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ESSAYS- 

MORAL AND LITKRARY. 

k r 

V I C E 8 I M U a KNOX. M. A. 

THX IIXTIl RDITION^ 

I It T W ft rtl I. II M IT B. 

V O I., tt.'l 

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CONTENTS 

r T H s 

SECOND VOLUME. 



No, Pn^ 

LXXXII. Oh tb$Mtaui rfRtadhg with tht m$ft Ad^ 

f LXXXni. On ibi FrofrUty tfaJornhg Lift, andftr^ 

*ving SoJfty, by lauJaifU Exertion. 6 
JLXXXIV. On Piil(^fhtcalCnti€i/m, 0nd$n ibt litiU 

AJJiflanci it givis tp Ginitu, 10 

LXXX V. On tbi Jmpbrtnnci $fa g§§d Cbmra^tr^ ten* 

Jidtrtd 9nly 'with r^pti} /# Inttrejt* xa 

LXXXVI. On Ibt tJltntntiQHs AJt^ntion tf tit Cba^ 

ftUhr of a Ltnrtd Lndy^ nvitbtnt Jnfp' 
Jititnt LtMrningt and m^ilbonl JndgmtnU 

LXXXVII. On tbt Folly ttnd WUktdn^t o/ntgltaingm 

Family nnd Cbildrtn,/hr tbt Phtffnrtt $/ 
DiffipMtion, St 

JLXXXVIII. On forming Connt/fiont. a? 

tXXXIX. An Addrrft to a Voung Scbolur. Mpofid t0 

ht in tbt Courft of a Lihtrai Education 

nt ScbooL 31 

XC. Tbf k^aut ofPiity ariftsfrom tht Want of 

Stnfibility. 3 % 

XCI. On tbt Pleafurts of a Gardtn, ^% 

XCII. On tbt Gra'Vt and Gay Sptcitt ifPbilifoply. 

XCIIT. On Monitmtntal Infcriptions, /{ 5 

XCJV. Gnr/ory T bought t on Biogtapby, 4^ 

XCIV. On Hofpitality. and tbt Civilititt ofCom^ 
mon Lift* w 

XCVX 0/tfhMtrit ffillnAri$ui Birth. \\ 



CONTENTS. 

Nfi, Tng^ 

fijlfnt nVrfl*^ huf frnffwffVf rj\ Itftn /*" 
litrficf^ nvti ihi> ,itf rf I^UnJift^, Ti i 

XQ.' V^ III. 0« thr (tf/t/f r/ fffi utritf^ Dehi -wiff^nnt fitter 
ft Vtnlftr'7 vt' nff tuft fit inn nf Vtixnrnf dt; 

itffJ ff'fififtj^f n/V^ft(\nht ()H 

C On tlf trolly nnA IVuketincfi vfH'ttf » 74 

11. Vm thf l^i',7f of fftfemfrffttf *Uf/r/v nti ih^ 

thtiith^ nuti f)fi tl*f fhffy nf f^dsing Rf^nfff 

In ihe Vi e/t^rTfttirff nf ){tii/f^\ 7/ 

ni, Ofi fhe Vnjtnf ^tfite vf i'.oHvefJiithn. Hf 

i'lir. Oft UnrtfMfp f^f thttri, HTi 

i'lV, {)ft fhf ilhtivtuffti f)f"VhcnY\n'\\\^^. r;f> 

CV. Vti fr^ifefttl Pft^hgff ifi tht\',\\K\\'\t\\\\\^\\^ fit 

CVl, Oisr Snx*eetH0 and Delharf v/Sfytfi '/'f 

evil. ///«// /^ ffjn/e nvUfff rtfe dtfigmd Jvr the /*/ /i/- 

CVtItf H'lf Cr.mplaiHts rt^t%infi htntirm LuniUuii 

pf'ohMy illfbUHfiedi I'trl 

ClX. Qn the (>(itf/rs trnti Fnlly b/ DiJ/tntivm in a 

i'.9t*tttfy Nfighhomkwfiiii I I I 

ex. fhe imft'MtkHce nf nn fdrlf Jittachmtttt t9 

A^fne Phyit [Ift a l,tt/ef'»] 1 1 1^ 

CXt. Oh I hi Piftifurtt $f kejft^hn^ 1 1 7 

CXJl. lliHti to thfjfe i»'i5# tin deigned /9f tht Pto^ 

ffj^ott 9/ihg (,ftnv, I i I 

CXtlt. 0/ yhmi Inroft^ftfhHthf li'^/rA HHilttvit/ah/f 

hitettd I.Mnf MV//^f /• 1 1 4 

CXIV. Oft tht Off/fgrtfioHi nk^hlih Leavhing atvet tff 

ihf ChHflfati Rell^inH. 1 ?J 

CXV. Cut/tffy Hfmarki $tt tht U/t nnd H'ritiftgn nf 
w. Jnhirii 1 1 i 

CXVti On the Union 9/ K^tMt^rtgtinre inTtiflr^ tinJ 
licet lififh Prtf/imnfty, in nil fhr truh ffo- 
tttttttiiitt Vf)/h/f tind Necfjftiiy E.\f*nvff, 

CXVIti On Atnftftr thtCultin)f\tinn nf Fionve^u 

0nd of hautifkl Hrnh nnA / rtes, \ \i^ 

CXVni O0 lk9 Ch^fMtf (/ MdVCO^ «i u Ptiti. 1 4 1 



CONTENTS. 

No. Vnftti 

§d Fioffjfittt^ nvftl§9tf fht Vvolmhilify nf 

CXXt Oh DftfHty^ 41 f //»# Pfiiy Mmhvt y our n/- 
fAf'fNt yirtufu nnJ furtUularfy •f onf 

CXXr. On th Jtiimnjititi 0fc^§iin/ itt tift Cttif$ttf 

hy titf (f^m^ Ltinvi. 1 «; 4 

CXXII. Om iti Imfrlantt n/ g»*v0fmftj( th§ Ttmptr* 

«•?/ 
CXXfir. On tUMtrnl Bfr^ti t/ttf^9»iiTr0gfii^. lOa 

CXXiV. On ikt InfinfHcf Pf PclitUs, ns /i .sV/yV.7 ^ 

a^HvnjtttioM, 9H tht Stutt (J Littr*»l>trt, 

CXXV. On Auffhonfpy in C§nn>tr/kthm, 17O 

CX X VI. On ihi Stfh #/ Xcnophon nm/ PlAtn. 174 

CXXVIt. On ihi ^dmnnrngti iiiHvnhU/)»m Nrnhnt^l 

Ain)trjity% I H 

CXXVIII. On /nmi if th Frtffi Vrmn/tnn» nnd Impn- 

Jithki iflkt Artjul mnit MvAvuhkt* I H 1 

CXXtX. On tht PrriniliHtf'rtfti in Poftty. 1H9 

CXXXi On tht fteniirtt Detniffr f^fMlitt^ into /n,iif 

hnti in n iittrttry ttnii HtlirfA l,ij(, I K<^ 

CXXXI. On the Mnnntts %f n Mttri^p^tU* • ir/| 

CXXXII. 0// Philrlphtn «/»«/ ^rhto.loiT C;nxn, V^lif 

^thilmn 9/th Fipttntif Cfnt4it*y, h;/ 

CXXXIII. On th hfJJMncy nftknt Sty it ,>/' Sp'tttJ^ing ftnJ 

♦ Writing i *whkl) mny he cnlifti tJift Frotl.[y^ 

CXXXI V. On th Gfniyji (/Krarimiii. /f)4. 

CXXXV. On fh ii^HMtion of a i'iin.$. tn? 

CXXXVl. intvoitn^loiy Rfnuiph on th Art nf Prifitni\^. 

t\ I 
CXXXVll. On thf Cini^mji.imr^ -wf^iih l*ui tn tit /)</: 

tcn*tr\ of tl^r Jvt nf t^tiHtiMi^ , lU/Vi/' Mif" 

niitWffitts ki'Hinrkt rn it, 311 <; 

CXXXVIII. On ti't I\hroi, i\/ffnJ, ftn.i firliphn^ i^.f" 

ft^tt <'/' l*rin/ht^f nvitij CtrnJufiiftj^ AV* 

C X X X I X . Cntyhfy i 'iwnj^/ift r^n Soitirf nnd S^tiH/fs . a ;. / 
y\Ls Oft l»j(/'i' ami Mftnfi}yfiti, >\\ 

CXLL Ofi Ljuiit />/y<F «/j nn t st rif/« At S» UoU» > \V 



CONTENTS. 

No. V*y.t 

CXLII, 0« ti, Infiwjihil,,-, y iht Mtn u Ih i:i.„m , 

»/m FrmJf Miff./. fnlli-vulfJix'l- I'diii 

ami S,I,J U!i..>i..>-t UnuUlltr.] i^., 

CXUn. On /'«..«/.,/ In.i,k,mf. *\i 

CXI.IV. O* (A. /'««, »nril-Mi,J H Rowl-y. 147 

CXLV. Oh ibt M*rmi ttndtnty */ ikt H'tiiiix> «/ 

' Stirrnc, ;!^l 

CXLVI. On lb, Wtigit »nd Fgiu-iy -M'tifi M.ralitt 

nay dtri-vifnm I'f Ufl—111 uti Bummplt 

*/ ibf/i ivbt an tmllii/ ih il'ial. i5f 

■ CXLVII. Om tb- Prifis'tJ •""' fJ'V'l ^V"? */ 

$h, L»v>tr CV^^. a*J (J Iht Mf .1 •>/ 

frrvtiiit*a, itg 

CXLVIU. On Ma P^nii '• Arinmlt'y }H>t,»r,t, 

•alih M^ttUuHMi RtmarU U bit Cijh, 

Cnhs, uudH'trki. 164 

€XUX. Om Ibt B,*uo m4 H^fln-fi of »» »/,m 

Srbsvhnr wf m iMgtMmMt DiJf»fiti»M. 

**7 

CL. ^ JttmAAr Di/rmiat. 17 1 

CU. 0» thi V::iiiy */R*i>gtKi Ctf-uiht, t,n4 

§/ t. t^iiint ilfaf^ anJiKUraai Mag^fi. 

unit it^latit i/DtvH'.... S74 

CLU. 0« ibt fr^tBl Siatt */ farlitumnlafy tlU- 

fMBIt, Vfj 

CLIII. J Li/i »/ Liittrt f/Bslfy « ti/l tfcmpaft' 

livi InMtMnt. ii% 

CUV. On lb, M-^xUwt ■yvHcb *. «r it J,rh>,J I0 

Ibt l/H^tr atJ I'Hihiii Sljlt, fr*m it/iim 

tbtMtrdi mJ Phrajn tf Sirifiwrt. ailO 

C1.V. On lit rifri Parrht/ia, tf «« ixfr^ng 

$0t'jS,n,mriiri/ri.Jt. aHa 

CLVr. On Kr ■ .' ■, . .y -,-,.1.. a rinv It Am^fi. 

CLVII. 0»HM,ib>,iff3i^<iy, 'urJ/fM/r JoRchimut 

I'nrtiun Rin|tell)crsiui. to; 

CI.VIIl. O, Ibt Ft/I/ c/J„,rl/,/Mi Ctm/iri It r«Jt. 

- CLIX. On lb, Rxiimflt *f\^*nty V. nirrf ih, haJ 
Sj'tt$i t/nn OfUUn ibml a^rtjligat, } ',kli 
iiMti/HWmlMUintiwU'tManbttJ. \ny 



U N T R N T I. 

No, Pftjja 

•11 

tUXUl. On ifi4, P^upni0, m 4ifti9t^H\fi^0d J^$m U* 

CJ-«XlVf C^hfjit^ H0mf4rki m ih Ml0fH0fif0 «/* th 

rtttfit, [UHli0H0rn] 111 

CLXV. 0* ih jHf0ii0r ^Jtf0 y SM Amm^U^^ 

m00th A WhUmh0 P0t'W00ft VMffU find 

Cl^XVt, (i0i^0^itr04 0H f^0 i^(Jf0r0fK0 k0l^00H Orl0H^ 

fa/ ^ttd ^0fhhirt('H0l /Wr>. 1 ^o 

CLXVIJ, Cui/uyy hmMi oh ih t^c0hy pf ih Pr$^ 

fhth ^'liHirth h f^'fl^hhrt ami 0m h 

fi0aitN0i a/ JifHh hI i*u0Hy fft ^r*»#/'rt/, 3 j j 

CrXVIII, On Pr0mhh4£ tiid ^firmf^M Writ0n, ijN 

t'lnXiX. Ou fh J^f'^M p/ JfiihHf Anlhufi* [h 

i UXX, Oh iI?0 Hifflfym0fif 0/ a VfHniry IVwh* [./m 
^ i\fU0rt\ ^^'i 

(-'I^XXlJi Ot9 th Npi0jp/}/ uf HiiniiJ0^ 4muf0mtnlt anti 
^m Ath^^fhH tu ii0Hifb (H 44 L\j0 ^HiH*h* 

CI.XXIII. On fh Mnih uj Cowlry mi (4 ^c0h 's^it 
^UXXiy .' Cnrjoiy tmMhmHl Wnn pu ih Ch0i(0 it/ 

CLXXV. CHfJuty Hfmrii m th OMh. ^^ l^*P»'^ 

Cf.VXVIl. (Inipiy H>>ni4vki on Jump 0/ tt>0 Mmyr lOijj- 

lilli /Vf/i. ^76 

t'l.XXVlU. dhijiry tithi hnmumiiripti H^marhf ouji^mpuj 

thif Mth^r iirm k Vdph, ^Ho 

H . X X I X . /i Urn Uiui t'/^y. H tt M 

4 



tmmmmmmmmmmfmm 



ESSAY S, 

MORA L, SiC. 



No. LXXXII. OM TMK MRANS or RCADINO 
WITH T!18 MOST ADVANTAUB. 



I'l* U rertfllti, tlirtt iherc Arc tnnny (Imlnntq who Im- 
piir- tlu'ii hrahh in n u)iai(iu;il loiiilr tif ^^.1•lit\^ ami 
litrrrtfy Irtbour, vvilhout rtny ftile<|untr irtui n oi' 
T'ertfut-e 01* lm|i»-ovi»mrnt. They rea«l« iiulrt-U l»»»nii(.» 
th«*y CDnlUU'i* it rt"? rt Awiy, or hrt.iulb thry uimmhIvi. 
vourlnp, ttMUiDrnplilh thrin(rlvc».n f\u- th(» |M»«'li'' »»( i 
prolrllion \ liul ihoy .iir ir;uly lo cnnfr^h* ih.n I'l'* \vh »li« 
tpnour nl" th«*if ihulirs is one cniitimn^l tnil, oiul ihat ili»» 
plc.il\ur thpy itrrivf fVoiu ihcni l«» hy no ino.'inq ,\ iiM-nm. 
pciui' fnr Pxhniillr»l lnirilT «inl huhiuinl iu'Imih h"l\ . 

With A vii'w In irllovo IhiJiMtl'^ of thn »lo(cii|'iinti, 
who nrr iifufllly virtuous niul ntnirtMo, I will rn-livutMir 
to TiliJ^cIl n JJ'W hiitt'', whiih may pollihiy rnnilihnif \'} 
ivnvlor their iravliti^ itioro n|i!orf\l»lc ninl fulvaMi i^-miii:. 
But \ wifli tn pr*rinilo« ihfU in vvhnt I wow Iny. .jn.l in 
whrtl'^vrf f h.'tvelHiil, In \h< llylruf iliioi'lion .».i i .oUiii-. 
I m- mi only to odof*, nf»l to oImiihI" ; in InNmii, mil 
t\o\ lo ilidiU(*i 

In (^tilrr to rrcrlvr tlir |un|v'r rt«lv.iiit'i|M' Imin ii.i.j 
inj». It tnnil ^«' irmlniMl a I'lc.Hni^ »"m|'|Hvm»'iii. ji i 
in <n nuUMO m (o ton (lit uIimI, ih.'O >in |m t'li- •» \\ ill !•-. , ,,,, 
tiiuinl l»»ttu nnij to^jnlrti Iv, whuli i^ nm Mtnu.l ,| ^\ n , 
fnmc ilf^ I'P ol* liKm(iU'\ \^*r cnt'i npioj a Ihilv w hi i 
is iikloinf? And Jilgn(l{nl wi'h roIuKuoc, wt ni m.I « 

Vol. II. II V 



ESSAYS, 

MORAL, &c. 



No. LXXXII. ON THB MEANS OF READING 
WITH THE MOST ADVANTAGE. 



IT IS certain, that there are many ftudents who im- 
pair their health in a continual courfe of reading and 
literary labour, without any adequate returns of 
p'eafure or improvement. They read, indeed, becaufo 
they confider it as a duty* or becaufe they are endea- 
vouring to accompIKh themfelves for the practice of a 
profeflion ; but they are ready to confefs, that the whole 
tcnour of their ftudies is one continued toil, and that the 
pleafure they derive from them is by no means a rccom- 
pcnce for exhaullcd fpirits and habitual melancholy. 

With a view to relieve fludents of this defcription, 
who are ufually virtuous and amiable, 1 will endeavour 
to fuggcft a few hints, which may poHibly contribute to 
render their reading more agreeable and advantageous. 
But I wi(h to premife, that in what I now fay, and in 
whatever I have faid, in the llyle of diredion anu advice, 
I mean only to offer, not to obtrude ; to fubinit, and 
not to dilate. 

In order to receive the proper advantage from rend • 
ing, it muft be rendered a plcafing employment. Hd- 
m 'Q nature is fo confticuted, that no pradlice will !)o coii- 
tinued long and regularly, which is not atrcndcvl wit i 
fome degree of pleafure. We enter upon a ftuvly whi: i 
is }rk fame and diigait fill wifh rcIuAAnce, wc yai\Vv\ ^ 

Vol. IL Jj \\ 



t R n rt A Y R, No. H 

trirrtt. tli/l''4<i ol llMldrlll^ (if It UtnltMlllly rtllil Itprtilih 

%vr* iliiv It lioin fitir iifihili> a« (hi* ifiiifri mI uitirt(ini*r 

i(»lt ill** limit niiij tt^f</lM<tl^, tit** tlttrt(ftUA(tlM1 fitui ih 

itfiM'fiyt ( " tiyrtttir Willi tli*< iiMil**Hlriiit|i<t(f« Iti ilrttviii 

nil ptifltii'r t|<lvill|(a{;n |r*flt» (lir (liitiy wlll< it \\r |iiVf<i 
'1 lir iitW AU'\ Iti'ill lltipiiiiufit iilijrrl |o, lllfitrlittr^ ( 

loint H Hmiii}'^ ntliit liiitriit fii tlitif** |i(«ri« ti( ((p Hif*, r 

to tl|li|(- liiiol. -:, Vvhull (Mil jlfl^Ml'iriit illfriU t|« til itlfiU 
'i lirtr ;it<* V.i|ifi|t» nirtliutU li'iMllMiVP \tt lltta mil ) lull 
|tcili.i{it:, tn.hr Atf itiiirr rllri'liul, llfait that III ion 
Vflliii^ ivilli itirti 111 |rti(r hikI }5rtitll4 iili the* titutji 
litiil ili^ (tilpi't wliii li Uf ptui'iifr Ml rva|iiilf(<. 't lirr 

11 ;i u.ini>ili 'Ot'l l| JMi HI i tiiivrtfiitiiiii« wliiih tniiln 

hlltjr-i (■., \'. liP tl llii^lit 0:)i''mm(c' i4|i|irAr itiM mill lilip 
|r|n, lfi<rtrllMi|r itful itttMUHtnl Wlirii tlir «il|tttiil|iy \ 
«Ir]i.ll Iril, .ili'i ill** i "tivrrl.ilitih (it titt rml. MT ftir Hit 
tUffllly lti> In.r'l tff Irr \vtt4t ll.n lirra Inul in linnU* Itl 

ihr fiitijf I'U ilili iiHpiI , ittiil (Itp ItyUi i' I lit tiy liir iit^ 
Crilin|' 1 iMi\('l (.iltiill IB »ltl rHirllnil tiltliMlii^hiitt nhi 
I'^llltir til (MM lliii(rt|||rttl rtii|tMnra tiunlr in (iiltllMln 

/\ - (iidti 111) vvr tiitlri' iitil4iiiri|, tiy iruiiinj/, it inittpi* 
Iriil I; liiivOrilj»p III .1 Imm I tif |Mtti(tll:i| (lli)fiM, || \\ i| 
<iiiilt Ihiltr yuAily til .itiiiiMir m til |i|<m rrilm^t \\i\\ fni, 
tliri, il \\r (.ill- iif II ritlirt with iMii ri|ii:i|i) iti attnitl 
IMciIln, III Willi llir Ir.iiiinl .lint r . |ir|iMii ni, ] n (||i |i 
( iMIVi'l l.ltKill wr vriilliir In ,ii)i .ii|i r t It ii|MMIii|i | fitif frifi 
Ifivr tr iiiirt 4 II i liilii itntr. in iii.iiiitiiiri ti, \\i- |< i k ihr :iii| 
(if a |>iii)k .n .tti .inHli.iiy« \v<- tliri(|ii|'- irit*! ti ntt|| 
r.t^^ri .iltriiliiiii ; rMli| I lir-li'tr if v, i|| |tr iliflutiJt |o 
UVdtl ItKiiij' til. 1 1 wlili It M r ullritil in |iri|iir|it |y t\Ui\ «% tlH 
l-.i^'riii'l . Im ill. it. Ill liii*. tn.iniirl. III! all:ii liMK lit \t] 
liiiitl ■ .iiiti III --J in i iii|>!i)\ inrnl '. u f'l.itlii.iHv Im inr it, ti\\%\ 
wli.it II' -ill III l.ilii'iii nt iifiifliiv h'l Kiiirq (liriliiiitri 
tiifl t oiillli II !•--. t iiiiill ,t|.M ' r:il>|r |ili idiic. 

hull 111, i( y t- I iui iM)i r |i\ nm ,ii i- -uttti vriy i liili ty 
«ni ;t ^Miifl Inn k , tinlliii.^t miitr P'lll \*r iini-llitiy til 

mil*' IIS I"»" n 'A- HI n.iiiiir, \\Iirii iwn fiiliD.nti i«4 

ft}i|i|Mic II r.li ll iiltiri \rn M'.il!-,, ill* iltti .n'lililt III |lta 

hMi'iit l.tllrti) ttl'iii l"{;< iliri , |,i \\ hr II dm i|iii|i| n\» 
1.(1 Ui A iKill iliilrly (II i(i>) liiljrit wliwtrvrif i( liCkiMiir«« 



No. 8i. MORA U Afc. S 

II ic wfrff, iniili'il Ui it, aiitl (.fravitaifi imvaiili it witli 
a l}iiilllaiiAtMi.>i vc'liiiity. 'i'lhir ib, iiiilrnl, 11(1 llutl/ 

fo tlry, liut liy Jiiiiii^ niii iini'itiMm ii|iiiii ii, wc iii.t/ 
•t litll Hint it idimblr nt alliti.liii)' ^Mc.it ilrli^lit. 
Mri4|ihylii» und iiudn'inatii i, vvvix in tiii'ir ahltiuli'll 
fitii, arc kiinwii t(i p.iwr the iittniiivi* Itti.iriK h vcxy 
Ckalicd taiiftla^liifii. 'I'liuti* {li&iib ilifii of liuiii.tii Irain- 
in^r, wliiih iu ilitfii naiuru uie imiii: riid'riaiiiin);, idn- 
Dbi Uil i)f hrinji hrliivrtl ill a liii;li klfi^irtf, wlicii this 
aiiiiil ib I liilrly aiul loiitliiuily 4|ipliisl lu ilimi. 

Ill iiiiln hi ai-(|iiiir the pim'rr ami liahii of lining tliis 
illniiiiiii, ii will at hilt tic iiricllaiy in iiiiiiiiinii .i vri/ 
Ciiiiliili'ratilc ilr}>irc of iriijluliini. In lir^*iiifiiii|^ llirt 
llutly nt u new laiiuuagt-, or any liook or li.ii-nrf, wliiili 
Itrrli'nl.i iilrai toially niantsi', tin* iiiiinl luniiol Init fi-rl 
riiUii' ilr}*irr nt jrlnMaiiii^ or tlilJMill. Ililt Irl ilii* llu- 
(l«ui |iL'ili-urri anil in a vi'iy llioii (inic, ilir liiljiud 
mil vanilli, ami \\i: will In^ nrwitnli'il v\illi nilt'ilain. 
mnii. 'i'lll iliib laki'b nl.uc, \vi liiui luikr it mi invio- 
lalijit riili', hiiAi-vt^i' tlil.i^',ii-rulilr, to ic'<ul a iritiiiii 
fjuaniity, or foi a ii:ii<iin iiiiiri ami he will intallilily 
ii'iil, lliat what lir iniciiil njiun aa a talk, iii; will luu-. 
lliiuit aa Ilia liilt amnli'ini'iil. 

Tiirir air many Ihiilrnih who i'lu'Dil llirji tl.tva in 
fjdi.ii'linj', |Mll.i^«rb limn anilmi:), anil l.ilily iianluili- 
iiig lln:)lt in tlii'ii iiiinniiiii jiiini- tiiioK i <t nuuli- ul Ihuly 
lluly iiiiliialili', U'liuli Irliltini i('|iiiV!i itir Itiiilt-ni nilirr 
with jMulii tn jitrHliiii*, vvliiili witltiti hiiiinir, ami wrui « 
(till hib ryra anJ liia t inilliliiiiini. 1 iiiult Iciioiillv idlvili; 
kll thoU', wini hiivt! hern Inl to iliink, thai ihr rjtniilt! 
ul ihi' liiiiil i'an ini))ii-|.i IiIimi uji iln^ Inain i who inui - 
iu|it tlii'ii atlrnUon Uy (0|ivini', i who Ittilnir ihrinlrlvi'i 
ill ultii.li^ii^!, ami \vliii tliiiik. I>y Itllln]', tlnrii jkm krt 
liiHil.i, tliiti ihi'V IImII I'Minh iht-ii iimli i ll iiHlMiji>,, (n 
llit|i v\hili' iIkV h.ivi* i><'i (iJ li-i*« ill tni}Mii IdMiilcr. 
Tl<i-\ li.ivt* tilt. (liy niill.ikin ilir lu.ul in lriiinin|> ; aihl^ 
ii iIh'V iiji)ii'i-i| in ihi- wav i<'(< h>iiK a Unu', iluy niiiy Int- 
in iu< h Mi'iniii'M in it aa lliall ilil.ilih- thi in huni iriniii 
iii^;, or Iri'i^in^* a lu'lli'i' Atlri many yen 5 l|i<-nl in lhi» 
\«i Ii linl lulionr. it i^ lui wumli-l thai ihry « loir llu 11 
tn Ilk ^, ami iii.ihiMhr olilioni|ilaMil (il viOiiiy ami vrvalioiK 
Nulhin^ ually IcrVi:* lU in 1 railing, bul wJiai the nnn.l 

Ji 4 UV\\>.^-« 



4 S fi S A V S, Np. Hj. 

i« trMhfuibrU if) Met IM thr Ir^ft fnofr ((|>f'rO|»MAIf(} ttijifl 
wlirrt it rti'Oil in i^)tr.|'iii«li>(l p^ij^. It m 4H rMof« il^i»i]i 

vAih A yptu (lie i<)f^^ At^ (tHur (Trfttlv mttiknl (>m ibi 
Lhiiii thjtti by dti fittrntivf imd rrjirAtnl {irHifttl. 

Tht brti mrtlwMl ol' r^rtrrt^^Ui)); And fI'iio ii/in|r« b 
t(i r^^ii/rfA tbt" Mutbof'o i(lrAo« iihr) fliii(iln|| bid booki 
in OUf own womIo. fn thio rmptnitt tbr inrmory U 
rHff^ri\» M\i\ tbc (Mir lm}MovtM|. Wr ni*»kr wb4t wi 
wtiir inir <>wn t wr tbink« wr »»!<: H^tivr. And wr do n^ 
^ondrnm oiulrlvci) to nu rnnd(>yniriit mrrrly nunnitl Ahd 
fliprbrtniiiil. Ihit hhrr ttll, wlirttrvri- m (rw nuy fii// 
Whir, or think lo tbc* (otituty« it U (^rttUM* tbfit ini 
giTrttrll kboUr* wrrr t-oninit with »rrtdin|f, wifh(itll 
inrtkintt tltbrr r^titt^!^ oi rpitoinru, 'iUry wrir; rindl* 
Itrd With wb4t rrnirtinrd in tlinr Miind« ftftrt ft dilii/rnl 

Iirri}(it)« Dtid wbrii thry wicfr, tbry wtof il«rif oWA« 
(rAdih^ i), indrrd, uv>i\ jnltly lAlIrd ttir food of rhi 
Inind l«ikp fnodi it inun b'l di/rllfi} jiiid Aiftiimliifrd j 
It wimU flirw ilo niiliinvr povvri l»y ptontotiii|.; }'.rowil| 
ftnd (U''fi|^:tb« iind by rnMtdin^: tlir mind to luin^' f'otif) 
fiiund itfid vi^MiioiiQ jiHidu'tn'Mt: It nudi \>r i<invri(f<i| 
i't Jiht Hin ft Jttftiinittet/t. lut" jMi- r ii'id Idm il, Mild ii«j» In >kl 
IN tlpl'T-'ii^iH r »i^^fihi in > lir Imiu in wlui li M wa; (iii&{« 
nil'/ ini|iil.'"d. li |: iiii;r»'l ttii •. iit)il fl»r iiillii.*** ifi'i* 
|i«- III iiij In iM »i|ijii.jir .'jii :(i m^ uo/ljuir, ilut OiimO* 
l'i»f ur-s ii,»nl' uKf'd J Ii i' >" il-I' -. ■ »^:li» Inn* -^ v iili Imc »i>vfl 
Imm 1 i l>>i( It iliould I)" I ni'inli' iril^ ()i4i I JMn'>iH)"i;r| 
Jll.ill lllp'd 1<»JIL' hrfdfr ntiiitin{f V- ic dl l( MW ; <i| I'llit} tllJ)) 

lir v^ n ii)dw< f-d In ii mf' i I'lC* . )m< ^'di'trc, imf niily |6| 
llir I Irr nl inijttovriiii'tit , I'ltl IId lot |)ir l.tki' |if lOub 
ti] l)i"j^ 1 M|ii*-c lit A l.r/*'nn »' i'H'lj'ii. 

A dli'- H'Vrir*- ii| Vrti;«ly will t «iiiti itmfr ^tf\^\\/ M 
truil"! ir»»')iii^; J.'f'-^ld'*. I'M l)i/i|i^^|) It ID liiii^ flijil 
lit't tno'f ihm I'll'" 111 iv/'> l">'i!: c (lioiilil itp t'-.id M (Hill*, 
yrl, ,' IllMl lll«-y rtf rmllll'-d, 1( will ti-- j.MiJ'^J, li Hit 

ur.>niiit>: »•! trit. t<» tulf iij» *iii imlliOf wlm wmr: in | 
ddl >rht llylr« Oi on m diflrirnt fiilgci't ^ to < tiaii|f| 
li'iiii jjorliy I'' I'^idr, itnd lioin ywtW iit porty « to irii 
|(-i/ni>< i'*'* modrin^ V^illi tlir imrlrnl-: ^ a\\fttl ilrly to )j4l 

«b)V. fi Ui9 buuk And to iid;c iij> tiir |irn i i\u[\ fointfi 



Nil. ::j, 



M II M A r , A 



litm .-^ ti| I I V I lit III |i< II li iii|i* II , 'iff I I II I I «■ 1 1 li il |i I I ■ ' 

llltli •!•■ I k I I I ■ ]■■ • I llll I ■ I II \ 'I III I I ■ II 1 ■ ill ll i < • I li ■ • ■ 1 I. • ■ 

{lllll-l, flltti tllilill ••(llllllll, (■llllll'« III lil-l-l ■>|lll ill 

I lit- <iiiitiiiii.'>iii'iMii|. nl I liiiiif^ tiiiii-ii l:iii ill! 

mil I iiiilIii.M.-« itiOll iiiil t •• t">> I' . • ' f I I •! Ill II I t iiiiiir ll (i| 
liiiii I liili'il ii| I'llimf III liilliJ ii|i-ii 

||> \>. III! Ulllltit ii-lil I MJl Ii|i-||llli I I I't t l«|i< ll, 
lit ll ill ■■ llll |l ll !■ lilt |l l| I l<'lll |l|ll(l I- l-l I' l*ll llll I 

iili> •, i* ill llll ml (ll llll- liiiii . (ll llll ll f . -itiil |li> li ifiiii-i 
111 lit ■• >» ll lilt, iiiiii iiiil|« li;i-> t<> • li lliiii • i l-.ll I .■ '1 1 1 

iiitivt ll M? (Ill- III (t tiim (ill liii-l^ : llll fifi> III! iiii iii-.i\ llll 
llmll <iiti tiiil -i.-i iiiiil', l|iiil III inii-i ■•( in:; • • il t t i | i| mii , 

I III I It- I :li llli liJ, 1^ III! ll 1 11 li •! t- ll I iiiii I III I • .III I lilt. II ( III 

^a^iii^ ill iti^ {!■ llll ll -iiiil (iililiiiiill iltl> jiiiliiii'ii-**^ 4iif 

liillml, l|y Lit- ti(-l (ll ■ '« !•• I •• III •■. I • I III I • III |i -I -M It I I V ■' III I 
flint Miipiil flfl^t il " 1 l-iii-^^ llll! till'- it \a." I li'l n 
i> it III ciit^il willi'l^ *' tun llll liiv I liilii|i«i'ln , ill >■ lii< li 
" I t'-ii3 (i| t'l 'll III! V t M : I •; • 1 1 III llll III I I i . : ll |- M 1 1 1 ■! I « 
'' li!'t< III 'll ll ll (i. II. > fill! I I I ll-.' • iliiii I 

V'**! y liiii w^oilti I I ■ !■ ll ill iii'.i I J 11 III ■ I •III I Ml III 
hmliii^i I U^ ttli*tilli« I'f liilv. .Aii|.-ii(l^ fiii-l 'it |iii Milti I . 
flU- tiy Mil Itl^ctUA till- !• •iliiii> ill I- liii t| llll liiiil.- iif llll. 
itliiiit aiiiv- (tl tilfiitiiiiv ^^ tii-i>l |iliilii|ii|ili»'i \\ \\\ |>t I 
l|i|i» itifiiiilftiti^ itt'it llll nil ill il ffiiliiif (III lint III liti 
pftt i Icit tiy I lie: til iiiil II ill d I ■( I I 111 •> III I III til • lull !■ tin 
Vk ill liltk- 1| In iitiilii(i||'li ' , ■■III! i • •• 1 1 • III \ I nil •. i III I ll liy 
ai'liiil i. ii|it;| it III t< I |( \i ill -It t .1 1 1 n. n I- iliU.. ili'ii flu |i. 
hli'iilli9 Alt' |t:|trii:i| fnt I 11 iimi III (III tiiiiiUo Iif li-i'il 
laliiit. , ill lilt: I mil I b ii( I i-t . s>i|il in l In (t- ila ii( It .ii ii 
ill'^ III i I lilt '.I (lit ill' ll lilt 11 1 «< I ;i ( III I , (■ III II \- t. 'Ill* 

iliiitii III llll. liii- n<|t. fill iniiiliii, 1^ t (iiiil iliil i|ilit:lil 
ill mil timil' r , ^% li)i ll, ill llll \-i I I. 'll 'iii't 'I li I nil Ml 1 1 |> 'I 
l< ' , 1' I. |i I I ill I III. Inn llll III , 'I I ll i ll I !.• I ■■ I t I .■■ f I I III 1 1 
I- I III I ■ * » t> till |i I II I* I I I • 'I III :• 1 1 1 1 1 ll I '* • I ■ -III • I I ' II I 

II .1 It I t .1 |. ll I ■ ^ -Il|i| fi ml . i I I III I • I • 1 1. if llll ( ii II I 

lU.*, til .1 lli-llt.-lll^ |\-|||I !l j .- ill! I • ll •|ll> III • I Mil II -111 

ii| t . I 1 1 1 II -.: ^ ill 'I I I ' ii •■ I ll 11 I III II I , llll ll 1 1 li I 1 1 I III I ■ I • .j 

ill I III. it II llll 1 1 II I il li- (« ll II ll I'll ll III -• «■ il ll ill II :- 

lliil 'll 'ill liiilii.-, (i|ii| III 'ill l> ilnii4. 1 1 ^' • • III l> 

III Jill llll I il Llll ii iii.-< I ni III T .-^ III I III- I III! ', , 1 1 llll ll I l|>- 
I'lltmi ? i-f (tit. In Ml I ^ fi(iil I I llll III Ml -I i.ill -I I t > 1. 1 I i< , I' I 
fl) III I iiiii »-itltU 11 nil ill** /iili;i I'l \vt- » ^ulll^lt . w* V\v A\ 



6 ESSAYS, fJo.Sp 

he fare to find it amply rewarded. Attend chMy, and 
clofe attention to any worthy fuhjedl will always produce 
folid CAmfa^inm Bat particularly in readin^^, it may 
be depended upon as an approved truth, that the degree .^ 
of profit, as well as pleafure derived from it, will ever ^ 
be proportioned to the degree of attention. 1 



No. LXXXIII. ON THE PROPRIETY OF 
ADORNING LIFEv AND SERVING SOCIETV, 
BY LAUDABLE EXERTION. 



IN an age of opulence and luxury, when the native 
powers of the mind are weakened by vice, and ha« 
bits of indolence are fupcrinduccd by univerfal induU 
gfnce, the moralid can fefdom cxpch to fee example* 
of that uriv/earicd perfeverance, of that generous exer- 
tion, which has fometimes appeared in the world, 
and has been cnlled heroic virtue. Indeed, it mud be 
;ill(rwc(l, th;it in the early periods of fociciv there ia 
greater occafion, as well as greater fcope, for thi<» ex- 
alted fi c«.ie) of public Tpirit, than when ail its real wanta 
urc fupplied, and all its fecurities e(labli(hed. 

Undf*r thefe difadvantages there is, indeed, Httle op- 
|>ortunity for that uncommon heroifm, which leads an 
individual to defert his fphere, and to a£l in con tra- 
dition to the maxims ot perfonal intered and fafety, 
with a view to reform the manners, or to promote the 
honour and advantage of the community. Patriotifm, 
as it was underftood and pra£lifed by a Brutus, a Cur- 
tius, a Scxvola, or a Socrates, appears in modern 
times fo eccentric a virtue, and fo abhorrent from the 
dilates of common fenfe, that he who (hould imitate 
, it would draw upon himfelf the ridicule of mankind, 
and would incur the danger of being Aigmattzed as a 
madman. Moral and political knight-errantry would 
now appear in fcarcely a lefs ludicrous light than the ex- 
travagancies of chivalry. 

But to do good in an effef^ual and extenfive manner 
within the iimiti of profeffional innuence, and by per- 
forming 



No. Hj. M O R A I.» Arc. 7 

forming tlir tiufinrrn of n niihini, wli^ilrvrr it mny hr. 
Rut only will) rrfMiLir (iilrliiy, Imt with w.um aiul .u- 
tivr (li]ii;rnrr, i;. in tlir powrr, ,!i it i-. \\\r tluty, of 
rvrry iiulividunl who poftrlirs thi* ufr o( hi.i l.t> uiiii's. 
it M fiirrly an iitilitiisfa^toiy iilci, to livr atul ilir with* 
out piirruin^ Any othci put|H>(r than ihr hiw one* of pci • 
(bn.il p,r:itili(:itioii. A ihoiitaml pUMliiir.s and ail\.iii|.ii>r'i 
Wf* luvr rrcrivrd from ihr difintrrrlUd rlKofis o> ihnli* 
^ho li.ivr p^nnr hrtnrr ui, and it ii iiiiiiinh<'nt on rvny 
gmriation to do fiimrthin}' not only ^n- ihr hriirlii of 
ioniriiipoirtricN, hut of thuir alio who arr to rollnvs. 

*Vo hr liorn, An lloratr iUy.*', nirtcly (<< fi>it(iini< the 
fiiii .1 of the earth ; to livr, art fuvriLil cdilnvrn ^\t lonu; 
of his counirymrn, with no otli* r piirpofr than lu p,iati(y 
thr pnlutr, tlu>ii)y,h thry may in rrality hr ihi* hdr rndi 
of mnny, arc yri too in^'loiiouii nnd diliMairlul to Uo 
ivowrd bv thr liafrll and nir.tnrll nf niankin<l. 

'l^hrrr m howrvrr liidr doiil>(, I iit ihai many, whnfi? 
VivcR have pjidcd away in iin nit Ii-Tn it tior, wnuhl h.ivr 
brrn glnd o( oppoilunitir.':, il ihrv (duM h.i\r dilii>ii .*• 
fd (hem, for laudaldr rxrtiion. It i-. (ni.iinly iiur. th it 
to i^uuli fy for politnal, niilit.iiy, lilt'i.tiv, and p.itiintu' 
rfioit.N» |H*(:iiliar pirpdi.iiintp-, an iMnplilhinrni-,, o la 
fionx, nnd fortuitowi iunnnv,>'iu if. .tir iK'ird.n v. C'isil 
wifdom without ii\iJ nnploynirnt, valoui with«Mit an 
tncmy, IrArnin;^ without nppoitnniiics for it*, uilpi.iv, 
tiic love of our count I y wiiliout pow(*r, ninii trrniiii.((r 
in nhortivc wiflirx, in (hd^;!)*. un.'u{i| ottrd hy exf t iiuon. 
Thry who form f»rr«i fihrnn-, ami prifoini j»ir;u r\- 
ploitii, muf) of nrcrflity hr frw. lint thr rxrr itoii'. whu h 
brnrvolrncr puiiili out, air r\ii'n.:(d to ;t pjrat ««.mi. 
pafs :irr infinitrly vaiu.! in kind .incl dr^'rcc, .uul mn. 

ic(|(|(MU!y M'l.iptrd, ill Iciiii nindr III utli'i, m (lie altiliiy 

uf rvri V inilivitlii;il. 

'I'o the dldin"in(hril luuinin iif ^^\^\ limr*. ;ui<l of ntir 
country, it tniil! he aili'iicd, ih.ii tlirir r. nci (|<"( n", nf 
liiilirfi which in n(M irlirxcd; imi l.uiil.ililr inliil iilidii 
whi( h IN not rm<»uia;M-d wilh .m rmul.iii\<' .irdiMii of 
hhr|.\||lV. No fnnnn i*. it p|ii|i(-| ii|>)r(l (<t hriiclM rui O 
pirirnird to thr* puhlit vk'w , (h:in liil«(i i ipiium'. a'r 
rented hy all ranks, who (tmvd with iinjMiiriuf to (iii< 
cuntiibuliuii. Nui only the miimuurs of u^r uud iw U- 

i' -f \\n:U 



i ASSAYS. No, 8|. 

t\tffb art ri)/itli(;<l \iy ihr* Iwj/I (nuaruul vl\Ml(\imtf\ttf 
ftiiil ih'T liiiti lullHinfi) hy (Im* citliiiiiiii'.-) ni' h con/lagrA* 
(ioii n^jihircil ^ luii i.m- iMifimr;;, wlich reilutiMi lo tt miio 
nl (iipiiviiy, aiv hiinidic^l with rvrry cointbrt which 
lUv'if (Midiiidtt (Mil iiilinii, Aiul all \Uc iiiitli|;nity of 
fiMly h*<tir(l indtr) iiiit> kitKliicfD umlrr the o|u«ru(ion of 
ihuiJiy. I'Miin ciiR arciirniilatr'il (./imu ul it loinmiliiir/ 
lit philiififliiopifU, iu( It Hii tmr naiinn nuy bo cAll<*ilt 
li i\n\\ tit l'^ltlt\ ife );i(>(lu( (.'(), iur yifiiitr than any rem 
ii)ti*ti\ i,l ihtr hi«njc9 iit ftiiit'|uiiyi trum Uuuhut down 

(i hai (itrn r^jil, ihat (Iid ngra of rxtraorJiimry 

lifiuiiiy art* |ia/(M). No collcp/b urn loundrd in i\w pro* 

frnt riir.cfc, ii ia ttui!} ycc not hecMufe \hcrt It no pub. 

9i( (piiit rrtiiuiriiiig, lint li^cftMfe theie if alrfndy A fuf* 

f icni niimbfr ruifrd by the pidua hAndu of our fore* 

f.irhM-). (0 Aurwitr all tlifi puipuf^s of iic«drinical ini« 

p'(i\( iiiriit. Wltr'n u want ii iupplird, it Ia nor piir- 

fti./'iiVi but prudciicr, which wlihliold* nddiiionjil rnU' 

fii.fi.r. 'i lir iiihiiiiMMf') dl/fwbd ov'T i*i'rry part of 

t!tr ).M,(r'ir Ml, firi* iito.'t lu'tiouiuM'' it'll jrii()ihi«b o| lh4C 

V !.(>• vvhi' li IS) i(j (nvrrr 4 niiiliitiirlr iif i'mn. And iticfra 

ih ni,r ihll.fiicr (il hnitiiifnct? (iruoiniiion both in ito d.'- 

I'lct and ( ift untltariLM}, wliiuh, though done without a 

vi«w 10 human hiitilt*, mull itdi lolc tvtu the* fubiirdi- 

r»Hr#* Hvvaid (<# liujnan virdir, Ht who Ifttrly devotrcj, 

iliujh^; hit) li/i', ft noble Initunn to the rrliff of cho 

blind, will It plucrj liij'lin in the rlieein ol p<illeiiiy^, 

than iIm; ituinriMn iiaiii of poilhuniouk benelai^tor^^ 

w)i(; ;'avit what iImv (diild no biii(*er retain, and rtiiiie- 

till)'') litMii iiKiiivi!) M''pr('(rii(r(l by ihc (•'fiioiiou« n« 

lilib- lau'l.iblr. VVhilr HfijM'ln leroid thr* tiaiiH* of He- 

thcnit Mftii in (lie l.i;('k lii lilr, let ntcn iniuibt' it in the 

j(il ) <'( f.iiii'*. 

'I lie i.iiiiivc oi pi.tif'', tli(iii|'li by no inran') tin* br^fl, 
ib a ^." III lour, and a pntv-ilnl nioiivn (}f iniiiiitMidablu 
ioii'li.i't, llr wouM «lo .til iniuiy to nianlvind who 
(hottlil llijli' (lie lovir of l.iiiti'. 1( liicJiUini with ilroiio^ 
ainl lI'Mtly It'-.ii in Hi'- lio(uiiii rd ilir mod in^o-nuou*. 
Ji hiO) in(|iiti'd inilidiiihii hi the caufr* of all that i« 
p(.nd and pir.it. VVliriL* paiji-'iue ntull have biiltMl, 
and ptik'vc'uun-c been wc;uicd« il Um ur^cj thionc^li 

Uoublca 



Ku. K), 



M () K A 1.. Xi. 







(riikililn ilci'itii-il itittili'i liilr, aikil llimul iii->l (Inoii^'li 
ilWii. ullu'a Jlt'.uii il it-. iiHili iiktiUlit it'll'- I'lih, |i mil \ • 
iliii^.i, iiiul ili'iiili, li.ivr liic'ii iiitiiiicil Willi .lilt my 
ill lltr Iriviir i-l in.iliK iiiJt ividl itii* rsju'i'l ili>iii nl iio 
uillt I U'tiillljii'lu r ihtiii fill liiiiiiikii (liji tliltiiii'liiiii. Ami 
1ft iml llir lii^Miliiy nt lilill(il('|>liii itl ii'inii iLiiiip (lii« 
i.iiMi' iiiilnui, %\ liii li t.iili .. ill li^lilliil Irnliilimr. ill llii' 
IkiMri ih.il )iiul>iiiii> it, .mil >',Ui • itii* (•• 'ill llinl >• inl* 
liiiii' ill lili' uiiil ill till' itti.. W'liiii \\f All' III l.ii ii' 
liiH'tl .ilkil liilt.tiii'il it lit .n't hii'li'h liiMli till' ili'W 111;;* 
}.;rlliiii:-. iif I lir ii'almiiui; liiiilu. \\v lli ill iii.liiit l-I 
itoi'.l III' iil\ii|viil ill illct ; t>ii: \' r lliall ii*. trlilnlll 
.iiiluixi' iiii> );lciiiiti. t-iili'i|>iiU « II lii.iuli a villtic lu' 
\ iiiiij ilii- li-.ii )i (it III iiiliiii r. 

I III- liiiiii lit iiiivi iiltiii' ill Ii;. 1 .11 V iiii>li 1 1 il' iii)?,^» •!» 

Vkll Ji III plllltill, t •illllll« II i'. .Ilnl \*. W , lllllll IikI tic* 

till, ntn.ik'i'il. II it |<iiiiliii> . ill ii \\ ttu ti i. wiitili litili- 
i.iii.i', iii'^*lk-i'l ii r.il,. 'I'iiiii I. I )'i. It I'liili.iliilih , 

)iii\.-\ii, itl.kt It will • l.-'ll rJikliil liMIn llilh-.; i iiii.Ul- 
ilii: (it |i|iM|ii|i* .Dill illl|>l • \ I Uli It!. liil W In II r\i'iy 

111.-. ,iiii-iii]*t ii I Ic.'t I.I il !■ . i< '. 1 1 it)', i-i i.i. II « ii •! w iilk - 

till I .iihili. Ii'iii. 1. .iihllit* l! t 'ji tt> -. . ..I I ill. Iiiliiii li 
ilr|'i I III il, lill ilj |ir •iilku'l iiMi . lit l.ii li- 'I'lU'r il> iff III 
jiilliU' illii('|;iiiil. '1 illr .ml lii.-l iliiir .lii' lk>v.i Ii'H,'. 
lt.ili.ii.il \ . W lii'ii lli(\ 1 1 .li' 111 i.ih .iiii I , llir> liiiiiiiiL* 
lrii.i)'i.i.!i*. 

I iii\ Ikli.i il iiltcinpt til }M\i- .1 lil>r-i .1 f iitri I tiuiiii'tir 
1 : r II 111 I I'll 111 .1 I. Hill I .I'lili', I ill ill)' It M. I vi'i iilinik llii>ii! I 
!.>>( ti.i\ I' .1 I lllllll III jiiiiili*. im lilt' I iLr III till I'll i i( • 
|Mii|* liiiiU'i|lli-|ll I lull .t\ iHii , li'liil- ll.iMiiil It ililjil iM'il 
will I. Hint' li lilt i|>|)i'.ii till I' i>l Mil i-l I h-il>!r itil^iilll \ . 
I I allii.iiiiii'^ l|>iitil .till r, iiii.i mI riiij>i\ U It ixiniii. ^ll 
\rillv iliiiU llii: tijii iiiiii* j-iiwir. ^ii il.i tuli iii|i-' ilii' 
It.il lli.il vViHiiil rill- li.iM In i ii .1 tilulliiiii. ll i. lii.illki-- 
.ill].' iiiiil I'll III i . Ill I . Iilill I' limit' w !iii l.iit . 1 1 i ■ hit .III III 
|!rili', .«lul l.lll Hilly lllilll l.Ulli ll'il 111 ill* II \>\\ii 
ililj'iij.il. 

'1 111- |iiilili', liiiWi'vt'l, III \-. I M nil .iiiiiii'^ )i.l I iiliiiilly 
l.i i II -tlloW III W nil ll t il lilt V ti| i I III I till III, I*. !lli ti ll .l>|j 

III llll|Mlt tll.ll It W .1 . lIlKlll'lll 1*1 llllll- \ lllll . ll li.i. 

llllv; LllU JlMlWvl \Mlll .!)•)- IlLlkl III- llliii.tlii'll. 1 liis 

iJ ^ I 111 J)' 



to ESSAYS, No. f4« 

Aiivly It the rcMt of a perverted judgment i for inren* 
don ii in the power oi every manf tnoiigh no m%n Cftn 
command ftbilicy. 



i 



No. LXXXIV. OS PHILOBOPHICAt CRITN 
CIIMi AND ON THJi UTTLU AMSISTANCfi IT 
OlV£8 TO OfiNIUS. 

A RISTOTLR was the flrft of thofe writeri wba 
jr\ endeavoured to render tafte fubje^ to philofopby* 
Hh poetics are almoil the oniv parts of hit works wnicti 
continue to be eileemed wirb g degree of implicit ve* 
Iteration. Mutilated and imperfeA as they have corn* 
down to us, they yet contain many fentf-nces pregnant 
with matter« ana which lead the mind into the moft 
curious theory. Vet it is certain, that they never yet 
formed a fing^le poet, nor aflided him in any other 
fefjpe^ than in the mechanical contrivance of a plan f 
a defe^ in which is eaAly forgiven ,^ when it is fuppUed 
by the native charms of regl genius, Of this our 
fihakefpeare is a proof, who, with .dl his ignorance of 
critical r^finoment, wrote in fuch a manner, as not 
only to be prei^rrtd Uy thofe who idolife him through 
prejudice, but by the mofi impartial readers^ to MC' 
chylus, Sophockfa, and iiuripides. 

Though the old fcholadic metaohyAcs were fcarcef/ 
ever more exploded than in the prefent times, vet there 
is a taile for nietauhyfical criticifm particularly preva« 
li;nc among our tlfoughtful neighbours in North Hri» 
taini The author of the Itlements of CiitiLifm haa 
penetrated deeply to difcern the caufe of thofe euio* 
tions, which literary compofitions are found to pro<- 
ducff. He has difplayed great talte, great elegance^ 
grt^at readin^.^, and a fubtilty of enquiry, which muii 
liavtf refulted from unwearied labour, and from a fin- 
gular (hare of uHtiirai fagacity. Hut I believe no reader 
ever fiund himielf belter able to compofe, after hav- 
ing pcrufcd iiis vulumesf than bsfure he faw them. 

Nor 



Nu, 8^. MORA L« ^c, H 

Nor U it CM, that ihrir auihtjr, with ull liia (hcforcti- 
till kiioM/lrJ^e (it )tiieiiy« la himU 11 it jiiu l lU mi i»i.iUir, 
Ttii» ib nut Uilvftiitril III ilciiiiit iiuiii Ui:* ninili Im jc 
is true (it Aiiltoitc, aiiil ot all iliulr Nviiu'i.-«, ulio^ wiili 
h geniub lur logic uiul iiiiMu|ili)iii<i, liavr iiiivinl im 
liic pruviiiifs of i.tllr ami i itiii.iliii. Ui. C'fttii)tliL-tr« 
flilJuhiphy ol RlicUiiu' u a Liiuik iii iiiuniiinKiti uieiic 2 
ii ik read with gicai plcahiic: ami iiii|iniV('iiiL'iit i >l-i il 
will be rc*ailily uvviimli chat it tnuU liiilr tu luiui ilir 
uratt r. 'I'litf hiiilinr of ilic ()it|*ia .niil I'liifML-u iif 
l.dii^u.'igc hub Uiltilaycil, a& llaiiia lays, " utitiiy ju* 
'* diiiuuii aiul cuiiuub iiinarks nii llylr, Liiiiiiniiiitiiit, 
'* hiiigiiaijc!, paitttularly ilir iMi^lilli j ulili 1 vdiituib nt' 
** the UK cuiiic(|(ifitcc tit ihulc wlui wllh iillin in vviiic: 
** or judge with aiLuiacy uiid clc^itiuc." 1 iiife irmi 
taiiily Hue i and yci niimy li<tvi' wiiiU'ii, and many will 
write, wiih aciuraiy and rlr^«aitcr, wiihuut cvtn ht^ai- 
iiig of this exi'clUnt tiL-aiilr. 

Moll ot the liuokb ivliii.h ilif woiKl liab agreed (u ad- 
mire, were conipoiid pii'viinillv la lUr. a|i|ii' uanir ol' 
fyi(eniatii.al and abllrulc ihciMim ul tiiiiiiini, nr Uy 
auihoib who, it ib well known, luiil iln'iii no aiieniinu. 
I'lonuT, who ib Hill ilu- licit lit .ulun author in ili>' wuild. 
had ncillic'i' auhriy))e nui inllitM (tu. It.nl hin muni 
hreii lalkd oil' liiini (he hut k ot naintc, lu liuli Ijn-m- 
laiionn an the .Siagvnie iito n^auLi lulun iiird Imni Ins 
noble invciiiion!), ihtTe it guMi iriilim in lu-l cu*, iIi.il 
the Iliad aiul Dilylli'y had lon^ a^^t I'tint- \%.ii lu 1 all 
the tiddly I'onrCt |irotluilninb aic tiaily liailntin-i . 
'i'lieoLritu^i wuuhl probably havi; wiiiii-n vwih nnuli b la 
eale and linipliiiiy, had he irad iill thai tianal iiiL;i- 
iiuitv ha« aiivanced on palltnal jmu ny. 1 in: 1 iraiiunn 
ul Deinullhcutb. huwrvci tlahtM.tii-, wciic nut iuitnt-d 
Ull the moiltrla ol prutcded ihiriinii iaiib. Nn ll«.lln had 
v\iiiien when \ ii^.il I'ltilnt c^l ln^ nta^'iiiin c-ui uuiL. 
No irralileii on iht- liddinu: ami Iti-.uiiihil li.ul ajijuMit d, 
wlu^n Miliun pouirtl hi^ niajiUii l*>ii^'. Naiuit-, ^;li)w< 

in^ lialnit't In^^clb'tl ihc L'Jkt|uUllt-ly liiu-- ulcaa a.^ llicy 
Ihiwril, and Ull labtiiioua ( 1 tlii ilai In wiai y tin lilt 114 
iuruiing luleb and tyllniib Iidui ihc unlludlid ctluiib ut' 
iur huiipicr Icniciiiy. 

U 6 ll 



\)\A\ iht»<i^ hH^h»» vshu'h ^IujOav ^vvai ia^r\uiiiv> «»♦ 

\tii')^(i, 4\\\\ lh«» Tt»n»U infill l'»U|'l*>\<*ki U\\\P A\\\\ (.-liv'Hlk, 

ii^xli«>«», ihi^htil <tuthot^ \\\\\\\ .'»» <M<t .•»»^^»x*^* \\\* mm^w- 
\\hiif\ lu' Will l»o »» ..1 Nx»ia jU;Moii', ih^'iuh li<» ih.u^M 

f^«ikf l\<tV«9 4ivKli»^«l OIU- hi. i.;i>tt\ it. •! tlhiv'k fiou> AuiU'U^ 
la hia MIO^l.MI li>:i)i (Liin^ nf C*.-l)u«MM\% 

*r\» UM'W \\\ \\\\M \\*\-^ \\x\UU x\\:\\\\^\\\U\ Of iliMliUa *'OIW 

i<'ta lot'- ll|(S« I lO (in. M.-\ «( il : («>l liu' DIImJ. di tl }|f|» 

|*»i'i\ of'»» 11 t.i'.l. !k« i!u-- .\*", i'-.«M«i:!i I. »,-»!ls »!|» r)U 
tittiuu Iti lit \ t. w I MUM'i p:.'ti'.ix' (t (te!>l «'t Uli'lf, 
W oil !'»• •*! |Mi'l«.;l«:l!i\ , II \\ i-^ '»..■»! ltk{«p«M«'J^ l\\Ai 
^Miu'.'i li :nl t \ it a« I t'lM ;i \ |s'\x . ) \*i .ititiUtoUt <t « 4- 
i>,-uii\ oi lilt- tAtii'tl %\ <iii.u)>ilu; iu«)( %!.M»'>\ r\\\\\ 
lh*M:j;I\ 01 .1 v'r<H»«*» Iv^ »\.i\ %''»»'l ili.tt |o!uUa lk« 
l«^i^i|«l t «•( l.iit-i*^; \\\ \\\^' wUAs' if \\ ill dll lU 1-11^11^ 
It'UltOllit (t,'|^ iiti, tu l.'^i htO\;ilu (ItlOtU^ %M(t^lh. Alul 
t OiKi %|ll»'tU « 1- ImII |( W «^ H\\\'\\ :lll « \ U <1V«I ^IhMI > OON^ «»V 

*»l ;kM»'tllUM| |0 l». i^»»UU'>^ \N I\|» ll |^lllrt|*^ » .HIU»V l»i> a|- 
|0V%J. |h«MllU ittOII l,tl:)i| Im \\\\i'.\ hu l|i> Ull) (tflfl!!)- 
Iioll U «:I|H. %l <tiu| i.MlUili' ( liiu (<l| \U%' W'WWV h Olllv 

«)i.ti'i*vtti <\\\A du'- ivitihvt iMl iii\o)\t\| (ii lu oM\^uiaI 
xMu iiti\ 

li I-. too ot«\ i»Ml()\ fUI«i Ul t>0 iOUll\«\ t'lU'ili ihrti lhi:|0 
\i AW \\\%\\\\A n.'K'ltliii III |h> xMi^ilMCiiUMl of thftriti^il 
ki % II 1 not liiiItU III I lit- t'Miili.'i) UixWt \\\\\ III iUl> Wx- 

t«»ui fliuClvh^ol itu: luvtuhlr (('Ut\>^M w Uuh t«'uuUiP 



Nii. H^ 



MORA U Ai-. 



«! 



•ill (hu aiiiiiiul u-iulc*iii irs aikI miiiii.ita li i^tliii'hly |mii 
li.ilili.*, ih.ii it iliHii'iiic h 1'* ti> <■( iiiui.^, Ill .1 III 11 II ••,11 

U.ilUIti lit lllilll, ib Ixrliii .lUU* itii.liliiic III! I (I II, .it 
viiiiiti M^illl litiri I ill)', iUitii.iiy, lliiiit •! ii.t'K I. nil ii^ ill .1 
llliilc: jrluXL'il ii(li-llililtl)<(: cii llii U' iidil mii 1. 1.. i( Iii.fi 
liiili. 'I'liift i.iviiui,ilili' |iii-.ltl|fi.|iiiiiii ill lit. iji--iiir^ Jtil 
liiVkCil hy |ii;i uliiii «i|(|Hiiiuiili)( :> Im i tilli I'lu.;; i.U ■ , .iml 

\iy iliiiui (lltCiMa In jllijj.lll lliilli In iJii tM.ilil^ liii<, |.li- 
li.i|lt» L'OltilllUlt- k*.l|ii| Wl'litll llll|.tl\ I' I hill.-. 

'1 liuiL' id niilcL'J llllli' ijifiilii, iidl lii.ii li.iiK I ilfl i.t jrc 
iilLla, or, ill imIu'I Witlilai (liillc |i('i iili.ii .iliitiiy liiiiitiw: 
u (iiUiin lliiili lit iiltiib liLLtllaiy III llir |ii.l 1> I 1. 1 ii.iiic 
rtil, 1.1' 11) llie (lUiliiil (it Inliii- |iiiiti llixiii i:i |.i.ll«il(ii \,y 
I u jy iiiilivuiuul iKil ill a Itaii: til iilinitiiii. N.iiiut', a 
kind paiciii til all liri i liililiin, li.n uhtiilly « inlnwrtl iln-iti 
•ill wIlIi a niiWLi ni i-ktiliii}? lln iiiK ti > .i^ m Imnf M^.ty i.i 
(iiiiii, wiili Ikill ami liili.iiiiii^i'. 1 hi uii.liii idiii Uhn 
Lli II, thai ihe iitiiii iiiiuiia (it iiuiiin .iic. imm <iK\<tv:> tulii- 
liiiilly iiiaiiitcU lo ihc iiinluLMnid nl (iliii iidnh. '1 lu ilc- 
lliil.illfill ibiitli'll liCirll.uiIy li;,ri|, |.i-}i.ii itif lin nil li i m i: 
Ullilcil at lullii iilll 11il:1i|:I1i III |.oiiil tfiiL ill! II |.ii.|ii iiJil) . 

llliivcj tal L<c:iiil|6 ib ihili -ni r|i.iilii}'l) , |..ili.|o intii, 
III lliJkVi'J. liil the jfichi (ritdi'ii III iiii|' .1 iiilil V, ^'.liiii: 
li.iltiii: li.i^ alliiVVCil iUl i'4i I 111 lit i. Ill .III, II lii.ilk-ililc «!(. 
|.'lir(-, ilii: haci ntlL:il |iLi itiKlril i lU Ji i I lu i niii.li i L.ii.uH r. 

ii. V(i ill tliL* liU'i.ti y aiih.i; i.! .iliiinii • > 1 1 ^ ii iiit.u, ^m: 
l.iiii iiiany (iidiiii^iiiiln il hy iiti< i.'i I'tu.tl • ihUi" u.i i.i*) .il.i,\ i-. 

till: III til liai y UHiililinii ni liiti..iuiil > . 1 1 I J .1 1 1 1. 1 ill- |.| I-. i 
li*^!: Ill ciicl iiicii III till ui) |ii i ji •Itiiii liy V. iiiih (lity 
liii JJ.1I5 llii- irruiii)iiiil iiiiiiitaN, .iihl i^i tlnnliiii I: |i i imiii •! 
!•;, I'miv iilriut', ill a tt -^'. iinlii i.Jii.il >. Im ihr li.iji|.iiii 1.1 i.i 

lii.iliklUii. t.i'l il 111- L llliliili 11 il, II.} nil lliltiilit i: III llii; 
uili .iiila|i(' wliii li lli<tlil< liul iUini:< tiniii Iiii^miIih I'liiin...^ 

»-.|i.il illlilili lit lltitil ll.l^ 111 • ll ililtiiii •] l.il .Iilll «S lilt 1. 11 

IJM.ul.iliila iiilii ii lia nl i linill miL-^ lui llii ({i.iiciil m ,11 
I-'- 1 Illy liiliiilirii yiMI.>>, tintli llir illnihiiii il iiiiilt i II imiiii; 
I't I III' lliilivitlliitl i 1( I'ln. ( >1 I III 1. 1 1 1. .Ill i <.i ill I'll II i.iii 
i.ui (MVIl lidlllltt (t iii/i: ttiltl iiiiiiiiH, li i .1 I iiii|i 1' I III I \.\.; 
i-illiiiti lit llic lillliiiii 1 nl liinU: \\ lin ti.ivi In 1 ii |i il m 

t'Vii) iliiii)^ ['^Diiil .iiul |.',r(iii Im llii .'\ililiiuii. 

1 liL' will 111, Ilia- I VLl , ll.i.'} |i:|ijiiiii lit I 11 Jrt ill (ill In 11 ^ 

LuiiViaClui';). il Itaa in'^kCUili IjaiiillKilj |ii'ilniii •!. -..• 1 

ci In. lit- •! 



rt n B 8 A Y 8, No. 9^ 

•rurified thrnii But there wni an inward rdtlsfaAion in 
confriotM rc^litu'le, a ^cnrrouti fpirtt in heroic virtuCt 
which bore them through evrry thin^r with comfoH, and 
their merit inrrenfed and triumiihed in advrrftty, 

They who havn brcn pofTeflrd of fubordinate deervea 
of genius, have in Utrr timet been induced to afte^l a 
flngutartty of fentiment and practice, in order to draw 
upon themlrlvo the eyct of mankind. In purfuic of 
frhia end, they have adopted vicen and principles which 
their hrartn and untlerflanding mull have condemned. 
Eccentricity hai been the object of their wifhei* Ruin- 
And difgrace have hern the uAinl confcqucnces, and thd 
a<lmirntion of other9 ha* at lall bren extinguifhed in coiti- 
oafTmn* Poor man 1 it hat been often exclaimed, he was 
indeed ctevrr, but he wanted conduA, and he an fort u* 
ttatety died in a g;iol. 

If moral could be combined with mental excellence | 
if thr native vigour of geniut could fubmit to br guided 
and retrained oy the decifioni of well-condu6led art ; 
ihen might be fupnlied, what none will venture to ex- 
fredl, the two grand drfidrrata in moralt and literature, 
a perfect man and a prrfeM work. Biitliefore per^rtion 
Pnn he rrafoMAbly expected in any thing whicn lielongf 
to man, thi» mortal mull put on immortality, and thia 
corruptible, incorruption. 



No, LXXXV, ON THK IMPORTANCE OF A 
OOOOCnARArTF.R,rON.SIORRBD ONLY WITH 
RBSPF.CT TO fNTERIlST. 



AH the mind«i of men are infinitrly ?nrioiis and ai 
they arc thrrefore inlUirnrcd in the rhnire of n 
tondu^t by (liffrrent inducements, the moralifl niuH omit 
no motive, however fubordiniitc in it» nature, while it 
Appears likely to lead fome among mankind to a lamU 
alilr, or even a blameleft behaviour. A regard to cafe, 
to ititercH, and to fuccefi, in the ufunl purfuitji of wealth 
mad ambition^ may induct many topurfut an honefl an4 

honuurablo 



No. 8;. MORA T., Arc. r; 

hnfiDiirahlf rnndii^Y, whri wnu!<l nnt Iinvr l>rrn inflii' 
rncril hy jmrrr inotivr^ : l>iit w,hii, .il(rr lliry h.ivr cim*? 
prririvril llir intrinfir rxrrllriHr ;inil lirauiy of iiiili » 
Con dm* I. will prolMMy prrfrvrir in it fot ii-i tiwii litk«'t 
tml upon )iij*,)irr (onliiiri.iiinni. 

To ilinfr wlio «ir to m;ikr ihrir own way rillirr to 
wraith or linnoiii«, n y/HH\ < )i:ii.u*trr i^i iihiulty mi Irfi 
nrcrfHiry lliun ;i(iilrrfii and Hhililin. 'rtioti^'.h liiitnnn 
iiiiturr in dr^rnrrjtr, und i firrii|iti iilrif llilt nioir hy iii 
c»wn invrntioni ; yrt it iilii.ilty trt^iin^ to ihr Ui) uti 
rflrrni lor rx«r||rniT. Iltil rvm il wr air arrivi-d m 
Uu\\ an rKlrrntr ilry^rrr ni drpiavity .in in h.ivr loll our 
nativr rryricn^r rorriilnr ; yrt n rr^:ird to ntir own in- 
Irrrft nnil f.if'riy, wliii h wr frldoin Jofr, will Irud m to 
apply Inr aid, in nil import.ini cmuh^hons t" ""''> 
wliofr intrjMiiy in unimpriirlird. Wjirn wr vUixir an 
aflifUnc, a partner, a frrvinif, otir Hrll rnijuiiy \n con- 
rrMiin|r ln« ihara^^ln. Wlirn wr havr occahon tor a 
rnnnfrjlor or atiornry, a phyfnian or ;ip(>ihc(-aiy, what- 
rvrr wr in-iy Itr ourtrlvm, wr alw.iyn ( liiifr m iiufi our 
pfopriiy MMfl prtfon? to mm of titr lirll i linniMrr. 
wlirn wr f\x on the tradrfmrn u ho air Co (iipply n« 
with nrc rH.irir^, wr atr not ilrlrrininnl hy tlir hpn of 
ihr l.inih, or thr wnll, or tlir fo«r ; nor liy .1 ()if»p hdnl 
up ill thr niotl rlr;;.itil l.iflr. Imt hy thr Liirrll trpiil.i- 
linn. I.ofIc into a daily nrw(p.ipri, ami yoii will Irr, 
from thr hit^hrll 10 ihr lown;! iiink. how iniporcani ihr 
ch.ira/trM of tlir rniployrd apprar 10 tlir rinplnyrn. 
Afirt thr advrrtifrinrnt han rnumriaird thr <|ii.<liliri ir< 
f)inrr<l in thr pri(on w.intrd, ttirir < onlUntly fiillnw:, 
tliat iioiir nrrd apply who < ^niiol liiinp, an nndnnalilc 
diata^lrr. Ollrr yoiitfrlf nn :i uindidair for a frat in 
pAiiiaiiiriif, lir promoird to Iioihuii and rnio|iiin'*iii, or 
Ml aiiv rrfpr^t aiir.i^t \hr ailriitioii fil iii.iiiL.tiii| iipuu 
yoiitlrlf, and if yiMi an* vultiri iMr 111 vntii < liai.p'lrr , 
you Will he ilrrpty \v(Mniilr'>i. 'I lll'i n a priin.il Irlli . 
monv in favoiit nf honrliy, which no wiitiii;y. and no 
|tiatMi(r%tan pnilihly rrfiur. 

Youih; iiirii, |liri(-|iiir, vvlKifr ihaiai'iri; air yrl iin-- 
hsrA, and who, n iilr(|iirii<ly. in.iy irmlri ihriii jiiii (u< h 
an tliry Willi, iMi|'J)t In p.iy };ir,ii a tnilinn to thr lull 
ilrj'5 which tliry uLc Uii cnUaiitc iiitu hfc. 'J'hry air 



l6 B S i! A Y S. No, 8j. 

ufually carelefi Anil inattentive to this obJeA. They 
purluethc*ir own pUnii with arilour, unii nq^lovl the opi* 
BJonii vvhiih others fnteitHtn ol'thcm, By mme thou^nt- 
led hdtiun or expreiliun« they fuHi?! h mark to be iin* 
preiled upon thcni, which icartfly any iubrtijttent merit 
cau entiirly erafe. Evtry man will -find lome perfontif 
who, thuugh they are not profrjlcfd eurmioba yet view 
him with an envioun or a jt^altu^ eyt j und who will 
gladly revive any tale to which truth has i^iveH the 
flightflt louudation. 

Indeed, all men are fo much inclined to tlatter their 
own pride, by detracting irom the reputation of oiheri!, 
that fupporing we were able tu maintain an immaculate 
conduct, it would Hill be dilticult to uieUrvt^ an iminn* 
culate character. But yet it it wiidum not to furnilh 
thiii detradling fpirit with real iuhjei^ta for the evcrcife of 
its activity. While calumny in lupported only by ima- 
gination, or by malice, we mav iiunetimek remiive, by 
contradiding it i but wherever hdly or vice have Tup* 
plied iaiiu, we can feldom do moie than uL«giavate the 
evil, by giving it an apparent attention. The malignity 
of fome among the various difiioruiniii of uhich man-* 
kind are compolcd, id often hit'lily giatihod at ilic \iew 
of injured ienlibility. 

In thiii turbulent and confufed fiene, where our wordi 
anil u^tii'iiij are ofien n\ilunilt'rltotHi, and oitener mifre* 

ftrefented, it in indeed dilluuli even fui innocence and 
ntegrity to avoid reproach, abuie, contempt uiid Imtted. 
*i hete not only hurt our intereil and impede our advance- 
meitt in life, but forely aHlidt tlie teelin^k (»f a UiuUr and 
delicate mind. It in then the part of wifdum tirll to do 
every thing in our power to prelerve an irreproachable 
character, and then to let our happinefh depend chieily 
on the approbation of uur own cunluenren, and on the 
advancement of our intercll in a world whne liaisi ih.ill 
not be believed, anil where llaudrreri tliall rucrive toun- 
tt^nance from none but him who, in (*rerk, i& called, by 
way of cmincucci Diabulusi or the Culumniaicr. 



No. LX.VXVI. 



No. 86. MORA L, Lc. i; 



No. I.XXXVl. ON TIIK OSTKNTATIOIIS AK- 
I'liCTATloN l)K THli CUARAt'lUK OK A 
LliAKNiiU LAOY, WITHOUT SU i'FHMUN T 
LliARNlNO, ANU WITHOUT JUDOMliNT. 



XllM moll aitrui'live htaaiy of ilu^ pfifon rcAiIiti 
frnm die jjiaieti ill' the mtnd. Ucliiuiy, fwcct- 
. fenfc}, uiid kniibilicy, fliiningin tlu- cvcb, will com- 
{itrnfute an irrrgulurity oneaturrb, uiid wllNdoiirr excite 
uve ill a feeling heart, Oiaii the bell f'urnieJ inn: and the 
fined complexional hu> withoui exjiredioi . 

N«iture muil indeed have laid the foundation of ihefcs 
amiable quulitieb in the difpofaion } but they aie by no 
nieihodh To eflVetuully called foith and iinpioved, ab by 
ihe cultivation of a literary talle. In a vulgar inrer- 
courfe with the woild, we cannot avoid frciiig and r>'<*l< 
iiig the difagreuablr pallionb i iuih ao have an tllVdi in 
diilurting the counirnanLe, and in giving to tlu; eyeb an 
envioub, a proud, a diidainfuJ, or an artful alped i than 
which nothing is n\ore repugnant to the power of per- 
fonal allurement. ICyeb thai unfortunatily have ucijuir- 
ed any of ihcTe appearancet, whanver btautieb ihey may 
be furroundcd with, poifefb a repeilmt iuiiui'iicr, umi 
oper.ite like the bafilifl;. ihit however wiikc d tlu- wiirld 
ib( books are for the moll puit (lill virtuouh. Ilumaa 
nature u))pt'urb in them in its moll pleating r()li)urti« 
They inlpire gfurnujb iiml under lfntinu'iii.'>. Sin* who 
ib juilicioiilly lonvtrt'aiit v\iih thrnii will iiii<l hri ((uiu- 
tt-naiiLC inipiDviii}' ;r> Ik'i UMini i-i inini inril, uiid lin Idok 
i'niii'Mi'il lib 111 r luai ( i j i\i'.\ iUi'd. 'J hib inull he .1 |ui\m r- 
lul nioitvc l('i (ipjilik.iiion ainoni^ the Itidif^ j iiiul ihry 
niiiy j<il illi.ti, ili.ii pcilDii.d aiitl niciual hi.uiiy, 
lliiiii^'ii, \ IK ii h-jiiii ,iu-j ihi ir dt/inliiion i> not allitliiu*, 
arc II lily iiirjiililtlt: tnnl i{t'i|ii)ii(- wlu'u (.ouiliiiu'd. 

An appluaiiun (o IiddK.'), Jinui-vcj', i.-i nlii'ii Imiiul nnc 
to pMuiiiii* any aiuaiMivj' iHri^t;) i m.i iu ii Id Ik* wnUil.K'd 
at, when ii lb cundiiLtcd in an injudicioub and dt liilU'iy 

\\Vv\\\\\v^\ * 



fS ESSAYS, No. S^. 

manner. The advice of friends is at firft ncceilary to 
point out the kind of books, and the times, the modes, 
and the degrees of ftudy. Superficial and ill-dircdlecl 
reading tends to infpire the mod odious of all vanity, 
tf)d to occafion a behaviour truly ridiculous. 

Sempronia has Audied all the Magazines for thcfe ten 
years pad, and has now and then obtained the honour of 
contributing a little piece to fome of her admired mifcel- 
lanies. This flattering didinflion, as ihc thinks it, has- 
grcatly elevated her in her own opinion. She deems it 
fudicient to emancipate her from the ufual decorums of 
external behaviour. She talks with an overbearing con- 
fidence, which, if Oic were not evcufed brcaufe (he is z 
profcfledwit, would be intolerable rudenefs. Heratten* 
tion to the mufes has excluded the graces from any (hare 
of her notice. If you call upon her in the morning, yoa 
find her with flipHiod fhoes, no apron, matted hair, «' 
dirty face, a cap awry, and fingers begrimed with ink* 
tf you afk her in what (he is exercifmg her genius, (he 
Informs you (he is writing a Pindaric Ode on Spring,, 
and is fooking in Byfhc's Art of Poetry for a rhyme tO' 
trees. It mud be (cnt immediately, (he fays, or it will 
not be inferted this month. She hopes, therefore, that 
/he may be excufed in declining company. Her vifitor 
)ias reafon to rejoice at the difmidion ; for the fight of 
her, as Swift lefs delicately fays of Caelia, will operate* 
ai an emetic, and the fmell as a poifon. 

Corinna happened to fall upon fome of the works of 
eur modern (ccptics. She could not underdnnd them 
perfcdlly ; but die difcovered enough to be uffwrcd that 
fcrpdcii'm was fuppofcd to be a mark of fupcrior fenfc, 
of a freedom from thofe narrow prejudices which enthral 
the vulgar. She cannot therefore talk on common af- 
fairs ; out when (hr f^cts into company with enlightened 
people, (he expatiates on the happincfs of po(fiding a 
phiiofophical turn, and pities the poor narrow fouls who 
go to church and prrfoim all their duties, ns thry call 
them, with mechanical regularity, jud like their great 
granJmothers. Voltaire, Roud'eau, Bolingi)roke, and 
Hume, arc her oracles. She is dreaded by hrown fex, 
and indeed voluntarily gives up their fociety. But the 
men die thinks more entertaining, more converfable, and 

left 



r.. 



MOM A f.« Ikv. 



I'i 



til liiit ivllti |iti>jiiili> »!• Mtn ihi'tyiiM 4 tiri (t If iirit 
1 1 V 'tl |i inlt it III hy I III III } riiiil iii'li I •! iIh-ii rti*> Iniiii' 
ill itl^ «vltii tillfiii III )ii i I tun » I l-Miiui, ill Mill* t III 111 y 
U' liii ti'liiiiti .All t^ lilt 0ii> )iiil(ffS4 I iitiit> mil iimt 
s It' I fill I ll<PMll^ inl'i lll|ilii'« wliti li lirtvi^ fl It'ilnl'il 
II V III ilrtt t< nil I III II ill 1 1 I ll-iniliii|! it II 1 1 til I III t il|i| ilia 

nii>l tt till If rtii: !•< • III) II ly •••liiiiic ill iliii|»' villi wt-i0 

• I Hi ill! !• ill' |l|i' I iiiiilii||o iif lifi . (tiiil mil lii I iii 

• fl l>v lUII t|iiii|i ll|i- {rim I illy ill 1111111 4 • if I III' |i • pt ii 
t'i|o I III- int>.fiii I i|i|i: I if 1' iiU i(t til \i\ > III h\ ill mi I -I 4 
nliii|; lilii'iiy In i Vi i v iiniiiii hi mI lillti Itm U ilt» 

1V14 llltli'lil lit ll fill f\ II'IImII'II iif ImVi l>:, IKi llllllll 

iini |lii V U'l IM i%'l ilii'-lt. 111 ivli'il ill* V «<'•!•■ Ml ill- ill 
i |*liivii|i-il lliiiy wi !• hiiliiii- iil-il hy fill iiitiiiii i 

1 i IMII ll' til fill If ti-ililili^« 111' lli«it qi iiuili:!! ft l<llll- fill 
MlUa^ |iliv4|»> tliltiH V« lllil 'til lll'tl !• |r||i q III ||||i if 

•f lnvi*. wilii lt« llli' \i<l>|i>t hllllillK fiilllli-il ll|l» 
|iiiliiii--l4 |if liiiiiitii lih- t|i| III '11 1 li'it I'^rii <l 
lint liiii»-4 iiil-lltil. lint jiiiii^'il, ttiiit f'-iil(iii« aiiif 
tti^ili niiit ivi« ril I'll! Ill tiiiillifii it, lli'il llm fill till* 
i^lt !• iiiiitii:iili fin ^-vi-i V liitti (Mill lilili* itiltiiinimt. 
iiitii itnl piU'i fl >v iiiiiiti» ills ill rt |<i iv ■lii' iiil> I vi(-«v 
A liinli' ti iiii'tiiti tin »■ , iviiliiiiil III Mil! I mill iniiQ iif 

I ft^llliiiiitiilQ fill liiiii Mil' ntli'ii itiiiilim>t \vlii^lll»^l 
t^ttli iiiuiii itti' tvltnli-. III Mjiiiiiiiii Uiit»:it| lltnl ltt0 
iiiliMVi^il ivlllt fill It Pulii^ittii loiililiilily Mm III ti» 

fii il Mia^ |tt:| |iii|if tffinll wqa 111 fiili nf liiV«i« litfll 
IMIP wllii rtii|i|ii(|i lt«-i| ltii|;ltl ll-iv*' A itftlP tlll'tfll^lt. 
nil ». «V44 f'liiit (tiiil li« ittiitiiin I III I li'liiM'llti'iila U'Plii 

II III ft ilt'^it'l* iiii iiiM i>ivitill* Mi*> wna liniitly fi| 
lit llIU' Mill. -MlP H"IQ ili%'iyq mill I tliU>, l'-«l*'-|l| 

|ililili|t)f Mill ll»:| IHllI ililiiilJ ill |i Ml IQ Ml imitP tiU 

I' ii>lii ■• It ? '•Iiii f'to. ill ll|iiil, I iiii I i^if ll i , lull liil 
• |i-« Inn juiii ^ liiii la Ic I 'ill ll , III livi' ill ilii<3 ivml<l | 
I »>vi'i y liifl)- lii'l. ill', iit ••vil liiiin, lln* i m itvty 
d tmi-iii'tl iinii ti-i I'll ill llii' tiM*. II. ftiiit litt<i li»'V^|' 
lt»-'ii ll III |iiii i> 
liit, tt III 11 « • I V y I III it II. i*-i nil' t fl \v I liy III* Of ^^liii It^ 

'lUi' \\ 10 • iiiifi<l> ll i|. f'l.ii, mill ll 1 |>i>i 'iii'li'il iiy li»'i 

c l''liilli' 'i \*. iili |ii i|l< , ll iiiflii i.il li< ili-lf 14 

lilt '•'ij>|>tiM, 'iitit liiu I t I I liin »■ ill! it •t»'Viii»-'l ll* llit> 
I lli'l ii-itiliii^ Wft« ilii^ll^ i|i|tlil|Uit III itii' J'li^l'* 



ao ESSAYS. No. 86« 

corner in nrwfpapcrH, and hrr proJu^liona have rivalle J 
her nuKlrl.H. ^bc comPorf>ivniginav, acrotliv^, rt^huHrH, 
anU ron|»N, for thofV hrtlc ivJ pockri- hoicks which are 
annuuDy publiihot) tor du* hulirn, aiul fhc hiiy hail ihe 
honour or>»«'»»'>g th<* rrw.irU <or c\poun*!inj» thr J*ii/.e 
K'kUIIc. Wilhin iht» circlo of hrr ttcqvuini.uu'c ihe isi 
much admiicvl U* a wedding huopou:! ainonu Mnv i>r 
thrm> lh(* pHy> tor hcrbridv* caKc* wiih anrpithulamtunt ; 
luul the krrp^ in hi^r drawrrji, liko hahrrdathrrH w;ur» in 
a Ihiip, odrs, clt*|»it*.'*, and rpigramH, uilapird lo evrry 
ocouhon. lhi(» while Ihr i» loarihg on ihc wing» of 
poriical grniu* in hrr Ihuly, hrr ptH»r litilr bovj* and 
cirU arc lrt\ to thr company of thr fcullion \\\ ihp / 
KiU'hrn. Hrr mind i^ rxtrrmrly aCUvc, and it 19 but 
juilicr to allow, that (hr nrj»;lcCtH nothinu; but hrr duty. 

Of all fubjrwHs, politics Irrm thr Iratt adapted to th© 
frnulr chara^trr. Woinrn arr excluded, by the rudo 
Iramcrtt of our conftitution. from all Irp/ilLitivr inftu* 
tuce; and» iti« wrll known, that public utVatrN are feU 
diMu trr.iied with temper, either in writing or couvrria* 
tion. Hut the female politician 11 by no mrau» unciMti- 
mon. Cotnelia derivcji all her learning, of which (ho 
thinka fhr poHcirr^ an ample (hare, from the mt(ctlla« 
neous volumes of a \Vi>odfall. She ha.^ herlVlf forne* 
times venturrd to ctunmunicaic a paragraph or two» and 
ha."* brrn drlighlrd, even to rapiurr, with the thought* 
that a plan or conjeOlurr ot'hrr.<h;is brrn wafird through- 
out thr rn^pirr by To rapivl a cinuryaticr. 0\\ common 
iubj Olt Ihr is mild and ir-ilonnbU'; but whilr ihegenile- 
mrn arr talking politivH. lh • lubnuts wuh grrai re- 
luvittucr to thr tiigid ru'cN i»t drcoruii*. which rrquir^ 
thai Hir IhiuiKl p.iv arinuion lo thr lavhtN. Ilrr colour 
Conors auvl gwj. to\ a Ioi>j' limr, till m \.\\\ \).c can brar 
it no lougor, and buill.> \uu wi'.h a Idn.v' of clo\)urnvC, 
fcajirlv livallrd in tho in.»!'. |i xw^xw U'\\oo\\ ot oraiorv, 
tholV of Aihrn-. im rf Hilli-n.'lv'atr. A uraiv of mar- 
liag^' wai on ioo{ lomr tiiHi* agi* ; biu atirr thr pir» 
lin)inarir.<t wirr all (lulid, and a day tor ihr ratitiiation 
of thr ariivlrs tivrvl, a inniinr rnluril on thr rtdjuiU 
incut K^l' thr balamr of p^u-, ci, and hodilliir.i h«i\r not 
yri ual'rd, nor i* a coaliiion of the panics likrly to 
take jdawc. 

Ill 



No. H6. MORA L, kc. ai 

In \\\r(e fi^iv inllaiurh, and in iliulc many wliiili nh. 
fi'ivation tit ilic wtirld will liipplyi lliert? Iri-m) lo lii\e 
[tcmx Alt ori^iiiiil tuiitl nt |iiiii&, aiij ii luvc nl Itunl.^, 
uhicti, propi'rly diirftfil, i\i)iiM hitvi; Icil in ^ic.ti tiii- 
provfiiu'uia. Hilt vajiiic iiitlultiy uiul iiii^'uiJi.i i-hkiI.i* 
tton, lUniiil:ili!tl lit iiriliit in ft tvimi^ )tal)l li) tlir jiiili.il 
• pratti aOt tlirllila Uilil I'-luliiMib, ll.l\r |i|i'( i;ill .liil r\rn ilu^ 

iiiitictljly liitfiuli'tt iiU'i uMlii|i(i. r I'll \ n. , uttl tJiiliril 
ihiTiii lu il lUiiguilli lluiuUho a i.tui I .ii|uiiiii^> hu- 
DuUr. 

To be afli-Mi J in any wav i^« at all iiiiic*:i, iu all 
plai'ca, ami ill ail ilriiicr^, In he ilil i^n-fatilr liiii ai ■ 
fi^tiinuii (it Iciriiiiig ami aiichnilhip, in a wuniaii with 
yerj liiilc inrrii, ttia\\h ujnin ilU'll i\w LiMiiriiipi ami 
hawed iii ttiiili ti'xi'a 'I'liL-y whii cmi'I nil in riilu'r 
(v<i, arc tiinwi li\ i-Ajii'tirmi' lit In' until Laniitl aiul mo- 
di: It i tu all.iiiic- li'tll, and in Jidn in ionvLilaiinn ^viili 
iitlur^j iviith III ;iijila. lit.' ilu tinii id ilinr litju'ii •luv. 
Itiil. t*il ii ittif'ii lht| )ii-iia, ili.i iliciir 1.1 tin ainiutdi' fiiiiiii- 
liiy in iiur gi niui lUi.i li-.i nur*, wliuU tomju'l ilu* |ii)l- 
itjiiii III ilirni t>t iliiiik iiillidriiilv' nt ltl^ tivvn ihaiaMer, 
iinntl ilir uniirtl )<iiiiii.-> il .ill uU untl. l.n hci ilirii, 
M'liti piill llr.i ih(- In 1^ III ii*.<i| III I'lhun ah>i li'iii in|', 
fake k ail' to tti llu-iii .n .1 |il in m min 1 , ami ihrii iullic 
Hill ilirpl.)) it IdihiMial tiiJli Mil \ . 

In llii' f inl-t'llillini' ni i>l ili- [•. I«.n, .t lutti icni ili-tnrf 
or«.ait> it nliiiiily i.it:< il iii.ii t.xiliiia' nul*- • i-mini' ihill 

ll'iVer a |dai I- HI il. A ir^^.it) 1. 1 .iiiiniMtlv I'lti.l III .1 1', 
lanK, andi'Viiy liii unill nn i v\liiili • .in ]'uinl mil im- 
lifir lit |Hi)|nii:ly. Jlii( h) uiIhI niif lin niiii'l. it I: lilii.il 

hi aili'Mil Uj litile i-lli- liiii Mil- itii'tihi iif uu linnii.ni. 
Yrl ihrn* i (eiuiiily a Kin>l i>l li .iiiil ilitUiriic in l!ir 
minds 111 lilt* Il Ai bf v\ liu h itdimi .uul i< ijUiii ■> u d lli'ii.-i.i 

||>i'lic':> nt mil Ili I't • ill u« • ii|li{'lillim III I J' • iiiKilii y i-i 

l.tld ( liult't d, lit III- I lie I -. I III III ■ |.iii\ III! r n| \\ nnii II j v 1 I 
Inirlvj <tb ritliiin il hi iii;' ., (ti> n ii .ii.iii ni.i/ ) iii|'> 1 L i>' 
((ivrllir lii^' lii'll {■• ill .1' I iilii-. iii-ii Ni'i lliKiiJil (111 il 
tithtiiiiiii'iil • 111 i .ilixii iiin(i'iii|ii •! iii^'it't^ iinli'l-1 illiy 
air lulliL'd ii\ nhiiii lim* iii iii>' ..n. .- I', 1 in.iii iiIiik i-nM 
lirU, a 1 I llKiil U \ Clil) I (iin-l iiil ill lilucil ami injililli iiiu:i 
iillciitalioii. 

No. I.XXXVll. 



•t ESSAYS, K«K«7< 



"-■ '-rt 



K^\^H^^)»^ or N«^.<U.feOt*?4U A rAMU.V AKtt 
rATUm» 



It h K\h\\\M\r u> ^^tMAHk \\kM k\\^ uuhWk^ U hv^i ih^? iJv^* 
if^<it» \\r mvvW? ^y^^^^vllv vtH^ut^t^l \\\ \{\tw\{s^\\'^^K ft\w* 

i\^\^\i will W ^lP.i\IUv rtlKnVv^^K {\\:\\ \\w \k\\^\\\^ \r^\\k% 
\K^*V tt<>XO» W»Uv^tr^ll\ i^^fVv'Wxl \\*<l\ \\\^ \\\\^ K'^i A ^\^\^ 

I^H^rt^telviiUx*^ v^t »hn<U»^i>«* -^^xl |^>ssl luM»r»*\\iMv» >\t»»i^ 

*^I\\A\** Ull U^i* (M-^iy^^U WMUMX. >l<»tp«^i>\l ho^^oM>A^!ti>^ 

\\m\ ^^U\i» \\<\\^ \W\\\\'\M <* (^<^»li\^<^rt^!» h^vt* v^t lUv^w 

«M»wl» will imM^»xUu> l\ |v«v^<>v» how |^^pHMvio^« u \\\\\A 

|o\i;n\ rh\M^* \viM ^x^^^iM^ Mvhl\vM u^\Umhu^»\* ^^xm* 
tthliix' lo» <>\\MM\Mu wS'Th \\w ^\\\\^y^ \\h^\\\ \\\\\\\\\{ ^\\9 

lAm4U««| 



Ffi. »^ 



tA n U A l.« 4t. 



*l 



9m|Im*'M> I- ilV»-l lllk «• liiili- I •■tilllilMi M , ttlfiillit ImiIM nil lla 

fti-ii'MiiiiPiito^ litf»' tli»* iMi'liilniii<ii« iif ft |i> IiMp tliiriWH 

ti^i M4 liMtpMlf n Mi-iuliil I iiii|t|»- ill itii* tni'l'lU ffiii|i« 
•if h(»« (fiiii| I I |»'/'l III. iitll iii> • 'hmii tli>- ffiiil'tli' i'iiit*« 
tibi'liilp lliiV fit*' till MimM iiiMiii iniiw fiiitl iiiiiini I'tiii I 

_ ■ » 

I I*! 110 fiippiil*' ilif^Mi )mI1 I'-iiiinj iiiit. fio il i«t-ill^il^ ill 
llif ««nt|il \ II** (ii|l itl'j'YI l» ill ii'ilfi Mil'! i^Mii.tiil I lilt 

tli-aillMO t 11*' lill^tiriltlM ttltflil-t \u lt|l< I'll-'llll fclllt-fll III 

tlt^ffiMiily iht^-t^ll I lli>* itoii 0ii>l iiiHit |iii-»'ilMl iiiniifM. 

fill. Iiitb iif VtMHlln I riHip'Hl V, ilf fl inhliliM'll lilt I »'ltiiili 
l/ihM*<(« flM'l l>l|«|it*l^4 'l<tt|> ill|l 'Htrj Ifll'l |'lifill|t. U'tV** 

llnU iiiit»'| fMi'l iiM iip liiiMtiiiii. (lit tilt, iiilii i |iii(tiii-l<i III 

iUti Itfil^ lit Mttlfi Mi it A ti^■l^\^^^'\»^^\ Itfil^ lit |ili'fi (ti'itl 

tftlltl'll hlltt'lll} fttl'l I llP l<IIM( . ilMM|t |ikii|( i., Il|t> t ll'lV 

lii^f (p»til lll«> iillU 'Mill ll'it'l •■•ittii'l ji'ii I iiiiniiv- n-l'iill, 

it ttiny |i*-, i|f»ii 'illi ''lintMiit' i4'it*iii>- li> (jit • i..| III! ilii.nt^ 
|iv». lti»< I k(l tif |li*'it li'*oiif (•mil- |iiM<t liflyiiiii in {•■mtiy 
III !■'( vliitilt-i tit t\]*' ••( •li(>ip|iMitiiiii» lit 

lliii if* Ity tim •MMiiiiiiilv |f'«'<il lioMiHi. ilii V ni-iiiit 

li'ltfl* MiMll V '•! tilitl. V^l lIlMI |m« »- nf f 1 1 Hi ji'ii !• i|i |iitL.| 
faitit !•• liiiidiil fli«H |i<iii|fiiM 1^ •• lii> It ii pii'U-iflf tii 
Iv'k.ft'li It tt li|<>t>i.|ll II lilt Ml (iMltl |i^l (ill ll|tlt|i lilt, mult 

iiii1i(|i*'filfitil** itiiiit', •iiii| lifitiji iIm- III'- i'( I'lii'iii'il 
ii4.riiiii«a Alt lipii'l*'* III ('iitf ill*-*' 'M t< III i^li'li-ii I J Iff liiilt* 

4ii» it.tit•^^ **«liii II < i • ;* '*! *• I II III II •! til I • {! iil'itt. |i; I HI • III 
fifiil k.«'titiiil»* tint till*'/ (Ifill <Im-, lit. ij ii'i|i(it.i| III i]ii 
lliio |v|iM it'*' l>-l'l*iit| 'It III III' 'iii'l >* Itii, i> Inn ilit.<|- nil, 
|Im I*', •H'^ f 'itilt'itii 1 ■ > ii(i<ii;i 'I ill • <ifiil V t til it Kv* Il I ill 

f If I'liutt it* I' ^li<t'« •' il II fiil'lii iiiifil tii'ilift Ilii ', '•! liilliMiii »', 
|fi tU»i tM**'»'M tii»iii«l |i-i«-iiti, r till li'io |iiii|tlii pi iiii-i'liifii 

tit^tirft tl itlfit tH'll 

lliii tt<l tii' I iftifi'li I lliiiii ill tilt, ii'l'ilimi ii( |iii|iiiip 
tii'itiiiiii f 411 lii* liiMii. iif iiiiiilli III "iili lilt' jifi' 111 ft 
I'flt'i "'liK il>-ii{iliio ill ■ li>> f •! Iliii iii'i lil>- iiiiiuli iiii III.-, ili'iit 
llfb • iilM III In t M*' '■••III • liil'i I itt •lii.d I* iiiii'l ill' 

flili f ii|t «t 1^*1 , <iiii| |ii-i III i|ii- l|.iiilt.i|, 'i-ii. Il|i III 'iiiiiii|i| 
«i, |i.t.il it ItuidK t*iili ll|i- (ii'iil •''lit>|i ii-iliiii' litii iit'iitk' 

I lilM- l.f|ii<lit fill it -.III- liiMJil linl lit. 'I l||t.M t limit lliiliii* 

^ti*' ttitfit |ii> linlil' in iiiii^ 1 1 i<|iii'>ii fit 'ill linMt* I li'i 

libfillli fill'i IiimII fiiil mihUi III t Htiltiiiil a fHli^tl■'« mMi"! 



14 R S S A V S, No. ^^-. 

h^ \\w nfrrrtl^rv \\\\\$ oK «hi» M\ ,nul r.ird-t«W»(». Hrr 

(uUnni to \\\^ r\hAiHltii)2 lAlk t'l' hukling rtn M)f«inti 
*rh<f l<ul<» tMtP, tl\o«'<»lon\ wluMi* ho.i^rnU imil<(»> \\^«mM 
tt»|»rty rvt»rv mAirn^ttl i'«n-<>. i« inu to tho voitrtRc, *»» tlte 
grtiit»t« »»ru»me» huvlintt lunlOi rhrtc, flmiilil povntv^ 
n\n>^i r« a*^I u:iUinr(«. it «tt-{tu« a |Mr%;inou< r\il(nu'ip« 
\s\\U iu» «t'vniit»n. (mm thr vvUI ilunt\ o» .1 Mt<»ivMp*»«» «* 
wiMttrtt^ ^\ho ltA« o^V'u. ^t thr tiitmr tiinr. :t ihtUi ol* 
ht»r own h^ mj?»o|« h<»» in.iirM^il f'luli'AiMti^iM*! I'hii* 
ttimhrr. in tho mrrtu timr, i< «»i>^;«|}0«( in tho y^dv viivlc 
«W An AtlontMy. lotinu thAt moni \ M \ Mr^tii. or (iM(*n\iing 
tl in \\\<^\% A\\\\ |'lfAhitr«, whuN on^ht to |vu wi \\\k\'. 
hikWxVf \ivilit»'i< All! liitii* think* )ho hon lift innM* 
inl-int. \y\y\\\\ on^ht to Im* Ml ttvl in Itoi InMotit* i.« l**- 
wiilin^, in th<*r\|M»Mli^<^ Inn^UA^o r( t<>,ii«. thr nr^ilrvi, 
finJ tlii» hrtilh tir-;«tn»tMu it MnJi*i>:of«. tn ihp divrttv 
hrtnn\«ol >xitnt stnit OMtm . Mun a 'r^oit' int^nnri^. My\{ 
imiM rt U.ml l»'ow, UiT* \\\^ Iwnt ImI»c ififivr Tont I^k* 
j»a»li.Mirt<r rtnii u*noi.n«t i»nMo (ti whivlt .1 moiln*i*!» hoait 
\xo»il»i h'lTil, if It xxiM' ni»i loll to (rnh(Mi>t\. iVo.f 
inn<(rn<«. nnNrtpjM otpS^n*. \lrl«Miril \\\ \oni Iw'p'rrn 
rt:M«-. Im t'»i»tr \x'»i» It.^No lM.«nv*.*M \iMi in!o A \^*^'\^U\''^{ 
y\\\ ■ ; in ■.\ hi* u Iio i»'t'k I'T \'n'in,^(» |ip in ln« rttn»«» 
jMM In* l> ■»»»•«■ iM» i^Tin. »»n| M. l|.-,l tlMn». hiM* |Mi\ .'ti 

\iMM ^%Or< m ihiMi UM\Mta^« wUuh \r (tMOi\ InHf* . l*ttl 

i .sn-ti't l»:;^ r- Oi loi \ 1 1' ' 

I i»r, l»o\NOM"i, it uri rihl» «"»\ti»\LMMitu-.l i rtnil not* 
\\ i. I»|r«nilu«j'^ .j'l r«.i* p-MiK Ai'il i«ti iM»\ , n»,'iu r« ^xhuU tl»<» 

I hill) <ni|{| I |*Oi'o I iMn W :|U V\ l«M>\l. iMMn ^X:n«(ol lU^^n- 
h*' ifc, (iO«»» \\ .»IM rl ih,*!,-* |,-i\.-, I ■:lh"<»i 'I'lii V\ hu It A 

inoihfi onl\ \^^^ j'.= i, »i Jit; »i<il«r\l Imuxi"; Imh ^xh^t 
• tni.-tin* ol II « liM »- iM I M nii»it inih'>.)tvo ihin |l»i| w hu It 
h.x :»l«iMil\ paiiiAl. \« It \\.\- rtUxine Im . n ^iMont fM*m 
hoinr, ii •* a I|« imv ' ihru* It* jm ri'i*; l.rl ImH littlif 
t»il»'iil .illniion (»'i u i 'oi r;5UM I ;»*l« I'lion li\o« ttl»*I| 
in iho hi\*ii nioil ,ln pU :u t'»rti |vmim w hrn I ho inlAitt 
i« h tny.iii^*, ;it tho Imi'1'1. a\u\ Imilin^:. rt« u \\.io, with 
£• MUMii« , ii« the Itit' of lii*i who lu|*^«ln> tt with \(o^ 
ii\iou« noiinihincnt Uoin her t>\m \ttAl \utlTttlt It 



R A L, fti. 

til irmf r poM^AoH of tht h»Aft wh«fi rtii (fhtlA 

HI pfiHitfi IHd ttt plity (hoD* Il1ii« tHrk^i whtek 

lit M tHktloUl Hllttil HH b«hrfU wlihMIt d«llMillt 

iHil ihc lllkle buy nr gt^l Mr« (till tnHflit«hilI m 
i M (ilMftiHi At fiomii Th(!y pny i Itinh inA 
Witt tiicH!« itid ire igHtn iHlmllll^d to « HuHki 
Hp wtth ftryiHti tn the jtufh^ti i^r tMn^femiJ §• 
'«ii4iiiittheri thu lilt in a mnit etivliibltf loty (a 
tlbn ni^th ttie fin'meri in whieh th«»y notnnif 
nee tmrltt Wdhii Hnd hnt-d blowi, but leNfit yuttfur 
Mtf tti- lHH|tMfi{t« ftiid h«blt« ^ evei-|f ktitrfi whiiili 
le utt^bc uNleAMttftli 

ton M they tin wittt (lhnly« Hmi tilk ptitnt)f» 
e remdyeil tti »ne nfihonf tttnvenlent rehctoU 9r 
iei| ii they Ate tilletti where cbllilteni it « yerf 
[01 iiii recelyed m Into hutn»He)t. tn the nihreaueni 
^ thetr educitinn ihey it-e eonftuntty Iteint mm 

^ Itih^f ite indulteil In a vlflt »r i few tliyii 
• tittle bttt whAt tendi tn inifteid thenii The^ 

nn fithet-ty ndvlce. And whitever leifning thejr 
quthe At th^lf (V:hmilfi| they uiltilty eni(>i> tin thti 
ti aO theit itift In the dtAniA nf llff*i wlthnHfc 
m^i And without pt-lmlplA to t^nuJAt^ their cnn-i 
TAe«i» in uniilly Added to their mlnrnHnHe of lie- 
kleAed And inifled, Ihit nl' tieln^ tlf^pHved nf ill 
t thetr pArentt pnilVrtinnit i \\\uu U\ ih(* ^Ay HN 
pteAt\iH!f notnnly (})end their own {HDtiertVi bnt 
} themi^lves And thelt pAternil p\Ukt&9 In debt, end 
'y JuecleB ordittr(>tt1it^ und dir^hur^fiil emhirrAlt'* 

There id no imrt nf the rimily rthd ftrtniifl nf tht 
ed which hAs not n tend**ncy tt) mini They ahi 
|y«i in i eoitltftnt lUte ttf munifioiilon nnd dif* 
tmenti 1'hpir ulij>*in )n t^nrdiiM^ a perfn'tHAt 
tit Ani«renifiii«, U mnlnrtin iiMfp^uiMJ i^lenHirei 
e£l whith lutmrtn itrtnif- tninM npver yf»t irrnm^ 

They* nl'rtll mln^tn, nrp IphII jllrtly t» tihtAirt Itf 

lelte pleftrure n h(Hliti'(fi, fth<l, In iMMli^rutirm oF 
jle^ their mull ItnpfMirtnt ««»! th»*lr lUily dntlei* 
« there \n n^ihlim miMp milfimitphpndHl thrtn the 
or pleAl\)re. IVU-n ore tivlmUil hv i hAinei Andy 
ig At A tihAttiuiMi lule rcilUyi t^he ituett pteA- 

II Un V Am 



aft B S S A Y S» No. •;• 

fure reAiIti from c«|m aiiiJ inoJerai' fmotioni. Noifri 
lumulc« viulrnctf, di(brJc;r, take oil* ihe finf (j>iric from 
ibai which i» ochcrrwirc lornitfil to plcar'tf, Mitd ltf«v« 
liitttf behind but drrgi or iliMgfcfr^kUlc ini^rediriiii, 
Ballsi iiflrniblica, feiifttti public .li\-rrruu)», I'drUs, drcAf 
VAiiuud company, (liquid be piiiUi-.t oi.iy tit, whiii fh0|f 
artf| lemiHifitry tiii.uirauiui. Aik f w>ir who arc whirM 
in the vorceK u( I'ttlhiun whc^chci iii> ^ ^re h«ppy } Noc» 
withltanding ihey arc engaged* wiihoui tealing, in wkM 
the world I'dlU pIc^dTurr, ckey are a* roddy co cuiii plait 
orUiiguor and ui mirtry as any i)ch«ff p«ri uf' naiikindt 
Pride and vanity iOn4>tfl it)cm in inuvr «^iih oihcra of 
their rank or fortune i buc chrii tuuiiienancc-a and wurii 
abundantly icliit^ (htic chey have, ai jL-ait, Eheir (bara 
of human uneanncfa. They fVe(« indead, che (acir* 
frt^tion id bring didinguifbed Irnni ihc- (Hior, becnuAi 
their lofCiinrai enable chem io pay lur (he dilUn^Uini 
buc (hat iMppinil'a i» but /lender!) (uppuried, whiiih ii 
founded only on the gra(ifica(iou at a weak and wo» 
manilb vanity. 

With rerjte^l (o (hac particular part of che evil re* 
fulcing fioni dillipatiun, (he niglrf) and ironfequent 
niifeiy ut lamilir&« it i^ certninly vrry etiienlive and 
impoitant. Single men, and lingle womeui however 
led aflruy by the lalfe tights of thrii own Vnin iniagina* 
lion, (iiA'cr by thrmfelvea, or at leaf! draw but a few 
in iheii tiain. Hut the ivhoir i'U\i\),\ i^rnrraiion mud b# 
rndaiigeied, ivltrn diUipaiion ia beLinne untvrrlal among 
parents and the head:> ol I'amilic i. 

heihfh aigumenta may (uc'tertl «ihen utheri fdil i and 
I chefefoie wi(b 1 iciuid t'oiiiuue (he grneiality of a 
fertain tiuih i that thefc in leally inoie ple^tuie co be 
found at (he lamily hie fide, and in the ir|^ular per- 
formance of dome flic diirie», ihdn in (he never- cealtng 
imrfuit aftei tafliumable aniufcinnti.-. What i» the de- 
igh( ol feeing au haliaii m I'lemh Jancer fUnd upon 
one teg, tomparrd (o (hrt( at brhulding oneS own Unit- 
ing bane* in (he iap(urea of a game a( play ^ Whdi U 
the drtigh( of glideiihg a( a (lall, a play, a maft|ue- 
jadr, ci<n)p<tred (o (h(i( of a home, in which aie t'ouni 
plen(y, (lamiuilliiy, and luve, uQintetrupted by iha 

cacfa* 

4 



No. 88. If O R A L, 8cc. wj 

extravagance! the folly* the pride, and the reftlefliieA 
of that if^noranti empty* weak, and fickle* yet arbitrary 
tyrant* Fafhion f 

Not that the moralift is fevere. He prohitriti no 
moderate and reafonable enjoyments. He ii too well 
acquainted with human nature* and with life* fo to 
moralize. He maintains only, that though diflipatin|^ 
pleafures ma;^ be allowed as a temporary relief* they aro 
fatal to happinefs and virtue* when they are fuftered to 
engage the whole attention* or to become the chief em- 
ployment. 



No. LXXXVIII. OK FORMING CON- 
NECTIONS. 



ONE can never fufficicnrly admire the liberal fpirit 
of the great philofophcr and orutor of Rome, 
who* in his fine treatife on fricndihip. hni exploded the 
idea* that the profpcd of advantage ii the foundation of 
chi« virtuous union, and n.'ifried, chat it owes ici origin 
to a conviction of mutual excellence in morals and dif* 
poAtion. 

This generous opinion apprarrt Hill greater and more 
amiable when it is contraUed with ihc prccepti and the 
practices of later ages* and particularly of ilic prefent. 
It is now one of the fiiA aduionitions oiven to n ycMin^ 
man* who \a entering on the career of life, that he nnilf* 
at alt events* make connexions. And indiad of inform- 
ing him* that be iti to be di reded In hti choice of thcin 
by ilie appearance of moral and ntental excfllcncc, :ir. 
cording to the iublinie idea.s of (he noble Koman, iiis 
f.ii;.uiuus ^lonil^r^; fnj>;j(c(l to him, that hr is to l>i» 
folcly (uiiiied by the prolpr^l of hi', liitrrcit and ad\anri*- 
menc in (he road of anibicion. Let a poor man of ap- 
provnl cbaradcr, learninj^;; and };rniiH, and a lich ni.-iii 
of f.ilhion, with no pr(-tenlion.s to eiihcr, Ix* iniroduird 
CO a i'enfibie and prudent yonnj*; man of the woiid uho 
has been thu'> inllrudcd ; and, while tlie ricii man is 
viewed with fubmiilion* conipUcencc* and luuted wirK 



•• B S S A y 8. No. II, 

Almoft IdoUfrnun Htrention. (ho poor man ftitnJ« by mh 
notiued. miJ prubiibly dtflpiicit. On tho flight acquAint* 
Mn^t^ lit a llrii iiitrmlu^tiiin, ihe youth whu U deeply 
yifvi't^il ill worldly wilUam, will nut I'mII io call lit thf 
rlih mati'ii houk, and leuvv h carU wi(h molt relprelfil 
uumulifiienui h& would not cu met into iht^ iii^ighbiHir" 
huod vviihoHt puylng thutttfipcct, on any account wha^ 
ever I \\ti \i not hall lo li i upul >ub about goinj^ tu churek 
und i^aying hi^i iiunt tohitiMttkcri Itut at th« v^ry timi 
ivhilt) hfi in Itiiwiiig at thdihicihold nt the rich man* ihl 
|dtilul(iphri 111 ill pHlii ItVa Hud, [iCi^Auio he poilWitf* only 
A coin|i«ii'iu'i wiilii'iii luprrlluiiy, itnd wiihiiui Inlluencfft 
he (hall nut he h( nourcd with the toniinon civility of a 
falutution. Fur ii initmuyiiu wiih ihrfrt inc^n, that a« Ik 
jfe an htiiiour iti know and he kiti^on to prrlonn of for* 
CUDt^ uDil tiilc, I'll ii ia tt dilgiHir to (It kitowlrdgti an ac» 
(iiiitiiitcuur with ihiiU \\lii» httvi' liiuliiii^ to ic^cummend 
thfin luit hoiuiur, ipiiii, ItMiinii^, Miid uitur. 

Thr liitinfttiitii oi' toinicaionh i^ inniiiUitid a« fq lni« 
poiiMnt* thrti it hrtoiiir^ii, in rtlecl, the principal u|ij(*ft 
III fdutdiitin. '1 h>' hoy, whole pdrrntt aid prolVirad 
projilt* ol* ihc^ worltl, wtiuld not, on any ai'i'ountj I'aU 
lo pluic hint (ii u IVhoul to which ihr loim ot the no* 
biliiy uiti iiiic^n Irnt, thttu^h ihi'y am imdy lo tohlrfi, 
thai litih' lc*urning aiu) ^k at )irolli|.^iti-y arr tUv ul'ual 
iiii|uiliiioiiD in ii. ll ihc^ boy hai (•iuvmi iniiinuitf wiib 
ihct Inn ol II Uukr, a Louli m i. lUiitncfi, hia parent! 
Iirt; brit -r plcalcd \^iih hini, than il he hail Ifamrd by 
iirait all Uoiaic, Vir{*ili and lluinci. Thcici \i nO 
(ubinilliiin lo nirun, aiiil no Hnriiiauib l<) (rrvilc*, but hi 
la it«a>ly to pity ilo*hi i\iili ahuiiiy, in iiiCoinpliihiiig ih« 
im)UHLtnt nlijctl tt| liiriiiih|> (otiiii-thoua. 'i'lic mind ll 
intiliicd, liv ih< ir nirun.i, low aiul alijt-Ll i Mild ihougb 
ihi' boy ittdv alinwjiiU lilu to ilir huiuiur ol being 11 nu« 
blrinni'n ihupUiiii oi In*, iiavriliii^ ioin|ianitiiij )r'( he 
ivili ii'iaiii, ihioUfJ) lilt*, thu liiiumcniii und ijurii uf 
hia l.tiiillhlp'o lt>iiiii)»t(i or V(ilr't«dr-t litunbtr. 

A nuoj un:ti ijii.iinii'il s\iih ihcj uoiM, mi^ht I'uppofoi 
thai ilir icatlii ll ntad to prclcrnirni in Irviial ol ihtt 
priilt-lluMi*:, la lo at.'((uirr ihu knowb d^c and ait'ointdilh* 
nunta whii ll air nt'tt'daiy lo u Ikilhil pia.^lice ot themi 
kui ihii il really liut iho calc i'lia lurrll miU mull 

cun)peudiuus 



)0. MORA r, A(?. 4ii 

.rnilioita Hifcitiuil ptijiiidil out Ity iUa witV nun itft' 

DUIiy |ik'r(ui|ii ill itu: )'t ili UUiHtj V\)l<i itilH itt tilMllU r 
illd flilyillUeiill'iU, liy hu IHi iMib Kiltlliiiiig llli'lhU^ivuil 

i:ir liUtaritfii i btii lludyinjj^ i\\e yitue* ut ditU mal 
•ikt in\i\ ihtt Mru (i| limuUiiiJit aiuI Uilitiiiiilrftiuii. Wu 

iich) ll»?i|li<-'ftli||g (til |iUlilli |it4iK:A» l^iviill) rtiitl III* 
llg ihVlCitUiiiib hi iliiiiii Ta diiil liijiptiia, aiiii evUi iUl/ 

liiig Iti mmh tunc lu ilulijuiiuit, «« ui Uiivtf 
cly ail liiiur ill 4 iiiiy lui' riddiii^ and ItuJy. 

«: Will (upiMiltf it. yiiliiig IliiiU c:|ili'iill|* fill ll|i! |IP<H 
I) of ii pliyilwiaii. i'tit: liiiie lu-ruu hi: imii rf^,tf 
)|;r)i4}<jij JmwuiciI to lu'tniij* lutliiiitulili: U-^Uiivo, 

\U re^KilMg 4 ii'W iuj)> :lli< 111 hifukl i lUil) ftk i»:iHl Ul 
tiilK iliiM with lite iMllilUKil Hll'l liliWttiUb HUHic:^ nf 
jl'd, |iui lit} liD ftiulii'l lli-)<i> illli) ilii IVOltll lJl4l| 

buukto and U^tuiuo die laiil diidc. Uevtr(A\ ytsdfkg 

tSil» inull t'lajilc Urtiiic 111- Intra Ilib iluCtiil'o ili^^ffc:« 

ihia limr iii ihiI l|iciii Ml iluily oiily, hy iiiiu bvlio 

Vb iiUtV iit pUy iilb taiiU, ltd il iaidllirLJ, iiliil hi 
10 /MLLr/b ill liU. Nii} )ii: hiib IcrtHirJ H Wlirr 

Up ftlHl ia will aiiUifl: (IlitI iliC ititill l.tliilljdl' rtL • 

htmict: witii (idliii (littl Hlpi miiiiiA, uill iiitt at- 
e him hitU in Wf:ll H» i (Uliit'^tioiib. i'litllii.'^llnii4 ni'.', 

iforet iUii Urii mni Uu lail ItiiLty ni ilie lUy. H hn 
1)6011 hirtuihiu ciiuiigli hi|MiiLiiie ati iiuiuiiunitiii hi 
w litbii |Kri(iiitt| aiiii hi i^rt IkFJIit:, witli luLtdb, In 

.aitf Ut iiih\ti J)l|il|r|a l)tivVH|^i'i'a {ilii.l%ctl lill|*il, lii« 

iiic ib iiuili^ i he Litiiiiii( fitil til hrhig nfi liiiiiitiutkii 
lOie tiiiUiciMihiib ill ili(^ (aiiiti tuIhiiiiiaMc liiu:. He 
k'U will ticuuiiit' iht: failiiiiii, aiiil |ieii|>|i: lil Idlliiiiii 
with tu lir! ill, oi- |iiiii;iiil lu hi; illt iliac ilmy uhiy 
; ihu (iifiiit lil Cdlliiiu J.i(uti)|- iuih an oiiu '* nui' 
liylh-iitli. " C'lililiriii.iiii) \\*i\\ tiuiv lid iiiittlir, tiiiLl 
t:y an iiiiinliti^'il willi hii li id|'l.|iiy, (iidi ilut iluihti' 

liCi'iillU' rt gli-ftlL-.| iiiiiii tliuli Ilia iilijiliiyt la, rtiiil 
ihc Iti illt'luh; lu l.iiliU (tiiil l)iiki;b 111 jiiiliUia, (U 

cib III d |lltl{'t:. 

I ihi- iiiliuiihiiciU^ hidiiilii'a p||<i li) ilu: III •iliiig artf 

illilri'il lit llti'll i«l llic WitJKa III lliiij lltinli liiiuc iliit 
IuUlo lb |>U>.cJ L«ii I tiiiiii-t'lliiiu lliaii hli mmit i tiiULii 



30 ESSAYS, No. 89. 

jnofe attention pud to acquiring connexions than in 
acquiring merit s ami to dclrrve connexions is by no 
»eani thought the fecureft nicrthoil ofobsaining them. 
Deceit^ external Ihnw, and pompous prctencesp are 
deemed infallible noftrums fir making connections ; but, 
alas! can any lucracivc advantage, rcAiIttng from con- 
nections, repay a r.itinnal creature for lacriHcing truth 
and liberty) Thefe connr«.^ is are dignified ov the 
aame of tricndlhips. Shade of Cicero, what tndigna- 
Don muft thou fee) at fuch prefumption t 

In divinity too, I am forry to oblerve, that many more 
have rifen to ecclehallic:il enuilument and dignirv by 
lludying, throughout their lives, to make connexions, 
than by fuperior piety or by theological atcainmenti. 
It is !..-nentable to behold rhofe whole minds ought to 
poflefs peculiar elevation, bowing and cringing, wiih 
abjeA lervility, to the «ile(l peer of the realm, uho 
happens to havcr influence at court, or to be the patron 
of a living. The lord ih.ill be ii profcA*ed fcctfer at 
all religion, and an avowed enemy (o chriftianity in 
pnrtiiular, and yet (liall have a tribe of clergymen at 
his I'vee, \«ho cannoi help admiring his wit and un* 
tliTilanding. Preferment, indeed, lerms to be ihe only 
chjciX among many of ihofe, \%ho are let apart to teach 
the wufid that the richeft oi* divine grace are the trued 
riihei, and the diftinAion of fuperior virtue the moft 
enviable dignity. Horace has faid, chat to have pleafed 
the great is not thr lowell juaife ; many of (he modern 
inflruttora i f mankind fcem to ionfider if as the higheft; 
an J, in f ronortion as they are Tervite to (^cir pAUon, 
they ar« infolent to their curate. 

It 41 a majiim with many, founded, as they pretend, 
on real obfrrvationt that mitres, ftalls» aa4 ploraSities, 
are not attainable by any I'uch qualities ai are acquired 
in the fiujy. You mull form connexions. In order to 
furm coni.e^Uons, ytiu mull recommen«i Vfuirfelf to va* 
riou? company by the graces | you muft poflefs verfa- 
tili:v ot juind ; you mull tVequer^t aflemblies, faming- 
tables, viatriing placet: )our conl'cience mull be as 
caly aa your manner^; yon muA take care not to (^ enJ 
loo much time in reading Greek, or any thiug clfe but 

tho 



No. HH. MORA L. Kc. 31 

cht^ C\mrt Ciilt*iuUri and ymi Ciin ti.tiJtv fait (tlvnlu 
ahir i*onitc*iMiiU)!i aiul Vtilihililc* |Ui'lcintt'iu. as (houfaiuti 
an itfrtity hy luMu.i) rxpniriui'. 

Uiii iluiii|*h ittiiittii Ti iiia> ^•ivi* Kmfiilduf. Imtlv ituWc* 

wlltili*. whitU* rlllpli Mill III (iillltl)a ill llii'^llly lillUiili^ t'lir 
J*irtriiiiriit iiiitlri' ilu i.aili tit LuiflUv lUul ii'h|*inii, tiid 
iitit:! iiiiMi'iii)»iilili! I li.ti.iiM. M. liitU'ril, ilit'ii t|ii|>(iii 
litMia atiS ufudlty ai iiaiiuiv, I. Ifillt. iiiiil lla\iiti. an lliril 
piiiliUiA uTtr. Inuiiii, ait.l iuilit-t'uiiiiii^ (It* iti{>iiii\ n( d 
Idvi'tfJ piodiliiia. Aiilt'i C*iiC*io. Uw iny jilrita icliiiii 
w t(h |*lca(urr iti ilur i .iiiUj lic-tiuM 4 poiii ^uuid luc^t'hrr, 
ill u lur^.' |U'iiti-i- Hiul liilriiiii laut'iiii Ilia, iiiii^iii^ lo 
A (li'lMii.'lu'il, iiiilki'Ii»-\ iiip, lUiil liiiliii|i injltiiit* l.iirdi 
iitul I'l.-iriiiliii^ all ilir while: ihal he i:> iuliivulii^* liuiiil 
ihifk 11) till i(a imiiiy 1 

Ihii wiiiitil )iiu tuiluil d Ytiiin^\ in.iii till* liirinadiiii ol 
coiuiritiimi, by which to iiiiuty ha\t' a«aili'il ihriiiU-lvt*i» 
aiiil lilrh 10 rvt\\ aiiil ilctiiACil ^laiudui / My nti m -.iiii j 
J woulil only Coach him to pirtrrvt* a jiiK ii^vciriur lot 
hiniftflfx Aiiil 10 ilrtpittf all liihra ami nil honoum which 
mud III* purrhattiil at iho cvpriuc* ut imih. viitue, and 
a manly fpirit. ] wi>uLI, like? iiiIi.m, a«lvilct c*vny 
yaun|{ man (ami it i-> ihirily lo ilir vtniiii* ihai 1 prr- 
fume |n tii|*^rtt ailinoitttioii'^), 10 ttn.ii i.Mini*^tiuii». or 
rather |riendlhi|ia i hut 10 lu^ i^ui.lcd in hia thoivr id 
ihrm l\v pt^iliinal innrit and a,i(Miivi'd chaiaiWr. 1 do 
liul laya lor it would his imnatui.d ind uiiwiir, that ho 
A)i)Mld nrgUi'l intt*rrlla 01 dtftpilr <idvaiii iiiintt, whfn it 
lk4i| hit piiwui^'d iiMililli-iuly wiilt thr J|Mii( a\u\ imrgrity 
tif an honrtl and ddiiair miitd. It pri-triinctiii i'oin«!i 
unloifkcfd toi, and uiiioui>hi hy In vile; lonijiluntc*, it ii 
^n.K^in^Mti aa wrll aa ait alianui^c. aw^ u diuddy wvl- 
iliU^tr* \\y\ it I mull lairitiri* inv icaltin and my coii- 
iVirUiC. my Imnoui and mv tiicilrini, in tutinin^ iOU< 
iirC^ii\n^ and puiluiiu; jiic lii'm-tit. I icltmiuidi thr 
«;havc* atid ra^i^crly uiiic (i> ioiiipoii'iuy, toniirntuunt, 
•a4 lihYity. 



C4 HoA.\\\\^. 



)t E S S A T S». No. 89W 



No. LXXXIX. AN ADDRESS TO A YOUNQ 
SCHOLAR, SUPPOSKD TO BE IN THE COURSE 
OF A LIBERAL EDUCATION AT SCHOOL. 



YOUR parents have watched over yow help]e(k 
infancy, and condu£lcd you, with many a pang^ 
to an age at which your mind is capable of manly im» 
provfment. I'hcir (blicituJe dill continues^ and no 
trouble nor expence is fpared in giving you all the in* 
flru^ions and uccomplifhments which may enable yoa 
to a^t your part in life, as a man of polifhed fenfe and 
confirmed virtue. You have, then, already contra6\ed 
a great debt of gratitude to them. You can pay it by 
no other method bnt by ufing the advantages whicfi 
their goodncf& has afforded you. 

If your own eiideavourt are dciicient, it is in vain that 
you have tutors, bo(>k9, and all the e\iernal apparatus of 
Jitrrary purluit!!. You mult love learning, if you in« 
tend CO poHefs it. Jn order to love it, you mull feel its 
delights ; in order to feel its delights, you mull apply to 
it, however itk(ome at f\ri\, clofely, condantly, and for 
a confiderable time. If you have rclblution enough 
to do this, you cannot but love learning; for the mind 
always loves that to which it has been long, ileadily» 
and voluntarily attached. Habits are formed, which 
render what wab at firU difagreeablc, not only pleafant^ 
but neccflhry. 

Pleafant, indeed, are all the paths which lead to 
polite and elegant litciature. Yours, then, is furely a 
lot particulary happy. Your education ib of fuch a £Jrt» 
that its principal fcope is to prepare you to receive a 
refined plcaAire dmin*!^ yo^r life. Klrgance, or delicacy 
of t:ifte, is one of the ini\ objcih of a claflical difciplinc ; 
and it is this fine quality which opens a new world to 
the fcholar's view. KIe;'ance of tafte has a connedlion 
with many virtues., and all of them virtues of the moll 
amiable luod* It ici.ds to render you, at once, good 

aad 



No. K9. MORA L, Sit. 33 

■nJ ni^rrrnblr. Vuu nuifl tlinrlnrr lir an nirniy to 
ytuir ciwn rDjiiymriKu, it yuii riitri- nii ihr iii(ii|iliiio 
which Irtiils to ihr uiuiitinrni of n (Inllii.-il niiil hlMtul' 
riiih'.ttiii|i uilh trlip'ldin r. \ ;iliir liulv ilir i))i|ii>iiiii(i- 
tirii ynii riijovi And whiLlt nit* ilriiiisl tu (houlainl* ui' 
your Irlliiw-ttrntutr^. 

Withtiut rxrnij^tnty ciili^^nuT you will tiKikr* hut a 
cnttinnptihlf |)ri)tu'iriuy. Yuu iiiav. iii(lrfMi,|i.i|s thriiii)>li 
thr lutiiiA oC IrhoniR a\\k\ unt\i*r(iiic«, hui viui will Unnvr 
nothing nwiiy itvm thrm ol irtil Vitliir. 'I'hr piiipni i«ti-c 
mill Jrpirr cil' iiili};«iur y«iii r:iinu)l pufli h. hiii hy tUo 
fffl'orlK oi your uun i^rKiliitioii. Ynur iiilliu^lui iit.iy« 
iiutrril, coiilinn you withtu thr w.iIIn nf a fihmil rt trr* 
tAin iiunihri- of hniiri. llr liiny plitir Ixiok-. Iirfnir ynu, 
inti i'oinprl you to h.\ vnur ryrn upon ilirin ^ hul iiii 
Alithoiiiy Crtii cluiiii ihiuii yiiiir tnintl. Vnui thtiup.hii 
will rlr.'ipr I'tnin rvrry rMoiiial rrl)i.iin(, nii 1. nmiilll tho 
ntoH InriouN Ir^lurra, nuiv 1h* t.Mi^»iiiK in iltr wiM pur« 
lilK of litlloN nr viu*. Kulrii, rrlll-iUiM^, (lilitliiMiiii^, :ind 

|tuntlhnirui«. niny. imlrnl, ni\\i\ in llrriii*ihrnin(( ynur 
n*rulu(i(iu I hul, withmit your own vnluniai-y choirr, 
your iii)i}irn«'r will nut i>ltf*n romhur to yitiu* )ilr;iliiie 
01 niivfinitiiJir. Thoupji iIm'< inith i^ ohviitiiN, yci it fr(Mii< 
Ut lir A In ifM to llmli* pinrittn wlto rnpriM lo lincl tlirtr 
loii*R iiiipiiivrnirnl rnnr.iir lit pnipinhnii luthr unnih r 
ol' lulorh nuil ri^trtnnl nliilluni ri, wliii h ilii-ir opiilmifi 
hitt rnnhlrd du'in to pnnidr. Tlirlr .iliillfiiicrn, iiitiml^ 
nrr l'nmrtint-"i .Ht'onlnl. 1 l\it'(lv iliii ilir \oiiiip, lirii to 1% 
liitr (ir rllatf in.ty iiMJul^M* liiuH>'U' in iiilniri', aiul mi. 
Jtiin.il plritfurri. Thr Irillui j^ t-iinlinitMl in liitii. unl 
ihr rxt'iiirr svMl|r*M lor liim hv llir piiviUr niiur, wiiilo 
rtii' hiipK'ln yoiilh iq rn^,:t^;r«l in fiiinc niiiiMU-: plr:i(uir. 
wiiuh, fit thr (amr tiiin', pir^vnnii linn fiinii hMttniii'. 
nnv ihinjir drill (ihlr. aitil Ir.uU in ilio hn 111.1IM11) nl ili . 
Diiii'tivr hiiliil'<. wliirh r:iit (rlilnoi lie rrinnxiil. 

Hut ihi* piiniipfll olill II Ir ht iiiipiiivi-nirin m vfoir 
hhiMil. rlpriiiilly il ynii ,im* tmi plciitihillv fiippluil 
uiih iiinnry, in n pnvi'ilr .imlriiHii) nl him^t ilillinpindi.. 
pi| AS .1 tuiy nl Ipuil III null liK \-iiU': pi.niK.'., mi n* |'Ii iM.- 
|ii|> lllf* l;llk^ Mini IrliiMii, ;niil Ini im ri y vii r iiml iiiri;ii 
l.iiilV which thr piiriijr ium* 1 mii inliiiii. Vimi will li.ivr 
knlc iMiuiigh| 1 luipr, lo ililiovii^ houcaUi the iiinlli nl' 



S4 E S S A r B» No. 19. 

gtlaty and gnod-n«tur9« thftt mtligniint fpiric of itut 
trii^Uon, which eiidtfiivouri to render tht bojr who ap- 
plifii to bookii and to aJI the dutiei and oroper buflotr* 
of the fchool, ridiculous. You will ffr« oy the light of 
your rea(on« that thr ridicule is mifappliipd. You will 
difcover, that the boys who have recourf^s to ridleulfi 
are, for the moll part, Uupid, unfeelingy ignoranty and 
vicious. Their noiiy folly, their bold conndenci*, theU 
contempt of learning, and their defiance of aathority 
arflp for the mott part, the genuine tWeiU of hardeofd 
infenfibility. Let not their infults and ill-treatment 
dispirit you. If you yield to them with a teme and ab- 
ject fubmiflion, they will not fail to triumph over you 
with addiiional infolence. Difpky a fortitude in yoar 
purfuits, eiiual in degree to the obltinacy in which they 
peifiil in tnelrs. Your fortitude will foon ovcrcoma 
theirs i which is, indeed, feldom any thing more tlian 
the audacity of a bully. Indeed, vou cannot go through 
a fchool with eafe to yourfelf, ana with fuccefs, wlthoat 
a confidtrttble flmre of courage. I do not mean that 
fert of courage which leadi to battles and contentionf« 
but which enables you to have a will of your own, and 
10 pttrfue what ia right, amidll all the perfeiutiunt of 
furrounding eiivitrs, dunces, and deirfi/lors. Hidiculo 
is the weapon made ufe of at fchool, as well as in th» 
world, when the fortre/Irb of virtue are to be availed* 
You will rfl'edually rt*pcl the attaclc by a dauntlrfa Spirit 
and unyielding p<*ricverance. ThnugU numbers arc 
againit you, yc*t, with truth and le^fciiude on your fidtff 
you may be t//t aimeut though ulonr^ yet equal to att 
army. 

By laying in a (lore of ufrful Icnowledge, adorning- 
your mind with elegant literature, improving and efla* 
ulilhing yourconduA by virtuous principles, you cannot 
fail of Dcing a comfort to thofe fiienJs who have fup* 
ported you, of l)eing happy within yourfelf, and of 
being well received by muiikiiid. Honour and fucceU* 
hi life will probably attend you. Under all cifcum- 
fiances you will have an iuternal fource of confulution 
and entertainment, of which no fublunary viciflitudo 
can deprive you. Time (hews how much wiirr is your 
choice ihaa that of your idle cumpanionsi iv ho would 

{jladly 



N9$, 99i 



M O M A tu Ai^. 



If 



I^Mly Imvh Jmwh yuu ihih iMr drt'HUiiiiH, ut* uilm^ 

HIMHH>*»«| llH»t il^flhlft nil lllrti U )liHliil|»ftlll^ (ttlil uiniul. 
Whilo ymt rt)»p>''i|r hi liMlifiy «« rt |if(|(aniiltlc> mill v« 
ImhIiU HlK:iitl«'i Mf M« lUy ll4VU Ut)ifUt*l| llli ll|» Dlliilli 

lt«f«Uli hmJ iliC'i^ Uiilii« iIk-)! ft»»iiiiics4 mill ftliPii ilm 



!4^MiV< 



! ■■■> | i « i |tM '» 



Nu. Xt\ TMt WANfO^ t*tMV AH|!ip;j ri^OM 
THM WAN t II): tsAfUlNtltl V, 



V :!«. •■ : >■ 



■♦•■rt St 



T'l* fi)*|mAi=« III iM0« iliiii iliti iiiiMil itf iiinti, wUtih il U 
Jl f^«xt ffiiHt imiMtiil lUU/U milt nt^^iiiilit-*! I tifnijiUiiMt 
fiui^ M»l )uf4 II laiiiliiiiiy |i| itiit hiilul||*:m<^ ■•( •luVtMlnii^ 
iMilH IM V)MMiltl« |iU*i, lif^ lilrtHV tMltl^l III iltft tMiJiii icflli 
«d flllil I^UvfllV*) rtfliin)illl4. llMi il«itili|i ll^iy rllt<t K^*t«.|^ 
itlltllUmU D»0f»lly III lUtlniy nil 1I10 liilit-iiiildtf ildUiMiy 
Willi wiiUh Hiiliiifi lilimlly lunilllico itia libdtl j ntut^ In 

ibtf |t0|IVi4l lifttlMniifti III iitll Im-IU( i|l|ftl)i|i.o« il U till 
WtiMilM lii4l III jMM0 4 IvtiihM'ilH (t<i llttti iil {lUly, lituiiiil 

1|0 KMtt III (Itii fiilt III ctif|«h» 

Il Utsildlti Ihffl itllt UlMKindM'tiiiO ttitty lie liii|iiMVcit 
In II UhttwMyti III ilia «^'Mf M^ rtittl )ii <ltu utio »it lin 1 i~c,\ 
Ihh ill H« wtiiU ilm li'-rtii. III wlirtiA^VM timlliiiiica Hit. 
fUftl III II10 lt|iil«l KIkI (utiihiicMlttI If^liti^a^ U jtt diliiully 
IstBiliitg liiMll Kd )iMi|ii:i f4ii4 MH|fhicil |iiif li-«'lli«ii. IfltUmlf 
«|i |l«*M<^luiii (Mi^liu ill «;«'iiiifc»« 1I14I It U lifii-illy iiiiUiiili- III 
•l-rlVI* nl lllV illfil-iti'Ul III A iilMl|l|»ii» IMMH III till* WiiillL 
l^illttllli liillilfj Jttaliy III lliti MMill VrtliinliU li'itUilli^liU nl 
UMi iMI'llpl^il liitilMt. A 1 ii|M|ilp|»i llifltl 111 iitu i«/iitlit U 
«tl 0llili> )<ll luilijl } III. |ia« ililiiftlitnl tiitniy nf (lit. itallvik 
tflpl Irtll'lfllilt* U-liiKiii li*4 III liU iiiiitit. rtinl fiiUi|il».it (I 
•ll^W lyi'*^'** "I iil<|V''l'> '"i'l |<Mi|ii-hlilit;<i lil Ilia ||\^ II ilCa 
lUlti I lipfb ntti I Miiiitiiiiily {£111(0, I It'll fp. iirtitlil^ 

filllWlta rthil UlllMfll /Wit '" ^illikl ill lli«-(i' citiiitililCd. 

Uttil 4ili^i*tlv til liliitil llli' (^iili* ill '^(■I'ly ttiiii[r lili^tnl^ 
^lilfil^ifjj •lUhUifKltfc'il ] 111 ivtiy lliiit|i %vliiili |<()iiiM 

1' r* ^'dh't 



}• B S S A T 5« No, 90^ 

pttes more of an inteI!eiL^uaI than of a lienfnal natwew 
\Vhrn x\t hrart u tied down to the earth by lui and 
avarice, it is not cxtvaordinarv that the eve iboaiJ K« 
feldom lifted up to heaven. To the man who ipenda 
hh Sunday ^becauie he thinks the day iil iNOir httlo 
die: in the counting- houle. in travelling, in the ta* 
Tern or in the brothel » thofe who go to church aM^eav 
as fools, and the buUnels they eo upon as nv>nlenle% 
lie is callous to the feelings ot devotion ; but he is 
tfemblingly alive to all that grati^es his fenles or juro* 
Viote» his interetl. 

Jt has been rennarked of thole writera who have aN 
tacked chrilHanity, and represented all religions merely 
as diverfined modes of fuperllition, that they were iiH 
deed, for the mixlt part» men of a inetaphytical and » 
difputatious turn ot mind, but ufually little diihnguiih* 
ed for benignity and genen^lity. 'I'here was, amidll 
all the pretentions to logical fag:iciiy, a clotKUnef;:^ of 
ideas» and a crKinefs ot heart, which rendered thenv 
\er\- un£t judges on a oueilion in which the heart ia 
chiefly interciW ; in which the language of nature i» 
more expreHsve nud convincing;, ihuu all the divary fub« 
i!eiies ot the dismal metaph) . ciasv'j, t\en the reafon- 
ini* faculty, on whuh we 10 treatlv >aluc ourkhes, ma>^ 
be pervericvi by excetiive leiineineiu ; aiut there i:^ an ah- 
lliuiV, but vaii\ and fooliih phiioiOj hy, which philoto* 
phisr.e.< us oiu of the i^oblell parts of our noble nature* 
One of thoi'e pur::* of us i> our inihi c^Ne fente of irli- 
gion, of w hich Pot one of ihoie bnui* which the philofo- 
pher> mod .lonMre, and to w hoio rur.k they wim to re* 
duce uj», i> foupd, in the il'kiKieil decree to paiticipate*- 

i^iuS plu!oiOi^hers may be c.»'.leJ, in a double lente,- 
the enemies of mnnkird, 'i hey no: on'y endeavour to 
entice n;au rioni his iiuty, but to lob him of a motl 
exaUv'd iXXxC* n:;jural plrsjuie. J^inh, furely, is the 
p!e.it\i»^e of viv-Vviiv^n. b\r when ti.o ioul lii'cs above 
iMn little orb. ai J !v'»ur$ i{< a»:v>'^;uion at the thu^ne of 
irlvii :il Nu i.'lK, the ^v»!n tirvour whi^h it heis is iti'el£ 
a la'.^i; v'lis vu'vi'ht. Ni.ihrr is thi> a vlcv :,iniaiorv re- 
piu;K.iiivM>, l;;t a iMiOx tv\i u'.id Uv krow I? ^ij^ed by ail 
the fens of me:^. ; except Lioie who ha\e been deteCti>e 
in fenlibility, 01 who hi'^Hru to i^utify the pride or iho 

malignity 



N9. 90- MORA L, Ac. )f 

wiiligtiity or thrir lienrts by finguliir nnd prrnkinua 
I'prculniinn. 

Iiiiirrd, 111] (lifputiilion*, rnntrnvrrfiHl mid tnr(ii* 
nhyrKHl wrilinpn, nn iUr fulijr^l of irli}*inn, Nrv iiii- 
InvoiirAhlr t<> ^''iitiii"' piety. Wrdo tiiM init), tliut ihq 
woll rritownrii pnlrniicn in thr i ))iit«:)i niilii.iiii, wrtr nt 
•1) nioiG nitrniivr thnn ntlirrii to tlip i-oninifih olJiirt iil' 
vrliginti, or tlint tliny wrrr n^tiiulnl hy iiny prdih.ir 
dtgrrf (if' (Ir vol ion. Thr truili ii, ilinr MtlifMnn irn- 
trccl in (hoir hrmUi i^lirrrMii itR nuiuml ir|rinii ii dm 
hrnrt. Thr hrnrt 1 mntinril, nltii ! in mtlr^rnot lil>i.i- 
ririf utiitr(|Uiuntrii with nil thr Iritdrr (ltfiriiir« nt hiiC* 
bund, futhrr, brothri, Irtrnd } (nttir nl thnn hiivr Almofl 
forgotten thHt tliry nonri« n limit h hit* Iimip (:p.irril 
t(i lirAl with thr luillHtinriR ol lovr niiil iynip.tihv, nitd 
hut been rn^iruflird hy tuidr on c-fiiiqnnin^r m iidvrMnfy 
in thr lyllo^ilUc coinliMt, or hy hn|i()iriit un^^rr nn a 
drfrnt. Wiih ixuU hnliiii, tnid Ih ddr^livr ii fvllrm of 
frrlinp.n* cnn wr rxprH thnt n Po^lnr dI thr SnilMiniir. or 
thr dilpiiting prnlrHnr cd divinity, ilionid rvrr Uv\ tlio 
purr iUni^ of piny that vlnwrd in tin* Inilonii ol Mm, 
Kowp, Mio. 'l':t)lMJi, or Ml. Nrlfim f 

An inrxprrirntnl rti»d iinnlilfM Vriiii tn.in inip.hi rx- 
pr^l to hnd rxtrfiordniHiy drvniimi :ind pn ly in lli^ 
rhrtprld And ndit^ir^ of'nur luipjifh tiinvrriiiicn. M.iny 
ttf dur Acatirmii'N Arc hiintnoiird to pnivrri, noi Irlt 
ohrn thnn f<Mir liinrn cvrry d.iy ihioiipjiniit ihr yraw 
Aiit do thry nttrnil volitntiuily, or in ivtu'diitiir m a 
flntntr f In ihrfr niiy ptitritiilni pii'ty or fin rnry in iho 
7ri fmniiiiH c id piil>It( wmlhip^ t^nilr ihr irvnic ; fnr 
n no phu'« fd woilhip ixrr thr pritvri-«i irHil in a ninto 
Mrrlrii or prrhin^tory ntminrr ; in iuuk* Air ntoir in . 
drcrni'ir!! piA^.liird and ruHniviMJ nf, ihnn in llu* rhiipfd^ 
nl onr KnpJtOi nnivrrdiim. The MMinn i', ihnt \\wlr 
who nitrnd in thi'in runliil. lin thr ninM p;iii, niiin nf 
jolly frllowN, who ilrf»wn iill |)miik'Im>. in winr nnd lU 
(-oiu'oiniiflttti ) ot oi dry Incii iiinq nrnl iiH'i.ipiivIn i.in.« 
who, in tlir Ktwriitip, hrii'lici nl ili'-ii wiMoiii, iitn 
fuprtior lu tin' wridinrllt'i ol .t ili vnicf. I li;ivr frrii 
in niAny a rivuntry (Initth, wlw tf ilir i iiii^'ir|>,iitnn ron-> 
iillrtl only cd hon<H( hiilh.indntrn niid iln'ir f,iiniiirta 
■lurc dciicucy and inoic Ucvoiiun, tlun in any (.hAprl«ti 



I 



It B 8 8 A r <• No. 91. 

llM'ventrAble faati of iMtning «nd of r«ligion« A vt rf 
amiabltf and ing«nuoui wric«r haa venturf d co ru|rfl«il« 
diac evtsn the clergy al largn, from ih« habic uf laiKing 
and dilpuiing wicn familiarity ou fubjrd* of rrligiooi 
Ar« l«fit apt to indulge the ardour of devution. than tb# 
common tribe of mankind, engaged in the varied and 
buiy feme of many-C(»lourrd life. 

It in how<»vt^r certain, that a devotional tafte and ha» 
bit are vtry defirable in themielveii, eircluiive of thoif 
tftiidi in melinraiing the moraU and diipofition, and 
promoting prcl'eiu und future felicity. They add dig^ 
juty, pleafuie, and ffcuriiy, to any ai;e : but to old ag« 
thrv aie the moll Ucioming grace, tne moil fubUantial 
fupport, and the fweeteA iomforc. 1b order to nrefervt 
tbetu, it will be neceilary to preferve our feniibility | 
and nothing will contribute fo much to thii purpofe m 
a life uf temperanco, innocence, and fimplicity. 



No. XCI. ON Tfig PLIiAAUKKa OK A UAKOKN* 



NO T he aloiw iii to be rllfcim J a bifnrfa^lor to 
mankind who make* an ulchil di(ittvc;ry i but 
he alfo, who can point out and rc*i'oinmend an inooreni 
plrafuii*. Oi' ihh Liuil are the pleafurtk aiiliug from 
the oblci valiua of nature i and the/ are highly agree* 
able to eveiy taile uncurruptrd by vicioui induU 
grnce. 

There will always be mnn^ in a rii h and 4 iviliacd 
country, who, ak tlu'y are born to the rnjoyment of 
competent cllaten, engage not in biilinrU either civil of 
proteitioual. Hut tlit? rrlUcfa mind mull either tind ue 
make un objei^t, IMrafure, thrrr^re, brctmiev, tu ttitf 
unemployed, a ferloui purfuit. Wtutcivrr ift it* t-llencr. 
and whiitevrr thedcclhimer may urgu Hg.anUit, plral'uro 
will be fought by all who poircf:i the lioeity of rlr^tiou. 
Ji kiecomcH then incumU«nt on the moralill, n(tt only to 
urge the oetfornuntc of iliity, l»ut to tahibll objr^U 
that pleaie without rnervaiing the mind, and gratify 
delire williuut corruptiug the pvinciplea. 

Rural 



No. 91. M O R A L« ftc. ^y 

Rural fceneii of alinoil nynry kiml, are deliglitful f 
ihe niiiiil of man. The verdant plain, the Howi'iy 
meada the meandering Ureaiii« the playl'ul laiiid, the 
warbling of birdi(« are all capable of exciting emotioni 
gently agreeable. But the niiifurtune u, thai the 
greater part are hurried on in the career of life with 
too great rapidity, to be able to uive attention to thai 
which folicitb no palUon, 'J'he daraeU hebitaiion in the 
dirtieU dreet of the inetropolti, wliere numev can be 
•arned, hai greater charmi, with many, than tiie grovei 
of llagley. 

Yet the patron of refined pleafure, the elegant l£pi* 
ouruft, lixed the feat of hik eiijtiymrnt in a uarden. tio 
'was of opinion that a trani)iiil Ipot, fueniUied with the 
united fweets of art and nature, wai the brll adapted tv 
delicate rfpoic. And t-vi'ii the fevriirr pliiloiupheri nf aii« 
tiiiuiiy were wont to difcourfe in ilie lliade of a fpread« 
ing iree, in fonie cultivated ptautaiion. 

It is olivious, on intuition, that iiiiUire often intend* 
ed folely to pleale the eye in her vi-j^etublL* piodu^tiiHu, 
8he decoKateii the Howeret (hat (jiringn beneath our 
feet, in all the prrfi-^lion of i-xternat buauty. Shu \w.$ 
cbiihed (he gaiilen with a (unllani luinilicm nl' vurioua 
hue». Kvcn the leavta iti the live uihli-i^o a phtalin^ vi« 
ciflitude. The t'relh verdure whidi ihey exhibit in (he 
fpring, the various Ihade^ which ihry :tUuuie in luninicr^ 
the yellow and rufi'et tinge ot aiituiiin, and (he nalvtd- 
neU of u inter, atfurd a cunltaiii pleaiure lu a livcl/ 
imaginalbm. From the faow-drup t(i the nioili-jufe. 
Ihe Jliiwer-gardcn difnlayii an inliniie vainMv of Ihaj u 
and colour. The tulle of the Ibirill has been riJiiulc-d 
M (rilling i yet fuiety without reahm. Did natuiu 
bring Ibrih the tulip and the liiv, the rolu aud the 
boittyluikU', (ti be neglei'tud by (ue hau|$hiy pii-uiulrr 
lu lupeiiui' reafun^ 'J'o omit a bugle I'mial duty tur 
the cultivation of u polyanlhub, were ndii ulnub an wirji 
a« triniinali but ttt pala by the beauiiL^ lavilhe.l t)i-(uii& 
Uoy i^ithuul ubierviiig them, ib no leL iu^iatiiuilr ihau 
llupidity. A bail luart fiuda little anMiicuicnt Inn iu 4 
woiuniunication with the uitive wniM, whcic liupc i^ 
gu'wn lor the indulgence of malignant palhuu^ , but au 

aniiabio 



4^ ESSAYS, No. 9r« 

amiablf dirpofitioii i« com noon ly known hy a tafte for <ho 
brautien uf the animal and the vegccuble creation. 

The northern countrlca of Kwiope are by no meant 
well udapied to the true enjoy menc of rural iVenery, 
Our vernul iVaibns, which the pocti celebrate in all 
the luxuriance of defoription, are commonly rendered 
cold and uncouiibrtabie. by rhe lon^tr continuance of aR 
•ailerly wind. Our portti borrowed their ideas of a 
i'print; from the poeti of Italy, who colle^ed theirs from 
nature. A genial.day in April, is among us the fubie^ 
of {general congratulation. Ami. while the lilac bW* 
fomst and the laburnum dropi its f(\<l.ien vlul>er8» the 
fliivering poiVeUbr of them is conllr^ined to leek wdrmili 
at the Ada of his chimney. Vet, from thr temperature 
of our climate we derive a beautv unknown in the gar« 
dens of a warmer country, Few obje^U are more 
pleafing than the fmooth lawn i but the fofc verdure 
^■hich conlUtutes itN beautv, is not to be found in more 
Ibuthern climates, Ic is certainly true, that the rarity 
«f our truly vernal weather, like thit^t uf other deli|>hts». 
increafes the pleat'ure of it ; and it is probable, for thii 
renfon, that un Kni»lilbmnn, notwithlbndih|> his com* 
plaints againll his atnu>l'phere, eujinK the pU-afures of a 
gardfn in iheir i\\]\ perfeiiion. A fine iluy, fays Sir 
William Templr. is a Kind of lenfual plealine ; but furely 
it W(»uld ceale u^ be I'ui h, if every ilay were fine. 

A pr4v^tical attention to a warden, i^ by Ibmt* elleejiied 
a dr\>;radint]; empK)ymenc« h \> true, indeeil, that palloral 
and agricultural manners, if we may torm a jiid^meiit 
iri^m the dienitied drtVriptions of Virgil, are j*rratly de- 
generated. The emplo\ ments of thephnxLs and hulband^ 
mru are now beoonte mean and fordid. The work of the 
ganien i^ ufually let\ to a pealaiu. Nor is it unrailon- 
able to Mvn the labour, which wearies without amule- 
■ifnt, to ihofc who are fulhtiently amuled by the pro- 
fyx'H of cheir waj»es, Uut the operations of grafting, of 
inoculating, of pruning, of tranfplaniing, are curioos 
c\priiment5 in natural philidophy ; ami, that they jiio 
pleallng as well a.s ciiiious, thofe can tollity, who re- 
member what thry trit on Ireing (ht-ir attempts in tho 
amufcmcut uf prawticuljjardcning uticnucd with luccefs. 

Among 



No. f)t» 



MORA r.. Afc. 



4t 



Aiiiiiii|S lil(* <^lit|iliiyiiiriil& riiiultlci InultldKr. ( 'ii rin Ima 
tititlilcl ul'-tl ili0 liijiriiiilrttili'iti r tJ ii ^'iifli ii ll ii •|iiiii'ii 
Hi* yj^'til r ^|'|(|iiit IfJ iliitiiliil liiiily | iiiiil ila 1 ill .liti l|iili« Min 
til llldl klilil wtlltll |ili'4lfMviili«iill Viiili-lll iit'llittliili. Ills 
liriii ill Jul tidliit iiLC nil lircillJi, l» nil uiMn Kiiml ii nltiil lul 
iltl rtllriitiiiii hi it ill nii it|.*r wlu'ii iiiln iiili i> ^ ;tliiiiiiiil. 

J II ft Intuit r vrt y ilr(< ii|illuii nl llic Ii'iUq nl I In Idt ll*A, 
liti'iia lit it L'lililril drill In it-iif |i|i ilniiiiii.ilr-tl. '1 Itn 
Wiilit t'atMililr ltd ll 13 lyiitiii) iiititin Wllii }'i|l<irti , '1 liu 
In'iiU lit I'.lyliiiiii^ llldl (iti .1 ii^-iiiii 111 !>•"() , »iii 
iiiitiltirtl \*.iiti nil lli.ii liiiit|! ni.il Jiiii lull iiniiriv-i' hi lii^ 

lUll^'lllllll. .'•Klllll III tilt- llH'll J<|l illK}.' Jl.lil 1^1 I III 

Milliitli Air iIikK' III wliiiti lir |.,ii|. nil lllt^ liii|i|iV I'lllf 

• liuii^'iii ill I tillii-ulili|> llirll litilalnl filiiiiii.'. I'm !■■> liiHii 
Mlw:iy4 lii'i II ili'li^'lili it vviiii ill! Ill .linn 1 nl ii piiiiii ii, 
1. Ill (III ii |rji|i-|. III! i| iiy |iiiiii:i| ii.i |c|iii||ii^' 111 liitt 
I^Atilf^il. Vl'^'ll'a (fC'i^'iia |i|ii.r linil Lii ji iV iM-rll 

• nJilli'iilrJ Willi iMlul |i t lii'4 J llum^'li. In liii-* liilliiil< nt 
tii-i iriflrr^i Ui' Iiii3 linl iiMip,ni-il n !•< nli In ilii' liil')<<'( •'! 
a L*iiii(rn. (lui HUriillniit ui.itir it liu Uti>iy t I'Mla wilti 
nil liiftlaftr ttinl Imtiliiria Im u, lir m iin imi tiii)>|iy m iti 
'I 1m) AAJittVAlintJ (iclnn wllllli III' iliulril III llir li|t- 
|ii%vra« alliit'ilril liini^ i( n |iihl« liulr jilrrtliut- iii itic 
Mlilriii0 III l|iri'litlii|A. 'J hp Itiilli n« Im' HiuiIi llir rifi^ 
bcllitlllliciti ui Itia uitiUtiilo, M/iiii ll lltiiiiiil liuvi-- lirrti llm 
miillit lliriil III tila l|lr« iltr tiiiiiiil h nl ll i ulnl ilivflvnl 
hilliJkll ill lllill ll litilpa, liy ihif rkpiiii i a il iii i nliiiliril^ 
ii) liric/littily rm liJilnl iiftiitpiil rii|tiyiiir|it. 

ll itt lllif Inl 111 Irw. Ill I iitll|iiii iinli« III |*nltt (a lillllil- 
li.-'a lilir Ilia, riklrnlivr- ttml Itilln n nil v «^*ll u'lipK'l i>» 
I iiiiltiliila nil iilliitliK'iili »i liiiiii. i.iill ll IM I III! iiipiiMn 

III tu|i|iniiiii|* till c'^|ii-iiii 111 iiii If II III}.* ll III }£iiiiil I nil • 

illliuil. llill 111 hill ill* Mill lii}i|inli lli> y liitVi a|i|iiii 
|i|irtiril lUi- |il> itiiiir I 111 ll ^•aiili II. '1 lii |m lli llm nl itii 
(Ii II*, III a liiiulli I I'liili'iii, may iiiink iiiiiil jilialiin, 
Imifi nlilri viii^* iJn |iin^Mi-l9 nl vr ^'i litlnMi, t vi ii in a 
|ilanli4l iiiti 111 I 111 111 (I I y |iliiiii.->. :\ i-i i y iiinin ■! 1 1 (i>'l }'Mi 
nri I V al(i liili'il In^ Will liii iiilti iiii )'l> • iit|il>i v inuiil li'i :Ul 
niiliviilllttl. Ntil li'l ll l>i lltiii4'lit a lilt iiii I >iii , Im ilit-< 
Idliii- lidllil llldl lailfil llii •••l:ii. liiiiiiiil lli>: li\llii]> I'll 
llii ivdll. I'. VI 11 llir. iii>luiii|, I iilin lili ll liijilv 1"' ii'l 
Valilfi|;t:| r\luliUc luiiilLic-) iiin ii^iiiilli >l in iht l)ti ulil<i i y « 

\\v\V 



4S R S S A Y S, No. 92. 

nor can ihr p^cn-houfc produce an appearance to ex- 
ceed the bloAbm of the apple and the almond. 

Amiifcment reigns, fays I)r Young, man's p»*at 
demand. Happy ii^*ere it, if the amufement of ma- 
naging a garden were more generally rcIilhcJ. h wouM 
furely be more conducive to health, and the preTcrva- 
lion of our faculties to extreme old ace, were that tine, 
which is now devoted to the dice and to the card-table, 
ipent ill the open air, and in a^live employment. 



•WiiMM^ 



No. XCII. ON THE CRAVE AND GAV SPECIES 

OF PHILOSOPHY* 



THE world has ever been view*ed, by men of difl«r* 
ent diipofutons, in a light totalljr difiertnt. Tli« 
ihoiightful and melancholy have repreiented it as a vale 
•f mifery ; the My and the volatile, at a theatre aboand- 
log with deliffhttul entertain men ts» if the fpecUtort 
are but in good humour. The whole difit*rence, indetd» 
i( hu been faid, ariiet from the various ilate of ike 
minds of men, and not from any incon:'flent divertity 
in the conrti^ucion of things. It would therefore feenn- 
probable, that the greater part would embrace the more 
agreeable fiie, from motives of felf-intered and gratifi* 
cation. But the truth is, there are almolla^ many fol- 
lowers of Heraclitus as of Democritus. 

That there is an eUcntial difference in the origuM) 
form of minds, there is no doubt ; and to this caa(eJs 
to be attributed, that fonie are gloomy, others cheer- 
fol. But habit is often no lefs concerned than natiUie. 
For it is remarkable that, among moral wtiter^, cha(e 
who have enjoyed wealth and the company of the great ; 
and who consequently partook of various plcal'ure$, 
Kave commonly chofen tnc comfortable kind of phih>- 
fophy ; w'hile they who wrre opprelTed by want, and 
excluded from enjoyment, have no lefs naturally repre- 
ienccd life, fuch as they found it, as a (late of rnifery^ 
interrupted only by fhort-lived and unfubilaotial gratia* 
cations* 

Th« 



Nn. Of. M (1 R A Ti, Ar. 4f 



ffvntr^il in Hnuliitid. TlieiP nif* f*'w ttnoli^ ilint plfpfi* 
iiim*» j»'i"'iqlly (Iimii tbr Nij»lif 'rimnpjitq f»f Vntiii|i. 
l-fprvry'n MrHMntinii* aip timtp rrnjHriitly rpml ili;ui 
rrifiMV WMi|r« of liiiitinrif, niid lliiiivrtit*o riltfiini*^ I'im- 
jjf p(q liflo jMvrn flq niiM li pirnliir" hiiimii^ llip r.ii|r]j||i viil 
l^rtt fm {]w (jiijvntp n( ( iivniMrq, 

Mill nut- iiH-rrfift* id wrnlili, (tii<l rnir )mit:itii>n r>f 
rirnihniid AHftlir- tnntittpra, linvr virnlly nltrml niir tia- 
tiirfit ililpMritifiti. We If^;!!! \n rrlilli nniif* Imi iIh* \tiyrr 
kind (d tdiiliHii|diyi llnrncf' wiitil>l pt |*i*T(*tft In* iiinti* 
tf>»d (linn |nvrii;di nnd l.nridn ilmn Sr-nrrM. 

r.vrrv ndniirci' id di^inihrd dii'li'Mi Mtid (d f<did ivuln 
m\ii\ Im> i1nli(i)iird with ilir K;imid<>i ; Mud \v\ it lid* l«rpii 
fiiiiJ, iliflt tin* Wnrltl. niid oilirt lrf« dilid pfi hirmant r^v 
ntf! nnw nioir nnivfif.dlv Mml And n\*yf*vpi\^ nt Irnfl in 
thi* prditpr rirrlr^. it niidi ind'td hr i nhfrflrd* tfifit tiC' 
ridf*» (urni* fififMntiiitm wiiti li jiiflly ^rivp (dr**tiif*, llinfr* 
i>iicf*t)ptit pnpf r« indiKr n nirliitit hidy liy no ntrnn^ mm. 
pntiltif* with nn nHivr nr n plf'^(urMhl(* lif'*. 'I'hry in- 
rpirf* ylriufxi* ipniimrnM. JMit thiy ilp)trpf« tlndp rpirits 
WHlch fl»r nnrfJInrv tt» |«iH lln'ni in pui^Hrr. I vpurrnfn 
ihf* fil«l p^'> of th' ih jnllly iflrliiRt'd ftutliDri 1 ntltniti* 
kid l^tpiit f wrtiimq I nnd tvlipn J nllirt. ilini liip ifliMimy 
fmittlpitr td* (nni«* nninnj; tii* nifnnl wtiiiitj^q iinnrnnni* 
intpft A rympHthrtn niplpnchnly fn llir rFfliipr*q ttiihdi I 
l*y no mpnn4 ilptr^n finni hi^ liipinry linnnnta. 

'Dip |dittn(ii}diy id K|iiriirM« \i in finnr dr^f^r qrinp(. 
#tl hy tliP giPfllPf p^rl, inrjil nf wlinni i mlirjir^ iii« tfiirr«i 
without hiivin^ hpuril nl hii nnmp. 'IIm* iMiih io. hnmntt 
■sturp i« imliirnlly inrliiifd tn |tiirhir pN^nfiim, nnd iii 
ivnid nil thnt hnq ihp niippfirnnrp nf wintrtipdn»-f<; nml 
Wnp. P.vpn tlipy whu ilpvntp th'^ml'dvm in nudiini Inil/ 
And II i^lfinniy plpplnti* in it i n plr;i(iiM> linrrrly tv. 
rneniy.rd liy thp ^ny aihI liiitiirinno, hut yrt ipp( nw\ 
fn\tthf\vry. 

TtlP (f'Vnrr pliilnliiphy. tlmn^h I* f<) n^trrntilr to thr* 

tfnypf rntiki, in tlip ninip IfiviMiinldM m vnini'. K« hm a 

iind Antnniniii nrp l^'Vi tn tnr>tHli(U. TIh'v fxhiltii li(*> 

In i(4 lr(4 plpflfin^ nfpn'jq, mid p^aM itiitiro nnt to Ivp pM 

fuiiucd without |yflinliil ellutt9. llui ihry <a1I Intth ili» 



44 ESSAYS* Mb. 9S* 

latent powers of the mind, and by requiring tn e>eertion 
beyond the natural (Irength, really compel it to eiFef^ all 
that it is able. Indolence preveata men in general from 
efFeding all that they are able. The pleafurablc fyftem 
diH'uades thrm from the attempt. And if there were 
net fomc aullcre iullrudurs, and Tome faithful follower* 
of them, there would not be a^ive virtue enough in • 
community to preferve its political exigence. 

In the earlier periods of fociriy the grave philofoph/ 
IS moil cultivated. For then virtuous exertions are moft 
neceilary, and luxurious indulgences precluded. Sue- 
cefs, and increnfc in wealth and glory, are the ufual 
coiifequcncc. Luxury fucceeds in a courfe as certain in 
all its Itagcs as any phyfical progrefs* A tafte for a light, 
cheerful, fanciful philofophy^ fo(m explodes the fuileir 
precepts of rigid moralif^s. Manners are relaxed, and 
aaturally bring on a declenlton of empire. At leafi ailr 
regard for liberty is loft; and the mind, enervated wiiik 
pleafiirr» eladly iinks in the repofe of deipotifm. 

It is evident that in our own country, the (evererphi* 
lofophy lofcs ground. This, among many others, ii • 
iymptom of corruption, and the harbinger of decay. Al^ 
imitation of French manners has greatly accelerated thi* 
levolution in our fentiments. And, after all, it is a forced 
and unnatural change ; for an £ngli{hman, whether from 
the influence of climate, orfome caufe inherent in hta 
ODoIlitution, is by nature grave, and difpofed to admit. 
manly thoughts, and to pradife manly anions. 

The influence of books on the national manners in a 
community, of which almoft every member drvotcs Tome 
part of his time to reading, muii be important. And 
among other methods which might be ui'ed to excite the 
fpirit of pntriotifm and political virtue, it might be pro* 
per torrft(Te a tnlte forfolid and fevrro morality, and to 
explode thofe light, fuperflcial, rrntiincntal, and nifcd^ed 
productions, which, while they plcal'c the lickly mind» 
cncrcal'c iti» imbecility •. 



No« XCIIL 



NiJ. ijft 



M O U A U Ai. 



4S 



■■« 



No, XCllI. ON MONtiMUNlAK IN^UUil'- 

'M()N*i. 



•p*" 



--r 



» ■■ 



IT w«« llir ruiiy Willi nl' ri>|i0. llial. wlini lir •! i-J. 
Illil m ilnlM' litl};lil nil tvliiH If Irt)', li la II vv I III 
llmi will 1 tMttitM'iily lin I'liiiittil s%itli li liiilnnt r, \ Un 
llllri'iiiiii ol (liolr \\ltiiili wr li «vi iiijiniii lu, i-. a\ a lnh 
Jul iiiriliiiil» li* •lil|>li>v Mj «i%iiiiii-it liilii iiuilr^ ml li-i li« 
liHilMUhiiti intilri litiiiMV iii lining l> 11111111 in ill iliti 
|rMirtlii«i IC U iiitluiiil tliftl li.i.il jt|i i\ , |ictii'iil I Iriiitri. 
Iti*la« tiinl M»i|ii).* ti liivr^ IhiMilil iiiitlkt Willi luitir tiiiiil 
•tirltlOilnli ll|(i I 111)' inl ||tiil wilt if lilt) liil til4 Ihll ffili-t* 
ml III itlii liiijiiiil, iiiiiii!ilti4 cii\ IV /\i)>l iliil (iiji till It ytt 

111! Irtillii't, wImi imiM iiMltiii r Uiitj III ii'i Ml •imp ihit 
Viltura ill llitj ill |i;iiii'il« iiilt'^i Anitl (II Viiiill)' ullisii Iraill 
III Ati r^iclq jMitliiliy liiiiii mil .• 

A Itmiltlt^ itiiiiiiiliirlif , t^illi ittt lltii M|iliiiii )iial|>«lily 
Iftlfp ttltil liilll liluUliv |>i>lli)imi-i« le Irtt iiiiiir iilliiiluit 
III <i»io tallr, llinii tlir wmnli it iiiiiniHirtl nl ilir iiilln', 
t».lll)>ltif •! Willi imiiilril tiiiitra, (tml ili t In •! ntn m|| 
^Irnlli'd In -1 I III iiil 1I111 i mIihii n mI ilii' imiilmiv, | i-ir 
|q -tit llrfJiuil* rthil rt 1 lallii al fiiiiplii ii y 111 llip Iml 
llml linfi|i III itiniiM wtili It lovi'ia lli<- |>iimi nitnt'q i- 'iii*. 
llllitlt?l> il Ima Itiitlilli^' I'l ilrh-liit It hnltl llir iiiliiiit ill 
|)li* htiiiiil l>iit It III iiiiMi-, 'I'lin jiinitinli*- lltiii frinwa 
MtilMi |l U (t lirlli'i III iitiinritlj lliaii tin' j'llili il In a i>ii iltii 
«i|ilitrlliM 'q (iinlilliinri, 

riti: |i|i>!litll(iiilt III jilailr m iii)iitiiiln in VIKiir. 'I'liitl 
illKttJtml y Illi'- I IM ill' tlll| wliii II iMiiliil. Ill 1 iriin III 
lllHIlt- 111 ••III VVi'llll illllllllill III llir III ill: •<' i>i|ii|9, 
|tiMitj-ll tl 13 ill Ijillc'l I'V 'til' Irvi'li ir.tliHiri, I. da 1 mil 
jiiMiiiy liirn rtli iiil>iilii>ital iiii'iii> Im § ■•iiinn in ilip 
imlilril l|i|lilq tUtt liitv ili|; .nln •! Iiuuiiiii n ■ •• . |lu| 

«\ In II \\n |r«' lir (lii>iir>l jiuiii^Miii iii)'itvrii un lUr: 
llirtll'li' tliMl Mil liiii'i tin' Mitiiiiii) I'i llii \-. ••illtl I:. \\ t', 
iii'l|iilr iliis i-uli'L mill ill It iiiiiiKiii-l •!« IIP III 1 in>ii^;li In 
litfJluW UlirVil) (iitr liirtl will |-»t)' tin- lllttluii. '1 liii:> •llir. 

^•iiWwUvl 



ESSAYS, No. 95. 

powerful motive is loft, which might operate on the ge* 
serous in Simulating them t6 a worthy conduA. 

On the .tombilones of the truly great, it is certainlr 
j-ight that an infcription ihould be written confident witn 
their dignity. In order to be (Of it mud not he prolix* 
"When their names and aee make all the fepulchral hif- 
tory of diAinguifhed perfonages, it feems to be impliMi 
that the reft is fufficiently known ; but when the marble 
jimbitioufly enlarges on their excellence, it argaet that 
the world wants the information, it is better that the 
paflbnger, when he {et9 an eminent name, flionld reccrf* 
it6\, while he drikes his penfive bofom, the virtues of its 
'Owner, than that his remarks ihould be anticipated hj 
an obtruding narrative. 

The ilyle of epitaphs ufually adopted has been too 
•difFufe. The noole ancients, thofe patterns of onaf* 
fcilcd magnificence, confulted real dignity in the brt* 
vity of their epitaphs. As an hiAorical monument, at 
an age when printing was unknown, they fometimet 
rcngraved the exploits of a warrior on the marble ; bat 
in general they recorded litdc more than the name of 
the departed. The Grecian mufe fometimes poured 
the fweet melody of verfe at the ihrine of a poet or 
hero ; but /he never conde fccnJcd to mean flattery^ 
'nor difplaycd the bloated oAentation of a modern pa« 
negyric. 

There arc many excellent epitaphs in the Engliffi 
language, both in verfe and profc. In the diffufe kind, 
that on the infamous Chartres is a fine model. Weil* 
minder Abbey exhibits many infcriptions written with 
manly, forcible, and energetic elegance. The great 
fault has been, a redundance of epithets in the (uper* 
iative degree. 

Wc have alfo many fine poetical epitaphs. Thoic 
of Drydcn and Pope arc the moft dcfervcdly celebrated ; 
though thofc of Pope have been fcverely criticifed. In 
general, the metrical are inferior to the profaic. Some 
of the bcfl are crowded with antithefes, a fault which 
renders them inferior to the (vrccian ; and feme of the 
worfl, many of which are found in the i;nod public 
cemeteries, (land forth a difgrace to national tafte. 

The 



Nn. g\» MORA L, SiC, ^j 

Tlip Icivr of rhyinr ilrfirtpU \n ilip liiwcfl r.ihkf. Tlii? 
p.itiili (Ink 'm nMtiitKMily ihIIi'iI ii}inii Inr ;i ll.ivr ni luit 
III veifrn, liy cvrry iiiIIh ili.ft (iiii nuU* n pi>ll mid ihiI 
In llir iiirmdiydf liiq rrlfitiini ; nml tlirrrmr Irw ( luin h 
yiir'id in tltr liiiiiiiliitii, wlicir tli^l fiiviMiiiir II ni/,ii " Af- 
" ili^lioni Uirv liiii^ liiiir J Imir," miuMtini tiiuic tbiiii 

Mm nnr rpiupliA nic mull mmmniilv wtitlni in Iiiiiiri ; 
proliiiMy lif*(Hii(r it in ititrlliuililr ti» fttivi^iiriq, tiiul ii 
C'f1pnt1l^ of iiKiir rlr^niHr nnJ rlrviiiinn. Oiii iniintry 
hii4 nMHlucril iiiniiy wiilrM iritiHiLililr for ltc:iiilifu] 
Intihiiy: nccnniiiitf ly wr hii'l iiili ii|tii(tt)4 inrvriv jiniL 
of till* ktii|nlntii nlMMtiiiliM}; with (iHllitnl rKpirllintiJi. 
'ritr miifnitiiiic hn^ hrni, tlt:i( iiintiy ni tlirm linvr rn- 
croAchril on tlir t)ioviiiic of liiiigMpliy ; ;iii<l reHJ lii^ • 
ntty lin^ hmi )"(l in ilir ni\'»'i\n\uiu ni K* in ;i tr*ilii)ui 
nn'l t irruinltrtntml lirliiil of ilrdriit*, (tnli^irr^, nml rr- 
Iniinnlliip. Tlir irndrr ii tiinl, imldrr lif li.n nhtninnl 
a clrtir idrit of llirdisinu'irt iind liimily dclinh il. Ilt^ 
Cyr9 hnvf* Tiiilr^d, rvrn «f liii titliMithMi pfMlrvrird. Tjin 
rniiHph on the pious Nclfoii, for inlUnir. foii'ifli of 
abnvr ri^lity linm. 

*V\\v piinnin|r and rpi^rnnituMtic rpitnpli vm niiii fi 
in fAfldnn n renhfry or two niro. Thnt on f;iir Unl,i. 
tnnnil itt (iodllow nii|'Jit inirlv linvr hrrn i('|drir< with 
the tendrrrf) frntinirnu Init ii jq niri<-ly » wrrtch'd di- 
Ittch of pun') ntid nimikilh iliynir". Tlii^ Ipnir^ ii At 
prrfrnt (piilr rxplodrd, nnd littlr nrnl hr l;iid to ptovf* 
iln grrnl iiitpnipiifr/. I'lild* wit i^ nivviiyft mif}d.t(i-il j 
liut thr trur d'cniA to tir rxilndrd fioni thn i*|iii:ipli» 
Who rnn itrar nirrtiinrni or hiiflMOnrry on n loMilt- 
finnr f "VUr irndrr «nd rIr;M;i'-, or tli'' iniinly iiiid Ir 
vrrr llylr, (rrni^ lo lir lifll nd;Mitrd to tin* inonnnirntlil 
hifirtption. liiti m-itliri ijir pHi)i''ti( iioi (wldiin'* ia < nni 
pfliildc vviili ihr liidii miin. 

Thr nnthori <d om rpitapiii nrr dldoFM I n»'\"ii. ( )nr« 
nf thr ii^ll tliiit 1 I ;iii m iilji i't« wjit thr i-l.illii .il ll"niiir. 
Tilt* frw hr liMi Irli im inn ni ilN't pit-' • n 'I ti;ii in 
Wr|||iiinlli:r Aldny, on |)i( l-.i-njon the ;ii( Inin'l, i<: iiiily 
fiihlinir. 

Jii inir ifliind ihnr hnn rritflinly ln-i n no di irih nf yr- 
nius fur lilonumGnUl inr(ii)>tinn.s ; lli()U);li ilinr i'l mip 

vUvwwUVmwo 



E S 8 A Y fy N#.94. 

<ircumftince which might indoee « forrigner to cbfaik 
the contrary. The famoui Durchefs of Marlbo ongh u 
faid to have ofFcred, withoot fuccers, ive hundred poundt 
•for an epitaph adequate to the dignity of her Duke. 
Her grace, whofe tafte wai not very juft, would probablf 
'have expcded a hiftory long enough to cover with in* 
fcripcion the unwieldy pile of flones called BlenheioN 
lioufe. I cannot help thinking, that a tedioui epitapk* 
tninurely relating his atchievenients, would rather hmn. 
than exalt him in the eyes of mankind. Would not 
Alexander the Great have appeared rather beneath the 
dignity of that name, if it iiad been written on his 
tomb, that the Ton of Philip wai reputed to have beeiit 
in hill day, the w'lied f;r*ncral, the boldcll hero, the moft 
flccomphlhrd man, with a hundred other attribute!? 
Would he have excited much admiration, if he had been 
handed down to U0, merely in an epitaph abounding 
with thofe inflated Aiprrlativcs, which gothic ideal of 
grandeur have now introduced ? It might have ferved 
ai a complimentary epitaph on an Alderman, who died 
of repletion ; and would perhaps have l>ornefome ant* 
1o^7 to him iathecircumltance of unnatural tumour* 



No. XCIV. CURSORY THOUGHTS OW 

filOCRAPHV. 



\ MONG the many arguments advanced to recom* 
Jtx, mend ih.- lludy of hillory, it ha'; b':cn faid, that 
ft tcncht.1 wifdom without the dan^^^T of cxprrir nee, and» 
by pointin[^ out the paths of thole who have gone ticfore 
U!i, faciliiatct thcjournr-y of life. IliHory has been call- 
rd phiiofophy tcachin;; hy rxamplivi. Hut, after all, it 
muil he allowed, that civil hilhiry at large in Icfs capable 
of rrgulatin^ moral than prilitical conduct. The de» 
fcription^ of battlf";, the accoiiiith of dchatri, the ch4« 
radlcrt of kin^^i and heroes, contain vtry little that can 
dirrft the a^ioniii of the private and the more numerous 
raiiktin the community* 

BuC 



No. 94* MORA L, lie, 4f 

Buciinexa£tand tutlienticarcoiintcif inJivIJu:ili| who 
iiAve grctttly exctlUd in any ot the iii*|>airni'rnra ofa^livo 
or concern pltcive liiV, feeinb to be a inoile nf inllru^tiun 
bell fuiced to an animal, like man, prone to imitatioiu 
When a Tingle character is dilUm'lly ilcliiicatnl, we laii 
purfue the outline, with an Piife r()u.il t*) ili.u v\i:h whicli 
the painter copieu from thc^ original iiiiluic placed \u't\)r6 
hit ryet. We have the ex))r/h auilxirity of iht* p.itKMii 
wehavechofen to dirctt n.i in fvrrv i'mri«»c*nr/, aiid iMit 
treadi with implicit rLiiti'idriKt*,iii iUe. ii.otlliiti oi ih • muil 
diltinguilhed men, without i\\r \\ii\n^\\Cf at' dc-lihr^ruti* lc> 
lection. It i«a rcuiaik of Ariltuilc, ih :t tlu* llury uf an 
Individual, as it U a iiii^;le ohji-^l, ib i'>U:)|iri'h('iiiliHl ninri; 
iuilyi and therefore aiceiulcil to with pif-.itiM' plraTiiir'. 
than a hillory in whiih muny jierlouay't--) are inutjdtiiVii. 

For iheie reafonit, l»iojrr.iphy uppt?»ri lo Iji* more ia- 
ftrudive than civil hillory, thou^li it ha:> cuniinnnly heeit 
written with a Ie(ti decree of iUicntitn. l!r'in.lotii:i is 
all fweetnefa. Thui*ydide»exhil)it!i the fulid and auilero 
beautied. Xenophon, the Atiic hee, pir^fcnib ti*. wiiU n 
Jlyle flowing with honey. Livy dil'idny'i n moil muilrr^ 
ly compoiition, and paintH in ^'lovviu}^ coIomi.'> all thac 
he relaiei. Salluil rivaU hi« (ircil-in m.-riT; (iiiirrjar- 
din and Vertot have rshihited in their \vriiiii}>u /iiinc of 
the genuine graccN di the* Jiillurii' uiuf*?. Hut anionjr 
tiographerfe, icari:rly any can jullly chiiin a laul. wiiii 
the liift writers of the ^»o!den ai;i*. 

As a diligent collrClor ol fai*i-, as a v/ irui frlen*! m 
virtue, au an entertaiiiiu^ narrator, 1 vrncratr the naiiio 
of IMucarch. Hih wriiin^»i bear evident marks (.| i*>iitn- 
five reading, and comnunncate much uud miihif.irK.iii 
knowledge. 'I'heoilorc (la/a h.ii laid, th.it it ;tli bonks 
were loA, and he ml^Htt recov r one, it (houI>l bi- I'luciu b. 
He 16 indeed uu iuvaluabb* triMbiie orami' lu liainiii''^ ; 
for he fele«^ted palfa)'/.') from bdoki imw toi.ill/ bill, auit 
iiiferied them very liberally in Id-, vvorki. A-IJ t) ihi,, 
that he is an ahnir.tbbr moralilL. ihu hi-^ juil^'nuMit 
fcenib ni)t to have been alu'ay-. lliuiip, fiinuf*!) tn ui.iimi'R 
the unwieldy mafs of'Irarniup; he havl airruibb-.l. ih; 
indulged the wakell fu;>(MHiliijii. lie i.^ ever relatinpr 
llorirti, which Horace tall.i anii.iij, (»r tiir talr-j of old 
wonicn. Merely for uu uilciii>iiiou:i difplay of ciudiLlcn, 

Vol, II, 1) K^ 



$o ESSAYS. No. 94. 

he digrtfTirs beyond all rearor.jb!; limiti. Hii id?a cf 
drauir.r; pAni!!c!s was excellent; and he hn iVmeuoBci 
drawn them admirably, though, sa ihe crisic^ fsy, roc 
withou: a piriialiry :o h'u own cour.crvmsr.. 'i'cay hare 
cODvkled him cf chU LnphuofophicAl a:uc>.z\est in che 
com pa; i fun between Tu:!y and Demo!:hei::rj, L'lco isd 
Ar:tUdei» S^liaand L'.Ur.Jer, Ni^rcellui ar.d PeFooLJu. 

Thev who arewill'r. » to allow him e%erv o:iir meri:. 
give up hia i:yie zi ha.ih and ir.el*^ar.:. 1 hough cer- 
c^iniy an ui'eful, he cannot be e>.remed a tir.e wri:er; 
and wha:fvcr mcri: h; poueiTes hit in:uncedoes not re- 
fate the 2!r;r(icn, thit biographical hai nevfr yet eqaal« 
led civil LI:lorv. 

The long and diffufe accounti of P!u:?.rch have beea 
compared to cIcilUl ilat.r«; the cor.zli: Kii^orie* of 
Cernclldi Nepcj, to medal L i\5. Ccrr.eliji Nepoa haj 
z claim frcai :r!c .'^ge he f!our.!hed in, from hii Urtguigr, 
and from his nJcli:j. , to :>.:; rank cf a c!j.fiic ; but by co 
means to the i.:L\ ra..!-;. It U lufpedcd L> mmy, that 
Si Trcgui w^ ep:!:.r.i".j!ed by Juiiin, 10 N;p:-3 wai aS 
brevia'.rd by awrlier, who riouriili^d under 1 heodocn 

1 • U. •• • " ' V P r I ' ■ ' ■ ■ »• • V. »■ 1 I ' • .■ » r' ™ ^ 1 . ■ . -. - - n > I « • ..4 

I J ■ I • • ■ 

I.ri •.. »^f i»" *'■•?■■ *»'f"rr 'i. ''*i.""'i- '■•■A'""-*' -If* 

£1 * J *' ■ • 

Dl ■.•0^j> 1 ^» .."T-'-* -11. •■••■•■> «I-»V-»' ./IK ? J « 

p!iji :n^::. .1:/. 'i .';r Ii\ci o: :!.: •.*;:.-.: rr.r:; v. l^om : i* 
w^rli e,c: y: 'uvtvi, it v--.-!I v..-.::'".. * :j!i hn* :«.'.*.": 

1% • • • t ■ « 

■ 1 ■ ♦ 1 ' T» ■ ■ I " • 

^. «, ^. ^. .» '^ •*!•«* •-(■•«»«i .•■*«^ ■■■■ •^• i*b« *«^£ .fv 

« 
• ■ 1 I » * t 

■ • ■ - 

I ■ • ■ • 

1 ■ - ■ I I ■ • 

. -■ •:.■..::. Mj..!.*: 5 i-::c c: Baco.i is a 



1. 



1 . • 



u..:\-' iw ::.i r.-il^uv ^.•-, a^ they er.iblc hiux ;o form a 

mere 



No. 94* M O R A L. Ac. gi 

more cnniplece iilc*a of human iiaiiiro in all tlin jiiaiU 
lionfi ot tlrkcur^raLy a ml jiciiui^tiiiii. 'J'Jit'y un* iillu id- 
lerably- well wiittL-ii. dmilie, iirivtuia, limjtlr, ihcy 
pleali;; by tlieir peiriiiciiityj aiul tlirir lidcfiluiii liuniuu) 
Litioiiii urnanifiic. 'I'd ilu; linutuir of ilirir auiluir it 
mull tm liaidj ihac lie appeaiti lo have aitvaiueil iiutliiiig 
through llaiiery or rereniiueiii, nor u» luve rii|i|irc<lirj 
any thing throitgh i'tiur, hui to have pdhl an unilauiiieii 
rtfganl tu veracity. KrainiUb nhli-ivca, iliai he wrote ab 
iVeely ab the enipcrorii whom lie ilcliriliril lui] 11 veil. 

h ib matter ot' iiirprife an>l rrgirr, iliui we have not 
more biograplierb, ^'houlanili} uml ifua t^t ilioniunilbp 
eiiiiiteiit in every accomplillinicni, i^lmit* t'xani)ilrb ntiglic 
have inllrn^teil liit^ wuiUl, are Ijciiiini' aa ilKiij^h liiry 
had never been. In (uirown innntiy, ii i« (rut; that therit 
areuiuny bingraphical ciHiipilaiiDiib, Inn iltry uvc lur the 

UioH nart illCinnjiUlr'. VVuud'a AlUriLt:, tliiiU;fli a bouk 

that dot!) InmiiUr to llie moil rrji-lnaii^l uni\crfity, Uun 
no uierii Hb an i^lc^ant tonipoliiitm. liui J mult not 
omit tiie tribnir^ of jiiuifc^ lu ilic wiiur ol tli.': Iilr ut 
L'iceni i who Inii j^iv^'n u:i a moll ai^uraiir ni- imhu nt' 
one of the |M'i'.tt>-jt iii,:ii ihHi rvi r lii'l, in all)!, iiiily 
(lailical anil niiiuly. The |nibIiL i^ allu luilibiiil h» tltn 
amhur ui llu' I'iunbli'r Inr many hMl(>-il ' lucirM d liii. 
(^r(t]ilty. 111.} pDriiiiUb wouM In* in'i'- nuivi-iialt) »iiiii 
pLTinanr'nil)' jili .ilnij/, il hf huil lUii tm* iflirn in IuI^m-iI 
Ilia r)i|erii, and lonvriinl il hurlhiit-l> ol I.miiiu: hiio uIi- 
lulute rai it'itliiir. 1 nevci i miM ailjniii iiiliii (lit wnl- 
iiip^b or till' life id llli^ cllit'l itlijVcl lit lii.j \*a^\tyy^^^. ^ ijir. 
uuluMnnaie 'i.iva^'e. 

Wiiith i^ ul'ini niiknown, (n* Iviinvvii Hiip> rlu'll) « till 
after death ; till tliai pruu'l, wlit^n it ib Idu lau: in Ir.iru 
|i4rtiLiil.ir cirintiiiUii' I'a wiili av.*> uuii-y. Ilcnir ji ji.o 

li.i|'l)f iit^tl ihll tiliiii/ (if mil It' iitid l.ili^ iiUlltiii.-) iiihl 
bi'lttl'] lit rVi'iy i|>i]'..l i I'M i>l i-i llli.', llt<ili;'ll 111 Illy ilr ■ 

!• I viii|4 a ji! n I' lu I It' :i ill .ill I'l i III ■', ill <' I • I ill it> 1 1 liuly 

111 llltjif VijliliiU'a, Vv'lii'li II) III. liMiii itiid till, U3 I'tijK- 

1.1- -N, ni.il'i-t. ull I III- liilltii .'. 

'i Ii ^tli.iil\/C (liiir O.Vli .ii'lliiin Imiiii iiiijiv-iiili and Jliil* 
ri-|irririiliition} l<Wne vVnli^ li.iVi- Ik -11 llirii- o.vii lij>i> 
^Mtjihcib. Tiit L.ilk ic'i'tiifi i-MCut dtliLaiy, 'i'lu- vciy 

U 2 ailniiM 



fi E S « A Y f, N«. 

Mtiempi indeed imp)\e9 a eonfaUrMe iefg^ree of t 
irAlMf^ btit if hft» briffl jttfliAed by tli« e^oiMflf* 

Tbcfiif bfti^ nppenrei in our timr^ fttid cryuttify n i 
grnphktt] work on nn entanh^e phn. The firft eii'ti 
iff the U\o^f»phin ntUnnnknwn^ writ iirft^t^gdf yet i 
eciunUy, nndf upon the whoW, int^Wctemly exf.ati 
Wnnydidin^nifheJi )ive# ttta wimiy omHied ^ mnny fWh 
nte intigniPkmff %ei\imiAy dektihrd, Thotigli then 
hmeiime» tnarh hhmif #ti4 fti^m'ny enetied^ y«t ch 
ure frw ftt*iftiffl^ rfrmafk*, M«ft «/ tbir ArtHlei» # 
futtiiihed by wrft«rf» f>f m/ pt*ht rf |7tit0 ^ ftnil ihrrr i 
evrfv ffftAw for tb« n'rw rdftmn n^w finHfftftkfn# J 
iftjght pr^Aime f« Aiggcft ftit unptovrmentf I wc^ 
fidtiAr, tb/tt e^f^nnih €t}fttttved he^dfi Ofoubl bff p 
fined Ui evtity lifr, whenr^rf they rflw b«r |yroctfr^d i i 
ihni tb<9 mft(€rfM)9 (\tfwU\ not he uAie^U'd fram htn 
tthiyf btit fww fhr itnfhUfynnfy trpottfif nnd ib«f WHi 
ftript Utierfi ftnttmnft hi ihe intiMcd of deftendnt 
1 he f>;4mc.9 of (be; t^^i^jK pfrrrvfi^ wbo e«/mfniifiirA(€r i 
hitiftt (\tfytM he ndiied, hifih to kcu$e nnd to €tm6 
ihf if PtiiihenU' \\*f , 

th^ rmb^IliOiiwrit of j'lft»r<} i<; not «/J*»j,fr/|, y^f f^ip 

riiUrlv, ib/it of /oH^^hnfr wm^Mi^U ^lom u^i/Jif m>w; 

I'^ftrnfl iir*4 ftf 'ir/^r p'\\\Of i<j iri |*//f/« (l»or» o^ a ^fi 
fn>mbpr <^f ^fp'-rfb?*^^ o^ tKic kihlj >i'f{J ih'-rff r^ ftir< 
yrafofl fO b*'lifVf, fb;ir, iin^JT hi* M/ri'l«f^t, ibe w< 



No. XC 



Ko. 95. MORAL, &c. 55 



•^^IWi^^PM^ ^b«>*»^<»i 



No, XCV. ON iiosiMTAi.rrv, and the 

CIVIMTIES OF COMMON MIK. 



IN llir driyi of Horner, our rountrymcn wfrr rrputctl 
to he fi'.va^jc in llicir behaviour to (Irani^rri. 'rhoin»Ii 
in the prrfcni aj^f thr charj»r woul.l W". utijull, yn it muil 
be ownerd, that therein a icrftTvc in th* luaiitvr of an uii- 
Bilu Iterated )''.ii(>;li(hni:in, wliich li-('m:> tocoiUinn thr opi- 
Dfon, that he inhcrirr. a jmruon of tliat 1111(01 ial (piric 
which dii'^racrd his aut'cllors. liui whitrvrr may hr* liii 
natural pmp^ni'ity, it is ((rrtain, liint, in the libcial in- 
trrcourle and roiiijircheiirivc cducaiiuti which prevail in 
the profent liinrs, ilnif i.*. knirly any touiiiry in ihc 
world whcrt* a mop: cordial iiolpiiality ib diTplaycd, than 
in Tome parts of Kii;;laii(U 

The days of Eti/abeih havr been extolled as the day; 
•f genuine hor])italiiy. 'J'hr (l(.(js wrrr thrown oj>cn, 
tnd^ at the found of the diiin'M-licrll, hH the nri^^hboiir- 
ing country crowdrd totli*; Imokiti'.^ ta'olc. 'riicl-' viric: 
hippy times indecJ, (ays ih:' luilcr .•j'.ainll modern nrjhie- 
ment. Vet it has b( f.'n j iiily doibtcd, wheLht-r tliii in- 
dircrlniinaie !iofj)iiality un^ hmJablc. There* wa^ foiiK'- 
thing fteneroiib and nia;'nifiu-nt in ihe iilra, and it ;.',ive 
the nobles of thi* land Cut iufluencL- of kiii^>b over il)«-ir 
nciglibourhooil. Yet if lis noiivc and its tnor.il cfiriis 
are ionfilered, it will Rp|n*ar to be Juflly rx|diiv!(d it 
proceeded from the love of povvrr an 1 tu>ni ollitiCaiioii, 
and it produird gluttony, dtnr.k.cniu'ii, and all Uuir con- 
fcipient vice-.. 

ConddercJ ii\ a ch^nitablc llt'Iit, as airi)talin(> food to 
the huni>ry, it will bo found a Id. ideful t}\iu\r ili.in thi? 
tihjdmi inditutiou'* for the airouiplillnnrnt (d thatpnr- 
pric. It did not Iclc^l its nl'j"i't . : it confi'lereil not the 
ile^^rre:, of indi^rnie or of dcleii. The ( oMU*i|uriK'<' w.i., 
that il incrr.ifcd indigene e, and lefCenrd ilefnl ; tor expe- 
rience ha«« proved, that unnecelfoy :.lin.s, however Muiable 
the motive of tiiem, do a real injuiy witcic ihry mean ;i 



H ESSAYS. No. 05. 

benefit. Thrv n'omoic'Ullrni'r*, hv ir.ichinp povcty ta 
fc\\ on ochor aiJ Uun t!ic rtloic^ oi .\t\ honnl imUithv. 

I'ht iMcu r.i:mbcr ol hvnjits now i\^il>':,hcJ for ihc rc« 
\\'ptivMi I I'ti/vrlVrs in rvriv p.iri of ;' .» !.irj>U»m, and 
ihf c\jv^?itiouN I'lOilcs oMrAvriiinp. wiiix'h rrnucr ilcUy 
Mn>!rcc»r,i'\ . h ;vo cvn:!:l*r.:rJ to rclUiiiP i!uii p.cnml 
hv'.jMi..!iv\ u hiv h oprnr^i tiir i!oor to ul! who N.imr. Such 
lioTpiuiliiv is no KM'./.fr wuntrti ; but th.TC never H4« a 
time \\!\o:) jiKisxioi*» i':\iiliy, o(\:I) kin^U. %\s$ raorr lU 
br;<ili\ ihrwn to :lt :r.v-i> thin thrprvMcnt. AnJ whjit* 
cNci* tiK* o!\l Roman.'^ or (he mvHicrn Ci.iuli in.iy ati'crt of 
lUiitlh rVrooity ot in.innei*. no Italian or Kie»vh:iianol* 
ii:.-»r.u*trr r\er c.une to our iVpnratcu ihore. ;;?.'•• >. rr'^i 
r/'/v A*f.*i.; If ','.'*, \\iih»'i:{ h.»\injf I'elt \!elight at hi» hearty 
liC •; li^'M, AVxl KjTrt on ht» departure, 

ii uvnj> pio^.»Me th;;: holpitality keep* pace with cU 
vil;M;ion. A^ \hc w'w.dK of a people ate en l.ui«eJ bjf 
inp:»«\cnu:T;s i;: k:i/\v !c/i'.e, nnu commuoivAcion with 
liu:. ::.-»i*SSo;*'*. tho iVIiith anJ moroic dri'eCUoos cra« 
k;.'.\ I. »r i.r.':!i^»{. In !c\eial purts ot* I' nrope. where 
liM.,i in. i^joxenrni* have r.ot \ct rracheiK the t^^vciler is 
ri....'« v^:iuic!sJ .;s l^wtisl pte>, or lolal'v i!iiiei*..*.r JcJ« 
( :. vie i;hfr h vi!. we Hnl the native* ot the v^o/ie;v 
Jilis iVp.i;.ucvi ,i> I hey uir Ironi alt the ml ct" i!ie AOfU, 
ai'.J bv r.o nuMn-; !.:r lenuneJ liom tin* l.'.v i«;.e j*.;;r, rr« 
n^rk.ib'v hon^'LiMe, Thoueh teai niii^la i!i lontc v!e» 
p/«\- o,iuie their \'i\ llity to Kuiopeans, \ei it was not the 
lo!».* i"o;ive of ij ; f^r we ciul their \ o\sl o^rior^, aJt.-r aII 
app' '^rnlions wr:.» :rnu^\eJ, e^ivlenilv proor\,\:i»'.i\ iVvMn 
th.* \;!.i.'.eieil .;:"xl ;;:^ 't rcneii*r. atKclion, i^^ the firtl 
: ;' *'.-.i:ue Of iS:" i'n.'liih on ilu'lt OiM-.K, thr\ natuiallv 
ior'iLii-:.-*! ihr.?> .:< r:uMnie"«, M\d l»o!vil\ oppoloJ their 
ir\.tiv». M.M»\ K^t il'em r\!»:Mu*il acls o! hrunim, \t% 
i!'fc*ivi- i'[ :]\s:\ v\i:i^::v, iK.;!^'eS e\crri!.*»! in t!)eanr.'.!i 
o! .;• ii»]i:it. . Pi : I'o K\M er w.i^ ilie lM,;:"ii) of reave 
hrM* .!., l';.*i: tli^y irvt'i\^*J ihvi'" w^'p^/ri,:! \ i::;oi^ with 
01 ;"n .;;nu; with a h;:tr.anit\ t!\.;: !t:"..-x*tN i;iti;i;u • »»:» 
i*e n'.'iitime \ •i!..i'.r< o! I'Uiope. wh*rea !hipw!ivkc\l 
li-Ilv^w ^'traiitre, ;i'ut fellow counii\ :r. ii>, h.\> bren lie- 
♦'»i^\v',! f^r the i.:ke of p!un\leiin^.'. !ii> \e!a'I. \,\ other 
i !.:;\i?? \iikovere^l bvoiir cirv'umn.iv '.'..ror*. we rin,'. t.'iat 
no kindnei> lou^vl nnti^atc the i'eK\i.\ ol ihe ruJc ihiM 

of 



No. 9ji MO R A L« lrc« IS 

of nftturo. Th« hotytullty of barbiirUnii like all virtuf » 
tboi procitd not ftom nrinclplei but from humoiir mhJ 
•ccideiUAl (aufoif ia of Uula vkIuo. A cloArer light ihuti 
ibo ligbt of naiurt U nvcvfibry to give % ftcady opemiiuo 
to the foellnga of bumanityi 

The Idea which chriillanlty hai Aiggrlled of the rela- 
lion liv which all men Aand to each otheri in wondefrfnlly 
adapted to promote unlverfal hofpitality. V/\m\ we t cii- 
ftdei* all men ai brotberii we fliall naturally rcci'i\e the 
Aranger within our gatei with cordial kindnefii a« a re- 
Jfttlon whom we have never yet feen liefore, and to whutn 
we wilh to difphy fome fignal of our love. It ia in Jcc.l 
fftte* that many who are juftly eiloemed worthy prrfon.s 
do not reduce tbll generou* idea to practice i and ih;» 
leafon feema to be. that thoy fuffer tiie attarhmonth ( t' 
demefiic life, and the conne^tiona of confanguinity, ti 
eagroA the whole of their aftbAiona. Add lothU^ th. r 
the aAu^l exerclfe of beneficence requircii fonicthin,' 
which U lefa in our power than benevolencff. 

However JuA the complalnia of the mifery oriif^, >' i 
imtt occaflona for the difplay of benrficence and lilMi .n i 

2 do not often occur. But there ia an hourly ncdility 
r the little Icind oAict^i) of mutuiil civility. Ac the (humi 
time that they give plraiure to oihera, they add to uwv 
own happinefti and improvement. Habitual a^ti of kinti- 
aeft have a powerful cilVcit in (oftening the; heurr. An 
iatercourfe with polllhed and humane companyi u*mU to 
improve the difpoAiion, becaufe it requirea a cnnfurniity 
of mannerii A ad it is certaloi that a fenfe of daconnn, 
and of a proper external benaviouri will reilrain ihufe 
whofe natural temper would otherwiie break out in ai li- 
monioui and petulant converfationt Uven th^ aflWlu* 
tion of philanthropy will in time contribute to reMn lu 
The pleai'ure refulting fioniHU uAof kindncrb nannally 
fxciteia wilh t;orepi»a( ii i utul indeed iht) |>t*ii('rdl cllctMu 
which tho chara^\er of benovulmct* prcicurcb, i^ i'liliiticni 
to induce thufe to wifli for it, whuui^i only fium ihu meuu 
motivoN of Itflf'interrll. 

Aa we are placed in a world where natural evil uboun Jii, 
we ought to render it J'uppoitHble to enih mlu*r, ab fur at* 
human endeavoura can avail. All ihut caw mUl u Ivvcet 
ingredient to the bitter cup mud be iuiufcJ. Amid the 

D 4 mv\\uvwv.V^ 



S« ESSAYS, N». 5?- 

r\'Aii"i'^r nf t!.rirn«, every Hower tlut uill firfrj>/ ir«fl 
L'- <tj!i:y*"'! wirh taic. Hur neichTr pomp ft'.r power 
prT of f'.'-.rif'-lvc^ aM': lo Alleviate llic lo.vl ol life. i he 
J.' .It r'-q-.r;*--. to be foothca Ly fvfiify&'Ky. A tKouf^nd 
l.:ri- iii'T*'. !'>;.': ffr>m all arrurict u^ arc nrrrfTirv lo r-rr.- 

;♦ 'ii i'. '.!'«- ..'./I w!.m;; v/** ar*? ior.ne<:lt".l, ffiilU cur 
L'/l» in v-.iii (). .i'fif, 'if Lir.'!|-? ihfT fife of rv':cfi:rii«f.c» 

a*- '. if I*, i'l:' r'J-'-.v^jrt 'o f.ipf!r/fc it. Our fiiij'Ic en- 
i'i .•.',. ii\. *..'.:■ tt.:.\:.y :.;i i l"rtr.iffff?/r;' in *i iti*:»'r\. i.re 
I I. ;»|y iir.:u'' * ; :/^I. I*iM'i<i«:ri<.c li.i^. i;ik< :j <af »o ft- 
I : »r (iifil ifi'."f'.M:rfr v,h\i\i In uci'-iik.y to tur CAtiiKtt^'C 
I i f'st't^ IV, \,j re. Irrirj; ii lUz [^r rated fwc'-iri.cr cl Ku« 

lf!:ri I ^:. 

liy ttf't'j7f':\ :i*'«Tj'>Mi», we aie ena^)!*"! to h'-rome 

cJr«T«^ a |or,li j| :»ji*>robMion, arr rftrfi rai/.'ihl*: *,f ytv- 
ip" 'd y/t-\** r jil'ulurc lh:ih p'-cuinai/ bvirft*". Ci:i li*r- 
)*',//, '1 JiT iii'rc J..irtiti,/.ttioh of ibr flirl.i*. aji'l 
;.rr.uf*'ffi^r.f*. of oJ.'irf., ,t! ih" fairvr ujric »Km if /.'jiii^i 

c.'l' ! . ■-■. , ■. ',*'''i ;::» ;.it o> r':J f.'irrtai.:ry ; L^'-'^-jf* 

#':.rv, ,.'. ! 1 !,!,: ''»)'>■ iJ.'^fl Wllii.'lt ifi.'ll J.^-Iiio: ». A 

t: ' .. ly ■/■'.: in :^. i<,.i'ut'/ ho ;r, it oftCfi A {^rcutrr a^t cf 

it i^. r' :il!/ riiAttcr of furprijr, that thofc v. ho are clif- 
tiuy'i, ii.fi hy rank and Of'til^ncr, (houlJ cvrr be ur;- 
)iO;.ular I:i t'i'rir r.rij^hho'jrhooil. 'i1;«:y rnu/l Icnotv r;.c 
va'u'- of j.f.jiuJ. fi'v, ;r.d furtly f.otrtinf^ ii more eafijr 
cih'ain'-'J h;. ;i f«jj,r:ior. 'J fi'-ir r.oti' c < onfcr-i honour; 
ar.'J i''ir aji'ixiri;^ h'-Mt of f;.:»ri i-. al-.»/.iy*, tf'rlii'/t?"*! v/i'Ji 
<ii'*ini ii(,ri. A ;^f.:' io-i^ loo! from (h'-rii fiilfi.fr*, h ipf^i- 
iicf. on ih** lo**/*-! ranl^':. iJ.ii is ufu'iily }i:i»iocn*, th:.t 
an ^/vcf'Tov/M fifij rii:. .1 i^ r.f.f tiiT f.i . Miri'.i: of a i.'ij'n- 
l^'iUfif.;^ 'O'ifitry; arii it 1*. ii;:f'irfiir;:i*", th:? p':'!r or 
iri;'«lvcf."ri'"'* of'* f» r-pv";,! rrnj fir.rr. :-. .\\t:'' •!i" j" '.iii.:*: 
ijart of iriat.ir.;^ '.r/.T*. fi^-'ft^^y^ r.rr. •..;.'■•» ti,«-y in!;^'it do 
i( without if.Lc;ivc;.]c:.'.t to tjriiil '.!■.':*.. 



N'j. XCVI. 



No. g6. MORA L» Ac. f 7 



No. XCVI. OM THR Mr.RiT 01 ii.m/stmou* 

DfUTIt. 



TItERR ii fcflrcrlv nny truth of which tho world 
han been more rrrqurntly irtninHcd I7 the mo*- 
fflliftR, rhflfi the iinrcAfoniiHenrrM «f thiit venrration 
which M pnid to birth. TUrv have been told, th;it v\i^ 
tiie Alf)nif to true nobility ; but though thry linve nc^ 
knowlrd/r/d the nnerlion to be foundrd in rrflfoUi thry 
have coniiiHicd, with uniform pcrfrvrrAncr, in thr Tmno 
error. The luminoni ginry cd' an illultrioni nncrllor*. 
frnmi to hnve difl'nfrd a biillt«n(|r ovrr « l<»n^ linr of 
drfcendanti, (no opnque of thrmfrlvci 10 emu any ori- 
ginal irrArli;t(irit?R. 

Cfratitiidr, which firll mifr^ a brnrfnflor to a diflin- 
puifhcd t;ink in civil hDncMirxy \n willing to rfMitinnc ir» 
Icindnero to hii immrdiatc (<fltpriti^. Thf* diilin^Mon io 
rrndrrrij hrtrditiny. 'J*hiii pi'tlitrnion for nu ancrllor 
f(K)n Ira'lA to the aortimwlaiioti of honouin nnri jKdlrihnni 
in lii«» fuircniTB ; nn'l thcincrnfn r)riii;inally ollrrrtj, br- 
c.mrr it w-n dnfcivcil, ii at Infl t.ivifjird at the (lirinr td 
ojiubn«c, itjdrprndcntly of mrtit. 

SiilinrdinnJion i^, indeed, cdintiil to foiirty. Thn 
order ol nnhlrn, tm Itrrrdiinry [MKinlian^ of thr laviR, ii 
found nn nirful political ellabltnintent ; and none frnn 
fn well adapted to (upidy if, m they who httve bmi 
raifcd to cniin''n«e by thrir anvrfbuf;, and who pnflfjrj n 
Irrtitfiriat fMMinHjiiy in thr laud v/liirli ihry ar^ t'» 
prc/irrl. All that in « (»?ifrfj»lrd fnri:, that ihnrnnin- 
mrodaiinfi »»♦ Idiili ni;iy ii';i lit ;''i<''' *»r j^'pf* intr m;'I 
mriit, tlir* pi;ii(r of Jtjunint',, ;«»»<! ilw itUMiib* valun (d 
viitnnuT C<ff tlf;tn. 

It i"» ,'i irinni I'.tildr nr«MHt(i,iiu r in \Ur liiUfiry <d ninn- 
I'lfid, llijt f«»m'" (d Oh: l»rfl ji'Milfj h;'Vr brcn wiitfcii, 
:Mid ii\i\f' tii' tliP yii-.\\r{\ nt' litPVrniftit'j prifnrmrrl, hy 
ilnde wludr ori;'lti wmi (mi'v |l'l'iui. 'Mm- pnliirit 
and geiilccl';ll Im;uI;'*, v.I.mI ''i '.'i'. (cntinifMi-i c»i tli»^ 



5$ ESSAY St No. 90. 

ilyle ht conliacrpvU have been prcK?«cfd hv Have?, or 

i!\k» JeiVciia nt> of ilavci. Horiu*?, I'h.rxlrus, and Te- 
ronvf, wrote in ;i u>!e which iwuA h;:\e hcen the iland- 
ttiJ of ,1 vA^urt, tx> an intercoune wiih which ihev were 
b> no nuv.ns e'.itijIeJ by ;heir e\uac\ion. The founder* 
ot the moll Jiiliiv^iiiihed families emerged iVom the 
miv!v \c and the lov^er cl.iJics, by the fupeiior vigour of 
their natural abilities, or by extraordinary eAorts. aliiAed 
b> f.^riune. And unlcfs the adventi:iou;» circumilances 
of wealth and civil honours can el^td a chiinge in the 
con lilt 1:0 nt principles of the mind and body, there i$ 
cort:ur.ly no real iuperiority to be deri\ed in a boailcd 
yeu^.:ree ot Tudor^ and riantaeeneti!. 

And yet there have appear^-d tiaiierers who have *n- 
dircclJv fiu^ celled, that the minds of the nobillrv fecm 
to be call in a lincr mould, and to have ;;n elrgance 
jnherent in their oriy^in.il conuitiition. According to 
this hvpoihefis, we mull co on to fu'.^piMe, that the 
mind of a commoner, e\al;ed 10 ;he hi i*. her order of 
fen-:orj, cauhes :).is ole^^ance by the contaj^lon of in^ 
vijible iHluvia. On his creation he ur.derg.^cs a kind of 
n w b i : ; :i , a lul p u ; .< o fv' ; h e c \ u \ • .v w h i c h e n c u iv. be r ** d 
a:;d vL'vir.ulcd !;iin in the* !i'W;t rt \'i*>'ns. 1 hu^ ar*.* a'd 
the Ovv:i:!t i eifiOcLv^s of nv be blood to I :* ;nfuK\! by 
thi' m.,r.vi.ue or a i;u :'..;i»:h. l^ut no. !.,iJ ^!a\i;ni!i.*n 
to a m.iM who vii's-od 10 be e:v.'.j':\c\: by him, thouf,h 
I can i?i\e vou rivljfs and a liilo, I cav.not ir..,ke \ou 
noble. 

\i\ truth, thfro is m.anv a no Mem m. acco!v*i:u* to :Se 
genuine i^l^'a of" nobi'::\. e\v'n .it ir^e loom, at tiie 
plv^iij^h. ar.J in ::•,* :lu"p ; .u.vi tp.\i'y jUv^e in :\e !p.:v!s,ie 
1.". k> 01 !;'i\i\i Kvu'tv. riii.N i; Tw'uv Idea ^'or.t.;:a."i in 

*^ . - ■ • X 

11 » ■ ,» V •' f » VI. • »•» I " I • ' » ' .'1 - • • ' * l» '^ .*. V'» '^ r' 1* * •'.< IV » * ^1 

tl'.e av\i*'c:i:..l ud..'iv..i;c'i o? I'xl'cs ar.d hv^p,v^v.r ; and 
manv .:a liv" th \.\\'.cy aa> po ■; '.-^a ir.oie of the uul 
i^-io ihar. a Ivid of iho .iviiui al.y. 

h* indvvd ihv-ro '.> .'./\ .1. b.^.ni».il oi.reience in tie 
0*'ali'.\ i.'f iho'i M%\\:, i!:o a.. \ ani.'..'e is pu baM\ on ti.e 

• v.C i4 «ii\ l> •\.»v. V..lt.^>« ( «i\li ikl\ .. vi-vV ft»«i\« l«l^»i 

m..ru;»l .-r.v.'loyr. .':^:> :..". iu* r.;*.\pc'i..v.ve :M*d <'\ uife. 
the bc;( puii. cr.^ cf :hc ,;i<ima! ju:co^. i^u; ;hcinJo!t r.vs 

whuk 



No. 96. MORAL, &c. ^Q 

which wealth exclcei, and cho pleufum which filhion- 
able life admica without rcllraint, have a natural irnd • 
tncy CO vitiatti and cnfccblr ihr body us well a-, the mind. 
And among the many piivilc*^<':k inhcritril by him who 
boaili nobility in hia vcihn, he commonly receives the 
feeds of the moll painful and the inipurcfl dileuleii. lie 
dirplay»i indeed* a coronet on hia coat of arm.i, and he 
has a long pedigree to perufe with fcciet Jaiibfa^tiim ; 
but he has often a gout or a fcrophuta, vvltich make him 
with to exchange every drop derived from \\\h Nurmati 
anceftori, for the puie tide that warms a pca(uui*ji 
bofom. 

The fpirit of freedom, moral, mental, and political, 
which prevaiU in England, precludes that unreafonabli; 
attachment to birth, which, in the countries* of dei'po- 
tifm, tends to elevate the noble to a rank firperior to 
humanity. In our neighbour's land, the rej^ion of ex- 
ternal elegance united with real mrannefv, the implicit 
veneration paid to birth, add« to the weight of legal 
oppreifion. A Frenchman of the plebeian oidcr attrnd.i 
to a Count or a Marquii with all the /ilent fubnullioii 
of idolatry ; on the contrary, there \h no doula but that 
an Kngliih (Jondolier would box with the bell iMnl in 
the land, if he were affronted by him, without the icalt 
regard for hiu ilar and ribbon. It would iiidenl be an 
a(lditional pleafure to the natural dc'li^>ht of i'.iU(|U( i!, 
to have bruifed a puny Lord. J*'.ven the moii' iri.ii 'd 
and polilhed do not idolife illuitriouh birth, lu truth, 
wealth appears to be the object of more uuivcrfiij vcnr. 
ration. Noble blood and noble titles, withuut an rllaitr 
to fupport them, meet with great compadiun in«.l(vMi, 
but with little rripcd ; nor is the man who h:i<i raii^-d 
himfelf to enjiucure, anil who l)ch:ive:. well in ii, u-- 
■Ji'tted anil dclpiled brcault* he ileiivr.'. uu hilin- l,(.:ii 
Us fore fat Ikts. In a iDunncri ial couuirv , uli.i-".:iu 
ii the general objeiM, thry who h.ivi- lucu ni'i! Iik^cj - 
ful in Kb purfuit will l>e levi'icd by many, wh itrv -r wah 
their origin. In I'rancf, whtn* jn^nowr r. pinliit-J liotu 
the monarch to the ilcanrcr of a jaivc.-., lUr ililii.iili >ii 
of birth. evtMMvilh fx I II- in- jxnrny, ii c nv i.iMi*. 'I'lji- 
brother ul a Mar^jni-. wi-u'il raiKci li.jvr (m .1 !)■• ■•.ulv 

U 6 {M'.iru.ii, 



I 



C^ ESSAYS, N0.96. 

penfton, than pollute himfelf with a trade by which he 
might acquire the revenues of a German kingdom. la 
our land of good fcnfc, this folly is lofing ground ; and 
the younger brothers of noble houfe^, onen think it no 
diferace to rival the heir in a princely fortune acquired 
by honourable merchandife. 

As the world becomes more enlightened, the exorbi* 
tant value which has been placed on things not really 
valuable will decreafe. Of all the effcfls of man's ca- 
pricious admiration » there are few lefs rational than the 
preference of illuflrious defcent to perfonal merit, of 
difeafed and degenerate nobility to health, to courage, 
to learning, and to virtue. Of all the objedls of pur- 
fnit which are not in our own power, the want of d\C» 
tinguifhcd birth may mod eafily be difpenfed with, by 
thofe who poHcfs a folid judgment of that which makes 
and keeps us happy. There may be fome reafon to re- 
pine at the want of wealth and fame ; but he who hat 
derived from his parent health, vigour, and all the 
powers of perception, need not lament that he it un«> 
noticed at the herald's oflice. 

It has been obfcrvcd, that virtue appears more ami- 
nblc, when accompanied with beauty ; it may be added, 
that it is more urcinl when recommended to the notice 
of mankind by the (liiliiiiMion of an honournbleanceAry. 
It 11 then J';rr.'\tly to be will)(»d, that ilic nobly born would 
endeavour to drCerve the refpeit which the world pays 
them wiih alacrity, by cmployinj^ ihcir influence to be- 
nevolent purpofe.s ; 10 ihofe purpofcs which can at all 
times be .'icromplinied, even when the patriotic exertions 
of the held and cul^inct arc precluded. 



No. xcvir. 



No. 97* M O R A L, 4re« 6i 



No. XCVII. RELIGIOUS AND MORAL PRIN- 
CIPLES NOT ONLY CONSISTENT WITH, BUT 
PROMOTIVE OF, TRUE POLITENESS AND TIl£ 
ART OP PLEASING. 



A PHILOSOPHER who, in the auilcrity of hU 
^j. virtue (hould condemn the art of pleafin^ ai un- 
wortliv cultivation, would delervr little attrntion from 
mankind, and snisht be dirmiifcd to hi* folit.iry tub, 
like hit brother Diosenes. It ii, indeed, the dilute of 
humanity, that wc inould endeavour to render ourfelvcs 
agreeable to thofe in who(e company we are deilined 
to travel in the journey oi life. It ii our intcrcft, it is 
the fource of perpetual fatisfaflion ; it ii one of our 
moll important duties as men, and particularly required 
in the profeiTor of chriAianity. 

I have therefore lamented, that they who have taken 
the moil pains to recommend an attention to the art 
of pleafing, have urged it only on the mean motivcn of 
felNintereih in order to attain the power of plenfinu; 
they have recommended flattery and deceit ; and though 
ihey have required in their pupils the appcarancen of 
many sood quuliiicA, they have not infilled on any fub- 
ilMitiaiand confident virtue. 

It is my wi(h to exalt this amiable talent of plcafinf;; 
to the rank of a virtue founded on principh*, and on the 
bed difpofitions of human nature. I would feparatc it 
from thofe varniOied qualities, which, like whited 
fepul(htc5, arc but a (lil'guifc for internal dcfonnity. 
A dudent of the art of plcahnfi;, an it i-. t.uij^hi in the 
ichool of f^diion, h all ioftncfA and plaiihl)ili:y, all 
benevolence and ;;;encrofity, all attrntiou and a(}i(luiiy» 
all graccfulnefs aud gentility. Siuli i'l the csLcrnal 
appearance; but compare ii with hi:, ptivatc life, widi 
thofe at^lionn which pais unfcrn, and you will find 
them by no means conefpondent. You will ufitally find 
a hard hearty mcaaneis, fcliiihncls, avarice, and a 



tuititiri Ha. d(j;ri!rj»lT ii*,-L-... ■.. i. .■.■«* . . ■,.• i.^ui 

(nil w)i-<li KT Uf! lit *,W OYili ivn.-, :.-.c ..^SI t-I 

ihofc who l^Jir;* K ivni ^i^ynirtj i-i i:ii »:.:^u m 
aud kfi:|M ut h»yyy. '1 >>»< i«:!y br K'iiir ;Ci>..>r it 
pine at the w^ul vl H;jlih a:iii l^iiic ; liji ;^r uhi 
kciiitd titim bit f>inju Jir^hli, vix<-ur. atiJ all 
j>oMin«l |it-rcr))U(>ti, tjcrJ t;ui Umcnt tliat lac it 
nolitcd £t ibe h((-!'!'* uiiicr. 

}( W bten uttfdvrJ, th>t v 
■blv, tvlicn tcrompaniril iviili b 
ihM 11 U mt/K ufrt'ul wtifc. iFin 




M i> ^ A 1. Ac. 



N,k\CVH. kmio- 

Clfl tN NOT OM \ I 
l>»OUOtlVI- t>l. iRi 
ART or I'lk.VMNi-.. 



*NH Mi^K il rSlN- 



A PHILOSOtMlFR *h.>. ... .; 
^^L virtue ihouM i'i>.iJfiti.. ihr aii . 

«^lhv Ct.llililH'ii, WiioM Jc.r'ti- 1.1 

Mt^nktnd, anil uu^ht tir Ji.wuUJ u 
ItU h)> bioihei in,><rnr.. \\ », i»,i. 
huHidHiiVi Ihat Wt- iiti'ultl c.'ilriii I'l.i i 
■j|i(«atilv i<i i)iiili> ill Vitivw .•>ui|>M' 
tv iiHvrl in itttf .iouiiir\ i>l l.k. It >• 

U)« lOUIt'* t>l )>«l|vlUill laUtlditon. i 

A impnTiantilui.ri a> ».<■... nii.l |>i 



i.ti »i 1 
i.'i; 41 a 
it<u>.t liv 




0t ESSAYS. No. 97. 

total wntit of thofe prlncinlfta from whirh alone trun 
Lrn#*volrncc, fjfuere rricniHIiip, and grnilcnefi of dif^ 
poljlioii cun ori^Miiate. Vou will, inderd. And cvni t)t« 
t4fipearance« ot (iiciuliliip and bciinvolrrice proportioned 
to chci Ciippolird riches and rank ut him whofe favour 
find paiionugc arc t:uluvaicd. 

Jt ii a f.iv(jurii(t nia;;im with thofe who teach the 
art i)t pI'*'Ji.iij;, that if you dr-firc to pltui't* you ran 
k'arcvly f.iil cu plcalc. Jiuc whiit inoiive, nccurdiitf^ 
to their (hjn.inc, i^ to t.\ntfi thii dcfire ^ A wiHi to 
render all with whom you converfe rul)(<r;rvif;nt to your 
intcre(l(?d jiurpor 1 of nvarice or aml)iLion. h \h a 
mean and dr/picMJih.' niotivf.-, wh^n made the foje and 
4:ofill.tnr prin«"ip!f^ ti' converraii'in and behaviour. If 
thi^ lite ii tlie whole of our exilteme, if richer and 
civil hoi.otifn are th<.« (.hief [',ood, if truth, honour, und 
ireneroiiiy, are t/ut nameu to adorn a declamation, then, 
ind'^ed, thry who pra<^ti(c« the art of ple^finj";, accord- 
int; 10 the vidg.tr idea of it, arc, afit?r all, the truly and 
the only vv'idu ilut let ua not deem fo ncanly of ihr 
world and iti Crraior ; and if our favourable t^pinlnii 
(A fl»if>;rf, hi' an nror, ii i-) not only pardoiinbk bur /»t(i- 
M';!!*:; aud a y/'•tnt^^u^ man will iay, like the nobli* an- 
lirnt, he had raiher vvr with a .'xKiralea and a I'lato. 
than be rip.ht with a Machiavel. 

Hut, iii'l' rd, the viriufj and ih" j^rarri are nun h 
moif n^Mfly .i'!i»«d, ilrtit ihey who air ilratij'/'ri to the 
viriufr.-j arr witlifiiMO at ktiowledp^e. 'i lieie ij linncihinf^ 
extiriii'ly iMnniiliil in all the moral viriuf*:, (Ic.iily 
nil Irilhuj.t aij'! propf-riy reduted to piatlire. l<rli;'ioii 
it ii!(o divliU'd to be lull of plririnincfh, in i!i.it y/o- 
luu\f ill ivljichi;- n.UMie ii deli ilbfd with ll.r jni-.tirlt 
aui!.' iii'i it/. It mull indeed be allowed, tli.tt he who 
i.» a<'i>i:t('''l i'l ill'} dc'iiic id pleji(iu)^ by nioiaiiiv and re- 
li;'i'>i), t.i 1 / vMV (■r('j)t'i]y aild all ihe eintc'liilliin mM'i 
of (•''tiMi.Ml i'r.i< • iiJr.ii. ; and \u: ni.t) ivii itniircti, ilui 
th^ hu'/'i ity of hi) |<ini( iplc^, and (lir }M)o.lti('/fi of lii*j 
char.i« \t I , Will rujurr a ilr|»iee di hM < (» in bi«» atlfnipr-i 
to |'l'*if''. will 1. a (.ill'- pt'otciidci, wiih all hii dupli- 
c il . , '111 rif V I I (<bl.utj , 

if II I'' j.obfrnrli (on/ill*) in yi'rldin;» (oincthint', oi 
our o-.vii pteienliunb to ihv i'.df-bne ot mUt^n, in rc^ 



No. 97. MORA L, kc. 65 

preHlng our pride and arrogance, and in a prnilf n^fi of 
ientinneiic aoJ condu<^t ; fnrcly nothing can ii^- nioiv con- 
ducive to it ih.'in a rc'livi<>n which every v^lieir mmiui- 
mendii brotherly luve, metknrls, and humility. 1 know 
nu( how paiadoxical my opinion mi[>hc appear ti) the 
i'aihioiiuhlc* cluhj at St. J.inies':i, or to the pii.tiircil mni 
of the worhl, or 10 the prolicient in \\\\m I c.ll the in- 
fincare art of pleafing ; but I cannot helj) iliji.lvin«.', ih.a 
u true chiiilian, onr who think* and wiv ^ us iui as ih«j 
infirmity of his nature will permit, coniiilrntly with the 
principles of hi.s reli|>i()n, poiirlles quaiiiicii moie c.i< 
puttie of pleaiing, than any of thofe whidi an* r.*.id <o 
eminently to have diltinguiHied a Mailbt'iiHi^-h and ;i 
Holingbroke. The pious and nmiahlc Mi. Ntli'un Ti'en^b 
to me to Iiuve delerved the epithet of all-.iLi'omnlill.ed, 
much better than he to whom it ha.1 been loc.itcn ap- 
plied ; and, if we may jud^>,e hy hin writin^r-i, and the 
accounts given of hi:) lite, as, on the 01. c hanil, tluic 
never was a better chtillian, fo, en iheoili* r, iIkm- nevrr 
appeared a politiT [MMuleman. It i-i eviib nr iliac lu* d^-- 
rived his art ot jdtufing, not fr(»m a iludy (>t ih** vvoiIJ, 
or pra^lilinp, the irickb of little v;(ili!lin|.'.'), I.iii dcin i!io 
lovely ciualiiie.*) leconiinendcd in the ^olpcl, xwA Itont an 
imitation of the humble Jt^his. 'i'lu-y who lliiviy il.c ait 
of pleafmg will probably have rerc/urfe, a-^i nlnal, to the 
many volume^ wiittcn on the fubje^t in tlu; Frnich Ian- 
gunge, or to the pollhumoui Ifttcrji of a fri niliihcd !• n- 
gl'ilhrnan \ and peihaps they would (mile \\ an inilnuUir 
weie to refer them, for the bell lultb that have evci beta 
gi\en, to the fermon on the Mount. 

Jtis howi-vtr certain, that the art of plealiii^S which u 
founded on finccie principles, deriveil from rc*li[;i(<ii and 
morality, is ah iai iuperlur to thut bale art v. Mih lonlj's 
only in iiinulaiion and diHinuilaiion, a^ ilt<' fit c bnl- 
iiai:cy of ihc rt*ai dianunul excclh tin.* lullic ( t l-itnili 
puitt- ; or, as the loltair hue on the ihetk iA llc-Lc, ili« 
parntfd vi(ap^e of a hapj»ard courtez.tn. 'J l»c infuuc jc 
art ("f plcaling rclfmblta tht; inferior Ijieclf) of tinibi.r 
in a building, which, in ordt-r to pleale ilic i ye, rctjuirc % 
the alhltance of paint ; but the art which \^ iuiiiMit-il en 
ii.icciiiy, i& mure like thut which dil] i.iy^ iar greater 

beauty 



B 8 A r S, KQi gft 

fceityfy In fh« VArlrty find tUhnBh ttfiHi own nfltivc ve\n§ 
ittil eddtfr< A thon fimei c»r a flif^ftt toueh, d^ftfoyi 
lh« fupei^ri^inl iwAniy of £>»<« ^ whiltf the other tic<|ul^«tf 
nirw gfA^CA from thf hAtiJ of time, 

Tbcf i-tfl^A iincl do^rine.4 of morality and reWghti f«nd 
to (ort-p^l ftll thr ftifttigtiitHt rjtiAlitie^ of the Uentti futb 
im eftvy» mfllicc** pMe, itttd irfentitirnt* In doing thi»i 
they cat off' thr. very fource of diragrccAlile hehftviour* 
Momiity ftnd rdigion incftflcnte whflt«*ver U jy/l| mildi 
moderttte, cttndldi and benevolent* Ii doing tbl»i they 
effirfltttttly promote n ivf^m of mttnnrrf)« whirhi whbottfi 
liny Anilter d<;/l^n in tne perion who po/le/Tco thenii Ufl« 
ttot fttil of bctng itgreeitble« If to thefe fubftnntiftl 
^owerft of plenfing lire ndded the Itifl polifh of ft grA€e« 
sul deportmenti the habits iitqnired m good tompttnyy 
in nrquiiintAnce with men iind in<inncfi»i a t^ffe for oa* 
lite iirt» flnd polite book», no other rrauidtrA will b4 
wnntiflg to perfrfl the Art* A mnn will be under no 
neeeffity of hurting hi» confclence And hU chArAAer la 
CttltivAtingy I know not whAt, of a deceitful And Af« 
felled behAviour* He fliMy bo ni onte pUttfm^ And re» 
fpr(UMr I And grow In favour with titcn, without of« 
frnilin^ hij9 (hnu 

ft it) one rirciimrtAncr grrntly \n fflvotir of fhnt ftrt of 
pirnfw^ whit'h I rrrommend* rhflt, cvrn \f it HifMild not 
ftlwrty.o fiicrrrd in pie nffntr thofr v/lth whom wr f onvrrfef 
it will l»f* fiire to pIffflJc out own hrqiffj • it v/ill li? furo 
to f^tiftfy our r*Hmirnre wifh A iruf" (#/ ir/litnlr «! tlio 
tiitir wr Mtr rtHinf^ under itA dir^^lion* i\w\ to rurnifli u? 
witt» «i tMnqiii! driight, unalloyed l»y tf»r remrntlirtincff 
f»r urrf* hr^y nnd mGnnner^i on A »clM;r|»r<tivo view o( 
OMi live* nnd cortVeifAUons, 



No. xcviir. 



Ko.fl* M ^ R A L. ** €f 

Ko. XCVIII. OM TH« ouar or iMcuMAittci 

OltttTIi WITMOVT IfTMIft A PHOIMCT OR 
AM tKYlNTtOM Of PAYMIKT. 



A MONO the virioMi dtvicea which yount mrn 
/jL httv« Invintetl to Involve khemr«lv«i In dlfftttuhlcf 
ittoin ruin/ none la more fVeiiuent thiin thttt of In- 
&yrrii)g debt without eny tK«l neccffltx. No ftHincr 
M thettrpiring youth emitnctpittcd from UU fthooli or 
ita gUttrdUn And Aiperlntendtintii thdn h" hecomeii In 
ill own Ideii H meOi end not only fo, but a men of 
tenfequeneei whom it bcbovea to dreA end mflke n 
Igure. To Accompllfh the pur polli of meklng a Atture^ 
km« eirpenflve vlcei ere to he AfhAed or prAoiftd* 
Ittt Ai the flipcnda of young me Hi JuA entering Into 
ifei ere ufuAJlv IntionflderibTe, It la neceiTary to bor« 
ow on the moft dIftdvAntAgeoua lerma, or to purch«ib 
he VArloua requlfltea of a plcAfurable life on credit. 
The debt fiton AccumuUtea from nimll beglnninga to 
\ groAl Aim. The young Adventurer continuea« whilo 
ill credit la goodi In the flime wild cAr^er i but edieu 
roAl pteAAire. to Improvemcnti to honeft liidultryi An^ 
A tiuiet mina. Mia prAce la wounded. A perpetUAl 
OAd feema tO weigh him down i And though hi^ feelings 
nAVf by length of time end hftblti become ton cnlloua 
A bo AileAeu by the mlfery of hia fltUAtion, yet he la 
art to aII flnccre enjoyment i end If he duen not fnll a 
Iflim of defpftlri furvlvea only to gftln a prrcurloua et- 
Itence At the gamini^ tnhle, to dnptvp tlip iinwAt-y, nnd 
elude ihr* rrlVnM hep ol* ncr^lriniing LM«lilori. K.v»»n 
The Ifi eiirtblod, hy tin* clrflth nl lii.<) pttKiiii or tiih 
elfttiona. to pny the debtH whiih Iim yniithful folly Ima. 
ontrn^U'd) yet hoR he ruflntcd Inn^ ntul tnnrh, ntiil 
oft the bepinnlnif of life, th<» i'rrxihw t»rrnti(niMl dcli)»ht 
nd folld improvement, in didirHi ftml (VntM in rMl>ti« 
Ating excuiea nnd pretrnrPA, nnd in ilylng f'rum the 
iger purfulta of duna And bAilifla. 

1nv\ 



n 8 8 A r 8, No. 97. 

hetuty in the variety and ricbnef* of its own native veins 
and coloar. A fliort time, or a flight touch, deflroyi 
the fopcrficial beauty of one ; while the other acquires 
new graces from the hand of time. 

The rules and doArincs of morality and religion tend 
to corredl all the malignant qualities of the heart ; foch 
as envy, malice, pride, and refentment« In doing this, 
they cut off the tery fonrce of difagreeable behaviour* 
Morality and religion inculcate whatever is ju/l, mild, 
moderate, candid, and benevolent. In doing this, they 
rffeAaally promote a (VAem of manners, which, without 
any finifler dchf^n in the perfon who pofleHes them, can* 
not fail of being agreeable. If to thefe fubftantial 
jpowers of pleating are added the tail polish of a grace^ 
fnl deportment, tne habits* acquired in good compan/t 
an acquaintance with men and manners, a tafte for po* 
Jite arts and polite books, no other reqaifites will be 
wanting to perfeft the art. A man will be under no 
neceffity of hurting bis confcience and his character in 
cultivating, I know not what, of a deceitful and af* 
fe^ed behaviour. He may be at once plcafing and re* 
fpe^ablc ; and grow in favour with men, without of* 
lending his God. 

It is one circumftance greatly in favour of that art of 
plrafing which I recommend, that, even if it (houJd not 
always fnccced in pleafing thofe with whom we converfe, 
it will be fure to plcafe our Oivn heart<t ; it will be fure 
to fatisfy oar confcience with a fcnfc of rcfti:udc at the 
time we are a^ing under its dire^ion, and to furnifli us 
with a tranquil delight, unalloyed by the remembrance 
of treachery and meannefs, on a rctrofpc^jvc view of 
our lives and converfations. 



No. XCVIII. 



No. fk M O It A L, ftti €f 



No. XCVIII. OM TH« OVar of tMCUMAtMO 
OlITI, WITMOVT IITMSft A PHOIMCT OK. 
AN XKTINTIOM Of PAYMIKT. 



A MONO the varlotii dfvk«i which yount mcii 
X\ have Invfntvct to involvo th«mrelvei in diffkuUkf 
•noin ruln» nont ii mora fr«i)ucnt than thnt of in- 
Citrriflg dfbl without any rnl ntefflltx. No Iboticr 
la thf Afpiring youth cmftfl€ip«t«d from hii fthool» or 
kii guttrdiHn iitd AiparinteoditBtii than h*" hiscomcit in 
kii own ide«» n man. iind not only To, but n m«n of 
coaftquiinetfp whom It b«bovfa to drtja «nd miilc6 « 
igurt. To MCComplUh tht purpoA of m«ldng a Afturtf^ 
ibmo tirpottfivf vleii aro to ht AibAnd or prufflfod* 
But Ai ftiif fliMnda of young mfn. JuA entering into 
Ufkf are oruAlly ineonfldi'r«bTff| It ii noceflary to Hon 
tow on thf ffloA dlAtdvantigfOua termai or to purchifli 
Iho varloua rf^utlltfa of a pl«Afurable life on credit. 
Tho dobt (bon Accumttlatta from Annll beginninga to 
i groat Aim. Tht young adventurtr continuea« wliito 
Ml erodit la goodi In tht flimc wild cnrrrr i but adiou 
to roal plfafure. to improvemf nt| to honeft induftry, and 
to a quiet mind. Hia peact ia wounded. A perpetual 
load focma to weigh him down i and though his reelings 
naVf by Ungth of time and habit» become too ciilloui 
to bi affefted by the mirery of hia fituntton, yet he la 
loft to all fineere enjovment i and If he doen not fftll a 
viAlm of defpalr, furvivea only to gnln a prccAfloua ex« 
iftcnce at the gaming InhlCi to dcrcivf thr imwnry, fliitl 
to elude the rercftfcliPB of tie^frtuiin^ t^^^lllorfl. Kvrn 
if he is enabled, by the cfeath f)f Iha pi)i«ntfl oi Mi 
relations* to pny the debts whieh \m yuuihrnl folly hna 
contracted I yet has he fuffcred )on^ aikI ohmIi, niul 
loft the beginning oFlifCi the I'cnUm vi' rMumnl (l('li};lit 
and folld improvement, in dKlirffi And fraiM tn THl'ii- 
eating excuiea and pretences, nnd in Hying from tho 
eager purfuita of duna and bailiils. 



CC ESSAY S, No. 9«. 

Hut lllib fnlly, )iOW<:V(:r pir;'ii:i)il wllll Ui'lfvvy, la et\' 

iii\t:f\ to piey, iinl Mniy, in Ihii': tltf^rcf, n'iniit rifthfik 
iiliial j.all !.'('. ion I, youilifwl .itfl'nir, aiid w:tiir oi c/jwii- 
fiKv. '1 lioiif:!!!!!';, lint! t/- !.•} of ilioiiruiKl'., Ituve fuiiii-d 
tlicir foi f 111' J .iii'l t)i':ir hiij Mr i . !>/ ii:.ltily tuijiiin;; iuio 
il<'l)t Inf. .«' (I.»-y kii'W iliir 'iluR lit Mi'iiicy, or the COl:- 
fL*qurrficr'» of tlurir tiiihariiiii'iji-nr. VVc |»ii/ ilitir u-il- 
fortiine, iiut in i e fiMl putt 1 tlirir j>io^'^icij wc du not 

ufiifilly arculir ih^iiJ lA <!ij|ioijrH/, 

l)ut the liuliit oi iiiciiriiiK* d^l't, thrjii(.'!i i,i \\r: turVit-r 

tad ' • / 

p^jio.I'< of iifiMi iit;ty ori(>iii.(ir. in iliou^'Jitl''((iM'f i, coui- 
monly IfUtN to a u'ltut: mult aiioijou) in it/i.-ir, and 
ihjiinoiik ir) flit icty. Ifu who {/ray<:l a.^^:iin (I poverty, 
Ifril he (liould Iw poor and n<*al, undcrilorjd hnnurt na- 
tups l)i(h( :u]ti<-, and dillrefrf^ havf* a natnral (cndenc^r 
10 itflcn ihr rellraini^ of con^.irn'c. 'J'lwr forncfi of 
honour, wh<^n /lorni#*d hy that /oit of poverty v/hi» h i« 
occafioned by pMifli^'^riry, and not drirnded wi'h /ouihI 
principles (fuL-ii utt riiiu of the world do not ofren poi- 
Itft,), haft for th^ vniilk part yielded at ilif< rt-tim). He 
iUnix who hf'f'^ati with incunin;^ dflii merely lii-caufe lie 
wa'. flron^'Jy llimid.iied I>y p.d!i iii or l.owy, and vv.i-: not 
alil'r lo pay for ih' ir jM.'iuh(.ati(in, j^M^i eel-), vJjen the 
hal'it i) M;tiliim''d, anti the fiill frniple'i dilniided, to 
contrail deht wheiever imrurptdtin^; confi'l':»n.t v/ill af- 
ford itini .'III opi o.iiiiiity. 

If Uc polli fie-, tiilr;, rliflin^lion, or any l.Inii of emi* 
nence, lic v,ill n-^t /ind il dilii'. uli to ^'lin (Krdii. 
Yoiiiij'^ ti.i'lr/iii'.'ii, d' JiMKn (il mal. jn|^ ( onne<*'tion"., arc 
re.Mly to run any ii/<|ii''; and h'fpe ihiii, if il i^ l^'iip^ 
[iiittir ih'/ leirive ll.'ir money, they ili.ill n-'it hir wiih- 
oili tljir I'lenf ni:ifi'"» jrilrij|,;i('»* dv reMMUii.end.iliriil, 
Ji'H h'Mc .iKo ihiy .lie oll''ii deceived; f'<r ih'* f;H it 
liiiin r oii/iij'-i.: Ill) hi . Mr-iljioi-i ;n lii^ riirniiir*., .'iiid IM*. 
Ver ihiiil-.'i of ihcni I nl lo (('U'live ni'l fx'di to ;i voi-1 
find deti'ive iheiii. Il I.e h:ip|ieii-< lo I'cf ' j ve any iiiiiit-'y, 
Jie talve-) Jiiie l'>e-(j.ii)d |l .ilji'.i.j'^ ih.iii;'*:! , who hi.-' 
no filher deiii.'ti.d li|<(iii hllii i'l.l f"l ihc i 'iHWumUiy 
vvJiif h iif I'.iy. I'l at ili<' liine (,{ piin h.tir, 'J he v.oilil 
i) V^ide; .nil] V'Jt'ii dur 1' l ('1 ri'duhMii Madrlincn arc 
%ve;ii ii'd vviih e .pr.M.il.oi, and <Ji( ij»p(iii.l ineiil, the jMeat 

t/iiiii ii.ij^tatc:) to ant ilicr pait of the luv/n or (oumiy, 

ai.d 



Nr.'.S. 



M n W A r.. .Ir. 



r- 



iHiil I iH'ili lifii-l: (II liiiDiiili liMiir nin|iil|iiii . Ini' ip-l i ■ 
llllCKi. I1inil.ll Willi lltf Ili'lli-IM i>( ill lltl>i> \\ . !i li|i|. 
'1 llli • t ll'- }Mi':)| tii:il1 I'll! . IMI tllll IM^', till J'.i ■ *'( • |' •! I i i 
III : |t 'i . ;ti>i| u lirii I ll-- I 1 1 lifiit . ;Ui' (111 •■-•I ' <i •■ I ' , n | 

I ho lti>Mi'i ) I'l :i I- ii>| iin| till. Ill- I I'll I .'I I.: : - *!' ' t y 

mill \\ i< Itili :M*. ■ h ••in itii I III. i|iiiii. i<i li\ in, '•!'• 

ri- j|i^ q lit : lilN lull ■:. ti|ii| | iii|«l|q lit |i I ■ i i • I • i ! • ■ ! ' t « i , 

tnrii, |< ili-fil, ni HimII ill i|iittliii- *: •■>• ii-r> I'* i . Im 
Jill I If it li« )-,ii it. ill tt lir ll III • l\ \ llli. ill ii> . ti !• I'o ; 

tijinil llli'm I IIIMIM^ III' . 4 iMi|ii|i-| .llllltl . 

I!t>t wlitir till' I'liililii, tlir iliMnM, till' I M I"* . llir 
I'lltiliiM. ilir li.il.ri, mill llir i li null i. i ■ in i m n i|' u ', 
ttir |t>« lii'V liiil llli' t|iM li'ilr ill I . llir inilln l>. .in ! iln I'l • 
tl»i'l j;!nnr|lri, iriii\r ir;iilv iiimiiiv vi li nlli n' .imi i 
fMi>liili(Mi. '•!iMi|*ii: riiid pn-tliiiiti r. v. iih ill ili' i|ii.ili 

1119 <•( (llirVi'lV. IHit HI ttlnli' III III >i l\ln<ll ulli'lil In 

It p:iii| til liiniril nirii. uln», witli ili'ii I innli. .. mi* 
r iluitll IM :l ll.lir it iliivmp,, l*V IriJni;;, iIkhIimi^;. 

nn«l :)t ^iMninitilaiiii^! Iimih'* li;n«lrnr<| piMilij'. id', iiul r«> 
tl;t^-u*nl1l ilrli till ||.-i* W'liii Iml tniil) I'l j|ii|iiMi-iiiiM) 
wIh^p ho ir^'*^ :i ni.iM lit hijili lilr. fiQ it if < t'-iil. I'ltuu* 
n jiiMit ol tiir;-.t 1*1 tmiii'* piMM II .iiJriinMn. v. Imli* iliiiiliiii 
flio :t( \\\r l.iinr iiti'iii- nt lM)M>inr i>i ilnii |miiiiI t\ iiii<i 
Irl v\ I'MMil I W'liM l.-ra. WitilMiit lilllli^* lip llli ti iiiih. 
mV I.I III. Ml- (it ||ihli. iHtiit)* JKVi-n: Ml th' ji'' i ! i-f .1 
pl.'tlllllll |;llill'. lupjlii ll. I-.,;;,.. \\ 1 1 U l\»M nUl.l-. [f 

\lw 1 4ihiM (•< liiiiii* K iiiMifii r 

lliili'il, (lip |Mlih' {«ih| v:MiitV •»! Ii'llii I' 'I'll.. V. Ii.» 
V.lliir t lirinli I\ ro mi (In n ImiiIi. im iIuii I til. • ii iI |i-> 
inmli' I'l li'i'. iiiilini'' till Ml tii l"i>l rpiMi i!i mh- >\' ^ i'4 
Aiilpiiii*! iMili I i»l I'li'i;., niiil |i» pi'. Im- il:;i i!ii»- 
h^vr fi li^iht ii« I'l (llli luppmii i| I'V ihi «• «' I'l- '!•■« ' <'i 

plflnliiMt Mll'l rtf|'.|Mir. i\>li .ihil lliv ;iii- It 111- I'l 
III t ht'll i II I nillil 111) f Q I II 'l> I I'V I'll :( <l ! Ill''* •<! 1 I :l ■ 'M 

ililt ) . t i :t|| In III I (I III I II in il. I •: III . ill IM I Mil , I) i . i im 
prilllli'Mt: III': tll IiiIiMi c |. |i>i| in !■ l>i>fM> ; li - •: 

liilimil' ll : Imt Met li'i In iinliMih ili> w • iIih It' i nl 

iHi liMli'.ri (llppiv ihr I i>ll|tM"iIil|.- : IM \r III 'l Iw i'» i!-. 
( i|i III* tiiliiiniii-n. Iinnr i m< pm n ■■ i I ■ >i !■' '>i- :>' 
muiit : rt ililpmr i iiImi ■■. tmiI iI):ii iii(|>iit- litniilli' . iiii> 
li|in ^M"«|itlrni:iii i»i linr. |.m1\ wiili i ji i. i i I.m n-<i 
pn)tM^i, ihi' hilL III ihr im an lUiir • ivi pun ^ 



/:« 



K S S A V S. 



No. »jo. 



vi*itn»i'»i rtu»l fall f-tijiitiM/^Mi^ plivilniiM jiir»»r»*»l .ii \ili>it 
« (it| wtuMMMilit W U*\\\\'\\\ iV* III .-i((>'inl lit \\u' \\\\y\\ 
lin«-u. (tf ttio li iiMt i>( thor:iMli. im <iill«*i luio l,«l)ui>n 
rtM.? pti tdlir to W {s'\ uilili' t-\ l)t<' I I;UU\MVMli |)U|M>I 

liihilN «>t A twr^w \\\^'\\\\\\\\ I (iitMt>'lt hii lU'ViinioU (tiiln 
fttMM III-- hivtny. (jtriti U\i i\\\u\\)\\,' \\\ lii|>}>l\ iii|« tlir 
|«iiUm) w ht* ilrljMti'. luiu. u iiU iltr ulliuiui'ul' ol \\\\ 

rllt' IMiWlii^di \ . thr\tMU\. tttr Uii> r-t(in^\ |Mti(iuMi 

« NrtMOd'lth' Ow* fM. I.'ul rti'.»', :Mi' IM«rlluilN |»h»'H»MiVii 

V tiru) iMiunpIr^ ^ir ilriit tout. iIiiIumi. it\ . Nii wiuuirt 
(hi'ii. tluK lu no di'i' )i n I ihii|>ti-:. I\\ tiiilln i. rtittl lit 
litlvrn( I tihti«u'ltM a iW il. I>(. (o UMii h ;«)>iMiii.!t'tl. 1 hrif 
n h'Utlly niiv im»il.- »•! | iiMii \\i\\ r»|».'»»ul\ ni thr n-," 

IUt|><<ll)l, III \\ lui tl \«MI % AW lit* rMi> i^'i .t. N^lllliMM ll1\IM^ 

)nui f'U'prii V t'\|»i'li .1 |i» tl<.' »l* j«u ,l;un«Mi i«t mILuim. 

All rl utMx'n \\* A \\ Itrm. 

Maim rt iho |t«*il.Mi7 witti livr (M) ihr> t«il»lt:nii# lY 

4>tlt4-^l .. ti\ l<vi||iM\ iHi* . tMllt )l:UlUl'. tM r|lM>l«Mnti* Willi 
• lilt illlt l)ililli'« t\\\\\ WIlhiMK l<i'MU< 'lti|r III •M\ . Illli,!* d 
Iplritiliil fUMMi't. dllil pti-. liH iSMItli'tlti'M cnt<I inru |i( ))|t- 

luMii \U\\ \\\^\\v\\'\ \\\r\ \U'W (I'tii ii.tCi* till !uir\ ('-. i«ii 
thru liii\fU, rthil lu ilu ^m {UiOi Aitou i»t ili.n {mi.!.* .tit<( 

\.tlll|>. 1 ih'lll IMM tiritlili- III |<IOIUM)|l« •- \U^ \\\ llliM.'lll 

luitt.n ditil ilri«'l):it>tii \U\\\ \\\i*\\\\n\ \\\. w -w^A idUMr tiir^tl. 
ri-. I«.i:uil«'. li» \Uc iitinr i«l :>.li\l iKiiU, ilu ^ ^^^\ a 



•• • » 1 1 



I M I. . '. I\ I I., I. » \ l\",, 

ri. I i: Ml ( n. 






() 



N I *'l l' r h» ll r»M»l 1m i.'ii .,*ll Iiniini-n !•' J \N liu h rtj» 
|ti tii.l in i!ir liii I i\ liixt iMi, >fti I ') liMic .-umI 
till 111 1 1 in -ill , \\ : . I hi illuili I Ml I' I nil I li ii I'l'i i \\\\\ \\fl 

%v:(« hiMu A\ Alt'. It Hi l>v utioiiu. 11% Uiittl II. iltonrK 

. '* 



Vfilliii^ lirtiir^ i(. Itr tirrnntn nn liilr:u 'in nf IVitnirt. 
ftiiil I itiitttt it| tlir ( rtllinli il I liiiii It III rti<liiii, unit itii^lil 
linvr Ml in I'll mI llir lti{;hrl1 |i|t(trnirnla mIihIi llir iiiiiii« 
I :tn lipllinv, il tir Ii4ii iiiM ililiUitinl liitim iliMioiii'll iiini 
Imtnili Miiip. < iMitjiliMiii fn. 

'I'll lilt in mi mlripitlr iilnii nf tlin mnif m| tlin wniri^ 
tvliii iitiivnl lit I ^irllfhir in tin* flnwii d liirKitiiir. n t^ 
iiniilMrv In tniiliiln, witli Hlt«*titiiMi, ttinir |iri iilim in 
I iititliffin re wliii II initi) iril rvfii it tiiMltiii tily ni Inn iiin|r 
n liilltiiili iiMMiMMt*'iili MiHiUi Wi't" liiini. jinlMiiiiiq m 
ltiir<'liii4 Kill MiiMo iifirftiiiittiin« mill tin* |iMwrt|til nilhiifi- 
ti'Mi it| I iiiriiii"ii:u V Mitiili^jo III n iMrni iiirndfir ilrlii If Ml. 
!*• li;l|i ii'a I l.ntii In • iiliii' nripiliiiiit y t« linl linwr*'Pl mii 
vri (:tt|v iijliiii I'-l. II •' n 1 1 mtly ihmImIiiI ( mhi iln l*illii|tt | 
nml M:tvli (tiye, }|r Unit iiiiiiiy III liiJ |i iiiiiiii iiu Imiii liiiii. 
Piiiilr. in>|r*'il. |it I M ill •{ 1*1-11 III! Il, lini 1 dn nut liml iltiti 
lii^ luiiitr Ihiiiii- Im iiiKili |. Willi II nl liilln ullii « itiiil 
iiii)H>it||||M||:«^ rtiiij (Villi liMv I Hi iiinlliiii' I c III I «< iir it I|'Imi 
(i| f-ntfi |iM/*\ I II fill II nlly m'li nt niiil jn t d vrMii|i In liii 
ilinilhl llir vr I V im iniihililr ulilt n lr»« il U tuitlly wmipIi i > 
III! i lini niiy i ml ivi lii.il i imlil iil(f<tiil« liy Im iiwii i l|iii|q, 
llir i iiiiiit'iii liiijiliiqiil iii|>rii'ii cvtillniiiv 

■'till It. lli'\V(\<l, \'. :nllti liiiliv* fiiM r III l*i-ii III It'o {*r 
tMil«« tliMl ill llir Mitil'lli m| iin iMiriilioliiriH i| n{r»- Im 
III I It Mir I rlrlii :iii il I 'tinti}'lnii|i llip i ivil|/ril itiitinitc iil 
|'lltii|ip M4 (til i>t:i|ni, |ilillii(iiplti I . Miiil jMri. 

I 111 jKi'lii.il Imiii- I ■. iii-l'-i^il. til* llii'll illlliiii* iiiilii'il 
T'lit MM •! \-. illi I In iini \\ !• It ill III 11 V ol l"iil, III' li:|i| I'll' |<ri ii 
li:ii lillijlynl lii-Mi;.; ttniii in iintMili) \i lin(i- ltiii^ii-it;i i« 
tin* lnii|.Mi:i|n> III |im • . 'I'lii- nnli m . l'i> i nnlltnii y, nit 1 i lir 
iMiininlti tiiliiir III l>i: I .idi'iii, M I ili'M il liiiii iiiiivi il.illy 

llM|M|Ul III till nllliiM-lia :l<l>| liiinilllH 0(1'. Ill Mill • iiX 11 

I iMMilt V lip |m I iiiM til" )• 111! I II III iiit'^ 1*1 I III I rni 111 II |iiif I.', 
\\> nn tlii\v;ii'l I 111 "I Sniii \ Aii'l. (imi'lll .ill ilit ili( 
mi t iii|i I -•• % III •\ Mmili'iii iml (fulliii liiiir iiiii'n, llir 
J', II 1*1 1 ill I 'Hi I liM I t I II I I M> 'I lin lnv> I V ( ti I :ilii|iii « Mi 

III IfM \\|lp It til' (-ml. II. (•••if . til i|ll|i|:t*' till II i>l ill'-" 

t" Mil nil' f I mil I III I u I'i II It in I . tli ni |lii>lt ni w In- I| lln^ 
|;i' lit I l.tli.iii ltM){r 111 I I .nil i 

•' In till' liii-iii tq ill '.til M \ /* 1 I yo Ml W'fil Inlij " wrt 
nit* (ill] nil i| In InnI niiluii^^ nl lln im I i| liyli' iil • :ilt 
^liuli inailn |in; Itili.ni )• i» t^}, Int (ii|')n>li>l m;illi m. 



70 



ESSAYS, 



No, 99. 



tf;»e' !::!•> P« fnrcli, SLTf^yS fi^nuni'mt^ ?.re ft.r th« mofl 
i>:./r i.jx'i.'ii! Mi'l u:::ifr"'!"t<r^*, ijriljii;^ r/oiii hii ov^ij fc*:!- 
i:i;/«, H.: ! ili t.it'.'J by lli»t jirtftht lIu jni.'tifiits. ifi» 
jj'i-.-iiy i-. .liikr un"iiii)4rrArt<^U by leariifl .'t'lufi^n* or ^la- 
lioj.i"- (fiti '-i';. If our uuihor co'>i'-. I'rirarrli, it i^ I'e- 
tj;'. I.'; L'"'-; ii,;ir.i.' ./vIj';!! he drfurhJ : fr^m liii I'laronic 
;i!/!lf;i~«i'n , hi: rd ririijr-nii of p;tfn/iii, Id; f-jo^^^'irratcd 
ronij/iirn'-:.' ., uici )ii: {.):ty Uj.Oii oppofiic fcf.Liiiief.is, mio 
a 11:.' !: /)t I'.-fi'lriiic)':, rjiiijJicity .'tn<i riatire. IV-iiarch 
U'oulii hi", t' h'.ii a Ltriirr ji'.ei hi'i lit ht^ii a woifc l-.hojar. 
V':r, uyoii ih': \',\ifi\c, I Iho-ili a^. ifjfjii ihiiik '»/' j.r-. /'•/fiiig 
ii'iirty Hi I*«'fi;:r«h, a^. tA ^ticinw^ a (jiitiiic couiiir/ 
cii.:n li tn a diriun itiii\Atr, 

J[ \'. r> n.ilti'i/ li .ir, llial irvirrhl of iht Ji^M*: wli'j hrJVr 
<!*-■.!, l«-tl ll.'-.jiftlwb I'J ih': •irr(.ri|itioil of UiC !-r:'l-r pjf- 

/.'/ii, h.jvi- fl.'-.vi, ih.it ihcy r'-:i!ly Hi'J not ab/.ty -. !■ "1 i; in 
i : j'jj'cii f*»«:;'"h ari'l purii'- whilr ih«'y Viiii\t. 'i !r- 
J-i '• -.'..Mil i.:iji'' iiii'.iir*. <i'/t^- cor ili.ii-.t'- rvi*!'*- :.., 
ji' ill', 'o.'i'i-ii, :.ii«i v.i !i» I'.'ji. liiitO.'i'i, ih*- *,-.ri '.f 
L',:*\ a'.' 'I'. J'. ..i li tli« fi- '^Miiii hi) r/j'*:! iiiijj::ilio!. ! 

•..''• '1 |, ;!: .... 1 ki.i/.v f.'.f :'i..f (':•'{, ;!•'• 

.-■ '■ • . ! . ; . ;. .i'l ij! •'-• :. I IliiiM.'Wi! h . ■-l.•- 
'«. • .!.'. ■ !.i.l )..'!•• liij.'' .1 '..ilij fiir f'-Ji I'T 



V' if-: 

i:. - I 



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I 

I 

C. ' . 

1-. 

I.-, . 
I:. .' 
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J . .: ' 

J' •'■'■■ 

Ir . 
J.' A 



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,, 1.1: t.i'-ii j'l':.'i ;!« -i I.1-, '.'-.it'-. ''I 
'■-I I..- . '. .-J i'l h .'.'■ l/i"»-'i <:,i'-i I ■; 
.■'."■i'.t.'i «• 1 I'l j :• .:U- fji'- iii. 1; ii..!- 

. tl lil J;' -, ^/Ik'ji ,:.j I,.: I. ■ I 
. '- : ; . • .. .!..." •}. ».• ; V • '.'i ■ I . 

..r.t» il, .J. I., I 111* V 1 « I ?..'• i.i.i^..'- < •:- 
. ■ /.'• i..i I . I II*" .' 1", •.!»/ «#I .• I ; ii><i 'I'# • 

1' '..I III" lli!.- ■ > «,f ll^,»' Il« h'- .1 I ,fit 






I- 1 

V. ,. 
I 



J' /. . 

J -. 
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'til ill . il : . ' ■' .. . ■ .1 ■ 
j.. '# iii< i.sJ I • '.;' ' , 

." I'l V'«i i. . iIm' ].«.' • -. il. 



■:/«.. !<.• .1 ♦.! 



!■ >i.-: !/(.;' 



i 






Li I.' 



II 






No. 99. MORA L, Aec. ; I 

exqutfice mode of uilJing a di^niiy to comprifitlon. It 
huii been prrfcribcd l>y the l»i'ii rritic.i, niid {i.-i tifc i l>v 
the bell writers. And, with rel'ix'i^l to the nliiiiiniy ic 
may occnfion, tlie i;iult ii in the rradfr. 1'octry hub a 
luneunge of it^ovvn. 1m}1' tin- r^iktMiirlrvation itiicoii- 
ilramed to feck a di^Vion rrmnte trotn con vet Cation or fa- 
miliar profr*. lie who reaiU aiul Lfiiicirci jxxiry, oii[<ht 
tobeacijuainted with iu peculiar and idiomatic lanp,ii:t^>e. 
l-Jomcr» Virgil, Milton, wrote in a diction which will not 
be undcrflood by him who Iwia been lolely eonverr.int in 
the orofuic wriiingi of* their feveral lun^»ija;»eh, Thi-i, in- 
deed, may be jullly laid, that the di}»nity ofthe ejioiKr.! 
ni'iy reijuire thiii method (if conlracMin;*; a vennable air, 
much more than the humbler (liaiu*. (A the pl.iintivr in- 
amorato. Jfaiiv part ni rctran h% (jhhuiity .irilcs liom 
the tonfulion of hih ideas, (^r his pn ])Ii' .\fd method t)t' 
t»ipiellinj^ them, no vener.irion f<.r hii name mull pro- 
tect him from cenfwie. Indn-d liveial veiy able iiitic'i 
have complained, that the) could not undcrlland hiui 
without an inierpj( ter. 

I'jioupji of hi*, meaniiifi; and of hli bcauii'-i lias been 
undciilo(Ml by hitt own cdiniii v imcm, to i'i\(- him ihr* 
title of the Kaiher (d' ilu- 'I'Ml.aii \i.ri\y. The il.idic.il 
excellence of hi.s lan'Miaix* ha-i 1 (.iiiii!)uii'i| to <>>^''' ^i 

fit* r I 

name to the century in u huh lie livi-d ; \*i\' the li i!i. in 
(all it tht ^ooJ ti^c tij' tl III' Liiii^uiiyi', and aittibii.r ihc 
happy elleil in u pn-al Hic. ilmc* 10 )'(ij:.j\h, t\ fi», 
indeed, are the uicaier part of hl'i Ioih.M', Uvc-ci tl: ir 
lanvuai'cf, and Iwiret their ffinlincMiC). 'riinii'-h (».ii- 
(i(m may point (iur (|uaii)iiir'l('i'-i .'mmI uiinaiur.il cnii'cii,, 
may cenlure uwc pait a^ iii"ta} hyiiMiI, and another .14 
afir^ied, yet the fenJil)!c- n ader will nut jir'l;',e by 
p.'irtji, but liy tlie wlit)le efl'n^t cd" an euilr'- pi.. tr ; and 
il bis Ic elinjji li.ive lieen ol!"-! liui-ly umt lnil, aiil hii 
imagination ib-livhtcJ, h'* will "ivf h.iulrll up to the 
nia;',ii' ol liie pt»tt, .mjiI ji-iiiin;' i!i tir •■'•m'm.iI ajjj.l.iiif<i, 
If.tvr? the colli Clitic to wliiljier lu-. iIcLi.u titju dilic- 
^*aidrd. 

'J lie love-vc?rfe.*i (d m.niy vvilirr. c.muor be reKjni- 
mnided without danjyi. IJut the U.\\ ni love which 
I'etraiLli felt, fiipp(jlin^»' tlie (iljei't a j/HiJjm" ()i.e, reli'ies 
and ennobles humanity, it i:; a lpLi..ii*. \A jmIIIou wIik \\ 

\SvV» 



ya F. S S A V S» N\ 

^'A* n<^vcr fell in ihr lUi^htfA ^It^grrr by \\\r nu^lrl 
luuohrc. ll prtHAkrt Jomcthinjj of the nmuiv o 
OnTXioii. Aiivl while ii clr\ti(rs hum^^n \utuir in \\\ 
ivuuibuto loi«cchin|» lo iu real c\.ihativMt. ^"h 
%\A* the virtue ot thr rt^r inwhuh nMU;*r.Ji\' love 
V;4ilr\l, A\\\\ one vutue i* iillieJ t\> ^11. The ^\\t \\a 
luou>. in iH^mpArilon with thole iime.< in whi^h U 
tle^jMiied 10 it* lowert i'|»ecie?, ;\n*l even ihe ph 
j^heis cnv)eA\our to revluce nun tt> the hiimirutinj^ 
M It ion ot 4 meir Aninu). 

Rut IVii«ieh i* woi to he loniiilereJ only a* *n It 
poe?. lie wrvte 1 4tln jwtiy with gir;»i irjniu 
iinJ. iiulce*K lUnij'.v'. hi> life, ievMUji tv> h4\e it*\j 
wo«r honour ttoi« th;;i. th.u\ ftom hiji \ern4CuUr 
*lu0l'ou*. If W4.< lor his AfnoA th*t he W;«s eio^ 
wich Uipcl ill (he i';t{'iL;l ot Rotnr. This work w 
kin J ot hvMoio porm »m honour ot Seipii^ Aliii; 
whole name, (am^ hr, I know j\ot how, w:ijt \\cAt (« 
1i\>m ihe e;uliU rt^je. 

Hi,-* Aiiicii i> ;iiknow\\l:>-il to be M\ impel trC^ w 
ll h^.l not the \:\\\ \\\\\k\ of lis v\Ci\\ author. Hi 
4l^u:»\il> uuh hiiloiu.^l n\;;:;or. :\^\^\ with th%-* fiohoi 
pOi-|i\. l"l\e i»;;;u! v^( /. ut.ulcr is \ ;;'.'olc. I hr poc 
titr lou^.i'tiinrs ln'.:u> wt; l\ iViujMu* \\cM mikI lii'hl. 
upon il\e whole. U \> a \\s^\\< luoie voui-mouou,* 
y.ru'Uv \\\A\\ iviJy.nienl. ;\r..l w.\nis th.it poluh w 
A W\U'i Ave wi'uM vrn.-;in!\ h.w.* briK»\\rJ. 
lVli4uI\ wuiJru nv»;!u»^-; but L.'.tin |ve;'\, hew. 
hdvr poli'rilr»i but ;* i.iivuljurtte p!.-.ce in the triwpl 
t.imr, 

rS.* piolv' w\M!vv ol rrti.;i\h .-iir \o!uiwinou*. 
i;ulrcxl. i> hiM.ouieJ wuh {\\c wxww I't il»c ir.;\*re 
the I Axxtx lAWvWiXi'C. i •ic.it w.i.-. \\\< n\r\\\ \\\ \c^'a\ 

• • • * 

A Iavvwa-S'c \\l\u\\ *\.iii .'.liuv*;! tisru ir.Jo \»!'!»\»on . \< 
(hiuk. w h;J.l hi'iw \\Ktv\\.\\y' !oi t?u- !.j»iU.motj of" 
tt.iuh \t !w h.;«l \\M;un .-\il h'.N wo^^^ '.r. Iw' \\a\\\c 1 
^,u.wr, whuh \\c p%m!% ii%\i i pe» fr%*lio\\. A'.\A whuh 
;Uii\i-\i. utuiri l!>»- in.i'.».;*'r;n»-n( o\ hv.n .\\u\ ht\ ^ol, 
^\Mdi\. Ai \\\c rt.i:\%*.\u! 01 il.,(iu rlrv^ir.iT Thouj^li 
wivu*^ \\;,h Ipnt. ;'\ul ;»l\Miui> w»th ibikiue a\\k\ \\ 
ii'nl;u\c•5*^^, A\\\\ \'.ilpl.nN no invOuiitU i;;ble \hAir 
lcA\\\\i\\\, \\{ he cannot be v .illcU d g\V\l lAtiu wii' 



No. 99. • MORA I., ftc. f) 

I li ; llvir I!) harlli atul uiu'outli ; hi.i rcntcncn ruj^p.nl ami 

iinpnlilbed. There ii a (itiKulAritv of manner wnich Celt 

him At n remote tlilUncc trom the elnflk'!*. anil pmvrs 

that he inipe^lcd thrir workii rather lor their matter than 

thrir inoJe of treating it. 'J'hrre ii, however, a native 

force and vivacity, which would have connituted dif- 

tinguifhed excellence. If the writer had coni!cri-endr<l lo 

hnve become an imitator of the antientn. An aOWKi- 

tion of originality has often fpoiled an ingrniou.i wnri:, 

by rendering it ^unint and difgullful. The greatefl 

beauty of his nrolaic writlngii, and a very val\i.ilile ex- 

icilencc it mnil be efleemrd, i.i the great and friioun ir- 

gard which he pays to jiiety and morality, and thai 

Ipirit of philofophy, which, though ol a melancholy 

kind, is ju(l and folid. 

A reader in doubly plenfcd when hr ran turn fiom the 
workRofadtilinguilheu writer, to lii^ life, with e(|ual com - 

itlnrency. In the lifr of l'etr;ir(:h we find a noble and In- 
dime fpirit, which induced him to prefer hi.n mufi*. hi<i 
love, and hi.** independence, to the f;ivourof a paptil dc« 
hiot. It I1, indeed, the gloiioUN privilege of grniun 10 
feck and to (ind iln h.ippinefi from its own trloiiuT;.. 
Kmboldened by the lonrcioufnefi of iti own ilien)>ih, ami 
frrling an indignation itt many o( thet hangrsandi Imikcs 
of this world, it ii apt to fpuin at worihlefi gr.in«U*ui. 
and to defpil'e thofc whom the niiiliilmlr ndotr^. 

Human natuie mull aUvay.'i h.ive an nbjeiM fulprtulrd 
in it<i view. The lovrly I.aina wait the olijrii of IV 
ttarch. 'l*he palllon wan ronunlic ; the idea ol hn r\- 
ccllencc imnginaty ; hut it Imd n happy inllucmr on the 
|inrt*:> mind. It callril forth the latriti liieoi' his t^euius 
u evercifrd hi.i line fancy ; and thoii;^li ihr port pon(.t 
his plaintive veric in Drainn whith alVriM our f'ynip.ithy, 
yn we are by no mc.un to conlidrr hitn n-j nnli;ippv- 
I'nr it is a truth (-ollci'U'd fioni lon;^ oIiIim v.ition on Ini- 
man n:iinrr, that tlu* pJiMlnir nl tlir iliair (ondll. in 
tlir pitirnit, not in the alt.iiinnent ; antj that ii i.% oiicu 
brttrr to eypri*^ ilian to rnjny. 

I brlirvr it i^ not on ictoni, tlint (hr p.ili'uMi lA' IV 
tr.irch wai niniinally giatifinl. li 11 ^'rnfiallv iIiimi^>Ju 
th it it brgiin and Iriiniiialni in im.));in itiim. Iiul yn it 
i \' impoflible not to lament, '!i.ii the oltji H oi tlir pon'it 
I f.iiuiful idolatry wn.i onr on wluLh he umld vwA \\\\\v\- 
I irntly plare hh MJlcCiiuii'. 



74 



K S S A Y S, 



No. I 



liUi 



■■ 



No. C. ON TNK rOI.LY AND WICKKtlN«)l 

or WAIl. 






Til K cntHiiuiiri HttniiUiu on n It^itn i\( wnr, ffffm 
ill luvr pirvrntrd ihr mind dt'iuMn (nmi virwiiig 
«l in ittr li|>)ii III f4n (tlilinility, ttnii itn i>l«jriM nl liiliculu 
Ml wrll Hh iiiiy. Hut i( wr (oiild rui>|Mi|fi m riijiriior 
Hrin)^ cnpulMr ol brlmUlinu uki niilrulilr ntoiuU. wi(h> 
out t(MnjiM()iiin. (hrir !■. T (hink. vriv lilllr iIduIh tiul 
ihr Vfiiiriy ol niiliioiv ntaiuruvirt Anil lunniiliuro, \\\0 
pinlr, |uimp, und t im iitniUntr ol wttr^ rttut aII (hr ln« 
IfrnipiM coniiivfinir^ lot ihr ^'loitou^ |uupiilri ol nuiliMl 
cii^ltiu^liitn, whulWrrm (iMoiilhiittiMhr liuliurU ol nuny 
wholr kin(;ilonn. wouM luitolli Inin wwU txw i*niriuin« 
inrni likr (hnt wituh \^ iririvrd |iy ui liont \Uc rsWiln* 
lion of A luM'r 01 m jutpprt Ihow. Hut, noiwuhltfUidih^ 
itir tiilu iiloiiliirl!) nl (til (liclr lolnttuitiri. \\r, A\^^t t a\0 
<it>ouir(l (o Irri \\\a\ lliry air lui I4111'. I>li( (iir tiiiuii" 
iDMuhl I iti (iinlhiiii rt (li fx iiuilt \M>ftil (ict^Milvi 

Tlir irtiili'i til \\(ti i\\r III tlir oidII )>fiit huh at iniiU 
•)i(^M«or fth iitiiiiKil |Mrtriiiini^.' in idtitncililVi I'l^ti 

{MMii iiiuHal-i, rlrv.tlnl with lltr ililUiit'litti i>l ci (.Miliirn 
KiuMr nil ihrn hr.tili litllril n itnwit, (:!.•' cilitmr »«( 
r.uhollirl, U'llliKiil iOiv ir.il>>ii. i<i with tin- \rn l'4il 
onr nl \villuii|' Im uii n|i(Mii iniiiiv i>f ifi'iinKii.'iiij* 
llirmlrlvr') l»v inrtl.nij' ini|iin«-l Ji ji- .Liiiniin. Thn 
liriMuiri nl tlir nunt. :ntil tin' l-ilmi; iinti nt chrt 
twOliMt. W Itn It 1 1' II III ill V liiiilt I till I nil II « III r nl tin' 1 ouK, 
triniir (lot It ti till II inlrii !M in lu|ipiiit tin 11 inyttl 
lltaltri. rttui tii> lli'\ri .It .\ Inl . I'l iii\iiit li>iiir in}ii|M> 
tllilr jtirlf'tn r ii*l cni'^ i-.;iii^; tlii' ii.iinn in tin Itniiminl 
W II . 'I .IM--. i>| llir iiu'll Imii ilti iilniiii' liini.iii Irv irij, 
Inlilin 1 iU i' inllitiril. In ;i-. In |r ivr d |i.iiii|tv ot htll 
li:iiiiliitni. ir\>r\\'. :ni«t nu ntijiitn nl*- luititil, innl f«| l:tl| 
lllirt II ni Iwnitv Uiniilinnl iif 11 iin rl iii a pl.tiii, ttn i 
fonllv Uiril r.iili ullu'i'-. |iI.».m1. wiihnui iIm' Ini.tllrl) nri 

louril ftnuitv'Uiy* 01 llo Ui.uU w il .t |Mi>vni4iiiiii. 1 Itn 

k«»ig». 



No. loo. MORAL, Siv. 



f > 



kitif*!!, in the mean time, and the f»ranil(*rs, who hnvr 
cmploynl thrfe luuir innocrnt vi^linn to Ihool liulirt-. ;tt 
r;ich others heads rcniuin quietly At honir, und aiiuiib 
themfelves. in the tntcrvrah of balln, hiiiitin;; Cchriiirs 
And plcafurcx of every fpecieii ; with HMdiii;; nt the? 
fire-fule, and over a cup of choi-olair, the diCpjiihrii 
from the armv, and the news in the Kxlrnordiiiat/ 
Gasettr. Olil Horace very truly ohfrrvrs, ihnt what- 
ever mad frolickit enter into the hradi ol kin};.i, it i« 
the common people, that i.i, the hunrfl arti/iii. and 
the indullrlous tribes in the middlr ranks ttttr^rni/rJ 
and »i9tnff'(tiiiiHg^ who chielly (uilrr in the evil lonlc- 
anencei. U the king of TrufliA wnr not .ii ihr head of 
iome of the hell tioops in the univn-rr, ho would I)(? 
judo;ed more worthy of bcinjr tried, call aiul conilemncJ 
It tlie Old Il.iiley, than any (lieddcr f)f blood who ever 
died by u halter. Hut he in n kin^r ; but hr in n hero ; -• 
thofe nnmeii fafcinate us :ind wc enrol the butcher of 
mankind nmon^, thrir bcnefadorR. 

When one r(»nfuler» the dreadful lirruninanccs thii 
attend even vi^lories, one cannot help brin^f .1 little 
flincked at the exultation which thrv ocrafion. I hiwc^ 
often thought it would be a lauj'h.iblr (ceiir, if tlu ir 
were not .1 little too nnuh of the nicl.uuholy in it» 
when a circle of eager politiiians have met to con^tra- 
tuUte each other on :i piece of j»oo(l mus jull arrived. 
Kvcry eye fparkleji with delight; every vi'ivc »:► uilrd 
ill announcinr; the happy event. And what is the 
raufc of nil ihiii joy? and for wh.u arr our witulowa 
illuminated, bonliren kindled, bell:. titn(r, and fcallji 
rrlcbrated ? Wc have had a fue^rf.lul enp,aj;.'inent» 
We have left a ihoufand of the eueinv ile.id on the 
held of b.ttlle, and onlv nine lumilird of om couiili)* 
tnrn. Cltarniin}( new:. ! it wa^ a rjuiinu-. b.Kilr •' \\\\\ 
before y<»u give a loofc to your i.ipinir'., pau(e a while ^ 
und consider, thattoeveiy on? </ iluir nineteen liun- 
\!red, Jife uas no Icfs fweri ih;iii it is to vou ; ih.d tci 
the far |;reater part oi them tlteie piob;)lilv wvw uive,^ 
/utherr, mothers, fon.t, driutrhtri-;, (iilm, bi other » 
.-nd friend.*, all of whom are nt tlii. ninincni br\v.iilii>f' 
tli.it event which oc^anons yonr louliib and bim.il 
wiumph. 

/■ i 'Wc. 



^6 ESSAYS, Ko. 

The uhole time of a war ought to be a time oi 
neral mourning, a mourning in the heart, a moui 
much more fincere than on the death of one of 
princes vvhofe accurfed ambition is often the fole cai 
war. Indeed, that a whole people Ihould tamely 
mit to the evils of war» becaufe it i» the will of i 
vain, fclhlh, ignorant, though exalted, individuals, 
phenomenon almoll unaccountable. But they ar< 
away by falfe glory, by their pafllona, by their i 
They reAet^l not) and, indeed, if they did refled, 
cppofe, what would avail the oppolition of unai 
m>riad& to the mandate of a government fupportc 
a handing army ^ Many of the European nations an 
tirely military ; war is their trade ; and when they 
no employment at home, or near it, they blulh n 
let themfelves out to flied aiiv bloud, in anv cau 
the betl pay mailer. Ye beails of ihe forell. no lo 
allow that man is your fuperior, while there io foan 
the face of the earth fuch degeneracy ! 

Morality and religion f rbid war in its moLve«, 
i\\\i\, and i'onTequences ; but to many rulers and 
lentatcs morality and religion appear as ihc ii»vcn 
If politicians to tacilitale ri:bordin.iii.>a. J l\-^ • : 
p.il o*'>vti of crowned h;■a^.i.^, and tncir minii.i- 
tho exifniioi: uteinpiie, the .uip.nieiit:iiii'n of.i r.\i 
4'r ihf »ir.nil»ilation of their rubjccta lil«cr:;.', i hii 
Itr.'.inis in iMr puiiuit ot tlnlr iil«jecta ,\.c vx: tlu^ 
morality and iclii;Ion ; bu: lolcly re.iUin . i^f' :la:e, 
ptilitical caution. PLuiiible vMirJ.<k are iitrJ. hj: 
are (.»nlv iiUd tu \\\^c the uct'ijrniits i»t i\f r^^,! pr 
pies. Wherever a wat i^ Jiemrd (iii.rable i»; jl:\ ii*.ii 
td \iew, a ipev'iiuM pictext never vei if:n.»i.u-.i arto 
Moraluv 15 M little Ci.'nriue:e.i in the be:^in:K:;> 
lit ihf j^roteouiion of uur. '1 he mcl^ lolenm trc 
.ind eni' tt^emeu::. a;o vum.;:i\! by the go'.ernir.i; 
«f the nation, with no nu're U;iip!:' than oaths 
bond^ :;re hri-ken h\ a t!ir.i: ..nd a villain in the v 
of private life. Doe* the dirVt:t;.vi' it ranlv and litu, 
make my J. lie u nee in t!u- .ii'i.'Li:y cf crimes 
an/, it fi-nder- a thou la:*..! lime^ ninrc criminal 
that of a t^sr:, the \i!l i;'v i»r them, who, l\v\;i»I. 
•".rrN la«rrd obliguiui L«et\vceii nuiiuu a:\d n:i 



N'o. 101. M O K A r,, M\ ;; 

give rile to mifcrir.i nnd nnlVliirr. moll ilhM»iriil in ihcit 
nnturo ; fliul lo whivh no liMiunn )ir\M r r-tn \a\\ thni 
fAr (IiaII yc pmcrcil aiul m^ f ii(hrr. Am* iint ilir iimIimiI 
and innrnl eviU of lil'c (ullirirnt, Imu iIp y mull li* 
mulcird moir iicim*, lUiMr iMimrKinc. nntl iiu ir n.^- 
hittrrrd by Artiruial nirAn<: •* Mv hr:ttt Mml' \'\rr tlinlr 
rnmplicAtCiI frrnrs ol xvir, (or uliirli iin rjMtlirt r.-iti 
lw» found (ulticicntly ilr(ri!|«iivr. I,miijmi;»jm' fail*, in \\ 
honring to ox pre Is ihr hoiicMs of w.ir .inii«i piivntp f» 
milicx, who arr lu unfottiinair n^ to 1m* liiuiM'-.i tMi \hc 
Irdt of it. 

War, howrvrr, it will l^** TiiiL In*, nlw.n'. hn n p r 
milted by I'rovitlrnir. *I Im« i^, imirr'l, iiir; Imh m 
has been only pcrnniinl .t* n rioinjv". I.'M m IjMMt :Mi I 
A^livity be fKcrtcil in irmil,iiinj» \\\v nuMal nl it n jnn i, 
rtfunl to thnt with whidi wat\ nml ill it^ iipiMi.tttf:. .tiw 
Mtended tti, antl ninniiinil will no hMtpn be Immim- I, 
neither will it be nn'fM.irv tn «'vu'n u** .in nn-'ii' rl w i 
mrmbers, lor none will {)<* <n|Hrll uml. I. i \i . i ■ 
CDrdinir to thonihiirnf n )mom<< Pi\iiwnl tin- I'l'ii'it 
Rgr, think Icf!! ol our llrrt'^ nnl amnr*-, nml nmn' • \ 
0«r faith nnd praClur. WInIr wo ai«' w "ninis, \\\0\ \\} 
our pretcnfions tu i'i\ili;uu(in, we are l.n. «(;'-<.. 



No. CI. ON THK i-.m-rrs ov iNnMPii? mk 
srv»nY t)N Tin- mM.rn, and c>\ ruu 
l»UTV ov PAYiNc; unjAKi) n) inr. PIU- 

."lURVATION OK III AI. Til. 



Till''. UK i«! in juMirial Imt linh- iIumjm t U ll !'-•«<. | 
(jualitioA and liaiMm (hnnM he ('aiiir«l (immtI'^. 
The moraliil ni;»y, for ihr hhiII |:nr, nMMnnuii'l •wiy 
Umlable ami nhtui pia'^iiv . witlituit pn-li iiliiii|> anv 
boumlr^ries to jmoIh tmi v. I Iw pii»l»al»iiM\ i , \\\.\i 
men will llnp on ihi^ tiilo, anil n-ii ih.u iln v will -n I-, . 
>onil ihr line of iliitv. Htii mi it i< imi.ihi (Imi iI\ii< 
arc lome ingcnuon.^ Ipirits wlm. ai'lnatril h\ n j-i-n, i,mij 
niiulntion^ aUvaiu'C in the j>iirliiii lA a ViWv^v^wvo v\ 



%^\\"\^' \mA\ I,' -tiUtssli'i-t;*. flit ctlsU'OI, 4it\: \iu/iiii;\ .>{ 

1" ;^ p:V-t.'li^ ^ :. *\\ 1 K't *..'. itt A-t^:'-^vl.-t(v .;^^J>tU'iiU^ti- 
' .-.i* 4»r \\: '^I* iS," \ i!\'i'* « I l'".*' .U »!•-*» ^K tV .\ \:«*^*t?IUt« ( 

\'.-.-i .u,t 1. 1 ('... *..\ \\«f^ .>.:•. ;.;iu. W.il'l \^f AM disJi 

\ i' . v. I.... ■. .', v'**. .«* •'•' I' :.!•■»,■. '.I ■» r;l I." »»;*.%»• i it 
I * V •. t- .■".,»» .1 » J . ,: .. I N\ ♦ ♦* il >' f »MU l*»i- W I \,ii»t 1 

iJ, I »•..•', *».». 'i i .' Ik i \\\*i i^i'i »•»■. S U'isU't I v.: ii»ii,i 

* N, » f«':. 4i»»'. ■• i'\-i:»' 1..' t'. ! lN%" 'l%ll!u«'i »»f »4Ui itii!t.-\ 



« \> ■ . ti. 



1M,\ 



i .1^ ill, .;•- Ik |i ,' .;!! t:i- ,ti. I'.U'U.i lN»' »'\''.'»»t, ii» \i «■ 

• >^^. •It t^< I 

I. K pi'. I .: ^. I ) . . • . ! i'* i:i ;« I t- . ;&: , %>.* 1 \ .\'- k*.' t .- «l 

ft'i! i*«»\'i; *, ., 1 I.'. I,*! I,.',;,, :i.',i |N, *■»'." ^ .-:» v*»,' ».^':»»» 

1 1»»" 4Vi'«' ,-•. i ■»,.■•.'■■ I *♦ *»^ * I.' . . f :. ii^i. %i ,»'■«•. i,'\«i. -.".l 
»' n..j«i'»'ii\., .!. *'»'iMi' ;i,,\: '.'i*.. .'. , ', .Uii;i iS, •^■iv»^^-. 






Nik ifii. MORA 1.4 ^f, 7^ 

fipprAtp fi« A Inrtilllimp lit flltirt/)tn^ nv* whfintit tintnit 
fiMililil** nf niir imti p(titrt«, Imhii mil hltiuitca, up iiti» 
tittMintniM, (tnil atnn^ tlir* fiiti'll« wit* m Imihti. with nil 
h^r tlinnrfftut |ifV4« ilpli|;lil4 In li« In i nltnitp. A (•''v 

lltPHifiit I'timpftniMiiQ In fitii- Wrtlk* will inifln il 

flliiindnnttv ninrp hpfthtifiil I fnr« n'Mtnlin^r m ili*« no 
lif'Mt fldn^p, tli'*y will Invf* inll'-ful mI rt i ntitffgr, m, m 
oOtPi- ivnt-il«, prHVPttt lliP fpilllti'Mi fif Irtii^iiP. 

|)pji'/U«iit (i| (piMt^ Iq d ipihuit I mill iitM'm p ni IttliMi- 
{•Plflt^ Auily 1 Imh iip|f»/iiiiii nf l|iiiii«« liHtif Mtntinti* il, 
( iitunt iMMfilt Willi liMfihli Alhi fi inMiiiifi|f (pt-ni in ri 
(Itilpt flp|i|i(fiiinit ilimt inmiiiMii, h will nltiu lip nrlii 
III il»>VMtP llie M'il ii( t)iP fjny Im itiiihI fninpnnv, >■')■! 
ihitiirptit p1**iftirMqi Miinc tq oni> nf ilmfp ttlpnliiti «, 
f>tti| lltp flMiil (1pli^ll(flll Um\U^r ••! iliF" wnfliirii lilitHl. 
'I'll** llPflM ii(ltii»q fit ill*' (iMiiiii t>l ill** IvM' 1 fii^ili fpiiiit 
piiiinniP tlif* vi'itiq i lltp i Iihi-U iW 'I* i»i*linii mo ilillipiiii il. 
flii'l tlif> fitiil |||itii'4 nifi fitii p Mi«ii»> Iil,»> titi' hill fifift A 
mill, in |li»* Mil" »-*pHii(" nl miKm. 

Ninfhirnrtl llii»li«'«, inn |iin(« nml imi i |iil>>tv « ••nliniir'.l, 
r»l>l(iitt frtil ti> iiiiiiM* titv f'\*-«4 !iMi| Muf ittti \-,iili ilii III, 

lllP wfnf|p ll"IVi«l|o (vlliiii. 'Dm V U Imi sll" ini|'n||«-il liy 

tipipftiiy (i) Wiitit iiv iiiuhi nul liv ilir, . iiiult iipli>f>i| dilt 
mil willi pnlii'iMi* I'l liiiMi- •!• Ititiv : imi iIih tif> «^|iii i:> 
tinftpi- fii \\t liiif^. (liMiiM I li'iin III IP I'- If ilii-A II III n iii-i|i. 
PNtinHllinu I'lil tiriti tli" Inlnnii nl ili" (I'llUv lUvi-, is 'i 
(jtpi i»'q III full V flppMifli Imk}' In itilinii V. '\ii>l, iiiil< ■ il^ 
I 1^ MftW tif II Milling itiiii*- tikfh Ik pi if I II 1 1 in pImi (<i iIi-mi 
iiituitippifiii» lltpl V« v.ith M'fitii ill t«ir-ii'-, <' 'iiii III fill, 
hipI wnnf **\ llf*' p. Ii <^iM, nfii i nM, !•» Imi •! pimi i niii 
full. Iff lldVP tii'li" llit|ii|(;li 'I ^« )pi|>- litti -ir-</. Mill III lilt Ik 
I'lll iitll f-V»<: :iipi Mill f*'i|(»n ill tin •iiiiijt- III |lti> liiliii 
rinliq piMlJM-r). 

I' Vf*l V 'if^M '*! I' '*''' will IIKll i III- iif ill llli 1- MiM* t| 
Ifpllpiilj III |»IIMill|l tlH Il>:tllll, \--> I ■ Il I. Mil I, fli 

fi-llllll ni»«livi-<, nii'l liM ill- I '! ■ '-I pi' I'll nil: Ilia 
f-M iillii'q MIpI pi >iI Mil III hi; Im ■ li( tlnl. •iniiiiiii" 'ill 

iHlliOl t f Wlt'l ), I I 'III II III li>'l|' I III II I ill;' , I 11 ii 'III -It I • III 1 1' II 
III ill** piffi'l VMl P)M III Ipil'li n 'Ml imp- il (nil •lull 
I flu lpi| I'M mI|* <'l I It'll 1 1 111 ! ••Ill II Ik I II t > • •iiiiiin ii'K •! 
IIQ n lllit V. Mill liiP " Mill II' 'illli M {M • III ,• 1 11 iiiii iMt II 

(iiiwi'i I liiici? wP nil riiiri int i ili^ wntlil \s\ ♦'w^-nm*' \u 



to K S S A Y S, No. irr. 

it\anv rti*Hvf rtiu! ncccrtaiy cmploywrnt*. »ntl fincf iht 
wAni ol hr.ilih will irnilrr U!i incupAhlc of'ihrin, I cau 
not hrlp (lunkti))^. ihai (hc OAtr ol' our ItCHJih iwtxy l^« 
mmtbrioil Anion^ ihr «luhc:tol' iiulifnrnr4blr ohlii^ntion. 
A ifMitui voniliuuion \\( hiv«)y h n olrOinj; of hcuvrn ; 
ciiui noi to hrllow ih(« uimod vi^MUtur in prt(crviMp a 
pr;)il ol 10 tnrllim;iMo a piicc« isi tt contempt of the 
i.iMi itn infuU on the (iivcr» nml A fprcic« ol impiout 

li % itMnmonlv fstu). (lut he who waiws the mlviie of 
p^\lM).ut^ in the ir^Miluion ol hi.x lifiu-il iliet, uher (he 
»\\c if ih)i(N, \\unt> a\\\\ inuletll.u>«lM\^ S a tlefet^^ which 
oo p)ufiii;:n 1 4u litpplv. It ilk iufleeil eeruiin. thiit, 
(i: il\r ayy of thinv, .1 foHiiient ile|»rec o!' expeiiciue 
of N\i;.;i ni;^v Iv ;»}MrrrtMe or ilifrt}»ree.-ible lo the eonili- 
ludiM) tn.iv h;i\e brnt colleiMeii. liut. rtlaA ) (r\v of im 
^^^e^^i!l^l1l» to i!o rtll ih:il we «re «Me ; few ol IM irre 
li' i:trntoe« lu ihe (iiil portion ol' life, to (he Antmal 
ii,.i»»:»n-, .IS u» irsnurk \\\\U rtccutrtev the cuuTes ol 
i!:. 1.' iliv')tt nuliipi'fifion> whivh are oeeaiioncil l>v ;U' 
iuliiiirti rMri\ in the e.«v anvl (hou^htlelH houi> «»f 
i.M.\nirt] rr;»'N n»riu. \\ i- fnliull to them, howevrr 
til- \ \\\:\\ itiiilri inire i\\r riMUlitniiiMi. tioin ttiei)%llv Awd 
b. »u'\ olrnt nw^lnrr.. We :.ie ;«pI lv» llunl*. th.»t it 
>M»»!*! Uc lOo ttlfilh to irfiHr (o p.n(:>ked the cnjov- 
i;u-nt\ ol mhri-. Mu trl\ lo jMelt t \ »' i»ui o\\nhe;»hh. The 
iin.'.mi;hl ;;ll.:'.il'i\ .luJ the Kimiii\'u> I«.iiu{ik*( .lU' ofirn 
li .-. loi :a\ to: il.»u own l;>kr>, tluin (lo.n eoo^l n.Uui*' 
;-.!;. 1 A i,'ij.'.l iittjv»Jit»otu luit, peil'..ip\. \\ \\c ion(ul(ie%l 
1*1.1 w 4 AW noi uikiMk.' \u\c K'\ oiudnc-. nu'ulv on o\;r 
o\\ r. ::\kt>uni, Imu tvM i«(hei>. foi oiu |.u(iUN ;\nJ our 
iSilJ.ii-n. t(M iUM turnil:« ;tnil tor the puhlu, we llionlJ 
iti<i iU-» m .i f\ni|Mi!or,v iei\oii to he.jiih, l'ouyJ\ it m.jy 
Icul U-. lo .-noiil ilu' fi\»ll :\\u\ the rexrl. rithri uni'eni' 
tou-< (•! nnliM.«l. li woiiKl uppeiU in the li;\ht of a \c\\ 
In iou> \l\it\ , ileiixeil tioni An oluvlieiue ti> the u ill iil 
hiM\en. rtiul fiom thr iriMiil we owe to mtr neiv'.hl>iMn ; 
;»nii we ihoiiKl l»e oM»e«'*l to ioiUcIn, that thr n(Mnin:iI 
ple.«Uiie» ol e\cel> oueht ;ilw.iv> to eixe phce to i\,%\ 

iluiN . 

A liiupiiloiK ien:iul lo henlth is. imlerJ, .i thitv 
incumbent ow nil ; Init. prih^pji, moie p.ii(ivuliiilv 



No. |oi. M O R A L« &e. Hi 

10 be AttendeJ to by the Itfarnnil anil ln|!enIoiiB, tii lUt.y 
are of all the mofl f\ibje£l io indUpnliliun. A delUatd 
frame la vf^ry ot'ien ainuiattfil vviili a Itrniij^ iiitrllrCt i 
aiul a lUe of iUtiy, though a life of labour, ia not 
adajiteit, like thdt of the manual labourcfr. to ^Iva 
eladictty to the mn ven, or vij^our to tht; aitiinal fuu^tuiiio. 
hut evcetllve eating, adilfi) to eniellive (ludy. iitult wear 
ihe inachine much more ihao thu luhltance of whith ic 
U conllituted can long[ rndure. If It iti not fooit broken 
in nieies, Itb wheeU will be tingled, lu f|Miitga biukrn. 
ana the whole rt;ndered ufrlejti and buitlimrtone, Ji i^ 
recorded of Mr. l*opej th^t he wHa an miniC'dt rate f'atfr, 
that he kept a filver fautttpan lo du'la (Kiintirti foi hini- 
ft*lf in the intarvaU ol hiti mcitU, aii.l iiut hi! dittii oi .1 
fkiiicepan of lam preys. 

Wiurever part ortht^ ryllcin of liunian uHairb we t'v.t 
ntine, one truth appeurK to pnvade liic wlnile nunpli 
rated rnafu, which iba that ihetd iitft br- urithti wildoui 
nor happinefs, nor even enjoymi^nt ol ihtf lutjori-linatn 
kinds, independently ol nioileiation. hi the moll rt? 
linrd and elevated part of our cuiidui^t and putlulf^ 
ilir inmo truth is no Ictlii vilihlr, ihan ih ihe liiwt'r otiti 
liaiiona of lummon life, Swrt-l are iht plea/mcs ul lun 
ceinpUiion, dpligliifid ilii^ t-vririlii iil i\w nnnd in 
reaoiug and rfllrfliiiii ; but on pU aluir, )iov\evtir purr, 
mull be invariably puilufil, nil we mc iiiuovtil iii(ttiii> 
world of fpiiiraj and are euftbled 10 tnjiiy iuiclli Mu.il 
delighti) unaUoyed and unioterruptLtl* 



No. CII. UN Tllii I'KJfaiiNT tl T.ii I: tU 

UUNVhHslAU U)N. 



^^I'^il KU !!*« iti, pt*iliapii, no lui-ihoti ot iiiipriiuiij* ttir 
X mind more tstiiiaiiuub, uwA Lf-riHittiy uuiu* in.ii. 
agieeablfi, ihan n nniiiii^l ni(f*it Itcoigii ol fruiiif-iii-. u. 
an elcgani and HuimauHl HiuvriUiiMa ^iili wm iiii..i . 
the juijicioutf, ilie bamt^il, aii>l 1)1^ i nnuihih^ mtt . 

Iii($ht and lit»il me. rllijlt-il by llir ixlhlliHt (>( min.i 

'i'iUtbfi v^hiih appfartfd ilull in \Uv UAimdimi \\i: !Ui l\ , 

i. ,- 



li B 8 • A Y I, No. 101. 

•r« no (lidncr ifilitttd in eonvtrAitloni thin thty illtiA 
tht mind wlih in« ItvilUtt ImprtAloAf. And It U mit 
i'lrcumllAnt^c whUht in i pMuUir minnvri rfcdmnMMd* 
tht mod(» of ImprovumiAi by mutHAl diAsottrriy thtt cht 
foelat NflVelioni art no UA powcrAtlly tNtritd Mid 
04if ri:IA?d« ihun iht pow«n of rtifon. tty tkt dM^loy of 
bothi ihi heart and tho undttrilanding tro it onto 
improvfid. 

Bueh would bo ibt dufcHption of bim who (hould do* 
flv« hl« idiMi on thtf AibJeA from a choftn fcw» or ft'oiti 
hit bm)lcf • But lat him confldtr eonv«rfatlon ai it roally 
apntfari in th« living worUli indepandantly of th«or«tU 
cal and fpMulitlvtt rcAnrmenty and I f6ar» thai| InAaad 
df flnding It alwavi a(t«nd«d with lmprov«m«nti it will 
oA«n app«ar to film a f«rill« fouita of oorruptlon and 
drgrneracyi 

A younu man who hai luft Ir A hU fchooL full of iho 
Idfii whl«h th« p()«is phltorophuM, and nlltortani of 
aniluulty fupply, will probubly bid adUu to tli«m ait 
at ihk fame iim« ihai ha uk«ii Icdva of hU maitrr i unl^fi^ 
inderdi hli own ehoka ihould Ifad him to rultivata an 
iiC(iut)lniHnt'i» with ih(*m in prlvati. HuppofV him in 
nrth Ifoni till* (ittcuit u) dn uttivfiiiiy, Tltrtf*. If hr ha» 
it>iiii« hr will (if courfti (rck ihn lontntiuy, ntid iml<i(< 
thr nittntirrii^ cif t)to(ii who {'tinifU a Ukr (jiliit, Aiid who 
itrr rtUti crlrhtfitrd aii ttirn nl frtOiUm. Thr (cMtvrtfdilon 
will lhrirfci|c«(utnit|innilte (ulijc^l of hcii-((<4, dcij^^iilrjiik* 
\t\&i (lrr(lirt|{« clrbdtiilioyi of ifijoliti}{ (h^ ctlit {^rnllrniAh 
At iMimi* cmt cif hin wumt^y ui he* (prut it* thric IftiuUlilv 
putpi»{r»i or nf tiinniMn in drbi whh (rnlMlnii* und ittt* 

IdHlMUlf Urttlrfttirit ^'ludl Will liff llli* (ut>lim<* ((i»M<*m- 
plrtlinuN, nttti lltr pliil(»l(iphiiHl (npiMof tliUotiiU lit ihif 
lAinrtI Nirttlrniic tttcivrn on iht> hnitk* of ilir l.'ftiii ntul 
lh(i Ifi«i Hnd in tlic* (iImuiIi) of (tinitr nt\t\ ihrnlovy. 
I'.vrh do^tor4« ptofrfUtm, liitor«, ciiiil IrHurriM, htiluflii. 
otifly aviild itll topic n fnttiir^lod with tli0 fprtjr^ of 
Ir4thln|f find ftiriuc* whiih (ttry pM»(((o« Atul inc (I 
ai^irriilHy (Ottdi'firtid to rxptititttr, in ih<« tomtnon mikI 
ioinhiitftlioit room, cut il(t)f«« hutfrA, (ttid nil the* t^M 
fittril nmitf^ittrniii of (Jiftnirt nitil Khfiilyciim. Not 
biit (hfti thrti* ctir* M frw \\\\n Inkf A plrctflUP ill «on« 

vciiirt|{ on l«(icu i bu( ihry (trc (uliury mottftUi AOti 

thcinklvci 



No. lot. MORAL, ke. 

iUtmi'clvei are ftigmati'/ej, in che cant language (if the 
place, wiih che iMiiie ui .^utAJits^ ami llieu* lu.iVuiU- 
tiuii» iviili iliac iii ail iiiluH'cralilc lluit, 

U our ingenious yuuth lltuultl he liHuljilaiiied fmiii 
the nuriery ol' a liJujiil iiiin ihe army, hn will liiul ilic 
convei ration, in alinolt every refpc^i, hiiiiUr lo thai ot 
the univerficy. 'I'liere H'ill, imleeLJ, be ihib (lilt'cieiiir, 
that ai letiem are nut the purliiulAr liuliiieltt ol a iiiili 
lary lil'e, they will lometimeb lie ihe topic* of cuuverla- 
tiou among military mens whereab, in the uiiiveiliiy, 
ihey are entirely laid aliile, letk ihcy lluiuld luliji:^t tha 
academic to the imputation of pedantry ; an inipuiaiiiiU 
deemed infinitely more dilgracdul, ihiin that o/gcniccl 
ignorance and falhionable dehautheiy. 

bhould he be intioduced into the loiifty of noblei 
and lcgillaior», he will Hill lind do^» and horleb, wiili 
all their lonconiitant Ipuitu and aniuk-menik, the ta 
vourite lopicb ol diiiiturie. LiU'iaiuri* would be wnU'd 
dulnela \ morality, nreaihing \ pliilniupliy, lumlcnic • 
and religion, hypocrily. I lib I'luio ami liia Tully will 
avail him liiile at ihe C'oLtpa, at a hoilc-ian'i hi a 
gaming- lable, in ihe Hud, and ihe di>g kL-nmrl. Suili 
places are the ulual rclorib of ilu: htiiiii'd ami lalltiuit- 
able pan of very great men ; ol ihnfe, whtun ilic yiuin^f , 
allured by the brilliant y of their laircr, would be nmil 
likely to follow. 

l^et him proceed iu hit enijuiry afirr ihia lehneil ami 
elegant (on^erfaiion, iiuil lii(|iii'iii, uiLonling lo ihc 
afual inteicour/e of neigh bouj hood, the houlca tit ihe 
rah, the rrfpe^table, and Ulhionalilr, in )>iiv«ie lih . 
'i hey Ihall be prrfoOb of ienle hiui virtue, and \c{ no- 
thing Ihall pafb in their conveifuiton from whuh ahy 
€»{ the boaited advantages of it Ihall Iu pen rived. I or 
what, imieed, are che nir(hodb of pdlhu^, lime, itnioii^ 
pcrliiUb of the belt i't:|iuie ami {^riiiicKit miiiliiiiiii^ 
while they ihink it indilpenfably nenllaiy lu imtwi: Ju 
ihc voriiH ol falhion r Noiliin^* y^axyv, notJiini;; atiltnid-, 
nothing fprculaiivt' j no inoial usakwm or (liiual ir 
inark, would he ailinlllrtt in a poItU' cinle ol pulilr 
vi/itrirb. Thcie ib cviiitiiily .ni nm-aiinelb, a /ilnui^ hti 
awkwardiiefn, a vacuuy, till (.ndb aic iiiLKjduiid li 
ii not II k4rlh diliiuauwn ul moiluu lUtiuncu lu alliri. 



ttuvtf ft ii|;hi If) (i|l0pm« Utcii0 «i|t|Kiit« 0) tio i«ci f(t(W itii 

(ttiy ittlH^ (Itat tUfoiy^* fho tlAtt««* 1)1 Mhtic»»l fliMt )ci|»ciii 
•(il« »iMiV0»U(l(tH. *rit0 lim<^ (if A«Hi< n fill <lio mc«(l 
l^fltl (|M:itl In |(;)l0fll|Hg iUn ilittlttlfilt »tcw« c»( itip itav i 
III mtt<« itlAl wMltimf »(1li(#c|lic:itt0 ««» iiMin('tl«c)i) I it« 
fdtlitg, tlnHkirt^, <ih4 c|vtwHiM|) (ho wlti»lu M'iitt «vliul 
Aittl i|MAttHtl»i, Ail ihi* Miay U«( v^iy iHiKUc-nt <ttiit 
|t|c:aMltl A* <l t<iU|r(i(UlH « itnd ihd rtitty |H)|rti t tN<ilMl«ii« 
i>4 ttt<l( thtf ()i0«io^ «tf fOHV^tlaticiti Itcim wItUtt tiH pi («%■«'!' 
mMi< U M Il0 •Utivcti* U Milt ftU«M fcmiid tti iltc^ |M«^Uttl 

(VlUlH »ll viU(tH|{ fiml tcMIVOlfiHg. 

t ktUlW HrtC wllPitul-«UI» WliMt(« W«t0 tl0 tct it.ik 11.0 
f«ut»<v<(f nivit U% iUa p|il(f-l)iitiU4 %Vilillcl t»o cfilniii til 
fihtihtg ittrtt (i)ii ii(iimV»l(^« h*\m «kltiit«« |tttilfiftt|ttic i» 
MifiMtt) ii»« (ii M«ii»h mitifll aiut iiiMlU/ltt«il liuitratC'liKM 

la t»-i*iVt;tt, tl 1*1 t lltiltU^ ic-ttlfliUc-tt tty (iilttt- c !«<:«« hil 

v<f\\i ittiit (It*' »iutt)iaMv ii( %\\^ cliijiv m uttC' dl iltt.it 
ftall.", in ttfi|'»« fi( liitiitn^ aiHiing ilti-lh, fhni fU^nhto 
fititl |iltlltifii|i}ti( 111 (|Mni of (tMt\»i(^ wUUh li«^ tint! lit 
t !itit litiij^tii rtit|ttti{j •iih«-i», itifli tiiMliiit|t tv-aa ifilktfit ( I 

\^ illl <i|i) o|<|l(it«-tll AlllltlAtiiMli ImiI llt«i flAVditl ff l> c- 
« t ni'i i*. I Ut fiiifc- i« lilti I if till liftiti>. I lie* I It tint U <>l 1 1.4. 
I « w I t nil , 'I ml ili^ oht I lie III I III I lie- t lii»« I 1 III |i , 

lliitiitl, • riuii'ii (III liliill iiMili-ll « iMMM nl tllnliiili-'' I 'iinl 
itti li , tnt> I I lilMC'tl iIm)\ U\ till t nil j» I 1 III I ^ nil llt»- lit % I 

1:11 iiiiiid in lit inp«. llftlU. Aiiil itiiiii'--'4 • I'lidiiiiii li tl.i.: 
tl Imlft I I tliw iltii iini (t* III n l\ lii|>iiliiiiil I tiiiililiti^: i f lit* 
III ill iii'ii.i » »if iiianl* iitil If ftii li lit ilic- I nfi ( tt t ,iit. imi 

It! !• II II tit I I It it 1 1|^ III 1. 1 ill 1 1.1 (lit I f 'f »■ lit I I Lit 11-11 l» r .III . \ 
III l>i- (iiiiiitl III ilii- iiitiiiiiitt I II. I-.-, «t liii nil. iiiicii Kill 
i:tfit|»ti| III »-i|iltvil|iiti. Itl It filili- l>i|i||ilil|:ilit:t lilt 11 
It III 1 1. II III--' ttilll (lti\ I iMifitIt I .iMt. :ii|\ fllilijli- III lilt liiititt 
(I lilt till 'I :i 1 » 

1 1 |.^ f -iiil |l at ;i i ( It l-i III f i| t< it Ii III liiiiulil I III- I I Mil 
|- II. I • f iVilitiliill ttillt iitii • III. mill (fill it iiilf. , -.iiiil tt|ilt n 
I I.I ■■( t>itiL,iltli};liliilt«itiili'iifiii liniiiiiiii ttlititiia 
lit I I nil I N il*'- III 111* Utllint ' I lull lit t .\t|i||(ii|i till lift 
tt.ji*. iliiii:ili lit |<niit It t (I ill •ItiiiUttt^t tt Im ti lit ildl 
(f I • . 1 1 II, I I ■ -.1 ii I « , iliJt It. 1 1 III I t> n-> i liliKi •! Ill ttiitit\ 
i •' !•• I In .•! I II iiKli t« lilt ii i II I II III it till I f I III. t I h Iff 4 I It 
I I. tl >i..|iiiii^ Iti|i.iil'i.il, ili.il III- L'l-iul tittup litti iiitiii 

mil 



Ni>. it)a. M O R A L. Ire. »?f 

cut ut' Ilia uiiuitli thitc iiighc lull ttut ^\ 1110. f.ei it, hih^. 
itvcfi, ho irmeiiihtfit'it hy itiofc: wiin hiiiii* luili iiiiUiuv^ 
ill llicrir iiv\ii juiiilualinii, itiac lUti iiiutt} nt .Viiililitn'* 
[ftcituiiiuy w4k, 4 iM(ur<il ililluli'iiic^ in tin? itHii|i<iiiv ol 

Uiitlil^tila, (O lillllllla wtiiill llU (lutli hln )*l'th llli'l>- fu*rly 

iJiitii hd mi^lii iiilit-iwilr )i4\0 iliiiif i milt ili^i, ftiitiiii(« 

4 iluiicll U\\, Ilia iiiaVFlliiilOl) V\iu 4( OlUi: llli|*liil It 2( 
4111I itrligtutui, 

111 luiiic kiiiliiii it ib |HtlliMti tti hit H vnv r^trlti-i.t 
t'iMiipaiiiiMi ^vuliiiut uumiiig 4 liitylo liiiihiii iti, en 4 
liitgid \^oiil uuiro lluii i« liCirllAiy tn lt'|u:.il ilic; in.iii, 
hi tlieitf, iiiilkVil, ihit mt III 4 Switi, itu; huiimiM if a 
ijuiii, 4m) ihct liiu' iiliiluliiiiliii-a) fjUiit nt an AJ.hi..ii, 

wtiahl itiit hii iU't'HU'il hrtli III 4|^ic-'ii4hh- 4a ihr |Miti«l 
lt4lUIJ»l i4lc ot him ^vlui iilUhta nn iKuiia, t^ui l.lt-iitiv 
ilia 4iiil iiihiileii 4iul cxiialra, iliiuiigli a luho nf i t.i . 
\Uc liiuiKc ai ttihai'Li). 11 iui^ti pnliiith iiif |iltit.*i|ii|>lii 1 -^ 

Ihltf liii^tll Uiil-la hiiin thlil l4lllUliliiy« tlial \Ui ^ iii.r til,' 

iiili'i(iU-i itM') ih4|<iM4a. 

Ill [|W hiwc^l liillka ill tllcintiillil W0 IHIllt ilnl r^pn'l 
lr*|iucmcl'.(. l.ihciil 4ltil lil|'i*l)iuUa iitiMj liiiilt ||.\.: 
h.clt i ulU I'ki'il h\ lc^(liliti{|, hi fiiiu i'ii|i\ri i iliuii I til ti>- 
A.lvrtiitiii (ii llict )iiMlrktUm III ^lilili 11 la I «i|i.iliii'. \\ c 
iia%llt\ (l)i!ic K>U' ii.tfhiii itiiili! iU-ri\'ta wliiih mill. I u.u 
i.tiil^ \ii\t lu'cii iup|ihiil. NVu Hiet ihi( |tii|i|.|i.'il ti 

iili.lliln, ItitiU', aii.l hulllriili-, ill itli: Imluly ut llu: 
^ull^rtl, illlil til itmla \\\ui Urk iuh'il liDIII hii il\ 1(» 
liiUil, Iti ludllo luillll) ctiul illiti;li:i'tt:»l iiltUiy. tlni lltnl 
• i'lltlMa W lu) \\ti\li im|llliVi;il lIlCM li'iihUii rtlul wtlil ll.tVi*. 

.nliiic tvi all itic; li tiin-liuula ut liili Ih I'tiiiil ))!i- iluu-, 
ihiiiilij lU'i'ltfit lilt' iiit:ciiia t*l lit iiiiikti atli'itui.itut iiiitt 
l.iilalakMinU da lUiglli h»: tliM 1 1 t'll hulll i iMt vc I I iltiiii |i|ii- 
iu-il\ ituuluttoil, la 411 atUliluiiial liiUuiii t! tit tan U'llv, 
III ilihi t'ttiiliug lilt: liiiill tili\ liiila liuaiia til iih|ii ii\ nii^ 
iUii hii|»|>iiirU ami iiiii iiiiiihu>>ii. 

I Liit>u it lliHV hi: \,i\At that, as icla^aiitiii it ntit'u 
C I' |)iiiii iprtl uhjrt't tit 11(11' iiiuiiial iiiii'it iiiiili:. (iiuuJti 
I .iiivi;i Ifi^uiii a llmlvj aiul iht: ilhu't nl t.tic ait«l iiii Jiia- 
(tiMl, ia l>) t)t'U-.il i(a (illl|ui|t:. lllil let i( hv i iiiit-iil ■ 
ht'iVil« that lilt: iiit|iitiVi iiitiit:i III ttm\ rii.iiiiiii uhult ( 
irw iuiiliii llii, ( iiiili Ihiilr iiu 1( h III riti li aU- ilii- pltMliiu: 
tli4ll the iliUaiila^c lit it. 1 iCktMiiiuci.il iiii ihltii. I.. 

1 WW 



I 



t6 E S S A r 8» No. loj. 

no improper folemnity, or diragreeable formality; bot 
cafe, elegance^ policenefs, anited with fenfe, taile^ learn- 
ing, and with a communicative difpofition. Cards are 
not difapproved in general ; nothing, however light, 
while it IS innocent/ is totally prohibited ; and all that 
I contend for is, that, where circumflances admit, and 
in a proper alternation, literature, the fine arts, natu- 
ral and moral philofophy, hiftory, and whatever exer* 
cifes the better powers of the underftanding, fliould con- 
tribute to fill up the many hours which we ufnally fpend 
in company. Thefe things would often preclude infi- 
pidity, fcandal, gaming, and intemperance. Such would 
be their valuable effedU confidered only negatively. But 
they would do more, they would exalt and refine the 
human mind, and would prove, what man fo often 
boafts without exhibiting fumcient proofs of it, that he 
is an animal not only focial, but rational. 



No. cm. ON GOODNESS OF HEART. 



WHOEVER has made accurate obfervations on 
men and manners, will eafily perceive, that the 
praife of goodnefs of heart is ufually accompanied with 
an oblique infinuation of intelledtual imbecility. I be- 
lieve him to be a well-meaning man, fays the malignant 
pancgyrifl, and if there is any fault in him, it will be 
found rather in his head than in his heart. Nothing 
could be better contrived by a crafty and envious world, 
to render this amiable quality contemptible, than to re- 
prcfent it as the cffeft, or as the companion of folly. 

It is, indeed, true, that innocence and integrity are 
nfually accompanied with fimplicity ; not, however, 
with that fort of fimplicity which is fometimes fynony- 
mous with folly ; but with an amiable opennefs of 
manners, which had rather lofc its ol)ji»cHs, ihan obtain 
them by deceit ; which leads the tongue boldly to fpeak, 
what the heart honeftly conceives. If wc weigh the 
fatisfadlions of an open and upright condu^, of a clear 

coofciencej 



No. tov M O R A I. Ar. tf 

rntift if nee>. Nnd of thnl lihrriy wtikh wn nijov hy think* 
'w}i, rp(»«klngi Hhil A£Un){. wiitioul mfmi fitMl fn vitp rr- 
llrfiiiUfi* it will, t lM«tif»vr. bf lotind. thnt (hi^ (imnliiity 
it uur wiTilom, and that thr rutiniti|t nf the wmtiiiy wilt* 
in itaI ftnd rgrfiuiffiu^ imprHilrnri*. 

(^iHiilnrh ofliPrtrt, wltfthrr It lif « iiiititr«l or fir<|iiirril 

rinodnpld, In, inHvf il« In «vi»ry r«rpf«0« tlir hifshrll wililniti. 
t in thr only (iimlily which ritn reUun htimiin nntufn 
frum the ilir)tr«cp iinil tniltry nC ttp wrrivhril wpiiknrllrji. 
Ami it9 pnwriful tfn«l9nrii*ii to rvtl. Ii rMifu thr pmir 
wnrtii« thnt oihfrwife cMwIt on a (iMnghill. nnd (ling* 
Mml bilf*ti hln wretchnl cntnpiinion*. to nn pKAJtril pUiir 
in the fcAtf of bringi And (AulrB him tu AfliintlAte witU 
thp divine iiNlurr. 

I (liAtl r^hiliik tn myyoitthrut rrqilrrv, whofe hfrtrto «rc« 
yot (urccptihU ol' whAtrvrr liiAi* thry chuff* togtvp lhrin« 
two chArA^pn : in oni* of whhh AppPArrd goodnrf* iif 
livArtt And in the nthrr, woihlly wihitim or cniininfr« or 
fhi* Art of pIfAfinK for ihn (Akr of profit. If Aiiy out? 
flonild hpfltAtf in chufin^ whrther of thi* two fliAlt Im 
hi« mndrl, he nerd not hrfitAir At br^innini; a rrfnrniA' 
flon of himfeif, for he inny dropod upon it, ttiAt Iop owi» 
hcArt flAndn BceAlly in nerd of AOipodmrnt. 

Srrprnd (for iwvU trt Ud fiippidn to Itr hift OAmr) hn* 
prrfMAded himfrlf thAt he (rro lAriher into thing* thro» 
the fell of hi^ lpprip«. \\v conliilrrfl rrlij^iim a* piirll 
ciaH, mot-AJity API the tnvmhon of politutAnp. Aitd 1a(Ici 
And literAtnre aa the Atnulrnipntp of fmiU. fii« phihi- 
fophy» Add aII hin lipltri- putlutiq Atid IdpA^. Arp cir«utit. 
fcrihed within limits r.>«npmrly narrow. rirAlutp ntiil 
intrteli Are hln chirl ^"od* hio ntitv otijotM* of IriiouA 
pnttuit s Hhit in the AttAinoirnt of tnrfr hn oi not iirn« 
piiloiinv dritt Atr. 'I*hcrp i«« itolrrd. no virtitp ot jiooil 
i|iotlirv. ihf ApprflrAnm nl whn h Ur i|iir« iml rtdinnr « 
|ir>i flule« while niAiikunl Arn wnfli* rnruijsli in )uil(}r nu*\ 
rltrroi mrn Aivotdin^ (n tniMitt rfuil ri lt}!ii*iiq pirjiidn r*. 
n p)'iii(t|i)p npprniAnir \9 rilrniinlly nrii-(Uiy lo linirU 
in lilet l'.<itfrnnl tin rni y i« hii in^Jwi) aimi. 'iinir- 
lily or liMind ptinupirD would htil irtnni Ihq putpiilr«. 
IJompAfhoo hp opvri li It. ahiI io npinlly a i\ta\\yr\ lo Iovp 
and Iricndihtp. lhutijL;h he \ti a1wa)« pudcHui^; ihrnt m 

priioni 



t* E S S A T S, No. i?5. 




h'< coniViv*rof. he h?.< at l«rt, in his f?iK:h ^car. o>- 
i.?irc*1 ioiro promotion, and accun)u!atr>.^ a h.':rk::V»r'? 
iV.ni K-^t norcv. Pi;t he on ret op ov ii now hr i* r*:*- 
iVjic*: of :>. Thr nmr jjiccJv iV'rtTir.frs which lai'C^t 
hin U"* ^ici^alip his foul in rnrfi:rir. intrrrrt ar*,^ rrixr.:^ 
f r.uihofljior, :lill oprraio> on hi> cor dud, and rrr^'fj 
hisTi a ccmnVlc mWVr. J houch he h.is lorg rr;.^ic»: a 
i\*!v;^cirr.*} . hr rrvrr had ljvr;t cro-^h ;o r.*r»:-\. 
lie \\i* ;;:"M'd oTthr cvpfrcr. He hR:c^ hi« re\-.:i*^r«, 
lvo.':i;-."o ho ihirk* t^^rx cvprc't hi« t'.Tiure at hi* i?ooca:e. 
Wr hn< r*aoe r>o ira! t"ricrd*» thooph he ha* olece .^cd 




• <i^ «■«•• • * • \ \ ^ \ \\ %» \ ^ m III »«••?« .■^■^(■k • • 

. .^ . .i\ ii • V. • .1 r»* I . ^ I , ,» . ...... I . .r »* » s ■ ■■ * 

n; .' ^" :\ * . n i .■ 1 : c*'. . ". "'* c * u; r. o i • ;* ■.■ s'c: :■ : :n ir ' r r'. w ." .": 

•• -■!«■ • ■ 

* 

^\*;:\ 'siLi'i: im : *,' v *' . .' ■.\m «•; oJ r .-t. '"c : ■*'* '■."•-. 
V hen '.*^e ::*.". ' ** •> . i* '•^•'.'rr ri**** • . ■• . ":* "W." . 
Gi'po:::io:i bt/.;-x* o/: i- ..i! •.;« ho;*;.l »cr, •■» :^. V»: 
ti" f !v i . { ■ \ u V i^- S h o t v\- .- 'UT. V :o .. '1 ,' ! .: v .; ';.•". * . * 
u;i". hi r:el\ V\ ;)v- •;:"! ?,'::S.:::.' • of T:**. ■« »' *%:. 

arol c \ c V ;v,** .'.r. :i / -. » . j ^ ,-. ' w .. \ < ; ■ ." •■ r .i : o • r • » ; \ : r " - 

■ • 

n- r r , »« ' v^ ^ • .' v ■ '.■ I* ; . ; o\i in t h .* >% %■ - ; ^ :" * . \» "' •■ . 

■ .. • • •** - % • » jw* ^ i*l"i* •* ■ *^ ♦-^••%•% ^ • 9 

* • • •■ .. ■ 

» ■ . ... 



••I •■««.&■ ( 



N(i. 111). 



M () f( A| 1 , iti 



.iffd.MiiJii i Ijui it ib iik'li Aiuiic iiiuU ituvtiuti)' hi lit Ac 

|i|M itii:>)> 

.'<Uii|']|ilil:> ^aa llic iiili t,t |iitri!|i(4 K^lM'tllkiitilii U'l lli>: 
I'iLiy atiil ii^lfiiiitiliy ii| liti h lUi.'ft. l|.r ililIviiI a lili. 
f ill ctlui dlltiU 111 Itj lliitlt I (ilii|i|L-liLlilUi: ftiflll, fiiitl tiitiii'l 
C^Liy iliii|.il iliitllt.'liliit wiiji ll lie i!t|iw«:tl ^iilil liiii'i I, 
.lull titJiii it!a Jiitfcjillil , t liii|iljiti:it tiy I '■•iili|i|i: dt liiiliii'. 
;Mi lild «li li* iiu liliiilijluiub kVtii: j'l .(•iiiiilly liiiili:tl !(• .i 
ti>ilu lit |ii'i fi^'llltii tiy till: lliliiit i:iii i: lUitl |i:iii|i(-|<iiii i: i.l' 
liiw lilt, i li) itiii (Jiclr <il>>t i'illiii. Ill lii^ l.Uiiliy, ill vviiii It 
liiJi tci^tiiii wnn jiiiiit lii liliii ^liilu 4 tiI'Vi liirtl iKil 4 
i'liiil lllttt < niilii iiiliVii^il Itiiili: III iHl)tili|ii 1 i li 'I ^ii> 
i I ci liUtUil ill Ilia }iit:|i:||i c. Hi: hihuH'iI i 'II I y , hIhI 
lil.f.ol ttu: ilirtuli.-ii tit liU ludlt III liU:^liii}f It liiiilk 
dUiifitiiiS V^nliiHIi III liL'-iiily, ti iili:, ninl |i:|t||irl, tiUl o|' 
Itlili: I'l nil tiiilime. '1 lu: ()ii\;^ti itliit Wile iiitli i,t liiu 

utijUt Iftit^licil aii>l iiiiicil. MiHjiliiiuji Itiivvcvi^ii lirfil 
jicvcr nny itdtuii tu it^iicm. liio iIiiMkh nii: iiia iliict' 
Ucli^lii i Itui lie lijfisj tija iiiLitiU i\i()i liiiiMi: tint Mil 

iijtciittjia hilci'.X'UiU i Hliil llii-lt: U liii tjUiii^a lit iiillnU 
wIiIlIi liu ilupb hill jiliy mill iclii.i'i: In llic lull i<t liU 
|<liWcl. 'J \\C Mlllittili^iiLli tit lilj iii'iiiliitb^ (tliii iIil: It:- 
^iltdliiy iit hi& lliiiiltlt'l, l^iVC liliii lliu rtilfillit-il!': (if ilu- 
JtiMi:!^ llii: Wiillt ill Vi'lili ll i .tii li Mulii Itc iii)i|iliLii liy rtny 
UUl Miy {Jill 1 1 y. Willi lliia |mi\v« I tnl m:i i 11111111 II 11.1111111 li« 
lirid hIitJi: Ilia iVity III riiiiiiliiU-^ iiiul rii]ii)o liio lilt n (a 
V^llti i\iC lllli:ll iclilti. li !:>, lliiKr.t, liin li.lillli.ii •! l-y 
Pliy iL'th ^''Illiii lit lliiiiti I liiiiiti 4 I't fiitiiiii|: tl I It' 'll 

iiciyb jllljl CUiU'il III llii. lli.iil |i..lil I'l ttMiliifll li'lili- •lint 

I iiiitiliijli tiliiiwlly . 1 li: ll ill IV lit iiii til'lM|iii(h;a i im , hi 
iLcil, lit; t- liliil lliu hi I 111 lil»: 1 I'i V |il.iiii iiii'l I 'll) , fili'l hy 
liif liicalia till ll db ii.<|lilii t ilu: |>i> . i |i|o iJ ii Kliii liliii'* 1. 
Ilia lii-fii i din I Ilia iiiiil< i it iii>liiij'^ iii r Imi li i:ii i 1 li iii } iiii>i 
(•I li|.i ld(lii|! V^llll I (II ll lilliil^ lilv.: I ••ll.itli'li ll lillii I't 
li>i}i|iilii:l.j llii i'lil'li ilii Mil' LiV I'dilijiit liiiiin t III i: lli>i 
111 di ( tins 111 t ll >t |itijit|iuil lj'iii>[; xt iiif lci:'tlilL. li nil! 
liiilia Iti liiilililt^ itiiil ll' ill i\liii -'.III !•• Iiiiiii 
In: allit'il Ht lihil tiy Klntiiil} hy dMln • , I' 
illli i-', I'l 111 lll>' llitllli: lit llld III I'.it liii iiii ,. 
iiiiili luiii l: v\11I (diilt; llic Uiuiihi^ i<l llti <•• • 
lkVi.L-U:ll UiiliMv, lib Lliu t|.iy liub Li^tli tlillln iillit>l li/ 
Miiiluuilcd liiiitliiiiu. 



|. <!.> Ill 

III! ill I 

I' •lllll 
ill i liti 



I 



t}d ESSAYS, No. 104. 

Whatever the fhort-fighted votiriei of avarice and 
ambition may aflcrt, there is no doubt, but that real 
goodnefs of hcnrt is the noblelt ornament of human 
nature, and the Icafl fallible fource of permanent fatif* 
faAion. I have often therefore lamented, that in the 
courfe of what is called a liberal education, very little 
attention has been naid at our bell fchools to the culture 
of the heart. While good feeds have been fown in the 
underllauding, the heart has been fuffcred to be overrun 
with weeds and briars. In truth, learning and abili- 
ties, without goodnefs of heart, conllitute that kind of 
wifdom which is foolilhncfs in the fight of reafon and 
of God. Without goodnefs of heart, m.in, however 
accompli filed, is fo far from being but a little lower 
than the auscls, that he is fcarcely above the accurfcd 
fpirits, and uy no means equal to many of the brutes* 
who often exhibit mofl amiable inllanccs of a good 
hcnrt in the virtues of gratitude, finccre aHc^Uooi and 
fidelity. 



No. CIV. ON THE CHARACTERS OP 

THKOIMIRASTUS. 



IF portraits of thr anticiit Aibrnians. painted from 
ihr Iilc hy the ariill.s of the tiinrs, had drfcciulcd 
to ihr prrlrni are, ihrv \\<miM have nitra^l^cd univerlal 
notice, ami have hvvn jullly eriWivlered as invaluable. 
The pMulm'linn?:. howrvrr, oC \\\r prueil are not proof 
n^»ainll the conorbMis of time; l»iii thoui;h we have no 
otij'.lnal pi^luir^ ot the perfoii-; nf the antirnt Athr- 
niMUs, we have avlinirahh^kriihe.s of their mnuls dcli- 
iie.unl l»y 'rh"ophr.j(Ui5. 1 do not nu-an dercrij>iions of 
heiiX's, philofoj^hers, or p<^<ns. They ate to ne found 
in the wiitinr,s of the hilloiian. Theopht alius has taken 
hispit'iuKs liom piivaie atui romtnon life; from per - 
fons too ol)fVine to adorn the pare of hilloiv, Init who 
conllitute fniijciljj wril adapieti to the puipoir of liini 
who lludie:) lite anatomy ol human nature. It is, indeed, 
extremely cuiious and amufing to difcovcr llrokcs of 

^KAra^ilcr 



No. io4« MORAL, icc. 9» 

chara6\er in the citi7.eni of Atheni, who lived Above 
two thoufand yean ago» exaf^ly fimilar to the mannrri 
of the prefcnt day an they appear in London, and in 
other parts of civilised Europe. 

Thcophraflui entered on the undertaking of deline- 
ating the charaiters of his countrymen at the age of 
ninety-nine I an age at which he had treafured up a 
multitude of ideas from convcrfe and obfcrvation. Hia 
dcfign WAS to llifi^matizc follies, foibles, and little vicea 
rather than atrocious crimes. lie meant, as he informi 
Us himfelf in his preface, that pollcrity (huuld Icarn 
from the patterns which he (hould leave them, to judge 
of characters with accurate difcrimination, and to fclc^ 
fuch pcrfoni for friendfliip and acquaintance as might 
communicate excellence equal to their own, by exciting 
SI fuirit of generous emulation. 

1 will tranfcribe a finglc extraCl for the amufement of 
my reader, defiring him to keep in his mind the idea, 
that the writer of the chara^lcr, and the perfon cha- 
r.i^leri/ed, lived above three hundred years before the 
Chridian icra. Il will alfo be proper, in order to receive 
all the plcafure which the pcruial of Thcophrnilus ii 
capable of affording, that the render ihoulu confider, 
whether many features of the charudcr have not fallen 
under his own obfervation. 

The following pafTni^c is taken from his fcd^ion on the 
art of pleafing; and ilicws, that this bonded art, as it 
is now taught, is no modern difcovery ; but is at all 
times, the genuine offspring of mcanncrs and iclf* 
intereft. 

•• The art of pleafing," fays he, " U a kind of be- 
haviour in the company of another, whirh tends, in- 
deed, to give plcnfmr, but not for the bril i)f purpofrs. 
The pcr(i)n who Iludics it, is inch an one as, after 
having faluted a mnn n great way oil', and rallr^d him 
the bell man in the world, and adniirrd him inHiciriitly, 
takes him by both his hands, and will not let liitn go; 
but accompanying him a little way, nfks when he 
fhall have the plcafure of feein^^ him again ; nor does 
he take leave after all without a thoufand compliments 
and praifcs. When he is called in as an arbitrator, 
he is not only deiiruus of plcaiing the party otv >nUo(^ 



|t B 8 8 A y ), 119.10^ 

Mi he inpetrti but ikt idvtHkv¥ tlfbi ikti kt Intjr 
fl^tm to M th€ coi»mt>n Mend w botht He ttlll a 
fbrtttn B«nilemtn» thtt ht rtAlly (bttki the UntaftM 
with A bttter iktttni ikAn tht niuvci. Whtn At It 
Invlttd to dtnntri he tnftftt opim ikt gtAttfttitU Ittitttg 
tlM lUtle children tome hi tnd iht moment ht <kti thtm» 
ht dttltrtii they ire more Uke th^r (kthtr thtn ont Ij^ 
litlkttnoiheri tnd liking them by the htnd» htklAte 
thtmi tnd maket them fit next to hlm% and pltyi wlik 
them htrnfelfi tkylnp here ii t little tirtnkei for oiit» 
and here li t little hatchet (br the other i and ht tett 
Ihem fall atteep on ht« lap» feemtnt to bt hithly dt» 
Hthtedi thottgli he fiti on thomi M the while. Ht 
ihavet nil fact >rery often ) he keepi hU teeth aeeurately 
clean i lavi afide hii elothett even while they are goodi 
becaufe the Aifhion U changed* and ukea care to bt 
terAimed with the belt {verf^me% In alt public placet ht 
M leen tatking» or fltttng^ with the principal perfon«« jkc^*^ 
It l« noi eonfltteat with my deAgn to All my paper wltk 
citatlonit or h would be eaiy to product many antlenr 

EW'itt from thU mora) patnier» which deferve to bt 
mhly rrtccmcvl on accoutu of ihcir Age and curioiiiy* 
Tnc prtinurtgi, it mwrt be owncvl, arc rAthcr in iho Pl«* 
miih hyie^ ami many ofthrm pntLikcof thecaricatuta* 

Hilt ihou)(h 1 commctiti the ptccc!i at curtolitie)| f 
would by no mc^nt be unJerrtood to (M-aife them a« 
pcrfcv^, or a* lUiuUrHi for imitaiiotu Whether they 
n{i\e itndrr){nne mutiUtion or tranrpofitiow*, or whe- 
ther the author, \\\ extrrme old age, havl not Iplrit* tt> 
rcvicNv whiit he \vh»te» it ii not eafv to determine : 
bni it it certain, that there i* onen a totAl want 
of »onne<\ion, nnd that many llrokes are a^lmiiteJ not 
at nil api^licable to the character to which they an* ap* 
plieiK indeed it apix^ar^ probAhle, that the chat avHcm 
were real one«» and the lemarku perfonal. So that 
though the auihor brgjtn with a general foible or folly* 
yet, purfutng the model fi^)\w which he drew in all its 
frtrts he wjt>i led, by au Avrur;tte delineation of the 
wl;«»le, to lome p;irtivntntine^ not at a11 connev^led with 
•he predominAnt fCAture^ of the grnerAl iharaAer* 

With re(pcd to the llyte of thi^ little book« I cannot 
di&ovir an) beauties 1*6 pecnliaily Ariking at could 

il\dUk^ 



Nu. lOy 



MORA 1.. ^wi*. 



VJ 



iiiiliiir Aiilliitle lo iliitii^ii) diia aiiihiiiS n.tmr fniii 

'I'yi litlllUa III llii'tt ti( 'riii'iijtllliltliU. Tliiir wrii*, huv/ • 
f Vrr, il la )ii(iliulilt*, ill hii itllu'l' \vi>il.d, Itiiur vc i v iltilm 
{illilllftl t'\l'rllciii ira nt illi'lioilf liluv llify |HiiiiHrkl tiitii, 
fniiii fiiir n( ihti bell i lit iia whom ilic vvdild i-w r itw, 4 
iiaiiiCi wliii'lt (i^nilinl, ihui he CA)irrflt'il hiiuli IT like 4 
y,<n\. I)iti^i'iit'!i l.itriliu&iiihfi Un ii», ihitt hr u iutt* lut Irutx 
iliiiii (WO huDilri-J itnil uvriu^ luHiki i Itui U aMcty anv oi 
(hftiit hiive rfraptrtl (hr haiii! i>t cMivinua (niii*. 'J'htf 1 hft 
litftrH, we may vriidiit^ in iiDii^'Mii', hic ^icatty iiiuii 
4a(rtl, iiiiil muiiy ni ihem hill. Ii m, iiulittl, tii|i|iul. il, 
(ha( ab ill lUia (icMtilV! hr hux irpirlrnicil t.uilla otily, hr 
W'KXe itiinihrr, in whit h Ur. iiri'lr-iiitil (u (ho vir^ ihr 

ItiOl'i* illliialtti' )iit*tliic u( UlKlitiM tihl •!..• i ri'.tlili' ihui.K 

tria. \ i'ty hi^h I'ltiiuiiriiiiaiiuiu .irr p.iil in hii 'Vit'iiiiin 
(ih I'UiiH, tiu( il la hill tilth' i>-ii<l« iiiiii' ih<' ^Mi-iti iiii 
|i|-nvriiiriilb nhii h havr ht in iiUiir iiy ih'* lUit'li'l In in ihf 
1 imrr ot liiiUiiy. DpiJii ihi- vvtiiih' ft \i\t ihaiit'lt I, 
l.'itfaiiltdn ii)>}uMra lo h-ivr u-iimiI- i-J, with juIIIli-, ih.ii 
\\i: wub worthy nt ihut ayt vvhii h jiiiiiliiir>) ilic ^hiiiiiiia 
(liuiiiviiacr, .Sui laira, IMulti, Hinl Ai illnih'. 

M.itiy CiHnliK'Mtalifi huvr hivii v\nilrii («) ttiililil- 
(hr it'rfiliniJ lit ihi' i h4r.tt't('ii i hut 1 i.titnitt lu'lji iltml - 

il)]*, tttUt ihii la ('111^ ('t rht- few iihlii'iil IiudI. i| in I til* 
llliidl iitltui oi whit h, hariiiii^'^ n Irlj itiirllti) th.iii it 
i.ltuwh'il^r lit ihr WitlM. 



Nn. C.'V, ON Sl.Vf'.MAt. r.\**;\i,|'i \fl Jill 

I'.fji iillithior/, ()!f M.^M ■ t. i>i i I'll 1 1 1 1'-.. 



^1 111'. iM'. ir) il ulicly :ii.v I'j ihr ].hihilii|ihii il !■ .1 J 

I ■-. Itli ll till' IH'I ai|ii|ili'>l Imili' .ililill ill I ,- itliMillI t 

t'li.tl v.tiirly III V'.ilit itixl v.iluiihir Jiii'Iiiiii'. J.il.i.ill 
111 vi'ii lOi *> hii>l ti lrn<ii M ill Ukii iitvM Ivltrimt tin) liii\i' 
lifcui hiji I it'll K' f' 'ki ^'1'- J itiitl II I V i' ilifi' i !<• C'l i hr J III iimiliI 
tiilla «)t ihl il' |ihlliili>|'tl -,' II,- in fi II tli-ll I i lllil'lli' III , 
III liy hiiililh rrlii'it;, \>hiili t-iii!il iiii^Miidli iiiilv ill ill- 
liMtliii-l.i oi riilhlllittilil. Ihr IttiH (ll Ivlttiii^ lii.iiillliil 
ktiiU iiijbje 'AH ll la til u ^./un«il urw^ uIxhhkI'j v .ili 



(.! 



• liviv'..« 



94 E S S A Y 8| No. to{. 

blcmifliei which have ntmoft rendered it conteitiptiblc. 
It mav, indeed, be faid, in vindication of them, thai 
they nave a tendency to raife and (Irengthcn human 
nature; while the errors of manv other fyltems tend 
only to Indulge its paffioni, and to increafe iti In* 
firmity. 

1 fhall prefent my reader with a few extra^i from 
the admirable Enchlridioii j divefting them of the abfurd 
clu^rines, and retaining only what Is really praflicable 
and intereAins^ to mankind at large, independently of 
6ny philofophical fyftcnn. The pafl'dges are well known 
to the learned, towhofc notice it would he fupcrfluous 
to addrefs them. They are more particularly intended 
fur the ufeof the young; and of thofe who, from their 
engagements in a^ive or commercial life, have not 
time for the (tudy of Epifletui. Readers of this de* 
fcription will, I hope, find them not only very curious 
l)Ut ufcful fpccimens of heathen wifdoni. 1 (hall tran- 
kribe the few pafl'ages which the limit«» of my paper will 
admit, from the tranllation of a lady, who has long 
done honour to her fcx, and to Englifli literature* 

•• Krcjuirp not things to happen aq you wiHi ; hut 
w\{\\ thrm to h^pprn a? ihry do liapprn, and you will 
gn nn well. 

" Krinnnbrr thnt ynn mull brhavc in lifn a«« at an 
rntrrtainmrnt. U any thin^ broii^^ht lound to yuu ? 
Put out your hand nnd tnkr ynur fharr with tnodcjation. 
pfTi it paf^ l)y yow ? Do not i\vp it. In it not vet 
conir? Do n(tt liirlrh fiMlh your drfiir toward"* it, but 
wait till it rrfl( hrs yciu. 'I'lius do with regard to rhil- 
dtrn, to a wilr, l»» jMihlic poll"*, to ?i(hr«j; and you will 
!»r lomr time or<jilicr a worthy pailnci (»f tlir (rafl* ol 
Ihr ^ods. 

" Rnnrmbrr thit vou arr an a«nor in n drnnm, o( 
fnch kin«i an thr author plrnfrc to tnnl f^ it, U (hori, i»t 
a HK'itonr; if lonjj. of a lonj/ onr. II it b^ In* picaiuir 
vou fliouki a^l a pnor man, a wippK, a p,ovrinor, or 
a private prrfon, fee that you a»M it nauirally. loi 
this i«» your bufinrf?, to a^t well the cha?a**trr affignrd 
you. Tc» rhufr ii, is nnoihrr's. 

•• If you have an rarnrfl dcfirc of attaining to plii 
lu/oj»hy, prepare yourfclf from ihc very firlt to Ir 

1 laughed 



Nu. i«^^'. M O H A (. ^t*. Of 

lAttji;hr»t <t|, 10 ti0 I'li^iirpit |iy llt0 IliillllUiilpt (It tirdi* 
|lti:iii trty. ** \\c ia I'liluniCit ht tia n |i|illiit(i|tli(i| iill (t( 
KtliD/' 4llil, ** whviliO lltia (U|irti WitilU tiilik f" NiMVf 

Ittr your pHili t)ii itul I14V0 4 luiiriiilnni* ItMik iiiiU'Cit i 
l»ul itill Uvp\h Urdilily hi (titilis |fi|ii^;« witiih (i|i|iritl lirif 
lO VOU, Ha UMP <l|t|tiiiltlmt |iV i iiul tii tItU lUkluil. |^lr 

intu^itttipi« U yuii HiJiiisir in ()ip Uiik |>iiiiii, iKtilii ^1*1 y 
|<i'ilititk whii Ml lull liitiiulmtj will ftth'iu4iil« ciilmiut 
)iiU| tiitl il yiiU Mir iiiiii|itc<irit |iy (luiit. vtMi will 
iiii \\\ n tlniiMp liiliiulp. 

*' \V)u>il <t liri^tll'iiUl'b Itny lid* hdil (I lli^ltl ftiliilrlifg 
hiiikk^U 4 %upi iit| iiUtmiir, wi> dir jm (• iilly irnilv h* luy, 
'* 't'lii (p 4U'' tl>itt|^« llul Will ltrt|i|>i 11 " l>i: iillUiril itirn, 
tll4l Whrll Viiill UWlt iilp llkrwlil* ia t>liil i'll| ViMt tHl^ltl 
III li(4 4ltt!**)fs»l jiilt rt) whi'll (iiiii(tiiM% I 111! !■ tiioLrii. 
'rMliblDl ihia til likci Itiaiiiiri hi I'llit'i |ltiii^;i. U ihn 
ihiltt HI wilii i(f oiiulliri ilrrtil r 1 lin^ i« lui nitis win* 
wumM nut (4Vt '* 'Itii* ia fth <u I nil Ml III mIiUI) hii 

ltt4M Il4(tllli 19 lirtl*lri" ttill il (tUV tutv'a MWII iliilil 
tidpl'i'lia III tlift tl ib Mirlt'itllyi *' .-\lit-ai liovv ^\ trli tiint 
AIM I f** Uut tl (liiiiiltl Up itMirmtit-ii-il, tinw wr- hip 
pll.-»'lril HI Itif4|ilt|} llir iiillin I liiH^ luiit ii liili^ ultirt a. 

** It 4 )<i'lliU) luil tlr)iw:|i'il it|i >iiiit tifilv III iiiiV imr. 
uhum liP hrtil ItlPl ill llii' l\rlV« ^>>l« UKiiM tiilainlv I't 
4ituiv. Ami till vi>it It 1 1 IK* Ukuui- III iklh nlii^ ii|p 
>tiUi I'WIt Miihil ti> l*P liitt Pill I i l> il :iiiil I tiiil.iiiiulril liy 
Hiiy liltti wilt* lta)i|>i'i)a li* ('ivr M>ii ill l'iii|*ltaui' i* 

** Pulirb 411* IllilVil Uilv nil .iliiUil liv irlctliiMla 11 
illlV t'tir 4 l4llh-l' r 111 ittia an- llit|iiiiii, iia iliii^ IdKiiii* 
t4iii 1*1 Iliilil lltlMltilliit^ tl* Itiitl tit (ill lliiii^;;a« pciliriitly 
iMriiill^i lii^ ii'Lilnrti )(• =4 Ilia I I •! II i'liiili liiil tin la rt 

(inil l4llirr. U VlMll lirtlilicil ill ilirit In 't y. I luliri f 

Nil ImiI III 4 trtdul. U ft liiiilltii iiiijiill r U'rII pir 
IriVw ViiMI I'WII lliUitlii>li liiV% 41 tl ) Itilti } imiliiiil Itiil wlldl 
lir »li>i a, |iu| \\ h:ii Villi iiir lii liu In llna iii tlinri \%^l^ 
will flliiL liPill lli»> itti 4 III 4 iirit;litiiMii . !i illi«rii, tk 
uriiriftlf iltr- 1 i<iir(|>tiii>iniu *ltii>' -. >( N"ti 41 1 iiitiiiu 
Vtml 1»'1\» a l»* I »tlilt'lti|il:iii' liti- il \ ri'ji i il.tl n'na. 

*' tl !-> iiu tlllil'i III Hit I'll IV mil- !•• iitti 1 Iiti4liii|ia 
«|iil Irti i ilii'rk idiilui Htcllilv III itii*. 1 tiltuhia hI his i iMiitti \ « 
Vtillt )illllly« Mllii Ititl ill 4 itiM-riliv lii:Utiii:i« il|i| lii 

^li|*ritil/i \M l)«!)uUil hia 4l*iliiy. 



f^ I as A Y 8, K#. lof 1 

**« ImmtdUttly prtftrlbt ftttt cKartAtr tnd ftm of 
lir)i«vloar to yourftlfi wkith you ma/ prtibvt^ both 
jkloAi tad in compMiy* 

«« Wt mud not diftourAi on My of tht comMt 
Aibjrai* of |tUdt«ton» or horfiKMttti or aililtiie ek«i« 
ptOMi or ftiftti iht volnr toplct of convtrfktiooi hm ; 
priaciMlly aoi of m«n, to «• tlthtr lo bluM» or proM^ \ 
or mMltt €omparifoii»« If you art ablt t by yotr oir« 
ioav^lloiii bring ovtr that of yoar company ko proptt j 
fttbjttti ) but* if yoa happt n to bt laitf n among par* | 
font of idnt totally dill^rent ftom yoartt ba Mt at« 

«* L^ not your laaghttr bt maeb» nor on many oc« 
cafionti nor profofe* Avoid fwtaringi if pofliblt^ at* 
togrtbtr I if noti ai far a« yon art ablt« 

*« Avoid public am) vufg«r tnttHainmtnH t bnt| if 
tvtr an occauon calli yon to thtm, Icttp yonr atttatlan 
npon tht ftretchi that von may not imptrctptibly Oidt 
Into vulgar manntn« For bt amirtd, that if a ptri^ 
bt tvtrfo found himMf^ ytt if hit companion bt in« 
ivtVtdt ht who convtrm with him will bt tnM^ 
Uktwift. 

«* Hrlort marnngt rrf frrvt yourftlf pure \ but dt 
not, therefore, b« trouolctomc^ and fullof rrnmofsii to 
thot'c who art! )iccntiou!i» nor ftxi|ucntly boatfthat you 
yourrrU'ar*? not% 

** \i Any ncrtbn tclU vow, that Aich a jH^rfon Ti^caki 
ill of you* do nt>t make rxcuTrs al>out whnt U <VM 
c»f vou t hutanlNVfri •* tic doct not know my othtr 
fauU», rile he would not hrtvc mentioncti only thrle/* 

•» In parties otconvei ration, avoid a frtouVnt and et» 
crllive mention of your own a<^\ions and danf.cr!^^ for, 
however agrtrrtble it may be to yourlelKio mention the 
tiUjue* you have run, it i? not e\iually tt(«rerablc to 
other* to hear vour adventure!!* Avoid likewife an fn« 
deAvour to r vvite lAU{^hter \ tor thisi iy a llippery pointi 
V hich may throw )*ou into vulj^nr manner* \ nnd hettdcti 
may be a^t tolellen you in theelWom oKvour aeouaint* 
«uoe« Approavhen to imlocent lUicourle wre liVcwifii 
0anjieit>U5. Whenever, theierore, Any thing ofthb fort 
hrtppens if thci« be a proper opportunity, rebuke him 
>ibho makciadvancci thai w,)yi or» at leatt/by ftlenct and 

blufluagt 



No. io(< 



MORA U .1.. 



0/ 



Itliidiliiu. MHil n l'itrliUlillit|( liHtk, llipw ynuHrll «lii- 
lilofilrilliy lUili uU. 

*' ll ytiti A\it III ill k liy llir ii|iprdirtiiip III ititv |iMi 
iitilril plrrtliiic*, uiirtiil vouilrll •ti'rtiiill lirin^; liuiiinl 
Mwciy tiy ii I liiit U>i I lip It 11 fill wriii yiiiit Iplliiir, rtini |iiii 
iiiir yiiilllrll ItMiift ilrlny, 'Dtrit Itiln^ in vniii imitil 
both |uiillt« ol 111110 1 lllitl. Ill wlililt yiiii Oiitli ntjity \\\n 
|ilr4lurp. Mtul itirtt, III whlth ymi will ir|iriti ftinl ir 
iiiiirtiti yituiUlla ititvi ynii lidvn iiii|<iyril il uml («'i lir 
loir yiMl« ill 0)ipii|iliiiii III ttirlp« liinv \iiii\^ill iituun 
ftlttl npiiUutl yitUllp|t< ll you uliftfilli. /Vttti rvmi. llmti^'ti 
il Uioitltl (tpliPrti III ynll It Iralnitdlilr LMrtlilit iiiiiiii, IuLp 
huint. ihrtl ll« riiliihi}.*, iiiul n^tm-iltilp itittl miiiti'tivf* 
tiiitp iiidy iiiil lultiliiP ynu i Imi |«M iit ii|i|iniiiiiiii in 
ihia. hnw Itiiiih linliri il i«, in |ip mult imu nl lirt\'lii|.^ 
^niiint 111 l^lPol It vl^itiy. 

** Wlirii ynu «tii miy itiiiiu limit a ilriti luil^Miiritt 

itllll ll nil^ht III tir- itnlir, lii-v«:| llillll llir Im'iIii* d i-ii in 

till ll, PVPil lltllll^'tl lltl' \MilM llllllllii Itlillii- rt WliilM' lll|i 

|iiilllltiii iittoitl il I lot I ll you till toil III I lip, til. tliitii iltr. 
cti'holt IiIpII i lull II ynu itn, wity itip ynu rtli4|il ul llmli*- 
\\\u* irttluip ynll WlnUf'ty f 

'* ll ymi tliivr ftlhliuril iilty tlmiai'tri ulinvr \iiiii 
nini^lh, ynu lliivp ttntit iiiailr mi iJl liiMiir in litii. 
mol itlilllril our wliii )i ymi lui^'lil lictvr lii|i|iiiiii it 

*' \ViiMtPU, linlll tmnli-rii vruiQ i>lil, rtir llidiHi! 
witit itiP lillr ol lltillii'll>^ t>v itii nil 11. riiriitnii-. pi i 
iti\ii4? lti4l itiry itir ir{.';nilt'il milv cm iin liiln .1 in imii- 
itii^ itti^tt plritluiPj tln-v l^i'^Mit Im iiiimii iitrmli !\ i i i miuI 
lit lll.tl In |iliti«f fill lllt'll tlii)H-a. ll H \MMlli wliit. , iliiir 
Ki|n» In ll^ (iUl fllli tlllini mi iumI. III)! itiiiii IriiliMi iliiii 
lliry iiip rttrritii'it Im iinditiii! rlli . Imi ilu .t|.|>i .ii.iin •-. 
Ill rttlrlPtil« ftitil litiitli'lt. nitil ililiuii liiliii\tiiiii 

** Il in It ItlHlk lit VMllll nl ^M-iiiti-}, In i|»iiil itiin It 
hiiir III lltiil^*4 li'Iitlni^* III liir tiu.lv ■, m m In \t*\\y in 
iiill r\<iri(r-). III raliliu :tiiil ili mliiiii' . Tin d ll:iiiilil 
lip iliMir nil iilriilitllv iiinl lliutidt • itnil mu w liuli itiuit 
linii lit' PO^)*)**''t ill tltP I nil' ••! ili>: llillll I ll.ui'liiii' 

'* Ni^yiTtall yniiili'li n nliiliiinplii i . um iiilli (t iMi-tt 
ilfitl •tUtnU)^ itiP Ulllpintiiil iiliiiiii iliiiiiiiin j liiii i.'l 
tnlifiUUtfclily III lllC'lU. '1 tliii. Ill I nil I llllllllii III?, ill! II. i| 
InIK Itnw P«li\;)lli UU);tli m rn I liiil I Ai 141 vnii iniilu. 

V III. II. l" V\xv' 




B S S A Y S» 

There ii great dan||er in immtdiittlx throwia] 
what you have not digefted. And if an/ one tells 
chat yoa know nothings and yon are not nettled 
then yott may be Tare that yon have begun your bufii 

** Sheep do not produce thegrafs^ to (how how i 
they have eliten { Dut» inwardly di|^ftinff their, 
they outwardly produce wool and milk% rhtti» t 
iR)re» do you likewife not (hew theorems to the 
learnedt but the aAbns produced by them» aftv 
lia\*e been dige((ed« 

** The condition and charaAeriftic of a vulgar p 
are» that he never expe^b either benefit or hurt 
himfelf t but from externals. *rhe condition and 
rafkerilHc of a philofepher are, that he expeds all 
and benefit from himfeif. 

*< Whatever rules you have deliberately propof 
youHelf for the conduA of life/ abide by them i 
many law«, and as if you would be guilty of impie 
trantgrffTinganyof them ( an J do not regard what an; 
fays of you» (or this» after all» is no concern of y 
Mow long will you defer to think yourfelf won\ 
the noblell improvements, and in no iiilUncc to t 
crcfs the dillindions of roalon ? You i>re no U^nj 
boy, but a grown man. U\ ihcrcfvuc, you will b! 
^ligcnt and flothful, and always add procraiUnatii 
procralhnation, purpolc to pwrpofo, and Hx day 
ilay in which you will attcuvi to ycturrdf, you wil 
fcnfibly continue withcut proficiency ; and living 
ilyinp, porrcvcrc in bcinr one of the vulcar. Thi 
rtant then, think yourrclf worthy of living as a 
grt>\vn up, and a prohcicnt. I.ci w half vcr appea 
be the IkiI, be to you an inviolable law. And if 
inllancc of pain or picafarc, or glory or difcrace 
fci before you, remember that nv)w is the comlvtt, 
the olympiad comes on, nor can it be putort'; and I 
by once being worllcd and giving way, proHcicn* 
loll ; or, bj' the contrary, preforvcd. Thus Soc 
became pcrfe^l, improving hnnfclf by every thing, 
tending to nothing but reafon. And, thoueh yoi 
not yet a Socrates, you ought, however, to live as 
dclirous of becoming a Socrates 

** Upon all occalioQs wc ought to have this fa; 



• ii). liiO. 



M (} i^ .A 1 . 



1.1 



•;') 



mZ 



.1 



lit -^lii.ti. 1 ai li.titJ, ** ( ) 1 1 1 ill, ii it iliii |1' I ■ 

{;iJtb, lll(i3 li:l 11 til ! :\li)ltti 'IImI r.ik.|,itij ntu, 1 -I! 
iiul>-Li), Lilt liiiil Itir {|ii:V I iiiiii'l. ' 

'i III' I iilU>'t«:lUi-d III I'.jili'li Iii5, liiilll •• 111 ':, III' 

ill'' iiiiiiiiiid ijiii^'ii'ii iiu .lUiiu I iilii ri .1, t|ii Hill ^ i 
iipjiicir, ;iliuiiti.l ^\ (lit jiiih/ iiiiiiil. ., |ii> it ... ii 
Jnilt.}i liluir III llt>: 111 i till lit a II ill 'Iiu.' i > -kI- i , I'l i<i ■•• 
liic C.ir '1 hi: ^iil'tj tiii»\ i V < I , a ) il Ii ij'i't ii ii i . • i 
lililiCa, ib iUl lliillliilil Vsitll lilil> ti •iiiili 1 In >iii 

lli.illltcr ill ^vltli II lllll t llllti ti III Ij iilij' II ill •> 1 mil. 
ijiitl, tiiiivcVi:! r-.i I'ilciti J itil) lUh'lK I liiiti> lii-n j- i 
Uillig tltclilf witii Wiiiilil liiit: tiiiiii 1 lli.ii |>-il. ill...: 
aiiij.Iy rcWiiriliii. i i-miiutj iliiiiti>t>, liil|i .'iIiuM', 

|ii|' (he (<tki: lit lllii'ltli tlii<l itiiiliiiiii \iiitii> nil Ii, Ml II i.l 
(lie; lulll.iitli! liiitllLi ^\i:ii: itil.iit .1, .iii>| |ii I. III. I III 
liicii' lii:^v, vvilli lUi Uiiii \ i lilil, III llii l.iiii>: I1..1 , . liii 
all thr lii'ti lllU'iila (il 'III L'li'^-.iiil itiiil ttii--. Ill)' iliilixii 1 
|}iiiuU, iliil('i.:il, lliiliU il •till .Lilli;iil Idinir til I iii|.i >.< ii;.', 
l\\*: liiiliiU iiiiil Inm iIj •'! llinli v« Im iiii: ni ili i .lu i>i 

ijt ihL'ii L.luL.iiiiiit, il liiiiic nil.' |i ill (!:• J h:.! I ii'iii I II. •! 

atiliVL-j WlIC IjIci U'll ftJ il ll '■ I lil ltil»|i>l nil ^v!ii> il I If' 

Ili «-i ciiiiir uii^lil r<k|<.iliiit>:. 1 I'l , ii> ' I ili I II ■ Il I >|i> III • I 

III* ililcKco, (he VVlKill^.*) I't liii' It ■!• J I Mlill il.lili nil. II III 
I'diU' iiU'l ti:tl Hi-' lililUclil iiitillii: tiiiiii till liliiiiill ilixii ..I. I 
WlLli IiU'IIIlI ) illlli w^ hit ll 1 1 I J jiliiil.: In t.ill . It) II 1 1 111 1 1 

Ui'i'iTlii- i'iii y I lliiii't t'lil i^ I'iik iK-l j^ .Hill 111 Ii till i.il iiiiiiiji 
liifii. lliL^, li|)cl.ili: III! lliu iiiliiil lilit ill •!■ liii lit iii> :i 

till (hi' lillil)- wIlU ti iliC 1 .tlll.'il In .11 I 1 0^ 111 I III I IiIm.I tl I > I •, 

aiul Itiicly dial jiliiitiliij-h-/ liu^^hl lu In < ni tim.ij'i .1 II/ 
evciy lilt 11 a I ili •iiul lt.iU:liii.Ui, I. l.li II iul>lj 111 I \ I i III I il 
luc, aiiil ^IvLd ltat)iliiy In i iu|'i 



Ilk.. 



■*1^ W ■ — «. I 



Nil. C.'Vl. (iN Si W fc I-. I H I'l 'J .\H[i 111: 1. 11 -. 

hi \ I . r. . 



'I 



AU iliL-rc ib ill li'iiu^ iliiWi 1.-1 .111 i.i.(tiiiMi It i 111, Mill III 
liilili: tiuilb ii dclh iiiiij tl.aniii, lu i -. |i irli \> Jii. It 
l^iUh^UdUt \ik^ A UAlUC i 111 llidi: la in II ylc a l..^ . Vix 



me B t I A y S, N< 

I I 

•fid ft dilicftcy which t ludt i dtftrlptlQiii and ca 
b« Ptretlvid Dv tha ftnfibllity of tafti. 

Bat though it may ba difficult to analyfa thii agi 
. qualltyf or to taach a writer how to inAiff it li 
workii ytt It li by oo maani equally arduoui tc 
out a ffw authorii in whom both tna obrarvat 
cth«n«' and our own ffflln«» havadifcovtrad Iti 
Indotdi li tha only matbod of cofflmunlcatlag It 
though It ti not to ba taught by dldafllc and i 
prtcaptfi it may ba acqutrad by tha contagloua Inl 
«f a cApttdfatlng aximpta. 

SwoainaA ii chiefly to b« found in Lyric po^tr) 
b by no maani lonflnod to it. Though Vofflu 
opimoni that fwHtnafi li peculiar to LyrlCf ai | 
to the epic, simplicity to the paftoral, foftnefi 
olrgiac, Jocularity to tha comfci parboi to the i 
bitternefi to tha (atyrlc, and pungency to tha epi 
matiei yet I rather thinlc. that they alt admlti ot 
occafionii, fomething of thii captivating quality. H 
who will fiimifh modeli of every ftylr, often i 
among hin ruder beautiei. a delleate fweetnefi of d 
ivliichthffldfuiitKnwn inhrrtht power of pleafing, i 
li/hri nil thr rou|;hrr nftrft by trie power of contMfl 

Thrncrirun \n nil Avrrinrrm Hnd if a reader, 

Rood c!>itr, ihould not uiHlrrllnnd the biird of 8yf 
e might Hill be dclit^htcd with tho dclicioui ho 
the doric diilr^t. 

Mnny cf tlir little, hut elrgnnt, compofuloni 
anthulogiUf nwe nil their oxcrllrtice to tho Mc(\ 
word*, which convey n)chHntin^ mwCw. to tht 
Thev rerm, indcrd, to trickle liko li<|tiid honey 
the none>'(cmih» And tliifi without Mnv tt(fr£Utl 
the wriietii fot fuch aic tho )*cculi»r oeautici < 
Greek lan|j^uRf*.e. th^it it In tlinicnlt to wiite on fu 
conne^cd witli plmftirr, love, and beauty, w 
iiflng fuih exprrffiond nn, briiilr^ their rritl mei 
excite nn idcft of fwrctncfK, iitttiUr to the obje^ 
prefcntcd. 

Swertiicru In the peculiar excellence of the J 
bard of 1 eoi. 'l*hr bacchnnitlien fungi of m 
timrii imrtake vnry little of thofe delicate charmi 
dlttlngttlih a ftyle truly anacreontic. It doei not I 

»1 



i: 



No. io6i MORA I., kc* loi 

.i|»pp.ir. ihit \\\r mnrlrtti Imihsiml': Iiivr tlioti^iit il 
IMillihlr tint tlw'ir jovi (hnnll mlinii nt ili'lnmv. I'ltn 
Inn^Q, rhrrrfinr, whiih li.ivr Ihtii wmiiimi I'l rnlivni 
nnii Ihtniilntf* ttmir iniith, h.-ivr iilM.iilv Ihmmi nf ntojiirr 
kini), nnd IikIira nnrfhiiily rvi |ii<!i'<I Iwrnnrti; nf i-iun 
i«riti(ini Tliry (ffin tn linvi* < diijiilrfri) a M4«(ltii4(i« 
ir i;: riiJrlv if }ui (mini mi n ii|*,ti |Mill, :inil nni :i<i lir 
\% t\ri\ t'\hri\ hy thi* pnct*) iinil li iil|iini!; of :iiiiii|nii v, ;i 
innrt Cli«« ff*'! pmJ rl'MiniH (uMif. Airntrmi, :iliri nil, 
li);r tlir (iirrk rttt^.tninni thll <« tniill lir :ii kmiwlfiii^i'il 
to owe inilill (»l lli-i (•vrrliM'1'4 In n l:liMMlri|*r, wliu 11 ( .III • 

nnt be (>tlinwirr tluii (wcrt mi fii.iin liii pil^. wiilifutt 
unnnliiral vinlrmr. 

TliG l.ntin lflii^jt.'if*f*, llmiij-Ji (nli -piil''" nj prriili.ir 
drlir^i'y, i« iriiniiily li'U c.ip.i' Ir nl jutrtnili ili.in thn 
riiftlr^l nf Aihrim, Innin, nnil Dnim. Itiii (>ill ilirir nn* 
niHtiy nittiior!) in il, who hnvr iIim ivpij umk U nf ihr |Miwrr 
of pfmnnp the iMtmnif mir, fliirin^ nriir twnmy criitu- 
ric.0, fmni ihi* finunliir fwrrtnrfn of tlirir (lylr. 

CntnlliM, I tiplipvr, clrfrrvrn ii» lip iiirntinnril nninnj* 
thp firll nFthofe who hnvr rninlnirtl tlir (tin k« in tlii-ir 
diOin^iiifltrd rtrrllrnrr. I'' .v l»oi»|<^ wmilil luivf Ih'-ii 
belter cnlciilnteil to j»iv»' l"»vq n imr t;»llr \tn Iwni inm 
poTttion, if ihr iln-'Mn y f>l i)>" t«nri*« (rniiiniMiiH liMiJ Iw ni 
fqunl (o (lir tlrlirnry nf lii: ()•.!'-. 

flurwrr wni n v»mv l*i"i»n'. in ili" i ii' nnill mh r »i( .i 
vnliitilc iintl varirr.'iml 'Ii'Iu'm 11:'-. c'fi .ilMnmil villi 
fl.nn/.nq, nnd lit; niln'i \vnr|.n «\iili |i<iiti< \<ii-< , \% nn li 
pvtilmilv pmvr, tli;n if li' In*! (Iml. u i • \ i. wiili 
Vtri»il in llrrnjfili nn-l jlifMi.i v. I«»- \viiili li « «|';i.-.!i 
nl lli« rivni. Illll \\r v.-,m i id >ti nl |<l> ■<• ■ m .i nil 
fnvnnfilr (lylr in I'l.'i in «vl>i' 'i U- ■ ■ '. i.- .i- . Im-- i-,.| 
witir. In ilm llvir ii :i himiiI J-! ■ I. i t,, j. . mil 
knMW nni wIiiiImi ihi- , ■■.■•, i >.,' :• ■, nt Hi it i)ii!ii) 
(•f lti.4 w iiiii}',-^. wini li I' lull ■ I Ill-Ill ii III \ 111 I |i i| ,1.11 1 1 
imitf-il, in:iv P**i l»* ( ii-l I'l iMii'i'l in I-. • (i-l: .ml 
<l'1ii,irv- SlK )i i*: lln' 'Ir^M Jit (ill (\- r-i i m-l . i.( i|ii ninili 
('ill (if |l|i* (niirlll )iiii>l:. nii'l till- (.•null •■{ llti< flni I, 
ihit iill irnilri"* li;ivr liim iliniipil \ri'li i!. m . ni.l 
liilin-: Si Mli^rr, a vn y w iiin 1 1 i<i< , hi: nli i ii-il. t li ii 1p* 
nnil t.ulirr no tlir niitlim «•( ilirnt iImm m( *II rmiln'i 
0(lr«, or ihitlt lie rlrvalf'l m tlw i ml. nl ji mouAwU 



p 



tl"* 



• - 



7?»: ^ V* 

loi ESSAYS/ N«. 10^. 

It is, I think, certain; th«t many of the odes of Horace, 
and man^' of the works of other [K>ett of eqaal f^mt, 
have deUghtrd mankind from one generttiop to tn* 
other, far leA by their fentiments than by thofe con- 
genial beauties, a fweetnefs of language, a delicaia 
choice of words, and a well modulated collocation. 

The modcil bnrd of Mantua indtfputably owes kit j 
influence over the human mind, to his talent in attemper* ^ 
ini;, in a moft judicious union, foftnefs, fweetnels, and j 
the niceft delicacy, with the moft majeflic grandenr. 4 

Amon^ the proie writers of Greece and Rome, every ! 
reader of taAe will immediutely obferve, that Herodo- 
tus and Xenophon, Ca^far and Cicero, claim the firft 4 
lace in the excellence of a fweet ftyle. The two • 
linies and Paterculus have a con fid era ble (b'^re of itt,. 
rhucydides, Salluft, and Tacitus are too fond of* 
auilerity to admit any great portion of fweetnefs. 

Many of the modern Latin poets have diftingQiflu 
ihemfclves by the fweetnefs of their v^rfe* Someof^^'^ 
them have, however, carried it to excefs, and have writ- J 
ten in the worft manner of Grotius, Johannes Secnn* i 
<Ii)9, and Dunifonius. Swectnefs ouf»ht to be diftln*. 
guir.icd frrin lurciouinefs ; the one afirds us with the 
it-nfatiuns duiahly agreeable; the other quickly cloys- 
ftnd palls the apprtite, 

Tli^ eminent French writers, who certainly poileft 
fr/ie, \\^^'(* uir|;!a>cd a lemaikahlc rweotncfs of ftyle. 
']'!^' h.'-liiiu can icarccly compofe without dilplaying it. 
lie wlu) li.'is foimrd a t:.ilc for thi?; ijuality, will find it 
iiilly graiiu'J in the writings oi I'cntaicc, Moiailallo^ 
and, inter J, in all tliC ctlchraird authors of France 
Qtul halv. i'lioe nation*^, in modern times, have been 
mt If dirfi'Ctivc in (IrtMigih and nerve, than in any ! 
cf the iohcr qualities, the purpoib of which is to ' 
ple::ie. 

Though the French are difpofed to deny the EngliAi 
the praiie of talle, 1 cannot help thinking, that we 
have writers who can rival them in th'^ir pretenfions 
to every excellence which can adorn compofiiion. 
Our Adlilon, like lomc of the moll celebrated ancients* " 
p<»i]'cires that fweetnef;, that delicacy, and that grace, 
i^hich i;» formed to plcafe the human mind^ under all. \ 

the 



I 



N^o. io6. M O R A Lj &c. m ; 



the revolutions of time, of fiifbion, and of rn[tri( ifiia 
Ulic, It is not only the ryicilnii inailn whu!) [uo- 
duces the vd'cti of gently c-onipo/in^r our p.tiiinii, w lnlc 
we are reailing Adililon ; l>iii it th alia i!i..t (\\(ri 
/lyle, which c;tnnot be it-ad ami i.iii(*ii wiihout com- 
munit aiing to the mind funirdiin)^ tii it*, own ('i|u:ihility. 
Mr William 'I'emple w.is, iiidciil, the iimmU I i>i Ad- 
(jifon, and he is remaikaldi* lor the fwccinrls of liii lisK*, 
(Ipecialiy if he iji compared wiili titc wiiicia ul hi., ovui 
tinif. 

All our eminent poets have jtidirii)Uily ni!n;;N-d 
fwceineff* with ilren^th, and j^i.ne vviih duMuty. \V..llir 
ha) ufually obtained the praile oi Ivvrtucis ; bm i«c li.t.-; 
been grriiiTy exceeded by hin futcrll(»r?i in ihi.-. ;mmI cwi v 
Olher Ipecirs of poetry. It liiat iitii ul ;-,(-iiiu*; wliii.'i 
condicuieii a IJomer, a Shuki-fpraic, a Mition, Iii' mc 
been common among n.*: ; yrt the {iib(iiui!i;iir (p( mi :., 
which is difplaycd in eK*;',.int mediocrit) , and in uii.tt 
we call pretty and ])!calin^ opuicid.i, ha^ bi-cn no wluic 
inore abundant. 

It appears to me, ih.ir the later writers of piofc 

have riihcr afle^ted the mnriiiline and n-i vfjii.i, i)t:i:i [he 

fweei and graceful. The l.itr Mr. M.inii i.s, indt i-d, an 

excepMnii ; for he colltVUd ilic piiir-il )ii)ri<-y litjin Use 

floweri of Atiica. 'I h<* .!iiih"i ol l'it/.( lU'i iic'.-. IcH'rh 

hab exhibitC'i both ^Matc and (.vcctnrf-i , .lUvl I wiilt I'.r/ 

were not himetimrs injniru by vnliohiy. Johi.liii, 

Hiwkclwoiih, Kul)ci((>in. aic (-Im-ily jilimii' br 

fiirn^'th and forie. llinnr h.i'. nt.v a<ul th'-n dil^ l-i)('(i 

lumeLhinc, of Adili(oni:in Iwcini is in a u s\' il im 

moral ril'jys. ll is lo be wilin-i! lit* had iiii;>l.>V('d .tbii 

fonit'ihini; of thr Adiiilinii.in jo-u'.nclli oi hciit. 'i he 

VV.ii bill toni.tn ll ho(>J, a'. Il-.iin>' v.il'r^l ii, tlt.U'h ii Im'< 

pltilUC'^il ili/.'irniniih an 1 !it'i\''!. wii-.-r, < ..rjnoi l.n.i.l 

fi h'T ill 1 ACi'iiicI-, or Jl .11 ■ jii. ..( 1 .. 1( h:! 'I I" 1;:- I 

niUx'ii HI viiilciil ('(nitiMVi'i l<, .Ml 1 .iii .11.11 > ■.:■ i'i(i.)i., L. i .i 

of vvim.h uiij.illy I) id il fl.. .. ti r ui t !. - ( ii.i < -. , .mil ] .i I i' 

billrin'-f). :.tid acrinn^ny to Kvi im -i . 

'I buUi'li it m.iy n-)i I i* ( ..; i i ■!■ ;,i *• tir- w I..-' • (-I 
t!''i:, vvli.i'it'vcr it i-., whii !i » «.ii ; 'i. ■■•. i».r n-liil il <■ , 
yi it i'. by no nuran-i I'.'.i ul: i» ilil uvi rm- i : u-.o 
liri'uinllauLCb which ai'- in^'.iily i«>iiJuciw tu it. 1' i , 



104 B 8 S A y 8# No. toy 

!Ad««d» obvlotti to obftrvf , tha« tht AfOMOt uft < 
liqoM Iftmii «nd of Ubi«li conblntd witk <yil«blti 
cotififtlng of vowfli with ftw oenibniotii eoatriboM 
grtotly to (Weeten tht dl£Uon. But To nlct « poll 
if ftti fxcflleti«f| thftt'th« Anftlkft txttfi or aftliftado 
of any particular btauiy wilt totally dtttroy all It 
agretADle aff^. tt muft rarult from nature^ cttitlvattd 
iadt«di but not too clofaly conflnad aad diraikadi b 
art. AllttarKtion li conducivt to fwattntfii and ii 
ilfure frequently ufcd by the beft writcri^ antient an< 
modarn. ured wiih rautinn it cannot Ml to pleaft i bu 
tha caufe of the plcnrure Ihould ba larant. When thi 
tfgure obtrudai itielf too often» and in eKcafii ai it dot 
In Ibvaml modern wrlten» it lofts all Iti gracti and th 
reader refi^nti and lonthi tht paltry artinct of a wrlM 
who depends on io poor a claim to applaort, Thiii In 
detdi and alt othrr ornamtnti art to oa uM» at It hi 
been obr«rved, tika f«lt at a meal, which agrttabi 
ftalbni tvf ry difli whtn mixad in modtradoni bat whici 
would tooW tht wholti if it wtra ftodtfad tha pitdo 
inlnant ingredient in the repi \. 



MMa«lM«l 



No. evil. iirNTs TO TrtosB who are db 
srcmcD FOR tmb professiom or fHYsic, 



TT wns rtlvvnyn n pntt of my dr{lf>n, in thcfc pnperi 
to fujtj^rfl A few hint* of advice to young pcrfon 
who tttc jul^ cntrrin^ on any of ihc liberal profcffions 
not, imlfnl, with rt pfrfumptuoui Intention to dire< 
th^m in a technical or fcirntilic pr,nJ\lcc, but merely t 
^Ivc them fome urnrraP idcnd, which may rrnilcr tnel 
y|^wf^ more liberal, and their mituU more ccneroun, c 
arm thrm with fome ufrful precautions. 1 rrmcmbc 
too well the impertinence of the fophtll who read 
lecture to Hannibal on the nrt of war, to think of in 
Hrui^in); Awy perfon.i in the peculiar or mechanical at 
ami iViencc, which they have made the lludy of thei 
lives. But there are certain univrrfal truths whici 
I2)cn^ attached to a particular purAiit^ fomctimos over 

look 



So. 107. MORA L, Sic, i..{ 

I'Mik. 'I'hriA ia hIIii m ini.ijii L-iiLii^i'iiiMii III iiiiiiil, 

ivhii h ib titll ill lliit litllMiU ii;ilil(a dint (nulilu-.l liriviiil 

lililii: w\ui l.iLt- ill! .i.'ilVr I'lill ill It lilil.ttiVit jiliilrlliiiii. 

He kvhti (iiliiy^ hfr in nil i';^(( iiiiVi* |Miii|(iMf in ly d r 4 

l^aiiriy (il lii.i^'iiilii I III nlt|rili wliii li «:li itjir llir V)r, 

Wliii'h ia inlilliilHly (iNrtl nii a (I'w llii^'li- 1 ill liiiilUlii 1 », 

Ailil L'iili(iiii-tt willllll il liitlliiW I mil-. Il i!i llii' hufliirla 

u| itir llMiriilill t«i inljii-n nriy imiI nl titiiiidii lifr, fii 

rllilraVitUI In iniit'^l ila riioia, dml |'liiiii(i|r nil ilii* 14- 

irllciiitf and liU|)|iinr|3 ul ^\lili li li li iii|irt(ilr. 

Il Uda lii:i:ii jilltjy f I'lii.tl I\i->1, lli.tl itii'v wlin riilri nii 
llic! |i]'(i|triliiiii III iitrLlli iiir 111 ii .y iil Hi linliiiini^ ll.ivr 
Ciiillllllillly tU'lirtlili-il liil liK I t I:-, lildifl iiil llii: iiilll- 
Viiiiini (it (lie {<iai ra (tidii llu' li u m ib. Ami il li 1 c i luiu, 
Cliitl llliiuy jii'ilifiia wiiiiiit lull*! itiliiiiilnriil) writ- viiy 
lfi(iilcr.ili:, hitvct lull itM/ity vvilll llu' j^li.tnll lit. in* ul 
Ki'.ildl alii) |iU|iii|dl iiyj iVlllili'w iiltli'l li • iitiiliirinluljiilij 
Cllitll a tilir jtcldill, it llu'wy ilicia, It liiii'iii.il >'i|>ii|' i^r^ 
iitiil dii illnliiiilitril rtliiHiIri V 

litil llitir liKrtllttl lHiijl.i>'liiin, a • mtli imiliirla ui 
JliiUiig iin|ii« dll (liill Via« |iiillllili' III |ijt-|i,iir liii ti |iiii 
ti Ilhiiij hiiil III iidviii}* |il*'li-iiili ii III nil lliiiti: lliitii \\(: 
uU' ulili' III lil'l tnllil, ia It lull I (-Mlli>'i'l ll<i|i|iil|l-|:i^ llldll 

itir «i)i|ildillf, dliil i-Vi li lilt ^liiiii-iii ill lilt' ipiiiiliiiil null 
liliiilr i I inl^ lif rwi 1 y lMi|iil, \-. Im \ n\u* ■-■ lulill.iiii lul luiji 
jiiiii'la liMiir tliall llu: jiIiiiuIkhi ut il. Ki ilt \*ilr. llic lull 

ticj iifil III Ilia litct (11 it VI I y It i litm jnii jtiii iif n 1 1 y |i,ti I iil 
>iliitv|i:il^L: wltii 11 iiiiilii iili-) 111 ywr liiiii, Iml mtly a 
|lfirtii III, iiUC a tliriiirlli 111 lltill in lila |iM>(i-.IIi(iii j iml 
i'ltty liir iniillitildil liirilo IjI It llti'li I'liiil V I'l iit'ltliiinri , 
lilii llu: i niiijiiclu iilivci li'illillit:iila lil aHili'iil lii|.lil- 

Iiii'ifhy. 

'I hi: liriUiiilitiiiiii Itiuiilil III- liiiil III III! ( iliK diiiiii litily 
IiIii'IjI. ll n It ally lalm liliiMi In lilili'i vr llu: • Ml i-llii- 
l[.'li(ii >ti)i •' III lliiid: aiiiiiii[; iin ilii id |ii .!•' 1 11 luiu'i a. vvlni 
die •iji|illi't| (•! ill llii: liill iidtiiiK >', iiiiil I' !>•> I Miilhiiile 
(lt<- III (lit I i (llii II 111 a I III la, 'riti'y ■*! *' I id* 1 n liiilit it Wi iliiii' 
ll.iiiiiil^ 111 Jiciliipa a ^1 tiiiiii.il II hi'-fl, .ll llic ii|!r nt 
|iiill'|i-i II, ami iiiiUiiil ii|i|i|i:iii 11 • .1. llu, liiM 1: liliiully 
dii|iiii'ril a |.niiid )i tiid tviiiui)' i l-ui ili> u I- iiM\vli:<l^i- i,t 
tlili rUlilia ib irliiiiiii vvoitli liiiiilliiiilii}' , ctlnl, ii)iiiii |hu 

aIiuIi J llicir Lijutuiiuii Hi ly i'(- liud lu Ijc aliuiii i-i|ii.il 

i' *: i«» 



a 



& S S A V R, 

It or a pliUp»l in a i'«rilli cliftriiy ftheoV' 
iincl< I> 10 lLii4 UlunJ [he counur. NnJ coniptiui 
ineJirifiM 1>> the pre icii()iionb oj' the drrftor. 'I IivIp ■ 
v(na\iy in Li>tin, iviiiitn very l>aUI/, uni< lull ot'^fi'r^l 
al<br«vlnuun». Tlicynra, tnJe>:J, ul'itn roicnigtnatlc 
ihai iK^lhiii)i IcTi ilinii iht hgnuty uT ua Uiliput ran i 
fnlvB their uilfiiiiliiEt. 'i l,o [lucic inil, if he hai i:n 
will till! ailiit diiliunnty, whcir, lioMi-ver, lirDltraio 
In v(in 1 I)u( if he h«i iioi ume, tvhich ii ulually t 
cdf't', he takfli ihi' inoA cxfTiliiloui n'tihcxl or iioi 
bufinrfi. Me it alliainrJ to conlVft hit ianoriixe, ti 
thrrcrure ('lui up tn,y mfJidiic nhidiliU c ejtrti 
fugtl*"*! ^^^ P'""' '' wrapt up. (llijiaKhcd wUii »JI i 
jtfJi'lon, and ib^tiniiciit poilnnrd. 

Afitt h«fiu|t Ipeiii raven yrut In n fhop {;nunili 
iliui^i uiid r)jir«^ir.j{ (lUArM | nnil ufier Ituviii); ni-4uii 
■ liltic pilirj' uuiilon ul methunitxl knuwloilsc 
COdlUxt luLiiii uc U tliraiHrCkl m loinnletci nnJ £i 
into the (■ontiy o brlil pn'fifl'.T cif fhiiiiFRt-ty a 
|<l(.Mtn«"/, Wuh In.-.-- .-'r. I , -T, ,.- M.j;1,.,.r ,-nii 
tfimnir. lltil a lu L,. ■ ■ ■ !.,■ rr 

.t,.i i.<]= .vh.m-n I.. 

hi^ <;ttnii,,ii,jcii l.^,.rMioih<THi)r(.aaictoi Iltlifiik 
artl, iiiUeed, lie ii' jiii Khjctt oi jeal woiider to i 
coiiii'ry )jeo|pje J for he LdllefiB ;i ftw hard worilt fji 
hinlitiiiaiary, «hith hi- uiieii uiih ptvut i;niviiy mno 
^jolfip-- »nd Airnicii, wIk) toiiOuii' Inm Hi a very tearr 
Sibn, lit uell at pr'>aij>iouny cluvcr in hik \>ti,(ea'.i 
■yhi.ie who (oul>l htar wiinrrs ii;.;::iin(l hi» fkill, are 
Tuturtd nnd fiin^ced in ihL-chuftlijafd, 

1 iilletr, ilui u k<in«tcdf>e ol' (.reek ai well at Lfl 
5,. iriilly necc/Iiry if. rhe apothf^ary. il ht *i>uld ucrfo 
hit hunitcCi. Miih ih:ic nccuMcy which u ceiuiuly 
tjuiicd 111 lo iiiipiirni'i iiii cniplu^iiieiii, A Uiy, d 
ijncJ lu thl* empliiynicnc, (liuuld by nu mrnni Ici 
hU kUool till (lie iigu t>f Ijnicen oi feventecn. 1 
l.iiDwkdge ol the learned laiiguaf;rt, acijuired bef 
thai liuic, in iiiirely clememary ; it ii only of ule t 
IlhiS to farther improvement in xhe tanijuugri. 
fnnntii (jualily fur any proftllion, miith leli for 
t>l<oihcciiiic), the nu/ncu ci viliuk inlIjuinenUi mi 
til 



Nu. K"."'. 



M O K A I.. Ac. 



ii.'f 



iilll, fiiiil l^p( lalllill , iltr-, |.i| llti* i.hilt jl.tll, C'illi I 
ti/lii|)v I II I rl^^ III itl 1 il I I 1 r til I. 'Ill I II. 

iiiil, lit-l-'-'il, tl hi' Willi -I (ti I ilii iii> |tiiil iiiiii .1!' i\ r 
llr li'i i I III till i'iii|iii tl I III I I II 1 1> . ^ til !'i- hill •■ <|iiii r 
iililtil.il i-iiiii itltiiii till lliii-ii 1 il.t-, iiiil> j ii.liiiii- it 
Ka nil- ill :l IHrtLLli.iiv \li \\ \ !• I i!i I I til |.i.liili li.' Iiii 

III I till . dllil I !i' ■ IlillL' Itl^k 1 1 11 1 llm ill- '■'« I 1 1 .. Ill > i .il 1 : 

i till'l) .llnl ;||i I' VIi'IiIH I |i| .tl III I , III I ■ Hi I II I .1 )llOl> :.i:l, 

liiiiii^ti I .ilji'il all aj'iiilir. Ill I ; .i:. 1 i)ii>ii{-li In lii-niiil i.i . 

Ill:'l lliii jiiil I li.ili li II il.| ii-iii.:, h-ii ii.i\i I'lilii li .1 |> ■■: 
Lj lU'i'ii-i- liy Ijii Illlii^' 111. ll:iii', tit. till ,, II- 1 lirilili III 

ill! 1 .11,' It III llllll i'l III \ « 111' I J .. ;■! :illi III III il-. t I lie- |>l U 

il >l III I III ^ •)[ illh i'lilllliK llli'll I l| \* Il II III ll> Mill! . .1.1 I 

llllltl^lu i> I iiinllU II •!, ilililjr liiiit III tlu I ■•iil|>.iiiv iitiil 
I'l : I • « f t J .1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 il i I \\ I III I i I i • M I - 1 1 1 1 1 I ! I i 1 : 1 i 1' 1 1 II . I . 

Ilii'li' iirii'i' w. a ml .1^-- ill >\tiii|i lli>^ fliii iiihi..! 
Ill liijijiiii: lltr illt'tniii' I tiiiiu'ii hI • i .ilu.ili •! |<Im 
li'i.i- ', liu'l lii'llri ii|<|iiii iiiiiii ii -. |>>i iiiijii itv I III.. Ill III 
J II V i|.i.ii • y. 1 .i I I 111 1 I, tia ^\ ■ Il fin I lull I- - , m iiiiiiiniii , 
I li> l..iiii \ , aliil ii»'i\ p.iil III li ti in I iiiiil li.iliiitil |!ii- 
luliijiin I 111 tc'i iliihi' .il'tiiiiiili .1. I .i ( (III i(ii>li til ill \ 111'. 
Iiiiiili i/ lii llii II' lOiii liMi^.' iii-l I iiiiii-' .i|i| ill .iliinii iHilI 
ill I >i till lll.'l II I 111 1 1 till 111. I II III I II I III- 1 .Ij.t II 1* III I I ill tl Ml. 
I 1 It ', li:l- lil.il II \ ill III I • Il II liii III In I I V .'V j tij ili.il' 

I'll it I. .11 lit II lit' il I i| I'.il. iiiil iii>ti I I iiiit I' 'i ii . 

il il \ i I \' iin|i<ii iiiiit iti> iil> I <>i il•■lil^, I Diiii II II iL 

llll'li \\ Ml il Ji tlllli ll Vl> \\ i ill lit , llnili-., Ill illli, .llnl 

hliJi:- 111 I il IV I'l. .11 I III >i| I ill lilli,iili III it K ini-ilntll 
Ul )>|-||.| lljiiill Ills Iklil mill lliilill!, .A III ill v\ Il I illijil- 

l.ll..-) lil(-i iilli- •', Mllil ll-i liiiiiiii ii>l>> llllllli It li^ ,i-l>lii Is 

uiiil .11 1 ill I f, \v nli.iiii 1 1 II I M, lilt' liiiiii. It I', lilt i \ . I > I hi 

|MI:iii I K t)ii\\ li'ii:-_i', .ill. I i\lli) I -lili'. llii I iMlli liiii • III 
ill.' I iV Jul ll V III III III t-i III It ^- II II ill.iii iili-i 1^ 111 I l,|- lilt |M ll 
lllill ■ l\, Itii-^ ^ «'< V Itl I !> I mil l-i I In' I ll l> I III li>i|i It III .it , 

an 1 ill ii'ii>'i III III III 'III 1. '.| .III i iiii II I llii'il \- iili llii- 

\-. Ml :l lit I 111 nil- . lit I I 'In' I ill ll I I ill :| • I 

1( li:l-> l|i'< II lllil I I I'll . III! I I . :• I I : ll .1 ill li III II I. Ill 

lit I lilll.ti-i HI lIlli lllii'i.il lilnl- l!l -1. ll .\< I liihi'i •! Iti> '1 

hll .1 iflllliill til llili'tilt .1 1 I .M.il.l.;. >'.ili ill.: 

• I 

imiii l<>ii ti i'lllli:a >l ll iliii 1 II I •. . .'•Ill ll 1 11. Ill 111 .11 1 III It 
iii\ !i I'll! mil u I till ill' i> > ll III I, III 1 I'l li)i iliil .1 V .1 III - I 111 
i>|il.il lIu' iliitiliiuj li iil.ilii il • I I liiiii^ \-. ItM ill II - ' III 

1' 1 1 Cm-'I iit:i: 



io<) E 8 S A y j»» No. io». 



rxriciftng hi« /kill, in diflufin^ joy through the haunu 
<i( iiiiirry. and in relieving (Ue licki the mitiineU, tht; 
halt, Hiid llie Mind. 

'VUtrr. ii, iitilcnl, roiaethini; godlike in ihe rrifrdical 
|iMift-(fi(jn, when it i^ humanely and di/inierededly ex- 
cui/ed. Kvf ry one, it in true, ouffhi to pAv tliat rt^urd to 
Jntnr.lt, whitli hrudeuic, and a love of nik own lamily 
ilruiund , hut lie who alio detightu in relieving, from 
the rmiWa^tiiinoor fyni|iULhy and a fente of duty, may be 
fuid to re(f nihle the gieul model of every iierfrdliun, Jefuft 
Chi ill, wlio went atiout doing good, and liealing all man* 
nur of iickneib and dileafcn among the jieople. 



No. CVIII. Tllfi COMI'I.AINTS AGAlNh'l 
MOlit'HN MTUHATUKlC VUaHMW.V IM.* 
I'OIJNDhlJi 

/"|*^() (oniidain of the nt-Uui, and to praife the pad, 

X hab UJ long hrrn ihe fuvouiilr topii ff difaii 
|iiMti(iii''iii, f>r til tjf itMiuiK ir, ilt.ti cvriy (triiMurr on (lir? 
i(r^'i-iii-ia< y of itn- (inn -> i-i IfxiKrd iiijnn ai iht* rliiilioii 
ft ill naiiiii-. oj (Itr icliili lit iiijii'i m ial oMrrvahiin 
I'll! lilt- >atilii|iii(y i.t iirt litUMtiii y liiVfillVr iiU}Oi( liOt 
(li piMluilc (lir ( (Hil f riii-iih : (it tituli, icUiU, liuA t*.- 
j I M-tM r. 

'I lif |ii.a<'hif of VII r, or Viitnr, ha*: imlml vaiit'>! ai 
•iillt-if-iii |iriiiiil.:, i.tihri in tlii' ni'nlr, than in tlic (Ir- 
I'll I- ^ \i\i\ til'- Itiifr ttl liti'i ..liiK-: tilt': liifirirtl niufi: VI 
i.j.ui II ^'••liiiioin , ii li..-) i )iiii-linir<} Otiiiir vvitti UiC 
tiii;-!ilill liiHir , :hi>I al i«lii<-i-i hi-) lirrii (litully Ot/rf - 
i!i I 1 <,v>:tl Willi I if •! iil.ii* (: ('1 ii iilriijiiii. 

'Ill ii jrvv ill'" II. Ill- I'l l.Mi jjiiij' ti'ilil llir <*«illl'"l! 
|.rti'>l., i4iiil iff III '/r'H i}-iili- ill'- < mil", it\ Ho Hill lu.itiiHi, 
I- .t i ili. ill I' II i|iili • . mil- h I ililiili , (ill; I'll'/, aitil riu- 
liilidii I.i'il'- lu«>i./i 111 ' iKjiill ir-. \',ilt, liovvi-VM, liit- 
tn I i;i I ' iiiNii..- lt.( jiilli' r i<| thr I ii. u;'r (il tilri.tiy 
ill ;•' III 1 .11 y III til'* |u'1m.I ti,'/'. iiIhI, if it I'f Well 
tiiiiii l'''l, III 'tif' >iV''l ill'' I :ii.'' . Ill il. 

Il 111] h' I II '.lifii.t-l |j/ .III lii^ I'lii'iii . .viiiri, (ti.il :i-j 
r.-iy .I'T li«;; lir •-|| nt.-'ll. 1 [••/ lullir ''lull^lll' , fli'lM 

lit m k 

I. Ill- Il 



Nil, toff. 



MORA I.. Ar. 



ii->>) 



/ 



wliiih it liAo ilniiviiil il« i tiHliin«liiti« n)i|ir|tftlinii I (n 
thn |Hi'(riil^ won- it III lir) liillilipiiiltnti tiy n ii.hiii* Iihiii 
III limit |iii'Vitlriil ItUlliiiitt « iiii|!lil Ik- iiilinl. fl't. ,%^f ^>f 
umlifti CM Iftln yr-ilD, rttiiliiH rvny i itu li n ji || 

ftii itiltlillliill nt itpprrtl III}.* Ill iMIiil. liiuil ittr vnllillliliMiiH 
irhiiii^iiiiihri , iluwii In lltr liiitihlri iii ii ii ilii|iMr| 
III rt ti<-wi|>ujiri . Il n. Iiiiliiril, liiiltli.il In lti|i|iiilr, ili.il 
III <t ^irhl II It III lit I iif loiittirliliHi. fniiii' wniilil ir.ii li 
liir |*i'i/r i fihil llirti llir tiiitwi i lul t iiiiilniirtiiini nf luii | 
if(\ti WMlllil rfir^l liiiiir ftii|n'iiiliiu3 wml . wim h jtiimlit 
ri( i-t'il Mil thr luniliiriiithn iil luii |ii( ilii r ilnia, mi,! 
ilniidliit llir ftilliiiritlii'ii III itir 1. Ill It |i<iltriiiv. |( |i,i,^ 
lilitVr.vri, lirfii iilili'i vi il« tliitt tin 1> in ntuji nl l In- pn iriii 
it|*r la itiil iirr|i, liiinifli iliilki(i\ i- ^ himI lli.il m |>iii 
iliiriiiiiia air iml mi rill iit« llmti^li iiiitiu-if m. 

'I'lir: lllllhi|ilii ll V 1*' I i'lii|i>illliliii^ 11 iiii III fiiliiriil nl 
ttirtl }t4(ly |i|ii{liii'liiiii } fiiul liiilliiuli I-:. Ill |. ill, I jii.- 
Iiiiiijilivr hiiiiil (il lliiii \v:iiii III lit! Ill lit (III I |iiiiiii. 
itii'- lilriftiy dint llir iiniui.ii \miiI>I irii-inlili* r-i. It 1111111. 
Ttlli I'llltliliMlliltii iif lldillii', (vlii'llmi vr^'i'i ililc III :Mitiii.i|. 
A9 liny ill'* ritllt-l nl il llli.V III Ijiriil)/ JMiitVlll. III. 

kiiiivvii III tit^ iliii.iMi- Ki liiiiiliiiii v« Inilil Ml iiiiliili 

lUuiiil. Till' ittili mikI till I I pluMit lit- ltiii^> til ii>ii till V 

allaiti |iri'|«-<^liiiii« lidl iin* llill Iiim^m i lirluii* iln v il • iv 
wlilir- llir JMIlti'lily .iiiil iIm ll.iiiiil {iriilli I) ill \ liiilr, 
iiliitnlt U'illiiii a ilniiiiiil |i utiiiii.'it III itti^ lull 'I 111- 
tiiiiku |j( ViI).m1 I'iM IiIHI llllii Ii iMiii- liitil IiiIhiiii ^ lull 
tliry Itdvrs n^llh'-il m .11 tivii llnuiliiitl vi'mq iiin vi i ImII-/ 
ntliiiiiiil, vvliiln llir I iiiii|Miliiiiiii : I I tliil |»>''i, villi 
tmitliril lir (iililil Willi' Iwu KI lliiii- liiiinliiil viili;i 
wlillci lir Itiiiiil (til iiiir Ir^'. WiH* lull in tl f pen r itliimlt :ia 
dmll (tq lti4l ill Wltn It lliry wru |iiiMtiiiiil 

till! llir lially liillttollnn li| liliiuv \'.-iiil-. a m iiiiulriii 

II llir J t jo mil A ^Mi- III! liliiI'M il ill I III II 1 Ni • llriii ■ , ill mi 
lliP liif'ii I'tidl y littilivi'!-] Ill till II iiulliui-i. 'I III iillii I III 
tltlli lli'llll^ illftllltlllil III lltiiiiillt V« miii III iiilni iiiiiiif ill. Ill 

III liiriiir, Wrti mill*' irlnii-il lni llmii iilmir. wltn \y • 1 r. 
|inllli lllilly aiUjili-tl III till' liilli |iv lli> iMi|>ii|[. q 111 
^I'ltim, liy ln'iliiiui ii|i|iiii liiiiii tl'':. tiiiil ii>' Inn iilii iji 
)i||i itliiiii. til lli'li' tiiiii'i. Iiii\vi\i-i. (Ill- |iii- i. ilinit III 
Hit :tlililiil ib till iMilM li liiiiitlni- i-iiijiiiiviiii iil« mil i> 
|ii ii'lllnt fallii'i l>y ihnlr nlm l» • 1 (In- im •luvrim n. • ..1 

\vV\\\\l\ \ 



vm B 8 8 A ir 8, No. for,* 

liongeri than bf tkofe who are ftimulAted- with the 
hope of immortality. But it is a known truths chat 
avarice con crafts the roind» and renders it incapable of 
elevated fentiments and generous enterprises, Ic ceafes 
therefore to be matter of wonder, that works are defti« 
lute of fpirit, when they proceed not from the noble 
ardour infpired by the Jove of fame, but from the frigid 
incitements of the love of money* 

The depraved taAe of readers is another'canfe of the 
degeneracy of writers* They who write for the public* 
snuft gratify the tafte of the public. In vain are their 
compofitions formed on the model of the bcft writers, 
and regulated by the precepts of the moft judicious 
critics, if they conform not to the popular caprice,, 
and the miAaken judgment of the vulvar. In an age 
when the tafle for reading is oniverfaT, man^ works, 
contemptible both in defign and execution,, wi.l be re- 
ceived oy fome readers, with diftinguifliei applaufe* 
The want of the merits of juft reafoning and pure 
language i&, with the greater part, the half-icarneJ and 
the ignorant no objedion. In truth, uncunn fted 
thouchty, and CuperAcial declamation, are congrniai to 
sninJs unaccunoinrJ to accurate thiiiking, and inrcnfible 
of the cbarm?* of litiithcd c'X« cllcncr. Hence writ:rr$ of 
acknowlrci^ed aliiiitici> anu IcAruinf^ ha%«* been knt \vn, 
when ihry aimed al populnriiy, lo rciinquifh real ex- 
cellence, and aJopt a (allc iattc> in oppolhiuu to their 
own judgment. 

Alter all, it may not pcrh.ips be ahfurd, to attribute 
many of* the complaints agan.ll the prcfeiu flatc of letters 
to ignorance, er.\y, and laprice. In every Uepartmrnt of 
literature, in ih ga\ region^ of fancy, and in the ilenihs 
of philofophy anu Icicnce, niany author^ there arc of 
this iigc and natiott, who have acquired an iHuilrioas 
rcpu.aiion by del.rving it: nnu if they want that 
onginaaty of tn.)i).;ht md fohaity of learning which 
mark fi>mc of inc p(>iu^iiun^ < f our firll writers, yet 
have tiiey a force, elegance, and corrc^lncf& of llyle, ua* 
known to their prcdccciibrs. 



No. CIY. 



No. 109* 



M O U A I., Sir. 



iir 



«■«•• 



No. CIX. ON TIIK rAt'SIH /\NI) lOI.I.Y OF 
OlJiSKN riONS IN A C'Ol'NrKV NEKUI- 
IlOUKtlOOD. 



IT frrma cxirnnt^linnry, thiit wiih nil oui pirirnliom 
to tlic I'nriu) nilW^'iiom iiml ui LluilUiiniiy, tlirir nid 
lew ioiintry towti.^ or vill.tt{i-*<, in wliii ii tin* f.itniliivi, 
whicli nvr icckotipfl j»rnu'i*l l»v ihi* ii|i'.lii oi r-'ii'inr and 
ol rrlf-rllimntiuM, livi* ii|'iin trnni of ioiili.tl v\\i\ iimrro 
Itirtidihtp. i)nr ini^lit, 1 hrlirvr, vnitmr to ^o tar' 
ihtr, mui to {iirrrl, llisit thrir nrr Irw whrir it jiriinnl 
nitiiity nml iliHikr do not link, utuirr ilic riujiinliiy 
oF crrrmtMHouii vifuNi ntul rivil i.iliit.'ition. 

Tlic fountlrition of hII tlir unrnfinvfs is n foolilh 
pii;lr, wliieli, tlu^ij^h it wnn nut ni;ulr for lo weak 11 
vtminrr un nmn. yet mllirrrN (vi i lolil) to him, tl);a Im 
(.tn frldoin divrll liiinlrll of it, witlumt Itn li Hit (fi'oit 
^{^ Irw inind.i nic nldc to in;ik(\ I'luloloidiY ii vninly 
ii|>pltrd ; Tor Irw nrr pKMnlcr tli;in 1 Iiilnfjtjhri'i. Ktli- 
f'loii only k'ixn riroi'liiiUJy ii;ilit:itr i\ vmc Iu ^irrply 
rootrd ; th.»t nniinldc rrlijMon, wliiJi tr.ulu', ii«; t«» luxe 
cnir nri^;|il)onr.i tin ourrrlvi-s ; tnul \slu''li li.i'i iMloniuHl 
iin of a truth which cxprnciKr ahnuihuiily mnfii mim, that 
Item ptidiM'niy cotnrth inntniiion. 

The moll trilUnp, <lillin*Mion (M :ipp'';M.uu'r of lupr- 
liotityi \h lute to cxutr all thr hr.itt i)Uiiiin|>. ct hvirt 
rnvy ami jvalouly. Inllr.-ii-l ol irjcn in)* a* any lorliitiatr 
tvrot whiv.h contrihiilrs to thr hipjiinh of" a nrij-h- 
tour, thr prrnlrr pait rriictly trpmr iit it, an-l nnUa- 
vovii to tciicii thr (atiif.K'ii(iit it in'ipht aiiuul, hv dil 
(^inin.'Uiup {nmr miMiilyin)» Iminih' ct- inlinuatiuii. 
Indrrd, the loilunatr priltm Idmrliinf. drlrivrs (junr 
huniili.iliun ; for hr hi^ iuM|'hl>o(it i au iuiUmx outing; to 
lowci him to thrir own Irvcl, hr, im the oihn hand, 
ollcututiouily dilplny.^ Ion fupriioniy, ;nid lahiuitn to dr. 
pirl." them below their ilito ranL, that his own « Irvaiioti 
ui.'iy l>c mure cunipkt!UU9, Jl would bv entciiainm;* ((» 



lit B S 8 Ay>T <» No. 109* 

bdKiid the little contrifances which the p^tt/jmoy 
faifent ior At pvifjofe oFedipfiaf cttdi octter» irthere 

were not always fboieihing of a malignity wlich dit 
jrofts and knru the nind of an huoume nan. Tlie 
nvalrjr it by no means of an amkable fort ; and thnngk 
the parties are wonderfnUy civil when thnrmeet* thcf 
•ften hate each other wtdi the gieateft inveteracy* 
Nothing wonid, indeed, give them greater pfciaf ni e» 
than to near of each other's lolTes or rom^ though ther 
woald not fiulto vifit on tkeoeeafion, and to fynpadike- 
Jn the politeft and moft aoproved falUon* 

Scandal, indeed, who has lon^ reigned with arbitrary 
finray in conntry towns, is ufoalTy the canfe of all that 
latent hatred which poifons the happinefs of families 
whofe Urth or Cbrtone has pisced them in the fame 
neighbourhood $ and who, enjoying plenty, might alfe- 
enjoy peace, if they coulJ prevail upon them (elves to 
turn a desf ear to the tale-bearer. But fuch is the 
DCTverfeneft or malignity of many, that though they 
have themfelves but jud fuffered from die falfe reporta 
of flanderers, they lif^en, with delight, to the next whid 
pcf , that flies like the arrow in the dark, and wounds a 
neighbour's reputation If any favourable report begins 
to prevail, it is with difficulty ac^mitted ; it is doubted, 
contradided, or extenmted. But there is no lie fo 
improbably falfe, fo little like the truth, but it will 
be joyfully received and believed withopt examination, 
fo long as it tends to lower an ohje^\ of envy in the 
elleem of a neighbourhood, to injure the intereft of a 
rival in vanity, or to wound the heart of him whom 
we hate, only becaufe wc feel the weight of his real 
iuperiority. 

It is to be wiHied, that people would conAder from- 
how contemptible a fource molt of thofe calumnies ori- 
ginate, which induce neighbours to entertain a bad 
opinion of each other, and, in confcquence, to live in 
alUte of conftant, though fecrrt enmity. They ufually 
come from domeiUc fervaitts, who, in revenge for a 

i*uft reprimand, or from the wickcdncfs of an ungrateful 
leart, delight in diilVn^inating the moil cruel tales 
Without the fmallcR foundation in reality. Or, fup* 
pofing fomething (imiJar to the calumny did happen 

ift 



No. 109. M O R A L» &€• it| 

in A neighbour^! houfe. it ia fo difguifed, altered. And 
cxaggertted, by the time it has gone from the top of 
the town to the bottom, that what was, in truth, no 
more than a trifle fcarcely worth attention, becomes n 
charge of a moft atrocious and injurious kind» when it 
has been toflcd from toneue to tongue. The vilefl 
menial Ihall utter a lie, in tne meaneH (hop of the m' i\ 
paltry town ; and, in the fpace of half an hour, it fliall 
be rcpublidied with additions anJ nnbcllifliinenis, as a 
known faA, by theLadv of the Manor. 

The petty oHiccs and diflin£lions of churchwardeni, 
furvryors, mayors, lords of the manor, commillioners 
of turnpike-roads, and Amitar rural dignities, do in- 
deed often fill their pofTefrors, and their Indies, with 
fo high a frnfe of their own importanee, and at ihe 
fame time excite fo much envy in the little minds which 
afpire at fuch little honours, that, in proportion as the 
great prrfonage advances in the path of glory, he is 
oAen obliged to relinquifh the comforts of good neigh* 
bourhood. [t is not, indeed, to be wonclercd at, if 
thofc who have had little or no education, and whofo 
views have been confined to horfes, dogs, and the 
afl^airs of a veiVry and a court. lect, fliould value 
them felvei too much on petty diflin^lion ; and fliouId 
fuppofe the title of JMquirc, Iiord of the Mnnor, or 
JufHcc of Peace, fuch honours as may jullify them in 
treating others with contumely. Neither is it wonder- 
ful, that they who have never wanilered beyond the 
limits of their native pnriOi, fliouKl (urvey fuch dif- 
tinftions with an envious eye. All men ou^^ht, indeed, to 
afpire at diliin^lion. as it may lead them to afoire at 
ufcfulncfs and virtue; but it is cerlJiinly defirable, fir 
the fake of tranquillity, that envy and malice (liould 
not be mixed with laudable emulation. 

Hut there are other ciiifes beiides the love of fcnndal 
and the graiiiicntion of vanity, which powerfully operate 
in interrupting; the harmony of a ^ood neinhbourhood. 
Avarice is the occafion of many ami inaetcrniinablc 
difngrccmcnts. In what part of the rouniry can wr? 
fix our refidence, where fomc of the clergy are not 
objeds of diflikc, bccaufc a regard to their wives and 
children, whofe bread depends upon their lives ,\tvdv3.cci\ 



114 B- S 8 A y S» Jio^^tog^ 

them to in^ft on thofii duet wUch the lawi have aU 
lowed them. The clergyman in the moft deffft part* 
of the country^ it ufually a man of learnings and of a 
polite mind» who might diffufe a tafte for elegant and 
improving converfation ; bat ho it excluded from the 
fociety of his pari(hionert» becanfe he maket a juft 
claim upon their property* The moft (hocking calam* 
niet are propagated againft him and hit family ; every 
thing it done which can mortify and diftrel's him» and 
he is frequently involved for life by the farmers, and 
a ^ctifogger at their head» in vexatious and expenfive 
litigatioti. He who preaches pcace» and who might 
foften, bv the inHucnce of pohlhed mannersi the re- 
mains or brutality among his favage and narrow 
minded neighbours* is hunted by them till he is forced 
to take refuge in the lonely retreat of his parlonage. 

The various meetings which are neceflary to conduft 
parifli and other public bufinefs in the country, are 
often produAive of violent animofities* An oppofition 
formed at a veftry» or a turnpike*meedng» is fometimet 
carried on with more acrimony than- in the Uoufe of 
Com ons. It would not be To lamentable, if the con- 
fcquences of the tUrputc terminairvJ at the time and 
place in which it arofe; but it ufually liiappens, that 
if the gcnt!cmen h^vc dilagrccd in the vcliry* the ladies^ 
at the next tra-cirinking, put on follon locks, and com- 
mcnce a iecret attack on eacli other's pcifons, drcfs^ 
charadcr, and conduCil. Holiilitles, which owe their 
rile to a diitVrence of opinion concerninj; the mending 
of a road, or the ropaiiing of h llreple, are carried ou 
under the cover of oxiiTual civility, and continue Irom 
generation to generation. 

it would be a \cry valuable point gained, if we 
could prevail on the many thoui.inds, who, with all 
the external means of happinef*, lead uncomfortable 
lives ficm the dufcntions of their ncij^hSvHuhood, to 
conuder duly the importance of a fiionvily inicicturfe 
with ihofe in whole vicii.ity thoy have been placed by 
Providence. l'h<*v mav he confidently allui od, :hat no 
plcalure arifing fioni ilnud«l, iiom petty duhncUon?, 
iVora trifling matters of interetl, or from iutlucncc over 
pkrilh or county meetings^ can be compared to the 

fatisfafUoa 



No. tio. MORA Lf See, ti^ 

f.itisfinflion of liviiijj in love, niul in a conll.mt inirrrhnnj^c 
of ihofr good oflicc.i which nllcvialc julvn/ity, nod j'.ivc 
to proipcrity its fwcctrll fiijoyincnts. 'I he cjimhlici 
indtrprnfably nccrn'riry lo the n(iom}>Iilhnirnt of this 
(Icfjrable purpo/c, arc bcncvulciiLC and humility. 



No, ex. TIIK IMPRUDKNCK OK AN KARLY 
ATTACHMIiNT TO ACTING I'LAVS, 

IN A LUTTHR. 



•^« 



A S I wii» 
JjL public 
marking a yc 



S I waft fauntering, a few day.i n^n, on one of the 
wfllks, I could not help particularly re- 
oung man, whofr drcfs fhcwcd tnark.^ of A 
ihabby gentility, and wliofc countenance wore the 
ftfpeft of a fettled melancholy. 

The appearance of wrctcnedncfs, in whatrvf*r fifua- 
tton, 19 alwayn fufriclent to awaken my ruiiofity. J frit 
myhlf irrcfiilibly impelled to enquiie into iUr liillury 
of a pcyfon who feemcd to be compbtrly miirrnMe. 
After having ^Iked n confidcrable time, 1 peri « ived 
him to .throw himfclf, in n. dircc'iiColatc atiiiiHl'% on 
one of the ivfWn of tlip walk. I dlii not fie)»Jc»Jl ilic 
opnoituniiy ; but feniing niyfelf by hii i'h\r, iir- 
vailed on him, pfier fome intioilnfl'My r(»tivrirnti(>n, 
to ^ivc nic his hiiloiy, which he did in the fol.owin^r 
wor.h : 

Yc^, »Sir," fflid he, '* lhnn|;h my prcTrnt appr;ir- 






nnce mav (rem to invnlidalr my i\{]tvt\nn, 1 .•/I'lir yr\\ 
" 1 wa-. the ion of one c»f tlir U]nl\ cpul'Mii iiiulrr.i 
** in the melinp(;li'?. I mij-Jjl .M tliir. I'linr lunr b'-rii 
" ciijoyin;^ all llw hapiiiic^ tkJ jililuf'K'' i ;in bellow ; 
*' biit now, .nhn! 1 have no ulifjr lo l.iy my In ad, 
** no K f'l^^r to whirh 1 ( r.n II / Im { (.mloi t. I .in .iImii- 
*' donrd to the wide world wiiIiomi a fii'ud ; and onn 
*' < onfjilerafion nj^j'.ravntcM a'l my milny 1 hivr d'> 
*' (erved my (u/lrriii^yj, and i .uuiot jnilly < oiii|i!.iin." 

IIcic he paufed to cotifal :i tear wliidi wa-i jiifl. 

builUng from his eyes. Alien he had a liulc ivcovtuvl 



l<* B • • A Y li N^ifo* 

kUnMfi kit (i>«AliiHmcf gndwUjr gfw mart (^mitt 
•ii4 kf jproctrd 4 ndfk Itfii ttiotloii. 

** Wkvn I WM HI ikf 11(0 of i4i»viiit my fciliw 
<« pUeed urn m » (vlfbnutil (i«mm«r«}bko0|«. 
<« th^re I fppiu tke kuppiffft diiyi of my liliPf NMom. 
** M I w»« (Pidf hiid fffvfn me piirii i I miidf • mpia 
'* progrvi^ in chti^^l ifurntng i all wft» $nw»ni^ 
^< mf All nil WM hofpi ftiid nil wm kuppineftt Bud in 
^* tkf midft of my improfvmrni. my flubfr reived. 
'< In ojppoArion to the ndvicf of m¥ mnftfr* ft> rtmovo 
^^ me (Tom fchopl. And to (^ttU me in bU own rounting* 
«« iiou(^. My mfifter urged, tbiit tkongh I migbi per« 
<^ bftpft (Ueeefd in » Unfiled ppofefloot yei tbe vivacity 
*' of 9iy difpofiiion would be enobtncle to mv proftie« 
'* Hty in n merc«ptil« employmeott My fntrier. (en* 
<* Able of the lueretive adv»iiu|e» of an eftabU(be4 
*f Mdoi wan deaf to tbel'e feaMmftraoeei i and on n 
'* mtal day I entered into engagemenH to plod ai th# 
^* deik and tbe eonnter ftv ^en yeaiit 

'* Bnt natnee It not i» W eonftrained by Indentoie*, 
^* Inftead of failing up ftimt. and mea(brln| ellt, I rnf 
** ployed my tima in the perufkl of Sbaicerp^ara, in 
** compofing eiiilogMefi una farcei^, Hiid in dlVcufling 
** the merits of every new dramatic punlaAiiin. Ih- 
** Hdad ef fpending my eveninjrs in poiHng accnunti. 
** and examining my Itrdger, X wa6 alwayft attending 
*♦ the performaiiced of a Foote or a Garrick. At length, 
** by couftantly frfquenting the playhouffs, and mining 
•* with contem)nible rcinlills, who called themfulve* 
** theatrical criilib, I became fo enamourc^d tjf the 
*^ Oage, as to look upon dramatic entertainmentb at 
** cciiiflitutiug the in It impoitant huiincftt, at well at 
** the moll agreeable mjoyment of human life. The 
** (liop continually refouudtd with my rants, U% imiia- 
** tion of fome favourite a^tc^r i and I went fo far ui 
** to treat with the liurLhaft^r^ of a yard of Irilh, with » 
** theatrical tonei and a dramatic ahiun. 

** 1 had fo great an opinion of my own talents, that, 
** like the immortal bhakefpeare, I was ambitious of 
** (htning both as an a^tor and a writer, Accordingly 
** I finiihed a comedy with grcrat care and pains, and 
** prefented it to one df the managers, who returnrJ 



No. no. MORA L, Arc. n; 



fl I 
fl t 
•fl 



ifl 

«c 



ii upon my li.indff, with rviilr*nt initLn of cnntrmpf. 
Hv 11(1 iiir.iii< ilrjr^lrc], I WAn irfolvrd io try my I'lti . 
trli .!< nil ih'int. Dnt Iwiviii)*, v«'icli fi^rr.ii ililftiiiliy, 
ol)iiiii)i'i] |irriiiilitnii tn ((mmU lir-ldi- lir iniiiiNi'.rri, 
ni)'] .luhl' ttf iht'ii liiriiil-:, wlui /rriiicd lo enjoy 
• my 'liH^'l':, I V !V n;».'tiii "'jr !ri| 

* Tlioiiph 1 uiwM ' >i fiiorr' ii tin* (liratrn, I wai 
•• rcfnlvril »n r\rt\ n.. iI' itiit :it (|'ni|(|:>|i ,nil ilif- 
" plltlii)^ cliili^ All 1 in'ii'. Miilrrd, 1 r iU\v iiiiiilr a 
'* (f)tif|i|i-iHMii ri;;iiif*, .!'■ I liii'l i'' :i(lv.iiir.i(»r of ii 
*' (')iiffu'ni rilih'.iMoii, atiil iikH' iI iiiv r fiiiijiciiioi': liiul 
" no riliii .iliiHi ill :ill. hi* In- il ii.i, •» i.ini |M|ii(-.n ni 

" iplij|{inn. ]tMiiiiii^>, :iiii| jinliti' '. I did iiHrJ with 
•• moir vnluliiliiy lii.iii ihr jM;ivrll pirViir, ihr |MO- 
" liitihilrd iirnilritiit , m the (i(ili>r|| l):iit*lin;in. lliii I 
tiiiiiiiphnl, HI it wnr, withmii .in rMrmy, iind ihr 
Liiilily 1)1 ihr < oni)tirll ilitiiiiiidir I thr |Ylr.iluir of it. 
I lonn hrc tiiiir wrniy ol iliy HijMimr-nijKioti, hiuI 
" raycily p.'iiilril to \vr:ii thr iMifkin. :iti<| lo mouth the 
" foiioiciii.'i priioiU ol' h>inr tinf^.ir hud. 

" Il hnpprncil tlinl I hiid foimrd n roiinnMitm 
*' with u yoiiM^* innnhrr of thr rliilf, wholr i;rniii^ wn 
** rntiirtv limd.ir lo my own, uml who h.id hern in 
" p.df^rd with n Ihtdlinp, (-umpany of pl.tvrii. llr h.iil 
'* oltrii fcdiciird mr to y^^t with hiin itn iiii ;u'iiii}{ loiir 
" into th(* lioith of I'.ii.'hiiid, ;iiid I hml ni olirit ir 
" ftifrd, from ti plimiplrfif piidr. Milt Hi Iriifjh, ;in 
•• nrdrnt tlrtirr v\ rxhihilinj; on ;i llu|.'r, nvnr.imr rvriy 
■• rrvArJ to duty, iind rvrry «oiiipiMu'lif>n n| iiinhirnr'*. 
*' I 111 A fAtfil hour (I lihifh lo nn-iiiioM it). I rnihr//.trd 
** II (urn of mtniry wilh \vhi< h 1 w:ii Inilird in thr 
couifr of hurmrin, piiil(<*<l up my thithri iiml :u - 
minpAnird n frt cd" v.ij'nhninl'.. who, like mykll, h.id 
aliandoiird rvny irpiitiililr m i iip.iiidn. {itid drvotrd 
thi'Uifrlvrfl to iiihiiny nnd iiiiii^;f'iii r, lor ihr t.ikr* of 
rnjoyiiif^ the plriudim ol it trw niilicN iifrrmbird in ;i 
•' biirn. 

•• AntI now rtinimriMTi thr ;rt.i of iill mv mifrry. 
" Thr iiioiiry ] h:ld h.iudulriiily litlu'ii, \v:\n focni 
" ((Mmndrird .iwny in n huirty (d ihuufOiilrli inoiinli, 
" wlio irfrnidrd not in moirow. if ihrytouhl fr.dl to- 
** ilrty. Wc wciT, indeed, icccivcd wilh npphudr ^ 



•I 
t« 
If 
• I 
1 1 



Ill B 8 8 A r 8| No«iio. 

«* but the aadUnei wm commenly A ftunty, that tlit 
^' expencei of repreAntmion oft«n exceeded the re« 
** cefpti. In every town we were looked upon with 
^' AifpldoQ, nnd treated ei vagrtnti* IVe were (bme- 
^< time* reduced to Aich extremltlei. by the evpencei 
** of travelling, and the loflba of aAins to empty 
4' barnit that we have wanted even food to fupport 
^* nature. Above cbarity» we could not be rellevcJ. 
^* and deftltute of credit, we could not be trufted. At 
<' length I faw my folly, and after varloui refolves, 
^« fent to a friend to enquire whether my father wa« 
^' dl(]H>red to receive me, fliould 1 return and confefi 
^* my fault. How, alai I wai I (truck, when I wai 
^< told In anfwer, that my father died a few day* ago 
<* of a broken heart i and that hit deach wai fa fudden« 
*< that be had not time to alter hi« will, in which, in 
^* the flrft rage after hia difcovery of my elopementi ho 
4< had cut me off with a (hilling. 

** It ii impoflible to give you an adeouate Idea of 
** my grief on thii occafion, and I fhall only inform 
<< you, that it would have proved fatal, had it not 
• « been foon removed by emotioni of a different kind. 
•* During my indifpofiiion, one uf the aftreflci of uiu 
** company, whufe Ix^auiy n only rxceejrd by the 
*< |U)ot(helb (if iicr hrwrr, watched mo with all tho 
«• anxiety uf a parent, and looiht^d me under the hor- 
•' rors of ilefpair, with the foltcll hlandilhrnrniii of 
** tendcrneiii. 1 foon felt a ilamc kindling in my 
•* bread, which waa anfwrreil with a fympathrtic 
** paffion. Jn (lion, I wab no foontr rrllorcri) to hralili 
•• and vigour, thiin I married the lovrly I'.mily ; wtt 
•* have now ht^cn unilrd near u year, and yrllrrday Iho 
•' wa« fafrly dtdivrred of iwinu. That Oic iit well, 
** thank lTc?aven i but, alai, ihc reliction, that I am 
<< drditutr of all tho meani that can give her rafc*, or 
** provide for her offupring, iharprnn all the durta of 
•• ill fortune, and embittcrk rvvry woe.** 

Here he Aopped, And 1 waa obli|>;c^J to leave him, 
after having given him an invitation to my houfe. 
where 1 hope to be al)le to alleviate hia mifcfortunciC 
without hurting hia fenfibility. Hut 1 cannot help 
txprcffing my wi(h, that all who, deluded by a heated 

imagination, 



Ni«. 111. 



M O H A 1., Ai. 



ti9 



int -.trtii ilii)il« li ('! tlt<'ihl> li-i'ft iit( liiK'.i III tjiiii itiriniii 
tiiili III a jtiiiriii itiilt it iiiiiiii', ill |iiiiliiii xii ii I'liil. lii Ml 

Wllli It l3 (•it'tillilli il liV litiv, tlllil i^ tilt il t iillltiiUltv III 

l.tild nil ila Itilliiiirii mill IV' *tiiil ililpinr, iiiciy avtiUl 
ttia V\ itili l|t:i||ll'ta« II)' aViMililli* 111) I oitillli'l. 



Ni>. t'XI. i»N Till. I'M- IM'IM:-. or HMI.i.i 

'I'lON. 



^1 ^llA'r llic iniiiiviariii) til ill. ^ mull til lit. Iiiij* i\ 

J[ llU'll lltit |tll illllll a |i| ll'lllt^ II tl II mil t (lllfl Hi tl 

|iy rill vvliM aim iiiii.tlilt* nl i.i-iiiii^ itu Itiuliiri nl 
liiiiiklii^ ill itiiii lull \ii!iiiii. lint iiv ilii-li- |tl. .iltiii I 
alc; ^riit'irtlly iiiiitiilliiiiil liililiiiu: i niid nt|iliiiitiiii cu 

Itlliji I'U ti| It It' III t' ali'l ittlltl tll>: •ill.|illilll.ili , I Mitit ill I i 1.1 
lliilia tvtllt It I lilt Hilly Im: thi-- irliilt nl iim i<iituiciii |ini^ii4^ 
4liil c'^d <i«iiitiiiiiiy illiiila. 

liill llti 11^ (»IF tlilillc'iMiliil jili'ithiir} i>f iiiiiltii I 1. iii.l , 1(1 

I lie riijiivlilriil ii| with ll. m II hi' I y\* .il iil'iinu -: mn Ir.n n 
lliu <tlt- ii't|liili-il. 't'lli'l.' fill' iitiiilli. 1 tti.iii ill. |ili' iliiii i 
til It ll'uMiuiij v\ liit h rtic* ii}i> II III ill' illiiri il. II. I t li.iiiii , 
ai Wt'll eta III lilt: l>t|!r |ihrtiin|ili( I :iiiil imilliliil. l«i|ii. 
tit lltt' ltv.':rlt'll l.tli::|iii'liiili 3 nl jiiiiitni iit> . 

'rlll'lt: itltl |r\V ivltil llitti- Illi( (ill |ii. ii.iiii- Itiililiiiii 
rtltlilig tlliiil il ll'lliil|ic:i'ti\r Vli \\- til ill. Ii.lt |i. Ii.. I 111 
lli.'ll ItVt'a. 'Ill It'iiillii't till' |ilii*iili- .iiiiiili nil III :. ill. 
h. [ly cili %|rlii-:i, ttliil itn'- t (tif t I |iillluil: iif i In I. Iji. ■. i.| ^ 

II A 1 idi. lit \\ liii tl III I ill lit* til 1 1 I I .11111111111 III lilil. I t I 
lli.tl nil lilt illli|'i'l ilii nil II iKvi II \\n\i hli II III. :|iii.. 
It-} lli«* liM\ illi lii<t.'i iiinl w .iiiliiii |ii III .1 t\ till It ill. V 

|i| liMlilll III l< It till I 1 111 tli> II \ tl> il.l lo.l : 1 1 I. 1 f. II !l ii 

llllll(' III I illlljil.tl t III ^ « illl I >l l\ 1 I It I . .■ I . I , nil I III I. . Ill II 
U III tl tli'iltlll i;tii\\iil l>li ill. ill. I., \\ ll< It liiil) liiiil: 

twiiiiK.l itir tu'iiitj uiut w til II (I'll ilitiii^- ill. till \r'j ,•. iili 

\ llMllll . 

1 itiitilirtb iritiiii I: I'll, ititl i-vi-iiId I 111' iiiiiit ilil'ii'iri: 
ittili:^ iltilllip^ llii'll iiliiiii ili-ili' lliMiKliii, pill (111 l^ 
i|ttiliit' I'll i&tai't lull vx tun itti II I nil !• ijiu lu •-) li 1 1 1 1 1 iiii .| , 
ailii .1'. til da liilrttra liia i tniijitiiitnii.'-^ mull 1 itir liiti iljlii|>>> 



fikm I 8 a A Y S. No. II 

they tnilurrd, with iho confitlcratiAn, ihfti iht rmm 
b»n» r<r ihi-if rulTrrinet w>>iild oke dty fi<« itic 
(Kii>r*tli(iii. Th^t th«le r«niimenii *n jaft, U wi 
known to (holt wliu hive cnjaycJ the coiivfrfttM 
ot' the loliJirr. tl«iilrt| tklrraUhUi ami fiqiM. at wM( 
pcthnpi, lie urniMfd ilurliijt ihi u^tictii, rMtnilli hi 
wUk loplci nf roiivrifdtlon, and Iburrri of pUafai 
fw ibv tcin*iiiJr( nf hit hf». 

RcKrAinn i> tha funptrcft cmpluymrnr, and |l 
fwinrll faiiifarlton, in a niiional clJ *ce. Del|]iutl< 
Jlivncih an>t viguur, nMvlIuy for boJilr ixcnioai. u 
l\iTnl%r-l with •>lirfrvtiior>i by «irp«(trn<:c. the old ni 
tndi hit gmttll iilrafure to conTilt in wanilrtint In iin 
f inailvn over pad (crn» oi' (lrli||hi, in rrcnuntinj U 
ailvmiurci of hli youih, ihe viciAiiuiln of human lU 
and (h« |tubli>; evroii ix wliith Kp ii [iniml uf hayit 
litfln an tye-vi»ttt(*- Of fii c)c*1i«d a natai* an lh> 
rnjnymenti, that ilieolii^^iAi havr nni helitiicd to nflti 
that ID recolWA a wvU-lpcnt life, U to antkipaia it 
hlift of a futam txUUittt. 

The prof«(lbn of pMlofophy. who will b« Mirnai 

IrdgfJ Irt have niiJcrllooJ the nature of Cm* and M 
Ranliul plralu" beiirr lliaii ilir hufy, ihe j[«v. and ll 
dlffipaird, haoc tvtr Ihcwo a pmlilr^oti lur prirai 
and Miiudc. Nii uihet raul<' have ihey alRgntJ K 
their (ontluM in fofraitinjt (iKitty, ihan thjit i he nni 
and hurry ofihe world ii incompatible with ihe »crt)< 
of calm Tcafon and difpaffionaie rcHci\ian, Tl 
apopklhegm of that aniicnr, who faid, " he waa nevt 
*' lef) alone than when by himCelf," ii not to be conl 
dered merely aian epigrammatic turn. In vain waa Itt 
purftie phtlafophy in the Subutraj (he waa only to I 
counrd with fucccft, ia the fequeAered ihade of rur 
redrement. 

Were the poweri of reRcflion cultivated by habi 
inankiod woald at all tlmei be able to derive a plealbi 
from their own bnattt, a* rational ai it is exalted. T 
the attainment of (hit hapiiinefi, a ftrifl adherenct I 
the rulci of virtue it necelTary i for let it be rama 
ber«d, that none can feel the pleafurei of reSe^liM 
who do not enjoy Ui« puct of innocMce. 

' N». CXU 



No. 112. MORA L, ke. 121 



No. CXI I. HINTS TO TllOSt WHO AHK 
DUSIUNhl) FUA THU IMlOKKSblON OK TliU 
hAW. 



T 



II K R K is no order in the iionimuniiy more coiw 
_ tempt iblis tlun that off iliole pr4i^tiiliiiin.i in ilui 
law, who, without one liheral piiuciplc ot jiiilica or 
ei|uiiy, poillH'ii a Hiill in liiilc elle hut i|iiihl)L-:i, and in 
thole poinia by whitli villany is taught in {iioi-eril 
with iiiifiunity, cunning enabled to iludc (he Ipiiii hy 
mirrriirt'fcniing the letter, and truth pt'r)>leM:d, oh- 
fcurril, und loll, in the mazes ot chivanrry. It it 
indeed lurpriling, that many who call ihrinielvcs men 
(il hoiiuur, and who profelli to have had a lilieial 
edneaiion, (liould allow ihemlrlve-i, in the pravMice at 
tlirir jiroK'Huin, Lo adut pulpaldj t.iKi-hoiid in urdi-i Ui 
conlii'tind the elearell evideuKi i and drh'iu), wiiii all ilie 
uppcirance oHincere conxiciicu, wh.ti iluy kimw di htf 
uiilef. itliUlir. It i:i nul an adiiiillilili: .ipcilui' y to alKiiy 
liiai iheir piidi'lliun reiiuiivi huh an hl>tliuu-ni ; toi a 
I'lniilar jullilication nti^hi hr. iiii'i'ied hv ihc ihaiprr 
(il- the highwayman. There .tn*, uniltiulni .My, n-iiiin 
lawa ot honiiUr auvt truih < lluhlilhcd iu ihi- heaii i.t' 
every htuieilman, ot uhidi noicgaid tcr luiitr, aihl im 
jrluitieal pretence ol |>i(ttLiiiuiial luuliii), lan Jnlliiy 
ilie inliingemenc. 

'J'here feiin:), inileed, to he a very inidti tunitt^ riiin* 
in many amonii; the tlndrnt^ dt ilie 1 iw, who valiirt 
ahilitieb and technical kiuiwlt .li';- at a hi]'Ji r.iii', hue 
Uiiertain m* gicai < Iti-i-ni t.ir j*ii.)iliit'ii i>t Iumii, aiul 
hilegriiy ot conduiM. Wltili* the woiM .til 'V. > ihiin 
iiiiililit'^ anil knuvsliiI^M*, i]i> y d.-pi ml vmiIi i. • luiiy tni 
iuccerb, though ihey llioiiM he iiudu ii>iiil> in. 1. - ii.u > in 
puhlic, and deljanelu'il in piaai.- IjI -. Iu>!.-iil, ilu y 
iuve had living exantplib to piii\< , iliii Im^Mii-i had 
the moralh (d the man, It ilit^ iiniMult m t- .tiul i'I(m|iuiii e 
u( ij|i: lawyer are appiovetl, hi: ni ty l>.t\(^ wli.ii liiiit>i 
tie pleafe;}, and even im uiUatuiil Lo the ili^uiiy nt ii 
Vol.. 11. (i VaaA 



ill 



V. ^ n A V fi, 



• '/. / 1 




f ' ■ '• • '•''..'' '1 \\ ■ '■ ■ . 'i- / f . ' ^' ■' f .1 

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.:' ' ..■ '».. "» r..r f ;,'|-, .:•.', fi #. / i ;.'j-' ;f ■; ... ' 

.. : v.! J i ..: i.iU. J. .;;i .vi* .• ;;i',; ' ' : ' ; ,'. ' • ■ ' t .«. ■ 
'.'./''! ♦'# .. I» I'l f/. .. i. 'i.i, ■ ' ' " • 



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. '• ^'I'.i '.■ . I'll';'/ 7M.' .1 ,:''',.';. j I ■:. J ' ■; ;j I.;'! 

:■.'.'. 'I. '-'I !ii.' ';.■•; iif'- J-. f.'j'.f*. :?.-: •:, i» i ;,-.■' 

', ! ' , f '. ' ■/.!■. fit':'': J' • /.'■ ',.!'' ';! ' j "»»-:*', 'i , i, '. 

■ i • I . ■ / ' ' . f ;'.■..,'. ! ' ' : I , ' I ; ' , ' .' t , . " i r . « i M ? » , ; • 

.« .. '',•.'..'.•'. .1. /:,:' :.-.. '. r ',''•'. -'i J •« ''•'■ 
' ' f J -ii .'i ; ' ' I I' f ' ■/:,!' ;. / -. »'i ' ' J' :. ' 'I !./ ii'ifi,. ; j 

'■;/...' ^ . . ;• I ;.li.'' I / Ti j.' ; I'.i f • '.-.'.i-.' :> * ',• /y ,, ■ »"-,# 

I' ..J 



, Willi lltaii tidlrtt ft|i|trilila{tci|, ■ prf|A£i^ RltiJ « 



nil, 



lilt irl^irH Ui lh# liifittn nl |itP)iai<iliiiii fdi* fliia 

Iticiii, 1 (m, wiiti ir|ftrl« lltrti mi illiiin^tl iiiniltiitl 

htaf whUh iiMlfilU 111 111111111111^ llin liiliilft (itlviii rttif, 

I ilriiv III ft hiric lirtiil'A iiMiHlittft Itiilld*, In ihn tlr(li 

mtn |i»fiililiii|{ Iftwyrit ittiil lum liiti){ liiiit llir (ii^ 

y liiiliiinl« (tlitiull ti|0i tidlin ilily. Tlirir lln Ilia, iiiiij 

'» ft ^irdl Itunillfil III ilty liililialllira, (Ui'h ita, ll tin 

tlotl III tttmii^ (tiiilil Hill itilfii-^it Ills iiihtil I fill It, ill- 

. a«j WilltiHil n Iditiftikrtlili' iliiliictfa of illl|iiiliiiiili. 

lllllcit fKldliil III, Altrl Ulifiiliiii^ lilt Ir-vnitl yritl* 

Iiittii4i(tl ritl|itciynt0iil« fi3 lifttritiitiv, ami (miirt^ 

lllirial lluii llirti III itin wtiivri- III' llici Wrtli lirtlrtkni ^ 

i||«cf4 liiillin l<i|iiliiUl)l(i lirtiilllm I liiiiliiiUlilr. ih> 

I 111 (iiiiir iii(|ifii*U, fl» lict lt(t« |iiiihallly m iiuiiFd ii 

ilr^tl III llifti liivv illiil ililly iiiiiilur^ Aiiil iliiil ildi • 

ftiul ifMlluidil tllititf* III itllllUlll^, wlllill ft lltifitltl 

I tvmilil ilrlptln inn titiii It In li>i titili* in iti iiuiii*. 
*t fia il wrtr, ft Ihlilri , diul c iiii i|<iii i iil>\vc-ln ill 
Ifttk ftllU Imtl loirjlri III itif liruil. In c:ilili llmtit 
inlttvr fttt|(-i'(*!, tvtiji It ll iiHHi' }.-. Ill lulls uiiniLiI 

II iiiil ciripii III riiliiiUr. 

hit tiii(9 nil ihili.l 111 riiii\ nil' at tin <-li^> itilr (|Ik«i iiq nl 
riiic- 111 titri ihiilv nl liic l.i'v i.-!, iii i iil.iipr (In i :i 
V ••! itit' niiiut tiy il iii<ilt I iiiii|iii'ltr iilivr ainl i liilin :i! 
.itiiiii } rtitil itif II III (uiiiilii ll unit ImiK iniiliiiii 111 
,- l||i I ID 111 |ltlll|:ill i llilW ll ilur. ,'\ L'i ili'lrtl Mini I II 

• 1 |>!llliilil|'llVi lllill-ti. ti.lllll.lt. Illl'l lltl iiImsMi .ll, 

II III liiltlt llicf 111 111 jlLlll:- 111 till ItllllM liljii I (ll im'I iiir, 
liii= tlimiM III- (lilili'il )iiltiiM« fiiilMiil uiiil iiiiiili'iii t 

III) {III l1|l tl>|i III I , tlllil .1 jillll III II ill i|ll:lllllaUl •• 
till l|Mill 111 \:lWi 111 :ll! lilt inlll.'lil ll.il|ii||-t III 

lilt I V I III I u .111*1 .11 • Hi .1(1 iilili M ll mil 111 I III II .nil I 

III I -I 1 1 lit! ill III ll sliUli'ti . :iiiil I il' « II t iir 1 i>( I IIII 

,' tir nil iilriii >' .iiiij liiiiit nut «■ lii'MiJil i<iiii|i|i|t iIm-- 

I 'nil it llliliilil Ii>' ill! |i|< |-.ll Uliilt i W li ll li I '« 

.IV- 1 .1 l|i'4il V 1* ' II Hilt l>ilii« I ilii> :. I I • II i in lull III I ilii 
nir ill (i«, rt*) v\ i'll (la 11 I I \ nt In i !• i tiiii:i |il • |i ti .it liHi, 
lllliiil« ftllil ll|(i |ll|ii< III I illi •! In li|i- ii.ll. |iili-Y ft 

' u lu ii\i;i Ina |Mi>\iii I >'•! Ii.iu ^ttiiJ ]*i|.^ l;iiL i****! 

I. : lUlli 



IS4 X I I A Y i, Vo.Ui. 

ftfltti tfp i pUidtr t tnif to unimake Mjr cmft iicbir 
of wopeny, or of lift. 

Whoovf lui mad clw wofki of Clctto^ will n m$ m ht r 
bow f mc A Aart of iMrniiif ho loqirfrM io hi* orator, 
who w«i« lodoidf A pleador, or odvootte ) but tot fiick 
« pltttdcr, or fmrh An AdvocAto, u oiAiiif of dMBr who 
hAvo difgriced f hi modem coorti of JodkiCim* Tht 
mif lUtefflioii of Room fomorcod tbo chirAlUr of 
umytn with a ficuMu dlpAtft ookaowa to Modem 
ittftittttloot* Adorotd with philoAphy^ At wt It m§ low, 
ihty defttiidcd to tho courtf to deftod ihtir climci i 
not with tho hojjc of a pittry fee, bat induced by tho 
part motivci of mcnddiip And hanAoity $ b)f a denre of 
doing |ood« And a rrgArd for JaMcw« Mm, it if tnio» 
tniift live br their profcfiooi I And, therefore^ thodit 
ifitrreftcdneii of the entieotf • who hid other relborceif 
CAnnot be oniverfAtly imitited. Bo(, ftircly« in ao Age 
thit orrtendi to pecaliAr illttminAtioo And pliitAnthropf » 
And in A jMople who heire looy prpfefled a mot bn otAoo 
religion* it u wonderful to find men, who AHfaote A 
ioiportent a profefton, reedy to defend any 4do for pofi 
and dthidnf thctr chera^ff by en iffWIition of eir« 
frrme libertinifm, of inftdelit/, and of tttry kind of 
profligflcv, which tendi to harden the hearf, and to 
rif;i(lrn tnc feeling* of humanity, no left than to ftifle 
the fcoiimentt of true honour. 



No.CXllL ONSOMEINCONVP.NIENtEftWHrcjII 

unavoiuahly ATTENr; living writers. 



XII R compofition of a book ha« oft«n been com* 
pared to the furnifhing of a frail, in which* 
rvcr irt may have l>fcn exerted, and variety pro« 
ducedf it (eldom happeni that tvtty palate i» ruaally 

Jileafcd. 8oroftime« the di(he» are not drttCtd and 
rjfuned a* they oej^ht to be; and fometime* the organs 
of fcnfation in the gucfl» are languid and indifpofed* 

No 



No. 1 1 J. MORAL, 5fC. i >r 

Nn woik, hnivrvrr i*KrrlIc-ii(, rvfr yc-C a|)|irairil, mIiui') 
Hda tuil liliiincil, A^ well Uft pritilril, liy iHiiny i hut «• « 
lirliiaie luit (u |uitmuiiu'tt iliiii ^ixul, ivhitli icuuii-, 
during ti iUiillilcTiiljle liiiir, a iiiajniiiy at iixtUit^^cn m 
iia lavtiur. I.ciiij*iiiiift, I'riy jraliHulily, iiukra ilu* l.t 
tiiuidlilc if|iiiiiuii ul Vitiiiiu» iiii(iiiii», toi iiiuiiy ^^y^'--, ^m 
iiiUllibltf iriiriidii ul mii uuiliiuS Jiii^iiltti r^iillciiii- 
Aitil it lb ceruiii, lliut m call in i|iit*ltiitit chr iiimia nf 
iliuf'c; bnoki wliiili linvc liniu luuii-cii ilicji iiuiliti , 
iiiiurihuitfai iiuiru u* ililtj^iaie U10C11111, ihrni to lUitiiimh 
ilir ic*|iuliiiiiiu til thr Hiiiliiii. 

Hut it i» hill 111 with liviii|r wricns. Tltcy Lilttmr 
iitulrr priuliar ilildilvantjgi'k i nut unly finiii ilic thf 
litulty itl arriviii)* at itiihiu'tuui atin iti 111. my illiiiijiius 
(urilrirllora, but h«iiii thr pujuilitca aiul lUr ri.\ y ul 
ilirir ri|uala uiul i'ttiiitfiii|ioiaiica. Mm have; iiKx.ty-> It ii 
an incliitatiun 10 rxali ilrparicil )>riiiu>, iii)i ml) It. i.i 
a liiu'crd Ailmiratioh ul ii« bin alio with a Idn-i ilt-im^ 
10 ilrgriide livinf( iiieiic, by tntroiliuin).* an ii.u»ti.ii4 
^oiii|mrilnn. No unr Hl|iiiea at ihr (lilliiK'tiuna i.f r..i 
tune, or civil bniuiuia, without rhtiiini.; jr.iluuly ai .1 
riivy. It wuiilil iw ihcfrrNuct uiiiraliiuiiblr lo hi|i|>uf.'. 
ihat liirrary aiiibiiioa IhouUl be r^i-iii|iirtl Iihih lUr 
aileiulaiua uf all ainbiiitin. It aiiiu ai |.ciuli.ii ilittii.i 
tiun, ail J iniUl ihciclme rxiitr prmliar ii|*|>tifiiiiHi. 

'riii-ic iirvrr yet vva» a iiiiiral wiitrr, hnwrvrr liinrji*. 
wlinlr lile ami c'xirinal luanuria iiiiii('|itini)c*it, iiic\fiv' 
Irl'jicVt, with ihf ili|.Mii(v i>l bia wiitiiiL'a ; aiul whu tU.l 
Hill, ill Unuv ilt-^^ic-r, ililj)i))c)iiii lhi>lr wIkj wnr Inl, 
hy ibr atliniicttitui ul hia vsnikii, in apittnaih tm iirilnii, 
iitul 10 Irrk hin Ldiiipftny ami tiiiivci Itiiiuii in thr lUiii 
liaiy li'cnra t»l Ktltlillal lilr. Ton hi}.'h itti rxin iMiiliuii ii 
iiliitilly liiiini'tl til him i and wctlo mit itmhtln, tlnti m 
lu) boiik wc liiiiry only ihr pi^tiMr nf hia iiiiiid i a pti 
\\i\t, Mhiih ia niiull\ hillirit rtml tlifiumril \,\ itiriiu.-v 
irjiiir in whuh it la ituiliiiid. Wtuu iir fui il(i\\ii (•• 
Wllir, bia (mil Wua piobulilv in ita |>i(i|ii 1 iLilr , nil 

Ijiiiitual, ami all niniMiipltttii c. Nn (uonci \ia> Ih* 
Juiil itltiU* hia jii'ii, tiittl ill |i. till li hunt hi.-> liliiius, lli.m 
hr ia iiriillaiiiv ch^a^ril lu llir liiuininti |i(mIuiI-) it 
liiaiikliiili ctnil ilil|ilav 3, lil> t- ilii III, niitiM fi.nliiir, m..! 
uiaiiy III ibultf laulla ^hith he haa \c-iy (nucicls vww 



%a B « I A Y t, N 

(Umui In Mf ^^ • B«i mlif n i 

ftm^X of f M i M J fftrtt biiholili chib 411 
bctwMA ehf w i k m4 iU bebtvioiir, 

C'cdpitfttdy flba I tj indMlfci hii c«nfiKN 
iffti to d«/]»ir« li wnofiif 4U A diftifici* k«td 
Tlitti iff •Mflilfi 11 !ftli mtiiAtori multiflMi « 
any other ftUlogf 1 pare of tho injimd ] 
diAft tho cofHAoo luifi ftttimdMC on fb 

improvtd Attt of nui n oatttrf • FotUoi and 
whkh would fettrctly be notkcd in otborif art nt 
lemarkadift hlffl^ but rtmoAbtrfd and ralatad ir 

S»aiiy ai nattar of antertalfttnafltt Kvan kti A 
I aoubtad, aad tba writii* if lowered i^ the 
feAii^ni of (be man i thougb the imp erfc«lon« ai 
the eoffifflon ehardAeriflici of Kamanity. If I 
written agaiaft avarice or ambitiont and happe 
^oneil indttitry or good farttme^ to gain money or | 
tloHj b« h iinmeduitely reprefeAfroai a bypoerite 
withftanding be oi^y buve afemilydegendrnt op 
ff^f (upp^tif (If Ally hiive wo^n bimfeir out in the 
of the pubtiCi without feckini^ ttt ^ftlriintf ativ 
em<»htiii«tit than whut mny nfiord htm An hunit 
quiet rctrcut in hit old Agr. 

It h not eafy to write, without fom^tmrfi npf 
to iifluttie an Air of fuDtriority. Mornl ptarcpt? 
oAni br ine/l'e^^UAl, ir they were not rtirorvcd in i 
which, tht>ugh by no m(?An» do(;mMt(<Ml, i<i yoi 
duf drgrce» AUthorit»aivT. 'the tirij^)il>(iurDi a 
familiAr acquAtniAtKe of thr inorAliir, who Arc 
tomrd to elUniAtc importAntc! hy prnpniy, And tr 
Ol the weight of a tn;)nS oi'itiionii by ihr wrighi 
purfPi Arr oflenCicd to find hitn, who l)»v« not A 
a county^meetingy nor an ecrc of ^^tnh\p or pAfl 
thr fA€e(>f the eArth* dnt'ing tor^^rrU tiim^lf \ 
muth fierdonif a» if hfl w«rc AnnuAtni} with tl 
fcioufnefft of keeping a pAck of fox hoiii)d<i, oi 1im 
ftdeiublc inllurnve At the election of a kntf^ht 
i\un?4 Nevertlielflfii, if whAt ho wiiiri* l>r tiue 
being great, he who i» armed with it will rrrtAtn 
VAtt. ftrfifiAnre or contrAdi^lion wilt hv inrfl 
Nothing* theielotr, remaine but tiUiculc and det 



No. 113. M O R A r., 5ffc. 1/7 

Co f.ip ilif* /nrtirfi, whiih ii pniul' .'i^'.tiiill afl'.u.li. 1 ln- 
writiT, tliciclori'i it icini-Ii nicil hv iIh- miwlili iiini; 

l>CliLlc-|lini Hi ail iKlillly, H nirlaiu lutlv M-> lufr, .Hill |i I 

li.iph :t lilllc* iTUikftl ; hoili lie jiul lii-, (.mnly .iir|>iiiitl 
by lilt' iiiiniuui: liulic;}, fm In in^i |ii i|ii m iil\ imihi.il ui 
luiiliy bocil.s, aiiit Kit;:! lli.iii;.',i 1 . in .ill im- |>t .ilmi-. 
Uclwcc'U till' ii|)|'iiiHi tif tlif (f'.ij :i!).i ilu •!. ..Inr. ..] tin- 
I'lin!:!, iiiiiih uliiiiliii ii ir.r|il.i)(-(l, in v.liiili, n 1 . iiuc 
ruly tu tUncniiiiir wiiiiii ii iln- imin 1 < mIj'I- 11 ■■; , .••- 

nnianctf or ill-ii:i(uic*. It i.-, uni m,. 1 n tm I. •I>. , 

nho i'aii liai'illy uiiic tin n ii.'uiii' >, n. in '.1.- .1 hi. 1- 1. . . 
Hitlujlll luilirk'.n lp''Iliii'> (IkMIuh.ji /, li .ji . .,li i.n 11,1- 
llinil Cii :i (I jrliiiiti-ii |Mii*|it, tti .m-, mli 1 IM ■-. |ii,|i!i. .1 

tion, willi all titr .iiiiliuiii) nt jii .\iiiii il , m i.i. l,i iliiji 
vli'ulc'iicc 111' a /(iilu-. /ihil V. Il", II. I I. I III • I I, 
(rovL'il a ii'ni.'trl., linwt v" r itiiu h. i.,,i , 11 inil--; ■.:. 

wilt' 11 it I I'lii I'l il:. Ill HI l> J . '.. Ill- Ii .1 '.! .1 • I ■ I ii|i! |«- I I ! 

IK' 1.1 (1) all ilit-)' mil I :' --. <•■! I >. iM I i.'- 1 1 !i I . II I II ■.- >i II, , 
bt* HJlnwi'il tiM'iiiiiiilf Im 1 1> .i, iiii' niicii.! ii . ■ . !, 
willi llu- (<\(iil.- i>r 1.1,1 i.,i , «iiii iI ,. Il I ill .II. I 

llr IJWilCll, II1..I 1.1. II.-.' 1>- :i iil.-l I !'•-.■■ ' >i I n I -'1 ' 

tcr:> aii' juil-lilU- 1 I t (I . ill .It lilt- 1 I .1 ! h i.i 
talilt* ; I'lii ilii-j.- I h . I - I. i I ' . (!i I \- I'l . .'I ii . 
klW)Wll wliriur llli'\ iiiit-Mi ... Ill , .111' li.ii - I, !■ ..1 
ruiiiliil ami fi'nlililc jniiuii,, in il.i'j>. .'Ml l->iii, (. it 
tlu-ir piolilu' pii'i'iK:.. Vri, liMiKiiiiii , III , III! 
iiuo litr, ainl aii' altli* lo iiiiiiiiri many a ji'|iui.iiii.ii i.i 
iuir tlii'ii own filial rxiiiuMioii. 

I'ivrry t)iiii}> rxicllnil !:> id In* paiil iuv ai a (ciCiiii 
price ot iui'iinvniiriKr 01- ilitlimlcy. 'llu* ciluiiinH . 
ol t'livy, ij',iH)raiii'(*, and in)|)c*itiii(-nii'. iniill lu* fui 
(ainril liy liini whn riulr.ivourt, li) wuiiliy incani, 10 
priu'uri' till' riti'cm of ll\i* wniiliy. lie mull v^'i'i^'li ilu- 
|M<iiti". a^.iiiill llu* ii'iiUirc^, ami (ujov liu* piriluiiiiit.nii 
a]ipl.iul(', wliiii* In* m-i*li-i''t-i ilu* (i-vrn* ic-iii.iiL:i iil iiii. 
pciliiii-iiit' or ill-tt*nipc-i , u.-i tiitlr'-i li)>li( ab air. Ni» 
tiutti Ills lu'cn nmii* n-pratfilly uKt'icd, than ili.ii no 
tliin|> in tlii.s Itilihinary ilart* i.i, in every iclpci't, \\lia( 
wr willi i(. V\r mult ilicn U-uin Ut lutimii in nLitfltu^ 
iinl tuMi our aiti-niiim lii>in our t'\i|i, u> liiir adviin- 
lii^r.i. Atirr all DIM' conipliuiit'., riuviilunc ii nlu.tlly 
lotuul kind und impanel ; and. li wl- pufU-li Imi 



Ill ESSAYS, No. f f4* 

fiumilttj^ snd pfttifncft we Aill difiroreff oiiiUr cor 
«Toft dirigreeiblc fnniiion, rom« copionf (imrce of 
pt«cid cnjoymf ftt« 'f his ill uAffe of the world wfll r«* 
coil from ihc henrt^ wliUh U mirlded with fftitb «nd 
ii»noccncei fli t^c biltowi are rcvcrbtrAted ffum the 
fock« 

Wbitrver difR€uUk$ or injnriei s wricer mny fafttin, 
he iniiy ronfole himfelf» if he h«f elw«y« fikeo ihe pare 
of cru(b And virtue» fb«f he buf employed the tM^ 
Irnm wiiiib GuA gave bimy tfuf *mAfiner ec Utni in* 
offenfive i and ch4r, it i» probeble, mftov. In the 
^rcat mufi of mAukind, mey poflrfi • kindred fpi* 
riff lind At fome fftvourAble moment mt^y receive 
p\en(ut$ end iidvftnte(|[e frcm hif lucttbretionit even 
when be if unired with the duft from which he wm 
fflken, end become eqitaJly infenfible to ceafnie or 
nppUufCf 



No* CXIV. ON THE OILrOATIOWt WHICH 
hkAtiUlUO OW£lt TO 'SUIL CfiAliTIAN RE-' 
LiaiOM. 



MANY emong thofe who h;ive rneJc the f^reutetk 
pret#'rifion« fo Icrnrniriff^ havr profr^td iheri>r<rU«?i 
eni'niiei U» lUvcrUcinu. It u twt, ifidtfcd, dillculc to 
tcc^mnt for thtir tt\ti(\Um of a i«rli|«iofi whiih it mII 
humility, erifi l^y no nitattk caliulatci lo ;flc»(ir (ur h 
e» confHer the nfii'luu^r of niffi ;io tlir mofi vftluable 
ohjcdlf erid who |)n<ie thMnf^ivirt ort the inl^illihiliiy of 
thdr own intettr^li. To the lioM» the concii'd, uud 
the hilf'leArnrd pretender to phitofophy, who i» weak 
enoui^h to think hi« rtuftm comofrrifurAte to^vl-lyol»- 
Jcdt which fell* uri<!er t(« notice, thee ryfl^m, which 
re/)iiirr» the exerrife ol fjiitb more than of re;iinn^ ep. 
peari, at the fcripturf* iheniAIvei ohit-rvr, UntWihuth. 
rrli**, anJ a very filly kind of prUIr, fuf h, indeed, m 
nri^rft frofM lairow vtewt of thingi, aii'l uu tgnor;»nce of 
hamiin Neturr» i* ihc lounduion cf inftiJelity, 

It 



No. 114. M () K A It Arc. i«9 

l( ill, howrvir, nu left un^vratefiil, tli.in fooliili aiitl 
wickt^ii, in thefun^ ot Irmiiiii^;, to lirvotc iltcir ahiliri.'^ 
to (he e.xieniiinaiiiiii ot'thr lucioual reIipioi\, 1 or it \» 
lA'.illy liur, tliui ull tlir aniinit IrHiniui* vv)iuli uov. 
jriuiiiiWi wa» pnfrrvrii by fonur nrculiiir i'iu'iiMill.iiiir« 
atU'iuliiij* \)u* piuna^utioii ot'C'luilliaiiiu ; aiul, 1 h««lirvi*, 
il will hi.' thdn^'liL vi-rv piolmblr, time 11 ilir aniiciu 
l4nguag(':t, unti ilit* Ixuikii written in t)u*m, lini Uc*rii 
ciitirily lull, the civilized nMiioiih of Km ope uouUl 
h.ivc llill continued in u Ihteof duiknclb iind baiUaiiiin 
Hi'al ruperllition would then, indeed, have ii'i^nril 
tiiuniphant ; uml the philoi'o|dier, &% he call-. hiinirU. 
who ib now wriiiiiu; down ChnlUauity, would have breii 
liembling at witches and i<obliu», [pelU aiul enihaut 
mi-ni!i. Ilemakca uleorihai veiy Hj-ht, vvliiJi has lii • 
rci^Ud hik iK'pb in the pathh ot liMinin^'., to liiliover ihi- 
nu)ll probable means ut extinguilhiny. the lourcr (d all 
ill(imin«tion. 

1 \va» ltd iillo thiit train of re- fl 1*1^ I ions by the priufal 
id a ehar(M-oru lair very Icanieil anhdeacon ui Loudon, 
in uhiih he evim'i'H, that our Suviuui I'pokc moll tiuly 
lit more tVnCeii than one, when he laid (>1 hunirlt, 

** I \M nth IK* ill 01 IHh WOK 1.1).'* 

When any iju-iii'i ot literaiy indiilliy i;i coniiilcr* 
til u:» il iliiiy fouudcil on religion, lau* will be la- 
Ken to piefrrvo it. It mi^hi oihrrwiie, lioiu ih<* 
indolence and iniinnity ol ihtt lunuaii mind, havr 
been lull amiilil rcvidniion.'i, peiri-iiiiionh, ililtrel'*, and 
the fury orcoiii|iu'll. \\\ every iliili«-iilty, the lliiilliaiti 
fled for com fort 10 iheii biiptuiek, awA watiheil over 
them with peruliar vigilaiuc. 'Itu' Siptua^'.int pu-- 
lervi'd, in ihc worit times, a knowliil^M* ol Cir^'tk; and 
the Latin tranllatiims, which wi-ir multiplied wiih 
avidity, u-lvueii ilu* Latin laiiL'uaPi- liiim a tiUal (d>li 
vion. jolcpliui wah itinlii'l, and ihru'ioie pivlri vcil 
hy the L'iiiilliam moie lau'fiiliy iliaii by ihc Jiw-ii aiul 
the ni'Cetliiv ol <.iii'«-k (or the iiiiiLi iLinilint* ol (lu* New 
'J'ellament, cault-il ili.u l.in^Mi.iyi- hiit on'y to be lavcil 
frinn the iava;>('b ol linu,, bul alio iti be lludieil >siUi 
dexout attrniion. 

The FathwTi of ilu? iliuiih \.i.)ti* intJmK duriitj; 
three ceiiCuii(-'i and al \ iiuu wlu.i ihc L.am lair.MntM: 



IS« - B 8 « A t 8» Ito. 114. 

flHQemnf 10 in rcAorttton 1 and wrolc» u wtll u dveir 
coKvtl writftn anong iha Pmas, nor indeed witK 
Annlaii elegance^ bat ftill well enoagk to preieiire n 
ftill ia Uit cpaftniAioa and vocabulary of ibt laa«> 

A coafidcrabk knowledge of hiftory* and fiMaetUng 
of chfonology and philoibphy, was aeceffiurjr in tn^yiBg 
and deltndint the foiptwree, even in die«arliei 1^1 
and man/ CknMant appeared well IkiUedin tkefepartsot 
learning* at a lime when they were genertHy ni^leAed% 
Religion and confciente operated as a ftimnlos» when 
all other modves were infnnicient to retard the mind in 
its iwift progrefs down the declivity* 

With a view* and folely with a vtew» to enable ee» 
cleittfttcs to read and nnderftand the fcriptttres* even in 
the moft dirmal night of ignorance, thero were Ibmn 
places of inltruftion in cathedrals and 'monaReriett in 
which the eml^ert of literature* if we may ventnre to 
nle thatexpreSon» werepreferved from total extindion 1 
in whidi a fpark lay latent, which wu one day to to* 
lame a light to lighten the univerfe* 

The little learning of thoie unfbrtunste ages» though 
it did not enable the perfons who poirelfed it to tatte 
and underlUnd the beauties of the sntient poets and 
philofophers, yet gave them fome idea of the value of 
Dooks in general, and enabled then\ to tranfcribc, wiiti 
tolerable accuracy, even what they did not accurately 
nnderdand. Thus were thofc ineJlimable treafares of 
all elegance and pleafing kno\vIc«lge, the old Greek 
and Latin authors, handrxi down to happier ages ; to 
thofe who were able to unlock them, and jH^urout their 
riches for the general utility. Nor are we indebted to 
Chriftians *x)r the cl^illic* onlv ; but alio fv»r the Roman 
law, and the codes of JulUnian and Theodvmus. Books* 
which were deftmyed bv ignorant and angry kings and 
conquerors, found a fate alylum in religious lioufes ; 
and even Monkery, which his been jurtly reprobated 
as one of the follies ot human nature, became, under 
the vliiciVon of rroxivionce, the inilrument of many of 
Ihc^fe blcllings which m w contribute gre,»tly to the hap* 
piacfs and dignity of au enli^hteacd empire* 

Th# 



Nil, iif 



M O It At.. III-. 



i-ii 



'riir- liviVill <•( ti-lltilit^4 pq il 14 tiMiiiJ, HI il:fiii:|ii 
I i|i!i(i(iU (milt itiiiiifiiM Mint iiti'ii illi I !• a, ninl tMntml 
il|lllliiii|t (i\ I I (III \vpil>l« I: j'li ill« lii-. ill}* III ill' •-(IiiiIq 
li( i'« I It'll ^11 II 4 I )h I • 111 mIi , III I li II iKilnii iiiiii mill II 

it>tr, fi I iitillii|liiii«iii III |ii>li|i itiiil )>tiil>Miii I K liiiltiiiti 
li Itnlnia, wliilli 1 lliil<-> III I li 17 l> III I Iv !■• I II iMil 
llii>ii(i jiy tttiy liM 1 1 1 ■Itiij' liiiiiiiiiii !• 4 ill itii' liii'i.iiy 

lMili«iiM, 

Till- Ih'H |t)|ii!-.|ti |i( nimlilii ijiiti-c. iml niilv III ll|rit> 
logV* tiMl hirviiV {•4tt III liiiiitfiii li lit iiiiij* « lifiii liiili 
( liiilij.-tti iliviiii-a 'Dim t^-i m- li it liv ii)Mi |iiii(iiii«i| 
u liijiiiita tiiiiiwli'Jirf*. iniM ijii-- inlliiiiinl pallid iil iiliilii 
'■'}'ii>'« lilliliili'Jjy* rtlitl nil i li ^iiiil :iiiil iilt-liil li 
It tiililiif. 

|l is III itir pirtv III i liiilli-niti liiii v . ii\-,i- ilir- %i'iir 
talilr- liiMtHlnlliiii^ ii| li'lnnila pmiI inilii'i.i, lltnli.- iiiitiiu 
tiitiic, \\li|ili4 lliiiilirit tli<v tiitr iiliiii |ir-t II |ii|\iM>*l» 
lini-i^ Hill lt*|il itiii li^lil tiiliiiiii^ 111 I llii VI iliij liii . liii'l 
liiliili'il tlii^ liiH It hnin Mill' jM-iii I'llmit l>i niniitiil 
liliii lilt* iliMiiriq III ill*'- lull It ittir ll V. -11 till' ti<i> III 
( liiill will* li Iniijfltl lhiili> liitvi 14 III nil •m lln Ii'MiI ui 
lliii i 'fitit ftltil ill** Hmj (ihi| plMiilnj (• nun Ml' c III liaiiiili}^ 
ih i^vriv I itMlliliM(tlil0 iiMVii iliiiiiii'liniii tin I iiii^>iliiiii 

*' *1 n t)l<* Uhljir-l I Ill-It/' I M'o ili> 1* ill III •! >li\ lie %itii» 
(i||||f|i|t(iil lIlU llllij^ii'lj *' (<iii| III limit' \' llii iiiitiiii«i>? 
" il^ flll> llltii mil |iifllrfitl (!• 1 iMi\ ll il}<|iii III 3 liii ill 
" Ipitlltitt^ dial U ill I'M l> lit lit llii \*.'iiil>t 1 III 

" itiliih-'Ui ptliHfilril ill I liiijlinn ■•■iimiii-^, - •■'in 

" U<(t|llilltt lltPy tlAVf^ lit 1 litiltidliii V^ ntiij rti'l ll'< I'll I 
'* iff iImiIp In lllrq^ wllii li, ulittttluy |i:n •> ( i- ! • •! i li 
" lUhli (Kill ftliuiil flint lit il'< lit I." 



f^ l', 



1 1 



A 



i}« trn > A Y 8. 



Ko. CXV. cumokv ukmakkn on th 

Lire AfTD WRITrMQtt Or UR. JOKTtN. 



TIIK miiid itrU I (etret tnmpUcrncy In Mt 
rcmpUilng tliara/leri rniinim f«r driun, l«arn(H| 
Riid rcli||tiin I nnd tlinr are ftw »lii) nt* net drllj^liiai 
Ri w«|l B4 liill(uni«l ti^ )li< {iritirri Udowad •!» A 
|i«npd mtfll. Nntwilh II ail ())»)! ih«d*|ifavirviil humi 
nUUrf, viilu* Alll typtint iniialilr ui iha vUbua, « 
hflutvUilK* IQ ilir l|!;ii"iiiiil. I'.xpcrUiKr, !fiil*(d, titff 
lo rnnllrm iliv opinion i/f I'Uio, iIiai goodi»[«, •«< laUt 
of iU (olliural kilVRniflt*), U Jtoirrflird o( tttftiinit 
nMihij c4i>ilviiilnK. 

A nvlrw or th« llTf tif lh» l*i« Dr. J&riin CMM 
bat rvggffi ih» molt plrufms r*lttttlvni. A> •pat 
« dlvlnf, a I'hilarojitivr, and ■ man, ht IfiW i| 
nufe of tai\m\ait, lfarnln|r, and m Ma Illy. Tlivnif 
Ir'Irrd, mnny mlirr> «)(■<'•< xpiirMMMi i. ni<ir<- .liiniA 
■mong lb* vulBMr^nd nwittttt, bei kw will he leyi 
wbflfk DHinfi itRHd higlcr ihan Dr. JsMin'* in il 
•Amri flf the Judieioui, Hi* X.tiln partty ii cUAwl 
•leeiiBt. Hii dirfeurfei and dift^Mmiom rinfible, ti 

SFNOii«, Hid Rrgum*n(aiiv«, tli« nntirk* on nt;l«Aa 
o) btlicry inif»llln{i and ini|]»nial. HI* htm9\ 
rtpleie with foun4 fenC* and ritlariAl marMty, wpnA 
In • fiylpflmplir, pure, and parfpictiaui. 

Slmplklry ef fl^l« U ■ |rwe. whkb, thoHfih It mi 
not ^apiivnte at firft Tpghi, ii fure In ih« end id |ii 
Bcrininfflt ri(UriiAio(i, It does noi «Keii« idmifiitioi 
bui It nifrt <llt;in. It dusi not warm to raptiir 
bat It Toothei lo camptacpniy. Unlilirul writari ftldAi 
•In II ibU fNtettanev. Th«y Imafitne tbatwhii U m 
(ural uni] eommnti cannot ba b«autirul, Kvvry tbin 
In ihalrcoffipoDilen* mutt bt Itralned, tvnr)' ibing ■ 
frttld I but Dr. Jortin bad lt(idi«4 ilit amicnti, u 
wrhapi ((irm«d hlmfeir en lb< modal of X*iiopboi 
He wrou on fubJtOi «f mertlliyt aad nenlit/ ii f«iia4« 



No. I If. 



M CI R A I., Ar 



»Ji 



I'll li^tlili, ailil iriittili la iilv^ii^a i*lliil itiul t)tl|ii(ltiiMlftftf. 
A lliif i.i ilii luliluliiili, I iiil'i liil)i<-il M llll I lirliilli til ti^tlii>« 
•iiiil (I I) till 4 lot iviltl |iitllitli> tli'Ui t)i|l«iti« ili4y liii|i:i'il 
aitllili: {lie Idiiiy, (ilhl liiilr it llititliilll rjliiiliiill hi (lit: 
tuiil't i lidl I'dlliiiiftl tlllt until fildiiL- I it II iiiiiviiiits ihi: uii 
ili-|lt4liilili}f , ftltil iciliillil lliiiiiiiiluiM. 

'\\M- Hill rlliilla III {•• liliia li lU: i iiililtiulil y tn'ril ill 

))i>iriry, I'luriliiiiiiril Ity llic tii^'iiUh t'l ujjiuiiiifiit, 

fthtl lll0 i'uliliui lUUIII nl lliUr, llii: xuiili}* lllUcI y 1 iili r 
ili'lillgVb iUv llij^ilU III illia^lliatiiill. ( iiriil, lU tM II .la 
IMiiny lilhcr (tUlUlll )ili)luiii|i|u la, uiAliila, allil lillluli.iHa. 
iatiiumil Ui ll4Vc: liti lllit i-J III llii: MliUaiii Itta i.tlliil' 

|>IIAU|i^MI|I|I3. t)|. JOlllll iIiI.Il III lilt' lllllllllll (l| ltiul0 

W I'ni t iililUitl lltr titilrl Vfiiiuli. Ill lli> t k Hi V'.'/.i., imr 
l| kill.' Ill It (I hia i-iik^j ftU- iililil'il li.iliiidi Kui^^iiiij'i-, 
irluli I li iiliiuLiil, ftliil linMiiuiiiiiiia vci It . Alliiiii|; llu. 
llitnliill I ftlih |iiu'la| llii:ir ilii It \V H llit tin iiui > n M 
III Pi |uilili. Ilia NH|i|iliiiaj lilt llu: lti>iy ul liiuilui.i 

ftlul Allilillll'i all: Clly, t-|i|.'dlli, dliil |i|li-|ilell. 'lilt; 
liltle iiilr, ill wiiii li lilt: i.tliii life: |.| ilir. |>li|lii|ii|i|it-| ta 
It lli|i<lliui (ii llu: |fi:hilc: Ihmhl ^it'llnjj lliiiiii^ill <i lili i.| 
^liiVi'j la lli{<liiy jtlcitlili^ III llli: iiiiiitl, aiiil la iKilu'lly 
i-U^dlll la till' I lillt|iiillliiin. Till i.,iiia lur ilcli • il .jll 
C^it'lll^lll. 'Ilii- |uii III nil llu: lliiliiKi I llu t ill iIil: ^A|t 
la ill|*rilililla^ jUil lii iilj .iliil llll c^iit'l iiMiii.lii.ii til ill.: ii) 111 
ill Llirrullllb. Ill liliiii, llu: wlii.ji- . iilll I'liiill ia llll ll .13 
Mdulil lidlldy hdVi: iill^idilil il l<ii|iiiiii ill llli <ii I- III llll 

Aiti* lilt Ilk. 

I nil c: I it it tiiiil mil llir. fiu: ••! iin.ii' mailKit, iii- 
Iftiliiy itlL'll^lllciia llli: |iiiwc|atil llu |iiii^: im ni . A a uiil 
illlllllil aiUftlUiil HI lilc^ lu: I lllliv.iU >l IiIj II .h II Idiliii 
llldll tlialftiuyt (iiul lUiilti il llnlli lii:> I lliilla hi |M.. i 1^ ^ 1(1 
Ii4i'll Ilia dtlllllica Ml ilicr il i|i|lillii ifiia ti( liiiitiini. Hia 
(itili I VfHiiilia Hit Itlii: ill llic I'liliiiaiil I'li^lillt |i<>..-ln« 
neCit tiDl III tic; lllult: ^c-liif(lll> KliiiWlij 111 fltlii III lu. 
iiUHC- |!i:lUl(ill> <t|i|lilll 111. 

I'litfllldl |i|ltiliU'lUi|ia .iir Idllitl (lliltllill^; llldll ililtllli 
llVti. Ilia VVlllUa ill llilo klliil (iir nil jiiViiilU:, «ii|il lia 
liil4lly IliUVVi) lluiil 4 I Irtllii III c illh .liimi I liil>', Imvv 

t:lrl, \Sf%.lf. lull |ilc^|irtl4li'l y 111 Ilia lii^jici ilili^'lia. itiiil 
luKll ^4Vc: vV'4y lu llu: uiitii. Uii^'ui Uiil iiupiiiiia \> lili It 
tl Will- 



tj4 B S S At. r t» Mb. ngm' 

mwnjmcwWwr to hir-profeAoo. Hts HkmtSn m Am 
Chriman RvIIkmu* ont of the irftfrdtt <)f kia thioto* 
glcat pur(ttit.s abound wtck that fi>nad mk aod AriMT- 
•ifmneiity which enrttle their anibor to a rank ¥try trntrnt' 
tkt cakbraitd Groiios. 

Hit diflrrtationi are ei|oall]r remarkable lor taAe^ 
leamhif » origiaaJityt and ingenuttf. 

Hit ftmarka oo Bcelefiafttcal hiftinrf^afe fiill of nanlf 
fenft» Infjeototts ftridarei». and profbottd c^roditkn. Tko* 
wbrk ii highly beneficial to mankind « af k reprefimH, ia 
its proper lightt that fttperflition which dilgraeed homfltt 
nature, and gives a right (enfis of the advantages derivedl 
from rettftious refbmiatton. He every when^ expreAe 
himfelf with peculiar vehemence aj[ainft the infatnaticm 
of bigotry and fanaticifm* Convinced that tme hap» 
pinefs is roanUed on a risht ufe of the reafoainy poweit, 
he makes it the fcope of alt his religbus works* to lead 
mankind from the errors of imaginationi to the diAates 
of d i fpaffionace realbn* ^ 

PofthumoQs publicattenst it has been remarked* are 
ofually inferior in merit to thole which are publtfted 
during an author*! lifr. And, tndcrJ» the opinion 
fecms phuTibic ; a^ ic inny be prrfumrHl, th.it an au- 
thor's rcAlbn for not puMi tiling hi^ wotkn, n a con- 
fctoulnrfj of ihcir infcriotitv. The Sermons of Dr. 
Jorttn arc, however, an encrption. (i njj iViHr and 
ibund moratity nppcur in thrm. not. hidreJ. drcirrdout 
in the mcrciriciuu«; orn.in ••:,(* of a iU-Tid Jhlc, but in 
all the manly force, and timplc graces, ol' n.uural elo- 
quence. The iAtnc capri,:r, which iAii"o« to rep'it.ition 
thole trifling difcourlr-. whuh have nn;hin^ to recom- 
mend them but a prenin'^'s of fancy, ami a tlowcry 
language, will attain conli};n them to oblivion : but the 
fcrmont of Dr. joriin will alwayt be rcaU with pleafure 
and edification. 

Thctranfitinn from an author's writings Co his life, is 
frequently difadvantagcons to hi« chnrav^cr. Dr* jortin, 
howcver« when no longer confuiere'.! ni an author, but 
at a man, it fjr from being Irilcned m our opinion. A 
fimpticlty of manners, an inoHcnfivc l>ehavit)ur, an unt* 
verial benevolencey candouri mudcil), and good fenfr^ 

were 



No. 116. 



M i) R A I., .^.c. 



1 1* 



I !•; 



^erc* liLi ili.iraiti'iillii'.i '1 liont Ii lii;i j'niiu*', :iii>i li'W- 
(>f Irdrj -, Icil iiiiii lo I liMiilc ilic (till \ .ilc i I i< •|iii ili 1 < <t 
lite, \{-( W<ia lll:> nii'l tl I iiiil|iii (Kill. i-|i(iil<>ti Iti.iiii.i 1 llii: 
lluli«.i* ill ii Cl'iI.imi jiiiiii.td' V-. Iiiiiliil )ii>rii-iii li> < j-ifi <i- 
pacy. I'liiviidwn liy I'Ciluhil •!• •|ti.iiiii..iui*, .hh! itini'- 

C«)li il|r*iulr*il liV lin* IkIii (I .!(.■ ii ut (milt!-, (n llli' iliKi- 

fuiliiiiiii (i( pttwrri In: w . :■> pKif lit! .! , [*s Ai I :•! iii.i (• 
ilcniiij*, Id a v.iIiihMi' lit'ii* lur in I I'litlmi, ..-. .; m \\.h>1 
lor lli- cxrl liolln Hh it Ji hi Lit :ili.| .1 JiVllli*. : tnhi- lii.ic 

after hr Iteiuiiii* iIm|<1.iim iu a l.iic hulio^t •■( l.iiulii', 
who ^uvr liiiii tlie vii.tii.it-i' nf Ivi'iiiiiic.ii'ii, .iiul ..]>)>i'ii i - 
111 him itutiilraiiiii ut )ii.i iliihrK-, '1 !ii-. \. : • . il i'lf 
prrlVrinriu Iu* h ul, nor li iJ li - tin-- uli In- v\ .1^ .1 \\ n.i • I 
in I ill*. I Ir diii uoi, liuwrvi r, ii-|iini-. '1 iiu ii.- 1| • ik^ 
lit liiinlfll ; ** Nut ii> lii< i iiulnhiit txii u> In noi 

*' tIcllH love OMil pillluit 111 it lit* ti\vr> II Illii.Kl'i il 

*' a (ImIiOIi liriif r iluiu Iu* i-.jucU'J, aiiU .r. ;^' ^'^i •(•*> i>c 
** Oii|>til to lirliicr." 



No. CXN'I. DN Tfll-. UNION nl I \ i K \ \ .\ - 

(JANCl! IN IKlll.l.S AU\) VUT, W M M 

I'ARSIMONY IN Al.l. 1111. lKlil.\ HH 

NOllUAllMi, USl.lUL, A N IJ h lAl Zil. Ul V 1. )l~ 

im:ni.iis. 



NO nppcaraiu'r ill (lir itinr.il wmM i-. liimr- irmnL- 
nltjc, (liati lliiit ( iMiiliMi.iiii II u liii h 1-1 i>(ii-ii .iiti- 
Irrvrit 111 tlir l..iri' i h.ii .uM. i , if .(\.ii;ir- v. iiii j>. (uii>iii, 
ol iitraiiift'l^ \\\A\ itlir-i(tii!\ . Wiiiiu , u !t-.l..<i. :>., .in.l ^ 
want ot h'liiiu.i priiii'iiili-->, i:i>- itiil.iiir*, t in iji:,.i ,,i, . .^ 
in tlir inaiinii t (il tin' pirii-ut i.<>i \ .iinl .i-i\.iiiii\ li-.uli 

til fXprnli^f* i>ilriit.liiii:l, Iu liilillin. I . .111.1 w.iiil •,! 

priiiiinlr, \\a\c a naiui.il i(-iiil> ki> ^ (>> |>ii^!iu.' mvit- 
DUlnrli aiiil nipai.iiy. \r*i\ ti u i.iti.tnii-. .m- .illdui il 
CO opi'iaie on the iiio.li-i nl in -iiiti in;* m i-t l.unit* 
uiuncy, exivpl ihc Icai ut iUic-Ciiun. 'i luu- t- ii..i.ilv 

5 *^^^1 



tf6 B S S A r f, M«.it4 

Mf nctfliif A 0t btfiroeft to y pcHiMi^« wl 

ntiki the gft«ltft Ibcw in dr . ra. ^ » Jttd ciittijpigi 

am ioi tudf to fttbmit aacicr iho ctrtalaty of cottOM 
m»nu 

. The tiflt« liM betif wlit n a great fatailyt tfAHmm \ 
a grtat hoafc of a viltagit wai cottfidrred at a bltim 
to all tha otjghboariflg coaatiy. Tba poor w«rt on 
pkq^ io aoomitig and impmriag too groooda a 
aboot lt« Tbo table in the parloflr wa« ahvairt ooa 
for tbe receptiatt of tbe geottemra wbo rcfidea ^wttti 
ten miles of the houfe i and tbe kitcben aArded wanut 
and plenty to the poor and indalbioot tenant or li 
boarer. Tbe rich man lefided in tbe boofii of bi 
Atberif and fpcnt hit money among thoA wbo earae 
it for him by the fwr at of their browa« Bot« acccwdia; 
to the modern fyjlem of falhionable maoaerif facb 
kind of life woaid be deemed Intolerably dolly at ad 
Wk antiqoated and vulgar. The famityy tiierefove« fpen* 
at little time at poffible at the noble feat of tbdr an 
cefton 9 bot baften to the fca*fidey or the watering*plaeei 
where they hire a little hntf oc cabin, and layilh thai 
money on ftranger^, with few returns of gratitndi*, oro 
rational fati^faflion. 'J1ic fariner, who livcft in thei 
native villa{;c9 returning weary from hit plough, (hake 
his head as he pafTcs the cold kitchco, and turns with pti] 
and contempt from the fmokelert roof. The fertant 
are pinched, and even envy the comparative plenty am 
independence of the next cottagers. The whole cooatr] 
rings with reports of the meannefi and poor living at lh( 

treat houfe. In the mean time, the lord and lady, th( 
aronet or rfquirc, with their refpe^tive familiet, an 
iiguring, as it is called, in all the profufion of emoloe 
extravagance, at Cath, or Brighthelmilone. While tl«1 
grudge the bread and cheefe which it confumcd in tbci 
own houfe, or rcFufe to contribute to a brief, or aa] 
charitable inAitution among their noor neighbonrt a 
home, they fuhfcribe, moll liberally, to an infamoa 
maftcr of the ceremonies, and to every faflitonabk 
amufement; they give feails to Arangers whom the] 
/hall never fee any more, and whofe principal recom- 
mendation iiy that they appear, from their externa 

fplcndoor 



No. iiTi. M I) R A r., &(. \\7 

(pt( ntUitir, lint tn wnnt nflilhincr. 'I'lirir vniiilv is f*r>- 
ttlirJ tit Irriit); (lir ^irnt nml tlir lit It at tlirii lalilr ; hii«1 
vhflt fi}*ttilir}i ir, tliry ilniik, if tltr wirlt lii\'i ni litMiir, 
>\hoin iioltddy known, (Lirvr iiiul loi imi iIk* (lunj'.iiilN 
ti^hrncr iliry citi|MiiiHrtl. Tliry J*»ihlj;r iltr pn«ii ivni 
Iniiitl l>rrt in ihrii own tuntlrs ; hnl iliriuli c\civ in li 
jMicl). who vi(i(>(linii ul ihrirlcxi^Mni'.*:, with « hiimp.ijMtc 
flitd hiligiutdyi I low (hnll \vr itiMumi hn Iim It tiKon- 
fiilrniv. 1)111 hy (iippoliiij^ ih^c thrfr prifi<it.t)',r.. iMiliilt 
hryt* clliitri ntul liiilr loiili*, imnirnlr viiniiv .nul ilntii 
nutivr undnllniitlinjM ; Ami thai ihr li;iiliirf^ i.s only i >l- 
ccCilcil liy thr nifMhnrln ofthrir hr.iMs ( 

U lit riify (o ohirrvr prrlonii of ilii*. drli lipiion, who 
will not hrtitatc* to rxprnd many hifmhriU tn dirfi 
ttlono, Itiit who, when a honk ii piaifrd in (hi-ir 
pirCrncc, will fpair no (I'Mthtr in fimlinfr (nmrhody nf 
whom thry may hoi row it, aUr^jn^. in rxinTp* that 
lun^kfl Arc Co drnr, it in impo<lihlr lo hiiy rvrry liiin}^ 
that come* out. Thr nriir of thr hook ihall he ihrrr 
fliilting!*, and it fhall lontain atniilrtnrnt for ihrrr 
wrrki, nnd yet (hey will not huy it hrtanCn it won Id he 
cxtr4VAf;ant I though they will not f(tti|de to expmd 
three giiinean, any \\\y^\\l in thr work, for thire houi.i 
paniinc in Aimrtyat the PuMic pl.ico^ nf divrrlimi. Tltr 
inillrneiH, the iiAir-dirfirr^, tho prifithfii hdN, Ihall 
amnnnt lo many hundiriU a yrar ; hiii fivr pnutid-^ rv* 
pended at the hookfrllriN wniiM hr dovvitiii'Jii ptiuli- 
j^atity. Cinineiii ihwv, without irittnint, in lultli iip(i«-ni 
to h^tlln, convri t.1, a(lrinhlir!« i tod.ntiiit)* iitiillfiH. itiuln 
nr.^ltrin, nml loplavriw: hut whcit ihr patilh liHum'si 
\)tu i' it l)ioii}*ht, or ihr M.iiiiic fitu id V. oi iht M.<|*- 
dalrn,* Oi thr ln(iiiit;ifv, n ilir vtuitnhtiiitMt fm ilir 
Rrlr^Ce ni' Piiioiirts Ini .Sin.ill |)rlif., cm thr (uf]nrr-< \\\ 
Unil>ndor!«, or ihe piiiiMicis nl wat, nir km oininrnilt d 
Ah fit olYJr^ti t'o tririvf* iliiii liijirilluilH"., ilwy nninnli- 
ntrty luok p,i(iv«'*i iniiiplinii ili:ii t.ixr^i lili^ nnd k uf- l.iil : 
nnd afl'rrt, with mii \irilrrlin)« h'-. ii, tli ii iluli- an* n*>i 
titne.n tf) admit oi' iuiy rxprm < k w hti li au- tict ahli>Uiii')y 
iiei'efl'irv. 

The eduriilioii n f'ilirii t ItiMir i) ()|i}*lit rri lainlv in riMt - 
flitiite (Mir 1)1 till' liiil rairn nl tlir ik Ii ; nwA no iradn- - 
Aide evpcnie llmuld W wiilihcid in thr a^uttnpliihnx'iit 

vA 



t^9 K .1 S A Y S. No. 116. 

ot it. n.!t ll>rrv* n:r i?:Tnv rrcut f»iniilu'<, in uhivh lliii 

liio.nincK an. I junlinorv. The piH^i ti.ul -rimMi who Uip- 
plv i!ic oivliu.M V .i::tvli*s of ilomcUiv: vonrmuncioo, «rc 
twt or!v iU*r,i\'xi ih.'ir |v?a', hin, atirr cvciv an.i'.rintiu, 
.uc oMii»r\i 10 \v.»ic .;n urriMloiviMo liiuc t\>r ih/ii mv>- 
rry. So t":ir arr l\ivh piMr»»n»i fioin poU'rliirj^ rm iiu'linJI- 
liv>ii lo br{*'nrrou<, tfiat ii iMii'vcs ili:-m to br jalK Tut 
i!u^»y-.ii ihry \vi»o l.Miiiih iMinin.Hli'.ii--, wiiiioiit whivh 
\il'c KMx.wi iK' luppniiv',1, arc i*! iil"i\l an. I lU'tVn'.uK'd, 
wliuoviT can fupplv anv vi'ciiMilKniviv-* of i!ifl<, fqisi- 
P'.p.r. Iu\nrv. hv \\ liii.-ti iMnihnrU niul vanicv inav l»c 
rial; tin!, aic pivWulrlv nrul iinmroiairlv rrwj^rilr*!. Mm 
«t I;' I ens, or ii!i;cnuii\ In I Ik* p'\'roiuon<, aro I:;'pl at 4 
ilitUncc ; l>iit ilir ilooi is aKsav-. open t«> pi nor'i, ;uvJ to 
lit^iuorx And iJt'niw^r^jt, V.M1.; plain : nnJ tuioi* arc owl 
ot talhion ; but ihrir pluvr is ainuulandy t'opp!ii\{ l^y 
lidilicrs. piprrs, capnrrs, «n\l rvTAnimoiivlirs. A dancing 
<>r inuJic tn.illrr, wIk> van vnaolr ihr voimr. la^lics to ^lil' 
play a liru' ti^s-.'/'r vm" a i\\>r tiv^t, !< inHn;*v!iati*!v coniiJcr- 
rit U-. itu" l'r:l f.l.-:ul it* 1' r Janulv, ni ;Jc a compat-.ion, 
ir.viu'ii to r!u* i.;!>ir. p»i.l r\Lia\ a*».'.nil\ , auvi coiupli- 
niri'lcvi wlih i!i;j!:!.^ mu\ ytcL-wK ; ium:Ii»*i i> it WiMii'.oV' 
t'al, it tl.i- ^t ii'v, lu'u". till 1m li'\i' wi'.ii i'kI.* tine 
p.i'Miiriarn, .:::v' •.i:'.:.v :'u :u ; linv\" ilK\ aj'prar holli >" 
t'lcr <n\ :• an.* ;''vMr p.;:.'M ^ imi--., lo p»'|?i-»s il\,* tiir* » 
*'I .ill* Iu:nMn i\K-.-I!,ni '. \ . li» t'lr p.'il.Mi \\1'\> 
t"nrl.>\i»l {o u • ::\ lu:! i":r'.!:, fu' In ii;n i'' 

hkmI i^'.m, iM.i.-.* .;:i o"i\; iM ti^'uii! .»a 

J. ''. '. !» • .»: ■ I I .\«^'. .! : * .It:.'. ( » I!.ri. 

I.: :i.i '. .: :. .ii?.l i .;• . . .•• r \':'K^' \ ».-.■ Ii.'.p 

p '».-!■. II :'. ■. y\^\ li.'!. !m ! . I ;'! w i i ;• i« v\Mi- 

r." Ii',;. .j'.'iVVN »:,■ -.xi! \M,i:\ i' •■!»••.• f.' 

|vi-n, \\ S.-M li' |VNV w « .■ i!iin!'Vr .\ vl »: .^ :'. \^} 

|i-,', i.'i^i .ii ii\ . \. I ". I •'■'■\ i.'\ .'\;-n' ■■'. r.M 

u: .■ I ■. |.* liJ \ ;;' \ . \ !. ■, .!■.! \.'. !m • '. \* • r .• . 
ill jii." 111".'. .: i»i- X I'll ■'-'■, . ■ I i."i»; ' . «•■ 1 

I • • • ' • » I 

.liiiiit -^'ll* l.^i f* '■'. 'I.i'*** f !*• 

• » * 



So, 117. MORA lo tkr. I ^9 

urrc of opinion, th;it to he knin\ wiin rn«'t)iiiil to th^ c-li.i. 
nHcr t^l tTMr yruuViiy, hut i\(,v/, if wr v.*'rr 10 ;iflc 
llir rcpFcfrniaiivr of n rich fnniily, v.hnr !.'• h »•! I»"- 
ih»wr«l tlir rwprrnuilif'f. of iIi'* l:i)l yr.ir. Iw ini-lit ;i!.lw*i. 
ihiit he Ii.'kI (IcpoiiU'il fonic fliiii'' rif ii in tli'- \utt P.'i t.i' 
iin lta)i.in, who ]i;i(l i\\r rxtr.inri]i:.:ir/ iiirt it of iiiii>^^ 
Mc to fl.ind Um^rrr on ctir Ivy tlii.ti ihr ufl <,| ihr- two 
Irppcfl iind t]nf'r:iihrir(l r.'K-r. Ilr rni'-lit .'iiifwcr, ih;it 
hv tiiicl U»n il ;it the ;Mimin;r (iil)l" ; fp'-i.l ii in thr t.ivr-rn 
niu\ hrotlirl ; fportcd it nw.iy nt N''v.'tii.'nl.ri ; Invifh^il 
Jl on (io;;fi, liorfr.'), jtnU'u--. ; nnd Irfi (lir* jioor :in(! iliC 
dcfrrviti;; to ihr rarr of riovidrnc. 

'J'hat I'rovidcnrr, wli'd'* Idrflinj^'i h»' .'ilMif*:' .uid prr- 
vrrt^i (cidoni f.n)'; topunifh hii iu;M;i|iMi'l«*. Itn- :\: »11 
h\n rxtcrnal rirrijnili:iii('"t hnvr tunrr m thnii of Ihr^v 
thiin of folidity, fo.'dfo h.ivfidl hii \^n:ii\r'\ l•ujnymrt^{n, 
and flll th;it happiMcf:, which hr ihiriki to d'livc from 
richeif iiidepcnucnily of their prr;prr a]>p]icaiion. 



No. CXVII. ON A TA'iTK FOR THE ri/I.Tf- 

VATfON OK m.owi:r.s, ani> of IIKAUTIFUI^ 

SMRUnS ANO TRIili.4. 



BK AU'l^Y (^r rvrry Mud i^ fc.rmrd to r.intiv;if^, 
iind their is thi<i pr-f uli.ir adv;nii:ip,f* in ((itit'ru- 
pli'iliiip, tl:f: hrruiin ff vr)»rt.il)I'' nnMirr, th;«t wr nny 
prriiiit our i.rarti lo Iw. r\\lu,\tri\ \}y tlirm, v/ithoiit .'tp- 
prrlirnfion <;f n i\i\]]yrnni'i 01 a difhciifiinalilr In viiiidr. 
A t'iflr* for (h<' l>r fiiiiif. of vr^'pi.-iti'-n i*: thr* w.mU (>f .1 
piitr :iiu1 imin(rnt iiiiiid, ;ind, :it iIk- (.iin'* i\ti\f\ fur nf 
ihr l)«'f| pir/f I vMlivcr. of" piiiilv .'ijid iiiri'u ' !-' «■. It di v 1 ig 
thr att' ntion from the iiohnl'-ni ftrrif-. (d folly, ; rid fn ■ 
pnindii'r'; a plat id tr:Mi'|iiilliiy, hii^hly f:i\Miiii;ild(- 10 
ihr yruOcr viiuico, and lo the pnrriiiririK)' (d oui molf- 
rcfinrd rnjoynirnl'i. 

I iiavc oftrn hc<ii frrprllrd to find thod', v. ho jiol?l fl". 
P(l A vrry ntnlc fiifirptihiliiv (-f ;on(i'l.d or iit'-riny 
{lacc, and ■ were p(;wci fully aflv^k'.'d by th*; h'-.\iitir:» ot 



i^r^ 



R S S A Y S. 



Ko. M *. 



a poriM, rt pi\*»r ol iVuipMiir. or a pAiMtunj, i>i»t .it :i!I 
im'if l«*nl:l»lr i>f llir \'li.-«iiu. of ;*tirr, oi ;* llourrrj. i\\.\'\ 
A riMiiuiiMi j|ii«l |iirlri*^iic rj'C\iAtor, I hrv li-i»r »Um'i 
wiih t:tpuur on 4 finr ^lri\ 1 t|*tu>ii * t t!»- \ air ol iVinpr.' 
{\\*'\ h:*vi- rnioiril into a\\ iUc \\%h\'Ui uhuh j Nlukr. 
fpcjiir I'l .'> MiliiMi inrml {o \'%Miinu>iM\air iii thru rii» 
(-:i.iii(iiu; puliiT* »>t fuM\ci\ At\\\ i\\\A\\ tiriir-, jtii\i \rt 
can \\;il]s «hioii^;li d \\o\».i, pr tir.jJ on a l>;nik ot \>o!r(s 

rtl\*l pmHlolo«, WlttiOlli .tppcai ll'i? (O It ;tfU'\'tr(I wtlH 

lillH*i(Ui4l Kuli^nirui ; (,«; ihcir 1-. ti\' Cruih pt \\tii\ li phi* 
!oltM»hri • li4\r l»mi K-n 'ci * tMi\ iii,f J. i\\a\\ xUas the 
trAlmr^ ot ii;;(uir inUiiiiri\ c\\rc\l il'C moil pcilo\l pio- 

I'hr l^rAiMvot ^'oNmh , ttioiH*'* iullJv rilrrmr^^ IuImvJi. 

tminctiialrlv. jip^i itntir tiPiv.'iMiiv. \\'hrn ^^^lour Aiui 
Ihapc *:r uuiicii in pntri'lit^n, l\c whoi.in view ihcm 
wiin iiilcnrihititv. tuuU icii^Mi aI! piricnliout IP ilrlusicv 
cf prri'rpiion. Siuh aw union Uny Wax uUully cHcClcd 
by iMtuir in (Itr t'oimaitou of ;t tlimrr. 

Thfi* M li-iii\rt\ i\ linvlr ol'iril in a\\ 0\c xri'rC-"S'f 
%vim!J, ii\ whuM lo tn^i'.M* .;i::rrAlvr tM!A!iHi-% .xir xku*\- 
h'.ucA. A'i in ihr *|iiri-»\ o( i;i»\\ri*. ttu- irlr. N ur.!<» 
tnt Ainl\ iv.rAJ'l 10 ir«' :!r ihr i,-;m.-s »•{ !ii*r f .;\ x'»:i ;{i* 
U»il» -HI I'l'ir**?. w !ui !» j-»'i.*r.;-. ;»» I tin M oiur If i'O.iTi"', 



f r 4''.t AVy \ , X p!.'lS» , 



I'v.pr. 



1 "'.- \ I I \ !»".: 1 i.*.-r.: % to 



hi- irf:r!l\i'il t-n liir 1 »;••»* 1 ii i'IV« ii»'i' »'f O'c pli.iti^r 
*\ iui fi ll»r ir?'!.-. iri,t\i- \\\ i »»--.;ri!)pI ;lii)i' , i". .1 »■■.;»: 
\i"'p»| !iui iM!'i« , til,' ili.'*:v. i<l r.ji- jMi'i., i"'/ \-i»li-', 

i|UiI. \h\- ii'iktM. ;:»•■ ii'.'- •. .\Pil ; i:)i»im:i',! »<i^*.-jt, li) 
r\i'M \.;i:%-n «•( f:!.M".-. l».»;r. .i:i.l I'lr. I m r:liur 1* 
r.» I--U I »-n» -ilk -.Mr (i»' i!-.* .:. ■ \\ \ . .t-.^i l'r.:m\ i»f !trt 
Ui'it*., (I; Ml fiu \ji'i-t\ .;t'.il I'li'li 
.'.IuA\^ I'lli i»\ <*! ri \'\ »!',- \\ I'! L . ,<f 

<"^UiM'i.'J \\ i;'i .» iu;i 1 »li i<j .- , 1m: t 
i»( .1 ii.jf I f A li.'w 1. i-w In.i- I. \i 'v 
f.'n I* p| hi- u".\ I "• • li ■■ ! r. •.-,■;. ■ 

j' • ■ ! -.1 !»\ th," !!•,• ■ H" ■ ■ ■ . \\ . f 



.'<. I ^%' !.-,'.. .-. I\" 

■ ■• \\ Stu I :»r\ .;ir 

' 'i t-\ ■ ;'v !■ ii .'11 

t' \ \ I .' t \*\\ ihc 

i\i-: :i»' !.*•%-. I . .IP.. I 

i:- • II ■. w Pu n it 






No. 117. M O R A I , Kc. 1^1 

iia oi'i}tin.il Hi ut('iii*(-i nl tfrMiiiiaiinfi. 't'lic ri'iidifil 
horJfi' ill (Itf |K*ial dl u tluwcr. ititil ilic hiii^r iiii \\if. 
winj; (if a ily, Jil)iLty an mini (try nl ili-liiica(i«iii wliuli 
nil |iriii il I'vi'i yri miiUl rival. Tiic lallr u( itu* ll«iiill 
has nut, liiilri'd, lii'ni ituuli uilmirril, ur |*rnrr.illy 
ufpirfd ui i wliilc* ili.it ot \\\ti I liiiiKiilictii in |iiiiiiiiii|<, 
ia conriilrrf*il &» a mail; ot clr^iatiiT (if iliaiaHn, aiul an 
honourable liillin^titni. Vri, Imrtvt il is an iiuoit- 
fillc^iiLy in \w. irantpiiiti'il wiili ilic wniLin.tiilJiip i>( .i 
poor niorial, ami to icc\ no laotnici in lmvryin)> thodt 
ni^lily linilliiiil pi>'liircr:i, in wtiiili it i^ raly lo tiau* ilio 
tinj»cT o\ ilu* Uiiiy, 

VUtr pocrti liavti iiiviMi ui molt Invuiiant ili'li ilpiiiiiin 
of {{uiilrni arul iit lural liriu'iyi ami lli()n|>li iliry aic 
tlitui|*hL Uy foiiie to liuvif cxicrili'il ifulity, iliry havr; 
imlceJ Uaiirl^ r-ijiiallril it, KiittT a nKulcrn iliiuli- 
liery, formcil ot a frli'iMiuii oi tlit* mull U|>icr.il)|i; 
flo\Vi;rIn(> llunbai aiul iOnliiU'r, wliciliiir ili(*ir i^ any 
ihinu in dir ^aiilrn i>t Ali.'imin.i, in tin* iicliU oi 
Elyliuin. ill MiltonS i'ar.ulili% to In* tinniutrnl with 1I10 
iniriiuixture lit ilirt lilai'i ilu* lyiin^.i, ilir laUntnuin, ihr: 
ilonlilt' bltiHomr.l ilirii\, |>iMtli, innl .ilmuiul ; willi 
(lir ruliiilia, itie jrll.iminr, ilir inula lulri ilic iiiaj* 
uolij, Mud u {*rfat iininhn of 4ithiMt, Iri'a (-omimin. hnt 
iidt lit gitain, tlmn^li |ii'rhap?i ot i-mial, luaniy. A^ 
\\r wulk unildi' I lntU'i.-> ol tIo\\f)&, wliiir n^ f'now, (in|>rit 
uilti ^i*U\t purple: ufe ihr Uiapt-, Mnr u^ ilu- f\paiiU' 
uf htfuveDt HUii bluniiiii* likr ttir iliccL of* ynnili, wf, 
urt led to ima^ini* onilc-lvca in faiiv lan<l, or In um>iltrr 
and a brttdr wttiM i wllt-ir rvnv ilrlii.itr (rule ta lie- 
lii*liceda <tnil all around huMtlirt fiu^ranic*. anilfApamU 
bc^auty; where* ihc hcait (miii to paiiiiinatcf in ilic joy 
of lanuhing nmurc*. (iiuvra ami ^•aiilma hive, in 
dfrd, occu alway-i Inppiilcil to luuih the ininil into a 
pUcid tompcr, priHili.oly favoniablr to thi* indnlgriue 
of tootrinplaiiiui. 

'1 he rkielleni talte whiih nmv pieviiili in ^.OitrninLi, 
Hfually (oinbinek the Ihrubbeiy and ilu* ^,i(»ve. '\'\\c 
Call trtt*^ of' the foielt lonltituie tlie Imik |>round 
ill ihe living lamlfmpe, and ihr lhinl>n, bmrath aiut 
befoit* ihi-111, foiin the undi'rvvuod, in a delightful le- 
femblaiicc lu did iiatuiul voppiu*, and the uiiiiilti- 



M-' 



K S S A Y S, 



No, n'\ 



\\\\'.\ K»!ril. 'I'hr ['lunc iivr Is tvi>f ot* tlu* full bc*.i«:ii:s 
»M)kMt;*. itioie NvlncK aiv luuv iiu>t( h\'i)iuMuIy planiovi in 
Kuw ,. ''.»l*'ns, lis l»»:j»«* lcat\ aiut [vim u:c;\i \<*ulnrc, 
i«*t<..Ki it I'rv'iiliailv tiitril to atl'oul a ti\:u!r« I alwavj 
iTM.i.Irr ii .j'i .1 cIuiMimI irrc*. lor the iMuio:*.t wiii^i* 
t'd I) uu'uiiou i( : Aiu\ loiuc* ot tlic tiiu'll pSiloio^«h'u'4l 
ili.lo^^uv*'; ol ai»ti%{iiii\ p-ilCcvl uiulcr the cool mic:i( of 
lU Mo.ivl .itt.l \i\tvl (oll.it;c*. Soi'ivUrs ioui^ht uo other 
thv ui«» ih.m ih»' cmt iliai girw uiuirr llio pUiu* tr\*c. 
oi\ tlu' lui)k> i't I hi' I till us. i*ht: wocpih);- willow. th;iC 
ill oops v^\v*r ilu- l\iMWl:\t* llrr.uu, conlliluU's onr of 
lluMx" ll'.u' l»s".llUu'^ wliu'll p.iu.iko \»t tlu" iiu'l.uu'holy 
auxl rom.iniiv'. Su^h, iiula\l, aro ihr charms ot lt< 
liiMiilaiu M'.uKitrs, tli.u» whcu |Mo|vil\ riui.it<:J» it is 
oi iUv'U" .la cnvh.iuiiMv' pioliuv. livMutifal a> aic a! I 

l.iU" l\i .:!!. I ii:r ti.il pl.u^' in .\\\ t\\\\\\.\W \^i hoitu'ultu* 
r.il v.n.vs U) tlu* v\ k\'|Mu^, w illow . Ihr \\*H*pinjj biich 
In m aW l;ll!i^^ p:.M;iiii'., an^l a moil viol ii; hi hi I oly*Ol 
til \»Mii.'i. i*^u'i\^» \onvlfi tall ilcm. iiil»j» t':om the 
iii.x'. .':i.v'-. ol' a cr.;:',i;\ lock, covr u\l wiih a liiul whi;*- 
.■■•.'. <*'o;iV l'.!>v* i:!\»;, au.! oioopi;;-.' uiiS ir:\ llioii -..i a 
< »■ ;\\i:;-. iv» .;i;/:ui.'.livi a;- t\* a[»jS'.'.i .;!..'.v-.l v"..p..l... \ . 
\ ..N^ u \\ !». u I j'! 1 r... li\l Willi ho.i". J;»'.l, I. \\;.!i i -^'w, 
.•.;»'. i( \ v'-.i ii.'.\/ a u'li! I .'.pai«'.x' of l»i.'.'.s', v !i..: .'!.-.'. \\'..» 



W It » .» IW /w'l I I IMpl.'v » :'v \ . 



Ail o!x'. 



I'. 



o :.» 
f ;'. '.1 '.'A v»vU »'.;\J.» 1-, IV-..: a I.* Ol 'l:. l.lv \ \ . ■' 






I ■ 



i ii; \\.K':U'\xl I'. .-pi'Mi.N \\\ l.KM'.l, II 

!«-: !io.u . wit I) :'ii!l i.x'W \-«.'.ir, :U. i \:.' t'.v 
I »■ xx'Mual jv»i»I u \'t 1 oiiii' '.. .' \ . .'•..• ... 
I ./ l.»tl iimc, I ix- v-l»--.;'.'.i t5».'...' .'. :• . '. . 
tr , :i;x' i'IoIIn l.ujic!. liuM.* .i". I !.' -.m »»' \ 
li.'Sliiil picUux^, ill. '.I wIiil/ I . :i . !■. • 
i.i;v*v'\\i lacl.iwn, .,ik1 |w.v\ .. ■ . 
..:i,! ;'.;i,\"il, I ih.:ll I'.vU »■ » V- . .. . 

I.a':!i.-i lU l!l. pi,iiJU' v.'.l.x: I. ^ o. ^ v v- . 

llu" L;;iv' t»M pl.;ilt.i;u ii p .x 
t- \ . .\\\s\ u \>'.'»;hl lx» l».' » : . »'i. 
r»l.U'.' lv»ll|CC Ot pIxMU-..' U» l 

|MO\ctiu*uL lo the* coaiiiiur u\ . 



■ s 



.« It 



.1 ■. . 



»■; ;'w '.\ i-.'.'i 



, .■ . . V 



I > I. 'l 1 . 1 



I t^. \ . 



\ V 



' '■/ luvs- 



r I 



No. I lit. 



M () I'. A I , /.fc. 



MJ 



iKal wliili: l*.<r j 1.11.1 iliL' in'L I i i.ii..;,i.i ..[, i ,r j], .,'] ,.,,l 
iitij^i'l lit Litifji Lilt: itt.t'ii.i tiliil I. .ill ii.ii li>..ii i.f i.iilv, 

aiiil JiJii i- . . I I.I t 11 lu (hi.. J.ti.tl^ ./ y / .i , ^-; .,..., J ^ l.ii Ji 



■HiUIBWMHai 



Bffk«M«a>M»M 



l^ril— ■■■*! 



No. CXVllI. ON 'IMh MIAHA* 111* ni 
AlJi>IS()N A'j A I'd]- I . 



/"I'^UK lii(li<: fii' a grciit ii.'unc liul niily |.'i., i.fj (»mI 
J^ brailiies to (lie };rc'iil(ll .fU'.iiii.ii'i', I. Ill ;i M .1 
^ifjie to ill liii iiiiiy, iiiiil iiiiivfiia a •I'liit in .in i ^. ■ 1 . 
JrliCi". '1 lie Ciilliulialticiil •I'ljiiin i & i.f .i I ii .mh •(< .tuilni', 
iikc' dliicijt JliVt Til, i/iivV (liii(.: iilji I'l.. v.-iili 1 .|.liiii', -.villi tl 
(.iiilc ill (illiiij iiidillcii iiLi: i.r (iiL-.iil. \'.' iiImi.iI (i.iili- 

<liiiii|'^ it.c^ in'ri|u.iliiii ^ -il (lie \.,i,i'' <•• iiii.-;, .11. ,1 (t,^- ,:, 
Vtrrliiii'j <fl lul'j'i'id, tlu V »ii<- I--.1 I'j i>iiii iiiili-. 111. Ill il.i. 

iXCrtli li< t: Iff tint- jntir 111 .- Il .iiiIIk-I'j >\iilk-), l|ii( „ll 
arc I y. > L lu'iil i .ii.it liial I- ji ,L( I L i ill ..1 J ill J 1.!- II t( Hi c, is 
|.<iratiii.c vvi(, .:i.<l j'lii 111 ill . 

1 kij ■*"-*; 1.1 1( v.liillifi run Ml' A Mil. Ill, v. I.ij r. U. .'.r- 
r«.iVCill)' ( iii:i nil (1 (lit- liiii.iMir I't i.iil I. i::iiii, .v.i ) iiiil ,t. 
dirlilL'il lur a liiiail |«mil <.I h.:} m iiiK-iti.iii {,, i)ii iijn,.] 
Li^i'iiy 'il j)i> jtiiiit I-. Oil hit-' I -.Il i f.i|.| iiliiii.ii I I 1..,.,^ 
lifit iiljW hi' iiiiiM Jiiivr; tii'i II iii!i.ijji.l .u .t 1 1 j / i iI.h.i i.i 
J.ncC. J 111' L;i.'|itiiliuli.il<- Iriiij I I .i! Ill I- .'ItiUi I > I.iil. nil -i 

k itilni jn'ijiii.! iit| iiiiil i]ii.tlii.> •: 111. I. ni r i • ...J liif.ini. 

Ill il /lib i<i < I i l> lllll iiil'l l(l</l .lii ' V , 1 I 11 i(-| I ■] III III 1. 1 1 !■. I- 

\i\t (tt Lli.«r .iiiiiii;iU:ii tjihil i Jn- li i. .lit: I..11I i.| j.i.iijy. 

hij( ilic J> •iiJiT ia Liii^villiii^'^ M/ 111 lit r, dill l-i .1- 1 1,, „ii- 

11 1. lilii , Uiil III i ill I lit .1 .^.^1 1(>.'| J i:} In mil 1 1 I II. Il , ^ .liiii^ 
lii'-ii-fiilf , Wjiril 111 j/.i(t' :> liiiiii I1I1 nil, It 1 . lu. |,i,. |,^ ^ 
uli'l lyiiji 1 Vv a il hiilli f< II lull I i«.i I ■ ; f>ii>l i|i fi- ii n. .' i,| 
iliciil ill lli'H.lli( r, lii:i.t'hil 111. Ilii. ill >ii. Hull \iti ^,v.■^^ 
JuJ^ltK'llt llliill llici iilfilll |( ■: III ilii iKiiii.i. I<(iiwi| .ilh I 
ic;iijri )ia» Killt-iJ lllliilli'li lIic l.iiiii: 'I. J! liuiin-. )''|li.tija 
iiiiild tU lllL'il' lallitb^ iii, it l(iiliMci./l llKii ililc^l:,, yet 

iiuhiii. il 



i4» E S 5 A V S. No. lis. 

inclinrd In jnin in ilirlr pnift, in oppnAilon to comHc- 
(ion, Tram >dr«iid of the imputation tif a droraved fUr. 
Had nor a (cnerntitin for hit nimr prcvrninl iriliu fViim 
ijpcAlcinx ihdr rrnl fcniiminr), ihuush Adiliron ■Mwld. 
ai a mofal rH'ayill, mult jullljF haveLccn called iht So* 
craiet, PUra, or Xroophon of liia »gt i ^et hff nroiild 
atvrt have bwo rltcrmml ihc lifit of poeii. 

[e would he injudice, while wc inTpcfi ihc fr vfllamn, 
Id piif> aver in lifencr, ihr rlr^m pnen which i> pre- 
fixed to the work* of Addifon. on the Jeath of tnrir 
author. The mel.ini iuil)- flow of iht \tr(e i< wtll adant- 
cd to exprcfi ihe icflJerncli of the featimtntt. 'I 1m 
besuiytif iheima^pry. and [he energy of the eK[ireffioni 
(Dlitle ihit little pieco lu a very refpriltable ranit nmOBf ', 
ihf clcginc compofiiiont of the fingtilb writcn. It w« 
for a lorg lime little regarilM i hut the nrenilon lately 
paid Uiit, and iha CDmmenilatiuni hetlowed on it, an' 
procifa that littmry ni«rit, however unnotite'J for n linte. ' 
through .iccident, prcjiulice, or patiy, is Aire to receive 
the applflufe it defervei rrnm tnipartial ptsfteriry. | 

At [he end of the verfci of Addifon to Mr, nryden, i 
we ,ic told, that the niiihor wni but l^vcn^y.l^^o yrart 
of age when he wroic them. Whether the at;e wm »(. 
fxe.l 10 exienii.-iie the im^erfe^ioiit, or to oihunce the j 
meriti of the poem, certain it it, that both ihefe inien> j 
tion) are fruftraied by jt> excreme infignificance and fa- I 
tility, Th« prodkijlion if unworthy the nj;e of tweoiv- 
two. Mr. I'opc i> known to have wiition hit pnlloruj, 
which infinitely exceed the verfification of Addifcin, at 
fixteen t and Milcm aciguiredan elegance in Latin vrrJe J 
at an earlier pctioJ. The thouDht* in iliit piece are ntl 
llriktnf;. the DyJc ii contemptible, nnd the iiegliftoe. 
in the rhime alone would, in the pteftnt relineiiicatd 
talte, Gonfipn the work to oblivion. 

That all liii piece* aro upon a level with ihii, 
not be aflertcd. I'hnt fome of them Hbnund with f;raitd 
nineeptioni, and have manv good liiici, mult be ooM 
ti-ncd. But allowing Adiltron all tlie mrtit in lii« 
pneirv, which candour, or even pnriinlity in hit favour 
can allow, he never can be jiiDly el)e^med one of th« 
firll pocti of the nation. I never heard that Socraira 
incteaffd 



No. I ii;, 



M O U A 1.. Ar. 



H 



int ii-(tl>'J liii tiiinr liv lu^ |iiiiMi(itl vriliKii nf I'ln •'. !■ i* 
\i\i">t <illil itic hrll pitili' wiiUi til itir lu'll :i<*r til I'miiii 
wii»tr ihr liur, •* O /.'tihtti/ti'Ai, H,if.i'ftt ftf *.••*.. t\. A* ■ 
** m^tM,** t hr lliilYt 14^ lititllir tttii.tUv hi-lln^^ i Inl 
i*it)i i%ilK (t piiiili'iil liiiii.ilti V rvni 111 ill I I tviiiii iii'i. 
\ )iir itii(*^U i>it iliM iM I iiltun ithjilv iti Aililiitiii tin* p ill u* i 

«t| Mrtlll-lt, ** //•« r'«.cr.'/«/i /.i/vi." Thli I ii II n't I i>( 4 
Imii porl ytMi luvr im iMltuiiiiii with llir I'.n'-it I'l.i-in. 

*i*i> <i|i|M>ti* ik|iitiititi« uiiixrilrtlly irinviii, n in im ur 
iKr lm|Mi(HUiiit t>t Vftiiitv, i^,itiir4iHr, {iit>l wmt ni t.iih . 
lUtt iti rvPiV lltttiviiiiul liMi It li^lit In piivil - IilIimih iii , 
\^\\\\ tit4Y uilri- Ilia li'iiiiinriiti hi ntln'ii, u luli- lin ilnn 
il W'illt tlunlrllVi )i|iilt ii -3 :l )iMllil>lllt V III iiiiil il r, iiinl 

lirrpi Itii iitiiiil i>|M II III iiiiivii hiiii, I ti.ivi' \riiiiMi*>l in 
dilVitni r rtli uPMiUHi (ti'uiitll litr |iiii*lii.il iiiriit nl \>l 
ililmi t ir^'rtiilli'li liiiw It iitdv iiKiMii ilinii* will* hiittiiit 
(tu'ii (iiil itirlit* tn till' iliiri'inii) nl ntlii'ii. rtitit w tin ji.iy 
Mil hiiplii 11 iiltniiriur In fiiitltni iiy. 



Nn. i*XlX. iilU l«>I.I.V <»l Ml' I '11. 1 Nil J i'i« 
nilinUUN I'll A I.I Ml Nil* I'I'iill .'. tn:j, 
\Vllili»tir III i. I'iMir.Aliii.i r\ ni im tiv ipi ::i. 
I lll-M WI III -\ * t>.Mrll I I Nf V, 



'^1 ^11 \'I* rtiliiiiiittiMii n till" rll.i'l III i.'MiMMiii I*, it 
\ rt liiilti liiiivri Idllv (I'litill-il. :iiiil iiiiilinu' l.i 
linntilv I'M llr^ liir< wninlri n| I lir iltilii iiir Tit li> i iii. m 
ittr t li tl iiMiM nl pinliMiii'l i-i Uiliiinii. 

l)a.-/li'il i>V lll>' l|>li*lli|iM III lil>-|rtiv tiniiiiiil-i. IMitliv' -til 
illMii il |Mli'lil il'i": I'l i'\ i-iii< .{ Ill- imt tiniii .11 i|iiii iiii> « 
|ii|ttiiii' liriiiliit till* tiiiiiili-i. In ill' Iniii il.iivi' in ii 

|iUl|ili , 

'I'iirli* irlli'i h>>ii 1 \^■l'l^ tit i iilinnril liy iiiri'lini! t'l •■'•' 

« 

fiiriiil rtl »l I lilli't' liniilr mii' r\riuiii' i.ill \\ • ■ I Itii 

liHil, '. Wi'ir tiirciuir, lut ilnl . Iliiililty. •iit«i in* lii(li> i- ml v 
it)Milnp,t/ril tii| llu* I iiltinrl-i nl ImiD.tl, Im iIk* !t<Ilii\v 
|iu> II 111 I ilivr . 

\ nl . II. II •• M 



146 K S S A Y S, No. 119. 

*' My failicr," faid lit*, after fomc pn.'llmin3ry ron- 
vcfr:iii(iii» '* wiib a (liurucik'T of Lulctulilc ijitfnich in 
" Loit'lan ; a very iioiif-ll in:iii, antl very iauLh ^'i'^'cn 10 
*' rcadiit^i; };<><lly i)ool.->, wUfncvirv lie (.ould fl al a 
*' inijiiicni iiom ilie litp-i\tmt^ and thr: l.iil. Ai 1 wa% 
'< the only child, he tot^k ;'/cut dr|i;#ht in ini.*, ai.d 
•' wi'f.il frcqufntly 10 fiy, that h* hoprd in time lu ce 
'* me Arciilii(ho)) of CiitK-iljujy, uiid no fu' h ;»rr.it 
" matierb neither; for ai to my parcnta^^r, 1 wat ah 
** goud aft many u one that ha 1 ivoi n si miirc ; aii'l he 
** would mane me ati [»uod a. Ji/fo/an^ too, or it ihould 
'* ^'o h.iid with )iim« 

** My d«:llinaii(jii to the church wa» thu) unalt'-'rahly 
*' fixrd he fore i wat five yeari old ; and in con feque uce 
" of it, 1 wai |iut to a ^Tumitiai (lIiooI in the <'ityt 
" whnuc, alter a ihoufand pnili of tiic cane, and prriU 
of ihr rod, J wrni to the L'niviiliiy on an exhihition 
of fifucu pcjuiid*) a yrar, wiiich my f.ithrr filjtuiiir'd 
** from Oil'* of the- city cnmpiiiilr-, with ito fniali dliii- 
culty. So icanty an altowamr would i»y no iiicani 
deft.'iy th'? en(/iMtou-: (xji'-ticc ol uiiivriiiiy c-diuation ; 
and my l.ilh<-r, vvlni.'r jiiiiie vv(;uM ii.;L h-t uir :i|f. 
jj'-ar Kir.-.r.f'j lli:tii iiiV ( OHij' ii,]<;i. ., vi y ii .t !j!y 
a^irril !•, j,;j-.' rij'- ji.iiy j,(iini.! . o.il i.i tlj«- /'ni/ 
•' profit'! ol III', irnU'f .-.'I III r!;-i,.., ]iij,i|rl( iii.n, lu- 
•• ri'ji «-iii ;■ ii'j' .iiiMi' , ).. oi«l'r t<i .1' < r/iii|Miili ju nK 

** tlw ;•;.;.. '.•'.] it ol .'il 111. :Uiih;llt,lj. 

'• In t I, 1/ i rinfl.i II f.'llli'l *'. 'Irlir'*, lll.'it 1 fli'illi I 

•* ( (tli.^i.- '• I lull I' : M, <if :m .il« /111' .il rilm ..r U,:i, I ilid 

•• I.O ;'<# 1,1 '» 1.1 «!*-l •. 1 1,. I ./Ji'. f 1 ('•■.'Il )r.ii. It iiiilii-j', 

** .ri.l Ji.i : I .'.'-Il III*' '.■• Il '■ (A J. I I. 'I 'I ill .'■;it . i V..14 

*• th''i'''J . ii ^.^,.\\ ]'■ (i li-'TiVi'iV ,11/ J.' ' iliil..(/ 

'* vti\ .!.i.ii< :J >, lid:. I iji ■ .tiidir- , nil J v..i, li.< :iri'J 

** iw'.i'/. Mr.!, Il •.'», 1 ■ .' . n(iil vr ; r'; iii.d'.'' a 

** IjOiil jiliili, ;:li 1 I'/ i: ' l\\y i li'l f;(ylti th'' I'Mllii'fl 

" (>f Itt 1'' J il,;' III'- ■■.--' I li.til :Jt>' I'i'fl.t. <;f hi', |..ijOUr). 

till I 

•• The oM ni.itt vva.' I" J ili.it i III, ill] ;i:ti-iii'.i tii ;o-i 

** foin«* kind tii |imI uit'lil ; r. •, ... Iji- vvni'l p'rfi»*- 

•' loiill-. 1,1/, tli,i: I.I- v. ..:i('-! 10 .ihij.iw hi . :iflilt,.iiir, 

** hut l!.,il il'- ih'.iJ-. ill 1: v/.i. hi'.'., litit'. 10 l/'-;'iii to !o>.!c 

** up .it the JillilOjiiK . 

*' I hailci:cd 



it 



it 

il 
« > 



No. 119. MORA L, kc. 1^7 

*' 1 iiadenrd to T.niulnii as the mofl nm|ili' fifld luV 
*' ilie (lii'play nt my aluliiica, aiul thr a(-i|uiiiii(iii ol 
** iTkiinry and fame. Suon alrrr my aiiiv:tl, I heard id 
'* a vacant Lt-cturt:iliip j uiid thou^di t waM uii rntiitr 
*' Ihanp^er 10 ifvcry one of the puriihiiHici^, I irlidvcd 
*' to irutt my rault: to hoiicll endravoiin, and a irdu- 
** loLia canvai)}. t Ihall iioc tmulde ymi with an nui - 
*' mci'ution td the frvcrul indiuiiiiirs J AiHcred (for I 
'* had not loll my tinivcrlily priiic), from hein|> undn 
*' the neceliiiy to adilirfb, with the moll ahjc^t luppli 
'* ratioiib, chandlers, haihiTb, and ^Mr'r'u-|>nu'<'i.-). S:if 
'* fice it to aa)iiaiiit you, that myfflf*, and anoihei 
•' yoiinj^ clergyman of reguhir t*duiaiii»n, appean-d, 
** on tike diiy of c'ln'tiuii, lo have hut fcvniteen voira 
** between ub ; and that a mi'iliodillii a! enthuliail, wlu> 
** hail onee hern a eaipi-iiicr, hdie a^viiy thr pri/i: with 
** a ninjoriiy ui' n hnndn- 1 ami iwcniy. 

** 'I'huui'h dil'ippuinii il, 1 wa^ iut\ drjn'ti'd ; and t 
** applird to a leiiidn l'>'^Mi)i' (ur hin Cuiaiy, the dnry 
** ot whiih, contilti-tl in pi.tyci'] twier a dAy, a fermuii 
'* on Sundays, and iniitinu-rahh* huiiali, ihii(lehin|>i9 
" and wciliiinub. 1 th(iU(>hi inylflf h.ip]iy, however, 
** in lii^in^ oll'i'ii-il foiiy ^iiinfa'i u yiMi', without fui- 
'* phib, or iiupliee feei ; tnii hn'.v w.ii I rha^iined, on 
** [u'\i\^ t(dd l)y the Kei'tor, on tht? vn ) hill Sunday 1 
^* Wfht to oiliiiate, that 1 nn-d not tiunliji.' myfrlf, ua 
'* aniithfi- ^».-ntlenian hail nnili'iiul.tn the whole iluiy 
** at tony pDundi ! 

•* 1 wailed niiw a rnnrulnahle tinn* in e\p.iMatinn that 
** fiiineihin]^ wouKl fall; 1)111 hi'Hid nt nniliiiif in whiih 
** there wab the li'all pioli.dnliiy ol inicil--. iiiiluppurlrd, 
** ah 1 w.i.1 l)v frieudd, iind inil.nuvsn to l.nu.-. /\i htit, 
*' i wah inlormed hy an aiipiamianvr, ih.tt a n ri.iin 
'* Cleri.' vniioi in thi- <iiy wa-> (tlxiiii di h-IiImi Iih 
*' l.t-tMiiielhip, anti ih:it he wonM iiioluMy ii'.'.tii in my 
'* t.uour, iff weie enily eiiniii'h in ni>' it]']'!!. iIhmi. 
** I o)a«le all the halie I |riillihly niulil d. ii.tii ilub 
•* |M*ntlenKin heloir hii u ri'ihuit n i .m.l lnnii.! v«iy 
*' liiih' difhiidiy in |)..riii.i(liii^>, him ti* iiiiii. iili- in niy 
** fiii'iiur. In ihnii, hib < n>liMVi'.iii.-:, j nhr-l 1 - inv lAvn, 
** It'CUM-il the Lc-iMuielliip, an.i 1 \. ii uM.uiiiiii.uit ,' « lt,i- 
•• Ictu 'i\iti cleiloib, howL-vi'i, c^pjellrJ a ililoi-, ilui 

JJ i ** \ >wv^uU 



tning 

d 



' I wMid qvit nr pfK* c>f niitntf. wliiib w« M« 
' din.hiP, i<Ml llvo in lU i.ail[h, Ti. ilii< fcuufll I 
' t;t)nra«u<il I «><•) lintiailiai'Iv hwd inyTalf in a qkoiii 
•' ramify, ivh«tB I l-xluPil an>( liutiJn'! fiir lifiy fuuiiJ* 
" Hfron biitl At I tkNt mil ft) AfiiliiiiiiU) iti 111]!' AtUr, 
" I roii^M lulu I'll myfclf on ilta liKiipy nvdiii, ufiii Al 
•' iJgH'n t-onmitciJ anil rutUHcl. Ilttt, xUiI how niii 
■> J tQtituui)4«iIi wIkk my (olicfhiia lt;iiut|li( tlit an* 
•' auaI umirliiuliisfl, Id Tiofl it uniouiti lu no tiiiif* ()>"n 
" Kfi Gkftfl fum of iwnfiiy-oftp {"iiKidt mo Oiilliiiut itn4 
•• l|ir«a-()i:rii:ii tbtCB riilhiri|(e I I wit unilur in Hiifflti 
" JiuiH m»ini)' of ilirutintiiitiit my ln4)tl'i|!, r«riKni(i| 
" m pff'fiwfii, und guivily d«i;<iinfi(ig tviili U ' 

'■ ■U.u, Bif." W4 K " l.nv« I ■•"* for 
" v*nily j'l'Art leoii lufTcii alx'ul lit iJi» wurlJ. t*'fili'i»l 
** uny (UvJ rFflilcncc, Arid tviilinui ony wiruiri j>roQ>iA, 
<■ of niy Wtml. I inuti in'i htrtvovcr S'lmplnin, ii I 
" im Hrfll ii/luff>l liiire m* rimny iit (liM ii» iii'yuWt. \„ 
•' liinailorii ffiy limllnf lo iiiin*. Vrt '^■" i 

" ima, I ruflritti help biinit fiKiHIh «riauj i< 
" ihtt I mi^rlili pFil\,\p», haiebaen iu]<\r 

■■ (<ll.- [i..nl.lhn>'^W., >llNl-l, liud I Lmm I . 

" m my ptceinHl Rtvl mni lull. My |'ii"i I'l'lmi ilu'it 
<' *bout two ycort hkc> nnj 1 Imvo rcitCun la iliiqk. hU 
*' iIir4pri(;ioinienLMnil (unuw funny ill-lui(«Ca Ji«rt«i)i4l 

•' iiioiiiroiuiioii. 

" I now fiip|»(.il mylVir Uileraldy wpH in iIip rijincjl)' 
" or, wiW tlio world Iudiir>'i''!|' I'ull), n Ifurltnev 
'' I'Airi'iii AnJ iIiouqIi I (lu imt y,H ijulm i'u irtHA 
" 06 a J'iuMicv|ijRii HinrnDikrr, I ihaU (iilTi lo kcfy 
■• Tfjiil Aiiil bofiy iiiRulliFri HiiJ 1 ilia.ik ljt>.| fl.r tl)«i.. 
■* H, AU, y<iu (.uulil fecamiiieiiJ mit, liei* ia ny k4* 
" drrC*, iiji four (mir ot flsirt." • 

lie ivii piocMtliiig, l>ui ho liiiJ Uio powoifully CTa, 
ciifd my iVmpitlty 1 Miiil nrtci (DnloliKjt Mm ii> ih* WO , 
of my ptvUt I (odh iny Ibmvo i^f lum, not i«iilufii|. 
fyvtre riAi-fiinat on itpiire FinrruM, kIiii, hi inilulg* ^ 
rhIUllh v^nii;'. brlns u]> ihci/ o(r*piiiig lu mUery tni 



No. lao. MORA T., 5rc. f\^ 



No. CXX. ON DK'IVCV, AS TIIK OMJ.Y 
MOTIVi: OF OUR AIM»\'<INI' VllirUI.;, ANI> 
I'ARTICUI.ARI.V or OUK RI-I.K.lOrs Hl-UA- 
VIOVR. 



WlfATKVFR mny hr ihr virrs nf tU'^n -.vy. 
it lannot br fa'ul t(i hr pnrtinit.irly ilii)ii)|M)lnif,i 
by hvpfxrify. Sclfinmrfsi rrij^us triiituph.nu ; niii) men, 
ff*r tnc moll part, piirfuc whntrvrr ihr\ (liink rntultuiv* 
•0 their own ptrafiirr or intrrrit, withotu rctrnriliiir .tp. 
)Hrarancc{i» or the opinionn of olhns, cxrrpt, irulrnl, 
when their intrrell or their plcjfurc nrc iiniu'^iiiiitrly 
concerned. 

Even they who fill ofllcn nf confiJencr nii'l hono'.ir 
in the community, nrr, in t)ni Nfre, fond of divrllin^r 
fhemfelvci of th^t extrrnil Ji(>iii(y with whieh the 
wifdnm of rnir ancellorii jnlgrd it ii};ht to rurrouiiil thrm. 
They dcfccnJ with a prciiliar kim! of priilc from thrii 
natnral or political rminciKT, nml will not rvrn ilif'pl.iy 
the appearance of thofo vittur^ nnit al>iri(ir<i which ntr 
ahfolutely neccfTfirv in their oDice^ nnd li.itioiM. Thry 
cAcntatiotilly exhibit a carelcflnefi niui t)t(Wli)^u'y in 
their convcrfation and behaviour, which, if th«'v le div 
pnlTefii, oiiftht to difpUrc them fiom their tatiL, ,iud 
ttrip them of theii blulbinjr honours. 

in thofc who fill |>uldli- oflicrs or who arr fnrd In 
the more importnnt pfiMrflionT, ;i irj'_.\td to r\trtn.»| 
decency !'• if^rlf a viiiui\ Km. in tf\iih. if ihi- pt.-l-m 
difordered lUtc of ihinjV' ^vindd prrinii, wonr (mij'Ju to 
fill thoir ofTfcei and piofeiliotis whole irj;.ud to dcvrtuy 
dret not nrifr from a rc|J.*rd to vlrinr. 

There tire, indeed, many who air ellrnned i»oo.| lou 
f»f prrfons, but whofc |M»odner^ i-> unpiiiuiplcil. nod 
Appear*; to arifc folely tww a rrjvnd to evtrmal 
decorum, or, what h tailed, the f^^vinj: of npprMrnnce«j, 
And thii moiivci ruoi ;ui'l ronlcnuu\^^\c a-x \v \^/\\\ 



,-,x»X. 



If^ B 8 8 A Y St No. 11 

comparifoti mth rationfti principles arifing from a 
viAioii, it very often the only avowed motive Ant i 
regular performance of all external duties ; but m< 
particularly of thofe which concern religion. 1 
wllowing imaginary tranfa^ion will, perhaps, fugj 
an idea of that poor and political decency which ii 
thought a rery extraordinary efibrt of virtue to ma 
tain* Let us then invent a fcene of fidion by way 
exemplification* 

** We muft have a Faft Day foon»*' fays the Stat 
man, *' for tht Americans have had one alread; 
** It is unneceiTary,*' replies the Privy Counfellor in 
jockey drefs» aiming at a wretched nun» " it is al 
«' farce.** <* Between friends/* fubjoins the Sui 
man» *f 1 am not fonder of fuch formalities than ) 
** are ; but yon know it is decent, and we muft a 
** form, externally at leaft, to the prejudices of 
*^ mob.** y It is decent, my Lord^** re->edioea 
bench of Bifhops. 

** There is a Sermon preached to-day before i 
•• Houfe of Lords,** fays a member ; " True,** t 
cnothor, «* but I vote it a Bort ; anJ bf fides, 1 am < 
** gaged to Ice a fine bitch pointer that I think of bi 
•* ing.** '• Well,** rcfumcs the other, ** but let us mi 
•* a |>arty of two or three to church, becaufe it 
•• decent.** •* Wc beg, my Lords," foftly whifpcrs 
epifcopal voice, ** you would not put yourfclves to 
•• fmallert inconvenience, for half a dozen of us h; 
•• determined, though we have a thoufand engagenici 
•• to poUponc them an hour or two for the Inke of < 
•• cency. Decency, my Lord, muft fupeifcde er 
•• coniidcration.** •* Will you go to church, my L< 
•* Duke ?** favs one, 'owly bowing to his patr« 
•• No ; I think it decent, biu you will be there 
** that account ; and as I am ''ngagcd to-day at I 

liards, I muft beg to be excufrd :-; — but I h< 

there will be enough there to make a decent « 



■ c 
«< 



•* pearance " 



Among the gay fenators of the Britith empiic it 
been obferved, that very few, of late, have difplayec 
this inllancc even that fubordiaaic virtue of which 

fpej 



No. no. MORAL, &c, i;i 

fpcrnk, :irej»ard tofxtfrnal ilrrrncv. Wcftmin(l«»r Abbry, 
iiulccii, i't not a \>\iuv to be licijuriiti'd for nlcMiuir by 
thofcj who c'hii'iiy (hiiic in the iLiml al a liurff-rav*'. 
Onc! or two ofliccih hoai*vrr dn littnut a ii'rnion ofhciallyv 
and a Irvv others for the i.tLe dt itecriuy ; but thcf know- 
ing ones couliilctr the; whole blliln^i^, to rxpiei's thr'ir 
own ideati in their own lun^^ua^r, a*i a curlril loun|'.e. 
Thib bu(int'f'), therefore, and many cithrrii of u moik 
folejnn, facrrd, and ventruble nature, being conlideied 
merely as incunibjaneci by tlte j(dly part, which ii t'.« 
gi cater part, ihev are utterly m?' levied, or aiiemled I)/ 
A few only, whofc inicrcll compels thcjn to have a re- 
gard to decency. 

Our rcliKinu trachea us to feparate one day out of 
feven for religious purpofes. But many of the wife ihen, 
who VI ere born to lie our KngliOi Solona and Lycurgi, 
confider the inflitution inerrly as a foolifli fuprrlUiion ; 
and therefore fpend the Sabb&thi like the chaiming peo- 

I lie abroad, at cardn and in diflipation, and very inucK 
ament Chofe grc^f^ pirjudices ct the common people, 
which render it dec eni :>nil prudent not to open (he thea- 
tre*, and enliven the horrid dullnefh of the Seventh Duy 
by public divei/ions. Kven mighty jmxmI ioit of peojde, 
IS they are ufuully called, hejii.itc noi to confefs, that a 
regard to external dcctniy ik one of ihe (hief niotiv'e» 
of their regular conduct in obferviu^ the Sabbuih, and 
other virtuous practices of our forefathrr.i. 

it would not be diilicnit to trace thi^ motive of de- 
cency in many of the: appan-nt virtu' •:, wIulIi tiilplay 
theinfelve^ with no little olleittation, in every dcjiari- 
menc of human life. lUit ic is teally iK-cti-r to | ay that 
deference to virtue; which aiiic;> from ttiiuming iIk; 
appearances, than by intpuilent ami avowed eoniempc 
of it, to injure oiherb l>y the example, 'i'o have meicly 
I regard to decency in common life, aiul in a wickcil 
and unprim iplcd a;;e, becnme.'j, in lome ile;»ree,. 
virttiou&. We will nor, therrfoie, expole ilii*. unlound 
virtue? to (cviu'c cenfmr, execpt when it appears in 
reli^Moii, where, whatever appearanie.-» aie inlinceie, 
conlliiuce hypocrify of a ni<>ll deicll.ibte kind ; hy})o^ 
crify, founded on Iclf-iniereli. h ir> ilie man lA t/ttrftt 
QhasutXtr (uud with thiii view alone he ib decent], who 

U 4 t\'^>t'^ 



i$4 ESSAYS, No. 

llrman. or. iitdced. who i* capAble ol' ipenJIr 
time iu amult'menc. i\iihou( iujurinij 'i\\c pub 
hi> own I'amily. ought lu \>c luriVicu (o pjitakc ot 
It he p,ivc> up hi» hour>, his lakiur. iinJ hi» the 
to ihc puritiit. he \\a» c^iiicJ a ii};h( to the v 
iincc the oMcC) \u ol a lutuie which cannot be a 
pridicJ while ali\e 4Uii M hbcriy. A Irllow-ci 
%\ jA^recdbh iimuiti! (tnil bmctiieit, Awd no man ii 
lincethc Uud thdt llic» iu iheair no moic bclonj^* 
tcnitnc ot the nunltoii-houle. ihun the tun hr^m 
rtjually lhu)c» on the i:oit(:i;e and the pttldie. 
11 the opulrnce. and liide the i;ijni)rui. whiih 
a Jifpottiion which wou!i) uUiloiit*{riJ)v riii;ri>tf>. 
lirre potiihle. the ht^h( anii I he a\f. 

With lelpcil to the n\atier of 4 iinp^ls it i> ce 
that a l.ofil ot the M.inor i> no lef> \iAAe to ht 
tecuteJ lor it on hi- own nt.tnor than a\\\ oihn p 
whcihrr ijujlideJ t^r i)ni|ua)ihcvl. h lhtl\^t thei 
the ii.^iu-i..iii.r, :i> well ct» (ulMtidr) Jiiiv ntioii ot 
pi'it\ pii;iir», when (hex « latin ihe pii\ ilr^e ot p>i 
|t>r pic\, wtlhoul iiMitli 111, \'\\ thru iu-ti;iilv 111 S 
biul of e\i. litt'lPi* uil olh^]^ tiiMli ibrii o\w. in 
i: j> r\ii.iii!\ .'.ti.l'tftl \\]\..[ }'■ IV 1.. j*<:. \'\c I» 
I i.c 111. .1.1 I J » lit ».«.■• ; ..:.i'. w !.. ; : r ; lir '...^ .; !•( i .% i 
I.^ .■ii.U .•'..>• ;!.iU-., Wi'.'.i \,.', .. ;*..- i u I. . .<: >,•■••■• • • 
k.i :■ , \h..n llir III; .\ % .'. \..'. ^\ \\'.\. .i\ •'-.' ! . !•. 
I . I v\ i'l -.1^. I he t «'t);. li: '. ( .. .1* i..\\ .N \> iKi .') .'-... I . 
lU .1. I* I ;• (Iu. l-i:.. .'..'. ■ > i . i.i I ! V \\ ., I . ..it .:i ..1.,. . 
..:... III. I! i) '. l-.'.«.v>«i l.'.i V «;..')[ lv< \ i.- Ii*. .'. t i:; 
i;...i:v- \ K x\ , ..f.i .:jr n:;:i.i.^ if ::.ttr, ...A.C" i. 

{, ; .!t .iti'.i*. '. «I I..'. ri\, i'\<'\l..'>iii 

t ! I . . . ; ■ .1 I '.■•*.■. V ■' I ' . i * ». . » .Ml'... .i * > . t : IM 

V !; .» !'l \ c . . H I.. ;. J : . \ .. ■ i:. ; ;.:■ I» . M\ J'. ...!•■ I- 
fl^'i '"i' ,'l..l .11 <• .r. i" I ...1: '.'. \ . ..>.li,it 

I .,k..:. I. \ 1 1 I .k. . i.;( I. '.(i .' ,i '. ii'r " 

I '., ' \ >.'' ..t'l i.\l.|>.k. ■ >>' t>- ^...1 if Vi-.-.tiT >1. .It\ 

\ ..I . ( .. . . SI ' !i n . 'i .."■ «■ » .V ... 1 •. . ; ..; \ . ». . : 

l;' (.1. .. . i..«... • •• ...» •« . • \ ■ 

tii><«-- ^»" l.i't* .I'.i'ti . :. .!. . . .»', 1 1.. 
I' .. n i • > t • • ■ • I ». ' » ■ vv " , I » « ' I 1 

Wiii^t *' ii. .*••!*.,• ••••* ••*', ■•»» •■ ••'■ 



Nii. lit. 



M O \i \ I. X, 



* • 



ill l^|•^ ttu? (•■tliii} I Intlir liiiii ill pirrit |ilii(||, uliil 
Kii>l iiilii III |>iii\iiii jilii tl ml 1, 'Hill hill ilt'liitiii r- III lii-i 
hi|MMi>i3^ \\ Im III ( • I ill!-, iii'iiln li.i.i iMMi|iitiv in liiiM* 
Wilt liiiti, nint \\ illii 3 III I n t ,11 1 III I II 1 1 III till lull I III I a 
m I nil III . 1 Ilia j: |i I II i u if • •! In i ti, \\\\i* it lllllnltv 

tiiir III itti'- jMiUliil {• ■•iiii.lii li ill liii- jiiiillt. I illii 3 
fnltll Uliiii I ijt'f |>ii>li I'limi III I l|i: jiiiil III Im>1\- III llto 
tlKtliiil I «iiti| il |ii> III! I I a II • III iir^ III !in d|ititlti' iiy. (>i 
fl li^plllrtttU- |l |ili lliiiii ^ III i:\iti It III It- llliiiill Hit'_ Itilil III 
|ll»' lll|illli|« luiiillv illlilh- lltiiii. I 111 I till II-) III ili(ii-l 

till' i I ili't'Cj ill |i i ;• lt|i II III*! Iitir 1 1 } iiini |iillilii-c .ill 

)i)» ililitli III 1^ liV mII> I'iiiL* . I III I \'. Il il li ill 11 1 III 1 i\ > II 
(til liy liti III 'ill' I 'j I 'ill I -'MM' '' ' ' * I' '* III ill> I . iiitit, 

I'l m1i-i|i| \ 4 (III lllllllla III I ni-f I 11 il> •! . HI , li In pn ti ml i 

til llm ••llUltlitl ll(|:lllill> \ , ll- «■ ill rtlliM^ lll'lt flu il IIiM^ l-l 

uli. Ill !•• it III I 'm I III I iiiiilil III •! ■ I'll! , lip. II I 111 ti linli , Il 
d \ I I V t'li t III III |i I I nil 1 iii lit-. I' I • I • Il Iniii l< !| itit^illl , 

ill<ti 1:11, li> liilliill|i •! Imllt liii liij li> !]• ll 11 I III ill lllill'i ^ 
tml lliiitirli ll' iiiliilii <l III : |i|i>li • nil I I III ilii III 111, lii- 
>Q 1 1 ttit V4 III* * '*ll ii|'ll II I 'iii'l |>i 1 1 \ |-<-i 111 It > ^ III III ml 

1 1 II III) ll III 10 till nil I i \ , III- 1 II I ll 1! I \ .ll I II III -: I III (M it '• 

liiii) liy |i|i^iiliiii; 1 i\ ii> 'lilt li% lilt'. Ill II 1 I mii\ iiiit 

\i ll li ll iiii :r III III III i ill I 111 I ll 'III ^ i • nil |i I till III I III I III ill II It 
ill I mil i| III 1 1 111 I, HI I • -III ■ III |il III III ) I iii|iiii'. I I 1 1 

11. lilM I V I •■•■•>' It I ll M I III- I ll ll m III I I It 111 -: III • . I liilt I i» 

I I {'lit fit I In- I Hill nil im I ? 1 -i it ii iit • li 1 111 d I f ; ■iinl lii* 
ml III \l\ nil nil 'III I In In (ilil'l>il in 1 > iliiini llmll till- 

ll i%^ I it I'll 111 I I It t il i t< 1 t ll 1 1 «i |i ti ll In I 'I ■ ' ill I ii t III 1' I ti 
ill null III tin- |i|<ifi |li-iii.') • III I'liliiin ! 1 .■ i'iii> 1*1 mil III, 
ii mil III ^;>' t(^ UD III! iii\ M. iiml i>l III III I -: nil ■ ii mill ll 
^i>- iti I 

tl iq ill till jiiitt i I nt lliili Iniilin:'^^ \«|iii lililnin 
liiiili-la liiili ll ||||nii|>li. Ill ininli .11 lln •iiiinli\ m 

mil till ilit \ I 111. t 1 nil> ll I • n t M n In > t I ', 1 n ill. I j i iIi h i 

ill Ml I ill- I 111 I V I ■! ii|-> li I !■ ni ■!• Ill till II > 1! ll' Mill ni-iiilnin 
iii-ilj.- I III nil- lin:* i>l iiiii li> Ijiiln im tin •iiiniiniiin-i 

III :ii|iil III 1 I* ■ j •! 1 .1 1 I -11 > III 1. 1 1 r n tl ill f ■ ml:' In j 
i I |i| I II 11 1 It l\ I' 1 I 1 1ll I III II I III in !• I I I ' ■ ■ • ( !-'i I III I I J 
ill' iiliilli I '\ 1 lln: III III I I i 1 1 I • nil I iiii III ■) I !n 1 n ■ lli I • I -,- 
1 1 I n 1 1 ll- 1 I I i I > - 1 1 J I • I tin 1 1 1 1 t • I ■ 1 1 ■ I n 1 1 I n . 1 1 1 1 n 1 1 . 1 1 1 1 n n 
!• t ml til III II III I V III' I |"-!l 'in III ni till. Ini >i in iniui 1 
till I' t :tnil Hum V >> linn tin ' \' I'lilil 1 ml. ll \ .ill ll ) 1 Mvvl.l 

i I II \xX. 



ii« B*a .1 A y ii , Np.4tt. 

bt pfOCHrtdi lilu thftt of Chivx Chteti In t bloodjr 
btttit. 

If fpinpAfflon did net Intf rvffatf eni might bt much 
tnktrtaintd with ih tudUroai an obJ«et» iii ihftt uf 
cruturaif who pnittnd to rofoAf bfn«v(it«tictf chfilU 
Uoityi and odueatioflf rtndorittg thtlr •Klfttiieoi mutu* 
ally ealoAili by fl«reo quarrtlit ftcrtt buif vanomooi 
hatrtdp fxptnflvf aod voxatloui llclfatlonii oeeaflonad 
by ofasJaAi of a oaturt truly ttifUnt To thamfirlvoii fnd 
Wnkhi allowing th«m avtry pombla pralAii can bt 
callad fio moro than innoct »t dUirfloni. Art wo not 
ftill ehlldrtn with all our board and gravity about uip 
if wo alwayi plav till wo quarrol f Our conduAi in this 
r^rptAi i« almoft too abAird to admit of Arioui t xpoflu- 
lAtion. It may furnilh ftonoi for mirth at a puppot* 
AfWi or a farca at Bartholomiw Falri 

Howovtri I think it nirciiffiiry, bifori T condudt thli 
fubJaAi to didartf for th« falta of avoiding tha ma- 
lignant ffll/lntfrprautloni of golflpii and fcandal-dtalori 
Dv profiflion» that thrro art no alluflom in thli papor 
tfthar porfonal or local i and that I hava not bof n 

Elfadth(^ tpr a prlvilrgc? In whUh 1 Hm !ntr»ellcd» not 
r\w^, itK lined to huht. nor Mc to (hoou 

I will bru IcHvr to ndil cnr pfill^K" ^^^ ^^^^ riibjrH 
from iJlucknotir, for the ihlonnntioh of thorr umong 
inotidtifni who itrr too tntrtviott*) ol' their cKtliUtvc 
n;hti» nnd who ure Able to rr^d it. 

** Attolhcr violent fttinotion ol the K«it|;li(1t eotiflU 
*• union, eonfilled in the (lepo|MilrtliHn ol whole eoiiri* 
•* liiei hir the |uir|»ore«j ol the KiM«*p ioy«l «liveirioti i 
*' MtuI lnt<ie^tihu hoth thetii, nml hiI the atitient lotclU 
•• ol tlie kin^mim, to the uniTftluhHblo fcverity of 
** FoitltLHWii imported fmm the cotitinrnti whrrrhy 
*' the llnuuhter ol h hefld whu nindc nlmoil fi<i prnni ni 
*' (he deHtli or A mnti. In the SAxoti timeni though no 
** ntnh WRA ullowed to kill or chrtiin the KingS dc«r» 
** yet ho mi^rht llnrt nny p.Aoie, puifitc nnd kill Itp 
*' upon hlM ov^n elbite. J)>it the rigour ol thric nrw 
" i(iiil(ltutionii velletl the lole property of nil tho 

(iMUie in ICtipJrtiul ttt the Km^, nlonr | nnd no 

<iii wma nlUmed to dilliirh t\\\y lowl ol the nlrt or 

1 ny beail oi the lirld, i)i' luili kinds tti were Ipoilnlly 

J **IClCIVCll 



I % 



• I 



Nfli III. 



MORA L. ^c. 



^^7 



" rrri*ivr«l (*^r iH^ inyrtl miitili tnrnt nf ilir rnvrr'-i'Mi, 

" WltlHUIt TipulH iKflKT iMiltl till' Kin , li'. llir . i.iiit 

" ol ii < liiiii i>r lii'P WMitrii : Hiul tlioir li.iiii liifni u-rir 

" I'rnniril ;i* nun l» wnli « vmw in pirlnvr ilir h-.r.l 

" (if'Htiitii'iNt :i« !•• iMiiiil}','' ^'^^^ liiiijr^l I' Mini .1 (iniilni 

" print i|>l(* ti> whiili, tiiinipji ilir I'liirl) 1 i«\i tcr unw 

" mi!ii;rttnl. And liy tlrp.trcw j'lown rmiirU nhdli i.' ; 

" yrt honi ilii^ ninl Ua* Ipiiin); a liitOdiil iiip. I. 'uiwn Iv 

*' llir nntiif* of thr (t.iiiif* I.nw. nnwaniVMl ti*. .iml 

" w.ininnin^ in, it« liit'licll vi};iiiir . limli Iniiiiilril npnn 

" tlic liinic nnirttl(in;tl'Ir nfilnHH III |Hrni;innii pinpniy 

" in Mill! rrrntnir^; nn«l bnlh pMuln^lin* nl ihr (nnr 

" lyMinny tf> thr ciuninunc : Inn wiili tins iliilrirni r ; 

•• tnAi I fir Vx^rrW I.awi cn.'l>lilliril nnlv luir nii)'lirv 

" linnirr thronrhiMii tlir Uml. /^v ii,t»r /.tini Afir-^ 

•• tiit/fJ ti litllf h'lmiPii iH ri'rt'Y tH>in<^t'. Ami in oni* 

" irfpcjl the iintiml l;iw \Sk\% nnn h Iris uiiir.i(i>n.iiilr 

•• th.in thr nmilrm ; hn- ihr Kinp.N p,tjinirr nl ;ii|j.nr 

" or lirr w.irtrn intp.hi kill i;;in)f in rww pm nf jnq 

'* (r^ni httr ; l»ut nn^v. thnniMi ^i firrlinlilrt i I |r{', ih.m 

•' nnr hnntlinl ii Vffii io h>il>iii<lr n m Ull i p.-uinilpi- imi 

•• liM iiwn clLltr, yrl tH'l»n!> v\U (tml rvm llir jiinl dI 

•• ihr in.-tni'i. nnlrh hr h.iih 4jM..nii«l (ut UMiirn)<.ri 

•• ilti il wuhiiUt I'tinMiiliiii); ;i tirip.il., .ind lui*|'-i iinyr 

■* hiinlrif tn .in iu'lioii." 






No. t'XXII. ON Tin IMI'nr I ANCI- «)I «.() 
VI.RNINO TIM. II MI'I ». 



NOTVVl'I'ItSI'ANPINd ih" niMiiv rnn.pl.iinf'. i.f 
thr trtliUnitii*'' «d hnin ui lid*, ii ijnii.im. i!,..( 
ni<>rr ronllnnt iinralinrls and", tnmi ill irrnpn ih m fi.nn 
ill hill"nr. In V;iin h.ii I'lnvnlrm «• Ih llnwril r\ ri v ex 
|rrii.il jilrnin^*,, il %mc h.u. iml l>t"«n t.il.ni hv mirli hii 
M Inionth ihr ;ilprfilir«« III ilu- icinpM. A l»iil innpi i 
rnihittrn rvriy Iwrrl, niul mnvrH'. .1 p.»i.ulili' mio :i 
pl.i«.r III iinmrnt. 

'Ihr ut)\TiMnu*iil «>l thr irm| ri ih<ii, mi wliiili i|ii> 
)i;ippnicls ul ihc human i.ui In cu.tily il<*prit;l'-, ^ .vw 



■ rMu) 

■M*. ■*« tr." 
Ml (• l«* >u 

■V*. Mil ri< 



Bui a* it MM ItiUAil It) (ovttt of lh» anttctin 01 
■wtA (il<;*n««t nttthndt tiC il«t*fHnji iri>unK peW 

■My rfi4'((f(r»l>l4 Of *i(<UUt tvAituCt, ID p'><NI OUI 

l*t in whUh ii anp^aitKl (n all lit i)«formli 
inMhirti I hi»i>*« h»J Wfflp»r 

• III nhCerve iht 
i<«<i!l(in lit » 

I ihf cultar«ort 

tx' ' l^< mlffitlil* <flV<ii I 

It. ■ !. 'nlVt, A IfTIBiM In.li. 

|\. ...'.'(Utrrnllfl. wmr 

fi.. , .;lr»i.-n. Shf 

•ir" n hiTfytlii l<»1 

nil ' ! ifl •(l<«tl adl 

tD^i J ■ ■ '■■ "111 Hide' 

tiMiiii ilii' ji'Ufc HI--.. ■ ■ . ii>..TaftJ 

itv4«iit Hit tiM rw.. ' ti»|iro 

»|«l»((ly whith W* mcd xaUi.-. ihr v^'uM nrrrt 
tetvntiott ei«h«?r to lH>.'ly' w i-i imI iniUuaiiii. 
th« ll(re<>f lift'Vii cr liMiJrn. ov'-l lV.T\rli v 
namt l^egiWii-, w rraJ a !fi'i.-"ve «iilK>iii Iv 
HertWI-ronai vharm. nptr, l.o»ci(r, tv»c<lul 
tprnftixfltt; ihc heatlof a iK.ugtulcli h«if, x 
bW«(- limn KcrlHf, Ili-r vamiv, i.ini,-r (tun t 

«Itiiiiiitii?« i;>r i-ivmiVi'iiou!! luiton ni an CI1^I, 11 
h^rWfgia-liwht li!'l.ii.g in tt'c dciJ v.ilm ^'f i\ 
\Vh«n lo.* wij'«s> mo.r, nlli.-r |>a(!i.Mi' liTiihg 
■II th«lu\tirUtKy«<r r«<ik »>^l>, in a l.il itlir 
IJUrv ln■rl!ll«*^^en{'Un^^^^ in tlicvcttiallV^fbn 
lN»t Iruiiful pli*'"- "''it'* l""a" crrn kiii-l o 

3««lily in annmUnvr. iiH"!; tiv( tn litr lif 
ourirfipJ, like IV itftili- wr ili« iKiiilovk. on t' 
»!" thi? HMtnnnt rm*). 

H*rlun!Mn-l«s< Ihc M to r,a ii. l«ncf« 
Thouph iHe mauh «.ii pfvitli iii hrra.Ui^ni 
pijtrufldcd hfrrrir lltAt Ihc might hare ilonr bct< 
7 



No. MP* 



M () K A I.. .'Vc. 



t\« 



\)irtt \\^\ \\o\u\ \\\\\\\\\r wrt« l*v \\*y mrntti fiitripiAl<* to I Up 
|iM:n \\ hii I) liri luiMMV iMul tin lit ini);,ttt lifi\p inltly 
vUilUi'il. \\ iitt tlliq MMtVit'liiMi, (Mill \\itJiiMil ,tiM h |li|M 
IM (tltilnipQ wttlill iiii^llt li :i>l ill I In III l( iliinilriitiMit m 
1>IM>K:« lip' (iMHiil Dp illVdIlMll lit I im^i |i|;tl tii ItiM IliMII, 
A- lliiMtM liHMilnij} (I )*iii>il tuiliiiiil. vi'iiitp,. (tiitl ly.ir rtiMi^ 
iuill*iiuK ^^il•^ Im linn VIII-?, Ii-i>l iMlihiiil In i fmin \Uo 
iMi^iidliilUv ol A \itlii. /\j ti hii-.ill Miiii|iriiliiiii*M fiM ilip 
injiMV trn'ivtil« Uir iillnMinl iin rti*ii*liiii iluiiiininn i«« rr 
liint, \\\n lnitiiiir« nnil liii tdiitiivi lli'ilml) ii«<i ilillri 
in ii)«iiiiiM) linin )i< i i Im i*ii iln- ili))|iirlt ppiMiitiinit, In i 
^vr« it CM I liiP« ln*i • In'i Ivn ):l'i\^ i\ nil iii-li^'M'4iiiin« :inil III I 
|i>n)^in^ Mttin rwi V Inihl \\i>ii| w jm U |:i}t :inil iitijiiii 
\t\\\ iliiMttr, rill' I miiliMl i>| « \ • • v nn nl i > | niliiin il ti\> 

M llU:ltirl ; llinl nil (inp.i V \ Itnii l it imi l-: li' I'l lli'i il (ii<li| 

\\\\ ImmIiMII h' I In' l<ili In n. (mmii I In i »>ll,ii In tin' ^yn n t. 
bv infill -ml liv it;>\. I ■ I • pt in llw ;t\vllll rtini iMiiiiiiMM 

pTtlHl' P| II lull' 11 III' IM •'. 

'|'}|it |iiiii| litiltiiliil. uli>% with I vi n ;iiiii <l>li' itii|>iili 
liiiHt |tii|Ii'<ii •! ;|liM tin- \itliii III |- ilii III • . Im>|i- lltif'xil 
i\^ lini^ nfi limit til imiimi* i mmM Ii> ;u ii : l>iil :i i i r:tt<> rnl 
vntn «'•). nn-l In'i iu\\ i|ii i > ^ilt il. tii> Iimij' lii d i • Iim?! ;ii iln^ 
tfl wi n, Mini ill iln i ••in|*i(in!> |iiii • i<| | in' ^i :i|ii\ I m i 1 1 
'.Mi>t \i^Niti«Mi Ummi I nil Inni i|i tlii nnh litnii> (ililnni 
fmin llio lliii|'/J (linl ;>M«<^\i n( ni nuii i|m ntip tiiiiini. llio 
lilt lit Imill'. 

't'liiM liiMiiMi* niioi |ni!> I Mil* r \ f n (|ii<i ii-t ii{ |iri{,', ii 
tinii \\ liii ti rtti (in(\i V. lliniif- Il IimIiiMa ItMiit iimtln i . i miiI.I 
iiilli.'i^ nn InpliiM (II I ivi t :tl lirnmnv. finin llnM |tn> iti in 
liinli fi>i li-i)i|Miir-i9 in Mil I !• :i|** liiMi) liiMiii'. \\ III \o iiiitlii'i 
iM'tn I lull f flit* I nnl'l (iimI it |>li> i< I lii ilinu'tiiii -. tnnt 
linl Mir-iiilv. iinwrnilnli . iiml \\ n (• In iHv « i nniritli il in 
|.lkf* tTtii{!i' finiit (In I Ml)- nl ;i Ini iiitn inn|lii->i in i t*i- u iiit 
«i| fnnllM'it (linl linn iliilt<i-i. Tin liMMi.-m -iumv. 'ind 
In't riiiir V lyji nnt Mitil ^'• i • (• ln'il ili Imii< In i -. . nil. m im t ii 
\ii'<l|*:iii « mil i'l I In in I in* if ■ :i^ m li>lilii i in i ii* I' '^(t I iiil<<i 
irM It •'. rtml I In' n* In i nut iiii i n-l iii in nv. it • i(l- in • 

l'l|i innI In t . iidti |1i-iI-Iimi i i. \\ iiitm-il \, n .-, mm,} 
w 111)111! I iii>ni liii<ii . |i. I' ut III II ■ i li. I |>i !■!. I ill! |i illi,iii 
•i'lllil V i', I *t iln i| in ni 'I I ill •III 1 1 ilininini'ii i'^ ■ i :iii i il u. ^ 
;t |it:tu1i>ni In Mill'. ;iMil i li il'-- ■•{ 1- i \ ml i, xa imii- iL |>- ii,| 
A\\{ Ulll«lV:iMI lli;nlo tinut Im .ti In i i in i willi lillN ninl 



rCo K 8 9 A 7 1^ Ifo. 

tncet But flie enjoyed her reign hot a (bore time i 
as her mind w«i incapftblo or refUnff on itfelf'for 

Sort* (he fought rdiel I'rom the bottk of rordUIi 
eated one day with a large draught, and a violent pa 
with one of the maids, Inc burtt a blood vefTcl, and 

Iired in* a fcoldiog fit» her tongue ftill quivering > 
er heart had ceafcd it« puliation. 

I beUere the orij^inali of fuch a piAure at tbbi 
aiuch left eommon in the prefenr age» than they ^ 
in the laft century. Ladies were then fecluded from 
world till marriagev^ and at the]^ were very Aiperfici 
educated in every thing but potting and preferving. 
no wonder if they became termagant! or viraeoi. 7 
had np right ideaa of themrelvei or the world aroi 
and yielded, without oopofition* to thofe violent e 
dons, which arife» perhaptr in t}ftry mind when i 
totally uncultivated. 

Culture of the underftanding !•• indeed* one of the 
nethodi of fubduing the heart to fofcneft, and redeeo 
h from that favage ftate in which it too often comei t\ 
the hands of nature. The more our reafon ii ftrenj 
cned, the better (he ii enabled to keep her feat on 
throne, and to {govern thofc pafltoDs which were appo 
ed to be her fubjcfl* ; but which too often rrbrl, 
fucceed in iheir unnatural revolt. Hut, be/iJestheel 
of mental cuhuie, In calling forth and increafing 
powers of the reafoninj; faculty, it Icems to poflcn 
influence in humnni'/ii)|; the ftelin^v, and meliorai 
the native dirpofition. Mufic, painting, and po«i 
teach the minu to fele^ the aereeable parts of ihofe 
jedi which furround u.**, and by habiiuatin^pt \p ^ [ 
and permanent delight, gradually fuprrinduce an \u 
tual i;ood humour. It i% of infinite importance to h 
pineU toaccuflom the mind, from infancy, to turn fi 
deformed and painful fcenei, and to contemplate w) 
ever can l>e found of moral and natural beauty. 1 
fpirits, under this brnign manaj^'ment, contrail a mi 
inefh, and le«irn to flow all checiily in their fmooth i 
yielding channels; while, on the contrary, if the yoi 
mind i« traded, fietted, and ne>;loctrJ, the pa/r-igei 
the fpirits become ru^»K<d, abrupt, exnfprrated, and 
whole nervous fyilcm fccius to acquire an cxccflive i 

tabil 



^0. Ml. MORAL, $tc. ir>i 

tiihility. l*he ill trt*:itinrnt of cliiMicii li.ii not only 
inailr tlirm wrrtchcii ut ilu* time, hut wnii lu-d for lifr; 
irarln^ liir tine coiiti-xtun* ol ilkiii iu'ivcn, riiul roiit',lM ri- 
in;r, hy cvjinpli*, ai.it hv (uiiic (rdii .in I iiiii'inal iiiilu- 
I'lK'f, itif vc-iy coiilliditioii ot ttu-ii ti'iiipcri. 

So iiiiioh ot' thf* h:i)'piMi'i:i of inivMti* lit'f, ;iiul lUi? 
viitiii-s of inoihtrh ioid ilaii)>hti*r.i, in {laitiml.ir, iir|un K 
on the ^ovrninieiit of tlic* tcinpcr, that the iciiipiT oiim)il 
to l>e u priiKi))al cbjr^l of ir^aul in a wi-IUcoiuUulrd 
education. The luflriin^ of'iliiMnMi (o tyianiti/r, widi- 
out contrnul, over ii'ivaiiis and inferiors, i-, 1 uiu con- 
vinced, the ruin of luiiiiy an uniiahlr ililiuniiion. 'I'hc 
virtuei of huntunity, heni'voIciKr, huiniliiy, rannot Uc 
too early enforced ; at the fame lime care ihouM he taken 
ihnt tin infant of two or three years old Ihoiild never he 
beaten or fj)olcen to harlhiy for any oflence which it cm 
poflilily commit. In Ihort. lit every nuihod he uled 
which realun, religion, prudence, and e\)ierience tan 
Aiggef^, to auomplilh the purpofe of (wectening the 
temper, and banilhiitfr the fujies from foiieiy. May the 
endeavours be fuccel&ful ; and may we only read, that 
there have, indeetl, I cen fuch aniinuN as Oirews and vi- 
ragoft, but that the breed iii extinct in I'.n^land, like the 
bleed of wolve.s ! 

1 have been much plenfed with the lovely pi^tnie of 
Serena, in Mr. Ilayley'ii iiiilru^livf imem, thr 'I'liuinplu 
of'lVniper; and I cannot l-oikIikIc, withoui carnrllly 
entieatin^r the ladies to view ii as a h>okinL> }'Iiil' . by 
which they may learn to (lie/?, iheir niindti in a in.tnncr 
which can never be out of falhion ; but which will eiuihle 
them to^cure, as well at e.ienil, tlirir coiMpiriK ; and 
to charm, even when the lilir^ aUil luleii are all wiilierol. 
If the poem Ihould rflV^t iis vciy l.iu.lalili* puiptdi-, \\ut 
Virtues, the Mufc'., and the I iiai c'r>, lIouM iiitiu- ic luini 
a wreath for the poi-l\n tnuvv, .ind hail liiin a^ ili- re- 
llurer cd n fMiMcn ixyy. Whir cvciy niolher, wifr, .iiid 
daii^Mher, ulpiri^ .it tlie vijtnc--. i,t a Sririi.i, let Alr«.Mo, 
Mi*i;.iia, and '1 ilipluuie, hi* tuiiiiiKil in i li:iiii.-i to llit* 
iiili'inal M-|>ion», ami Itu hiiMt n ever mcie to aiilc aiul 
ttii'umc the llia|'e of a Ijiiuiii lady I 



t;o,c\\vv\. 



No. CXXIII. OM TriE MORAL EFFECTS 
A GOOD THACSDV. 



IT ii with njrtet I obr«i'vc, ihir a tifta for iht ntA 
p»ri of tlirairicd nmurrnK-Dtn, ihc Mprefenlnii« 
ir^l^rdv, ii tnlhvr on iht drctiiie. It ftron):iy cnnrlii 
fitvuliiy »l' an ^.^f. when the buOcm i> CKclnJcil fai 
fbrk, and lU« pul>ltc nctrntinn tuo much erc^iKcil 
^aiiceri, fingcra, hiiJ har]r(|iiint, to sdaiit ilie Ini 
}ci livnly pleaiuTCs of the Triigic h^iifc 

'I'htre ieemt to me to be nn mnhoU morr tf^eStat 
iaftiaiafi the frrocity, uid impr<>vln|> ili* miTidi, of 
lower r.]iiffe» o( a $'tn cap it>l, ihan (hr fFeijuent c 
bition of irnKical picceii tn which the dillreli u cw 
fo the hi^hett extreme, and ch« maril nt unce ftif* 
dam. kffetiing, and inflrudive. Thenultiiudciof I 
wbo cannot rtad, or, if ihcy cmiM, ha*« neither i 
nof a!-ili.iM fir I'.'.ivlnr^ m.ich adi-r.nli.t'r from rr»d 



and care, wiih iliufe imjinnant trLiihi. which, while 
ilhiniinHte the undirrlhnJing, c< rrcil and molliry 
heart. Benovolenct, juftice, lier^iirm, ond the wifdo 
tnodrrating the pailione, are plainly pointed out, 
forcibly recommended to thole lavage {nm of unc 
rated nature, who have few opponuniiiei, and w 
have no inclination tur inllruAion, if it did nut pr( 
iifelf under the form of a dtlightl'ul auiufrmffli. 
human heart in general, whether it beats in the bofo 
him who hai been improved by education, or of the 
leftrd child of poverty, U tan|>lii to exercifc lome t 
mod amiable propenhtet by tile in(tul;;eni.e i>f ccmi 
ration in fcenet of fancied hop. Were the 'I'hcaitc u 
certain re[;ulaliunt, a man mi|;hl pu to it aj Ire go 
church, to learn bis duty, andi( might jullly be- bono 
with the appellation, which ii haa often alfumed, an 
called the bchool of Virtue. 

There are certainly a ihoufiinJ tragedies of more 
fical mcritj but few better calculated tu iave the numi 



No. Ml. MORA I., ^k\ r^M 

And impnttant ()flf)r« of ihr ploltoinn ixdrr fiom wnllnw 
fn^» in \ iiT, ihpf't, iniriiipoiaHtc* niitl whU IpMinrfs pi 
rvri V Kinil, thnn thr irnrnlv «•! < tr't»rj*p Hnrnwrll. i'nin 
liiiMt Mild illilrMtc iniiidi (.iiniitt fnilow (lir hipji HipJiH 
nl riildinic )MHir\, tun nndrtd.ind thr liriiuiir^ id Idnnk 
vrrft* ; lull tin' 1mm)iii:i)v* <^i l.illif in (lii^ Ititinltti* Inir, m 
Irvrl tn ilii* lowcil dr^Mrr iif iiUi'Dn'). I( iiiiill, iitdrrd, 
^i\v (dr:iii)ir tncxriy fiiiMid <d iiiuifiiiinin^, inn it. tn find 
iho dm* iiihiiir id nppitiiifc pnid in t\w iniHlril l.illit hy 
nnr pl ilti* lull of ;il) ninilrin jitdj^ri* \\\r Ciiiir nihl Phi 
lofoplirr nf ofilillMiiy. Hi», wluHi* l.illr wm foniH'd nn 
the piiiiMl UHuirlfi, iind riMiriMrd ltv tin* (liitMt |1 iiilrt. tiiin 
IHH hrliMtcd in pl.ur tin* I''aIhI Vininiiiv in tin- vim-v (hH 
tfliik (d driniiitir I iinipn|itioti<i. Ami (iriMpr Hnrnwrll, 
hnwTVi'i it in.iv lu- nfir^liMllv ilrfpidMl |iv fh^' fillv \ni;i 
iic!« tif fiiflntin, who nlMiminflir t\ (n low, dflcrvo no lil* 
lo br clUfnird lot- ili niornl rxrrllrnif, tlinn tlir ntlirr 
for it<« it.'iilicfil. It li(«, prrlidp^, (hvod n<> miiny honi nn 
igiumiinioup rnd, flu the Mof^p^nrji Oprrn Im^ hiHlmrd i(» 
it. 'I'hfit Any mornlil), or ni^n id ohin vaiion, imm nt- 
tpttnin A dnnlit MMirrrnin^ thr rflrtM on thr npprr fwdlrry 
ol' A pl.'iy in whiih ihiiMrt nnil hiiiloi<< :ur trpiofnurd n^i 
nniirildr nnd innoirnt i h iini'li'm, nnd nil thr rrll of iii. 
tirtv (\n ri p,nri« tvintr", in iIiIh iitlliii'f* nn i^nor^inir 
rl lnim;<n nrunir. '\'\w ivptrirnlntion of the llr|:|tnr'< 
Opcr.i i.^ not only nn ontin)}i' on nvilivrd (ouotv, Imm 
Nn rxtinnc* n«'l oi nifliv to thpfp utrti hi**! Iioan nml 
iiN. who hnvr hrow alluird lo ilw p.iilmol d* IIiu'Himi, 
ly vtrwini; ihrni thus iliiMMd uiijt sntiliunl IUmm t -i 
Trtkr fiw.'ivthr ditiMn^c, tli'* I'lrMiir, ;mm1 thr lull Inii* 
IrnlilMtiTlrfl fif timid viir, ;(itr| \i>(i innnn- .1 icjliaini, ilir 
loriT oT wlndi* opriMiion nriilui pM'«ipt«* nm hiwii'io 
ever I'lipplu. Snppofp n Muintn l.id. wnh nil lii*; n:ui\i* 

tliOilrllv :il)(*lM him, mIIiMmI |i* do I'lifitlr 1>V llu \\v\r 
{{.11!) ( >ptt ,1. In n fi'w liMiim lie iimli tMi*<«(i n ]">i Im') im- 
1.1110*1 1'hi'ii-^. Mr thiuKq himl> If illi>ininni< i|, :iiol dc 
Ipilr-i tip' r<li| hoiu ll lull '< i\\ ItMiMi', \\\\n \\:\\v hith''M<i 
roiO'iud hiin, ;m he itippi^lr^ in 1 hilJilli i}>ni^i.'Mi« •*. II1.1 
|)i*ivi*i|rd .miltilion inKr?; mm nniniinnntr MUM ; nnd if hr 
fliiivr.H niU nt lln* Iioiumm ni lUinj* lil ■ n Khohi.'iih, Im^ 
will ill IiMll iMidi'n\oiii- In itijiivf it. 'iiith. I nm Wf 11 
iKuredi is olicn a uuc lali-; ImiI r\ru vl\c \\\\W\^VA»^ 



f, 



1^4 K S S A Y S, No. tJt\. 

iic'Aiurc** wtui am (At gone* in itic* |vi(h« uhith tr^tl 
iliiiiiiLOt vlllfitiy Id ruin ihciy br lallr i liiu K tiy *t>(^ fn**- 
lfiliilli«ly ulr III |tiifit (friti^*r Itrtinivc*!). 'I tinr mr 
Itialiy ii(}tr<r 'ridUfiltrN ill ihi^ t'.lijjllllt lnUyita^r wliU'h 
cmtvry mlmtltittlr tttnidU lit itir iitwrl c Ullre, dtut litivn 
1111110111111*111 v It-ftiinl niftny a Wlrhtl, will) Wna ilral In a 
|Mlr|il*q Vniin rtO^l ^ orraihrf'Q tiilnUilt)(icMt« lluht (lie 

tldininlitn III iu\ rvil l|Mi'i(. 

Uuij imlrril^ llirtr la no t\fiin III ttir |irci|ilc*, Iwiwrvri 
trhiicil tinil |M»lt(hri|, tvliuli omy tmi ircnvo (iii It ttrtirdia 
lioin rt WrI) WliUrti Tiii^'r.ly, dd h rtii rjy nii v ntlu I ntci'lc 
ii( lliltlULltnlt t fin itfliiltl. ttr whn lua rtilrir.l lulit n\\ 
flic* frc*ling7 ri( a lt\\aUrl\\(*aiet nu i MwAy, n Uiiur« ail 
Aililidinj ntitv tir faitl ill loiVF nliintiUfril wiiii llini (outs, 
unit hull lit il n laiifd (|i:ilU« will! It laimni (till In kindlt 
liinirftitn^ III hitnlrll ic Irtntiiinit itir rltinotl Utr til (till 
|frnliiti, lIiQ hMluir Will he ini|iiiivri|« Hhtl n Ijirtiri «i| 
^•idlnin an>l rlrvftltnn ul Ijitlil^ which W«tt in Vdin hmghl 

liii in rtLfiiliMnic ^'tovca, ntay ai laft hr tniltttictt in fhi 
'rhrniira. IMtildfinthy noty (<tuh m wmniiK ci| ihr lirni 

fti«. who h ia i(«))rtli)r rt| ftilvnnctnp It In notiln hrifihr; 
tliati Ihr \^-fiiilil ntlir I \^ i(r li{i\ r ,illuiiiri|. fkf»i t ii(r >, ^^ Iti'd 
|ir iir\ iilrtu r jimI \«. itiintii ei}'|ir.ii nl In Uavr fimit'i tiii.f i- 
clivihilv* Waa \Ut t'CiliiiitJn i^llilluiii nl 1' lit i|i> !• : in ihi 
inUl)Mifitoin ii| hia Ir^^'rilir - ■ ^ml iiiuliitit.ir !iv w..: i 
Ci|i|iili>li4 ihtti lir fdii^'lit iitiil<i|M|i\ hi tiilliiiit til* tirji 
Ctl in4iil-iiiil III ihr iMiilt rMri'lti.il iiiiiniiri, \' hr ii hr iti 
linitdi ri! Iiri In f)if|i imltir ni ihr luiflini 

Itinilit'livr^ riiirt iaiiiiii^', <iiiMiinI liij', (IImI rtini t!iii:* 
Hi f> fhr f|iiMl I'i til>' lia;.'l< liiil(<'« IQ it tml wiiiilitlii 
I hut lii;iti V t nil flitrh( !(-> r (111 m V. "i vir •. il " ii im |<t ntlm 
I II ma nil ihr llft^*r u iiti prt |c 'I in It n iitniit • ;' 'i . i . tir \\)\t 
lltM i'V!) ihr fr.if e m I !.• I tir j(i r \\' iir 1 1 niiii .i ■,• •■ .ni'! f -. 'h:iii 
f :il r lltrn |il;ii r, \y\\\ |ii|ii iiiaii y ^ I'^Miit r ■! .h.-I j i^^ •!• ;i-i 
lll'lll r nl lutlh If ■;' ". %\ )il« il .i I j ( ^1 ^ III \ If .'■ ,1 I f 41 4 
.Mini c , II 1 I ifiilrl. uml :« 1 l:ii |ri|iiiti, ivii h I Ic III \c li< .i\ 
r, • , lini ihf %<••': niir rilnilliiti. t ^iriil |t |ir i | 1 .i '-litri 
Vthil- li.iiiiir I- Ml<-(1 I f '■■ ( I liiDv ii: li;iriMi^; li>f l.nir 
ffUi.iilii "'. I'.ua^ \t|.|rv<| it hia ui'l If-n i!ii|>il {• 

(ill' '' I •! Iiill . !•-.- .1 iK.llil.ll ■■! Ill ..■•|lll|fl| !' II ji-i!. I '■ I 

1 1 ( 1 1 1 - . I 1 1 • ! I • • I , I I I I I t I I 4 I I I ■ I til' I I > 1 1 t f I II ■ I I t I ' r I .III I I 

U hti h I li.ii 4'l< 1 1/1 - lin •>,'■« III l.Mi^*li i.il ^Mililii I >•! I I ji !. 



Nil. ui. M O U A r., .^if, i6^« 

wh'h iilliri4 itifi fiiitiiia^ itiiil til l>r Ic'lidiM wlirii ulliria 
tduifti. ** Who, null rd.'* tiiya lliii liiir liiril Udy, 
** UiUlM l»- liiiii irlv rtiiritnl hy itity lliiii}* (diil oi tluliO 
** liy ti»(^ lt>«v ilfctlDirii oil liir* H-it'C /'* 

S«)itir 1^)11 1 iliii ■:, nil ihriilliri tnunl^ lutn nil ihr clttu't 
111 ihi* iMi'i r liy (tllriiillii^* tn itir iilrniiirtl lui'ii fiml mo- 
iiic-n whit nf\, irtlhri ihAii In ihr ihindiMru w hii h ihry 
lr|ili'iriit. Thr")' rlllu iiiliinn' M i • ni Mi-\. Iiiih itii nlir'N 
iixtij ptiwn, i<i|i, (hiK'j \t y, iit haiiil, tnit tiii^»r| ihr hriii 
dlitl ihr hi li<llii-« (hr |iiii-l dlnl ihr jiKflll. 

*rhr iAi\c tor liiliiulr. uhiih ^'irttlly |iirvatla in it 
lUI'iih, li'lhth, ilrliaih hrtl, ainl Inlliiii' iii'i . c onliiltlllra Ul 
pr0V>fni iht* ^'riiuihr rfliVt ut 'rtii^uilv. diiMt Iftti^hna 
HFi* IrliloiU liili'rjMililr ul ilrfp m (iiinin iiii|iirlhtiita. 
Wtiiii) (hr ilr*ail Itr Itctdriiil uit {hr ll >ui-, tniil iviiy 
ihin^ iii prrlfHtml tit ihr \ir\v \\ hu h imi^'Iii ki rMiii^ 
pity mill irilitr, ihr jukri iliih|talit ihi- 1\m ii hiiiuw 
lit iMhjuililV hy ihr liitriiiliiilidii ul a tiiilniiun ith.t. 
Ulttiiiilit iinh'rii, ii-rin-i in tuioiui- a wi .i|ii>ii ni ihr- 
h^Uih nt ihi^ Wit iti'tl, tlclti iiiMiVi t't Ltlli , lrilni|;, liin 
rAliiy. iiMit irli}j[ioii. 

*rhc? (iiUliiuiu ill a lililiiiiMii rjihi^Mirt It f.iiir, pttiiln 
mimr' riiU'lldtlllllrUl, ctlnl i>l il.tii.c-i In iiM I It liic iti'l-, 
lirta ntlrli Iw't-ii Uiuriiltil 111 ih llniMiVt i>l ihr i ih I'li nl 
l)l0 liltrll tlaunly. It in (llir, lh:(l (hit u ho li\ r in |.li'ali , 
lUUll |tlrftU- lit iinh'l lit livr i iiltil ihrii l>iti- thr |il:iyii) 
i\\i\ \\}t\f JU(ill(il.*ri9 illt' linl iiil|i.tlih. I in \ iitiilt iml 
fitly Pio viihMitrtti I y ftiiiiitriitnn.i li-i nti u. Inn i inlililti 
tlivriliniia in\ t hiMiril fiinl It IhmiI luni 'I'ln !•- « iilri • 
I4inilif)it» lldv^i illiltfriii nllrii ilml iiifrnnilv innt tlinilri y 
ill ihein. YiWliU tlUy, iil a )Uii|iri iralnii, n l.i^ ih.- muU 
ligiil |ihi|t>h)|ihv- \ iriilinr nni thi llunu;-) ihriiilrlvrfi, 
tmt the liinr fl'ihrii iiiliiMliu'hiii). Ali> i tin- dtnl hui 
Wru ilri'jily iih)iirllril Willi hiiuin awA \iiu111u3 it uu 
inriiih, It I?) Iiiuly liiiiiriitutilr, ihdi twiv iii:uK ihutihl 
l)n rtlMiril 1>V hill lri|illiti cnnl luilliinin . li iinilt Itr ir 
UlOllllit'lrJ, lliul I (till Ipritlvni^ (ililv iil lh>' Inul.tl itli-i'li 
kI ihii itraltkt. «ll)il 1 hrlir\r 1 \ ri v oiir will :i)>iir.. ihiil 
Illicit: IVitiiM l>t^ inn|(* lilt trial nil y |iiiiilii( r J^ il ihr-iiHrt, 
l(liinilfll(« H& it ia i*rtllri| liy i\fiv nl iiiuim lur. |iirii'i|ril 
tli0 '1 U}<rily, 'I'htt IjirVlitltii vmoiM ilu it niitr (n hi» 

Ifiiluw willi hia fAiuy lull ul liud |inclic nuit^'cii. .ni>l hn 



i.Ti ESSAYS, No. 124. 

Jjrart n'''*^*"?^ ^^**^ every rlrv,ncil iJraormori! rrrti. 
Ciidr. Iiiit now, hti fcrting.s atr fo t'iflrJ v\!th ami t;in- 
tali/rJ, tfi:it at lall he gro\v« callous to the triulrrcil 
p.ntlio'-, nnci attends tlir thr.ittc mcirly as n critic in 
Piling, inlJrad of an iiitcrcllcti partAkcr in the fccncs 
which pal's in rrvirw. 

In times when manly minds are necefTiry lo faie a 
finking empire, and retard the decline of a dr;»^ne. 
rating jieople, every mode of improving tlir hc.»ns of 
the coinmnnity at large, in the IcrioiM and fieverrr vir- 
ttic, ought to be applied with avidity. The Thratre 
opens n linr fchool for the .ircomplidiment tif thi«> en»l ; 
and it would certainly contribute gH»r!y t(» nivrlrraie 
thn grneral iinpro\enient. if ihrrr wrir lil-! linginf, 
d.iniir;^, ar.d on Moon cry, and nmrr TiajM-iiy. JJut 
inmc p.r''.»f tn.in, hy whiih epithrt I mr.m, in this 
phur, ;i titlrii .'iiul f;i(1iion:d)lo in;in, mull let the cx- 
;iinple (»f .Tdinirinj: if, or clip all the nuifcs thrmfcHve) 
tnl;:ht rack their invi'ntion!! in ionip(*ting the mrlan- 
(holytah*, with nci piiiri- (-nVt^l than that cif difluling 
llri'p or ImlKs thron;Oi«iri l*n, liox, and (Jallciv. 

If i' ii'inM'i: ildr ch.Ji . l!!'-" (hi. I' ft v. ». ;> ■I'iiOii'd, 

I I .n ril\ !i r- jici funr l.ill.i- 'i M''. I ii.r i" i i ti t I iin 

thr ni'ttt ()| pifiliii in'» t hi i Ii.'l" f ; ha I « .ii:r.. j hi In 

lr*r]in^> .1 l,-.;i i.-.i Immi in il, .1. il . itit..Mi!\ 1 i>i iiunc 

10 iintKMi.il ri-fiM ni.iti'in. 



Nf». ('XXIV. f)\ Mil. TM I.T'I.-,( r nl IM)II- 

r II '., A'. A MTnt r i>\ <nN vi.ir-A 1 ION*, 
c;N' rriK s'j A"i 1. ni- i.i 1 1 K -x 1 i :' i . 



Tf r i'l .» mnrk o| t'l" (m 1 H ;mii! p"h'i« Ipir t' of • -li i^- 
|i tl.-n. ill. a ill' K" I 1 no '\ .1 ir.< ml ft i-l i: ■, ).-« .,1 n 
1,-1 I"- 111: v. ;i \« r \ « '-ni..!. i.il''.-' pi'H on <if h;-. t.-t • ..»;d 
n.i ii"hi'' in lln<I'. n.;' 11 pi-I"ii »l i^if.irr , it Jir.-id, 
;■ . i ir |iMii-.tM. riw n'li ihi ;''t:»-i..I 1 \r |im pi^jjir^ 
li :ti \\\r hi;-l..''l In llj- In «. ell ml' f of l!\' y •;■!'', U.W 

iiii'iM^lid InijrHs for i(iniic lidiiule, yet if;ii)M')r help 

coi.lidciinj* 



Ko. 124, MORAL, Ac. iCy 

cunfiilciliig it luith an n pniofuf iiiuniiinion litier.ilit ', 

iiiul at uuc u! iIk* iiiiiW'll iii|i|i(iili at' <iv\\ liiiriiy. U 

Uiiiil!i"< Mid Kci-jt.'i alivr an aiilcni luvi* ol liccilotn. It 

hii'i liiilw-itn jiii'lcTvil th.it I'Joiioub ^ilt (tf 1 Jiiil lioiiL 

the niilt- Ii.iikI at' tyranny, liiui iciul.t, pciliapi, inoir 

than any olhrr caulc, tu conuniinliatL* the noble* iiic ol' 

true putriutilm to liw hnlont*! of poilrrity. VVJiiJc we 

waci'h vigilantly over every political niearun*, and cctui- 

muiiicaie an alarm thi'oii^;h the enipiu', with a fpccil 

almoll equal to the (hock ol elediitity, theie will la* no 

ilun|r('r left a Kini; IhouM elial)tilli (li*rj>oiiln), cvvn 

thou^'h he wen* to invade the ri^hib ol' his people at the 

head of hi.s Handing army. 

Due as '/.cal without knowledirc 'm fuhverfive of the 

purpoie which it nKan^ to nromoic ; it Ijeco.nrs a inu; 

friend to hi:> country, to endeavour to unite wiih the love 

of liberty the luvc of kn()wlt'd[^e. It unfoituhiirly 

liapucnii, that poIili< al liibjct'tii arc of fo warm and aiii< 

mating a n.iiuie, that tluy not only appear to iniiTflL 

in a very hi;*h debtee, hut 10 cngiul-i the* aitcniion. 'V\\t* 

liewfpapfrs form the whole libi.iry of the j>oliiician, the 

coft'ce-houfe ib hib fchot)!, aiul lu? pu'l.'i.i ihr ( i.t'/.('(ir, 

and an acrinxjuiouii pam])h!et, Un or .iL',.tin(l tiw nii- 

iiillry, to all that was fvci wiittcn by allunicr, or ilif- 

covered by a Newion. 

To be a conipetrnt judge ciihcr of piditical meafiiici 
or events, it ii ni.-( r-U'ary to pollii.-i au c nlicjueni'd uu- 
di-riiunding, and tiic lib'.T.iM'pirii 0/ phil(il(i|diy ; ii ii 
nece/lary to hat/e lead liiiloiy, and to h.ivf foiiii'J 
right iileab of the nature of man and of civil (ociriy. 
Rut J know not how ii ha|)pen.'>, the moll ignorani aiid 
paflionate are apt to l<(? the moll d>-. iiivf in •.Idivering 
their fentimcntb on tlie \Liy complicaied iul'j(\'t» nib 
political controveify. A mail, vUioic nlucati' n nevrr 
rxtenilf-il beyond wjitlni', ami tlu* iuur uile.^, will ilc- 
tcrinine at once, and with the molt authojitaiivc air, 
fuch (jucltionb ah would perphx the v^i(i'(l liaielm;Hi 
ailurncd with all human Icaiiiiii;'^ ami aihiied by the 
expeiience and advice of ihi* moll cultivated peilom iti 
the nation, liven gcntlejncn, aciording to the com- 

Imoii acce[Jtaiion of that title, or thole who have 
furtuncb, and hiive received the couunou iniiruction 



of tUs iiDiu, »n Miom Mr m jvige tvitli pn 
in pnlilic*! thuiigb they arc iiruaUf inclined tO< 
will) pilllHn. Ii ii polTililc ihai. fiom hnviiiv 
onlv lliF ArA ekmeno a( Uiin arnJ I'lericb, aniTli 



of Jantinj;, fnicinff. and fiJiiliflt;. in pcrfefUon, 
IboulJ be (|iiiiliricj. I do not Iny lo He u a 5« 
but <o cxpuiinir, with CuIHitrnl judgmrni and { 
gence, an xht prciprieiy Mi)d nsiuie of any publk 
■/IJuii, ot r>fli:m of govtrntaeat i Bin lie i> wo 
eflati: of k (hnuroiil a year, anil ihrrrforr, tlioB 
h!i iiilicr merit, in kind Ami ^'{rce, mty be lih 
of a ninller vf ihc cerefflonift. ot llmt of a fkilful | 
and uhipuiri-in, he ihinki he hnt n right to g]i 
to the neighbourhood ii; p<liiii.-4l cotivcrritinn, 
idea) are ccnAn'.d tn nurfov h < iit ; nnd at hit j 
tilm I- fiir iliK nic'lt part fpite. In In) fupporc of 
nidry I), tn lame iel(<rAi, feir.UnrirU. li muR | 
far a itinn. wliolV mi>id it not RnUreed and culd 
camini rr.i-rtnin (a liber.il a I'yAein of Dpinioni u 
«f reai pultiiilirm. 

But even, among prrfomwhofe minili are fuffie 
improved to diAinguifli and niirfae the K^ot) ot 
nnJ ft" focirty, ir.Jrp nJrntly rllhcf pf r^flflliin 
prii-aie a.Jmniagp, the r.nj'.c t'dr pi.liliii oturn prt 
ivu far, and abfurlit till ixlirr ubjedti. In vain 
the hand of art prrf'nt ihr piCliirc nr iepcit the m 
of mufie i for ihe rye ii blind, ihe fiir ii deaf 
but the newi and the ncwTpaper. t'oetry, phjlt 
clegnni and piiliie Iciien, in all their nmifica 
dilplay (heir nlluring charmi in vain lo him, ' 
hrad and hejn Hill vibrate with the hnrlh nnt 
eordnni fuundi of a political difpule ni ihn tl 
Thofc liooks, whofe tendency ft only lo promote 
[[ant pleafuin or advance Iclenrc, tvhich Halt 
party, and graitly nu malignant paiTK.n, ore fn 
to fall into (iblivi>ini while a painphlet, which e(J 
the caufa of uny political men ir menfurei. btv 
inconltderable in literary mnit. ii ciiolkd at o 
the Jirll prodiiftioni, of mndern liirrature. But ni 
It the food lurnilhed to the mind of man by the < 
mniion of a pnriy bigoi. Frnm a t.iHc for iralh, i 
difKlith of the wholefome food of the mind, and 



No. 1x4. MORA I., Ac. ifi| 

the* c'onfc*()iirnt iifglr/i iil' (uliil Icainin}', fiirrf pnliti- 
ciaiiA tti'0 iirrvriicrtj from rcirwiug vjluahli' iiit|Miivi** 
iiieni { aiiJ ihc^ coinniunicy. lo^'Mlin wiiti liiriiiiiirc-^ 
i) ac IaK ili*r|»ly tiijurcii. Vitv w)i«mi Iciiiiiin^* !■ liiila 

f<>rp0(' It'll, ic will HhtUiillly ilriliiif; Utiil itui itiA 

m^iicul ilMrkiitfU i'tmfc*(jiiriii on jii ilinliiic, |r.iil-i m iha 
HUlilifhineiil of cirl'iionltii, rvriy chic* win) h»ia (iiivry<*i| 
ctir pii'lufrtt of iiuiikirKJ, its |>oiiiirayt'J l»y ilii* pciitil of 
killory, will iiiimriiiitirjy in-knitwlcit^i/. Wlut iliil 
Aiheiif ami Riune rctuiii o( liirir iiuiirni iliyuiiy wtim 
thifir Ifnrhiiig; aiiU rlic*ir iiii6 wi«rc* tto iiHirc^ Tliiii ihM 
li^lic (if Icfaniiii}.* (hitulil rvci'tt{>aiti tn* rMtiiijttiiMinl, iiu/ 
•fiprur a vi(ion.ir)' iilea 10 ah KM;.»lilliiiiitii ; iiui lu ii 
diii CO a Kiiiiiun, lit the iluva ui Ciirio. NutwiiliflHUcl- 
ing tlir* muliiplii adtiii nf )i(iiik.i Uy tlir uil (if |iiiii(iii|*, 
both ilicy, and all value fur thc*iii, iii:iv Vtiitilli, lojfr 
liter with ihfl jiowfi' nf utii|riiliiiMl[ti|> tliciiii il iltr (my 
lit piiliiiro HiouM OLiitlinii u KiiKnitpt tor Irtifis iiiul for 
■(jural ioii, and IhiuiM i'onvi*rt ihc Iradru til a ]>{'i)]i|r« 
iulu t«itih« aiiii V^itJaU. 

Jlr wlio wouM »iil<l uii rIfj'.iiMV 10 iinliili.i, mul 
ililtii){;uifli Ilii (iiiivi'rf.iiinH nii lUr (\ili|r^r fiuiii ih« 
Vucifri alien ui |iiiilf*ra in iiti itlfliiiiilt*, lliiiiilil jiifjir^l 
ilir liiiilhril jiirtc-. oi uiitii^iiiiy, .mil Iimiii in virw jmli 
ill. a^U iiiid (ouhffh ia ihr li}*,tii in xslinli iJiry .i|i 
j>r.irrd in ihofr whtilll ihr umld lijt lim^', i luifnifirtl 
u tonif iif llir Itrfl Hiid pnlilrll Ir.ii hru ul |iu|iiii;il wi( 
Jiiin. if lir Liuflrflifa 11(11 Ufli' ('iiiiU}tti Inli'litli tlir>vn|li« 
<>( iMiriiL'ul iiiiii^iiiiilioii, li'l liiiii (iiiiliiir liinidll hi 

/uril UUlliDM iU 'J'luKydidr'.i and \rii(.|diiMl , I'ulvtijllft 

liid Pluiarih, Livy aud Salliilt. I'dliin.-: will .idkiuir 
litVf giai-r by rt)niiiutiiiialiii^; wiih liiltmy .md jduNi 
fuphy i and |Nititiral itnivi iLitimi. iwlli.id nf u v.tuur. 
)wfnunutc, and drditinatdiy rftulMiii id imdi^'rlird iiirii.t. 
will liridiiir u iiHilt libriat 1" ( K i('- <j( llii f.ti iiltir^, niul 
lorin it IllfUCal baiiiiUfl, al v.I.k li llir Im II itnd wilrlf 
Dl lUiUll. il|:| mi|.Oll il)dul|M^ till II liiirl ti)i|irli(r» Willi 

ixlaiiabli* avidiiy. Wliui can ((HilliKiir .1 niinr lauimaf 
objtfdt (if oiiilfiiijdatiiin ihau ilf mhIiI'' f.diin nl loiirty, 
- lii'ili/krd by art&, Icftlcia, niid k Ii^mcii r Wlial lait b(*l 
1 tiTtfiiildoy our iM^aiity, than Uj dcvilc iiuidra fur lU iiii- 
Ifrtivtfiiinii and prcitftvutiun t 

Vol.. 11. i ^U.v 






I'll 



K S 



A Y S, 



N 



N(U only th^ inul.'illciiulinir, i)ui liuK*. thc^ trm 
piitpli', hill tlx' i|ni( .tllis util ttr imimUs iin|>i 

liitllllli^' pttltUva nt itic iUt'i-Lji diul KiUlidlia. Nil 

t<c-lin^ tvt'i yd irml l.uy \\i(iiiiitL liMiuiiii* t 
llaxi'iyi (lUil (i) i>)it\\ with d lnvi; iinti I'lnuittiiiiii ii 

Viitili'. VUt' (lire k. ;ili.l Uiiiuail Ipilit taiUuit lu' It 

ot 4 iriu^ ^'u^lniiinuii, iiitil Jniiit ui ntanitcttii i( 
|i'i ii ill* ifritriuliririi, ihcK tltf Aitu iiiaita, in ih 

glmitlila prrithia, \SVir. Hh lliUiil alldiiuil III piill 
Iir\\!i riii lilUiMls itVi'i Wtirj lull llliU lllC> |i|i 
aitiulli llie vv.uau'lt iniiirlt, a idiiuil t.tlir auA 

|«:tllliM\ liU (lir |li)|lli-|t U'dilllllL>, (llui lilt? |IMI; 

)iiiiiuUi|>h\ . 



Ni>. C'XW. C*N UIM rtUINIRV IN I'O 

.'.A 1 ION. 



ii> iiv ili'lt' Hill x\if>li<tii. iifl ((I titiliili'r*, III 

lit I I M t .1 I III II, (I IjK'i 1> -: li( I > lll|iii| II \ (nil ) 1 1<*. 

null! 1)1- iMll I .!.■• i>llll\ 111 \y-, \\\\xt Wiililil {Milli 

rli'.ii- ly iHi'ili III |> I iiii:- i>i,i ]. iliiii- liiuii , \-, li 
1 I iililliMtl Willi 111 lit M I III I , -ml ( Ii. ii.t I III I I >[ 
f iiiiiii III I \ III ll . If.' iiii!i> «l I V t : I liiii I II II 1 1 1, r, I if 
t.iiii > , iiii iiii >i \ . .1 III 1 1 1 il' • 1 1< 11 V !i.'. I III I II I' 

li h I t I tl> -U I l\ .1 • I li<! .• I . : \ I I I III . L' lilt II ( ! I It I l\ 

t'l 1 1 Ii I III \ -I ^' I > , -III' I III r I I I ^ I 1 1 1 ii - I >( mill 
\\ i i k\ . ■ I iiil> I I li :IK > I •! I ■• II lit r ;• I .\ 1 1 ■ 1 .i 1 

iL'iM, I'i i'< iiii.lij.lii ! fiiiliiiii i<l till I. I 

«\ I I • ! I 1 1 . 1 1 1 i I ! \ . . I I i I I I I I : ' I 1 1 I : . 1 1 1 11 1 1 -. < I ■ , 1 1 ■ I 11 
I i > I ; 1 1 I 1 1 : 1 I •' I I • ' 1 1 1 1 • : I , III 1 . 1 : 1 1 1 i I ill, I II II 1 1 1 

|. I liU> *) ( III I '• > . Ml. II I . \\ :. . I- I I li t I I t 1 llilli' 

I 'ii' ml Ii II .-1 \l III • ■- I ' 111! .1 I I .. Ill II I I I (ill I !li I I 1 

\\ I 1 1 i I i 1 1 I . 1 1 - 1 < .' I • I I ■ 1 1 I f 1 1 ! 1 1 1 1 1 . . I ! I I . • ! > :■ 1 1 r 
«iiii II «l -. . I It'll I III .11 :. 1 I . ill 1 1 1. II III : . M li^ i( 
1 1 : 1 I i II 1 1 ■ I ■ 1 1 \\ 1 1 1 1 1 1 I ! ■ 1 1 . • i 1 1 1 1 ■ ! I \ \ \ ! I • I I n I • 1 1 

1 1. 1 C •• IM I ll» ;■ • III Ii '■ 'II I \\ 1 1. I II I < 1 .Ii 'i • !| 

jl jiiK I I .I..II I III *li,-. > li- 't ^ li . I >■ . J! .|( . .11 1 1 



>. Il; 



M () K A I., Arc. 



i;i 



•\ (lif'v wfir npi.'illv inptilili* nl inHiiil^nnini', a IriMit- 

ti> MMivcif.itioii ill nil lt>« )M;lvi(y tliul rlri', itiir. I'lie 

viMfntinttq III botriilf!** prrlci vril Uy liis rliM|iiniL 

rjilrq, liKMtliP i\ wililniti H(iiitii;irliiii){ In ilivinr ; 

I I'itrin'A lnMik, i/f iJtttft'tr, m (uir nl llic nolrlrll 
luiinptiM tit )iftli(li(Hl iirliiihiiy, a^ arc many nl liiv 
liifnpliicii) |tirr("i (i| Ijirt iiliiiivr widloiii. 

lilt tlirrc )iirv>i)i>i, (It |iM-lrnl« n ulh* Inr Imw aiiJ 
ly niirili, wliiili tnt.illy [iinlmlc) hI) lii'lu^iy of 
tininiu ill! TH' It ilf nl ir;i((iit iiiiil iiivcniioM, sttwl ;i!. 

II (Ir^lililri 114 \n iIm' Ii-vI hI (Ii<i(i> \\u\u intiii ililii|i;il':« 
Mill iiiittiif li.li rniilriid Id wtiriiJcHiilly rv)M-rt m 

nil (i| iniiiiiikry. Mnny prilmii, wlm itici^itii- tli' in • 
tr^ ifiitnikitlily rinlMwi'il with Iiuiimmii, hiiiI tin* 
vrr nf tirli^il)lini> uli:il>'Vi'? intnpiiny tin y (|ri}Mi. 

M'-fq Willi tliiMi prrfrtitr, nir* ;i|i| In y^wr llirir 

l|{IIP1 ;i llllllll' 1(1 W:it>ili-| WtlillMll lIlC IfilH III jl|l|f»4 

lit, IM {iIIim'I niti M!iiini)ti rt|iirfli()iiq, nttiiihlr^, frii* 
i»'q, iilld liloiU'q III iiildir («( iiiifl lu'linviniii ; :iii(l lt» 
>|'Jli'*, lli.it Mildily IS liiiiiinni, ru f'MliK My ^\\^ 
viiiiglil hniilciilc |iiMili|iiiMilly linill, .hmI iiiil'iii*|g 
liiti'lv ritlritililiili}'. If llir (Oiii|i;iiiv mm- ;n Innlilli n^ 

I'ni* iii|f«| wit ; in, imlii'I, ij iluv '"»• viiv|mi|iip 
I piiiiil iM|iii«'i|. ihrv li'l'lnin irhifl- ilir i ;i(y iiiIiimi! 
;i l;iii/',li. (IiIkm iT:tt nt nll'i)'"!; niiil tit' |i>1:»m, niii. 
f« il hv In ' I.Hiiii*'! riMiiiMii|r»«ni'iii , ptiM ••» ijq Ml hm • h - 
ii|',:inl (:ill|r«. III! Iili lidiinird lnHv :i|>pi >* M In q V'ly 
riv l(« K'mI lilinlidn. Iti llir- im .m linn-, :n he ill n-q 

nllrtllinit id till' (<Mn|i.inV nn lliiufi II. :nid » n}'|nl|i « 
till' lllllP pud |;dli, In- ll'tl Midv liic • t I. null It, lull 
vi-filfi ntltMq liniii lilmt* ; t'li-«qtli' tnni i.f lii.iiwti 
id, niul (d :dl niMllliil, in m I) hi hI nnlo i dn v. .md jH 
r j'lrvriilt; llii' n|i|ioi|i|iiii-.- .md ilf |.ii » i m| ii|!-iiii|f 
imiIp id<M v.'nilli t> iiPiiiln IP' ''. N'oii unl l.in'litit 
iiitt iii'M^ni' Innd Itii till- iihimI : :ni'| Imfci i i | li i|. ,\ 
nil' ti|;)y n)i|<'.'H, tin ',' (iiiiMMcnj/ I'lnr liinit fin 
ipnii V in v. Im' li t li-'(i' li.M'i* i'ti nn d i Im utiU t nn i i imi 
It, with .111 11 nl.it I III • I Mild inn .liy v i- im >. . w id) dii 

;md illl,i|:i»i .dd" li-ll- ''linn, 
r \ I't ■,' nfii-n li;ip|'f-ii*J, lli.-it I li' !•■ f .« ' I nm . )■■ mil nnii 

llttnii tin'l'' r'.|Mdllinu- nntli'«.|. ii| | iiiin;; 

f/vtP'tf'v I'fii fiittitn^ lliMM .mv lliin{', wUn'.i a* »\\\\\» s 



8 S S A T t, ^n 

"nrf met t roMB, and fit inwm ■ 
*iih their wirj>t on on* A4t, or ariih ibe bafl 
of it ov«T (heir fbrehorf. 1'hff uka ^m ddi 
the pnflkal jolcei tni if ibty cm jitk jrour- 
Afymtf handlMrchkf, fatiti ^mir bc«, draw ^H 
friitn oodw yoo, en laikr you ■ (ia«l. at iWy ' 
Ibev conliJrr rimRfelm >t mhrr Ynnclu, aM . 
Imn of infiatte frwrnoor, endourfd with pecvtiar 
for ffiitfi; ttv lahtc o«i « rMr. It mchi, init 
fiM whh imh, ikitikrr litrrjlf^ mtkr fooli of 
Mrtt, •!«) <pfeif »ml.iTiom nl fa[>|tlyiB|r iImi 
which wst otice rcrv eontBion, but ii n«w ciriicr i 
Onl of Mhiofl, »r introduced in ilttifmlii i 1 m 
Arilcr afjitnfHlFi) and hirrtift{ 6mlt, for ihc aM* 
»r ihc nobility. Ti hii in<i«cd bicn jiMoUrir lifc 
IpaflT trf the nnhilit^ in the ptclenl age, esaa 
eiSce in th»rf owa p«Tfo«M to fi»e t^vrntt. 

No'i'.lhMijrh thm wcrr nothiafjniaiinal iri tnil 
rjr. muii ttfrtb, when too Ion* tontrnvW. W« 
ihr facalrio of the mni, lo emiitic M umuam 
filing ftriott*, anil in divetf cotiretrjtioa t>f if* pa 
■(Tflf'Ufif imfirivrmrni i( - '1! i' f)'.'iii.f', it ii ce 

10 )■,- .10:' I l^:,. Ir .-, !-,'.,. .. .r.. -: 1, 

I hj relhiined only ; Tor I 6o not kimw anjr juA 
wbjr AD7 nmhod uf Tiifi(.c«ni)y amolin^ ih« 
darin* a Otort iniem)! of ina^on, Arnnld he i 
fbrbiooen. Man ii an aRimal thai delij^hit in n 
ninb and tiHtnickrf, jell and jr>lli()', fw>j ca^ 
«W •wittf** tvf/iri uify /aughtr, htlMag Itii hii 
m ccriainix tio lefi allowable tt the mcani of 
Mtot), than cardt, backgammon, billiard), ai 
betllr. He U wife who rcijuirei modmiion in «1 
indulgencci ; bat he who tnvrifjht a|;«in<l tny of 
in ihe grofi, and wiihoot cxccpiifiti, ha* taken i 
•IKnilia of hnman nature, and ii not to be ctml 
« I moralift, but m a itecbimer. If mj oni 
will admit of oniverfal application, it it that wbi 
n€b a) m obrerve the f;f>Mcn mean. 

I could never admire the wifdnni of certut 
efefied IcgiiUiori of gr^ccfiil beh:iviour, who k 
Afbid a*tof>uj;h, with much j-r^^itr (Irianrfi tha 
irosJd kt*t prahibiied ibc viuUiiun of the dcca) 



No. 12$. M O R A L» Xrc* 171 

To he rrmailcaltlr for l:iuf;)iin;;, in nnt nnfy iitif^racrfiilp 
hut n (ii^n of tolly. Hut (mkI has diUinj;uil1ird niiin hy 
the nnwrr of ridhility, niul thrrr is no rra/oii why he 
fliould nut rxcrcii'c it (in proper mxiirioni ; and, perhaps, 
ihrrc would he no occifioii innrr proper, than whrii 
B dirdplinrd fop Ihrwn by his hrhavioiir, that hr prr- 
Icm the Viunilh of external ^rucc to honour and to 
hniirlly. 

Wir, it hiB been faid, doei not naturally rxrite 
laughter. Rut this ohfrrvation, though true in purtt 
ii not univerfally true; for wit, united with humour, 
poflefli^s fuch a command (»f the rifihle mufclri, that hr 
mull be a Ikoir, or a verv ill-naturrd man, wlio ii ahlo 
to rrfiik the impulfr. I ihould, iiidrcd, hiivc no fa- 
voumble opinion of that m.in'fi heart or difpofition. 
who could be prefrni at 11 truly c(»mi(: fcrnr wiihoul 
laying afiije hia fcvi-rity, and thnking liiii fides wiih as 
jnuch glee ai the ingenuous child ot nature. And if 
it it ■ wealcnefs nnt tu be able to refrain from laughter 
•la ludicrous objct&t, it is n wrnLnefs of all others the 
nod pardonable ; and it is fu rely better to be weak than 
jnalignant. Hut, in truth, the weakniTs conftlls only 
in laughing] immudcraieiyp or frc4|ucnily without an 
•Jc(]uate oiijcdh 

In every convivial meeting of elegant and poliflied 
company, the Mufcs and the* (f races (honld he of the 
party. The firll honours and attention Ihould be paid 
to tlirm ; but let not Comus au'l jocus be fnrbiiKlcii 
to follow in their train, and under their iuiiiuinnd. 
The entertainment will be thus heightened and varied, 
and good fen lb and dcconim derive new lull re from 
good-humour. We would, indeed, lelhain that ex- 
ceAive und rude mirth which originates in levity aiul 
Mly, and bcrotneH what is called ImHoonery ; but t;ir 
be it from us to bnuini that fpiightlinefs whic h naturally 
wfults from the gaiety of innoernre. Joy, wfiile wc 
are bicnrd with health and cafe, and what thr lldii-., 
call KttRoiA, or thr well flowiujr of the llrenni o( life, 
ii gratitude and obedience. 



/ J lAo.^WW- 



No.CXXV'I. ON TRB STVLB OF XEKOrHU! 
AND PLATO. 



WAITERS, ".ho hnvc JifptiyvJ tny of iki 
uniform prcvlutitjr in iheir tyh whicb naSm 
it eafily imiublr. kowei-er p<vpDlu tbcj' may bccov 
U ikeir firR appearsnce br gratifying the plfl!<m ft 
aoTclty, ait by ko m*»M tbe maA' pofeA wrimi : b« 
ttre to be cliflci) with thofe ortiKi oT the {•»«!, wfapi 
ihe p^timcn dillinguilh b^ tbe appclUiioa of MinacTila 
Simpliaiy of ilidiion, ii it is oav of the malt cnj;igui| 
beattiln, is alb oec of iko moll diAcnli to imitan 
h extiituti no ptoiniDcvcy of rcantre. bat ilifplaytoa 
«bolC| |>mpe'ly cnbcllitbrd with a thoubml UttI 
graciu. 1)0 one of wkkh obimdn itfetf in (tA a maa 
Iter a* to ilrftrov ttie amwarsDce of a perfeft fyiunon 
In tMt fprcic- of tr^wVn.r Xwofhi^ i» wnfrfIWi' 

a moJrl. tic ■,-... V.-.-n c:.'].'.! i"":- Air;,- Mi:l;- Zn:i th 

Attic Bee. It hu been faid, that the Mufei wtMli 
esprefi tbemlelvH in hi) languag;, that hii Ayk i 
fwecter than honey, that the Gracex themlelrcs appMi 
to h^Yt alStled in its formation ; bnt thon^ all lU 
praife is jn.^ly due, yet it would be difficult to pan 
out any one beauiy which recurs fo often in the faM 
form, as lo charaflerife hii compofiiioq. 

But the numerous writers who hare imitated A< 
Kambler. or the Ad'rcnturer, are difcotered in A« 
afiefiation, before the reader has pemfed a £ogle pafc 
. The very peculiar manner of tfaofe excellent perfwat 
ances has been cafily imitated by inferior writers, aw 
morceafily caricatured. Addifon is fimple and natvtU 
and, confcqaently, has not often been mimicked wW 
eqoal fuccefs. Indeed, the nearer we apbroacK » 
the manner of Addifon, the more agreealtle ia oa 
flyle; but, I-J>elieve, none ever admired the ftyla « 
the Rambler, but in the hands of its original aatlmt 
The faiirical writer of Lcxiphanes eafily rendered i 
ridicutow 



No. 1 2ft. M O K A I , ftr. f;: 



/ > 



riiiiciilnur. : nnd (hf)ii;>}i, in foiiw cT Ail in'-i prdCiic 
jiU'cr.t, thrrr is a \riy Ininus ;tiui immiI iimt.iiioii (if 'i, 
yrt wr :iir r.ithrr 'lifpi-li-il to hnilf- il):iii .idiniir, Ai- 
ir^ttticii iilw.'ivs linrdiri on l)iirlr-|(|(ii* ; liut a iiiiitiiirip 
wliich ('Crixr.s its }M-,-\ir« in)tii niituir, i.-mnoi be rcn- 
tlcirii iiJivulous. Tlic llylc (>f Xriuipin ii, liUr thr 
|tliiln(op)KT %vlif>tii lie rcTiitd.'', is pionf ajsiinii tlir 
i'jMMtivr niiil ni:ilij*M:ui( huflnonrry of :ii) Ai iit(i|«h.ii)f's. 

Ii is him ever i''*tt.iin, that rvrry liriiniv (jiiinit Ur 
cninbinrd under our loiin. If ihi' l^ylr nl Xrnnphnti 
cliijdavB grace, rale, ;iiid (wcrtnc In ; it ir> dclKinii in 
)na^nificrtic«', in weight, in niithoriiy, :ind in di|',nity« 
Hut it fhould he innnnhcrrd, that thr \'rnu'. of Mnih i 
is nnt to be ccnfuird, bciMufe it want;, (lie nnvcs ;ind 
mufcle'v of the I'\-iriir(ian lirrcuh**!. It ;iji[UMir, n) \uv, 
however, that thnit|;h fonie of liie iimi} {MijMil.ir uiitrii 
jof England yield to Xcnophon in the (nftrr };t.ii'">, 
they great] V excel him in mafctdine beauty. 'I he 
■utnori of the Riitnbler, of ihr Adventurer, iind (onie nt' 
their imitntors* will be found to pnfirfK a (uperioiity in 
thi« rcfpe^t, on a fair conipinilun. Indrrd, if there wrtr 
more fingularitien and deviation-, from fini|diuly than air 
to be found in thofe volume*., their excellrnl Irnfe and 
fitic morality ou^'ht to exalt their aiillior.'. lo a de^Mee ul 
hnnour, far fuperior to any which can be deiived fiom n 
ikill in cffmpoiilion. 

Aceordiuft to tin* opinion*: of thr brll jndp,r'., :in • 
tirnt nmi modern, ilir p.iratrll mailer of thr bf.nitwi 
of flyle wlio n thr world vvrr iaw, wan the divlnr 
Plato. 'Ihr aniicnr. In iuatnl not to .iflrrt, in ilit* yr.il 
of their Hdmiratinn, (h;U if |ii|iitri urir in f|ir.ilc 
in the Inngn;ij^r of 'iirctc, lir v\nuld inl.dhbly rv- 
prrfn hiinh'lf in (In* diiMicMi of I'l.itn. |!r |Mi{|r(l(-(I 
thr art of (ombininir frvcrity uitli );i.i(r, .ind iw-rt - 
iirfH will) t'landrni ; :ind to him wr nvsc .1 (inulir 
rnnihin.ition, in (Iw j'rr.ii oi.iioi atnl |iiii!(i(iiplir i- nf 
Kdint*, who fotinrd hi'< llylr on tli'- in'idrl i<l ri.iin , 
jniil li.i': }',ivrn u*. a irft-ntMuK r f(.ihrlv Jcl.iv.M'i ili.iii 
iliat of thr bull to it-> moulil. 01 of (In- \\.i\"ii d .d i^.tliT 
iiulplnrrd p.em. 

'Ihr in trotl III' lions t«» tin* di.iln'Mu". of ( 'icrro .n<' 
alway: pectdiarly brauiilul ; io .iliu in- iIkMc ul JM.ii<i. 



176 ESSAYS, No. 126. 

It is agrf fable to call to mind the fweet fpot which 
V\mo rrprrtents .i^ tI.c iccicrs-uhi-re lUc iliulogurs pad'cd, 
in l.ingiiat*r vn lci'> iirlif,htful than the kcncitlr!!. 

'1 lie ri\c'r ill lilts glide J uvcr the |icbbic:s in a clear 
f;r:iii, hut In ihaliou- th;it you ini^;ht have talked 
thn u!:h it uii.'iouc :inv "reat incumrnience. Ac a 
lin.'ii diltancc rvic a t:'!! plane tree, frreaiiing ic» bread 
In iittc to a Ci'nlldcr.ibie diilance, and fluuriihing in ail 
tnc iimtuic luxuriance ol' funimer beauty. Ac the rivi 
ct the trer ilVued a lprir<g, dedicated 10 Acheloui ^nd 
the N>inph>, and reniaikable for its Cuul and limpid 
wncer. 'J he fotteil herbage grew round its little banks. 
the vrrd It re ol which wi.i rendered perpetual by the 
fcfrclhing mcillurc vt the fpiiiig. as it flowed down a 
grndr dr;.liuty. A iWert and cooling breeze general Iif 
brcathc-d ailing the lhadc» aini great numbers of Cicadx, 
i»kir^ il:eticr frcm the lun, refurtcd to the coverts, 
ard maUe an a}:reeable kind ot' natural mufic wiiii iheir 
li: tie notes which feldom ceaM. Plato adds («Tcral other 
agreeable heigh cenings of the fceoe, in which moral 
and philosophical beauty was to emulate the beauties of 
Baturc. The language of Plato adds charms to the 
whole, a' variet;.-iirii colours illuminate and embellish 
the plain ikrtdics ot' the ch.ilk or peiicill:*d outlir.e. 

It is ISO woiivier ;r..it phiIoii>phy, rccni mended bv fucS 
l^raccs as ii;c:e, u.ts km. J. lo rc:.Jcr her votaries e::- 
amourrc!. \'irti:e and public Ipiric can tcarcciy ewr 
van: ihfir a«.!nirrrs ::r..l fvil lowers, when :hev are deco- 
r.itrd in a r.i ni'.iT uhich li t> uri" thii- cjwn Io\e!i;ieri 
to the v.re-tiil ai!\anr;.pr. 1: is to be i.inicrted, t'cr ir.C 
iakr i t virtue, ;Kat I.v'ui .S!'..it:crr)L:r\ v. as a iceiuic. liis 
Hvlc ua* a iine iriic^t.rn vt I'i:::<.', and diu)!ri\» 
fuch bcahitipo, £% i!i:^,K; iir.Ci'al :he 1:1* :.':r!> ot a (ic- 
lormed Ivlliiu. Nir. }ia::i^ l.r. ^ uiiu e.\::u>::cc t(.e 
P.-aunic j;ras:t. in lii.»h pertiit.; r, ; ;::^i I ian::r: Kc'p 
I'L i.;;dr;ii:i; i: as a i::.i:f. ul drlV:ii\e i.:::i* tha: i.e :» !;,'[ 
in\.r-.» popular. His ::wo r.p;HMr> to hr rr.e cl' t'l.c n\oi\ 
c.c|.:r.!, clalTicil, au.i jwiii^:«'i.lly ( .':;a::iei::.:d anii-r^ 
a'.l liie 1 Ti^liiS writt-r? rr the jri:r:.t c;'i;:iiry. 'i f.c^ 
Vihn r..vi.t railed their :.. lit* Jn a in rtr«.(ivc- hi^ bcanir'. 
Vfcill cot;(.der t!ir :t'. le ot in.:i;\ ui.:'-i', v. hnni thcv urui* 
Aumiicdy as i.oi:ip..(;.t;'. d;* LaiL^uu.. ll\: uho r.e\er 



No. ttfu MORA L, Ike. 177 

tailed the pinr-ipple, ihe pcicli, and the nedlarir.r^ 
may probublv runpofe that he nijoyi the moll rxqiiiTite 
llftvour of tnc fruit giirden whilr h^ ii fBattinf uii m 
pippin I AH he, who never partook of the j>ippiii, may 
devour a crab, and admire ir as n drlicacy. 

A critic of antiquity, Diony/iui the Halii'Mrnaflian, 
has difcovrred many and f^reai faults in the ilyle of 
Plato. He feems to think thr epithets too poetical, the 
metaphors tcxi bold, the matter too allegorical. I'om- 
pey the Cireat difputed the point with him ; and there 
II A curious letter extant on tlir fubjrM, from the 
critic to the (latefman. It ii, indeed, obvinuii to le- 
mtirk, that, though I'lato would not ail m it Efomer 
into his republic, he hait admitted many of his beamiet 
into hit llyle ; and has often written with an enthu- 
fiaftic warmth, which thtry, who have not pari.iken of 
the afRatui to which he fomewhrre pretended, cannot 
entirely approve. A cold critic, like J3ionyflus, would 
naturally oe difgufled with it; but we ciitiuot liileit to 
his cenfures of u noble |M*nius, who fnntched graces be- 
yond the reach of art ; whom Pompey approved, and 
whom Tully alnioll idoli/rd. When l}iecimen'i of perfect 
compofjtion were to be t)oinied out, the clioire hai 
fallen on the Oeorgica of Viipjl, aiid the Mviicxenus of 
Plato. 

Roth Xenophon and IMato difplay, what i» more va<- 
luable than all verbal elegance, a linr fyllrni ut iniir.ili(yy 
which long (hone forth in the world ai a li^rht rmnjuaU 
led, till theSuu of rrvelatioii aroir. If XmnplionS me- 
moirs weredlveilrd of a few rupeillwitie-. :ind a fewnhfur- 
ditirs, I fhould not fear to ait'rrr, th.ii they approach 
very nearly to the Ctiirpel, in thr exiiihiiion oi inftrutitive 
leflbuR, and a lublimc, yet enconrajnnjr rxainple, of all 
human eycellencr ; for, with rriprii to tlu* < .iluntiMi*!i 
advanced a}^'ii^fl Sorrat'-H, they inidoubteilly orif^i- 
nated from tlv faihiT nf lif?.. Ami ilmff wrii'Tn aie to 
be efleenied the ciiciiiir-i to human virtue and happincfs, 
who employ tlicir iii)'/-nuity in deiiadlin^'^ from illultrioui 
ftud eiiabliihcd rr]iiii.aiuu. 



} 5 -t^Q. CV.Vw\VV^ 



17$ 



B S S A Y ;ii. 



No. 157. 



m 



No. CXXVIl. o\ vnr. .\PY\vr\r.vs i^i- 

KIYAPIV KROM NAllOVAl APVVRSIVV. 



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Vo, 127. Mora r, ac. 179 

nnrj r"iirn|iir«ni dnlirir. rrflmji-. mir own toiintry h.ii 
aiicailv nrrivril nt tli;it tirinr r, fiii'l ii imw, iiiidrr tlin 
Ci}iOrati(Hi of Divinr rnn-Klnii r, iiinrntif^ {Ur iiinptit^i- 
tioii iti it^ nioriiid r\urri-cri(-r<i lur tlir f«ilv»tioii (if its 
licalrii Htid rxidriKT. It iii;iy loiv loiiir of iii rr-vriiur<i; 
hut it Will i'Avc and tiir]int;)ir itn inoMiN nnd !("• Iil>rity. 
Minillcrii mny Ur IhiUru fmrn ilicit frMl*:, prtifionrii 
nnd plAcrnirn u\ny lu* rrdut rd Ut dr(|itiii, fundi uiiiy 
he Hiiiiiliilnird, and rllaln hittu^'Jit if\n\wi\ to tlwtr 
tiatural value; but rrcrduni, Inti vittiir, hnt iiuhiMi/» 
hut tlic ffriliOi (-ondilniion. hut luinLin n:itnir, ilidl 
furvivc thr wicik, and nuriyr, Iil.'" (ilvrt iimi j'.olJ 
whrti trird hy llir fiic, with nrw valiu* i\]u\ ail<litiuti.'il 
liiOrc. After a lliitr vi' |.n}iiii-.il advniity, inindhin}* 
m^y tnkr plmr in tlir fiKirty, finiil.ir li» \\\c r<p'\lril 
rrnoviUioii ut'all tliiny,^, aftii thr )','Mirral Minil.i;-,i'itii)it 
«if il»r nnivcrfr. 

DiHrrffl nnd diflicilty :irr knnwn li» f»pri;itr in piiv;ilc 
lifr, as llic fpur'i (d i!iii,",('iiu'. rowm, wikIi wouM 
fnr cvrr have laifi dnrinMiit m \\\r liahynn days nl r.i(c 
and plrniy. havr hrcn i all'd ioi ili hy ,idv( idty, and li.ivn 
advanced flicir pnfli ((in id t!ir nidii riivi.ildr )ici^»)it . nf 
viituc, happinri", :ind i;i<irv. Man i". naturally indo 
I'nt, aiiil, wlirii nndiOni lii'd, will h.tfli and (iTp iti tlir" 
(iindnnr* till tlw (Ircp riri|r:itli; hnl. wlicn Mni(rd hv 
llic Idall and (lie tlmndn, lir lid"., (iMnm rvrry (uwu-, 
and marrlirA nn to cntri pn/.c. .Su<'(''('i will aininll m- 
fallihly aiK'nd jural rvritnnit, nniloimly and Kluluirly 
onitinurd; in thu wlial hrjMin in ini(riy rnd» \i\ 
trinnijdi, a.i tlv' (in) wlm li u>(r in a mill dr{(.i't)'i'i 
with (rrcnity, and paint') tlir wliolr li(ni'/.'Mi with };nIiL 
and purple. 

I'nidii: indnlliv may hr r'<itrd in tlir i\uur niannri, 
atid in tl»" (.unr de|^;trr, hv puldir nn f'Miiinr'j. 'I'lir 
liaiinn It imp tvnilhrd, ui in ullirr wonj:. \\n (npnilni- 
tirrj air irlr'ni licil. It \'i an rvrni 'I'voutly t«» he 
wiOird. IfUinry, with t'Mi lli(Mi(and rvili in lici ti.nii. 
i.'4 fddic/'d Id witli'li.iw, .md llic liinnldr' vii tnr':, wIidiu 
flic had iliivcn, hy lin inlnlriHc, min rvdc, «lirri(iiily 
Hi|van(c Itnm thru I oin rMlnirni. Indiilliy ami (iiip.riliiy 
laLe llir I m I ; Imil to \vli;it a dcuin* ul vicuni mull 
rvi »7 niuiv-lc (/f llu: hody poliiii he Uriu.cd. \N\\m»'^^ v'^ 

1 (j \svv \\n\^^ ^ 



llo ESSAYS. Nu. 

mtiiiW i», in tiiui invLiriirr, B^uattil by tDtluHr 
fruMliiy. No man evirr in vtdid liiiii<<rlf i« ll 
moR of hU ni«n|;Th i nor m it un rcrord. ihii in) 
«rai rwf yri Iw tNliHulltd, but lltii. whlk it cii 
lib«ny, il tnijjhi tliaw nvw nfiiurco from iit awn ' 
'1 liuu/h lh« tret it lopiKi), ytt, <b long ai iht ro 
tntlni niiliiiri, it will uirow out a (ticiiicr luKuriki 
tirnncliri, piuducv fruit uf tmitfr Harour, im<l • 
frelh vignui from the anf. 11 one hit MtitJctttall 
lurbtil an nni hill, at limlivn ih« Itltiv of ih« 
IIioueIi tlir liiili aniiiiali iippcnretl tMfurp la ha' 
tripj llirir uiDiuft rHiirti, yet it it ornitaiiift, with 
fttliiilimitl ilihutncc thvy oyyiy tlurmlirlvvt lo r»pt 
drprrtlniido. NiHaniunieni in allnwttl Inrdrlpom 
The anrtb aiiU die air gtvw with aioiion, *n 
mitforiunp koRit immcJIwidy to aild ru iheir ( 
and ultimnirlv boili to ihcir dart ami I'ccurity. 

Tito beauiifnl (Ipfrriniion which Virgil hai 
01 of lh» hiify t(rt'» in which tlieTyrinn* arc fi)g«) 
I'liiMing C'ariiiBj|r, riprrfinit, in ■ moll lively mi 
ilie nlnciiiv with wliicli htimiin rrtaiur*> ire lot 

m(rli;,j' "a,/,l;,.1u„V,.'| '■|.„!„ U.J.\u;yb 

No murmuiinff, nn crmpliiiiiinn) in the llreri 
every anr rrrlinimlell hn|ipy, in pioportinn hi hen 
himleirurcfiil. Mm'i i>l>>liiit< ril^ with thr occi 
and political r«tl, ]ik« tiihrr tvtl, under tht cond 
U merciful drity, liai produced oilrnrivc goot 
callini furib Ionic of iha nohtel) exrtiii>nf, and 
MrfetT chnraJlcn which have adorned ilic rccai 
JkURiAn natura. 

't'htre ii> imr bcncriUHl tfftiX of nnlionil miirerG 

frtaier imporiniirc than any whi^h I htivr rnniot 
t fiilidupR llw hHM)rhiy Inul rlevuird with Hi'hai 
'inebriutad wiih »rel>, and (urn) the nttrniion i 
King of ltin)>«, tha Lord of \9t^^. tl«t only Rn! 

trincei, who, from Hia thrune, behnldtall nationi 
itli tht ftepira to depart from ihr wJrkrd t< 
rlghtroni. It lenchea un to rely iTfii upon our tit 
■uiiiliiri«)i our mulijurirt our mnrtan, nar rnnnor 
copptr-hoiiomtd men ol wnr, our generali, M 
■unlrtli* thaaM ihflLenlQf HolU. 
■* • I 



No. Ill, MORA L, kc. iWa 

When he ftghtii for tn wf flintl ronqiifr. Without 
htm, wv Ihitll in VNin ifiit luir truH in n niirgiijfnr, a 
Kf*ppel» or H Cnrnwiilm i hut '* ihr hall nf rmpii-e 
** (iinll cniitiniie lo hill on wtllwnril nn if hnn rvrr yrt 
"■ dnne, till it llnp^ in Atnrrkn. n worlil iihknnwn (n 
*■ the iintlrnM, unit which miiy ftivr the itiiri ul lome 
•' IwtMrr Ali«»jimlrr.'* 

If Providencr (\\.\\\ hnve ilrrrrrd the dnwrnfiil nf 
hiirilh liipremncy, hnppy IhnuKI I hi* to hiivf nifrerllrd 
fine ifien which miiy Ihrnulntf the rxeriioit^ of my 
rounlrymfii, nncr more lo rnife the niihlr rnlumn ni» 
iho hiilii ol' lilirrty And virtue y or whirh tniiy vonfolo 
thfm nn itn ruin«, Ami teAch thrm. whilr thry fit hf 
the WAieri of hiiternrl*. And hnnyt ihrir hnrpn on ihe 
willow, to think of llim who run make riverii of com«» 
lor I to flow in the dienry delrrt. 



No. CXXVIII. ON soMF or tiif fal.sr prk- 

TF.NMtONK AND IMlM)SITIONS OF TIIK ART* 
»UL AND AVARKMOUS. 



NO T WIT US TANPrNC; th.' prriiMifioiM i»» 
irli^»t(»n, philolt'phy, nmi rdmii(ii*n, ihr firf.iirr 
imrt of mdnkiini npnrnrs to Ih> iriltiiinrd in thcii at\\ij\\ 
comiii^l hy fi!W rthiirnt priniipIrK, h\u ihnfr whu h tire 
tiiiM.itrd \\\' II ir^ttrd to intrirfl. Tn (hr Kivr o| B;itti, 
unil thy iM'iiknffM or w:tnt of piinripln, it mull he 
imputrd, thni ovrry onup^tioii iimi ilrpiiiimrnt nl lilif 
tilMuindfi with impofUiii'. A ntnlipir n rnfilv put on. 
Appr«inni:r« flir, indroil. I.u wunv rnlilv nKnmril ili.nt 
RAlitic.i ; nnd ihoy mr olfrn ntotr iMdrUlul niul inoir 
plituiiblr t for tlir fdifiir nf him, who rinploy«i nil hin 
timr flnd fitti^ntion in K^'*^i'VK« p»ouio)>, iiiul (anin;) thn 
hont, will muih loonrr niit.i^l llir niKHr aimI nppl.nilo 
1^1 ihr pfiflrii^ci, tlirtu that ol liiiii ulii^ ha.^ Imtii loli- 
citdiii only in Irtininir thr liipuutli ul the Lcain, .mil 
the mAfiy f&rinneli of a deep fvunJatiim, 



tU K S S A Y S. No 

^o powfrhil air the iiuHijJitiops of ;5Vi:rL\*» ^ 
mfV u 11 toJ,(*roi\r chc vour.j*. thr umplr. tJ:r :;;.•. 
mi J uniulp-ctint>» (h:ii (iir uiicuounc <i:iu':^* v.\^ 
Kouiil i\A\r iT.-u our unitoitn lOtumrr^'r oc *'-vVi: 
h.iil not ItM.mutcIv happrnr*!. \\m i.Sr i*m«* u 
priiuiplr an J iiipri;lui(\ or t{-!rt<.hnri>. wJuvS !»- 
i!^vr^\cr^ lo iiuiv^l.* v.yow :n.lr.!x:iui. uuhu^'titho: 
to hotrav ihc ;»n> of' r.iJi oihri. Rt\;^l il'.rsi>. 
i'urv ol ii*;ilous 4'ojn|v;ii;on. \\A\c oi»^o\c:o»: the* > 
oft i\\c \u\*\\\\i\\\ jiit. a'.\vi op«-;\c*i ihr c\i* ot v..»" *;; 
olilrr\ci>« 

t]iur.-.(rii \\ iiii \hc \\\,\\c> of ilic *;cM.'-.if.^, r*;,^ .;.•/, 
iwc liili Ui»l wlirirxri {\\c:c \> a pi\»S.i^'.i'. .x o: 
J( lvvo;nr> MitMt* iiu*!), w !».> h.;\r uc;) m;'.!'\ of ;:•. 
C^f'lifr. to Irt ot!u'!> piv'h; h\ th*'i: r\ :■,•: :,->^.\*. ■:••. 

f.\il in lh<* ;ipp'»C:Uton, th^i \\!»r.x* x-\:: '.'.»..•.. \ 
IrnuvMK ,11 r in,u!{*, ri;»irj \\\ liu* n\.;:u:.-.i .. :;^. ;..* , 

* I « * a 

1. •(%•« ■■• \l.fcV» ll.V>|b. .. .^ft iV.ti V \\% ..« . \% \ 

I 

11 at 

l».;v'./!\ rnv:r.'.\ vMi: Jv^ i.-.i:-..'. v- i^ . . . ■ •' . \* • . 
iX, ■.*•;•. v'.'.'M OM :c.\\ UvV;;^ .. ^ .•.>•. . \» •.» . 



a< 



I « I 



* « 

« ■ • 

• ." * * 

T \ * '. . /. \ \ \' i ^ \^ '.* -* » - N * I • '. ". \' ' ' ^* . « . . *. ' '/ , ! . . . \ 

* ■ ■ 

t'B«i« •_ *■•« «.' I'll • **»'VV""* ■• «»• 

i»'. \\-.!\r •.••.;•;*:•.•.:■:, N\ '..' ..> >."■.■..••• .'.^ »•'.-■•. . 
\N ?t^^ Ji'*-- i^.v^:. V. I ^. »"■•.. I... .. » . ■ . r N. .. 
!»■ '.x .', .". \\ V* ;■ V .*.M .■■v'. • ;\ . l ; . V*, . * • ." . 

I ' ■. » ■ 

kl IX -Xt •I* ■ ■•■-■\ ^\ ••• ..i.«i l.l>«.\ > I 



'. > ' t X ' k t ' 



Nu. 12tt. 



MORAL, Ac. 



>«l 



p€r ciut^ ilieaptrr lliun the ifll ol the traJr*. Iic\\»iut 

lit thofc* jfi'iicrciUb f|iiiiib, who iVll ihcir inoiifii), ur 

ihrii* iiulullry, /io/m/A.a /'u/zt; ; In-^air, »•> ^uii v.ilur 

your hculih uiul yuui lilr, ol ihoii- who v\ill i uir* )iiii 

of ull dih'aka with u livr ihillin^* pill liuX i ImvUK- ot 

being lUiirnncJ liy the vinliiei, vvlm I'l'oiiiilef: you ne.tt 

(Hi iiii|uirieil i whith vvoidi ln-iu^* iuU'ipirict), liLhily 

u lit|uoi ill whii h not u (liop ot f^itpe juiir, oi ion-i^Mi 

l|iiritti| ib to lie iouiul. iirv\iue ol )i)ui' |iuilc' aiul v^'»i 

creilulitv, when you nie oilMLit lo In* lati^ht moi'- 

ot the lunguitgcb iuul liieme^ dy .t new iiit'ilii •!. in u> 

mnnthi, i\s wct-kii, or Wx. houib, ili.m ihoir wu" 'iuinltt 

over rthoulii can te.tth in li.i or iivict u vr.o*. In-iv.tie. 

ot a thouland urtlul tiiLka whiih lO* iiil|il.i>i il ni ilut 

newfjiiipera, and which thi^ ilneiiinl in .01 ol ni.iii 

cunthvi'.'>i art the fiiiilrr weavch hi-i \\('1>, 10 ( .ti. ii (lii>(c* 

who are unlii(jn-iMiii|', Itnauli- ihry .ire iuiKtifhi. 1 i.i- 

true nieuiiiii}; i>l all jiontjioub }iiru*iit i :•, .ti.il ni\iiM4<, 

Rd\L'riiU*nienib ib, thai thi'ir .luihiu-i lirin" •li!iii-ll< •!, 

iiiiil, prohalily, dilliiuii- liuih ot i li.o.u'li 1 , i.iru 1 . ..n.l 

liirril, liuil an e.ily nioile i<t tii|>j>i) iii|* (In* ii>-ti>t. i>v 

ili{^^inQ |)iit»illt for ihc uiiw.iis, \^iih whuiu lur wkiUI 

liitill always uliouuil, al the lApi'iu r ot a it w lluliin^' . toi 

fvrry Inure, hiuih, iiiilrcil, u liu* iicilnliu ol Mi.o.Kiiul, 

ilui many u ijuaik and iiicii'mlt'i \\a:» |kiI1i K' J .m < !i iic 

ill the Loriiei ot a iiewl|).i|i(:i , etjual lo lai}/- lut ijii!.i.i 

ot tliiiy UL'reb. 

ThL*re are tew ilepaitnieiit-i in whidi nioie lnlLiiitr. ot' 
ticci |ttii)n (Kiur, than in the town walh.iol liii i.ttioi-. li 
ha|i|w'i).i, that ihry who are to hr met Itaioi ally nilli imiu-u- 

Iial in dilleniiiiaiing ti'ienie ami jiliiloiojili\ , .oul .ill \\u-. 
PriKlUi'ti(;h!i ot huni.in wil, iOlilhlUlc a \i-IV Iniim mu:! 
I'udy, ( oiililliu}.; of many nii-iiilii'i.i in i-kIm nn- Hnli'M m c, 
tiiuii ilic author, liy ii.nli-, ilov\n to (In- ImimI lnnli-r 
•uiil till* (jrvil. l*',niploynieni nnill In- pinvnli J ( 1 di. m 
i11i or liolli they anil ilnir t.onihi'M nmtl s\.nii l>i. i.l. 
liir picf.i mull, ihrii'fou*, In- imilLoith i>t iitti.iii; 

Ut wlul i^ to lupply it r A VCiy Ww |ilrlli , ^vmilil In: 

Itillitii'Mi lo jni-parc fur the juiMii \ tt*vv .ill iuimIii'Iiohi 
really new ami neicir.ny. C'onijul.iiionn an- ImiMiil 

Juuilci- u ihuufaUil fliapcr:i and ilif^uiU-. j m.A wm w ni 



Iff E fi S A V G, 

ftmw, adorned with Dofton Decreet, tad tl 
of Fellows of the Kuyiil iiuciciy, urc crtni 
i)» of the advrnluroiii {.itblldicr, nn<i (land ft 
rcnowncil Huihori. in all ibe dignity of a i 

Imperil! Bibl», new Syllfmi of (>«ogr.iphy, 
of England, snd Collei^lioni of ^ oyagra, wi 
minion to read the &rll numbrr, and return 
approved, and a promiflbry noic, ^encroully 
that all niimbrri, cxceedinc a certiiin omouni 
giv«n grati/. But if any deceit cnn be exci 
napi It it fuch an one as this, which fccdi ih 
clothri th« nileed, and communicairi much 
ing and ufefui knowledge among the poor. 

There nre thofe who call far leU honeft art* t 
innocent fraudi ; but it ii well retnarktrd by a \ 
moralill, ihtt no frauda are innocent ; bee 
dcftroy the confidence of Ibciety, on which t 
atft &nd convenience in every part of our interc 
each other, greatly depend. 1 will venture to 
he who will cheat without remorfe in one th 
chcnl in nnollicr whenever ho c.iii do il with 
'«recy and impnnity. Though triaki in trad 
Jeccitful myfteriet of a profcflion, may enable 
raift a capital houfe of bufinefi, to be in a g 
«r to become a good man, at the yiiritfti a 
city, yet they can never be compatible with 
toDcfty, nor render him more truly refpeAa 
the humbler adventurer who aAualty invi 
fite, «r fiflci your pocket. 



Nil. tt^. MORA r.. .Ire. iHf 



«J4I 



No. CXXIX. ON TIIK PRKVAII.INC TANTfi 

IN P<»rTKY. 



SWI'", I'". *r |n>rfv I (lu»u liivrlirl! ohjnM ni" iiitrltrVIUAl 
|tiirliiU. — — « Hut I iim iitnmttK iitti) ritiiiiirri, 
Wlicn t ill triiiird only n I'onl ilillriUumi. t( i^. iiidrrtl. 
dillu'ull nol In bo li'(inl)MitlP(l l>ryoiiil llir liniii« nl 
viitivilini in riMMrniplrtiin)? thr iir.iiiiir« wliuh ihr 
limi^ii' hand nl' thr |u»rl r^tlrn miuiiul, wilh nil iht 
nrdtivr powrr of n rrnl riu'hitnimnii. Kiimii thr Crtir* 
ol (tiiin. thr tuiU nl anihititui. ihr ninfr, ihr huiry. ihr 
V(K4Uun 1)1 M itilni'tlrrnl woi-jil. wr rilr on tlip wini;* 
oCptwiy Co rihpiml inuiiini, whnr nil ii Inlilimr nml 
Irtiuuill I or mr WttlVrU to viiionMiy lirnn, in whir It 
irv dllpUycd nil iho drliciuiiii lw<irt« ol « |i4iA(lirr nnil 
fen riyllum. Awny. yc« lintlid ohjri'U i yr jmllntiona 

it M;in la not tir<l 

jtrtllion to wtTtchrtt 

lhort«li, hm f(\vv\\ thrm « iHmrr ol loifwicin); thit Uwt 

t)lb, nml hmrinit nwhilc*, nil mtml. nil fpiiit. nil r«- 

Uiy, in the* mi ul thr Iwitn. on the \vin|*i of ilui 

Krrtlon iilonr, wtih nil hf*r prrtrnlttina. U frlilont 
rulKdifht to luolh our (Min, nuil iMniiMiir niii pdl* 
Ann;* I luu nirliMly nnd Innrv uiiiinl with lin. Mir iftpn* 
Mr ol' |HHirin^ liutm inin ihr woinulril hriui. In nil 
»«tliinR» Niicl in nil r4ii|i« ol ihr p^tiplr. Imnr Ipnin of 
pM*iry hnii lirm rillllvttinl ; nml n irtlir tut it wni 
umliuilxnllv implnntrtl in out uiiiiiir, ihni thr liiif* 
rviU III rr^iliiy mi^ihl ulicu tir tiilrvitttril hv thr (wrrti 
<■! liOliuii. Whrii rriiiiliwti'n Imv w.n iijtriiril iin iiittn- 
Miul, rtml iiiifriy ililtulrd iiii rvnv Inlr. Itttuy, •!« wril 
*> lit>|ir, kinilly Itii^^nril lui iiiii i luilolatiuii. 

VVhilr wr nir iiaiii)^; ihr Invr ul I»«mK lti»n> thr» 
lAvniiird ifln id thr Sfiuihnii t)iriUi in iln* ir^Muni ui 
hfi^iul, wr ;irr nmitirtllv lriii|i(i*il in dwrll. with )*:u 
t»"lii tiKPnihin, nil thr portuul tallc id nm nwu 
tvuiitiy, Mud i^ui uwn (illiva. 



ind tncumtiniiiiTN of thr purr Ipiiit 
down to yon. Piovidnnrr, in riMnp 



%H • 8 ft A y^ S; Nd^iis 

4 ijUtik k.k oot difficiUt to Mrcdvi» tliatctiM.]bd 
nireridf Bndilh poetry Hire divided into two partaei 
Tht olyeAA (3 their love ere, perbipit of e<|ue) betatv 
Hiottgh they gseiAtly differ in their mr, their drefii tn 
tyro of their feeturef^ and their complexion* On on 

ee are the loveri and imiutorf of ^penfer an 
ilton I and on tlie other» thofe of Dryden^ Boileat 
kndPope. 

. Now St bappenf f onfortonatelyi that thofe who ai 
ia lovowhh one of theft hrm$ are, fimiedmea» fo blw 
to tiM chamff of the dther^ ai to difpvte their exifttna 
The ftnthor of the effay 05 Pope* ' who ia MnMf 
V9tf agreeable poet, and of what I call the old Cdkm 
of BngHflb. poetry, feemf to deny the Juftice of M 
' Pope^t claim to the title of a tme poetp andtoieppn 

Ctate to him the fiibo/dinate ckaraAer of a fatirici 
ffifier. On' the other, haad, the authort of tlie Tn 
lielliHv Aod of the Lives of the Bnffltih Poeti* h«(Bti 
hot to.'ftrip the Icoreli from tho wow of the Lyt 

: ?oldfi^ith, in hii Life of PanieU, hu iA?IdM 

com]>ared the Night Piece on Death to Oray't Elegj 
and in a manner, which betrays a little jealoufy of 
living poet's fnrne, given the preference to Parnel 
Thereoi alfo a little ccnfurc thrown on the elegy, i 
a collodion which Goldfmith publiOicd under the tit 
of the Beauties of Englifh Poetry. J remember to hai 
heard Goldfmith converfe, when I was very young» c 
feveral fubjefli of literature, and ninke fome obliai 
and fevcre rcflcd\lons on the fafliionnblr poetry. I b 
came a convert to his opinion, becauCe I revered h 
authority. I took up the odes of Grny with unfavoa 
able prepofTcilioni, and in writing my rcmarlu on then 
joined in the cenfure. J have fince read them with gre; 
delight, and on comparing their ilylc, and even the 
bbfcurit)^, with many of the fincll pieces of Lyric coa 
pofition in all antiquity, 1 find a very great reiemblanc 
1 am not a(hamcd to retrad my former opinion, and i 
pay the tribute of opplnufe to thofe defiant friends, Gn 
and Mafon. At the fame time, while it is cafy * 
difccrn that they diflcr greatly from the fchool < 
Drydcn and l*ope, it is no derogation from their net 



No. uy. MORA \», .Vr. 187 

tOHlim, lli.it lliry nrc tlir ^riiiilnr difuplr*; cif Spnifrr 
Riui Miltont Such alln nrr ihr vrry rIi-)Miit nnd 
IrarnnI brothrrs, onr ttf whom |irrliilrs, with lo niiuh 
honour, over the fchool nt Wimhrllrr, niul lh«* «ilhrr 
has wiittrn mi cirpitnt nnd rLilifiutr hillory ni tlMl 
Kn^hlh pictry in which hiiiifcir rxrrlit. 

(»')!illmirhS Trnvrllrr is (rrt.iinlv .1 hrjiiiihil pnrm, 

nnd io jirr Dr. |(>hii(1)ti'.s Iini(;iti'itr« ol' |tivrnnl ; hut 

thrv, nnd a ihoiilaiul othm ol thr (;inir Iprffir-:. nir of 

adificrrnt lUmp Troni the Knj^lHh nntiqup. Thry nre 

excellent produiMioiiR in one iciiul. but not Irfs (io nir 

thofc nf (rr;iy And Mnfon in ;innthi*r. I.rt bnili fthooln 

flnurilh nnd rrrrivr thrir diir*app).uilr. nor Irt tlwilr who 

hxvr only ni'i)iiircd 11 tallr for on", licit tlir nthT with 

contrmpt* Sprnfcr nnd Milton iltrw no; from n (fo-- 

ihic model, but from The polilriril haiMn:. who, ihtni^'.h 

tli<7 h;id loll fonic o( thr purity nnd litnpliciry of 

Intirnt Konir, yet tet.iincd murh of hci t'lri».ince« 

] rannoi help thinking that bin poetic:il idra* nre con* 

fined, who iina not obferved with delight, thr fweei 

lines the fwrct Inngujige, the fwret fancy ol' SpenCer; 

and who hni not been »lfo charmed wirh the fin;ilier 

Piecr.^ of Milton. All tnilen, however viirinu^. allow 

Shake rprarr*!! claim to poetry ; but it cinnoi br denied, 

that fo me of \\'m bell dcicriptionx, nnd rfpriijlly thofo 

dcliciou.4 niorfcls which occur in the foini (d lonp.M or 

fonncts, partjke much more of the nntirnt th.tn nf tlfo 

modern fchool, either Knglilh nr I'leni li ; lor \\r m-Ay 

ull it Knglifli, if we attribute itn origin to Pope, anil 

French, if to Hoi lean. 

There fccni.n to be an unreafon^ible prrjudicr enter- 
tMned ngainll blank verlr, by tliol<* who willi to diclitte 
on the fubjedKof criticilin. It i*. rwlli('i'*iii, in (he idcii nf 
nnny, to condemn a poem, tli.ii ii i.s wiitten in bhmic 
vrrfr. 'JMiough one mny piclrr ihyine upon the whole ; 
yet, an bbink vcrfe is fulcrptiblr vi' }\\i-.\\ vjiiety of 
mufic, and of every ornaninii uf diiMiuii. it ii liiirly 
alifiird to involve il in .my grtiri;ii cnilutr. It mny, 
however, be attributed to this idlr pirpDliillion. thai 
Mr. Mafon*!) I'.iiglini (tardrn i'-rtir. to br iirgK'^irJ, 
I'hcre is, intlced, a geneial piejinliie ;i)',;iinn ;dl w(»ik.i 
which appear tu cun)c (loni th.it Ichool, and the very 



)tt ESSAY S, No. 

fevere criticifms of the larr hiographiail preface n 
works of Gray, uill, perha|>s« cimtribute to t\^ 
a moil dclifrhtful ft vie of pure poetry ; of poetry, 
verCint folely in the regions of fancy, and cIoth< 
m luminons and mufical di(\ion appropriated to ii 
and moll remote from all that is proUic. Very 
commendacions are due to Mr. Aniley, to the autht 
a poetical epillle to Sir William Chambers, to 
H.iylev, and to feveral others who Are well kno\i 
£une for their fuccef&ful labours in the fchool of Pi 
but, at lead, an equal (hnre of praife ought to be 
to the fcholars of Milton and hpenfer ;^Such as 
Mafon. and the two poetical brothers. With re 
to Gray, he has received his tribute of applaufc 
a difcerning public, and has certainly drftrve< 
The heart and the imngination have given it him ; 
they who can fee no beauty in his \'erfe« may prob 
fucceed in writing a lampoon ; but would probabli 
far Ihort of the poet whom they cenfurc, in lyric 
elegiac poetry. 

None can entertain a higher veneration for oui 
Prcfjtory Biographer of the poets than myfelf, i 
was therefore greatly concerned to fee him e.v| 
to cenfure by an uncandid. not to f.iy iiijudicious, 
of critivifm on the poems of Gray, lie indeed a 
the merit of the elegy, but examines and cen 
the odes with every ap^HMmnce of wnnton nuilii; 
>Vho but mull lament th:it the folid critic and mo 
ihould have been fo much un^ier the inHuence of 
and je.iK lily, a> to trc.it the t.ime of his iviempii 
the illiilliious Ciiay, with lini^ul.ir h.irAineiV, in a ' 
which contAin> very c.uuiid .ucounts of a Sprat ; 
Y;»Men. u Puke and ii Broome, tuul of oihefs. 
whom, irGr:iv in' conip.ii'evi, he will appear, J^ Sh 
penre fays, like Hy}>erion to a Satvr. 

'I'he late col lev lion of poets h ;s relU>red to temp 
life mai>y n lukly and dymi: poet, who was h.Ulcni 
hiN pioper place, the toinl> ot oMi\ ion. Why ^\a 
moie paper walled o\\ PvMlei, Halifax, Stepney, W 
and Ulackmoier Mow can a work pretend to the 
piehvMilive title ot the Bod\ of lvnj»lilh Toeirv, in v 
the workft of Spenicr and Shakefpc.ire are omi;i 



No. 150. MORAL, iVc. iRif 

miikv mnm for furh wricrri ii« Kin ft ^t Amlunfr Diilip* f 
Thtf writer nf tlir pit*Ui-f« i»« inJml, (iifluimtly wilU 
iitff to ihrow thr bluinr fmm Itinilrll on ihv rom« 
pilcrii, wlictm kr wai not prrmillnl, ur iliti not riii|ra. 
voiir to roniruuL A IrWIion, loimnl nmlri- thr «lj- 
r^^tian of trur Ul)r, wnnM hdw anCwrmt ihr two vrritt 
•iitU of the pMblimtion whi« h it hii« now frnlir^iril ; it 
woitlil Knvr Minply pNitl lh<* iMmklrtlrrt, itml rrllr^lnl luw 
nnurnn Kny^lilh littfriitiirr. 'I'lifn DiouKI wr havr Irrn, 
in thr pUrrof Hori-iiniintin nnil Kcnhrtlrr. INunlirt And 
KmioHi thr ivortc« of ( ^oUlfnmh, of ( ilovrr. nl M;ili)ti. 
uf Aikin, cif dn'trr. i<l HcMtiir. nl thr Wiuinn^ nt An. 
llrvt NnU of nmnv oihm, who wntiM (hinr 4111011^ ihn 
llii|{hr«*«, PittHi Anil SAVAj^r*, liki* thr niomi Anion|; iho 
dimintlhrti cohllrlliitionii. 

Upnn thr many amiI r^rrltmt Itvin;* wiitrfi uf portry 
wo niAy obfrrvr, thnt thmiy^h (hr iliiltrl-hit tnnn nf wor 
And pniiticAl Animofiiy Arr tinfiivnui:*l<li* m ihn ^;rn(ln 
AH«ofvi^rlri vrr thr ii^tivr ^uu\ pulitlirtl t<( niui ni ilim 
nAtioii Irnni CApiihlr nl rtnmnunini^* ,ill nhM:i« Ir^ in \vi» 
trr«. A* ii% tnAnlv Ipirie )%»% uhmMlrly lioinr alt lii-liuo 
II in the nnhAppy contrlU nl W4r. 



No. CXXX. ON TIM rrct'i.ivR i>anc.i.u oH" 
rAlJ.iNti INTO iNiMH.pNir. IN A i.iriu.\u\- 

ANI) KUTtUl'.l) Ml K. 



TT i« rrriAiii, ihAC ai mtt tttui'llpM wnr iinliurd (11 
I foinul iollr[*ri hv irlti'tntm mniivr^, fo ihrv < htrily 
tnlttltlrd ihrm ti» Alllwrr thr |Mii-pn|r« nf irli^Mnii. 
Thnfr pioov lirnrfAiMini to in.inl. mil ilul not uiriui tii 
rlliihlilli frniiniitirt hi ptrp^tir nini lut thr wutlil, hm m 
trill h ihrm to ilrtpilr i(. Hut lUDrr rnlirhirniil prnmli 
ih.in thoir in whiih ihrfr wmihiri livnl. hnvr ihhn- 
vrrrdi thAt niAn hrit nhrvn hin Mdkn whru lir tnliri dii 
Atlivr pnM in thr dutiri nf ('oririy. 

A hni^ rrrt<lrncc* in u rollr^r ii. prihup^, li.inrl^ 
lrf« iinfAvmtrAlilr to drvoniui diun in Iimi.iI ui'liviiv. 
I'or drvotion drprmU iliirlly on livrly silln'titiii-:, r^rr 

cilcd ttud Agitated hy th« vicilhtmlc^ ui Koyc m\>^ Ww 



10"» 



K S S A V >\ 



\o. I :,^ 



\\\\\U\ \\^\ wlwMs alnuM^ |»Urr*l Ivxoiul \Sr i^svN I'i 

h\ {he iNniK« I'l \Nr loOitntion u> i*i;«*n,l hit ^ >,*.'.».*'. 
atul «K^-r o\*'i hi< »«i1>umk hwi ho ui'I not t*v*, ri 
:'.\\\ j*i-\»»I».-«i jn.iniuM, \\\c iju'.Mljo o«\icMMion«* fo'^o.. 

i'r.iir* oi ..,'\i\r l\f«-. <in*< fi>M« (ho woili^ «\^ iNo ^'i\: 
fiM »,Mnfi"t :\r,; i,f v'.hmonj i but (No oIorloNN^ tVS \ 'lO* 

|*:^»u^, uI^'!o *)/ IV knroNt^ji in ;<ll (So K'»n**!i-,io« l^♦ 
i»!ii'i«»n. (,M !*'»' p\\»U\>ov n^u\ on»pi\*\ jvoiM* of \\:.i 
w iM.it I'om \x!-.ix^ I'.- »* «i\NuKv. P«r.''v» ox.-.*/ %o'. 
(ir '.*•'. rt j*'«*sj pr^M o! in.u^knui \\s« »\M'ii;'0/. t;*: !X*.»vmj. 
tosjis, U'l.h ti'! tSo ;«"tX :in\Ojnor( \^f ir'M*i*»n :^«,- o-.* ». 
\ri* ; ^»•. rr^«r w;-.^ \Sr «\;:(}> i«,*,,- Isiv^*^;,-,; (Njiv. ,-1 
(*',•»" r •!,•,'■. '.»\ tM'OV»\ :\\\A 1iM\0M«U0 \«*-. \»'*1 s-v 

I 1*1* 

o -so :;■■*•■!. i'»', 1* tn'i«U\|ro M junov. r.'Ar. \\\ o.i^vo'n 
«»r;*i" ...u'-. i-^ ' M".'P!iM omnv.v 10 Kro\\!o»i»»o r'\\y\ i\^- 

TMimlvi* o( iiUMi' \\-'o Jv;xo Ivi n loj* :\-,.o-i^ (on i^,^ 
niM.J i.^ it* ;',«,. i.«* ^^.'^•\• x-y.iW wiy^y. VN** ; M'l ■^ ■.,*0 ■*« 



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||»>I llftllC IM* li.lp|>' , tl til--' li'iliili f inil I |> Mill* Iinii III 
|(t • iiil|i- rll I ill llii| :t|l.i •■ III I •|tit> I- • III !•<•< i| •■ill I 

llll>ll.< lt.lllll lll-llll.ll l>l > I'l I • -11 1 ' ' I *- •■'llllll, 

III, HI I ti>- iiiii •! ■- |i li li li I I . . ;§ •! I -I I ii ■] I ■ M , 

f It^ II • M "' ** I • III* ■! !■ HI I* -III- 1 I ■ - 1 I • II • ■! n ■ ■ I II I ! , -I I I (•• 

1 1 M I 1 1 i i f t • 1 1 1 1 \ i ■ |i • I ' I 1 1 I ■ . j: I ■ If ■ 1 1 ■ I'll- I ■ ■ * . , •■■II 

III ml I lid iii'i- I . !• Ill ii III I ■ -iti-i li I I II 1 1 II >, III iiiii III ■■ 

ill i liiclll* Iff li.-liilt ■ . 1. 

!■ I |-- II (III nil II i', I'lll •! i I. I ij^ III i.i.| 

I , ■ III I ■ ; • ■ I ■ • I I • ■ I • ■ _ I 1 1 1 1 III ■ I . • ■ I I f . I I 

ill I ■ I ; I I • 1 11 I i 1 1 I • • I I'll I ■ I • • I I i I • 

II, II lilt _ It ■ !■ II I ■] I .1.1 I • !• 11 ii|i| 

I 1 1 II li I I I , I I • 1 1 1 I ■ I ■ ■ I , I I • 11 

|iiil tl ' • III < • liii---l|iii I iiiii I llii-..iii||i I 

ill liinil- ■* . I -I :i • I • 1 1 IIIII !i i-i '• I- ii li III li I ll III li 

fi ill »• I III It'll, •iinl mill- ••! t'l iiiitil i. Iniii I III -im 

t« I iU-l 3( 'i'l* i I 111 III I • I ll III I ■!• , I ' 'I • V'< ll ll i until 

)|M lt|ll>« lllllllf t-> jlK- if li|l- il-lllll llllll (lit lllli 

J I \ •.III II III- II, I III Ml ■ 4 • I II , i I -I I I-II , -III- 1 I I jmiil ii|it 
• |l ll^l 4. tt-lml-- il'i ) ■ <« i 1 1 In > II I I • I il Ml !•>':• -I III iiiii , III 
|l<M'it*---, ill |i ll I !■ •' III 1 1 It • lliiiir . I ll ll It I • iiiil I i| ) III 

iiiiiiiii»- llllll ilii\ iiiiijil llllll llllll ■■■•I III I'liii ill fii ll 

fl lilt -Mil il V II I III \ I • I I ll ll I f I Kill III ill . I .' I! Ill (ill 1 1 ;| I •- 

till I M • I'ta ill -ill|i lull ' , III III nil I ll ■ i I I II |-< I •! 'II I mil 11 1 I 
III -11 I ll * (!• ii I •, I tl ll In I In I lii.< li> I II i . I I It .1 I II I .. ill. l4 

H •' I I ■ I I ) I I \ I ! I !• I I ■ ■ I I ■ I ( 1 1 |i I I I II I I I I I t I • ( t I 11 . 1 • I I • I I ■ 

I f(i I I III ll ll III • , lit- |i i -j III III t • 1 1 1 I I IIm i t iin 1 1 I i ,■ 

|liflii*-lli llllll •% till III iimI III III I- !!• ■ • ll II iiiiIk 

i.i| ill till- llllll (I'liiii, ■iii>l|iiiiiiiiiii]^ I 11 llllll riili 

f-iiu ll 'ijiiliiii 1 (ill iiii|iiii«t III' i.i \ ll 11 I Ml ii I I I 

• ■lli||t<>llll\ ll<l|l|ll|-M-ll-, |ll> |<l|.|i| III I III l( llllll I 

llli* III ll- I I III 'I lll-i) I . I :|i , I ll ■■•_: ll •■■•Mill III I III II t I i 
I III ll I III il-iil ■ 'III! I I 1 1 iiiii.- I ■ . ■• 1 1 ,1 . I . •• 1 1 1 ■■• I (i I III , 

lit I (. « III! Illllf, -I |-I-Ilil II ■<{ ll'- I . . 1 lll.llll, ■■ llli ll 

ill ill il (i lllli I ■ I .1 I • >| I ll ll I I 1- III-!. I I I I. ■-. , .1 I In il. 

I- In ■ |! II I II 1 It I I Hi i\ I ill. I li>i I I ■' I i I 1 1 ■. I I ll ■ II III I •• i|i I 

III I !i . • III I 111 In •! ill I o fi I In II i|- 'I'l \ < «l III , I I In l|i i- 

I ■ 1- i ml I ii>: ( ll II i< t 1 1 

|\iii il ii-.iil.< liiili III initiii Mill itti .1 1 (i II ill I .'« i<( liii 
f m V iiiil*'!* In •■, I' it III I II I • iiiji -n I HI 1 1 11 ■! Ill I II ( i- i it '1 1 1 
llllll^ ll 'ii«iii-<i|« itn-n III nil . ill -I llii-|i I Innii I'mi 

||l|l||l»* ItiM 111* l|l-<l \\ill> l> llllll, IIM'I llli- ll^i^lMI llUiM 



\\^ 



^fB ESSAYS. ^«-^|H 

ct (ptniing U in ihe purruiiB of levninp, ind ihi 
IiImnI plealur«s of retirement, too ofttn Uagnldi ia 
their purfuita. from nrglcftin^ to nadn ihcm th« 
fubjcAi urdrtiiie and cnnverl^auon. It ti the tuttinih tif 
jilfuflifin in Trw Bnd rocia! mertliigi whi<K inrigo. 
ratt* falinrv fluilvi ai><l I'rnda the fcliotkr bacli (■ 
bit bodki with Trrdi aUcriry. The li(>|w ef makliii a 
lljture In a (uhlittiurnt meeting, the fntr of ■ (haiw 
ful «x|>ofuiri anti of appciiring inrntor lo thoft 
who ate, in n nMumt anil tivil vi«w, our etjaalt, 
will (limnlntf nil oiir p«wir ri, and enpif^c all our Mten- 
lion, while wc (it in tnorc vrry librnrir*, nhnt we onct 
nodded and ilumbereJ over the page eren of a Hf>inen 
Mretine* fhould be cftahlilhtd in all literary fi>ri<tiei 
for the eftm man tea linn of lemarks, aod the rehearfti 
of compofiiion*. But (he ftrineft lula Ihould he pte- 
fl:ribed niiil ohfenred fi>r ilie prerermtion of decDrumj 
or elfa a raaJMii)' of MaAera uT Arta would vcitc away 
the book), the pent and the InV, and alt ilic moral, 
philofopKieal, and lafteful direoarfet, in order to in- j 
Imduce pipe) and tobacco, Joe Miller, tad (he ouncb | 
bowl. 

li it right alio, that contemplative men, hou-ever far 
removed troai the necefTitv of ctnplo^meDt by the 
liberality of fi>riune, IHould communicate with 'man* 
kind, not only in pleafurei and umulcment), but in real 
dutiet and atlive virtues either conjugal, paternal, 
Brofcllional. official, or charitable, fiemrthing Diould 
be cnga)(ed in, with Inch obligation) to pertbrmaftce, 
that an inclinaiion tn neglect Ihould be ovcr.tuled by 
jegtl compullion. or the t-ar of certain toft and fhamc. 
*riie belt nieihod of avoiding the wretched Hate of not 
koowin|t what lo do, U, to involve one') felf in fucli 
circumftancct ai Ihall force one to do Ibmething. Th« 
natunl indolence of ihe human heart it found to efcape 
every rtllraint but the iron arm uf itecedity. Suck it 
our prefent condition) that wc mult be often chained 
dowti TO our real hnppineft nod our bell enjoymenti. 

With refpeft to tlie prevemion of indolence in an 

academical life, it would certainly be a happy eireum- 

llance, i'' none were allowed to rcHdc in an unieeillty 

above feven yean, who Wtn not aAualty engaged in tiw 

compofitioa 



N;}. 131. 



MORA I., Ai. 



•1» 



loinp.ilUiDn iif.! li'anu'il v^uiLi m in iu]ti*iiii(i*niliit;^ tin* 
r«liuitliiiti (il )ciuili ill 'I'lilin'i, I'iuIiIIm , .mpI II'MiIi 
ot I'lillr^M's. A Striiiiii- r'rlliiw, uiilimti lli 1>' rtn}>l><v 
niriiii, ii iiiK' i>| tlu- uiiliit|i|iiiil .Hill h.4it ulitiil ilii'Uitii-is 
ot ilic com III unity. 



No. CXWl, ON Tin- M.WNLRS Ol" A 

Ml.rKOPDLIS. 



WIl A 'I' i;\' I'. II iii.i) h" lli." II..I i;..il .i.lv.iiil.i.i»/« 
ut il \i-iv )iit|iiiliiin i:ijiil.il, •iiiil I I rticvr lliryr 
• rr ill :i vri V ilii] umIiIi* iiidHi-, i'k* liinr.it :iiiil |i)i,tii.il 
iviU (•! il .11' rv Mi till) iiiiiiii'iii'.i , ami ilclhiii'livc (i| (Ih* 
hiiiii.iti i.iu*. 'J'liii i>l-li I viiliuii i-, ihiK-rii, liui'nl all 
(i(K-!>, ill v\1iii'li U)>> (Mi'.tl >i |-iii|iiiiiiiiM (il lilt* I'l'itjili- It 
Bni'liilili'il \ li*i( I 1)1 ill ('(iiiiiiii* liiy |iirlt-iil i>l)li'i v.iliiiiil 
(i) llii' rajiii.;! (•( itu liiililli riiipiic. 

'J hi- jiniiMt-<n lit Wclliiiinllri v\ill) Ldinlon, ur uflln? 
(\ 1:1 1 VNiili till- I iiv, i-. \(-iy jiill!) lii|>]>>ili'il III ii.ivc :i 

l<r> i.v II II . ii.it III II • <■ Mil luitli ; nil liinli' \\ In* .iir rii|'.t:-i-il 
I ■ ■ > ■ 

i<t I** ■ i-.ii:i!i . .11. II : nl i • iiiMii II (', .illil nil llinli- \<. Iin .:|i* 
I ;i!<-il, (■••(■I I II II {-lli'l.i.ii lii.iill>iii , 1>V lilt- in|)i( ,uiii 
I'l |.--. .;.' -Iii-iili'. 'i l.c V Illil .11 I I mill. I. Mil. I I . I<i I III' 

( lll/i'U »t I' S.'i-I |l!i'!|l.ll\ i>l illii.j'.il !■ 'I, III V l:i I. , -.lul 

I ill' I I ■■ I. I II i I ili>' i 1 li! Ill I , .111 i>I. !:li .'It . \ I ml .iliuii 
ill (i|>ll!('ln .*. '1 Ik* I'lMSUiii' liiliiuliii I -. ill' \ i« ilIiliiil.-« 
lit l.i:!' .ili>l l.illii'iii ; (..I I III '..-Il iiiiilili'-. lli>'iii, .Mill 
iiii ti.llic-->, ill I'liitiiliMii, l!ii- iiir-.iui (it ill n .lil;>l.i\ .nul 

{M.tlilli . I 1 'M. 'lllii. .ill' lllMlM'. 'Ili>l til III I ii:lli->]ll;-Ut 
Vlll'^ tiiiil liiilci il" , .i.lv. III! I'll In »i\ lii.'li ;i ill ;ri-i- .i . lliry 
(,Mii-:iili, I'V tlic nil. -Ill I f iiikM-iiiiii >' in iii\i-ii( iu.i«!«-i 
it iliilul 'I'lii <*, unit \^'|-.lll.l (n lli|ijl/ (III- ill.llri l.ll-i. 

I. ivri\ «M {iI'MJiiit* 111 r\irl., .ti.* .i!v\ n-i Invi'i-i ni 
llit'iuii-lvr?! ill llii* l.iiiit' ill", ii'i- : .ml llicii Invc, Willi 
.ill ilu' 1 Ii.ir.ii'lvi ill u ,1 1 It] ill- 1 111 I'l nl I ill' p.iiIiiiM, I « I III nil III I y 
itijuri-1 ill nliji'il. XS'i* 111. 11 ihiii fun* liinl ii'llilliiii'l^ 
}iM'V;iiliii|i in the iii>'lin| .-Ir , ..iiJ i>i.iiliun ■ .ill 111 
il illlfill illri^tr* ol .iVMllir, pin.ili* •• 1 .lliln .il ihiin, iiir.ili- 

ui'l\, Ic'iviliiy, uuii iiiluil]>ii.iliiv. i'jiu- |'..uii>iiiiii .11.! 
Vol. 11. Jv y\v\A\v 



public rptrit, though the vety wibt of tlmn wVl eftrit 
t-imlc ihc cicaKlt {itcten&Dni to ih?n), will rddam b« 
fouiiii in ilic moie numrrou) claOri who inhabit the 
c^iIuIrI. Where money and ple«riite tit the fole Qtyedl 
cr^fijeiit purluit, public virtue, antil indeed all virturt 
will be rxppicd to fale, *bfiicver ■ pufvhafet can ba 
found to pay the pn«. " Money, O'yc Citisent!" 
fayi Horace, in a Ayle of fatiiicdl irony, " i* 6rA ra 
" be iougbt i atid ic it time enough to think vf vinuCt 
" when \ou have fccutvd a fonuoc,*' 

The inhabitant* of a great city will often be tnho- 
fpiuble nnd unnctghbuurly. 'I'hrit aiteniion it £x«d 
rn advancing and grjtifyinj( theinlclve*, and they cwtii 
filler their noghboun u riksh, or at tcalt as not wordl 
eulu\aiii>g, Sntc they can altvAya buy aroureoieDi «t 
the numrtoui placet of public rcfort and divetficw, 
Sue in the country, mutual j-rod oflicea take place). 
fnim a mutual dclir* and iieceffiiy of a friendly ibteh 
coutfe, The Londonor hartlly know* the name of Wl 
next iloor neighbour s vtd in accident! and dtAnfl 
would Bi foon ikink of fending lo Rome, at to hin '' 
crnifoit and altrtance. But in any cmcij-ency in 
vilhge, (U'cry h^nd ii tcaJy lo ulioij icUcl. llulpi 
liiy to lli'»ngers Itilt liiigert in the Jillani country, I 
hai long been b^niQied frtmi ihnt region of aiatice a 
felftthpiofurion, an oterctm^kncity. Pay a viCt inSnlR^ 
in Ocvonlhire, in Coinwtit, >r. Wale*, in the Nonh, 
and compaie your rrcrpiinn amouf; llrjingcn uirh thiC 
which you meet with in LomUn and Wetlniin iter. Luj^tufi 
nvacice, and vi;e, h.ive. irx^eed. a natural lendeney " 
annihilate ever^ grnemin piinciplc. and to harden i 
heart againit all (onncl'liAl^!l, which do not ptiimife 
leiininaie in fetifual pieifjre, or in lucrative advantaj. 

The recrefy with wliiih ciimeiCaii be committed il' 
icrowd. ia a powerful lemptniion. The Londoi:er maf 
be involved in dcb.inclieiy, and en^Hged iu fraud, witl^ 
out being fufpe.^ed m h>m<, or in hit neighbeii>rhao4i 
Jn thecountry, the fear it' l}i;imi*, and a principle of priil*k' 
often r>perate, when viiv,;i', hci^cur, and conUienctf 
«-ould ceafe to rrlli.'.iii i U>r no ciie can ihcie be gmixff 
cf an aflion re :iatk:.!i]y Jiihni.ctl or immoral niihonl 
deufliofti A^tuUewAM whq, Qigiild devote binfelf 



No. 131. MORA 1., Ac. iQ^ 

10 i)ia arci of' tlic (tvliulirr, m- itii* |iiiuMiir.i nl tins 
|irtWtlg:ittf itrliauiltrr. in d vitla*i^ ui i.iiiiitiy f>uMip 
Mittllil liiillt lie- Ltiiii|ir|lrit, tiy llm tiilica ul ml iiiiv, tn ilf- 
li'lltllci plui'r, or til livr ilic*ir ill liihltiilt'. liiil In iiill). 
iSVci) ilirti HilnrilCil with litit ntlica tit ilirt^Mlh u V itiiiy pin 
Ctftftl. uillllllllc lUlliLf, ill the illitll lijii.l.ihiiia iiiii.lii.'l 

\\ Cdklli'ia itt hiiitv illlil ivriitiiii'U ill lllith'i it 111 lini.i .11 1? 
Otiril tiUlltil lit t h iiiti'ti li^r ihf itih.tlnl.tiil III ih. i.iji.it! 
Lu\iliV. \V:ilil til iiii« V* .tut til ih'i'|i, r^iiliiii (.-III!. .ii..| 
ill Idilii.tl iiiiliil jt'Mi >', It-iVt' tl 11(1(111 jI Irihli ii< t III . I. Ill 
lilAlr. Aiiil 1) ihfi'P vxc'ict hill iiiiilinii.il lii|>|>lu -• li-ni 
the Niiiili, 1 kiituv iitit whdliii ihriii\ i-..iiil<l nui 
0ihilui Mil- huiiitii luii* 111 d iiiiiU Liiiic-iii.itili iniiitidiiii 
ilf tnthriilil\ , |till\, ttilliillltiii, fihil ilrlKiiitK* . i niii 
\yd\c ihi* linili-) ill ihf: vitlmiiri-r lultlini m tin- m. ini 
Juiln wilh lhtil>- til ihi: niitit liiilili.i, ui ir^-iil.ii 1 , i.-m 

(«!)ir ihi: iiiiiillii't iititl intilci lUllilin^* nl liini whu w a* 
iiiniuilhiii Ihr liiiiiiit ill Mitw lirll, Wilh (linfi- i<l iht's 

hdrJv itditvi^ i>( VtiiUihiir 111 .SiiiiKiiul 

rhi' c*\(ic'itira lit illrll^Miin diiil riilhillt.iliil iuail- (lir 
mdiiiu'ia tii ihi- i .tjiiitil. 'l'hi'h'« iiiilml, till' itii' iiiiiiLiI 
CtiiUc.|iiriii ra 111 Itniir iiiiiiiii|* (lii- iii.im h i.l ilil|iiiiiiii.ii4 
fihriltt\ c'iliiMlriitlr-il, .'■(iitil.M 1^ itiiiiiilrti'il ii\ ihi ihii.i, 
Iraiti'i .ta a htiliil.tV, till v\ hii h li>' in ly tii<liil,>-' viIIikuI 
liiijirutlrtit f. Ii la iht'H't'ii 1' idltiiif iiiUii il In Hiiiii liiiiii 
IlkiT ir|l til tlir VM'ik. (nil Iv 1m I'Mi'hj rtii>l In \ n luiia 

llliluli^l-IU l'). Ihi'jMlllh ihlllihr-s ;llt' lli I'l. i'(> il , Iml 

la lllCii: d L'liMl lUitiilUlll- til ctllV |illi.' il i\Mlilii|i, 

£Ki.d|i| utii'ir liiliii' riilhiili.tll in h\|iiiiii{i' hi ••|>iu-il ■• 
rrirplJiit- (fi ihiili' whii lutmin innlri ih. h iipi.mi . i.| 

iiililtillll 111 lllldllKV. 'I'hi^ lWil)*("IIM :lli' mIii II I .ill 
nillll'il llll>lc-| ihl*: lll|llill> UllM IIHIill', nil llli *' :tlll\l .tl 
d ili'l-K't- til ll'.ll lIlUl llitlli |hl'l:tlU lllllv in.iitlli ll 

1 li.ivi' |iiiililf'tl i>til liiitii' jii't iiliiii rtilaiii till iii.iiiiii-i ■» 
til (tu* iiii'(iii{itilia uiih twii iiiiriiiiiiii-> I )ii> r. i.» 
)-.i-M'iil, lit liiliK' lit'tprc, itf |ii. v.iiltiif |ii.i.'(ii> i>l 
I iiii>.-liUill^ lliiiil (111* i>iiiu(i\, fiiimdii- I.- ii.> III lif'ilili 
I. 1 I I i)tll|i;lltlli\c: lllllili I'll! i'« UI llliti il'ili t>t lilt, Illlil ill 11 

I I Itf* lit ihi' huiii:iii ittii*, a Illy ii>i' iii>x*il>-l «\iilft 

)-• lii'lc, lillit i'\ I'l I till U nil fWi V :ttiiiiiini..lii>ii lli> •>... • 
la. Ill (tip,!*!'!! d tlllll whli h ll|:i\ till \ i.tl- (Il .1 I u I I { I 

riil whuh (iiiiiiits d ii'itii'ih ■ lit' l"v>' I'l ii>« 



lyti ESSAYS. H 

(liflinAion, of plenUiie, will ptobubly ffuftni 
former purpofc i but ihe latter, in a day of at 
dillref), or under oihcr circumAancei favtiurable 
tue, mny pcflibly be iccompIifticU. 

'I'o jijomote a reforniation of manncri, add. 
amliomy and efficiency mull be given to the 
and ma^illriic) of London. Bntli of them are 
time looked upon by the vul;>itr, both liigb an* 
with fevcrdgn conicmpi. '1 he ciiurcho are' 1 
curaw*, or poor bcumbcnts, who, in a place 
ricliei are idoiixcd, hold a rnnk fcArcely equal 
keeper of tin aluhoufe or an oil Ibup. The juiti 
UiJdIefex have Jong been the ll^Lnding objcfit of 
and detiiion. Are the London clrtej', wlio 
JtrenuouH)' in iheir vocation, and on whnm fo mi 
the (Idle ot'morni] and chrifti.inity depend*, pariic 
conntenunccd by the miniltry or the btOiopi i 
parliamentary iiite/cll which procures oiitrei, And 
andlivingi; and though a tity curate, or incun 
Ihouid convert millioni from the error of their nra 
would Aill be fulfered to elbow hii wny along C 
fide in his thiend-bare coal iind lattered );oivn ; pi 
out and latij;hcd ist hy iicry apprtnilrr. Tiir tv 
people u'ill not difcriininaic. They will dcfpifc re 
and morals when they fee the teachers ot them 
mean, and neglcrted, 

I) it not a diigr-ice to the Defenders of ilic Faiil 
that a London clergym.in, who has promoted 
charily, and probably reformed E'''^^' numbers, t 
thirty or /ony years, Ihall be fufl'^ied to live 31 
with nothing but a curacy and a beggarly leAur 
and that, in the mean time, he uho is relai 
a' Lord, or connected with Members of I'ariia 
though he never preached, and can hardly read, 
be loaded with digrtities nnJ pliirnliiiesf He who 
reform tbe capital, I lepeat, muH render the cler 
(peftable in inc eyes of (he vulgar, and the magi 
lormidablc. 



Ko. 131. MORAL, kc. ig; 



No. CXXXII. ON niM.KM'IlUS AND rillO- 

rMjui'. (;a/a, ror.rri'. si'iuii.aks ok tiik 

KNTKIINTII CKN riM', V. 



..~««N 



'Tp^IfOUCtn \\\r niliuirrr nf rlrjvint Iiiirr* will 
J^ U\u\ hin (wfClrll, inoll (nliil, niid innii i orill.iiil pltM* 
fiirrfl of \\\r lr:»rMr'l 1 iinl, in \Ur wiirin;;} of ilir An 
g-iflaii i\yr ; yri. Ur will cil!<'ii iv\ lii 1 1 Jiiiniify |»f»wrrfiilly 
Cfiif'l, ;ii)tl amply i('.v;jnl"l, Uy til '("•' anioiij^ llic 
rrvivi'. «•! Irjiiniu;; who :n«' i!i!liii;Miillir(l by \\\r pnljir- 
hrf* r>( ili'Mr li»''r.uv .J't om|ililliirjfn!'.. I w;i'. latrly 
Arnufiiij^ inyfrir in llii'. pir il uii \/,ilL 1 f < l..(!i-- il liiria 
rirc, vvli"!! I iuiidnii.illy t.i -i v.-!i!i |!>'' l'.;>i'ilri nf 
riiilclphu.*. 'rhc)iiv!i tliry .m- ii-m w.tii mi ,1 Irw «'\. 
prt'diotn wliicli m;irK llf* h.ul>iriliii oi lii.iini '"i, tliry 
pofl*^r» A conrnlrrablr ih.\tt* ol r|r;;;ui(i*, iiii'l p,«ii,il:T 
much of tlir f^racri wliii h niiiic fu ii^m rr. liily in (ho 
f])il)!r.i ofriiny and Cicrro. 

Philrlphu'i w.it b(Mn ni 'l'(drn(ino, in Iialy, in tlm 
Tear 1 v;'' S ^ vrry railyprrind f )r {h uiw munuu} . w 
inHaiicc of pni(irirn<y. Me dird nl l'luirn<c tn 1 iK'^, 
hftrr having hiird a lon^; lif'* wiili tlu* niod l.ilMirionn 
MpiYlication. I.rt it bn tctnrnibrrrd, th;il ptintin'; w.n 
unlinowii at that limr, ;nul tli.it nor only tlir* bimki 
which wnr rompofrd, bni whivli wric alfo if. id, wcro 
oCtrn nainfvilly fr.inf'. librd by tlir* Undent. 

IMiilrlphni wa.n no iii(()n(id( r;iblr port, Init wns 
rrownrd with lniin*|, ;irtdMlin)^ to ihc f iildon of iho 
llnirn, by AlphoiiTo I^in;; ''f N.ipln. lie wrote fivo 
<bnrt<'nt wnik-i in vrrfc, .n:.!, ^lunidm;', to hi^ own 
H'cniiniin cmic oj Inn Iritrr', lli'-y » niilil'rd of irn book.i 
nl f.wlrr-, fivr book, (d niii« rll.inn n'j porms, iho 
Kfortiiiil in ri^;hi bcol;., I'n Irndki of rpi^M.im^, aivj 
ihrrc bfjf'lci of (»n»'I; pf./ m-.. '| ]\r n'inibcf of vci Irn in 
the wlwdi', ;r. I ;'.|. iihifrd l-y hinHrlf, ;nnountrtl t(» 
ihittv llorr tlionl.oi'l njOii Imndi -d. I |r Ii;i:j oiniltr<f, 
in I'm rojTijuilriiion, iij. N.« !»•»! nn, ;i pnrm in two 
buoLsy and in f.ij)]diic vnk, \vbiv.U Uc lAnwY^Ac'X \\\ 



t'.orn us live on iviorai i^]ici))iine» and tne Lx 
Kxploits of J'Vnncis Sfbrtia, in compliment to 
the Sfortiad, which hai been mentioned already 
compofrd. There are nlib Orationes, of which 
in us fjH-nks ratlier unfavourably in this Ciceronian 

I'Ut the only work of Philelphus which I hn^ 
«n o))poitunity of infpeiting,' ia the EpiJtles, of 
thi.s prolilic author, iq the courfe of a long lif 
wriilt-n no fewer than ihiriy-fevrn books. 
Hbound with elonuence, and with fuch literary 
dotes and particular.«(, an cannot but aftbrd umuC 
to ihr curlouii fihc^Iar. Thoupji Morhoif rather 
them, yet Krafinus, a much belter jud{>ei uckuow 
that ilu y K'frnible Cicero. 

I pn lent the reader with an extradl from one of 
felrHed for no other re.ifon than that J happen 
}eadin[>; it At the time 1 am wiitinp;, and that ii 
ra^leri/es the fpirit of the author, and the 
attachment which he bore to books. Cardinal Be 
the patriarch (jf ConQuntinople, had applied to 
definng liim to fell his copy of Homer's Jlia 
which requefl IMiilelphus thus replies, •• That 
•• of Homer's Iliad which the veiy learned The 
** (loza has written out for me, 1 value ib much 
** 1 would not part with it to any man, for all tl; 



to, 13a, MORA I.» &c, 199 

* fore pardon me in thii ontr. tliinp.. If I can grAiif/ 
' you 111 any ihing tUa, ynii may cnnimanil mt*, and 
' Ihall not be Uiruppoiutrd." My |>a|iir will nut ad- 
nit a number of ciiati(in!i| and 1 will tiiricfote content 
nyfetf with rcl'rrring the lover of cle(*ani Laiiniiy and 
itrrary anecdotes to the ori^^inal tollf^tion. 

It ii a circumlUnce which ndda to our furprizr in 
onteinnlating thi:i exanifile of literary indnllry, that 
^hiltflphus wai very muih engaged in wars and in 
mbalnes ; fo true ii it, that tiic greatrll exertioim 
if mind are compatil>le with the nioll adive life. Itiv 
/ritings are not free from faults, from that inaccuraiy 
/hich proceeds from haile ; but he i» Hill a llupendous 
nllance of diligence and excellence. Who but mull 
ament, that, after having done fo much to enlighten a 
lark age, and enjoyed the friendihip of princes and 
lontift'ii, he Aiould die in his cighiy-fecond year i'o 
)0or» that his bed, and the utenfiN i>f hi:i kitrhen, wem 
)bliged to be fold to pay ilie expenceb of hi^i funeral. 
lut few men of real genius luve money ; and of the 
iberality of Philelphuii, the fragment which I have 
nferted is an ample tetliinony. 

1 hope it will not be tedious or difagreeuble to the 
eader, if 1 mention a few linunillances relative to the 
riend and contemporary «)f IMiilelphus, 'i'heodoie 
jaaa^ of whom hi: fpeaksi in hiii etijille, a& h.ivMi:^ 
ranfcribed for him a y/fry fine copy of iloniei's 
Had. 

Theodore Caxa was born nt TheHalonir.!, but re- 
eived a part of his education in lialy. lie was an 
legant writer both in the (ireek and the iiUtin lan- 
guages ; but he dilplayed hib abiliiiea chiefly in tranfla- 
ion i a molt ufeful labour when the Irarued languages 
i^ere impel fi-^ly undi-illDod. lie iraiWlated pari& of 
VriAotle, Tiieophi.illuh, and llippociate&, into J^atin i 
.nd the treaiifi^ of L'iirero on Old Age into (ireek. 
le wrote alfo a treatile on (iruinmar in four bookb, 
which has been greatly lelchrairil. (jierk learning, 
md indeed all anticiit learning, is greatly indebted to 
hiH dilliiiguillu'd rrvivir of it, 'JiicinlDrc Ga'/a. 

Dut he alfo was unfortunate, and adds to the number 
)f thofe whom Trovidenc-c has cxhibiud vu ^\^n^^ 

K 4 >^v^v 



B S S A y s, 



UlMf^ 



_ nJffif virtunni ind afrfvl lit 

toififl in rube*, hoMHin, or »»y ihinf elfa whU 
(•titMdf ihi) N> rid nre nbl' ro krflow. Pnnr G»i 
itdiextfii hit (r3nll«iH>n nixl Commrrxkriri on 
letlc'i Bnk as .Inlmili m Pnpt> Sunn ihr fiivn 
hcjiri nr|irncurin)r f'oi" hit ptifor>»gc i liliU ptni 
fur M* blJ A^r- i'lkc Pnpr g4vr liim anty ft nurfc 
• ftw pic«*« In ii. Riiil ndcmpBninl kU (fift wi 
m^nter, uliTili initmrJ Gum mmtKlodv, ihai i 
Vl< tk(t fiitoar he ftc«iM irreivr. (t*K« rrcaiotd 
Mrncc I Bn.l a* h« t¥tlhr<l hr'mc, i)l Bidmihol) 
indipnani, B'on* ihe bioks r-l' th'* Tibfr, h« ilirci 
fvtfe Inro Ihr irmnn i and fiMn alici «UcJ of (niic 
■fill liiftjijiaifiifflrni. 

] I)«v0 imtriliicpd ihrfe txamplrt with « view lo 
malr ihs /littlvni In iniluHry i nnd ■! ih» Una lini' 
Itiih liim lu fffk >.ii rvMrird in Itit A<*n hsftti. U 
■|>;>rcbailan ot Hnven, in iha prUite fftilir*Aioi 
ftudy ] and 1191 t'l ito[>«nd wo mgch on filiicet, pon 
w papular fkVDttr> 



No. CXXXin. ON THE INIFTICACV 
THAT SIVLU OK ai'EAKINU AND WRIT 
WniCU MAY OS CALLEU MIE FROTHT. 



ON ihf il'Jine of mtietit I'nrninj' nnd Anp 
tsde, iherc nnJe a n'imkr el' rupliilli null 
rlaimm, wha. li> purluii vf mi rNcrllrne* in 
fup<^rlor to iho nntiir.il (rricm of ii beiKf ape, de»l 
into A mi'll rnniemi<llMr nRV/t^iinn. <^>Bi t, i 
ward, Bn4 frivolnai, ai wrre thejr embriliHiinenu, 
paid (htir principal attrntion to i)i«nt( nnd tn 
ncflr^W raliJiiy anil fulillance. 'i hii flylfof wr 
chiirnfifrl>i>t tho dvcline nf a j^iiiiinr and manly 
iiucncr. Ii i), iiulcfd, like ihc hcJlic dHotDrcvnc 
tlie i-riintrnance of an Invalid Tar advanced in « 
futafimn. 

In fcieral drpartmrnti rif mo.lcrn liwrnaw, 
even in oar own ceuituyi ■ Ayle of Hiiiinf Im 



No. 113. MORA L, &c« aoi 

prarrtl wliicli vnv niiuli iffrMnljlfii tlir fophiflicil niul 
decJainnttiiy. liiii 1 kiiDW imi ihai it li:ii licrn ioi'oiHj'i- 
cuous in any of our |)iii>licaii()ii!i, n-i in ilic pdpular 
adiliclli'S lioiii tlii2 pulpit. Srvrr.tl oi lli'* f.tvoiiritf* 
prcJcluTit in titer lapiial, whu fcUloni i'.iil to iill 
every chiirili in which ilicy li.iruiijrur, luul to niiic ihc 
Jary,r)l contiihiiiioiib to th.irity rchouli, h.ivi* pic?- 
iciiu'il the pulilii- with ihfjr i'rrnioii.'i, in orilcr to 
inaki? iho i'Xj>cTin)riii, whether liiai or.itury whirh 
ileli}>htti ihd luWi*r orJer.i in the pulpit, wouM be 
cipialJy well recti veil in iho c lufl-t. Ji was an nti happy 
rxj>eriniciit I'oi the leputaiion I'i the oiauwi; l-i ilicn- 
liardly ever apprareil nioro reinail.ahle lpL*«.inu*iii ol 
florid, frothy, and nirreiiiklon'i rloipjence. ^^ouiulin^', 
braf'*!, and linklinp, cynihah, aru deiciipiioni of* ii truly 
Cinbltrniuticiil. Jf ihnc it any Uvrjineli, ii in u fwcct- 
iirrfN which cloy.*!, and ni:ike.i you lick; il thrrc! {m any 
brightncls, it is 11 brij'htnelN which da/.7jc*:( and ^ive* 
yuu pain; if ihern \n any ynUl, it m noi like the bul- 



lion, but like the leaf, cKjiaitilfd to a Innerfn iei ulnuifl 
impulpable, under the opeiatioii of tncr goldbeatrr. 
Inderd, this fpecies ol ilyli* in very well dci'iribed by 
the (oinmon (;piih'*C of the Imthy ; but, an u nicMnii of' 
fupplyiii}); aliment, or a-i a iniillaut diet, what la a 
f'yllabnb 10 a iirloin f 

Indec-d, alinoll all the popidar jnT.uliera in London 
Jiavc found it ealier to iheiMlelves, and nicie n}*reralde 
to an illilrr.ile and unthinkin}^ audience, to .uldieli ihr 
rar«, lUt: fancy, iind the pi|(liiui'<, lh:in the l.iculiieb ni' 
reafun and jud[',n)ent. If iluir diii ouih'i \wie fiiund tt» 
proiluec any better rii'ei'l on tlicii heaui ., than that of 
iurnii)iin{; an Muiulinteni lor a leiium lulf'-hour, it 
would be wiong to ceniuie ilieni, nieiely liecanie they 
are offeniivi: to a deli' .ile .iiid airfinrd lufle. Jhil llur 
truth is, that ihry exdic (>ii)y iraiiiient ennnioni, 
which, though tiny may l:ill hm^ eiiou^Oi to diavv 
fV4>m the hearer a Ihilliii*', I tr the chiirJiA.ii'deii**. plate 
jil the church door, will !< Mem j'/) hni:>e v. :ih liim, or 
product- an nnittuni iiillie'iK.e on hit peiJori:i! and ((kI^I 
con iUi'l I le I'oe.s to Ikmi .1 line puMLiiii .if. he i'dC) to ;l 
play, l(t> bi' enlei l.iiiied wiieii l.i* h.:^ nntliiut; rile hi ilo ; he 

payi fui his cnicilaiitm< iit ai ilu! iloi'r, tiuJ ^ivc:i luuilcU 

K 5 \\>> 



toa ESSAYS, N 

no farther concern on luch JuWr^V, but lo U 
K>r tt (imiUr vM\r. \\hcn hi* Ihop or warth^ 
c\^uniin);-h\H)(r» ;iir fhuc up. thrv^ugh tSc v<v< 
Cv^mpUn)^ x^hlt (he !a\\$ »nJ cuvK^nu of the coat 
Ic \\\*y be Uivt« ih;ic ihout^h a t«tlc. t'oimcvi 
pure nuslrU of V.ijr<\*r a\u\ Koine. n^*v rrptot 
tivMhy ilvle. yri, rtr,ce it i? fo««vl to enter? 
^ulj^^ir of' A gt^At e;$(>4t4l. rome;iine$ nt'etuU 
n)x\AV9 inniH-encI), it ought not to b< expUMCv 
jH^ihiip* we A»e noi able t\* j:rinu. \\\a\ it vioc* ei 
them either u»cluUv or iuiuveutlv U ceit^iu 
them wror^ iJicA< ot* teli^ton. invt teAche* t 
nc*iMeC^ ;tn\lv'icrpile the vtirn;;:;-on4?e iui'eellion,< of 
Wut It i* one of the pruuip;il oMr0^iou< to thss | 
or ("lothv preAvhinjj. th.*; t; aUuu-s men f:vM 
own p;triih churv'hey. a\\\\ muUkcs them to \iei 
pu!jMt of A moJoil Ai\\\ rvj^uUrlv e\Ui\;»te\l c'e: 
t^r lome noi:v a\u\ MJ. loiv,e ij:!;or,int aws 
Kixi\<ix\ pietenJer. It !c»v;* them f'tom ihehjih 
lun to thoie metror:« Mui \A:vwr>. who'e * 
anvi un\'citiin y^le^m often eoiv;uc^< them '.r:v 
mitrj. rheie axc Ww |\iri«h%-< i» thv* mettvjv*. 

ui'.* ofi^•n nwA \ \ \)\r\: 






•.'\ 



%.ll villi. « «i^ til \\««ki\ «* .a^^k 






tt 111*. • .> V .^i.l» 

• ■ 

t * ■ ■ I * > 

.\.\..ll .;...v I, »«,.l Si . « •, ,» K, 

\ ■ • . . . 

llvl\Nti\.i»%i« «>\ • .\.\i«\t>i\« -v % \, ^ 

ki*»k • ■ ■ ■ 

• ■ » • ' 



N«i. !)]• MORA I«« IcCf 10] 

ohjriH iif liiliiuli*. Aittl Itiall iltitt ti\f%U)ry wliiili u 
fctioiml ftom lilt" liMiint. ntii luily inkd irhrtr, tiui lih u|i 
ItPi hfltttl til itiuiiipli 111 liit^ )iiil)'ii r li ia hill liii|iiiiiii^t^ 

lIlHl HlPtl ol Iriiln jiiiU hy Wff|j|>iii)$ llirn JiPttiln \s\\ri% 
ihry liitil ah iiifidir Itdirtii^uiiii* in it liiunli with all ilio 
Ntrr^liiil UiiL;Ufi|S>* Hinl friiliiiiriiiQ nl m f4l)tiiiii(ililp hiu- 
lioiirot* 'I he rliii|uriu*t wliuh Itrta illUiiitfiitdifil nijuy 
of ihci tnoll Irtvnittiin |iirtiilit*ia, (tiiil wriiMA ii| |iuljiii 

hHlMlt)j;iir«| U ilDl liml (if 'lit Tftiil, ut hs^iiiDllliriira^ itl 
t*Uc*|i)l lull III tltnlr }firf«l llii(llri«ii| lluiiU lUli i l|tli(illa 

1 livlixvt) it will aiipcrti iifiililUiti wiili ictarnti, ilutit 
pifi'illUr ilr^irtt III I'irtvily miuI Iniitliiy, lar rkirnliiig 
tllAi III tUn |(timii« III b4t« ib ifiitniril III jiitiiiiiir (It0 
iiui* riifiti til' |iiil|ui nrrtimy. J'm^UmI lilvinily u iltci 

3fitVf*lt Ijirttrniil mniitl ]iliilul->|>liy« tli'iivtii|( iiiiililinndl 
iuniiy AOti liil'td limit thr ttitllifiiiUiit^ til irvrlrtlicm. 
'i'htf upprrtfitliic* ol (lulll iiltJ liitiplitily i» ilk tiiiiit 

lt«Vi>niiii|$ iiiitftititfiii. 'I'll Apply <(' II (!>'' liiilr min n|' 

rlixltirii'i (tttil lltP |tr(lv ^I4irk i)l mHi ^laliiiii, wuiilil Im 
lik(« |minlilt|$a ill l(4IVtliy tUlil Vltlir^rtlrti (tilntlJa, lliiilci 
C*iiiiHllliMllMiluiillt4<*f '•>• l'Mlil'a( 'rtlllnliul. wlili It tjri iv« 
hII itivir tl(i(tlillrfc llciiii lllrii liiii|i|ciitiiii fyiinnrli|i(tl|.M(m- 
itrill'i Whpti W0 ^;u III iliillilt M^c linpr III lirai liiliitrtiy 
frtlihj Mlul III iririvn itlitiinvi liir lii ul iiiiiiil ciiitj itttiiriU. 

Whcti WF wifli III lit' iiiily ttiuiiic-ii, wd lltitll ir|ictii in ihq 
CI|li»IHMIiit llirjiiipjifl llii-w. 

I will (rtkn iliK lllii'iiy III liitti III ytiiitij* ritiil l4lliiiiii« 

ltklc< 4ivittfA| wliii rtli: lit ).'riiit(il litiillrti Willi llin tnUa 
fflL'rknl l(yliii(lti| ilrliViMV. ituiiiiirii i nlipii ^'iilKiii wtiiiM 
llllltll tlliii'* rililirti, ill iiillfUit nl liiintil i lluya^ III 
wltfti lliny 1.4II /imp f»iM£u,ij*ii , till y vvi'iiM |iir(tili (n |ititii4, 
ll|0)ir|ly III titlliili HI liiri |i|;uii llyli-- n| liulli aiul luiji- 
ilifHi l<Fl llicih hIUi uKt- i(iir« (iQ lilt y will aiilwri ti III 
Jlllll ill Mliiiii' luillir lliry (iftriiil liir |iiil|«ii, mil fo 
li|ci(ti'h itli'inlrjvrii, hill lin' ( ■nlju I j iiiil in In In lulu |l r 
lt\tn III titr iltl|iluy III U wliili IkhmI^ na ul a |iiiii* ItL^rtil | 
ill f4 UtMtliuuU nii^« (ta ul »t itiMulij^ c «uiii|ili'. 



I 



K 6 t\o. v:^^\Nt\N 



No, CXXXI V, od rm «imu> o» tnkiui i. 



B ATA V 1 V mi l\,v.;. .... 1 .««.. i.,«.,-k 
•M. I- .,..,. 

•Mr Kuri :<■ 

tWMKItVi .. . 

t MnkuM»uili»tii»lllafitH>vUK.t. hui 

wihivktIF Vkttkk il^tT PuiflVttKl^ m4 (It* I. 

«h« wiiliHSi ikAK iVi>l^ wfculi [Mwi*-..:-. 

ttv^tmr* U iMf W ^ii»H»iiv>t*J uttftAJt (ini^^i,.. If ..... 

Itwt Mi WfWn tn KUx in. wMwit ODntM-tim « i 

<^«nit «hkh i«4)Jfii U«^vMh)» I n«uM iivx mtv(t* 
«)N>u«sra«n to vWw it ** * nvMtti not, tHil»vJ, m 
1m mittn (««VTtbot in, itiv tHuk* ^m Ki^imui. n am* 
ntuJtru vNiivr »)' LaUu. till Ki« u(U bi> lWm«st, wwi 

Itdt hv, w)>uf)i mint) U *\mtfVx Mwi v>»eJ» <«wpff> 
lH>n8v» |Hj**ii «<« «i'«M» rti j!Mi|^liie Alt |>^nHin«M 
MltttMli, whftti«r«i\)i»»l itr m.hlMii. wilt rvMit* (>)«•• 
fuv null lnifitt\Tinrm in a guMt tWuitH* ir^xn th» wrlit«i|}« 
«r Vinmu*' 'lh«)r hii<i» uittoHy Wu llHtltMl tml]f ky 
itivlnMi «nil (W lhis>tti)ilcHtl iitMin)iit<,>n. Ilut I w«iinty 
t*cf>n\tui'iHl ihrw t« ih« l«*»t til phlKOii|ty, tu nf »l«ttl'< 
ul l>Ar»in|, *% ftiinilhiK)! • •Itilt Ittr iWtt k |M)(Mtt 
^ih I'lvntiial ami hijthlv l»«<iM)v.t. Kritiniui wm t«w 
to cttl(iv»t» iht I (.m >At»..«»»»^, or iho i«t>liwr fwtk 
Cit']«4M infti «it>) I hitvi! I'llni UiiiriiiKl, ihAi h* IkiWtM 
1m\» W*" itiivrivil It.'iii ilii'tp (l>t»vrjr ftiht JHM «1» 

6 Tl« 



'I ]•(' i iil|ii|itir-i, lif Mi<ilii^:iii'» i>f 1- I •iiiiiii-. lilt. I li.it 

liliil III iiilliiilt: ImVj III iiii I tllv iiiM'j iti ill' Itiiili -if 

itiC 1 iiliii liih^it ijm: TIu'^ t\t%i Hill fiiiiiixitl V liM h I 

I iilLM litliilh^, tiii.t iiiltliitMiti J -liiil ,\a till i I) lull mill li 

llrtlt|fM lit i Hi I lllil lll^f iJli: ll;l>' ll •! \%l\ \>itiiii; 1>iM| 

lliuli: Hlr, jii'l llil|i>, Km- luiflj I'lllii III! ijili ll III till. 

liili jmlis. liitliiii v^ L. iiiiilt iii>: .til i'liiliiiio till iii|iil)i>ii 

III ctiUllj lllril III-, ii iii:\.iiii III • t> .- III. . ill ih I. , III 

lllnil^tli V^Ui^ti^^il ttu r^|ilillia ihi ••lii:-ii .ll liti u In: is 

UlitliiH iil|ili:| itn: liisiiUhV m1 Utiiilj v ui il i iiiili iiii«\ ii ui 

|tiu U I ilti 9 I it rt lii'Ki t iltji', \ t 1^ I'll III ti. I III I ili.<ii ., ll.: 

iiftllv* ndiillii.td »\llll jilll till :i 111 till' |itii>(l iiiil III III. it 

l.rttlliil\> I'ii'illii:! rtli: Ilia I'litujiiiij lii I i' i nn li>tt: 1 1 .{ 

Ha til iiiih till t*i'V&« Mill i« itli \ iili.-iiiiit III 1^1, liUiti'iiitt 

|;/i|iii liltii', 4itil lit iilltiliiiiia V^tilili Itiiiii^'ty iii'iii* lltii 

i> I lit II V t'l ll(>' iitiii'i hiHii \% lid ti tli> V *■> I. lii Id: III 'I 

I iiliilirll ill it •' iltihiitii |i| |.iiiiiii'. III I III ll liii: III 11.1 liiiitj 

iiU*l •li''|*|iL>j 1 iti'iiilil liiii liililiiii'- III |ilii« 1' i •iliiiii;. ill 

itu: l4ir(i' I 1-ilo \\\i\\ lll.lilll. lliiii. i . iiiitiiit. ri Ii:.i 

lliliihkf lit tilll ill •ill lii;i ^Viiiiii^:&« hi t\ liii ti ilii: luiiHliv 

III li> inl; {Miti'l^iliil liiil (ii|lit>| hiiil III liJ l.iiidiiii- I li.< 

i.;.t'.**t*ft*»H In nil ii'liiiil iilil»: Ijii'i iiiii ll III |iiili'liii III liiil 

|iti..it|iiiill \ . 

HiJ I'l'iilt- iil I ••)!) I> 't tiiiiit IniiiiiiMiiU liliii:^ (tifl ll' 
tU'i'ta ill' U 1j tiiiititili liti (lit: iiiV>iili\i! I'l'VVii.^^ ill III I'M 
il|f: ^imil |i hti> I'l li» <ililtliii 1 iia il ^niIj wiiiliii, il 1 
lllilttlku llii|| ill llu: tji'ltir tit niu: Wii'ki tul llu- ftliii|l> 
lili:Ut lit lillltli^li iiliil 'ih 1 lliiiliili- MkH', fil \\ liiili liiiiili Ills 
|\'lfe itjililt 4 villi ll lil-liti: lid illttlliil lliitiiv i:ili'lllll .1 , I'lll 
llU ^oiihia lulu llUi: |ti»: iilii I't u |.-i't'ii -r-'iiiilt ii hull ii| 
liiglllii^fej rlilil itilifilitl llu III (ill iilii I ll llhill iiiltllii'l. 
vt'U tiMUlVt'lM'to I't lIlL- Vcihi mill riii[;i\ |lt<i|iiiio, ««l|ii|iill 
4ili(ll>i:il lllltli I \ ilii la IiId III i;Mi'tiihiiii \ •nut |'iiiiittii-|a iil 
lllS4lli tl|)llt' itilit I iiv V Ui-M h^i ll ill' liiiiti I iiiiiiu', lull I 'III 
(vliliMtl lliitUi: till iiju'ii fiiiil liiiiiL^tiil iiiliiili I. II iliu tml 
ll]t« I J inti: ^1 Hllio 111! I liln t ir. V il lilii 

Hltl lliii li|iilllib »•! 1' 1 'ilinii.i i\ill^ |M ilii|i>. In: IkiIii.} 
Hi tlliillltl llm lliliti III ill |>Ii1|m!ii^ V nuli iukU •ilnuli. 
IIIVIll I lid II 411 V III 111' I lit liio «* III I- . 1 III \ 'll' . ii|il> I •!. 

it V41iihI>Ii^ 1 1 1-4 hi I u lit t III iiiiio infill III III ill II 't lii ii i !• :ii 
iiiiil liVi'ly l4li|Jklit^ii« lliiil |i*'ii!ilfilii iiil, iiimI i<i<- I 
Uftlilllkil IhlUlUUtj lllliltli it iliiUi uU \i| \vv\ \\vv\\\ t\\\\c. 



to5 ESSAYS. Na. 134^ 

v^kcn oner we are enf^ag^J in ihc iVrious perufa! of i hem. 
1 hev are %ery numerous. Lmi ihirv are by no meAni a\\ 
which Eralmu5 wroir. Ilr ciunpl^iii:. iniireJ, ot t^rir.^ 
Cibli^i^il 10 \snie to nianv. tlul ihrre uas r.ui j pciiiibi- 
liiy ot (ikini; copies t>t ihrm j11. A jjrrai lii^rr ot* 
knoMleJi^c ut'ihe worlJ, aiul %•{ hunui) naiuir, d? wrj 
a» ot* leiicM iii.J licrrjiv i-h.irjLitcr>, muy be colicctrj 
ito'.n ihrm h\ i\\c .iiirniivr rr.iJrr. 

But, inilrrJ, iii uhjievcr p^n oi hi» voluminouft «^>orLi 
we luin itur jiiriiiicn. mc Cud tiurcely jwuJ che Icnii- 
mcni> ot' ple^iuje aiul lurpn.'e. lie h^s \wii(rn mors 
than m.in\ llui.lc*n(a \\rir e\rr .Mc 10 rraJ. Me Has 
\^riiicii io ew'cUcntly. ihj[ uil ihc IcjrnrJ. evtrpc A 
tcM cn\toi:» CiMiir!npo;.irir:, tiii n his o^n liinra 10 
t'ur*. h4ie unit'iumU CiMiiKlerrJ him at a proJigv. 
Aik) Iti ii tir\cr be fiiri^oitcn. th^i. unJer l*ri-\ iiien«.e. 
he OMCil hi? rJucjlion ah J lubfrqueni iniprovcmriiii 
riiirclv til hin^iclt. lie wu^ ufcJ ill anil nrcIeLtrj in 
his \oiiih. lie aI ouiiJeJ nriihrr in books nor in in- 
llrui:tiM» ; bii{ he pt)iitiicvl a ^rniut anJ a love at let- 
trr*. I r!ore ^ihiih ul) ubiUclo ufujl)\ g)\e uav, hke 
the A!ps 10 an lltinnibal. 

li .ukI- i"r.i[I\ III I ;ii Ui'iulc-r. i:i LiM-.trm; Ij:::.i7 )..% 
I.;i-.£* .. I'l iii'iHiirl :i"nr- . w :.: .. isi- ic-i.i.ciii :.'...: .'.r 
li'c!.[ )\i-- '.I'.c It. .1 nil .t i.:iir;:!t-.. i:..:-. .m.'. i;i «>. !..:..:j;! v 

■ ■ • . 

t. \\\ . Iu;i 111' siii.u! V. ti: I-..; ■•liH Ti. jii:;i;»,v \*.icrr\rr i.c 
\uC\At .. :;ii ..t" V ■ 'Mpi'.Ji, 1.,.. .. . ; .1! I* il ?:.■ \\i'.;. ■. ..* .'.c 

itkiciiu .'1.' .'..■:.*. iic >^'*' -•.!• ..::.:C:v ' .'. Ii\ :.i.i:.> r!.c*- 

Iii.Cj , ..i.-l l.l i. S !;«■ ^\..- j'..! .' .", }i'l ..• '■r' vx..: ..',.x.l 

X. A'.K i'. r , .i.i>> •> II : -'• ([ l<:ii^ .. .«. .1' I: :. !.>>;. , \^ .kii. 'i w i.'k:!».i 
^ :l>i : •% .:v }i.. • >' !> : .: I'.i \ .-Il .1 :.' \. .t..:\ I t.'::icMi|'.u[ti.i;. , w ^% 

Hr .V ..: I : *. ■ . .r..J{ .'[ Iil..:i il ."n- [jiUr. l\ 1*-^ 

kit ' ' • I 

', ', i'>i..'|', ..iKi t. .'.■■... I. *f ii...r 






* * I 
il.... .:.; "I.- '■ '•'■•■ ■■> '• i''"' -^ ■*• ^ M.i- I , iiu.r »:, .tl- 

|i.,..: ;....■ '.' \ l\' ,.. .. !i ^^!it:. t :..'■ l;:j\:'V'. a :;.i .:;'f . I 

r. .1 . i ! I I'l ! :'. .1 .■ ■ I ■ •■■'l \. . » u I. ■ i m .'. . , .;..;' « ..i 

'.I I .. t's .1 1 il I .. t I..'.! I . . .'l,, k. I .. ■ , '■ . I 



t ■ 11 •. . ■. ■ ■ 1 ! 



:.[.'■. ..!..>»'. '■ 

[t ,.s,. .■ \. iVi .. \ ... r ..'. .Ii. I' ... K . [ .. .A .':■• I .». : :.. ^ , 

If i.i • jf- • .'.... I .; I f t.»" , » : 1 1 .1. Jill.- . I !c, I , 

• ■ . ■ 

u..:* < V 1 .•I't ^•' • • ' '• 1 iu\ «MC*t«c , i%i I .a. k..i».w^.) 1.1'' ,< • 



^o. i3{, MORAL. Ac. jo;f 

grimage in ihiti world without rn Ifli.illiL'al iltlit^i or 

tliljiiiiy I he WMt ilefi^iic-il Ha an iultaurr in |Movr, itiuC 

great iiieiic ik it* own rrwanl, aiitl that irin|)nr.il Jil- 

tin^tioiu are allowrii, likr irillr*) hrtir.idi tlm uuiiiir ot 

iiriiveii, to tall inilikriitiiiiatrly on tlir ilr|riviu|; ami ilio 

uiiiltltrrvin|*, thi; Irarnfil anil ihr i^noiani. iMahnuv 

Itati no luiirc ; hut he hail ilic iutriual faiialaitluna of 

|.^eniiib i he hati ^lory, he hud liherly. 

ThDu^h 1 am frnhljle he wani» no aililiiiou to hi^ tinnc« 
And coiild not rcirive any hum my appldule, yet 1 luvo 
ventured to jiay him lhi» liuinlile tiiiiuie, ai ihr nldaiitiu 
ct gratitude iinr the ^rcai and rr|«raifd jdrultiir who h liii 
WUlkft oniits alloidcd me in the rctirrmcni id a tiillr|fe. 



No. CXXXV. ON Tllli lilJUCATlON OV A 

I'RINCU. 



AN opinion has oftm |irevailrd, ili;ti (he ftlutaiidit 
of a firinie ou^^hl to hr toiully ditlnnu Imhii tliut 
of other geiitlffmen, and that any lemaikuMr Ih.iir id' 
learning would dilpiaic him. I Ihall not hrliuic lo 
ftrium, that iliry wnc the en(*mH'ii ul pi nun wliu ad* 
V4nLed fuih an opinittn } fur nothin);, lan i uninliuio 
more eileiMually to ihr ^;rnrial aiitdiiitm <if liir nu)- 
narchital lorni i)t govcininrnt, than in irniln ilir liiit^ 
raiifir and pcrlon (d ilif nnuiuiih ((iiiimipiildr, in un 
fi^e and louniry rnli^'litriictl liKr inu mvn, il u Kiii}» 
were the duly ^M'ttlUniitli uiutdmiird Willi it lilirial rtlu* 
Laiion, Idb kiii{i*)y nflur wtitild invr niily lo aujiiiir-nt 
tlir LOnleillpi, aixl Itnifr ihr iiiiii}.' Iialit >ii III liii pi'iMijr. 
'J hoiiffh he ihnuld 111 uii hi-, llufiir, lui i niiiiilrd liy iii« 
crin^jng t(juiiit-i»i am) hi'i lUiiilin}^ iiiniy ; «iii-l ilinut't& 
he (iiouM nuinlicr ainiiii^ liit- iui'Vhk r-^ iil lu-i r-nijiiir, 

the rr^^innb id ihi' rail and Ilir will ; yrl, in llir ryt ^,ff 
tvery lenlildr and imlr-iii-iiili-nl l|i'-i'l.t(iii , Ini pnlniial 
lilllir|icf& WiiUld he li'iulriiii liltl It'l-:, i>V it ( (Mil tiati (ufl 

with hia hctrdiiary and nlhi id maj'tnlu nn r. 'I'lm 

iaultbol' ihe^crAin would be auiibuvc«.( vu vV\r VvavwvA \\\% 



^9 ESSAY S, No. ijy. 

gOvrrniiicnt ; .ind men of fhr ^jciiicli mo:lrratir>n. if 
ihry wrn: rAfnipi tioin fnyal inHurncf;, vvouM Ucuve :\n 
iiivoldiitai V lt!-,h liM :i rcputilir oi a rrx-niiii-.dii. 

\\vfty Ifirnil ilicirtoir to a rri(Miii):^ l.miily, every 
l>>Vf'.r ot p<)Ittii?il tiaiKpiiliiiy, UuU ol rrf>,u!.ir luhordi- 
iijuion, V. t!l kiiili to aticiurnt the pciloual :h'roiii|»lilh> 
liiriil-: (A tM.'it y^itillt who i'i drltiiinl, at Ifinr liiiuir 
|iriioil, to vvi,-! 1 A ftirptrr. Iff* will i\-r(il!rrt . ih.it i\\c 
iniiid of a |)iii)t-r coinr: Ironi ilir lunii lit nauir, in a 
n itr no Itli niilr tli.'Mi th*: iniiiil ot a prafint ; ami lh.it. 
W il \*i fH}t foinicil iiy f-.uly i uliiic, il imII i.hin hrcoinr 
iniKii I Uili:", iitoir irtr^iM )i y, I'siid iiion- vuitJii'., iindri 
r!:i: iii.iny iitif.tv.'»iii :ildr i iir.iinlliir.t.rit ol an rx.'dlrj If i- 
lii>ii. It wdl l»r rrjdlly ii'Iuv.rd, iti tt u jir/nli ir p'diih, 
tii!.ir'^fin(*iit, UiMNilici.ility, i-. iiv|nirt-d in hirnx.iiou 
to lodk with a n)iii}>irti'-n(i\<* r\r tinottph .dl thr rjiiik. 
vt ioiirty, an) riimiatr tli'- ituc mirrrll'; <d ti.ifidiM, and 
i-t fnaiikiiid at i.ui'r. llty'.U tiir hr.nt and the uiidcr- 
li.indiii^', (d (u( h an oiif, (hould Ijf: rX'MnlL'd lo the: ut- 
Jnull tlr|>itr of |M>!lildr i!d.itt>)n. 

iSiit nil nirdiiitJ (•! (ullmr* ii fniiii 1 lo rniii h ;o frri- 
li.>- r Iti* inn.) til iikii.! , .!.('.:! I. Ml! if i i!« i^i'ii: ' m Vi> S 
II • I lie- 1 1 1.*' I ! ill.' il. '\ |i. .u ■• , J I. "i I ! ■-, flu I I fi I • 
II, I'll. I tiili»ii!v' l»r f III- .'.i r ■! Ill |.M' It *, (ii/il (II ; • 
;i j'l:' I .1 I i> Il il • ill t II'* njn.l * ; \in il I !::• r » I "I I •:. ■ i I 
;i.' -. hrt; rl! i!)It:Iii- I .i: I'l'- in i.l in ''l.fiil li; .» ;i • !.» 
l''iniii.ti V- Nil V. liiniii il f V .( II! . m pi i ■ i.i I'l il .i- I 
(.i".i'it d I'lt.i. l!; •.ill I'' . I :■.!!.!•. I. ifi-i' ■. il, I'.ill 

II • t I'l •'>( in . J'l : III .in III.'* niii I Ihiv . , f ;i ; limi ■ li I .'>•-. : 
1 n; !■ ••! I mv il ■,• I'ln* ■ f ( ;i ■ ,• '<»!'•, I i»'- vr'l fi i v-- \ • • 
ill' n >i III t M>\ 1 1 III '• li-< 1 I t !•' n ii: IK' 1 . i? I II .in! 1 * i -■- . . 
:u i! ii til."'' I" III !i .ni MM •, t .!'• Iwi . ■ I . I.! »'. II ii I . . • 
111. Ill), .j.iiiii;; :.ii- .;i .1 . . it I'. ■'■. 

An II I* I » III II I'I 'ii! I I I ' iinly Ir sm jli- :". i, - ii 

::■: well .i • ttir tno i''i n I ni ' i i;'>- . ; :i:il !i * \vi .! i.> •{ ic 

;»"ilr to I I. il fli''iM ri. • t ■! i ' . .■ i i..i:, I ■ ii n. :■. • J !. • :i 

I t.lii .lily. ^ ' ■ ." 'ii-'ii V I "i . * Hi : 1 1- II ■ ii.Mi i-il .. • 
y i! ■■ \* "n II ^'1 I ■.'■ I. ' ■ >.i '. ' I i !!.i. .: : .; I. • • # 

I J jV jl ■• ' l.M I I •')•.. I. . I V. I'll !l .11 I I !.l ;.. . 

llii- »l .■ . t , nl .» I.l I.l n:il .-. I ;■!■• , . • • ■'■:!■, »• j j i ■■ I : i 

I I I ; 1 1 ' ■ I • > > ' I ■ 1 . ' t ' I . . I . . ' '. ■ I ! I ■ . ■ . - 1 I I i I , i • 

i If Mj<* ji:!('< «■! J.illv''- I'f .li.i.n.ii , l.'i inui i>i' ...i.ti... 1 



[ > 



Mi>. I If. 



MORA L. kc. 



2*', J 



10 hia liiioka aiul papfrafill ilie ivuiritin|{i uml ) wr ul ihe 
rvtfiiiii^i liiiiii ilir ny\i at livr tii iiinrtn ii. 'i It' iii.ti'St 

iit lioiliilir will Liy mil llitilllC 1 lUf lyt (i|llliti1tii' Iti'l.l il 

yiiuii^* niililriiicn, wlm iituvtl, \^ii)i dll (he ii-Miliiv M 
itu'ir DMU (lUKiiic'iii uii'iJiiil >i ihrinic', will iifiiic il. tt 

liiL-y i aillitil liitii* III! ti| |iiil . tiiilly h( iiittiitliii ii..-^ ll.ilil 
ItUc'-i (il ill.' liUiiilitil liy (it itu: lulu 11' Kill}.' i li'ii >• 
|<iiul Itrilltrl itiC lii.ililli I %i LiiiiitUiiiiS 111 Vitllil'i l-i tin' 

iiic-411 iiiut iiiiii.i III Lit iniiirit, I'rtiirril Willi !ii..i i> 
^iilaily« tiiihi (Itr f iMi :> ul rh.i .'.j iia h) itw | '..'• i | : • i 
Ciwciiij (iiiiii tlii- i I ii'i .1 iti.t III >.i-iin)ihiiii ri. t 'i. !.: t n 
uiiil rt'tiiji a I't i 1. lii.liiiii- , 'j liiu'Viliili':>, I I ', . ..!■:. 

ftiul Pltlyl.jli^. I.ii tita r.ii l.i- lulllllirfl:.' •> (•• i: 111' 
l(thUlltt|;cf dit.l Ii iKiilU'liia nl liiCrt) llli>l I i. u «••' lniM « 
iliiJ ilia iii'ilil ililii.lilt il liy llii: cxatllltli'i I'l till' 1 li^ i.iill 
ili»ilit(tc;|a ill ( ill- i-i r fl till P.iillle. 

Wiiy ititiitlil Ilia lii|iriiiiii-iit|ttii(& ti.* In I nil I 11 iH-l (•> 
iullivdtts ill him a lullc Im ilttr lirauuc:.^ nl |.ii.ii\, lii 
lc;a\t; him iiiui'i|UiiihU'J widi lloiini .ml Vntjii' An 
rlcgaiii iitltr, dll huiiiani'/cii ililjiiiiliiiiii, an i nli^'hiuf il 
Uiiilciltdiiilinp, will dili'iii him iiinii; lii tii ilu^ ji-wti.': ni 

Jiis I'liiWn, (11 llu^ liilti-a 111 Ilia ii ml, ilimi. It will }.'Uti 

jiiin an inif i ikiI Innit r ul hapi mi ( i, <tii.l \vill uui li hiiki 

rallid' III li'cL Ilia |ilirtliili'3 III (1 liiiiiKiiit' tiliil ^'iih'liiila 
i'dlllillita ihclli ill lliC illljilil) III j>ulii|i, III llli: i.nlllilM'in rt 

(il luViiiy. A |iiliiir, Willi a ihtini n i ulilvanil, liiull 
|l«:L't:ir«iilly l,iki Ilia i.liic-1 ilili:-li( in liiil* In. 1, iii v ii i , if 

il) uti)riiii I'ly itiiii}-.iiiiiii; i luii lu-, ixlmi.' niiiii iii.uiiling 
\h illiiiiiii.iiUil^ tiiwl lic.kii |iiii:i.(il ly a m In liili ij'liiu . 
U ill i!i It'll I' a (illr w 111. Il li.tj I I . It I lieu niiiiilli » LK.uiu il 
V ill it ill 1 Iciarli'a \ II I p CI I III. 

\\ iiL'll, hy llir- 1 1..]. .-i|.^.lii .ili.iii i.| l.ii Ii! (vM-lvf \ I'iirs, 
a lillii filiil li|i>.ul l>..lr. la jjiil ul iiiiii>iil l>'(iliiiiig, lr( lliR 
Id l(iliii|^ lit' mil I'l III til III I 111- it V > Il ii. ^ lit nil llii: |itti (-• III 

Jlillil.lii KlIi'W U il}>', I .> I lili' \ I ill a ^.ill•ll I l.i|'l> (ill lii'- 

la (if I III' i.^i' !•! ill- ^ r ii| |iM. I fiiil ( .\ > II I \ , Li I iii|itii I'-l 
ill ai •^iiil ill!- I III} i I iiir.ia I t .ill ili: ul> > •'( , \\ iu llii i IM 
lliiiil I'l (Mil, V« lih II liiliiitii.il liiiii, iiit'Li ili>: iiiiili-ii x>t 
a :- III I 1 111 -I , U till I II 'III ill : III I liiil > i>il|i III I a llli (1I11I..I , In.l 

1 1 I II lull nil. hill II t i iiiiili I llli- vOiii 11 nm II ijlid'iii'il liy 

I;. I- li.ii|^liui ut l.iililiMij i.t ilillij>aliii|ij ui il laili- |i|iilii 



•to F. S II A V ti, H| 

fopUy, Titim rilling Ii)< pupii't mind with moraI'Vl 
■nil iflniefP. not x |iull(kHl. vrnvinlinn I'ur clirlfll 

All thit h n {[ciitriil prrpnriiiinii for the port 
purfultt wlikli lirL'iimfi a KIiik i niiil ilirfc «r4 U 
imlltki, 1 me»n lint ilif nirrow Cynem "f « mw( 
[irailiiltintr anil n cunnlnK lUii-diinni but l>>'Ki 
I'riniipii'i orjiilllrf and njuliy i ilic w\(« iriitximt i 
vvtnmini, ai ii i« Inllituivil ror ilii* (IIHuriDi) nf I 
nitr« and vittun imnng iha iniltvidLiAlx <'!' n iiitinn 
not Tor llic cxtEnlinn uf implii, ur tlif Bcciiinillat 
tldlfu^llvt onultittif. Wlmt I iitiiuihtit in a I 
fi'f llixin'liiliiciii'f uf til* fT]\ni^i „l- » .htrntu, I 
■ C'jmj'UfritiniilD rrlciiil (» witldtnl hiintun Diti 
wniilJ nnt, lii'Is'd, rrhr » nrlno frir muNimt nf i 
■TiJ ([iivitrnmfnt in fuA'anJofl' mil (.iruljut, ihi 
and iiiirc<'lin)i d«]ibfr«iort of iiurlHiin* nit wliicti n 
hitiiri mill unilprfUnilinit c»ii liilultivcly iliclilti ' 
hi* own lipnii mill rye*, tn 111* own siiliiilitanMt p 
to tli« pBue i;l' diljitur* , nnJ to ihi vulumca of 11 
llcaiecl hmorr^ 

l'rine» bnv* Utn almoft Hftirflrinlv conAnid In 
ritwi to tli« nirrow fyilvin* uf wormy pulltleiani 
nf )nicrrn>d coiirilrM. I'mII* t;rnndriir hut fnfc 
ihrmlvlvf), mill ilmir luhji-Mt. Nitl'mal [iri>[|>prl 
li««n t<njniiit(id by flMtt a>i>J iriiiittitCdmini-rcH ind 
nui-.. The mornli, ihn hr-nllh, llin rcllKion nf t 
difidimU, Mm i'Uji[jil*r«ili)ni tvliiiih ilu not clall 
■ItPNlJun nf n caliinut, )iiit ira dik-iinM »% Aihji 
dfcluinalloo in llie cliuri h nr in lh« frl.r,n|<. •■ 
•' ii il 10 iiK!." fMit iluuil ihr Wililnm erf thli < 
" whilii hit li)iilltii[> Icnnwi hniv tn fiint-Hnttnd iha 
•' whnther ha lielirvrji in Gud 'ir tlir Vevi\, Ind w\ 
" III hu ktipt fucli )■»« u> I iiflihcr undarflin 
*' vnlutf, ill? Iiiwa of ifliiiv* und chtllliiin dtiiv 
nitiori thill advu'irvt in ili« df viuii« jinihi c( » T»U 
diim, 'ill nn inr'nli-il I'mvultntf, winhnd with rai 
jinrviiimum, vKit> li HI Itll wlilt a uirra. ronli 
ihf< CnnitPn tu ih* 'I'liuniri, Hnd mldiiiwIrdgB ih 
Jfiii viliioiiiin of ■ chiillilliig I'mvidrnK. 

Imnuiniiliuii iriuniidu In tlio pto(yrn «!' n i;nld« 
when rdtik**, and all wlto itia iiun>;«rn«d In tno txi 



*^o. i/t. M n R A Ii, Arr. II f 

pAM^ nr^nvrintitriit, Oinll lir rurly fornirfl in vitfiir», id 
''*4fniiig, ti> hiiiiinini V, 1(1 trlijiinii. I low |iii)i|iVt it li^v 
'uTiilqiii, would it lit • if l'hil<iiii|i|irtq, wlm nir jiilily di 
CfiUni, wiie Kiii^;<)} m Kiii^o, riiilo(ii)tlH'iq t 



>««i 



NOt I XXXVI. INI'IMMMM' rnp V IMMAPKI 
l»N Tlir. AP I ni VV INI INiJ. 



^ I "^ II AT llin ilrdin III !• im« l''«'j?r (m i|q nwil (sil »', 

I io nil nilvnilitKiiM |«:ifii(iii iinl: iiii\\ it In tintmra 

Mi<l to li'* I tfldc'l niii'>it(7 till' irdni'iiuMil^ nl i n ili/Miinii, 

i« nil (•jiltiinii iiiifit)i)Mitlf'i| liv rxpi li' IH (\ ;iiiii ill iM^,:l 

IniylinlH lIlP llfltivp ili|Miilv nl A liilintifij iirytlHr.— 

I'titny mill li'iiiiitn-nt, tin* |iii\vriq nl ilir iniiilfi'i, ninl 

tlir fi-rliii)iq m( (|if> 111 nil. pit. piiliipi, hv ii-i| nif ri|ii:illy 

Mmiii(7 fltMl lull (plililr III ll|i- I mif Imli ni. iii'l tti tin' pn. 

lillii^il tnrinlicr i<l »it i-itiiMiili' •! i iiiihimiuMv. )*riliii|-« 

tlirlr liinilfli jMivvriii umiM ln-ri|ii:illv In f'>i rNriiinn, mihI 

thF'(n|irf)|ipnliti'") pf|ii:itly iiii|Hiiiiiiwitr |ni }m;iIiI|4 Miion. il 

thr \iwnyr wrip iini i fnilhintlv • n^'{i}M<<| in |iii<viilin|i fi>r 

thm MiMfdiiv fiilli'iiniii r, ulinli, \MiliMiil Itiq Mwn iiiti't* 

)"iiitiiiti, M iniiitiidiily (niitiMl in ilm iiliilM((i|ilif-t . 

'lite pupil nf tiFtliiir, iiinln nil lim iit(nilvniiln|',r«« li'^U 
the inijMi!l<* 111 n Ippupq nf liinnty ( iitiofiiv. nn*! Irrlc* 

Id rnliiifrt^lifMt. IIp pnflrflre tlir" fill tilt V i*l inrinni y | 
lie Itiitll, tltt'trfnir, witlmiii iltn m (ip>-iMii>>ii nl liiq uill« 
l^nipmliri- ninny nl tlir iniprrltiniiq im i i\i il hv tlii^ Irtifrq : 
lie )i;iji A pnwrr fif II III I'liMii. ivltii II will II ;ii 11 him lit 
tt^f^m f»nil ilrnw infrirtiif c, u-iilmut il> (1^*11114} ii, fmni 

the ojijpi'lq iif lliq r«prtif|Mi> ;iihI mIiIii V;iI imi. I In 
fi*nU ^iillill lijitili II (ti) itti;i|^iiintiMii. i;i|iili|i III irinllinir 
piifl iilrnq tit pli'.'ifiiip diiii p:>iii. ninl jipi in |ii> ili-li^'liii-il 

I'VliPflllfV, tmvi'ltv, flinl iM.-nnli III . ]■ \ I I V li'iii'>''il I \ - 
filiffii fi| nntiiinl ffi« iiltirq iq mii> mli-i) \^ii)i fnM<^l.u'linii. 
III? frp|q it ftntti tlin iiit|tif<in<'ilil:ili il • < • 1 imitq (if llii* 
niPlltftl pMVriqj lie (;lMllv Mi l< nn\^ Il il^i : It In hi i n|i|'r- 
niAJ in llifl inillJc Otnl l>l inuiii' tlMliiiVnllto Ki H pr:it. 



TO txtrn J, atiiT in prnlnng ti : but iTir ultJrAi wfaicK Ta\i 
under llirnouir rlhliiiwii frafVt, atid U'n itetCuniJ tiu 
prricncr, ute iiiCiiDiiJciti iti iiuinhrr anil impononce to 
r^nify hi< r.iti4cky. Mc it Ird in (:»c{>tir! *hit pntSti 
snionjt hit totththtia, and In liU Urii it laqucBcd l>y 
■lit procrnv co communiratc hb own icm»Ki, ruper>- 
ailJciJ to (fic iiirormxlbn cf hit nncfD'in. 

Such, prolubly. It the origin of Tradiiion i anode 
orronimunicating knowledgv, onro unwerM, and fiill, 
fiTlupi, (ulinitjnK in itic iiewly iliriovrtnl ilUntIt of 
ihf I*;itiric Occiii, on ih« banki oftlii* Senrsal, Bn<l SI 
tlifif.;r.lof lliL- AnJc. Brnfuih liii-flinde wf hi* pUi.. 
inin, ihe paimidi InJtiin Dill rcciiet ili« divine urigis 
el' hit tribt or family, <he wnrliltr afti[<nt of lib bo. 
ctflor, RTiil of hit own prrronal pruwcft. Thr attcnriva 
Builirnce curry nwiy the uW, ind fupply the dtfetU 
af mrmnry by the lid of imig:ioitiun. The dory 
rptndi, time Bivei it ■ {ttilVmn, nntl >■ lafl U ii foUDa 
in conniiuie the mofi authFniic hiltory, however obloir* 
iind labuluui, (iT ihe origin of a nation, urtcr It hM 
cmcr^-cd from baibarifm, and ii become thr feat of trif 
and traniinp. 

In the rarliell and rude[t Hate or liicratiirr, if wff ' 
may give iliai uppcllaiion to the riTorii of the iniel* i 
Ittlunl f,uuliir> where Irttrn nro DnkntiwD, It bfuit 
pfodiiccd ihf moft animaicd, and perlispt oioft perfcA, 
thnugli lean rniiicial, povtry. f lilloric truth ii, lodeed, 
little r^jjardtd, at it ii addrelTrd to reafon rather thai . 
lo fanty 1 but poetic compoli'ion upprart with markaef 
geniu) approAchinji to infpiraiiun. Prom hit meincry^ 
Or hit invention, nr frnni ho'h, the favace it neari Id \ 

tour forth the fong of war, anil lo wirhle ihe notei of 
>*e, warm iviih iliir iVrtiinK'tit) of a feeling hfilrt, and i 
COiiiprnfiiling ihFwant of rrj^nlmiiy and £iacc,.kry lk< \ 
flfcneth and viKcir/ of naiui^l <-)pi'r0icn. 

If we beiifvo the rrpfrmliiUDni ol fr.me WTitert^ 
pormt rt]Ufll in lrnj;ih to "he mtiii cclfhtmed Hpopea* • 
of Circeca and Aiw, l"iv>^ been h^mdrd ditwn, withnal i 
the aid of letirit, from ihe retnutirll nniiijutty to thfl , 
prercni diy ; and jn our own country and timn, irtdi* 
lloRvy talr*, poetic tad profaic, are linown to abuunA 



No. 136. MORAL. Acc. 2ij 

ill that lowed clafi ainon^; uh, wluuiri* vi-t iinaciiu .iiiir«l 

with tlic; rlf*inrnt^ ol' lr.iiiiiii)>. 'I'lu* h-n tut . ( iIk- mi- 
C&f(t*i llii|iiil nutl iiu'urioti's a» iu* in.iv :i|*}m .11 in ilir jkiIIk* 
obfcrver, him IiIh liiiul oi citttTLiiiiiii^', Kiinwlc'iv. ami 
knotVfe how to nilivni ilir vvlnin- cvcmuh;.', \mi!i t If. ol 
fiiriei, ^^iantn, ami inchaiitnicur*-, wliiili jir i>. li.Mtl imi 
thr woi'il of li'ih )iro){rniioi'fi, aiul wliirh lil-. Iit-.trif. rr - 
irive \hilli rijij^il [ilradiir jit<t iiriluiii y, itilrM>hii^> 10 
Ci'iinrinit tliriii to tlir lilih" ^ f nc-i itl(Mi. 

'I'lic rally ap)>(-ai:iiur-, ;iii(l iht- inii-.i-i) Hiy t.f n.i. 
ililioiial liMiniii^i, ('I'lti . ic ril it)Ii(1t iln* (i| ifiiii, ili.il 
ihr li)vr ol kiiuvv Irdy,!* ii .iiiuiii)' tlii'iiill .uid ini|inirii- 
natr ilr-iiii'i iiiliriiiii in ili • liiiii..tii IumM. U ( (it ic 
bclii'viii^* abluitliiVp aikI ailniiiiui* umili :Ji* ; uv fir ji 
iuMi'iii)' (Mil' lit ilir* Ilii^f^M'll i h iia<'tr-nllii s of ii;iiin:il 
iiu'lin.iiiun-., a jtrtuirtK Ij in iir;.>l(il li-.il'iii in |uirhili uf 
|(r.i(ilir.iliitii. 

'riiii uiilnil Ii»Vf* (»f knov. Ir.lj.f \vlii< li ji.jvr ilfr tfl 

t radii ion, Itmii iiiMiid tl iiii,tu\r un-iii-. ivlii. li fujTid ilrii 

ill l^fiui.il iiiif'lliiy. 'ri.K!iii> 11 w.r. liMiii f.it.inl ill |)f .ii- 

It'iitli'tl \\iiti !;i<'i( iiK oiivriwMii 10, aiiil id In* i!.-lrilivc 

iu ii*. mull I r-iifd Il.iii*. A iliiitil.tiiil 11. 1] «.tt.tii( i iuuiM- 

ILiiur-k iiiitl) iiri I'H'.uily I'liiili- (lirtiii)lt 1. (> -itiv- tiiniitu v ; 

Liiii, lic'lMi' llir f\il>. irliilhny h uii tlti* \m .il- 1 r| 1 i>| ili.iC 

lai'iilty, aiiil h(tiii ilii* ^' nci.il nn liii.ii:(..i (i> (-.i.:!".M-i.tie 

uiiil i'inlir*llilli (lir Iiinplii iiy i>l imhIi, lii ■ \-. .mi i-l v. lii- 

ti'ii ll.iiulaiiU I't appral tn, alioiilcil uMiM.mi ('|>|>tij :i,iii. 

lift for iiit)>iiliii(>n. U|)i.;;ii;ii !•. nl ii.. ii:i..<i. .11. il 

l)rrn}.illl III lurini'lV , \^c-ii- imt .ilw.iy. uinl -il in lliMir «-. iiii 

iiiiiJcriOi'k the init.il nt rvniii. .A'liii.uv :iiul iiilinf-l*i 

rf rrprrlf'iit.iiiou \^ r*ic* 1 aii* ; ami ili:* • \\ il iiiili-i v ol rvi ty 

pctiiilf, uiilioiit a llii};!<* t\i rp'iMii, 1., m .t-. tiill jic- 

riijilii, il.ok ami iiiKilint ut ; hull, nuli-.J, .1. m!; lit l,i; 

r.\i>rc*tril limii oial atitliii.ii\. 

The? iti\rM(or 111 iiHMii.i III (u|i;ily titr- iti-li I't. of nx' 
rnory, aiul to )Mc-ilml(- ilu* i ]>)»iiiiiimi ,- 1 1 il-i « Ii, it it 
olivioii!! to (dmlmir, wuuM lir 1 unliil.-n .1 .i*. a p.K.ii 
brnrfaLMor to iiiaiilviml» aiul rliN.idil l>\- il.r- ixuIm'- 
rant {^rHtiludr of a fiulc ai>t*, ;il>ii\r i!i«- i.nik of 
humanity. To 'riirulli, dtr iuvuiioi d li ci-i'; .imcmjr 
ihe Egy|Uiun<i, und (u ihc i-uiu* |mi1i>ii.i<ic, uiiiln- 

lliC 



At AUM of H i« Iffbt fctf^ 

aoun wen ptii i Mn i ^ iw.../ -ir^rt Jalii* 

tbte on prindploi of rssioDf th«i thii of BiocfclMb 
the cttltivfttor ofthotriai, of fllefctfloft dwdwflr 
of ft ftftblf. ^^ 

To cofflfflaokite thrir' d Mijr, tho f nvontiii JW 
literary fynboli fbuad Ic ne Auy to nark Mm ok • 
fcnio fbbftaace fitfci|Ktlbl« of imprffflon or p aiiort at loiiir * 
What that ftbftaoco wm. b a rabjtft of coriova^ Aof ' i 
unimportant anaairy^ Tho original nodi of ioftiib* ; 
ing thi newly dilcovered chara^teri, howerer coodnOodf 
wai probably very imptrfe^l i bttt^ ai it happeiM in oil • 
direoveriei of momentous confcoaencef the idea of kw^ ^ 
once ftartedi wai pnrAied with that gene^l ardoor aw \ 
attention^ which never faili to prodoce agreatsaprofO*', 
ment. The ftonei the palm leaf, the biblot or tiarlK o# ' 
the linden tree* the leaden tableti the papvfoi 



faaared into the charta^ the parehnent, and thi pi^^ . 
lares, refpcAivcly ferved, as progreffive advafle^peof ^ 
Aiftgefiedf or as convenience reqoiredt to receivo tko J 
written locdbrations of the antient poet^ pUlofiqAeri i 

Ic^idtitOTf and hiftorian. 

That mnny of the noblefl efforts of antient gcniuf^ 
though committed to writing on rubllaoces fo frnil as 
the piipyruft, and fo fubjc^l tocrafure as the waxen tah]fC« 
/liould have rcachrd the prefcnt age, is an cvrnt only to 
be accounted for by Aij>poring, that their confpiciioos 
beauties occafioned uncommon vigilance and folicitude 
an their prefervation. 

At a very late period, a TubAance formed of mace- 
rated linen, was found fupcrior in beauty, convenience, 
find duration, and better adnnted to the purpofes of 
literature, than all the prior devices of mechanical in* 
gcnuity. It dcrivrd its name from the flag that grew 
on the banks of the Nile, which, though it in fome 
degree rcfembled, it greatly excelled, rorotts, vet of 
firm contexture, it admitted the infcription of cfiarac* 
ters with a facility, equalled only by the retention with 
which it preferved them. By the eafe with which it si 
procured and infcribcd, it refcued the antient authors 
from thtf pofTibility of oblivion, and may ftridtly be fatd 

to 



No. IJ7. 



MORAL. Sic. 



a»« 



|o \\:\\v fonnrtl thnt moiiumrni imMriliirfllilr ihnn liinfs 
uiiu'lt A trtrbiMird porl piu)*hrlir«l tn Iiiinlrll with a 
iiMtlitlriur, iiilU(trtl .it lrn^;(li Uy thr iUMiinplillimciU 
ul liiN jtiriliClion. 



Ni). CXXXVll. ON Tin: riiUM'MsTANriMi 
wiru'll i.un ro riiif nisrcivruv or riir 

ART OV IMUNTlNfi, WNM M I M' I I.I. .\ N I UU •* 
RI«MAUKS l)N ir. 



TIIK. iMilinrii «>( liiind i iMni', llir iriiiMim i«f 1 tiri i^i) 
Aiul K«un4ii iilci liuir, iu^ dinr ;in iitrhil. mi iiiitii- 
irnt. Ami ;i pltMiin^* riit)ili>v to iniiii\ nl ihnir wtut. in thn 
vUik ii):rs wttiiM rllr ltri\«' )Mni-i| m ihr liitlrh I inritnr 
rl tuon.il)ii trliicinnid l'i\nnpl hum ilir :i\ m .hi«>m« 
ut'i'ivil lilr. iiUMprtMr nf liirim v r\riiion tiiMiilltr \v:nit 
rClMtpli « ft till ttp|ioM\nulir5i nt iin|Mi<\rnM-nl. tiirv lirM-tnl 
|)ir hi'i]i)rnl iMtn v.il-i i>t irli^'iiMi*: iIiiIa , Inilir ii.infuip- 
tion pi (iPlluto wtii'iil (itrv i>|tru liltli- iMiilriilnni). 'I'lip 
Ir^ilr oilur or rt mnrii'pMll \v;r. iii»i »lil.'.iiur«l |»v ilnWp 
^Itii kiU'W iMtl tn iMvnit , lUitl llir \( i itrt-- in ttti* h ii)Mi>* 
hunt \\*'\r ii)l|>iir«l \xi(li ttn rmnl.ttKiit iiir\«,|, m ihp 
Ivaufv AM. I Viiurlv pl tlirii illiiinmnt. »!>•;. |!ir lull liiv I'l 
tiinr iitpv, ;iiui ihr miiiliMi >r i-l llirir pri li>i iiuint r«. 

iUit \vh II tvnv l'-iii I I I r\rM i«»|'v \\;ii in In- li<niirv| 

i*v tlip tinnirdi.iir 1*1 • i.ilU'ti i<l llir ImimI, thr iiinll pri- 

Icvnint; nllulnilv muM rlin'l Imh litili-. 'Dum .ipprnr 

tui| III iiiivr Itrrii wiKirii v. ith (lir t.ipiilitv ol s\ tiuulnii 

troniuihrt . I>IU with i\ l(int;il lliDni'l-.-. m ;i rpint'l rlr- 

yjHiir. rt|tl.|llv nUMHilill.'Ml wkIi • spriliiinn, 'III, V wnp 

itirirlnir i.ur. niiii i «Mil<-<|itriMlv tinii h xmIim-.I. ;n)il w lirii- 

rvrr lt>lil. wnr KtM tit ^ )}ir:il pmr. l''i-\v. imliiil, lint 

vri.)wnrtl ;U)«I initrnl ll^rtll'^ <>i int nipiti;iirj i i>niii)iinitii'.i. 

Hrir rtiilr ((t pMHUir ;\ niiliilin hilln iinl to niriit llir Mp- 

|M'lhliiiti t>( A I lltifll V ; t\\\\\ rvrit I lir luvilliil IiIh :ii h -. ,i(' 

|'»iiui'. MMil ph'Irttrs, wnr liuh, .i*: :ni- nuw r.iiih r\ . 

tn*ilr\l by rvnv piUMtr t ullri'lum. To It pnm. >\tili 

whaicxci ability or iiulumtH*n, wutt at (nir iiinr. :\i\ \x\. 

VvwwwawaAXc 



K S t A T I. 



Uh . ■ 

|>>4< i£......i. ^ 

ttid* arc U-< 
IklttI* tin ir 



■1 

<»IM 






uiL.i) pdcw far i 
't^u'iiMJi, Ami 
e'lfi.1 r<um iW ii 
Jir<ii««ry Mtilill, 
ol III* mi'll ii«p( 



linn of ih* All ut IVimtnj; i 
ikolV Mtof>lf>l ill t^idl hiAiirf, 
Mil oitKlivc canfr>|uc«.cr. 

Tttii it>t «rl) r>n>.1afli(>Bi of lt>* (irvK mtn Iiti> 
injiitli l^r i«i4iitir iipli, w( 4(( IrJ (•> oiixl-tJ* fttii 
r«fcHibl4Rtc t'l iLr itpt 111 ih* wimvn ih4i»J\'tt, 
ili« amiCuD o' ilL'iiii<iJi>ni)i wtiMh wtic id tic (99 
\iy lb* put lu I«iilii4ia ihe J«'«p<iun, «iut iVum tl 
vtntor*! concrilmtni ff l>ii pi<>t'«r>, fo fjir 41 ii> 
ruli-iiiuo of MiirlxriiA er ni*slci by whitS iilaoi 
trtl obfcnrit cauld •rroiini lor iha cittMfitiiiMjF 
lljilieuion nf tk* ir*ii{vti;>u ur ciipiti, 

Bui lb« i»(«il »«> iiwin dawdrt). Tk* ptf* 
f»inbliflc« in ihc ft4|M „f ihii Ibiicm, in ibt |i|m> 
fiuiiihtf iij iIm wrofdi un etrfjT p'gr, llie Cn^qUr 
iMlncA, anJ, abuv* «]|, ilic numiiDui iMfTei n 
i»WM Mlhoft iimlublv l<>l in n tlifcnxix wl lit* 1 
*]'«> coMtkl it. in<ltnl. »jii oti lonser Jriitol, < 
•«p«ritnf« h»<i (»ff^fA<4 the prcii lMCriiiv« lulvani 
•ntl ihc pro'titabilii) 0/ muUiplylng bocilu wiilwKii 
by ihe |iru(rft itfifly invcmril. Ii horn Tp* 
though II Wilt uiit iittviuiii •!( nril. ih«i ih« •t<« 1 
WuulJ b« iiixi* J]ttcrit<li 111 ilic irjiltt, *■ wtll «■ 1 
tn ike ca|>ylllt '■■'' ih>l piiiiicil iMHiki Maulil itni*>i 
/up«'(r>U ibc Hi* al auBufcripii, fiirm « <tii)4ca Ichi 
on juilkciout jinknnt*, '1 h« ail wti foain prwl 
•1 ainiilc, an«l iKc bofinvrt(il'co|iyinE, ti tilth n^tl 
■flvnlaJ Ditly aniulsmfni 11 gun lu ihe cuiitmi 
lb* idle, bn«m« |lu ctnftJitl caiflaymfni an4 fuj 



No. IJ7. MORA K. Lc. tiy 

of a niimeroiu (ritie of aicifaiisi, aiul roiiOituted a ver/ 
lonlliiiirahle lourpr of jncrcaiitili: ailvantiigi\ 

Of an ^^JP^'wU, ilituigli ii had yn aimiiieil Imt 
fjUUBdUglfts (if pcrlei'tiiMi, appeaieii ot nuiit tsxtenliva 
uiilMf Tn Msligioii, ill poliiii'ii, ill liteiacurc, and even 
in conrhierce, iiu lalimir Una hecn f|Micd lo invelligaio 
the hiftnry i hui, unfortuiiacely, ilie eiiijuirLT^ iuiu ihs 
orifiin of aiu, inltigatrd Uy ihe zeal of iniiiiite cu* 
riuftty CO pulh their icli-arihcb too far, often difcover 
them lit rude, ohvioiibj ami iuartifiiial at ihcir iniu- 
reeucementi as to riille^i very little honour on thola 
whom they otieiiiaiioutly exhiliic as this cailiett iiivcn- 
tun. Suih hab heen the rcliilt of the invefligationa 
of thofe who, dhfutialied with the iiunmonly rL'tciveJ 
opiiiioii6 on the ilaie i)f the invention of |irin(inga 

Creieiid to have difrovcreil traic^ of it many year« 
tUnc the tirtl ))roiJii^ti<in nf l''aiiltua, in i-{S7i ttnd it in 
tfut^, (hat (111' Spi'Liiliim .Salu(i:i« and a tew other hoiiktf 
are exiaiii, whuh are, on gnod reahiiib, juiiged to have 
been lUnipt'd, imc uiUxwiTh^uftJufuwti'M, long before 
the err^tinii ol a )iriMa at Mciii/. : laii ihe nitnie in v^hiih 
they w I : re i-xriutrd, liUr ilu: i'liiiiiK', hi'aia Inil littla 
reli-midani'e to the an ul )iiuuiii{^, piiipuily lo railed; 
U apnearii not, liy any hilloiiial iiii:ini>ir, to have fiij^- 
gtlled ihc iiitt hiiit ot it, lOid in im) iiiip«-ilt:i*t to deiene 
itotii'e as even the iiit.ini Hate id ihu aounenituu 
invention. 
National pritle, like the pilde ol' indiviJnalb, u often 
I fuuiided on llii^iit ur dnhinu^ puttenlitni:>. Thn^ havt 
(iermany and ilidland contended, wiih itll the ^vainith 
[ of party, for tite iinaginaiy hiiiiour nt giving hiith \i» 
r tilfl Invrntor of Printing, v^htl, after all, waa prohaldy 
led Ui the dilLOVery, nni hy the enlargc'd vie>\j of 
I puhljc utility, but by liniunaie liu uinltdnica itHuur- 
• ring v^iih the delire of piivalr anil pi*i nuiciry advaniaui^ . 
\ bu( though the hiltory of I'lintiiii^, like all %a\\cr hilto 
: riek, ii in fojne di^giee (jitfi uie aiiil iluwbilul ai ii:> r.ii 
Plieil period, thon^n hii.iltiui}« ha^ budlkil i.| Mcnul. 
I and Harlacni of Culler, a^ the iiiventtu ; yri ia thiir ^iv.,n 
' realhn lo conL-lude, that the t.-^v ai^uiucnt:> ahuiurtl 
in their favour are fupporiud nuly b> ttir^ciy and t.illt:- 
hood: and we may fafely ailcit, with (h« iWiiV^vu^^ vA 
Vol. II. L ^\\\\\~^^ 



uliviiiiy loo well ku\»\vn aiuI riUUIithn) u^ 4Jmil 
tiouitl niulti'4Uou. iiiul i\i)l iluuk hiiiilVU i»ort^ \\\i 
rmp)o\ril ih n\;tkio|> irtiriiiiMu \M) the* liirr^ty 
»uu4l» the) |ui)i(U(t1t AuJ ihtf irli^ioua rtlrCka 
httvi* ifUilml lii>m the iuxcutlon. 

It )». uulrrJ. u(*Hrial)v tiui*. ihdt ihr hiiKMV 
tli<*i'h4iui<t) ^11 f«tli>iiln h\\\ iiHtpiil rut(*i(4uimcut 
luiiu) whuh ia liiuMutrt) with thr libridllu of phJoi 
ctiu) the rlr^4iur olclailu^l liln^tuir. It ohri\ r\ 
IU4UU41 cvirllriur muu*il with tu\h mrctitiu'lA ot 
luritt. 4iul vut)*aii(y ot itunnris, 4.1 uiuvouUM\ itii 
Jil^ul) with 4ilmiirtti\Mi : hut (i^ the iiuth ot thi> 
14I ic*niftik. thr <o\nciN ii( t\ iu^i>r{i|^hy atr a (in 
rxirpiuMi. Mfinv die* i\'aM\lc%l to \\a\c Ubouivi) < 

plt*l»« whole* llliTMIV 4lUl(tlltrt)t.i \\\tulil h:4V(* iliM\ 

»OUi to thr ih:tii ot 4 iMittcilor, U\ thru 4iiho[4 
ihrv illutli4(C\l the* IriiU' m\\\ ipitit \^t thoir 4iithtM' 
Irttri i't whtWr \\lillHl'^ ihrv riulirllilhril Km* thr 
bcAiitituI 4iul 4(i uiali' i(n|MritiiMi^. 

Thr it4iur.\ vl the Al«ii. ot llit^cit 4iul llriir 
ph4lK^, ol riiiii('bii%. (Uul (>t \\\A\\\ inoir who i 
inrih4iiU'4l ini^riuiiiv with pii^liMiuJ ruuliliiH), 
rvci' W rriuciuUrirtl with i\'l)«rO\ 4iul ^*i.iiitui 
(he* vo(4i V i»t 4uiu'ui KfUnuu^ ll.uM«tl\ f,*i U-(i.* 



;. M O R A I«, iVc. t19 

inutilt Gfrmnny frnm hrr Frobfii, Prnnra rinm 
pliAtii, the Nrtlirtlnii'.lii Itnm their I'lnittin, mul 
ul from hfr Crtxtcm. 

-y Invrr (»r nccuiatr fditinn^ look^ bnck with re- 
n thofr timn whrti mi l'.rii(iiiiM ciirrc^lftl what 
Ul printed ( whni, likr th? piiintcr of anti(|nity, 
cr CDCpofeil \m ptnituiUinn to thr nAiTrnyrr, nml 
cl crnfiirf ; nnd whrn thr Iryrinmiitc of' a great 
proviiletl Uy a Hntutr, with a pcnnlf/. fur tho 
nr{\ of piiblirHtinii^. 

f refer, with iinpliiit fltfa'hm''nt, 'M the eailiT 
intiii nf the ntt t(» the ttime Tcent, .' ' ^r to lir 
il with the nirrnw fjiiril c»f t\ typngi.n hit.il 
o } yet the trutli i;, wh.it inderil Y/At to oe rx* 

from the fupriifi le;<rriiii}r nf ihofe who were 
)y mnteined in the protrfc, th'^y fiirpAfii tha 
ptendid eilition^ of Inter titnf*^, in the one jrreiit 
tier of lorre^lnrf^. h in inir, indeed, th;it thn 
14 production of the modem wrifr, appenr^ with 
idniir of paper, nn I hiilli;in''y ni ivp**, unknown 
lificrtith rentniy : And, if (■< ■ work jq written in 
rnniiilnr lflnj;nn};e, hhiI on a fiiiiiilt;ir fultje^t, is 
'4 fiifli* ienily iMrre^. ft in imr, likewile, that 
Nin}; th»* expeiliiinn (d the ;r iLiii, the decree of 
nrfq with whith thr (onnni-n pripein of intrllj. 

flPprnr, it rrAlly wmideilul. And nflnrdq f| 
^ inltuKP huw oMuh inl'illiy cnn rU'r'l, when 
itrd to exettion by the h'*pp ul th it ilMiiid.int 
which onr inoie thin Ath< ni mi Ikvi' nl pnliiical 
Ation (oiinnntty Inp) lif4, Of (mh diipnih, a 
I) would, prrhnpq, have drnjpil thr pnlli ijlity. 
Kfk% of Jcarnin^t, e(peu:>lly wh'it wiiiteii in the 
InnpiiAj^en, me mote (h wly h'rMiflit |.ii|i|, ninl 
mfAOi with ef|iia| pi^rfritKin. Tlir itiill;d: n :iv.i 
nt\ the j^rufi ijMiMi'iiiir, 111 (nup* iiim.|i«ii» tvpci- 
•r^, often fiiillfU'' all t'lr pall IiIwhm mI iMiifi'i^iM 
inttHMiiatni-, u)i<.i h.iv Iniird uiih :iv lilni; i Vf4 m 
'iftti v\ proof lh^Tl1, and in tlie udlatiun nj ma- 
iti. 



J / No. ^\^\\\\\ 



aso 



S S S A T S» 



No* x^tk 



No. CXXWIU. o>f rut morai.^ roi.m- 

CA\.^ ANl> RKMi;iOr« EIFKOrS or TRlNt- 
TNO^ WITM CONCl.lM>!KO -RKMARRS. 



By one ol* ihoJr IauJaMc Artificer h Kich prt.\-«n pn- 
vatr A\ Alice t'rx^m vwithhv'ildiiic {nihUc b«n«lit», the 
Art of minting;; ua$ (K>lrn fr^Mn HAiUcrn^ *\\Ji hrtM^^M W 
0\i*om by yi^rvinic v.\>rrcrtis, Biu whik' \\c «ir Ol^nS•' 
«?ciinj; the iiUu\iuCliou of |Miniir»; into V.nj^iAtui, not t« 
commrmorAtc the nam^^ ot Rouv)iier. 'Vu:no«j, «nii 
Cam on, ^\ho wcic moil inrtni mental to it, wouM h« 
Ajx oir.itiion Ov^iullx ncj»J*.i*cjii a\u\ ungijitci'o). Nor 
0\ouKl the tiibute of' piAiic l>e An\ lon^^rr v^ithhcl«l hy 
ncgl(v\ tViViu rn.I Tipcof't :tnd rjii] River:(« v^ho, At thu 
pcriovl, wcrr iriUMeu a\sJ pAt:on> of" leAtnini^ in our 
own count!}, ^r^iwho conttibuteJ to m AvivAnoemeKV* 
in iiiiitfMion of their conienijvuiy. Tins the I'econ^ i* 
luly, both bv their miininoencr niu! e\ Ample. 

The 1:101 rtiv .iv^.vjir.{;jocs Jcmr*; f'lom ihr ir.\e«l:i'« 
A:r iv^ ^^l'*\iou^. th.;( tv^ por.-.t ih<*m on; wiiS .;Vi tSc tor- 

^^.iis himu'lt inc<u-:;ev! in she *onf%*.'^v.r\uf ^ i<*:;r..:-.-c 
{:om ihi* mc*'h.Anu.;! mov'.r ot ir.r.IiiplN iiu* the »0'o:o> »*t 
boo'N<. To ihis i;;iu.\ I'.o .\ini!Mitr> (h.;i * h.\poc* in tV 
m.;nnris 4n*l irntar.**nt> n\ h;\h \\,\s tr.lvrn p'.iivr \\iiN;n 
U\c uU<M"' of A i\»uv'.M- iM (WO, ;ir.i w luv h vArno; 
rtvApr c\c\\ 1iip%*'..ftvnl oImc! \ .uiot\. riu*.o?\^pS\ . on**' 
piricixfi! an'.or.j\ .1 iluMc*i\ fr\\ , uith th** i;*'. fv'^i.ri* »>( 
jn Alc\;;n»^*i . w ho !i*pnni;uuK\i V-.i.KmIc Um »-'^ *-'};i".\^ 
thr irxMCls of iiioiuT. h.i> v.ow iiittru'll n> \;'t-.i:<*iue **rt 
thr mc;u\ .i> well .\> iSr iV.r.\;. thr j'/.\ A\^^\ \\\c f\js s* 
well A> ihr lo^rie :\v.A ih:o.\oiv^. ihr mouhsnt .-^n^i the 
m.uuit.iChMri as well rt> thr lOPirmpLunc piofcuor, 
r.uuphlrts jn*l n\.*invn:>. imi r\ci\ Uibw-Cl of huniAn cn- 
qitiiN. Air i'lu'nl.ucii Im \\w .;iu«!viou.n ti.uln At a imA*l 
psivi*. .uuoni* the 'lOWi'il i.jskn of jhr io:niuanij\ . the 
»Mv*;rij;l p.iil of' whom \\a\c been fi:iiu\hv\l wiih ihe 
-ioiii:) of ic.ulin]^ b\ an clcemoiyn.iiv Cvlucation. A 



^ 



1. 



. ijB. M O R A L« fte. ' 2a i 

\nre of letters, which was pnee rare» and rormed a 
ling charader, has pervadeij the maftt of* the people, 

in a free country like our own, where it is not 
eked in its operation by political rellraints, has pro- 
ed remarkable effrds on the general fyllem of mora- 
Much good has refiilted from ic : happy, if it 
. not been mixed with that charaflerifHc alloy of 
nan hapninefs, much evil. Learning* thus commu- 
ned to tne vulgar, has taught the fuvnge fcrocitv of 
fi ignorance to ^ield to gentlenefs and humanity; 
it has alfo fuperinduced a general indolence, refine- 
nt, and falfe delicacy. Jc has been the means of 
ibiting, to the bell advantage, the image of virtue 
ler natural beauty ; but ic has alfo held up co view 

meretricious charms of vice in the falfe ornaments 
eradded by a corrupt imagination. It has been a 
idy light to lighten men in the path of truth; but 
i«s alfo been an ignis fat uus leading thrm into the 
zes of error, and pluu}>iiig iliem ac lait inio the 
iths of miferv. If it has often tempted us to boafl of 
ng in an enlightened age, it has no lefs frequently 
uccd us to regret the old times of ignorant, hut 
ocent fimplicity. If we fometimes loolc back with 
lixture of fcorn and pity on the unlettered ages that 
ceded us ; we alfo fometimes con fefs ourfelvrs ready 
renounce the pride of fuperior knowledge for the 
d happinefs of that national probity, which, though 
nay not have receded, has not krpt pace with our 
grefs in fcientific improvement. Here, however, the 
maxim will be fuggefted to every one, that a good 
ument againll the ufe of a thing, cannot be drawn 
m iti abufe. It will at the fume time be remem- 
ed, that the prefent times are ever feen through the 
acious mediums of prejudice and paflion ; and that 
'cenfures of the fatind muy not arife from real 
reneracy, but that common pioprnfity which ha?;, 
ill ages, given rife to invectives againll the prevailing 
nners. If it is true, that improvement in knowledge 
I natural and laudable ohjcfCt of human defires, the 
re general that improvcmcnf, the happier and mora 
'feet is human nature, and tlie more cllimable that 
from which it u principally derived. 

L 3. ^>\x. 



I I • il r*^« '.No. Hit. 



II I W norid H ilMfrvte 

cniBM jM; na ult A«e nic wiih ill 

ihty CM tmfeork i i ■ li to Joutit of d 

b^t bnwfabi tiK o< , wbeO ji«l)^menli|4> 
wAm by liberal nUan, »tti wbofe I'nit.mrntf^ 
■ndtpnm by fiDumabU dinpaiifti. lltforr ib«KI 
trodsAiaii of pflntlng, the &M$»t, »h(i ■rvoU§i at 
tilt idn of Isnguilliisg in tb« Omh of Mot-ktty. hid 
fewctlj inr Ccop* for hii induArv ^lul i«]biiii, Iwi 
in lb* pacriu pt^Icxidei of ■ fiefcoHnii: pliil<)fo|>hy, it 
little wlaptfd 10 call fonb (be vlrtMi of tttr >i<^jri, w 
to promote vAlutbU knowlodget but fmtt tbbi lm> 
jierMnt an Id tbe mmI* of leirnlns^ cvrry iniltviduali 
even the poereft of the MuAi* u^n, hu bttn cubM 
10 obtain, without diOcalty, ibo werki of ihorejmr 
BMllin in praAical ind fpw adra ciliici, the Gmii 
Md Roman philolbphtrf, fi Uu^ht by iho fini 

inftroAoira wha fmtaii I XeB«i>boa and a Sdpio, and 
can bdd converA, in tbe n ementi of hi* «hukb«ri 
wiih the calebrited fagn of Mtlqnity, wjih nirarly tba i 
(ame idtintagiti «'. irhe »&a»Uy (ilwh li .'^ticrinci tieiiaiili 
ihe (Ipde of'rhe j.lai.e-trr«, witlted wlih fUto U 
(he I.yctum, or sLiomji^nicd Citcrb lu hit Tufctlia 
villa. 

Whatever Miidi to difl'uf* new light on iho «nd*r> 
Aanilirt{;« r>r a whole people, or ii tflr^l a ihann la 
the ueneral lyltem of matmcrt, Crjiin ;>fuducet a fimilir 
revoluiiun in ihcir pttUiiLal iliarafkr. Aiiy fiiltri«r 
which, whr-ii Cc ti i)irouj-h the tuiAt ui iyuinhnee, wtti 
(uppoiei til lit rc:itiiiei, vaniJliird it ihr lii,'h( of tcttnioii 
ai the inchuntm'^ni it difliilvcd by iht uprtnmm of IM 
.Tfllirinan. '1 he fun <if fcience iiii>lr, the ptofpeA 
cleared trtiartd, and they whn had lluidilcrrJ at ika 
ideal phnntumt of the niKhti vcniu,'-J to walk forth 
and evamine every ohjc^t that folicitcil uttcmlon. Thi 

Crejudicet on the fuhjcjl of civil govcinmcM. fatmti 
y i|[tiirance and foflered hy ihe puTiKy i.f power, whan 
ante ihe art of prindn]; had mulil|-licd boi'lu, and 
reufed ihe fpiflt of t(ii|iiiry, Wii jMivr way to ibt 
diAaiei of iiillruded rckion. The r<.iii<r«l right* of 
Bianklud became well undcrflood, (i^c Uw of natioat 
wai 



I^fl. 



MORA I.. 



Af. 



»H 



aKcililrit (II, i||||i|iiic nlii'.lir-ui e w Ab lirillicil r«- 
l1 till l)i4j (ilii^ )idil wtili itic l.uiif- lii'iMii a.i tii'fiiir, 
p.itil iMi itti^ lillir'i Willi i'i|ii.il liMiitiy, Wliitl I'l- 
u'll 1)1 llir |i-u>l:tl iiiillliilitiiia iiiitlil iiiii Itiiio fiihlilt, 

II iiiDic: lili<;ial iiU It? Ill ilu iii.tfi (•[li.lity nl iit-iii 

I u-rjct itilliittiil liuiii liiii'k), (iitil \' licii it ^ii'«ii 
re: til ili^MiKy uinl |iimm i i\ tia iiH .luialilt*, Imt tiiily 
bilth dllil lit tir.t, l-iil tiV ikitir lift II V Ctniitr in i . 
I lUlhiu'tmli 111 \ .ilicil i.iiil I iilil l.-i u tiali'il Cii I'lt 
JUly diiic; HI llii' iiitil-.liiiUity, wtuii ilM ii Wiic Jul liy 
ealtf Vk-\l\\ wliitti li>iiili& Willi! |itiiiiii>.l. III rtljiiir 
r ihcs Itiie Hiia, |iliil>iiii|ilf , dill f litiliiiKti. iSiuU 
i«l illluldil M iliiliU! (ijt IK iiiliiy 111 l|iiiil, ^^llUll li.iiill> 

n |)i&y Au tttijivU liiiiti.i|fc{ lit i|*tiiiiitii( ii|iiili'iii«^. l^'- 

nt OpulctlK'Cf, iiiitci'il, iiiiilil ilnl lUctiillitliii til rVi'il 
i by (nice, lUal tllllv Vftlualilc: irl|iriM wllllll )» 
niUy ilutf» ttllil 1 tiei'iliilly |iiti.l. 111 pciliiluil ill^*iil(\ . 
I, hy I'rMiliil^j Mrtci Inl Ul |..-:ltr.'t, ciinl tiy ir|l.:.'tfii 
Werciit, lllht ill y IluI timi iiinKi im tiiiii ivtirii 

Itiuktiil up (i) itirlr UOVCJIH114 At III u lti|>ijiiii (>iilri 
IringA i liut ai i\\a Irttiic llilir itu-y li.itn.il lIu* ti[i)i' 

Is ttf living tlllilui it V\oll M[.'ltliUCii •tilillillilli.il, 

iluty til' tilirilii 111 cs ill itfliiiii tiij |iiiii< I'liiiii^ .tiiil itic; 
,ii4l iirLtrflJCy ul rulkiMiUndiiiiu. llii(.ii\, iiii.l (ica 
ill piiliiitb, liigitelliul jiill ii<i(iiiii4 111 I Mil III. it'iy, 
M Icfiilr til c?ji())0irtc?iiiy iiitiiliiiiSil al liii^iti ilitti vii 
ctry tii«|llicilieiii-c! whit II Wda tinrc: c'trfi'icil liy pir- 
Liila Ci) iliviilC li|{hl. 111 iiy Ctic: iilimriildlc: lii{ii)i.)- 

I Lil duihuiiiy. The; lull nl lUHiiiiiliiii wtiutt ilil 

0il ()ir ImIII icijill III ttttf lulli'll diul Ullli:t(c:|(-il l)ldUl, 
lUiirc^ilcliI, ill (lie nilighlrlint litlhi i nl tlia |)c ii|llr» 

Ipiiii ill hciirviiltfiuc ttllil plii!tilii|iltii.cil iinuii ifiiimi. 
i |ii)Wcir, whiili Wfna iHur platttl uii tlir Uiiily Ittuii- 
)|1 nl pnpillai plrjiiiliri: rtiltl KmI. wiini lliiilt^ liaia 
prrJiiiUiCti wcin ililli|iiiti-il hy lin: ililiiiiiliiinii^ 
iiVtl fill rltrtliliiliiiitiK nil itict licilia til lealtiiK 
IcC 11 Lid ijirriUctl itiji: Ipri illtiliiiii (U itlilitlillc: lIlL'li; 
dl) iiuilcti|iic'iti'rti U\ (lir iii\ tiitiiiii til |iiiit(iiij*, liiiiis 

III ^vtu) dllc^iiiivi-lv t «)iilitlt-|3 .ill lis liiiinlr (ta \Vi'U 

tuiiiiciic: cJllLuMa, ii vsill (tji)ii III (iil!^ <itli .|iiait! Ill then 

UCtloil. Wllcitl dtl laiiLa nl |u ii|ilc! im <i rililLjcil 

ciublcj (0 i;kcu v\tih viguiti ihi: UtuUy u( A«.cai'au 

1. 4 4\\\- 



•'H.1 



^kt K S S A Y S. No. 

•nd Cfm pre hrn live lhoi){(til, whirti had oply Uin 
mm for want of opportuniiy, the tSeCt on ike mom 
anil poliiical worU mui) be u (lnkiuj>, as thit wlutk 
tike* place in the ptiyiicii), at (he niaia of ^»j tfttr 
niyht, and fprinjt "It*' ivinier. 

Thu) ha* lAuitu) Hiid Mean, b> an att inrcnttd 
anil exemifed wiih view) of private emolnmcnt. oltH 
aiately coniribuied more to ihe empire), and canted 
jBore important events in their hiftor>-, than alt iha 
eBbitx »l tiic tciiowned eon<]ueror> and lawgivcrt of 
antiquity. Th>t the fame art which has piodaccd thela 
Alutar^ confequencei, hai alfo been the nieAni of tn- 
COtira^tnj; Itceniioufnefi. of animatine feJiiion. and 
Jiindlin); the fljiiici of civil war, h to be attiibuicd to 
that lamentable condition of homan aSain which it ot>- 
fcrved to counter balance every good, with a ptoportira 
ofcoocotuiunlevil. 

To the Art of Printing, however, it ii ncknowtcdMd. 
w« owe ihe reformation. It ha) been juHly temar&tdt 
that if the honk) of Luther had b«CB multiplied oaljr 
by the flow procef) of the haod-wrilinf, they mufl hare 
been few, niiJ would have been eafily luppieflid by (he 
ccmliiniiion of weillli and power: but, j.'Ourcd foilh 
in abundance from the prel'i, they fprcad over ib< 
land with the rapidity of an inondatiun, which acquirM 
•ddiiional force from the eftbtis ufed lo obfttutt iH 
■profirefs. He who undertook to prevent the difwrriion 
of the book* ooceifl'ued from the prel's atlrmpted ainlk 
no lefs arduou) than the deArufiion of the Hydra. Ite- 
fiflance v.-xi vain, and relivion wag rclurmed : aud w« 
who are chirHy imereftej io ihis happy rcvolulioa 
mull remcmbrr, amidft the prnife) bellowed on Luihen 
that hts endeavour) had beeil incifletiual, una^licd bjr 
■heinventionof Faudui. 

How greatly the caufe of reli|;ion has been pronottd 
by the art. muft appear when it it confidrred. that ii 
Itai placed ihofe facred books in the hand of every 
iDdividual, which, befides that ihey were once locked 
up in a dead language, could not be procured without 
great dilficuliy. The numernut eommenia oo theia of 
eicry kind, which tend to promote pietv, and to form 
tke Chnllikn fhilofopheri would probaol}- never hav« 



No, i5t. W O RT A L, Ac. ta; 

)een comnorrii. ami ceriuinly would not liivf eMMul- 
til thi'ir iienrhi'iHl iiillucfnit', if iv|)i))*iMpliv li>id Hill 
ireti uukiiuwn. Hy llui urt, ilii; Iigiit, wliii li ik in 
lludiiiiHtis a claitv wtNKI,.lmb iiccH plaicl in u iiciutiiiit 
more aJvanugroiu lo the emilUun iit iu ravb • luii 
It ii liak bctfa this initaiu of illuKraiing the AufUuxtsk, 
iiiil interring ilit: lua^lui: uf religion, ii liu» alio, |)ui 
ricularly ill ilia preieiti agif, ftrurk ai iha root ot 
pitfty and luoral viriutr, hy prnnagiiiing upiiiloiu favour 
ible to lh0 f'Lit|Uii: ami ilia volupluary. 1( lia^ enablal 
nodern anthom wantonly to graiify iiiifir avarirai fht*ir 
^anityj and tluir niUaittliiopy, in difli:niiiuiing novrl 
fyllemtt rubverlivt: at the dignity un>l lu|i|iiiu^l» id* hu- 
man nature: but ilidu^h thr lu^rvcilinn nt ilitr uit i^ U- 
mentably reuiiukiible in tliod; vfiilume» whiih illiici, wnh 
nft'enfivcs protiiAon, troni the vain, thi: witkcil, and the 
hungry, yec thi»good lelulitt Iroin thr evil, ihiii a^ tiuih 
itt Qi'udt and will prevail, llie mull derivt- trrlh lultu*, bv 
ilif)daying the rujieiiiJiiiy ui her Iticiigih in the lunilict 
with fttjdiiltry. 

'i'hna (he Art of Printing, in whatever light it !» 
viewi'd, hub dc^lcrved ii:fjit'^t and itiiriiiion. From the 
ingi-iiiiiiy ut the: idntriwiiht r, ii haa i-vn r^iinil inrcha 
uiiiil i'iiiii)lity i finni iia nitinutu OMiiifiMiun with ItMrn- 
iiig, it hub jullly rluinit^ii hilloritiil iiiniti' ; und tnmi 
iia i:\iitiilive inllunin: nil iniiruliiy, liulidib. and n; 
liginn, it 14 now bcitmii: a liilijk:il ui very iin|turi4nL 
t'|)i'iuUiitn). 

Hill hiHviiver we may ftfliiituir inankind on the in- 
Vi'niimi, (hne arr |)ittiu|)& llmli^ wim wilh, that, 
togc'tlur with i(b iiim|)iiiiiui an ol niauiil.tMuiing gun- 
nnwdcr, ii had ntii yri Iti'rn binuj^hi in light. Of it« 
eltiu''t-*i iMi liii'iaiiirr, tlu.y alkit, ih:it 11 h't^ iiuii-ali'd 
the iiiutil'Ct til luHikb, (ill ilii-y ililhiti't, lailuT llun 
iinjiluvc: iht* llilliil i ami tt\ lU iiiftiljMi.iiil iiilliiL.-iiLc: itu 
llliiiali, till y I Diitiiliiiii, lli.ii ii iiti:} iillcii iiiliiiiliiii'it a l.illi; 
rctint'inL^iiit imciuii niiili: ^vitti iht- iiiii|ilii iiy ut jiiiiiiiiivi: 
pi< ty aiiil (•('iiuiiiC iniur. Willi mI|<i->'1 iu lib liiciaiy 

ill i iilileijiU'iiiCi il lit. IV lii' l.ihi, ill II lliiMi^fli il |)itiill|i I ii 
til the WillM itil ililliilh* ItUUlli I III W>ll itlil'la Itillllhcf 

liiin-t, yft iMii; vvti iiii.l lull- I .iHi|i<iiii i.Mi ivill ilill ii'itiit 
thbU i.dii>\, aii.l il \>iU III- ..il i-.ii\ i.ill. I.<i I liiii al dil- 



iici ESSAYS^ No. i.;9. 

cciniiirnt u> \c\ci\ ihc^r from \\\c funvunJinji maiV of' 
nlMuulity: aiul thouyih. \\\i\\ \c\Yci\ lo ics womI ofl"v\'U, 
a ifjj^ini 10 tiiiih cMoiiy the ivntVrtion. th.u ii ha* 
thfliiic*! inunoinlitv a\\\\ iiiolir.ion. iiivul|ir*l \\iih cir.cl 
imp«-ttinnuc the UMCts *•< jmIxaic htc. :uu1 JpM\id the 
Irtlc ot" (\-.inJ.\l 1 bio II eh nn cuijmio : \vt Cacw axc <\\U 
which will cuhcr iliiii^L ;;\\ay iinol^rrncJ in ihr 
liiumphs I'f linu' .\v,\\ (uu*\ o\im f.iluh*vvl, oi. ¥khiih 
ixKiv, nj nnv limr, \c \\\yY\\'i\\\\ h\ Ki;nlau\c iwtcr- 
jM^hiion. 

' riu* /./»•' V /'*/.*, " • , . i > ;; ill M V- \ V. 1 \o W ( ou \ ^c J 
ii)HM), I'ui wivh a (umMipy; (aiuumu Txriv tluocni nuiil 
ai'hiM i!u' ihouj*lu ol r:ri\irj; \hc tiiln'.n.il o( .1 iUp- 
(h.MuNi m ihc i<*|miM;v" if lottrrs; c\oi\ Ioum ot his 
viMiiidx \v\\\\ irjcOl wlih oMtiAJn iho ptopo»;»l t\l 
iilvMun J'. I ho \iMvr of Uiiili In il'c uu'n.uo ot .uuhoiiix . 
I'ur, iw ihr i.imr lin^c. <\v*'\ uuc !lUMu^ to Ir.niMrji 
R\y\\ m:)Mkir.J, who, fur (rrm ihr \-n'ihnii;tiin of p/ii.x, 

lMK\'lll;n>lls \\\x".\ If. '.I IM'.vUil. Wv'l'lvl K|OUr 10 Ul' 

Th<* \lnv when ihr ;'.*i\ .-;»'. t.'i'os of thf I ilvnv of l^C 
VMi-i iliall br »r.:»llo\rtl wnh vhoif i\ns of r.v l»vcrt» 
riiirifN ; wi»uh. \\i\h«vt i\'nu' o\pi**hrnt of »orr.'n\ 

will yx'\ •«!, .•■. \ IT. ■•' i'*'** .■■■'. iM\ vv«i- !•.",'. 

■ I • * \ \ • m^ 

I I 

\\',,'i \ \\ \\ • '.'. ;\ . uj'' iM V • ! »* '.;;'..:■»■»■,■ .:'' ■■■ \ :n .1 
f : , ,■ t »M"i-.n \ . w'lli ..'i i'...' \ ■• '•.«'.»! **( I,' .;!»•»• \- II*:" 
ljv»'lun. i\'.\'P. w'.V »'!.»^ j- ,,.,■■ I !> ii|«;vMi ;!•.»• j' »-,-'i 
( \ ; . I /:v" r .it i'.' » *. i'»1 » \ .» ■.' I I . \\ .*■» .' : •..,»■■,.■..% i'\ 
r\js; ■» r* I*. j.*.;I»i ■,lun -.rv i--, v'-»' !• \'y\ »>. » ',-.. .- 
t\.!!iuipv. \\l-i*!i n \ )'»■.■!•!» \ •'■.iwv I'h i'» !•.■•. ii jI 

r','..'< jM I'j-.'u «l. ll i.\M ■,:•.»■ i.iM, ■.';• u". » .; i- *' t'f '. 1%* 

I* »^ I ■I'll 

■»«v ^^. .'^ \; ;*, ; V i . * m ii-v. •.,*.■ ;\ ,,!v.v". i ^. ! ; 

i.'.'-,i\ii \{ :'.\«t\. IV .\ 1. <'\\»' i"\* t '. M :^ f I'.ii i 1*\ 

fi ■»■.,!. 1 it' « . . .-.r... ji ■"■;•.•,.' »-\ li • 51, '..•■;•' . \ 

v*>,' .I'i »• *{ ■;■.■.. {• .» » •'»• .; .■ »M \' 'll %■■■»■. \^ '■ . 

w ■ i' "^ ".'»■■ J ■.!»»« «l I \* i i ■% »*».■.•. : » I i' . . » . I . 1 ; .» , , • \ 1 * ,'i » . \ 

V*un;. 1\. ■ *iM 1 1 ^ \.* ;.;■•. '. . . ; , u ,■ ;v \ »-. 

r J.'.! , . n.i : »M V ;; »•.' rw 1 .■.• . ■•.■'» ;,^ . . \« ' > 

I ' • I ■ : • \ \ I " ' ■ I ! : » 1 " 1 n ' i r. ' % if ] , . ' , V I ' 11 } ' • ' 

I * t * * 

ii«l ll\\ t. Ill K\ .\> ■••■■V ■! ' .1 .11 -I . «t 

I • 

II I ■ I \ I 



Vo. 159. MORA L, &e. 2>/ 

charofore fnili of producing a mnli^^nantrfTcft. Avaricr 
will ceafe to puuliihi when iiirii arc t o wi(e to pur* 
chftfe ; fftdlion hiuI vanity will be liirnt, whrn ihry no 
longer And An nudirnce : hut prnul und ('i;i*riive incu- 
furea art known to givct wrij^lu to tlir nonlciirc of frdi- 
tion and impiety, by iilarmini; that .KU'ntiou whiili it 
could not otnerwil'c rxciiCi and tooccuiUm the cvili in- 
tended to be obviated j ua ilic inrana ufcd to cxtinguilU 
a ilame rometimet iucreair m violence. 

But referring the diirulliou of thii compliiMted fub- 

itti to lottidtttivewiidom, wc may venture to cxptefN an 
u>neft wifh without danger of preCuinption ; and luirly 
all the good and enliglitenrd part of mankind will fym* 
pathi'/.e in the defire, 'IMiut the time inuy not be dilUnt^ 
when the quulitien of the heart Ihall br lullivuted with 
the fame general ardour at tJie powcra ot the undrrilaiul- 
ing I when the affci'lation ot lingulariiy. and the lovr 
ol money, fhall no longer nuiliiply tiraiircs tending tu 
teach thd people a fallc jiliilolophy, an nioneoui belief* 
ur u factious conduct ; whrn ih:* An of Sliming lliall ikj 
more be perverted to embellilh vice uuii juUify tollvi 
but operating in the ncct)nip!iilnneii( ol iik proper piirpo- 
fcfl, at once promoir the iuirirll, wliiih i.iniiot iiulrnl 
without natural violence be icpaiate, ol luund Icaiuini; 
and unaifck'ted virtue. 



No% CXXXIX. I'URhOKv riioiuuiTii or* 

SA'nUl^ AN1> .SATlKtSTS. 



TIJ K pood reccpilt>n vvliiili iliat fpedcs orportrvt 
called Satiir, lia.i loinnionly nn-t vvlili in iho 
world, iii perhapi ovviiiji to (ontr (rtrpudtiMHb in ti.o 
human nature not the moll ;iiiil.iMr*. li drrlvi-i iu*i 
Iti power of plealiu]*, like oilifi poriM', fioiu i(% ('iri'i.'l« 
f>n the imagination. It laifr , no c luli.uuii^', ptof^iri'tf- ; 
it i« not nc-ccU'arily t*niplt>\i->l in iii(u>ii. A Ijuiii nl' 
indignation is iti ellcnii.il piiiuiplc, .md by I'miiiti^' .1 
Amihu' rpiiiiin ilic icavU-r, 11 (•r-idlv "lauln-a ilie ir.i(' .• 
icpudionii* 

I. ^ \\. 



Ml ESSAYS, No. ■:«. 

It maS be own«d, that It hai felittm tntv^tri in 
ctUniMe ttid of rcforsiing the »gt' Vet allmviar it to 
br tif little tifc in rtfotmation, U i) often cooipo^ widi 
fdcli eTicirni mu)u wf grntni ■> render it iotcrclKBE W 
nen or tiUlr. Anil tKnueli (pieva toMy tw«c giren riKM 
iti tirll pmdudlioti, and ihc love of mtfurvenfottdin 
iacccA. yet the btMtiri 6f ilie compofiiion vritl c»*fck 
10 be rnd, evtn b)* ihofe who dilapprovr peribfMil {■- 
veaj*e, long after the reientmriit ifcat occkfiiMcd k lit 
fnbfided. 

Horace, tbe poliicA writer whom flit worM ««« 
medsced, adopted ruirical Mriiie^^ and facceeded !• 
h, tbouvk tbetc ii rvcry ttttoa lo twl>n« ttiai 1m 
natwal (UfpoGiion WH not fercie. The iratti ii, hewn 
a Hua of ibe world, ai well a< a mm oF rrflcftiiiB, sa4 
wrote hi* remiiki on men and thingi in nrclefi vcr^i 
DOt without cenfarine ibrm indred, but wiihoai indal^ 
taz the BrpeTii}* of UrtafBi. He probed eterjr woaM 
with fa gentle a hand, that the pxtienifmiM aiMler the 
apcraiJOB. The gay friend af^ Matcena* had iivnl te 
cogrta, and knew too nvch of ibe world lo tbink W 
coutd reform ihr jajr and voluptupu* pan of it by ahmpt 
fe verily. 

Not fo the Acm Juvenal. With all the wannib of 
a zealot in the caufc of ririac, he poore hii najtlic 
verfr, and. amid the molt rjuriied invofHtcaod tbctincS 
morality, emit) many a luninou) irradiitioR of poetry 
bcaotifully defcriptivr. 

Hit pjedecelTar Perfini bid afforded biDB > nebb 
model. He improved on it in noihinp bat perfpicuity. 
Ptr£iu U all (re, fpirii, animation. I'br ffcqiKBtyof 
hia inicrrogaiioni lojfci the attention of the reader. 
and it i« not eafy to read and underland bim whhoat 
catching the glow with which he evidently wrote. If kit 
•bfcariiy arolc from fear, ii doei noi indeed deptecian 
kit merit at a writer ; bat it hu caufcd him to be \tk 
read and admired than he dcfervn. The UA linea ol 
hii fecond faivc aie alooe fafbcieDt to entitle )umi to , 
tmmoruHty. 

The Bnglilk (ecm to have copied the mat)fi«r of 
Jovrnal railier than of Horace. Uur national fpiiH ■ 
indeed of ihx manly ud nojkci kind, sad Jiteb fni 



Mo. 15I;. MORA L, SiC. 2t9 

thing congenial with Ufelfin the vehemence of the in- 
dignant Juvenal. 

The Roman is remarkably harmonionit. But Donne» 
hii imitator, feems to have thought roughnefs of veHe» 
ai well ai of fentiment, a real grace, it h Scarcely pof- 
fible* that a writer who did not iludiouAy .ivoid a fmooih 
verfifieation, could have written io many lines without 
ftumbling on a good one. Pope ha^ revived his fame 
by attuning his harfh numliers ; a work whoic vrry 
excellence mukei ui recret that u genius (6 fertile as waa 
the bard'i of TwickenliHm, (hould have w.ifted its vi- 
gour in pamphrafes and tranflutiom. 

Thii verfatile port h.ns imbibed the very fpirit of Ho- 
race. Nor can the mere Knglilh rendrr obtnin, l>y the 
tranflations of Creech or of Francis, io clear and aJr- 
auace an idea of the true Horutian manner, as from the 
liberal imitations of Pope. 

Dryden feems to have preferred the model of his 
favourite Juvenal. His nc^rvous line was well adapted 
to fatirical compofition. He fays himfelf, ** he could 
** write feverely, with more rafe thim he could writo 
<* gently." His Abfalom and Achitonhcl, and his Muc 
Flecknoe, are mailer- ptcco and models in the fcrious 
and vehement kind of fatire. 

Boileau feems to have blended with judf^mcnt the 
manner of Horace and Juvrnal. Yet whatever ilc^rct? 
of elegance he poflefles, the natural monotonv of French 
verfe tires an ear accullomed to the various narniony of 
our Englifh potts. The French language never ap^ 
pears fo mean as in the heroic couplet, lie who readii 
the Henriade, and at the fame lime thinks of Milton, 
Dryden, Gsirth, or Pope, mull clofe the volume with 
all the loathing of difgufl. He who reads Hoileau, will 
find his improving imitator i'ope rife in his opinion. 
Pope roufes the attention by all the changes of nuifical 
modulation ; Boileau fooths it to dull repofe by the 
lullaby of fimilar paufes uniformly repeated. 

A poet of our own, little attended to at prefcnt, 

ice enjoyed a very high degree of fame as a fatirical 



once 



writer. Oldham has been called the Kiiii;lifli Juvenal. 
His fatire on the Jefuits has indeed much of the fpirit 
of Juvenal. It dtfplays wit, force, pungency, and a 



Ji 



•JO ESSAYS, No. 

wry sOfkm iovvndoa t b«l it i* no i«C» <i^a^m$,^ullke4 tf 
« VN^viiv, whkk mult prcvetii OU^&dd ftom kwpi^ 
^ pu£« «V0A2 lb* clifct of o«r cvunirjr. H« bu 
UftMil iba Muid vritk ricl«'rvcil sihI anivtentuig tigoMi 
but ibctujk l><r«f« puoithgMBt ii olKn oeotQitry, nt m 
£c« it ipttK'tcil ttiib tbr «'«nwo ctiKltyola« niFaSa, it 
BOt a(rf¥jt<I*. Tb«(e m fooic »9tkt of pMtry U «rtll 
W ai pvntiuB, vAicb. ibouj;t> well peifoimed a* picem 
»f ait. Uiit w ptaitt ibcir rucirlloice dtviMti4t bjr th* 
iltoekia{ eatuic ol th«ir rrpiriVutatioai. 

A Uicr r*iitirt, Uc. Yi^uBg, ij ftill n»i witb »!«*• 
fare. But be hai ih« full ai Senccat of Ovidi of 
Cowtcyi a picfvio aiti unlVd«>aaUv appllmioB of 
«'ii. Hii taiim biv« bc«a iullly calM a Aiihs af 
(pignut. A lover cl' origiaality, h« did not rcfiwd 

Ttr&iif, htviov\ii kavt avciijcil thJt TdiuU. Ihoie great 
■ulton we<c too raucb eui>n>ii<d by (be imponaace vi 
tht'u fabjefU (o till iato the pueiiltiy ot wilticiOi. 
Tbcte i* atfg fooieibiiig ia Vuuajt'a ncrMcaiioa wbkfc J 
a Itood «v do« not ap|wi«. • ,]m 

Pol even Yoang. poputu hs he wai. b»» bac* i 

a mo[i[ wKkK »3s ui!i^ni£c-ij uhrii le^n throug;b ibe me- 
dium of p"i>'< beyond ihat Ut_i;ree which ii was able ta 
I'upport, Whfn ir.ilim ac UK \ ir*ved what paiGon had 
exaggerjtei), fee was JilgulleJ wiih ihe ilirap{«»ni(nent, 
and turned away with ne^k<:>. Thui lb* eetcbraied 
Chuuhill. with whole apptaufe the town re-ecboed, ia 
finking to an oblivion n^i^h he hardly delme*; for 
though he wrote msny cateltfs lioca and many daH 
I>aS.i£e«, yet the sreaicr part t>f bi» prudm^tton* dii'ptaycU 



a geDuiiie veiu uf fatiiical );eniui. 

\V itbin a few yearj S.itire has re- aUutned Dei original 
niUe form of feutfilouj and petulant abule. An 1n- 



ii ^iveii a glufs to illiberal, calum> 
sit>u9, and anonymous invefiives. An undaunted ef- 
rioniery. letommeadeil by elegant verfe, bat fupplied 
the waul of every ctjiGial and noble oinainent. That 
it has been well received, W no prt>of of iu folid CJ^ 
cellsDce aa coo^poliuon) iinve, to the jicuter part af 
leaJeri^ 



Mo. 140. M () U A l«, Ail. «jr 

rpitiIrN, lli(* ntnifv whuli it Idvillily lumraon piililu- (tml 

tillvfilP «ll(|itl^ln|a, |i (t liiditinil iPiiiiiniirititiilltiii. 

Il ijillriq (iiiiM t unit aI Utiip in tl|ia« tit wrll it« itthi^r 
ilriMlttltrtlKC*. IliiUtr. I'rtiiua. |itvriirtl. ihuiigli loinn 
iii?ir« ililijlrtipd liy i»Mi**iitiVa yni rtlMtunil %\m)i Imr* 
muiftl IniiiiiiPitt*. 'I'lipy uiM only |uit vur In lliitiiip, 
llUl ^iiilllUitAlMciil viilur, mill tiuihlril iiul ilir wa^ 
lii ftUrtltt («i it< Hul tlip (riiitilU (it mil iiiiii!« (rnti 
Id brtVe ltl(|0 p\i» ill vir\v« ittdii 10 liialily jiiivdlr 
|lli)Uf*4 ot |«rt»-ly ptrjiidiiP. Il U tiflnr>l liiinrly hi lir 
rNltP^lptii iU(«l< ill ft ilr|»rtirialr rt|i(*i liKMiy will lir Iniintl 
tu |H*lii'l4 «ll^lilly <'l iliflMi^lni 4ltii lolitlity III |iiil|'iiiriii^ 
ill fl ilr|rirp fHlili iniit m riinlilr ilirm 10 jlitiMJ Imili i|il. 

il|f(*tCll«'»l rtU^I rllilic*lli iritluia (il pirVMilln^^ lully ittiij 

lAililiihftlili* vtir. 



««■« 



No, C'XIi. OS t.iunr anh mi? rAritv*H"u 

I ■ -- - • 

/~|^() lalln Mttil (itirlrfa irulninit^ iiihII nJ llin tml 
J[ (itlllinr* III llJn ftir ill tir rtllllliillrij, I,ii|.;ii ilirii. 
Ao rtit nil* l« prlll(i|io 111 l(tl llliiiil III (lir iiilnliK'l nl lilf, 
tl9 It riltirtlliillurQ ft Imliil lit (tiiiM^itr trdlnniii^. 

Itlli whill l4V9 r%|iriiriii r r 1^ llir> 111:111 wliii |)(iQ ill. 
Itritrd lluiUrtdlii ilia tiiiiliil lu lir wili^l in Im (ii'lnnti: lluii 
nittriaf 'ntr Itrll ilil|tiitfihl lliul rvn 1 iiiii|i|i i • il iit 1 ln^ 
hlllHlUi Wlli^ll U^ li(<" ilrliritilnl In llir wiiIIld ul imtt. 
Illllll lill*« llft% llPrtI (iiUllil im li'fa |Miiiir jiiilrviKr ml,, 
lllP tirttlll III PM(M« III I'P liivnivrti III till I liiinl) ni 

tiallluni rtitii inillc'l I7 I'l*^ <<*'<•' Iik''<'' "' hmiimiki 
l|i)it, limit lltr liiily niiiUituilr' wlm in ir 1 !>• ui.i ni il.o 
iftlrutiiirti. 

'Hll^y will) )iti(trh irillllltnlt Irttlr 111 n 1 iniipririil ifr 
i»»rP. will ililitivrl, Willi ini I'Hn I mil. lln lilhuv i'\ 
Wmny iPrtluilliii}. Tiny wlm am ilriiiniii m n, will 
^(il Itltit H liitilltlliiP ill titr iilr III a IvIIu^mIiii . 

'V\\P lSi*'^i ttliiiiliria wtin lii|i)ilv 1 ivil (iiul 1 Mimnr n i;il 

t^lHir^i til wl|li It ttti-ii' i'> (t iniillditl ii(-*>(iiiv ii'i lint 

nniiiill III trftlnli, ftml wlm uniiliirt tin nmlt iiii|ii>i t^ini 

ntUil^ witltnlil llir rtlil nl !• Imldllii Ini^ii . nn inuiifq |i,:i| 

V'JiiigVlH llfllUIC WAIIl* lii'l lll*'» llnnli I fillilLiiM r. J, I 



4. 



'iktMM Mk^n^MTO tiM Of | » W <f 4m tiff Uiiimi|i- 

WMMl 11% 

«Mft INI mUf n^ into Wt IJMut "Uiir Niii^ii liilMii. 



m4 «iiiM Monnrti imiIiq4 trf'jiidiJtiiiiiPilMnii i «%Miib 



gain tor duel which the hm havt HUoitid dim, 

I( ficiii«a tbiii. that thi graduid dtny of AMiMt 
tottc, and the contempt in wlikh 1V11o|^ iM k 



t^ncfit of foikiy« It ii f mhcr in^oot to )i« fay 4nm» 
iQg off that «ttcntioQ which might he uiefMlly btAowdv^ 
what then flitll we fliy ^ Moft in «it» whloi ow fbit* 

fathers hi^ve Aodied from age to age. and to which many 

of us have devoted our firft years at the univerfities, bo 
exj^loded ? A veneration is dwe to long eftablithed. 
opinions. The powers of judging, which Uimulace the 
prefent age to innovation, were poHclfed by the p«ft in 
equal perfe^^ion. They had (ome reafon for their inW- 
tutions. The fame reafon may perhaps remain to pre- 
vent the total abolition of them ; for trufh and reafoa 
are unchangeable. Our anc^llors ellablithed logical ftu* 
dies in the univerfuies, becaufe in their days there were- 
few other books to be obtained, and no other learning 
was prized. 'J'heir defendants mull continue to beiio>^ 
on them a moderate attention, becaufe every part of 
knowledge contributes to accomplilh the profefl'cd fcho* 
)ar. But they need give no more than a moderate atten- 
tion, becaufe the improvements of philofophy, and the 
great multiplication of books in every part of human* 
learningi enable the (ludent to fpend his time and exer« 
cife his fagacity more ufefully and more agreeably, 

lie who polleifes the genius and talle, together with • 
the philofophical i^ritonhe Attic Harris, ^Ul do right 

to 



Nri. t'tn. M (I H A l.« Ar. ill 

fri iMh}vfi|«> fll(»Mt tiy lti|itviit|f tli^ iiiii»Ai1 wii|l»4 III Mt) 
it«*fM lii|tt(iniMi (liii r,ii|jlilJi AMltii|l»>« ivtiiilf piiidtti 
litiiia ft^%i m mtip iliM »|ii)Mu:|ti'iii 1^ III I'U^'iiii »>. ftipl }<itt 
•li^t»'4 fif AMrtlyiif ftt liittMMiii Vi )iA« |iMiiii^il i>iii lliiiv»'f« 
U% tlliif^' |tAltt4 ttl t*^4lfiMi|i tviiHi*' llmni* iiiily 4^ •IP (•'I'll 
ll^fiir*', 'I'll** ^lf1^viit»* ««>*« Ih^rnllv IiImIU^i} I *titil lifl'l 

M tlK^*!! IIk- fflt** III iUlli^ Ml ||4VM tiv»'il It l»'4V i»lllllM**4 
l*|$'N ItP f«l|i( tViilll't Itfirp tii'Mli tiii||iii|r»iil tvllli ft liilmlili 
MftK* llt-llilfMi'ih, ll iitiv |iiii||f I nil fi-ltiiip (I IoIIm fill 
llll*|(* UMKUlltiliflt Ituitit'o, il io tliM ^iAi»> wtiiili 1m« Itylp 

Mu\ hU (til IMni y Unvp (livi-it lli^m 

l^lt ltt«»U)itiyl|i« wltAl i«ti li» (ii)i| '" ll f>v»>iv liiiiili tlirti 

Itl14 ll^Ctt tVlhlf^M lilt llt»<tti« ftttil lllinil'iifiU linvc IipI'II 
Wtillf^lh Wi^^tM rtMiiHilUl«>il« mil n liiiiilf Inilit tiliifti in iIip 

f|if>itl iiiitinMiiiliy III flit Mt(itil*iii>t «^'Miilil ill (tiiv Ktfi* IP 
|t^rt hnv*^ jiflt fpftfiiM In )rtiii»ii| ilip tiilq. MfiiliPliMii* nl 
Utift flMlbMti*iirrt} ltthlii»4 nifi (|i»i'iitnllvp, It i« Irii^t litil 
fflif^y itfi iM't ii»nttlii(ii«» ill l|i»*riitfliiiiii. 'rii**y nf\*»t\ n 

Mlff^l |l|»ltriiri<f itli(tlfl/|i>ittv lilitliilulP't. I«V itlO Itltl I'Vi- 
U**H(P tVillt tviiiili UiMy ttjliilny llii^it liullia i tnil llipy 
t**h«t IM Iihviiili4 ttiitiiy fla wpfl fto III iipli|f III T'lp tiuil'tpl « 
ltt*> MftvilJiltHtt ftliimlt PVIitv tliPi Itaiiii nil« la nltiiUit liy 
g^MMI^tiyi iltpt fill ltlPtl« wiltliiiil p*»»'|«liiiii« ftip li*^iiplilPil 
by ftl-hltltt^tii . Mill HIP in pit V III 4 IpihI Hilly III liPltI|iltl iliM 

MMitp*»rt4nitltii| III n itiitiil lit Ii« Mivii iiialiiiig. III Itifp il 
III tk Uliyiiitifi III iu Mwii ifiiiiiivfitii p. 

M^lftpllyili « M'pr» niM f» »itii MitiAgMil (tinl I i|tiiv0|pil. tiD 

tftUl*' lllCy feM»^*l lllP |lllMMl(»'q III lil|tMltil|iill. 'I'lipy 

iltyntvf**! (Itftnliiljii rt| littiJM'U fit rt jn i |il>'i»ii V \^ liii li iIim 
nMl|ill' •'■Ull'l lipv^i iiliirtvpt. 'rit»v Hrtvp (til nil *•! itivl 
f»iy flMil it'^lilti. wliiili iniiglil ilip niliiiiMtiiiiti lil lilt' I'll! 
fani*! I lli^y fltl' IMMV pltt|i|MV^*l« ill n liiiiil'ii iMftiiii»'i. In 
Utt* l*<ifii«> lit Itilittpliiy. 'I'lipy lififp miiImil-iI iIip IiaU 
|pi4tft>*f| ffttit llip I iiiirpt|»<il^ iImiIp syUn lliiiil* llipy ttiulpf 
OlIMil llt^'Mt* flint tliii|p wtiii t« tilt III III' ll|llll^llt liv iiilipi-« 

III llllll*'|il(ttlll llft'ltl* III flllll|ll. W-illlMliI llt'lllQ fl)tpt».i|KH 

/iv** fil •MM^Pl« ••{•iiiiiiiio lAfal III lli^if 11^-11 lio|ipitipU 
Hint III lit*- P^ilti'iiip m| III! ii.iy 

|f.VPll \^'tt^it I iillivnli^il liv ilii' Iphu It niiit lliity lli(;o« 

li)iiiio« lltpy ^«tilliil nil innatii»> rif lilq|ii»-flli|»' |iiiilu, 

*J lt**y rtilM III <• |i Ipih ■< In r'liii ll iiiflii I til iitfwi fliiftiii. 

Jl }« imt)r Uii^IiaI^Ip, III nttJi'ivM M •tpfiiiifM ^\\\\ U*\\M^ 

V\n\\\n\v»\^v 



ii34- « • i' A' y »/ . ffo.t^^ 

tip tnngk of tht Alan md«4 Uli Iv fttJir 



iMMSI J 



,MiR wim MfVf, parplninf kTmfUf wMi ootol^^ 
•miitriqi Into tM Mtoni of mrili, utl til* '" ' 

Th* ffniolagllhi ind |>nfiimiit')]<>Bl(l», ihff whoAi 
tnd rm/f/, th« Atftm Jhv/i/^il, ui'd all the irit" 
mleroftnpie philofliphin, nrr-. In the prtfvut h^ 
dir«rnmi)flt, tstillj' negl«Ai'<l, ['.vm Mal«liruiieb» 
LocIiQt tha ffloA rulonal i>r ihe nicinjitixliclBn*, sra 
'd^ly (RflnK groumli Ai l (ulk tIiiM> ore iitendail lo in 
public IVmlnKriei. whirt tame uUuiU-ie pl«n of ftod)' 
raquinii natuph mI twrril'Mii bwt rkc mnliiiude vf 
mora HrtCAbli wo Aldoin Imi't time or IncDnilWi 
to thf Iildcnl «l libeity » chulii hit bonk t, lor 

thi controvBri}' ( rnlnf Innnw iJfii. A f«w, how* 
■vori 1b tb« pr i dfflM, lun ^tpa .ftjUWBBitfr 
M to waRo th In < mllif 'BMAJuHfiB. M 

oKMtUttflr on I r ■■ El Ha, In dlfMng Rfp» 
tleiifaii and (n Brorittf tnitt i n Ii no mon OM'M 
■flimii. Tlili iiA Anfonco i i thli doftrlM will pn* 
bnbly Indutt th«m to ^eta, In thilr owa bftaactti ibK 
he ii an irriinilt aalmal- gpnun irritabile. 

Ijuch jnileiablo fffetU of meisphyficd reftirA han 
iniluictl an unliable wriier, whole he\»n and ibiluifi 
vie mtU ciith other ror eKrellence, to vindicata iht a>- 
lure and i in mutability of truth, ta expoto the fufilit)' 
of meiaphyJio, to confound liie dovicei o( their p>' 
trofin, and to eftiililllh ilio natural right! of commoa 
(ei\('e. 'I'lii' forniiilubl* champlun ha) given the 1>A 
fatal bliiw to [iinguilliing fnphiltryi a blow which, that 
flie may never recover, every man mult wilh, who knotM 
the baneful influence of a Hume'i dnrk inveniiAn*, and 
who liefirei to counterudl it. 

'I'o put an end to (peculaiivo error, it might perhapt, 
in fuflie degree, be ilt'rdual to lay lefi (IrcU upon mf' 
inphyAci in academical educatiim, Thsfe who prefidc 
AVer our faininarii'a arc no lefu liberal (ban eiilii>htpne(l. 
Slid will furely, uii fume future tiny, if any part of the 
prefent fyfl'-m iif inllruttion U (rlfliiiK or pernictutl*, rc- 
nounreii wilh alacrity, Uut u iinmer deference to their r«> 
ijwtUlile oj)iiiIun« remlcrk it i'r4Uinable m fuppufe, that 
an aticniiou to thii ublliufe, thuuf(h «therwifo ufckb 
fcuaccr 



No* Mt* 



MORA?., .Vr. 



»U 



K')0iUT» inny Cmd lo )rivr difi vimih); iiiIiuI n hnhii nl' 
itiiiiking with itrpdi uihI pirttlinii. A« n Irvrip ilil- 
vi|*lilir. U nirtV lir aiivrfiiUf*roim. Mdiiy n tiinniriivir it 
lrtui*h( thr (uhtiri in tiii luiiilr nl iiir|i»ai;ihiiii Uti wm. 
wliuh will irltlom l>r iili'iiil ill itir lirlil nl li;itllr. 

Ail lli4)i(f wlin )i,tvr lilllr itp|*iiittii)ilv nf tiriii}; {ii- - 
Itvrly IrivuTrililr lonilina, htivr ah iitii|iir|litiii4tilr ii}-.tiC 
IP (irrk niiilliriiiriil in Ml*itiiilr (jtrt ntitliitn. lU in niiy 
l»l)tc*r liiiiUiiio whn It f* iiinno'tilt 'I'liry iti.ty iMi/./.ln 
ihrmi'rlvrii lur (livrilnut rvrii iii inrdtjiltyfii «, Ihii if, 
in llir touilc oi ihrii i'iit|iiitir«. iliry llniulil (iill n|>iMi 
A Woiulrirul ilifiUVi'iv, w)ii()t« wltni «liviilp,r(l. wiuilil 
iliiluik itiP happy i^Munttiur nl UMnitintl. Irt ilinn Imr 
oiiCi^ tif* lifllilhi piiioy a iii piivftm, tnu\ with luiUI il 
I rum ihe vomitiimiiy. 



■* 



I :« ■■■■■■■■ 



^J^*^fc.i»« 



No. CXI .1. ON TATtN VKHHK An AN IXKIi- 

CfSK AT »niU()I.M. 



ttiitit ( 



{) pfti'l i>r itnllii'rtl nliK'niinn tiii« Itrrn moi'^ |>if« 
iin^lty irniuird Ai\i\ iiu>ir liiinty it^lhrtnl ii% 
(litil nl'nirn iliit^ tmy^ tit the (unipnliliDii ol l.itdn 
]mr>liy. Thr trim iriiiatK, lliftl a pprt m limit. tt\\\{ 
Itot ftiinirJ liy ililtipltnr. Into hrrn itt^'nl (tt;itiiiil ii. It 
lun aIIi) lirri) i«l|r};ril. litat tltn liiiir lirlltiwnl on it 
«vtiiiti| |i(* muir ri\lv.iiiiiip.riMilly Ipriii tit ilir llii«(y nl' 
|liiti^«« ninl lit AtipuMii^, 4 iiV*ht ttirllnul nt r\pi«Miiit^ 
(lur fi'nliinrnt') in Ittniiiiin pmlr. Ii ii niilutil rnniiL*li« 
iny tlip nltjrftnijt, (n r\4i't a iriUin piniinii nl l''.ltKliik 
vrilr limn llir (« ltnt;4i , Uiil in pripliM iiini with l.rttilt 
VriCpi Ml n lintr wlu-n lir ini^'ltt Jin JoniMn^* n lltniilmiil 
Uirl'ul tliiii^*« , wli.tl M il lull rHhnur iinpi inirni-ri oniit^ 
UiiMiKTil imlrrd liy ^riiridl piiu'hir, but nryri tlirlrU 
liodt iiilpfttilr rtiul tiiilv liiln nJiMr. f 

Tlipy rtllitw, linwrvn, ilint ihp < (illmn ii jirnrinl, niiv] 
ol Init^ titiifilinu. '•inrlv itirn tlinl ilr^Mrr nl iplpnM m 
iliir tn ilip ^*rnrr(il i>piiit<in dI itirtiil. tiul, itntl in titn \vii< 
(Inin nl nur pirdrtrilnr.-. wlmit Irmln UQ In pir(iiiin% 

lliAt (ht?lv niuli hrtVT licrn Ittmr hcnrltt prurivpJ l*v p*:.> 



s|0 9 § 9' M t % ' fte. r«» 



■Hj IWV W WHM Mi raWVr ^ V MMVi ■MKI^ ■■■ VHP* 

TiMI SVnNldMt Of pfiHDfltt WdHKII^ OMMUMBf OMHI Ov 

iloiii 10 Im fMlbMbk. Wo urifl AM ofloor^ ikn 1» 

'Hifll to IWUM IfOCiO IPMO M 10 HMO ttOO» ^OPMO hO 

Mwif 11 oiriHooQ w Qpood Mi yio to O0MMMIil*liOn 
vNdiaokil oioplojpfiifoti* Bot» ic iko teio^iio^ oit 
flHiA 4iiM'OB «■ nlltif lo tfco 0100 of lorfootodooribi^ 
fooOf to no divtoOf wio tiwvori too fnyMloOi *ooo fON 
Aim m Hh ^lOMOioUAid MiiilftMif ooBOttodof « 

To «ll f htfir to ocqoablAoco ^Mk fte oUfloi trtt 
odd ao oli|g«fi<o» foch u loodi t^ CM^Ioio ikilr cko* 
fMiOfV 01 OjvotlOflWO^ Oi loni oi OHMMfS* n li wB 
dilhorodM 



ioUhtog pelifh of odoeodoot ood optnittoBtko niod| 
nko diodiig on tko pirfbo* hf ftuwo d d log o Mw m m 
%Mt. Bof iktroffOOiMikod **MtlcokolttiAiO 
loroft 00 lofimito koowlcdoo of to ootkor, u m loiU 

latc i»fid pwdratrtttf fo rtval hit rjrccllcnrei. To irrfto 
Virgflitifi vrff« nith irue cirfrjncc* it ii nrcrl&ry lo 
commit (n m«>mnry rr^rr jthrtfe } to calcH the ^^cfy 
ft*irit of ViffrU i lo mi^k fh« vfl|ft«d paufct of hi* vftlff* 
llif l**r»gth pf hj« prriod*, thr peculiar f r«fi! of hit «• 
prcfTtOfi^ I «ti I (o girr (h<« whole compfrftiiofi R mijcOic 
dt^fii()r. All thffr rrqwififf* lo pocttc^l compofiiioo io 
L«ifi«i« ^>n rtnW hr «cr|tMrrd hy a frequent flnd ftttctllttt 
|^rt«r«?l of fh** fi'>hle M4fv<uiirf. 

Th? firH fruits f«f g'*ni»« j»^Q(!»ffd by ihf liliHl 
wHt'*r« that tt<fr«m nor finnff1«« wrt? fompn(ttion» f% 
]*«iifi irrrff. Milton, tt a ^yifh age, wrote ft wiik 
frftai ftf^aNCf . Cowlny «fcf llrd tn it rurl^r. Addifoo 
wa« motfh rrftfhratrd for hi« jwvmile vflliyt in it. Prior 
hr^n with writing f,qitn rpi^am«. All the prat 
ffim who b4%'f be<^fi rdacated at puhlic fchoolt« i»herv 
it i« invariably an rn-rrifr, wrrr, darinfr frrvral tears 
Oh)f^«^i to c«^'n)inf« it a* a dai))- ufk x and fnoogll 
inaf>y rtf fh«'m were never diflinfruiOi^d in poetrjr, yet 
lh*y drrivH rMifv«l''r;jb?* afSvunta^''^ from tne attrOi|Mt 
at will probibly appear from the Miowing rt fte Atoat : 



Nn. 141* M U R A T., ^u f^y 

DifTiruliy U rmlitnitlf (niiifMl i Ipiit to nvrrrfimp it 
rnufrfl A very fpnfitite ph'ariifp, ntnt riiiilir;itP4 fiinitR 
ciinqueflflf \^y n'lilitiR i'liitn^f. Tn wtitp f.nitn vptfp« 
M rpMninty At! firiliifMH \fiik tn n yfiuni; hny ; lint iltn 
■iithniity (if Hh tn^Opr, umi a fpirif nl pmitUtimi, iir|rp 
kiiti ti) mifnipt with qUtiitv ^vliat hi^ nwri iiidfilfn'^ 
wniild have ifi) him tn MH^ih rt. j.nnQ lirin'titp ^ivp« 
facilitv. Up fitpt^ hp h'-m fivriiiinp v.hat hp ntiif* 
lH'Mi|}{it inrMrttiiMintntilp. VVIimh nni' ttpw iin<lf'itfilcin|f 
f»F»r« itfrir in fiiliitp witli n flifiiiMlt fltul f'lrtiiiUlin^ 
nf^ip^l, he i^ ti it pffri^hifrl : hir iir rpf iii|pi')«, Out It** 
It<l9 ntrpmty pfrifiinnpt) tlitit \*liich npfipdfpfl tn \vm im- 
|ifil^lirilhlei Thp p«(pitM»ii fn'.pHiiv t»i niMnnplilli whnt 
ii hnt PflTy, hni n nntHtat t'liJ^'iiiy tfi civp !)••• tiiin'l 
frefh vitntir. 

A fuTijp^ tfllrpn frnm n rUffi'.4 < mfUdt (» iititti*>nt, nr 
fin itif^PttifiU* fpiitfirlc, t4 (sivn tn n hny ni n (iiliJHr'l nf 
ntpilitfltioii tn Pttiphiy hii l^'idirp ihiring thr* int«'rvni« nl 
fthiiftl. Iff* ti tHti^tit, thflt th*rp tiiiiM tr» nil unity iti 
hi^ ilefigM ) ihflt he tnufl invent n thnufrht. mm whiili Iih 
}9 (n fltftiliiy, if hp rnn, |»ririd (pnh't nnd />n|ru(1nM wit. 
rjrprpflpil In tlip inrill »h-pflnt vpifiltt ntimi. I hi<j tpndu 
ill give ft I'.MMwIpilgp nl iliiiijio, nt •!»»» Iniiip tifii»» t^int it 
rpndpis it nPip/Puy tn ifilt m )iiq ;i(ti(tnnip nil lii« ' Inniml 
|ihrflrp(i|n^)'< 11^ tttiiM rpvnli'p mnny itipn^ tii Iit4 niinHI 
npforp ihi^J tlittiifiht riMim. In llii" innrpr^ hp p-pnifp^ 
thtf pnwptfl nf jii'i^tn'>tit« nl itid riiniiifitinn, nf tnMe. I le 
rCLrjilpfh ftl) hit rpndinfr, hp if-vi»'W4 nil lip hn« (ppm niid 
llPflf'-if he fcnrf hp!t hit hnnkA nn (imilflr tnpif q. find fti^ 
nnce irtipiiivpq whnl he hn* nliiniiipd* nnd inflkei iipw 
Acntiiritiutm. 

Hp who lini Iippm mnvprfflnt in {^rpnt I' linrdq will 
hnvp fpprt inpipq nf vpifp* niiti'n nn tlip »'»rp?ii(*q nf 
fin pvpning, in whiih w»*ip 'lilpI'M-pil wit, hnrrMMit, 
Thip Iflhgtiflpp, in^fiii'iiM ttiino, hnrni'iniMiK vpiIp, nnd 
vpty (hrpwd nlilprvfltinnq ini inpn nnd tliin^o. Siiili 
•Vfr^ thp l/iiru* WpHtn"tiftrtpri»'n|p« ; lii» h \vpi»» ninny 
in the MuHp Ktnnpnfp*, nnd (nrh nrp tli<iiihindft thnt 
liflve npvpt- vet liepn (dietpd tn tlip puMit vipw. Ii \n n 
knowti truths thnt ninny nf thp liiiv.q wIim wprp pngn^pd 
in theft ufefut fputts uf a feitile g»'tii'ti% HfienvRiilt lip- 

I.At«\# 



2^$ ESSAYS, No. i|i. 




vr c ' i ili vT i* ! I'cKo ! di ; h i *.» » As.*^ u i rvU AC c h eir k h col . 

F^vTv IJSfri! uhoUr Jciire* ;o e.xt^nJ Sis \•.^?\^s» a?JL 
tv> be ena^levl :\> Jcriv^* li:cMry plcill::-,.* t:v:» j*! :>. »: 
H ci^M^-e ot a TO rein J i:. It h^ hjL$ h.va?;^; po u*;: rl^c 
ivvvcrn I a:in jxvtry, hf wi'I be a tt"a.:*^<f r :o u'A'jy 
jaoit pVAJ'.pg pr^viuCtioi**. Bu: he ciuno: hive a ;-i 
r^:*'.•^ fvv ;hv':i>, upfels he has i k:»ox\:.'J^e of pwoov, 
,-«•.!»■ o: :Vei'" va-i^^a^ «^e:rcs ; spJ or iSc:"^* S? car* I'c! Jo:a 
h J V . a '.X*' -vc': < ^ ON* ! eo! <e, i u c a j k •* o^^ 1 J :ie as ^*.\\ 
ei • iV • s* 1"? : u :o ; .: J i^v* o r" ; >. ? i ■; r ■ ? ;rr g • .uv> , w •; ;^o u ; hav - 

eo^i.a'lv'Ni N i ij'.' a:»vl Horasre. a->J. :>a: :I^? s:'aT.l:oit 

i.'. :h.'i- oi^i: .i! \*ri;iiiij$ Bj; :he o.a';^;i.-:: rare :>a: 

u:-. \o*k:..> -."•.': i:ive:^;eJ. ce-iVd :o 'f*\'av \*>:e:i co:!- 

i*« •• ; ■ \ rv* -.v .. . i' J . N or ca « he be I'a : a to h a v e an u - - 

*.!:.',••;'.••'< :.! :e , or a co i ; *V J :^ lv: i ;■,', u '^o I'ee !<* 

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V^o, 14?. M O R A [p ^■^'. «VJ 



» t mi 



No. CXI ill. ON TMK INM:NMIIIM lY (M IHr 
MKN TO 1 tir. ril.\KM.H 01- A n.MAM. MiNn 
CUI.'I'IVA'II'O WITH 1*01. tlK ANO 50l,tl> 
I.HT.UATV'H!-. IN A I.rr|-|-U. 



I 



AM ihp only lUimlilrr oCrt t Irip,yni.iM, wlii». on \]\r. 

(Irflih uf my inniiin-, wtiith h:i)t|iriiril wlini I Wim 
oliniii (hirr ynwi (iM, (nnrrntrml lin :i|iin'liiitn in inr, 
nnd tluMight \\r inuM noi ilifpUy lii<> tnvr incitr rfl* 1 itmlly 
thHii in f^ivinfr mr n ^jmuI rduniiinn. Ilm luniltMVMfi 
fitUiitFd in It (nlitnry vill.i^r, nuA \\r It.iil ImiI tiiilr p.i 
UHliifll iluty, To iliAt (liriT \\i\n rtnci'Iy fluv iliiny, lo ili- 
vrrt Ills Atirntinn ftdin thi'« olijrCI, lie Ii^hI rvti lirrii 
Jpviitril Iti lrtlri««. i\\\\\ ninliilnrtl Ir.-tnnti^', mxt (o 
viriiir, A!) the npMrl) dilliniMMMi of Innn.-ui iiMtnir. 

A.i fupn A9 I niiiM tr;i<l, I wn*: imiiiii'd in liilly'q 
nrflmmitr. mul, hrluir I \vi'» ri|«lit vr.uo nM, i-nutil ir- 
pTRl cvriv iiiIp in il wiili tlir |.Mc';»irll ;iuim.mv. I wsii 
Uuglil inured a\\ kindN •>( iiriMJIr \m)i1< ; Imii \\\n liunit 
in pvrry dny wcir iin.itirildv frl ;i|'riH hu mv nnj'ii'xc- 
ttKnt in tiHlin. t fi>rnt liriln'lrd mvlrlf m llir ilrmriil- 
•7 pBrts, fliid l«M'l nn'l riici-dnn nnd ipinrlijn Ni'jMiq 
with ft llrir) rttUiilliilt In tlir p,t ;HiiiMnti( ;il i iinltint'liun 
CiFrvcry wmd rtnd plu.Ho wliiih tiny M'ni;niHil. I'lnnt 

thrl I WAS ,1'Iv;in«rd |n VJf^M'l illld llnunr. I'lidri lllO 

(lirr^lion nl (i* ^ikhI ;i i 1 dlir (f) my Irithn, I |ni*ti ;)c- 
Qiiirrd A taflr fur (luir hrnnliro. rttid nnt milv 1 ;id llirm 
tmnugli with ^I'Mt drli^;hl, hut uininittU'd thi'ii ninic 
bNiMifnl piflav^r"! i" nirnmiv. 

My ffithn wn-; (o wr|| |dr.'»i' d wiili inv pii-fii irm v^ 
iml with thr \i\l\\ of innitit )in(*. ihr nlip-t'l nf hi*, h n- 
((r»rl! Ii»vr, thfli hr irhdvrd I" « ;my n»y ini|iii>vrin''ni^ 
l1lgh^^• nnd in ny^w 10 my virw thr IjimiIimiq lirld^ (if 
(irri'istn lilrrntuir, IhrCiirik (ti«nu?»iH I m;ill"iri| 
VVtth giTAl cfllV, nnd \ limnil =» l\vrrinr|j> in thr Ian 
giiAge whiih Atti|d^ rrpAid mr Itn ihc little diMn nlum I 



ever, however aci'urau*ly ihey might rxhibii ih< 
*of originttU, coulJ rxiuetli the beauiies ol' ihe lani 
I wan pofleiVeil ot a puwn* ol'inrnei\ing thole vol 
in Hilmiranon ot* whuh the worlj has long agrcfi 
from which my U'\ \\<\i Ufrtix tor the uuii> part i 
ionHltly excliulfil. I( \\<ii a uoble priviloi^c. anJ 
jue my felt upon it ; but 1 hope and believe I d 
ilerpil'e thoie who h:ul not partaken ot it I'olcly t'oj 
ot*opportunitie:i. 

'I he Froneh an\l Italian language:! became eah 
nvv ai\|uaintanve wiih the Latin, anil mv thither v 
4)pinion that they are inJiipeni'ably necetlary to th 
ilcin Uholar. In iM'ench I u'ail Kullin, UoiJean, I 
i\elle, Voiture, Houhouiii, Hru>«ie, Koutreau, \'o 
anil Mdimonti'I i in Italian » IVtiaich, 'ratio, Ai 
iiuii'ciauiin, an^l theCoitcgianoot I'.UUglione, All 
^ave ine a ili*i^it'e ot pleaiure, u hii h I am \\\w none ^ 
be w ithoui, w ho aie i'apable ot obcaining it. 

AtU'v ha\ing iaul a fouiuUtion in the langv 
which I belti\o i» leMom ilone with (WceU but 
failv ago, m> tat her allow cj me to t'vatt without 
(rout im the pioviuCtion.t ot my ow n country. The 1 
iug 1 had aciiuiieil enabli\l me to reavl them ciiti 
and to undeiltand all their allniiouit. The belt w 
abound to muih in i{Uotati\>ns, that \ cannot 



S«». 141. M O R A L, lee. 9^1 

»w«!vi|iiir I cnuKI rnllrO. APirr ir«iliii^ .1 lil . m iIh^ 
hiftnry nF nny pnrticuiiir rvrMit, I wri^ (il\v>\- M'ln.rl 
by my lather to iiive my rcittitnrnu ii|Miit it in wiiun ; 
in rxcretrc whkTi I fuuiul to In* ntioiitlnl wiiii |;irai 
fldvintHKtf. 

1 never prnctrjitrd drrply into tlip fiinirrg, yri | 
could not rcU (ntMricd without a fiiperfiiiiil kiiowlnl^c! 
DfA/lmtiomy, of the (otar (yltrm, of'rvpntiinrnt.ti phihf. 
Uphy, fHiii uf f^f^ngrnphy tintihrimiiiiiU phyfu ;il. nnJ 
)oliticiit. Thin little wa^ nrrrlHity lor rAiiottiil nntvrr- 
itian, ami I hfld tieithrr tim<« nor taflp for (nrntilic 
ffinementie Poriry wn« tny (lrli|)hi. Mn«l I fion<'iiinf*4 
irrote it, an the PArtlnlity ol my pnor lAthcr \r\\ him t<i 
ilTert, In a pIrAhng niAtinrr. 

I do not niflkr it .x mnit oF mv own. hrrn 11 fr it wn* 
'Nlirrly owin|r lo nty fAthrr*ii iltii>Mion. (hat with aII 
ny Attrnlion to hooli^ I ilid not m' j;Ic^I the onidtnentAf 
iciomptilhmcnt" My (nthn rvn lied in mulir, inuf 
ID tAu^ht mn to pl.iv on tlir h:iipli(lunil. Ifr rn< 
Uffed A ^»,noil ninllri (o ninnn't mr in ilfuuinp,. iind hi* 
ihvayn rntitionrit mr A^^ninlt (hni nrulr^l itl dirF^i And 
if Hrmrjitr « JtNuilinrh, whiih, lir (aiil, h;id lnniriiinCfi 
nvnlve«l litnniy huli« ■! iu ilrlrnnl itif^inrr. I In lilci<- 
'^'Ifc imnUntrd ihi' n-'illitv «•< .iviihlin|» a prdnniic 
nanner fiF uHivriluiiMi. ?"u| iliiiMly «-h;u|yril mo nrviT 
:n hr ovril>riitin^, m 10 ilirw m tlir «-oinp;iny of ofhrriv 
:Hv Icnil nppCMriUUT (•( loitUuuiq (Mpniotitv. I hritpvii 
! may vrntuu' lo Inv. (Iiat I ionipltril with hii diirr. 
iiiitS And tliAt I t nil I'll with piMfi'i) vaW nmon^ iht* 
upcrfiriMi, nnd nritjiri r\piTl|ri| iiiit frtt (unirnipt, i v. 
fpt whrie vtuiity Ami Afltiliu<iii wnr innihinrd with 
gnorAiur. 

Vrt, iiolw ithll-indiiu; mv impi'M rmrmi nn-l ntvprti nrll 

MiI'MVOnii ti> |MiM-i til tiiriu liiMii hi-i niMiriit nuiilinii:. | 
ltd m\(iH |i"i*iuil IK ihn Wf'iM wnli i> h (unliiliiv 
inrt I hilt H <(iMt lit (*>|»i( Aly in\ n Irs i|,in<l imt 
luili in iMvi >>i Mti' ill i" H iMf fluv Etit'i I'li-iM. \\'lii->ii t 
nnr tulo th* 11 4immi<;)im« hi iiin\ril,il hli>iiip «vii|itif 
irvntt, il It \\«i( tpii mini iijiii'il l>\ iml'i'. TliiMirli 
iflhnol (.'V til-It 1 >in iir.-iii'i inl-i., \r| I i mi indlv' 
Hirivr th.lt tii'* inil||i<: i i<iiM\r :\\r I imltliMnrd i 

id 1 hnvr Lvcr) UiikMi lu i"li\i, ili.ii nv Iniall piii<« 
Vuj . II. M %\« 



21'. 



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!Jut It I'-'iir. ] '. ".■ .!■■ -. " : liii.i I. ..:.: 

■ 1 • .;li Iji i.'uIjiL'' ! lic>.» .• :• ■ •. • «.!.i-lr- «wC 



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a. 



wiini^trii lirMMii! tin' limit. riiHci o\ .\ i ii\lirii it| 
:l(iii), iMiun. Ntitii'M i^ tlinr li.lluiitii n Hiin Uf 
liiilr, tli.-il llif* winili' iMti'll'^'Inil ji <|iii(iiiiin . riLtMi* 
,<> ruliM tain li« i IiuMmihI, hmiI dt I'Mim iIi<- inimN (•! 

liiMirn, limit In' itii :ipnMi* m itnwiltin;; tn lnjiri. 
h| tlir i.iMi*. Hiiil jMvr A {irrloiiiil ;«UcniitMi in do 

lint li'MiniiM', l»'li»njis uo\ »o (Ik* f'iMiMl*» cliiui'lrr, 
tliMi ili'' flip ill* iiniiil M mil ( .iii.-iMi' ii| a ili'|tii*r 
lpl'nv(>ni'Mil (' ]n:il to tlt.it of ttir Ptiii i It" • ilir lUl 
iiiil unjilnlnluphicil |Mv|iiilii(M. '1 lir pit init tiiiii'» 
lit iiitill lifiiiniiirtlilr iMll;MU'r^ nl' rrtii:i|f> iMinin^; iiiiJ 
1^. '1 lit' (ilprtint siilv ilil.i)*,^i i>f liiM nliii iliiMi nil , 
^^-^ \Ur liilr |i tliMi III ihi-ii liilifn|urni (iijn-iiuiiu. 
II ill); i-M ijinllv ;hi itii.-il>ln. ;nii|. I tliiiik, t-i|ii dlv \;i- 
r, f«M |lir I tti'l ii'tiixi nillii|; hiMii it. !(• .i uniii:Ui 
ninii. I'oi iiiv pwn |:iil, I ^mmiM nut tiijv ihr liltir 
TrTi. In M\'pi.| :tlt llnilr ilit;i|Mrr .iMr i oii|ii|iiriUT^ 
liiili I li.i\i Jul) iiuv I iiiiipl tiiM li. 



C'\1.III. «>S IMPKNI'M. INIM'I.CI rJiKp 



* I I I'. liMT «i( jii,';«i n ; 1 '. t'l". li» I'j'i \ iti» .\ I'riMM'Jy 

in (In ImIIIi* (If liiill :l . Ill ill IllMIl IM fj>-i|i -, 

(< ill-' ll- !|' ■■ I > '" i>l inilMlt >M l( \ III I till i- 

tin 'i. III I- ■ ''. H II i ■ ini'ir il' < i"\ • Iv il- !■ • i-iip il \ 

III lir Mil' iiji {III i»ll .j»Mnr_ W iill li I . il 'l i i! im| f i.tpi 

MItjMil-'. I'l IMJiiii. iJ'ii i'h' lllj'illiM (■ 111; ,■ III 

I. '1 111- |',|i :ltf I ill Hi- in ( . «>i I • III II I I. «.t . Ill lu- 

ll! • np>l iiM -ilx (' I I II II i<>i . «\ lull II t ■!■ !i Hill! jiy 
nil l\ I'l tii|-ili il ::ili||-M I fill ;i . • linli I-, 'I*ii.< 
ICVCI nii'in-. \{, \ ir.i" l'\ !• I'll 111'. I "I II. . Miiiii 

I, I'l \i A .mini »l .. \\ 'i 11 I'll 111 I'l' I' HI i«f ill- 
t, \\ii1iiiit tlir iiiii'i |i II Ml r* III tjiiti. I- ImiiihI III 
l!i|i It i. Will l.iinwn III'.'. I ■! ■-■' ,1 t<i.<|iiii Hull 
il Ifi'M iln' iiiiilri llii' .Ij'.i" I'l I^M» \''i-j. mi imii ni'' 

in. 'I'lir I .■mil' I . Ill };i II' i.il lilt if I'ln'i ul ii.iMiir 
' Hl-I'. o( ill I, |»|iii I I iliip'. (l ■»ii| I lien li p III |i Mill II I'll 

Uiiuwlalc'i ilii' ]-.it' Ml III i.ilv.' ;il| ilir i.iii' iipi'ii 

r.I ; \\v\\v\\. 



2\\ K S S A y S, No. 14}. 

}ir*r(<:M\ anil (0 Icuvc liiilc lo i\u: iiivifiblc proccfft of na- 

IC tiiir rliilil (urvivc hy ilir: vi^'/)ijr lA itk f'onnituMOn 
Id :i [itiriiV uyii, rvni llifn tiif tuitilwi't of ihc par-nr, 
moll uiiii.'iMr ill iifi oii^Mii, but moil injuiiou) lo iltc 
«>l*jr^l it moll willirk 10 liciif/ii, i!» found 10 ilcflioy ilie 
vri y yuiii'Ar.h of liviii;^, Uy cmlcavouriiif; to render life 
|ilcr.iiui'iil)lc (o txixh, and willioiii vJMflitudc. Jf liii 
ahlciicr Ctrl b(* fo far botnc a-. 10 pfrriiiit Jiiin lo enter 
ai a ft liool, an rarncll lU'l'in-. 1% tx\trr.iii'A ihai hr may 
br iiidnlj'i'd in all tliod: Juxurici of (lif: talilc which 
(lojluw- ilii- purr flicaiii oi ibc infant blood, and, by 
ovf ilfudin;', lUf. oijn'iiiii of intrllc/l, prti ludr ilif: pol- 
fiiiiliiy of iolid impiovrinrni. ilr, wfiof': attcnn'on 
fliould 111* vuy^K'ili'A by lii:» book, and wlio fboitbl Irarn 
to lo(J< on rvriy {dt^afuir* of tlic fcnfc'i »»> a fuliordinatf 
|)iiMfiiM-, it laii^'Jii, by thr ovrrwcciiin;; aliachmcnt of 
a jiairiit, 10 Imvc liitb- other raic than to pamper ihc 
jMoMi'fl anioii}'^ iIk* aniinal aj)|jrtil('ri. 

KrjMil.iiiiy </f din, and modrfl dcccnry in all tit€ 
I m liiiili.LiK.r-ii of f(.liol:iflir life, ati: often irjiicfcntrd ai 

tlir l< fiih <t\ .1 too p''IMlllOir. flMilMMll) ; .'fti'i i Ih* ytiMUP 
ijii|>jl 1.0 (o(<ii' I i''|iiiir., Ill ill' (l.iy-. of v..>.:|i' ri , lolil) 
j),ilf-i ii.il iti'ii, iii.iii lie r. (i.iiiiJiiiil v'.itli <l'-||i .!( If ., Ui 
« oiii|i('iif.iii' llii' ji<'li.'ni< ': iif: ii.i'. uiidi-l ''>m.'- .il llic jilai.C 

<il lll'l i dlK .tiJOIl. 

W'- < HI d«-iiviT liiit iiltli- ijii]>io«.<:n« 1,1 limn lliC 
!' .11 !»• I vvf ' oiiliiiiii. V»'( hi;'.v (.ill llif \ii.y .ivoid 1 oii- 
inii|il I'll iiir iii.ili'i, vvli'tiii III* i-, I iiij'lii |r> inhliih-r 
.f, I'lt.ill/ |i-;'.iiillf-| . (// .iiiy liiiii;' Imi lii, o'..ii ini-iA 
Nil' I'll, .'lll'l < -ij'iilil'' id d< |ii I viiij' liic ( iiiM I 'iiiiiiM(.!rd 
lo in. cii'* "1 111*' {'"'j"'i lull' li. Ill' <- r liiil ill',' '.vli'j aiC 
liflllidi- III Olliri irlji'i'l^ .iir irinli Hi|, ],y iJirji I'l.j.d- 
lll-i., V/f.ll' Mi'HIl'll lo Ij'Ii' VI .III/ I lluiliuy will' !l .1 flu- 

Wi'tid (liiM iiiK-i-' f(ji ill'- l.il.c (if < li.iiij'iii^^ hi'i pla<.c of 
rdiualioii, or (d Min.iiiiur' :il In/iiir. 

'i'lii- |iMi|»''iiliiy lo iii'liil;»i'i)« «■ i', fo /lion;', that at 
till' iii.ttiii'li ■<"/', .irid '^illi llif- iii'ill Jiii|fi'/Vf-d if-.ili'll, 
It r. dilli' ull I'l i'-lli.iiii il -.viiiiiii till- liiiiii*. of irio'!'-ru- 
tioii. '1 (i f-iK oiii,;'''. mile. 1(1 ol <li'iKi.i;'^ tlu'. ii.t^urj] 
irii'lMi'y, ii| in tl{''<'l, lo liiirlr ihtdr viirt (d tlif 
lutiii'.- y('Ulli, ami locauh: thole cxLcrilck of caily inan- 

liuoJi 



143- M O R A ! , \i. 2^; 

, wliiih in tlir* niil )i illni titr v\v\ Iciiis nt 
nCiiiiliilrr:il(* paic'iil v.itll Iimhiw l.i iIi ■ "i..\c. 1 f.v 
il l)c* |iliilli^air' ill lite ('AtiCliir, il lliv Will- I nl 
ii'.'Jit .ill lli<? viidir lii'-y Ii-.ii:i nil '■ i i:.'ii lutix ., 
ir r.\aiii|>t'* iIIhI iu:iili'i-i ii'iii r nl liitii n.>.ii f.iiiuh . 
Ji iniihui.ility i . (iliji-jiirly iciDiiiii. !i>l.il !■-■ n li- 
a |iriii)i(f, tlir inlctMinii i-. iiiiii'li>i.<-. :\ (liim i 
iililiun?. ;iti* ludii (ii|<| dK I id jii-iii-l ii,i:ily luiii 
al t:;irf', wIumi ilicy ciuii.nliit liic k^h -h l ^>l inni 

II a ilitM n iiiir.tllv Imm- . :ili im- .ill niii, i . 

lie yumi] ilitluin if ;ill<r.\M:'> .i ki.:. ' i :l !r 
:ly llinriiil, till 1 lit ;. iviii); |>i- u il n .- |i !>-i:. Ui 
cluiiiliiiiy, (ilif'ii fi'ii(ti.i:c--. ilii' hit* I lit'. \'\ i.!<«i • 
Il il iiiit liki'ly lli.ii lie i!i(>u!>i iM.r ji.* iiiini;')t'i 
tc*i'tiry iiii|iriiyc:iiii'iit, wliu la nll!l{^->l in i^ii-1) im^v 
all fjiciid ihe hoiiiity ul lii*. aiihib iiici •-•tuiufi ; uinl 
e iKukct ulvvayi ciialiW-i him to li i i i- Kuutjii 
out frrking it in lHl(lk^. Ic wnuil In- ir<|'|>/ iT 
{» roil 111 hr fi) I'onirlvcJ, ilinr, forwani fil i-iiipln) 
t| hfl (hoiiM hr ttrivrn m tlmrr Vdlumt'-. wliric rm- 
iiiffnt of the Iwrctnll kind iii:iy lie alwavi fiuiint, 
uicd wiih ihr ititilt valiMhlt; iiilv.ini.i^M'-.. A pio- 
n of inonry at aihiMith i\yc i.-i nift uiiioiiniiuiily 
caufc (il* (iihlniuriit rxirav.t|^:iiii'r| ainl tnid'i r«) 
iJucc; one of tlie moll pniiiiioii!i niul h .lil riiralil* 
•■ a pHMH-nliiy lit }*aniin^',. Mm irali<iiin)M.iiM(Viiil 
* ag:iinll thr partialiiy dl fonu- imul irlatitin, v^ho 
i(il lud'cr pii'lriil )tlra(iii-r Id hi* ii('|Mi'^tt*tl l»y htr 
It filer, fur the lakr ol an :u!\ttnt.i^;<' which ii dill.iiil 
uucrrt.iin. 

lit iiliiilly fiippdfcd tli.)l m.iti'rn.il iiHc-rlion ii 
|»cr ihaii pairiitul. 'riinc i\ ittt (ioiiltt liul ih.it 
flrii iiiirrpod'A in ailjullini; tin* jd.tii ot rdiu.uidii. 
iiiil ((dii iiudc il ton aim.iltlr di Im- iriiliirrd with 
lily. Yrl wr iniitt all- it, ih.tl it ii iiiM pollihli: 

a iiinlhri, llinii^di tcDiildr and at i oiiipliihrfl, 

III 111* lit wril i|iialih(il tit din'i't I'n' rair (it ii htiy'i 
'Htioit ill all itri pail*., a^. .i t.itlu't i>l rtin.tl alnliiif. 

lh(* iiiipui'l.inl di'p.iiiniriili m (ivil lite an* li I led 
mrn. Thr pulpit, ilu- Itai, tin- h nni- iKutK', .irc! 

opiiatrd til iiii'ii. Men, liiMii till- l.t iliiy with 
.li ihry iruyt'l, and ilu-n liipi-iUii li.iidiin I-., li-r 

A 1 J vwv tti 



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liii/.ft'. .T.-.vl ii\; uctliiy of I .::i:' in she pr.ic:u*o i'l t\e-y 
h". Ti! rf, in :.-.:• convr ..r.i.r. ct the cr.'.it v.fnc.f, sr.J 

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Nu. 1^4, MORA r, Ac. 147 

fiitf-nl putt !m itir lltPrtdr* n(' llm woilil. Ahhnii}{)l (hff 
tnilit-(l(ih nf iiliimry •liji ipliipi i\if\y )t\vt* piiitt rvati ki^ 
tlinlp \vl|i» kuipv il In III' l.ilitifilVi yiM (liny mull ltO(« (of 
(l|<? UUv nf' IjiMtili^ tlirii iMVM frrltiiirn, fti'.l (It CdMUitUk* 

(ion 10 tlirii jiiil^iiirttl« himI (III an iih'pdmltir ihjuiy (a. 
(iiiilc vwhiiin (I111V iii'ilt iniiilrrly tuvri ICvvfitivo li*iii(^ 
Miot ihthilp,* Mir i\tr* \\\\'\tu(\\r\y t}XKxi\\v9 ri^it((i*i 

Willi (hr rscrllrni i*IIp«U n| Spftilfdi iliU »)liiir, r\rt^ 
rmc 14 (t«i|ii;iiiMi7l, i)f \\\0 Irtin^idrtbla vniM'*4iiiiMv^4 i>£ 
IttitlriM ir'lic<(i(trMi| lUily r\prtieiKf fiiMilihni i*Ji(tm|lr«. 
Tlif* piirnli* n^- (!) p^tinitt nrttl (cmMrtlili*. K^liit'iniiiiiiti 
muM hrj-jui (Il -r'. 'rriit|HM<(MiT, ililiKflfigr^ lt»'»»li!lly., 
HhU linniilityi ((tuiKii hv mo 0^^1y iitiLuUiKotl, 'I hrlif 

will Irtlil tllHHil.;ll ihi* tfttlpll* (il vlrtiln (() \\\(\ (Pittplo nf 

iKtltiMir Atdl hrtpniiml^. Ill ihl« prii{t(^<?l<t* llti^t UHupJiiif* 
will I'ghii'ilitirv hf» n«c<<r4ty t b^i Ut htn (h« pt«lfiu«t of 
fiK*p(}r vorrraii>n fllv« nn upponuitlty du t)i« gi Akihia^uti 
of vltiil>Ulvt drui«Uy« Inhumnnltyi cvm in i^ftulbyt* ««!• 
mill uui of pftllmcloii. 



««■■ 



No. CXI-IV. ON TtIR P0EM3 ATTRIHUTIO 

TO ROWLKV. 



^" M KU K rti« mmx truth* wliii It we liitnly b«li«vi*, 
tluiiipji wr Mi-o iiiifililif III t-pfuiff iiypiy Hi'itumpnt 
which iliri f<tiirtiif« lulttilty of iriiim^l lf*rtrtitn}) mity ftil* 
VAttcn to idv^liiUtf? ihrni. Whrii I t-rnil the Mrt(ivhr4 
(if thoCct t«4Mirti! nnUi)UAririi who hnvc rndsuvmirrU tt> 
pl-0vr, thdt thr pormo ftiiiiltutr^it to Kowlry wcri^ i-cAlty 
wiUti'K by hliti. t nhlrivr timiiy iti^rninu!) r^niftrkA in 
CniiAimntioti (>( tlH^it* (ipiiiioti, whti h u wniiM hr itittouti« 
if not difH('utl« M rtinitovrit. Hui 1 imi (ugiiPf tiitn (it 
the potfitia* ihrtti (lir Ulioiii'orthrf(iiUi(iMiipii(tppf*(tt^oiil/ 
n WfilW ol tunr Mild lii|trmiity, mul I noi Invuluntrdily 
foKfil In |iMii In pl.'ii \\\y; \\\aY Inuirt* which hr (pritiD di 
Wi*ll to Intvp (Irlrivril, (in llip liinw nl (.'luKrrtQh* 
The* pni*tnN hrdc (o tiitUiy toMtkii oC riip«iior ^rrtidti. 

ihat (hry htivc •Ictcrvfidly e^uirU Lhv ^Qttad AU«va\v\\\ ^^^^ 

M 4, ys>\»i«^ 



a^9 % S S A Y S, No. 144. 

police fcholnrs, and nrc mnfidArrd n» xhr rnoH rc- 
xnarkahlr produ^lionn in modrrri pnrtry. V/c h»v» 
fn.'iny in(hinrt'iiorpofti(;il rnrfn''nrr ;ji an c'lrly i\yr ; Imt 
neither Cowlry, Mihon, nor I'c'pr, ever iinxinccd i\i\y 
thin^, while thry wci«: hoys, which ran jn(lly ljr tcim- 
pnred to thr porrrui of Chailrrton. 'i he Irarnnl ;inti- 
c]iiaricA Jo not indrrd (lifpntr tlicir rxci-ltrnf r. 'J hvy 
vxU}\ it in thr }ii;h«-il trriii*; (if applaiih*. 'I'hcy lailt 
thrir favourite Rowley to a livirhy with Ilnincr; hut 
thry makr thr very mcrii of ilic v/ofkr, an suy umcnl 
a^Niinil the real author. I', it poflililc, fay they, tli^il 
a hoy could produrr compofiiions (o hraiitiful and fo 
niaflrrly ? That a rominon hoy fhonld produce them 
Jk not pofTihlr; hut that thry fliovdd he produced hy 
:i hoy of an ex tr.n ordinary ycnnia, fuch a genius as n that 
(d Ilotner and .Shulcrfprarr ; fuch a (genius i'i<^ appeara 
not ahovc once in many ceiiturir» ; thuuy,h n prodigy, 
in ftich an one ai hy no incani exceeds the hounds of 
r.-iiional crcdihility. 

That Chait^rion wa<i fuch a f^rnius» hifi mannrri and 
hi'- itf'r in fonie i\ri!^rcc, evince. He had nil the tremuloua 
frnfil ility cd j'cniii'i, all ici ru f-niri'Miir',, ;,11 if. priilr, 
;ii.(l all its fpiMt. IWTTi lii:. d'ath, iitif(irtwn:itr and 
wichcd at. it wa'., (Iif| laycd ;i in.'i;^nii ii<!'* of lf>\i\, wiiit h 
nrj^rd him to fpuin a v^orM, whr-rr rv([i )in (/..illrd 
};(-niuri could not vindicitc him froiri (ontciojity iniii- 
^'cnce, and (onluiuf ly. 

A|/ainfl ihr opinion of hi-, fiijiriioiity of ;^rniu', ill'' 
rnif(('ll;inir". v/hich lir piililiOif-d in ;i p": I'xii' al prin.pMrt 
arc tiiuni|>h;inlly pionuird. liiji what [iii>of i, t.'i'-rr, 
that all witi' U :\rr ;ilt 1 ih'iir-d to Inni vi r\r ir:,\\y I. r. ttv. n * 
They air colh'^trd ahri liii «h-;iili ; <(iilr/lrd, 1 f-ij p'f'*, 
hy t.onjrj'tnir, and pul)ii(li'-<l in :i (r|».'ir;ii'* vol.ini'-, 
v/ith all thr lypo^M.ipliK al nr.it.i oi dw li.illy p::iiij-fi!''ii 
lioni v/lii< h thry aic M'piinif-«1. liut in ii:iiny '.} ll.r 
pictr-: which wrrc tonfofi'''lly wiiiKn hy him tli':-;r'r 
inaik'. of" prniiK, ndi iri'l'^'d i'(|n.il to tln»i'* M ; ' r 
coiinirifcil I'owlr/, l«ut he l> ;r. |'M)v, ll..»l ti i- I ■/ 
who Wioir tlirni r/.ii!d wiitr hrtlf i. In t (jni|io/iri" I'.i* 
aiK iriit pornis all In: :itrfntioit had hi f m '- 1< r!r-.. |; 
ua-. thrfiiO, and frriir. lo liavr hrrn thr- pirafll , (di.'l 
oi 111!' life, lu laifc iijuiiclf_ to iutuic oinii.' r.' < l'\ the 



inll: u- 



No. 1 44- M () K A I., iVr. 341J 

inl^iiinentAliiy !•(' r fiiMiiiinn poit nl' .i finurr n}*,r. 
NighM, If" not ilays, wnr ilrxmril li> ihf \vi»ik ; lor \\(f 
hnvr it nn rrtonl, tlinl ho ii(('il m hi ;i\v:iKr in hjq , h;itn- 
bcr (1iirin|r \\\c filrncr ol inidnij'Jit. I!iti ilir litrlr (mii 
pnfition^ whiih he wrnir lor lh«' miiy.i/lur*, wnr ritlirr 
wrictrn in .1 cnrrtrf^ morul, whrn lir i(l:i\ril hj^ minil 
from hi.'« grmul work, or in a niomrni ul diilrcCi. uh^'ii 
an cxlrniporjiry rlliiv 01 mpy nl vnlri w.-is urn Hinv to 
pmciirr hiiii a httlf'prnny toll :\\u\ n ilr.in)>ht of Incill hm . 
whrii he* foinul ihflt \\\r ri)iii<ri wrrr nimr ilrliium nC 
«]UAniity than ipinlity, .iml .iinidfl thr luiinrnMM vitliin 
tccri in ihcir frrvirc, frrmril hiukwiiril to rn)»nj»o wiih 
one who wan (oil .1 iliprm), he loirfAw th.it rvrn ihr lit. 
tlf which n^turr wantril wotiM nnt 1h* lupplicil - Mr l^w, 
and rrfi^rnrd h\n iiMlignant Ijuiii. 

'^Unloiinniitp \wy\ llmii itiul rvil wnr tliv dnv^, ItuC 
thy f'Amc Oull hr imm01t.1l. WuMi ihou drm Known to 
the muniht'rnt pntronn nl grniiM Diii wmII thou noi 
known In one T II fiinir rfpott thy trrntnirnl tnity. ic 
wan not kind nl'ihrc*, lioi.itio; it w^^ not lilir thvirlf, 
for thou art gcntlr in thy nntiirr. W;il) thou not ronfi- 
clcrcd an thr orttrlr nf tallr, thr invrnig.itor nl',!!! ih.it if 
(utiou!! in '.tits ;n\d litrnturr T It Wiii ihrn, .it Inll, thy 
only pride and plr.il'urr in hring to light .1 rMt;ilo)Mir nl* 
rr>^/an 1 M'-^V .luthora. - What hadll ihon to do with rrp> 
lilm P with n |Yonr, IVicndlrli, and obUure chiuitv hpy f 
npliilr!*, rxilninn Horatio, it wnn a fotgrry a hoiiidi x 
vilo forgriy- Impollor.v avr not In hr rumiraprd Hnc 
In vn niK thcr, Hiilll not thou put a Ijilfi* n;jrnr to ihr 
own romance, -In thy own poor pioJui^tirn, for (mh it 
is wlirn rcMnpnrctI with the lahliinr rycrllemr ol'l'hat- 
lerlon ? If, indeed, thy nrgln'l ol ihr pDor liny jimfr ImmiI • 
millake or inadvntenry, anti ! thinlv it mij»hr, the grrir- 
tous I'uldir lirely foijMvri ihrr ; Inu il linru pride .oid 
infolenie, the prrfcnt and all lutnrr (imei will |iiol).-i|ilv 
reTent an rtniHion, whiih li:»nrnril onr ot the j;rrnto|| j^r- 
iiuili"' \vhii h I'.nj'lnnd rvrr knew, at the tkyr of a Inn-, to 
lh.1i bourne liiMM uloih tm trnvrlirr rt'iurni. 

linl(>itiinite bov ! pooitv u;iU thou iU(»tnniod;i(rd 
ihiiiiig ihy (hfMi rojiMitmni^ anion)*, ui* ; rudciv w.ijf 
thou Heated,— lorely dul thv frrlin}* ioiil (nflri from 
llu: Icurn vi the unw\;rihy ; and there aic, at lail, iholr 



7 



■ '. 



K r, % A y ^,, 



r*'*. M. 




f.'/t '_'*rjyrfS'l 'J .!»j/ ir:, r.'.'.r-j) < ■ '»';'. « .'* :•' i'. ", •- 
f'^jiiW-'f of III? fj/«*<.u)ftM'.- ;, 'M'r^^t ''/ K*" '."#'" J ft- , 

.r'' .,'.■, '■^'^.■'' '.jflii*' t', »"■/ f'/ «.'' : « #f.. 

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Nil. H)'. M n I' A t., .^;c. afi 

ttiV pmili^t 'llivlrll lliiitl li:Ul iMiitil.tf.iinrii • lliinr |i\w) 
Itimuitiirnl flimi h;iil rrii'l''il. lim ilirywIiMtn Umii Inlt 

lU'ltj^lili'ii, li-^l fl p|rtiiiii> III viiiilit .tllli({ lliill<' liiiiiLiur* 

fhiiit llip iihln fltiqt ii^ III ilrii4i'liiiii 'I li\ li iiiiiiuiii--}, 
tliv vnli', thy tlivtlmi tin' nil iimmIi i h, .iir n\\ liiiuci, |l^ 

Ul(* lirlp III tfiti(jillir!t ;|lit| ilu*lliiliMii« . ;iiul itll* jiriul.'l 
lil Itldny dill I'.ll^jlllt WlilcM, (liiiil litiK itri'll ilbltf ti.t 
tMtlltnlU ihp IdMiMiP^^r v\ ihn pir |i lit liiitr inln tli^it iit 

fuMiiPi irntiiiin, 1 lii'ii Im;) luiih ntt itrulii ImI imii. 
*l'Uf (liMir^ (iir tiipllV siit«l <ilil| ttir ulmlf Utnn ip|K.iri 
Mnlly nnii^iir to iltp ililtiiui :iiiil tin* i.unli-iii i|irtLiiiii ^ 
Vvril lltr ii1iit)iM(lriir« w-ltii piitre \m\\\ r{<ri'i:ii In mt |Ii<* 
Iit1||(p lloitP«« mill illljirt'la till* lifiliy iiMiilrtliitt') With :ltt 
ttlMli|tl-1iiili| I VI'. Itnlilly iniilti iiti> .iii~ • iU 4nlii|iiilVi tin's 
Htry wIhi psftininr wiiliiiiii I'll iii'iii ". .hhI \t\ tin- iiiir. 
liiitt «*( fniniiiuit l(ii|ii« ili>:iil\ ililin\ii llti (« Hit lit ailJ 
ihi* Wfitknirtiiiliij* i>l St iiiihli'Mi ntiidui. 

Mut tluMtj?lt 1 I ;tiilii-t i'titi tltiltt A ilniilil lint itial itin 
purine wrir x^rillni [ly \ ll:ll irrliin, yri I ituiin iml t<i 
ill»M;tlf* lo mlirr.-^, imi will I r\^y^i^yt* iti i cinlifivrtly, | 
IllvP iMiiirlliii niv In linjM f4« llml^ nf (iii*iii)ii, wliti. 
iHmi^ll (if* ii'lii'i'li llir ()i|ily 111 (tiiiii|iiiiirq, dilliKi-^ tlitf 
Itliml ptrpi'iit ra III tin- niiMP rtiilii|ii»iy. 1 jravr ihf> 
Wi*:tpuiia nf ruiMtiiviMfy to hr wH'liinl III ilttiln piiwrt-liil 
ihrtttipiimq 111 tlip • Miilr nl lilKitirin.n. n Tyuvliil iitiil a 
WniliMi. I ynr (I lin^Ji* yntr fill l liMtlritMii ; tint I rtlU 
titftt^r IHI inifirll lit hi* (.iviMir 

• - - . -• 

Nt). CXI ,V. «»N -I in MnMAI. ri.NlilNc.V l)V 
TIM'; \VI» II INC.', iM 'jllUtNt- 



- ■• 



1*r l< til*" pilvilrjir nf jirtuiM, l|!.H flin tun, in yti\\\ 
f.yi I V iiti|i .'t I III wtlii h ii I ntliq II-: Iiilllf tf I It r> lit 

IImcIH i« lit IM liuhf mill III -il III- •llifi'jiil i*M iirfi<M'>M',* 
iifi If, fiiilif (liilip f<f n'l iij'ji tiiliti' (iiif'i* n i iiiiiiiiiiiii 
%Mli'<l ) rtP'l (It'll U'|i|> li ti:iiMi,il|-,' I II Iti -. Iiri|iii| niitl 
flV* ilinii, lit y\im nl l.ill iK |>1. :i!i . < •■ tniia« Iil.i' l)ii' f.iltit 
litlin liii\vi I (if il IV| |i|:i:i, (• r>iii4 l<i i nliVt I I It 1 1 ll« tfillr lli"i 

iniii K"l'l« '***'^ Willi ill' \M>iii!i I fill i!iii|irttv fif llif^ 
fii^ii't'ipln I s Huiir. Ill tMiihiiiiii \\\- \'.\\i\\ vw v\\c Y^^^^^^ 

M (l %vxx>a\ 



i{t ESSAYS, Ka. 14;. 

memt. Hence it hu lixfipcntU, thai doArintu which 
common renfo tiiil common |>ruil«nce have rcpiidUicdr 
alt no fooner recomnicndrd by writer) of itflniui, th>a 
they DTc rccciwd s^itiiout debate, and ftdmire^ u the 
uhiniKte dtfcoveiieti ol* im proved philulonhy. Let iha 
tkme aplniona lie Advjnced \iy a dull wriKr, and tvtn 
thi v«in and the viciou), whom they irnd 10 ejioourayet 
will refute and difavow il^cm frtim principle! of pruto 
«nd o( limine. 

That Sterno poflelTed A £ne P in id e of real gcniui. IF 
our reafon were difpofcd to deny it, our fenutioiu an 
perufing him will Fully evince, hit, 1 think. *n infallible 
proof of real geiiiu.i, when a writer poffefTo the power of 
Uiakin^ the ntrvet, or of all'efling the muid in the luoA 
livclv nianner lu a few wordi, and with the molt perfeA 
fltnpliciiy of languRge. Such b pouer conl'picuotidy 
maiki botli n Kli^ikcfprRre and a Sterne; thuu|;h Stcmo 
i» hr boliHv Shaki^fpoare in the Icftlo uf genius, 

1 am ready 10 alluw to Sterna another and a molt ex* 
tited merit befide^, and above the praife of genial* 
There never wu a heathen philofopher of any age M 
nation, who has rrcommrndccr, in fo iifl'^diiii; n manner, 
the tn-iiijiiMiu iliitliiin-.ot"!i}!rii<.'i.il plul^iiiilii.ipy. Hfl 
hai coircfted the acrimony of- the heart, Iniootheil ihl 
ifperities ef natural temper, and intiglit the milk of hu> 
man kindncfi to Aowall*ch«erily (it i> hii own exprcffion] 
in eentle nnd uninterrupted channeJi. 

To hive cfiMled fu amiable a purpofe ii a great 
praifa, a dillingiulhod honour. I lament that the praife 
U IcTened and the honuur fullicd by many faults and 
many folliei, which render the writing) of Sterne jnllly 
■nd greatly reprehenfible. 

If wc conlider them ai compofitioni, and are jtuided 
in our judgment by the diiUica of found ctiticifmi 
and by thofe Ilandardr of excetlsni'e, the re^itude of 
which has been decided by the tellimony of the politell 
ages, it will be neceiTory to pronounce on them a fevere 
fentence. I'he great critic of antiquity required, ai the 
nccelfary GonAitucntl of a legitijuatc compoHtion, a 
htainning, a middle, and an end. I believe it will ba 
dillicult lo find them >rf)tt> chaotic cnnfulion of 'rriltram 
Shandy. Hut, difreg^ing the tribunal of Ariftotlt* 



Ho. I4(> MORAL, Arc. 7^1 

to witicli tli<^ moilrrn prrtcMulrm in irrnlui do not con- 
fidrr thrmfflvri aa nmrnahlr, it will Hill Ue ttiir, rvcii 
hy the ilrciliifnii of irnfuti utui coiiiition (I'lifr, ilut hii 
writings ftboiind with fnulti. 

Oliiciiritv luR dlwAyn brrn (Irrmrd onr of the grrntrfl: 
crrori o^ wnich a writrr cmii hr K^ii^iy I ^^^^ titrir hnvc 
been f'rw rrrtdrtn, rtrfrpi tliofc who thought that tiir 
Acknowledgment would drrognto fmm their rrpuiAtion 
lor wirdoiMi who hnvr not complnined thnt TrillrHm 
Shandy U in many plAi-en dilgullfully olikurr. 

'I'ho Admirem nl ^)trtuff extol liin wit. Hut I hclievc 
it will bo found that hifi wil ii of the loweil kind, And 
the eafiefl of invention t Tor in it not for the moll nntc 
nllulivc olWcenity/ a (peciea of wit to he Innnd in 
ill f'ullcil prrf'c^Uon in thr vulgnirll nnd vilell haiMitA oC 
vice f It i*, indeed, eAf'y to nttiA^t the iiotiic uiid 
the AdmirAtion of the yonlhCul nnd (lu* waiuoii, Uy 
exhibiting loole imageii under a trrtnlpnnit vtil. It i!i 
true indeed there ii ufunlly a veil, nnd tlu «lrtenl Arr> 
iheieforc tempted to trad ; but thr veil, lilcr Ip-* nllrt^lrd 
modrlly of a vourteKan, Icrvci only u.'< lui aiiilf e tu la^ 
cilitAte corruption! 

'I he piAJfc of humour Iiaa hern lavifhrd on hint wltli 
pfCuliAr bounty. 11 ouaintnrin in luinuMit, thr ptaifo 
in all hin own. and let L'ervnntci and l''it Idinu bo\u 
their hcadn toiitrrnr. They who udniiir UmK' Tuby, 
i)Oi^lor Slot), and C'orponil Trim, a!« naiur;tl (-hnia^lrr.i, 
nr ai exhibiting true hnnitnir in their tnannnn and n\\\. 
vcrl'rttionn, am little ni't|uitintrd with nalinv, Hud havn 
no jull talle fbi- gmuinr hiitnuur. It is uvidnit rnoii>;)i 
that the aulhni mcMut to be hunidrou.i anil witty, and 
many ol hir; tradn.N, in the abunilnnic of their good-na- 
lurr, have taken the will ('or the deed. 

Hut till nb(i niiiy, till <ib(u'niiy, till cpiaintnef's (ill 
impudence, till cjJdity, and »urie w mtnnnrlN, v ilibirf^, 
nnd cxtiavap/MUT, ate p«*r'' I'lij)!'*! inuiiiiuf*. I'lilliiini 
(ihnndy cannot juilly ebnm the rank in wliit h it hai 
been rnifed bylullvnnd ialhion, byr.tpiiir, libniinilni. 
And Ignorance. 1 Icnuw that thiM ithIuh' will br* kmu 
(idfred an blaCphcniy by the? idtilatein c»l Nhrnc ; Imt 
I hnpc it will n«i ((Mir thnt milk (>(' hnniiiii kiiiilnif) 
whiiti they inny hnvo imbibed hum hiu wriiinn'. ; .vvwk 



■ • •#•«.••■• t*^**!!* •• 



were laughing at hi*, nuilinur, as if lie li.iil ftfccnclc 
pulpit ill a itcitu*, nml pimchrtl in moi'krr/. M 
howrvrr wtiitcn nothing hue hit rrtmoita, he c<*n 
wotiUl not h.ivc hrt'M CMil'iirrcl at the deft royrr o 
niomlr; ;in(l (hr h;i)i{*lnc*r%(ir piiv.-iti* life. 

ThcTc? .ii(>, iiidcrJ, I xijiiii'rtc* tiiui hci of the pni 
iMtrifprifrcl il)ioii}>hout :ill hi. Worki. His n.ii 
Uorirs arc j»rraily .idrnircfl. The p:iih»*rir wan ihc 
rxcfHfiMV ol hi"i wriiinp/i ; hin atlniirn-.i will Ih 
pliMrcil if (Mr wrtr to :i'hi, tlint it U the on!) 
uli'ih ailniiin of uii.ilhiycd ;ipplau(r« It i*. cert. 1 in! 
uhii!) (iiit'ily ailoitr. the :irnliinriit.ii Jouiricy ; a 
whivh, vvh.iifvrr arr jf i tnrrici, ha.i had n prrni 
innurnci* mi thr viiinf, :ind c-onU'ipiinily on (he h 
iirls oi piiMic .Mid jiiivair I'oticiy. 

'I'hai U)l\url\, (h.il aflr-rlfd and f*\Cffiivr fynipnt 
fitO fif^ivt, i!int irti(iinriiia) ailc.-tion, whtih ii hii 
tn «///j;/"/fi 'tod whicli i-i (it ({nmyjy iiifplird hi 
.Scniiiiiriital Jouriiry, nnd hy Tiiiirain Shandy, havr 
the* mill (d (!it)u(.ind-. dT <iwr f'diiiitrynu n ancl rou 
woinrn, \»'h<» f.iiiriril, thar wlnlr ihry wrir lirrakin 
lawn of (fod .itid in.tii, iltry wcic: aMuaird hy the 
li'c'lin;;? ni jh:f/»i,'i/,i/ ,i^/i:/.,.n, 1 low much arc «liv 
ttUtlMplird litiiT Strriif- apprarrd ! 

Slc-irif liinilf'li. with .ill lii*. nirli^rinnir . in f:i\ 



No. 146. M O R A L» .^e. sf} 






No. CXI,,VI. ON TICK wuu;n r and i-kfi- 

CACY WMtCri MOKALITY NfAY DKRIVIt 
VHOM TMK INFMJBWCK ANO IIXAMPMS OF 
THOSE WHO AKK CALLUl) THK OKKAT. 



<fcfa«— j-«*i^i— — ^>^^ *■ ■ ■■«-- < 



IT ii true, indrrd, thnt the worlJ whontuls wiiH 
moral inAru^lidii, aiul tlut tlirro is (carcrly :iny 
goOil thinp; i'o rafily obt.nnnl m c;f>od ndvirr ; hiu ii ii 
no Irfn trut, that moral tnftrut^kinn ntul )r)od Niivion 
nrc found 10 pofTcf?! n very fmnll tlr);»rrc nf nWUirnrr iu 
tho bury walk^of ni^Uvo lif'r. In thrcltuich, wo hcttr \hr 
fcripturn read and frrmonR prrnchnl ; in thr lilir;iry« 
we liudy and admire the morality of rhr nhilorophcrft ; 
but howfrw, in the aiMuul purruitiofnmbition, oClntr- 
rctly ofplrnAirc, and rvrn in the common odiipatinnii and 
intercom fe of ordinary liir, fiifler their conduct to ho 
re|;u1ated by the priHT)>t of a Solomon, of a S^'C/atcf, 
ur of him who wa.i greater than eithrr I 

No frntence u tritrr, than that nil example ii 
more powerful than pteeept ; but when the examplrt 
u fet by the rieh and the {(rear, iti inlluence on tho 
herd of mankind bccumci irrrfiltible. What can bookfi 
efie^l? what avail the gentle admonitionn of the letircd 
moralini ai;;iinil the examples of lord.i, dukcdi nn'i 
Eail rndia Naluibii f Can the Hill fniall voire «»f conK't« 
tnce be heard by thofe who live in the nolle and tunuilt 
of plenl'urablc pi»rrutt.i / or can the mild doi^trinrs of 
tho bumble Jefuii be ailendrd to, amid the a[;itatinnft of 
the gamin|;-tal)Ie, and the dcliauchcric.n of n brothel ? 
A vuiotiR nobleman, or prof]i{»nte man of hilhion. 
contributci more to extirpate morality, and dimini(h tho 
little portion of hoppinels which iti allowed 10 mankind, 
than nil the malignant writin^n of thr focpiic*), irom 
Mandfvillc and Uolin^^broke, down to the feeble ami 
cowardly, yet conceited writer, who infinuate« his ror- 
rupt and infidel opinions under the fair femblaner (>f 
an elegant hUlory. 1 cnnnot help obferving, vvlvrvx I 



tlUiik «f ikU la> wd mm ■itrnipt, lUi ii reftnUn 
Out of dw tvU ^ii, whi). ikhcn he bF|vil«d i)t« 
MMlMr of HUuMbo, anj ruii>rd «ll hrr fi>i«mny, >M 
rtra feft mrdi of m i'Xr.V.i cKx^omc^. The ferpcai 
wulMwcvsr cBrfedi i. .r i„c ,iii). hi(h»ri«n U invitfJ 
W iGOOrt* nwardad ..r: ,.:;cc-< oi' Kooanr nA aj- 
vatUM* Mdcucrly r . .;,.-.: m iKc lt£tfl»itv« boJvvT 

IlU «rt««Iy trw, ilui »bea a gomsmcni beilotn 
IWCuUtr koWHiron »cn uho hitc *r)itcn afilnll ili« 
idbtM of tM nuRtr^. mJ whn ti««-c imptfuflv riM|ki 
WwUttlw Ri«|afk>Dil<. •■ mall l^tc ihe rffpra aad 
aittclHMatof «lT (OOd uicn. The nHelon of • cmMtry 
i* MR^wMMibly wwthy of iu<wc folitinde in In 
pnAnratlM tlwa x\m pollil^al (ixtAiiutian. kowrvar 
mcvUcAtaaJadiRinibt- Riit|i, wtthafl ihcimtfliMi 
wd prtfonuvflft li»elvr<i anJ Um>, are mflM c>'<»> 
paiM W MM fytbn tif trtieimi, on wMct) de(ica4l 
tba tuapanl and «cniil vrTuir L.r rs<M ;»-Ii>)J«iu 
lhraii|[lKnittlt« flwpiiv'. "^^ '■•■u ■■■- ! - ...'.^r/* 

fttCMbfal aduuaiAiad . i . : . »d 

the Apwricani ftrouri , If 

h.fvf. i ih^l.- .>.Ki.h u:v .ni ir..- i-ciMijn ci * kind 
r..Au:<-r..f. .i.JiL.^ic v.liu-h (hr.'r us iii ihU \4le« 

Dai riij-.L>.i ii; i!'e r.i 



[.Ja 


wiuiilm «f a 


t.-nu 


\'M\. anj icm- 


.lifii.r 


1 «. impoftii*. 




i!iiiaiit-rf i j« 


the J 


i;"ine> .r ihfir 


111. IV 


hen ihev e\iit' 


■M »*h 


ich ihe.v Allow 


l'*> .ill 


1 ihe muliiiuJa 


1 iM 4 


feiijiwn. »Vea 


<tnJ 


J !o:*tt I* U.i- 


r.>H ei 


iM l^(■ ih:e. 


\.v.. 


..J ,;s.,i,t. 




■.^fi, preienij. 


...-■ [h: 


!.<■ !.:nj;-!.>>v.»f 


■.■.:^e 


i:i.bii.;e.. bill 



'No. 146. M O R A r , 8cc. 1^7 

mull ftfcl An hont-ll inillj^nation, if a man wfrf raifnl 
t(t the rhancellorfliip of luiglaiul, in wluifc liilJKiluI arc* 
fo many rccltilailicul pret't*rmeui.t, were a Itully in his 
prorrflioni and in private Wk a wlimrniallri ? Who can 
wonder that the thoufHnd little imiiatori ni' him Ihould 
think it a mark of I'pirit, wifdnm, and aliiliiiio, to fiol- 
low his (lepb in the paihat^f vice, ami, it poKiide, lt> 
t'Nceed hit enormitieN^ What mull the (('mninn pcopit' 
think when prolligate men are advanced to the head id' 
a profeilion f They cannot luit helievr, thai thole whu 
are reputed to be Co much wlier than iheuilelvci, ami who 
are evidently greater, in a worldly fenfc ol' the epithet, 
miid have cJioien that fyHem oi opiniontf, and that plan 
of condu^i which are moll likely to he juil ami rational^ 
fife and pleafant. '* If my Lord, or hit (iiace," diya 
the mecnaniCi '^ of whofe wildom JilU'iiiiig lenatea 
" Aand in awe, is a debauchee and an inlidel, i mult 
" conclude, that my purilh pieachrr, an ohUuie and 
** homely man, i& a hypocrite, leligion a larccr, mora* 
" lity i ufelefi reAraint on the liberty oi nature. WeU 
** come, then, univerfal libertinifni ! and let ub hallen 
" tothehoufe of the harlot 1 let uh drink the fweet cup 
'* of intoxication i let Uh Icorn the creeping mannem of 
" vulgar indullry, and, like men of limit, leek our fur* 
** tune with a pillol on the highway.'* 

We will fuppoftf the cafe of a great ollicer of Hate* 
but of in abandoned chara^ler, rehdiiig at a great houfe 
in a populous (Ireei of the metropolik. lliti cniilj)icuoua 
Aation draws the eyes of all the neighbouib on every 
part of his pjivate as well as hib public comlu^i. Lliit 
neighbours, we will proceed to fupnole, aie. honrtl men. 
bred, in what he callii the prejmliceb, but which they 
really believed the virtues, of their foref^tcheiN. They 
are faithful hulhand.'i, liit^y are conllaiU chinchmen. 
They are temperate and oiconuniical. They aie induf- 
(rious in their occupations, and jull in the payment of 
(heir debts. Hut the great man producer in them a to- 
tal metamorphulib. lie lives in u Hate of laniioiiulile le- 
paratlon from his wife, whom he treated (iiully and 
ivickedly. lie keepb a milhefs. Ills houle la a coullani 
fcene of intemperaiii fdiivity. Ills Sundayfi aie. in i 
pecuUttr manneri devoted to jollity, giniiiig, and ili-- 



]>ir (II iiir }',rr.ii iin^Minour. 

Now I ii(k, wlinlii'i (lif* icDi.'unt': of ji rninmf) 
Cmiori or oriiMtiriu) 1 piii)i,i(i!r'i, w/iirtiicr ihr* m.ix 
kiiM>|(B ui- lh>* ii(liin>tiirr(inn (it }iirjii hrri| ran roiiii 
l.iti4T I 111* wri^'ht nf \ui ii iwi rx nn|»Ir, rcii-lrird III 
liy luhc'j ;itiii );i.itnlriii, iitul .'iill ftillirr ii'ioiiiit 
l>v \\\r piitrtiM.ijM'oi A i^ni^,, mill ilir* ;iiiilioiiiy cif 
Vi.f* iiiii| 1111(1*1 y arci i(Miitiiuiri<.-i4tcil Iroin htm, 
h\*t hnf;l)l)ntiili(}(Hl| nml (lirn to tlio piililicAt l.irv 
inirni'iim Hiul friul ililrHi'ot iVoin llio foul con lug u 
j'titriii ciircarr. 

Hut if A kinfr, n coiirti 11 mini(lry» t pnrlii 
wrir tn honour iind rrwuid thoCc unly» or chiefly* 
cham^trrii wrrr nnitiipnichrJ, nrid to bmnil 
iufnrny, or ni lr»(} to ii'^^'Jr^t, thr ntintidotied ]i 
und llir iiu(l.i(-i(Min M ((piiriiirr, howrvcr (clclita 
rto()i|riHr ;iitil nltilitt'^R, fhrn woiiM thr rint 
fkyt'ii (in n tmfi* ol ;i(l,iinunt| thru wrnihl fntXu 
r#l)rlii((i) \)t* no motr; hihI thci riilrm ol this 
\V(«ii|(| (l^iiM-vr to \tv hMiHionl with m titir Cu 
thi'V h.ivr iidi.illy Inii Itittr 1 l.tiiii. ih.it of ihr Krp 
niur-. ol' ihr ilnirhrrnl tiiul Altiii|;hiy l«ord 
C'l cat It'll, 



1 



No. 147. MORA Tif 5c. i\o 



No, CXl.VII, ON I hi: riu)M.ic;/\cv anii 

C'LASM.S, AHl) ON TUK M 1 A N li OV riU'> 
VhNTION. 

Ad'utrmplntivr .mil l»rnr\oIrnt tnnn i:<MU:in'cly 
look down lor :) nioinnit on ihr liwir \\:i)l<fl \^i 
lir<« withtMit f'rrtiiij) hi** iMn|<;inioii pi'\^''ihillv oriti «)• 
On wKntevrr liilchr tiirni« hr iirhoMi Inrn'in 11 \nor liiill/ 
drj^rndrd, nnd (inking* into ih«* itifill lirplf r:il>lr uictili^ 
rdiir((<, in proportion a.i it rccrilc^ fimn 11 !< nniurul niul 
its nttniniililcprrfr^lion. Yr |hiloli«phrr!<. wlu'cxrrt your 
ini^cnuity to rxplodr, m K\\\\\r<r{\\\t\ , the liiilc viiitia 
And religion thnt rrmsiin nmong ur, Irnvo your ilokts 
iwhile, nnd furvfy m.mkind nn thry arc found in the 
purlieuf of rt grfitt ntrtropoliii, in the hnuntw of old 
brurv, rf St. Gilrn'p, of DukcN riacc, of llovklry in 
ihc Hole, of thf* hrolhel, of the* prilon-houfr, nnd then 
fny whether your hrArtu do not fmiir you on the n-colirc- 
tSnn, thAt you havr rvenifrd »hof«' t.ilrnin which <i«mI 
Almighty onve you B^r hcnif'.nnnt puipofru, in iMcnking 
down the foncm of morality i l.n him whovoolly ton- 
trovertiithe diiUn^Uon brtwrrn niotnl pooii ;tnd rvil, nnrt 
who, inlUftHtrd hy vice aiuI vnnitv, hf«)dl\ fi^;hi^ n^^niiiH 
the religion of Irfu?, nnd th<» couilotiJililc doMiinrs of 
gtare flud rrdomption, rrpnir 10 \\\c rrlln ^^\ \\w I'onvii'J, 
to ihr OMiflrninrd hoir, and Ip- t\d il\r iiiiili)ij^ht hcMir 
^itli ihr munlrrrr \\ho i;* doontril tn f.il! ;i viMimon \\\f: 
i^u^rrow {o the jnlliir rf hi* «i>iiiui\. Ah! liulo ihinU 
ll«r roiirriird foplnlK who lii imIipK .it ihrirdt'lh*. an»l 
tnrh ntrn i«» l.uirh :\\ wW that i-* liii»Mi«« auil lanrd, 10 
^l»at an ah) I-, i^l nnlriv thr ;uMumI pf-pMiir ofihrir Iptv 
i'ulntivi* I'piniiM]^ willirjlmo \Uv pror lolNhiM of lalicn 
A'lani ! If th« y (hoii\*hl rn thi'«. ami pntftHrd ht^'art^ C;i- 
H*lr s^i Irrhno, il r^ wiMild Ihmhh r al the trndcn* v if 
iniMr writiiM'.s jnul hnurfiMih I'ruph'V thrir ahiliurs in 
Mwiing human niJluio lo hi>ppin«M^ and di^uiiv. 



i> 



i nil iiii! -; lir r ■ . rr |ri| 111 tlii- i •-I'li ni': iil iiif •'! ii.:l !■ 
/\il«l 1 liii I ill- I III' I 1 lii (ill-: V. ill II |Mitr<-ii .1 |i!r 
1*1 I'll-', n wi'Ii'-iit .il f iiii.t Ml .^ i'l ' %''il 1 1 I I I'c 
liMir HI (li* pit'vrnliiiii, iii ii' Irjll tli'' iiii'..fil, 

rMinil-' llllli'l V :llll'l|IL' |)|r III;', -if |||f llliili lit. I 

flllil |irili-i| : llir utiill iilrlill llir~iu|ii*|i i>t |lir li 

iiilvf I li.ivi' 11(1 i-rr-iii f"! liiil Ijii-i ii-« 111 j 
will! It jiirri'iiitQ 111 piiiliin d ii-iliiiii;i! j'liiiil liiili'jirr 
III llir h4|*|iiM(-l3 III iiiilivhIiidU i dill I I .tiiiifi 
lliiiiki. (r« 4 l>n-iii iif ^Mivciiiliiriil wliith ilrnv 
{•Uil til 111 wrdlili ftotii the wirli li'*>liirli ol llir | 
|iitit III il^ htlip-i'ln, lint iiiity il> Ir.'livr liiil 1I14I 
^itt riiiiMiiri^^r tiiiiMii iihriii Ini llir l<tlir nl rut 
a trvriiiir. IJintiL'll it lliiiy jir lUUlirtl III il ililifr 
III tliiijiriq. 11 (111 nirii In liiraii. In lirtir. In 1 1 Ur 
lUr it4(rl|||(lll wllll rillrilillli:) It, llliWriTl liMitci 

livil liiiiii«iitat timl irimivlinl Inl hia wiiilinii, ilrlr 
lif lli^'iiiii(i/ril ivilli iinitiotliil iiifuiiiy. Thai lli 
fiiiil iiiilnira ul itir tiivvrr ( lulti'i 1 liirliy iit'ilr 
lli>- iiiiilllplii jIiiiii 111 limilrQ (i| p||lili( rii|('l(4| 
|Q A liiitli ivliii li iitiitr liMvr rvi'i 1 (iiiti nvri li-it, 
pri)i-i|t3 nil rliri'liut hiiil priiuiiiiriit ii-iiinlv 4 
sippIi'->!. r.-|lliiii|l llir iiiti-i p-iliti>iii III llir ir^'illjl 
|r||>-iiiii|! llir iitiinli'-| iij piililii Imlilt--:. uiul t%\ r 
It 111 n'l li ml my iiiln itir 1 ti:ii .I'li'i ? nt I iuilr in wli 



M O n A I., JVr. iOt 

nplildfiirri. wn lititit (pi L . in fidirt irdMinri, Im- 
vUtiiMl n( rt ()ilin(p whiiii prtlifi}') |li>> li ^lil.thiir 
Kit irtili« rttly I III* 

ll 14 tritiiiit. Om\\ iitiuli !•( tttr pintli^ftrv pI 
brtait (ifiitM- Mii(>'a hntti i%lirittr i^iiintiiii r. All 
ii(i|i« willt fltiliiiii \\\v jMijIi (iimt nl innin ifoiiil, 

imrt{f)nrti v> WtirtI 14 ii t\'Hiili nitill ii>ii()iliiifi 
;»/, fltiil rt|i|irAi (itpriii'l 1<> All nlli«^i iiltj>i'U, jti 
\\\ i>l ft uiriih Imimi 111 (\ iilUi (It A p,Mttet cil 
t-ppl« 01 llnidil Ni. i«ilr«*a. nhtiolt lUtvnl wiili 
III ttunui^i ihiiiii|> Iu4 iiilrtii« V, liralrn, ipvilpij^ 

nP^|pnril\vlnli>rtlMiVi niHl ipihIimMpiI Im inrtiiltotMl 
{\w tnitil (ttiukinn r^tiitplr^ nl iiiiplly flint (iftiiij* 
ikniiiplq ftinl ilr hiuii hriy r U it |iht|irtlilf« ihftt. 

tnnll )i(iil, hr> ilii*iilil Invi' nii iitpo nl rtiiv o(hi>i 
III llin pfilli llinii n) iiimipy, ftml llir Imliil^piiun 
^Miltplt iMiiliirtJiiy f i (tu lip liMvr fihv |iiiMii|«lp« 
Ua nf vtihip til irUiAiii Iniii (iiiiii IimipI tiniHl 
ipit vi«i|piMP<' Mil iinitpilUtHlin|i ip \u% IrU imtn 
I'ullivrtlPil (tinn ttiAl III thp l;ivtii!»\ nml ltrniini>« 
ItrApnlilr i<l ftilntiMinu ftiiv inlltiii'luni liiil hi \\\m 
I k« n| ft tJiiiW, rttiil titp iH|in<iqiif n pinllihlfP. 
Pllii PHtiU nut III Ihiii^ lull (tq ii uppi-^iq futiiilll lUt* 
tltp tilnlt lit ui'iirtrttP. aihI iIh- ini>ll i|Miiiirini p| 
lllftli I rtiP. I IP put liim ft imf^^***^ /v«»rt»M. Ill It I })i|i| 
wliii li itpppftM In liini In lunlil) in W\$\\\^^ \\\^ 
tV t>l lliP iiM Hiilipui, rtOil IM iiliM{} hiq ^Fiiti^ M 
|iiuitt*^tit III Hiilti]|jriup in luul^l PHI pIo. l*<ior 
limlp iMntltPi t (ii| fi lniMlt«*i vvi- mull :ii kniialpi)^f> 
ItliMiUitl rt4 |liii|i ml uiih irtj;c, .tuil |(*rtllilntitR 

pyp i>( Jrluuvi Itiipli'l** l»M ! il iliiMt Itmlll 

ItlHPi ptpniiiira (tn«l liiMi'M i>hj»«'U« iIhmi \Milll(tl| 
\\y \\(\y\^ iiiii^'il liti'iii iMili llin Idinp Pn^^ri |ip(« 
llrtfl I'UMI^Im iIh=.« (It |h«i uililiiM. 'llin ilii!|ii|ii it 
ftn, iltn MMtiMrtlilp l>illiiip, |li0 niillniiliniivp 
\\\\\\ Iripq mill \\\\\\ Miitili 111114 ihi^i^ III iltp, liiiitlil 
ily ti IN i* iliiiiP n3 iluMi Icil). mill (|tll> inl ii<t iIhui 
t, liiil )>(* lipi n l><i|it ft>4 (liiMi \\M\ |iMin. ihn 
III nul>My« ilir mil ■ -ill nl luiii-ivi hiFtnllpU, 
>lp, iinltpltivpili iiniP^fli'li'iL iHiliiiinvn. fiM<| \\\\. 
itg III Hip itipftitq mill iiiti|i\pq \*\ ttn Iit>iirll in 

Tltini (rfllrll :v vtrUui III (he U\vii inilpitU tiuU 



,ft?. v. :s S A Y 8, N 

jiMliip^ :i jiill vu'hin; liiit [will pity th«p, tii 

fli: 11 lilrpil Un 'lirf, 'III. I vrt.turr fUll t«» j'tf (ll^t, ( 

(v iTj nir-ii y (if Ilfiivrn v.ill iiiitij^'it'* tliv ffvcfiiy 
riMii jiillii-'*. 

Ill' u Im) rmi rfilr-v \\ir pIiMdnrt ol" pIPiipik'' * 
r iiii(i(|rrinj; \Ur iinirtvi'l il»r If'^'r f l;iH' ' , nml 
^'olirinc,, iwiniilin-^ 1<i liit iii(lu'i|ir> niii| ni-tlit 
nllr\'l,i|i' {)\n liMllii'il. |'iiili;il»|y p'ljji il''*: 1 (ii||> 

^vliiili till ii(h''4 < :in I'til^r hn|*|iv. ( ii:<ri|\ i 

Irl/lillliii ill llli? iPMIltf''. ;)ll ! K. Iivl''''l). |}|(- II 

rlhf'l •'! IJiitilli I'f'urnWii V. ()iii i I'ti-v jirf i "ii 
irciirijiU'Milinj' ir iti ilm in''itn| hIiq ; nnii ilin 
|*;ilnr( ^ nf thr p<i'ii v/lmli lift up ili^ir |riri/-i ;irrii 
«iir niiiiirnt ;>ml licninirjlil'' f Ihfnnrlr.-:^ r|i;,l 
pr«'.uliiiip 1^ n»»i in v 'in wln'ii il^y irrfiiiunrtiil n 
ifiMT. 'I lirio nir. Ii'sUm-v'T, 1"*v i li.nir^iMi- «'(l. 
niriiif, f N'll (ii iniiM' ili;M' I y I'nl In IikHi h lh«' lnwrll 
frnin wicii h'^iliiiM'i iiixl ruin rii llwit nf thf ^ 
Smiirv; :iii(l if mv pMiil'* mitlil (nritlilMitr tf} 

• . . t ' I f • ' .1-. ll III 



lit 



V •:! (. 



.'■'.' • •■ ■ ' 

it, ihi' l.\u\r (if in inl'iinini'! Ihtiulil Iw iitiin 

ftnt ihrii nwn lini' vn h m lin.nl:, iilld til It it* 

'■■|l< !?»• f » ;>i |i i|t '. pll I I '•(■ -, tip'.' I 1 1 I !■■ I If 1'^ .1 r '■ 'I I 

ll' III U" fill I Ip III :i i I \- .11 ' I III (i Mil' I , I II iiri II ll I I .1 1 
III III t- I'll 

'Jill,- villi I M i 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 • r < I 1 1 ■ ' It I ' ■ f • ' r ' , ' 

|l| III' I' .1 ll> .1 M Ml I .lilt •!' •■ I I I I ■ ■ I .1 III' l| i I lif II I . 

«-iii|ir iliiM'' iii'>l< t'l tM> II ll i|>^ iMi = |!< III fill •■,• .1 
fli Ih •'1)1 flllHili;' t ll' 11 ]■' I MM l.il , i •■ : f ..i' i 1 1 I I 

mt'i ' Miiiiii' 1 1 i.il li.ilMMi I mull III liil-'-. 

I If f If (I I till' r>l • IMpl'i', MM Ml -Mil II '. ■'•! 

I • I II II' It lir 1 |i I • lii-M I I Ml' I III llMV III It I. M I I- 
;4l|fi 'i| I |if I jri"'.'. I it' • I'lii' ii •li>(>i:. ,1' 

:i I M I 1 1 1 1 1 .' 1 1 1 ' I M ! ' 11 1 1' i I ' I II III t V • I > •■It, I I 1 . 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 
§-: ;if{' M|f-|| CI ltiillfni|l\ . ( 'III ' .11 iiiiii, I l<-- I I • r 
t>-|l fi'l I Im' \' I I Ii III ll IM I : f •! t Iw- liM • | i l..li> , | . | 
I Mil ll' ll!'l|' il I III |''i||i' I , I 'I .1 |i- I I 1 1 . 1 In I ll I I ! , 'i ■ 
li(-MI , fil'iil I ll' pfiKl l>( till': I I .11 I t : ,' III'- ill • 
liff .11 li'-il III I 1)1 IM, if ill' '. Ill !■ I I II ■• Ti I ll '• II til I' 

fVf'iy p. Ill n( thf I iii)''li<Mi . l-iit It I I nii I .11 
t' Ml 1), I ll ll I ll*' I'iifii III (■! iM I ) I. I Mil • l|ii I I i i -, rl.i .| 
t ti< iiii 1 1 '•|''>li , lift- ji i' I III . \ . 1 1 t I III li |i I I i 
'ii'-'il I miimI Lit> (} ' ,tl. -iM' I'!*. . ill .; • . 1 l.i'i' ,111 



I II 



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:1ii:||t ivIlM ['ivu rttiy r|Miiili>i|i tii lili|'liii|, 'iti iifii i, 

uil rn >i It ilfi ii|i|iiHiii lilin* iii luiifn r, i'v ill{i»i>Mt. .hi>1 

UllOlli 'ii |iU-l»'l|lll li) 111 IlL It 1 III )■ iilllillill'liiliti , 

I v^ill*!'*^ lii •iltiiiii iIm II, lliit liiiiii- v.>-i{tiii iiiit 
• lllllill it I' |l|Hi||i| lit- |Mi«ii |i» ill" l>(!iiliil lli'l|:). M In 
l)lMI ilill-'iiti-to tit till lilt- ft ll-ilililtiiMi lit . t Hiioii hlii Im 

clt^n M IjiiiiliPlI l}'t liilir. ('•> I itl'l ill iU-iiiti) I Inil 

I ^ilh lltii liiiiii' I li' lli>iiil>l !••- •ill lit •! Im it.i|ili Mil* 

[i|M (''i,:!!)-!! ll'ltM liM-ii- !• i|<> I'l.tlil.. ill. Ill till !• iii.|v 
tlU III ilii' I)!}!'! (In \ nil! II .ii-t I lli'iiiM iiM'i['tii>' 

|ltp lliiill ilK i 1 iltil iiii.illiiil til •!■ I iiiii|'lilltiii^< iliid |>iii|in|ii 
1*4 Im |L«^'i|tl ilinUi l>'l|ii «iii- (iiiiiHiiilv ililiiiii'iiilhl.it 
llil |<|t-ly «>i>>i Im iliftii |iriiiti hi il Itit.Miiid, t^liji itiiifu 
|M|s|ft^lHi> tll<»| 'lllil liitli itiflu litiiitiiii !, ttltlilt, ill |)|U 
ifH ttt li t^iiit tiiil III i^int, nil- iMllli ili>i( iliiij. Jit litis 

4lMlritt II lU III iltili^d, illfc' tVMllltV lli»'<|.^ Willi ||l».|||j« 

i)l Jiiti |iit-,'« ill |iii-ii iiiii^i fHtiviii):. iili'l ill i iliihlif lli» 
If^Uf Ill-ill i-<iMt lt'ld« -itiil li»i UU i»'l|M rii i| ilifiii 4 
iHttllt 'tiiil ** I '11 |iL titt.i J Mini til Itid iliiiili U ii»i |m4 ivi 
|l|kV fiii>t tiio I )illi||i-ii liillli I ••til |iiii|i t'tiiiii III iliiiiHt, 

lltti M )i'i'li{: iiiliu^ r li'i li-i|4|>i iij ill t liliii in h Inii} 

tt ri titltiti|if ill III III I lliiill •)> it i«iiti iliitji ivliii liMVt* 
t|iliilLi|it I' III 411 it>i1iiiii| III ill ^ii KiiiiU ll /i'.*. i, t/ I. ,'(/ 
ii Jn^*.if*'»ktt\ fi4 III- t'lilr III-,' I'lii 'lit .) if , 'i| (til Ml •niiiitiiiii, 
UmI ihi tii I 1>iI^ dill lit. |.ii. |. iifil ill |-1 111 llil ii ti. ■.(nt till Ml- 1 
Ik ft |»iiii|t.|u iiit<|iii| iiti|Viii.4. ill fill juililii j^iiniiu tili( lii^ 
IIVM |*ill|'ila 

tittli <irti.i 'ill llint llii' |ll>lirv i til il|i^ PI I'M VVtl^H 
||i»||0« fflu li-itiiivail. il i4 III !•»' Iiiltil lli-il llil. iiiV*. ^1 
^Ullli^b iVlll Uc Itill ti| lltft* L.k.|iit|i|i.d |.| t||» lil{:tiil|. Hill 

^Jl I yui'ltiifti^l vtmi Jl.Ii to lliM |iiiii|j I iiiiiUli » li'l li|i»»^ 
lit yiilll liVt-4 iM « illl •! ^ii'tt, mill III hiiVk-v ilik. liirtit 
llHlm ill uiiU fittil I* )i 1 i'lhiijj III ||i»; iiiii Il>iii4 i>| |liu 
|ii«v|i I 1 't|i|<l^ Ifit III \n\n jiiiili'ii: vi->t 'III- lili^iiil ill 
hl)iit|llfiii|l II' fill I'iiitlo III 1 liiiliittili. iiitliitiili>i|ii. \'n 

%U» Vv»;tl- lint (ilvi^ itit' Utivii lit tilt v^'itj itioi tlif- khiii^ (•! 
H ^liiiil |:t>iitt|iU- ill llii- Illicit I t'lMiAj I i<lili»U i» it iiiL-it-ly 
Ma fill «l^t lit ilmiilv, tvlll An liii ll' ^tmlii Hint I'lftiV* III 

Midiu iiiiluM I lliiMi )l yi' llil itiMvii yiMM I'llt ii'ili4 III [iivi^ 
ill! yi.(v III (ti llil* ii'ttiiiiijt iitt«ti'4 iM Itiiiitil 'ill ttiij^'lifil III 

rlUlillrti ft ill () •till la I)'. 



v\n^. K www. 



964 ESSAYS, h 



no, cxlviii. on some passages in 
totle's rhetoric, with miscella 

REMARKS ON IIIS STYLEi C£N]USj 
WORKS, 

ARISTOTLE clbblifhcd nn intcllcftual i 
more glorious nnd univcrfnl than the conq 
his pupil, nut he is a remarkable inllancc of 
•pnce of human judgment and the revolutions o 
After having been idolized with a veneration 
blaiphomous, he is now moll undcfervedly ne^ 
And yet his vvorksi though uncntcrtaining and < 
to the reader who perufes them with the liinic at 
which he gives to a novel and a newfpaper, i 
with matter which cannot fail to enrich the min 
to delight a philofophical tafle by its beautiful irii 
accuracy. Jn his ihicc books on the rhciori^'.il n 
ni.inv p.iliaiu's, whiih di'lrrihc Inim.in natuir in ll 
ciiri»>us manner, aiul with ilu* ^mt.iU'II liiK'lli\ c 
ncalion. llr ihai;n!'kMi/.t\s ihc in.iniu rs ol" dillou'i 
no Ids fciciiiilically, than a I Iimirr would dclci 
anatomical iul)j<\^l, or a I.innaus a plant. '11 
pii^hirfs ot the manners of younj^ and oKi men in 
cond book, ato inch as Horace has imitated, I 
<'HualIcd ; luJi as mij^ht have richly leriili^cd ih 
)M nation of a Sli.iLeipearr. 'llic eelebrat<*d fpe 
]a(]ues. i^ not e({ual to the accurate and coinpb 
leiiptions olilie n)ann<•^^ ol diilcicnl apcs in i\\c 
man hv I lie ne*;lnMcvl Aiillulh*. 

Tlicvlole, vet eoM»pi\ henlive lanpuarc of Ar 
^^ill jeatrrly admit oi a literal tLini-atiun. 1 l)i 
then ailcinpt \o ileliver lis feniiment . in l'nj»lilli 
1 ilu iild lu'i i.:ti.'.t\ mylell ; Inil I wiil relej- the 
<luilcnl lo tlie .ulrnirable (Miv.inal, where. \\\ du" 
tri nil, .iiul a li'w lub(ei|iieru eh.ip.eis v\ liu- 
lnu.'v, lu' will \)c able to aeipiiic .i very acci:r:iic 
inl^e ol i".unan naiujc. 

•I 



o. 149. MORA I., .Vu tti\ 

I Itavr rdoi'lril ihrCc pniriip.rii nR n fpri iitif n nf Arilloiii*, 
ith Alt intfMitinn to ohvimo ilir )Mr|ionel(ioitn oC thiil^ 
lit) iin^igiiir, titnt rvrty pdrinf hi^ wurk.i U ithliMilr mul 
fficiilt of vninprrhrHton. A ^ood tratilliitioit woultl 
* lite hrii cniniiirntrti V tlmi coiiUI lir ^ivrii of (hrtn : 
It hr who wAniht lirK (|iiAli(iril to |H*rti)rm U in pi*i-- 
^\\^^n \$ now no moic. Jt ii, iiutccit, n\w\\ to he Ia- 
rntorl, (liAt thr givai pliiUilophn- ul SAliltinry diil not 
itulck'ond tooniii'li hi^ lountiy wit li 11 t run lint ion of 
e hnl AMinnir titr woik« of hin Atlniirrd Singiritt^ Mu 
nrrinS llvlr h, imlrcd, for the moM piirt, iheltyli* <>l 
Irtio \ lull \vr inAV rnnvluilt* from thr many pAlltigfft 
ntn Arillotlr, whirh hr h«i^ moll Aa-urnirlv trAntUtcil 

hin iiottM, thAihrwouhl hAvn rruitrrnl whole trmiifci 

Knuiilb to (hi* ^riMtrll ndv^intAp/. Ilr hftn, however* 
iMfciVthp wrtnt lit A (tnnddtinn (if Arillotti* tn he lcl« 
It, hv fnpptyih),} fin'h ori);inAts hinifrll «« crrtainly vie 
illi hi? <irci'iAn niMltei. 

I cAnnnt hclpieniHrhinf^, th^t thnimh (hi.^ 11 an A^r iti 
htv'h tnAoy inp,rnioux Atithui* ttrh^ht in mrlAphvlii'Al 
roAivhei, yrt Irw Attend to the writin^M of Aritlotle. 
idred, ntnny of the Trenrh phihifophers, wh<i hAvr«lone 
1 thoy lAo in ohfeurc the li^hi of nAtnr>\ common 
nlr« nnil levelntioiit hv the r)(«i)«lMi| ntiMAphylini, have 
r»t hrrn (uflivirnilv ArouAinli'il uith (»terk. or with am* 
ent teArninir, to Ue Ahlo to impiovr thrmfrlvc^ hy tjie 
nc phihifiipny of thr polithrd (i^t/'^id (tin 1 r nmi Rome, 
•ike fpiiteis in A dnrk and diiiv i-nttiri, thev hrt^rdinwii 
inUy cohwrhn from thrnilolve^, with which thry iiuclly 
m^ertvonr toenfnur** (Hh* I'iddv aiuI tinwrtiv. 

It in indeed my mi^foitimr, \\ it hr :) nii.«foitune« i\\ 
Ave no |rrent Idr^ ol the iMilit\ nt in< tiiphyiirdl didpn- 
itioi). And though Arit)oih**5< l<*|(i« And nietAphvliri 
tiinvipAlly cnntrihiurd, in the middle ni»e<:, in rthder 
lini ine idol of thi» world, I rrtiumi help ronlulmnj; 
hrrn AS the Irnll ufefnl pnit^ ui hi« vArinuw luciiht;i(inu<t. 
They Are, indeed, valilahle uiiio(ilie«, and illni)riou« 
iinitnnient!! of hnniAn in^rniiity; hut At the fAoio lime. 
vhrn votnpArc«l to hi^ rhetoiirril. rthirAJ, And pujniritt 
K)nk«« they Are n-: the hn(l< mid the (hrll to thr pulp Mud 
hpfeennd. It wnt their. ho\\«'\oi, to))t ih(>r with ht:^ri- 
vMrn\i"» phylici, whirh iiuhirrd Oio id^oted theoloiviM v K« 

Vim . J[. N wvvwVax 



J I cxciuniAiiun which hc is rviaicu lo na 

ftt hii aetth be true, he appears to have pofli 
rational ideas on the fubjo^ of rch'eion. 

A chriAian might have faid» ai it ii reported 
juH before his diffolution, ** In (in and (hame wi 
** in forrow have I lived, in trouble I depart ; 
•* Caufe of caufcs, have mercy upon me !" — 1 f 
anecdote of Arilloilc in the Centuries of Cai 
but 1 am not certain of its authenticity. 

I'hc (lylc of Arillotlc has been ccnfured as 1 
inelegant; but it mud be remembered, that fe 
of which fo much remains, are fuppofcJ to havi 
more from the carclcfncfs or prefumption of trai 
and the injuries of long duration, than the wor 
great Icgilhtorof talle and phitofophy. We m 
attribute any chafm^ and roughncHcs in the i\yU 
rude hand, or to accident. Strabo, indeed, rel: 
che works of Arillotlc were threat ly injured by d. 
they were buried in the eartli a long time after « 
of their writer. When they were brought to R< 
tranfcribed, they were again injured by the hai 
norance. It is not credible that fo accurate 
ihould have neglcdrd thofe graces of llylc w 
nature of his fubjeds admitted. 'I'he ilyle of 
U'orks ii truly pure and Attic ; and Qnintiliai 



I {9. MORA I., Jl(*. 41^7 



wai 



, (^XIiIX. o^4 'tut nr.Airiv anh mai'Im 

lt:hU or AN (MM'N lli:ltAVMiUU ANP AN IN 
ItiNIMitrh tiUtMi;tl i itiN. 



(^irrtl Prtil ol Iii4iil:itiil« il lliry mtiiiMC liiitiillt 
^ lltPMiCplVPa with lH»' iiiUiit}!i'< rttiit iirtiriiilily nt lli» 

ihliili (ItPlttitlvra ri|ii-tllv litilifV* fiiHl iiiimIi wilni^ 
t ihl> )<hilill I iinnliiu i>( litr Im, P.vny wotil tlirjf 
k« lt<nvrvpt Itlvifit ilin liiti)r«'t, ia wi ipjtril licliitr li i« 
I'fsil. A itil)n(llliil Itlt'iiti- il nlili mil lill (iiiiifiliiiilyi 
lilhi«rlly ltrt« itilvritiiiil fill ii)iiiiiiiii« ittiil ilipit, wiili m 

1 Ui'l« iiitniiltttilt rttiil liriitalmj; aIIi'uI U J^lvrii, (lit U 
ilHy MlM hiri lu»tp iKr- ii|i|iiiiltMiiiy m( rt li|li(V((iiiiitt in. 
tidlti 11 (llP I ttlivnlrtiitiii hit II I'lilv nil till- < iiiittiintt 
('b, «i( itiP wrfttlirft tllii nrwo, |liii |iifi)'. iho Hjinifi. 
f hit* M% Irtu irlrivril in iitlriin^ llirii iiitiitinit. itirtu 
hrif livrti rttitl tttiliniiq iir|ii iplsij nil i|ir lintimtiMtl 
/ Ittnitlil Ml litll vriiliiir^ uitli m u iildi ili^Miity« In aA 
(l>a WlirticviM iiiii) )>• iliiii ii-.il iiU'rt nil itir liitijn*), 
irttlh U M liillt^ I ii|ii|MiM it |>i ilii> nlijril III |ilrrtliiiu 
\p whltwtiMlll lliry u>iivii(>-, liiry ^'riirirtlly lnitllivV 

ily I** rtjfii'p Willi yiMi I iittl> (a II lliMiilil fi|i|i>itii tft 

til* Ml} Mitliilt^ I iiiJiilt'i nliiiii. lliiH llii-ii ii|iiiiiiiii (il 
tlM^f^tH ip4 lii |lir iililiiliii !•( lit |i rtlt !• II itpitiliiiil 
mIiI IaK** pUip) nifty. Ill ilii- •lill.niit- nl )i-ill n i rn 
y^ iliVhlvP liu'lti ill iiiliir luiiill iltit^'i-i iif I'.ii'iii}-* lA 
]fi |i|lplliP«ii| l>l till III I ill|! Il IiiMiiil; i llili'li lilllim hi, 
\ll*Y Wi'f^l il Mililttnl Imil* ii|i lliiii I iiiiMii ii'ihl r, im.f 
> m11 l!iMiiliirU mnl Ii> III i-iiii III • . i| \>ii| ^^ ill lnli. tf< 
i[| iiMil»'liitiMQ liiii ti'MVitir-; (ill till II tit III la III! urn 

lit rt« (llP f*!')'!!''^ ^vllti It I illllllll(iii llli'- i)ti|ii|.-q III till*. 
It llMi il . -^ 111 'II I ••! I liM I II II II II I '-'t-*f f//. '10 I Ini I- » 
^'4^ rttill itii'li. wliii jiiilly I inliiii it |iii lull- nI an Im 
1| t'.ll^l>lliitifllt« lit' ii|Miii ili> i:ti ml ivinii itiiiit. ill Ini 
|lP )|iIi«mIiii I a llii n inin liii i ii.ii|>iii\ 
'|*J»r|p I inhy uniiiirt!': nn* i vm iiiiiii i» (.i v,i|, r nuiiiiiT, 
ilUl« rttid i|i|tpnliii( . Ill (ii'lthii iltrtii in \\i\\\v\\ ww^w 



and vkiflitudci of human aflairA, it may onr du; 
their intcreft. Alas ! before that day arriveii 
pctuiit uneafinefi has iifually put a period to th 
tion, by terminating their exiflrncc. But rv< 
i;.iin their ends after a yniiUi smd a manhnod < 
m condnnt care and fervitudr, yet the plcafi 
ndrcjuate to the nain, nor the advantage to ()i 
Every one is rrndy to complain of the inortnci 
to fpend, therefnrr, the grrateft part of it in 
frar, caution, fufpencc, and folicitude, merely i 
yVtdi an objril ot worUDy ambition or nvnricc 
)t but the proverbial folly of him who lofcs n i 



frtvr a penny ? (iivc nir, () vc nowcn ! an i 
man would rxelaini, uive \ur hralth and libert 
cntnprtcn( e» and I will compafTionatr the man c 
and fervilc foul, who has at lall rrrpt on h 
knm, through thick and thin, into a llall, ai 
hislimbt, aftrr they have br»n pallicd with car 
bench of judj;rr. or of biOiops. 

Indrfd, the prrpetual «i;^itation of fpirits, the 
ing fcar:i, and the ardent hopcn, which altcrni 
order the bofnm of the fnbtlc and riifjiiciouA ^ 
itre rnr)ie than a counterbalance to all the richcii 
lar honours which fuccefnful cunning can obtain 
.iv.iil f.ro/.irri. coronrti. fortunrn. nianfion htiuf 



N«. 149. M O R A r., A-r, ffq 

plcafiirr in \\\% condu^), wliiih inny f'ontlir him iinJrr 

cvrry cirrumllancc of dirdffrcr.ililr mil or p;iinriil iuh- 

millinn. But it i^ obvioiiii 10 ohCnvr, \\m\\ tlir mnW ;\ri 

fuIuf'niCPi nnJ (he ^^rrntcil ll.ivn ttiliMMTil ami ninbi- 

tion, nir rrcniicntly uiiinnrrlril incii ; nntl (h:it thry wnr 

Unniaiilcil, occnuCc ihrir (;iu(i()n and (imiility Wdiilil 

Bcvrr prrmit thnn tn tnl.i* n ilrp which iduKI never hr 

revokrd. 'rh(*mli*Ivr:t, however inintninhle, hnvc hern 

tkeiinly objeiUs uf thrir h)vc ; and the rei) iif innnkitid 

have been in.idc iifo ot merely tn ihe inllriimentn tif their 

mean puiporcs and lehiih f^raiiHcntinni. Hut the rr{l of 

jnnnkind need nut uivy rhem, for they inflii'l on thrm- 

I Irlver. the puniflimeuti they deierve. They are nl^vnv* 

• craving mul never fatislied ; they (nllrr a toiment whicli 

il iuitly rrprcfcnted as inCernal ; that of beinj; pcrprui- 

illy rcachin[^ after Me nin|ri which they can nrver ^rafp, 

I of bcinj; prohibited to taile the huit whnTf^ colour ap- 

jpeari To charming (u the eye, and wIioCo Havoiir lo dc- 

lidovsto the iniHgimitiotT. 

How lovely and how happy, on the othrr hand, an 

Open And ingenuouti behaviour. An honell, unbiCjiinons 

Mdrt diUnlei a fcienity over liTr like that of a fine diy. 

i when no clond (oneeal.i the bhieanher, norabhill inflle^ 

ike fUllnrf'n of the air ; - buc a crafty anil defip.niii)^ bo- 

ibm 14 All tumult and daiknef«i, and may b** (aiil to rr- 

I fcinble a niifly anil dilorJrred aimofphere in ih** r'tMnf'nrt' 

I iffi climate of the pooi I Ii)y,hl.'ndc:'. Thr on'* iMiii": n 

' tnin almoil to the rank ot -iii iin^/'I of Iipjit ; rho <Mhrr 

i finki him to a level wiih the pnui n 4^f il.-ul.nri':. 'I \\r. 

I OneconOituten a lerrr(lti;il hr.iven in the breaf) ; the othei 

. defiM'inn and debaCei ii till it beiuines anoihcr hell. 

I An open and in^'enunu!. dilpcli.Mni i.-i not only benu« 

tiful And nioi( ionduiiM* to private h.ip(tiiif (^. ltiii|iiii. 

^ dutlive of ninny vii lite.', eflinii.il to ih«- \vr!l.iii' ot lourtv. 

^ What 11 foeirty without r'Uifidc-iuf f- fl.it if thr fetlilh 

'^ Ind mean fylUnit which is rll.ilil ilwH and wMiunnirndril 

. imong many whufc advice anvl i xample have wrir-ht. 

1 lluuIrT nnlvetfally prevail, in whnni, iin«i in what IliaM 

; We be able loconfidr? li is alrriidy flHukin); tn a libna' . 

> Bind tuobff'ive, what a multitude (W p.ipi^i.'i, parv hinrni',. 

OAlhsi Aud fulcuia engagf'iiii:ii(Y are irtpiiicJ, even in .1 




:1 



SAYS, N«. 14^ 

Ullon. Ou iliD Konttnty, haw comforMblt 
HlOuriihl«tc<)iuninn nnlutni \( ptmnifm wut 
I BlTcitluni RllJilnvIu. Whu (''•'afurc, tnJ 
, I^MVunieniwoulii b» dirlved from vniivttrfutiun. 
if <voi'y uiiv woultl dure lu Aieslc hU rajl Ifntimcnti, 
with mntitily Hii'l ikci'iunt inJccd, bui U'ithutit imy vn- 
manly IViir u>* alfendiiii(. or Trrvilv drllr< to ^tJuMc fw 
ilitUltCdf iutfri;!!, 'lu jiltnfa liv biinelt tnt^oni. aud 
from [hr pun ntotivi't u'' tiititilllJp nmi |iliiliin<hiiipy, 
ia a duly ) but iticy wlu> lludy ihc nrt t)f^\tniim tnnrt- 
ly for tlidr own fnkw, nrf, i.f nil thurnftw t, tlii.lt' «l.iv(t 
bujtht loalllu pIcAlt', anil wll It'll amicar, wlicnilicmiir>|ii* 
Imomuvod, the ninlhlirRuniul. Truth, tml rimplidn 

tied, bui. ni ul'Jcfti ot i«lla, iruly iiaHuiirul, (i«td 
iiiiiidi will Hlivavu U i'l«iiir»U Willi Uivm, mid bMl aiiiiiil* 
wtmtA not Willi lo rWorr. 

UinGD cunniii)^ niiu dcCBJi nrc ihu* ndiou* In thpm< 
(fivvi. nnd lncuiTi[)Utll<k> with teal )i<i)ipinri) uiid dJ|< 
iilty, 1 cniuioi litip ilunliiitg, ihit thofti lnttiniAui«r 
ilir tiflnf RonONitluil who llNVV inOlM on Amulailu* Mm 
ilillinuiUiluh, im tit" ff^jiiri Jimii. on ihe ihniibnJ 
iii.l.M>t'wmlJly vvdJ.iiu. sm ituUl. i>iilUk«[) ill ihtil 
\<\tM, iliuii inciin, uiiiiii'HdIodi tind illibcriil. Lillrn nMi 

to ijciivriiui ynunn mm. whol« hatrti art yit unminttd,; 
ilton not lu tlie dBlufiva ailvka of men lo dtludtd, 01 
lb bnfa. lUvc cimruii* snounh to avow ihc ntnilnnti^ 
of yvur fnuit, miil lr>t your i;ouiilrnaiKa Hud your ion|H 
lio iho hrrnldi ol'yuur livnrti. PVn'^^t coiilidrnily wilb 
iriitli and hononr, iir lie vcininurd not to plo«ft, Ln 
jiilliir nntl U'lievuUnEi! fill your bulon), nnj tlitv will 
lltiiiv f^iiiiiiancuullv, lilie ilio triil ^rm withimi thtlU 
1)1 A lull, and wiib iliu moll duiiibituitd ofiividnf 
brillUncy. 



N0.CL 



^o. 1(0. MORA L, SiC. 3;i 



^waiiwaa«Ha«BMWki^«« «• •««Tit r*' ■ •--'¥■»«■ MMvwv^mwMw^**-**-*^ 



No, Cr*. A HliMhliY ri>ll DISCONThNT. 



c 



OMl'LAlN'i'S unil iiiuniiur.-* air iifir*!! loiiik-(l and 

_^ llkuil liCiliuiU dilidii^ lliiilr who |iiillrli> alj llic 

*xicriuil iitiMii) ill iriiipitiiil niji»yitkc;itl. .'ioiiu'lluiio; i« 
Ull waiuili{>;« liiiwi-V'rr M^il and npilli'iil lluir lululilUMIa 

fully to L-(>iii|>|cLe ilirir fallal. iiliiiii. .Siijijiiili' an iiiilul- 
gem I'lnviilriui: III uii.uiii|ililli i:vcjy iliMiicr; uic- they 
luiw ttl lull Luiitfitiril if Ali4.i ! iiu i chtir unraliut^lii Icctiiu 
fur evti' U) euLirali', in lunpitiLiuii ua ilu-ir icral iifLrl- 
fiCir:! are cliuiiiiilltcil. It ii in vain itirn lo tiulravnui' lu 
t(^$xke ilieai happy liy aJilin^* in ilifir llnir, or u^^Maii* 
di/iiig lliciir huiiuiiu. 'i'hrtr appcuiv ia uu Iciii iui'tili-- 
ible than their ullr. luirulioua. 

But then: may yet remain a rc^ntcily. ].ct thofi*, who 
iro mifcsrable amung riihra auJ ^Mamlrur, Irave, ftir a 
AOments thrir elevated tank, an«l lii it.rml litnii i\w\v 
BftUcea to the humhle halni.tiiiHia nt rral and unat- 
rpAed wue. If their hearisi aie not ilrllimte ot feelinirs 
ihey will return iiunx the ud Hi-nr:! in ihcir LlnrriB, and 
BQ their kni'ca pour furth iherjaaiiaiiona lit'^raiiiUilc tu- 
tbut uuiveriul Parent^ who luii (^ivcii lltcfni aluniiUuLi'. 
ind axempted ihem tVom tlie thdnlanil ilia, unilttr ihca 
l^reilure of which the greau-r pan id Ilia thiliiir-n iliai* 
the load lA' life. Inllrad id' fprmling ih>'ti Imura in 
bruodihg over their own iiuugin.iry eviU, ihey will de- 
mote tht^iu to the- ulli'viuiiun of hmI niileiy uintniu the 
letUtUte Ibub (d inJi^ence^ in the ue^lcLled wallTa uS- 
fulgar life. 

That one half of the woiUl kno\va not how (hd 
Bther half livea, ia a loinnitiii auil juil olWcivattLin. 
A fine laily, furrituiuli-il with eveiy ineana of aiLonimo- 
iatiun ami luxury, i'ouipLiini in a tmnnc-ui nt tunuit 
that furely nu mortal la lo wieu hcil aa tu'iu-lf. IK^r 
fuiVeringa are too greai Ka hei waxw li'iilihiliiy . ^llrt 
pxpe^tsi pity frmn all hi-r ai ijuaiuiaiKi', aiul pleaK*:* 
heifcif with the idea thai ihe ia an r>i.in)jtle of lingular 
mififurCune, and remarkahle paiieuLC. I'hyftcian:^ at- 

N 4. V^\u\* 



y s. No. lid. 

t«n(l. «n*I will) aff«At^<l fothltiitl* feel ihf henlthv puUt, 
vi)ik\, li»w«vcr. ilrpv ttttM n«t |ironouiice liraliliy, M 
Ihey (hftultl yivf ivHtnce tsy RtlriiirilnB to fpnll ikt 
iffiiict lumirv of I'JiiKieit wcp. To U ftimiorcd «|wavi 
lit. (iBArTinfr()u»mli> w he ilwavi ritcl<in){ ihn ttmlirr 
ilttniinn mirl ri>t|iiirl('i iil' nil ahvunit, U n tUle Ai 
fh.Hrming in ihc ulrio of it>r kvfuk, liivUHolit, miJ 
tndolffiT mlnitt vf (^ww )*^thioti>th1o li)il]«i, ihivt mtmf 
(fmi xMr Itvw in » hcrjicnul ilmf of Innidiniiry ion* 
v«)«fceiite. Tli'tf l« mnifthlfiK (a IntJi-ltcme in bclnp 
hik)9, hmriy, fin.I limit, llkx a pxTv iiiithinAld, itiRt i 
vf fv fiBP iin'U viry tiiijIi-'biTnl l«itv i< ftliiiolt rrinty t" ftinl 
ni iho itl««. I'mm e'lcefllve inJul(>,rnrf', lit* h(-roinri at 
UA In wnlity whst (ha ni fitrt t'tily frtocir-.l hrrfHf, t 
)H-iIivia!() IffVMtid. Dv t ]»(( ll-t^i^t<(i(lll, (1)1- in itJttIf 
jiiintlhol ^vlih thxt wic(chMin<-('*, of whkit llie unsnilM 
hilTv Nnd unti'JibnAbly complained In rhd mldlt 6f 
lioufth. eaOi ami opulence. 

Om mt|cl\( Kflt ill ih« ilflcrhooil tni frAtcmliy of 
rltli iiKt liHlth]' MttrmsKri. 'Tl*ft yna roin|Mifll 
ynitr fitnxWn nttil rircumflftneei wltti (hut 'if thmk W 
vinir ft-IUm .'rcnUiX-t tvhit nr« n>»>Irmnr.l t.> l.<h»urln 
tho K>.M ii>ine> x.f frr« f H«vp you .■r-mp.iinl u-m 
f liiftiion wl[h ihni of rtiof* in your own cooniry, who 
h.ivp hardly rvcr Iren the fiin, hiu IUp rnnfiitril In 
till iiiinen, Iciul nilnr*. Iliine qunrrip*. and ritol I'ltif 
Kcfoif v<Mi iJill Y.'iiili'lf wrrtthra. mko h fiirvcy ol lh« 
j;«i>t,, 'ill will, li' iiiiloniMiiiti- !m.l hon.-it .Ifhii.ri iifo 

•li'.^Mir.l H. )iuu' l,>i lili- 1 1V-H< tliiOUJil. ihr W«ch .>f In 

h.'lpiut i (l>ntl. i>l ih.- li:ti.)iMpt ,.| II i'(m>iii>Mi (i.Mlrr or 
lailori think 0llliPitnllt7(I«i-f,lheil.«y-JnlnHitrrt ii»^, 
the cominnii I't-rvaiit in ynnr own liiiiil<; t think i<f)(iur 
poor iiei]|hlii<ur M th« Bfxt doof ; nntl If ihTO wrri- not 
ilangrr of hi tiring rAllnil unpnlili anil mrthoJIdicKti 
1 would Ndd, think i>f Ilim wli«. tor v><ur fake, f»-eil< 
f J. HI it were, titop. of hlood on Cnivury. 

It is inilved, n iliity tn roiiliiler ihr rvi1> of thoff 
whn irt) platfil lirntiiih u> i foi'ihe diief tiurpaf; uf 
(luittinniiy I', to nttfvLiie the milrrin r>f Ihat pnrt of 
innnkliid. whom. Imli-dl, thu woilil ^,-([>Wt; i b»l 
whom, He whi> lu^i^lc thnni, yW><->, like nt u fnthw 
plticih hit own tliililien. Tlidr oiiicrici are not fjucU 
I 111, 



No. i$^ li O K A L, ke* #7}' 

fiil» thvir complaints are not rxagfreratcJ. Theclerfr/r 
whciiwChev are caUed upun to vific tbr lick, or to bap-' 
size new-uorn infanta, are utten rprdatur* of fiicli fcrne :;^ 
af would cuie the dirccmcrnied uf every inalud/. 'J'ha 
foUuwing rtprelentution ii but too real, and may be pa- 
ralleled in many of iti circumiUnacfe in almoit every 
pariflt throughout the Icingdom. 

The ffiinilter of a country village waa aalled upon to 
baptixe an infant ju(l born. The cottage wai lituatrd 
•n a lonely common, and as it wai in th» midll of 
the winter^ and the floods were out, it was abfolure)/ 
acceflkry to wade throush the lowr r room to a ladder^ 
which served inftead of lbirs« The chamber v>nd it 
waa the only one) was fo low, that you cuuld not Hand 
upright in it i there was one window which admitted air 
•a freely ai light, for the rags which had been ilufled 
into the broken panes were now taken out to contri* 
bute to the covering of the infant. In a dark cornrr 
of the room (lood a fmall bedilrad without furniture.* 
Md on it lay the dead mother, who had jull expired in 
labour .for waot of aflilUnce. The father wus fitting on a* 
little ftool by the Are-place, though there* was no Are, 
and endeavouring to keep (he iniant wurm in his bo*' 
fiom. Five of the feven children, half naked, were aik- 
ing their father for a piece of bread, while a fine boy, of 
about three years old, was Handing by his mother at the 
bed-fuie, and crying, as Ive was wont to do, *• Take mr, 
** take me, mammy. *'^—'' Mnmmv is afleep," f.iid one 
of hia fillers, wiih two tears lUnuing on her cheeks i 
" mammy is afleep, Juhnnv, go play with the baby on 
*' daddy's knee." '1 he father took him up on hiti kner, 
and his grief, which had hitherto kept him dumls iind^ 
ili a ilate of temporary infenrihijity, burA out in a 
toireiit of tear&, and lelincd his heart, which feemed 
ready to break. '*- Duu't cry, pray don*t cry," faid thn 
tldcil boy, *' thv nurfe ib corning up lUin wiili.a tw<o- 
*' penny loaf in hfr hand, anil mammy will wake pre** 
*\ icntly, and I will cmrry lic*r the larp.rll (.ii*ce/* Upon 
tills, an old woman, crooked with a^/, and clothed i i 
tatters, camo hobbliuji; on lu*r liiile Uiik into thi) 
raom, and, after heaving a groan, lalinly fat do.vn, 
dMilcd the child in- id rags ; then divid^^d lUo luv^l -^a 

N 5 \vv 



^^P« E S 8 A T S. No. i;r. 

far u It would jio, unit Infbrmcd tha poor man that 
tiie churchwardciii. to whom Iha had gone, would fiad I 
fome r«Iief, ai lucin at (hry had difpatchcJ n naughar j 
baggNee 10 her own narilh, who had dcltveicd heriirlf 
ot iwint in [lie Efquire'i hovel. Relief indeed WM I 
fetn, and a liulc contiibution ifterwardi raifcd by tllfl 
inicrpofition of the minitttr. It ho had not feen thfl J 
cale. ic would have; pflflcd on ai a common affiiir, tni I 
■ thinjt of courfc. I 

MiniHcri and medical praAitioneri nrs ofttD wiincfib I 
10 l<:en«i even more wretched thun thi* ; whcrv, iv 1 

iiovercy, cold, nAlcrdnera, and death, ara added, tha 
anguoo of liiigtrin|; and loaihltmio difeafei, and ihv 
tx)nneni« of extruciniing pHin. A feeling heart among 
the rich and the great, who ara nt the fame limo qu»- 
Xirioui without caufe, would learn a lelTon in man/ t 
gum of Droad St. Gilei'i or Shoredtich, more effica* 
cioui than all the Icftiirca of the moral or divine pld> 
Ip/opkcr, 

I cannot help mentioning and applnoding > nod* 
Qf charily or laie much encooraged in thlt metropoHt, 
which 1! iinUcd d ill! iigui Hied above all oihtr. for the 
wiiJum and vitiici)' iif i[i ckrniofyiiiiry inllituiioni. 
Dilpenlaric* are ellalillflied for the poor, and patitno 
vilited at their own habitation by phyriciani of allowid 
(kill and dillingnilhed churafter. 1 ivill only take the 
liberty i» expretii a willi, that fome regulation* may b* 
made lo prevent thl« noble dcfif;n from bcinf; perverted, 
like many cthcra, to piirpofei id private intcrelt. 



No. CI.I. OW THE UTILITY Or HELIOI0U8 
CERliMONlCS, AND OF APMITTING MUlilO 
AND GXTIRNAI. MAGNIFICENCE IN PLACM 
OF DEVOTION. 



I 



i-' all men were enlightened by edueniion and pM* 
lufuphy, and nt all houit ailtiiaied by the princlptM 
leafon, it would be uiinecrllary to nave recaurjv t* 
cxtcmikl objefti in produeiDg devout and vinuoui afl'ee* 

k tiODI, 



No. 1^1. M O II A L. .*^r. 97; 

tJoni, Hut «i thrre mull always l»r n p.rrU m;ii»»iiiv, 
who, I'mm tlin watu nl oppiiiiiitiiiiri 01 i.-ip.-ii iiii'i int ini. 
provrmrtK, ntr wcnU. niul i^iMti;tn( ; auA .11 rvrii niiiiMui 
the wi(r nml lr:iriic«i tlinr >it«* iinni' \\Ih> iii<' iniiilMitly 
rxrm|iiril Imin titr iDininun inliniiiiir; n| hiiinaii nniiiir. 
it hrriiinr^rypnlinit imli'vili' ihimIis nl i>pn;iitii}r mi il»r 
liiiil through tlir ttUMliiiiM of ilir imif':. It Wiii tm tliii 
rraloii, ihai in nil )>ir;it (oiitrnuniiii'^ ilm ndn I'l > tni'l nl- 
fiirt of rrli^tiim hnvo lirni (iMiiiinidt tl with wliui'vn n 
cak'ulnlnl to tniifr i)it> :iiiniii(in. in inirif il tlu* lic.-iit, 
to llrikc tlip ryr. ninI m rlivnto tho imMi'.iiMiinti. 

I cnniiiit help (liinUti)*. tli*Mrlnif\ \\\m i1ii>(i* wtll 
inrnitiii;; rrlottiirm, wIumviIIi tn divrlt icIi^-.hmi nl i-hIim 
nnl l|tl«*niluur, flic* uiinri)ii{iin(ril wiilitlH* i)iitiiii>nl id.mi, 
or inHuciu'Cii by iiitnow mmivi*'*. Tlirv imimh. |m ili.ijm. 
to rpirilii.ili7.p rvrry llnii}*, iiml iln* pniptiir 11 i;iu«l:il>lt' : 
hilt ihry luutw itutf tn liirv Kinliiln nm. i)i;ii n|.|iii:iiy 
rpil'it4| lurh fM inr llmii* nl \\\r \iiinii« jiml viiI|',:h. .in-* 
Jlinli CAlily AtuI clli'i^tu.illy I<hh-IipiI Iiv iIh* inllnnni'iH.iliiv 
of CXtriior niul niil(rii:il nliii'i'U. Mr wlm v.illti'i III pr 
netrntr in tlip irrodrn ol ilw* vnlivii IimiI. will liKirril 
licttrr hv ilio rn-oprmtiini nl thr rv "^ .>mi| tin r u 4, ili.ni 
merely by mliltrilin^ ilir ntunn.-il l;tiiilt\'. 

An iiirA innv hf IdiiiiciI nl ilir pmi'in v nl iiMunU :inif 
fight*, unniliilril hy iciHon. if'wi* (tintiMiipl.Hi- lin u iDi.i 
in war. Thr ilitiin. ihi' liii*. ilir lialMJinn ni , nl :i in! 
«Urr« lite Wa^j^^ nml nil ilu* pninp mil pii.i<l> i>l mihiMiy 
tr.inlfi^lititifl, eoiHiilMiti , pciii.ipi. innn ilim .HIV lind* 
nl «liiiy, nr Mtiy nniivr nt :ii i|iiiif •! h-iitimi m •< Im ivi i \ . 
to Icid on ihr niih.ittli'd pli.'ti.uiH imim m iIh ininfii'i 

innlUht It M IninPlhilii; npiM.iiiiK^ Ml titi' MiMil ill ;i d 

mihtr innnnrr, wliirli ninll r.-ihlv Imw '■ iln iliii»l>iiii I ii'---^ 
III the hntflcMinl nll'tMnliM, ;iii 1 ditnlni-i in (••|iii> h tin* 
flpflv hf*ari ini uliit'h no Imi*- i>l ,n>;iiMi>-Mi mmiM nl n 

Irir llntlip (lit iin|*tr Itinll . 'I'linr ;i|i- l<-\v villi I 'tiMiMl 
lirAt n|- liTi hni niniiy w lin t .nnuti ninIi i ll iml. \M • m 
In*! 11 pOWrillit llldkc nil thr l.iin v nl |<.illiii|l '. Iml d W , 

in ronipMiiInn, nrr nirri'liil l»v .1 IvHmi'iIih. 

Mlliii', lllrii'lnii', pniliv, p.nninn;, hhI n • 'lifr ihii.', 
mrty VIM V tiMlnnalilv hr* :in>>iii|ii| :n jiii • ill nil s •>! .HI 

rniprpis wlmlo |iili|i'i*i': ;iii* n In IliiMi-. \i.l I 1 hiumi 
hf'lp thinl.iiij;, tliAl llicv wlm ii|iiiiliiMr .ill it u.iv\v< u^ . 



^ F. 8 S A V S, No. 1(1^ 

knd a)l ihc modir* nf «AtAins iliv fenCM nl' ilia vulpai In 
ihv tfllicrt tif rvDiilnu ■■ Iitdtwni. hnpiout, er Inti^iornc, 
tlu iivt icci>ll«jt iba i«m|>l« ol' iiolanion, buk TuOVr iWir 
giKKl I'tiib ID l» ovtrfowfrcJ In ihin liiflitiic* by llic 
i;r)il ciC A hurbaroui rHnRticll'm, 

'1'^* ottico ul rcll^ian where iauf\{ ■ml nrilliclitl fin- 
litllidimcni* dmtilmiticil, liecoma Tu iilliiilii|tt i)i*i lhl^t• 
wild woulil DPvrr think til tlidr inor* ftxiniii ilHti'i. 
■re utien Invitcil Uy tham lo ihp churth, ■nd grnOii*llr 
cont^rictl. l.lhe ih* iiik» uC aniiquity, whu mln|tlK 






pBiturr. nion)' ol' ihe liiola and [iiulliBni* vnurlci uF 
vic«. have bean rntttttj l>V llie ttiniit, uiiil »|ii:itv<it<J( 
rvl'urnieil by th<i ffrimm, tvltivlt llicy laundvJ lo l\lf,h\, 

rrlit^ii 10 drride. 

I )ir«crUluii> nnil panipoua forflialiiiii* of rcllgioii, 
nnwrvir f it]ili>Jfil iit tli« warmtli of rol'iirniiiiiim m ft- 
(lilttcNl rfU<|iiri, »m triuinly \ii*l\i\ in llit comrnunliyi 
tvlimt ilicy irt not luJlered lo ■xcttd the bound* of ini» 
iteiatiun. Th»y were ritcf m«di ■nd olilbrved in KntUnt 
Atl.m. ami uwWM lt..m<', hy ihnl<i »li,i l,>trU nnd tli- 
jojA-a hl.NI)' ill i(> iLilldl rvicnt. 'I'lx-v »'ci<< l.>u»<l lo 
>i|iBriind[K» ill* imtjelly ol' rmplir, lu ini)>lr« « ijrnrtoui 
entniiriul'in in ihe mindu of tbe |<«nple, and lo furnilli 
them will) *n amufemrnt, nut unly iiinvmnt and ini- 
|iinvlng. but Rtlrndrd tvlrli tt wry hl|{h and (Hll'raautjr 
picrilurr.. None tun ilriclt iivpciy more tlian niyfclli 
Iiui yet it A}i|ieHii 111 me, llmt niunv of ilie l)'laiiilid 
Hiiii Hiisull Iceno wliirlt tbai |iriliiulii<n adnim, an 
biulily utiiful. if ciiiilidFreU only aa lurnlllilnft n hjrin- 
lrr< rntetiainmrui lu the lowei uideiK iit miiiiiIhiuI. \Vh«i 
I'liniiui van » Lvruinn carman, i bail man, timkney- 
um^liman, (itlitvonian, llnil in nn Kkt|llll> nirciinu or a 
tliiiich I but itiey would be dvliuhled, and weiy uuw(^ 
liilly lIlVMrU wiib iba (tranitfiir uud fulamuily uf a Ro- 
mill) |>ruL-rllion. A* we hnve no alliirenirtii* NdA)iic^ lo 
ihc'n ii<ni>raai ^nd rude inlnilt, tliey fpend ibe Sunday it 
iiii iilrbuiitei cvi'U M ilir neit dour lu the thnn \x, wllliovl 
a tvilli ti> MiK'r ilu- t.xilri-iutt'd |>luv«. AW tlini paffei 
iIk'ih h abotc iKrii' t:<im{)i die ii lion. 'I'brv nre but litll* 
rvO'ovtd f'Vin ilir 'laf of llie biui«i, and Uiey muft rt> 
,. miln 



>Jo.*?5»' 



Kf O R A r, KiC. t-y 



niaiii U\ i fur ihure U notliini;, in iKe only |»tdi-i-3 iii 
ivhii-'li cUrfy luvc an 0|)|uuiu4iiiy i>t iiilhiu'tiDii, m iliiku 
ihcir imagtnaiUiiiiii anil puiiiiitiiiu ihniu^jti ilic |idilii^»t 
ul iliu tutil'cb lu ihe durmaiil luul. 

It U iru«a inUerd, ihdi wi* iiilmU Nuilii- in the rlla- 
lililhtfd church i hue ic U uHn iruif, ih4i it ib in uriu-r.tl 
u kiRit 111' nutlic which ia liitle bttirr ih.tn iliKurJ en tha 
\ ii)|{rtr cari For in this ihciruiujliaj whcris urganb aid 
iliiiHy CO hi: fuuucl, the |ii:iforn)c!i» are uio lunil ut' 
Ihr^iuff ihtfir |>uwrrb nl eJieiuiiiui, and khhnn pU/ 
ihul'd hinple luneti which can aluiic uiivU this ninulb ul 
Uttf linipltf and uninTurmcd. 

'rhcrcs haa hrrn mucii iiinveiraiiiMi nu i\u: (idijii^t of 
Uili'Mung St. i'aul'diaihtfdrai with ihe jniiditiliinib dl ihit 
iirncil. Many urnll*, it lb Utd. hjvc utttii-d lu loniri 
(juic ihci t'Uuilb 1)1 ihcsir iii^rnuiiy, hmnit liruitUib havo 
arik'n cu iniitcdc iht: dtflii'u. in tlkit a^u Uiey litniiiii 
be I'liritanii'ul. 1 ir<illy iliink that jutluimu |ijtniiiit;4 
\U'ulil nroduir a dclaahli: riUkliui (hr inoiaUnf ihit hiw- 
cr tlalL-a, Hue it paiuliitg ib not. lu he. ailiMiucJ, ihna 
I'uirly L'an he uu uhju^tinn to Itulptuir. WcMintaltKi- 
Aiiltcy i& iiijv\ilt*i) wiih iiiunuiUtfiiU . uml I u-iil itiniun: 
t«j jijiulii'l, ihiti uni itodtiiiy will lot- fii. I'4ut'd I'liually 
hunuuic»l. 1 hdiu* ihd uvciii will iiol lake: |t|,iii- Ut lain 
,ta to cxi'linlcj liiili aiciti^ Ub llatun, (h it p'liniing ii ud- 
initicfclj lUkii ah Uyyi4uUt>« Wi-1(« aiuI Roiniicy. 



No. CLII. ON Tilt I'Hh^INT SlATh OV 
|'AKM.\Mt:N 1 AHY ttoaV I NlM.. 



IN taking a view nt parliuntentaiy r.litf|UL'ntf, 1 nii^iiu 
cu Louliiltri ii ab liiCally inde|<eiit(eni ul )i«iiiy antl )hi- 
lititb. and lulrly ab a lultjri't td liiciaiy lailf. li mull 
he a puiuliar udiU'WUdU id ijiiiii wltiih luHtiiwb m \e- 
tulbb applaulis tu the produ^'tiona ul gcniii:!, hriituli- ihry 
are ffiiund lu lavnui richn a iiuni iit an iiii|itiliiion. L 
wuuld alliiw an ei|Uitl Ihaie ul jiiaile lo (-i|U.il ^rniun, 
whether it anpeareii in a Icadti ut ihe iiununty^ uj iii 
ciu liiil luiiiiitcr ut Uiiid 



tjt ' R .1 S A Y 9, Vo. i}t. 

Thr r^iredian tmm i>ie ilirsna ait lltiln morv ilmn ilio 
Aumniltli'iDf iillkr. It wuiilil bn unreaAninlilr (Oo^prtt 
Inlhtiil tli< lire, ilin pttltiut, ihviirnmuHttof eciiiiliie nnJ 
■nlinntcil oioiory. TUfy itolllifk nn Mr uriitgniiy lilnlily 
profH ridd vlirtcn'tni'lHiml. 'I'hi')' lin-stliu * l^ilili oT 
tliifi'iiiy mid {inKriinl triiilfrnrtt, wlilvh at ntiFR ntarlti 
the JiiititdiKiif 111 till' ci)iii)<t)fri-| ttJiJ vnilrnrt llii> (fmkit 
in lilt prntilii, 'Vktu wnt i>iii> nn lli> mniiiiaiii-iiniont uC 
lliv wapwiiK Amr^icA, wluih tUrriVvi lo li* rpUflcil «* « 
Vary Ifiirtlevl «nil mffmcnaNv lnuAnoiM. Il wniiM hnM 
■dotntil th«' pauf lit' a I.ivr. " 'iTitf «foUil!im« ot pflf- 
*■ llkmc-iit," Invi lUi Mxinly, " bie«lh«iJ a fulrlt of nio- 
*> ilcrftil All anil rniti«ni-iiiiL-*. — I hovr •tirij wtili tli« Tuma 
" t«tnp»rt nn^toiu l<i |>rrvrni, tr'ii liiui lirnti polllbli. 
•' rKf ritiifimt n( ilir l>lmi<h>> iiiyiul>if;ii, ■ml III)! cat*. 
•• mliltiivlililiar* Inlrparnlile liiim»ll<i'vi>r'wari llill 
" ti(i|*iiiui (hut my t<riifilF ill Amrrltu \m>iiI>1 Imv* iliU 
" Ciriifil ilia Irniivrtiii* \i*w» uT llicii Ii'I'Icm, nnil ltn»* 
•< li»ii rnnviiHtil, lliut la l)» n M'UtX li> ' livnt Dtil«lft| 
" with all It* rt>nfii()niincr*. li lo li« the fi<a(t itnmbl^ 
" of any elvll InclDiy In tlif known wurld. ^H 

" gcncrnl. niiil ii mfliiirclUy vitri-lfil nn Inriht purpoff 
" III' ^llabliltiiiig nit lndf(>eit[ti'iit Pitiplr«. 1 niKd nol 
" dwell on the (iiiil Qlltrfin nl' ih* I'liccdn of luch n plan. 
'• 'I'lie olijpt't in t(H) imjipmiHt) llir rpirii nf lh« Drltllh 
" nittiiin loi) liigh, ilif i-eruurtci with which (toil hath 
'• ben^A her tuo tiumcroiigt lo i(ive up Hi ittany co> 
" IxiiiFi which Ihc hm (ijantpd will) ^nn iiiiluOry,. 

tl'sd with prpftt tendointrDi cn^nutnupd with many 

" ctiininrKinl fldyttntagcK. luiil (iroic^trtr nitd dvrtndcil 
" at much pxi'snte of IjIooJ mid trufllutSi— — 'J'h« 
" loiillHiit cnii'litynn'iti nf my-lliimphti, nitil the mull 
'■ earnPIt willii'K of my h«nrt, irnil wnnlly to ihw raTviy 
" duel happtnpl! itt' all my people."— ^'I'ha Tplflt ot 
■ ^ttat KiiiB. and the tenilrr (olifitiide which Iptaka 
the true lathfi- nl' hin pi>o|ilt-, i-rnder thU Tpcetih truly 
rxiplluit, and, iiidcrd, ita vviFllciice wa) evliicad I>y 
lt> rtlfft t Inr hmn ar«>i li wn> itillFminntfd nv<-r lh« 
hnlinn, the Amnitan war, ivliivh vvn imi'e iinUerfally 
iiiliriun, lici^nitii' n |«)|<uhr ni»'iluri>. t.iiilc illil the cnm- 
pulvr ut the aliuve |)i)ll'rig>.' tmitcivr, lliat lit A tvw ytara 
- ll.a 



D. is'fl. MORA L, kc, 9J9 

ts hi^hj^iiui §J' fh$ lititi/l* Mat /If it' would he ntdiir^tl in 

MuJtJ iiUiilAo tit Aitibitiit. 

Ill Hi) Mntfiitfilyi IIIms ilif- liitjhtfi houfi:, coiiliiting hi 
011, ill wltuitf eilMi4iiMU nil PA|itiiuc liittt titpii /)iar(ji|, 
hit HIV, III' who fiUj|«ht In Iti^i (iiiiuifiiPit liy lii^ir i«wiv 
mUbiI liiuHiinii ttiiii ilic cititiiipl0ii III an llfuitiiimfe An« / 
iUy, una iiiljjlti iPitliiimlily cMpr^i lu Iiii4 frvciuiriie 
jiinitlc** at' ililtliiguiitinl elu(|uuiii:P, liur it inally 
jmJU liB illthiiiU In iihiiitt A 11112*10 |ii!C!r who haii ac< 
i^Ud iioiiLtt ur ailtiilrrtiiiJii tur the Llaitital tslcjfaiutt 
Ulti iiialttfr Of hitt laii(f(in(;K. 'I'hc law h'jJb, ictlying- 
( thiii' |iiutcihiiiirtl kiiiiwiuilgct| do, iihlutfil, liciiucui- 
nialiB long aiitl ImjM (jidc!Lh«tt. Ainilhiiiiuil in Wow- 
Ml llie ttvulemti ai ih^ lidi, aiid illrtace oit ihtf hemhi 
11)0 lil iht^iil haV0 relaliiBil theii- ii)lolciii« hiuI nft'hJittdjy 
1011 ailvaiiiiBLl lu tli0 wiiijhai k. Uui ii(iit«j rihlhiiaL'y, 
d iiiiiibiiitua ili^tatiiHi, ihHUt*h 0V011 an iJ)iltai( rhaii- 
tlui' lliuuld uiti ilic^iii, raiMitii jd0af0 ait Aliii' nr h Uu- 
an talttf, imu' otiiaiii ihi^ iMaifd id |iiij'0 and l^gifiniitio 
Alory. lu loiigh dud liiiilluriiua vth0iiicni0 may, in^ 
0d, lii^hirn a ))iiilii0 laic at p^BU iiiio an linidiiit 
iuielLciite vviili ihi^ will id a luiuilltfi', hue ic will nur 
tiuvo iUo eltprm lit ihuld, whfi. 111 iha lci'L/li« ul 
cdi- lihiaiir.b, a)i)iic(iai<s ili» ni^iil an a wnik iit litura- 
I'd. A lew dukKb aiitl hiidb ill iippMiiiidii haiunot 
(fii deliticnl ill iiuilu iiui in SfUAtncts, hut ilidu liar- 
riuiii laiiuuagis, niitiin, antt maiiiidr, miiit afliga 
;m a rank anmiiij the (inihti, and nni Humu^ ihp lui- 
lird hniD id Aihrnn and Huiii^, i)t all ihu Ijiuci iii«6 
ikon in U10 li(in(0, htiw iow hav0 tsvci h0<?n ciilliidml 
il inpliiivcd in liliirtiirti, ai» inuttctb id iladlial »\f- 
IU0. I'adniu mid prilunal aniihiihiy hav0, indr-t-d, 
jduicd hiany invr.divtta, whiih uiHlily the lidui'.n df 
rcy, and aic lur lliu 111110 tsjtiullud heyond all tha 
jdu^tiniii) c>t tiicitoding in({ttnuiiy. (iui lb \Ufiistu- 
\i a Ilngl0 Vi'liiin0 nl Ipc^ih^b, hy tUa innlt Ictingni 
ling ihi: oiiiiiiib iit 1)10 np|)0r huuiif, whiih lan Im 
iduicil aa a (laltii al honU, or Itantl in ri'ni]ii:fjiii)ti 
h ihr iiittiutiiii 111 i!iLcri) r 1 think it nntilliuy to ic- 
U, iliai iny i0iiiaiLb liavis nnt ihd iDolMt'd'inu, i« lo 
ly. 1 am in luai Jt ol Mi oialur lo wliuni ihu «\»U\\va 



I that thcfwr J 
>9 for (he mA 1 
ma true fpiriCJ i 



>«o ESSAYS, No. 

(tfcUUCsnl may he juftly appllfd. I irgroi tl 
.of pftrif *^i the meunneli of fcrviliiy, has f 
purl exdutleii tli«t true ta&e, [rue grace, and ti 
which ia neccH'ury to furat B cIhQiciiJ cratur, t'lam ihfl 
har>n£UM of in nflembly, which niity bo dsemcd ihi 
tnoll aueufi in Europe. 

Ike Houfc uf Cummnns hu always been elleemed 
a very dilUnguiflied thcitrc of modern eloquence. And 
thrri! iiidwiT, nolwiihAxniJiog the fsmv inipcdiment* 
which, prevail amnnc the pecn, tc ii tafv lo produco 
many fplendid cx^imples. Jn thu Hoiife ol'Commonti 
men hkvc been lliinulatrd by the molt powerful mutiveii 
liy'lhe hopei of rilme i in the Houfc of Lords they 
hnve already rifen. liut ihuiigh we jnin in ihe la- 

filaufe ofcunimun fame, ytt let us alk, where arc U o* 
auiid. the vvluinei of OMiuritul t-Iegance 1 Have the 
fpeechet which have guined the prule of ndmiring' 
kincdomi, been no where cuilctled and recorded I Ha 
we lock them up in our book-cxfe), and put ihem inta 
the handi of our children h; modeU forimitaiionii u 
XtSont to form (heir yoittig minda, nnd raife i fuectffion- 
of oralnrs nnd p.-itrio(i i No ; the (precho are cclcbril- 
ci at tint, ;iud while dicy anlWtT ;i li-mpotaiy purpolt. 
They are tilie vegetables of a night, or infeds of a day. 
They have feldom ihai i'olidity of merit which can ren- 
der the ore valuable when the (lamp ia cflaced, and the> 
occafion of ii almoft forgonen and quite- difregardedt 
which. can prefcrve the plate Hill faleable afier the fa* 
Ihion i) aniiituatcd. Glorious wai the eloquence of 
Mr. ritt. Nations fhcok at the thunder of his voice.. 
But where arc the harangues ' are they prcferved m ilif 
lollrioBi models for the inllruiiion of pofterityf Inftead 
of beiuK engraven on brafs, they are almoll funk into. 
an oblivion, like the Ibldiers whofe bones once. whiten- 
ed the. plains of Germany. Yet 1 mean nob to decratl 
from, hi) gloiies. Language can fcarcely fupply terms 
to cvprefs the weight of his authority, the magnitude 
of hb mind and his charHiUtr, . and the_ eflicacy with-, 
which he thought, decided, l]n>kt, and a£ted. . But lec- 
it not efcaue the reader's aileiuion, that we arc enquir- 
ijig for a rival to the nialleily. nnd iranfcendeni excel- 
lence of a Cicero and a UcnuolUisncs. U fucb has of> 
late 



N«. i-ji. M O H A I., A^ 7%i 

l«ifr njipmrrfl fltiirm^ m, tlir titrinliry nf ilii: :i{;f* v/niihi 

h;tvr |iM frrVPfl if ] ilMil if it Ik" pirlrtvrit. In \\\n yn- 

liMiic* hf< nprrifv |irrif|iMiil, miil |)|i< |miIiIk will itiibt-iKr 
II '14 »n itlVilll|;«|ill' ttr.i(ii|i>. 

Tlirlf HI*', ifiilrrij, tti til'- (•■infr, fivrril i|Mf|i«rflff 
«l''i I»Miii» |f. *vlic», v/illiiii|/ 1(1 iii.il»- !h'*fiil»*lv»*'i of r'Hi(i . 
• pi'fn'*, nii'l to t«'iiirv" fli'lr i»A^ii flHiilii, whii h tli'^y 
lirtvi^ ruiiM'l Hi til** K^t"'")'. »:»M'% r<'Mt ;»ll ilii'ir "Hmmi- 
fi'ry Aii'l (lit thcit \-nt<itiility th f<tiytnii(r, mipI mii ;tii/ 
li'l** v/liii li <V'ii|i'ully iii<y |iriiriifii'* tli"ir lnirri»ll« nt 
{{iiilify tlifit piiiImii»ii. '\'Ur t^'rinntiit niwl (1i((<'it(«*iii ' 
f rl *'%{n\ {\\p ItMVfiiln wipi tliiM ilrflw; iinirit};'' lout 'Ir. 
f)Mit« HA N iitniliffy fif ptii)i(i«»«, At\{\ t)ir liitrinr nf pIm 
fpfniri Hill llir (MMifi, ihn \vi(r, jintl tli(* juliiiiuii 
olfli>r¥rr, pi'lns nttil flrlpM'* hmi tm nii itri|iiiiii-i|tl''il 
|irrtwlrr« with n^ lilt)'* fnl^n in flfiitir tp r a^ hr»hf*llv i 
line] fi4 til'* mrfp hv,i) nf the luniy I|iihii*i4 nt t)ir rti* 
rum. or the KnliinliMnrl. 

Thf Ni'plfnifi? iiiilt I <1 tirH'iwrd f»n fttir nriunr, J^ fi fu« «• ■ 

Ziiclri|iiqti* Id \\'m liirrnr/ tttriit, Mi. Mmi'.r Iki* j'Mi 
irril hi iIm' Wfiilil vny limifitifAMr ir(liiiittnir4 if hi4 
nmurnl Jilnlili'**, niid tij^ itM|i|irrt| (ftftr. \Vli:it (iiniiitiiji 
Atr tlif^f** |iii?)lif)iril iifitMHlf rti Mvihline, \vh»i li ipii hrnr 
II cnni|»flii(Mri wiili ilmln nf Mt. Iliiik'' ? With whii ilifr^ 
fifty If* nihlrrffrd lhr« |irn|ilr nf tliif|n| : (ui'l litiw tiifnii 
Ann Ifl'lr ilitl thry dptir^ftl , rniiiiMnrii ^^'ili }|illt wtinitl 
lll^y r^jf^lotl. Iilkr iSorrittrd lirfnjr ||ir jiid^rrq, lir np- 
pmrffl tiinM- iiltr tUt-'it nipflci thnti tli*-ii fii|'|'ii mi 1 (f^ 
com hi'ir^ with n fpirit wrtithy nf htin m h" i\miI' mii i^r 
fuhliiiiP nii'l hriiirifiil j wntihy nf n piiliOi'-'l Hfi'triti m 
tlie l»r(| nf ny,r^, •• Atiil now, j/rnilriiirn/' h» i no 
rlii'Iftt, " nil ihi« fpriniM itity, wh'ii I i ninr, ^4 it v.rrr, 
" to WnUt* tip inv imniitit with yon ; ht ni'* tnl"" to 
•• ffiyf''If fniii*- (IrjMfp (tf hntirll prul*- mh ilir i»n*iiti« nl 
" th'< I hdr^r^ ludii^ht n^*:iiti!t iinv 1 ihi not h'T*^ (l-i'i'l 
•• nrii|{efi fif vpiLilily, «'l iMt'ln't «il 'luiy. It i* linl 
•' fdi'l ihnt, in thi* Imi}/ piwlml nl my forvfir, I hnvr, 
" ft! II fttipjr iiillriiiif, f;Hiiliiril ilif llip,htp(l nf Jt^itr 
" ininclli fo my (iinliiii'Mi. m in my fniiitnr. 11 I9 
'* ll'it ;i)l' f^ril, th:|r t(i ^iiitifv Hiiy nnyrt ni |i'vnnj»r nf 
•' my own, ni nf my pi»ilv, I h«v»' hml >i lli»»i»' in v.'iniij*- 
•' ii'i; or opptrfhii}; nny vnr niaii in lUvy \Iv1vl\'\y\'\\ix\. • 



lit B S S A r S, No. Iff. 

** No I the chanc"* •9^"'^ BC 'f* *" ff "»<! kiiti, 
" tfcat I ha» puRwd th« jtctiml |innci(i1n orsnicnl 
*■ judkc aail briic*ti1«ncB tuo ht i futtlicr ihnii a na- 
** iiMt [lolicy would warrant. ao<t rurihcr than ihr opi- 
■■ niofif of Biatiy would go with me. In tiet^ aecidtnt 
*• whick may Jupptn i)miiit;h Ji/e, in p«ini tn ruitoiv, 
*• 'it liapKlIinii, ud dillreli, I will ihink urthii ai:cg- 
*< ifatiuo, aod bt ranfiintil." 

Thfw sie not Indcfil many nf the memb«M whn fa- 
vour llie public wiih ihetr haraiiKDct. fa that we liaw 
not an oppi<ttitniiy of jttiljiin|t o) aII To well a> of Mr. 
Unrba'i. VVc mnA, how«v<-i, achnowI(d)',e cnir ||rtu 
(ililif(]iU>ni 10 |)ic hieeniout Mr. Wooiltall, the rdituriif 
llie Mi)iniii]i dtmaivlr. whole RMmfry (ceint xjurI >b 
ihn iiitUncii oF whict) wa rrjul. bat which (iu noi uficii 
wcur in uuj iniMeBui-fe with fueiriy. 



No. CLIII. A. LlfB or LRTTIRB OSUALLV M 

i.iri Of coMi'ARATiva mifoctr/cii. 

IT ii not the Iran among tlifl happy tfTcAi or a Hudiona 
Iir«, that it withdraw) th« HuJeni from the turbuUnt 
fk-cni-i tind purruiti, in wliich it i* fcarc^ly lefi difticnlt 
lo fieie-rve iiinnccnce than trntiquiltiiy. Succefiful tludy 
rv>|uiret Co much aiteiuion, and ciigrollei To much of th» 
heart, that he who ii drrply tngagnl in it, thotigh ha 
niHy iiidcfd t>r liable to temporary bprrt, will feldtuai 
cunira^t an iiiveierute habit of iiuiuurality. There ii 
in all book^ of thnratter a reverence for virtue, and le 
tendmcy tu iiiTpire a laudable etniilation. He who ii 
early, long, and fucreftfully converfunt with them, wilt 
iiiid hit borom iillc-d wiih the love of truth, and finety- 
aHVifled with a delicate Irnle of honour. Hy conftanily 
•xrri'ilinp: hii irMilon, hii piiflinn) are gradually reduced 
Iu fubjefiton, Qiitl hit head and heart keep pace with 
•nrhiiihorinii.ipiovemeiii. Hut when I ntti^rt ihatfueh 
are thr confaqurnce* of liti:rary piiiluiti, it ii neceHary 
to dilllnguilU brtwecn the real unci pretended Itudent i 
/tu* then arc muiiy t!l«(u\vuii t«3.>i<:i« «.nd valaiile men 



No. 153. MORAL, kc. 283 

of pnrt.i, wliu uiYctX rrcciuricity, wliofe livri, \f uwa ntay 
in vK\irc(u ir, ure uiiitujinly irti-f^iiliir, mni wiii> c()iil<-- 
tjiirntly rxhibil r^'inaikublc iniUucci ui iiiiii-iy uml unl- 
turtuiic. 

Folly and iiupriulence will nrinUur inor.il and lulural 
rvil, their p,rniiinL' oiranriii^r, m nil iitu.iiiiiii.-i and lUddti 
cif lilc. 'I'iie kiiDwlrdj^e at nri^ and K ifitLcs luniioc 
prevciil llic* v'ncii and the wnc^ whiih mull .irilcr tionx 
the WitiU of kiiowirif* how to irjMihilc n.ir piivalr and 
I'ocial coniju^t. liut when* piu-Utm* hiid vliim.' .hi* uhl 
cJcilcicnt, 1 liclicvc trw walk.-, tit litr aic \>\^ tl.iui. • .11. I 
i4tL-r than ihu/o wiiiLh lead tliniuuii the i. iun:. dI 11- 
te Till 11 re. 

Many umontr mankind nir invtjlvrd in j> ij. tmil tn- 
mult, fb that U ihry f'-li an im liii.Ktuii i>> i iininii-r iIk ir 
iluiy, thrir niturc, ihi ii tuull h.i|i|>iii.-l , iln-/ n.dl/ 
would not be able to iiitil an r)|i|i( i :ui.iiy. I.iii in-, 
whom I'ruvidcnee ha^ blrlli-d v\iih an >fiili",lii( imi niind, 
and the command of hi^ iivvn unic, ii rii..lili>l lu hiini 
liib heait, and dircdi hi^ejioiie, aciuiUin^^ 10 ilic illi*'liiii-a 
oi* the mull imurovcd initlli-^l:i, aad ilic r\.un|ilei of the 
moll uci'ompl lined ihara^irin. Jlr ia, iuilefil, a ireaiuits 
fiAr rupeiior to the ioninujn InTii at men ; and bcrin^ u- 
ciuuinted with mire and exalicl phMluretii liei not unili r 
the uticcfliiy of lcek.in)( tirli^^lit in the j^iolld' |;iaiih(a< 
tiona. lie conildcra not luoperty att thr ihie/ }M)od ; he 
1% thurrforo (rvt t'rmu tenipuiiiiinti to violate hi) integri- 
ty. Diiiippointmeni in niatter^i oi intcrcU will never 
render him unenly or diriuntenLid, lor hi^ biMik^ have 
ilifcovcrcil to him a trriiruie more viilnabte, in hi« elti- 
jnaiioui than the riehen ut iVru. 'rhiou^'h all the vi- 
t'iilicudeii ol life, he han a I'ouree of cnnlDlaLion iu ihu 
retirement of hiu library, and iu the nilmijilri und re. 
lle^liumi of hia own bofom. I'lum hib rcadin),^ Im^ will 
colled a jull ellimateoi' the world and (d all arunnd him ; 
and, ab he will cheiilli no unriahinablc fr^tjx-^i.iiionb, he 
will be exempted hum fcvere dilappoiiiuncnt. 

The Lonverlaiiun ol many abonnda with ll.tnik'r atitl 
deiiatitiona not otlLMnidly and cniiidy derived iioin ii 
malignity oi naiuie, bm alio fium i^noianee, iium h 
vacancy oi intrlb'd, and iioni an inability to eAp.iiiaiti 
4JU i^cucral aud ^enciun:< tnpJL:). iiul v\liALi:vei Uc \Uv 



inottvror them, it It etTinlti iluit IfW trimrt aic mwt 
^ tt'Jiirlvui \n prlviia Hvj>|>lnrrt, rihI aM[>"flta lo il]« Atltit 
P rf flUf imlnlile rHIgfoii, tli»n llAndcr unti tletiufllon. 
Till' iiiitii >il' tiadinu; u \uuUt iiu iviiitiitiiun lo cduui- 
ntxte hi* lte))j;htiLjuj Ijdiii tUv AtU\ nM<U-ri>, or n wnni or 
ll(lt Fhr Itliriiil 4ntl rtfinrJ cnnvctrLitltin. He iiiivrtlli 
hlmTHf In lti> nelgKbour'. linp|iincri| but did nci jny 
inm tliandiiivi, tior f)l in Jii(1cii«nt on ihe domtIHe nr- 
rrirtprm«ntf, DCitttothTt'» f(imil|'. Mull uf (Iip m('!c» of 
rciniUl mr luu )litl* nnd inn \nw fin hjm. I If will nut 
fl'iop from hi» (■[(Viilion low eiii)ii)tli lo I'Irk lh» illrty 

tHIlin from III? HKiNHll. Hit lll(liieht> urB ttiBPlgtil lit 

pkuant mill rpcmlmivt l\ili.i>fli, far rctiiottj from alT 
wlildi trnd lu rxciie tnvy, \ni\o\i(f, or mitlavolei)ce. 

'riiew«nt of PtiinloyniiUl l» OHCPfthe Ir('i]iiciu CtuTti 
if vice I but he who lovM n SiioU tvill iievrr tvam f m- 
plojmViit. Thn purrutii nf IramliiK me botiiidlrfi, and 
ihfy prtrvni tu the mtniUdflijlhtrul Tirliry ivhklinn' 
not bt CKhnullfil, No 1lf« li long *n(<ugh to Aa att tki 
twMuiirul |il'tiir«* which the irti ind rdancM, or whlvh 
hitlory, pncirv, itideleiiiitntc ore nM* ro dif^'lay, Th> 

m;iii ..I h-ni-i; pn(lrff-> llir ^^.^^yr, nl r.tllnir ii|i n fiin-rf. 



fllied. Hf 
whith urges 
apHiiidil Vi 



r. I,i- 






(rTnre feciitrd fiom ihnt unhiippy (tnte 
ny to vive nnd liiilipaiion, mfrrly to fill 
[y. Evtn though hii purruiti Ihauld b« 
inning, una mi difcoveiies iin important, yet they aft- 
harinkr^ IC olhci-i, anil uTernl m himrelri ns prcTervit- 
livei or Ills innntence. Let him not be i-idituled or 
wndemiiefl, even though he Ihouitt fpend hi? tjtue in 
colliding nnd dercrlbing molhi, ninl'ej, fhellit, btrdi, 
weeds, or coini( for he who lovei thele things Teldont 
feti htB nirrflioni on pelf, cf any of thofe objcMi which 
forrnjit and diiidc humtn fncicty. I!e whu fiiuN lii» 
pJeiliiii'i ill a nuifrnnt eira libiary, will noi of'ieii In- fern 
in the lavcrn, in the brothel, of at the ganiitn;tnbtr. 
Ili'i^ plealcd ir he pofTerTefi f, non-defiript I'ollil, 



ichcd eiijdvmein.i of ilieii 

IMir thp ill-gnttrn weaiih nl" tlicoppirlliir or i 

Hut \w purfuits hnve mik.lly a title o n.i 

pniifc than that nC brine innflenlive. 6iip| 

«nv of the liberal prolVUMine. It' a clergyiii 






N<*. 1(1. Kl i) U A I., «rr. f^v 

ttrtlU'**, ll*» I IpV' «!*''» Im« limp fun! ul»iliti»« in |li.^ |lt|i|i;iit|iit(i 
\*i lllinniixK'fl fMMH Vlii>. (tiMtl (itilv. (t«>ni Mlili •••ulilt'^ 

fuMM itiiitlotiiv. Ii"in nil \Um niMHilMHi^* ti» AuitMtvntp 
tlil^ wiMh tt»*ihiph nf wii*titiPil tniittdn nitutr. IIfip th^ 
plml'Mi-p!! tirtruifllly tpdilhiig fiitin lit^ifiiy iMiiipfiiiiMi ai« 
iin|»Mivi»il l»v tlm 1iil«tiitH> It iiliititMH III iirUv»* ht»ni?VM . 
|rmp, Oi»» uMnlnii-iltl'^ « Mitli ifMidt' h i»l i-U.iin iiiji ih^ 
ttti^M ItnpphtPh if| llnifrt itiHiM|T ntlt pinit liMnu iirriliiip« 
who hnvi» iu»l iMiji'p'il ili«» flilviiiiiijirfl nl pilii. ntimti Im 
tlir* pprlntntrtMrp !•! tli** ^miIIiI <* udM •> i«f a (mip |tntilii 
frii'tt, llv'ie |« rt n»Mpl|ily nl It Hiti^; -in t^ iinplr, nnti pf 
pti>rpiviii|t (Irrnrum mI ilir^MiMn x n tirtrlltir whii h umi 

llllt'P* tiMM h (i« |h(» IpiiirilV i<f inlifii-iHr. Il 14 iiMi'it n 

gn«flt tifi)«|*iitf r« ht hppUiPil in n iimI. wlmtr, m thp m 
Ihrtlut* nl n»nlilpnri» niiit oM'nlitv, f»»»' mMiMl il»p f^1l 
nF ppriiHrtf llmitip, <i»U, rtMil illl^irur. hph llfliilv tMnlp. 
ijut^Hl nn ill ht'liAvimir. nmnrtti NitMtip n;int« pviwy 
lup^mit \v hrip it finm lApliit^ liihi (li|M:Miiv. Im-iu 
4MtPI^II AMil II InliiiMltlP lilt tppiHiMlMM. ulfM. Itt Itmii* 

ttuMt^httol^ iiilprvrt)« the pillnr!" nl vinup l«i^in in iim 
in, niflv lli'p thp rdll. 'I'hp pnllMliiMi i^l n niIiiiIiIi» ihn- 
tnvMpt- \\)>i\li ttny lif> Inl), nmt i«l rt ilighity wliiih mult 
1<p liippt^Mptl, nil* fiMpit veiv uIpIuI flti^iiiAtip^ in iIpIimhI 
in^ llip riln«lp) rt^iiiii) thr iPinpniniy flllitiilti rl pofliitu 
nnti trmptniinn. 

SiiMP« tItiMi, itip ptitlttil (•! IpttPM U flttpiiit(-i| \s\\U 
tit'tnv (UriMnltnmi>« ppniiiftily iHviiurttMp tMiitniHpHir. 
himI nihi'Mpiputly (u pnjMvmi^iM cT \\\p piiirlt miu] nuHl 
p(>rmflitpnt Ippiip^, llipy wini Imvp l«ppn li^r^il iit In «lp 
iiir»Mp (k IiIp ft« rt lilt* uf |prtiiHM|i. uugllt In l«P |i|ftti'liil 
In rri»\itlp»MP li'i- ihpii Inthittnlp Inf, fltnl pnili fivntir In 
innkp llip toll iPiMfti in tli»Mr pnwpi, hv ilivnting tlipii 
IimImm*! tImmi nliilitii'o, mnl tNptt- drtpiiirnipiiiia, lu t)ii« 
|{l>i«y nl (iuilf nnit the betulU nf innnkinil. 



r^u^. \ I tv. 



' No. Cl.lv. ON THK ADVANTACIH WlltCH 
MAV HB UEftlVUD TO TKK TKNimn AKIl 
I'ATHETIC STLVB.PROM UIIINO THU WORUi 
ANU I'llUAflCS ur SCRll'TUHE. 



IT 1* obrorviblfl ihni an Rudlioce oflin lAU([)it or 
V&wiit in the nii>(t inteitOlng ruiien of a iiio(tera 
irnKtJy;— a Umenmlilr iiniul iirtho {Kiit'i tmb«cili|]p. 
'I'ltc ^lort I he nin^i itiLlrro, bi a vrtAfitt in*l a declaimeTi 
1ni[ lie ii no [•otl, win) titlU a tragic lala without dic)iiiii)t 
a wet. Lfi ut not pruUnt th> Tacteil daiiic of jtoti \ij 
Ueflunlng it on the rMlli' p'irt»(l»r. 

It ii nt>t tnavaii thnt the UuguiiQe of a traji'ilyli 
Rgwrtv. tli* flinlllnt find )i)cl«l^hi>i> biU'l^MU. i),,- ^r<h 
melitdiouit tliofo uihH beacliami .>''■'■ ' ' .il.c 

jtower ur almighty avnluit whirli <• «. 

irmh. wiiirh CBiiniM nc iitiet|iintrlv i. 'i 

i»»r'.-v'i"r^". \\\r/,i,it/h>ilfi UJ'r\mmnm. 

FloriJ Jiflidll miJ p(mi|.ioU5 dcrl.imalKiii are, imlrrd. 
fouml to be ihc Imll aJaptnl «( nil moUrs nf adtlrel) 
to nHVn tli<! Riicr renribllitici of nature, I'lNtn wordf. 
wiihcut epithcm, without mclHpbnri, without riinilir*, 
have nflcncr r\citcJ cmotiona el ibc tcndvrcll rvmpnthi, 
than the mcll Inboiitpd compofiiion of Carne'illp. Vb 
will) tvoiihl Iriitn liow to toilcfi the bcail, |ro not to llir 
rdiools of France, but beronic the dilcinlriorSuphocln. 
Shalvcri'ciiiT, iiterne, and CbHltrrton. Thou captivating 
finipliniv I 'ih iliine at imcc to died what nil the arti- 
fices cfrlirloiic, with all its tropes ni ■' 



itililh. "i'is thine to diflbtv* 



the hnrdcil hcnrt, nnit to !• rcc even llubln 
tirmblr. A few words of limplc pathin will penrtiaie 
Ihe foul to Ihc miiclc. vvhrn B Imn.lrrd lin.-i otJcilBi,,.. 
tiiin Hull nirail it nn \'v\'\y and iiiellcauAll}', asa gentle 
galo Ihc tnvuntaiii utlMiiiliniiiion. 

A wriiei 



Nfi. |i;4. M O n A 1.. Arc. *l; 

tn im(lll*kU i'<ilti|ililtUiiti«4 hy rt<|ii)i|tii|r lln* tiKnty wmmU 
flttil tthl(l(ip«« iniidikftlflrt lii| iltPi) iM'rtiitiliil hiM|'li< H)', 
tvhi« ll ItfR itlttif-(pf>f(f*it llMllftr |i)i>Afltl{f« (to «V( M na VP 
tlPtftlilf* hlM»ki (III* tiffty lilliliv 1 ifiiHHil« itiitml^ rii 
4il**)y H^lfe Willi llii»(f» frt'lilitilQ I Mill 4 tvtiM jMfi'niiil In 
flMMiVPI in lllP lili|i|t||rq nil tlto ijtMiia ii| nil lli»- liiit 
rUnii ^1 Til |ilfrt(>* lli(? it\l iiimI tliift|iMi<iliiiii« wi M« \iiv 

ii»lf*iiiir m1>.j**i14 ill lli(> lipiu'Vtil"tii ttitiiit til llim wlm 
rttiif***! nil Inily d tijiiinr in lip wiUtf n ifi <Hit ul^. Ilui, 
Mt ttiP (ftitiP tiitif«i ii h iprUtM tliAi Hit V filtiititiil ill 

llli;h llP4llltP4 ft4 M( VM ImII lit |ilnft|p ilifi iMiill I iiltivntril 
l4(|pi Mt^Otlpo (lirii ftlliiiiillihiu fiililtiiiil)'4 itii-y linvt' 
titlttty tl tmJlftgf ^11111(11"^ tPiiiIri himI |ia(liriii, Utii 

ftitttiirnhlf* liMiillrtiiiMi hriq |<i«Otivril ilfiii ill fill itiPii 
beftMiy« ftitJ Alt l'iii|tlillt wiitiM ttifty (•-l*i'l Imm li u 
•li'Hiiti lip(l(i» liiiinl III |{iili> l)ip (vtii)i(tiliy III |}i!**la 
ihrtii rtiflll llt*i MiMil irili^liiiitiil mmkN'I^ III liMiiirtti Hint 

4111(1 1 itm. 

f4ltiMi'« \vlin, tliiMt|t)i Im '14 juflly 1 nivlpttitirtil Im- Jij^ 
lihfrtitiilm^ IimIImIIuI dm immiummimii tnliMii I<m lU** \*n 
\hv{U 9 hfi4 nvai|i*i| Itittlli'll }Mr{iilv' III till* l< ii)itiMiil Imii 
^MitttPi tit nil Ith ninlt nllii'liiiu jiHlhtu* Q4 In Iihd tnii 
trtlril fltf* IMI-II4 |)vli«« tltitlli10l, fittil (itfi|t||t ity4 n| llm In 
< ii't witli'ld* (*im1 111 im liny •<! ill* 111 lin« ti fttili ii|ir>l wlmlr 
l»*ntPMr»<a, 110 liiiitnl M'l Uii(tli'«^r> nl lilq n vii 1 milil 
«*i|Im1 llif* liiif'ly Pv|iirllivr« lin'linti nl mn iiiiiitritni tnuif 
Iftlltin 'riif>M< nil* n iliiiiiliihil hiltitiir* ill IiIp ti|iiiniiii|i 
fif-||»fMlf* thti'il|MM|(iil ill nil llii- lii'liri |itMQ III liio \t-ii|^(i, 
rtttif ttM i-Pft»l0i ill tiiintiiiitt iiiiiiM yfili'iii inn jimIq iiy |}i»>iii 

lltltlillil f*i| I will i|iMit(« Mtily iiii»> III Iwii iiilt III! Pa Idli lilt 
lintll ih** tilijfl (ti|lltil(»il plM 14 in |)|p tiiplii llylr, 
" Mmidi lli'ini^li mil irilL \"-ia tu v mIi» lilq nl il|ii|ii(l 
'* iiiili'i ol liiiP |iiiiii«. /\illi<'iiiin lifli| imi' l|i>i| Ip'I liiitl*.-] 
" Willi (ntiiMltin^ tlinl \*n\:i !• nti »• pm ilily. ninl In inm It 
*' wnKtlnif* (tli'nii Im.'i "I fill tlntt iIm Ii^ -11 i whIh p^ m iHi* 
•• I V#» Innko I'll 111 Wi linn 11, llinl 1 n|ll>l I lit- 1 1 m> •- o li*> ^*\^■t 
" Winn mil •>! In-l lurtin, m llml*- nl I' lira nnt nl iiiiiii,, 
*' Dip (liini|i| nri| iinly Piii nl niy !•>• luj^ <Mi'l iJiikI' nl 
" liiy I nti| lint Mntti liinnM lit- m iny IhiIihm. pimI Iip 
" IttliU tllQ Bl rt iUll^iit< 1. 



SAYS. No. 



If 



" A4lfi)| noor luckUri mtict^n I imbilte tlie oil uJ 
*' wlof whicn the TOmpnfiion of r l\t*i\gtr ot h< fc. 
" jaurnrih on hit w«v, nuw pnuri inta thy wnauii, 
'• Th* ileini; wlm liAt iwi» br»il>-d thee c«n onl)' blnJ 
" ih»ni up hirevfr." Again, In hit dnfrriptlan afilii 
optlve. " At I ilrirlcriiMl iht little Ughi Mr had, ki 
" lifirj lip n li'^fuFtafi fv« towNrilii tlie liaor, ibM 
«• »A itdo>vn. lhr)ok I'll litxt. iind went un wlUi hit 
■■ wprk of alllidiiin. 1 heanl lili clinim upon hit Irjn , 
•• ti ha turnPil hia haAy id hy hit litilr llkk u^'un m 
** bundlt. He Rnv» ■ 'ietp Dgh. I Taw the iron enlcr 
" tnio hi> Cou]- It it eaiy, but tt it noi neceflorXi 
to ndttuce innnv more in(tnnc«> in whlcii a writrr, whfl 
Cfnintntlymfefleil in lh« power ol'mtivinj; tht aUttlioiit, 
frit himl'elf tinct^ual to the i«(k of ailvinciii]; [h> llyit 
ofpiithoi tn In liighell pcrrejllon. nnd (bu^l.t ulTiAftac* 
of iho bible. 

It ii eniy to fee ilint the writer of fo mnny irnder lii4 
fitiip]epRirn£rth«(l imiinied ihedcli|[hirul bonk orHigili, 
With whit pleKfure tliJ a mati nf hit rrtling rvNtli " In> 
*' trent me nnl to Irnvr ihee, or to Miurn Frnm fbllow* 
■■ inn»f«T(hrei for wliilher thniigneft, I will j;n[ uniJ 
•■ «lKTf iK.'HloJtrlt. I will joJj,r; lliy yr<<p]t fl.,,!) I>C 

" my prople, aiiU iliy (JuJ my do'lj whctv tlmu ditH 
•• will 1 ills, anil ihrrp will I be buried." KtFrno Aolt 
the very jjiiriiof tbii pnlin[;e, and inilcrd of all ih« Ani 
llroket of tondenieri, nnd mnny in otic there ii, in* 
bonk which it often laid nliilr nt nbl'urd knd ubfotftt. 
The choice which Sterne hat mode of texti and of cl(f 
(ioTii from tlt« Tcripiurei in hii fermoni, are proofi tblt 
ho (mho wfli une of th» bell judnet) wui parttcultrff 
llriick with the nfj'eCUii|{ icnderncfi and lovely Itmplicit^ 
(if Icripturul liiif^uiiBc. 

The Doei, ihrivtore, who ineani to produce a tn- 
fitiy, wnich Ihall be able to Oanjl in j^round even after 
the (irll nine ni|[hti, withnui ihenidof putlin;;, and with- 
out fiUin); the pit and botci with ordrrn, Ihould fome* 
limit go 10 the fame fountain, and drink the waiert of 

rdclicnl inrpiratiun of which Sterue drnnk To copioaHyi 
lu will jmpiovc areatly by Hudyin); the languajje aiid 
Itidoriei of Jol'epti, Saul, nnd juniithAn. of Ruth, of 
' Jofc, 



^III. I'i^' 



M C) U A I., .Vc. 



'■■'J 
I, 



|iili«ii( llir prihtr. Ill |l:ti.ilt, «il |rir|||iAtt, iif iitdM V li I li- 

KiMii^rQ r vfl V wiif'ir' iiitri Ijii i (• •!. iiiiil iil llii* |iii.il>l< ; 

II ihn Ni'w 'I'l- Ifftinrhl . |iii)|niir'iil iiuil |:iH«- iir>'«'i 

4iiil)' itn rlisil V In f* lr/l • (ml In- tiiiy ili-iirnt iijinii m, 

hrtt n (Vtff'l *>l iWti W't'W (I'li'i'li'il will ^, itn liiiii lli< ||i|i ll 

i|ipUiifc>« lliai wiii« ll r^ iiiiitryt'l iii d^-^ln diiil li /.i ; 

\tp\ hllli ftilly p<<lhiit«lr liiitifi'll, llisil llir milv nuiliiiij 

>| niirrrtliit^ jiiiWri hilly I'll tlir li'i liiif^i III ii:ittiii . I- I.I 

rfllMltn* ** fill mill iiHri'Ulliili, flinl III tliliirir liMi iiiK jiml 
II... ..ll. il.. 



iiitiithiifv. 

HiitliPlllitig innnrdrtiy tii lir ilniirln |iiiii|iiin(iii ulln 
ll|ili|, 'I'hr llifilllli (Irttf* in Ml lin iliiiiiir. ll i iiiiiint 
IhiM h Irftlftri lir lii|i|iiMlril liy Itnr ilirli> >, |i.iiiili •! !• i-ip -.. 
It|llltl=« «ltltl|lli(t, rtml |tntiliiliil|iir \Vr It.iii Ih.iiI;: .14 
kvrll MQ rfliQ mill rvrq | il ihry kiiinv nui limv In inin li 
iiltl IMftii'iiQ ftl C )|il Mtiiiy, III ii« liilti'tt ill itir n|iri4 
llollltf« ntii) (i'i< lite tiiitii Italiil ll|iiili iilir li'^. 






No. ( I -V, ON riir r Miiii» m 



OH n.N i"srM i"i*iiN«i 
I u tui.v . 



tin '. 



IM I' I' in .1 \ , 
■. I nil M i !i I ■» 



^•"^lll', V, \i'l|n{ii Wt/ililltt iMIiltfli III I iMilMii;.' ni'l 
I < tlllll'tu« ivliii iniid'lii |iiiliiiiii'iit :ii) llii i-iil,- III 
lllilll V»lli|'-ililr> iili|f-i'| III tiiitii4ii |iiii(iiii, ;iii<l «■ !iii |l iii-l 
Iff i|(\'f' (ll fllmiili 111 iiiili |i' il'lfllll V' "I III lliiii.il MM III iml 
:'h4l'4i-il I'c Will nilrti lliiilf iliiil iii-.nli a-. \\\r\- n |.| my 
rdrtyt) (ll lliry ii'dit lln lii .il u!l« v. Iin h 1 : tml ill > ly J« »ii'| 
lilltHli' lllC* MllU'l 'e ilii|il i|i|riii I't in vi'iilui iiij.* iiii--|iii|a 
liijiilrll 'ill liiMiiy ijuii}.*! iiiii-> lull]! I'U l^-lll|lll|l |.( 1 yi . 
It in iiiiiilnrli, llti'y i'>^i lllilll. In I III liiiiili II III! Iiiiiii 
ill • Itdtii I* III r(i IrildiJii mI ii|r|i i iii( III, luf-nliiiii luni 
I'll Itiiitt lIlP llinlliliir III Ji.illiiiiiijfr , mill (in ndt 
l}ri WiMiU 111 It I r-liln uh i| iikiImi ) *' In immIi :i l"ii}jr. 
' illlUt illfrtiy. lIliVMIiril Viddiil ill l|>.iii. :iiiil i M liili'.M " 

Uill, *' yr Will' ttliri III I lir VI II I •]" ( .III III Mir 11 :iiiil ii| 
'|i|tl*tif|fi||l Wtlirr liii^Jil I'ly), " li^Miifii .Hilly ^i^ V Inl 
Iti'i ftlllMii^ I ur ll iil1|r-|, iiml liii^f yifiii ii ]\M -i lilt VMM •I- i| 



jti'i I 
VIM 



II 







\ 



\v\ 



•* |-n)m one inllnucc off your fnirit iind wifd 
•< public juilfi^ Cif aIK Dnrc* yc, if ralfed by a I 
«* of nifan fc rvility to n fcac in the Uritifli feiii 
«< Avotr» or cxprcfMn iin^»lr fcntimcnt accord! 
«* own iudgmc^nr. tnu) without Hrll rrligioufl 
«• \\\\\ ilic jijoil of your iilolairy } CVnfure in 
•< tor an hourll (ionton). Hlulh rntlicr at 
«* ntcanncl'ii and oo\v;iriliiv. Pity nie no nil 
** eluding; inylrlf hy iiMunity (Voin tlvc favo 
•* p;r(*At. I nin liappior in (ht* lihrrty of ri 

• « thou}>hr, throu<>)i all (he* ni;ryt\s i>( human I 

• < uttering my undilu.uilt'd foniiiut^nts oi\ whr 

• • und hiMi', than in ^ainiiii; l.tvour where t 
** l>c j».\iurd, inrirly h\ ruhiulllinj* to the ni 
«• i'oiucalii^}* (luUi. luui ip^Mkiut* ;u'iorilin|» c 

• ■ l.'iirs of Tclf iniriril ahuu*. lU.unt* me ni 

• • you |M>int out thr [^ ill.ij^' in ihc liolju'l, wl 

• • nt?h t»r rrhukr i-i prohihitrd, and wherr n 

• • li'r\ani ol Jc'lus I'hrill is tnu:',h: to how ihi 

• • an unhrlit*viu(<: au() drhau^hrd ntlcr of this 

•' Uui you nir .tOlu.Jt.vl l») tiwv, luUly i\\ 

• • ^uv^vt^^lll I'h.iptain, lUr ,.- n't.i.jvt tuloi , und 
■ • i'ouip.iiiion i*t a j»».ui!»*i:. iImI. '. You rail, I 

• * wti.i: you raunot rraoh. Hut, my lord, givv 

• • to .If'., w'hriiui* vuu ixw \\o[ ACiw.iXfd hv ii} 



No. 155. MORAL, Sec. 2S9 

Job, of the Pfalms, of Ifaiah, of Jeremiah, of many fingle 
pafTages every where interfperfed, and of the parables 
m th« New Teftamcnt. Judgment and tafte are cer- 
tainly nece^ary to feleft; but he may depend upon ic, 
tkat a word or two well feleded will gain him the trueil 
applau(e, that which is conveyed in fighs and tears. 
Let him fully perfuade himfelf, that the only method 
of operating powerfully on the feelings of nature, is to 
lenooBce art and affedation, and to adhere to truth and 
fimplicity. 

Something is necefTary to be done to produce an alter- 
ation. The theatric (late is in its decline. It cannot 
much longer be fupported by fine dredes, painted fcenes, 
tnufic, dancing, and pantomime We have hearts as 
well as ear^ and eyes ; if they know not how io toucK 
our paffions at Old Drury, let us haften to the Opera- 
houie, and fee the man (land upon one leg. 



No. CLV. ON THE FIGURE PARRHESIA, 
OR ON EXPRESSING ONe's SENTIMENTS 
FREELY. 



THEY, whofe wifdom confifts in cunning and 
caution, who confider preferment as the only or 
tnoft valuable objedt of human purfuit, and who iland 
In awe of grandeur independently of perfonal merit and 
cliara6lcr, will often (hake their heads as they read my 
eflays (if they read them at all, which is not likely), and 
blame die writer's imprudence, in venturing to exprefs 
himfelf on many dangerous fubjeds without referve. 
It is madnefs, they exclaim, to cut himfelf off from 
All chance of ecclefiaflical preferment, to exclude him- 
Eclf from the funihine of patronage ; and (to ufe 
the words of a celebrated orator) •' to create a long, 
'* dully dreary, unvaried vido of defpair, and exclufion.'' 

Bat. *• O ye wife ones of the world" (an honeft and in- 
dependent writer might fay), •' fignificantly as ye v.hif- 
" per among each other, and hug yourfelvcs on your own 

Vol. 1L O ** pro- 



- Iho 



(90 E s . .\ V >,, \,.. ,,-, 

' lirofbuiul fiwiciiy, I i.tluc not y<>Liri]>iiiii>u( wiiUnnj 
' and thftugb 1 preicnii not to dtli'Ui) tnhvr hontiurttv 

• cmolumtnt) fnirlj' »inl openly olttnincd, I tbiHt ibf 

• memi* ve u(< in ilieir piiriuit bair ind iwsd, anj rhii 

• ^ purcimrf «!l you fH'flVl'd 4i( » pri» too d«ar. Y« 

• r«ri|;o your rcsfan, voiir Hbirriy, and, 1 Anir, up 

• ort«n, Y^ar truth and honour. Vo in: nU Rnyvt, ui 
< the robsi oroOice and dignity, in which yc jtrjdv yoa^ 

■ Wwi, «re but the llvwio wf a f^ileiidid ftrviivdo. 

■ trom one inHiiiiCc of your f^>ir'n «nd wildum tr| ihr 

• public jadgeof (ill. DRrevc. il' ruifrd b^al(tci{>c«UFta 

■ or mean fervility to a feat inihc Briiii)) lonftie, t'gi*e 

• avott, orf\prcf*a finjle Icmiment aieordiixj w ywii 
iudgmeni, and without firii religinttlly' cDafuh- 
ho gi'd of your idol.iiry? Cenfui* me 119 moK 
I honift fi«edi'm. Olulh rniber At your owl 

• meanuefi ond cuwMrdicc. Piiy me no mor«, ai «>. 
' eluding inyl'elf by temerity from the favour* of tbt 
' great. I am hai<pi<M' in ih« liWrty ot langiut. m 

• thought, through all the mavcB of humaDlilv', and of 
' uiiamgiiry uiim%u)f«d (eatiincnti on whatttedAi 

• and h«Hr, than in K^iniug favour where faiOiiritM 

• (.■omctiliiip iruili, iind ij'ifjkint; ;icioriliiig to the <!«• 

• Mi» nf lelf-intefPll alone. i)l4imv mc ho more till 

> ynu point out the piiUHpe in the gtifpcl, whct« bulJ- 
I nefi of reliuke ii prohibited, and where h profefitJ 
' fi'/vantof JHus Chrift i.i Mni^ht 10 how the fcutc n 
' Hn onhelievitig and debauched ruler of this world, 

*' But you are titlnated by envy, loftly I'lijtit'Ai lb 

■ ^uccefVrulchn]^lnin, the fiMr^'nM tutor, and ttavrit!*! 

• companion of a yrnceU'lsL^ttl;!-. You rail, f^yt he, at 

■ what yon Titnnot reach. But, my lord, five me leavt 

> lu nik, whether you are nut niitiiat«d by .-ivarlcc aad 

• worldly ambition f vlco in a chtiltlan paftnr. uftltfk 

• culp.tble tlioiienvy. By«liatwerv youa^1uaie<t wh«i 
u K^infd the favour nf tU patron who mifrd yoa la 



• vournonotiM, merrlv by diu.king and caballine Ar 
"■'■'"" 1 prAAi 



• Kim ai a cwn«ft«d tieition ? Your p.itr<>n | 



' himffflf a tleia. and you kiiaw he kfieu» ntaiiy na* 

• fubine:. tly u'hat weie you Nil:tuAl»d wnen yon wfit 

• alwaya Inking hjiMoiiiaiav, unddinincai hituhlt' 

" Wa. 



M M |» ,\ I., Xr, 



" W'll i( ft (tf^dtf Id |iM|t'utl liitti fmiM llti* c-i-iii .if li'i^ 

" ^vri)A f Pi'l \'**Si «>w«i il«i|b fii liiiif piiii iliifi!* iiiii. i( 
*' ill* (ft i |)i'l I'l'M ili(|iliilH v'lii r 

** Alplj ^vhh I* f t'» •'• til "111 V '•« iIh- ni"ii»'*j nl m'.- f ■ « • 

" ft Mill 4 V'fiM |(<l'llli>M t^ ill 'III I inlit In I ifiiii-l - I . i i h i .• 

" tl'tlM (>|ivi* a« f'lpi I ly ^^ ilh*q In |i|i|iiii lln iil-j- i |i> 

" WtiM f'fPF'liv il'lit"-' *'< hIiI'i'mi^ hIiiiIIv |iuiitii •I'l'^' iiii I) 

" |tf'lhli|t|»> IllPrlliq llf (hii»U. IIiM VoMI ltll'll)ll|l (Inll 

'* itIlluM liy Vf'lt IM^'M I •p*-li« tl> !•« ^^Ifnlllit <^ It li I ll iwi 

r* ' t 111 



" ft Ml) MMllt h^ (liftt'lPiiilv )>M»fii»-il. 1' itjiiv \ IIIM iniiM* mipI 

•* y»MM rulh}iHl t luM !••• mp nlln "tij-iv luv lilp|''««ir. if 

*' Vnti rhiif^ (Ml nil ii I1I4 iMv Immiimih. | n-ill tuKir) •! 

•• i»tH**l luril V M» "••*' IpIi"*''' ; I llM • II •• lli'tM -I , Inn 

•' II»M V'MI («IV I run jii -ili f •, ••»!? "iv Vrtni'V. M li UkI* 

•' iM IPHIf-fl f:»iM»*, l»«' I" (•••I' Hi" ptfi»i(i' 'iiJMti iif tfiy 

•' VflHlM*4 I |»l*"»«l JHllllV I" ill"- 'liiilij'v I »l'n" rtti.iv 'I 

" WiHt tn |Mtit»<r4 1I1M jiliMir p|l»-^i|i, lull t {•iiili«» III III- iii| 

" tit* Hiiilt'*! iip'tli'i't I'l t>"" *'!*' it . t ii>lv I'M iIi>'m ffiiii'ii 



*' 'I'll )M»'("IV>> tit** f!i\MMI •>( ill" iniMii , rnnl iIm> mj* 

'* tiMihiiiiui itf my n«vit hf"\n^ I tliinl- ii ii-'*-iriit <•! 

•' rHUllliUPi wliilf I *<M'", ill" n|"*M il«'i I.iiiii«m ••! mv 

*' ri^lMiMI''tM(i4 Hull '|e lli>'V 'M", »>"|tinllv iiiliiiilii"M> 'm| liy 

" ltl''^tt llMltua, mill ii|\^1t>llv d|i|Mr>l|p|l(iiittq. Iicjivi 

*' ill1ll«« IMnv flppiv tt'lmi ^VMi Mp| i-i iiipinl I" l»" i|iji|i''l, 

*' III lli«'li|(»'l\ "» I iltt»l« ill ll|p <v«»iM|ili mI Mil «■ .'ilji » iumI 

'* fllilMl, llliy lli"\v tll^ii li'UiMiMPiil Ity ii»-»l"«l I'l •'■II 

*' hlM>i Mitltf-lht t ltftV» i'ltihVtl tKilliiiiU mI iliii l-iii'l 

•» i»r tt'hi' l» I « »»ii iMiiijiUlii. 

" \ Mi Mfp lIliMI U» |iuMlllll">l ((M'Ii rtWlil"! tuililit |i|ii 

" t f'»ii] iff fit y ill 1114 lUf-'ii*") lit fMttpli<\' iin |i>lf ill |ii'rti .* 
*' flint }iM1(M **tM pf flthl III Mtiiiii" r*-!tiUio >il I 'iii[ti>iil i| l-ii 
*' llttl'Mllo* by fi fiPt' i-iMMiMimi' dtiiMi ul Ici'linpq »iii lil 

O 4 •« ^^^\^-«^ 



'juitM'fcy «M. tiiS nu«nti Mi«iiy m iiify « . . , 

•• Kiitiily. lit* iiii'h «nil mmiiin. i-iliUiji ill icvi.H', I,ft 
1 1 1111' 



V \wHi l)),iulil lulHlll] 



111 I mi 

- tlinijiatllMII. ri|<iri> t>i'i> > 

' l<iiri*tl. iTlVi'VHilifii i-iiy 

' Hill lujuiy ill lhpitli>.i, ill ii umliliiii nhtili I liovtwrji- 

' wn (■■HI mjiii'ti iht InU'ifil I'l mif mn' Inn ilii- wiii«, 

" In lilUBMj'prciilllli . Kii; \ (111- luijlln mill), itlW 

< nm)- ttf * mitfitl n* ni'M M< mllli'iiv lirnnliii. i\t At' 



t aiitl Ndt 



•* VMiiuuM In the ilfiriiii' ill w\\*\ ho iW«m* ih« irmtii 
" hii, fr(irv-uiiiU>in(f> llnnil'l i(><|iiiro tl. itr tlU tn IM 
*■ tonAiiitiiiliiii. A ilmU itiut liikcwiiiDi |>ni.liiit( lu I 
" fltiiti cNulf h IlllU li»n»i (li«ii iltifriiliiii " 

fl^uvht I I'*)-, li ihi fiiiulvi)])- wliKli nil liKUiKtiltiii 
wrli*rinlt|)>l muh* toiliufx wIim (H\ivU Uy m Imn, SiM 
^Itikt h /kltf%t^iii'*til lUMil I'lV. U U i^iiiUilll III II 
my |l>li<| Ivvvrv, liw li I'tfiiiriiiUniiil, ihiti ihf I'vniiv li 
«|>)illvj 10 nmntiBM, m>l id nvi limi i ih«i iii< iiLlkviilud 
l< |ii>liiipi1itl I nnd ilirti liv wlia nimiiUlii* i>t ii jirtiUbt)! 



Nil. C'l,Vl, ON RJlAlilNli MBRKIV WITH A 
VIBW -m AMl'ShMttNr. 



!>(• Ii llllOll 



tftiK l|»ii>l niio-ti III (litlf llwl 
ivlii' iiMil 4* ilifv I'liiv »t I'irjti 

IIIUli I'llll till" mux, tvlllt*Hl l4< 
, i«Mb I'liiilirn ,.t rt t.<l«l li)«Ai. 
I ill.' Inu'k. ili>i l»'iiii Oiry |'h|i 



HhI III ilirii jutriiKli', I'Ui't, nrtiii|>lit<l», m** 
ii(i|<>, >kii<l Hli,iit>v(i' ciilBituJiii tfidii ivlilivui r*> 
UuitiHB (iiiv jH'iH ilmi»t> lit' Nitt-niliin. tiiiifliluK ihl 
vliuL'til llivli' lltiirios l<:vi>i> ili»l» <iri> iniiil in 4 4tAtl< 
i»n itiKiiilvi, wlltinul lh« lii|i'ircii'ii(« iif tiill», w llu 
iiimliU Ht hUi'lUm. Iiiili'.>a il.l' HkM r'iMtt ti>i ihfmUl 
|. loKiiirh wfiiii«J. iluiilir ihuilauiiii lil>iNrl<>tUy ill 
ttink »f li imy yii^it aiitl «ii niiMimviii i>i' lunifflH 



Ni«, infl, 



M (» n A t, 



*»I1 



i«<ft»lilit) U 111 fl« ^:U'i| U*|iul1 'it till- tiiii|> Ii-IIpia III iliw 

^■|lil>^tlMg I4|fil»»| ff> •! til|iLI\ llC III!- I|<lil«{1 |i<lll».||i4 Mt 
Ititi i\\U MtV'Mt-ii ill t'ltii Mull I III- lilii' t<l>l|- 'lll>l {:• II 

llli|HtlM4 h l|t< ItM^P IlKlllilljl l-i •!•• I'll! lit |il|lliii- tlit.il 
fllMttti'ttlt-hlj ftiiil lit t\lii<ii. •It.lii'tit; tiiii-il.i llik. ili>-ltiii|: • I 
\U%» li'lit 1a ii lMi(iii»'l>> •■( I lu- ill II i Mi i-iii t •• III •■. ii'itiMii III', 
|lii^ll*t ft*^ •! Mt lltik*' tiKlll o 1. 1 t i ) ttii* llliilt I itit liiM>l^ •>! 
ftlU filUm I iMii iti^M lli»« liiitt- U I) III* liittiiif fit|t»-tl, (i.i 
U }* Il1*'(i| hi ImiiMM' • >• "•lihtl I ('till 'If- lli»- I •iliilin •' 1^ liii It 
i-MMlHiM IllHllttM iwtiiUhiii .Ilk, Hill |<ii£:t- fflii-i', •itnt ii» it ln-i 

Hltll^tl »ttt ill" IiH'iIUM tl|«*, ili'l •••! lliu (iii'll iliit>ili.| 

Itfl^fc^^ Milk, iif tilt, lit I till Iki I t..i lit (ill Mil 1 III' li lilt It tti I till I 

|lt till* 'ltt)lt**f lllfc'ltllllll t tib {!f|ti|i- Mllltl III (iU-.« llxlil 

1114 t ll-lll ^^ lU'll tltu ii|l» I ••(•••ll i' i •Hit iili liil . I>ll-i.>tirt llio 
It'llltlbl [l.llt^ll. I»'II>U li|> I- itii-lftif lii'llltil lilliiK iMllti.' tl 

M<t4lV4 (IttH i'Hlk>i4 Hiiiitt ttit, till. nil iiiiiii.> titlliiii'lii ti( M<«^*.'*<i: 
ft*it*t t^illlMltl 1IM iiitlitiio j:liiil»k' ill Ul )iil|l|it.|d, t' Itii ll 
|l|l|jttf |«ii)l|M|4« llMI »• M'tli'liliu.l t« 1ll| ttilli^ llilil ItU lllitl lllll^ 
|tM<iit>« |»i|llili'it ili'k Ii tilling! Ill ^ ill I flllllillllii 'llkil In lllm 
H |k>t )l.b ItM-idi I I I lUtMl'Mi.' Ilfiillt^ )|l>l»'»'1. iM'tl-ilii)' 

||itk| i|k^|iliil ll'tlf i| iliiti^ii t iill|itii.i* iif tMlii|||i.| I i-liilil^. ^ 
^ltl| li^ ||il t|.ll|i. im i4i|l|||i<iU"i tti'lll I' III It Ilk |i.i|tlill«u il i| 
fM**il V I'M ft 4 «l III I I ^ iliilitili.i III llif fiiltlii<|i'it«lf • •iiifi. i'litiiikl J 

)< lilillt !•*- III! >i llnil (till i>iii'l ••( l> •ii1iii{^: , tlilllllff 

#• II l>>| HI«>V h(|W|| inilllilliU' iill ilililiiiiijt 'MmI II t-fc.|f III 
)lMtl<tt| |4'lltlltli^. Mill I t"ilt tk'Mlttlk* tit \'\\ t *!••** Ilfk-ltll 

HUtt lllt|llHVlll|} |k"lllill{l Itllptll llM flltlll'l^ lllltl (llttllM I'M 

(itiHfilll'i nii»l liiit^i^*! iitiiik* ^titi'ii'iiMiiin t li^ (ttiiiu iliiiK 
htk^iH till liiit K« tif I ti.tiiitMk.| ^ 14 lili It lo ttiiUlit'it fii^ii) lilt 
lillilrtiV If'tttii HiiiiM i^-imUi iiiiiiv 4 itilMi1« mIiIiIi 1» iiiitM 
V«l|ll iltl'l litp^lHi I'tl« li'illv k-Uh'iHi, I'l inlk-lti^ fiinl i^»'ll 
llthlMttt^tl- 1 lt»' liil«>' ll'ktti iiiiiUt llti' Mii^i'tlliiii §■( tltt« 
flfilt mU lli^l \'i \*-\\ i<|ii|iMit\ IjtL'iil lit ikinllii^t ] luit itliy 
rttMilltl ItHi tUu i^MiUnii) lilt, |!iiitl;iti it'illl.d li^ itli'>| III 
ft||ufti|i.||kM til «l t lU llitlill'iliiiii TlMMt M fiiiililll r I t.||i II liii 

Vl^j r 'I'm ft tititw iiiit i^iii'iiiit. tlif iiiulio iif >'i|i<i|« i.||>i.Mi t^ 
MiHtill| l*l\»Uli, t'i-(<>^ , .A.t.lidiii^ itii.l iiftiiv ••( ili^li 
|^|t f i:|«f ttt tlll|Ht^ i'l<i« ttt» tiiti* It iiiKit' |U't|lii|t ilftit till, 
illiili^d'tltl flMil IkiII) |.ii.i1tit )|..iio i<f lilitliiiii Miiu.t.<. 
|yl)i«|fc: |||tll|jwtif \i I iiiii^ ul.> lilt Ml In t-P UI4 (iil1< iiiiii.< <il>iiii» 

iJtHtM)* lit'M) l(tiilltlll \- } H liii Itililv liitt In Hitit II I- Inn U 

IMHttMHIM* <ta tf«n»* •iml hintif 114 \A\s\\ ^\\\\<>^\\\\ \\\v \\%% 



I'MhrlT tm\ttuy«t Vy n rHjilil Ulr. lliiv* m* imi HOxt 
tMv lii(l»rlM, flIfKAiil In llifir Itylc, MliOUItiltnft ivilli 

niMtfc mt'lt tm|ivti*lii|t lo ih» h*«M »iiil uihlvKloiKlkH*, 

*<.a<AU>llAlt'<l intl^lTtflUMl rhfMolM. 1«I « V#ty hl||l< 

I <i Mndoiii HI roAti'ii, WR mull tutifirit ilmi tiuli biwhi 

»rl- t1|>«l)l« ())' fUMIIIhll'ir IHUI* (iImiUm**! »«t'lllJI|rH))'»l 

th* )iii)<rwvaiit*nti Ih4it nnimxiriKio nnij uitDulhvnirrahd 
mioi'vlni*), iiitniuli), iiwvtl), viiyii|iDt, (i*¥«t<, Itviii 
milt H'twntttiiN 

'I'll*'* »ip i)tr>A> who l>«v« r*ftit iiiur* vitUintM th*» ibi 
f>iiih<ttiiil*lt <i'l)itInM In ih* iinilnii, Mho tiri' yit uiU(> 
i)>i«i>iir>ltul)li til* rtt>in>mtvr litriuV) wliti thr RHid In* 
(■'•••iKnil luiU of irud ludmy, with lli« RUtlmt ol |*hilH. 
Ii'pliv, Willi ill* lir4Wllva III llylv, «i»I wlllt lh« r«i>ii) 
Ami liiiv* 1-1 iliN lM<i);tiii|ti'. 'I'hvy h«v* r«iitl iitHii*nii««> 
ly wh«i lni(i*.l w.i ri.i<.rk «,-,((h -Ufhii..>. , ^tvl iLy 
h»vo ImnifitUtfl) fiM, 
H(Vf r»ni«mtirint*> ' 



Tli--l"iimei-> I ■■ , ilip t 0, i<.i.|>ki>« 

Pi ili.lr ^^i^<■. <\u in. I .UL roMMirmnii. waM 

hitvn rnnitil * [inn- nf intluir-ni valur lo rwny ih«w 

lllinln ftwrVfl-S rllln'l nJ t|lltn»llf#. Uul lt'»* llifV h«llf| 

HciliiigK, ln|iiiptl Oii-lrrvri, i'iiliii<[l ttivk lirahli, itngltA* 
v>l tliNi' nA«l>'>, vltimri) iliHi itillr. anil fiiilliliW v'urrtipu 
fit i)i«lr miHMU. firtsprihriifil iliKli<r<lili, wiili im ivmin. 
)>Hi ihn «mull'<iii>ni i<r ihn niMiiii'iii. 'u iK<' i,'<i-i>itiih»r 
tliltf rkn*. lllllorir.l tif^\\M>. i>r lllr Hiiil ItilillDn ., <ii Ml|iui| 
lllirHlmpi, {liv tiihlln t ul }]<" h«n'\ aiitj iii.l llli' llii iiliiii«, 
IVifhiM H.lviiii'c-1 In lil^', ot liitiiiiMlnii uiidtr Ikli* 
firli tni liiHiwiliy. hnvo tin tiiirj>i.'|Hiiii<il>t« rlfht i* 

i4l||i|lt> ihrmtflvii wllll MrllAIPVul- h'AII illlUIVVItlljr Hilt* 

V th'M' iwilt, mill viMlilff ili'm |u i>iiA Aw<y tlM 

Ui:|!'t<l> luitii'iilinilWi'itMiul ii'«iillii<f»'»lilivliiii. U'Mr 
ivriiliiiu, II1>«1IitIfiII«>i, mi)' hp lljini n.iJ i[i<ii« i.UMt4 

liilli'kTcti IkMv (Kilnt*. ih>M m iD'ortl n^lM ftnil lut» 
ftniHirtl itltui'llh(A«ut. Ui.uln u>ih1i, 1ii'«lrl<, nnil vl|<iiir 



Nn. rij;. M O U A I., .• i . ?(;? 

ivlin wniilJ volitntflrilv rrtnim" (]i<'inli:lvr'» lu ilu* wr.ik** 
Tirh Hnd iiilipiiliiy ul w.itri iMiirl r* 

1 1 •<:, iii'lfil, limrntiililp ii» ulil'i'ivr youn;; pTfims ul' 
li-.-rly piirf:, aiitl with n liivr nt rr.irliii)',, drmiiiir. tliofr 
W:H« ;iiul ihiiir aliilitH"), w)ii< li ini}tli( irmlri ilirin v.i 
|u;iMc mrtnlirrsor f(M irtv, to Itiili lliniic^ ,r- (rml onlv l(» 
(IlllipiiU- ilirii iJr.i'--. In viti.itiMiii ii inci.il'. in \\i>ni.itp/f! 
liictr (pirit'i. ;ind to inuifi (in in the <)(ii)iriilv mihI iIimm-. 
nrrtMr roii>. urtliolir Ui whom it w.i.on^r a }fli>uoin (lil< 
tiii^licMi (o brat I he iiniiir ol l!iitiMi<:. 



N<>. CI.VII. ON A MI- TMOn (ir M UIjV, \VI'.I r- 

rxN iiY joACiiiMi's roK rius i'.n:(;i<i.ni lu.ir;. 



•wiiaMA-^lB^^B^a 



THFtRK 11 M liuli' tiratifr on thr mctho<I of (lu'ly 
written by Kin^rlhrr^^iiis whii h, in thr iivo Uiil 
CcnturicR, WAA Hgrrat U\ouriic ;inion;7 iihoUrs, nml (on- 
tributcci much to nninutr ihrir inilul!ty. 'I'h'' hwirnnl 
KrpcniuA Bciicnowlrdj^rs hitnlrif nii|',itia]ly inihhlnl to it 
for all hi!« arquifition^ Ifr nnt with it nt thr;)}rr(i( (iy- 
tcen« Rtiili ill ron(r(|UMu(' of iti (ii}:p,c(lii ns ihon^Ji hr 
WA^ then lotnliy nvrrlr IVoni ii iiinlioiii lilr, Hn'l had 
fnidfl no profKieniy in Irani in|% yri hr HftriwAiiU he- 
crnne a diilin^uilhrd fihoUr. Thr tuMtiir h:nl lirconio 
fcurcp, nnJ Krprniu') ^^riirKMiilv printnl a tirw nliiion, 
that oihfrp niiuht p;4ti.-ikr of thr hrtu fit whiih hr had 
hiinrcirrniovru. Ifr puliliilirtl it with thr titlr of Ai> 
/rr I'ftr i ///*■.'"/♦ nr thr tiuly (iolilrn Tirniilo. 

In the rpilllr In tlw ir.n.l''i whn h l'.rpriii(i« h^o piP- 
fiXi'il, 111' (jtr.tk-. of ihr nrnin.il iii}^ i lirrt cf thr hook in 
trini9 fo U'liin, ;nvl with in iniuh p,t.i(iiuiir, ih:it a 
lludrtil woiiUl hr uniiiititT \., himii If i i<l (>* <m Milv hi« 
^ll^iofit^'| hv nl Ir.id j'iMi?}*. it n p«'i ul tl. It i ^ Mi<m i, iipil 
cnntsiin^ mmy pnll'^'i whiih i- n 1 tn » m- cuiiit^i' thi» 
IVholHl' in hjq piniiMti. or'l in ii.'fin' hni wiih :iii :n 
fionr AtuI nil >iul':)iiii, II <■ ih.tl r .^ ncil in (In- (kIiHim )<v 
ihf* drum iinil tiuinpr't. 'i<i hr i-; m m hiii}; mm in )i, nlc. 
1 believe there ic^iild not 1h tounvl a VkW' v \:^\\v^\^.\^\^^^^ 



W HiiJv (lir ihp lift fif I'Dj-t, t^ ih» Eowl piiff5i||»» sri 
•><'< (li(|;rtliT>l liy itilini (n rliHtulcui. ii nlmxtl rili>it ih* 
wfltxr uniltr iIik t<tip>it«ui.n i\( limuvy. Ilii tll*M<« 
• riitiiil'itlHi hnili'tHMihly (i>iiil|iiMk'<l him, In Ixkttiil lit 
\i.o>,u. kyrxid (llpllmlu<>rM).<v.lUl^^l'ml. 

1 will Mtl\ » r<fw hinit m.m ilw lltll" lin^l, wltl.h 
■t'ny notvniy Trrv* m n curlivu l|ici'lni4'n xni\\t I'.nuHni 
Mutlrr, but iniy mufc litm Iikhi hti InJoI'm*. 1 ht 
wlinl* lt| llul«r<J. tTiiDv vnUalitfl fttt llis ()ililt ami hi| 
mIiI'Ii It cii»>liitf« 10 ri>ili>, lino fur 111 |>aitiniUt ill. 
iv.!lU<. h l> [xilti'i' *<.li.iMiiit.r> ihHii ilMu^'llt:, 

■■ iliKV inciDi," (f>r> he, r|>VitkliiK vf t)\<* TcrtM M 
Vt)>itli <l>iJci>i> ouulii 111 nim, " huw timiil. Iiutv kVjftt. 
•• mul\ li# tlml l|>itU wlilch cmi (ii ilown tomnUM 
" tv'ldi iiictlluaity. At Fiir mvl'df, nil lliit li wltliM 
'" ' ' I lt»il Ktlirr," lin prmr*!!! I« W* 

■ 1i* mill III > tliiiultiiii] (ilrcii, ikn 
lion iif ri><ii'tiii>A ihv (\it>1inii!ll hvlnhll 
■• IK vinu* mi.i nimwlpiln*. t Kin tifonlnloii. ili»i iio> 
" iliinit l< fiiHiJ'ioiiii, nntlilni fb nilmiral>lG in hiimmi 
•■ hIImu., t.lilJ> iiMv m» !..< I'ntilii^.l by ilirln.hiOir ■■( 

•' mi. .«hri,M- ».■ .Iiiivr.l .t,.v rliulll. ' l,rl IKilhIng 

•• Lil.lv ii> U>wn than ilir I't nil nt nil ftollllltr. 

■> 'I'M'I ll>1IM1ill lllr'll," lll|< 1»<. ''l (X)inl uui Ni lit* 



liiKS ItlMllllr 

' ttU* my I- 



» liiii liti^mi mull h* U 
• luxtiiyiiolj.ir-.l. MihIIin 
■ ri>r »\»i witlitiiit ho 

' iliing llkp m»n f" 'I l>r ' 



11 111 I 



t Ulll-llHl 



il. nnA tht p1ttr\irai rf 
.mil to b*fMlnDuilIi«4 
wliliout r«tn*niiifii*iifi 
lii>iil hivtiiK iloiif tnf 
• III il>it i'liii[in-i'|t wiii> 

my riilliiirinfW. 



I KliiHrliui. II null Uv-iiwrn^iilyliiliyrJ in ilif t>D' 

Itmi iiThii iiijtfiilniu mill liiuuiiiinu* boy. wh«l im(iro*i;- 
Dunt In virtuct itntl In nil uipAi) iiuuI1ik>, mlglti Mni t>i 

'• Tlini w« mill) iiKvvr .lrlV»lr," luh* ililo of hli 
llilhl i-lifliiifr, - II ill mil' alrriii \\<<- DikuM (VII hriJ* 
•• IniiMi llinufiinil lliil*'. >vf iiiiilt l<ruln in dimit agtlii 
•• rnii-v lli.li> im.ii' nuUiilly. mi. I t)i (n thf l\imiHlt 
«• iutt> nio'uiiitl vi)iv>Mi I Uk tvtuu>« Up .kji-mj If )i« 



«i 'I' 
• f 



No. i{7« MORA Lt &c. njy 

" is nut riiiifiioua ol miy ^rcat mivaiKrinrfii m t'utl, 
'i'hi; ini*ii:)uni iliiiik« hiinlcll lijiitjiy it', Mfu-i u irii 
>rai« vuya^^r, utur u tliuurjnil iluiiuri», he. at lull 
improvck tii:i Uttiiiiir i hiuI HmH wi*. )ikr|iiMij fjitiinl 
" rrrituriio, ^ivr up till li(i|ir:i uiinr lliriirll oiiidt "^uin/- 
** fitM^ugimffni't'i/ tiuiftiHi uA/i/tuit, W)ui<'vri \Uv iiiiiul 
** liMki'iiiiniii'iiiitr«l Uii'it luiio, ii lukuliuineil i(»|Mii|i(i(r*. 
*' Uichck iiiiitt liuvi- nil iluiiiio, iOHi|tHtrtl lu ilia 
" t luMn« (it Jiic-iaiuiL', I'tivciiy i^ faVDUiiiliic- to 1I10 
** iucLclii III all liir^iiiy ))iiiluit!i. 1 ih(*»in niit u\ tlijdvv 
" i'un(fm|il on UMittrv in y^rmm), tmi nu lliat tyni- 
" hiiant we«lili wlinii allnirb ilio mind hc»ni llmty. 
** iiui your liMicnu," liiyti lir. *' will iitdiri t IiuIl- ih.it 
*' >0U lluailil Uu ^Miihy of |)njiiiy m initJiUt', than nui 
" know hiJW 111 value iniinry. 

** 'lUn lluilrni mull Uv ili'liidUk of |Hitii'i*. Ii I^ :i 
" |iroinifHt}; |>ri'f«i|^i! ol luncli lo Uv MinU-<t Ly iirnili; 
" Mlirn I ne Ihall luivc liuiir urll, iUnl lo In- ^wirird iiinl 
** imiU'il to lii|^lttTaini:i, on limiin^ luini* M I'liinii-il 01 
" outilouK liy iinotlirr. J U* who •iljiiic:} «ii ilir luinnii( 
*' mull tir |iiillioniiiL-ly lonil ol y,\*ny* 

** 'J'liUtt liiiir the 111 It (|iii4li(ii iip ih(lir)irnfulily rL'ijui* 
** fllr in Hyoiiili lU'viili'il in Itmly, 1m rn nM'nii<iiirii. Hct 
" mult Him ill the Ii4'Im-|I iminib, lif nnill luvr Lihoiir, 
** he mull hL'vi I' il«'lj»uii, In- nmll •!• IjmIi litli.-*, In- niult 
'* bvgrrriiy ol niiiilfr, ll irnt.iin-t llml wi |tii K lilir ilin 
'* nidhuilb. '1 lu'tis :or llnn lliirr I'l.iilitii'.iii^ In ihu 
** inuJt'b III' Ihniyi lir.tiiit^', it iultiii}',, ^Miiin/. Ii i.^ a 
** gooij H nil c illy niL'ilitMt lulu-.u, 11 iu ii ln-nn (iml 1- lin 1 
** to trticli, iinil the; Ij<'() aihl (.ififll ol all lo >\iil'', 
*' J.ltMuiCfe iilC (lull i iMiihih- it 1-1 in'iiMi' In I niiliiii- (||i: 
*' Iil)crly of tlioiij'lil (n thr vmir III (111* (1.1 i. I , llu( 
•* Wh«:n ^i* tfrtcli 01 wiil»'» il».- viiy i-Miiik iil'll jmc ■ 
** cluilc-) lilt' I idiuni " 

'i'llOli^h lllt« llV.dll-' lit KinjMJli.'i;'!!!-. i. llnitt, i'-l 

|o makr iin nli'liil .ili it'\i<iiii.ii •! n, wfujii 1 pin : 
inurtf rtioiu ili.iii ilu- Iniui': I ultiill^ imiiiili in 

my UtlK*!*!! villi ulloiV. I nnill I III', III I'Ui- .1 liilli: 
liic'Clnicn of llii: iii.iIiik'i hi ivlmli ii.i niv iii.i< 
cjrdiniiiy vviiu'i' li.i'i iiiiii|<(il>'>l lui iumi- i>-I>';.i.(Ij .1 
trt'Htiltt. llii'ii* all' irii.iiiii,' iii.iii^ t!u.<>'. ill 11 I... I !i 
CKU iCttrculy fdil lo tliiniil>i«' •m ImuuI miifii liiii.L(.l-^ 

i) Ii vvvv\ 



Tift R $ s A r 

lnv«r ol T<i)tty|«t will ftfiJ mtuh, Wit In the motw 
mJ ikt tlv:t m cfHi'ure ««<) ilrMilr. Hitt ntll thif« ti 
Atmrtltliig (M honcA •ii<l fi* wmiii in ihit tvii(c>( ittm a 
]JlM^^n4t■t><^l mint) »nw>H h«lit b(ii\f) vnimaliint ntn 
wiih hii «hitii\liiio, KDil (nvliticil lu utttlouk tlktni 
WAttllt (ht gt««i*r *bu»fl«M<:* oT v«!uJihltf «tlvW. 1 Im • 
l(«tc tho <i.>|')MiiK nm t-tftv linKTt mxl t-AriuIlly N^oot- 
airuil. tioth ic ihr youog iWritt itnil ill* Irnirr til' lic- 
MTj DKixAtiri, t.t deviitr lidlf on kour tu ttit (wrMUl of 
ii, ir i( lltiiu)<l t«ll Into ihvir huiiilt. 

Rt>'|t*ll)tt{lu» w*t H Hiy ii«|riiit>u> nun, nnt oity 
U [Htlii* IpiuiiiDfi «nil in ilt<? rdii>c<-«, lint In ili* hit 
ol mw'hAuiol miitinji, f^^intinf;, nnd onj;t*vln|, ln> 
•luctl ihcli! wttc hit rml [>urrnlii HuJ einiilovnxnit. mil 
tm (llif not AprW hlinrvll lo lf*»ntt)|i Laitn till hU (cv«ti> 
irrnth mu nui r»ch w«> tlir liiti-Ktlfhli |tnii». ihit 
h» ih«n miiOt « tdjiiil inxifiii'inv. M» WD* iTrntlnlv « 

in«n«f(enlui, wiil ili '■ ..m.. .^....^ (,. i,.. u,.. 

Ml|ri }Mit Im WNif I 

vlUfity ih»n iwort ot V 

hi. «i!.-. iir <uiu;>-' . ' ' 

nlmi'll i^p»«i llumc( lii'^.i I". .' "■-. 

Wfll nfrfcit in v«iiniii uirnir>. .unljr 

ut^onthfint bm ht» tim'l* bm-, i i > »»» 

ih«n uUM, \\f W.H.1J luv«- Wrn on Fxccllent writer, 
NX.) I'loloum) |'hil«l><|^tiri', lu>1 h« liveil in hii Rge whrn 
till' lollies Hi iii>ii»i:il allrtiti'Ky wrrt cxi>toileil, itiid hy- 
]>»iliri>« iciUuk'J ti> ilic u<il ut vii'nitntnt. 



Nt>. CLVIII. ON iiiK roiLv or iacki- 

FIV'INll COMFUUT I O TAITB, 



1,';,: 



IlKltK flic r.iuiii homrlv, liut Cwm CM- 

It.ii. oikI «(iiivciiiniii'<. tlir fllikiKc uf whicti 

If^nnce i mi Ilij|iU. Muit, liuwrvcr. ihvf h»l9 

liii>)>ut iMlriMHl I,'[<-mIi>iii, |lir>' hip iiltcn rn^ilfiiwl 

,l.r (;iHi hvNtiuit vC lanii)'. Wc livf tug much In 

thf i 



No. i^R* 



M «> n \ t. AiU 



4q.| 



llt>nit«« IIMf Inilf In Mill |ti\ u I •■nil ii Ml I a, mpl Inn Um'^ 
In iMir nw II !.»•!':( oU-'ii. \V»» (\\v iniMi< rtn\itMix tn n|i 
I'l'M « ill «M in It lr«|'|«v. 

Airniitntu in llit* |iii'|i'iil tinnl'-q nf living, nipt iitf*il4 
nt |MO|iiir*lv« nn iiMiMU'itiiiiM ;i|«|ii iumn i» mult \*<* nl nit 
i'vrnl'. :Hul nt nil imH iin i «, Ih|'j»iiMii|. If <% i» i mi |Mi»- 
l»ive rt utiltiMtiui niiii i<li>li\ v:uni|)i. \\v ilifioviMJ llio 
iiitrtiiM inrMuiiU mi. I iiil'i!:iin '», Mniiy IIi«mv a »lil- 

iHfiititfll ill n«i\ p:iU n( |lt»>ii ininliK^t. lilitil n In llwil 
v\ ijii* liiliijiniin, wlin Ii'hI i iiImm ^nuiilinMl :t jIhiI. 
Ittnti ullhniM nillli''4 : inllu'l Onvi* :i<: :\ rninn. linn 
rnjtiv nflliiriit e iinil inilrpi iiilriii o n^ ^it Ihmp iI nn i 
(timl. Mill iiJiili/'Mln U"i*. 'iml ih- iliiliitihnn* nt 
• illiinn'«M«' lifi*. ^viili m i-ln'iuv l«« ii\iM«Mnii| ninl 
inilipli'lt*. iIkii |I|i>v It 'Mil III iniitil:p ii l<it tli>*ii iliiiy 
tnW{tlil<: ( jnil. I'm. Ill i<ii ill* u iM lU nl ilii< ^ ' iifi liiliit, 
•' tin llii'\ nn| ippo:ir 1" l»'li'\*»iu iln-in. Ml (i- II iliMM, 
*' In Itn r thi HI v.iili ill ilnii lti> iM ^ ^iilt mI| flt"i|- 
'* IlliltiU, ^\il|| ;|II till ii Iniil-. AMil Willi ill iIp ii 
•' lllrpi'lli, In \\ Ml llii|« ilii'Hi, in rixr I lt>-|i) | ti nil- a, in 
" |Mil llf'ii ulii-lf unit III iliiiii. In i!il| ii|'iiii (lirin, 
*' In jinn Mill- I li> j I n itii* i -niil 1 1«' ii >i m tl :, 'piii In |i-l Vi* 
" ilii'in iMilv nil iN" •! I-. t nl tin n li»:"' \« iln v 
wni lliip I till* jMiil :. ilnii l>li lliiu": mh hI iIii- I. mmI u Iim Ii 
I »M IrlpniiiU u iili llii' 11 iliiii I'l ill- II tiiiHiJ rlirvfltf 

Till llindiMX v :nii| iiiiIhI'IIiiiii.iI : iliiiiiw. l»iil»M»'o, nnij 
lliPti'iMit W li|i li ihtltif !•■ (iiif jluii I \ • >4, :|iiil iilti>ll Ipiii) 
llti ni 111 I* |ili<i 'M . 

]| ii li mIU l:t|ii> III |I<1-* In !•• iicM l:Miiilir< mI ;l I t>in 
iMMiMit |n|iii|M\ MMij !• I|>i I'i ilili- I nil- , «< Itn ( \^ liili> ilii^y 

• Uny till IM|i Ii • : I\iM| ll" l Klllltion I'l' llilli t III 't pliMI 

I iln) l:iM''. w li|l»» I III i I I ill lirii I- I li.- I .n I- ii| i mIiI 'iinl 
fMiniiit', \\ liil>- lli*ii iM i.- lilii>iii , i'tiiiii||]. 'iiiil lii'iiiU 
lijt V nii'l ill Ij'll- . :n 1 1|> \ |':H -. I Ik i i'IH i> 'I 1 1 ' l-i rmil lilt 
linlpMll'li' iliMii ) |iiii|il>> ii>>i Im I<- |>I(<I>|I>Iv I- '• !•• iiJiM* 
ill ill^l'-', fill "»|i nil'. l«>liMni:*, i-i|iM|iii!i', -H I'liltjii i i) 
tPI I liiuiiiliU, ill iMiiilimii In |jii!i. I iin I •! iil :• •<, |i| 
III i^! Ill til |iiilti>ni !'•> (■ "il lti>- i i<lii.'ii'tli|i> ivli'iVM 

liiim I', lluv i<<li tlniiili>l\i 1 ij iiiilnlitf iH • : w Ml II |lii>y 
I l|nvv In Im' IM'M •■ 1 1 111 \ I H 1 .1 )• r>i ', ; i-ii \\ liit II |i| I III in 

frUllM«'lli Ih'iii I In- miiiMi'Jn :»(»» inlil\» \i\ \\v>\\\\\\v Vww 

II I » \\\» \ 



mer rxenrtinnt, without compUinlug or dulnrri, h- 
tip[UP, ennui, nnd JDlipidity t Thry have (hewn itttBl* 
felves lb«y have li-«ii many fine uorlnDi, anil QianjrliH 
ihlnjt, but liHva ilipy felt th? ilfli(.inu!i pleafum of io- 
meHic pence, the tMtnnuit dtUghti of foci*! InteKouffe 
U their own town* an^ vilUgr*. ihe roUd fnli»fiift)ont ' 
oTti cool colleJteil minJ. ih< cumfart) arifing rn>m a i'tC- 
vmbarrancd ft«to ofSiiancci, and the love tiiUrcriwAof 
R neighbourhood f 

To run tn debt, anil be ini'olvnl tii dkng«rof ftrrcAi 
«n<l Imprilbnmenti iire, in thit age, nliiioti the Dh}e{bi-f 
faDiionitbti ambition. To have an rxecution in the 
itniife, i) to be in the (nnie predicamrni tvith thi> Kt- 
ronel nnd the other lord, or with hir Brace the dtike< 
The povr imitator nf (plcndid mlftry, little preswefi, 
cnLJ tilled inrikiny, rif>i»rs hit Hlieriy and lall Inilllng 10 
become a nun of tnlle and faHiion.' Ho bnalti tbai lie 
ii a Huppy mm, for he it n man ol^ nlrarurvi he 
know* how to enjoy litV; h« pralltiru the tmpoirUini 
ftieoce tolltd the Jfawfr Ft ~' 

ili>fti<ui wliii-h, in thr tiiili-)' 
(['ul. li.: <<i[><'uli'J'!< n> lt>> Iniio' ol h^ppiiirU .ttitl h.< 
noiir. All^jw him hi* cliim to i.tftr. p\e him the title 
of a man pf pleal\irc< nnd lincc hv inlilt upon it, Krani 
him liik pre 1 1' nl id 111 to Sfjvtir I'lit^, Hal at the fame 
time tie cnnnot deny that he is hniiniatl by hii credilort. 
liiAi he it obliged to hide hiiiilVli; lelt he (hottid Inft 
hi» iibrriv j tluii he it eating the bre.id ami th« wcai. 
and ivrniing ili.' cloihrs ot tholt> whofe childran an 
Crying for a morlvl, and lliivcring; in ragi. If he Ka> 
I'lMiiElit hltnlWl" to ruth a lUte at to fcrl no anearineftt 
whrn he reflri^i^ on \m enibarrallinrnti and it* conft- 
qufnceii to oihcri 1 he is n bnl'e, wortHlpiV, and ttqte> 
nerntewreiEh. Hut if he i* ut^eafy, where i* hta hap* 
pineft? where hi) rxalled enjovmeiitKf how much hap- 
pin- had been thii b^iilt^r uf happinel*. had he litM 
within the limit* of trnron, duty, and hi) fartuntt in 
love and unity with hit own rvgular himtljr, it hh 
own Gte-fide, behwej, tturted, reipei'ted in the nei|tll- 
bdilthood, af>»id of no creditor or prLleouiion, nor "rf 
rile, but of doing wiimg t He inijhr ^ta j 
VC made a tij^urc ut\ tlir luttt he might nut 



any thin 
Kiderd h 



Nn. i^V. M () R A f., i^i*. jnr 

linvr liflil (1i(* linnour r»f Ifinlini; li^r* fiilliitin ) l>u( h<* 
would |Hiitfiitily hfivn luul hmUli, wimIiIi, l.iim*, aii>I 

{iefitc*f Mitny ii tiiAn hIio ii Irtilniii (r<Mi. nn«l iirvrr 
imhl of| rnjnyi, in lltr iilrnir ^iml Irmtiiy nl i\ yiivnw 
lifrt nil wliiih llii« (iihlnnrtiv iinii' I'ln Mllonl to Iwrrlnt 
ilic ciipi iinil 10 Itjjhirn the Iniitlirn. 

In t)nn)*« o( nn inlriioi- nrtliiii*, iinij ('tuh tk^ ntr not 
inuurttiiih ly (onnKlml with niciiil mnilii^), thr (.mn* 
inrdilrt^lidit fni rstnnnl (i|t)iPrtiftiM r. ^iml thr (iiinr \\r 
)>lriM ol loiiii rontloit, wh'n iilmrd in KMnjtrtitiim uith 
ihf^ililplfty <il nnnllr^h'il tnllr, nir* (imiiuI tn piiMnil. Out 
houf'r* nii'iitirn if ndfinl miUIi hn.ill, iintl intiMivrnirnt, 
for ihp (.ilcp of |iri*(r!vin}( n if'^Mihiiity o( rHlnnal 
fiutlic*! en ot ro|i>in^ ihi* nn hiiri'lnip of n wniinri 
vlimiili*! IMn- Miiiin};r<t nii* lOinlp ilrtn)',rtniiii or ituinn- 
nuultottn, loi iIm* ((ikr of iitttitt'lin)]; thf* }in(I'rn|frM rvc. 
Ity lonii?lhlnf> tit'w vr (in^ulm m ihrii Ihnjir, (ltrn)>,ih, 
or Irtbrivt nm dirli \n fiilliionrd in unruly linnts innl 
with troulilrloiur lu|irtllnitii'ii or uiM-nmlottitltlr ilo- 
l'i*i^lii« jiii) M« thr Piotrnv, KnOiioii, \\\\\v^ out thr \n 
piUiouii rtlii'lvnrtt vniifllilr tnilr. \Vr rvrn ritt niul 
lirink, liT iiiul hr.ir, not :U'iottlin}> tu onr own nppr 
litfn ftnil Ivnli"*, liut hi thr pirvnlrm itillr h;tpprni to 
ilirriM. In ihii irtinfil fi^*r wr nir nil prifon^ ol litflr, 
liotn (hr hitii iltrlirr hhi! niillrnri, \n thr ilnkr lonl 
iluthrln. 'I hr ipnllinn \n ni>i whnt ii li^tht, ptni'rnt. 

{ijriihngi ioinl(M(.iiilr\ luir whnt i« tho inlir. Ilmin 
H'Uj»ntly Hnriv, mul huiHy l"')'j«nty. 

I hr lAtiiliu' ol mnifnit tn titllr \^ vifihir in inii nin- 
<1rrn gnrilrni. 1 irjoitr in ihi* rsplnlmn of thr Pniih 
mnnnrr. I rxpatintr with i.tptniiil i-m* nnd iniiipjna- 
tion ovrr thr noMr hcnri nnitril hy n Krni iind ii 
Hiowii. Hut nt thr (fUnr tiinr 1 Innirni rhnt oni mM 
vtiiUiHr oftrn irntirm thr fuhlinir imhI nifi^Miilornf tnlli^ 
in ^itulriiin^i intnnipfilil>tr with ntnihtti Wintn, n^ 
thr port U^s tdim linjHi^ in thr Up nl May. Ilnw 
plmlinK to ili-ptnit ol thr honfr, (inil hitfk nitiiri* t\ lunny 
waII tovrivil with Idoont, to^xniih thr r\pnnlion ol n 
rolr-lniil, nnd to In* rvrn ihi* hnnildr pr.i mnl Itr.-iu 
llooiinp, tip with nil thr vijmmii nl vniiitj intiliiv. tint 
now the inniiiMUi honfr* ||:Mitl'4 iiaKnl niol Imliiin. \ nu 
ftlrlirtul Itoin (he lltj;ht of il«'pi, Vww ^\« \v\\\\\v\\V^ 



SAYS, 

Ae ru^cft bre&th ol' liturui Xai Onmt*. No urn, no 
wallii tioout'liuurei, ev«n tlic buhcn uii) oirwo (uti. 
irrruieou*. Not ■ cu>nir tn frok ihn gciiUI w.triuEli 
ul' a meridi n tun. I-'tnc {-lurjicM* imWd n 



BtK yot) cmiuot Hay tn luuk ai tlirm. Vou Hv la 
your chimney vorixr, l)api>y if ihe iirrrcciiiinD tiUil 
porriHi you not to your lull teccfi. Wc allow all ihrii 



tKde can cltiim. Wo nJiuiK nnil love tici- tK^vtiett 
but tiMy aroileafly bought at iho rxpcnceot'camfort. 

A little kiid enclofeii xarttrn lulU* civatly to the nal 
enjoyinvnt of a tumI ntrr;i(, Thoujin uile hat ibtown 
down llw wall), anj Iniii utI opvo ; 1 vciiCun to fr«. 
tlitl that tkcrore ilielapfe of hfllla ceniury. gooO ttnta 
anil ikp lovfl of cunil'iirt will rvbuiM ilicm. 'Vli* 
groutidi beyond may llill itv hid out In the gramlrU 
nnd luoA brauiiful itylc; but let th« houfc lUml in iho 
miilllgf a litllovullivated fpot, whriiierirry vcgtubftf 
bcAUty and delicacy nmy be dilpl^yctl, and whoi-c the 
Hmurt of oni indMBrnE climo may be faAcntrO with 
4)i(«M easluCuni. Tlie conimll bccwocn ihit. whuh 
. I wnqld k'nll the ilumeltic, and ihe tithrr whiirh raighi 

(iiHi' .III I'H'ivt bv no mr.iiit uiiplc.i(iii){. 'I'lii-'y who 
hivvc iiu t.iilc t'.ir'llowcis, and ilic thoufuiid bcuutlc. ul' 
nil iiulul'iMl );iiii,Ieii, an but proirndcri to uny kind uf 
tall,- in llii; (-rafo .jI lioi-tiviillurc. 

iiulcoil, Inch it tlio nuciiro til man, tve ci^mmnnly 
ail\,uu-e iini'invfiiiriit to tlin vi'i-j;i: ot ilii|ii'0)triply. Wc 
iu>w lo.ilh iW' ia.M .>t ^i jlr,ii^>)it lino, unJ a rcftular row 
(il iiefi. tlui h'l >i . >i('i, ill dK' iirulr .>t our henrts, ilut- 
tr innlVlvcs n'.li ilie iiiieniiii; icctiiiide of our lalta. 
M.iiiy !>>' ilie iiiicii'iiis who |>i>ill[I^<.l liio brll [ailc, nut 
oiitv in poetry uiul cl>>.|iii-ni:i:-, but in iirit, in jiaiiuinj, 
(LMii'tuie, nr<liiti.\-iuiT, wen- i;roMt ndmirci'i ot" ^tlaiiiA- 
lidiM p^rli'dly ri');ul:ir, and i.iid out in quinciinxei. 
Itowrvor i^ilv^iJ Ulliioti in.iy .liCti"^ uiid decluim, 
llic world ivill not, >Kv:ivi to^Iivvc ili.it UoniGr, Virgil, 
C-t«in(<;ii;cio, liiiaio. ii'nJ'IViiiplc. wfre totally if-" 
tJtcef) ill ihrir iiieus •>! luriiiiiluii.il hiiuuty. 

L'iL-cio iiit'.)riiis 111. in n line t|uutiitioti from Xen»- 
phoii's uicoiioinii,''. tli.it wlicii L.ylJiiidt-r cnmo to Cy- 
rui, a priiKC equally dill'iiiguiilicd lot tiii ^loriou) cm- 



No, ISO* MORA L, f^c. 303 

|iiie and llii ['/'iiiii:i, C.'yiuti ilir\vt«i him ;i).I.*ii; nl ^•liiiiitil 

HvniJ ^MiJujiJ UiiJ ivMfih/fh fi»i**nJ. Atiiu ilu* viltitir Jiail 
iiJiniii^il (lli: I alt ami liiaij'Ju liLa, .Hdt llu: iiivvi ic^*,iiLi|'- 
\y lijriiit'il ill ii i}iiiiiriiiiv, 1)1111 ilti-[^iui(nil 4 Uai nt wi^cili, 
aiul well ('uliii'ai(.il, aiiil ilie Ivvcciiii l;i dl' ilu*. oiliiuiit 

Wllit'h iSxhitii't.! lluin llli: llt»i\i-i:i, Uc (imM lUil lirlji I'K- 

pri'fling \\'u iulntii.tiicii iini uiily ul \Uc liilijiriiic:, Imi ilut 
ikill uf him by wIuhii ull ihib wnu uitr.iluiLil aiul iiiitiLL-il 
out i uuon wliii'h L'yiUb aiii\\L-iLil, ** h wab inyii-lt wliii 
** Mt^njititf J wiry ihiiij;, the i\.Wi ui irt'ta aic ut iiiy ilil- 
** poilny^i the |il.iii ib mine, ami iiiuiiy (it ihe lit't'b vviii? 
*' nlaiued wilh lU) itwii hinul." An illolliimib |iaiti-iii, 
winch J hope our lutgliih uulilcmeu uutl ('.iuilrinisu will 
no be uh'iiiil to till low. Why alvvayb i:iii|ilt)y a prol'tll- 
til pluu-uiuker r Why luiTiliLe tin 11 own .luiufumont ami 
iui'Iiiutioii to the will of unoihir, uiul lo ihe impciiuui* 
rdida ufcapucio'.u ialhiun. 



Nu. CLIX. ON TilH LXAMl'l.l': W llhNUy 
THIi HITII, ANIi Tllli HAD tUhl'TS OK AN 
Ol'lNfON, THAT A I'RoKl. lO A I'h VOll I'll lH 
l.lKtl.V TO TliKMlNATli IN A WlhU MAN- 
HOOD. 



TIIKUK are ihofu who ionfider early prDtliurfc/ 
Ub u maiL ol thai ijiiilt. whiJi IrUlum tuiU to 
pioduccj ill the rublLi|uiiil peiiotlb ol litL-, a wile ami ii 
viiluuu:i ih.uaitLi. The cxiimjilu oi lleury the hith 
ib often iiiL-il in loiiliimaiioii ol iheir opiuiou. iShake- 
l|ieai'e hab iiujeed leprereiileil his nroib iind letorniaiioii 
in To amiable a light, that many aie not ililpleaU'il 
when they lee a yuuiij* man bi'giiinin^^ liib iaieui* in lini: 
RHil debaurhny. While tlieie ib an appraiame at |pi- 
lit. they U'gaid not the viie. 

'J*ho CAanijile ol' lleniy the lilih hab been ap)»lii(l 
jiuriirulatly lo heii) apjiahhi ol a iinwn. H ihr tn^ 
lurc kiit^ in found lu be eatly inilialid in ih ^ i xvilU-.. ^A' 



Wm B 8 s A y s. 

feiifoiKi)', ii Im fit»oiir«l'le prcfflgp, unJ wt nrertftmi 
Xn llir Eirainpir al falltulf *« llol. If hr dcvnc hli limt 
to ilrintdng, am] be uCbmll^r -InvKlvrd In cuoilnuil in. 
iriNicaiicin. il 1) all iiif Imiier, fur ilu wi not ri!cnll«ti 
ll«l't t!>[[i['>it> flt tli'lUiRr'RlIviiil i» nnlklirapr Dami 
Qiiltkly. I>»il ']'c«r(ht«r,' nre illirllMuui inlUneti la 
prove whnt coni)»:iny a prince lliuuld kre^ in atiin ta 

inirinfivrnnc'' Bnd vicr, ami In iliriumpiiriyof iyto;>liifl(i 

■nd kiiJivrK, ilui lioi*, «c<'nidin|| to the vulgar plirirei lU 
I'nw hli ivild t<at<, I'l (ftni ilir eKuLifmiKre of hi> Ipirtti 
lu f'iilidu« ilifl rtiiilliu'iii uf hi* liloud, mid tu avijulll*' 
vuliinlite r|ir(let urnifti'nl »xpp|'irni*> 

it i. troc, inaeeJ, ilut 1 tenrv the Fifth i< n rcttimkalllt 
Iiil!;ince <il' enrly pruiliftncy Ntid Cubrcqucnt rrrDrnuitaAi 
Hr It a rviniii'kiblei becuufe he it Hfuro inllnnce. )fw 
cine who rutccrdi ni he diii. t ihournnil brroinr lititt 
ini^umbleiteliBuchrMi, iltunkerd), rimI rnguei, ruin iMr 
dinriitter and forliinM, »r lile under the npcraiion of 
To rough en fxpcrlineni. We liear mil of lliiile who are 
obliged to KO to tti* G«n tndlei. in hide ihvnilVlin iin lh« 
0»iii<H',ii. H> Ikiilk in llir ;;nrr<'|j. ..| Min.l M.;, >,• 
rr.n„,| ,|,ni ,1,^., i„ ,,„.,1„. ,,r H,r c«i-lv innlcd H. lti« 

.) li v.u^l, iuiimHI il.c ihntik,nmlirj„Uliig..>f iheii 

triei!il( Rir To hdpi'y n dpIivctHnce from fliame and ruiH. 
Hut it'oiic wild y nil til lircomcB but n tolerably good miiii 
we are llrurk wiili the tnciHniorph<ili>i, ni we are with 
every thing nncommon. We eXH^gcrate his goodnel^t 
by comparing It with his previous depravity. We die 
the cuamplc, as a cnnfolattiry lopu', wherever wc be- 
hold a vDunft man, as ilic ftriiiturc bcautiFully ex^rrfTei 
it, walking in the ways of his own heart, Nitit in the 
fight of hli own eyes. Wc talk na if we atmoft congra- 
tulated a parent, when lii» Ton has fpirii enougli to vio* 
late, nnt on\y the rules of decency, but alio the molt fa^ 
creH laws of niowliiy and rcligiim. 

Such' fatal ideas have lirnkon the heart of tfiany avii^ 
tuoita and feeling father. 'I'hey have brought hit hairt, 
beliire ihey were grey, lo the grave, I have been much 

f'lr^afe I wiih a pallAge in the leriiinni ol the late worthy 
>r. Ogdcn, ill which he rpcoininrnds regularity ind 
Wfluc 10 young men fyldy for the fake of ihair pa* 



• f 
«• 

(i 
«• 
«« 

• I 

1 1 

• t 



No. 159. ^f O R \ L, Xr, ./.!; 

rtuiH. *• Srop, vrtiinir man," I'lyi hi*, •* ll'ip :i linlr f<i 
'* look cnw.'M'iii ilty poor piti'iiti. TliiiiU it not iui> 
* nuiih to hrllow :i iiionit'iii'-. ir-lti'i'tinii mi iholr u hi> 
*' ncrvcr forj»rr tlin*. Rrtnllrit wh.il tli'-y li;tvi? ilniii* 
*' fur ilirr. )\cniiMiil IT .ill iilt iiidivd tlton iiiiil 
" iiol ; alas! ill h.iil hrrii iliy lot, luiil tiol ilifir caie 
bf^un, briorc tlidu loiililll iriiit-mlnr or know an/ 
chint;. 

Now fo prouJ, ffir wlllrti, InrxoMihli*, tlirn 
coiildll thou only uik by w:iilin;s and move* ilirni 
with thy tearN. Ami tltr-y wric niovrd. 'Micir 
hearts were tonrlird with ihy diilrrii ; tliry rrlirvni 
4nd wati'hcil thy wanM brloit* thou kiirwrll thine 
own nrcrilitiri, or thrir kindnrti. 'I hey doaihril 
" ihre I thou kncwrll not thai thou wall naki'd : thou 
'* afkcJft not fur bread; but ihry frd thrt*. And 
" tfvfr lince— lor ihr pnriiinlaia air too many to be 
'* recounted, and too many Curc-jy to be all utterly (or* 
" p,t)tten. it has bten the wry prin' ipul rmiravour, 
" rmploynirnt, ami (tuily of thrir livc-i to do frrviio 
" unto thee. If by all thcfr cndi-avonm they lan ob- 
*' tain their child'o i-omfoit, they arrive at the full ac- 
" compliflnnent ol' their wiih^K. They have no hi^'Jier 
" objed of their ambition. lie thou but huppy, and 
•' they are fo. 

•• And now tell me, i.t not fomething to be done, t 
" do not now fay for thy (elf, but for them ? H it bo 
** too much to defire of ihce to be good, and wile, and 
•■ virtuoiii, and hapny fbr thy own fake; yet be happy 
" for theirs. ThinK that a I'ober, upri^'Jit, and, let 
'* me add, relictions life, brfidei the bleilin{rs it will 
** brin^ upon thy own head, will be a fountain of un- 
" fei|;nrd ((>in>(;rL to thy dc( lininj^ parents, and iniikd 
*• the heart (f the ap;ed <inj» for joy. 

•• What (hall we fay ? which of thrfe is happier ? thft 
** fon that maLeili a glad father? or the lather, blrilrd 
** wLih (utli a ion ? 

•' Koriunati' young man ! who hafi an heHri open fo 
** eaily lo viiluou:. cl('li(>lits, and cmmII iiml thy own 
*' li:ip|Mn('fi in rrluiiiin^^ iliy f illuiVi blciiing up(<n hii 
'< own head I 



N>.I|P 



' Anil hnppv fmlifr! wMt yvnn Iiav* bt«n pro 
Icnjicil, ntn, M it oCtun hHBputis in Ire tiii ccinuiri 
lalll'juni him iinpnrivrMiiiKlici, iind tii ticvniilv aiDn^v 






' Hi: 



iI»Uli)v, RllV^tioH, on>l IVlliliynniii tirir (hjlil. 



" iiMrt. 'I'tis liifiriniriB4 nf hit us* lit lif liton-liiMi 

" lJ*l«al( nnt tlir imtiblnuf lil'e: lie rmilviiil tItftAP' 

" ptukchofiluHtlii r(-0> hiiiif«1fniinivii>Kitnillti>iMl«r«il 

*' in t))« nifinory anit t)i« p»rli>rl nf liU (lin, hii mtytt 

" ildiiw r»ll'i »iiJ p>illni >l0'Wii 111 tho r^-i«piMvie ol all 

■' tbtt tlv'mjt, iit ilie iMllntfln oCenitwin uitil Jiiy. 

•• tinw iinllka iv tl>i.t i^ il<e imtJillon J htm, whfl 

*' lii> l]i« ktflijlion la U ilir Citlirr iif « Wli kcJ aff- 

*< <~|(Hii|t t iwor, uiilunny oMn I No rurmw it lUi* 

•• unio tliy furruw. Hilcif^* niul tlr.ilh Are t>Ullifl|i, 

" il' eun)|Mr«il with tK« AnHuiiH nC <liy htnrt, »lioit 

'* ikou r«(lt tKy ilmr chil^lrrn run WUIaiMx itti^ ItMil* 

" luh|t in ilif way* of lln, fnrutilul ot i>»'iT |>af(nri 

•• liorn, or huJ lirrn cut > <t' beUnx 1..' w<> h lallicr f 
•> No rrl1<;fti<iii i^ ublc i.> i^H'or.l hln< uinK.Uilnn. lis 
W^ uM lirliliirM una il>f iiNlu-lloiii ut' »«« iro 
ibk<l oil hii lu'iul. In viiiu aro inlUiiini^xt* of 
iili-ulurc bn>ii)tlii lorili. Ui^ fuul rriiiki comfort< 
Uvtry I'lrflini; til lil'i? i-. I'll i>ihiii liim. No l'>icr>n 
u M.f ID give liiiii j<7. Hi" iiiiiiiiphi nie l>ke thai 
iil'Oaviil: wliile lir IiicikU. rnpt.iini, luldivm, w«r« 
rtmliitg ilia Hirsvii 
■luertir, wrni ii|>, 

11, my rim Al)!*! 
w»iiia 10 (joU 1 IiulI (1 
I. .11, my Ion !" 
J liHvc jiiiMilucril iliii piU'ii^r, Willi R hnpe ilint ny 

d ilimii;lntrr» yomif; \un\ y he prupnly nlhAoi 

it i und ilioiigli ilu-y llmulU liuvp mi n-j-iiui lor thitm< 
\C3, tlui tlii,7 IliDuU be Icil tu liuvc pity qii thtir 



"s: 



111 


..l.olvirto 


y— lie, piHir con- 


» 


I i« wiiiioi 


, lu ihci rh.'iinhrr 


p' 


»nJ >i> li<- 


vrn(,iii>i>l>ernlil| 




my Ion, 


W luH Alil'iilnm i 


(1 


oU tor ilii'o 


U Ablalmn. my 



No. |r,i^, M <) U A I., Ar. {n/ 

pniir p:iirnl . Mini ((I ( liiilr (Iw lit^Iil wnv, ll>;il iIm v iim/ 
tiii| tnnli' nlliiilinii in liiiii wliniilun li.i-. il.itulli il tlinii 
in lin III 111'-, imt til lii'i iit wlmlr litr.Hl ilwv ImiiP iii tlut 
Iwrct nml inni'irnt pniml nl iluii iiiI.iih y. li i'mii- 
<l(*r<l n nirlitni Itoly iniilulriMiii'ii tlt.-il (liiMirn, wlui 
ll.ivr* l)t*( n tlir ili-li)',lil III (lirii {i.tiriit-i iliiliii)', lliri'.U 
lin :i^r<i, ti-t liMMiri tiiiivriil in;iMiiiiv, lli.ni ili<)' nllrit 
|>iiivr II irniMiM* mnl ii uiili'. '1 In y itiiiiv llmlr uiil nl 
(lio WMiJii, wlui lii()ii;*.ltt lIu'iM inln ii. '1 liry nnliiilri 
llir* iiUI ii^M« nl tlmlt* wliti tirvnidi ilir Inallli iiikI 
ltit'i)|;tll nl in.-ililiiMul III lliril wrll.iir :iiiil Iii)i|hi||. S.uI 
irditit ! In |iliiiil tin' pilluw nl in liiinijt nyv v. iili tlnmi'.' 
» () hiivr |niy. Ii.ivi- piiy mi )niit hitlni lirlmM liiiii 
with tnttriiii^* Hop iijipinai liiii;i yiui ! Willi lii|i|ili.-iiil 
liiiinU fiinl Ir.ii-. in lin. ryv*^ lir lir);'. viiii--lii iln w li.it f 
lo In* p,n«ul nml liappy. ()lp;iti* liiiii, wipr .i\\jiylii<« 
tnirq I itiiikr Inin Inippy, lir In yiMii (cli. Inwhrii it 
lliiill lir yuiit tnin lo Uv h Lillin, itniy )iiii in'vri fret ilic 
|fiiiig« ynn liaxr nliriiily inlii/lcd I 

'riicir Hir painil'), iinlrcil, wlio liiiii In Inivr little 
rontrin tnit lor tin* pninii.iiy inirn II n wmlilly inU 
Vitiiirnirnt nl tlirii tliiMirn. Wliitr thru i liiMirh r.v- 
Crl ill ilirh, inlilirli, liniiil.itinn, nml iliiiiniuliitinn, 
tliry ittr iiljnwnl It) lir im ilrlmin linl Mini ininiotul im 
thry plrair. Wliiln tliry pnllili ii pom, tncAii, Aiid 
c'(i|itrinptii>lr kiinl of wihlmn, imntnmily inllnl thi* 
ktin\vlr(l|ir nl llir wniM, tln-ii puirnt^ nir prilriily 
rulv ( tlimipji ihry Ihniilil lir iininiipnltv fiiiitlv of rvny 
Inifr nitilnr, iinii pliinpiil in ilir j'liijli-il ami nmlt 
liiilrtwrni Iprriro nl (riilii.ilii v. 'I'lnil pimi man, Iiinil 
( In llrilii 111, Wi)': urn* nl tlinli* p.m nii v\ Im air ira'lv to 
lai 1 1 In (* llii'ii ( liijilii n' I Inmciii , i mi lu nn i , .unl lull a 
luni, Im llir i:\lv nl };;Miiiii|> a tiitli nl iln liitir Ini 
inmi I ami m In ^ I'l a wiuM, v li ■ •- imi i vi-ii titr 
lit)ilil'lt ItnuMiin nl tin* mnl) aluMi'Lnil liilii'. .m intn. 
|t.MMMr to llic pnllrilinii i| an liiiK (I III III. 'rii.ll 
Wti'lilli'tl I. Mill (i inii ti) li.ii I I nil II. Mill il vi-iv lilllr 
iniillia! lilt' I't mil foi lim IpmiMii'. hII-jm mi)>. III. p.iin 
mil attniiii n wai all avainr ml .imiMtntii. llrwmiM 
piiil)»ilily I'.ivi- In IM) ilrli^'liiiil il lii'i li'ii li.iil Ihm'Ii .11 
Ml! iMily an,n a ii ipail<.'ilitr Ji Iimim In r. llrumiM liavr 
llinii^;lil tlir Ipiiiiwliuli viu* (lii^'l;\\« \l« a UwvyN^NW 



(iodic (if fiiiura f mtnr'nc*. fiuvliltnr* i]> fcHinl M« I'm- 
(inrpt <in>l l^rniittpd lill Irilrn in \it rxMhUtii ni t 
I'H*hromwini>Tiuniri>iprMkkv<)i>«IKv.i'iltv. ntii1 woilJIy 
•flMnm. (ucli wIMom l» inJrvd ufuolly li'llj', pcni 
wh*n ill fff'tlt nnil rfin(i«.]iic-iic») «rii cuiifliifa lo tli« 
|irtlrni ji riiiil ul'cirillfnrv. 

Kytry rntliir lli«n, nii>1 i*vt!ry nitilli*r wlitt drrffvf llu| 
ii)n[)<r AiiJ v«nfrallffn|tpvlliiilt(ii, will llirniiuulyviiJH* 
veuf, Vp'hiHtVM hii*e lifpn ihclr own pitoh miii vltM. U 
»rf frrvB ihnfr wlioin (hey tinVf IiiUmlini'J Imo n troubll* 
nimriVOllii(nimihffo<llVnhr(('..Mi n^l |"<llullr»tiof*[tl. 

ll liiry Kiiviinv rrnai'l !■>' iii' i'>i'. n, ''i tItrircDUtt* 

try, roflliPmrelvri, thpv l^Jll i.(. . im I'mlvible nlinni tV 

rvfuif iliuiilioK HfiK'i-n ^ 'i '' "'t i'i'<ilii'.iii.'y. Scllllti 

nioilvi'i vden wcvftll »lirn nl) inlii-n hif iDcmriitlauf. 
I M'(ie«t thMi, ifiil, tor their own Inittt. ihry iituti jiiunt 
l^al^ uirijirjnji fVoin Hot, InlfmfriHnir. ftnil |)riMlie*l>irt 
Iftlir/aprniifSDiilrd tiv thofnamplrorHciii-y ihr rifln, 
or nny «iili*r rtltirmiH ralip, (d m »ti cnrnurine ihrlt 
diililrtn iu evil, at tvtit tn b« nnxtl|rtnt iif tKrm, ih^ 
will |>tr.UI'Ix H-iitnl III the lUy onim "h*. nnti fiml pn» 

vnlv. llviiiK- niul HiiEiiHli. li.|n-i,..M,nl lo tLr .vi-i,;lu i.f 



No. CLX. A OI>OD trEART NBCESSAIU' TO 
ENJOY TUB BISAUTIKS OV NATVIRB. 



B 



r a Jurt ilirpPLirmlcii tif I'mi Mmc-p, It hflpppdi thit 

titry who arc unirnlbiinbly IVllilh, IVMnm rtijtiy A 

mtiil) hA|ifinp|g nj (he gctirinii>i Hnd fntcnipd. AU 
mod nil iFie wirkeil dctlflte l>om iht line nf wfllrudt, 
tlint ihey timy fuRi-orii on rMnnr-iititisry ftorilBn of 
Innic real or imnginACv it(lvniiiH|tt>. 't'lirir hetirti tn 
KgiiiilFd ill lhi> |iiirriill nl' it with ihf (iikH viulcni Mn4 
pBinriil fiiiclimi', Hiiil \Mr muriiTr-, n|<|)iptipn(tiin<i 
mill folicituilr, c<.il(.ii ihr rt^i.n inrht nltrt they Imvp oh. 
mined thr|^.'ll*llimi. Tlic i.nu.rc rl llirli )<lf«iurri Imt 
bvH givh, IviiUul, xwW\U, ftv^l iiatiliUuv, Tbeynrt 



|fiu. 



M O M A I., Kc, 



yti 



Hy^ tli(liili;i(lir»t, nK\it)k CllviiillBj ulwiiyi Iltitli^lt41(l . 
uil iixit itlt Iti III tlMt* II III itii: tS4llll i ftltil, »Ult||ii|li fit 
ilt.i tiU il fiti*i lii Ht L iilv 111' fta, tuJt//iH*M i*ittin;t. '| hry 
I. Itiil |niMt.li:li| |ic|i I I'liitlt till lltr liiliilhiu |i| U-|illi:U 
&t«i^l|ii|ii> i fiifl ma nil KU iiili:iillliU- liMltc luiiijutt 
.(•Uxi lit iiiiii'iLtiiu ftml liiii|ilu ilyi l)i4ii llie ilrnt Miid 
III III lilt: liL'tUly tit Milutiid, iiiiJ lilts liitlinly ut llllllit . 
I'm llii: wiiki:t|« iidtl lliilcLil hi illl 1^ lilt Ml'ts W 41111 1 y 

4|;i.'tl III iliL^ vulu*ti |iUil»iii& I't lilts MfiiiM, iliciiiii* 

l|j|4iiiiH lit illifti (tt-.lita, ftliit lit lilt; lll41lliL|a tlliil lul- 
c «•! 4liilliaU, U \*n\i(\\f htllhUl. 'i lie iiiliiiii lit 
it*k, llir |iiiilliiu lit ltii:>tiii»| Illl: liiiiu aiiit j'ltiiHrt^a 

tilitl.', lli> ll'iillivi: lltliii- Kilt lit lilt: litllilij llii: tUlU' 

lit iltC tll<|!, iaii- Iht il)ltttllu ill «tll|tllMill^| lit! |ii|U Hill* 

III, llti: liiillii' lit tiilll wlililt: iiiitltUlitc |» iilir.iily, 
I Ji4ll{>ilia llltluliiitlcil. tii^il'- iilttl Hi 4 llliilllill|] 
K lllliiiiLili f> 111 Iglitiiillllli^ tviiiiil, filnl III: lii^a Iti ttB 
iiU'il 1 Ixt lit: |iiWt:» liU |illliitv, •iiiiltiili lit: hiiili.iiiiik 
;ii:k:;i. I iiiii iiv •ml in rtlliiii- liiilij iiii ii wciitiit t:vitilliy« 
Jh. iitit-'l il llitiiiil. I 1 1 I I- Uiil liit''illu:i II itif I itlii I' 4iiii 
lillLlg, Iti |.il|l|U:i k'.illi yiiii hi illl )'tl>l>ll| •Itlll liU 
«»tla •(II L ii^i.ijfi iiii^iii III uliilt. Ill .tt lilt lii.llli:. llui 
I litUii hi iIil: lliliilti, itii- lilili klihil, llii. Iii|<liiill{«.ili-, 
viiiii'llfti k, fiiiil III! hiiiiiii|>ia yiiii liy 4tKhi{! itic iiiliu 
Itlll l.)| itinl t:iii|ili(hi)' v«.titilii:i |1il V\'i.lt lutliit IJiil la 

Ivill}. A* p'll li^lllb liVl'l lIlU lllb4llli»V4 tl|fllllL.lll.l( 

Ii I titvllhia itiiii »l illit'o^ III: htl* i a iiii iiliii-i Imihi, hlli 
jllhi^ft ujiii U ill* li>"iiLi, liiitv liiiii il llii- I'liiil Ilia till' 
111 It: I Vvlitil li'iy iiilil till al Itu: I ill iii'iitil 1 t»: |.ik 

^ llii: |! li.iiiiilLlt ihit ill NiiVLllilirl . nil wlili h |ii i iiuiiii y 
ilti-U io li4iil'irtL.i, III fi h'<tlt t ^ l^lii 'iii-il^ III It tiiililii 
I I III III ftlti-i ill il, hi 'ill illl lU li^ )ii4 lit lli>: Illl 1 1 ■/ Illl ill I It 

M ly. Ill' v'liit |j 1 liiiiltiiil I ii>i'/4!iil ill [!• tiit) hitr 

lull, til' ill |<<iliiiii|! , l>> • •liiii a hi .1 limit tlin..- ||i U'l V 
il. HP hi I iMi liili I I lit. II li't I III I III. «% I I i i>l t tiiil 111 I Iil: 
•llitill, illnl lln- t .1 > I nut l>i-illi l.iidi I.I ^ ■ |.'i liilili Hint 
liHlUil iifiluli-j 't) III lU 1 i|i I i". IM -I I lilj.liili i:iiii I i.ihi 
III . 1 JiikV |M 11* t lild iiljii • 1 . 1 hi '.••lull L I i.| liiitj 1..1 III 
iii:ill (ti lit: tliii'jj »'. lu II III i ' nil lln |ti<iiii nl |iiiil>iii^< 4 
.4 hi iiili'liiiiilly |itiiiliii;> Mil iiiii i|: III.. I hn iiii||il 

li-lllllt^, lllilll Imj itii ill l>ll|iUI I'lllt I , lllti ill-til I' >|j 

litii 11 



P S S A Y S, N.' 1,. 

hnm W fka)cT the Jhr. to Ihuflle the ciirt!>, to Jdn^ 
cUrer, anil to drliiny, hv Jfhniirhrry, ill* limrceim u) 
In^iviauil*, Bn>l tha pi-xco ol' rimm*.. IctKirant inl 
tnlltaktn Wttich I He kuawa not tlinl uuritv Atii) I)lii. 
]ilklty (if hrorl woulJ furnllll Iilm witli tjelljintj, vrhitb, 
while thfV rcitdtr hit lir<r trunquil nnd )>lMfiir»b]f, 
would «n«tile htm m ndtn hU rnul «i ileaih Into iht 
liAnd) of hit Maker unpolhittil. Whni floint unci filth 
it ufViKlly coninitli liy kii Initirtilmitiiitp comnicrc* with 
the«'urld! how conipirntivelv pure mitlilH iho jjenuiiit 
|>lf«rure< of A nirnl Anil phibfuphicAl lifv I 

At a prefervative of innoreacr, and (i> ibr meaniof 
a mod agrfpnblc palliitii-, ihs love (if birdi, llowmi 
pinntt, trees, jnnlpm, unlmiiN, when ii '>p)'>tari in hajh ' 
m indc«il it urn*lly dora, Ihould bt cncoumoed. nnd I 
111 • fuhordiniiip ilefcree cultivated, tarewel, Inno- 
Criice, when l\ieh tlilngn ceaCe tu be cnpublu of sffhr^- I 
iii{ pleaf\irc I The heftrt iradiially bruumei hnrdentJ 
nnd comipied, when itt Vihjofli ani vhnngcd tu thoft v( 
It worldly iiid a ftndial nature. 

Mnn miiy )nde*d lieamiiW In thedmof hnlthinJ 
vlfinr with the cAntinon v"f*'"l'" "f (^riiiiKtv life i hut 
ilirj* li.ivr tvio tnii.h jifintioi. lit dirm tor the CrMe 
jHnvcr« 111' olil age, Annilemcnt" me then rc.]uirril 
\s hiih are {gentle, yet lipnilhy i capnhle of enuaiiing the 
thaiightt, yrt reiiuirinu lU' puinrul or coniluiied exenion. 
Iliippy lie who hmn ncniiired nnd preCcrved to that a;|ei 
mtle fur riiii)>lc ple.'iturYi. A Due diiy, n beiuiifii) 
enrden, n lliiwery held, aro to hint cnjoymenii AmlllT 
in Ijieviei and liepree i" the bliCii of Klylinm. A Um 
yard, with nil it- ii'li -ht- :,::-. (-I'lifiiMteit a mod delight* 
(111 fccne, iiiul '■■..' ■ . uiih I, thoiifiin.l enicniiin. 
Inn ideal. 'I'l^ > '■ ■ ■ '- ■■ 'viilioiit plenl'uic a lirn 

Suther her -.i i wMy,. m the tr.iin ot 
ucklingt li'll"' I ■ I I iiiio ti ponj, M likohim 
who has ntt HUM' i I'.im, iiriimliiigio ithakf* 

IJ>raie, It fii i>' ' u .\i-.. rvrry ihing that on 

dlfjrnre nnil .iri'i , I, i,,.., n. I'lmh •{/^rmjiii irtH' 

^t,/m{ilmtHt Mt,Km Mi'.,i /•/■ti/tlnm. I will lorbid hint, 
fayi Murave on niiotlier occjition, to ho under ilie (mt* 
root' with me, or lO cml>aTk in the (ainu vcllbl, 

Ul 



lo. \(t\. 



MORA r, *r. 



.1" 



l.rl il (ipriiiii* Ml :mi .iililiiiniiil inniivr In fliniul.ilin;* 
■i III jiirli'i VI* nui' iiiiiiw nn r, (li.il wiili nui' niiiii-'fiit f 
I* |ur(r*i vr niir Irniiliiliiy It) ilir i h.ii nil t»l niiiuii'. U 

Iiiiirrd inv' tit itic M'^vJiiU iil inniiifUif, ilial il ii rn. 
Iili'il 111 Utile ili«* |inii'll |i)f.t(iiir? wliit 11 iliii umlil iitii 
I'llowi Witlmui ihc uIm.iI i onlcijiirnirn tit pliNtlnic-.. ir- 
iiii I'r inul laiii'iy. TIm' in:tii iit a li.ni Iumii t ,ui MpI no 
I'ti^'lil luil in liiitl ili-lii'in iMt<l IkkI iI^Ihmm ttinniii.il 
1)1 itiul rntl lorniriii,, llii vn v .inuili'mrutn mc nf 
i'l illily liUiiicilnl \vtili ilii- iii)iiiy nl nilini, .iml wiili 

lliouluiiil puiuliil (f'lil.ifi'iiii wliiih III) |.iii}Mi:it>,(' (.III r\' 
\vi\, hnt tlir Miiml d flir Inincll, liMi}tli*, iiiiil iiijMMMKnih, 

alw:tyi p.MV »ii>l •'nhvi'iK-tt, IJ.c* Imiir nt llir luutU. iti 
liiiiiiir-., wiilt a liii'iiiiv aliiiiilt pri|irtititl, l.n .1 luiiii 
'ho WiMiltl tmni hm .iii<'i|ii;iti' idi ii im llu* liilli'irin ll.id-a 

f llll^ ^Mlliil iiinl IliHl iir.iK. Willi li-l|i'-(M III ll.l|i|il|li-(*:, 

(iiii)t.ii(* till' I liiii.it'* III ( )t ilii'iir Willi ili.ii III I I'll. I Ji t 
' itr^i'i 4!i ili'K iih>'il liy oui lliitilli \ 111 tuitii.n i:>.tliii >i. 



tmmmmmifwmmmtmim^* 



>Jl). CI. XI. ON rill-. I'I'.IMII.IAK IIAMNI.Mi 
Ul-' Vli'l. IN Ni)ltll.ir\ . 



.ANV, wllii h.ivr iM-rii l.iil''il In I il Ir.i iiiiil rll.ilr) 
. Y ^ Itv ili>' \ iiliif III' }>(iiiil liirliiiir I'l ihi'ii .iiii rllui^, 
[riMll III itiilfiilri lliriiilc l\rt au piivili jmiI In iiihiii;>r ,ill 
llic iiiliMiiiili lilll.iini'i rlliilililltril liy .i n p lui in i\>' ~ 
.rill V, l>y inmil |>liil-|it|iliv, l*v nitiiiia! lUul tiy irvrainl 
rrli(.Miin. 'I'lfy liinr- luitili' liJiHn! in iln-ii vriipi, ilicn*- 
fori* lliry prriiiiiir lli.il llir wniM \% .r. ilt.uir Inl ttinii lo 

liikc ihni |iiilliiiir in ii. \\ li(t« iImv cvt l.uiii (wiili h 
volley iif oiiili'- iin>l im-i i.itinnii) wlm ihilj il,i|-f lu |.iy 

to ll''t ilhli till lllit'l V(* I'.ti, ililll IKi l.lllllil f KlillVi, l.l\\}., 

fitlii MtJi'i III JufuifltttcH wrir iii.itlf liii till' i.iiMillr, Kh 
llll? iiinllltlinlit liiiT, wllii tplUllf* tllMII iliill].;tlllla, iiiiil 
Oil whtilll llir tllii ul tiiyully Ihl.i lirvci llicil iln lliltir. 
SiUii'rly iiny nt (lit* ant iciit liliiloliipiu-iif imilil lin.ilt ol 

lllirt liolilu llliiud, U 111 lli.ill llii'V picliiittf III ilii'l.Lli- lit t 

iiublcuiaii,lluiia| priliap', lo .ilulliiul ol Kni}*, ^ liiiilr:.'. 



^ \ 



Nn. 



I^liuli'u'. Airry r«i'H •>! t»<ili«' im.llu'Ht, wSoln iiimtt 
Mm only roiiUilpJ In l)ii> lionLi i>l luliivil thi>lrlllt*ili Kul 

e«(k-|>i[| n hmle ii)(r, II (Mvni'ii, nnil « buwJylniiirit 

Jhip )>1r«i]i 111' iirlvllvn*!. lid lilin rtui In tk'Uuchf^i 



(it prlvAi* nrnilltl*! 
.1 Irdutii, hit tt tw niNI 



n1uv» liino 
Iru^Ii HI Nil iKm 1* r'«4'i>il II 

Viiu are Inilfsil > iliili* i nr, In oih*r wtint*. ftu 
Sr#<il aranilUlhur, |iy ijiiml turiiinc «i' (t<)i)4 ilivJa, M* 



iilr*.! fill you tliui n'iMr oM maiillitii'hixil'f. tlini pi)k| 
i1>..|- v,.i<..|., (Iii.lf UimI*, (had. tllt». nil of MrhUh r«« 
Imlrt)' il|llHiiioiir< 'I'liiiiigli In ymtt tfpvtiiM* vuo h»| 
not HHu'li 'ililiKul iliyiiltv, YtiWf lir jrovrdui'ili vnrvnt 
(in ymir |>f(iltliuio'> vu*-vlii 
yniir 

villiitiH yitiii _ 

iiirHiifll linnimiix miJ ilivmllon', y«i ivUlnUit nil ih* 
iiDiiv Inftlint* of ftimlly jtrlilpi wf IV» you niMniy 
^lanlli^J|; In M ceuri i w !*• you rcWArJnt, nntwitll- 
ll«<,.lh>U il" M"m of voiii' prfvM" till', *iili ..llt.ri .if 
'l4'>lKf> itiHi yvt 



lifl' 



all llix 



I liii|<|« 



iiil»ile 



mill (I 



I h4v* alfn hod 

llir Iiutiuur 111 H ilivtirip, uml Piijuy lliv uiivlrit mxl liill< 

i(>)iiiin(liiii »l tt iimrrlti'il iiJiiliarrr, VVIih » ih(> 

I aiiJ i[imIiiIci 111 iiuNf, ovviy tlriimi nmll «(• 

Iiiii>\v|n>l|!ii litiw i\My you nrr 'nliiicO l>y iliv iiiijipIUiIp* 



(il yiiiir (irni'vt huw Jullly ^ 



™iw. 



iiU I A iMliir* I >)»' iiiivy ..iiliilHIm i>l' rlid kUl 

<il (iirol lliiuin. riiim'c, >ir..Mi.<Uii>l. J^ftmM.- J ,k 
j.i.ih. hikI uvor ull Loitlcn, ,..U/,^,-l,..,l Ht wrtl «. dvll, 
lii|>iiiiii<<l lliii, tiDiiv ii|iMii, will' mil III' liii|iiiiti'i], HI 

(vlii) imt iHiiitiiii. ivh«ii I'ikIi 1^'K'iil t ynuirrUiil 

ilm u>iin(«ll«rN of hliiu>. iliM >li» iiih|>/l. icImI, und 
1I1.U ilin rtii|>lif l< .lilmriiiUnr,! 1 Uii.Ur <i lulrr Ilk* 
yt.li. Willi wi.iil.i iim tjlmy in ili« ilhillrioUt cliuiritll 
«nil t-iintlui'l ol « WullilnBtnii < 

VVIirn w* rvml lh» llll iiC iluLi-*, iimriinirir*, ftfl't 
vH'cuuiiii, liiiiDiK, «iiO Li'iiuii«ii, VMliiLdtrdlh ihp Covn 



I 1^* yng |tii>ry|fl| hi 

ir, iirulrdlnit In piiy yiiur iriiil#l'iii*ii, y*l lb 
tiir siiKl 1)11 liiiH'ri hiilI liurluK | lt»t>liliiu Hi lh( 



io, i6|. MORA I«, &.C. jlj 

.'•tlenJar, we cnnnot hrlp woii<lcrin); :tt (he* parent mini- 
er oftliofc wlioure runic in i>l)('iiiricy, uv liritmlcil wttli 
ifamy ; and at the exiiriiii* ynuLiiy ol' L)ur.i^U*ri to 
hich may be applinl wiilijuUici* itir rpjdiftktif ilrcrnt, 
rtuoui, tcurncd, ami drvout. Urn* wc trr .1 loii{> fill 
'ticl<?U IhaiUiWM, whofe namra air fi'lJnin licanl, and 
hofe prrfona are ftfldum i'ren hut :it Ni*wni.iiki*t uiul thn 
iocolatr-houl'c*. 'i'htre we niaik a ttilir wh(ini I'jnic 
IS celebrated for thole i'ruih of ^nllantiy latlcii, in an 
ii-fiifhioned bonk, ndultrry. ll/ie we puini out n 
rrCL'h ItigniatiKed for unnauial ciiin(*i, ihi'in a IiUkhI" 
\ri\y durllilt. Drhuuiheeh, JiUnk ir.is, liirmllhiilti^ 
imelleri, tyrannical nri^Oihtuu'i, aitil l):iti m:illrrH nl 
inilie«| occur to the niiuil <>( iiic i«m1i-i' In licijui nrly^ 
lat ihrv alimill crafe liy (.iiiiili.iiii) to r^iid: I11.1 ani- 
tadvcrlion. All thi» may hr irur, ii will h<* IjIiI i Imi 
ill it not be true ot' any mhcrr ri]ual niintli'-r ut men f 
venture' to ttflirni ilut it v.ill not Tlie piiwrr, ianli'» 
nd opulence id' ilicf noliiliiy, a idi-tl fi bad i(int)i.iiiy 
lul often to a bad educaiimi, lead thrni brynnd thr line 
if coinnioti drpiaviiy. 'I'lirif i<i ilim alfij wlmh ihliin - 
juilliett ikrir enoiB iVom the ulual enou of huuuu iii- 
iimity • thi*y boall of ihi-ir rnoiinitirti, and y^lary in ilirji 
liigrace ; exorbliaiil proliir'^aiy i& conlidricd Ub a inaik 
iif manly Ipirii ; and all who arr drcrnl and le-i'ulai. 
Ire ridiculed by ilie ni.ijoriiy an lamr, puiillaniniou^, 
liypucritical, ruj)ei-lliuou!i, incthodiltical, |iicjudiccLl« 01 
narrow- ininiled. 

Jlut ullowin^^j what experience rrfi tes, that the enor- 
Riitleti of the nominal [',rr.it are nut worle than ihofi* of 
others, yet it cannot be denied thai itirii inlliicnce 011 
the community i» intiniiily nioie drtrinieniiil. The 
greater part ul mankind are weak iintl ill eihuaied ; but 
to a lee biff and ill-inlotnied unileiiiandiiti*, rii hct ami 
title:! appear to be the iioblrll diliiiKMion:> iif human 
nature. Whatever i:i laid or done by the pofliirDi:! oi' 
thrnif operaiCk both a^ precept and example witli irie- 
fillible force. Jt in fuiiiiieni, in the opiniint of many a 
filly man and woman of lulhion, to jullily any enin- 
triiiiy of behaviour, that a loiil or a kuly, vvliuni they 
proudly name amon[* their ac(|uaintahCi', U.in let ihr ex- 
ample. Oeformity iilclfj awkwarduclai, rudciiclat be. 

Vokt Ii. i' ^<^\uc 



PK| n S 6 A V S. N«. ii4. I 

eofn« nrwc sitil ii<illi<B<ri, whro «j<hlltlt«il by iun 1 
iuchrft wlw nft'Hii I*'"" hy «i< (.iij.i.,lfi»i IliiuiiUritii. 
Th«coutU'>PiM!l'ir«X'"nHBui.»f»lilliiit|ii"ijiitrmp«>oH. 
In ilw |ittl'iitl limit, ilul kiiPn, ilirrtlly i*|>u|ioi(ni W I 

tiilnl tu pMvMS viitii* fti>'l (Jflvnti tiiii'|>liii-U. Mr* bttuow 
ftthliititbte. It ii » pHil* cnil |)l#rtt><rr nmnfi ih« liUII- 
«J lonlllnit" »l ih« <iny. l» ll.il>4 l»ri|i ii> a <>ni>rc of )i>t 
ilce. >»«] AVOW thi^ml-ilvPi ilir >l>llii>¥iii* Ol hmati vitHit 



Aiij nu|>u«l irlkiiy. I'lii-y ms ir«v«ll>tl Mcni miiU lih* 
trim |iAiiluu. piiiul4lliiH ill* nuHUtiM oKtxit ivilloH wtiUk 
U cnilniviiurliig lu i|i.-i(tiiy uui pultikciil miiltrncR, th«y 



iitut III in<tu>lu(ti ih« l()i>(<i [iilitciLiInt <>l •ji>n)u|{*) U- 

livrtiiill'ni into iJicir owit tuuiiliy. 'I linl^ mIio Ittvf nM 
UAtcllrii, Imkimr i<><' hdMc yiwthn it'hii l>«vp | iinil tbui 
l* 111* rVvrtt i;ni> ol ilnmnllc tuluny xliiiuil uxivi'dbllr 
wnblltPftil vmiiflg tlnti* wliit, in l)i« rujloii* nf hrliiau, 
i;rtuiiiliu^U|ivtii)tlklll In iltixiri v( tiijoyUig Utt. 



No. CI..XII. ON Arru- 


■s [ION Of rx'iHrMir 


Trf lClh.«.bfr-IUIHl.n...V1UI 

It !■ ccimiiily n urtHi irtliu'mi' 

ll-tlntMlWlUnllC lirVBI Hltmilnl 

the lU'iniliritipiu «I tvnr, Aiiil iti 


nl|r»ini<J HI ytthni.Wtnt 

lliii<'<<ili''ii>i'ltfai>ll.ju[t)rt 

II ml 1 Uil KAIKIIi 1 (ikI 

(.N.il(r.-«.IMi»Kf..wh.» 
vv»>.iM>l mil... ,...1.^.1111-1, 



.;iDi.]'p.,(i.hiir. mi.l li-l. ui.lio.imi., lurUncI* 
fltl .iiji'viui-iil.. nn.i,;..i (iiul.l.llirli .r.|iiiir lti.i<i>ih of 
..illul, ,.iul nnuir^iHv r^dii.lr ,M> iHiri.lm,. ... tU» <)»- 

lIcH^iti. >viiid., wiiiu ibtv (iiiMk- ;tiiii'ir .-iioiv4i«. 

ThiU utii1crn«(i whltbl* muhiiIiIo Iii * lluiq of pirlfd 
clvlllvtiktn, lMl<il\>il>Ji.« A wr»Kii>'li nminiu iin|ir>lllhU 
UHtlixili til.ffcWfJ <tl ih* I'lnalltll i l.VH.itll«i)«M wMlk 
u» ilHABiiifiUI*, It II..UIUI I'tijiiuirl llif I<lf4 III iImII* 
■ ■ •.. •> ...... S .,_ . „ii(„»rtT^ 

IUm, ll'tktU 



nnil lUnu. S.' r..r Io.m. rsr.nll.iu ilia Ik^mIiIvi mtm 

. |.><lllH..llv [.'.rlLiy [it .. ru.lr lUw, ll'tktU 



..r?Kmi»llmr.|'>illlH..llv (..■..■li,iiv in .. ru.lr lUM, 1| 
« lili bwKf ItU'A lit* ittlUli ttiltl at Ibi) JtlaiiUtu* of I 



No. ffii. MORA r.. ^c. ^if 

ft clvlighti ill ihrcnlm orciiprttiotiMirniritl tifi', nii'l wmilil 
glnilly rrlij^u (hr fiimr ntnl tlir (hirUl (or llir Ihrplirnl'i 
CMiok nnil the Invrr'ii |{flriiitt<l. Iliu in mi unditiitrti 
conimiinlty, whfm-onflhiUiliiny»rr irqiiiirN (onllrtiit iltf- 
fl^rtCC« tlinfe (lilpofitioiH whkli lirli^lii in rnl'f nint rrtitr- 
mciit will hf* trminl with i^rni^frtl i tii» 'tiipi ; itnd no tnn- 
per orttliii'l which in ilrrpKett will Ut * cplilrtiiiiMJ. 

The mitirnt (ticrli* mid KdinntiM wi *hi« moil i-ivl- 

lUrd people nil I hr i*4nli. Thry, howrV» wrrr uiin('- 

i|iiiiinte(l with th;it rHiinnr ftcluricy nl rrniiii.«'iii wliiili 

li Itecome iiiilv(*rfiilly pr«*vnlriii in tniHlriit tiiiir^, Vrr- 

Hiini fottir rfNilontil)lo I'liiili** iiiny \u* iiin^iiiril. Thr iMt. 

^hliofophy rndrnvniirrd to Itiitodtiip n miiil rtp.ithy, ntnl 

(ho'llJ(h it w:i« not rinliriirnl in :ill iii li^nni hy llir vu|. 

gur^ yet it hml n (nlliur<ni nunihrr ol votaiiei to diHiiff* 

A grnrml infrnfilnlily ofirniprr. It prttuipi nti|pitiilly 

Airnnt no niuir tliiin tiMriuh nirn inj^nvrtn ihrit iiflri'- 

tlon« by the (lif);iir» i)rrr;i(on, hnl s\h u nnini.il Wiint of 

ferJIn); prnduird (he (iiinerltc(*N hi ii rnhitn:il trj^nliiiioii 

ofthe pnAionn, iiirt'tililnlity rnnn pMlird nniiMi^Mlii* \nl{f:it^ 

fur what ii hnd no i l.iint in, ii pltilplopliii a! imlillrirm r. 

Thnt telpr^lhil .itirniitm to winnrn, wliuh in tno'liiii 

tintrH \H iiillrd p,iill,iii(rv, wn^ not to lir fmind ninon}» ihr 

HUlirntn. VVonirn wrir nnjnllly i (uiliih ird .i*. inlninr 

l)riii){«, wlndr only dniv w.'ii in uininjiiiir tn plrMl'iui*, 

nnd III riipi linirnil ddnirllii n'liMininv. h w.ti nut till 

the tl.liNoi ihivdlty th.ii im n lhrw< <l lil.il drliMMd pli*;i( 

itiv the (nil''!' li'x. whit h (i'rnn l<t .iMdw titrni ii liipfiio- 

tity. Thii drfrirnt r lu wonn'n irlinrN ihi* ni.-iiinrti nnd 

fid I en n the trtnprr; .ind it I'l no vmmhIi-i ili.it tlir :in- 

tirnlt, who (idinitlrd iinl wnniiii to thi ii (im i;i| miivnl.i-. 

liini", (honld iiri|uiir it iiiU)')iii(-(<4 td in.iniici't iniompa- 

lihlr willi Drlintry (d »Sriiiiinrnl. 

Men who .n'i I'd, ihon^'lil, ionl (|iMl.r, Iil.i« tin* nnlirnti. 
Wert* Utnpirllioii:ili'y ininifhrd hv n.itmr wiih rvny (crl- 
ifyo in ^le.'tl prid -riinn. Itnt tlnii tnmli* nl rdiiijiiini 
vniiltil)ti(('d t.ithn m h.ndrii, th.m m imhIIiIv ihrii h«-.o 1 1. 
PoiilitHrtlid w.n will' iht* iinlv j>' I"' -i' nl'i'*''* • 'd piiilnit. 
Ainlttlinn. it i'< well Known, imilin mII nilin piilhonn 
ruldervienl to itfrH ; mid tln< viuiih wIhi hud hrrn in ■ 
«*ll|l(M1ied to M niililHiV dihi|dinr. :iiid h.nl rndiiiid (U<« 
hiiriiniiji'^ uf • iiinij'Wi;;'!. ihimj'Ji lie u\\\\^n\ >\*AA \\\ \W 



|l( ASSAYS, No. 101. 

•llurcDitnta oT picarutv. wiiuld not havt lime to cullinil 
tlie retinrniciiu of lU'liincy. Uui the mrnleni folJltr, 
In thti giirCcnl modr ur'condu^infl war, l> nul (omptHtd 
10 iindcino miiny porlonal hi'dniij)! cithctin iho prrfi- 
railun fur hi* j^rofrllion, or hi the eintrtifr of it* <Jon- 
inercc, but little ]<nown to tunnv nntieiit iiuiltjnt. jivlt 
the inoilernt «n uppnriunity nfat^uiiiny nfiuleucr with* 
tiut mutti^diflitiiliy ur .Inntterj am) the mlinitc numlwrt 
who Inherit thii opulence, linve recoiirrci in unier t\> vitt 
■w«y life with e«r», I" lilt: vnriniu nrti of sjiiiilng pUl- 
Tuta. The pi'ur«(liont of divinltv krJ low. IrHve luffl- 
cient time, opportuniiy, and inflin«ti>ii> lu mofl of ijidr 



)<rofeI1bri to purfiie every iriiioceiit dtniircnxnt and in* 
' " "' , I'he jjriirrLil pl.m of iiiodein educi^ij^nj 
rnong the lil>erul, cimrilti uf ihe ItuHy nflp"*'* 



and feiitlnientil Hriiem, conrriliulrt prrhnjin, uiotc Am 
all iiiher ctufri, to Iminmiine the henn und r(r£atl)|< 
rentimentt: for, *l the period when nluv.ttioB UgpR* 
tncnccd, the heart it tnolt I'urccpiible of iniprcfUonv . 

Whttevrrdirpflfiiioii tends to foflen. u.ithoui wuk- 
cnlng the mtnd, mull be rherilliedi und il mnllbcM' 
lt»ved (hill M uniillV.'lcl Pclicu.)' nf Semioi.'ni. .>r) iH. 
Mr llic rsirfme. mldi uicuily In llie liupiiiiielt. oJ hub* 
kind, li>- d;ir>irii^K m umvrrfnl U-novulence. It UwU 
men to feel fur Pihcr* iit fitr ihrmrelvei) it dir)iu((t 
llicm to rejdicc wiih ilio hflppy, >nd. Iiy pnrciikiiig, (0 
cncie.ire ihrir plvafurf. It lietjuently exclude! the mi> 
liun»tii ]i:iirii>n), which are the fouicci of ih« jrrtitelt 
tnileiy In life. It excitei a pleafing r«n'uti(in in ovr 
vwn lirrnll, which, it id duration be cnnfidercd. nuy 
be placed ainon)t the liiDliell gmtlficatJoni nf rml*. 
The only ill cinirei]iieiicc inut cun he apprehended from 
it is nn eflVmlnncy of mind, which may difiiualify HI 
fpr viuiitoui purluili und manly exertiuni. 

In the molt fucrertful cnurfe of iMiigt, obltaclM Will 
imi'ede, and ilil'n^ire.iblo cucumllnucrt difgiilt. To 
bcur th<Te widuiut (eelinp; them, it Ibmeiimet neeef- 
fnry in (lie right con^lun of life i but he who 1> ircw- 
blirifily Hlivf all over, and wh«re fr^irihility aprroadi" 
lu ri)rmeC>, nvdidi the contcll In »hlih lie knowthf 
mull be hurt. He feeh injurirt never ci<nimiiivd, and 
reftnU aS^cnti ucver intended, DIfgulttd with 



^ 



No. irn. M () U A f., Si\ V7 

nnil mnnnfrdi lip riiliPt fiM*k« iriiiriniMit tn imliil^ti' Iu4 
nii'tittH Itiitv, III, %vf*rtLriiril Uv < (iiihiiii;il (li:i;i|iii, mii- 
(lu^U liiinli II with fnllv iiml iiiipiinlriiip. 

Ilttw ilini llinll \\r nvniii llir pxtirmr nf n iii(|'Mlitiiii|, 
whiili, in till* iliH' iiif'iltiiiii* id |moiIiii'Ii\p nl ilic hiihI I.i 

lutni V < iMllrtllMMH r^ r ||) | liji, iM( rit, MO Wrll :1 1 :lll ullll'l m, 

rf'riftui null) lii'tnljcil ill tn iiiiMli'iiiii*. .'iriililitliiv iiiiill 
nt*t lio |>i'iiniMf*il III linK im tiit«i hii It n llnii' nl ntdn- 
leiiir, 11^ rHiMMiinllv ii'^irllp^ ihfilr iiirtiiiv frMiniMMii", 
wliii ti inn)' vny wpII (iitilill Willi till* iiiiiil ilrlii ttr. I'll'* 
grfnlfrt inililiipfji ir Muntnuiilv iiiini'il uiili iIh* iMi'.-itrll 
roi-tiiiiil«*, in llip iMi'* liriti. 'rnnlpi iirU jitinril \m\\\ 
ft'Totiilinn, fnrni" iiii|f*>'<l n finillnil t li;n:i(')ri. tn wliii It 
K'Uloiif rd-fipmiin^i uiili nntnii'. in iv I'siliiv nti-tin. 

'I'lit* HflWIrtlitni f*f ^M- II Iniiilohv i^ pMirnii'lv i ntn* 
mon. It i« Imwfvpi nt niliinio iio th>> ip,t)ity jq nnii:ili|i«. 
It rrnilrm n tnnn ilMpllnlilc, nnil n uiMnsin tiilirnliitr. 
Innrml nf iftifvin)i tlir pfflii'l il. uliitli in i)p iipm Ihty 
rffeA of g«nn*MiR (ynipniliy, n ilinimMpi nf i)ii« (mt Hit « 
from tnifrry, tn (li^w thnt It i^ inn ilrlimtp m liippnit 
ihe (IkIiI nl itilltpU. Thi* npp'-.-irnnr nf n tmi'l. ni tli-* 
Jnltinis nfn initinp.t'* \\\\\ (.miIp n pnimrvlin nf fi;n. Ir 
plTlriiilt Inn Inpf-iim flinif nl iiliiifiMriit nint pliilnn 
thmpy Mm it i^ irnimlfntil'', tlint rlii*) ilrlii n v :im 1 

ll'lliii'l llpit nltiMI ililMppi 'II ill (iillMliif, illiij till pri tniil' r 

tn iininiinnnM liMiiilMJitv i'^ lM*«)i|i-ntlv I'mihiI, m tli .lii 
flMH r fif wilni'lli'P, III lir iiii' iMnnif ml v iiiifrr<|i<H- 

To tni'p ii I fivril ;i |imii|> i )i>-:iii hiiiu iIp li iml nl ii;i. 
Iiirp* 11 t'f li'ivi* ii>i f i\r-i) ilii> iiic:iii i til till- lii>tiii II I iij(i\ 

nii'tlt. 'I'll li'P'P Ii ^Mi1:il''i| ill ciiii'l i>in i l<v ill'- illi'l:(1<-« 

til'ir-Mliin, !•< Id lin^ •' .It'll •! Mpinili' iltfiiii\ III ninn, :it|t| 
til Ii:m t- filiinin'iil til II ti i|>piiif I i I'l u Im li tlif \\* irf «v:m 
I nnllilitlril lull fpii'ili*. IVl;iv :i l>-iiip'i, tinn Imii'I iMi* 
illillill. lli-\ 1*1 Ih !• iiilf It'll i iHiii inpl ililf Ii\ rillf 'l:itii<ii. 
Ill iiijiiliumlii W-i pMJii lliii Mini tn ntlnij, lliiiiiii;li lini 
INAIll nf II pinpn {mmiIiim •'. 



/• I >\v>AA.\\\\ 



I»* 



K 9 I A V N. 



Nt.. tflj, 






't ll^lJt, 



Mo. CUXUt. OH TKtlB PAtltNCft, A* OH* 
TiNaVIIHtU rHUM INttftHMftUITV. 

iy |r(o<) lilt m» nlti'A >tll m#n with on <><f)i»} i|»f 

KrCf wi AltJ^Ullh 1 MIkI |)iiMlllifl»lt( UUHIIfl Ul |ttlt«tliUll 

wilt, ,t>\U. f > <'^\r .>rM).'li< itv>lt-|uft«, ll KnhirAlU' 

All '< lutt^tii tuiUiudvi «v^uit«t| bf lit! 

Of WilllAniv(t|>tiiV«Mh*iti|h 

»<» tiirr. niu) iHii djilitlvia^ 
lM>l> lif .Jiii.nvil I.) U..\m t>M 
I.Ui u.fl.iiv KK'l »»>«Hlt of 
n loiii t »iK<ii|li|) «<i«il kliiittN 
'11" .,l>>'«nvt,»lwi4i^JlKi 

I .111.1. »i>.>ii i)>v' tiipi.wit loif. 

ikovviii ilif jiuiiiltoitixii fl til 
•i Htili.iui u loM, »n.\ ttUKiittI 

tlu Imil not titiig ht>t>i) «l fvliuftli WA)H> hli fiiihvr «nd 

DltUllX lllPd llf A VlilllrtUlUHl CuVPT, l*rt>)mAliti V t« tht 

Oltilititii*> «t in miummil Mit pvniii m tiW wfthtn <M, 
liirtiw nfuvwHiiim" wt-ip uk^ii, ttittnj' (»M»li'« ttf i'tintla> 

am) riliur r»vt>Ml I'hifivitMiiiM (i» iht> ti>lUtiilit.v»t' huintK 

•tl'iiiii, ih« iuil>li>im»i> i«t Mii><4ih, ihoitpt'olliiy ul rkiliinir< 
ftuH i(. I'liiviilpiur, rihil ilio i»elK>:«vy t>t lUiM'tv, luia himi 
ihtll lii> )iii|pm> WKip iu> iHora, 1 iMltU.Vk'Hii^ A))»lhM 
IPltlifil, I'V "I'Wiviiiu, »iil\i>iii «iiy viliWi-.ilindMnn Ir 
Kin uHiiiii'UAiuc, <li>l ti» liiiiw'lvol I'oiiiviltiuu vC ll\«l 
kin.l l>«.| h4|'iHM.«.l. ... ll. lu,l m>i it.rivv.l hi.loiu,. ^ 
ihc ulu^tl lime I but ili^i liu )utl ii»i Md *ny ili<i>s nn 

Ihp ||||<JV«'U H> I)* ll>""t:M hik )>«ilill |>ii|lblli<il ot' H ItM* 

l<tiiiiii)) l>v lh» DVPiii, Will it mdiiBF \\\*\ t<»iM>in«(t ntw 

tuiily hrti himlfH'. " I'Vi (liiyi ln>l m ihe iUaiIi w.(. |Uti'< 

" kiwii, ltiv(« jiTuUttl)! tvK* ita will, rtutl mf tiilhvF ht-in^ 

" i'i«liy 



tltl>tllllllk(IU H\' 
TllV..,ll,IHHt, 

rfplllVilllHUI'l, III 

nul, tvl.Kh liu 



Nm Ifl^' 



M 4> U A I . \.-. 



1«* 



" |iik:liv i«titil| iIj till.) k nil ii, iiiiil t III lii{'. fill ••111) lull, 

** I I til II !• 1 lll.tlt tit. t »i I t\ t II I -11 " I !• *• It*. V* It:, lull 1 

lii|«ii,.l t«) tiiii iiiiilUi^ ki liti II •! • iitit« lit III- ii.i •! i<>iii< •!• 
|:iik: lilili-ii piii.f Ik till ti li»' tiiiil liil<-ik litti (iilli Ili'ii* III 
|ii ». I kill " .A Mil ,41 1 ) III! til' I itni i'lk'it I I •III III i I- ii ti i !i>* 

liil.i iif ilio 111.111111 fil».|tit.i ) iiii li-ii| ill titi 11 HI Mi 
* * \^ 111 , Ml , I n I'li* »l t lit- liiiiuiililf I I I'li li • t I I III! Ik-''' 

** litrfh^il tkiii liiiit; iiii. Ill liiliiiili III I'lm I'll IK I . 1 Ii Hint: 

** llliij It I- Imill nil till., •iml lilt. Ill ii>l ilii I mil |>i.i> 

** iHu \iiiii iii.-i . i<i.- r 1 111- iiiiilli I I iKii iiiii- li •iltii 

lllllltrfil !»• Iim tililf I M nil 1 1> > I ^ iiliil ll-llt i I ) lid ill. I ••III. : 
lllilll i VI llil |i|iili.il.| ; I •■III lii>l< •! I III- i|.i ; t iili ii fi .ill 111 

ft^llll^kil III I illj ^ i-l II , ••IIM III lll>i|ll|k.1 

Clfilll iilli-l liL. li ii |i|iii..|, lit. limit It liii.i III.' tit. .Ill III 
f liU I ill III I III llil It I'f III III l<iiiii ) hill III I • I.I ilii. i: t. iillu 

|ii|i|L| \>^ liltil ll|i-tl . lliil III v.ii,> Iml Ill-Ill. t.t III llllililil 
lil.i lU k U til Ui^ |ii|.i. I I nil' I'l ili.<l> lint- f. I liiii .- lilili U 
llUlliillllk^ lti|t'. I III.. iit<|«i'l III 111-' ilitiiti liiiil I. 11 lliiiii 

III II 1 1 l'•lillt•t^ i •Hill lit. iiiiiii.il 1 1 il I li.i I II II I III ii I.I 1 1.1 I I ii I. ■! J 
kViiiiKl ^••t) fiii till I >•!) .. till. llil \\ li. II ill. Iiiij. I i.iiii. • 

Vkblta lillilktl Ml lli.il iif^i I III 11 Iliiiii- I -.11 I I ■ Il ill • I 

^1 U till III |il«.iiliiii:, (hit k\ 1 1 k l> i«. il II I. Il .III iiiif.. « I I.' 

Illlilll I'ti.^, •iml lili-i-illt itiiili.il 111. hi llil I 1. 1. III. i.< I. it. 
|||<lVk;- 1 Ilk. I iililtiiiii •iiiiliilnui •: III llii;. iiiiiili. I mi llii» 
lit.i iilliill, Inmit: 111 III! ii ri.ii.1, i^lilill, tii{!t|liii iklili n 
MwaUlltflk III kHiliiliiil Ity •III iithtiMiKil itiilk* III I'll i;miiii I . 

JllUVkiil IWIul. 111! II, III lillt^ .'i|i.|llllia V\ ii.i kMi'I I kil III 

Uit tl 4 llhtli *lilil iiii ii|« lilo liiiiitla III IU.4II-II III til* 
llglli III tilt, lillitti |.i|«t.| 'ti I'lll .A iliiiiiliiml iitl-lt'i mill » 

III lilllhlh^lti tlilkk f.llUll III tli.i llil, till lllll.il lii. ll'i^ In.ltiW 

(villi |k^i;iiilii^ Inl III iitli; I Iftr l.i null . .m Ii-iihiIi, it:iliiii:tt 

III |ll4l ilrtlb, 111 II till II i;i. Ill It llil. II illiiiilt. Ill l.ilik; t»''lt^ 
ill(^a wUlllll lilt; |i||| lliii^ III ']| I li.iii|M '.< In 111- . l.nl llii.|(. 

I* nil iilli^iiiiliiii III Ilia fi-ititii t .. , ill. Mill llii{:.. Ilia Itinff^ 

|4Kh.ti tli;i ^flill^i illltl liiiii:ll.i .11 llitifi. Illty' iiliiil-lld i\ ill* 

Hwiil) ill* itii>-l I « .*• lit II limit I iiHi; till Illltl iliiii It iliu ti HI III 
»i It lit I III I illltl I'lll 

I llil • .^ jt.ii liii.i I. iliiiil.i fi 111 ill] lit: III iliiiii ^ tif I lilt I I'll 'I I'l 
til libtlllii}* iiiltit : im.u ii Illltl mill..! (iniii i.tiltiliil iillt^tl 
lllillili - iiii i. iitf illll i:li^ iiJ it 1'i.tiii iili ii lif 1'iillfc.iiib 

I* I f I I'll! 



Nci. CLXIII- ON TRirn patidncCi as oti- 

TIKOVI&HSU PRUM INSliNsmiLlTr. 



TTOWRVKR rommon, •ud howcvfr Inicnfc the cvlli 
jTl of luiiURn lift inpy be. ctnaia it i«, tbui e%l[t 
ti]ua![v grrsi, ijii tml ul)'r£l All mrn witit nii rijua] iJa* 

][n;nui'aiiuullti I oii'l ')^c tllirareiil mdnntr uJ' tuiUinlnf 
»vll«. nrilii r^m nlr .:l' ih.-)r iwo c»u(Vi, « nMurnl in" 
rpniibllity, unii) lulvmiiiiiDU) tunUudfi urijuircii by thg 

AuNthua, wtii'ii A I'Jiool-boy, vfii not rcmnrkitilr fur 
(liiicUtiPrtornpproliriifiDn.'irl^illUncyurtviu but ihongli 
lili ptof^rfh van fliiw, ii wnii lurrhUnJ iha <(sjUiilouit 
fipporluDit!D> Dfllukly, which he leiijflj'rd l>y lialug frt* 
ti^aa tUiift Nviitiiiuiit whk'h vivamy nn<J w«riiitb tt 
uwflitiiiinn nvcufiniii miiili him » lolrrttbly ituod fcbotif« 
TIiv fuller cinV at hli ilrportjnint, hutvf vtr, alivnntvfl ihi 
itllVfli,,!!. t,f\m unirScpni bikI. .ii^.n ilit IlicliMl mlf. 

.ln>.,'.tm<iii >, lu- (illfi) oiulrrwriil tilt' liuiiilllinnit .<! lh« 

n.,1, >^ni.■llhcnKvBJ»t,..r,■ witluiuta ic«r, mi.l wiilioul 

[ k Imd not long bcrn nt fchool, beTora hii father and 
moilirr ilirU of a coniBuioui Fever. PrepHrAtory to th^ 
(lill:liiAiro of l» muiiruttil an event to an orphan Ton, 
ninny prccnutiona svne tHJicut many phrafM of conilo- 
Icnce lliiilird. At length, iho malter took bint ariJe, 
1)11(1 nftcr Tcveral obrDrvHtioni on ihc inilahility uf human 
■iKuirf, tlie I'lulilennsln otMcHth, tlic nccrllJty of lubmir. 
Aon lormviiicnccHiiil ilic inclKcni'ynl Tiirjniv, tnlilhioi) 
tliHt hid pai-eiit< wric nu itiore. 'I'otliiiit you<i)t Apaihui 
replied, by ol)[i.'i'viiiit> without any villbk' nltcration in 
hin (ouniriinnce, ili.it he rnljtcftcd romciliinE oT that 
kind lind liapprnrd, ui lir bad tint ircrived liii Irttera at 
the ul'unl timet hut ilini lie hml ntii liiiil nny thing on 
the Ciibje^t, Ai lie thiiu(;Ht hit brinji polli'llcd of a fine 
foiimin by the evctn, wm > ni.itter ihiit concerned no- 
body but hiuilelf. '■ I'or (li.yi he) .it ihe Ur.ult svai (ud- 
" den, there probably wat 110 will, and my lAilier bring 
" pictiy 



Ni«. if^t* 



M C) U A r . .\.-. 



1I« 



•' iMriiv umn, m ilii'V t.'»ll ii,fiii«l 1 !•• mi', inunK (mi, 
" I llliiil I ticit) In- ti IV \M II •<(! " It'll If <« :<« inn t 

tll|*tf<t t<V Iti-J Pllldrl, V llil ^\ I- nil\\ liilil-li'i i-l (I'llp- ill 
l^irf nl III >l f lii( \X llii )| ll*' ll'iil In III • I'l rii liijli iliM' In 
|Mr% • Ml " A Mil :i)i' t iii| iiiif -ilti't'li-il ( 1 it.t III > I- It I) 1 '••• 

" It'll li( till* lli'flff ll (liflllli: ^lt|| ll III (II |l«i- Woi'ij." 

*' ^^ Im , ''il, liiplitil (III* inliiililili-^ Ai'ii |i-\i ti<>i I'-"'' 
" I'f'i'ii I* -)i liinii (III III Idlnnii in rii>\ i>li m • . <i>il !• Ilnip 
" Itir, \\r IMiill mM ilif, :iiii| ilii- III •■ : :iti<l 'tii t nni |>i n 
" till* tiMM |«|i I • i>i t'* I ll'- ni:i|l' I \^ •'• h'n lini' !> >l1ii 
llillii'il 10 l>» illilr In niil\\i|. riiiii litil<li l>fi tlu \><iiii,' 
nvili I wUty |«iii'>iM\ I ••III liiili ll ill! i|m t- nil fi (i ill ii| 
|i ill '^fM lift 'III, ri M ■■ -iMi ;H iiimMiq 

tM'iin {«fl>'l I"* |i (l li|ii*i<l. Ill' |iii>|- 11 ini<i III- III' III ll* 
^niri in III I III- ll.iii- i>( 111 iiii'ip ii\ lim \\, ■ • |. i \Ui ••! nili* 

If .nirl 111' iflli't nit il , |liii If r. ■' tp«l ini'ii' • I In iiilMiiil 

ill • llf'l It III till- I I'l •■ \\ ll- \ I'l I tl-'l' 111' I I I l|M 1- \N ll|l U 

(iinlliiiiii* li>« I-. 'I III- i'l'ii i I i'l III I III III • ji-i'l (• II r til '11 
III lilt 1*1 III II lU 1 'I ml lii- 1 iMiiiili I • •! ili ll ll II i If -ll ■ ii'.l !>• Mi'-i* 
%\«inlit |vii- (ill ilii I ill '■ lii<'iti| \\ it II ii|. Iiiiii I' i>-'- I - 
Wi'li* :IHi«»'ii rtl |!i il .l^i «' !•' n Mi'ic- i ll I ■ i I i'' > \ 
%X hlllMtl |«lf tllllfi', ll|i \ «M |i' l< t'> ll IM- ll III iliii I KOI • I :■ 

liiirtll |Miv, fiiiil ll »i'i illv • rH lii'tl In-m ilii I I «.M, i.. i:.i 

gtrt^t*. I ll" intilhini :ill»'l1ililMi •* ii( lli^ fUMlti' I. I'll ilnl 
iHinliiiii, lnHut'lii nil !i (t-i-i't« i^liiili, iii|fi I'lri vtiili n 
WPfllitl^h on MliMiiiil tiv ;ih rii|vAnir>il Mnlr nl iniiiiitiin \. 
i«Mivi*i| rniitl. Mii-ii, {11 l-ilt, Ap-itliiM wiouMt'tnil III 
ii>li ll M <tlili| nii'l till lip Ilii hiiiiiU in lli-iii'it mi tlit 
li^lil fif im* iiiiiiiM ll I'l 'h ImII ,\ ilinitlfiml tin fni iuih p 

ill IllHiltf'K ll:IVi* f.llli'it In In I li>l, !i|| wllii ll tli> ll-n- lu'llif 
Uillt Ifi'tnili)! liMiiiitiifi. I If ti ||nl^ . ril iiiii'ili, li'itl|t«^'l 
(fl lllfll llnlM, in i\tllill ni Mill III! II itliinli> in I ilif tnilp^ 

inp.4 wtiliin ilii* put lirn*' <>( .'•! (iimin' (n M ■ I•lltll1ll^ 
i^ till :tl|i'i MlinM ill lii« Iimiiiii - ; In- Hill litip" lii* (Mii|r, 
|rtt(i'4 Ilix {tl'id, nml hntplii il ilmd* liliv iii"ImU w Iui 
%\'vii\ lit liifi'li I ( III IX ilii'i nii|i up Mini ili«i\ ii itii* immUI 
t\ il liniti I mil I i'lil 

'I liii ■ \ p ll liii i I'll •Mil'; M III it' in |i inll'iMi i- •■! i till plM^ i*i 
|i( liriilitili MfiliiiiM<q ll l|ii ll {i|ili--4 IliMM i<:i|t|f:lt iiilril 
lll*iti|\. .^ii i< III. i\ ill nil I- iin ;l t-i III I ii|i-,| iH r:ilirMi^ 
■ « It « llliir. 

I* i rinlil 



ESSAYS, 

FiwK thai pnioil •! <ikhl;k lite nitii Iwflni B 
Sh>k<mwa>Kiik>rk>hIcfura(]u*lilv, mMcIi, in chilitf 
it c«Uc>l iVinirftcnlii^i'. lUii>u<il nrv«r enirr am 
!«)) of CMTifwinr without dtcn tug hl> liiArrU, bv a vial 
ritOtilioii ft bt»Qt< ). At LttMi), tie amldrj iKe rommtf' 
liMi ol I'«ltl1^l Mlhrr ihiough Tfir orilitnic than <>l pu- 
■iiliiKCflt. lulhoit, •(ir<ii]yitlir Icitttiiltty, atihr faiiti 
liRtc ihul it |;«vv him llir iui>ll MilirtI tlrti^lit, ftcigtinnil* 
IxpoMhim to ikrtt(«tic4Ufli{|loii. Thiu, fioin helii^ 
«i)ii*ttilcJ tvtth B'kf. )li«(i^li M Itrnii^r i« mLifununri 
hcdoiuiirj a habiivf brutnj cviliMfun wty hnvj 
Quet btM htm. 

Siotctti tvAi dtfiencd fiir«tiivfary lifr, whkh, la thf 
Kcnriality nf Maukiad. appMn klmotl rwtmpi TiDm lK< 
vt<mniftn *itMk* 4>l' ltt-h»iu[t«i bnt if there vrttt na 
uiher ioAaiKct of ihf pnuliar luil'tmt ol' it>p Itmlani, 
iilHKUt alnnr iitifthl rviiKt^ ittc |trnuiii1li:l!iiC<t oT fiivh KR 
»|i)nifiii> t'ttwi alii^^iiiflv icnipcr, h«i wat pmne loinii- 
•jpAW lurc^r* I dittl Iron) »d viiier|in>inK tllrpofiilon, wm 
liiil« inclinetl lu Ai dtMti «>Qi«n»sl without a confiil^N 
ubl* ftiNN of ■•puiaiion. IiiQticiiMtl by hi) lov« of famv, 
he vf niiir«tl to apgirtit to the i>uMic I4ltp, aitil aftuittlr 
(tin u.U< ih>- wt.il.l » prrfonHiiiur ot K"-nl >»filt : l>ui 
Ml (hi- wiiik wniiidl iume r>«i<iilaraiirJtuun>, it tvfti foon 
iirglr«tfJ .>ii.t lunk ittiooVliviun. 

All evil I'f thit kiiiil, |>prha|>», the merchant or ihf nii- 
nufuUtiMT inn,v iteai tvlih coitiPinpi. 'I'liry. howvvn, 
who, will) ih» liiDie f(>*lin{;a. have Wt> in ih« I'amr pre< 
dicHmeiil, tvlll k'low the an(|iiiih tvhich Tr creily tnrinrnt* . 
rj the Jirtonfulaif ^luivui, Tliit ilifappoinimntt kvit' 
the lii-H ftj)lie>i»ii of hi* lifV. aiitl u>i ihi< ho Ipng matlU 
lairti without iiHrrmiliioB, H« hui not agaiii vt-niured 
ii> publiOi, ant) ihtitrfurti hat hail no caufe uf unvafmcri 
from th» ingratitutlo ofihtt miinvheatlrd monller ; bui 
the «vil< of lii.> private life httve bren ntiroarvui and af< 
ili^>ivtr bt^yoiitl luiicepiion. The death of an amiabl* 
wife, n conllani (late ol Ockner*, t)xpe<^tation> coniintially 
(lilappoinipd, hava eoneurrerf to Dvertvhclm him but 
all their eftbrtt have brvn Iruitlrl'i. 'i'ha rcAcftkmi tt 
philuAiphy aiiU religion liirtiry him agalnlt every aiiacbt ' 
and I never vifit him without obfcrving a plnciU I'mila of 
r«rignaiiH 



No. 164. MORAL, tec, jti 

refi^nanon diffufed on his countenance, lie is fenCtbU 
oftne real weight of every evil, and at ihe fame time 
fuftains it with alacrity. He draws rtfuurce^ from him- 
felf in every emergency, and with the nicelt feelings it 
become perfedly callous. 

Thib is genuine Patience, and though the former ma/ 
by fome, be thought a happincfit, the latter only can bo 
rfteemed a virtue, 

Senfibiiity, with all its inconveniencies, is ro be the- 
rifllied by thofe who underdand and wilh to maintain tho 
dignity of their nature. To feel fnrothers, difpofeKui to 
exercife the amiable virtue uf charity, which ouritli^ioi 
ind ifpen fa biy requires. It conllitutcs that enlarged lii:- 
nevofence which philofophy inculcates, and wliich is in- 
deed comprehended in Chrillian rhuiiiy. Jr is the pri- 
vilege and the ornament uf man ; and the pain which it 
caam is abundantly reconipenfi'd by that fweet fen fatiun 
which ever accompanies tli« exerciCe of beneficence. 

To fee! our own mifery with full force is not to ha 
deprecated. A^Hidinn fofttsns and improves the heart. 
Tears, to fpeak in the liyle of liguns fritiliy.i- the foil 
in which the virtues grow. And it is Ow. remark of one 
who underildod human nature, thai the facuitiL-^ nf the 
mind, as well as thcieelingsof the heart, are meliuraicil 
by adverfity. 

But, in order to promote thcfe ends, our fuircringd 
muli not be permitted to overwhelm us. We niuil oji- 
pofe them with the arms of reiifon and reli-rioi. ; and to 
cxprefi the idea in the langUH[^<? of the philofoplu-r, as 
well as the poet, of Nature ; every our, wliili: h<' is eoni- 
pelled to feel hit> misfortunis like a man, ihouid relolve 
alfo to bear them like a man. 



Nt). CI^XIV. CITRSORV lU-MAkKS ON 'HIE 
ELOUytNCfi OF Tllii FUMMT. IN A Mil r Lit. 



EXiOQyKNCfif. is numl>ered among thrWe arts which, 
f ioltead of making a)>rogr Hive iinproi/emenr in the 
courfe of f evolving ages, have greatly receded (rum their 
oriffinftl excellciicc. 

P S 'YV^ 



V t|I^V«« >•« ««(%VV«*«««« 



iu & u« lb gf nouilv U • x^t for IbUJ ; 
%ndfubi.« »niAg iUftufeUft ch«t mtro digkti 
i)Mion» wki«« ttiiiupfH>r(oil by iruih And drgMv 
Uitk «tienJ«J to. i'hux it h«« b«^n t^id, w< 
uuly cUiUcmI kUloiy of our owu country. MUK 
l«i\ion» of f^cUt )ii'ocr«dinga of par)iaiurut» «n% 
dHcriptiuna of our UAvicx Miid i^nuiuutfuijt. tiilii 
}iyuno iictHiK fv^inii of our luotl c«lcbrHi«U hillt 
|*rcAt i)«)il of f<ig«city ktiA. inUrciK b^tiu «xrrud i 
juUmtiu of coulcUc^U wriifi un\\c»cirirU Ubouriu 
M)g obfvur« p4lf4g«^ in our »niml», and much 
in ih« exuminatiou of tuir rfcord». Kul whcra, 
i« thi^pmnting of 4 Livy, 4u\l the concifa rlru 
b4lluli ^ 

li lA not ihcrt'fori} furprilin)*. th«t a pc^oplo w 
not uiinccriruv rinbrllilKmnttN ii\ mHUn^k o| i 
¥ho Ciin fttil in lovr wiih n4kcU iiuih rvcn w 
At librtty lo Jicfa hoiicif in the );:nU of Uncw i 
jrCt inrir oinanu*nu) tlouiiihr> in the in\poM;i 
4CUon.^ of poliii^u) ilt-buio, a\\%\ the fciiou:i |>m 
4>fMi'oni( of juiluAtniY. 

'i'hu« the rloqutMur \A ihr uniicnt)! i:i not, Pc 
btf tonnd rithn- in the (mate oi the toinni of I 
There is, iuvleeil, i* veiv v;ieai Jri^iee of nieiii 



Af«i. irSiii h\ rt It A t., ^1?. ttff 

Alt mIpmIi 

( )ni* i*Vf>iun0 Irifl rtuti(Miti« rt^ I \vi<i Wrtlbing In til0 H^tif* 
ttpni ittfiiiVi iMi'hJMV I) iittip liflh flit, I ii|t(»>r'viMl n Mtftn, 
(iMn*>«\ltrtt f|i(vnMi»Mi in Vt>iM« ninl Of it ntMi|<nrp<l rtli«#i*t, 
Iftniiti'iiiiy ill tlif litm^ piifti ivilh iiiy(>*lff l^'iMtiiit^ly ftl 
|MnfHni«i| iht^ilitrttiMit. Ini- n rniHIilfi tl«|M Ihtii* Mtiith'^f 
ill n« ihnlp li« 4iMHi1i#nr«* rt rniivf>t(rtlinn i Hll M Irti^ttl. 
wUmi rt tfliit IrtMiiUftMiv liMiwHiMt tm Itntl if>imiVf>it iliP ri*- 
|*»ri I* ol llrrtnHf>iti-N« lin' iiM tiinil n|ipiii>il \vlttl fill iil\if|t 
itltliiillli^iiM V <M|iii t \\\v liHrllirv i>f llif ^VMllIlt^. (■'ill- 111 V 
mvit \*f^^\, I iif^VPi iiIuIm Ik jiiiit ill itit^iif'iliiMrtoil ii'rtfiiit 
aI0»>4 rt« wi'll rta tiiiiti rt^ir»«riliti« )ili*fi(itlfi« III titinuit WUk 
\\\- lil*^t<*«*«4 tttf li»Vi>til\ nl HIV iMnt|«iiiiitirfi nMiinf*l1rtili»* 
liii^lllMh^'ii up 'IB itii> t iMivi'H'iiitMi i\\*'\\ wMwXt rtHil tn^ 
tnlil nif lif* Itriil jMil Im>»>ii liHrtiiiiu rtit i>^i f>lt>*iti hiiiuiMt rtf 

All F>\l'nili^ l»>iMl|li', rtipl, rt4 ^-rtq Ilia IllilrtI IVrtV* lirtii tnlif*it 
Ihiq lililf* tiiMi in iii»' fi(*liU In itii'iliidti' mi l»'iit>ii(i \\\U 
|i*i*U wiiliniit iiiifiiii|iiiitn I iitnlt Mwit t \\fx>* niiliiM' 
lUtttptl t\\ llMrtliii^ liii«« rt|t|iifliiiiiliii^ I lirtil fitlli-it iniit 
till* n*MI|l(tlM' kI iittlu' iltf*(llMilillii rtl Plittllilillt, «% tin «^ nliM 
Vnili'rtVMiir In inMiii> rt |«iM|»tvti* t l*iM ii|MMt IdviltiM' 
rniivi^il'Miiin, 1 li unit tin (» If n^no'ihlv iiiiDrtluii. 'I lu^ 
I'll! nirtii Mi.iili^ (nuif II fli'i'liMim, wliii It. fiB I 111* V ii I III I' tin" 
rtl llii> linii>4 I I iiini'il niitoii^ iiiv tiiiitiiii'« rti Inon ni I 
rpt»Miii>it lintii** 

•« Villi limit l^nmv. Mi/' {fii.( In.. •» ilttt I rtin 'III i«l.f 

** f:llltlrMtiil Ill-Ill I ^11 In I llllli It MM \N'i>it|lf litrtvq iHllt 

'* fiiilrt) <>« niMUiiin^ in ttiv iinml nlil (M -iihliilnll|ii|'» 

" iliii'iMiiiitr, \\Ut\ (ivi'll I iiMiii'intiiM \\) nli'il rtl^^rtvo hi 

" APlMiiitl tiii> lli»> III fiii'i III lii'i Irtitji* |Miiil |M(tvi>t Imiii)( 

" liniliiil ill pill )i|r* niiMiMin, I n thi'li* I'nilv tnipii'l 

" litilM* pi'itiMpq, iMUi'idl IIIV nitiliiif*<i I ninl V'MI ^^ill 

'* frtlitv itiiii}siii>> wiini ft ipiifi l« llii^* \ rtittt \vfii*ii 1 In 

'* fiithl \i*it, itirti I pill mv I'Mitilv III (III' ill! iiiM i«iiiHi«i '^ 

'* iir ilitiiiij)4 (III '•iniii ivB« rt dill iimii (imiihm iIkhi « niii ■ 

** ninil* liM till Kill' I I'mIimi ill ilt»' \^ III III hill iliil t iliiv 

" itit IIIV limy iinv'inl" Miv Milt m. tiy I'.nun) in iliiitili 

'* III lilt* rtHi'i MiMiiit U liil»> IIIV III ipMiniir* ;im> n\ tli0 

*' litrtvllllllll*. Ill lluM(1\ii|||. 1 • nil l>i;il •• Itiil) (•> l« ill litil» 

*' Al rtii iMi-iiiiMi ii'i'liiii- ] 'iMit I i>hi II litllmvM (ciiniiii% 

•• jiH'rtihrr \*i a » li«^iiiv Ihhumii v. IiIi hU ilii*rt4^U«v\v shvvVs 



St4 ESSAYS. No. ^6f|^ 

" which a fiivottrlw plarcr infoim ihe frrqu«nMr»of 
•• ihcjiiricit (UK ruin 01 cue*, 'rheft ate ray uI'uaI ili- 
*' vcrfiuflt, and reall*. Sir, ihcy have |V<ih> ■<iir«D»|>vt 
** itivnding (htm. In (l>r lirll pUiv, ihry urn not tx- 
** fcnlira j (at wh*t it a fttilling ihtuwn away now knil 
" then anun s iriAinjt whim, (Incc evvry mm hai hii 
*■ holibyWlci Tuch a* Kllvniiij* > InlTcrinf] feltD<v> 
■• creaiOK, of coairlbmiiif to th** education mnj ftippoti 
" of anocr oiphan' SrtonJI^, 1 cikngofuionny thurc)!, 
*' within ibr Bi)l*i>rMoiialiiy, wlilM>uld«iis«roriieiii|; 
" pulhcU. and fqurei^H, anil iiculdtn i)iiiin,Biii9 (liHcJ in 
" dcnth, at Ibmeiimci happrni ta (hole who tiillow 
" more talhWabla divcrliumi nitv. and t can fiitliv 
" whole time without brinK ii) the Icalt avorhraiiO. 

" Now, Sir, *> I havccnnitanily aneixled to varioui 
" (on* of piilpU elotinrrKC, 1 fupi'ofe I may pretenij. 
" wiibuui vanity, in be luine juiiti- of il. Do not, 
" hDwcvr-. tip«(\ tbiii 1 Ihall biiitR (irnuN of the juH- 
'■ n«h of ti y rrnuirliH from ynnr Arilli>tlr>, your Tul. 
" lk>, or yuur (.Ij^tiiilian* i for I am a plalit tomintiii 
" maiii and If I havo luty fanh, God knowi It li fiiily 

■■ l.ri ,-.■ ,„rmilr, iliNt I Hull n«.v iiiul il>rii m,^]i^ .ifc 
•• utfUr ut'uxl iniiK •>) J<vii;.>ii and rubiiivirmn. Sucli, 
•■ for iiinmicc, at ilufe fdifyinu IJiile wonli, Kirlt, f«. 
'* c<tndly, iliiriDv, it> (niikliiiic, m cnme to my nent 
•* hta.t, una tlieli-tta. C<iiil!d<-r, Sir, I have bean Iflng 
•■ ukJ [<> tlili llyle, and iiHiitr.illy run inioit. 

•■ ()( prfsdiprs, I llkitt rafho" fn»t kind, i ill* Finj 
*> Mm, the I'rcity I'lcachcr, iha tjuod 'raaiman, and 
" ill.' lluiiultuiM, 

•• I'irtt ihtv >if the trlt (fnrsive niy ftfrmonical Dylef, 
•' n.tnii'lv. til ihe 1'ixh Man i 

■■ A HiiUKrophomt voite in ilic fDndnmrnnl sanh 
" knee of ymir- I'iiie Man, aiiil t iinwerliil excellenc* 
•' il il, No fiioiior hai ihc Kiiw \ian wiHTpd the pa* 
" thttie and lignifiiant phraff, ' lo contlude,' than I 
" hiive hiiiird iho wlmle row of iHairuni, in iha mWdl* 
" i.illi', with one iici'otj cry, * hunifih,' anit ImmfdU 
" "icly fecond iJirir rMleiniiiion with a inrrcnt of i»4n»' 
•' whiJi Howpilitiiwii ilicir withered chrctn, >nc*rr«fh' 
*' edunly by fiMbi ami fob*, 'I'ht iicxt qualification \t 



Ha, 1^4. MORA [., Xc, jjf 

*' llisiiibility iiMiiuti'Uk- I'luiu iliiAtwiulleiu'ii aiilts liidis 

** vioU'ill liHUUliiiili^ IiMIil: li.iilv, lltill kvllll^iii^ itf lllU 

*^ liftiulti, iK^aiiiig fit liic l'ii.'rtit^ iiil)iii[2 lit liic uyi^ftj tiiiiiii- 

** illg (if this lliiiulila diiii liiiu ur IViit liliili: IVlU))iiiina ul 

*^ iiUiliii Uj whiJt itcvcr Liil iii((iiiii ilic a|i)>Uiilu nl iIia 

** V^cujiiiig fc'iih{;^lc:|*filUin. 'iUc licJ^I lilll wUdi Hill 1 

** ahoui, Sii r hi (tiiili I Ciiiniiii niLiillciii iiuy^ct^it:\^ 

** fc-c:lli:iii.it:3i Hk Un ii^ui^-t li-'iiuihgi lii^iiiiitnt, ihtlb 

** aitf itdl lit Uii vK^tcCUA Iti yiitii I'lui: Mrtii ; kiui (liuil 

*^ (he uiiiti at ili^i^ la itliitiijuiill| hi{4tllcil by iiuile^ 

*^ luuilisarii, 4iii| ^liiUtiic. 

** 'i'u ciimt: in luy UtiiiKl liuftil. iScdiiiitly thriij a» 

*' waft lati'ie laitl ili'Whj wu luui iil iht; I'lmiiir 

** 'fUii VlClly I'le.ii tlt:j ia HM iiiiiiillllf lif llliS I'iltc; M4IU 
^k a i^iHM'i It*: ift (iiiiicwlMl fainter lliaii itu: iMlglu<tL 
lie ivhllios, he iiilt»| ill; Jiiii(aj tliil liictlj ULii 4iiy 
uitihiin^rtlti, a^ hh.tkct|ii'-(tit: Ita^ il. A luti i:lii:itii- 
iiHiu vtiiiL'j a jiiLiiiy Ian: ^fm liAik jl*, tiir, a |iiciiy 
Ul'i: i« a umra |iim^-iltil ii^^iiiMiivi: ihait ihc <m^u- 

aifcllU uf a k. lillllli{^lViil Ul). nliil il kvhiii: huitiikuri Uicij 
** aiu iha ClMilthil nl |i'ii(.ii.l a l'tt:lly I'uaihLi. 

** Ihu'U iutt lufio tit l'ii..ik hi:i J nfi: iu|ii|iUii; lUa/tiiia 
iii lliu iLilliiiiii-, v\Mi<-'iit i = i liit^ii'«ill aililiL llliiji iht: iiii- 
ilirrltaiiiliii^ ■ 111 hiiili, Itfiiiiiitl hulji i iiiiijiai iii|i till li^ 
^* ((1 a HtltlUi lit lilil iiiiiL-j 1 ii.tui:uitiL-t \ti li.tiu III. .lilt 
** nt Hi tihitiili v\liii iti'tili: Itiiili^j aiiil itifiii: I il.iiii J iiii 
'* liUClS, aii-l lUi-'to Hill (III- iVliih(f t^■l^^ iiiol jiLtvCil (i 
'* hiill.liC.t tilth |)|tiiUa llii:i.l) liV llu: lioiiiil uf iliu 
** tiilillc-ttiliiyb. jult ill lliL. l.itfii: iii.tiiiii.-i t I hii At. 111^ 
** aiiil a I'lutiy Vma* U^i ^ i<iii luiiu ihc iidi ttuut ihu 
*^ t;)L', aiiJ I.'il: litilliii^; tiiiril llu- iiililiill iiiiulli.:] iit itiii 
** iiifil.iMj liy illnl lit liillUil^ wllii hj lit ihibiiili:, la 111.^1:1 
** (ht: Li iiit at li ..li:. 

'* I'll litllic iii itiy lliiiit hiMt). '1 hlliily ihirii, thtt 
*^ I < III I II 1 t; ^ I . I ■« M IfU •^ iliivii [-ill III jii.llii 1 iiluo lit iiiu- 

*' I alii) , hinl itii<(li III I i w.i V |ii... L |ii \i\ .1 ijiMi.iii.iii till ill 
** hilly vslli. rii(^ !-j''*' ^ *'' » !■■' •il>i'<t he iii.i Li III ilia .il^ 

** fihi:illli* til ihiill l(lii.3j liiiV t.iit.ii Ik.o, 111 InMlllitlil I. Ill- 

** U^l'^ij^i 'i>^ I"" ^" ''*' t^>|>>>iL:il •'! Iiliii. til ihiiilj itiu 
** U\\k:\\\i[^:ni |i'iil I't iIil: iiiii}-i> I ftdi'ii v\ill t. Llmii riiul 

** tUiiii iiii4k^iUaililiii|^» kiiili^iikwii^ ^Ij Ul Lhiii tain y .iiuii- 



•* 
• * 






|ii II .1 S A 



.,] 



' ft>l Hv hlntt Uui titi |>l.>lH Ibbrf iwimlcJ ChriUkin, 
' |tKivlJeJ lin i«ii iIuImiihiIiIi wI«i tint |>in>\itver Wj-t, 
' Ri*v tarty aw^y ri<i<iriiiiii)[ Im hli cililiciiiiiiiii 

" Tti u)«v]i.<l> wiih my l..u.ili »»(] Ull hMiI, 'IV 
' HviMPMuM Irrmi tv ivnMtr ^trAiliinR ami fintviitit 

• Hiitklml of wutk, u>lik-ll U h* |<frl»i-rii4 lit ai <a 

• (r«t hii Hii|«(, h« !»■ IntiiliviJ. U" h>iul> the linirjcr 

■ M bt would ro*il » n«wi>])ati(ii-. In hi> itmtvhtiijt. 

■ luMHkitsvuun ii«lth*i iRitkaA', iwldillo, nv« lo nitf 

■ vitii-f. but ihiuli* (tw duty lulflclinilt' wall ,\vw. i( 

• It U liut ilun)! avtfiii ilItiK lu iKi rubtiih, nml «t tht 
' cttabliOinl [Riiruit*. Ill gilt lilui lii> ilue, hi mm- 
' UMUly ]^r*fl«llt:« tlie li»ll ilUiiiit> in iIip lnnHiiJigt i In 
' M hn U to" tn^y to tiJuijn'fc, lie lini iiiiiliiii|| In ttn fc«t 
' Ki tn*ka clittUvitf ilic molt cvlibmiFd cdinfiuniim) 
' sfutlidt. tir, hoKiOfur, rliurii»r*«vfr)» frntfuM li« 

• rculii Urir ili» ii'>t(l p»n, lip uhuiet dojliloal nifctt 
" iKiui prRJUt-nl diluiurtEi) hurih* in<Oi»MW>< i>t ih«i 
" wblli- h> h BiBhiiift ittF myllcHi'i uk «li<4i uk ilir fiin 
" Unwi'iiri^^ lili MudltHCI ii ttiniiouiiT) :iiU', |. ,. i.a 

" •«.* churtth* In d miuit jva iii>m « i 

>■ thUhliuUf prcichcr. bv rnhini ' : 

" llitiodiiitn lli'laihft lixlli', Ton^ ''(!<'.'h>nllv i<> int<i<# 
" i'f«« Hiiil .iiiiiiiiifU itiiii itw minds ot his liMr*"." 
Ikii the iilil mitiL-< iii'KL^itioiK obtiffd liiin tti vt>iiGliiJ« 



Noi i6f. M O R A t.t Ac. jf/ 



No. CtiXV, ON THK *»V'rFRIOR VAf.UR Off 

A niAiiOauB BRTwrFM t fcrfto avu torij 



«aMi«MMM»p«»*^ 



C/r#r9. lyyilKTAKK mo tint. I hnnw hew in v«il4i0 
lyjl *^»'' <^*'*** '""ft^-HM ol lilf. /\«filiillfv, 
li(tefitl(?li« (lecofiiiti (if lu'ltnvinur-, if tliry linv^ iimi tit^rn 
tvtnktd by philnfoplirM ntnon^ the virntex, ni-p (priiiin)/ 
fctntfil to tnrm, ntiJ hnvr n |<mvfifii) iii(ltirtic9 in pm- 
tnniiiig iociiil hftppinelA. I havt* re(iirntii"nilr(4 thf*ni« rt« 
well Aft yourfelf. IJut I CfMitrml, mid im lophillry fhfill 
pftvnll upon mp tn j^ive np thi^ pitint. ihnt, \o Iih ttiily 
II III in I »l (f 9 they ttiiiil prntrcil fnuti ftnnfltt(>(<t nf ht rti-t. - 
AfUimeii I7 the* nrlfiil (n feivi* thf pnrpoff* (>( |iMViiti* 
Ifiterefl, \hf»y ilr|t(itifMitr to iotilftnptihie i^riirtHif?, ntnl 
iletf*flihle hyprurKy. 

Chjf» Rjinife me, mv dfnr Cirrrct i t rniiiifit niter 
fflrther iiUo the cfmli-nvfrly nt prelfMU. I htwn n hun- 
tli-ed etittAgeiiiriitii Bt Icnil 1 ntid frr yiMidrr- my til ill* 
•legfltit rretuh i'ninptedr*. I prutiiired hrr aimI myfctf 
the ]il(*fi(ureof' n ptiMtif^iinde. I'lrNdint v/nlkitifr piinit^K 
in tnefe elyflnn f*rnvefl« Somiiih [\inn\ n*itip(itiy (oif* 
ibnt if it were not thnt the t ntmillr* iiir npt tt? he troHtilr*^ 
Tome* t Hiould not murh tetftrt the ftillnnre ftnni the 
Thiiiilerieii. — Hut mlieii, mhmi ( hi*r iini}, fur I lee Ma. 
•Urne * *♦ i^ Jftinini* thepfoty. Adieu, ndirii 1 

i!ir* (Jontemptihle wrtti h I 

dUft/l. Ah I whRt do I hrnrf Kfrrdle/t thit f ntn n 
tniin of honour, unuled to the pity or the inluhd of nit 
uplUrtf A tif'vm hfimnt Hut perhitpA ytiur ejcilitnirttion 
WAH not m«Ant of me— If fo, why 

CUt 1 Am Aft little inclined to infuh n^ to fUtter ymi, 
Yiiiur levity exijieil my inittgnaiiuti 1 bunny cum(mG* 



sit ESSAYS, No. if.i. 

fion tor the «if({(*ni'iiicy of hum«m naiurr, exhibited in 
ycur inftaiK'e, nl<rorb» m^ coniemft. 

Cir/t. 1 coiilil l>f n Ititic »ni;i'y, but, Hii bienlitflce 
forbiij* il. I will b4 a philn(bphKi< litr iiii».— A-)frO|>Ot, 
prnv ilu you iccuncili yuiiri what HiliII 1 catt It - your 
unfiiiooih n.i.lrcri to ihole riiloi uf ilFtnruiii, iliat grn- 
tirnrfi of iiuunrra, tif wliich yriu fay you know ■iiil 
teach the pnipiifty ai well hi mylelf ? 

Lit. To confer* theirmli, I wuuld not ndvantv tha 
aril of «inbrtlilhmvnt ii> «xtiYmc r«fii)trmeiit. Omi- 
mental education, or nn attcniiDn to the graccii, hat ■ 
coniiet\ton with efteminBcy. la acquiring the genile- 
man, 1 wouKI itni lofo the fpirit ofa man. There it a 
gracefulncf* in a manly chnraflfr, a h»HUty In an open 



and tnteniiout dil'iioiition, which all thg umrrlTpJ teach- 
in ofine nrii Dl'ploalinK know not toint'ufe. 
Of/. You anil I lived in a ftnte of mnnnert. a* dif. 



f«reni at the pcriodi ni which we lived wcrp diAant. 
You Roman*, {tnrdon tnc, iry dear, you Romaiii -had 
« litil« of ibe briiK in ycii' Cotne, come, I mull over- 
looli it. you were obli)|«'d to court plabelam tor their 

fuft'rnnei i and \Tjtmilii /imili umii/tl, it mud he nwrnrd, 

(li;il ihe Rff.ltoK ot Villi wcvi- WVMV ol" ihoir l,iv,iiir. 

Why. Beau Nafti would have handed your C'ato* and 
your liruiuleaout of ihe lirtll-room, if thry hiid (hewn 
ihcir nnmannerly heads in it; and my l.iird Modilh, 
aiiimmed with the ciHilL'ioiii merit of the Inrgell or 
fm;ilkll Iiuekk' in the room, aceordiiig to the tempo- 
rary ton, wdulJ have Inujjheii Tompey the (ireai out of 
rounieiianee. Uh, CJcen>, hud yuu lived in a ino>lern 
]'.uriipc«n Court, vou would hiivt caught a dri-ree of 
that uiulefcribable Kince. \vhich is ii«i only the orna- 
ment, hut may he the fublliiute of all thoir lahimted 
attninim-'nti which fool* call lolid merit. Hut it wti 
iiiit your Eoo.) fortune and I make nljow.inces. 

(Vf, The vivatity you h.ne aiouirfit in lludying the 
wrjuu^i and the maimer^ of the iiegeneiute (.iauU, hai 
led you to fct too high a value on t]iialiiicationi which 
daxicte the lively perceoiiotia wiili a, momentary blaae,, 
and 10 ileprrciaio that Kind of wurih which can nrith<r 1* 
be obtained nor uiiderltood without lerious niteniion, 
and fomotimei painful clforti. JJut 1 will uut conien4 
with 



No, 165. MORA f., i^'C, 319 

^iih you nn thr nropriety or impropriety ofthf outwanl 
iii(uie« which iii;li|*ht a monkey nation. 1 will not fpruil 
ar^iimcMtfc in proving; ih.it i\u\i\ ii nuirc vuluuhle thiiii 
tlnrrl. though it ^litirri \ch, Hut 1 iiiiiU cenfure you, 
mid with an ufpcjity tod, whit h, prrh.ips, your fMaics 
may nut approve*, for rccommcmlinj^ vice a.', criicciul, itk 
your mrmorAlilc Icttrrii. 

(*/ir/f, 'i'hat thr* yjrni CiL'<*ro Hiould know To littler nF 
the world, rcully furpriii*!! me, A liitlr lihrrtinilm, my 
dear, that'a all ; how can one he a |*(Mit!cman without a 
little liheriinifm ? 

Ctc, 1 ever thought that to her a (gentleman, it waa 
requi/ite to be u moral man. And Aircly vou, who 
mi^ht have enjoyed the hrneht of a Ii[;ht 10 dirrd yon, 
which 1 wanted, were hiameuble iii omiiiing religion 
and virtue in your Cyllem. 

CJb(ft, What ! AijierAitious ton I *- You have not then 
couverfed with your i'uperior, the philofopher of I'erney. 
I thank Heaven, I waa born in the fame age with tliAt 
great luminary. Prejudice had elfr, perhaps, chained m6 
tn the thraldom of my f^reat grandmother. 'I'liefe ara 
enlightened dayi, and I find 1 have rontributed fnmething 
CO the general illumination, by my|)ollhumou« letters. 

6'iV. iloall not of them. Kememhrr you were a father; 

Clfijf, And did 1 not endeavour moil eftWlually to 
ferve my fon, by )^)inting out the qualilicuiioni neieflary 
to a foreign ambaniidor, for which depurimeni I always 
defigned him? Few fathers have taken more pain^ toac- 
cumplifli a fon than myfelf. 'I'hcie wuk nothing 1 diit 
not coiidcfcend to point out to him. 

OV. True: your condefcirnfion was great indj*ed. Yoti 
were the pander of your (on. You not only taught him 
the mean arts of dimmulation, thr petty tricks which de- 
grade nobility ; but you corrupted hit principlet, fo- 
mented his pafliouA, and even poiuied not objects for 
their grutification. You might liave left the taflc of 
teaching him falhionable vice 10 a vicious wot Id. JCx- 
ample, and the corrupt aije^tiont of human nature, will 
ever be capable of accoinplifhin^* thii unnatuiul purpolr. 
Hut a parMit, the guardian appiiiniMl by nature for an 
uninflru^led ofl'ipring introduced into adangerout world, 
who liimfelf takes upon iiiui the ollicc of l'«dvxd'\vM\ « u a 



^^^ No. itq 

flifn ftpr Ihv 4wi»ri«y. vf huniHn nmurr, tulilblinl In 
vtiur l(illHti>'>, nlifiirlo mf ■ iinirinrit. 

f:^'/. I H'..l.l l.r H Kiilf .iiijuv, l.iii, lit hlcnCitiinr* 
rititiltU li, I will l<- « |<hll<i|»|<|iri' lor iKiVf. A>)>ni|(ii*, 
|im ilu ymi iKfuncllf yimi', wlintdi.ill ] ntU li your 
unliiiAuih iMlilivd lu tlinfi tiiUt lif di'iiiiuiit, ilim ncit' 
lUiiffil or intiiinfrt, or ivhkh yi^u fHy yav knew mil 
leiitli ill* |'f.i|»il't)i at will) m ni)i|«ICf 

f.V<. 'I'll FitnlM^ Ihi triiili, I wtiiilil nix tivtnv* tli* 
UU (if ('mlii'ini)iin«'il III w^irrm* rtAii«(n«iit. Oriii- 
Iflfntal riluiiiiliiii, iir mi «lli>n\lun in iha yotf*. I'm II 
rixiiirOtiiii Willi fOriiiliiiii}'. In ntijulritiy tlic gtntl*- 
nun, I HiiuM u<-\ U'i<- [lii> (|iliii uf m iimii. TUtit it * 
grMtrruliirl' ill <i miiikIi' t liniii>'t»r, n titmily in nn ii|ifn 
Hiiii liiei-iuii'ii. i1ll|>.<i<ili>i>, wl<l.')i nit iliK |<h>r<'lti>a t*iidi< 
tri of ill* on* i<( j'l'-nilim kii'iiv iiki id li>ru|l». 

Cbt/. Yuii <T>.I I llv(.l In n Dnif or innnnfrt, uiA 
rvrcni Ni ill* |ii-riiKtii n| wlik'i wv llvnl wri* illllanf 
Vou NudiHti'i pnriliiii nif, 117 iIfiip, vhu Itomant 
■ ttdltnf ibthruif (nrtii. Cnmp.tuiiii!, I mull 11 
Imili li< Vau wtf* (ibll|c#>l IH enui i pl«l>tlMii> tut il 
fiitti'nHix 1 nnil \r/m»Hi Itmfli x""'*-'! . Ii "»i>1 <>' 



fiitti'noix 1 nnil \T Ji 

■ Imi ill.. K1..UNI . 

|l.'».l Nnlh ivi'i. r.v. 

r irNimi nnllHiMll 

niitniiiipily lirn^lt In It 
i',l will! Ilir nnilimil 



riDTillHl II 

I'!;"'.'','.',,. I 

llhii Irli 

infill. Iiui 



«,.il.) h»v 



In.iKlir 



■ihnl'l'' Einii*. 
.vlii.n (i,',l/i 



limiJril y> 



iiliil 



II lIlM 


,- llllll (1 


hewn 


my \l 


.hi Mil 


i.lllli. 


1 "f til 


r- Iniiji 


11 ur 


.lliil! t.i 


.lIlMn 


ihiiii- 


■V ilic- I 




„'»r 


1 livril 1 


II n iiin 


ulrrn 


.imiu = 


. .li-Hr.. 


r or 


flit lIlK 


(r uC 


mi 


II"! il. 


Hut it 


vin 



iillm 



(V,. Tit" vl>n.iti' yi.ii li,i.>- nimilir.! In llihiyin^' lilt 
writiiigi mill ihe innlinen i-l llir ilpaiiiir'nti' (iHiili, hut 
)rA ym tn li'l tmi lli;jli n vnliif nil i|iinlili(ntiiilt<i tvlikf) 
iliii>,»ll tlip Hvflv iipupiilii'ni wiiti n iiiiiiiii-iiNiy I>Uk«, 
B.i.lln.li-liirli.u;' (Iml l.ihil li ivi.tlli wliiili n.ii llpith.r': 
lip i>l>l Hill I'll liiir lliiilnlliMnI wlilimii Iniini-i (iilrMliiill, 
mill lumatlitiei |idiiilul cJl'vtli. JIui I will nut lunltnd 
(Vllh 



No, iTii;. MORA f., Ar, jii) 

\\\\\\ vtm nn tlip |»it»|iflrfv «m lmpin|iMrly nfihpoHhvuhl 
tifntlm v\liirti ilrli^.hi ii niniikrv nntliMi. I will nut Iprtul 
Ai^umrntN ih pt-nvin^t ili.it p.oM i« 111(11-9 Yitliinlitc* (lirtii 
liiiif I. ihiiti)2li it I'litti'M IrlQ. Hill I mull vrtiliiip ytm, 
Mitil w'wU tin nlpnity (km, wliiih, prili.ip«i ytnu gtrttrs 
m.n' not uppinvr, fnt irtonitnoudiiiji^ viim* {itnitiul, ill 
VniM mrinninlili* Icltrm. 

(*W. 'riiMt ilir );|pn( riiTMi IbnuM kiiowfo littlr nf 
itir ivtii-M, trNlly hiipillrii inr. A littir Itltfitinhm, in/ 
ll(«l1^. tlt(tl*!« mII I tttiw crtii iiht* ht? n giMillcnifiit without A 
liltlr liliPKiitihn f 

(Vi-. t rvrr tlimifrht ihnt to lir n ^rtutrmrtu, h H'M 
rri|tiilit(> to lii* n iiHiint MtHh. Aim! fiiirly voiic who 
ini^ht hrtvp nijnvrd thr hrnrfit nf n llfiht (o ifiirt'l ynn, 
whith 1 wrtiitml, \\v\r tiUm('Ahlf> in iMnitlinjr r«tiglim 
urn) vii-itii* In your Ivltrm. 

(>Vv^. VVhitl I hiprtMltiouA tim I - Yitu hiivi> not thtfil 
roiivrHcd with youi tuprrlnr, the ithiloroph«r uft^rrnvyt 
I ihunk ttitftven, t wii« horn in the fume Mfe with thHt 
i|r«rtl luniinftiy. rirhiillre hml pHp^ p<«ihNpii»rhiilnml m% 
in ttif thi-fiMnm or niv j^trtkt ^irtnilmothfr. 'rhi*ti> nih 
rnlishtpnfil lUvn, nntl I linit t hnvr rnntrllmted rtimffthiitg 
If) inr ^ni>t*.il ittiimlnMiiitn. by tnypnithumoup li^ttntit 

(*h\ ItnAlt holnl'thfrn. Knnrmhrr yon wfr«> a Iklhrrf 

(.*Af^, A nil liiil t not pniirnvoMr moll eflip^t unify to 
frivp n«y Tun, hy {^MhtiiiK out thr (|Uiitihvrttioni nrtrflkry 
to A rot«i|sn rtmhnlilolor, for whivh ilrpAMntrni I nlwAyi 
ilefignpil nitn ^ IVw rrtihrMhovr trtkpo moii^ pftinn to ai'« 
rtitnplifh a Itm thnn niylrll. 'I hcie waii nothing t iliit 
nut roiMli'lli'ml to point out tnhiin. 

(.'#♦■. 'IVuP: youMonilrlnMilinn WrtuprrAtlwIcPili Ynil 
wrtr thf* pnndpt- ol vnui luUi Ymi nnt itnly inuehi him 
thr ini^An Ari« orililhninl(iriiut» thr pi tiy tiickn wnirh dr« 
gtAilp nithiltiy 1 iMit you iot-ruptpil hU ppinriplm, fo 
mrntPtt hi« pnltion^* niul ovrii pntniiMl* (tut ohji*^l« (or 
lhc?ir ^irtti(ii.Aii(Mt. Vou mi^ht h<nn lt*ri the tAlk of 
tVAvhin^ hint riilliionrttilt' vinMo a virtnim wutUI. Kk« 
implr* Anil thr vntntpi itllr^tioMK til humrtn n.-itnrr, will 
pver b(* CApolilr nl nniiniplilliiM^ thi« unncuuMl put polo, 
ill! A pNtrnl. thr pjtiinliiMi AppniiHril t«y nnlurr lor Alt 
HninnnoMrii nflcpiiun iiittoiluri>tl inin Aihngrroux wtotil, 
Mfhu hiinloirirtktii upon hint thi* olltv« uf UvU\^VVv^>\« V ^. 



mnnftcr hitti. I ilfli hiri a fM, I w<ii tSDilerty taK- 
tiiuut lorihcriiilitconJudl ofliii pUuuiiion. I IniruDvJ 
\x\m iiiilv'td to CiJ[b|iui «t AThrmi Itui, like yuu. I 
couM not belp tta»milaliiu liiftiuflioMt dlMiiir^ by pn* 
tcrnil luvv. 'I'litiio iiiltrufUnn* nrr riiniujiicj In in)) 
liatik nT Oflli-r> | B bouk tvhkli hu cvrr Uvrti ilwil bj) 
iW U'liflil An It ]Hiiur to ivIiRi II hflitlil ill" intimlil)' u 
IhatiBiiihvai wan mlvaaviJ ivilhoui ilia liflit <il tvvidii* 
llan> I ovkn 1 l««l « ennkiciuii jirlilt in It i nut on M* 
Count of tltv nliility vI>kIi it in»f (iUjtUv, l>ut Inr ib« 
piliK)[>)nit ichK.'i. niulih/)iw.t,lllAUtMMylrlf,lihu 
iliti'iitkil. Yuu dij ti.il tiiilf'csi jiiign.] yniii' inlli<iAi»»i 
f.ic ilig uuild I liui Hi vi'ii \l«vt ihi^ni tiiii Ion yau lnvl^1| 
it aitf LicviiiKlutipil iliiti you ilimishi t'lcm littr wil4anii 
•nil wlililtulil ilirni tiiily buitiHu inry wnr cniiii(fyi« 
llic< |.ii>li<ttiiitii v( ilio iiiii.'iil.f^liicii«tl. 'I7i>y li<ivii 1<M> 
giunmlly KArt, uiul irtiJ (i> imnKiui* ilic mwih.-n, vImi, 
•mil iVUoluiit liitbiu til ill* nHitun)i<ii jilmi'tU — tn yovr 
nwa nisiily niilnni wlnr, ufnll otlivif. unt^ ii|i|>riMthtd 
niuH nflarly lu|li« iiolilt fimitlkity of ihn Huinauii 

Cidt, hptiv m»t Cli.'rit. 1 hHve nvMrt Itcsn Utofr 
tiiiiir.r 1.1 till- iou);li u<iiM-il.ui.iii i>l ml oU\ IU<m>li, I 
r<'<:l m)'kll liiilc ill lii> uiiiiiiitiu/. Jl'tiiiii' lliuiiiiia 
la> nuLiU (ireliiiii:*. 1 uavcr lalt my Inlignillctixs to 
foKibly k» Huw. i'ttnvU <t>vn\tn ind I'rvnch philn^ii- 
plirik llH^'« bffii tiiy iiioJpl>i uml «niifl (lie iliHtpntitiiifif 
nlonliiro, itiiil tlic limry nt illti'lril viviiriiy, 1 ncvtr ciiB- 
tuWiti ihe urNcclutiialA I'l viiiii'', aii>J iliv briiiiir iif Ha 
Vl'KII, lilU'Clir, Hill) IIIHllty iluro't'i. 



No. CI.XVI. rnNjfcTi'Riis nN run uiKH' 

HUNCU BlCrWUBN OHIBNTAI. ANU IUI'TIN" 
■imoNAI. POKTRV, 



^1 *IIK. pMiilu^tltiniiiil'ilK mliitl, [ikrlhor»(irilic»H<iK| 

I dir tiiuml 111 lu.i' ilifKftrm ilfRiMi iif ifloouf mi* 

tiruuiy ill [IiHti'iii ilmi'itvi, |ii ili>- m><i<' iiinthcth rn 

Kiini, tvtii-iTi ili<< iii-ifi-> HIP hnii-rvl liy ci^M. il»irrw<itkt 



(}. MORA r., ftt. 1)1 

trnrepti frnm the CKrrUnn of llir* iitticiniit pnwrrii 
pniiilut rHurifl (tf ilie jiulfimoMt. I lir fi irnrm, 
* ImkIv pinr, (Ipuiilh on lit'* Mi mI.iWI iiiiuiiitftiii!! | 
lir worl;^ nf tnltr niut i-wny (•'< in \n llniMk IHim 
e MnU, with nil (lir tnulrnti U n( the Icnlitivt* 
\\\\\ tn trijuiio th(^ i^rninl waiitith of a nmrrr (utt 
thciii thrir full liMuiifitu'C ntiil iiiattuity. Aiil- 
It'utun, Hitd tiikkr, wrri* the n;iii\i*ii uiul inhnhit- 
tomjM'info ir|;inn<i. I''.vprii» lui- imlcrtl Irrmn to 
ihnt till till' itKMital pfuvns (>\ill in thrii )>r(Mtp(l 
i<i ilirt)|iih rtiul P'm(i I'ii'Mi Miitnn^ ihpU* whn inhfl- 
pnil I'l ihr jilnnr \\hiih lit»j. Uriwtrit llw trupir of 
nnit I ht* Aiiliv; iiii lo. Nn i nitipiftr ntnl i i'iehrat« 
; i>f ^^^i\ls wns pvri piuiiut I'll in ihc iDiiiti 7(M)^t 
\hrlh«j- ihr ilivpiliiy nl jMiiiiM in ri'iinirirs nrtirpr 
Urr fiom llir fun pttM-frtU diMn nntujnUaufe!«f vt 
ir nilvrniitioufl ciriiiimlliinii!* of liilii rent iniiilfA of 
{))}, (iiflerpni view.*, a in I a ilidoirtu fpitii olctnu. 
it lit iriinin ihAt the pnuhuUinnn u( iLnifvrii Auit 
I'M ^rniuR Arc dilliinilAr, Siune iti|JoniuuH ciilitl 
ilrrii pifintrit out A ri-rpmlilnnrc hrlween theifu- 
il (^ripiital popti)', in the \^iUl riuhuriAlm ul ah 
ir imaginaliuii. And thpv have ArimintPil loritp 
polin|2f with grciit piohnljility, thAt in au c:uii* 
oF tlip AiiiitK-n inti) iirAiulinaviii, ihp KAtlirn 
tmnt^ht wKh them thpir nAiinnal (nil it ul pprtiVf 
niiuiiiii-fltpil it to thn tiihcji with wiiumthry nnit* 
he irirmltlAnrp, their fun*, in wimLh tntuliupj 
ift unitHi, ilupf) iHit pMivp ihni iUv. Northt*rn and 
il yriiius wpip originally aHI^p. 'Ihoip piniliK- 
! eithpi which nip allowcil tn bir ot initial, anil {<$ 
I marks tW iinitiitiini, havr Mrtha)-fl no luher le- 
lU'P than that whiih ronniHinlv priuppitii tiuni thf 
opetAtion of fimilat fai ulti<v«). 
Mitt, imlrril, that aianii' inav lw%nf?ipjiPil forthii 
y of Niuihrrn ami C^imiiImI ptoiimMiiMi!*, without 
int* it to an pflrniiMl (liflrtrnir in thp original 
ition of the huniAn nndridaniliiig. 'I'lip iinagi- 
IB llion))ly aflriMpil hy fuiroumiin^ ol\jp^)fl, anil 
•I vigout hy fiiMjui'iit PMMiilP. tie ^^ho i'tpl.-M'iil 
mate wheie the Irrenity of the wetithiT lonilnitly 
n Itiin with hlu8 ikie.s luxuiiaut pUutalkuifi^ «.v\vl 



witiifi' liii it iq tn rvifl iii ft IrU lrtVi»iit«*il \tp 
Itlutic* v\liii iiiliivrit tfv itif^ inr Irtttpitry nt hi 
li) Wfttiii lofila, ittiil« iitltfHil «if hAfhing in ihr 

nitiiilll nil \]\f ininliilinil ||ifiMlin:i fi| iinhlir. Hit 
fii{.^r (iiiiil tli^ I cilij In llir )iU/i|t^ Itrftrill ni' 
iiiMnpr, will (rrlt. in llir r.^rii if'p i|| Iiiq trftfon, 

liMiiiiQ chilli ti<i iMiiiifii iiihl tit ttifi »tHitftt ritt 

«il lii« iitifl|.'ilinlinii. Cjiiiiil friifn ntnl jult iTdfii 
llirtrliiip |iii ilntittntttr ill 1«|9 |iiiictunMiii4. I'l 
WiMfit nf ht« lli^hiq, tt tiiriliniliiitl |tlitti, ttin 
tluMi^hl nti'l irili I'itiut, will fi|ipr(tr, lilt ptfuiniii 
t<*llt(titi iltp iirr{;iilfliitira iif lit rpdiiiiQ r^tirVt 

( 'iinlillriitly wiili tlii* thnttv wr rithl ('lirnl 
r^liilMtiii|r llir riiiiM )iti*liiirf«|M'> d riirq nf im 
tllilflMlitt^ rvriy tnot^it (nittittinif ni niiriitiiri 
fiMtfui liy (iitiiliri. mil itiiUnl rtrn/l in tlif< rr(r 
hilt liiflii iriitly nii:i|i>{Mnia lit (litl'i* ninl LMnltf) 
|f iii;ii|t>li. f>liiiii^' iiniiM'i )'. 4Mini If I Iriitiiiirnl 
Pit 1 1 vivdi it y III I • iMr (liMii^ nil III wliii ti a\r {\\r i 
livrly fdlii V, rtl> 1 13 i niiiluiil i li-.it ;trii-| illii o. 
t,tiv<il liiiMi , mill liio hilitilly nf iltrlopli v(ii q^ 
|i:il llir Inn f'l i^ii| In Mifliii IM I t lir ( )| ii-iit :|| Wl 
III Ir: mil llii III :nitv nl i|r itmii (I I it I ii i|i ^ tir- iiiu 
I li nil lif nipiMtifiii. flii't III hiliiiiil-: til llip (iiM 

(ll:ri"l| . I :ll !ii I ( I lilt I I In ilii'l :|irQ nl lli~. |i I lllll'i: 



lo. 167. M O K A r, Ic. 33J 



^O. CLXVII. CURbOllY RhMAKKh ON THH 
I'OKTHY OK THt IMlOlMIKTh, OK IhAIAH IN 
I'AKTlCl/i.AK, AND ON rili; HK.AUTIIiii OV 
UiULJCAL lUlLlKV IN (iUNkKAK. 



TlIK Sihylliitt; orurlrb i)W«il ihuir (nlcinn air, their 
ci'iidit, and ittL'ii puvirr ovifr ihtf I'auiy, in ilio 
lark ami tlilh' uli llyle in vvliiih iluy wiTir luinnufcj, 
/irgil'b I'ullio, rii|>|)iircil lu haii: hern wriiit'i) tium a 
lini taken IVuiu ilic [luikn nftltf SihyU, i& die tnnil ai|< 
nired iifhi^ Kiliiguet)} anJ u ^mat iliarc ut'ilir; jdiMlurtt 
Icrived irtnn the perufal tif it, i.» jullly aiiiihuiid in ihn 
udgnuMU of the pdci, in ]i:iiiii^ indie tn be uii'leilhuid 
ban iiu-ttii ihe e.(r. '1 Uc (nirlitKiin^'b of C'dilaiulia wure 
lot utteuik'd to liy the Tiojaiui and pt:ihaj)d the uucs 
eafiiu waii, that lUcy wen! liut ituuplriely iiiidciiiuod. 
rhfl v^ihhe:>in Mailu-ih add to (he leirilde UiUiiniiiy uf 
ironheiical iiuaiualion, hy itudaikiiefb uiul tiiiriiuiiilv. 

OhfLUiity Ieeiii6 to have- hern the ihaiatMeiiiiiL id ull 
vriliiigo piMeiiiling to juedi^tiuu, It irii.iiitly itit ivaled 
heir ijoeiiiiil luciU, thnu^^ii, ainuit^ the («ifi'k» <iiu| 
lomaHd, it wab pridiahly no luoie than a (ludiL-il ui ti- 
le^ tu isvade, if the eiciit did not i(iric()iiiiid lu the pro- 
ih^cy, the iiiiniitatioii <d iin|'i<lluie. 'J'hiia v^tic the 
ifadcb cd A)»ofli) dL-livrird iii anihi['ii<iiib phriite:> vvhicli 
rei|uently aduiiitcd a i:untrary, and aUvaya a doubttul, 
uler|^iretaiit)n. 

Without this artAd prnceeding, their authority had 
int heeu To Inug nuiniained. ricijiuMit tailuie, uiih< 
lut any fubierfuge to nielirve the ijrii|iheiii»il power nix-' 
iirpe^ied, would Touu have lilciucd the j)L-t|ihic jnieiteh, 
}UK wliile the x-ni^iuaiiial luedidiuu ineierwcd the ilig. 
lity of the oiui'le, hy ini)'iiiiii* awe, ii couliihuted to 
U i'erurity by taiditating evalion, 

The Sucietl l^Dpheiit'b have that oltiiuiity which dif- 
ingiiilhcb this fpet-ieb td' writing, 'the liual luufe oHt, 
lowevitrj Wfix lu eji;ci-circ tiic luiih and la^atity ot uuu- 



ni4 E S .<> A T S, No. iS7- I 

5!bJ. The Beauty which it adds to tho poetry nanot , 
lie fuppofrii 10 nrifc rrom dcfijiii or jkill in poeiryuu 
■rr. b<K is che nrccilary refult of n.iturni pi-opriaiy. Mi ' 
antw bu((t)cuiibnlievcr wlU fuppuJc ihat, lileethvoBultl 
Gi Dclphui, thtry admiitoi n doubtful, in order laid* 
mil A (touUlc conft>utlion. 
The piophecy of ITiiah sboundv in the lieaiitra t( \ 
mi poetry. The irAnnaiion h a liccral OM, udi 



tiinugh it m.iy be ftnind inaccurate by a Lowth on 
Kenniirot, will, I bcliev<, hardly admit of iinprovft- 
mcnt in forer, flmplicity, and Animation. It daei lio* 



Kennicot, will. I belie 
It in force, flmplidtj 

r IQ the fri-Iiiign of the [rRnnntort, wiio, though lb»]t 
r- performed their talk with fo much fpirit, hod o*- 
ihing rife in view but fidelity. To ttfinemeni tttti 
mile they made no pretenrionn j and that their worlf u 
fu well execntcd, muH huvc bcca owing to the exceU 
leiicc of their nntural fentitpent'. We h*ve fcvertl lite- 
rnl irsnfliitions of the ancient poeta into Jingliffi prali, 
which are in requeft among fchuoUboyi. fn ihefe «ra 
l!nd no remaint of that bcauiy which hai been cvt** 
brnied in every age from in firft produtlion. Few of 
(hck aie rrnilcTcti i\> raithftilly, worJ lor word, from 
their originals, is the Scriptures, whith. notwithlbnd- 
ing this di fad vantage, are the fublimclt and moA inte* 
KltlnR books, in the Englilh language. 

Th.'il they are thus excellent, it may indeed be (uif 
n not to be wondtrei! .it. They proceeded from that 
reil irjfpiraiion to which the celebrated wriceri of anti- 
f]uity only pretended. And if the enihufiafm, whicN 
thi' imaginary aifilSance of a fubuloui deity excited) 
i-wM diffufe thni captivating fpirit over the wurlci of > 
jiinniil poet which hns charnict) every lucceeding age, 
it will he an obviaui inference, that the genuine afHaini 
(if the ureat Author of the univerfe mult produce 1 
vvnric of eminent and uiii]ucilionabte beauty. Suck 
rcafcning is pl.iufible ; but, in tiie prefcnt caft, it may 
not be improper to obfcrve, that the divine infpiraiioa 
'^ratcd infiiiinn^iiK- nn iidher than in dilating troth 
"f futurity! 



rcprelrnn^ 
1 ih.it thH. 



m, by whii:li tliuie pririKiry ends are accomplifhedi 
c but coltateral a^d fubordinate cffiAi. Confidereil 



[o. 167. MORAL, f^c. 33S 

b iuL'hf every innn cil rcitumiL'tit firli tlifin iif a Tupe- 
ior kind, and if he ju(it>ra hy the nicnidn of liiti ini- 
ilH'uil)l«il Ku'ltn^h, mull at kni'wleiif/f, ihai ilioui'li 
liey urn loincitinu'-*! rfliuniilnl in lliHnrr, tliry Hra i'vl- 
loin m]Uiilli'ili anil m^vcr excel JctJ. '1 ake a view «( ihd 
luetical beuuiicii niriely at tlic |)n>ilu^tif)iib nl' Kaiuli, h 
'itry aniii'ni pout ot* Jiiiliiii, and liih wiiiin^^^ wilt liirdy 
jHiin the attention of a man ol Icitrri. ai much a^ tholti 
}f the native of %Sinvrna or ol Al'iiii. 

'l*hi*y who pretrnti to an exempt inn fmni prejudiie, 
ivtnce the futility (»!' their pieimiiioiih, vvtifln thry atiii- 
jute tho general Hdmiratimi nl the Suiptnieb, at com* 
loHcionSi to opiniook furuK-d in thi-ir favour in thr early 
jflriod of inlaniy. The tiuth ib, lUtft pirjudice:! which 
ihey have unieitiimahly aildpinl aj'.ii:ill ilu; dtK^iiine a de- 
lved from thole aniieni buok^, i'^^IimkI ilirinlidve.i id tliff 
Hyle and funtinieiit : Init, luirly, rviluliujul'ihe lolij'ioni 
;eHil<incy, and nt the ui[;UMienti» (or ilie aniheuiiiiiy of 
lh«> luiuici, thry claim a y,ii'M ili'^irr nl vi-iiL-iaiinn frorn 
tlitfir aniii|uiiyi and jullly rvuif thu aiirniiuu nt iriii- 
cirait at i.uiinufe Ipnimenft ol iJricutat loinpolitinn. 

li mi)* hi, indeed, liavr luini expn'lrd, Ironi I he ^e> 
nei'iil tulle, whitli at prelmt previiiU lor the ri<ni:iiiiM nf 
antieot JCn^lilh poetry, that tiinli' wnihn, whit h jullly 
boall a hii^hur anii<|nity than any id the prndu>'liniiii of 
North or Souih liniain. wouM have lireu iMiiicul.iily 
ref^arded. Jlur, while the hallad of a ntiiillrid, heau- 
tiful, perhaps, and well woiih pieleiviu^, hab hern re- 
covercil iViim ill tlull, and tfiiuniiiteil u» memory, tlm 
family llildi* hai hteti luirurei) Ui lie uun|ienril, nr li:i« 
bren p^jufed liy many only wiih .1 view 10 )iaiiifnl iin- 
provrmeiK, wiilmui an idea ol ilm poUiliiliiy nf drrivin^^ 
from it the rle|>ant plealmei itl li(ii\iiy eiiiuriainmr nr. 
Vet even ihe vul(>ar olun leel (he lull elJriM (d l>e.ni- 
tifft whiili they know not how lo point out s anil am 
aAiatied with a very Urou)* Ic nle id plralure, while they 
ar« rrailing the Stripiuicti lolely hum motives of ducy, 
ond tt.drhmot ediluaiion. lu iruih, amnii^; ihole wholi^ 
naiuial calle ik m>t corrupted Uy lallr rrlinemrnti whiih 
pvfhaoti ift the mail numerouii thouj^h not ihe mull dif- 
cinjjuiilied pnu of the cuuini unity, the iiiblc i« lead as 

^ atloidin^ 



AYS, No. 1(17. 

■IfptdUif ill ttit dHight of pttafinf; pottry nrfd Mflaryj 
aiul it may. iherffore, Julll)> be TniJ 10 be ih* noft 
jiuLiuUr biiolt in the Ennlilh lun^uags. 

llui b1! rcaJcTii, wl>«ilirr vulvar nr rsnntil, will Tully 
fee] Bfid NckniiwIi-iiftR thr ■tlmin>ble totichm nr luturt 
an4 rimplidty, which are uhlvrviblff tn many ptni of 
ihora nriliniti, ivill, pcrhapt, rccelv« atldilion*) M(- 
(ttVion, when they dilcover that ihHr Mlts Ii oftrn eon* 
formiible m clnffltal idem of Uiernfy exccllrntp. 

There is, In ihe prefrnt igr, n eery numrroui triba 
of rtraiirri, *hii have fiirmril ihcir lafle iind reniimenti 
from (he wriiint>i of (lie |ihiliir(i]>hcrt of Gnnevii, nml 
IVum the fii'piitiil fophillry of our own counrrymrn. 
They are kntiwri 10 tiinko pretcnrirmi cu a very uncom- 
mon tltflroe of fffinemc^t in (heir judjimeni of compo- 
lltiiin, and to condemn every work, whatever ntarki it 
■nil' beiar of a llrong, though uncullivated fteniut. 
which want! the Inll nollfh of drlicncy and cture^neri, 
and hii nothing Umilar in ihnfc niitdcni jirudoJUimi, 
with which alone they hava been conv»rfant. With aJI 
their boaflttl eomprchcnUon ofmEnd, they (tm lontnl 
iilem. wldeh mnv oprrate 111 (irihciplM in fn.mlnc 11 
j.ill ..[.inioi. „f th..r.- work., wl.id. wrrc i.;ri.|.'i),.riH-- 
ftiri! ilie inveiiiion of (yUemntic rulei. and licfore ni- 
tive fentimeni wii fupcrfedod by the feeble, ihoufrji 
rleKant, feelingtt of which we linalt in a very ndvanccil 
ftaie of civJliKaticin. Under thele unfavourable iircitof- 



feSinni, [he Bible appear* to them ni an allemhiage of 
groH'iiefa and vulffarifmi, which, therefore, without dt> 
icrinining upon the itutheniicity of it, they avoid read- 



ing, apprehending that they can derive no pleafure froB 
it, and that ihry may pollibly corrupt tliclr ilyle, and 
catch inelegance. 

With thefe it would be a vnhiiible point gaineif, for 
their own {A,-n a> wdl ui for f'icirty, if ihey could be 
prevailrd tin lii far lu lav jlidr iheir prejudice! ni 10 open 
ihc book, and judge of it from what they feel and re- 
mark on u fuir examinntirm. If they lould onrc be in- 
duced ID read it >viili nvidliy, from an expeftition of 
litnaty atniifrnicni, iheytould Icurrclyfail uf recciviiifi 
at the lame time, a more important bencru. 

Ii 



lo. 167. M R A L, kc. .^P 

fn an age like ihe ]Mt;frnt, whun all tinliTs are, in 
.ime dvif^iee, aiUi'heil 10 Iciteia, he icfii.iiiil) reiiilci« 
Ttrut fcrvice to rt;lil*ion, and coiili;i|iiriitly 10 lOL-iitiy, 
/ho unictftt ultfs4vi(U ilu-tilii^rvi iimi I'Kiiica ilic: atiu'iuioii 
f i\\o caielcfk HBil fLupriLiil 10 thulu' honk.^, or wliikli a 
infe of duty cHJuiiu the pcnifal, by (eiun^ tli«it' bt-au- 
itfs in a now or a llrim^t:i' liglit. 

And that thu opinion ui the pctruliar beuutieb of 
fatah i» not lingular, il it 'u ncrufliuy t>) iipiKal 10 an/ 
ihur proof than the lounuon tddiiig^ ut Miaiikiiul, u 
vident from thu judgment of a jiopular imiui lU nur 
wn, who, ati he wm indirputably a poet liinil.-it, will 
le allowed, by the nudl rigid I'liiicb, tu be a rtiniju-teuc 
jjge of puetryt Mr. i'ojie'k Mi'lhuh ib out; ui ilic bfit 
nuwn and inoU ellceniud of hib lliorUT vvoilo i but that 
: Jerived its chief ntuiit from liaiah ilii'ie lan Uc 110 
oiihc, and (he aniiiibit: poci k-li u pkariin* in uckuow- 
adge. Though lufpci'lcd m ha\o burn K !» a f'lii-'n.i 
3 religion than to virtue, hi: nek'lci'li.d not ihc up. 
oriuniiy which thib pnltoral ati'tudi-d. tt) funu a c.nu- 
grifon between lliiiuh aud Virgil, in a tew parallel 
afiagcH, fairly eKiiibiu'ii iu a iraulladuu tijuully literal, 
nd to exhibit the Drirutal noM to greut udvamagi'. 
There are many parodies, inutaiionb, and puraplini.'i 
f ihik anintated piophei'b poutry, all which, ui the 
ime time that they evince huw iliilii nil hi^ i:\i\lliMii h a 
re to be ei|ualled, are priuifb that lie Jub lecn gene- 
illy admired an n piict. 

JiuCi after all, the reader mull judge of the facrcj 
writings for hinib-U. 11 he aitcnd.^ to what he iV-uls, 
nd layi alide prepuHl-'llion, hib judf>u)t-nt will bi^ fa- 
ourable and jull. To rcnioie a lingle prejudice, 
/hich can prevent the univerlal aciepiauce of bijidib tjf 
niverlal cuncuin, ib ui tonuiliute }<i.'<olv to ihi: giitr^ 
a1 happinelVft An attruij>t to ji-uln ilu' ^ ii.|iliL*iii! 
/riterb ubjertb uf partiiuiar atictitii n, in .iu ai^c w\un 
ur mod iuj^enioub ihunln.-illa are iui|Jo)id in illulhai- 
]g chcir me miug ai a iiLiiir>: wiicl) ril.ililiiKcd lur ihic 
urpi>fe| mull, at leall, have the nicrii ul beitig welN 
imed. 

And fnrelv every one who wiihi':i to proinmc the ilt!« 
rable co4luiun ul luiU ^ iih pici), mud accept, vmiIi 

Vol. 11. ij^ ^n:*.- 



jjS ESSAYS, Nfl. i&l. 

f[r)ititut!r, the Inbouri of th« vrnerabla Lowtli, whoft 
cCiurM nil ilic Cucred pomr^ of ih? Helrrowa, Rndob* 
rcrvatioiii on UVuh, have difplayril. in blblkul llnn> 
tUTS, ihe uiiGXpcflfkl duvma of clallic elef^nnce. 



No. CLXVIII. ON I'RIiAC.IINQ ANU SU- 
MON WRITIHS, 



F 



EW innitutiona can contribute more to prefr 

civiluntton, and nromnie miirnl »tiil iniflletl 

nrovBmcDt nmong nil ranki of ]]cu|ilr, ili*ii titi) |1U> 



iluntton, and nromnie miirnl »tiil ini«llet1u>l 
iinprovBrncDt nmong nil ranki of ]]cu|ilr, i1i*ii i 
liliihmviit of public Ic^uiei, Iti every part of tli 



(lorn, ptiiudimlly refcattd alUt ■ Ihori intervnl, 

Sucii ia ili« light III which ire id bs ciinlidctrd th« 
(lifcoutfct ap))oini«d liy iha wSfdom of the church, N 
bo every where read on the r«curr«iico of the fevcnth 
(lay. B/ ihefs the mennelt and the moH I11ite»KMt 
fnnbled to lirar moral and phUofuphltal triatiro « 
every llihip ihnt ciuicerni (heir {fvci-jil Uuilcj. wlthiiui 

And nh«ieviT !■ ur)>ed liy mm who arc ill-nUcflcd lo 
all reli^ioiii iiillitiiiitin*. tliere ii no doubt but thu 

Sreat [loliticnl, na well ni moritl, benefit is derived to 
icioty from a pr/idice thiu univrii'jl. But it i* a mif- 
fonune long ugo Umcnti'd, thnt men are incupablecF 
cnininiin]; tno mil laliic- of ndvantnj^ei, till expcrian« 
haa Hiewn what it it to wnni them. 

It U ctrtninly tnir, ihflt liiicc tha acquifiiiDn ef 
bnok* h» been fiicilitnted hy their numtieri, oral in* 
Iti'uC^ion ii reiidried lefa neccdiiry. Hut thoii[;h hoeb 
nre ealily procured, jet, even in thU age of infuimi- 
linn, (here arc ikunliindi in the louver clafTei who rin- 
not read. Bcfidea, ii ii n well-known truth, thai the 
fame precept* inculcated by a living inllrnflor, adorned 
by a proper tirntory. cnforceil by a fcrioua xnd aulho- 
riiBtivi manner, nrodiicc a powerful fDVfl, not to Im 
eiiperienced in (oliiury retimneiit. 'I'licrc i) likowIAi 
fympntliy cominunicaceJ in a numcrnui audience, whlci 
Mtachc* the mind more Atun^ly to ilie lubjeCI. 



No. 168. MORA L. &c. 3jf 

The obvioui uitlity of ilifcourfn from the pulpic i» 
proved by the iltcinoiiii of rHin-riciuT, l<'or, notwith- 
llandiiig the compUinta uf^uinit the levity and profane- 
ncfb of the age, chiirchci arc* i\'\\\ frei|uriutd with ap- 
parent pleafurr. And to he pliu'ed in a fuuution where 
a good preuiher prelldes, is by many efleemed a very 
cflenttal requifitc to an agreeable retreai. 

Por excellent prenchem this nation has been lon|^ 
dillinguilhed ; excellent, not fo jniuh in the tulent.i of 
au orator, as in the conipofiiion of difcourfen. With 
an uncultivated voice, in an iimouth manner, accom- 
panied with awkward attitudeii, tliry have ilelivered ha- 
rangueb fcanely excelled in the fi lionh of Atlienn. Ai 
the French have exhibited their rhar.'u^trrilUc levity 
even in their boalled fermom, fu the I'jiglilh have dil- 
played their natural folidiiy. 

'rhe fermonn of the bill century are indeed too long 
for the attrntion of nindein iniloli'uce, tiut they abound 
with beauty that would reward it. Jeremy Taylor pof- 
fefled an invention piofufely feitile ; a warm, rich, lively 
imaginatif)n ; a profound knijwled^e lA' authori, iacred 
and profane, poetical, hilioriiul, piiilufopliical. Ho 
hai embellilhed his fermonn with ciuiiiouft from them, 
and has interwoven their gold into the rich tiil'ue of hii 
own compofiiion. 

Nearly at the fame time with Taylor arofe Ifaac 
Barrow, a mighty genius, wlinie aidour was capa* 
ble of accomplilhing all it undertouk. The tide of hit 
eloquence iUnvn with fnxioili yet irrefillilde r.i|)idiiy. 
HetreaCii his fubjeiM almod with niaihi-niiiical piecilinn, 
and never leavei it till he hai exhauUed it. It ha^ been 
fald» that a late iiiull popular oratm- nt the lloide of 
ijOrds ad'rrted, thai he ovved iioh li at (in* (ire of hii ehj- 
quence to the Itudv of llairow. 

Jlife editor, Tiflotfuu, ii innu* |M.|.iil.ir. jlj-. itieiit 
i$ unquellionably tMent, ami !ii-i i.nii- ha. been eAtendril 
10 very exalted heiL',hi'> by ihe j)iail>'-> i.>i Adiiiloii. lie; 
writea with fuflicient juib'tnent aiid )ii-ii|iii nity ; but 
there are thofe who vi;ntuie to iu;>[Mll, ili:;i he ha.i been 
too much celebrated a;i a model oj loie i'tniporuiou. 
They allow biin every praife .t* a uioll e\ielleiii »bviiie ; 
but when they conlidcr iiim as a wiiU'i, they iliiuk Uv^ 



mriixl* RitBhi Um* bMA fltmif, and hf* rTiyihm mon 
nnrii>i)nioui> 

Shnifi tint liHii julUy rclrbraled fur tliv iicrriiiLuiiyuf 
liii llvU-, mid (lie arJanl How of ii<ufI'«fkJ jikiy. 

Of H tciy Jill'iiifiit I'liiitrftlur I'nini (haio, Suuih hu 
oliuinril ■ Rirai Sli>l d«rervr>l rrputitlioii, Wit <wu hil 
tHivnt, yci Ii' iifirn reuihca fuliiimiiv. He U, liimcvtr, 
f)ii<t (if iliiilig iiuilinPi uhu li lo b« NdmirvJ rnitl not Iml- 
tuud. 'I'd (xclro a laugh fimm the piiliiji, 1> to infplW 
tlin hifiirr will) I Irvliy a( mnpet iil-ndnmvil to ihe ln< 
ilnludirr iif ilevuilonnl fcclliiin. Thr t.illr iif i lif n^n tn 

tvlii^liSoiitlillourHlieJ^HVL-ctnihi .i.l, .' \...»U. 

rlty, Bui tlioiiohit it tnm ihni il" ' .i' S| 11,.!-* 

loiind vhfir mile armifi'-.! ill til.- I !.■ ..'i'. Wf. 

Jnont, y« llic m»n nf for|i>iji jiii!( .iii... ,i' in ,>vn 

iiinny lollilnrpunirm", mtin)' judiuimi uMcj uim.ih.. tnd 
iimHylliH'ei'iin-irmiiii.iirhi n jt'i-'U diml t'firuPclaijucnHi 
iiiicrmiiicd wlili a Ti'iii-i iil' julIjIl- •iiigruint. 

Tlia rigncinut L'lnrltr pritcnilctl not to wil> Kl 
•flp^eil ni)t thr iiiil<lliauttii'iiiiiil(iiU of rhvtarlc. Hi 
rnre\y rcichn ihv rubllinr, nr iilnii «t ihs jMtlirilB) 

l>,M ill rt .l.':ir. m v. Iti^iiin HyW, ho drfivPn th* 

l„.,ll ji„|mil.,H,I..aiim-, Ohiiniira i.n rvr-,v ,„-,„r,.u 
by.vHl.iin.lif.l,,«II.K,', nomi.upim 
i lliinliig urotor, iicvntding tn iht- iiK'i 
he wilt n very ui'irrHbln ai ivcll ui iilvt 
tvu tint perfeiliy (inh'idiin In l.ii ..pi 

Unties wliJCh llHi luivtiiril hi'r •! i 

Ctrinin it it, Ihnt lie would li.ix- . . 
wiirM, hud hecinlincd hit InU >. u- 
SpFCulative nnd |icileiiiinil divJiinj . 
ii;c|itinfm, witliuui ci'imibLiiiinj auy i 
lor mill Ion. 

'I'liB rcrtnoni ihnt hnvc Iicfh prmihed lit Bcylt't 
I.edu'e* are uniong iliu lull iii[;ut<l in ihe languii(«. 
'i'hty hiifD been iho labiiurcLt luodiiiliiiii) iiT liw nwil 
ini-rniou. mrn. Il»t the ^vlu>lo >.>Ur.-lioii i.r.crdld to 
i.iiuh |:..odm n fi<,):lr).i;„-|i,,.! difr.nirl.. t,( Titlotfofl. 

A III- il Ml- I ■! . r I . l.r, ■, ML r lli< Ii-IIBDIII imbltbly 
1.1-1 I I 1 ■■■■ ni; lii« LiilrnipoiariM, who 

III.. "1. .,;..'!. .... I,, hi, ,m>.lu (i|~ ilellv«ry 
i>> ilu I uij.Ji , I'll I III' I .ui' I 1.1)1, it wut luih u would 



, iriir IVU1 not 
I (il ihdtoiiiiiiaii 



""K " 



liln- 



N'.i, I Ah. M II U a I« ^i- 14 1' 

I |m l»'k'll|d h« it'tVi; l(lt»M*tl|i •••! (lt«- CMty |i|'UilHll.< IHi:UlMlt 

hI f4iMii:|llii^l |l|i; iiHi1»:ilUii>liii|i In llt^ lu^hMihi|j n\ ilia 

|iSM»l'M| •4Uil llll* |l«|ltl'l|t>i «il lilt. I l>i(». 

(*'<ft^l*i f'M * lti« |«iH' [! fiUi Ml hlMMlM, i.illli-fti. t <tll 

•tlM*|l(fc-iit >^ iit-Mi>ii>>, |iiii|ili', ^11 • i'lfilit I 4 4thf li»"it.l .till 
Ail ihtltliiiUil i*U (i<iii« »• ltl•t•ll^ lilii l() 'i; 111- (• i iii.T ill 
ll.iii; .iitfiiiik'it in tliHt iiltk. jii*t|tiiik^iii^ l^ltlili tt>t<i{iii;i1 llii- 

l>i|ii»< •t)|iiii4|(»: |i.( <l lilltii , •! •)(' , Mil •|»f|it^lll}t ••! i-iiii^iiu 
^U'i"il l|i <l |li •ili.lUil • l||ilttl^lil| It )» Wlilk^l^il 0l|i<»Vf«llK- 

t'tl* '';)'■■*'' *'**} )''' >■ li'ti hitMiiii li-ift iiiji 'ii|i b'l Ift * iidfll Mm 't 
liy ^.(.'(..((Mi llf li-Mil»<M« »<f l^iigk't* 'I li^'t Hit; I l.| )|b It 
HIMt ImIi'I ••••1 tMJiii^ii « iilt ift^iii iiUtitiU t'>il»^. 

^SHit\ llftH lllMllllbil 4 (. IW'li 'linl ilil.lVtfil )<l||)l|lfl|U|'. 

\N'hii ii iiitt .(u.l i|ii<niiM Uii* ^ i<>- i«ii.tiiiitiil 4« tiili4 

jUillOM'^iiit thiUl't* liii- ijk'tiAii'illl)' mI (Itiifk; H»i}fk.M ^iin 

fllt>i*t III liu (liltV^lVj \t^ lllfllMfl*t« 111 iMillht mi^lllllt^tlij 

Mii4 111 ]iiit MiiwrKo UH liuiii'iH lifk A I^M^-ii- iiini- 

CMUM Mi||it»^HIII titlli fill «l lUi'^Mlillll tif Wllitl'lhllilllilli , 
III I l«lti<»V HM |lM«V tl li| t»l^ Il«t4 itiS Ikltt lit \^\¥u »u' 
P«llM )»U«llUlii WllllMMI U^Uly 

liHi.|» ill* lliit iNMlf IMft^Mlm ill Hill tliigUlli l^tilhiil 
WMUMi ikflllMllvlftMf »tlMlltMl0lipllvli|i.a. (^'llll, Hllllvt-iy 
Ijliiftl NIMllj |N>ltl'U Hill itib lti|im4iltili Mf irfiiinikflllli' *iil 

«|lllfilllyi I'll KllillllkSlilU itli^lM rill «l>k^iii nil i.ii*1UU »-lll< a 
III III IIM bwilJI* III lh« |L|i|stllll liiii^iltoijt: t»4k |l|ii»: tiiiMll 
|if Hill MllHtf N l)lM:ft;rtlHH« #• nl li^lliiMli* , dHit III t\»*4U ill 
|tViM|l HiiUU VWllll n»:UilMHI| U IkH i'IiMI llkli llllHllli«|l 4 
iMHtHlihi llu iitilt nt III* luiMlvi- 

ilf liiU llii^iii lifivu 'i|4|ii;fiii;il |«hIi1U4I|iiii^ III Ii^IIMmHh 
^itiili;||i.») lif iikWiiiin III |i.iilliii|.»i 4^M iti •Ull-liliUiiH«« 
'J'li*|il|||ii Imiii^ ii( ilit^iii ».*tiltilii.i1 .« Illicitly ttiiifii uUi 
f|||»:||iL-^ fiint v«i:|b !»;• i:)i-»^>t t^llti pii-'il •i|i|it'lll|is, |fi;i llii'V 
l^uii: IMM lliin It Miii<iii|f iiUtl^ <iiiii« \\\*t' iiHiiiv |>liti1« h( 

h^*lM| |lM(t^(l»'*l 'I h*' t*! ilU.l.i M liii 1( •lE.lii'ill.i (lit II ||iill||»l|l| 
Mlli li'illt li^i iiilii<ilk>« III lifii liiii^; I liL.)* ••iitiiU.il ilii. 

llltH^htfi'Uili^ •Mill iMMiblliiti-.o I Hill ill •! I III !•• 'ii I I Iftii I III- -, 
Iflfl iif llifci illiiiMI Itiiiiitliip liilli t ii't !•'' iii'.iii 

<3k<| IH>'|i>'i IV III I It I •||||». |>ii ill I iili III. • • l.ii , ( III II .III. I 
f^ jlt^lli'l i l|t|||i u i(f il».|> k-iiiliii|: i»i |.i.i!i.iiii f.inli ii|i 

itli^l** III ^*lull•ll|t^ -"lut !•• I ^ iili.l (•illiii I III- |i«|<|illii I • 

III iM(I||K)m«I i» t Hill i.n»f •! ill iU»' ^ti K i\ >\\\%\x \A \\\x\\ 

I J * v \\\V * 



u> 



I s 






A Y 



«»i 



No. iiM^. 



«lii«ppin|} iinii rn tii •) inio \\\p v\\]y\y of oMiviiMi. 

It la 111 lu* Innii nil •!. iNii ihi olnnno nid) in«^t-rliirin\i» 
rinlipilillnnrui 1 i>( t)ii> (u)h=iIh in) \\ Md'i nio nioio mmii- 
iiiiMiIv iinilrUiil Im \ii|Iim! pii-:iihin. (ii-ii itir* i lii^lli t 
Ifrniitii ? i<( ilti (iMiMi) ili\M)(>, I'lup ln)tj)iin}}i*« n* ii i« 
«nllii). \\\\U a U \\ ill* Itiii li ItPliluriH^ Hi)«l ailillf (lr« lit 
ilii> jinliioii-. nfirn iiuillnnti' \\\** u lii^Ii* inoril ni ilil' 
««Mnfi9 nii-:ii )«• •{ l<i (till- ili^ nirit nmurtiMP ( oiu*iruit 
iii'Mi in ilii' nii-ti i>|<i«li'. . 

riip p;i(liM7 i>l till I.iii:i:| liniK: IiImi1I\- nlli'iM Pii|MI - 
l«ii»\ I' vj. nij'tii n \ PiiTilum! |7 riii of t)ii' pmli r( . 

(i rl|l:ll Il1ii-ni-- ■«( oIm iniini: ll. It Ml\iri>-; |i|i :l|i q |hp 
«ulr:n • |>i«*t<.ii<I\ III I iiH>- It iiMui-\e ||ii- ii|i i «)i inniii- 
ili:iii- in(i«ii It iiMi ll i; iini- mIIo. |h:i| |i\ pit nlinu tti<* 
iul|?:)i. II IV • u^ilil* •{ III n(}>i') tlii-ni. Uut \«l ttli-if'nip 
tii:ni\ ll ndnn lii |mi|i-|)| i|: i i i I'pliiMI nilMMl^ f)l(*iMiti 
I li'iiQ ll iiin\ I riiii> |Ki> pnltiiiMC. il ninV < OllllliiMUi :iip A 

iiioiniiiinn III nf ili'^iMinil; I'lil liiiin iio httltv pliiillU- 
liiMi II I ;ui li-MiMii 111' tiMli-i'i I'l <iilii). ll 14, iinlt'i'il, Icl- 
• ii'in ll ll inpti ll I'lil lt\ llii> liipit (it ml . I lir }.Mr;|lf'il ili 
liiii ii<'i I I'll pii{iini|«iiii<ii' iiiiMU')ili>l'i^ |<i(iMi 
iii.,ii III in> • fliilii'ii iif iMi iiiiMiii III. Imii II > • •* 
• ! < ! >. -i I -ll I > I I.I I.I ll I I nil -1 11 ■! I 11 • I n I If I Kill I 'I'll I ll -11 

I , : I- ii ii I nil ■!! \*i I 11 • I Miii t • I I II ( I <l nil 1 1 I ll ll 

I ' , < ! I ii nil t ■ I:.. I -I I -ll ll> •! U I I tliMil II I II 1 1 ll Mill I . |ii: t 
llii niii-.irii i'( III |'iiini>l fiiiiiiii)-: i- i |'ii>i-( lliil lint 
^\ I ■! lit >l It I I* • III I :i I |M ii' i II I I III I \\ til • IM >(ii I7 I til -I Im 

lilii. i<( I I lull iii-i^. iii'iiiiii. Iifili iiiiliiit III iMii 



» ! I I 

I 'l. 1 

II >l 
1-( 



ll III I .III III- |M • III! ll II II . ! ll 



n 



III ll 



lint I III V 1 1 (•• M iiii!i| 



« 1 1 1 I i ■ - ll I 1 1 ■ I • I . ■ ! 1 • i' i . 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I -I I It M I I I I 1 1 I > i I 1 1 I Ii 1 1 

{ ! 1 1 « 1 1 ■ . 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 i ' I 1 1 1 1 ■ ! I I - ( t 1 1 1 I I n ■ I • 

.\ I- ll II ll I !ii'<< w 1. • 1 ; 'I . ; ■ II • I 111 \ I •! I ll I Ml I ji - . 'I |- 1 lit I -1 1 

I ■ ■ 

« I Mil } ■ ! n II I III I-. ■ II HI ll !i . I 11 1 1 ll 1 nil Ml n 1 I'l • • mm- m 
( lit- !• 1 1 I \ nil I • I \ nil -I 1 1 • "i I ■. 



■■' 1 



• ill r . I I I Mil 1. I 1 1 '1 I. 



I 



\- . I I I I J-. • I ll I.I Ini p 

I III I I I I 1 It I III M'. I I • Ml )■ 



, !.. 



ll 1 \'. 
I 



-. I >. ' . • I ■ ( . I I n I I I ill 



1 III I • ^^ 1 - I I I III! I\ III II 

Mill 1 1 1 1 1 -i! Ill . • ! . \i I I ll • • iiii ll 

II -Ulli II I ill 
• »!• ll. lllll 

t I -. I • 



.line I » • I ■. 

. . Ml !■ I- \ I 

• III I I II ; 



I ■ ! • 1 1 • . I • .1 -.1 III I ' ■ I > ■ 
I ' . I I . I I 



I 



l.ii. 



I -1 I 'f . I;- ll 



• III-. .11 -. 1 ■ 1 1 1 1 ' 
t ' I I I , I I I I . I : I . ■ '■ . ' 



II i 



i II 



. ,-■ - I I 
. ■ I ■ |- I . ■ ■ I ' I I I , III MA t t I I 

I I > I .- I n I n I ill! M ll 



.III 



uj» MORA l.« ^c. 3i|3 

I'tfa hd may iHcaih i(, ctiiil iUcy iiuy hciir ii, Mud 
til L'uiuiiuic uiii'iJii\i:rii:tl hciiilu-iit. 
ry cunurcuiiiiiiii nl ical kliiilliana willtub tti fiiti! 
•I'Hlity (Itfitui uii htnii (iii)tiiiii;, ami (oiitiiiiicil liy 
IuihI |)ri:ci:|ita, iluin fuliuiicil, imtii: luuii tJic pul 
(niiu iiii urctili:. Sui|iUiiitl Iciuguitui* ii> uui uu-ic 
lull if it WLir, a |ircrHilii:r lliiMililict iiuitivi;* at 
xcluili: ultt-uiaiUin. In tiuili, Im never a|iiiuaib in 
railvauiiiLi:, than uhtii hu rt-uiiio ii» tui^Li hU itwu 
Mice, auif ID litlu liglti lit hiiiilcU In iliu i^tiucll 
[Ilia CiUiluavuuu ui |iriMiiuic ihc wullaic; ut Itlb au- 



^LXIK. UN VMt Nhdl.hiT ii¥ ANilhNL« 
AUTHOHb. IN A l.kTTtK. 



{OUCill it lie tru0, aa you reinaik, tliaij in ilii: 
prtfanK iimet, Iciirning u iiniverlally aihniirit^ 
e charatUrnf a man ut lallc and Ititcib lb aric^ti.) 
ly in cdIIoudi, hut in \ntUic liiilcaj not mily liy 
iforuiihtfi', but hy the U»du and ihc coHiimtlii yci 
) lie laiiiunict), 1I1.1C \\\0fc Uciiu to rvmain no gc« 
lilitli tor loliil ciulUuuu, vtiy liulis veneration for 
imilalile luuiJuillona ol CiUiii: and Unun:, and 
ilighl attention to ilie moie altllinte litunLen, atui 
:i«dili(i|uiiiii<jiiii. We read hirideainiei toraiuule- 
fur mere paltiniu, wJiiiii diy alignment and cini- 
realoniiig lannoi aUvaya rmniili l'i|^lH» airy, 
cial idm|ioUiionb, wiilioui taii[|;ning tlie iniwlUi:'!, 
the iina|<inaiion i and Im iliu l.tku ol tliia eni|iiy 
'tiuiit to lltib iiululLind id i Lading ia oiu* liiiip 
d, wiiliout rugaril lo ini|>iuveniciU td inoiaUt or 
mneni (d nnilcrltanding. 

n nrgl(uMlit):> ilic wriifib id aniii|nitv. wc liiiumis 
nt id till it liuaniii.1, vainly l(i|i)iiili: thai iXiul- 
ib I'unlinud tu niudini aiiilhiia, and ili.il ttie 
tb tail lic ailniiii.:d unly hy |irL)iidiic anti Id^uli). 
they who arw itally rtnlihlu ul ihc c>iCi:lluiuc ui 



,11^1 



m B S 8 A Y 8. No. H 

■he cltffin, Mt wUIInc btciuTf th«y haw ntfileflfil ihi 
ftudy orthini, tu tl^frfrUlr rh*ir mrriti, anil i« t<iv 
tiiiiiio ih» infuniy r>r mU l|[miniiicc, by prtlcnilliig ihm 

Ihi lin»»lrtl]^e nt ihrni U iu>i ilcO'nlilf. linin* ilic>nt 
■Iff wliii, il>ini[>li ihey piolcli im Hiliiilni(liin t>( ihi 
finLifiih, rrdtl thvm imi In l)if iji'lBliinl>, litrCHurv ihfjT 
ihihk ll podililr, wiilinui the Utiiiiiir uf loattliig ihtir 
KititiuilM will) ilfDil lnn{tuii)|<?<, to uitr nil ihrlr twiuiitt 
thfouffh lh« mrJium of iraotlAtii^n). 

To !h»r» *Hi<. iilHim. ihm •nft.imiinilnn of ihf «»■ 
Itenit l» ImmiliriJ 0" prPimlice. it it fiitfiiii-nt to r([ityi 
ili.it \\\e tinuiilmiiut umiluiili' nt wliuir nnttona, hit inun/ 
ifitit, ruiuiiit, ivltli (lie i|>|ii->iritni>< of rrAliiii, lie miri- 
klilfil in lm|illflt niiNclliKpni, cii ip:n«rHnt WonUcr. 

At iot i)u>C(f v.\\i) ronikmii tli« iiitek and I.ntiii «u< 
ihort. bfcnul'p ihoywlll iini ukc the |»lni tounJctlUnd < 
tticm. thry uip tp br (citruivd fiir lliclr imlnlenco, mi 
■Icfl'ili'il t'"r llivlr Hrt!fii;<i t niiit ihry who rrnd n Hiirnwi , 
«l N VlrfU 1(1 nn I'liulifli Itmillniiiiii, huwrvtr woll oH* 
liirmi>il| mull Ir U'\S, ilmt \Ury will riirin iin livittr Ulli 
W'thc ln»iipri'llibl<' ninii-^ i.f ilirlW ii.xin, tliun ilirj wr.utf* 
i-M'ivi. .W ilif iiMill,.i-|Mor, nl H IU|.linrl i>, a l.,ilili., 
Ii.<m .licUuLln^rt u »im' (.<|iyiil. Ii> iht- ii>m>ltil»<it 
rimii niio lun^iinuc to nnotliFr, m it hai titm rit-i)Uti'tly 
miiHikfil, ihr rpiHi rvnptiiktei, imd fclilum any ihinf 



I I"i H;iiilrn.J iL' ,1 niinU-iii l.ii>(Tii(iiri'. Tlicy ivho 

r.»i'rr,inlUtii>u«oii{v, tire lilta tliuir who view thij||ttl« 
)l {I liciiniil'iil |<ii'i r t>r' trijii'lli)' nil iht wrung (Idt. 

I iiuill thru d.iriiollly rvL-uinmcnd it to yuu, if you 
villi lu iNltr thr xetiiiliia l\vtrt> at llii- clillit.' llrtiim*, la 
liiiil. nt ihr (uuntaiii. 



No. CLXX, 



Nit» 1^1^. 



M (> u A r,. ^v. 



u% 



tmrmm 



Nm. i'l.\\ nfsr llttr tirnUPMirNr UP A 

roPNtnv imwn. in a i.ts|ii:n. 









•aa 



tt I It, 

l^yjV ImiItI ll'til .» IiIi I nil ^ I'l'li** in lit* I 'nlli'Mie I 
|y| ImM ;m llii f'tlllHr «^ t4 lill|:f. Ilt> \\(\9 Ipt'lMi* III 

tH Im ItM It liiM;i(inM<« ii« iNf utMltl, ft-i ^indil ^n»> ii« mm 
t^pprtiiniiiv iif rti i|MiMHr I »li>i fill plW^ifioM, i( ^vh fliniilil 
itt«l t<M )^ 'iiiii(ii) III iiiii ImIi f •■ li u 'M iKv till. n()»-t iiii\ 



in^ M'i>'IVpi| •! I'mriiiti' i>l I I'lfti- mI '■•liii fllinii. in tii> }M|I 
ftl'pi •Milii !< Ill ft ^l'lli•■••i iMiliiU'l^ ;it tltf> IX (>l) iMiil !•( llu- 
tiMMI. \j <"|MI '••• 1 tl 'I • ••(•I ••' KM (ilHf, t IpI |i|t fill- 

|1t\ I'll : |l|ilt tlliMl^'.ll I t 'iMiml liii'llt lll'll I I'll! \\'\.- ii) fl 

Vf-i I lll^Ml \y\\ ^ \'\, Im MMiiiliiiii 'iiiil (ill^'tlil1. I llttil 

|tl t IHMIt):il> il. Ml lltH fi'i' III (iiil). rt IlilU lullii i»<Ml III 
•fUtlilM ItlH III li\f' tM !l t MMili<tl'(t«W llmillli I , |\il)|lMII lliM 

fiii^ifiv fiiiil I Miiliiii'Mii III i'( M til»' A Ii'iiiiIImimm l••^'M y- 
frnm !| l»*l»ninu mI in\ n if^. Ml •mii f •ti-li'i |t|ui^il im., \t\ 
iin liMtn nipiiiiftlbil iiiii'|iiiii|i. In ItH nft !t| |imiii»* iiil1« 

fltltl I*-IH»' 

I llMll •tl^'tye >*|l|t I I litli l1 JJI-'ll li|i"| n( ll»l» )|f1p|«ilii>ri 

!•( living in Oim imhiiIiv. Ii ivi-*. hnli •"(, it't|ii|.|| jii 
|i|||i Wllii \\m\ \U\*-\\ Iii-h (I'ily V'"Mi ill M it ltd V i« 'itf ttnuli . 
mtlitlfl iht* lUlli I'IMi'Im'. Mini iii«ilF n[ llti> NtnliMi : nijit 
t^ llll h*t(1 l>*|il|'ttt III iiti> !iii ••«• itiliiifi Iti'iiiml ||i» i'ili»' 
ItlMll^ III ttilllHUi iM lli^ tiMii liup |iiH>'i« nl ltii|(ii»v 

i^ni^ MUitiiil*!^. wliilf I ^xn< iiinUiMn in in\ nt!>iil |I|.* 
iltlfil •*' iMliU'lit* III. t I)<I|i|<»>Iiim1 Ii« I ;iii in V III* ml mii 

fnlv»»i ll'i»iii»*ni in ill*' H'-ix o pi|'»'t. lit i^liiili •! IkhiIf, 
U'IiiIhIi, fiiiit niiMiiiiU, in 'I in'iii>i| |ii««ii, 'iImmii li\»'iiiii| 
(iiilM niltf^ (t"iit lipnilfii). v i-t" tinni'iini "il lit l*^ Ui i\% 
liWt |*iiiiinU fl M"\r. I Ium ii'i'^'Mfil In in»* i<mi fiilvfiiilM- 
Ui*f)lio n l'!«i|jniii In III* n^•^I^M^l■|| 1 liM, \**\\ Mntll Icmih%, 

J gftve rt ImiihIuiI n )«ni (>ii iim llirp. tliffUi>!i nl w tiii rt 

I J r. \\ \* 



r 
% 



34$ B S S A y 5, No. 170.^ 

wti no more thun thrte yards by four ; and here were 
twenty luet orUnd, ind Bmanlion ihai wouldconiain 
mv huufe ten tiinr» over, to be let for half (he munay. 
Tberc (v.is no time to be loll : I that up Oiop. took my 
wife tni ftmily dnwn, and fettled imnicdiaTcly. 

At I did not go into tlii; country on an wconotnicat 

flan, I wai refolved to launch otita little, and live, m 
could very well aflorj it, in a moderately {■eniocl Ityl*. 
1 fci up a polt>chaife, kept feveral liorfes, and twft 
livery- lervunt*. I'his anpcurance placed me on a level 
with the tiell fumiliei in the nclglibourhood, and ac- 
cordingly 1 was vifiied by all who cluimed the tank of 
geiulerolk). 

But, alad I found not, in thii place, that happintA 
which 1 expected. I have baen convinced by eNp»* 
rience, that a market town in not a proper (iluation for 
ihe retirement of ihofe who wilh to title the ploafurei ol 
rural life, and to pafa the evening of their dav> in • 
Dale of tranquillity, I'hat you may judge of tne im* 
propriety of luch a retreat, 1 Ihall give you an nccouai 
cf my reception in it, and of feveral ciKumAanciii 
which render it Icfs fit for the enjoyments of thofe 
pcatelu! and duiiiclUc plcnfuici, which every one who 
fetirca from buriucfs expef^i, than the noifielt llrcet in 
the mctropolli of th« empire. 

The firft vifita were paid at from' mottvei of curiofitr, 
underihe pretence of politenefa. Our perfoni. ourad- 
dreU, our charuderi, were examined tvith all the feve* 
lity of criticifm, but without the candour of benevo* 
lence. The varioua remarlct that were made, furnilhcd, 
with improvemeiitt and embellilhmenta, an tnexhaull- 
Ible fund of convurfatioii for the next three monthii 
and 1 have had an opporiunliy of procuring the literal 
report! of one or two of our cxamincri, which, 11 
ilioy have entertained me, 1 lliall communicate for you 
amufemeni. 

In the morning;, after her jirtl viflt, the 'fouire'i wifl 
fct out to enfe her mind of the burden of iniellif;ence un> 
dcr which it laboured ; which Oie did, in eveiy houle 
iiir entered, in nearly the following wordi : 

■' Well, have you fcen the new-comers f Pray how 

■■ do you liki; Mr«. Towoftnd ? Oh 1 I have a cham- 

•• ing 



No. 170. MORA L, See. ^^-^ 

** inu lUtltf anei'iloie ('(incerniiiK her. Vmi nuiil Kiu)w» 
*' I have learnt who (hi: was Urfmc \Uc w;ii ui'IIuimI. I 
'* thought as uiuih ihi you know liui Uihir w.15 n 
*' L'hrciumniiger in '1 hiiiiicb Uicct Inii hr hmki-, you 
'* mull know, auil hi Mifit wuti laKcti Un\i\ hiiiiiihuj*> 
'* ithuol, «iiil in prorrlb ut liiuc aiiivt-ti m ihr hit'li 
^* liigiiity of upper- iiiaiil touhlciuiau INtiilolii-n'a huly. 
** Uut, being vatfc pri-tiy, yuu mult know, nwA having 
■' had a proingiuud line tiliiiatioii. Mi. 'roHulciul ihu 
'* rumniun-cuuniil-niaii till ia love withhei, ami mai ■ 
'* ritfii her. Thiii ih all laft, yuu ni.iy ilr|ic:iiil ii|iiiii 
** it; for our Sally heaiil it ihi» vny uioitiiitg ai ihi. 
** (liop. — I'au't Hay i hut ihought 1 v^ouM tail ami Ki 
** you know. You lire how high hiutc pi tiplc hoKI up 
** their heaiU, but you'll uuiU'rlUuil how to look upoii 
'* 'em now.- -1 havi: a liiilu luHulied jiLucb to lall at , 
'* fo good moiniug " 

MilH I'ruis a niuidon lady ot im-proaihalili: ihaiat'ter, 
fet oH on the lauiu eK-|)tdliitiit, a^ luou a^ Ihu had put uu 
her moriiiug-i'ap. liiiiutul ol iit:w5, Ihr tuulil h.iiillv 

COMtain heifulf till Ihc ililvrtl (a:i i^iuli: drli illx-5 ii ) ill 

the lawyer'b liralb-kniuki:! and ui.ilio^anv KiliiUK-diluui. 
No hionri' was the teHicd, ihau out 11 lluw • 

** Well, Mrb. l.caluuia we wtic at ilu^ urw-i'onu'u^ 

*' lalt nighl i ami iui'li a night; Why ihcy know no 

*' nioie of tauUi than \t lUvy had iioi iu-t 11 nli-tl to play 

*' atiove live or li^ tinK<:i a wei'k in tlu*ii liuM. A:* to 

*' the father and mother, one lliould not i-i^pct't niuth 

*' from piirhiuifi whii, I Itippolr, got all ilu ir nitinry 

** in lioundldiiih i Itut n-.tily I piiy the pitui giiL. 

** 'I'hey Tut lilent hall an hour -, and ilirn alltiil inc, 

** ijirti help *eui ! il' 1 hail irail the lali lu-u ihni)* thai 

** came out f I'ray uhat do ytni think ul ihcii iiciliMia f 

** <— Suno* people lay tlo: yminp.i'r Im lianilUinir i and 

** iuderd the doeb krni vi-iy guod naimot. 11 m a:i ttl 

*' beaucy 1 — all 1 ihall i'.iy i-. ihr ilurb nui pl.ali: nie. 

** To he lute, tluy ait: lioih lair (-tiiiii;;ii itui iluir 

** iVatureb pretty legnlar, and loniu iltiulx ituii t:vt':i 

'* very tine — hnt| laiid ! lo awkwaul, io ntudell, ami 

** yet, fit the lame liiue, liinMiihot the riiy air aluttii 

** thifui, thai (hi'y are aliloluiely iiiiolc i.ili|e.> >lii Ihttn, 

** i don't I hull! to Ipirak tnii 1 am alwayn u\\vU\ \A 



'• rtw ftil»Jeft of chnrBfleri - hot I h«ve kwrrt fomf- 
" tlilnji'-" Here fli« rttoeludcil with a whUptr, ami 
in ■ grcAi liuiry withdraw, 

'I'h« iKRi liuul* lli« culled l« at, w^t ihatpoih(c»i/'i. 
The a]iaih»tftr}' wai glad t'l' « innuiljiil of nawi (nr hit 
pAiitnii. (lit I'Aik'iiU Twiilliiwud it cunnrly, uid fmin 
kfirfwuidt rvitiiaitd litem Tvltii on all thrlr vifltori. who 
iVtiii hbKic in tt'cii fplril*. to TpicRi] v^hai ihcy hud 
jtkkrd uji Bitioni thiii' rumiliet oiid frlvndi ( Bna ihuti 
III the Tjiube tif twpniy-lourhuui't it wmcommuniMMd 
uvoT tliu whiili (uiriflt. 

Willi iBri^rtl lo myldr, *l Oie Tirll weekly club ahtr 
nur iirrival, ihi 'li]uira, llm iitlnrnry, the ■[nuhecary, 
Niid iwi) I'l lIltiD ^enilciiiiii lilt), will) lliieil upon (heit 
nifaiit. nt ii i> culW, rm In }udffiiinni upon my charat< 
lei. Alter iiiucli doliHtP, in wliirh on •ijuil jtortionof 
Likiulour mid diltci'iiiiient wii> dilpUycd, I wK* found 
IJiiiliy uf liriiitt a icitltnr^, urnovrr hnving huiiiedi of 
never )iavin|[ Iniii a |«iriiiil)tei nt Itcriilnn n poor tiblr, 
mid voti 11 (lie fnuie time, living ntiuveniy fvrtutief 
und loiliyt orhtvlnjt n gieiit ilenl of pride thai iltite bo 
iiinii.' nil', ']\iv ii-Tult WM>. llml (Fiuiij;li 1I117 Ihuuld 
iijiiili'kciid III (.ull ii]>uii uic, UK loii^ HI luy pipe 1' 
tt;«LEllniit I'liit lulled, yet 1 wai nm [ci be iidiuiliad 
jn.-iiiUer iiCihcir jrilly fiicletji. 

' villi, urid um viTiiodi liui *■ I ri- ally da 



iiiki^ mui 



(lir 



m: ill 

:Vi;„nii.t " 






11 In 



M-hiintingi and Ironi a 
iililii;rd lu be abllrminut 
ruling mill ililiikiiig, WO coinmoni)' 
. ..Ill (ncdiiigi ihaii ctirdlulity. '1 
il'H (like lit lilieral mid manlycoi 
I I I. My <i]iiii nrf never at homt 
V. lio hiivi; tiern Piu^lit to fet u liiyh 
LMmijiJilliitirnti, neiilicr give nor fe- 
nip.iiiy ut ihufc, wlio 



<-.hii 



1) hn' 



' le lined. 



Hi u Lunriliti^'liliiiol. Id duiKC uiiil piny 

'1 lie envy, till' ji'iilouly, und 1)1.' fnipcriinencc of the 
li^ivcr (urt uf jiriij'ii- i> nci li'Jt ii'i'l^iiiuima und uoulile- 
l^me limit ilim I'l iln-ir lupeiiv. II wo rvBil (» buj 
iiiit' ilitiiD, WB me louvd 10 pay fmiicililnj^ muntliM 



N0« 170* MORAL, Sic, 34<l 

any body elfe, becaufe we are the rich ncw-coineis. If 
my cow happens to break into ntrigibciur llodge'ii titlii, 
Ihe is pounded wiihuut notiic*, beLaule, forlmuhj ihe is 
the Londoner'^ cow. It' we walk down the town, all 
the doori and windows are Hung open, and crowded with 
rpe^lators, juil as it is in London at my Lord Mayor's 
Itiuw. My poor wile and daughters lilksand fattinsare. 
iriticifed witii unrelenting (e verity. 

Whenever my fervants go to any fliop, a fet of gof- 
fips make a point of meeting them, in order to afkwhat 
i had for dinner, how much fmall beer is confumed by 
us in a week? and a thoufand iiniilarijuelUons. No lit- 
tle art is made ufe of tu periuade them that 1 uni ilingy, 
and that my place is the woril in the town ; chough, to 
my certain knowledge, I am fo far im{H)i'ed upon, being 
a llranger, sm that 1 am ff)rced to pay a third more wa- 
ges than any body eU'e in the neignbuurhood. 

Nothing paflen in my houfe wnich dues not becuma 
matter of general tonverfation . I f a coufin or an old ac- 
quaintance comes iVom Lond(jn to fpend a few days with 
me, no pains are Ipared to Icatn of the fervauts who and 
what he is i and \i my fervantb know nothing about him, 
Mifs Prue takes care to fuggclt, thai he is in fume low 
trade, a mere mechanic in his belt fuit of cloaths. U he 
ihould take an evening walk with my daughters, unac- 
companied with me or my wife, he is going to be mar- 
ried to cue of them diredly. His name, hi^ age, hid 
origin» are immediately divulged i the fortune on both 
iides afcertained, and the day fixed. 

If my wife and 1 hnppen to fpar a little, as is ufuul 
among thofe who love one another with the fincerclt 
aft'e^hon, a report iaimmediitlcly circulatrd that i ufe my 
wife, or that (lie ufesme, ill, and that, notwithilanding 
appearances to the contrary, we do not live happily to- 
gether. I can never buy nor fell a horfe, a cow, or a 
pigi nor change a fervunt, but 1 am called behind my 
Dack a foul for my pains, and it is hiuicd thai 1 do not 
know what I am about i and indeed how Ihould J, lince 
1 am a cit. If 1 make an alteration in my garden, dig 
a ditch, mend a pigitye, or thaich a hovel, my talle, 
my judgment* my prudence, are called in i]ueiti(iu^ 
aiid it is charitably wiihed that 1 do not bring my noble 



1 



jfo ESSAYS, No. 

to ninrpfnce, and iry ninrpence to nnthiii^, If, bjr 
the carcldrticr« of my cook-muid, i joint of innt Ihould 
kippen to bf A little tHinicd in ttic tloK-d.iyi, ii g«i 
wind, and it is immediatrly fiid tlui 1 frcd my fJiiiiily 
on Ilinkinft incst fur dieapncri. If ■ lauf flioal I be ■ 
litcl« mouldy in dnmp wcmhrr, I ntn ralli-d it for k«p> 
tng my biead till it i» fptiiled, rnibtr tKin give it to c 

foor creatur* who is pcrifliing wilK hunger. In fliort. 
striiyn moufo»nnirin;iny p4rt of ihc houfe, fcooi the 
SRrlour to (ho fcullcry, but ihc linrbrr, the chandler- 
,iii>-k«eper, the landlady nt the nlchoufe, the mantua- 
muRcr, and tlie chair- womun, find meani in gri a know* 
ledgp of it for the cnicriainmeni of their cuRomer*. 

Till I lived in this place, i never thought mylelfof 
fnch confequence ai to merit general attrniiun. In 
London, my ne« door t)eig;hbiiar neither know nor 
cared what palTed in my parlour and kitchen. I can 
however e&fily account for thii difTerence. In a market 
town, of no grcni opulence or txtrnt, there lire not ob- 
jedi enough lo divert the idle. No play*i no auftion), 
no fine fh(ip», no Diew-olaflbi. Scarcely any imufsment 
for (nil, pltipx. And old maid), but chinking and i.ilk- 
inj; on iTic an.iirs and I'lmilif:. oC other i,o:'i-h: l tie 
feiilement of a llrancer in their town i> food to ihem for 
yetin. They have been too long ufed to the nativei to 
find any novelty in their concern.^, and perhapi have 
been induced lo regard them wilh thni partiality of 
long .letjiinintance or of relalionihip, which preclude! 
malevolence. But Arangeri are lawful game; and the 
cruelty of little minds is found 10 take a plcafure in de- 
trafting from their chatafters, and defeating, by falfii 
and m.ilignnnt reprefcntaiioni, ihofe fchemei of happi> 
ncfswith which they Hattered ihemrelvei in retirement. 
Sick of fuch impertinence, and difgulled with the 
ill-natureof all nrounJ me, I have refolved to quit the 
market town, and have jull hired a lioufe delightfully 
Atuatcd in a dillanc village. It it the paternal habita- 
tion of a man, who, hiivirtg hopes of rifing at court,, 
chufes to leave ihit charming retreat, for a fmall dirlc 
houfc in one of the difmal lanei that lead into the 
Strand. 1 Ih.ill have no near neighbour! but the vicar, 
who is not only a learned, viriuoui, rcligiout, and be- 



No. 171. M K A f., ^r. l?f 

nf»Vfitr*nU but iiKd AM n^lr»*^lilr* ninii. llio lumitv. nil 
til whntn ItAve tlmi flpurtiit** nl ittinfl wlitih m-IhIiq f 11*111 
fi tnllf* for li*ttpr«, will ]m* nim Ii \v\\h initio. Titt-v ititvi* 
nlreAiiy Ini^nti^il n tHiimfUrtl mtm Imiipmi. Ami I ttnpf* 
in Itnvp fiHMut nl InO* in (lii^ |ilrii»*« tlint Itnppinf'U 
wliit.li I Viiinly (ini^lit in n nnir^* hi>t|iiiiti»>l (iiiiMtititi. 
Orthifil iim cfMi(iilHiti« tliiti titp litiiif II liMijiliiiiv *>f (tip 
riillkiif If it Id itiit ii(irprfili|p, t« (hi IpIo ilil|iiiiliM^, tlinii 
th^ pprtf nflWteiL til niiiiiM*il niti ninl iitatmf i4 nl tlm 
Jitlle imll-liii'il gentry iit liiiliMiiutitrv t<i\vit«. 

The hpflUtif'J nl nqi'iip iiiitniH lipti ny an, mi «ir iwr^i 
flS il llloWii UVPr tliP hliillnitlPil VaIm. ppfll mIiiI liniito. lii( irti 

rheprniliipln, ilmiipllir jtiya, nitnl tii|iniiv \\u\t* ntp 
fnihP In my villfl|»»' irtrpni. Nur iln I n'liiPi ilii* lnU n* 
rormnl viOi^, ittiii ilmt wiphIipiI iitipnniiHp with iiitlf* 
tnintUf whirh, whilr it whip nwny liln in iiili|it'litv. 
IMipfifpci Ifie tfi tliP fiivplKMtKMJ flirtliq III iiiiinpiit»-tl df- 



jiif 1 1 ^^_^^^.^.^^^^^_^^.^^_.^^^___^^_^..^_^ 






works whii 



IIIIIN ft wiitPr hrti ililliti^iiillipil himrpU iti lii« 
(lipil pprriitrnffiti p«« niiil pipilf"! iiq in iht»lp 
h hp iiiiPtnlrd lipi inir |i**iii(nl, wp lifMriinf* 
1nli'l'pl)pil in rtll thfii tiinipin« liiiti. mimI willi tn \v m . 
qiifllntPil with hi* idpnp, n* ihpy llmwl, witlmui nny 
view 111 thpii pulilirfitiiMi, in ihp uppn ifimrnnnii .iiiimi* 
Cif A prlvntP flh'i friPMilly t-fnip(pMiirliMi< p. tlpnntihil 
inll1(ISf Itkp tiPfintilnl hiiilipq, flpjirni jiiMiPhil in nn nn- 
(Irpfsi 'I'hp MWP whii h thi-v itilpjip. wImmi (iiiitMHiilpil 
with aH thptr <li);tiify« i* Inin'-timPQ nnit*' (liii inn tlmti 
plpAniiB 9 hut we feel fiuif^lvp^ hIji-xmI wlpn nrliMlMpil 
Id ihHr fAinilifirity. W^ li»v»« tn rpiin- li»'hin»l iln* (ipnp«r, 

Atid lu tihlertp thp nmlifjiuilpil np|" .'iirtn'»- mI iIimI»» uhu 
pIcAfl! iliVf when inilnlliimilly tin «iirii»i| Im pnMii r^lij- 
ffidoiii From thi4 rrtnfp it hnx nriiin, tliii ilip piivnti^ 
leHi>ri of great nteti hnve hp''ii dlw^yoieHil with prtnlinr 
avidity. 



np ESSAY 

The Greek >, fcmulciible » they were Tar dlvcrfli^ of 
(•mpotiuon, kavt not ltd mny modeU in ibc cpifto- 
liry Itrle. Tlierc u »o d.iubt bm tliat Xcnophon fxal- 
ltd 111 it, ihnuglk mall uf ihe Iciitra which b< ivroUr 
linv* eiiher not been collrAed nr prcrrrvrJ. Thar* of 
Socraid, Antifthcnci, Arlflippui, Xenaphon, Mkhi- 
no, «n>irhi)g. b^ve never been populu-. Thaf* which 
pall unJcr (he njina of AriAKnoiuti are of ■ uA« Itf* 
rcr<intiIi«|T [be stlic than ihe oilenuj. The dcftrip* 
lioni in (hen nre poetically luxuriam, bat the langiiagv 
i* not ^ure, nor ilie llyle Ixmpk. 

Thccpilikiori'hahrii have been muth rtad by the 
learned ; bui thoogh ihey nrc curinui moiHiinenii of ihi 
gcriui of ilie tyrant, ihcy are not adminiblc fpecimoni 
vf rpillolaiy compoiition- 'I hey nr« better known 
from ihe violent diCputc lh«y occalioneJ between Hent> 
Ivy itnd Boyle, than from their iniriniic merit, lo fotna 
pait of thai fimoun coniroverry, Uenilcy fayi, with bil< 
ufii.il acrimony, that Boyle had niadi a bad book worfa 
by a bad edition of ir, 

Cicero, the world') great model in tKc orttortnl lai 
the philoCaphieal, ii no lefj emineni in the epilfoliry 
ilylr. lU- li.jlIeJ hi. t;riMt paiurn,.. il.<- titfirk>. in 
eloijuente niid phtlofophy ; and he excelled litem in hit 
letter), iriilcttcri, indeed, were the nenuinc pniJoc- 
tion of hia unaflilUd grniui, and have a grace peculinr 
to ihcmrclvcs. Mnuy nf hi» other woiki ar^ proJeiFcJIy 
iiniiationii but cunilu^Vd witli th^u art whith cbur.ii:- 
icrilei lieniui, Hn>l ii|>propriatrs all it h^indlci. Hi) 
leucn were not lluiiiol. ilify were (he rft'uliont of the 
iii..ineiii, they iifofc from tht i)cc;irii>ii, and pleafc from 
their iiir of iiuih and unattctfrcl priipricty. Whether 
Liiiiintii, pleni'urc, poliiici, piiilol'ojihy, or conjugnl and 
pairriiul ufl'ei\ioii, -ire ihiir fuLjcCts, ihey arc ei]uatly 
cvLcllcnt, and always jiUjiiiig. He wrote them with- 
oiii the Irall view uf tlii'ir conun(> to [he public eye, 
ii>iil 10 thit circuinlUnce tlwy owt a gre.it lliare of their 
niciit, their IVccdom Iront iilicflaiion. Nu.ir a thoufand 
111 iliem retuaiu, and fiirnilh ahunil.ince of hilturical in- 
fuiiiiuiiun, nt the fame time that they exhibit the belt 
niiidcli fur this fprcic* of writing. They ate thought 
nut 10 appear to the belt advantage in the rpecimeni 
which 



No. 171. MORA L, Sec, 393 

v/hich Dr. MiJdlcinii lu» iiifcnt'il in U'u Mfti ofCiceiu. 
No one: vvab hutu'r abU* to ilo ihciu julliic ihiin tlut 
great bingiaphcri hut a i» i'M, he ajiniiiiitcd Lit- (afk 
of traiiilation 10 ioiiw inttiiioi- aHillaiit. 

I'hcrc wab an n^c uliru ihc Icttcrb oi J'liiiy were pre- 
ferred CO tlmlc (jf LiLCiti. 'liny liiivc, imlied, litis 
glitter of an ariilidal juiliih, lait tiiey want tii* more 
captivating grace (li iialiiial heatuy. 'VUcy vvcie iLulii-dj 
and tlitiy wear tlie appearance uf iliidy. lie wlio (lcli|ihii 
in elaborate and highly tinilhed (ninpuliiiuiii will bt-ura- 
lified in the uerulal of L'liiiy ; but hu vvill at ilie uine 
time regret, iHie hat a taile for propriety^ thai ihib la- 
bour wafc not bellowed where it would have liL-en betlrr 
placed, la a pUilofophical difcuurfe. or a fiiiuial ha- 
rangue, we expert the interpofuion of an j bur, in aii 
•pillle, we ai'i: betur plfaCcd wilh the genuine eifulioui 
of nature, than with ihe ctFurCb of ingenuity. 

heneca'ti Mural J<'.n'ayb have little right to the nanm 
of Epililes, with which he diftingHiAicd ihem. 'i1iey 
are litile more than a colle£lion of coninion- place ob- 
fervationi!, abounding in wit and iugenioub luiub, but 
wholly deiUiute of elegance and frrace. llin faullb, in- 
deed, are fweet, as (^lintili.in laid i but it ib a fweet- 
nefft which cloyb, and can fcarcely pleafe any but a vi- 
tiated appetite. 

After the Latin had ceafed to be a liiing lan^uage^ 
many excellent booki of letterb were written in it. It 
wan the univerial language ol' learning. The literal! 
of diftercnt nations, tne rude lan||uageb of which would 
not repay the labour of cultivation, wilcly chofe to 
communicate their thoughts in the pure dialed of this 
court of Auguilus. home of the earlielt of thcfc aro 
difgraced by the barburil'm of the linitd. Bur I'etrarch 
ihines amidli the fuimundiug obfcur.iy. True Kenius, 
like hill was furetodiijday it;i luilre, though ii lannured 
under the difadvaniagu of a pievailing mrrujition of 
tafte. Hitf language is by no means a model. 

Politian had julf pretenfioub to true geniub. I'here 
U a warmth and vigour in hib poetry, uhich fully pmvca 
him to have ptiijeired the m^mj Jiviniur llib tpiillcb 
arc elegant, but, like thofo of IMiiiy, v^hinn he iini- 
Uiedi they are formal and aifewied. Upon the v\Uola 



Y a. No. 171. 

ihey an nnt unptenlin^, ind abonnd with btAUllM 

bjttfinui, a name tint lliinei Tuitli will) peculiar |lw* 
in Ihe annul) ol huNlure, JuiHy raSi-iU* itia firlt nA 
amiiiig tile ■nodrtri r|^iiUolari wriiari. Hit OjrU t&ibtd 
)■ noi jiuicty C'iiKniniiin, ih»agli it JUiila^i many of in 

t[racti. 1; iBtiimnly hunwn, tlioughii uH*n rlAi Wft 
ivcl iviih riaHicil encelknto, Ho wh« imm fa fnuM* 
)ou(Iy eNaii in Mi tnfl«, it w rcjstt a ba(L>urou* tux) u» 
thtc rvprelTiLH), if it r»iiv«yF>l lil> idei. precifoly. BU 



ha hull ili« (kill ttt u[# li ivUli rufh |i<'<iurl»iy, timi It ac< 
irej, in 111* wticinui, u iirai-c a»tl liiHiiiiv. Nii ma* 
It hcitar Mi|u«iiurirwiili ilia warki c/ Citeiu, and pA 



I atlcr u ti:w iirrliidicaa, Ibrnied in hit ^uuih, 

rtiiiiivutl, enioriiilneil a lil^liir nmnlun of liU braulUtf 
or kitaw [mtvr how in imiuia ilinn. But lia •1tr|>lM 
(lie ftC^orciccronidni, who would fvarcfly jJmlt a paN 
tide (bai wai iiot to Im fiiitiKl in their t'ovnuriia aiiiW. 
Ht TJiiivuW [h«m will) atlinlrabla wii uiid eluigucnm^ 
ill hb lUalofua CicaraniaBm [ mir woull ha giva com* J 
lenniica 10 lii ridicalnua an aAaftitinn, by any part af 1 
liii »iiiiii)tn. Mlifd llu.liuku o( cnpiixiriidi unU vnrialjl 
«rmuLiar, ibimul' u Icrupuluua iitiiuU»>i vf any tiit».l«l. 
ke klectt th* moli exprtllivo wur4 lia can And in tba 
Intitriiagr, anil, by a jmlliinut oimpalilidn. ren^leri It 

Srre'iblfl anil praper. With all their dafrfh in pmni' 
purity uflangunita, hia Irtteri Hre uiicominonly entar* 
laining i nDil havn ihni Ipiiii whieh ^ciiiui can alwayi 
et'liihit, hut whivh bbnriuua dulnctt vainly iniltaiMt 
I'lirre ii H fund u( Luulunii: humour in all bi> more ftf 
miliar wri(in||iit In hit collociuiei it i) moll conTptcuouai 
but it it nlfri vfry renmrkabld in many of lii< tpifllai. 
Mnd ha lived in an age whfn polite learning win inort 
gritdiilly cncuuragflil and uultivaied, hit ptailuJ\ioM 
wniild havr betn niudrls urelegaiif, not inraiior lu th» 
bimilod reliquet or aniitjiiiiy. Dtit, unAiriun airly, h* 
wi\f engK^rrd in the unpleiihng Jirpuiiit »t' pedantic lh«< 
■l»j{illa] and, inltead uf ireading die tjowcry path* of 
" sole and Roman lilftaiiire, fur wliirh he w.i» Adapted 
naiure, wai nbligcJ in toil ihruiij<li ihc ihorny niuM* 
H buiboruui, prrplexutl, and irrationiil lyllcin uF di- 
niiy. Hit liburul mind loon perceived, iind at l'o«a 
^.tuwed, 



b,..,.r. 
<>f a burb 



No. 171. MORA L, ^r. j^j. 

avowttil, ihc; alifiiriiiiy nf the mi'ivcil iniulrb ami npi- 
niuns i hut hi! had ttuj {Mvai a vi-uciiiiiiMi lui }.M:iiiiiiiU 
i'hijlliuiiiiy, itMit-j'Ifi't thulf lliiilicb, vvhiih hix iiuiti-U 
fiuii, fi» ii I'hrilliaii aiul an ml li-ihtllit, iiaiiiiully kd him 
10 cultivate. Ik* law, iiiul in ^'irai iitcaluM' avniilmj, 
ths ineleguiiLiL't. whiih itliuinuUil in ihi* Lhrului^iial wiii- 
ing« ui liiA liiiiL'ii i hut it vva^ nut caly ulwaya m hi* u|Miii 
hlH guuril a[^uiiill ihcui i and hik mind m iaint-d a lim tuiis 
of them, iib waiirja nic |iu11uLl>1 with thu im|JUiiiici» 
through whiih ihiy ihtw. 

1 uiiiit a givai nuiuhii id rj>ilt(dajy writcrtti Mho hiul 
little lUtfiil (ii iliL-ir I'lvn, and whu diiivid all iht'ir 
lame iVuiii h icivilc ijiiiiaiiun id Cimo. Amun^ lUvia 
it Pauhib ManuiiiiM, whu ib laid id havr uiiu-ii l|u iii u 
nionih in writing a hn^dr Ihiiim'. Wu iie, imlcfii, in 
COnfcilueiU't: id thia Uin)iidi)ua aitcntiinii an ch-^.iiit iind 
truly Cict'iuniau ithihlrtdii^y i hut wc iddcivu itum: ul"' 
the native (*ract'bid unaHi'iMrd iiini)<nliiiiiii. 

Our neighhdurii, ihc I'lcmh, liavc: aiM»|^uii:d i^irat 
IQflrit ai L'piiiidary wiitcib. 'i'lu-ii- ^m'nib and ihrir 
Ungua|Hs H|i{)tfar to he well udapird lu cKLt 1 in it. Hut 
(9100 tti their moil celchiau'd wiiiuu havis n-niuinitfil 
the advantau^iii whiih nature gave tlu:in, and have 
fpoilflcl all tlie beuuticii ui funiimeut and liv.iiity, hy 
an unfearotiahle prnrufiim id wit. llalvriL wraiua lii^ 
reader with the iinnllani recurri'ia'c ut' lulmuicd inge- 
spity. 

Voitupe abounds with hfauiifiil ihoiiijliid expr^llrd 
with ureal rifgmue. 'Mu: langua{;(: ul (-iini|ilinn'nt 
difgulUi in other writerb, hy iin unme.ntin^ ianicucrs 
eud foiniality. JIu ha.t ^/iicn ii ihepjaic id di-li>ary. 
But even he, iliongh indiluntaldy u hm* wriu-ri iajullly 
cenfured hy Ridiourb, for tlnm^'hiii whirh ilu' h'mw luIU 
falle. I.ikii many oLhersi, he haa n-gle^lrwl reul hiauiica 
fur arlihi ial ornanu-nih 

Our otvn linintrymen h;ive himouraltly diilln]Miilht:il 
themfelves in ihib, as well ai in rvcry oilu-r kind of 
elegant compoiicicm. 'J he ipiihdary liyU- i>t Swih ii 
ihuught, hy many, to t-Jtcel ull mlu-i.s. It ha.i piniiv, 
eafe, ex|ii'iihon, ainl hme. I'ii|m:'.i 1 i-iu ij an: lively 
and delicate, bhcnilnnr'a are miiuIi uad j hut ii may 
be doubted whether they have ihut iixuliai aud lliik- 



R 8 S A r S, No. i;r. 

ing rxtvllencr, which thauld plice ihcm niDDRg tbr 
cUflitiol vvritiuniry. 

The lair Lord ChpllerSclrf. iStnigh iulily ilrcrtcd » 
amoral inllruAor. ii iJraiifwl ■< ■ wnier uf ncculur 
»J«jiincc. No m»n moiv cluffly inU (at<tl.Miy imi- 
laicd ih« Krcnch in tv<ry circnmllABCi'. Like (ticin, ll« 
oritet iviili perfpiLuity, vivscti/, •ntl thai grtcefulnfr* 
whkh i) tur* to I'lrafr, and which he ^u nirnuouHy r^. 
annnifndt. Hp ii hunrdf « prouf oftheilfiory «f th» 
^racoi for, with nli hii mrrii, he wnt ci-rciiiu'v Tup'r- 
lici«l, tiad y« obimncd a (lc);m of fjiuf, wliich mow 
folid H^iirri have Tcliluni puAl-Kri]. 

Mu<.h hu buta TaiU on the cpllloUry HyUf ai if 
any him HjIb could be tppfopriatrd to the grt-ni vwim 
of fuhjcai tvhith arc trcMeJ of in lettcri. Kife, It Ji 
true, Jhould diflinjuilh familiar ktirr>, wriltrnoatlw 
cnn)m«n tff»m of lift-g bccaiile ih« mind ii uruallyai 
Mft while they m« coinpofed. But, even in thtU, 
ikere incidentally ariret atopic, which fequirct rient* 
■d nDrvffion, and an Inverted conlUuAlon. Not (• 
raifr the ftyle wv ihefr occafifini. i« to write unnatnriU 
lyi fur n:iturT Ion hr« ill lo txpicls .■iiiirftfllcd fmoiioni 
•f evciy Icind in animnicii language. 

'I'he inipuflioned lover writci unnnturally, if he wriin 
with the eafe of iicvi^ni. Thr d«pf ndant wiiin uiina- 
inralfy to x fiiperior, in the llylit of familinrity. The 
fupplisnt wriiM unnnturally, if he rcjcrti the ligiirci 
did.iirdbydirtrrf*. Converfsiion ndmitt of every Kyle 
l>ul ihr pofiic, and what nic 1«ttrti but writttn cunvtr- 
fiiloi) f The great rule ij, lo tollow namrc, aad to 
nvoj.l nil o/lfacit m^.nner. 



Iv'o. CLXXII. ON Tin; NtcmtiTv ok exib- 

CISE, AMUSEMLS-i;*, AND AN ATTBNnON 
TO HKALTU IN A LIFt. OF iTUDV, IN A 

LllTTlIR. 

III.M-f INM) n^-ri Hen tally to meet a frllow-iallc^iaflt 
with whimi. befi)r^ we wcro ri-pnrutej liy ihe ri- 
price uf fortune, I \vm inlinitlcly ucquaiijied. Siiitiy 



lf%, M O R A Lf Set, %sf 

) he, (h'uI li but, alas, how changed 1 pale, ema« 
eA, with huUnw anil lack-luKre eye, h chi« my uH 
»oi fallow, wlKifti ruddy cUttkn and cheerful a»ua- 
iuct displayed health aiid happinefif What can have 
iced my pimr friend in (o wretched a condition t In- 
perance, or funu: ilreadful difeafe, aiull have (lolea 
y hie youth, and hurried him to a nremature old age. 
(^hile 1 wab thub reHe^ling, he pnihd me wiihrmt cak- 
nuiice. He leemed indeed to he Ih entirely wiappeil 
n conlemplatimi, nb m puy no regard to external ob- 
i. My curioliry ami fricndihip wme too much inte* 
trd, to fuHtrr him to leave me without givinir fome 
:iunt of hiniU-ll. 1 (oon overtook him, aridlie no 
ntr recogniii'd me, and prrceived my furprife at hit 
»carance, (lian he pu.ceeded to aflign the caufe* ofit. 
' Yi'U know, my tnt:ni\, faid he, my /irit and Idoi.go 
rft paflion wai for literary fime. i^latieif^d by my 
frieiidb, and eiicoura^etl at my filiool, J ptrfuaded 
myfelf I wab atlvauung in the iaircr of |H<'iy, and, 
^ith all (lie ardour o( eniliufiafm, devoud every 
moment of my lift^ to the purluii of learning. I'uerile 
iiverlions had no clurnu for me. A hook wat my 
foU' delight, my ccmftant companion, and wa^ itt'ver 
laid afide, but while my mind wab employed iii lom- 

fiofition. During my rejidence at the uuiveJiiy, 1 
pent the time wiiit-h my comiitnionb alharu toiuial 
amufementbfiR examining thole repi.fuoriebof .mcienc 
learning, the public libraricb. J (aw iniai-J liifs fu* 
tility oficholallic lo^ic, but a deiire toipidlily m^lllf 
for the public exenifefi, led me to the aiteutive per- 
ufal of Wallis and iSauderfon. The fame ni^tive 
engaged me in ilie ilieary fubtiiiieb of mLinph^fictf, 
buch lluuieb ehgiuHed the greater part of my firil ihret 
yvarb, with little advantage and no pieaiun.*. 'Vht 
fatigue would have b^en inioli'iitble, h«<d it not fom^- 
limeb been ulleiiaied by tin: chaimb of poetry. My 
favourite Virgil and Horate, and every poliit w...tfr 
of modern timett, afforded , in their turn, an agre*. 
aliltt recreation. My exerciles were honourably dit* 
tinguiflied, and piiiite to an ingenuuub mind ib i\v$ 
keif reward of learned labourb. 

2 •• With 



*' (iMH VrtKwrt iif my «H*liiiii»Ht«l. I fmiixt (1(1 'liMltiil. 

« tttwA m* <t t'Htoi-r in ■ Ofutl (I'uiitry mwn. 'I'liltkn 
«• 1 wf«i. Doi wiihiiiii inv (ull^lluii i<r liiuAt, Ih* u(* 
•• ttf wlikli I itvM nci n«tf rt>tfgiine fhi' a mim, I 
•• ki«it utM>lllf^ with llun In )mt>tnv« mylVIr In Ifalll- 
•■ liiK, Aiiil to iiftfutiu ih» iluif *>f nn KiUrturltf wiik 
•' J*»vni7 null (kyotltm. I w«t Utf>vy (n ili* |»M*(brfl 
•■ Pl l)ie»(lH>|| mr ikmf UiilnivMi)|i|*<l I>y llif tnifuiigo 
•> <il HIV H0i>1i?itii<.>l Mcoiti, U(h<im vxudi rii\I Mai, 

*' l|.iaii H^'i'M .'hni lrn.l iti n im<I(V I<«>I«vI mi 

• • MiiiiUlxiii »Uli iiM><tii<ilii<n. My wit'il i<l v«)ii>iirrti( 
■< r'Mu^fol»>l l*>«» •«» ll<i> tiltflkuliy »( |>tiHkiliiit tlif llfif 
•■ •>( (»niliit'l MititI) ttullnmiDn |»'lnii>il oui. I rottml 
•' II ivii )it>vi>IUi), idinv'ipniil ifstl'lii'H ( 

" tillllllll»r», to'ulM ll|t H»#pn'r«lf(t j>t.H 

*■ « |>iiilUir>nlii><> III itiiif Mrniiloini'litt. 
M ilini 1 lalii<uiv\l 10 f\<v\ in ilie |<iil|>ii 
** HOt ft Httn In t>i( |<Ur« wtt» hnj ah tii' 
•♦ ntwui utitiiviifltmitrv •icHIpbw, III 

m.>rt...f.iullvK.>-lul...|*'iHi«. I 



...fi .«y p.; 

ltd 



• i,.i 



' h^ I I 



linl.'k I In- i'.Mi'ii. 

. !*'»• n li'lli li'llim l<i 

''iHkllli-'nlUltf »-*«li, 

1 I'vulil Itoi tiH^iji 

hrtif, Aitil, iliti^nh 



l.i.liotili 

< In lltVil \'\l"\ <'( l<N <-1ii>i 

■ I'lrtik, »0io w(t' ti> k«il i 
' All.) )ii«iivl> nisuliill lioHliitiiil.it' 

• llirli'll' UMrtli*' ilpl'U'lt ill « l<11 

• E^i"l oMiilP |>i.>ir.ii-.) m." n.im tli.-wli.^ my itlllltlir, 
' Vi'MuM iifvti' mfr\ nut <il lliv huiiit-N wdll Ifeilaho 

< il.xi, Till- lllllv rli-rttm^ I lofti In lAf Ohlv IWWir 

• ilt*t tvii* III t>v i>lt|<iini<l, Itlll tuitti»i uuiflMXf'l mt lit 
' it<vip.liirv »<(tar of \U*. VVIi'ii iKviriUliuli-iiHiv 

■ |.f.<if.l m<H>r.»BfiLl.l.'. I nsi. li.d^rvil I.I liv# «. I 
' I'lfflifili Willi ini' phmititrt I'l' mi wMi tmi ltn>il'>n. 
' luv mAii. Ill i>>i> > I'toitfil tpiiHrftt I ti>tiii4 dm* 

■ III go itimitfili * riMni-li-lP VKurD' iil crrUfiiillliii) lilf' 
' III!)-. I af>|iitti>tl A luinvUiii l(iii>nlw.lfiF iif lhi> lol' 

• vnixl lAn|;>iii[!»> li> •ixtlOn iiif H> t^-xil lht> l'uly«)iill. 

■ I tllKl* H ^irXI nillli1>#l Kt liilHIOII 1 ll<»i)ti<|)|v*l 

' urniilVi, «ii>l tiiniU mniiy vvKvOluii*. in il>r tulB*' 
" iitttlhnua 



4u. 17a. M O U A 1., AiT. f)ff 

'^ llfllltUliiUl lit llii: llilili:. till i\ltiill\ i'li):iiiili:il \\,\a 1 

'^ hy iki> itiiiliii^^ jiiiiiitUuj iliiit 1 U.l>tiiiii Lii iit> I iiiMii 

'* liui. Ill itittt illkl itii: 11.I11.1I Ulll luilli-. 'I In: tiiiidi 

** ill 4 liiuU lit hiiiliiilaj i« lili li tik-i]ii>;iillv' |t«ilii..il iity 

'* uiluluw, tliul liii liiiiUi:i 111 liiV L.lla. 1 lie tili.il 

'* Jlmrla lit 1:1 I'M i»ii>>l \\i-i*i luiiluiia iiinl liilljiUl. I'u 

** hUy lii'i'ka I li'liil iii-tt (4iilii ii\ci\ lilitliit: <i\ ui .ilitiii 

** ivilti iL'tliJulili^il I'ltiiliiii.', iiiiil k^likUftviiiiii li III ii:)>*iy 

H lilts liitb tit ail iiiiiil ill llic: i1ii\j liv ilL:\iillii|* d ^iliiI 

^* UiUliiHi lit llii: lil(jtil III Itiut) . 

>* It ift uaity iiiii', iii«ii iiiyilikt iiiiiiiiw: ttir a|)|iU 

*' i^Hliuil \v4& a hat- lit li^aiiilii^. Yii 1 s\\\\ \u: in hi 

^* UtfllUliltft il5 llkiiiv II, 1 liilliClillti^a tullt|i:»l i| k\||lilt|.|l Illy 

** liiiall ihaicut iii>ili| \i 1 li<«>i 'Hm < miirlii auiai't ihu 
** luuit c tit luy lii|<i.iiiiib. 1 iiiii' u <i iiiiiu lit litt; \\ lii.'ii 

** t*\U\C aluliu a)>|ii>tialii lii: ail lliaili:i|il<ili: Il;i\ ui.t (it I'iwill 

** laliiiUl. ll tl'illi:ift lll-ll liitlillll Inlt: iif dlMlhiMl.ill 

** whikli U t: iill |i(ilii;lb, hill ll tiiliiUlub III! I iiin Liih-iii u 

'* ill ilit: litiiu lit i\ •ml iiiut iiitli iiilh . 1 iiuti, t\ fift 111 ilic 

** )iiii|;liliituiliiiiiil a liiili^ In lti^< lit uii^ liiiiiilitil ll \i»\\, 

** ivilil a titililu ailit ^! llili^ll, ill <i itv K: lit ilL^i ^lll lU I'.iiiki; 

** H Ilik ll litiiilllk^b «t |i liiitai . 1 la: |i'lliiili 1^ ..il iliu I ii|tili«s 

t* ut liiG \\C\\ |iHlllll, M lu) lia>l •ilixa\a luiiiLtl iiii; vviih 

** lilt^lllai' li:t}iii''t. 1 ua:) tiiullill riii'dt^ti Ui IU|i|iuK. hl.i 

** itigai'ii ttii uiy iliiiiat'Ui vwiiiM iinlii.i liiui !•• Ii.jt.i^v 

** Ilia litliutlit: kill llii: i lull 1 tuultij ^\ tiiJil II tiii.uiij i .t 

** caiiii U^ li'id lt.il*t;il ami lull ilu \\^\i |iii.i. iii.iitkni ni a 

** gaiiii^ ill i^liiil ^vidi •! iliiititi tiiH liiiiiUi. 

** \ \\*\b ai lait I'lKcii iiiiiiic tit liy lui ilun i:laii. Itu 

'* llMii hkJaikl lit iiM liuittall^alil..- kliliguutt., .lUil iiMtiu 

** ntciuUii lilt: III fill tliiiiiLiui |iiilillllii;i, Hi> 'i |iiii|i. • iiL'i - 

** Ulll III iiiiikc ail iuiUik III a \c\y viiiuiiiii.iiiiti vtutK 

** 1 i:4)|}t^rh iliuUiliii'l* ll>i: I'tllk, uiilia vlt;k« i.i |iL..ilw 

^* III niU'tl .1 mail, aiiil tiuilluil ll In Ida ili.ui a >i,ii .mil 

** 4 hilt- 1 III: hili^b \\C\C )MliiIi;ti nil H llil.tll lt:|lk:|, 
** iiiiil ihift wmk illii my v\c.' .m lH|aiv uhlih iln , i^ilj 
** ilfcVisi' ii^iiivuit lull 11 mult I'U iMiiiiul, till ihu iiilitT 
** haiiil, ihtii ihu hiiiiUtuilwi ^avi: iiiu iii it:iiiNi a hank 
** UUU' lit (nil |)iiiiml»- .'Vii \\n\c\ aiiilun luliitmi .u 
** iiuiit'ii iciiiiiaiiiiii- I til i.-' iii.icLiI ichliiiii KiiiK^ii i Imt 

^* iV ll^ ha|»Pt;ii& iii he illlt t<u lu.t, llii! ait'ut.u V ut lil.t 
t* V^ufk U| III ihi: M|iiiUiiii ij| iii<iii)j a Llml til tlil^^uwsx 



** M Hi*, n mm ¥* mm* * 4*9 *** «w pKb|iMW 

" 4utHt(b «nil i>r uaiWiil lulmiir, lAmlf In ih« ^»vit 
*' ttf |r«nlu>. ll Milt uiit tWivtiii*' ba ihuMtilii ivfli>4rp> 
'• ful i)iii ililttttnirliiut uiiik t>H<Jii<.*il ink oilifTftfrAi ! 
*■ ih*a ihr tniiiry ot my •>«>, iinU ihc payhivni nl nj i 
•• tn^lnr't hilt. 

" lit ihlt WMieyl ftlll wniinin', wlihmit dwy pml^ 
<• itfch*iis«> tinlfU M'ti«n hllnilDii'i, nrrMAMirJ t>c |«> 
*• ttraifHW lt«d)» i>t ill* ittftnulM^ml *i;r, Oi^tt iibllg* 
•* in* it> r*flB"' ' *"' "■" "' O'Ikm'ix''"'"! <1lI)t«Ail4nt 
" hiir Aa 1 p*Um my I'liu.liilrm wuh a iIkUhii m rilnil- 
** it«i* oilifii Tor tlifif iiffiWt tX HIV. Pttflvrinmi I 
• ' iirv«( (ixiulit l<v iliiilf liivihcnii whkh ihr wwlil 
•■ u(«M to Iw ihv hi-n lulifil lit |«i<nriii« [I I tint 
•• (lii>t«ft>ro no Ft|(ht in mmploln of ihc w unt «( ihrt 
•• Mhlfh 1 ilM itni lin^ily |>tiiAi«. My mi>iiv» f.tr iMi 
•' I'mnniMiilfHiltin 1* in itrf*riii luhtr* Immh 4iiriintn| 
*' niMlr>'y lir * luoD^iii Aiuihmfnt I'l »H'^'l* l«ii<t*))>* 
" ill thtmlVlf*!. I c«n Hovpr illlinunitiiAiii'* an Miirm 
•• itun l« liivmiiiw. 1 mil luM il. I fllll vtnrraH 
** ihfllV ihii Ituvit »<tffttl«l In it. Rui « l)nc«r* nfw4 
•• i;ir m«m i>f ilie ni.'ll «nil«hlc miiI iifcrul of n>v rf«-,-|n. 

■■ l.lil.h (t'.iiiH--' a en'il llini.' lit lllfll MIlKliUui), *»il 
•' ihiti lilt lau.fn.'II.Mi 'Utility iittm DikIv mil tilii- 
•■ iti4irlv <s<.MunU»Uhre ilir Ii>[m<I liclti, .iii.l ihiti tt>n| 
" tmiiiiil iiPiv.Mii diii'nlei liipciiii.luieJ Ity mi rem It ltd 
•' n|< pill' at lull. 

■ ' I m»rtii itiii (ii f\fUt vom iVntl'xihy i nor will I •»• 
•■ *5n*ii(iv iHv "»ll« iw i1«l^rl|iii»it, My «p|>e«nin« 
•• li» Miv#.lv ii'itviim-l you lUm 1 hw il>» vlftim nl 
■' ilii. ak, Nm will pill hrliisiii til l>rlli>-fl ili«| iht 
■■ iloiM', the i^iiHi, the tiv|>iiih<iii>liU. nhit'h hNvi> tnxn 
" .1111 mv lomlrr ll«m?. wni' ileiivp<l lft>m nn Kiirnitiin 

.lvlWi>.| h llio illiuUi>.liir.'r|U>v(f<lN<.aik..M.- 

'• II...I I Infii wilP •iioii^l) |.. Utf itiomiifij « h,»» 
•* lUiiuiH ilie iiiicivhI* «t irn'tlnii, mill lit hiivi> vniri«il 
• < iiiiK riiroliil >iiiii|<tiii\ »\ ill* >l<>le (il « tht>Hfihtiil 
•• ilnv, I Kiifilii li'iViJ i'i.iliiiiBo.1 my Uvtiiirli* tnjn}^ 
•• 111. .11. iiiiilirtjipv .>l.l *B' 

" I *m t'!itl"li'i'ti'-i riii'iiuh i.i I'Mi' wiih iMilnic* « 
•• iiiitjiituii nliihii I iNiiiiui almi ftt 1 ii^in«iini«i 



No. 172. M O R A !«• Ire. 361 

'^ think, ihoui^h without ihcf leall ilc^ri^t of 6nv/, that 
f* nil ulil rchoul-l'tiilow ot'iuine» of a very liiHtfrent turn 

Kfi'oui my(eir, ib far hiipoicsr. 1 icsnicimbcr 1 uieil to 
laoi^h at him, hiuI thiiiK hiui ytry Hlly, when, at tha 
tiiiiis we wrre ill ihu IJnivniity loutsiher, he u(ciil i(% 

* inifif an iiit>cnioii.') UtMure for the fakt: of a riiie, and 
' fpt^ntl thr three lliillinj^ii with which I Ihould havfl 
' hoiiuht a hook, in (he hiieof u horfv. It is true, in* 
' (Icfil, thai he nec*(l not, uml ougiit not, to have ntf« 

* glc^leil hia int* niul iniprovi'nu-nt, heiaule he huil man/ 

* oitporinniiii^bot ivluxiitliMi iilur (heiiouibof liudy wero 

* elapfeil. Wet if 1 juilgi; of his ronilu^t hy ihe ujioa- 
' rent etKi'ls of it ut pri-hnt, il Hpiiearb to uie in a left 

* blanu-ahlr light than il nl'eil to ilo. lie in now aC 
' the H^e o( fixiy-ihii't', fin lie wub fontrwhat older than 

* niyitir, ami iciains all ilut vi|>tiiir ami alertnefn of • 

* yonn^ man. i lib inuiilcnaui rib hale, hiii limb* muf- 

* cular, anil he leaiU ihe iitiviie and the nrwlj)uper« 
** ihr only ihini'b hr doi-b n-ail, without fpeiMacleb. 

** lie ft'l (Hit in life :ib tiiiMnlU^lb ab inyfcli. Me ru- 
" ^^f^'-'d in a niiiuy in a fjiiJitin,(» (Duntry. Ilib lovs 
" of lirlil-divt'ilioiib fmiu iiiLinitimd liini to what was 
*^ callt'il the lieil innijiany. He |>ii(ii-ili't| the i:jiiurnal 
** tfrares of brjtaviour, and al Uu; iamr linn* wui 
<* deeidy Ikillrd in hoilc llclli, and had Ki.tckru'b FiO- 
" ri&'iy liy hii.ut. iViuli imufb (dulil not lou^* palb nn- 
" rewarilriL A hMiiiurt m ihc iii:i)^lil)Oiiihni)d ^'levv 
** fmid fd hitii, anil iiiuniliu id liim 10 lii.'> fnnily ; miis 
'* of whom w.ib iiii iHily daiii'liin, nf nupjiMl |i(iTiiii.tl 
*' or niciiial ait (iniplilliiui'iii.'). My /iit-u.l, h(r>vi-vi-i, 
'* admiu'd lirr hn hull', iiiid (uiiiid nndilluidiy m nli- 
'* tainini' hir hand. J'iir liiun.' mi svliiiji In; imw ic- 
'* iiiicd W.l!) {Mil 111 ihi I'uitiiiii. ihd, llHiiijilt tit iiu ;Mra( 
** value, yi-( JL |iinil(!i<-'i liiiii Willi a piiiiv loiii; (|iiiiiiii;'- 
** liiiX. 1 (t'liininiiiiilv ir.ut.'. j.i.i^ I'l liii lll:i hdnts .iiiil f|iiiib, 
'* while hia huilK'l ii.md > ill ii'.litii)'^ Hi ill*- {'(III II nil liilK'll 

'* Moic'b hab (v^MijM tl iluiiiii'li 111 I lii'ii ilii- iiiiiil iiiiil )<iy- 

" ful Aincil. Il l.illlir', iUy uld filcud ll.ti Iid lallc, liO 

** learnin{^, nil irliiii-iiH:iii, hui li'- li.ii ilit iilc id liibrvi-N, 
'* and a nri'iT < t'a(iii|>, lluivnl ipiiiib ; iuviiii widK ab vm'II 

* t ||ii ever, iHilli lli'4 •Ml i*A> I'lit'iil dii'elliiili, uiid jdculy li> 

*' fuiiiilh it wiih LouUanl (*iii|il.>ymi ni. 

Vol.. 11. K *^ \\t\ 



• I 



acgrce ot attainable pcrtcction." 



No. CI. XXIII. ON TIIK MKRITS OF C< 

AS A Por/r. 



T' HK l)i()j»raph<n-8of'our KngUfh auihorR hai 
tinii!rt fallcMi into ti tnillakr, which rem 
truth ol llioir (Uuy riir|>ri^lrd. Their accounts i 
panrgyiiis. 'J'hc hno nt* ihcir talcs, like the 
thr rumancc, is ailoriuHi with cvcrv )>nod qualit; 
conirnt \o rrlati* i\\th vviih iinpartialiiy, (hey c; 
wliai i.i rulp.iblo, .nui r\:it'P.( raio all ihat can i 
comnuMhtiition. In (tutli, ihcy who have rxhili 
lives of (uir jiuthoi''?, hnve iilu.jlly been the ei 
their wuil\-< ; :umI eiihrt (nun n real and n.utiral I 
(or ihoii' thini'." on whivh ihcy h.jve helhuved ( 
fiom the Id;. l.uul.jMr nioiivc ('fpionu liuj;; ihc 
lion ofii l)i'(»k ill whit h they wire iiiifn llcil, luvc 
too hij'Jily even ofiholl' who nurit moilcraie ti 
Hut il is not won'ieirn! if ihc ir.uler lepreli-ntb 
inerehiuuii/r* as liie brl) in ihe niaikrt-pl.ue. 
h wa-i ihe lot I'f Cowlry to he hatul/ii {\\)\\\) i 



i/ji M () n A t.« ^r. 3O1 

Hi tnviiil miuh nl hJ«» invn rflmi* li» tlip mw»l ulm Itflil 

|»jirptl hi'i lhl»» !•» tlip jtpiillp fliul intipllii- I'lmml of 

rh'iiiif'fl I nnil riMMMHMl llip t-rHti|i|iinf>iM, pf»rhflj*« 

n utIi'M- mnHvp^ ihrtn t'u'lt* nf ^l'^lilMll»* 1 fi«r il»p 

Hi" L'tiwlrv Wi\<* Px:»ll»"l« lIlP |«li"H»*l I1MHMIII <\ MM IP 

.i*«l nil timie ^%hfHn hp Irul uiimnnuli' '. Ol ihl-; i »» 
rtlpil ttillinpcif K'»' lul'i'U I.mijI ( »ii*'»v Uu 1 m-I. Iimv 

I llflvp j»niit^il If j>ipr»ifi ilnMri-r I'M "N'r.iMr •■ mmiI 
itHnfi«« nn'l Irn Mi-ii hrtvp ilrl* iv»'il it Iri-t. /\iul uf 

lUM't ull'MII lie pipilerl, |fi|» liM"»l |livli"»1 IliM witli 

»|»MH M t»'in'Ml<i'»1, tliflt li'iti'Mvhit 'if il»p iMuii/ 111 

JlHl, liMUeullMt Pl IliniP Pfjunl ih'MI'jJ'l?. l"Minvv|»M 

Iff iiini i»»nl nuMp IvmmI v»»iIp4 i** y»M v. ■mMnii 

rhf»«PVPI flip lll'J llllf'J", IU» p"'*t I'l" I'M'MI iniM«> 11- 

illv pi.iilpil. I. I'll! i'lflipinl"'i lifl-i I «i'l, h** infli'i" «• 
U i'm'U* nil mpii I AtlfHlMii, in liU ii« • tiiiht i»l Oir* 
jlilli jMM'i*. Uini l»i» iinpif»vpil iip»»M il"» I l»»bnfi hiiil 1 
|lui(p i«f MiiiMHutinMi iifMin lii<i rt*ttilini(iii>. itint Im 
ihp I'Mjililli I'iiiiUr. ilip lliMn»»»« Hi" \ »i|nl, ilip I v. 
It, iIh' (ilmy t'l lij-* Tiinpij. Ami. »uti» •» (p|. » tu the 
lliMpfi* mI Iih Muint*PM« ihp I'liMjiii'Mi Spi lit ttIN ih. 
L if hii ypiii"< in (niitp hint cm I'mn umi no I'tli imk) 
riiijt rt^ nMi» WMuM liMvr tlipin, il wn< l»i< rlmii p, niul 
lii« r>»iil«. 

tuli ij« ilip rt|M'lrtii(p InvifliPil iM» fi >viii'M wUn \^ nmv 
nin tpfltl. 'Mirit lip t(uiU) pvpi hv pli»»"in»»il i\9 •! Tiii- 
Ir |ii»»*l. is n riirioii!» Utt-'t-fliv plif'MiniiiHiiii'i. He m- 
y iniHt'i-k hi«» i»\mi j3»M»iii«, v li»-ii In* i)iini|t)it iW iini- 
Mg rinlnr. Up int'iMy inlllf'uli tlir ^•-Mil|o(ff PiMitnr, 
»n h»* thiMinlu lii«» «M\n iiMhhpriPi l*'ntjinpMi«» «miI 
nlipl'* Imip tM»» |p;ilt ifi'MnMnnip III iliM uil'l, ypt le- 
ir liililitniiv nT ih'» 'lliplnM, llr nr|iln'1*»'l pven 
Te (niiHM, ilip IliMphf, n«Millinpl»*». mhiI pp. •.)»., \\|iiil| 

II iiuilfltivp iImIppI** I '111 «Mpv. ''•il'Iini'* iin'i{!i.i V, vp- 
ipti! p'itlii««!. pii'iii I'M', w liii II • i>i«ilit iitH tlip ell^'tu'f* 
tlip J'iinlMiif «"1»-. MP' JMUMnpMiil'l- y\\\U winv irn- 
«, nitiiiMri' Mni'Mlif|i'«, mimI vpIu:^ P^plplllMll. r\l| 
Te iliipiv lliP nMilm'H ff t|Mliln'»;i»i» (iiinpti(iii(tif« nr 

nienniipls nf n liiMn itiitnl • I»m|Ii of llirin innjl ip. 
ItiAlil In lltP fiiily Piinlniii' ml'', in \Oii(li nil Is inp- 
JUS Alid nubtet Wit nf nny kiiul ^^ullld lieimpin. 



OK 

from aflt^cd profc. Such poetry may jullly 
ridiculous title of Profe run mad. 

Yet is there fomctimes interwoven n purple 
Horace calls it ; a fine cxprcflion» a truly poetical 
an hnrmonious couplet ; but it occurs not often < 
rcpnv the reader for the toilfome tafk of wadini 
a teJious aflcnihlngc of liifpro portioned and o 
llanzas. Of fuch confill his Pindarics ; which 
they procured him the grcatcll (hare of his re 
deferred it leaft. Many of his other poems, i 
fider the rude llaic of vcrfiHcation, and the ba 
the times, have great merit ; and had he made 
his model, inllead of Pindar, his claim to the 
of elegiac poets had not been called in quellic 
tendcrncfs of love, and the foft language of cc 
were adapted to his genius. Hul ho chofc to tr< 
fmuRcps of Alcji'us, as he fays himfelf, who, i 
to the Halicarnailian, combined the ^m-j ^^-'pv 
or adopted the grand, as well as the fwoct. 

That he had a tallc for Latin poetry, and w 
with elegance, the well knov\n Kpiiaph on hin 
on his rciiicment, and an admirable imitation oi 
are full proofs. Hut, furcly, his ihctorical hi 
makes ufe of the figure hypiMbole, when he afJ 
Cowley has excelled the R^Mnan^ ih^mfolves. 



! 



H^'*. 17 1. MORA i„ ^c. jr,^ 

t\\^\\\ Htiil cnnlrttiplitlinii ipiitlilifMl Itiin lnr ft tnniMlifl ( 
Bt^O il i^ rtllli'll In \^r l.iiiirnlpil, llml lit« ilhl iiiH drviilr 
N]^>"iir|- |iitil nl liii tiiiir III II kind nl wiitiiijr whii )i 
HPj-i-.iinl ||;||lirMl tit lllllt, mill ill wIlK II In* I'lli'llril. 
'I Iw l:iii)rii.ip,r' t>t Im liriii lliiiipq fiitlli ill llir liMlr ho 
Jifi I I'll ii'j, mill wr- imiii<it liiti liivi* H, 

^hll II ititiir III tliMt I iti}Mi.i}rr wiMilil Itivr ili*lrrri(|p(l 
fii I'liltniiy, il liiM liii'Mih. liMin n inillthrii n}iitiinit nf 

:ili*(>M''l V. Ililtj Mill lll|i|i|r|li i| jiiq |it ivillt* U'llrM. I)i. 
ipi.irt nil I Mi.< IiIImmI wr I'-iivuwriHv |iiilli'(lri| iil itiniiyj 
mill illf Vny triiliiii itlli^Mi''il hyllir tiiM|Mii|iliri, fitl tlirjl 
(lIPpK'niuii, lliniilil li.ii'i* ii|ii-|.itril in llini |tiililli illliHt. 
I'lir liii'M ilt.M |i(ir<i lif I \vr I It iKiMii iil;ii fiiimU, lityfl lir, 
il (It'-y MM' wiMirii i\*i lliry iiii}tfil 1(1 li'*« lliiit it, I liljipfifr, 
ill Mil mlli'U iii;iiitirr, 1 mi lifiiirly rvti hr lit tn irr thr 
)i){)it. Iliivv (tiriil :iii iiijiii V WMiil'l |MiliiM lntiiiiii)i Iiav* 
fiilliiitMMl.il ilir irif<iiii«nl CiirittliiKl llinti^lii tiku S|iiiiU 
ami t'lillntd! 

'f*)ipy wnnld lif«l(ri liitvr niMriiltril \hr trpiiinlinii nT 
lite port, Imd tliry pKiinMiiH nj thr I'itid.'tMii unlit ttt Inn 
thff Ij^tilt ridliiii'i« in {M iii-inl, wniild in'l itinir IimiiOIII 
tlilyf 111 PMltiltiMii^ iiiily iIh' lirfl til thrii iinllnit**! pin- 
liudllnnK, iltrth in pi.iiiiiijt, hm wpII u^ pnlilillnnp,, ittl 
flirti lull ruilpii fitini liii pni. lint, in ttiitli, tn Intvff 
Iff't tMtt Mtiy putt nf Itii piM-iiiq, wiiiild, in iltut nur. Iiuvn 
hmi nn nnpiiidonHlilc I'lnillinn ; Ini- wlio Iliniilil dmr tti 
intiiilritr 11 I'lndiii f 

'ritnn« tlir frirrti nililtri tiT irpninlinn, Itiiq iilirndy lir- 
jrihi Iti lliip ilir port nl Inn liiiMnwrd ttiinniito. A iiiliCt 
whole KPtiiiM Mnd jndjrnirni krrp pm r with rnch oilirr, 
Mhil wllti ijllimitlrtlp*! I'vriy Intijri'l nii wliii 11 lir trPill«t 
lirtR nlltilK'd (*'iw]i'y Iim jult fpn iri nl piitili', mid Iimii 
||lvpn ill'* wtiild« in n jiMliiinnd lidrdiun ul hiq wntki*, 

all lllrtt llir*y pdlli-lli'd nl ir.il Vtlllli'. 

()| llird* thr prnir Inini'i ii piiiii ip.il pittl. tl i« will- 
Ini In A llylr Inlliiirntly llifivinif In ptnvn llml ( 'nwlry 
wn^ nnl tlrllitiitr nl n iiinrK :il 'mi ; 11 i in niiid-ini p vvlin fi 
ftMtnl(*niint rq tliP npiiiinii nl tliiilr wlm niMinliiMi llnit lie 
Nn'rnpd n in^.i^i'd llylr. W;t') it -.t 1 mttpli mi r wiili ili(« 
Irtiln ol' ittr ii^p, tJiiit iiidiH I'd liiiii tn mIIci'I ilrliiiiinty T 
t fnrnttiiii itp intnplimiip wiilt >t iliMdntuldp inllr. |lr% 
fi!t v/vll rt4 tliry wlmin lit iiniiiit< d, Puwuo v^\\v\ \\\\\\\Vx\n « 




K>iiuii> I tiui ih«t All itf gUctfil Uif ii'^^"* I'l 
ml. anil will. iK*rvli>r«, lonn U numbrH 
ikuh i|ini« frlvliruK.! »f|l(ri, nhiM* uillliv IK 



Nu. CI.XXIV. OURWHV ANH OK 
tirNTI OH TMIi UKOICIt Ul> KOQH 



XHtl ilMitliyot lt<>t>l>MtAiwc«ni»rl»*|(fl 
iirliit'i|i«l ohftnf 1« io ihn mlvitDrf mom wl' 

ilii.kix III lii> . Itoi.'', iiiul Uv >liil\ihi>^ i>i> met 

in ,,-,ul .ill" I I.. M »ll IVlhkv'^., WfiuUi r 

.UMiii.>,nn.i..l -iltmhoi .lnMot! iIib l.mgfft lil 
ai< .\iiii'.KIii\i.tn 'I'll rcul mily ih^ mull it 
viiiirii ill A low Uiigiiatti, u ail enij>li>vinem 
li. nil up tviiv lui.li i.t liMii'ii. it|ij>liiati.iii. 
take then «f rating liiur, mu.I oI Oiio'ting 

ii> liiyytll U.111U aciitidl liiiii=, iiliiili nirt| i^iiJ 
laii: li-lei'luin. 

Unc Jiili! Hi llio tlt'itclt i-tinri-yiuciire i>, to r 
(u ihuHi;, |h.;o>i>;lii«lnv.iil.'.iu»lUlit't,«nm 



liilliv ^' 



Jill 



rii 



. W ,.1'klVuloil llu' llill UIII..IIU1 

-riic LiiiiiiUuini iiiiul W I,.i0 ,U>|', ..iiJ Mime 

1.1:11, iiJ>. 't'lu^ lii|.viil.u:iiii.- uill .^t.. Ii 

i i.i.-^ii,.u.l .i|>i.i-,..l, .);.■.. W h>-,i !>,■ Iimo It 

n.ll! U0i,|ll.:. 1,1 .ll.ilX mKiI ha\.' liu.t U,t II. 

tttirive iiiiiili |ilr.ilmB tumi HU.'ii.Un; lo ihe ^ 
JilligUti wl timWHiv^uv*v\ ^;v\\«, Wvii, lu l.i 



"Nn. i7'|» 



M I) tt A r , A'^. 



1^' 



tifMf'M to trt ri<l||t'^4 iti**' tU»* f'Htl |l-MMfi»Mt ill lt|l> f illfMi-t^ 

itM ►"liHn* li» lit- '"ii'l 

It *t ^t'r* Mft I'-l'' iM'liKdpitiMii.' ili'Mi |ii|«i>t lliiiiii- lit M't 
|1|»'{». l]jl^ riiiifi" ill ill*' » li"i' !■ I I 'ti»i||Mtrt, |M fill- |i 'nni il 
t\m \\^ III'M' VIXIM*-, 4«iiliM«il fii iMnmi •-, t'l |iiiiMi Mill 
rt f*'rt* P< ill*' iiMilii* nf ill" piimit Hiul }iiiiPiii|Mi|.- )'M| il. 

Infill ;1 ilpr>(iM III f|li|i|»-t iM|>* HI f'li flililc Im>! I'lliiiiir 

Hm ivlm !•• Mi|>*r|MC rtii ill" lliifli- itf 'li'iMiii, i.ilt p-i 
tl«t'»|lv r|»'Vnl>^ III"* n»il fiMMHi^U In |l|»' |i I ipiHi*"' 'I |i" 
fltiulMrtl iMMl'MflpI* Hf lIlH I ll'l I »n'MH»-nl \t iifi.'ii Mf|. 
hllM'Vtl HVHII IM ill* Iv'ltMMil Mini iiin» nitUM J 'HmI mh» 

wIiIiIImiii|}m|* t^lifll Imimm Piilif- Ii-mm, i^ i» r»-i-. »tlli 
pinMv rilil^'i ¥»'»! MM lh»* ImI'I-''!. ilii- M».nl».ri nf li, iiiiit|iti 

tM^p?*''^"* ^" ^"''^"l*( lM"ll'i»-'i •**fl« MMl' l| rlil'ifi I •iiilirii'. 

\\\\\ lhi» fcii'u* Iti'lttH nf fill-!' i- iii'DipMitiMlih iiMi hilrii r, 
ir Hif-Mlhiiv !•• f'MHii>*»l -H M |H"f' Hi ■II. 

*rii»' Mi»«|'l*» Iff ''I H'lii-j r"'il I I'lHM •li»' fiifiifll fli'ii^ iif 
m»>*MMMM in til- |i»ImI'iI tif ill" M|.| rillMiiiMHi |ii, 
tiMtll'* IHItM'lMi'HuM In til" '•»M«lv iif ill*' PiMf.lin i".. rlH 

h^ rt Olfli'l^'lll t'lI'lM ffl| |lll«h-i|M»||| M|tpti» Mlinll |ti IIm'III 

*rii Illlll1lflt»' lIlM Nh'V I "llMfMiMi, i» rill I'l" i*iM|ii'» IM 
llJiV** U-MMI'I'l* In I'nM '•» h'\ In i», In |i-ip|»'': flmi'. »n 
tjK?l?** Mil lIlM I'.pllll"-*, Jllfl »" ri"»'H nil •It" .^ |iM. .i|-, j.|i. 
\Vill| iIi'-Im fi|tll1'IM» r'4 lip- (tif'ir'iil, r Im (•• iii«| >!• fii li.iit i|t 

flrtlMlf'l jllili'V, T I'l •••••I •■ •♦ • "iMp' '» III jiinli. j. |i» . fc « • •! 
({liiHtl tl If il>l<||l't IxI'll I ■,- Ml !' I- I I t l|i.|t. til , I i I'l.- |<r I I • -I 
f}l»*i •* III' 'l li'M" |i|iil»|»»l ill" liii'l-, til ■'•♦iniM. ••■ il !• 
I-mINxI » It'll i|i>i|ti- {••■i-fi-l ir-iiii'M-liiitliiiii 

"I ||M |Ih'||'|i| ill iili , <»' «■ r •■Miifi'<i|l I i III I m'Im* •■■' l»i |lii» 
It liH'-'. U'-' !"' ''^ i' ''I '* 1' *' Mi jfi'l >i I ••! ^ ■ Im III |<i I ill I'li'K-^ 
III :»* |p'»l* 'li**'! . !♦•• 'I'tnJi' iif hm'Iihii. NmIim-iI mh'I 

^(•|ii<< ]im>M*mI l-i»l'»", ill "Il |l' •• I ■■ mifil 'I'l^M' , Ml" ill 
|('MI» |l».| I »■•■ f "•iliilil" ill lii« f HI • II- I M'i < 'III* ' iii"lil . I Ii>-|m 
f|lii»|i* f* ill ii4i|.-i il (t-ii'li t liilP iiir;' » ii'M." ill III - I ln("l, l<||| 
t*. 'I fM Mil liiil" ••! I'l" |i».>l|j»l.. I'iiliiiiii ».t||i.| ^Irt. Im 
I Iif I" Ihiill If** ••'l*J» »t r* ii'mII "» • m" •••»• n^(''M MliMii »«f ||i^ 
Jhmm'"! It'll!"* ill "11 i'-' ' i» JUii ifli-.? iif li'-'ililt, »|>(i-;i(f, 
I* I III r r- jf I 'ill- 1- i'iii " I |i" I ■■•!•' • II ji •"♦ I M Jfi> •!* I Hi •ii "I V •!»■ 

)|»|» '(I' r1 , Jo |»-ll|l>l In l«l> l||l> t'l II III! r I' I Mill- I) It I )* ll"l H '11 • 

||i!i| pI'lrlilM 'Mill »<|i|rl • Mliiiii "III IM M Im>Imi|. .'^(ll'tM I" 

)tl t'»'|l*l't| ltl'|ll|iti- MM-I illllifi'ui III. 

"I II ill" |ii|if"ll'"l I'lrt"!'!, <'tni>'lv '.\\^^ U\M»V «*N\ sV\^ 
lil)<j^/'? /»/ //fH' I* iMlllMfuUiMn IM \\\»-\v\'*. Ww ^v- ^V^v 



vince. Let him, iifter h.ivin^ lludicd p^raini 
the elcnicnCii oi* Jintiii and Greek, digcil the 
of Harris, and ihr Introduilion of Lowth. 

The art of rhetoric never yet formed nn Knp 
tor. It is one of thole artifuial aHiilaneea ol 
which genius wants not. and of which dulnrfs < 
avail itieir. lint as there ate excellent hooks w 
It, the ;>,ener.il d hol.ir iiuill pay it his attentii 
hln\ then icad C'iceioon the Orator, and (^lii 
Inllitntes, and he need not tronhle hinifelf w 
inea}*,re tteatilei which p,ivc a h:ird name to ih« 
jnode:i of rxpitilitui, and tench ns that, like ij 
we caniioi ope our mouths, hut out there llici a 

lie who is iniprlled by necellity or inclinati( 
tend to lo^.ic, may with propriety negleH all 
liifli of the Ichools, and, next to the Stat^yiite 
lludy only the woiL:; ot'Saunderfon, Wullis, \V 
llariiM. 

If the barren lidd <)f metaphylics is ever c: 
repayin)); the toil ni cultivation, it can only 
the attention is confined to liich anthorTi a: 
llueheion. ami llcattie. 

if ethics are to be confnlered in the fyilemai 
thod of a fcience, the nu>ral pliilofnphy of I 
may be recon\ mended as one of the clraiell, 



Ko. J74. M O R A Ji, .le. 369 

of Horace, may he ftnt in wrap up frankincenftf an J 
perAjiiictt, the only way in wliirli tlu-y can now hr ulc- 
ful. He to whom ihu worlva ni' the {i;fc*a( philurDpher 
are untelligihie, may ariiuicrir wiih iiuutiiy in ihi^ iU 
lullratioiia uf I'cmherion anil Rnwnin^^. 'I'hc* lover uf 
natural hillory, vioolii^ry, hihI IxiL.iny, will ma he; at 4 
loftf in the fclr^tion of book^, wliiht fanu: U'(iiunil:i ihd 
nameii of Huftbn, ni' I'cnnant, lA' Jjnn.im. The Ko« 
maiiceii of I'liny and hin iaiiiaioj:! will have no cliainu 
with the lover of iniih. 

To the dajlical liholar, llu* proper liookn arc ufnally 
pointed out uy tlir rupriinirndani^i of his ('duration i 
and when niicn he ha-i tailed ilicni, hi^i ov\n Liiiiivau'd 
firelingfi will dire.H him in the ( licit r of nioilcin pio* 

tilu^tions. Kvvty one kn^iwb who wne the bell authnjd 
in the Angullan age; and the ihie/ r.ujiion lu'LviWiiy i.i, 
that the text of a Vit^il, a lloi at c, an < )vi>l, may not be 
loll in the aiieniion ^.Mvcn to ilu^ (CiliiMib ( mnrnruiii of a 
few Dutchmen. I have known lliofc- wlm have loileil 
through the daflic.^, ^^/M a^/n 'v a riorum^ ntmh U'd ai- 
4Uainted with ihrni than lie who m-vt r \v.u\ iluni biic 
In Sandby*ti edition. In atiendinii; tn liuinian and lU'in- 
flUii, they overhud^ed ihr ti'Xl ; uhii h w.im loll likr ;i 
i jewel in a dunj^hill. '1 lu-fe laboiion^ anniii.iitjr:! explain 
^ what neeiin not ex'planatiim, and, with a little ciitiiMi 
b knavery, pafu by a nal dillimliy wiihoui noiice. 1 am 
' convinced that a taile for the cla/lii •! ifi laihi-r impeded 
than promoted by the D.mpliin ediiiiin, in which boya 
are initiated ; but in which the woiili kA' the author are 
chuuked, like wholefonic pl.tni'i annin}', wnd.., by tho 
noreb and inreipieiaiinn. To be pcilji'lird id (ommentei 
on the cladicb iu howiver derirable, Ww diilicnliiei will 
fonietimes occur whii li ai full li(;lii perplex the moll in-* 
genious ; but i IhouM ))iefrr, liircoininon reaiiin^'., inch 
rUilionti hh that of |(nie:i'b Ibnace. 

Diredfcionb for the fonnadon id' the l.tdy's librnry 
have often been wanted by tlude, who, with an incli- 
nation for the ele^',;inl aihufenient of reading;, have bren 
unable to indulge it without danjM 1, becauli: ihi-y had 
none to (Miiile them in their choite. In niv humble 
opinion, tite following book'« mi}^iil li.ive a pbue in it, 
nut only without haii.iid of ill cutilc>|ut'nir:i, but with 

U 5 iJieal 



Frf ncli BudIii iirc rrquircd, ihafe of Boiluau, F 
Lc I'luche, and Tome Tcltifl piccea nf Voltffite i 
feau, may with prai>ricty ba admitted. No 
friircJ, will not Be ciifjicnfril wirh : Thofe th 
charJlbii and Pirldjni* are alluwcd, yet not « 
luOancc. I'.vcrv thine iniirli-:atc wiil of" con 
cluklrd i liiiC )icrlin|<s inrrr i) not li;lii diinjrrr 
rntlcd ifrKinienial. Tlicy attnik ihc hrnrt 
ccl'sfully, ItchuTc more cnuiioully. H'-ligl 
will Jind a plmc, but not witliout rcliritlion ; 
is .1 CpiTic* nf dcviiiiiinal com fofi lion, wliic 
llamirifr (he p.iDikinii nnd imRginntion, com 
currupiicn, wliilf it li^nn:i to promote the wnrr 
From ihcir tiiilihiliiv cf hrnrt and warmth 
ihc kiCuT ie\ U I'tippori'd to l)c moll indinei 
the CiTors ut' iiiylli.s und rnthkilhilla. 



nitV RKMAKKS 



No, f7?. MORA T.p .^'C. J>i 

•* flin (nr^n, wlml^ vrrv Hjcmt'j, wlwn ili'Tntril l»y the 
*• tiiit't liiJilU 'Mil licivv wiilf it rdiiiriiiiiri lluw. ; Ti^ 
" HoinrrVi fyrtiim, wltcn rhliinfr jutn all tlmlr (.ilnilndii 
•• :in(l irinrilihlr r.iini»liii);'i nl IMvdri. (lii-wi |il;iiiilv 
" hnw fiiMitnr ii niur h;i«i hern. J :nii (pr.ikiii}; u( oM 
•• t\\\r, \}\\i if ii llir dill jij^c nl IfniiH'l.'* 

It In crrtitiii, th.tt il* llir* < )ily|['-y ii dciI tn Ur pl.icrtl 
in ihr i;\\])r ti\u\{ with ilu* lli.iil, /u iiMilin I'tu'lit tl Kt 
olitrtin to low :i (liiCs ni in lii< ovrrltinkril .'in>i ilirrrtMid- 
ffl. It )l:iK« liowrvrr, |i''rii lu'/Jcsli'd liy tlir iiiiMlitm, 
Rtul lliry who h.ivr lirm mMc to m iir.ti lUr Iti;ii1, huvc 
fcni'crly ilrijMird lo ir;iil ihr Oilv/tiv. F'.vrry Irliool- 
tiny \n n(-i|li:liiMr(| wilh ihr i\\\y^rt nf Athillr'i iitid it!f 
r(»nrr«|ii«*ii«Ti, whilr hr iirirh»*r- luinwj iini in (nlirilnui 
tn WiW'w thr {iilvriiriii*'. nl'ihi' wilr Dlydi-. : ihnu^Wi wil- 
ilnni, il 111,1V lir liippii(i'it, wmiM Itr ininitmiily .i brltrr 
inndr) fnr hii iiiiii.iiinii ili.ni vmIhiii. 

An iiH'r*nij)»n wiiirr h.ii riiilr.nunrrd to vitidii.ilr th^? 
Od^iVr'V ftoMi ihr nr}',lrrl iti whi(h it h.iN tniif, I. tin ; luit 
n pi'r)Mi(rr'(iiMii in f'.ivi>ui nl rri.dilifhrd nidnni'-, hat hi- 
thrrtn ]iM*v<'iitrd mir inihlic h hnid'i Imtii (idillinniiif;; il 
in the innni id' ihr* Hi. id. 'I'h.it xhr IIi.pI (hoiitd If i\r~ 
|rlr^)ril if) nnr indred in lir willic I. hut ih.ii il IliuiiM 
rn[',mri nur whnh' Mitnilinn, In ihc iit'ri rx( itifinn ni 
ihr Oilydry, i^ trri.iinly iinHMluiMldi-. 

The llt:id pirlrut', IP. wilh .i mnjdi prnlprn, lilr tint 
of lii};h niniititatii?., (i<ii^)>y inik-., ,\ih\ lii;iinMMi (iit.i- 
rn^t^ ; whilr ihr Odvlh'V rxhilnt. ;i fi»ltrr d > tic. (titit 
ru)^,};rl1fi idr.i- (itnil.ti m ilinCr whnh^iiid* finin (hcl.iniU 
frtijir, whr^rr (dl ii mild, (ririit', :iiitl InMiiiitiil. 'rho 
Onr in like llir |)iiMiiiV'i nl' I'niiHin, ihr ntltiM lil,r ihnh* 
of Clniidr l.nniii. A nMiIri' .idiitiii". lh<' ill. id, bill he 
lovrn I ho Odylli'v. 

Thf wnil '. id IliMiirr ;ipprMird i\) • nIv in ih'- nniM. 
and liner their .ip|WMi,nii v h.ivc Im*. n Id In i|Mf iitiv pi lili d 
mill illiillriii(*d, ih.K it! tins Lite pr riml it ii nni iM'trd'ny 
to :idvl In lh<' )Friin-.il p.iiii :• VI u'. .'iti(!i c ii i.« i« < •hihikmiiI 
the prrufiil III ,1 irw .miliiu';, wldi h iiiiy « h'-n •!»'' ^v.iy to 
thr llndy n| ilir ( ) l\ II' v. Aiimti!' ilnii*, uw ihr p.ipnrt 
in thr Advi'iiliin r n'l ihn in'-iii'l. I'iiiir''< Nnii'i t>» liid 
TrannjUintt, .md .iliuvi" nil i\)i. <|mi((**-i w i v < ■' ',.>|)I 
Aud in^cnioua I'.ll.i). '\< tn ihc 'L't.iull.ilinn iil< II. it 



many bpAutifut iiAfliigPM tntt as n trinllAtion, i 
harm unworthy tlic reiiutation it hfts nbtflined. 

To retifui-e fo cpleorAt^d a tiAitie, might if 
togntit in An initiviihiAJ* wi*rp he not fuppu 
ttiAny And judinuuit ciiliiflt Mr. bppnie, whnCe 
U dpiiCivc, And, infiftr nmniHrn^ points nul df 
ToprS 'I'innilfllitin, whirh cnnld nrvpf hflvr rf 
£rrAt A pnrt Inil horn hAltrnnd wcnrinpffi. In th 
rope WA.^ Afltlled hy inlcriur writrrK ; tint ah tli 
iR pnblinird undri* hin nAmr, hr wili ever he Ani 
for itfl f'AuUn. The tinnflntinn nf the Hind, ll 
very exiellent tnmlrl of verlifitAtion, exhibit!) n 
|niMure of the (iniplr, yet mngnifirmt, Mnnmir 

Mr. Spcncr*!) lUthy, nt the Inme time thnt it 
hilni the drffirniiiirn of the Tinn(tAtinn« will i 
tnlie for the lirniitipfl ni the nii^innl % And, indi 

f;eneifll ipmArli!>), whit h Atr intPilpprftd with the 
iiduinrnt And ele^nnip, will roniribute to trAi 
invllioti of iiitic'ihn in (dm(*lt every (pPiieK of \\\ 
Mr. Spcnie was a truly i Inflicnl wiitrr. lie 
1pr<i nniinble in hit niAnnerfi thon plertfing in his 
tions. Thnt he thirfly wrote in diAlogur is I 
nirntpd j for thAt form, whrre the prrfons nre (i 
hAs (rhhim bepn Approved in England, thou| 
nftcn rnewceded in I'rAncet 



Noi i^rtf 



M O tl A l.< X0. 



ir« 



! ■ i m ii nr iii 



TTi. 



l*l«kMMHM«Mb4 



I inrt'Md I -^Ni-p^ P PdlMM I INN t in: i}|i r.« I .wi 
I'M AM A. 



htiilt I »*U'|il:tl»'il J ftltll !•( (ItM |i||ttliii ttniM iif ^|l. 

l«ll|t( t»*«. tim (|>lli)Ml4 't'vlMllMtl4 14 ltl>* Itllill t'Vi l|l»-|l| , 
It lift 4 (llMul llu* hii !•( (ItM lit Ml I- It I lilil illlti Itl»' |IMilU>« 

«( Ittni*. pUi H. mil) ftt'1i(iii4 niM iiivinl'iMy i>i» Ki s i •! • rtM>4 

1 1iltf> flit* 'r»rt|iMtv lfitixfii'4 lliM iiilit« uliii jtH){:»» h l«y 

III* Ifl^Xi lt| AtiltlillPf ll {•li'lllHa lli»> fnhiMiiiii iM'tili'i rtiiil 

"ppriftiMi, t^llll f««Mit9 tiU M)<itili«M fifhi ih^ fl'l•lill^4 i.| 

«{« lltllH^. Nl*VMI WII4 llt»'lp n Iftlr* lni>li> fiMiriiii^ llftrt 
tttt l>( l|iiM|MI«< •IMit IH't^Ml Wt4 il IkIiI «Mi<M' ixilltMii 

rtllv llt'iii liv iMiiitliiM l»«4 Mfiiif n i»"ti tifo ii »'^tti»'i| 
'iinit nil r'NiliMiiifiii fitt»li»*tii M, ^ tiiilp lti'tit« «^>>i»> I'Vmi 

titf'lv lillt l>|«liM»» •«! tilM |H|llHtt»'lt|a III ItlMII'tllilV • hill 

:ltl> ii(>H ll-fllinfMinn »>f h I^'mmM inti i.>|ii'illv |i|p>iU. In ^ 
tH'itptn itiPftllH. Mftnv Mitui •tii|i'4 mI iix IfiilttiP iitfiy 
«(» nl^^hp»l4 I«^'liilp4 tttm liiit|>liiiiv. rttiKit'MiN. 'Mt'l in 

HHtlptfr'^llr •>( htl«ip« lUtil It itlM lllltp 111 lllf I|iin)pltt4 U 

i«M ttttM It viUitiMii lit t»^)>ni. 

th lltp (lilt pirtip, il tiMilt t<M miiliitiiiMl, |||.|| ^vpiv 
i|ittilt;t( I nltl|Mtlili(«ii iiiiill I>«|m iMitiMiltiii^ mI ii4 Iimmimv 
>«i|M itif* tti'lt |irtllll;Hii*it II 14 f\ iMiniitfii ii>inM|li, it,.|| 
hi* rpilil («( rtltnUlltiM, lil'M llt'H III iniiiii I'lli III ( >, ».^ .| 
ihlftl*** )*v lirtn4hHiiMi. I'lMi-inM inrtititi'i>i. «Htit lMl•'l^|| 
ttltMMt4. rtIM li'lilnlit llinlpllliiiMl I'V A i ••ItilliMit rilnli^iM i<« 
iml ft« IpIiImim rtfpiiivi»l 'lite iiinjuMiv I'f mm li|i|ilii|| 
tMllt»*IIIP iIlP lll»?t» i|iinihUit \>illl finlii Ml Icn ititi^! , •hhI 
ftll Intfp »tM |i)prtliiii' ill lit»' Il I'lMlMiiiiititiit ii( ini'ii 'iii.| 
lilllfi* w Ml II lifivp UMl l'»lli'ii iHiitMi ilii'li MniiiM. ,\»li| 

M lltU, lIlMl lllPy liM P IM !»•»> 'I Iftlll'iti^ii litHtlfr"! iMI iIimIi 

iWit |tiMiMip4, HI nil Iiiitiiiip4 in «Uiii It ilii v nip in Iimiim 
t1(|ltltf*f MP'hIv llH»'l»'ltpit. \\' lu'U MftI • (|i»'Mii.'4 tiijlii 

hit) illitlMrti rtip ip^mhIhiiI^iI, iIip) It-^l i>4 KMnliiliitivit iit 

vsws 



)74 ESSAY S, No. i-S. 

wery emi t ttev tnk? jan wtth rtetr BdivurJi tod I 

llriiric-*, HI frirriJt uriLl r^llnw-otiintrymfn 1 thrytjlDry j 
in (heir ruccafT*), anil (ympitltiie w'nh their iniiruMunti. J 
'I'll B limiUr ciriumltnnce muy purt ut' the appUuft, 1 
which the Allitnianj beHowed <mi thU Ttigtiy of So- 
jthocloi, be ■ittibiitfd i for (Idipui win klnj of i 
nrif,hbi)uiing couniry. tvith which the AthcnUo* wcie 
sKvuvi intimntely rnitiiedcil cither In war or peace. 

Tl)<recan(ideraikin« Ihould reich ut to content our 
IVIvm with admiring SopUoclca in the clofci, without at< 
temptin)t to obtruile him on the Itxgc, which mufl alwayt 
•{.-ommodale iifrlf to the tnlte ol the limei, whether un- , 
re-ifonHble or Jul, conUltrni or cnpricinaa. 

Ill truth, the warmf ft admirer nf nntienc Greek porirjr 
mud acltnowledfoa biirrenneft of invention in (hechoitfl 
of fubjciU. The Trojan wir, (ind the misfortunef of 
the Thebnn kinf;, Rreelmod the nnly fources from which 
ihoft RreM miinrr« of CiiitipnAtlon, Hnmtv, it^fchvlu*, 
i'.urtpide*. and Sophuclri, hire drrlred thrtr futiirft 
mnitcr. I'hey have. Indeed, embilltthed th«fc liitlt 

fiBTt* of hiltor}' with ill the Are of ima|{iniiion and me- 
ndy (if poetry i but U it not ftr«pi;>e. thai in fi miititiir 

EEll.',.,.,^.'..^,' : ; \J: 

the worn.iuii llmic^ of s wt.odeii lii-rr,', iin.l a Sphiin'i 
rldJIp i It is dilikiilt fur an age like ilic prefr\n. wliich 
hun[^cr« and thirib after novelty, to concciv<- th:it an 
Bmliriice could lit with patience during the rctital of a 
llo'V whii'h n1! mull have ht-iird :i tboiifand limes ; efpe- 
ci^il'lv .'!< it wai ima.lorncd with the n]<-rcErJcinni nrtifico 
t>f plavrri, wilh tliiinilcr and lijllHnim;, hail and rain, 
lulling bdls and liiifcl giirmenti. 

lint the (iinisncit of the llory in ihc Grecian poeti 
brc;iiiio ajiccable to ilie audience, through that ve- 
'n(-r:ui()ii which every reconl of annrnt hiKory de- 
riaiuN. 'I'liat the liory on whiih a dramatic p'>rm ii 
founded, Ihoiitd not lie of modrrn .latr, hai, I think, 
bcrn laid diiwn ns :i rule. Nnr \i ii the pn-rrpt of an 

IniJgiiiiiUQa alwayi exceeds reality. The vulgnr cnuM 
Kvet 



No, 176. MORAL, 8ic. 375 

nevwr prevail upon ilu'iiit'elvca tn Umk na dtnei, to tlid 
realiiy otvvhiili ihry liitvi'. ImMi fyuwiiiu-ircb, with lUt 
I'aiiu' ariliMir u^ uu lluilc wliuh ilu-y luvu |-L-i.kivkil hoiti 
tlu'ir cuu'elli)i':i, aiul huvc iMJiiii'd wiih itiu llruii|'i:ll id- 
Ifuu cm tlit'ir taiuy- In clii-ilii'iKc in tiiia niK*, tiits 
Ciitek {uii'ib look iltuir iuhji-t't:) tioiu Huiiciii lin't^ iiui. 
Vi:i(iilly kiutvvii, li(')it:v'ail| ciiul ailiiiiit:i) : itiiil the auili- 
eiitei-uu-iril (he: ihtairc, tu litfhiilil h livily jujmi Iciiutiiua 
lit the pikiuru alit'aily tDiiucil in ihririiwii inia^iitaii(ii). 

A iiiUiUrn iCUilci hati uoi a picpaiaiiiry diijiolliion of 
mind ntiviliiiv to icitivu all lUti pliaUou hniii theid 
ioiii|iUlllion(ij which iranl)'OiU'il an aniicni (ijick. IliS 
cloth not glow wiih thai {iaiiiotii' anlunr whiih he wunlit 
ift\ OH riadin^ {•hnituni ileciU ut a Mlnw-i'dnniiymaiia 
VkUcw llonicr lipiulmCb a hfru breaking ihe 'I'ligdn pha- 
Jiinx and cnkdunii-ring a ItiiUii-. Uc iUu-ii nm tnnlidiT 
an aniiciit 'i huhan m AiiuMiian involvcil in ihu [^uiir ot 
undiligni'd paiiiriih: i>r inn'it, ntaiiy t-nough idnnr^lL'd 
with hiih 10 exiiie hi.i h niii.iihy in a vinltni ilt^iLc ; lutt 
all it\tW ttt!\U\^h \\\ a Uit-ii.tii auilifnif, nriuliuni'd hy u 
(jieitan iuilercr, aLCiainl lui that iinidnmiou drli(;hc 
%\'hii h hc:y lonk in ihrn* diinnaiii' ii^puli-niiilion^, and 
Jiii till II iiixdnin liiim thai Litiuty vvliu h mi^Jil iiihiiwiiu 
liavi: liii-n lu'ialiuneil hy a linijdu and ii-iunau^d i.iL'. 

An l*nirli(li aiiUimLt.: ha^ laiidy Ihuvvn iiU:U nut lii 
avcrie htjni tht; aniiiiiL 'J ra^^vdy, ah wan iK\u':\vi\, Uy 
lib tavoiii.ihlr it'i'i [uifin ot I'Jfiiila ctnd L'aiai!'t<ttuti, wiit- 
(en on the lireiian niodt'l : hnt, [>eiiia|o, tliia event u 
not (o inutli (ti lid (i(iril)iiied to the revival ut the lehn- 
ed tatte ol an Atur aiiiienie, as 10 the inhitiahle avi- 
dity ui hiauihinj^ imm-. i he I'.n^hllt aie a^ linul ok' 
the x«»^(.v n in lili'icttiiiL', ab the AlliLuiiina wciis in pu ■ 
litirti : hut, wheihi;r ra}iiii:e 4ir a-alun, wlmln 1 t'tlle or 
fulhioh, gave iheni a Itivmiralile rcLepiinn nn ihc K\\[^- 
lilh itage, ii ib lenain thii Klliida and UiUrti''taLiib aid 
eUgant pueiub, ttiiincd trxattly on the anitcni nii)ilel| and 
may he icad wiili great oilv. image by ihnle vvlm wilh lu 
entertain a jnll idea ut the Uieck 'rra|;;edy without 4 
kuuwlt-'d^ti at the language. 



No* CLKKVIU 



.. f 



.-' 'Am 



>»* 



« a 9 A V I, 



Nil. 17T, 



No. CttXXVII. I'UKBOKV HRMAKKmiN tUMI 
or riU MtNUH INltUUM IMIKT*, 



w 



tt tn inN lit t1i« *)iI(11p Id iIin I'IUu, Ihitl itdfil- 
. . i'aI invtilucrliy it lnli)lir«til«i )'*! wt( flmi ihM 
IS)*li, of Iflftriui tu*ill HI wvJt lit I'ltitiP, am i««il Milh 
litfKl'ui*. 
It it uud, liiilrtJ, ih«i iht InuJ'lt in»lajv af\Ut ginvt 
it. I ■ ' 



I) (lourtil limh Uy \\\t Uik. th« bliukMn), ihv ihiuAii 
mttl iH« >il)ititiiiH<il»i liui It ii nn Uli ii»v, tli*i ilxli 
|Murn oil >ilit>ii TiIIpiI tiy llie IWvvl wtrtiUiii)) t>l' ili« Hit- 
HI*) uDkl ihp iwiMitRHlt. 'I'lia It'lly iviUr rl7«( tv«vfit)n 

«mlr,d,J. .In U- i,im.'...nvlhMi VfE^nll.M.. Il>>, 

him tl I>"il. »lllM>.llll..iM t HnkuJ 



vlll 



> >ll(. 



l'lu> Itill .lluliiltv ill lU>> I'oliU'fll I'l 



.Hlrtl llo.vu 

iel> i>t !(■ i»liim, 

illlinoilttpnilll ilM 
.'I. Mih.'u. I>iy 
no, ihn iiimtnomi 

iMlll tl,..l.>.l>, 



, ilw tJl-lltiUll I 



.1,1. ,. I- U>« 



lu III Hiiy t\i 



No, 177. MORA I., ki\ 577 

iiclili'ii'b f.itli: w;ii i-i|ii.il fo liiii It-.tiniiii'., |)riiVliiii i» in • 
ilri-il moll hiplily ililtlii}'UIII(ci|. 1 lit- l*iil)iillilnli t -^ 
itinViVii, III) liiuii: l« .lit I •iitil l)u. Ilnw It ii)«li) iil iIil- i> 

iliiiii.i /\(L'^iiiii|iiiiir ill wiiiiitii i. \'iiitiii, will I'lCiL-ia t\t 

icvividi ab il li.ij li.ilit Iil 4I 11.1 iil.liv liiit. 

'I'lu: ( iiJiidiliLi I Iff D'Awii.iiil li.i) liciii llii: (illi|i ^t 

(ii iri(ii.il 1 Kiiiinvi-i ly liiMii ilu: (iti)t: (il ii.i |iiiliiii •iiiiMi, 
lib |(t<iii w>i4 i<ii}',iiially il.U-iiiliil liy iIk* imimi IIoIjIu'bj 

Uilil iib r^ii I lllinii llil-i lu-ili }'|iitllv |i|.tfUil« Vit N .</ 
Iiiivc aiUiiLUil ii) il Milii any ^.l« .iliiK , .iiiil llill fi.-.\«r 

llHVi: lt.ul a iii-|ML'(: nl Ji.iMi-iiii: lillliinilL ID tuMI lltciil 
lllliMI{*ll lltc Jiinul.ti III il. 'I lii: Ulllll ia, lliC li.iii/'« 
wlliLll tip ailli|)ii:t|, i:. In lit 1 litltnj hi rli'j'i.K lliaii hi \iC- 

Mjic |}iiLUy. A lir.uiiihilly iii:|iii(>iivc naili|^i;, uiUi- 
rpL-lleil ill the Liiiiifr tii ivvii (i| iliiL-i: huiulicil liiu':i, (Vlti 
mil ulU'i/iaic ilic iciliiiiufif ilu* u It ; a-i an m laliniial llaiU 
lit li|jiiiiiiii^ laitiuii ilJiiiiiiiiiUi: lUc L(iiiiliiiii:ii ijluomiucU 

uf mi rxiciilivd j)ro(pcri'l. 

For (lie Jiinuiiir of I'iiiglilli liicuiurr, iiii'll id iln: |Mitf- 
{iciil iiriuiii^liiUiN Hliiili wcu* ailituicd in ilir ii:t^',M ut' 
C.'httrlcb, llididd nnw he ciinligiicil (o cvitilallinp, ntili- 
yiuiii 'i'lify diliday, iiidixd, u tpniiivc liLi-tiiiiiiHiu'lj 
bf tiliii'yi hut iliry arc iiiiniii:^! hryiiiid ihi^ L'k.iiiijdi: ul' 
any iigc;. StniiK id tlic hrll |iiiru ni llie iiint;>, anmii^, 
wlioni wtnti Miil^iav'i:, MmU:!, and Kidii'mnMHt, (Immi^U 
liidit'li^d ui Wll and hillc, |)U)duird iiuiliiui', wiijihy id' 
lian'Mjialiiy. 'I'lu* iimiuU id ilu: aj^c wrn aa liiciiiiuu;* 
fi» l\\c lalU i aihl ilic h)vr i,t jika/uic: iniruduictl an in-i 
didciii'ir, wliitli iiiliiiiihrd nui an H|i|ilii aiitm lulliiiint ui 
givtt (he lalt puliih lii ioiUiM t |rj<.iuii-. 

The lliiily (it ilie aniii'iiiA, ami (d ilu' I'limli, liii:i 
gradnally itdiiicd ilu- iiaiinnal iull>- hi a dii'iic id i«illi- 
dihiiii delu'iiiy 9 and vvihci.^ wttn liair |mi11( Unl 1 hiUn .tt 
bt'iiUiy have hrrn iiai i. jili admiialltin, lltmi^di ilu/ 
liiive had iioihini; h» li.i umntciitl ituni i>f liti: nMilicnf 
A Chaitc:» (he Mettind ui a 'i lilrv. 

The iiiMiihi'i id iiiinni }.•.. 1 . v li 1 ilil.lnrd I'lrat 
merit, yi:l Vvlm in-in iti h.uc i! .iVt-l II .lii l>"iii iiiiii.t 
lidll , i:i hit) U:diiJll'> (•! I iiiii.tii(< i'iii!.|. .ili>l I1..1 li m-h-I 

Sliiilli well* t liiii > I ..ii>l 1I.1II1..1I Ml .1 il. j'li i. hi|'i I it.i III 
llii'lr riiiitnn|ti.i.tiir.v I'iiilii'i li < > I'I-iS-uul .t tin: tiik 
jt illllldliuiit Vsilli an aiiiii.f . iil li i» iiilil.iiiLi: lt.tii«lv 



RKl I « « A y I, No. ir;< I 

•i]iull#i| by tnjr of hU fullAWr* Itui Hr-«wnf> Tti* 
I'll i-lfrt HHil Mlppolliti* (if (imltli hii« rv*r Itflrri itflii-mul 
A i;i>ii piwft, »nil ih» Iwniity of'ih" Hvic, «nil luitinxnif 
lit ihp vrilp, lull UK* ui III i«KrpnhHt li' llwil <■■ nnillUir 
Ir^' io'.<a»Cll.»ii, 

WJttitn III* I'liiiniu)' half ili« Ul) ciiiKury, n tli<r<M ta 
(niliMii iK« wxetillmii iHiiilflt nf mii- ni<')i> ivUlxMvd 
Wilt. ItM UKiwtlPil lli« inliliU* lAnkt wiili n miillliud* 
wo atrii to "biitlii, pvn fur ilic JitfMvlou ImUvMii*', 
•Hy (Tfy dininciillliijJ liim'-. Cliui Tni-t lint «ri[rn i/hf 
miiiihrr, Hiiil ni)i|iluiiti'il liitn n* ilio liii~<'<-r>lln)| w««* 

rf ilii'iii h*ii' mliiblivj nn hnrnidtihiiu viNlflmilnn, onil 
))««« MttUiA H piofufltin f>r ffiloiulU GNfii'irflimii I li>i< 
hnvt U\ ^timn\ bftfii dtlMrnihi iKiil nohln flrp, And 
ihoff llinpl* (rroof*, whirh murk orljilnnlliv of |*ni"<, 
'I'li'v (t», livwflVfr, rfkil with plunrurt', nimI (Wrtlly AH 
mi liii" Iniuivnlii (if Bviicni.jii Hiiio[iB thf hiiiy ami nmi. 
nfi-rviiil wurM, who Ar« noi iit>)uiitTit«4 wlih ihpCJrt'kt 
•till Homiiiiii, iih4 wltli whtiffl nuvilty uttfii jibfAlhi iht 
churm tiriifiiuiy. 

'I Im'.k I. » „| (,.lrmhllv U. llr ,,„nn. <il Tl.krn, 

»l.i.l. .LI L'.iil |.|,M.> liiiTi i.u ,. I''u>l with lux ymum n. « 
ji..ri. III. (.'.liiii hikI l.iHv io line of lllP iHitll iwe9\\f 
jMiliril. |i,>rni, In ilir lun,u:iint;p. 

I> >M. ilihi.L'l. Ii..ii<iiii..lilv nllo.Utoil wlih I'oii" In 

ll.o M.i.k ..I 11,111(1.111 rrn.l. (I. IIMVP li«.l l.*r.r!y WV 

Mtirr iiicili ilum iliiq tu l»'iii' lilm >l>iivii (lie Itffiuii of 



.Ml rl.K-" 



r:: 



;■ li.irliik iij-,iil>ti' mill 



No. 17I, MORAL, 8tt. S79 

fwRUM, who delight in giving vent to their pa/lion in tho 
langiiiJi»e of pocftry. 

Lovp and irs eft'edu were beaiuifullv defcriUed by the 
elegantly renfiblc Lord Lyttelton. To aifert that he 
was remarkable for poetical genius, were to lefl'en, by 
endeavouring to exaggerate, his praife. Force, fire, 
and an exuberance of invention, were not hit exceU 
lence!) ; but that equable beauty of fentiment and 
diction, which refults from an elegant mind. Tho 
graces diiiingiiifli his compofitions, as the virtues mark* 
ed hib honourable life*. 

Moore's l*'ables diljilay indubitable marks of genius f 
but he wants the fimpllcity of Ciay and Fontaine, He 
iliews, however, a talent for delcription, which would 
have flione in the higher kinds of poetry j and a deli- 
cacy of mind, whirh, it might be fuppofed, could be 
Acquired only in a higher fpnere than that in which ho 
was born. 

Genius and learning were noffeflfed In a vtry emi- 
nent degree by Merrick. He had that peculiar kind of 
genius which qualified him to excel in the department 
of facred poetry. It is to be wilhed, that his vtrfion of 
the Hfalms were adopted in churches, not only in thd 
place of Sternhold and Hopkins, but of Brady and 
Tate. Such an event would be no lefs advantageous to 
piety, than to taftc. 



No. CLXXVUI. CURSORY ano uncom* 
NliCTHI) RKMARI^S ON SOME OF THE MINOR 
GRliliK POINTS. 

» 

THE Intrinfic graces of the clailic writers have 
charmed every mind which was iufceptibic of the 
beauties of fpirit, tafte, and eleganct?. Since the revival 
of h»arnlng, innunierable critics have employed them- 
felveb in dilplaying the beautieji which they felt, or in re- 
nioving the difBcuIties nnd obllru^iions which retarded 
th<pir frogrefb in the pejufal of the untienis. At piefcnt, 
theie is icarcely any room for criticifm otv ih^ ^\\ut^^*^N 



K S 8 A y 8. No. 17IM 

anil the rioH Ubiiriou* C'oinm*niHUir Hiid*i with nf,mt 
hit prnfiignilcIlrrl'cnrohM, mil hU icntol) reniDiItt, anti* 
clpaipilliy iheliiijutiruiiant arrornnTcrimni but Mthtt* 
U iVitmly agrp;4ir'rdil)'urBnce bstwefniliefoniurei uf thi 
I'uco, thAii U'lwcf'ii [lid fiiculiini of tItB niliul In dlHVrtnl 
men. anil Mn ol>jc(ti null lliiko vnrloin I'selingi in viH* 
oui i»flii>irti, llie wurltt of inll« iiiiJ (irniui may. an 
(lUltTiTNl itviftU'), f'urrillli inexhdilHIil* nintur fcr crili- 
«b1 nbrpcvtUoiii UpiiH tliit |irinv-l|il*, >u[hnr* of th« 
(irerKiii a]|e v«itiur<i loadil to tlii Ultoun of tli«ii' pro' 
ilrccllori, wiiltnut fi'Mrin}; or incurring lli» Inijiucmlon 
bf vanity i>r iinit^i'tlnpncc. 

'I'lifl prcfgnt rfmarki llioll bp conAnpU in fame nrtht 
Cittk Minor Pueti, wltliaui niinutrly aiieniliit][ n 
(hrimulngicnl ot uny uiliiu- orilrr, 

In iha uiiiiiH uf H'lgtiity wiili fwrcirieri, af nielmly 
with nrtniilh, tlm Creak li beuar ndiiplCil ui baAuiifiU 
compofitloni (linn any niotlarn l4innaA|t:o. The lialUa 
hni Mil id MimCu but wnnti iti rorw. The I'rencH 
MllVlht llt-iance und eufttiSittn, but U defldant in 
luunil anci 7i|[nlty. The Bn([U11i It nronjt, narvnut, 
diiwrn'. lit fur aniiiiMca or.irofy .uiil eiuliiirinfllr |.i.«rrv. 
1,111 ulKiuiulr. »i;]i Sux.iu i>u>ii.il)'ILli]r., ill mi.iinnlia 

»x|)n::[ii ilie niurii: of mellifluouit eailento. 'lo compare 
tliv Uuuh itiid ihe (jcrman with tlie Unguuge iif Athrni. 
wiTf' Id compare the jiirring nuilit of grating iron, wiiK 
the Ut warblings ol [l>e flute. 'i'h<- olher biif>><a|;''« of 
Kiir.ijie are rqnntty unfit for liarnianions mo.lulaiion, 
niul iiulccd riiuiiot jiroju^rly he pKutnineil in ihn plaio, 
Bi thr prouU', whu ipcdk ihem. have not yt!t diltinguillt> 
Ctl lhriiif[-Ivr9 I1V any wiiiiiiga truly rbllu'al. 

Th.- (iirrk h:|.ipram naiuii.lly l.illn Hill inidfr our 
niHrni ii.nlith'ruiuai- Of iIk-Io link compofiMoiH, 
wlii«h nwe iKcirorijjiniotJrrTf, iiQiiecanlxMnleiilililo 
«l ihc hraiity, wUuk lalle i> n.it viiinii-a by the lrf-> de. 



Mo. 17B. MORA I, Lc, 381 

iny 111)01 to ditVriiniiiate hi^ inauner from thul rif oilicrti, 
SuHiiii it to Kiiiurti ill guainiil} that thtir huauty ditd 
not ohi!0 ioulilt ill a puint, or wiity (oiii:t:iij hm iii » 
liinnluiiy ot iliiiu^ln, aiul h (Weemclii nt Un[^ii«i[ic. 

The UOM011 \c\iiid lit I'yctiagiiiHb, ili(iii|^h luit re< 
iiuoUahu: tor i|iUihiiir ot ili^tiitii, iir Hnwinir vl-iijIjim- 
tioii, art: yd highly tieaiiiiful in thu idiirilL' ami tuiiihlis 
iiiiiticutiiuiiiiaiiuij iu(ir<ility,auil viruicaaiiihtli I hiiltiaiu 
'J'lits t'fii licr |)hlhihi|<hi;i A iit ihvac « umvu^ i:il their uhli^ 
ill vuih:, not lo HUM h iii'iaiih: they aljiiti:.! lu ihu L'hrtra^.' 
tur of pocu, at) iiuiaiili: mt*cpUj licliveinl in luc^civ, 
ivtii'ts iiinic: d4iily letiiiiiuii in iIil: hiemtuy ut ihcir ilitVi- 
|)|cb. l*yihagrit<id ha^ i itiiijuiliul uvciy liCicUiiri' rulu tur 
ihc ii)niliii''t i'llilu III ihii IuiIl: |tut:iii^ itittl he ihat CiiiU'^ 
IMJI5 it 111 iin-nicry, will itui umiiI <i ^iulili; In ilirc^t hii> 
liehaviuiii iniijur aiiv cv^iii . hm ihuDj^h thu molality of 
thuic ^uKci) la ih.Mi iiiKic vcihiatiju hi^.tuty, yt^i are they 
Uy 101 iitiH .c« iUltiitiu^ i«t oiit'iiial iiiciii. 

'i liMi ^1 i.rMuliiy tit tiMil, whiih tver ai lunipHniiii triia 
g0itiu>, h'ti) iihitp ( I iIil: |)i)t:ii> aiul nhili)lii|ihi''ia, of all 
<)gi:d, fo ItcUnl l>ii(li ill Itiu k .itiiti (it llhcriy. AK.uiit), (if 
vvhufi: iiiciilb tiiHii (hu iiiiuiiiiuf litb ut iiiini|iiitv we ma/ 
fiiitii ihc iittili u>>aluil hiiMi tint railCij liiiiilulf 10 ttnU- 
imui V hy a jiiiL^iiij ittiiiulu-l Mcttiutit a^ a \ inh ui iitvcitivrt 
Agaiiiti Pidai Hi), at iliat lime the iyicnit .it A(huaA. It liHti 

ritlt cliftpCil ihc [<t.:iii:|'f(l Wlc'iki <ul.l \.i: liavi: illil)' a tisVi 

liriiki^ii l|)i:L'iiitutia lit thu iL-lchraictt tMiio't) ^vniko nie- 
Icivt'l U\ ihk^ «(ii(ii'iii jihiiimaii.nio. Wi^muil, ihtrutiiie, 
lie liiiitiiit to jciiiit hib rharit^tur tVimi \Uc juJi^luiii 
<Xuii"*'^l'i'^'i> *^'*'^ ('^^ UMiucii DJi'iiyliiit) at lialitaruciliub : 
llm tiiiiiici i«l u'liiiiii alici i:>i iliai he vv.ta 1 (till ile, lulilimt;, 
aiciiiiiU, cuhI ill mauy icIi'lCu rdumlilcit Itnmci j ihu 
laiicij ihai ht^ liatl a [;>iauocui, lucviiyi aiui (v^ccincliii 
rijU'tlly LUiulciJ iMfU^luiiit all hid 1 iHiinolilliHiti. 

hulii liiiMu, at L Hilling III (iiiiiniliaiii wan lemaikahld 
titV lilt infill lit a<'iiWi:). ill- gave III lyrii' jiHCli > , alt (ho 
iiilciiiiinv ft Mil: I' |.i'|mo.i. Ilail he l»iituvii how toii^- 
ttlfiiil fhi^ liilliediulliv m| iOa gLiiinb, H ia taidj he wouhl 
havd i|V((|li:>l iJ.iiiiit: lint uiitiirhiiiau ly, llie nohlis 
waiiiiih I't Ilia umpLi iH^-eii hini h(;)iiiul the huuiiil;] uf 
]ult wiiiiii^, Hiiii lie li : ma 10 luve tailed ut t i(.elli:iiLrt 
by 4 jeiluiMlaiity ui bjauiicii, 

4 ^\V^ 



Ifl tiiOii»«VMy totaty u( Icainina to it|itri the lW*a 
Jiii ftork*. Siimf iiiJtCii Uuve ilntunln, ilui timt nmct 

S*v« a urcilci' Mnw tn )'ylii» IllcfJi"""! ihuM in tlif Jt* 
iiittion (>!' lh(> Coinriliti i>t Mcritit.lci i lull •■ Trffure 
li.li |»Tlrrvc>l hii Ijiirii •nil )ii> lUlc, ^rrliniM ihe w«nii>( 
tliciiii|[inHl it com I'm In I eil Uy t(t«rx»Ctcii|i>'iiiKi ul'ilul 
rlc|;iiiii fluihor, l^lifirttliliaii, Irom v/ho(« juilKinritt thm 
ii l(-«n-vty kn Afipvul, hat trptcrruicd Mtiuntlrr «> ulunr 
fudicicni to I'dfiii our tullf uml iiy\t. 'Hi<r frw itimoiui, 
pr«lm«i} liy Stob&'u*, wlirilirr tlt< ba^iuty of tlia Untl- 
luriiUi IV tna purity ul ihv ilUHun, lie truarilcij, luuH 
lie pronuunvfH unroaimuiily eocu'Ii'tu. Tlirjf urc, liwt* 
ovni , ii<n Bcntfnlly kantvn lu iiaiiiiv illullmtiun, 

SimonlJvt it clmrnlUrlhJ by Lnii|tlau«, u • |i«ri n- 
morlcibl* fill ilta naihctic. Of hit Milling), very Aw 
hnvc fuivivvil ilkt iHj'urki of iiiiio. 'I'hf litil* pofni m 
Diime, li, Iiow<!vvr, riiHlci«ni it> JulttfV tlip l»J|im«ni 
of l4Mi|iuu*. NuiM'iK can '■« imm ilrlicmr-Iy iriidcr, 
or mora fNi|ui(i»ly piin«tic< Tliirr !■ fi>in«ihiii|[ inro 
pttUlbly plMlini ID thcminiii'iniltc rvprvlKiitiiiliMofa 
iixiiliar mliln-niiirn drriiiiitf liirnnt, tinnoii fi jooi of hi 

I'lK-iuliiT icmNrkAlila mirinfll thio Huthor. whith liiM 
lui l|MtivJ, i* lira very JillVi'iMU klii'l. Il iin Sniiif on 
\^\imcii.mi.l it «rllk.u.wii l.y«|.i..uu- iianllini.'ii nf ii, 
ih(crt.-J ill ilio Klluvi.it 11 idrl'i.iu-l lu .,„:,,,. 

Ak'miinol l,«...nmi. n..,.ili.-i r.. , ,■ i>f 

tlic ^e|ir«ilH[i< 



■i.l.i,iM,-v 






.i-lrl.Ml 



iiiiit>ll>y iho ti'iiit loiilii>U 
AUwlmiirecoar.lliliuli«J 
H.. ll<,l\il>Jci,.r.lilu-rk 
(he liDiiuur ol having tii 



> u:\ l.v (lie 



ini- vffrliT.nii'linnyjiilllydaiin 

iiiud ihut Ipuavi ul' puetry, 

tvhi<.h 



No. 17I. MORAL, SiC, jUj 

which Ovid And tho other f.atin elegiac writers have fiuco 
ftdvanced to a moll plruiiug rpujcb ufcoinpoiicion, 

Archiloihiu wrotu iuiuUicN hiuI cicgificfe ; the former« 
fatirii.%1 1 the liuter, aiuorouk. rhui lie furceedc^il iu his 
Atteiuptiii wu have iuilicii at rt^afuu 10 conclude from iho 
Ultiiiioiiit*i ui the ^(iriiti'll critiib of antiquity, iioiacv 
And LoiigiDUfl* '1 licrc ib not enough of him remaining* 
to fnil>ie ut to form a jiiiigineiu of the inipuiiialiiy of 
cheir dciiiion, and we mull be contented to aciiuicfce in 
their author iiy. 

l.uiian fiiy-^i in oue of his Dialogues, that the poeti 
have given J(i|itier inaity ol Itii moll pommuiii epithetSi 
merely lor t le lake of a Iouohhu word ti) nil up a verfe, 
1'he hymnn of i^rph(ui4 abound with tliefi) explrrivesi 
and the reader i** olu-ii diigulUd with fuunding yvria aN 
iiioildeitiiutc of ft iiii!. It, hovvever, they were comooled 
fur mulic, they may pib unceniiireil by fome : for it leema 
to have been generilly and moll abfurilly agreed, and it 
lit obfervable at thih day, that very little atteutii>n ib to b«i 
paid to the wordb of Opcrab, iJdeb, and Song., whicJi 
are written nunrly ior mulic. 'i*he pocim of Orpheusi 
if thole which are extant are like uU hih pnuhuHioiib, 
would certainly move no Honest Wiiat has be^n laiJ of 
the hymns of thih poet, may be extendml to many other 
Greek compolitioub of the fame ipecieb. Cjrneral cen- 
fure will, however, ieldom be jnll, anJ it mull be cuu- 
feOed, that there are fome amoii]^ then), particularly 
thofe of Callimaihub, truly iublinte and beautiful, 

'inhere was a fpccieh of poetry anuiug the Athenians, 
which, in fome meafurc, refemblcil niany of our I'ng* 
liili ballads. At the apjuoiuh of a war, or after a vic« 
tury or defeat, the itoctb and llatcfmen ufually dilperled 
among the people fome ihorc compoiiiion, which tend- 
rd to animate tnem with courage, (jr to inipire them with 
jijy, Solon, the wile legillator of Atheni, was too well 
Mci|uainted with ihu power of poetry over the human 
heart, to neglcdt thih fllicacious method ofrnforring bin 
laws, and iM'opagatin/, his inllituiionb among the lower 
ranks of the Athenians. There are Hill extant (ijme of 
his piftfts, which bear internal marks of having been 
purpofely written to give the neople a paliion for lujcrty, 
$Q infpire them with a love ol vinuei and to teach them 



nihi ? 



(I4 B S S A T 8. 

Sidlenco to thv Inwi. They are, indvrd, written in 
fitc mrnl'iire, but have nnthinc nf the fufi anidtnui 
flnun which iliftincnilliei the UviiTian elegy. Thf]' art 
tninly, murti, anS fevtre. By there, ii ii a well known 
Mi, llie AtliniUni were nnimHied in refuinc k war whiih 
lh*y hnililrcipt inilefpair 1 and in LOnroqucncc of the ai' 
dour wiiicS wth tnfpired, they obtaineil a complete vic- 
tory over their encinin. 

Tvrtieui wrote in 1 fimilar ftyle, but entirely confioed 
liimleir to martial rultjetti. 6u Itroncly i( military va- 
lour, anil the love of liberty enforced in li!« little com- 
pofitions, that it would liy no meani bo abfurd to at- 
tribute the vidoricj of the Grccinnt over the ferfuiiii, 
m much to a Tyrtxui, as to a Miltiodei or Themi(- 
todei, I'he efTe^i of racfi political ballndi have beM 
freijuently fren imong the Knslifh in a time of a war. 
I'.vcry one hn> heard of LillabuTlero.— Many n noor fel- 
low liai been tempted to quit the plough and thelonm fbr 
the fword. on hearing a fong in praife of Hawke or Wolft 
roorcd b^ hit obdreperoui conipanioni. The(c vcrfci iri 
too deficient in point of elegance tnadmh of quQiattani. 
rnd the ficiiiicni opportutiiiie.i of honrinfi them from tin 



ju,h.,.,.lr. 
illl rti\-ii o 
lew iin 
cnphion- 
tbrrMdrr 
IiJRhly Jifi 



l.yi'n|ilir(ni h to br prnircd nr rrnluird (or ubf. 11 
rrriaii. it is, th.it on llii^ a.-coimt lie will ncvrr bcc 
n rnvoiiritc niillim-. N<ilwilliH,i.i.Iiiip ilic labours ol 
Rrc^il I'oilrr. lie h Hill dilliculr, n i.l will proh.iblv ' 
tinueli. rqioff in dull and <tai kncls. umidll the Ju'il 



Lilt 


It Atheni 


they were 
Wen,., 


I'lii 


ofophcra. 


..III. 


ioiu, by 


he power- 


1)11 (c 


nfiral iliy 
Ih; rf;id 


■nci. 
thnn I.v. 


iil" 


ctard), I 


It difrull) 


llol 


pcrlpicuily, tliDijj;!) 


" i'l 


iphccics n 


nd oracles 


rr, 


ml nlinnll uiiintel- 


y'lc 


irfcxinin 
rlels; h 


aloii. ami 
I i>h Ciller 



No. 178. MORAL, kc» )8$ 



The porniB of JJrtrdiylities, however ht? id nr^lp^Ud 
by the tnodcrns, were highly honouictl by nn nnUtnt, 
who WM9 rlh'cinrJ n roinplnc j'ulgp "F litorrtry merit. 
Hicfo hriiintt'd not to tironouiuc them fupcrior to the 
Oiics of J'inclnr, which nave been jjcner.nlly iclebrnted 
a^ the utmoft vllhnn of hunnn geniu*i. The opinion of 
lilriotnity, however, be i|iteltir)ncd with An njipearance 
of jnflice, when it \? confidercil, thnt hift chtfra^lcr* nn 
A critic, wufl ffldblidied by \\h courtiers, who, to gain 
his favour, might not rcrnptc to violate the truth. 

The giy, tlie rprijjhtly, the voluptuous Anacrcon in 
known to every rcub r. His fubjetH?, and his manner 
of trfating ihnm, have captivated all who are furcepiililo 
cither of pleafiiro or of poetry. There i^, indeed, an 
cxcjuinic tendrrneri, delicacy, and lalle in the fenii- 
llicnl^; but I have nhvay; thouj'ht lie jlrrivrd no Hnall 
ftiareof his be.iiity from the ch'»ice of evprollions, and 
the peculiar harmony of his verfe*!. Il ha« been objedcd 
to him by rigid moralill% that his wriiinj;"? tend to pro- 
mole drunicenncri and debauchery. Hut thiq objei^lion 
might in Tome d'^pree be extendeil to a great put of tha 
finell wrilerfl, nncicnt and modern. A tn in nflenfe and 
judgment will admire the beauties of a coipponiion, 
without rud'eiing it*) fcnlimeiitq to inniieiue hi<) prin- 
ciple"? or his rondm^l. He will look upon the moie li^ 
ientitni3 lallic.M of Anacreontic writers, ns littlo y>//.v 
i/*r//'Hf driigncd to plenle in the hour of convivial lelli- 
vttv, but not to legulale his thoughts and anions in tho 
feriouq concerin of life. Whatever may be the moral 
tendency of his writingi, it is leitain that an a poet he 
is unrivalled in that fpccies of compofition which ho 
Adopted. Many have been the imitations of him, but 
/ew have lu« ceeded. The jnyq of love and wine have 
indeed bren dele ribcd by hi«! followers, but their touches 
Arc mor( liKe the dawbings of an unfkilful painter, than 
the ex<pii(iir liaits of a in illerly hand. C(;wlry, whofo 
genius i(M lainly pMiiooJ. more (if the Anacrromic than of 
tlic i'ind II ie, hai been one of his happiell imitators, for 
he is rather to be callcil an imitator th;Mi airanllator : l)Ut 
the I'.nglilli lead'r will not form a jull idea of the mcriti 
of Atuureon, from thole Bacchannlian fongs which to 
frequently appear under th« title of Anacreonuc, 

Vol. 11. 8 ^\\% 



1 



,g6 ESSAYS. No. 174. 

Tlie padlon of lovp wa» never mofe lironglv Mi or da* 
rcrihca than hy the Irnfiblc Hnp^ho. '1 lie liiiU Umk 
ode, prererveil by Ltinj^inu*, iho mrlre of wliith dnivn 
iu iiniiie Tot her, Uat been trniinmcJ I7 Mr. Pliilllpt 
with all ihf «ir of an »ri|{iniil. The I,;iiin irnnll«tioB of 
Caiutlui npffuri mucli iii^<-iior 10 thai u[ our (uuntt]'> 
man. The Or«ek inderd ii niucli cotrupied, and, «i li 
ntiw Anndi, i> iel'i pluitdnj; than the I'.nuUO). I'-vfrj' 
unv, wh<i un rtadin); it tccollcfli hi occnncin, muD U- 
inent that To w&rni a pafDon, To frclinnly reptthtitti, 
WS) cxciicd by an impro|>er ohjc^t. 

Sculiicrr, whcTe judgmirni, ihoiigh roiDFtimcii called 
in (|Ucillon, nughl cenaliily 10 have gn-ai wai|i;lii, hi- 
fti'ivrd very B;itrBOidiriiry pMifei iiii ilie wnitngt orOfh 
iilati ) a nrini, whii, lliough lie hn> been coiiijiared ID 
Vii^il In till Creorgici, it unly perufrd hy the (uriuui in 
Gic-cinn Hci'mtuir, mid U kiiuwn uiily bynnraeiotht 
cumini*!) reader. The enlparor Carucillj, utiJer wlioiu he 
flDunlIied,iafald tohavopr^nrochiirmfd with bitpuctni. 
flu 10 have ordtre4 lUm a ftuier for etch vcrni. M(>(lFtn 
ciitlctwili. however, dire 10 call in quedion the uAcof 

l'.,i..,.,H:l. 'lllrui.(lw.rOr].uiiM-| If 1 nl' li., ll.'.itN -. 

..,.M.,-,-n.'.iti.h.,;,M>-.il.rlu(ri-i. ' ' 



-k,. .,».,,„.n|.M 






r,1 to rllC iTK'lilh 



No, i;9. MORA L, fcci ^Hf 

MiMiick Moitiri' hr rcrtnlnly Imitrtlcil, flntl linn fuc» 
C( rilfil in til'' imiintinn, LNipirs tnki*ri by grciit nirtflerni 
lhnii|»,h iiilnioiin j^cnrifil, yrt in foine nnrls coiiimnnly 
riv.il their nri^'jiKtlt. 'rrypliioiluiufl rcflcltfii not ihe (ub* 
liinrt lliuht.i (il the M roitian bniit, but he* fomtlimri 
fnllowq liio to(9 (liirin^r rxnirfinns At no didnnt intri-vfi). 
It iq niDitpJ) t(Y rtHominoDil Ititn tn ^rncrnl HtiprubHtioiii 
tlint with n iiKMlnntp potti )ii uF I lotiiot-'ri file, lip hfls mni-e 
(nit(\MiH I'll ll(* inny Uv rrnd with nilvniitn^r not tinty 
ill n portiriit, but in nn hiilni-icnl view. Whrii! Ilnitier 
cli(MHitin(ir(l thiMhrrnd of bi<i Hoty, 'rtyphiodnfus hits 
la'vtii it lip. Iiulrril thin imrin \^ n wnviVf^ry liipplrmrnt 
to thr tlidd, wiihciiit whirli the trader i<i left un((iti<)fird. 
'riyphi(Klc)rii9 i« (aid to havr writlrn another porni, cflU 
led n.^c-rrM* ^M/l y^'vuM'^'Ni in which hr hat oniitirdi 
thron^ji rarh linnlt, the? Irttrr whi« h niaihrd the niiin- 
bri id it. liiuh a kind oT (.oinpnlition iq tiillin^, nnd 
brnrath n tnntt of't^rniwi) but it niitll brnllnwcd lo be n 
work of prrat iliHictiliy, and uui(ft|urfilly a proof* of 
(»rrat ftpjdiratio i. Nor ought it to injure the c haranop 
ofTrypniodorus as a p«'ft, i)Ut to br viewed as the wan* 
ton juodutMicm of an in^/enimoi, but ill-cnmloyrd ^irthi-* 
mniian. H Homer wiotc the battle of the l'iti|r«j antl 
iVlire, and Virgil lU'Trantrd on liii (Jnat, witlomt bi* 
liny the dij^tiity of their t hara^lef'? j inferior wtitris may 
imhil^e the inodrn five i)\\\\t'n of whini) without the ini« 
j»uration (d (cdly or puerility. 

Ill tin* peruiid of loine of thefe, and other of th§ 
Minor lN»(ls whole work"* are extant, the lover of th« 
(fiMi.'in Mill'* lindi a plcaiii^) vari* ty, niter reailing tlli 
innir luMuncand beautiful produiMimiMd' Homer. 



No. C'LXXIX. A roNCl.UDINCJ tSSAV, 



^ I ^ H I'l wrifer«> of p'^riodiial papern have ufuallyfub- 
X j«iinf 'I, at the ilofc td" tlnir Un ubratii»n«i, all ac- 
Miinit nl theiuipju atid piu;;relMd tlo'ii w«nk, explained 
lb'' ii^nniturefi (d t ni relpondents (Oid riili|{ned enc^i paticr 
to us inouci ilainmiit.-l Hin nuw ttrru%dikV\!cv^\LA\^v\ 

8 a >^% 



iim*. til 
It I but I \niot, 1 

il fiir ill 

miniJitii 



tlir Satanil Vuliimft tlia bnunditr]' [<irrrflt>erl tn mv m> 
B, 1 bt^liFte. nil Inriirniiliitn tti thlt 



Irlnil miiniiiiiiK iiiLtr vi>iiiiniiiilL'*H>J. I linvf Hlrraily i(> 
iKitil fM ill* iirbin nfihii wurh, uiiJ itiil(iiiiti>tl, ihal 
loll or ll hiiii rt-t-tpj, ni vnrliitii tliliP* Hiid 
II illfl'dr'ni liiumli'iii, tn nmufr n fniv IuIi-cvaIi iif JiM< 
inty IvliiiM'i DiiJ, \vl(h r^ljita Ui xOlllrtnii i>nJ com- 
t|.i>i|Hl«nl<i tliPiiDliiMI ul'i'ir iinilcMnklligdiiiM rinl |'Dlli' 
My Ndnli tlirm. It. ili'tHoir, nity nrnllo llmtilJ Iw 
lliimHtlt ilMf, ilinuricamo >ii:.livt>lui|, a»>I r«iMMli.iii< w 
Irlttii wtmifCMftviaiif oCfUiluft; may l«i liKiuiril, ilit 
wliiili> wrigtil uf mHcIi niu^l lull wiilioni ixiiilLitinllQii. 
1 iiKHn not, hoivtvpr, lo dalnitr mylill' nlili on idn 
iir iiiDurndnD n raider by niioliii'ipa I tN« fubmifTKini 
'' .ir iiii(hi<ri> Hi-i' i.r Utile ImiKiitfin^'Pi \ht 



I'll 



m,-riu,ii, 



I Ml- 



U'U ; 



i.-,;fll 



■iifi, mi (iiJl l.i|'ic=. I will 
-, il'n>ivrr>itli'rlli(»iKllinH 
p Hiliir.ln-nriiiHitniivreti. 
iiMiorn lew Hilmoiiinonn v 
riul hilt 10 collei!) all llir 



f 1" 



pilr.l. 



view, l.ul nirirly i,. irpr.it «ii.l h.M fiidi (1p 
1 IiKjir ilir r,>oiiliii will he |.iir,l.mr<l .m ilii 



lirlttr 



11.1 |.d(<iii ill line's Ibll, iviilwui cv 
iviiiiiTil. ttinup.liiuit llie wimir Trri 



No. 179. MORA fi, *c. jrt^ 

tin! Cflrp« nil prmlcMtliil, morrti, nml i-rlmloufi reffffilnts 
niAy be toiMlly (Vullt-atcJ. 'Die rich nnu ^rent \\)t\y 1)0 
i:oti(Klf iril (H hoftioiH on t\ prontoiunry ) titui iF thry 
Inut^ run (Iciritful ii^liln, tliry who \\'\\\ nllow no othrr 
ii^itdl (0 (lii((H thf tn ((ttul thi* tuimbrf of theft* iit ittfi- 
tiii6)« will prolMilil) hr miij^uidril in the voynup of thrir 
Jlvrd, (ill they An' (Ulhcil on hu ks or I'unk tu vyltlclpoolfi. 
1 think 1 i(in ((miiiiiMUly ilrdnir, tlmt I wan not iii-> 
IhuMurd l)v ipliMKMlv (M enviouH inotivfDi when f nttfick- 
C(l the i'riilt?, r'olly, anil WiiktHlnrifl olihc* ftom fifil grrrtt^ 
who jullifv i*vrry t^normity* nniliM' the name of ramioii- 
ttblr indul^rnir* \ hut (hat I have brcMi aduatnl folelv bv 
ft (inceie lonvidion, that (itih an attack U (hr molt cf« 
fe^.lurtl incan^ orpniniodn^, lh«' in(rf*rIN of Vii (ur. Kveii 
itn enriny will allow (ha( i( in not (he moll appiovoil me** 
thoil ol aih anting piivnii' iMtrnll, 

11 I hrtvo n( any (in>c iminl^t»(l an afprilty ortrnrut*i», 
it haK nrlfnn (Votn an honr^ll ^LMrilatitm ol virei nirannel's 
iVItillinrr^ anti inloltMtcr, in (ho((> wholo (*\ainpt(* is fe* 
elm in|», anil conlrmuMiily nn^ll injnrloini. I he rank anil 
opnlrnte (tf wurthlt'ls pnlnns has ha'l no oihrr flln't oil 
mr (han to exiito a«l<litionnl imliunaiinn, H" any <\'rl 
thcmirlvfB lunt by mv aniniailv(M(n)n'«, (heir very pain ii 
fl proof (hat (hry Inflt-r ilrltrvrilly. Nothing in tdiq book 
can make a worthy man my fot* \ and ivith relpciU to thi 
iinworthyi I fear not (heir poNNcr^ ami 1 ilclptic their 
itiairvolrMu t^. 

In adopting nniilrs ofaiblicfiami rvt^'rnal br'havlour.tho 
llmly ol whit It a|i| rars to fn^ioCft the uttiMition of nianyi 
J bavp ailvilfvJ the ycMinj^ man to bt'^>in hi«« w»mI; at the 
fonndatifMi \ to lorin^i liin heart ami trMnpiM-« that the 
^raren of liin nppenrante may pioired Irom (hat (Mipitnii 
nml inlallihir lourie olvvhatrver in pb'a'iM}', a ilirpolitioii 
truly viiiiioiift ami unnlli'i^JMllv amiulilo. 1 have enlunt* 
lut him (o avoiil (ervility, adulation, pii'lermenthnn(in|>-| 
mid mraiinel'? ol' every kindi to endenvonr Indeed to 
plealt* ilioir with whom he converfeni bnt to let the tn- 
dea\oiir aiile Ironi benevolent motives Irotn an hnmane 
nnd l.'litillian lUliie of dili'nliti^ rafe and h.ippine(*i 
rtinonii the rhildu n ol erne /\hni|^hty l-'aiher, anvl (he 
ar(akers cd (!»'♦ feme mileial)le nniuie, 1 have ailvlTed 
lim lu be lirnii yet gentle, immlyi yet puiiic i tocnU 

b J \\\^\% 



I 



J90 



B 8 S A y 8. 



No. ijg. 



. lUair tveryorniimcniRliiceoiiiriliAinipnc wMch tcailiniil 
ta tHemln«i'V, nnii lit Ituriy tn lie a« Afirreubtii ai pnlliyff, 
while h' rt» k>« Bl ilie unie \\aif linKrv i lii defi'llfi 
■nd moll flttitiiiitl]} avulil, ihAt tnmmun tiutbflr*<h»> 
r»t1ir, which, wiin pioiivft pjeolimly ffllilh unJ cbb" 
lriifle«i |ir«t<ntl« to uncomiiion jrooil naitirr, rrlrndnil|>i 
benoiolviKc, nnJ crnirolliv t wnQl* nlllJiildi't ar* ixn- 

fiortlnncil 10 the rank iir funiin* o(' th« {>rrfi)n) wiinl'e 
avmir it r»ui'tv>li wiihoiii the Wort rrjiiirit lo vlnuetir 
kltutnmonii I whole [tiilllciifd it that nUvilit iir I'mifh 
dmicing malUr, anil uhnlV ulijettii, allnr all Ita im<fi>r< 
ftnm aiii! prfitnfiiinitoliln-Mlity, are no Itft m»-«n nml 
riiriy than thtife of n Ji-w-uluifr, I have atlviloij bun 
m vuliio ihr ajiprohjtlnn of Mt pwo heart, wni! ihp cum. 
f>..iti 0^0 clear ciiuf'innw. nbove the Ibilet. ilif applnuif. 
nntl th< rBW«ril< ul a vain, a wUlieiJ, a dcfviiful. unJ a 
tPaflflrftfyft-nrltT, 



No. 179* MORAL, ice* 391 

do^lrinei of hii catechifm : to bewnre alfo of the feducing 
jnlluence of faOiionftblc vice ; of ihofc unforiunaitJ pcr- 
ihnu who, from a want of education, or from fuolifh 
pride, Ji^tf nviihout (Jof/ in thf nvorU, and even in con- 
cradidiun Co the ohvioui prcccptb of natural religion i 
exiiUn^ in a (tatc? which might almoll be called the vege- 
table, )f it did not in a greut^r dr^grce participate of bru* 
tality. - Addredb of a Icrious kind arc to them, for tho 
siioit part, uieleCii, an that pride, feU-conceic, and felf- 
importance, which leads them to adopt with oilentatioa 
the tenets of inhdelity and the prat^iicei of immorality» 
ufually rendeiA them deaf and blind to allrepreientaiionii 
^hich come unrecommttnied by ofuUncCt rank^ mid lihrtin" 
i/m. They are wi(er in their own eyes, though they often 
neither read nor think, than the wiiell moraliib who have 
yet appealed. Jiut the young man who has been caugiu 
jioc to be du'/yJed by the failc luitre of their charaderSy 
W\\\ foon learn to pity their errors and ihun their ex- 
ample, it is a juil rcmaik, which has been made by 
men intimately acquainted with the living world, (hat 
jnore are ruined by vices which they have adopted 
through vanity and filly imitation, than to which they 
have been leduced by the violence of pafllon and tempt- 
iition, He who lelfens the force of fuch examples, and 
cjbicuies thoie glo/Vy colours which they derive trom hip.li 
iiatiuns and large ioriunes, gieacly promotch the cattCc of 
morality, and contrlbuie& much to prevent ihc milcry 
and ruin of a riiin|^ generation. 

Jn forming political principles, I would uniformly 
maintain the expediency of always leaning 10 the fide of 
liberty and the people, and of withliandiug, by all legal 
and rational mean.s the encroach men is. oi puwcr. All 
men who poilcia p^wer, well ellabliihed and confirmed, 
are naturally inclined to extend and engrofbit. i.et a 
fpirit then be conilanily encouraged among the people 
at large, which may lead then) to a jealous vigilance over 
ihe poileilbrs of power, and aniniaic them to a manly re- 
finance on the ftightfil inlriiigeuient of liberty, iiut at 
Ihe fame time, we mull not luflrr the aiiful purh.cj':, of 
their own iniercll to delude us l)y a name encluniiiig n\ 
the fiiund : we are hound to conjider, in our dilpalhon-. 
ate aignicntSf the nature ui liberty i to ice uivd v^^Wwv^v^i^ 



tltin to I'l-rrvht fltithurtiy, In wl)0in((wvcr in 
Rng rr<am « hope nt' |iitf uktug ol' U un their tt 
w lymvmlicr (cot p«|wiifn« hAn altuii.Unth 
thv mnnik, iliat the louileit mlvotAiei Kn liti 
mti »r|*ii»vr, Mt pr't^ti the mvit flthiirmy mi 
tti\, hi'th in the i'\enire ti||n)wer, nhpii'itif 
Uiiieil it. fliiil ill ilicir piivsie livei ftiul nam 
lioni': iM tirwfliT' nl the iiee.iv mlvnuui-n 
wh^^ hiii> iiotliinif III lofi". ami "has no jMiitiv 
bill in ytrim)liilnm the l^il'iii- rnifrxl Uv mhoi- 
ri>hiti» liimlcti in iln' ^nrial (ilmnler, Sm 
ran iicid- Iw Uw I'lT.jiienily i-eiieateil tn i 
tiiiiK'. who h^w lio.-K ti'ii riviiiirnily lUltiv 
wiili.'il |M.-n'iMii>'n !■! I'l^ni.lii I'fliiiniirin 
I luxv .•i^.l.'nt.'iiirJ (» i-Miire iliT> |<ri<|>M. 



No. 179, MORA I., fitc, 39I 

icligii)n, ilecfiniy, and t-yw/'/n, as all, whnfo fuellings aro 
nm liellrDycil hy ilillipatiiin, mull ilcejily ilcplurc aiui rc;- 
itiia 1 -L'niiM upliart iiilolcnt f, a \)\{\\\fAiti\u\\^ aiulari- 
lyi aiii.1 a il()|;niuiiral niiulu tit ilciMliitn, in the Itinata 
ciiui ill tlic iiibiiiial, i()iii)H-n(acu ihc injiirirb wWuU iuih 
fill i'xani|)li! limit iittii.M, ixii unly on lUc nior.iU nt a liu- 
y^\c piiift-Kion alicculy mo lii'L'iiiidiu, hut ofilit^ H'linnu- 
iiity ill all ita raiiiiliiatiitn^ ^ The |ir(Ui)(itii)i) nt iiutoriDUi 
gaiiiLiti;!'.'), iuitiiula, uiul iiL'tiaiu'hcc:>, Ui \\\\i^hi>i\htti of iruft 
aiiil honour; of luen puhliiiy known for the cnornioui 
}iriilligHi'y lit their private 11 ve^, arputtii a want o( fincD- 
lily in j^overuiirb, ami evcntu.illy ti-niiii, moie than any 
toii'j(>n enemy, t(t Ihake tlii:ir thione^ Irom unLkr iheui. 
Kuchattpointinentb idunitraiM, in the mind) iif ihe majo« 
lity (it a peojtle, all the pretieptb of itligton aiui mo- 
rality. Keiillanie, indeeii, nniler govcinoib who ai''t, 
in their anpoiniintiti of niiniliers anil ofiiiertf, ak if they 
con fill uird the national religion ineruly h6 a mode of iu« 
pitriiitiun, and morality an a balelefb fahric of fancy or 
])ulicy, and who yet afiiime the management of ihtt 
ihiirch a« well as of ihe llalu, and il.iim the title of IJe- 
lenders of the Faith, becomes virtue inltead of treafon, 
and patiiutifm inltead of rebelliim. He who miliiatei 
hy all luual means againfl fuch meii, en|>;ages in a ra- 
liona! and an honourable croitadu. No 7*urk was ewer 
a greater enemy to the religion of Jrfub Chrilt, than fuch 
mi/i Jat-rtfJ ami m^/t Chtijiiiin (jovernois. 

Jl ib certainly ri(«ht to liiibelieve and to leprcdiate all 
preteniions to public virtue, wherever piivaie virtue \% 
molovioujiy deficient. Wheie private virtue u wanting, 
there Ciiu bu no fouuilneis of niinU|)le, and, withouc 
i'oundnef;) of principle, no real virtue of any kinil lau 
iiibfifl. Patriotiim in a bail man ib but ihtgiitleii wuk- 
cdnef's, of a moll malignant nxiure, and ulually pro- 
ceeding from a ducfiifuf, a phuui, an thvioub, a jealous, 
a cruel, anil a fi-jfilh iliipidiii^ii. The bo.iitrd abilities 
ai profligate and corrupt cliaia>.'tcrh, aie ofiLU but iho 
iJL-fpL'rate itibi'ts of a iiillrefb wliiili lia^ oviuiune all 
dilfiilence anil rellraint, and bad^ uaw to tight their 
way to pionKiiiiHi, by noiie, ttliuniejy, anUuveibear- 
log prefuiii|itioi). 



59t ESSAYS, No. t^fh 

W« all, Indvul, l(iv« rnwK. mi) It li «n iirofut ln). 
r>iillit tvhivh«r^ri «■ ut Kliiii'p ii vmlavntf i bui tliou^l) 
Wf in*y rrartwihly wifti fo. a flurf nf imwpr. let ui )»«'■ 
llir vii'itir itAl in utilhufl In lAliiury (ijirrAiUin in ihf 
liuitil* nf iiltiurt, mvioly bviMutt it U imi in our iiWHt 
Thi- iiiifll pAiiiaiilm nmy vCten bccvinctril, Uv Cubitulnt 
ihc luik 1^' |iow«l, tiy I\it)nitl11vi> filviiev, mil by tliMrfM 
iii(|k>t4lc*nt:i', in A coitienlv^l rciiictii«ni, nuil in tn hum< 
bid «ft«rk;lli; at lli« prlvikh* And lUllit viriilvi. Tli« lull 
111' m>nicr, hiiti nil uthoT liiH, li flfl«ii mutt vloknt lo 
iliHlxiliftt) ili(|>0(itlu(iii, mill ili(i iiirUtilant Ijtlfit ivItUh it 
)iii>.lu>pt i^ ihe IxtiK 111 ItiuKt)'. 

llui uiiiiJlt nur t:«utinn>, we nmll ilo w»l) coiitl*nlW 
lu miiiiimlirr iKiii libiity, with all It* atietiJdiil fviU n 
tiillon Hiiti Ittlliluri, !•, tl(>Dii (lie whole. Infinitely man 
n-iiJuclyc lu itic hnp|)iii«rs and ip th* inipi't>v«m*iit of 
liunun cultiir. (imn the irnniiull icpore of FDnblllh(4 
ilprpuiirm. An nrhiirAvy jtevornitent UllTulv* h bt* 
tiiiiiiklii)t, tVMtikln|t, I'ujKii'itlt InDiitnce anr ih« huntM 
ftciiltitii tliwfii«iry lu thi FuMdU and lowflt wiilkt of 
llftf I and iniri Ii ita iliinger or inMnvanlM)i.-« wMcli 
.Hi(.|,t i.ol .,' lie iI,r.Tf.,llv l»o.irir.! to .IHIk.v ii fr^.rn 
llu I.K.' ..I iUc ,,,uli. IIk' I..-.! >.| liln'U.. I,. w,!l 

)<h.i,i«,t .iii.t \vMiu:\ III Amcri.-a. will. I l.»|>.>. rl...iilili 
^H>» ill ili<ii<ar^\iM.'l< now ai>|>c«r moll unj^ciilJ lo in 



No. 179. M O R A L, Are. $gf 

ftituce ai many renrefencativei of the people of BngUn4 
aH the county of York, and half ai many ai the metro* 
poliH of the empire. But ai all great political changei 
are attendoil with danger, the Britlih renate evlncei Iti 
wiiUom in iti relu^\ance to introduce them without 
the matureA deliberation. 

It U impodible to recapitulate all the variety of fiig« 
grUiona which have preceded, or to make any great ao* 
ilition to them, in tne limlti of a fiiMgle paper i neither 
wab it my original intention. It ii iuMclent that a ftw 
of the molt important pointa are touched upon in tho 
conclufion of thefe volumei, with a view to leave a due 
imprcnion on the mind of the leader, who may be in« 
duccd, for want of fomrthing better, to bellow an idit 
hour on their peruful. 'J*he fubjedi of Behaviour, Let- 
tt Ik, Morals, and Politici, have been already mention* 
rd : it would be a renrehenAble omifllon not to have re* 
ftrvcd a place for a few hinik on Religiont 

It apprnrs to ine to be one of the moll Important pre* 
centd, in forming our religious piindplei and ideal, not 
fully to (Impend on the concluiionii of our own reiifon 1 to 
diltnill the acuicfit underlluuding { to be really humble | 
to rrv( rcnoe the opinion! recrived hv our foremtheri i to 
re inrmber the Ihurtnefii of lifv, the Imbecility of human 
nature, and to accept with pioui hone, rather than with 
(liljuitaiiouf curioHty, the comfortable doArinei and pro* 
nuick o( the received Revelation. It will be a great in* 
diKcniLMit 10 thift prime virtue of humility, to re/leA on 
ilie diftfulei and painfe both of mind and body incident 
til our nature i on the terrible degeneracy into which wo 
ntay fall, when deferted by the grace ot God 1 and, at 
I hi* lame time, on the confolatiun and improvement of 
iu'ait which may be, and is derived, under every calamity 
and on the bed of death, from ftlicere devotion 1 to pray 
for faith when d(jubti arifei to beware of that weak and 
wicked vanity which inlligatei the deillical and fceptlcal 
prticudeih to fuperior poweri of reafoning, to write an4 
|)ulililh their lophiitical and preAimptuoua teneti on tht 
national religion. Let ui ever remember th^t common. 
but exirllent maxim, that we can lofe nothing but what 
would hurl ua, and may gain every thing that ii valu* 

1 1^"^% 



tilff, hy nevlvlnvk wtth humble hom, th> rtHsloii of 
Jdo.Ohrm. 

Ufton \\w tvli'Oo, mill nf>rr ill lli<i M>iU <)lfs>i!miofli 
of |iit)u.l phlli.'r.i|tl7 1 nil ihr liivc ntiom which oAt llmir 
urluln \» m«llc«. v.ii)liy, lu liiuffMuily i itll ih<' wMm> 
Ac«1 mi.,lei rti living u.ui tlilxhlou ^\\Wh MUm «lk- 
loici foi- ill' Pili|)lu>m«iii uf Utr liltp liimrt, iir lur iht 
gftilrikHiiiiii «f livr liill-liltitvii I'liilv I itii> filoin vlrii 



U lh«y Ar« unJcirtotxt tf nioiii iiirn .>t \\i\ntl\ lir.irtti 
aooj f>lCHlti^<, im|>i»vr.l tr auiii>|>Mrii( r>)ui':4ll<iii. i 
loslifllfj't: ' ' 



aooj f>icHlti^<, 

ins lifllfJ-cuiltyLn'ciiinliiit iiinln nil tli* clrcmnllniHM. 
• n<t III bll lliiitiM<ii» lit liiimtii urn. tWitiucy oikI 
ii-diiff iwidiiii in"y nuiiilt' iIkiiiIvIv«(, 111 lIlB f»V*(l« tit 
llllfllvlly, ivilll l'|i<'iiil.illv<n irliiU'itinil Mini fvi'lilktl 

l\iliil<-<lr. 1 Uiii ili.'v »)»< -ot K-itl}- niit. ami rm>*a\f 
Willi i» oliinlii III! llio liA)>|)|ji<liti( wbkh ility mt* rapa* 
bU III iliii rMl'liiniiiy Dmic, mult tkrornil rtntti ilii> pI»< 
vmrtl irjtkoiii uf rii(>Ktni')i. atitl liilxiiir lo >ti:<|iiiip, wllh 
iliPNllIlUncf ofcdiiimon fviiAitindtotiiliKtii honplty, 1I14 
viiiiifior r*il(Ii. Iiuflillliy, pl«[)f, Aitd bfiMvolencv.-t 
nm hinpv In tnaopporiiinliy tif AiMine my trllimiMU. 

1 ,ll)l'l„IOr .. ll in.v I..- fll nl, il..,,,,)!,,!,,,,,.,! 



)■■ I N I S. 



BOOKS 



V\U\i^i\ fm «n4 HM by 

CMA1U.es nn.LY, in the Poyi^Tnv, 

^. Cfivitllo on tU^ArMlyi Ivot 70, 

4. --«-«. oil Mi(4ipi^l KUttrUH/. BvOi jffi (W. in 

ij . — --"- pn Air, wUh »n IntrMJwftlon (a Chdinlftry, 

r (Vrvt^rU 1VAVi»Iti ihrnwijh NoriH Amfiii^fti Ufun 

la. Ho. 

, ,. ^% MiMlrtnliitt, (a Pipft mi Vi^rfri 4<*i 



DOOKS pHiiieil for C. Diht» ^ 

It. Johnron'i DiAictniry, i vaU> fal. 4I, lov. 

IJt — - ■ Abii Jn« J.-* In i vuliji $s», 

lOlt 

14. Xlichln'i Tmvcllrr'i Caido (hro' Eneland Mit 
[Vtki, 51. 6d. 

r L '5' J»Aamond'i TiivAte Life of UemtXV. 4 volt. 
f'llTR, ll. V 

f$. Pakuner en Climate, As. 4(0. il. 11. 

17. Jtcob'i Law Di^liunxry, fgl. il. tt. 

iH. Ivat'i Voyage ffi<m Eriglnad lo IimIU, in tli» 
Veur 1751, ^10. iT. 5™. 

k;. Pnrkcp'ii Evulcnca ef our TranlliiUoiii In ihr 
Bill Indlti) ^0 i«. ti. In boarUi. 

3-1. Cr('nl1iiili'i>SyllemflrMlnerB)oity,triin(lRted from 

flu- Sivcilil). "itKci.'li '-"L.tiT.! aiulim/'i^.v.-,!, ,,.^,,,1. 
inj. M ill.- Ladt U,(LOvciie» iimde lintc tlic JJc.itl. of 
liie Auitmi, 1 vol>, ii>. 

?i. Clmk'fl ccmcilc llilbry of Knlfilitlioml, * vJ,. 
lii. 

sj. I'lulicrfiill'i (Oi.) Wo.Ijs. Willi i).e r,itc ot ilic 
Au.l,,,,-, l,y IJ.. I.nil, jv.l,. s.w,. W. i=. 

a;. GciaiJ'i Sennoii'., l vola. H«o, lis. 

14. fluribiiFi'V uumplrie BoJy of l'!;.Minfi andCar- 
dtmut;. .vol,. h,i. ^I.,,,, 

2,. Ile.lctiu U«kon. new edition, c.intiW urnl 

j(.. Hlll.iry of ihe Rfv^.lulion ..f Ali Rev .v^iiinl! dm 
OiHnn.111 I'..!!.-, wJih a M.i|> ot Lower I'.fjl.i, ili^ l«- 



5!'/, I,ni»»iq hum Iinlv I" rt l^iI'Mil rrrpiiiiu ill KfftnrP^ 
ilvii. f 40. 

;u riflvliitS Ml-.) 'iyll'Mti iiT (.'liinfiiilii^y, rirjjriiit* 
ly |ifiitifil iMi n II' w Uii^Hi riitiMw f'ypr« rtiul ft (ih« 
knyAl rn|i"t, in imk* Ini^^' vi>liiitii\ It*), ili lii. irdt 

•)'(. 'rill'iiditi'q SpntHMtQ. If. vnU. HvOi fli 

"^1. Tnwnl' lurQ I'ipi* 'I hoH^hl^ nil nplptilli' Mhit 

^'ifp ( •IIV» I Mlltf>ltt<<4 f|«». 

3;. Witlltpt'ji (KiilieK III l*.ii!itli<) (^ri-inuii^4 ), vuli*