrote 
a dialogue betwixt George II. and the Devil, 
which gave so much offence that the Duke of 
Cumberland offered £100 of a reward for the 
person or the head of the author. 

The same authority states that Hacket was 
.schoolmaster of Eathen "in the years 1736 and 
7," and adds that he died at Memsie in 1756, 
and " was buried within the old churchyard at 
Fraserburgh, at the west end of the aisle." 

Buchan seems to have been misinformed as 
to the period of Hacket's incumbency, since 
instead of his being schoolmaster in 1736 and 
7, the Parochial Eecords show that he entered 
upon that office in 1714, and was deprived 
of it in 1725. Buchan also says he had two 
wives, but had no family by the fii-st, who 
was lost in a snow-storm. 



RAT HEN. 



Gl 



There were then several families of the 
name of Hacket, both in Eathcn and Fraser- 
burgh ; and the only record I have seen of 
the schoolmaster's marriage (after searching 
the registers of Fraserburgh, Tyrie, Crimond, 
Strichen, and Eathen) occurs in the last men- 
tioned register, where, under the date of 6th 
March, 1718, it is recorded that " George 
Hacket, schoolmaster at Eathen, and Jannet 
Adamson, daughter of Marion Crawford, in 
Eathen, were married, having been 3 several 
Lord's dayes publickly proclaimed in order 
thereunto." 

There were three children by this marriage 
— John, born in December 1718 ; Elizabeth, 
in February, 1721 ; and James, in September, 
1723. The parish minister, Mr. James An- 
derson, was a witness at the first and the last 
of the baptisms ; and the son James may have 
been named after him. I have found no trace 
of other children, nor seen any notice of a 
second marriage, or the burial of Hacket or his 
wife. The last entry which Hacket made in 
the Eathen register of baptisms is dated Oct. 
2-t, 172.5, and shoAvs a visible change from 
the fine round hand which he wrote at an 
earlier date. 

The only publication which I have seen of 

Hacket's, and it appears to be one of great 

rarity, is a brochure of 24 pp. 18mo, entitled, 

" Occasional Poems upon several Subjects, 

viz. — I. Advice to Youth ; 11. Good Friday ; 

III. Easter-day ; IV. A Pastoral, by George 

Hacket. Aberdeen : printed for the Author, 

1737." The Pastoral, in imitation of Virgil, 

Eel. v., is to the memory of the Eev. Mr. 

Alex. Moor of Fraserburgh ; and it would seem 

that, besides being a poet, Hacket was also a 

musician, a fact which is thus disclosed by his 

friend " Willie," in the course of dialogue : — 

" No Geordie, sure thy self is better far, 
Or Ritchie^ with none of you I'll compare ; 
When skilful Ritchie tunes his charming reeds, 
He equals Pan, that I say not exceecls." 



The surname of "Eitchie" is still common 
in and about Fraserburgh, but it would be as 
difficult to say whether tlie Eitchie spoken of 
was a poet, as it is to find any resemblance 
between the miserable, although scholarly, 
rhymes of which this pamphlet is composed, 
and the fine plaintive song of Logic o' Buchan 
or the vigour of Wherry Whigs. 

Although it appears very improbable, from 
the specimen of Hacket's authorship now before 
lis, that he wrote either of the songs referred 
to, a few facts connected with his history, as 
revealed in the parish records, may be interest- 
ing. As before mentioned, he entered upon 
the offices of schoolmaster and session-clerk, 
28th Nov., 1714 ; and, as was then customary, 
he was exhorted from the pulpit " to fidelity 
and diligence in the said offices." We know 
nothing of his capabilities as a teacher, but his 
domestic accommodation appears to have been 
all along of a very sorry description ; and it 
was not until the time of his marriage, in 
1718, that the "schoolchamber" was par- 
titioned off from the school and made into a 
separate apartment. The fact of Hacket's 
marriage is not given as the reason for this 
improvement upon his house, it being quaintly 
attributed to the circumstance that " the bed" 
in the schoolchamber was so old as to be un- 
fit for use ; still, on being " taken down" it 
was not thrown away, but in those days of 
needful economy was made into a "middle 
wall betwixt the school and chamber ! " 

Although there is no mention of " the 
dominie" having received a new bed, we are 
told that he was allowed to have the privilege 
of receiving light into his dwelling, the sum 
of £7 10s. Scots being paid " for a glass win- 
dow [that was] put into the chamber," and 
which was only then lighted up, and separa- 
ted from the school by the boards of the " old 
bed." 

It must have been partly owing to Hacket's 



62 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



miserable surroundings — for the surroundings 
of a man have very much, if not everything, 
to do with the formation of his character and 
habits — that led him to forget himself so far 
that " his faults and gross miscarriages" had 
to be dealt with by the Kirk-session. This 
occurred on 19th Sept., 1725, when (as the 
minute quaintly hears) notwithstanding of 
" many warnings, he hath come to that hight of 
impudence as to deny all the faults he stands 
"uilty of, and will not be convinced or made 
sensible of his miscarriages, and he having 
relapsed again and again, and no reformatione 
of heart or of ways to be found in him, it is 
the judgement of the W- and sessione of 
Eathen that the said George Hacket be laid 
aside from officiating as schoolmaster or pre- 
centor." The Presbytery having sanctioned 
Hacket's dismissal, the session, on 24th Oct. 
following, elected as his successor Mr. Alex. 
Gairdeii, " a sober and discreet young man, 
and one capable to teach the youth in the 
said parish, or any other place where Provi- 
dence may order him." 
The next four inscriptions are abridged : — 

Alex. Nicol, farmer, Carduo, Fraserburgh, 
died 1804, aged 81 ; liis daughter Elizabeth, 
died 1769, aged 13 ; his spouse Helen Law, 
died 1807, aged 81 ; and their daughter Helen, 
died 1827, aged 61. Their son, Alexander, 
died 1831, aged 71 : and another son, James, 
feuar in Mormond Village, Strichen, died 1840, 
a^ed 76, the latter of whom, as recorded upon 
his gravestone, " in the spirit of good will to 
man, bequeathed the whole of his property to 
Trustees for the purpose of establishing a Free 
School in the Village of Mormond, for the teach- 
ing of poor children the elementary branches 
of education. Receive my instruction and not 
silver, and knowledge rather than choice gold." 

Rev. Wm. CnMiNE, late minister of Rathen, 
died 8th Feb. 1800, in the 80th year of his age, 
and 38th of his ministry. Erected by his widow, 
Elizabetli Leslie. 

[3.] 

Rev. Wm. Cock, born at the Manse of Keith- 



hall, 1st November, 1757, ordained minister at 
Culsalmond, 18th June, 1795,admitted to Rathen, 
6th May, 1801, died 1st July, 1848. 

[4.] 
George Watson, wine merchant, Calcutta 
(son of the late John Watson, farmer at CauTihiU, 
St. Fergus), died at sea, on his journey from 
India, 30th June, 1828, aged 41. William 
Watson, his eldest son, wine merchant, Calcutta, 
died 10th April, 1856, aged 38 ; also his son 
John Cock, assistant-surgeon, H.E.I.C.S., died 
27th Jan., 1857, aged 34. His remains are in- 
terred here. 

— The first-named on the gravestone married 
a daughter of the late Eev. Mr. Cook of 
Eathen, by whom he had, with other children, 
Mr. J. P. Watson, a merchant in London, and 
proprietor of Blackford, in Auchterless, and 
a daughter, who married Mr. WiUiani Neish, 
of Tannadice, in Forfarshire. 



Eathen appears to have been an early seat 
of Christianity. Besides a solitary den, on the 
east side of Mormond Hill, called Eddren's 
Slaclc, where S. Ethernan is said to have 
lived as a hermit, a hillock and well, about 
half a mile from the church, bear the name 
of S. Oyne, or S. Eten", where possibly there 
had been a chapel dedicated to that saint. 
But S. Ethernan was held in highest esteem 
at Eathen ; and Alexander Comyn, who, by 
marriage, came to possess the lauds of the old 
Mormaers of Buchan, kept up the reverence 
for S. Ethernan in his southern domains, as 
we find him making a grant to the monks of 
May for the lights of S. Ethernan's Chapel on 
that island (Stuart's Isle of May). 

Eathen belonged to the Comyns, Earls of 
Bucban, down to their forfeiture in 1308. It 
was a portion of the lordship of Aberdour, 
which had come into the possession of the 
Douglas family by the marriage of Archibald, 
3rd Earl of Douglas, to Jean or Joanna, 
daughter and heiress of Sir Thomas Murray of 



LUND IE. 



63 



Bothwell (Epitaphs, i. 58). The third Earl 
granted 80 merks' worth of land in Aberdour 
to Sir Alex. Eraser of Cowie and Durris, the 
first Eraser of Philorth. Eathen was probably 
included in this grant, since, in 1 430, Eathen, 
Cuburty, Memsie, and Over and Nether Pit- 
tullie, the Earl's gift of these was confirmed to 
Sir William Eraser, 2nd of Philorth, by Sir 
James, second son of the 3rd Earl of Douglas. 

Besides the ruins of Cairnbulg Castle, be- 
fore noticed, those of Inverallochy form a 
striking object in the district. Cumins were 
designed of Inverallochy from a remote period, 
and one of them, Alexander, who married a 
daughter of the 7th laird of Philorth, sold the 
estate to his uncle. Sir Alexander, 8th of 
Philorth, about 1588-92. Sir Alexander re- 
sold it in 1615-16, to Simon, Lord Lovat, 
from whom, through a female, it came to the 
present proprietor, Col. Mackenzie-Eraser of 
Castle Eraser. 

The ruins of Inverallochy Castle show traces 
of considerable antiquity ; and, according to 
tradition, the lands were given by the Earl of 
Buchan to a namesake of his own, who buUt 
the Abbey of Deer, in confirmation of which 
apocryphal story, it is alleged that a slab over 
the door of the castle was embellished with 
the Cumin arms and this legend : — 

" I, Jordan Cumin, indweller here, 
Gat this house and land 
For biggin' the Abbey o' Deer." 

The " Three Cairns of Memsie," a portion 
of one of which only remains, were entire in 
and long subsequent to 1722. They are 
locally said to have been raised over the re- 
mains of some of the great men who fell at 
Cruden, in a battle which, as related by 
Boethius and others, took place there between 
the Danes and Scots in the time of Malcolm 
III. The Cairns, which contained urns and 
calcined bones, and possibly belong to a much 
more remote period than here stated, were 



removed and used for building dykes and 
drains. 

Upon the Trefor Hill, to the north of the 
old kirk of Eathen, walls and trenches, com- 
posed of earth and stones, were visible until 
within these few years. The mound, which 
is upon the south side of the river of Philorth, 
was probably formed by the action of water, 
and from its natural advantages, had possibly 
been used as a fort or rath, hence probably 
the origin of the name of the district — Rath- 
aan, or Rath-aven, " the river fort." 

Inverallocluj and Cairnbuhj are the princi- 
pal villages in Eathen, and a quoad sacra 
parish was lately erected under the former 
name. It contains about two-thirds of the 
population of the whole parish. The inhabi- 
tants of both villages are engaged in deep sea 
fishing. 

[lus. compd. by Mr. Murray, farmer, Redhouse.] 

2.unti te* 

(S. LAURENCE, MARTYR.) 

TATALTEE of LUNDIN gave the Prior 
" " and Canons of St. Andrews, some time 
before 1203, twenty acres of land and a toft, 
which were tenanted by Gillemure, and situ- 
ated near to the Lake of Lundin (Eeg. Prior. 
S. And.) 

The church and chapel of Lundij were in 
the diocese of St. Andrews, and are rated at 
24: merks in the Old Taxation. The church 
of Lundie and four others were served by one 
clergyman in 1574, and George Cochrane was 
reader at Lundie. 

The church, which is an old building, stands 
upon a rising ground at the Kirktown — one 
of the most picturesque dadians in the dis- 
trict — where Laurence Fair was held in old 
times. The parishes of Lundie and Eowlis- 



64 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



Easter were united in 1618. The manse is at 
Liindie, and tliere is sermon at both places on 
Sundays. The former parish is situated in 
Forfarshire, and the latter in Perthshire. 

Tradition says that the kirk beU of Lundie 
belonged to one of Admiral Duncan's ships, a 
story which neither the name of the founder 
nor the date of the bell tends in any way to 
favour. It is thus inscribed : — 

MICHAEL . BVRGERHVYS . ME . FECIT .1617. 

The burial-place of the Duncans of Lundie 
is at the east end of the kirk, and over the 
entrance to a mausoleum is this inscription : — 

CCEMETERIVM . GVLIELMI . DVNCAlf . 

EQ : AVRAT : ET . BARONETTI . MEDICI . 

REGII . M.D.CC.LXXXIX. 

— Sir William, who was uncle to Admiral 
Duncan, attained to great professional emi- 
nence in London, and was physician to 
George II., by whom he was created " a 
Baronet of Great Britain," on 9th Aug., 1764, 
when he is designed " of Mary-le-bone, !Mid- 
dlesex. Doctor of Physic" (Scots Magazine). 
He married a daughter of the Earl of Thanet, 
and as he died without issue, his widow. Lady 
Mary Duncan or Tufton, left a considerable 
fortune and many articles of vertu, plate, &c., 
to the first Earl of Camperdown. 

The remains of Admiral Duncan lie within 
an adjoining enclosure, where a lozenge-shaped 
marble slab bears this inscription : — 

ADAM, FIRST VI.SCOUNT DU.N'CAN, 

ADMIRAL OF THE WHITE SQUADROK OF 

IIS MAJESTY KING GEORGE THE THIRd's FLEET, 

BORN 14th JULY, 1731, AND 

DIED 4th august, 1804. 
— Lord Adam Duncan, who was born in 
Dundee, was the second son of Alex. Duncan 
of Lundie, by the daughter of John Haldane of 
Gleneagles, who was M.P. for Perthshire, and 
who signed the Treaty of Union. Admiral 
Duncan's eldest brother, iUexander, was a dis- 
tinguished officer in the army during the 



American War, and attained to the rank of 
Lieutenant-Colonel. He married Miss Smythe 
of Methven, and dying at Lundie, 31st August, 
1796, without issue, was succeeded by his 
brother, the distinguished Admiral, the history 
of whose bravery is so familiar to all, and so 
much mixed up with the history of Great 
Britain, that it need not be adverted to here. 
The contemporary poet laureate, Mr. H. J. Pye, 
pays the following tribute in his poem of 
Naucratia, or Xaval Dominion (2d ed., p. 73), 
both to Duncan and to his native country : — 

" The delegated sons of Britain's choice 
In his applauses speak a people's voice ; 
And while from Caledonia's northern skies — • 
Prolific parent of the brave and wise — 
Bursts the full strain in patriot ardour loud 
Of such a son, with honest vaunting proud, 
England asserts her share of Duncan's fame, 
And claims the hero in Britannia's name." 

Admiral Duncan married a daughter of 
Lord President Dundas of Arniston, and was 
succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Egbert, 
afterwards Earl of Camperdown, who died in 
1859, aged 75. His eldest son, who held im- 
portant offices in Her Majesty's Government, 
became the second Earl, and it was chiefly 
through his perseverance, while an M.P., that 
the "window tax" was repealed. His lord- 
ship died in 1867, leaving two sons and one 
daughter. The eldest son, who has greatly 
improved his paternal estate by draining and 
building, &c., was a Lord of the Admiralty in 
1870, and has been employed in several im- 
portant inquuies regarding the state of the 
Civil Service, &c. 

The first of the Duncans of Lundie was a 
prosperous merchant of Dundee, who bought 
the estate of Seaside, in the Carse of Gowrie, 
about 1662. He also purchased, from the 
Argyll family, the barony of Lundie, which 
belonged at one time to the Lords of LUe, and 
afterwards to Lord Kintyre, brother of the 
Earl of Argyll. 

Mr. Duncan's eldest son married Ann, 



LUNDIE. 



65 



daughter of Drummond of Meggincli. Their 
residence was at Lundie, where there are two 
slabs, one of which built into the mill of 
Lundie, is initialed, A.D. ; A.D., and dated 
1677, and the other at the site of the old 
castle, is dated 1682. This laird and his lady 
were buried in the Hoioff, at Dundee, where 
a handsome mural monument (fast going to 
deca)') bears this inscription to their memory : — 

Humo adjaceuti conditur quod morti conees- 
serunt Alexander Duncan de Lundie, qui 
fato functus est Aprilis die, a. JR. C. 

MD.C.XCVL iet. XLIV ; ejusq' dilecta coujux, 
Anna Lbummond, unica filia M" Joanuis Drum- 
mond lie Meggiush, quie decessit Aprilis die 
MD.C'.XCIII, aet. XLII,necnou eorundem liberi, 

GULIELMUS PaTRICIUS, CHRISTIANA, & AnNA 

quibus parentes sujjerstites eraut ; item, alter 
GuLiELMUs, qui matri, non vero patri supervixit ; 
et Joannes filius, natu secundus, qui mortem 
obijt, Julij die MD.CXGVI, aet. XX. Mau- 
soleum extruendnni curavit M' Alex' Duncan 
de Lundie, a. ^-E. C. 1718. 

[In the adjacent ground are laid the mortal 
remains of Alexander Duncan of Luudie, who 
departed this life on the of April 1696, 

aged 44 ; and of his beloved wife Ann Drum- 
mond, only daughter of Mr. John Drummond of 
Meggiush, wlio died ou the of Ajiril, 1693, 

aged 42 ; also of their chilth-en, William, Pat- 
rick, Christian, and Ann, who predeceased 
their parents ; a second Willi.\m, who survived 
his mother, but not his father, and John, their 
second son, who died on the of July, 1696, 

aged 20. Mr. Alexander Duncan of Lundie 
caused this mausoleum to be erected in the year 
1718.] 

— Besides the erector of this monument, Mr. 
and Mrs. Duncan left a daughter, Jean, who 
married John Scrj'msour of Kirkton, ancestor 
of the Scrymsours of Tealing. She survived 
her brother, who died at Lundie Castle, 2iid 
January, 1719, in his 42nd year, and while he 
held the office of Provost of Dundee. 

An interesting account of Provost Duncan's 
life is given in a scarce book entitled 
" An Apology for the Church of Scotland 
against the Accusations of Prelatists and 
Jacobites," &c. (Edinr., 1719), (he printing of 



which was not finished until after the death 
of Mr. Duncan, to whom it is inscribed by the 
author, J. W. In an " Advertisement" near 
the end of the book, it is said that Mr. Duncan 
" hath left a very opulent Fortune to his Son, 
who is a very promising Youth, about sixteen 
Years of Age." There is also an Elegy on the 
death of the Provost, in which these curious 
lines occur : — 

Ah ! blessed Man ! why wou'd thou chu.se to go, 
Till thou hadst left thy Match with us below ? 
Let me pursue, nor longer live to see. 
The Loss his Fate occasions to Dundee. 
The Helm of Pow^r he wisely managed there, 
An steer'd the shattr'd Ship with equal Care, 
True to his God, his Sonreign, and the Town, 
In all his Deeds acquir'd a just Renown : 
[Steadfast he rul'd, and ne'er his Measures broke, 
And like a Ilc-Goat went before th' observing Flock. 

— Provost Duncan of Dundee, who married 
Isabel, daughter of Sir Patrick Murray of 
Ochtertyre, Bart., left two sons, Alexander, his 
successor in Lundie, and Sir William, above- 
mentioned, the former of whom, as already 
stated, was the father of the celebrated Admiral. 

Another marble monument, within the 
Camperdown burial-place at Lundie, bears this 
inscription : — 

Sacred to the memory of James Haldane of 
Airthrey, Esq'., late Captain of the Duke of 
Albany, in the service of the United East India 
Company. He was an affectionate husband, an 
indulgent tender parent, a sincere friend, and a 
man of strict honor and integrity. His much 
afflicted Wife consecrated this stone iis a faint 
monument of his worth and her soitow. He died 
30th June 1768, aged 40 years, and is buried in 
the Isle of Alexander Duncan of liUndie, Esq'. 

— Captain Haldane, who was proprietor of 
Airthrey, near Stirling, married liis cousin, 
the eldest sister of Admiral Duncan, and was 
grandfather of Mr. Eobert Hiddane, of Cloan- 
den, W.S., Edinburgh, who has kindly sup- 
plied some particulars regarding the proprietory 
history of Lnndie and the family of Duncan. 
Mr. Haldane is heir male of the Hal- 
danes of Gleneagles, one of the oldest families 
in Scotland, his ancestor, Eoger de Haden, 



66 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



Laving had charters from King William of 
lands in Perthshire (Dalrymple's Coll., 392). 
These lands continued in the male line until 
the death of Captain Rohert Haldane of Glen- 
eagles and Airthrey, who left Airthrey to his 
nephew, the said Captain James Haldane, and 
Gleneagles to his niece, who married Duncan 
of Lnudie. 

Admiral Duncan's younger sister married 
Mr. Tait of Glasgow, by whom she had, he- 
sides other issue, a son, whose death is thus 
recorded upon a monument at Lundie : — 

To the memory of Adam Tait, Esquire, born 
at Glasgow, 17th September, 1765, and died at 
Camperdown, 28th March, 183.5. During a very 
long period he managed the estates of his relation, 
the Earl of Camperdown, at whose desire his 
remains are interred in the Family Aisle, and by 
his inflexible integrity and the sterling worth of 
his character, he acquired the respect and esteem 
of all who knew him. He was a Christiau not 
merely in name, for he had experienced the effi- 
cacy of the blood of Jesus in removing guilt, and 
was a partaker of that peace which can only be 
derived from the finished work and perfect 
righteousness of Him who is the Hope and 
Refuge of the ruined children of men. Also 
Helen Tait, his sister, born 13th March, 1773, 
and died 27th June, 1826. [Rev. v. 1st.] 

Upon the south side of the kirk is a flat 
slab, embellished with the Blair and [Ogilvy] 
arms in pale, flanked by the initials, D. B. K. 0. 
It also bears the following inscription, the first 
portion of which is in raised characters round 
the margin of the stone, and the latter incised 
upon the upper portion of the slab : — 

HEIR . LYIS . IAMES . AND . lAMES . COLINE . 
BLAIRS . SONS . TO . MR . DON . B. . SOMTIMB . 
MINISTER . AT . THIS . KIRK . & FOVLS . DPR . 47 . 

49 . 51. 

SVFER . THE . LITL . CHILDREN . TO . COM . VNTO 
. ME . AND . FORBID . THEM . NOT . FOR . OF . SVCH 
. IS . THE . KINGDOM . OF . HEAVEN . MARK . X. 
V. 14. 

— i\lr. Donald Blair, who was settled at 
Lundie in 1636, and died before 1660, was 
fifth son of Patrick Blair of Pittendriech 
(Scott's Fasti), thu-d son of Balthayoch, who 



married a daughter of Sir Lawrence Mercer of 
Aldie, and died in 1603 (Douglas' Baronage). 

The next inscription (the prefatory portion 
being abridged) is from a headstone near the 
above : — 

Rev. Thomas Raitt, miur. of Lundie and 
Fnwlis, d. 28 Nov. 1828, a. 83, and in 56th year 
of his ministry : — 

He was translated to Lundie from Dundee, in 
1806, where he had been minister of the Cow- 
gate Chapel since the spring of 1773. He was a 
man uncommonly regular and philosophical in 
his habits, and of uncommon worth and benevo- 
lence of character. Erected by his cousin Win. 
Portei-fiekl, St. Andrews. 

— Mr. Eaitt's predecessor, the Rev. Ajjdeew 
Halley, to whom also there is a monument, 
was minister of Lundie and Fowlis for up- 
ward« of 30 years, and died in 1795, aged 63. 
Mr. Raitt was succeeded by the Rev. Thomas 
Irvine, who died in 1874, in his 81st year, 
and the 53rd of his ministry. He was long 
blind and infirm, and, as recorded upon his 
tombstone, he died at the Manse of Kilcon- 
quhar, in Fife, where his son is now minister. 
From an obelisk on N. side of church : — 

To the memory of Andrew Rutherford, 
schoolmaster in Lundie, who died 4th May, 1841, 
in the 60th year of his age, and 27th of his in- 
cumbency. This monument, as a tribute of 
respect to his worth, is erected by a number of 
his grateful Pupils. 

— Mr. Rutherford was maternal uncle to the 
brothers Geekie of Baldowrie, Rosemount, and 
Balbrogie. He was succeeded by Mr. John 
Roy, who held the office of schoolmaster of 
Lundie until the introduction of the present 
system of National Education, and died 10th 
June, 1874, aged about 80. 
Alex. Bell, farmer, Pitendriech.d. 1736, a. 47 : — 

If virtue, will, and Piety, 

Could have Death's strokes withstood ; 

If tears of friends and children dear. 

And medicines done good ; 

This man may have lived long. 

But sure is the decree — 

AVhen Death doth knell its passing bell, 

Remembei' all must die. &c. 



LUND IE. 



67 



Wm. Don, slioemr. ; Isobel Brown, 17 — : — 

If good renown, and wisdom could have broke 
The strougeholds of deatli's most fatal stroke ; 
If these had liv'd au hundred years and more, 
Yea, to it now, we may add four scoar. 
But ounto all, both great and small. 
Death is apjjoiuted ever since the fall, 
So is it now that hear we see 
That so they could no longer be. 

A headstone near the west end of the church, 
dated 1746, bears to have been erected by 
Donald Eitchie, tailor, Nether Smitliston, 
Lundie, and his wife, Isobel Gibbons, in 
memory of a number of their children. It 
presents curious carvings, in relief. Upon the 
east side Abraham is represented offering up 
his son Isaac, and upon the west, are Adam 
and Eve at the forbidden tree. Below the 
latter is a shield, charged w'ith a pair of 
scissors and a tailor's goose. Another tomb- 
stone, evidently cut by the same hand, ex- 
hibits (upon a shield) a horse in a stable, with 
the groom shaking up the litter, and below 
are the coulter and sock of a plough. 



Tlie earliest recorded proprietor of Lundie 
is said to have been one of the De Lundins, 
who settled in Fife in the time of Malcolm 
IV. Alan the Dorward, or lIostiariiis—yf\io 
was the most famous of all the Lundins — died 
in 1275, and was buried at the Abbey of 
Cupar. He left three daughters, who carried 
his large estates, with his blood, into other 
families (Caledonia, i. 535). It was possibly 
in this way that Lundie came to the old Earls 
of Strathearn. It is certain that, after the 
decease of Jane, Countess of Strathearn, John 
lies (ancestor of the Lords of Lile) had a 
charter of the barony of Lundie in the time of 
David II. (Eob. Index). To the Liles, as be- 
fore noticed, succeeded the Campbells, for the 
slaughter of one of whom Sir David Lindsay 
of Edzell bad a remission in the year 1583 
(Pitcairn's Crim. Trials). 



The following rent roU, from a MS. at 
Panmure, dated 1633, relates to the time of 
the Campbells. It possesses some local in- 
terest, inasmuch as it not only gives the names 
of the farms of the period, which are still 
the same, though slightly different in spelling, 
but also shews — 

The Rentall off the Barronie off Lundie whereof the 
vittuall is half here half meill. 
The Maines payes 

yeerlie xl bolles...viij dussone poutrie. 

Pitermo Iviij holies. ..vj dussone poutrie. 

The Kirktoun xl holies... iiij dussone poutrie. 

The Milne xl holies... xij capones and a 

milne s%vyne. 

Bashando xlviij bolles...viij dussone poutrie. 

Nether Snustoun..xx-xvj bolles..,iiij dussone poutrie. 

Argathet x holies. ..xij capones ij dussone 

poutrie. 

Ladcriff xij holies ... xij capones ij dussone 

poutrie. [poutrie. 

Brewland viij holies malt. ..xij capones ij dussone 

Ladyett xxxij bDlles...iiij dussone poutrie. 

Easter Keith ij<' mks Bot payed evir till 

this last sett — Twa chalderis off vittuall. 

Pendriche, ij'^L mks. ...Bot payed enr befor 

this last sett in the hee yeeris- —three chalderis of 
wittuall. 

Summa off fearms payit out of the lands of 

Lundie is — iij*^ xvj holies half here half meill. 
Suma of the silver duetie is — iiij'-L mks. 
Suma of capones and poutrie — xliiij dussone. 

There were four heritors in Lundie in 1682, 
and of the whole valued rent at that period, 
amounting to £1540 Soots, £1000 belonged to 
Duncan of Lundie, who was at the same time 
proprietor of Easter and Wester Adamstone, 
in Auchterhouse f Cordon. Veil. Boll, MS. J 

Besides stating that the greater part of the 
parish of Lundie " belongs to ane Duncane, a 
merchant's son in Dundie," Guynd (c. 1682) 
describes Duncan's residence at Lundie as 
" a big house," and adds, there is " a great 
loch, abounding in pykes, pearches, and eels, 
with abundance of fresh water fowl." 

There are altogether four lochs in the parish, 
and these form the source of Dichty water, 
wdiich joins the Tay at Monitieth. The name 
of Lundie has probably its origin in the Gaelic 
words Liiin-diihh, the " black linn or pool." 



68 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



The " big old house" of Guynd's time lias 
long ago disappeared ; and the site, which 
commands fine views of the district, was 
occupied until recently by the farm-house and 
steading of " The Castle of Lundie." A dwell- 
ing-house, cottage, and offices are still there, 
the farm-buildings having been removed to 
the southward. 

If the following rhyme is to be trusted, it 
would appear that the inhabitants of Lundie, 
like those in many other localities, have been 
favoured by nature with " storm signals," 
which, if properly studied, might be turned 
to good account : — 

" When Craig Owl has on his cowl, 
And Coollie Law his hude ; 
The folks o' Lnndie may look dool, 
i'or the day will no be gude." 

[Ins. compj. by Mr. Duncan Jamiesou, schoolnir.] 

jfo Uj J i s ^ € ii s t e r. 

(S. MARNOCH, BISHOP CONFESSOR.) 

AS stated in the Proceedings of the Society 
of Antiquaries of Scotland (vii. 241-8), 
the first notice of the church of Foidijs occurs 
in 1180, when William of Maule, an ancestor 
of the noble family of Panmure, made a gift 
of the church and the tithes of certain lands 
to his nephew, Thomas of Maule, out of which 
he was bound to pay a merk yearly to the 
canons of St. Andrews (Reg. de Panmure). 

The church of Fowlis is rated at 15 merks 
in the Old Taxation ; and it and three neigh- 
bouring churclies were served by one minister 
in 1574, Powlis having its own reader. 

The belfry is upon the west end of the 
church, and the bell seems to bear an inscrip- 
tion ; but I have not yet sticceeded in getting 
a copy of it. The offertory plate, which is 
made of copper, and highly ornamented, ap- 
pears to be an oliject of some antiquit}'. In 



the boss is a rude, but not uncommon repre- 
sentation, in relief, of Adam and Eve at the 
Forbidden Tree, surrounded by the words — 
WAET-DER-m-FElDE (i.e.. Stay there 
in Peace) — which are four times repeated. 

The present church of Fowlis, which, says 
Billings (who gives two engravings of it, the 
original drawings of which are at Aldbar), 
" wants but the bell-turret to make it as per- 
fect a specimen of the 15th century as Dal- 
mcny is of a village church of the Norman 
period," is decorated with the arms of the 
family of Gray and Wemyss, the second Lord 
Gray (the reputed founder of the church) 
having married a daughter of Sir John 
"Wemyss of Eeires and Kincaldrum. 

Sir Andrew Gray, the first of the family in 
this quarter, had a grant of lands in Lougfor- 
gan, from King Kobert the Bruce ; and in 
1377, the first Lord Gray acquired Fowlis- 
Easter by marrying the heiress of Sir Roger of 
Mortimer. The old line of the Grays failed 
in the person of the eighth baron, who died 
in 1663, soon after which Fowlis was sold. 
The title was carried on through a daughter, 
who married a son of Sir William Gray of 
Pittendrum, and from him was descended the - 
16th Lord Gray, who married a daughter of 
Colonel Aiuslie's, and died in 1867. Having 
no issue, his lordship was succeeded by his 
niece, now Baroness Gray, whose father was 
a son of Grant of Kilgraston ( Epitaphs, i. 70). 

The burial aisle of the Lords Gray is within, 
and at the east end of the church, from the 
area of which it is separated by a rood screen 
and an iron railing. Within the enclosure are 
an awmbry, engraved in Parker's Glossary of 
Architecture, also a curious baptisnuil font. 
A window of three lights contains paintings, 
illustrative of the Last Day, and over each 
compartment are respectively the arms of the 
INIortimers (old lords of Fowlis), the Grays, 
and the Ainslies. Along the base : — 



FOWLIS-EASTEB. 



09 



irt . tncmorwm . Jlohsnnis . xbi . gmnin: . be 
. (©rag : iwt. JHaii . 12 . \T-)S : Jcnut . Jan . 3\ . 1S07 
. vrtnt. sujt . CO. 

The rood snieen, wliich now forms the p:ir- 
tition between the body of the church and 
tlie Gray aisle, presents curious paintings uf 
the Crucifixion and other religious subjects. 
Eesides the ordinary accompaniments of tlic 
Virgin, St. John, Mary Magdalene, and a mul- 
titude of people on foot and on horseback, the 
picture of the Crucifixion (about 15 by 7 feet) 
exhibits some quaint features, among others, 
the souls of the two thieves, in the shape of 
dolls, are being taken out of their mouths, the 
one by an angel, the other by a dragon. 
Caiaphas, mounted upon a white horse, occupies 
a prominent place on the left of the cross, be- 
tween Herod and the Centurion, the latter of 
whom points to a scroll upon which Christ's 
testimony is written. A little farther to the left, 
over the shoulder of the king, who has a down- 
cast look, are the head and shoulders of a court 
jester, supposed by some to represent Satan, 
with fool's cap and a laughing expression. 

The second jjicture, wbicli contains fifteen 
separate portraits, apparently of a bishop, 
some of the apostles, and saints — about 20 
inches in height, by about 1 2 feet in length — 
appears to have been made up from several 
pictures. The third picture, or the panel on 
the right of the entrance to the Gray aisle, is 
about 6 by 6| feet, and much defaced. The 
figures of the Virgin and Child. St. John and 
the Lamb, are upon the right, and a large head 
with rays of glory is upon the left. Upon the 
lower part of tlie jianel is a Pieta with all the 
heads oft', the j)lanks upon which they were 
painted having been stript away. 

These curious specimens of early art (which 
are all upon oak panels) were possibly executed 
for the second Lord Gray, who was long de- 
tained in England as a hostage for the pay- 
ment of the ransoni for James I. of Scotlaml. 



It is certain (Scott's Fasti) that so far back 
as 1610-13 the pictures offended the eyes of 
the Provincial Synod, who ordered the minis- 
ter, Mr. Mortoun, to see " that the paintrie 
quhilk is vpon the pulpilt and ruid laft, being 
monumentes of idolatrie, sal be obliterate hi 
laying it over with green colour." This in- 
junction not being complied with so speedily 
as the Synod wished, a commission was ap- 
pointed " to pass to the said kirk and abolish 
altogether the foresaid monuments ;" but be- 
fore the commission visited Fowlis, Jlr. ilor- 
toun took the precaution of informing the 
Synod that " my Lord Gray will demolish 
such of the paintrie as is offensive." 

Although a good part of these " monu- 
mentes of idolatrie" had been destroyed about 
the time indicated, it is pleasing to find that 
they were not " altogether abolished ;" and it 
is to be hoped, since they have outlived the 
age of bigotry and superstition, that they 
will now be kept in good preservation. 

The following traces of a painted inscription 
are vpon a strip of oak fixed to the base of the 
picture of the Crucifixion : — 
. . . . nb.i . hoc . tcmplu; . mcrinoco . 
i05tru.\-crc . btato . ^i . qu.un'as . qucito . 
scmcl . (3Tt . CS . qu.it' . t . iii . 3^niui . (!juo . 
fiiit . is . romc . ctn . {ifis . piqic . . 

1 '. . . 

— Tlie above appears to convey some such 
meaning as that the church was once built in 
1 1 43, in honour of the blessed S. Marnoch 
or Merisocus, the same year in which the 
saint was at Eome representing the king, or 
the kingdom. Butler makes no mention of 
any incident of this kind in the life of S. 
Marnoce. But as the inscription appears to 
be a comparatively modern work, it had pro- 
bably been copied from an earlier and muti- 
lated version, so that the date of " M . C . 
(juat' . t . iii." may have been erroneously set 
down for that of J/ . . ijiiaf . f , ii. The 



70 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



long mark over the C being equivalent to two 
CG, making, in this case, the date of 1242, 
or the very year in which it is recorded 
the Bishop of St. Andrews dedicated the 
church of Fowlis-Easter to S. Marnoch. 

A coffin-slab in the area of the churchyard 
is ornamented with a floral cross in the centre, 
and upon one of the sides are a sword and 
stringed hunting horn. An upright and un- 
adorned cross — possibly the old market cross 
of Fowlis — stands near the slab. 

Over a cottage door, adjoining the Castle 
of Fowlis, is part of the dado of an altar- 
tomb, upon which are figures with gowns and 
hoods, &c. 

The next two inscriptions are both copied 
from a table-shaped stone at Fowlis-Easter ; — 

HEIR LAYS AN GODLAT HONEST MAN CALED 
lAMES BEL, WHO DEPERTET WPON THE 12 OF 
AVGVST 1661, AND OF HIS AGE 55 YBARIS. 

I. B. : I. p. 

AND WITH HIS SPOVS ISABL PETRB, AND OF HIR 
AGE 52 YEARS 1663. 

This stone was revised by William Anderson 
in memory of his father, John Andersom, 
weaver in Fowlis, wlio died on the 17th of July. 
1816, aged 55 years. 

Eound the sides of a flat stone, in Eoman 
capitals, surmounted by two shields, bearing 
respectively the Gray and Falconer arms : — 

HEIR LAYS A GODLAY HONEST WOMAN, AGNES 

FALKEXER, SPOVS TO lOHN GRAY, IN DENMILL, 

WITH THEIR FOVR SERENES, ANO 1665 : 

WILIAM GRAY : GORG GRAY : 

SOSAN GRAY : MARGARET GRAY : 

ANO 1665. 

A table-stone, ornamented with mortuary 
emblems, and an open book, upon which are 
the words : — " Lector, Disce mori. Eeader, 
learn how to die" — bears : — 

Here lyeth Margaret Crichtone, spouse to 
Mr. John Turner, schoolma-ster in Fowles, who 
departed this life the 17 of Feby., 1712, and of 
her age 34 : — 

Fuit moribus gi-avis, societate innocua, devo- 
tione siucera, sodalis jucunda, in egenos beuefica. 



quse conjugi charissima vixit, duas enixa est filias, 
Janet am prfemortuam, et Annam supei-stitera. 

[She was of a serious disposition, of true piety, 
a harmless member of society, an agreeable com- 
panion, and kind to the poor. She was united to 
her husband by ties of the dearest affection, and 
bore him two daughters, Janet, who died before 
her, and Ann, who still survives.] 
Stay, passenger, consider well. 
That thou ere long with me must dwell ; 
For you and I are clay and dust, 
And to the grave descend all must. 
O painted piece of living clay, 
Man be not proud of thy short day. 
Blessed are they which die in the Lord. 
In memory of David Thomson and his spouse 
Janet Hallyburton, 1777. 

The east side of a small headstone, pro- 
fusely ornamented with carvings, has a shield 
charged with a pair of woolshears, a carding 
board, and a water bucket. It contains the 
following inscription on the west side, also 
ten separate initial letters, which probably 
have reference to the number of the family : — 

Here lyeth David Yeaman, hwsband to Ann 
Petrie, sometime indwellers in Deuside, who 
died Iwly 6, 1722, aged 42 yeare. 

Time ripens mortals for the grave. 
And death soon cuts them down ; 
But they that Jesus Christ receives 
Shall live and wear a crown. 

Another headstone presents the somewhat 
odd surname of DiiimiU, which had possibly 
been assumed, in this instance, from Dcnmill, 
a place in the neighbourhood : — 

1733. This stone was Erected By Francies and 
Paterick Dinmills, in mimerie of Tliei'e Father 
and mother. Patrick Dinmill : he Dayed The 
25 of Desember 1750, Age 48 years. Katrien 
Simson : she Dayed 27 of May 1729, of Age 69. 

The following are from headstones : — 

Cilorie to God alone. 
Patrick Mores and Jannet Mitchell. 
Let us then live, that we forget not why 
We live, that have escaped, that is to dye ; 
And let us think those happie gone before. 
That have past ship\vrack, and are now on shore. 



FOWLIS-EASTEn. 



71 



Here lies Patrick Lyon with liis spouse, Iso- 
BELL Oliphant, and Elizabeth Garden, spouse 
to Jolm Lyou iu Fowles, who (leparte<l this life, 
March 31, 1725, aged 28. 

Coelo aspiras fati menior, 

Omnia qui meminit mortis iuiqua frigit. 

[Mindful of thy doom thou aspirest to heaven ; 

He that remembera death shuns all iniquity.] 

This stone was erected by John Lyon, 1735. 

[3.] 
This stone was erected by Master Robert 
Beig, schoolmaster of Lundie & Fowles, in 
memory of his spouse Agnes Beig, who died the 
2S)th of Januai-y, 176C, aged 63 yeara. 

When nature first my slender body fram'd 
Witliiu a living grave of dust enchain'd. 
She ili'stiii'd me that I at last should have. 
And cliaiigi' this mortal, for a living grave. 
But tho' my body iu this urn duth rest, 
In small and scatter'd particles disperst : 
My sold, that heavenly substance, and divine, 
Hath soar'd aloft into its native clime, 
Which afterwards shall with me reunite. 
And make our union lasting and compleat. 
For ever then employed iu singing glore 
To the eternal thi-ee in one for ever more. 

— Two grotesciuely dressed human figures are 
represented upon the east side of this stone, 
holding an open book, upon which these 
truisms are carved : — • 

Learning is an excellent ornament ; 

Good education was seldom lost. 

Mr. William Alexander (one of Mr. Eeig's 
successors) was a fine example of the hard- 
working teacher of '' the old school." He 
held office at Fowlis-Easter for upwards of 55 
years, and died in 185-t, aged 74, leaving, 
among other children, the Eev. Thomas Alex- 
andeRj of the Presbyterian Church, Belgrave 
Square, Loudon, who died suddenly in the 
summer of 1872. 

This popular preacher, who was bred a seeds- 
man iu Dundee, had a varied and chequered 
career before studying for the Church. He 
tried, among otlier.occupations, the business of a 
country bookseller, but being more devoted to 
music and amusement than to shopkeeping, 



he ran off to London, where, until he joined 
a ship with which he went to the West Coast 
of Africa, he supported himself as a violinist. 
After returning from sea, he took part in the 
Revival movements at Dundee, and soon 
thereafter opened an adventure school at Inver- 
gowrie. While there, lie became acquainted 
with the late eccentric, but generous-hearted, 
Professor Andrew Scott, of Aberdeen, who 
kindly gave him lessons in Oriental languages, 
and encouraged his studies. " Tom," as he 
was familiarly called, next became tutor in a 
private family, and, taking his degree of M.A., 
at St. Andrews, received licence in due course. 
He was an occasional contributor to religious 
periodicals; and, in 1857, published a work 
on Intercessory Praj'er, which soon reached a 
second edition. The late Paris of Camper- 
down, Dalhousie, and Thomas Carlyle, tlie 
" Sage of Chelsea," were among his personal 
friends ; but no one had a truer appreciation 
of his character than the last-mentioned, who, 
on sending him " with many regards," a 
verse of the quaint Scotch ballad of " There 
Avas a piper had a cow" (Nutcs and Queries, 
1876), showed how justly he felt the mistaken 
indifference wliich his friend continued to 
exhibit for the stern realities of life : — 

" The cow considered wi' hersel' 
That mirth wad never fill her ; 
* Gie me a picJde f/uid ait strae, 
An" sell vour win' for siller.' " 



The castle of Fowlis, which is, or was till 
recently, occupied by agricultural labourers, a 
shoemaker, and a dealer in " tea and tobacco," 
appears to lie a 17th century work. James I. 
dated a charter from Foulz iu 1 448 ; and 
James IV. was at Fowlis, in Angus, on 19tli 
Dec, 1497, when 14s. were given " to the 
harpar thair, at the king's commands" (iVy- 
toun's Ballads). 

Fowlis passed, l.iy purcliase, from the ninth 



72 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



Lord Gray, iu 1669, and was acquired by au 
ancestor of the present jiroprietor. Sir Patrick 
Keith-Murray of Auchtertyre, Baronet. J. 

\^^^^^^^^^^^v^^^^\\^^^\^^^^^v^^^^,\^\\\^v^^^,\^^^\\• 

B XI r t i f , 

(S. ) 

TN the year 1199, William of Lamberton 
•^ gave the kirk of Boueriden or Boirirdin 
(i Boireann, a stony, rocky district), to the 
canons of St. Andrews, along with 12 acres of 
land which adjoined the church (Eeg. Prior. 
S. Andree, 266-7). 

The cluirch of Biiiiijihjn (? Bouijnhiii) is 
rated at .£20 in the Old Taxation. In 1.574, 
Bourtie and three other parishes were served 
by one minister, who had a stipend of £102 
8s. lOid. Scots. The contemporary " reilare" 
or schoolmaster, at Bourtie, had " the haill 
vicarage." 

The present church was built in 1806 ; and, 
until recently, there was a wooden ladle for 
collecting the offering, which bore " E. E., 
1671," also these remains of the text (Prov. 

xvii. 19) ". E THAT GIVETH . . THE POORE 

LEN . ETH TO YE LORD." It belonged to the 
time of ]SIr. Iiobert Browne, who was minis- 
ter at Bourtie, 1666-75, and wrote " Eudi- 
mentorum lihetoricorum libri v.," Abd., 1GG6 
(Scott's Fasti). 

Two mutilated stone effigies, of a male and a 
female, lie in the churchyard. The former is 
clad in armour, with helmet, shield, and 
sword, and the latter is dressed in a long plain 
garment. Both are well proportione'l, and 
although tradition is silent as to the name and 
status of the lady, it asserts tliat the mailed 
figure represents Thomas de Longueville, the 
companion of Wallace, who, it is added, fell 
wliile storming the camp on Barrahill. Apart 
altogether from the fable of Longueville, the 



style of the effigies shows that neither is of an 
earlier date than the 16th century. 

These monuments had, doubtless, occupied 
a recess tomb in the old kirk of Bourtie, from 
which they had been thrust by wiproving 
Vandals. Both had probably represented 
members of some of the more potent of the 
contemporary heritors, the chief of whom were 
the Kings and the Meldrums. Although 
ti'aces of arms are upon the shield which 
covers the warrior's breast, these are too faint 
to admit of the surname being known. Pro- 
bably a broken lettered slab, which lies near 
at hand, had formed part of the same tomb, 
and it may therefore preserve the record of 
the knight and lady here represented, possibly 
the .laird of Colliehill (whose name is obliter- 
ated) and his wife, " la King." The letters 
are cut in bold relief, and, so far as I have 
been able to make it out, the following is a 
line-for-line copy of the inscription : — 



COLLiniLL . . . S . HAY . JIA 
. . IS . ET . lA . KYNG . SVE 
SPONSE . yvi . MAGNO . AM 
ICORV . MCER .... OBIERV'T . IP 
SE . QVIDEM A° . 1 . . . 

MATER . 2° . A° . 1579 . SP 

ONSA . VERO . ANNOS . NV 
PTA . 4 . FILIIS . FILIAB' . SV 

stitib' . 20 . m . a" . 1581 . et . . 
ts . avtem . s . A° . 38 . 15 . . 

[ . Colliehill . . . s 

Hay, his niuther, and his spouse Ia. King, who 
tlied to the great grief of their friends, himself 
anno 1 . . . his motlier on 2d anno 
1579, and his spouse, after a union of . . yeai-s, 
and leaving beliiud her a family of 4 sous and 
daughters, 20th M . . . 1581, in her 38th 
year, 15 . . ] 

— " la. Kyng" was probably a descendant of 
James King, of Bourtie^ who had a grant of the 
lands of Westeihouse in the Garioch, in 1490. 
Sir James King, of Barracht (Barra), Dudwick, 
and Birness, was a Lieut.-General, in the 
service, first of Gustavus Adolphus, and after- 
wards of Charles I. of England, by the latter 



BOURTIE. 



73 



of whom he was created a peer with the now 
extiuct title of Lord of Eythin (Doug. Peerage). 

The surname of King appears first in Scot- 
land during the reign of Alexander the Second. 
A tombstone, within the ruins of the old 
kirk at Peterhead, bears the family arms, and 
the name of Bessie King, who died in 1G1.5. 
Kings were designed of Newmiln, near Elgin, 
in the seventeenth century, and the name is 
still to be met with in many parts of the 
country, among others, in Kinellar, where 
Col. Wm. Ross King possesses the property of 
Tertowie. This gentleman, whose father was 
a clergyman in the Church of England, mar- 
ried a sister of Mr. Gordon of Pitlurg, and is 
author of the Natural History of Canada, &c. 

CoUiehill belonged to Margaret, Countess 
of Douglas, daughter of Donald, third Earl of 
Mar, who, in 1384, granted the town of Col- 
liehill for tlie endowment of a chaplain in the 
chapel of the Virgin Mary of the Garioch. 
CoUiehill was afterwards a portion of the 
barony of Balquhain ; and Alex. Galloway, 
rector of Kinkell, bought two acres of land 
from the laird of Balquhain in 1505, and gave 
the same for a manse to the chaplaius of 
CoUiehill (Epitaphs, i. 305). 

In 1696, Forbes of Auquhorties was laird 
of CoUiehill. It afterwards belonged to Mr. 
Simpson, merchant in Aberdeen, and founder 
of the CoUiehill Trust. After his death, 
which resulted from a gun accident, on 12tli 
Aug., 1616, when in his 24th year, CoUiehill 
was bought from his trustees by Mr. Anderson 
of Bourtie. CoUiehill and Bourtie were both 
sold, in 1827, to the father of the present 
proprietor, Mr. Duguid of Auchlunies. 

The lands of Bourtie were acquired about 
1663 by John Anderson, grandfather of 
Patrick Anderson, who married a daughter of 
Sir David Ogilvy of Barras. Patrick Ander- 
son died in 1763, and his surviving son dying 
unmarried, the family of his sister Marj', who 



became the second wife of Provost Young, of 
Aberdeen, succeeded to the property (Mem. of 
James Young and Pachel Cruickshank). 

A table-shaped stone, within an enclosure 
at the east end of the church, bears this in- 
scrijstion : — 

Here lye the remains of John Leith of Kiu- 
guJie, Esq', who died in 1764 ; and of his spouse 
Hellen Simpson, who died iu 175.3 ; and of 
John Grant of Eothmaise, E.sq', who died iu 
Jam-y, 1800, aged 86 ; and of Ann Leith, his 
spouse, liferentrix of Kingudie, who died iu 
April 1807, aged 84 ; and of Lieu'. P. Grant, 
their son, who died in Septr. 1810 ; and also of 
Miss Jean Grant, their daughter, who died in 
April 1815, aged 57. 

— Alexander, called Hard Head, second son 
of John Leith of New Leslie (of the Leiths of 
Edingarrocli), is the reputed ancestor of the 
Leiths of Kingudie, now Blair. It was pos- 
sibly acquired by Leith about the end of the 
17th, or the beginning of the 18th century, 
when the lands of Blair and Kingudie ('? Khi- 
geith-ie, a place exposed to wind) were owned 
by Margaret and Elizabeth Seaton, as heirs 
portioners. 

Kingudie is now part of the estate of Blair ; 
and on its coming into the possession of Mr. 
Leith (a nephew of Mr. Leith-Lumsden of 
Clova), he changed the name of the house to 
Leithfield. 

A granite monument at the west end of the 
kirk is thus inscribed : — 

Iu memory of John Hanson of Kilblean, who 
died 4th October 1838, iu the 77th year of his 
age. And of Margaret Diana Knight, his 
wife, who died 30th December 1818, aged 72 
years. 

— Mr. jNlanson, who was a merchant and 
distiller in Oldmeldrum, acquired, by pur- 
chase, the estate of Kilblean, which was in- 
herited by his son, Alexander. John, the 
younger of his two sons, late agent for the 
British Linen Company's Bank at Aberdeen, 
is proprietor of Eingask, in the adjoining 
parish of Daviot. 



74 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



Tlio inscriptions below are from tomb- 
stones in various parts of the burial-ground : — 

Here lies, under the hope of a blessed resur- 
rection, Thomas Simpson, merchant in Oldmel- 
drum, who departed this life the 30th of Jan' 
1725, and of his age 77 yeare. Also of Mar- 
garet Williamson, his spouse, who departed 
this life the 8th of April, 17 

■ — These were probably the ancestors of a 
family named Simpson, one of whose daugh- 
ters was married to Baillie Duguid, of Aber- 
deen (grandfather of the jiresent laird of 
Bourtie), and another to the Eev. Dr. Skene 
Keith, of Keith-hall (Epitaphs, i. 302). 

[2.] 
Sacred to the memory of James Bissbt, late 
farmer in Mill of luveramsay, who, having 
passed his days here in the practice of those 
duties which became an honest man and a Chris- 
tian, rendered up his soul to God, on the 23 
day of March, 1789, in the 65 year of his age. 

- — An adjoining granite obelisk bears to have 
been erected to the memory of James Bisset, 
farmer, Drumclurno, who died in 1864, in his 
93rd year. 

[3.] 

Pat. Milne, mercht., Oldmeldrum, d, 1796, 

a. 75 ; Janet Mann, his sp., d. 1790, a. 80 : — 

Let further honour claim who can, 

He lived and died an honest man. 

[4.] 
Gavin Eennt, farmer. Old Balgove, d. 1779, a. 35 : 
Here in my silent grave I lay. 

Freed from ni}' pains and grief ; 
Altho' troubles did me sore distress, 

God sent at last relief. 
His loving-kindness while here below. 

With pleasures often did fiU my soul. 
My Saviour, dear, soon call'd me home, 

Where endless life and pleasures roll. 

[5.] 
Helen Simpson, wf. of Alex. Burnett, weaver. 
Old Abdn., d. 1816, a. 59 :— 

Be ye also ready. 
Harmless and pious she was ; 
Virtue aud truth she possess'd ; 
A lover of Jesus' cause, 
Now in him eternally bless'd. 



[6.] 
Geo. Alexanuer, farmer, Barra, d. 1839, a. 72 : 

" His widow and family have placed this stone 
over his remaius, in grateful acknowledgement 
of the inheritance which they have derived from 
his example of upright conduct and well directed 
industry." 

Helen Keith, his widow, d. 1847, a. 79. 

[-] 

Sacred to the memoiy of James Alexander, 
late farmer in Westerhouses, who died June 30th, 
1794, aged 38. Also of his brother, William, 
late blacksmith in Rescivet, who died 4th Nov' 
1806, in the LVIII year of his age. Also John 
Slorach, who died at AiryhiUock, 4th Agust, 
1823, aged 64 yeai-s. And his widow, Elizabeth 
Alexander, died 6th June, 1838, aged 85. 
— William Alexander, blacksmith in Eescivet 
(Chapel of Garioch), was the grandfather of 
Mr.- Wm. Alexander, editor of the Aberdeen 
Free Preas, author of Johnny Gibb of Gush- 
etneuk ; Life Among My Ain Folk ; Sketches 
of Northeyi IJural Life in the Eighteenth Cen- 
tury, &c. All these works contain singularly 
graphic and truthful delineations of peasant 
life in Aberdeenshire and the ICorth, which, 
besides being of general interest, must soon 
become valuable to the historian and antiquary. 
[8.] 

Sacred to the memory of Theodore Allan, 
A.M., preacher of the Gospel, and parochial 
schoolmaster of CouU, who departed this life at 
Begsley, Dyce, on the 28th day of October, 1847, 
aged 41 years. And of his mother. Mart 
Martin, who died March, 1852, aged 80 years, 
and of his stepfather, James Kennedy, who died 
in the year 1865, aged 83 yeai-s. 
Abridged from a table stone (enclosed) : — 

The Eev. William Smith, minister of this 
parish, died 28th May, 1825, in the 59th year of 
his age, and 30th of his ministry. His widow, 
Isabel Mitchell, daughter of the late Gavin 
Mitchell, minister of Kiuellar, D.D., died 15th 
October, 1847, in her 75th year. Their eldest 
son, James, died 14th July, 1836, aged 35 ; 
AoNES (sister of Eev. W. Smith), died 10th July, 
1847, aged 84. Their second son, Gavin Smith, 
LL.D., died at Eottiiigdean, 13th Nov., 1861, 
aged 56 ; his widow, Caroline Saxbt, died at 
Brighton, Aug. 5, 1862, agp-d 57. 



BOURTIE. 



75 



— Dr. Smith, ■who made money by keeping a 
boarding-school in England, erected a marble 
sun dial in the churchyard of Bourtie, upon 
which is this inscription : — 

In honorem posuit Gavipus Smitli, LL.D., 
- A.D. Octr., 1853. 
ParochiiB Boiu'tieusis quiB ipsum genuit aluitque. 
CJt vita sic fugit hora. 
[Erected in Oct., 1853, b.y Gavin Smith, LIj.D., 
in honour of the parish of Bourtie, where he was 
born and brought up. As life flies, so flies the 
houi'.] 

A costly granite monument in the S.E. 
corner of the churchyard is thus inscribed : — 

Here rests Jambs Bisset, D.D., who died on 
8th September, 1872, in the 78th year of his 
age, and the 47th of his labours as minister of 
Bom-tie. To his memory this stone, has been 
dedicated by Parishioners and Friends, as a 
mark of their respect and love. 

— Dr. Bisset succeeded his father as school- 
master of Udny, where he kept an academy 
or boarding-school, which was attended by 
the late Sir James Outram, Bart., Dr. Joseph 
Eobertson, aiid many other men who have 
risen to eminence. Dr Bisset succeeded Mr. 
Smith as minister of Bourtie, and was twice 
married, first to a daughter of the Eev. Mr. 
Lessel, of Inverurie, and next to a daughter 
of the Eev. Mr. Smith, of Bower. Dr. Bisset 
wrote the New Statistical Account of Bourtie, 
also several pamphlets on Church politics, 
and was Moderator of the General Assembly 
in 1862 (Epitaphs, i. 179). 

A monument, near the churchyard gate, 
was erected to the memory of his family by 
"William Bonar, farmer, Smiddy Croft, 
Bourtie, who wrote a poem of 198 pages, 
entitled The World, in Ten Parts (Fintray, 
1857). He died 6th April, 1860, aged 76. " 



Pre-historic remains of various kinds have 
been found in Bourtie, and among others, 
several stone coffins, containing urns and 



human bones, were discovered in a cluster of 
boulders at Hawklaw, upon the farm of Loch- 
end. It is told that the old fiirmer, who was 
an elder of the church, inquired of the late 
Dr. Bisset, " Whase remains they were T and 
on the latter replying that he could not 
answer the question, but that he supposed 
they were those of persons of note, the worthy 
elder remarked — " I was just thinkin' sae ; — 
Dauvid, or the Apostles, or some o' thae Pro- 
phet folk 'at we read o' 1' the Scriptur's !" 

The fragment of a sculptured stone, which 
lies at the church of Bourtie, embellished with 
the sceptre, comb, and mirror ornaments, is 
engraved in the Sculptured Stones of Scotland, 
issued by the Spalding Club, i., pi. 132. 

It was in 1342 that Eobert, preceiJtor of 
the Hospital of Torphichen, as superior of the 
Temple lands, and acting for the Knights 
Templars, granted certain possessions in the 
town of Aidd I!ourtie, with consent of 
William, son of the late John of Meldrum, to 
Matthew, called Goblach the Smith. " The 
lludd's Well," at the foot of the Hudd's field, 
is upon Auld Bourtie ; also the Smiddy Stones 
and the Smiddy Croft. The Temple Croft is 
upon the estate of Thornton, now the pro- 
perty of Mackenzie of Glack. Thornton pre- 
viously belonged to Mr. John Kiven, tobacco- 
nist, Aberdeen, who, besides Sir H. ]Srivon- 
Lumsden (Epitaphs, i. 264), left three daugh- 
ters, one of whom was married to Captain 
Carmichael, a second to Mr. Forbes of Echt, 
and the third to Mr. Eoderick Jlackenzie, 
father of the late laird of Glack, who bought 
the two remaining shares of the estate from 
the other heirs. 

" The Stan'in' Stanes o' Bourtie" are near 
the Manse, and to the south of Barra Hill. 
Four large stones still remain, and being upon 
an exposed situation, they are seen from a con- 
siderable distance. Three of the boulders 
stand upright, and the other one lies upon its 



76 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCHIPTIONS : 



side. The remains of a stone circle are also 
upon the Temple Croft. 

Another large boulder to the east of the 
kirk is called the " Piper's Stane," from its 
having been, as story avers, the spot where 
bagpipers waited for marriage parties on their 
return from church, when their services were 
required to convoy them home, and to play at 
" penny bridals." 

Dr. Bisset (New Stat. Acct.) gives interest- 
ing notices of the remains of the old fort or 
camp upon the Hill of Earra, also a resume 
of the traditions connected therewith. The 
chief entrance to this stronghold appears to 
have been from the east. The west side is 
nearly perpendicular, and composed of the 
natural rock, the other sides being guarded by 
two considerable trenches, with walls of earth 
and stones mixed. One of the finest and 
most interesting views in Aberdeenshire is 
obtained from Barra Hill, including the hill 
forts of Dunnideer and Notli, the hills of 
Benachie, the Buck of the Cabrach, the Hill 
of Eenrinnes, &c. ; also, of the Castle of 
Barra, which may be said to stand under the 
shadow of the hill. 

The castle, although partially inhabited, is 
in a bad state of rejsair. It forms three sides 
of a square, with towers upon the south, and 
a gateway enclosing the court upon the east. 
It has been added to and altered at different 
times. The date of 1614 is on one of the 
skew-jjut stones, another date, 16 — , is over 
a niche, in which there had possibly been a 
shield with armorial bearings, and upon an 
adjoining dormer window is a monogram. 

Sometime before the close of the 17th cen- 
tury, Barra was acquired by a family named 
Eeid, one of whom was created a baronet in 
1703. The family and baronetcy are still re- 
presented, but the property was bought by 
John Eamsay about 1757. He left no male 
issue, and the properties of Barra, in Bourtie, 



and Straloch, in Newniachar, came to Mr. 
Innes (a cadet, of the Innermarkie family), 
who married the heiress, and, under the deed 
of entail, assumed the surname of Ramsay 
only. Their eldest son, who married a daugh- 
ter of Mr. Innes of Pitmodden (now widow 
of Captain Nares, E.N.), was succeeded by 
his son. Major Eamsay, who, by his late wife, 
a daughter of the Eev. Mr. N. Bond, of 
the Grange, Dorset, has an only child, Mary- 
Agnes. 

Before 1.505 " Barroch" was the property of 
John Blackball ; and in 157,7 portions of it 
belonged to the before-mentioned family of 
King. It afterwards fell into the hands of 
Setons, and in 1627 William Seton of Mel- 
drupi succeeded his uncle, George, Chancellor 
of Aberdeen, in the town and lands of " Bar- 
rauche." 

There was a chapel at Barra, dedicated to 
S. John. j. 

'^^\^^^^^w^\\wv^^^\^^\vw^w^^^^^v\^\\^^^^^^v^^s 

(S. DEOSTAN, ABBOT.) 

THE church of Ahiiiouer, which was gifted 
to the cathedral of Moray by the great 
family De Moravia, is first mentioned in a 
deed of concession by BishoiJ Andrew, in the 
year 1226 (Eeg. de Morav). 

It was occasionally called the " Kirk of 
Skirdrostan," and this fact, together with its 
position in the Eegister of Ministers for 1574, 
not unnaturally led Mr. Shaw to the conclusion 
that it was at one time a separate church from 
that of Aberlour. As in the case of Fordoun, 
which is sometimes called " Paldy Kirk" 
(being a corruption of the name of S. Pal- 
ladius), the church of Aberlour received the 
name of " Skirdrostan," from its being dedi- 
cated to S. Drostan. 



ABKRLOVR. 



77 



An old font, formed out of a rude block of 
niica-scliist, lies in the churchyard. The shape 
and dimensions of the basin, which is 2 feet 
in width and 18 inches in depth, have led to 
the popular belief of its having been used for 
immersing infants at baptism. 

Tradition avers that it was employed on one 
occasion for a very different purpose. Ac- 
cording to story, a poor crazed man, who was 
rescued from committing suicide in the Spey; 
having been placed all night for safety in the 
church, was found drowned in the font next 
morning, when his friends went to remove 
him to a place of greater security. 

The kirk of Ahyrlour is rated at 30 merks 
in the Taxation of 1275. In 1574, it and 
four neighbouring churches were under the 
charge of one minister, who had the kirk lands 
and an annual money stipend of £16G Scots. 
The readership of Aberlour, which was vacant 
at the latter date, is valued at 20 nierks and 
kirk lands. 

The burial-ground, which has been recently 
enlarged and improved (the enclosing walls hav- 
ing been built chiefly at the expense of the late 
JMiss Macpherson-Grant), is near the junction 
of the burn of Aberlour with the Spey. A 
small portion of the old kirk, which was 
bought from the rest ' of the heritors by Mr. 
Grant of Elchies, still stands. It was disused 
in 1812, and a handsome edifice was erected 
at the village of Charlestown. The latter was 
accidentally destroyed by fire about the New- 
year of 1861 (the belfry and tower excejsted), 
and a new and still more elegant structure was 
soon thereafter erected. The belfry and tower 
were built, in 1840, at the expense of the 
late Mr. Grant of Aberlour, who placed therein 
a large and well-toned bell. 

When the burial-ground was extended, the 
old manse and offices were removed, and a 
door lintel was found bearing the initials, 
M. E. S., and date of 1672. These correspond 



with the time of Mr. Robert Stephen, who 
was minister of Aberlour from 1669, until his 
death in 1705. His son, who was ajjpointed 
his assistant and successor, was translated to 
the parish of Craig, ii»- Forfarshire, in 1714. 

I have to thank Mr. Charles Grant, late 
schoolmaster of Aberlour, for the following in- 
scription from a recently disco i'ered tomb- 
stone, which relates to Mr. Stephen's immedi- 
ate jjredecessor : — 

Sub . Spe . Beatce . Eesurrectionis . Hie . 
Eequiescit . Georgius . Speed . Pius . Doctus 
. Fidus . Pastor . Parochiie . Aberlourensis . 
Quam . Voio . Voce . Et '. Vita . Diligenter . 
Instruxit . Annos . 28 . ^t . Grandi . Piam . 
Expiravit . Aiiimam .A . ^ . C . - 1668 . 
Sobrie . Juste . Pie . Vixit . Haec . Tria . 
Perpetuo . Meditare . Adverbia . Pauli . Hiec 
. Tria . Sint . Vita; . Eegula . Saucta . Tuse . 
Georgius . Et . Margarita . Speedeii In- 
humantur. Hue . Tendimus . Omnes. 
M . G . S. 

[Here rests in the hope of a blessed resiu-rec- 
tion, George Speed, a pious, learned, and faith- 
ful minister of the parish of Aberlour, which he 
diligently instructed for 28 years, by prayer, 
voice, and life. He breathed out his pious spirit 
in 1 668, at au advanced age. He lived soberly, 
righteously, and godly. 

On these three Pauline adverbs ever meditate. 

Be these three of thy life the sacred rule. 
George and Margaret Speed are interred here. 
The grave is the (destined) goal of all.] 

—Mr. Speed, at one time schoolmaster of 
Keith, afterwards of Fordyce, became minis- 
ter of Aberlour about 1640, and died at about 
the age of 64 (Scott's Fasti). He provided that 
his body should be buried in the churchyard, 
and not below the pulpit, as had long been 
the practice, quaintly remarking that, if laid 
there, " the rest o' the Aberlour folk at the 
last day, would be o'er the hill o' Taminruie 
(an eminence between Aberlour and Craig- 
ellachie) afore he got oot o' the kirk !" 

A burial aisle in the Perpendicular style of 
architecture, erected over the ashes of her 
father and mother, by the late Jliss Macpher- 
SON-Grant of Aberlour, adds considerably to 



78 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



the beauty of the churchyard. Tliere also 
lie the remains of the erector of the aisle, who 
died unmarried in April, 1877, in her 43i-d 
year. 

A freestone monument in the north dyke, 
upon which the Inues and Barclay arms are 
carved, bears this inscription : — 
W. I : E. B : 1664. 

WILLIAM INNES OF KINERMONI CAWSED BVILD 
THIS TOMB IN THIS REMOTE PLACE FOR HIMSELF 
AND ELIZABETH BARCLAY HIS SPOVS, THAT SON 
MIGHT HAVE OCCASION TO RAIS THEIR BONES, AND 
WE REST HEIR IN HOPE OF THE RESURRECTION OP 

OVR BODIES. [2 Cor. v. 10.] - . 

ANNA INNES, DAVGHTER TO THE SAID WILLIAM 
INNES, LYES HEIR, WHO DIED VNMARRIED THE 22 
OF NOVEMBER 1663. 

— I have found no mention of the above- 
named laird of Kinermonie or Iii.s wife, in the 
" Account of the Familie of Innes ; " but 
according to Douglas' Baronage, lie was the 
second son of Sir Robert Innes of Balveny ; 
and when the third baronet died, the succes- 
sion devolved upon Walter, son of William 
Innes of Kinermonie. He became fourth 
baronet, and through him the line of the 
family was carried on. AVilliam Innes of 
Kinermonie mortified X350 Scots for the 
behoof of the poor of the parish. 

Tlie property of Kinermonie (anciently 
Kyneremoneh) " was a part of the lordship 
of Balvenie, and was given by Innes of Bal- 
venie to his second son, whose heir exchanged 
it for Ortown, and now (1775) it is the pro- 
perty of the Earl of Fife." The Knights 
Templars held the superiority of Kinermonie, 
where, continues Shaw, " are the walls of 
an old Gothic house ; and the tradition of the 
country is that it was a religious house, and 
that all the religious in it were massacred in 
one night." 
From a slab, also in the kirkyard dyke : — 

HIC & INTUS EX OPPOSITO JACENT CINERES 
PROGENITOR . . ALEXANDBI GR.INT DE RUDRIE 

TEMPLCM SUB DUOBUS HIS . . . 

. . CONDUNTHR EXUVLE JANET.-E GRANT, QUI 



CONJUGIS FILI,« HELEN.E GRANT, DI 

JOANNIS LIBEKORUM . . . QUO 

. . . HOC MONUMENTUM EXTRUENDUM CDRAVIT 
SUPRA DESIGNAT . . . ALEXANDRI. 

[Here and ■nathin opposite lie the ashes of the 
Ancestors of Alexander Grant of Eudrie. 
Inside the church, under these two stones, are 
interred the remains of Janet Grant, spouse of 
John Grant, and of her daugliter Helen Grant, 
to whose memory the above-mentioned Alex- 
ander caused this monument to be erected.] 

— Alexander Grant of Eudrie was probably 
one of the Grants of AUachie, and may have 
been related to the wife of Duff of Kcithmore 
(Epitaphs, i. 329). The property of Euthrie, 
now Lord Fife's, lies to the south of the church. 
The burn of Abeiiour runs past Euthrie, and 
when in flood, " the Linn of Buthrie" becomes 
a romantic and picturesque waterfall. 
From a flat stone : — 

Oi^posite to this in- 
terred Isabel ton, spous to Alexr. 

Martin in Aberlour, and their children, William 
and Margaret. She died Nov. 8, 1758, aged 
63, and they in infancy. 

The next inscription probably refers to a 
descendant of the above : — 

Pat. Martin, mason, Aberlour, d. 24th, and 
his wf. Elspet Stewart, on 29th Ap., 1780, a. 
66, 6.5. " They hvd in, and was the first that 
iuliabited Gowuie of Aberlour": — 

Twice 19 years they lived man and wife, 

Betwixt them there was heard no strife ; 

In love they iiv'd, both in one week did die. 

And in one grave both here they lie. 
By their son, William Martin, china merchant in 
Loudon. 

Alexander Moir, and son John (1775-6) : — 
No wonder tho' men do turn to clay. 
When Kocks, and Stoue.-5, and Monuments 
do decay, 
and Egbert Moir, late farmer in Sockach of 
Gleurinnes, son of the aforesaid Alexander Moir, 
who died January, 1800, aged 40, and his wife 
Hellen Stuart, who died February 1820, 
aged 55. 
From an adjoining stone : — 

Erected by Robert Gordon of Polduie, in 
memory of Helen Green, his beloved spouse, 
who died May 14, 1791, in the 38 year of her 
age. A Patern of Virtue ; remarkable for hospi- 



ABERLOUR. 



79 



tality and charit)' ; respected aud Ir.meuted by 
all her aci^uaiutauces. 

Abridged from a table-shaped stone : — 

Johu Green and Elizabeth Stewart, at Edin- 
villie, had 8 sons aud 3 daughters. John Green 
died at Shiudow, in 1798, aged 79, and his widow 
at Einnachat, in 1808, aged 82. Their son, 
William, fai-mer, Euthrie, and his wife, Helen, 
Stewart, died in 1833, aged 73 and 63 respect- 
ively, having had 7 sons and four daughters. 
— Members of this family (an ancestor of 
whom bequeathed £66 13s. 4d. to the poor) 
still occupy the farm of lluthrie, and are also 
bank agents in Aberlour. 

The next inscription possibly refers to John 
Proctor, who (Shaw) left £66 13s. 4d. Scots 
to the poor of Aberlour : — 

JOHN PROCTOR, late POSSESSOR IN SAUCHEN- 
BURN, HATH PUT ON THES TVO GRATESTONS UPON 
Tins BURIAL PLACE, WHERE HIS DECEAST PARENTS, 
VIFE, AND CHILDREN LYETH. 

— These were probably ancestors of Mr. Proc- 
tor, sheriil-substitute of Moray, who married 
a daughter of Gordon of Leitcheston. Their 
only son, Patrick Proctor of Halkerton, near 
Forfar, referred to in Sir Walter Scott's 
" Demonology" as the seneschal of Glamis 
Castle, was widely known. He and his son, 
William, were for about ninety years factors 
for the Earls of Strathmore, and the eldest son, 
John, was sometime farmer of East Calcots, 
near Elgin (P^pitaphs, i. 184). One of Sheriff 
Proctor's daughters, Isobel, married John 
Nicoll, corn-merchant, Lossiemouth. Their son 
was Principal NicoU of St. Andrews, who was 
the leader of the Church of Scotland, along 
with Dr. John Inglis, father of the present 
Lord Justice-Clerk, for the ten years following 
the death of Principal HiU, in 1820 (Inf. 
kindly communicated by the Eev. Dr. Alex. 
Anderson, Hilton House, Aberdeen). 
Margt. Dick, sp. to Jas. Grant, d. 1779 : — 

She was the virtuous woman described in 
Prov. 31. The loving wife and affectionate 
mother. The pains she took in showing her 
chUdi'en the beauties of a pious and virtuous life. 



and her charity to the poor and those in distress, 
leave no cause to doubt of her soul being in glory. 
This stone is deservedly erected to her memory 
1)3' her husband. 

A tombstone to the memory of John Find- 
lay, Gownie of Aberlour, who died in 1813, 
aged 73, bears to have been erected or " done 
by his Natural Daughter, Margaret Findlay." 
Abridged from a stone within an enclosure : — 

Eev. Wm. Grant, minister of Duthil, died 22d. 
Aug. 1862, aged 76. Called to the miu'stry at 
the age of 24, he discharged its duties for 52 
yeai-s. Mary Garioch, his wife, daughter of 
Dr. James Garioch, Old Meldrum, died 1866, 
aged 76. 

— Mr. Grant was previously at Kirkniichael. 
He is described as an able scholar and minis- 
ter, and liberal in endowing from his own re- 
sources educational institutions in his own 
parish, &c. (Scott's Fasti). His brother-in-law, 
Mr. Garioch, of Ol'lmeldrum, who seceded at 
the Disruption, was a liberal benefactor to the 
Free Church. 



As in many other parts of Scotland, the 
parish of Aberlour was divided into daughs or 
davachs. These consisted of certain districts 
which were either under cultivation or callable 
of being so. As such they were assessable for 
IJublic burdens, and, according to their extent, 
were also bound to furnish soldiers in time of 
war. The names of these davachs, which were 
seven in number, are still preserved, namely, 
Aberlour (including Charlestown), Allachie, 
Carron, Drumfurrich, Edinville, Kinermonie, 
and Euthrie. 

The village of Charlestown of Aberlour was 
founded about the year 1812, by Mr. Charles 
Grant of Elchies. He claimed descent from 
Patrick, second son of James Grant of that 
Ilk, who, in the time of Charles I., sided 
with the Parliament, while his clan joined the 
King (Epitaphs, i. 298). One of the family, 
who is said to have fought under Dundee at 
Killiecrankie (1689), was presented by the 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



Viscount with a snuif-mull, silver-mounted 
(now at Elcliies), upon wliicli is this inscrip- 
tion : — " Presented to John Grant Rot/, laird 
of BalUndalluch, by Viscmnt Dundee." It is 
added that Balhndalloch passed, either by sale 
or forfeiture, from John Grant Hoy, who left 
two sons, Alexander and John, and by Eobert, 
a son of the former, all the estates of Wester 
Elchies were purchased (Epitaphs, i, 299). 

A handsome Episcopal Church, with par- 
sonage and orphanage, are being erected, at an 
estimated cost of from £5000 to £6000, a 
little to the south-east of Charlestown. The 
foundation stone of the church was laid in 
Sept. 1875, and that of the orphanage in 
June following. The church is dedicated to 
>S. Margaret, and the late Miss Macpherson- 
Grant of Aberlour House, and Mr. Grant of 
Carron, were the chief benefactors of both 
foundations. 

The mansion houses of Aberlour and Carron 
are beautifully situated on the Spey. the for- 
mer near the village of Charlestown, and the 
latter about two miles further up the river. 
John Grant of Culoabok had a feu-charter 
from the bishop of Moray, in 1541, of the 
lands of Carrone (Reg. Morav.) ; and from 
him, through a female, was descended Mr. 
William Grant, of Carron, who died un- 
married, 8th August, 1877. Aberlour was 
bought, in 1836, from Mr. James Gordon by 
Mr. Alex. Grant, a maternal uncle of the late 
proprietrix (Epitaphs, i. 332), who also erected 
the mansiou-house, &c. 

Benrinnes, one of the highest mountains in 
Banffshire, is situated chiefly in the parish of 
Aberlour, and the following local rhyme de- 
scribes the relative effects of clouds upon it, 
and on a hill in Boharm : — 

A cloud on Benrinnes may gae awa' ; 
But a cloud on Ben-Eagon will ha'e a fa'. 

A road from Charlestown to Glenrinnes and 
Glenlivat skirts the base of Benrinnes on the 



east ; and at Bateshaugh, in this locality, ISIrs. 
Glass or Sellar died, in March 1876, at 
the age of 102 years. 

The bridge of Craigellachie over the Spey, 
about 160 feet in span, was erected in 1815, 
at a cost of about £8000, the half of which 
was contributed by the Government. 

During the floods of August, 1829, the 
Spey rose 15i feet above its ordinary height, 
on which occasion (as related by Sir T. Dick 
Lauder), Charles Cruikshank, an innkeeper 
near the village, was drowned in attempting 
to save a raft of timber. The manse was in- 
undated at the same time, and part of the 
glebe and some houses and trees on the oppo- 
site side of the river were also swept away. 

It is said that the authoress of the popular 
song of " Pioy's Wife of Aldivalloch" was 
born at Aberlour. She was twice married, 
first to her own cousin, Mr. Grant of Carron, 
and next to Dr. Murray, at Bath, in England, 
where she died in 1814. Her portrait, which 
was exhibited in the fine collection of local 
pictures and antiquities during the sittings of 
the British Association at Aberdeen, in 1859, 
was an object of much interest. It belongs to 
the Earl of Seafield, and is at his residence of 
Castle Grant, in Strathspey. 

[Ins. compd. by Mr. Chas. Grant, late schoolmr.] 

JH i t> m it r. 

(S. NIDAN, CONFESSOR.) 

■GTpfHE earliest notice of Midmar occurs in 
•^ the Taxation of Scottish benefices, 
1275, thus — " Pensio Magistri W. in ecclesia 
de Migmar 8 sol. 8 den." (Theiner.) The 
kirk belonged to the cathedral of Aberdeen, 
and is rated (Reg. Ep. Abd.) at 6 merks. The 
Gaelic words Mngh-barr (the head of the 



MIDMAR. 



81 



plain) are quite descriptive of the situation of 
both the kirk and parish. 

One minister served Mydmar, Kynarny, 
Dilmaok, and Peterculter in 1574. Each 
parish had its own reader, Gilbert Johnstone 
being at IMidmar, and John Strachan, at Kin- 
erny. In 1743, when the parish of Kinorny 
"was suppressed, it was divided between Mid- 
mar and Cluny. 

The old church of Midmar is a roofless, 
picturesque ruin, and situated upon a hillock, 
which is washed on the north by a burn. 
Near the church is a larger knoll, called the 
Coningare, very similar to a hillock of the 
same name at Inverurie, and although said to 
be artificial there is little doubt but both were 
originally formed by the eddying of water and 
at some very remote period. 

The ruins of the old kirk are partially 
covered with ivy, and the churchyard is 
shaded by some old trees. Ujjon the lintel of 
one door is the date of 1G77, and upon another 
the initials A. F : I. V. 

The area of the church is divided into four 
comjjartments, three of which are set apart for 
the heritors of Corsindae, Kebbity, and Mid- 
mar, and the fourth for the parish ministers. 
In one of these a tablet bears : — 

THE BURIAL PLACE OF 

THE FAMILY OF KEBBITY, 1811. 
— John Davidson, who was an advocate in 
Aberdeen and factor for the laird of Corsindae, 
&c., bought the lands and built the house of 
Kebbity. He was succeeded by a relative, 
whose career was unfortunate, and the propertj' 
was sold bv him or his heirs to Mr. Gordon of 
Clnny. 

A granite monument, within the Corsindae 
burial place is thus inscribed : — 

Sacred to the memory of Catherine Duff, 
widow of the late William Stewart, Commander, 
R.N., died May lltb, 1844, aged 68. Also of 
Joseph Eolleston Sterritt - Duff, surgeou, 
E.N., of Corsindae, died November lf)th, ISCIJ, 



aged 70. Also of Patience Huddart Stbrritt- 
DuFF, of Coi-siiidae, widow of Joseph Rolleston 
Sterrit-Duff, died November 5th, 1874, aged 
74. Also of Catherine Elizabeth Mary Eeid- 
Ftffe-Duff, wife of William Johnstone Fyft'e, 
surgeon, H.M. 5th Dragoon Guards, and only 
child of Mi-s. Sterritt-Duff of Corsindae, died 
August 21st, 1859, aged 24. 
— A marble tablet, within the new church of 
Jlidmar, bears an inscription somewhat similar 
to the above, and Jlrs. Stewart, the first-men- 
tioned upon both monuments, may be said to 
have been the last Duff of Corsindae, the 
male succession having failed in her brother. 
Her daughter. Patience Huddart -n'as married 
— first to James Eeid, Lieutenant, R.N., whose 
name is not upon either monument ; and next, 
to Mr. Sterritt, who was a native of Ireland. 
She left no surviving issue by Mr. Sterritt, 
but had an only daughter by Mr. Eeid. This 
daughter married Dr. Fyffe, by whom she also 
left a daughter ; and upon the death of her 
grandmother, in 1874, Miss-Fj'ffe succeeded 
to Corsindae, and assumed the surname of 
Fyffe-Duff. 

The first Duff of Corsindae was James, 
eldest son of John Duff of Balmakellach, and 
nephew of Clunybeg. He was born in 1678, 
and commenced business as a merchant in 
Banff in 1700. Baird of Auchmeddan, in his 
" Genealogical Memoirs of the Duffs," says 
that his death, which took place in 1763, 
" made a great blank at Banff, where he was 
a sort of bank to all in distress." He was suc- 
ceeded by his son, William, who died in 1797, 
at the ago of 84. Corsindae was previously 
in the hands of the Forbeses, the first of whom, 
Duncan (son of the second Lord Forbes), 
married a daughter of Mercer of Ballieve, in 
Kinross-shire. 

In the east comparlment of the ruins of the 
old kirk lie the remains of Mr. James Mans- 
field, who bought the estate of Midmar, 
about 1795-6, and died at Midmar Castle on 
17 th December, 1823. He was sometime a 



82 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



banker, also a partner of the firm of Messrs. 
Bell, Reimie, and IMansficlcl, wine merchants, 
Edinburgh ; and so much did he improve the 
property of Midmar — which he found " in the 
most wretched and sterUe condition imagin- 
able," and not worth 5s. an acre — that it 
rented at from 30s. to 40s. about 1842-3, when 
it was bought from his heirs by the late Mr. 
Gordon of Climy. 

!Mr. Mansfield, who married an aunt of the 
present baronet of Horn and LogieElphin- 
stone, bought the property from his brother- 
in-law, Mr. James Elphinstone, who, on 30th 
September, 1790, married Margaret Davidson, 
heiress of ^lidmar. Her father, who was a 
merchant in, and sometime Provost of, Aber- 
deen, is said to have married a daughter of 
Forbes of Craigievar. 

The oldest gravestone in the cliureliyard of 
Midmar is a pick-dressed granite slab, upon 
which, surrounded by an inscription that has 
been lately retouched, are rude carvings of a 
skull, a thigh bone, a square, and a plummet. 
The inscription is as follows : — 

HEIR . LYIS •.• GEORG . BEL : MEASON •.• 
DECEISIT . IN : BALOGY : ANO : 1575. 

— This probably refers to the father of the 
builder of Castle Eraser, whose name, " I. bel . 
MM.EF," and the date of 1617, are upon the 
tower over the old front door. The castle of 
Midmar, which belongs to about the same 
period, was probably also erected by Bel. 

Five table-shaped and one head stone, on 
the south side of the kirk, contain inscriptions 
to a family named Tytler, who have tenanted 
the Milltown of Corsindae from at least 1696 ; 
and from whom, it is said, sprung the imme- 
diate ancestor of William Tytler, Lord Wood- 
houslee, the celebrated lawyer and antiquary. 
The oldest stone, which is broken and much 
defaced, is dated 1681. The next two oldest 
are thus inscribed :— 



Here lyes Barbara Skeen, spouse to John 
Tytler, Miln of Coi-sindae, who dyed Nov' 22'"', 
1725, aged 49 yeai-s, & John Tttler, ther son, 
who died Sept. 20"' 1728, aged 16 years. As also 
the foresaid John Tytler, husband to the said 
Barbai-a Skene, who died 23'' 3a.'^ 1762, aged 82. 

[2.] 

Here lies William Tttler, farmer in Wauk- 
mill of Corsindae, who departed this life March 
28, 1758, aged 68. As also Elizabeth Clerk, 
his spouse, who died 24 Nov' 1765, aged 71. 
Also loHN Tytler, there son, some time fai-mer 
in Pitteukerie, who died 4 July 1797, aged 74. 
Also Bardara, his daughter, who died 23 Jan. 
1807, aged 27 years. Memento Mores. 
Upon a more recent tomb : — 

To the memory of Harry Tytler, late mer- 
chaut in MUtowu of C'oi-siudae. He died 11th 
day of May in the year 1779, aged 64 years. 
While he lived he mantained the amiable charac- 
ter of an honest man, a sincere friend, an affec- 
tionate husband, and an indulgent parent ; and, 
by the blissing of Providence, upon his honest 
application to his bussiness, he attained a com- 
petent fortune, the inheritoi-s of which think it 
their duty to dedicate this to his memory. Also 
Barbara Tytler, his daughter, spouse to John 
Imray, baker and burgess in Aberdeen, who 
died the 27th of Aprile, in the year 1782, aged 
25 yeai-s. Also George, James, Ketty, and 
Jean Tytlers. 

A flat tombstone upon south side of kirkyard 
bears the following in incised capitals : — 

S. D. O. M : Hie mortalitatis posuit exuvias 
GuL. Meston, vir sine fuco plus, sine fraude pro- 
bus, supra nascendi soitem et diseendi copiam 
humanus, gnai-us et facetus, in arte sua paucis, 
in multiplici aliarum rerum peritia ordinis sm 
nemini secundus ; divitias nee habebat, nee care- 
bat, nee curabat, ideoque nee locuples, nee inops, 
sed semper contentus, nemini invisus quia omni- 
bus a;quus vixit. Fatis concessit X die Octobris 
A.D. MDCCXXIII, setat. suae LXXVIII, cum 
in honesto conjugio cum una et eadem consorte 
thalami Kathae Leonard, fajmina frugi et 
honesta, (quse hie una requiescit in Domino), 
A.D. annos L, vixisset ; in quorum memoriam 
raonumentum hoc posuerunt eorundum filii, 
cippum superiorem Gul. Meston, fihus natu 
maximus, A.M.,in Academia Mareschalana P.P., 
inferiorem lac. Meston natu minor. Beata est 
justi memoria. 

[Here lie the mortal remams of William 



MIDMAR. 



83 



Meston, a man of true piety and genuine wortli, 
of a culture and refinement beyond the station of 
his birth and his opportunities of learning, shrewd 
and full of humour, inferior to few in his own 
profession, and second to none of his order in the 
variety and extent of his general knowledge. 
Wealth he neither had, nor wanted, nor cared 
for ; and accordingly he passed through life 
neither rich nor poor, but always contented, dis- 
liked by none, because just to all. He died 10th 
Oct. 1723, aged 78, having lived 50 yeai-s in hon- 
ourable wedlock with one and the same wife, 
Kath. Leonard, a worthy and virtuous woman 
(who rests here in the Lord, beside him). This 
monument was erected to their memory by 
their sous, the upper stone by their eldest son, 
William Meston, A.M., professor in Marischal 
College, and the lower by their youngest son, 
James Meston. The memory of the just is 
blessed.] 

— William ^Meston, the writer of tlie above 
elegant inscription, was author of burlesque 
poems of great merit, in the style of Hudi- 
bras, of which The Knight of the Kirk, Old 
Mother Grim's Tales, Mob contra jNIob, &c., 
were published at Edinburgh in 1767. Ac- 
cording to the account of Meston's Life, which 
is prefixed to this, the 2nd edition of his poems, 
he was bom in Midmar in 1688, where his 
father was a blacksmith. He was educated at 
Marischal College, and became tutor in the 
family of Earl Marischal, through whose in- 
fluence he was appointed to the chair of Philo- 
sophy in his alma mater, in 1714. Follow- 
ing his noble patron in the luckless enterprise 
of 1715, he became governor of Dunnottar 
Castle ; and after the battle of Sheriffmuir, 
lay in hiding till the Act of Indemnity was 
published. He afterwards resided with the 
family of his patron ; but on the death of the 
Countess Marischal, he became homeless and 
destitute. He then resumed teaching at Elgin, 
TurriflP, Montrose, and Perth, and various 
other places, but meeting with indifferent suc- 
cess he removed to Aberdeen, where he died 
in 1745, and was buried in the Spital burying- 
ground. The first edition of Meston's poems 
(now rare) appeared at London, in 1737. 



LTpon a flat stone, near the Meston tomb : — 

To the memory of Charles Mackay of Shiels, 
who died at Shiels, the 29th Oct., 1794, aged 65, 
and who for many yeara commanded a merchant 
ship in the West India Trade, from the port of 
London : — 
Both hot and cold, thro' every clime I've gone. 
And felt the fierce extreme of either Zone ; 
Twice twenty times and eight the Atlantic 

cross'd ; 
With many Boisterous storms I have been toss'd. 
Few of my fellow travellers lived to see 
So many days as God has granted me : 
Through all those storms and dangers I have past. 
To this safe port I am arrived at last. 
The wind may blow, the sea may rage and roar, 
They never can disturb me any more. 
The above lines, written by himself, were ordered 
to be engraved on his Tomb Stone, erected to his 
memory by his widow, Mrs. Barbara Mackay, 
as a tribute of regard to her much respected hus- 
band. She died the 20th December 1813, aged 
70, and her remains are also deposited under this 
stone. 

— Shiels is a small property upon tlie north- 
west of the parish. It belonged at one time 
to a cadet of Forbes of Midmar, and is now a 
portion of the estate of Gordon of Cluny. 

The next five inscriptions are from monu- 
ments in various parts of the churchyard : — 

Here lyes Johx Law, son to Brazil Law, 
Wright in Shiels, who departed this life, Novem- 
ber the 14th, 17(34, aged 27 years. 

The following is the first part of a long in- 
scription to a family who bore the odd name of 
Sillie, one of whom was a tenant in the 
" Brays of Ballogie" in 1696 : — 

[2.] 
Under the hope of a full resurrection, b... lyes 
Andrew Sillie, tailor at Ballogie, and Beatrix 
Georg his spouse, who dep' this life in a good 

old age, anno 1684 

[3.] 
Here lys Isobbl Mackay, spouse was to John 
Iruin, shoemaker, who died May the 10"" 1769, 
aged 32 years. 

[4.] 
Alex. Malcolm, Scrapehard, Kemuay, d. 
1808, a. 78 : — 
To his family it is the greatest consolation that 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



in the course of so long a life he uniformly sup- 
jjorted the character of an honest man. 
[5.] 
In memory of Alexander Cook, student of 
medicine, youngest son of the late Rev. Dr. John 
Cook, Professor of Divinity, St. Andrews, who 
died at Midmar, 31st August, 1839, aged 18 years. 

— An elder brother of Mr. C, now at Kin- 
cardine CiSTeil, was minister of Midmar at 
the above date. 

A table-shaped stone of white marble (en- 
closed) at east end of the kirk, bears : — 

Sacred to the memory of John Cruickshank, 
Esqviire, who departed this life, Jan. 21st A.n. 
1834, aged 21 years. Also of Eliza Greentree 
or Cruickshank, his mother, widow of the late 
Dr. John Cruickshank, H.E.I.C.S., who died 7th 
December, 1856, aged 68 years. 
■ — This lady, who left her fortune to Mr. John 
Hay, sometime medical practitioner, Edit, 
stipulated that he should pay an annual visit 
to her grave. He afterwards joined the 
F. & K. Militia Artillery, and latterly be- 
came farmer of Monyruy, Longside, where he 
died in 187:2, in his 49th year. By his last 
will he restored the money which he received 
from ilrs. Cruickshank to her heirs, Major 
and Miss Greentree, and left the remainder of 
his estate to private friends, to the Infirmary, 
and to some other of the public institutions of 
his native city of Aberdeen. 

The present church of Midmar was built in 
1784, and the beU now in use, which was 
brought from the kirk of Kinerny, is thus in- 
scribed : — 

PETER . lANSEN . ANNO . 16i2. 
The church is upon the highest point of a 
rising ground to the north of the old kirkyard, 
and on the south-east side of the kirk are the 
remains of a stone circle. It is about 54 feet 
in diameter, and composed of seven large 
stones. Six of these are upright, and vary 
from about 4 to 9 feet in height, the seventh, 
which lies upon its side, is about 15 feet in 
length. The districts both of Midmar and 



Edit contain a number of ancient circles, one 
at Sinhinny, Midmar, being quite perfect ; 
but all have either been already described or 
engraved in various publications. 



It is supposed that Midmar formed part of 
the old Earldom of Mar. In 13G8, long 
after the attainder of the Earls of Mar, a 
family named Brown, one of whom became 
Bishop of Dunkeld, 1484, was designed " de 
Migmar." Browns held Midmar until 1428, 
when the barony passed by charter to Patrick 
Ogilvy (Notes of Scotch Charters, MS.) It 
afterwards became Huntly property, and was 
given by the first Marquis to his son, Sir 
Alexander, the founder of the Gordons of 
Abergeldie. 

Midmar Castle, of which Billings gives a 
line engraving, and by whom it is described as 
" one of the most picturesque and fanciful of 
the turreted mansions of Scotland," stands 
upon the north side of the Hill of Fare. This 
hill was the scene of the battle of Corrichie, 
in 1562, where Queen Mary's forces (under her 
own eye, as tradition has it) were overthrown, 
and where her friend, the Earl of Huntly, died, 
whether by foul or fair means is uncertain, 
but there, as quaintly expressed by a contem- 
porary writer, he " birstit and swelt" and " de- 
ceissit." 

Forbes of Ballogie (uow Midmar) joined the 
Popish party against James VI., and like the 
rest of his confederates, had his dwelling- 
place burned and destroyed by order of the 
king, in 1593. The more ancient, or turreted 
portion of the castle, cannot therefore be of a 
date anterior to that event ; most probably 
it was built some years later, and possibly, as 
before indicated, by a local craftsman. 

Before 1732 Midmar belonged to one 
Grant, who, in the hope of founding a family, 
changed the name to Grantsfield. As in 



KINKRNY. 



85 



many simOar cases, Grant's liopes were 
blighted, tlie property came into other hands, 
and towards the close of the same century, it 
was called by its present name of Midmar. 

Although the noble family of Lindsay, 
Earls of Crawford, acquired property in this 
part of Aberdeenshire only at a recent date, it 
appears that their ancestor, Sir Alexander 
Lindsay, lord of Gleuesk, had a considerable 
interest in Midmar during the 14th century. 
So early as 1380 Sir Alexander granted char- 
ters to Strachan of Carmyllie, in Angus, of 
the lands of Tulybrothlock, Tulynahiltis, and 
Bandodyl, all of which the Strachans retained 
until the beginning of the 16th century. 

[Ins. compd. by Mr. Haqier, schoolmr., Clunj^] 

^ i n c r n ]). 

(S. ) 

THOMAS DE LUNDIX, or Hostiarius, 
gave the kirk of K>jnermjn to the Abbey 
of Arbroath, 1178-1211. It belonged to the 
cathedral of Aberdeen, and is rated at 4 merks 
(Eeg. Ep. Abd. ; sujjra, 81). 

The church of Kin-er-nyn (as the name im- 
plies) occupied a rising ground by the side of 
the romantic and picturesque burn that sepa- 
rates the parishes of Midmar and Edit. Its 
foundations are still traceable, and some large 
trees grow within the area, where there is also 
a font stone of a very primitive type, the 
basin being hewn out of a rude oblong granite 
boulder. 

The churchyard was recently enlarged, and 
the dykes put into a state of good repair. A 
rough granite stone (cof&n-shaped), upon which 
are rudely carved (in relief) a skull and crossed 
bones, a coffin, a sand glass, and a mattock 
and spade, is the oldest monument. Bound 



the margin is the following incised, but date- 
less, inscription : — 

HERE LYES ALEXR. SYMONE WHO DEPAIBTED THIS 
LIFE AT HOLE OF ECHT SEPTR. 

Upon a tablestone (enclosed) : — 

Sacred to the memory of the EeV* George 
MiDDLETON", late minister of Midmar, who 
departed this life on the 24th day of Decembei-, 
1836, in the 84th year of his age, and 45th year 
of his ministry. Also of Margaret Tod, his 
spouse, who died on the 18th of August 1847, 
aged 74. 

— According to Scott's Fasti, Mr. Middleton 
was previously married to a lady who died in 
1802, when in her nineteenth year. Mr. M.'s 
immediate predecessor in Midmar was the Eev. 
Dr. John Ogilvt, who died at Aberdeen in 
1813, at the age of 81, and was buried in 
the churchyard of St. Nicholas. He wrote 
Britannia, an epic poem, in twenty books, and 
several other works. 
From a granite headstone : — 

Sacred to the memory of James Torn, bom 
21st AprO, 1787, died 17th November, 1863, for 
32 years ground officer on the Barony of Echt. 
Erected in token of esteem and remembrance by 
his Friend and Miister, Alexander, Lord Lindsay. 
" The just man walketh in his integrity : His 
children are blessed after him." — Prov. xx. 17. 

— The erector of this monument (author of 
the Lives of the Lindsays, and many other 
works of great literary merit), succeeded his 
father, in 18G9, as Earl of Crawford and Bal- 
carres, and Premier Earl of Scotland. 
L'^pon a plain headstone : — 

HERE LIES ANN 06STON, AGED 72, NOV. 27, 1823. 

W. H. h. filius fecit . 

A handsome monument of white marble, 
" erected by their family," records the deaths 
of WiLLiAJi Scott Hay, minister at Bridge of 
Weir and Midmar, who died in 1851, his 
wife Janet Babe, who died in 1853, and of 
three daughters and one son. 

A table-shaped stone shows that Robert 
Mutch died in 1813, aged 93, and his wife 
Maejoey Eaiknie in 1799, aged 72. Their 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS . 



son William, blacksmith at Kebbity, died in 
1821, aged 62, and their daughter Isabel, in 
1844, aged 72. 

Two adjoining headstones are respectively 
inscribed as follows : — 

A. F. Here lys Alexander Foot, who departed 
this life, 18th Feb., 1754, aged 28 years. 

[2.] 
In memory of Jean Davidson, wife of James 
Foote, who died 3rd March, 1808, aged 69 years. 
Likewise James Foote, her husband, died 4th 
June, 1820, aged 75 yeare. Also James Foote, 
their son, who died iu London, 17th March, 1830, 
in his 31st year, and lies in the Vault of St 
Peter's Church, Belgrave Square, London. Tliis 
stone is erected by Elizabeth Foote, widow of the 
above James Foote, junior. 

From another headstone : — 

In memory of George Leith, bora 1771, died 
1843, buried at Aberdeen, and of his wife 
Elizabeth Gumming, born 1796, died 1865, 
buried here. Erected by their son, John Watson 
Leith, A.M., Edin. 



Arthur Eoss, who became Archbishop of St. 
Andrews, was at one time minister of Kinerny. 
Being of a haughty and supercilious disposi- 
tion, he was far from popular in the Church, 
and it is related (Douglas' East Coast, 253) 
that when one of his successors at Kinerny 
waited upon him with the view of getting an 
increase to liis small stipend, his lordship) 
replied by saying — " You country clergymen 
should learn to moderate your desires. I know 
what it is to live in the country. When I 
was minister of your parish I could afford a 
bottle of good malt liquor, and a roasted fowl 
for my Sunday's dinner, and I see not to what 
further you are entitled." Upon receiving 
this answer, it is said that the poor incumbent 
withdrew from the presence of the Archbishop, 
muttering — " It would have been no great loss 
to the Church of Scotland though Your Grace 
had yet been eating roasted hens at Kinernie." 

[Ins. compd. by Mr. Hosie, schoolmr., Miduiar.] 



Cliitt 

(S, MOLOCH, BISHOP AND CONFESSOR.) 

TN 1157 Pope Adrian IV., confirmed Glut 
'*■' (pron. Clett), with its church, &c., to the 
Ijishop of Aberdeen; and in 1256 it was 
erected into a prebend of Old Machar. The 
confirmation of the Pope had possibly been 
made upon the faith of the spurious charter of 
the time of King David, by which the parish, 
as the " schira do Clat " was given to Aber- 
deen (Eeg. Ep. Abdn.) 

The church of Clath is rated at 1 6 merks iu 
the Old Taxation. In 1574 Clatt and three 
adjoining parishes were served by one minister, 
who had £65 15s. 0§d. and kirklands. The 
reader had £16 Scots. 

William Gordon, fourth son of the third 
Earl of Huntly, who became Bishop of Aber- 
deen about 1546, and died in 1577, was pre- 
viously minister of Clatt. Spottiswood de- 
scribes him as a " very epicure," who 
squandered the revenues of the See, " upon his 
base children and their mothers ;" and adds 
ihat he was " a man not worthy to be placed 
in this Catalogue " of Bishops. 

The old baptismal font, which is circular in 
form, lies in the kirkyard. The belfry is 
dated 1640 ; and the church, which is an old 
building, has been often repaired. When the 
seats were removed in 1779, "a neat tablet of 
freestone, about three feet square, with side 
columns and a cornice, was found. In the 
middle, in profile, are effigies of our Saviour 
on the cross, with the initials I. N. E. I. 
on the top, painted in vermlUion, azure, and 
gold." This relic which is now lost, had pro- 
bably been part of an altar piece, possibly 
similar to the one at Kinkell (Epitaphs, i. 304). 

Upon a timber panel within the church are 
carved a pair of compasses and a square, the 



CLATT. 



87 



initials I. A., also the following inscription 
in relief, and in interlaced Eoman capitals : — 

WILL : ARCnnALD, SOMETIME IN MILN OF CLATE 
LEFTS 50 MARKS TO HELPE TO BUILD THIS LOFT 
FOR THE USE OF THE FOORE, 173S. 

— The loft or gallery was rebuilt by the kirk- 
session, when the kirk was repaired in 1828. 

The Gordons of Knockespock have a burial 
vault at Clatt, over which is a granite obelisk 
with the following inscription, in which there 
is a slight error, Mr. H. Gordon having died 
1st Nov., 18.36, instead of "in Oct., 1837" :— 

Sacred to the meraory of Harry Gordon, 
Esqr., of Kjiockespock, who died in Oct., 1837, 
aged 75 years; and of his p.areiits. Colonel Harry 
Gordon of Knockespock, who died in North 
America, in 1787, and of Hannah Meredith, 
his wife, who died in 1811. Also in memory of 
their sons, Peter Gordon, who died in Grenada, 
in 1787 ; James Gordon, who died in London, in 
1831 ; General Adam Gordon, who died in 1815 ; 
and of their daughter, Hannah, who died in 
1827.. This monument was erected by Hannah 
Gordon, daughter of the above named Harry 
Gordon, in 1854. 

— The erector of the monument married Cap- 
tain, now Admiral Fellowes, and upon the 
death of the late proprietor, Sir Henry Percy 
Gordon, she succeeded to the estates, in virtue 
of her descent from the third brother of James 
Gordon, a reputed descendant of the old stock, 
who was a successful merchant in the Island 
of St. Kitts, in the West Indies. He is said 
to have bought the lands of Knockespock and 
Dalpersie, of which he designated an entail, 
" by procuratory," 29th Feb., 17-H-, exclud- 
ing " for ever" his second brother George and 
his heirs. James Gordon died in 1770, and 
was succeeded by his third brother. Colonel 
Heney, who died in 1787. The second son 
of the latter, who was the father of the erector 
of the monument in the churchyard of Clatt, 
died in 1837, and having no male issue was 
succeeded by James Adam Bremner, who as- 
sumed the name and arms of Gordon, his 
great-grandfather, Avho was farmer of Towie, 



in Clatt, having married the eldest sister of 
James Gordon of St. Kitts. 

The eldest son of James Bremner, and his 
wife Margaret Gordon, became a judge in 
Grenada, and his son married a daughter of 
Mr. Whitbread, M.P., by whom he had the 
above-named James-Adam B. -Gordon. Mr. 
Gordon, who was patron of " Thorn, the In- 
verurie Poet," died in 1854 Avithout issue, 
when the succession devolved upon Sir Henry 
Percy Gordon, Bart., who died 29th Jul}% 
1876, while on a visit to his son-in-law. Col. 
Disney Leith, at Blackhall, near Banchory- 
Ternan (Epitaphs, i. 229). 

Sh Henry was the great grandson of William 
Grant and his wife Barbara, youngest sister of 
James Gordon of St. Kitts; and their son, in 
pursuance of the testamentary injunction of 
his maternal uncle, drojit the surname of 
Grant, and assumed that of Gordon. He was 
a captain in the navy, and his eldest son, 
Gen. James Willoughby Gordon, who was 
created a baronet in 1818, Avas the father of 
Sir Henry, and of a daughter, Julia-Emily. 

The Gordons of Knockespock and Dalpersie 
or Tcrpersie, claim descent from William, 
eighth son of James Gordon of Lesmore, and 
his second wife, Margaret Ogilvy, 1546-7. 
James Gordon of Knockespock, who married, 
about 1590, Margaret, daughter and heiress 
of William Gordon of Foquhabris, had confir- 
mation charters of the barony of Clatt, about 
1604. It afterwards became the property of 
Gordon of Glenbucket, the laird of that place 
having been served heir to his father, John of 
Knockespock, in 1705. The Gordons joined 
in the Bebellion of 1715, and the name of 
their property is thus mentioned in the fine 
Jacobite song of Highland Harry : — • 
" I wad gie a' Knockhaspie's land. 
For Highland Harry back again." 

The house of Knockespock (? the Bishop's 
hillock) is a pretty old building, situated upon 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



the north side of the Suie hill ; and the castle 
of Dalpersie, of which Billings gives two 
views, stands in a lonely glen on the opposite 
side of the same mountain, but within the 
parish of Tullynessle. 

The most prominent feature in connection 
with Knockespock is the porter's lodge or 
gateway, which was erected in the time of 
Sir Henry's predecessor." It has very much 
the appearance of a Border Tower, and being 
lofty and turreted, it imparts a pleasing variety 
to the locality in which it is situated. 

A table-shaped stone at the east end of the 
kirk of Clatt, relates to the Breraners above 
referred to. The first portion of the following 
inscription is round the margin, the other 
upon the face of the stone : — 

HEIR LYES lOHN BREMNER, WHO DEPARTED THIS 
LTFE OCTOBER 1702, AND HIS SOXS, W. B. WHO 
DEPD. 1687, AN . . . B . 1704 .... 

HEAR LYES ELSPET BREMER, SPOUS TO JOHN 
BREMNER WHO DEPD. JUNE 6, 17 . . HERE LTES 
WILLIAM BREMNER, WHO DEPD. lANRY. 1664, AND 
HIS SPOVS ELSPET OILVER IN 16 . . 

— John Bremner, probably the same person 
who is recorded upon the above tombstone, 
was a tenant upon Lord Forbes's property in 
Clatt, in 1696. His wife was named Elspet 
Rainy (Poll Book). 
Upon a slab, recently found : — 

W. F. M. M. E. F.: I . . 

MORS JANUA VIT.E. 

Here lyes William Forsyth, who dyed Jan. 
the . . 1697, & of e 92 yea . 

. & his S . . S . DRIAN .... ORE & 

Ja ALL ... & also . . . 

. LLiAM . . ORSYTH, black . . . th in . 
. . lyangus, his so . wlio died . . . eby 
1734, aged .... Margt. Matheson, his 
spouse . . . aged 88. M. O. 1725 

— William Forsyth, blacksmith, on the land 
of Telongouss (now Tillyangus), his wife 
Margaret Mathisone, and their female servant, 
who bore the same name as her mistress, are 
all charged Poll in 1696. At that time the 
property of Tillyangus belonged to William 



Forbes, who resided there along with " his 
lady and daughter," and two male and two 
female servants. Tillyangus was then valued 
at £125 Scots. Besides the long ages in the 
above inscription, in regard to more modern 
times, it may be stated that on 3rd and 4th 
November, 1825, two men on the estate of 
Knockespock, named John Scott and George 
Cooper, died respectively at the ages of 100 
and 103 years (Scots Magazine). 

Bound the edge, and upon the face of a fiat 
stone, near the east door of the kirk, is the 
following : — 

HERE LTIS 

. . . . ARTED THIS LYFE JULY 17, 1689. 

HERE LTES ALE . . . COUPER .... 
THIS LIFE MAR. 1730, AGED 83 YEARS. ALSO OF 
ELSPET COUTS, WHO DEPD. THIS LIFE FEBR. 15, 
1727, AGED 75 TEARS. 

— The above is the oldest of a number of 
tombstones which relate to a family named 
Couper or Cooper, who are said to have 
settled at Mill of Birkeiibrowl in Auchindoir, 
soon after the battle of Alford. It was prob- 
ably the above-named Elspet Coutts, who is 
described in the Poll Book of 1696, as the 
wife of James Couper, tenant in the " towne 
of Cleatt." The family, who are mentioned 
in a local doggerel as " the Coopers o' Clatt," 
went to Wraes in Kinnethmont, before 1720, 
and a descendant, who is laird of North Bal- 
gaveny in Forgue, and a brother of Mr. P. 
Cooper, advocate, Aberdeen, still occupies 
the farm of Wraes. 

There is no mention of the " headhouse," 
or hostelry of Clatt, nor of its tenant, in the 
Poll Book, although the following inscription 
preserves both these particulars :^ 

Here 1 . . . na Clerk, spous to Alex' Temple, 
who depd. this life Apr. 19th, 1721 ; and Eo. . . 
Tem ... 30. . . . and El. Tempil, Jar. 28, 
1713 ; and Bar. T. Mar. 27, 1720 ; N. T. Novr, 
the 5 1721 : and the sd. Albxr. Temple, who 
lived in Headhouse of Clatte, and died 24 Jan. 
1747. 



CLATT. 



89 



Upon a table-shaped stone : — • 

Here lyes John Wilson, sometime mercliant 
in C'latt, who died Nouer. 2th, 1732, aged 71 
years. And his spouss Christen Touer, who 
deid June 24th, 1742, aged 61 yeai-s. Done by 
Geo. Wilson, his son. Memento mori. 
— The surnames of Wilson and Tower occur 
in the Poll-Book. The Wilsons are stUl re- 
presented in the district, and besides the in- 
scription above quoted, several others in the 
churchyard of Clatt relate to the same race. 

The next sis inscriptions are from different 
parts of the burial ground : — 

Here lyes in hopes of a glorious I'esurrection 
John Smith, sometime farmer in Myitis, who 
dyed April 9, 1754, aged 66, lawfuU husband to 
Bessy Bruce. 

[2.] 

Here lyes James Neill, sometime farmer in 
Suiefoot, dyed 1738, and Jannet Bettib, his 
spouse, dyed 1757, and their son John Neil, 
chapman, died in town of Clatt, May the 1st, 
1 759, aged 28 yeai-s. Done by the care of James 
Neil, his brother. Mors Janua VitM. 

[3.] 

Here lyes Thomas Laing, sometime in Neu- 
biggeng, who died Oct' 13, 1765, aged 85, and 
Isobele Nill, his spouse, died May 12, 1758, 
aged 60, who bare to him iiue sous and one 
daughter, James, Wm., Johu, Thos., Patrick, 
and Bai'bra. 

[4.] 

Here lyes Iames Hogq, who lined in Saudliols. 
He died Feb. 22th, 1756, aged 73 years, laeful 
husband to Margt. Robertson. Don at the care 
of John Hood his son. 

The Ilev. Wm. Goixlou, minister of Clatt, 
made this stone be placed here to the memory of 
his spouse, Anne Gordon, who died March 10th, 
1801, in the 35th year of her age. And of their 
only child, Alex.4.nder, who died May lOth, 
1810, aged 10 yeai-s. The said fiev. W. Gordon, 
died Jiuiuarj 11th, 1820, in the 69th year of his 
age. 

— Mr. Gordon was previously schoolmaster at 
Clatt. His immediate predecessor in the 
church, Mr. Findlaj"-, left mortifications to the 
parish, and to Marisohal College, Aberdeen. 



[6.] 
lu memory of James Goiidon Murray. He 
died at Knockespock, June 10, 1835, aged 18 
yeare. Done by instructions of his father, James 
Murray, many years servant to the late Harry 
Gordon, and James Adam Gordon, (and to Sir 
Henry P. Gordon, Bai-t.), Esquires of Knockes- 
pock. [His dr. Jane, d. 1849, a. 22 ; son Harry, 
d. 1855, a. 29, and his wife, in 1871, aged 82.] 



The two sculptured stones at Clatt are en- 
graved by the Spalding Club, and the pre- 
historic remains which have been found in the 
jjarish are noticed in the New Statistical Ac- 
count, in which are also told the stories of the 
deadly conflict which is said to have taken 
place between the Forbeses and the Gordons 
at Till3'angus, and the massacre of a number 
of the latter within the hall of Castle Forbes. 

In 1172-99, the Mill of Clatt was given by 
Matthew, Bishop of ii.berdeen, to his founda- 
tion of the Hospital of St. Peter of that city. 
In 1.511, the Mill was in the joint occupation 
of William Michael and Mariot Clat, a widow, 
who each paid a chalder of victual, a fat pig, 
and twelve capons annually. 

The surname of Clat, which was pretty 
common in Aberdeenshire in early times, had 
probably been assumed from this parish. John 
Clat, prebendary of Glenbervy, and a canon 
of the cathedral of Brechin, who, in the year 
1459, fonnded and endowed in the church of 
St. Nicholas, Aberdeen, a charity dedicated to 
S. Thomas the Martyr, was possibly one of 
the best known of his name in old times 
(Reg. Abdn.) His contemporary, Duncan of 
Clatt, who was Dean of Guild of Aberdeen in 
the years 1448 and 1451, was also a consider- 
able benefactor to the same church. Some 
notices will be found of the Dean in Mr. 
Alex. Walker's interesting account of the 
Deans of Guild of Aberdeen from 1436 to 1875 
(privately printed, Abdn., 1875). 

In 1501, Wm. Bishop of Aberdeen, had a 



90 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



royal charter creating the village or town of 
Clatt into a free burgh of barony, with the 
right and privilege of appointing baillies, and 
holding weekly and yearly markets. The 
weekly fairs were held on Tuesdays, and the 
yearly fairs, which lasted for eight days, bore 
the name of Moloch, the titular saint of the 
parish. After this date a number of burgage 
tenants appear, who held under the Bishop, 
and among the holdings specified are those of 
the Diera-house, Brew-house, the Mill, &c. 
TUlyangus also belonged to the Bishops of 
Aberdeen, and in 1.511, one. of their tenants 
who bore the name of Christie Tumanguse 
may have been a descendant of one of the 
early vassals (Antiq. Abd., Bff., iv. 494). 

A chalybeate spring, called " The Holy 
Well," is at the source of the Gaudy, a stream 
celebrated in Scottish song, which runs " at 
the back o' Benachie." The Gaudy is crossed 
in this parish, by two stone bridges. 

A rough road crosses the Suie Hill by 
Tullynessle to Alford. The_ highest point of 
the Suie is 1281 '8 feet above sea level; and 
the Hill of Coreen is said to be 1 688 feet in 
height. 

[Ins. compd. by the Rev. Mr. Minto, schoolmr.] 



letting. 

(S. BRIDGET, VIRGIN.) 

trpTHE kirk of Ketmjs, which is said to have 
•^ had sis chapels dependent upon it, be- 
longed to the diocese of St. Andrews, and was 
dedicated by Bishop David, in 1249. The 
church is rated at 55 merks in the Old Taxa- 
tion, but there is no mention of any of its 
chapels. 

The fruits and revenues of the kirk appear 
to have been early granted to the Hospital or 



Dumns Dei of Berwick ; and in the time of 
Robert III., these were transferred to the 
Trinity Friars of Dundee, upon condition that, 
so long as the revenues could not be uplifted 
by the Hospital of Berwick, the town and 
castle being then in the hands of the English, 
the Trinity Friars of Dundee were allowed to 
keep possession (Reg. Mag. Sigill., 202). 

It also appears that the patronage and teinds 
of Kettins belonged at one time to the church 
of Peebles, for in 1536, Sir James Paterson, 
minister of Peebles and " rector of Ketnes," 
with consent of his brother " of the Cors Kirk 
of Pebles," granted and confirmed a lease of 
the teind sheaves of the parish, those of Bal- 
goyff and the mill excepted, to George Hali- 
burton of the Gask, Sande Ratyrry, and 
Richerd Small. These parties, who were pre- 
viously "fermorarers of the Kirk of Ketnis," 
agreed, on the penult of January, 1536, to 
give four merks yearly out of the same to 
" Shir Dauid Jak" for the period of five years 
for " his thankfull seruice & laubouris done 
for vs at our command to the minister of 
Pebles" (s. Appendix). 

We have seen no mention of this connection 
between Kettins and Peebles in any history 
of either parish, and are not aware at what 
period, or bj' what means, the teinds and 
patronage of the former were lost to the latter ; 
but so late as February, 1800, when the Rev. 
Mr. Symers was nominated to the church of 
Kettins by the Crown, the Magistrates and 
Town Council of Peebles presented another 
person to the living. Mutual memorials were 
presented to the Court of Session, who, after 
enquiry, found for the Crown, and on 7th 
May, 1801, Mr. Symers was duly ordained to 
the charge. Tradition says that Peebles lost 
its right by proscription, in consequence of not 
having exercised it for a long period of years. 
The churches of Kettins, Bendochy, and 
Collace, were all served by James Anderson, 



KETTINS. 



91 



as minister, in 1574, and James Jamieson, 
was reader or schoolmaster at Kettins. Sir 
Patrick Maule of Panmure, and his brother, 
William, both received their first education at 
the school of Kettins, the former having been 
born in 1548, at the Mill of Pitcur, in the 
house of his grandmother, Janet Ogstouu, 
widow of Sir George Ha) ly burton of Pitcur 
{Reg. de Panmure). 

The Hallyburtons had their burial place 
within the south aisle of the kirk, and Col. 
James Hallyburtox, the last male descendant 
of his race, who died in 1765, was the last in- 
terred there. He left a daughter and heiress, 
Agatha, who married the fourteenth Earl of 
Morton. Her grandson, who was a brave 
naval officer, succeeded to Pitcur, and as he 
died unmarried, the estates passed to his aunt, 
the Lady Mary, second wife of the fourth 
Earl of Aboyne, and mother of the late Lord 
Douglas Gordon-Hallyburton, M.P. Lord 
Hallyburton's nephew. Lord John- Frederick, 
a Vice-Admiral of the navy, is now in posses- 
sion. Like his predecessors in the lands of 
Pitcur, his Lordship assumes the name and 
arms of Halhjhurton. He is the third son of 
the 5th Earl of Aboyne, and 9th Marquis of 
Huntly, and was sometime M.P. for Forfar- 
shire. He married Lady Augusta Fitzclarence, 
vi'idow of Mr. J. Kennedy-Eiskine of Dun, 
but having no issue, Pitcur falls to his Lord- 
ship's nephew, the present Marquis of Huntly 
(Epitaphs, i. 221). 

The Hallyburtons acquired the lands of 
Pitcur about 1432, the second son of Hally- 
burton, the first Lord Dirleton, having mar- 
ried Catherine Chisholm, the heiress. Tlie 
Cliisholms were possibly a branch of the 
northern clan of that name, as it appears from 
a charter granted by the Duke of Albany, that 
INIargaret de le Ard of Ercles was the mother 
of Thomas of Chisholm, who succeeded her in 
the barony of Cask, in Kettins (Rob. Index). 



Some of the Hallyburtons of Pitcur were 
provosts of Dundee, and took a leading part 
in the Reformation movements. One of them, 
who accompanied Claverhouse to Killiecrankie, 
is said to have been so corpulent that on leap- 
ing upon his horse he broke its back ! It is 
said that he swore no horse could be found 
that would carry him, biit Graham having 
procured one sufficiently strong from Pattullo 
of Kinochtry, Pitcur went to Killiecrankie, 
where he fell, as quaintly told in a ballad 
regarding the battle, and, according to tradi- 
tion, by the musket shot of his own ser- 
vant : — 

The great Pitcvir fell in a fur, 
An' Clavere got a crankie ; 

An' there they fed the Athol gled 
On the braes o' EHUiecrankie. 

The story of Pitcur's great size and corpu- 
lency is corroborated by contemporary record. 
In the Memoirs of Dundee (London, 1714, 
p. 27), he is described as " like a moving 
castle in the shape of a man, [and as one who] 
threw fire and sword on all sides against his 
enemy." His epitaph, which also contains an 
allusion to his gigantic stature, is preserved in 
Maidment's Scotish Elegiac Verses (p. 71), 
and is as follows : — 

Tho' souls, these sacred things, ne'r measured were 

By inch and elme, as duller bodies are ; 

Tho' great souls have not always been design'd 

To be with greater earthly bodies join'd. 

Yet here, to his most stately outward frame. 

Nature conjoined a most seraphic fiame, 

A soul so pure to sense so uncontin'd, 

That tho' his flesh and blood had still combin'd 

To make him stay at home at ease to live, 

These carnal notions he would ne'er believe. 

But when he saw religion in the caus, 

And loyaltie expiring with our lawes, 

Nothing was hard to him, but straight he went 

And join'd Dundee, the Scot's great ornament. 

Great was his life, for's death he'l happy lye, 

^Vho, serving Church and State, did noble die. 

The parish church, which was built ia 1768, 
was repaired and enlarged some years ago. It 
stands within the churchyard, which is plea- 
santly situated upon the west side of the burn. 



92 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRTPTIONS : 



and in the neighbourhood of the village of 
Kettins. The burial ground has been recently 
put into good order. A freestone monument 
fixed into the west wall of the kirk bears this 
inscription : — 

Deo gi-atiosus : Hoc pree lapide memoriali 
praecincti jacent ciiieres revereudi piiq' Mri Ja- 
coBi Gray, qui, religiosissimum Christi Evange- 
lium, separatus dilucide reseravit, primuni 
apud Kinlooh, per annos XX menses V, deiu 
apud Ketins, annos XXVI mensesq' IV. Hie 
vitij censor, virtutis patronus fuit et comes, fidei 
sacr£e neouou disciplinas vindex, omnibus in 
officiis sedulus, rudes instruxit, avios reduxit, 
peccantes increpuit, bonos probavit, veri cultor 
indefessus, bis maritus, liberis et partechis cha- 
rus, pastor emeritus, e vivis placide recessit post 
septuaginta et binos annos mensis Martij die 
XVII, A.D. MDCCXLIII. Hoc mnemosyuon, 
Christiana Arbuthnot, ejus relicta improlis, et 
Elizabetha, filia sola superstes conjux Gulielmi 
Morisoa de Naughton, D.D.D.Q. 

[Before this memorial stone lie interred the 
ashes of the reverend and pious Mr. James Gray, 
who, having been set apart for the church, lucidly 
expounded the most sacred Gospel of Christ, first 
at Kinloch for 20 years and 5 months, and after- 
wards at Kettins for 26 years and 4 months. A 
censor of vice, he was the friend and follower of 
virtue, an upholder of the holy faith and also of 
discipline ; diligent in all his duties, he instructed 
the ignorant, brought back the wanderers, i-e- 
proved sinners, and commended the good ; un- 
wearied in the pursuit of truth, twice a husband, 
beloved by his children and parishioners, a 
worthy pastor, he calmly departed this life at 
the age of 72, on the 17th day of March, 1743. 
This monument was erected by his relict Chris- 
tian Ax'buthnot, who bore him no children, and 
by his sole surviving daughter Elizabeth, wife 
of Wm. Morison of Naughton.] 

— Mr. Morison, wlio was a merchant in Dun- 
dee, succeeded to the estate of JSfaughton on 
the insolvenc)^ of Mr. Hay, to whom he had 
made pecuniary advances. In the Eev. Dr. 
Campbell's Balmerino and its Abbey, it is told 
that Morison was horsewhipped on one occa- 
sion by a son of Mr. Hay's, who met him in 
the grounds of Naughton, and mistook him, 
from his liumble diess and manners, for an in- 
truder ; and that when young Hay joyously 



told his adventure at home, his father re- 
marked in dismay — " Laddie, you have whip- 
ped the Laird of Naughton !" 

The followmg letter, copied from the origi- 
nal, and addressed " To George Constable of 
Wallace of Craige, Esq., Dundee" (the proto- 
type of Sir W. Scott's Monkbariis), is an ex- 
ample of the letter-writing of " Baillie Clip" 
of Dundee, the son and successor of the first 
Morison of Naughton : — 

Sir — I Eeceived your Letter on Saturday Contain- 
ing a Demand for your Sixty pound it would have 
been fully as well Some time before the Term, who 
Ever I have wrot Mr. Moncrifi who I dar say will 
pay it I am Sir your most Humble Sert 

Jas. Mobison. 

NAUGaioN, 16 Norr 1777 

Upon another tablet, buLlt into the south wall 
of the kirk : — 

Erected by his Scholars as a mark of gratitude 
and respect to the memory of James Hutton, 
who faithfully discharged the important duties 
of schoolmaster of this pai-ish for 40 years, and 
died upou the 2d day of May, 1801, in the 63d 
year of his age, deservedly lamented. 

— Dum loquimui-, fugerit invida 
^tas : carpe diem — Hor : 

• — Mr. James Gibb, who was a native of Alyth, 
and the last teacher of Kettins under the 
Parochial system, was probably one of the 
most jieculiar of Mr. Hutton's fellow-crafts- 
men in the district. He attended College at 
Aberdeen, where he distinguished himself as a 
mathematician, and he also had a considerable 
knowledge of mechanics, astronomy, geology, 
and meteorology. He was an excellent judge 
of telescopes, theodolites, microsooiJes, and 
lenses, in which, as well as in watches and 
jewellery, he trafficked long and successfully. 
He died possessed of a large collection of these 
articles, as well as of geological specimens and 
books, and as he latterly lived alone in the 
schoolhoirse, he kept a loaded revolver in case 
of any attempt being made to deprive him of 
his treasures. Gibb added to his income by 
measuring and surA^eyiug land, for which he 



KKTTINS. 



93 



had the reputation of being better qualified 
than for the office of a teacher. His style of 
teaching, as was to be expected, was very 
different from that which came into practice 
towards the close of his time, and many amus- 
ing anecdotes are told of his odd plans of in- 
structing the young, and of his peculiar pro- 
nunciation of words. A minister who was 
present at a Presbyterial examination of the 
school on some occasion, desired the scholars 
to spell the word " onion." On receiving no 
reply he asked Mr. Gibb to explain the cause, 
and received for answer, " It 's your ain fau't 
— ye dinna ken f u to pit the question ! " say- 
ing, in the same breath — " I'm shure ye can 
a' spell ingan ! " upon which the answer was 
at once and correctly given ! A similar anec- 
dote is told regarding Gibb and the word 
" poison," which he is said to have taught his 
scholars to pronounce — pusshen ! 

Mr. Gibb, who no.t only was well versed in 
" the money market," but also possessed great 
discernment of human character and much 
" mother wit," was repnted one of the richest 
" dominies" in Scotland. He appears to have 
died without a struggle, and possibly in the 
evening when preparing to go to bed, having 
been found dead in his own arm chair, witli 
his coat off, on the morning of 8th April, 
1875. He was in his 81st year, and as he 
left no will, his fortune, which amounted to 
from £5000 to £6000, went to relatives. 

The next three inscriptions are from slabs, 
which were recently to be seen within an en- 
closure upon the south side of the kirk : — 

In the hope of a joyfvl resvrrection, here is 
laid the body of William Gebkie, elder in Bal- 
dowery, who died the 27 day of December, 
1683, of age 73 :— 
Autunuios decies senlem qui vixerat et tres, 
j^j^qiiius huic gelido membra dedit tumulo, 
Pacis amans, i-ectique tenax, miseratus egenos, 
Vixerat et fastus nescius atque doli. 
Conjuge dUecta genuit quae pignora veras 
Scire dedit literas juraque sacra Dei. 



And of William Geekie, in Easter Keilor, who 

died Feb. 16, 1728, aged 67 ; and Isabel Gray, 

his spouse, aged — . And Alexander Gebkie 

of Wester Baldowi-ie, who died Feb. 10, 1751, 

aged 70 ; and Isoble Iobson, his spouse. 

[Years ten times seven and three he lived. 

Then to this icy tomb his body calmly gave. 

Peace he loved, and from the straight path 

never swerved ; 
The poor he pitied, and neither guile nor 

ostentation knew. 
The children whom his partner to him bore, 

he taught 
True wisdom, and the sacred laws of God 
to kuow.] 

— William Geekie, in Easter KeUor, who died 
in 1728, and Alexander Geekie, surgeon and 
citizen of London, were both children of 
William Geekie and his wife, Marjory Adam. 
By his last will, dated 17th May, 1724, the 
surgeon bequeathed to his brother, William, 
" one hundred pounds, the interest of which 
sum to be laid out for the learning and edu- 
cation of such a certain number of Boys as he 
(his brother) shall think fit, at the school of 
Kettins, in Angus-shire, or to any other chari- 
table use which he shall judge most proper." 
Mr. Geekie also left a library, chiefly of classi- 
cal books, but by some means or other it has 
become lost to the parish. The Catalogue, 
which is stm preserved, contains the names of 
some of the scholars who participated in the 
Geekie Bequest, which, notwithstanding what 
is stated above, was begun in 1713, and upon 
the first page of it are these unmistakable 
notices of the place and time of the donor's 
birth, and the purpose for which the library 
was designed : — 

Catalogns Libroiiim in usum Scholaj Cateni- 
ensis. Dono dedit Alexander Geekie, chirurgus 
civisque Loudinensis, oriundus agro Baldauriensi 
Scoto, ubi et natus est iv. Julii salutis 1655. 

[Catalogue of Books for the use of the School 
of Kettins. Presented by Alexander Geekie, sirr- 
geon and citizen of London, a native of Bal- 
dowrie, in Scotland, where he was bom, 4th 
July, 1655.] 

— The Catalogue was long in the hands of the 



94 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



late Mr. Gibb, schoolmaster, who told us tliat 
the books were taken possession of by the 
present laird of Baldowrie. 

[2.] 

Here lyes an virtovs, jirvdent, discreet, piovs, 

and honest man, William Gebkie of Baldourie, 

hvsband to Elspit C'richtou. He departed this 

life Ap. 15, 1701, and of age 73 

[3.] 

Heir lys ane honest man Iohn Geckib, who 

departed this life Ivne the 22, 1720, of age 77. 

Ianet Smith, spovs to him, died Febrvary the 

14, 1721, of age 71, indvellers in Kingovghtray. 

— So far as we are aware there is no means of 
showing the connection of the Geekies men- 
tioned in the above inscrijitions with "William 
Geekie, who was the heritable possessor of 
"Wester Baldowrie, Parkhead, Leacocks, &c., 
whose son, by his wife, Agnes Hallyburton, 
married Isabel, daughter of the Eev. Thos. 
Ogilvie, of Cupar-Angus, and died in Sept. 
17-15. He left a son and two daughters, and 
the son having died without issue, the daugh- 
ters served themselves heirs-portioners to their 
grandfather — their father and brother never 
having been infeft in the lands — a proceeding 
which "William Geekie, a planter in South 
Carolina, as the " only son of the immediate 
younger brother of their grandfather," thought 
of attempting to set aside about 1779-80. 
Having however got but little encouragement 
from the lawyers, Mr. Geekie never prosecuted 
his claim. The last of these ladies died in 
1853, at the great age of 95, when the lands 
of "Wester Baldowrie, Auchteralyth, &c., went, 
by settlement, to the brothers Geekie, who 
were respectively lairds of East Baldowrie, 
Balbrogie, and Eosemount. 

These three estates were bought about 18 — , 
through the late Mr. Hugh Watson, Keilor, 
for Mr. AVilliam Geekie, of Percy Street, Bed- 
ford Square, a London merchant, and were 
settled by him upon the three brothers above 
alluded to. It is popularly believed that they 



were in no way related to the London mer- 
chant ; but the elder brother, Mr. Alexander 
Geekie, of Easter Baldowrie, states that his 
father and the merchant were cousins-german, 
as were also the two old ladies above-men- 
tioned, and that they were aU descended from 
"William, brother of Alexander Geekie, the 
citizen and surgeon of London. It is certain 
that the present laird of Baldowrie claims the 
old Geekie burial-place at Kettins, where the 
tombstones stood at the time we copied the 
above inscriptions. 

It was on 2nd June, 1602, that one of the 
Geekies of Kettins was charged with the mur- 
der of Patrick Cathrow, " ane dumb borne 
zonng man," by first assaulting him " with ane 
grit_ sting or rung," on the face, and breaking 
" the girsell of his neise," at Cupar- Angus, 
on 20th Feb., 1601, and afterwards by attack- 
ing him in the Eashiemyre, and there abusing 
him so frightfully that,, as the indictment 
bears, " it was piteous to half hard the lamen- 
tabile routes and cryes of the pure duni man," 
whom, it was alleged, Geekie left " deid 
vpoune the ground." David Cathrow, miller 
at Kettins, an uncle of the deceased, was pur- 
suer ; but by the mouth of Sampsouno Ker, 
in Auchterhouse, chancellor, the assise " ffand 
the said William Geikie, to be clene, innocent 
and acquit of airt and pairt of the crewall 
murthour and slauohter fuirsaid" (Grim. Trials, 
ii. .388). 

The next two inscriptions are from slabs 
upon the west side of the church : — 

Heir lyes ane honest man ALEXAyDER Giekie, 
who depairted in Febrevar 10 day 170-, and his 
age 68. And his spovse Margat Carsill, who 
depaii'ted in Febrvary the 13, 1701, of her age 
67, iudveUers in Balgov. [Eev. 14. 13.] 

The king of terrors who dare withstand 
Who hath the glass and dart in hand. 

[2-]. 
This stone is erected by Iohn Geekie, tenant 
in North BaUunie, in memory of his father Iohn 



KETTINS. 



95 



I 



Geekie, who departed this lif on the 16th of 
Feb. 1784 years, in the 78th year of his age. In- 
terred here also the above named Iohn Geekie, 
who died at Nether Ballunie, the 3d May 1814, 
aged 77 years, and who, by his last will, be- 
queathed the sum of £100 ster. to the Kirk 
Session, for the education of poor children in the 
parish of Kettins. [Col. 15, 53.] 

The stone wliicli bears the following is 
ornamented with mortuary emblems, a black- 
smith's crown, hammer, pincers, &c. : — 

ggr heir lyes georg roch, son to georg 

ROCH, SMITH IN BALGLO, AND HIS SPEOWS ELLISON 
THAIN, WHO DEPARTED THE 23 OF MARCH A. 1669, 
AND OF HIR AGE XX TERS 

G. R : E. T. 

O FATIL DEATH, O CRVEL DEATH, 
WHAT MEAVETH THE TO RAGE ; 
FOR TO CVT OF YOUNG TENDER PLANTS 
AND PAS BY CRVKET AGE 

Unless otherwise described, the rest of the 
inscriptions are from flat slabs : — • 

[1.] 
In hope of a gloriovs resviTectione here lyes a 
wertvovs woman, Elspeth Jack, sjjovse to lames 
Fyfe at the Milu of ALrdlar, wha depairted 
March 4, 1684, of age 38. As also here are in- 
terred sewen hopefvl children procreat betwixt 
them : — 

In tyme dispone, Death comes anon. 

And nothing with him gets, 
Bvt evn short sheet, ouer head and feet. 
And all men him forgets. 

[2.] 
Wnder this lyes an honest man Dawid Dick, 
hvsband to lanet Brvce, indvelers in Killer. He 
departed the 12 day of lanevrie 1699, and of 
age 57 years : — 

Devote and piovs to ward God 

He was wpright to man 
Most carefvll still in his affairs 
Bvt nov he is deid and gone. 
From tyme into Eternitie 

To rign with Christ in glore. 
He is gon before follov we mvst 
Of him weell say no more. 

[3.] 

ig^ Heir lyis ane godly honest man, Thomas 
Brvse, hvsband to Margrat Cristie, who departed 
in the Fwrd of Pitcvi-, lanvaa", the 29, a. 1667, 
and of age XC. 

This stone was ei-ecktd again by Georg Bruse 
in Balgove, and Grasol Bruse, his spouse, in the 



yar 1760, in memray of tlier disest. childrs. . . 
. Ee-erected by James Bruce in memry of his 
Father. [&c.] 

[4.] 
Here lyes an honest man, Richard Wandless, 
sometime indveller in the Newtovn, who departed 
the 10 of March, 1678, and of age 70 years, to- 
gether with his spovse, Ltllas Hay, who de- 
parted the 13 of the said moneth of March, 1678, 
and of age 62, togethir with Elspet Whittit, 
spouse to Richard Wandless, now indveller in 
the JS^e^^;o^^l, who departed the 20 day of May, 
1704, of age 40. The said Richard Wandless, 
vho died May 14, 1732, aged 76. 

R.W. . L.H. : E. W. E. W. 
[5.] 

HEIR LYES ANE HONEST MAN, PATRICKE YEVLO, 
HVSBAND TO ELSPIT DWCHIRS, WITH 5 CHILDREN, 
INDVELLERS at THE MILLEN OF PETTE. HE AND 

nis forfathers lived tvo hvndrith yeirs bt- 

GON, DEPARTED THE 8 OF NOVMBR. 1699, OF HIS 
AGE 65 YEIRS : — 

DEUOT AND PIOUS TOUARDS GOD, 

HE WAS WPRIGHT TO MAN ; 

MOST CAREFULL STILE IN HIS AFFAIRS, 

BUT NOW HE IS DEAD AND GON 

FROM TYME INTO ETERNITIE, 

TO RING UITH CHRYST IN GLOR. 

HE IS GON BEFOR, FOLLOU WEE MOST, 

OF HIM WEE WILE SAY NO MOR. 
HEIR LYES DAVID YEVLO, LAFVL SON TO THE 
FORSAID PATRICK, HVSBAND TO ISABEL HAAKET, 
AND THER 5 CHILDREN, DAVID, ANDREW, PITIER, 
CHRISTAN, AND CHRISTAN YEVLOS, INDVELLERS 
AT THE MILLEN OF PETIE, DEPARTED THE 13 OF 
APRIL, 1727, AGED 55. 

— The surname of Yevlo appears in various 
forms in the Session books of Kettins, from 
the year 1645. It was one of this race who 
was attempted to be cognosced as " of insane 
mind, fatuous, and naturally an idiot," by a 
nephew of his own, upon the ground that, 
among other curious fancies, he had a liking 
to " grose," or squeeze the heads of his ser- 
vants, male and female, under his arms, and 
of asking in bad weather if doctors " maun 
rise when its snawin' !" The trial of Youlo, 
which proceeded under a Brieve of Fatuity, 
took place at Cupar- Angus in January, 1837. 
It was one of some note ; Messrs. Patrick 
(Lord) Robertson and Alex. M'Neil were 



96 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



counsel for tlie pursuers ; and Messrs. Duncan 
M'Neil (Lord Colonsay) and Charles (Lord) 
leaves, for the defender. After a sitting of 
two days, and a summing up of the evidence 
by Mr. Sheriff L'Amy, the jury unanimously 
found for the defender. 

The lands and mill of Peattie, the latter of 
which was occupied by the Yeulos, were owned 
in and before L584, by Ogilvy of Balfour, and 
continued in the hands of his representatives 
down to near the close of the last century 
(EoU of Freeholders, 1765, MS. J 

The next inscriptions are abridged from 
tablets within an enclosure on the east side 
of churchyard : — 

LocKHART Gordon, Esq., died at Beechwood 
Villa, 30"' Oct., 1837, aged 62 ; and Sarah 
Ogilvy Hat, his wife, died 18"" May, 1875, 
aged 88. 

John Gordon, Esq., died at South Corstown, 
15"' March, 1840, aged 85. Jessie Gordon, his 
si.-ter, died at Beechwood Villa, 23"" Oct., 1855, 
aged 88. 

Mart Georgina Goodlet, died at Abbeyhill, 
12'" Sept., 1858, aged 14 ; and Marion-Joanna- 
Gordon Goodlet, died at Hastings, S'" March, 
1860, aged 19. Jane Hay Goodlet, died at 
Links Place, Leith, 2P' July, 1868 ; and their 
mother, Mart Hat, widow of George Goodlet, 
Esq., merchant, Leith, died at Linnkeith, Blair- 
gowrie, 4"' March, 1876, aged 75. 
— Mr. Lockhart Gordon was a cousin to the 
late Lord Hallyburton, and married a daugh- 
ter of Mr. Hay, wine merchant, Leith, to 
whom the Misses Goodlet were related. Mr. 
John Gordon was long factor for the property 
of Hallyburton. 

A monument, built into the noitli wall of 
the churchyard, contains these inscriptions : — 

[1-] 
In memory of Mungo Murrat, Esq., youngest 
son of Mungo Murray, Esq. of Lintrose, who 
died at Duukeld, on the 25th Dec, 1843, aged 71. 

[2.] 

In memory of Anne Murray, widow of John 
Murray, Esq. of Lintrose, who died at Woodside, 
on the 3rd Nov., 1846, aged 69. 

Also of John Gray Murray, second son of 



John Murray of Lintrose, bom 4'*' December, 
1802, died 10"' March, 1866 ; and of Mackenzie 
Murray, youngest son of John Murray of 
Lintrose, bom 8"' Febr., 1810, died 14"' Febr., 
1876. 

— Lintrose was acquired by Mr. Murray about 
1731, who married his own cousin, Amelia 
Murray of Ochtertyre. The family had also 
a burial place in St. Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, 
where there is a monument thus inscribed : — 
To the memory of Mrs. Jessie Neil M'Ar- 
THUR, niece of Archibald Campbell, Esq' of 
Jura, and spouse of Captain William Mun-ay, 
Lintrose, commander of one of His Majesty's 
Excise yachts, who died on the 10th diiy of 
March, 1808. Also, in memory of the said Cap- 
tain William Murray, who died on the 26th 
day of December, 1809. William Murray, 
third son of John Murray, Esq' of Lintrose, 
whe died at Edim-. 23d Aj)ril 1810, aged four 
years and a half. 

— Lintrose (formerly Foderance), was a por- 
tion of the Pitcur estate ; and one of the 
lairds (George Hallyburton), a Senator of the 
College of Justice, took his judicial title 
from it. He was knighted by Charles I., and 
died in, or soon after, the year 1 649. This 
branch of the Hallyburtons, one of whom was 
served heir to his uncle James, m the lauds of 
Foderance, with the fulling mill, and pasture 
in Kinochtriemuir, &'c., 1680, jirobably held 
the property until the time it was bought by 
j\Ir. Murray. John Hallyburton of Foderance 
married a daughter of the Ecv. Mr. David 
Paton of Kettins, and their granddaughter, 
wife of the Eev. Dr. Campbell, Cupar-Fife, 
was the mother of " plain John Campbell," 
who became Lord Chancellor of England. 
Mr. D. Paton was succeeded by his son, 
James, who was a non-juror, and ceased to 
preach in 1716, when he was succeeded by 
Mr. Gray (sujira, 92). 

There was a family in the parish named 
Eamsay, who, tradition avers, had the privi- 
lege of burying within the church of Kettins, 
in consequence of having presented the bell to 



KETTIN8. 



97 



the church. It is said to have belonged to the 
Abbey of Capar, and to have been found by 
one of the Eamsays in the myies of Baldinnie. 

The bell is certainly ancient enough to have 
been upon the Abbey, the date corresponding 
to the time of Abbot William, and the legend, 
in old Dutch, shews that it had been originally 
accompanied by another bell, which bore the 
name of a female : — 

POPEN . EEIDER . GAP . MARIT . TEOON . 
AS . MINEN . MATEN . MEESDER . HABIS . 

ANNO . DOMINI . M.CCCCC.XIX. 
— This has been kindly translated by ilr. 
Campus, one of the engineers of the Tay 
Bridge, Dundee, as follows : — 

[Priest Eeider gave Margaret Troon as my 
mate (wife) Master Habis. A. D., 1519]. 

The next two inscriptions, the latter being 
preceded with carvings of a compass and a 
square, are from tombstones that are said to 
belong to the Eamsays above referred to : — 

Here lyes ane honest man Anton Eamsat, 
hvsband "to Janet Small in Bogside of Covper, 
who departed this life Deer. 3, 1700, and of 



This honest man is from us gone, 
Whose body lyes within this tomb ; 
His honest repvtation shall 
Remain to generations all, 
His blessed sovl for evermore 
Doth magnify the King of Glore. 
A. R. : I. S. 

[2.] 

1777 : Here lies interred the remains of 
George Ramsat, wright, late husband to Agnes 
Bruce, in Chapel of South Corstoun, who dyed 
July 15, 1763, aged 51 yeare. He had these chil- 
dren, Elspet, Margaret, Isobel, James, John, and 
Agnes, the tuo last of whom are here interred. 
James, in testimony of regard for his father, 
erected this monument. Also their is interred 
here the erector of this monument, who died the 
29th July, 1813, aged 71 yeara. Likewise his 
spouse, Janet Gardiner, who died the 4 July, 
1836, aged 84 yeare. 

Mortuary emblems, a carpenter's square. 



adze, compass, &c., are carved at the foot of 
the following inscription : — 

Heir lyes a honest woman called Iean Whitit, 
spvs to Robert Gregory at Mill of Halabvrtou, 
and of her age 67, vho departed this lyf Febr. 
2, 1721. R. G. : I. W. : W. G. 

— The Mill of Hallyburton, long since removed, 
stood near the gate of Hallyburton House. 

A flat slab with a shield upon which are 
carvings of a garden rake, a measuring line, a 
spade, &c., is thus inscribed : — • 

Here lyes Thomas Rattray, as also his father 
and mother, Andr. Rattray and Agnes Pa- 
TDLLO. Thos. being a gardiner, went to England, 
where he served 52 years, and acquired £218 
str., which he brought hither in August last, 
17 — . A few days after he came, he sickened 
and died, aged 74. His money he legate to his 
brother David and his children, with orders to 
erect this monument : — 

Mors certa est, incerta dies, incertior bora ; 

Consulat ergo animte, qui sapit, usque sure. 
[Death is certain ; uncertain the day, more un- 
certain the hovrr. Let the wise man then ever 
give diligent heed to the concerns of his soul.] 

From a marble tablet in the south dyke of 
the kirkyard : — 

Erected in memory of the Rev. David Symers, 
who died 16th July, 1842, in the 65th year of 
his age, and 42d of his ministry in the parish of 
Kettins. Requiescat in pace. 
— Mr. Symers, who was a son of a minister of 
Alyth, by a daughter of the previous minister 
of Kettins, Mr. Hallyburton, bought the pro- 
perties of Essie in Angus, and Kettle in Fife. 
He was succeeded in both by his brother, Mr. 
John Symers, agent for the British Linen 
Co.'s Bank, Dundee, who died in 1866. 

The next three inscriptions are from an en- 
closed granite monument : — 

Sacred to the memory of William Shaw, 
Esquire of Newhall, who died 17 September, 
1860, aged 79 years. And of Ann Watt, his 
wife, who died 28 February 1862, aged 81 yeara. 

[2.] 
Also in memory of Mary-Ann Shaw, daugh- 
ter of William Shaw, Esquire, who died 17 May 



98 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



1841, aged 20 yeare. The memory of the just is 
blessed. 

[3.] 

Sacred to the memory of Susanna-Miller 
Shaw, wife of John Adamson of Ericht Side 
House, Blaii-gowrie, and second daughter of 
William Shaw, Esquire of Newhall, who died 27 
Nov. 1851, aged 33 years. 

— Mr. and Mrs. Shaw were cousins-german. 
The father of the former, sometime accoimtant 
to the Carron Iron Co., Falkirk, was afterwards 
a writer in Edinburgh, and the father of the 
latter was farmer of Cullow, in Cortachy. Mr. 
Shaw held a captaincy in the Berwickshire 
Militia, which he resigned to join an uncle, 
who was a planter in Jamaica. On his arrival 
in that island, he found his uncle had died leav- 
ing a large fortune, of which, along -with other 
relatives, he and his wife received portions. 
He bought Xewhall about 1820 ; and, accord- 
ing to the interesting monograph of " the Clan 
Shaw," by the late Eev. Jlr. Shaw, of St. 
John's Episcopal Church, Forfar, he was come 
of the Shaws of Crathienaird. Capt. Shaw of 
Newhall, had four daughters, two of whom 
still survive — Mrs. Alex. Geekie of Baldowrie, 
and Mrs. Bishop, of Edinburgh. Mr. Adam- 
son, son of the late Capt. Adamson, of the 
whaling ship Horn, of Dundee, sometime a 
mill spinner at Blairgowrie, and now proprie- 
tor of Careston, near Brechin, had an only 
son by his wife. 

A family of the name of Steill had a tomb- 
stone at Kettins, which was removed to the 
Howff of Dimdee some years ago by " John 
Steill, son of the late John Steill of Bal- 
dowrie. " The former, who died at Edin- 
burgh in 1871, devoted much of his time to 
literature, and bequeathed (subject to the life- 
rent of a female, who died in 1877), about 
X4000 sterling, for the purpose of erecting a 
bronze statue at Aberdeen, to the memory of 
Sir William Wallace, the Scottish patriot, the 
posture and position of wliicli are to be made 



in accordance with the specified wishes of the 
donor. 

Anonymous, 1737 : — 

Mark here the true, siucerest love — 

Tlie wife her breath resign'd ; 

Her loving husband mingles fate, 

And would not stay behind. 

One common gi-ave unites them dead. 

Whom time so well did try ; 

Their kindred souls mount up and join 

The wondering woiids on high. 

The following inscriptions are from a plain 
headstone :— • 

Interred here are the mortal Remains of Sarah 
HiNDMARSH, the devoted, admirable wife of John 
Hall Hindmarsh, Teacher of Elocution, who de- 
parted this life at Coupar-Angus, on Monday, 
the 7th Feby., 1853, aged 67 years. 

" The loss of a friend upon whom the heart 
was' fixed, to whom every wish and every en- 
deavour tended, is a state of dreary desolation in 
which the mind lof'ks abroad, impatient of itself, 
and finds nothing but emptiness and horror. The 
blameless life, the artless tenderness, the pious 
simplicity, the modest i-esignation, the patient 
sickness and quiet death, are remembered only 
to add value to the loss, to aggravate regret, for 
what cannot be recalled ! We know little of the 
state of departed souls, because such knowledge 
is not necessary to a good life. Eeason deserts 
us at the brink of the grave, and can give no 
further intelligence. Kevelation is not wholly 
silent. There is the joy in the angels of heaven 
over one sinner that repenteth ; and surely this 
joy is not incommunicable to souls disentangled 
from the body, and made like angels. Let hope, 
therefore, dictate (what Revelation does not con- 
fute !) that the union of souls may still remain, 
and that we who are struggling with sin, sorrow, 
and infirmities, may have our part in the atten- 
tion and kindness of her who has finished her 
couree, and is now receiving her reward !" 

Interred here, also, are the remains of An- 
TOiNETTi Nesbitt, daughter of Abercromby 
Nesbitt, late of Alnwick, and grandchild of 
Sarah and J. H. Hindmarsh, an amiable, inte- 
resting gu'l, who died suddenly at the Manse of 
Kettins, on Monday, the 4th of April, 1853, aged 
13 years. 

" She was one of those who come 
With pledged promise not to stay 
Long, ere the angels let them stray 
To nestle down in earthly home !" 



KETTINS. 



99 



On west side of same stone : — 

Also to the memory of John Hall Hind- 
marsh, late of Perth, died 24th July, 1856, aged 
70 years. And Charles- J^uies, infant son of 
Princi]3al Tulloch, of St. Au<lrews, died 17th 
May, 1858, aged 4^ months. 

— Mr. and Mrs. Ilindmarsli ivere the father 
and mother-in-law of Principal Tulloch, who 
was minister of Kettins for some years before 
he went to St. Andrews. 



Weems or Pict's houses have been found 
both at Lintrose and at Pitcur, and in the lat- 
ter, besides an urn and other old relics, a piece 
of Samian pottery ware was discovered. 
(Proceed. So. Ant. Scotd.) There are also the 
remains of stone circles upon the hill of Bal- 
lunie ; but the most interesting relic in the 
parish is probably a sculptured stone, with 
representations of a hunting scene, &c. It 
was used as a foot-bridge across the burn at 
Kettins until 1860, when it was set up in the 
churchyard by Lord Hallyburton. 

Kettins is believed to have been the seat of 
a Celtic monastery. This belief seems to be 
confirmed in a charter, of about 1292-3, by 
which Hugh of Over, lord of Ketenes, granted 
" his well in his lands and Abthenage of 
Ketenes, called Bradwell, with its aqueduct 
bounded, and servitude of watergage," to the 
Abbey of Cupar (Inv. of Charters of Abbey of 
Cupar ill favour of Lord Balmerino, MS. of 
Hon. H. Maule, at Pamnure). This deed not 
only proves that Kettins was an Abthenage, 
or the site of an early ecclesiastical establish- 
ment, but discloses the hitherto unknown fact 
of the church's having been dedicated to S. 
Bridget, of which the name of the Brad-v<e\\ 
(Bride's Well) seems to be a corruption. It 
also appears (Mem. of Angus and Mearns, 
479), that certain payments were made out of 
Kettins to the Priory of Eostinoth — one of 
the earliest churches north of the Tav. 



Hugh of Over appears to have been a 
descendant of John of Eure (ancestor of Lord 
Ure), and his heiress, who had a gift from 
Edward I. of the manor of Kettins, with 
market, &c., for services done to the king in 
these parts, a grant which, Scott remarks 
(Border Minstrelsy, iii. 247), must have been 
dangerous to the receiver. 

But more than a century before the time of 
Overs, a baron, designed Malcolm of Ketenes, 
is a witness to Eichard of Fruill's grant of the 
lands of Balekelifan to the monks of Ar- 
broath, 1178-80; and notwithstanding that 
the manor, (fee., were held by Over, the De 
Kettens family flourished in the district until 
at least the time^of Eobert the Bruce, by whom 
the barony was given to Patrick Ogilvy, on 
the resignation of Malcolm of Caithness (Eo- 
bertson's Index). 

Contemporary with the Ogilvys of Kettins 
were the Flemings of Pitcur, one of whom, 
Walter, son of Sir William Fleming of Barra- 
chan, had a charter from King Eobert, of the 
mill of Kettins and three parts of the lands of 
Pitcur, dated at Arbroath in 1315. As pre- 
viously shewn, Pitcur was subsequently in the 
hands of the Chisholms, from whom, about 
1432, it passed by marriage to the second son 
of Hallyburton of Dirleton, ancestor of the 
present proprietor {supra, 91). 

The ruins of the old castle of Pitcur stand 
about a mile south of the church, and the 
modern house is near the village, which is sur- 
rounded with hedgerows and fine majestic 
trees. The base, and part of the shaft of the 
old market cross, now in the churchyard, 
stood long near the S.E. corner of the village. 

Besides the gifts or mortifications to the 
poor before noticed, it would appear that 
James Taylor, " yeoman, of Ealing parish, 
CO. Middlesex," bequeathed, in 1788, the in- 
terest of £100 Bank of England stock, which 
he left in the sole charge of Mr. Dempster 



100 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



of Dunniclien, for the purpose of educating 
" the poor children, both male and female, 
of the parish of Keltins." With a view to 
the better administration of the trust, in addi- 
tion to himself, his heirs and his successors in 
Dunnichen, in all time coming, Mr. Dempster 
appointed two other trustees, viz., the laird 
of Pitcur, and Mr. Alison, factor on the Bel- 
mont estates (Epitaphs, i. 139). 

The most curious, and perhaps generally in- 
teresting points connected with this bequest, 
and which are worthy of a place beside the 
many sepulchral vagaries already known, are 
the care with which Taylor provided for his 
body being properly dressed, and himself being 
well spoken of after death. " I desire," he 
writes, " to be buried in Linen of good qua- 
lity, with grave flowers of all sorts, and that 
a Funeral Sermon may be preached, either at 
my interment, or on the Sunday next follow- 
ing, from the third chapter of Saint John's 
Gospel, and the fifteenth verse." Unlike many 
who desire favours after death, but leave no 
recomjsensc to those who perform them, Mr. 
Taylor left £12-5, Bank of England stock, "to 
answer the expenses," five guineas of which 
were to be given to the officiating clergy- 
man (Deed in Kirlc- Session Recurds, MS.) 

[Ins. comptl. by Mr. D. Macqueen, schoolrar. ] 

(S. TALARICANUS, BP. and CO^^F.) 

THE kirk of Fordys, which is rated at 40 
merks Scots, in the Taxation of 1275, 
was confirmed as a common church of the 
Cathedral of Aberdeen, by Bishop John, in 
13-51. Places known by the significant names 
of the Bishop's Eeisk, the Vicar's Croft, and 
the Clerk's Lands, are stUl in the district. 



There was also a chapel dedicated to S. 
Ann. It was buUt by, and became the 
burial-j)lace of, Helen Hay of Maldavit, who, 
about 1538-9, erected the chaplainry of S. 
An.v at Cullen. 

The parishes of Ordiquhill, Deskford, and 
Cullen are said to have been formed out of 
Pordyce sometime after the year 1618 (New 
Stat. Acct.) ; but these three churches are 
mentioned separately in the Eegistc.r of Minis- 
ters for 1574, when each had its own reader. 
The four parishes or churches, including Por- 
dyce, were, at the latter date, under the 
charge of Mr. Gilbert Gardyne, who probably 
resided at Pordyce, where a loose slab in the 
churchyard bears this inscription to the 
memory of, apparently, his first wife : — 

HlC . lACET . PIA . MVLIER . MARG : . . . O . 
SPONSA . M . GIL . GARDTNE . DE . BOITH . HVIVS. 
ECCLESI^ . MINISTRI . 24 . ANNOS . VIXIT . ILLA . 
66 . AN : VT . POST . VIVERET . TANDEM .... 
OBIIT . 6 . APRILIS . 15-2. 

[Here lies a pious woman, Margaret . . . 
spouse to Mr. Gil. Gardyne of Boith, minister of 
this church for 24 years. After a life of 66 
years she died to live again, 6th April, 15-2.] 
— On 16th August, 1592, Mr. Gardyne agreed 
to marry Isobell, sister of James Strachan of 
Carmyllie, " in the face and presence of the 
visible Kirk of God," and also bound himself 
to infeft his wife " for all the dayes of her 
lifetyme, and the aires male to be procreat be- 
tuixt thame, in all and haill the landis of 
Botht," within the regality of Arbroath and 
sherifi'dom of Porfar (Deed at Panmure). 

!Mr. Gardyne, who was minister at Moni- 
fieth in 1565, was at Pordyce in 1571, in 
which year he was moderator of the General 
Assembly at Stirling. He was much engaged 
in church affairs, and is said to have seldom 
gone to the pulpit without his sword for fear 
of the Pai)ists (Scott's Pasti). 

The picturesque belfry, dated 1661, which 
surmounts the ancient porch and session-house, 
adds very much to the appearance of the vil- 



FORDYGK. 



101 



lage of Fordyce ; but the new church, wliich 
was erected, in 1804, is as uninteresting in 
appearance, as in situation. Within it is 
a tablet to the memory of the Eev. Mr. 
Humphrey, referred to below ; and the bell, 
wliich was removed from the old place of wor- 
ship, is thus inscribed : — 

lAC . COM . DE . FIND LATER . ET . PATRON. 
DE . FORDYCE . 
ALBERTVS . GELY . FECIT . ABD . 
ANNO . DOMINI . MDCCII. 

[This bell was made at Aberdeen, in 1702, by 
Albert Gely, for James, Eai'l of Findlater, and 
patron of Fordyce.] 

The old church consisted of a nave, with 
aisles upon the west and south. The former 
aisle belonged to the OgUvies of Durn, and 
the latter, which is now divided into two 
compartments by a wall, belonged, the one to 
Birkenbog, the other to Findlater and Boyne. 
Upon a canopy of a recess tomb in the Find- 
later and Boyne compartment, is a shield 
charged with the Ogilvie and Sinclair arms 
C[uarterly. Two shields upon the left and 
right respectively exhibit the engrailed cross 
of the Sinclairs, and the three stars of the 
Inneses. An effigy of a knight in armour lies 
upon the top of the tomb, and " the fore-edge" 
of the slab upon which it rests is thus in- 
scribed : — 

hie . nobilcs . biri . iacobbs . ogilbg . be . btsk- 
fbrb . miles . tt . tacob' . ogilbo . rj' . filiba . ct . 
Ir.trcs . npp.ircii . rrbitbs . bcro . bictt. inilitis. 13 . 
fcbrbavii . a" . b° . 1500. obiit' . abtt . bictt . filii . 
1° . fcbrbavii . a" . b" . 1503 . orate . p . atiab' . 
corbm. 

[Here rest two honourable men, James 
Ogilvy of Deskford, and James Oqilvt, his sou, 
and heir presumptive. The former died 13th 
Feb., 1509, and the latter 1st Feb., 1505. Pray 
for their souls.] 

— This inscription, which, owing to a misprint, 
is stated by Douglas (Peerage, i. 580), to be at 
Forglen, refers to Sir James Ogilvie, eldest 
son of Ogilvie of Auchleven, by his wife jSlar- 



garet Sinclair, the heiress of Deskford and 
Findlater. Sir James married a daughter of 
Sir Eobert Innes, by whom he had six sons 
and five daughters. The eldest son (as shown 
by the above inscription) predeceased his fa- 
ther, the fourth was designed of Glassaugh, 
the fifth fell at Flodden, and the sixth became 
a churchman. The eldest son left a family, 
and Sir James was succeeded by his grandson. 
Sir Alexander Ogilvie, who was buried at 
CuUen, and founded the collegiate church 
there. 

The tombs of the Abercrombys of Birken- 
bog and the Ogilvies of Findlater were pos- 
sibly erected about the same period, the style 
and execution of both being very much alike. 
The former (to the left of the latter) also con- 
tains the effigy of an armed knight, and the 
edge of the plinth bears : — 

hie . i.uct . Iioiiorabilis . bir . gcovgiba . ab . . . 

goba . bfts . be . Icji . q . obiit ■ x, . . 

. bic . incsis . octobris . a" . b° . . . . 

[Here lies an honourable man, George 

A B late land of Ley, who 

died X . . Oct., A.D., ] 

— This inscription probably refers to George, 
son of Sir James Abercromby of Pitmedden, 
Ley, and Birkenbog, who fell at the battle of 
Flodden. He is said to have been born in 
1.512, and to have married a daughter of Bar- 
clay of Gartly. Their great grandson, Alex- 
ander, was the father of James, his successor, 
of Lord Glasford, and of Dr. Patrick Aber- 
cromby, who wrote the Martial Achievements 
of Scotland, also a history of his own family. 
It was the grandson of the last-mentioned 
James who, in 1637, was created a Baronet; 
and his second son, who settled at Tillybody, 
was ancestor of the brave Sir Pialph and of the 
Lords Abercromby. 

Birkenbog (anciently Gauld's Cross) still 
belongs to the Abercrombys ; and upon the 
front of the mansion-house is the date of 



102 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



1693, and a shield with the Abercromby and 
Forbes arms impaled. 

The surname of Abercromby is said to have 
been assumed from the old parish of Aber- 
cromby, in Fife, where a dateless monument 
to the memory of " Thomas Abercrombie 
OF THAT Ilk," bears to have been " restored by 
Sir Eobert Abercrombj', Bart, of Birkenbog, 
1849." In 1284, Hugh of Abercromby wit- 
nesses the grant of a meadow at Markinch to 
the Prior and Canons of St. Andrews, by 
William of VaUon and his wife (Eeg. Prior. 
S. And., 421). The first of the Abercrombys 
who went north appears to have been settled 
at Westhall, in the Garioch, after which they 
acquired Birkenbog. The property of For- 
glen came to them in 1803, by the marriage 
of Sir George Abercromby, great grandfather 
of the present baronet, with the sister and 
heiress of the last Lord Banff. 

Upon the north wall of the Glassaugh Aisle, 
which is half covered with ivy, is a bold carv- 
ing of the family arms, and the words — 

ABERCROMBY OF GLASSAUGH. 
There are two marble monuments within the 
aisle, one of which, ornamented with war 
trophies, bears this inscription : — 

Beneath are deposited the remains of James 
Abercromby of Glassaugh, Esq., a General of 
Foot ; Colonel of the 44th regiment, and Deputy- 
Governor of Stirling Castle ; who died April 2.3, 
1781, in the 75th year of his age. In his Pro- 
fessional Character, he served his country with 
conduct and resolution ; in his Parliamentary one, 
his constituents with integrity and attention. 
Constancy and consistency guided all his actions. 
A strict, yet genteel economist, he was ever 
ready the distressed to aid and counsel, the op- 
pressed to support, the indigent to relieve, and 
labour and sustenance to afford the industrious. 
In Friendship unshaken ; of Manners unspotted ; 
of an Honour unsullied ; in the Discharge of all 
Domestic Duties unexcelled. Beloved and re- 
vered he lived, and died most sincerely lamented. 
In gratitude and veneration of his many virtues ; 
in rpmembrance of the most perfect union that 



subsisted almost fifty years, his once happy wife 
inscribes this marble as an unequal testimony of 
his worth, and of her affection. 

[2.] 
lu respectful gratitude of Mrs. Mart Duff, 
who died 28th March, 1786, aged 75, widow of 
Gen. James Abercromby, daughter of William 
Duff of Dipple, by Jean, daughter of Sir William 
Dunbar of Durn. Endowed with all the virtues 
which constitute and adorn an estimable female 
character, a most affectionate wife, a most duti- 
ful daughter, a most indulgent and attentive 
mother, most exemplary in beneficence, and un- 
affected devotion. 

— The first Abercromby of Glassaugh was a 
son of Alexander of Birkenbog, who \vas fal- 
coner to Charles I. (Burke). This branch 
ended in the male line, in the above-named 
General James Abercromby, whose daughter 
married her kinsman, Mr. R. W. Duff of 
Fetteresso, and through her the property of 
Glassaugh was brought to the Duffs (Epi- 
taphs, i. 76). 

The Durn aisle is in a line with the ruins 
of the belfry. The Barclays of the Mearns 
were designed " of Dwrna" in 1 407, and in 
1492 it was held by a family named Curror. 
Dempster assigns considerable antiquity to the 
Currors, and says that one of them, who 
flourished about the year 1270, was a writer 
of merit. While in the hands of the Bar- 
clays, and also when it came to the Ogilvies, 
which was about 1493, Darn was held under 
the superiority of the Earls Marischal. Sir 
William (third son of Sir Walter Ogilvie of 
Boyne), had charters of Durn, &c., in 1508. 
He became High Chancellor of Scotland, and 
in 1516 founded a chaplainry within the 
church of Fordyce, which he dedicated to the 
Blessed Virgin. He endowed it out of the 
lands of Little Gowney, the mill and mill 
lands of Baldavy, and also provided that mass 
should be said for the king, for himself, his 
wife, Alison Rule, and their children. 

Margaret OgUvie, granddaughter of the 
High Treasurer, who became the wife of 



FORDTCE. 



103 



Thomas Menzies of Kirkhill of Nigg, a bur- 
gess of Aberdeen, was the last of the Ogilvies 
of Durn. Their son, Thomas Menzies, who 
succeeded to the estate of Durn, built a school 
at Fordyce, and not only provided that the 
scholars should sit in the Durn aisle at public 
worship, but transferred the annual payments 
above-mentioned to the officiating schoolmas- 
ter. But, with the exception of the school 
croft and a feu-duty in the village of Fordyce, 
these gifts have been long lost to the teacher. 
Upon a monument within the Durn aisle : — 

Sacred to the memory of John Falconer, 
Esquire of Durn, who died the 16th day of June, 
1789, aged 56 yeai-s. INIrs. Lydia Turton placed 
this stone out of respect to the memory of so 
worthy a husband. 

— JMr. Falconer was a native of Portsoy, and 
a jeweller by profession. He went to London, 
and marrying the daughter of his employer, 
succeeded to his business and property, and 
left about £.7 a year for the purpose of buying 
fuel to the poor of Portsoy. He bought Durn 
(now Lord Seafield's) from Sir James Dunbar, 
Bart., and was killed by a fall from his horse 
in the parish of Ordiqnhill. 

The Dunbars of Durn claim descent from 
Patrick Earl of March and his wife Black 
Agnes, who defended the Castle of Dunbar 
against the English in 1337-8. A baronetcy 
was created in the Durn family in 1697, and 
the Eev. Sir William Dunbar, rector of Dum- 
mer, near Basingstoke, succeeded his father 
as the 6th baronet, in 1813. There are no 
tombstones to the Dunbars at Fordyce. 

Upon a granite monument, within the Find- 
later aisle : — 

Sacred to the memory of Major-General James 
Ogilvie, C.B., who died at BaufF o]i the 2ud day 
of June, 1845, aged 60. He performed valuabfe 
services to his country in Europe, Asia, and 
America, in which last country he was highly 
distinguished at the head of the 8th Foot, and 
received severe and houoiu-able wounds. While 
he had many attached friends, he had no ene- 
mies but those of his own country. Peace to the 
kind and the brave. 



Within an enclosure on the east side of the 
same aisle : — 

Sacred to the memory of Alexander Forbes, 
formerly of Cuttlebrae, in the parish of Eathven, 
late of Dytach and Bogton in this parish, who 
departed this life, 11th day of April, 1842, aged 
92 years. And of Cecilia Wilkie, his wife, 
who died on the 20th day of July, 1831, in the 
80th year of her age. Their bodies are here de- 
posited, and this stone is erected by their sur- 
viving children, Alexander, merchant, of Tepic, 
in Mexico ; John, physician in London, Elspet 
and Anne, in cormnemoration of the worth and 
virtues of most loving parents, and as a lasting 
token of filial reverence, affection, and gratitude. 
A.D., 1843. 

— These were the parents of Sir John Forbes, 
M.D., who did so much, both by his practice 
and his pen, to improve the important pro- 
fession of whioli he was so long an ornament. 
Born at Cuttlebrae in 1787, he entered the 
Navy in 1807, where he remained until 1816, 
when he left the service and became a medical 
practitioner, first at Penzance, next at Chi- 
chester, and afterwards at London. He was 
physician-in-ordinary to the Queen ; also phy- 
sician-extraordinary to Prince Albert, and 
died in 1861. A neighbouring stone bears 
the name of James Forbes (a brother of Sir 
John's), who was farmer at Bogton, and died 
in 1822, aged 42. 

Near Sir John Forbes's parents lie those of 
his eminent class-fellow and friend, the late 
Sir James Clark, Bart., M.D., by whom a 
tombstone was erected, and thus inscribed : — 

Erected to the memory of his beloved parents, 
David and Isabella Clark, by their elder son 
James, in grateful remembrance of their paternal 
care, and the solicitude for his education, to 
which he has been indebted for so much of his 
success in life. 

— Sir James's parents were originally in the 
service of the Earl of Seafield, and Sir James 
was born at Cullen, the year after Sir John 
Forbes. He also began life as a Navy sur- 
geon, afterwards practised in Eome, and re- 
moved to London, where he became physician 
to the Duchess of Kent. On the accession of 



104 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



Queen Victoria lie was appointed pliysician-in- 
ordinaiy to Her Majesty, and died in that 
capacity in 1870. His son, Sir John Forbes 
Clark, who inherits the baronetcy, is proprie- 
tor of Tillypronie. The next two inscriptions 
refer to relatives of the family : — 

Erected by David Clark, farmer in Kilnhillock, 
to the memory of his beloved spouse, Isabella 
Scott, who departed this life, 20th Sept., 1812, 
aged 56. Underneath is also interred David 
Clark, who died in KilnhiUock, 14th Aug., 
1836, in the 86 year of his age. 

[2.] 

Sacred to the memory of Anne Scott, relict 
of James Badeuoch, late blacksmith at Deep of 
f indlater, who died there 1st May, 1827, aged 
68 yeai-s. This stone is erected as a mark of 
respect by her affectionate family. 

Erected by Margaret Eraser, in memory of 
her husband, John Badenoch, farmer, Easter 
Mountblatton, who died 5 July, 1855, aged 68 
years. 
A marble tablet (enclosed) bears — ■ 

Here are interred, in the hope of a blessed re- 
surrection, the mortal remains of the Rev. Alex- 
ander Humphrey, late minister of this parish, 
who died 13th Feb., 1832, in the 71st year of his 
age ; and of Catherine Richardson, his wife, 
who died 11th Oct., 1831, aged 67. [3 daughtera 
recorded dead.] 

— Mr. Humphrey, who had been long in the 
habit of giving " some oatmeal to the poor 
families on Christmas eve," left the interest of 
£50 to be applied for the same purpose in all 
time coming, so that, as he remarks in his will 
(a copy of which is preserved at Fordyce), 
" when others are feasting, they (the poor) at 
least may have the comfort of a bit of good 
bread, and not in this respect suffer any pri- 
vation by my death." His son, who was a 
J. P. of Aberdeenshire, and laird of Comalegie, 
in the parish of Drumblade, died in 1876. 
Upon ail adjoining granite slab : — 

This tablet, erected by their family, is sacred 
to the memory of James Christie, formerly sur- 
geon in Huntly, and of his wife Catherine-Jane 
Humphrey, also of their children. 



Here also are interred the remains of the Rev. 
Alexander Reid, for many years the very faitli- 
ful and much respected minister of Portsoy, who 
died 7th Feb., 1863. &c. 

In the next inscription is the name of an- 
other benefactor to his race — the last-named 
having founded the " Duncan Bequest" at 
Cullen. Tliis charity consists of rents, amount- 
ing to about £30 a year, which are applied 
for the education of children of Established 
Church parents, and for the purchase of school 
books, &c. : — 

This stone was erected to the memory of 
William Duncan, late blacksmith in Cullen, 
and Elspet Steinson, his spouse, by their son, 
James Duncan, late blacksmith in Cullen, who 
died March, A.D. 1818, aged 85 years, whose 
spouse, Margaret Brkmner, died Nov., 1807, 
aged 71 years, and reinscribed by her son Alex. 
Duncan, blacksmith in Cullen, A.D. 1833. Here 
also lies the remains of Janet Currie, spouse of 
Alex. Duncan, who died 25th Oct., 1842, aged 
56 years, and the remains of the said Alex. 
Duncan, who died 20th Dec, 1845, aged 69 
years. 
From a headstone : — 

This stone is erected by Thomas Riddoch, cap- 
tain of the ship Ann, Bombay, Ea,st Indies, in 
memory of his parents, George Riddoch. late 
schoolmaster, Fordyce, obt. 18th Jan., 1779, in 
the 45th year of his age ; and his spouse Ann 
Fridge, obt. 18th Oct., 1816, in the 73d year of 
her age. And also of his brother, George 
Riddoch, Esq., Member of the Royal CoUege of 
Surgeons, London, who died at Fordyce 28th 
Maixh, 1827, in the 48th year of his age. 
— Mr. Eiddoch was a native of Fochabers, and 
on becoming a candidate for the school of 
Fordyce, he presented a letter of introduction 
from a friend to the Earl of Findlater. His 
lordship, who told him that he knew nothing 
further of him than what the note contained, 
assured him that the school of Fordyce was 
no ordinary prize, and that the schoolmas- 
ter must be well versed in Latin, Greek, 
Mathematics, &c. To this, it is added, Mr. 
Pdddoch, bluntly replied—" Faith, my Lord, 
I'm just the man for it !"— an answer which 
is said to have pleased his lordship so much 



FORDYCE. 



105 



that Eiddoch received the school, -which he 
continued to conduct with credit and honour. 
To one of Mr. Eiddoch's successors, the late 
Eev. Mr. Geo. Stephen, who was a laborious 
teacher, and a worthy man, we are indebted 
for some information in this notice. 

Within an enclosure are seven tombstones 
relatuig to different members of a family 
named Wilson, one of whom, John, long 
factor on the Seafield estates, died in 18.52, 
aged 50. The following is copied from the 
oldest of these monuments : — 

This tombstone is erected by John Wilson, in 
Brangan, to the memory of his most worthy 
wife, Jean Wilson, who died the 4th day of 
July, 1780, in the 43d year of her age, and 
the 20th year of her marriage. Here also rest 
the remains of her husband, John Wilson, son 
of Alexander Wilson and Janet Steiuson in 
Badenyouchere, who died at Badenyouchere, on 
the 11th day of Apiil, 1820, aged 86 yeai-s. 

A headstone bears this record of a cen- 
tenarian : — 

In memory of James Strachan, wright in 
Fordyce, who died 6th May, 1804, aged 55. 
His spouse, Ann Mitchell, who died 7th Nov., 
1861, aged 100 years, &c. 

The prose portion of the following epitaph 
is round the margin of a table-shaped stone, 
the rhyme and a boldly carved figure of a ship 
being upon the face of it : — 

This is the burial place of James Findlat, 
shipmaster in Portsoy, .... and his spouse 
Katherine Ogilvie ; — 

In aU our place the first I was 

A weshel Coud Command : 

Brave Sailoi-s Bred by me there was, 

That now Brings plenty to our Land. 

Thro' Angi-y Seas I often Plued, 

And now in Dust I am Imbrued ; 

My Cares, Feai-s, Joys, toyls, being Ended, 

To God my Soule I've Recommended. 

The remaining inscriptions are from vari- 
ously-shaped tombstones in different parts of 
the burial-ground : — 

Here lyes ane honest man called Iames 
Strachan, who died Feb. 16, 1660. 



[2.]_ 
Here is interred the bodie of William Aven, 
farmer, Tillyuaught, who died Oct. 21, 1761, 
aged 70 years. 

[3.] 
This stone is laid here by William Stiuson, in 
memory of his aunt Ianet Peterkin, who died 
Ivue the 12, in Sandend, 17 — 
[4.] 
Her lies the corps of George Ogilvt and 
Elspet Wilson : he March 4, 17 — , and her in 
1722 died. 

[5.] 
This stone was erected by Ann Prott, Portsoy, 
in memory of her affectionate husband Alex- 
ander Watt, who died on board the Geuerall 
Muuk, in the American War, Oct., 1781, aged 
29. In memory also of her daughter Elspet 
Watt, who died July 13, 1793, aged 15 years. 

[6.] 
In the faith of Jesus, are deposited here the 
remains of Mr. William Fordyce, who held the 
office of schoolmaster of Marnoch for 30 years 
previous to 1812, when, in consequence of in- 
creasing indisposition, he retu-ed to the farm of 
Craigmills, in this parish, where he finished his 
earthly cai'eer, 25 Dec, 1819, in the 55th year of 
his age . . . Henrietta Brodie, his widow, 
died 1842, ased 82. Then- grandson, George 
Tait, M.D., Cullen, died 1856, aged 22, &c. 

Erected in memory of Archibald Inglis, let 
staymaker, Portsoy, who departed this life 3rd 
Feb. 1822, aged 85 years. Also, his spouse, Jean 
Mann, who departed this life 15th Nov. 1818, 
after a long iUness, aged 81 years. 
[8.] 

To the memory of George Wilson, student, 
in Ordens, parish of Boyndie, who was removed 
by an all-wise Providence from his prospects of 
usefulness in the Church on earth, 27th Oct., 
1834, aged 27. This stone is dedicated by his 
neighboui's and acquaintances as a mark of their 
esteem for his Christian character. 

[9.] 
Hear lys T. E. : I. E. : M. E. : G. E. : E. E. 

[10.] 
W. F. 1735 : . . . . 1732 ; I. F. 1736 years. 

[11.] 
This stone is placed here by John Bartlet, in 
Brodysord, in memory of his father, who died in 
the year of God, 1762, aged 61. 



106 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



S. Tarkin's Well, in the burn of Fordyce, 
near the old kirk, was long believed to have 
a good effect in curing scorbutic and other 
cutaneous diseases. " Tarkin" is the local 
name of Talaricanus. 

The village was erected into a burgh of 
barony in 1499, at the instance of Bishop El- 
phinstone of Aberdeen, with the privilege of a 
weekly market, which bore the name of the 
patron saint. The fair of Summarulf ( ] S. 
Malruib) was long held at the hill-end of 
Fordyce, and Hallow Fair stands near the 
town. 

Besides the ruins of the church, which ex- 
hibit traces of the Perpendicular style of 
architecture, an adjoining house, inscribed 
" ANXO 1592," and upon which are also the 
initials of M. T. 0., in monogram, presents 
some interesting features of the Scotch baronial 
style. This house is one of the principal 
features of the village. It was long ruinous, 
but the present Earl of Seafield had it restored 
and made habitable soon after he succeeded 
to the esiates. 

In addition to what has been already stated 
regarding the proprietary history of the parish 
of Fordyce, it may be added that the Thane- 
dom of Boyne, which extended from at least 
the Burn of Boyne on the east, to the Burn of 
Cullen on the west, belonged to the knightly 
family of Edmonstone (Epitaphs, i. 200), and 
that one of the co-heiresses, who married the 
second son of the first Ogilvie of Fiudlater, 
became ancestor of the Ogilvies of Dunlugas, 
afterwards Lords Banff. 

The lands of Findlater were farmed for the 
King's interest down to about 13-58 (Cham- 
berlain EoUs). Sometime previous to the last 
day of July, 1 366, they were held by a vassal, 
who assumed his surname therefrom, and was 
designed Fynleter of that Ilk. This appears 
from a charter by David II., who granted 
Richard of Saint Clair the whole lands of 



Fynleter, with pertinents, which had belonged 
to John of Fynleter of that Ilk. 

In 1381, Kichard of St. Clare, who is de- 
scribed as the King's shieldbearer, had a re- 
newal of the grant of Fynleter, to which were 
added "le Grieueschip (or charge of the King's 
lands) de Cullane," &c. Ten years later, 
Jolm, Earl of ]Moray, had a royal charter of 
the esehate of the barony of Deskford " que 
fuerunt quondam Johannis de Santo Claro ad 
cornu positi ut concepimus et defunoti," also 
the lands of Fynletter, which belonged to 
Eichard of Saint Clare. Eichard was possibly 
connected in some way with the Earls of 
Orkney, since (23rd April, 1391) a person of 
that name witnesses a charter by the Earl to 
his brother David, of the lands of Ifewburgh 
and Auchdale, in Aberdeenshire. 

Crawford (Peerage, 142), says that Sir John 
Sinclair, who possessed the barony of Desk- 
ford in the time of Eobert II., had a son and 
heir, Ingram, who was succeeded by a son 
John. The latter fell at Harlaw, 1411, and 
his only child, Margaret, brought the lands of 
Findlater and I'eskford, by marriage, to Sir 
Walter Ogilvie of Auchleven, son of Ogilvy 
of Lintrathen, from which time (1437) this 
branch of the Ogilvies carried the Sinclair 
along with their own paternal coaifsupra, 101). 

It was Sir Walter Ogilvie of Deskford and 
Findlater who, in 145.5, had a licence from 
the King " to fortify his Castle of Findlater 
with an embattled wall of lime and stone, and 
all other necessaries for a place of strength." 

Soon after the succession of the grandson of 
the erector of the Castle of Findlater, James 
IV. made his celebrated pilgrimage to the 
shrine of S. Duthac at Tain ; and it is re- 
corded that during the short stay of the King 
at Strathbogie, when on his return from the 
north, in October, 1505, the sum of 7s. Scots 
was given to " Alexander Law to pas to Fmd- 
later for ane halk" (Stuart's Isle of May). 



PORTSOY. 



107 



The castle was usurped by the Gordons 
during the quarrel which ensued by the set- 
ting aside of the succession of the eldest 
son of Sir Alexander Ogilvie, but it is said 
to have been occupied by the family until 
about the close of the reign of James VI. 
The ruins occupy a very romantic position 
upon a rock which projects into the sea, in the 
vicinity of some curious caves ; and from a 
description of the castle, and a spirited en- 
graving of it in CorJiner's Remarkable Euins 
of the Korth of Scotland (1786), it appears to 
have been a much larger place than it is at 
the present time. 

The most remarkable hillock in the parisli 
was upon the farm of Auchmore. It con- 
tained stone coffins, urns, and several bronze 
relics ; but as the Stat. Accts. of Fordyce con- 
tain pretty full notices of its pre-historic and 
later antiquities, as well as of the history of 
the bursaries which were left for educational 
purposes by Walter Ogilvie of Kedhythe and 
others, these need not be repeated liere. It 
may only be said that these bursaries, together 
with the superior emoluments enjoyed by the 
teachers, have had the effect of obtaining ex- 
cellent masters for the schools of Fordyce ; 
and among the numerous scholars who have 
been educated there few have acquired more 
general fame than Sir John Forbes and Sir 
James Clark, before referred to. Mr. Williaji 
EoBERTSON, who became Deputy-Keeper of 
the Kecords in the Register House, Edin- 
burgh, was also taught there. Among the 
more valuable of his works are an Index to 
Scottish Charters from 1309 to 1413, and 
Proceedings relating to the Peerage of Scot- 
land. He presented to the parish library a 
copy of the former work, accompanied by a 
letter dated 22nd Feb., 1779, and also sent a 
copy of the charter erecting the village of 
Fordyce into a burgh of barony (s. Appendix). 
He was ancestor of the late Mr. Eobertson of 



Logan House, near Edinburgh, who was the 
father of the present Countess of Dalliousie. 

[Ins. compd. by Mr. Wm. Smith, schoolmr.] 

p r 1 1) ♦ 

(S. COLM OK COLUMB.-V, ABBOT.) 

SCOLM'S chapel stood at the Aird, 
" " hard by the toune [of Portsoy], 
where now [1724] is a large meeting-house, 
lately buildit." This was possibly one of 
the " I^'onjuring Meeting Houses" that were 
burned by the Koyalists in 1746, and which, 
one of Cumberland's followers remarks, " our 
Soldiers (very deservedly) took no small 
pleasure in destroying — they being as Semi- 
naries for training up Eoman Catholics and 
Eebels." 

The whole of the royal army met here when 
on its way to CuUoden, and being too numer- 
ous to get quarters, the foot were encamped 
for a " night on some ploughed ground to the 
right of the town, and the horse lay in the 
towns" (i.e. adjoining farms). It was on this 
occasion that, to show their dislike to WUliam, 
Prince of Orange, the rebels in the Enzie 
conferred the name of Stinkin' Willie upon 
the " weebo" or ragwort, an orange-colom-ed 
and obnoxious plant common in the district. 

The town of Portsoy, which the writer 
above quoted admits to be " a pretty enough 
small village," is locally situated within the 
parish of Fordyce. Portsoy was made a 
preaching station in connection with the 
Established Church in 1741, and in 1836, it 
and portions of adjoining districts were erected 
into a quoad sacra parish under the name of 
Portsoy. 

The church, which stands in a prominent 
part of the town, was built in 1815. It has 



108 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



undergone many improvements of late, and a 
clock tower, quite recently erected by public 
subscription, adds greatly to the appearance 
both of the church and the town, while a 
clock and chime of bells, which were placed 
in the tower at the expense of Mr. F. P. 
Wilson, a native of the place, who has been 
a successful merchant abroad, add much to 
the comfort of the inhabitants, and to the 
interest of visitors. The old kirk bell, now 
upon the schoolhouse at Portsoy, bears : — • 

FOR THE USE OF THE PRESBYTEEIAN 

CHUECH, PORTSOY. 

JOHN SPICHT, ROTTERDAM. 1746. 

The burial ground or cemetery, which was 
Litely extended, lies upon the sloping ground 
S.E. of the town. It was opened for burial 
about 1720, and from some of the monuments 
or gravestones the following inscriptions are 
selected : — 

Here lyes Tames Lego, an honest man, who 
dyd lary. the 15, anno Domn 1723 ; and Ianet 
Hay, his wife. 

[2.] 

THiS STONiS 
AReCTeD BE ME 
WilliaM . PLOVC 
H . Man Sea - MA 
n in PORT-SOy AND 
EISPeT Allan SPO 
VS WilliaM AND 
JOHn z EISPeT z 
MaROaT zCKlDREn 
DECEaCED. 

[3.] 

HERE LYES THE BODY OF lOHN WRIGHT, MERCHT. 
THURSO, CAITHNES, WHO DIED MARCH 22d 1766. 

[4.] 
In memory of William Tatlor, a master in 
the Royal Navy, who died at Portsoy, 20th June, 
1797, aged 31 years. This monument is erected 
by his°motber, Mavgi-et Eeid, whose husband, 
aiso William Taylor, was buried near this 
place. &c. 



[5.] 

Erected to the memory of Chas. Robertson, 
Esq., late factor to MacLeod of MacLeod, who 
died 10th July, 1812, aged 62 years (beloved by 
all who knew him), by his disconsolate widow, 
Janet Gauld. 

[6.] 

Beneath are interred the remains of William 
Gauld, Esq., surgeon in His Majesty's Service, 
who died at Portsoy, 11th May, 181B, in the 
75th year of his age." He was a dutiful son, a 
kind brother, a most affectionate husband, a 
sincere friend, a humane physician, and a truly 
pious, honest man. As also of his widow, Mi-s. 
Elizabeth Gauld, a truly pious Christian, who 
died at Portsoy, 15th Feb., 1825, aged 84, and 
daughter to Wm. Gordon, Esq., late of Shilagreen. 
— Dr. Gauld's father was minister at Culsal- 
mond, in which parish the property of Shila- 
green is situated. 

[7.] 

Erected in affectionate remembrance of 1st 
Lieut. Alexr. Wilson, E.N., a zealous officer, 
and a sincere Chi-istian, who died at Portsoy, 
21 Sept., 1817, aged 43 yeare. Also of his sou 
James, who was lost at sea, on 12th Feb., 1827, 
aged 20 years. [Jean Gray, widow of Lt. W., 
died at Keith, 1847, aged 72. Their youngest 
daughter, Emma, widow of John Stronach, late 
of Muiryfold, died in 1870, aged 54.] 

[8.] 

In memory of the Eevd. Daniel Cruicksh.\i»k, 
minister of Portsoy, who died on 9th Nov., 1828, 
aged 90 yeai's. 

The armorial bearings, a demi-lion for crest, 
and a cheveron between three mullets are 
upon the monument from which the next in- 
scription is copied : — 

[9.] 

In memory of James Wilson, Esq of Caim- 
banno, who died at Rose Acre Cottage, Oct. 27th, 
1 833, aged 42 years ; and of his spouse, Jane 
Margaret Knight, who died in Portsoy, Oct. 
3J, 1863, aged 79 years. 

[10.] 

Beneath this stone, sheltered from the stortas 
of life, lie interred all which could die of Captain 
Alexander Gordon, late of the 92d Regt. of 
Foot, son of the Rev. Mr. Gordon of Daviot, 
Inverness-shire. His body was carried to this 
coast by the waters of the ocean, after havmg 
been drowned at Portmahomack, on the 12th of 



PORTSOY. 



109 



Jan., 1834, in the 41st year of bis age. His 
early death was deeply lamented by his com- 
panions in arms, who esteemed him as a brave 
and excellent soldier ; as well as by his acquaint- 
ances and relations, who lost in him a dutiful 
sou, an atfectionate brother, and a. valued friend. 
This memorial is erected by his affectionate rela- 
tives in the hope of meeting him again at the 
resurrection of the just. "The things which are 
seen are temporal ; but the things which are not 
seen are eternal." 

[11.] 

Erected to the memory of Elizabeth Bond, 
long a respected teacher of youth, who died at 
Portsoy, on Ascension Day, 1839, by her atTec- 
tionate pupil Colina Watson, in grateful remem- 
brance of her disinterested friendship and many 
amiable qualities. 

— Miss Bond, whose father was a builder in 
Fortrose, wrote a work entitled Letters of a 
Village Governess, descriptive of rural scenery 
and manners, with anecdotes of Highland 
Children, &c. (2 vols. 8vo, 1814). Hugh 
Miller says that the book was offensive to 
many local magnates, who found counterparts 
of themselves in its pages. 

Besides the Established Church, Portsoy 
also contains Free, Independent, Episcopal, 
and Eomau Catholic places of worship, all of 
which are neat and ornamental buildings. 
The Eoman Catholic Chapel bears the name 
of the Church of the Annunciation, and the 
Episcopal Church is dedicated to John the 
Baptist. In the latter are four marble tablets, 
the inscriptions from which, also 1 and 2 above, 
have been kindly communicated, and the 
others at Portsoy compared, by Mr. Garland, 
Cowhythe : — 

[1.] 

In memory of Arthur Abercrombt of Glas- 
saugh, Esqre.: died 20th April 1859, in his 63rd 
year. Also of Elizabeth, his wife, daughter of 
John Innes of Cowie, Kincardineshire, Esqre. : 
died 13th September 1838, in her 30th year. 

— This was the second brother of Mr. Robert 
Duff of Fetteresso (Epitaphs, i. 76). He as- 
sumed the surname of Abereromhy, and mar- 
ried Miss Innes, by whom he became the 



father of the present Mr. 11. W. Dull' of 
Glassaugh and Fetteresso, M.P. 

[2.] 
In memory of James Wilson, Esq", of Cairn- 
banno, who died at Rose Acre Cottage, 27th 
October 1833, aged 42 years. 

— Mr. Wilson's paternal name was Rekl, and 
his father was a merchant in Portsoy. He 
had a sister married to Mr. Forbes of Boyndlie, 
in Tyrie ; also three brothers who went to 
Jamaica, one of whom was a surgeon, and an- 
other a lieutenant in the army. On succeed- 
ing his maternal uncle in the properties of 
Cairnbanno, Auchmunziel, and Botchell, Mr. 
Eeid assumed the surname of Wilson, but 
having no issue, he sold the properties before 
his death. His uncle, who was fanner of 
Ardo, in Deskford, came to his fortune by 
marrying a rich widow. Mr. Wilson and his 
wife were both interred at Portsoy (supra, in- 
scription [9.] p. 108). 

[3.] 
In memory of the Eeverend Alexander 
Cooper, A.M., pastor of this Church for 30 
yeare, and by whose exertions it was chiefly 
built, died 10th September, 1863, aged 56 years. 
This tablet is erected by his attached Con- 
gregation and Friends, in token of their sorrow 
and esteem. 

[4.] 
^ In memory of Francis William Ward, 
who died 14th July, 1869, aged 51 years. 



The Loch of Soy is the only fresh water 
lake in the parish of Fordyce ; and the town 
of Portsoy, which is named from its proximity 
to the point where the burn of Soy falls into 
the sea, was erected into a burgh of barony in 
1550. In 1681, Sir Patrick Ogilvie, of Boyne, 
had liberty to hold a weekly market at Portsoy 
(Acta Pari). 

A place called The Castle Brae shows that 
there was a stronghold at Portsoy at one time, 
although it is not mentioned either by Moni- 
pennie or Gordon. The remains of another 



no 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



castle, and tlie sito of a third are pointed 
out in the same neighbourhood. 

Portsoy has a small but safe harbour. Be- 
sides some picturesque old buildings, it con- 
tains many good dwelling-houses and shops, 
also two branch banks ; and, since the con- 
struction of the railway, of which it is a 
terminus, the trade of the place has very 
much increased. It contains a population of 
over 1800 inhabitants, and had, until lately, 
a weekly newspaper, the editor of which 
wrote a volume of Poems and Songs (Abdn., 
1854), in which, as well as in Cumming's Tales 
of the North (Banff, 1847), there are many 
pieces of local interest. 

Portsoy was famous at one time for a sort of 
serpentine rock found in its vicinity, of which 
chimney-piece and other ornaments were made. 
It was known as Portsoy marble at home, and 
Scotch marble abroad. Tliere are also inte- 
resting specimens of mica-schist, asbestos of a 
greenish tint, and a flesh-coloured granite, un- 
known (it is said) in any other part of the world 
except in Arabia, and which, wlien poli.shed, 
exhibits figures bearing a fancied resemblance 
to the characters of the Arabic alphabet (Stat. 
Acct). The existence of the serpentine, and 
some other peculiarities of the district, are 
thus summed up in Jack's Rhyming Geography 
of Aberdeen, Banff, and Moray (1876) : — 

Fordyce for schools has long been known, 

Portsoy for serpentine ; 
Sandend's on coast, while Cowhythe Hill 

Deflects the plummet line. 



(S. COLM OK COLUMBA, ABBOT.) 

COKTACHY or Cortaghi, was " ane of the 
common kirks" of the diocese of Brechin, 
and is rated at 20 merks in the Taxation of 
Scotch benefices in 1275. 



When Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl, re- 
ceived charters of the barony of Cortachy in 
1409, he made a gift of the advocation of the 
church, and other privileges, to the Chapter 
of the Cathedi-al of Brechin. Twenty years 
thereafter lie gave an annual of £40 Scots for 
the support of " twa chapellanyss and sax 
chyldir," who were bound to pray in " the 
cathedral kyrk of Brechyne, to God and his 
modir Marie," for " the heill" of the Earl's 
soul, and for those of his ancestors and suc- 
cessors (Eeg. Ep. Brechin). 

The kirks of Cortachy and Clova were both 
served, in 1574, by Mr. James Ogilvy, who 
had the kirk lands and a money stipend of 
£106 13s. 4d. Scots, out of which he "sustenand 
his awin reidar. " The readership at Cortachy, 
then vacant, is valued at £20 Scots. 

The parishes of Cortachy and Clova were 
united in 1618, but in 1860 the latter was 
erected into a quoad sacra of the former. The 
churches are about ten miles apart, and that 
of Cortachy is situated within the policies and 
close to the gate of the princijsal carriage-drive 
to Cortachy Castle. 

The time of the building of the last church 
of Cortachy is unknown; but if an old awni- 
bry of freestone, which suggests a comparison 
with that of Fowlis-Easter, is to be taken as 
any evidence, the date may be safely fixed at 
about the end of the 15th or the beginnmg 
of the 16th century. 

The writer of the Old Stat. Acct. says that 
the church of Cortachy was " built about 300 
years ago. . . . One third of it is excel- 
lent workmanship, being of cut stone, nicely 
compacted ; the remaining part is coarse, and 
seems to be of much later date." The old 
church continued until the building of the 
present edifice, which was long considered one 
of the handsomest places of worship in the 
district. A slab in the east gable contains 
this notice of its erection : — 



CORTACHY. 



Ill 



Tliis Edifice was erected, Anno Domini, 1828, 
by David, 7tli Earl of Aii'lie, on the site of the 
old church. David Paterson, ai'cliitect ; Peter 
Scott, builder. 

The burial aisle of the Ogilvys of Airlie, 
which was within the old kirk, is now 
attached to the east end of the new one, and 
a niche in the north wall (outside) contains 
fragments of carved stones which were saved 
when the old kirk was taken down. These 
consist of armorial bearings, and the elaborately 
carved awmbry before referred to. Of the 
former, which belongs to various families and 
periods, three shields, initialed I. H., G. M., 
and I. 0., are charged respectively with the 
Heron, Mercer, and OgUvy coats, the last 
having a mullet or star in the dexter corner, 
also the date of 1614. The fourth and fifth 
shields, charged with the Ogilvy and Wood 
arms respectively, are thus initialed and 
dated : — 

22 1614 21 

D. O. M. V. 

As the mullet has reference to a third son, 
possibly the shield belonged to David Ogilvy, 
of Lawton, in Perthshire. He was the third 
son of Lord Ogilvy, who died in 1606. 

An escutcheon, charged with the arms of 
the seventh Earl of Airlie and his second 
wife. Miss Bruce, of Cowden, is fixed to the 
ceiling of the burial aisle. The first three 
inscriptions below are from a marble monu- 
ment of three compartments, which is built 
into the west wall of the aisle : — 

Erected by David, Seventh Earl of Airlie, in 
kind and dutiful remembrance of his Parents, 
Brother, and Uncle : — 

In memory of David, Fifth Earl of Airlie, 
who died at Cortachy Castle, 3rd March, 1803, 
aged 78. HLs Lordship, in the generous en- 
thusiasm of youth, joined the Chevalier at 
Edinburgh in October, 1745, with a regiment of 
six himdred men, and continued loyal and true 
to his cause. He afterwards entered the French 
service, in which he obtained the rank of 
Lieutenaut-Geueral. In 1778 His Majesty, 



George the Third, was pleased to restore him to 
his coimtry and estates, where his true nobleness 
and kindness of disposition will long be held in 
respectful and afTectionate remembrance. 
— The silver drinking cup and sword, which 
are said to have been used by Lord Ogilvy at 
Culloden, are at Cortachy Castle. Upon the 
cup are the Ogilvy arms, and this inscrip- 
tion : — • 

6'/ In Fortune me tourmente^ 

V Esperance me eontente. 
[If Fortune torments me, Hope contents me.] 

The sword is inscribed thus : — 

Wer nicht Lust hat zu schoenen Pferd, 
Fin blanken Schwerdtf 
Fin schoenen Weib, 
Hat Icein Soldatenherz in Leib. 
[The man who feels no delight in a gallant steed, 
a bright sword, and a fair lady, has not in his breast 
the heart of a soldier.] 

— Before going to France, Lord Ogilvy fled to 
Bergen in Norway, where he and his com- 
panions were made prisoners. Having escaped 
to Sweden, Lord Ogilvy entered the French 
service, in which he remained until he pro- 
cured a free pardon in 1778. He was twice 
married, but had issue only by his first wife, 
Margaret, daughter of Sir James Johnstone, 
of Westerhall, Bart. This lady was an enthu- 
siastic Jacobite, and was present at the battle 
of Culloden, where she and the Ladies Gordon, 
Kinloch, and Mackintosh were taken prisoners, 
and sent to Edinburgh Castle. Lady Ogilvy 
made her escape from the castle on 21st 
Nov., where she had been confined from the 
middle of June, and finding her way to 
France, she died there in 1757, aged 33. Her 
only son (who never took the title of Earl) 
died unmarried in 1812, and was succeeded 
by his uncle Walter as sixth Earl of Airlie : — 

[2.] 
In memory of Walter, Sixth Earl of Airlie, 
a most respected and venerable nobleman, who 
died at Cortachy Castle, on the 10th of April, 
1819, in the 86th year of his age. And of Jane, 
his Countess, a worthy and beneficent lady, who 
died on the 11th of June, 1818, aged 56. 



112 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



— Earl Walter had no family by his first 
wife, who was a daughter of Fullerton of 
Spynie ; but by his second, a daughter of 
ifohn Ogilvy, of JMurthil, physician in Forfar, 
he had five sons and eight daughters (Epitaphs, 
i. 375). The following records the death of 
the eldest of these sons : — 
[3.] 

In memory of Captain John Oqilvy, of the 
First Regiment of Foot, a brave and promising 
officer, who died at Berbice on the 24th August, 
1809, in the 26th year of his age, greatly beloved 
and lamented. 

The next two inscriptions are from tablets 
on the north wall of the aisle : — 

[^•] 
In memory of Clementina, Coimtess of Airlie, 
who died in London on the 1st of September, 
1835, in the 41st year of her age, and whose 
mortal remains are here interred. As a most 
dutiful and affectionate Wife, and a Mother, she 
was a pattern to her sex, in all duty and aifection ; 
to the Poor and needy a bomitiful, considerate, 
and imwearied friend ; and, after giving an 
edifying example of devout resignation to the 
Divine will under many and long protracted 
sufferings, she departed this fife in the faith of a 
crucified and risen Redeemer, universally beloved, 
honoured, and lamented. Erected by her be- 
reaved, sorrowful, and devoted husband, David, 
Earl of Airlie. 

— This lady, the first wife of Earl David, 
was the only child and heiress of Gavin 
Deummond, of Keltie, who died in 1809. 
Besides the present Earl of Airlie and a 
family of daughters, who survived her. 
Countess Clementina had a son. Lord 
Walter, and a daughter. Lady Arbdthxott- 
OoiLvr, who both died young in 1824, 
neither of whom is mentioned in peerage 
books. Their maternal grandmother, Clemex- 
TiNA Graham, also died in 1824, aged 66, 
and her remains and those of the two children 
lie in the Canongate Churchyard, Edinburgh, 
beside those of Mr. Drummond. 

[5.] 
Sacred to the memory of Margaret Bruce, 
Countess of Airlie, who departed this life at 



Brighton, Sussex, on the eighteenth of June, 
1845, aged 39, having given birth to twin sons 
on the sixteenth of the same month. The 
Countess left four sons to her attached husband, 
David, Earl of Airlie, by whom this tablet is 
erected in grateful memory of an aifectionate 
wife. Interred here 9th of July, 1845. 

— Countess Margaret (the seventh Earl's second 
wife) was the only child and heiress of William 
Bruce, of Cowden, in the parish of Muckart, 
and the next inscription refers to her hus- 
band : — 

[6.] 
By David-Graham-Drummond, 8th Earl of 
Airlie, this tablet is erected, in grateful and 
dutiful remembrance of his father, David, 7th 
Earl of Airlie. His kindness of heart and 
consideration for others won for him the love 
and esteem of those among whom he lived, and 
a place in the hearts of his people, whose welfare 
was his chief object. He died 20th August, 
1849, in the 65th year of his age, after a long 
and painf id illness, which he bore with Christian 
patience and fortitude. 

The tablet from which the next inscription 
is copied (E. Gaffen, sculp,, Regt. St., Lon- 
don), is upon the east wall of the aisle. It 
contains the representation of an angel si>aring 
among the clouds, guiding a female to Heaven, 
Heaven being indicated by a crown in the 
midst of a nimbus or the rays of the sun. The 
plinth is thus inscribed : — 

[7.] 

Sacred to the memory of Maria, wife of the 

jjf,jjbie. Donald Ogilvy of Clova, who departed 

this life at Leamington Priors, on the 9th of 

AprU 1843, aged 52 years. 

— This lady had a large family by her hus- 
band, and among the survivors are Mr. 
Donald and Miss Dorothea Maria Ogilvy, 
both of whom are well-known contributors to 
the poetical literature of their country. Their 
father, who was the immediate younger 
brother of the late Earl of Airlie, and Colonel 
of the Forfarshire Militia, died 30th Decem- 
ber, 1863. The next inscription refers to the 
third son of the same family : — 



CORTACHY. 



113 



[8.] 

In memoriam : David Ogilvt, nat. 10th April, 
A.D. 1826 ; ob. 20th July, A.D. 1857. 

Thou shalt call, and I will answer thee ; thou 
wilt have a desire to the work of thine hand. 
Job xiv. 15. 

• — Other two of the family of the Hon. Donald 
Ogilvy of Clova, and Maria his wife, are in- 
terred in the burial-ground of St. John's 
Episcopal Church, Edinburgh. These were 
Sar.\h-Augusta-Janet-Charlotte, who died 
in infancy, 9th April, 1830, and Clementixa- 
JuLiA, the wife of Capt. Kenneth B. Stuart, 
who died 12th Aug., 1857. A mouuinont, 
within the same enclosure, which relates to a 
maternal uncle of the Hon. Donald Ogilvy, 
and a brother of Dr. Ogilvy 's of Tannadice 
(Epitaphs, i. 211, 374), is thus inscribed : — 

Sacred to the memory of Walter Ogilvt, 
M.D., second son of the late Dr. Ogilvy, of For- 
far. Distinguished by high professional talent 
and universal benevolence of character, he was 
engaged during 42 yeare in the active duties of 
his profession as a military surgeon, in the ser- 
vice of the Honbls- East India Company, and for 
several years before his death filled the important 
situation of President of the Bengal Medical 
Board. On returning to England, he died on the 
voyage, 1st of May, 1826, aged 62 years, and his 
body was committed to the deep. His afflicted 
widow erected this simple tribute to the memory 
of a husband endeared by the uninterrupted af- 
fection of 30 years. 

— The remote ancestors of the Ogilvys of 
Airlie and Inverquharity, are said to have been 
brothers, whose seniority is doubtful, and sons 
of Gilbert, third son of Gillybride, second Earl 
of Angus. The surname of Ogilvy, which 
first appears in 12-50, is supposed to have been 
assumed from a place called the Glen of 
Ogilvy, in Glamis (Epitaphs, i. 185). 

Sir Walter Ogilvy, of Lintrathen, acquired 
the lands of Airlie about 1432, when he also 
received a royal licence to erect his tower of 
Airlie in form of a fortalice (Mem. Angus and 
the ]\Icarns). On 3rd March, 1458, his son. 
Sir John, received, upon his own resignation. 



a charter of the Mains and Castle of Airlie, 
which were held blench for a pair of gilt spurs, 
or X40 Scots, as the price thereof (Notes of 
Scottish Charters, MIS.) Sir John's son was 
created Baron Ogilvy in 1491, and in 1639, 
the eighth Baron was raised to the dignity of 
an Earl. 

The present Earl of Airlie, who was Com- 
missioner to the General Assembly in 1872, 
married a daughter of Lonl Stanley, of Alder- 
lejj ^J Tvhom he has two sons and four daugh- 
ters. His lordship, who recently acquired by 
purchase the adjoining estate of Downie Park, 
has also enlarged and altered Cortachy Castle, 
after plaos by the late David Bryce, E.S.A., 
in the Scotch baronial style. It is situated 
upon the south bank of the South Esk, within 
an extensive park, and surrounded by old 
trees. Ochterlony (c. 1682), who calls " Cor- 
taquhie the Earl of Airlie's speciall residence," 
describes it " as a good house, well planted, 
and lies pleasantly on the water of South 
Esk." 

The south-east corner or tower of the " good 
house" of Guynd's time, which has been kept 
up and incorporated with the new buildings, 
possesses a certain degree of historical interest. 
This arises from the fact that, when Charles 
II. made the famous Start from " his friends" 
at Perth, in 1 650, he not only was entertained 
in this part of the castlo, but was also con- 
veyed to a bedroom in it when he was brought 
from Clova, where his Court found him 
stretched "in a nasty room, on an old bolster, 
above a matt of seggs and rushes, overwearied 
and very fearfull." The copy of the Book of 
Common Prayer which the King is said to 
have used when at Cortachy, is still there. 

The annexed woodcut, from a sketch by 
Mr. S. Geekie, gives an excellent representa- 
tion of one of the most interesting of the 
tombstones of the period. It is from an in- 
cised slab at Cortachy, and, besides having a 



114 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



curious arrangement, it exhibits some interest- 
ing articles that were used by " wake" mer- 
chants, and by fulling millers in carding or 
manufacturing wool : — 



, r- r AN WAR ^^ . .^X/ HO ♦: 50^ 
f gvA MD-Pil $;; ^ . •DEiPARt E D^ ^ 
i gi;Al G-W.O S: r-i -T- H E- 2F0 F'S 




iiN I Hb SVW'-am'dTt'lHJi^ 



— The antiquity of the surname of Wollom or 
Volum in Forfarshire has been referred to in 
the Land of the Lindsays, 170; also in Epi- 
taphs, i. 374 ; and that of Philp or Philip, is 
of long standing in the localities of Arbroath, 
Glamis, &c. 

The next inscription, beautifully carved 
round the margin of a flat slab, and in 
interlaced capitals, exhibits the date of 1655, 
as 16505 — the being equivalent to the word 
and — a curious form of tiguriug which is not 
yet obsolete in Scotland. The date of 1716, 
and some modern lettering (nearly obliterated) 
are upon the face of the stone. Near the foot 
are the words memento mori, together with 
mortuary emblems, and the initials, I. P. 
(Philip), I. C. :— 



HEIR . LTETH . JOHN D . 

IN . CLACHNETBRAIN . WHO . DEPAIRTED . THIS . 

LIFE . IDN . THE . 10 . 16505 . HIS . AGE . 

WAS . 64 . AND . HIS . SPOUS . lANET . CANT . 

WHO . DEPAIKTED . THIS . . . MAT . THE . 
6 . 1644. PULVIS . ET . UMBRA . SUMUS. 

A scripture quotation is carved round the 
sides of a table-shaped stone from which the 
next inscription is copied. Among a mass of 
ornamental carving at the top, are a buckler 
and a sword, with the initials I.W., and the 
date of 1732. The inscription (in which 
" Doaf " is an error for Doal, a farm in Glova,) 
is upon the face of the stone, and has been 
revised or renewed at some period: — 

This stone was erected by Alexander Winter, 
tennent in the Doaf, in memory of James 
Winter, his father's brother, who died on 
Peathaugh, in the paiish of Glenisla, the 3d 
January 1732, aged 72. 

Here lyes James Vintep,, who died at Peat- 
haugh, 

Who fought most valointly at y" Water of 
Saughs, t 

Along w' Ledeuhendry, who did command y' 
day, 

They Vanquis the Enemy, & made them 
Emm away. 

Pulvis et umbra sumus 
1 1707. 
— "When we copied the above, some thirty years 
ago, neither the reference at the end of the 
second line of the verse, nor the date of 
1707 was upon the stone. On inquiry, we 
tind that these were added about the year 
1852, without the knowledge or consent of 
Winter's descendants, some of whom are still 
in the parish, by "w. eeid, s. edin.," who, in 
the form here given, has also cut his own 
name upon the stone. The date of 1707 is 
set down upon the authority of an account 
of " the Chace of Fearn," or the engagement 
above referred to, which was written by the 
late Eev. Mr. D. Harris, of Fearn. 

The affray, generally known as " the Battle 
of Saughs," has been celebrated by more than 
one local bard. It arose from a raid made by 



CORTAGHY. 



115 



a band of Caterans or Highland freebooters 
upon the adjoining parish of Fearn, probably 
sometime towards the close of the 17th 
century. " The battle " resulted in the defeat 
of the robbers by the Lowlanders, of whom 
Winter was one, under the leadership of John 
M'liitosh, farmer of Ledenhendry (Land of 
the Lindsays, 208-U ; Epitaphs, i. 355). 
From a loose slab at Cortachy : — • 

Hie subtus jacent reliquiae Ann.e Far- 
QDHARSON, Mrf. Gulielmi Badenach, Pastoris 
Evaugelici in liis parochijs charissimse nxoris. 
Nata; X"'" Martij anno MDCC — , obijt 27""' 
Octobris 1736. Hasc corpus, sydera mentem. 

[Here below lie the remains of Ann Far- 
QUHARSON, the dearly beloved wife of Mr. Wm. 
Badenach, minister of the Gospel in the.se 
parishes. Born March 10, 17 — , she died Oct. 
27, 1736. Her body is here, her spirit in heaven.] 

— The above inscription relates to the first 
wife of the Eev. Mr. Badenach, who was 
translated from Cortachy to Alford, where he 
died in 1746 (Epitaphs, i. 117). 
Abridged from a headstone : — 

Katerine Lewchars, wife of Jas. Sime, 
gardener, Cortachy, d. 1 749. — " Having lived 
a chaste maid, a virtuous and loving wife, a 
prudent mother, and to crown all, a good 
Christian." 

From a headstone : — 

A la m(5moire de Jane Wilson, dpouse de 
Francois Poraz, morte a Cortachy le 29 Sep- 
tembre 1832, ag^e de 35 ans. 

I leave the world without a tear. 
Save for the friends I hold so dear : 
To heal their sorrows Lord decend. 
And to the friendless prove a friend. 

— Poraz, who died iu 1868, aged 72, was 

buried in the Xew Cemetery of the parish, 

which is situated near the hamlet of Dyke-, 

head. 

From the east side of a small head stone : — 

Her lyes Iames Dwnkan who deprted Desem- 
ber the 18 day 1707, and his age was 59. Mar- 
garet Jak his spous, who dyed March 8 day, 
and her age 78 yers, 1726. 

A head stone at S.E. corner of the hirk bears : 



1743 : Here lyes David Watt, sometime in- 
dweller in Dykehead, who departed this life 
Novr. the 17th 1742, aged 41 years. 

Here lys a man of honest miud, 

By no mean arts alur'd. 
Who by a coui-se of verteous acts 
Eternal life secur'd. 

The following relates (supra, 97), to ances- 
tors of Shaw of Newliall, in Kettins : — 

Sacred to the memory of John Watt, tenant 
in Cullow, who departed this life 15th day of 
June, 1836, aged 97 yeare ; and of Janet Shaw, 
his spouse, who died 24th May 1819, aged 74 
years. 

A smaU headstone, near the S.E. corner of 

the kirkyard, initialed W. E., marks the grave 

of the late Eev. William Eamsay, who was 

minister here from 1795 until his death in 

1818. Mr. Eamsay, who came from the 

north country, was schoolmaster of Glamis 

before he became minister of Cortachy ; and 

it was during his time (as shown by the 

following inscription) that a bell, now upon 

the church of Glenprosen, was bought at the 

expense of the parish of Cortachy : — 

CAMPANA EMPTA IMPENSIS PARCECHI^ 

CORTACHENSIS, ANNO 1797, 

REVERENDO GULIELMO RAMSAY 

MINISTRO. 

[This Bell was purchased at the expense of the 
parish of Cortachy in the year 1797, during the 
ministry of the Eev. William Eamsay.] 

— One of Mr. Eamsay's sons became minister 
of Alyth and another was a writer in Edin- 
burgh. The latter married the daughter of 
Mr. John Ogilvy of Jamaica, a son of Ogilvy 
of Westhall, in Murroes, by whom he had 
the late Mr. George Eamsaj'-Ogilvj^ advocate, 
sometime sheriff-substitute at Dundee. Mr. 
Sheriif Ogilvy succeeded to Westhall in virtue 
of the settlement of a maternal aunt, and 
leaving no issue, he bequeathed the estate to 
his cousin, the Eev. David Ogilvy-Eamsay, 
minister of Closeburn, and second son of the 
minister of Alyth (Epitaphs,!. 125). 



116 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



The next inscription (from a head stone) re- 
fers to Mr. Eamsay's successor at Cortachy : — 

1826. — Neai- this stone, the bodies of the Eevd. 
John Gourlat, late minister of Cortachy, and 
of Sarah Ann Hunter, his wife, do rest in 
their graves till the Eesm-rection. Mr. Gonrlay 
was the youngest son of Mr. John Gourlay, a 
Burgess of Brechin. He was born in 1756, and 
died in the 70th year of his age. For more than 
30 years he assiduously laboured as assistant 
minister of the parish of Arbuthnott : hence he 
was removed to be minister of Lentrathen, and 
was translated to the pastoral charge of this 
parish about seven yeara before his decease. 
[Upon rever.se of same stone] : — 

!Mrs. GouELAT was the youngest daughter of 
Mr. John Hunter, Millplough of Allardice, Ar- 
bxithnott : she was born in 1765, survived her 
father's family, and died in the 56th year of her 
age, having constantly maintained the amiable 
character of a prudent, affectionate, and tender 
wife and mother. Mart Godrlat, their daugh- 
ter, died in childhood, and her remains are in- 
terred in the churchyard of Arbuthnott. The 
surviving children are John and William. 

From a granite headstone : — • 

Erected to the memory of the Eev. William 
Ogilvy. He was born in the parish of Newtyle, 
2ud Feby. 1794. Licensed to preach, 2nd April, 
1817. Settled minister of the united parishes of 
Cortachy and Clova, 26th July, 1826, and died 
27th July, 1848. 



The barony of Cortachy, as already shown, 
was granted by the Duke of Albany to his 
brother, the Earl of Atholl, in 1409. 

Having married a daughter of Sir David 
Barclay of Brechin, Atholl assumed the title 
of Lord of Brechin ; but before his execution, 
in 1437, for the share which he had in the 
murder of James I., he admitted that he held 
the lordship of Brechin in courtesy of his wife 
only, and that, although he had two sons, it 
belonged of right to Sir Thomas Maule (Pe- 
gistrum de Panmure). Cortachy and the 
rest of the Earl's estates, with the exception 
of Brechin, which passed to Sir Thomas Maule, 
were forfeited to the Crown. 



It would appear that "the King's barrony 
of Cortachy " was given by James II. to 
Walter Ogilvy of Oures, by charter of 12 th 
May, 1473, but the grant was "revoked and 
annulled because the said Walter payed not 
the compositione thereof, blench for a raid 
roiss at St. John's day, and for payment to 
the chapleines and youtlis at the Kirk of 
Brechin, and of St. Marie Kirk of KiUmoir, 
besyde Brechin, of y"" yearly rents, due to 
them out of the saids lands." By this charter, 
which was given in favour of " Thomas 
Ogilvy, of Clova, for his services," the rents 
of the said lands are reserved for the " lyfetime 
of Anselmus Adornes Knight." Sir Anselm 
appears to have been in possession before 
18tb April, 1472, as of that date, on obtaining 
a charter of the barony of Tealing, &c., he 
is designed " familiari militissio Anselmo 
Adornes ds Cortachy " (Notes of Scottish 
Charters, MS.) 

This knight was for sometime conservator 
of the Scotch privileges in Flanders, but was 
deprived of that oflfice " at the desyre of the 
merchands, seeing he was a stranger." He 
was also a Lord of Council, 28th Nov., 1478. 
Probably Sallikyn Adornes, who, on 19 th 
Oct. of the following year, was found liable 
to Alexander Broune in the payment of "x 
merkis for a hors quhilks he bocht and 
ressauit," was related in some way to Sir 
Anselm. It is certain that Sir Anselm had a 
daughter, named Euphan, and that he was 
himself dead before 13th Oct., 1488 (Acta 
Dom. Aud., 92, 111). 

Thomas Ogilvy, of Clova, above mentioned, 
was the second son of the thu-d baron of 
Inverquharity. The house of Cortachy was 
built by this branch of the Ogilvys, from 
whom the house and lands of Cortachy were 

acquired by Lord Airlie, about , and the 

estate was given to one of the younger sons 
of Airlie (Douglas' Baronage, 50). David 



CLOVA. 



117 



Ogilvy, of Lawton, above referred to, third 
son of tlie sixth Lord Ogilvy, was possibly in 
possession of Cortachy at the time of his 
death. 

S. CoLii's Fair, or market of Muirsketh, 
was held at Cortachy; and in 1681 (Acta 
Pari., viii. 444), the Earl of Airlie had a 
warrant to hold two fairs yearly at Cortachy, 
with a weekly market at the Kirktown. 

There had possibly been an altar to the 
Nine Maidens within the church — the Nine 
Maiden Well being near the kirk. 

The bridge which crosses the South Esk 
near the gate of Cortachy, erected in 1759, 
was considerably widened and otherwise im- 
proved, in 1842. 

[Ills, comjjd. by Mr. Black, schoolnir.] 
.v^\^^^v^^\^^^^^^w^\v\^^^^vv^^^v^v^^^^^vv^^ww^^ 

(? THE BLESSED VIRGIN.) 

THE chapel and chaplainry of Cloueih, in 
Angus, were early annexed to the kirk 
of Glamis (Reg. Vet. de Aberbrothoc). The 
chapel was in the diocese of St. Andrews, and 
the teinds belonged to the Abbey of Arbroath. 
In 1486, they were leased by Abbot David to 
James Eouk, burgess of Dundee (Ibid., Nig). 

In the year 1574, Cortachy and Clova were 
served by one minister (supra, 110), and the 
readership at Clova, valued at £16, besides 
the kirk lauds, was vacant in 1574. 

After the chapel of Clova was united to the 
church of Cortachy (1618), the minister had 
to preach two Sabbaths at the former place, 
and three at the latter. In 1860, Clova was 
erected into a quoad sacra parish, and a new 
church was built in 1855, down to which 
time "the jougs," a well-known instrument of 
punishment for scolds and other ofl'enders. 



now in the National Museum at Edinburgh, 
were fixed into the kirk wall. 

The oldest tombstone in the burial ground 
bears the name of William Duncan, and the 
date of 1787. 



There being little of interest in the church- 
yard, it may be stated in regard to the lands 
of Clova that they were given by Bruce to 
Donald, Earl of Mar, in 1324, and that in 
13 — , they were resigned by Isabella, Countess 
of Mar, in favour of the Earl of Crawford. In 
1445, when Thomas Ogilvy, younger brother 
of the laird of Inverquharity, joined the Lind- 
says at the battle of Arbroath, he received a 
grant of Clova from Earl Beardie (Lives of the 
Lindsays, i. 131). 

Ochterlony describes Clova (1682) as a 
" f3me highland countrey, abounding in cattle 
and sheep, some cornes, abundance of grass 
and hay." It also appears from a letter 
written about the same period by Sir Wm. 
Ogilvy of Barras to Lord Airlie, that there 
was " a goosehawk's eyrie " in the glen, the 
former having engaged, on receiving from the 
latter " ane goosehawke " from the " eyrie in 
Clova," to give a hawk in exchange, which 
Sir "William says, " is exactly ane fowlslayer, 
for she hes slain at brooke vith my vther 
hawk these three yeares" (Spald. Club Misc., 
V. 205.) 

The whole district of Clova^ which is a 
favourite resort for botanical students, be- 
longed to the Ogilvys until the year 1871, 
when the upper portion was sold to the Earl 
of Southesk and ]Mr. Mackenzie of Glen- 
muick. The former, who bought the western 
or Glen Dole portion, and built a shooting 
lodge upon it, sold the property, in 1876, to 
Mr. Gurney. There was previously a lodge on 
Mr. Mackenzie's portion. It stood close to the 
waterfall of Bachnagairn, which Mr. Edward 



118 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



describes (1678) as sending forth " a stream 
whicli cannot so properly be said to ilow as to 
precipitate itself from the hishest cliff of a 
mountain for about one hundred fathoms." 

The fact of Charles II. having visited Clova 
has been already referred to (supra, 113), and 
it ought to be added that, in October, 1861, 
Queen Victoria viewed the same interesting 
glen from the heights adjoining the Capel 
Mount. There has been long a foot and 
bridle road from the Valley of Strathmore by 
Clova and the Capel Mount, to Deeside, and 
according to Sir James Balfour (who classes 
this route among " the cheiffe passages " from 
the Tay to the Dee), it " conteins tea myles 
of monthe." 

The site of a chapel is still pointed out at 
Lethnot, in Clova. It had probably been the 
one which was destroyed by Major La Fausille, 
who, on his visit to Glenesk and Clova in the 
spring of 1746, burned down aU the " Jacobite 
meeting-houses" he could find. On his return 
to the army from these parts, he is said to 
have joined it with " near 500 recovered men." 
It was also at this time that Captain Hewitt 
took possession of Lord Airlie's house, and 
kept his lordship prisoner " until his people 
should bring in their arms, and become 
good subjects" (Eay's Eebellion). 

^^^\^\^\^^\\^^^ww^\v\^^^v\v^^^\^'\.\^^^^^^^^^^\^^> 

jBart) CuJtcr. 

(S. MARY, VIRGIN.) 

THE greater part of the parish of Marie- 
culter was given by William the Lion, 
about 1187, to the Knights Templars, and on 
their suppression by Pope Clement V. in 
1312, they were succeeded by the Knights of 
St. John of Jerusalem, who retained the pro- 
perty until the early part of the 16 th century. 



The church of Mary Culter was within the 
diocese of Aberdeen, and before the Ee- 
formation it was a kind of chaplainry 
dependent upon the church of Peter Culter 
(Coll. Abd. Lanff). 

There is no mention of the church of Mary 
Culter in the Old Taxation. It is classed 
along with those of Nigg and Strachan, in 
1574, at which time Alex. Eobertson was 
reader at Mary Culter, and had a salary of 
£20 Scots. 

The description of the "limites of 1^'Iarie- 
culter," printed in the Register of the 
Cathedral of Aberdeen (Spalding Club edit., i. 
247), probably dates from about the middle 
of the 15th century. 

The parish lies mostly upon the south side 
of the Dee. The kirkyard is about eight 
miles from Aberdeen, and in the immediate 
neighbourhood of the mansion-house of Mary 
Culter. The kirk, like many others of the 
same period, contained a number of wood 
carvings, but these were scattered, and many 
of them lost. The old manse is now occupied 
by domestic servants. 

Very little remains of the church beyond 
its foundations. It was a long narrow building, 
of about &^ feet in length, by about 28| 
feet in width, and the walls were about 3 feet 
3 inches thick. The piscina is stiU pretty 
entire, also the effigies of a male and a 
female, which are beautifully carved in free- 
stone. The former figure, which is represented 
in armour, with a sword by its side, has a 
helmet for a pillow ; and the latter is dressed 
in long and gracefully disposed robes, with 
the head lying upon an embroidered cushion. 
The hands of both are in devotional attitudes, 
the heads surrounded with wreaths, and at 
the feet of each lies a dog. 

Although superior in conception and exe- 
cution to most monuments of the same style 
in Scotland, both are poorly represented iu 



MARY CULTER. 



119 



an engraving in Archseologia Sootica (vol. iii.) 
It is accompanied by a brief history of the 
parish, written by Mr. Logan, author of the 
Scottisli Gael, who gives various stories re- 
garding the persons represented and the pre- 
sence of the monuments at Mary Culter ; but 
as the family burial place of the Menzies was 
at St. Nicholas, Aberdeen, the most probable 
opinion is that the effigies had been brought 
thither for safety when the AVest Kirk was 
being rebuilt, about 1751-5. 

Assuming, as is commonly believed, that the 
figures at Mary Culter represent a laird and 
lady of that place, the style of the carving 
seems to belong to about the middle of the 
16th century, or to the period of Thomas 
Menzies, of Mary Culter, who married Marion 
Iteid, heiress of Pitfodels. A carving of the 
Menzies and Keid arms, in Drum's Aisle, at 
Aberdeen, is represented in the subjoined 
woodcut, which has been kindly lent by Alex. 
AValker, Esq., F.S.A. Scot., Dean of Guild, 
Aberdeen. 




The initials of T.M. and ]\LE., being upon 
this slab, it had probably surmounted the 
tomb of which the effigies formed a portion. 
We are also inclined to believe, from the style 



of the piscina, &c., at Mary Culter, that the 
old kirk had been erected by the laird and 
lady referred to. 

The Menzies, who are said to have been a 
branch of the Weem family in Perthshire, 
acquired ilary Culter about the middle of the 
14th century, and the Eeids received charters 
of Pitfodels under the names of Badfothell 
and Badfodell, in Banchory-Devenick, from 
William de INIoravia, of Culbyn, in 1390. 
Alexander, the last of the Eeids of Pitfodels, 
was provost of Aberdeen, and dyiug in 1506, 
was succeeded by his daughter, who, as 
above mentioned, married the laird of Mary 
Culter. 

For many generations the Menzies had 
great influence in and about Aberdeen ; but 
being staunch Eomanists, they were not secure 
from the persecutions that those of the same 
faith were subjected to by the anti-popish 
party, after the introduction of the reformed 
religion. An. eccentric member of the family 
who lived at Nigg, and looked upon Protes- 
tants as the reverse of an enlightened body, 
had possibly borne the persecution of his 
ancestors in mind, when, on being asked by 
the Eev. Dr. Cruden for a subscription to 
assist to " bring in the^ heathen," profanely 
enquired — " An' far the d — 1 wad ye bring 
them till, Doctor f' 

jMr. John Menzies, who died a very old 
man in 1843, was the last of his race. He 
was a member of the Abbotsford Club, and at 
his expense the volume entitled Extracta 
Variis e Cronicis Scocie, was printed for the 
members. He was one of the most accom- 
plished gentlemen of his time, and his purse 
was open to the poor of all denominations. 
He died, as was to be expected, a true believer 
in the religion of his forefathers, of his attach- 
ment to which he gave proof by making over 
by deed, dated in 1827, the mansion-house 
and lands of Blairs for the establishment of 



120 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



a college for young men designed for the 
Roman Catholic priesthood. 

The mansion-house, now Blairs Collcrje, has 
been much enlarged since Mr. Menzies' time, 
and is occupied by five or six superiors or 
teachers, and over fifty students. Besides 
a library of great value, it contains a number 
of interesting paintings, including an original 
portrait of Cardinal Beaton, also a remark- 
able portrait of Mary Queen of Scots. An 
engraving of the former was made at the 
expense of the late Mr. Patrick Chalmers of 
Aldbar, for the Eegistrum de Aberbrothoc, 
and the latter bears Latin inscriptions printed 
in Memorials of Angus and the Mearns (482), 
along with translations, which were obligingly 
made for that work by the Eight Eev. Bishop 
Strain, when president of the College. 

The lairds of Kingcausie bury within the 
area of the old kirk at Mary Culter, where 
a granite headstone is thus inscribed : — 

John Irvine-Boswell, born 28th Deer., 1785, 
died 23rd Deer., 1860. Shibboleth Jesus. May 
his memory be cherislied as a man who walked 
with God and loved his Saviour, who in a care- 
less time was not ashamed of his religion, but 
boi-e a good Testimony. Par. Liv. 

— Henry, third son of Alex. Irvine of Drum, 
by a daughter of the first Lord Forbes, was 
the first Irvine of Kingcausie. It is said that 
one of the old lairds fell in love with a lady 
in Aberdeen, who preferred the hand of a 
citizen of " laigh degree ;" notwithstanding as 
related in a verse of a now forgotten ballad, 
the laird urged his suit by assuring " the lady 
fair" that — 

The wood o' Kiu'cousie is a' o'ergrown 
\Vi' mony a braw apple tree — 

Sae will ye no leave the Gallowgate Port, 
An' come to Kin'cousie wi' me ? 

The male succession having failed, the pro- 
perty came to Anne Irvine, who, in 1793, 
married Claude Boswell, advocate, afterwards 
Lord Balrauto, by whom she had one son and 
two daughters. The son, who died as above, 



in 1860, married a daughter of Mr. Christie 
of Durie, to whom there is also a monument 
with this inscription : — 

In memory of Margaret, daughter of James 
C'liristie of Durie, widow of John Irvine-Boswell 
of Balmuto and Kingcausie, died 18th April, 
1875, aged 86 years. The Lord is my shepherd, 
I shall not want. Psalm xxiii. 1st. 

— Mrs. Irvine-Boswell, who had no family 
by her husband, erected a granite monument 
to his memory upon the hill of Auchlee. It 
contains the following inscription, which has 
been kindly sent us by the Eev. Mr. Dur- 
ward, late schoolmaster of Mary Culter : — 

In memory of John Irvine-Boswell, of Bal- 
muto and Kingcausie. Born 28th December 
1785 ; died 23d December 1860. A man who 
loved his Saviom-, walked stedfastly with his 
God, and whose rule of life was — " Whatsoever 
ye do in word or deed, do all in the name of the 
Lord Jesus Christ." In early life he joined the 
Coldstream Guards, and carried their Coloui's in 
the battle of Talavera. Retiring from the ai-my 
he settled at Kingcausie, and lived to transform 
the natural barrenness of the Estate into luxuri- 
ant fertility. He will long be remembered in 
the district for the enlightened zeal he displayed 
in the introduction of all the improvements of 
modern agriculture ; and he did not confine his 
attention to his own Estates, his knowledge and 
experience being ever at the service of his neigh- 
boars, rich and poor alike. In every position 
and relation of life he maintained, with rare 
fidelity, the chai'acter of a Christian gentleman ; 
and he died in peace, simply trusting in the 
merits of his Saviour for acceptance with his 
God. His sorrowing widow, Margaret Irvine- 
Boswell, erected this monument as a solace in 
her bitter bereavement. A.D., M.D.CCC.LXIL 

— Sirs. Irvine-Boswell was predeceased by a 
nephew and niece, children of the late Mr. 
Christie of Durie, both of whom were buried 
at ISIary Culter. There is also a cross of 
Aberdeen granite erected to the memory of 
Mary- Anne Boswell, who was born 26th Feb., 
1798, and died I7th Dec, 1866. This lady 
was the younger of Mr. Irvine-Boswell's two 
sisters, and died unmarried. The elder, who 
became the wife of Mr. Syme, drawing master 



MARY CULTER. 



121 



at Dollar Academy, had a son and a daugliter. 
The son succeeded to Balmuto, and the 
daughter, who married Mr. Archer Fortescue 
of Swanbister, in Orkney, became heiress of 
Kingcausie. 

A mural tablet of red granite, prefaced with 
a quotation from Isaiah (chap. 1.x., 20), bears: — 

^ Here rests in peace, awaiting the re- 
suiTection of the just, the mortal remains of 
Alexander Gordon, of Ellon. He was born 
ill London, Deer. 18th, 1783 : he died at 
EUon, March 21st, 1873. 

— Mr. Gordon, who acquired the estate of 
Auchlunies, in Mary Culter, from his father, 
tliird Earl of Aberdeen, succeeded to Ellon, 
on the death of the Hon. Wm. Gordon, in 
1 845, under an entail executed by the Earl. 
Mr. Gordon, who spent the early part of his 
life in the army, was an officer under Sir John 
Moore. He afterwards became secretary to 
the Board of Manufactures in Scotland, and 
was private secretary to the Earl of Eipon, 
when president of the Board of Control. He 
was much esteemed as a landlord, and was 
all along remarkable for straightforwardness 
and honesty of purpose (Epitaphs, i. 349). 
He had five sons and three daughters by his 
wife, whoso death is thus recorded upon a 
separate slab : — 

»J< Here rest in the sure hope of tlie re- 
surrection to eternal life, through the atoning 
blood of her Redeemer, the mortal remains of 
Albinia-Elizabeth Cumberland, the beloved 
wife of Alexander Gordon, of Ellon. Born 15tli 
of April, 1787 ; died 7th of July, 1841. [Pro v. 
xxxi., 28.] 

The next inscription (which has taken the 
place of another) is from a marble slab : — 

In memory of Richard Lewis Hobart 
Gordon, midshipman, R.N., third son of 
Alexander and Albinia Gordon, of EUon, 
(formerly of Auchlunies) : born 7th May, 
1815, and was drowned 20th May, 1835, at the 
wreck of H.M.S. Cliallenger, near Molquilla, 
on the coast of Chili, in the performance of a 
dangerous service essential to the safety of 
his shipmates, for which he liad volunteered. 



In Life he was beloved, and his Death was 
bewailed by the ofificers and ship's company, 
and deeply lamented by his relatives and 
friends. In memory also of Sophia Albinia 
Georgina, and Catherine Louisa Caroline, 
daughtei-s of Mr. and Mrs. Gordon, who died 
in infancy, at Auchlunies, and are here interred. 
From a flat stone adjoining : — 

Sacred to the memory of Harriet Cumber- 
land, aged 18, who died at Auchlunies, on 
the 29th of May, 1812. She was the youngest 
daughter of Richard Cumberland, Esq'., and 
Albinia, daughter of George, third Earl of 
Buckinghamshire. 

A much defaced tombstone belongs to a 
femily named Shepherd, whose descendants 
still reside in Mary Culter, and occupy the 
farm of Millbank. The stone lies below a 
modern table-shaped one erected to the same 
race, and is inscribed as follows : — 

here lyes ane honest .vnd vertuous man 
george shep .... who lived . . . 

DDLETOUN .... DEPARTED THIS LIFE THE 
30 OF MARCH 1712 OF AGE 47. 

Upon a slab near the south dyke : ^ 

Here lyes the body of Isabella Mouat, who 
died the 8th of October 1779. 

A headstone, embellished with the black- 
smith's crown and hammer, preserves tlie 
rather uncommon surname of Ettershank : — 

1777 : A.E : I.C. In memory of Alexander 
Ethershank, late smith in CranesaiTp, who 
died the 10 day of August 1776, aged 71 years. 

Likewise of their children, Alexander, Anne, 
William, Mart, & William. 

A slab in the south dyke, embellished with 
a hunting-horn, between a hammer and a 
chisel (?), beai's these initials and date : — 

L. F. : A. M. : 1713. G. F. : E. M. 
From a flat slab : — ■ 

I. "W. : I. K. Here lyes Andrew William- 
sone, who lived in Maiens of Portlathen, and 
departed this life. May the 14 day 1772, and o 
his age 22 years. 

— Among other monuments which relate to 
the same family, one shows that John 
Williamson, tenant in Cockley, and his wife, 



122 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



Janet Ross, died respectively in 1751 and 
1752, aged 72 and 71 ; and another bears 
that William Bell, tenant in Cockley, died 
in 1793, aged 82, and his widow, Margaeet 
Williamson, in 1799, aged 78. 

From the oldest of several monuments 
belonging to a family named Donald : — 

1725. Here lyes under the hope of a glorious 
resurrection, Andrew Donald, wlio lived in 
Tilbourie, and dejiarted this life the 22 of 
August 1712, and of age 63 years. 

The next inscription, from a table-shaped 
stone, relates to ancestors of the Eev. A. 
Gerard, LL.I)., a teacher in Gordon's Hospital, 
Aberdeen : — 

In memory cjf ThoJIAs (jerard, late farmer 
in Whitestone, he died March the 10th 1733, 
aged 66. Also Isobel McErcher, his spouse, 
■who died Septr. the 18th 1736, aged 70 years. 
Also Thom.\s Ger.\rd, their son, who died 
February the 12th 1725, aged 27 years. Also 
their son, Alexr. Gerard, late farmer in Roth- 
ueck, who died Feby. 10th 1780, aged 84 years. 
Also his wife Jean Knowles, who died Feby. 
17th 1770, aged 70 years. 

There are two elaborately carved tombstones, 
the one flat, the other table-shaped, which 
have evidently been cut by the same mason. 
The inscription upon the former is altogether 
obliterated ; and besides a margin ornament, 
the latter bears two cherubs at the top. It 
possibly belongs to relations of the Silvers 
of Netherley, whose ancestors were carpenters 
in Mary Culter (Epitaphs, i. 78). These traces 
of an inscription are still visible : — 

Here lies the body of William Silver, late 

tenant iu he died ye 26 . 

. . aged .... Also Iean B . . . . 

. . she died and Iean . 

their 

eliildreu in infancy. 

Wm. Milne, farmer, E\itlirie.ston, d. 1777, a. 65 : 
All ye my Friends who do jiass by. 
Look on my grave wherein I ly ; 
From care and trouble I am sett free — 
Mind on your sins — think not on me. 

From a table-shaped /Vfi'sfoHf monument : — 



This is to point out the dust of Mary Clark, 
who died the 16th November 1795, aged 27 years, 
and left a husband and infant daughter to lament 
hir loss — 

This lo.ss by mortal man must be sustained. 

Since God is pleased to rob him of a friend. 

This marble is erected by hir affectionate lius- 

baud, James Reid, sou of James Reid in Cotthill 

of Mary Culter .... 

Upon a table-shaped stone : — 

Viro Reverendo Joanni Glennie, D.D., probo, 
docto, facundo, pietate a primis usque annis 
siugulari prsedito, in pararehia de Dalmaik aunos 
XIII. et dimidium, de Mary Culture fere 
XXXIX. ecclesise pastori, summa cum laude 
sua, populique emolumento omnibus officii 
pastoralis muneribus functo, conjugi, patri, 
amico, amantissimo, spectatissimo, qui, \'ita in 
evaugelio praedicando, juventute erudienda, 
liberisque ad bene beateque viveudum institu- 
endis acta, placidam animam efflavit XIV. 
Decemb. MDCCCL, annos habens LXXXL, 
mensesque VI. Vidua liberique superstites 
hasce vii-tutes grata memoria prosequentes, H. 
M. P. 

[To the memory of the Rev. John Glennie, 
D.D., a virtuous, learned, and eloquent man, 
endowed with rare piety from his earliest years, 
mini.ster of the chmx-h and parish of Dalmaik 
for thirteen and a half yeai-s, and of Mary 
Culter for about thirty-nine years, during which 
he discharged all the duties of the pastoral office 
with the gi-eatest credit to himself, and ad- 
vantage to his people ; a most loving and 
respected husband, father, and friend, who, after 
a life spent in preaching the Gospel, instructing 
the young, and bringing xcp his children to live 
well and happilj', died in peace, 14th Dec, 1801, 
aged 81i years. His widow and surviving 
children, cherishing a grateful recollection of 
his virtues, erected this monument.] 

— Dr. Glennie was the son of a farmer in the 
parish of Mary Culter, and his wife was the 
daughter of the Eev. Dr. Mitchell of Kinellar. 
Dr. Glennie had a large family ; his youngest 
sou, George, collegiate minister of the West 
Church. Aberdeen, and Professor of Moral 
Philosophy iu Marischal College, married Miss 
Valentine, a niece of Dr. James Beattie, 
author of The ]\Iinstrel. It was to this lady 
that Dr. Beattie left the allegorical picture 
which was painted of him by Sir Joshua 



MARY OULTER. 



123 



Eeynolds, P.E.A., and which is still in the 
possession of Dr. Beattie's grandnieoe, Miss 
Glennie of the Galleries, Aberdeen. Dr. 
Glennie's .sixth son, John, minister of Dun- 
nottar, married Harriet, daughter of Dr. 
Cook, St. Andrews, and was buried beside his 
father, where his tombstone shows that ho 
died 14th May, 1827, aged 61. His widow 
and elder son, John, removed to St. Andrews, 
where he studied for the Church, and died in 
1812, aged 27. His mother also died there 
in 1874, in her 87th year. 

An enclosed stone at Mary Culter is thus 
inscribed : — 

In memory of Jessey Hector, wife of John 
Glennie, Keuiierty, who died 6th Jul}', 1830, 
aged 38 years. Also of their son, James Eobert, 
who died 24th August, 1829, aged G yeai-s. 
John Glennie, Kenuerty, who died 20th No- 
vember, 1868, aged 81 years. 

— Glennie is a name of some antiquity in and 
about Aberdeen. William Glenny is men 
tioiied in the oitj^ records in 1398 ; and about 
the same time (1409) mass was said in the 
church of Aberdeen for the wife of Angus 
Glennie. Eonald Glennie was a man of pro- 
perty in Aberdeen in 1492, and John Glen- 
ning was in Kinkell in 1473 (Acta Aud., 24). 
There have long been tenant farmers of the 
name in the districts both of Dee and Don, 
one of whom, who settled at Ardhunchar, in 
Kildrummy, was ancestor of Mr. John S. 
Stuart-Glennie, M.A., author of Arthurian 
Localities, and other works. Another monu- 
ment (within the same enclosure as the 
above) relates to the parents of Mr. Egbert 
Hector, J.P., who died at Montrose in 1874, 
in his 73rd year : — 

In memory of Susanna Davidson, wife of 
James Hector, Fernyflatt. She died 21st May, 
1819, aged 55, leaving a husband and twelve 
affectiouate children to lament her loss and 
to emulate her virtues. In the same grave 
are deposited the remains of her Father and 
Mother. 



A headstone (raised by the late Mr. Gor- 
don of Fyvie and IMary Culter) marks the 
grave of a centenarian : — 

Ei-ected in memory of Upiiemia Arther, who 
died the 22nd March, 1823, aged 1U2 years, 
spouse of the late George Fyfe, some time farmer 
in Greenhead, parish of Fetteresso. 

— Other tombstones at !Mary Culter exhibit 
long ages, among which are one to the memory 
of James Morrison, tenant in Windyedge, 
who died in 1856, aged 92; and another to 
James Lyon, fifty-three years farm overseer at 
Netherley, who died in 1830, agc-d 82. 

NEW BURIAL GROUND. 

A new church was erected about a mile to 
tlie south of the old site, in the year 1782. 
It commands a fine view of the river Dee ; 
and in the surrounding ground, at certain 
seasons of the year, are some good examples 
of " fairy rings," or the circles round which, 
according to popular superstition, elves hold 
nocturnal orgies. 

There are several tombstones in the new 
churchyard, and from these the following 
inscriptions are selected : — 

The gi-ave of Sarah Christina Wilson, wife 
of the Rev. John Bower, minister of Maryculter. 
She was born 5th Dec. 1787, aud died 3rd Jan. 
1848. 1st Thes. chap. iv. ver. 13th and 14th. 
And also of her husband, the Rev. John Bower, 
who died on the ISth of Decemlier, 1866, in the 
81st year of his age, and the 55tli of his ministry. 
Rev. xiv. chap. 13th verse. 
— Mr. Bower was sometime tutor in the family 
of Col. Duff, of Fetteresso, and it was through 
the Colonel's influence that he obtained the 
living of Mary Culter. Mr. Bower's father, 
who kept a day school in Longacre, Aberdeen, 
was the first public teacher of the celebrated 
Lord Byron, who attended Mr. Bower's school 
for twelve months from 19th Nov., 1792. In 
regard to this particular of Byron's history, 
his lordship says : — " I was sent at five years 



124 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



old, or earlier, to a school kept by a Mr. 
Eowers, wlio was called ' Eodsy Bowers ' by 
reason of his dapperness. It was a school 
for both sexes. I learned little there, except 
to repeat by rote the first lesson of mono- 
syllables ('God made man'' — 'Let ns love 
him '), by hearing it often repeated, without 
acquiring a letter " (Byron's Life and "Works, 
by Moore, i. 17). 

The next three inscriptions, of which the 
last two are abridged, relate to domestic ser- 
vants who were remarkable for the length 
of time they continued in the service of one 
family — " a virtue " which, it is much to be 
regretted, seems not only to be less cultivated, 
but also less esteemed now than it was during 
the times of our fathers : — 

1859 : Erected by his Brothers, iu memory of 
Alexander Cookie, who was servant at Manse 
of Mary Oulter for forty-three years. He died 
19th February, 1859, aged 71 years. 

— " Sandy" took a deej) interest in church 
politics at the time of the Disruption ; and 
the farmer of Whitestone (pron. Fytestane), 
having allowed the Free Church party to 
meet npon his premises, Sandy celebrated the 
event thus : — 

There cam' a bleth'rin' filter 
T' the paris' o' Mary C'ulter ; 
An' frae the kirk he took a swai'in, 
An' ."icapit it in I'ytie's barn ! 

Christian Bannerman, died 1840, aged 83. 
She was upwai-ds of 50 years the faithful servant 
of the Kiiigcausie family. Erected by John 
Irv-iue-Bo.swell of Balnnito and Kiiigcausie. 

[3.] 

Robert Philip, overseer at Kingcausie, died 
16th July, 1864, aged 73 :— 

The valued servant of Mr Irvine-Boswell, 
whose various improvements he superintended 
for 47 years. He was trusted and esteemed by 
his employer, respected by all who knew him, 
and in his daily life and conversation was a 
thiuuughly Christian man. 



Besides the church of Mary Colter and its 
vicarage, we have already seen that a great 
part of the lands belonged to the Knights of 
St. John, and when the religious orders in 
Scotland were permitted to feu their lands 
(f. 1528), Gilbert Menzies, of Pitfodels, and 
his uncle, the laird of Findon, as well as the 
Irvines of Drum, and Provost Collison, of 
Aberdeen, obtained portions of Mary Culter. 

The manor place or preceptory lands, which 
included the ilains of Mary Culter, were 
acquired by Lindsay, a brother of the Grand 
Master of St. John, who in the year 1545 
became bound to furnish his superior, the 
Knight Precepitor of Torphichen, with " thre 
barrell of salmont yeirlie for the Weill Water 
anentis Furd, conforme to the auld tak maid 
a before." 

The Weill and the Furd are still known, 
and the fishermen of the present time shoot 
their nets from the Ford into the Weal, at the 
top of which is the Peter Well of Peter 
Culter. The Ford was the ferryboat station, 
until the Dee changed its course at this 
point, after which it was removed to the Inch 
Farm. 

On the death of Lindsay, who also owned 
EssintuUy, the manor place of Mary Culter 
passed to Lord Torphichen, who had the 
lands of the Order of St. John made into a 
temporal barony. From one of his successors, 
the manor place was bought b}^ Menzies of 
Pitfodels about 1618, who, long before, owned 
a portion of the same lands (supra, 119). 

It is probably to about the latter date that 
the older portion of the present house of 
Mary Culter belongs, and in which there is 
said to have been a private chapel or oratory. 
The house was much altered and added to by 
General Gordon, of Fyvie, who bought the 
property from ]Mr. Menzies about 1809. 
General Gordon died at Mary Culter, and was 
succeeded by his son William, who carried 



DALLAS. 



125 



the old house bell to Fyvie, after ue ceased 
to live there. 

The mansion house of Mary Culter, which 
is approached by a carriage drive of nearly a 
mile in length, is nicely situated upon the 
south bank of the Dee, and surrounded b}' 
many old trees. There are several curiously 
shaped iirs in the avenue, particularly one 
tree with its branches formed somewhat like 
those of a huge chandelier. 

When the new turnpike road was made on 
the south side of the Dee (1836-7), a bridge 
was erected over the romantic burn of Mary 
Culter, near the Mill Inn, where there has 
long been a hostelry. 

[Ins. compd. by the Eev. Mr. DiirwM'il, A.M.] 



\%\W\\WV*\\%\\%N\\\\\\\\\\%\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\N\\ 



Dallas. 

(S. MICHAEL, AKCH ANGEL.) 

IN confirming eight of the old canonries of 
the Cathedral of Elgin, in 1226, men- 
tion is made of the church of Dolays Mijchel. 
In 13.50, the church of DolaijsmyeheJ, of 
which the sub-dean of Moray was incumbent, 
is rated at lis. Scots (Eeg. Ep. Morav.) 

In 1574, the kirks of Birneth (Birnie) and 
Doles were under one minister, and Alex. 
Johnstone was reader at the latter. 

The river Lossie runs past, anil Michael's 
AVell is close beside the kirk. Michael 
Fair was held there in old times, and a mar- 
ket cross, of the fleiu'-de-Hs pattern — unfortu- 
nately much injured— -stands in the burial- 
ground. A stone effigy of the saint (at one 
time in a niche in the wall of the old kirk), 
lies beside the cross. 

The date upon the belfrj', 1793, has refe- 
rence to the building of the present church. 



within which is the following inscription upon 
a marble tablet : — • 

Helen Cumixg, lawfull daughter of Alexander 
Cuming of Craigmill and Elizabeth Tulloh, died 
the 14th Nov. 1800, and was interred in the 
family burial ground, which is opposite to, and 
a few feet distant from, the outside of the south- 
east door of this church. Also are interred in 
the same burying ground daughters of Alexander 
( 'uming of Craigmill : Margaret Cuming, who 
died at Elgin, 21st January 1808 ; Jean Cum- 
ing, who died at Elgin, 2d November 1817 ; 
Clementina Cuming, who died at Elgin, 2nd 
June 1821 ; Eliza Cuming, who died at Elgin, 
7th December 1835. 

— William Cuming, the eldest son by a third 
marriage of James Cuming of Eelugas and 
Presley, was the first of the Craigmill Cum- 
ings, and his full brother George was an 
officer under Gustavus Adolphus (Douglas' 
Baronage). 

One of this famil}', who was Commissioner 
to the Duke of Perth, was at the battle of 
CuUoden, where he was taken prisoner, and 
carried to London. Having been released 
from prison, through some influence unknown 
to himself, he returned home, and about 1752, 
sold the property of Craigmill to Mr. Grant of 
Elchies. 

The next three inscriptions (in the church- 
yard) relate to memliors of the same family : 

[1.] 
Sacred to the memory of Peter Cuming of 
Craigmill, Esquhe, who died at Blackhills on the 
14th April, 1811, aged eighty-five years ; and 
Mi-s. IsoBEL Leslie of Balnageith, his spouse 
who died at Blackhills on the 30th November' 
1823, aged ninety j'ears. 

— Mrs. Cuming's ancestors, who acquired the 
property of Balnageith, near Forres, about 
the end of the 17th century, were a branch of 
the noble family of Eothes. The Eev. Mr. 
Leslie, minister of St. Andrews Lhanbryde, 
who also attained to the age of 90, was the 
father of Mrs. Cuming, and other children 
one of whom, a son, sold Balnageith about the 
year 1849. 



126 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



[2.] 
Sacred to the memory of Lachlan Cuming, 
Esquire of Blackhills, who was the sou of Peter 
Cuming of Craigmill, Esqr., and Mi's Isobel 
Leslie of Balnageith. Affectionate duty and 
kindness, as a son and a brother, were the en- 
dearing study of his whole life. He died 19th 
November, 1836, aged eighty years. 

[3.] 

Erected by his children to the memory of 
Thomas Cuming, Esq. of Demarara, who died in 
Elgin on the 26th, and was inter'd here on the 
31st of March 1813, aged 73 years. He lived 50 
years iu that Colony ; was a principal promoter 
of its prosperity and wealth, an affectionate 
husband, an indulgent parent, a kind friend, and 
a truly benevolent man, esteemed and beloved 
by all who ever knew him. 

From a headstone : — 

This is The Burial Place of Alex. Buie, 
Sometime Ventener in Elgin, who died June The 
12th 1758, Aged 51, and Jannet Richard His 
Spouse. 

O mortal man. Stay and observe 
that Strenth nor walth Cannot preserve 
you from the Grave where now I ly 
my Soul is far beyond the Sky 
thy thoughts on wordly things are lost 
when death apears you soon must post 
Here lyes also the body of Charles Buie some- 
time Farmer in Torrie Castle who dyed Feb. the 
9th 1773, Aged 52 years & his Spuse Agnes 
Watson who dyed Octr. the 8th 1793, aged 55 
years. 

Near the above : — 

This Stone is plesed here By John Camroh 
Mason in EdinviU in memory of his Virtuous 
Mother Elisabeth Camrou "Who died 3th Novem- 
ber 1779 Aged 47 years. She was prudent, 
Virtuous, Temprat, Chast though early Stript 
of Life. Her Soul imortal Among the Blist 
Above We Hope Treumphs in her Eedemers 
love. 

The expression " of" in next inscription is 
scarcely correct, Mr. Dick having been tenant 
of the farm of Ehininver, under Sir William 
Gordon-Cuming, Bart. : — 

Sacred to the memory of Wm. Dick, Esq., of 
Rhininver, who died on the 8th day of October, 
1846. 



This district gave surname to the family of 
DoLLAS, or Dallas, one of whom, William of 
Doleys, knight, witnessed Hugh Herock's gift 
of the lands of Daldeleyth (Dandeleith) to the 
church of the Holy Trinity of Elgin, 1286. 
The direct male line of the family failed in 
Archibald Dallas of that Ilk. In U28 his 
daughter and heiress, Elizabeth, wife of Dun- 
can Eraser, of the Lovat family, disponed her 
right of Dallas to her uncle, the laird of Easter 
Ford. 

Sir Thomas Cuming of Altyre, some time 
before 1411, obtained certain lands within the 
barony, and in 1419, received a licence from 
James I. to erect a castle or fortalice at 
Dallas. Euins of the stronghold and out- 
works of Turaoastle, which appear to have 
been moated, occupy an eminence on the side 
of Dorval burn, about a mile north from the 
church. 

In 1622 .Tames Cuming of Altyre had a 
charter of the advocation of tlie kirk of 
Dallas, which was retained by the Baronets 
of Altyre until the abolition of patronage. 

Farquhar, second son of Alexander Cuming 
of Altyre, was possibly the first Cuming that 
held the Kellas portion of the parish. He 
appears to have had a mind of his own, and, 
as tradition avers, having quarrelled with his 
brother, and being refused burial in the tomb 
of his ancestors, he assumed, by way of 
revenge, the surname of Farquharson. From 
him are said to be descended the Farquhar- 
sons of Haughton, and other families of that 
name in Aberdeenslm-e (Epitaphs, i. 118.) 

A rude undressed boulder, possibly the 
remains of a stone circle, which stands on the 
oast side of the parish, is said to mark the site 
of an old church or a burial-place. 

A bridge, which crossed the Lossie, near 
the church, was carried away by the floods 
of 1829, and was replaced by the present free- 
stone structure, which has three arches. 



CLUNY. 



127 



The village of Dallas, wliicli is a feu off 
the Altyre estates, was founded about eighty 
years ago, and contains from 40 to 50 houses. 

Dallas (Dal-enJ appears to mean the river- 
haugh ; and Kellas (Kml-e-s) the narrow 
river, is quite descriptive of the latter district 
as compared with the former. 

[Ins. conijKl. b}' Mr. Yoiilig, late schoolmr.] 



C J u n \y. 



(S. ) 

THE kirk of Gluiiy or Cleyn (prou. Cleenie), 
belonged to the Cathedral of Aberdeen. 
It is rated at 17s. 4d. m the Taxation of 1275 
(Theiner), and at 8 merks in the Eeg. Ep. 
Aberdonensis. The churches of Cluny and 
Monymusk were both served by one minister 
in 157-4, and John Strachan was reader at 
the former. 

The kirk is described, about 1732, as "a 
cross church, having one aisle for the Gor- 
dons of Cluny, and another for the Erasers of 
MuchU." It stood within the burial ground 
untU about 1789, when it was demolished, 
and the present church erected upon an emi- 
nence on the opposite side of the public road. 
Thechurch bell (supra, 14), is thus inscribed: — 

lOA. MOWAT, VET. ABD. ME FECIT 

IX USUM ECCLESI^ DE CLUNY. 

SABBATA PANGO, FUNERA PLANGO. 

In 1743, when the parish of Kinerny was 
suppressed, one portion of it was added to 
Cluny, and the other to Midmar (supra, 81). 

There is no monument to the Gordons of 
Cluny, and the old famUy vault is filled with 
rubbish. A little to the X.W. is the Eraser 
vault, a circular building of grey granite, with 



dome. A carving of the family arms, with a 
crescent for a difference, and the motto, je 
suis PEEST (I am ready), is over the door. 
Eound the pediment, in large characters, is 
this brief inscription, which gives both the 
name of the erector, and the year in which 
the aisle was built : — 

ELYZA ERASER OF CASTLE ERASER. 
MD.CCC.VIII. 

— This branch of the Erasers, who came from 
Stirlingshu'e, exchanged the lands of Corn- 
toun with James II. for those of Stoneywood 
and Muchal, or Muchal-in-Mar, which was the 
old name of the property of Castle Eraser. 

Andrew, son of Thomas Eraser of Stoney- 
wood, had charters of the barony of Stoney- 
wood and of Muchwells in 1535-6, and his 
grandson, also named Andrew, was created a 
peer in 1633, by the title of Lord Eraser. 
The title became extinct on the death of 
Charles, fourth Lord Eraser, who was acci- 
dentally kOled by a fall over a precipice near 
Banff, in 1720, and his estates were settled 
on the issue of his wife, Lady Margaret 
Er.skine, by her first husband, Simon Eraser 
of Inverallochy (grandson of the Hon. Sir 
Simon Eraser of Inverallochy, second son of 
the eighth Lord Lovat). Their grandson, 
William, the last of the male line of Inver- 
allochy, was succeeded in Inverallochy by 
his eldest sister, ^Martha, wife of Colin Mac- 
kenzie of Kilcoy, and in Castle Eraser by 
his younger sister, Eliza. Martha had, with 
other children. Sir Colin Mackenzie of Kil- 
coy, Bart., and Alexander, M.P. for Eoss. 
The latter succeeded his mother in the lauds 
of Inverallochy, and on the death of his 
aunt, Miss Eltza Eraser, he also acquired 
Castle Eraser, when he assumed the additional 
surname of Fraser. He married a sister of 
Erancis, Lord Seaforth, by whom he had, 
with other issue, the late Colonel Charles 



128 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



Fraser, whose son, Col. Frederick, is now in 
possession of the estate. 

Castle Fraser, of which Billings gives three 
engravings, is in much the same style of 
architecture as Glamis Castle, and the follow- 
ing date and letters, upon the north or old 
front, probahly supply, not only the year in 
which that portion of the house was built, but 
also (supra, 82) the name of the architect or 
principal mason : — 

16 17 
I -BEL 
MMEF 

[? I. Bel muiifex me fecit — I. Bel, mason, built me.] 

The royal arms of Scotland, dated 1570 or 
1576, are also upon the north side, below 
which, initialed A.F. and E.D., are the arms 
of Andrew Fraser and his wife Elizabeth, 
second daughter of Douglas, Earl of Buchan. 
These were the parents of Andrew, the first 
Lord Fraser, who married a daughter of Lord 
Balmerino. Their arms and initials are also 
at Castle Fraser, but as the initials of the 
lady's Christian name is given in two instances 
as M, the name of Anne in Douglas' Peerage 
(i. 183, 607) must be a mistake. 

It would also appear that this laird was 
married before his father's death, and had, 
besides his successor, another son, whose 
name is not in peerage books. These points 
are proved from the fact that, on 26th Jan., 
1622, Sir "WiUiam Keith of Ludquharn, and 
Hew Charteris, were both charged " for 
allegit airt and pairt of the daith and slauchter 
of vmq'" Andro Fraser, ane young infant 
bahne, soue to Andro Fraser, younger of 
Mukallis." Both were at the same time 
charged with the taking away of Alexander 
Pedder, miller of Faichfield, out of his house 
under night " mother-naikit as he was borne," 
and of carrying him to the place of Faichfield, 
where they scourged him with " suord-beltis 



and horse-brydillis vp and doun the hall 
thairof, to the effusioun of his bluid." 

Upon the south or present front of the 
Castle are the arms of Charles, fourth Lord 
Fraser, and his wife Lady Margaret, daughter 
of Ersliine, Earl of Buchan. Over a coronet 
is the motto — all . my . hoip . is . in . god ; 
below the shield is the date of 1683, and on 
the left and right respectively are the initials 
L.C.F. : L.M.JS. The date of 1618 is over 
the south-east dormer window, and the fol- 
lowing inscription is upon the west side of 
the Castle : — 

JE • SUIS ■ BREST. 

1795. 

ELYZA • FEASEE. 

Besides the interesting architectural peculi- 
arities of Castle Fraser, there is much to 
admire in the manner in which the house and 
its surroundings have been preserved, for 
while it has quite the air and elegance of a 
modern mansion, its original characteristics 
remain comparatively imtouched. 

!Miss Fraser, who died in 1814, did much 
to improve the property by the building of 
farm steadings and the planting of waste 
land. The thoroughfare from Aberdeen to 
Muchals then crossed the GallowhiU by Court 
Cairn, and with the view of saving its steep- 
ness, she formed the road which passes from 
Muchals, by Achath, to Bervie, where it joins 
the Aberdeen road. She possessed a highly 
cultivated mind, and having a taste for the 
picturesque, had walks and carriage-drives 
made out, also a canal to the south of the 
Castle, where she kept a pleasure boat and 
swans. The latter was removed by the late 
Col. Fraser, who had tlie jslace drained 
and laid under cultivation. In a thicket 
on the south side of the Castle stands a 
piece of dressed granite, which was brought 
from the hill of Coreene. It is pyra- 
midal in form, 8^ feet in height, and rests 



CLUNY. 



129 



upon a base of about 5 feet square. Upon 
each of its sides is one of the following in- 
scriptions, -which have been kindly communi- 
cated by l\Ir. Harper, schoolmaster of Cluny : — 

Mary Bristow died at Castle Fraser, XXIX 
October, MDCC^CV. Sacred to the memory of 
a Friendship whicli subsisted forty yeare, Elyza 
Fraser erects this monumeut in the groves 
jilanted by her lamented frieud. Vale ! Heu 
quanto minus est cum reliquis vei-sari quam tui 
niemiuisse ! 

[Farewell ! alas, how much less is the society 
of othei-s, than the memory of thee !] 

[2.] 
Endowed with a benevolent heart, elegant 
taste, unassuming manners, an informed mind, 
unruffled by passion, a sincere Christian, un- 
tainted by pre j udice. Such was the friend wh ose 
loss is deplored by Elyza Eraser. Such was 
Mary Bristow. 

— Miss Bristow was a daughter of JSIr. John 
Bristow, of Quiddenliam, jSTorfolk, and mater- 
nal aunt of the third Lord Lyttleton. Both she 
and Miss Fraser were on the most intimate 
terms with the Kemnay familj^ and among 
other things which Miss Fraser left the late 
Miss Burnett, were miniatures of herself and 
Miss Bristow. These are now in the possession 
of Miss Burnett's nephew, George Burnett, 
Esq., Lyon-King-at-Arms, who has most cour- 
teously furnished us with much valuable in- 
formation for our notes on Cluny. 

[3.] 
lu memoiy of Lieuteuant-Geueral Alexr. 
M'Kenzie Fraser, Colonel of the 78 Rest., 
died 15th Sept'., 1809, aged 51. In all his mili- 
tary career for zeal & steadyuess, surpassed by 
none : in length & variety of service equalled by 
few. Warm in his affections ; cool in his judg- 
ment ; mild in his marmere ; firm in his pur- 
poses ; beloved, esteemed, & regretted. In- 
scribed to her nephew by Elyza Eraser. 

[4.] 

Sacred to the memory of Elyza Eraser, late 

possessor of this Castle, who departed this life 

on the 8th JanJ'., 1814, aged 80. Distinguisheil 

by her intellectual attainments & polite accom- 



plishments, and still more by those virtues which 
dignify & exalt human nature, and after a life 
spent in the uniform & active discharge of every 
Christian duty, she resigned her breath, in the 
joyful hope of a glorious immortality. That her 
memory may be cherished by the inhabitants of 
this place is the sincere prayer of her grateful 
relation & successor, Charles Fraser. 

To the south-east of the Castle- Fraser vault 
is that of the old Gordons of Cluny. The 
opening is partially concealed by " a rosun-ec- 
tion-prevention safe " — a granite stone shaped 
like a coffin, but much larger, with massive 
iron bars screwed into it, and i^rojecting from 
its ends and edges at right angles — which was 
laid over the coffin to prevent resurrectionists 
from removing the corpse for anatomical 
purposes. The vault, which contains no 
monument, is filled with rubbish. 

It was in 14-t9-.50 that the first Earl of 
Huntly had a grant of Cluny from James XL, 
and the property appears to have remained in 
the hands of the chief of the Gordons until 
1539, when Alexander, third son of the third 
Earl of Huntly, received Cluny from his 
father in exchange for Strathdown. 

The Gordons of Cluny were also large land- 
owners in Birse, and Sir Thomas, who suc- 
ceeded his father, John Gordon, in 1602, in 
certain lands in that parish, married Grizel, a 
daughter of Lord Innermeath (Doug. Peerage). 
It would appear, from a carved stone panel, 
now in the lobby of Cluny Castle, that Sir 
Thomas had either erected a new house upon 
the property, or made some alterations upon 
the old one. The slab, which is in excellent 
preservation, presents a good carving of tlie 
Gordon-Seton coat, also this inscription : — 
S. 

T. SVB . SPES . DOMINVS G. 

THOM • GORDON • A • CLVNY • MILES 
ME . FECIT : 1 : 6 : : 4. 

Bemg one of the leaders of the Popish party 
against King James, Sir Thomas, along with 



130 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



his cliiof and many clansmen, was declared a 
traitor, and on 9th March, 1592-3, acommission 
was appointed " to pas, searche, seik, and tak" 
those who were denounced as rebels, and also 
those who were engaged in the " birning of 
the Place of Dynnibirsell and murtliour of 
vmqle James, Earl of Murray," in both of 
which affairs Sir Thomas appears to have been 
concerned (Crim. Trials). 

Like man}- of his followers, however, ho 
was eventually pardoned. He probably died 
before May, 1617, as at that time his son 
Alexander, who married a daughter of the 
Earl of Angus, received the honour of knight- 
hood, and, in 1627, he was created a baronet 
with remainder to his heirs male, but dying 
without male issue, the baronetcy became 
extinct. Sir Alexander took a prominent 
part in the events of his time, and in noticing 
the death of Sir John Leslie of "Wardes, 
which occurred at Aberdeen on 3rd Feb., 
164:5, Spalding says that he was "a great 
enemy to the Laird of Clunj^, who mellit with 
his estait." 

Upon the back of a J a is, or long wooden 
sofa-like seat, which is preserved at Cluny 
Castle, are carved the Gordon arms (three 
boars' heads couped), the initials W. G., and 
the date of 1607. The same arms are also 
upon an old chair, which boars the initials 
I.G., andtlie following invocation and date: — 

O • MY ■ SA^O, • REST ■ IN ■ PEACE • 
1 C 3 1. 

We have no means of identifying the owners 
of either of these relics. lioth may have 
formed part of the furnishings of the old 
Castle of Cluny, the iron yett or grated door 
of which is still preserved, and the ditch or 
fosse, which surrounded the fortalice, is also 
traceable. 

It is certain that the old Gordons were out 
of Cluny about or soon after the middle of 



the 17th century, and that it was mortgaged 
to, or money lent upon it by, Thos. Nicolson, 
burgess of Aberdeen, who, in 164-4, was one 
of several persons that petitioned Parliament 
to have an investigation made of a process 
which was raised against Sir Alex. Gordon of 
Cluny and his associates by " the relict and 
bairnes of vmqle "William Brown for his pre- 
tendit slauchter." How the affair ended is 
uncertain, but later in the same year Sir 
Alexander was "wairdit in the tolbuith of 
Edinburgh" at the instance of Sir Thomas 
Nicolson, advocate, son of the above-named 
burgess, for a debt of 1100 merks with interest 
thereon (Acta Pari., vi. pt. i. 106). 

It was possibly about this time that George 
Xicolson, a brother of Sir Thomas', and 
also an advocate, succeeded to a portion of 
Clunj', he having, in 1669, received liberty to 
hold a market at the Kirktowu (Ibid., vii.) 
He was also proprietor of Kemnay, and, on 
being raised to the bench in 1682, assumed 
the title of Lord Kemnay. He was alive in 
1707, and having been created a baronet, was 
succeeded in the title, first, by his eldest son, 
Thomas, who died in 1728, leaving daughters 
only, and next, by his second son AVilliam, 
laird of Gleubervie. 

But Sir Alexander, the last of the old 
Gordons of Cluny, was followed in the main 
portion of it by a second family of Gordons;, it 
having been acquired either by Eobert, son of 
Sir Eobert Gordon of Gordonstown (first 
baronet), or by his son, also Eobert. The 
latter married a daughter of Lord Arbuthnott, 
and was father of another Eobert Gordon of 
Clun\', who died in 1729, and is interred in 
Lady Yester's Church, Edinburgh. On his 
death, his uncle, Kenneth Gordon, advocate, 
succeeded to Clunj-, and seems to have sold 
it. Kenneth had a son, Eobert, who was 
served heir to his mother in 1741, but there is 
no service to his father. 



OLUNT. 



131 



It was some time about the middle of the 
last century that Cluny was acquired by the 
present family, the first of whom, John Gor- 
don, factor to the Duke of Gordon, had a 
grant of arms as " Gordon of Cluny" in 1753. 
He is said to have come from Glenlivet to 
Focliabers as local factor or " curator," as he 
was familiarly called, to the third Duke of 
Gordon, and to have amassed so much wealth 
as tacksman of the salmon fishings on the 
Spey that he was able to make monetary 
advances on various properties in the neigli- 
bourhood, of which he ultimately became the 
possessor. He was succeeded in the estate 
of Cluny by his son, Cosmo, who was bred an 
advocate, and appointed a Baron of Exchequer 
iu 1778. He was one of those to whom Dr. 
Beattie inscribed the volume of Essays and 
Fragments in prose and verse by his son, Jas. 
Hay Beattie (1795). On the death of his 
wife, to whom he was married on 30th June, 
1786, and who was the only daughter of 
Henry Baillie of Carubroe, Baron Gordon 
gifted a pair of communion cups to the church, 
upon which is the following : — 

Presented to the Congregatimi of Cluny by Baron 
GOUDON, An Heritor in the parish, in consequenee of 
an Intrntinn i .e inisxi'd by his Amiable a ml Arr,nii- 
plialiid ■•-iiniis,; M.Miv Baillie, who inf. i mn.r/.'n.i/h/ 
earrcl ■•/ If,/ <i J'nlenl Fever, after afeir tin, is ,//„<.«, 
upon the -Alth day of May 1791, in the S-ird Year cf 
her Age. 

Baron Gordon had two brothers, Charles 
and Alexander, who both went to India, wliere 
they acquired vast riches. They were tlie 
principal proprietors of the island of Tobago, 
and although " the curator" may have been 
pretty wealthy for his time and opportunities, 
the great mass of the fortunes of the family 
had doubtless come from the West Indies. 
Alexander, the second .son, who died un- 
married, at Bath, in 1801, was designed of 
Bellmount, Tobago, and his brother Charles, 
who succeeded to Cluny on Baron Gordon's 



death, died at his residence of Braid, near 
Edinburgh, in 1814. By Joanna Trotter he 
left three sons and two daughters. The 
daugliters were both married, the elder, 
Joanna, to IMr. J. W. H. Dalryniple (who 
afterwards succeeded his cousin as 7th Earl of 
Stair), from whom she obtained a separation, 
and the younger, INIary, was tlie wife of Sir 
J. L. Johnstone of "Westerhall, Bart. In the 
announcement of the marriage of Mr. Charles 
Gordon with iMiss Trotter, which took place 
on 8th jSTov., 1775, slie is described as " Miss 
Jackie, daughter of Thomas Trotter, Esq. of 
Mortonball" (Scots Maga.) 

The sons, John, Cosmo-George, and Alex- 
ander, left no legitimate issue. The last two 
died in 1795 and 1839 respectively, and 
John, who succeeded to Cluny on the death 
of his father, Charles, in 181 i, inherited the 
wealth of the family, and died in 1858, at the 
age of 82, leaving in money and property 
from two to three millions sterling. 

Besides adding greatly to his landed estate, 
the late ilr. Gordon, who was colonel of the 
Aberdeenshire Militia, and some time an 
M.P., buUt the present fine edifice of Cluny 
Castle. His son has added a handsome chapel 
to it ; and also made great and permanent im- 
provements upon the whole of his estates in 
the counties of Aberdeen and Banff. 

The family burial place is in St. Cuthbert's 
Churchyard, Edinburgh, where the present 
laird erected a mausoleum, in which tliere are 
four inscribed tablets :— 

Here He interred Cosmo Gordon, one of the 
Barons of Exchequer, who died 22nd Nov'., 1800. 

Alexander Gordon, who died 2d Oct'., 1801; 

Alexander Gordon, who died 12th Oct'., 1839 ; 

Joanna Gordon, Countess of Stair, who died 
ICth Feb>-- 1847. 

[2.] 

Fere lie interred Mary Baillie, wife of 
Baron Gordon, who died SOth iMay, 17'.)1 ; 



132 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



Cosmo-George Gordox, who died 12tli Sept'., 
1795 ; 
Susan Gordon, who died 6th Aug''., 1856 ; 
Charles Gordon, who died 12th Dec'., 1857. 

[3.] 

Here lie interred Joanna Trotter, wlio died 
Vth Sept'., 1798 ; 

Charles Gordon, who died 13th May, 1814; 

Mart Steel-Gordon, who died 13th July, 
1833 ; 

Mary Gordon, who died 7th July, 1846 ; 

Colonel John Gordon of Cluny, who died 
16th July, 1858. 

[4.] 

In the east wall is a moilallion portrait, in 
marble, of the first wife of the present laird, 
and below is the following : — 

Clara-Margaret-Jean, wife of John Gordon 
of Cluny, died at Bonchureh, Isle of Wight, 12th 
February, 1864, aged 21 years. 

The next inscription is from a table stone in 
the churchyard of Cluny : — 

In memory of Egbert Burnett, Esq' of 
Sauchen, who died 1768, aged 84 ; and of Jean 
Barclay, his spouse, who died 1786, aged 71. 
Also of their sou Andrew, who died 1770, aged 
24 ; and of Mart, then- daughter, died 1784, aged 
45. Also James Scott, late tenant in Achath, 
o-randsou of the said Robert Burnett, who died 
the 18th January, 1815, aged 39 years. And of 
Elizabeth Cruickshank, his spouse, who died 
at Aberdeen, 7th August, 1856, aged 72 years. 
Also of David Scott, late tenant in Achath, 
their son, who died at Aberdeen, 3rd May, 18G4, 
aged 53 years. 

— Thomas, eldest son, by a second marriage of 
the first ]5aronet of Leys, got Sauchen by 
marriage with the elder daughter and co-heir 
of William Burnett of Sauchen, parson of 
Kinerny. He was succeeded by his son, 
Kobert, who was minister at Banchory-Ter- 
nan, and father of Eobert Burnett, who died 
in 1768, by whose surviving daughters the 
property was sold (Epitaphs, i. 4). The minis- 
ter's younger brother, Andrew, presented two 
communion cups to the church of Cluny ; 
both are of the ordinary tumbler form, with 
curved lips, and thus inscribed : — 



This Cup was gifted to the Church of Cbiney hy 
Andrew Burnett, in Abd., son to y" Deceast Thomat 
Bwrnett, sometime Laird ofSauchene. 1725. 

— Sauchen now belongs to Mr. John Bumett- 
Craigie of Linton (anciently Cairndije). Cairn- 
dye belonged to Lumsdens for sometime be- 
fore and after 1696. It lies within the 
Kinerny portion of Cluny, and was owned 
about 1730 by Burnett of Camphill, an early 
cadet branch of the Leys family, descended 
from "William Burnett of Craigour and Camp- 
hill, who fell at Pinkie. One of these Burnetts, 
a well-known gallant in his time, is celebrated 
by Forbes of Disblair in the name of a 
Strathspey, which is more remarkable for 
its spirited effect than for the delicacy of 
its title. Burnett of Cairndye " was out in 
the '4.5," and the family ended in a dumb 
lady, who married a son of the Eev. Mr. 
Craigie of Old Deer. Their son married a 
daughter of the Eev. Mr. Shepherd of Daviot, 
by whom he had the present laird of Lin- 
ton and other children. The present laird's 
father died in early life, and his widow 
married the Eev. Mr. Burnett, of the Fiee 
Church, Huntly. 

There are no monuments in the Linton 
burial place, which is an enclosure to the 
north-west of the Castle-Fraser aisle. Near to 
it is a coffin-shaped slab, embellished with 
mortuary emblems : — 

Under this stone belonging to me Tohn 
Brownie, lyes my two decased spoues : Helen 
Meldrom, my first spouse, who departed this 
life Feby. 9, 1719, aged 32 ; and Barbra Cristie, 
my second spous, who departed April 1, 1727, 
and of age 36. The Lord gave, and the Lord 
hath taken away, blessed be the name of the 
Lord. 

An adjoining table-stone shews that the 
united ages of the last four recorded upon it 
amounted to the long period of 338 years : — ■ 
Of Egbert Bbowny & his wife. 
Here ly the bones at rest ; 
Who of a married state of life 
The dutys all exprest. 



OLUNY. 



133 



With God sincere, with neighbours just, 

Tliey liv'd from vice unstain'd ; 

By i)reeept & example they 

Their sous to virtue train'd. 
Egbert Browny died Aug. 26th, 1737, aged 
50. Agnes Chrysty, Jary. 19th, 1751, aged 50. 
C'has. Brown, died May 19th, 1797, aged 87. 
Elizabeth Barron, his wife, died Mar. 17, 1803, 
aged 83. Kgbt. Brown died Aug. 7th, 1835, 
aged 84. Barbar.a Urquhart, his wife, died 
1st April, 1844, aged 84. 

Near the above : — 

Here lie the bodies of Mr. Eobt. Michie, 
minister of Cluuy, who died the 15th June, 1791, 
An. jSA: 77, minist. 51 ; and of Janet Irvine, 
his spouse, who died the 9th April, 1790, JEA,. 75. 

— It is told of Mr. Michie, who wrote a good 
account of the parish for Sir John Sinclair's 
great work, that, being entrusted with the dis- 
tribution of the Government supply of meal, 
which was sent to the parish during the 
"dear" or famine year of 1788, he urged the 
necessity of economy upon the people by 
quaintly remarking — " For gweed sake, sir-s, 
baud in upo' the women an' the yeild nowt ! " 

Mr. Michie was succeeded by Mr. Mearns, 
to whose memory there is a table-shaped stone 
thus inscribed : — 

Alexander Mearns, apud Toviam XVII. 
annos, in hacce pai oecia XXVI., ecclesise pastor 
omnium erga suos officionim bene peritus, inque 
omnia diligenter incumbens, nulla in re rudis, 
quo non iutegrioris vit«, non spectatior alter 
ob. XXIII die Apr. A.t»., MDCCCXX, wt 
LXXVIII. Conjux pia fidelissima, Anna 
MoRisoN, post mariti mortem III. anuis exactis 
diebusque LXXIV, hie quoque requiescit loci, 
annos habeus LXXXV. 

[Alexander Mearns, minister of Towie for 
seventeen, and of this parish for twenty-six 
years, tlioroughly acquainted with all the duties 
of his office, which he discharged with equal dili- 
gence and ability, second to none in integrity of 
life, or the esteem which he enjoyed, died 23d 
April 1820, aged 78. His pious and most faith- 
ful wife, Ann Morison, who died at the age of 85, 
having survived her husband 3 years and 74 days, 
also rests here.] 

— Mr. Mearns (whose father w^as minister of 
Insch) married a daughter of Provost Morison 
of Aberdeen, by whom he had a son, some- 



time minister at Tarves, afterwards Professor 
of Divinity in King's College, Aberdeen, like- 
wise a daughter, who died at the age of 85. 
It was through this relationship that the 
Eev. Dr. jMearns, minister of Kineff', came 
to the properties of Disblair and Elsick. 

Mr. ilearns' immediate successor in Cluny 
was Mr. John Praser, at one time school- 
master at Inverurie, and a son of Baillie 
Praser of Kintore. He died in 1850, aged 
C7, and was succeeded by ]\Ir. Alexander 
Eamage, who died in 1865, aged 51, to whose 
memory the parishioners erected a monument. 
Mr. Eamage's father, who was an ingenious 
optician in Aberdeen, planned and made some 
of the best reflecting telescopes of his time, 
which had a place in the Greenwich Observa- 
tory, along with those of Sir John Herschell. 

The next five inscriptions are from table 
stones : — • 

[1-J 

This is the burying place of John Kemp por- 
tioner in Gilcomston, and Stocat Head, and here 
lies the remains of Christian Laiib, his spouse, 
who departed this life the 11th of Aprile, 1775, 
aged 37 years. 

m 

In memory of Egbert Donald, sometime 
farmer in Midmar, who died the 3d day of Oc- 
tober, 1796, in the 70th year of his age. And 
also of his wife, Barbara Harvey, who died 
the 27th day of March, 1812, in the 83rd year of 



her age. 



[3.] 



To the memory of John Donald, late farmer 
in Tilliedaff, Midmar, who dejjartecl this life the 
14 July, 1795, aged 55 years. Erected by his 
spouse Janet Harvey. She died the 8 of May, 
1804, aged 72 yeai-s, and her remains also ly in- 
terred under this stone. 

— Barbara and Janet Harvey were nearly re- 
lated to John Harvey, schoolmaster of Mid- 
mar, some of whose sous became West India 
planters and merchants, and amassed great 
wealth. The younger left part of his estate 
to two nephews of the name of Aberdein 
and Parquhar, who both assumed the surname 



134 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



of Harvey. The former bought Kinnetlles, 
in Angus, and the latter Castlesemple, in 
Renfrew. 

[4.] 
Here lyes Jean Reid, spous to James Robert- 
sou in Drumnahoy, who dep'. this life Dec. the 
30, 1731, aged 51 yeare. This stone belongs to 
me James Robertson, in Drumnahoy. Vivet 
post fimera virtus. Likwise James Robertson, 
who died on the 22nd of december 1765, aged 94. 

[5.] 
To the memory of Alexander Robertson, 
merch' in Aberdeen, son of Thomas Robertson, 
sometime farmer in Nether Sauchen, who died 
the 2'' AprO 1794, aged 47 years. 

— Alexander Eobertson bequeathed to the 
kirk-session the interest of £100 for behoof of 
the poor of the parish, also the interest of £200 
to the parochial schoolmaster for teaching 
" eight poor children." The schoolmaster 
enjoyed the benefit of this gift until the 
failure of a late firm of advocates in Aberdeen, 
when the principal was lost. Upon the same 
stone are recorded the deaths of John, Andrew, 
and James, brothers of the above, who died in 
1795, 1800, and 1819, also of Agnes Forbes, 
and Margaret Barron, both wives of the 
last-mentioned of these brothers. 

A table stone records the death of the Kev. 
George Mitchell, 31 years schoolmaster, and 
latterly assistant minister of Cluny, who died 
in 1822, aged 58 ; another is to the memory 
of Alex. Law, A.M., son of the farmer of 
Denmill, who was schoolmaster of Monymusk, 
and died in 1821, aged 63, and a third also 
shows that the Rev. Charles Lawie, who fol- 
lowed the same useful and laborious profession 
in the parochial school of Gamrie, died in 
1845, in his 27tli year. 

There has been long a Secession Church in 
the Midmar district, and this inscription, from 
an obelisk, refers to one of the ministers : — 

In memory of the Revd. .James Paterson, 
A.M., minister of the Ud. Secession Churcli, 
Midmar, who died 8th March, 1838, in the 62'"' 



year of his age, and 33'' of his ministry. This 
tombstone is erected by his family. 

From a headstone : — 

In memory of Alexander Ogg, wlio died 30 
.June 1836, aged 70. His wife Helen Lawie, 
who died June .30, 1834, aged 78. And then- 
son James, who died in ehOdhood. 

— These were the parents of the Rev. Charles 
Ogg, late minister of Inverallochy, who is 
now in his eighty-third year. He writes that 
he has a distinct recollection of Baron Gordon, 
and knew the late Miss Fraser personally, 
also her friend IVIiss Bristow. He was present 
at the bringing of the stone from the hill of 
Coreene, which forms the monument, and 
describes Lieut. F. M'Kenzie-Fraser, of the 
78th Regiment, whom he saw in the barracks 
at Aberdeen in 1813-14, as "a gigantic man, 
and quite capable of upholding, as is reported 
of him. the character of the British soldier." 



There are several rude stone circles in tlie 
parish of Cluny, also single boulders, at one 
of which, " le Graystane of Cluny," and at 
the " Courtcairn" on the Gallowhill, near 
Castle Fraser, the barony Courts of Cluny and 
Muchal were held respectively. To the south- 
east of the Gallowhill is the Tipper Well, the 
only spring, we believe, in the parish with a 
distinctive name. 

Several stone coffins, containing urns and 
human bones, have been discovered through- 
out the parish, and at Drumnahoy, near Castle 
Fraser, there was a weem or Pict's house. It 
was about 51 feet long, 4 feet wide, and 6 
feet high. In a space round this cave, which 
was long left uncultivated, and known as the 
" Pestgraves," human bones have been fre- 
quently turned up (Proceed. So. Ant., i. 263). 
This is possibly the spot where the "16 or 17 
persons" were buried, who are said to have 
died of the plague in Cluny in 1666. 



CLUNY. 



135 



A boulder called the Wolfstane, witli a 
cavity in the top, stands about 1-|- mile west 
by north of the church. Its use is unknown, 
but it resembles pretty much the boulder at 
Peter Culter, called the Doupln Stane, in 
which the youngest burgess of Aberdeen is 
placed at the riding of the town's marches. 

A considerable portion of the ruins of Tilly- 
cairn Castle still remains. It was the resi- 
dence of Matthew Lumsdex, who wrote a 
Description of the Genealogie of the Houss of 
Forbes ; and there probably he " departit the 
xxij day of June, 1580 yeris." 

Long before Cluny came into the hands of 
the Earl of Huntly, it belonged to the Frasers 
of Cowie and Durris. This was in the time 
of Eobert the Bruce ; and in that of David II., 
the Earl of Sutherland and Margaret, the 
King's sister, had charters of the barony and 
advocation of the kirk. 

Although a great portion of the parish had 
been a swamp at one time, the water is now 
confined into the Burn of Cluny, which 
passes near the mansion-house, and adds much 
to its amenity. Cluaiii, or Clunie, means 
meadow or lawn — a fertile piece of land sur- 
rounded by a bog or marsh, or a bog on one 
side and water on the other (Joyce). 

fins, compel, by Mr Harper, schoolmr ] 



^ t r t c 1) e n. 

(S. JOHX, EVANGELIST.) 

THE parish of StricJicyn was formed out 
of those of Fraserbm-gh (anciently 
Pliilorth) and Eathen, but chiefly out of the 
latter. The inhabitants long continued to 
bury their dead at Eathen, and some of the 
I ijch-daneg, or boulders, which were used for 



resting coffins upon, when being conveyed to 
the churchyard, still stand by the side of the 
old road which leads to Eathen, through be- 
tween the hills ofMormond (Epitaphs, i. 136). 
These stones were named from the Anglo- 
Saxon word lie or lijce, " a dead body or 
corpse." 

A church and family burial aisle were built 
at Strichen in 1620, by Thomas Fraser, pro- 
prietor of the district. Strichen was made into 
a separate parish by Act of Assembly in 1627, 
and confirmed by Act of Parliament in 1633. 
The church and aisle were erected upon the 
west liank of the Ugie, not far from the man- 
sion-house, and the original kirk, which had 
received occasional repairs and alterations, was 
taken down in 1798-9. 

The burial aisle still remains, and although 
it contains no tombstones, the Session records 
show that several members of the family of 
Strichen were interred there, including the 
Hon. Alex.'vxder Eraser, Lord Strichen, who 
was a Senator of the College of Justice, and 
died at Strichen House, 15th Feb. 1775. He 
was the great grandson of the founder of the 
church of Strichen, and succeeded his elder 
brother, James, who died without issue in 
1725. Lord Strichen, who was raised to the 
bench in 1730, married Ann, Countess of 
Bute, who predeceased him about 1759, and 
by whom he had an only son and heh. His 
Lordship occupied a seat upon the bench for 
the long period of forty -five years, and is said 
to have been one of the judges who sat upon 
the famous trials of Effie Deans, in 1736, and 
the Douglas Cause, in 1768. 

Lord Strichen's son married the only daugh- 
ter of Menzies of Culdares, by whom he had 
a large family. The eldest son, Alexander, 
who was a captain in the First Dragoon 
Guards, married a daughter of the Eoman 
Catholic family of Leslie of Balquhain. He 
died in 1803, and was succeeded by his only 



136 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



son, Thomas Alexander, who came to Uic 
estates of Lovat about 1816, and in 1857 tlie 
House of Lords adjudged him the dormant 
title of Lord Lovat. His Lordship died at 
Beaufort Castle, Inverness-shire, in 1875, in 
his 73rd year, and was succeeded by his eldest 
son in the titles and estates of Lovat. 

It was the late Lord Lovat who, in 1822, 
founded the present mansion-house of Htricheu, 
which was erected after plans by Mr. Smith 
of Aberdeen. In 1855 the estate of Striclien 
was sold to Mr. George Baird, of the Gart- 
sherrie family, who married Cecilia, daugh- 
ter of Eear-Adniiral Hattcn, of Clonard, 
CO. "Wexford. Mr. Baird died suddenly at 
Strichen House in August, 1870, in his 60th 
year, and was succeeded by his only child, 
George Alexander, who was born in 1861. 

Since Mr. Baird bought Strichen, the estate 
has been added to by the purchase of the 
JMill of Adziell — the rest of AdzieU having 
been bought by the late Lord Lovat, from 
Admiral Ferguson of Pitfour, some thirty or 
forty years before Mr. Baird acquired the 
property. By building, draining, &c., Mr. 
Baird and his trustees have much improved 
the appearance of the estate, ami nearly 
doubled its value. Adziell, Skilliemarno, and 
Boginjohn, were parts of the forfeited estates 
of Earl Marischal. 

The oldest session-book now known at 
Strichen begins, 16th Nov., 1662, and the 
first ejitry has reference to the induction to 
the church of Mr. Alex. Eoss, as successor to 
Mr. Wm. Scott, who was the first minister of 
the parish. Mr Eoss was ordained minister 
of Strichen by Bishop Mitchell, within the 
Cathedral of Aberdeen, 25th Oct., 1662, and 
on the 9th of Nov. following he was " insti- 
tut" to the church by the Eev. James Moore, 
minister of Rathen, by order of the Bishop. 

On making inquiry regarding the " pub- 
lict furnitur of the church" after his induc- 



tion, Mr. Eoss found "y' y'' vas ane half 
houre sand glasse, ane Basine & cloath for 
baptisime, ane Psalme Book but no Bible at 
all, three coniumnione tables & on table cloth 
y' covers them all, foure fourmes, ane great 
kist, made after the forme of ane seatt, no 
Baptisme Book, no buriall Book, but y'' is ane 
session Book from the Erectione of the Church 
till y** yeer of God 165.3, September ij, but 
since that time to the present ministers entrie, 
ney' Book nor scrol, excejit on year 1660, q''' 
I [the clerk] could not insert." 

The clerk was " ordaynet" to keep minutes 
of baptisms and marriages, and the church 
officer of burials " till y"' Session buy Books 
for them." It aj^pears that " the Laird" was 
in. the custom of furnishing " y'^ elements 
yearly"; but no mortifications belonged to the 
parish at that date, " except on by the Laird 
of Streichyne to the scholl of ane house & 
yard, & tuo bols soweing, as is clerely seen in 
y'' mortificatione in y" old register, pag not 
being quotit, yeer of God 1640 Session de- 
cembr 27." 

But the scantiness of the " furnitur" did 
not prevent an attempt being made to make 
it still less, for it ajjpears that on the 1st of 
March, 1663, Andrew Dickie was " delait" for 
making free with no less sacred an object than 
" y ■ Psalme Book." He confessed to having 
the book in his possession, but denied that he 
stole it out of the church, asserting that he had 
" bought it from ane stranger." But the Ses- 
sion, disbelieving Dickie's statement, not only 
fined him in the sum of 40s. Scots, but or- 
dered him to sit upon the public place of re- 
pentance " till they were satisfied." 

The bell bears the following inscription, 

kindly furnished by Mr. J. Stewart, jun. : — 

HENRICK • TER • HOEST • 

ME • FECIT • DAVENTRI.E • 

ANNO • 1633. 

[Heurick Ter Hoi'st made me at Deventer iu 1633.] 



STRIGHEN. 



13? 



One of two unused tin communion cups, 
beai-s " STKi ■ ■ en • 1672," and the " Baptism 
Bason nf Siriehcn" is dated 1763. The church 
stands upon the south side of the churchyard, 
at a short distance from the site of the old 
kirk. An addition was recently made to the 
burial ground ; and from the gravestones, in 
the old portion, the following inscriptions are 
quoted. 

A flat slab, upon which are ruile carvings of 
an open book, a winged sandglass, a coffin, a 
candlestick, a skull and crossed bones, bears : — 

Here lyes Mr Iames Park, minister of the 
Gospell sometime at Urquhart, who dj'ed the 5 
of August 1691 :— 

Cwra ciirarum est ciira aiihiuirum. 
The care of cares is the care of souls. 
This may be a document for all preachers, though 
private Christians have not such a charge of the 
so\ils of others as preachers have ; yet everie on 
hath a soul of liis own which he must count to 
God for, what will it advantage a man though 
he should gain the whol world and loss his oun 
soul, Mat. IG, 26. Precious Christ said to Peter, 
Loves Tliow me, who answered, Lord thow 
knouest I Love The Then feed my Lambs, 
Juhn 21, 15. The sun of righteousness is be- 
lievers hajipiues. 

— Mr. Park, who was "servitor or pedagogue 
to the laird of Innes's children," was appointed 
to the church of Urquhart in 1647, and de- 
posed in 1 660, when ho retired to his property 
of Cranocli, and died at Clayfords in Stricheu 
(Scott's Fasti.) Upon a table stone : — 

Here lyes the body of Iames Chewis, who 
lived all his life in Tarfat, who departed this 
life, Dessember the 2, 1732, being the 81 year of 
his age ; & here lyes the body of Isobel Crudex, 
spouse to lames Chewis, who departed this life 
the 18 of Desember, being the 77 year of hir 
age, 1727. 

— Chewis and his wife, along with their man- 
servant, George Woodman, and their herd, 
Andrew Shirrar, were charged poll tax in 
1696. Woodman is an old name in Strichen. 
Thomas, in Auchnary, who died in 1791, 
aged 78, is the first recorded in the church- 
yard ; and John, medical practitioner in 



Strichen, who died in 1857, aged 57, is one of 
the latest. The latter had a brother William, 
schoolmaster of Fraserburgh and a licen- 
tiate of the Church of Scotland, who died in 
1862, aged 71. F'rom a table stone : — 

Here is interred the body of Margaret 
Urquhart, spouse to Mr. William Finnib, 
-schoolmaster in Strichen. She deceased XXVIII 
May MDCCXXXVI. Undei- this stone also lies 
interred the body of tlic said Mr. William 
FiNNiE, who died XV Feb. MDCCLVII, aged 
LXVI. Also of William Finnie, son to sd Mr. 
Finnic by his wife Auue Swtor, who died 11 
Deer. MDCCLXIV, aged XXVI ; and of Iean 
Fixnie their daughter, who died 8th Nov. 1769, 
aged 28. Also of Anne Sutor, wife and mother 
as before inscribed, who died 28th Api'il, 1771, 
aged 56 years. 

— Mr. Finuie was probably tlie immediate 
successor of William Gordon, who was teacher 
at Strichen in 1696, and whoso poll was 6s., 
being about the same sum as was paid by farm 
servants and herds ! 

Under this lyes the body of Barbara Fal- 
coner, united for 36 years to William Ironside, 
in Burushangie, but this bond of union bieng 
dissolved by death, 12th June 1763, aged 75 
years — 

My once fair body is brought here, 

In mould'ring dust to lie ; 
But lovely Jesus will it raise. 
Never again to die. 
Also the body of the said William Ironside, 
who died the 8th of Dec. 1792, aged 88 years. 

From a flat stone, upon which a sandglass, 
a bell, a coffin, cross bones, an open book, &c., 
are carved : — 

memento MORI. 

This glass is run, these bones ly in the grave. 
And who. looks ou, may think no teme thay Lave. 
A. S. Hear leys the body of Alexander 
Spark, who lived inthisChurchtoun of Strichen, 
aud died ther. lun ye 8, 1728. Also of Charles 
Spark. He died Febr. 5th, 1782, aged 68. 

— Not a vestige now remains of " this Clmrch- 
toun," the alehouse of which was kept by 
Spark. In 1696, John Spark, tenant in 
Kirkton, and his wife were charged 1 6s. poll. 
A table stone, embellished with a tailor's 



138 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS. 



goose, scissors, and bodkin, also some mortu- 
ary emblems, is thus inscribed : — 

In hopes of a blessed resurrection, here lyes 
the body of John Henderson, taylor in Chappel- 
hill, in parish of Stricheu, who dyed the 2d of 
Feb. 1730, aged 57, & his spouse Elspet Milne, 
who died the 14th Augsi, 1720, aged 47, and 
their son John Henderson. 
From a table stone : — 

To the memory of John Petrie, sometime 
blacksmith in Redbogg, lie died Nov' IS"" 1757, 
agd 82. Also his spouse, Jannet Glenny, & of 
their children, John, George, Alexk., Jean, 
Thomas, & Jas. Petries. 
Upon a flat stone at end of aisle : — 

Here lies Robert Milne, who livd at Mill of 
Tyrie. He died 1776, aged 74 :— 

My friend thou hast put far from me 

& him y' did we love, 

& those y' miu Aquanteuce were, 

by death thou did remove. 
The next monument, if it maybe so termed, 
is possibly unique, the inscription being rudely 
carved upon the side of a well- worn grindstone, 
which, according to report, was carried by the 
widow of the deceased upon her back from 
her husband's smithy at Cairndale, in Old 
Deer, and laid upon his grave at Strichen : — 

Here are 

Deposited in hop 

Of a blessed Resun-ection 

The Remains of lames 

laffrey B S sometime 

Cairndel Q 'who depart 

ed this life lune le"- 1770 agd 

' years. 



— Michael and William Jaftrey, who tenanted 
JS'' ether Adziell in 1696, were possibly ance.s- 
tors of the above. The name is one of pretty 
long standing in Strichen. 

The next four inscriptions are from table- 
shaped stones : — 



Wii. Gall, Bogeujohn, d. 1791, a. 70. Marot. 
Perry, his wf, d. 18(J8, a. 73 : — 
O paseuger be to thyself so kind, 
As on this stone to cast thine eyes & mind ; 
& think on death while time is lent to ye, 
For God commands the so to do. 

[2.] 
Under this stone lies inten-ed the body of 
Alexander Morris, farmer in Hawkhill, who 
died 26th Janry., 1776, aged 81 years ; also the 
body of Emelia Allaroyce, his spouse, who 
died 9th April, 1780, aged 84 years. This happy 
Couple lived for 55 years in a married Stat(\ 

[3.] 

Here are deposited the remains of the Rever- 
end Mr. John Smith, who was ordained minis- 
ter of Strichen, the 23rd of Novr., 1748, & died 
the 26th of Deer., 1784, aged 77 years. 

—Mr. Smith, previously schoolmaster at Long- 
side, was succeeded by Mr. Anderson :— 

[4.] 
To the memory of the Rev. William An- 
derson, A.M., minister of this parish. He 
was admitted to that office XXII. Sept., 
MDCCLXXXV, and died XVII. July, 
MDCCCVI, in the XLIX. year of his age. 
Under this stone also are interred the remains 
of his spouse, Mi-s. Helen Findlay, who died 
X. August, MDCCCLIV., aged LXXIV. years ; 
and of her sister. Miss Catherine Findlay, 
daughter of Alexander Findlay, physician in 
Fraserburgh. She died March, MDCCCXXXI, 
aged LVIII. years. 

— The session records contain lengthy and 
curious notices regarding a messenger-at-arms 
and a tailor, who, in Mr. Anderson's time, 
both persisted in " singing in such a loud, 
vociferous, and irregular manner" in church, 
" as entirely to disconcert the precentor and 
congregation." The minister and kirk-session 
put the case into the hands of the procurator- 
fiscal, and the matter was settled by the ac- 
cused agreeing to pay any expenses that had 
been incurred, to find security for their proper 
behaviour in future, and not to sing " longer 
or stronger than the precentor, or in any sort 
of irregularity." 

j\Ir. Anderson was come of a family who, 



STRICHEN. 



139 



as recorded on two adjoining gravestones, oc- 
cupied the farm of Eurnshangie ; and John, 
the lirst named, died there in 1731, aged 61. 
The minister's son Alexander, advocate in 
Aberileen, and some time Lord Provost of that 
cit}', feceived the honour of knighthood, 13th 
Oct., 1863, when the Queen inaugurated 
Marochetti's bronze statue of the late Prince- 
Consort, which stands at the north-west cor- 
ner of Union Bridge. In acknowledgment of 
Sir Alexander's public services, which were all 
of the most disinterested and useful nature, 
his fellow-citizens had his portrait painted for 
the City Hall, by their townsman, George 
Reid, P.S.A. An aunt of Sir Alexander's 
died at Strichen in 1877, at the age of 94. 
From a marble monviment near west gate : — 

To the memory of Arthur Simpson, M.A., 
eldest son of the Rev''. Alexander Simpson, 
minister of this parish, student of divinity, and 
teacher in Robert Gordon's Hospital, Aberdeen. 
He died the 10th of February 1838, in the 2.5th 
year of his age. His amiable disposition, and 
excellent terajier, his mild and unassuming 
manners, his unblemished character, and Ids sin- 
cere and unaffected piety, greatly endeared liim 
to his fondly attached parents and all who knew 
him. 

In the adjoining grave, within this enclosure, 
are interred the remains of the above-mentioned 
Reverend Alexander Simpson, who was born 
on the 16th day of April 1778, admitted to the 
pastoral charge of this parish on the 18th day of 
June 1807, and died on the 3d day of May 
1852, &c. . . . This burying-ground belongs 
solely to the family of the late Rev. Alexander 
Simpson. 

— The above was the father of 'Mr. Alex. 
Simpson, advocate. Golden Square, Aberdeen, 
and of two daughters, one of whom married 
the I'ev. Dr. Forsyth, and the other the late 
Dr. Kerr, both of Aberdeen. 

The oldest of three adjoining tombstones 
bears the following : — 

Under this stone wei'e interred the remains of 
Mart Grew, wife of John Adamson, in Newton 
of Strichen. She died X. Sept. MDCCXCVII, 
in the LX. year of her age. Here also lies 



buried John Adamson, above-mentioned, who 
died IV. March MDCCCIX., aged about 
LXXIII. 

O, tread these mouldering heaps with awe ! 

Think that the grave belongs to thee ; 
Revere high Heaven's eternal law, 
And live for immortality. 

— John Adamson was a grandson of Geo. 
Adamson, jun., tenant of Nether Glaslaw, in 
Aberdour (1696), by his wife, Jean, daughter 
of Forbes of Pitnacalder. Mr. Adamson, who 
died 1809, was long factor for Fraser of 
Strichen, and left two sons and two daugh- 
ters. The youngest daughter JIary, became 
the wife of Dr. Alex. Gavin, of Strichen ; and 
the eldest, Elizabeth, married John Ander- 
son, who succeeded her father as factor. Mr. 
Anderson died in 1838, aged 79, and his wife 
in 1843, aged 78. Their son, John, now pro- 
prietor of Westhill, in Skene, also succeeded 
his father as factor on Strichen, and held that 
office for four years after the property was 
sold to Mr. Baird. 

As recorded upon an adjoining tombstone, 
Mr. Adamson's eldest son, John, fanner of 
Xewton, married Isobel Anderson, and 
died in 1822, in his 55th year. His younger 
brother, Alexander, greatly distinguished 
himself at College by gaining the Eev. Dr. 
Buchanan's prize for the best Latin poem on 
the Civilization of India. It was printed 
in 1808, under the title of " Ode in Collegium 
Bengalense." He died while schoolmaster of 
Peterhead, and upon a flat slab is this inscrip- 
tion to his memory : — 

Alexandro Adamson, Strichenensi, literarum 
atque soientiie amantissimo, pietatis virtutumque 
cultori ingeuuo, sed parum sibi placenti, qui, 
natus XVI. Dec, MDCCLXXIL, per totam 
fere vitam valetudine oppre.ssus, obiit XXXI. 
Jan., MDCCCXII, Maria soror H.M.P.C. Stat 
sua cuique dies ; breve et irreparabile tempus 
omnibus est vitte. 

[To Alexander Adamson, of Strichen, a great 
lover of literature and science, and a sincere and 
humble-miniled follower of piety smd virtue, who 
was born 16th December, 1772, and died Slst 



140 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



Jamiavy, 1812, having been an invalid nearly all 
his life. His sister Mary caused this monument 
to be erected.] 

The next inscription (from a granite head- 
stone) relates to the erector of the last noticed 
monument and her husband : — • 

In affectionate remembi-ance of Alexander 
Gavin, surtjeon in Strichen, born 12th Septem- 
ber, 1776 ; died 22nd January, 1841. This stone 
■was erected by his widow, Mart Gavin. She 
■who erected this monumental stone departed 
this life, the 6th day of July, 1852, in the 74th 
year of her age. " Her children arise up and call 
her blessed." 

— Dr. Gavin began his professional career in 
the Navy as assistant-surgeon on board the 
Buadicea frigate, and after <a few months — pro- 
motion being rapid in those days — he was ap- 
pointed surgeon to the Arrow. He served in 
that ship, in Eiou's (" the gallant, good Eiou") 
squadron, under Nelson, at Copenhagen, in 
1801, and was transferred during the action 
to the Monarch, where the carnage was fright- 
ful, and the surgeons were overpowered with 
work. Dr. Gavin again joined his first ship, 
the Boadicea, and when it was paid off 
commission, he returned to Strichen, where 
he began practice. He was invited a few 
months afterwards to join a new ship, to which 
his old captain. Sir Eichard Keats, had been 
commissioned ; but being on the eve of his 
marriage, a contrary influence prevailed, and 
he spent the remainder of his life in his native 
parish, where he gained a high reputation as a 
surgeon, particularly as a lithotomist. Dr. 
Gavin, who was predeceased by a daughter and 
two sons, had a large family by his wife, one 
of whom, Dr. W. A. Gavin, succeeded to his 
father's practice at Strichen, which he has 
long carried on with success. The following 
relates to Dr. W. A. Gavin's grandparents : — 

To the memory of William Gavin, manufac- 
turer in Strichen, & his spouse, Margaret For- 
STTii. The latter died the 1 1th Sept., 1823, aged 
81), and the former on the 28 May, 1833, aged 
82 years. 



Isabel Robertson, d. 1768, a. 56 : — 

How lov'd, how valued once avails thee not, 
'J"o whom related, or by wlmm forgot ; 
A heej) of dust alone remains of thee 
'Tis all thou art, and all the jjroud shall be. 

Upon a table-shaped stone : — 

Under this stone (erected by John Gordon, 
farmer in Auchmaoleedv), is interred his wife 
Elizabeth Findlater, who died Nov 27"' 1821, 
in the 75th year of her age. Also, the said 
John Gordon, who died the 2nd day of Octr., 
1824, aged 78 years. Likewise their son, Mr. 
John Gordon, A.M., 55 years parochial school- 
master of this parish, who died the 8th May, 
1857, aged 77 years. 

— By pursuing a life-long course of rigid 
economy, the schoolmaster amassed consider- 
able wealth, part of which came to his brother 
George, feuar in Mormond Village, who died 
in-18C3, aged 76. Aware that his brother 
(who died intestate) intended to benefit the 
parish school iu some way, Mr. Geo. Gordon 
founded several bursaries in connection with 
it. He also gave a considerable sum towards 
" Nicol's Free School" (s. Appexdis). 
From a tablet in east wall of kirk3'ard : — 

Here lyes the body of James Adamson, M.A., 
parish of Strichen, who died on 3rd Dec, 1796, 
in the 77tli year of his age. 

Among the nonagenarians whose deaths are 
recorded at Strichen no fewer than five oc- 
cur in the next two inscriptions, making the 
united ages 457 years : — 

[1] 
In memory of John Hardy, late blacksmith 
in Cortes, who departed this life 27" Sept'., 
1813, aged 92 years. Also Mary Petrie, his 
spouse, who departed this life 21st Oct'., 1812, 
aged 93 years. Their son, John Hardt, some 
time merchant at Ratheu, who died at Fraser- 
burgh on 9th January, 1855, aged 91 years ; and 
his wife. Christian Scott, who died the 21st 
C»ctober, 1848, aged 74 years. Also their son, 
John Hardy, late farmer, Kirktown, Fraser- 
burgh, died 23rd February, 1847, iu his 40th 
year. [Two sisters died j'oung] 

[2.] 
. . . Ann Smith died the 9th July, 1828, 
aged 90. and George Reid died 24th Feb., 1830, 
aged 91 . . . 



/ 



STRICHEN. 



141 



Isabella Simpson, d. 1827- a. S-'i ; her husband, 
Jas. Trail, Mill of Bnixie, d. 1854, a, 82 :— 
In hope to sing without a sob 

the anthem ever new, 
I gladly bid the dusty glob 
and vain delights Adieu. 

From a headstone : — 

James Taylor, who died 12th Nov., 184(i, 
aged 90, was watch maker in Strichen nearly 47 
years, born in London, but his ancestors belonged 
to the city of Perth, where they were Hammer- 
men and Burgesses time immemorial. 
— Tradition says that Taylor's real name was 
Douglas, and that he had to leave London 
during the political disiurbauces -which took 
place there towards the beginning of the pre- 
sent centuiy. The stone was erected hy his 
son, Joseph Douglas Taylor, watchmaker in 
Striohen, who died in 1851, aged 57. 
Upon a flat slab : — 
John Baxter, and M. Davidson his wife. 
Lived fifty yeai-s a conjugal life ; [terr'd 

On one niglit they both died, & here are in- 
Bv relations & neighbours rever'd. [& 77. 

They departed this life Febry. 21", 1826, aged 80 

Alex. IIrquhart, farmer, Burngrains, Meth- 
lic, d. 1824, a 65 ; his wife Isabel Bl.vck, d. 
1834, a. 85 :— 

O blest exchange, O envied lot. 
Without a conflict crowned ; 
A stranger to pain, in pleasure blest 
And without fame renowned. 

— This happy state of existence contrasts 
strangely with that described in the following 
lines, from a tombstone to Geo. Eobertson, 
farmer, Lochills, who died in 1819, a. 51 : — 

Afflictions sore long time he bore. 

Physicians wei-e in vain ; 
Till God did ple:ise him to release, 
And free him from his pain. 
The next two are from tablestones : — 

Here lies the body of George Pirie, tenant at 
Milne of Kindrought, who died October 21st, 
1733, aged 88. Also his daughter Janet, spouse 
to Alexander Birny there, who died Oct. 6th, 
1749, aged 45. 

A neighbouring monument shews that the 
united ages of John Simpson, farmer in Mains 
of Kindrought, his son Arthur, and the wife 



of the latter, who all died between 1761 and 
1821, amounted to 245 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Andrew Anderson, 
late of the firm of John and Andrew Anderson, 
thread manufacturers, Slrichen. He died 31" 
August, 1852, in the 84th year of his age. 



During the construction of the railway to 
Fraserburgh, a cluster of stone cists, some of 
which contained urns and human bones, was 
found to the westward of ihe Eoman Catholic 
chapel at Strichen. Some of the urns and 
bones were sent to the College Museum of 
Aberdeen. 

" The Druid's Temple," which was visited 
by Dr. Samuel Johnson, when at Strichen 
House in 1773, is an interesting and pretty 
complete circle of stones. It stands in the 
wood near the garden of Strichen House ; and 
the walls of a chapel, supposed to have been 
built for, but never used by, Capt. Eraser's 
wife, Miss Leslie, are near the same spot. It 
was probably iu this locality that the hamlet 
of Chapelhill was situated, although its real 
site cannot now be pointed out. 

The district of Strichen was a portion of 
the territory of the old Earls of Buchan, one 
of whom, who died in 1233, gifted the lands 
and mill of Stratheyn and Kindrochet to 
Cospatric Jlacmadethyn. These were held of 
the Earl for military services, and an annual 
payment of wax. Cospatric and his brother, 
Malothen, were both witnesses to local char- 
ters. John of Kyndrooht was another early 
proprieter in Strichen, and also a vassal of 
the Cumins. He flourished about 1250, and 
appears to have assumed his surname, as was 
common in these times, from the lands of 
Kindrought, which were then held by him. 

Before the Erasers succeeded to Strichen, it 
belonged to a family named Chalmers, the first 
recorded of whom, Thomas, was succeeded by 
his sou John, in 1504 (C^oll. Abd. Bff., iii. 584). 



142 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS i 



The latter had a son and heir, named Andrew, 
who, in his father's lifetime (1528), married 
Christian Frissr, daughter of William, sixth 
laird of Philorth. Alex. Chalmers " nepo"?," 
grandson or nephew, and heir-apparent, 1554, 
of Andrew Cludmers of Strichen, married 
Elizabeth Johnston, and while Andrew Chal- 
mers and his wife were j'et living. It was in 
1558 that Aloxiinder Chalmers, " feodationus 
terrarnm de Strathechin," sold that estate to 
Lis cousin, Thomas Fraser, third son of Alex- 
aniler, seventh LiirJ of Philorth (Ibid, iv. 
584-5). The cousinhood arose through the 
mnrriage of his aunt Christian, above noticed. 

The above Tliomas Fraser, on his own re- 
signation of the lands in 1573, had a crown 
charter of the same in favour of himself and 
his wife, Isobel Foi-bes, and to their survivors 
(Ibid, 587), a fact which goes to disprove 
the story of the succession of the Frasers to 
Strichen, as told in Anderson's Account of the 
Frasers of Lovat (4to, 1825), and shows that 
the purchase of Strichen was a straightforward 
and hoiia Jide transaction. 

There appears to have been a quarrel be- 
tween Thomas Fraser of Strichen, and Gordon 
of Gight, but it must have had some other 
origin than that stated by Anderson (p. 175). 
It is also clear that Fraser was killed by Gor- 
don at the Bridge of Old Deer, and that 
Thomas Fraser of Knookie, second son of 
Lord Lovat, who became the second husbaml 
of Isobel Forbes, proceeded against Gight for 
the murder, and may have got some redress 
against him. 

Isobel Forbes had two daughters by her 
first husband, Katherine and Violet, and with 
consent of their guardian, Alexander, eighth 
laird of Philorth, their stepfather bought up 
their interests in Strichen, and thus founded 
a second family of Fraser, having a son by 
Isobel Forbes. He succeeded on the death of 
hi.s father in 1612, and married a daughter of 



Forbes of Tolquhon. It was he who built 
the first church, and also the hurial aisle at 
Strichen. 

It is further recorded of this laird that, in 
1G20, when a marriage was arranged between 
his son and heir and a daughter of Forbes 
of Pitsligo, he hound himself " to big, or 
causa to be biggit," a residence for the young 
couple " upon the mains of Kindrooht, qf the 
same sal be found maist commodious, ano 
sufficient house of stean and lyme, wt hall 
and Chalmers for their present easement, to 
be theikit for the present w* dovettis, hot 
sail be oblijit to cause slait the same within 
three zearis." 

Thomas Fraser, who was prohably born in 
the_ " sufficient house of stean and lyme," 
married Marion Irvine, daughter of the laird 
of Fedderat, and is the first named in the roll 
of elders for the parish in 1662 (.■>•. Appen'DIx). 

A roofless hunting lodge stands upon the 
summit of the west flank of Mormond Hill, 
and in the front wall is an inscription upon a 
stone panel, which bears the following quaint 
allusion to the friendship and hospitality 
that visitors might expect to receive : — 

7.V THIS HUNTER'S LODGE 

ROB GIBB COMMANDS. 

Sr.D.CC.LXXIX. 

— The Lodge was erected by Lord Strichen's 
son four years after he succeeded to Strichen ; 
and the sentiment has reference to an old 
Scotch saying that, wherever Roh Gibb ruled 
or commanded, lie did so from the purest of 
motives, and not from any selfish purpose. 

Eob is said to have been pkasaiif or Court 
jester to James V., an office to which no salary 
was attacheii, and it is related that the King 
having on one occasion asked Eob what ho 
served him for, received as answer, " I serve 
your Majesty only for stark love and kind- 
ness !" The name of R'jb Gibb is well-known 
in Scotland as a loyal toast, expressive of good 



STRIGHEN. 



143 



and truehearted followship, a quality which 
seldom goes altogether unremunerated in any 
age or country ; and if we are to credit a WTiter 
in the Old Stat. Account (xiv. 574), Eoh Gibb 
was not allowed to go unrewarded either, he 
having received a gift of the lands of Carri- 
ber in Linlithgowshire from the King, in 
recognition of his services. 

The well-known figure of " The White 
Horse of !Mormond," upon the south-west side 
of the hill, which has been formed by cutting 
the turf or heather, and filling up the space 
with white quartz, is locally called " The 
effi^^ies of Captain Fraser's War Horse." It 
was possibly constructed by order of Lord 
Strichen's grandson, who, as before seen, was 
an officer in the First Dragoons. 

It is told that, the Captain's horse having 
heen shot under him in the battlefield, Ser- 
geant Hutcheon. the son of a crofter at Erown- 
hill of New Deer, at once gave him his 
charger ; but, unfortunately, the Sergeant was 
killed at the moment he dismounted — just as 
he had said, " Never mind me. Captain, I will 
soon find an empty saddle !" Hutcheon's 
death was much regretted by Captain Fraser, 
who, with that magnanimity which has al- 
ways been a leading characteristic of old 
Scottish families and " true British soldiers," 
not only had the memory of " his friend" re- 
corded upon a brass plate, fixed to a pillar 
in the church of Strichon, hut also had his 
body buried apart from the rest of the dead, 
and a monument placed over his grave with a 
similar inscription to that upon the brass : — 

geath ox 6IiJvij. 

SACEED to the memory of JAMES Hc'TCnEOS, 
late Sergeant, King's Dragoon Guards, a Jiative 
of New Deer Parish, ifho fell gallantly fighting 
near GlLZE.V, 26 of August 1794, under the Com- 
mand of C.iPTAis Fraser o/ Stricken. 
Cart storied Urn or animated Bust, 

Back to its rnxxiision call the fleeting breath ! 
Can Honour's voice provoke the silent Dust ! 
Or flattery sooth the dull, cold ear of Death ! 



— After the property of Strichen passed from 
the late Lord Lovat the church underwent 
considerable repair, and the brass being 
thrown aside, was taken possession of by a 
relative. It is now in the hands of a grand 
nephew of the gallant Sergeant's. 

The idea of the horse on ]\Iormond had 
doubtless been suggested by the White Horse 
in Berks, which is an object of great antiquity. 
It is mentiomd as " Mons Albi Equi" in a 
deed of a.d. 958 (Chron. Abingdon, 1100-35); 
but, unlike the horse in Berks, which is re- 
presented as galloping, that upon the hill of 
Mormond stands erect, and is altogether desti- 
tute of animation. The latter covers nearly 
half an acre of ground. It measures about 
126 feet in height, from the hoofs to the ears ; 
the body is about 106 feet in length ; the dis- 
tance from the foreshoulder to the tip of the 
uose is about 36 feet ; the head is about 35 
feet in length ; the trunk of the body about 
41 feet in depth ; and its extreuie length, 
from the tip of th? nose to the outer point of 
the tail, is about 102 feet. 

A Stag with antler.i, constructed in the same 
manner as the White Horse, by order of Mr. 
W. F. Cordiner of Cortes, in 1870, is upon 
the south side of the .same mountain. It 
occupies a space of nearly an imperial acre, 
and measures from the extremity of the antlers 
to the hoofs, 240 feet. A cairu, also composed 
of quartz, is in the immediate vicinity, in the 
hottom of which is placed, in a sealed bottle, 
a parchment bearing the names of about 170 
of the inhabitants of the district, who volun- 
teered their assistance in the work, also the 
following inscription : — • 

This Cairn was erected in November 5, 1870, 
to perpetuate in the memory of tlie latest pos- 
terity the laying down of the Cortes Stag on the 
hill of Mormond, completed this day by William 
Fkaser Cordiner of Cortes, and it is by him 
and others concerned requested that if by acci- 
dent, or the ruthless hand of mischief, this 
monument should be impaired or demolished, 



144 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



that they will please remember the Christian 
maxim " to do as thev would be done by, and 
replace the memoranda for future generations. 

Morniond Hill is said to be a signal for 
mariners when off a dangerous part of the 
coast of Biiclian, as thus recorded in local 

rhyme : — 

Keep Mormond Hill a hand-spike high, 
An' the Briggs o' Rattray ye'll pass by. 

The name of Mormond Hill, and that of 
another place also occurs in the following 
doggrel, attributed to Thomas the Rhymer :— 

When Mornioud hill is clad in red, 
Een Callie Burn will run wi' bleed ; 
An' gin the saut rise 'been the meal — 
Believe the mair in Tamas' tale. 
The Village of Mormond, which is laid out 
in squares, and stands npon a plain at the 
south-west end of the Hill, was began by Lord 
Striclien, in 176-t, for the purpose of promot- 
ing " the Arts and Manufactures of this coun- 
try, and for the acsommodation of Tradesmen 
of all Denominations, Manufacturer;?, and 
other industrious people to settle within the 
same." The feus, which are perpetual, carry 
the right of casting peats and of having 
" divots" to cover the first erected houses 
upon the different lots. The door lintels of 
two houses— possibly the oldest in the village 
— are respectively inscribed : — 
" A. A : J. S. 1765," and " 17 : A. M : B.L : 66." 
Very few of the old buildings now remain. 
Many of the present century are of one storey, 
and either thatched or covered with tiles ; the 
more modern are of two or more storeys in 
height, and slated. A town hall was built in 
1816 ; and there are some good shops, a Free 
and an Episcopal Church (All Saints), branch 
banks, and inns ; also a railway station, near 
which cattle markets are held monthly. 

The banks of the Ugie are nicely wooded 
near the village, and the river is there cro.ssed 
by four stone bridges. One at Howford, is 
dated 1777 ; and in 1719 collections were 



made tliroughout the neighbouring parishes 
" for assisting the upsetting of a bridge at the 
Milne of Kindrught/' about three miles below 
the village. 

A Roman Catholic chapel, a priest's house, 
and croft, are situated to the west of the 
Ugie, near Mormond Village. These were 
reserved to the Church of Rome by Lord 
Lovat, when he sold the property of Strichen. 
Tlie village of Nmo Li'.eds, which stands 
about three miles south-east from ]\Iormond, 
was founded and named by Captain Eraser's 
father, who built the Hunter's Lodge ; and, in 
the hope— for in those days lint was much 
cultivated in the district— of its becoming a 
rival to the famous town of Leeds, in York- 
shire ! He also proposed to have statutory 
fairs held there ; and inaugurated the fir»t of 
these by offering a premium to the " drunkest 
man that should appear in the market!" 
Strange to say, the prize was competed for. 
It consisted of an eight-day clock, and fell to 
the lot of one who followed the joint occu- 
pations of weaver and barber ! 

It is to be regretted that Mr. Eraser's hopes 
as to the prosperity of New Leeds should liave 
been so entirely blighted. Instead of becom- 
ing a hive of industry, it proved a nursery 
of idleness and vice, but since the erection of 
a U.P. Church about twenty years ago, and 
the demolition of many of the hovels which 
were used as dwelling-houses, the place and 
the people are both much improved. J. 



.\^v^^\^^v\^^^^^■ 



^w^vl^^v\^v^^\^^^^^^^^^^^^^v^^^^^ 



6 u 1 1) r t e» 

(THE BLESSED VIRGIN.) 

THE church of Guihcnn was granted to 
the Abbey of Arbroath by William the 
Lion, in 1178 ; and in confirming the King's 



GUTHRIE. 



145 



gift in 1198-1218, Eanulph, Bishoij of Brechin, 
with the counsel and consent of Mallebryde, 
prior, and the whole chapter of the Culdees of 
that place, as a mark of his affection for the 
monks of Arbroath, provided that, at what- 
ever time he might visit officially their 
churches of Gutheryn, Paubryd, Moniekyn 
(Monikie), Marington (Maryton), or Dun- 
echtyn (Dunnichen), in his diocese, these 
churches should not be called upon to defray 
the cost of his entertainment, which was to 
take place only at the Abbey, where, he adds, 
it could be done more honourably and decently 
(Reg. Vet. de Aberb., 128). 

The name of the church of Guthrie is writ- 
ten Gatherin in one Taxation, and Gucliery in 
another (Ibid., Theiner). The kirk was a pre- 
bend of the Cathedral of Brechin, and is rated 
by one authority at 8 merles, and by another at 
10s. It is described in 1372 as " antiquitus 
fundata," which probably shows that it had 
been originally a Culdee settlement, like its 
mother church of Brechin. 

The names, which are both territorial, of two 
of the old prebendaries have been preserved, 
viz., Thomas de Luchris, who flourished in 
1472, and William Hawick, who held office 
in 1234 (Eeg. Ep. Brechin, 20, 60). Twenty 
years after the latter date (1454) Pope 
Nicolas V. granted a presentation, in the event 
of their being resigned by William Forbes on 
his attaining the deanery of Brechin, to a 
canonry in the church of Brechin, and to the 
prebend of Guthrie, in favour of Hugh of 
Douglas, whom he describes as "of noble 
race by both parents" (Ibid., ii. 403). 

It was on 25th March, 1465, that Sir 
David Guthrie acquired a charter under the 
Great Seal of the lauds and barony of Guthrie ; 
and, on obtaining the kirk he made it a Col- 
legiate charge, with a provost and three 
canons. His son. Sir Alexander, afterwards 
increased the canons to the number of live. 



The Collegiate Church, which was about 
76^ feet long, 21-J feet wide, and 11| feet 
high, had a painted roof, which Gen. Hutton 
(Correspondence, MS.) supposed to have been 
of the same period as the pictures at Fowlis- 
Easter. " In a line at the top are the royal 
arms, those of the Earls of Crawford, and the 
Guthrie family, as altered by Sir David, tlie 
Lord Treasurer of Scotland," — probably (as 
given in Fonts' MS., 1590), " 1 & 4 argent, a 
cross sable; 2 & 3 azure, 3 wheat sheaves, or." 

Although the church of Guthrie is described 
in 1793 as an "elegant building," and one 
that " may stand for a thousand years to 
come," no part now remains except the south 
transept, or the family burial aisle, which is 
ivy-clad, and about 26 by 18 feet in size. It 
contains no monuments, but within it is a 
fresco painting of the Last Judgment, which, 
however, will not bear comparison with the pic- 
tures at Fowlis-Easter, for although the draw- 
ing of the former is superior to that of the 
latter, the colour is gone. 

The family arms (as now borne by Guthrie 
of that Ilk) are over the gateway to the church- 
yard, initialed and dated, "— G : B. G. 1639." 
There are also two slabs at the north door of 
the aisle respectively inscribed, " 1629," " G. 
1747 ;" and a circular font stone, about 2 feet 
in diameter by 18 inches in depth, lies be- 
side the aisle, also two octagonal lavatories. 

In the west dyke of the kirkyard are two 
fragments, one of which bears the figure of a 
lion, and the other the initials, j\I. H. G. Both 
are of much the same age, and probably belong 
to the time of Mr. Hen'ry Guthrie, who was 
chaplain first to the Earl of !Mar, and some- 
time minister of Guthrie, next of Stirling, and 
afterwards of Kilspindie. He was appointed 
Bishop of Dunkeld in 1664, and took a lead- 
,ing part in the events of his time, upon which 
his Memoirs of Scotland (1637-49), throw 
considerable light. He died in 1676, aged 



146 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



about 76. His father was minister of Cupar- 
Angus, and a cadet of the Guthries of that 
Ilk. 

Mr. John Hay was provost of the collegiate 
church of Guthrie in 1526 (Acta Pari., ii. 
315) ; and Gabriel, third son of the laird of 
Guthrie and his wife, Isobel 'Wood, held the 
ofl&ce at a subsequent date. 

In 1567-74, the kirk of Guthrie and three 
others were under the charge of Mr. James 
Balfour as minister, who had the kirk lands 
and a .stipend of £133 6s. 8d. Scots. "When 
the rentals of the Scotch benefices were taken 
up in Jan., 1573-4, Mr. James Strachan is 
called " person and provost" of Guthrie, and 
David Arrot, who was reader there, had " the 
haill vicarage and kirklands." 

Mr. Henry Guthrie, before referred to, was 
probably the most remarkable of the old 
ministers of the parish ; and the following in- 
scription, from a marble tablet, relates to his 
tenth successor in the church of Guthrie : — 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev"". James 
Will, who was for 14 yeai-s minister of the 
parish of Euthven, and 19 years minister of this 
parish of Guthrie. He died May 3rd, 1818, 
aged 58 years. This tablet is erected by his af- 
fectionate Brother and Sister. 

— Mr. Will had but a small stipend when at 
Euthven, and the late ]\Ir. Barty observes that 
upon a pane of glass in the parlour window of 
the manse was written, " Aut cole, aut parce, 
aut abi," a mse motto, he remarks, which his 
" ingenious predecessor" put into practice — 
" he farmed well, lived frugally, but never- 
theless took his departure, and died minister 
of Guthrie." Mr. Will had a taste for an- 
tiquities, and did something towards the ar- 
ranging of the Family Papers at Guthrie. He 
was the son of a merchant in Dundee, by a 
daughter of Wise of Lunan (Epitaphs, i. 361). 
Mrs. Will had a family of four sons and 
two daughters. Peter, who predeceased his 
brother, the minister ; John of Lucea, in the 



island of Jamaica ; Andrew, lieutenant in the 
92nd Eegiment ; Isabella, wife of Dr. David 
Ogilvy of Eosehill, near Brechin ; and Chris- 
tina, who died unmarried. John Will of 
Lucea had a son and a daughter. The latter 
became the wife of Mr. William Shiress, so- 
licitor in Brechin ; and the former was the 
father of Mr. John Shiress Will, of the Middle 
Temple, London. 

jSIi-. Will was succeeded by Mr., afterwards 
Dr. John Bruce, F.C., Edinburgh, in whose 
time the old kirk was demolished, and the pre- 
sent structure erected. Besides the tablet to 
Mr. Will, quotations from the New Testament 
are painted upon the west wall, but none sav- 
our of any regret at the destruction of the 
"elegant building" of 1793. One reference 
(Eev. 1-7), contains an allusion, possibly unin- 
tentional, to the subject of the picture in the 
old aisle. 

An addition was made to the churchyard 
by the late laird of Guthrie, who formed a 
new family burial place on the south-east side. 
It was completed not long before his own 
death, which took place on 7th Dec, 1877, at 
the age of 72, when he was therein buried. 

In the north-west corner of the kirkyard, 
enclosed by a railing, is the following record 
of the Eev. Mr. Bruce's immediate successor, 
who belonged to about Cupar- Angus : — 

Sacred to the memory of the Kev'' James 
Whitson, minister of Guthrie, who died 1st 
January, 1840, in the 47th year of his age, and 
9th of his ministry. Also to that of his two 
sons, John and David, who predeceased their 
father, having died in infancy. 
Upon a headstone on west side of church : — 

1824. Erected to the memory of .James 
])iCKSOJ{, late farmer of Pickerton of Turin, who 
died the 11th of January, 1822, aged 81 years. 
By his .sorrowing children. Also of Janet 
BoTLE, their mother, who died 12th Dec, 1827, 
aged 87 years. 

The oldest slab in the burial ground is pos- 
sibly a fragment upon which are these traces 



GUTHRIE. 



U7 



of an mscrijjtion — heir . lyes . avb . 

. . . . 1663 . AND 

Another slab, wliicli is said to have been 
within the olil kii'k, lies before the west door 
of the aisle. It exhibits mortuary emblems, 
the remains of an inscription in incised cha- 
racters, also a shield, flanked with the initials, 
D. . . : I. G., and the date of 1670. 
Round the sides are these words in raised 
capitals : — 

DIED 

IN . THE . FEAR . OF . THE . LOKD 

THE . FIRST . OF . DECEMBER 

OF 

The next two inscriptions are carved upon 
the east and west sides of the half oi a head- 
stone (perpendicularly divided), the other 
half, as stated below, being at Euthven : — 

To the memory of Jean Brown, who died un 
the XIV of Sept. MDCCCI aged LXX. The 
other half of this stone stands iu the churchyard 
of Buthven to the memory of William Kandow 
her husband, who was schoolmaster of the parish 
of Euthven, for XXXVI yeai-s. He died the 
XIV of Dec. MDCCXCVIII. 

Erected by their only siu-viving child, James 
Kandow, schoolmaster of Guthrie. 
On west side of kirkyard : — 

This stone was erected by lames Scot, in 
memorie of his father A.llexander Scot, some 
time in Mains of BaUmadies, who depairted this 
life the 28 of Aprile anno 1719, of age 75 years, 
and Elizabeth Smith his spouse who depairted 
this life the 2 . . Maii, anno 1711, of age .... 

Heaueu keeps the soul, 

Bot heir the body lyes : 

They liud on earth both just 

Kind, vertuos, and wise. 

From a headstone near the Guthrie vault : — 

This stone was erected by John Guthrie, 
Esquire of Guthrie, in memory of Elizabeth 
MoRisoN, an old and faithful servant who nursed 
him in his infancy, and constantly resided for 
fortv-uine vears iu the House of Guthi'ie, where 
she died XXI Novr., MDCCCXII. 

The east side of a tombstone, near the south- 
east corner of the kirk, is embellished with a 
tailor's goose, bodkin, and scissors, and upon 
the west side are a square, a sheaf of corn, and 



a stick with a measuring line attached. It is 
inscribed upon both sides : — 

Erected by David Spence, elder, sometime iu 
Heugh-head of Guthrie, who died Novr. 27th, 
1719, of age 81 years ; and Margaret Miller, 
his spouse, who died Feby. 1, 1674, of age 30 
years ; and Margaret Ccthill, his second 
spouse ; David Spence, Jean Miln, and their 
children. 

[2.] 
1774 : This stone was repaired by Eobert 
Spence, iu Muirside of Kiunel, ground officer to 
South Esk, and Helen, his sister, in memory of 
theer forefathei-s ; and of his first spouse, Jean 
Blacklaw ; EoBT. Spence, and their children ; 
Jean Donaldson, his second spouse : — 
Beside this stone lyes many Spences, 
AVho in their life did no offences ; 
And where they liv'd, if that ye spier. 
In Guthrie's ground 4 hunder year. 

Eliza. Findlay, wf. Pat. Milne, d. 1757, a. 71 : — 
Here Elizabeth lyes clade, with a mournfull 

shade. 
Hath left her friends and louing husband sad, 
And now is gone above the stare to sing 
EternaU praise to her immortall king 
Till soul and bodie be unite again. 
For ever free from tr-ouble, toil, and pain. 

IsoBEL Lourance's daughter, d. (c. 1738) : — 
Below this stone a lovely maid doth ly. 
Whom God did take in her virginity ; 
She was N-irtwous, godly, and sincere, 
A pleasure to her mother here, 
And now is gone above the stars to sing 
Etemall praise to her immortall king. 
Our duty is like her to run our race, 
With constant patience and each other gi'ace. 
But what are children but a loan. 
When God calls back are we to groan ! 
She gone to heaven and got the start. 
Long to be there you'l no more pari;. 

DuRWARD (1750) : — 

[First four lines same as those above.] 
But now she serves her God she did adore 
In praising her Eedeemer ever more ; 
Its better than an earthly prince's wife. 
Her hire is now a lasting cro-rni of life. 

David Jaron, d. 1773, a. 25 : — 

I in the bloom of hopeful youth, 

Eesign my mortal trust ; 
And at the age of twenty -five 

Did haistely (b'op to dust. 



U8 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



Robert Irvine, d. 1776 : — 

Poor mortal mau declining like a shade, 
Full soon shaU in the gloomy grave be laid. 
But faith looks forward to that glorious day 
When vauquish'd death must yeild its captive 
prey. 

John LanglandSjOU wife and family (1778) : — 
Here rests the boues of wife and son. 
Whose ghosts are to the heavens gone. 
This Matron with her childi-en two, 
Suggests cold death to follow, so 
Then let ws not despyse her shryne, 
Seing she liv'd by faith Divyne. 
Since young and old a all that ever had breath. 
Must yield then- spirits to fatall death. 
Some in their minor age, some in their pryme. 
Some in old age when full of tyme. 
Should teaeli us all to watch and pray, [day. 
That death overtake us not on ane wnexpected 

A headstone, at the south-west end of the 
Guthrie aisle, was erected by William !Nicoll 
at Baldardie, in memory of his grandparents, 
William Nicoll, schoolmaster of Guthrie, 
and his wife Isobel Howe. The former died 
in 1786, aged 78, and the latter in 1754, aged 
46. His father, Thomas jSTicoll, died in 
1828, aged 82 ; and 

William Nicoll, who erected this stone, was 
kiU'd by a flash of lightning, at the age of 47, on 
the farm of Baldardie, the 30th of July, 1830, 
and is here interred. 

I^ear the churchyard gate : — 

Erected by Elizabeth Eough, in memory of 
George Thom, her husband, brewer in Kirktown 
of Guthrie, who died Deer., 1814, aged fifty 
yeara. 

From an adjoining stone : — 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev"* William 
NlcoLL, minister at Kertle Bridge, Dumfries- 
shire. He died at Cotton of Gardyne, 14th 
December, 1851, in the 44th year of his age. 

— Mr. Niool's name, which has been over- 
looked by Dr. Hew Scott, appears in the 
Edinburgh Almanac for 1851, as minister of 
Kirtle. 

On south side of kii-kyard is this inscription : — 
Erected in memory of William Veitch, who 
was killed accidentally, when in the discharge of 
his duty, at Guthiie Stations. N. E. By., on the 
morning of the 6th March, 18.)7. By a number 



of his acquaintances and well-wishers, in the 
neighbourhood of Guthrie, and in connection 
with the S. N. E. Ry. Hark, he comes. 

Alexander Herald, who was " long in- 
nured to bodily suffering," and found comfort 
in the composition of verses, wrote a volume 
of poems, entitled, " Amusements of Solitude" 
(Arbroath, 1845), which he dedicated to the 
late Mr. Guthrie, from whom he received 
much kindness. Herald, who was a tailor by 
trade, and sometime postmaster at Guthrie, 
died in 1863, in the 63rd year of his age. He 
was buried at Guthrie, but no stone marks 
the spot. 



Stone coffins and urns, all of the ordinary 
typ,e, have been found in different parts of the 
parish. A sculptured stone, of the same sort 
as those at Aberlemno, which stands by the 
side of the Arbroath and Forfar turnpike 
road, near the Guthrie Eailway Station, is en- 
graved in Chalmers' Sculptured Stones of 
Angus (pi. 12). 

The early proprietary history of the parish, 
and notices of the family of Guthrie, having 
been given in the Land of the Lindsays 
(295-8), these points — with the exception of 
additional notes regarding the latter, which 
are gleaned from the Family Genealogy (MS.), 
prepared by Mr. Constable, of Wallace Craigie 
(Sir W. Scott's Monkbarns), and kindly lent 
by the late Mr. Guthrie — will not be touched 
upon here. 

There is no doubt but the surname is of 
territorial origin ; and, although there is no 
proof that '• Squire Guthrie" of Wallace's time 
was laird of Guthrie, it is certain that there 
was an Adam Guthrie who held a good position 
in Angus in 1348 (Rcij. de Panmure, ii. 170). 
It is also certain that WiUiam Guthrie ob- 
tained the lands of Inverlunan in 1418, and 
that Alexander Guthrie, who bought KLncal- 
dnim from Sir John Wemyss of Rires, in 



GUTHRIE. 



U9 



1446, had two sons, David and James, prob- 
ably a third, William, who was " alderman 
of Forfar" in 1464 (Keg. Nig. de Aberb.) 
The eldest of these, afterwards Sir David, ac- 
quired the lands of Guthrie in 1465, during 
the time he was Lord Treasurer; and in 1468 
he had a special licence to erect and fortify 
a tower there. The tower and iron yett, 
or gate, are stUl preserved, and the former, 
by a judicious arrangement, which consisted 
partly in reducing the thickness of the walls 
from about 8 to 3 feet, was adapted by the 
late laird to the requirements of modern 
times (v. Appendix). 

Besides the estate of Guthrie, Sir David 
acquired a good deal of property in other parts 
of the country, among which were Pitcairn in 
Perthshire, Lour, Muirtop, Carrat, Wester 
Meathie, and Balnabriech, in Angus. Of the 
last-named, which lies near Brechin, Sir 
David, on 4th Feb., 1472, granted a charter 
to Malcolm of Gutlirie, his " sone naturall, for 
payment to the King and his successors 
of Tuentie eight merks yearly at tuo termes, 
and to the disponer and his aires, a silver 
penny yearly'Y-^o^es of Scotch Charters, MS., 
at PanmureJ. 

Sir David was Justiciary of Scotland in 
1473, with a fee of XI 00 Scots (Treasurer'.s 
Accts., i. 68). He died in 1474, and had two 
legitimate children, a son and a daughter. The 
latter became the wife of Sir Thomas Maule 
of Panmure, and the former, Sir Alexander, 
who bought the lands of Ballindean, 1468-9, 
married a daughter of Lord Glamis, by whom 
he had one daughter and four sons. The 
yoimgest son of this marriage was ancestor 
of John Guthrie of Hilton, from whom the 
Bishop of Moray was descended. 

Sir Alexander and his eldest son both fell 
at Flodden, when the succession devolved on 
Sir Alexander's grandson, Andrew, whose son, 
Alesaxdeii, mariied Isobel, daughter of 



Wood of Bonnington. He had four sons, Alex- 
ander, his heir ; William, ancestor of the Gagie 
branch ; Gabriel, provost of the Collegiate 
Church of Guthrie ; and John, the reputed 
ancestor of Bishop Guthrie of Dunkeld. 

The estate of Guthrie continued iu the 
male line of the last-named Sir Alexander, 
until the time of Peter Guthrie, who sold it 
to his kinsman, the Bishop of Moray, who 
had infeftment of the same, 29th Dec. 1636. 

Bishop Guthrie was the son of Patrick 
Guthrie, residenter, in St. Andrews, and his 
wife Margaret Eait, who died respectively in 
1614 and 1637. He Avas educated in his 
native city, and employed for a short time as 
reader at Arbroath. He next became minister 
of Kiunell, and afterwards of Arbirlot, which 
he left in 1610 for Perth. He became one 
of the ministers of Edinburgh in 1620, 
was consecrated Bishop of Moray in 1623, 
deprived of office in 1638, and on being ex- 
pelled from his Episcopal Castle of Spynie, 
in 1640, he retired to his own property, where 
he spent the remainder of his days. His 
brother, James, who was minister of Arbirlot, 
and ancestor of the present families of Craigie 
and Taybank, near Dundee, kept an interest- 
ing Diary (still in MS. J, from which we have 
been kindly permitted to publish the follow- 
ing extracts regarding the death of the Bishop, 
his wife, and son. Of these events. Mi. 
Guthrie gives those quaint entries : — 

" 8 June 1643. My nephew Mr Jhone Guthrie, 
laitt parson of Duffus depairted this life in the place 
of Guthrie, and is buryed in the Isle of the Kirk of 
Guthrie, ultimo Junii. I closed his eyes. Beat! qui 
in Domino moriuntur." 

" 2 July 1615, in y^ evening being wedinsday my 
brother his wyff, Nicolas Wood, dyed in Guthrie, and 
was buryed 4 July, in y" lie of y' Kirk of Guthrie. 
Pretious in y"' sight of y" Lord is the death of his 
saints." 

" My brother Mr. Jhonne Guthrie late Bischop of 
Murray, dyed in Guthrie on tysday 2S. Agust at 10 
hours 1649. He was buryed besyd his wyff. I closed 
his eyes." 



150 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



It was while Mr. John Guthrie was minis- 
ter of Keith, from which he was translated to 
Duffus in 1625, that he married Anna, eldest 
sister of Sir Eobert Innes of that Ilk, baronet, 
and the subjoined letter and note refer to 
certain articles which he had commissioned 
from Edinburgh at the time of his marriage. 
The writer was evidently a person in business, 
and probably the "Patrick Woode, merchant," 
whose marriage with " Isobell Speir" is re- 
corded in the City Kegisters of Edinburgh 
under " Wed., 1 'Sow 16:! 6." He appears to 
have been one of the Woods of Bonnington, 
near Montrose, Alexander, laird of Guthrie, 
who was alive in 158-3, having (as before seen) 
married a daughter of that house. The very 
graphic letter and interesting note (here 
printed from copies by the Eev. Mr. Will, 
at Guthrie Castle, the whereabouts of the 
originals not now being known,) are as 
follows : — 

Worshipful & right Loving Cousin, 

My hearty & dutiful affection to yourself & 
your worthily best beloved. Your letter I have re- 
cieved & for answer do blame my neglect in not ac- 
quainting you particularly of my resolution ; but I 
thought my writing to my Lord your Father, should 
have made known to you my intentions. 

But if, in revenge, you have followed that course 
begun by me in leaping the dyke, as they call it, I 
will not only not be offended, but do rejoice at your 
happy & good fortune, -wishing that I might con- 
veniently be present thereat to testify the same in 
action. But lest I be tedious you shall hear that I 
have delivered to the bearer all those things you 
\vrote for so carefully as I could. In respect I had 
little or nothing of the same of my own I sought thro' 
the town for the bed. I hope everything shall be to 
your contentment, & if otherwise I shall be sorry. 
I however think I have done what I could, & in no 
common the best. As for your great book I would 
have sent it all overgilt as you desired, but that they 
ai'e so used by bm-gesses, & not by Gentlemen of 
quality. If you think j'oxir gloves too fine, remember 
I am but newly married myself, k think nothing too 
good for her I best love, & you know we are kinsmen. 

So desireous by the next to hear of yourself & your 
worthy future spouse, to whom remember me aflfec- 
tionately, & Margaret Guthrie, &c. 

Your affectionate Cousin, to command, 

Patrick Wood. 

Edimr., 13 Dea:, 1626. 



Note. — The gi'eat Book mentioned above wa.s a quarto 
Bible, without gilding, which cost . 16/8 

The psalm book in 16o was overgilt as 
said, & cost ..... 1/8 

Of the gloves & their price there was 
room to say something. One of the 
pairs, for the Bride surely, said to be 
very richly embroidered, cost no less 
than 50/0 

Another pair less nit, but also embroid- 
ered, at 15/0 

Another pair seamed & wrought, new 
fashioned, at .... , 8/4 

Two pair perfumed, of the best sort, at . 5/0 
all sterling. 

Besides the "laitt parson of Duffis," the 
Bishop is said to have had another son, named 
Andrew, who was executed by the Covenan- 
ters, also a daughter and heiress, Bathia. She 
married Francis Guthrie of Gagie, ith May, 
1647, who appears to have died before 5th 
May, 1665, on which date his son, John, was 
served his heir. The latter married, in 1680, 
a daughter of Sir John Carngie of Balnamoon, 
by a daughter of Lord Airlie's, and from them 
the present laird is directly descended. He is, 
through the marriage of the laird of Gagie with 
the Bishop's daughter, also representative of 
the old family of that Ilk, and of the Hilton 
branch, or that from which the Bishop of 
Moray was sprung. 

Among the family relics at Guthrie Castle 
are a Bible, which belonged to Bishop Guthrie, 
and a curious old bell. The book bears the 
Bishop's name, but nothing is known either 
of the history of the bell or of the person who 
caused it to be made, beyond what is conveyed 
in the following brief inscription upon a 
silver plate fixed to the instrument : — 
jijcjj :.ui} jui u(t 

lUtX])^ SJUUlUlUlf" 

The bell, of which there are an engraving 
and a notice in the Proceedings of the Society 
of Antiquaries of Scotland (vol. i.) is 8J inches 
high including the handle, and 5\ by 4^- 
inches at the mouth. It had been originally a 
piece of rough iron, of a square shape, some- 
what like the famous bell at Bmiie, in ]\Ioray- 



CARBUDDO. 



151 



shire, but little more than half its height. 
Bells are well known to have been among the 
most hallowed objects connected with the 
Church in mediasval times ; and from the care 
which has been bestowed upon the preserva- 
tion of the Guthrie Bell, it must have been a 
greatly valued relic. After being much worn 
and partially broken, it appears to have been 
encased in a sort of shrine, composed of brouze 
richly gilded, and decorated with silver work, 
and niello. Upon it are the figures of Our 
Saviour, the Three Persons in the Trinity, and 
four Bishops all peculiarly dressed. Nothing 
is known as to how it came to Guthrie, where 
it has been from time immemorial. Whether 
it had belonged to the old Collegiate Church, 
or been brought from Spynie when the Bishop 
removed to Guthrie, is uncertain. 

Besides the old iron yett of the castle of Sir 
David's time, there is also a more modern gate 
at Guthrie, dated 1601. One shield, carved 
in .stone, dated 1611, is charged with (1) eight 
vau'-looking objects, with a crescent in the 
dexter point; and another, dated 1616, bears 
the Gutlu'ie and Edmonston arms, surmoun- 
ted respectively by the initials, V.G. : I.E. 
The presence of these shields at Guthrie is 
not explainable by any known record, and the 
garb or wheatsheaf, in the 2nd and 3rd quarter 
of the family shield, shews a connection with 
the Cumins which has not yet been accounted 
for in any heraldic work. 

This matter is not adverted to in the Family 
Genealogy of the Guthries : but it is a note- 
worthy fact that the personal appearance of 
the late laird bore a marked resemblance to 
some of the living descendants of the ancient 
family of Cumin. It is quite probable (al- 
though proof is awanting) that a maternal 
ancestor of Sir David's was one of that race. 
His own mother's name, however, was Marjory 
Guthrie. 

[Ins. conipd. by Mr. Rnbertson, schoolmr.] 



Citrbutitio or liirktmtito^ 

(? S. BUITE OR BOETHIUS.) 

TTpTHE church of Crehyauch, which was a 
•^ rectory in the diocese of Brechin, is 
mentioned in the Taxation of 1275, but with- 
out its value being given. 

James Dekyson, " rector de Kyrkbutho," 
who witnesses a grant out of the lands of 
Drumcairn, by David, Earl of Crawford, in 
1472, is the only early churchman of this 
place of whom we have discovered any trace 
(Misc. Aldharensis, MS., 83). The churches 
of Kirkbuddo, Inverarity, Finhaven, and 
Aberlemno, were all served by one minister, 
Mr. David Lindsay, of Pitairlie, in 1574. 
He had a .stipend of X133 6s. 8d. Scots, 
and George Hawik, then reader at Kirkbuddo, 
had the kirk lands and a money salary of 
.£6 13s. Id. Scots. 

Carbuddo, although inconveniently situated, 
has been long attached to the parish of Guth- 
rie. It is fuUy seven miles to tiie south-west 
of Guthrie church, and within two of Inver- 
arity. Ochterlony {r. 1682) says that the 
people " had a chappie of their own, wherein 
the minister of Guthrie preached every third 
or fourth Sabbath day, but is now ruinous." 
A somewhat similar arrangement for religious 
services, which are now conducted within the 
.schoolhouse, obtains at the present time. 

The kirk and burial-place occupied a knoll, 
which had been at one time surrounded by a 
marsh, and a spreading beech stands upon or 
near the site of the old kirk. The Chapel 
Well is on the south side of the enclosure, and 
the ruins of the old manse are in a field to the 
north. 

The only objects of antiquity in the burial- 
place are the remams of a baptismal font and 
a mutilated coffin-slab. Both are of red sand- 



152 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



stone, and the latter, about 3 by 2 feet in 
size, appears to have borne in bas-relief a 
wheel-cross, with shaft. 

A defaced table-sliaped stone within a rail- 
ing, near the N.E. corner of the burial-place, 
marks the grave of Francis Erskine of Car- 
buddo, Lieut.-Colonel of 50th Regiment, who 
died in 1833. He had two sisters, one of 
whom married George Ogilvy of Baikie, and 
the other Mr. Molison. The latter was the 
mother of Mr. F. Molison, merchant, Dundee, 
latterly of Errol Park. Col. Erskine was the 
last of the male line of his family, and never 
having been married, he left the property to a 
son of Mrs. Ogilvy' s, whose de.ath is thus re- 
corded upon a table-stone at Carbuddo : — 

Erected 1854, to the memory of George 
Ogilvt, Esq. of Kirkbviddo, who died at Edin- 
biu-gh, 17th March, 1848, aged 65 yeai-s. 

— Mr. Ogilvy, who had a sister married to Mr. 
Charles Buchan, accountant, G.P.O., Scotland, 
left the estate under trust for fifty years from 
the time of his death to two grandnejDhews, 
Lieut. -Col. William, and Surgeon-Major T. E. 
Jackson, both of the Indian Army, between 
whom, or their heirs, at the termination of 
Mr. Ogilvy's trust, Carbuddo falls to be 
divided in equal shares and in fee simple 
(Inf. from Geo. Webster, Esq., one of the 
Trustees). 

Sir Thomas Erskine of Brechin, uncle to the 
celebrated John Erskine of Dun, received 
charters of Carbuddo from the Earl of Craw- 
ford (Land of the Lindsays, 298) ; and on 
20th Sept., 1543, he resigned the lands in 
favour of his nephew and his second wife, 
Barbara Beirl, maid of honour to Mary of 
Lorraine (Spald. Club Misc., iv. 44). Their 
son, John, succeeded to Carbuddo during the 
lifetime of his parents, 12th Jan., 1571, and 
married a daughter of Strachan of Carmyllie. 
He had a son, George, who died about 1615, 
and from him the estate passed in the male 



line, until the death of Colonel Erskine m. 
1833 (Famihj Table, MS.) 

The tombstones in the churchyard are few 
in number, and mostly of modern date. The 
two inscriptions below are from headstones : — 

This stone was erected by Hendery Petrie, 
maltnian in Arbroath, & Isobel Keard, his spouse, 
in memory of his father, Iames Petrie, some 
time farmer in ground of Kirkbuddo, who died 
May 3, 1735, aged 41 years. Also two of his 
children procreate betuixt him and lean Brodie, 
his spouse, viz., Iames & Iean Petries. 

We wait ye trumpet and its solemn sound, 

[2.] 
Eliza Taylor, d. 1853, a. 10 mo. :— 
Thou art gone to the grave, 
But 'twer wrong to deplore thee ; 
Tho' youth's budding promise 

Fell deatli hath belied 
God gave thee and took thee, 
And soon will restore thee, 
Where death hath no sting. 

Since the Saviour hath died. 



The Soman Camp at Carbuddo, engraved 
and described in General Eoy's Military An- 
tiquities of North Britain (pi. 14, p. 67), is 
the most interesting remain in the locality. 
Portions of the walls and trenches are still 
traceable, and according to Roy, the camp oc- 
cupied an area of about 2280 by 1080 feet. 
Old graves were lately found near Carbuddo 
House, and in the year 1808 an urn was 
discovered in a tumulus adjoining the camp 
(Archneologia, xvi. 364). 

Whea S. Buite or Bcethius (from whom 
and his residence Caer-Buite, i.e., the fort or 
castle of Buite, the district is supposed by 
some to have its name), restored to life the 
daughter of Nectaii, King of the Picts, who is 
said to have dwelt in the neiglibouring fort of 
Dunnichen, S. Buit received a grant of the 
Oastrum in which he had performed the 



DESKFORD. 



153 



miracle, and where he founded a church 
(Skene's Chron. of the Picts ; Forbes' Kal. of 
Scot. Saints). 

S. BuiT died in a.d. 521, and his castnim 
or dwelling may have stood upon or near the 
rising ground beside the House of Carbuddo, 
a short distance to the eastward of the church. 
The Gallowhill is near thi.s, and betwixt it 
and the kirk stands the Chapel Hilloclc. 

The Earls of Angus, who were superiors of 
Carbuddo, were succeeded in the lands by tlie 
Earls of Crawford, one of whom. Earl David, 
on 5th Sept., 14-72, granted a charter " to Mr. 
David Guthrie of that Ilk, of six acres of Land 
in Kirkbucho, nearest the kirk, and of the 
pasturage of sax kyne with there falloues, witli 
the advocatione and right of patronage of the 
kirk," the Earl reserving for himself and his 
successors a right to take part in the orations 
and devotions of the church (Notes of Scotch 
Cha-rtH-s, MS.J 

It appears from Mylne's Lives of the 
Bishops of Dunkeld (Trans, of the So. of 
Antiq. of Perth, i. 45), that Bishop Brown 
had an interest in the district, he having, 
H84:-1515, " beautified and endowed" an 
altar and chaplainry in that part of the church 
of Dundee where he was baptized, and morti- 
fied for their support, along with other pro- 
perty, the rent of the ten pound lands of Car- 
buddo. Bishop Brown was a son of the town- 
treasurer of Dundee, and his grandfather was 
laird of Midmar (tsupra, 84). 

The mansion-house of Carbuddo, or Kirk- 
huddo, is a comparatively modern building, 
surrounded by some good old trees. Since 
the Dundee and Forfar direct line of railway 
was opened, the whole district, although still 
bleak, has been vastly improved. Ochtorlony 
says that it was " abundantly served of peat 
and turf," and quaintly describes it as " a 
murish cold country." j. 



Bcskfort). 

(S. JOHN, EVANGELIST.) 

SJOHX'S WELL, now drained, was in 
« the vicinity of the old kirk of Desk- 
ford (pron. Deskart). The church, which 
was probably erected about 1550, is said to 
have been originally a chapel dependent upon 
the church of Fordyce (supra, 100). 

Mr. Gilbert Gardyne was minister in 1574, 
and John Thane was reader or schoolmaster. 
There is no tombstone to any of the school- 
masters of Deskford ; but it may be stated 
that one of them, Eobert Alves, a native of 
Elgin, and who removed from Deskford to 
Banff in 1773, wrote two volumes of poetry 
and one of prose. He did not live to com- 
plete the last work, liaving died at Edinburgh, 
1st Jan., 1794, in his 39th year. 

The old kirk stands within the burial 
ground, upon the west side of a pretty valley, 
through which flows a considerable burn. 
The belfry is upon the west end of the church, 
and the bell bears : — 

DESFOED • 1781. 
AND • LOWSON • OLD • ABD. 

The old church is a long narrow building. 
It stands east and west, with an outside stair 
at each end leading to galleries. A piscina, 
with moulded liutels, is built into the west 
wall, and two plain awmbrys are in the east. 

The altar piece, of which Mr. Cordiner gives 
a restored and somewhat fanciful engraving 
in his IJemarkable Euins in the North of 
Scotland (1789), is built into the north wall 
of the kirk. It is about three feet broad, and 
reaches from the floor to near the ceiling. The 
upper portion exhibits two angels in the 
act of raising the host ; and the door lintels, 
&c., are ornamented with the vine pattern. 
Upon a scroll on the door are the words ; — 



154 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



03 . mcti;u . rs . ct . raro . mf.i . 

[Thou art my bone and my flesh.] 

The press is flanked with two shields, 

charged respectively with the Ogilvie and 

Gordon coats, also the mottoes, and initials, 

thus : — 

A. O. TOUT lOVR. — LAUS DEO. E. G. 

Upon the door sill is the verse (John vi. 
51) from the Vulgate : — 

CCg0 . sbm . iianis . bibbs . qbi . be . ca\a . 
bcscciibt . si . xjbis . mimbbcaberit . tx . lioc . pane 
. bibct . ill . rttrnam . iohanis . sc.xlo . tt . 
tctcnt. 

Below the above, an inscribed panel con- 
tains the following account of the erection of 
the " sacrament house " — 

'Shis . put . tobcblf . bnrl: . of . srtcrnmct . 
hobs . imiib . to . jic . honor . <S.- . lobig . of 
. gob . b£ . nuE . noble . m.m . nlrr.mbcr . 
oqllbu . of . J)t . ilh . •& . rlijabrt . gorion . his 
. spobsE . the', itir . of . gob . liSl. 

— The term " of y' ilk," unless meant to show 
the origin of Ogilvie's own descent, is scarcely 
correct, since the expression applies only to 
the chief or head of a family (supra, 101). 
So far as concerns the Ogilvys, tlie chieftain- 
ship has always been, and still is, vested 
either in the house of Airlie or in that of In- 
verquharity, the seniority of the two branches 
being doubtful. 

A freestone slab, upon which is a carving 
of the Ogilvie arms with a mullet in chief, and 
the initials, M.V.O., is near the middle of the 
same wall. It bears the following inscription, 
cut partly round an oval border, and partly 
upon a square slab underneath : — 

M"' . VALTRVS . OGILVT . VERBI . DIVINI . 
MINISTER . PIVS . NVNC . INTER . COELITES . 
beat' . QVI . FATIS . CESSII . XV . KAL . FEB . 
aSo . DN . 1658. 

[Mr. Walter Ogilvy, a pious minister of the 
Word of God, now one of tlie happy inhabitants 
of Heaven, died 15th Jan., 1658.] 

From two flat stones within, and near the 
south door of the kirk : — 



[1] 



5&5e svB 

. PROBjE . M . 
MRI. . ANDREW 



HOC . CIPPO . CONDVXTVR . CINERB3 

I S . AGMET.E . SIMSON . 

UEXDERSONI . ECCLESI.E . DESK- 



FVRDIEKSIS . MINISTRI . CONJVGIS . DILECT.*; . 
QViE . PER . BECENNIVM . MARITO . NVPTA . 
SEPTEM . LIBEEOS . ESIXA . QVOR . . TRES . 
HIC . PARITER . SEPVLTI . SVNT . QV^ . PLACIDE 
. AC . PIE . MORTI . SVCCVBVIT . XVI . KAL . 
SEPT . A." . Ml . XXXIV . M.V, . CHR . MDCLXIII : 
WIL . H : HEL . H : ISA . H : 

[In this tomb are laid the ashes of a vertuous 
woman, M s Agnes Simson, the be- 
loved wife of Mr. Andrew Henderson, minis- 
ter of the church of Deskford, who, during a 
union of ten years bore her husband seven chil- 
dren, three of whom are buried here beside her. 
She departed this life peacefully and piously, 17"" 
August, 1663, aged 34.] 

— Two pewter communion cups, with the 
vine pattern embossed, belong to the time of 
Mr. Henderson. They are preserved at the 
manse, and both bear jMr. H.'s initials and 
that of the parish— M. A. H., D. 

[2.] 
Here lyes, in the hope of a blessed resurrection 
. . John Mdrb . . . minister of the Gospell at 
Deskfoord, who departed this life March 1, 1719. 
Also Iean Ord, his sjiouse, who departed the 
day of 17 As also James Murray, 

their son, who departed Meay the 5, 1717. 

— These two slabs form part of the paving of 
the old church. The oldest visible tombstone 
in the churchyard, bevelled on two sides, is 
initialed and dated, T.D : M.C., 1668. 

From a slab, built into the west dyke of 
the kirkyard : — 

A.D. 1743 : Here lys the corps of Iohn 

DOWGALL & ElSPET SkINSER iS: lO. DOWGALL & 

Els . . . . & Io. Dowgall, who died the year 

1723, & his wife Elspet Skinner, who died 

1 746. This stone is erected by Alexr. & lanet 

Dowgalls. 

Upon a table-shaped stone : — 

Sacred to the memory of James Frazer, some- 
time smith at Ardoch, who died Nov. 9th, 1788, 
aged 76 years. He was an houest man, fi-iendly, 
benevolent, and open-hearted ; and a strict ob- 
server of every religious duty. Isobel Gerry, 
his spouse, died Nov. Gth, 1789, aged 73 : she 



TULLICH. 



155 



was a dutiful wife, an affectionate parent, & a 
friend to all in distress. This stone is erected by 
their son, James Fnizer, smith in Banff. 

From another table-shaped stone : — 

This stone is erected by George Wright, Car- 
rothead, in memory of his spouse Ann Andrew, 
who died 29 Aug., 1791, aged 30, was married 
1774, has left children, 5 sons and 4 daughters 
O Annie, dear, the grave has twin'd 

Thy loving heart and mine ; 
But i hope we'll meet in heaven above 
No more to part again. 
Near the north wall of the churchyard : — 

The Rev. George Innes, born at Huntly, 7 
July, 1777 ; ordained minister of Cullen 1 Dec, 
1808 ; translated to Deskford 7 Aug., 1829 ; and 
since the Disruption, minister of the Free Church 
here, died 1 Oct., 18.')1, aged 75. 

His wife, Jane Milne, died 7 March, 1836, in 
her 45th year. Beside the remains of his beloved 
mother lies all that was mortal of her dear son, 
the Rev. George Innes, minister of Seafield 
church, and afterwards of the Free Church in 
Cannobie, who died 24 Nov., 1847, in his 29th 
year, and 5th of his ministry, after being sub- 
jected to much hardship in consequence of the 
refusal of a piece of ground on which to build a 
house, in which he and his congregation might 
assemble in comfort to worship Him to whom 
the earth and the fulne.^s thereof belongs. 

A monument within an enclosure, in a field 
adjoining the east wall of the churchyard 
bears : — 

Sacred to the memory of Mrs Saradella 
MoRisON, daughter of the Rev. Walter Morisnn, 
49 years minister at Deskford ; married first to 
the Rev. Henry Gordon, miuister at Ardersier, 
by whom she had 5 children ; and 2dly to the 
Rev. Walter Chalmers, present minister at Desk- 
ford. Pious in heart and benevolent in miud, 
in person gi-aceful, and in manners affable, a 
dutiful daughter, an indulgent parent, and a ten- 
derly affectionate wife ; a warm and judicious 
friend. She died 3 Januarv 1811, aged 76. 



The tower of Deskford, long since razed, is 
said to have been erected by the Sinclairs 
(supra, 106). It stood near the old kirk, and 
was in a fair state of repair about 1788, when 
Mr. Cordirer made drawings of it. It appears 
to have resembled the Castle of Mains, near 



Dundee ; and in the Old Stat. Acct. it is said 
to have " been a pretty spacious building, in 
the form of a court ; but there now remains 
only one room's length, vaulted below, with 
three storeys and a garret." 

The remaining traces of the Castle of Inal- 
trie (pron. Nawtrec), indicate a building of 
more antiqiiity, and probablj' of greater ex- 
tent than that of Deskford. Mr. Cordiner 
calls it "a kind of monastery," and saj's that 
" a large metal crncifi.'c was not long ago (1788) 
dug from among the ruins." He also observes 
that the name signifies " the place of an altar." 
More probablj'', it was named from being situ- 
ated upon a hillock adjoining the burn of 
Deskford (? A' en-alt-tor). 

There was a Chapel to " Our Lady of Pity 
at Skeith, where her wooden image was kept ;" 
and when the walls were destroyed and tho 
site ploughed up about thirty years ago, some 
graves were found there. Two skew-put 
stones, a slab dated 1687, and seme dressed 
lintels, are built into the faimhouse and offices 
at Skeith. These had possibly come from the 
old manor house of Skeith, which belonged 
to a branch of the Abercrombys. The Orchard 
Haugh, where, until latelj'', were a number 
of fruit trees, is separated from the Chapel 
Haugh by the burn of Deskford. 

A neat parish church was erected in 1870, 
at a short distance from the old site, and 
there are also a Free Church and manse. 

[Ins. compd. by Mr. Smith, schoolmr.] 

%VVVVV\V\^VVW\\V\N\VVW\\\\\\%WVWV\\VVV%\\%\W 

(S. NATHALAN, BISHOP & CONFESSOR.) 

SNATHALAN, bishop of Aberdeen, who 
» died in a.d. 452, is said to have re- 
sided at Tullioh, and to have been buried 



156 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



within the church. It is added that it " long 
continued famous for miracles ^v^ought by his 
relics, which were preserved there till the 
change of religiim." 

The kirk of Guhigh (Tullich), is rated at 
20s. in the Old Taxation (Theinor) ; and the 
churches of Glenmuick and Glengairn were 
vicarages belonging to Tullich. 

The seven churches of Crathy, Glenmuk, 
Abergardin, Glentanner, Birss, Tullich, and 
Oboyne (vacant in 1574), were all under the 
superintendence of one minister. Lawrence 
Cowtes was reader at Tullich, and "William 
Sandejoun at Glenmuick and Abergairn. 

These three parishes have been long united, 
and since 1798, when the church was removed 
from the kirkyard of Glenmuick, it has stood 
at the village of Ballater. It is told that the 
old church of Glenmuick was accidentally de- 
stroyed by fire on the same night as the foun- 
dation was laid of the first church at Ballater. 

In 1873, a handsome church with spire was 
erected upon the site of the old kirk, at the 
cost of nearly £3,500. Fully the third part 
of that sum was contributed by Mr. Ales. 
Gordon, of the Caledonian and Lyndhurst 
Breweries, London, whose father was a farmer 
and woollen-dj'er at Little ^lill, in the neigh- 
bouring parish of Crathie. 

The church bell — a well-toned and beauti- 
fully moulded instrument — has a good deal of 
floral ornament upon it, also an inscription, 
which, while it shows that it was not origi- 
nally intended for its present position, con- 
firms a tradition that the first kirk of Ballater 
received a gift of a bell from the cathedral of 
Aberdeen : — 

CAMPANA . ECCLF.S . CATHED . ABD . 
FLORENTE . DO . GEOEGIO . M . D . EPO . 
ANNO . DO . 1688. SABBATA . PANGO . 
SOLEMNIA . CLANGO . EVNEEA . PLANGO. 
PAT . KILGOVR . EECIT. 



[The bell of the Cathedral Church of Aberdeen, 
made by Patrick Kilgour, in 1688. while Geokge, by 
the Mercy of God, was J^ord Bishop of the Diocese. 
Sabbaths I proclaim ; solemnities I announce ; at 
funerals I toD.] 

— Bishop Geoege, who was descended from a 
collateral branch of the Hallyburtons of Pit- 
cur, was at one time minister at Cupar-Angus. 
He was made Bishop of Brechin in 1678, of 
Aberdeen in 1682, and after the abolition of 
Episcopacy in 1689, he retired to his estate of 
Denside, near Cupar, where he died 29th 
Sept., 1715, in his 77th year (Keith's Lives). 

There are two marble tablets within the 
parish churclL One upon the south and the 
other upon the north side of the pulpit. The 
former is thus inscribed : — 

Sacred to the memory of Major Peter Far- 
QUHARSON, Madras Army, who died at Ballater, 
the 18th August, 1849, aged 62 years. 

— He was tlie eldest son of James Farquhar- 
son, farmer of Balnabodach, Strathdon, and 
grandson and representative of Peter Farquhar- 
son, of TuUochcoy (Epitaphs, i. 215, 284). 

The other tablet, which bears a carving of 
the Farquharson arms and motto, has this in- 
scription : — 

Sacred to the memory of Miss Charlotte 
Farquharsojj, last surviving member of the 
second family of Farquharson of Alonaltrie, and 
sister of William Farquhai'son, Esq., late pro- 
prietor thereof, who departed this life on the 
1.3th of April, 1851, sincerely regretted by a large 
circle of friends and acquaintances, whom she 
had gained by her amiable disposition, exemplary 
character, and agreeable manners. Her remains 
were interred iu the Family Vault in the church- 
yard of Crathie. 

The ruins of the old kirk of Tullich show 
marks of considerable antiquity, and the 
mullions of the north door, which are pretty 
entire, possiblj' belong to the 15th century, 
but a font at the west end seems to be an 
earlier piece of masonry than the building 
itself. 

According to Laing's Caledonian Itinerary 
(i. 133), there was a cross here, "in has 



TULLICH. 



157 



relief," and thus inscribed — -"Our ransom is 
paid, he bore the load, thro' this we gain 
victory " — but no trace is now to be seen or 
heard of it in any part of the district. The 
oldest relics of this sort are two mutilated 
coffin-slabs of red granite, with incised 
crosses. The most primitive and peculiar of 
these (represented in the annexed woodcut), has 
long formed the lintel of the south-west door 
of the kirk. The slab is about 5.', feet long. 




Within and at the west end of the kirk 
lie some of the Farquharsons of Whiteliouse, 
in Cromar, who were a branch of the Inver- 
eye family. Two monuments — one of marble, 
the other of granite — bear respectively : — 

[!■] 
These walls enclose the burial-ground of the 
Family of Farquharson of Whitehouse and 
Shiels ; where are interred the remains of James 
Farquharson of Whitehouse, brother of Colonel 
Donald Farquharson of Monaltrie (called Don- 
ald Og), who died in 1666, and Harry his son, 
who died in 1716, and Margaret his grand- 
daughter. Also the remains of Francis Farqu- 
harson of Shiels, the son of Harry, who died in 
1733 ; and Harrt, the son of Francis, and his 
wife Jean Kobe, who both died in 1760, and 
their sons Hugh and Donald, who died in early 
youth. This memorial has been erected by their 
surviving descendants, MDCCCXXVI. — Ke- 
quiescat in pace. 

[2.] 
Sacred to the memory of Margaret Garden, 
widow of William Farquharson of Monaltrie. 
She died at Aberdeen, on the 25th day of 
January, 1857, aged 83 years. Her remains are 
interred below. Erected as a tribute of attection 
by her only surviving sister, ilary Garden, 
widow of Thomas Bur-net t, advocate in Aber- 
deen. 

— Soon after j\Ir. F.'s death his widow, who 
was a daughter of Mr. Garden of Troup, 



M.P., had an obelisk erected to his memory 
upon a knoll to the eastward of the old kirk, 
with an inscription much the same as that 
upon his tombstone at Vivay, the latter of 
which is as follows : — 

Sacred to the memory of W. Farquharson' of 
Monaltrie, who died at Vivais, 2Sth Nov., 1828, 
aged 74. 

— Mr. Farquharson's uncle, Francis, who was 
known as Baron Ban, commanded his clan at 
Culloden, where he was taken prisoner, and 
condemned to death; but he received, in 
common with several others of the rebel 
prisoners, a reprieve, and afterwards a pardon 
(Epitaphs, i. 214). His estates were confiscated, 
but iu 1784, when an Act was passed for 
restoring the Forfeited Estates to the old 
owners or their heirs, Mr. Farquharson re- 
ceived his back upon the payment of £1613 
Os. 9d. He was one of the most liberal- 
minded and enterprising landowners of his 
day, and did more for the improvement of the 
district, by the erection of bridges and the 
formation of roads, than has probably been 
done by any one proprietor on Deeside. He 
also utilised the mineral springs of Pannanich, 
where ho erected dwelling-houses and public 
and private bathrooms — luxuries which were 
then but little known in this country. He 
died at Ballater, 22nd June, 1790, aged up- 
wards of 80 years. 

The Monaltrie and other lands which 
belonged to his nephew, devolved, on the 
death of his widow in 1857, upon the laird 
of Invercauld, who is now proprietor of Mon- 
altrie and Ballater, the Gleniuuick portion 
having been sold by him to ^Ir. Mackenzie 
of Kintail. 

A granite slab (shield-shaped), also built 
into the west wall of the old kirk, bears : — 

Erected to tlie memory of Alexander Far- 
quharson Henderson, M.D., of Caskieben, 
formerly physician in London, who died 16th 
September, 1863, aged 83 years. 



158 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS; 



— Dr. Henderson was a great florist and 
horticulturist, and well versed in tlie History 
of Wines, Ancient and Modern. He pub- 
lished (1824), a work upon the latter suhject, 
and being long resident in the Metropolis, 
and a man of independent means, he was 
for many years Honorary Secretary to the 
Horticultural Society of London. His father, 
John Henderson, who was an Aberdeenshire 
man, made money in the West Indies, and 
bought the estate of Caskieben, in Dyce, 
about 1790. His first wife, a Miss Farqu- 
harson, whom he married iu Jamaica, and 
who died in Aberdeen in 1788, was the 
mother of the aforesaid Dr. Henderson. By 
his second wife, a Miss Leslie, he had the 
late Dr. William Henderson, who succeeded 
his half-brother in Caskieben, and died at 
Aberdeen, in 1877. 

There are several other gravestones within 
the old kirk, one of which bears the names of 
a centenarian and an octogenarian : — 

Erected by Charles Sandison, in memory of 
his father, Charles Sajjdisox, who died at 
Tomnakiest, 6th May, 1861, aged 103 years. 
Also of his mother, Helen Licklie, who died 
at Tomnakiest, 8tli February, 1859, aged 85 
years. 

— Sandisons have long been resident in 
TuUich, and the above may be descendants 
of a Roman Catholic priest of that name, 
who lived about the time of the Reformation, 
and is said to have conformed, married, and 
had a family. Two women of the same name 
were reported as apostates iu 170i, at which 
time there were thirty-two Roman Catholics 
in Tullioh. 
Upon a stone in the kirkyard : — 

Sacred to the memory of Alexander Farqd- 
HARSON, Balintober, died 18th Deer. 1795, aged 
. . Erected out of 

Two obelisks stand at the west end of the 
kirk (outside). One, uninsoribed, is to the 
memory of Alex. Sheriffs, a native of Clatt, 



who built the houses of Ihrkhall and Monal- 
tric, the kirks of Glenmuick and Logie-Cold- 
stone, the last stone bridge over the Dee at 
Ballater, &c. ; and died about 1822, while 
depute-master of St. JS'^athalan's Lodge of Free 
Masons, Ballater, of which he was one of the 
original members. Upon the other obelisk : — 

In memory of the Rev''. James Smith, who was 
appointed schoolmaster of this parish in 1807, 
and died iu the schoolhouse, 2'"^ Sept' 1875, aged 
88. Also his wife, Charlotte Farquharson, 
who died 30th May, 1858, aged 58. 

— Mr. Smith, who was born in Cromar, pos- 
sessed much general intelligence, and being 
naturally of a social disposition, it is believed 
that he saw more than most men of his time 
and position of the inner life of both Highland 
lairds and tenants, of his intercourse with 
whom he occasionally gave curious and inte- 
resting reminiscences. 

He used also to speak of having been at 
College with Sir James Clark and Sir John 
Forbes, the eminent physicians ; of having 
been a class-fellow of Lord Byron's at the 
Grammar School of Aberdeen, and of being 
present on the morning that the intelligence 
arrived of the death of Byron's uncle, when 
the master called out his noble pupil's name 
by his title, at which, as Smith was wont to 
say, Byron's face became red as a burning coal ! 

It is certain that there was a " James 
Smith" in the first or youngest class of the 
Grammar School, when " George Byron Gor- 
don" was in the second, 4th June, 1796, also 
in the second class of the following year, when 
' ' George B. Gordon" was in the third ; but, 
in the school catalogue of 18th June, 1798, 
when the name of" Geo. B. Gordon" appears 
(over which " Dom. de Byron" lias been writ- 
ten), none of the pupils of that year, of whom 
there were 147, bore the surname of Smith. 

This is Bj'ron's last appearance in the list. 
He was then in the fourth class, in which, 
among others, was the late Sir Alex. Banner- 



TULLICH. 



159 



man, while the venerable Mr. Chrrles Win- 
chester, advocate, translator of the Memoirs of 
Chevalier de Johnstone, &c., who is cue of 
the last, if not the only survivor of Byron's 
classfellows at Aberdeen, stood sixth in the 
3rd class of June, 1796 (Inf. from Eev. Dr. 
Beverly, late Master of Grammar School). 
From a table-stone :— 

Here lies William CnaiiiNO, la\vful son to 
Donald Gumming & his spouse Anne Sliaw, 
indwellers att Mill of Dinnet, who died January 
16, 1753, aged 2 years & 10 months. Also in 
memoi-y of Alexr. Gumming, who died 18th 
April, 1840, aged 63 years ; and Jannet Goutts, 
his spou.se, who died 8th March, 1873, aged 86 
years. Mori janua vitte. 

The next inscription refers to a lady who 
died at Oakwood Cottage, near Tullich : — 

In memory of Hannah Fergusson, spouse of 
Lieut. James Fergusson, late 57th Regt., who 
died the 12th Augu-st, 1824, aged 34 years. 

Although the spot is now unknown, it 
seems probable that the kirkyard of Tullich 
may contain the remains of Arthur Skene, 
who lived in the village at one time, and was 
Chancellor of Assize on the trial of Janet 
Grant in Coldatone, and Janet Clark in 
Blelack, two poor deluded women who, on 
17th August, 1590, were charged with the 
"murthour be witchcraft" of a number of 
men, women, and cattle, with " the rasing of 
the Dewill," and with committing many 
similar absurdities ; but, as those " cantrips " 
were then looked upon as being heinous 
crimes, and as both women were " fylit and 
conuict for commoune notorious wiches," they 
were adjudged to the horrible death of being 
" tane to the Castell-hill of Edinburghe, and 
thair wirreit at ane staik, and thair bodys to 
be brunt in assis" (Ciim. Trials, L 206.) 



The Knights Templars had an interest here, 
and, according to Spottiswood, they had " a 
residence" at Tullich. Although the latter 



statement wants corrobation, it does not in 
any respect lessen the historical or antiqu- 
arian interest of the place ; for besides the 
sculptured stone which stood at the Braes of 
Claghan (1 Clachan), on the north bank of 
Loch Kinord, now at Aboyne (Sculpd. Stones 
of Scotd., i. pi. 13), and that which lay by 
the side of the turnpike road, near the site 
of Mr. Farquharson's monument, another of 
these relics, which prove so conclusively the 
early importance and antiquity of any locality 
in which they are found, was discovered in 
the walls of the old church of Tullich, in 
1875, by the Eev. Mr. Michie, now of 
Dinnet. The last mentioned, which exhibits 
the elephant and spectacle ornaments, is part 
of a larger stone, the rest of which may 
possibly yet be discovered '; but the other 
slab, which very much resembled the Skeith 
I Stane of Kilrenny in Fife (Ibid., pi. 124), 
was unfortunately destroyed when the Deeside 
line of railway was being constructed. 

Another interesting cross — S. Nach'lan's — 
consisted of a square unadorned shaft of 
granite, about 12 feet in height, surrounded 
with steps. It stood upon the site of Nach- 
lan's Fair, which was removed from Tullich 
to Ballater about 1817, when the cross was 
destroyed, and the materials used for building 
purposes (Inf. from late Mr. Smith). 

The most generally admired features of the 
district are the Lochs of Kinord and Dawan, 
in the former of which are three islands. The 
chief of these— the Castle Island — was about 
an acre in extent, and under cultivation in 
179L Although possibly not altogether arti- 
ficial, it appears to have been raised partly 
upon, and protected by, large piles of wood, 
some of which still remain. Tradition, owin" 
apparently to the corrupted form of the name, 
avers that the castle was occupied by Malcolm 
Canmore ; and the same authority, although 
there is no mention of the fact in any of the 



160 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



King's Itineraries, states tliat Edward I. was 
here on his return to the south in 1 306. 

Wj-ntoun sa3's that Cumine's soldiers, who 
had been there immediate!}'' before the battle 
of Culblean in 1335, returned to the " pele" 
of Kinord after being defeated by Sir Andrew 
Moray : — 

Scliyr Robert Meylmeis till Camnore 
Went, qwhere lie wonnand was before : 
Thiddyr he went, and in a pele 
He sawffyt hym and his menyhe' welle. 

The place is also mentioned when James 
IV. made one of his annual pilgiimages to the 
shrine of S. Dulhoo, at Tain. He probably 
■visited Loch Kinord at that time, Oct., 1.504, 
if he did not indeed stay in the " pele," the 
sum of 14s. having been paid to Jacob Ed- 
manistoun for " tursing" or conveying " the 
kingis dogjjis" there. It further appears that, 
in the following month, not only was a similar 
sum disbursed " to the botemau of loch Can- 
mor be the Kingis command," but Peter 
Crechtoun was also repaid the sum of 5s., 
which " he gaif be the kingis command to anc 
blind man," at the same time and place. 

With the exception of these facts, and 
those of the Castle Island's having been gar- 
risoned by the Earl of Huntly in 1647, and 
taken from him by the rebels, little is known 
of its real history. 

A number of relics, consisting of canoes 
(one of which is at Aboyne Castle), large 
beams of oak, bronze swords, and articles of 
domestic use have been found in the vicinity 
of the "pele" or castle, as described in 
Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of 
Scotland (vol. vi.), and in Mr. Michie's 
Loch Kinnord (Edin., 1877). 

"We are told that there is at least one other 
canoe in the loch, and were it to become so 
shallow as to admit of its being dredged, other 
objects of antiquarian interest might be 
discovered, if not such as would help to 
prove that the Koman town of " Devana" 



as laid down by Ptolemy, whose theory is fol- 
lowed by Dr. W. F. Skene, in his work on 
" Celtic Scotland," was situated somewhere in 
the locality. 

An account of the early history of the 
district of Cromar, particularly such as could 
be gathered from careful and intelligent 
excavations, would form a valuable addition 
to our present knowledge of the past state of 
the country. Not only are there traces of 
ancient townships along the banks of Lochs 
Kinord and Uawan, but the hills by which 
they are surrounded, as well as the adjacent 
valleys, contain primitive dwellings, burial 
places, and sculptured stones, while the names 
of the Celtic pioneers of Christianity are 
everywhere to be met with in those of old 
wells and hillocks. 

The united parishes of Tullich, Glenmuick, 
and Glengairn belonged, from earliest record, 
to the Earls of Mar, who appear to have been 
followed, first by the Earls of Crawford, and 
next by the Earls of Huntly, one of the latter 
of whom received a grant of these lands, 
also of Aboyne and Glentanyr, 29th Jan., 
1449-50. A great portion of these estates 
still belongs to the Marquis of Huntly, who 
is male representative, and chief of the Gor- 
dons, Earls of Huntly and Strathbogie. 

Since Royalty came to reside in these parts, 
and the railway was opened, great improve- 
ments have been made upon the whole district, 
particularly in and about the village of Ballater, 
which is the present terminus of the Deeside 
line. But as the nature of these changes is 
set forth in Guide Book.s, it need only be here 
remarked that, besides many neat dwelling- 
houses and villas, which are mostly let for 
summer lodgings, branch banks, hotels, and 
shops, the village also contains the handsome 
buildings of the Parish and Free Churches, 
a barrack for the Eoyal Guard during the 
stay of the Court at Balmoral, and the Albert 



GLENMUICK. 



161 



Hall. The last meutioned, in which are the 
post-office, reading, lecture, and billiard rooms, 
was erected and gifted to the inhahitants by 
Mr. Gordon, who contributed so liberally to- 
wards the building of the new Parish Kirk. 
Upon tlie front of the Hall is this in- 
scription : — 

THIS HALL IS ERECTED TO THE MEMORY OF 
HIS ROTAL HIGHNESS 

THE PEINCE CONSORT, 

Born 26th Aug., 1819 ; died 14th December, 1861. 

%ttu tttib (iffcst. 

TRUE AND FIRM. 

At Muir of Dinnet, of late a wild and deso- 
late spot, there are now a railway station, a 
neat mission church and manse, several dwel- 
ling houses, and a merchant's shop. Being 
conveniently situated for the districts of Cro- 
mar and Strathdon on the north, and Glen- 
tanner on the south, this hamlet bids fair to 
become a centre of considerable importance. 

At Camus-o'-May, or about halfway be- 
tween Ballater and Dinnet, there is also a rail- 
way station, and being a picturesque and in- 
teresting portion of the Dee, it is a favourite 
resort of tourists. Lord Byron spent part of 
his boyhood at Ballaterich, on the south side 
of the river ; but the " box-bed" in which he 
is said to have slept when there was unfor- 
tunately destroyed by fire a few years ago. 
The mountains of Morven and Culblean, of 
the beauty of which he sung in some of his 
earliest and sweetest pieces, are also remark- 
able features in the landscape. 

Besides the bridge across the Dee at Dinnet, 
there are several others in the united parishes. 
The most important is that over the Dee at Bal- 
later, another crosses the burn of Tullich, near 
the old kirk, and others span the Gairn and 
the ]\Iuick respectively. The fu?st notice of 
any bridge in these parts is in the time of 
Alexander III., during whose reign there was 
one near the mouth of the Muick. 



The present bridge of Muick was buUt about 
140 years ago, and a bridge of three arches, 
which was thrown over the Dee at Ballater at 
a later date, was carried away by the floods of 
1799. It was replaced, in 1808, by a stone 
bridge of five arches, which shared the same 
fate in 1829. In 1834, the present strong 
timber bridge was built by Mr. John Gibb, 
engineer, Aberdeen, at the cost of about 
^2000, one-half of which was supplied by the 
Parliamentary Commissioners for Highland 
Eoads and Bridges, and the other by public 
subscriptions. The latter were raised all over 
the country, and possibly no individual did 
more good service as a collector for the bridge 
than the Eev. Mr. Smith, who was so long 
parochial schoolmaster (supra, 158). 

[Insc. compd. by Mr. Riach, rejpstrar.] 

(B 1 c nin u i c k. 

(THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY.) 

A LOXG with the parsonage and vicarage 
•^^ of several other churches. King's Col- 
lege, Aberdeen, received those of Glenmuick 
and Glengairn, in 1633 (Acta Pari.) 

In 1794, the chm'ch of Glenmuick is 
described as -'a very old house, thatched 
with heath." It stood within the burial 
ground, at the north-west end of the bridge 
of Muick, where the manse is still situated. 

The burial place of the Gordons of Aber- 
geldie is enclosed with a railing, and upon the 
dado or die of a square monument, with stem, 
are these inscriptions : — 

To the memory of Ch.\rles Gordon, Esquire 
of Abergeldie, who died March 1796, and of 
Alison Hdnter, his spouse, of the family of 
Bm-nside, who died March 1800. They lived 



162 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



together nearly half a century on this part of 
DeesiJe, the best of parents, giving good example 
in every way, and serving to the utmost of their 
I^ower all who stood in need. 

[2.] 
Here lies inten-ed the remains of the late 
Peter Gordon, Esq', of Abergeldie, eldest sou 
of Charles Gordon, Esq'. He succeeded his 
father in 1796, and died the 6th of December, 
1819, aged sixty-eight. 

— Besides Peter, who died without surviving 
issue, Charles Gordon and his wife, Alison 
Hunter, had six sons and one daughter. The 
daughter married Dr. George Skene of Aber- 
deen, and the second son, David, succeeded 
liis elder brother. He had a large family of 
sons and daughters. Hi.s second son, Michael- 
Francis, succeeded to Abergeldie, which is 
now owned by a sister's son, Mr. Hugh 
Mackay-Gordon, an extensive iron and coal 
master. About 18-19, the late Prince Consort 
acquired a 38 years' lease of the castle and 
estates of Abergeldie ; and a few years ago 
the adjoining property of Birkhall (formerly 
Stiren) was sold to the Prince of Wales by 
the Abergeldie Trustees. A stone, over the 
front door at Birkhall, initialed and dated 
11. G., M. G., 1715, appears to refer to 
the "handsome house" which was there built 
by the Gordons of Abergeldie. 

The property of Abergeldie originally formed 
part of the earldom of Mar ; and about the 
middle of the 14th century, Earl Thomas 
granted the lands to Duncan, son of Eoger, 
who, as the Earl's vassal, was bound to give 
suit at the three head courts, held " apud 
lapidem de JNlygvethe" — a stone at the 
Earl's manor of Migvie, in Cromar. About 
1507, the Crown, as coming in place of the 
old Earls of Mar, laid claim to Abergeldie, 
but the Privy Council found that these lands 
were "distinct landes fra the Erledome of 
Marr" (Hist. MSS. Com., 6th Eeport, 713). 

It was about 1501 that Sir Alex. Gordon 



of Midmar, a son of the Earl of Huntly, got 
a royal charter of the lands of Abergeldie and 
Estoun on his own resignation. He was suc- 
ceeded in 1507 by his son George, who mar- 
ried Margaret Stewart, and had a son James, 
who fell " in the feild of Pinkyeoleucht," 
Sept. 10, 1547. The latter was succeeded by 
his son, Alexander, who married a daughter of 
Irvine of Drum. He had four successors, and 
on the failure of the male line in the person 
of the last of these, who died in 17 — , the 
succession came to his sister, Rachel, who 
married a son of Gordon of Minmore, in Glen- 
livat, by whom she had Peter, the father of 
Charles Gordon, who died in 1796. 

Alexander Gordon, merchant in Aberdeen, 
and author of " very many poems in the 
Scottish tongue, wJiich were very elegant and 
learned," was a son of the house of Aber- 
geldie (Maidment's Cat. of Scottish Writers). 

The enclosure, on the N.W. of the Aber- 
geldie tomb, is the burial place of Stewart 
in Aucholzie, who married Barbara, sister to 
Farquharson of Alargue in Strathdon, and 
aunt to Charles Farquharson of Cluny, in 
Braemar. The latter, who was known on 
Decside as the " muokle Factor," managed 
the Invercauld estates for upwards of 45 
years. He was buried at Glenmuick along 
with his wife and a daughter. The tomb was 
erected, but no tablet, by their son Andrew, 
who made money abroad, and bought the 
property of Breda, near Alford (Epitaphs, i., 
120). 

A broken head stone, near the Abergeldie 
aisle, relates to Alexander Gordon, Little- 
mill, and his wife Jane Smith. They died 
respectively in 1809 and 1800, aged 82 and 
59, and were uncle and aunt of Mr. Alexander 
Gordon, brewer in London (supra, 156). 
From a flat slab : — 

Here lies the Rev"''. James Eobertson, mi- 
nister of Glenmuick, who, after a life devoted to 



GLENMUICK. 



163 



the glory of God and the good of mankind, died 
the 11th July, 1748. Blessed are the dead. 
Re\Ti. 14th and 13th. 

— Mr. Robertson, who was a son of the famous 
Baron Ruie, was the first Presbyterian minis- 
ter of Glenmuiok. He was ordained in 1699, 
and in 1 704, he made up a list of the Papists 
in the united parishes, in which he gives many 
graphic delineations of character (Blackhal's 
Narrative, xxxi.-iv). The parish records also 
contain some interesting notices of the Eebel- 
lion of 1745, and of those who fell at Cul- 
loden. Among these are the following bap- 
tismal entries, dated 5th and 21st August re- 
spectively, both of which but too clearly point 
to the fate of at least two of the followers of 
" Bonnie Prince Charlie ": — 

Duncan M'Kenzie in Rinaloan, and Ker, his 
wife, had a daughter baptised, called Mat. The 
father was killed at the battle of Culloden, and there- 
fore his brother, Kenneth M'Kenzie in Morvin, was 
a sponger for the child. The parents were both 
Popish. 

A posthumous child of Duncan Fleming in Auchin- 
loan, slain in the battle of Culloden, and Elspet 
Fraser, his wife, called Donald. Peter Fleming in 
Bragnalerin was sponsor. 

From a table stone, enclosed : — 

Here lies Elizabeth Brown, spouse to the 
Rev. Geo. Brown, minister of Glenmuiok, who 
died 22d January, 1795, aged 36. Likewise her 
two infant daughters .... Also the Rev'' 
George Brown, who died 24th July, 1818, aged 
65. Also here repose the remains of Mrs. Anne 
Gordon or Brown, widow of the above-named 
Rev. George Brown, who died 1st FebrJ"- 1850, 
in her 90th year. 

It was in Mr. Brown's time that the 
parish church was removed to Ballater; and 
the following, from a granite obelisk, relates to 
his immediate successor : — 

In memory of the Rev. Hugh Burgess, who 
died 31st August, 1849, in the 84th year of his 
age, the 51st of his ministry, and 32ud of his in- 
cumbency of this parish. 

From a headstone : — 

Anno Domini 1846. Erected in memory of 
Isaac Calder, late farmer in Grayston, Inch- 
marnooh, who died April 3rd, 1845, aged 89. 



Also his spouse, Margaret M'Connach, who 
died in 1796, aged 31. Done by his son, George 
Calder. 

— -Inchmarnoch is situated in the Tullich dis- 
trict, not far from Camus-o'-!May. The name 
possibly indicates the site of an early dedi- 
cation to S. Marnoch. 

A rough granite slab (coffin sliaped), near 
the gate of the burial-ground, exhibits these 
initials and date, rudely incised : — 

1596 

I. M : " 

1722 

— The initials are said to refer to one John 
Mitchell, who lived at Dallyfour, in Glen- 
muick, and the dates to the years of his birth 
and death, respectively, if so he had attained 
to the long age of 126 years. The following 
lines (from a MS. upon the fly-leaf of an old 
book), are intended to illustrate the period 
during which he is believed to have lived : — 

Stay, passenger, and read this rhyme, 

And know what happen'd in my life and time — 

Full forty years a bachelor I went, 

And twenty-six in wedlock ne.\t I spent. 

Tadn twice three years I pass'd a widow'd life, 

And fifty-five liv'd ^^'ith a second wife. 

BetwL\t my cradle and my grave, I wean. 

Seven monarchs and two queens have been. 

I saw the Union of the Briti.sh crowns ; 1 

Twice Presbyt'ry gave way to Stuart go\vn3 ; > 

As oft again thrust out prelatic lowns. J 

Eight times I've seen my fellow subjects try 

If Law or Princes' will should bear the sw'y ; 

Prerogative twice trample on our laws ; 

And seen as oft usurpers lose their cause ; 

And prelates' zeal for pow'r and superstition 

Cause bloody wars, and cruel persecution. 

Kome, too, I've seen try to enslave us. 

And Providence as often save us ; 

And seen the Royal Stuarts (bold, ancient race) 

With Scotland's freedom, state, and name to cease. 

Such devastation in my life hath been — 

That I've an end of all perfection seen ! 

But those were safe who kept from faction free, 

Serv'd God in truth and sound sobrietie. 

— Tradition asserts that Mitchell was a skilful 

angler and a famous poacher. A part of the 

Dee, near the jnnction of the Muick, where 

salmon spawned, and which he frequented 

imder night, was known as Mitdiell's Rfdd, 



164 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



Several slabs here, as well as at Glengairn 
and Tullich, bear initials and dates only. 
These are among the earliest of the stones, 
and the brevity of the inscriptions had 
probably been owing to the hardness of the 
material — the tombstones being of granite — 
and the want of proper tools as well as of 
practice in carving letters. One of these, 
upon which the initials and date — A. S. 1736 
— are deeply incised, refers to a family named 
Symon, who were landholders in Muiress 
(Micras) in 1696 ; and another to the ancestors 
of Rough Sand//, or Alexander Davidson, 
whose e.xploits as a poacher are told in Mr. 
Michie's Deeside Tales (Abdn. 1872). Sandy, 
who was found dead among the hills of 
Glenbucket, in August, 1843, "with his 
little brown pointer seated on his breast, 
keeping watch over him," was buried under 
a stone which bears these initials and dates : — 

I. D. 1713 : 
A. D. 1726. 

But Sandij was not the only poacher in 
the district at the time mentioned, there 
being at least other two, Malcolm Eitchie 
and Jamie Gordon. The former, who lived at 
MUton of Aucholzie, left a family, some of 
whom are now among the wealthiest settlers 
in Australia ; and the latter had a son who 
became a medical officer in India, and married 
a daughter of Gordon, laird of Abergoldie 
who was one of his father's persecutors 
during his " poaching days." 

The rude and brief style of lettering con- 
tinued until the close of the last century, 
when an improvement gradually took place, 
not only in the shape and form of the letters, 
but also in the quantity of information con- 
veyed. In illustration of these facts, the 
next three examples may be quoted : — 

WALTER STEWART, 1776. 
JOHN STEWART, 1794. 
MARJORY MICHIE, 1790. 



P. C. J. F. 

who died April 16the 1805. 

James Gordon, 1754. Alexr. Gordon, his 
son, and also Samvel Gordon, died Dec. 3, 1798, 
aged 48. 

Upon an adjoining stone : — 

In memory of Donald Gordon, late fai-mer, 
Aucholzie, and Elspet Donald, his wife, who 
both died, 1810, aged 80. Also their son, James 
Gordon, who died 18.32, aged 75 yeara ; and his 
wife, Ann Leys, who died, 1791 ; also his second 
wife, Ann Gordon, who died, 1827. 

— James and Ann Gordon were the parents of 
William Gordon, who died in 1875, aged 
87. He long tenanted Aucholzie, and other 
extensive grazings, and his son now occupies 
the large sheep farm of Auchallater. Another 
of .this race, Jean Gordon, whose father, 
Samuel, tenanted Tombreck, is recorded to 
have " died at Kewtou of Tullich, 9th May, 
1874, aged 103 years." From a table stone : — 

This stone was placed here to the memory of 
two brothers by their sons, James Robertsone, 
sometime miliar at Mill of Stiren, who died 21st 
of May 1808, aged 54. Also his spouse. Chris- 
tian Robertson, who died 21 of Janry., 1800, 
aged 49. Charles Robertson, sometime miliar 
at Mill of Balmoral, who died 26th of March, 
1812, aged 52. 

— The above relates to ancestors of a family 
who, about 1841-2, went to Melbourne, in 
Australia, as shepherds and agricultural la- 
bourers. They were very industrious, and 
joining their savings together, became exten- 
sive sheep farmers and graziers. One of them, 
who purchased about 20,000 acres of land, 
near Lake Coramgamite, obtained the sanction 
of the Government to call the parish contain- 
ing it, Strowan — such being the name of the 
old Eobertson or Dundonachie possessions in 
AthoU. The last mentioned in the above in- 
scription was familiarly known as Strowan 
Robertson. He had "a still" at Balmoral, 
which formed the nucleus of the now well- 
known distillery of Lochnagar. 



GLENGAIRN. 



165 



A religious house and hospice were early 
establislied at the Spital of Muick by the 
Bishop and Chapter of Aberdeen. These were 
for the accommodation of travellers to or from 
the south by the long and dreary pass of the 
Capel Mount ; and do^^Ti to within these 
thirty years the hospice may be said to have 
been represented by a humble hostelry which 
stood near the old site. Although the Capel 
Mount road is still used by pedestrians, and 
occasionally by travellers on horseback, there 
is no place of rendezvous or refreshment 
between the village of Ballater and the 
Kirktown of Clova. 

It is in the district of Loch Muick, upon 
the north or Lochnagar side, that the Queen 
has her favourite huts of Altnaguisack and 
Glassalt. About two miles to the westward 
is Loch Dubhloch. Although of comparatively 
small dimensions, this is one of the most ro- 
mantic lakes in the parish, the water of which 
flows into Loch Muick. 

Glenmuick, which was acquired by the first 
Earl of Huntly, was sold by the Gordons to 
the Farquharsons sometime during the 17th 
century. In 1868, the whole district, includ- 
ing the south side of Loch ]\Iuick, was bought 
from Colonel Farquharson of Invercauld by 
Mr. J. T. Mackenzie, who made money abroad, 
and whose father was long a silk mercer 
in Aberdeen. Mr. Mackenzie, who also owns 
the estate of Kintail, in Eoss, and a portion of 
Clova {supra, 117), has erected a large mansion- 
house at Glenmuick, also a handsome Epis- 
copal Church. The latter, which stands within 
the policies, is dedicated to S. Nathalan", and 
was opened for public service, 22nd August, 
1875. 

The castles of Knock and Brackley are both 
said to have been burned by enemies of their 
respective lairds. The former, of which a good 
portion remains, is believed to have succeeded 
a building that was destroyed by the Clan 



Chattan in 1592; and the latter, of which 
there is only a fragment, was the reputed seat 
of the Baron of Brackley, whose tragical end 
is told in the ballad of that name. It is also 
said that both castles suffered from the troops 
of General ]\Iackay — probably also from those 
of the Eoyalists in 1715 and 1745. 

[Ins. compd. by Mr. Riach, registrar.] 
AVVVwv^vw^^vv\vv^v^w^vw^^w^w^v^%vv^^v\^vv^N 

(S. MUNGO, BISHOP.) 

THE ruins of the old church stand within 
the burial ground, upon a haugh, on the 
east side of the bridge of Gairn. The front and 
gable walls are the most entire portions of 
the building, and several ash trees grow 
within its area. In the front wall are two 
doors and three windows ; and an octagonal 
font of early workmanship lies at the west 
end of the church. 

The state of the ruins of the kirk and the 
enclosing walls of the burial ground is highly 
creditable, and may be accounted for by the 
following inscription upon the left of the 
gate : — 

The Dyke Rebuilt, and Kirk Repaired, by the 
Friends of the Deceased of Glengairn. 1832. 

The slab which bears the earliest date 
relates to a family of the name of Grant, 
one of whose representatives occupies (1878) 
the farm of Abergairn. The stone is rudely 
inscribed with these initials and date : — 
^ I. G. : T. G. : I. 6. : i. M. : m. m. 1714. 
Upon the next oldest slab : — 

ELSPET MACDONALD DEPARTED THIS LIFE, 

1719. 
Another relates to three persons of the 
name of Macandrew, two of whom died in 
1729, and the other in 1738. The following— 



166 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



»J« A. M., 1722 ; M. M. 1730 — 
has reference to ancestors of the Eev. Mr. 
Michie of Dinnet ; and alongside of this rude 
slab a cross shaped monument is erected to 
the memory of his uncle and aunt, John 
Michie, farmer, Tomanraw, and Ann Coutts, 
who died, respectively, in 1870 and 1876, 
aged 82 and 75 years. 

Among other monuments, which present 
long ages, are thnse to the memory of 
James Coutts, Cookshill, Kildrummy, Peter 
Coutts, farmer, TuUochmacarrick, and their 
respective -wives, Elizabeth Coutts, and 
Helen Gray, all of whom died between 
1837 and 1866, and whose united ages 
amount to 332 years. 

It may be noted that the Coutts's of this 
district are not only a long lived race, but 
their blood possibly flows in the veins of some 
of the oldest of our English families, Nelly, a 
daughter of Peter Coutts, who lived at Bryh- 
dubh, being married to one of the represen- 
tatives of a Yorkshu'e family who trace their 
lineage from the time of Henry III. 

Another tombstone bears that »J< Duncan 
M'Kenzie, Mulloch, died in 1793, aged 88; 
and a second that James Eose, Tillyhermack, 
and his wife Margaret Dawson, who died in 
1863 and 1855, attained to the respective ages 
of 88 and 84 years. 
From another rudely carved slab : — 

lOHN STEWART 1743. JOHN STEWART TR 1783. 
MET STEWART, 1789. DONE BY ME ISABEL FERRIS 
IN CASTLETOWN. 17-2. 

From a headstone :— 

DONE BY NATH. GORDON IN TOMB 1782. 

— An adjoining table stone shows that 
Nathaniel Gordon, from Wardhead, Glen- 
muick, died in 1786, aged 50. 

From a flat but dateless slab, upon which 
is a shield charged with the M'Kenzie crest : — 

Here lies Barbra Cattanach & Alexr., 
Elizabeth & Jasnet M'Kenzies. 

Remember man as thou goes by, &c. 



From a table-stone : — ■ 

This stone is jjlaced here by Mary Mackenzie 
in testimony of her respect for the memory of 
her father Donald Mackenzie, Esq., of Dal- 
more, who died in the year 1747, aged 70 ; her 
mother, Ann Farquharson, who died 1748, 
aged — ; her son, Alexr. Mackenzie, who died 
1770, aged 14 ; and her husband William 
Mackenzie, who died 12th Augt., 1790, aged 79, 
and was minister of the united parishes of Glen- 
muick, Tullicli & Glengern 12 yeai-s. 

— " Dalmore'' was previously the name of Mar 
Lodge, now part of the extensive property of 
the Earl of Fife, in the upper district of Brae- 
mar. Mr. Mackenzie, who lived at Brackley, 
had a brother George sometime a writer in 
Edinburgh, who about 1725, had a lease of 
the grazings of Waterhead in Lethnot (Epi- 
taphs, i. 355). Tradition avers that the first 
of this family was a natural son of Kenneth, 
9th Earl of Kintail, who received a grant of 
Dalmore from James IV., in recognition of 
services done to the King by his father. 

The next inscription specially relates to Mr. 
Mackenzie's son-in-law. He was a son of the 
laird of Park, in Eoss-shire, and succeeded 
Mr. Eobertson in Glenmuick, having been 
previously missionary at Braemar : — 

William McKenzie died 12th Augt., 1790, 
aged 79, minister of the united parishes of Glen- 
muick, Tulloch, and Glengairn, for 12 years. A 
pastor, vigilant beyond his strength over the 
flock committed to his charge ; of coui-teous be- 
haviour, & beneficent life ; a pattern of charity, 
in all its branches ; a man adorned with many 
virtues. Euge fideUs serve. 
— It was in Mr. M'Kenzie's time, 'and on 
24th Aug., 1785, that the following curious 
notice of a marriage occurs, from which it will 
be seen that, notwithstanding what poets have 
sung to the contrary, even " rustic swains" 
could in bygone times bear and treat " slighted 
love" in a common sense manner, and without, 
as sometimes happens now-a-days, any demand 
for pecuniary redress ! The expression of the 
marriage having "■ floicen tqj upon the Bride's 
side," is peculiarly quaint : — 



GLENGAIBN. 



167 



The Session received advice that the. piirpose of 
marriage betwixt Peter Wright in MiUtown of 
Aucholie, and Helen Gray, in Balno, is fiowen up 
upon the Bride's side, consequently she has forfeited 
her pledge, w"^ is a crown ; and that the said Peter 
Wright is again contracted in order to marriage w' 
Barbara Smith in Upper AchoUie yester-night. 

A headstone, near the east wall, bears the 

following to the memory of a Eoman Catholic 

priest, who was a native of Glengairn : — 

•J< Orate pro anima Lachlan M'Intosh, sacer- 
dotis, qui, cum munere pastorali in h4c missione 
Vallis Garniensis annos fere LXIV. fideliter func- 
tus esset, senio confectus, supremum diem obiit, 
VI. Idus Martii, anno salutis MDCCCXLVI, 
setatis su;e XCIII. Eequiescat in pace. 

[Pray for the soul of Lachlan M'Intosh, 
priest, who having faithfully discharged the 
duties of his pastoral office in this mission of 
Glengairn for about 64 years, died woj-n out with 
age and infirmities, on 10"' of March, 1846, in the 
93"* year of his age. May he rest in peace.] 

Upon a table stone : — ■ 

Here lies in hopes of a blessed resurrection, 
the body of Jas. Eggo, late boatman, Poleholick, 
who departed this life May 28th 1798, aged 57 
years. Likewise his spouse, Jannet Forbes, 
died Febry. 17, 1800, aged 50 years. 

— Poleholic or Potbalmick, which is named 
from a pool in the Dee, lies upon the south 
side of the river, and a boat still plies be- 
tween it and Dalbagie, on the north side. 
Feillmaludmick, or Halmick's Fair — a name 
which looks somewhat like that of an old 
saint — was long held in this neighbourhood, 
and latterly at Bridge of Gairn. 

About two miles above the bridge, upon 
the north side of Gairn, are a very neat 
Eoman Catholic Chapel and mission house. 
A little further up, and nearly 100 feet above 
the river, is the burial place at 

Balfatr. 

It is situated within a small enclosure, in 
which are also the remains of an ancient 
Eoman Catholic chapel. There are four rude 
flat tombstones. One, with an upright stone 
at the end and a cross upon it, is said to mark 



the grave of a priest; and here, in 1859, were 
also laid the remains of Margaret M'Gregor, 
who died at Laggan, at the age of 82. A 
second stone is unembellished, and the other 
two (the latter having carvings of crossed 
bones and a sandglass) are respectively in- 
scribed thus : — 

G. M. G. 1734. 
HEEE LYES JOHN GEIEESON, 

WHO DIED THE SECOND DAY OF MAT 1787. 

— Mr. Michie, who was the first to inform us of 
this interesting burial-place, and kindly copied 
the inscriptions, says that they refer to " two 
brothers, who were lairds of Dalfad, of the 
name of M'Gregor or Grierson, and who were 
descendants of the wild M'Gregors who, in 
the reign of Charles I., were such a scourge to 
the neighbouring lowlands." John was the 
immediate ancestor of the family that mus- 
tered themselves and dependants, twenty-four 
strong, on the Haughs of Dalfad to march to 
Culloden, of whom, it is said, only six re- 
turned to tell of the slaughter of their com- 
panions. 

It appears from the Poll Book of 1696 that 
Malcolm M'Greger was then proprietor of 
Dalfad, and that he also represented the heirs 
of Duncan M'Greger for the lands of Ardochie. 
There were no fewer than eleven tenants and 
servants upon the property who bore the 
name of M'Gregor ; and in a List of Papists, 
which was given in to the Presbytery of Kin- 
cardine O'Neil in 1 704, many interesting 
notices are given of the Griersons, alias 
M'Gregors of Glengairn. 

One of them, Calam of Baladar (Ballater), 
is reported to have built a chapel for the 
Papists, and to have " erected a very high 
crucifix on a little hill near to his house, to be 
adored by all the neighbourhood." He had 
four children, one of whom was educated for 



168 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



the priesthood at " Dwi Colledge ;" and it is 
stated that his father's "visible fortune," esti- 
mated at 500 merks yearly, is much "ad- 
judged upon decreits obtained against him for 
robing the Laird of Glenkindie's house, and 
other suchlike barbarities." " Only," adds 
the reporter, " he makes a considerable deal of 
money yearly by black mail, extorted by him 
from several low country parishes, such as 
Fordoun, Strathane, Fettercarn, &c., under 
pretence of protecting them." At the time 
referred to there were in Glengairn 48 papists 
and apostates in Calam Grierson's own inte- 
rest, 18 in Lord Aboyne's, 26 in the Laird of 
Drum's, and 10 in that of James M'Andrew, 
in Einalone, " a small heritor and leat apos- 
tate." (Blackhal's Narrative, xxx.-iii.) 

About four miles above Dalfad is the burial 
place of the Macdonald's of 

iiiinratan. 

It occupies a height about half-a-mile west 
from the old mansion-house ; contains about 
half-an-acre of ground ; is enclosed by a stone 
wall ; and surrounded by larch trees. Near 
the centre is a square vault with two tomb- 
stones. One slab is built into, the other 
batted upon, the west and outer wall of the 
vault, and each is inscribed as follows : — 

Within this Tomb is laid the remains of Jas. 
Macdonald, Esq. of Rineten, who died the 9th 
of May, 1776, aged 63. Likewise of Helen 
Grakt of Tulloch, his wife, and of several of 
their Descendants. 

— Mrs. M. was of the Grants of Tulloch, in 
Strathspey, and the next inscription relates to 
her daughter : — 

Within this sanctuary are deposited the mortal 
remains of Christian, the wife of Lieut. John 
Farquharson of 76"' Regt., and eldest daughter of 
James M'Donald of Rineten, Esq'. She de- 
parted this life on the 29"' of Aug. 1781, in the 
49"" year of her age, leaving one sou and one 
daughter. This stone is erected to her memory 
by her son Colonel Farquharson of the 25"" 
Regiment. 



— The Macdonalds of Eineatan C? the juniper 
strath) claim descent from those of Carra- 
gach and Keppoch, the first of whom is said 
to have been the third son of John, Lord of 
the Isles. According to a Pedigree of the 
Macdonald's of Eineatan (MS.) that property 
was granted to them by the Eaid of Mar, 
about, or soon after the battle of Harlaw, 
at which Macdonald was taken a prisoner. 

Towards the close of the seventeenth cen- 
tury, when Eineatan was owned by Wni. 
M'Donald, it was valued at X22 4s. 4d. 
Scots. He was married, and employed one 
male and two female servants. He owned 
Muress (Micras) at the same time, and John 
M'Donald, one of six householders there, was 
probably related to the laird, since he is 
described in the Poll Book as " classing him- 
self as a gentleman." 

William Macdonald of 1696, was possibly 
the father of James of Eineatan, who married 
Helen Grant, and died in 1776. Besides 
Mrs. Farquharson, the latter had a family of 
at least three sons, William, who succeeded 
to Eineatan, John, who was a captain, and 

, a chaplain, both in the army. The 

second son, who died at Eineatan about 1822, 
was buried in the family tomb, and although 
there is no monument to his memory he is 
said to have distinguished himself in the 
American War. He owned the small property 
of Gairnsdale, near Micras, but resided at 
Eineatan along with his younger brother, the 
chaplain, of whom some good stories are still 
told in the district. 

The eldest brother, William, wlio married 
a daughter of Kinloch of Kih-y, bought the 
estate of St. ]\Iartins about 1750. He was 
one of the founders of, and the first secretary 
to, the Highland and Agricultural Society 
of Scotland, at whose request his portrait 
was painted by Sir H. Eaeburn, in 1803. 
Mr. ItL, who was a Writer to the Signet, died 



GLENOAIRN. 



169 



at Edin., 17tli ilay, 1814. He was succeeded 
by his son, William, who sold Eineatan to 
Mr. Farquharsoii of Iiivercauld. He married 
a daughter of Sir W. Miller, Bart., Lord 
Glenlee, but having no surviving issue, was 
succeeded, in 1841, by his cousin. Col. Mac- 
donald of St. Martins and Eossie, who mar- 
ried a daughter of Lord Lurgan, by whom he 
has issue, four sons and two daughters. 

The second tablet was probably erected 
betvveen the years 1814-17, when "J. Farqu- 
harson" was Lieut.-Col. of the 25th Foot. His 
ancestors were lairds of Eochalzie, in Perth- 
shire, and, through the marriage of Lieut. Far- 
quharson with Miss Macdonald of Eineatan, it 
is believed that both families are no^v repre- 
sented by Col. Macdonald, who still possesses 
the Perthshire estate. Col. Macdonald's fa- 
ther, who died as General Farqidiarson, and 
Governor of St. Lucia, married Eebecca, 
daughter and co-heiress of Sir Geo. Colquhoun, 
Bart, of that Ilk, which family is now repre- 
sented by Col. Macdonald. 

A perpetual and exclusive right to the 
burial-ground of Eineatan is said to have been 
secured to the !Macdonalds on the payment of 
the nominal feu-duty of IJd. a-year. 

A large grave or mound (about 3 feet broad 
by about 6 feet long) on the east side of the 
Macdonald tomb, covers the ashes of a school- 
master of the name of Cumine. He was long 
teacher at Lynagoil, and died at AberarJer, 
from fifty to sixty years ago. He is said to 
have belonged to Strathspey, and being much 
attached to the jMacdonalds, was interred here 
by his own particular desire. 

This is the only adult burial of other than 
JIacdonalds that is known to have been made 
at Eineatan, but a number of children lie in 
various parts of the enclosure, the graces of 
two of whom, buried in 1876, near the 
west end of Cumine's tomb, are each covered 
with three rude undressed boulders, the 



largest stone being at the head, and the 
smallest at the feet. 

The Cossack Burn, a tributary of the Gairn, 
runs through the glen, and past the mansion- 
house of Eineatan, which is a building of two 
storej's, and possibly from eighty to a hundred 
years old. Although the outhouses are ruin- 
ous, enough remains to show that the house 
of Eineatau had been a good specimen of a 
highland " place" of the period to which it 
belongs. Invercauld still owns the property, 
but the shootings being leased by the Eoyal 
Family, the house is now occupied by one of 
her Majesty's gamekeepers. 



Traces of a Eoman road, which went from 
the Craigs of Ballater in a northerly direction 
to Corgarff on the Don, were to be seen to- 
wards the close of the last century, and were 
particularly noticeable between Gairnwater 
and Altdowrie (?Alduiscan) in this district, 
and at the Well of Glaschoil near Corgarff 
(Chalmers' Caled., i. 150). 

A bridge crosses the north Deeside turn- 
pike near the old kirk of Glengairn, and a 
road a little to the north-west, leads to Strath- 
don and Tomintoul by Gairnshiel, where 
there are a picturesque stone bridge, and a 
shooting lodge. The latter was built by Mr. 
Garden of Troup — hence the name " Garden's 
Shiel." He also erected a cairn or pyramid 
upon the Craig of Tulloch, to the north-west of 
the lodge, in memory of the Eight Hon. Ch.^s. 
J.MIES Fox, M.P., who died in 1806. A con- 
siderable portion of the cairn still exists, and 
a great demonstration took place on its being 
finished. In an Ode upon the subject, which 
occurs in a vol. of poems, by Wm. Edwards, 
gardener, Dalgety (72 pp., Aberd., 1810) is 
the following allusion to the erector ; — • 



170 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



Long may the Founder live, with plenty cro\TO'd, 
And share the joy he gen'rous spreads around, 

To soothe distress, 

The poor to bless. 
May Garden pass through life w-ithout a sigh, 
And late, late ascend on high. 

The quoad sacra church of Glengairn, a 
plain building, is situated about seven miles 
from Ballater. 

Remains of the old bridge of Gairn are to 
the north of the new bridge. A little to the 
north-east, upon the farm of Abergairn, a lead 
mine recently opened, is now being worked 
by Cornish miners, and the skilled in such 
matters believe the speculation will turn out 
to be a remunerative one. 

[Insc. of Glengairn compd. by Mr. Riach, registrar.] 



/kWWV^VV 



jforgue. 



(S. MARGARET, QUEEN OF SCOTLAND?) 

THE parish of Forgue, as presently consti- 
tuted, appears to bo made up of two old 
ecclesiastical districts — Fair/ or Forrig and 
Ferendracht. Although the site of the latter 
church is now unknown, it seems probable 
that Frendraught, where the chief or proprie- 
tor of the district resided, had been the earlier 
of the two, and had merged into the more 
modern one of Forgue, in which district, at 
Bognie, there was also a chapel in early times. 

Forgue and Frendraught were spoken of as 
separate parishes so late as 1699, when Theo- 
dore Morison of Bognie was retoured heir to 
his father, in the towns and lands of Bognies, 
Pennieburne, Conzies, and Pitfancie, with the 
mill and teinds, third part of Foggie Moss — ■ 
" omnibus in parochia de Frendraught et 
parochia de Forgue" — the dominical lands of 
Frendraught, &c. 

Both churches were within the diocese of 



Aberdeen, and the patronage belonged to the 
Abbey of .Arbroath, to which monastery that of 
Frendraught was given by William of Fren- 
draught, knight, about the middle of the 13th 
century. 

There is no mention of the church of Fren- 
draught in the Old Taxation, but that of 
Forgue is variously rated in three different 
copies (Theiner ; Archaeol., xvii. ; Eeg. Vet. 
de Aberb.) 

Michael of Ferendrach, who is a witness to 
charters by King William the Lion, and Gil- 
christ, Earl of Mar, 1203-14, is possibly the 
first recorded of his name. Some of his 
successors swore fealty to Edward I., and 
the family De Ferendracht appear to have 
flourished in the male line and in the district 
until about 1322, when James Fraser, in 
Aberdeen, and Margaret of Ferendraucht had 
a dispensation from the Pope for their mar- 
riage, they being within the prohibited de- 
grees of affinity. Eobert I. gave Gilbert Hay 
of Locherward the lands of Auchenfichlach 
and others, wliich belonged to Duncan Fren- 
draucht, knight, and in 1404 Henry, one of 
the same family, possessed the lands of Little 
Keithock. near Cupar-Angus. 

James Fraser, who was lord of Frendraught 
in 1 402, and made certain gifts to the Abbey 
of Melrose, was possibly the last of the 
Erasers, and father of Maulde, who became 
the wife of Alexander Dunbar, second son of 
John, Earl of Moray, and his wife Princess 
Marjory. Alexander Dunbar " of Fren- 
draught" had an only sou by this marriage, 
who married a daughter of the first Earl of 
Huntly. He succeeded his cousin in the Earl- 
dom of Moray, and dying about 1430, left two 
coheiresses, the elder of whom married Sir 
James Crichton, and the younger a son of the 
Earl of Douglas. 

Sir James Crichton of Frendraught was 
made Great Chamberlain of Scotland in 1440, 



FORGUE. 



171 



and continued in office until 1453 (Crawford's 
Off. State). In 1451 he was Captain of the 
Castle of Kildrummy under the King, with 
an annual salary of £100 Soots, and at the 
same time he tenanted the two Eoyal granges 
of Kildrummy and Migvie, for which he paid 
£20. Alex. Crichton was Constable and 
Master of Works of the Castle of Kildrummy 
in the same year, when he paid the sum of 
£13 6s. 8d. for work done upon the castle 
(Chamberlain Rolls). 

Lady Janet Dunbar had three sons by 
Sir James, second Lord Crichton, all of whom 
were attainted in 1483-4, for espousing the 
cause of the Duke of Albany. The eldest son, 
who succeeded as third Lord Crichton, mar- 
ried a daughter of James II., and left a son and 
daughter. The latter married the Earl of 
Eothes, and the former, on the resignation of 
his grandmother, had charters of the barony of 
Frendraught, Ifov. 22, 1493 (Doug. Peerage). 
It was in this laird's time that James Y. 
visited Frendraught, on which occasion, 13th 
Nov., 1535, he granted a charter of the barony 
of Frendraught and Inverkeithney, and lands 
in Perthshire, " predilecto familiari seruitori," 
Sir James Crichton, on his own resignation, 
whom failing to a series of heirs. A grandson 
of Sir James's, who married a daughter of the 
Earl of Sutherland, presented the church of 
Forgue with two silver basin-shaped com- 
munion cups, which bear the same hall-mark 
(the Castle) flanked by the initials " TK . G," 
as the plate of the High Church, Edinburgh. 
One of the Forgue cups bears : — 

GIFTIT • TO • GOD • AND • HIS ■ CHVRCH • 
BE ■ lAMES • CREIGHTOVN • OF ■ FRENDRA- 
VEHT • TO • THE • KIRK • OF • FORRIG * 1633. 

— It was the donor of this cup who, in Janu- 
ary, 1630, killed Gordon of Piothiemay, and 
also mortally wounded Gordon of Lesmore, for 
which, in name of assythment or blood-money, 



as arranged by the Marquis of Huntly, Crich- 
ton paid a large sum to the relatives of the 
former. Crichton soon again got himself into 
another difficulty, one of his party having 
seriously wounded a son of Leslie of Pitcaple. 
The ^Marquis of Huntly was asked by Crich- 
ton to arbitrate in this matter also, but Leslie 
declined to enter into any agreement until he 
saw what might be the effect of the wound ; 
and being also displeased with the view which 
the ]Marquis took of the matter, he rode off, 
threatening to assemble his followers and in- 
tercept Crichtou's return from the Bog of 
Gycht. Aware of this, and in the hope of 
saving Crichton from falling into the hands of 
his enemies, the Marquis sent his own son, 
Viscount Melgund, Gordon of Eothiema}^, and 
six followers, as an escort home with Fren- 
draught. 

The party accomplished tlieir journey in 
safety, and the Gordons, having been impor- 
tuned by the Crichtons to stay at Frendraught 
for the night, agreed to do so, but the former, 
who were lodged in different parts of the 
tower, had not been long in bed when they 
were aroused by fire breaking out in their 
apartments, and Viscount Melgund, Gordon of 
Rothiemay, also four of their followers, two 
of them having escaped, perished in the 
flames. The ballad of the " Fire of Fren- 
draught" clearly points to a conspiracy which 
appears to have been entered into between the 
laird and lady of Frendraught against the 
Gordons, owing, as some think, to the large 
amount of " blood money" which Huntly 
awarded for the murder of Rothiemay's father. 
It is told that Melgund found his way to 
Rothiemay's room, and on the latter calling 
from " the wire-window" for "Mercy," Lady 
Frendraught loudly replied : — 

It were great pity for good Lord John 

But none for Rothiemay ; 
But the keys are casten in the deep draw-well, 

Ye cannot get away. 



172 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



Spalding — in whoso History of the Troubles 
(Spalding Club edition) is the best account of 
the burning — says that " the ashes and brynt 
bones" of the victims were gathered by the 
Gordons and buried at the kirk of Gartly 
(Epitaphs, i. 43). 

Enquiry having been made as to the origin 
of the fire, it was found that it could only 
have originated from within the house, and 
" of set purpose." Still, both Crichton and 
his lady contrived to keep themselves clear of 
it, and suspicion having fallen upon John 
Meldrum, an old servant of Crichton's, and 
who afterwards married a daughter of Leslie 
of Pitcaple, lie was tried and condemned, 
although there was notliing to prove his con- 
nection with the affair, or to show that he was 
in the house at the time of the fire. It was 
known that he had no good feeling towards 
Crichton, and it was also averred that he made 
some such remark on the previous evening as 
" that Freidret would be burnt before the 
next morning." Whether justly or otherwise 
— for the true state of the affair is likely to 
remain a mystery — Meldrum was condemned, 
and executed at Edinburgh in August, 1631, 
the burning having occurred in the previous 
October. 

The last-named Crichton was heir male of 
the famous Lord Chancellor of that name, in 
consideration of which his son was created, in 
1642, Lord Crichton and Viscount Fren- 
draught. The Viscount, who was a brave, 
courageous man, followed Montrose in all his 
enterprises, and aided him in making his 
escape at Inchcarron, in 1650; but having 
been himself taken prisoner, historians remark 
that to escape public vengeance his lordship 
chose a Eoman death. 

It was the second Viscount who gave a 
silver bread plate to the kirk of Forgue. It is 
about 13 inches in diameter, and upon a boss 
in the centre are the Oricbtctn arms and 



motto — GOD SEND GRACE. The lip of the 
plate is thus inscribed :— 

GIFTED • TO • GOD • AND • TO • HIS • 
CHVKCH • OF • FORGVE • BY • lAMES ■ 
VISCOVNT • OF • FRENDRAVGHT • LORD • 
CRICHTOVNE. 

In addition to the communion plate, there 
are a silver chalice and paten, iipon which, 
within a circle surrounded by a halo or glory, 
are a cross, the sacred monogram I.H.S., also 
the symbol of Our Saviour's pierced heart, with 
three passion nails. 

These relics, of which an account was read 
by the late Dr. Stuart to the Society of Anti- 
quaries, in 1873, were put into a state of ex- 
cellent preservation by the late Mr. Morison 
of Bognie, shortly before his death. They are 
now in the hands of the parish minister, and 
the following notice of the custody of the old 
plate by Lady Frendraught, and of some 
pieces now lost, occurs in the Session records, 
under the date of 6th September, 1680 : — 

The s* (lay Mr George Garden presented to the 
minister and elders of the Session ane ticket of y' 
Viscountess of frendraught q'"ein shoe declares y' shoe 
hade received from him, in trust and keeping, ane 
silver basin, and two silver cups belonging to the 
church of forgue, together also wt two communion 
table clothes, w' two little barrels for holdin the com- 
munion wine, and also a silver challes and patine, 
gifted by the lait Viscount of frendraught, q'^'' ticket 
the s<i Mr George is to keep till these things be 
delivered to the mitf and elders. 

— The " Viscountess" was the wife of the 
second Viscount Frendraught, and a daughter 
of Sir Thomas Urquhart of Cromarty. Slie 
was previously married to Lord Rutherford, 
and by her second husband had a son who be- 
came the third Viscount Frendraught, but 
dying young, he was succeeded in the title by 
his uncle Lewis, who was attainted in 1690. 
The Viscountess, who married George Mori- 
son of Bognie, as her third husband, conveyed 
the estates of Frendraught to him on the death 
of her son in 1678 ; and having, according to 
Douglas (P«6raga, i. 613), Tjothb a son t& 



FORGVE. 



173 



Morison in her old age, she called him Theo- 
dore, "Gift of God." But the Poll Book 
shows that, in addition to a son, she had also 
two daughters, Susanna and Elizabeth, who 
were botli charged poll, along with their father 
and mother, the latter being styled " My lady 
duager of Frendraught his [Morison's] lady." 
There are several inscribed tablets within 
an enclosure in the churchyard, which formed 
the north aisle of the old kirk. Two of these 
are copies in granite, the originals having been 
removed by the lato Mr. Morison to the Epis- 
copal Church of S. Margaret's (infra, 180). 
Other two tablets, within the aisle, are respec- 
tively inscribed : — 

In memory of two Sous and three Daughters 
of the late John Forbes of Boyndlie, and 
Katharine Morison, his wife, who all died 
yoimg, and are here interred. This stone is 
erected by their affectionate mother, 1827. 

[2.] 
In memory of Magdaline Morison, widow 
of the late John Shackleton, Esq., and youngest 
daughter of the late Alex. Morison, Esq. of 
Bognie, who died at Banff, 24 March 18.53, in 
the 82d year of her age. Also of Mary, his 
4th daughter, who died at Glenbogie Cottage, 
28 Oct. 1859, in the 85th year of her age. 

Another monument, at one time within the 
kirk, now encased in a portion of the belfrj"^, 
presents a shield charged with the Garden 
arms (a boar's head in chief, and three cross- 
croslets in base), with the motto, Xvexov Kal 
oTrexo" (Bear, forbear). Below is this inscrip- 
tion carved upon Portsoy marble : — 

MS. ALKXANDER garden in coll. REG. ABERD. 
PH. QDA. PR. ECCL. DEIN FORO PASTOR INTEQERRIm' 
TOTO VIT.E INSTITUTO SANCT' ET SEVEr' QUADRAT' 
UNDIQ', DEO, ECC, SIBI, COSTANS. EX SCORBUTO 
TANDEM, QUEM ASSIDUIS STUDENDI ET CONCION- 
ANDI LABORIB', CONTRAXIT, ^EGER DECUBUIT ET 
APUD HANC ECCL'. UBI PR. 30 AN. MUNERE SACRO 
EUNCT' EST MORTALITATIS EXUVIAS IN SPE BEAT-S 
RESURRECTIONIS PIE DEPOSUIT MENSIS MART' D. 
9 A.D. 1674, act' 63. M.P. C0>'JU}.'X M.ESTIS8IMA 
IS. MIDI,ETO>,. 



[Sacred to the memory of A. Garden, sometime 
professor of philosophy in King's College, Aber- 
deen, afterwards the most exemplary minister of 
the church of Forgue ; in his whole manner of 
life pious, strict, and blameless — faithful to God, 
the Chm-ch, and himself. He was at last pros- 
trated by scrofula brought on by his incessant 
labour in studying and preaching, and in this 
church, where he had officiated as minister for 
30 yea re, he piously deposited his mortal remains, 
in the hope of a happy resurrection, 9th March, 
1674, in the 63'' year of his age. His disconso- 
late spouse Is. Midletou erected this monument 
to his memory.] 

— Having had " his bigging and manse all 
destroyed by fyre done hy the rebels, and 
since that aftener nor anes it has bene 
plundered in latter rebelliousnes and insur- 
rectiones," his successor was bound to give him 
or his heirs, at the time of demission or death, 
" satisfaction for the whole biggings," according 
to then- worth and value. Mr. Garden con- 
tributed £26 13s. 4d. Scots, towards tlie 
erection of the new buildings of King's College, 
in 1658. His widow was alive in 1696 ; and 
a son. Dr. James, became Professor of Divinity 
in King's College, Aberdeen (Scott's Fasti). 

It is said that a stone, dated 1638, was 
found in some part of the last church. It 
possibly had reference to the building of the 
church of the time of Mr. Garden and his 
predecessor, Mr. Douglass, the latter of whom 
was minister when the " Fire of Frendraught" 
occurred. The old kirk contained a number 
of carved panels, the inscriptions from some 
of which (Old Stat. Acct.), were as follows : — 

GOD SEND GRACE WITHOUT FEAR. 
PATIENCE OVERCOMMIS TIKANNT. 
O PASSI GBAVIOEA ! DABIT DEUS HIS QUOQUE FINE5I. 
[O ye who through more grievous ills have past, 
From these, too, God will grant relief at last.] 

DECS NOBISCUM, Ql'IS CONTRA ? 

[If God be with us, who cau be against us ?] 

CUM OMNIBUS PACEM, AUVKRSUS VITIA BELLUM. 

[With all men study peace, 'gainst vice wage cease- 
less war.] 

The present church of Forgue was erected 
in 1819. It stands within the burial place, a 



174 



EPITAPH 8, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



little to the north of the site of the old kirk, 
and although it cannot boast of much archi- 
tectural beauty, it contains an organ, which 
bears to have been " Gifted to God and his 
Church of Forgue, by Walter Scott, Glen- 
drouach, 1872." We believe Mr. Scott has 
also presented a stained glass window to the 
church of his native parish of Polmont, in 
Stirlingsliire. 

A flat stone (enclosed) in the churchyard, 
said to be upon the site of the old pulpit, bears 
this inscription : — 

Here lyes Thomas Forbes, son to Mr. Alex- 
ander Forbes, minister at Forgue, who died the 
last day of Feb., 1733, in the 4th year of his age. 
Also Katharine Garden, s]>ouse to said Mr. 
Forbes, who died Sep. 7, 174G, aged 48 years ; 
and the said Mr. Alexander Forbes, who was 
admitted minister at Forgue, 11th Sep. 1716, 
died 7tli May, 1758, in the 69th year of his age 
and 42nd of his ministry. 

— He was the first minister who succeeded to 
the kirk of Forgue after the overthrow of 
Episcopacy, and his settlement was so strongly 
opposed that his ordination took place at 
Auohterless. He died much respected, and 
was succeeded by ]\Ir. Geo. Abercrombie, pre- 
viously of Footdee, afterwards of the second 
charge (New East Church) of Aberdeen, and 
father of the late celebrated Dr. John Aber- 
crombie, of Edinburgh. On a plain head- 
stone in N.E. corner of burial-ground is the 
following inscription : — 

Here rest the mortal remains of the Rev. 
Alexander Allardyce, who waa 30 years 
minister of this parish, and departed this life 
suddenly on the 2nd of June, 1833, aged 57. 

— Mr. Allardyce, who died of gout in the 
stomach, was the son of a medical practitioner 
in Banff, and his widow, Ann Blair, who 
died at Cromarty in 1857, possessed consider- 
able poetical talent. She wrote, among other 
pieces. Lines on the Death of Jane, Duchess 
of Gordon, beginning " Fair in Kinrara 
blooms the rose," also the words to a piece of 



music, entitled " A Waterloo Waltz," and an 
Answer to Lord Byron's " Fare thee well." 
These pieces have all been much admired, 
particularly the last, and the first has been 
erroneously attributed to her husband, who, 
as stated by his eldest daughter (who has 
kindly furnLshed us with these interesting 
notes), " never wrote any lines." Mrs. Allar- 
dyce was also authoress of a jjoem in the 
Aberdeenshire dialect, entitled " The Gude- 
wife at Home" (Abd., 1867), likewise of a 
monograph — " Aberdoniana : Footdee in the 
last century" (Abd., 1872)— which contains 
some curious notices of the manners and cus- 
toms of that place during the early life of the 
writer. 

Born at Eyemouth in 1777, she was re- 
moved while a child to Footdee, where she 
resided until the death of her father, who was 
an officer in the Coastguard. He died in 1801, 
and soon thereafter she was married, and went 
to Forgue. After the death of her husband 
she went to Cromarty, and lived in a house 
which had been bequeathed to her by her 
cousin. Col. David Gordon. She had two 
sons and five daughters by Mr. Allardyce, and 
the former both left Forgue in 1821, James, the 
elder, for India, and William for Australia. 
The latter died abroad, but his brother came 
home finally in 1858, having attained the 
rank of Lieut.-General in the Indian Army, 
and died at Eamsgate in 1862. Although 
only one of her daughters (the second) was 
married, Mrs. Allardyce saw before her death 
four f/rert^grand children, whose number now 
amounts to thirty, and one of whom is married 
in Melbourne. Her eldest grand-daughter 
married Mr. Kenneth j\Iurray, F.S.A. Scot., 
the well-known proprietor of Geanies, in Eoss- 
shire, who died suddenly at Dunrobin, in 1876, 
while on a visit to the Duke of Sutherland. 

Mr. Allardyce's successor, Mr. James Cor- 
DiNEE, was previously schoolmaster at Gartly, 



FORGUE. 



175 



and died in 1849, aged 63. He was succeeded 
by Mr. John Abel, who died in 1871, aged 
48, and to whose memory the parishioners have 
erected a monument. He was succeeded by 
the present minister, Mr. Brebner, who was 
translated from Ythan Wells, to whose kind- 
ness, and to that of the Eev. Mr. Lippe, 
schoolmaster, we are indebted for many 
particulars in this notice. 

Upon the face and end respectively of an 
ornamental table-shaped stone : — 

This stone is erected by Mr. Eobert Shand in 
Conlaud, in memory of Agnes LiTTLE,yonN, his 
mother, who died May 19, 1741, aMd 46 years. 
As also in memory of George Shasd, his father, 
sometime iu Parkdargue, who died April 7, 1772, 
in the 84th year of liis age. 

And of Elizabeth Alexander, wife to the 
said Eobert Shand. Slie died 31st March, 1818, 
aged 85. 

Upon a monument in a line with the east 
dyke of the kirkyard : — 

Sacred to the memory of Alexander Shand, 
second son of George Shand and Agues Little- 
johu, in Parkdargue, Colonel of the Koyal Eegi- 
ment of Artillery, who died 7th April 1803, aged 
72 years, and was buried in this churchyard. 
— The next three inscriptions are from slabs 
inserted into the south, east, and west sides 
of an obelisk upon the hill of Templeland, 
a property now worth about £400 a-yoar, 
which was acc^uired by Colonel Shand some- 
time before his death : — 

To the memory of Alexander Shand, Second 
Son of George Shand and Agnes Littlejohn, in 
ParMaryue ; Colonel of the Eoyal Eegiment of 
Artillery ; who died on the 7th of April, 1803, 
aged 72 Years. 

[2.] 

Colonel Alexander Shand, to whom this 
pyramid is erected, was a striking Instance of 
the Efficacy of strong natural Powers and 
vigorous pei-severance. His Parents soon learned 
to appreciate his Genius, & bestowed upon him 
so liberal an Education that during several of 
the early Yeai-s of his Life, he was himself 
enabled to act as an Instructor of Youth. The 



natural Bias of his Mind, however, sjieedily 
became too powerful to permit him to rest in 
the Obscurity to which Circumstances seemed to 
have consigned him, and some time previous to 
the Year 1760, he entered as a Private in the 
Eoyal Eegiment of Artillery — soon thereafter 
became a non-commissioned Officer, & was 
promoted by HLs Majesty to the rank of 
Lieutenant Fireworker, iu which Capacity he 
gallantly distinguished himself in several Actions 
in Germany, and received a severe Gun-shot 
"Wound iu the Foot at the Battle of Corbach, on 
the 10th of July, 1760. He was also woimded 
at Braudywine Eiver, in America, on the 11th 
of September, 1777. His Services at Gibraltar 
were held in high Estimation during the memor- 
able Siege of that Fortress in the Years 1780, 
1781, 1782, under the Command of the Right 
Hon. Lord Heathfield, whose Confidence and 
Eegard he enjoyed in an eminent Degree ; and 
having thus, dm-ing a long Course of Years, 
signalized himself in the Service of his Country, 
and attained to the Eank of Colonel, this gallaut 
Soldier died on his Estate of Templeland, and 
was buried in the Churchyard of this Parish. 

[3.] 

The Merits and Character of Colonel Shand 
may be sufficiently traced in the History of his 
Life. Entering into the World destitute of 
Friends, of Fortune, and of Influence, he quitted 
it rich in the Possession of them all. His 
Perceptions were clear, his Judgment sound, his 
Information extensive, his Courage calm, and 
his Integrity spotless. The Toils of his early 
Years, and the Perils that marked the Meridian 
of his Life, were rewarded at its Close by an 
honourable Competence, and the Eecollection of 
a Life devoted to his King and his Covmtry. 
In his Death he has bequeathed this useful 
Lesson to Posterity — that the most formidable 
Obstacles disappear before Vigour and Pereever- 
ance, and that, in this Laud of genuine Freedom, 
the highest Stations are equally accessible to 
Talent and to Yutue, as to Eiches or high 
Descent. 

— There was another panel upon the north 
side which is said to have been clandestinely 
removed by a " drouthy neebor," and sold for 
a hearthstone to " mine host" at the Clachan 
of Hawkhall I Part of it still forms a step to 
an adjoining cottage garden. 

Col. Shand devoted much of the leisure of 
his latter days to the study of antiquities, and 



Vi 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



was the first to discover " the great Eoman 
camp at Glenmailen, near the source of the 
Ythan," of which he wrote an account to the 
Society of Autiquaries of Perth, in 1788 
(Proceed So. Ant. Scot., vii.) From a tomb- 
stone, to the south-west of the kirk : — 

In memory of the Rev. Alex. Shand, pastor 
of the Episcopal Chapel at Arradoul, parish of 
Bathven, for upwartls of 45 years, who died lOtli 
Nov. 1834, in the 70th year of his age, and 49th 
of his ministry. Helex Shand, died at Boyns- 
mill, 4th May 1853, aged 85, relict of the late 
John Sharp, in Templand, and sister of the 
above ReV". Alex. Shand. 

— ifrs. J. Sharp was a cousin of Col. Shand's, 
and her son, who assumed the name of Shand, 
succeeded to Templeland. He died in 1873, 
aged 72, and his third and last surviving 
daughter brought the estate to Dr. Smitli- 
Shand, professor of the Practice of Medicine 
in the University of Aberdeen. 

Shand was a common surname in Forgue 
during the 17th century, there being, in 1696, 
no fewer than seven heads of families of that 
name, one of whom was tenant of Kirkton, 
and four were shoemakers. Egbert Shaxd, 
who also practised " the gentle craft," and who 
is described (Scots Maga.) as the "most ex- 
traordinary pedestrian of this pedestrian age," 
was probably a descendant of some one of the 
latter. He long carried the mails between 
Forgue and Huntly, always three times a- 
week, som"times oftener, and is said to have 
performed the journey, out and in (over 14 
miles), in less than four hours. He died at Bog- 
nie, 21st Feb., 1814, aged 86, and it is told 
that, only the year before his death he offered, 
for a bet of 20s., to walk to Aberdeen and 
back — a distance of some 70 miles — within 
twenty-four hours ! 

It is said that in old times, " all the Shands 
in Forgue could count kin." There are various 
theories as to the origin of the name. But 
probably since the Gaelic word shan signifies 



anything " old," the surname may be derived 
from the words, SHAN-Di«'?je, " an old man." 
It would have been applicable in this sense to 
a person or family remarkable for longevity, or 
more probably, to the owners or occupiers of 
places of some such names as Shanval, the 
old town, or Simmies, the old burn. 

Shand was also a burgess name in Aberdeen 
during the 1 7th century, and towards its close 
William Shand was served heir to his father, 
Thomas of Craigie (Inq. Gen.) Sir C. F. 
Shand, K.B., Chief Justice of the Mauritius, 
and his brother, the Eev. George Shand, rector 
of Heydon, Norfolk, both bear the arms of 
the Craigie family. The latter has com- 
piled some interesting " Notices on the Sur- 
name of Shand" (Epitaphs, i. 135, 311). 

The next two inscriptions are from a monu- 
ment near the south wall of the churchyard : — 

In memory of William Stuart in Boynsmill, 
who died in 1742, aged 76, and Janet Alex- 
ander, his wife ; also of William Stuart, their 
son, who held in lease the farms of Parkdargue, 
Kirktovvn, and Little Forgue, where he died 12th 
Jan., 1784, aged 63. His wife, Helen Cruick- 
SHANK, died 5tli Dec, 1788, aged 76. Of their 
sons, Charles & James, the former died at Place- 
mill, & the latter at Parkdargue, each in his 
33rd year. William Stuart, farmer, Park- 
dargue, died at Drumblair Cottage, 19th April, 
1854, aged 45. His daughter, Robin.\ Eliza, 
died at Little Forgue, 9th April, 1853, aged 
4 years. Elizabeth Thain, his spouse, died at 
Drumblair Cottage, 25th May, 1858, aged 32. 

[2.] 
William Stuart succeeded his father in the 
leases of Kirktown, Parkdargue, and Little 
Forgue, and died at Kirktown, 7th May, 1802, 
in his 61st year. Ann Gordon, his spouse, died 
likewise at Kirktown, 18th Sept., 1819, aged 73. 
Two of their sous, James and George, died in 
early life. Here also are interred the remains of 
Jane Glashan, wife of Robert Stuart of 
Aucharnie, who died at Little Forgue on 6th 
April, 1851, aged 80. And of their sou, James 
Stuart, who died at Cocklaraehie, 19th June, 
1838, aged 28. Robert Stuart, of Aucharnie, 
died at Little Forgue, 3rd Sep., 1855, aged 
74 years. 



FORGUE. 



177 



— John, the last survivor of the family, was 
bred to the law, and began practice in Huntly, 
but soon returned to Aberdeen, where he re- 
mained until 1853, when, through the in- 
fluence of Mr. Patrick Chalmers of Aldbar, 
Professor Cosmo Innes, and Fox (Lord Pan- 
mure), lie received an appointment as a searcher 
ill the Eegister House, Edinburgh. He was 
promoted in 1873 to the office of Principal 
Keeper of the Eegister of Deeds. 

Having sold his paternal estate in 1863, he 
bought Newmills, near Edinburgh, where he 
spent the remainder of his days ; but not 
being strong, he was occasionally absent in 
quest of health, and it was on one of these 
occasions, while at Ambleside, that he died 
somewhat suddenly, on 19th July, 1877. 
His remains were interred in Warriston Ceme- 
tery, Edinburgh, according to the rites of the 
Episcopal Church, of which he was a devoted 
adherent. He was twice married, and by his 
first wife he left two surviving daughters. 

Mr. Stuart, upon whom, some years ago, 
the University of Aberdeen conferred the 
honorary degree of LED., was one of the 
founders of the Spalding Club, and among 
the principal works which he edited for it 
were the Sculptured Stones of Scotland, the 
Book of Deer, &c. Dr. Stuart also edited 
for the late Lord Dalhousie, the Registrum 
de Panmure, one of the most valuable of 
our Eamily Histories ; and wrote many im- 
portant papers for the Society of Antiquaries, 
of which he was an office-bearer from the 
time he removed to Edinburgh. As justly 
remarked in the notice of his death, which 
appeared in the Scotsman—" taking him all 
iu all, the Scottish Society of Antiquaries 
will sadly miss their assiduous and indefati- 
gable Secretary" (Epitaphs, i. 166). 
Upon a marble head-stone (enclosed) : — 

In memory of William Irvine of Corny- 
haugh, who died at Towie, 1st Dec. 1826 



[2 children died young.] Also in memory of 
Mr. Irvine's Ancestors, proprietoi's of Corny- 
haugh, for upwards of 300 years, and interred 

in this spot Margaret Anne 

Irvine, third daughter of William Irvine and 
Martha Findlay, died Nov. 16th, 1870. 

— The Poll Book shows that Eobert Irvine, 
who had three sons and a daughter, was 
" heritor" of Cornyhaugh in 1696. In 1664 
the property was owned by John Gregory of 
ISTetherdale, ancestor of the celebrated mathe- 
matician, and subsequently by Eobert Bisset, 
in Drumdolla, Cornyhaugh has a singularly 
secluded situation on the banks of the Deveron, 
and during the proscription of Episcopacy, it 
was the seat of a meeting-house. Mr. Irvine, 
who was sometime Episcopal clergyman at 
Pennyburn, was of the Cornyhaugh family. 
It was sold by the above-named William, who 
died in 1826. 
Near the Irvine stone, also enclosed : — 

Erected to the memory of Barbara-Alexis 
Forbes, wife of Eobei-t Simpson of Cobairdy, 
who died 9th March 1837, aged 23. 

— ]\Ir. Simpson, who studied for the church, 
is the son of a builder who farmed Crookmore, 
in TuUj'nessle, succeeded to the fortune of 
a maternal uncle, named Brownie, who died 
in America. Mr. S. bought Cobairdy from 
the Trustees of Mr. Morison of Auchintoul, 
and built the present mansion-house. He 
married for his second wife a daughter of 
Provost Carnie of Macduff, and his only son 
by his first marriage is Major of the 72nd 
Highlanders. 

Cobairdy has frequently changed hands. 
It belonged for many years to Murrays, and 
about 1650, to John, afterwards Sir John 
Baird, who was sometime a representative 
elder to the General Assembly. In 1663, it 
was owned by John "Wishart, in the following 
year by Gregory of Netherdale, and in 1696 
it belonged to one Hamilton. At a later 
period it was in the hands of Sir Ernest Gor- 



178 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



don of Park, by 'vvhom the famous cup was 
saved, which is said to have been carried 
away by Calder of Asswanly, from the castle 
of Finhaven, at the time of the battle of 
Brechin in 1452. 
Upon a table-shaped stone : — 

Hie siti sunt cineres Georgii Cruickshank, 
qui agi-i apud Hassiewells quondam cultor, 
decessit, Non Sep. 179.5, anno fetatis 81 mo. Hoc 
desiderii sui monumentum uxor ejus Christina 
Largue, filiique, Johannes et Gulielmus, ille 
academioe Banfiensis magister, liic apud Huuth- 
feam gymnasiarcbus, mrerentes posuere. Re- 
liquiae C'hristian.e Largue, qu;e diem obiit 
supremum 16to. Kal. Apr. 1T97, 70 annos nata, 
proximo in sepulcliro a septentrione conduntur. 
Nam, scio, nostrse geuitor salutis vivit, et terras 
super ille stabit, cum chaos priscum referet 
auprema protinus liora : Quamlibet vermis rapidus 
tenellam et cutim et camera penitus vorarit, 
huuc ego ceruam propriis oceUis, non alienis. 

[Here are laid the ashes of George Cruick- 
shank, late farmer in Hassiewells, who died 5th 
Sep. 1795, in the 81st year of his age. This 
monument of their regret for his loss was erected 
by his sur\d\dng wife Christian Largue, and his 
sons John and William, the fonner a teacher in 
Banff Academy, and the latter schoolmaster at 
Huntly. The remains of Christian Largue, 
who died 17th March 1797, aged 70, are laid in 
the next grave to the north. For I know the 
author of our salvation liveth. and he shall stand 
upon the earth, when the last hour shall bring 
back primeval chaos. Although the busy worm 
shall utterly devour both my tender skin and 
flesh, I shall behold him with mine own eyes, 
and not with another's.] 
From a headstone — - 

lu memory of Susan Cruickshank, who 
resided many years at Haddo, and died at Boyn- 
dlie, 31st July 1822, aged 80. Erected by Mr. 
Forbes' family. 

— She was a native of Forgue, and long a 
nurse in the family of Forbes of Haddo. 
Abridged : — 

Rev. Alexander Smith, minister of the Epis- 
copal Church at Parkdargue, died 25th March, 
1777, aged 63, and in the 36th year of his 
ministry. Erected by his only surviving son, 
Theodore Smith, merchant, Banff. 

The next three inscriptions are from table- 
stones : — 



In memory of William Cruickshank, some- 
time surgeon in the Naval Hospital, Bridgetown, 
Barbadoes, afterwards surgeon to the Royal 
Ai-tillery at Woolwich, Lecturer to the Cadets, 
and Chemist to the Board of Ordnance. He 
died at Leys of Lesseudrum, on the 14th Feb., 
1809, aged 50 years. George Cruickshank, his 
father, who practised physic and s\irgery for 60 
years in this neighbourhood, died at Leys, 7th 
Jan., 1812, aged 85 years. His usefulness will 
be long remembered in the district where he 
practised, by the poor with gratitude, and by 
all with respect. 

In memory also of John, son of Dr. Cruick- 
shank, who died at Huntly, 3 Oct., 1830, aged 
65, esteemed for candour, integrity, and benevo- 
lence. 

[2.] 

To perpetuate the memory of Margaret 
Wood, lawful wife of Alex. Christie, by whom 
she had 8 children, 4 of whom sleep in the same 
dust. She died 16th Aug. 1799, aged 43. She 
was a crown to her husband, and a hedge about 
her family, and now she is in peace. 
— Alex. Christie, farmer, ilaius of Dum- 
muie, died 1846, aged 86. His second " lawful 
wife," Janet George, died in 1831, aged 62. 

[3.] 
In memory of William Cruickshank, lately 
farmer in Milltown of Cobairdy, and fuer in 
Huntly, where he died 1st July 1820, aged 82. 
And of his sister Janet Cruickshank, who died 
at Huntly, 15th March 1827, aged 93. 

A granite headstone bears : — - 

In memory of Alexander Rainy, farmer in 
Placemill, who died 6th July 1830, in the 86th 
year of his age. By a donatiou, which he secured 
on laud, he provided a perpetual annuity of .£20 
sterling for the poor of this parish. Also in 
memory of his wife Jean Alexander, who died 
8th Api-U 1842, in the 93rd year of her age. By 
talents and industry, blessed by Providence, they 
raised themselves from an humble station to 
gi'eat affluence and respectability. 
— The gift referred to is secured upon the 
lands of Glenythan, which were lately sold 
by Mr. Simpson, advocate, Aberdeen, to Mr. 
M'Fie, merchant in Glasgow. 
Upon a slab of Peterhead granite : — 

The burial place of the Rev. Andrew Ritchie, 
of the Episcopal Church, who died 15th Dee. 



FORGUE. 



179 



1846, aged 92. Helen, his wife, died 30tli Nov. 
1833, aged 72. 

From a flat slab : — 

In memory of George Phyn, Esquire of Coi-se 
of Monelly, who died 1788, aged 76 years. Aud 
of Janet Simpsoit, his wife, who died 1780, aged 
72 years. 

— "Alexander Fine, who lives in tlie shire 
of Bainfe," was proprietor of the Corso of 
MoneUyin 1696. Mr. Keith, at Auchrynie, 
kindly informs us that the ahove-named Janet 
Simpson was a daughter of the laird of Con- 
craig, factor to the Earl of Kintore, by his 
wife Elspet, daughter of Gilbert Keith of 
Auquhorsk, in KineUar (Epitaphs, i. 18). 
AYithin an enclosure : — 

Sacred to the memory of JoHS Hexry, Esq. 
of Corae, who died at Corse, June 19, 1850, aged 
81. Also of Charlotte Ross, his wife, who 
died at Corse, 24th May 1850, aged 74. 

— It is said that Henry, while a herd boy, 
allowed a cow to break its leg, and fearing the 
anger of his employer, absconded ! Imitat- 
ing the example of Col. Shand, he enlisted 
in the army, in which he rose to the rank of 
captain. He was twice married, his first 
wife having been a daughter of the Eev. Mr, 
Gordon, Drumblade (Epitaphs, i. 258). 

James Dow, farmer, Cranloch, d. 1857, a. 67 : — 
Oil ye who ran in life's career 

As I have done before, 
Employ well the days that pass, 

Which will retiu-n no more. 
Here lies my Body, now unseen, 

Aud mould'riug in the dust. 
So Death will also visit thee. 

And yield to it you must. 

The only other burial place in Forgue is 
near the farm offices at 

The enclosure forms a square of about 20 
feet, is surrounded by some trees, and within it 
are two tombstones, one of which (table-shaped) 
is to the memory of Capt. George Mokisok, 
of Haddo, who died at Banff, 1st April, 1777. 



This property, a small portion of which, includ- 
ing the mansion-house, lies in Forgue, and the 
rest in Inverkeithny, afterwards came into the 
possession of a branch of the Forbeses, next to 
the Duffs. Nearly thirty years ago it was 
bought from the Trustees of Mr. E, A. Duff, 
by the present proprietor, Jlr. John Forbes, 
who acquired money as a railway contractor 
His father was a farmer in Ferintosh, in Ross- 
shire, and one of his sons, who married a 
daughter of Mr. Kinloch of Park, in Drum- 
oak, is Major of the 78th Highlanders. An- 
other son, farmer of Tochieneal, died a few 
years ago, and a daughter is the wife of Mr. 
Webster, ribbon merchant, London, a son of 
a late farmer of Balfour, in ISIenmuir. A 
carved slab upon the dovecot exhibits a crown 
with a thistle over the top, and below a lion 
rampant, holding a sword with both paws, is 
the date of 1694. 

iSpiscopal orijurcl). 

(? S. MARGARET, QUEEN.) 

IT was in 1795, as shown by the gable 
cross, that the church was erected which 
gave place to the one now in use. The pre- 
sent structure, which was built after plans by 
the late Mr. Eamage, architect, Aberdeen, is 
possibly one of the most chaste specimens of 
church architecture in the north. It is in the 
Early English style, with open timber roof, 
chancel, and side aisles. There is an elegant 
S2)ire on the north-east corner, and a bell, 
dated 1785, originally used at Frendraught as 
a dinner bell, was replaced by a much superior 
instrument, thus inscribed : — 
EX DONO 
ALEXAXDRI MORISOX DE BOGNIE 
ECCLESI.*; S. MAKUARETiE. 
MD.CCCLXXII. 
Sevei-al monuments, stained glass windows, 
and a font, the last-mentioned being of Caen 



180 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



stone, and adorned with representations of tlie 
Four Evangelists, add mnch to the internal 
beauty and interest of the church. 

There is no record of the death of the 
Viscountess of Frendraught upon any of the 
monuments at Forgue ; but the next three 
inscriptions relate to her third husband, 
George Morison of Bognie, to her son Theo- 
dore, and to some other descendants : — 

Within this sepulchre, erected by his desire, 
lies the body of George Morison of Bognie, 
■who died in the year 1699. Here also is 
interred Theodore Morison of Bognie, only 
sou of the said George Morison, who died in 
June, 17(i6, aged 81 years. Also Katharine 
Maitland, daughter of Sir Charles Maitlaud 
of Pitrichie, and spouse of the said Theodore 
Morison, who died in 1743, aged 48 years. 
Here also, lie the remains of Alexander 
Morison of Bognie, sou to the said Theodore 
Morison, who died 16th Sept., 1801, in the 
7Sth year of his age. Also Katharine Duff, 
daughter to John Duff of Cowbin, and spouse 
to the said Alexander Morison, who died 11th 
April, 1803, aged 71. 

This and the adjoining tablet were removed 
from the mausoleum in the churchyard of Forgue, 
and erected in tliis church, by desire of Alex. 
Morison, Esq. of Bognie, A.D. 1859. 

[2.] 
To the memory of Theodore Morison, Esq. 
of Bognie and Mountblairy, who died at Mount- 
blairy on the 9"' Oct. 1834, in the eightieth year 
of his age ; and of his brother, John Morison, 
Esq. of Auchintoul and Bognie, who died at 
Loudon, on the 12"' Feb''!' 1835, in the seventy- 
eighth year of his age. His Remains were 
removed to the Mausoleum at Mountblairy, 
April 1857. 

— John Morison, who acquired money as a 
merchant in Eussia, bought the lands of 
Auchintoul and others in Banffshire, and was 
sometime M.P. for that county. Owing to 
reverses about 1332-3, Auchintoul, &c., were 
sold, and he succeeded his brother in the en- 
tailed estates of Bognie and Frendraught, of 
which he was laird for a few months only. 
His sou and successor, Alexander, who was 



a member of the English bar, but never prac- 
tised, married Miss Duff of Hatton, and 
died in 1874. Leaving no issue, he was suc- 
ceeded in the entailed estates by his cousin, 
Alexander, a son of James Morison, who died 
in 1840; and to the latter, his wife, a son, 
and an elder brother, a marble tablet within 
the church is thus inscribed : — 

[3,] 
To the memory of George Morison, third 
son of Alexander Morison of Bognie, who died 
in London, in 1820. James Morison, fourth 
son of Alexander Morison ■ of Bognie, born 
1770, died in Paris, 3'' May 1840. Ann 
VicToiRE DE Lamarre, daughter of Baron de 
Lamarre of Eemiremont, in Lorraine, France, 
wife of James Morison, born 1786, died 1818. 
De Lamarre Morison, third son of James 
Mofison, born 15"" April 1814, died in London, 
1847. 

— James, who was the fourth and youngest 
son of Alex. Morison and Katharine Duff, be- 
came the celebrated Hygcist, who, in allusion 
to his discovery of the Vegetable Universal 
!RIedicines, speaks as follows : — " Had it 
pleased God to call me out of this world eight 
years ago, I should have died as another man, 
and been forgotten, and the world could 
have reaped no benefit from my case and 
misfortunes, nor from the favourable effects 
produced by the same means upon my chil- 
dren." 

" The Hygeist" studied first at the Uni- 
versity of Aberdeen, afterwards at Hanau, in 
Germany, and following the mercantile pro- 
fession, he was sometime at Riga, and next in the 
West Indies, but continuing to suffer from ill- 
health, he returned to Europe, and settled at 
Bordeaux, about 1814. His son, Alexander, 
is now proprietor of Bognie and Frendraught ; 
and having no issue, his nejDhew, Captain 
Morison, of the Eoyal Scots, is heir-apparent 
to these estates, as well as to Mountblairy, &c. 
He was educated at Sandhurst, entered the 
service in 1860, and married (1869) his own 



FORGUE. 



181 



cousin, Janet-Forbes, daughter of the late Mr. 
Gordon of Newton, Culsamond, by wliom lie 
has issue. 

The finest window (in the east, or cliancel 
end of tlie cliurch) is divided into three lights ; 
that upon the left contains a representation of 
S. Margaret, the patroness, and below is this 
notice of tlie erection of the edifice : — 

•i< THIS CHVRCn WAS EEBVILT CHIEFLY BY ALEX- 
ANDER MORISON OF BOGXIE, DVRING THE INCVM- 
BENCY OF JAMES SMITH, M.A., PRESS., 1857. 

— In the middle, or centre light, Christ is 
represented bearing the cross, and below : — 

An offering by Alexander Forbes, in memory 
of John Forbes, of Boyndiie, and Katherine 
MoRisoN, his wife, being membei-s of this con- 
gregation. The former died, 6th Dec, 1824, the 
latter, 5"* Jauvary, 1832. 

— These were the parents of the late Alex- 
ander Forbes, whose nephew, Dr. George 
Ogilvy-Forbes, late of Aberdeen, is now 
proprietor of Boyndiie. 

lu the south light is the figure of S. 
Andrew, and below is the following : — • 

In memory of Egbert Stvart, wlio died 3rd 
September, 1855, aged 74, and of Jean Glashan, 
Lis wife, who died 6th April, 1851, aged 80, 
botli of Little Foi-gve. ^ An offering by their 
son, John Stvart. 

The west window consists of two lancets 
with trefoil above. In the trefoil is a dove, 
representing the Descent of the Holy Spirit, 
and in the south and north lights are the 
figures of S. Luke and S. John, accompanied 
by the respective texts — " Be followers of 
those who through faith inherit the promise," 
and "For as in Adam all die, even so in 
Christ shall all be made alive." Along the 
whole length of the base of the window : — 

In memoriam : Alexander Morison, Esq', of 
Bof;uie and Mountblairy : bom Jan. 20, 1802, 
died Feb. 1, 1874. 

— So far as we are aware Alexander, who 
was an elder of the church of Forguc in 
1640, is the first recorded Morison "of 



Bognie." James, possibly a brother, was then 
" in Cobardie " (s. Appendix). 

There is a window of two lights on the 
N.E , in ■which are pictures of Christ Charging 
his Disciples and Blessing Little Children. 
Along the base : — 

An Offering by membera of this congregation, 
and of Aberchirder, and other friends, in memory 
of Very Rev. James Smith, M.A., sometime 
Dean of Moray, and for 26 years incvmbeut of 
Forgve and Aberchirder. Born March 25, 1816, 
died Dec. 27, 1867. 

— Mr. Smith was a native of Aberdeen, and 
fell a victim to fever, caught in the discliarge 
of the duties of his sacred office, wliile in- 
cumbent at Lochee, in the diocese of Brechin. 
The subject of one of two lights in the 
north window is the giving of the talents 
(occvpy tiU I come), the other the com- 
mending of the faitlifid servant (well done 
good and faithfvl servant) : — • 

>J< lu Memoriam. 

»J« George Thomson of Boynsmill, 

obiit 15 Ivne, 1867. 

— Mr. T. raised himself from tlie position 
of a journeyman mason to one of high in- 
fluence, and acquired the small property of 
Boynsmill, in his native parish. He was a 
contractor for railways and graving docks, and 
died at Cheltenham. His brother, Peteb, 
who followed the same calling, was also a 
successful and meritorious member of society, 
and died while Mayor of Liverpool. 



Stone circles and tumuli, in or near the 
most of wdiich sepulchral remains have been 
discovered, were pretty common throughout 
the parish until within the last half century, 
but these have mostly disappeared. 

The Eoman camp at GlenmaUen, near the 
source of the Ythan, was, as before stated, 
discovered by Col. Shand of Templeland, in 



182 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



1785-6. It is near Logie Alton, and not far 
from tlie Ee-hill. A j^lan of the camp is 
given by Gen. Eoy (pi. li.), but nothing now 
remains of it. 

The church, manse, school, and offices of 
Ythau Wells are in this part of the pari.sh, 
which was erected into a quoad sacra district 
iu 1869, chiefly through the liberality of the 
late Mr. Morison of Bognie. A neat Free 
Church and manse occupy a commanding 
position about a mUe to the northward. 

A Cottage Hospital, which was erected in 
the same part of the parish, consists of two 
wings which are connected by a verandah. 
This institution, founded in fulfilment of 
Mr. Morison's dying request, is intended to 
provide medical aid and nursing, at a moderate 
rate of payment, for such of the inhabitants 
of the parishes of Forgue, Ythan Wells, 
Auchterless, and Inverkeithney, as may stand 
iu need of these comforts, while suffering 
from disease or accident. Besides being at 
the expense of the building, and of providing 
every requisite needful for such a place, Mrs. 
'Morison has also endowed it with the sum of 
^2000, and entrusted the management to the 
ministers and certain members of the different 
churches in the above parishes. The following 
is upon the front of the building : — 

This Hospital was erected at the desire of Alex- 
ander Morison, Esq. of Bognie and Mountblairy, 
by his sorroiving Widow, 1874. 

In the grounds in front of the Hospital, a 
monument of Aberdeen granite bears : — 

Erected by the Tenants ou Bognie and Mount- 
blauy, in affectionate remembrance of Alex- 
ander Morison, Esq., who was proprietor of 
these estates for thu'tj'-uiue yeare. Born 20 
January, 1802, died 1 February, 1874. 

It ought to have been before stated that, 
in 1574, the churches of Forgue, Culsalmond, 
and Drumblade, were all under the charge of 
Mr. Andrew Spens, as miuister, who had a 



stipend of £60 Scots, and the kirk lands. 
The readership at Forgue, then vacant, was 
valued at £16 Scots. 

Little is known of the readers or school- 
masters of the parish untd 17th Nov. 1650, 
when Mr. John Massie was chosen by the 
miuister (Mr. Garden) and the elders, to act 
as "schoolmaster, precentor, & clerk to y' 
session." An arrangement was then made 
regarding Mr. Massie's emoluments for these 
offices, when, as quaintly stated, " it was 
condeshended, w' consent of y' heritours wad. 
setters, y' y° s'^ jNIr. John should have for his 
payns, tuo peaks of meill and half mark of 
silver of everie plough of y^ parish yeirlie, 
extending in haUl till ten bols meill & fourtie 
merks of silver, besydes y" casualities of 
baptisms & mariages." 

This agreement shows that there were then 
eighty ploughs in the parish ; and as the 
extent of land allotted to each plough was 
about 13 acres, Scotch measurement, there 
could not have been less than 1040 acres 
under cultivation. 

Here, however, as iu many other parts of 
Scotland, the arable land of the parish was 
not all taken advantage of, partly owing to 
the poverty of the husbandmen, and partly 
to a belief in the power of supernatural 
agency. 

The idea of dedicating a piece of land, 
"for luck," as it were, to the Gudeman, alias 
the DevQ, and of allowing it to lie out of 
crop, was carried to such an extent in " Garioch 
and diverse parts of the countrey" that, with 
the view of increasing the supply of food, 
and to crush " the horrible superstitioun," the 
Church memorialised the legislature to take 
steps to compel the tilling of the whole avail- 
able soil of the country (Booke of Univ. 
Kirk, 834). 

Whether Parliament moved in the matter 
is not so certain as that, during the spring of 



RUT EVEN. 



183 



the year in whicli Mr. Massie was appointed 
sclioolmaster, jS^ormand Leslie (1 Irving) and 
James Tuioks in the JNIuirtoun, were both 
charged before the kirk-session with having 
" given away a fauld to y" guidman, as they 
called him " ] Both admitted the charge, and 
" coufcst y' they went to a fauld and jiromesit 
to let it ly oulaboured als lang as they posses- 
sit y'' taikis, and in testificatione y'of they did 
cast some stones in ower y" dyk of y'^ fauld ;" 
also that their object in dedicating the piece of 
land to the "gudeman," was merely " to 
essay if that might be the means to causs there 
beasts to stand," or in other words to live, many 
of their cattle having no doubt fallen victims 
to disease and death from want of proper food 
and shelter. 

The slender remains of the old castle of 
Frendraught adjoin the mansion house, which 
is occasionally occupied by the proprietor. 
" The deep draw-well," into wliich the keys 
of the castle were "casten" at the time of 
the fire in 16-30, had been long lost sight of, 
but being accidentally discovered, some years 
ago, a pump was placed in it, and the site 
is now no longer a matter of doubt. 

The ruins of the castle of Bognie stand in 
a field ujion the south side of the Huntly and 
Banff turnpike road, but according to tradition, 
the house was never inhabited. It shows traces 
of a plain building, and one of such an extent as 
could, if needed, accommodate the goodly 
household of the laird and lady of 1696, 
which, besides themselves, their son, and two 
daughters, included Barbara Morison, a sister 
of the laird's ; Elizabeth Blair, his niece ; and 
Cliristian Eamsay, a niece of the lady's. There 
were also a chaplain, a steward, the laird's 
page, a man-cook, a footman, and a groom, 
likewise a farm grieve, live male and three 
female domestic servants — in all twenty-three 
persons — which bespeaks the importance and 
affluence of the faiuilv at the close of the 



17th century. An older mansion-house stood 
to the south-east of the one referred to, where 
there are fine old trees, the remains of a 
garden, and some houses, upon one of which 
is the date of 16—. 

[Ins. in S. Marjcaret's compil. by Rev. Mr. Temple.] 



B u t tj li c n. 

(S. MALUACK, BISHOP & CONFESSOR.) 

THE church of Rotliuen, its chapel, and 
pertinents, were given by Robert of 
Lundin to the Abbey of Arbroath, at the time 
of its foundation. It was a vicarage in the 
diocese of Dunkeld, and under the name of 
Roeheven (Theiner) it is rated at 16s. 7d. in 
the Taxation of 1275. 

Although these facts disprove the common 
tradition, according to which the church and 
parish originated in the 15tli century in con- 
sequence of feuds between the vassals of In- 
verquieoh and Balloch (Stat. Accts.), the site 
of the chapel is now unknown. 

It was not long after the time of the tradi- 
tional origin of the kirk and parish that the 
Crichtons came to the district. Being allied 
to the lairds of Cluny and Frendraught, they 
were a fiimily of considerable importance; 
but in the burial-ground the only trace of their 
name appears upon a fragment, thus : — 

ov . . . . 

in . ivN 

CRYCU 

DESECVCIT 

. . . OF . MA 

As stated in the Land of the Liud.says 
(284-6), certain portions of Euthven, and 
other lands adjoining, were acquired from 
Thomas, Earl of Mar, by Sir Alexander 
Lindsay, about 1329, and about 1510, Alex- 



184 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



ander Cricliton became proprietor of the 
Lindsay-Crawford, or Earls-Euthven, portion, 
whidi probably comprehended the whole of 
the lands on the east of the Isla. 

Crichtons held Euthven, or a portion of it, 
down to near the middle of the last century, 
when the lands were bought by Thos. Ogilvy 
(Old Stat. Acct.), who is said to have belonged 
to Dundee, and to have married Anne, daugh- 
ter of Jas. Smith of Camno (Doug. Baronage), 
Mr. Ogilvy also acquired the estate of Coull, 
in Tannadice, from a sou of Sir William 
Nairn of Dunsinnan, about the year 1765. 
His grand-daughter, Afrs. Anna Wedderburn- 
Ogilvv, the last representative of the Ogilvys 
of these places, died in 185-3, aged 75, and 
was buried within an enclosure at the east end 
of the church, but no stone bears either her 
name or that of her husband, Peter "Wedder- 
BUR>f, who was an officer iu the H.E.I.C.S., 
and died in 1873, at the age of 91. He was 
a younger son of James Wedderburn, some- 
time a physician in Jamaica, by Margaret 
Blackburn Colville, heiress of Ochiltree and 
Crombie. His grandfather, Sir John Wed- 
derburn of Blackness, Bart., was an officer in 
Lord Ogilvy's regiment at Culloden, where he 
and his lady, a daughter of Fullerton of that 
Ilk, were both taken prisoners. Sir James 
was afterwards hanged, along with four other 
rebels, at Kenningtou Common, 28th Nov., 
1746. 

Mr. Wedderburn-Ogilvy left several chil- 
dren. The eldest son, who succeeded to 
Euthven and Coull, was sometime Colonel of 
the 2nd Life Guards, and married the Lady 
Henrietta Louisa, daughter of the 4th Earl of 
Pomfret. 

The house of Islabauk, or Euthven, built 
during the eighteenth century, has been re- 
cently much added to and improved. It is 
beautifully situated upon the north-east side 
of the Isla, surrounded by some old and many 



thriving trees. It occupies a site near, and in a 
north-easterly direction from, the castle of the 
Crichtons. Part of the old castle is stiU 
standing, and is used by the gardener as a 
fruit-room. 

A neat new church, with a spire, was erec- 
ted at Euthven in 1859, and the bell, which 
is said to have belonged to H.M. ship. The 
Enterprise, upon which, it is added, a Mr. 
W. Wedderburn was an officer, is thus in- 
scribed : — 

THE ENTERPKISE. W. W. 1735. 

The names of six of the old vicars of Euth- 
ven are mentioned in the Eeg. de Aberbrothoc. 
Peter, who was clerk, in 1301, and Patrick 
Henry, who was chaplain in 1403. Henry 
Halis, who was vicar iu 1492, died while in 
office, and was succeeded in March, 1500, by 
Henry Scott, who was probably succeeded by 
James Crayll, on whose death, in 1531, 
William I'ettillock was appointed. PettUlock 
was possibly among, if not the last, of the 
Eoman Catholic priests of the parish. 

In 1574, Euthven, and four neighbouring 
churches, were supplied by one minister, Mr. 
David Eamsay. Walter Lindsay, who prob- 
ably preceded David Cumyn, was reader at 
Euthven. 

A mutilated slab presents the following re- 
mains of an inscription, which appears to re- 
fer (Scott's Fasti) to Jlr. Eamsay's third suc- 
cessor iu the chm-ch ; — 

HEIR . LTIS . ANE . REVEREND . PASTOR . 
MAISTER . PATRICK . CRICHTOVN . QHA . VAS . 
MINISTER , OF . THIS . PAROSCHE . AND . CON- 
GREGATION . FOR . THE . SPAICE . OF . XXXVI . 
YEIRS . AS . ALSO . ISOBEL . RATRAT . HIS . 

SPOUS .HE DID . 

DEPART . THIS . LYFE . . . OCTOBER . AN 

— According to Dr. Scott, Mr. Crichton was 
a son of a laird of Naughton, in Fife, of whose 
family an interesting account is given in Dr. 
Campbell's Balmerino and its Abbey. Mr. 



RUTHVEN. 



185 



Crichton was minister at Eutliveu in 1G44, 
from which period until the time of the late 
Mr. liarty, there appear to have been eight 
incumbents. 

A monument on the east side of the churcli 
bears this record of the last-mentioned : — 

Sacred to the memor}' of the Eev. Patrick 
BARTr, minister of Ruthven, who died 24th 
June, 1870, in the TS"" year of his age, and 47"" 
of his ministry. 

— ilr. Bartj', whose father was minister of 
Bendochy, was " in every respect a model 
minister, taking the warmest interest in the 
welfare of his flock, and in all circumstances 
being their adviser." He was of an unselfish 
and generous disposition, and not only pos- 
sessed a wide knowledge of the Fathers, but 
an amount of observation of character and 
quiet humour rarely to be met with. Talking 
about portrait painting on one occasion, he 
quaintly, and it may be not over-gallantly, re- 
marked that, although he would not care to 
see himself upon any wall, lie was not so sure 
but some of his neighbours would not object 
to see their wives hung iqj / He seldom 
preached out of his own pulpit ; but it is told 
that on one occasion, wlien he was officiating for 
his friend Dr. Stevenson at Cupar- Angus, a 
cattleman, a stranger, who was present, re- 
marked to a neighbour in bis own "professional" 
phraseology and in allusion to Mr. Barty's 
quiet undemonstrative manner — " My saul ! — 
it'll tak' a gey het day to gar that lad startle ! " 
The first portion of the following inscrip- 
tion is upon tlie upper part of a flat slab broken 
in two pieces, and the latter (below which are 
a death's head and two spades crossed) is upon 
the lower half, the whole being incised : — 

HEIR . LVIS . DAVID . SIMSON . HE . LIVED . 
ly . MILTOVN . OF . RVTHVEN . AND . DEPARTIT 
. THI.S . LTFE . IN . IVLY . 1673 . AND . OF . 
HIS . AGE . 35 . TEARES . AND . MARGRBT . 
WHITSON . HIS . SPOVS . MY . GLAS . IS . RVN . 
TO THE MEMORY OF THOMAS SIMPSON FEWAR IN 
DERRIE, DIED MARCH 10, 1834, AGED 70. AND 



ELIZABETH MITCHEL, HIS WIFE, DIED APRILE S"" 
1844, AGED 86 YEARS. 

— Simpson was at one time a common surname 
in Euthven ; and some thirty years ago, when 
one of tlie family was buried, the deceased's 
brother (Peter Simpsox, fanner of Kinalty, 
who lived universally respected, and died, 
deeply regretted, in 1865), gave the sexton a 
sovereign for making the grave. Tlie poor 
man was quite overjoyed at Mr. S.'s liberality, 
and on his shewing the money to Mr. Barty, 
the latter remarked — " That's just like 
Kinalty ! " adding — " You ought to be verj- 
grateful to Mr. Simpson for his kindness." 
" Sae I am," was the rejoinder, " an' I can 
assure you, sir, I will be very glad to bury a' 
the Simsons i' the paris' at the same rate !" 
Upon a flat slab, with a sand-glass : — 

HERE . LTES . lAMES . SATAR . HE . LIVD . 
IN . BALBIRNIE . HVSBAND . TO . ISOBEL . 
SMITH . HE . DEPAIRTED . THIS . LYF . IN . 
MAY . THE . 20 . 1694 . AND . OF . HIS . AGE . 
THE .58.. YEAR . MY . GLAS . IS . RVN. 

The first portion of the ne.Kt inscription is 
carved round the sides and upon a part of 
the face of the stone in beautifully raised 
lioman capitals, the rest being incised : — 

HEIR . LIES . ANE . HONEST . WOMAN . CALLED . 
CHRISTIAN . IRLAND . SPOWS . TO . lAMES . WRIGHT . 
SOME . TIME . IN . TILIEFARGUS . WHO . DIED . 
IN . THE . MAINES . OF . RUTHUENS . THE . LAST . 
DAY . OF . AGUST . 1695 . AND . OF . HER . AGE . 77. 

Bulded by her lauful son John Wright, in the 
Mains of Jiuthuens. 

Heir lyes an honest man called Iohn Wright, 
husband to Janet Auderaon. He liued in Brydie- 
stone, and departed this life the 18 day of Decem- 
ber, 171— .'.... 

From a table scone : — 

Jean Mauer, wf. of George Mathe, tenant, 
Balliudoch, d. 1754 : — 

This lovely saint — where is she gone ? 

Surely to the heavens above ; 
Where all the ransomed ones do dwell 

That Jesus Christ do love. 
In pray'r and dealing alms she did, 
Herself nmch exercise ; 

a2 



186 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS . 



Aud with her ueighboui- in distress, 

Did kindly sympathise. 
To fr<aud averse, she loved truth, 

To speak it was her aim ; 
You might depended on her word, 

For still it was the same. 
She did not like this sinful earth. 

Nor this poor frail abode ; 
But longed for heaven where now she sings. 

The praises of her God. 

From a flat slab : — 

HEAR . LYS . ANE . HONEST . MAN . CALLED . 
DAVID . BOWACKS . AND . HIS . LAFVL . SPOVSE , 
. . WHYTE 

Upon tlw half of a head stone (cut perpen- 
dicularly, supra, 147), is the following: — 

To tlie memory of William Kandow, who was 
schoolmaster of this parish for XXXVl yeai-s. 
He died XIV Deer. MDCCXCVIII, " aged 
LXXIII. The other half of this stone stands 
in the church yard of Guthrie, to the memory 
of Jean Brown. 

Elected by their only surviving child, James 
Kaudow, schoolmaster of Guthrie. 

— The elder Kandow was the sou of a waulk- 
miller in Lintrathen, and having come by an 
accident, which rendered him a cripple for life, 
he was in the way of remarking to those who 
had the bad taste to take notice of his de- 
formity : — "Aye! You, may look! — I am 
iiere just as my father's waukmill made me 1" 
The school in which Mr. Kandow taught 
is still standing. In these days each scholar, 
in winter, brought a jieat daily to assist to 
warm tlie school. The fire was kindled upon 
a stone in the middle of the room, and when 
it began to wane it was revived by the 
dominie using his broad blue bonnet as a 
fan or bellows ! His desk was of a primi- 
tive type, being built of " divots" or turf, 
with a board laid upon the top. Behind 
the rostrum was a place called " the black- 
hole," where disobedient scholars were placed. 
It was indicated by the slanting trunk of a 
tree, against which " the master" leaned to 
rest himself, and to take his " afternoon's nap." 
Kandow produced many good scholars, one of 



wliom Mr. Loban, who was born in 1791 and 
held the office of parochial schoolmaster of 
Airlie from 1813, kindly supplied us with 
some of these notes. 



Although few of the antiquarian relics men- 
tioned m the Old Stat. Accts. are now visible 
in the parish, others have been discovered 
since their time, such as a Pict's house, a 
coffin-slab, fragments of crosses, sculptured 
stones, &c. The Pict's house, which was 
found in a field to the south of the church- 
yard, contained bits of cinerary urns, human 
bones, and a flattened ring, about two inches 
in diameter (Proceed. So. Ant. Scot.) Some 
of the stone fragments are built into tlie walls 
of the new- church, and the coffin-slab, upon 
wliich are incised a cross, a hunting horn, and 
a sword, is built into the manse offices. 

Among the more modern antiquities of the 
parish were a set of jour/s, and an iron crown 
or coronet, which had both been used as in- 
.struments of punishment for scolds, story 
tellers, and other wanderers from the paths of 
virtue. Both articles were discovered in a 
press in the old kirk about 18.50, and although 
rusty, were in good preservation. 

The latter, which was possibly unique, is 
here represented : — • 




CULLEN. 



187 



It measured about 5 1-lOth inches across 
the circle, and in the front — from the verge 
to the tojD point of a fleur-de-lis ornament, 
which rose nearlj' two inches above the 
upper hooij — it was 4 9-lOth inches in height. 
xVttached to the lower hoop were three ears 
or pendants, with holes pierced for the pas- 
sage of cords with which the crown was 
fixed to the head. This interesting relic, 
which was unfortunatel}^ lost about the time 
of Mr. Bart}''s death, was first described by 
the writer in 'Willis' Current Notes (Lond., 
Oct. 18.54), in which the above wood-cut also 
appeared. 

A market, known as Si/tnaJoag's Fair (S. 
MaluAck), was long held at the west end of 
the kirk of Euthven. It was removed to 
Alyth about a century ago ; and it is said 
that for the privilege of having the fair held 
there the community of that town gave the 
minister of Euthven a piece of ground which 
now forms part of the glebe. 

Like other places in Scotland of the same 
name, that of this parish had, doubtless, 
arisen from one or more raths or forts being 
upon the banks of the Isla, one of which 
occupied the site of the House of Islabank, 
and another stood at Castledj'kes. 

The river is crossed at a romantic spot near 
the church by two stone bridges. The oldei', 
a narrow picturesque structure of two arches, 
is upon a lower level than the new bridge, 
which was erected in 1855 and consists of one 
span with a pretty broad roadway. 

Before the introduction of steam for manu- 
facturing purposes, there were several spinning 
mills in the parish, which were driven bj' 
water power, but these have been long disused, 
and the population, which was 425 in 1842, 
now amounts only to about 250. Col. Wed- 
derburn-Ogilvy is sole heritor of the parish 
of Euthven. j. 



€u\lcn. 

(THE BLESSED VIRGIISr.) 

Vf3}lE earliest mention of a place of worship 
**• at Cullen occurs in 1236, when a dis- 
pute arose between the Bishops of Aberdeen 
and Moray regarding the jurisdiction of the 
churches of Dauendoir (Auohindoir) and Fors- 
cauen (Farsken) and the chapel of Innerculleii 
(Eeg. Mora v., 101). 

According to the author of the Diocese of 
Aberdeen, " the church was founded by King 
Eobert T. ; and his Queen (Elizabeth's) bowells 
are here buried." It is stated (New Stat. 
Acct.) that the charter of the burgh of Cullen 
shows that Bruce granted £5 Scots for the 
support of a chaplain in the Parish Church 
of Cullen to pray for the soul of his deceased 
Queen. 

We have seen no mention of the church in 
any Old Taxation nor the name of any of its 
ministers until 1569, w-hen \Vm. Lawtie and 
Gilbert Gardin are mentioned together as 
ministers of the kirks of Cullane, Fordyce, 
Inverboyndie, and Banff {supra, 100). George 
Hay was reader at Cullen in 1570, with a 
salary of £20 Scots (Eeg. Min.) George 
Douglas, who subscribed the Covenant at 
Edinburgh, 28th January, 1580, is believed 
to have been the same person as was after- 
wards, if not at that time, minister of Cullen, 
and moderator of the Presbytery in 1601 
(Booke Univ. Kirk). Dr. Scott supposes that 
Mr. Douglas retired to Edinburgh in 1639 
and died about 1674, at the age of 96. 

Besides the chaplainry which Bruce is said 
to have founded at Cullen, there was another 
dedicated to S. Ann, the existence of which 
is recorded upon the spot by three contem- 
porary and prettily-carved inscriptions in 
different parts of the south aisle. One of 



188 



EPITAPHS. AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



these is upon the arch of a recess tomb that, 
down to 1792, contained a recumbent effigy, 
and before it lay a flat slab adorned with the 
incised figure of a knight in armour. Both 
monuments, together with the supposed re- 
mains of the deceased, were removed at the 
request of the Earl of Fife to the mausoleum 
near Dnif House, where they are still pre- 
served. The effigy and the slab both re- 
late to the same individual, and each bears 
tliis inscription : — 

.^ HIC • lACET ■ lOHANES • DVF • DE • 
MALDAVIT • & • BALDAVI • OBIIT • Z • 
IVLII- 1404. 

— John Duff of Maldavet, who was one of an 
inquest regarding the marches between the 
lands of Lethnot and Troup in Gamrie in 
1537 (Ant. Aberdeen and Banff, ii. .3.36), was 
probably a son of the above-named. The first 
record of the Duffs in the district occurs in 
1330, when David of Dufis, son and heir of 
John Dufis, confirmed to Robert of Holdey, 
with consent of the Abbot of Arbroath, a 
tenement within the town of Invercullen 
(Ibid., 139). In 1404, the year in which 
.John Duff of Maldavit is said to have died, 
Robert Duff and Agnes de Camera or Chal- 
mers, his spouse, had charters of the lands of 
Maldavit and Baldavy (Ibid., 140), and name- 
sakes, if not descendants, of Duff held Mal- 
davit down to 1626, when James Hay of 
Eannes acquired part of the lands. It was 
in 1726 that the Earl of Findlater obtained 
Maldavit from the Hays (Town Council Bee. J 
The first of these authorities probably shews 
that the surname of Duff had been of terri- 
torial origin and assumed from the parish 
of Duftus in Morayshire, where the family of 
Duffis were of note as early as the 13th cen- 
tury (Reg. de Morav., 16). 

The inscriptions regarding the chaplainry 
of S. Ann' are supposed to belong to about 
1538-9, and the following is accompanied by 



the craftsman's mark, whicli is four times re- 
peated upon the aisle : — 

IHON • HAY • LOED ■ OF • FOEESTBON • 
AZE • & ■ TOLIBOVIL • GVDSIR ■ TO • ELEX 
■ HAY ■ YT • BIGIT • YIS ■ ILE • FEFT • A 
• CHAPLARI • HEIR • TO • SING • PEliSOX- 
ALT • OF • HIS • LADIS • OF • OEDIHVF- 



— The names of Forestbon, A::e, and TolUiovil 
have reference, the first to the Forest of Boyne 
{% Allium, a place abounding in streams), which 
lay Ijetween Banff and Portsoy ; the second 
to the Enzie (] Eanach, a marshy district) be- 
tween Cullen and Fochabers ; and the third 
to Tilibody (^ Tily-ho-duhh, the black cow's 
hill) in Clackmannanshire. 

The next inscription, which is round the 
arch of the large window in the S. aisle, not 
only preserves the name of the chaplainry, the 
extent of the gift, and the services required, 
but also the names of the founder, the per- 
sons to be prayed for, and those in whom the 
patronage was to become vested. The words 
in small capitals being out of place in the in- 
scription seem to have been omitted either by 
the writer or the mason : — 
SANT • ANIS • CHAPLAN • HEIR ■ DOTAT • 
YT • 35 (?) • ACRE • GVD • CROFT • LAD -1 

■ CVLA • & • TENEMENTis • SAL • BE • A ' GVD 

■ SINGAR • OF • HALI • LIF • bvt • odir ■ 
SERVICE • DALI ■ RESIDENT • TO' • PEA • FOR 
• ELEN • HAY • & • HIR • BAENIS • HIS • 
FVNDORS • AT • GIFT • OF • ION ■ DVF • 
& • HIS ■ AEIS ■ OF • MALDAVAT • k ■ EAL- 
ING • YAROF • AT • GIFT • OF • YE • BAL- 
ZEIS • & ■ COMVNITE ■ OF • CVLA • 

The words — per . elena . hay — are carved 
upon the lower side of one of the stones of 
the arch of the south window ; and upon the 
west side is this notice of the building of 
the aisle : — 



CULLEN. 



189 



ELENE • HAT • ION ■ DVFFIS • 

MODE ■ OF • MALDAVAT • YAT • MAID 
• YIS ■ ILE • YE ■ CHAPLANRI ■ • ■ • 
An arch, supported \ij pilasters with plain 
capitals, forms the entrance to the aisle, and 
below the capital of the west and east pilasters 
arc the words : — 

ME • MiTO • MORI ' 
DISCE ■ MORI • 

The last motto is followed by the interesting 
particulars of the name of the builder of the 
aisle, of whose personal history we have found 
no trace, and his craftman's mark, thus : — 

ROBERT ■ MOIR ' MASOM. 



^ 



Two corner stones upon the outside of the 
aisle bear respectively : — • 

PER ■ ELESA ■ HAT. 
SOLI • DEO ■ HONOR " ET ■ GLORIA. 

Besides the chaplainry of S. Ann at CuUen, 
Helen Hay also built at Fordyce the chapel 
of S. Ann, in which she was buried (siipra, 
100). 

The first of the Hays who held property in 
this quarter appears to have been John of 
Tolyboyll, who, by charter dated at Aberdeen 
on IGtli January, 1362, received the whole 
lands from the water of Spey to the burn of 
Tynot, wliich are described as lying in the 
forest of Aunie. It was probably John's son 
David Hay, who, about 1390-1406, had a 
charter from Robert III. of " the place of 
CuUen" (Reg. Mag. SigiU., 24 ; Rob. Index, 
141); and when Alexander Seton of Gordon 
(first Earl of Huntly) married his second wife, 
who was daughter and heiress of Sir John 
Hay of Tilibody, be received along with her 
the lands of Tilibody, Anzie or Enzie, and 
Eoyne in Banffshire (Douglas' Baronage, 167). 

In speaking of the aisle in 1670, the 
lv(;v. Mr. Burnett gives in the session books 



copies of the above inscriptions, and remarks, 
" It is well mounted and cyled, and was 
builded on t]ie expences of ane Helen Hay, 
sometime goodwife of Craighead, who did 
mortifie and appoint ane good croaft land 
and tofts y''to for upholding the said Isle and 
ornaments y''off, as the Inscription after- 
mentioned upon the cyling of the said Isle 
doth testifie, the tenor wheroflf follows : — 
Pray for Helen Hay and her bairns that 
biggid this Isle and feft a chaplain thereto, 
doted w' good croaft land and Tofts in 
Cullen, that shall uphold this Isle and orna- 
ments of it. Pray for King James the 5th, 
and his founders. At gift of her sone John 
Duff of Muldavat and his airs, and failing 
y'off at the gift and presentation of the Bailies 
and Community of Cullen forever, as the 
erection y'on registrat in Aberdeen proports, 
Anno one thousand five hundreth thirtie 
nynth. Disce mori." 

Mr. Burnett, who appears to have forgotten 
that in 1676 Janet Duff was second heiress to 
her grandfather, John Dulf of Muldavat, in 
certain crofts near Cullen, adds, that as the 
heirs of DuiT are not to be found, the bailies 
and community of Cullen are patrons, and 
should be pursuers for rights to be so. He 
also gives the following as " the Inscription on 
west side of said Isle engraven on a stone 
pend : — ' John Hay, Lord of Forest Boin, 
Anze, and TolibovO, gudsir to Elen Hay y' 
bigit yis He, feft a chaplari heir to sing per- 
sonalie of his landis of Ordinhuf.' " 

After the aisle fell into disrepair, it appears 
to have been appropriated for the interment 
of any one who chose to pay for it. In 1639, 
long before Mr. Burnett's day, the session 
resolved, in consequence of the possessors of 
the prebendary lands having denied liabilily 
to uphold the aisle, to allow burials to take 
place there, and to charge tlie same amount 
for such interments as for those made '-in tlie 



190 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



body of tlie claurch." This was done for the 
express purpose of acquiring money to " up- 
hold the fabrick of the s"* Isle," which, along 
with the church, appears to have been in a 
very bad state. Nor had it ever been much im- 
proved, it being recorded in 1699, that "be- 
cause of y" ruinousness of the church," there 
had been no sermon in it for some time. 

The church was partly taken down for 
"reparations" in the year 1700, and after 
it was ready for service, the pulpit, which had 
been "worsted" when the roof was off the 
church, was painted with ochre and umber, 
and hung with green cloth and silk fringes. 
Six shillings were paid for a sandglass in 
1709, and in 1717, "a cockstool was erected 
in terrorew," at a cost of =£17 Scots. The 
walls of the church were ornamented with 
texts of Scripture in 1728, for the doing of 
which one Fleming received the sum of £2 
8s. Application was made in 1797 for a new 
church or an enlargement of the old one, it 
being averred that the population had in- 
creased so much that many had to return 
home, there being neither room to sit nor 
stand. It was after this that tlie north wing 
was added. 

A fine freestone monument, in the Perpen- 
dicular style, and reaching from the floor to 
the ceiling of the church, occupies a great 
portion of the north east wall of the nave. It 
contains an arched recess, within which lies 
the stone effigy of Sir Alexander Ogilvy of 
Findlater, of whose death, and of his con- 
verting S. Mary's of Cullen into a Collegiate 
Church (1543) with a provost, six prebends, 
and two singing boys, there is the following 
record upon a slab in the back of the tomb : — 
Corpus . akvi . ogihiw . hie . bf . fin&latcr . hcroa, 
. •. 3^c. spouse. tlCi.ibctli. go viion. btrumq';.cubat. 
pvcsi&t . pbrts . bis . ttr . pucvisq': . buobus . 
. • . has . faciut • cbcs . instus . utcrq', . plus . 
migrarnt. r.v. liar . lure . hie. ti;e . 4" . iiusis . iulii 
1554 : ilia . bic . lucsis 155 



[Here rest the bodies of Alexander Ogilvt 
of Fiudlater and his spouse Elizabeth Gordon. 
Pious and upright, they founded this house for a 
provost, six prebends, and two boys. They de- 
parted this life, the former 4th July, 1554, and 
the latter on the day of 155 .] 

— The inscription is surrounded with a variety 
of elaborate carvings in relief, including alle- 
gorical representations of the Deity, the Cre- 
ation, the Resurrection, &c., somewhat like 
the engravings of these subjects in the Nurem- 
berg Chronicle (1493), likewise the armorial 
bearings of the Ogilvies and the Gordons. 
The monkish-looking figures which fill the 
eight panels in the dado or lower portion 
of the tomb, are popularly believed to re- 
present the six prebends and two .singing 
boys of the Collegiate Church. The two 
figures, which occupy richly carved circles 
upon the outside near the top of the canopy, 
are clearly intended for representations of the 
founder and his wife. Both are kneeling and 
in the attitude of prayer, and beside each, upon 
a ribbon or scroll, are their respective names 
and these legends : — 

;t ■ trgihiu ■ of ' tjat ■ ilk 

mosti'ate ■ ceee • iiatores • 

[Mai'k well, ye passers by.] 

elercbet • gorbonn • labii • of • funlrttcr 

funbe • preees • ab • eoclum. 

[Pour out prayera to heaven.] 

— The date of Lady Ogilvie's death has never 
been filled in upon the stone ; and from the 
feeling which it is not imnatural to suppose 
had existed between her and her step-son for 
the reasons stated below, it is not likely that 
he would do anything to perpetuate her 
memory. It is amusing to note that as 155- is 
carved upon the tomb, she was to be allowed 
to live only some half dozen years at most ! 
An engraving of this monument first appeared 
in Cordiner's Remarkable Ituins in the North 
of Scotland (1786). 

This portion of the church was possibly 
erected by Sir Alex. Ogilvy and his second 



CULLEN. 



191 



wife, au awmbry and altar-piece, similar to 
the " sacrament table " at Deskford {siqna, 
154) •whicli bears tlieir names, being also 
here. It measures from 5 to 6 feet in height, 
and among other ornaments, two angels are 
represented in the act of raising the Host. 
These texts (.John vi., 5-1-6), are carved below 
the cornice : — 

CARO • MEA • VERB • EST • CIB' • ET ■ 
SANGVIS • ME' • VERE • E • POT' • Q' ■ 
MADVCAT • MEA • CARXE ■ T ■ BIBIT • 
MEV • SAGVINE • VIVBT • I • ETERNV • 

Su- Alexander was the great-grandson 
and heir of Sir Walter Ogilvy of Auchleven, 
second son of Ogilvy of Lintrathen in Angus 
and Margaret Sinclair, heiress of Deskford and 
Findlater. He was twice married, first to a 
daughter of Lord Philorth, and next to 
Elizabeth Gordon, a niece of the Earl of 
Huntly. By liis first marriage he had a son 
James OgUvie of Cardell, who entered the 
service of Mary Queen of Scots, and by 
his second marriage a daughter Alargaret, 
w]io married John Gordon, son of the Earl 
of Huntly. Sir Alexander disinherited his 
soJi during his absence in France, and 
settled his estate upon his son-in-law. 
This piece of injustice, which was re- 
sented by the laird of Cardell, may be said to 
have been the more immediate cause of the 
battle of Corrichie, in which Huntly was slain, 
and his sou Sir John taken prisoner and 
executed. The claims of Ogilvie and Gordon 
were submitted to the decision of Queen 
Mary, who, on going to the north, received 
the keys of the castles of Findlater and 
Auchindown in token of submission to her 
judgment. She accordingly settled the dis- 
pute by giving Ogilvie the lands of Findlater 
and Deskford, and Gordon those of Auchin- 
down and Keithmore. The arrangement was 
ratified, and a mutual peace sworn by the 
parties with much pomp and ceremony be- 



fore the high altar in the church of Cullen 
on 24th March, 1566 (Hist. MSS., Comm. 
3rd Report, 404). 

The original deed, which has not yet been 
published, of the erection and foundation of 
the Collegiate Church of Cnllon is preserved 
in the charter-room at Cullen House. It is 
written in Latin, on parchment folios, dated 
1543, and contains many interesting particu- 
lars, of which the following abbreviate has 
been kindly furnished by Mr. Cramond, master 
of the Public School : — ■ 

"The church was founded 'for the honour and 
glory of the Trinity, the Virgin Mary, St. Anne, 
St. John the Baptist, St. Andrew, St. Mary Mag- 
dalene, and all the saints of the heavenly host, for 
the salvation of the soul of James fifth, formerly 
King of Scots, of blessed memory, and for the safety 
and prosperity of Mary, his daughter, Queen of Scot- 
land, also of Mar}-, spouse of the deceased James, 
and of his successors, and for the prosperity of 
Gawain, Archbishop of Glasgow, and for the sal- 
vation of all the souls of those who have died In 
defence of this kingdom, and of all the bailies, 
burgesses, and inhabitants "within the said burgh or 
beyond, whose bodies rest in the church of the 
blessed Mary of Cullen, or cemetery thereof, or 
elsewhere, and specially for the souls of all and 
several the Canons deceased of the chapter of Aber- 
deen, for the prosperity of the present rectors of 
the said chm-ch, and of all others who have be- 
queathed, or adorned, or intend to bequeath, or 
adorn the same with any endowments or ornaments, 
vestments, books, cups, or other necessaries, whose 
names are and will be in the book of life, also 
for the souls of Alexander, Earl of Huntly, John, 
Lord Gordon, James Ogilvy of Deskford, Knight ; 
James Ogilvy of Drunakeith, Agnes Gordon, his 
spouse ; Walter Ogih-y of Boyne, Knight ; Master 
James Ogilvy, rector of Kinkell ; his son, Gilbert 
OgilN-y ; Master Patrick Blackadder of TulliaUan ; 
Archibald Dick, EUen Haj-, mother of the said Arch- 
deacon, and of all the faithful departed, and also 
for our benefactors and predecessors.' 

" It was ordained that the Provost should receive 
twenty marks Scots yearly, and enjoy certain rights 
and privileges. The First Prebend was the precentor 
of the CoUege, and was entitled the Prebend of St. 
Amie. He had to be a piuest of holy life and con- 



192 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



versation, to have a good and clear voice for singing, 
to be skilled in the Gregorian singing and chanting, 
to be qualified to play the organ, and to teach daily 
a school for singing in the College Church. From 
the lands granted to him, he was required to pay for 
the celebration of masses for the souls of the founders 
and others in various churches. The Second Pre- 
bend was entitled the Prebend of Holy Cross, and 
had similar qualifications to the preceding. He 
prayed daily at the altar of Holy Cross for the souls 
of Alexander Ogilvie and Elizabeth Gordon, his 
spouse. He was the custodian of the books, cups, 
vestments, ornaments of the high altar, &c. The 
Prebend of St. Mary was the Third Prebend, and 
had the cure of the souls of the parish of Cullen. 
The Fourth was the Prebend of St. John the Baptist. 
His duties and (jualifications resembled those of the 
First Prebend. The Fifth, or Prebend of St. Andrew 
the Apostle received, in addition to the endowment 
of King Robert of ten marks, also the income from 
certain lands granted by Alexander Ogilvie. Besides 
his singing qualifications, he was required to be well- 
instructed in grammar, and to rule and teach a Gram- 
mar School in the Burgh of Cullen, and daily to 
officiate at the altar of St. Andrew, in St. Anne's 
aisle. The Sixth was the Prebend of St. Mary Mag- 
dalene, and was supported from the foundation of 
John Hay, Lord of Forest of Boyne, and Enzie. 
He officiated at the altar of Mary Magdalene, in the 
north part of the Chm'ch of Cullen." 

It was Sir Walter, grtat-granilsoii of tlie 
foundar of the Collegiate Cliurcli, who was 
raised to the peerage by the title of Lord 
Ogilvie of Deskford ; aud his son, who was 
created Earl of Findlater, having left daugh- 
ters only, the eldest of these carried both the 
title and estates of Findlater to her husband 
aud kinsman, Sir Patrick Ogilvy of Inch- 
martin, in the Carse of Go'sny. 

Besides the monument before noticed, there 
are at Cullen three others, aU of marble, to the 
memory of different members of the noble 
House of Findlater. The next inscription, 
which is from the finest of these tablets, re- 
lates to the grandson of Sir Patrick (after- 
wards Earl of Findlater) and his Countess : — 

James, Earl of Findlater aud Seafield, Viscount 
of EedUaveu, Lord Ogilvie of Deskfoord, and 



Cullau, boru July 11, 1663. Knight of the 
Most Ancient Order of the Thistle, aud Sheriff 
of the Shire of Banff, successively Secretary of 
State aud Chancellor of Scotland. After the 
union of the two kingdoms he served as one of 
the representative Peere of Scotland in Parlia- 
ment, was of the Privy Councill, aud Commis- 
sioner to several General Assemblies of the 
Church of Scotland. His great eloquence and 
capacity acquired him just applause in Publick, 
as did his strict Equity aud Generosity in Private 
Life. Dutiful to his parents. Kind aud affec- 
tionate to his wife and children, benevolent to all, 
he died universally regretted, Augt. 19, 1730, 
Here likwise lyes interred his wife Ann Dumbar, 
Countess of Seafield,. who's rare Virtue, Piety, 
Prudence, aud Sweetness of Temper, rendered 
her amiable in all the different relations of Life, 
This monument is erected to their memory by 
James, Earl of Findlater and Seafield, their son. 

— Lord Seafield, who was bred to the bar and 
was sometime M.P. for Cullen, advocated at 
first the cause of and voted for James VII., 
but afterwards took the oaths to William and 
Mary. He received the honour of knight- 
hood, and was raised to the Peerage during 
his father's lifetime. He took a leading part 
in promoting the Union, and being High 
Chancellor when the Parliament of Scotland 
rose for the last time, he is said to have 
exclaimed in the house — •" Now there's the 
end of an auld sang !" It is told when he re- 
buked his younger brother, the Hon. Patrick 
Ogilvy of Inchmartin, for following the trade 
of a cattle-dealer, the latter, who was no friend 
to the Union, silenced him by gruffly re- 
torting — " Better sell nowt than sell nations !" 
Lord Seafield, who succeeded his father in 
1711 as Earl of Findlater, had three sons and 
two daughters; the youngest two sons died 
unmarried, and the following inscription re- 
lates to the eldest : — 

James, Earl of Findlater aud Seafield, Vice- 
Admiral of Scotland, aged 74, ended a life of 
eminent piety, loyalty, and benevolence, upon the 
9th of July, 1764. In obedience to his Com- 
mands, the monument above, with the inscrip- 
tiou, was erected, he having forbid any particu- 
lar monument for himself. 



CULLEN. 



193 



— This Earl, wlio was "suspected" at the '15, 
was afterwards received into confidence ; and, in 
1745, owing to his refusal to pay "levy money" 
to the rehels, they entered his house of Cullen, 
which tliey plundered of all its valuable fur- 
niture and other effects, except some pictures 
and books, " the greatest and most valuable 
part whereof they carried with them to Lord 
John Drummond's main party at Fochabers, 
and threatened to return to burn the house" 
(MS. copy at Panmure, of Lord Findhder's 
Petition to Pari.) The Earl was then at 
Aberdeen with the Duke of Cumberland ; and, 
in consequence of the unexpected approach of 
the Iioyal army, the rebels not only were pre- 
vented from doing further mischief to Cullen 
House, but left the enemy in possession of 
their horses, of which " the kirkyard was 
full" (Journal of a Volunteer, 17-15). 

Whether the Earl, who estimated the damage 
done by the rebels to his house and j)roperty 
at the sum of £8000 sterling, was successful 
in his application to Parliament is not so 
certain as that he held his appointment of 
Vice-Admiral of Scotland down to. his death. 
One of the three marble monuments at Cullen 
is thus inscribed to the memory of Countess 
Sophia : — 

To the memory of Lady Sophia Hope, born 
May 1702, married Dec. 1723, to James, Earl of 
Fiudlater & Seafield, died April 25, 176L Her 
life was one LTuiuterrupted Course of Christian 
Piety, Universal Benevolence, Integrity, and 
Justice. Duty to her Parents, particularly to 
her Father-in-law, the Chancellor, Earl of Find- 
later (next to whose body lier's is interred), of 
most aifectionate and dutiful attachment to her 
husband, unwearied care of his health, constant 
attention to the interests of his family (his 
Estate having been nearly doubled by her 
prudent and decent CEconomy), and of motherly 
affection to his Infant children by his first wife, 
Lady Elizabeth Hay, a most Valuable and 
Virtuous Latly, who died at Dupplin, & was 
interr'd in the Burial Place of her Father, 
Thomas, Earl of KinnouU. This monument was 
order'd by her beloved husband, who du'ected 
his Body to be interr'd near hers. 



— The Earl (of whom and Countess Sophia 
there are in the City Hall of Aberdeen full- 
length portraits painted by Cosmo Alexander, 
an Aberdeen artist, who was related in some 
way to Jameson) left two daughters and a 
son by his first wife. The daughters were 
married respectively to Sir Ludovick Grant of 
Grant and the Earl of Hopetoun, and the 
son, who survived his father, was succeeded 
by his son, who died without issue in 1811. 
This opened uj) the succession to female des- 
cendants, the nearest of whom was Lord 
Seafield's own cousin,^ Sir L. A. Grant, Bart., 
grandson of the above Sir Ludovick. He suc- 
ceeded to the estate and titles (the Earldom of 
Findlater excepted), and dying in 1840, was 
buried at Duthil (Epitaphs, i. 142). 

His Lordship was succeeded by his brother 
the Hon. F. W. Grant Ogilvie, who was pre- 
viously M.P. for tlie counties of Inverness 
and Nairn, and dying in 1853, was succeeded 
by his son, as seventh Earl of Seafield. His 
Lordship married the Hon. Caroline Stuart, 
youngest daughter of Lord Blantyre, by whom 
he has an only cliild, Viscount Eeidhaven, who 
was born in 1851. 

The present Earl has made great improve- 
ments, not only upon Cullen House, but over 
the whole of his extensive estates ; and the 
Countess has recently taken so deep an inte- 
rest in the preservation of the tombs of her 
ancestors, and in the old Collegiate Church, 
that the edifice has been put into good repair, 
and due prominence given to the old awmbry, 
above referred to, whicli was so long hidden 
from view. 

The Seafield family pew, upon the south- 
east of the nave of the church, is supported 
hy pillars and reached by a few steps. The 
front of the pew and the pillars are of carved 
timber, which was taken from the family 
seats in the old aisle. One panel is dated 
1590, another 1602, two others bear the 



k 



194 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



Ogilvie and Douglas arms, and the initials, 
S.V.C. (Sir AValter Ogilvie), M. D. (Mary 
Douglas), and a fifth contains her monogram. 
Upon the pillar next the stair are the Aber- 
croniby and Innes arms, the latter having the 
cadency mark of the crescent, the date of " 18 
AP. 1608," and the monogram A. A.I.I. 
These refer to a laird and lady of Over Skeith, 
a property in Deskford, in which Adam 
Abercroniby was served heir to his father 
William on 31st October, 1608 (Retours). 
Abercrombys held Skeith from 1542 until 
1720, when Alex. Abercromby renounced tlie 
lands in favour of the Earl of Findlater. 
Alex. Abercromby's son .James, a merchant 
in CuUen, married Elspet Ord, whose father 
was also a mercliant there. Upon " Skeith's 
lair," on the south side of the Duff Isle, a 
pew was erected in 1688, and soon after that 
date — possibly before it — Over Skeith, which 
is now Seafield property, was in the hands I 
of the Hays of Ardinbath. 

The arms of the Sinclairs and the Ogilvies 
are upon the outer and south wall of the nave 
of the church, and near the same place is a 
" sunne dyall," possibly that for which the 
kirk-session in 1664 paid the sum of 8 merks. 

A marble slab, built into the west wall of 
the south aisle of the church, bears : — 
ALEXANDER DUNCAN, 

FOUNDER OF THE DUNCAN BEQUEST, 
BORN OCT. 2, 1776, DIED DEC. 20, 1845. 

— Duncan, who was buried at Fordyce, was a 
blacksmith by trade, and his bequest consists 
of an annuity of about £30, which he left 
for the education and purchase of books 
for children of Established Cliurch 2)arents 
(supra, 104). 

At the north door of the church is a flat 
slab, which has been much defaced by being 
trodden upon. It bears a carving of the 
Dunbar arms, the initials M.G.D., and these 
remains of an inscription : — 



SVB . SAXO . HOC . IVVENIS 

CINERES . MORS . INIMICA 

PIETAS .PR DELECTVS . . . 

MORBVS . . . GEORGIVS . DVNBAR . ARTIVM 
IIAGISTER 3IDCLXVI. 

— Mr. George Dunbar was ses.sion-clerk and 
probably also schoolmaster of Cullen, in 
16.52. Mr. .Cramond states, that although 
during the last three hundred years there 
have been at least thirty-eight schoolmasters 
and nineteen ministers of Cullen, there are 
tombstones liere to only one minister and one 
schoolmaster. 

The old burial-ground, which surrounds the 
church, was closed, under the Burial Grounds 
Act, in 1868. It contains a number of monu- 
ments, from which the following inscriptions 
are' selected. The first, which was found 
witliin the chaplainry of S. Ann, is remark- 
able for its quaintness and brevity : — 

LET . LYE . I . H . 

The next is also of a laconic nature : — 

I AMES . HUTCHON . A . CHYLD . 

DEC . 26 . 1673 . 
A mural tablet, embellished with carvings 
of a mill-stone pick and mill rynd, bears : — 

JOHN . GOODBRAND . MILLHARD . OF . THE . 
OLD . MILNE . IN . CULLEN . ERECTED . THIS . 
MONUMENT . IN . THE . YE.\R . OF . GOD . 1723. 
HE . DEPARTED . OCT . 17 — . JANET . HIRD . 
HIS . SPOUSE . DEPARTED . NOU . 18 . 1719 . 
ALSO . JAMES . GOODBRAND . THR . SON . DYED 
. APRIL . 17 . 1713 . 

— The surname of !Millhard liad probably 
originated from the occupation of a miller. It 
is often written and pronounced Millart. 
Goodbrand is locally pronounced Gireelnin. 
The "mill ward" left descendants, some of 
whom became burgesses of Cullen. Contem- 
porary with the first-mentioned was a family 
named Brand.s (who may possibly have been 
related to the Goodbrands), to whom there 
are two monuments, one of which, bearing a 
Latin inscription and dated 1721, relates to six 
of the children of the following parents : — 



CULLEN. 



195 



In memory of Walter Brands, merchant, and 
sometime one of tlie baillies of CuIIen, who died 
in 1738, aged 68. Margaret Forbes, his spouse, 
who died in 1735 ; and Ann Brands, their 

daughter, who died in 1730 

James Brands, Esquire of Ferryhill, Aberdeen- 
sliire, their son, sometime one of the baillies of 
Ciillen, who died 1780, aged 77, caused erect this 
stone. 

Accompanied with the monogram A.]\f: 
LA :— 

Here lyes under the hope of a blessed resur- 
rection, Alexander Murray, bailzie of Cullen, 
who departed this life the 4"' of Febr. the vear 
of God 1675. 

Under tliis ston lyes the corps of the children 
of Alexander Dunbar, burges of Cullen and 
Margaret Biddie his spouse, whose names was 
Elizabeth, Janet, George, Janet, and Anna 

DUNBARS. 

[2.] 
J.\s. MuRR.w, Hillocks, Fordyce, d 1796, a. 
84 ; his wf. Margt. Bennett d. 1791, a. 72 : — 

Pause, Reader, reflect on life's short Race, 
Imitate the Viituous immured in this Place. 

[3.] 

This stone is errected here by Jannet Mitchell, 
in memory of her beloved husband James Roie, 
souter shoemaker in Cullen. He died May the 
4"" 1796, aged 41 yeare. Also two of their chil- 
dren, who died in their infancy, lyes interred 
here. 

Alexander Duffus departed this life, 25"' 
July 1815, aged 97 years, and is inten-ed along 
with his spouse agreeable to his desire. 

Upon a flat stone : — 

Under this lyis the corps of the children of 
Thom.\s Shepherd, burges in Cullen, who names 
walAMES, Michael, William, Janet Shepherds, 
17XXX ; & he dj'ed Dec. 25. Chrlstian 
M'Lauchland ther mothe 

A table stone bears : — 

Under this stone lies interred George Perrie, 
son to George Perrie and Isable Murray, late in 
Portuokie. He served sometime in the war of 
their Majestie's King George the 2nd and 3rd, 
on board the Thunderer. Died lune 3, 1763, 
aged 39 yeai-s ; and now — 



Tlio' .Eohis' blasts and Neptune's waves 
Have toss'd him to and fro. 



With others here below, 

And who at anchor here do ride 

With many of the fleet, 

Till the last trumpet wake them uj), 

Theii- Admiral, Christ, to meet. 

Within an enclosure : — 

In memory of Thomas Rannie, who was born 
at Birdsbank, Cullen, 24th Oct. 1769, and died 
there 15th Sept 1849. Also of his wife, Eliza- 
beth Wilson, who died on the 14th December 
1828, aged 63. 

— Their son !Mungo, " many years a very re- 
spectable linen manufacturer and magistrate 
of Cullen," died in 1806, aged 79. A daughter 
of this family. Miss Menie Eannie, was 
married to James Coutts of Hullgreen, near 
Bervie, on 15th March, 1759. Mr. Coutts 
was one of the celebrated banking familj', of 
whom the Baroness Burdett Coutts is the 
representative ; and Mr. Coutts and his wife 
Menie Eannie were the maternal grandparents 
of the late ilrs. Scrymgeour Fothringham of 
Tealing, near Dundee. 
From a marble slab, within an enclosure : — 

Sacred to the memory of Rear- Admiral James 
Oughton, who died at Cullen, the place of his 
nativity, on the 9th June, 1832, aged 71. Here 
also lie the remains of his father and mother, 
John Oughton and Margaret Watt, likewise 
natives of Cullen, the former of whom died in 
1796, the latter in 1811. 

— Admiral Oughton was originally a clerk to 
Mr. Dow, manufacturer in Cullen, and enter- 
ing the navy as purser's clerk, rose to the high 
ranli mentioned upon his monument. He is 
said to have been liberal-hearted and kind to 
the poor. Two of his sisters, who died in 
1851 and 1853, attained the ages of 73 and 
85. Their father was manager of Mr. Eannie's 
manufactory. 
Abridged from three separate stones : — 

Robert Innes, surgeon, R.N., died at Forres, 
7th March 1833, aged 66. 

Margaret Gtrant, relict of Alex. Grant, 
Tochieniel, died 12"' Sept. 1841, aged 9G. 



196 



EPITAPHS, AND INSORTPTIONS : 



The Eev. Egbert Grant late minister of 
Cullen, died 9"> April 1808, in the 78th year of 
his age, and 49th of his ministry. 
— Mr. Grant, who wrote the Old Stat. Acot. 
of the parish, left two daughters, Janet, who 
bequeathed £20 to the poor of Cullen, and 
Mary, who married Eev. oVIr. Gray of Ordiqu- 
hill (Epitaphs, i. 29). 
One of three marble tablets bears : — 

In memoiy of Alexander Marquis, a native 
of this parish, fifty-seven years farmer of Far- 
skane, and twenty eight yeai-s a member of the 
Kirk-Session of Cullen ; nat. 1783, ob. 1848. 
This tablet is erected by his relict Mat Ander- 
son. Also in memoiy of the said Mat Ander- 
son, who died IGth May 18G1, aged 76 years. 

Upon a marble monument in the church- 
yard wall : — 

Sacred to the memory of BvERisn Lyons, 
sometime shipmaster in Leith, aged 44, who ^yas 
lost in the brig "Mary," of London, of which 
he was owner, wrecked on this coast on the 
night of 7th September, 1807, when all on boa,rd 
perished. This marble is erected by Mathias 
Lyons, writer to the Signet, in testimony of his 
esteem and affection for a much loved brother, 
1822. 
Upon a headstone : — 

Sacred to the memory of George Findlat, 
late merchant, Cullen, who died 16"' June, 1849, 
aged 61 years. Also the Eev. George Findlat, 
son of the above, who died lOth March 1846, 
aged 27, at Cape Coast Castle, while on his way 
to labour as a Wesleyan Missionary in the King- 
dom of Asliantee, Western Africa 



From a headstone : — 

To the memory of James Forbes, shoemaker, 
Buckie, who died 6th April 1855, and Linora 
Stewart or Forbes, his spouse, who died 3d 
December 1858, and who left the whole residue 
of their estate to the Free Church of Scotland. 
Erected by the deceased's Trustees. 

A mural tablet (enclosed) on right hand 
side of gate to churchyard bears : — 

Sacred to the memory of John Fraser, com- 
missioner to the Eight Honble. the Earl of Sea- 
field, who died at Cullen, on the 30th November 
1848, aged 70. Also to that of- his wife Cather- 
ine Duncan, died there on the 16th April, 1862, 
atred 71. 



— One of theu' daughters is married to the 
Eev. Mr. Mackintosh of Deskford ; and a 
marble tablet, adjoining the above, bears this 
record (here abridged) to the memory of some 
of Mr. Eraser's family : — 

John, died at Demerara, 31st May 1837, aged 
16 ; William, M.D., died at Poonah, in 
H.E.I.C.S., 19th Sept. 1847, aged 25 ; Cathe- 
rine, wife of Dr. Francis W. Innes, C.B., died 
at Eangoon, 13th Sep. 1855, aged 31 ; TiiOMAS, 
died at sea on his passage from India, 14th Feb. 
1857, aged 34 ; James, died at Bathurst, N.S.W., 
18th June, 1861, aged 42 ; and Alexander, died 
at North Berwick, 2ud Sep. 1866, aged 42. 

The following, within the same enclosure, 
refers to a brother of Mrs. Eraser's : — 

Sacred to the memory of Alexander Duncan, 
Esq., surgeon, Eoyal Navy, who died 13th Feb- 
I'uary, 1826, aged 62 years. 

Besides being inconveniently situated, the 
old churchyard of Cullen became too small for 
the requirements of the parish, and a 

NEW CEMETEEY 
was made out in a field adjoining the cliffs to 
the eastward of the town. It was opened for 
interments in 1830, and extended in 1873. 
It contains several monuments, the most at- 
tractive of which is possibly a plain freestone 
cross, within an enclosure, which bears the 
following inscription, the first portion being 
upon the transverse limb of the cross and the 
last upon its base : — 

Jane Tait, born at Carlisle, 6th Dec. 17S0, 
died at Cullen House, 9th Nov., 1866. Erected 
in loving memory by Caroline, Countess of Sea- 
field. 
Upon a mural tablet : — 

This stone is erected by the Earl of Seafield, 
in memory of Margaret Ward, who died at 
Cullen, 23rd July, 1852, aged 86 years. 

Erom a headstone of white marble : — 

Sacred to the memory of Ealph-Abercrombt 
Buchanan, E.N., who died Nov. 26, 1855. 

Upon a hamlsome granite monument : — 

In memory of the late William Smith, for 
four-and-a-half years Provost of Cullen, who 



CULLEN. 



197 



died 8th April 1872, aged 49 years. Erected by 
a number of his Personal Friends as a tribute of 
their respect for his private -wortli and public 
services. 

— Mr. Smith, -who was a draper and postmas- 
ter, was of a very obliging disposition, and 
died suddenly while chief magistrate of the 
burgh. 
A plain headstone bears : — 

In memory of John Slater " Hasser," and 
Helen Imlach, his wife. The former died 31st 
May, 1866, aged 77 ; the latter 12th April, 1867, 
aged 75. 

—In the above inscription "Hasser" is no 
part of the surname, but there being so many 
families of one name among the fishing popu- 
lation on the east coast, " tee" or additional 
names are used for the sake of distinction. 
These are frequently neither of the most deli- 
cate nor refined description, as may he seen- on 
reference to Valuation EoUs, Eegisters of 
Births, Parochial Board books, &c. 



Some account having already been given of 
the early history of Cullen and its neighbour- 
hood iu Proceedings of the Society of Anti- 
quaries of Scot. (iv. 583 ; ix. 274-83), it will 
be sufficient here to note that Cullen is asso- 
ciated by tradition with the Danish invasion 
in the 10th century, and that Invercullen is 
described as a burgh in a charter of William 
the Lion, 1198-9. 

Remains of the castle and its fosse are 
still upon the Castlehill. Alexander II. and 
Edward I. both resided here for a brief period. 
The constableship of the castle was held by 
Thomas Lipp in David II. 's time, but the 
date of the demolition of the house is unknown, 
and the site is now occupied by a number of 
carved stones which had been carried from 
the < dd Town, and probably also from 
the mansion-house of Cullen. Among these 
fragments are the royal arms, the head of the 



old cross of the burgh, the arms of the Sin- 
clairs, the Ogilvies, and the Bairds, the last- 
mentioned of which possibly belonged to John 
Baird, who was a baillie of the burgh about 
1689. 

There are several inscribed stones built into 
Cullen House. One bears the initials of Sir 
Water Ogilvie, who was created Earl of Eind- 
later in 1616, and his wife Dame Mary 
Douglas. Upon the side of the house, over- 
looking the precipice, there are two very old 
windows, upon one of which is the monogram 
S.V.O., D.M.D., and upon the other the 
Ogilvie and Douglas arms. On the west are 
five pedimcntal windows, the oldest has richly 
carved floral pilasters, with scroll capitals sur- 
rounded by a pediment on which are cut re- 
presentations of winged sea-horses, overtopped 
with a scroll inscribed Andromeda. In the 
centre of the pediment is an anchor, round the 
shank of which is twisted a dolphin, and 
within are the words festina lente. Three 
windows on the north side exhibit carvings 
of the theological virtues of Faith, Hope, and 
Charity, with their respective sj'mbols ; the 
first two are inscribed : — 

FAITH • YE • GRVND • OF • AL. 
HOPE . YE • ANKER . OF . FAITH. 

The inscription upon the third whidow has 
been obliterated ; but in 1858, when con- 
siderable additions and alterations were made 
upon the house by the present Earl of Sea- 
field, two finely carved windows were erected, 
one bearing the inscription : — 
CHAKYTIE • COVERETH • MANIE • SYNIS- 
— Upon the other is the admirable text, 
Luke, vi. 42 ; — 

CAST • YE • BEAME • OVT • OF • THINE • 
OWNE • EYE • AND • THOV • SHALT ■ SEE • 
CLEARLIE • TO • PVLL ■ YE • MOTE • OVT • 
OF • THY • BROTHERS • 

In addition to these carvings a staircase 
galjle is ornamented with a beautiful group of 



198 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



" Old Father Time," with his scythe, and 
emblematical figures of Youth and Old Age, 
the former being represented as flying from 
him, and the latter iu\'iting his stroke. 

The romantic burn of Cullen, which is 
crossed at Cullen House by a bridge dated 
1744, upon which are a coronet and the 
initials of the fifth Earl of Findlater and his 
Lady, is also spanned by a bridge at the Sea- 
town of Cullen, upon the coast road to Elgin. 

The Seatown has a sheltered position upon 
the S.E. of the Bay of Cullen, and the dwel- 
ling-houses are mostly of one story and 
thatched. Although small, the harbour is a 
safe and easily reached port ; and the most 
remarkable features of the beach are three 
large rocks called tlte Three KiiKjs, but these 
lie within the parish of Eathven (Epitaphs, 
i. 276). 

The New Tcjwn of Cullen occupies the 
steep ground on the south of the Seatown, 
where there are a town-hall, good dwelling- 
houses, shops, branch banks, hotels, and viUa 
residences. In the front of a property in 
Deskford Street are three freestone tablets, 
each of which bears the arms (3 crescents 
between 3 piles transposed), and the motto — 
DEO ET PATRiiE. Below are these iuscrip)- 
tions, which refer to charities that were 
respectively founded by John and 'William 
Lawtie in 1650 and 16.57 : — 

1717. I.L : NULLI CERTA DOMUS 

MR JAMES LAWTIE I KATHARIN DUNBAR. 

[2.] 
William Lawtie of Myrehouse mortified this 
house and two rigs adjacent, with some crofts 
called Anefreetack, for the glory of God, and the 
use of tlie poor : — Psal. xli. Mrs. Sara Lawtie 
Dingwall in Banff, empowered Alexander Lob- 
ban, mercht. Cullen, and James Lawtie, Towie. 
to excambe the houses and land situated in the 
old toun, which they did for the present houses 
and laud, as pr. deed of settlement, JIarch 1824. 
This stone was relettered by Mrs. S. L. D. 



[3.] 

John Lawtie, burgess in Cullen, mortified 
this house and croft to the poor of this parish, 
and appointed George Lawtie of TochieneU and 
his heirs whatsomever, patrons thereof. Mr. 
James Lawtie, late minister of the gospel at 
Cullen, was heir and representati\e to the said 
George Lawtie. Mrs. Sara Lawtie Dingwall, 
&c., as above. 

In 1695, "William Ogilvie of Blairock gave 
to the poor of Cullen a croft of land called 
Harper's Croft, upon whicli two persons used 
to live, but after the death of the donor, the 
right of possession was challenged, and claimed 
on behalf of the Knights Templars of St. 
John of Jerusalem, and the Earl of jNIanresse 
having right from the king to appropriate 
these lands to himself, the session were obliged 
to give him a sum of money to " compone" it. 

William Leslie of Birdsbank, who left 1000 
merks Scots for the benefit of the schoolmas- 
ter, also presented the church with two silver 
communion cups, upon which are his arms 
and motto, keep fast, and this inscription : — 
DEDICATED • TO • THE • CHVRCH • OF • 
C\'X,LEN • BY • WILLIAM • LESLIE ■ OF • 
BIRDSBANK • 

— This was a branch of the Leslies of Fin- 
drassie in Morayshire (Young's Hist, of New 
Spynie), and William, who succeeded his 
father, married a daughter of Monro of Mil- 
town, by whom he had a son George, sheriff- 
clerk of Banffshire, who married about 1 676, 
a daughter of Sir James Baird of Auchniedden 
(Eraser's Surname of Baird, 29). 

The " place" of Birdsbank was at the south 
end of the old town or burgh of Cullen, and 
that of Craighead, of which " Helena Hay" 
was "gudewife," is now included in the park 
surrounding Cullen House. The kirk bell, 
which is saiil to have been upon the old town- 
house, is thus inscribed : — 

CULLEN, IN THE COUNTY OF BANFF, 



ARBUTHNOTT. 



199 



In 1719 the Kirk-session contributed the 
sum of £60 Scots towards the purchase of a 
town clock and a big bell, and for the repair 
of the tolbooth and steeple of Cullen ; but the 
tolbootli and the rest of the old tower of 
Cullen, which stood at the church, were re- 
moved between the years 1820-30. 

An hospital or " beadehouse, with 8 men 
within it," stood in 1670, and for many years 
thereafter, within the old town, and the lands 
of Pattonbringau and Brunton were mortified 
for its support. It is described at the above 
date as having been " well provided w' main- 
tenance, and (the inmates) lies y'' gowns and 
fireing well allowed on them yearly." It may 
be noticed in connection with this charity 
that in 1705, " In. Abercrombie headman in 
the Earl of Fiudlater's hospital" left the sum 
of £4 to the poor of the parish. 

The usefulness of this institution, which 
was founded by James, Earl of Eindlater, 
in 1638, appears to have been extended 
in 1721 by Ann, Countess of Seafield, who, 
in addition to the original number of male in- 
mates, made provision for the maintenance of 
as many poor females. The Eev. Dr. Hender- 
son, in his account of the parish (18-12), states 
that about si.\ty years before that date, the 
hospital system was abolished, and the charity 
doled out to poor families residing on the Sea- 
field estates in the four parishes of Cullen, 
Kathven, Deskford, and Fordyce. 

[Ins. compd. by air. Cramond, Schoolmr.] 

a r tj u 1 1) n 1 1. 

(S. TERNAN, BISHOP.) 

THE church of Aberhtdhenoth was a pre- 
bend of the Eoyal Chapel of S. Mary, 
or Kirklieugh of St. Andrews, and was dedi- 



cated by Bishop David in 1242. It is rated 
at 30 merks in the Old Taxation. In 1299, 
King Edward I., by reason of the vacancy of 
the See of St. Andrews, presented Henry of 
Grastok to the church of Aberbuthenot (Ilkist. 
Scot. Hist., Maitland Club, 38). 

In 1574, INIr. Alex. Keith was minister of 
the five churches of Arbuthnott, Kinneff, 
Caterline, Bervie, and Garvock ; and Archi- 
bald Watson was reader at Arbuthnott. 

Mr. Alex. Arbuthnott, who was Principal 
of King's College, Aberdeen, of whom some 
notice is given below, and Mr. Andrew 
Ramsay, who was translated to Edinburgh in 
1610, were among the more eminent of the 
old ministers of the parish. Besides contri- 
buting to Arthur Johnston's Delitkii Poatarum 
Scotonmi, the lattet published a volume of 
Latin jjoems (printed by Andrew Hart, Edin., 
1633), the epigrammatic portion of which he 
dedicated to his cousin, Sir David Carnegie 
of Kinnaird. He was a son of Eamsay of 
Balmam, and being "deprived" in 1649, he 
left Edinburgh, and retired to his property of 
Abbotshall in Fife, where he is said to have 
died in 1659, aged 85. He left several chil- 
dren, of whom Andrew, some time Lord 
Provost of Edinburgh and a Senator of the 
College of Justice, was the eldest son. 

Among Mr. Eamsay 's successors at Arbuth- 
nott were Mr. John Sibbald (1626-62), and 
Mr. Alex.\nder Arbuthnott (1665-90). The 
former, who " contributed liberally towards 
an edifice for the training of youth, mortified 
considerable sums of money for tlie mainte- 
nance of a schoobnaster and the poor of the 
parish, and bequeathed his books to the Aisle 
of Ai'buthnott, worth more than j'" merks, for 
the use of the succeeding incumbents ; " while 
the latter, who bought the property of Kin- 
gornie, near Bervie, about 1688, was fatlier of 
the celebrated Dr. John Arbuthnott of Lon- 
don by a daughter of the Eev. Mr. Lanimie 



200 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



of Maryton (Epitaphs, i. 236). Mr. Aibuth- 
nott is said to have continued the History of 
the Family of Arbiithnott, which was begun 
by the Piincipal. 

In 1505, Sir Eobert Arbuthnott founded 
and endowed a chaplainry within the kirk of 
St. Ternan of Arbuthnott for the safety of his 
own soul and for those of his wife, his father, 
and his mother. He also gave a house, garden, 
and croft to the chaplain. Long after this 
date some of Sir Eobert's descendants, one of 
whom was a member of kirk-session in 1689, 
presented foiu- communion silver cups to the 
church. These are all embellished with the 
Ai'buthnott arms — the first having also those of 
Crichton — and each cup is thus inscribed : — 

THE . COMMUNION . COUP . FOR . THE 
. KIRK . OF . ARBUTHNOTT . 163S . R . A. : 
H . C. 

[2.] 

THIS . CUP . WAS . MORTIFIED . TO . 
THE . KIRK . OF . ARBUTHNOT . BY . D . 
A, . OF . PITCARLES . AND . REPAIRED . 
BY . HIS . SONE . A . A. . 1695. 

[3, 4.] 

THIS . COMMUNION . CUP . IS . MORTI- 
FIED . TO . THE . CHURCH . OF . ARBUTH- 
NOT . BY . THE . NOBLE . LORD . ROBERT 
. THE . THIRD . VISCOUNT . OF . ARBUTH- 
NOT . 1696. 

The church of Arbuthnott is a long narrow 
building with a belfry upon the west end, 
somewhat resembling the corner turret of an 
old mansion house ; but it has been so oddly 
rendered, as indeed has been the whole fabric, 
in Pinkerton's Correspondence (iL 421), that 
the woodcut there conveys no idea whatever 
of the original. 

Sometime ago there were two bells at the 
church of Arbuthnott. The one now in use 
bears the Arbuthnott arms, and is thus in- 
scribed : — 



10 A . MOWAT . ME . FE . VET . ABD . 1736 . 

IN. USUM . ECCLESI^. DE . ARBUTHNOTT. 

SABBATA . PANGO . FUNERA . PLANGO. 

[John Mowat, Old Aberdeen, made me, 1736, for 
the use of the church of Arbuthnott. Sabbaths I 
proclaim, at funerala I toll.] 

At the south-east corner of the church " is 
a beautiful chancel aisle or chantry of the 
15th century (Missale de Arbuthnott, pref. 
Ixxxvi.), entered by a late semi-circular arch 
with heavy flamboyant mouldings. It is of 
two stories ; the lower a vaulted and groined 
chapel, with an aumbry and piscina, indicat- 
ing an altar at the south end, which termi- 
nates apsidally. The centre window in the 
apse is a beautiful cusped lancet ; the others 
are similar, but with the late circular headings 
peculiar to Scottish flamboyant. The masonry 
is excellent, of the polished stone of the dis- 
trict. The buttresses are very strong, and 
well marked with very graceful niches, corbels, 
and canopies externally. At the side is a 
turret with a turnpike stair [of 28 steps] lead- 
ing up to a priest's chamber of the same size 
as the chajjel below." 

The upper story has three lights, two in 
the apse and a larger one in the west side, 
which command good views of the valley of 
the Bervie. There are a holy water stoup and 
a small awmbry ; also stone seats in the 
windows, but no fireplace. It is said that 
this apartment contained the library which 
was presented by Principal Ai'buthnott and 
added to by Mr. Sibbald ; but not a volume 
now remains, the place being occupied by a 
dilapidated bier and the remains of a " cutty 
stool ! " 

The chapel or lower portion of the aisle 
(which opens into the chancel of the church 
by an archway) has been the family burial 
place of the Arbuthnotts from time imme- 
morial. The front of a tomb upon which lies 
the stone effigy of a mailed figure, presents 



ARBUTHNOTT. 



201 



four separate shields, two of which are charged 
■with the Arbuthnott arms. Upon the chief 
of a third shield are two mullets, and npon the 
fourth is the fesse-chequey of Stewart of Athol. 

The effigy is popularly believed to represent 
Sir Hew le Blund, an early member of the 
Arbuthnott famUy ; but as the monument 
itself is in a much later style of carving, we 
are inclined to think, particularly since one of 
the shields bears the Stewart fess, that the 
figure is intended to represent James Arbuth- 
nott of that Ilk, who died in 1521, and 
whose wife was Jean Stewart, fourth daughter 
of the second Earl of Athol. 

An adjoining coffin-slab, upon which a cross, 
a sword, and two blank shields are carved in 
low relief (as here represented) is more in the 




style of the funeral monuments of the time 
of Sir Hew, who, about the year 1282, under 
the name and designation of " Hew le Blund, 
lord of Aberbothenoth," granted the patronage 
of the kii'k of Garvock and other privileges 
connected therewith to the Abbot and Con- 
vent of Arbroath. 

Although the gift of the church of Garvock 
is the chief incident recorded of Sir Hew's 
life, his name is preserved in the traditions of 
the district, and also in the well-known ballad 
of " Sir Hew le Blund." It was first printed 
in Scott's Border Minstrelsy, and Sir Hew is 
therein represented as having been the only 
knight who volunteered to defend the honour 
of the Queen against the slanders of an un- 
principled accuser. Having been victorious, 
he received, according to the ballad, a gift of 
the lands of " Ardbattle," which are locally 
understood to be those of Arbuthnott : — 

The Queen then said unto the King — 

" Ardbattle's near the sea ; 
Give it unto the northern knight 

That tliis day fought for me." 
Then .said the King — " Come here, Sir Knight, 

And drink a glass of "wine ; 
And if Ardbattle's not enough, 

To it we'll Fordoun join." 

It may here be observed that not only does 
the plot resemble that of SchUler's grand 
ballad of FridoUn, but the Arbuthnotts had 
no proprietary interest in Fordoun until about 
the beginning of the 17th century ; and 
according to another tradition. Sir Hew re- 
ceived Arbuthnott for having saved the life 
of the King when attacked by a wild boar in 
the Den of Pitcai'les. The missile, in the 
form of a cannon ball (!), with which the boar 
is said to have been killed, is preserved in 
the family aisle. 

It is a tradition in the Blond or Blunt 
family that Sir Hew married a daughter of the 
ancient house of D'Amonville, and not More- 
ville, as stated in Douglas's Peerage. But 
neither this point nor his alleged descent 



202 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS^ 



from the Blonds or Blunts of England (althougli 
both are quite probable) is borne out either by 
record or by any similarity of armorial bearings. 
The style and designation of Sir Hew in 
his grant of the church of Garvock certainly 
favours the hypothesis that his surname was 
Blund. If so, his immediate successor must, 
as was then customary, have dropt his pater- 
nal name and assumed the territorial one 
of De Arbhthnott. 

But it would appear that Sir Hew le Blund, 
if not himself a De Arbuthnott, had succeeded 
an earlier race of that name, since it is re- 
corded (Spald. Club Mis., v. 211), that the 
lands of Arbuthnott were acquired from 
Walter, son of Osbert the Crusader, by Hugh 
of Swinton, of the family of Swinton of that 
Hk in Berwickshire, who changed his name 
from Swinton to Arbuthnott. 

Sir Hew, whether his cognomen of " le 
Blund " was paternal, or assumed from any 
physical peculiarity, appears to have been the 
fourth successor of Hugh of Swinton. Ac- 
cording to the family genealogy, it was the 
sixth laird de Arbuthnott in succession to Sir 
Hew who was a party to the making of " heU 
broth" upon the hill of Garvock, where he 
assisted in boiling the Sheritf of the Mearns ! 
Sir Eobert Arbuthnott, who succeeded his 
father in 1663 and married a daughter of the 
Earl of Southesk, was raised to the peerage in 
1641. He took an active part in Church 
affairs, and, dying in 1655, was succeeded by 
his eldest son, of whose share of the main- 
tenance of "military horse" in 1677-8 the 
following account is preserved at Paumure, 
and here published for the iiist time ; — 

Compt. of the Intertainent of the Viscount of 

Ai-buthuots mUitary horse yearly, with the pay 

dew for the fyve dayes Kendizvouze at the route 

appoynted be ye act of parliat — 

The Viscount of Arbuthuot himself e - 015 . 02 . 06 

The Laird of Drum - - - - 007 . 06 . 06 

The VS'odsetter of birkinbus - - 002 . 11 . 00 



Compt. of the twentie dayea provisione to be fur- 
nished out be the Viscount of Arbuthnott and 
his Copartners for the horse to be putt out to 
this pnt expeditone for Stirling. Jany. 1678 — 
The Viscount of Arbuthnot himself e - 010 . 12 . 00 
The Laird of Drum - - - - 005 . 11 . 06 
The Wodsetter of liirkinbus - - 001 . 16 . 06 



025 . 00 . 00 



018 . 00 . 00 

A slab within the Allardyee aisle or chapel 

of the church exhibits the Arbuthnott arms, 

and also the initials, family motto, and date : — 

M. AL : AE. 
LWS . DEO . ANNO. 1673. 

— By those who believe that the Arbuthnott 
aisle was erected by Principal Arbuthnott of 
King's College, Aberdeen, the above may be 
set down as referring to that circumstance. 
He held the cure of Arbuthnott, 1569-83, in 
conjunction with his Principalsliip. He was 
a son of Arbuthnott of Pitcarles, and besides 
being remarkable for scholarship, he wrote 
several poems, one of which, " The Miseries 
of a Pure Scolar" (Sibbald's Chron. of Scot. 
Poetry, iii. 332), not oidy displays some 
touches of fine feeling, but also an intimate 
knowledge of human nature : — 

Scorning I halt ; yet maun I smyle, and smirk, 
Quhen I the moklis of uther men behald. 
Yea oft-tymes man I lauch, suppose I irk, 
Quhen bitterlie thair tauntis they have tauld. 
And sumtyme als, quhidder I nyl or wald. 
And scorne for scorne to gif I man tak tent. 
Quhat marvel is thoch I murue and lament ? 

Some writers suppose that Alexander Ar- 
buthnott, " burgess of Ldinburgh," who agreed 
with the Privy Council to issue the first 
edition of the Bible in Scotland, and the 
Principal were one and the same person. 
This point is not so well agreed upon nor is 
it so probable as that the publisher of the 
Biljle, if not a son of Arbuthnott of that Ilk, 
was in some way related to the Arbuthnott 
family, some of its junior members having be- 
fore then become merchants in Edinburgh. 

The history and circumstances of the lirst 
publication of the Bible in Scotland being 



ARBUTHNOTT. 



203 



well known, it is enough to say here that, 
after much delay the work appeared in 1579, 
bearing the imprint of Alexander Aebyth- 
NET, with a shiuld upon the title-page, on 
•which were the arms of Arbuthnott (with 
certain points for difference), impaleil with 
those of Thomas Bassandyne, tlie printer of 
the book. 

It is interesting to add that Arbuthnott's 
securities to the Privy Council for the fulfil- 
ment of his contract were the Guthries of 
Kincaldrum and Halkerston, Ehynd of Carse, 
all Angus lairds, and Arbuthnott of Lentusch 
in Aberdeenshire. In Chambers's Annals, 
owing probably to a misprint, the last men- 
tioned is called Arnot of Lentusch, and an 
Angus laii'd, but contemporary deeds show that 
the property of Lentusch, which is near the 
Kirktown of Rayne, was held by Ai'buthnotts 
before and for long after that time, and also 
that they possessed considerable means, one of 
them having lent the sum of 10,000 merks 
over the lands of Belhelvie in Aberdeenshire 
{Deed at Panmure). 

The burial aisle of the Allardyces of that 
lOi formed the chancel of the old church. It 
contains a piscina, is communicated with by a 
door on the east, and on the west by an en- 
trance into the Arbuthnott Aisle. 

The Allardyces had a settlement at Allar- 
dyce in the time of WiUiam the Lion, and 
continued to flourish, in the male line, until 
about 1776, when the heiress became the wife 
of Barclay of Ury, to whom she brought the 
estate. Lady Mart Graham, wife of Sir John 
AUardyce and a descendant of the Earls of 
Airth and Menteith, was buried here in 1720, 
but no stone marks the spot. It was through 
this marriage that the late Captain Barclay- 
AUardyce of L^ry claimed the Earldoms of 
Strathern, Menteith, and Airth, a claim which 
has suice been revived by his daughter (Mem. 
Angus & Mearus, 3-55. Epitaphs, i. 80-3). 



The lands of Allardice wore lately purchased 
by the Viscount of Arbuthnott, and the castle, 
now occupied by the farmer, presents some 
interesting points of the castellated architec- 
ture of the end of the 16lh and the beginning 
of the 17th centuri>'S. It stands upon the 
north bank of the Bervie, opposite to a re- 
markable rock from which and its position 
on the river the name of Allardice (] Aille- 
ard-es) had probably been assumed. 

Within and upon the south wall of the 
church, a marble tablet, dated 1864, sur- 
mounted by the legend: — y fynno dwy y 
PYDD— [What God wills, wiU be] — is thus 
inscribed : — 

In memory of George Brand, Esq., M.A., 
r.E.G.S., F.S.A., Her Britannic Majesty's Con- 
sul at Logos, Africa, formerly Britisli Vice-Con- 
sul and Acting Arbitrator at St. Paul de Loanda. 
Born in the parish of Arbuthnott, 4 December, 
1815 ; died at Sea, on board H.M.S. AJedo, 16 
June, 1860. His remains are interred at Logos, 
and over them is raised a granite obelisk, sent 
from this country, at the charge of his many 
friends and fellow-officers, by whom also is 
erected this last tribute of respect. He was 
simple and true of heart, of rare intellect and 
distinguished attainments, an able and conscien- 
tious public officer, and a faithful friend. 

— !Mr. Brand, who was born at Kirkstyle of 
Arbuthnott, and whose upbringing devolved 
entirely upon his mother, was apprenticed to 
a merchant in Montrose ; but subsequently 
left that business and went to College at Aber- 
deen, where he obtained a bursary. Through 
the influence of the Earl of Aberdeen he be- 
came a teacher in the Government Service, 
from which he rose to the high position stated 
upon his monument. 

The following inscriptions are from tomb- 
stones in various parts of the kirkyard : — 

[1.] 

Here lyes Margaret Guthrie, spouse to lohn 
Barclay in Craighill, who died April 17, 1730, 
ajred 51. 



204 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



[2.] 
Here lyes Iohn Farquchar, late tayler in 
Bervie. He died March ye 3d, 1766, aged 52 
years. 

[3.] 

This gravestone is erected in memory of Pa- 
trick Ogilvie, sometime vintner at Kirk of 
Arbuthnott, a man of good character, and great 
industry. He dyed on the 20th of June in the 
year 1772, in the 65th year of his age, and his 
body is here interred ; as also that of his spouse 
Katharine Brand, who died June the 9, 1787, 
aged 86 years. 

[4.] 
Alex. Robertson, tenant, Duncrean, b. 1706, 
d. 1779 :— 

Frail man, his days are like the grass, 
The longest life away doth quickly pass. 

[.5.] 

Erected by Helen and Elizabeth Morgan to 
the memory of their brother, the Rev. James 
Morgan, upwards of twenty years minister of 
the Scotch Church at Dordrect, in Holland, 
thereafter residing in Stonehaven, who died 15th 
Aug., 1869, in the 86th year of his age. 

Mr. M., whose death is stated in the Regis- 
ter of Fetteresso to Lave occurred on 31st 
July, was the son of a farmer in Arbuthnott. 
He was schoolmaster first of Mary Culter, 
and ne.xt of Bervie, and left at his death about 
£2000, the interest of which, in course of time, 
falls to the Aberdeen Infirmary. Mr. Morgan, 
who was an enthusiastic student of geology, 
bequeathed his collection of geological .speci- 
mens to the Montrose Museum. He was well 
acquainted with the formation of the rocks 
about Stonehaven, and took a pleasure in 
pointing out their peculiarities to those who 
had a taste for the science. It is told that on 
one occasion, while accompanying a clergy- 
man whose manner was very affected, and 
whose knowledge of geology was more pre- 
tentious than real, Mr. M. became so annoyed 
at the dogmatic tone in which he talked ujion 
the subject that he left him in disgust, re- 
marking in his broadest Doric—" There's nae 
use for ony body here 'at kens somefhing aboot 



the thing ! You speak wi' an authority, man ; 
an' as gin you'd been Clerk at the Creation o' 
the Warld ! " 

[6.] 

Erected by Clementina Watson in memory of 
her husband, James Murray, maltman in Mon- 
trose, who departed this life the 5th Feb., 1822, 
in the 69th year of his age. He was in the prac- 
tice of maltmaking for the .space of forty years. 

An honest man, life's rugged path he trod ; 

An honest man's the noblest work of God. 

Clementina Watson died at Montrose, 1846, 
aged 87. 

The following couplet, altered from that 
upon the tomb of the poet Gay at Westmin- 
ster, is upon a table-shaped stone to the 
memory of Alex. Stephen, mason, Pitcarles, 
who died 1743, aged 35 ; — ■ 

Life's but a shade, and all things show it ; 
I tho't so once, but now I know it. 

At the east end of the chancel is an enclosure 
which contains several tombstones belonging 
to a family named Napier, the first recorded 
of whom, George, died tenant of Mains of 
Arbuthnott, in 1793, aged 78. Some of their 
descendants, who have been grain millers in 
Stonehaven, have attained long ages, and a 
junior member of the family has written a 
Guide to Dunnottar Castle, &e. 

Upon the south-west of the church of Ar- 
buthnott are three headstones, the oldest of 
which shows that " William Nicol, sometime 
tenant at Bringeshill," died in 1758, aged 61. 
Upon another, in which " Brownieshlll" is a 
mistake for Bringei<hill, is this inscription :-- 

In memory of James Nicoll, formerly of 
Brownieshlll, afterwards farmer of Fawsyde, 
Kinnefl', who died April 18, 1808, aged 74 ; and 
Elspet Rankin, his spouse, who died Fela. 27, 
1814, aged 79 ; also their children, Jean, Rachel, 
and Elizabeth, who all died unmarried. 

— James Nicol had at least one daughter and 
two sons. The daughter married a neigh- 
bouring farmer of the name of Cowie, and 
one of the sons, a collector of customs at 



ARBUTHNOTT. 



205 



Banff, was the father of Dr. !Nicol, late of 
Fawsyde, while the other, a medical prac- 
titioner at Stonehaven, was father of the 
late Mr. J. Dyee Nicol of BaUogie, M.P., by 
a daughter of Mr. Dyce of Badentoy, merchant 
in Aberdeen (Epitaph-s, i. 78). 

The Rev. Jajies JIilne, whose father kept 
the hostelry at the Kirktown of Arbutlmott 
and held a small farm, is the only clergyman 
of the parish to whom there is a tombstone. 
He was at one time schoolmaster, and suc- 
ceeded to the church on the death of j\Ir. 
John Sh.\nk in 1818. Mr. Milne died in 
1850, aged 80. 

Tlie following is from an obelisk of light 
sandstone, within an enclosure : — 

To the memory of the Rev. William CiHRYs- 
TALL, A.M., for fift}' years parochial teacher of 
Arbuthnott. Born 13th April, 1793, died 17th 
June, 1865. Erected by Old Pupils and Friends 
as a tribute to dejjarted worth. 

— Mr. Chrystall, whose father was a merchant 
in Aberdeen, was an excellent scholar, having, 
whUe a student at Marischal College, gained 
the silver pen or the first prize in the junior 
Greek class. He was teacher at Garmond 
when recommended for the school of Arbuth- 
nott by Prof Stuart of Aberdeen, who in 
a letter to Mr. Chrystall shortly before his 
appointment in 1814 writes, " I entertain 
no apprehension of your losmg the school, 
being rather of opinion that the more you are 
known to the parishioners you will be the 
more esteemed." Mr. Chrystall was an unas- 
suming, worthy man, and the inscription upon 
the monument sliows that he realised the 
Professor's expectations. One, at least, of 
Mr. Chrystall's predecessors was of a different 
stamp, for in 1663 he was reported upon 
as being "negligent in attending to his school, 
and given to intemperance." 

After the death of Mr. Chrystall, a new 
school and school! louse were erected in a more 
suitable part of the parish, but the old build- 



ing, which is close to the churchyard, still re- 
mains. Over the door are the Arbuthnott 
arms, neatly carved in wood, with motto laus 
DEO, date 1713, and these words below : — 

The Right Son. John, Lord Viscount of 
Arbuthnott. 

— This refers to the fifth Viscount, \vho died 
in 1746, aged 64. Leaving no issue, he was 
succeeded by his cousin, grandson of the Hon. 
John Arbuthnott of Fordoun, from whom the 
present representative of the family is de- 
scended. 

A slab, dated 1654, or the time of the Eev. 
Mr. John Sibbald, is built into the gable of 
the house. It presents the arms and initials 
of (it is said) the contemporary heritors of the 
parish, viz. : — 

V.R.A. [Robt., the first Visct. Arbuthnott.] 

T.A. [T. Allardyce of AUardyce.] 

D.S. [D. Sibbald of ? Kair.] 

T.B. [T. Burnet of Castletoii.] 

I.S. [ ? I. Sibbald] and 

M.R.A. [) M. R. Arbuthnott.] 

From a headstone in churchyard : — 

Vii'tutis Gloria Merces : George Robertson 
died Augu.st 19, 1803, aged 12 yeare and 8 
months. He was the eldest son of George 
Robertson of Nether Bowerhouse, in Berwick- 
shire, who then lived at Mains of Arbuthnott. 
Erected in 1811. 

— Mr. Robertson, who was at one time farmer 
at Granton, near Edinburgh, was judicial 
factor on the Arbuthnott estates at the time of 
the death of his son. While there, he wrote 
the View of the Agriculture of Kincardine- 
shire (1808), a valuable and exhaustive work, 
with an appendix of extracts from the session 
registers of Arbuthnott. He was jireviously 
known as author of the View of the Agricul- 
ture of Midlothian, and subsecpieutly of the 
Topographical Description and Genealogical 
Account of the Principal Families of Ayrshire, 
Eural Recollections, &c. He wrote in Scot- 
tish verse the well-known poem of The Haiist 
Rig, edited and enlarged Crauford's History 



206 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



of Eenfrewsliire, and also contributed papers 
on Antiquities, Agriculture, &c., to the Scots 
and other Magazines. Mr. Eobertson, who 
died at Bower Lodge, Irvine, 26th Jan., 1832, 
left two daughter.^. He was nearly related to 
Mr. Kobertson of CoUieston and Cookston in 
Angus, and was also a relative and intimate 
friend of Sir David Wilkie — the sketching of 
Arbuthnott parishioners by whom, when in 
church with Mr. E. on Sundays, was long 
spoken of in the parish. 

An inscription upon one of the latest erected 
monuments at Arbuthnott presents these long 
ages and curious close : — ■ 

Erected by James Merchant, iu North America, 
in memory of his father James Merchant, who 
died January, 13th, 1869, aged 86 years. Also 
hia wife, Elizabeth Guthrie, who died Decem- 
ber 29th, 1862, aged 89 years. The miracles of 
God are great, for the said sou came here to see 
his last remains interred here. 



Being a thauedom, the lay manor of Arbuth- 
nott was farmed for the Crown until the time 
of Malcolm IV., by whom it was granted to 
Osbert Olifard the Crusader, by whose son 
Walter the lands were given to Hugh of 
Swinton, who, as before seen, changed his 
name to Arbuthnott, and possibly became 
the founder of the family. 

The lands of the Kirktown belonged to the 
Bishop of St. Andrews, under whom they 
were possessed by servants or vassals, named 
Gillanders {Gillie-Andrews, i.e., servants of 
the Bishop of St. Andrews). About 1206, 
Duncan of Arbuthnott took forcible posses- 
sion of the Kirktown, and on the Bishop's 
appealing to a Sj^nod of the Church, which 
was held at Perth iu that year, judgment 
was given in his favour. The evidence ad- 
duced on the occasion is, in many re.spects, 
of the highest importance, since it brings to 
light some new points regarding the tenures 
of a peculiar and early class of hereditary 



tenants, called scolocs or scologs, who appear to 
have officiated in the early church in some 
such capacity as readers or teachers, and who, 
in the so-called dark ages, were the precursors 
of our parochial schoolmasters. There is an 
admirable paper upon the Scholastic Offices of 
the Scotch Church during the 12th and 13th 
centuries by the late Dr. Joseph Robertson, 
printed along with a copy of the Decreet of 
the Synod of Perth (Spalding Club Mis- 
cellany, V.) 

The once popular and ancient game or fes- 
tival of the "cheesing of Eobin Hude and 
Abbot of Unreasonne" having been held in 
this parish after it was proscribed by law, 
John Eaitt, brother of the laird of Hallgreen, 
and some others who joined in the game, were 
tried by an assize at Edinburgh in 1570 upon 
a charge of treason and for the convocating 
of the lieges (Crim. Trials). 

A very interesting notice of this amusement 
is given in the Burgh Eecords of Aberdeen, 
under 17th Jan., 1508 (i. 439), and is also 
referred to by some of our early poets (Sib- 
bald's Chron., iii. 161). It appears to have 
consisted chiefly in a rejiresentation of the ex- 
ploits of Eobin Hood and Little John, his 
squire, which, although in itself harmless, 
often ended in bloodshed and sometimes in 
murder. It was owing to this that the choos- 
ing of " ane personage as Eobin Hude, Lyttil 
Johne, Abbottis of Ynressoun, or Queenis of 
May" was suppressed in Scotland by statute 
in 1555 (Acta Pari., ii. 500). 

Highland and similar gatherings, which 
are now so common throughout the country, 
are much the same in character as the old 
game of " Eobert Hude," and sometimes termi- 
nate in trials of strength in less commendable 
ways than by " tossing the caber." Although, 
in some cases, these exhibitions are patronised 
by Eoyalty, it is not impossible (although we 
hope the day may be far distant) that their 



ARBUTHNOTT. 



207 



suppression may yet be found to be necessary 
both for the safety of the people and the se- 
curity of the Throne. 

Allardice Castle and Arbuthnott House are 
the principal mansions in the parish. The 
former has been already noticed, and the date 
of 1588 and the initials A.A., which refer to 
Andrew Arbuthnott, who succeeded his father 
in 1579 and died in 1606, are upon a skew- 
put stone among the old buildings of the 
latter. 

The mansion-house and grounds, which are 
ujjon the north bank of the Bervie, were 
greatly improved and beautified some years 
ago, and the family papers, of which inven- 
tories and digests were made by the late Mr. 
Hume of Edinburgh, are in good preservation, 
and date from about the year 1200. A his- 
tory of the family was compiled from these 
MSS. by Principal Arbuthnott, who " deces- 
sit 16 Octobir at nycht 1583," and was con- 
tinued down to the Restoration by (as before 
said) the father of Dr. John Arbuthnott, the 
friend of Pope and Swift. The library con- 
tains some illustrated service books and 
missals, one of which, the Missal of S. Ternan 
of xirbuthnott, was published (1864) with an 
able preface by the late Bishop of Brecliin, 
and forms a valuable contribution to the 
Liturgical literature of the Ancient Scotch 
Church. It is believed to have been written, 
1471-84, by James Sibbald, vicar of Arbuth- 
nott and a cadet of the Sibbalds, who were 
owners of Kair from the beginning of the 13th 
century. This property, which has frequently 
changed hands, now belongs to Dr. Jolmston, 
who was sometime a medical practitioner in 
Montrose, and whose father was farmer of 
Cairnbeg in Fordoun. 

Dr. George Gleig, Bishop of Brecliin and 
author of some able and scliolarly works, was 
born at Boghall of Arbuthnott, where his 
father was blacksmith. It is told that the 



Bishop first intended to follow his father's occu- 
pation, which had passed from father to son for 
many generations, and that when he adopted a 
literary career his parents gave him up for 
lost! Bishop Gleig died at Stirling in 1840, 
aged 87, leaving a son, Mr. G. E. Gleig, the 
venerable chaplain-general to the Forces, and 
author of the " Subaltern" and many other 
works. Adam Gleig, the ancestor of this 
family and of the Gleigs of Montrose, Ar- 
broath, &c., was blacksmith at Hill of !Morphie 
in the parish of St. Cyrus (Epitaphs, i. 1.35). 

Of Boghall, which was once a considerable 
hamlet and the scat of an alehouse, nothing 
now remains. Its " desolation " is bewailed 
in a curious rhyme by Elizabeth Tevendale, 
a native of Arbuthnott, who, in a volume of 
poems (48pp. Abdn., 1820), says her "fathers 
lived tliree hundred years at Bogha." 

George Menzjes, another poet, was born 
at Townhead of Arbuthnott in 1797. He was 
first a gardener, next a teacher, and afterwards 
emigrated to America, where he died in 1847 
proprietor and editor of the Woodstock Herald. 
His jjoems (50 pp. Forfar, 1822) were reprin- 
ted, with additions and memoir, at Montrose 
in 1854. 

Arbuthnott has also the honour of being 
the birth-place of Mr. William Kinloch, the 
nobleness and generosity of whose actions 
show that, although of humble origin, he 
possessed a head and a heart that would have 
added lustre to a coronet. He was born about 
1769-70, and after working for some time as a 
farm-servant, during which he educated him- 
self in his leisure hours, he liecame known to 
the Piev. Mr. Shank, of Arbuthnott, through 
whose influence with Mr. Scott of Duniuald, 
he obtained a clerkship in the house of Messrs. 
Fairlie and Gilnmre, Calcutta. Having realised 
a fortune in India, he returned home about 
1806, and by wiU, dated 7th March, 1812, 
after providing liberally for his relatives and 



208 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



leaving handsome legacies to those that had 
been kind to his mother, Margaret Morrice, 
and to himself in early life, he left X3000 to 
" the native poor " of the parish of Ai-biith- 
nott. The residue of his fortune, which 
amounted to £76,495 7s. 2d. 3 per cent, stock, 
he bequeathed for the behoof of " soldiers and 
sailors of Scotch extraction, who have lost 
their legs, arms, and eyesight, or been other- 
wise maimed and wounded in the service of 
their country." 

Still, notwithstanding the large amount of 
money which Mr. Kinloch left to the poor of 
his native parish and the truly humane and 
patriotic purpose to which he applied the 
great bulk of his fortune, there is no memorial 
to his memory at Arbuthnott, and the very 
place of his burial is unknown to the Direc- 
tors of the Scottish Hospital, London, to 
whom the management of the trust was as- 
signed. Mr. Kinloch died in London in the 
month of July following the date of his will. 

[Ins. compd. by Mr. Trotter, schoolmr.j 



VV\\V\V\\\\\\\\\\\V\V\VV\\V^\\%\\\V\%WW\\\\V\\\N 



21 u f t) i n tJ i i\ 

{THE BLESSED VIRGIN.) 

A DISPUTE arose in 1236 between the 
Bishops of Aberdeen and Moray re- 
garding the diocesan jurisdiction of several 
churches, among which was that of Dauendor 
(Eeg. IVIorav.) The old name of Dau-in-dor 
has possibly some such meaning as that of 
daughs or cultivated pieces of land in a dis- 
trict abounding in hdlocks and water. 

In 1361, the Earl of Jlar presented his 
clerk, Sir John of Mar, to the rectory of the 
church, and also consented to its being united 



to Invernochty, now Strathdon, but this imion 
does not appear ever to have taken place (Reg. 
Abdn.) 

The kirk of Danandor is rated at 48s. in 
1275 (Theiner), and in 1513-14 it was erected 
into a prebend of King's College, Aberdeen. 
In 1574, the kirks of Auchindoir, Kerne, and 
three others, were served by one minister, but 
each place had its own reader. 

Contrary to the usual orientation of old 
churches, that of Auchindoir is north-west and 
south-east. The altar is in the north-west 
corner, and the belfry, which is dated 1664, 
is upon the south end. One of the window 
lintels bears — NEC . JliHi . NEC. tibi (neither 
for me nor thee). The ruins occupy a knoll, 
about 100 feet above the burn of Craig and 
near a conical moated rock, called Cuniine's 
Craig, upon which, according to tradition, stood 
the Castrwn Auchindorice of Boethius. 

The church, which is covered with ivy, is in 
the Romanesque style of architecture. It was 
probably erected by William Gordon of Craig 
and his wife Clara Chein, whose arms and in- 
itials, dated 1557, are on the north-west cor- 
ner of the budding. Adjoining are an altar 
piece and awmbry, both of freestone. The 
first part of the following inscription is upon a 
ribbon on the roof of the sacrament house, tlie 
initial letters being upon the sill of the 
awmbry : — • 

HIC . E . CORP' . DXI . CVM 

M . A . S. 

[Here 13 the body of Our Lord, with Mary, the 

Apostles, and Saints.] 

In front of the altar lie two tombstones. 
One exhibits the Gordon arms, the initials 
P.G,, and these traces of an inscription : — 



— This possibly refers to Patrick Gordon, in 
Fulyement, now Wheedlemont, who had a 
charter of the lands of Johnsleyes in 1507, 



A UCHINDOIR. 



209 



and who also appears to have been the first 
Gordon of Auchindoir. He fell at FlodJen in 
1513, while fighting under liis chief, the Earl 
of Huntly. 

The Gordons were preceded in Auchindoir 
by the Irvines of Drum, and Sir Alexander, 
the first Irvine of Auchindoir, received char- 
ters of it in 1506. It is possibly to him, and 
not, as is generally supposed, to the knight 
who fell at Harlaw in l-tll, that the brass in 
Drum's Aisle, Aberdeen, was erected. For 
the Sir Alexander to whom the brass relates is 
there described as of Drum, Auchindoir, and 
Forgleii ; now the Irvines did not acquire 
Forglen until some months after the battle of 
Harlaw, and it wOl be seen that it was nearly 
a century later that they came into possession 
of Auchindoir ((-oil. Abd. and Banff). 

The other old tombstone at Aucliindoir is in 
excellent preservation. It bears a shield, in- 
itialed I.G., C.L. and charged with the Gor- 
don and Leith arms (a double cross crosslet 
and a buckle between three fusils), and these 
letters and date : — 

L . H . M. 
C . A . S. 
1580. 
— The arms and initials upon this stone point 
to an intermarriage with the Leith family, but 
of this, so far as we know, there is no record. 
There are no other stones at Auchindoir relat- 
ing to the old Gordons of Craig, and since the 
succession of the present proprietor these 
monuments have both disappeared. 

Two marble slabs, encased in freestone and 
within an enclosure on the south side of the 
kirkyard, bear these inscriptions : — 

Here lie the remains of James Gordon of 
Craig, an advocate at the Scottish Bar, and for 
more than half-a-century proprietor of the lands. 
Born 29 September 1767, died 14 April 1852. 

[2.] 
In memory of Ann-Elizabeth, dairghter of 
John Johnstone of Alva, iu Stirlingshire, and 



spouse of James Gordoji of Craig. Born 1st 
March 1776, died 26th March, 1851. 

— James Gordon's father was sheriff'-clerk of 
Aberdeenshire, and his younger son Francis, 
who succeeded to Craig, bought the property 
of Kincardine O'Neil, and died in 1859. His 
daughter and heiress married a younger son of 
Mr. Johnstone of Alva, and she and her second 
daughter Mary were both accidentally burned 
to death at Nice in January, 1863. Her eldest 
daughter Elizabeth married the late Mr. 
Hugh Scott of Gala, and on the death of her 
mother, Mrs. Scott succeeded to Kincardine 
O'Neil, and became representative of the 
Gordons of Craig and Kincardine. 

But by the will of Mr. James Gordon, who 
died in 1852, the property of Craig passed, 
on the death of Mrs. Johnstone, to the family 
of Barbara, a sister of the testator, who mar- 
ried Mr. Brown, minister first at Rhynie, and 
afterwards at Newhills. Mrs. Brown had a 
daughter who married Mr. Alex. Shirrefs, 
advocate, Aberdeen (brother of the Kev. Dr. 
Shirrefs of that town), by whom she had a 
son, who became a colonel in the army, and 
Colonel Shirrefs son, who assumes the surname 
of Shirrefa-Giirdon, is now proprietor of Craig 
(Epitaphs, i. 266, 286.) 

Upon the east wall, within the ruins of the 
church and upon the site of the old pulpit, a 
marble tablet is erected " by his surviving and 
grateful relatives, John Reid, late 54th Kegt., 
and Saml. Parke, both of the city of Dublin," 
to the memory of the Rev. James Reid, who 
was 57 years minister of the parish of Auchin- 
doir, and died 1st April, 1842, aged 93. 

The old pulpit was an object of some. inte- 
rest, having been ornamented with carvings in 
wood. The back, which was sold along with 
the rest of the fittings of the church in 
1812, and all the panels but two are filled 
with carved work. One panel contains a 
shield, charged with the Davidson arms, and 

d2 



210 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



the initials W.D. (Wm. Diividson), siu-rounded 
by these words : — 

HOLINES . TO . THE . LORD . CHAPT . 28 . OF . 
EXOD . VER . 36 

Upon another panel : — 

lEHOVA . THY . THVMIM . & . THV . VRI . VITH 
THY . HOLT . ON . 1625. 

— Like the most of his contemporaries in 
these parts, Mr. Davidson suffered losses 
through the ravages of the JIarquis of Mon- 
trose. He was a St. Andrews student, and was 
minister at Auchiiidoir from about 1633 untU 
1667 (Scott's Fasti). 

Prom a slab built into the east wall of the 
ruius : — 

I.L. : H.S. In the south east corner of this 
cbm-ch lies Helleu Shiref, spous to lohn Lums- 
den in Ardhunchar, wh" departed this life lauuar 
the 24, 1744, aged 72 years. 

— Mr. Lumsden, who bore the sobriquet of 
the Old Turk, was buried within the church, 
and tradition affirms that Mr. John Gordon of 
Craig raised an action at law with the view of 
having the " Old Turk's " remains removed 
outside. It is added that his son, who was 
a farmer, having in the meantime acquired 
the lands of Towie in Clatt, was described in 
the summons as " John Lumsden of Towie, 
alias the Young Turk ; " and when a witness 
was asked wliether he had ever heard him so 
called, he answered in the affirmative, and gave 
for reason that, like his father, young Lums- 
den " feared neither God nor man ! " 

Several tombstones (mostly table-shaped) 
lie upon the north-east side of the burial 
ground. The oldest, which is ornamented 
with crossed bones, a sand glass, and a bell, 
presents the following traces of an inscrip- 
tion : — 

GORDON . LAVFUL . SPOVS . TO . 

MARGARET . STRACHAN . WHO . DEPARTED . THIS 
. LIFE . AUGUST . . . 1720 . AGED . — 9. 

— The erector of this is said to have been 
James Gordon, tenant of Mill of Auchindoir, 



wliose daughter Elizabeth was twice married, 
first to William Forbes, and next to Charles 
Lumsden. By the former, who succeeded to the 
farm, she had, with other children, a son 
WUliam, who became a coppersmith and bur- 
gess of Aberdeen, and who, about the middle 
of the last century, when so much black motley 
in the shape of French and Dutch bodies 
was in circulation, agreed with the Synod of 
Aberdeen to take all the bad copper from 
the Kirk-sessions within their bounds at the 
rate of 7 Jd. per lb. when melted, and to furnish 
each session with £\ sterling in British far- 
things to supply the place of the foreign coins 
{Inverkeithney Sess. Pec, 1750). The copper- 
smith, who married a daughter of the Rev. 
Mr.. Dyce, minister of Belhelvie, was the 
father of William Forbes, who bought the 
estates of Calender, &c., Stirlingshire, in 1783. 
An interesting liotice of this " son of fortune," 
as he is called, and a curious engraving, en- 
titled " Copper-bottom's Retreat," are given in 
Kay's Edinburgh Portraits. 

The next inscription refers to Mrs. Forbes's 
sister and family. Upon the tombstone is a 
shield, charged, in pale sinister, 3 boars' heads 
between a cross-crosslet with 2 crescents in 
base, and the same arms in dexter except that 
the 2 crescents are in chief. The crosa-cross- 
let probably shows a connection with the 
Craig branch of the Gordons :— 

In memory of Elspet Gordon, who died at 
Brae of Scurdargue, Rhynie, July 12th, 1742, 
aged 50 years, and her husband, Robt. Gordon, 
late fanner there, who died April 10th, 1754, 
aged 68 years. Also their second son George, 
late farmer in Mains of Rhynie, who died June 
28, 1784, aged 63 years, and of his spouse Jane, 
only daughter of George and Isobel Gordon, for- 
merly in Mains of Rhjojie, who died March 21st, 
1810, in the 31st year of her age. 

The latter part of the next inscription re- 
lates to Mrs. Forbes and her second husband : — 

This stone is placed to the memory of Francis 
Lumsden, some time fanner in Belchery, who 



A UCHINDOIR. 



211 



died January 6th 1804, aged 78 years, by Mar- 
garet Donald his spouse. Also Charles Lumsden, 
aged 85 years, and Elisabeth Gordon, aged 60, 
his Parents. 

There are several several monuments to the 
Gordons that tenanted Mains of Ehynie, the 
last recorded of whom died in 18 — . The 
oldest of another set of tombstones, belong- 
ing to the same race, bears the name of 
William Gordon, JIuir of Ehynie, and the 
dates of 1749 and 1779. One of these is erected 

In memory of James Gordon, Esq., of Little- 
folia, who died 11 March, 1823, aged 72 yeai-s. 

Anne Gordon, his spouse, died at 

Cooklarachy, 8 Dec. 1811, aged 53 years. 

Gordon, who lived at Cocklaraohie, near 
Huntly, was long factor for the Dukes of 
Gordon, and being anxious on all occasions to 
save the purse of his chief, he is said to have 
demolished the grand staircase of the old 
castle of Strathbo^ie, and had the materials 
used for building purposes ! From being 
tenant of Brae of Scurdargue, he was famili- 
arly known as Brae. 

His first wife Ann M'Donald, who died in 
1811, is said to have had six sons and four 
daughters, and his second wife Barbara Gib- 
son, who, soon after the death of her husband, 
married Henry Bruce, the family tutor, by 
whom slie had a son and a daughter, is said 
to have had two sons and two daughters by 
Brae. Her eldest son Alexander married a 
Miss Fraser, and left issue. He succeeded his 
father in the farm of Cocklarachie, and also in 
the properties of Littlefolla in Fyvie and 
Blackball in Inverurie, but did not long re- 
tain either. 

The following (abridged as is tlie previous 
inscription) relates to the husband of Ann 
Gordon, who was a daughter of Brae's by 
Ann j\I 'Donald, and who died in 1842 : — 

Here rest the remains of the Eev. John Dunn, 
minister of Kirkwall, where he died 24th Deer., 
1830, lamented by his flock, and by the erector 
of this luonument, his affectionate Widow. 



— Mr. Dunn, who belonged to the neighbour- 
hood of Laurencekirk, and was sometime 
schoolmaster first of Dunnet and afterwards 
of Sanday, was presented to the second charge 
of Kirkwall in 1815 (Scott's Fasti). 

One of Brae's sons, who was a commander 
in the navy, and latterly farmer of Ittingstone, 
near Huntly, died in June, 1877, aged 89. 

The next two inscriptions are from upright 
and flat stones respectively : — 

[6.] 
Hei'e lyes the body of George Eanald, who 
dept. this hfe, Novr. 27th, 1760, aged 89 years. 

[7.] 
To the memory of Anne Bonnyman, an honest 
woman, who died July 15th, 1782, aged 85. This 
stone was erected by her husband, William 
Ronald, sometime farmer in Marchmar. 

— These were ancestors of the Eev. Mr. "Wm. 
Eonald, late schoolmaster, Cabrach, an accom- 
plished scholar, and an unobtrusive and kind- 
hearted man. The Eonalds are said to have 
been a branch of the Macdonalds of Keppoch, 
Inverness-shire ; and Marchmar and ilar's 
Eoads, which lie on the west side of tlie hill of 
Correan, were so named from being upon the 
boundary between the lands of Mar and 
Garioch. But as examples of " folk lore," it 
may be stated that, according to tradition, both 
names arose from the Earl of Mar having 
marched hi'? army through these parts during 
the rebellion of 1715 ! and the same authority 
asserts, in regard to the origin of the name of 
the parish, that when the builder of the old 
church was asked how ho was getting on with 
the work, he replied, in allusion to the ornate 
style of its door — " A' thing's ga'in on braw- 
lie ; but, Aiih f ane door ! " 
From a table stone : — 

Under this stone lyes the dust of John 
Eraser, who died in Creach, May 7th, 1828, 
aged 8ht years. He was taken from this transi- 
tory world in the early part of his life, stained 
with no crimes, in hope of being conducted by 
the same guide that convied Lazuarus into 



212 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCPIPTIONS : 



Abraham's bosom, and of having the reward of 
the Kighteous, and his abode among the blessed. 

[8.] 
John Murray died 12th April 1793, aged 
86 years. He was 65 years gardener .at Craig. 
This stone is gratefully placed by John Gordon 
of Craig, to the memory of an honest man, a 
sincere friend, and faithful servant. 
[9.] 
This stone is placed upon the grave of John 
Begrie, by direction of John Gordon of Craig, 
to the memory of an honest man, and a faithful 
servant. 20 March 1792. 
[10.] 
This plain stone 
What few vain marbles can 
May truly say Here 
Lyes an honest man. 
John Burnet died at Foordmouth of Craig, 
Febraary 1775, aged above 90 years. Don by 
the care of Anne Biu-net his daughter. 

[11.] 
Here lyes Alexr. Cook in Craigend, who 
dyed May the . . . 1681, aged 50 years. 
Margret Hood, his spous dyed Novr. the 3, 
1700, aged 63. Alaster Cook, his son dyed 
Febr. the 20, 1737, aged 63. Willm . Cook 
his 2d son, dyed Dec. the 11, 1716, aged 40; 
and his spous Bessie Langue (! Laing). 

A table-sliaped stone at the north end of 
the kirk exhibits a shield charged with 
masonic emblems, the craftsman's private 
mark, with an open Bible for a crest, &c. It 
is also thus inscribed : — 

Here ly the folowing children of John Mont- 
gomry late masson at Craig, and of Isabel Forrest 
his spouse, Hugh James, and Jean Montgomry 
all in the 23 yr of thair age. As also the bodies 
of Elspet Jameson, spouse to John Montgomry, 
who died 1763, aged 81 ; and Lewis, hir son in 
nonage ; and also Hugh, son to the said John 
Montgomry, junr., and Anne Jameson his spouse, 
who died 1767, aged 1 years and 6 months. Mors 
Janva Vitje. 

From an adjoining tablestone, which was 
selected at the quarry by, and set aside as a 
tombstone for, the person coraniemorated : — 

In memory of George Jamieson, late in Broom 
of Rhynie, he died 1st Octr., 1832, aged 55 years. 
Also of his spouse, Elizabeth Moeison, who 
died 9th August 1859, aged 91 years. 



A headstone records the death of Charles 
Tough, who died at Tamduff in 1853, aged 
84, and his wife Marg.\ret Paul, who died 
in 1863 at the age of 88. The next two in- 
scriptions also give the deaths of two long- 
lived inhabitants : — 

This stone is placed upon the gi-ave of George 
Leid, who died Novt. 13, 1799, in the 93rd year 
of his age. Done by the care of his son, James 
Leid, blacksmith at Craig. 

[2.] 
Here lyes Thomas Laing, sometime in Neu- 
biggeng, who died Octr. 13, 1765, aged 85 ; and 
IsoBELE NiLL, his spouse, died May 12th, 1758, 
aged 60, who bare to him five sons & one daughter, 
James, Wm., John, Thos., Patrick, & Barbra 
Laings. 

Upon a freestone obelisk at the back of 
the church : — 

Erected in memory of Harry Gauld, poet ; 
born 1791, died at Lumsden, 11th Deer., 1873. 
— This " son of song," who was latterly sup- 
ported by kind neighbours, was at one time a 
teacher, and afterwards postmaster at Lumsden 
Village. He published a volume of poems 
(Abd. 1828), which is pretty well-known in 
the district, and he is said to have had corres- 
pondence with Sir Walter Scott, and also to 
have presented one of his poems to the Prince 
Consort. The monument was kindly erected 
by the late Mr. Sim, quarry-master, Auchin- 
doir. 



In regard to the history of the castle of 
Craig, of which and the old kirk of Auchin- 
doir notices will be found in Proceedings of 
the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (vol. 
viii.), it need only be here stated that a num- 
ber of shields and armorial bearings are built 
into various parts of the castle. Over the 
old front door are the Gordon and Cheyne 
arms impaled, and the fo. lowing date and 
initials : — 

MDX8 : V. G. : C. C. 



AUCHINDOIR. 



213 



— These initials refer to William Gordon and 
Clara Cheyne before mentioned. Another 

shield bears the four coats of Gordon, 1 

Barclay, and Stewart, initialed at top, P. G : 
E. B., and in the base are the name of Johns- 
leyes, and the initials, thus : — 

idlSLEIS : V. G. : E. S. 

— This refers to William, son of Patrick Gor- 
don of Johnsleys, and his wife, who was a 
Stewart of Laithers, and by him the old por- 
tion of the castle of Craig was finished in 
1518 (Harperfield's Pedigree Tables). A new 
house was conjoined with the old one about 
1832, when the much-to-be-regretted altera- 
tions were made upon the old baronial keep. 

Although the old kirkyard and the Mansion- 
house of Clova are locally situated in Kil- 
drummy (Epitaphs, i. 260-1), a great part of 
the estate lies within Auchindoir. The House 
has been much enlarged by the present laird, 
who has also formed a very interesting museum 
of antiquities of the stone, bronze, and iron 
periods, chiefly collected in the district and 
comprising several Celtic crosses, which were 
found in the old burial ground of Clova, an 
octagonal font, and some of the dressed stores 
of the ancient ch tpel. 

It was not until 1782 that Clova passed 
from John Lumsden of Cushnie and became 
by purchase the property of his cousin, Harry 
Lumsden of Kingston, Jamaica, by whose 
will it came to the ancestors of the present 
hiird. There is a carving of the Lumsden 
arms in the garden at Clova ; anil when a 
portion of the old mansion-house was taken 
down, there was found in the wall a gravestone 
upon which are rudely cut a skull and cioss 
bones and this iuscription : — 

Here lyes Iohn Taylor, who live . in Bogs, 
depr. this life April the 17, 175 — . 

The House of Cluva s'ands about a mile to 
the \vest of Lumsden VUlagc, a place which 



has been very much improved in appearance 
within the last few years. It contains about 
500 inhabitants, has a Free and an U.P. 
Church, a branch bank, &c. It is also one 
of the stages between Gartly railway station 
and Strathdon. 

Within an enclosure near Chapel-House, in 
the vicinity of the village, lie the remains of 
Sir Hakey Niven-Lumsden, Bart., and those 
of his lady and family (Epitaphs, i. 264). 

Mary Fair was held at Newton of Auchin- 
doir twice a-year — in spring and autumn — 
until about 1822, when the father of the 
present tenant, in consequence of the annoy- 
ance to which he was subjected at the time of 
the market, gave a pecuniary consideration to 
have it removed to Lumsden Village. " The 
INIarket Hillock " is stiU pointed out upon the 
farm of Newton ; and it was long customary 
to award a prize to the best-looking servant 
girl that attended the " feeing market." The 
judges were such of the neighbouring pro- 
prietors as happened to be present at the fair, 
and the gift consisted of a flower — said to have 
been a lily — with a one pound note tied round 
its stalk, the winner of which was dubbed for 
the year " The Flower o' Mary Fair." This 
custom is one of much interest, particularly 
when it is borne in mind that the lily is the 
cognisance of the Holy Virgin, to whom the 
kirk of Auchindoir was dedicated, and is one 
of the many instances that show huw tena- 
ciously certain of the fine Monkish legends, 
of which this is probably one of the most 
beautiful, cling to certain districts. 

There was a ballad calhd "The Flower o' 
Mary Fair," of which the following stanza 
has been preserved : — 

Fare ye weel, ye bonnie Kewton, 

Happy hae 1 been at thee, 
Gatherin' up the market custom — 
An' muckle did they think o' me. 

An Ep's ;i'pal chap'd stuod upon the farm of 
Newton at one time ; and on the east side of 



m 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



the Burn of Craig, about 100 5'ards from the 
old kirkyard, is S. Mart's Well, the water 
of which is said to have possessed a special 
virtue for the cure of toothache. 

Near the Manse of Auchindoir, the burns 
of Clova and Craig unite to form the Bogie. 
This river presents many picturesque and 
romantic points, not only in the united 
parishes of Auchindoir and Kearn, but in 
Gartly and Huntly, through all of which 
it flows, and tails into the Deveron below the 
town of Huntly. 

The parish of Auchindoir has long been 
famed for its freestone quarries, which are still 
worked, and are situated upon a hill above 
Mains of Ehynie. 

A pile of laud stones, which has now 
disappeared, was long a prominent object 
upon the Quarry hill. Tt was called Gerrie's 
Cairn, and was raised upon the spot where a 
person of that name was accidentally killed 
by a fall from his horse about 100 years ago, 
when returning from the funeral of Mrs. 
Gordon of Craig. Mr. Gerrie or Garioch, 
who was proprietor of Daugh of Essie and 
farmer of Milton of Noth, is said to have 
been a descendant of the old family of Kin- 
stair in Alford (Epitaphs, i. 120). He was 
an ancestor — probably the great-great-grand- 
father — of the late Eev. Mr. Garioch, of the 
Free Church, Oldmeldrum. 

[Ins. compd. by Mr. H. L. Smith, fanner, Newton.] 

.VWVVWVWWN\V\\*\\^\^%VVV\\\AAVW\%\V%N\VV\W\N 



THE kirk of Kerijn belonged to the dio- 
cese of Aberdeen, and is rated at one 
merk in the Taxation of the Scotch benefices 
for the year 1275 (Theiuer). 



The districts of Kearn and Auchindoir both 
belonged to the Cumins, Earls of Buchan, and 
although the Forbeses had no property in the 
parish until 13-30, tradition avers that the 
church was originally built by a Lord Forbes 
as a family chiipel. It is also said that a 
Lady Forbes, who quarrelled with one of the 
ministers, retained part (i the stipend, which 
she approjjriated towards the building of the 
last kirk of Kearn. 

In 1574, the kirks of Kerne, Auchindoir, 
and three others were served by one minister, 
but each parish had its own reader. Kearn 
was at one time annexed to the suppressed 
parish of Forbes, but was disjoined from it by 
Act of Assembly about 1795, and attached to 
Auchindoir. It was not, however, until about 
1807, when Mr. Benjamin Mercer was trans- 
lated from Forbes and Kearn to the parish of 
Kildrummy, that the annexation of Kearn and 
Auchindoir was effected. 

Mr. Mercer was buried at Towie in Strath- 
don, where a table-shaped stone bears the fol- 
lowing inscription : — 

In memory of John Mercer, born in this 
parish, who died at Manse of Kildrummy, 25th 
Deer., 1756, aged about 60 yeare. And of 
Benj.\min Mercer, his son, who, after being 
minister of the Gospel 31 yeai-s at Forbes & 
Kearn, and 8 yeara at Kildrummy, died 10th 
Oct., 1815, aged 81 years. 

— The latter, who was at first schoolmaster of 
Tough, was a very eccentric man, and mar- 
ried a daughter of Steuart of Carnaveron in 
Alford. Their only son James, who became a 
lieutenant in the army, was killed in Spain 
while bravely defending a bridge during the 
battle of Corunna. 

Public worship was held at Kearn until 
1810-11. The kirk was then demolished, and 
the stones are said to have been used 'in erect- 
ing the kirkyard dykes and parts of the burial 
aisles of the Forbeses and the Grants. 

The Forbes aisle, which has been recently 



KEARN. 



215 



rebuilt, stands upon the site of the old church, 
and within it, according to story, lie no fewer 
than fifteen Lords Forbes, but no stone bears 
the name of any one of them. The aisle con- 
tains three monuments. The inscriptions of 
the first two are prettily carved in raised inter- 
laced letters on freestone, and the third is 
upon a mural tablet of white marble : — 

[1] 

AFOR . TIS . LYIS . ELSPET . DANTE . SPOVS . 
TO . GEORG . FASTID . QVHA . DEPARTIT . YIS . 
LYF . TE . ■ ZEIR . OF . GOD . 1605 . TITH . 
lAMES . A>-D . ROBERT . THAIR . SONIS . & . lANE . 

LIFE . IS . AS . PLEISIS . GOD . 
TAB . DOOHTER . AND . THINKIS . HEIR . TO . 
LY . MYSELF . BE . YE . GRACE . OF . GOD . 
AND . ELSPET . FORBES . NOV . MY . PRESENT . 
SPOVS . DOOHTER . TO . DVNCAN . FORBES . IN . 
BLAIRKOVL . 

A bold carving of the Forbes arms is near 
the top of the slab from which the following- 
inscription is copied : — • 

[2.] 

HEIR . LYIS . lOHNE . FORBES . 4 . GOODMANE . 
OF . CR . . . TONE . WHO . DEPARTED . YIS . 
LYIF . YE . . . DAY . OF . AVGVST . ZEIR . OF . 
GOD . 1622 . AND . ALSO . HEIR . LYIS . IHONE . 
FORBES . HIS . FATHER . lAMES . FORBES . HIS . 
QOODSIR . PATRIK . HIS . GRANDSYR . I . F . 
HIS . SPOVS . DOOHTER . TO . I . F . OF . CASK . 

— Patrick, the first Forbes of Craigton, was a 
son of George of Lethenty (second son of Sir 
Alexander Forbes of Pitsligo) by a daughter 
of Caddell of Ashlon. " Patrick Forbes of 
Craigton married a daughter of Blewshel's, 
provost of Aberdeen, who was a relict of the 
Laii'd of Culter, who did bear to him James 
Forbes of Craigtoune " (Lumsdeu's Genea- 
logie). 

In 1573, James Forbes of Craigton, with 
a number of kinsmen and others, was ex- 
amined regarding certain outrages which the 
Earl of Huntly was alleged to have made upon 
the Forbeses, their tenants, and lands. He 
married a daughter of Eobert Alardes of 
Badenscoth, by whom he had John, father 



of the " 4 goodmane of Craigtone" (Ibid ; 
Antiq. of Abd. and Banff, iv.) 

In 1617, John Forbes of Gask, near Turriff, 
who married Isabella Urquhart and died in 
1653 (Tonibd. at Turriff), witnessed a con- 
tract between Lord Forbes and the celebrated 
Mr. Andrew Cant regarding a piece of land 
at Alford. 

[3.] 

Here are deposited in the firm hope of a 
blessed resurrection the asbes of Sir William 
Forbes, Baronet, advocate, of the family of 
Moueymusk, who left this transitoiy world ou 
the 12th of May, 1743, aged 36. Adorned with 
many vii'tues, stained with no crimes, with the 
shattered remains of paternal possessions, once 
ample and flourishing, he supported through the 
whole of life, without ostentation, but with 
dignity and spirit, that rank to which he was 
by birth entitled. In his death, which he long 
foresaw, he displayed equal magnanimity, en- 
during without complaint the attacks of a paiufid 
distemper, and calmly resiguiug his soul to Him 
who gave it. This marble is erected by his only 
surviving Sou, who, though deeply afi'ected with 
his loss, submits to the Divine wisdom that saw 
proper to deprive him of such a parent before he 
was able to profit by so bright an example of 
Christian viitue. Let me die the death of the 
righteous ; and let my last end be like his. 
Numb, xxiii. 10. 

— This was composed by Dr. Beattie, author 
of The Jlinstrel. The person commemorated 
was Professor of Civil Law in King's College, 
Aberdeen, and father of Sir William Forbes 
of Pitsligo, Bart., the celebrated banker. 
Lady Foibes, who was the daughter of a 
younger son of the Baronet of Monymusk by 
Susan, daughter of George Morison of Bognie, 
was left with Sir William and a younger son. 
The latter died at the age of seven, and Lady 
Forbes, who died at Edinburgh in 1809 at 
the age of 83, was buried in the old Grey- 
friars Churchyard of that city. The Narra- 
tive of her Last Sickness and Death, compiled 
by Sir William "' as a debt of gratitude to the 
memory of one of the best of Parents," not 
only is in itself a delightful and instructive 



216 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTION'S: 



mono^'ra^jh, but possesses ailditional interest 
from its being one of the last publications 
given to the world by Lady Forbes's lamented 
descendant, the late Bishop of Brechin. 

This eminent divine and accomplished 
scholar, who was the second son of Lord Med- 
wyn, by a daughter of Sir Alexander Gordon- 
Cumming of Altyre, Bart., was a great- 
grandson of the erector of the nionumi^nt at 
Kearn. Besides numerous contributions to 
theological literature, he made many additions 
to the science of archajology, the value of 
which, including his Kalendars of Scottish 
Saints — in themselves a monument of genius 
and industry — will be more and more appreci- 
ated as time rolls on. Apart from his familiarity 
with the literature of almost every age and 
country, his knowledge of minor matters was 
of the most varied and exact description ; and 
while no one possessed a more thorough ac- 
quaintance with every phase of the human 
mind, a more unaffected, generous, and sympa- 
thizing spirit than his never passed to its rest. 
He was possibly one of the most influential 
dignitaries of the Church to which he be- 
longed, and as he was constantly ministering 
personally to the temporal as well as to the 
spiritual wants, not only of his own people 
but of those of other denominations, his death, 
which occurred somewhat suddenly at his 
residence in Dundee on 8th Oct., 1875, was 
lamented by all classes of the community. 
His younger brother, the Rev. George Hay 
Forbes, of the Episcopal Church, Burntisland, 
who was also remarkable for scholarship and 
for many good and charitable deeds, died, after 
a long and severe illness, on the 7th of Novem- 
ber of the same year. 

The Drumminor Aisle stands without the 
enclosing walls of the churchyard, and con- 
tains four marble tablets inscribed as follows : — 

Here are deposited the remains of Mrs Hen- 



rietta Forbes, spouse of Robert Grant, Esqr. 
of Drumminor, who died the 31st day of March 
1817, aged 62. And of John Grant, their 
eldest son, who died in September 1796, aged 
20. Also of Robert Grant, Esqr. of Di-um- 
minor, who died on the 14th of February 1841, 
aged 88. He lived much beloved, and died 
deeply regi-etted by an afl'ectionate family, and 
attached tenantry. 

— Mrs. Grant, who was previoixsly married to 
Forbes of Culloden, was one of the old 
Forbeses of Newe ; and Mr. Grant, who was 
fourth son of John Grant of Eothmaise, 
bought the property of Diumminor, formerly 
Castle Forbes, from the trustees of Lord Forbes 
about 17 — . As before shown, there was an 
Episcopal meeting-house at Newton of Audi- 
iudoir in Mr. Giant's time, and the Established 
Church being then the only place of worship 
at Ehynie, it is told that part of the house- 
hold of Drumminor attended the former and 
part the latter. Being a Jacobite, the laird 
himself had a leaning towards Episcopacy, and 
he is said to have given quaint expression to 
this feeling every Sunday morning, when the 
chaise came to convey the members of his 
household to their respective churches, by or- 
dering the coachman to " be sure and set doon 
the saunts at Ehynio and the sinners at Auch- 
indoir ! " 

Mr. Grant had five sons, who all pre- 
deceased him without leaving issue, also 
several daughters, to the eldest of whom, her 
husband, and a son, the next inscription re- 
lates : — 

[2.] 

In memory of William-Burnett Foulertok, 
son of Alexander Foulerton and Eliza Grant, 
born 26th December, 1805, died 3rd May, 1836. 
Also of his father, Alexander Foulerton 
Grant, Esq. of Drumminor, who died 4th 
August, 1849, aged 76. Also of Eliza Fouler- 
ton-Grant, his wife, and mother of W. B. 
Foulerton, who died 13 July, 1869, aged 86. 

— Mrs. Foulerton-G rant married Captain Alex. 
Foulerton of the 14ih Eegiment of Foot, one 
of the Fouk-rtons of Gallery and Thornton, 



KF.ARN. 



•2V, 



near Montrose. He was sometime barrack- 
master at Aberdeen, and became secretary to 
the Town and County Bank at the time of its 
establishment in 1825. 

Captain Foulerton's eldest son, Robeit 
P'oulevton-Grant, now laird of Drumminor, 
married a daughter of Sir John Forbes of 
Craigievar, Bart., anil has issue a son and a 
daughter. 

The next inscription records the deatli.s of a 
son-in-law and a daughter of Mr. fiobert 
(jrant, who died without issue : — 

m 

Sacrejtl to the meriKJrv of Major Henrv James 
Phelps, 80th Eegt. of Foot, who died at Drum- 
minor on the 15th September, 182.'), aged 49. 
Erected by his widow, Mary Graxt, youngest 
daughter cif Hubert Grant, Esq. of Dnmmainor : 
died Mt Floieuoe, April 21st, 1865, aged 02. 
fiphesiaiis. i oliap., and IStli. 

[^■] 
In memory of SorniA-AxNE Grant, second 
ilaughter of the late Robert Grant of Drum- 
minor, died 1st May, 1875. "Thou wilt keej) 
him in perfect peace whose mind is stayed on 
Thee ; because he trusteth in Thee." 

Like the churchyard of Auchindoir, tliat of 
Kearn is far from being well kept, although 
its peculiarly secluded situation otters ample 
opportunities for making it into a sort i;f para- 
dise. It was at one time surrounded with 
cninig, in most of which stone-coffins, urns, 
and interesting articles of the stone and 
bronze periods were found. 

The next two inscriptions are from flat 
slabs :— 

[1.] 

HEIR . LYES . UNDER . YE . HOI'E . OF . A 

. BLESSED . RESVRECTION . KATHER 

SPOVS HENDERSON . TILINESLE 

NOV . 2 . IUSO . lOHN . 11 . WHOSOEUER . BE- 
LEIVEIS . IN . ME . Tno . HE . WER . DEAD . 
YET . SHALL . HE . LIVE . MANET . POST . 
FUNERA . VIRTUS. 

[2.] 

SION . VA.S . SET . HEIR . BE . W . 

LAINO . THE . 2 . DAY . OF . OVEMBER 

TO . . HE LAING .IN 



The following inscription, which cannot now 
be found, and of which old inhabitants of the 
district have no recollection, is printed in 
Laing's Donean Tourist (p. 217) as from the 
churchyard of Kearn : — 

'• Here lyes lohne Laing Baron of Noth, who 
died in March, 1624. He va-s sonne to Ilioiie 
Laing in Barflett, vlio died in Nov. 1624. And 
liere be Villiam Laing, vho died Desem. 24, l.')U7." 
From a table-stone : — 

This stone is erected by George Ee_\molds, 
Lieutenaut and Adjutant in the North Feneible 
Regiment, to the memory of his father, viz., 
James Reynolds, who died in the Barnyards of 
Mains of Lesmore, April 10th, 1764, aged 70 yrs. 
Also, his brother, Peter Reynolds, who died, 
14th Jan.1782, aged 40 yrs. 

Remember, man, as you go by. 
As you ai-e now, so once were we. 
As we are now, so shall you lie. 
Remember, man, that you must die. 
— Reynolds, who changed his name from 
Ronald when he entered the army, rose from 
the ranks, and on returning home on half-pay 
became farmer of Edendiach in Gartly. 

A small headstone bears the following epi- 
taph, the first couplet of which will remind 
the reader of that upon a minister's wife at 
Alford :— 

Here lyes William Touch, student of PhilosDjiih 
Within this ^i.-im-, lit-side these stones, 
Tliere iyr^ ,i jiidiis Student's bones. 
Who lived ni this world here 
Till he wa.s enter 'd 18th year, 
& then December tweuty-nvntli. 
We trust unto the Heaueu he went. 
1736. 
— Thi.s surname, which had possibly originateil 
from the parish of Tough, near Alford, is the 
most common one in the churchyard of Kearn. 
Toughs appear to have resided mostly at Bog- 
head and Deskie, and the ages of many of 
them vary from 77 to 87. 

Among others who are recorded at Kearn 
to have attained long ages, were William 
Esslemont, who died at Cottown of Drum- 
minor in 1829, at the age of 87 ; and William 
Sinclair, who died in 1872, in his 89th year. 

e2 



218 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



The only place of worship in the Kearn 
district at the present time is the 

ai^pisropal (ttljuvci). 



IT occupies a rising ground on the south side 
of the river, near the bridge of Bogie, 
and is a neat building, with belfry and vestry, 
and parsonage adjoining, which were erected 
chiefly at the expense of jNIr. Grant of Drum- 
minor. In the east end, over the altar, is a 
painted window of three lights. The subject 
of the centre compartment is the Ascension of 
Our Saviour, and in the right and left is an 
angel. A brass fixed to the wall below pre- 
sents this inscription : — 

►J^ Sacred to the memory of Mary-Harmax- 
Anxe Johnstone Gordon, who died at Nice, on 
the 16th of January, 1863. Chiefly by her ex- 
ertion thi.s Window was erected. The memorial 
of her is immortal, because it is known with God 
and with men. 

— This young lady and her mother, Mrs. 
Johnstone of Alva (heiress of Craig), were 
both accidentally burnt to death at Xice 
{supra 209). 

A small window of two lights on the south 
of the altar contains S. John and S. Nathaniel, 
and along the base is the following inscription 
to the memory of a son of Professor Harvey 
of Aberdeen, who was for some time the 
highly respected and devoted incumbent of 
St. Mary's :— 

in mem. : ©»!. ^-.trbtB. g.JV. Cantab, 
^at. #!i: 2S, 1S45. CDb. Euu: 2S. 1S72. 



Drumminor House stands near the kirk- 
yard of Kearn, and part of the old castle 
which is incorporated with the modern build- 
ing still remains. It is said to have been 
within the hall that, owing to some misappre- 
hended movement on the part of their chief. 



a band of the Forbeses slew fifteen of the 
Gordons in cold blood. 

In 1440, the first Lord Forbes agreed with 
contractor.s, named respectively John of Kam- 
loke and Wilyhame of Ennerkype, for " the 
niakynn " or erecting of a house here ; and in 
1456, his son and successor obtained a licence 
from King James II. " for building the castle 
of Drumminor, commonly called Forbes " 
(Doug. Peerage). The old part of Drumminor 
House is possibly a portion of the latter 
building. 

One of three panels over the principal 
entrance to the house is embellished with the 
Forbes and Keith arms, the initials, W. F. : 
E. K., the date of 1577, and these legends : — 

GRACE • ME ■ GYD ■ 
MY • HOPE • IS • IN • THE • LORD . GOD. 

— The initials are those of the 7th Lord Forbes 
and his wife, a daughter and co-heiress of Sir 
William Keith of Inverugie. They had a 
large family of sons and daughters : one of the 
latter married the laird of Caskioben (now 
Keith-hall), by whom she had Dr. Arthur 
Johnston, the celebrated Latin poet. 

According to Douglas's Peerage, John of 
Forbes acquired the lands of Forbes in the 
time of William the Lion ; and his descendant 
Alexander was created a peer before 1442. 
The present Lord Forbes, born in 1828, is Pre- 
mier Baron of Scotland, and the twentieth 
in succession to the title. 

Tradition says that one of this family killed, 
near the Xine Maiden Well, a wild boar that 
devoured nine virgins, with one of whom — 
named Bes, or Elizabeth — Forbes was in love, 
and that when he had slain the animal, he 
exclaimed — " It's a' for-Bes I " This circum- 
stance, according to the legend, gave rise to the 
surname of Forbes ; and it is added that a 
stone, with a wild boar carved upon it, which 
is said to have been removed from Forbes to 
Putachv, now Castle Forbes, commemorated 




FRESCO FROM CHURCH OF S^ COIGM, TUBRHT. 



TURRIFF. 



219 



this event ! As was tlie case at Strathinartin 
in Angus, wliere there is a similar tradition 
(except that a dragon takes the place of a boar), 
a chapel had possibly stood at Forbes, and 
been dedicated to the Nine Maidens (Epitaphs, 
i. 206). Or it may have been that the name 
originated, as in some other places, from the 
existence of a circle of " nine standing stones." 

[Insc. compd. by Mr. H. L. Smith, fai-mer, Newton.] 

C u r r i ff, 

(S. CONGAN, .\BBOTT.) 

MAEJOEY, Countess of Buchan, who gave 
the church of Tarffcd to the monastery 
of Arbroath, about 1214, appears to have after- 
wards revoked the gift. 

In 1273, her son Earl William founded au 
almshouse at Tunv.th for the accommodation 
of " a master, six chaplains, and thirteeu poor 
husbandmen of ISuchan ;" and iu his founda- 
tion, which is dated at Kell}', in ]\Iethlic, in 
presence of Alexander III., the Earl includes 
the church lands of Turriff, or those previously 
given by his mother to Arbroath. These ap- 
pear to have extended from Kiiiarmy (Kiner- 
mit) on the west, towards Dalgety on the east, 
the march being described as running from the 
Standing Stone of Balniak (Balmely) and 
Cokuki (Knockie), and thence "usque ad uiam 
nionaohorum" (Coll. Abd., Bff., i. 467) or the 
monk's gate or way, a place which is still 
pointed out at Turriff. 

The chiu-ch of Tuvuered is rated at 60, and 
the '• Hospitale de Surreth" (Turreff) at 6 
merks in the Taxation of 1275 (Eeg. Vet. de 
Aberb. ; Theiner). 

The revenues of the church and hospital 
were augmented by a gift from Eobert the 
Bruce, 1328, of the lands of Petts iu Fyvie. 



These were given for the support of a chaplam, 
who was bound to celebrate mass for the soul 
of the king's brother. Sir Nigel, who was taken 
prisoner by the English at KUdrummy, and 
" hanged and drawn" by order of Edward I. 

A piece of curious carving (probably the 
upper lintel of a door or window) is built into 
the east wall of the old kirk. It is divided 
into three compartments, and exhibits a group 
of ten heads, the upper three are crowned, 
three without any distinctive peculiarities are 
upon each side, and the head and shoulders of 
a monk (T) below. The first group may pos- 
sibly represent King Eobert and the Countess 
and Earl of Buchan, who were the chief bene- 
factors of the foundation ; the six heads the 
chaplains, and the remaming one the master 
of the hospital. 

There appears to be no evidence for the sup- 
position that the Three Kings had an altar at 
Turrilf; but in 1861, when a portion of the 
" quier" of the old kirk was taken down, a 
fresco painting of S. Ninian was found upon 
the splay of one of the windows. He was re- 
presented, crosier in hand, in the act of bless- 
ing the people, and on each side of his head 
were stars painted red, and the words cS- ,gliiuait 
in black. The remains of the plaster, which 
were at one tuue in the possession of the Eev. 
Mr. Christie of S. Congan's, are now lost. A 
good lithographic drawing by Mr. J. Winkley 
and a notice of this interesting relic were given 
in the Banffghire Journal of 24th December, 
1861, the discovery having been made only 
ten days before. 

The picture was possibly painted by Andrew 
Bairhum, who, in 1538, was employed by the 
Abbot of Kinloss to adorn certain portions of 
that monastery (Stuart's Eec. of Kinloss, 60) ; 
but no comparison can be made, there being 
no trace left of the pictures at Kinloss. It 
was quite different from those upon the walls 
at Pluscardiue and upon the roof of the tomb 



220 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



of Bishop "Winchester, at Elgin, which pre- 
sent little else than mere outlines. The latter, 
being gracefully drawn in red, is much su- 
perior to the former, which is roughly sketohe<l 
in bLick only. 

The church of Turritf was erected into a 
prebend of Oklmachar in 1412, when its reve- 
nu; ,s, along with those of the hospital, were 
assigned to the prebendary. In 1.588, the 
church lands which belonged to the hospital 
w.'re alienated to Francis, Earl of Errol, by 
Mr. John Philip, who, in 1.574, was minister 
of the lour parishes of Turriff, King-Edward, 
Eorglen, and Auchterless, and had a stipend 
of £100 Scots and the kirk lands. John 
Hay, then reader or schoolmaster, had a salary 
of £26 4s. .5|d. Scots. He was probably the 
same person whom Dempster describes (Eccl. 
Hist., ii. 361) as one " of the Dalgety family," 
and " ane clerk of the Societie of lesvs," who 
wrote several theological works, and died 
in 1598. Among other " doctors," of the old 
school of Turriff, were Thomas Augustine and 
Andrew Ogston, who were both writers of 
Latin verse, &c. (Ibid). 

Like most of our pre-reformation churches, 
that of Turriff was a long narrow building, 
being about 120 feet in length by about 18 
feet in width. It was erected by Alexander 
Lyon, chanter of Moray (son of the 4th Lord 
Glamis), who was " a singular scholar in these 
tymes, and tutor to his brother's sones." He 
died in 1541, "and lyeth buried in the quier 
of Turrefte," where an awmbry, now mostly 
hidden from view, exhibits his initials 3^. J. 
and family arms. 

The Hays of Dalgety were buried in this 
part of the church, and although there is now 
no tombstone to any of the lairds of that place, 
a monument of considerable elegance, which 
was removed from Turriff and set up at Dal- 
gety Castle in 1794, is still there and is thus 
inscribed : — 



gjic . i.icct . houonibili' . bir . alcxr. . h.ij; . 
qboiiJa' . bus . be . balg.itj; . q . br . Ir.u . liifhri- 
j in.iru . balk . migbit . bi . bit . mcnsi' . nobcbri' ■ 
I .1" . bi . m" . b" . qbabr.igc . sc.vto. 

[Here lies an honourable mau, i^LE.x.iNDER 
H.iY, late laii-d of Dalgaty, who departed from 
; this valley of tears, on 6'" Nov., 1546.] 

I — Tliis laird was designed of Dalgathy in 
I 1534-5, and in a dispute which arose about 
marches in 1539, it is declared that he and his 
1 predecessors held the said lands and barony 
" in tymes bygane, past memorie of man." He 
was the son of Gilbert Hay, who, in 1494, en- 
tered into a curious indenture with John 
Cheyne of Esslemont, by which he agreed 
that a marriage should take place between his 
daughter Marjory and Esslemont's son Henry, 
it being also stipulated that, should the said 
Henry die before his marriage, his brother 
Patrick should, as soon as he " comis to the 
age of xiiij yeiris," become Marjory's husband. 
The lands of Dalgety were sold on redemption 
to Eraser of Philorth by Gilbert Hay in 1503, 
and they appear to have been redeemed by the 
above-named Alexander. Erasers were early 
pi'opi-ietors of Dalgety, Sir Alexander of 
Covvie having given his brother John charters 
of Dalgety, Plady, and .\uchenschogill in the 
year 1378. 

The Hay arms are upon the two remaining 
skew-put stones of the church. SSI. '^. is 
upon the lintel of a window on the south side 
of the ruins, and also upon the old bell, thus — 

V . H . 1556. 
— These refer to the churchman whose memory 
the next inscription is intended to perpetuate — 

HIC . COXDITVS . EST . MAGISTER . GVLLIBm' . 
UAY . CANONIC . ABERDONE . AC . PREB£dARi' . 
DE . TVRREK . VBI . POST . 36 . ANOS . EO . 
MVNEKE . FCELICITBR . PERFVCTOS . CONCESSIT . 
FATIS . 22 . DIE . MAII . ANNO . DOMINI . 1582 . 
SVE . VERO . .KTATIS . 82. 

[Here lies Mr. William Hay, cauuu of Aber- 
deen, and prebendary of Turriff, where, after 36 



^ 



TURRIFF. 



221 



yeai-s happily spent in that office, he died May 

22, ] 582, in the 82d year of his age.] 
• — This cliurclinian made a pecuniary gift in 
1557 to the chaplains of the Cathedral of 
(Jldmachar, who were to pray for his own 
soul, for those of Earls George and William of 
Errol, his own brother Thomas Hay of Logic, 
and the rest of his name who fell at Hodden 
(Reg. Abd., i. 458). 

A flat round-headed slab bears two shields, 
initialed respectively M. W. H. and S. I. One 
has the Hay arms (a mullet of five points 
being between the escutcheons) and the other 
the Junes arms. Eound the margin of the 
stone is the following : — 

TVMVLV.S . CLARI . VIRI . M . VALTERI . HAY 
. QTI . OBIIT . XX . AVGVSTI . 1589. 

A freestone tablet, dated 1848 and sur- 
mounted by a bold carving of the Garden and 
(Jampbell arms, quarterly, is built into the 
east g:ible of " the quier," and is thus in- 
scribed : — 

In this spot rest the remains of Peter Gardes, 
Esqre. of Dalgaty, born 1723, died 1785. Kathe- 
RINE Balnea VES, his wife, born 1746, died 
1786. Alexander, their eldest son, born 1764, 
died 1789. Christian, their daughter, born 
1777, died 1806, and Jane, Katherine, David, 
their children. Also of Francis Garden-Camp- 
bell, Esqr. of Troup .'ind ( ilfulyon (tlieir grand- 
son), born 1793, died 182(;, and of Christian, 
his wife, daughter of Archibald Cumine, Esqi-. 
of Auchry, born 1794, died 1821. 

— Katherine Balneaves, whose father, laird of 
Edradour in Athole, married the heiress of 
Campbell of Glenlyon, brought these proper- 
ties to her husband, Peter Garden of Troup, 
who was elder brother of Lord Gardenstone 
(Epitaphs, i. 87). It was in consequence of this 
connection that the Troup family assumed the 
name of Garden-Campbell and the Campbell 
arms. Cumin of Auchry, of whom their 
grandson's wife was a daughter, was connected 
with the family of Altyre, in Morayshire 
(Ibid, 175). 



In another compartment of the same monu- 
ment is the following : — 

lu memory of Francis Garden-Campbell, 
Esq. of Troup and Glenlyon, born November 
18th, 1818, died October 3rd, 1848. [Rev. xiv. 13.] 

— He man-ied a daughter of AV. P. Brigstokc, 
M.P. for Somerset, by whom he had an only 
son, the present laird, who was born in 1840. 

A mural tablet (upon which are the Barclay 
and Drummond arms impaled, the initials 
P.B : A.D., and the date 1636) bears this in- 
scription : — 
barclaivs iackt hic, tov.ej; gloria gentis, 

s^cvla cvi priscvm qvixa dedere decvs. 
calcvlvs hvno ivvenem post ter tria lvstra 

PEREMIT, 
NEC MEDICE CiVIDQVAM PROFV . . . RTIS OPVS. 
OSSA TEGIT TELLVS ; ANIMAM, CJELESTIS ORIGO 
CVI FVIT, .ETHERI.E LIMINA SEDIS HABENT. 

[Here lies Barclay, the glory of the Towie 
family, to which live centuries have given old 
renown. Calculus cut him off in his prime, after 
thrice three lustra (45 yeare), nor were the re- 
sources of the healing art of any avail. The 
earth covers his bones ; his spirit, which was of 
celestial origin, is the tenant of a mansion be- 
yond the skies.] 

— Patrick Barclay of Towie's father, who left 
four sons and two daughters by his wife Eliza- 
beth Hay, was slaughtered by Meldrum of 
Moncofler and others at Edinburgh in June, 
1589, when Patrick himself was also wounded 
and hurt in the " face " to the " drawing and 
effusione " of his " bhiid." " Letters of 
Slaynes," or remission were granted to Mel- 
drum by Patrick Barclay, his mother, and the 
rest of the family in Oct., 1592, and duly 
witnessed by Alex. Hay of Dalgety and three 
others (Family of Innes, 161). 

It was on 25th April, 1587, that Patrick, 
who appears to have been afterwards knighted, 
was served heir to his father in the lands, 
tower, and fortalice of Tolly, and in other 
properties in the locality, including Auchrody 
and Seggat. He was probably twice married ; 
at least, as shown by a note upon liis brother 
George's MS, of Wyntown's Cronykil, Sir 



222 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



Patrick married, a daughter of Barclay of 
Gartly, in consequence of which he changed 
his arms from " twa corsis " to three. There 
is no mention of this lady upon the tombstone, 
but as it presents the Drummond arms, and as 
he is said to have married Ann, daughter of 
Lord Drummond, who outlived him and 
afterwards married Eraser of Murtle, on Dee- 
side, it is probable that Gartly's daughter 
was his first wife. 

Notwithstanding the date of 1G36 upon the 
upper portion of Patrick Barclay's tomb, he 
probably died in or about 1624. He was 
then (.30th April) succeeded in Towie by his 
son Walter, who married Jane, daughter of 
the third Lord Elphinstone (House of Drum- 
mond, 79), by whom he had a son Patrick 
and two daughters. The son succeeded in 
1643, and both he and his father sustained 
" loises and sufferings " during the Civil Wars, 
as appears from a representation to Parliament 
in 1645 (Acta Pari., vi., pt. i. 434). It is 
probably to this laird that a tombstone at 
Turriff belongs, upon which are these traces 
of an inscription : — 

.... INVS . PATRICVS . BARCLA . . 
AVGVSTI .II 

The initials P.B., the date of 1662, and 
the quaint legend upon the old dove-cot at 
Towie : — 

.ETHER . DOE . OR . DIE. 

— belong to the time of the same laird, who, 
in 1668, was succeeded by his great-grandson, 
William. It does not appear that the latter 
left any immediate successors, the estate 
having returned to the female line in the 
person of Elizabeth, the eldest sister of the 
last-named Patrick. She married John Gordon 
of Eothiemay, and some additions were pro- 
bably made by them to the Castle of Towie, 
the initials I. G. and E. B. being upon one of 
the door lintels. They had a son, who, in 



1698, is called "Patrick Barclay alias Gor- 
don" (Eetours). 

Mrs. Gordon's younger sister, Anna, married 
Symmers of Balzeordie, near Brechin, and by 
her father's settlement, dated March 1643, she 
had a " tocher " of £6666 13s. 4d. Scots; 
but the money being left upon the property, 
and no interest having been paid upon it from 
1653, Lady Balzeordie (as she is styled) 
raised an action against Eothiemay and his 
wife, in 1695, for the payment of the principal 
and arrears of interest. The case was sub- 
mitted to arbitration, when the Hon. Harry 
Maule of Kelly was chosen umpire by Lady 
Balzeordie, and Alex. Dufl' of Braco by Eothie- 
may. LTpou an adjoining slab : — 

....... QVIESCIT . SVB . SPE . BEAT^ . RES- 

VREECTIONIS . OPTIMiE . SPEI . ADOLESCENS . 

FRANCISCVS . BARCLAIVS QVONDAM . 

DOMINI . IVNIORIS . A . TOLUE . QVI . OBIIT . 
JJTATIS . SVJE . AXXO . 17 . DIE . MEXSIS . OC . 

[Here rests in hope of a happy resmTection, a 
youth of excellent promise, Francis Barclay, 
younger of Tollie, who died in the 17th year uf 
his age, Oc ] 

— This inscription is imperfectly given, not 
on account of the slab being broken, but be- 
cause another monument has been injudiciously 
placed on the top of it. 

Upon a stone, initialed V.L. : B.M., are 
the Lindsay and Mowat arms, quarterly, and 
this inscription : — 

MONVJIENTV . GVLIELMI . LYNDSAT . ET . 
BAR. . MOVAT . El' . SPOS.E . QVI . OBIBRE . H^C . 
3 . MAII . 1558 . ILLE . 2 — . MARTII . 1579 . 
POSITVM . GVL . EORVM . FILIO . ANNO . 1583. 

[The monument of William Lindsay, and 
Bar. Mowat, his spouse, who died, she on the 
3"' May, 1558, and he on the 2— March, 1579. 
Erected by their sou Wm. in the year 1583.] 
— -When John Erskine, pastor of Turriff (son 
of Sir Thomas Erskine of Brechin), let the 
teinds of the kirk of Turriff to the Earl of 
Errol in 1545, the rights of " William Linde- 
say and the remanent tenentes of the kirk 



TURRIFF. 



223 



town and gleib field " were reserved according 
to a prior arrangement. 

Upon a soft red sandstone, below a shield 
charged with the ilowat and Forbes arms, are 
these remains of an inscription : — 

HEIR .... IS 
SPOVS .... MOV 
QVHA . DEPA . . 



B.iRBAR . 
. OF MTDDE 



— I'he Mowats or Montealtos were a Xorman 
family. Their first Scotch property was the 
lordship of Fearn in Forfarshire, which they 
acquired from William the Lion. A branch 
went to Caithness, and from it sprang the 
Mowats of Balquhollie (Mem. Angus and 
Mearns, 324-7). Katherine Lauder, who was 
probably a widow in 1696, and her son 
William Jtlowat, then under 16 years of age, 
are designed of Balquhollie. It is said that 
the last of the race, a female, married a brotlier 
of Erskine of Pittodrie. 

The estate was acquired by Alex. Duff in 
1719, at a cost of X4000 sterling (Baird's 
Genealogj' of the Duffs). A portion of the 
old castle of Balquliollie is incorporated with 
the present house of Hatton. 

Down to the time of the late laird, who 
erected a mausoleum near Hatton Castle, the 
Duffs of that place were buried at the church 
of Auchterless (Epitaphs, i. 207). The re- 
mains of the late laird lie within the mauso- 
leum, and to his memory a painted window in 
the parish church of Turrifi' (in which Mary 
Magdalene is represented bathing the feet of 
Christ) is thus inscribed : — 

In memory of Gardex-William Duff of 
Hatton, died Septr. 17"' 1866. Placed here by 
his affectionate wife aud sou, Jean Duff aud 
G. A. Duff. 

We were comforted over you in all our distress 
■by your faith. Thy faith hath saved thee — go in 
peace. 

— Mr. DuflT, who was the third son of Garden 
Duff by Louisa, daughter of Sir Benjamin 
Dunbar, Bart., was twice married, first to a 



daughter of Mr. Urquhart of ISIeldrum, and 
next to a daughter of Jlr. Walter Cook, W.S., 
Edinburgh. 

A pavement slab, with the Forbes arms 
near the middle and the motto Grace jie 
GviDE, built into the church wall in an oblong 
position, is thus inscribed in conjoined Pioman 
capitals : — ■ 

.^S THIS MONUMENT IS ERECTED BY . . . 
JIEMORIE OF THE PRETIOUS DUST OF HIS BELOVED, 
VERTVEOVS, RELIGIOUS, AND PIOUS SPOVS, MAR- 
GARET .... DAVGHTER TO VMQVHIL lOHN 
FORBES OF CRAGTOVN, FIRST SPOVS TO THE 
HONOVRED THOMAS MOWAT OF ARDO, BOTH 

REGISTE CLERK OF ABERDEN, 

REGISTER OF BANFSHIRE AND KINCARN ; SHEE 
DEPARTED XI OF SEPTEMBER 1662. 

LO ! HOW THE DARK AND SILENT GRAVE, 
A TRIBVT OF MT FLESH DOTH CRAVE, 
WHICH WILLINGLIE I DOE LAY DOWN, 
IN nop TO RISE & YEAR A CROVN, 
OF PERTE . . . GLORY MONGS THE lYST ; 
MY ASHES SHAL REVIVE, I TRVST. 

— According to Lumsden's Genealogie (p. 28) 
George, son of the first Forbes of Pitsligo, 
was the ancestor of the Forbeses of Craigtoun ; 
and Patrick of Craigtoun married " a daughter 
of Blewshiels, Provost of Aberdeen" — Christian 
Dalgarno mentioned in tlie above inscription, 
— who was relict of "the laird of Culter." 
The Mowats of Ardo, whose tomb is in St. 
Nicholas, Aberdeen, are now represented by 
Mr. Stuart of Laithors. 

Adjoining the above, upon which are four 
shields respectively initialed LF : I.W : P.F 
—CD : B.I :, is the following :— 

IMORTALI NOEN INSIGNIS D. lOANIS FORBES e' 
GASK, VITA FVNCTI : ID. OCT. 1653, ET ISAB. 
WRQVHART, El' SPOS.« QV.E VIRVM PRECESSIT, N. 
AUG. 1647 ; ITA PIJ3 MVLIERIS CHRI.STEN.S: DAL- 
GARNO C0N1V61S PAT. FORBES, DE CRAIGFINTRIE, 
QVI LAPIDEM CONDIDIT QVAVIS GENEROSI IPSi' 
PROAVI ALIBI INHVAMTVR APVD PRIORES FORB. IN 
ECCLESIA DE KERNE, CAL. MAII 1661. 

[To the immortal names of the distinguished 
Mr. John Forbes of Gask, who died 1.5 Oct. 
1653, and Isab. Urquhart his spouse, who pre- 
deceased her husband, 5 Aug. 1647 ; and like- 
wise of Christian Dalgarno, a pious woman. 



224 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



wife of Pat. Forbes, laird of Craigfintrie, wlio on 
1st May 1661, erected this stone although his 
honourable ancestors are interred elsewliei-e 
among the original Forbeses in the Church of 
Kerne.] 

— Alex. Burnett was served heir to his father 
Thomas in the lands of Gask in loHl, and 
the Forbeses had possibly been Burnett's suc- 
cessors. The Forbeses acquired Craigfintrie 
sometime after 1654, it being then Urquhart 
property. 

A loose fragmeiit, with the Forbes and Dal- 
garno arms and these traces of an inscription, 
appears to relate to the same people : — 

HOC . I,.\riDE . OSSA . TEGUNTUR . VlRl . PRUD 

T . CHRISTENE 

. DALGARDNU . 1654 . ET . QVORUNDAM . . . 

i.F. : i.w. : p.F. : c.D. 

— Dalgarno is a name of old standing in 
Aberdeen. John, who was a burgess of that 
city in 1366, appears also to have been laird 
of Wester Essentolly, in Durris (Reg. Mag. 
Sigill.), and Alexander was a canon of the 
Cathedral of Oldmachar in 1386 (Keg. Abd.) 
John Dalgarnow of Dalgaruary-fintrey, wit- 
nesses several charters during the early part of 
the 16th century, and at a later date (1603), 
they were styled Dalgarno of that Ilk (Re- 
tours). Their arms (a fesse between 3 boars' 
heads couped), are recorded in Nisbet's 
Heraldry. It was probably this family that 
joined the Marquis of Montrose, and one 
member of which (28th March 1644) while 
"ryding the water (at Kintore) hapnit to 
perish, to the greif of the Marques and to all 
his company;" while another, at a later date, 
was taken prisoner and carried to Edinburgh 
along with the laird of Gycht and others 
(Spalding's Troubles). 

Below a shield, charged with a nuillet be- 
tween 3 boars' heads (the Forbes arms) and 
initialed I. F., is the following : — 

HEIR . LYIS . lONET . FORBES . LADY . BRUX . QVIIA 
DEPARTIT . YE . 20 . OF . OCTOBER . I.'j89. 

— This lady (misnamed Maijorij in Douglas's 



Peer.) was a daughter of Alex. Forbes of 
Pitsligo. She married John, son of Alexan- 
der of Brux, whose effigy and that of his 
wife are in the churchyard of Kildrummy 
(Epitaphs, i. 262), and was mother of Duncan, 
the first Forbes of Byth. Brux was a portionor 
of Idoch, near Turritf, and in 1539, Alex. 
Hay of Dalgety brought an action against him 
and two others for having " pasturit thair 
guldis and cassin fewiU " upon ground which 
Hay alleged belonged to him, and of which 
he was found to be the rightful owner. 

A freestone monument is thus inscribed : — 

Here is interred the body of Mrs. Margaret 
Irvine, eldest daughter of Alexr. Irvine of 
Drum, who died unmarried August 18th, 1745, 
aged 47 yeai-s. Here also aiv interred the bodies 
of Alexr. Gordon Esqr, of Dorlathers, who died 
June 2d, 1763, aged 58 yeara, of Helen- Irvine, 
his spouse, second daughter of Alexr. Irvine of 
Drum, who died Deer. 6th, 1764, aged 64 years, 
and of BARBAR.i McKenzie of Ardloch, mother 
of said Alexr. Gordon, who died May 26th, 1762, 
aged 80 yeai-s. 

The following, which is accompanied by a 
nice monogiam (RG.IJNI.), probably relates to 
ancestors of the above designed Gordon of 
Dorlathers : — 

Here lyes the body of ane honest man called 
Alexr. Gordon, vho lived sometyme at the 
Mill of Idoch, and died the year of God 1647, as 
also Iean Massie. spouse to Robert Gordon, 
sometyme in Dorlathers, who died 1 Aprile, 
1703 ;" and the forsaiil Robert Gordon, her 

husband, died , and Georg Gordon, son 

to the said Alexr. and Margaret Catanahs. 
— The Gordons of Dorlathers were descended 
from George, youngest son of the laird of 
Craig, who fell at Flodden in 1513 (Hari.er- 
field's Pedigree Tables of the Gordons). 

The next inscriptions are from a handsome 
recess tomb in the N.AV. wall of the church- 
yard : — 

Licet in occiduo cinere tamen eum 
Aspicio cujus nomen est oriens . 1696 ; 
[A carving of the sun in full splendour.] 
[Although my ashes lie mouldering liere, I 
beh(_ild him whose name is the rising sun.] 



TURRIFF. 



225 



Coll : cap . Ill . vers . 4 : ii Tim . cap . IV . 
vers .7.8. lOB . cap . XIX . vers . 25 : 
i Pet . cap . IV . vera . 18 

1696 : HIC lACENT VENERABILIS VIR MAORI 
THOMAS MITCHELL PASTOR ECCLESI,« DE TURREF, 
QUI SPIRARE DESIIT 23 lULI 1649. BARBARA 
MBLDRUM, EJUS SPOS.SA QU.i; DECESSIT 26 DECEM- 
BRIS 1659. ISABELLA MITCHELL, EORUM FILIA 
SPONSA WALTERI STEUART DE RTLAND, QU.E VITA 
DEFUNCTA EST 8 FEBRUARIJ 1672. VENERABILIS 
VIR MAGISTER ARTHURUS MITCHELL, PASTOR 
ECCLESI^ DE TURREFF QUI AXIMAM REDDIDIT 23 
OCTOBRIS 1695. lOANNA SPARK, UXOR GEORGII 
STEUART IN TURREFF, QU.'E OBIJT 9 OCTR. 1681. 

[Here lie a venerable man Mr. Thomas 
Mitchell, minister of the church of Turriff, 
who ceased to breathe, July 23, 1649 ; Barbara 
Meldrum, his spouse, who departed Dec. 26, 
1659 ; Isabella Mitchell, their daughter, 
spouse of Walter Steuart of Ryland, who closed 
this life, Feb. 8, 1672 ; the venerable man, Mr. 
Arthur Mitchell, pa.stor of the church of 
Turriflf, yielded up his spirit, Oct. 23, 1695 ; and 
Joanna Spark, wife of Geoi-ge Steuart, in 
Turriff, who ended her days, Oct. 9, 1681.] 

— The belfry, wliicli is of the double sort 
common to many old churches in Aberdeen- 
shire, appears to have been erected in Mr. 
Mitchell's time. It is upon the east end of 
the ruins, and bears the date of 1635, the 
Hay arms, the initials E. W. E. (Will, Earl 
of Errol), and also those of the minister, 
M. T. M. Another slab bears : — 

mat 16-3 . MR . T . MITCHEL . PARSON ; 

and upon an adjoining stone is the following: — 

HOLINESS .TO LORD . M . T . M . 1628. 

— Mitchell, who was a Eoyalist and a Coven- 
anter by turns, secularised in 1627 the church 
lands of Turrift', with consent of the Bishop, 
in favour of Francis, son of the Earl of Errol, 
thereby very much curtailing the stipends of 
his successors in office, and rendering himself 
obnoxious not only to his brethren but to both 
factions in the State. Spalding (1639) tells 
that, at the Trot o' Turra' (where the first 
blood was spilt in connection with the Wars 
of the Covenant, a circumstance which gave 
rise to the proverb of "Weary fa' the Trot 



o' Turra,"), the Barons " takis meit and drink 
at thair plesour, and fleyit ]\Ir. Thomas Mit- 
chell, minister at Turref, veray euill." The 
same quaint historian remarks that after an 
impeachment and trial in 1642 for a curious 
scandal, Mitchell was absolved by the Synod 
and found to be " a good barne." 

His son Arthur, who married Marjory 
Lindsay, succeeded to the church, and carried 
through the dLsjunction of ]\Ionquliitter from 
Turriff, upon which he reported (2nd May, 
1650) that he had obtained not only the 
division of the parish, but also " a provision 
for the second kirk, of three chalders of 
victuall, and four hundred pounds money, 
and fourtie pounds for the communion 
elements, and hath gottin ye year 49 affected 
with the stipend" (Epitaphs, i. 175). 

Some curious instances of superstitious 
belief are recorded in the Presbytery Books of 
this period, and among others affecting Turriff 
(14th Oct. 1647), is the case of Donald 
M'Keddie, piper in King-Edward, who was 
cited to the next meeting of Presbytery " for 
drinking the deviUs health and pyping to those 
whodrank it." And although M'Keddie assured 
the Presbytery that he was only " feied to be 
pyper at ye drinking of yo devells health at 
the Cross of Turreff, (and) refused y' he 
drank it liimself," he was ordained to appear 
in the kirk on the following Sunday in sack- 
cloth. 

It was also during the time of the Mitchells 
that the old architectural features of the kirk 
were destroyed, the Presbytery, on 29th May, 
1649, having "ordained the garsions (garnish- 
ings) and superstitious monuments within the 
kirk of Turriff to be taken downe and de- 
molished, primo quo(i tempore." 

This "ordinance" however appears to have 
remained unheeded by the minister, for the 
request was renewed 4th Oct., 1649, and 
another order given to have the "superstitious 



226 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS: 



monuments removed betwixt and the next 
day of the presbyterie meeting." Notwith- 
standing the peremptory nature of this in- 
junction, it was not until 6th May, 1651, that 
the said monuments were "found to be de- 
molished and taken away." 

Mr. Arthur IMitchell, who joined the 
Protestors, was deposed in 1661, but restoreil 
in 1690. Ho and his wife Marjory Lindsay 
were both charged poll tax in 1696, although 
he appears to have died in Oct. 1695. 

On his deposition in 1661, Mr. Arthur 
Mitchell was succeeded bj' Mr. Skein, minister 
of Cluny, who made over the market customs 
of Turriff to the Earl of Errol upon con- 
dition that he and his successors in the 
lands of Delgaty should, in all time coming, 
pay an annual salary of £100 Scots to the 
schoolmaster (Stat. Acct.) Skein's monuraenr, 
■which exhibits a shield flanked with the 
initials A.S., I.C. and charged with the 
Skein and Coutts arms, is upon the N. wall 
of the nave of the chm'ch, and is thus in- 
scribed : — 

M.S. ME ANDREAS SKEIN, VIR CANDORE EXIMIVS, 
VERBO ET OPERE PR^POTENS, CATHEDR.-E TVRRIFF- 
ENSIS DECVS, EXWIAS MORTAI.ITATIS,PRJ£TER QVAS 
NIHIL MORTALE HABVIT, POSVIT IN SPE ANNO ■ ' 
1678 APRILIS. MONVMENTVM QVALE QVALE IN 
PERENNIS AMORIS TESSERAM ERIGI CVRAVIT 
CONIVX TENERRIMA lOANNA COVTIS. 

[Mr. Andrew Skein, a man distinguished for 
his candour, very mighty in woi-d and deed, the 
glory of the pulpit of TurriS, laid down in hope 
the remains of mortality, besides which he had 
nothing mortal, in April, 1678. This monument, 
such as it is, his most tender spouse, Joanna 
Coutts, caused to be erected as a pledge of her 
lasting affection.] 

Mr. Stuart, to whom the next inscription 
relates, was at first missionary at Glenlivet, 
afterwards minister of Auchterless, and was 
translated to Turriff in 1774. It was during his 
incumbency that the new church was 
erected : — 

In memory of the Rev. Willia.m Stuart, late 
minister of Tm-ritf, who died the 22°'' November, 



1820, aged 79 years. He fulfilled the duties of 
his sacred office in this parish with zeal and 
integrity for 46 yeare. Here also are interred 
the remains of Mrs Margaret Duff, his spoiise, 
who died the 27"' February, 1820, aged 70 years. 

Mr. Stuart's immediate successor was trans- 
lated to Fyvie in 1843, and was succeeded by 
Mr. Leslie, whose tombstone, as before noticed, 
stands upon one of the Towie-Barolay slabs. 
Mr. I,.'s father was minister of Fintray, near 
Aberdeen, and his monument is thus in- 
scribed : — 

Erected by the heritoi-s and parishioners of 
Tm-riff, as a tribute of respect to the memory 
of tlieir late learned, zealous, and much-lamented 
pastor, the Rev. William Leslie, who, amid a 
labour of usefulness seldom equalled, died on the 
21"' of Feb., 1850, in the 41'" year of his age ; 
and, as connected with this parish, in the 6"' of 
his ministry. 

Three slabs, built into the kirkyard dyke, 
near the Mitchell tomb, bear respectively :— 

HEIR . LYES . AXE . CHTLD 

ES . PANTON . SON . TO . lAMES . PANTON . IN" . 
PLADIE . WHO . DEPERTED . THIS . LYFE . IVNE . 
167— 

[2.] 
Here lyes the body of a vertuous voman called 
Margaret Thomsone, spovs to lames Panton, 
sometyme in Knocldemill, vho departed this life 
14 March, 1706 ; and .... Panton, her 
husband, died 

[3.] 
Heir lyes George Panton, who died March 
21, 171 — , and Margaret JPanton, who died 
Sept. 16, 1717 ; as also Barbara Panton, who 
died March 27, 1724, all children to George 
Panton in Knockiemdl. 

— These inscriptions relate to ancestors of 
Patrick Panton of Middlehead, Eoxburgh- 
shire, who died in 1861, aged 57, and one of 
whose descendants is, or was, a surgeon in 
Kelso. Panton is an old name in the district, 
William of Panton having been designed of 
Pitmedden as early as 1436 (Coll. Ab. Bff.) 

A flat stone, close to south wall of " the 
quire," beais the followiag inscription with 



TURRIFF. 



227 



a monogram, in prettily interlaced Eoman 
capitals : — 

Here lie interred the remains of Alexander 
Cummins, sometime in Mill of Turriff, wlro de- 
parted this life Feb. 13, 1759, in the 75th year of 
his age [a dr. Anna. d. 1755, a. 32]. His son, 
the Rev. Mr. William Gumming, pastor of the 
Episcopal congregation at Turrift', whom for 28 
years he taught, not only by his excellent dis- 
courses, but by his pious and truly Christian 
examples. He died S"" June, 1771, aged 55. 
Elizabeth Innes [spouse to Mr. W. C.] died 23'' 
Sept., 1790, in her 79th year. 

— " Alexander Gumming, elder, smith for his 
trade," lived on the lands of Towie in 1G96, 
and had a son Alexander, who followed his 
father's oeoupation at the same place. 

An adjoining stone, also table-shaped, erected 
by Bishop Jolly to the memory of a brother 
who lost his life while bathing in the bum of 
Turriff, bears : — 

K.I.P. Under this stone rests, in the hope of 
a ble.ssed resm-rection, the body of James Jollt, 
sometime merchant in Turriff, who died June 18, 
1781, aged 22 year's : — 

Hune citius mortali nudatum carne superstes 
Sinoero Fratrem Frater amore gemit : 
At TU DOS iterum renovato corpore junctas 
O 1 inter sanctos suscipe, Chi-iste, tuos. 
In his brother's grave is deposited the remains 
of the Right Rev. Alexander Jolly, D.D., 
Bishop of Moray, who departed this life on the 
29"' June, 1838, aged 82 years. Also the body 
of their only sister, Ann Jolly, who died on the 
9th Nov., 1843, in the gO"" year of her age. 

[A surviving brother mourns, with sincere 
affection, a brother prematurely divested of mor- 
tal flesh. But when, after the renovation of our 
bodies, we are again united, do Thou, O Christ ! 
admit us into the number of thy saints.] 

The next two inscriptions are from head- 
stones upon the left of Bishop Jolly's tomb :— - 

Erected by John Adam, whose burial ground 
extends 7 feet in front & 6 feet on each side, & 
contains liis Father's remaius, who died 27th 
June, 1810, aged 63 years ; his brother's, Peter, 
who died 1st Ocf 1786, aged 4 ; his sister's, Ann, 
who died 29th Aug' 1794, aged 1 ; his brother's, 
James, who died 8th Oct' 1806, aged 18 ; his 
Mother's, who died 29th July, 1816, aged 70. 
Here also are interred the remains of the above- 



named John Adam of Scobbach, who died 20th 
July, 1863, aged 79 years. 

From an adjoining granite headstone : — 

To the memory of Margaret Adam, wife of 
Alexander Rae, siu-geon, R.N., who died 17'"' 
June, 1856, aged 70 ; and of their sons, Jno. 
Adam, who died in 1833, aged 12, and James, 
who died in 1832, aged 7. Here also are in- 
terred the remains of the foresaid Alexander 
Rae, who died March 8, 1867, aged 76. 

— On his retirement from the navy, Dr. Eae 
became a partner with John Adam in his 
business of a flax and seed merchant, and, 
having married Mr. A's sister, he succeeded 
to the estate of Scobbach, now Ardmiddle. 
Dr. Rae left a son and a daughter, the latter 
of whom married Mr. J. D. Milne, advocate 
and bank agent in Aberdeen. 
From a fiat stone : — 
^g° heir lyes ane honast and vertvovs 

VOMAN called MARIORIE GERARD . . . DE- 
PARTED THIS LYFE MARCH THE 11 1658 P.C: 
M.G. 

— This is the earliest mention we have found 
of the name of Gerrard on any tombstone ; 
and, so far as we are aware, Alexander Jerard, 
who was reader at Drumoak in 1574:, and his 
contemporary, Thomas Gerart, who had an in- 
terest in Oldquhat in New Deer, are the first 
recorded of the family in the district. Gerard 
of Walkerhill appears on the roll of "the 
lesser barons" of Aberdeenshire about 16G0 ; 
and in 1696 the name was more common in 
the parish of Aberdour (where it is yet to be 
found) than in any other place in the county 
{Poll B(joJi). Probably from some of these 
were descended the north country Gerards, 
among whom may be reckoned those of Mig- 
strath, Bishop Gerard, and the Eev. Dr. Gil- 
bert Gerard, both of Aberdeen ; likewise the 
Gerards of Turriff, and those of the parish of 
Mary Culter, &c. So far as relates to Scot- 
land, the name is probably of Gaelic origin 
(Gear-ard — the short head or top of anything) 
but it is quite as likely to have been imported, 



228 



EPITAPHS, AND INSCRIPTIONS : 



since we find Gerard and Henry his son, pos- 
sibly either English or Norman barons, wit- 
nessing charters by King William the Lion, 
about 1189-99 (Eeg. Vet. de Aherb.) The 
Gorards of Bryn, in England, now represented 
by Baron Gerard, claim descent from the 
Dukes of Leinster, in Ireland, and the Earls 
of Plymouth, in England (Burke's Peerage). 

Within an enclosure : — 

Heir lyes ane honest man called George For- 
DTCE in Haiighes of Ashogle, who departed tliis 
lyfe May 16 anno 1681 ; as also Barbara Thom- 
SONE, his spouse, who died 9 Janr. 1695 ; also 
George Fordyce, second lawful! sone to John 
.Fordyce oft' Gask, who died 5 Deer. 1715. 
— John Fordyce, " merchant in Turreffe," was 
a portioner of the lands of Gask in 1696. 
He was an ancestor of the Brucklay family, 
and the tomb was repaired at the expense of 
the late Mr. Dingwall Fordyce, M.P., shortly 
before his death. 

Upon two slabs at west end of enclosure : — 

f!^ HEER LYES TUO CHILDREN CALLED SAMVEL 
AND lEANB KORBSS, LAVFVLLE BEGOTEN BE lAMES 
FORBS OF GRINES, AND MARGARET COUEESON, HIS 
SPOUS, WHO DEPARTED THE 4 OF DECEMBR, ANNO 

1693 ; AS ALSO joun forbes, lavfvl son OF 

THE SAID FAITHER & MOTHER, DIED THE 16 DAY 
OF FEBRVARY 95 YEARS. [i.e. 1695.] 

[2.] 

Here lyes the remains of Margaret Forbes, 
only daughter and heiress of James Forbes of 
Greens, who died January 19, 1768, aged 72 ; 
also of John Anderson of Greens, her husband, 
who died April 17, 1749, aged 80 ; also of James 
and Ann, two of their children, who died Infants; 
also of John Anderson, last of Greens, their 
eldest son, who died unmarried Oct. 4, 1767, 
aged 47. 

— In 1696 James Forbes of Greens and his 
spouse Jean CaUisone were charged .£.9 12s. 
Scots for their poll. Greens was then valued 
at £300 Scots. 

From Hat slabs : — 

Here lyes the body of Ann Maitland, spouse 
to John Catto in Quary ed. 



[2.] 
Heir lyes the body of James Mitchell, some- 
time merchant, in Turriff', who died Decemb. 8, 
1686, as also Jean Davidson, his spouse, who 
died April 1, 1698. 

[3.] 
Here lies Janet Shand, once in Boghead of 
Dunlugas, vho died Ajirile. This stone is erected 
Ijy Robert Lumsden, and Jean Hay his spouse. 

[4.] 

Alexr. Thomson, infant son 

of lohn Thomson in Turre . . . epertit this 
life Novembr the nynt, 1672, and four children 
lawfully begotten be Gilbert Thomson in Shands- 
cross ; they died 1717. 

— " Shandscross," which formed the boundary 
of the Common of Turriff, is about a mile to 
the north-east of the town ; and as the Gaelic 
words Shan-Crois indicate the site of an old 
cross or boundary mark, it had more pro-