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Copyright, 1909, 
Bv D. C. Hbath & C<x 




Ot the three arts, reading, writmg, and speaking a for- 
eign language, reading is doubtless the most important, for it 
is the means by wbkh all other knowledge may best be 
acquired, Moreover, reading, being receptive only and not 
requiring the thorough preparation of a productive knowledge 
Uke writing and speaking, is not only the most useful of all 
brauche of language-study, it is also tbe ea^est to acquire. 
It, therefore, sbould and can receive its due share of atten- 
tion even in our most elementary instruction, when pupils arC 
usually obliged to spend too much time in memorizing facts 
of pronunciation and grammatical niles and paradigms, 
while their reading is largely conüned to a few isolated and 
fragmentary worda and pbiases illustrative of the grammax 
assigned from day to day. If reading be taught systematic- 
ally, like grammar, for example, there can be no reason why 
pupils may not begin fo read at the very outset; for reading 
is one of Ihe most powerful auxiliaries at our command to 
familiarize beginners with the facts of pronunciation and 
grammar, and to interest them in their acquisition. 

The present volume is an attempt to fumish suitable reading 
for tbe first stages of language-study. Though intended prima- 
rily to accompany the author's Lehrbuch der deutschen Sprache, 
it will be found that it may be used as well with any otber school 
grammar, tbe material being carefully graded according to 
grammatical difficulty, which it appears to the author is the 
only Standard by wbich a beginners' book can properly be 

u„i,„. ..Google 

gtaded, without sacrifidng the most valuable feature of the dd 
grammar metbod, and of good teachlng in general, i.e. System. 

Naturally in such systematic procedure a pupil cannot be- 
gin with a fairy-tale or short story. But should he tberefore 
be compelled to omit readiog altogether? Is there no other 
material available which boys and girls may read before plung- 
ing into fiction ? Some teacbers still hold tbe opinion tbat aü 
reading-matter sbould be narrative in style, any other Idnd be- 
ing out of place in a beginners' book, ance it would not appeal 
to the student's interest. This view, however, is erroneous, 
and reSects the teacher's own sentimeuts rather than those <^ 
the Student. A pupil'a interest is gauged by bis caf)adty. He 
will usually delight in whatever he is able to do, and what may 
appear a most attractive story to the teacher will seem duU and 
uninteresting to the pupil who is confronted by too many dif- 
ficulties at once. 

Narrative style commonly presupposes a knowledge of the 
conjugation of weak and streng verbs. This, too, is sometimes 
claJmed to be an advantage of story-reading, it bdng affirmed 
that the verb is the most important factor in the sentence and 
should, tberefore, be taught first, as is often done by teachers 
of French and Eaglisb in Germany. The author fails to per- 
ceive tbe weight of this argument. All that pedagogy is ex- 
pected to perfonn is to find tbe best and easiest way of teaching 
certün facts, and in this it follows its own course, advancing 
Step by Step from the known to the unknown, without regaxd 
to the order in which the science of grammar may arrange its 
material, or to the logical importance that certain parts of 
Speech may have in the expression of thought. Pedagogy 
grades all facts according to the difEcuIty they present to the 
leamer, and in this it naturally takes into consideration the 
language that is to be studied, for the order in which the dif- 
ficulties of German grammar are to be preseated to the pupil 

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does not necessaiily ccjncide with that of Freach or English 

grammar, "Englisb lends itself to teaching grammar accord- 
ing to arbitraiy instalments more readily than German," says 
Professor Bagater-Collins in Ms exceüent work on the teaching 
of German, " for compared with German the language is almost 
formless. Leaving Syntax and the verb-forms aside, the study 
of EngUsh may be said to deal largely with acquiring a vo- 
cabulary, for the chaoge which the words undergo in the sen- 
tence are so slight that they hardly need ta be taken in account, 
at least with the corresponding changes in German. Hence 
it makes practically little diSerence not only in which order 
the diSerent categories make their appearance in the course, 
but also whether the various parts of Speech are introduced 
^multaneously or not." Accordingly, Germ ans can begin with 
the reading of English stories much sooner than we can with 
German texts, With all due respect to Ihe verb, from a ped- 
ago^cal point of view, we have nothing to do with its impor- 
taoce in the sentence, and I dare say that Germans teacb it 
first because they can do so in English, there being no other 
grammaticai difficulty in Ihis language that they can or have 
to teach first, But in a richly inflected language like German 
dose attention must be paid to gender and the declension of 
adjectives and nouns, for an ignorance of these facts will cause 
endless confusion. How far could we advance before we meet 
with obstacles in onr way? 

From the first twelve pages of this bock, with only one Verb- 
form, the third person singular of the present indicative, we 
are able to teach systematically, as everything should be taught 
in our high-schools, the gender of every noun, the four cases 
d the ^ngular of both the definite and indefinite articies and 
of the demonstrative and possessive adjectives, three cases of 
the personal pronouns, and many other things besides. Let 
the tables be tumed and it becomes evident how little of the 

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conjugatioQ can be imparted with one decIensioDal fonn at 
command, without resortiag to paxrot-like memorizing of tbe 
coDJugational paiadigms. 

Not denying tfae verb its due importance, it is absurd to 
suppose tbat it has any significance whatever, imless it be ac- 
companied by a subject, whicb in the German language may 
appear as masculiae, feminine or neuter, not to gpeak of the 
various forms it may assume witbin tbese categories. Many 
of the most common verbs, Uke gebe», nehmen, legen, steÜm, 
setzen, holen, hallen, etc. imply no meaning whatever without 
an accompanying object, or pieposltional pbrase, wbicb again 
presupposes a knowledge of other cases with all tbeir manifdd 
forms, and half of the entire conjugation l>ecomes useless, im- 
less we know something of the formatioD of the piural in Ger- 
man declension. Thus a knowledge of Gennan decleosion 
b absolutely necessary in teaching conjugational forms. It 
must be conceded, moreover, that the German declension is 
very much more difficult for the leamer than the conjuga- 
tion, especially for the American Student who is particulaiiy 
de&cient in bis fceling i(X declensional forms, since bis 
mother-tongue lacks them, while the rules of German conju- 
gatbn require but liltle elucidation to be understood and 
correctly applied through tbeir ^milarity with those of tbe 
vemacular. It is obvious theo that the difficult chapter oi 
German declension should receive special attention and 
should not be slighted or omitted entirely from consideration 
in furoisbing suitable reading material, for here more than 
anywhere eise in bis elementary study does tbe pupil need 
carefuUy graded examples from the hviog language. Fortun- 
ately there is no need of sacrificing the declension to the 
conjugation, inasmuch as the present tense is sufficient for 
all purposes of introductory reading. To Umit ourselves to 
tbis tense untU the pupil is sufficiently familiär with de- 

densional forms, is also the best couise to puisue in teacb- 
ing the conjugation, for the pn^sent tense is not only the most 
irregulär and difficult of all the tenses (cf. bin, hat, stehst, 
killt, nimmt, hält, wiil, darf, wird, etc.), arid, therefore, requires 
a moie thorougb applicatioo on the part of the pupil, but it is 
also the most extensively used. Thus it ia frequently employed 
in place of the English passive construction {man sagt; — das 
Buch lässt sich nicht finden); for tbe English perfect prt^ressive 
(ich bin seit einer Stunde hier) ; ofteo where the English would 
prefer the future tense, and is quite common even in nar- 
rative style. It will be noted that the first part of thia vol- 
ume contains nineteen readable anecdotes in the present tense. 
Only very f ew changes were necessary, most of tbese littlc stories 
being bere given exacüy as they circiüate among G«nnan5. 

Unleas reading be taught systematically It is deprired of Its 
Chief benefits, and falls to familiarize the pupil with grammatical 
forms as it should: isolated, fcagmentaiy remarks od the Doun, 
adjective, verb, pronoun, altemating with syntactical rules, and 
scattered about haphazard as the text may suggest, leave but 
litde Impression upon the student's mind. Qui trop embrasse, 
mal iireinl. Such a procedure, moreover, will make reading 
moie difficult than it ought to be. If all the difficulties en- 
countered at evety Step are explaioed, as they pr<^>eriy should 
be, the connection of the story is continually broken, and tbe 
reading becomes slow and irksome. The effort required by 
such reading involves the utmost limit of the student's capacity, 
and tbe pressure is never removed long enough for him to ex- 
perience any of its deligbts. This is a serious mistake, for 
whaterer value reading may possess in tbe acquisition of a lan- 
guage, it should never be tumed into a drudgery by makmg it 
the basis of all linguistic study. In reading are all tbe pos- 
sibilities of a liberal education, if we create a disposition to 
read with pleasure. 

u„„„.., Google 

Of the various tasks that reading imposes upon the pupil, 
the acquisition of a vocabulary is perhaps of piimaiy impor- 
tance, which may be tbe reason wby all beginners' books are 
graded accordiog to the number of new words introduced on 
any one page. The author fully recognizes the importance of 
a systematic treatment of the vocabulary in a beginners' book, 
but wbether this should be the only gradation that is needed 
is questionable. The search for a word in an alphabetical 
vocabulary is a very simple matter, being a mete mechanical 
act requiring no great amouot of intelligence, and if the Student 
is able to find one word he can also find a hundred. The 
number of new words, then, does not grade the difficulties of 
the reading material, but aETects only the quantity and not the 
quality of tbe student's work. But, while this kind of wort 
does not require great mental effort on the part of the student, 
it is exceedingly fatiguing because of its mechanical character. 
It is imperative then that new words should be introduced with 
discretion, but whether this may be accomplished in a nar- 
rative is open to some serious obj'ections. 

Since the mere tuming of leaves in a comprehenave dictionary 
has no educative value, and the search for a Single word often 
consumes more time than is necessaiy to read whole sentences, 
it seems reasonable to insist that, in the beginning at least, the 
pupil should be aSorded every f acility for ascertaining the mean- 
ing of words in the easiest manner possible, thua saving time 
and effort for better purpose. It is strongly recommended, 
therefore, that every passage be first read and translated by 
the teacber in class, and only on the second ot third penisal 
at home should the student be required to look up words for 
himself in the vocabulary. He will thus oblain a perfect un- 
derstanding of the text and its various Clements, at the same 
time receiving a good impresäon of German pronunciation and 
acceot, all of which will tend to impress the vocabulary upon 

„i,„. ..Google 

bis mind with the permanenc}' and vividness resulüng from as- 


The first voIume the beginner reads escercises great influence 
upon his whole course, and the material upon which he practices 
bis ingenuity cannot be a matter of indifference, The text 
should be beyond reproach in style and simplicity, and all should 
be made as easy as possible. In the choice of material the 
author has bad a double purpose constanlly in view: first to 
present the language in all its various forms and phases, but 
strictly graded according to the difficuhies it offers to the learner; 
second, to interest and instruct high-school students of either 
sex. Many of tbe selections bear special reference to Germany, 
German üterature, biography, history, geography, mylhology, 
and German social life and customs have been illustrated as 
far as the scope of the book would albw. 

Exercises for writing German have not been added; since 
school grammars are already provided with translation exer- 
cises, they would be obviously out of place in a beginners' 
reader. Beginners, moreover, should first become acquainted 
with the writings of others before they can profitably attempt 
to write tbemselves. Grammatical explanalion should be in- 
dulged in only as fax as necessary to a thorough understand- 
ing and appreciation of the test; any more than this is detri- 
mental to the student's progress, distracting bis attention, and 
thereby weakeniog his interest. It is suggested, however, that 
the reading be alwaya accompanied by spontaneous questions 
in German. Such exercises will interest the Student, as they 
fumish a key to a true underslanding of ihe text and at the 
same time are a valuable and important aid in teaching pro- 
nunciation and grammatical forms. 

The Notes are designed to assist the beginner In surmount- 
iog tbe difficulties of grammar and idioms, and to explain all 
aliusions of tbe text. Much attention bas been given to tbe 

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derivatioa and composition of wnds, a koowledge of which 
will greatly facilitate the art of reading. 

The vocabulary at the eod rf the book has been made as 
complete as possible, coataining not only eveiy word of the 
teit but also irregulär forma, so that beginnera can teadily find 
what they require. 

A Grammatical Appendix haa been added for r^erence pur- 
poses mainly. While It is not intended to replace the ordinary 
scbool grammar, the author haa endeavored to make each 
chapter as complete as possible, tbough always foUowlng the 
plan of the usual parad^. 


Washington, D.C, March, 1909. 


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(Erfte Stufe 

1. Viat ttvb SBie 

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»ie Zafel ift f(^nar), unb bie Zur ift braun. — Hüa» 
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»ie lür ift broun.— SSie ift bie lafei? Sie ift f^niorj. 
— Me ift bie SCür? ©ie ift broun.— 3ft bie lofel b 
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3ft ba« eilt S8uc^? 3a, ba« tft ein ^uä). ~ 3ft bas ko- 
pier? 3o, baä ift 'Rapier. 

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tft bog S8uc^? ffi« ift flriin. — JJBie ift bo« Sßopicr? l£8 
5 ift weiß. — 3ft bafl 95ud& flriin? 3a, e« ift grün. — 3ft 
bai $apier aud^ grün? Dlein, ti tft nid^t grün, fonbetn 
weife. — 3ft baS Sn(^ fltün ober treife? @« ift grün. — 
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Die Sa^ falfi^, ber guc^« ift fc^Iau. 

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etfteä SeiebiM^ 3 

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ift titin? — SBa« ift BroJ? s 

SBie ift btr Stein? (Sr ift ^art.— Sit ift bie atume? 
®it ift bunt. — Bit ift ba« SBuit? SS ift bW. — Bie 
ift btr Sommtr? — SBie ift btr SSintet? — äBit ift ba« 
Stuer? — SBie ift btr 8oO? — Kit ift bet ^unb? — 
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«<iläe?~SBie ift bie SKau«? — SBie ift ba« Sinb? — 
SBie ifl bet »eitler? 

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SDSIi^ lueij? 3a, fit ift reeij.— 3fl ba« Suij bi(J? 3o, 
eä ift bi*. — 3ft bet SSät btoun? — 3ft bet (Sfel bumm? u 

— 3ft bit 5üttt Htin? — 3ft ba« SiSIoJ 8to6? — 3ft 
bet gaben lanj? — 3ft bet Sraib tteu? — 3ft bet gui^« 
fi^Iau?— 3ft ba« flinb jung? 

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btm Wt. — 3ft bie äKil(i grlln? ?!ein, fie ift ni(4t grtln, » 
fonbem weife. — 3ft ba« ©i^Iofe fitin? 9lein, e« ift nii^t 
nein, fonbtm grofe. — 3fl bet 5ui^« bumm? — 3ft bie 
Kau« jtiln? — 3fl bie $ütte gtoj? — 3ft ber ©unb 
fnifi^?— 3ft bit «alje tteu? 

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4 ISifteS Sefebiu^ 

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treu ober falf^? — 3ft ber guc^« bumm ober fd(ilau? — 
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ober ((^worj? 

s 3ft ber ^immel grün ober braun? (Sr ift lueber ßtün, 
nod^ braun, fonbem blou. — 3ft bie 2ßau8 fd&Mwri ober 
btau? ©ie ift Weber fd&lDorj noc^ blau, fonbem fliou. — 
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ober braun? 

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ein §unb ift ein lier; ein gfel ift anä} ein S:ieT, ober' 

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ein SKenf^, unb SRarie ift au^ ein 2nenfd&. <St ift ein 

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ober eine ^rm. 

~ Sin 3lpfel ift eine gru^t, eine 93ime ift aud^ eine gruc^t, 
aber eine SRofe ift teine %ru^t, fonbem eine Slume. Sine 
SSIume ift eine ^Panje, aber eine ^ftanje ift nic^t immer 
eine SBtume. ©a« ®ra« ift eine '^ftanje, aber feine 

u„i,„. ..Google 

Das ®oIb ift cht mttaü; baS ©Über ift au(^ ein m- 
tau, ober ber ©ranit ift [ein aWetatt, fonbcm ein ©tein. 
S)er Diamant ft ein (Sbclftein. ©er ®ranit ift ein ©tein, 
aber Eein (Sbelftein. ©n ©tetn ift ein SWinecal, ober ein 
SDHneral Ift nic^t immer ein ©tein. ©in SRetaH ift ein s 
aJKneral, unb boS Soffer oud^. 

S)er 99aa ift ein ©ing; ein ^nä) ift an^ ein SMnfl, 
aber bie ©enne ift fein J)infl, fonbem ein SBogel. ©n 
SJogel ift ein üer, ober ein lier ift nic^t immer ein Sioflel. 
Set gering ift oui^ ein 2;ier, ober er ift (ein Söget, fon= w 
bem ein gtfi^. ©ne gliege ift au^ ein 2:iet, ober roeber 
ein gtfc^ noc^ ein SBoget, fonbem ein ^nfeEt. 

SBoä ift ein gu(^«? Ein guc^S ift ein lier.— 3ft 
eine ffiolje axiä) ein lier? Sa, eine Sa^ ift ouc^ ein 
lier.— JBJa« ift eine SDiouS? ©ne Sffiau« ift ond^ ein 15 
Sier.— 3ft ba8 ®ra8 auti^ ein Sier? 9!ein, ba« ®vas 
ift fein lier, fonbem eine 'pftanje. — SEßa« ift ein lifc^? 
ein lifc^ ift ein 3)ing. — Sft ein ©tutil aut^ ein Ding? 
3o, ein ©tu^l Ift au^ ein 3)infl. — 3ft ein Änobe auc^ 
ein 3)ing? 91ein, ein Änobe tft fein SHng, fonbem ein ao 
äRenfc^. — 3ft ein 5Dienfcö immer ein ffnobe? 9lein, ein 
Sßenf^ ift ni(^t immer ein Snobe, fonbem entweber ein 
Snabe ober ein Mäbc^en, ein Mann ober eine grau. — 3ft 
ein HIHneral immer ein ©tein? 5Rein, ein SlSneroI ift 
ntc^t immer ein ©tein; ein SfffetaH ift oue^ ein 3ntneral, aj 
nnb ba« 2Saffer am%. — 3ft ein ©tein immer ein JOiine» 

u„i,„. ..Google 

6 l£c^8 Sefebit^ 

tal? 3a, ein ©tdn ip immer ein SDHneral. — ^ft eine 
SKauS immer grau? tßein, eine aWaue ift entmeber ßrau 
Dlxr roeife. — 3ft ein SBftr immer braun? SÜdn, ein SBär 
ift entueber braun, ft^Uarj ober toeig. 

4. neim 

1 1. eine, jlDci, brei, 2. ©nö, jWei, bret, 

att ift ni(^t neu, att tft nit^t neu, 

tfieu ift ni^t alt, arm ift nic&t ret4 

SBflrm ift ni(^t fatt, $att ift nti^t toäiit, 

ffalt ift nt^t warm, J^rif^ ifi nlt^t faut, 

iReid(l ift nt^t arm. I)et Oc^ö* ift [ein ®ouI. 

3. ©nS, gtoei, brei, 
ait tft nic^t neu, 
^lug ift nit^t bumm, 
Unb grabe nti^t Irumm, 
i S)ie Äajje ift feine äUau«, 

S)flS ?ieb(^en' ijt au«. 

5. ^vtidttu'itttt 

1. ©prid^mort, ÜBa^rroort. — 2. (£rfaf)rung ma^t flug. 

— 3. ©^Ön^rit Oergcfit,'' Xuflenb beftef)t. — 4. Seine Snt' 

mort* ift audi eine SlntWort. — 5. armut ift (eine^Sünbe. 

so — 6. Umfonft ift her Sob.' 


6, »eint 
Me «aläe fätijt bie Mou«, 
Der §inib beltatiit ba8 §au8, 
SBer OiS[e frijt bo« gutter, 
Sit JJu^ Bibt !imt(^ unb Sutttr.' 

Der gastr" Wiejt bo« ®itb, j 

Btr SKattr moll bo« «Ib, 
©er SJauer pflüflt ba« gelb, 
®n Settier Jat tein ©elb. 

S)er S[el Iräjt bie Soft, 

So« Siiiff ^at einen SKoft, • 

Der gürft ^t einen Zi)xm, 

Der SJotcr Uebt ben ©o^n. 

Der lifi^Ier mo(§t ben lifi^. 

Der gtft^er fängt ben gifi^, 

Der j^ünig fiot ein ©c^log, i 

Der SReiter ftot ein 3iofe. 

SBo« fangt bie «a^e? Sie fangt bie .Mau«.— SBa« 
beh)a(^t ber §unb? er benjod&t bo« §ou«.— 2Ba« frifet 
ber O*? St frifit bo« Jutter,— Bo« gibt bie «u^? 
Sie gibt mti^ unb 8uttet.— SBo« fiijieSl ber gager? = 
ISr (t^ieSt bo« ffitlb.— SBer fi^iett bo« ffiilb? Der 3a. 
ger fc^iegt e«.— SBo« molt ber ÜTioIer? er molt bo8 

u„i,„.., Google 

8 er(teä aejebudi ' 

fflUb.— aSBer malt baä fflilb? 3)cr 3na&r malt eö.— 
aSaä pflüßt ber Sßauer? gr ppgt boS gelb. — Söec 
pflügt baa gelb? ©er Sauer ppgt e8.— SBer ^at fein 
©elb? (Sin ©ettlcr ^ot fein @clb.— SBa« tut ber Sfel? 

5 er trägt bie 8aft.— SEßa« tut ber §unb? — 3Ba« tut bie 
Äa^e? — SBtt« tut ber Oc^fe? — aSJa« tut ein aWaler? — 
SBa« tut ein Sauet? — aSa« i)at ein ©c&iff? ßä liot 
einen SWaft. ©a« f)at einen 3Waft? ®n ©d&iff ^at ei= 
nen SRaft. — aSaS fiat ein gürft? Sr ^at einen I^ron. 

jo — SBer ftat einen Ifiron? (äin gürft ^at einen Sü^ron. 
— ©er liebt ben ©o&n? ®er ißater liebt il|n.— SSBen 
liebt ber Sßater? ©r liebt ben ®o^n. — ©er fänflt ben 
3tf(^? TxT gtf(%er fönflt i^n.— 9Ber moc^t ben 3:ifd6? 
2ier lifd&ler mot^t t^n. — §at ein SBettler ein ©d&loß? 

IS 9Iein, ein Settier ^ot fein ©d&loß, fonbem eine §ütte. 
©et t)at ein ©d^lofe? ©n Äönig ^at ein ©cfilofe.— ©er 
l^at ein SRofe? ©in leitet ^at ein 9Iofe. 

7. ^it atamtfie 

iSarl ^at einen Sater unb eine Sthitter. @r ^ot oui§ 
einen Sruber, ober feine «Si^luefter. ÄottS ' Srubet Ö«6t 
3o ©ill)elm. ©ein' ©roßDatet ift tot. ©eine ©rofemutter 
lebt noc^,* aber (ie ift fe^r alt. Äarl ift ein (gnEel feiner 
©rofemutter. Äarl liebt feine ®ro^mutter, unb fie liebt 
tlin auc^. 

äWein Onfel ift ber Sruber meines Sätet«.* ®ie Stau 

grflefl ae[ebutf| 9 

wteine« On(el8 ift meine Xmit. Wlän Ontet ^at einen 
©o^n unb eine Xo^ttt. ©ein ©o^n ift mein ißcttcr, unb 
feine loc^ter ift meine iSoufine. SWarienS' OnEel ift ber 
«ruber i^rer SRufter. 3ftr Setter ^ifet gri^ unb ifire 
Soufine Snna. s 

Der aWonn einer ©(^luefter ift ein ©(^iDoger, unb bie 
grau eine« SBruber« ift eine ©d&hJägerin.* S)er ©o^n 
meine« ©ruber« ift mein 91effe, unb feine loc&ter ift meine 
^iic^te. Sluna« ©d^Wägerin ift bie grau if)re8 ©ruber«. 
Stton ' nennt Sßater unb Ißutter auc^ (Sfteru,* unb Sruber lo 
unb ©(^toefter ©efc^mifter. Suife ^at ©efrJ^ttiftet; [k liat 
einen ©ruber unb eine ©t^wefter. 

SBa« ift ein Onfet? (Sr ift ein ©ruber bc« ©oter« ober 
bet ajhxtter.— SBeffen ©«roefter ift bie laute? ©ie ift 
bie ©d&mefter be« SBaterä ober ber SWutter.— Seit Äarl« 15 
©rofeBater noi^? Stein, er ift tot— Sie Reifet ffari« 
©ruber? dx Reifet ÜSU^Im.— -SBa« ift ber ©ofin eine« 
Onfel«? er ift ein ©etter.— aSeffen grou ift eine ©(^mä= 
flerin? Die grau eine« ©ruber« ift eine ©d^wagerin. — 
§at Äart noi^ Sttem? 3a, er f)at noc^ ©Item. — §at ao 
er au(^ noc^ ©rofeeltem? ©eine ©roftmutter lebt noti^, 
aber fein ©rofeoater ift tot. 

8. eptiOfioatUt 
1. Die @ule lobt ben lag nic^t/ — 2. dint* ©c^Wat« 
be ma^t feinen ©ommer. — 3. 5Rot bri(5t Sifen. — 4. 

uwi..=^ ..Google 

Sunft dringt @unft. — 5. Der aBille'.tft be« aSerfea* 
(Seele.— 6. SSorft^t ift bte 9Kutter ber 2Bei8lieit. 

9. SiU «mit) 
3)a8 ift eine §anb, imb baS ift ein ginger. 3>t 5*"* 
ger ift an* bcr §anb, unb Me §anb ^öngt an' bem Sinn. 
5 SBo ift ber ginger? gr ift an ber §onb. 2Bo tiängt bie 
§anb? ©ie ^öngt on bem Sinn. 

5Der ginger ift ein Seil ber §anb. SUian unterfi^ibet 
an* ber §anb eine ^anbftüt^e, einen §anbrü(fen, ben 
finöc^rf unb ben ginger. :Die §anbp(^e ift in ber $onb, 
10 unb ber ^onbrücCen ift ouf ber §anb. 

3eber° ginger (lat einen 9iamen.' tiefer' ginget ift 

ber Daumen. 3>r 5Ramen biefe« gingerS ift ^ei^t^n^tv. 

Diefer ging'er Reifet iöfittelfinger, unb baS ift ber 3iing= 

finger ober ber ©olbfinger. ®aö ift ber Heine gtnger. 2Bel= 

IS ^er' ginger ift bo8? 3)a8 ift ber Daumen. Der Doumen 

ift bid unb lurj. Der Heine ginger ift aud) lurj, aber er 

ift bünn. Der älWttelfingec ift (ang. Der 3efgefinger ift 

auiSj lang, ober nic^t fo lang tuie* ber SWittelfinger. 

Der SWittelfinger ift neben bem 3E'9«f'nfl£'^ ii"^ ""f^ 

90 neben bem ^Ringfinger. Der äRitteffinger ftef)t in ber 

2Ritte, jltifc^en bem 3"9ffin9e'^ "^^ t'^t" SRingfinger. 

aWarie trägt' einen SRing on bem 9?tngftnger.'° 3eber 

ginger t)Qt einen 9IageI. Der gingemagel ift an bem 

Snbe be8 ginger«, an ber gingerfpilje." 

uwi..=^ ..Google 

etfte« Ze\tb\iä) 11 

10. natfep 
mx^tt finet^t tiat Eeinm ?o&n? 
SSetd&ec Saum ^ot tetne ifron'? 

aSetc^er ffönig f)at fein Sonb? 
SBdi^EC Slrm £)at feine §anb? 

Sel(^e i!ul^ l^at gar (ein' ^orn? 5 

©elc&e SRofe feinen ©ont? 

S5JeI(^e8 93äum(^en ^at fein ?ou6? 
SSJetc^e ©trafee feinen ©taub? 

11. ^ptU^ittct 

1. SRorgenftunbe !|at ®oIb im' SDIimbe.*— 2. §o(^mut 
fommt Bor bcm gälte. — 3. ^ebe greub' ^at ein 8eib auf "> 
bcm SRüden. — 4. ^eber ift feine« ®lücfe3 ©c^mteb.— 
5. StKer^ 3lnfanfl ift fc^ttier.— 6. @in ©ewtffen, gut unb 
rein, ge^t über' ®elb unb Qbelftein. 

12. Itrv 9(titi nitti iaS «Bein 
3)er tixm fiängt an ber ©(^ulter, unb baa Sein an bcr 
§Üfte. 2)ie ©c^utter ift ein ©eleu!, unb ber arm ift ein 15 
©lieb. S)cr Sltbogen ift ein ®elenf ilriif(§en bem Ober^ 
arm unb bem Unterarm, ^ae Änie teilt' bo« Sein in 
ben ©(^entel unb bo« ©c&ienbein. S)er ©c^enfel ift über 
bem ©(^ienbein, unb baS ©i^ienbcin ift unter bem ©c^cn= 
fei. M 

u„i,„. ..Google 

12 ffirfleB Üefebu^ 

!t)aa ©elenl jWtft^n beiti Sinn unb ber §anb ^i§t 

• ^anbgelcnf. Da« gußgelenf ift jmifc^ bem gufe unb 

bem ©ein. 2ßan unterfe^ibet an bcm gufe bte gerfe, ben 

©pann, bte ^ufefo^I^ ""** ^'^ 3''&£' 2)te gufefo^le ift 

5 unter bcm ^u^e. 3)er SRenfdi fte^t auf ber gu6fof)Ie. 

Sin (eher 3e^e ift ein klaget. 

ißJit biegen ben Srm' im ©flbogen unb boS Sein im 

Ante, ffiir biegen ben Srm, ober mir ftreden il&n. SSJit 

ergeben ben 9Irm, ober mir fenfen i^n. 3Bir bemegen ben 

"* 3Inn unb ba« Sßein. SEßir bewegen ein ©Heb in bcm ©e* 

lenf. (Sin ©lieb ift beUKgli^. 

13. %U ftDtiiti^attPti' bc9 Seitioott» 

9Kan fonjugtert* ein 3"traort; ba8 Reifet, man fagt bie 
gorm bea 3"tt'"'rt« in jeber ^erfon ber ©ngafil unb ber 
2Wef)rja^l. 3f<§ fonjugiere jefet baS ä^itroort ,fcn(cn*' im 

ij ^rafenS: ii^ fenfe — bu fenfft, ober <Bk fenfen* — er, fie, 
e«, ober man fenft — Mir fenfen — itjr fentt, ober ©ie 
fenfen* — fie fenfen. I3er 3nH)eratio biefe« 3"th)ort« 
I)eifet in ber @inial&I: fenfe! ober fenfen ©ie!' unb in ber 
aWefiria&I: fenft! ober fenfen ©ie! 

K> konjugieren ©ie ba6 3«itWort „gleiten" tm träfen«: 
— 3(^ gleite — bu gleiteft,^ ober ®ie gleiten — er, fie, e8, 
übet man gleitet,' — wir gleiten — itjr gleitet," ober ©te 
gleiten — fie gleiten. SBie ficifet ber ^mperati» biefe« 
3eitWort«? iSr ^ißt in ber (Stnjal)l: gleite! ober gleiten 

»s©ie! unb in ber Mti^xiaffU gleitet! ober gleiten ©ie! 
u„i,„. ..Google 

iSiflEä Stfefcucti 13 

3(§ erfiebe ben Srm — im er^ebft ben 21nii, ober ©te 
ergeben ben Htm — er, fie, efl, ober man erljebt ben arm 
— mir ergeben- ben arm — if)r erljebt ben arm, ober ®ie 
er^ben ben 2lrm — fie ergeben ben Slrm. ffir^be ben 
arm! (Sr^bt ben Slrm! ffirf^ben ©te ben Stml 

14, »einte 

1. (ärogmüdi^en, . 2. aßäuö^en, SWöuft^en, 

IrinP' ein ©t^tüdi^en, Sauf in bein §äu8dfien, 

gang' ein SRüifi^en, ©pring' in bein 2oä), 

©ing' ein ©tüdi^en, ©onft fommt bo8 ffiö1jc6en 

©raömücf^en. Unb fängt' bic&* bot^. , 

15. ^ptiOftaitttt 

1. 8obe ben Xog ntc^t bor bem abenb!— 2. 3)umm= 
ffeit unb ©tolj hjad^fen auf einem §oIj. — 3. 3rren' 
ift menfc^Ii^.'— 4. (Srft befinn'8, bann beginn'«!" — 
5. SSor ber lat ^alte 9Iat — 6. SBie ber ^rr, fo bec 
.Kneift.— 7, @nbe* gut, ade« gut. — 8. ^urd^t in @e= ■ 
fa^r ift ©f^iDöt^."— 9. ©ie Äofee tüfet' bo« SDiaufen» 
ni(§t. — 10. §ören, ©ef)en unb ©(^»etgen üertjüten man= 
^en* ©treit. 

16, 1S)a9 ec^uUintinet 

Äarl ift ein ©c^üIer, unb 3lnna ift eine ©ri^ülerin. I5tn 
©Ritter ift ein Änabe, unb eine ©^ülerin ift ein äßübc^en. a 
ein ©(^ler ge^t in bie ©ri^ule." SBir finb jeßt in ber 
©c^ule.'" DiefeS ^immer ift ein ©c^utiimmer. 

L ,1 - Cioogic 

14 etjteä 2eje6uÄ 

See ®(^üler filjt in Dem ©c^uliinimet enttoeber auf einer 
SBanl ober auf einem ©tn^I. ^Bor tt)m ftel)t ein '^utt. 
3)er 8ef)rer ^ot aud& ein ^ult in bem ®^üläimmer. J)aS 
^u[t beä Setters ift grofe unb ftetif geroölinli^ auf einer 

s ftattform. §inter feinem $ulte' fteftt ein ©tu^t. Huf 
bem ^ufte beS ?e^rers ftefit ein Xintefafe, unb in ber 
©c^ublobe feineö ^utteS ift Rapier, ^eber ©d^üfer ^at 
in feinem ^ulte ein Sefebud^, ein ©c^reibbuc^, einen 93tei= 
ftift, einen geberljalter, eine geber unb ein .Söfc^blatt. 

lo Die Txät beä ©c^uläimmcrs ift über une, unb ber ^ufe* 
boben ift unter un3. Qn biefer SBanb be8 ©(^uljimmer« 
ift eine %üx, in iener^ ift ein genfter. Da« genfter Ittfet' 
Sic^t unb Suft in baö ©d&uläimmer. 9ln biefer Sanb ift 
eine Sßjanbtafel, an jener l)iingen eine Sonbtarte, eine Utjc 

15 unb ein Äalenber. 5)fe6cn bem {Jenfter ftef)t ein S8ü^r= 
fc^ranf unb neben ber SSanbtafel ein Xi\^. Sluf bem Xif(^ 
ftnb ein Stneal, ein S^^^^^r **" SSifc^er' unb ein Äaften. 
Sn bem Äoften ift Äreibe. ^ier neben ber Xür befl iS(i^ul= 
jimmer« f)änflt ein löermomcter. Da« I^ermometer 

20 jeigt uns bie SSärme bes ©c^utjimmerS. 

17. mu @cft)ca« 

SBie Reifet bu? 3<^ Öeifee SGJitI)«lm WiUex.—^ti^t 

bein*^ ißater auc^ 2BiII&e(m? 9!ein, mein iBater l^ei^t 3o= 

l^ann. — §aft bu* ©efc^iuifter? 3^ tiabe eine ©^mefter, 

aber (einen ©ruber. — SSo bift bu' je^t? iJd^ bin iefet in 

u„i,„. ..Google 

her ®^ule. — ®c^t beine ©(^roefter au(^ in biefe ©d^ule? 
Sfiein, meine ©c^ioefter ift no(^ ganj flein, fte ge^t no(§ 
ntc^t' in bte ©d^ule. — SBie tteifet biefeg 3i"tiner? ©iefe« 
3inimer fietfet ein ©c^utitmnter. — SÜJaS bift bu? 3^ 
bin ein ©ttiülcr biefer ©c^ule.— 2Ser ift bein Settrer? ©ie 5 
finb mein Setirer. — 3öaS fiaft bu Dor bir? 3!c^ ^nbe ein 
^ult bor mir. — 3Bo ift maneni *ipult? 158 fte^t Dor 
i^r. — SBofiin legft bu bein Sefe6uc&? 3c6 lege eö Oor mii$ 
auf mein '^ult.— §Qft bu bein Sefebuc^ jeljt Oor bir ouf 
bem '^ulte? 9Iein, idi ftefje jegt unb l^alte' mein Jefebudi w 
in ber §anb.* — StBo liegt* mein 8efebu(§? @3 liegt bor 
^^ auf 3^rem* ^ulte. — ®a« bringt jeber ©d&üter in 
bie ©c^ule? I5r bringt fein Sefebuc^ unb fein ©c^reibbud^ 
in bie ©i^ule. — Sringft bu tein Rapier in bie ©i^ule? 
3a, äuweilen, aber meinen fflleiftift, meinen gebcrljalter, 15 
meine geber unb bns Jöfc^blatt loffe iä)' immer in ber 
©d&ute, — SBringt ber ©c^üIer Eeine Ünte? Jfein, mir 
befommen^ unfere Sinte in ber ©d^ule. 3n (ebem 
©t^utjimmer ift eine linteffafc^, unb jeber ©d^üter ^at 
ein lintefafe in feinem ^ulte. . 20 

18. 3(ncR>Ptcit 

1. Sin 95auec begegnet* feinem Slbbofaten' auf ber 

©trafee'" unb fagt: „(Sine Srage toftet nichts, nic^t irafir," 
^rr" atbDofat?"— „mein," antwortet ber SlbDoEat, „bie 
grage foftet nichts, aber bie Slntfflort." 

uwi..=^ ..Google 

16 etfleS 2efe6u* 

2. „3Sic ^ißt bu?" fragt fate Seftrcrin einen iinaben* 
in bex ©c^ule. 3!)er Äna&e fi^tDeigt. „Slun,' roie ruft 
biä) * bein ißofec?" — „äWein 5Batet ruft mi(§ uit^t, et 

? 3. Sin Seiltet fragt in her <B^u\t: „SSer fennt bm Sla^ 
men eine« JtereS?" 9fiemanb antwortet. @nblt(§ ergebt 
ein ©c^üIer bie §anb unb fagt: „@in 9Burm, §err Sekret." 
— „JRtc^tig, SBil^elm," fagt ber 8el)rer, „ein SBurm ift ein 
2;ier. SBer fennt noc^ ein* lier?* — SBieber feine 2lnt= 

° iDort. „SBtlfielm," ruft ber Sekret enblicö, „fennft bu noi§ 
ein Sier?"— „3n, §en: ge&rer."— „9lun, SEBtl^elnt, inic 
f)eifef baS Zkx?"— „ytoä) ein SSurm, §err Seigrer," mU 
roortet aSilfiefm. 

19. ®9vlt4e 

1. Do8 3^ unb mi(^, btt« SRit unb aßein," 
5 SRefliert* in biefer 2Se[t allein.' 

2. Seme Drbnung, liebe fie, 
Orbnung fpatt bir 3eit unb äWiif)'. 

3. ^pgen unb nic^t [ften, 
?efen unb ni(§t öerfte^en, 

o 3ft l^alb milbig' ge^en. 

4. Slirf' erft auf bid^, 
5)ann rii^te mi(^. 


5. JRebe tDeniß,* rebe Yoaf)v, 
ffitefaS' Stehen drinflt ©efal^r. 

6. S3e« Kaufes 3ter tft dttinli^^ttit,' 
De« §aufe8 @]&t' @aftfreunbli^(ett, 

Des ^aufe« ©egen grömmtflleit, s 

SDe« $aufe€ ®tücf 3ufrieb«n^tt. 

20. 3n bct Sdittfc 

35er Se^er le^rt in ber ©c^ule, unb bcr ©exilier lernt. 
33iefe ©^ule ift eine §o^fi^uIe.* SDer ©filier femt in 
einer §o(^[^u[e ©nflllfd^, 3)eutfi§, granäöfi[d^, Sotetn, 
@riet^ft^, ®ef(§i(^te, ©eoBrop^ic, ÜKat^ematif, ^^^fil lo 
unb S^emte. 2)cutfi^ ift eine ©pra(^, unb '^Jlj^fif ift eine 
SBiffenfd^aft. Äorl« ©ruber ge^t in eine (ätenwntarfc^ule. 
Dort lernt er bui^ftabteren,* lefen, fd^reiben, jeii^nen unb 

3n ber Älaffe ift bet B(S)üiti ftet« fleißig ' unb aufmerf= is 
fam.' ISr lieft* in feinem IGefebudi. Der Center lieft 
i^m aUt& laut unb beuttitfi öor/" unb ber ®i§üler ad^tet 
auf " bie SluSfprac^ beS Se^rer« unb tpiebertiolt " e«. 5Kon= 
äfti SBort Derfte^t ber ©d^üler nic^t, aber ber Sel&rer er= 
Hart eS i^m. Oft fteöt ber Scljrer eine grage an " ben x. 
©c^üler, unb biefer antwortet bem ?e'£)rer auf Deutfd)," 
3n ber filaffe fpric^t" ber Sekret geroölintic^ Deutfd). 

Der ©c^üter lernt aud& bie ©rammatif einer ©prad^e. 

u„i,„. ..Google 

©et Sekret ernttrt icbe JRegel bei ©rammatif, unb bcr 
©^tller [emt fte bann auStocnbig. 3n ber ©i^tüe übt 
m' ber ©i^üler öiel im ?efen, ©ttireiben, ^pved^tn unb 
überfcljen,' benn „Übung* mac^t ben SHeifter" fagt ba« 
5 ©prii^ttiort. Oft gibt* ber Sefirer bera ©Ritter eine Sluf' 
gäbe, ©iefe Slufgabe ft^reibt ber ©d&Uler ju §aufe,* unb 
ber Selfrer Derbeffert fie. 

21. ®t}ptikat itt »er ftlaffe 

®a« für' ein SBort ift „<Bä)ükv"? @8 ift ein ^upt= 
hjort ober ©ubftanttö.'— ©(iireiben mir ba8 SBort „@t^ü= 

10 ler" grofe ober Hein? SSir fc^reiben eS immer grofe.— -3ft 
„lefen" auc^ ein .gjauptroort? 9lein, eö ift ein 3^tlDort, 
unb rair fc^reibcn eä Hein. — 3>ef[inieren ©ie bafl SBJott 
„©(^üler" in ber ©nja^I! ^ominatiö: ber ©^üler, ®e= 
nett»: bc8 ©i^üler«, ©atitt: bem ©c^üIer, aifufatitt: ben 

IS ©t^ttler.— aßeld&e« ®ef(^[ed&t ^at baS 3Sort „®(^üter"? 
es ift mönnlid&.— 3ft baS 2ßort „©(i&ute" roeiblic^ ober 
\ääß(i)?'' e« ift »eibfic^ unb crforbert ben ^xüM „bie" 
ober „eine." — Stuf* roeli^e grage anttoortet ber Slomina» 
tiö? @r antroortct auf bie grage 3Ö e r ober Sß a 8; ber 

OT gfiominotiD Reifet barum auf Jleutfc^ ber Serfaß. — 2luf 

ttwid&e groge antwortet ber ©enetiD? St onttuortet auf 

bie grage SB e f f e n unb Reifet barum aui$ ber SÜScffenfall. 

ÄOttiugieren ®ie baS ^eitoort „fel&en" im ^räfenä ! ^ä) 

fe^— bu fie^ft,'" ober ©ie fe^— er, fie, ei, ober man 

u„i,„. ..Google 

fte^t — ttttt \ei)m~ iffv fe^t, ober ©te feigen — fie fefien. — 
Sßie l^eifet bet SlnUKrattO biefeS 3"troort8? 3)te ©injal&I 
f)eifet: fielf!' ober fefien©ie! unb- bie 3)ie^rja^l Reifet: feilt! 
ober fetien ©te ! — SBeränbett ba3 ^eitioorf „l)alten" ben SJo= 
Eat feine« ©tamme«? 3a, eö tiat ben Umlaut ' im träfen«, s 

SffiaS für ein SRebeteil ift bo« StBorf „jttnfc^en"? 158 ift 
eine ^räpofition ober ein SJormort. — 3Bo fte^t ein 93or= 
iDort? e« ffefit oor einem ©oupttoort.— 3ft ba« Stöort 
„er" au^ ein 3?omjort? ?(lein, eS ift ein ^ürwort' imb 
ffelft an ber ©teile* eines §auptlDorte8. — Sa« für ein " 
©ort ift „grofe"? @8 ift ein Stbieftio ober ein (äigenfii&aftS' 
Wort, benn e8 bejeic^net bie (äigenfc&aft eines Dinges. — 
SBeli^en gall regiert baS SBorloort „irolfc^en"? 6« re= 
giert ben Hfhifatio auf bie' Srnflf ' SB o fj i n unb ben 3)a= 
ti» auf bie grage SB o. — ®ut. 3eßt machen ©ie ba3 15 
m^ äu," bie ©tnnbe' ift au8. ^bieu!* — 3luf 3Bicber= 
(ef)en,' §err Se^rcr! 

23. aSSie mau etina« tut 
!ßer ©Collier mac^t bie Züx auf. 2Bie mac^t er ba«? 

— ®r ftetft auf — er fte^t — er gel^t an bie Xüx — er ftef)t 
an ber Xüx ftiß — er ftrectt ben 9Irm auS — er fa^t ben so 
Türgriff an — er f)äft ben ®rtff in ber §anb — er brel^t 
ben ©riff um— er iicfjt an ber 3:ür — bie Züx öffnet fit^'" 

— bie Sür ift je^t offen. ®er ©i^üter Iä§t ben lürgriff 
I06 — er tommt jurütf unb fe^t (ii^ " auf feinen ©tutit. 

uwi..=^ ..Google 

20 "äifle« 2ele6u* 

aWarie fd^reibt ein SBort an bie Xafet. SBte mac^t fK 

ba«? — @te fte^t auf — fte ge^t an bie Safef — fte fte^t 

an ber Zaftt ftill — iefet. ift 2ßaric an ber lafel — fte 

ftredt ben Slrm au& — fie fted t bie §anb in ben Äaften unb 

5 nimmt' ein ©tüd Äreibe* — fte i)iüt bie treibe in ber §anb 

— fie ergebt ben Slrm unb fd^retbt ein Sort an bie lofel 

— baä fBort fielet jeiät an bec Safet. aHarie fentt bm 
Slrm unb legt ba« ®tUd Sreibe mieber in ben Saften — 
jelät f)at 9)iaric nii^t« tn ber §anb — fie tommt jurücC unb 

10 feijt fic^ auf i^ren ©tu!)!. 

^ä) äünbe jetjt ba8 ®a3 an. ©eben ©ie ac^t! — 3d^ 
ftedCe bie §anb in bie lofc^ — in ber lafi^ fafee ic^ meine 
^ünb^ofäfc^actltel — ic^ ite^e bie ©c^ari&tet f)erau« — jelät 
f)alte iif) bie ©d^ot^tel in ber §anb — ic(i mati&c bie ©c^ac^tel 

IS auf unb nel^me ein 3ünbfjolj tjerauä — iä) reibe ba« S^^" 
^olj an ber ©eite ber ©^ac^tel — ba8 3üiibf)olä begtnnt 
gu brennen — e8 brennt iefef, unb mir fe^ bie glömme 

— ic^ erfiebe ben Slrm — ii) ergreife ben §aftn be6 ®a6= 
arm« unb bref)e t^n um — ba8 @a8 entlteit^t — i($ ^altc , 

!K> mein 3ünbf)otä über bie Öffnung be« ®a8arm8 — baß @a8 
beginnt ju brennen — eS brennt unb erteuti^tet ba« 3^"^= 
mer — ba6 3ünbl)o'[j brennt ie^t niti^t mef)r — eö ift au8 

— iäi fente ben Slrm unb roerfc ' ba8 3ünbl(ioli hieg — iefet 
mac^e iä) meine 3ünb^oläfifiQ(^tel ju unb ftecfe fie tmeber 

«5 in bie Xa\ä)c — ic^ ge^ an meinen ^lofe unb fefee mt(^. 

u„i,„. ..Google 

23. «tteADtctt 

1. irSrifer" ftflflt ein ßnatK feinen greunb, „nw« fiaben 
Wir me^r ' nötifl, bie ©onne oi>er ben SDionb?" — «^lun, 
ben IKonb natürli^." — ,©o? Sßjarum ^aben Wir benn 
ben 2»onb mel^r nötig?"— „Sfiun," antwortet grilä, „am 
lage^ tft e« ja' ^H genug." s' 

2. „Stnna, Wo8 tft ein amp^tbtum?" fragt bie 2e!)rerin 
ein ^&b^m. — „®in Slmp^tbium tft . . ., ein Slmp^ibtum 
ift . . ." änno ftodt.^ — „93e(inne bitti,^ änna!" ermuntert 
bie 8e^rertn bae äßäbd^en: „ein Stmp^ibium lebt teils auf 
bem ?anbe,* teil« . . .9" — „teils in ber ©tabt," QntWor=^ jo 
tet ba8 aRäbt^ fc^neH. 

3. ©in !Dtenftmäbc^n tft in Söerltn ouf ber SluSftcItung 
unb fie^t bort einen Säfimo. „SBie gefallt eä* 3I)nen in 
Serlin?" fragt fie ben @«fimo. £)iefer' Berftet)t fic na= 
tttriicti nii^t imb fd^weigt. Tia fragt ba« SDienftmäbc^en 15 
no<l^ einmal:' „3ft e« ^ier in Serltn ntc^t biet fti^Öncr' aU 
in (gsfimo?" 

4. „SBJte ijii^tn «Sie, §err Leutnant?" fragt ber @eneroI 
(inen Offtjter. tiefer antwortet: „grofc^."— „Sitte,'" 
wie?" — „^ä) tieifee %to\(S)," antwortet ber Offisier etwa« » 
lauter."— „3^ bebaure fe^r," ^rr Seutnant, ma8 ift ^\)X 
Hiame?"— „grof^," ruft jelät ber Offtiier. — „33eräeif)en 
<Sie, §err Ceutnont," fagt ber ©eneraf, „aber ii$ ^Öre im= 
mer" J^i^ofc^." 

5. ®8 tft auf" einem SSa^nl^ofe furj Oor ber SIbfalfrt be« "s 

u„i,„. ..Google 

22 GrfleS Eelebuc^ 

3ugea. 3)0 ruft plßijlii^ iemanb auf bem SBa^nftetge: 
„§err 9WeierI ^rr 5D?eier!" — ffiin §err im ^ufle niac^t 
\ä)ntü ein ^«nft^r auf unb ftcrft ben Äopf ^inouä, httommt 
über in' biefem Hugenblid eine Ofjrf'ge- Bi^^iS Übet' 
5 biefen Stußriff ruft ber ^err einen ©c^uljinann unb be* 
f(|tt)crt ftä). — „Reißen ©ie SDIeier?" fragt ber ©c^ufemann. 

— Jütin," erroibert ber §err, „iä) ^i^e äßüHer." — „9hm, " 
fagt ber ©t^u^raonn, „ba ge^t @ie biefe <Baä)t ja gar' 
nii^t* an."' 

24. Sfitic^tntfvtcx 

10 1. J)er SSolf Wirb' älter, aber nt(i&t beffer.' — 2. (S.f)U 
li^ ttJft&rt am längften.'— 3. ^t Ijö^er' ber Söerg, befto 
tiefer bo8 %al — 4. (Sin Sperling in ber §onb ift beffer 
aU * eine laube auf bem 3)o(^. — 5. (Sin ®c(«Im gibt 
me^r alS er ^ot. — 6. Seffer fpät aU gar uitfit.'— 7. ®ib 

IS ac^t ift meftr als SReue. — 8. ©eben ift fetiger al8 9tefimen. 

— 9. ©n toenig ju fpat ift biet ju fpät. — 10. Keffer bic= 
gen ofö brec^." 

«5. Sievtfdilaiib 

3)ort an ienei SEBanb befl ©ttiuläimmer« ^ängt eine Sonb' 

forte, 3)a8 ?anb auf iener ?anbfarte ^ifet ©eutft^tonb. 

2o 3)eutfc^Ianb liegt in ber aKitte guropoä. S« " grenjt im 

9Iorben an" bo« ÄÖnigreic^ I)änemar(," bie ^orb= unb 

bie Oftfee," im Often an fflufelonb unb JÖfterreii^, im ©Ü* 

l£r[leS Se|ebu(E| 23 

hm an öfterrete^ unb bte ©(^meij,» unb im heften an 
granfreic^, Selflicn unb §ottanb. 

3lorbbeutfc(ilanb ift ffac^ unb ntebrig, abet "MtteU unb 
©übbeutfc^Ionb ftnb gebirgig. Stuf ber ©cenje jtnifti&en 
2)eutfc^Ionb unb öfterreidi licflen bas SRiefengebirfle,' bo8 ,■; 
©rjgebirge' unb bet ©ö^merroalb.' 2ln baä (Srjgebirgc 
grenjt im SBeften ber Iptingerroalb,* unb an biefen grenjt 
öftlii^ bte SHl^ön unb nörbfti^ bet §arj. 3Der ©dunarj' 
toalb' liegt im ©tofefieräogtum Soben, unb bie ffiogefen 
liegen im ©Ifa^/ 3m ©üben beä fiönigsreicd^ 95atern i" 
beginnen bie Stlpen. 

Die 3nfel ©elgotanb* [iegt in ber ^(lorbfee, unb Slügen 
in ber Oftfee. ^^ift^f" ber 91orb= unb ber Oftfee ift bie 
§atbinfet 3ütlanb. J)et SR^ein, bie SBefer unb bie (gfbe 
münben in bie Siorbfee, bie Ober unb bie Süieic&fel in bie is 
Oftfee. 3)ie Xionau entfpringt im ©i^morsroalbe, aber 
nur i^r Obertauf befinbet fti^ in 35eutf(i|Ianb. 3)ie 9Kün= 
bung beS SR^inS ift autti nic^t in !Öeutfd^Ianb, fonbem in 
§oIIanb, unb feine 0,uelle befinbet fid) auf bem ©anft 
©ott^arb in ber ©(^njeij. 2)er ©anft ©ott^rb ift ein » 
SBerg in ber ©c^meij. 

öeriin, bie §Quptftabt !j)eutf(§tQnb8, liegt an ber iBprtt.^ 
3n SBerlin »ot)nt ber Äaifer. §amburg unb DreSben 
liegen an ber Slbe. SSremen liegt an ber SBkfer unb fi)bln 
am 3t^ein. ^rontfurt ift eine ©tabt am SWain, unb §ei= ^s 
belberg am 9iecfar. Txt SOIain fliegt in ben SRl^etn, er ift 

u„i,„. ..Google 

tin giefienflufe ' be8 Si^ine«. !Bte aWofel ift au^ ein tfle» 
benflufe be3 9?tieine«. 

36. eine «netbotc 

grife uni) SBil^elm flef)en jufommen in bie ©i^ule. 

„grilj," fagt SBilfielm, „ontoorte mir bitte auf eine grage! 

5 Sin S0iann gel&t in Hamburg über eine 93rÜ(fe. 3)ie SSrÜdte 

bri^t''unb ber^Sßann föüt' irtS ÜBaffer. gättt ber Mann 

nun in b i e SIbe, ober fällt er in b e r Slbe?" 

„£)a8 ift boc^' fe£)r einfach, SBiltjelm. 3)er 2«ann fäÖt 

natürlit^ in bie Slbe, benn ba8 SJorwort „in" regiert fiier 

» ben StfEufotiB. SBtr fragen ^ier: ffiol&in fant ber SRann?" 

„5Rein, grife," ruft 3Silf)erm, „biefer SWann faßt in b e r 


„©0? aBariim?" 

„ghm," lac^t SSill&elm, „e« ift ba tief (3)Qttü)." 
ij „J)er SCütfe ift nic^t fti^Iec^t, SBil^elm, imb mir neu." 

„9M(^t n)af)r? Slber tjöre, gril?, ic^ ^abe noc^ eine groge. 

S)er SUfann ge^t Jefet nac^ ÄieE, befteigt bort ein ©c^iff unb 

fa^rt* nad^ ©t, 'ipeterSburg. 'Sluf bem SBege ertjcht fi^ 

ein ©türm,' unb bae ©^iff get)t unter, gällt ber aüJann 

2o nun in b i c 9?orbfee ober in b e r 9!orbfee?" 

„2)08 ift mieber ein SKtlä, 2Bilf)eIm, aber biefeS 2«al 
fangft bu mic^ ntc^t. ©ie ©rammatif fagt freiließ: er fällt 
in b i e 9iorbfce, ober e8 ift ja ' aui^ ba tief, atfo ' fällt ber 
aWann in b e r 9lorbfee." 


gtfle« 2et«bu* 25 

„Siebet fotfi^," ruft SBtl^elm, „tter SKonn fällt tnebet 
in b i e Slotbfee, nod) in b e i Üiorbfee, fonbern in bie 

27. 9»vi^\o»vttv 
1. 9la(^' betn ©tutme ©onmnfd^n. — 2. goul^it ift 
bei ©c^füffel jur Strmut. — 3. Stuftet, blieb' bei' bei= 5 
nem Seiften. — 4. ?uft unb Siebe ju einem !Bing mar^t' 
oüe SWüli' unb arbeit flerinß. — 5. ißon einem ©treii^e 
föllt teine 6ie^. — 6. SKHt graflen' tommt man nai$ ifiom. 
— 7. au8 bem gunlcn wirb ein geuet. — 8. yiaä) ber 3Ir= 
lieit ift gut rufien. — 9. S«" faß* f"" äWeifter Oom §immel. ■<> 
— 10. Der äpfet fättt nic&t loeit Bora ©tamme. 

SS. «ic U^t 

3!)ie U^ an ber SSknb bee ®c^jimmerä ift eine SÜSanb« 
ui^r; bie lUft in unfrei« 2:af<^e ift ein Xaf(|enuf)r. ffiine 
SSBanbu^r befinbet fi(^ in einem Ut)rfaften, eine jEaf^enulir 
in einem @efiäiife, 3)er U^rtaften ift Bon ' ^olj, ba« ©e= « 
l^üufe aber Bon @olb, ©Über ober Stiefel. 3luf bem 3if= 
ferblotte (cner SSJonbu^r fe^en Wir einen SJKnutenäeiger unb 
einen ©tunben3eiger. Der SKtnutenjeiger äeißt bie 9)itnu=^ 
ten,' unb ber ©tunbenjetger geigt bie ©tunben. lofc^en» 
u^ren tiaben geroötmlic^ aud& einen ©eEunbcnjeiger. =o 

Sluf bem 3ifferblatte ftetien bie Biffeni ' iii einem Sreife. 
aHan lieft bte Ziffern Bon linF« nad^ rec^t«: einö, jtoet, brei, 


26 Grftea Sefebu^ 

Biet, fünf, fec^S, fteben, a»^t, neun, jel^n, elf, aioöff. S)tc 
3t»Ölf' ftefit oben unb bte ©ec^« unten. 3)te 3)rei fte^t 
rechts unb bte Vlmn linfä. ©ie ©ec^g ftef)t ber äfflötf 
flegenüber. ' ^e^t ftef)t ber ©tunbenjeifler jtDtfi^en je^n 

5 unb elf, unb ber iDMnutenjeiger auf fec^a. ©6 ift iefet Ijalb 
elf U^r." 

SSor faem Zifferblatt einer UifV ift ein U^rgtaS. I)a8 
UfirglaS fcöül^t haS U^rluerf Bor' ©taub. 3fn bem Ufir' 
luerf beftnbet fic^ eine ^^''^t- 3)ie geber treibt bas Wyc' 

10 loerf. ^tm SSJanbu^r tiot auc^ ein '^enbel. ©a« "ißenbel 
beluegt fii$ immer l)in unb ^er* unb tieft bei* iebem ?!en= 
belffiilQfle. "SHanäjt U^ren fd&Iagen au(ö bte ©tunben, ent= 
roeber auf eine geber Bon ©ta^I ober auf eine ©lorfe. SKit 
bem U^rfc^lüffel ^iefit mon bte Uift auf. Slufeer ben 

»5 SCüanbultren unb !Eafi^enuttren gibt es' auc^ lurmuliren, 
©tanbufiren unb 2BetIuf)rcn, ©anb^ unb ©onnenuftren. 
®ie ©anbuljren unb ©onnenu^ren ^aben aber fein Ulir= 
inert. SlUe Ul)ren jeigen bie 3fit- 

39. @iit ®t^pt<iät 

JtSie geftt eö bir,' grilä? — ©ante,' Äarl, BortrefRic^; 
»0 unb »te befinbeft bu bic^? ■*— S^ ^finbe midi auc^ fel)r 
iDol^I. SIber mantm lüufft " bu fo, Wir §aben ja noc^ ^eit 
genug? — 3Du irrff bic^, Äorl, eä ift gleich neun."— ©dion 
fo fpöt? @ef)t beine Ubr ri^tifl? Sluf meiner ift e« erft " 
icfya Sßinuten Bor neun.— !j)einc Uf)r ftct)t Wotil?"— 9ietn, 

Svfie« fielebuift 27 

fie ge^t, aber üieHetc^t gelif meine Ufir tiad^. — SBarum 
fteQft bu fie nit^t? - SEßie Biel Ufjr' ift eS iel^t?- ©8 ift 
ie^t öerabe btei 5DKnuten Bor neun. — 3(^ banfe btr,— 
®ef)' nur' etwaä ft^neßer, fonft fommen Wir ju fpät in bie 
©diule. §brft bu? Sa fc&Iögt bie lunnu^r f^on neun. 

30. ^pvlOttoätttx 

1. SImrat finbet ^ege unb ©tege.*— 2. Xte fünf 
©inne finb bie Süren beä SßerftanbeS. — 3. ©alj unb 93rot 
mac^t^ bie Sßangen tot. — 4. 3)ifteln tragen feine 2:rau= 
öen. — 5. SBiij^ fommt nic&t Dor 3a^ren.*— 6. 5Bie(e 
Äöpfe, öiele ©tnne. — 7. 93iele St6H)t üerberben ben Sret. i< 

— 8. S)ie 3eit ^eilt allt gBunben.-9. 3lEe glüffe' lau= 
fen in« 5Weer.— 10. S)en SBoget ertennt man an' feinen 

31. ItaS yttOfuttt 

Sefen ©ie biefe 3otiIeTi: 3-7-8-9-11-17 - 
23 -34-56 -85 -101 -202 -341 —462 -787 ,, 

— 893 - 1907 - 2501 - 3468 - 9876 - 12,673 - 
36,711 - 45,272 - 87,654 - 243,237 - 345,689 - 
1,436,587 - 6,453,123. 

3(Ü|l«i ©ie 3, 7 unb 5 jufammenl.S unb (ober pluß) 
7 ift 10, unb 5 nuM^t 15. ©ie ©umnie »on 3, 7 unb 5 * 
ift 15. 8efen©ie;6 + 7=13 + 8=21; 9 + 3 = 12+7 = 
19; 7+8 = 15 + 2 = 17. 

u„i,„. ..Google 

28 Qt^S Sefebiv^ 

3te^ @te 3 Don 10 06! 3 »on 10 Mnbt 7.~gW(m 
fagt auc^ 10 weniger (ober: minufl) 3 bleibt 7. Sefen 
®ie: 12-2 = 10; 15-12 = 3; 27-18 = 9; 87-17 = 
70; 478-333 = 145. 
5 aRultipUäieren @ie 7 mit 3! 3 mal' 7 ift 21. — Sefen 
®ie: 7x8 = 56; 8x8 = 64; 9x8 = 72; 10x12=120. 
SEBie Diel ift 12 X 9? 8x3? 

leiten ©te 21 burt^ 7! 7 in 21 ge^t 3 mal.-a»an 

fagt ouc^: 21 geteilt (ober binibtert) burd& 7 gcf)t 3 mal. 

10 8e[en'Sie:49-^7 = 7;56-^8=7;.81--9 = 9;99-Ml=9. 

2 in 1 ift ein fiolb (J) ; 3 in 1 ift da brittel (i) ; 4 in 1 
ift ein liiertet; 8 in 1 ift ein achtel, 6 ift bie §filfte Bon 12. 
i, h h flni> Srud^äotiten. 

32. ^a9 ^ttlft 

©in Qaifv ^at breiftunbert fünfunbfei^jig S:ofle*unb offe 
15 biet ^a\)xe ' einen lag me^r. 3^eber Sog fiat jluet 
Seile, ben Xa% unb bie ^lad^t. Um Sage* fd&eint bie 
©onne, unb in ber ^flac^t* fd&einen ber Wlonb unb bie 
©ternc. ©ie ©onne gcfit om SWorgen auf, unb am Stbenb 
ge^t fie unter.* 3)ie SDWtte be« läge« fieifet ber Sßittag. 
so !j)te 3e't jiDift^en bem äUorgen unb beut SRittag ^ifet ber 
Vormittag ; bie ^dt jwift!^ bem gWittog unb bem Slbenb 
Reifet ber gflot^mittog. Um« amölf Ufir in ber ?lad&t ift 
bie a)Ättema(^t. 3n ber 91a(^t ift e« bunfel, unb mir 

u„i,„. ..Google 

fd^lofen'; am läge tft e« ficH, unb ttnr Yoa^tn. S5tr ftc= 
^en am SHorgen auf imb gefien cm Stbenb ju 5Bett.' 

S)ae ^atyc i)at itveiunbfUnfjis SQoi^en, unb jebe lÜSoi^ 
^t fieben Sage, !j)ie fieben Sage ^ifeen; ©omitag,' 
SRontag, ©ienätag, SKttttoot^, ÜJonntrStag, S^reitag unb 5 
©amstag ober ©onnabenb. ©ec&« läge bcr SEßoi^e ar^ 
iKtten mir, aber ber ©onntag ift ein 9?u^tag. Sßtr ge^en 
an fttnf Xogen in bte ©e^ule; am ©amätag unb ©onntag 
Ijaben mir frei. 3n 3>utfctilQnb ge^t man an fe^« 3:agni 
in bie ©t^ufe, aber am SDKttwoc^ unb ©amStog 5^ac^mtt= w 
tag ift Eeine ©d^ule. 

5Wan teilt ba8 ^atfr md) in jlDÖlf aJlonate. I)iefe fiet' 
feen: 3fonuor,* gebruar, afiätj, Slpril, ÜJIoi, ^mi, 3uli, 
Sluguft, ©eptember, Oftober, 9IoWmbcr unb I)eäember. 
©inige* 9J!onate f)aben breifeig Sage, unb etliche* l)aben 15 
einunbbreifeig. 9tur ber SHonat gebruor ^at a(^tunb= 
jtDanjtg Sage unb in einem ©c^altja^re neununbjlDaniig. 

"Dai ^atfT ifat oier ^a^reSjetten.' lEiefe t)ei6en: ber 
grül^Ung,* ber ©ommer, ber §erbft unb ber SBinter. 
3ebe Qa^reSjeit bauert brei SRonate. 3)er grü^Iing be= » 
ginnt im SWärg, ber ©ommer im 3uni, ber §erbft im ©ep= 
tembcr unb ber SEßinter im iBejember. 3m ©ommer ge^t 
bie ©onne frü^ auf, unb fie ge^t [pat unter. J)ie läge 
finb im ©ommer länger al8 im SJintet. 3m ©ommer 
ift bai SGJetter ^t& unb im ÜBinter Ealt. 3m grü^ting =5 
unb ^rbft ift bo8 SBetfer am angenet)mften. 3" 3>utfi:^= 

u„i,„. ..Google 

30 Srfteä ettrtu* 

lonb tft e« im 5rüI)Img am [d&önpeti. 3m SKärg ift e» 
freiltt^ oft (e^r irnnbig, unb im äprit regnet efl biel, a&cr 
im 50Jai ift e« tu 3)eutft^Ianb fierrlic^. 35arum fingt 
5 8l«e« neu Saßt ba« §au8, 

SRiii^t ber SRoi, Äommt I)inau8, 

SRac&t bie ©eelc frif($ unb frei. SBinbet einen ©traufe! 

33. 'BpvU^tttUvtex 
l. ©t^ftetgen ift für' Biet Unglütf gut.— 2. I>uri$ 
©Graben Wirb mon (lug. — 3. 8tft gegen 8ift. — 4. (£r ge^t 
3 wrie bie Äalje um ben ©ret.— 5. ©org' für bic^, unb bann 
fUr mi^. — 6. §on« ofine gleife roirb nimmer nxif '. — 
7. ©te ftreiten um' ein &., unb laffen bie ^nne fliegen. — 
8. ©i^äfee niti^t ju fiod^ ba« @elb, 
@fl fiat nur SEßert für biefe SEBelt 
5 9. Stoiber be« lobe« Äraft 

$ilft» fein Ärüuterfaft 
10. (Sin ©c^reiber oI)nc g^^^f 
@in ©c^ufter o^ne Seber. 
(Sin gonbäfned^t* offne ©c^nwrt, 
> ©inb feinen ^tter" Wert. 

34. Hai $aitd 

3Bir befinben un« je^t in einem §flufc. ©iefes ^u8 

ift ein ©d^ut^ou«. 3n einem ©c^ul^aufe unterrtt^tet* 

u,ü.i,„» ..Google 

erftea Seiebu* 31 

mon bxt Ätnber.' @S ^at mehrere' Älaffenjiramer' unb 
geroö^nttdö nui^ einen ©d&utfaal. 3n Slmerifa fjaben bie 
©c^ulffäufer aui^ ©tubterfftle. Dtefe fiat man in !Ceutf^= 
lanl) feiten, benn in 3)eutf^tonb raa^n bie ©^üler i^re 
©cfiKlarbeiten faft immer ju §aufe. §inter einem ©ti^u^ 5 
i^aufe ift ein ©pielplolj für bie ffinber. 

yii^t oUe Käufer finb gleich f)0(§. SEßo^n^äufer fjaben 
feiten metjr al6 sitiei ©todmerte über bem ©rbfleft^ofe,* 
ober ©eft^üftö^äufer finb off Biel ffölier. aRani^e @e= 
ft^äftatiöufer in 9ieu 'Qoxt traben mtfyc al« ittonjig ©tod^ » 
hjerfe. ©old^c' ®ebäube* ^aben natürli^ immer einen 
ga^rftu^I. 3" einem SßJo^n^aufe berbinbet bie Xreppe bie 
©toctluerfe. 3m ÜBinter ift e8 in einem §aufe toitrmer 
al« auf bcr ©trafee, unb im ©ommer ift ee fü^Ier. VaS 
^üuS f^üfjt uns im SBinter gegen ^ bie Äälte unb im ©om= 15 
mer gegen bie §l^e. Sin ^auS fiat bter SRauem unb ein 
^aäf. 3n ben 5Wfluem finb lüren unb jjenftei^- 3)urc^ 
bie Suren gefien toir ein' unb an«; burd^ bie genfter bringt 
Sit^t unb 8uft in ba« §au8. 1)a& ©oc& fc^ül^t baS §au8 
gegen 91üffe. @e ift entTCeber fpife ober ftad^. 20 

Ein So^nfiau9 fjat »iele 5Röume, einen §au8flur im 
<ärbgcfc^o6, metirete ©tuben unb Kammern, ein S9abe= 
jimmer, eine Äüd^e, eine ©peifefammer neben ber Äü^e, 
einen ffietler unb einen Dberboben. 3)ie ^austür fütirt 
auf bie ©trafee, unb bie Hintertür nac^ bem ^of ober bem ^5 
©arten. SBoc bet §au6tür befinbet fic^ oft eine Freitreppe 

u„i,„. ..Google 

32 elftes Scfefm« 

unb an her ©elte tsex ^austttr eine fllingel. lücffop^r 

fiefit man iejjt nur fel)c feiten. SefaeS ^au9 ^at auc^ einen 

ober mel)rere ©c^omfteine. 

Set ben SBau' eine« §ou(eS finb immer Diele $(mbH)er= 

i fer tätig. JJer Sßaurer bout bie aKauem unb aBflnbe,» 

■ ber 3i""'iermann moe^t bie S9aHen unb 'ißfoften, bie Itt* 

ren, gcnffer unb gufeböben, ber ©c^lofeer öerfiel&t bie 

Oren mit ©c^löffem unb Slnfleln, ber lopejier topesiert 

bie Sänbe, ber WaUx malt, ber ^Dai^beder bedt bafl 5Dod& 

' mit 3iEfl*'^" ober ©i^ieferplotten, unb ber ©tafer feljt bie 

genftafc&eifien ein. %1XX ein §au8 i)at man öielerlei' 

SBaumateriol nötig, afö ©teine, ©anb, Sefim, ÄaH, ^olj, 

©fen, @Iae, ufm.* 

35. ftStt» itv ®d|ÜIer nteift* 

SBteDiel Sage fiat ein ^ntir? 
s aSieBiet ©d&u^e tjat ein 'ißnor? 

Siebtel Siertet ^at ein Spfunb? 
SBieOiel Seine ^at ein §unb? 

aSieBtet glügel ^at bie ®an8? 

SBieBiet $ttnbe ^at ber §an8? 

» SBieBiel ginger &at ba« Äinb? 

Sieöiel §Önier fiat ein SRtnb? 

aSofi bev @^flltr nii^ »ei§ 
Steöiel Söglein in ben güften, 
SEBteOiel Lämmer auf ben 3;riften, 

u,a.i..d ..Google 

iSJieBtel Slumen auf b«i ^el&ent, 
SBiebiel ©ttume in ixn ©älbem, 

SEBieOiel gift^Iein in her ©ce, 

SSieöiel glotfen in bem ©t^nee, 

SBteOiel »Stenie geben Sic^t,— 3 

5fa, bo« weife her ©c^üIer nii^t. 

96. 3)ie Zeile ber ^liuge 

gaft arte Singe fioben leile. ISin ©tu^t befielt au8' 
bem ©tlä, ber 8e^ne unb ben Dier Seinen. — Sin afieffer 
fjat einen @riff unb eine SJltnge. ©et @riff ift au8 ^otj,* 
$ont ober 9Ketatt. Xiie Älinge ift öou ©ta^l unb ^ot 10 
eine ©ti^neibe, eine ©piße unb einen Müden. S)er SRüden 
ift fturapf unb bie ©Äineibe ift ft^arf. 3)ic Ättnge ift ent= 
iDeber bemegtit^, ober fie ift an bem ©riffe feft. Sei' ei= 
nem lifi^meffer ift bie Älinge feft, bei einem lafi^nmeffer 
beli3egli(§. ©n aReffec bient jum ©c^neiben.* 15 

Ein SQuä) beftefit auö bem (äinbanb unb ben SBIttttern. 
3ebe8 Slatt ^ot iWei ©eiten, unb auf jebet ©eite fte()t 
oben ced&tö ober linU eine 9Iummer. ©iefe Shimmeru er^ 
leichtem ba8 9ta^fu($en. 3>r ©inbanb einefl Suc^S be^ 
fte^t au8 bem Süden unb jirei Dedeln. S>ie ©edel finb «> 
au8 ?Jappe, unb ber JRüden ift aus Seinmanb ober Sebec. 
auf einem SSlatte Born im Suc^e lefen »ir ben litel beS 
SBui^ö unb ben 9iamen beä Sßerfaffer« unb be8 Seriegcc«. 

u„i,„. ..Google 

34 ffirfttg Sefebucfi 

!5)iefe« matt ijti^t faaS Ittelbtatt. Oft ftef)t ber Zittl 
au^ auf bcm dürfen. 

Sin Söaum fjat eine SBurjel, einen ©tamm unb eine 
fltone. S>ie ffiutjel befinbet fic^ in ber @rbe, ber ©tamm 

5 unb bte Ärone be8 Soume« finb Über ber (grbe. 3>r 
©tomm befielt au« ber SKnbe ober ber SSotfe, bem ^olj 
unb bem äJIarf. SBir fef)en nur bie Sorfe, unter ber 
Sorte ift baS §Dli, unb in ber 3)Wtte be« ©tammeS be» 
finbet fi(^ ba8 aJiarf. S)ie S8orfe ber Säume Ift öerfc^ie» 

lo ben. Tiie SBorfe einer läti^e ift rnu^, bie SBorfe eine« 
Äirfc&banmeS ift fltatt. — an ber Saumfrone unterft^iben 
mir bie äifte unb B^^^Se, bie Änofpen, Stfttter, SBIiiten unb 
grücfite. ein äft ift größer aU ein 3rofi9- ®i"f finofpe 
roirb entlneber ein äweig ober eine S9Iüte. ©ine SBtüte 

■5 roirb eine grue^t. SlStter, SBtüten unb grüc&te ^aben 
einen ©tengel. ©ne SÖHlte befielt cm« bem Äeld^, ber 
Sötumenfrone, ben ©taubfäben unb bem ©riffel. ©ntge 
grüc^te, Wie ber Slpfet unb bie SBime ^aben Seme, anbere 
^aben einen ©tein. Äirfd&en unb ^ftoumen ^aben in ber 

30 äThtte einen ©tein. 

37. 9tätfel' 

1. 3m Senj' erquicf' ic& bid^, 

3m ©ommer tü^V ic^ btc^, 

3m ©erbft ernähr' i^ bid^, 

3iit SBinter Wärm' lä) bx6j. 

u„i..=^ ..Google 

2. (Srft toeig loie <S4itat, 
3)ann grün itiU Mk, 
Dann tot loie ffllut, 
©t^dt ßinbern gut 

3. i5ünf ginger unb boc& leine $anb, 5 
(Sin ©^u^, boc^ o^ne ®D^Ie; 

SBalb teeig tete eine äSonb, 
:8alb fd^lDarj nie eine Staifjüt. 

4. ^ä) ffoht Sugen' imb fe^ niii^t, 

^ä) ^o6e Oljtm' unb l^öre m(^t, » 

^(^ l^abe Slrme unb btaut^ feine, 

3^ ge^e ni($t unb ^abe 93eine. 

3^ effe' ni^t unb trinfc tddjt, 

3(| rie(^ nü^t unb fO^ nii^t, 

StOein* ic^ glei^* btr aufd $aar/ 13 

3!)o<^ nur baS Sluge nimmt mid^ tea^. 

88. 3)te Sinnet cIkc« «oafeS 

Unfer SBo^n^ond ^at ac^t ^^^^i^- *^ (Srnpfongd^ 
jimmer, ein iS^jimmer, bte Sffiol^ftube, bte Stüä)t, ba« 
SBabejimmcc unb brei Äommern ober ©t^laftimmer. 

Om (£mpfonB«jimmer empfangen wir iBe(u(^e.* 3)ie » 
SIZöbel in biefem 3tntnier ftnb fc^Öner al9 in ber iQ}o^nftidK. 
Unf« empfttng«ilmmer ent^t ein Älooier, ein ^lüf^* 
[ofa, mehrere ^olfterftU^ unb Sel^nfeffel unb einen %i\äf, 

u„i,„. ..Google 

g6 SrftcS £ttebu4 

aae a}!0bel flnb au« SDial^agimi. 3(uf betn ^uPoben 
liegen Xtp^i^ unb an ben ÜEßttnben finb Xopeten unb 
ölgcmalbe' mit ©olbra^mett. Sor ben genftem Rängen 
$OT^iinge unb auf bent AantinftmS fte^en Safen' unb 

5 Slippfac^n. 

I)a3 S^jimmer enttjält einen ©fetifd^, mehrere ©tütile, 
ein SBüffet unb einen ®la«ft!^ran(. 3m (Söjiramer wr= 
fammelt \i<S) bie gomitte breimal ben lag,' jum 5rü^» 
ftüd,* SDHttageffcn unb jum Sbenbeffcn. Sn einer 

w> ©eite be8 (S6tt((^e8 [igt mein SBoter, ifim gegenüber fil^t 
nteiue SFhitter. über ben Xtfc^ breitet unfre Sßagb eine 
lift^bede, unb auf biefe (teßt fle letter, ©(Rüffeln, Oläfer, 
loffen, ufhj. Sieben {eben 2:ener legt fie eine ©erbtette, 
ein aWeffer, eine @abel unb einen Söffet. 

15 *ßo(^ bcm Sbenbeffen ge^en toir immer in unfere SBo^n* 
ftube. SMe Sinrid^tung biefe« 3tnimer8 ift einfach, ober 
fe^r bequem. Steine Slhttter fi^t im ©^aufelftu^I unb 
arbeitet on einer §onbarbeit, mein 93ater lieft feine 3^= 
tung, unb nrir mac^n unfre ©cfiularbeiten. 9la<$ a<^t 

10 U^ arbeiten toir ni^t metfr, bann fpielen toir mit unfren 
ffiltera SDame, 2)omino, gotto, ober fonft ttsoa».^ 3d^ 
lerne ieiät aui) bog ©c^a^fpiel bon meinem Sßater. Qm 
©ommer ge^en imr nod^ bem ^benbeffen getoöfintif^ in 
ben ©orten; fett einigen SBod^ jtlnben* mir aber gleid^ 

35 nac^ bem (Sffen' bie Sampe an. 

SWein ©i^lafjimmer ift fe^r einfoi^. ®e entl(iält ein 

u„i,„. ..Google 

33ett, einen ffletberfc^rcmf, einen SBafd^tif^, eine Äom> 
mobc unb einige ©tUl^le. 3)a8 Sett befte^t au8 her äBett 
ftcDt, ber SRotralje, ifflet ?eintüi^m, einem ftopfKffen 
unb einer SEBoIIbecfe. Unter einer ^eberbecfe fc^tafe i<j^ 
nid&t gem.' Suf bem aßofd^tifi^ fte^t ein ©afc^becfen 5 
nebft einem SBafferfrug. 3tufeerbem' finben ftd^* bort 
ÄÄmme, ®eife, eine ^a^büxftt unb ^anbtüäjtx. 3Reine 
Äleiber jungen* im ©i^ante, unb in ber Äommobe be* 
too^e m| meine 9Bttfd&e auf. Über ber Äommobe tft ein 
©piegeL w 

3n ber Äüt^ [e^en totr einen $erb. auf biefen petlt 
man beim fitxi^'' bie 'Pfannen unb löpfe. 3lufeer bem 
^rb erbltcteu «lir einen fiüt^fi^ranf, einen lifc^ unb 
einige ©tü^e. Stefaen ber fiüc^ beftnbet fit^ bie ©peife- 
lammer. 3)er ff euer bient jur SlnfbeUM^runfl" ber Stoi)lm « 
unb be8 Srenn^oIjeS. £)fen ^aben loir in unfrem $aufe 
nii^t. Unfer .^auS i)at S>am;)^ijung. 

39. mm etakt 

©ne ©tobt ift groß, ^at niele §äufer unb jQ^lreic&e 
(ginmo^ner. @« gibt Oerfc^iebene ©titbte. SBerlin ift bie 
^auptftobt be« beut((^n^ 9ietd^e«. ©ie ^ouptftabt eine« » 
fletnen ©taate« l^etfet au(§ SKeftbenäftabt. ©trapurg ift 
eine geftung, benn e8 ^at feftc HKauem unb SBatle. ^m= 
bürg unb SSremen finb ^fen= ober ©eeftttbte, unb (gffen 
ift eine ^abrifftabt. 


38 etfte« 2eft6uc^ 

Xrte .Raufet einer ©tobt fte^n eng an etnonbtr' imti 
bllben ©trogen, ©offen unb ^W^- ©roße ©tiüite ^bm 
aaä) l^romenaben unb ^arfe. iStne ®tta§e tieftest av» 
bem t^o^mKg unb ben beiben' iSArgerfteigen ju betben ©ei« 

5 ten* be« ga^rtueß«. 3n großen ©tfibten finb bte ©e* 
fc^äfteftraßen immer fe^r belebt. 3>a fie^t mau* ben gan* 
gen Jag* unb &i« fpät in bie DitK^t hinein' laufenbe öon 
Wlen\t!Sjea auf ben SBürgerftctgen. 3ni iSrbflefd^ofe ber ©e» 
ff^ftfi^aufer finb Tc^Sne ^auflitben mit großen ©c^fen« 

10 ftem. 3n ben Säben tft petö ein grofee« ©ebränge/ Suf 

beut ^i^ffi^ffl^ U^ ^^ ^ufyttoak Jeglit^ %rV ÜJa 

finb 3)rof(i^Ien, Safthjagen, SWotonoagen, (Squipagen,* ga^r- 

räber unb ®tragenba^nn>agen. 

üDie ©ebftube einer ©tobt gel^rcn entn>eber einjelnen 

u SBürgem, ober ber gongen ©emeinbe. 3)te erfteren finb ^ri= 
uatlittufer, bie legieren Iietgen öffentlich ©ebäube. Cffent« 
Ii(^ ©ebltube finb: bo« Stotl^u«, ba« ^oftomt, bie ^ir^, 
©t^ulen, Söo^npfe, SKufeen,'* Äofemen, bie Äron(en= unb 
SJoifen^aufer, ufm. 

M J)a8 SKottiau» einer ©tobt fte^t gemii^lii^ am a«arft= 
plo^. <&i ift gtog unb E»at oft einen Surm. @e enthalt 
»iele fleine ^itnnwr ^^ ^nen großen ©ool. 3!)te Keinen 
3immer finb bie SlrbeiWgimmer ber SSeamten," in bem 
©aate finben bie ^erfomnüungen bes tDtagiftrated ftatt 

»5 S)er SUrgermeifter fUl(|rt in fotd^en i&erfamntluneen txn 

u„i,„. ..Google 

erfteS Ze\tbuä) 39 

CHite Äir^ erfetmt man' leitet mt beut ^oi^en 3:urm. 
Huf her ©pi^ be« Äin^tumts ift jumeilen eine Saäettet- 
fa^me ober ein Äteuj. 3" bem Xurmt flnb bie ©totfen 
unb oft 0U($ eine U^. ^a« lange ©ebttube einer Stiv6)t 
i&cifet bo« ©d^iff. an bcm e l n e tt' <£nbe be« ©^iffe« ift 
bei ältar, an bem onberen ble Otßel nebft bem S^or. 
Sieben bem SKtar befinbet \iä} bie fionjel. SHe Senfter 
einer ^iri^ finb grog unb ^aben bunte ©(Reiben, ^n ber 
Äir^ berfammelt flc^ bie ©enteinbe jum @otte«bienft.* 
S>ie Seute* fingen unb beten, unb ber ^rebiger prebigt i 

Unter ben Warfen einet ©taht ift ber Xiergorten gewölm" 
li^ ber beliebtefte.* 3)er joologifc^ ©arten in §omburg 
ift einer ber bebeutenbften ber ilöeU. §ier finben mir bie 
toUben unb galanten 2:iere aOer SiMtteile: Sönxn/ öliger, 
(Siefanten, Äamele, Sären,' ©iraffen, ?eoporbcn, Ärofo« i 
Wie, ufO). an f(5önen ©ommertagen tft e« im ^ac(e 
immer fe^t belebt. laufenbe bon anenf(^en gel)en in ben 
f^attigen anlagen fpojieren* unb lauften ben fltitngen 
einer 3)hifirfa)KlIe. 

Sei etntretenber I)unfel^it' günbet man auf otten ©tra» a 
feen unb ©offen bie Satemen an. ffiinige ©tftbte (»oben 
@a8beleu($tung, anbere ^aben eleftrifc^ iSeleut^tung. @ine 
gute SSeleucbtung ift jur ©ic^erfiett ber Sürger nothjenbig. 
©elbftcebenb ''* i^ot man in aQen ©tobten auc^ eine ^oltjei 
unb eine geuerwe^r. « 

4£ine ®tabt liegt oft an einem f^Iug. über ben ^ug 

u„i,„. ..Google 

40 Stftee ae|c&ii4 

fOldcen Srüdett nfli^ ben SotftObtm ober in Salb imb gelb. 
(Simse t^Ittffe finb für groge ^ampffd^ffe, anbete nur fUr 
Heinere galirjeuge ft^iffbar.' 3n ber ntti^ften' Umfle&imfl 
einer ©tobt fte^t man grofee JJobriten unb in ber {Jeme 
s J)örfer unb anbere ©tftbte. Den :©erfe^ mit anberen 
©Utbten Vermitteln bie (Sifenlia^nen. 

40. 3Rri4'8 ebetif»' 

SHe ©onne blirft mit gellem ®d^n 
©0 freunMic^ tn bie SJJelt hinein/ 
„Waäf'i ebenfo! ©ei fetter unb fro^!" 

10 2)er Saum ftrerft feine Sfte ttor, 
3iir $öf)e [trebt er (ü^n empor. 
„3Hoc^'8 toie ber SSaum Im fottnigen SRaum!" 

XHe'Ouelle fpringt unb riefelt fort, 
3ie§t rofc^ unb leicfit Oon Ort ju Ort.' 
»s „2Wa(^'8 «ie ber Oueü,* unb rege bi(^ ((^neßf 

Titt Sogel fingt fein «tebi^en l&cn, 
greut fii^ an ©onnc, Soum unb Oueff. 
„2Ra(^'8 ebenfo! @ei rüftig unb fro^!" 

\ , 41. %nt^ aSalb nnk 9elb 

an ber ?ltt^ einer beutfc^en ®tabt befinbet fi($ oft ein 
90 ft^öner SBatb. S)ortI|in mai^tn bie SBürget ber ©tobt im 
grü^Iing unb ©ommer äuaflüge. 3)er ffiefl ift nit^t toeit 

u„i,„. ..Google 

St^ Scfebuc^ 41 

unb fü^rt rni S3auenil|ö^ borbei burr^ grüne SBiefen unb 
Hüi^nb«' gelb«. 

iStn beutft^ Sauern^a tft für jeben ©tttbter' ein (ei^ 
mteceffanttr älnblicf. <S« ift getottJ^nlic!^ ein einftSdige« $aue 
au« goc^iDerf mit fiofftm, [i)il}em ©tro^bac^. 3)te ©täUe 5 
für ba« SSie^ fte^n enöueber mit bem aSäotjn^ou« in Skr= 
btnbunfl,' ober fie fuib in befonberen O^cbäuben. ^er fin= 
ben mir bie monnigfoltigften $ou«tiere; ^ferbe, Oc^fcn, 
Äü^, Äälbec, @^afe, ätegen, ®^h>eine, (gnten, ^tt^ner 
unb ®änfe. SMt ^uter finb in 3)cutf(^t(mb fe^ feiten. » 
SXe Söienen [(^mttrmen um bie Sätenenförbe im ®arten, 
unb auf bem Dat^ flappert ber ©torifi. 

Stuf* SSiefen unb gelbem arbeiten mätirenb^ ber Socken- 
toge Oiele ftet^ifle* aWcnfd^en. %m Snfaufl' be« gi^WinB* 
pflügen bie dauern' i^re treibet unb fäen baS betreibe. 15 
Untetbeffen merben bie SS^efen grün unb bebeden flt^ mit 
einem bunten leppld^ Bon ©änfeblümi^, SSutterblumen 
unb ißergi^meinnit^ten. 3'ni 3uni beginnt bie ^uemte. 
®onn finben h>ir ben 95ouern mit feinen fined^ten unb 
äRttgben fi^on bei XageSonbrud^* auf ber fSiefe. einige »> 
mö^n baä ®ra« mit ber ©enfe ober ber 2liäl^maf(^ine, an= 
bere breiten es aus ober toenben eS, bamtt e£ tn ber ttei&en 
©onne trodnet."' üDann laben fie ba« ^u auf Sffiagen unb 
fo^ren e8 nad^ ber ©c^une. ^njwift^n reift auc^ baS ®e= 
treibe, erft bie ®erfte unb ber iRoggcn, bann ber SBeijen unb «s 
ber $afer. Wlan mätit e« unb binbet es in @arbeu. SESenn 

u„i,„. ..Google 

42 ®tflt£ Üt^buät • 

tw« ©etwibe trocfm Ift,* ^l^ man * e« awS) ein. I)en Iel3= 
ten SBogen [t^mürfen bit ©(Rittet unb ©c^nirterinnm mtt 
Ärttnjen ou9 äl^rm unb filaiten ÄomMumm, «nJ> unter 
^terem ©efang* jiefien fte abenbS* in« 3)orf ein. 

5 3m aSklt» fte^ bie Sttume bitter ale im ©orten. 
^uä} finb es feine Obftbttume, fonbem SBoIbbaume, al8 
I5i(i^, öiu^, Sirfen, lornien u. bgl.' Iiie 3W"fl^ ber 
Jöfiume berft^Iingen fii$ ju einem grünen Üaubbai^. @e 
ift borum bimtel im SSatbe utü) felbft* an ^gen Ziagen 

w fUl^E. Unter ben J6ttumen Ivati^fen 99rombeerbttfd^ mtb $a> 
fel^itui^, aud^ @ted(ipalmen ' mib an feud^ten ©teOen ^ofjt 
gamfräuter. ©ne bid^te ©^i[^t Bon Säiattern, 9labeln 
mib UKtc^m Ttooi bebedt ben üQklbboben; barauS* fprie< 
6en bie (lerriiti^ften SBalbblumen: buftenbe Sieil(^ unb 

«5 Sßoifllödti^, Snemonen unb getbe §immelft^tüffel. 

%u^ an Xieren ^It eS im SSalbe nic^t. lEßuntere @c^< 
^&miS)m Rupfen hon aft ju Slft,' bunte ©c^metterlinfle ftat* 
tem in ben Sichtungen bon ©lume ju Slume,* grofee Ääfer 
laufen auf bem UKic^ üSalbboben, aaii) @ibei^fen unb ^Ö= 

•D ten unb ^ormlofe '* ©ditangen. ©iftiße ©d^longen finb in 
S)eutf(§ta!ib [e^r fetten. 3n ben S^St^ f™9"i Smfeln, 
?la(5tigallen unb J)roffetn, bie loube girrt, ber ©pei^t 
po($t on bie SSoumftiimme, unb avS ber %tmt ((^altt ber 
91uf be« ShOuti. 3Bi)Ife, Sflren unb Suc^fe gibt e« in 

15 beutfd^ SBflIbem nic^t me^r, aber $trfc!^, 9te^ unb gOc^fe 
fuhren im SSalbe noc^ ein luftiges Seben. 

u,ü.i..d ..Google 

(Elftes Zt^ivät 43 

42. ane »atftlfragn' 

1. SSo^ gt^t man, nenn man gmülf So^re alt ift? 

2. SSJarum treffen bie toeifeen ©(|afi me^ aI8 bte fi^n)ar= 

3. Söa« fU^t ein Äiintfl fetten unb ein Sauer alle SToße ? ' 

4. SBel^e gifi^ fyibcn bie Singen am nftd&ften iufam= , 

5. ÜBtli^er Sojel ftelit bem Stordj om ä^nlu^ftenf ' 

6. SSk9 ftidt iroifr^n Strs unb Sol? 

7. »0« ift ba« aefte' an einem *alb8topfe? 

8. SBie weit fle^t ber ^irfi^ in ben SBalb hinein? k 

9. SQeI(^d Sii^t brennt länger, ein ^ad^äli($t ober ein 

10. SBo Jäten bie Stäbte feine Käufer? 

11. aßann tun bem §afen bie 3ä&ne wej?' 

12. SBamm tragen bie SKilBer lueiSe äl!ü(ä™? •! 

13. SBoä maijen bie jnjblf tfioftel im Fimmel?' 

14. S5äo fimeiJt ber »in am beften? 

15. ^üas gejt über' einen gefnnben Äörper? 

16. SBa« ift fcjlimmer al8 ein bsfer SBnbe? 

17. SBamm Unft ber ©afe über ben Serj? » 

18. S5!a« für $aare ^at be« Sänig« <Pferb? 

19. äBer tann fjölier fprtngen aH ein Äirt^tnrm? 

20. 3Beli^« SBort mirb Heiner, menn man noi^ eine 
Silbe baju feljt? 

21. SBeli^e« Stier frifit mit Sbffeln? n 


44 Srm Stfcbucft 

22. SBie tief ift bas SKtet? 

23. fflJelf^ ^ferbe ftnl) rofenforben? 

24. ffijarum ftolt her guti^ bie ^üfyatt? 

25. SÖQ« ^t feinen Äötper unb ift boc^ fid^tbar? 

s 26. ISiner SRutter £inb, eineS ^aitt» ftinb, unb bod^ 
felneä ajienfd&tn ©o^n; nio8 ift ba«? 

27. 3f>ei SJftter unb itoä ©ö^e fangen brei ^afen, unb 
teilen fie fo, bofe jeber rinen beEommt; Mrie ift bafi mbßlic^? 

28. üEßann befinbet fid^ ein (ebenber a)ienf<i^ o^ne fiopf im 

43. SßoUeii »IIb eoKen' 

3[^ »iQ!» ÜW« aSort ift mttd^tifl; 
3c^ foHt* 5Do« JßJort totegt fii^nw:. 
!Ea8 eine fpriri^t ber Diener, 
:j)a8 onbre fprid^t ber $err. 
15 ?q6 beibe eins bir toerben 

3m ^erjen o^ne ©roll; 
<S8 gibt fein ®lüd auf grben* 
3118 woQen, wae man foU. 

44. Stnbcntcn Mnetbatcn 

1. ©n ^rofeffor" fragt einen ©tubcnten: „ffönnen' ©ie 

«> mir fagen, »etc^« ®efcölcc(it baä SSJoct (£i tjat?"— „35aa 

(ann man gar nic^t wiffen,' ^ct ^rofeffot," antttiflrtet ber 

©tubetit.— „©0? SEBarum foim man ba8 benn nit^t mtf» 

u„i,„. ..Google 

tSiTtcd fiefebu« 45 

fm?* fraßt ber ^ofeffor ternnmhert.— „9hm," faßt ber 
®tubeiit, „Ut $enne mug ^ t9 boc^ erft ausbrüten." 

2. „^cr 1Hafi)tm&d)Ut," fragt ein ©tubcnt ben 3?icner 
bca ©efefee«, „barf i(^* ben 9la(i&tiDttc^ter einen (Sfet nennen?" 
— „®e^n ®ie nac^ ©aufe,' @ie frec^ äHenfc^, ober i^ 5 
inerbe* ®te etnftecCen," ruft ber 9laci^tn)äc^ter jomig.— 3)er 
©tubent ge^t fort, fe^rt aber nai^ einigen ©(^ritten mieber 
um unb fragt: ,^rr ^lat^trottc^ter, barf id^ einen ffifel aut^ 
nic^t ytaä}ttßä^tiK nennen?" — „3)a8 bürfen ©ie meinet* 
Wegen' tun," anÖDortet ber Slac^troäc^ter. — „9iim, bann w 
gute 9Iai§t, ^rr 9Jadfitn)tt($ter," ruft ber ©tubent. 

3. ^nige ^etbelbeiger' ©tubenten Fommen noi$ fpttt in 
ber 9lo(|t BOT ein SEirtäljau« imb Hopfen fo lange ' an bte 
$au3tür, bis ber Sirt auffielt unb an« bem genfter fi^aut. 
Raffen ©te mit^ in SRnl&e!" (d&reit ber JBMrt iDütenb. ,SBa« »s 
MoUeH ©ie ^ier fo fpitt in ber 9Iad^t? ©te WoKen' SBilbung 
^aben?" — „9Iein," rufen bie ©tubenten, „Äaffee." 

4. iSln ^rofeffor fragt einen ©tubenten in ber Prüfung : 
„ÜEßie »tele unfein liegen im SltlQntifd&en' Ojean, unb mie 
^feen fie?" — „3m 3ltlanti((i&en Ojean," antmortet ber » 
©tubent, „liegen fe^r Diele 3nfeln, unb ic^ ^eifee SReier." 

5. Öin ©tnbent fißt in einem Süirtaffaufe mit mehreren 
älteren ^rren am lififte, luib prallt mit'* feinen mannig= 
faltigen fienntniffen." Snbli(^ roirb eS einem ber Ferren 
ju wiel. „SSSir miffcn nun alle«, ma« " ©ie (önnen," ruft er, as 
„je^t fagen ©ie un« au^ einmal/' Wa« ©ie ni($t fönnen, 

uwi..=^ ..Google 

46 ISrfhe Selebiu^ 

imb iä) fte^e 3finen trafür,' ba« (onn i($."— „34i 'o"« 
meine 3«^ ntf^t' bejal^Ira," foflt ber 6tubent, ,unb e8 
freut mt(^ ju fiören, bafe ©ie e8* (önnen." Unter* bem 
fc^altenben ©elä^ter ber Ännsefenben mufe ber ^rr bie 
s 3«^ bejtt^Ien. 

g 45. 9i4teK&A«>i> »Kb VbIw 
@n iJici^tenEiaum ^^t einfam 
3m 9lorben auf ta^er $5^', 
3^n ft^Iäfert'; mit ttwifeer 3)erfe 
Umfüllen i^ CS« unb ©i^nee. 

lo (Sx träumt Son einer Sßalme, 

Site* fern im SKorgenlanb 
©infam unb fc^meiflenb trauert 
Stuf 6rennenber Sclfenroanb. 

4«. Orilfte »nb SlSittofftif^e 

©Uten HKoraen!— @uten tagl'— 3d^ reünfc^ 3^nen 
"s einen guten SWorflen! — ®uten Stbenb, gi^utein iSd&mibt. 
— 3i$ l^fee ©ie ^rjli^ ttiilKommenl — ©eien ©ie un8' 

®ute Sflaäft, $err ©i^ibt! — 2ngenel^me 9iu^'! — 
©c^Iofen @ie n>of)t! — 
» Mbieu! — auf SBieberfe^! — fiommen ©tc balb wie» 

u„i,„. ..Google 

erfte« &efebu4 47 

®uttn Appetit!— Soffen Sie e« ft^ gut fi^mectenl — 

(ge freut tnic^ fe^, 3^re ^lonBtfd^aft gu ma(^I — (&9 
freut mi($, ®le fennen ju Urnen I' 

Mnflene^e geiettofle! — 3(i& münff^ 3^nen efai öer« 5 
ßnüflte« gefti 

gtft^Ui^ SBei^noi^tenl» — Profit gieufal^I*— Siel 
01ütf gutn neuen 3Q^cet — J>ie>rjft(§ften @lürfiDünfd&e 
3um neuen 3a^ct — !l)ie beften SGßtlnfi^e jum ^afynSaxä)'^ 
feil— 3(^ grotuKere' 3(|nen jum ©eburtstaflel w 

47. SCtMlfeptcH 

1. „Süc^, $err Doftor," fagt eine grau ju ttirem ^au** 
otjt,* „toenn t(^ ben ffopf fc^üttte/ ^abe ic^ immer fürtet- 
6ore8 Äopfwel^." *— „aber ttwnim fd^ütteln ©ie benn ben 
Äopf?" fragt her S)o(tot.— „Shm," erwibert bie grau, ,n>ie 
fott i^ benn loiffen, ob i^ Äopfroe^ ^?" 1; 

2. Ein 2)eutf(^, • rin Unflat '* unb ein Staltenet ftreiten 
Ubec bie S^orjUge i^rer SJ'hittetfptat^; febec gibt feiner 
@pra(^ natürlich ben SSotjug. (Snblid^ ruft ber !X)eutf(l^: 
„^e beutfi^ ®prac^ ift bieOeic^t nid^t bie fc^Önfte, aber fie 
ift 0^ 3>i>e>ftt bie rii^ttgfte. @ie, Ungar, Wie nennen ©ie « 
ben 3n^t biefea ©lafeä?"- „9S i j."— ,Unb ©ie, 3talie= 
ner?"- „31 c q u a."— ,@ut, ba8 entfii^ibet ja ben ©treit. 
SQir nennen ben 3n^alt biefed @{afee „Saffer," unb inii 
nennen i^n nic^t blo9 Sßaffer, er ift aud^ Saffer." 


48 SrftcS Sefebu^ 

3. Stn läge einer ©imnenftnftemi« ' filjeti mel^rere S9au= 
em jufammen im 93Siitöf|aufe unb intterfialten f!c^ über bte 
überrafc^ben' Srfolge ber ©temfimbe. ©ie finb et= 
ftaunt,' bafe bie 3lftronomen ben log einet ©onnenfin^er* 

s ni8 fo beftimmt »orauafoflen (Önnen. — ,(äi," ruft ein alter 
Sauer, „bafe bte ©terufluder »iffen, »ie hwlt bie ©tcme 
ent^mt finb, tote grog fie finb, unb nie fie laufen, bas tonn 
man ja noc^ tterfte^n, aber mte nibgen fle nur' ifire 9latnen 

10 4. Sin nafeweifer SRonn nrftt fic^ mit einem berühmten 
?Irjt einen ©d&ers erlauben, „©inb ©te §err 3)oftor TtiÜ' 
ler?" fragt er ben Srjt. — „^u bienen,"* ift bie SfntlDort. 
— ,3)a8 freut miä) ju ^ören; ba* ©ie fo biel Kiffen, met« 
ben @ie mir o^ne ^W«^! «ine Srage beantworten' tlinnen." 

ij — „5BteUeic^t faun id) e8; »elc^ Stagc foH ic^ 3^nen be= 
antworten?" — „9hin, ^rt iJottor, ©ie fe^, bafe mein 
©i^urrbart fc^on gonj grau ift, Hift^tenb ' mein Sopfftaar 
no(| ft^warj ift, rootjet mag bo« fommen?"'— D^ne \id) ju 
befinnen" etwibert ber Mrjt: „3)er ®runb ift fe'^r einfad^, 

3o mein ^rr," ©ie gebrauch eben S'&ten 9Bunb Diel mefic 
al« 3(|ren Äopf." 

5. 3mmanuel filant, ber berühmte iJöntgSberger" '!ß^= 
lofop^, fpeift eine« lageö" in einem SlBirtef)au8 an Bffent= 
lid^ Xa^I"; ein junger @be(mann, ber überaß fe'^t an= 

15 mafeenb auftritt," filjt itjm gegenüber. 3)ie ©peifen fte^n 
auf bem Xifdd, unb unter biefcn oU(^ eine, bie befonber« ben 

u„i,„. ..Google 

gifte« fitfebui^ 49 

fippeüt bei ®&\tc retjt. !Der {imge Sbefmantt fc^nt aber 
ju glouben, bofe auf eine folc^ ^ Delifateffe nur fetn ©aumen 
einen Snfpruc^* t)üt; et ergreift bie ^fcfferbüc^fe, ftreut 
beren 3nf|olt* über bie ©peife unb fagt trodcn: „^i^ effe 
biefe ©petfe gern mit Pfeffer." SOe ®afte finb über biefe j 
anmafeung empört. Äont aber ergreift mit tooHfomnienfter 
3htl^ feine ©(^nii|)ftabatebofe, ftreut auc^ beren ^n^alt 
übet bie ©peife, unb fagt ebenfo troden: „Unb iti^ effe fi« 
gern mit ©d^nupftabaf." 

48. SieKtf^Iaiib, «Stentfc^fanft aber «Oe« 
3>utfc^Ianb, iCeutf^Ionb Übet aQe«, m 

Über aOe« in ber SEüelt, 
SBenn c« ftet« ju ©d&ulj unb Irulje* 
SSrübertidö jufammenl&ält, 
SBon ber SWaa« bis au bte 3KemeI 
SJon ber (Stfc^ bi« au" beu SBelt.* 15 

3)eutf($lanb, S)eutf(^Ianb über ariefl, 
Über aOe« in ber SESJett! 

X)eutfc^ fjrauen, beutfc^ Irene, 
£)eutfd^ SBeiu unb beutf(^er ®ang 
©oHen in ber SBelt behalten ao 

3(|reu alten, fc^önen Äfang, 
Uns ju ebfer Xat begeiftcm 
Unfer gonje« geben lang.^ 
3)eutf(!^ grauen, bentfc^e Jreue, 
S)eutf^er SBein unb beutfti^er ©ang! 35 

u„i,„. ..Google 

ginißfeit unb 9Jed^t utib greilicit 
5ür bo« beutf(i&e Süterlanb! 
Donadö' tafet im« aüe [treten^ 
Sörüberlicö mit §erj unb ^anbl' 
@inigfeit unb ffti^t unb t^rni^t 
@lnb bee ©Ittdes Untetpfmtb. 
SWl^' im ©lange biefe« ©lüffe«, 
am^, beutft^e« fflatcrlonb! 

^offmann oon gallt: 


Sipcitc Stufe 

49. Sa» UW>avt ftvantleiH 

3>Ki SRäflbe, SSrigitte unb SSaftburg, iDonbertm' ju= 
fommen nac^ ber ©tobt unb jebe ^tt« - einen f(i»erm 
fforb öoH 06ft* auf bem Äopfe. 

SBrißitte murrte unb feufjte beftttnblfl; SBottburg aber 
lachte unb fd^tgte nur. s 

Brigitte faflte: „SBie [onnft bu lat^? I)ein Äorb ift 
ja fo fti^tDer Wie ber metnige/ unb bu bift nt^t ftfirfer aU 

ÜESaKburg antwortete: ^^ ^abe ein geniffes ^rttutlein 
jur Saft geleflt/ unb fo fü^e i^ fte taum. SKadö' e«. qu^ lo 

„®!" (afltc 93riflitte, „bog mu§ ein toftbare« Ärftutlein 
feinl ©afl' mir boc^, toie e8 ^fet, it^ Will mir meine Saft 
au^ bomit erteic^tem." 

SBaUtiurg antwortete: „S)afl foftbare ^Autlein, ba« aüt is 
Seff^Werben leidster moc^t, l&eifet — ©ebulb. I)enn 
geilster traget," was et trägt, 
£Bkr @ebulb jur iSUcbe legt." 


62 STfleS £c|eM 

50. Sviebri« SBil^efm ker @irfte 

griebridö SBil^lm bcr ffirfte^ ttebte ©c^lagfertigleit; i)a= 

Bon jeuBt bie folgenbe anefbote. äl8 et einmal bem 91Bett= 

rennen in 93erHn beiwohnte,' fletterte ein junger SWann, ber 

ben Äönig nit^t tonnte,' auf iien fünignc^ SCBogen, unb 

5 ((§oute Bon bort bem Stennen ju.* 

„SSaS ift (gr?"* fragte ber ffönig, aU er i^n bemerfte. 
„(Sr ift bie britte '^erfon ber (äinjo^l be8 perfänlit^ien 
gttrmort«," antwortete ber imtge 3Hann fd^tagfertig. 
SDer Äönig lachte unb meinte: „©i^erj bei ©eite, junger 
lo Tlam, iä) bin ber ffibnifl, mer finb ©ie?" 
„f anbibat ' ber t^eologie, ßm.' aHajeftttt." 
„aus «erlin."' 

„^a^, ge^ ®ie! 3)ie Söerliner taugen m(i|t«."' 
15 „3)ie meiften" taugen aQcrbmB« niti^t«, ober e« gibt 
3lu«na^men. 3(^ fenne beten aroet." 
„aSirtlicö? ^na, Wer (inb benn bie ausnahmen?" 
„e». SDlojeftiit unb ic^." 

!j)er Sönig lotete. !Co8 roor " ein SWann na(^ feinem 
K. ©erjen, unb e8 faauerte nii^t lange, bo ^atte ber ffionbibat 
eine ongene^me ^forre. 

51. 9lttftetii 

(Sin JReifenber tefitte on einem ftürmifc^ SEBinterabenb 
in einem SBittS^aufe ein. Slac^bem er fein ^fetb in ben 

u„i,„. ..Google 

eiftai Scfebw« 53 

€tall gefteHt ^otie,* eUte er \o [c^ett al8 mi}gH(^ in bie 
©aftftutit, um [lif) ju nttrmen.* 3u feinem 3^gMrgnU=' 
gen bemerkte er ober, bag ade $(a^ in bec 9ta^ befl OfenS 
Befe^t* tDoren, tmb leiner ber @&\tt motzte 9)Kene/ px 
©eite jU rüden. ,§err Sßirt," fagte ber ißeifenbe* laut, 
„bitte bringen ©ie meinem ^ferbe eine ©d^üffel äluftem."* 
— ,auftem? 3^em ^ferbe äuftem?" fragte ber Söirt 
öcrttnmbert.— ^a, äuftcm," Wrfe1;te ber grembe ' ru^ig. 
^gierig baö bmnberbare Xier gn fe^, eilten jjetjt oKe 
@äfte mit bem SSiirte na<$ bem ®taa. StI« ber 9Birt nac^ i 
«niget 3<it init ben äuftem jurüctfe^rte, ^atte ber grembe 
ru^ mittrermeile an ben Ofen gefelät. „3^r ?iferb Witt btc. 
Suftem ni(^t freffcn," fagte ber SBirt. „3)a8 bumme SCier," 
ermiberte ber fReifenbe, „nmt, bann miE ic^ fie effen, nnb 
bringen ©ie meinem ^ferbe eine SBafe Safer." i 

S2. nationale eigeKtftmlii^feite« 
Sin gronjofe, ein (Snglttnber nnb ein' X)eutfc^ foUten 
ber SSiett iltre Hnftc^ten mitteilen über jenes intereffante 
Xier, bai Hantel. !Der t$ran$ofe fuc^te fu^* einen angenel^= 
men ^(aj} im joologif(^en harten, betrachtete [li)* eine 
©tunbe lang" bie Äamele,unb Oerfafete bann eine anmutige a 
©(^ft, in ber fein ©ai} »nr, ben bie ätabemie" tobein 
(onnte," aber onc^ feiner," ber bie aügemetne Äenntnia er= 
toeiterte. Qnbeffen »or er fe^r jufrieben mit (einer Arbeit 
nnb fugte: „Da ^6t i^r ba« Äumel." 3)er (gngtänber 

u„i,„. ..Google 

54 er{te8 fieleM 

päd te feine S^ebofe, SabetDomie unb ein gonjeS äßagagin 
öon (leinen SJebütfnilfen ein, reifte nat^ bem Orient unb 
ftubierte bort jiüei 3al^re lanß ' bie 2ebeii«meife be« Äamet«. 
(Snblic^ fe^rte er mit einem bicfleibigen 93anbe bon allerlei 

s Xat^adjtn jurücf, bte fretlidi o^e Orbnung unb ol^ne Sogif 
aufgejetc^et' toaren, ober ber S^ai^melt gemig neitDoHe^ 
SWoteriül fein »erben. 2>r ^utfdie beroc^tete ben Sct(^t= 
finn bes j^ronjofen toie bie unptftlofop^ift^ ©rUnbUt^Mt 
bc8 ffinglttnber« unb feiäte fidfi in fein ©tübc^, ftubierte 

10 ttHe SBü(^r, bie er betommen fonnte, unb entluidtelte bann 
ba3 Sffiefen be« Äamete au9 ber liefe feine« moraltfd&en 35e= 
iDugtfeinS. Unb er ift nod^ babei.* 

5S. Set m9Ut 

!Ber ©aftwirt einer Hetnen ©tabt fragte einmal einen 

bure^reifenben SÄater: „SEBa« Deriangen @ie, hjenn ©ie mir 

15 ouf mein ©d^itb einen SSören malen, ober einen rei^t fd&Ö= 

nen ffii*bftnn, ber mir eine grofte Äunbfi^ft bringen (ann?" 

„3d6 miß e* für ge^n laier tun," entgegnete ber SWoter. 

„gür je^n 3:aler? Slber ber SWoIer in unfrer ©tobt Der* 
langt Wo« at^t Jaler!" 
M „SBie? ©ie tooHen mtc^ übcrreben, bafe er ^Ifnm für 
oi^t laier einen SiSbüren matt?" 

,30, er l^t'8 gefogt." ' 

„Unb foH eS ein »Über ober ein jal^mer fein?" 

„(Sin »Über 95är." 

uwi,„. ..Google 

elftes Sctebud) 66 

„SKit einet ftette, ober o(ine Äette?" 

„O^ne Äette." 

„9iun gut, fo lutH t(5 S'^en auc^ fit «(^t loter einen 
teilben IStdbären o^ne ^ette malen." 

9la($ einigen Xagen befestigte ber SESirt Ober ber Xür [eincfl 5 
SSHrt^^ufed einen großen $oIjraf)nten, in bem fii$ auf 
ff^iDorjem @runbe ein pittt^tiger (Si^bär abjet($ncte, ber 
balb bie SBemimbetimfl bet fltmjen Umgegenb erregte. 

äUein es bauerte nit^t lange, fo rafte eine« SIbcnbS* ein 
furchtbare« ©efflttter mit ^laisregen im ©täbtc^. %l& » 
ber SSirt am näd^ften Snorgen feine genfterloben öffnete, 
fc^ute er beforgt noi§ feinem ©c^tlbt unb — ©(^rerfenl 
— bet SBür mar fort. Slufeer fit^* eilte ber SSSirt ju bem 
SDJolcr unb teilte i^m bie« * mit. 

„9Bar e« ein luilber ober ein jal^mer S3är?" fragte ber is 
aWaler fü^l. 

„(£tn loilber." 

„9Bar er ongetettet ober nit^t?" 

„Slein, angefettet war er nit^t." 

„9iim," meinte ber SKoIer, „inie tÖnnen ©ie erhwrten, » 
bafe ein inilber SBär bei bem iffiettet' in leljter ^a(i)t rul^ig 
auf feiner ©teCte bleiben roirb, loenn er nid^t angetettet tft. 
©eben ®ie mir aber jefet bie jetm laier, fo Will ic^ 3£fnen 
einen angefetteten SSftren malen, ber nii^t luanfen no^ wei= 
djm* [oll, mag eS ftürmen unb regnen, »ie eS miff." aj 

I)er SJitt beja^Ite bie je^n laier, unb bet SWalet Heferte 

u„i,„. ..Google 

t^m bafltr einen neuen Stdt>tiren an einer Aette, aber bieS 
9Äol ' ni^t in aSJafferfac&en, rote ber frü^re, fonbem in öl. 

S4. mtt ^ptüOft 
®ute ©()ril(^, roetfe Setjren, 
®otI man Üben, nt(^t Mo8 ffftren. 

s mäfti ift [o denb, al« ein afiann, 

3)er üHca will, unb ber nid^t« (ann. 

©ie Peifeige, gcfc^irfte $anb 
(grwirlit fic6 SSrot in jebem 8anb. 

SSJer' (eine ©(§u^' fonn felber fttden, 
SDer* mu6 fte niti^t jum ©ti^ufter fc^iden. 

Jffier einmal lUflt, bem glaubt' man nti^t, 
Unb roenn er anc^' bte Sßal^r^eit (priest. 

Sin fro^S §erj, gefunbe« ©tut, 
3ft btffer ol« Diel ®elb unb ®ut." 

5 Reiben »flfirt nii^t immer, 

Ungebulb macht'S [t^ttmmer. 

3u Diel reben unb ju Diel f<$roeigen, 
3)08 ift allen 9larren eiflen. 

u,ü.i..d ..Google 

5S. SttgKft bet 9tatU 

3)er Äurfttrft Äuguft her 3roeite »on ©ad^fen «wr au6er= 
orbmütc^ ftmrt. 211« er einmal fpagieren ritt,' öertor fein 
^ferb ein .^ufeifen. Er ^iett' borum bor ber nä^ffen 
^mtebe an, um ein neue^ ISiftn auflegen ju laffen. 311« 
ber ©c^mieb ba« §ufeifen bro^te, fafete e8 ber Äurfürft s 
mit beiben §änben, jecbraf^* e8 mit Seiditigfcit, unb 
fpca^; „Txi» (Sifen taugt ni^ta!" I)er ©ij&mieb brockte 
ein neue« ^ufelfen, aber au^ biefe» unb noi^ onbere jer* 
bradi ber Äurfücft. iSnbtic^ aber fteffte er fiti^ aufrieben, - 
unb ber ©dimieb befc^tug ba« ^ferb. SftS aber ber w 
©d^mieb für feine SÖhl^ einen Saler befam, nofim er 
benfelben jtnifd^en bie Ringer, bog i^n frumm, unb rief: 
„$err Äurfürft, biefer Safer taugt ni^ts." S)er Äurfürft 
gab i^m no(^ einen 2;afcr, aber awS) btefen unb no^ on* 
bere boft ber ©c^mieb mit geic^tigteit jufammen. „yina," »s 
rief ber Äurfürft, „^ier tft ein ©olbftüd, bai wirb njo^t* 
gut fein." SBerfluüflt ritt fier ffurfltrft Weiter unb freute 
fi<| einen 'JOlann gefunbcn ju ^aben, ber i^m an ©titrie 
mä)t nai^ftanb.' 

56. 3ict mtinittt 
(Sin 93ater fagte furj' Bor feinem Xobc ju feinen brei ao 
©ö^nen: „Siebe ßinber! i(^ fann eudi ui^t« jurücRoffen, 
aU biefe glitte unb ben Skinberg baron. 3n bem SBcin» 
bcrg liegt aber ein oerborgener ©^al^. ®rabt nur ^eifeig 
nac^, fo Werbet üfz U)n finben." 

u„i,„. ..Google 

58 (SrfteS 2cftbu<E| 

Via^ betn lobe be8 SBoter« ßruben bie ©ö^ne ben gan« 

jen SSäeinberg mit bem flröfeten gfetfee um — unb fanben 

»eber @oIb noc^ ©Über. ÜBeil fte aber ben SBetnberg no^ 

nie fo fki^ig bearbeitet Ratten, fo brachte er eine foli!^ 3)Ienge 

5 Iraiiben l^Bor, bafe fte bartlber erftaunten.' 

3el3t erft fiel ben ©öljnen ein, wo« i^r [efifler SJoter 
mit bem ©i^ajje gemeint ^atte, unb [it ((^rieben an bie 
lür be« SBJetnberfl« mit großen ©u(^ftaben: 

3Me red&te ©ofbgrub' ift ber Steife — 
«> gür ben, ber il^n ju üben rtteife. 

' 67. !&ie 9nnbe 

,3Bie ousgeortet ift (lier ju Ocmbe' unfer ©efd&Iei^t!" 
foflte ein ßereifter ^ubet. „^n bem fernen SBetttelle, mtäftn 
bie SWenfd^ 3^bien nennen, ba gibt e8 no(^ rechte §unbe; 
^unbe, meine Srttber — i^r »erbet e8 mir ni(^t glauben,' 
15 unb boc^ §abe i^ e8 mit meinen Sngen gefe!^ — bie au(§ 
einen Sötoen nic^t fürd^ten unb fü^n mit i^m anbinben." 

,?Iber," fragte ben ^ubcl ein gefegter S'ciflb^unb, „tlber= 
Winben fte t^ benn auc^, ben ?ÖlDen?" 

„überwtnben?" »ar bie Stntrtort. „X)oS fann iä) nun 
30 eben ni($t fagen. @Iei(^wot)I, bebenfe nur, einen S5n>en 
an juf allen!" 

„O," fuf)r ber 3agbt)imb fort, „hjenn fte i^ ni^t über- 
Winben, fo [inb betne geprtefcnen §imbe in S'nbien — bef- 
fer afö roir fo biel »le nt^it«, aber — ein gut letl* bümmer." 

u„i,„. ..Google 

«rOeS StfeM 69 

5S. «atfeffni«eB' 

1. SESelc^ flnb bte giSgten 'SJiMtn? 

2. aBieniel gier ftnm ein Tlm\ä) nüd^tent effcn? 

3. SSo fl^t ber ©c^üfct. Wenn er in bte ^vk Qtf)t9 

4. 8BeI(^ t[t bU fltfttl^rlid&fte 3a^re«jrit? 

5. (28 liefien fünf Sier in ber ®<^(fet. günf Jhtaben s 
nehmen Jebet ein St, unb bodft bleibt ein« in 6er ©d&ttffelj 
nrfe ift ba« rnößlid^? 

6. 3tt tt)el(^m SWonat effen bte SBeritner om »enlflltm? 
■7. aSJarum l^at ©t ^miluS cm bie Äorint^ aeff^etwi»? 

8. ein ölinber \a^ einen §afen laufen, ein ?a^mer lo 
fprong i^ xux^, unb ein Sladttr ^at t^n in bie lafd^e gc" -' 
ftedt; tt>a8 ift ba«? 

9. SÜßa« ^obt i^r an ber redeten $onb, wenn t^ an« ber 
©c^üte (ommt? 

10. rniäjei gutter frifet tein ®aul? 15 

11. SSJer fonn ^unbert ^erfonen auf einem SBogen in 
blc ©tobt fahren? 

12. SBtfet t^r, ba6 ener Se^rer iwber lefen nod^ ft^reiben 

13. 9Borum ft^reibt man Kanone mit einem St unb « 
nic^t mit einem (5? 

14. SBer ^ot e« beim Äoc^en bequemer,' ber Äaffee ober 
ber a:^? 

15. Sonim raebelt ber §tmb mit bem ©c^wanje? 

16. Ser brid^t eljer ba8 95ein, ber bom ffirt^turm ober 35 
ber bon ber San( fäUt? 

u„i,„. ..Google 

CO ffiifttf at\ebuii _ 

59. %tt ei^afee «nf Um ft^ff^iinfer' 

@in @($ttfer toetbete dnft feine $erbe in ber mtäft be« 

^^ffFfituferS. <Sx toar arm unb backte mit ©e^nfuci^t an 

ben Siai\tx dtotbort unb feine reic^ ^>6)&^. ^ fanb er 

auf ber ^'ä1^ bts Berges eine wunberfi^fine ^lume. Saum 

5 l^atte er fie geliro^en unb an feinen §ut ßefterft/ f" öffnete 
fic^ öor i^m eine Weite Pforte. I5r trot ein Unb gelangte 
burd& biefelbe in ein ©c^Iofe BoU ^rad^t unb ^errfii^feit. 
1)0 fanb er in einem großen ©aale ein graue« Mttnntein 
jhrifd&en gefüllten ©olbKften ftijen. 5Da8 rtinfte* i$m 

lo freunbli(^ ju unb fprad^; „@retf ju unb nimm nad^ ^erjen«' 
luftl'" 3)er ©c^äfer liefe fii§ ba« nic^t jhKimal fogen.* 
Cr füllte fic^ juerft alle Stafc^ien* unb bann au^ noc^ ben 
§ut mit bem feinften ©olbe. ' JJabei fiel i^m bie SEBunber» 
blunte Don bem §ute/ 
'S „ißerflife ba« SBefte nic^t!" rief iljm ba« SKünnletn ju, al« 
ber ©c^ttfer teieber ^tnouSge^en hJoHte. SJor lauter ®oll)= 
gier^ aber prte er nid&t. 'Sloä} einmal rief ba« 3Kftnnlein 
mit lauter* ©timme: „Sßergife baS Sefte nid&t!" Slber 
fc^DU ftanb er Uor ber 'ißforte unb l)Örte biefelbe nur nod^ 

*> frat^b jufd^lagen. ^ti^t erft terftanb er bie Süßorte be« 
Serggeiftefi. S)ie iBlume roat ber ^auberfd^lüffel. Der 
©(^itfer tonnte nic^t mieber in ben S&erg (ommen, aber et 
toar reic^ genug unb lebte jufrieben unb glüdlic^ bis an 
fein ffinbe.' Die SäJunberblume"* ^at bi« jelät noti^ (ein 

flj SRenfd^ ftteber gefunben. 

u„i,„. ..Google 

ffrfteä Sefeeu* 61 

60. »itfct' 

1. ^ä) ^abt jWei i^ü^ti unb (ann nii^t pießm, 
3Ic^ £)ali' einen Slütfen unh tonn nii^t liegen, 
^d) )}abt ein öeln unb tonn nii^t ftel^, 
3cÖ trage bte SBririe unb tann ntd^t fefjen. 

2. ©er e« mai^t, ber bram^t e« nti^t, s 
©er e« tauft, ber toiC e8 nii^t, 

UBer e« brandet, ber mei^ e« nic^t. 

3. ^6) bin nif^t, läf war ni(^t, t(^ werbe nid^t fein; 
©u meineft, ii^ fc^rge, i^ fofle bir: „Stein!" 

3c^ pe^ ja ft(^tli(5 »or beinern @efid&f, w 

Unb fannft bu mti^ raten, fo nennft bu mitf} nic^t. 

4. Serfertigt ift'8 bor langer ^eit,* 
3)oc^ mel^renteif«' gemacht ecft ^ut', 
©el^r fd^äfebor tft eö feinem ^xxn,* 

. Unb bennoc^ !^ütef€' niemanb gem. 15 

«1. %ec aspff Ntib ber ^nOfS 

!l)er f3olf unb ber %vä)& Maren onfonga ' gute ^'^^""i'e 
unb üerfpra^en, fid^^ cinanber ju Iielfen unb i^ren JRaub 
e^rttd^ jU teilen. 8Beil aber ber Solf gefräßig unb unge= 
rei^t unb ber %uäß ^nterltftig wob falfc^ ift, fo tonnte e« 
(eine rechte greunbfc^aft Werben, unb fie l^aben einer bem 30 
anbem alledei Ungere^itigfeit, ©i^imfif unb (Sc^abemadC 

u„i,„..., Google 

62 ^tee ät^tivit 

Sinmal fa^ fie einen S3ouem mit gif(^n ju Wiaxtit ' 
fahren intb erfamten eine Sift, Wte fie bem dauern bie 
gifc^ fte^len (onnten. Xwr gu(^« ging Woran, legte fid^ 
quer Ü6er ben Seg, ben ber Sauer fahren mufete, unb ftellte 

5 fic^ tot. „X)u fommff mir eben red^t," rief ber SSouer, 
„bein ^elj tft jejät teuer," imb bamit Warf er ben {Juc^S ouf 
ben SEßagen. ^ na^m ber ^nil)9 bie @elegen^it Ka^r 
unb Warf eine SWenge ^if";^* *"'"i Sagen tjinunter, fo Biet 
als für bie beiben Stiebe genug mar. 3II8 aber ber gu(^« 

10 Dom SBogen fprang, um nun oui^ bon [einer Öeutt ju fref= 
fen, ba l^tte ber 9BoIf aUt gifd&e Wrjel^rt unb nur bie ®rtt= 
ten toaren übrig, „©o nimm bod^," ' fugte ber SBoIf, „bei= 
nen SIntetf I)a6e iä) btr rebli0 aufbehja^rt." 

„S)aS Win i^ bir gebenten," ' fugte ber %uit}S bei fii^ fei« 

15 ber,* „unb bie ©elegenfieit Wirb fif!^ fc^on" finben." Salb 
buruuf fugte ber Solf: „SRotfuc^ö, e« tft ein afte« ©prid^= 
»ort, bie Sifi^s wollen fii^iuimmen; ic^ ^ube einen quälenben 
©urft. Weifet bu feinen SBrunnen?" — „ffomm mit mir," 
fagte ber 5ud&«, „ic^ Weife einen SSrunnen mit (öftlic^m 

*j iBaffer." !S)ai War aber ein SSrunnen mit jwei ©mem; 
Wenn ber eine liinunter ging fo fam ber anbere ^rauf, unb 
fie tonnten niemnld jugleii^ oben ober unten fein, ^r 
guc^* fe^te fid^ getroft in ben einen Sinter, fu^r in ben 
SSrunncn l^inab, tronr unb rühmte ba« ^errlic^e SJBaffer. 

as „SEßie befomme i^ berni jU trinken?" fragte ber SSJolf, bef= 
fen 3)urft je^t immer quttlenber Würbe, „©teig' boi^' in 


Srfteä 2ett6u4 63 

ben onbem Simer," [agte ber i^uc^fl, „(o lannft t>u ti e&enfo 
gut ^dbta nie id)." 9tö nim ber Süolf fic^ in ben obem 
ffiimer feiäte, ha fu^r er (ilö^Iic^ in bie Jiefe "^nunter, imb 
ber guc&« fu^r hinauf imb ging feiner aSeße.' Der Sffiolf 
aber blieb in bem SSnmnen, unfa ol« bie Samm famm s 
imb il&n fanben, warfen [ie iljn mit ©teinen' unb fi^Iugm 
i^ mit £nUtteIn, bog et beinah tot am ^laije blieb. 

02. Site Sctlnng ber ®etc 

„Sfie^mt ^n bie aSelt!" rief 3eu8 öon (einen $iil|en 
aDen SKenf^ra jn. „9Ie^t, [xe fotl euer ' fein. 

ffiut^ fd&enf id) fie jum ffirb' unb etti'flen* Se^n; "> 
S)oc^ teilt eiM^ brüberlic^ borein I" 

jDa eilt, toad $ttnbe fiat, \iä} einjuni!^ten; 

<Si regte |t(^ gef($liftig jung unb alt. 
Der 9[(fer«mcmn griff nad& be« gelbe« ^tüäftm, 

S)er Sunfer birfc^te bitrc^ ben SBalb. « 

3)er Äaufmann nimmt, «aä feine ©peic^ foffen, 
3)er abt h)ft|It fi(§ ben eblen gimewein, 

tXt Äönig fperrt bie Srttden unb bie ©tragen 
Unb fpric^t: „Xwr 3^^**' 'f* wein."' 

©anj flJttt, nat^bem bte Sieilung ßtnflft gefd^f)en,' ao 

Stallt ber ^oet^—er fam au8 toeiter gern';' 

Slc^, ba mar überall nic^t« mel^r ju fe^en,' 
Unb aüti ^atte feinen $erm. 


64 <tm ScfeBui^ 

„aS3e^' mirl fo foK tc^ benn aÄein mm dum 
SSergeffen fein, i(§, 3)em gttceufter ©o^n?" 

©0 liefe et taut ber Äloge SRuf erfd&otlen 
Uitb warf fic^ ^n »or 3tini«' X()ron. 

i „SBetm bu im 8anb ber Siräume bic^ terttiettet,"' 
Serfefjt ber ®ott, „fo ^abre m(^t mit mir. 
Sffio morft bu benn, al« man bie SBett geteilet ?"* 
„3äf War," f))cad6 ber ^ott, „bei 3)tr.* 

SWein Sluße ^ing* an ©einem angefit^te, 
) an Jwlne« §imme[8 Harmonie mein O^r; 
üBeräei^" bem ©etfte, ber, tton ^Deinem ?id&te 
SBeraufc^t, ba« Sfrbifc^ Berlor!" 

„aSa« tun?"' fprad& 3eu«. „35le SBelt ift wegflege&en, 
X)er ^rbft,' bie 3aflb, ber SRarft ift nic^t me^r mein, 
s SSiHft bu in meinem §lmmel mit mir leben," 
©0 oft bu (ommft, er [oH bir offen fein." 

63. ^tt» brave* aRäMeed^en 
e« rear Im hinter, unb ba« eis ftanb." !Da befc^Iof* 
fen bie §nfumer" ein grofee« geft ju feiern; f« fti^tugen 
Siitt auf, unb alt unb jimg, bie gonge ©tabt tietfammelte 
3 fic^ braufeen an ber ©ee." 3)ie einen Uefen" ©(i^Uttfd&u^, 
bie anbeten fugten im ©erlitten, unb in ben gelten erfd^oll 
9Ku[if, nnb länjet unb Sftnierinnen fc^nienften fi^ l^m, 

u„i,„. ..Google 

unb hit alten fagen an ben Jifc^ unb tranfen ein«.' ©o 
öerßinfl' ber ganje lag, unb bet ^tte SKonb ftieg auf; 
aber ber 3ufiel festen* nun erft rec^t onjufonflm. 

Ühtr ein altes äßütterc^ toar Don aQen Seuten in ber 
©tabt jurttdBeBlieben.* ©ie »ar franf unb fiebrec^ltd& unb 5 
Tonnte i^te güfec nid&t me^t gefataur^ ; aber ba i^r ^u«= 
(^ auf bem 3)et(^ ftanb, (onnte fie oon t^rem Söette au« * 
aufs Si« ^tnauSfe^n unb bie greut's m betrachten. SIS 
es nun gegen Sibenb tarn, ba gewahrte fie, inbem fie auf 
bie ©ee ^nouSfaf), im 835eften ein HeineS ülBiHfi^n, baS 10 
eben über bem ^orijont aufftieg. ®Ieic^ befiel" fie eine un= 
enblid^ 2lnflft;fie toar mit ifjrem Spanne jur ©ee geWefen' 
unb öecftanb \iät ' rec^t auf SBbib unb Söetter. ©le re(^= - 
iwte na(^: in einer Ileinm ©timbe rairb Me gint bo' fein, 
bann ein ©türm loöbret^n, unb aße finb tjerloren! jDa is 
rief unb jammerte fie fo laut, als fie tonnte; aber niemanb 
niar in ifirem @aufe, unb bie SJac^bam Waren aQe auf bem 
ISife, unb niemanb (jörte fie. 3tnmer gröfeer'" warb" bie 
SBolfe unb attmäfilic^ immer f^Wörjer, no(^ einige aJHnu:= 
ten, unb bie glut mufete bo fein, ber ©türm JoSbrec^n. » 
3)a rafft" fie aQe Äraft jufammen unb friet^t auf @änben 
unb tJttfeen ou3 bem SSette jum Ofen; gfllcflit^ finbet fie 
no(§ einen ©canb, fc^teubert ifin ins ©tro§ ilireS SctteS 
unb eilt, fo fd^neU fie fann, hinaus, fic^ in ©ic^erl)eit ju 
bringen. ©aS §iluS(J^n ftanb in gtammen, unb als man 25 
ben geucrf^in ttom Sife aus fa^, ftUrjte aßeS" in roilber 

. u„i,„..,Cooglc 

66 (Elftes Sefebiu« 

$aft bem ©ttonbe ju. ©(^oti (prang ber aBtnb auf irab 
feßte ben ©taub auf bem (£i[e ^in unb ^; ber ^imind 
toarb bunfet; bad (Bi9 fing an ju Inartm unb ju ft^wonCen, 
ber Sßinb loud^ junt ©türm, unb oie bie legten ben l^ufi 
5 aitf« fefte 8anb feläten, brai^ bie JVrfc, unb bie glut toogte 
an ben ©tranb. ©o rettete bie arme grau bte gonje ©tobt 
unb gab il^r $ab unb @ut* baron ju beten ^eU unb dttU 

S4. ^tiittttUltitt 

©al^' ein ^nab' ein 9iÖ8lein ftefin, 
" SRöSlein auf ber ^iben'; 

Soor' fo iung unb morgenfc^itn,* 

2ief et* fi^neU e« na'^ ju fel)n, 

©a^'8 ^ mit Bieten gi^iiben. 

SßbSleln, gtbsletn, ißöslein rot, 
■5 9i98letn auf ber Reiben. 

Änabe (pra^: ic^ brei^ bii^, 
9iiJ«fein auf ber Reiben I 
5Rö«tein [ptai^: iä) ftei^e bi(§, 
Dafe bu einig bentft" on mid^, 
30 Unb i<i^ toia'« nid^t leiben. 

MitSlein, 9iö8lein, SHöSlnn tot, 
fflßSlein auf ber Reiben. 

Unb ber Ȇbe Jfnobe brai$ 
«'SRö^Iein " auf ber ^ben; 

ISifled Stlcbui^ - 67 

SRMIein iM^rte ft(§ unb ftad^, 
§alf' i^m ho(^ (ein Se^ unb ^ä}' 
aKufet" ee eben leiben. 
SRiWIetn, JRöSlcin, 9fö8Iein rot, 
JRdSletn auf bei ^ben. 3 


65. XiO «itletift>ic«el 

3n bem SThmbe be« SBoIfe« lebt noc^ je^t no($ 500 3a^ren 
bet 9Iame eine« burc^triebenen ©c^aK«, ItÜ (äulenfptegel, 
ber feine gröfete 8uft baran* fonb, bie Üffielt ju bur^n>an= 
bern, luftige unb ungeiogene ©treii^ ju öerUben unb an- 
beten, »Die man [agt, einen ©d^abernacf ju fpielen, am t|üu= lo 
fiflften baburc^, bafe ' er i^re Slufträge buÖ&ftäbIt(^ Berftanb 
unb anäf buc^ftäblic^ ausrichtete. 

©n ißarbier, ber il^ auf ber 8anbftro6e jum ©efellen 
annahm," begeii^nete i^m, Weil er nid&t fetbft glcii^ no(^ 
§aufe ging, feine 9Bol)nung. „©ie^ nur," fagte er, „nac^ 15 
bem roten $aufe on ber Scfe be« SKacfteä mit ben tio^en 
genftem Bon ©piegelglaö; ba gc^ nur hinein unb matte, 
bis ic& (omme!" 2:ill iSulenfpiegel bejofl^ bie Sffiorte „ba 
ge^ nut hinein" ouf bie Senftet; er ging nit^t burt^ bie Xür, 
toie anbete Seute, [onbem jerbrac^ eine ©piegelf^be unb » 
ftieg bur(^ ba« genfter. Sil« ber 99arbier »cma^m, »a8 
ber neue ©cfelle »oHfül^rt ^atte, rourbe er joratg unb rief: 
,®e^ be« SÖJege«,* ben bu gerommen bift!"" hierauf jer= 

u,ü.i,„» ..Google 


erflfÄ Sefe6u* 

brod^ (SutenfpUßcI ein jiDfite« ^m^ec, um nur bes SBegc« 
ju ge^en, auf twm er gefommen nrar. 

•* ffljenn Sulenfpießet mit anbeten ju gu^e ' ttonberte, War 
er immer [eljr »etgnügt, nwnn et betgon gtafl. unb fe^r 

5 fleinmütig, fo lange er bergunter ge^ mugte. Site man 
i^ nac& bem ©mnbe fragte, gob er jur antioort:* „©enn 
Wir bcrgon gelten, ba freue iä} mt(^ fc^on, toie teid^t Xüix'i 
^abm roerben, ben JBery fiinunter ju gelien; aber toenn »tr 
bergunter gel^, ba toeig tij^, bog balb nneber eine %n!^S^ 

w (ommt, bie mir mll^fam erftetgen muffen. SEßir foCen," 
fe^te er ^inju, „ntc^t Uo& an bie ©cgentoart benfen, fon< 
bem immer an bie äu'inift." " 

©ne« Xa%ti begegnete il^m ein gutjrmann, ber auf einer 
fteinii^ten «Strome [eine ^fetbe Über bie &tbüi)v antrieb, 

15 fo bafe fie laufen mußten. „Sonn ic& bor Mbenb* no^ in 
bie ©tobt Tommen?" fragte ber Ju^rmann im S}orbeifati= 
wn-* o3ii/' antwortete ßulenfpieget, „wenn 3f|t longfam 
fa^ct." „3>r Äcrl ift txrriitft," barfite ber gui^rmorat, unb 
trieb feine ^ferbe noc^ me^r an. ®egen Sbenb fam Sulen= 

30 fpieget auf bemfelben SBege jurüdC unb traf ben gu^rmnnn 
toieber auf ber ©tra^e an unb jnjar in großer SBerlegen^eit. 
TiaxH) baS S'agen auf ber ftrinit^ten ©trafee imr tfjm ein 
5Rab gebroc^. Sr fonnte beStjatb nit^t Don ber ©teile 
unb mußte fid^ bequemen, bie Slac^t unter freiem §immel * 

»5 jujubrtngen. „^ab' ii^ @u(^ ni^t gefagt," fprad^ ©ulenfpie« 
gel, „bafe ^^t langfam fahren müfet, hKun 3f)r bie ©tabt 
»or abenb erreit^n iDOÜt?" 

u„i,„. ..Google 

ei|>tl StfeM 69 

M. »«n brr «»nifltK Sntfe 

3n ber ©tobt ©targorb in Sommern ^rrfd^te am 26, 
Tiai' be« 3o.iftta 1798 f^on t)om frü^ 3>Irirgm an ein 
nqeS geben. ^Qe $fiu(er maien mit ^rOnjen gefc^üctt, 
unb grüne SaidgeiDtnbe jogen fid^ in ^o^ $ogen über bie 
©trafeen. 3Me eMe, Bon allen l^ren Untertanen fo fe^r ge» s 
liebte Äönigin 8ui[e'* tnoHte an bie[em Sioge auf einer SReife 
bie ©tobt befuri&en unb \iif bafelfift turje 3«* erfiofcn. S)ie 
Sd^ütjengitbe' fammclte ftd^ unb jog bem Sßagen entgegen*; 
ber SSitrgenneifter fteßte fic^ am lore auf, um bie Äönigin 
ju begrüben, unb auf aßen ©tragen, burc^ VKläft ber SSa-^ "> 
gen fommen niu|te, ftanben bic^t gebröngt bte Sßmoffntx 
ba ©tobt unb ber Umgegenb. Sor bem '^oftfiaufe aber, 
in Rwlc^m bte Äßnigin 'üfv Sbfteigequarticr' nehmen moBte, 
irrten* e(f flcine Wt&bdjtn in tDeigen Kleibern unb mit 
SBIumenrrttnjen im §aar ilirer Slnfunft. is 

©ie (ommt! fie fornrntl tönte efl ptöjätidö buri^ bie HJIenge, 
unb mit Subefrufen begrüfet, fu^r ber SBagen langfam an 
bem ^oftl&aufe öor.' Sin« ber (leinen 3Bäbc^ trat i)tX' 
an unb fprad^ mit lauter, l&ell flingenber ©timme ein @e= 
bic^t jur SBegrüfeung' ber ffönigin, rtä^renb bie onbren so 
SÖIumen Cor il)r au«ftreuten. I)ie Äöntgtn tear Über btefe 
^jlic^ SJegrüfeung fo erfreut, ba^ flc ba« aRäbc^en ju ftc^ 
auf ben ©i^ofe ^ob unb bie anbcren alle freunblii^ on ben 
SBagen toinfte. Safb mar fie in einem (cb^aften ®efpräi$ 
mit ben fflleinen. Vit\e Derloren bei fo Diel §ufb unb ^s 


70 «rfteä Sefebu* 

©(^öTil^t aOe Befangenheit unb (tlaubetten ganj jutraulic^ 
mit ber Königin, „^a, »ei^t bu," (agte eine, „»ir rtoren 
eigentlii^ Jtoölf, Weictie bit^ begrüben fotlten ; aber eine mar 
ju l^tt&Ii^, unb beS^oKb timrbe [ie na^ $aufe gefc^icft."* 

5 ©a3 tat bem guten ©ergen ber ffiönißin unenbli^ lue^,' 
unb fie ttitnfte (c^nell ben S3ürflermetfter ^rbei. „3Äein 
Jreunb," rebete fie it)n an, „taffen ®ie boi$ fogleicö baS 
arme Äinb l)ertt£i:^oten, bog Worein nat^ §aufe gefc^idt 
IDorben ift." ' Stltg lief ein Sote unb ^olte ba« SRöbt^. 

H> 9ii)(^ ftonben i^r' bie Srünen in ben Mugen, al8 [le tarn, 
unb üngftlii^ fc^aute [it ju benen ouf, ftetc^ \it fortgefc^dt 
Ijotten. ätber bie ffönigtn bücfte fic^ ju if)r nieber, um= 
ft^Iong tS mit betben Firmen unb fprac^ mit milben Sßor= 
ten: „SBJeine ni(!&t mef)r, mein ItebeS Sinb; fiel), id} f)abt 

15 bii^ ebenfo lieb' tote bie anbeten f)ier; fei nur immer bra» 
unb gut, bann ttebt bic^ ouc^ ber §eitanb ; aflen guten ffiin= 
bem gel&ört* [a^ fein ^immelreic^." S)abei brüdte fie ei= 
nen (lerjUc^n Stu^ auf bie äQange bti äüöbd^enS. Stile 
Umfte^enben »aren gerührt, in Dielen äugen ftonben Xv&= 

w nen, unb noc^ lange nad&fier fpta(^ man Don ber ®üte unb 
bem 3'>rtfinn ber Äönigin Suife. 

67. ©otborofi« 

5Der alte 93arbaroffa,' 
Der Äaifer grieberii!^, 
3m unterirfa'fi^en' ©c^foffe 
as $ält er tterjttubert fic^. 

u„i,„. ..Google 

ffir tft niemal« geftorben,' 
6r tefit barin noc^ ie^st, 
@r ^at im ©d^lofe Berborgen 
3iint ©d^Iaf ftc^ ^ttigefetät. 

ISr (»t ^inabgcnommen 
5De« Sfeit^e« ^errlic^fett, 
Unb Wirb einff roieberfommen 
3J?it i^r ju feiner ^elt. 

Der ©tu^l tft elfenbeinern,' 
Darauf ber ffaifer fifet; 
Der 3:ifc^ tft inarmelftcinem,* 
Darauf fein §aupt er ftüftt. 

©ein ©art ift nt(^t Bon glad^fe, 
Sr ift Bon ^cueiSfllut, 
3!ft buri^ ben Xi\ii) geroac^fen," 
ÜBorauf fein Äinn ou6rutit. 

er nidt, ol8 h)ie* im Jraume, 
©ein 2lufl', ^Ib offen, äwintt, 
Unb je nai^ langem Staume 
(Sr einem Änaben minft.' 

@r fprid&t im ©i^Iaf jum Änaben: 
„@e^ ^tn Bor« ©^lofe, o 3*»«^/ 
Unb fiefi, ob noc^ bte Stäben 
^rfliegen um ben SBerg. 

;,. Google 

72 ffitftea 2eft!biK!& 

Unb Wenn bte alten SRoben 
Stoi^ fliegen tmmeriwr, 
®o mug ic^ audd noc^ (d^tafen 
ißerianbert ^unbert QofiTl"' 


68. ^atetrlankSIieite einet fteslfd^en Snnfifratt 

s 3ni 3a^re 1813 er[)ob fic^ enblti^ nad& langer Unterjo= 
(^utifl baä beutfc^e ffiolf, um bte granjofen au« 33cutfc&= 
lanb äu Derjagen unb 9fapoIeonS fdiroere« 3mi) ju jerbre' 
c^en.^ 3n 'ißrenfeen befonbcre Wrltefeen bie Jünglinge, ja 
[ogar ffnaben, bte ©c^ulen, Sftttnner ilir ämt unb ©efc^äft, 

lo ©otten trennten ftt^ Bon SSkib unb Ätnb, alle«' ftrömte 
ben «Sammelplä^ ju. SBon ffier au8 * ging e« ° in« gelb, 
jum Änrnpf für greil^eit unb SBaterlanb, icoju ein er= 
l)e&enber Slufnif be« Äönig« Don 'preufeen an (ein SJoIt 
aufgcforbert l^atte. Sluc^ grauen unb ^unflfrouen natimen 

:s begeifterten Slnteil an" bem ffiampfc 6er SRünner; öiele 

btaäftea t^ren ©c&mud bar, anbere gaben i^re ©rfpamiffe 

^in, tntl ober TOenig, lote fte e« »ermoi^ten, anbere uer^ 

pflegten unermllbet »erltunbete ober franfe ©olbaten. 

3n biefer ^eit ber Dpferfrcubtgreit unb ÜSegeiftcrung für 

ro bie greif)eit S)ciitfrf)lanb« begaben ft(§ brei grauen »on t^= 
rem Sanbgute nat^ SSerlin. 3n bcm ©aft^ofe in Serltn, 
»0 fie abfliegen, lag eben ouf ber SBtrtStafel eine gebrudte 
SBttte um' SSetträge für bie Sßerteibiger be« SBaterlanbe«. 
Ston ber grauen leerten gleich i^re ©elbbörfen auf einen 

u„i,„. ..Google 

2>neT; bobet )og bie ehu Don i^n no^ Ut {Ringe ab unb 
legte fie bei, bie onbcre i^rt O^nge. 

ein gtäulein Bon ' Bifmtim (fie ift im ^afyct 1875 fle= 
ftorben), bie fic^ in btr ©eftOfc^aft befonb, toor fe^r atm. 
<S>tt \äfautt oergeblic^ in i^re @etbbÖr(e; ba nar nichts bar= 5 
in. 8n i!jren Ofiren Ijatte fie feinen ©(^ud befeftigt, 
unb i^t ginger trugen (einen 9fing. 

3n i^ren SJugen, bie unffitUfürlid^ na^ trgenb' einer 
@a6e fud^lxn, glänjten grofee Srünen. ©eben iDoüen unb 
nichts l^aben, ba9 tut »ef»! m 

©te trat on ein Jenfter unb Ber&arg i^re Xränen. S)ie 
onberen Jtouen »outen fie jart berutjigen. „"Sloä) nie," 
fügte fie, „^at miti^ meine Slrmut fo gebnidt roie jeljt. 3d6 
l^obe n>eber ®elb nod^ @ef(^meibe, unb boi$ möd^te iät fo 
gern' etttwä für mein SSoterlanb geben." 'plölälic^ aber is 
iDor i^ befümmerte« ®eft(§t roie mit einem ©trafite ber 
greube ertem^tetj „^ä) iiobe bodi noc^ etluaS!" rief fie 
aus. ©^neü fi^dte fie naä) * einem ^erü(Jenmad^ unb 
ließ fic& i^r ^aar, ba« fel^r ft^ön unb blonb mor, obfi^nei= 
ben/ 3)er ^erüJenmoi^r jol^tte t^r gern über fünf laier » 
bafUr, unb mit ftiOer ©eelenfreube legte grihtletn uon 
©^mettou ben ISrliW auf ben leHer. Der SBeamte, ber 
bie ©oben einfammelfe, »ema^m bie ©atf«, faufte" bem 
^erüdenmae^er bie §oare miebcr ab unb lie^' fie in gol= 
bene Kinge faffen. 9iun Woßte iebermann einen folc^n* as 
9ting tragen als ^nfjeic^en btefes fü^ünen Opferö einer 

u„ii„. ..Google 

74 ^teä Qt\tbad, 

beutf^ 3unflfrau für il^r ißaterlcmb, Sie fe^tug t^t 
§erj nor greubt,' aH fit prte, bafe t^re ^nate bec Äaffe 
melft als 1,200 3;aler einfletragen Ratten. 

69. ®tflttt 
®ellert rtoüte eiflentlic^ ^rebiger' merben. SBeil er ober 

s an einec unübeminbliii&en ©d&üc^fernliett litt unb bie Äan= . 
jet m<i&t ju betreten iDagte, unb HkU feine ©efunb^eit für 
ben erWäfilten Söeruf nic^t auäreit^te, fo entfc^Iofe er fi(§, 
noc^bem er feine ©tubien' »ollenbet fiatte, ?e^rer ju mer» 
ben. SSon feinem fei^S unb brei^igften SebenflJQ^re an fin- 

lo ben Wir i^n al« ^rofeffor an bcr Uniöerfität in ßeipiifl. 
„35te SBere^rung unb Siebe, toetc^e er oon allen jungen beuten 
genofe, War aufeerorbenttid^," fagte @oet^, ber au(§ al« 
©c^üIer ju feinen i^üßen* gefeffen f|ot. Tiie ©tubenten 
Betef)rten in itim niäft nur i^ren Sefjrer, fonbem juB'cii^ 

15 tf)ren Oöterlii^en greunb, ber iljnen in alten Slngelegen^iten 
mit 3tat nnb Sat jur ©eite ftanb." 

9iid&t geringer hjar bie SJere^rung unb ?iebe, ntläje [Id^ 
©eitert a(« 5)ic^ter erroarb. ©eine föftlic^n fabeln unb 
Sieber fonben i^ren 2Beg bi« in bie ärmfte §ütte. 3)a8 

«> behmfen auc^ mand&e fleine ©rlebniffe. 

©nft fafe ©eitert furj Bor SÜJeifinad^ten an feinem ©direib= 
ttfdi. SDa flopfte e8 ' an bie %ür, unb ein Sauer, bie SWüge 
»erlegen in ben ^änben bretienb, trat ^eretn. „So^nt ^er 
ber §err ^rofeffor. Welcher bie fi^önen gabeln unb Siebet 

95 gefdirieben t|at?" fragte er fc^üditem. 

u„i,„. ..Google 

«tftca 2((ebu* 75 

„Sawo^r, riebet SWann, 6er bin ic^. ©a« iDünfd^t 3^r 
benn bon mir?" 

Jiäj, ber ^rt ^rofeffor «ollen ' flütiaft eittfc^utbigen, 
bnfe ic^ mit einet gro&en 93itte lomme! ^df »oQte nttra= 
li($ bitten, ba^ i^ubet iBrennffotg Don mit anjunefimen, bue ; 
eben Bor ^i^nm ^oufe abgelaben Wirb, ©ie Werben ffia^r« 
fc^inlid^ ni(^t »iffen, luie fltofeen X)anf ic^ 3^nen {(^nlbig 
bin, unb ba möi^te ' i(§ nii(§ gern et(enntlii§ jeigen." 

„Si, Wie Eommen ©te baju,' liebet SWann?" ftogte ber 
!J)id^ter etftaunt. „SEBte unb toann fiabe id& S^nen @ute8 k 

,SIi|, liebet .gwtr ^tofeffot, mein Sßeib unb id^ ^aben 
un8 in guten unb bbfen S:o8en on 3()ten ißüc^nt etfreut 
unb aufgeri^tct, liaben übet 3f|te gabeln — nehmen ©ie'8 
nic^t Übel ! — ^tjlic^ gela{^t unb in 3^ten erbaulichen Sie= ij 
bem unb ©prüd&en reiti^n Itoft in bet fd^nwren Ätiegäjeit 
gefunben. Über meine XUt Iiabe id^ ben ft^önen ©pruc^ 
bon S^n gefd^tieben: 

©eniefee, TOa« bit ©Ott befi^ieben, 

(Sntbelire getn, naS bu nii^t tioft; x 

®n iebet' ©taub fyit [einen ^rieben, 

Sin jeber ©tanb l^at [eine Sa[t.'' 

70. Set 3R«ler 
(Sin fluger 9Malet in Slttien, 
!Ber minbet,' rceil man t]^n bejal)lte, 
ai8 »eil et S^te fui^te, malte, a 

u,ü,i,„. ..Google 

Stffe ehim Ämner einft ben SWare' im 95ilbe fe^n 

Unb bot fic^ feine SWeinung au8. 

Der Äenner fagt' if)m frei ^erou«,' 

3)o6 i^m ba« Silb niiiöt ganj flefotlen mottte, 

Unb bag eö, um rec^t ft^ön ju fein, 

iBeit minbcr Äunft öerroten foQte. 

3)er Sffoter Wanbte »iele« ein: 

!j)er Äenner ftritt mit iltm au8 ©rllnben 

Unb tonnt' i^ bod) nic^t tlbertmnben. 

&lnä) trat ein junger @ecf ^retn 

Unb na^m baS SSifb in Sugenfc^ein.' 

„O," rief er bei' bem erften iSItcfe, 

„3^r ©öttcr, met*'^ ein afinfterftüdEe!« 

31^, ntlii) ein gufe! £>, »ie fltfc^ictt 

©inb nid^t bie tRägel auSflebrüdt! 

äHarä lebt burc^aue in biefem 3ilbe. 

9Bte Biete ßunft, Wie »tele ^rat^t 

3ft in bem ^Im unb in bem @i!&i(be 

Unb in bei SRüftung ongebrac^t!" 

3>r "SJiaUx Warb befc^ämt, gerü^ret 

Unb \at) ben H'enner Fläglic^ an: 

„Vtm," fprac^ er, „bin idi überfüfjrtt; 

3^r ^abt mir nit^t ju biel geton." 

!E)er junfle ©cd mar faum f)inQuS, 

©0 ftri(^ et feinen Ärieg^flott au«. 

u„i,„. ..Google 

Srftrt SeleM 77 

71. Sie Sage »pm Vliiiifetitvnt 

auf bem erjbifc^öffid&en ©tui^le öon äKoinj (a^ Einfl in 
altet 3"f "" ©'"^te ofjne ^rtenliebe. J)cr äWammon toor 
Jrin (Sott unb (ein ^j [»ort Wie ein gelfen. §otto ' fain= 
Tnelle §oufen ®olbe6, [ammelte tmb fpeit^erte bie reic^ 
3e^ntfrüc^te' be« iötStumä auf, unb bo« nrrae «oH litt ; 
aKonflcI unb 9(ot. SKifetoa^« ' fu^te ba« 8anb f)eim. 9hn: 
iioc§ Wie ©chatten fd&Iid&en bie armen in SHainj ^enun, 
Pesten um' Sorot, imb §Qtto erbormte ftc^ nic^t, obtDO^I 
feine Som(ommem gefüllt luaren. X)o fummelten fti^ einff 
Biete §unberte* ^al&Wr^ungerter armen Dor bem ^alafte « 
k8 ©ribifi^ofS, erhoben itjre jittemben §änbe ffefjenb unb 
fi^rien ' um Sßtott Unb efl fall fie ber ©rjbift^of imb fle= 
bot, bafe man fie in ein leer ffettenbeä ©ebflube ge^n imb 
l&arrcn loffe, ' bis er if)nen SBrot gitbe.' Site nun ba€ orme 
ffioIE im ©ebäube toax, liefe er e« an alten Hier @cten on= i- 
fteden. 3n ^rjierreifeenben Jonen jammerten bie Une 
gtü(f[i(^en. §atto I^Örte ben Jammer i^cer lobegqual unb 
fprac^ mit TOilbcm ^o^ntac^en: „.^ört, ime bie Somniiiufe 
pfeifen I" 

SSJo« ift ba9? SBa« mimmelt ba unten? SBa« arbeitet « 
fid& in bunfetn Raufen au8 ben brennenben Jirümmem ^t= 
Bor? Ig« ftnb aJiüufe! ©te Etettem ju loufenben* an 
ben Sßauem beä ^otafteS empor; fie bringen burc^ jebe 
Öffnung ein. Sffien fuc&en fie fo ^aftig? .gtatto, bo« gitt 
bir!" — §otto8 $aar ftrüubte fii!& empor in TOilbem Snt= "• 

u„i,„. ..Google 

78 erfteä Stfebudi 

[eisen. 1S)tT ©(^reden ber SBecgeltung ergreift U)n. (58 
fmb bte „Äornmttufe," bte bort in ben glammen fo fltäfeUcö 
gepfiffen. (5r eilt in feine tnnerften ©emäc^er, fd^Iießt 
ongftBoH iebe ^uge, jebe ©palte. Umfonft! ©ie i)erfol= 

5 gen i^n Überaß; fle toerje^ren ieben SBiffen, ben er jum 
SPhmbe führen miQ. 9U(^tfl reitet, nit^t« fc^ü^t iljn. <Sx 
fliegt ^oftifl nod& SBingen in fein fefteä ©c^lo^ fillopp. Äaum 
ift er in ber SSurg, ba erf<i&etnen auc^ bie ißerfolfler in tou= 
fenbfac^ ' bfirme^rter 3lnjaf)l. 3(ir geüenbe» pfeifen erfüllt 

10 bie SBurfl. (ä« ftnb ©ottes ©traffleric^te. §atto, prff bu 
bie Äommöufe pfeifen? S)a trifft fein irrer SBtid ben 
lurm bort im JRltein: bort, benft er, Ift JRettung! 3m 
gctoöl&ten Xurmgemat^ Iä§t er fc^eH in eiferne 35räf)te 
fein SSett Rängen, befteigt bann ben Äal^n, burd&fc^eibet bie 

IS f^äumenbe 5'"^' ^nbtt unb fc^liegt hinter ftc^ bie eiferne 
Pforte be« lurmeä. §ier ^offt er enbli^ be8 ©i^Iafe« gr* 
qujdung,' bie er nirgenbe gefunben.' 

3)ot^ faum ift er brü&en, ba Wimmelt ber ©tranb Don 
ÜRftufen. ©ie ioufen eine fleine SBeile am ©tranbe l)in 

ao unb ^er, bonn fpringen fie furditio« in bie branbenbe glut, 
burd^fc^roimmen fie, erftettem blijjft^nell ' ben gelfen, ben 
lurm. §Qtto, nun bift bu Dertoren! SBo^I f|brt man 
ben getlenben Stngftfd&rei. 33ann Wirb e« totftille.* Mt" 
manb wagt ben Jurm ju erfteigen. @rft naä) brei Sagen 

*5 tooKbringen eS furi^tlofe SUc^er» nnb fiel^e — §attoß ent« 
Peiff^te« ©ebein ftarrt bie Äommenben an; bie SO?äufe aber 

u„i,„. ..Google 

nwren »erfi^mimben. ©ettbem ^§t ber lurm her äJJäu' 

A 72. SnefbPten 

1. ^ne' iBoIittte in ^ari« nitr Ireppen l^oc^.' @tne3 
a:flfle8 mar et ausgegangen; al« er jucüdfe^rte, empfing i^ 
feine Jrau fi^on cm ber lür unb erjä^lte i^m im lone be« 
SBorlDurfS, ein ganj alter §crr [ei ' ^ofl^ptefe^i unb f}abt iffu 
fprec^n »ollen *; fie ijabt ben alten §erm fe^r bebauert, 
bafe er gong umfonp fo ijoüf ^abe' fteigen muffen, ^ne 
befa^ bie 5ßifitenlarte. „Iröfte bic^, mein ffinb," fagte er, 
„ber Sßann ift fc^on l)ö(ier gefticgen, als ju unS." S8 nax i 
bie filarte Slleyanber »on §umbolbt«.'_** 

2. 3)}ofeg ä)!enbelSfo^ ' tvar ^anblungsbiener bei einem 
Äoufmonn, ber ba« ^ulüec nid&t erfunben ^atte.* 9Jiofe« 
roor ein fe^r frommer unb meifer 3Wann. 3!)eSÖalb Würbe 
er bon ben ©eleftrten feiner 3'it tjoc^gead^tet unb geliebt. < 

/ Sr tterlor ober feine SSefc^iben^t nic^t, unb war ftet« mit 
^ feinem ©(j^cffale jufrieben. Sine« läge« fam ein greunb 
ju if)m, ai9 er eben an einer fetir fi^njeten faufmännifc^n 
SRec^nanfgabe arbeitete. „63 ift bo(^ ©(^abe," guter 5ßo= 
feS," fogte biefer, „bofe ein fo auSgcieii^neter Sopf," Wie bu = 
bift, einem SJIanne ume Sorot" bienen mufe, ber bir nt(i&t 
ba« Saffcr reitet." §aft bu ni(^t me^r SBeiet)eit in bct= ' 
nem fletnen ginger <iii er im ganjen geibe?" 3Kofe« ftedte 
bie ^tbtt l^inter« Otjr, fat) feinen greunb rul&ig an unb 

uwi..=^ ..Google 

80 Srftc« fie[c6u(4 

fagte; „So ift fe^r gut fo, mie e« ift. !E)ie SSorfe^ung fwt 
e3 nwtfe eingenistet; berni fo fonn mein §err Bon meinen 
2)ienften 9}u^ gie^, unb ic^ tfabt ju teben. SBäre ti^ 
ber §trr unb er mein ©d&rti&er, i(§ fönnte i^n nic^t brom 
5 c^en."' 

3. 3n ben fünfjiger ^a^ren' fugte einmal ber franjöft= 
fc(K @efanbte am :^erltner ^ofe ju einem berühmten beut= 
^ä)tn ©t^riftftepcr, bog bie beutfc&e ©prad^ bo^ mit bet 
fronjöfiff^ in gar feinem SBergleie^ ftänbe.' „3)ie !S)eut' 
lo fd^n," fo fnfic ber ^ranjoft fort, „finb ntc^t im ftanbe * ba« 
genau au^jubrUden, nad (ie fagen tooUen. ^ie ©prad^ 
ift t)lum{) unb unbeliUflicS. @S ift ein folci^r SBuft Don 
SBörtem, bie burü^auö überflüffig ftnb, bie »ielfaeö nur ba«* 
felbe fagen, fo bafe man \iä) au« bitfem ?abflrintt| ntc^t iu= 
15 rei^tfinbcn fonn. 3&rer ©prac^e feJ&Ien* eben bie ^""^ten, 
»ie fie bie unfrige* ifat" 

„9tun, ii^ Tenne bod& meine äHutterfprad^ ganj gut," ent« 
gegnete i()m ber £ieutfcl^e, „aber bas ift mir noc^ nic^t auf< 
gefallen, bafe bei un8 ' jmei SBörter gan^ biefelbe S^ebeutung 
«> fjaben." 

„33o (önnte ' ic^ 3t)nfn boi^ einige öeifpiele nennen." 

„@o? 1)0 bin ic^ boc^ begierig." 

„Shm, jum SBeifpiel: nennen unb t) e i fe e n." 

„3)urctiaue ntd^t!"" ertoiberte ber ©d^riftftetler. ^äf 
IS tonn meinen 3)iener hjotit ^ e i § e n, etmaS ju tun, aber 
nic^t nennen." 

u„i,„. ..Google 

«ipefl £ctcbu4 gl 

„$m, aOerbingd, ba fxiBen ®ie Stecht/ aber bann: f p e i< 
f e n unb e f f e n." 

„Ofi nein, @te T6mim jum ^tfptel ^unbert Slrme f )) e i' 
f e n aber nic^t e f f e n." 

„X)a ^aben ®te au(^ nieber 9ted(it, aber nun: f e n b e n s 
intb ft^tden?" 

„Srft ra^t nic^t,* mein $err. ®ie finb xo6i)l ein @e» 
fonbter aber fcln @ef i^idter." * 

:£)em @efanbten fod' Don ba an bte beutf<^e ©ptac!^ 
noii) unfqmtiatif^r genxfen (ein. >o 

73. JB«ii<t »äOnUttS 
©8 War einmal* etn 99auer, bei bem ging'8 »on ^af)x ju 
3a&r mebr ben Äre&figonB.* ©ein SBieff fiel' ©tild Dor 
©tüdt/ feine Sder trugen nid^t bic §ölfte Don bem ein, toaS 
fte tragen mufiten, unb bie anbogen fingen bereite an buri^ 
ben SRotl ju fe^n, luaftrenb ber @ericl^t8BolIiiet)cr faft fflö» is 
c^tlit^ jum t^enfter ^ineinfa^ unb ^öftic!^ grtlgenb ju iiim 
Iprac^: M tut mir leib," §err SlücfWärta, Sm^ belflffigen 
ju muffen, aber idf mufe meine ©diulbigfeit tun." ^\)ve 
©d^uIbigWt mit 93itten unb Sfiaten nnb §e!fcn I)atten ouc^ 
bereit« feine greunbe getan, aber einer nac^ bem anbem »ar «j 
enblid^ mit ber SrHärung ba^m geblieben: „3!)em JRüd» 
»ort« ift nii^t me^r ju Reifen."" 3)a mar aber einer, ber 
Ijatte ba8 §erj auf bem rechten glecE." SEüie er mit bem 
^cfhittrt« einmal hinter bem @Iafe fag, braii^te er roie 

u„i,„. ..Google 

82 SrTtcS Sefebui« 

burd^ S^\aü bie Üfebe auf bie ©potjen unb etja^Ite öon 
btefem luftigen SBöHc^en bteä unb ba8, mie zav erftaunlid^ 
fte ftc^ mef)rten, »ie fc^fau unb flefrttßifl fie Wären, unb ber 
JRüdroärtS nidte boju unb meinte, feine SißeiienöcEer trügen 

5 feit lange nü^t mef|r fo gut, olfne 3^fs' föttren bie ge= 

fräfetgen ©paläen baran ft^ulb.* X)er greunb liefe itin bei 

feiner ajjeinung roib fuf)r fort: „aber Siac^bor, ^obt ^Ijr 

benn fi^on einen TOeifeen ©paljen gefeljen?" 

„9Jein," gati ber iRüctiuärt« jur Slntroort, „bie ftier ber* 

10 umfliegen finb alle grau." • 

„©laub'*" rtofjl," faßte ber ^ac^bat, „mit bem Weisen 
©pafeen bot eS fein eigen Sefflenben.* alle 3a&re (ommt 
nur einer jur SSelt,' unb »eil er fo abfonbetlicb ift, fo bei= 
feen ibn bie anbeten, unb er mufe fein ^utttx am frü^ 

ij HWorgen fuc^en unb bonn »ieber junt 9iefte geben." 

„XiaS fflöre!'" fagte ber SRütfioärtä, „ben mufe id) fel^nt, 
unb gelingt'S,^ fo fong ic^ ibn auc^." 

3Im nttc^ften SJIorgen in üHer grübe* loar ber Söauer ouf 
ben SSeinen unb ging um feinen §of benim, aucb ein ©tüdt= 

30 lein in« gelb ^ndn, ob* ber loeifee ©pafe nif^t balb Dom 
9?efte Ittme.'* 3lber ber rooltte nii^t fommen, unb ba« öer= 
brofe ben SÖauem, aber no(b mebr, bafe audi fein G^finbc 
nii^t ou« bem 3iefte moÜte unb bocb ftonb bie ©onne f(^on 
^ocb. ©agu^' fd^rie bo« Sieb t" ^n ©taHen, unb e8 »or 

35 niemanb ba, ber if|m gutter gab. 

Unterbe« fietit et einen Änedit über ben ©of fibieic^n, 

u„i,„. ..Google 

(SifteS Qt\tU<lb S3 

btt einen ©act auf ber ©diulter trügt unb fc&neU sum ^of^^ 
totf tiinou« irnll. 3>ent eilt er nac^ unb nimmt if)m bie 
Saft ab; benn in bie SDhl^le follte (ie nic^t, fonbern in« 
SEirtÄ^au«, too ber Änet^t ftarf ouf ber Äreibe ftanb.' 

9ifld6 bem metfeen ©pa^n fe^enb, \ä)ant ber Sauer in s 
ben SuI)ftiK ^nein, Wo eben bie SHoßb einer 9Jad&barin bic 
Tälii} jum SWorgenfaffee burc^S genfter reitet. „Sine fau= 
bere SBirtft^aft ba« !" ' benft ber 93auet unb tueett fc^ltenb 
(ein SBeib unb erflärt, baä lange ©t^lafen muffe* ein tSnbe 
^abtn, ober er molte' nii^t SRüffWärt« Reiften. Unb bei '» 
\iäf fetbet' ben(t er: „©telie i($' frü^ auf Wie Iteute, fo mufe 
flU(^ ba« ©efinbe auf bem §ofe l^erau«, unb babei fel)e i(^ 
am @nbe ' bo(^ ben meinen ©pafeen, unb ttiill'8 bas ®Iürf,' 
fo fanfle 'vi) ii)n au(^." 

Sßte aber ber iSauer bae etlic^ SBoc^n getrieben t)atte, 15 
^a faf| er nid&t meljr nac^ bem »eifeen ©paljen, fonbern 
bälgte flOetn an feine SStrtfdiaft, unb au« bem ätUcfloärt« 
warb bafb ein SBormart«. Unb a\€ ber 91ac&&ar mieber 
fam unb i^n fragte: „Sie fte^t'ä,» ©eOatter," ^abt 3l)r 
ben roeifeen ©paijen gefeiten?" 3)a löd&elte ber Sauer unb «> 
brüJtc bem greunbe bie ^anb unb fagte: „®ott lofjn'ä 

74. Snrjftagen 

Sfn bem 9Jegimente be8 berühmten, Bon gnet'ri'i^ t"*"! 
©rofeen" fto(§ßee^rten ®eneral€ bon ^wtcn" ftanb" auti^ 
ein 9?ittmetfter," mit 9lamen" ffurjfiagen. @r toar fing 2s 


84 <£Tfl<^ Settbu« 

unb topfer unb fiatte ein finbltdöe« ©emüt. ©ein« Slteni 
Waren arme Sonbleute^ in SRecflenburfl. 5PHt bem SBer= 
bienftorben^ ouf ber ^nift rücfte et not^ SSeenbtgung be9 
(iebeniöfjrigen Krieges' in ^ari^im* ein. 3)ie ffiltem iDa= 

5 ren »on ifirein 3)örf(i&en nad) ber ©tabt gefornmen, um 
t^ren ©o^n nac^ 3fal^ren hiieberjnfe^, unb entarteten i^n 
Quf bem 3Warfte. 8(18 er fie erlannte, fprang er rafdd öom 
'ißferbe unb umarmte fie unter ^reubentränen. Salb bar= 
auf mußten fie ju i^m jtefKU unb fie a^en aUejeit an fet= 

10 nem £ifc^, auc^ Wenn er nonte^me @äfte ^atte. 

iginft fpottete" ein Offijiet barüber, bafe Sauetn bei ei* 
ntm SHttmeifter ju Sifc^e ffifeen. „SBie foHte idf ni(^t bie 
erften Sßo^ltäter meine« geben« bonEbor ai^ten?" hjac feine 
StntiDort, „tf)e iü) be« Sönig« 9iittmeiftec mürbe, iDor id^ 

IS i^r Äinb." !D(r brabe ©cneral bon 3wten prte »tm bie= 
fem SBorfalle unb bat' fic^ felbft nac^ einiger 3eit mit me^* 
reren SBDntel)mcn bei bem SRittmeifter ju ©aftc. 3)ie ßltem 
be« SRtttmeiftet« »ünfi^ten bieSmol felbft, nit^t am lifi^ 
ju erft^einen, ttieil fie fi($ Dertegen füllen toürben. 3(18 

90 man fic^ feljen tüoütt, fragte ber ®eneral: „Sber, Äurs= 
^agen, »o finb benn 3§re Sltetn? S^ bente, fie effen 
mit ^iftien an einem' Sifc^c." ^Der 5Rittmeifter läd^Itc 
unb iDufete nl^t fogleic^ ju antworten, ©a ftanb 3«ten 
auf unb ^olte bie SItem felbft l)erbei ; fie mufeten fi^ rec^t« 

aj unb linfö an feine ©eite fe^n, unb et unterhielt fi(^ mit 
i^nen auf« freunbltd&fte.* Sl8 man anfing, ®efunb^ten 

u„i,„. ..Google 

ouSjubringra,' na^m tx (ein ®ta3, ftonb auf unb fprac^: 
„SHetne Ferren, e8 ßilt bem SSol&lerfle!E)en ' biefer brawn 
Sltern eine« öerbienftBoüen ©o^nefl, ber un6 beiteift^ bofe 
ein banfborer ©o^n metir Wert ift als ein hochmütiger 37itt> 
meiftet." j 

©päter fanb ber ©tnerat ®elegen^it, bem Äönige Don 
her Knbltc^en Stc^tung 3u erjagten, Voä(i)t ber Mittmeiftet 
feinen @It<m erroie«, unb griebric^ freute fic^ felfr barüber. 
SW Surj^aflen einft nac^ SBerlin (am, luurbe er jur fönifl= 
lid&en lafel Aejogen.' „©Ör' @r, Mittmeifter," fragte ber lo 
äfönifl, um feine ©eftnnung ju erforfi^en, „Bon »elc^m 
^aufe * ftammt ©r benn eigentlich? äßjer finb feine (S.U 
tem?" „®m. HKajeftöt," antwortete Äutjliagen o^ne SBer* 
leflcn^it, „ic^ ftamme au8 einet SBauem^ütte, unb meine 
ettem finb IBauer^Iente, mit benen iiH) bo« ©lud teile, bo« 15 
ic^ ®h). aßoieftiit' Berbanfe." 

„©0 ift'8 red&t," fagte ber ÄÖnig erfreut; „loer feine (äl= 
tem achtet, ber ift ein e^renloerter SRann; Wer fie gering^ 
f^äjjt, terbient nid^t geboren ju fein." 

75. Sic ttopeüe 

3m lieblichen Sfecfartale," eine äReile Bon ber UniBetfi= so 
tatsftflbt Sübingen' entfernt, ließt baä Dorf SBurmlinflen. 
iJn unmittelbarer 'Ül&ift beßfelben erl&ebt fic^ ber S[Burmtin= 
ger SBerg mit einer freunblic^n, bem l&eiligen SRemigiu«' 
fleweifilen Äopefle.' JßJunberfc^Ön ift'8 auf ber luftigen 

u„i,„. ..Google 

86 STfteS Ztftbtui) 

$Ö^, reijenb nimmt baö ffitr^Iein ftc& au«, rat^üdmi» Ift 
bie 3lu8[i(j&t, meiere bort bem Suge fie^ eröpet. Äein 
SSunber ba^c, bog bie Sewo^net Sübingend [o oft bort< 
tiin eikti, imb bafe SKaler mb 33tti^ter mit eiiumber »ett=> 

5 eifern, bie ©i^ön^t be« SBJurmttnflec Serge» unb (einer 
uralten Äopeüe ju fc&ttbem unb ju preifen. Um ba8 
Äirddlein liegt ein fleiner grieb^of. §ier iff 8 frieblic^ unb 
(tiß, unb feit nncrbentltcfien 3wten trußen bie SBeluo^ner 
be« !Dorfe8 Surmlingen i^re Xoteu hinauf jur legten 9Iu^> 

» ftatte. 

%n einem fd^5nen ^rtifttage bt9 ^a^^reS 1805 machte ber 
junge 3)ic^ter gubmig Utilanfa' »on feinem @etmrt«= unb 
So^norte S^ilbingen aus einen (Spajiergang in» i^rete unb 
(am bis nac^ SBurmlingen. %U er in bie 3)orfftcafee ein= 

« bog, natjte ein 8ei(^enjug; ein alter firtegec toar efl, ber auf 
ber luftigen §ö^ jur legten 9tu^e gebettet merben fottte. 
UntoißrürUd^ fc^Iofe fit^ Utrfani) bem S^9f ""• ^oc^ un= 
gefäfir einer falben ©tnnbe hior ber grteb^of erreicht, »o 
ber Xote unter übUc^m @ebet' unb ©efong beftattet nnirbe. 

» 9Iai$bem bie emfte geier Oorüber mar, ging Ultlcmb in bie 
ÄapeUe, unb al3 er ba9 innere be8 Äirc^leinS genau be= 
tra(^tet tjatte, üerfügte er fl^ toieber in« greie, um fid^ aud^ 
ba« Sufeeie beäfelben ntttier anäufelien; befonber« fnc^te er 
irgenbWo eine Sa^reSja^I ober einen Slamen ju entbeden. 

»5 SBalb fiel fein 931ict auf nne an ber SSüdfeite ber Äapelle 
angebrachte XafeP mit ©c^riftjeid^en. 3)i"><^ niai^ bie 

u,ü.i,„d ..Google 

Stftte Sefebu^ 87 

©cgnftjüee fc^on jteinltdd Derimttert, glelc^tDo^l Qetong t» 
U^Ianb, biefelben p enträtfcln. 3)te ^nft^rift lautete: 

„3118 ®raf 31nfelm, ber im je^nten 3a%r^unbett über 
bie ©raffdjaft 6atm fierrfiftte, fein na^e« tSnbe fülilte, 
berief er feine ÜDienerfe^aft unb befahl, Wenn er geftorben s 
[ein JDürbe, feinen ©arg auf einen mit fd^lDarjen ©tieren 
befpannten SBagen ju fe^ unb biefe ottne gü^rer bal^in= 
jie^ ju laffen, roo fie aber fte^g blieben,' eine Äapeße 
ju erbauen unb i^n ju beftatten. ÜWan befolgte nun 
wirCltc^ feinerjeit biefen legten SSiUen bed ^rm; aU w 
man aber ausging, bie ©tiere ju fud^, fanb man fie ^ier 
auf bem Serge; bo« Äirri^lein rourbe gebaut, unb ber 
®raf in ber barunter befinbltc^n ©ruft betgefelät." * '# 

®anj befriebigt Von biefer ISntbecfung langte U^Ianb ein 
Iaf(^bu(§ fieroor unb notierte fi^ biefe 3nf(j&rift. <Sbm v 
^atte er biefe fleine SIrbeit Boßenbet, al« ft(^ bie T&at einer 
.^irtenpfeife tteme^men liefen.' igä »aren bie gieren 
SWelobien eine« bcfannten Siebe«. Uttlonb ^ielt Umfc^au,* 
ob er ben ©pieler Bießeit^t erblide. SnbUc^ (am unten' 
im XaU um eine S3uf(§f)e(Je ^rum eine ^be ÄtUte, ^in* «> 
terbrein aber ein ffno&e — barfufe, in blauer ludijade, wei- 
sen SeinttKinbl^ofen, ein mit rotem Sanbe umtounbeneS 
©tro^^tc^n auf bem FrauS^aarigen ^opfe — ber tunge 
§irt mar e», ber feiner einfach ©(^almei jene Jone ent= 
locfte.' „©0 unb nlc^t anber« ift e8," fpra^ U^tanb im ^s 
' $crabfteigen, „Seben unb lob begegnen fi^ gar oft, bamit 

u„i,„. ..Google 

mir im Sebeit uitS mit htm XoU bcfccutiben, im Xoht ober 
baS Seben ^aben." 

3)iefm ®ebonfen ftetite U^Iotib bonn in aKflemeiner^e= 
beutung bar in feinem ^errltt^en Siebe: ,S)ie Äopeße": 
s Droben ftel)et bie ÄopeUe, 

«Schauet ftttt in« lat ^inob; 
3)nmten fingt bei SSieS' unb OueHe 
^to^ unb fieft ber ^irtenFnab'. 

Xraurig tünt bae ©löcflein nieber, 
B ©c^auerlt(| ber Seid^enc^or; 

©KDe finb bie fro^ Sieber 
Unb ber Änabe laufest empor. 

©roben bringt man fie ju ®rabe, 
SHe ft^ freuten in bem Xal, 
5 ^irtenfnabe, ^irtenfnabe, 

3)ir and) fingt man bort einmal. 

76. Site mtt'.mtihtt-.wmit 
SBei Spolba' in ^öünngen liegt bie StIte=aBeiber=9mi^te. 
©te fietit imgefttitr au8 Wie eine grofee Äoffeemü^Ie, nur 6a6 
ni(i&t oben gebreltt Wirb, fonbem unten.* Unten ftetien 
o nämli^ jtoei groge ^alFen ^rau8, bie bon jtoei ^luc^ten 
angefofet »erben, um mit i^nen bie 9KüI)Ie ju brefien. Oben 
nierben bie olten SBeiber tjineingetan: faltig unb budlig, 
otine §aarc unb 3it^ne, unb unten fommen fie iung wieber 

^rouS; [(^muil unb totborfifl wie bie SSorftttpfet.' SDHt 
ttnrai SJJole Umbre^n' ift'8 gemati^t; hiacf unb hadf gefit 
ea/ bafe e« einem bun^ 'Sflaxt unb SBein* fä^rt. SBenn 
man bann aber bte, n>el<^ ^rau^Fonimen mtb toieber iung 
geiBotbcn finb, fragt, 06 e« tiit^t \ä)Xiitii<i) W^ tut, ant= 5 
iDorten fle: „Sieber gar!' SSunberft^ön ift e8l Ungefäbc 
fo, h)ie wenn man frü^ oufmac^t, gut auSgefc^Ia^ ^at unb 
bie ©onne tnS 3^*"!"" fct)etnt, unb braufeen fttgen bie iBö= 
gel unb bie ©ttume rauft^en, unb man fi(^ bann noc^ ein» 
mal im Sett orbentttc^ be^nt unb redt.' 3Da Enactt'e auc^ m 

(Se^r Weit »on Spotbo ioot^ntt einmal eine alte grau; 
bie ^atte auc^ baoon gekürt. ^ fle nun fef;r gern j|ung 
gemefcn luäre/ entf^Iofe fie (ic^ eines ütogeö turg unb ma^tt 
fi(^ auf ben Seg.' @8 ging jttJar langfam; fte mufetc oft 15 
fte^n bleiben unb t)uften, aber mit ber 3*it' 'i*" f" bo^ 
borwärts unb enbltc^ langte fie rid^ttg bor ber Sfüble on. 

„^ä) mö^te reieber jung luerben unb mii^ umma^Ien 
laffen," fagte fie ju einem ber ^ec^te, ber, bte ^ünix in 
ben §ofentafcben, Bor ber SÖHt^te auf ber Söant foß unb au8 so 
fetner pfeife SRingel'" in bte bloue 8uft btte«. „S)u lieber 
©Ott," IM«" ba« äpolba tDcit ift!" 

„SBie ^ei&t 3^r?" fragte ber Snec^t ßö^nenb. 

„^it alte aWutter tiapproten!" 

„®e|;t (Sucb fo lange auf bie Sani, 3Jhttter Älapproten," 35 
fagte ber ^ec^t, ging in bte Wiü^t, fi^Iug ein ^uäf auf 
unb tarn mit einem langen 3ettel ttiieber l&erau«. 

u,.„„. ..Google 

90 ■ Srlle« Selefeu^ 

„3ft hJO^I' bie SReti^nunfl, mein junger* froflte bie ältc. 
,9 betoo^re!"' ertoiberte ber ffnec^t. „3!)a* Ummo^ten 

foftet ni^ta. Stber 3^r müfet juBor baö t)ier unterfc^ret' 

s „Unterfi^reiben?" »ieber^iolte bie alte grau. SBo^ 

meine arme ©eele bem Seufel Derf (^reiben? 9Iein, ba« tue 

t(| ni(^tl 3(i& bin eine fromme grau unb l&offe einmal in 

ben $immat gu fommen." 

,®o f(^Itmm ift es nic^t !" ladete ber Änec^t. „%u\ bem 
lo 3ett6f ftf&™ t"!"* "De 2:ot£)eiten »etjeic^et, bie 3^t in 

(Surem Seben begangen tiabt, unb jnjar genau ber 9iei^ 

uac^,* mit 3fi' u"'' ©tunbe. S^ 3^r ©uc^ ummoölen 

la^t, müßt 3l)r. (Sui$ Berpflii^ten, Wenn 3^r nun toieber 

jung getoorben feib, alle bie lorfjeiten no^ einmal ju ma» 
15 d^n, unb jmar genau in berfelben ^Reihenfolge,* »ie'8 ^ier 

auf bem Settel fte^t!" 
S)arauf befa^ ec ben 3^**^1 ""'' f'^fl^ ff^munjetnb: „grei» 

n$ ein 93i^d)tn Biel, 9)hitter Älapproten, ein Sifec^en »iel! 

SBom fei^jetinten bis jum fec^Suubjroanäisften SebenSia^re 
» täfltic^ eine, ©onntag« ' attwi. 9lac^^r loirb'S beffer. 3Iber 

anfang«* ber SBieriiger," ber loufenb,' bo Eommt'« noc^ 

einmal bide!* 3"^^^* U*'^ i>ie geWö^Ii^!" 

Da feufjtc bie alte unb fügte: „3l6er Äinber, bann loljnt* 

eS fic^ ja gar nic^t, fid^ umma^len gu laffen !" 
»5 „ijreili^, freiließ," entgegenete ber finec^t, „für bie mei« 

ften'° lo^nt fit^'« ni^t! ©orum (laben wir aut^ gute 3"tj 

u„i,„. ..Google 

Srfte« Stltbui^ 91 

ffeben {Ifeiettafle tn her SBoc^ unb biie ^Wü^te fte^t iminer • 
fttQ, juntal feit beit legten 3a^ren. i^rlt^er mar fi^on * baS 
©tft^ftft etwas lebhafter." 

„Sft eS benn' ni^t möfllit^, ttKniflften« etoa« auf bem 
3ettel au8juftreid6en?" fragte We 3Hte nod^ einmal. J&lo9 5 
bret ®a(^, mein ^unge, oOefl anbete Witt id), wenn e« 
nun einmal [ein mufe, n^ einmal madfm." 

„9Iein," antwortete her Änee^t, „baS ift unmöglt^l. ®nt= 
roebet — ober!" 

,iRel)mt nur ßuren 3^**^1 mieber," fagte barouf bie alte »o 
5rau no(^ einigem Sefinnen, „idi fjabe bte ?uft an' @urer 
bnmmen SKü^lc üerlorenl" unb machte fifft totebet auf ben 

^18 fie aber ju ^aufe anfam, unb bie Seute fie oetniun:^ 
bert aufaßen unb fügten : „Slber 9)hittet Ätopproten, 3^r 15 
fommt ja gerabe fo alt TOteber, roie ^^x fortgegangen-feib! 
(28 ift iDolil niil^t« mit bcr a«ü^re?"*-~^uftcte [k unb ttnt= 
TOortete: „O ja, e« ift molil ttWaS baron'; aber ic^ l^atte gu 
gro^e 2tngft, unb bonn — ma« ^ot man benn " an bem Si^« 
i^en Seben?" «> 

77. momn' 

Om ?nnbe ber ©emnonen' jmifti^n Ober unb Slbc 

bcfanb fid^ bad größte $unbe«E|eiIigtum ber fueuifc^ 

©tämme. (g« mar bieS ein Ijeiliger $ain' mit ber Sitb= 

(äule txs ^riegSgotteS SSioban. %t9 mtti^tiger Senfer ber 

u,.„„. ..Google 

92 erfleä Sefebudi 

• ®iSfia<fftm, aU erhabener ©diU^r in iebmebem ^am)}fe 
galt Mefer @ott für txn borne^mften unter ben germani= 
f(^n Stfen.' ©urc^ i^n nur gab e« ©Ufl unb SBeutt imb 
o^ne i^n toor, fein §immet. S5kr ni^t in feinem ©ienfte 

5 ftanb, b.i). luer ni^t im ffompfe fein Seben Berlor, bem öff= 
nete er uic^t hie 'ißforten Stöafiiatla«.^ $atte olfo jemanb 
einen ruffigen, natürli(^n lob gefunben, [o mufete er aI8 
ftummer ©d&atten ^inabtoanbem in bie Unterroelt, in ba8 
9teit| bcr bleiben §ela.' Irouriß fc^ritten ha bie ©c^ot* ■ 

xo ten an einanber Borüber unb nur bur^ leife« ©ummen Oer> 

mochten fie ft(| gegenfeitig i^re klagen mitjuteilen. ^a 

gab eS teber ffampf, noc^ ©piel, ncx^ 3:ranf. @8 war 

ein trauriger, freubcnleerer Ort. 

aSie gang anberfl erging eS ben gefallenen Reiben! ©ie, 

15 ober aud^ nur fie,* fi^iuebten ^tnouf in SSJobon« einige §ira= 
raeieräume. S)ort lag ©al^aHa, eine grofee, fc^öne ©tabt 
mit 500 Xoren. §ier war ber ©otinfilj tapferer 5Diänner, 
I)ier füfjrten fie ein ^errlid^e« Seben, benn fie tonnten i^ren 
tiebften ©erootin^iten folgen, itire Sieblingsmünft^e erftll= 

30 len. £!äglid^ ritt SÜSoban mit ibnen ^inau^ uor bie 2;ore 
ber ©tabt. ©ort tummelten fie i^re 3ioffe, unb ergöljten 
ft(| in luftigen kämpfen, ©ie burd^bo^rten fi^ mit ben 
©peeren, fpaltetcn fici& bie ÄÖpfe unb teilten fo genraltige 
$iebe au8, bafe Slrme unb 93eine umherflogen. SSkr aber 

as ber ßampf beenbet, fo fafeen aüe, al8 roüre nichts gefc^^n, 
ftieber gefunb unb frifc^ auf i^ren 3ioffen unb luftig ging 

u„i,„. ..Google 

eS ' nad^ ber ©tabt jurütf. X)ort wartete i^rer * bo8 3Wa^I. 
Sin langen lafeln fofeen fie bo unb fil^mouften t£)r ?ieb= 
linflSfleric^t, ben ©d&iDeinebraten. S)effen gab e« genug in 
SBalliorio, benn eS TOar boct ein «Sc^tuetn, namen« ®frim= 
mer, nwli^« immer ganj unb unwrfelirt blieb, Wenn man s 
auii titgltf^ groge ©tüde bauon abfc^mtt. darüber fceu= 
ten fid& bie ^nngrtg gcnjotbenen fiampfer über bic Sßafeen, 
fie ließen fid^ ben ©raten l)errli(^ munben* unb tranfen in 
langen 3ügen ben fßfttid^en ®erftentrant,' ben i^nen bie 
einigen Jungfrauen, SBalfüren" genannt, in fd^Önen ®efii= k 
§en ^erumrei(|ten. 

©0 badeten fii^ bie oltcn 3)eutf^ bas SRci^ i^re« @ot= 
teS SBoban. Äein Sunber atfo, Wenn ba8 geben ber freien 
©ucBen foft in beftänbigen Äampfc beftanb, im Äampfe 
gegen, frembe SBötfer ober gegen bie roilben liece be8 6ei:= 15 
mifc^en SBalbeS ! 2)atier galten ' aut^ HHut unb 2lu«baucr 
im Sampfe für bie ^öd)ften lugenben be« SRanneS ! (Sben= 
fo natürlich mar eä ober aud^, bafe bie alten ©eutfi^en iljren 
SSoban' über alle« »ereljrten, bo er i^nen bie ^öc^ften ®üter 
befeuerte. Unb TOo^rlii^, nii^tS glic^ ber igt)rfuri§t, mit k 
toeld^er bie ©emnonen unb anbere fueWifc^e SBölfer bem 
§oine fid^ nagten, metc^er il)rem ©Ott SBobon geheiligt »or. 
3t)re tiefe (S^rfurc^t gloubten fie burd& nichts beffer ouä^ 
brütfen p fönnen, olö inenn [it bem ®ott i^r ^öt^fteä ®ut 
jum Opfer brächten.' 3^r tibt^fte« ®ut War ober bie grei= a; 
^eit. !Do^er ttiogtc e« fein ©ueüe, bem §aine Stßobon« 

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94 Srfte« 2e{t1hic^ 

anber« ju nalien, aU mit gefeffetten ©tiebern unb tn l>c> 
tnUtigfter <Stet[uttg. deiner nagte aufjufci^auen, toenn bet 
^riefter btm ©otte opferte unb t^cn feinen SSillen öerftins 
bete. SBar ba« Opferfeft »orüber, bann joflen fie fi^ ge* 
s bUdt gurilcf unb erft augert)alb bee ^ains etiUebigten fte 
fii^l if)rer J^ffeln. 3)ann aber ertioben fie aud^ mieber ba8 
§aupt in ftoläem 'Sftuk, unb fc^ritten ba^in, frei unb tü^, 
toie fie gerömmen Waren. 



Pag« !• — !■ ktf. The neater f omi baS it often Dsnl as a demon- 
stiadve pronoun,mthout reference in Ihe gender or number of a predicate 
noun, and then may be rendered by eitber thü or lAal, theie oi ihose, — 
3. @ic, hcnii, is tbe genera] tetm in asking for Ihe quality of an object; 
hence it may be rendered by kow! what coliirf ■aihal skapii etc. — -3. 
fOKbEra, in this use, is commonly rendered in English by the repecltion 
of the verb, as ' it ia not brown ; it is black.' Though it would not bo 
incorrect here to use fie ifJ foi (onbern, Germans prefer the use of iDnbtm, 
— 4. The cases in nhich the article isotnitted in oidinary Geiman prose 
are quite rare and will be pointed out in these notes. As in English tbe 
article is often omitted in referring lo a subslance or part of a subslance 

Pag« 4> — I. aüet^' but,' in the sense of kmatvir. Note tbat fon- 
btrn Stands betneen two opposites or contrasts of which the first is 
always negative, — 2. If in, a numeral adjective, no, not a, always has the 
same form as the indefinite aitide. — 3. ^eit and Icin form diminu- 
tives from other tiouns. Such diminutives are always neuter, and, if 
possible, modLfy the stem-vowel ; hence, ber §unb, ta8 $iünti^en or baä 
^ünblfin. When a noun ends in t, thisendingisusually dropped before 
the diminutive endinga ; thus, bit Slumt, baS iSIÜmi^en or baS ^lümletn. 

Pkge 6. — I. bet Orfjd or b«C 04ff- A few masculine nouns origi- 
nally ending in t have lost this ending, thus becoming monosyllabic ; 
others, like Ol^{t, may drop the t or retain it. — 9. bul SUbl^cn, diminu- 
tive of baa Eitb, song {cf. p, 4, n. 3). — 3. Pergc^t' has the accenl on the 
last syllable ; Der, being a prefix, sbould never be accented. The verbal 
prefizes are : 6«, CMfi, eilt, tx, %%, Vtl, itt. — 4. Only five Geraian pre- 
üzes have the accent ; these aie^ aitt (occurring only in ^ntlvort), crj, 
IUt§, Ht, and generally nit. — 5. In ordinary German prose the article 
is also used before abstract nouns. Note, however, that it isftequentty 
omitted in poetry and proverbs. 

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IP. 7-W 

PrS« 7. — I. Cf, p. I, n. 4. — a. er (9u£Bi) fonas raany n 
nouns from veibs and other Douns. Such noans nsually denote an 
agent or instrument; thus, bei SJIgCT tagt, btr ajtaltl maft, iwr ^ttttr 
bettelt, bti yttitn leitet, etc. 

FaK£ 8. — I. Names of peisons tlke £ in Ihe geniüve, unless they 
end in e or a hissing sound, when they talte ng or tnS; thus, Aaiti, 
annoB, but aHatienl, gi^'l3Hl8- — ». The possessive adjectives havo tho 
same forma as Ihe indefinite aiticle. — 3. lebt lUlfi, it 'tili living. — 4. 
See Grammatical Appendix, 10. 

Pa^ 9. — I. Cf. p. S, D. I. — 9. in (suffix), together irith the am- 
laut, forme feminine nouns from masculines; thns, bei Sl^lsagei, bU 

©djteSfledn; bei gut^S, blf Süi^r'"; t*« flüiitg, bit Sfluigin. — 3. matt, 
em. indefinite pronoun. Cf. ber OTatin, the man. —4. Some nouns 
are used only in the plural; such are Slttm, fiarenls, ®t)if|lDtjter, trau- 
ers anä litten.- — 5. nt^t foUows the verb and its object, unless it nega- 
tives one pailicular nord and not the whole sentence; thus, StB-tX ^at 
bn« ®U(^ ni^t, but fiarl ^at iiti^t biiS Siii^, (onbtm ben SaQ. — 6. eine, 
hece the numeral adjective ime, has the same form as the indefinite ar- 
ticle, differing from it only in accent. In print it ig often distinguished 
from the article by spaced type. 

Pag« 10, — I. Sti leHHt, or bei SiOen. A few mascnline nouns 

in tu may drop the final letter in the nominative Singular. — 3. In ordi- 
nary German prose a genilive preceding Ihe noun whicli it modifies is 
used only wilh proper names ; ÄorlB SBrUbei. It is, however, frequently 
found in poetry and pioverhs. ^ 3. See Gram. App. 26 d. — -4. ^dttgt 
an, 'hangs^0fn.' The use of the prepositions is quitc idiomatic and 
often differs in Engtish and German. — 5. unteift^ti'bet au, 'distin- 
gnishes in.' — G. Pronominal or limiting adjective. See Gram. App. 3 
and 4. — 7, $tt natnca, orbeiSFIome; cf. p. 10, n. i — 8. falonetvle, 
as lang as. — j. trägt, earries or wtari. — to. an bellt WlnBUng«, ' on 
her imgfingei.' The definite article i% used in German instead of the 
possessive adjective when tbere can be no doubt as to the possessor. 
This usage occore mostly in referring to parts of the body or clothing. 
— II. klc 0tngClf|lil!C, Compound of bet "^Knuit, finget, and bit gpiljt, 
Point. Compound nonns have the gcnder of ihe last noun and tha ac- 
cent on the stem-syllable ot elje first. Cf. bei gingttnogri, bei Äinglinflei, 
bfi Sxinbtütfni, etc. 

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P. 11-lSl NOTES 97 

Pftge 11* — !■ These riddle» shoiüd be ansnered in complete sen- 
tences; tbus, b«T ©licfdfntt^t ^at hilltll So^n. The aiiaweis aie : i. bei 
Stitfillncifit, beotjack; 2. her ^<f)lagiaitm, loii-gate; 3. ber Sarteu' 

linig, king in a fack of cards ; 4, bet WeeteSlinn, arm ^/^ lie sea, 

itraü; 5. bie »linbehii, Wi«rf f»««"/ *Hjf,- 6. bfe SBinbrofe, rhomi- 

card. compassi 7. blld Xlinneltbanltld|Cn, fir-tree; 8. bie SSii^^lc, 
fRii^ waji. — a. gat lein ^arn, «o körn at all. Note the force of gOT 
befoTe a negative. — 3, im, contiaction for in bem. — 4. Cf. Giain. 
A[^. 10. — 5. aQ, pronominal adjective. See Giam. App. 3 and 4. 
— 6. get^ flbei, lit. 'goes over,' here lurpasiii, is bettir than, govems a 
noan in the su»:nsative case. — 7. teilt In, divides inte, governs a noun 
in tbe ai 

PAfre 18. — I. mit Meetn ben SrM, 'webendewrannj'; note that 
the Gennan uses the singulai instead of the plural in such caaes, vbere 
each one is bending only one ann. Cf. p. 10, n. 10. — 9. NounB in tiOK 
and verb» in terea, usnally of French origin, or fotmed by French anal- 
ogy, bave the accent on their »ufExes; thus SonJUBatfon', fonjugie'ren. 
The t in the suffii tini is prononnced tl. — 3. In address the Gecmans 
ose either bM in the Singular and ilJT in the plural, or ®{e in the Singular 
and in the pluial. ^n and i^r aie used among inlimate friends and 
relatives, to children, animals, and in poetry. Sie is nsed wheie no 
great intimacy eiists, and must alitays be stritten with a capital. — 
4. If a person is addressed by Sie, this pronoun muSt alvays be added 
to the veib in the imperative. — 5. The e of the inflexional endings eft 
' and et 19 nBually otnitted, but it must be inserted nhenever the ending 
cannot be ptonounced without it, as is the case m verbs the stem of 
which ends in b or t, fiuBffl, flnbft, or in nt or n preceded by anolber 
consonant except 1, m, ä, r, or % öffnep, Bffnet 

Pft^e 18. — t. The eof the singalar imperative isfrequentlyomitted 
in coUoquial language, especially when followed by an nnaccented sylla- 
ble. — a. ftnigeti, caUh, inflects its present indicative: idi fan(|(, bu 
fönafl, (c fangt, mti fangen, i^t fangt, jte fangen. — 3, The inßnitive (not 
che present participle) is used in German as an abstract noun of the 
neuter gender. It is then capitalized and usually has the ailicle. — 
4. [i^ {cognale wilh English ly) is the most common of adjective Suf- 
fixes. It is attached to nouns. verbs and adjectives; tbus tn(nf(^!i(^ 
(b« aRenfi^), berotglit^ (btnjegen). Such adjectives usually take the 
Umlaut : thus, btT !£ag, tägllc^. — 5- beßnu'Ö = befinne eS; beginn'S = 

u„i,„. ..Google 

98 NOTES [P. la-ia 

beginnt ti. — 6. Nouns in t are nsually feminine. Mascnline are the 
names of male persons oi animals, as, btr £nat)t, btr Od)ft. A few 
nonns aie neuter, as tat ISnbt. — 7. Tbc saffix t together witb the Um- 
laut forma many abatract feminine nouns from adjectives ; tlins, f^maife, 

wtai, btt @diniä(^e, laeakntsi, ifarf, bU StSrh, mann, bie 3Bännt, etc. 

— 8. laffCH, io lil (liere Ir lit alone, Itave eff) inftects its piesent indica- 
tive: i(^ lafft, bn lägt, » lägt, mir lafitn, i^v lagt, fi( laflen. — 9. mmi^, 
many a, pronominal adjective; see Gram. App. 3 and 4. — 10. in tic 
&<4Hle, lo sckool; in ber S4<*iCi '^ 'chwd. 

Page 14. — 1. ct. Gram. App. 10. — a. Jen, that, pronominal ad- 
jeclive; see Gram. App. 3 and 4. — 3. lä^t, here Uli enitr. — 4. bct 
SSifAtl^r ^'■''™ W'l^fn, tB wipt, p. 7, n. 2. — 5, The possessive adjective 
brin, IAy,your, is singulir informal, corresponding 10 Ihe personal pro- 
noun bu; cntl, yimr, is plural informal, corresponding to the personal 
pronoun i^t. — 6. ^abcn, /" hart, iiitlects its present indicative: il( 
tK<be, bu ^a|l, tt l|at, wir ^aben, i^c ^abt, fit Igabtti; imperative: f)abtl 
^btl ^bm @le! — 7. fiin, t» ie, inflects its present indicative: i^ 
bin, bu btp, tx '\% mir ftnb, i^ Itib, (it finb; imperative: ftt! ftib! Icttn 

FafelS. — r. no((|ni(^t, lit. 'yet not,'«o/j'rf. — a. %vMt% te held, 

inflects its present indicative; t^ ^1t<, bu ^ältft, er ^Slt, lutr ^nlten, l!rr 
^alKt, fw Wt«"; imperative: Ijolte! ^Itftl \a\VCR ®i(! — 3. in bit 
$anb, 'in my Hand' (p. 10, n. 10). — 4. Cf. lEfleU, to lay, and liegen, ta 
lit. — 5. 36f, yotr, is the formal possessive adjective, aingular and 
plural, corresponding to the personal pronoun <3te. Thts adjective lilie 
the personal pronoun must always be capitaltzed. — 6. Iaf(e il(|, Ihave. 
The inverted order of words, i.e. verb before subject, must be used in 
German whenever an adverb or any word not belonging to the subject 
begins the sentence. — 7. Üelemnien, to receive,get, never 'to become.' 

— a. begegnen, f mul, and anttnorlen, l« aHtvier, govern a dative ob- 
ject. — 8. MascuUne foreign words with the accent on the last sj^Uable 
generally add en in all cases eicept the nominalive singular; thue, bet 
9bDDlat, b(S SlbDOtattn, bem Sbuotattn, ben Slbnotaltn. See Gram. App. 
10*. — 10. anf ber gtragf, 'JB the Street.'— 11. nli^t »oftr, from Ifi « 
irid^t tDQ^r, ' is it not tnie,* phrase, commonty used after a question 
stated declaratively. It is best rendered in English by the repetilion of 
the verb, or auiiliary; thus, 'docs not CoBI anything, lAwj iV?' — la. In 
German S^x, jVr., and gfcait, Mrs., musl alicays be added before a 

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P- JM7\ M0TI3 99 

title. When thna nsed the articie is nsnallj' omltted, ezcept in die geni- 
tive case. Cf. the English Mr. Chairman, Afr. President. 

Pl^e 16. — I. Mascaline nouns in c add n in all cases ezcept the 
Dom. sing. ; thus, tm SttuU, M Snabtn, betn Snabm, bcn £nab<n. See 
Gram. App. lO 6. — a. IKlUt, ' now,' also used, aa here, independently as 
an exdamation : weii/ — 3. In the inverted order of nords a pronoun 
object iisually precedea a noun sabject. — 4. aoOl titt, aHatier,!li. 'still 
one.' — 5. Word» not properly nouns, bul used ^s nouns, are generally 
nenter. — 0. Cf. p. 11, n. 2. . — 7. Compound adverbs osually accent the 
last Element; ihns, oKttn'; cf. p. 10, n, 11. — 8. Almost any adjective 
may be nsed as adverb, but ia then Invariable. Cf, Giam. App. i, 

F*Se 17. — I. VCttig, ß'tff, pron. adj. (Gram. App. 3 and 4), here 
used adverbially. — a, vitX, muck, pron. adj. (Gram. App. 3 and 4). — 
3. ^eit and teil form feminine abstiact nouns from DOuns and adjec- 
tives; thas. bie Stdnlli^tctt (»inlli^}. bi( Sutnmliett (bumm). Theie is 
no difierence in the meaning of these suffixes, but tcU should be added 
to adjectives en ding in bar, K, lg, Iid| ^d Iam.~4. ^o^fi^utt, 4^A 
school, here used in tbe American sense. A German .£)oA|(^i![e has the 
ranit of a university. — 5. bur^ftobterett, fiom btx 8ui^|ta6e(ii), letler of 
tho aiphabet (p. 12, n. 3), — 6. Note the simple dependent infinitiv es 
after Imictl, where the English would say : ' he learns to spell (spelling, 
writing, drawing, etc.).' — 7. ig (cognate with English y in milky) b a 
common adjective sufüx, and is attached to nouns, adjectives and ad- 
verbs ; thus, fldgiB (b« iytttß). — 8. fttm (cognate with English samt) 
forma adjectives frora nouns, adjectives, and verbs; thus, aufmEtHaiH 

(aufmtrten); fur4rtain,/(ariBmc,ftmiy(Bi( JJur^i). — 9, Ufen, to riad, 

infiects its pres. ind. : iäf USt, bU lifft, er licjl, mit U\tX\, etc.; imperative : 
lies 1 t(ft 1 Ie((n ®U I — 10. Heft . . . trnt, from the comp, verb Mtle- 
fEU, to read alaud ft>, which must be separaied agair. in all simple tenses, 
the adverbial element Standing at the end of the sentence. Compound 
verbs have the accent on the first word and must be carefully distin- 
guished from simple verbs with a prefiji (p. 6, n. 3).— 11. at^ttl onf, 
•pays attention to,' with noun in the accusalive.— la. nfcbcrt|Dlt', üt. 
' fetches back,' here repeats. When Compound verbs are used in a fig- 
orative sense, Ihey cannot be separated, but are Ireated like simple verbs 
with a prefix. Cf. itft ^olf e9 Wtebfr, Ifetch iiback, and iifi roitbft^ole e9, 
/ repeat it; idft imtfrfd)eibe, / disiinguish. — 13. fitOt eine fftnge an, 
oj,Sj a queiHtm b/. — \i,. anf I>eiit[d), 'in German.'— 15. fflrri^ett, io 

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100 MOTKS [P. 17-a) 

tpeak, infteda JB pres. ind. ; 1<^ (1)r(d)t, bu (prli^fl, tt (ptti^t, »tt fprec^ra, 
etc.; imperative: fpii^l ItlKt^t I jpni^en ®U I 

Page 1S> — I. flbt ft^ im ^t^VH, fracHces reading. The reflexive 
form is used more largety in Geiman thaa in Englisb. Note that only 
the third person bas 3. speciöil reflexive form : {llt|, himself, htrself, iUelf, 
iktmselves (yaurself or yauriilve!). —^. flbcrft'tJCU, lit. 'to set over," 
here Ä> tranilalt (p. 17, n. ii). — 3. uns (cognate witli English ing) 
forma feminine nouns from verbs ; thuEi, tie Übung (üben). These nouns 
generally denote ttie acCion or the efüect of tbe action. — 4. geben, t» 
givi, inflects its pres. ind. : id) grb«, bu gibfl, a gibt, tciT gcbtn, etc. ; 
imperative: gib! gebt! Bfbcil©U! — 5- ^ fyM^t, ai ^ome. Thearticie 
is often omitted in idiomatic expressions. Cf. in htm $auf(, 'in tbe 
houae.' — 6. wog für, ivhai kind of 01 ■mhal ; pbraae usually f ollowed by 
the indefinite articie, — 7. Both the German and the Latin grammalical 
terms are in common use, the latter eapecially among persona who have 
atudied Latin. — 8. See p. 13, n. 4.-9. anltDDttm auf (inc gtofle, 
' answer, reply (11 a queation.' — 10. Strong veilja {with few exceptiona) 
change their root-vowel e (shoit) into i, and e (l^^g) '"'" ie, in theisec- 
ond and third persona singuIar of the present indicative, and in the sing- 

Page 19. — I. Slrong verbs changing their tool-vowel t to i or ie 
always omil the ending e in the Singular imperative. — a. Streng verbs 
are apt to modify their root-vowel a in the aecond and third persona 
Singular of the present indicative. — 3. Compare Ddt, before, and ftti, 
for—i,. an btrSltUt, 'i»(lhe)place.' — 5. auf bic )$<^aBe, i» anneer 
to iht quistion. — 6. ntai^m . . . jM, from ipxa&iiva, to dost (^. 17, n. 10), 
— 7. bit Sftnube, 'hour,' here Icsson, ricitation. — i. 8bielt (French, 
pron. obiB'), geod-bye. — 9. »nf Siebctfe^etl, a populär phrase meaning 
' I hope to see you again soon.' C£. the French au rnioir. — jo. Cf . ii^ 
BffHt bte Eür, lepm tht doer, but bie Sar öffnet fi*, the door opms (p. 18, 
n. i). — II. Cf. i(^ (e^ Ben <g\xA,\. I place tht chair,'bxA\iii\i\txa\ii„I 
tiat myself, sit dowH. Any transitive verb may be nsed refleiively, if the 

Page 20. — I. neunten, la takt, inflects its present ind.: ic^ n(i|m(, 
bu tiimmft, ff nimmt, mir nelim«!, etc.; imp.: nimm! utfimt! rf^mnt 
©ie 1 — a. tJK StilÄ Jheibt, a piece of ehalk. After nouns signifying 
measare or weight, a noun designating the substance measared is put in 
Apposition, Hnlesa preceded l:^ a modifying adjective; thos, ein ©tüÄ 

u„i,„. ..Google 

Stttüit, bat tin @lüif liidci Antt». — 3> Uerfca, t» thrim, inflects its 
pres. ind.: ti^ XOtx\t, bu tclifft, n tcUfl, IdU IDttftn, etc.; impeiaCive: 
iDtifl uttft! nittfen@U! 

Paffe 21. — I. Me|t, »<'>r^. comparative of titt. Compaiiaon : Di((, 
mt^t, nttiii, — a. «nZnge, 1^ day, i» tht daytimi. The preposition ta 
ii Qsed before days and times of the day ; thus, am SHoTgoi, in ike mam- 
ing, om SAtnb, in the evening. The only exception ia In bei iltai^t, a/ 
K^-iA — 3. The affinnative adverb ja, ^"1 is often used for emphasis 
vilhin the sentence, and tben may be rendered by such sxpressiotis as 
yau knaai, ef couTSt, whyl inäted, ta te mre, etc. — 4. fl^ Hcfllttieil, ti> 
reßect{p. 18, n. l). — 5. axf bCW £ambc, 1" lAt couniry {\.K., Hol in tbo 
dty) 1 but also, as here, <m land. Cf. in btnl Sonbc, in lAe land. — 6. Mit 
gefällt tä 3Sit«i is »erlin ? h>m dtyou liki Berlin f The impergonal 
form is used in German mach moie largely than in En^sh ; thos also 
irilh a latge number of verbs, not r^ularly impeisonal, with an object in 
the datiFE or accoaalive. ©(faDtninflects its pres. ind. ; ic^ gtfoDe, Bu gt« 
fällft, erfl(fättt,lBirB»faB(n, etc. — 7. MefKr 'thia one,' here tAe/atltr; 
thua also jentl, tAi/ormer. — a. IP^ tintaat, • stili once.' 
Cf. naäl tin, p. 16, n. 4. — g. Tbe comparative and Superlative of an ad- 
jective arefonned, as comtnonly in Engliah, by adding er and ft ot e0 to 

the positive. — 10. Bitte, for Id) bitte, /roy./Äaic — ji. etuaS lautet, 
a little loudir, lit. 'something louder.' Monoayllabic adjectivea usually 
iDodify tbe stem-vowels 0, D and x, bnt not ax, in the comparative and 
tapeilative. — 13. ft^t, ' very,' here, as often, very miuh. Distingnisb 
betneen |t^T and nid; the foimer lefers to degree, the latter to quantity. 
— 13. id| ^Btc iMner, lalwayi htar. In the normal order of words in 
German, no woid not properly belon^g to the sabject may stand be- 
tween sabject and verb. — 14. oof bcm %aI)n^ofe, >d/ the Station.' 

Page 22. — I. ii« bitjem Äugeiiblide, 'odhis moment.'- a. jornlg 
Sber, ' angry at 01 about' — 3. Note the force of gae before a negative : 
gac nidjt, 'not at all' \ gai Ittn, 'none stall' ; gar nli^te, ' nothing a/ 
oü: Cf. p. ii.n. a — 4. bie 6B4e fle^t Sie nii^M an, idiom, /*,? HIa^ 

ter deti not concern you, ii noni a/your Business. — 5. Bierbtn, to tecontt, 
inflects its pres. ind. : i^ TOttbt, bii IDtrp, tt luirb, tffr TOerbtit, etc. — 6. 
Comparison : gut, btRer, b(P. —7. The Superlative nsed adverbially or 
as a predicate adjective is preceded by an, and always ends in ca. — 8> 
Comparison : ^01^, Wcitx, W*ft- — 9- •'*, »f'^r a comparative, than. — 
10. tndfCti, to ireak, inflects its pres. in± : ii^ brcd)«, bu bi:i4j), ci; brt^t. 

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102 HOTBS [F.73-m 

mir iTtäftJi, etc.; imperative: brlif|I btt^tl brn^m @itl~ ii. ti, i-e. 
S)tutfc^lanti. The namea of conntries are, with few oiceptions, nenter. 
Feminine ore blt @(t|tD(t), ' Switzerland,' and a few names in ei, e.g. bie 
Xilltti, ' Tücke j.' Tlie ezceptioiis are alwaj's preceded b^ tiie defioite 
article. — la. tS pnii tU, i-i imaiiti/ iy, Ht. ' ii hatden on.' - — 13. tllS 
ffSniSni^ SaHtnarf, 'the Kingdom 0/ Denmaik.' — 14. hic »ort« 
unb bit DM», for bie Eßarblte unb bie D^tt. 

Page 2S. — I. Cf. p. 22, n. 11.^1. baS SHefexgebirBC, comp, of 
b(r Mtrft, ' giant,' and baS @(bitB*. ' mountainB.' 2»« ®«btrpe (also baS 
@ebtrB)( coUectJT« noun derived froro b«r ©trg, ' monntain.' Snch col- 
lective nonns are nsually nenter. — 3. boS StjgcMtge, lit. 'ore monn- 
Uins.' — 4. bcr BBtsttraoIb, Ut, 'Bohemlan forest.' — 5. btt X^iriK> 
flcmalb, Tkuringian Foritf, derives iCs name from a tribe of Germans 
inbabiiing this district in the Sfth Century. The name haa no political 
«gnificance now. — 6. ktt Sl^MlITjWalb, Black Forest, derives it9 name 
from tfae magnificent pine foiests. — 7. htt (also baB) Slfuf, Alsate, 
alway» precoded by the article (p. 21, n, 11). — 8. bie Sllftl ^elgabub, 
' the Island ^^ Heligotand.' — g. anbei: @|)»I, 'ff theriver Spree.' Tha 
names of Gennan rivers are with few exceptions feminine. Eicepdons 
are: brt ffl^etii, b« 3)]ain, btx'^tdo.x. 

Page 24.-1. $im|lt, '"ad, and neben, fenoV, are used to form 
many compoands : bic $aupt|labt, 'capital,' bie .^'''''bfftrafit, 'prindpal 
sireet," bU 9tebenflra6f. ' aide street,' bie §aub(ffl(^(, ' principal thing,' bi* 
9JebtnfaiI|(, ' unimportant matter.' — a. fallen, Äi/a//, inflects its pres. 
ind. like gtfotltn {p. 2\, n. 6). Verb» componnded with adverbs or pre- 
fixes have ihe same vowel changes as the simple verbs. — 3. bDI^, 'yet, 
neveitheless,' is often nsed tor emphasis, and then may be rendered by 
realty, surify, indeid, I dtdan, elc,^4. fafjren, sail, go, infleCEs itS 
pres. ind. : li^ fa^re, bu fä^rjl, fr fäf|rt, TOtr foftrtn, etc. — 5, Cf. p. 16, n. 
3.-0. Cf. p. ai,n. 3. — 7. %\\», thus, 10 ; never'also,' 

Paire 85. — I. nai^, refemngtotime,artW-; to place, ii>. See Gnun. 
App. 26*. ^a. Meiben bei, stick !•>. — 3. The verb is freqoently in 
the Singular after seveial snbjects forming a nnit together. — 4. ntU 
gcagen, " by aaking.' — 5. The neuter pronoun e^ is freqoently nsed Uke 
the English thtre to anticipale the following real subject; thus, fein 
9H(iflfi: fällt, or tS ffiHt fdn ajteifitr. — 6. Adjective» in er, t\, en usnally 
omit the e inalltheirinflexionalendings: or,if tbiiis not possible, the e 
of their word-ending ; thas usnally, unf(r(e)n, unlfr(t)e, uiit«(e)in, bui 

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P. 26-28] NOTiS 103 

unK«)tt, UVX,t)xn. — 7. 1U» ^Olj, 'o/ wood,' ref erring to materlal. — 8. 
SU SRtatte, pliual, bU äKtnutcn. In gcneral, feminuie nouna form 
theii pluial b; adding r or Ell to the singnlai ; nouns ending in c, tt, tl, 
take n, the otheia nt; thus, bU Slumt, btt %tlumett; bie @^ttieflcr, bte 
©i^tDefltim; bU U^t, bU U^nn. 

Page £6.' — l. Numerals -used aa nouna »re fenücdne (p. i6, n. 5). — 
3. gegeaAbn generali; fotlonrs the noiin it govems. — 3. (odl clf ttll, 
half pasi Itn a'cloci. — ^ (^flÖttt USI (dat.), 'to protect /ran." — 5. \fM 
vxb ^, ta andfro, The adverba of direction ^in, ' bence ' (avay fron 
the Speaker) and ^r, ' hither ' (toirard the Speaker) form manjr com- 
poands with oCher adveibs; thns, ^inouS, ^tioue, [|tnein, f)crtin, tuo^tn? 
roo^er ? — 6. tei jcbim ^tnbtlWlog (,*«»''* every swing of the pendulum." 

— 7. eS gttt, with an object in the aingaiar, Mw/ wy with an object in 
the plnial, there an, The pbiase denotea mere existence, and mnsl be 
distinguished from ba (ji and ba finb. — 8. föic ge^t Cd bir? 'ii'a' are 

youf iit. 'how gMsit to youf (p. zi.n. 6). — 9. Saatc, for t^ bout« 
bir, Ilhaniyoa. The verb governs a dative object. — 10. SBJe titfinhcfl 
bnbtt^, syn. of tDiegc^t tBblr(noteS). — II. (anfnt, tanm. inflectsits 

pres. ind. : f(^ lanje, bu läufjt, «r täufi, inii: taufen, etc. — la, c8 ift gleii^ 
nenn, it will be nim prisently. The present lense is frequently osed 
instead of the future in German. ®lei(f{, iqttal. Hie; with reference to 
time, immidiattly, at once. — 13, trff, anly, refers to time; nnr, only, lo 
qnantity.^ 14. WOlflr nnaccenled and sometimea spelied IfOl, is very 
frequent in questions stated declaratively, and then may be rendered b; 
I supfoie, /gwets, I wondtr, perhaps, etc. 

Paffe 27. — I. WKtKtWÜit.vihato'clKk.iehatHmt. — ^. Shttnitb 
an imperative makes the requeat more aigent, and then corresponds to 
the English ^»i^, do, pray, eXc. — 3. In general, masculine and neuter 
nouns take the ending e to forni theplural. Of these the monosyllabic 
masculines, with few exceptions, modify the stem-vowel. — 4. Cf. p. 25, 
n. 3. — j, l&itf, * wit, joke,' but berein its original meanin g, rAuon, sense. 

— e. The dative plural adds n, unless the noun already ends in n in the 
nominative pluia]. — 7. bct S^^Sr P'- ^'' S'^ff*- Nouns in § preceded 
by a Short vowel change ^ into ff before all inSexional endin gs. — S. 
trftnntn mt, 'recogniie or know iv' 

Page 28. — l. Snol or bnitnal, Ihrte timei. Numeral adverbs are 
fonned by adding mal, '■>" or tima, to the cardlnals. Carefully distin- 
guish mal (also baS SDIal) from bte 3dt. — 3. bei Xag, fl- btt SJifle, 

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101 NOTES [P. 2S-81 

without nmlaut. Cf. p. ^^, n. 3.-3. aQt tPiet ^oftre, niery fimrth 
year.^^. Cf. p. 31, n. S. — 5. tm^if^tU, to riie, aaA xmttX%t%tn, lo set, 
are iiaed only of the sun. Cf. flufjie^en, tu gtt up, risi. f«^ (i|j(n, te lit 
dman. — i. Httt JWBIf Uf)t, 'at twelve o'cloclc' The prepoüüon um is 
used to eipre99 the hour of the day. 

Paye 29. — i. f^IoftXi '" ■''"/> inflects its pres. ind. : i(^ fi^Iafe, bu 
T-^taf jl, er fi^läft, mit li^lafen, etc. — a. jn Bett B'^fn, /o^ A» #«/, rrfw^. 

— 3. The namea of the days, monChs and seasons are mascnline and 
are usually preceded by the definite arlicle. — 4. einigt and etlf^e, 
temt, prononüna] adjectives (Gram. App. 3 and 4). Of these two adjec- 
tives etntae is the most common. — 3. Note that the Erat elenienl of a 
Compound noun frequently takes the termination of tbe geniüve case; 
thus, Sa^rtjrlt = 3(it beS Sa^Ke. 

Page 80. — I. f&t,/or; preposition govenüng the accusative caso 
(Gram. App. 26c). — a. jirtiten um, 'to qnarrel ovtr.'^z- \tl\ta, to 
help (with dat. obj.), inflects its prea. ind.: ic^ ^(tfe, hu ^llffl, tx \\V\i, mir 
^etfen, etc.; imperative I|ilfl ^dftl Reifen @iel — 4. ber Gnnböhici^t, 
hired foot-soldier of the ijth and l6th centuries {p. ig.n. 5). — 5, bcr 
$COer, farihing, a small copper coin deriving its tiame from Ihe city of 
Halle, where it was coined. Wbile the woid is still used, the coin is no 
longer in circulation. At present Gennan money consisis of iDtatE and 
^ftnnig. One äÜart equals 100 9pf(imlg, and this is equal in value to 
about i Cent. — 6. linteTTill)ttU, imtmct, unreal Compound. 

Page 81.— I. bae ffittb, pl- bie fiinbtr. About fifty neuter noans 
(nearly aU monosytlabic) and about a dozen masculine nouns take er to 
form tbe plural, and if possible always modify the vowd of the stem ; 
thus, bae öaiiS, bie §fiu|(i; bae Ärauf, bie Äräutet. See Gram. App. 12 
and 13. — a. ntcllieTe, smcral, pronombal adjective (Gram. App. 3 and 
4). —3. Masculine and neuter nouns in et, eljfn, ifien and (ein, also two 
feminine nouns {9Jlulter and 3!oiI|tEt}, take no ending to form the plural; 
thus, bae äintmer, pl. bte ä'*"""'^' S"*^ feminines and a few mascu- 
lines take the umlaut. See Gram. App. 12 and 13. — 4. boS Slbgc* 
f 1^0^, greundfloor. In many parts of Germany the ground Soor, Or Grst 
Blory of a house, is called Stbgefdjoß, while the name ©torflwrt refers 
only to the stories above tbs fiist; henceour second story «oald be tbe 
fitst Stotfioert. — 5. \o\% such, pron. adjective (Gram. App. 3 and 4). 

— 6. Tbe prefix ge is also added to many verbal stems to denote the 
iGSult or Dieans of an actioa (p. 23, n. z). If neuter nouns having the 

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P.M-M] NOTES 105 

prefiz ge also have the ending t, they do not tak« utj ending to form 
Ihe pluial — 7. It^ü^ $'9** (also cor, p. >6, n. 4), ' protect /rom.' — 
8. ein Rnb WtS, '» and out. The English in, as preposition, in; as ad- 

P»ge 82. — I. Bei bem »ai, in ihe tmUding. — %. bie tSanb, pL 

blt 3BänD(. About thiity monosyllabic feminine nouns add e to fonn 
tbe pluml, and always modify the vowel of the stem. See Gram. App. 
12 and 13. — 3. Vieletlti, many kinds ef. The ending (r[tt fonna varia- 
tives from other numeials: ttntrltt, brtitrlfl. — 4. nfw., foc unb fo 
mtKttX, and to on.^*,. VifTtn, <o inom, inflects iW pies. ind.: i(^ W€t6. 

bu Wttfit, et m«t6, üjU IDifffn, t^t Wigt, fit R)i(ltii. 

Page 88. — I. btflc^tit «tS, 'consist o/.' — i. anS (also Bon) $oIj, 
'o/wood' (p. 25, n. 7).— 3. beidiMm a;i(if(tnef)rt,;iiiatable-knife.' — 

4. gnin ®^nelbtn, '/er cnttjng.' 

Pase 84. — r. baS KätFtl, /*« n'rffl'/c, from ratm/to guess.' The 
Suffix ftl or fal, fonns nouns from verbal stems. Such nouns aie, with 
few exceptions, neutec. The answers for these riddles are : i. btC 
»aum; 2. bU Äitfil)<; 3. b« $Qnb|*ii^, £/m#; 4. un(« SBlIb tm ©pli- 
BtU — 9. bct fienä, poeilc fot b« grü^Iing. 

Page SS. — I. Some duds belong to wbat is lunally called the 
niixed dedenaion, i.e. theytake the endings of the strong declension (S 
or ti) in the genitive Singular and those of the weak (n or enl in the 
plural; such nouns aie baS 9ugt, bcS Stugt«, btt 9usen; baS O^i, bcS 
O^rB, bie D^cen. — a, [fftn, /u ^oft inflects its pres. ind. ; i&, ef((, bu tgt, 
« (fit, mir efitn, i^r eßl, fit (fl«n; imperative: ig! egt! tfTm @U! 
Verbs, the stem of which ends in a hissing sound, generally su&er con- 
traction (due to rapid prouunciatlon) in the second person Singular ; 
thus, bu igt for bu ifftjl. — 3. pUcin, 'alone.'but as conjurction, honi- 
tvtr. — 4. gltti^Ctt, '1 >" 1'^'. iqual, always govems a dative object. — 

5. nnffl ^liat, '" " ^"iV, or exaclly. — 6. bct Stcfndji "'■"'■ Of visitor; 
thus, t(^ moi^e (tuen ©tfui^, ' I pay a visit ' ; rofc fabelt 83e(uii(, ' we have 

Page 86. — I. baö ölgemaibe, i>iV/ä(ff/(V^(p. 31, n. 6). — 2. Note 
the pronundation of l> in foreign words like English v (Safe, Kotwuiber), 
in Gennan words like/(8attT, Dltt). — 3' htcinal hCR Sag, ihm ümet 
aday. Note the useof the definite article. — 4. jnm gtüSjlüd, '/«■ break- 
fast. The article must not be omitted before the names of meala. — 5. 

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106 NOTBS |P.36-aS 

(ottfl tttaaS, smuthing tln. — 6. The present tense is f teqiteiitljr used in 
Gennan insleail of the Eoglish petfect piogr«S9lve to denote an actioD 
beguQ in the pasi bat still continued in the present. Tbe words feil or 
f4pB frequently accompany the present so used : thus, |eit einigen Sit« 
(^en jilnbfn Wie ble Pampt an, 'for aome weeka we have been lightii^ 
the lamp." -— 7, gl[i[l| na4 b"« Sfl'", "S^" "ß*^ ntpper (p. 26, n. 1 z), 
effen, here, as often, for Sbtllötffea or aÄtMagefftn. 

Pa^e 87. — l. lent, giadly 01 viillingly, in conjanction 'with verbi, 
is best rendered by ' to like,' ' to be fond of ' : thua, li^ ft^Iaft nti^t Bern, 
' I do not like to sleep.' The comparative of gern is Ittl)», and the su- 
peilative, am Ilttpen. Cf. \Af ttinft '^tt gern, ' I lue (to drink) tea ' ; 
i^ trinle fioffee litbcr, 'I like coSee better,' or 'prefer coffee'; Idj 
ttlnte aJlili^ am lie&jlen, ' I hlte milk best.' — a. angcrbem, mirriover or 
ieHdti ; Compound of the preposition außcrwith the demonstrative pro- 
noun her, bi(, 608 (this, that). — 3, fillben ft^, an fatmd or are to bt 
found. The passive voice is mach leas used in Geiman than in English, 
and is frequently replaced by a refleiive form. — 4. ^fingen is really the 
third peraon plnral of the causative weak verb ^ngen, to hang (b/), 
which in the present tense is qnite commonly used for fangen. Tho 
latter verb indects its pres. Ind.: ii^ ^ange, bu ^3ne|l, tt ^Sngt, lt>ir ^an* 
gen, it(t ^angt, fi' VBf«-^S- >«»< fioc^en, 'i« cooking.' The prepo- 
sition bei with an Infinitive noun conespond» to in with verbal nonn in 
ing. — 6, btent jnr Sufbttonlining, 'serves/or keeping' (p. 33, n. 4). — 
7. See Gram. App. 7. 

Page 8S. ~ I . eng tut cinnnbet, lit. ' dose bj one another,' deie b>- 
getker. — a. ben Reiben, lit. ' the both,* tke tme. Note that beibe fol- 
lows the article and often Stands for twe, nhere there are only two. — 
3. a«(or an) beibcll Seiten, 'ort both sides.' — 4. flelft nton, are tan. 
The German frequently nses man with an active verb, where the Eng- 
lish would prefer a passive constrnction (p. 37, n. 3). — 5. btn gaajen 
$08, all day or tke tntire day. Cf. aUe iEage, ' every day.' — 6. in bte 
^ad)t hinein, inte tke night. An adverb is often added after a oaun 
governed by a preposition, to deßne more nearly the relation expressed 
by the preposition. Cf. the English 'from this day on.' — 7. bOiS @e' 
bränge, frombrängen, 'tocrowd, press'(p. 3i,n. 6). — 8. \t^&fiX%Ü, 
0/ every descriptian or kind; jegUd^, pron. adj. ; Gram. App. 3 and 4. — 
g. bie tSqvi^ge, pronounce g like i in ' pleasure.' — 10. boS SPInfcnin, 
pl. bie 3}tu|een. A few neoter nouns in tun and enm take 8 in the gen. 

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P.38-4I] NOTES 107 

üng. suid ica and ttx in the [dival (p. 35, n. i). — 11. A few noans, 
piiDdpally patticiple* and adjecÜTes D*ed as nouns, aie declined like 
qnali^ing adjecdves; thiu, bei ^atnU, tia Sßtamta, bit Stamtm, 9t* 
amt(. — la. btu Bot^ll filftttu, tafireside. 

Faire 89. — I. trtcnirt nun Irii^t an, " taiiiy ncogniad by (p. z^, 
n. 8 ; p. 38, n. 4). — a. Whenever a pronominal adjective U pteceded 
bj the definite artkle or anothet pron. adj., it ia declined like.a qnali- 
fjing adjective 1 thn», an dncm Snlie, but an betn ttnni Cnbt. — 3. gnm 
@«tt(8UCHft 'for divine aeTvice.' — 4. bit ScMtC, tht piofU; cf. p. 9, 
n. 4. — j. Comparatives and saperlatives are declined like positives. — 
fl. %n Sawe, pl- btt fiSiDev ; bct (SIcf nri, pi. bU ISItfatUen. Masculines 
in c take v, and mascnltDe foieign noun» with the accent on the last 
s;UaUe uaoally take n to fonn the plaial, but never modify the stem 
vowel (Gram. Af^. 13 and 13)- — 7- bei S3r, pl. bt( SSärtn. A f ew 
monoSfllalHC mascnlinei, mostty those irhich fonnerly ended in e, take 
CK to form the plural ; thoa also b(T ^XX, pl. bit Vetren ; bti C(^e, or 
Od|(t, bit Oi^ltn (Gram, App 12 and 13). — 8. ge^tu ftmiicnit, phiaae, 

lakeawalt. — q. f&iitintJÜ.a!»tX'i>XMUXiit\i,atihib{giitmnge/dari-^ 
tust; tintctttnbis the present participleof tlie Compound verb eintreten, 
■to enter, atep in.' The participles, botb present and past, are verbal 
adjectivea and must be declined like qualif ying adjectives. — 10. felfift* 
tefeeilk, lit. 'apeaking for itself," of ceurst. 

Pa^ 40, — I. fl^if^ar, navigabli. The mffiz bat, coiresponding 
to the English aili 01 ibli, foims many adjectives from verbal stems, 
and eometimes also from nouns; tbus, Itebai, 'readable, leglble'i 
biniflbaT, ' serviceable,' etc. — %. Comparison: nat|, nl^er, näd^f). — 3. 
na4'# etcafD, for mad^t tS ebtnlo, do the tarnt. -~ 4. ftt bte äBelt ^JRtii, 

into the laorld (p. 38, n. 6). — 5. DOlt Dtt jB Dtt, from place ta place. 
Such phrascB, ai a mle, do not take the article. — e, bct lOneD, but btl 
Cueü*. Noie the Variation of gender. 

Pa^ 41. — I. tli^cnb, present paiticiple of blähen (p. 39, n. 9). 
— a. ker Stihter, inhabilant afa cily. The suffiz tr added to nouns 
often denotei an inbabitant ; thns, SSttltn, bn Setrllntr ; also a func- 
donary, ber @aTt(n, b(r ©firtnet ; cf. p. 7, n. a. — 3. fte^cn in Serbin' 
bmg, are cettnectid. — 4. auf Sttfen unb gelbeim, ' 1« the meadows and 
fields.'- 5. U>9(rcab, preposition governing the geniiive caae (Gram, 
App. 260). — 6. After eintfle, Btrtt, and toentg« the adjective foUowing 
usually ooits tbe final n in the nominative and stccosative pliual ; tbus 

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108 NOTES [P. 41-0 

Dlrit fltt6tg(, for üielf pdfiigen. — 7. im Süifona, •»« the beginning." — 
8. btr Sauer takes h i» all casea singuUr and plural, except in the nom- 
Inative singnlai'. — g. |ei XaQtSaniTU^, 'o/ daybreak.' — 10. bamU 
c8 . . . tinfnct, «> tftat st driis . . . The transposed order of words, 
L e. verb at the end of the clause, is required in German in all depend- 

Page. IS. — I. Cf. p. 41, n. lo. — a. Whenever the dependent 
danse precedes, the maln sentence haa the inverted Order of words. — 

3. IllttK i)tittrim @t(ang, iinging ikierfuily. The prepositjon mit« 
frequently denotes simultan eonsness. — 4. afecitbS, in fhe evening. The 
genitive of nouna was, and still is laigcly used adverbially ; bence the 
adverbial Buffix S in many adverbs derived from nouns, as, oiKnbB, ntoc* 
genS, jfbtnfallS (surely), etc. By analogy tbu t has become ft common 
adverbial suffii, and is frequently applied to feminine noons, or adjec- 
tives, where it could not be a case-ending; thns, na^U, 'at n^ht'; 
ltn(8, n(^lS. — 5. II. bgl. for unb bttgltlt^ni, and tht Uke, atid ethtri. 

— 6. feUlft, "If, when it follows the woid it modifie»; and evta, 
when it precedes. CMi^ felbp, 'I myself '; Idbll Itf], 'even I.' — 7. bic 
lStClf||)ilIll1C, Compound of flet^cit, ' to piick,' and bie ^ßalmt, ' palm.' — 8. 
The pronouns o£ the third person, referring tO things without life, are 
raiety used in the dative and accnsative after piepositions, but are re- 
placed by bu (or befoie vowels bfll) with the preposition appended; 
thus out cf it =^ baroue' ; ^nith it = bflntit'. Sometimes, as bere, ba le- 
placee the demonstrative ' this' or 'that,' and the Compound is then ac- 
cented on bu ; Ihus, out ofthis = bac'auE ; teiti Ihis =^ ba'tnit. — g. Cf. 
p. 40, n. 5. — 10. ^nnllhS, barmJeti; the sufBi means 'lese' or ' with- 

Paye 48. — l. The answera are : 1. SWan ge^t in9 bwljt^nte 3al|r ; 

— z. iDtiIrt tnelff rodg' ®*at< S'**; — 3' fetntaflleltfidi, kis ejual; — 

4. bi( nttnlien ; — 5. bie ©Bti^itt;— 6. baS SBJort „anb" ; — 7. ba« 
Salb ; — S. bie in bit WXit, bann gc^t er micber ^tnaue ; — 9. tdne, 
bfibt brtnnmlflrj«; — 10. ouf b«Sonbtarte; — n. Wtnn bsr ^unb t^n 
bttßl ; — iz. um b<n Sopf Wann ju polten ; —■ 13. (in Du^ub (dozen); 

— 14. auf her 3">'S' ('o"8"^)' — 'S' ^i* 5*''t{8'"n); — 16, jtDd bSfe 
aSubtn; — 17. rnnaul bl( anbtrt Seite ju (ommm; — 18. 'ßfertK^aüire ; 
— 19. jfber, benn ein fitr^turm (ann gut nti^l fptlngftt — zo. baS SJott 
„nein."— II. ber ^aje, benn hie O^cen bt« ^afen Reifem PBffd; — 12. 
einen Steinnurf (stone's thron) 1 — 13. ble neigen, benn ee gibt aucf) 

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P.43-1B1 NOTES . 109 

tätigt So[(n; — 24. iwtl fit nii^t ju i^m !omiii*n; — 25. btv ©Ratten 
(shadow) ; — 26. dnt ZadUtx ; — ly. ©vofiDoMt, JSatnr unb ©o^n fatifltn 
bie ^\tn, unb bat finb jmti Sät» unb jmtt @b^n(. — 28. rctnn et bcii 
Kopf aue bfmgenft« (lerft. — a, Cf. p. 38,11. 5.-3. A nnmber of ad- 
jeciives, «hich in English are uauallj folloned bj ia ox for, govem a 
dative in Gennan. Such adjectises aie B^Hlii^, aUBtlulltB, f^t\i\, lifb, 
<M\ft, tCtm, etc. — 4. Adjectives are often nsed sa nouns ; they are then . 
-wrilten wilh a capital, but retain their adjeclive declensioii ; thus btv 
alle, 'the old man,' bit ai((, 'the old woman,' bae Witt, 'that wliich ia 
old' — 5. toej tmi, 'e^'i'e/oi'i,gO¥erasadative object. — 6. Ün §lm" 
md, I« htavm; Ml ^immel, i« /*^ sky. — -]. gt^t ftb«, bere used in ' 
the literal sense (p. II, n. 6). 

Page 14. — I. The Geiman modal auxiliaries can be fuUy inflected, 
hence tbey have an infinitive. — a. UlpQttt, ■will or Ia wanl, inflects ils 
pres. ind.: tf^ Will, bn Wi!l|l, a min, lütt ntolltn, i^t wottt, fie looHtn. 

3- foKtn, ihall, to have ta, inflects ila pres. ind.: il!^ foll, bu lolljt, n (oH, 

iDir foüm, i^c foHt, fie foDen. — 4. «nf ßtben, phrase, for auf bet Srbe, 
still relains the old feminine case.ending. — J. ber ^rüfcffot, gen. bcB 
^COfeffotS, pl. bit ^refeffo'rtn. Foreign nouns in nnaccented or belong 
to the miied declension (p. 35, n. i). Note the sbifting of the accent 
^cofeffDr to ^rofcffD'rett. — 6, TStlittK, can. ot le U abU, inflects iis 
pres. ind.: tf^ Fantt, bu taimfi, er tann, mti tBnntn, il)T ISnnt, fie (Bnnnt. 
— 7. The modal auxiliaries and a fe» other verbs (füllen, feigen (to 
bid), Reifen, ^tcn, lalfen, le^Ttn, tenitn, ft^tn, lunbett) are foUoned bj^ a 
simple infinitive, all other veibs, also nouns and prepositiona, take a 
dependent Infinitive with the partide ja. The dependent infinitive 
Stands at the end of the sentence. 

Page 4fi. — I. tttüffeu, tnust, cughi to, inflects its pres. ind.: {(^ 
muß, bu niuöt, « raug, mit muffen, i^r müßt, fie mQffen.— a. bötfc«, 

may, to bi allowid, inflects its pres. ind,: \(!^ barf, bU borfft, « borf, lutr 
bürfen, etc. — 3. uarf) $iiufe, home (p. iS, n. 5). — 4. nerbeit wiih ihe 
bfinitivE of a verb denotes future time; thua, er TOirb tomuien, ' he will 
come,' but er rolH lommcn, ' he wants to come,' — 5, in(inct)oenen, /er 
my sakt; Compound of the preposition loeaen wilh the genitive of Ihe 

personal pronoun meiner. Cf. beinetiueflen, feinetmeflcn, unletiretgtn, 
etc. — 0. Adjectives in er derived from names of places are wrilten with 
a capital. — 7. The adjective long relains the old adverbial ending e; 
thus lange is adverb, while long is adjective.— 8. nnOtn, here, as often, 

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110 NOTES [p.a-tr 

te Claim, frtUnd. — g. Adjectives that ezpresi only one Idea irlth tha 

followiDg naun are wiitten witb a capital; tbns also boB €cf)tDar^ SßKT, 
'the Black Sea,' — lo. pratjlen mit, 'to boast o/}-~\i. %itSX.vMmM, 
pL bic Sennhli(f(, Nouns in ntl are naually nautet; a fcw aie feminine, 
bat they form their plniaJ like the neutsrs by adding C. Note also that 
noiuia In Rtö and in double the final consonant before all inflectional 
endings; thua, bic Atnntnlflt, Ut ©(^ültvinnm. — la. WA, that; tha 
relative nae is commonly used when tbc antecedent ia a neuter prononn 
OT adjective, or a whole sentence. Note that the relative pronouns 
cannot be omitted in German ; thus, all yau can da h> olltg, waS @U 
(tun) IBnnra. — 13. elltKal witb an imperative is emphatk, and then 
corresponds to the English jusl, pray, pUaie, do. In such case« it has 
the accent on the last sylbble, and is often abbieviated to mal. Cf. p. 
27, n. 2. 

P^r« *«.■— I. ilft ff 6« 3I(ltC« klfßl, idiom, I guarauta. Cf. p. 
42, n. 3. — a. aidjt ia usnally placed before the dependent Infinitive. — 
3. tä is com)iiool<f not omitted aftertbe modal auiiliaries; thus, td) tann 
ti, 'Ican.'— 4, unter, amid (p. 42, n. 3}. — 5. i^n f^Iftftrt for ti 
fi^Iäfett i^n, ht fiih drvtvsy. Note the order of woids when the im- 
personal c^ is omitted. — 0. When the antecedent is a noun, tbe relative 
is bei, bie, bae, or wel^n, nd^t, lutli^te. — 7. Theuseof the accnsaüvc 
is explained by the nezt sentence, of which this is an abbreviation. — 
8. Dativs govemed by Uillliuninta (p- 43, n. 3). 

Paffe 47. — I. ®efcSBetc Sna^ljcit, Ut., 'blessed meal,' a mutoal 
salutatioD, vsry commonly used by Germana on rising from a meaL — 
a. Cf. p. 44, n. 7. — 3. Some names of festlvals are used only, ot usn- 
ally, in the pluial: S(il)na$tMi (Cbristmas), Oftcni (Eastec), $fing. 
ftett (Whitsuntide), but they are commonly followed by a verb in tho 
Singular. Note the plaial form SÜQet^nac^ten for Siet^näc^te. ~ 4. ^to* 
(tt neuja^t, Hapfy New Yiar. ^toflt, also ?|JrO|l, from the Latin pre 
litis also a vety common toast (your health). — 5. gtatalieien, with 
dative object. — e. bei ^aniaiit, /amily physician ; {kiuS, hete, as 
often, in the sense of family. Cf. ^auSBOttr (head of the famlly). 
^USletim: (tutor), ^lauefteunb (friend of thefamily).— 7. Verbs in tbi 
and tn drop the c of the stem before the ending e j elsewhere they 
drop the c of the inflectional ending; thus, Infinitive : (i^ültttn ; pres. 
ind.: k^ fAQttlt, bu fc^Uttdft, K |d|ilttt[t, iDiT li^ütteln, i^r fdiOtttlt, fie 
f C^atttln. — 8. i4 ^tSt9^t% l haut a ktadacke. Note the Omission 

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of tho arttde. — 9. eilt $eiltfll|cr, hut btr S)tut((!^e, bi( Dmfid^tn (p. 38, 
n. 11). — 10. ber Ungar, pl. blt Ungatn, like »aiitr takes ihe ending ti 
in all cases sinBultu- and plural except in the nominatiTe singolai (p. 41 , 

TagtiiS. — I. bic gfin^eniU, fromfinllcr (dark); feminine nonn in 
als (p. 45. 1- ii> — ». ibtnafAnb, lurpriHng, present participle o( 
ths unreal componnd ülitrcai<^n (p. I7>n. 12). — 3. v^WtMfastmishid, 
pasC particriple of (raunen, osed aa an adjective. — 4. Wie ntBgen fi( 
xat ^trauStritgtn, 'liow in all Iht world iian the; find out' ; nur emphatic 
(p. l^, n. 2). — 5. gM SJieilM, alyour sirvict. — 6. bO, as adverb, there 
o[ then ; as conjunction, Ji'nc/. — 7. The prefii tt often servea ta ionn 
tiansitive verbs from intransitive» ; thuB anlTOOtflU is intranätive, braut- 
Wörter, transitive. — 8. wä^rwrt, as preposition, rfan'«^; as conjunc- 
tion, n.*(7ir.—g. »Ptcr BMgbiS laimtni? lahat tnay he the cautt ef Uf 

äFtbgfn inflecu ita pies. indic. : It^ mag, bu moflfl, «r mog, mit tnifltn, 
i^r magt, fit möem. — 10, o|nt M S" btfwwii, withmit stv/fing to 
tkink. The prepoaidons o^ and (|tll)9att are always followed by an 
infinitivo in German ft). 44, n. 7). — 11. mein ^«1, tir. — la. Cf. p. 45, 
n. 6. — 13. eine« Xnaci, »«' day (P- 42. "■ 4)- — 14- Safel, here (oi/e ; 
cf. the English board. — 15. Compound verbs are not separated when 
they stand at the end of the clause; thus, er tritt tmmtr \t\,x anmaEenb 
auf; but, btr {tbIio) immtr fe^r onmagcnb auftritt 

Pa^49. — I. einefslliif, tuch a. The pronominal adj.jeb, Jegltl^ 
ttnd fo(4 ^^ sometimes preceded b; the indefinite aiticle; in this case, 
however, they are declined like qualifying adjectives. As in English, 
fol^ may also precede the indefinite artjcle, but then ia not declined. — 
9, Üufpnilli ^oSen onf, to ie entitled ta. — 3. beten Snftalt, lit. ' the con- 
tent» of this,' ' iU Contents.' IBtreu, genitive «ingular of the dem. pron. 
ble (Gram. App. 16), — 4. jn SSl^n^ nnb Xni^e, lit. ' tor defense and 
offense,' is one of many rhyming phrases in Gennan, in which Ihe mean- 
ing is usnally sufficiently expressed by one of the words. In prose such 
words would nevei lake a case-ending (p. 40, n. 5). — J. The preposi- 
tions an, auf, ^ttiter, in, nad). Gor, ju are frequently preceded by biS to 
fix a distance, coiresponding to the English as far at, up to. — ö. bcr 
Seit, strait between Ibe Baltic and the Caltegat. — 7. Iiikd, following 
an expression of time, denotes duiation; thus, tlne ®tunbe 'tsm^./or an 
hour. Cf. the English all day l<mg. 

Pagre 50. — i. banai^, now usually barnad^. — a. fttebtn Hflil^, 'to 

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112 NOTES [F.GM2 

sinit'/or: — 3. mit JiJerg unb $attb, Üt. 'with heart and hand,' wilk 
Juart and soul. German abounds in sucb coupled nords, connected 
paitly by Bense, partlj b; sound, rhjine, or alliteration (p. 49, n. 4). 

Pa^ Sl> — I. Weak verbs form theii imperfect tense by adding |t 
or ttc to the stem. Verbs, Ihe stem of whlch ends in b or t, or m or u, 
preceded by another consonant, eicepi 1, ni, n, r or^, add ctc; all otbeis 
add te (p- i^iH, 5); tboa, tr lachte, but tr antroortetc. — 3. galten is con- 
jugated in the impeif ect tense : t(^ t)att(, bu ^atte|t, et ^atlc, nili ^otttn, 
tllt ^attcl, fie ^aiMn. — 3. päd Dtft, fräi cf/ruii. — 4. bn vteiatgc, 
mim. Instead of the simple possessive pionouns, meiner, beinet, feiner, 
etc., the following fonns may be nsed: ber meine orberrnttltige, btr txtiu 
or ber beintae, etc. (Gram. App., 15). — 5. Stiegt, past paitidple of 
legen. Weak verbs form their paat paiticiple by adding t or et, »ixl 
prefixing ge to the stem, unless the verb already has a preSi; tbus, lit> 
iint, geliebt; trßaunen, ttfiaunt; U^ ^abc , . , gelegt, i kavi put. The 
perfect tense is formed by conjugating the past partidple of a verb with 
the present tense of ^abfn. In all Compound tenses the past partidples 
and inünitives stand al the end of tbe sentence. — 6. trSg(e)t. In 
poetry the e ia frequently inserted where the rhythm requires it. 

Pagre 62. — 1. Sriebrii^ $SiI6etnt ber ©cfte (1713-1740). hing of 
Frussia, father of Frederick the Great. Adjectives and ordinals placed 
with the article afler a proper name are written with a capital. Bolh the 
adjective and the proper name are dedined; thus, gticbridft ber ©roßt, 
gen. griebridie bee trogen, etc. — 3. bei Voltten, to atlend, with dative. 
Many Compound verbs govem a dative, especially those compounded 
with ab, an, bei, entgegen, nadi and jn (p. 4S, n. 15). — %. A. few weak 
verbs change their stem-vowel; thus, Icnnen, (annte, gefatinl; rennen, 
rannit, geroniit. — 4. juf^onen, to walch, wiih darive (note 2). — 
5. The third person dngular (ec and fit) was once in use in addressing a 
person. This usage now eipresses contempt, hence the pert reply of 
the young man. — 6, fionbibat bet Z%tOlo^\t, a young clergyman, who 
has passed his examinattons for the minislry, but has as yet no pastor- 
ale. — 7. Bcforo tiiles, nicr and eure are abbrevialed to (Sm,, feine and 
feiner to @e, and ©r. — 8. mS Seriin, 'from Berlin.'— g. taug« 
■il^tl, artgoodfor Holhing.— 10. bie tUeiflen; note the delinite article 
before tneift, where in English it would be omitted. — 11. fein is conju- 
gaied in the imperfect tense; ti^ war, bu morfi, et mar, mir maten, if(r 
nart, fie mann. 

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P. 63-68] NOTES 113 

Pagre 68. — i. et Jirtt» gtfitllt, ht hadput. The pluperfeci ten»e is 
formed by conjngating the past participle of a verb with ttie imperfect 
of ^b<n. If the verb in a dependent clause ia in a Compound lense, tfae 
anxilmry comes after the infinilive or past participle, at the end of the 
chiuse. — a. The Infinitive with attt . , > gn, in erdtr Ic, eipresaes pni- 
pose or design. The pieposition um should always t>egin the phiase, 
while ju cannot be separaied from its infinilive. — 3. (tfe^l, ociufüd, 
past participle of b((t^(n (p. 4S, n. 7). — 4, tnat^tc änieuc, showed^n 
ittclinafion. — ^. btt }ReiftnbC, compare, in the Erst hne, (in SR(i(tnljtr; 
cf. p. 38, n. II. — 6, eine S^fiRcI ÄnPent, 'a plale o/oysteia,' — 
7. bet S^rCMbe, (in gwmbec, ihe adjective fcemb (stränge, foreign), 
Qsed as a nonn. ^8. ftlii, reflexive dative object,/w kimsilf. — 9. Re- 
flexive dative object ; heie, as often, need not be translated. — 10. Cf. 
p. 49, n. 7. — \i. STabeinie tefera to the Ftench Academy, which has 
always exeited a great influence on Fiench hteratuie. — la. IBnitcii, 
lontttt, getonnt. The modal auxiliaries that bave the umlaut üi the In- 
finitive lose it in their oiher principal parts: thus also, tnüfftn, niu^c, 
flfmufit; mBgfii, inod)tt, a<nitidit; biltftn, butfte, gtbutft— 13. fetner — 
ttin @a^. Tbc pronominal adjectives tbat lose some of their case- 
endii^s do not omit these endings when tbey are ased as prononns. 

Pa^ 64. — I. Cf. p, 49, n. 7. — a, anfgejei^nel, past participle 
of oufjet^nen. The prefix ge of the past participle and the particle jn 
of the Infinitive stand between the two parts of a Compound veib, the 
three elements being written as one word. — 3, babei, at it. — 4. t% 
tnt'd flefagt, ht said sa. Note that in conversation German employs 
the peifect tense where English woiUd often use the imperfect. The 
imperfect tense is nsed in Gennan to express what occutred in the past 
wbile another past action took place, bence is a narrative tense; the 
petfect tense is used to express a mere act of Ihe past, without refet- 
ence to other actions, hence common in conversation. 

Page 55. — i. einel übenbö, ont evtning (p. 48, n. 13). — a, m^et 
fll^, ietide hitruelf. — 3. bied, as often, for btrfeS, especially nhen pro- 
noun. — 4. bei ben SSctItt, in su(h vitatker; btni here has demonstra- 
tive force and should be emphasized; 6et is the preposition generally 
usedinspeakingof the wealher. — 5, ttil^t Wlltttcit noi^ »etilen, stand 
firm, alliterative phrase (p. 50, n. 3). 

pBgre6$. — I. bieS 3FtaI, for biefee 3JIal; also written bitemalfp. 55, 
n. j). — a. SBet, as relative, means brijeuigf, ll^rli^ct, he vihe, and cannot 

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1 14 NOTES [P. Be-ao 

have an antecedent. — 3. ber, demonslralive pronoun, nauaJly rendored 
in English by the emphatic personal pronoun hi. — 4. glaabeil may 
take two obJGCts in German, a dative of the person and an accusative 
of the thing; thns, t(^ Btau&e t9 i^m. ~ 5. UttBlt followed by oui!, evtn 
ifoTthaugh. — 6. @t[b Unk @IÜ, ajliterative pbrase (p. 50, n. 3). 

Page 57..— I. tirt, Imperfect tense of rtlletu Streng verbs form 
their principal parts by changing the vowel of the stem. The imperfect 
takes no additlonal ending in the fiist and third persona Singular, and 
the past participle lakes the ending etl and Ihe prefix ge; thos, reittll, 
ritt, getitteil. Make il a rule to memome the principal parts of all 
Btrong verbs as they occur in the text. — a. anhalten, ^iflt on, angt^al- 
ttn. Compound verbs have the same vowel-change as the simple veibs. 
— 3- jerfireilleit ; the prefii jer means in two, iopiects. — 4. Cf. p. z6, 
n. 14- — 5- Gr ^Oltb i^m an StSrlc ni4, ht wm inferior to him tu 
itrength ; cf . p. 52, n. a. — 6. hiri Bor (eiiwm Sobe, ' a short Htm before 
bis dealb.' 

Page 58. — i. «Ununra fiter, 'to Iw aatonished 3/.' — 3. |iet jtM 
Sln»t, Phrase, ik (Aii eountry. — 3. a. p. 56, n. 4. — 4. ein ffÜ Ztü, 
phrase, a goed bit. Formerly the adjective was frequently used without 
inflectional ending, especially afler the indefinite article in the nomina.- 
tive, masculine and neuter, and in the accusative singnlar nenter. Thia 
usage Li still foand in modern German in poetty and standing phraaes. 

Page 69. — i. The answers aie: 1. Die ®ca9nifl(fen; — i. ©ins, 
bann ip et nliJ|t mettr nfld)teim; — 3. er filät niifit, er ge^t; — 4- ®er 
i^rfl^ltng, benn ber ®alat (^tegt unb M( SÖumt fi^laatn auB; — s- 2)«i 
lefete läßt lein et in ber ®^iinel Hegen; — 6. 3m geBruar) — 7. aStil et 
nidjt bei l^nen »ar; — 8. Eine Sagt (a lie) ; — 9- günf finget; — 10. ®o8 
Unterfutirt (lining) ; — n. Der me^rttemal fä^rt; — la. 3a, er fonn 
„rocbet" lelen, unb „no^" ((^reiben; — 13. Sanonen ^abm ein flnliber (1 
Heber); — 14. Der Kaffee; et fe^t SA. 06« ber %\tt muß jfeSen; — 15. 
ÜBeit ber ©i^nianj nid^t mit bem ©unbe nebeln tonn; — 16. Der Don ber 
«anl isnt, benn er ifi früher unten. — a. ffiJer fiot eS Stflnemet ? Who ü 

mert camfirlably off? 

Page «0. — 1. ber fiflfffiänfer, a mountain in the lower HaM 
Mounlüns. This mountain was crowned by an immense imperial Cas- 
tle, tbe rnins of which are still preserved. According to populär legend 
Emperor Fredeiick I, called Barbarossa or Kedbeard, lies enchanted in 

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P.eo-fflj NOTES 115 

thc subteiTuiean vaalti of this Castle, walting for Gennany to lise to its 
former glory. — a. jMWiKhtt, with dative (p. 51, n. 2). — 3. m^ ^w- 
JcndlKfl, le ytmr hearts eimteni. — »,. Ite|1f4 m«^» gWeittal (>gttl, Ärf 
«c/ ^311/ (allow himself) to he lidd twice. Note Ihat Iflffm is alwaya fol- 
lowed by an active inSnitiTe in GennaD. — 5. fülltf ftäf (dat.) aQ( So- 
1<^, ' filled all kii pocket».' When in ref erring to paits of the body or 
dothing it seems nccessary to point ont tlie possessor, Gennan nsnally 
employs the dative (of interest), while English osm the possessive case 
orapossesdveadjective. — 6. i^m Don bem $utt, 'from Aü hat.' Cf. 
Um ©i^äftt Bon bcm ^U, 'ttata tht thephiriTt hat.' — 7. unr ImdtT 
i&tiü^itti/oriieergreedo/gold. — i. Unter, dative of laut, /«irf. Cf. 
in the preceding sentence, lautec ■= sheer, pure. — g. (i^ an ftEu ^bc, 
to the end cf&is lifc (p. 49, n. 5). — ro. In fiower-lote this stoiy ia told 
in eiplanation of thc name Stcglgmtinnldit. 
Pa^efil. — I. The answer» are : (. bi( iKof*; — z. b(r®orB(coffiii); 

— 3. nl*t; — 4. boS «ttt. — a. %n \s&^K 3elt, ' a long time aga.' — 

3. MC^rmJeUö, mora commonly niti|ltntetl9 or meiftnlS (p. 42, n. 4). — 

4. fyxt adda n in the singidar, and (l in the plnral. — 5. kod Stlt ^i' 
ttn, pbrase. Ht. ' lo gnard the bed,' to bt confintd to an^i bid. — 6. Cf . 
p. 42, n. 4. — 7. The reflexive pronoun (with or mthout (inonbec} is fre- 
qaently nsed as reciprocal pronoan ; thus, fte Reifen |u^, ' they help each 

Pa^ 03. — I. The artide is often omitted in Gennan beföre nonna 
osed idioinaticany, in standing phrasei, etc. ; thus, Ihe pbrase ju SDIaTitf 
fa^rtn doea not mean that the peasant acCuaJly was going to a fair, bot 
that he town in order to seil a load of fish. Cf. JU 3Rat{tt 
bcingen, 'to oEfer foT sale.' — a. b*d|, like nur and tinntol, makes the 
requEst more urgent (p. 24,0. 3; p. 27, n. 2),~3. bui Mrill 14 kEr B*' 
fecnlen, / -mH makt you pay for thu. — 4. bci fil^ fcdcr, to MmiHf; 
Itlbft or Jtlbet, is usually emphatic, and is not reqntred after refleiive 
pionoan« as 'seif' or 'selves'in English. — 5. fi^Ptl, 'already,'is often 
BSed for emphasis, and then may be rendered by sooti, I aiaa-e you, etc. 

— 0. fttln bo^, why don'tyou climb (note z). 

Patre es. — I. glnfl feiner 8Se|C, 'nent hiiway,' adverbial genitive 
(p. 4z, n. 4). — a. fie uarfnt i^ mit Steinen, liL ' tbey threw (pelted) 
him with stones,' thrrm stenei at htm. — 3. When the possessive adjec- 
tivea are tued as predicate adjectives, they are not declioed. — 4. en'' 
(ea, for (Utflen; the i in tmig, Uke c in tbe anaccentedendings n, (1, m. 

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116 NOTES [P, 83-« 

is often omitted (p. is, n. 6). — 5. ber 3t^«>t< o' S'^""' f^'' » tax to 
the amount of one-tenth, which was commonly levied hj kings and the 
clergy. ^6, gcf^t^tn, ' to happen,' bat here, as often, ta makc, fo do; 
gef4ef)(n is here the past participle; the auxiliary is f requently omitted in 
Getman «hen itcomes ta stand at the end ai the clause : 'CD.\i%,had been 
madl. — 7- ¥ott, pronounce in two syllablea, with accent on the last. 
— 8. vaS ntitCT 5etll(c), ftam a grtat distance, fram afar. — 9. war }it 
fe^ra, 'waa io he sttn'; [ein is (otloned bjr an active Infinitive in Ger- 
man (p. 60, n. 4). 

Pafe 64.— I. ^OPiS, Ladn genitive of 3ut)it«, the highest god 
of the ancient Romans and coiresponding to the Greek Zeas. — 3. Sap- 
ply ^aft (p. 63. n. 6). — 3. Supply öot. — 4. bei SHt, ' -uiitk yoo.' — 

5. fanden, ^ing, gegangen (p. 37, n. 4); ^ngtn au, 'hangen or ding /c' 
(p. io,n. 4). — 6. UCTgtiflcit is foUowed by a dative object. — 7. 3S3ail 
tax,, for was iQim 1^ tun? — 8. bct $CTb|t, here, thi harvist. — g. blilP, 
note the pronundation of B; when final, it is piononnced like /{traf); 
before an inflexional ending like v {brave). — 10. iaS <£id [tanb, lit. 
' Ihe ice stood,' i.e. stood still, was thick enoagh not to be canied away 
by the tide. — 11. ^ufstm, a town on the Bultic (p. 41, n. z). — la. ax 
her®«, 'iHioriSf tbesea,' — 13. e^IUtfi^b lanfctt, U> ikatt. 

Page 85. — I. cinä, neuter pronoun, for ein ®tag, — a, «r often 
denotes away, as Dergl^tn. ' to go away,' pass. — 3. fi^tincn, with a 
dependent Infinitive, le siem. — ^. bteibtn, fdn, ge(i^(^en and gfüngta 
(to aucceed) take tlie auxiliary ((in instead of ^ab(n; thos, f« 1(1 getUf- 
Btn, iht fias remaintd; (le mar gfbllf StOi ■**' *'"' rrmained. — S- BWI 
Ibremaeite oilS.J*-«« A^r*f^{p. 38, n. 6). — fl, Cf. p. 48, n. 7.-7. fie 
»QT gcntfcn, J:4« :4arf &/» (n. 4)— 8. fie uetfhmb ^ le^t aaf, th* 
tnem all abaul. — g. ba, > thece,' often in the sense of hen. — lo. illt> 
mei glS^et, tarier and larger. Note the force ot tmtnet with a com- 
parative. — 11. The singular imperfectof Werben has an olderform: \t^ 
Wart), bu WQrb(l, er warb, which is frequently used in poetry and literary 
Gennan; ordinarily Würbe is prefeired. -^ la, Tbe piesent tense for the 
imperfect is common in vivid ranation. — 13. Note the neutei singular 
dUed (for alle) used in an indefinite way of peisona, signifying toiryhody. 

Page 88.— 1. i^t $a6 nnb ©at, alt her pmperiy, all skt had, a 
populär tantologica] phtase. Though $abe is a feminine noun, the 
phrase followB the gender of the last word, bae @Ut. — 1. Supply eö 
(p. as, n. 5). — 3. auf ber ^cibca, for auf ber Selbe, Note the old 

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P. 66-701 KOTES 117 

form Df tbe dative siagukr (p. 44, n. 4). An old feminine case-ending 
is preserved in man; Compound words : ®onnnitc^(in, ^Ütatüt, (Et^elt' 
laut, etc. — 4. Suppty cd, The pronoun subject is often suppressed in 
poeti; and in colloquial Geiman. — g. Dtatgcnfl^ält, a word coined tiy 
Goethe, 'beautiful as the moming.' — e. lief ei; the inverted order, 
nanallj accompanied by bo4 o' IDt '^ sometimes used in a piincipal 
clause for tbe sake of emphasis. — 7. Supply (t. — S. bcnltn^u (acc.), 
' to thlnk •>/.' — g. 'S SUSIeia, for baS »Seicln. 

Page 67. — I. Cf. p. 35, n. 3. — a. JBic^ lUtb 9C4, interjections used 
as nouns (p. 16, n. 5). — 3- Cf. p. 66, n. 7.-4. fanb Sufl brnrnn, ble 
SBtlt JU ban^lDMllltrn, /■»«(/ //äij»« in reamiKg lireugh the world. If 
an Infinitive depends upon a verb governing a pteposition, the contrac- 
tion of tlie pcepoaition with ba must l>e nsed, — 5. babttrdl bitl ei UCI* 
ftintb, 3^ undertlanJing. — S. jnttl @efeDeB MnaHin, engaged htm ai a 
jourmyman. — 7. i^itfftK 0»f, /■> a^pfy tu. — 8. Ct. p. 63, n. I. — g. tni 
6tfit gcTnnttteK, J*™ A»i" ■^'w. intransitive verbs denoting a change of 
place or condition take the auxiliai; fein inslead of \iabtn. Cf. p. 65, 

Paffe «8. — I. aag^nfc, <»./w/ (p. 62, n. i).— a. gal jnt 9ittni«rt, 
rtpiiid. — ^. not Hbcttb, ic/i" </ar* (p. 62, n. i) — 4. im ISottetfa^' 

tfll, a/ *<r awj driving by. — 5, nutet fteicm ^Rtmcf, »« rf< a^ mr. 

Pagre 6». — i. um ae. SBai, also am 26pen aKai (p. ^i. n. a). — 
3. Sutfc, wife of King Frederick William III of Pniasia, and mother of 
Emperor William I of Gennany, was the most beloved queen in Ger- 
many, the ideal of a German woman. — 3. bic Sl^fit^tagilbt, tht rißt 

Corps, a clab that may be found in almoat every German town. They 
tum out on all festive occasions, and every year they celebrate their 
famous ©i^üBtnftfl, iheoting maUk. — 4. jofl bcnt aSoatu cntgcgcn, 

marched out io mtet the carriagc. — 5. aöflciatqnilttlet, rcsting place, 
temporary lodging, Before the time of lailjoada, when people traveled 
by post-chaise, the postofSces were usually hoteis, — 6. ^atltcn if|tet 
älninnft, waitcdfor her arrival. Note the genitive object with garten, 
— 7. fufir Ott bcnt ^Pft^anfc Mt, slopped in front of tke posteßce. — 
8. jnr Segtflgnns btt fibnigin, lit, 'to the greeting of the queen,' to 
•aiihome Ihi queen. 

Page 70. — I. pt Wntbt BCfAi't' '*' "«" "^*- '^''" passive voice 
is fotmed by conjugating the pasi partidple of a verb with Wtrtwn (soe 

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118 Noras [p. 70-jj 

Grün. App. u)- — »■ *■* Wl), paitud, wllh datire. — 3. t«« gcfllilft 
•■rbtil ift, thal Aai bctn stnt (note i); the past partlciple of IDtttKn, 

when used in the passive voice, ia »otben, nevet gtmoubtn. — 4. Note 
the feminine pronoun for the neuter noun baS SKäb^tn, It is custom- 
aiy to use the neuter pronoun, when it Stands near the nonn ; thus, baS 
SDIUi^Mi, baS . . . (here the relative Wt would offend the German ear); 
If, however, the proooun Stands at anj distance from the noun, it shoold 
always follow the natutal gender. — 5. I4 (abe bidj CbCBfl lieb, / lotii 
yimßtsi Ol mucA. — 6, geQinH, with dative object. — 7. \ß, you kmia 
(p. 21, n. 3). — 8. Cf. p. 60, n. 1. — g. mtirirb'f^CHr fot unttrirbtfi^ 
{p. 63, n. 4). 

Page 71. — I- ftcrbcx, intiansitive verb denoting a dianga of con- 
dition (p. 67, n. 9}. — a. Adjectives of materlal am toimed from nonns 
by the ending (c)ii or cra; thus, Qlf(nb<in, (Ittntwtntm; ^Ij, ^Stjcnt, 

— 3. bacanf, for tvotonf. When relative pronouQl referring to things 
without life are preceded by a preposition, the contraction of this prepo- 
täüaa irith »■ (01 »n) is commonl]' Dsed. — 4. tnminel^tttt», foi 
marmorn (noie a). — 5. Cf. p. 67, n. 9. — 6. tAS »it, for roit. — 
7. tatnleit, with dative. 

Page 32. — I. ^tmbtrt 3n^r, masculine and neuter Donns express- 
ing measnrement, wei^t, numbei, etc. are commonly naed in the singn- 
lar form only. Cf. jnjei guß lonfl, ' iwo feet long,' her 2K«nfi^ ^ot jtott 
g&ge, ' man has two feeC where giiQ is not tised as a measuie. Meas- 
uiements of time, like 3a^ and Stonot, aie used in both dngular and 
plural form. — a. In June, l3o6, Napoleon declared war agsdnst Pmssia. 
The Prussians having been defeated in two great battles fought on the 
same day, Oclober 14, at Jena and Anetslädt, were forced to consent to 
Ihe oppressive condltioni of the Peace of Tilsit, July 9. 1807. — 3. tSxS, 
for nUe (p. 65, n. 13). — 4. Dpa ^ier aaS, from htre (p. 65, n. 5). — 
5. ging e«, fiey v)tnt. The neuter pronoun t% is sometimea used to 
refer to a number of persona indefinitely. — S. nahmen Stnttll Oll, * toolc 
an interest i'«,' or ' sympathiied vjüh.' — 7. Sitte WH, 'request/or'; 
bttttn um, to Utk for. 

Pag« 78. — I. The preposition tiDl denotes residence or origin, 
hence its common use to eipress nobility. — a. itgcnb, indecUnable 
indefinite pronoun, commonly used before olherwords in the sense of 
fl»», tome; thos, trfltnb eine @Obe, 'some gift'; irgenblTl), 'anywhere.' 

— 3- i«^ «il|te f» gen, / shvuld Ukt 10 muth; tl^ mB^te, imperfect 

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p, 7S-T71 Nons 1 19 

snbjunclive of m^tn (to Uke), i» cojnmoiUy nwd to sipre» i. wiah. — 

4. fifpidni nait, ' to Bcad/»-.' — s. Ifcg fi4 i^t $a«r aifittttiUti, Mad 
her hair cut oß. — b. ■tlaiifn, wilh dative and accusaiive objecis, ta 
bay front. — 7. lief fit faffCK, ^«^ f^*«" mmmüd. — 8. Cf. p. 49, n. i. 

Paffe 7*. — I. Mt gr(ub(, 'mi/:* or for joy.' — a. The indefinile 
arücle is usoally omitled in Getmui before a predicate noun signifying 
occupalion, rank, office or the like. — 3. C£. p. 38, n. 10. — 4. jn [(Inen 
gafeen, 'at bis feet.' — 5. M ftmik i|ie» JMI ©litt, Ut. 'he atood on 
tb»r side,' he helped tluM. — C. eÖ Hpflfll, ''t«''^ wai a kneek. Note 
the imperaonal conslruction lo dsnole actioa nitbont deSnite a^ent. 

FSCe 76. — !■ kCr ^tn ¥>«M» MwIlCU, ^^ proftssar -aiill. The 
plural of (he verb depiendent npon a title in the singnlar U a comical 
ontgrawth of over-pobteness. It may be eiplained that the title ia nsed 
as a anbstitute for the pronoun of address ©t(. — 1. Cf. p. 73, n. 3, — 
3- wie (»MMni Sie boj», mhat prmtpUil you lo thU. — 4. Ct. p. 49, 
D. 1. — j. ninteT, li"t comparative ; it has no positive. 

Pftff« 78. — I. IRmS, the god of war, the son of Jupher and Juno. 
— - 9. fagtc t^m ftci letaiid, ' told bim /rankiy.' — 3. na^iii jh Singen' 
t^ei«, Bufeeted.—^. M bem «fltn »li*, '3* the first glmce.' — 

5. Mldt ein, whai a. SStlif) >oses ita declensional ending «hen used 
beifore ein in an eidamatory «ay. — 6. »(eiflerfWtfe, for aj!(lfict|iürf. 

FlffO 77* — I. H)story teils of tno archbisbopa bj Ihia name in 
Mayence, bat as neither of them was misetly and cruel, bat lather good 
and charitablc, they woold not fit out legend. — a. Cf. p. 63, n. 5. — 

3. Theprefiz vA% akin to the English mti in ' mistake,' denotes ; error, 
Wiong, wbat is false; thos, SRigtna^ä, failure of crops, scarcity. — 

4. ^^tn nm, 'praj/i»-.' — 5. ^unbert and tauftnb aie oflen used as 
nounB ; thue, Blel( 9unb<Tt(, Bt(I* Üauftnbe. — 6. fi^nien nm, cryfor. 
— 7. IflffC, present subjunctive. The subjunctive mode is often used 
in the dependent claaae, after verbs of saying, rtqviiting, iBisking. think- 
inf, itlieving, etc. In form the subjanctive is like tbe indicative, ezcept 
in tbefoUowing three cases: (i) the thiid peison isalways hke the first: 
er ^Obf (^nt); {') all verbs are regulär in the subjnnctive : t(^ tDoIle (rotH), 
er lofft (lä&t); {3) strong verbsadd e and modify the atem-vowelto form 
tbe imperfect sabjunctive; thua, tc^ gab, subj., Ii^ gShe. — 8. gSbe, 
wottldgive. The imperfect aubjunctive corresponda in meaning to the 
first conditional. — 9. gn Xnnfenben, ty lAouiandt (note 5). — 10. ba# 
flilt blt, ' that is aimed at you,' Ihey art leaking for you. 

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120 NOTES [P. 7S-« 

P*^ 7S. — I. The vaSx fa4 coiresponds to the English/>/i/.- bni' 
fa^, Ottlfa^, tinfa^ (simple). — a. Sappl; ju finbtn. — 3. Sapply ^at 
(p. 63, n. 6). — 4. Componnd adjectives (or adverbs) like bligfi^titll 
(quick as liglilDing), flttn^rt (liacd as stone), etc., ezpreasing onlj a very 
. high degtee of what the simple word implies, either have the accent on 
the last nord, or bo(h words have equal stress. 

Page 39. — I. This oame probably developed out of b« SWauttUttn, 
Le. a tower on the boundaiy of a State, for collecting custam 01 toll. — 
a. ^etttri^ $eilK {i799-'8s6), famoua Geiman Ijric poet. — 3. Hier 
Xtt)l9tn ^>4f '''■ '^°'^' stairs high,' common iox fiflk story. — 4. Sub- 
junctive of indirect speech. As in English, the conjaaction bag may be 
omitted, in wbich case the noiniai order of words mosl be nsed. — 
5. The modal auxiliaries aod a feir other verbi ((t^n, ^Brcn, Ifnitn, 
^tigcn, ^tlftn, lafftn) have an old foim of the past participle vhicb ia 
identical in form with theii Infinitive, and which nmst be nsed whenever 
they are connected with anothei infinidve ; thus, a \fi.\it QtlUDlIt, bul n 
()abc ftinc^cn tnoKtn. — C. In a dependent clause the auiiliaiy ^abtlt is 
put before the dependent Infinitive instead of at the end of the clause. 

— 7. üiccanbcr DOlt $nmbolbt, famous sdentiat and tiaveler. — 8. The 
phUosopheT aKvfea aRnthelelO^n was the grandfaCher of the composer 
%i\\\ aJlenbelefo^n. — 9- tx ^ottt \tM $ulPet ut^t nfuubtii, !it. ' he had 

not invented powder,' phrase, meaning was not iitry bright; would noi 
itt tht North Rivir on fin. — 10. t« tft Sd|abc, ' it U a pity.' — 
II. ftvffr here,asoftenfor3nann. — la. nvS fßttt, for his tivtliÄeod. 

— 13- ber Sit niftt Sa8 SSaffet reil^t, phrase, meaning literally, 'who 
is not worthy to hand yon the water for washing,' isn't JU ia He your 

Psge 80. — I. The subjnnctive mode is nsed in aU conditional sen- 
tences, when the condition is contraiy lo facl, and it occors In bolh the 
condition and the conclusion. If the conjunction Incnn is omitted, the 
condition is expressed by the invetted ordei ; thus, W&xt ic^ . . , or nenn 
i* . . . märt. — a. in ben fla^iget gfa^reti, i« tkefftUt. — 3. ftfinSe, 
Bubjunctive of indirect discouise. — 4. finb im ftaabe, art ahlt. — 
5. 3^«t St^tadlt fehlen, yi»tr langvagi U defiiiint in; note the dative 
with ftftlen. — 6. Cf. p. 51, n. 4.^7. tti »nS, witi our languagc. 

— 8. (BHxtt, conditional subjunclive; supply the condition; 'if you 
wanted.' — g. btnil^ailS nidit, "it at all. 

Page 81. — 1. @1( taten Sütc^t, 'yoa an light' — a. erfl tei^t 

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T.a-m NOTES 121 

si^t, leiul e/tül. — 3. Tbe partkipUl adjective gtfd^idt meons clevtr. 

— 4. flK gtracitn |tillt ' u- laid to have been.' Note the idiouutic use 
Of folbll. — 5. Sä »nt Cinwal, <Wf< »/m « &'">' tAn-e wai, a very com- 
moD beguining of faiij tales. (Einmal, like most Compound adverbs, 
baa ttte accent on ths last word, unless Ihe fijst idea is apecially empha- 
aued, meaning; etu time, od ^nr occa^on. — 6. btt ftrebSgatlg, crai't 
vmik, i.e. ' bsu:kinird.' — 7. ^ef, often naed of cattle for {lacb, lA^i/. 

— 8. ®tM »Ot eStitf, «« a/Ur anotkir. — g, eS tut mir leih, / am 
tirrry. — 10. iflgv^tlfcn, " lo bi kilftd, can be lulpid. — 11. auf ttm 
«C^Un SlfCtr ' i" the right Bpot.' 

Faire 82. — I. finulitc ktc Rebe auf, tttrn€d tht comuriatitit tu. — 
a. nftrtK bannt fi^nlb, «w-f to Uamtfor it. — 3. SbiKt'd ^ i(^ Btaube 
te (p. 66, n. 4). — 4. tB (ut fein tfBeti(ti8) BtiMiibtH nit, ct«r< o» 

lomt piaäiar ärctunitanta conrutted milk (p. 58, n. 4). — j. ttWMt jnv 
Kctt, u Jörn. — e. Saä nare (mtrtisarbte), Ut. 'that mrald be le- 
maikable.'^e« ifc«'/ lay 10! — 7. Btlivgt'S = lD«in t8 gfUnßt, i/Itue- 
utd. — 8. tn aller Sfrfi^e, i/^y rwr/y. — 9. Supply ttm jk ft^w, 1» 
erdtr to tte whithtr. — 10. bim 9Itflt I3lM, 1D011A/ Uave its ntst. — 
II. kojtl, (in additioD) A>Mu; mtreotier, 

Vtge 88. — I. ^rt oBf *et fftelbt ftinb, imj Aaro»^ <« d^u. 
Thia phrase refeiB to the chalk-marks nhich landlords malte on a black- 
boaid for each glass a gae»t does not pa; for. — 9. rint (atlbne 
»irtf ftaft (ift) bo« ! iiomcal, Ma( « a «Ue statt 0/ offairi. — 3. aififfc, 
KsHe, SDbjuDctiveB of indiiect discoarse. — 4. tei ftd| feltitt, la htm- 
Sil/. — 5. ^I|« ii* ftfH auf, for wtnn ic^ (rü^ aufpt&t. — 6. a« ffinbe, 
ÜL 'in the end,' here, as oitai, firhaps. — 7, niJD'd bad ©Ifill, for 
toentt baS @iad e« »ill, >/ ^m^ will have it. — S. »tt fK^t'i, Ai>nr orr 
matters gitting en. — 9, @fdattet, lit. 'godfather,' here, as often,;iW 
friend. — 10. Ointt U^ll'iS Sni^ ! God rmard 01 bUti you for it ; (o^lte, 
ptesent aabjunctive, wMch ia used to express a wish tbat may be ful- 
fiUed. — II. OfntbrilH ber ©roge (1740-1786), king of Prnssia. — 
13. ^tmS ^tn^lK MH ^ititti, tbe greatnt cavaliy ofScei in the armjr 
of Ftedericlc the Great, — 13. ftanb, here, itraed. — 14. ntttmeißet, 
captain in a caTalr; re^ment. — 15. Mit KOBKR, also nnnwnS, by namt, 

Pa^ 84. — I. When no reference is made to sei, Snttt ia often 
used for IRStltltr; thns, <S^(tnIinil(r, kuibandi, S^«ttute, marritd feopU, 
Sbtlmilnntr, noblimtn, ffibcStUtf, gtntry. — 3. SetbitnfUtbtll, medal 

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122 MOTKS (P. U-» 

gairud bji meril. — 3, ber fitbeRifi^gt Brieg, tAt Seven Ytar/ War, 
i.e. ihe war carried on by Frederick the Gteat against Austria, Rosaa 
and France {1756-1763). — 4, ^ail^ita, a town in Mecklenburg. — 
S. fpotttn flket, ' to make fun ef,' — e. bat fu^ JH ®afK, KJ'bi/ /d jf in- 
viUd. — 7, an einem, lit. 'at one,' at tki samt. — S. aafä ftttUlbliälfte, 
lit. 'upon the most fiiendly,' vay fritndly. Thii Superlative, called ths 
' absolute ' Superlative, ezpresses a very high degree, but not necessaiiljr 
the highest degree ; the latter would be expressed by the so-called ' rel- 
ative ' saperUlive, oin frcunbtic^ftMi. 
P«se 85. — I. @efniih(f itett anäbrlngeu, to gtvi loasts. — a. ctf 

gilt bem raableigf fjeU, this is te Ihi ktaltk and hapfiirusi. — 3, eCJSSCIt, 
< drawn,' here, ait^d. — 4. Don XOtM^tva $anfe, ' of what /amtly.' — 
5. Cf. p. 51, n. 7. — 6. bet Stlfar, tribotaty of the Rhine, rises in the 
Black Forest, and empties into the Rhine near the city of Mannheim. 
— 7- Zßbiltgtit, a town of about 14,000 iahabitants in Württemberg, 
bas a tamoua university fonnded in 1477. — 8. SIttllisittd, Si. Rtmi, 
tucbbishop of Reims, baptiied Clovis, king of the Franks in 496, died 
532. ~ 9. mit ehtei fitiublli^en, bem . . . j^ayent, v/Uh a chttrfui 
ckapil, cütutcraiid to St. Rtmi. Adjectives nith other words depending 
opon tbem may be used as epitheta in German, and stand immediately 
before the noan. This is a chanu: teristic German idiom, which in Eng. 
lisb should be rendered by adjective clauses foUowing the noun. 

Paye 8«. — I. SnbloiB Urlaub {1787-1862), one of the most popu- 
lär German poets, especially fanious foi his masterly ballads. — 3- ttntet 
Iblil^tm @lcbet, vtilh Ike muat fraytr. Note the foTce of unttc, de- 
noting simultaneonsness. — 3. trat OK . . . XaftI, p- 85, n. 9. 

Page S7. — I. f)t|CB bleiben, here, te Step. The phiase may also 
mean liteially 'continne to stancL' — a. Note tbe diSereat Synonyms 
of beitubttt, to bury ; jUT Icgtfii Stubfßättt tragtn, 'carry to the last 
testing place'; jut U^ttn ^ub( bdtin, 'to givea bed for his last lesl'j 
bejlatten (cf. ©tültt), 'consign to the last place'; belfern, 'entomb,' 
' put in a vault.' — 3. filt| BtTQe^intH li(§eil, ' made themselves heard,' 
iBtre ktard. — 4. (ielt nmf^ou, looked araund. — 5. enUwtlt feiner 
S^almei (dat.), dmofrom his reed-pipe. 

Page 88. — I. Hynlbn, a manufaclnting town in the duchy of Saxe- 
Weimar.— a. nat ba| ntifit sbtn flebcctt Wieb, |*nbetn nnttn, '»>6' ^'i' 
the turning dt not dme abi^e but btlmu. This impersooal passive is quite 

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P. SS-92] NOTES 123 

{teqaent in German, and may be lued aven wilb inlnuiiitive verbi ; t9 
murte getunafll, tieri tvai tinging. 

Pase 89. — I. 8i>rP=apftl - ©otßbotf« SpH J»-j/m/fl^//w. Bors- 
dorf, from vhich (hese famoua apples deriv« their name. is a little village 
near Leipäg.— 3. mit dittin SHole Qmbrt^eit, colloquial for mit tin. 
moligtn UmbK^n, ™rt o singU turn. — 3. tmt nnb frai^ ge^t eS, 
tAtre ii a ertuk and a craih.^^. bnir^ Wnl Nnb Xlti», lit. 'tbrough 
marrow and bone,' penetiatee toan^mtry marrovi. — 5. Sitbtt gOt! n" 
the cimtrary. — C. bciJKt, «n/iina^, and tClft, r/rvtri^/. are aynon/iDS, naed 
togetherfaremphasis. — 7. ße »in gettt jnilg gCMK[eit| tht laimlii kavt 
liked io bt yeung. — 8. mälzte fil| auf bcti fESCfl, ^«^ <«'- — 9- Wtt hCK 
^cit, in ümi. — 10. 91iBgeI| dialectic diminutive o£ StinS- The ending 
el, cormptioD of Ictn, ia heardall over Gemum;. — 11. Sn liebClSUill, 
i^or, dear! — la. 000, herc for ntt. 

P»ge »0.— 1. 3ft »D^I, supply bae; I suppue Hat it. — a. 3 lc= 
»a^re! nulalall. — s. t» 91til|e noA, >» i>r</fr. The pteposkion nofli, 
in tlie Sense of according ia, frequently foUoiTB the nouii. — 4. tll btr* 

fertenfflet^nifolge, «"(^(rom^oj-Äj-. — 5. Cf.p.42,n.4.— 6. nnfnugS 

ber Sierjiscr, althi bcginning ofthefoTties (p. 80, n. 2). — 7. S(r IdU- 
fenb! Goad graiiausl^i. ba lommt'B Mtfe, colloquial, M™ «f« an 
a greai many. — g. t9 Ulfttt fll^ titlet, ii <> mii viorlh le&ile. — 10. für 
bü mtipea,/"- moii ptopie. 

Fase 91. — 1. f^on, liere /a'ar/ /oy (p. 6z, n, 5). — «. btllll often 
refers to what has gone before and then maj be lendeied by tut. — 3. 
Sufl an, pieaanre .b. — 4. (« ift WO^l ail^tS mit bei aWiHIe, I supposi 
ike mill did not amount to anything. — 5, barail, 'herein li.' — 6, UaS 
^al tttnv binlt an, a/ler all, wAatis tkigood of, — 7. Sßobiitt, or Sotan, 
tbe Chief god of the Gerroans, the same as Odin in Scondinavian mylh- 
ology. He was the all-pervading spirit of the world, falher of gods and 
men, the god of war, of wisdom, and the inventor of letters, sciences, and 
arta. C£. Wedmsday, i.e. Wodan's day. — 8. @CltlIIDtlCtl, Stmnonei. the 
most powerful and the most ancient among Che Suevian tribes. Tbey 
lived on the banks of the river Spiee, where Berlin is situated now. 
Snevi, @U(D(n, was a general name for a great number of Gennaiiic 
tribes, of which the Semnones, Hermunduri, Marcomanni, Quadi, Goths, 

and Alemanni were the most famous g. ^lAti, fortst, grave. Tbe 

ancienc Germans worahipped their gods in sacred groves, or on heaths; 
the use of temples, as also the worship of Images, is of later date. 

u„i,„. ..Google 

124 NOTES [P. 92-98 

P<1^ 82. — I . Hf en i*ere the twelvc highest gods, «fco, settted aronnd 
Wodan, aasUted him to govecn the wodd. — a. Kfll^Ifal, a. palace of 
Wodan and the paradiie of the wairiora who had falleü honoiably by 
the sword. — 3. $cla, the goddess of death, irhaae abode was ^l^ini, 
sitnated below the eaith ; cf. ^lUt, htll. — 4. Hin OM^ Wtx fic, ii^ 
mind you, enly tkty. Note the force of aill!^. 

Page 98. — I. Ct. p. 72,11. 5.—». »artete i^m (gen.), less common 
than icartttt auf fu. The genitive as sole ohject of a veib is uEoaUy re- 
placed by an accosadve with ot withont a prepoeitian. It ivhowever, 
fiequenüy fonnd in poetrj. Cf. p. 69, n. 6.~ 3. fit Iit|eil ftdl \tttX\i^ 
Mnnken, they att heartäy ef—t,. etrflentTaill, or ffltftb, mtad, is said 
to be the ancestor of the Gennan beer. It was a fennented driak made 
of hooey. — 5. iSaRfllCU, the heavenly batüe-maidens who canied the 
expiting narriors to Walhalla. ^G, galttll ffil, 'were valued m-,' 'were 
believed to be.'— 7. m »eiw T« i«» Otifer fcr»*(eil, than by latri- 



Tlie Bender of each noaii äiadtialed Ihni; ■>.,/., ii.— The nonlutire plnnl [> in- 
dioted tbum: XlfA, -^(£1141); BMU '( (@ta«I() i BnA. 'ti(»114e[); Sctm, — 
(St^rn); eTK>n, " (Srübiri. Compound noum modiiy only lb= vowel Ol iht lul 
compoocTit. Wbeo no pliinl Ii isdicaled, Ihe uoua licki a pltiral, -^ The genilive ending 
ii in.icited in aapüoni on!y («e Grimnaiial Appeudii).— The accent li indicalcd 
«hen It doi« Dol real an Ihe £nt irllable.— The prindpsl puB of WEik Tcrba are Dot 

verbi Ire indicUcd bj a hrphea becween the two componenti. The prindpal parU ol 
Compound »erb« >re indicaied ihai: on-fongm (png. B*f"B™>'-'"f'"'fl"'i fina ""i 
mBttangni- — Abbteviatiom: aJs. (idvcib); aJj. (adjecäve); cmj. (conjunclion); nl. 
(rdadve);dVjx, (demonamtiTBHtf^-feeparable); £*ai/, (ineepanbLe); 'nv^. (itDperaoDal); 
riß. (Tutore); tm. Igadün); liat. (daliTe}; aec. (accoutive); fl. (pliual). 

ob, off, away, down. 
Hfitnb, m., -t, evening, 
fliCHbeffcn, n., — , supper. 
abfttbS, in the eveaing. 
Oltt, however, but. 
Slbfn^tt, /., -m, departure. 
ni'fanfra, to liuy from. 
at'lubtlt (lub, gelaben), to unload. 
ab-M^mni (nafim.itnammtn), dat., 

atzten, to esteem ; — auf, t' 

attention to. 
M^t>acbtn (gab, geeebcn), tc 




oi'fi^titUKtt (fi^nttt, gcfd^nitttn), to 

abfonlittll^, peculjar, diSerent. 
H6flri|cq>«rttcT, n., -<, resting- 

pUce, temporary lodging. 
96t, m., t, abbot. 
nfi'jri^im, to stand out against. 
ai'iit^m (jofc acjoflcn), to sub- 

«(^I ohi alasl 
a^t, eigbt; a^tt, eigbth. 
aiSttl, «., — , eighth. 

tUlttme,/., respect, esteem. 
«iftr, m., -, acre, field. 
VätrStaMB, «I., -teute, peasanC, 

Hhtl, «., nobility, 
flbint', good-bye. 
Vbicftia, n., -e, adjeclive. 
IltDDtat', M., -Ol, lawyer. 
a^Klil^ (.dat.), similar, like ; — [e- 

^, to look like. 
Sfobtinic', /., -tt, academy. 
HRlfalil), m., -e, accusative. 
äff, all, every. 

affdK'i alone ; conj,, however, but. 
anctibts^'i to be sure. 
■Smlet, all sorts of. 
aVtS, everything (everybody). 
aKtjdt, always. 
aSltindlt, geneial, • 

„i,„. ..Google 


aHnat'I'^r gradual. 

fUSftU, pl., Alps. 

«W, as, than ; canj., bs, when ; 

— mit, as if. 
ulfl, so, thus, therefore. 
alt, old ; bic Allen, the old oaes; 

blc Site, the old woman. 
flUat (also attat'), m., -t or -e, 

Uta, older, eldetly. 
am — an htm (einem). 
flmt'rih, n., America. 
flmy^i'binin, «., -im, Ampbi- 

Hmfcl, /., -n. blackbird. 
Bmt, «., tr, Office. 
ai ((io<,craec.).at,on,by,near,to. 
ai'binboi (tmiib, stbunben) mit, to 

pick a quanel wilh. 
«aHW, m., -(, sighl. 
ait'btiKfld (Ciiai^tt, gebtoc^t), 

place, fasten. 
atArx, other, diüerent. 
ItndbD'te, /., -n, anecdote. 
Snma'nt, /., -n, anemone. 
■iffallca (jitl, Bffotlen), lo atiack. 
Hufaafi, m., 't, beginning. 
an>faitgtii {fing, aefanflen), to be- 

gin, commence. 
flnfangd, in the beginning, at first 
•ll'faflni, to lake hold of, toucb. 
«'B«S« (Bitifl, maHta), to con- 

tlNflel,/., -n, hinge. 
llKfltltgen^cit, /., -en, affair. 
onstntfpm, pleasant, agreeable. 
!lngcfi4t, r., -er, countenance. 
anflclan {jm antun), ctad, dressed. 
flafclff, tn., -t, altack. 

flBflft, /., •«, aniiety, fear. 
Ims^ttdl, anxious, fearful. 
ÄBfl^ftrei, m., -t, cry ot fear. 
UtgßtlDn, anxious, fearful. 
m-iültn (^dt, ae^olten), to stop. 
Hx^N^,/, -n, hill. 

BB^Ittttn, to chain. 
«nlailft, /., arrival. 
Salagt, /., -n, pleuure-ground, 


■«•lanstn, to arrive. 
•nmagtnb, arrogant. 
HuiafpHI, /., -<n, arrogance. 
UBIHttg, gracefui, pleaung. 

aana, Anna. 
■Ma^nt, la annt^mtn. 
tat'n^mta (natim, gmomnun), la 

accept ; jum ©efcDen — , to hire 

as joumeyman. 
M'Hbni, lo address. 

rej?,, rfa(., to join. 
M'fffttB (fa^, fleff^n), to look at, 

ÄIl(t*t, /, -en, View, 
Bnrprui^, «., -*, Claim, 
an< treffen (traf, gt troffen), to meet. 
an'tteiiltn (tdeb, Betrieben), to ucge 

■tttrifl, see antreiben. 

«ui'tun (tat, getan)^ dat., to do to, 

flpftt, m., ', apple. 
apifftfl, »»., — , apostle. 
Hpril', m., April. 
Ht6dt,/., -en, labor, work. 
OTbritcn, lo work. 
Hrbeitejimnet, n.,—, work-room, 

u„i,„. ..Google 


9(tiitj Mm, —if am. 
•nn, poor; bie Brmen, the poor. 
fltnntt,/., poverty. [tion. 

art, /., -nt, kind, sort, descrip- 
«rti'W, m., — , article. 
Bl^tf f, physician. 
afe,»«.,-n, Germankgod. 
Hfl, m., -*<, bough, branch. 
HftrMm', m., -«I, astcoQomer. 
•6. "((«"f J" fff«n- 
ttt^et', n., Athens. 
tlttol'tif4, Atlantic. 
ni4, also, too. 
Wk,/., -n, meadow, field. 
•«f (doi. oratc). on, oa top ot, in; 
for; auf . . . ju, up to, towatd, 
n^-btmtfin», to keep. 
aafbckuQntns, /., keeping. 
aif'faSai (fttl, ecFaUm), dat,, to 

OEf'flKbeni, to invite. 
«afgdfte,/., -n, exercise, task. 
IMf>g(^(» (eJKfl, fltflonBm), to rise. 
utf'lcgen, to lay on, put oQ. 
oxf^na^nii to opca. 
ottfmttfffttttr attentivc. 
mf'ri^tcn, rtß., lo find corafort 

tdtfmf, m., -t, call, appeal. 
a>f'f<|BBm, to look up. 
otf-fi^taBai (F(^lug, gef^logm), to 

open ; dn ^f^t — , to pilch a 

BBf'flidi^enii to Store up, put in 

a warehouse. 
«af'f(iti<0tit (fpnine, Btfpnmam), 

to spring up, rise. 
•vf'ftt^ (ftönb, gt^ntmi), to 

rise, get up. 

mtf'ftflgn (f 


mf-ftcKcn, refi., to place one'» 

seif, take one's post. 
VafttSg, fo., t, errand, order. 
uf'trettit (trat, getreten), to be- 

Mlf'MlItn, to wake up. 
iaf'jri^im, to write dowD. 
Ulf'jlt^ (jeg, a«ä»9tn), to wind 


9iigeiib[iil, m., ~t, 

Hagtaf^tis, in — nttimen, to 

tU'gBfl, August (perianal namt). 

Hugaft', month of August. 

■Xä (dat.), out of, from; finished, 

oB^'tttte« (bat, gebeten), re/T. in äu 

dat., to ask foi. 
a»9>6ltttni, to batcfa. 
Ilttäbaaet, /., eodurance, per- 


Ud'brfldfen, to express. 
■»«fCag, (»., 
OB^gcaHet, degenerate. [out. 

taA'^Üttn (BfiiB, B«9anaen), 
fUi9gQri4aet, excellent. 
Maliol^nc, /, -n, exceptfon. 
Md^nt^nni (na^m, Btnomintn). 

Ttfi., to look, appear. 
•nd'Cdt^cn, to suffice. 
onl^ri^ltn, to execute. 

trafen (rief, eenifen), to ex- 



aoaTu^tn, lo rest. 
oa^'f^Ufoi (ft^lef, Bcf^Iafcn), to 
sleep out. 

u„„„.., Google 


an^'ftQem (Tag, gcftl^), to look. 
«■«fI4t, /„ -m, View, 
flndftira^tr /■> -n, pronuncia- 

Viififlclliini, /., -ta, exhibition, 


nng-ftraftn, to siretch out. 

onl'^rnita, to scatter. 
•lS>ttUcH, to dispense, deal oul. 
Knfict,/., -n, oyster. 
ABiiUloMs, by heact. 
n^tt (.dat.), beside, aside from, 


;, the e 

oafitrkcn, besides, also. 
an^^Ib (gen.), outside. 
an^nm'benUiii^, unusual, < 

ordinary, exceedingly, 
a£t,/^-e, ai. 

B«bn, B., Baden (geitg. namt). 
Baken, to batbe. 
Bobmaant,/., -n, bath-tub. 
Sobtsiinilicr, «., — , bath-roor 
Sa^sliaf, »>., -t, railroad-sti 

Sa^Bfletg, m., -c, ptatform. 

Satera, n., Bavaria. 

bnlli, soon ; bolb . . . bolb, dow . 

VaRoi, m., — , beam. 

»off, «., -t, ball. 

Soab, n., •«;, ribbon ; m., ' 

0«ll,/., -t, bench; -ffl, bank. 

Bilr, «., -Hl, bear. 

SartMof'fR, Readbeard. 

Subin', «., -t, barber, 

bflrfRft, barefoot. 

bat BKS, J« auflUttm. 

SHTt, m., -t, beard. 

8aa, m., -«, building. 

bäum, to build. 

VOKCT, •»., gen. -H, fl., -n, peaa- 

Somiltaitd, n., 'ri, farmhouse. 
Saatrabof, m,, 't, farm. 
eoncnilltltc,/., -n, peasaat's but 
Btan, fR., 'e, tree. 
SutnatCTtal, n., -int, building- 

Saiinhpae,/., -% tree-top. 
Sannftamm, m., t, tiee-trunli. 
Stam'tt, fR., -n, offidal. 
bMKt'mattra, to ans wer. 
bear'beltni, to work. 
btbUl'RH, to pity, regret. 
bthe'ifni, to Cover. 
btben'Ioi (btbot^te, bttwi^t), to im- 

bcbrä'ttflb, Important. 
Btben'tniig,/., -en, meaning, sig- 

Stbflirf'alg, »., -f«, neccBsity. 
bcm'kcn, to finiah. 
Stai'Mgiini, /., -cn, end, conclu- 

befal'len (btftd, bcfaDm), to be 
seized with, to befall, 

bcfanb', See bcfinben. - 

8tlan'g«l^elt, /, bashfulness. 

befcb'Ien (bifa^C, befn^Im), to Or- 
der, command. 

u„i,„. ..Google 


»CfCftttai, to fasten. 

be^lMM (befonb, btfunbcn), refi., 

to be, feel, to be siCuaCcd. 
befUb'Hl^, situated. 
ttfnl'flCH, to «tecute, 
bcfrntn'tK« mit, refl.,\a reconcile 

oneself to. 
bcfrlfbisoi, to satiaf^. 
hgeg'aen, dat., to meet. 
(cgc'tcn (btgiitfl,- bteangoi), io 

btSefftcra. to inspire; begannt, 

beaU'riB» curious, eftger, anilous. 
ütgin'sni (begann, begomun), to 

begin, commence. 
bCflrlt'geil, to greet. 
Segtft'ftBiii,/, -Ol, greeting. 
Iclal'loi (bt^elt, bebten), to 

Id {dat.), with, at, by, oeai ; — 

fi^, to himself. 
btüw, both, two. 
»dB, »., -t, leg. 
beina'lc, altnost, nearly. 
bd=ftSt«, to bucy, put in a vaulL 
Sttftlicl, n., -e, eiample. 
Sdfien (bt6, gtbiffai), lo bite. 
Bd'Biii^tltlt, ffal., to attend, be 

btfatn', »« befomincn. 
tttannt', known, populär. 
Sdannt'f^ft, /., -m, acquaint- 

tttMn'ntn (betam, bctommen), to 

get, receive. 
telfln'mert, sorrowful. 
itia'ftigm, to troubte, malest. 
tdtbt', crowded. 

Scloit'tMMg, /., -<n, ligbt, illuml- 

8t(aini, •>., Belgium. 

beUcbt', populär, favorite. 

edt, n., Bett. 

ttfvm'tctt, to notice, 

Ünpitm', comfortable, easj. 

feeqM'mni, r«/i., to be sadsfied. 

tCtaa'r4<"i to intoikate. 

tcniti', alreadj. 

Serg, M., -(, mountain, bill, 

bcrgu', up bill. 

Sttggdft, m., -er, mouDiain 

bngttu'tfr, down hill. 

9n[ta', n., Betlin; — er, Off;., 

Berlin; nou«, Berliner. 
Sentf , (»., -t, profession. 
Bem'fen (berief, berufen), to call, 
bent'^igai, to comfort, qutet. 
bCtt^nf , famous. 
Üef^ftntt', ashamed. 
kef^d'ben (ber(^ieb,bef41()ini), <^.. 

to assign, bestow upon. 
Ocfl^ri'bniteit, /., modesty. 
tefi^e'ren, lo give, bestow upon. 
bef^iCbtt, see beFc^elbcn. 
bcft^U'geii (befc^IuQ, befi^tagen), to 

Hf^lie'gei (bef *Io6, b(f(Wofftn),to 
decide, conclude. 

bef^lift', bef*I»ffeii, jwbefc^tieften. 

Befi^Ufl', see befd^logen. 

Sef^UMT^, /., -n, trouble, bür- 
den, compläint. 

tcft^UCTCm, refl., to make a com- 

befe'^c« (befa^, befe^) , to lock ai, 

u„i,„. ..Google 


(Kfdif , occupied. 



bcfon'bn, special; — 8, especialljr. 

befsrst'i aruiious, apprehenaive, 
füll of care. 

kcfpan'nm mit, to span, draw bj. 

Sefftt, bell er. 

teft, best; ba« Scfte, the best. 

beftSn'btg, continual. 

blftat'tcn, to bury. 

tcfte'^eil (6t(tanh, btftanben), to en- 
dure; — au8, to condst of. 

btflt^t', endures. 

ficfld'gtti (btfKcg, Btrti'Stn)^ (i» 
©^iff — , to board a ship. 

btfHmtnt', aure, definile, certain. 

»tfai!»', m., -*, Visit, visitor. 

bcri'<f|nt, to Visit. 

telni, to pray. 

fectta4'tt> (o/leH ivith rtß. in tht 
dal), to look at, regard, watch, 

fetttt'toi (betrat, betretm), to en- 
ter, Step upon. 

fflftt, »., gen., -Vi, fl, -en, bed. 

betttn, to give a bed; juT fRu^ 

»etticr, m., — , beggar. 

SetttttSc,/., -n, bedstead. 

fflentt,/, bootj. 

6ttDa'l^«l, to watch. 

benoAl', watches. 

iielDa^'Tni, to protect, guard; i bt> 

iDoferel not at all! 
hmt'ifn, to move. 
ttnto'lli^, movable, flexible. 
fetuwt'ftn (beWlee, bttolefm), to 

SmM'bNir rt Ifit bdtnit ftfn rise* 

«t« — , thereby hangs a tale. 
KtCMO^'ltt, m., — , inhabilaot. 
0«D>n'kenimfl, /., admiration. 
emvßt'fdl, n., consciousness. 
itnOlln, t6 pay. 
bqeb^'nO, to designate, show, 

Sqit'^en (btjoa, btjoeeit) ouf, to 

begDg' JM bcjie^. 
HcgM (bog, gebDgtn), to bend. 
BtaK,/., -it, bee. 
Blcnralmib, «, -«, bee-hive. 
8ilb, n., -CT, picturc. 
btiben, to form, make, educate. 
«tttfa»!«. /■. -n. atatue. 
SUbnnfl, /., educatioa, cultnre. 

Bin, i 


> fsr 

btnhra (bonb, ecbunbcn), to bind, 

Singni, n., Bingen. 
fflW*,/., -n, birch. 
Bit«,/., -n, pear. 
thrfi!^, to hunl. 
bU (ifiK.), UDtil; — no^, I 

Siffm, m., — , bite, moisel. 
Hft,are,art; j« f dn. 
SUtnni, n., 'CT, diocese. 
»Ute,/, -n, cequest. 
tittra (bat, gtbetnt) nm, to ask 
for; beg, request; Sßlttt, please. 
blHfen (blie«, gtbCafnt), to blow. 

ffltOtf, n„ -CT, lent. 
etou, blue. 

bfciten (blitb, Qeblltben), to re- 
main, atay; fte^n — , lo Mop. 
Kdl^, pale, pallid. 

u„i,„. ..Google 



SreifHft, m., -t, pencil. 

eiU, m., -t, took, gUnce. 

iMt», to look. 

blieB, sa bleiben. 

JDtS, le« b(4ta. 

ttiab, blJDdi rin «rmba, a blind 

i\.\^6l*tV, quick as k Saab. 

IlMb, blond. 

Hti, bare, only. 

blt^ai, to bloom, Sourish ; — b, 

8l>tttC,/„ -n, flower. 

6(xmat(tlB3, m., *e, wreath. 

SlmtcidciiHe, /., -n, corolla. 

BttBlldn, «„ — , little flower. 

etat, n., blood. 

»dt«,/.. -n, bloB3om. 

b«fl, io^ta, see biegen. 

OoftK, m., ', arch. 

Sinnen, «., Bohemia. 

l!t0b»cnMll>i m., Bobemian For- 

Si^nc,/., -n, bean. 

B<rt*,/., -n, bark. 

Sorfto^elr m-, ', Borslori apple. 

tafc, bad, wicked. 

SBolt, t»., -n, messenger, 

bta^'^r ^^ bringot. 
Int^ttit kar, je« barbringat. 
iSranb, »., ^e, firebrand. 
Iranbca, to surge. 
JBiatm, «n., — , roast. 
itmiftB, to niake use of, need. 
Irum, browQ. 
brav, extellect, gallant, wortby, 

titi^e« (btof^, gtbWil^en), to break. 

Stet, »f., -«, broth, porridge. 
btctt, broad, wide. 
ÜKitni, to spread. 
»irai», n., Bremen. 
Btcntoli, n., kindting-wood. 
Üri^t, breaks; see bittren. 
BriBtt'te, Bridget. 
SrlOe,/, -n, spectacles. 
brinseit (btai^tc, gebraCbt), to 

bring, to take to. 
bringt, brings. 
SrambrtrbHf^, m., t, black- 

beriy bush. 
XtrimibeKe, /., -n, blackberry. 
8r»t, n„ -t, bread. 
Srui^jabl, /., -en, ftaction. 
fflritrfe,/., -n, bridge. 
Sntber, m., -, brother. 
bdlbtrtil^, brotherly, like k broth- 

— , weU. 

«ruft, /, -(, breast. 
Sibe, m„ -n, boy, fellow. 
önd^, ».. -er, book. 
Sitdft,/., -n, beech. 
9tti^erfif|Taid, m., t, book-case. 
»nftftobe(n), «., — , letter. 
bm^ftabie'mi, to apetl. 
bni^jidblit^, lileral. 
MdtB, refl,, to bow down, stoop. 
tmälig, humpbacked, bmupy. 
»äffet', n„ -6. buffet. 
Bnabeä^eUiRtKin, n.,' 'er, sanc- 

tuary of the tribe. 
kirnt, colored. 
»ttrbe,/., -n, bürden. 
»nrfl, /, -en, foitified castle. 
»Urfler, «,. — , citieen. 
SttTgcniieiftet, m., —, mayor. 

„i,„. ..Google 



BBrgtrfIdg, «., -t, aidewalk. 
Bnft^fiedh, /., -n, hedge of brush, 
Bttttnr, /., butler. 
tSnUetbUtmt, f., ~n, buttercup. 

Q|tK)e',/., chemisti7. 
tmm, «., -e, choir. 
önril'M,/., -n, couBin, 

ta| there, tben ; conj., since, as ; 

— fdn, to be here or there. 
b«Ad', at it, in doing so, with it; 

a)«!*, B., -«, roof. 
Sai^bedct, «., — , roofer. 
tttüitt, ste btntm. 
bobni^', by it, throi^h it; ba'« 

tmi), thereby. 
bafttt', for it. 
bald»', at home. 
ba^', along; bo'^r, therefore. 
ba^bi', along. 
ba^'-fi^idtai (f«ritt, etf^dt' 

tcn), to walk along. [away. 
bol^''ilt^ni (jBB, BtJOB"!)- to go 
Snne,/., cbeckers. 
tanrtf, with it; conj., in order 

thftt ; ba'nttt, with this or that. 
S)aill{lf^ djimg,/., -m, sCeam best. 
Sanififfl^, n., -t, steatnsbip. 
^Mtmart, B., Denmark. 
Suif, m., -e, tbanks. 
banfb«, tbankful. 
bannen dat., to thank; bunte, I 

thank you, thanka. 
hiMii tben. 

bacnt', at it, in it, oezt to It. 
baraxf', on it, on which ; bo'niif, 

there upon, after. 
baron«', out of it. 
bitr<b[iBfl«i (tiTa^tt, täxaifyt), to- 

oSer up. 
bntdn' (tHtrin'), in it. 
bdrf, ste btti^. 
baniii^, for tbat. 
hn-fteSeii, to expreu, ttate. 
banttn, at it. . 
blnim, therefore. 
bnntn'ttt, under It. 
boe, this, that. 
bd^Cdn (mar, ttOiilta), to be hera 

BT there. 
Mtm', there. 
asatto, m., -t, datire. 
bueni, to last. 
boDon', of it ; ba'bnt, of thia. 
bnjB', to it. 
b«3n''fc^, to add. 
Xtät, f., -n, cover, ceiling. 
S)«ld, m., — , Cover, 
btdcn, Cover. 

btlnen, to streich, expond. 
Sid^, m., -t, dike. 
bdn, thy, your. 
beninte 'im, to decline. 
aeWntef'fe,/., -n, delicacy. 

bentttäg, humble. 

benen, those, to those. 

beuten (bai^te, gebaut) an, to think 

of ; refl., to imagine. 
3)et^eii^tt, n., — , memento. 
bom, then, for. 
bantp4, nevertheless. 
bei, Ue, ba6, the; rel, which, 

that ; dem., thia, that, he, sbe. 

u„i,„. ..Google 



IcKK, of them, their, of thü. 

kttftl'bt, it, tbe aame. 

M^alb. thcicfore. 

kcff«, of tbai, whoae. 

bcjta, thc. 

kcatti4r distiiict. ' 

klttf4, German ; ttn X)eutf^, a. 

£entfi|Iiitk, n., Germany. 
S^ttn'tcr, «., December, 
JÄtMumtf, m., -ttt, diamoDd. 
M4, thee, you. 
M4t, dose. 
SiÄW, m., — , poet. 
au, Ihick. 
kUldMs, thick. 
IrteS, «., -t, thief. 
Mown, to serve ; ju — , al yonr 

Wiener, m., —, serrant. 
Sitsnf (^ir^i /., lervants. 
2lteKfl, m., -t, Service. 
StMfitKSr "•-. -«, Tuesday. 
SicnftmAkt^ai, m., — , lervaiit- 

Uee, this. 

Ucfc, theie, the latter. 
UeBintlr this Urne. 
Stag, n., ^, thing. 
Kr, you, to you. 
asiftrt,/., -n, thiwie. 
Msibtetf , divided. 
bM^, auiely, indeed, piay, dol 
SftlK, m., gen.,-«, pl., 'htItWxm, 

Smino, fl., dominoes. 
3)nu>it,/., DsDube. 
^•nanSlafl, m., ~t, Thursday. 

Sfcf, «., 'tc, Tillsge. 
£iTf4ai, «., — , liHle Tillage. 
S*rfflrat(,/., -n, viliage street. 
SoTH, »B., f ««., -«, ^i., -«I, thom. 
hmt, tliere. 
knt^, tbither, Ihete. 
Xn^t, m., 'C, wire. 
biuißai, outside. 
btC^M, to tum, twist. 
kid, tbree. 

bnJ^KHlWTt, tbree hundred. 
btti^ig, thirty ; — ft, thirtieth. 
Xrclbm, «., city of Dresden. 
biiBgat (bntns, gcbnmeen), to en- 
ter, penetrate. 
kritt, third. 

S)ritte(, »., — , tbird. 

büPfini, aboTc. 

Stvf^Ie,/, -n, back, Coach. 

^efftl,/., -n, thrush. 

blttbta, on the other aide, 

blllllcs, to presB, oppress. 

bnutcn, belov, 

bn, tbou, you. 

bnfttab, fragrant. 

bnmin, stupid. 

Slilitliii^cit, /., -Ol, Supldity. 

bnntel, dark. 

Xttitlel^t, /., darkoess. 

bann, thin. 

bin4 iflcc), through, by, bjr 

means of. 
bnn^onl', throughout, positively, 

quite, altogether. 
bnt^be^'ita, to pierce. 
bnn^'ltifni, to pass tbrough. 
bnn^fi^nci'bni (bur^fi^nltt, bun^ 

f^nitten), sep, or insep., to tra- 

verae, pierce, cuc Ibrougb. 



bun^t^nommoi), sep. or insep., 

bttn^Mt'ben, sly, cunning. 
bttt^tDMlWTB, sep. or insep., to 

roam through. 
Utefn (bucfit, gtbucfl or bUrfai), 

to be allowed, may ; ^m. 

(«nia, t^ tmf. 

^ttlfl, M., thlTSt 

ttOI, just, exactly, simply, just 

Ctnif«, just so, the »ame. 

Cbcl, noble, graciouB. 

Cbtttnnm, m., -taltC, nobleman. 

CbClpeti, m., -t, predous stone. 

Ott,/., -n, comer. 

e^e, before, ere. 

e^n, early, sooner, more easily. 

C^K,/., honor. 

C^ttnuert, honorable. 

C^rfnrdlt, respect, awe. 

e^tUl^, bonest. 

eil whyl 

&, n., -tt, egg. 

ffiii^t,/.. Hl, oak. 

Gil^^Bni^eil, »., — , aquiirel. 

ett«*f*,/,-n, liwrd. 

tigen {dal.), own, peculiar. 

etflenfil^aft, /., -tn, quality. 

eiBWifil^aftSlDart, ».. ■•«, adjec- 

dgntli^, really. 

filtattttn'li^, peculiar. [liarity. 

«iarattnliil^Mt, /., -m, pecu- 

tüm, to hasten. 

dlig, hasty, quick. 

ISiltUIr *"■. — . bücket 

fitt, dm, <ta, ort., a, aa ; namerat, 

ein, adv., in; — unb aus, in and 

finan'bn, one auother, each oth- 

GtütoKb, m., t, binding. 
ctD'bitgCM (bog, etbogtn), to tum. 
(bt'MngcM (bnmg, gcbnmgtn), ta 
penetrate, force one's way in. 
dxfai^, simple. 
tfH'fa^teB (fu^, zeiti)Xtn), to ' 

tbf^aZtä (fiel, s'f<>Oci>)> <'^-> to 

ehriflt, some. 
GinlgMl,/., unity. 
rin'Ic^at, to put up, stop. 
rinmal, once, some day ; tS mttt 

— , once upon a timc there was. 
rin-paifai, to pack (up). 
(i>t>rii4tat, to arrange, adjust ; 

rtß., to establish oneself. 
GinriiQtMg,/., -cn, furaishing, 
cia'tUdcM, to march in. 
dal, one. 

ctlfam, lonely, alone. 
cfaufannitlit, to collect. 
ti»>itlpn, to put in. 
ete^ some day, once. . 
Cta<^etfeR, to anest. 
CtaftBififl, of one story. 
ein- fragen (trug, Bctragm), to 

bear, bring in, yield. 
eta-tntex (trat, getreten), to enter. 


u„i,„. ..Google 



dt>uaib(ii (iDanbtt, imaabt), to 

(HaUrifXtt m., — , inhabitant. 
<£iaa"^If/. Singular, 
tinjtln, Single. 
cte^jic^ (jDB, gtiogtn), to en- 

etfbU, m., -m, polar bear. 
etfea, «., iron. 
fftfm»«SM,/., -m, railroad. 
rifmi, iron, of iron. 
Slbe, /., the river Elbe. 
QUftBt', m., -m, elephant 
Ütl'txiftl, electric. 
SlctnentiU'fi^Kk, /., -V, elemeo- 

tary school. 
Cfeab, miserable, 
elf, elevcQ. 
elfMtctacm, of ivory. 
Hmutt», m., — , elbow. 
(Hfaft, M. or n., AiMce. 
<iUnti, fl; parents. 
&m|Pf>llS'i "><< "tr reception. 
Rnffangnt (tmpftng, eni;ifangat), 

(hnpfaafld'iitnttitr, n., ^, recep- 

tmVflBg', IM nnpfiingm. 
mtpiir', up, upward. 
ciniiaT'-nttten, to climb up. 
tllitlOT'>ftTaiAttl, re;!.. In stand on 

m))ar'<ftrtbtti, to soor up. 

tm^M,', indignant. 

(fnbe, n., ;eti. -«, ^'., -n, end ; 

am — , perhaps. 
enbß«, finally, at last, 
eng, ctose, tight. 
Qa^UiVbtt, m., — , Englishman. 

nigliftt, Engtish; bu Cnglifi^, 

English (language). 
<£ate[, m., — , grandchild. 
tnUtttt'ttU, to do without. 
Gstkc'dtmg, /., -tn, discovery. 
«lue,/., -n, duck, 
nitfcnlt', distant 
eotfMf^f , fleshiess. 
e«t8t'§a<-iie*Mi (jOB. «ejOBen), to 

go to meet. 
eatgeg'UB, dat., to reply. 
«t^ol'ttn (mt^tlt, tntdolten), to 

ca&'Mflat, re/l. u>. gen. obj., to rid 

CXtla'ltftI, dat., to draw from. 
CBtrat'fetn, to deciphec 
tatf^d-ben (mtf^ltb, mlfc^ieben),. 

oitfi^at'eca (Rttfi«ro6, tntf^Iaf. 

(en), red-, to decide. 
cntfdllifi' IM cntf^licgcn. 
cntfi^itl'Mgni, to eicuse, pardoa. 

<Etltfc'^ai «., horror, tecroc. 

ta^pMgta («itfpTane, enttprutu 
flni), to arise. 

eitue'bcr . . . ober, either or. 

nttnri'^cs (cntnlii^, mtioli^ai), to 

CMtmt'lttrtl, to develop. 
CBtjit'itai, to delight, enchant, 

charm ; — b, delightful, charm- 

'S«nri|">'««f /■. -1. carriage. 
CT, he, it. 

afutttat», riß., to have pity. 
erbau'n, to build. 
ntaM'Hi^, edifying. 
<Slk, n., inheritance. 

„i,„. ..Google 


ttWän, to observe, See. 
©rt*. /. -"< earth; ouf — n, on 

ffirtgtfi^»6, n., -IT», ground floor, 
IStfa^ntsg, /., -nt, experience, 
ec^H'bn {CTftmb, Rfunbtn), to in- 

Crfolg', m., -t, success, result. 
Ccfn'btn, to require. 
ecfor'fi^cai, to find out. 
CcftOi'eK m,reß., to Uke pleu- 

Crftenf , pleased. 
crfitl'len, to fill. fulfill. 
Rge'^oi (etfllnfi, (rfionam), ««^, 

ur. daf. 0ft/., to go with, to fare. 
CrgB'Qen, re^., to detight. 
ctgrei'fot («flriff, CTflilfftn), to 

take hqld of, sebe. 
Ct^C'btB, noble, eialted. 
et^t'bCM (n^Ob, tr^abnt), to raise ; 

tt^t'benb, Inspiring. 

er^oü', JM etiitbai. 

cr^o'Icn, rtfl., to rest, recover. 

erfen'Bni (ntanntt, ntannt), to 

recognize ; — Uli, to know by. 
ntCmt'It^r greteful, tbankful. 
tttlit'at, to declare, explain, 
CrfU'niitfl, /, -CT, declaration, 

nntt'tCTM, to climb. 
VÜitK'itU, to allow, permit. 
Slltfe'sU, «., -ft, event, eiperi- 

raldd^'tcr«, to ligbten, make ea- 

trUttHt'ttn, to ligbt up, illumi- 

ScIM', («., -t, proceedB. 

mnra'ttTB, to encourage. 

tnUl'ttS, to nourisli, sUBtain. 

tmtt, earneat, solemn. 

ftrntf, /., -tl, harvest 

abff'UK, re/., to present oneself. 

ttmA'it», to refreab. 

<£n|lri'Anig, /., -at, refreshment. 

cnt'flca, to arouae. 

end'l^, to reach. 

crfAoI'Ioir to resouad, aound; 

— lofTm, sound abroad. 
Rfiftei'Kii («fd^lm, nft^mtn), ta 

cifill'aen (ccfattn, «fonntn), to 

tbink out, devise. 
ffirfj«r'«ll, «., -fTe, saving». 
CTft, only, first ; b« — *, tbe firM ; 

itfet — , not until now, 
tt^at'ttK, to freexe. 

erftavstn Ubei, to astonUh at. 
erftaim'lii^, aurpriaing, astoniih- 

crftaimt', astonisbed. 
erftri'atii (oftlte, erftttscn), to 

erft«, tormer. 
tnvali'Ieit, to cboose. 
tttoüii'i sce crtDcrbot, 
cmai'tcm, to await, expect. 
cmri'fai (mvie«, tnoitfCT), to 

croei'tcni, to increase. 
cttttt'fitit (emaTb, nuoTboi), to 

cmi'bcnl, da/., to reply. 

u„i,„. ..Google 




RSai'IOl, to teil. 
S^Mfi^of, «., t, archbiahop. 
c^frtf4iflf4f archiepiscopal. 
SqStHige, H. M., mouataloa 
containing oie (geographica! 


Qfd, m., — , donke)', aM. 
ISUhnn, m., -4, esquimo. 
Cffn (116, Bffltff«»). to e' 

STTen, meal, dinner, supper. 
Gffttt, n., cjty of Esaen. 
Ciitif4, m., -t, dinner-tabte. 
GfijItllMa, »., — , diuiiig-FQom. 
CÜill^, some. 
(toaS, someChing. 
Ml^, you, to ;ou. 
encr, your. 

tSxta'ya n., Eun>pe. 
GM^ /in- <£un, your. 
tttigr ever, eternal, everlasdng. 

gobf(,/., -n, fable. 
gabrlC,/., -CT, factory. 
gRbrtl'ftobt, /., t, manufactur- 

ing cily. 
^I^nicrf, n., framework. 
3f>bc«i n., ', thread, 
fa^toi (fu^i, gtfo^Tcn), to drive, 

ride, go. sali. 
gfa^mül, n., 'n, bicycle. 
3fa4<1tll4I, m., '(, elevator. 
Sfo^rlMg, m.,~t, drive way. 
SfO^^CHS, n, -«, vehicie, cratl. 
gaU, >»., '^e, case, fall. 

(«Hai (fl((, gefolIttO, to lalL 

falft^, false. 

faltig, wrinkly. 

^Mi'Iie, /., -n, fainily. 

fuii, tet flnbm. 

fuflei (ftna, gcfangm), to catch. 

fBMgtr Catches. 

g^titroMt, *., -et, fem. 

(■Ifeit, to seize, hold, set, take 

bold of. 
foft, alraost, nearly. 
fonl, foul, rotten, laiy. 
Sml^cit, /., laziness. 
gcfemc, m-, February. 
Sftbn,/,, -n, pen, feather, sprii^. 
Qfebttbctft, /., -n, feather bed. 
gftlln^altCI, m., — , penholder. 
fcgta, to sweep. 
ff^Itn, <f(K., to be Ucking. 
Qrritt,/., -n, Service, celebratioo. 
felnn, to celebrate. 
gMKt>Si n-> -C' lioliday. 
3d|t,/.. -n, fig. 
fein, fine, delicate. 
8da5rit,/.,-m, nicety. 
fjfSa, »., -(T, field. 
3t(fnt, m., —, rock, 
gfelfotUiank,/, -(, walL of rock. 
grCaflCT, »., — , Window. 
gltBftnfalWR, m., ', or — , shutter. 
^Cltjtcrfi^tibt, /., -n, window- 

fcni, distant, far. 

gtnie,/., -n, distance. 

S«ft,/. -n, beel. 

gftffet,/.. -n, fetter. 

feffcbl, to fetter. 

feft, fast, ürm. 

gfeft, «., -*, feaat, festivaL 

„i,„. ..Google 



gfCftntg,/., -nt, fortrcM. 

fca4t> moist, damp. 

gfCMt, »., — , fite. 

gtacrSgtut, /., firelight. 

3rianfl4rt>i •«-. firel^ht. [meiit. 

SrnnUellT, /., -«i, fire depart- 

^iHtttuimm, m., t, pine-tree. 

fltl, ste faQm. 

^ ein, jee tinfalUn. 

fiabni (fanb, gtfunbai), to find; 

8u(t — an, to find pleasure in. 
(big an, ue nnfongtn. 
gffagcr, m., — , finger. 
gfteierflri^e, /., -n, finger-tip. 
gfintcudn, m., -e, old wine. 
3ftf4, m-, -t. fish. 
9fif4'l^r ">-> — I fishermao. 
f[«4, flat, even. 
»(a4t,/.,-n, plane, 
gfloi^, m., flai. 
Sftennie,/., ~n, flame. 
8f(<f4t,/., -n, flask, bottle. 
flattern, to flutier. 
SIetf, m., -e, spot. 
flehen um, to impiore tot. 
fle^enll, aupplicating, imploring 
fleütifl, iodustrioua. 
ftlifen, tu patch. 
fltege« (flofl, fleffofln»), to fly. 
ftic^eR (ffi^, geflD^cn), to äee. 
fßffte« (Pol, fleftoffen), to flow. 
Stotfe,/., -n, flake. 
g^Ugef, m., — , wing. 
»faH, «.., -ffe, river. 
gftnt,/., -en, tide, flood, waters. 
fplgen-, dat., foUow; dnct ®f 

)D0^5*it — , to give way to a 


frfgenb, folbwing. 

^BIVX,f., -en, form. 

fort, away, gone, torth, on. 

fort^fa^ten (fu^r, t^o^ttn), to 

continue, drive away. 
fort-geien (fling, aeflonaai), to go 

frt-fi^Wen, to send away. 
S**8*f /., Ml, question ; eine — 

fleSen, to ask a question. 
fragen, to ask ; — nai^, ask for. 
gnuiirBrt, M., Frankfort. 
SlUlrcii^, n., France. 
StTtnjtTc, m., -n, Frenchman. 
franjB'flf^, French. 
gran,/., ~ai, woman, mit, Mrs. 
^iBnlcin, »., — , young ladj, 

frei^, impudent. 
frei, free, open, frank ; — ^erou», 

frankly; in« gtdt, into the 

couDtry, into the open air. 
3(tei^tit,/., ~en, freedom, liberty. 
freilit^, to be sure, of course. 
greitcetipe, /., -n, stoop. 
fremb, stränge, f oreign ; bet 

gmnbt, stranger. 
freflen (ftaS, BEWfm), to eat (of 

gfrenke, /., -n, joy, pleasure. 
frenbenteer, joytess. 
grenbentrllnc,/., -n, tear of joy. 
fraien, rtß. (an, über), to rejoice 

in, to be glad of, pleased with ; 

et freut mi^, I am glad. 
Sfrennli, «., -e, friend. 
fiennblit^, friendly, cheeiful. 
^mnbf 4<ift, /., -en, f Hendship. 
3ri«b*(«}, m., peace. 



gfliA^af, m., t, churchrard, 

frUbtf^, peaceful. 
gfticbri«, Frederick. 
frif*, "fresh. 
fri|t, tet fwffoi. 
gli^, Fred. 
fcaf), joyful. 
ftS^IU^, merry, joyful. 
ftmm, pious, good. 
Sreinniiefrit, piety. 
Slffd^, m., -t, frag. 
gni*f,/,-t, fruit. 
fttt^, early; in an« gm^(, very 

ftfl^n, forroer, formerly. 
grt^IblB, «■. -«, spring. 
gftfl^ftttlt, n., -(, breakfast. 

Sabn, n., — , load. 

SttBt, /., -n, seam, erevice. 

ftttUn, to feel. 

fn^i ^, see fortfii^n. 

fn^ bin, lee Dotfa^tm. 

ftt^tni, to lead ; jum Wmbt — , 

to put into one's mouth. 
gffl^nir m., — , guide. 
tfttfiaatuai, m., -(nita, driver. 
SK^nKtf, n., -t, vehicle. 
fuaoi, to fill. 
ftmf, five. 

gfluiltW, m., — , spark. [of. 

fix, acc., for; niaS — , what kind 
anr^t,/., fear, 
fnil^tbar, dreadfui, fearful. 
fSti^tM, to fear; — D01, tc^., to 

be afraid of. 
fn^tlvä, fearless. 
9)tr^, Ol., -Ol, mooarch, prince. 

-•er, pronoun. 
9xft, m., t, foot ; jn — , on fooL 

9xfttabai, m., -, floor. 
SfKftBcbaf, n., -e, ankJe. 
8fKef»4Ie,/., -n, sole of the foot. 
gStM, n., fodder, food, feed. 

tßt, sobai, see geben. 
©o6e,/., -n, gift. 
eabcl, /., -tt, fork. 

@itn:8,/, t, goose. 
Slnfebrain^ta, m., - 

flOKJ, quite, whole. 

gU, very ; — ni((rt, not at all ; — 
tdn, none at all ; — ntf^tS, 
nothing at all ; lidKt — , on the 
contrary, not at all. 

&at%t,/., -n, sheaf. 

Sattn, m., ', garden. 

&aS, n., -t, gas. 

Sodann, m., -t, gas-biacket. 

eadbe((«i4traa>/-> -m. gas-light. 

Saffe, /., -n, lane, alley, aide 

Soft, m., t, guest ; ({^ ju — e bit* 

ttn, to invite oneself. 
Saft^nmtld^ftft, /., hoapitality. 
Sajtftnbc, /., -n, guesi-room. 
SafttDtrt, tu., -t, inn-keeper, 
@atte, ffl., -n, husband. 
@aal, n., t, farm-boise. 
<SmmtM, m., — , palate. 
S«Hlt'kc, n., — , building. 
Qkflein', n., -c, bones. 
gtbn (flab, neflfben), to give; e« 

flibt, there is, there are. 

u„i,„. ..Google 



Qkkf , «., -t. pwyer. 

%tUt'tat (gebot, gcbotai),ta Order, 

»eUr'ge, t 

flfta'toi, bom. 
gcbft', ste gdrictoi. 
Btbran'i^eii, to use. 
%tbttil'üitt, frail, invalid. 
Bc6ra'4titf ^t« brc^m. 
©rtlt^t',/., -Ol, duty, propriety; 

über iiit — , in eicess, more 

than necesstnj. 
&tfnatS'nt, «., -t, binhplace, 

StbKttl'taa, m., -t, birthday. 
&ta, m., -CT, fop, fool. 
9*b«B'le(»), »»., — , thoughl. 
gcbtn'Icn (gcba^tt, ectNugt), to re- 

member; bafl ttid Ji^ bir - — , 

you sball pay me toi that. 
OkMl^t', n., -e, poem. 
@tllTAlt'gt, »., crowd. 
flCbtiHBf , crowded. 
«tbnlb', /., patience. 
©efa^r',/.,-^, danger. 
BCfB^t'Il^, dangerous. 
fl^'lM iat^ä, gcfaüai), ioJ., to 

Uke, please ; IDll gcfflUt 3^iun, 

how do you like. 
€kf«g', 'C, veasel. 
itfrt'^, voracions, greedf. 
Befnn'bQi, jtv finbcn- 
gCflnt, MC, Hgaicst, toward. 
gtgenfriHg, one another. 
giflnfi'bcr, i^., opposite. 
@tgninatt, /., prcsence, 
■ ^ttßn'ft, «., — , waicb-caae. 
Bt^ei'llit, sacred. 

gtltoi (giiifl, stgonetn), to go. 

Be^Bnn, (fot., to belong. 

fle^t, gocB ; see ttifttt. 

Stift, m., -a, spirit, aoul, ghoBt. 

®tUtlf'tac, ■>., laugbter. 

fleUl'BCn, to come, get, reach. 

Btib, yellow. 

(Süb, «., -CT, money. 

e)clb6Brfc,/.,-n, purae. 

@eIc'Bnt4'Ü|/.,-cn, opportunity. 

BClt^Tf, ieamed; b(T 0cl(^(, -n, 

@tICKl', n., -t, Joint, 
gclia'Bni (B(^i idmi%m), imf^ 

VI. dat. ob]., to succeed. 
QCllnib, shrill. 

Stiert, Gellen ; German poet. 
Btltn (galt, geSBltCT), to be 

worth, to coftcen»; t« gilt, it 

coacerns ; — für, lo tie valued, 

considered. [ment. 

@tmll(!^', »., -tr, loom, apart- 
OtmtiH'bt, /., -n, Community, 
ffietntt', «., -a, soul, hean. 
BMitH', ezact. 
&tuttal', m., t, general. 
@ntttill, m., -t, genitive. 
geni('f|ai (gmog, itntffm), to en- 

joy, receive. 
floifft', jse flml(6en. 
Qnmg', enough. 
«esgnuiftte', /., geography. 
fletiflf'fei, j« pfeifen. 
BCprte'fen, vaunted, See pteifen. 
Btra'bt, straight, just, eiact. 
9«AitfiS'VMf,ittia, m., ~, beadle. 
Bcrins'i small, little. 
SeTins'*fi^at!eii, to treat with con- 


u„i,„. ..Google 



fCtna'ttF^r German, Teutonic 
fltni, gladly, willingly ; ii^ tff( — , 

I like to ut. 
«krftt,/.. barley. 
Seifwilfaft, m., mcftd, beer, 
geri^rf , moved, aSected. 
(Btfatü'tt, m., -n, embassadoT. 
@tf«llB', m., t, song, cfaant, 

»eft^fr, ■., -t, huainem. 
Bef(*8f' tt|, busy. 
eef^lftf'^ni«, «., '«, busiaeM 

«tf<^ifö'(talfie, /., -n, businesi 

happen, do. 
®ef(H«'te,/., -n, history, story. 
flCfd^ilft', clever. 
@tfi|U4t'r n., -a, race, sex, gen- 

@cf((md'bt, n., jewels. [teis. 
Scfi^nri'ftet, ^t, bratbers and sis- 
ecftg'Bet, blessed. 
@cfctter "'-I ~f^i joumeyman. 
©efttt'f^aft, /., -en, party, so- 

fltf tf 'fes, jw flfttn. 

@tft^', n-, -e, law. 

gtfe^t', sedate. 

®efii!^l', n., -n, face, s^bt. 

©efil'be, n., seryants. 

Qttfin'ninig,/., -m, opinion, sen- 

gcftvr'litn, see^rtim., 
gefnRk', healthy, sound. 
©(fBBb'^ril, /.. -m, healtb ; — 
ouBbringm, to toast. 

gcttUf, divided. 

Setiefbc, M., grain. 

Sttn>', faitbful. 

gettfft', fearlesa, «infideat 

@ttiat'tn, «., — , god-faiber, 

good friend, neighbor. 
SawtlC, /., -«n, force, might. 
gtUHirtis, mighty, powerfal. 
®t»(f'f«l, »., — , conscien«. 
ttmiti: sure, «rtaiti. 
(Stmifttt, H., — , thundeT-ttorm. 
gcDa^'Tcn, to observe. 
getnCfni, see fein. 
Scnp^n'^eit, /., -m, habit. 
gewinn '[i4i usual. 
g tu Stuf , vaulled. 
gi6t, givcs; see fibm. 
gtftig, poisonous, «enomou.. 
gixg, see qtijm. 
ging vvnm, see Dontnuc^ 
«hofft, /., -n, giraffe. 
gtnt«, to coo. 
®(aitj, ffi., splendor, lustie. 
gtünjcn, to shine, glitter. 
ISlüS, »-, 'a, glass. 
eiaftr, m., — , glazier. 
&lai\ä)xata, m., -e, china closet. 
glatt, smooth, polisbed. 
glaKbn, to believe. 
gtrii^, dal., equal ; juat then, at 

once, immediatety. 
ilüdm (glii^, etgli^en), dal., to 

equal, be like. 
fllcil^nio^C, nevertheless. 
lleUen (alitt, Btfltltttn), to glide. 
Qllttf^tt, n>., — , glacier. 
©Htb, n., -rt, lirab. 
©I»ift,/., -n, bell. 

mm^, »., — , uttie bea 

„i,„. ..Google 


<SIM, n., fortune, taclc, happi" 

tÜMi^, bappy, foTtunate. 
@[8dUilUtf4i «•-. '(. coagratula- 

tion, good wishes. 
Slft^tB, lo glow. 
iSottift, Goethe; German poet. 
9tü, »., gold. 
gfCtett, golden, 

eribiinfln, m., ~, ring-finger. 
Solbgin,/., greed for gold. 
Qlalbgnibt,/., -n, gold-mine. 
@*Ibliflt, /., -n, box containicg 

&t(bn1)mm, m., — , gold frame. 
©olbftfitf, n., -(, gold coin. 
©Ott, m., ■•«, god ; bu Hefter — I 

@atttebfetlft, m., -c, diviae ser- 

©Mb, «., 'tr, grave. 
grabt, Btraight, just ; see gmibe. 
®«lf, m., -m, count. 
OrafTi^aft, /., -ta, county. 
Sramna'tU, /., -tn, grammar. 
Kranit', m., granite. 
©raJ, n., tt. grass. 
©raämltlll^ai, n., — , little whjte- 

Sritg(l4> horiible. 

©rttt,/., -n, (flsh-)bone. 

gratilic't«, to congratulace. 

iran, gray. 

greifen (griff, ö«8riffo<) nn*- to 

seize, soatcb bL 
©TMje,/., -n, froDtier, bouadary. 
gceagea an, la border on. 
SrfeiW*, Greek. 
griff, see flrelftn. 

®tiff, «., -e, handle, 

eriffcf, m., — , pistil. 

©rdl, m., ill-1 

flrofi, large, big, great, tall. 

©Tifiettcni, pl., grandparents. 

©i:»^4<^*Si '"■• ''r Grand Dnke. 

©rt^^eqagtnm, m., fi, Grand 

©togniHcr,/, •; gtandmotber. 
Qrogvater, m., ', grandfather. 
gntbei um, jm umgraben. 
©nift, /., t, vault, 
StUtt, green ; bo^ ©Tun, green. 
©nmb, ffi., ■(, reason, back- 

©rttnbR^Mt, /., thoroughness. 

flTflnnt, to become green. 

©nift, m., -e, greeting. 

Stuften, to gieet. 

©nnfl, /., favor. 

gut, good i @uttfl ermelfni, to do a 

®nt, n., -ei, possession, propcrty, 

©tttCr/'i goodness, ktadnesa. 
glttig, kind. 

4>aar, «„ -e, hair; aufS - 

., possession, proper- 


^«ben (^lt(, gd^bt), to have. 
^dbcni, to quarre), nrangle. 
^afca, m., ', barbor. 
^aftHflnbt, /., 't, harbor, sea- 

*«fer, «... oata. 




^B^H, m., t, coclc, stopcock. 
^KX, m-, -t, forest, grove. 
toU, half ; ~ tlf, half past ten. 
^•Urtnftl, /., -n, peninsQla. 
IjantlCT^un'Bnl, hali-starvcd. 
Solf, I« ^dfm. 
*i(fte, /., -n, half. 
(aKCB, to sound. 
tfüitu (liidt, fletiattm), to hold, 

(ambing, n., Hamburg. 
^ub,/., -e, haad, 
^onbaibeit,/., -«l, embroidery. 
^aiib|ia4*f/'. -n, pal™- 
^anbgelod, n., -t, wrist. 
fanblnuBöMmn, m., — , clerk. 
^■ttblttife«, m., — , back of the 

^KÜtuäf, n., 'Ci, towel. 
^aKbtMrtrr, ««., — , artisan. 
^■100 (^ing,geFianeni)an,tohaag 

from, cling to. 
^aNgen, to hang. 
^ütlSt, bangs. 
i^atiä, Jack. 
^nnnloS, harmleM. 
^atminttt', /., -n, barmony. 
tun«, ffen., to wait for. 
^art, bard. 

^flTj, m., Harz Mountains. 
^Ofe, m., -n, hare. 
^aftlftlOHi^, nt., 'er, hazel-busb. 
«aft, /., haste. 
^nfl, bave; set ^abm. 
(nftifl, hasty, rash, quick. 
tlifflUt, ugly, homely. 
(Ot, faas ; see ^bm. 
«Ottc, j» Iwben. 
^■iife(ll), m., — , heap, pile. 

Idafls, often, frequent. 
4ail)lt| n-, '^1 head, chief. 
4aiitilftaU, /, t, capital. 
^<iIItit»Brt, »., -n, noun. 
4<Utä, »., tr, bouse ; jU — t, at 

bome ; no^ — e, home. 
^anSatit, m., t, family phy- 

^inet^tH, fi., ■— , little house. 
^an^ftnt, m., -t, hall. 
^anlttcr, «., -e, domestic ani- 

^asIUtl, /., -fli, front door. - 

^bta (^ob, e^obm), to Uft, raise. 

^dbt,/., -n, heatb, heather. 

^eibelbtra, »., Heidelberg. 

^tibCHTMIdn, »., ~, wild rose. 

4^ril, n., welfare, 

^eUoab, m., savior. 

^CR, to heal. 

^ig, holy, sainted. 

^igcx, to consecrate, tnake aa- 

(cimifi^, home. 

^cim'fn^ca, to visit. 

4>timtt(B, «., -t, way home. 

^cine, Heine ; German poet. 

^einttl^, Henry. 

^ri^, hot. 

4df|«t (We6, fltSrifeen), to be 

called, to bid ; bo« (icigt (b.E|.), 

tbat is. 
^tl^t, b called. 
^dtet, cheerful. 
^c[a, goddess of the lower 

4t(b, m., -tn, hero. 

^tlftn (^F, gefiatfen), dat., to help. 

felgriutb, I 

u„i,„. ..Google 



^n, clear, bi%ht. 

^iätt, m., — , faitbing. 

^Clm, m., -t, helmet. 

^emu,/, -n, hen. 

^rr, bither, beie. 

iftni', down. 

5«w*'.ftelgra ((tita, BEfHtflCTi), to 

Qtnin'>tTctea (trat, getnlm), to 

l^cranf, up. 
icraxä', out. 
ifäa^''iommttt (lam, getaininni), 

4mM!8''(cicscn, to find out. 

^wdita'-itti« (jofl, atjoan»)/ to 

pull, draw out. 
^trbd', up, aear. 
4etBd'<4<d("r to fetch. 
^nbt{'<ntiil«i, to beckon to ap- 

^ttüft, m., fall, autumn, harvest. 

^rrBfttag, m., -t, autumn day, 

^trll, m., -t, beartb. 

^(rte,/., -n, herd. 

Inda', in. 

|ti:({it''tttttn (trat, %,tiutea), to 

enter, walk in. 
^ct'flieaai (flog, B«Pi>fl«n) ""». to 

Sy around. 
^erittfl, "»., -t, herring. 
Sitet, m., gen. -n, fl. -tn, mas- 

ter, owDcr, gentleman, Mr. 
larlii^r splendid, glorious, ei- 

cellent, beauliful. [dor. 

^mlli^fcU,/., -tn, glory, splen- 
(ntT^O, to ruie, reign. 
iftnm''^t%tu (jioB, fltftDfloi), to 

By about. 

^enrat'»Kl4n, to band amund. 

4tn), to crawl about. 
|fniii''fi|kDCxIctt, ''f^., to swin^ 

^tnaf'uMtai, ttfl., to woik 

^tnat''Wxita (btiH^tt, gdra^), 

to produce. 
^CRiiir''Un8ai, to take out. 
^WJ, «„ gen. -tnS, fl. ~m, heart, 
f^ns^Illfr /■. great joy ; tuu^ 

— , to your heart' s content. 
^nglit^, heaity, cordial. 
|eC}Stnd^nib, heartrending. 
^CM, n., hay. 

^OKIttlt,/., -n, hay-harvest, 
^Olte, to-day. 
$tefl, 1)1., -«, blow. 
|lctt u, j<« itn|aft«n. 
iUr, here. 

Illnanf, bereupon, then. 
^imint[, m., — , sky, heavcD. 
$immc(Ri4r «., beavenly king- 

^immeUmtn, m., t, heaven. 
^tmmdft^IllJTel, «.,— , primrose, 

^n, thither; — uitb ^, to and 

4{itab''ri>f|Tn (fu|r, gtfa^nn), to 

ride down. 
^n«b'a«|]ittimta, see ^xiabaä^ 

|{iiab''iidi«n (na^m, etnammtn), 

to take down. 
|tBa6'>fi^ttReii, to look down. 
^tttiib'>tDanbtTit, to descend. 
lltnonf, up. 

u„i,„. ..Google 



tfimta»''^tU, to hüten out. 
^tmM«''flt|ai (gbig, gcgntecn), to 

go out. 
^butMil'-fninai (lain, flctemtnoi), 

to come outside. 
^an0''f tl^ (fa^, fltfe^). to look 

1fiu^''\tltn (fo^, atf^^), to look 

4tBriii'>t«i (tat, getan), to put in. 
^•gebcB (gab, gcgdot), to give 

ffiM'tttitx (Bbifl, atBOngoi), lo go 

^ivxelaca (na^, gtnommnt), to 

take away. take from one. 
'^iM-^ttfM, rifi., to ait down, 
^tatn, du/, or ace., behind, 
^tcrhrtt«', behind them. 
^tnltfÜfl, wily, cunning. 
^intntti,/., -m, back door. 
^ÜUtS'tftf dawn. 
^utBH'tn-fa^m (fu^, gtfa^nn), 

lo ride down. 
^buüttftti (tvorf, gctDutfot), to 

throw down. 
^iaim''ftt(a, to add. 
^irfi^, m., -t, atag. 
^trt(e), m.,-n, shepherd. 
4}frtexfnabt, - m., ~n, shepheTd 

^iTtemNtfee,/., love of a shepherd, 

Christian love. 
^trtcnVftiTc, /., -n, reed-pipe. 

*H*,/., heat 
^Ml heml 

%aät, high. 

|«^a<ttair to eBteem. 
^e4gtcl^rt, bighly honored. 
^■4<»tr >"-. haughtiness. 
^•^■Itttlg, pioud, haugbty. 
^M^f^tle, /., -n, high school, 

^•f, t, jard, (»uit. 
^•ffeii, to hope. 
(tfli^, polite, couTteooa, 
$«ft«T, »., -e, farm gate. 
^St^t,f., -n, hetght, Bummh, top. 
^o^nlat^, n., scomful laughter, 

Qetei, to fetch. 
^pOOBb, »., Holland. 
^•(ii «-. 'tr, wood. 
fo^ni^inat, m., — , wooden 

|lmt, to hear, listen. 
4>Kijnt', m., -(, horizon. 
^tfnif ff.f -^CT, hom. 
fpfratafl^,/., -n,trouserpocket 
^afetftn, n., — , hane-iho& 
«ftrtt,/.,-n, hip. 
f^N^K, II., 'W, fowL 

^nU,/., gmce, kindness. 

^irab, m., -t, dog. 

f|fi)ifeii, to hop. 

$11^, m., cough. 

^nfttn, »., Husum (a town). 

^Ut, m., '<, bat 

^tra, to guard, tend, keep, hcid ; 

ha» Sßm — , to he coDfined to 

^«te,/., -n,hut. 



i^n, bim, to him. 

l^a, him. 

l^t, her, to her ; her, tbeir ; jou. 

3^r, you; your. 

im — in bem. 

Imnci, alwaya; — plitt, larger 

and laiger. 
immnbn, alway«. 
3ra)ientfD, m., t, imperative, 
tu, rfa«. or acc, in. 
inbem', at, while. 
inbeffen, however, meanwhile. 
gnUnt, n., India. 
Sn^oU, nt., -{, Contents. 
tun«, inner; ba« 3nntw, the in- 

innerfl, i 

■ in b 

gnTl^Tif t, /., -cn, Insciiption. 
Snfrtf, n.,een.-i, pt.^, insect. 
3nfeI,/.,-n, Island. 
{Rtttcffant', interesting. 
ttqui'fi^tn, meanwhile. 
irtrtf*, earthly ; baS ^rbifillt, the 

eaithly, human, 
tegenb, some, any. 
tritnbma, somewhere. 
tn, wände ring. 

inen, to en ; rtfl., to be mistaken. 
^talic'iin, m., — , Italian. 


j*, yes, yea ; of course, you know, 

3agb,/., -m, bunt. 

Sagb^lmbr m., ~t, bunting dog. 
jagca, to bunt, cbase, race. 
gagn, «., — , hunter. 
3a|t, M-, -(, year ; aSt — t, every . 

Sa^ttdllin^ftl, )R., new year. 
^niinäiafil, f., -CT, year, 
3c§waiett,/.,-tn, season. 
Sla^C^vn'bnt, n., -t, Century. 
3animet, m., lamentatioD, pitiful 

ianmeni, to wail, lament, mourn; 

imp., to pity. 
Sfaniai, m., Janueiy. 
jaus^l', yes indeed. 
je, always, ever ; i( . . . btßo, tbe 

. . . the. 
jtba:, itte, ItbtS, each, eveiy. 
jCbcrmann, everybody. 
jcb^ijbcr, any, every. 
JtBH4. tverj. 

temanlr, aomeone, anybody. 
Jenn, ]cnt, imtS, that. 
[enfeit(e), gen., beyond, tbe otfaer 

Jtüt, now. 

3»*, n., -t, yoke. 

3ilf|aBn, Jobn. 

3milB, gtn. 0/ Jupiter. 

3nbe(, m., rejoicing, jubilation. 

3nlle[nifr ">., -t, sbout of joy. 

3nn, «.., July. 

jnng, young. 

Sangt, m., -n, boy, lad. 

SmillfTlUt,/., -m, idrgin, maiden. 

SttngSng, m., -t, youtb. 

3«tti, «.. June. 

3l»>te, m., — , young nobleman. 

SUtlonk, H., JutUnd. 

u„i,„. ..Google 


«tfot, «I., — , beeile, 
itafftt, m., coffee. 
lla|f«ltlft|((,/., -n, coffee-mül. 
UÜfi, bald. 

ItatfR, fw., — , emperor. 
lUn, »., '■a, caU. 
SttSUlafi, «., '(, calf's bead. 
ftnlea'bni m., — -, calendar. 
StaSt, m., Urne. 
(alt, cold. 

ihimel', «., -e, camel. 
flaniH'flmä, m., -t, mantlepiece. 
Satnm, m., 'c, comb. 
ftanttncT,/, -n, Chamber. 
flamVfi '»-. ■"'. combat, stniggle. 
Stimpftt m., — , warrior. 
fiuttibat', m., -m, candidate. 
ttaat, can ; see Ilnneii. 
tmnit, ste fmtun. 
JtanB'ne, /., -n, cannon. 
Jtant,Kaiil;Germaii philosopher. 
Itanstl,/, ~n, pulpit. 
ftotKl'lc, /., -n, chapel. 
fttrt, Charles. 
JtafCT'at, /., -n, barrocka. 
ftaff*,/., -n, pay ofBce. 
ftajtn, «., — , box. 
S«4<^tB, ft., — , kitten. 
»«Üt,/., -n, cat. 
lanfcB, to buy. 
ftoallabcii, m., ', Store. 
ftanfmam, m., -Inilc, merchant. 
(uifmtltnir*^, tnercantile, busi- 

(aam, scarcely, hardly. 
Ittn, (ehu, bin, no, not a. 

ftCt4r "■. -«. calii. 

ftMBtnU,/., -ffe, knowledge, mc- 

itnl, m., -t, fellow. 

Ätri, »t., -«, kemel. 

ftettt,/., -n, chain. 

JHtl, «., dty of Kiel. 

ttin», n., -et, child. 

üablii^, childlike. 

ftbui, H., -t, chin. 

fttt^e,/., -n, church. 

Jtin^Irin, «,, — , litde church, 

Sin^ttttm, m., '(, chuich-tower. 
Ätrfi^t,/., -n, cherry. 
ftfifi^bitHm, m., 'e, cherry-tree. 
ftlaei,/-, ~n, coraplaint. 
lUglti^, pitiful. 
flUltg, m., '^e, aound. 
nol^eni, clatter. 
nn, clear, bnght. 
fllofft, /., -n, class. 
ftlnffacjinittR, n., — , class- 

Jtlavfei', »., -e, piano. 
Älet, «»., clover, 
aitto, n., -«, dress. 
JtldtÜtfl^nUlI, m., t, ward rohe. 
ntbl, small, little ; bie fildiun, the 

liitle ones. 
flebtintttg, dejected. 
Rettera/to ctimb. 
ItiinOC,/., -n, blade. 
RliAatif/-. -n, bell. 
ninsen (Oang, eefCuitscn), to 

souDd, ring. 
QnpftH, to knock, rap. 

„i,„. ..Google 



nvg, clever, prudeuL 

Staut, m., -n, boy. 

buld, snap, ciack. 

burtn, to creak. 

flmeilll, V,., 

SMt, «., -t, inet. 

StnUitU m., ~, knuckle. 

Ä«»fp*,/-, -n, bud. 

(htflttel, »f., — , Club. 

Itw4, m., «e, Cook. 

IM^, to Cook. 

fli*U,/., -n, coal. 

flilK, «., Cologne. 

fDnmtfl (fdtn, dtf^minni), to 

come, get. 
ftmnmo'bc, /., -n, bure&u. 
Isnint, come»; jer tommni. 
finnig, m., -t, king. 
fliltiiAllt, /., -tun, queen. 
tumiidt, ro)'«l. 
fiMsrd4, »., -t, kiDgdom. 
fttotgöfena, n., citr of Känlgs- 

ftMingfltimi', /., -Ol, conjuga- 

tMtngle'KH, to conjugftte. 
IMmni (Innntt, gttonnt), can, to 

be able ; prei., ii( (oioi. 
fistif, m., 't, head. 
fivpf^at, »., -t, hair. 
flipfHffai, «., -, pillow. 
Stt^Utf), »., headache. 
ftvrb, m., «e, basket. 
ftarin't^et, m., — , Corinthian. 
fllcnblBint, /., -tt, com-flower, 

bachelor's button. 
ficntfattttncr, /., -n, graoarr. 
fionmoKl,/, t, field-mouse. 
SUrptt, m., — , body. 

Ia^b<IT| pTccious, costly. 

!ll^«, to cost. 

(0ftli^, delicious, deUghtfuI, ez- 

fcai^I Crash t 
ha^M, to cnsh. 
Stcaft, f., t, (trength, migbt, 

haid, sick, fli. 

Stmäx*%n», n., 'a, hospitml. 
fitan}, m., t, wrealh. 
ItOli^aartg, curly -haired. 
ftmtt, It., -er, berb. 
SMuUT\*1t, m., *e, decoction dt 

Ärtltl*!, »., — , little herb. 
ftnbjJeaig, m., crab's walk. 
fitelbt,/., -n, chalk; auf b« — 

{t(^, to be in debt. 
firdi, m., -t, circle. 
fttmj, n., -t, cross. 
Mtiftk (friK^, Scfro^m), to creep. 
fltttg, m., -t, war. 
firtegn, m., — , warrior. 
StrteflöflaH, m., --tt, god ol war. 
fttitg^jdl, /., -<n, time of war. 
firftoMt', »., -t, crocodile, 
flt«*,/., -n, CTOwn. 
iltMe, /., -n, toad. 
tramn, crooked. 
Stt4t> /-. -n, kitchen, 
ftttll|Cllf4lUl, m., t, drcBMl. 
Ä«l./-. -^i eow. 
U|[, cool. 
tt^tcn, to cooL 
UM, bold. 

fin^ftaV, »f., f, cow-ahed. 
Ihttaf, m., -<, cuckoo. 

u„i,„. ..Google 



ftnuft,/., t, «rt. 
Jtnfttrft, m., -m, elector. 
bnj, shoit, quick, a littlc 
fttfl, m., -(fe, kiss. 

£afel|rtH4', »., -t, labyrinth. 

Ut^ellt, to smile. 

la^M, to laugh. 

lobtn (luti, edaimt), lo load. 

Sabal, m., -, Store. 

la^nt, lame ; dn ga^tiKT, a lame 

Summ, n., 'er, tamb. 
Saume,/., -n, lamp. 
Smb, n., tr, land, country; auf 

bein— <,in thecountry;^» }U 

Sunbt, ia this country. 
iMkn. to land. 
SaaMarte,/., -n, map. 
Soakmami, m., -Initt, f armer, 

SanMflt4t, »>„ -e, footsoldier of 

the Middle Ages. 
SOBkftia^,/., -n, highwaj. 
[a>0, long ; — c, mli'., long, a long 

time; fo — t, as long aa. 
langfan, slow. 
Ungft, long. 
I«|(«B (Hcg.flttaffen), to let, leave, 

lel enter; allow; cause, make. 
£aß,y., -CTl, bürden, load. 
&«fl»«fltB, t«, , — , eipress wagon. 
(tf|t, lels ; ite laffm. 
fiatdn', n., Latin. 
itt,HfM,f., -n, (street) lantem. 

Saab, K., follage. 

Saitbhl4i "-> 't^r i^"^ ^ leaves, 

StU&BCtDilttw, H., -n, festoon, gar- 

lanfCE (üefr Belaufen), to niti. 
Itnft^, dat., to listen to. 
lant, loud, aloud. 
Unten, to sound, read, 
lantn, sheer, nothing but; dear, 

Stbm, H., life, activitjF. 
Icbtn, to live. 
lebenb, living. 

Sebndja^r, »., -t, year of life. 
£rtenätoeift,/.,-tt, manner of life. 
lebhaft, Jively, vivid. 
ledtn, to lick. 
£cbn, n„ leather. 
leet, empty. 
legen, to lay. 
Seb«", «■> — fief. 
Sebn, "., day. 
Sebne,/., -n, back. 
Sebnfeffel, «•., — , armchair. 
SebK, /, -n, teaching, instruc- 

lebren, to teach. 

SebtC, m., — , teacher. 

S«tt, «., -et, body. 

Sei^entbK, m., 'C, funeral dirge. 

Scutenjig, »»., t, funeral pto- 

lef^t, light, easy. 

Sei^tigfeit, /., ease, facility ; mit 

n, m., frivoiity, careless- 

ßeib, »., gen. -3 or -mB, pl. -en. 

„i,„. ..Google 


grief , Borrow ; ti tut mit Mb, I 



Simeat', »., -e, raler. 

hibtn (litt, eelltten), to suffer, 

litrf, left. 


ItnU, left, OB the left 

Seintn4, »., -tt, sheeL 

£l|t,/., -en, strategy, trick, cun- 

JietalDOBk,/., linen, canva*. 


gclnuaKb|>rc, /., -n, linen tcou- 

litt, stt teibett. 


Kfeen, to praise. 

SdHtfl, City of Leipsic 

llfel, praises; w« loben. 

Idfe, low, 5oft. 

£•4, n.. -et, hole. 

gdftw, ».., — , last. 

Sfeffel, «.. — , spoon. 

S«(tr, «., — , ruler. 

£«1!,/., logic. 

8t«j, «., -t, spring. 

£<«■, «., '(, reward, wages. 

Scatnrb', «>., -en, leopard. 

Is^ten, dat., to pay, rewaid i t« 

Stx<^t,f., -n, lark. 

IglRtt FI4. it Is wortb while. 

lOTWB, to leam. 

(oe'bm^en (brai«, etbiiHgen), to 

£tfebK4, n., 'a, reader. 

butst out, break forth, break 

hfw (Ins, fldffnt), to read. 


tci!t, last. 

SDft^bUtt, «., 'er, blotter. 

lelst«, latter. 

t»ä<lafl« atel, fldaffm), let go of. 

Ütatt, pi., people. 

SattO, n., game of lotto. 

fltlltnant, n>., -t, lieutenant. 

giwe, n., -n. Hon. 

fii«l, «., -«, light, candle. 

£lt4«, «., -f, lyns. 

fiifttmifl,/., -en, Hearing. 

8«ft,/., -e, air. 

liefe, dear ; — ^abn, to love. 

Inftfa, airy, brcezy, lofty. 

2ie»e,/., love. 

Iü9«l, to lie. 

BeltB, to love. 

£lli'fe, Louise. 

liefen, rather, bettel. 


liefen*, lovely. Idteh. 

— finhman,totakepleasurein. 

Siebltnaegerti^t, n., -t, favonte 

tnfHfl, merry, joyful, happy, gay. 



liefet, loves; I« Htbtn. 

Siei, ».. -er, song. 

ffloaß,/.. Maas river. 

Siebten, n., — , litüe song. 

mai^CR, to make. 

lief, set laufen. 

MAi^t, makes; i« tnodfren. 

liefe«, to fumish. 

ffllB^t,/., -e, might, power. 

Heg« (tofl, fldtijen), to lie, b« sit- 

mill^tfB, mighly, poweiful. 



u„i,„. ..Google 


SRogaglM', «., -t, Store, maganae. 
!R«gb,/., -t, servant, maid, 
XRagtftral', m., '^, magistrate. 
Sna^OBD'at, •>., mahogan^. 
SRk^I, »., -c, mcal, repast. 
9R«4^ett,/., -m, meal. 
WUtwmfijtm,/., -n, mowing ma- 

»tef, m., May. 

aR«i«IM4«i, «., — , Uly of the 

SRfttB, n., river Main. 
SRoieftat', /., -Ol, Majesty. 
ffial, n., ^, time, instance; hrrf- 

mKlen, to paint. 
SSnltr, M., — ^, paintec. 
moQ, painta; sa malen. 

BUtn, one, they, people, ne 
naii4, ntany, many a. 
SRoagel, m., -, want, need. 
XSaxit, fli., 'CT, man, husband. 
munilgfaltlB, maaLfold, 
Snaaaldn, «., — , Httle 
mttmtfit^, male, maaculine, man- 


SRari'e, Mary. 

ffiort, «., marrow. 

Warft, m., 't, market, market- 

XRarft^iItlf, CT., -«, market-place. 
nanntlfteiiinii, of marble. 
Wn8, Mars ; god of war. 
ffitt^, m., March. 
Woft, je», -rt, ?i. -tn, mast. 
Stsf), ,., 

— m, beyond 
Sltteriat', ».,'-ien, materiaL 

Uat^cnttU', /., mathematics. 
aRotM'l«,/., -n, mat--— 
nonn,/., -n, wall. 
SSum, m., — , mason. 
man3,f.,t, mouse. 
atOldl^, n., — , littie mouse. 
ainfttt, to catch mice, steal. 
DUnTetlitM, m., Mouse Tower. 
nnflMfentfl, n., Mecklenburg. 
SRett, »., -e, »ea, ocean. 
ne^, more; nit^t — , do langer. 

mt^mttcUe, usually, generally. 

me^Tcn, seveial. 

ant^TSK^I,/., plural. 

ajWtt, Meier (name). 

fflleUe,/. -n, mile. 

mein, meliic, mein, my ; ber — e, 

mrinen, to thick, mean, saj. 
■»rincttDCgnt, for my sake. 

vadoUB. SRrinnH,/., -cn, opinion. 

Wtlfta, m., —, master. 
SSctfterltltlf, »., -t, mastecpiecB. 
aRelDbiC, /., -n, melody. 
SRemtl,/., Memet river. 
SHenge,/., -n, multitude, crowd; 

a great many, great quantily. 
SRntTl^, m., -tn, man, human be- 

mtnf 1^114, human. 
SKeffer, «., — , knife. 
SRetalt', n., -t, metal. 
nUl, me. 
»Hene, /., -n, mien; moi^te — , 

showed any int 

„i,„. ..Google 



TOI*,/., milk. 

nilb. mild, kind. 

mtnbcr, less. 

Stintial', »,, -itn, mineisl. 

mlmtB, mious, less. 

aHten'lt,/., -n, minute. 

SRtut'ttnjciecr, m., — , minute 

mix, me, to me. 

V^nttäfS, m., f*ilure of crops. 

9tifiDCr0ltüe«t, n., aanoya.nct, 

«tit, dat., wjtb. 
aRlttSi, «., -«, noon. 
Stlttaeleffn, n., — , dinner. 
fflHHe,/.,-n, middle. 
mU'teilni, to communicate, teil. 
SRittelbtntf^laak, n., Central 

aBUttIflnB«:, m., — , middlefinger. 
SMiHmuHi^t, /., t, midnight. 
milMtTliieilt, meanwhile. 
aRUlWm^, m., -t, Wednesday. 
Wtbtl, «., — , piece of tumiture. 
nh^te, should like ; see mBgoi. 
mtlgtn (moifite, eniiD^t), may, to 

be allowed, like; prei. iä) moB. 
tnllgHli^, possible. 
aSmib, m., -t, moon, 
SRmitas, m., -<, Monday. 
aR*«S, «., -e, moas. 
nPTfi'llfl^, moral. 
iRmgat, m., — , moming. 
fOlttttnttifja, m., breakfast. 
aNototnlaab, «., Orient. 
tnotseaf4i>r beautiful a» the 

SltBTSenfhinbtr/., -n, hour of the 


»•fd,/, river Moselle. 
aRMnnagcn, n>., — , mo 

~, little gnal. 
WItit,/., -n, piat. 
ffillftt,/., -n, tcouble. 
Ottllt, /., -n, mill. 
mU^rini, wilh difficulty. 
SBüIltt, m., —, milier. 
mnltiplfjlt'm, to multJply. 
SRttnh, M., -f, mouih. 
Dnmhm, to taste. 
mflRbni, to empty into (of rirers). 
Stttatanir /-, -tn, moutb (of a 

niHlfer, gay, merry. 
man», to grumble. 
SRsft'nn, »., anufcen, museum. 
m«(il',/„ music. 
aRnfil'dMieUe,/., -n, music band, 
maffn (mu61(, a«nuB'), must, to 

be obliged ; prts. i^ (ttufe. 
«i>^, set mürfm. 
mitfiifl, idle. 

SRftfFlgg«aB, m., idleness. 
SDhlt, f»,, mood, spirit, counige. 
SMutttt,/., •, mother. 
SRBtftr4nt, n., — , granny. 
aßiitt(rf))ra4t, /, -n, mother 

Wi%t,f.,-n. cap. 

U^, dat., to, for, after ; biS — , M 

ffiai^bar, m., -n, nejgbbor. 
91a46irtK, /., -nm, oeighbor, 

neigbbor's wife. 

u„i,„. ..Google 


Mi|beil', ahtr. 

■aii<cUn, dat., to hüten tHer. 

Uäft^t* (smfl, etgangm), to be 

slow 1 retard ; dat., to ga >iter, 

wMii'Snin (grui, gcgnbtn), dat., 

to dig for. 
■a^^n'. after, afterwarda. 
Stai^nUUtg, m., -t, aftemooa. 
wt^Tti^WK, to reckon up, calcu- 

tun^ffreiagnt (Titrans, etfprungoi), 

doj., to Jump aftcr. 
tB4il, nen, nearest. 
■MlHtt^ (ftanb, geßonbm) an, 

dat., to be inferior to one in. 
aai4'fn4ni, lo look up. 
Sßlll^l,/, -«, night. 
9Is4ti0SlI/ /-, -tn, nightingale. 
fla^taSi^tn, m., — ,night watch- 

na^Mlt, /., posterity. 
Wit, naked ; dn 9Iaif t«, a naked 

SoW,/., -n, needle. 

SROfleli «., *, nail, 

na^(t), dat., near, nearby, dose. 

Sa^e,/., neighborhood, vicinity. 

Ut^ra, re;!., ifiiJ., to approach. 

ao^m, ;» lu^tn. 

namt(t), n., — , name. 

Katu 'lernt, Napoleon. 

Kan, n., -eil, fooL 


anfcMcU, impertinent. 

9tllfTe,/., dampness. 

aa^, wet, damp. 

aatimal', natkmsL 

»•tat',/., -tn, nature. 

wütr^, natiml, at cour 
artca, doL or oec., beside, ni 


Wetoilaft, flt., -ffe. tributary. 
■ctfl, <to., besides, togetber with. 
Snfar, m., Neckar liver. 
Kofartal, n., ti, vatley of the 

Ktfft, M., -n, nephew. 
a^moi (na^, goiommat}, ta 

nrtb, n.. envy. 
»eta, no. 
Kouea (nonntt, fltnamtt), to call, 

»tft, n., -tr, nest. 

n«t ^$a, n., New York. 

aii|t, not. 

8H*te,/., -n, niece. 

rit^td, not hing, not anythiog. 

mitl, m., nickel. 

aldtn, to nod. 

»le, never. 

alebn, down. 

■itbtifl, low. 

alemaU, never. 

alenaab, nobody, no ooe. 

Klmatet, never. 

Kifpfaifft, /., -n, bric-a-brac. 

RitfltnM, nowbere. 

XM^, still, not; — dn, another; 

— einmal, once more. 
Slaiahtatli), m., -t, nominalive. 
91inbbeatfi^[aali, «., North Ger- 

SlKbn, m., north. 

mIMUII, northem, to tbe north. 

„i,„. ..Google 


9Iinbf<C,/., German Ocean. 
91>t|/-, t, need, want, necesstty. 
nptle'rai, make a memorandum 

nMg, oeceasary ; — ^01, lo 

notlnntMg, necesaary. 

nntm'btt, m., November. 

mti^tcrt, Bober. 

Ülttlllinn, /., -n, number. 

mm, now, trell. 

taa, only ; just, do ; nif^f — ... 

fonbem (ou^),Qot only . .. but. 
91nt!cn, m., profit, advaotage ; — 

iitftm QUB, to profit by, tuen lo 


Ol oh[ 

$b, whether, if. 

•kcn, above, at the top. 

•tn, Upper. 

Clrnmn, «., -t. upper arm. 

DberbAnt, m., •, top garret. 

Ofitrianf, »>., 't, upper courst 

•fegldl^', ahhotigh. 

DSft, n., fruit. 

Ofcftliattiii, m., '(, fruit-tree. 

abua^I', although. 

04f(, ».. -n, ox. 

DSer,/., riverOder. 

obtt, or. 

et«, m., ", stovc, Oven. 

offen, open. 

Affentn^, pubüc. 

OlPjlWf "».. -i, officer. 

BffntB, to open. 

CffwitlS, /., -Ol, opening. 

aft, often. 

■Im, (KC, without. 

Dfiv, m., gtn. -», pl. -OT, ear. 

CÄrTtlgc,/., -a, boi on the ear. 

CUn'kr, m., October. 

tl, n., -t, oil. 

£)l0CtattIke, »., — , oil paintiDg. 

Onlct, m., — , uncle. 

Cflfa, n., — , »acrifice. 


Dflfeni, (fuJ., to sacTifice. 

Drtnit!i4, thorough. 

Otbllltmfl, /., Order. 

Otgtl,/., -n, organ, 

Cri«t, «., Orient. 

Crt, m., -et OT -t, place, spot. 

O^en, m., East. 

öfteictl^, n., Ausiria. 

»ftlil^, to the eaat, eastem, 

ßMw,/.> tbe Baltic. 

Cjetl, »., -e, ocean, sea. 

9aaT, I 

*alaft', m., -e, palace. ■ 
»«(nie,/.. -n, palm. 
Variier', »., -t, paper. 
^■MltW,/., pasteboard. 
^at^ltn, »., town ot Parchim. 
$1[U', »., Paris, 
»atf, m., -e, park. 
Sanln«, St. Paul. 
»(Ig, «., -e, für. 
$enbel »., — , pettdulum. 
Swfim',/., -Ol, person. 
pn^in'lU), personal. 
$etfl'ilenma4ci, m., — , w 

u„i,„. ..Google 



Vfone,/., -n, pan. • 
Pfarre,/., -n, paisonage. 
¥ft|f«:, IB., pepper. 
Vfc|feiH4ft, /-, -n, pepper cas- 

»fttfCB (pPtf, fltpflfftn), to whistle. 
¥ferb, IB., -t, horse. 
W(l«nje,/.,-ii, pUnt. 
^flanme,/., -n, plum. 
^gen, to plow. 

))iüiet, piows. 

Pforte,/., HI, gate, door. 
¥f«ftm, m., — , poat. 
¥fBllb, n., -e, pound. 
¥^il«fati4'f *"'. -f, philosopher. 
^ftljPI',/., phyaics. 
flutte./. -n,plate. 
¥(«ttf«III, /., -CT, pUttorm. 
Ißlo^, m., 'c, place, spot, seat. 
Slo^tegcn, m., cloudbuist. 
ylattbeni, to chat. 

IßU^Ul, suddenly. 

|l[ni)l, coarse, heavy. 

)ltx8, plus. 

f Itf^ftfa, n., -», plusb sofa. 

fiat^n, to rap, pound. 

^ttt', m., -m, poet. 

»Dlijrf',/., Police. 

V^ftcrfta^t, M., 'C, uphoUtered 

^nntncni, n., Pamerania. 
^oftatnt, n., -tr, post-office. 
$aft^iui0, n., ti, post-office. 
$t<4t,/., splendor, magnificence 
fnüf^ttg, splendid, magni&cent. 
))ra^tem mit, to boast of. 
^ronflCH, to display oae's splen- 

¥rt»w|lä«l',/„ -«1, preposition. 
Prafatf, n., present tense. 
tntMgnt, to preach. 
VtcWbRf "»■. — , preacher, cler- 

%tta, «., -t, prüe. 
(nrifm (lirtefl, flcpritfm), to boast, 

laud, vaunt, praise. 
Viaigm n., Frussia. 
$rtc^ m., — , priest 
$rtl»t'4iittlr «-> '«Ti private 

Vrafef'fgr, »»., ^roWfo'wn, pro- 

$Mtnciui'bt, /., -n, promenade. 
$I«1U 9Iati<i4i! Happy New 

¥»ttf«»B, /., -CT, I 

¥«*t(, m., ~, poodle. 
Snlt, «., -t, desk. 
VnlVK, «., — , powder. 
$ttler, «I., — , turkey. 

qHStai, to torment, distress. 
Onen, m., gen. -«, pl. ~ta, 

spring, aource, 
dneHt,/., Hl, spring, source, 
qilttr crosswise ) — fültx, across. 

VttÜt, m., -n, ravea. 
fflab, »., tr, wbeeL 
ranlcn, to climb. 
r«f4, quick. 
Mfen, to rage. 




nai, Bi,, »dvice i — ^alttn, to de 

übe rate. 
Mltn (riet, eeraten), to advise. 
ffiollONe, »., 'er, city ball. 
fflatfel, «., —, riddle. 
MatffIftBfle, /., Ml, riddle, conur 

Otatife, m., booly. 

IBII^, TOUgh. 

9lmm, m., *t, loom, space. 
tta^i^m, to rustle. 
9ttifftua*fsait,/., -n, problem i 

arichmetic, reckomag. 
rt4l>«l| to cypher. 
ffiedlinuifl, /., -«t, bin. 
Slci^r rigbt, justice ; — ijabttt, t 

be right. 
ttdtt, rigbt, good ; at tbe right 

W(*tl right, on the right. 

Ktfeil to Stretch. 

ffltbt, /., -n, Speech, conversa- 

Mken, to talk. 

SDebetcU, m., -t, pait of speech. . 

tebli4r honest, fair. 

Kgt, lively, busy. 

«efl«Ii /-. -tt, rule. 

»lefle«, m., rain. 

teflen, re/., to stir, move. 

aitgtnjtft, /., -en, rainy season, 

Iteit'int, to niie, govera. 

ffiCflitncnt', n., -«, regimeot. 

tegHC«, to rain. 

8tcft, »., -t. deer. 

Ktt« (riet, flftitbtn), to rub. 

Ki4 rieh. 

Bltt^ »., -t, empire. 

ttt^Ct to reach, give, band. 

wif, ripe. 

ittfoi, to ripeo. 

nei^t, /., -n, row, series : ba ~~ 

nn^, in the order. 
Md^enfulflt,/., -n, order. 
Keiin, m., -t, rhyme. 
teil, pure, clean, clear. 
gitinli^ttil, /., clea&liness. 
Wrife,/., -n, joumey, 
tttfen, to travel. 
ffidfaike, «I., -n, traveler, 
kUm (ritt, eeritttn), to ride (on 

«dttr, «., — , rider. 
ntjnt, to excite, charm. 
nt^nb, charmlng. [ivce. 

Ksncn (rannte, Berintnt), to nin, 
fficttim, »., — , race. 
HefibCMi'^t, /., f, residential 

city, capital of a small State. 
Ktttn, to save, rescue. 
{Rettnmfl,/., safety, rescue. 
nne,/., repenlance. 
W^tin, m., Rhine. 
rillten, to judge. 
ril^ttg, correct, right, reslty. 
tiei^ni (rat^, ecrw^), to smelL 
rUf, I« rufen. 
lief attli, see ouBniftn. 
tttfclll, to ripple. 
fRttr«l0tbitoe n., Giant Moun- 

Hfak n., -er, cattle. 

«taSe,/., -n, bark. 

9ttat, m., -t, ring. 

SÜMgct, «., — , little ring. 

{RinSflSgtt, «1., — , ring-finger. 

xhisd, around. 

riancit (nmn, eerminen), to run. 

u„i,„. ..Google 



ritt, rittai, tte Ttiten. [tain. 

MiltM ti H «, m., — , cavaliy cap- 
gisd, IB., t, coat. 
giagsn, m., lye. 
81 am, »., Rome. 
lafMfarten, rose-colored. 
gtMlctn, ».. — , little rose. 
«•6, "■. -ff(, «ecd. borae. 

ItttaifiB, Ted -checke d. 
«•Uni, Redbeard. 
Vl^M, ">■. -*<. Redfox. 
Slaifni, m., — , back. 
rfidm, to move i jur ©ei« — , to 

move up. 
»fltffrfte,/., -n, rear ade, 
Itdndttd, backwarda. 
Bhtf, m., -t, call. 
rufe» (tief, amifoi), to call. 
Btfistn «., Island of Rügen. 
%H^t,/., rest, quiet. 
Btl^ebaRf , /., •«, resting place. 
T^tn. to teat. 

Bla^efHitlt,/., -n, resting place. 
Ka^ttag, i»., -t, day of rest. 
ra^l, quiet. 
tfl^Dim, to praise. 
tt^rtn, to move. 
raub, round. 

St&ftnig, /., -et, armor. 

esRl, m., @af(, hall. 

Sri^c, /., -n, thing, object, af- 

fa4^<^r Deuter. 
Sat^fm, »., SaionjF. 
Sud, m., t, sack. 
fSm, to sow. 
Saft, Ol., 'C, Juice, sap. 
eofle,/., -n, legend. 
fagni, to say, teil. 

fn^ an, i«c atift^ 
Sali, f'i -(' salE- 
fammeln, to gather, collect ; refi., 

to assemble. 
Satnmtl|ila4, m., t, place of 

SamSUg, m., -e, Saturday. 
SlMtl, f»., sand. 
Sunhlt^r, /., -«n, hour-glass. 
SMg, m., 't, song, chant. 
6«K(t ®DttftlCb, m., St. Gott- 

haid ; mouaiain in Switzer- 

€UB, m., «t, coffin. 
f«6, fafi«, j« fl^n. 
Sa^, m., '■t, sentence. 
faibtr, clean, nice. 
St^betnod, m., annoyance, joke; 

diwm «nm — antun or firiettn, 

to hoax one, play a practica! 

SÄu^, »., chess. 

S4*<4Wt(r "'• -<, S^i^e of chess. 

S4*d^tt[,/., -n, box. 

6i^be(M}, n>., ', hann, loss, pity. 

S<^'Fr "-. -«/ aheep. 

®<Wftt, M., —, shepherd. 

S^oCr '»-I ~<i w%> rt^uc. 

f^aQta, to Sound, resound. 
fl^aBaik, resounding, loud. 
®4ll(t>ld',/., -Ol, reed-pipe, 

„i,„. ..Google 



St^attjo^I, It., -C, leap-year. 

^äfaütm, lt., — , shado«, sbade. 

SlQil«, «., -t. treasure. 
f^ÜfbOT, valuable, estimable. 
f^Uftn, to vftlue, eateem. 
f^onni, to look, see. 
\iimutÜäf, dreadful, awful. 
S^anfenftCTi n., — , show win- 

Sl^anftl^^l, m., t, rocking 

f^Unmcn, to foam. 

Slftti **'< appeaiance, light. 

fi^eiiini (f^ien, fltft^en), to 

sbine ; appear, seem. 
^ifÜWi, m., -t, rogue, lascaL 
f^tltnt, to scold. 
Si^ntfel, thigh. 

f^eafni, to give, preseot. 
®(ft«g, m., -t, joke, fun. 
f^RJcn, to joke, make fun, 
Si^ennt,/., -n, bam. 
S^il^t,/., -m, layer. 
W'ittKfta send ; — nai$, send for; 

Bff^irft, clever. 
64i«fal, »., -t, fate. 
®l^ft, m., slate. 
S*i*feni(«üe, /., -n, alab (of 

Sl^tnbdn, «., -e, shin-bone. 
f^iefitn <S^t^, etft^ shoot. 
MlC^t, shoots. 

S4i^> "i -ti sllipi boat, Dave, 
f^iifliar, navigable. 
Sl^Ub, m., -«, shield ; toe — , -er, 

s^n, plate. 
ft^betn, to describe. 

S^iO^r Schiller ; German poet. 
64<llWfr >>>.> disgrace, insult. 
®l4U4t,/., -«it, battle. 
et^Iof, m., sleep. 
r4Iafen (f(^tief,fltf4Iafm),to sleep. 
fi^Utfeni, imp., to feel drowsy. 
Sd^lafsitnmtr, n., ^, bedroom. 
Sli^Iag, m., t, stioke, blow. 
fi^taacn (fi^tuB, fltf^IflBtn), to 

beat, strike. 
f4Utftrtig, quick at repartee, 

readj to strike. 
SttUlfotigltU, /., quickness at 

St^Uvge, /., -n, anake, serpeat. 

fi^Iut, sly, cunning. 

f4U4t, bad. 

ri41d<4ctt (F(%ri4, etfi^Il^tn), to 

crawl, SDeak, 
fl^IntitTB, to fliQg. 
fi^lii|en %nma, see ^nnnft^Idf^tn. 
Wi^tu m-it, a*f«I»ifm), to 

close, lock. 
f4(tlliin, bad. 
f4(i>ntntr, worse. 
SifüütU, m., ~, sieigh, 
ei^tittfl^K^, m.,-(,skate ; ®[^Titt> 

F(^uf) laufm, to skate. 
St^Isft, n,, 'ffer, Castle, lock. 
Sl^UffW, m-, — , locksmith, 
BdtlüMttK, »., ^, sip, mouihfiü. 

fi^Ingen utf, lee ouffi^aBm. 
e^lUfftl, m., — , key. 
ft^manftn, to feast. 
ft^ntittii, to taste. 
®4tntttRßiiSi f"-, -*f butteifly. 
Si^mitb, «., ~(, amith. [shop. 
S^miebe, /., -n, blacksmith's 

„i,„. ..Google 

■tt, snow-covered 

f4nnu(, spiuce, picttj. CS^Hftftlet, m., — , author. 

o adom. wiiting. 

to sniile with udaÜM- Si^rtftjag, m., t, chu«cter, let- 

@4riU, t»., -t, Step. 
Sl^BtUkt,/., -n, diawer. 
f<^l|ttn, bashful. 
S4l4tnm4ät, /., basMulnem. 
64M, ■•-, -t. shoe. 
SilaUtfedt,/., -«, lesson, bome 

@i^a[k, /, -tu, debt ; (Ink — on, 

are ta blame foi. 
e^nlMsfdt, /., duty. 
MoWa feblr ta owe. 
@4<>I'r/'> -n< school. 
S4Utr, «t., — , pupil, Scholar. 
SdlUlcrin,/., -ntn, pupil, scholar. 
SifatifMä, K., --a:, schoolhouse. 
Si^nlfnal, m., -fOIt, assembi; 

Sll|HUtr,/., -n, Shoulder. 
St^nljltiiiiici, «., — , school 

64UfftI,/., -n, dish. 
Si^afler, m., — , shoemaker. 
fd^ttttn, to shake. 
Sdinf, m., protection, defence. 
f4lt4^ bot 0^ gtgtn, to protect 

®4tt^«gitke, /., -it, riQe-corps. 
€l4U^, «t-, ~, protector. 
S^n^muiii, m., -•>«, policemaa. 

fl^nmiir weak. 
Si^ndi^t, /., -n, weakneu. 
Si^nagct, Bi-, *, brother-in-law. 
®4»ittSCriit> /-> -nni, aiater-in- 


S4*tikc,/, -n, edge. 
r^arikCM (f4iittt,Bcf4ntHai),tocut 

Sl^vitleT, 1"., — , reaper. 
S^aittniK, /., -lutl, reaper. 
64nM*ft<tbBr, m., snufi. 
6l|npfUlitUb>ft, /., -n, snuS- 

@4axntnir m., t, mustache. 
fl|pn, alread;, soon. 
fllMr beauliful, bandsomc. 
€4««>ft*te, m., -c, chimDey. 
e^afFi >"■> ■*«. 'ap- 
64ni>>Ir "■-, 'tr i^'oset, wardrobe. 
64'*<'^> "•■' ~-' ^"gli'i terror. 
fltmnil^, tenible, fearful. 
64|rritbll4r "'i '^i copybook. 
f^nUeit (f(^ri(6, atfi^rieSen), to 

write ; flroS — , to capitalize. 
SilTÜbtt, m., — , writer, clerk. 
S«rri»tlf4, m.. -t, desk. 
fi^KUn ((irit, Btf*rioi)f '" ciy, 

call, yell ; — um, to cry for. 
((^rritm (ft^titt, a^äjütttn), to 

walk, Step. 
f^ttc, lee ff^rritn. 
f^iitb, fd^riebni, see ft^iciben. 
e^rift, /., -m, writing, werk, 

„i,„. ..Google 


^ifmnXkt, f., -n, swallow. 
f4»MlO, to move, tremble. 
®4niailS, m., 't, tail. 
fl^narttini, to swarm. 
fliltM^, black. 
S^naTjUalb, «>., Black Forc! 

be silcnt. 
S^totin, »., -t, pig. 
S^tDein^TSteR, m., — , roasi 

S^IKi), /., Switzeiland. 
fi^ntr, heavy, difficuh, hard. 
S^Uietl, n., -er, sword.' 
S^mefWr,/., -n, siater. 
f^UimncK (Ft^ivoinni, gef^tDortf 

mnt), to swim, fioat. 
fti^S, six. 

fcd^eitiii^naHjigft, tnenty-sinh. 
fe^jt^nt, sixteenth. 


; btr - 

grn. -B, pl. -n, the lake. 
@«It,/., -n, soul. 
Seelntfrcnke,/., -n, great joy, de- 

®CtflaM,/., -(, seaport. 
€egni, m., blessing. 
feflKcn, to bless. 
M« (fo&, eefe^en), to see; — 

lUl^f to look out for, 
Stfjflfn^l, /., longing. 
feljt, very, very much. 
fri, be ; I« fttn. 
©ttfe,/., -n, aoap. 
fei« {Dkit, gctncfcn), to be; pres. 

14 bin. 
fttn, bis, its. 

fdanjcU, at tbat time, in bis 

fett, dat., since. 

feiÖem', since then. 

Seite,/., -n, aide ; jur — flfflai, to 

assist, help ; bfi — , aaide. 
6din1>t,/., -n, second. 
Sftm'bciseiHer, m., — , second 

ftlbn, seif, himsetf, herseif, 

fdbfl, seif 1 even ; tbemselvea. 
feCft^rteHb, of couree. 
felis, deceaied, blessed. 
feiten, sei dorn. 
fenlen, to lowcr. 
Senfe,/., -n, scythe. 
Septetn'ber, «t., September. 
©etOiet'te, /., -n, napkin. 
fe^e«, to put, pJace ; reji., to nt 

fenfeei, to sigh. 

fil^, him — , her — , it — , yourself; 

tbem — , yourselTes ; for llim- 

seif, etc. 
Si^et^eit,/., utety. 
fil^ttat, visibie. 
fil^tliA, visibly. 
fic, she, it, they. 
Sie, you. 
ftebm, seven. 

^benjI^riS, of seven year». 
Sieg, IB., -t, victory. 
fteflen, to tnumph. 
fle^e! beboldl 
Sitte,/, -«.sylUble. 
SUbet, n., silver. 

uwi,„. ..Google 


Stell, nt., ~c, Bcnse, mind. 

ei^, m., -t, seat. 

PS« (fa6, Beftfftn), to ait. 

fn, so, as, thiM ; f D . . . mit, os . . . u. 

f»9«', even. 

fagfeU^', at once, immediatelr. 

Si^ICr/., -n, sole. 

Sa^ll, m., •«, soD. 

frili^, such. 

@aaal', m., -fli, soldfer. 

f^nt, shall, ought to, to äave to ; 

is 5aid to ; frei, i^ foH. 
Sernmet, m.. — , summe r. 
Sninmntaa, m., -t, summer daj. 
fonktra, but. 

Smnafecilb, «., -t, Satuiday. 
©«■(,/., -n,s(in. 
®atmeBftnftctntö, /, -fc, ecllpse 

of the Bun, 
Smuntfl^cilt, m., sunshine. 
SrnrnenftTil^I, m., -cn, sunbeam, 
®miHndl^r,/., -m, sun-diaL 
fOBttiS, sunnjr. 
Smntag, m., -t, Sunday. 
fMnrtagS, on Sundays. 
fimft, eise, otherwUe. 
fvtgra, care, look out tot. 
Spot«,/., -n, crack. 
fpoltn, to split. 
Spant, n., instep. 
fporai, to save< 
fpttt, late. 
fpBttr, later on. 
®pa4r "■■. -ni, sparrow. 
fpaglt'mt flc^n, to take a walk ; 

— reiten, to take a ride (on 

SpKjln'SilnB, m., '■t, walk. 

@)w4t, M., -^i «raodpecker. 

Spcn, m., -t, spear. 

Spetif r •"■> — j gra'i^n'' "are- 

©peife,/., -n, food. 
SpeifdCanintet, /., -n, pantry. 
fpdfctt, to eat, dine, feed. 
SptrSxg, m., -t, spanow. 
fptrrM, to bar, dose. 
Spieg<(,M., — ,lookiag-glass, mir- 

epieflclfllod, »., plat« glass. 
SpttgcIf^eUe, /., -n, plate-gUsa 

fpidni, to play. 

SpitI«, m., — , Player, musidan. 
Spielplan, m., 't, playground. 
fpllf, pointed. 
Spl|(,/., -n, poini. 
fpottea über, to jeei at, make fun 

fpra4, SBC fpcK^en. 
€pni4',/.. -<i, language. 
fpnug, fptanflta, se^ fiiTtngciL 
fpnug Ottf, j« aiiffinriitatti. 
fpiaig Mu^, SM tuxWlirinBen. 
fpm^ea (fpn<i(», fleTpro^at), to 

Spm,/., river Spree, 
fprit^t, speaks; stt fprw^en, 
Spti4nnt, 1-, -«, proverb. 

fpritfe«! (fptofi, aeflitoffm), to 

fptbigni (fpirnig, a^piungcn), to 

jump, spring, 
@pC>4, m., t, saying. 
Sl. - ©antt, St., Saint. 
Staat, m-, g««. -ti, fl. -m, state. 
fta^, lee ftt^tn. 

u„i,„. ..Google 



Stakt, /., -«, city, town. 
etOkt^M, IL, — , towD, little 

StUt«, M., — , inbabttant of a 

Sta^I, m., Steel. 
Stoff, 1»., t, Btable. 
Stamtn, m., t, slem, tiibe. 
ftunntB aaS, to spring or be 

descended from. 
fluk, ftaabtn, ue \tt^ 
Stanb, m., 'e, position, rank. 
ftanbt, im — fein, lo be able. 
Stanbtt^, /., -nt, mantle-clock. 
St«cgarb, »., town of Stargard. 
ftflri, Strang. 
Stirfe,/., strength. 
ftare, stiS. 
flatt'fliibtil (fuib, scfunbm), to 

take place. 
Staat, m., dust. 
Stflttbfiibeil, m., '-, stamen. 
flci^fn (^0*, fleftK^ea), to prick, 

Stt44>a[itit, /., -n, bolly. 

ftnfnt, to put, Etick. 

Steg, m., -t, footpatb. 

ftdim (FCollb. Sfricobm), to stand ; 

— fUl.toguarantee; tait\tti)t'i? 

how are you? how is it? 
ftt^In (ftatit, Befto^ttn), to steal. 
fttfft, Stands. 

Stttg, m., -t, walk, path. 
fidflcn (Itite, Qt^tgen), to cllmb. 
SWn, «.,-^, stone. 
ftetatitt, stony. 
SteKe,/, -n, place, spot; on her 

— / f>-i 1° place of. 
fteHea, to put, set, place ; refl., to 

feign, pretend; ^te fli^ tot, 
pretended to be dead. 
SMIaiia, m., -m, attJtude, poa- 

Stntgtl, m., — , stem, stalk. 

fterten (ftutb, etßorbtn), to die. 

Sttm, m., -i, Star, 

SttnflBifttr m., — , star-gazer. 

Stetntnnbt,/., astronomy. 

ftetl, atways. 

pUfl, see ^goi- 

ftiefl anf, see ouffltigtn. 

©tiet, «., -t, Blecr. 

ftiH, still, quiet. 

ftiK'ftt^nt (Ftanb, etftanbtn), to 

stand still. 
Stinaie, /., -n, voice. 
flodm, to hall, come to a stand- 

StKAont, «., -t, Story (of a 

|t»I), proud. 

Stidj, ffi., pride. 

Stn4r *"-. *». stoik. 

®t. ¥etnö(ltn, n., SL Fetera- 

Strofgcri^t, »., -e, judgment. 
Strahl, «t., gtn. -i, pl. -m, ray, 

Sttoob, m., -^1 shore, beach. 
StrafitarSi »., city of Strassburg. 
Sttafit,/., -n, Street; auf b« — , 

Stntftenba^a, /., -oi, »treet rail- 

Sttafinbä^xuagta, m., — , stteet 

u„i,„. ..Google 


ftrttfOl, to Stretch. 

StTtii^, M., -t, blow, Micke, trick, 

@tieit, m., quartel, dispute. 

ftrtlttB ([tritt, gtftrittoi) Ober, to 
dispute, quarre! over, 

ftrtaen, to strew, sprinkle. 

ftrii^ iii#, i«e oueflrcii!^ 

fttiti, jce ItRitcn. 

Str«^, lt., straw. 

etia^bail, «., tr, thatched loof. 

etc*44BI4ni, »., — , little straw 

etttbiltM, »., — , little Foom. 

©tnS«,/., -n, room. 

Stt((, H., -«, piece. 

StAif^, lt., — , Utile piece. 

etttideia, H., — , little piece, a lit- 
tle way. 

StnbmC, M., -«I, Student. 

ftnbie'rai, to studj. 

etsMn'fsal, m., -fUe, study-hall. 

Stsbintii, n., Am, study. 

Stn^I, «I., ■«», chair. 

ftmnn, dumb. 

^mfif, blunt. 

StxnbC, /., -n, hour, recitation. 

Stnttbnjdflet, m., —, hour-hand. 

Stenit, m., ^, storm. 

fttttintn, to storm. 

ftütmifl^r stormy. 

ftü^, to aupport. 

Snb^RllÜtl, n., -t, noun, Substan- 
tive, [for. 

fni^ett, to Beck; — naiS), to look 

Sttbbentfi^Illttb, H., South Ger- 

Sfibcitr M., sonth. 
6tie^, m., ~n, Suevi. 

fMC'Utft, Suevian. 
SBmmt,/., -n, sunt. 
fnuiBiai, to buzz, hum. 
Stute,/., -n. Bin. 

tobtbt, to crilidse. 
Z«Mf/. -n, blsckbosid, table. 
Xag, m., -t, dsy 1 «itu« — a, one 
day ; am — t, in the daytime, 

XM%tiwaina^, m., day break. 
MtU4, daity. 
ZeX, «., -tr, Valley, 
Xalcr, m., — , dollar. 
Xtlglil^, «., -tl, tallow candle. 
XOBU, /., -n, fir-tree. 
Stute,/.. ^i,aunt. 
XiMitt, m., — , dancer. 
XOijnin, /., -ncn, dancer. 
XVft'lt,/., -n, wall-paper. 
Xlfi^itc', f»., -e, paper-hangei^ 
iMp^ifTtM, to paper. 
taffl^r brave, courageous. 
Xafi^c,/., -n, pocket. 
Xaf^enini^, n., tc. notebook. 
Xaf^cnnefTR, n., —, penknife. 
XüiütmtSft, f., -m, watch. 
lafft,/., -n, cup. 
a«t,/, -«1, deed. 

tat, ; 

Utig, active, busy. 
Xatfa^e,/, -n, fact. 
Xanfec,/, -n, pigeon, dove, 
tonCfl, to be dewy. 
taugen, to be good for, be wotth. 
tutfenk, thousand ; btc S^oufenbl 
good graciousl 

u„i,„. ..Google 

t<Uif«ltfl>4i thouMndfold. 

a;<U, >»., -t, parti rfn flut — , a 
good deal. 

tritair '° abare, divide i — in, 
acc., to divide inlo ; (Ic^ — in, 
to sb&re among one enothet. 

teila, psrtly ; tält... ttilS, now 

Idit tn, divides into. 
£eUwifl,/., -tn, division. 
XtOti, tn., —, plate. 
ZtMil4, m., -e, carpet 
tmcr, expeDsivc, dear. 
Xenfcl, m-, — , deviU 
Ilee, «., tea. 
XÄt^sfc,/., -n, tea-c«ddy. 
Z^eiitivif ,/., theolog]'. 
Z^timoait'tnt, n., — , thermom- 

X^rn, «»., -e, throne. 
X^Brimgeiir n., ThuringU. 
2^Tls(CIlDaQ>, m., ThuiingUn 

tiitoi, to tick. 
tief, deep, great. 
liefe,/., -n, depth. 
Xier, n., -e, aoiiaa). 
Xteisntm, m., ', Zoologie»! b«t- 

Ziflei, w., — , tiger. 
a:iite,/.,-n, ink. 
Xintefol, n., 'ffer, inkstond. 
KiBteflafiSe,/., -n, inkbottle. 
Kif(^, m., -*, table; ju — e [iten, 

to dine. 
Jif^brff,/, -n, tablecloth. 
X^tjUt, m., — , caipenter. 
Xifi^acffer, »., — , tablekoife. 
Äitet, «., — , title. 

Xmblxtt, n., tc. titlepage. 

Zoster,/, ', daughter. 

Sri), 1»., death. 

XpbeSqnBlr /, -«< death »trug- 

gle, torment. 
Xm, m., t, sound, tono. 
tftien, to ring, sound. 
XWf, m., f , pot. 
Iw, «., -t, gate. 
Xvrbeil, /., -en, foaUsb act. 
M, dead. 

tftfHK', quiet, aa daatb. 
tiaf u, ste antiefftn. 
traBen (tnta, sttioetn), to carry, 

tiSBi, weais ; tM traBtn. 
2rt«, /., -n, tear. 
tiaid, tnudti, im ttinles. 
trot, see iwttn. 
trat ctB, IM tintceten. 
trat (eroH, im herantreten. 
Krtuke,/., -n, grape. 
tnutem, to mouni. 
Xriisni, m., t, dieam. 
trlnnen, to dream, 
trontig, aad, mournful. 
treffcM (traf, getreffen), to meet. 
tMtbn (trieb, getrictoi), to driv«^ 

trennen, reß., to separate, part. 
Srtptie.A-n, staircaae. 
treten (trnl, getreten), to step. 
tren, tme, failhful. 
trieb, lee treiben. 
trieb «t, sec ontietben. 
trifft, meets; lee treffen. I 

Zlift,/,, ~en, pasture, tneadow, 
Irinhn (tnml, fetrunltn), to i 

u„i,„. ..Google 


tItdtM, diy. 

Ütduttt, to dt^. 

Xt*ft, m., comfort, conaoUtion. 

Irlfleai to comfon ; nfl., lo con- 

sole oneself. 
MflCK, to deceive. 
XttnoKt, pl; roins. 
Zrüf, m., oßence. 
ZUtasoi, m., town of Tfibingcii. 
Xim«(c,/., ^, cloth jacket. 
Xlgcnk,/., -tn, vütue. 
ImiileiH, to wheel about, ride 

i <t«,( 


ttcdDfai'bn (Obtimmb, flbannm» 

lliB4, usual, customaiy. 
UrtB, left. 

flhng,/., -Ol, piactice, ezercise. 
K. kfli. — intb bttq[d<^, and so 

XSift, f., -m, clock, mtch ; tnie 
bid — , Wh« o'clock, what 

:, cTTStal, watcb- 

^ax,f., -Ol, door. 
ItIgCiff, m., -c, doorknob. 
XlTa*Vfra, M., — , knocker. 
Xktm, *!., -t, toner. 
Z>n>S<BUt4i "-> -*«<:> towet- 

S^nMtt^,/., -Ol, church-dock. 
M, does ; im tun. 

ale[ Bt^nm (nn^m, gmamnun), 
to takc oSencc, feel oSeoded. 

tüta, to practice. 

Stel, tfaf. OT acc., over, mboie, 
across, morc than. 

ebcrtH', everywUere. 

B&erflttffto, superauous. 

fAtxfSi'fy'XtUf to convince, 

ÜBtnnKt, flf., wild spirits, oyer- 

a6ena'fi|cfl, to surprise. 
UnM'f 4tlll>r surpruin^ 
ttimett«, to peiHuade. 
Bitrfe'ltaii to trauaUte. 


tt^rta^ai, m., — , clock-caie. 
K^tfdjlttffel, IH., — , watch-key. 
n^ert, »., -«, wocka (ol > 

■M, occ, aioDnd, about, at; um 

. . . jn, in Order to. 
wmm'moi, to embrace. 
KBMktc^ra, to tum around. 
QniflChaie, /, -<n, ncighbor> 

nmgctMb, /., -m, sumrandiDg 

jan'VttAtK (gnib, sterabcn), to dlg 

Httt4cr'>fHtatii (ßog, flcflDgai), to 

fly about. 
Blll^lll'l«, to Cover. 
BM'le^rai, to return, tum back. 
UmIbM, )»., -e, modification of a 

tlxifi|au l|iiIteB (tjiAt, ee^ttn), to 

look about. 
nnifdilano'r j«« umf^Iingcn. 
BBtf^tin'gcB (uinf#m9, utn> 

ftftiimaet), to eiick)se, embrace. 
MMflnft', ia rain, for nothing, 


u„i..=^ ..Google 


nKffe^Olkt, pl., rtio«e BUndtng b;. 

nnUrtn'kn (umtvanb, umuuitbcn), 
to tie around. 

nnl)t|i[tll4, awkward. 

KUb, and. 

Iiab«lt'[i4i immemorial. 

mitflb'ti^i endless, very milch, 
great, immeose, infinite. 

mttmübtt, untiriDg. 

nnflar, m., -n, Hungarian. 

URfltlMlIbr/., impatience. 

Hilf tfit|r, about, neariy. 

imatre^t, unjust. 

nngert^tiBMt, /., -m, injustice. 

■XSejDftB, naugbty, rüde, in- 

nxStltlf, »., misfortune. 

nigtUdliifti unfortunate, miser- 

tbrtDctlltlt',/., -tn, universdiy. 

UritterPttM'ftabt, /., -«, univer- 
sity town. 

nnltaiit, H., tr, weeda. 

mmUMbaT, immediate. 

nmig'liil, impossible. 

tixp^[ofoti|if4, unpbilosophical. 

intd, US, to US. 

nnfn, our. 

tltlfqintiatir4r not sympathetic. 
aatm, below, at the bottom. 
tmttt, dat. or acc, under, below, 

MlUn, od;., Iower. 
nnteratm, m., -t. loner arm. 
Mttcrkeg', meanwhile. 
mHritf'fta, meanwhile. 
tmttt'tc^cs (gbig, fltaaneai), to 
. set, link, go down, go to the 


nttcr^ll'tnt (unterhielt, untc^ol« 

ten), reß., to converse._ 
nntnlTblf^, subterranean. 
lIitttrf*'i^MS, /., -tn, aubjuga- 

tion, oppiession. 
Untttpfoiib, n., -tt, pledge, se- 

mtttlMt'tn, to instruct. 

mterfi^ci'bca (imtcrft^lA, untn> 
f^iebtn), to distinguish. 

tmtnfi^ti'bct, distinguishes. 

nrtttf i|t(i'6cM (unteirfi^rlA, nnttc* 
f(^rie6m), to sign, subscribe. 

tbtttxHa, m., -Ol, »ubject. 

tlntCTUIcIt,/., — , Iower world, in- 
fernal regions. 

mtibttuiabtiät, insurmountable. 

imbcrft^Tl, unbarmed, entire, in- 

maAütaxü^, involuntarj, nn- 

malt, very old. 
ll.f>l>>., unb fo bieitft, and so on. 

eatCI, m., *, father. 
SdtttUaMtitit,/., patriotism. 
»Ualiii, fatherly, patenial. 
Bdll^tB, n„ — , violet. 
Ucrail^'tcn, to despiae. 
bCTftn'bem, to change. 
Mrbaig', see Dcibtigen. 
»txitr'tttt (vetbais, ueiboiscn), to 

MAtf'^tm, to coiTcct, improv«. 
MTÜinlKn (vctbanb, MtbvaÄat), to 

connect, join. 

u„i,„. ..Google 


SnMs'kinir /., -<n, connection. 
Mcbn'sni, bidöen; lee MTbevgot. 
Mtbra'ta, dat., to owe. 
lftti>a'btM (Writoiti, UeAaihn), to 

SoMoiff Kkca, M., — , medal for 

Wlblen^'VolI, deaerving. 
imMc'fieii, (Mtbrog, Mittaffot), 

to annoy. 

kercfl^r to veaeiate, honor, 
Sttt^'nug,/., vencnttfon. 
Mrfaf'fni, to compose, write. 
Scifaf'fn, m,, — , author. 
Mlfn'tiBtn, to make, manufac- 

ocrfal'gnii to pursue. 
SerfDl'sn, m., — , pursuer, 
twrft'Bn. reß., to go. 
lltrBefc'Ii<i> in vain. 
Mtgt'^ea (»«Bina, Ortflongen), to 

p&ss, pass awa^. 
Wrge^f , passes awaj. 
StctÜ'bmi,/., retaliatioD. 
tMrecT'f« (»ergaEi, uergcfTcn), to 

Mrgiag', «e sttfle^«!- 
ecrai|'lWiinii(^( n-, -t, forgel- 

Scrslei^', m., -«, comparisoD. 
DCrgnttsl'i I^app;, glad, meiry. 
bct^U'Un, to prevent. 
Unto'flen, to eipel, drive out 
Stttttit', w., traffic, inlercourae. 
»nitn'bca, to announce. 
Verloa'an, to ask, demand. 
ectUff» (Wi(t(g, BcriafTm), to 

Mtlfgt», embarraued. 

Serie 'g en^t, /., -«n, embarrass- 

Stth'ttt, m., — , publisher. 
aerße'rnt (Mttoi, Mrfoiai), to lose. 
tKtOt'fjn, je« Mclaffai. 
twrlm', »trltrai, lee unHtrm. 
Mtme^'Ttn, to increase. 
Mtmit'telK, to bring about. 
»nmn^'Un, im wrtnSgcn. 
beralgn (umtw^tt, MmiM^), to 

be able ; pres. ii^ Unnag. 
MnM^ni', See iiaiuf)mai. 
Wnwfe'nies (Dcnu^im, Mntotnmm) 

to bear, leam. 
Wtyflt'aen, to nurae, care for. 
WIVini^'tCM, reß., to bind oneielf, 

MttM'ita {berriet, Dercatm), to be- 

tray, show. 
Mtntdt', craiy, iusane. 
tmfatn'ncln, rojl., 
Snfamtn'limB, /., -en, meeting. 
betft^'bcn, diSerent. 
berft^Iia'gn (Dnf^Iong, tmft^uiK 

gm), reji., to entwine, 
Wrf^rei'feen (oetfi^rieb, Dtrfc^rlf 

bm), f1i$ btm SeuftI — , to seil 

oneself to tbe devil, 
MTfi^nfai'bea (Krfi^wanb, btv 

fi^Wunboi), to disappear. 
iterfi^Mini'bei, let neifi^mlnbcn. 
tKtfClitn, to repif. 
verffnrt'ilrai (tKrfpia^, BtrffirD^ni), 

to promise. 
MrfUnb', see Derfttl^. 
Berftonb', n(.,understanding, tea- 

Mrfte'^en (nnftonb, Mrßanbm), to 

u„i,„. ..Google 



underatand ; fl4 — Ulf, to 
kiiow all sbout. 
bRftnn'inra, to he silent, die 

tmti'Hx, to do, commit, perpe- 

ntitttt'Ia, to tarry. 
»eruicl'tat, ta fade. 
VttoAt'ttti, weathcr-bcaten. 
ummnilKrt, lurprüed. 
VCCbmn'bct, nounded. 
Uet^att'tttt, eochanted. 
btigc^'m, to eat up, coaiume, 
octicii^'ua, to record, make k 

Dote of. 
beqel'tai (Mijlt^, twijltttn), ^., 

to p&rdoa. 
Stttcr, m., gtn. -6, fl. -*, coadn. 
IBic^, »., uttle. 
Oltl, much. 
»ide, man;. 

totcIetM, man; Und» of. 
triafail, often. 
Mtllril^t', perhapi. 
Vkt, four. 

^ettfl, «., — , fouttb. 
«tnjifl, forty. 

etfi'tcxlartt,/., -n, vidtlDg cud. 
»Oflel, m., -, bird. 
SaflCroi, ^, VoBges Mountalna. 
S*(al', M., -(, ToweL 
S<t(, «., -«, people, 
SHti^ca, «., — , Uttlo people. 
Dia, füll. 
»•OBtin'flM (uoIIbTaditt, SoO' 

brai^t), to accomplüh, 
»lUnt'bex, to finüh, comptete. 
u*nfft^'m, to do. 
tMÜtmi'tttntr perfect, complete. 

tPMr dat., of, frotu, about; — 

l^tti; mt, from here ; Vgn , . . ttl, 

fiom . . . on. 
batr dat. or acc., befoie, in front 

of ; — Iimgcr 3tlt, a long tioie 

ago ; — bev ?fBtt(, outHde tbe 

»ms'-ae^ (eins, gcgniBai), to 

go ahead, precede. 
Himatf ''fasM, to prophetj. 
»mM', past, over. 
borbri''fii|m (fu^, gcfa^nm), to 

drive by. 
Iigr6ei''ffl4rai, to lead paet, by. 
Mffa^m (fu^. Befahlen), to Aop 

in front of. 
S*tfsS, )»., 1, occurrence. 
Sot^lUtg, M., *t, curtaln. 
Oor^tK', a Short time ago. 
i>Oftt\a, (In«, gdtfot), tfo/., to 

read aloud to. 
SotinUtag, m., -t, foTcnoon. 
»Kü, in front. 
VmiC^BI, hfgh, dlstlngiÜBhed ; Ut 

Vtmäimm, peraoni of rank. 

ßmjttßai, /., providence. 
Sorjlt^t,/., foresight, cauHon. 
tSn^ii, «., b(B Soifi« ftt^tn, to 

fiSurfttU,/., <«, mbnrb. 
binftiMtai, to Stretch lörth. 
»ortTCffti^, exceUent. 
bmU-'^ti, past, oTer; m (ininib(C 

— , pait ono another. 
bUTkiatte, forward. 
fipTnort, «., preface. 
Snunrf, m., «^r reproacb. 
8ilTJit0, m., 'i, raerit, preference. 

u„i,„. ..Google 


XSoagt,/., ^, cbeek. 

tMl^m, to b« awake. 

noan, when. 

»liefen im^i. amaä^m), to 



mwb, IM »ctbm. 

»«<Mtf*t, «.,-«, waxcMdl«. 

Jparf, j« toerfni. 

tMsra, to dare. 

ISugra, n>., — , carrtoge, wagon. 

tDA^^i t° choose, elect. [11. 

taa^ti ("1^ ; K^t — , JM ^. IS ) «. 

UBItra, to Ust. 

MifWü>, gtn., AaöDg; mm/., 

VMtttÜäl, trulijr, to be sure, 

itia^r>itt^timi (na^, gcnommtn), 
to percdve, proüt by ; bit @C> 
ItQcn^t — , to make use o( 
one's opportUDit]'. 

too^Tft^ctaiQi^, piobably. 

tBa^ruort, m., -«, tme wofd. 

Katfe,/., -n, orphan. 

SÜaifa^taa, n., tr, oiphwiage. 

föltlb, ffi., -«n, forest. 

ISolblioailt, ffi., 'C, forest tcee. 

SBlIhklbeil, m., ground of the for- 

SBal^lI'la, Walhalla, Castle of 
the Germanic gods. 

SBuHtt'te, /., -n, walkyre. 

füt&i M., t, foHlficstloti. 

föallflniB, Walbui^ft ; personal 

«Ballt),/., -(, wall. 
tDOnbenir to wander. 
SSiuMKfet, /., -n, blackboard. 
natibte ^, see rinnwnbm. 
fflotlta^,/., -m, wall-clock, pen- 
dulum clock. 

SMimt,/., warmth, tetQperature. 
Mtmtn, to warm. 
IMTtn, to wait 
nKntm', whj. 
Uni, wbat; that which. 
fitofl^fitifra, »., — , vasli-ba^ii. 
SWfdit,/., -II, wash. 
CtKr<^^<4; ">; -tt wash-stand. 
SSaffcr, »., — , Vater. 
ffilffcrfacBe, /., -n, waler-color. 
SBoffertnifl, iK, t, water-pitcher. 
WCifni, to waken, wake up. 
fOtHain, f., -Ol, aUrm-clack. 
uektln, to wag. 
IIMbet . . . »a^, neither . . . nor. 
BBefl, tu., -t, way ; flt^ OUf bot — 
malten, to atart out ; f«(ntr — e 

o go h 

UMgen, gm., 

Mpgtitit (gab, BcS«^). to give 

»cS'Unfn (t«trf, eelDoifen), to 

thiow away. 
aitS(e), woe; — tun, to hurt, 

sehe, pain. 
attina, rcfl., to defend oneself. 
ISett, »., -tX, woman, wife. 
tnettlfa^, feminine, female. 
Mtd), soft. 
Utflicil (tali!6, %(m\^), to yield, 

flinch, waver. 
XBcil^ftl, /., Vistula. 

„i,„. ..Google 



IMtbn, to pasture. 
tnei^i to consecrftte. 
aSd^nö^ten, pl., Cbristmas. 
totU, becaiise. 
»die,/., -n, while. 
SßÜuittt, m-, -t, vineyard. 
tDeinca, to weep. 
BPftft, wise. 

aSeiS^tU,/., -m, wlsdom. 
kneift, white. 
liKift, see Uirftn. 
ttidt, far, wide, milch. 
Ueittl, further, on. 
Uetta<Kittii (ritt, goittot), to ride 

Kidjai, m., whnt. 
aSrijnaitn, m., ', field of wbeat. 
tMfll, which ; udi^ ein, what a. 
totlt, faded, withered. 
SSelt,/., -Ol, World ; ällt — (onf 

moi, to be born. 
SSelttril I»., -e, continent. 
UMiktn (tuonbtc, eeliKRibt), to tum. 
twnig, Uttle. 
tucnigftntd, at leaat. 
iHtMtt, when, if ; — - iiu<^, although, 

even if. 
Uet, nho, be who. 

iDttttlfeni, to vie. 
SBdtn, n., wealher. 
ScMcifa^it, /., -n, wealher- 

or ioorbtti), to bei 
XQnfaK, m., 
Deiftn (ttorf, gerooiftn), 
8Bert, «., -t, worb. 
Mxi, woTth. 
tncttbiril, valuable. 
KOtfm, n., — , charsctei, being. 
Sefer,/, Weser river. 
neffoi, wboae. 
fö^CM, Mt., west. 

— , borse-race. 
tnlbtt, UM., agatast. [as. 

tote, bow, what coIdt, wliat shape; 
Mitktr, again. 
HrielKrl|>'Icil, to repeat. 
UriAtt'Ummat (tarn, gctommtn), 

Wtcket-fe^ (fo^, stf^ot), to »ee 
again, meet again ; auf 2Bidin> 
f^en, good-bye. 

Utlctat (uog, edotflot), to welgh. 

XSteft, /., -n, meodow. 

tnlttiid, bow inany, bow mncb. 

toUb, wild, savoge. 

Kßilb, n., game. 

BSU^dm, William. 

UlU, ste uoUm. 

mtltin), m., will, wish. 

toUUmn'nm, welcome. 

tDintincIll Don, swarm wich. 

«Stak, «., -e, wind. 

ntnbtii (iDonb, gtiDunbm), to wind, 

»lllU«, windy. 
Wbttai, dat., to beckon. 

VAX, we. 
totrHic^, tcatly. 

Cßirt, fR., -t, landlord, innkeeper. 
XBirtr^afl, /., -oi, housebold, 
State of affairs. 

u„i,„. ..Google 


Blfdiei, «., — , bnish. 

»ifTtii (Dugtc, eOfugt), to knbir 

^EJ. ii^ torig. 
»iff«f*0ft,/.,-Oi, science. 
rauf, ffl-, ~t, wit, joke; under 

Standing, knowledge. 
Ipil, where. 
SB»4e,/.,-ii, week. 
Kfätniag, m., -e, weekday. 
tvUl^nitlil^, weeU;, evei7 weck. 
Süaboa, Wodan. 
tDages, to suige. 
Mpfpci', wheie fiom, whence. 
nw^im', wliither, where. 
IPI^I, well ; I suppose, perhaps. 
SBafpIcrat^, n., welfaie. 
fßtiftattt, m., — , benefactor. 
K>|i(iini, to live, reside. 
KMMÜ«, »., tr, dwelting 

gB«^4, «>., -e, habitation. 
fSa^n^C,/., -n, aitting-room. 
SJe^ntlt, m., -t, dwelling-place, 


Sa^nmg, /., -m, reddence, 

89Blf, JB., -e, wolf. 
ISBir^CH, »., — , little ctoud. 
meOt,/., -n, cloud. 
SSrtIb***,/., -n, blanket. 
DtUn, want, be willing, clafm; 

Pres, xd) «AK. 
UBTbtH, See tDCcbm. 
Eßnt, B., -t or *re, .Word, 
toni^r toiti^fntp See tuai^fetu 
SBimbc, /., -n, wound. 
SBntel, »., — , wonder. 
»Bllbnbat, wonderfuL 

nnbertlnncr/.. -n, mkgic Bow 

muÜKTf^Mi exquisite, very be&u- 

tiful, glorious. 
BanTl^, to wish. 
MnbC, see UwtbOL 
SSmni m., ««, worm. \gen. 

Bmxmütttta, viUage of WunnliQ' 
»M^el, /, Hl, toot. 

S9nfl, M., chaos, confused mass. 
ttitcsb, furioiu. 


3116I /, -Ol, QumbcT. 
ga^tca, to pa;. 
jjt^Ien, to count. 
ja^iUr tarne. 

3ll4<*r •>■'• -"Cr tooth. 

3a^nbltrfle,/., -^. toothbrush. 

|«4lRi4, numeious. 

jUl, tender, delicate. 

gartflflK, m., delicacy. 

3a>betf4IftfT(I,M.,— ,magicke]r. 

Statt,/., -n, bill. 

3«*e,/., -n, toe. 

Stfttatt, m., -n, the tenth (part). 

Stfttntftüditt, pl., lithe-graln. 

ittin, ten. 

gdt^nn, to draw. 

StffltfInBK, «., — , index. 

gttstn, to show. 

arft,/., -Ol, lime; mit b« — , in 

SHtnna, /., -en, newapaper. 
gütaott, n., -«, verb. 
StU, n., -t. tent; ein — auff (^0. 
gtn, to pitcb a tent, 

u„i,„. ..Google 



attÜK'^ni (jeibrai^, itibmijtti), to 

break lo pieces. 
getflU'fint {jtrf[o6, jMftoffen), to 

3ctttl, m., — , tlip üf paper. 
icngcn, to be wilneu. 
gm«, Zetu. 
SUfl*,/., -n, goat. 
SUBd, "-. — til«. 
»1«»« {aofl,flqoetil),tod»w, pull, 

wander, leave, movt; r*fl,, to 

be drawn. 
' )tenli<^, ratber. 
gier,/., Ornament. 
äinbe,/., -n, Ornament, 
glff«,/., ^i, flgure. 
^ijfntUtt «., VI, dial-plaie. 
^innin, n., — , room. 
Sinnmtnaiui, m., -loib, car- 

3trfel, m., — , pair of Compasaea. 

iittein, to tremble. 

in, "' jitSen. 

}M(D'Btf^f Kx.logkal. 

3>ni, m., anger. 

Smttg, angry. 

)l, dat., to, tonkrd, foTj too; 

gifBrttscii (biiufltt, gtbni^), to 

janft', fiiM. 
gnfan, m., 't, cbance. 
gnfiU'ben, latisfied; fti^ — ^ 
Im, to content oneself, be lat- 

Bafcfe'beBSrii /., contentment. 
dBti ">., t, train, draught, pro- 

gaglrii^', at the same time, abo. 
jE-gtrife» {griff, etflriffen), to help 

Snhtiift,/., tuture. 
jitfe^f', at last. 
gaivuUftm, to cloae, shut. 
gOMIlI', especially. 
^•it^Bls, n., -»er, match. 
dBiib4*Iaf4>t4tcI,/., -n, match- 

3K>8ti /- -«( tongne, 

gnun'r fint 
jnr - ju btr. 
jitT«^t'-fi>be«(fimt, Btfmtbtn), reß. 

to find one's way. 
taiKr, back. 
jBTt<f''6Uttai (blld, gdlidtn), to 

remain behind. 
SltrftlI'<tt4rCS, to retum. 
pMä'-Unmn (lom, gtltnnmen), 

to come back. 
jnttiC-Uffai (lieg, gdaifm), to 

jiMtiC'sieita (jcg, 8*»Bfl<n)- "ß-i 
to witbdraw. [out to. 

Ißmfta (ttef, gnufm), im., to call 

SHfam'tncii, together. 

gnTdiit'incii'feltgM (bog, gtbAgot), 
to bend togetber. 

(Dfatn'mtii'Mffai, to gathet to- 

lafan'meii'sa^Iair to add. 

^•(äiaata, dat., to look on, watch. 

jü-MIag« (fi^Iug, (ff*Ii^), to 

jlt'firattini, dat., to ruah toward. 
gtt'ftlttjnt, dat., to rusb toward. 
fflttMlidi, familiär, frank, un< 

u„i,„. ..Google 


pMnea, sometimes. jlwiM«!, twicc. 

M, dal., to beckon to. |IMttf lecond. 

)l%, twentjr. [thaL gfX'flr ■"> ~*' i^m^- 

iVi*x, namel;, to be sure, and gMbdai, to wink, twinkk, twitch. 

jlBCi, tffo. §Mif4ca, <bl. or mc^ between, 

3li*^f(C, f»,, — , doobt Bmong. 

3lDCtg, M., -^ brauch. ^Ilff twelve. 




1. DECLERSION OF ASJBCTIVES. Adjectives are not de- 
diaed when they are used predicatively, adverbially, or appositivcly 
after the noun. 

Iin 3:if(^ ift 6mini, bie lofel ip ff^rj, btil ffli«^ tft fltün. — 
üe\tn mib aiäfi Derjlt^n ift ^16 müfeig fle^. — Ein ötmifftn 
gut unb Irin, gc^t übet &tü uttl) Cbelftein. 

2. Attributive adjectives agree with the foUowing noun In 
geader, number and case. 

3. Stiong Dwlenalan. Pronomiiial or limitiag adjectives com- 
monly have but one dedensioD, which ts called the proaomiaal 
or strong declension of adjectives and has the foUowing endings : 

Singular Plural 

Mote. fem. lUtU, m.f.n. 

NoM. vt e e8 — ^e 

Dat. ein et em tn 

Acc. CK — -e ti 1 

Notes. — 1. Adjective» are dthei pianoniinal (limitinö or defcrlpü«, — 
s. FroDomlnal adjectives may be tued as prououns uid iihould be carefuUf dU- 
tingulihed from them, u tbis uiage oftea aSecta thdr decleiuioa. 

4. The pronominal adjectives having the strong delension are ■. 

Singular Plural 

ber, bie, bae, the (def. art.) bie, the 

ber, bie, baS, this, that (demonst adj.) bie, these, those 

eilt, eine, ein, a, an (indef. art) 

ein, eine, ein, one {num. adj.) 

lein, feine, (ein, no, not a (num, adj.) ftine, no 

mein, meine, mein, my T meine, nty 

bein, beine, bein, i'Aj',_j't>wr beine, ffty,^!««^ 

fein, (eine, fein, to, üs ' ' ^' (eine, hü, its 

Mfl, i^re, i^, her, their J i^«, her, their 



un(et, unf(e)tt, unfer, our 1 un((e)re, tm* 

euer, ta{t)a, tmi.your |-(poBS. adj.) tai,i)K,your 

biefei, biefe, biefeä, JAü btefe, /Am« 

jenti:, icnc, jaiei, Mo/ jene, /Aat« 

ipeI0ei, dKt^t, uhI^S, icAii^A ml^, whick 
itbei:, {cbe, iebeS, ^'»7, etuh .. 

jeglt^, jeglit^, jeglitM. tvfry, euch 

iebroeb«, iebnwbe, jebiwbtS, t%itry, tack, any ■ ■ 

nuni^t, •m&v.fsft, manc^, many a tnani^, many 

üfeter, aiele, »ieleS, muck biete, many 

aller, alle, aUeS, all alte, all 

folget, loU^, fDl4eB, jMcA a foU^, maI 

einig«, einige, einigte, ^onu einige, wwf 

uentgei, toenige, nxnigeS, UttU \oaii^,ftni 

meliere, several 

6. TbB definite aitlck ber, bie, baS (stem b) slightlf differs from 
the Strang declension of adjectives in somc of its case endings: 



























6. Tbo Indefinite «itlcle ein, eine, ein, a, an, the numeral adjec- 
tives ein, on€, and tein, no, not a, and all possessive adjectives also 
diSer from the strong declension of adjectives, as they have 
no case endings in the singuIar of Ihe nominative ma&culine and 
of Ihe nominative and accusative neuter: 

Singular Plural 

maic. fem. neut. m./. n, 

NoH. ein eine ein meine 

Gen. eine9 dncv eineS meinet 

Dat. einem einet einem meinen 

Acc. eine« eine ein meine 




7. Weak Dedeiulan. All descriptive adjectives have the weak 
declensioQ whea tbey are preceded by a procomiiud adjective 
having astrongending; otherwise they have thestroag dedecsion. 
The endicgs of the weak declenaion are Ctt in all cases, singular 
and plural, ezcept in the nominative sii^^ular of all three gendera 
and in the accusative of the feminine and neuter genden, where 
they are e; thus: 









bcr gute 

bte gute 

ba9 gute 

bie guten 


btö guten 

bet guten 

bed guten 

ber gute« 


bem flitten 

bet guten 

bem guten 

ben guten 





bie guten 





. /«■ 




ein gutet 

ein« gute 

ein gute« 

meine gulen 


eine« fluten 

einet guten 

eine« guten 

meinet guten 


einem guten 

einet gulen 

einem guten 

meinen guten 


eine« flulen 

eine gute 

ein gute« 

mein« guten 






m.f. n. 

NoM. guiee gute 



Gen. fluten^eS) gutet 



Dat. gutem gutet 



Acc. guten gute 



- The endiDg in is pteferred in modern 

usage, but only 

»ith descriptive ad- 

8. DECLENSION OF NOUNS. The declension of a German 
noun is determined mainly by its gender. 

9. AI] endings must be added to the nominative singuIar nhich 
Stands for the stem. 

„i,„. ..Google 



10. The SinEuIar. 

(a) Feminine nouns never vary in the Singular ; 

(6) Masculine nouns in e, a few monosyllabic masculines that 
lormerly ended in e, and most masculine foreign words 
vith the accent on the last syllable, take n or CK to fonn 
the genitive, dative and accusative singular ; 

(e) All other masculine and neuter nouns add the ending 8 or 
cd to form the genitive, and sometimes t to form the dative 

NOTB. — The omlasioH of the e in Ihe genitlYe aad datlre is determiiKd by 
euphony. Nouns ending In a hissing sound alwa;! retain it in tlie genitive ose ; 
thus, bn Si|c^, btfl {^|i$Ei ; monosyUabic nouns usually retain it In bath cajes, 
especially when followed by au uaaceented word or syllable; nouns ending in a 
syllable wilh unaccented r {(, (I, (in, tn, mb, ei, *«n, also lein) always omit the 
( of the Infleilonal ending in liotta cases ; thus, ba ISiilCt, bei Satex«, 1l«n SBattt. 

11. Tlie Plural. 

(a) The plural ending must be added to every case ; 

(ö) The norainative, genitive and accusalive plural have no 

special case-endings beside their regulär plural ending. 

The dative adds it, unless the noun already ends in ti ia 

the nominative plural. 

13. The plural endings are t, CH or n, and ct. Some nouns 
have no plural ending. 

Masculines; in er, cl, etl — 

in e, and a few monosyllables — (e)n 

foreign words wtth final accent — en 

about a dozen -^er 

Aü others, with few exceptions -^e 

Feminines: SKuHer and Soditei -^ 

about 30 monosyllables , _^ 

a few in itiS and (al — e 

All others — (e)ll 

Nenttrs : in er, el, en, ^en, lein, e (with pref. ge) — 

about 50, mosüy monosyllabic -^^-er 

AU others, with few exceptions — t 

u„i,„. ..Google 







- 3 £ 

■9 « 







3 - 


























„i,„. ..Google 



Camman te all genderi m. 



NoM. i«, / bu, ©U.^<w er, Ä*(ö) 

fU, ih^ (Ä) 


Gen. mdner beincr, 3^ fein« 



Dat. mk bir, 3^en i^m 



Acc. vm bidö, Sie i^ 




NoM. wrc, we l^t, ^ 


Gen. unfn; euer, 3^rM 


Dat. unä c«*, 3|nen 


Acc. uns eut^, ©ie 





Mose. fem. titut. 



NoM. meiner meine metn(e)S 

Gen. meines meinet meines 

Dat. mtinem meinet meinem 

Acc. meinen meine mein(e)8 

NOTS. — When the poi» 

declined llke the indefiolte arlkle (Gnm. App. 6). 

-e used 3,3 adjectives befoie a noon Ehe; aie 

NoM. ber meine bie meine 

Gen. beS meinen ber meinen 

Dat. bem meinen bet meinen 

Acc. ben meinen bie meine 

bem meinen 
boS meine 

ben meinen 
bie meinen 

mute. fem. neiri. 

NoM. bet meinige bie meinige boä metnlge 
Gen. be8 meinigen ber mein 
Dat. bem meinigen ber mein 
Acc. ben meinigen bie meini 


m.f. n. 

bie meinigen 

igen beS meinigen bei meintgen 

igen bem meintgen ben meintgen 

ge baS meinige bce meinigen 



















bereit (berei) 































Notes.— I. The demonstiaÜTe adjectlra bn. Wt, bixi. lhii,ih<a, is decllned 
eaactlylikethedefinitearticle, — J. Thademoiistrati»epninoun bti([IS(, bl([[I6t, 
hoSfrlSf, **»«»•*, isdeclinedeiactlylikehdicniflt. — 3. The damonstratiTe pro- 
couns bltt and ]m aie decllned like the pianomioal adjecüves (Giam. App. 3 


NoH. nxT X00& ^ec b uaed for persons, 

Gen. roeffen lueifen Ipq8 for thinga, without 

Dat. toeni refereace to gender or 

Acc. toeit tmS number. 

Note. — The interrogatiTe Url^ li dedined Uke tbe pronomlnaJ adjectlre 
urli^ (Gram. App. 3 and 4}. 


The relative ber, bie, baä is declined like the demonstrative pro- 
soun ber, bie, baS ; the relatives melier, Inet, and tuaS are dedined 
like the interrogatives, but melier is not used in the genitive case : 
NoM. loeli^r we% »elcM "'el'^ 

Gen. beffen beten beffen beren 

Dat. roelifteni roelc^er ipclt^m melt^ii 

Acc. welt^en roeli^ roel^e« Jwidie 

19. THE IKDBFiniTB PSORODnS are : man. tmt, they, peopU, 
einanber, onc anolker, jemanb, somebody, jebennann, everybody, nie- 
manb, nobody, nii^lä, nothing, etiunS, sotnelking, \i\b\t or felber, seif. 

u„i,„. ..Google 



^txn, to kave fein, b> bt nxTbeit, to . 

Fresent Indicativb 

Irfl^be, /*«7"! 

it^bin, /a« 

t4 werbe, litHmte 




er, fie. e8 ^t 


er, fie, ü wirb 

mir ^ben 

mir pnb 


i6t ^bt 

i^ (eib 

iftr werbet 

fie ^6en 


fie werben 







Ic^ werbe 


bu lEifi 



er [ei 

er inerbe 

wir 6aben 

mit feien 

mit Werben 

i^r ^al«t 

i^r leiet 

i^r werbet 


(ie feien 

Tie werben 







[ii würbe, warb 

bu ^tteft 


bu wutbeft, waii^l 

er ^Ite 

et iDor 

er würbe, warb 

mir tMlten 

mir mareit 

wir Nnirben 

ifer ^ttet 


i^ würbet 



fie würben 

Imperfect Subjunctive 


/ mi^t 6e 

/ might btcome 

i(^ fiällE 


ifft iDÜrbe 

bu Wtteft 

bu ipSteJi 

bu würbeft 


er iDäte 

er Würbe 

mir Ijotten 

mir iDfiren 

Wir Würben 

i6r Wttet 

i^r roäiet 

i^r würbet 

fie ^tten 

fic iDiiren 

fie würben 

Imperative Mode 


fei! feien Sie! 

werbe! werben ©ie! 

[)nbt! ^ben<£ie 

feib! feien Sie 

werbet! werben Sie 

„i,„. ..Google 

tL PARAntai or a teak verb. 

lüPIMIIlVES: Pkx^ext, EtfCM. 

&£«. bim. $f£eit 
* iest/ Pekfect, ^cErft |ala, 

taä. htrtMTECt aM«. 








i« foi<k Üb ikbtt 



ba Dcbteft bn liebte^ 



d fitbk er Gcbte 



MI fiebtcH »n licbm 



i^ ricbtd 4r litUd 



fkCebttn (ielitbMi 

ImL PdfecT B^. 

laA. PlcPEÄFKCT Safe]. 



Ikadbvtd t mii:Mt ha:t t^ 














'S er Mm 
f Wh bAittn 











iftt Hättet 





IM. FüTURE Bald. 

lad. FuTORE PeRFECT Sah]. 



IshaJlh4tv«l-d IskaUhKtU 



ic^ werb« itS lutrbe 



bu Wirft 'S bu roerbcft 






er wirb % CT werbe 





nrir »erben -g" wU »erben 



t^r werbet 

l^r werbet g" l^r iwrbet 


fie tntrben 

(ie werben J iie »erben 


11 COND. 



I skoHid have Id 

Hebe! lieben Siel &« 



vtW'äA, Ut Mm hv 


bu mütbeft 


lieben wir, Uttulovt 





Hebt! Heben Siel äw 

Uli mürben 




fle lieben, ib/ thtm iav 

i^ iDÜtbet 

1^ mUtbet 




[ie mürben . 

Pm., Hfbcnb Fast, gtlitU . 





Active Voioe. 

Principal Paris-, geben, goB, gegeEien 

iNTiNnTVES: PRESENT, gebcti, io gi-ue; Fast, gegeben l^ben, 

tohave ^ven 

bd. Fresent Satij. 

lad. IllPEKPBCT BntiJ. 



Igave Jmight^oe 

14 gebe 

14 gebe 

i(^ gob 14 gäbe 



bu gabft bu gabeft 



ergab erfläbe 

UiT gebeit 


wir gaben wir gdben 

I5r gebt 

für gebet 

ibr gabt i^r gäbet 


fie geben 

fie goben fie gaben 

ma. Perfeci 




Imay haveg-tt 

IhadgiveH I might havf gtt 


14 ^be 

14 bitte 1 i4bätte i 


er^t s. 



bu 5atle(t bu fältelt 
erbalte 1| erkälte 1 

iDir^ben | 



wir ^tten ' S" wir ^tteit 2' 

i^r ^bl 


l^^ttet " ibrbättet 

Pesten J 


Petiten J fte^tten 

bd. FUTUKE Snti]. 




lihaUhaveg-n I shall haw g-n 



14 werbe i i4 werbe 


bu tuerbett 

bu wirft 1 bu werbeft 


er toirb 




er wirb S" er werbe 


wir iMrbtn 


Wir werben 


Wittoerben ' -^ wir werben 


i^r werbet 

i^r werbet 

Ibr werbet 2" i^t i«rbet 
rie werben J ^ fie werben 


|te loerben 

(le werben 







gib! geben Sie! give 


14 würbe 


ergebe, letkimgivi 




geben Wir, &/«j^jw 

et marbe <S 



gebt! geben Siel give 

ujir iDfirben % 

wir würben 


fie geben, toJifew^w 

i^r mürbet 



Parti ciPLES 

fte mürben . 

fte würben 

Pres., gebenb Fast, gegeben 

u„„„. ..Google 



Frincipal Parts: fallen, fei, gefallen 

Infinitives: Present, faDen, lo fall; Fast, gefallen (ein, 

to have fallen 

Present snb]. 

IllPERFECT 8«b). 






i4 fotte 

i<^ fiel i* fiele 


bu faflefl 

bu fielft bu fifleft 


et falle 

er fiel er fiele 

»tt fallen 

wir fallen 

wir fielen wir fielm 

i^I fQ[[t 

i^ faflet 

i^ fielt i^r fielet 

fre faUen 

Pe füllen 

Pe fielen pefiel« 

Ind. Perfect 


ma. Plüperfect Bai>]. 


/ may havef-n 

Ihaä fallen Imigkthavef-n 

iiftbin 1 


ii) war i<^ würe 


bu feift 

bu warft bu wäreft 



er fei 


er war -§. et wart 


teir Tuil) 


nrit feien 


wir waten §■ wir wären 



i^i feiet 

i^ Wort itir wHtet 


f« feien 

fie naren fie witoen 

lad. FOTORE 


IM. FuTURE Perfect sibj. 



Ishall havef-n I shall havef-n 



i* werbe 

i* werbe 



bu wirft 

% bu wert«ft % 



er luetbe 


et wirb 

1 erwerbe S, 

inti; tmben 


wie werben 


wir werben 

= mir werben ' => 

ifet metbet 

i^r werbet 

Mfc werbet 

f i^t werbet f 

fie ipcrben 


fte werben 








falle! faHenSie!^/ 

i* mürbe 

i<^ Würbe 

er fate, let htm fall 

bu nßibeft 

bu WÜrbeff 


fallen wir, let usfall 

«rroilrbe "S" 



fant! fallen %\%\ faU 

wir würben f f 

wir würben 


fie faBen, let tkemfail 

i^ niürbet 

i^t würbet 




fie würben 

Pres, foDenb Fast, flefoltot 

u„„„. ..Google 


Infinitives; Pres., gctiebt merbtn, te be lovtdi Perfect, gelitbt 

tDoiben {ein, to tave beert l 
to be loved (oäly used a 
md. Pkesbnt 8nM. 

Participles: Pres., ju (lebenb, 
i Fast, geliebl roorbtn, been loved 
Ihperfect Sobl. 


Imaybe loved 

Itvas loved 

I might be kved 



ic^wuibe ' 

1* Würbe 1 




bu Würbeft 





erwürbe % 

er würbe % • 

te\x iDerben. 




Wir würben ^ 

wir würben f 

i^t iPCTbet 


i^t würbet 

i^r würbet 


fie merbe« 

fie würben . 

fie würben . 

Ind. Pe 


Ind. PlUPERPECT Safe}. 

/ have been 

Imay have 


Ikadbem 1 

migAi kave been 








i* roüre 





butDorfl a 

bu wäreft a 



er fei 


erwar i; 

er wüte s 


!rir feien 


wir waren | 
i^ wart Z 
Tte waren 

wir waren f 
i^r nfiret l 
fiewftren J 



i^t leid 



r« feien J 

ua. Fdt 



ma, FuTURE 

Pereect Sntd. 




/ tshallhavebeen 





ii^iperbe "i 

\äi werbe] 


Kit werbe i 'S, 







buwerbeft % 






er werbe a 

ttiir tpciben 


rotr tnerben 


mir werben 


i^r werbet ^ 

i^t werbet 


i^r werbet 

i6r werbet 

fie iwrbeii 

(ic werben 

fie werben 


fie werBen J f 


11 COND. 



M IskouUhave 



Irfl mürbe 

ii^ mürbe 


Werbe or fei geliebt ! be loved 



bu würbeft 


er werbe or fei geliebt, Uthimbeld 

et iDÜrb« 


et Würbe 


werben Wir geliebt, Utusbe loved 


Wir Würben 


werbet or feib geliebt! be loved 



i^r würbet 

fie werben or fei 

•n geliebt, Äf/rtaw 


fie witi^Kn 


be loved 





Pkimcipal Parts. 

























. mögen 




Pkesent Indicative. 



















nrti bfiifnt UmKii 











ffeMUfm läniien 





Present Subjun 








Ihperfect Indicativb. 
(i^ butfte lonnte modftx mugte [oute »oKtt 

Ijjpertect Subjunctive. 
Wi bLlrfle tSnnte mSc^ mflftle fönte trollte 

The Compound tenses are foimed like those of other verbs, but 
with the ezception that, in connection with 2 dependent iafinitive, the 
modal auziliaries use an old fonn of the p?5t participle. Thus: 

Ferfect: i(^ ^at« getonnt ii^ ^be toramen lännen 

Pluperf,: i(^ ^tte gelonnt i* ^'"'c '""'nten liJnne» 

FuTVRE : 14 lonbe IBnnen Mf iMTbe lommen tSnnen 

FuT. Ferp.: ' id) meibe gelonnt fiabat 1(^ loetbe ^ben tommcn ISnnm 

I CoND.: i(4 iDÜrbe fünnen 1$ mürbe tontmen tSnnen 

II CoND.: I(^ nftcbe getonnt fyiUn ii^ mürbe ^aben lommen IBnnen 

u„i,„. ..Google 



(a) The prepositions governing the genitive case are: 

(aii)ftatl, insUad of obci^lb, above. 

au|er^I6, imtside tto|, in spite of 

tiieS(eit(«), on ihis lide of am , . . tDiUen,^ tke sake of 

falber (^Ibeit), for ihe sake of ungea^t, jut-anHutanding 

inf olflt (iufolge), *« consequence of Mnlertwt6, below 

jnnerf|al(>, •untkin vnineit, notfarfrom 

jeit(eit(8), o« that Hde of (l)er)mitt«I8, by meatu of 

(mft, by virtue of DennBge, 1^ means of 

langS, aiong Uä^renb, äuring 

laut, accoräing to toegen, oti acc&unt of 

Notes. — i. EBna« and tw6 miy ilso taie the dative case. — i. UngtaiStet 
and nrgtn na; fallaw tbeii noun, and falber or falben always follows its noun. 
— 3- SufllS' gorema the dative case when placed after the noun. 

(j) The prepositions governing the dative case are : 
OuS, out of, front Itaälr "ß"", to, according fti 

nufeet, exufil, beiidei x&i^i, next 

bei, near, by, at, -urith neb^t, togel/ier -aritk 

binnen, within (time) faml, together iviih 

entgegen, against (eit, lince 

gegtRÜbec, opposile bott,from, of, hy 

gemäti, according to gu, to, at 

mit, wWi juiDibtr, coittrary to 

Nora. — 1. ^«6 and ecmSg may foUow the noun, mtgrgen, gtsmDbti and 

(f) The prepositions governing the accusative case are : 
bis, tili, uHle gegen (gen), towaräs, to um, about, round, at 

biird), through, by o^e, without Uiber, against 

^x,flr fonber, without 

Notes. — i. gen and jonbtt are used only In a few set phrases, as fltn ftim; 
nul. Imeard hiaven, lonliEr glci^tn, wilhaut tqual. — 2. !Si8 is commonlr used 
adveibially befoie a prepodtioa to Rxa distaace, as the Englishiu/nraj, i^to 

u„i,„. ..Google 

(J) The prepositions gOTenüng the datlve or accusative case 

an, al, tm in, in^ into unteT, ander, among 

auf, on, uport neben, besidt »or, btfore (ago) 

^ntec, bthind über, over., aeross gniifc^, btt-ween 

NOTK. — Tboe prepositiinis gaveni tlia ditin wbea thejr denote locality 
inAtrt? or tima w^n? — they goren the acciuatiT« vben tliey imply ination 
towaid a place, aAiiiir ? 


(a) The co-ordinaüng conjimctions are: 
aber, howsvtr, tut fonbent, buf 

allein, but fomogl . . . alS (aui^), as well as 

benn, ^r unb, a»i/ 

enttwbet , . . ober, eilher . . . or roebct . , , norf|, tuiiher . . . nor 

NoTB.— When 

(j) The subordinating conjunctioDS requirii^ the Iransposed 
order of words are : 

atfl, viken, tu obgleit^ ('f"^""« ■too^t, -iniar), al- 
al8 menn (ob), oj (/ though 

beuor, *5rt>« fcit(beni), ««« 

bis, uniil |o . . . au<f|, howevtr 

ba, as, since folange, at long as 

bamil, I« öz-ifer that mä^renb, itihik 

bog, CAi/ ttmnn, loiuK 

e^, i^tt« toeil, because 

fdllfl, (JK ciu« toenn, if, -mhen 

inbtm, w^ife wenn and) (aleit^), «w» j^ 

in nrfe|etn, howfar, hovi Wie, Aoo^, as 

\t . . . btfto, the . ..the Do, wii^n; 

nadibtni, (i;%fr uofem, ^ 

cb, whether gumat, apedally as 

u,a.i..d ..Google 



28. Namul Oidei. An independent dedarative sentence has 
the Donnal order of words, i.e. subject stated first, then personal 
verb; thus, 

Sei ffnobe |^6t feinem Sätet ettwn »rief. 
Ser finabe ^t feinem iJatei einen IBrief gefd^ben. 
Notes. — i. Br Hk subject of a sentence Is meant the subject vtth all its 
modifiers; ai, hn fem, btr fltllttn 5itr war, — liciftt aHütttr. — i. By the per- 
sonal verb is meant the verb taldng the personal endings, the auxiliary verb in 
all Compound tenses. — 3. No adjunets of the predicale are lOowed to stand 
between subject and vetb, as ofteo In English: ii leldttn comti alatu, ntoilimt 
fdtcn allein. 

29. Tlie InTHted Oidu, i.e. verb placed before the subject, is 

1. In direct questions ; as, St^ibt bet ffnabe ben Stief? 

2. In an independent dedarative sentence wheneverfor the 
sakc of emphasis an adjunct of the verb (or a dependent 
dause) begins the sentence ; as, feilte fi^retbl ber finabe feinem 
SBater einen SSrief. 

3. In imperative and Optative (wiah) aenteaces ; as, fefen 
®ie fid) ! sii dovm; iDöte ei bo^ ^iet, would that he viere here. 

30. In the iaverted order a pronoun object frequendy precedea 
a noun subject ; as, ^1 bh bf in greunb aet<f|ritben ? 

31. Ibe TraiMpOMd OidM, i.e. personal verb at the end of tfae 
dause, is used only in dependent dauses ; as, 

meil ber £nabe einen Srief fc^teibt. 

iDeil bet finabe einen Srief geftbrieben ^t 

Note. — 1. A dependent clau» is usuall; introduced by a subordinatlng 
^37^), ora relative pronoun. 

32. UmOB SULES m word obdbs 

I. Wben in 3 dependent clause the conjuncticm bofl is omitted 
Üie normal order must be used ; as, er faßt, et ^ätte i^ ben Siief 
gefd^eben, for bog et i^m ben ajtief geft^eben ^tle. 

u„i,„. ..Google 


2. The imwted order mnat b« uaed ia condltioiial clauses 
wheaever the conjunction tveitn is omitted ; also after at<8 in the 
sense of alS nxnn or tiii ob ; as, ^t et bofi aefagt, for uienii ei baS 
gefagt ^t ; a \at, alB ^tte er mii^ nii^ 9«!«^, for als twim CT mii^ 

3. When a dependent clause would end with too many auxiltV 
lies one or more of tbese auxiliatiea ahould be placed before the 
past participle or infiDitive ; thus, TdcjI er ben SSricf nriib gef^ricben 
^nben, for gefi^eben fyiUn mtrb. This rule is always applied wiüi 
verbs accompamed by a simple dependent infinidve, as, meil a 
i^m bcn Brief ni^t ^t f<M&en fSnnen, for {(^iben ISnnen tiat- 

33. InfinitiTM and past putictples of Compound tenses stand at 
the end of the sentence, and in a dependent clause just before the 
auxiliary. When both occur at the sanie time as in the perfect 
Infinitive, the infinidve Stands last, as gef^eben ^&en, A> Aavf 

34. An AAiKÜn usuaUy precedes the neun, but may also fol- 
low, especially in poelry ; in this case, however, it is not inflected. 
Pronominal adjectivea precede qualifying adjectives, 

35. A limtting geniUve usually follons the noun except widi 
proper names, and frequendy in poctry and proverbs ; as, ba§ Biic^ 
btS Staabtn. WtftilmS SJu^. 

Objects. The indirect object precedes the direct object unless 
the latter is a personal pronoun, in which case it precedes the in- 
direct object ; thus, er gibt [einei; afiuttev bie Slume, but er gibt fte 
feiner 3Rutter, or ftt i^. An accusative object commonly precedes 
a genitive object. 

36. AdTerbs. The adverbial compooent of a Compound verb 
is placed at the end of the sentence when the verb is used in a 
simple tense or in the imperative; äs, ii^ inai^ bie Z&x au|. 
IRac^n eie bie XUi auf 1 

u„i,„. ..Google 


37. Adverbs luuaUjr occur In the ibUoiriag order: i. dme, 
2. place, 3- manncr. 

38. Adverbs of time have their position imniediatdr after the 
personal verb, unless there is a personal or pronoun object which 
should then precede them; as, ii^ fyitx ^ute einen ©rie| flefrtrieben, 
but iä) ^abt i^m (or meinem Sater) (leute einen Stief ge(0irieben. 

NoTH. — The advetbi of time immfi, jt^t, nie, nimmer, ii^on camatauly 
ftand immedlately before the paat participle or infiniCiie; ai, Hl fjobe l^m bin 
Sri et |4on Bfic^ricbm. 


(a) The following aouns of the first dass, stroag dedension, 
modify the stem-vowel in the plural (cf. p. 31, n, 3) : 
bei 'ÜjäKt.ßtld bei ^ammel, wether ber Ofen, slove 

bei 9l))fel, afpU ber ^mmer, Hammer bei ©attel, sadäle 

bei ^otKU, ßoor,bottom^ ^nbel, quarre! tat 6<ftaben, harvt 
bei ä9rutar, hrol/ier bet Saben, siore tat ©t^nabd, ^äk [law 

bei 3«ben, tkread tat äßanjel, am«/ tat S^rooger, brother-tK- 

bei ©arten, ^rafe« bei SKanlel, c/on* tai SJnlei, _/ärf.!r 
bei ®tü6en, ^ich tat 9?a6el, «ow/ tat Sogel, fcVrf 

bei ^fen, karbor tat Slagel, naiV baS filoftei, cloiiter 

(i) The following monosyllabic mascutines of the second dass, 
streng dedension, do not modify their stem-vowd in the plural (cf. 
p- 27, »■ 3): 

tat «al, eei bet §uf, Aw/ ber 9ßol,/toA ' 

tat arm, arm bet $uitb, rfcf bet ^ülü, pulse 

tat S)o08, ba^ tat fiorf, iTör* bet %\xax,pmnt 

bei Slw^t, iiw* tat 2a4ä, j«/»w« j^^ St^ufl, m'«ä'A 

tat ®ol4, ali^s*'' **' 2a(f, vamish t^( ©i^u^, fAar 
ber S)om, cathedral bei üout, Jö*«rf j^r @tat^ starling 
ber Siruit, jtr«»/ bei Su*a, ^«r bjr (gtoR, j/«^ 

bei glur, Ai// ber 9»onb, moon ti„ j;ag_ Jay 

bet gotftj^^rr/ ber Ulorb, muräer b^ 3;alt, »»^««(«(music) 

bet ®ta&, degree ber Ott, ^Ai« bei ^ftron, throne 

tat §alm, blade ber <ßntf, /ari bei 3oD, ineh 

tat §au(^, frfiWA bet 5J[Qb, Ai/A 



(c) The foUowing monosyllabic feminiDes take the ending e and 
the Umlaut to form the plural (cf. p. 32, n. 2): 

bie a^t, ax bjc aiv.% eUft bie Sla^t, night 

bie CanT, bmek bte AxaFl. stnngik bie 9](i^t, jauk 

bie ^raut, Mäe bie ffiu^, cow bie Shife, ««/ 

bie Snift, *r&M/ bie Sun[t, Art bie ®au, sow 

bie 3füuft,>J/ bie Sau«, Äw«e We ©c^nur, string 

bie 5ru4t, j^«V bie 8uf t, air bie ©tobt, a/f 

bie ®on8, ^(ww bie Sufl, eüsire bie SBonb, waÄ 

bie Olnift, /i»»iS bie ailar^t, »ii>>l/ bie Buift, sausage 

bie ^nb, ^fii/ bie SKagb, mnii/ bie 3unft, guHä 

bie ^ut, J*i« Me 9)Iqu8, oto«j* 

(<^ The followiog roasculine and acuter Douns take the ending 
er and, if possible, the Umlaut, to fonn the plural (cf. p. 3t, n. i) : 
bei ©eift, spirit baS gtu^, comparlment baS ßleib, dress 

baä Safe, vat *aB fiorn, ^u/« 

ba8 %%\\,,field baS fimut, A^r* 

baö Selb, mon^ baS Slamm, äiotä 

baS ®emaiS, rmwi baS Sanb, land 

ba« ®einüt, otmJ ba« Sit^t, light 

bet ®oH,£)'rf 
ber Selb, dody 
ber SlZonn, man 
bet £m, place 
btc Slanb, *<^ 
ber ©tmiic^, bush 
bet ffiotniimb, guardia 
ber Salb, /vat/ 
ber SSiim, worm 

baS 9ta9, oirroj'j 
baS amt, Office 
bae Sab, ^A 
baä Sanb, rtWow 
ba8 8ilb,iiKA<« 
baB«latt leaf 
baS Sltett, *öflrrf 
baS 9u(^, «(n>£ 
baö $a^, röö/ 
baS 3)i)tf, village 
baB Gi, <i3r 

bo8 I8etd|le0t, Mr,^sr»(Ärba8 Sieb, jo«^ 

.ba8 fflefitSt,/«^ 
ba8 ©efpenfl, ^Anj/ 
baS fSaioaah, garment 
ba8 titloB, ^/iTJ 
ba8 @Iicb, limb 
baS @lra6, ^ar'e 
baS ®raS, gross 
ba8 ®m, property 
ba8 ^Qu)]l, ^oi/ 
ba8 $au8, AfniTf 
baS ^olj, wv^ 
boS §oni, Aör« 
ba8 Sju^n./iMf/ 
bttä ff(ll6, <:a^ 
baä üinb, child 

ba8 So(^, AffA; 
baB Waul, m<mtk 
ba8 Wcft, ««/ 
boB ^fonb, piedge 
bnS fflab, luhtel 
ba8 SReiB, /«w^f 
bQ6 Winb, cattU 
baB S^ilb, sign-board 
baB ®4fD6, '^OJ//^ 
ba8 St^roert, smord 
ba8 Sal, wn/ife)' 
ba8 %väi, cloth 
baä a3olf,/«9»Ä 
ba8 3Sei&, woman 
baä Sott, KWri/ 

„1... ..Google 


(«) Some masculines olhervrise declined like masculines in ea 
may drop the ünal ietter (or lettera) in the nominaitive stngular : 
twr Sutl^fta^n), leiier bei •3ebatth(n), ihought bei 9?am{(ii), ntmtt 
bei %Ät^Mi^, peact her ®(oube(n), helüf btt @4Qbe(n), >te/wi 
bei Öun(e(n), tpark bei §auf«(n), 4^ii^ bei ffiiae(n), will 

(/) The following monosyllabic masculines take eK to form the 
plural {cf. p. 39, n. 7) : 

bei ffläi, heio' ber ®iof, covnt bet Matr,^/ 

bei IBuifc^e), ftlUm bet ^Ib, Aew bet DtW(e), oa- 

bei (S^riit, CkristioK bei ^en, geittltiHam bei $tinj, printt 

bet Self(en), ^wA bei ^iil(e), shepkerä bei S^nl(e), cupitarer 

bei 5tnl(e),yf«cÄ bei Sump, /ca»«/ ber ©pag, j;^^i>w ■ 

ber Sfttft, monarck bei SMenf*, »w« bei ®piot[(e), sdon 

bei <&td./op bet SWo^, »iiwr bet Xoi.Jool 

(g) The followjng nouns belong to the strong declension i 
Singular and to the weal; in the plural (cf. p. 3;, n. i): 
bei IStOatta, god-fatker bet ©^mei}, paiit baS Suge, ^s 


ber Soibeei, lanrtl 
bei ÜRoft, »laj/ 
bei SftugEel, »(»j'</.f 
bei SHeit, ntrv* 

bei @ee, Aiit! 
bei Staat, staU 
bei @tac^l, J/Mf 
bei Strahl, ray 
bei Setter, cousin 
bei Sl^rml, omament 

baS S9ett, ^</ 
ba8 Snbe, <ni/ 
baB |iemb, j^w* 
baS ^i, h*art 
baS 6n|(>t> *>"«£/ 



To avoid tine, üüs book shoidd be retumed on 
or befora the date last atamped below 







., Coot^lc