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974.401 ,__, roLLEC-ntW 

v. 59 
1449227 



ALLEN COUNJY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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in 2010 with funding from 

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THE 



ESSEX INSTITUTE 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



VOL. LIX— 1923. 




SALEM, MASS. 

PRINTED FOR THE ESSEX INSTITUTE 
1923 



Newcomb & Gauss 

Printers 

Salem, Mass- 



CONTENTS. 

1449227 

Belknap, Henry Wyckoff. The Burnap-Burnett Genealogy. 

(Continued.) 153, 265, 385 

Bradlee, Francis B. C. The Suppression of Piracy in the 

West Indies. (Illustrated.) {Concluded.) . 33,105,217,305 

Burnap-Burnett Genealogy, The. By Henry Wyckoff Belknap. 

(Continued.) 153, 265, 385 

Chappie, Hon. William D. Salem and the War of 1812. . 289 

Esses County Vessels Captured by Foreign Powers, 1793-1813. 

(Continued.) 25 

Forty Years Ago in Salem. Extracts from the Diary of 

Francis H. Lee 102, 359 

Groveland Church Records 81 

Lee, Francis H. Forty Years Ago in Salem. Extracts from 

the Diary of 102, 359 

Lee, Thomas Amory. General Charles Lawrence Peirson. 97 

Newbury Church Becords. 85 

Norfolk County Records, Old. (Continued.) ... 90, 281 

Peirson, General Charles Lawrence. By Thomas A. Lee. . 97 

Putnam, George Granville. Salem Vessels and Their Voyages. 

(Illustrated.) (Continued.) 1» 169, 193, 361 

Salem and the War of 1812. By Hon. William D. Chappie. 289 

Salem Vessels and Their Voyages. By George Granville Put- 
nam. (Illustrated.) (Continued.) . . . 1,169,193,361 

Suppression of Piracy in the West Indies, 1820-1832, The. By 
Francis B. 0. Bradlee. (Illustrated.) (Concluded.) 

33, 105, 217, 305 

Vessels, Essex County, Captured by Foreign Powers, 1793- 

1813. (Continued.) 25 



(iii) 



THE 



ESSEX INSTITUTE 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



VOL. LIX^ JANUARY, 1923. 



Issued Quarterly 




SALEM, MASS. 

PRINTED FOR THE E88EX IN8TITUTE 
1923 



ESSEX INSTITUTE HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

The Historical Collections are published quarterly with illustra- 
tions, each volume containing a complete index. Subscription 
$3.00 per annum. 

Entered at the Post Office in Salem, Massachusetts, as second class matter. 

CONTENTS-JANUARY, 1923. 

1. Salem Vessels and Their Voyages. By George Granville 

Putnam. (Continued.) (Illustrated) 1 

2. Essex County Vessels Captured by Foreign Powers, 

1793-1813. Compiled from American State Papers. 
(Continued.) 25 

3. The Suppression of Piracy in the West Indies. By 

Francis B. C. Bradlee. (Illustrated.) (Continued.) . 33 

4. Groveland Church Records. 81 

5. Newbury Church Records. 85 

6. Norfolk County Records, Old, 90 

SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES. 
By George Granville Putnam. 

Figuring prominently in the East India commerce after the Revo- 
lution, was the Pepper Trade between Salem andfthe Island of Su- 
matra, — a trade marked by romance, pathos, tragedy and prosperity. 
The first American vessel to visit the northwest coast of Sumatra 
and to bring a consignment of pepper in bulk to this country was 
the property of Salem merchants, commanded by a Salem shipmas- 
ter and manned by Salem men. 

Mr. Putnam, who is an authority on Salem shipping, has gathered 
from old newspapers and other sources the story of the sagacity 
and heroism of the men of Salem and nearby towns in bringing 
their valuable cargoes to this port, interspersed with anecdotes of 
thrilling adventures with the Malays. 

160 pp. with Index; 8vo.; 42 full-page illustrations, comprising 75 
separate pictures. Blue boards. Price, postpaid, $3.50. 



THE EASTERN RAILROAD. 
By Francis B. C. Bradlee. 

The demand for this historical work by Mr. Bradlee has been 
constant since the first edition was exhausted, and at the solicita- 
tion of those interested in railroading all over the country, this new 
edition, with additional material and illustrations, is herewith pre- 
sented. 

The Eastern Railroad, which ran from Boston to Portsmouth, 
N. H., was incorporated in 1836, and was one of the first railroads 
built in New England. 

S00 copies printed; pp. 122; 24 full-page illustrations; Svo. Cloth, 
$3.50 per volume. 

New Catalog of all Publications of the Essex Institute sent on 
application. 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

OF THE 

ESSEX INSTITUTE 

Vol. LIX January, 1923 No. 1 

SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES. 



The Ship " George." 
An Account of Her Voyages, Masters, Super- 
cargoes and Crews. 



By George Granville Putnam. 



Few, if any, of the privately owned merchant vessels 
of this country have been more chronicled than the old 
ship George of Salem. She was known in her day, and 
in the present, as the "Salem School Ship," because of 
the fact that more of the boys who began their sea expe- 
rience in her rose to be masters and supercargoes of ves- 
sels than was the case with any other craft. Her story 
has been told in many ways and quoted on various occa- 
sions. She was the fastest merchant ship owned by the 
merchants of Salem, as was the famous privateer America 
in her class. More than forty years ago the writer col- 
lected many facts for a future story of this old Salem 
argosy, and to it he has since added what seems, to him, 
many notes of interest. With this explanation, this bit 
of commercial history, if such it may be termed, is offered 
for publication at this time. 

The late William Leavitt, who was an instructor of 
youth in Salem, especially in navigation and nautical 
astronomy, wrote many interesting articles for publication, 
among them "A History of Essex Lodge of Masons," 

(l) 



2 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

"Materials for the History of Shipbuilding in Salem," and 
"Privateering in the Revolution," all of which are printed 
in the Historical Collections of the Essex Institute. 

Speaking of the ship George, he says : "The George 
was built by an association of ship carpenters who were 
thrown out of employment by the war of 1812. She was 
built in 1814 for a privateer, and her model was made by 
Christopher Turner (a skilled marine architect). Peace 
came on before she was sold ; another deck was raised on 
her and she was made into a merchant ship, and bought 
by Captain Joseph Peabody at $16 a ton, and by him 
named the George (for one of his sons). Her length was 
110 feet and 10 inches; beam, 27 feet; depth of hold, 
13 1-2 feet; tonnage (old measurement), 328. She proved 
to be one of the finest vessels that ever sailed out of 
Salem — remarkably fast sailing, lucky under all comman- 
ders, always arriving with her cargo of Calcutta goods in 
just the nick of time, when the market for such goods 
was at the highest rate and the goods in great demand." 

She drew, ordinarily, on the outward passage, 14 feet 
and six inches, and 15 feet and eight inches when home- 
ward bound. Turner's shipyard, where the George was 
built, was where Frye's Mills were formerly located, at 
the head of the North river, near where Grove street 
now is. 

Her register at the Salem Custom House is as follows : 
George, ship, 328 tons, Salem, 1814. Reg. May 22, 1815. 
Joseph Peabody, Gideon Tucker, owners ; William Has- 
kell, master. Reg. June 30, 1820, Joseph Peabody, owner; 
Samuel Endicott, master. Reg. Sept. 21, 1837, Caleb 
Smith, Jefferson Adams, John B. Peirce, Danvers, own- 
ers ; Jefferson Adams, master. 

Christopher Turner was born in Pembroke, Mass., in 
1767. "He probably came to Salem," says Mr. Leavitt, 
"with Ebenezer Mann, as an apprentice, and he died in 
Charlestown, Dec. 28, 1812, aged 46 years. He was at 
work in the United States navy yard. He was married 
June 9, 1794, by Rev. Thomas Barnard of the old North 
Church, to Sally Osborne. He was buried in Salem by 
the Salem Cadets. He built at Frye's Mills, schooner 
Good Intent, brig St. Michael, ship Brothers, schooner 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 8 

Hope, schooner Lydia, brig Mary, schooner Eliza, ship 
Pompey, ship Endeavor, ship Hope, brig Forrester, brig 
Brutus, ship Hunter, brig Romp, brig Independence, ship 
Rambler, and brig Gleaner." 

There is in the possession of a Danvers gentleman a 
book containing the lists of the officers and men of most 
of the vessels owned by the late Joseph Peabody of 
Salem, and from them have been obtained the names of 
all those who sailed on the George on all her voyages. 
They will be used in the articles which are to follow. 
Where a single town is named it indicates the place of 
both birth and residence ; where two are mentioned, the 
first, in parenthesis, is the birthplace, and the second the 
residence or hailing place at time of shipping. 

First Voyage. 

The George, all spick and span, sailed from Salem, May 
23, 1815, for Pernambuco and Calcutta, under command 
of Captain William Haskell of Salem. She arrived at 
Pernambuco July 4, remained fifteen days, then sailed for 
Calcutta, and arrived there Sept. 26. She loaded for 
home, sailed Feb. 25, 1816, and arrived at Salem June 13, 
1816, in 109 days. On the outward trip she was 42 days 
to Pernambuco, and 69 days thence to Calcutta. She was 
detained at Calcutta 152 days, and she completed the en- 
tire voyage in one year and 21 days, certainly a very good 
showing for a new ship. 

On the homeward passage she spoke in Saugur Roads, 
entrance of the Hooghly river, the brig Alexander, Capt. 
Briggs, 195 days from Salem, bound up the river — an 
extremely long passage. May 6, lat. 16.50 S., Ion. 60 W., 
the George spoke the ship Caledonia, Roberts, 75 days 
from Canton for Philadelphia, where she arrived June 20, 
in 120 days from Canton, and seven days after the arrival 
of the George at Salem. 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, William Haskell (Ipswich), Salem ; Mate, Jacob 
Gottfried Agge (Carlscrona), Salem ; Second Mate, John 
Lord (Ipswich), Salem ; Clerk, Samuel Endicott, Dan- 
vers ; Carpenter, Luther Goldthwait (Danvers), Salem ; 



4 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

Seamen, Thomas M. Sanders, Jeremiah Osgood, Joseph 
Rider and Timothy Wellman, 3d, Salem ; William Rey- 
nolds, Boxford ; Samuel Hutchinson and Herschel Stod- 
der, Salem ; Solomon Wardwell (Danvers), Salem ; Ma- 
nasseh Goodhue (Hamilton), Salem ; Jonathan Batchelder 
(Hamilton), Salem ; Samuel Endicott, Beverly ; Aaron 
Hubbard, Topsfield. Steward, Christopher White, Salem. 
Cook, London Ruliff, Salem. She proceeded to Pernam- 
buco, where she obtained her supercargo, Daniel H. Mans- 
field, Jr. 

Of the foregoing, Samuel Endicott, Thomas M. Saun- 
ders, Joseph Rider, Timothy Wellman, 3d, Samuel 
Hutchinson, Jonathan Batchelder, and Daniel H. Mans- 
field, Jr., became shipmasters. 

Two of the crew, Solomon Wardwell, a native of Dan- 
vers, and Manasseh Goodhue, a native of Hamilton, died 
at Calcutta. 

It was the custom in those days for merchants to allow 
their officers and sailors ventures, that is, a chance to 
invest their money in foreign ports, that the}" might there- 
by profit. Whatever they so bought was subject to du- 
ties, and was obliged to be put on the ship's manifest. A 
glance at the several manifests of the George will show 
that others besides Capt. Peabody were interested in the 
ship and cargo. According to the impost book at the 
Salem Custom House, the consignees were on this voyage 
as follows : J. Peabody and G. Tucker, merchandise 
valued at $152,158.63 { 136,528 pounds sugar and 394 
pounds white sugar to same, and merchandise to Benjamin 
Pickman, Jr., and John H. Andrews. 

Second Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem, July 20, 1816, Thomas West, mas- 
ter, for Hamburg and Calcutta. Arrived at Hamburg, 
Aug. 25, remained one month, and sailed for Calcutta, 
Sept. 25. Arrived at Calcutta Feb. 17, 1817. Loaded 
her homeward cargo, sailed May 24, and arrived at Salem 
Sept. 17, 1817, in 116 days' passage. Passage to Ham- 
burg, 26 days, and from Hamburg to Calcutta, 138 days. 
Voyage, one year, one month and eighteen days. Duties, 
$48,968.72. 




TOOL CHEST AND QUADRANT USED ON THE SHIP "GEORGE 
From the original in possession of the Peabody Museum of Salem 



by george granville putnam o 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Thomas West, Salem ; mate, Jacob Gottfried 
Agge, Salem; second mate, Samuel Endicott, Beverly; 
carpenter, Luther Goldthvvait (Dan vers), Salem ; seamen, 
Daniel H. Mansfield, Jr., Thomas M. Saunders, Jacob 
Sanderson and Samuel M. Dalton, Salem ; John Perley, 
William Reynolds and Greenleaf Perley, Boxford ; Jona- 
than Preston, Stephen Currier and Edward Gale, Salem ; 
Peter Arvedson (Stockholm), Salem ; Samuel Hutchinson 
and William Batchelder, Salem ; steward, London Ruliff, 
Salem ; cook, John Butler (Philadelphia), Salem. 

Samuel Hutchinson did not go again in the ship, but he 
continued to follow the sea, and in later years became a 
shipmaster, sailing in the South American trade. He died 
in Salem, Dec. 13, 1885, in his 90th year, and he was the 
sole survivor of those who sailed with him on these two 
voyages in the George. He and Thomas M. Saunders 
were boys together in the celebrated private armed ship 
America. He was the first commander of the fine barque 
Dragon, owned by Williams & Daland, and a noted vessel 
in her day. She was subsequently owned by Benjamin 
West, father of Arthur W. West of Salem. 

Samuel M. Dalton of Salem, aged 36, died on the 
homeward passage, just before crossing the Equator in the 
Atlantic. He was one of the numerous brave American 
seamen who were held in bondage by the British previous 
to the war of 1812. He was impressed and detained 
twelve years on board their ships. On the breaking out 
of the war he gave himself up as a prisoner, and was 
confined at Dartmoor till the peace, when he returned to 
this country. 

Consignees — Merchandise to Joseph Peabody and G. 
Tucker, and 140,203 pounds sugar and 170 cordage to 
same. 

Third Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem, Oct. 22, 1817, Thomas West, mas- 
ter, for Leghorn and Calcutta. She arrived at Gibraltar, 
Nov. 22, and at Leghorn Dec. 7 — 46 days from Salem. 
She remained at Leghorn until March 24, 1818, and then 



6 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

sailed for Calcutta. She passed Gibraltar April 4, crossed 
the Equator May 2, in longitude 20 W., 39 days from 
Leghorn and 26 from Gibraltar. She passed Cape Good 
Hope June 1, 70 days from Leghorn, and arrived at Cal- 
cutta July 27, 127 days from Leghorn. The ship sailed 
from Calcutta Dec. 18, 1818, for Salem; passed Cape 
Good Hope, Feb. 9, 52 days from Sand Heads ; crossed 
the Equator March 7, in longitude 32.42 W., and arrived 
at Salem April 6, 1819—109 days from Calcutta, a fine 
passage. Voyage, one year, five months and fourteen 
days. Duties, $44,519.45. 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Thomas West, Salem ; mate, Samuel Endicott, 
Beverly ; second mate, Thomas M. Saunders, Salem ; 
carpenter, Luther Goldthwait (Danvers), Salem ; seamen, 
Edward Gale, Salem ; Walter H. Simonton (Portland), 
Salem ; William Tate, Salem ; Solomon Giddings (Dan- 
vers), Beverly ; John Lovett and Benjamin Briant, Jr., 
Beverly ; William Batchelder, John Harvey, Jr., and 
Daniel H. Mansfield, Jr., Salem ; Richard Vickery, Bev- 
erly ; Peter Arvedson (Stockholm), Salem ; Greenleaf 
Perley, Boxford ; George B. Very, Salem ; steward, Wil- 
liam Colman (Alexandria), Salem ; cook, London Ruliff, 
Salem. 

Consignees — Joseph Peabody, G. Tucker, Luther Gold- 
thwait, Edward Gale, John Harvey, William Tate, John 
Lovett, William H. Simonton, Greenleaf Perley, and 
Solomon Giddings. 

The George left at Kedgeree, in the Hoogly river, brig 
Nereus, Bowditch, 170 days from Salem, just arrived. 
The reader is asked to notice the length of this passage 
from Salem, as it will be found interesting in connection 
with some of the future passages of the George. 

Fourth Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem, June 19, 1819, Thomas West, mas- 
ter ; crossed the Equator July 15, 36 days out ; passed 
Cape Good Hope August 18, 70 days out, and arrived at 
Sand Heads Oct. 2 — 115 days from Salem. Left Sand 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 7 

Heads Feb. 8, 1820 ; passed Cape Good Hope April 5, 
58 days out ; crossed the Equator April 30, in longitude 
28.39 W., 83 days out, and arrived and anchored in Salem 
harbor May 25, 1820, at 10 A. M., 108 days from Cal- 
cutta. Voyage, 11 months and 17 days. Duties, $38,- 
239.42. 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Thomas West, Salem ; mate, Samuel Endicott, 
Beverly ; second mate, Thomas M. Saunders, Salem ; car- 
penter and seaman, Luther Goldthwait (Danvers), Salem; 
seamen, John Stickney, Beverly ; William Batchelder, 
Salem ; Henry Towne (Andover), Boxford ; George B. 
Very, Salem ; John Lovett, Richard Vickery and Andrew 
Haskell, Beverly; Joseph Underwood, Salem; John 
Adams, Beverly ; Daniel H. Mansfield, Jr., Salem ; Green- 
leaf Perley, Boxford ; Benjamin Briant, Jr., Beverly ; 
steward, William Colman (Alexandria), Salem ; cook, 
London Ruliff, Salem. 

Consignee — Joseph Peabody. 

In a volume entitled "Old Marblehead Sea Captains 
and the Ships They Sailed," by Benjamin J. Lindsey, in a 
sketch of Capt. Benjamin Andrews of that town, is the 
following, taken from a journal kept by Capt. Andrews 
while in command of the brigantine William of Marble- 
head, on the passage from Batavia for Calcutta : 

"Remarks, Friday, Oct. 1, 1819. These 24 hours com- 
mence with gentle gales and pleasant weather. Cruising 
for Pilot. At 2 P. M. spoke the ship Creorge, from Salem, 
bound to Calcutta, Capt. West. Capt. Andrews requested 
Capt. West to spair him a Topmast, but he declined, sa}^- 
ing he had nown; and our situation was represented to 
said West. But he, like the Good Samaritan, passed on 
the other side." 

Capt. Andrews was drowned at Sumatra in 1821. 

The ship Wanderer, Captain Sampson, sailed from Cal- 
cutta for Boston, two weeks before the George, but did 
not arrive at her destination until June 5, the G-eorge thus 
beating the Wanderer by 25 days. 

Captain West did not command the Creorge again, but 



8 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

probably continued to follow the sea. He died Jan. 24, 
1849, aged 71 years. He was a member of the Salem 
Marine Society. 

Fifth Voyage. 
Sailed from Salem, July 3, 1820, Samuel Endicott, 
master. Crossed the Equator Aug. 14, in longitude 24.06 
W., 42 days out ; passed Cape Good Hope Sept. 8, 67 
days out; arrived at Sand Heads Oct. 27, and at Calcutta 
Oct. 29 — 118 days' passage. Sailed for home Dec. 27, 
1820, and was 51 days and six hours to Cape Good Hope ; 
crossed the Equator March 17, in longitude 37.18 W., 80 
days out. Arrived and anchored in Salem harbor April 
15, 1821, at 1 A. M., 109 1-2 days from Calcutta, and 

9 months and 12 days from the time she left Salem on 
the outward passage. Duties, $21,940.39. 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Samuel Endicott, Beverly ; mate, Thomas M. 
Saunders, Salem ; second mate, Benjamin Briant, Jr., 
Beverly; carpenter, Luther Goldthwait (Danvers), Salem; 
seamen, John Adams, Beverly ; John D. Symonds, Salem; 
John Stickney, Beverly ; William Batchelder, Salem ; 
Andrew Haskell and Edmund Stone, Beverly ; Henry 
Towne (Andover), Boxford ; Greenleaf Perley, Boxford ; 
Joseph Winn, 3d, and George B. Very, Salem ; William 
Davis, Beverly ; steward, William Colman (Alexandria), 
Salem ; cook, Joseph Francis (Africa), Salem. 

Consignee — Joseph Peahody. 

Edmuud Stone of Beverly, one of the sailors of the 
George, on the fifth voyage, drew a picture on his sea 
chest of the ship coming up the North shore on her home- 
ward passage from Calcutta, with the lights of Thacher's 
Island in the distance. A copy of this picture was 
printed, in colors, on the calendar of the Asiatic Bank, 
now merged in the Naumkeag Trust Company, several 
years ago. Several inquiries were made through the press 
for information concerning Mr. Stone, and a friend of 
the Salem News thus replied, in the issue of March 4, 
1904: 

"I have made inquiries regarding Mr. Stone, and I have gleaned 
the following facts, from consulting the files of the Salem Register 





CAPT. WILLIAM DRIVER 
1803 - 1886 



EPHRAIM EMMERTON 
1791 - 1877 





i 


m Ms 












^-JM 






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*■ "*? " ip 






1 



CAPT. THOMAS M. SAUNDERS 
1795 - 1879 



CAPT. SAMUEL ENDICOTT 
1792 - 1872 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 9 

and by conversation with Treasurer Charles H. Kilham of the Bev- 
erly Savings Bank, Hon. Robert S. Rantoul and George H. Allen of 
Salem. Edmund Stone was born in Montserrat (Beverly), Dec. 7, 
1791, and was a son of Josiah and Mary (Wales) Stone. In 1812, at 
the age of 21 years, he was a seaman on the ship Glide; in 1817, he 
was in the ship China; in 1818, in the ship Augustus; in 1820, in the 
ship George, and this was the voyage when he drew this picture of 
the George on top of his sea chest. He married Nancy Standley of 
Montserrat, who married again after his death. She left a daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Edwin Pride, now living in Montserrat. Mr. Stone left a 
son, Edmund Stone, but he died in October, 1851. Mrs. Pride says 
that she well remembers a picture of the George hanging over the 
head of the son's bed, and he also had a small picture of the ship 
Glide, but she has lost all trace of both of the pictures. Searching 
the files of the Salem Register, I find that the fever was raging in 
Batavia in 1824. In the Register of Feb. 21, 1825, is printed this 
paragraph: 'The following deaths occurred at Batavia previous to 
Nov. 3, 1824: Fourteen men on the ship Maine, four on the ship 
Moss, three on the brig Banian, and three on the brig Indus.' The 
Register of Feb. 28, 1825, says: 'Died at Batavia, previous to Aug. 
25, 1824, William Chandler of Hamilton, aged 32, and Edmund Stone 
of Beverly, aged 33, first and second officers of the ship Maine. 
Since the death of Capt. John Upton of Salem (July 29, 1824), 12 of 
her crew have died, including the above, leaving only three alive, 
and two of them boys. One of the latter is named Brown, and the 
other is supposed to be Hooper. Died at Batavia, on board ship 
Maine, William C. Gale, son of Samuel Gale of this town, aged 29 
years.' The Register of March 14, 1825, prints this paragraph: 
'Died on board ship Maine, at Batavia, Stephen B. Dockbam, car- 
penter, of this town. 1 Mrs. Pride has no record of the death of Mr. 
Stone, but she always heard that he and others of the crew died at 
Batavia on some Salem ship, the story being that the men were 
obliged to do some work in the water, instead of natives being hired 
to do it. All hands but one died. The extracts from the Register 
confirm the time and place of Mr. Stone's death. I have been un- 
able to learn anything about Mr. Stone's talents as an artist,whether 
or not he was extremely handy with his brush as well as his pencil, 
and whether or not his efforts were confined to these pictures of the 
George and the Glide. I should be very glad to hear further about 
him." 

In the marine room of the Peabody Museum of Salem 
are no less than five water color paintings from the brush 
of Mr. Stone. One is inscribed "American Ship George 
Leaving Sand Heads, Calcutta, bound to Salem, December 



10 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

28, 1820." The pilot brigs Flora, Eliza, Sea-Horse and 
Philip at right, the bow of ship Partridge at left. 
Another, similar, but without inscription. Another, show- 
ing the George off Baker's Island, Salem. Another, prob- 
ably passing out of Salem harbor. Also a copy of an 
original owned by George H. Allen. 

John Adams, of Beverty, died at sea, after an illness of 
three months, March 18, 1821, in longitude 31.36 W., 
latitude 1.53 N. He was about 33 years of age. His 
body was committed to the deep, with the usual impres- 
sive services, which affect all so deeply and are so lasting 
on shipboard. 

On Feb. 5, 1821, at 10 A.M., a ship was seen from the 
George, bearing W. by N. ; at midnight to the westward ; 
Feb. 6, at 3 P. M., latitude 28.48 S., longitude 40 E., 
came up with her and spoke her, and found she was the 
ship Two Brothers, owned by John Forrester of Salem, 
and commanded by Capt. Gilchrist, 58 days from Canton 
for Antwerp. 

On April5,latitude30.32N., longitude 59 VV., fell in with 
the schooner Susannah of Fredericksburg, having nothing 
standing but her bowsprit and jibboom; boarded and 
found her ballasted with plaster of Paris and with about 
two feet of water in her hold. She appeared to have been 
in this condition a long time. 

Sixth Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem, May 28, 1821, Samuel Endi- 
cott, master; crossed the Equator June 28, 31 days 
out ; passed Cape Good Hope July 30, 63 days out, and 
arrived at Sand Heads, Sept. 11, 106 days from Salem, 
and was eight days working up the Hoogly river to Cal- 
cutta. Sailed from Sand Heads Jan. 2, 1822, having 
been six days coming down the river from Calcutta ; was 
44 days and 18 hours to Cape Good Hope ; crossed the 
Equator March 8, 20 days from Cape Good Hope, and 
arrived at Salem April 6, 95 days from Sand Heads. 
Voyage, 10 months 9 days. Duties. #17,257.91. 

Officers and Crew. 
Master, Samuel Endicott, Beverly; mate, Thomas M. 
Saunders, Salem ; second mate, Benjamin Briant, Jr., 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 11 

Beverly ; carpenter, Luther Goldthwait (Danvers), Salem; 
seamen, Greenleaf Perley, Boxford ; William Berry, 
Salem ; Henry Towne (Andover), Boxford ; Edward 
Collins, Salem ; Enoch Wood, Boxford ; John Stickney, 
Beverly; William C. Lamb and William Batchelder, 
Salem ; Samuel V. Shreve (Alexandria), Salem ; Joseph 
Winn, 3d, and William E. Allen, Salem ; Andrew Has- 
kell, Beverly; steward, William Colman (Alexandria), 
Salem ; cook, Prince Farmer, Salem. 

Consignees — J. Peabody, William Allen, Thomas Bow- 
ditch, Greenleaf Perley, Benjamin Cox, Benjamin Bryant, 
and Thomas M. Saunders. 

The fine sailing of the Greorge on the homeward passage 
is worthy of notice, especially from Sand Heads to Cape 
Good Hope, thence to the Equator. They were seldom 
equalled by the best craft afloat in sailing ship days. 

The Greorge sailed from Salem, in company with the 
fine new ship Acasta, Capt. Cloutman, on a Sunday. 
Wagers were laid that the Acasta would arrive out first. 
A sharp lookout was kept by each ship, but the Greorge 
won out with several days to spare. William W. Oliver, 
deputy collector of customs, states that these two ships car- 
ried from Salem $622,000 in specie. 

Seventh Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem, May 25, 1822, at 1 P. M., Samuel 
Endicott, master. Crossed the Equator June 19, 25 days 
out ; passed the Island of Trinidad, latitude 20 degrees 
south, 32 days out; passed Cape Good Hope July 15, 52 
days and one hour from Salem, and arrived at Sand Heads 
Aug. 20, 89 days from Salem, and was 17 days working 
up the river. This was the quickest outward passage 
ever performed by the ship, 88 days to soundings and 
89 from Salem to Sand Heads. It was going some, too. 
Sailed from Calcutta, Dec. 14, 1822; Sand Heads, Dec. 
19 ; passed Cape Good Hope Feb. 3, 47 days out ; touched 
at St. Helena Feb. 15, 59 days out, and sailed Feb. 17 ; 
crossed the Equator March 3, and arrived at Salem April 
3, 1823, 105 days' passage, and thereby hangs a story. 
Voyage, 11 months and 4 days. Duties, $21,910.96. 



12 salem vessels and their voyages 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Samuel Endicott, Beverly ; mate, Thomas M 
Saunders, Salem; second mate, Benjamin B riant, Jr. 
Beverly ; supercargo, Ephraim Emmerton, Salem ; sea 
men, Greenleaf Perley, Boxford ; Henry Towne (An 
dover), Boxford ; Justin B. McCarthy and William Driver 
Salem ; Enoch Wood, Boxford ; Zachariah Morgan, Bev 
erly ; William C. Lamb and William Batchelder, Salem 
Samuel V. Shreve (Alexandria), Salem ; Joseph Winn 
3d, and William E. Allen, Salem ; Josiah Lovett, 3d, Bev 
erly ; Henry Lander and Edward A. Wilson, Salem 
steward, William Colman (Alexandria), Salem ; cook, 
Prince Farmer, Salem. 

Consignees — Joseph Peabody, Stephen Nourse, Samuel 
Endicott, Ephraim Emmerton, Jr., Samuel V. Shreve, 
Zachariah Morgan, Henry Towne, Samuel Barton, Wil- 
liam E. Allen, Henry Lander, J. B. McCarthy, Greenleaf 
Perley, Joseph A. Peabody, Joseph Winn, Colman and 
Farmer, Tucker Daland, Thomas M. Saunders, and Fran- 
cis Peabody. 

The passage from Salem to Sand Heads in 89 days, 88 
to Soundings, was the quickest outward passage of the 
ship. It was splendid sailing. 

More than forty years ago the writer enjoyed the privi- 
lege of sitting one evening with Captain Thomas M. 
Saunders and Captain Charles H. Allen, at the home of 
the former on Andrew street, and of learning from Cap- 
tain Saunders the story of a remarkable escape from 
wreck of the George. People to-day recall the hard winter 
of 1919-1920, but that of March, 1823, may well take its 
place by its side. 

Reference to the log book of Captain Saunders showed 
that the ship arrived off this coast shortly before sundown 
March 31, 1823. Captain Endicott hoped to get in in 
good season. 

'•We sighted Chatham light shortly before sundown, the weather 
very threatening," said Captain Saunders, as he recalled the terri- 
ble experience of that night. "We ran along and made Cape Cod 
light, the weather shutting in very thick, with hail and sleet, almost 
immediately, the wind E. S. E., fresh. After sighting Cape Cod 





CAPT. JONATHAN H. LOVETT 
1772 - 1844 



CAPT. SAMUEL HUTCHINSON 
1796 - 1885 



■ ; ' 




CAPT. CHARLES D. MUGFORD 
1809 - 1868 




CAPT. THOMAS WEST 

1778 - 1849 

From a painting by M. Corne in 1803 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 13 

light, ran along and made Race Point light on the larboard bow, in 
order to make sure that it was Cape Cod light that we last saw. 
The ship was then under close-reefed fore and mizzen and whole 
maintopsail, and steering about N. N. W. 

"Immediately after sighting Race Point light,the maintopsail was 
close-reefed and the ship was hauled to the northeast. About sun- 
down, as the gale was increasing rapidly, storm staysails were set, 
and the ship was kept on this course until near midnight, making 
five or six knots an hour. 

'!At 8 o'clock P. M. it began to snow, weather very cold, the 
spray freezing to the rigging and forming on the ropes in huge 
icicles, so that they had to be pounded with 'heavers' to keep them 
clear and to prevent clogging of the blocks. At midnight we found 
the maintopsail failing, and undertook to take it in, but lost the 
most of it, partly caused by the mizzen staysail giving out at that 
moment and driving the men from the lee side of the rigging. The 
gale continuing, every remaining sail was carried away by the force 
of the wind, excepting the reefed foresail. The storm continued 
with unabated fury until past midnight. 

"At daybreak, the wind gradually hauled to the northward, and, 
increasing, the foresail went by the bolt ropes, leaving our ship 
without a stitch of canvas on her. After daylight, the gale some- 
what abating, we succeeded in bending another set of staysails, the 
weather still very thick. About 9 or 10 o'clock in the forenoon, 
finding the water shoaling, we arranged both cables of 40 fathoms 
each, making every preparation for anchorage, if the ship should 
get into too shoal water, and prepared for the last alternative of 
cutting away her masts. 

"As the weather moderated, we continued to bend new sails, and 
between 10 and 11 A. M. wore ship, and then saw land nearly astern. 
At noon it was hazy, with the wind N. W. We continued along in 
this way, in very thick weather, although not blowing hard, the re- 
mainder of the day, and at night, between 7 and 9 o'clock, the 
weather partly clearing, we sighted Thacher Island's twin lights 
on the larboard bow, to our great relief and joy. Shortly after, 
we tacked ship to the southward, and continued beating about the 
bay all night, and until boarded by Pilot Perkins, who brought the 
ship into Salem harbor, where we anchored. 

" 'Where were you during the storm of the last two days?' was 
the pilot's first question. Being the first officer, I replied, 'Beating 
about the coast and the bay.' 'No, sir,' he replied, 'your ship 
could not have lived through such a storm in such a place.' 'But 
she did,' I said, 'and here we are.' " 



14 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

Such was the story of this wonderful escape of this 
remarkable ship, as the writer heard it from one on whose 
shoulders rested in no small measure the safety of the 
ship and her crew. Not more than one ship in a hundred 
could have survived such a gale, and it was only the 
sagacity and skill of her commander, ably supported by 
his officers and crew, and the splendid sea-going qualities 
of the ship herself, that saved her from destruction at 
this time. No notice was taken of the heroic conduct of 
the crew and officers by the underwriters, although a very 
heavy loss was saved for them. 

The papers of the day described that storm as "un- 
doubtedly the most violent which has been experienced 
for many years, and probably at such a season has been 
exceeded by none since the memorable storm of April 1 
and 2, 1786." It was the sixth snow storm since the be- 
ginning of March ; the snow fall was two feet on a 
level, and the violent wind threw it into such immense 
banks that the roads were almost impassable. A brig was 
wrecked at Norman's Woe, and nine persons perished, 
only one man being saved. 

Eighth Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem, June 21, 1823, Samuel Endicott, 
master, for Calcutta. Crossed the Equator July 23, 33 
days out ; passed Cape Good Hope Aug. 19, 60 days out ; 
and arrived at Sand Heads Sept. 24, 96 days from Salem 
to pilot, and 95 to soundings. Left Calcutta Feb. 4, 1824, 
Sand Heads Feb. 10, for Salem ; weathered Cape Good 
Hope, in a heavy gale, March 30, 49 days out, fine winds 
and pleasant weather having been strangers since crossing 
the Equator in the Indian Ocean ; crossed the Equator in 
the Atlantic April 23, 73 days from Sand Heads, and ar- 
rived at Salem May 25, 1824, at 10 A. M., 106 days from 
Sand Heads, all well. Voyage, 11 months and two days. 
Duties, $28,082.63. 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Samuel Endicott, Beverly ; mate, Thomas M. 
Saunders, Salem ; second mate, Greenleaf Perley, Boxford 
(Mr. Perley died at Calcutta, Jan. 30, 1824, a son of Mr. 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 15 

and Mrs. Amos Perley of Boxford, and a worthy and very 
promising young man) ; carpenter, Benjamin Ashby, 
Salem ; seamen, Victor Touret (Havre de Grace), Salem; 
Benjamin Stickney, Beverly; William C. Lamb and Wil- 
liam Driver, Salem ; William Pinder, Beverly ; Nicholas 
Edwards (Marblehead), Salem ; James G. Glover, Salem; 
Josiah Lovett, 3d, Beverly ; Joseph Winn, 3d, and Wil- 
liam E. Allen, Salem ; William H. Lovett, Beverly ; Wil- 
liam Melius, Jr. (Machias), Salem ; steward, William 
Coleman (Alexandria), Salem ; cook, Prince Farmer, 
Salem. 

Francis W. Pickman, Salem, was clerk; George W. 
Endicott, Danvers, supercargo ; and Captain Israel Whit- 
ney, Beverly, was a passenger on the homeward trip. 

Consignees — Joseph Peabody, J. A. Peabody, Peabody 
& Deland, Samuel Barton, S. & G. Endicott, Josiah Lov- 
ett, F. W. Pickman, J. Whitney and A. H., Thomas M. 
Saunders, William Leach, E. Rollins, Odell & Perley, 
Prince Farmer, William Driver, J. G. Glover, N. Ayl- 
ward, William Colman, William Pinder, Ephraim Era- 
merton, Jr., William H. Lovett, William Melius, Jr., and 
Joseph Winn, 3d. 

March 30, latitude 35.16 S., longitude 18.38 E., the 
George was boarded by the English East India Company's 
(which, by the way, owned a line of splendid merchant 
vessels in the East India trade) ship Vansittart, Captain 
Dairy mple, 59 days from Canton and 43 days from Anjier, 
Java, for London. Ten days previous the Vansittart 
spoke a French ship from the Isle of France, which in- 
formed Captain Dalrymple of a violent gale at that island 
about March 1, in which thirty sail of vessels were lost at 
that place and at Bourbon. 

The G-eorge spoke, March 20, latitude 30.27 S., longi- 
tude 39.18 East, brig Nereus, Captain Brookhouse, 85 
days from Salem for Mozambique, all well. 

The writer spent one evening looking through the log 
books of Thomas M. Saunders and Joseph Winn, kept by 
them on this voyage. In them he found recorded ac- 
counts of a gale which began Feb. 28, 1824, in latitude 
12.40 S., longitude 86 E., and continued through March 1 
in latitude 13 S. A succession of gales would better ex- 



16 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

press the real conditions. The ship was hove to, and all 
hands, as far as possible, kept below. Only one man was 
allowed on deck, and he was lashed to the helm. March 
2 the gale abated, and the ship continued on her course, 
having sustained considerable damage to her hull and rig- 
ging. Joseph Winn, in his journal, wrote the following : 
"March 2 — Thanks be to God, this gale has abated, for 
we are a picture of a wreck." 

On the completion of this voyage, her commander, 
Captain Samuel Endicott, went two voyages as super- 
cargo, and the mate, Thomas M. Saunders, took charge of 
this fine old packet ship. 

Victor Touret, one of the crew, was the grandfather of 
the late Benjamin A. Touret of Salem, and great-grand- 
father of Bishop Frank Hale Touret of Idaho, who 
preached in Grace and St. Peter's churches, Salem, re- 
cently. 

The George had, as one of her crew on this voyage, a 
boy, who, before he died at a ripe old age, became distin- 
guished as a loyal son of his country in secession times, 
and, because of the fact that he christened the Stars and 
Stripes of America "Old Glory." He was William 
Driver, and his name will go down to posterity because of 
his devotion always, under the most trying circumstances, 
to his flag and to his country. He died in Nashville, 
Tenn., where he "had been hated (by the Confederates, 
because of his Unionism and loyalty), and shunned as 
one affected by the leprous spots," as he wrote in his 
journal. "His flag, Old Glory, which the Rebels could 
not find, because it was sewed up in the coverlet of his 
bed, and was hoisted with his own hands over the capitol 
in Nashville, Tenn., when the Union troops occupied the 
city, is now in possession of the Essex Institute. 

Ninth Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem, June 26, 1824, Thomas M. Saunders, 
master, for Calcutta, and arrived there Oct. 26, 122 days' 
passage. Sailed for home Feb. 13, 1825; passed Cape Good 
Hope April 4, 50 days out, and arrived at Salem May 24, 
100 days from Calcutta. Voyage, 10 months and 27 days 
— a very good trip for the young man on his first voyage 
as master. Duties, $59,778.56. 



by george granville putnam 17 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Thomas M. Saunders, Salem ; mate, Richard 
Wheatland (Wareham), Salem ; second mate, William 
Ashton (Marblehead), Salem ; carpenter, Benjamin Ashby, 
Salem ; seamen, Nicholas Ay 1 ward (Marblehead), Salem ; 
Isaac Swan (Sanbornton, N. H.), Salem ; James G. 
Glover, William E. Allen, William S. Rose and George 
B. Very, Salem ; William Bryant, Beverly ; Michael 
Lord, Ipswich ; William H. Lovett, Beverly ; William 
Melius, Jr. (Machias), Salem ; Charles Ramsdell (Salem), 
Milford ; Augustus Perry (New Bedford), Salem ; Timo- 
thy D. Prentiss (Marblehead), Salem ; steward, William 
Coleman (Alexandria), Salem ; cook, Clement Short 
(New York), Salem. 

Captain Samuel Endicott, Beverly, was supercargo. 

Consignees — Joseph Peabody, Ephraim Emmerton, Jr., 
Thomas M. Saunders, Joseph Shatswell, William Cole- 
man, Richard Wheatland, D. Bancroft and J. E. Tuttle, 
William E. Allen, William H. Lovett. 

Tenth Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem, July 1, 1825, for Calcutta, Thomas 
M. Saunders, master; crossed the Equator Aug. 7, 38 
days out ; passed Cape Good Hope Sept. 4, 66 days out, 
and arrived at Sand Heads Oct. 18, 110 days from Salem. 
Sailed for home Jan. 23, 1826 ; passed Cape Good Hope 
March 17, 54 days from Calcutta ; crossed the Equator 
April 13, in longitude 29.50 west, and arrived at Salem 
May 13, 1826, 111 days from Calcutta. Voyage, 10 
months and 12 days. Duties, $47,931.53. 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Thomas M. Saunders ; mate, William Ashton 
(Marblehead), Salem ; second mate, Michael Lord (Ips- 
wich), Salem ; clerk and seaman, Augustus Perry (New 
Bedford), Salem ; supercargo, Samuel Endicott, Beverly ; 
carpenter, David Driver (Manchester), Beverly ; seamen, 
William R. Coombs (Islesboro), Salem ; Robert G. Elliott, 
Beverly ; Joseph Keirom (Madeira), Salem ; Isaac Swan, 
(Sanbornton, N. H.), Salem; William H. Lovett and 



18 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

Ebenezer Smith, Jr., Beverly ; James G. Glover and 
William E. Allen, Salem ; Charles Ramsdell (Salem), 
Milford ; William Melius, Jr. (Machias), Salem ; William 
Manning, Jr., Salem ; steward, James Ruliff, Salem ; cook, 
William Ranson, Salem. 

Consignees — Joseph Peabody, Samuel Endicott, Thomas 
M. Saunders, William Ashton, Albert Thorndike, William 
Millers, Michael Lord, James G. Glover, William H. 
Coombs, Isaac Swan, William E. Allen, Robert G. Elliott. 

Another instance of the Greorge showing her speed was 
w.hen at sea on the morning of August 7, 1825, at 6.30 
o'clock, the lookout sighted a ship, lower yards to the 
water, ahead of her. In the short time of three hours 
she overtook and spoke the stranger, and found her 
to be an English ship bound from London for New South 
Wales. At night the English craft was so far astern that 
she could not be seen from the George. 

Eleventh Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem August 6, 1826, Samuel Endicott, 
master. Crossed the Equator September 20, in longitude 
23.17 W., 43 days out; passed Cape Good Hope Oct. 6, 
69 days oat, and arrived at Sand Heads Dec. 5, 119 days 
from Salem, and arrived at Calcutta Dec. 12, having had 
light easterly winds up the Hoogly river. Left Calcutta 
Jan. 28, 1827, Sand Heads Feb. 4, and passed Cape Good 
Hope March 26, 50 days from Sand Heads ; sighted St. 
Helena April 7, at 11 A. M., 62 days out, bearing by 
compass N. W. by N. N. W., distance 50 miles, and lost 
sight of it the next day at the same hour, having seen it 
for 105 miles ; crossed the Equator April 20, in longitude 
28.59 W., and arrived at Salem May 23, 1827, at 7 A.M., 
107 days from Calcutta. Voyage, 9 months and 17 days. 
Duties, $17,015.40. 

Captain Endicott wrote in his journal : "From May to 
October, when outward bound, I have always endeavored 
to pass from four degrees to six degrees west of St. An- 
thony, one of the Cape Verde islands. By so doing, I 
have found much steadier winds and carried the N". E. 
trades much farther south. At this season of the year S, 
and S. S. W. winds prevail between the S. E. and N. E. 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 19 

trades, where a ship may always obtain easting enough 
so as not to cross the Equator too far west, and, I think, 
following this route will always shorten the passage to 
the Equator." 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Samuel Endicott, Beverly ; mate, William Ash- 
ton (Marblehead), Salem ; second mate, Jonathan H. 
Lovett, Jr., Beverly; supercargo, Samuel Barton, Salem; 
carpenter, Benjamin Millett, Salem ; seamen, Ebenezer 
Smith, Jr., and William H. Lovett, Beverly : David 
Driver (Manchester), Beverly ; William Manning, Salem; 
John Vickery, Jr., George Whitmarsh, William Lovett, 
Jr., Stephen Church and Josiah Bennett, Beverly ; Thomas 
Webb (New York), Salem; William G. Oliver, Salem; 
Augustus Perry (New Bedford), Salem ; steward, Wil- 
liam Coleman (Alexandria), Salem ; cook, Jesse Burrill 
(Worcester), Salem. 

Consignees — Joseph Peabody, Samuel Endicott, John 
O. Lovett, Ebenezer Smith, William Coleman. 

No less than eight Beverly boys, it will be noted, were 
members of the crew, while a Beverly man was master, 
and another Beverly man was second mate. Beverly had 
the call on this voyage. William Ashton, the mate, 
later became master of the ship Mentor, in the Salem- 
Sumatra trade. George Whitmarsh became master of the 
ship Eclipse in the Sumatra trade, succeeding Capt. Wil- 
kins, who was murdered by the Malays. 

Twelfth Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem July 4, 1827, Thomas M. Saunders, 
master. Crossed the Equator August 13, 40 days out; 
passed Cape Good Hope Sept. 9, 67 days out, and arrived 
at Sand Heads Nov. 6, 125 days from Salem ; was eight 
days working up the river to Calcutta, all well. Left 
Calcutta Feb. 9, 1828; Sand Heads Feb. 11 (off which 
spoke ship Emerald, Joseph Webb, master, R. C. Mackay, 
supercargo, from Salem, Sept. 30, 153 days from Salem ; 
Capt. Webb was the grandfather of the late Capt. Arthur 
N. Webb, formerly treasurer of the Holyoke Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company of Salem ; the Emerald had papers 



20 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

and letters from home for those on the G-eorge, which 
proved most acceptable) ; passed Cape Good Hope April 2, 
53 days out ; crossed the Equator April 26, in longitude 
28.10 W., 24 days from the Cape, and arrived at Salem 
May 19, 1828, 98 days from Sand Heads and 100 from 
Calcutta. Voyage, 10 months and 15 days. Duties, 
$21,875.72. 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Thomas M. Saunders, Salem ; mate, William 
Ashton (Marblehead), Salem ; second mate, Jonathan H. 
Lovett, Jr., Beverly ; supercargo, Samuel Barton, Salem ; 
carpenter, Benjamin Millett, Salem ; seamen, Ebenezer 
Smith, Beverly ; Thomas Webb (New York), Salem ; 
George Whitmarsh, John Vickery, Jr., William Lovett 
and Stephen Church, Beverly ; William Manning, Jr., 
Salem ; David Driver (Manchester), Beverly ; John J. 
Scobie, William G. Oliver John B. Goodhue and Charles 
H. Allen, Salem; steward, William Coleman (Alexandria), 
Salem ; cook, Jesse Burrill (Worcester), Salem. 

Consignees — Joseph Peabody, Thomas M. Saunders, 
William Coleman, Ebenezer Smith, Josiah Lovett, Lovett 
& Thorndike, E. Ellingwood, Samuel Emery, William 
Ashton, William W. Oliver. 

Died at Calcutta, Dec. 18, 1827, after an illness of 
fourteen days, John Vickery, Jr., of Beverly, 26 years, 
seaman. 

Died at sea, March 21, 1828, latitude 31 south, longi- 
tude 37.20 east, William G. Oliver, 18 years 9 months, 
son of William W. Oliver, Esq., deputy collector of cus- 
toms of Salem. Thereby hangs a pathetic story. Older 
Salem people will recall, readily, Deputy Collector Wil- 
liam W. Oliver, who held that office forty -six years, and 
who was a perfect encyclopedia of information regarding 
Salem commerce. As the reader has observed, his son, 
William G. Oliver, was making his second voyage in the 
Greorge, and he was well when the ship left Calcutta. On 
the previous voyage, when the ship was sighted from 
Salem Neck, a lad ran up to the Salem Custom House 
and told the news to Mr. Oliver, for which he received a 





SAMUEL BARTON 
1805 - 1840 



CAPT. AUGUSTUS PERRY 
1807 - 1879 





CAPT JOSEPH WINN 
1805 - 1880 



CAPT. DANIEL H. MANSFIELD 
1801 - 1876 



BY GEOBGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 21 

quarter, as was the custom in those days to give the boys 
for their news. Mr. Oliver quickly got a chaise, drove to 
the Xeck and then to the wharf, and from the latter took 
the sailor lad home with him, where the mother gladly 
received him. On this second voyage, however, when a 
lad rushed to him with the news, "The George is coming, 
Mr. Oliver," he gave the lad his fee, and then said, "My 
boy is dead, and I am going home." Suiting the action 
to the word, he took his hat and went home to his wife, 
a sorrow-stricken man. Yet he had had no possible way 
of knowing the sad news, for the lad died at sea, and the 
ship was not spoken after the boy's decease. 

Mr. Oliver, the boy's father, died in Salem, Dec. 29, 
1869, in his 92d year, and, as before stated, is well re- 
membered by older Salem people of to-day. He was an 
enthusiast on walking, and would frequently take long 
tramps. On one occasion, when there was a fire in Lynn, 
he was asked where the fire was, and he replied, "I am 
told it is in Lynn ; guess 1 will step over and see.'' The 
story goes that he did so. He was employed in the Salem 
Custom House as office boy, clerk, and deputy collector, 
forty-six years and ten days. Aside from his wonderful 
knowledge of the commerce of Salem, he was very 
minute in local history, and he would delight his hearers 
with his personal recollections of the visit of President 
George Washington to Salem, in October, 1789, for then 
he was a bo\' eleven years of age, and he retained a vivid 
recollection of the scenes on that occasion. 

The brig Bramin, Captain Leach, sailed from Sand 
Heads, Feb. 7, for New York, four days before the George, 
but was overtaken by the ship Feb. 13, latitude 14.53 
north, longitude 87.30 east. 

A breeze of excitement was created on the George on 
the outward passage to Calcutta, when, in latitude 5 
north, longitude 18 west, the ship passed about two miles 
to leeward of a four-masted vessel standing to the west- 
ward. The stranger had every appearance of being a 
pirate. Some of the crew of the George hid their money, 
determined to save it if possible. When six or seven 
miles astern of the George, the craft tacked and stood for 
her. She set all drawing sail and continued the chase for 



22 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

sixteen hours, but finding that the George outsailed her, 
gave up the pursuit. She was a vessel of about 200 tons, 
and resembled somewhat a man-of-war. Several years 
later it was learned that she was a slaver. "But the boys 
were mightily scared," said Capt. Saunders and Capt. 
Charles H. Allen (the latter was a boy on the George at 
the time), in relating the occurrence to the writer some 
half a century later. 

Thirteenth Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem, Aug. 8, 1828, Thomas M. Saunders, 
master. Crossed the Equator Sept. 10, 33 days out, and 
arrived at Pernambuco Sept. 17, 40 days from Salem, and 
leaking 1000 to 1200 strokes per hour. She was dis- 
charged, stripped, hove down, repaired, sheathed anew 
with board and copper, reloaded, and was detained in port 
but 49 days. The entire expense was about $9,000. 
Sailed from Pernambuco Nov. 6 ; passed Cape Good Hope 
Nov. 30, 24 days from Pernambuco, and arrived at Sand 
Heads Jan. 18, 1829, 74 days from Pernambuco, and ar- 
rived at Calcutta Jan. 22. Sailed from Sand Heads March 
1, 1829 ; passed Cape Good Hope April 19, 50 1-2 days 
out ; sighted St. Helena May 4 ; crossed the Equator May 
15, in longitude 30.28 W., 76 days out, and arrived at 
Salem June 9, 1829, 100 1-2 days from Sand Heads, and 
104 from Calcutta, all well. Voyage, ten months and one 
day. Duties, $21,055.68. 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Thomas M. Saunders, Salem ; mate, William 
Ashton, Salem ; second mate, Jonathan H. Lovett, Jr., 
Beverly ; supercargo, Samuel Barton, Salem ; carpenter, 
David Driver (Manchester), Beverly ; seamen, James G. 
Glover and Benjamin Cheever, Salem ; Nicholas Aylward 
(Marblehead), Salem ; Jacob Ford (Portland), Salem ; 
Stephen Church, Beverly; Charles H. Allen and John B. 
Goodhue, Salem ; Stephen Woodbury and Jonathan Bis- 
son, Beverly ; Francis B. Dennis, Salem ; James Murdock 
(Cuba), Salem ; Eben B. Osgood, Salem ; cook, Charles 
M. Downing (Philadelphia), Salem; steward, John Tucker, 
Salem. 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 2S 

Consignees — Joseph Peabody, Thomas M. Saunders, 
William Thorndike, William Ashton, Ebenezer Smith, 
Francis Lamson, C. M. Downing, J. G. Glover. 

Twenty-one days after leaving Pernambuco the George 
spoke the English transport ship Sophia Thomas, of Lon- 
don, Captain Ely, from Dublin for New South Wales, with 
192 convicts on board. She sent her boat to board the 
George, and bought one barrel of flour, one barrel of 
bread, two kegs of tobacco, and 1000 cigars. 

Fourteenth Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem, Aug. 11, 1829, Samuel Endicott, 
master. Crossed the Equator Sept. 17, 37 days out ; 
passed Cape Good Hope Oct. 20, 70 days out, and arrived 
at Sand Heads Dec. 7, 118 days from Salem, and at Cal- 
cutta Dec. 12, all well. Sailed from Calcutta Feb. 11, 
1830; Sand Heads, Feb. 17; passed Cape Good Hope 
April 3, 15 1-2 days out ; crossed the Equator April 29, 
79 days from Calcutta and 23 1-2 days from Cape Good 
Hope, and arrived at Salem May 25, 1830, at 8 A. M., 98 
days from Calcutta. Voyage, 9 months and 14 days. 
Duties, $12,915.57. 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Samuel Endicott, Beverly ; mate, William Ash- 
ton, Salem ; second mate, Jonathan H. Lovett, Jr., Bev- 
erly ; supercargo, Samuel Barton, Salem ; carpenter, 
David Driver (Manchester), Salem ; seamen, John Brown 
(New York), Salem , George M. Haskell, Salem ; Robert 
Stein (New York), Salem ; James Murdock (Cuba), 
Salem ; Charles Bush, Salem; John Ellison (Ipswich), 
Salem ; William Anderson (St. Johns), Salem ; William 
Peckham (New York), Salem ; George Leeds (Gravesend, 
Eng.), Salem ; Benjamin Chapman, Charles D. Mugford 
and Andrew Haraden, Salem ; steward, John Tucker, 
Salem; cook, Charles M. Downing (Philadelphia), Salem. 

Consignees — Joseph Peabody, Samuel Endicott, J. H. 
Lovett, C. Stephens, William Ashton. 



24 salem vessels and their voyages 

Fifteenth Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem, Aug. 20, 1830, Samuel Endicott, 
master. Crossed the Equator Sept. 26, 37 days out ; 
passed Cape Good Hope Oct. 28, 69 days out, and ar- 
rived at Sand Heads Dec. 19, 121 days from Salem, and 
at Calcutta Dec. 25, all well. Sailed from Calcutta, Feb. 
15, 1831 ; Sand Heads, Feb. 17 ; passed Cape Good Hope 
April 11 ; St. Helena, April 24 ; crossed the Equator May 
3, and arrived at Salem May 22, 1831, at midnight, after 
a pleasant passage of 95 days from Calcutta and 93 from 
Sand Heads. Voyage, 9 months and 15 days. Duties, 
$44,933.48. 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Samuel Endicott, Beverly ; mate, Jonathan H. 
Lovett, Jr., Beverly; second mate,George Sherry(Charles- 
ton, S. C), Salem ; supercargo, Samuel Barton, Salem ; 
carpenter, Peter Lewis (Kennebunk, Maine), Salem ; sea- 
men, William Manning, 2d, Salem ; John L. Gallup, Bev- 
erly ; Charles H. Allen, Salem ; Jonathan Bisson, Bever- 
ly ; Thomas Hunt, Charles Bush and Charles D. Mugford 
Salem; Calvin Wallis, Beverly; Andrew Haraden, Jr., 
John West, William H. Allen and Francis A. Winn, 
Salem; steward, John Tucker, Salem; cook, William 
Drew (Dorchester), Salem. 

Consignees — Joseph Peabody, Benjamin Cox (later a 
prominent physician and surgeon, whose house on Essex 
street is now the home of the Essex Institute), Samuel 
Endicott, Charles D. Mugford, Peter E. Webster, William 
H. Allen, Benjamin W. Stone (afterwards a member of 
the firm of Stone, Silsbees & Pickman), Jonathan H. 
Lovett. 

Some tall sailing was done on this voyage. On the 
homeward passage the run from Cape Good Hope to the 
Equator was made in 22 days, from Cape Good Hope to 
St. Helena in 13 days, from St. Helena to the Equator in 
9 days, from St. Helena to Salem in 31 days, and from 
Cape Good Hope to Salem in 41 days. 

(To be continued^) 



ESSEX COUNTY VESSELS CAPTURED BY 
FOREIGN POWERS, 1793-1813. 



Compiled from American State Papers 



(Continued from Volume LVIII, page 287. .) 



Joanna, brig, Jeremiah Blanchard, of the district of 
Newburyport, from Norfolk to Jamaica ; owner, Joseph 
Sevier; captured July 12, 1804, in the Caucus passage, by 
a French privateer out of Baracoa in the Island of Cuba, 
called La Fortune, Captain Ameling ; owned by Povo & 
Dubier of Baracoa ; carried into Baracoa, robbed of her 
spare rigging, stores and provisions, the captain's spyglass 
and the brig's boat ; after detaining her 11 days, she was 
carried into an out port, 5 leagues to the eastward of 
Baracoa, by the privateersmen, and kept under a battery 
of two guns ; the sixth day after she was cut out by the 
English brig Hunter and carried to Jamaica ; vessel, 
cargo and freight condemned to a salvage of one-third, 
valued at $5,694.99. 

John, brig, Matthew P. Dole, of the district of New- 
buryport, for Jamaica, with lumber and provisions ; owner, 
John Pearson ; captured Mar. 8, 1804, by a French pri- 
vateer called the Liberty, Captain Cady, carried into St. 
Jago de Cuba ; vessel and cargo then taken from the cap- 
tain, without any trial; value of vessel, $7,000; value of 
cargo, $6,000 ; adventures, $500. 

Joseph, sch., John Lurney, of the district of Newbury- 
port; owners, John Burrill, Ebenezer Gunneson, Elias 
Dudley, Michael Smith, David Ilsley, and Clement Starr ; 
captured on return from West Indies by the French pri- 
vateer Adet, John Saverneau, Mar. 26, 1804, carried to 
St. Jago de Cuba and destroyed ; captain plundered of his 
clothes and every article from his cabin, turned on shore 
with one of his people, without a dollar on which to sub- 
sist, and protests against the Spanish government for per- 

(25) 



26 ESSEX COUNTY VESSELS CAPTURED 

mitting the privateers to conduct into port his vessel and 
retain the same ; value of vessel, $2,500 ; value of cargo, 
$17,234. 

Joseph, Pedrick, of Marblehead, bound to Gottenburg, 
captured and detained at Farhsund, in 1810 ; cleared, 
paying costs and $200 to captors. 

Juno, Page, of Salem, from Salem to St. Petersburg, 
with sugar, coffee and cotton; owners, J. W. Saunders & 
Co. ; captured by the Danes, and passed without inter- 
ruption, June 23, 1811. 

Lady Washington, brig, Gerrish, of Newbury port, 
from Barbadoes, captured Mar., 1797, by a French cruiser; 
cargo, sugar and rum ; carried to Curracoa ; undecided as 
to condemnation. 

Lark, sch., Cloutman, of Marblehead, from Marble- 
head, with cotton, rice and wax, captured by the British 
and condemned by the court of admiralty, July 5, 1811 ; 
value of vessel, $2,000 ; value of cargo, $1,800 ; sold and 
money deposited in court to await for twelve months the 
appeal of the captured. 

Lavinia, brig, of Salem, from Aux Cayes, captured 
1796, sent into Cuba. 

Leader, sloop, Capt. Warner, of Cape Ann, from 
Cape Ann, captured Sept. 1, 1796, by the privateer Bas 
Blanche; cargo valued at $5,000; carried into Petit 
Guave ; probably condemned. 

Louisa, Rice, of Salem, from Salem to Petersburg, 
with sugar and fustick : owner, R. Wheatland ; captured 
and brought to Copenhagen, July 11, 1811 ; passed with- 
out interruption. 

Lydia, Cheever, of Marblehead, bound to Salem; cap- 
tured in 1810 and detained at Christiansand ; papers sent 
to Paris. 

Maria, sch,, 60 tons, Jacob Stone, with 12 seamen and 
5 guns, of Newburyport, from Newburyport to Leghorn, 
with coffee and sugar ; owners of vessel and cargo, Jack- 
son, Parsons and others ; consignee, Jacob Stone ; taken 
in the Straits of Gibraltar, Feb. 13, 1799, by six pri- 
vateers, and conducted to Algeziras ; value of cargo, 
$24,000. 






ESSEX COUNTY VESSELS CAPTURED 27 

Marianne, ship, Patterson, of Salem, from London, 
with dry goods, taken by a French privateer, Mar., 1797, 
and conducted to Pasages. 

Martin, sch., Nath. Williams, with 7 seamen and 8 
guns, of Gloucester, to Cadiz, with beef, pork, rice and 
butter ; Nath. Williams, consignee ; taken 3 leagues from 
St. Sebasts, Apr. 26, 1798, by a privateer, and conducted 
to St. Lucar. 

Mary, sloop, Goodhue, of and from Newburyport, to 
Surinam, captured 1796, carried into Guadeloupe and 
cleared. 

Mary, sch., Vickery, of Marblehead, from Marblehead, 
with green fish and oil, captured by the British and con- 
demned by the court of admiralty, June 18, 1811 ; value 
of vessel, $2,000 ; value of cargo, $1,800 ; sold and 
money deposited in court to await for twelve months the 
appeal of the captured. 

Mary, barque, Ropes, of Salem, from St. Petersburg to 
Salem, with sailcloth, hemp and iron ; taken in company 
with the remainder of a fleet under convoy of a British 
gun-brig and sent into Christiansand by five Danish gun- 
brigs, in July, 1810 ; condemned July 2, 1811. 

Mary Ann, Wellman, of Salem, from Salem to St. 
Petersburg, with sugar, coffee and indigo ; owners, Sils- 
bee & Stone ; captured by the Danes, and passed without 
interruption, June 19, 1811. 

Mary Pilke, Myer, of Newburyport, captured and 
taken into Copenhagen in 1810 ; condemned. 

Mentor, Ashton, of Salem, from Salem to St. Peters- 
burg, with cotton and rum ; owners, J. Ashton & Co. ; 
captured by the Danes, and passed without interruption, 
June 13, 1811. 

Moses, Massey, of Salem, from Salem to Copenhagen, 
with rice, flour, beef; owner, Richard Gardner; captured 
and brought into Copenhagen, Aug. 5, 1811 ; passed 
without interruption. 

Nalouisca, brig, of Newburyport, captured 1796, 
carried into St. Jago. 



28 ESSEX COUNTY VESSELS CAPTURED 

Nancy, ship, Jesse James, of Salern, from London, 
with dry goods, taken by a French privateer, Mar., 1797, 
and conducted to Pasasfes. 

Nancy, Eveleth, of Newburyport, from Newburyport 
to Petersburg, with sugar and logwood ; owner, Moses 
Brown; captured and brought into Copenhagen, Sept. 3, 
1811 ; condemned by the prize court, and acquitted by 
the high court of admiralty and fined 1,000 Danish Rix 
Dollars. 

Neptune, Warner, of Newburyport, from Gottenburg 
to Petersburg, in ballast, captured and brought into Co- 
penhagen Aug. 14, 1811. Condemned for having English 
license. 

Orestes, Allen, of Salem, from Salem to St. Peters- 
burg, with sugar, pepper and indigo ; owner, Hugh Mc- 
Cullock; captured by the Danes, May, 1811 ; passed 
without interruption. 

Orient, Andrews, of Marblehead, from Marblehead to 
Petersburg, with sugar and logwood ; owners, R. Hooper 
& Sons ; captured by the Danes and passed without inter- 
ruption, June 21, 1811. 

Ossipee, ship, Samuel Chandler, of the district of 
Newburyport; owners, Leonard Smith, Nathaniel Smith, 
and Wm. Smith; captured on passage from Guadeloupe 
by the private armed sloop Rosalinda, Allexander Belling- 
ton, carried to Nevis and condemned by the Vice Admiral- 
ty Court at Antigua ; she sailed from Newburyport for 
Emboden, where she arrived July 30, 1804, with a cargo 
of coffee and sugar, and took on board butter, cheese, 
bricks, beer, wine, linens, and sailed for the West Indies; 
arrived at Point Petre Nov. 7, disposed of her cargo, and 
was proceeding with her return cargo when captured ; 
value of vessel, $5,500 ; value of cargo, $17,500 ; freight, 
$3,200. 

Pacific, Becket, of Salem, from Salem to Gothenburg, 
with flour, rice, tobacco, sugar and rum ; owner, John 
Andrew; captured by a privateer, June 16, 1809, and 
carried into Christiansand, Norway ; condemned Dec. 18, 
1809, and appealed ; value, $31,000. 



ESSEX COUNTY VESSELS CAPTURED 29 

Packet, Pedrick, of Marblehead, captured by a pri- 
vateer and carried into Christiansand, Norway, about 
Oct., 1809. Cleared. 

Peggy, sch., John Denny, of the district of Newbury- 
port, from St. Mary's to Newburyport ; owner, Aug. E. 
Wheelwright ; captured on her passage from St. Mary's 
to Newburyport, February, 1804, by a private armed 
schooner, Sea Flower, Captain Moses Monson, taken into 
St. Jago de Cuba, the property distributed among the 
captors, without trial ; loaded with provisions bound to 
Cape Francois, then in possession of the French troops, 
but on arriving before that port in Dec, 1803, was board- 
ed and detained by the British squadron, at the time the 
Cape was evacuated, after which Captain Denny was per- 
mitted to proceed to any port in the Island, St. Domingo 
excepted ; value of vessel, $2,000 ; value of cargo, 
$22,690.50. 

Polly, brig, Michael Smith, of Newburyport, with 
crew of 9; owners, Bailey & Noyes of Newburyport; 
captured by the corsairs of Algiers in consequence of the 
truce with Portugal, Oct. 25, 1793. 

Polly, brig, Michael Smith of Newburyport, with 8 
men ; Bailey and Noyes, owners ; captured by Algerian 
corsairs near Gibraltar, Oct. 25, 1793. 

Polly, ship, William Bradshaw, of Salem, bound for 
Malaga, with provisions and lumber consigned to Griveg- 
nee & Co., by John Norris, owner ; captured Apr. 29, 1797, 
by the French privateer Zenador, carried to Carthagena 
and condemned ; vessel valued at $15,000 ; cargo, $70,000. 

Polly, sch., William Morris, of the district of New- 
buryport, from Newburyport to the West Indies ; with 
provisions and dry goods ; owner, Ebenezer Stocker ; 
captured Dec. 15, 1803, by French privateer schooner 
L' Hirondelle, Captain Geravdeia, and carried to St. 
Domingo; vessel and cargo condemned; value of vessel, 
$2,000; value of cargo, $7,848.79; adventures, $2,000. 

Polly, brig, Graves, of Marblehead, from St. Peters- 
burg to Marblehead, with sailcloth, hemp and iron ; taken 
in company with the remainder of a fleet under convoy of 



30 ESSEX COUNTY VESSELS CAPTURED 

a British gun brig and sent into Christiansand by five 
Danish gun-brigs, in July, 1810 ; condemned July 2, 1811. 

Polly, Lyon, of Marblehead, bound to Lubeck, cap- 
tured and detained at Farhsund in 1810; cleared, costs 
and $150 to captors. 

Polly, sch., Devereux, of Marblehead, from Marble- 
head, with green fish and oil, captured by the British, and 
condemned by the court of admiralty, June 18, 1811 ; 
value of vessel, $2,000; value of cargo, $1,800; sold and 
money deposited in court to await for twelve months the 
appeal of the captured. 

Rachel, brig, Joseph, of Salem, from Boston to Rus- 
sia, with sugar; captured April 1, 1811, and detained at 
Copenhagen; condemned in lower court; case pending 
before the High Court of Admiralty, June 1, 1811 ; ac- 
quitted. 

Rebecca, Searl, of Salem, from Salem to St. Peters- 
burg, with cotton and logwood; owners, Samuel Page & 
Co. ; captured by the Danes, and passed without interrup- 
tion, June 25, 1811. 

Rebecca, sch., Meek, of Marblehead, from Gothenburg 
to Marblehead ; taken in company with the remainder of 
a fleet under convoy of a British gun-brig and sent into 
Christiansand by five Danish gun-brigs, in July, 1810 ; 
condemned July 2, 1811. 

Respect, brig, John March, of Newburyport, to Am- 
sterdam, with coffee, sugar, ginger and logwood ; William 
Bartlett, owner ; taken by a Guernsey privateer, July 2, 
1804, carried to Plymouth, libelled, tried; sentence, fur- 
ther proof; value of vessel, $10,000; value of cargo, 
$51,709.78 ; adventures, $5,269.68. 

Robert, brig, William Thomas, of the district of New- 
buryport; owner, Benjamin Willis; captured on her 
passage from Martinico by the British armed commis- 
sioned schooner Grand Turk, and condemned at a court 
of Vice Admiralty at St. John, Antigua, July 9, 1804, as 
good prize ; vessel carried out provisions and was retnrn- 
ino- with produce; value of vessel, $4,000; value of 
ca?go, $10,472.34 ; freight, $963.13. 



ESSEX COUNTY VESSELS CAPTURED 31 

Sally, sell., Stacey, of Marblehead, from Corona to 
Bilbao, with codfish, taken by the privateer Grande Bon- 
aparte, Oct., 1797. 

Sally, Giddings, of Beverly, from Beverly to St. Pe- 
tersburg, with rice and sugar ; owners, Leach, Stephens 
& Killam ; captured by the Danes, and passed without 
interruption, June 13, 1811. 

Sally, Giddings, of Beverly, from Petersburg to Bev- 
erly, with iron and hemp ; owners, Leech, Stephens & 
Killam ; captured and brought into Copenhagen, Sept. 7, 
1811 ; passed without interruption. 

Star, from Salem to Naples, with coffee, indigo, fish 
and dye-wood ; captured by a French privateer, Feb. 2, 
1811, and carried into Marseilles. 

Success, Porter, of Salem, from Salem to St. Peters- 
burg, with cotton and logwood ; owners, John and 
Stephen White ; captured by the Danes, and passed with- 
out interruption, June 17, 1811. 

Sukey, Osgood, of Salem, from Petersburg to Salem, 
with tallow and hemp ; owner, S. Phillips ; captured and 
brought into Copenhagen, Aug. 28, 1811 ; released. 

Suwarrow, Leach, of Beverly, from Beverly to Goth- 
enburg, with tobacco ; owners, Thorndike & Co.; captured 
Apr. 30, 1809, by a privateer and carried into Christian- 
sand, Norway ; condemned Dec. 28, 1809, and appealed ; 
value, $20,000. 

Swift, Clarkson, of Newburyport, from Lisbon to 
Newburyport, with iron, hemp and flax ; owner, Benjamin 
Merrill; captured and taken into Copenhagen, June 7, 
1811 ; passed without interruption. 

Swift Packet, brig, Jeremiah Goodhue, of the dis- 
trict of Newburyport, to New Orleans, with coffee ; cap- 
tured Dec. 21, 1804, by two French privateers, the San 
Sourit and Dolphin, carried into St. Jago de Cuba, and 
vessel and cargo there taken from the captain without 
trial ; owners, Ebenezer Stocker and Thomas C. Amory ; 
value of vessel, $3,000 ; value of cargo, $19,285.50 ; ad- 
ventures, $1,028.75. 



32 ESSEX COUNTY VESSELS CAPTURED 

Topaz, Herrick, of Newburyport, from Newburyport 
to Copenhagen, with sugar and coffee ; owners, B. Peirce 
& Co. ; captured Aug. 8, 1809, and sent into Fleckefiord; 
value, $60,000 ; condemned Dec. 18, 1809. 

Two Sisters, sch., Bridgeo, of Marblehead, from Mar- 
blehead, with green fish, captured by the British and con- 
demned by the court of admiralty, June 18, 1811 ; value 
of vessel, $2,000 ; value of cargo, $1,800 ; sold and money 
deposited in court to await for twelve months the appeal 
of the captured. 

Union, sch., Charles Friend, of the district of New- 
buryport; owners, Michael Smith, John Burrill, Ebenezer 
Gunnison and Clement Starr ; captured on her passage 
from Martinico for Newburyport, Mar. 4, 1804, by the 
British ship Panderer, John Nash, Esq., carried into Do- 
minico, and acquitted at a court of Vice Admiralty in An- 
tigua, but appealed for by the captors and abandoned to 
them by the master ; value of vessel, cargo and freight, 
$13,549.99. 

Union, Proctor, of Marblehead, from Marblehead to 
Petersburg, with sugar; owners, W. and N. Hooper; 
captured by the Danes, and passed without interruption, 
June 7, 1811. 

Union, Proctor, of Marblehead, from Petersburg to 
Marblehead, with iron and hemp; owner, W. and N. 
Hooper; captured and brought into Copenhagen, Aug. 
25, 1811 ; passed without interruption. 

Valeria, brig, Stover, of Newbui'3'port, from Aux 
Cayes to Newburyport, captured Jan. 15, 1797, by a 
French privateer ; cargo, molasses, sugar and cotton ; 
carried to St. Jago. 

Vengeance, Ward Chipman, of Salem ; taken Jan. 7, 
1808, by the corsair the Precurseur ; owner, Wm. Gray ; 
condemned by the Imperial Council of Prizes at Paris, 
June 15, 1808; motion for condemnation ; no certificate 
of origin ; visited by an English frigate Dec. 30, 1807. 

(To be continued.') 



THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST 

INDIES. 



By Francis B. C. Bradlee. 



(Continued from Volume LVIII, page 312.} 



"Lieutenant Curtis speaks in the highest terms of the 
gallantry and good conduct of Midshipmen Pinkney, 
Kingston and Morris, as also of Dr. Terrill, and every 
other officer and man employed in the expedition. Noth- 
ing could exceed their ardor in pursuit but their enthusi- 
asm in attack ; and both affording abundant proof that 
more would have been done had more been required. 

"I have manned one of the schooners taken, a very fine, 
fast-sailing vessel, and kept her with me. She will prove 
of great service in my further operations on this coast. 

"I cannot close this letter, sir, without naming to you 
Lieutenant Curtis, whose conduct, not only in the present 
instance, but in every other respect during the period he 
has been under my command, has merited my warm and 
decided approbation. 

"I have the honor to be, etc., 

"James Ramage, 

"Lieutenant Commanding. 
"Hon. Smith Thompson, Secretary of the Navy." 

Among the multitude of West Indian pirates at that 
time the best known was John Lafitte, and a short account 
of this remarkable person may prove interesting. 

His career is, naturally, shrouded in a good deal of ob- 
scurity and uncertainty, but after much searching and 
trouble on the author's part, it was discovered that Lafitte 
was born in France in 1780 ; some authorities giving St. 
Malo as the place of his birth, others maintaining that he 
first saw the light of day at Bordeaux. Those best in- 
formed say that this singular personage began his sea- 
faring career as mate of a French East Indiaman, but 
quarreling with his captain, he left his ship at Mauritius 
and entered upon a course of daring and successful piracy 
in the Indian Ocean, varied by occasional ventures in the 

(33) 



84 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

slave trade. After several years spent in these pursuits, 
Lafitte returned to France, disposed of his prizes, sailed 
for the West Indies, and took out a commission as a 
privateer from the newly organized government of Car- 
thagena, continuing his depredations, not only upon Span- 
ish, but also upon British commerce. 

Another account represents him as having begun his 
career as lieutenant of a French privateer, which was 
captured by a British man-of-war and taken into an 
English port, where the officers and crew of the privateer 
were thrown into prison. Here the future marine high- 
wayman was confined for several years under circum- 
stances of peculiar hardship, after all his comrades had 
obtained their release. The resentment towards Great 
Britain engendered by this real or supposed severity is 
stated to have been the motive that inspired his subse- 
quent career. Unable to gratify this resentment in the 
service of his native country, on account of the suspension 
of hostilities at the time of his release, he found means 
of doing so under cover of a privateer's commission 
(against Spain) obtained from the Carthaginian govern- 
ment. Lafitte is said to have gone to New Orleans in 
1807 ; and it is perfectly well known that about 1810-12 
he was at the head of an organized and formidable band 
of desperadoes, whose headquarters were on the island of 
Grand Terre, in Barataria bay, some thirty or forty miles 
west of the mouth of the Mississippi. 

Acting ostensibly under the flag of the republic of 
Carthagena (or New Grenada), it was, however, perfectly 
well known and admitted that these adventurers preyed 
practically on the vessels of any nation. The bay of 
Barataria afforded a secure retreat for their fleet of small 
craft; and their goods were smuggled into New Orleans 
by being conveyed in boats through an intricate labyrinth 
of lakes, bayous and swamps, to a point near the Missis- 
sippi river a little above the city. After various ineffec- 
tual presentments and prosecutions before the civil tribu- 
nals, an expedition was despatched against the Baratarians 
in 1814, under the command of Commodore Patterson. 
The settlement on Grande Terre was captured, with all 
the vessels that happened to be in port at the time ; but 



1449227 

BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE ao 

Lafitte and his comrades made their escape among the 
swamps and bayous of the interior, from which they re- 
turned to the same rendezvous and resumed operations as 
soon as Commodore Patterson's forces had retired. 

About the same time the British, then maturing their 
plans for a descent upon the southern coast of the United 
States, made overtures to Lafitte for the purpose of secur- 
ing his co-operation in that enterprise. A brig-of-war 
was despatched to Barataria, her commander bearing a 
letter from Commodore Percy, commanding the British 
naval forces in the gulf of Mexico, and one from Colonel 
Nichols, then in command of the land forces on the coast 
of Florida, offering Lafitte $30,000 and a commission in 
the British navy, on condition of obtaining his services 
in conducting the contemplated expedition to New Orleans 
and distributing a certain proclamation to the inhabitants 
of Louisiana. Lafitte dissembled with the British officer, 
Capt. Lockyer, of the "Sophia", who was the bearer of 
these tempting proposals, and asked for time to consider 
them. 

Meantime he immediately wrote to Gov. Claiborne of 
Louisiana, enclosing the documents that had been handed 
him by Capt. Lockyer, informing the governor of the 
impending invasion, pointing out the importance of the 
position he occupied, and offering his services in defence 
of Louisiana, on the sole condition of pardon for himself 
and followers for the offences with which they stood 
charged. This amnesty would, of course, include in its 
provisions a brother of Jean Lafitte, who was then in 
prison in New Orleans under an indictment for piracy. 
After some hesitation on the part of the United States 
authorities, Lafitte's offer was accepted. 

In connection with an officer of the U. S. corps of en- 
gineers, he was employed in fortifying the passes of 
Barataria bay, and rendered efficient service, in command 
of a party of his followers, in the battle of New Orleans, 
Jan. 8th, 1815. The subsequent career of Lafitte is in- 
volved in as much obscurity as his earlier life. A procla- 
mation of President Madison confirmed the amnesty 
which had been granted by Governor Claiborne to all the 
Baratarians who had enlisted in the American service, 



38 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

though it does not appear that their chief ever received 
any further reward from the government. After the war 
Lafitte soon returned to his old pursuits, taking a pri- 
vateer's commission, either, as formerly, from the govern- 
ment of New Grenada, or else from that of Mexico ; and 
that, while thus engaged, he formed a settlement on the 
site of the present city of Galveston, which was broken 
up in 1821 by a naval force under the orders of Lieutenant, 
afterwards Commodore, Kearney. 

It is quite possible, however, that his brother Pierre, 
who commanded one of his vessels, has been confounded 
with him. His death is attributed by different authorities 
to foundering at sea, to being burned with his vessel after 
capture by a Spanish man-of-war, and to wounds received 
in a desperate conflict with a British cruiser. There are 
yet other versions ; while one account states that he re- 
turned to France and died among his relatives on the 
Garonne. In person Lafitte is represented as having been 
well-formed and handsome, about six feet two inches in 
height, with large hazel eyes and black hair. His appear- 
ance was totally unlike the popular idea of a pirate, his 
manners were polished and easy, though retiring ; his 
address was winning and affable ; his management of 
piracy entirely business-like, just as his influence over his 
followers was almost absolute. 

There is every reason for believing that Lafitte came 
of a respectable family, and that his early opportunities 
for education had been good. 

One Raphaelina was another freebooter whose name 
was dreaded by merchant sailors navigating the South 
Atlantic. He also controlled a fleet of vessels, and in 
July, 1822, got together in the vicinity of Cape Antonio 
a formidable host of pirates, at which time it was said he 
had collected $180,000 in money alone. 

Other notorious pirates were : Diabolito, Cofrecina, 
Brown, Gibbs, and Irvine ; the names of the last three 
would indicate that they were renegades of Anglo-Saxon 
lineage. We, today, looking back on these events of a 
century ago, do not begin to realize the magnitude of 
these piratical depredations. A fair estimate, in the light 
of the very small amount of reliable information that is 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 37 

available, would make the number of those engaged in 
this piracy at least 10,000, of whom over 3,000 were 
encountered by the vessels of the United States Navy, 
which alone captured about 1300 pirates. 

The number of freebooters killed and those who escaped 
on shore after destroying their vessels cannot, naturally, 
be ascertained. Most of these marine highwaymen oper- 
ated near the vicinity of their rendezvous on shore. They 
rarely made any extended cruises, but chose points of 
strategic importance on the routes of commerce. In and 
among the Keys of Bahama and Florida, Cape Antonio, 
Matanzas, and Mugeres Island, near the northeast point 
of Yucatan, Mexico, were some of the most prominent 
piratical lairs. 

From a letter of one of the officers of the U. S. brig 
"Spark", published in the New England Palladium of 
Nov. 3, 1821, we learn the following : 

"We arrived here, after a rather rough passage, in 
eighteen days from Boston, all well. We expect to sail 
again in two or three days. We found here the piratical 
ship which robbed the 'Orleans Packet'. She is now in 
possession of the Swedish government. She came into 
their possession in the following manner: The crew 
landed her cargo on a small island near this, from whence 
it was taken by a schooner to St. Thomas ; they then run 
the ship into Five Island Harbor, where all the crew, ex- 
cept two men, deserted her. The government hearing of 
her being there, sent a guard and took possession of her, 
brought her into this harbor, and confined the two men 
found in her as pirates. 

"It is said Capt. Elton has requested the Governor to 
allow him to take them to the United States for trial. 
This piratical ship was originally the U. S. brig 'Prome- 
theus', which was condemned two years since, and was 
then sold." 

Another letter, dated Oct. 31, 1821, from on board the 
U. S. sloop-of-war "Hornet", published in a later issue of 
the "Palladium", informs us of captures made by the 
latter : 

"The pirate which we took yesterday mounted two long 
four-pounders, and her crew consisted of twenty gallows- 



38 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

looking scoundrels. After this capture the 'Hornet' spoke 
three merchant brigs, which would probably have fallen 
into the hands of the pirates, and were very happy at 
their escape. Captain Sisson, from Havana, reports that 
seventy of the pirates belonging to the vessels captured 
and destroyed by the 'Enterprise' (U. S. brig), have 
erected two forts on Cape Antonio for their defence". 

Judging from the length of time that piracy prevailed 
at this period in the West Indies, it is not an exaggeration 
to estimate the prizes captured by the freebooters at 500 
vessels. The value of the property destroyed by them 
amounted to about twenty millions of dollars; the records 
of the Marblehead Marine Insurance Company, a most 
accurate barometer of water-borne commerce, revealed the 
fact that insurance rates on ships and their cargoes rose 
nearly one hundred per cent in the short space of a year. 
Two thousand pirates are estimated to have been engaged 
during the period 1820-30 ; there were probably not many 
over 2000 at any one time, and but few who were pirates 
during the entire decade. Probably the average would 
be 2500 a year; and if each of the 10,000 pirates obtained 
the equivalent of $2000, including the cost of his living, 
armament and reckless extravagance, besides the small 
percentage realized on the actual value of the goods stolen, 
and the value of his proportion of property destroyed, 
the total loss suffered by commerce would amount to 
twenty millions of dollars. The comparative value of the 
property destroyed by pirates will be seen from the fact 
that the annual cost of running the United States govern- 
ment in 1821 was 119,785,000, including interest and 
redemption of part of the public debt. 

Of the many vessels engaged in piracy in West Indian 
waters, the most formidable were the privateers originally 
fitted out by the various South American republics to prey 
on Spanish commerce, and which had later become marine 
highwaymen. Among these were the "Poloma", 6 guns, 
130 men ; the "Panchita", 16 guns, 120 men (she was 
subsequently captured by the U. S. schooner "Grampus", 
12 guns) ; the "Pereira", 8 guns, 80 men ; "Burguera", 
4 guns, 60 men ; "Flor de la Mar", 1 gun, 40 men ; and 
"La Carmen", 4 guns, 50 men. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 39 

The brigantine "Pride", 16 guns, 116 men, under the 
immediate command of Lafitte himself, was the largest 
vessel fitted out specially for a pirate. It is said that the 
"Pride", in command of Lafitte's lieutenant, had a des- 
perate fight with an English sloop-of-war, in which both 
commanders were killed, and only sixteen men left alive 
on the pirate, which was finally carried by boarding and 
taken to Jamaica, where the sixteen survivors were tried 
and convicted ; ten of them were executed and six par- 
doned. 

The great majority of piracies were accomplished by 
small craft with large forces of men concealed from view 
of their intended prey. These boats would go alongside 
of merchant vessels and capture them by surprise. In 
many cases all the crew would be taken out of the ship 
and compelled to join the pirates or be murdered. 

Then the vessel herself would be carried to a Cuban 
port and sold, or otherwise disposed of for the benefit of 
the pirates and their agents. Other piratical craft whose 
names have been ascertained, besides those previously 
mentioned, were the "Cienega", "Bandera de Sangre" 
(which translated means "The Bloody Band"), "Moscow", 
"Catalina", "Palmyra", "Albert", "Pilot", "Tropic", 
"Mechanic", "La Cata", "Zaragozana", "Larch", "Aris- 
tidies", "Lucies", and "Emmanuel". 

The pirates captured by the different navies were : 
United States navy, 79 vessels, 62 guns, and 1300 men ; 
British navy, 13 vessels, 20 guns, and 291 men ; Spanish 
navy, 5 vessels and 150 men. 

In the "American Monthly Magazine" for February, 
1824, is an interesting and most vivid account of an 
American gentleman's experiences with pirates in June, 
1822, while making a voyage for his health from Phila- 
delphia to New Orleans. It is quite worth quoting in 
full, showing as it does the many perils to which ocean 
travellers were exposed a century ago. 

"In the early part of June I sailed from Philadelphia in 
the schooner 'Mary', on a voyage to New Orleans. My 
principal object in going round by sea was the restoration 
of my health, which had been for many months declining. 
Having some friends in New Orleans, whose commercial 



40 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

enterprises were conducted on an extensive scale, I was 
charged with the care of several sums of money in gold 
and silver, amounting altogether to nearly $18,000. This 
I communicated to the captain, and we concluded to se- 
cure it in the best manner our circumstances would admit. 
A plank was accordingly taken off the ribs of the schooner 
in my own cabin, and the money being deposited in the 
vacancy, the plank was nailed down in its original place, 
and the seams filled and tarred over. Being thus relieved 
from any apprehension that the money would be found 
upon us in case of an attack from pirates, my mind was 
somewhat easier. What other articles of value 1 could 
conveniently carry about with me, I did so. 

"J had also brought a quantity of banknotes to the amount 
of $15,000. Part of these I caused to be carefully sewed 
in the left lappel of my coat, supposing that in case of 
my being lost at sea, my coat, should my body be found, 
would still contain the most valuable of my effects. The 
balance was carefully quilted into my black silk cravat. 
Our crew consisted of the captain and four men, with a 
supply of live stock for the voyage, and a Newfoundland 
dog, valuable for his fidelity and sagacity. He had once 
saved his master from a watery grave, when he had been 
stunned and knocked overboard by a sudden shifting of 
the boom. I was the only passenger on board. Our 
voyage at first was prosperous, and time went rapidly. I 
felt my strength increase the longer I was at sea, and 
when we arrived off the southern coast of Florida my 
feelings were like those of another man. 

"It was towards the evening of the fourteenth day, two 
hours before sunset, that we espied a sail astern of us. 
As twilight came it neared us with astonishing rapidity. 
Night closed, and all around was impenetrable darkness. 
Now and then a gentle wave would break against our 
bow and sparkle for a moment, and at a distance behind 
us we could see the uneven glow of light, occasioned by 
the foaming of the strange vessel. The breeze that filled 
our canvas was gentle, though it was fresh. 

"We coursed our way steadily through the night, 
though once or twice the roaring of the waves increased 
so suddenly as to make us believe we had passed a breaker. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 41 

"At the time it was unaccountable to me, but I now 
believe it to be occasioned by the schooner behind us, 
coming rather near in the darkness of the night. At 
midnight I went on deck. Nothing but an occasional 
sparkle was to be seen, and the ocean was undisturbed. 
Still it was a fearful and appalling darkness, and in spite 
of my endeavors I could not compose myself. At the 
windlass, on the forecastle, three of the sailors, like my- 
self, unable to sleep, had collected for conversation. On 
joining them, I found our fears were mutual. They all 
kept their eyes steadily fixed upon the unknown vessel, as 
if anticipating some dreadful event. They informed me 
that they had put their arms in order and were deter- 
mined to stand or die. 

"At this moment a flash of light, perhaps a musket 
burning priming, proceeded from the vessel in pursuit, 
and we saw distinctly that her deck was covered with 
men. My heart almost failed me. I had never been in 
battle, and knew not what it was. Day at length dawned, 
and setting all her canvas, our pursuer gained alarmingly 
upon us. It was evident that she had followed us the 
whole night, being unwilling to attack us in the dark. In 
a few minutes she fired a gun and came alongside. She 
was a pirate. Her boat was lowered, and about a dozen 
hideous-looking objects jumped in, with a commander at 
their head. The boat pushed off and was fast nearing 
us, as we arranged ourselves for giving her a broadside. 
Our whole stock of arms consisted of six muskets and an 
old swivel — a small revolving ship's cannon in use in the 
eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries — used as a sig- 
nal gun, belonging to the 'Mary', and a pair of pistols of 
my own, which I carried in my belt. The pirate boat's 
crew were armed with muskets, pistols, swords, cutlasses, 
and knives ; and when she came within her own length 
of us we fired five of our muskets and the swivel into 
her. 

"Her fire was scarcely half given when she filled and 
went down, with all her crew. At this success we were 
inclined to rejoice, but looking over the pirate schooner 
we observed her deck still swarming with the same de- 
scription of horrid-looking wretches. A second boat's 



42 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

crew pushed off, with their muskets pointed directly at 
us the whole time. When they came within the same 
distance as the other, we fired, but with little, if any 
effect. The pirate immediately returned the fire, and with 
horrid cries jumped aboard us. Two of our brave crew 
were tying dead upon the deck, and the rest of us expect- 
ed nothing better. French, Spanish and English were 
spoken indiscriminately and all at once. The most horrid 
imprecations were uttered against us, and threats that 
fancy cannot imagine. 

"A wretch whose black, shaggy whiskers covered nearly 
his whole face, whose eyes were only seen at intervals 
from beneath his bushy eyebrows, and whose whole ap- 
pearance was more that of a hell-hound than of a human 
being, approached me with a drawn cutlass in his hand. 
I drew one of my pistols and snapped it in his face, but 
it flashed in the pan, and before 1 could draw the other, 
the pirate, with a brutality that would have disgraced a 
cannibal, struck me over the face with his cutlass and 
knocked me down. I was too much wounded to resist, 
and the blood ran in torrents from my forehead. In this 
situation the wretch seized me by the scalp, and thrusting 
his cutlass in my cravat cut it through completely. I felt 
the cold iron glide along my throat, and even now the 
very thought makes me shudder. 

"The worst idea I had ever formed of human cruelty 
seemed now realized, and I could see death staring me in 
the face. Without stopping to examine the cravat, he 
put it in his pocket, and in a voice of thunder exclaimed, 
'levez vous' ; I accordingly rose to my feet, and he pin- 
ioned my hands behind my back, led me to the vessel's 
bulwark, and asked another of the gang, in French, 
whether he should throw me overboard. At the recollec- 
tion of that scene I am still staggered. I endeavored to 
call the prospects of eternity before me, but could think 
of nothing except the cold and quiveiiess apathy of the 
tomb. His infamous companion replied, 'II est trop bien 
habille, pour l'envoyer an diable', and led me to the fore- 
mast, where he tied me with my face to the stern of the 
vessel. The cords were drawn so tight around my arms 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 43 

and legs that my agony was excruciating. In this situa- 
tion he left me. 

"On looking round, I found them all employed in 
plundering and ransacking everything we had. Over my 
left shoulder one of our sailors was strung up to the yard- 
arm, and apparently in the last agonies of death ; while 
before me our gallant captain was on his knees and beg- 
ffinor for his life. The wretches were endeavoring to ex- 
tort from him the secret of our money ; but for a while 
he was firm and dauntless. Provoked at his obstinacy, 
they extended his arms and cut them off at the elbows. 
At this human nature gave way, and the injured man 
confessed the spot where we had concealed our specie. 
In a few moments it was aboard their own vessel. To 
revenge themselves on our unhappy captain, when 
they had satisfied themselves that nothing else was hid- 
den, they spread a bed of oakum on the deck, and after 
soaking it through with turpentine, tied the captain on it, 
filled his mouth with the same combustibles, and set the 
whole on fire. The cries of the unfortunate man were 
heart-rending, and his agonies must have been unutterable, 
but they were soon over. All this I was compelled to 
witness. Heart sick with the sight, I once shut my eyes, 
but a musket discharged close to my ear was a warning 
sufficient to keep them open. 

"On casting my eyes towards the schooner's stern, I 
discovered that our boatswain had been nailed to the deck 
through his feet, and the body spiked through to the til- 
ler. He was writhing in the last agonies of crucifixion. 
Our fifth comrade was out of sight during all this tragedy; 
in a few minutes, however, he was brought upon the deck 
blindfolded. He was then conducted to the muzzle of the 
swivel and commanded to kneel. The swivel was then 
fired off, and his head was dreadfully wounded by the 
discharge. In a moment after it was agonizing to behold 
his torments and convulsions — language is too feeble to 
describe them ; I have seen men hung upon the gibbet, 
but their death is like sinking in slumber when compared 
with his. 

"Excited with the scene of human butchery, one of 
those wretches fired his pistol at the captain's dog ; the 



44 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

ball struck his shoulder and disabled him ; he finished 
him by shooting him again, and at last by cutting out his 
tongue ! At this last hell-engendered act my blood boiled 
with indignation at such savage brutality on a helpless, 
inoffensive dog ! But I was unable to give utterance or 
action to my feelings. 

"Seeing that the crew had been every one despatched, 
I began to think more of myself. My old enemy, who 
seemed to forget me, once more approached me, but 
shockingly besmeared with blood and brains. He had 
stood by the side of the unfortunate sailor who suffered 
before the swivel, and supported him with the point of his 
bayonet. He drew a stiletto from his side, placed its 
point upon my heart, and gave it a heavy thrust. I felt 
its point touch my skin ; but the quilting of my bank 
bills prevented its further entrance. This savage monster 
then ran it up my breast, as if intending to divide my 
lungs, and in doing so the bank notes fell upon the deck. 
He snatched them up greedily and exclaimed, 'Ah ! laissez 
mois voir ce qui reste !' My clothes in a few moments 
were ripped to pieces, at the peril of my life. He fre- 
quently came so near as to tear my skin and deluge me 
with blood ; but by the mercy of Providence, I escaped 
from every danger. At this moment a heavy flaw struck 
the schooner, and I heard one of the pirates say, 'Voila 
un vaisseau !' They all retreated precipitately, and gain- 
ing their own vessel, were soon out of sight. 

"Helpless as I now was, I had the satisfaction of know- 
ing that the pirates had been frightened by the appearance 
of a strange sail, but it was impossible for me to see it. 
Still tied to the foremast, I knew not what was my pros- 
pect of release. An hour or two had elapsed after they 
left me, and it was now noon. The sun played violently 
upon my head, and I felt a languor and debility that in- 
dicated approaching fever. My head gradually sank upon 
my breast, when I was shocked by hearing the water 
pouring into the cabin windows. The wretches had 
scuttled the schooner, and left me pinioned to go down 
with her. I commended my spirit to my Maker, and gave 
myself up for lost. I felt myself gradually dying away, 
and the last thing I remembered was the foaming noise of 




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CO -c 

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3 « 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 45 

the waves. This was occasioned by a ship passing by 
me. I was taken in, restored to health, and am now a 
poor, ruined, helpless man." 

On the same day, January 15, 1822, that the U. S. 
schooner "Porpoise" destroyed a nest of pirates on the 
north coast of Cuba, as previously related, the U. S. 
brig "Spark", master-commandant — an obsolete naval 
title — J. H. Elton, captured a Dutch sloop, having a crew 
of seven men engaged in piracy. Later, on the 1st of 
March, 1822, the U. S. sloop-of-war "Hornet" arrived at 
Norfolk, Va., escorting a convoy of 22 merchant vessels 
from Pensacola and Havana. 

On March 7th, one of the gunboats, the "Revenge", 
captured a barge, but her crew escaped on shore. Next 
day the brig "Enterprise", Lieutenant Kearney, captured 
a small flotilla of the freebooters, three launches and 
four barges, off Cape Antonio, with their crews, num- 
bering about 160 men. 

In April, 1822, the schooner "Alligator", Lieutenant 
W. W. McKean, after a long chase and quite a spirited 
encounter, took the schooner "Cienega", five guns, thirty 
men, off Nuevitas, Cuba ; this craft had formerly been a 
Colombian privateer, whose crew had mutinied at Ragged 
Island and turned pirates. 

The United States squadron in the West Indies was 
increased after April, 1822, and for the rest of the year 
consisted of the frigates "Macedonian", 36, flagship of 
Commodore Biddle ; frigate "Congress", 36 , sloops 
"John Adams", 24, and "Peacock", 18; brig "Spark", 
12; and schooners "Alligator", 12; "Grampus", 12; 
"Shark", 12; and "Porpoise", 12. The "Hornet" and 
"Enterprise" were at home, refitting. 

It was soon found that the small vessels were better 
fitted for the work of running down and capturing pirates 
than were the heavy frigates and sloops, whose great draft 
of water did not permit them to pursue suspicious-looking 
craft in shoal water. Moreover, the flagship "Macedo- 
nian" was soon obliged to leave her station on account of 
the yellow fever, and arrived at Norfolk on August 5, 
1822, having lost 76 of her crew, including ten officers, 
and fifty of the remainder were ill on her arrival. By 



46 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

the 24th of August the number of deaths had amounted 
to 103, out of her crew of 360 men. 

On August 16th, 1822, Lieutenant Francis H. Gregory, 
commanding the schooner "Grampus", chased a brigantine 
which hoisted Spanish colors. He suspected her of being 
a pirate, and demanded her surrender. This demand 
was answered by a volley from small arms and cannon. 
The "Grampus" fired a broadside, and in a few minutes 
the brigantine struck. When boarded she was nearly 
sinking, and had lost one man killed and six wounded. 
The prize proved to be the "Palmyra", 9 guns, 88 men, 
a privateer, but one of her officers confessed that they 
had robbed the American schooner "Coquette". The 
prize was sent to Charleston, S. C, and condemned. 

In November, 1822, the U. S. schooner "Alligator", 
Lieutenant W. H. Allen, arriving at Matanzas, was in- 
formed that an American brig and schooner had been cap- 
tured and were in possession of a large gang of pirates 
at a place about 45 miles east of Matanzas. The master 
of the brig and mate of the schooner had been sent to the 
latter place to procure a ransom of $7000 for the two 
vessels, with the threat that their vessels would be de- 
stroyed and their crews severely dealt with in case of 
failure to bring the money. 

The master and mate were taken on board the "Alli- 
gator", which sailed immediately to the rescue. At day- 
light on November 9th she arrived near the bay, and hid 
behind intervening land, behind which they discovered a 
ship, two brigs and five schooners. One of the schooners, 
her deck black with men, was under way, and was imme- 
diately chased by the armed boats of the "Alligator". 
The wind was light, and the schooner using her long 
sweeps (oars), endeavored to escape up the bay. When 
the "Alligator's" boats arrived within hail, the schooner, 
with her bloody flag nailed to the mast, opened fire with 
a long brass eighteen-pound pivot gun and four smaller 
ones. Lieutenant Allen, Captain Freeman of the marines, 
and twelve men, were in the launch, far in advance of 
the other boats ; pulling hard at the oars, they reached 
the pirate and took possession of her, after a desperate 
resistance which nothing but the most daring bravery 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 47 

could have overcome. The freebooters, all but one, es- 
caped by takiug to their boats and jumping overboard 
before the "Alligator's" boats reached them. But in 
the meantime the gallant Allen fell, pierced by two 
musket balls. 

The surgeon of the "Alligator", in a letter to a friend 
published in many newspapers of the day, said : "Capt. 
Allen continued giving orders [after he was shot], and 
conversing with Mr. Dale and the rest of us, until a few 
minutes before his death, with a degree of cheerfulness 
that was little to be expected from a man in his condition. 
He said he wished his relatives and his country to know 
that he had fought well, and added that he died in peace 
and good will towards all the world, and hoped for his 
reward in the next." 

Lieutenant Allen was wounded while standing up 
cheering his men in pursuit of the pirates. He was a 
valuable officer, and had rendered distinguished service 
in the U. S. brig "Argus" when she was captured by 
H. B. M. "Pelican" off the British coast in 1813. He 
commanded the "Argus" in the latter part of the action, 
after both his superior officers had been carried below 
severely wounded. He was highly commended for his 
skill in handling the brig, although obliged to surrender 
to superior force. After his death his name became the 
war cry in the many boat expeditions against the pirates. 
After the wounding of Allen, the second pirate schooner 
escaped, but another heavily-armed schooner, the ship and 
two more "fore and afters" were captured. Besides 
Lieutenant Allen, the "Alligator" lost four men killed 
and three wounded. The pirates lost fourteen killed and 
several by drowning ; their best armed schooner carried 
a long 12-pounder, two 6-pounders, two 3-pounders, and 
two swivel guns. In all the three piratical schooners had 
125 men and 14 guns. The "Alligator's boats' crews 
numbered about forty, armed with muskets, swords and 
pistols. 

On November 19th, 1822, the "Alligator" was, unfor- 
tunately, lost on Carysford reef, a dangerous spot off the 
Florida coast, where many a fine ship before and since 
has come to grief. Her officers and crew were all saved. 



48 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

The records of the old Marblehead Marine Insurance 
Company contain, in demands for the payment of insur- 
ance, the story, told in plain, matter-of-fact language, of 
the plundering by pirates, off the coast of Cuba, of the 
brig "Dover", from Matanzas to Charleston, S. C, and 
the schooner "Swan", bound from Mobile to Havana. 
Captain Sabins of the former reported that on January 
16, 1822 : "Pan of Matanzas, bearing S., saw a boat com- 
ing to us from a small drogher, which came out of Ma- 
tanzas the night before us, with five Spaniards armed 
with long knives, pistols, cutlasses, etc. When they got 
within hail, they fired a musket at us, cheered and came 
on board. They were the most villainous-looking rascals 
that any one had probably ever beheld. They immedi- 
ately drew their weapons, and after beating us severely 
with their cutlasses, drove us below. They then robbed 
us of all our clothes except what we had on, our watches, 
and everything of value. We were afterwards called up 
singly. Four men with drawn knives stood over the 
captain and threatened him if he did not give up his 
money they would kill all hands and burn the vessel. 
After robbing the people, they commenced plundering the 
brig. They broke open the hatches, made us get out our 
boat and carry their plunder to their vessel. 

"They took from us a compass, five bags of coffee, a 
barrel of sugar, nearly all our provisions, our colors, 
rigging, and cooking utensils. They then ordered us to 
stand to the north, or they would overhaul us, murder 
the crew, and burn the vessel. We made sail, and shortly 
after were brought to by another boat of the same charac- 
ter, which fired into us,but left us upon being informed that 
we had been already robbed." 

The experiences of the schooner "Swan", Captain Car- 
ter, were as follows : 

"Mobile, June 1st, 1822. Schr. "Swan", Carter, ar- 
rived yesterday from Havana, and reports that on the 
outward passage from this port, on the 27th ult., at 8 
o'clock A. M., being then within thirty miles of Havana, 
he was boarded by an open boat from the shore, manned 
with nine men, who all appeared to be Spaniards, armed 




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CO -t-- o 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 49 

with muskets, pistols, cutlasses and knives, who plundered 
the vessel of everything they could carry off. 

"They also robbed the captain and crew of their cloth- 
ing, even stripping the jackets from their backs and the 
shoes from their feet. The villains would not even spare 
the property of a Spanish priest, a passenger, but they 
robbed him also of his clothes, money and plate, to the 
value of 300 dollars ; the}', however, afterwards returned 
his gown. A sail heaving in sight, they left the "Swan", 
with orders to steer E. N. E. and not go over three leagues 
from shore, under pain of death. From their conversation 
while on board, it appeared that they intended to board 
the schooner again in the evening, ran her ashore and 
burn her, but she escaped by the darkness of the night." 

The depredations of the pirates, nevertheless, continued 
to increase, and demands for ransom were frequently ac- 
companied by threats that their hostages would be mur- 
dered if the ransom was not paid. Even at this early 
day the press had begun to urge that the United States 
should intervene in Cuba, as will be seen from the fol- 
lowing article, which appeared in the "Baltimore Chroni- 
cle" : 

"If the Spanish Government is unable to drive the 
pirates from their strongholds in Cuba, the Chronicle 
suggests the necessity of occupying the island with 
American forces for that purpose, as robbers and pirates 
have no right to protection whatever ; and in this case all 
civilized powers are warranted in carrying the war into 
the enemy's territory." 

Acts of Congress were passed in 1822 giving an appro- 
priation of $500,000 to fit out an expedition which was 
to wipe out the West Indian pirates. Commodore David 
Porter resigned his office as Navy Commissioner to take 
command of the expedition. 

He selected and prepared the vessels personally, and 
organized what was known as the "Mosquito Fleet" ; 
owing to shallow water in many of the Cuban harbors 
and bays, it was necessary that some of the craft should 
be of small size and slight draft. This comprised what 
was known as the "steam galliot" "Sea Gull", 3 guns — 
the second steamer in the U. S. Navy, the "Fulton", in 



50 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

1815, being the first — and eight small schooners, which 
Commodore Porter bought for the Navy Department for 
the sum of $10,190. These schooners were named: 
"Fox", 51 tons; "Greyhound", 65 tons; "Jackal" 17 
tons; "Beagle", 52 tons; "Terrier", 61 tons ; "Weasel", 
53 tons ; "Wild Cat", 48 tons ; and "Ferret" 51 tons. 
Each of these carried three guns and a crew of 31 men. 
In the fleet were, also, the transport ship "Decoy" 6 
guns ; five barges — "Mosquito", "Gnat", "Midge", 
"Sandfly" and "Gallinipper", — together with the regular 
naval vessels on the station which had been changed, and 
consisted of the sloops-of-war "John Adams", 24 ; the 
"Peacock", 18; the "Hornet", 18; the brig "Spark," 14; 
and the schooners "Grampus", 12, and "Shark", 12. 

As the steamer "Sea-Gull" was, without doubt, the first 
steam-propelled man-of-war engaged in actual warfare, a 
short description of her is not out of place. She was 
built in Hartford, Conn., in 1818, for the merchant ser- 
vice, to run between that city and New Haven, and was 
then called the "Enterprise" ; she was a small craft, 
measuring but slightly over 100 tons ; her mode of pro- 
pulsion was paddle-wheels, the engine being undoubtedly 
of the "square" or "cross-head" type invented by Robert 
Fulton. Like all the early steamboats, she probably had 
a copper boiler carrying not over two or three pounds of 
steam, and, of course, burning wood as fuel. The gov- 
ernment paid $16,000 for the little steamer, renaming her 
the "Sea-Gull", and fitting her, as before stated, with 
three guns. As with all new inventions, the officers and 
men of the Navy regarded a vessel propelled by steam 
with anything but confidence, as is shown by the fact that 
as originally built the "Sea-Gull" had little, if any, sail 
power, but it is understood that the naval officers assigned 
refused to go to sea in her unless she was fitted with 
masts and lateen yards. 

It is interesting to recall the names of her original 
officers : Lieutenant Commanding, John C. Newton, — 
many years later, in 1843, Lieutenant Newton, then a 
captain, commanded the U. S. steam frigate "Missouri", 
when she was burned while lying at anchor at Gibraltar ; 



BY FRANdS B. C. BRADLEE 51 

acting sailing master, Arthur Bainbridge ; the midshipmen 
were Messrs. Howard, Stockton and Taylor. 

There is no record of the men who had charge of the 
machinery of this little craft, and we can only surmise 
that they were probably the same who had run her before 
she was a government vessel, and that their connection 
with the naval service was merely temporary. The grade 
of engineer in the United States Navy did not exist until 
1836, the first person to hold it being Charles H. Haswell 
of New York, afterwards distinguished as a marine en- 
gine designer and naval architect. 

The "Baltimore Chronicle" for January 17th, 1823, 
mentions the sailing of the "Sea-Gull" for the first time 
as a man-of-war as follows : "Yesterday Commodore 
Porter left this port in the steam galley 'Sea-Gull', bear- 
ing his broad pennant, to join the squadron fitting out at 
Norfolk for the purpose of suppressing piracy on the coast 
of Cuba. Every friend of humanity must wish that the 
efforts of the distinguished officer who has been selected 
to this command will be crowned with success. The 
means adopted are certainly the best calculated to effect 
the object. Frigates and sloops-of-war are totally inade- 
quate, by means of their great draft of water ; but the 
vessels which have been selected by Commodore Porter 
are precisely calculated to ferret the banditti from their 
lurking places. 

"The aid of steam we think a most valuable addition 
to the squadron, and from the manner in which the 
'Enterprise', now the 'Sea Gull', has been fitted out, we 
have every reason to believe she will completely answer 
the expectations formed. Commodore Porter has been 
indefatigable since he came here, and several of our citi- 
zens conversant in steam affairs volunteered their services 
to aid him in the necessary equipments for that depart- 
ment. We learn that she is provided with duplicates of 
every piece of machinery which might be carried away in 
action, and that her engineers are able and experienced 
men. 

"In a very short time we hope to hear of the Commo- 
dore's arrival at his cruising ground, and we doubt not 



52 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

that he will soon put an end to the ravages of those law- 
less barbarians." 

The naval career of the "Sea Gull" was but a short 
one ; in 1825 she was laid up at the Philadelphia Navy 
Yard, eventually becoming the receiving ship there until 
she was sold in 1840 for 84,750. 

Commodore Porter sailed with his entire squadron from 
Norfolk on February 14th, 1823. Great publicity was 
given to the expedition, and this fact in itself had a good 
effect, because many of the pirates ceased their bloody 
work, while those that remained were afraid to venture 
far from their lairs. As soon as the fleet arrived off Porto 
Rico, Commodore Porter wrote to the Spanish governor 
on the subject of interruptions to our commerce and the 
illegal blockade of these coasts. On March 3d, 1823, he 
sent the "Greyhound", Lieutenant John Porter, into St. 
John's, Porto Rico, with that letter. On March 5th he 
sent the "Fox", Lieutenant W. H. Cocke, into the port 
for an answer. When the "Fox" endeavored to enter, 
she was fired upon by the castle, and her commander was 
instantly killed. 

The only satisfaction offered for this insult and catas- 
trophe was the plea that the character of the schooner 
was mistaken. The Governor was profuse in his apolo- 
gies, and joined in paying every possible honor in the 
funeral services of Lieutenant Cocke, with the officers of 
the squadron. However, the Commodore demonstrated 
that the "Fox" had been fired at in a spirit of retaliation, 
but very wisely left Porto Rico, referring the matter to 
the government for action. 

The squadron was then divided into small detachments 
and sent to thoroughly search the coasts of Porto Rico, 
San Domingo and Cuba. Every bay and inlet and key 
in all this region was visited, after which the squadron 
reassembled at Thompson's Island, now Key West, where 
Porter established a naval depot for a base of operations. 
On the morning of April 8th, 1823, Lieutenant C. K. 
Stribling — afterwards Admiral Stribling — was sent in the 
barge "Gallinipper" from Havana in search of a pirate, 
which he found three miles off, making in towards the 
shore. He caused muskets to be fired to bring her to, 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 53 

and she replied by a smart fire of round shot, grape and 
musketry, while working hard to escape. She was run 
ashore, and her crew, with the exception of one man, 
escaped, though it was afterwards ascertained that several 
of them had heen wounded. 

The vessel proved to be the schooner "Pilot", of Nor- 
folk, Va., a very fast sailer, which they had captured but 
eight days before. She was armed with one long Im- 
pounder, blunderbusses, and other small arms. The noto- 
rious buccaneer Domingo commanded her ; a few days 
before he had courteously forwarded mail for Commodore 
Porter and his officers that he had found on the "Pilot" 
when he had captured her. He sent a message with this 
mail that he did not wish to deprive them of the opportu- 
nity to hear from their friends; he bore them no ill-will, 
since they were only doing their duty. 

Almost every day furnished accounts evincing the 
activity of Commodore Porter and the officers and men 
under his command ; but for a long time their industry 
and zeal was rather shown in the suppression of piracy 
than the punishment of it. At length, however, an op- 
portunity offered for inflicting the latter, as detailed in 
the following letter, dated Matanzas, July 10th, 1823, and 
afterwards printed in several New York, Boston and 
Salem newspapers : 

"I have the pleasure of informing you of a brilliant 
achievement obtained against the pirates on the 5th inst. 
by two barges attached to Commodore Porter's squad- 
ron, the 'Gallinipper', Lieut. Watson, 18 men, and the 
'Mosquito', Lieut. Inman, 10 men. The barges were 
returning from a cruise to windward ; when they were 
near Jiguapa Bay, 13 leagues to windward of Matanzas, 
they entered it — it being a well-known rendezvous for 
pirates. 

"They immediately discovered a large schooner under 
way, which they supposed to be a Patriot (South Ameri- 
can) privateer; and as their stores were nearly exhausted, 
they hoped to obtain some supplies from her. They 
therefore made sail in pursuit. When they were within 
cannon shot distance, she rounded to and fired her long 
gun, at the same time running up the bloody flag, directing 



54 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

her course towards the shore, continuing to fire with- 
out effect. 

"When she had got within a short distance of the 
shore, she came to, with springs on her cable, continuing 
to fire ; and when the barges were within thirty yards, 
they fired their muskets without touching boat or man ; 
our men gave three cheers, and prepared to board ; the 
pirates discovering their intention, jumped into the 
water, when the bargemen, calling on the name of 'Allen', 
commenced a destructive slaughter, killing them in the 
water and as they landed. So exasperated were our 
men, that it was impossible for their officers to restrain 
them, and many were killed after orders were given to 
grant quarter. 

"Twenty-seven dead were counted, some sunk, five 
taken prisoners by the bargemen, and eight taken by 
a party of Spaniards on shore. The officers calculated 
that from thirty to thirty-five were killed. The schooner 
mounted a long nine-pounder on a pivot and four four- 
pounders, with every other necessary armament, and a 
crew of fifty to sixty men, and ought to have blown the 
barges to atoms. She was commanded by the notorious 
Diableto, or 'Little Devil'. This statement I have from 
Lieut. Watson himself, and it is certainly the most decisive 
operation that has been effected against those murderers, 
either by the British or American force. This affair oc- 
curred on the same spot where the brave Allen fell about 
one year since. The prize was sent to Thompson's Island 
(now Key West)." 

A few weeks before the occurrence related above, on 
April 16, 1823, the ship-sloop "Peacock", Captain Cassin, 
entered Colorados, a harbor noted for pirates. He dis- 
covered a felucca standing out, and chased her ashore, but 
the pirates escaped. The felucca was a new, well-coppered 
boat, pulling sixteen sweeps (large oars), and was evident- 
ly starting out on her first cruise. Captain Cassin broke 
up their establishment, and the pirates burned three of 
their schooners on his approach. The U. S. schooners 
"Greyhound" and "Beagle" left Thompson's Island (now 
Key West), on June 7, 1823, under the command of 
Lieutenants Kearney and Newton, and cruised within the 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 55 

Keys, on the south side of Cuba, as far as Cape Cruz, 
touching at all the intermediate ports on the island, to 
intercept pirates. 

On July 21 they anchored off Cape Cruz, and Lieuten- 
ant Kearney went in his boat to reconnoitre the shore, 
when he was fired upon by a party of pirates who were 
concealed among the bushes. Several cannon in position 
on a hill a short distance off also opened fire. The boat 
returned, and five or six others were manned from the 
schooners and pushed off for the shore, but a very heavy 
cannonade being kept up by the pirates on the heights, 
the boats were compelled to retreat. Thereupon the 
"Greyhound" and "Beagle" were then warped in, when 
they discharged several broadsides, and covered the land- 
ing of the boats. After a sharp fight, the pirates retreated 
to another hill that they had also taken the precaution to 
fortify. A small hamlet, in which the pirates resided, 
was set on fire and destroyed. Three cannon, one a four- 
pounder brass fieldpiece, and two swivels, with several 
pistols, cutlasses, and eight large rowboats, were cap- 
tured. 

A cave, about 150 feet deep, was discovered near where 
the houses were, and after considerable difficulty, a party 
of seamen got to the bottom, where was found an immense 
quantity of plunder, consisting of broadcloths, dry goods, 
female dresses, saddlery, etc. Many human bones were 
also in the cave, supposed to have been the remains of 
unfortunate persons who were taken and put to death. 
A great many of the articles were brought away and the 
rest destroyed. About forty pirates escaped to the 
heights, but many were supposed to have been killed, 
from the fire of the schooners as well as from the men 
who landed. The bushes were so thick that it was im- 
possible to pursue them. Several other caves were in the 
neighborhood, in which it was conjectured that the free- 
booters occasionally took shelter. 

Some idea of the exacting and dangerous nature of the 
work undertaken by Commodore Porter, his officers and 
men, may be judged by the following official reports, 
copied from the records of the Navy Department. Indeed, 
the struggles of Commodore Porter's squadron in stamp- 



56 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

ing out piracy compare favorably in courage and daring 
with that of the United States regulars in their endless 
fighting with savage Indians, protecting the settlers, etc., 
on the far western frontier during the larger part of the 
nineteenth century. 

The schooner "Grampus" cruised in the vicinity of 
Campeachy from April to July, 1823, and her commander, 
Lieutenant, afterwards Rear-Admiral, Francis H. Gregory, 
reported as follows: 

"United States Schooner 'Grampus', 

"Thompson's Island, 3d July, 1823. 

"Sir : I have the honor to inform you that this vessel 
sailed from the Balize on the 24th of April, with a convoy 
for Tobasco, where she arrived on the 1st of May. Sailed 
thence again on the 6th, with a convoy, towards Vera 
Cruz ; parted with the convoy on the 9th, and arrived at 
Campeachy on the 13th, where I received information of 
several piracies committed upon merchant vessels of the 
United States, and that the coast of Yucatan, from Cape 
Catoche to Lagona, was then infested by several gangs of 
pirates, who had been guilty of every atrocity imaginable. 
Finding there were a considerable number of merchant 
ships at the several ports upon that coast unprotected, and 
others arriving almost daily, I continued thereabouts until 
the 25th of June, scouring the coast up and down, and 
occasionally, when any information was had which offered 
the least chance of detecting these villains, the boats 
were employed, and sometimes were sent along the coast 
twenty or thirty leagues from the vessel. 

"On the 22d of May I chased a schooner ashore to 
windward of Sisal, which I have no doubt was a pirate, 
from his appearance and conduct. As it was in the night, 
and upon a part of the coast where I was not sufficiently 
acquainted, and blowing fresh upon the shore, I had not 
an opportunity of completing his destruction. On June 
11th I seized a suspicious vessel in the harbor of Cam- 
peachy, and resigned her to the authorities there on that 
account. This last vessel has just come from New Malaga, 
or Vigia de Chiguila, a little to windward of Cape Catoche, 
where the pirates have a very considerable establishment, 




COMMODORE SYDNEY S. LEE, C. S. N. 
Brother of Gen. R. E. Lee 

From a photograph taken during the Civil War 
In the collection of F. B. C. Bradlee 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BBADLEE 57 

and came down to Campeachy for the purpose of procur- 
ing stores for a vessel then preparing for a cruise. 

•'Two seamen, who had been held as prisoners at New 
Malaga, informed me that this gang was sometimes a 
hundred and upwards in number; that they held posses- 
sion of a small fort, having two 24-pounders; and that 
an officer named Molla, who had been placed there by the 
government, had joined them. This was corroborated by 
the authorities of Campeachy, who requested me to land 
and destroy the place. The pirates issue from their post 
in barges, small vessels, and in canoes, hover along the 
shores, enter the harbors, murder and destroy almost all 
that fall in their power. 

"On the 2d of June, 1823, the American schooner 
*Shiboleth', Captain Perry, of New York, being then ready 
for the sea, was boarded by a canoe having fourteen of 
these villains on board. The watch was instantly mur- 
dered, eight others of the crew were put into the fore- 
castle, the hatch was spiked down, a ton or more of log- 
wood put over it, the head sails set, the wind off shore, 
and the vessel set on fire in the cabin. By the most ex- 
traordinary exertions, these men broke out in time to 
save their lives. I arrived while the vessel was on fire. 

"The same canoe then proceeded to windward, and two 
days afterward took the schooner 'Augustus and John', 
off Sisal, and burnt her, having turned the crew adrift in 
a small boat, with every probability of their perishing. 
The people of the country were much exasperated, and 
turned out to hunt them from their shores. A party of 
dragoons having met them, a skirmish ensued, wherein 
the captain of dragoons and several of his men were 
killed, and the pirates taking to their boats, escaped. 

"One of the seamen I mentioned as having been among 
them, stated that he belonged to an English schooner from 
New Providence, called the 'Flyer', that the crew, with 
the exception of himself, were instantly butchered. He 
was detained about two months, during which time they 
had captured nine vessels, some of which were brought 
in, but the principal part destroyed; and in some instances 
he was certain that the whole crews were murdered. 
When he left the place (^about twenty days since) they 



58 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

had a Guineaman, with 200 slaves and a large quantity of 
ivory and two small schooners, Americans. 

"An English cutter informed me that the pirates had 
direct and uninterrupted intercourse with Havana, by 
means of small coasting vessels that ran regularly to the 
ports on the coast, and always touched at New Malaga. 
Frequently some of them would go up to the Havana, and 
others of the gang come down. 

"That this infernal horde of villains have established 
themselves at New Malaga I have no doubt, and from the 
information given me by men of the first respectability at 
Campeachy, Sisal, and other places on the coast, I believe 
the pirates have been guilty of all the acts as herein 
stated. 

f *I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your most 
obedient servant, 

"Francis H. Gregory, 
"Lieutenant Commanding, United States Navy. 
"Commodore David Porter, Commanding United States 
Naval Forces, West Indian Station." 

The writer of this modest, matter-of-fact report, con- 
taining material enough to compile a thrilling sea tale, 
was a New Englander, born at Norwalk, Connecticut, on 
October 9th, 1789. Like many of our early naval officers, 
young Gregory began his sea career in the merchant ser- 
vice ; he received his midshipman's warrant on January 
16th, 1809. In those days the midshipmen received their 
professional education on shipboard, and, as it might 
without exaggeration be said, between battles. Midshipman 
Gregory's first services were near Balize, where he helped 
capture a slaver, a brig flying English colors and hav- 
ing 120 negroes on board, also a schooner fitting out 
for piratical purposes; shortly afterwards he took part in a 
night action with a privateer, which was disabled and 
driven off the coast, and, also, young as he was, was sent 
to the United States as prize-master in charge of a Spanish 
piratical brig mounting fourteen guns, which had been 
captured a few days before. 

Whatever they may have lacked in some ways, it may 
be safely affirmed that the young officers in the early days 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 59 

of the navy were not wanting in the practical part of 
their profession. 

When the war of 1812 broke out, we find Midshipman 
Gregory serving on Lake Ontario, under Commodore 
Chauncey ; he was captured in August, 1813, and sent to 
England, where he was confined for eighteen months as a 
prisoner of war ; in the meantime he had been promoted 
to be lieutenant, on June 28th, 1814. At the close of the 
war of 1812, Lieut. Gregory served for three years on the 
Mediterranean squadron under Commodore Shaw, whose 
daughter he married. From 1821 to 1823 he commanded 
the schooner "Grampus" in the West Indies, as we have 
already noted, and just before returning to the United 
States under orders for another station, he captured the 
pirate brig "Panchita", a vessel far superior to the 
"Grampus" in weight of metal and number of men. 

On April 28th, 1828, Lieutenant Gregory was promoted 
to be a commander, and on January 18th, 1838, he 
reached the rank of full captain (equal to that of colonel 
in the army), then and for many years afterwards (1862) 
the highest grade in the United States Navy, the officers 
commanding squadrons being given the temporary and 
courtesy title of "Flag officer", or Commodore. 

In connection with this antiquated and rather curious 
state of things, a laughable little "yarn" is not out of 
place. Very soon after the breaking out of the Civil war, 
it was naturally found necessary to restore higher grades 
in the navy than that of captain, and a bill to that effect 
was put before Congress. The late Captain A. T. Mahan, 
U. S. N., in his interesting reminiscences, "From Sail to 
Steam", recalled that the sailmaker of the ship he was 
then serving on, a sensible, thoughtful man, in discussing 
the possible higher rank, said, "Call them admirals 1 
never ! they will be wanting to be dukes next." 

During the Mexican war, 1846-48, Captain Gregory 
commanded the frigate "Raritan" ; his last active sea 
service was a few years later, when he was placed in 
charge of the African squadron. The Civil war found 
him commandant of the Brooklyn Navy Yard, where he 
also superintended the construction of the early ironclads. 
Captain Gregoiy was promoted to the rank of Rear- 



60 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

Admiral on July 16th, 1862. He died in Brooklyn on 
October 4th, 1866, having rounded out an active and 
glorious career of over half a century. 

Lieutenant Thomas H. Newell, commanding the schoon- 
er "Ferret", reported as follows concerning a cruise made 
on the southern coast of Cuba: 

"United States Schooner 'Ferret', 

"Thompson's Island (Key West), 

"June 25, 1823. 

"Sir : Pursuant to your instructions, I left this place 
on the 14th inst., on a cruise to Trinidad, on the south 
side of Cuba, in company with the 'Beagle', Captain 
Newton. On the second day we parted company, and on 
the third day I made the Havana (on my way to Matan- 
zas) ; from thence I commenced a diligent search in all 
the ports and bays. 

"On Tuesday sent my boat into Canised, and obtained 
information that some pirates were still lurking about the 
coast. During that night I kept close into the land, and 
on Wednesday, at 10 A. M., discovered an armed barge 
with sixteen oars, and well manned, in a small bay called 
Bacuna Yeagua. I immediately sent Lieutenant Dorring 
with five men, the most my boat could carry, to examine 
all the boats, there being seven in number. He approached 
within fift}' yards of the barge, when the crew showed 
their character by opening fire on him with musketry and 
blunderbusses,which, fortunately,did no other damage than 
nearly to sink the boat, she having received a ball at the 
water edge ; five other ones were found in the boat, which, 
being nearly spent, had struck the water and innocently 
jumped into her. My boat, at no time suitable for the trans- 
portation of men, and now rendered useless, induced me 
to take possession of a small coaster that was near, and 
manned her with fifteen men, and at that time intended to 
stand in, if possible, with the 'Ferret', in order to cover 
the men while they took possession of the barge, which 
then had the American colors, union down ; but, on ap- 
proaching, found that the channel would not admit of my 
entering. 

"It was then blowing very hard and a heavy sea on,there- 
fore I deemed it proper to recall the coaster, which had like 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 61 

to have gotten ashore, for, hud that catastrophe occurred, I 
question much whether the pirates would have had the 
gratification of butchering them, as they certainly would 
have been drowned. The sea was then breaking with 
great violence over the reef that covered the bay. I was 
then compelled to resort to making tacks, close in with 
the reef, and giving them 'long Tom' (a naval expression 
in use at that period to describe a heavy swivel gun), with 
round and grape shot, in hopes to destroy the boats — as 
to killing any of them, it was impossible, for, on the ap- 
proach of the 'Ferret', they would completely secure 
themselves behind the rocks and trees, which hung all 
around the harbor ; but this I was frustrated in by the 
enormous roughness of the sea, and the wind being on 
shore prevented me from taking any position from which 
I could annoy them much. Finding it impossible with 
the means then in my power, I stood out to sea, in hopes 
to fall in with some vessel from which I could get a suit- 
able boat (but am sorry to say it was not until next morn- 
ing that my wishes were obtained), and, if that could be 
done, to push to Matanzas, to concert a plan with the 
Governor by which the pirates, as well as their boats, 
may be taken. 

"I, however, obtained a boat from an English vessel, 
and immediately bore up for the same place, which was 
then but a short distance off. I had not run but a short 
time when I discovered a Spanish brig-of-war lying to off 
the bay, which proved to be the 'Matae'. On the report 
being sent to the Governor of Matanzas that one of the 
United States schooners was engaged with the pirates, he 
dispatched this brig, and at the same time took with him 
a land force, and had cruised there a few minutes before 
me and had taken possession of a small schooner boat the 
pirates had abandoned, and which lay on the beach. I 
sent in my boat after he had left, and ordered a search, 
when two of the boats I had seen the day I attacked them 
were found, well sunk, up a lagoon, which, upon further 
examination, extended several miles into the island, and 
have no doubt but what the large barge is now at the head 
of it, but not being prepared with boats, I did not think 
it proper to send my boats out from the 'Ferret'. The two 



62 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

boats I have brought over, and shall await your orders 
relative thereto. 

"On my arrival at Matanzas 1 found my mainmast very 
dangerously sprung, which has made it necessary for me 
to return here, but not until I had given convoy to eight 
of our merchantmen from Matanzas and Cuba. 

"I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, your 
obedient servant, 

"Thomas H. Newell. 

"To Commodore David Porter, U. States Navy." 

On March 1st, 1823, the famous pirate, La Cata, was 
captured off the Isle of Pines by the British man-of-war 
cutter "Grecian", after a smart action. The cutter 
mounted six long nine-pounders, and her crew numbered 
fifty ; the pirate schooner had eight guns, and over one 
hundred in her crew ; it was believed that about thirty of 
the latter were killed, but only three prisoners were made, 
the rest escaping on shore in small boats or by swimming. 
Considerable quantities of goods were found on board 
the prize. 

The "Grecian" conveyed the prisoners to Jamaica, 
where, it seemed, the laws against piracy were more 
strictly enforced than in the United States. About the 
same date a British sloop of war captured a pirate 
schooner, manned by sixty men, off St. Domingo-* She 
had on board $200,000 in gold and silver, besides many 
other valuable articles. Two years later, May 16th, 1825, 
the "Grecian", assisted by a steamboat which, like the 
U. S. S. "Sea Gull", had formerly been a merchant vessel, 
but was chartered and fitted out by the British naval 
authorities at Jamaica to assist their squadron, captured 
a piratical brigantine and her crew of thirty-eight desper- 
adoes, off Matanzas. Several of the pirates were killed, 
and the rest sent to Havana for trial. It was ascertained 
that some of them had assisted in capturing more than 
twenty American vessels, whose crews were murdered I 

The British navy assisted the United States squadron 
in every way in their operations against the pirates, and 
the most cordial relations prevailed between the two 

♦Files of the N. Y. Shipping and Commercial List. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 63 

fleets. Unfortunately, however, the English men-of-war 
were constantly sent off on other duties, and they had no 
special squadron detailed to deal with the pirates. At 
this period the British West India squadron consisted of 
the line-of-battle ships "Forte" and "Gloucester", frigates 
"Dartmouth", "Hyperion" and "Seringapatam", sloops 
"Carnation", "Pandora", "Tyne", "Tomar" "Scout", cutter 
"Grecian", and "Thracian", the brigs "Redwing", "Bus- 
tard", and "Kangaroo", and the schooner "Speedwell", 
with four smaller craft. This formidable fleet captured, 
as already stated, only 13 vessels and 291 men. But the 
prisoners convicted of piracy were duly executed, and it 
is known that forty-two pirates were hung at Jamaica. 

The British gave their prisoners the proper punishment 
for their deeds. In our country these pirates had the 
sympathy, strange as it may seem, of a great many people, 
to such an extent that very few were executed, many, too 
many, were pardoned, and some of the pardoned pirates 
were captured a second time with their former comrades. 

Some idea of the desperate deeds of these marine high- 
waymen have been told in former pages, but no tales of 
fiction have pictured their crimes as black as they really 
were in truth. At first the reports greatly exaggerated 
their deeds, and the pirates themselves played upon the 
imaginations of their captives ; but in course of time they 
practiced all sorts of cruelty and tortured their victims 
with every possible circumstance of horror to make death 
welcome to the unfortunate sufferers. The reports of the 
many crimes and outrages demonstrate the frightful 
growth of marine highway robbery and the immense value 
of the gallant services of the United States Navy cannot 
be exaggerated. 

The following rather minute, but most interesting ac- 
count of the execution of a large number of pirates, taken 
from an old book on "Piracy" (which in turn copied the 
story from contemporaneous newspapers) is well worth 
reproducing. 

"Ten of the pirates captured by H. B. M. sloop-of-war 
'Tyne' were executed at Kingston, Jamaica, on Friday, 
the 7th of February, 1823. About a quarter of an hour 
before day dawn the wretched culprits were taken from 



64 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

the jail, under a guard of soldiers from the 50th regi- 
ment and the City Guard. On their arrival at the wherry 
wharf, the military retired, and the prisoners, with the 
Town Guard, were put on board two wherries, in which 
they proceeded to Port Royal Point, the usual place of 
execution in similar cases. 

"They were there met by a strong party of military, 
consisting of 50 men, under the command of two com- 
missioned officers. At the word of command the soldiers 
formed themselves into a square around the place of exe- 
cution, with the sheriff and his officers with the prisoners 
in the centre. The gallows were of considerable length, 
and contrived with a drop so as to prevent the unpleasant 
circumstances which frequently occur. The unfortunate 
men had been in continual prayer from the time they were 
awakened out of a deep sleep till they arrived at that 
place, where they were to close their existence. 

"They all expressed their gratitude for the attention 
they had met with from the Sheriff and the inferior 
officers. Many pressed the hands of the turnkey to their 
lips, others to their hearts, and, on their knees, prayed 
that God, Jesus Christ and the Virgin Mary would bless 
him and the other jailors for their goodness. They all 
then fervently joined in prayer. To the astonishment of 
all, no clerical character of any persuasion was present. 
They repeatedly called out, 'Adonde esta el padre' (where 
is the holy father ?) Juan Hernandez called on all persons 
present to hear him — he was innocent ; what they had 
said about his confessing himself guilty was untrue. He 
had admitted himself guilty because he hoped for pardon, 
but that now he was to die he called God, Jesus Christ, 
the Holy Ghost, the Virgin Mary, and the Saints, to wit- 
ness that he spoke the truth — that he was no pirate, no 
murderer — he had been forced. The lieutenant of the 
pirates was a wretch, who did not fear God, and had com- 
pelled him to act. 

"Juan Gutterez and Francisco de Sayas were loud in 
their protestations of innocence. Manuel Lima said, for 
himself he did not care ; he felt for the old man (Miguel 
Jose). How could he be a pirate who could not help 
himself ? If it were a Christian country, they would 



\ EBB 1 




5 » 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 65 

have pardoned him for his gray hairs. He was innocent 
— they had both been forced. Let none of his friends 
and relations ever venture to sea — he hoped his death 
would be a warning to them, that the innocent might suf- 
fer for the guilty. The language of this young man 
marked him a superior to the generality of his companions 
in misery. The seamen of the 'Whim' stated that he was 
very kind to them when prisoners on board the piratical 
vessel. Just before he was turned off he addressed the 
old man — 'Adios, viejo, para siempre adios' ! — (Farewell 
old man, forever farewell). 

"Several of the prisoners cried out for mercy, pardon, 
pardon. Domingo Eucalla, the black man, then addressed 
them. 'Do not look for mercy here, but pray to God ; we 
are all brought here to die. This is not built for nothing; 
here we must end our lives. You know I am innocent, 
but I must die the same as you all. There is not anyone 
here who can do us any good, so let us think only of God 
Almighty. We are not children, but men, you know that 
all must die ; and in a few years those who kill us must 
die, too. When I was born, God set the way of my 
death ; I do not blame anyone ; I was taken by the 
pirates, and they made me help them ; they would not let 
me be idle. 

" 'I could not show that this was the truth, and there- 
fore they have judged me by the people they have found 
me with. I am put to death unjustly, but I blame no- 
body. It was my misfortune. Come, let us pray. If we 
are innocent, so much the less have we to repent. I do 
not come here to accuse anyone ; death must come one 
day or another, better to the innocent than to the o-uilty.' 

"He then joined in prayer with the others. He seemed 
to be much reverenced by his fellow prisoners. He chose 
those prayers he thought most adapted to the occasion. 
Hundreds were witnesses to the manly firmness of this 
negro. Observing a bystander listening attentively to the 
complaints of one of his fellow-wretches, he translated 
what had been said into English. With a steady pace and 
a resolute and resigned countenance, he ascended the 
fatal scaffold. Observing the executioner unable to untie 
a knot on the collar of one of the prisoners, he with his 



66 THE SUPPRESSION OP PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

teeth undid it. He then prayed most fervently until the 
drop fell. 

"Miguel Jose protested his innocence — 'No he robado, 
no he matado ningune, muero innocente' (I have robbed 
no one, I have killed no one, I die innocent. I am an old 
man, but my family will feel my disgraceful death.) 

"Francisco Miguel prayed devoutly, but inaudibly. His 
soul seemed to have quitted his body before he was exe- 
cuted. Breti Gullimillit called on all to witness his in- 
nocence ; it was of no use for him to say an untruth, for 
he was going before the face of God. Augustus Hernan- 
dez repeatedly declared his innocence ; requested that no 
one would say he had made a confession; he had none to 
make. 

"Juan Hernandez was rather obstinate when the exe- 
cutioner pulled the cap over his eyes. He said, rather 
passionately, 'Quita is de mis ojos' — (Remove it from my 
eyes). He then rubbed it up against one of the posts of 
the gallows. Miguel Jose made the same complaint, and 
drew the covering from his eyes by rubbing his head 
against a fellow sufferer. Pedro Nonde was loud in his 
ejaculations for mercy and wept bitterly. He was covered 
with the marks of deep wounds. 

"The whole of the ten included in the death warrant 
having been placed on the scaffold, and the ropes sus- 
pended, the drop was let down. Nondre, being an im- 
mensely heavy man, broke the rope and fell to the ground 
alive. Juan Hernandez struggled long. Lima was much 
convulsed ; the old man Gullimillit and Miguel were ap- 
parently dead before the drop fell, and Eucalla (the 
negro) gave one convulsion, and all was over. 

"When Nondre recovered from the fall and saw his 
nine lifeless companions stretched in death, he gave an 
agonizing shriek ; he wrung his hands, screamed 'Favor, 
favor, me matan sin causa. O ! buenos Christianos, me 
amparen, ampara me, ampara me, no hay Christiano en 
asta, tiara?' (Mercy, mercy, they kill me without cause — 
Oh, good Christians, protect me, protect me, protect me. 
Is there no Christian in this land ?) 

"He then lifted his eyes to Heaven and prayed long 
and loud. Upon being again suspended, he was for a 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 67 

long period convulsed. He was an immensely powerful 
man, and died hard. 

The ship "Orleans", of Philadelphia, a large, heavily- 
armed vessel bound from New York to the West Indies, 
was robbed off Cape Antonio, in September, 1821, by an 
equally large piratical corvette mounting at least fourteen 
guns. The crew of the "Orleans" offered but a faint 
resistance, and were probably overawed by the size of the 
pirate and the number of freebooters on her; many of the 
"Orleans'' men afterwards joined the pirate, with, it was 
said, but little urging. The latter was commanded by 
one Gasparilla, a noted desperado of the blackest die ; his 
headquarters were in the island of Boca Grande, on the 
west coast of Florida ; this place is now a noted and 
fashionable winter resort, and one of the small islands in 
the neighborhood is named for Gasparilla. 

Goods to the value of $40,000 were taken from the 
"Orleans" ; most of the marauders appear to have been 
Spaniards and Portuguese, with a liberal sprinkling of 
negroes. After robbing the ship, Gasparilla wrote, in 
the French language, a note to a United States naval 
officer, a passenger on the "Orleans", as follows : 

"At Sea, and in Good Luck. 
"Sir: 

"Between buccaneers, no ceremony ; I take your dry 
goods, and, in return, I send you pimento ; therefore we 
are now even. I entertain no resentment. 

"Bid good day to the officer of the United States, and 
tell him that I appreciate the energy with which he has 
spoken of me and my companions-in-arms. Nothing can 
intimidate us ; we run the same fortune, and our maxim 
is that 'the goods of this world belong to the strong and 
valiant. 

"The occupation of the Floridas is a pledge that the 
course 1 follow is conformable to the policy pursued by 
the United States. 

(Signed) 

"Richard Coeur de Lion." 

Through the kindness of Robert S. Bradley, Esq., of 
Boston, president of the Charlotte Harbor and Northern 



68 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

Railway Company of Florida, a most interesting, and, it 
is believed, accurate account of the famous, or rather in- 
famous, Gasparilla, is here reproduced. It was originally 
printed in pamphlet form, to be distributed among the 
patrons of the railway and the Boca Grande Hotel, but 
the story proved so thrilling that the little brochure went 
out of print rapidly and is now quite rare. 

"This narrative was compiled by the writer from inci- 
dents told by John Gomez, better known as Panther Key 
John, a brother-in-law of Gasparilla and a member of his 
crew, who died at the age of one hundred and twenty 
years, at Panther Key, Florida, twelve miles below Marco, 
in the year 1900 ; also from records left by John Gomez, 
Jr., the cabin-boy on Gasparilla's ship, who was kidnapped 
by Gasparilla, and who witnessed the death of this pirate 
and all on board his vessel. He died and was buried at 
Palmetto, Florida, in 1875, at the age of seventy years. 

"While it is almost impossible to obtain exact informa- 
tion concerning this outlaw, owing to the numerous and 
conflicting accounts, the writer has tried to put into read- 
able form a few of these stories concerning Gasparilla, 
and has only used such accounts where two or more 
sources agreed. However, it is well to keep in mind that 
owing to the long lapse of time between the death of 
Gasparilla and the present year nearly all old landmarks 
have gone." 

"The Story of Gasparilla." 

"The romantic age of the Gulf is past, the days when 
pirate bands preyed upon the peaceful merchantman, stole 
his goods, and carried away his women passengers, have 
gone, but romance still holds sway in the minds of each 
of us, and in the pirate Gasparilla we find a story that is 
full of the spice of romantic adventure, that abounds 
with thrills, and causes the pulse to beat just a little faster 
at some daring exploit, the eyes to fill with water at some 
touching story, or the fists to clench in the good American 
way at the brutal butcheries that authentic documents 
show were committed. Gasparilla has gone, his pirate 
gold lies hidden somewhere on the isles of Charlotte har- 
bor, but the bleached bones of his murdered victims, with 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE G9 

the stories that have drifted down from past generations, 
give to the world a synopsis of the life and death of Gas- 
parilla, the terror of the Southern Seas. 

"His name was Jose Gaspar (Gasparilla meaning Gas- 
par, the outlaw). He stood high in the graces of the 
Spanish Court, so high indeed that he filched the crown 
jewels. Jose was also an officer of high standing in the 
naval affairs of the Spaniards. Some records give him 
the honor of being what we would call an admiral. His 
theft discovered, he deserted his wife and children, gath- 
ered together a nice lot of cut-throats, stole the prize 
vessel of the Spanish fleet, and escaped. This happened 
in the year 1782. A price was declared upon his head, 
and, it is stated, when Gasparilla heard this decree, he 
swore eternal vengeance upon all Spaniards in general, 
and commenced to destroy the commerce of Spain. 

"The Gulf of Mexico at that time being a rendezvous 
for pirate fleets, Gaspar settled in Charlotte Harbor and 
built upon the shores of what is now called Turtle Bay 
twelve houses, where, under guard, his female captives 
were placed, all male prisoners being killed when cap- 
tured. The buildings were constructed of palmetto logs, 
and arranged in a semi-circle close to the water's edge. 

"About one hundred yards further inland the burying 
ground was discovered several years ago, containing not 
only the bones of his men, but the skeletons of his mur- 
dered women captives. Many a touching story has been 
unearthed when the ghostly remains were uncovered — 
stories of great strong men who died in the fight, of 
women who died to save their honor, and of nobility we 
even find a trace, but these are only traditions, and the 
story of 'The Little Spanish Princess,' as told by old 
Panther Key John Gomez, we will relate later on. 

"Close to Turtle Bay lies the little Isle of Cayopelean. 
Upon this island stood a burial mound fifty feet high and 
four hundred feet in circumference at the base, built cen- 
turies earlier, it is thought, by the Mound Builders of a 
prehistoric race. Excavations in this mound have pro- 
duced ornaments of gold and silver, together with hun- 
dreds of human skeletons. On its summit Gasparilla 
constructed an observation tower, where always a grim 



70 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

sentinel was stationed and looked across the warm, smiling 
waters of the Gulf for a victim. 

"The present Isle of Gasparilla the pirate named for 
himself. Taking the best of everything when a capture 
was made, he chose the best of the islands in Charlotte 
Harbor for his own secret haunts. It is said that Jose 
was saluted the King of the Pirates, and his home on 
Gasparilla Island was regal in its fittings. 

"Some writers have said that Gasparilla joined Pierre 
LaFitte, the famous French pirate, while others have 
stated on good authority that LaFitte joined Gasparilla's 
band, contributing a boat and thirty men. 

"While taking the census of 1900 two gentlemen 
stopped at Panther Key and spent the night with John 
Gomez. The race of the old buccaneer was nearly run, 
but all through that night he told a story of piracy that 
could scarce be believed, yet it was a dying man that was 
clearing his soul before his Maker. He told of the looting 
of ships, the massacre of innocents, and last of all, when 
his life had nearly passed, he told the story of 'The Little 
Spanish Princess,' whose name he did not remember. He 
told where the body would be found, and a sketch was 
prepared under his direction, and in recent years in the 
exact location as described the skeleton of a beheaded 
woman was found. This is the story. 

"In the early days of the year 1801 a princess of Spain 
sailed in great state for Mexico. While in that country 
she was royally entertained by its Ruler, and to show her 
appreciation to the Mexican people she prevailed upon the 
nobles to allow her to take eleven of Mexico's fairest 
daughters away with her to be educated in Spanish cus- 
toms. A treasure of much gold, bound in chests of cop- 
per, it is said, was in cargo. When about forty miles from 
what is now Boca Grande, Gasparilla engaged them in 
combat, killed the crew, took the gold, and carried away 
as captives the princess and the eleven Mexican girls. The 
princess he kept for himself, the maids were divided 
among his men. The little Spanish princess spurned the 
one-time favorite of the King, and Gasparilla swore that 
if she did not return of her own free will the affections 
lavished upon her, she would be beheaded, and the story 



BY FKANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 71 

goes the threat of Gaspar was fulfilled. Far away from 
her native land, alone on a tropical isle, the little princess 
still lies in the lonely bed made for her by Gasparilla. 
The night birds sing in the dusk and lull her spirit to rest 
in the evening, and the moon throws kindly shadows o'er 
the spot where royalty sleeps. 

"From members of Gaspar's crew many a strange story 
has drifted down concerning him, his traits, his ways, his 
passions. He was polished in his manners and a great 
lover of fashionable clothes ; fearless in fight, and at all 
times cruel in his nature. Concerning women he was fan- 
atical, and his houses were always filled with captives. 
It is stated beauty was essential with him. He kept for 
himself a certain number of picked beauties, but so fickle 
was his nature that when an additional capture was made 
and a new face appealed to him, one of his old loves must 
forfeit her life to make room for the new favorite. That 
this was true there is no doubt, as the graveyard of Gaspa- 
rilla tells its own terrible story. 

"In 1819 the United States, having obtained, under the 
Louisiana Purchase in 1803,* the states bordering on 
the Gulf, made war upon the robber bands. On Sanibel 
Island a conference was held by all the pirates, and with 
the exception of Gasparilla, Baker, Caesar, and old King 
John, all sailed away, to be heard of no more. 

"Nearly two years later, the war on piracy becoming 
too severe, Jose and his crew agreed to divide their 
wealth, which was then estimated at thirty million dol- 
lars, to give up piracy, and live as honest men the rest of 
their lives. This was decided upon and plans made ac- 
cordingly. 

"In the spring of 1822, while getting together his 
treasure for division, which at that time was hidden in six 
separate hiding places, he cited what appeared to be a 
large English merchantman just off Boca Grande Pass. 
It is said his greedy eyes lit with pleasure at the thoughts 
of just one more victim ere his piratical days were over. 
Closely following the shore-line of the Gulf, he slipped 

•Florida belonged to Spain, therefore was not included in the 
Louisiana Purchase from France in 1803. It was acquired by the 
United States by special treaty in 1819. 



72 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

into Charlotte Harbor through what is now known as 
Little Gasparilla Pass, crept around Gasparilla Island, 
and gathered together his crew. Great excitement reigned 
when the plans were unfolded. The band of eighty men 
was divided into two parts, he commanding thirty-five 
men, LaFitte thirty-five, while ten were left in charge of 
the camp. At about four in the afternoon Gasparilla and 
his men dashed through the Boca Grande Pass for the 
English prize ; fast overtaking the fleeing ship, the black 
flag was hoisted, and his men stood ready with the grap- 
pling hooks, but suddenly the English flag floated down 
and the Stars and Stripes pulled in place ; in a moment 
gnns were uncovered on deck, and Gasparilla, realizing 
that he was in a trap, turned to flee. His boat, disabled 
by the shots from the war vessel and capture staring him 
in the face, he wrapped a piece of anchor chain around 
his waist and jumped into the sea. His age at his death 
was about sixty-five. His crew was hanged at the yard- 
arms, with the exception of the cabin-boy and the ten men 
left in charge of the captives, they having escaped to the 
mainland. Panther Key John was in this gang. The 
cabin-boy was carried to New Orleans, where he remained 
in prison ten years. 

"LaFitte, watching the battle from afar, turned and fled, 
but the next morning his boat was captured and sunk off 
the mouth of the Manatee River. Whether he was cap- 
tured at this point is not known, as so many conflicting 
stories arose concerning him, still it is a positive fact that 
he was buried at New Orleans. 

"For thirty years the craft of Gasparilla was visible 
from Gasparilla Island, lying five miles off Boca Grande 
Pass, but the sand has now completely covered the 
wreck. 

"The treasure of Gasparilla still lies unmoved. The 
bones of the bold buccaneer, with his pirate ship, have 
vanished, but legends from the fisher-folk say that some- 
times in the dead of night, off Gasparilla Island, when 
the waves are singing a lullaby to the weary and the wind 
is whispering soft messages through the palmettos, the 
phantom fleets of the pirate crew arise from their ocean 




£ 5 

o 

§ 6 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 73 

resting places and pursue, as in days of old, the ghost 
ships of the merchantmen." 

Among the best known American privateers during the 
war of 1812-15 was the "America", owned by George 
Crowninshield* and Sons, of Salem, Mass. She was the 
fourth vessel bearing that name and belonging to the firm 
since 1783, and they were all lucky and proBtable invest- 
ments. The fourth "America", built for a merchantman 
at Salem in 1803-04, by Retire Becket, was always noted 
for her high speed, and while a privateer, her unusual 
number of captures and numerous escapes from British 
cruisers. She arrived in Salem from her last cruise in 
April, 1815, and never again went to sea, although she 
was not broken up until 1831. In 1818, however, a half 
interest in the "America" was sold for $4000f (the firm 
of George Crowninshield and Sons having been dissolved 
in 1817), and for a year or two there were persistent ru- 
mors that the United States Navy Department wished to 
buy the old privateer and make her into a small sloop of 
war. Her great speed would have made her useful in 
chasing pirates on the West India station. For some 
reason or other, however, the deal was never consum- 
mated, probably because the "America's" timbers may 
have already shown signs of dry rot. 

The photograph of the oldcarronade inserted herewith, 
to show marine ordnance of one hundred years ago, is 
taken from one of the guns of the old "America", owned 
by Francis B. Crowninshield, Esq., of Marblehead, Mass., 
and reproduced through his kindness. 

The brig "Aurilla", of Gloucester, Mass., bound from 
Baltimore to New Orleans, was boarded by two piratical 
schooners off Salt Key, May 16th, 1822. The pirates 
compelled the captain and crew to go below, while the 
captain was examined in regard to the cargo and money 
on board. Having besmeared the windlass with the blood 
of a chicken, the pirates ranged themselves in two lines, 
and each member of the "Aurilla's" crew was made to 
run the gauntlet singly, and in such manner as to lead 

•George Crowninshield was the author's great-great-grandfather. 

tThe Private Armed Ship "America" of Salem, by Bowdoin 
Bradlee Crowninshield: The Essex Institute, 1901. 



74 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

them to think that death awaited them at the windlass, 
where the blood was evidence of the fate of their ship- 
mates who had preceded them. They thus secured about 
$50,000 worth of goods and money, but they resorted to 
this individual inquisition in order to ascertain if the cap- 
tain had informed them truly. 

One of the crew was found hidden below, and was 
brought on deck. He supposed that he was the only sur- 
vivor, and to escape the gauntlet he pretended that one of 
the passengers, a Mr. Nickoff, had stowed a box of money 
in the hold. Mr. Nickoff was called again, and as the 
money could not be found, he was stabbed in the arms 
and legs, blindfolded, and, with a rope round his body, 
was hoisted to the yard-arm and lowered into the sea. 
Still unable to inform them, as he really had no money, 
he was pulled up on deck and left apparently dead. He 
aubsequently recovered. The freebooters confiscated all 
watches, clothing, and everything which could be of any 
use or value to them. There were a number of slaves, 
male and female, on the "Aurilla", bound for the south- 
ern market to be sold ; they were badly treated, but not 
stolen, and this in itself seems strange, for most, if not 
all, the West Indian pirates were slavers also, running 
cargoes of negroes to Cuba, Brazil, and less often to 
southern ports of the United States. One of the " Amel- 
ia's" crew was a good carpenter, and he was compelled to 
go with the pirates, who released the brig to resume her 
voyage to New Orleans. 

The reader will have doubtless noticed a certain simi- 
larity in all the various stories of merchant vessels attacked 
by pirates, and the author takes the present opportunity 
to say that in order to avoid needless repetition, he has 
purposely omitted not a few accounts of merchantmen 
waylaid by marine highwaymen ; neither has he attempted 
to arrange this little monograph in strictly chronological 
order. He has reserved his limited space in order to make 
pleasant reading and to mention, as far as possible, the 
struggles and exploits of our navy in stamping out piracy, 
and to record the experiences of local (Essex County, 
Massachusetts,) craft. 

Nevertheless, in order to gratify the curiosity of the 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 75 

many persons interested in the minutiae of history, a list 
of all ships, foreign as well as American, attacked by 
pirates in the South Atlantic from 1824 to 1832, will be 
found at the end of the book. This list, the result of 
much labor and trouble, has been compiled largely from 
the files of the New York Shipping and Commercial List, 
Essex (Salem) Register, and last, but not least, the Mar- 
blehead Register, which, although a small town paper, 
fairly teemed with marine news. 

Salem was undoubtedly stirred to its depths by the 
following story of a piratical attack on one of its fleet 
of "argosies", as printed with heavily leaded headings 
(only reserved for the most important news in those days) 
in the Register of Feb. 9th, 1822 : 

''PIRACY! PIRACY! 

♦'Extract of a letter from Capt. Wm. Lander, of the 
brig 'Washington', of this port (Salem), to his owner, 
dated 

"Havana, Jan. 16, 1822. 

"I arrived at Matanzas in 18 days from Salem, and 
found the markets so bad, sailed for this place ; on the 
morning of the 8th, at 10 A. M., was boarded by a small 
pirate schr. of about ten tons, with ten men, armed with 
muskets, cutlasses, pistols, and long knives. They drove 
all the men below, but one, whom they sent aloft, with a 
threat that if he saw any armed vessel in the offing and 
did not inform them, they would blow his brains out. 
They then demanded my money ; I went to my chest and 
handed them 16 dollars, which was all 1 had. The head 
robber threw that into a small box, and said he ,would 
burn the brig if I did not produce more. I told him I 
had no more. They then ordered the men on deck, and 
compelled them to get up bread and beef — they took 5 
bbls. bread, 5 do. potatoes, 1 bbl. shoes, and 1 bbl. salt 
beef ; also the bag with the colors, the sounding line, a 
trumpet, a coil of spun yarn, a quantity of twine, and 3 
or 4 light sails. They also took my trunk, with all my 
clothing, two watches, a spyglass, and two blankets, the 
mate's clothing, with all the principal part of the men's 
clothes, and all the cooking utensils, 2 axes, a saw, 2 
buckets and a compass." 



76 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

The same paper reported that : "The brig 'Dover', 
Sabin, of Providence, R. I., arrived at Charleston, S. C, 
from Matanzas, was boarded on the 16th ult., off the Pan 
of Matanzas, by a boat from a (sugar) drogher, which 
came out of Matanzas the night before. Five Spaniards, 
armed with long knives, pistols, cutlasses, etc., came on 
board, and after beating the captain and crew, drove them 
below, robbed them of clothes, watches, and everything 
of value. They were afterwards called up singly ; four 
men with drawn knives stood over the captain and threat- 
ened him, if he did not give up his money, that they 
would murder all hands and burn the vessel. They 
then commenced plundering the brig, broke open the 
hatches, and made the crew carry the plunder to their 
vessel. They took one compass, five bags of coffee, one 
barrel sugar, nearly all the provisions, colors, rigging, 
cooking utensils, and ordered them to stand to the north- 
ward, or they would return, kill all hands, and burn the 
vessel." . . . 

On January 7th, 1898, Capt. Charles Endicott, a well- 
known Salem retired shipmaster of the old school, cele- 
brated his seventy-fifth birthday. To a few friends who 
assembled at his house to do him honor, Capt. Endicott 
related the unenviable experience of his father, Capt. 
Aaron Endicott, in 1822, when he was captured by pirates 
while in command of the brig "Niagara" of Salem, owned 
by Joseph Peabody. In passing it may be well to say, 
for the benefit of the uninitiated, that Mr. Peabody was 
one of the largest of the old-time Salem (and in fact of 
the whole country) merchants and shipowners. The 
"Niagara" left Salem in January, 1822, bound for Matan- 
zas, and before her departure $50,000 in specie was stored 
in nail kegs and hidden among other kegs in the cargo. 
No person, other than the owner and commander, knew 
anything whatever of the money being aboard. When 
the brig was off Matanzas and making preparations to 
beat in, a piratical schooner gave chase, and when the 
"Niagara" was in stays came alongside. 

One hundred men, armed to the teeth, jumped aboard 
and drove the crew below. The money was demanded of 
Capt. Endicott, who stoutly denied having any on board. 




ADMIRAL FRANCIS H. GREGORY 
From a photograph taken during the Civil War 

From the collection of F B.C. Bradlee 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 77 

The cabin boy was also brutally beaten and even wounded 
with swords, but he could give no information. While 
the pirates were searching for themselves, threatening 
that, if any treasure were found, they would kill the en- 
tire crew, a large ship hove in sight, and believing her to 
be a man-of-war, the buccaneers hastily took their depar- 
ture, but not before they had stolen Capt. Endicott's nau- 
tical instruments and all the clothing of his men.* 

While they (the pirates) were on board the "Niagara", 
they headed her for the breakers, intending to leave her 
at the last minute, and her crew to their fate. As soon 
as they were gone, Capt. Endicott released his crew, 'bout 
ship, and was soon on his course again for the harbor of 
Matanzas, where he arrived in safety. There he learned 
that his capture had been seen from the shore, but there 
were no means at hand to assist him, and, quite likely, 
no will either, for many of the Spanish officials were in 
league with the pirates. It was clearly to be seen, said 
Capt. Endicott, that the freebooters knew that there was 
treasure hidden somewhere on the "Niagara" ; this and 
several other suspicious events, including the unsuccess- 
ful attempt to plunder the steamer "Robert Fulton" (to 
be mentioned later), led the "initiated" to think that the 
pirates had agents in the seaport towns of the United 
States, who, by fair means or foul, found out when large 
sums of money were to be shipped in vessels bound to the 
West Indies, South America, or southern ports of this 
country, and were able to notify their friends to be on 
the lookout for them. It was even hinted that a certain 
consul of one of the South American republics might not 
be a stranger to these schemes.f 

The "Niagara" was loaded with sugar at Matanzas, 
went from there to Cronstadt, Russia, and then returned 
to Salem, having made a most successful voyage ; she 
was built on Mount Desert Island, Maine, in 1816 ; meas- 
ured 246 tons register, and was finally lost on the Feegee 
Islands, March 22d, 1831. Capt. Aaron Endicott, after a 
prosperous career, retired from the sea, and died in Salem 

•Accounts of this piracy may also be found in the Salem Register 
for Feb. 13th and 16th, 1822. 

fRecords of the Marblehead Marine Insurance Co. 



78 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

in 1853, aged 74 years. The attack on the "Niagara" 
was quickly followed by a series of other piratical out- 
rages, reported as follows in the columns of the Salem 
Register : 

"Wednesday, March 6, 1822. 

"Capt. Rice, from Havana, informs, that a few days 
before sailing he was present at the Regla, when 5 boats 
were taken possession of by the Police, said to be pirates. 
Capt. Miller, of the Jane, saw boxes of herrings, of his 
mark, taken from him by one of the boats. The boat he 
knew to be the one that boarded and robbed him. Another 
man, name not known, who had been robbed, saw his 
under coat, but dare not claim it. Two men were taken 
the same morning, one of them said to be the captain of 
one of the boats." 

"New York, Feb. 28. 

"Capt. Pratt, from Matanzas, informs, that a few days 
before he left a piratical schooner of 30 or 40 tons, with 
2 brass pieces and 15 men, had been surprised and cap- 
tured, three leagues to the leeward of that place, by 
troops dispatched for the purpose ; the captain and three 
men killed, and four taken prisoners. She was known to 
belong to Havana." 

"March 2, 1822. 

"The brig 'Leader', Capt. Jones, of Fair Haven, Mass., 
arrived at Havana, from Teneriffe, was boarded on the 
6th of Feb. off the Moro, by a piratical boat, under the 
English flag, with 12 men. They plundered and stripped 
the officers and crew, and a French passenger, of every- 
thing, and threatened to take their lives. They even had 
a rope round the passenger's neck, and were going to hang 
him, but several vessels appearing in sight, induced them 
to desist. They robbed Mrs. Jones, the captain's lady, of 
her wearing apparel, took the rings from her fingers, and 
threatened to take her on shore. They also took part of 
the cargo, the vessel's provisions, stores, cabin furniture, 
spars, rigging, and light sails. The pirates were all Span- 
iards but one, who was a Frenchman. They were fitted 
out at Havana, and had probably not been out more than 
12 hours." 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 79 

"February 27, 1822. 

"The U. S. Schooner 'Porpoise', Capt. Ramage, arrived 
at Charleston on the 10th, from a cruise. In addition to 
the information which we already have of the useful ser- 
vice rendered by this vessel, we learn that in the course 
of her cruise Capt. R. recaptured the Schooner 'Charles', 
Glavery, of Baltimore, which had been three days in the 
possession of pirates ; and destroyed in all three piratical 
establishments on shore, and twelve vessels, besides two 
on the stocks. He has brought into port four pirates. 
Three others whom he had captured he discharged for 
want of evidence. On the day preceding the arrival of 
the 'Porpoise', arrived the piratical schooner 'El Bravo', 
Midshipman Blanchard, a prize to the 'Porpoise'. 

On the 10th also arrived at Charleston the U. S. 
Schooner 'Revenge', Sailing Master R. I. Cox, from a 
cruise to the southward. On Saturday, the 2d instant, 
called off St. Augustine ; landed Gen. Scott and Col. 
Archer, from St. Mary's." 

"March 6, 1822. 
"More Piracy". 

"Extract of a letter from Capt. Rufus Frink, of the 
schooner 'Shepherdess', dated Havana, Feb. 2, to his 
owner in Warren, R. I. : 

"I arrived at Matanzas on the 29th ult., but finding the 
markets extremely unfavorable, I thought it would be 
most for the interest of the voyage to proceed to Havana, 
for which place 1 accordingly sailed on the 31st ult., at 4 
o'clock P. M., with a fine breeze. At about 2 o'clock A. 
M. I discovered a boat in shore of me standing to the 
eastward, and was apprehensive that it was a pirate. 
Thinking to avail myself of the assistance and protection 
of the steamboat, then in sight, I continued my course. 
The steamboat more rapidly approached, and the pirates 
being nearly abreast of me, it being now 8 o'clock in the 
morning, I made signs to the steamboat for assistance. 
The pirates, thinking probably that they would not have 
time to effect their object before she came up, hauled their 
wind in shore ; not so far, however, but that the steamboat 
passed them within half pistol shot, without taking the 



80 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

least notice of them. She also passed by us, totally re- 
gardless of our signal of distress and the maneuvering of 
the pirates, whose object she could not possibly have mis- 
taken. A calm now succeeding, the steamboat was soon 
out of sight. Being thus abandoned, and in a defence- 
less situation, the only alternative that remained was to 
secrete my most valuable property and resign myself to 
their barbarity. The pirates now returned and boarded 
us. After having secured the mate and crew, beating 
them at the same time most inhumanly with swords and 
cutlasses, they ordered me into the cabin and demanded 
my money or my life, attempting at the same time to cut 
my throat. I then surrendered up to them about 60 dol- 
lars ; but this only increased their savage ferocity to ob- 
tain more, and threatened to murder me and burn my 
vessel instantly, unless I gave up all I had. But as I per- 
sisted in saying that it was all I had by me, they ceased 
beating me for a moment, and commenced a general pil- 
lage of the cabin, and after rifling it of everything to the 
amount of a rial, they ordered me on deck and com- 
menced beating me again with increased barbarity. Be- 
ing nearly exhausted in consequence of their inhuman 
cruelty, they ordered me to rig a rope to hang me with, 
and threatened to put it into execution instantly unless I 
gave them more money. At this moment I cast my eyes 
towards the stern of my vessel and saw that she was on 
fire. They immediately charged me with having kindled 
it, and began to beat me again most unmercifully. They, 
however, extinguished the fire before it had arrived to a 
dangerous extent. 

"Seeing there was no chance for my life unless I made a 
total surrender of all my property, I entreated them to 
spare my life and I would give them more money. After 
having surrendered up all I had, they insisted on more, 
and again commenced the savage work of beating me, and 
finally forced me overboard. They then cast loose the 
stern boat and let her go adrift. I was not so far ex- 
hausted but that I was able to recover the vessel. 

{To be continued.} 



GROVELAND CHURCH RECORDS. 



Admissions. 

William Balch, from First Church, Beverly, John Pem- 

berton from Haverhill, and Ezra Rolf from Newbury, 

June 7, 1727. 
Martha, wife of John Pemberton, from Haverhill, July 

28, 1727. 
Eliezer Burbank and Lydia, his wife, from Bradford, Feb. 

2, 1729. 
Sarah, wife of John Hopkinson, from Bradford, Jan. 31, 

1732. 
Ruth Kimball, wife of Joseph Hardy, from Bradford, 

Mar. 24, 1732. 
Caleb Burbank, from Byfield, Mar. 24, 1732. 
Dr. Ezekiel Chase, from Newbury, Nov. 30, 1733. 
Priscilla, wife of Dr. Ezekiel Chase, from Groton, Nov. 

30, 1733. 
Miriam Bailey, wife of Moses Tyler, from Chester, N. H., 

Dec. 8, 1734. 
Thomas Merrill and wife Abigail, from Salisbury, June 

11, 1736. 
John Eliot, from Wenham, Jan. 27, 1739. 
Lydia, wife of Jonathan Tenney, from Bradford, Jan. 18, 

1740. 
Susannah, wife of Samuel Stickney, from Second Church, 

Haverhill, Apr. 17, 1743. 
Dorothy, wife of Thomas Stickney, from Lexington, Aug 

7, 1747. 
Susannah, wife of Joseph Hardy, from Salem, N. H., 

Nov. 3, 1765. 
James Palmer, Jr., and wife Mary, from Narragansett No. 

1, June 4, 1769. 
Anna Chase, wife of William Bailey, from Second Church, 

Newbury, Jan. 15, 1775. 
Ebenezer Dutch, from First Church, Ipswich, Nov. 14, 

1779. 
Nathaniel Mitchell and wife Abigail, from Dracut, 1783. 
Ruth, wife of Nathaniel Parker, from First Church, New- 
bury port, Apr., 1784. 

(81) 



82 GROVELAND CHURCH RECORDS 

Thomas Morse and wife Rebecca, from Pembroke, N. H., 

Mar., 1791. 
Phineas Carlton, from Bradford, May 1, 1792. 
Pbebe Eaton, wife Ebenezer Dutch, from West Church, 

Haverhill, May 2, 1800. 

Dismissions. 

Stephen Merrill and wife Abiah, to Methuen, Mar. 29, 

1731. 
Francis Wooster and wife Abigail, to Sandwich, N. H., 

Oct. 24, 1731. 
Hannah Stuart, Elizabeth Stuart and Sarah Palmer, to 

, Jan. 31, 1732. 

Dorothy, wife of Nathaniel Kimball, to Bradford, June 

1, 1732. 
Ednah, wife of Jonathan Griffin, to Newbury, June 12, 

1732. 
Jane, wife of John Harriman, to Second Church, Rowley, 

Dec. 20, 1732. 
Jerusha, wife of Richard Boynton, to Second Church, 

Rowley, Dec. 20, 1732. 
Margaret, wife of Benjamin George, to Third Church, 

Newbury, Jan. 3, 1734. 
Jonathan Stickney, to First Church, Bradford, Jan. 6, 

1734. 
William Wooster, to Newbury, Jan. 13, 1734. 
Sarah, wife of Thomas Bryant, to Reading, Dec. 2, 1737. 
Hannah, wife of Samuel Smith, to Suncook, N. H., May 

3, 1738. 
Eliezer Burbank and wife Mercie, to Tewksbury, May 27, 

1738. 
Elizabeth, wife of Jonathan Russell, to Tewksbury, June 

24, 1739. 
Benjamin Wooster, to First Church, Haverhill, Sept. 4, 

1740. 
Mary, wife of Daniel Dresser, to Second Church, Rowley, 

Jan. 20, 1741. 
Mehitable, wife of Seth Jewett, to Tewksbury, June 21, 

1741. 
Dr. Ezekiel Chase and wife Priscilla, to Nottingham, 
N. H., Nov. 1, 1741. 



GROVELAND CHURCH RECORDS 83 

Bethiah, wife of William Hutchins, to Harvard, Mar. 28, 

1742. 
Eunice Foster, to Grafton, Aug. 28, 1743. 
Samuel Jewett and wife Ruth, to Nottingham, N. H., June 

10, 1744. 
Mary, wife of Moses Wooster, Jr., to Tewksbury, June 

10, 1744. 
Edward Bailey and wife Elizabeth, to Spicket (Methuen), 

July 8, 1744. 
James Jewett, to Nottingham, Sept. 8, 1745. 
Judith Watson, to Kensington, N. H., Oct. 7, 1745. 
Eliezer Burbank and wife Lydia, to Second Church, Row- 
ley, Dec. 14, 1 745. 
Mary, wife of Joshua Warner, to Harvard, Jan. 12, 1746. 
Hannah, wife of Thomas Lull, to Byfield, Feb. 2, 1746. 
Samuel Huchins and wife Mercie, to Chelmsford, Feb. 23, 

1746. 
Dorothy Lacy, to West Church, Boxford, June 21, 1747. 
Daniel Burbank, to Sutton, Apr. 17, 1748. 
Abigail, wife of Thomas Merrill, to Second Church, Row- 
ley, 1750. 
Phebe Dow, to South Hampton, N. H., July 3, 1751. 
Rebecca, wife of John Tucker, to Hampstead, Caleb 

Burbank to Byfield, . 

Jonathan Hopkinson and wife Margaret, to Bradford, June 

21, 1752. 
Bridget, widow of John Pemberton, to Tewksbury, Oct. 

1, 1753. 
Sarah, wife of Benjamin Scott, to Tolland, Oct. 15, 1753. 
Thomas Hardy and wife Anna, to Woburn, June 29, 1755. 
Samuel Burbank and wife Eunice, to Nottingham, July 

29, 1755. 
Mary, wife of Daniel Barker, to Byfield, Jan. 5, 1758. 
Margaret, wife of Jacob Hills, to Chester, N. H., Jan. 15, 

1758. 

Martha, wife of Benjamin Pettingell, to Plaistow, . 

Ebenezer Curtis and wife Elizabeth, to Boxford, May 4' 

1759. 
Lydia, wife of John Wood well, to South Church, An- 

dover, Apr. 1, 1760. 
Bethiah Procter, to Chelmsford, Nov. 16, 1761. 



84 GROVELAND CHURCH RECORDS 

Mary, wife of Daniel Spofford, to Townsend, Jan. 24 y 

1762. 
Ruth, wife of Dea. John Boynton, and Lydia, wife of 

John Boynton, 2d, to Hollis, N. H., Feb. 22, 1762. 
Ebenezer Bailey and wife Sarah and Jeremiah Bailey, to 

West Church, Haverhill, May 2, 1762. 
John Goss and wife Mehitable, to Haverhill, Nov. 2, 1762. 
Mary, wife of William Pillsbury, to Byfield, May 20, 

1763. 
John Hopkinson, John Hopkinson, Jr., and wife Rebecca, 

to Narragansett No. 1, Mar. 23, 1764. 
Nathaniel Jewett and wife Susanna, to Hollis, N. H., 

Mar. 23, 1764. 
Mary Jewett, to Hollis, N. H., Nov. 2, 1764. 
Nathan Bailey and wife Mary, to South Church, Andover, 

Nov. 7, 1764. 
Edmund Hardy and wife Ruth, to Pelham, N. H., Oct. 1, 

1765. 
Thomas Hardy and wife Lydia, to Westford, Oct. 2, 1766. 
Philip Hardy and wife Lydia, to Pelham, N. H., Sept. 29, 

1766. 
Moses Hardy, Jr., and wife Miriam, to Dunstable, Sept. 

3, 1769. 
Job Hardy and wife Hannah, to Pelham, N. H., June 21, 

1770. 
Jeremiah Eames and wife Jane, to Hollis, N, H., Sept. 22, 

1771. 
John Elliot and wife Sarah, to Mason, N. H., Aug. 23, 

1772. 
Joshua Attwood and wife Mehitable, to Pelham, N. H., 

June 21, 1773. 
Samuel Bailey, and Eliner, wife of John Webb, to the 

South Church, Andover, Oct. 21, 1776. 
Daniel Tenney and wife Joanna, to Derry, N. H., Nov. 22, 

1784. 
James Palmer, Jr., and wife Mary, to Derry, N. H., May 

14, 1787. 
Job Bailey and wife Mehitable, to Wilton, N. H., May 10, 

1795. 



NEWBURY CHURCH RECORDS 85 

Eliphalet Hardv and wife Mehitable, to Pelham, N. H., 

Aug. 1, 1799. 
Judith, wife of Ephraim Weston, to Haverhill, N. H., 

Nov. 22, 1799. 
Daniel Hardy and wife Sarah, to Pelham, N. H., Oct. 2, 

1800. 



NEWBURY CHURCH RECORDS. 



Admissions to the Third Church (now the 
Unitarian). 



Abigail, wife of John Kent, Jr. (Abigail, wife of John 
Stickney, since the wife of Capt. Johnson, since the 
wife of Joseph Swasey); Elizabeth Anderton ; Mar- 
tha Toppan, widow, since the wife of Jonathan 
Woodman ; Elizabeth, wife of Josiah Bartlet ; Pru- 
dence, wife of Jonathan Dole ; all from Second 
Church, Newbury. 

Thomas Atkinson and wife Mary, from Hampton Falls, 
Mar., 1726. 

Hannah, wife of Col. Richard Kent, from Charlestown, 
June 5, 1726. 

Leonard Cotton and wife, from Hampton Falls, July 3, 
1726. 

Hannah, wife of John Tucker, from Charlestown, July 3, 
1726. 

Ann, wife of William Titcomb ; Judith, wife of Thomas 
Moody ; Martha, wife of Capt. William Johnson ; 
Deborah, wife Eleazer Hudson, since Stevens ; Jo- 
anna, wife of Capt. Michael Hodge ; Sarah, wife of 
Benjamin Woodbridge, widow Mary Somerby ; Jane, 
wife of Dea. Abiel Somerby ; Esther, wife of Abra- 
ham Toppan ; Mary, wife of Benajah Titcomb, Jr.; 
Abigail, wife of Joshua Beck ; Ann, wife of Joseph 
Titcomb ; Ann, wife of William Salmon ; Mary, wife 



86 NEWBURY CHURCH RECORDS 

of Joseph Poor ; Elizabeth, wife of Edward Poor ; 
Hannah, wife of Peter Godfrey ; Sarah, wife of Wil- 
liam Moulton ; Elizabeth, wife of Joseph Morse ; 
Sarah Titcomb ; Apphia, wife of William Titcomb, 
Jr., Elizabeth, wife of Mr. Anderton ; Hannah, wife 
of Ambrose Berry ; Abigail Woodman ; Mary Tit- 
comb, since wife of Jeremiah Pierson, all from First 
Church, Newbury, Aug. 7, 1726. 

Mary, wife of Samuel Kenney, from Second Church, 
Newbury, Oct. 2, 1726. 

Elizabeth Pillsbury, wife of Henry, from Salisbury, Mar. 
5, 1726-27. 

Abigail, wife of Benjamin Greenleaf, from Boston, Oct. 

1, 1727. 

Stephen Swett, Jr., Widow Rachel Poor, Widow Rachel 
Brown, Widow Rebecca Smith, Rachel Brown, Jr., 
from First Church, Newbury, Oct. 1, 1727. 

Isaac Ilsley and Abigail, his wife, from First Church, 
Newbury, June 1, 1728. 

John Worster and Daniel Worster, from Bradford, June 

2, 1728. 

Edward Emerson, from Chelmsford, Aug. 3, 1728. 

Ann, wife of Joseph Stevens, from Boston, Dec. 1, 1728. 

William Moulton, from Second Church, Newbury, May 4, 

1729. 
Miriam, wife of Moses Titcomb, from Amesbury, Apr. 5, 

1730. 
Sarah, wife of Ambrose Berry, and Elizabeth, wife of 

Isaac Hall, from First Church, Newbury, Nov. 1, 

1730. 
Elizabeth, wife of Mr. Rich, from First Church, Newbury, 

Oct. 3, 1731. 
Lydia, wife of John Decker, from Salisbury, Oct. 3, 1731. 
Mary, wife of Peter Godfrey, and Hannah, wife of John 

Kent, from Amesbury, Aug. 6, 1732. 
Jonathan Griffin, from Second Church, Newbury, and 

Edna, his wife, from Bradford, Aug. 6, 1732. 
Wife of Samuel Greenleaf, from First Church, Newbury, 

Nov. 5, 1732. 
Elizabeth, wife of William Dunn, from Boston, Jan. 6, 

1733-34. 



NEWBURY CHURCH RECORDS 87 

Margaret, wife of Beujamin George, from Second Church, 

Bradford, Feb. 3, 1733-34. 
Millee, wife of Enoch Poor, from First Church, Newbury, 

May 5, 1734. 
Mary, wife of Benjamin Sweet, from First Church, New- 
bury, Aug. 4, 1734. 
Sarah, wife of Henry Lunt, from First Church, Newbury, 

Oct. 6, 1734. 
John Brown, from First Church, Newbury, Nov. 3, 1734. 
Gideon Tirrell, once of the Church of England, then of 

Weymouth, then Salisbury, Sept. 7, 1735. 
Philip Coombs, from Kittery, Feb. 1, 1735-36. 
Daniel Coffin and wife Rebecca, from First Church, New- 
bury, Dec. 5, 1736. 
Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Todd, from First Church, 

Newbury, Mar. 6, 1736-37. 
Nathaniel Carter, from New North Church, Boston, June 

5, 1737. 
Nathaniel Brown, from Salisbury, Feb. 5, 1737-38. 
Abigail, wife of John Sticknev, from Hampton, July 2, 

1738. 
Thomas Savage, from First Church, Boston, Aug. 6, 1738. 
Capt. Edmund Greenleaf and wife, from First Church, 

Newbury, Nov. 5, 1738. 
Mary, wife of Jonathan Satchel], from Second Church, 

Gloucester, July 6, 1740. 
Hannah, wife of Enoch Plummer, from Kittery, Nov. 2, 

1740. 
Benjamin Woodman, from Byfield, Sept. 6, 1741. 
William Noyes, from Braintree, Oct. 4, 1741. 
Hannah, wife of Nathaniel Little, from Rowley, June 6, 

1742. 
Wife of William Cooch, from First Church, Newbury, 

July 3, 1743. 
Joshua Moodey, Samuel Plumer and wife, from First 

Church, Newbury, Feb. 5, 1743-44. 
Thomas Merrill and wife Sarah, from Salisbury, Feb. 5, 

1743-44. 
Joseph Coffin and wife Abigail, from the New North 

Church, Boston, Apr. 1, 1744. 
Nathaniel Forster, from Ipswich, May 3, 1744. 



88 NEWBURY CHURCH RECORDS 

Sarah, wife of Joseph Lunt, from Andover, Sept. 2, 1744. 
Ann, wife of Abel Merrill, from Amesbury, Nov. 4, 1744. 
Richard Greenough, from Second Church, Newbury, Jan. 

5, 1745-46. 
Dr. John Newman and wife Elizabeth, from Hampton, 

May 3, 1747. 
William Harvey, from Amesbury, Apr. 7, 1751. 
Judith, wife of William Harvey, from Amesbury, June, 

1751. 
Joseph Frothingham and wife, from Charlestown, Oct. 6, 

1754. 
Mary, wife of Jeremiah Wheelwright, from Gloucester, 

Aug. 3, 1755. 
Sarah, wife of Matthew Pettingell, from West Parish, 

Haverhill, June 8, 1766. 
Thomas Cary, from First Parish, Haverhill, May 11, 1768. 
Theophilus Bradbury and wife, from Portland, Sept. 23, 

1788. 
John Andrews, from Cambridge, Nov. 30, 1788. 
Sally, wife of Seth Sweetser, from Charlestown, June 7, 

1801. 
Oliver Prescott and wife Anne, from Groton, Jan., 1816. 



Dismissions from the Third Church (now the 
Unitarian), Newburyport. 

Benjamin Bradstreet, to Gloucester, June, 1728. 
Lydia, wife of Evans Jones, to Methuen, June 7, 1731. 
John Moodey, to Newmarket, bet. 1726 and 1728. 
Joseph Bayley to Falmouth, bet. 1726 and 1728. 
Deborah Hudson, afterwards wife of Joseph Bayley, to 

Falmouth, bet. 1726 and 1728. 
Dorothy Rolf, afterwards wife of Tristram Greenleaf, to 

Second Church, Newbury, bet. 1726 and 1728. 
Sarah, wife of Benjamin Bradstreet, to Gloucester, 1728. 
Moses Pierson, to Falmouth, bet. 1728 and 1732. 
Gideon and wife Abigail Bartlet, to Newton, N. H., bet. 

1728 and 1732. 
Mary, wife of John Worster, to B oxford, 1732. 



NEWBURY CHURCH RECORDS 89 

Hannah Goodridge, afterwards wife of Jonathan Sibley, 
to Stratham, David Stevens to North Yarmouth, 
Jonathan Sibley to Stratham, all between 1732 and 
1739. 

Mary Swain, to Reading, Oct. 1, 1739. 

.Jane Fowler and Mary Davis, to Amesbury, abt. 1739. 

Elizabeth, wife of Daniel Chase, to Rumford, Jan., 
1737-38. 

Nicholas Webster to Pembroke, Jonathan Morse to Fal- 
mouth ; Sarah, wife of Philip Hodgkins, to Falmouth; 
George Knight and wife Judith, to Falmouth; An- 
drew Croswell, to Groton, Conn.; Joseph Harradin 
and wife Joanna, to Gloucester ; Hannah, wife of 
Samuel Allen, to Manchester ; Moses Stockman, to 
Salisbury; Anna and Eleanor Putnam, to Tewks- 
bury ; Elizabeth, wife of David Bayley, to Tewks- 
bury ; Abigail, wife of James Viscount, to New 
North Church, Boston ; Jonathan and David Bayley, 
to Tewksbury ; Elizabeth, wife of Moses Samborne, 
to Hampton Falls ; Widow Priscilla Perkins, to Row- 
ley, all bet. 1740 and 1790. 

Gideon Tirrell and wife, to Kingston, Dec. 4, 1740. 

Stephen Swett, Jr., to Salisbury, Apr., 1754. 

Isaac Ilsley and wife Abigail, to Falmouth ; John Wors- 
ter, to Boxford, and Experience Bayley, widow, to 
Tewksbury, bet. 1740 and 1754. 

John Kent, Jr., to Canterbury, N. H., Feb., 1792. 



OLD NORFOLK COUNTY RECORDS. 



(Continued from Volume LVII1, page $440 



Edward ffox of Hampton, planter, in consideration of a 
gunn and certain fencing, conveys to Nath 11 Boulter of 
same town, yeoman, about one hundred and forty acres of 
land in Hampton, formerly granted to Jn° Garland of 
Hampton, and by him sold to me, the sd. ffox, at a place 
called Hampton new plantation, according to ye town's 
grant, as it shall hereafter be layd out to ye sd Boulter. 
Jan. 6, 1677. Wit: Henry Dow and Nath' 1 Weare. Ack. 
by Edward [his O mark] ffox, April 1, 1678, before Sam 11 
Dalton, commissioner. 

Georg Goldwyer of Salisbury, yeoman, and wife Mar- 
tha, for six and forty pounds sterling, convey to Peter 
Coffyn of Cochequo in Pascataqua river, in ye county of 
Dover and Portsmouth, about six score acres of land, with 
all ye wood, trees and timber thereupon, being all my 
great division of upland, lying above ye mill, between ye 
lots of Edward ffrench, late of Salisbury, deceased, and 
ye widdow Willix, now in possession of Joseph ffrench. 
May 11, 1678. Wit: Tho : Bradbury and Phillip Grele. 
Ack. by Georg [his O mark] Goldwyer, May 16, 1678, 
before Jo : Woodbridg, commissioner. 

Georg Goldwyer of Salisbury, yeoman, for a bill of 
thirty-one pounds sterling, and also forty pound more in 
other good pay, conveys to Peter Coffyne of Cochecho, 
upon ye river of Pascatoquack, in ye county of Dover and 
Portsmouth, mar cht , oue full and compleat halfe part of 
my planting lott (ye whole lott being about twenty acres) 
lying next to Mr. Wocester's planting lott; also one halfe 
part of my great meadow lott at little river (ye whole 
lott being sixteen acres, as by records doth appeare), ye 
sd lands being in Salisbury, originally belonging to Mr. 
Sam 11 Dudley, as by grant of ye sd towne doth appeare, 
Peter Coffyn to have sd lands ymeadiately after my de- 
cease, not any part before. May 4, 1678. Wit: Tho: 

(90) 



OLD NORFOLK COUNTY RECORDS 91 

Bradbury and Phillip Grele. Ack. by George [his O 
mark] Goldwyer, his wife consenting thereto, May 16, 
1678, before Jo : Woodbridg, commissioner. 

In consideration of the release of a contract and inter- 
est therein, by Sam 11 Colby of Arnesbury, concerning the 
exchange of a frame for a barn and land upon which it 
stood in Amesbury, being betwixt the dwelling houses of 
said Colby and Thos. Wells of Amesbury. The said 
Wells and Mary his wife release to said Colby all interest 
in another frame primarily built for a barn which I re- 
ceived from Colby in exchange for premises lately erected 
upon my land in that part commonly called Veanes lott, 
and do convey to said Coleby thirty rods of ground in 
Amesbury at the lower end of said lot, running not far 
from Wells front gate by the side of Mr. Wells little old 
house from the fence as it now stands, giving said Colby 
leave to remove any building, fencing, hay, dung, corne, 
or other materials or utensils which are at present upon 
the bargained premises. May 14, 1678. Wit : Sam 11 
Wood, Jno. Wood. Ack. by Mr. Tho. Wells, May 16, 
1678, before Sam 11 Dalton, commissioner. 

William Barnes of Amesbury, carpenter, and wife 
Rachel, conveyed to James ffreeze of same town, about 
thirty acres upland in Amesbury, with all timber, etc., 
thereto belonging, west of Coblers brook, near a place 
called Jamayca, bounded by land of Jno. Hoyts, jun., by 
Willi. Osgood, sen., and by Nathan Gold. Dec. 16, 1670. 
Wit : Richard Currier and Tho: Currier. Ack. by Wil- 
liam [his T mark] Barnes, May 6, 1678. before Sam 11 Dal- 
ton, commissioner. 

Thomas Marston of Hampton, yeoman, for twenty 
pounds, conveyed to his sone John Marston of same town, 
about six acres upland in Hampton, as it is layd out, with 
an addition of swamp at south end, being about three 
acres, as it was layd out, also in Hampton, butting upon 
land some time of John Browne, upon John Smith and 
Jeames Hobbs or Morris Hobbs. Only reserving unto my 
owne use two acres of sd upland during ye terme of my 
life if I shall have occasion to use it for planting, and ye 
priviledg of keeping a horse for my owne use in ye swamp 



92 OLD NORFOLK COUNTY RECORDS 

when I shall have occasion. June 3, 1678. Wit: Henry- 
Dow and Joseph Dow. Ack. by Tho : Marston, June 8, 
1678, before Sam 11 Dal ton, commissioner. 

John Brown, sen., of Hampton, for naturall affection 
and fatherly love for my well beloved daughter Elizabeth 
Marston of Hampton, and for other considerations, con- 
veyed to sd Elizabeth one small tract of land of a quarter 
of an acre in Hampton, bounded by land of William ful- 
lers and land of my owne, also have delivered to Isaac 
Marston a small piece of sd land for thj use of Elizabeth. 
March 18, 1678. Wit: John Redman and Ephraim 
Marston. Ack. by John [his I B mark] Brown, May 23, 
1678, before Sam 11 Dalton, commissioner. 

John Brown, sen., of Hamilton, for yt. naturall affec- 
tion and fatherly love for my well beloved son-in-law, 
Isaac Marston, of same town, conveyed to sd Marston one 
share of ye oxe common in Hampton, delivering also to 
said Marston one coyned piece of sylver comonly two 
pence. April 4, 1677. Wit : John Redman and Edward 
Colcord. Ack. by Tho. [his I B mark] Brown, sen., May 
23, 1678, before Sam 11 Dalton, commissioner. 

Robert fford of Haverhill, Mary his wife consenting 
thereto, conveyed to William Hu tellings of Merimack a 
certain parcell of meadow in Haverhill, commonly called 
Beare Meadow, being one half of meadow laid out to 
Theophilus Satchwell, formerly of Haverhill. Sd Hutchins 
to take his halfe of the meadow at one end next adjoining 
Thomas Whittier and Robert Ayers, the said half to be 
divided to him by persons indifferently chosen, and also to 
be in like manner free from any claim of the heirs of 
Steven Kent of Haverhill, that might arise from former 
bargains between Satchwell and sd. Kent. Jan. 5, 1671. 
Ack. by Robert fford, Feb. 5, 1671, before Nath u Salton- 
stall, commissioner. 

Mortgage deed, Edward Colcord of Hampton, yeoman, 
for thirteen pounds due to Hugh Marsh of Nubery, vint- 
ner, conveyed to sd Marsh fower acres salt marsh in a field 
of marsh comonly called ye Spring marshes, bounded by 
Capt. Bradbury, John Redman and Abraham Perkins. 
June 11, 1678. Wit : Mehetabel Dalton. Ack. by Ed- 



OLD NORFOLK COUNT* RECORDS 9S 

ward Colcord, June 11, 1678, before Sam 11 Dalton, com- 
missioner. 

Discharge of foregoing mortgage of Edward Colcord, 
signed by Hugh Marsh, Nov. 1, 1678, before John Wood- 
bridg, commissioner. 

John Jemson of Amsbery, husbandman, and Hester, his 
wife, for twenty pounds, conveyed to Mr. Willi: Simonds 
of Wells, about fower score acres of land in Amsbery, 
bounded by Jarrett Haddons, Henry Blasdell and Richard 
Currier. June 7, 1678. Wit: Samuel Symonds, Mary 
[her M mark] Conant. Ack. by John [his W mark] 
Jemson, June 7, 1678, before Samuel Symonds, Dep* 
Gove r . 

Richard Goodale of Salisbury, turner, and Mary, his 
wife, for seventeen pounds, conveyed to Onesiphirus 
Page twenty acres of upland in Salisbury, which was 
given unto mee by my father, Richard Goodale, late of 
Salisbury, deceased, as doth appear by his last will on 
record in Norfolk County court, sd twenty acres being my 
father's proportion of ye five hundred acres of land for- 
merly granted by ye towne of Salisbury to ye inhabitants 
thereof, as doth appeare by towne book of records. Sd 
land being in two divisions, viz. seventeen acres lying 
between land of Cornelius Conner (bought by him of my 
grandfather, Richard Goodale, sometime of Salisburv, 
deceased), and land now of John Clough, jun., butting 
upon highway leading to Hampton and upon Good ale's 
swamp, commonly so called. The other three acres lying 
between ye land formerly of John Rolfs, now in ye hands 
of John Stockman and the towns common land, upon ye 
highway leading to Hampton and ye Towns comon. Feb. 
2,1677. Wit: William Bradbury and John Bradbury. 
Ack. by Richard Goodale and Mary [her M mark] Good- 
ale, 14. 12 m° 1677, before Sam 11 Dalton, commissioner. 

John Brown, sen., of Hampton, yeoman, conveyed to 
Dan 11 Lamprill one share of ye cowes comon in Hampton, 
also one right of ye north division, as it is alreadj' layd 
out between Exite r bounds and ye sea. Oct. 22, 1677. 
Wit : Sam 11 Dalton and Abraham Cole. Ack. by Jn° 



94 OLD NORFOLK COUNTY RECORDS 

[his I B mark] Brown, sen., 14. 9. 1677, before Sam 11 Dal- 
ton, commissioner. 

Tho : Bradbury of Salisbury, planter, for five pounds 
ten shillings, conveyed to John Redman, jun r of Hamp- 
ton, blacksmith, all my parcell of sault marsh in Hamp- 
ton, which was taken from Edward Colcord, sen., of 
Hampton, to satisfy a judgment granted to sd Tho : Brad- 
bury by Hampton Court, May 30, 1676. Sd. marsh being 
in a place called ye Spring marshes, containing about an 
acre and twenty nine rod, bounded by marshes of John 
Redman, Abraham Pirkins and Edward Colcord. July 15, 
1678. Wit : Sam 11 Dalton, Sen. and William Bradbury. 
Ack. by Cap* Thomas Bradbury and M s Mary Bradbury, 
his wife, July 15, 1678, before Samuel Dalton, commis- 
sioner. 

Execution against Edward Colcord for himself and as 
administrator to the estate of his son Edward Colcord, 
deceased, to satisfy judgment granted Mr. Will. Bradbury 
at Salisbury Court, April 9, 1678, of 91i. 3s. in marchant- 
able white oake hogshead staves and heading or white 
pine boards at 40s. per thousand, to be delivered at ye 
fals landing place in Hampton, dated May 24, 1678, and 
served by Henry Dow, marshall of Norfolk County. Re- 
turn was made by said marshall upon order of Mr. Wil- 
liam Bradbury (sd Bradbury not being present) by attach- 
ment of about 3 acres salt marsh, with pond, in Hamp- 
ton, owned by Mr. Edward Colcord, appraised by Thomas 
Marston, chosen by said Bradbnry, and William Sanborn, 
chosen by Ed. Colcord, said marsh being near ye sea in 
ye Springs marshes, so called, bounded by ye beach river 
and marshes of Ed. Colcord, Abraham Pirkins and John 
Redman. Dated July 19, 1678. 

George Goldwyer of Salisbury, yeoman, for thirty 
pounds payed for me to Major Richard Waldern of 
Quocheco in Pascataqua River by Robert Downer of Sal- 
isbury, house carpenter, conveyed to sd Downer all my 
pasture in Salisbury, both upland, swamp, meadow, or 
marsh, adjoining to ye great neck, bounded by ye meadow 
of John Stevens and Caleb Moudies pasture. April 20, 
1678. Wit: Tho: Bradbury and Phillip Grele. Ack. 



OLD NORFOLK COUNTY RECORDS 95 

by Georg [his O mark] Goldwyer, M s Goldwyer surrender- 
ing her right of Dowrie, Aug. 16, 1678, before Richard 
Waldern, commissioner. 

William Sterling of Haverhill, shipwright, for thirty- 
eight pounds, conveys to Symon Lynde of Boston, mer- 
chant, my quarter part of ye sawmill at Haverhill, upon 
ye sd sawmill river, also ye dams, ponds, saws, iron worke 
utensils thereunto belonging ; also one full quarter part 
of all ye grants for lands, tymber, meadowes, privilidges, 
comonages, benefitts or conveniences granted for ye use or 
benefitt of ye aforsd mill or proprietors thereof by ye 
town of Haverhill or any others. Nov. 3, 1677. Wit: 
Mary [her ma mark] Waller and Elizabeth Lynde. Ack. 
by William Stirling and Mary, his wife, Aug. 7, 1678, 
before Nath 11 Saltonstall, commissioner. 

Thomas Webster of Hampton, planter, for twelve 
pounds, conveyed to William Samborn, sen., of Hampton, 
one halfe of ye house lott in Hampton, formerly of Wil- 
liam Cole, late of Hampton, deceased, butting upon ye 
meeting house green, land of Abraham Drake, and land 
of Mr. Sam 11 Dalton. May 29, 1678. Wit: Tho : Mars- 
ton and Abraham Perkins. Ack. by grantor, May 29, 
1678, and by Sarah, his wife, who resigned her right of 
dower, 17. 4 mo. 1679, before Sam 11 Dalton, commissioner. 
Edward Colcord of Hampton, yeoman, for a parcell of 
white oake pipestaves received of Tho : Wiggin and Capt 
Barefoot, conveyed to Robert Evens of Quochecho about 
fower acres of fresh meadow in Hampton, which was for- 
merly granted to Mr. Wm. Wakefield and sold unto mee, 
ye sd Colcord, near ye beach. Aug. 20, 1669. Wit : 
John Smith. Ack. by grantor, 20. 6 mo. 1669, before 
Sam 11 Dalton, commissioner. 

Isaac Pirkins of Hampton, yeoman, for natural love 
and affection to my sone Caleb Pirkins, and also in con- 
sideration of his part and proportion of my estate, con- 
veyed to sd Caleb Pirkins fower acres of upland in Hamp- 
ton, lying most convenient about his house, as it now 
standeth, being part of my farme ; also six acres salt 
marsh in a cove near to Salisbury Island. Sept. 19, 1674. 
Wit: Sam 11 Dalton and Timothie Dalton. Ack. by grantor, 
Sept. 19, 1678, before Sam 11 Dalton, commissioner. 



96 OLD NORFOLK COUNTY RECORDS 

William Bradbury of Salisbury, for seven pounds, five 
shillings, conveyed to Benjamin ffifeild of Hampton, 
weaver, about three acres of salt marsh, with ye pond and 
all, in Hampton, which was taken by virtue of an execu- 
tion from Edward Colcord, sen., of Hampton, to satisfy a 
judgement acknowledged unto mee, ye sd Bradbury, at 
Salisbury Court, April 9, 1678. Sd marsh being in a 
place commonly called ye Spring, near ye sea, bounded 
with ye beach river and marshes of sd Colcord, Abraham 
Perkins and John Redman. Sept. 17,1678. Wit: Tho : 
Bradbury, John Stanian and Henry True. Act. by grantor, 
Oct. 8, 1678, at Hampton Court, before Tho : Brad- 
bury, rec d . 

Robert Swan of Haverhill, for eight mares, conveyed 
to Thomas Baker of Topsfeild, fower score and fowerteen 
acres of upland in Haverhill, bounded with ye Merimack 
liver, ye land of John Heath, Haverhill comon, and land 
of Henry Palmer. Also sixteen acres of meadow, part 
of which is within ye bounds of ye fore mentioned land ; 
also two acres of meadow bounded with land of Obadia : 
Eyers, Robert Swan, and ye comon. July 1, 1664. With 
Nathaniel Smith and John Gould. Ack. by grantor, 
June 3, 1668, before Daniell Denison. 

Joseph Peasly of Haverhill, and Ruth, his wife, con- 
veyed to Leiu* George Brown of same place, about forty 
rods of meadow at east meadow in Haverhill, bounded, for 
a final issue of all differences there have been between us 
about meadows, by markt trees, a cart path and a brooke, 
sd land lying by meadow of Lieut. Brown and my own. 
Aug. 22, 1678. Wit: Tho: Duston and Benjamin Sin- 
gletary. Ack. by Joseph [his i h mark] Peasly, Sept. 23, 
78, before Nath 11 Saltonstall, commissioner. 

Receipt signed by Henry Roby, dated June 25, 1678, 
and given to Caleb Moudy, for full satisfaction for a fine 
that Lenard Hariman was to pay for his sone being fined 
at Hampton Court. Wit: Nathanel Clarke and Joshua 
Brown. 

(To be continued) 



THE 



ESSEX INSTITUTE 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



VOL. LIX— APRIL, 1923. 



Issued Quarterly 




SALEM, MASS. 

PRINTED FOB THE ESSEX INSTITUTE 
1923 



ESSEX INSTITUTE HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

The Historical Collections are published quarterly with illustra- 
tions, each volume containing a complete index. Subscription 
93.00 per annum. 

Entered at the Post Office in Salem, Massachusetts, as seco nd class matter. 

CONTENTS— APRIL, 1923. 

1. General Charles Lawrence Peirson. By Thomas Amory 

Lee . . . ... . . . . . 97 

2. Forty Years Ago in Salem. Extracts from the Diary of 

Francis H. Lee . .102 

3. The Suppression of Piracy in the West Indies. By 

Francis B. C. Bradlee. (Illustrated.) (Continued.) . 103 

4. The Burnap-Burnett Genealogy. By Henry Wyckoff 

Belknap. (Continued) . 153 

5. Salem Vessels and Their Voyages. By George Granville 

Patnam. (Continued.) (Illustrated). . . . . 169 

SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES. 
By George Granville Putnam. 

Figuring prominently in the East India commerce after the Revo- 
lution, was the Pepper Trade between Salem and thj^ Island of Su- 
matra, — a trade marked by romance, pathos, tragedy and prosperity. 
The first American vessel to visit the northwest coast of Sumatra 
and to bring a consignment of pepper in bulk to this country was 
the property of Salem merchants, commanded by a Salem shipmas- 
ter and manned by Salem men. 

Mr. Putnam, who is an authority on Salem shipping, has gathered 
from old newspapers and other sources the story of the sagacity 
and heroism of the men of Salem and nearby towns in bringing 
their valuable cargoes to this port, interspersed with anecdotes of 
thrilling adventures with the Malays. 

160 pp. with Index; 8vo.; 42 full-page illustrations, comprising 75 
separate pictures. Blue boards. Price, postpaid, $3.50. 



THE EASTERN RAILROAD. 
By Francis B. C. Bradlee. 

The demand for this historical work by Mr. Bradlee has been 
constant since the first edition was exhausted, and at the solicita- 
tion of those interested in railroading all over the country, this new 
edition, with additional material and illustrations, is herewith pre- 
sented. 

The Eastern Railroad, which ran from Boston to Portsmouth, 
N. H., was incorporated in 1836, and was one of the first railroads 
built in New England. 

300 copies printed; pp. 122; 24 full-page illustrations; 8vo. Cloth, 
fSJiO per volume. 

New Catalog of all Publications of the Essex Institute sent on 
application. 




GENERAL CHARLES LAWRENCE PEIRSON 






HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

OF THE 

ESSEX INSTITUTE 



Vol. LIX April, 1923 No. 2 



GENERAL CHARLES LAWRENCE PEIRSON. 



By Thomas Amory Lee. 



Charles Lawrence Peirson, Harvard, 1853, who died at 
his home, 191 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, on Janu- 
ary 23d, 1920, was one of the most distinguished officers 
of the Civil War from Massachusetts. He also achieved 
success in business after the war, at first, with General 
Robert Hooper Stevenson, under the firm name of Steven- 
son & Peirson, and later by himself as Charles L. Peirson 
& Company. 

General Peirson was born in Salem, January 15th, 1834, 
of old New England and Harvard ancestry. He was a 
son of Dr. Abel Lawrence Peirson, Harvard, 1812 (A.M., 
M. D., 1816, and Fellow of the American Academy), a 
distinguished physician of Salem, and his wife, Harriet 
Lawrence Peirson. He was also a descendant of the well- 
known Pages, of Danvers and vicinity, who played such 
a distinguished part in the first years of the Revolution, 
and of the Lawrences of Groton. General Peirson stud- 
ied engineering at the Lawrence Scientific School, and 
received his degree of S. B. from Harvard in 1853, the 
same year that his father died. After taking his degree 
he went to Minnesota, where he practiced the profession 
of civil engineering and farming on a large scale. 

At the outbreak of the Civil War, having returned to 
Boston in the meantime, he served as a corporal in the 4th 
battalion under Major, later Brigadier-General, Thomas 
Greeley Stevenson, which in the spring of 1861 did gra- 
tuitous service at Fort Warren, Boston Harbor, and having 
volunteered his services to Governor Andrew, was com- 

(97) 



98 GENERAL CHARLES LAWRENCE PEIRSON 

missioned first lieutenant and adjutant of the 20th Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Infantry, upon the recommendation of 
Lieutenant Colonel (later Brigadier General) Francis 
Winthrop Palfrey. This famous regiment was commonly 
known as the Harvard regiment, on account of the large 
number of officers who were Harvard men, including 
(besides General Peirson) Colonel William Raymond 
Lee, 1851 ; Lieutenant Colonel Francis Winthrop Palfrey, 
1851; Major, and later Brevet Brigadier General, Paul J. 
Revere, 1852 ; Dr. Edward H. R. Revere, 1849 ; Major 
Henry Livermore Abbott, 1860 ; Major Henry Lyman Pat- 
ten, 1858 ; Dr. Murdoch MacGregor, 1863 ; Captain, and 
later General, Casper Crowninshield, 1860 ; Captain, later 
Major General, William F. Bartlett, 1862 ; Captain, later 
Lieutenant Colonel, Norwood P. Hallowell, 1861; Cap- 
tain, later Lientenant Colonel, Oliver Wendell Holmes, 
Jr., 1861 ; Captain, later Brigadier General, Charles 
A. Whittier, 1860 ; the heroic James Jackson Lowell, 
1858; Henry Ropes, 1862, who was killed at Gettys- 
burg ; Arthur G. Sedgwick, 1864; Charles A. Rand, 1865; 
William Lowell Putnam, 1860, who died of his wounds 
in 1861; Sumner Payne, 1865, who was killed in 1863; 
and others. Of these men, Col. Lee, Col. Palfrey, Capt. 
Crowninshield and Lieut. Ropes were of well known Salem 
ancestry. This regiment was one of the most notable 
regiments in the service, and stands fifth on the roll of all 
the regiments that suffered the heaviest losses during the 
war. Eleven of its officers went up to general rank, most 
of them being Harvard men, as evidenced by the follow- 
ing list: Brevet Major General William F. Bartlett, 
Brevet Major General George N. Macy, Brevet Brigadier 
General William Raymond Lee, Brevet Brigadier Gen- 
eral Francis Winthrop Palfrey, Brevet Brigadier General 
Paul J. Revere, Brevet Brigadier General Charles Law- 
rence Peirson, Brevet Brigadier General Charles A. Whit- 
tier, Brevet Brigadier General Casper Crowninshield, 
Brevet Brigadier General Edward N. Hallowell, Brevet 
Brigadier General Arthur R. Curtis, Brevet Brigadier 
General Henry Lyman Patten. 

The regiment, under the command of Colonel Lee, who 
was a West Pointer of the same class as General Robert 
E. Lee, went into camp eight miles from Boston on July 



BY THOMAS AMORT LEE 99 

10th, and after organization went into camp on the upper 
Potomac, and on October 20th had its baptism of fire at 
the bloody affair of Ball's Bluff, where the losses of the 
regiment were terrible, and Colonel Lee, Major Paul Re- 
vere, Dr. Revere, Lieutenant Perry, and General (then 
Lieutenant) Peirson, were taken prisoners and confined in 
Libby prison. On January 20th, 1862, General Peirson 
was released from prison, and went at once to Washing- 
ton, where for the next eleven days he used his utmost 
endeavors to secure the exchange of his friends. It will 
be remembered that the United States Government had 
taken prisoners certain privateers, which it treated as 
pirates, and that immediately the Confederate Government 
took as hostages the seven highest ranking officers in Libby 
prison, including Colonel Lee, Major Revere, Colonel 
Cogswell and Colonel Wood, confined them in Henrico 
county jail, in a small cell, which they were forbidden to 
leave for weeks, and treated them with the utmost sever- 
ity, informing them that they would be hanged if sentence 
were executed upon the privateers. General Peirson, 
while still at Libby, with Lieutenant George B. Perry, 
Lieutenant J. H. Hooper, of the 15th Massachusetts, 
Lieutenant J. E. Green, Captain John Markoe, of the 
71st Pennsylvania, Lieutenant C. M. Hooper, of the 71st 
Pennsylvania, and W. E. Merrill, United States En- 
gineers, proposed that they be permitted to take the place 
of Colonel Lee, Major Revere, and the other officers, in a 
letter to General J. H. Winder, January 19th, 1862. It 
was thought very likely that the United States officers 
would be hanged, and no man ever did more gallant or 
chivalrous deed than did Charles Peirson when he first 
refused to leave the battlefield of Ball's Bluff, because 
his aged colonel could not swim ,and then offered his life for 
him, saying that he was young and unmarried, had few 
family ties, and that his colonel was old and married and 
had children who needed him. It was Charles Peirson 
who induced the other officers to sign this letter, and to 
him goes the credit for one of the bravest acts of the Civil 
war, though one little known. On the 31st of the month, 
General Peirson having reached Washington and having 
seen Secretary Stanton, Gen. McClellan, Senator Charles 
Sumner (1830), John M. Forbes of Boston, and Congress. 



100 GENERAL CHARLES LAWRENCE PEIRSON 

man A. H. Rice, secured an order from the War Depart- 
ment transferring the status of the privateers to that of 
prisoners of war, and thereby secured the release of his 
friends. 

Colonel Peirson then was immediately detailed for spec- 
ial service on the staff of General N. J. T. Dana, and later 
upon that of General John Sedgwick, and thus passed 
through the Peninsula campaign. While on sick leave 
from that service, he was notified of his appointment, on 
August 30th, 1862, as Lieutenant Colonel of the 39th 
Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, with which he served 
until he was severely wounded, by a cannon ball, at the 
Weldon railroad, on August 18th, 1864. He carried this 
ball until the day of his death, and the author remembers 
having seen a photograph of it taken about 1915. It was 
at one time thought he would die from the wound, but he 
at last recovered. On July 13th, 1864, he was promoted 
to be Colonel of his regiment, after the death of Colonel 
P. Stearns Davis on July 11th, but was not mustered in 
as Colonel until the 23d of November. After months of 
prostration, incident to his severe wound, and, after learn- 
ing that he would be unable to return to active duty, he 
resigned, and was mustered out of service January 11, 
1865. Upon the recommendation of Major General G. K. 
Warren, he was commissioned Colonel of Volunteers by 
Brevet, to date from March 16th, 1865, for meritorious 
conduct in the battle of the Wilderness of Spottsylvania 
in May, 1864 ; and as Brigadier General of Volunteers 
by Brevet, to date from March 13th, 1865, for gallant and 
meritorious conduct in the battle of the Weldon railroad 
in August, 1864. He served in the following battles as 
authorized by the War Department to be borne on the 
battle flags of the regiments engaged: Ball's Bluff, York- 
town, West Point, Seven Pines, Fair Oaks, Peach Orchard, 
Savage's Station, Whitebark Swamp, Glendale, Malvern 
Hill, Mine Run, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Petersburg, 
Weldon Railroad, and it will thus be seen that he was no 
mere colonel by proxy. 

After the close of the war, General Peirson formed a 
business partnership with General Robert Hooper Steven- 
son as iron merchants, and continued in this business until 



BY THOMAS AMORT LEE 101 

his retirement from business about 1907. The firm of 
Charles L. Peirson & Company succeeded that of Steven- 
son & Peirson. General Peirson was also for a number 
of years treasurer of the Lowell machine shops. 

He married, in 1873, Emily, daughter of George R. 
Russell of Boston. His wife died in 1908. General and 
Mrs. Peirson had no children. 

In 1898 General Peirson received the honorary degree 
of A. M. from Harvard ; he was an honorary member of 
the historic society of the Cincinnati (New Hampshire 
State Society) ; a prominent member of the Loyal Legion, 
of which he was State Commander in 1895 ; of the Mili- 
tary Historical Society of Massachusetts ; of the New 
England Historic Genealogical Society, and of the Essex 
Institute, and of the Royal Society of Arts of London. He 
also belonged to the Somerset and other social clubs. 

General Peirson wrote a number of papers for the Mili- 
tary Historical Society of Massachusetts, and devoted 
his leisure after his retirement from business to his coun- 
try place at Pride's Crossing, and to studies of the Civil 
War. Among his papers is one entitled "Ball's Bluff," 
which was privately reprinted, as a book, "For the in- 
formation later on of Charles Lawrence Peirson of New 
York and Charles Peirson Lyman of Massachusetts," his 
nephews and namesakes. Another of his papers, read 
before the Military Historical Society of Massachusetts, 
is "The Operations of the Army of the Potomac from 
the Seventh to the Eleventh Days of May," in Vol. 4 of its 
publications ; "A Sketch of the Page Family of Danvers" 
he also privately printed and distributed. After a severe 
illness of over a year, which left General Peirson helpless, 
he died on January 23d, 1920, and was buried in Forest 
Hills Cemetery. His nephews, Theodore Lyman, James 
S. Russell, Rodolphe Agassiz, M. H. Richardson, E. P. 
Richardson, and G. E. Benson, and R. H. Stevenson, acted 
as the ushers at his funeral, and his nephew, Prof. James 
H. Ropes of Harvard, conducted the services at the First 
Church in Boston. 

No more gallant officer or truer friend served in the 
Civil War than Charles Lawrence Peirson, and Salem 
cherishes the memory of her worthy sou. 



FORTY YEARS AGO IN SALEM. 



Extracts from the Diary of Francis H. Lee. 



The diary begins on January first, 1878, and records 
sundry small gifts from members of the family. 

Jan. 2, 1878. Borrowed of Mr. Willson Everett's 
"Science of Thought," which I am reading. 

News came of the death of William Brookhouse, son 
of R. Brookhouse, at the house of his wife's mother in 
New Hampshire. 

Jan. 3. No Oratorio rehearsal this week. I under- 
stand that in addition to Mendelssohn's "Hear My Prayer" 
and Parker's "Redemption Hymn," the society will sing 
"The Heavens are Telling," the Gloria from Mozart's 12th 
Mass, and 3 choruses for male voices. 

Jan. 5. Choir meeting. Ned singing in place of Rob. 
Arthur Clarke there. 

Jan. 6. Mr. Willson preached on Religion as having 
been inherent and constituent to man through all historic 
times. 

In afternoon went to Mr. Willson's Bible Class — after- 
wards called on Miss Savage and stayed there till nearly 
6 o'clock. She gave me most interesting information 
about Hawthorne and his sister. Mr. H.'s first visit to 
Susie Ingersoll was made with her and her sister, she in- 
troducing him. It was when he was a young man, and 
lived down town. He escorted them home, stopping, as 
it was quite cold, for them to rest at his house. He went 
in and sat in the dark, telling them stories and expressing 
his fondness for chattering in the dark. She told about 
her school days at Hittie Higginson's, and half promised 
to write out some of her reminiscences of Salem in her 
youthful days. At one time her mother and Miss Susie 
Ingersoll owned the Philip English house together. She 
gave many Hawthorne letters to Mr. Condit. Mr. Haw- 
thorne's sister lives at Beverly Farms. She once called 
to see her with May Almon ; the Mannings go there fre- 
quently. R. C. Manning has a large portrait of Haw- 
thorne. Mrs. Tuttle, on Hawthorne street, has some 
old-fashioned things which she would be glad to show me. 

(102) 



FORTY YEARS AGO IN SALEM 103 

Miss Savage had a bunch of Abigail Adams' letters she 
was reading, loaned her by Miss Osgood of Essex street, 
which formerly belonged to the wife of Rev. John Felt, 
who was a niece of the above, who was the wife of the 
first President Adams. Miss Savage has promised me 
several Hawthorne letters and a Cabot pitcher if she can 
find it. Mr. Hawthorne's father and Miss Savage's mother 
were cousins and very friendly. 

Aunt Nancy has a paper prepared by Uncle Tucker 
containing the regulations of a ladies' school which he 
established here in the building on Federal street next to 
the Tabernacle Church. This paper has the names of 
many of Salem's leading citizens at the time on it. 

Jan. 7. Thermometer this morning only 2 above zero, 
the coldest weather thus far this winter. A bright, sunny, 
clear, quiet day in the morning, with some wind later. 
John down to dinner, and brought down to introduce to 
Aunt Nancy a Mr. Brown, who is the new Trustee of the 
Cole estate. Susan King down and dined with us. John 
brought a request from Frank Cabot that his brother 
Fred should have the ring with the arms of Baron de 
Courcy given him. Its history is that Mr. John Cabot's 
father's uncle, when he was a merchant at Marseilles, had 
the ring made, and it came into the possession of his 
brother Frederick, who gave it to father. I think I am 
satisfied with my taste for family heirlooms, in being a 
little disobliging and retaining it. Father's will was pro- 
bated two weeks ago today. Judge Perkins' will was 
probated today, and according to Cur wen gives to his two 
brothers the property left him by his father, after de- 
ducting $2400 which they are to give to the judge's chil- 
dren, then a $1000 is to be spent on a monument to be 
erected over him and his first wife in the Essex Cemetery, 
and the rest of his property, his wife consenting, to his 
children, so that the story of his large bequest to Amherst 
College proves untrue. 

Sent note Sunday to August Fries proposing to resume 
violin lessons next Saturday at the usual hour. 

In the evening called on Miss Savage and lent her Em- 
erson's "Letters & Social Aims," and chatted an hour 
about the Adams', raising of plants, and other matters. 



104 FORTY TEARS AGO IN SALEM 

Alice and the Tea Party Committee had a rehearsal of 
their entertainment at the Vestry. 

News came of the sudden death of Jos. Williams' wife 
of pneumonia ; they were here about three weeks ago. 

Jan. 8. The City Governments of the State began 
their new year yesterday. Mayor Oliver's inaugural was 
one hour long ; the debt has considerably lessened. 

Called on Miss Carlton and saw Miss Sibley's old- 
fashioned bevelled looking-glass, quite an ornamented and 
unusual pattern, but sadly needing regilding. Miss Carl- 
ton gave me portraits of Dr. Barnard and Dr. Holyoke. 
She once gave Curwen an old silver snuff box dated 
about 1720, and a pile of old almanacs to the Institute. 
Miss Churchill, who lives with the Jacksons, has old Dea- 
con (grandpa) Holman's library. Received from George 
Perkins an excellent silhouette copy of Mrs. Deputy 
Dutch. 

Kitty, Sophie and I went to the second Institute Tea 
Party. The attendance was smaller than usual, owing to 
the cold and the sickness of Gedney King. About 40 
sat down to tea and some 20 more came in the evening. 
The shadow pictures representing scenes in Mother Goose 
were excellent and showed considerable skill in design. 

Jan. 9. Gedney King died at about midnight last 
night, after a week's sickness, probably of diabetes. Dr. 
Mack reports it as the only case he ever heard of, of a 
person as young as he was living along as he did with his 
disease; he was 25 years of age. 

Jan. 11. At the Fraternity with Sophie and Alice and 
gave out about 70 books. 

Called on Mr. Wm. C. Endicott, who gave me the large 
engraving of Gov. Endicott published in 1841 in New 
York by Geo. and Wm. Endicott. It is in a gilt frame. 
He showed me the original portrait of Gov. Endicott and 
also a copy of Frothingham's. 

Jan. 12. To Boston and took my 1st violin lesson 
since Father's death. We played chiefly from a collec- 
tion of Campagnoli's. I think I saw some improvement, 
tho' Mr. Fries thinks I need to play in better tune. Ged- 
ney King's funeral took place this afternoon ; a large num- 
ber present, including many of his classmates. 

(To he continued') 



THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST 

INDIES. 



By Francis B. C. Bradlee. 



(Continued from Volume LIX, page 80. .) 



"They then called up the mate and began to beat him most 
barbarously, when luckily a vessel hove in sight, having the 
appearance of a man-of-war. After having hastily stripped 
me of my clothes, their captain offered me his hand, and 
wished me a good passage to Havana, and they all repaired 
to the boat. They robbed me in money and articles to the 
amount of about $1200. Their boat was about 30 feet 
long, carrying 15 men, armed with cutlasses, muskets and 
blunderbusses, with a swivel mounted on the bow. I 
then proceeded for Havana, where I arrived yesterday ,the 
1st inst." 

In a short while the reports of these piratical depreda- 
tions spread all over the United States and Europe, and 
the stories lost nothing by repetition. The mercantile 
community became thoroughly alarmed, which was re- 
flected in the tremendous increase, in some cases almost 
prohibitive, of insurance rates on vessels and cargoes 
bound for the "danger zone".* Congress was soon bom- 
barded with petitions and memorials from the merchants 
and insurance companies calling for naval protection and 
the hunting down of these maritime highwaymen. The 
report of the Congressional Naval Committee was printed 
as follows in the Salem Register : 

"Wednesday, March 13, 1822. 
"Suppression of Piracy." 
"Congressional Report." 
"In the House of Representatives on Saturday, an in- 
teresting report was presented by Mr. M'Lane from the 
Committee on naval affairs, on the suppression of Piracy 
in the West Indies, of which the following is the sub- 
stance : 
•Records of the Marblehead Marine Insurance Co. 

(105) 



106 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

"The report states that the system of plunder in the 
West India seas is truly alarming, and imperiously calls 
for the prompt interposition of government ; that every 
mail brings such accounts of massacre and plunder, by 
the vicious and depraved of all nations, that if not winked 
at by the authorities of Cuba, they are not restrained ; 
that the danger of smuggling is thereby considerably in- 
creased on our coast ; an ample force is therefore recom- 
mended to suppress it ; that the force actually employed 
by our government is the 'Franklin', of 74 guns, in the 
Pacific, for the protection of our commerce in that quar- 
ter ; that the 'Constellation', frigate of 36 guns, is in the 
same ocean, but ordered to return home upon the arrival 
of the 'Franklin' ; that the schooner 'Dolphin', of 12 guns, 
accompanies the 'Franklin', as absolutely necessary upon 
so long a voyage. 

"That the frigate 'Constitution', of 44 guns ; sloop of 
war' 'Ontario', of 18 guns ; and schooner 'Nonesuch', of 
10 guns, are cruising in the Mediterranean, to keep the 
Barbary powers in awe and protect our commerce in that 
sea ; and it is believed that a less force would be inade- 
quate for these objects. 

"That the sloop of war 'Hornet', of 18 guns ; the brigs 
'Enterprise' and 'Spark', of 12 guns each ; and the 
schooners 'Porpoise', 'Grampus', 'Shark', and 'Alligator', 
of 12 guns each, are cruising in the West India seas and 
Gulf of Mexico for the protection of trade, the suppres- 
sion of piracy, etc. ; and that the gunboats Nos. 158 and 
168* are also cruising along the coasts of Georgia and 
Florida for the same purposes. 

"That the frigate 'Macedonian' is now equipping at 
Boston and will soon sail on a cruise for the same object ; 
and that it will be necessary to keep, at least, one vessel 
of war, either a corvette or schooner, on the coast of 
Africa, as the most efficient means for the suppression of 
the slave trade. 

"The committee are of opinion that no part of the fore- 
going enumerated force would be withdrawn from the 

•The gunboats that were numbered, instead of being named, were 
the remnants of a large fleet built during the war of 1812 to pro- 
tect the coast. They were practically useless. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 107 

service in which it is employed, without detriment to the 
public interest, and that the force in the West India seas 
and Gulf of Mexico are inadequate for the objects specified 
in the resolution referred to. 

"That the rest of the force belonging to the Navy, con- 
sisting of the 'Java' of 44 guns, and now unworthy of 
repairs ; the 'Erie' of 18 guns ; the 'Peacock' of 18 
guns ; 'Congress' of 36 guns ; 'Guerriere' of 44 guns ; 
'John Adams' of 24 guns; 'United States' of 44 guns; 
and 'Cyane' of 24 guns, are in ordinary at the different 
Navy Yards at Boston, New York, Washington and Nor- 
folk. 

"That the committee are of opinion, to afford effectual 
protection to the commerce in the West Indies and Gulf 
of Mexico, the corvettes 'Cyane' and 'John Adams', and 
sloops of war 'Peacock' and 'Erie', should be fitted out 
as soon as possible ; that the 'Erie' can be fitted out in 5 
months, the 'Peacock' in 2 months, the 'John Adams' in 
6 weeks, and the 'Cyane' in 5 weeks ; and that the 'Con- 
stellation' frigate, should it be thought necessary, may be 
directed on her return from the Pacific to cruise in the 
West India seas, though it is believed it would be more 
expensive than to build additional sloops of war for the 
purpose, which are for many reasons superior to frigates, 
or smaller vessels, for such service. The first four named 
vessels are now undergoing repairs, and the amount nec- 
essary for this purpose is already embraced in the estimate 
for the present year ; so that should they now be directed 
to be put in service, it will be necessary to increase the 
estimates for the present year not more than $120,000, 
and the committee are authorized to state that this appro- 
priation will not materially vary the state of the public 
treasury, as disclosed by the Secretary's report, because 
since the date of that report there has been transferred to 
the surplus fund an amount of unexpended balances of 
appropriation for the naval service sufficient to meet the 
increased expenditure. But the committee cannot sup- 
pose that where the safety of the commerce and citizens 
of the United States calls imperiously for the exertion of 
the national force, so small an expenditure can be a mat- 
ter of any moment. 



108 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

"If the protection be necessary, it must be yielded, and 
the only consideration connected with the cost should be, 
that the money necessary to make it effectual should not 
be wastefully expended. 

"In relation to the instructions for this service the com- 
mittee think it would be inconsistent with public law and 
general usage to give any authority to destroy pirates and 
piratical vessels found at sea or in uninhabited places. 

"The committee are of opinion that it would be dan- 
gerous and productive of great evil to vest in the com- 
manders of our public vessels any authority to treat as 
pirate, and punish without trial, even such persons as 
those above described. It is not necessary for the accom- 
plishment of the object in view that such an authority 
should be given, and it is essentially due to the rights of 
all, and the principles of public law and the general 
usage, that the consequences and punishment of piracy 
should follow only a legal adjudication of the fact. 

"On the whole, the committee are of opinion that the 
employment of a sufficient number of vessels in the West 
India seas and Gulf of Mexico, authorized to make cap- 
tures under the existing laws, etc., if the officers are 
properly industrious and enterprising, would afford all the 
protection required, and the committee therefore recom- 
mend the adoption of the following resolution : 

"■Resolved, That it is expedient forthwith to fit out and 
put in service the corvettes 'Cyane', 'John Adams', and 
sloops of war 'Peacock' and 'Erie', for the protection of 
commerce and the suppression of piracy in the West India 
seas and Gulf of Mexico, and also to employ the frigate 
'Constellation', should the President of the United States 
deem the employment necessary for the purposes aforesaid. 

"This report was ordered to be printed." 

During the same year, 1822, came the bold attempt to 
plunder the steamer "Robert Fulton", which event more 
than anything else led to the belief that the pirate chiefs 
conducted their "affairs" on strictly "business princi- 
ples", having an agent, or agents, in the principal Ameri- 
can seaports, who gave notice in advance of vessels bound 
for the West Indies carrying large sums of money. The 
"Robert Fulton" was one of the earliest, and if it be con- 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 109 

sidered that she depended upon her machinery all the time, the 
earliest ocean steamer in the world ; her wooden hull was 
built by Henry Eokford, at New York, in 1819, for 
David Dunham & Co. of the same city, to run as a regu- 
lar packet between New York, Charleston, S. C, Havana 
and New Orleans. She measured 750 tons, a very large 
ship for those days, 158 feet long, and 33 feet beam ; the 
machinery was of the "cross-head", or "square" type, 
built by the Allaire Works at New York, having a 44- 
inch cylinder, with a 5-foot stroke. Two large copper 
boilers, burning wood for fuel, were installed forward of 
the engine. 

On April 20th, 1820, the "Robert Fulton" left New 
York on her first voyage, and plied regularly until 1825, 
when, owing to indifferent financial results, she was sold 
to the Brazilian Government and her machinery taken out. 
While a steamer she had averaged four days from New 
York to Charleston, four days from Charleston to Havana 
and three days from Havana to New Orleans. 

A century ago the merchants and bankers, and even the 
government, made but little use of cheques and drafts in 
transmitting money from one place to another; it was 
customary, dangerous as it was, to send actual specie in 
boxes or kegs ; more rarely, bank notes. , It was not long 
before the financial community availed themselves of the 
"Robert Fulton" for the carriage of funds, offering as 
she did far greater possibilities of safety. 

On one of her trips, in 1822, it leaked out that she was 
to have on board a very large sum of gold — over $100,000 
— partly government funds, in transmission to New Or- 
leans, besides a large consignment from a firm in New 
York to some merchants in Havana. In some way, prob- 
ably through the before-mentioned confederate in the 
United States, Gasparilla, the well-known pirate, learned 
of the rich consignment and laid a clever trap to seize 
the "Robert Fulton" and her treasure.* Of course it 
was of no use to attempt to chase the steamer with even 
the swiftest sailing craft, but Gasparilla arranged that he 
and a dozen or more of his most venturesome "friends" 

*From Mss. material supplied by Capt. George L. Norton, for 
many years editor of the N. Y. Marine Journal. 



110 THE SUPPRESSION OP PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

should lay in wait for her off the Cuban coast in a large 
open boat, impersonating shipwrecked seamen. In response 
to their distress signals, the "Fulton" would, naturally, 
stop to pick them up, and the pirates, carrying concealed 
weapons, would improve the opportunity by swarming on 
board the steamer and seizing her before the crew and 
passengers could recover from their surprise. 

A schooner belonging to Gasparilla was to have been 
in the near neighborhood, to which the treasure was to be 
transferred, and the freebooters would then at once make 
off in her, first damaging the "Fulton's" machinery so 
that she could not pursue them. It was not, it would 
seem, their intention to hurt anyone on the steamer unless 
resistance was offered. 

However, "the best laid plans o' mice and men gang 
aft a-gley," and in this case, it was said, one of Gasparilla's 
gang, having a grudge against him, revealed the whole 
plot, with the result that a United States man-of-war es- 
corted the "Robert Fulton" and her rich lading safely to 
her destination. 

In this story there seems a curious mixing of the old 
and the new ; the pirates who make us think of seven- 
teenth century conditions, attempting to seize a steamer, 
the representative of everything modern. 

While on the subject of early steam navigation, it is 
interesting to quote an official report of Lieutenant W. H. 
Watson, commanding the United States steamer "Sea 
Gull" while in pursuit of pirates. Curiously enough, 
this officer makes no mention whatever of the advantages 
of steam over sail, nor does he refer in any way to the 
performances of the "Sea Gull's" machinery ; all the 
more to be regretted, for, a century ago, a steamer was 
much more of an innovation and curiosity than was an 
aeroplane at the beginning of the World War. 

In fact, Lieutenant Watson appears to have left the 
"Sea Gull" and given chase to the freebooters in the large 
sail barges (open boats) "Gallinipper" and "Mosquito" ; 
this, however, was very likely due to the fact that the 
pirates, when pursued near land, always took refuge in 
shoal water, where the larger men-of-war could not follow 
them. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADL.EE 111 

"United States Steam Galliot 'Sea Gull', 

"Allenton, Thompson's Island (Key West), 

"July 11th, 1823. 
"Sir : 

"Having had the honor to report the circumstances at- 
tending the cruise of the division under my orders, prior 
to our separation off St. John de los Remedios, I have 
now to communicate, for your information, my subse- 
quent proceedings in the barges 'Gallinipper' and 'Mos- 
quito'. 

"After a strict examination of the coasts and islands, 
from Cayo Francisco to Cayo Blanco, in the vicinity of 
Point Hycacos, whilst cruising in Siguapa Bay, we dis- 
covered a large topsail-schooner, with a launch in com- 
pany, working up to an anchorage, at which several mer- 
chant vessels were lying. 

"Being to windward, I bore up in the 'Gallinipper', for 
the purpose of ascertaining their characters, and when 
within gunshot, perceiving the larger vessel to be well 
armed and her deck filled with men, I hoisted our colors, 
on seeing which they displayed the Spanish flag, and the 
schooner having brailed up her foresail, begun firing at 
the 'Gallinipper'. I immediately kept away and ran 
down upon her weather quarter, making signal at the 
same time for the 'Mosquito' to close. Having the ad- 
vantage in sailing, they did not permit us to do so, but 
made all sail before the wind for the village of Siguapa, 
to which place we pursued them, and after a short action, 
succeeded in taking both their vessels and effecting the 
almost total destruction of their crews, amounting, as 
nearly as could be ascertained at the time, to 50 or 60 
men, but as we are since informed, to 70 or 80. They 
engaged us without colors of any description, having 
hauled down the Spanish colors after firing the first gun ; 
and on approaching to board, our men giving three cheers 
and discharging their muskets, the pirates fled precipi- 
tately, some to their launch, lying in shore, from which a 
fire was still kept up, whilst others endeavored to escape 
by swimming to the land. A volley of musketry directed 
at the launch completed their disorder and drove them 
into the sea ; but the boats going rapidly through the 



112 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

water, cut off their retreat, with the exception of fifteen, 
eleven of whom were killed or desperately wounded and 
taken prisoners by our men, who landed in pursuit, and 
the remaining four apprehended by the local authorities 
and sent to Matanzas. 

"The larger vessel was called the 'Catalina', command- 
ed by the celebrated pirate Diabolito ('little Devil'), taken 
some weeks since from the Spaniards, between Havana 
and Matanzas, and carried to Siguapa Bay, where she re- 
ceived her armament. She captured nothing, this being 
the beginning of her piratical cruise. 

"I cannot close this communication without performing 
a most pleasing task, in reporting the active gallantry and 
good conduct of my officers and men, none of whom sus- 
tained the slightest injury in the action, the result of 
which is, 1 trust, sufficient to satisfy you that all under 
my orders did their duty, particularly when it is consid- 
ered that we had but 26 men, opposed to a force of pirat- 
ical vessels well supplied with arms of all kinds, amongst 
which were one long 9 and two 6-pounders. 

"I have much pleasure in naming as my associates 
Lieutenant Inman, Acting Sailing Master Bainbridge, Dr. 
Babbit, Midshipmen Harwood, Taylor, and S. S. Lee,* 
and Messrs. Webb and Grice, who obeyed and executed 
all orders and signals with a promptitude and zeal which 
could not be exceeded. 

"I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedi- 
ent servant, 

"W. H. Watson, 

"Lieutenant Commanding. 
"Commodore David Porter, United States Navy, Com- 
manding West India Squadron." 

During the month of August, 1823, yellow fever broke 
out at Key West, and Commodore Porter and many of 
his officers and men were prostrated by it. One of the 
first victims was Captain John Minor Maury, U. S. N., 
Commodore Porter's flag captain, younger brother of 
Commodore Matthew Fontaine Maury, C. S. N., the well- 

*Refers to Sidney Smith Lee, afterwards Commander U. S. N. 
and Commodore Confederate Navy, younger brother of Gen. R. E. 
Lee. S. S. Lee died in 1869; he was the father of Gen. Fitz Lee. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 113 

known scientist. He had had a most gallant record in 
the navy during the war of 1812, but died of the fever 
and was buried at sea almost within sight of Norfolk, 
Va., where his young wife and two little children were 
anxiously awaiting him.* 

As may be imagined, the medical treatment of a century 
ago for yellow fever was very crude, and, possibly, did as 
much harm as good. Lieutenant Josiah Tattnall, after- 
wards Commodore, C. S. N., caught the disease and was 
so ill that the surgeon gave him up, telling him at the 
same time that he could have anything he wished to eat 
or drink, as he had done all he could for him. Tattnall 
thought he would enjoy a mint julep, which was given 
him, and from that time on he improved rapidly and even- 
tually recovered. The stimulant was probably just what 
he needed. 

There were 48 deaths in the squadron, including the 
gallant Watson and Lieutenant Hammersly, Chaplain 
Adams, Sailing Master Bainbridge, and Midshipmen Bain- 
bridge and Reed. 

Lieutenant David Glasgow Farragut, U. S. N,, the 
future conqueror of New Orleans and admiral of the 
navy, added to his already gallant record during these 
years devoted to the extirpation of piracy. Entering the 
navy at the tender age of nine and one-half years, his 
midshipman's warrant was signed Dec. 17th, 1810, by 
Paul Hamilton of South Carolina, then Secretary of the 
Navy, when to-day boys no older would be in the lower 
grades of the public schools. Young Farragut was but 
thirteen when he took part in the desperate battle in 
Valparaiso bay, March 28, 1814, between the U. S. frigate 
"Essex" and the British frigate "Phoebe" and sloop-of- 
war "Cherub", resulting in the capture of the former, 
which had been commanded by Captain David Porter, 
now in charge of the West India squadron. 

The "Essex" is always remembered with pride by the 
people of Salem, as she was built on Winter Island in 
that city, by Enos Briggs, in 1799, and last, but not least, 
the famous old frigate was completely paid for by volun- 
tary subscriptions from the inhabitants of Essex County. 
♦Recollections of a Virginian, by Gen. D. H. Maury. 



114 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

Her total cost, when ready for service, with twelve 
months' provisions, was $154,687.77. 

It is, perhaps, not so well known that after her capture 
it had been the intention of the British naval authorities 
to refit the "Essex" for their own service, but she was 
found to be so badly knocked about as to make her use- 
less as a man-of-war. Accordingly she was used as a 
stationary convict ship at Kingston, Jamaica, until 1833, 
and was finally sold at auction at Somerset House, in 1837, 
and broken up. 

In 1823 Farragut's rank was what was then known as 
"passed midshipman", practically that of "acting lieuten- 
ant" or watch officer, and soon after received his com- 
mission as lieutenant. Promotion in those days in the 
navy was extremely slow. 

His first independent command was that of the schooner 
"Greyhound", of between 50 and 60 tons ; she was one 
of a fleet of eight, built on the model of the Chesapeake 
bay fast pilot schooners, and especially fitted to hunt 
down the pirates when they took refuge in shallow water. 
Each of these schooners was armed with two 18-pound 
brass pivot guns. For six months in 1823 the future 
hero of the Civil war was actively employed in ransack- 
ing the southern shores of Haiti and Cuba and the Mona 
Passage between Porto Rico and Haiti. 

There were many encounters between the "Greyhound" 
and the pirates, sometimes afloat, sometimes ashore, when 
Farragut led his men through marsh and chaparral and 
cactus — a service often perilous, always painful and ex- 
hausting. It is a source of wonder that his health held 
out and that he did not succumb to the yellow fever, 
which made sad havoc among the officers and men of the 
American squadron. "I never owned a bed during my 
two years and a half in the West Indies," wrote Farra- 
gut, "but lay down to rest wherever I found the most 
comfortable berth."* The result, however, both directly 
and indirectly, was the suppression of piracy ; seconded 
as our navy was by that of Great Britain, interested like 
our own in the security of commerce. 

Driven off the water, with their lairs invaded, their 

•"Life of Admiral Farragut," by Capt. A. T. Mahan, U. S. N". 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 115 

plunder seized, their vessels burned, their occupation 
afloat gone, the marauders organized themselves into ban- 
dits, and turned their predatory practices against the 
towns and villages of Cuba. This aroused the Spanish 
governors from the indolent complacency, not to say 
more, with which they had watched robberies upon for- 
eigners that brought profit rather than loss to their dis- 
tricts. When the evil was thus brought home, the Span- 
ish troops were put in motion, and the pirates, beset on 
both sides, gradually disappeared. 

An interesting incident of this period was the meeting 
of the future Admiral Farragut with his older brother 
William, then already a lieutenant in the navy, and whom 
he had not seen for thirteen years. How many Ameri- 
cans, even students of naval history, know that he had a 
brother ? Lieutenant Joseph W. Revere, U. S. N. (a 
kinsman of Col. Paul J. Revere killed at Gettysburg and 
of Asst. Surgeon Edward H. R. Revere, killed at Antie- 
tam while caring for the wounded under fire), in his 
"Forty Years of Military and Naval Service," refers to 
his experiences in the West India squadron, while serving 
against the pirates, as follows: 

"Leaving St. Augustine for Tampa and Pensacola, I 
was ordered to Key West from the latter place, to take 
command of a large felucca-rigged boat, pulling forty 
oars, and armed with a long twelve-pounder, and received 
instructions to cruise in the Old Bahama Channel and 
endeavor to capture a noted pirate named Benavides. 
Piracy was at that time a regularly organized business in 
the West Indies, the capital being supplied by persons in 
Cuba and the United States, and the cutthroats by the 
'faithful isle.' 

"It was very difficult to secure the trial and conviction 
of the corsairs in Havana, however evident their guilt, for 
the Spanish authorities were notoriously interested in the 
profits of their nefarious calling. It is well known that, 
not long before the time I am writing of, Commodore 
David Porter was tried by a court martial for landing at 
Foxardo to capture some of these gentlemanly marauders, 
— a rebuke which led to his leaving the profession of 
which he was so distinguished an ornament. For a week 



116 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

or two we saw nothing on our new cruising ground ex- 
cept a few small merchant vessels, and heard of no pirates, 
until one evening a felucca appeared, crossing from Cayo 
Romano to Cuba. We immediately gave chase, but lost 
sight of her at nightfall. At early daylight she was again 
seen under the land of Cuba, but suddenly disappeared 
up one of those estuaries which inlace the low ground of 
the coast. Making our way into the one we supposed 
she had entered, we pursued our unseen but hoped-for 
prize up its sinuous course, the view being limited by the 
banks of the estuary, which were covered by a mangrove 
thicket, growing down into the water, as is the habit of 
this plant. I landed, however, at the entrance for a few 
moments, in order to put on shore a couple of men pro- 
vided with means to signal to us if necessary. 

"After rowing in this way for about ten or fifteen miles, 
we came suddenly, at a turn of the estuary, upon a camp, 
and a barque-rigged vessel lying at a rude pier. Here we 
landed, with the usual precautions against surprise, and 
found the ship to be the French barque 'Amedee' of Bor- 
deaux, evidently not long since captured by pirates. Her 
cargo had been nearly all removed and probably taken in 
lighters to Havana and Matanzas ; but the evidences of a 
hurried 'breaking bulk' were everywhere to be seen. 
The sails of the barque had been burned (for we found 
the incombustible parts), the rudder unshipped, and both 
anchors let go ; so that it would have been impossible to 
remove her from the place. Many knickknacks, which 
apparently did not suit the taste of the pirates, lay about, 
the embarcadero being strewn with various 'articles de 
Paris'. The cabin furnished evideuce that it had been 
tenanted by passengers of both sexes; and it was fearful 
to think of what had probably been their fate, although 
we met with no positive proofs that murder had been 
done. 

"In the afternoon I wished to return to sea, but found 
that some of my men had straggled away into the coun- 
try ; so, leaving the galley in charge of a petty officer, I 
started with a small party to hunt them up, ascending the 
hills which rose above the landing place to a considerable 
height. Our search was vain, however ; we saw no traces 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 117 

of the stragglers, and after a walk of about two miles 
along the crest, we returned towards the pirates' camp 
down a ravine, in the hollow of which ran a brawling 
rivulet. 

"The sides of the ravine were precipitous and covered 
with huge bowlders, while the dense and almost impene- 
trable verdure of the tropics clothed its surface. I tried 
to cover as much ground as possible with my men, in 
order to explore the country as thoroughly as we could ; 
for 1 feared my lost ones had stupefied themselves with 
liquor obtained from the French barque. Suddenly one 
of my scouts high up the bank of the ravine shouted to 
us to ascend, and, thinking he had tidings of the run- 
aways, we scrambled up to his elevated position. I found 
him at the entrance of a hole, or cave, which was par- 
tially concealed by a bowlder of great size, the ground 
around it bearing the marks of footprints, with staves 
and iron spikes scattered about. Bringing my little band 
together, I delegated a young and agile foretopman to 
enter the hole first, which he did, shoving his carbine be- 
fore him as he went in, and disappeared from our sight 
into the bowels of the earth. We prepared to follow, but 
the first who entered met the second one returning, and, 
as neither could pass the other in the narrow entrance, 
we hauled the last man out by the legs. The foretopman 
reported that he had passed into a large chamber inside, 
but that, owing to the darkness, he could say nothing as 
to its size or contents. 

"Determined to prosecute the search, I improvised 
tapers made of the torn leaves of a book I had in my 
pocket, and, thus equipped, we crawled in. At about 
twenty paces from the entrance we found ourselves in a 
circular chamber, evidently an excavation, some fifteen 
feet in diameter. Our means of illumination being scan- 
ty, we had not time to examine the contents of some kegs 
and barrels, which, together with some old rusty muskets 
and cutlasses, and other objects pertaining to seafaring 
men, composed the contents of the room. 

"As we were about to withdraw, one old tar, deter- 
mined not to go without carrying away some memento of 
the place, rolled out a keg before him, thinking, doubt- 



118 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE "WEST INDIES 

less, that it contained a supply of liquor, but which, upon 
being upset, gave forth an ominous rattling sound, that 
indicated something more substantial. We rolled the 
keg down to the camp, which I desired to reach before 
the approaching sunset, after which, in the tropics, there 
is no twilight. I found, upon my arrival, that our 
stragglers had returned, my fears having been unfounded 
as to their drinking ; for the pirates had evidently con- 
sumed, or effectually concealed, all liquors. 

"While on the subject of the old-time man-of-war's 
men's ability to secure liquor, I heard a lieutenant say 
that he once sent a watch of sailors ashore for recreation 
on an uninhabited island in the middle of the Pacific 
ocean, and that they all came back drunk ! 

Sentinels having been placed around the camp, we went 
to sleep after supper, pleased with visions of untold 
wealth to be secured in the morning at the cave, which 
we imagined must contain the fabulous treasures of 
Aladdin ; for the keg we had brought with us was filled 
with newly-minted Spanish dollars. Shortly after mid- 
night my dreams were interrupted by a sentinel, who re- 
ported that a fire was burning brightly at the entrance to 
the estuary. As this was the signal agreed upon in case 
our presence was required, I had no alternative but to 
start at once ; and we manned our row-galley and sped 
down the creek as fast as forty pairs of vigorous arms 
could propel us. The day was breaking as we arrived at 
our destination, ready and eager for action ; for we 
thought it probable that the pirates were returning to 
their haunt, which was as secure a puerto escondido for 
those buccaneers — 'friends to the sea and enemies to all 
who sail on it' — as could be found in Cuba. 

"My lookout men reported having seen a light at sea, 
which we soon saw, and, boarding the vessel, found her 
to be H. B. M. schooner 'Monkey', on a cruise, and her 
commander handed me a despatch from the commander of 
the U. S. schooner 'Grampus', directing me to join him 
at Havana as soon after I received it as possible. Reluc- 
tant to abandon our promising investigations, we squared 
away the long yards of the felucca before the trade-wind, 
and next morning rounded the Moro Castle, ensign and 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 119 

pennant flying, and anchored near the 'Grampus'. The 
secret of our discovery was religiously kept, and the keg 
of dollars divided amongst the crew, each receiving about 
fifty dollars, and we cheered each other by the prospect 
of soon returning to the cache and enriching ourselves 
with the pirates' hoarded treasure. 

"A few days after our arrival one of those terrible cy- 
clones which periodically devastate the West Indies came 
on, and it seemed as if the city would be torn down by 
the mere power of the wind. Several vessels were de- 
stroyed by being dashed violently against the wharves at 
Regla. . . . The damage to vessels at sea was immense 
. . . in the interior plantations were ruined in a single 
night . . . the hurricane was long afterwards remembered 
... as the heaviest known for years. . . . 

"The 'Grampus' and 'The Forty Thieves' safely rode 
out this tremendous gale, and after its fury had abated, 
our crews were instrumental in saving much property and 
some lives in the harbor. About a week after this catas- 
trophe ... we started again for our former cruising 
ground, and soon reached the embarcadero, near the under- 
ground treasury. On landing, we found everywhere 
marks of the passage of the hurricane. The French 
barque had been completely torn to pieces . . . the rude 
sheds which had sheltered the pirates were tossed about 
like paper, . . . and enormous rocks from above cumbered 
the ground. 

"With doubting steps and hearts saddened by the sight 
of such terrible havoc, we took our way to the cave, . . . 
The entrance had disappeared. . . . Every evidence of the 
existence of the cave had been obliterated, and we re- 
turned to our boat as poor as we came." 

Marooning, or leaving their victims on desert islands, 
was a favorite device of the West Indian buccaneers of 
the seventeenth century, but the only instance on record 
of this having been done by the later pirates was the case 
of Capt. Lincoln, whose experience was so interesting 
that it has been thought worth while to quote it in full 
from the old and rare volume, "Life on the Ocean Wave", 
in which it was originally published : 



120 the suppression of piracy in the west indies 

Narrative of Captain Lincoln, 

Who was taken by the Pirates, off Cape Cruz, Dec. 17, 

1821, and subsequently left, with his crew, to 

perish on a desolate island. 

"I have reluctantly yielded to the urgent solicitations 
of friends, to give a short narrative of the capture, suffer- 
ings and escape of myself and crew, after having been 
taken by a piratical schooner, called the Mexican, Decem- 
ber, 1821. The peculiar circumstances attending our 
situation gave us ample opportunity for learning the char- 
acter of those cruisers which have lately infested our 
southern coasts, destroying the lives and plundering the 
property of so many peaceable traders. If this narrative 
should effect any good, or urge our government to still 
more vigorous measures for the protection of our com- 
merce, my object will be attained. 

"I sailed from Boston, bound for Trinidad, in the Island 
of Cuba, on the 13th of November, 1821, in the schooner 
Exertion, burden one hundred and seven tons, owned by 
Messrs. Joseph Ballister and Henry Farnam, with a crew 
consisting of the following persons : 

Joshua Bracket, mate, Bristol 
David Warren, cook, Saco 

Thomas Goodall, seaman, Baltimore 
Thomas Young, " Orangetown 

Francis de Suze, " St. John's 

George Reed, " Greenock, Scotland 

"The cargo consisted of flour, beef, pork, lard, butter, 
fish, beans, onions, potatoes, apples, ham, furniture, sugar 
box shooks, &c, invoiced at about eight thousand dollars. 
Nothing remarkable occurred during the passage, except 
much bad weather, until my capture, which was as fol- 
lows : 

"Monday, December 17th, 1821, — commenced with fine 
breezes from the eastward. At daybreak saw some of 
the islands northward of Cape Cruz, called keys — stood 
along northwest ; everything now seemed favorable for a 
happy termination of our voyage. At three o'clock P. M. 
saw a sail coming round the Keys, into a channel called 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 121 

Boca de Cavolone by the chart, nearly in latitude 20.55 
north, longitude 79.55 west; she made directly for us, 
with all sail set, sweeps on both sides (the wind being 
light), and was soon near enough for us to discover about 
forty men on her deck, armed with muskets, blunder- 
busses, cutlasses, long knives, dirks, two carronades, one 
a twelve, the other a six-pounder ; she was a schooner, 
wearing the Patriot flag (blue, white and blue) of the 
Republic of Mexico. I thought it not prudent to resist 
them, should they be pirates, with a crew of seven men, 
and only five muskets ; accordingly ordered the arms and 
ammunition to be immediately stowed away in as secret 
a place as possible, and suffer her to speak us, hoping and 
believing that a republican flag indicated both honor and 
friendship from those who wore it, and which we might 
expect even from Spaniards. But how great was my 
astonishment when the schooner, having approached very 
near us, hailed in English, and ordered me to heave my 
boat out immediately and come on board of her with my 
papers. Accordingly my boat was hove out, but filled 
before I could get into her. I was then ordered to tack 
ship and lay by for the pirate's boat to board me ; which 
was done by Bolidar, their first lieutenant, with six or 
eight Spaniards, armed with as many of the before men- 
tioned weapons as they could well sling about their bodies. 
They drove me into the boat, and two of them rowed me 
to their privateer (as they called their vessel), where I 
shook hands with her commander, Captain Jonnia, a 
Spaniard, who, before looking at my papers, ordered Bol- 
idar, his lieutenant, to follow the Mexican in, back of the 
Key they had left, which was done. At 6 o'clock P. M. 
the Exertion was anchored in eleven feet of water, near 
their vessel and an island, which they called Twelve 
League Key (called by the chart Key Largo), about thirty 
or thirty-five leagues from Trinidad. After this strange 
conduct they began examining my papers by a Scotchman 
who went by the name of Nickola, their sailing master. 
He spoke good English, had a countenance rather pleas- 
ing, although his beard and mustachios had a frightful 
appearance — his face, apparently full of anxiety, indicated 
something in my favor; he gave me my papers, saying, 



122 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

'take good care of them, for I am afraid that you have 
fallen into bad hands.' The pirate's boat was then sent 
to the Exertion with more men and arms ; a part of them 
left on board her, the rest returning with three of my 
crew to their vessel, viz., Thomas Young, Thomas Good- 
all, and George Reed. They treated them with something 
to drink, and offered them equal shares with themselves 
and some money if they would enlist, but they could not 
prevail on them. I then requested permission to go on 
board my vessel, which was granted, and further requested 
Nickola should go with me, bat was refused by the cap- 
tain, who vociferated in a harsh manner, 'No, No, No,' 
accompanied with a heavy stamp upon the deck. When 
I got on board I was invited below by Bolidar, where I 
found they had emptied the case of liquors and broken a 
cheese to pieces and crumbled it on the table and cabin 
floor ; the pirates, elated with their prize (as they called 
it), had drank so much as to make them desperately abu- 
sive. I was permitted to lie down in my berth ; but, 
reader, if you have ever been awakened by a gang of 
armed desperadoes, who have taken possession of your 
habitation in the midnight hour, you can imagine my 
feelings. Sleep was a stranger to me, and anxiety was 
my guest. Bolidar, however, pretended friendship, and 
flattered me with the prospect of being soon set at liberty. 
But I found him, as I suspected, a consummate hypocrite; 
indeed, his very looks indicated it. He was a stout and 
well-built man, of a dark, swarthy complexion, with keen, 
ferocious eyes, huge whiskers, and beard under his chin 
and on his lips four or five inches long ; he was a Portu- 
guese by birth, but had become a naturalized Frenchman 
— had a wife, if not children (as I was told) in France, 
and was well known there as commander of a first-rate 
privateer. His appearance was truly terrific ; he could 
talk some in English, and had a most lion-like voice. 

"Tuesday, 18th — Early this morning the captain of the 
pirates came on board the Exertion, took a look at the 
cabin stores and cargo in the state rooms, and then ordered 
me back with him to his vessel, where he, with his crew, 
held a consultation for some time respecting the cargo. 
After which the interpreter, Nickola, told me that 'the 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 123 

captain had or pretended to have a commission under 
General Traspelascus, commander-in-chief of the republic 
of Mexico, authorizing him to take all cargoes whatever 
of provisions bound to any Spanish royalist port — that my 
cargo, being bound to an enemy's port, must be con- 
demned, but that the vessel should be given up and put 
into a fair channel for Trinidad, where I was bound.' I 
requested him to examine the papers thoroughly, and 
perhaps he would be convinced to the contrary, and told 
him my cargo was all American property taken in at 
Boston and consigned to an American gentleman agent at 
Trinidad. But the captain would not take this trouble, 
but ordered both vessels under way immediately, and 
commenced beating up amongst the Keys through most 
of the day, the wind being very light. They now sent 
their boats on board the Exertion for stores, and com- 
menced plundering her of bread, butter, lard, onions, po- 
tatoes, fish, beans, &c, took up some sugar box shooks 
that were on deck, and found the barrels of apples, select- 
ed the best of them, and threw the rest of them over- 
board. They inquired for spirits, wine, cider, &c, and 
were told 'they had already taken all that was on boaid.' 
But not satisfied, they proceeded to search the state rooms 
and forecastle, ripped up the floor of the latter, and found 
some boxes of bottled cider, which they carried to their 
vessel, gave three cheers in an exulting manner to me, 
and then began drinking it with such freedom that a vio- 
lent quarrel arose between officers and men, which came 
very near ending in bloodshed. I was accused of false- 
hood, for saying they had already got all the liquors that 
were on board, and I thought they had ; the truth was, I 
never had any bill of lading of the cider, and consequently 
had no recollection of its being on board ; yet it served 
them as an excuse for being insolent. In the evening 
peace was restored and they sung songs. I was suffered 
to go below for the night, and they placed a guard over 
me, stationed at the companion way. 

Wednesday, 19th, commenced with moderate easterly 
winds, beating towards the northeast, the pirate's boats 
frequently going on board the Exertion for potatoes, fish, 
beans, butter, &c, which were used with great waste and 



124 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

extravagance. They gave me food and drink, but of bad 
quality, more particularly the victuals, which were 
wretchedly cooked. The place assigned me to eat was 
covered with dirt and vermin. It appeared that their 
great object was to hurt my feelings with threats and ob- 
servations, and to make my situation as unpleasant as 
circumstances would admit. We came to anchor near a 
Key, called by them Biigantine, where myself and mate 
were permitted to go on shore, but were guarded by sev- 
eral armed pirates. I soon returned to the Mexican and 
my mate to the Exertion, with George Reed, one of my 
crew, the other two being kept on board the Mexican. In 
the course of this day I had considerable conversation 
with Nickola, who appeared well disposed towards me. 
He lamented most deeply his own situation, for he was 
one of those men whose early good impressions were not 
entirely effaced, although confederated with guilt. He 
told me, 'those who had taken me were no better than 
pirates, and their end would be the halter ; but,' he added, 
with peculiar emotion, 'I will never be hung as a pirate,' 
showing me a bottle of laudanum which he had found in 
my medicine chest, saying, 'if we are taken that shall 
cheat the hangman before we are condemned.' I endeav- 
ored to get it from him, but did not succeed. I then 
asked him how he came to be in such company, as he ap- 
peared to be dissatisfied. He stated 'that he was at New 
Orleans last summer, out of employment, and became 
acquainted with one Captain August Orgamar, a French- 
man, who had bought a small schooner of about fifteen 
tons, and was going down to the bay of Mexico to get a 
commission under General Traspelascus, in order to go a 
privateering under the patriot flag. Captain Orgamar 
made him liberal offers respecting shares, and promised 
him a sailing master's berth, which he accepted and em- 
barked on board the schooner, without sufficiently reflect- 
ing on the danger of such an undertaking. Soon after 
she sailed from Mexico, where they got a commission, and 
the vessel was called Mexican. They made up a comple- 
ment of twenty men, and after rendering the General 
some little service in transporting his troops to a place 
called , proceeded on a cruise; took some small prizes 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 125 

off Campeachy; afterwards came on the south coast of 
Cuba, where they took other small prizes and the one 
which we were now on board of. By this time the crew 
was increased to about forty, nearly one-half Spaniards, 
the others Frenchmen and Portuguese. Several of them 
had sailed out of ports in the United States, with Ameri- 
can protections ; but, I confidently believe, none are na- 
tives, especially of the northern states.* I was careful 
in examining the men, being desirous of knowing if any 
of my countrymen were among the wretched crew, but 
am satisfied there were none, and my Scotch friend con- 
curred in the opinion. And now, with a new vessel, 
which was the prize of these plunderers, they sailed up 
Manganeil Bay ; previously, however, they fell in with an 
American schooner, from which they bought four barrels 
of beef, and paid in tobacco. At the Bay was an English 
brig belonging to Jamaica, owned by Mr. John Louden of 
that place. On board of this vessel the Spanish part of 
the crew commenced their depredations as pirates, although 
Captain Orgamar and Nickola protested against it and 
refused any participation ; but they persisted, and like so 
many ferocious bloodhounds, boarded the brig, plundered 
the cabin stores, furniture, captain's trunk, &c, took a 
hogshead of rum, one twelve-pound carronade, some rig- 
ging and sails. One of them plundered the chest of a 
sailor, who made some resistance, so that the Spaniard 
took his cutlass and beat and wounded him without 
mercy. Nickola asked him 'why he did it ?' the fellow 
answered, 'I will let you know,' and took up the cook's 
axe and gave him a cut on the head, which nearly deprived 
him of life.f Then they ordered Captain Orgamar to 
leave his vessel, allowing him his trunk, and turned him 
ashore to seek for himself. Nickola beffged them to dis- 

... CO 

miss him with his captain, but no, no, was the answer, for 
they had no complete navigator but him. After Captain 

•The Spaniards at Havana have been in the habit of saying to 
those who arrive there, after suffering the horrid abuse of cutting, 
beating, hanging, robbing, &c, "it is your countrymen that do 
this." 

tHe showed me the wound, which was quite large and not then 
healed. 



126 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

Orgamar was gone, they put in his stead the present brave 
(or as I should call him cowardly) Captain Jonnia, who 
headed them in plundering the before mentioned brig, and 
made Bolidar their first lieutenant, and then proceeded 
down among those Keys or islands where I was captured. 
This is the amount of what my friend Nickola told me of 
their history. 

Thursday, 20th, continued beating up, wind being light; 
the pirate's boats were sent to the Exertion for more 
stores, such as bread, lard, &c. I this day discovered on 
board the Mexican three black girls, of whom it is well 
to say no more. It is impossible to give an account of 
the filthiness of this crew, and were it possible it would 
not be expedient. In their appearance they were terrific, 
wearing black whiskers and long beards, the receptacles 
of dirt and vermin. They used continually the most 
profane language ; had frequent quarrels, and so great 
was their love of gambling that the captain would play 
cards with the meanest man on board. All these things 
rendered them to me objects of total disgust (with a few 
exceptions, as will hereafter appear). I was told they had 
a stabbing match, but a few days before I was taken, and 
one man came near being killed ; they put him ashore at 
a fisherman's hut and there left him to perish. I saw the 
wound of another, who had his nose split open. 

Friday, 21st — After laying at anchor through the night 
in ten fathoms water, made sail and stood to the eastward 
— by this time I was out of my reckoning, having no 
quadrant, chart, or books. The pirate's boats were again 
sent for stores. The captain for the second time de- 
manded of me where my wine, brandy, &c, were. I again 
told him they had already got the whole. They took the 
deep sea line and some cordage from the Exertion, and at 
night came to anchor. 

Saturday, 22d — Both vessels under way standing to 
the eastward ; they ran the Exertion aground on a bar, 
but after throwing overboard most of her deckload of 
shooks, she floated off ; a pilot was sent to her and she 
was run into a narrow creek between two keys, where 
they moored her head and stern alongside the mangrove 
trees, sent down her yards and topmasts, and covered her 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLBE 127 

mastheads and shrouds with bushes to prevent her being 
seen by vessels which might pass that way. I was then 
suffered to go on board my own vessel, and found her in 
a very filthy condition ; sails torn, rigging cut to pieces, 
and everything in the cabin in waste and confusion. The 
swarms of moschetoes and sand-flies made it impossible 
to get any sleep or rest. The pirate's large boat was 
armed and manned under Bolidar, and sent off with let- 
ters to a merchant (as they called him) by the name of 
Dominico, residing in a town called Principe, on the main 
island of Cuba. I was told by one of them who could 
speak English that Principe was a very large and populous 
town, situated at the head of St. Maria, which was about 
twenty miles northeast from where we lay, and the Keys 
lying around us were called Cotton Keys. The captain 
pressed into his service Francis de Suze, one of my crew, 
saying he was one of his countrymen. Francis was very 
reluctant in going, and said to me, with tears in his eyes, 
'I shall do nothing only what I am obliged to do, and will 
not aid in the least to hurt you or the vessel ; I am very 
sorry to leave you/ He was immediately put on duty 
and Thomas Goodall sent back to the Exertion. 

"Sunday, 23d. — Early this morning a large number of 
the pirates came on board of the Exertion, threw out the 
long boat, broke open the hatches and took out consider- 
able of the cargo, in search of rum, gin, &c, still telling 
me 'I had some and that they would find it,' uttering the 
most awful profaneness. In the afternoon the boat re- 
turned with a perough,* having on board the captain, 
his first lieutenant, and seven men of a patriot or piratical 
vessel that was chased ashore at Cape Cruz by a Spanish 
armed brig. These seven men made their escape in said 
boat, and after four days, found our pirates and joined 
them, the remainder of the crew being killed or taken 
prisoners. 

"Monday, 24th. — Their boat was manned and sent to 
the before mentioned town. I was informed by a line 
from Nickola that the pirates had a man on board, a native 
of Principe, who, in the garb of a sailor, was a partner 

*A boat built of two halves of a large tree, hollowed out and so 
put together as to carry about thirty barrels. 



128 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

with Dominico, but I could not get sight of him. This 
lets us a little into the plans by which this atrocious sys- 
tem of piracy has been carried on. Merchants having 
partners on board of these pirates ! thus pirates at sea 
and robbers on land are associated to destroy the peace- 
able trader. 

"The willingness exhibited by the seven above-men- 
tioned men to join our gang of pirates seemed to look like 
a general understanding among them ; and from there 
being merchants on shore so base as to encourage the 
plunder and vend the goods, I am persuaded there has 
been a systematic confederacy on the part of these un- 
principled desperadoes, under cover of the patriot flag, 
and those on land are no better than those on the sea. If 
the governments to whom they belong know of the atroc- 
ities committed (and I have but little doubt they do), they 
deserve the execration of all mankind. 

"Tuesday, 25th. — Still on board the Exertion — weather 
very calm and warm. The pirate's boat returned from 
St. Maria, and came for candles, cheese, potatoes, &c, 
they saying they must have them, and forbid my keeping 
any light on board at night — took a case of trunks for the 
captain's use, and departed. Their irritating conduct at 
this time can hardly be imagined. 

"Wednesday, 26th. — I was told by Bolidar that three 
Spanish cruisers were in search of them, that they could 
fight two of them at once (which, by the way, I believe 
was not true), and were disappointed in not finding them. 
Same evening they took both of my boats, and their own 
men, towed their vessel out of the creek, and anchored 
at its mouth to get rid of sand-flies, while they obliged 
us to stay on deck under an awning, exposed to all the 
violence of these flies ; we relieved ourselves in some 
measure by the burning of tobacco, which lasted but for 
a short time. 

"Thursday, 27th. — A gang of the pirates came and 
stripped our masts of the green bushes, saying, 'she ap- 
peared more like a sail than trees' — took one barrel of 
bread and one of potatoes, using about one of each every 
day. I understood they were waiting for boats to take 
the cargo, for the principal merchant had gone to Trin- 
idad. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 129 

"Friday, 28th. — Nothing remarkable occurred this day 
— were frequently called upon for tar and butter, and 
junk to make oakum. Capt. Jonnia brought on board with 
his new captain and officer before mentioned. Again they 
asked for wine, and were told as before they had gotten 
the whole. 

"Saturday, 29th. — Same insulting conduct continued. 
Took a barrel of crackers. 

"Sunday, 30th. — The beginning of trouble ! this day, 
which peculiarly reminds Christians of the high duties of 
compassion and benevolence, was never observed by these 
pirates. This, of course, we might expect, as they did 
not often know when the day came, and if they knew it 
it was spent in gambling. The old saying among seamen, 
'no Sunday off soundings,' was not thought of, and even 
this poor plea was not theirs, for they were on soundings 
and often at anchor. Early this morning the merchant, 
as they called him, came with a large boat for the cargo. 
I was immediately ordered into the boat with my crew, 
not allowed any breakfast, and carried about three miles 
to a small island out of sight of the Exertion, and left 
there by the side of a little pond of thick, muddy water, 
which proved to be very brackish, with nothing to eat but 
a few biscuit. One of the boat's men told us the mer- 
chant was afraid of being recognized, and when he had 
gone the boat would return for us, but we had great reason 
to apprehend they would deceive us, and therefore passed 
the day in the utmost anxiety. At night, however, the 
boats came and took us again on board the Exertion, 
when, to our surprise and astonishment, we found they 
had broken open the trunks and chests and taken all our 
wearing apparel, not even leaving a shirt or pair of pan- 
taloons, not sparing a small miniature of my wife which 
was in my trunk. The little money I and my mate had, 
with some belonging to the owners, my mate had previ- 
ously distributed about the cabin in three or four parcels, 
while I was on board the pirate, for we dare not keep it 
about us ; one parcel in a butter pot they did not dis- 
cover. Amidst the hurry with which I was obliged to 
leave my vessel to go to the before-mentioned island, I 
fortunately snatched my vessel's papers and hid them in 



130 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

my bosom, which the reader will find was a happy cir- 
cumstance for me. My writing desk, with papers, ac- 
counts, &c, all Mr. Lord's letters (the gentleman to whom 
my cargo was consigned), and several others, were taken 
and maliciously destroyed. My medicine chest, which I 
so much wanted, was kept for their own use. What their 
motive could be to take my papers I could not imagine, 
except they had hopes of finding bills of lading for some 
Spaniards, to clear them of piracy. Mr. Bracket had 
some notes and papers of consequence to him, which 
shared the same fate. My quadrant, charts, books, and 
some bedding, were not yet taken, but I found it impos- 
sible to hide them, and they were soon gone from my 
sight. 

"Monday, 31st. — We complained to them, expressing 
the necessity of having clothes to cover us, but as well 
might we have appealed to the winds, and rather better, 
for they would not have upbraided us in return. The 
captain, however, sent word he would see to it, and or- 
dered their clothes-bags to be searched, where he found 
some of our things, but took good care to put them into 
his own cabin. 1 urgently requested him to give me the 
miniature, but 'no' was all I could get. 

"Tuesday, January 1st, 1822. — A sad new year's day 
to me. Before breakfast orders came for me to cut down 
the Exertion's railing and bulwarks on one side, for their 
vessel to heave out by and clean her bottom. On my 
hesitating a little, they observed with anger, ' Very well, 
captain, suppose you no do it quick, we do it for you.' 
Directly afterwards another boat, full of armed men, came 
alongside ; they jumped on deck with swords drawn and 
ordered all of us into her immediately. I stepped below, 
in hopes of getting something which would be of service 
to us, but the captain hallooed, 'go in the boat directly or 
I will fire upon you.' Thus compelled to obey, we were 
carried, together with four Spanish prisoners, to a small, 
low island or key of sand in the shape of a half moon, 
and partly covered with mangrove trees, which was about 
one mile from and in sight of my vessel. There they 
left nine of us, with a little bread, flour, fish, lard, a little 
coffee and molasses, two or three kegs of water, which 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 131 

was brackish, an old sail for a covering, and a pot and 
some other small articles no way fit to cook in. Leaving 
us these, which were much less than they appear in the 
enumeration, they pushed off, saying, 'we will come to 
see you in a day or two.' Selecting the best place, we 
spread the old sail for an awning, but no place was free 
from flies, muschetoes, snakes, the venomous santipee. 
Sometimes they were found crawling inside of our panta- 
loons, but fortunately no injury was received. This after- 
noon the pirates hove their vessel out by the Exertion and 
cleaned one side, using her paints, oils, &c, for that pur- 
pose. To see my vessel in that situation and to think of 
our prospects was a source of the deepest distress. At 
night we retired to our tent, but having nothing but. the 
cold damp ground for a bed, and the heavy dew of 
the night penetrating the old canvass — the situation of 
the island being fiftv miles from the usual track of friend- 
ly vessels, and one hundred and thirty-five from Trinidad 
— seeing my owner's property so unjustly and wantonly 
destroyed — considering my condition, the hands at whose 
mercy I was, and deprived of all hopes, rendered sleep or 
rest a stranger to me. 

"Wednesday, 2d. — The pirates hove out and cleaned 
the other side. She then commenced loading with the 
Exertion's cargo, which appeared to be flour and lard. In 
the afternoon their boat came and took two of the Span- 
iards with them to another island for water, and soon after 
returned with four kegs of poor, unwholesome water, and 
left us, saying they should not bring us provisions again 
for some time, as they were going away with goods from 
the prize, to be gone two or three days. Accordingly 
they brought a present supply of beef, pork, and a few 
potatoes, with some bedding for myself and mate. The 
mangrove wood afforded us a good fire, as one of the 
Spanish prisoners happened to have fireworks, and others 
had tobacco and paper with which we made cigars. About 
this time one of my men began to be unwell ; his legs and 
body swelled considerably, but having no medicine I could 
not do much to relieve him. 

"Thursday, 3d. — The pirates had dropped off from the 
Exertion, but kept their boats employed in bringing the 



1 32 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

cargo from her ; I supposed it to be kegs of lard to make 
stowage. They then got under way with a perough in 
tow, both deeply laden, run out of the harbor, hauled on 
the wind to the eastward till out of sight behind the 
Keys, leaving a guard on board the Exertion. 

"Friday, 4th. — Commenced with light wind and hot 
sun ; saw a boat coming from the Exertion, apparently 
loaded ; she passed between two small Keys to the north- 
ward, supposed to be bound for Cuba. At sunset a boat 
came and inquired if we wanted anything, but instead of 
adding to our provisions, took away our molasses, and 
pushed off. We found one of the Exertion's water casks 
and several pieces of plank, which we carefully laid up, 
in hopes of getting enough to make a raft. 

"Saturday, 5th. — Pirates again in sight coming from 
the eastward ; they beat up alongside their prize and 
commenced loading. In the afternoon Nickola came to 
us, bringing with him two more prisoners, which they had 
taken in a small sailboat coming from Trinidad to Man- 
ganeil, one a Frenchman, the other a Scotchman, with two 
Spaniards, who remained on board the pirate, and who 
afterwards joined them. The back of one of these poor 
fellows was extremely sore, having just suffered a cruel 
beating from Bolidar with the broad side of a cutlass. It 
appeared that when the officer asked him 'where their 
money was and how much,' he answered, 'he was not cer- 
tain, but believed they had only two ounces of gold/ 
Bolidar furiously swore, he said 'ten', and not finding any 
more, gave him the beating. Nickola now related to me 
a singular fact, which was, that the Spanish part of the 
crew were determined to shoot him ; that they tied him 
to the mast, and the man was appointed for the purpose, 
but Lyon, a Frenchman, his particular friend, stepped up 
and told them if they shot him, they must shoot several 
more ; some of the Spaniards sided with him, and he was 
released. Nickola told me the reason for such treatment 
was that he continually objected to their conduct towards 
me, and their opinion was if he should escape they would 
be discovered, as he declared he would take no prize 
money. While with us he gave me a letter, written in 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRAD LEE 133 

great haste, which contains some particulars respecting the 
cargo, as follows ; 

"January 4th, 1822. 
"Sir — We arrived here this morning, and before we 
came to anchor had five canoes alongside ready to take 
your cargo, part of which we had in ; and as I heard you 
express a wish to know what they took out of her, to this 
moment, you may depend on this account of Jamieson* 
for quality and quantity ; if I have the same opportunity 
you will have an account of the whole. The villian who 
bought your cargo is from the town of Principe, his name 
is Dominico, as to that it is all 1 can learn ; they have 
taken your charts on board the Mexican, and I suppose 
mean to keep them, as the other captain has agreed to act 
the same infamous part in the tragedy of his life. Your 
clothes are here on board, but do not let me flatter 
you that you will get them back ; it may be so, 
and it may not. Perhaps in your old age, when you 
recline with ease in a corner of your cottage, you will 
have the goodness to drop a tear of pleasure to the mem- 
ory of him whose highest ambition should have been to 
subscribe himself, though devoted to the gallows, your 
friend, 

"NlCKOLA MONACRE. 

"Excuse haste. 

"P. S. Your answer in writing when I come again. 

"Sunday, 6th. — The pirates were under way at sunrise, 
with a full load of the Exertion's cargo, going to Principe 
again to sell a second freight, which was done readily for 
cash. I afterwards heard that the flour brought only five 
dollars per barrel, when it was worth at Trinidad thirteen, 
so that the villain who bought my cargo at Principe made 
very large profits by it. 

"Monday, 7th. — The pirates brought more water, but 
being very brackish, it was unfit for use. We were now 
greatly alarmed at Thomas' ill health, being suddenly at- 
tacked with a pain in the head and swelling of the right 
eye, attended with derangement. He, however, soon be- 
came better, but his eye remained swollen several days, 

•This is the real name of Nickola. 



134 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

without much pain. In the evening we had some heavy 
showers of rain, and having no secure cabin, no sheltered 
retreat, our exposure made us pass a very uncomfortable 
night. 

"Tuesday, 8th. — Early this morning the pirates in sight 
again, with fore-topsail and top gallant sail set ; beat up 
alongside of the Exertion and commenced loading, having, 
as I supposed, sold and discharged her last freight among 
the inhabitants of Cuba. They appeared to load in great 
haste, and the song 'O he ho,' which echoed from one 
vessel to the other, was distinctly heard by us. How 
wounding was this to me ! How different was this sound 
from what it would have been had I been permitted to 
pass unmolested by these lawless plunderers, had been 
favored with a safe arrival at the port of my destination, 
where my cargo would have found an excellent sale. Then 
would the 'O he ho' on its discharging have been a de- 
lightful sound to me. In the afternoon she sailed with 
the perough in tow, both with a full load, having chairs, 
which was a part of the cargo, slung at her quarters. 

"Wednesday, 9th. — Very calm and warm. The swarms 
of moschetoes and flies made us pass a very uncomforta- 
ble day. We dug in the sand for water, but were disap- 
pointed in finding none so good as they left us. In walk- 
ing round among the bushes, I accidentally discovered a 
hole in the sand and saw something run into it; curiosity 
led me to dig about it. With the help of Mr. Bracket, I 
found at the distance of seven feet from its mouth and 
one from the surface, a large solitary rat, apparently sev- 
eral years old ; he had collected a large nest of grass and 
leaves, but there was not the least appearance of any other 
being on the island. 

"Thursday, 10th. — No pirates in sight. The day was 
passed in anxious suspense, David Warren being quite 
sick. 

"Friday, 11th. They came and hauled alongside of 
the Exertion, but I think took out none of her cargo, 
but had, as I supposed, a vendue on board, wherein was 
sold among themselves all our books, clothing, quadrants, 
charts, spyglasses, and everything belonging to us and our 
fellow-prisoners. I was afterwards told they brought a 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEB 135 

good price, but what they could want of the Bible, Prayer 
Book, and many other books in English, was matter of 
astonishment to me. 

"Saturday, 12th. — They remained alongside the Exer- 
tion ; took the paints, oil, brushes, &c, and gave their 
vessel a new coat of paint all around, and a white boot 
top, took the perough to another key and caulked her ,- 
there was no appearance of their taking any cargo out ; 
the Exertion, however, appeared considerably high out of 
water. About sunset the pirates went out of the harbor 
on a cruise. Here we had been staying day after day, 
and exposed night after night ; apprehensions for our 
safety were much increased ; what was to become of us 
seemed now to rush into every one's mind. 

"Sunday, 13th. — Deprived of our good books, deprived 
in fact of everything save life, and our ideas respecting 
our fate so gloomy, all tended to render time, especially 
the Lord's day, burdensome to all. In the afternoon a 
boat came for cargo, from, as I supposed, that villain 
Dominico. 

"Monday, 14th. — They again hove in sight, as usual, 
alongside their prize. While passing our solitary island 
they laughed at our misery, which was almost insupport- 
able — looking upon us as though we had committed some 
heinous crime, and they had not sufficiently punished us ; 
they hallooed to us, crying out, 'Captain, Captain,' accom- 
panied with obscene motions and words, with which I 
shall not blacken these pages ; yet 1 heard no check upon 
such conduct, nor could I expect it among such a ganc, 
who have no idea of subordination on board, except when 
in chase of vessels, and even then but very little. My 
resentment was excited at such a malicious outrage, and I 
felt a disposition to revenge myself, should fortune ever 
favor me with an opportunity. It was beyond human na- 
ture not to feel and express some indignation at such 
treatment. Soon after, Bolidar, with five men, well 
armed, came to us, he having a blunderbuss, cutlass, a 
long knife and pair of pistols ; but for what purpose did 
he come ? He took me by the hand, saying, 'Captain, me 
speak with you, walk this way.' I obeyed, and when we 
were at some distance from my fellow-prisoners (his men 



136 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

following), he said, 'the captain send me for your wash.' 
I pretended not to understand what he meant and replied, 
* I have no clothes, nor any soap to wash with — you have 
taken them all' — for I had kept my watch about me, hop- 
ing they would not discover it. He demanded it again 
as before, and was answered, 'I have nothing to wash.' 
This raised his anger, and, lifting his blunderbuss, he 
roared out, 'What the d — 1 you call him that make clock, 
give it me.' I considered it imprudent to contend any 
longer and submitted to his unlawful demand. As he was 
going off he gave me a small bundle, in which was a pair 
of linen drawers, sent to me by Nickola, and also the 
Rev. Mr. Brooks' 'Family Prayer Book.' This gave me 
great satisfaction. Soon after he returned with his cap- 
tain, who had one arm slung up, yet with as many imple- 
ments of war as his diminutive wicked self could conven- 
iently carry ; he told me (through an interpreter who 
was a prisoner) 'that on his cruise he had fallen in with 
two Spanish privateers and beat them off, but had three 
of his men killed and himself wounded in the arm.' 
Bolidar turned to me and said, 'It is a d — n lie,' which 
words proved to be correct, for his arm was not wounded, 
and when I saw him again, which was soon afterwards, 
he forgot to sling it up. He further told me, 'after to- 
morrow you shall go with your vessel and we will accom- 
pany you towards Trinidad.' This gave me some new 
hopes, and why I could not tell. They then left us, 
without rendering any assistance. This night we got 
some rest. 

"Tuesday, 15th. — The words 'go after to-morrow' were 
used among our Spanish fellow-prisoners as though that 
happy to-morrow would never come ; in what manner it 
came will soon be noticed. 

"Wednesday, 16th. — One of their boats came to in- 
quire if we had seen a boat pass by last night, for their 
small sloop sailboat was gone and two men deserted. I 
told them 'no' ; at heart I could not but rejoice at the 
escape and approve the deserters. I said nothing, how- 
ever, to the pirates. On their return they manned three 
of their boats and sent them in different directions to 
search, but at night came back without finding boat or 




SPANISH SAILOR ABOUT 1820 
From a lithograph in the collection of F. B C Bradlee 




UNIFORMS OF U. S. NAVY ABOUT 1820 
From a lithograph in the collection of F. B. C. Bradlee. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BBADLEE 137 

men. They now took our old sail, which hitherto had 
somewhat sheltered us, to make, as I supposed, some 
small sail for their vessel. This rendered our night more 
uncomfortable than before, for in those islands the night 
dews are very heavy. 

"Thursday, 17th, was passed with great impatience. 
The Exertion having been unmoored and swung to her 
anchor, gave some hopes of being restored to her, but was 
disappointed. 

"Friday, 18th, commenced with brighter prospects of 
liberty than ever — the pirates were employed in setting 
up our devoted schooner's shrouds, stays, &c. My con- 
dition now reminded me of the hungry man, chained in 
one corner of the room, while at another part was a table 
loaded with delicious foods and fruits, the smell and sight 
of which he was continually to experience, but, alas ! his 
chains were never to be loosed that he might go and par- 
take. At almost the same moment they were thus em- 
ployed the axe was applied with the greatest dexterity to 
both her masts, and I saw them fall over the side ! Here 
fell my hopes — I looked at my condition, and then thought 
of home. Our Spanish fellow-prisoners were so disap- 
pointed and alarmed that they recommended hiding our- 
selves, if possible, among the mangrove trees, believing, 
as they said, we should now certainly be put to death ; 
or, what was worse, compelled to serve on board the Mex- 
ican as pirates. Little else, it is true, seemed left for us; 
however, we kept a bright lookout for them during the 
day, and at night 'an anchor watch,' as we called it, de- 
termined, if we discovered their boats coming towards us, 
to adopt the plan of hiding, although starvation stared us 
in the face, yet preferred that to instant death. This 
night was passed with sufficient anxiety. I took the first 
watch. 

"Saturday, 19th. — The pirate's large boat came for us. 
It being daylight, and supposing they could see us, de- 
termined to stand our ground and wait the result. They 
ordered us all into the boat, but left everything else ; they 
rowed towards the Exertion. I noticed a dejection of 
spirits in one of the pirates, and inquired of him where 
they were going to carry us. He shook his head and re- 



188 THE SUPPRESSION OP PIRA.CY IN THE WEST INDIES 

plied, 'I do not know.' I now had some hopes of visiting 
my vessel again, but the pirates made sail, run down, took 
us in tow and stood out of the harbor. Bolidar after- 
wards took me, my mate, and two of my men on board 
and gave us some coffee. On examination I found they 
had several additional light sails, made of the Exertion's. 
Almost every man a pair of canvass trousers, and my 
colors cut up and made into belts to carry their money. 
My jolly boat was on deck, and I was informed all my 
rigging was disposed of. Several of the pirates had on 
some of my clothes, and the captain one of my best shirts, 
a cleaner one than I had ever seen him have on before. 
He kept at good distance from me, and forbid my friend 
Nickola's speaking to me. I saw from the companion way 
in the captain's cabin my quadrant, spyglass, and other 
things which belonged to us, and observed by the compass 
that the course steered was about west by south, distance 
nearly twenty miles, which brought them up with a cluster 
of islands called by some 'Cayman Keys.' Here they 
anchored and caught some fish (one of which was named 
guard fish), of which we had a taste. I observed that my 
friend Mr. Bracket was somewhat dejected, and asked him 
in a low tone of voice what his opinion was in respect to 
our fate. He answered, 'I cannot tell, but it appears to 
me the worst is to come.' I told him that I hoped not, 
but thought they would give us our small boat and liber- 
ate the prisoners. But mercy even in this shape was not 
left for us. Soon after, saw the captain and officers whis- 
pering for some time in private conference. When over, 
their boat was manned, under the command of Bolidar, 
and went to one of those Islands or Keys before men- 
tioned.* On their return another conference took place, 
— whether it was a jury upon our lives we could not tell 
— I did not think conscience could be entirely extinguished 
in the human breast, or that men could become fiends. In 
the afternoon, while we knew not the doom which had 
been fixed for us, the captain was engaged with several of 

*This Key was full of mangrove trees, whose tops turn down and 
take root, forming a kind of umbrella. The tide at high water flows 
two feet deep under them; it is therefore impossible for human be- 
ings to live long among them, even with food and water. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEB 139 

his men in gambling, in hopes to get back some of the five 
hundred dollars they said he lost but a few nights before, 
which had made him unusually fractious. A little before 
sunset he ordered us all into the large boat, with a supply 
of provisions and water, and to be put on shore. While 
we were getting into her, one of my fellow-prisoners, a 
Spaniard, attempted, with tears in his eyes, to speak to 
the captain, but was refused, with the answer, 'I'll have 
nothing to say to any prisoner, go into the boat.' In the 
meantime Nickola said to me, 'My friend, I will give you 
your book' (being Mr. Colman's Sermons), 'it is the only 
thing of yours that is in my possession, I dare not attempt 
anj r thing more.' But the captain forbid his giving it to 
me, and I stepped into the boat. At that moment Nickola 
said in a low voice, 'never mind, I may see you again be- 
fore I die.' The small boat was well armed and manned, 
and both set off together for the island, where they had 
agreed to leave us to perish ! The scene to us was a 
funeral scene. There were no arms in the prisoners' 
boat, and, of course, all attempts to relieve ourselves 
would have been throwing our lives away, as Bolidar was 
near us, well armed. We were rowed about two miles 
northeasterly from the pirates to a small, low island, 
lonely and desolate. We arrived about sunset, and for 
the support of us eleven prisoners they only left a ten- 
gallon keg of water and perhaps a few quarts, in another 
small vessel, which was very poor; part of a barrel of flour, 
a small keg of lard, one ham and some salt fish, a small 
kettle and an old broken pot, an old sail for a covering, 
and a small blanket, which was thrown out as the boat 
hastened away. One of the prisoners happened to have 
a little coffee in his pocket, and these comprehended all 
our means of sustaining life, and for what length of time 
we knew not. We now felt the need of water, and our 
supply was comparatively nothing. A man may live twice 
as long without food as without water. Look at us now, 
my friends, left benighted on a little spot of sand in the 
midst of the ocean, far from the usual track of vessels, 
and every appearance of a violent thunder tempest and a 
boisterous night. Judge of my feelings, and the circum- 
stances which our band of sufferers now witnessed. Per- 



140 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

haps you can and have pitied us. I assure you we were 
very wretched, and to paint the scene is not within my 
power. When the boats were moving from the shore, on 
recovering myself a little, I asked Bolidar 'If he was going 
to leave us so?' He answered, 'No, only two days — we 
go for water and wood, then come back, take you.' I 
requested him to give us bread and other stores, for they 
had plenty in the boat, and at least one hundred barrels 
of flour in the Mexican. 'No, no, suppose to-morrow 
morning me come, me give you bread, and hurried off to 
their vessel. This was the last time I saw him. We then 
turned our attention upon finding a spot most convenient 
for our comfort, and soon discovered a little roof support- 
ed by stakes driven into the sand ;* it was thatched with 
the leaves of the cocoanut tree, a considerable part of 
which was torn or blown off. After spreading the old 
sail over this roof we placed our little stock of provisions 
under it. Soon after came on a heavy shower of rain, 
which penetrated the canvass and made it nearly as un- 
comfortable inside as it would have been out. We were 
not prepared to catch water, having nothing to put it in. 
Our next object was to get fire, and after gathering some 
of the driest fuel to be found, and having a small piece 
of cotton wick-yarn, with flint and steel, we kindled a 
fire, which was never afterwards suffered to be extin- 
guished. The night was very dark, but we found a piece 
of old rope, which, when well lighted, served for a candle. 
On examining the ground under the roof, we found per- 
haps thousands of creeping insects, scorpions, lizards, 
crickets, &c. After scraping them out as well as we 
could, the most of us having nothing but the damp earth 
for a bed, laid ourselves down in hopes of some rest, but 
it being so wet, gave many of us severe colds, and one of 
the Spaniards was quite sick for several days. 

Sunday, 20th. — As soon as daylight came on we pro- 
ceeded to take a view of our little island, and found it to 
measure only one acre, of coarse, white sand, about two 
feet, and in some spots perhaps three feet, above the sur- 
face of the ocean. On the higher part were growing some 

*This was probably erected by the turtle men or fishers, who visit 
these islands in June for the purposes of their trade. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 141 

bushes and small mangroves (the dry part of which was 
our fuel) and the wild castor oil beans. We were greatly- 
disappointed in not finding the latter suitable food ; like- 
wise some of the prickly pear bushes, which gave us only 
a few pears about the size of our small button pear ; the 
outside has thorns, which if applied to the fingers or lips, 
will remain there and cause a severe smarting similar to 
the nettle ; the inside a spongy substance full of juice and 
seeds, which are red and a little tartish. Had they been 
there in abundance, we should not have suffered so much 
for water — but alas ! even this substitute was not for us. 
On the northerly side of the island was a hollow, where 
the tide penetrated the sand, leaving stagnant water. We 
presumed, in hurricanes the island was nearly overflowed. 
According to the best calculations 1 could make, we were 
about thirty-five miles from any part of Cuba, one hun- 
dred from Trinidad, and forty from the usual track of 
American vessels, or others which might pass that way. 
No vessel of any considerable size can safely pass among 
these Keys, or 'Queen's Gardens' (as the Spaniards call 
them), being a large number extending from Cape Cruz 
to Trinidad, one hundred and fifty miles distance, and 
many more than the charts have laid down, most of them 
very low and some covered at high water, which makes it 
very dangerous for navigators without a skilful pilot. 
After taking this view of our condition, which was very 
gloomy, we began to suspect we were left on this desolate 
island by those merciless plunderers to perish. Of this I 
am now fully convinced ; still we looked anxiously for 
the pirates' boat to come according to promise with more 
water and provisions, but looked in vain. We saw them 
soon after get under way, with all sail set, and run direct- 
ly from us until out of sight, and we never saw them 
again ! One may partially imagine our feelings, but they 
cannot be put into words. Before they were entirely out 
of sight of us, we raised the white blanket upon a pole, 
waving it in the air, in hopes that at two miles' distance 
they would see it and be moved to pity. But pity in such 
monsters was not to be found. It was not their interest 
to save us from the lingering death which we now saw 
before us. We tried to compose ourselves, trusting that 



142 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

God, who had witnessed our sufferings, would yet make 
use of some one as the instrument of his mercy towards 
us. Our next care, now, was to try for water. We dug 
several holes in the sand and found it, but quite too salt 
for use. The tide penetrates probably through the island. 
We now came on short allowance for water. Having no 
means of securing what we had by lock and key, some 
one in the night would slyly drink, and it was soon gone. 
The next was to bake some bread, which we did by mix- 
ing flour with salt water and frying it in lard, allowing 
ourselves eight quite small pancakes to begin with. The 
ham was reserved for some more important occasion, and 
the salt fish was lost for want of fresh water. The re- 
mainder of this day was passed in the most serious con- 
versation and reflection. At night I read prayers from 
the 'Prayer Book' before mentioned, which I most care- 
fully concealed while last on board the pirates. This 
plan was pursued morning and evening during our stay 
there, then retired for rest and sleep, but realized little of 
either. 

Monday, 21st. — In the morning we walked round the 
beach, in expectation of finding something useful. On 
our way picked up a paddle about three feet long, very 
similar to the Iudian canoe paddle, except the handle, 
which was like that of a shovel, the top part being split 
off ; we laid it aside for the present. We likewise found 
some konchs and roasted them ; they were a pretty good 
shell fish, though rather tough. We discovered at low 
water a bar or spit of sand extending northeasterly from 
us, about three miles distant, to a cluster of Keys, which 
were covered with mangrove trees, perhaps as high as our 
quince tree. My friend Mr. Bracket and George attempt- 
ed to wade across, being at that time of tide only up to 
their armpits ; but were pursued by a shark and returned 
without success. The tide rises about four feet. 

Tuesday, 22d. — We found several pieces of the pal- 
metto or cabbage tree and some pieces of board, put them 
together in the form of a raft and endeavored to cross, 
but that proved ineffectual. Being disappointed, we sat 
down to reflect upon other means of relief, intending to 
do all in our power for our safety while our strength con- 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 143 

tinued. While sitting here the sun was^so powerful and 
oppressive, reflecting its rays upon the sea, which was then 
calm, and the white sand which dazzled the eye, was so 
painful that we retired under the awning ; there the mos- 
quitoes and flies were so numerous that good rest could 
not be found. We were, however, a little cheered, when, 
in scraping out the top of the ground to clear out, I may 
say, thousands of crickets and bugs, we found a hatchet, 
which was to us peculiarly serviceable. At night the 
strong northeasterly wind, which prevails there at all 
seasons, was so cold as to make it equally uncomfortable 
with the day. Thus day after day our sufferings and ap- 
prehensions multiplying, we were very generally alarmed. 

Wednesday, 23d. — Early this morning one of our Span- 
ish fellow-prisoners crossed the bar, having taken with 
him a pole sharpened at one end ; this, he said, 'was to 
kill sharks,' but he saw none to trouble him. While he 
was gone we tried for water in several places, but still it 
was very salt ; but not having any other, we drank it, and 
found it had a similar effect to that of glauber salts. We 
now concluded to reduce the allowance of bread, or rather 
pancakes, being too sensible that our little stock of pro- 
visions could last but a few days longer ; we had not the 
faintest hope of any supplies before it would be too late 
to save life. Towards night the Spaniard returned, but 
almost famished for want of water and food. He reported 
that he found some plank on one of the islands (but they 
proved to be sugar-box shooks), which revived us a little, 
but no water. He said he had great difficulty to make his 
way through the mangrove trees, it being very swampy, 
so that we should not better ourselves by going there, 
although the key was rather larger than ours. This I un- 
derstood through Joseph, the English prisoner, who could 
speak Spanish. After prayers, laid ourselves down upon 
our bed of sand, and being nearly exhausted, we obtained 
some sleep. 

••Thursday, 24th. — This morning, after taking a little 
coffee, made of the water which we thought least salt, and 
two or three of the little cakes, we felt somewhat re- 
freshed, and concluded to make another visit to those Keys 
in hopes of finding something more, which might make a 



144 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

raft for us to escape the pirates and avoid perishing by- 
thirst. Accordingly seven of us set off, wading across the 
bar, and searched all the Keys thereabouts. On one we 
found a number of sugar-box shooks, two lashing planks 
and some pieces of old spars, which were a part of the 
Exertion's deckload that was thrown overboard when she 
grounded on the bar, spoken of in the first part of the 
narrative. It seems they had drifted fifteen miles, and had 
accidentally lodged on these very Keys within our reach. 
Had the pirates known this they would undoubtedly have 
placed us in another direction. They no doubt thought 
thai they could not put us on a worse place. The wind 
at this time was blowing so strong on shore as to prevent 
rafting our stuff round to our island, and we were obliged 
to haul it upon the beach for the present ; then dug for 
water in the highest place, but found it as salt as ever, and 
then returned to our habitation. But hunger and thirst 
began to prey upon us, and our comforts were as few as 
our hopes. 

"Friday, 25th. — Again passed over to those Keys to 
windward, in order to raft our stuff to our island, it being 
most convenient for building. But the surf on the beach 
was so very rough that we were again compelled to post- 
pone it. Our courage, however, did not fail where there 
was the slightest hopes of life. Returning without it, we 
found on our way an old top timber of some vessel ; it 
had several spikes in it, which we afterwards found very 
serviceable. In the hollow of an old tree we found two 
guarnas of small size, one male, the other female. One 
only was caught. After taking off the skin, we judged 
it weighed a pound and a half. With some flour and lard 
(the only things we had except salt water), it made us a 
fine little mess. We thought it a rare dish, though a small 
one for eleven half-starved persons. At the same time a 
small vessel hove in sight ; we made a signal to her with 
the blanket tied to a pole and placed it on the highest 
tree — some took off their white clothes and waved them 
in the air, hoping they would come to us. Should they 
be pirates they could do no more than kill us, and per- 
haps would give us some water, for which we began to 
suffer most excessively ; but, notwithstanding all our 
efforts, she took no notice of us. 



• 




'it ' I 



u_ t! 

I I 0* 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BBADLEE 145 

"Saturday, 26 th. — This day commenced with moderate 
weather and smooth sea ; at low tide found some cockles, 
boiled and eat them, but they were very painful to the 
stomach. David Warren had a fit of strangling, with 
swelling of the bowels, but soon recovered, and said 
'something like salt rose in his throat and choked him.' 
Most of us then set off for the Keys, where the plank and 
shooks were put together in a raft, which we with pieces 
of boards paddled over to our island ; when we consulted 
the best plan, either to build a raft large enough for us 
all to go on, or a boat, but the shooks having three or four 
nails in each, and having a piece of large reed or bamboo, 
previously found, of which we made pins, concluded to 
make a boat. 

"Sunday, 27th. — Commenced our labor, for which I 
know we need offer no apology. We took the two 
planks, which were about fourteen feet long and two and 
a half wide, and fixed them together for the bottom of 
the boat ; then, with moulds made of palmetto bark, cut 
timber and knees from mangrove trees, which spread so 
much as to make the boat four feet wide at the top, 
placed them exactly the distance apart of an Havana 
sugar-box. Her stern was square, and the bows tapered 
to a peak, making her form resemble a flatiron. We pro- 
ceeded thus far and retired to rest for the night ; but Mr. 
Bracket was too unwell to get much sleep, 

"Monday, 28th. — Went on with the work as fast as 
possible. Some of the Spaniards had long knives about 
them, which proved very useful in fitting timbers, 
and a gimlet of miue, accidentally found on board the 
pirates, enabled us to use the wooden pins. And now 
our spirits began to revive, though water, water, was con- 
tinually on our minds. We now feared the pirates might 
possibly come, find out our plan, and put us to death (al- 
though before we had wished to see them, being so much 
in want of water). Our labor was extremely burdensome, 
and the Spaniards considerably peevish, but they would 
often say to me, 'Never mind, captain, by and by Ameri- 
cana or Spanyola catch them, me go to see 'um hung.' 
We quitted work for the day, cooked some cakes, but 
found it necessary to reduce the quantity again, however 



146 THE SUPPRESSION OP PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

small before. We found some herbs on a windward Key, 
which the Spaniards called Spanish tea. This, when well 
boiled, we found somewhat palatable, although the water 
was very salt. This herb resembles pennyroyal in look 
and taste, though not so pungent. h\ the evening, when 
we were sitting round the fire to keep off the mosquitoes, 
I observed David Warren's eyes shone like glass. The 
mate said to him, 'David, I think you will die before 
morning, I think you are struck with death now.' I 
thought so, too, and told him, I thought it most likely 
we should all die here soon, but 'as some one of us may 
survive to carry the tidings to our friends, if you have 
anything to say respecting your family, now is the time.' 
He then said, 'I have a mother in Saco where 1 belong ; 
she is a second time a widow ; to-morrow, if you can spare 
a scrap of paper and pencil, I will write something.' But 
no to-morrow came to him. In the course of the night he 
had another spell of strangling, and soon after expired, 
without much pain and without a groan. He was about 
twenty-six years old. How solemn was this scene to us 1 
Here we beheld the ravages of death commenced upon 
us. More than one of us considered death a happy re- 
lease. For myself I thought of my wife and children, 
and wished to live if God should so order it, though ex- 
treme thirst, hunger and exhaustion had well nigh pros- 
trated my fondest hopes. 

"Tuesday, 29th. Part of us recommenced labor on the 
boat, while myself and Mr. Bracket went and selected the 
highest clear spot of sand on the northern side of the 
island, where we dug Warren's grave and boxed it up with 
shooks, thinking it would be the most suitable spot for the 
rest of us; whose turn would come next we knew not. At 
about ten o'clock A. M. conveyed the corpse to the grave, 
followed by us survivors — a scene whose awful solemnity 
can never be painted. We stood around the grave, and 
there I read the funeral prayer from the Rev. Mr. Brooks' 
Family Prayer Book, and committed the body to the earth, 
covered it with some pieces of board and sand, and re- 
turned to our labor. One of the Spaniards, an old man 
named Manuel, who was partial to me and I to him, made 
a cross and placed it at the head of the grave, saying, 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 147 

' Jesus Christ hath him now.' Although I did not believe 
in any mysterious influence of this cross, yet I was per- 
fectly willing it should stand there. The middle part of 
the day being very warm, our mouths parched with thirst 
and our spirits so depressed, that we made but little pro- 
gress during the remainder of this day, but in the evening 
were employed in picking oakum out of the bolt rope 
taken from the old sail. 

"Wednesday, 30th. Returned to labor on the boat with 
as much vigor as our weak and debilitated state would 
admit, but it was a day of trial to us all, for the Spaniards 
and we Americans could not well understand each other's 
plans, and they being naturally petulent, would not work, 
nor listen with patience for Joseph, our English fellow- 
prisoner, to explain our views ; they would sometimes 
undo what they had done, and in a few minutes replace it 
again; however, before night we began to calk her seams, 
by means of pieces of hard mangrove, made in form of a 
calking-iron, and had the satisfaction of seeing her in a 
form something like a boat. 

"Thursday, 31st. — Went on with the work, some at 
calking, others with battening the seams with strips of 
canvass and pieces of pine nailed over, to keep the oakum 
in. Having found a suitable pole for a mast, the rest went 
about making a sail from the one we had used for a cover- 
ing, also fitting oars of short pieces of boards, in form of 
a paddle, tied on a pole, we having a piece of fishing line 
brought by one of the prisoners. Thus, at 3 P. M., the 
boat was completed and put afloat. We had all this time 
confidently hoped that she would be sufficiently large and 
strong to carry us all ; we made a trial and were disap- 
pointed ! This was indeed a severe trial, and the emo- 
tions it called up were not easy to be suppressed. She 
proved leaky, for we had no carpenter's yard or smith's 
shop to go to. And now the question was, 'who should 
go and how many V I found it necessary for six, four 
to row and one to steer and one to bale. Three of the 
Spaniards and the Frenchmen claimed the right, as being 
best acquainted with the nearest inhabitants ; likewise, 
they had, when taken, two boats left at St. Maria (about 
forty miles distant), which they were confident of finding. 



148 THE SUPPRESSION OP PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

They promised to return within two or three days for the 
rest of us. I thought it best to consent. Mr. Bracket, 
it was agreed, should go in my stead, because my papers 
must accompany me as a necessary protection, and my 
men apprehended danger if they were lost. Joseph Bax- 
ter (I think was his name) they wished should go, because 
he could speak both languages, leaving Manuel, George, 
Thomas and myself to await their return. Having thus 
made all arrangements, and putting up a keg of the least 
salt water, with a few pancakes and salt fish, they set off 
a little before sunset, with our best wishes and prayers 
for their safety and return to our relief. To launch off 
into the wide ocean, with strength almost exhausted, and 
in such a frail boat as this, you will say was very hazard- 
ous, and in truth it was, but what else was left to us ? 
Their intention was to touch at the Key where the Exer- 
tion was, and if no boat was to be found there, to proceed 
on to St. Maria, and if none there, to go to Trinidad and 
send us relief. But alas ! it was the last time I ever saw 
them ! Our suffering this day was most acute. 

"Tuesday, February 1st. This day we rose early and 
traversed the beach in search of cockles, &c, but found 
very few. I struck my foot against something in the sand, 
which proved to be a curious shell, and soon found two 
others of a different kind, but they were to me like Cru- 
soe's lump of gold, of no value. I could not drink them, 
so laid them by. I returned to our tent, and we made 
some skillygolee, or flour and salt water boiled together, 
which we found better than clear salt water. We passed 
the day very uncomfortably, and my people were dissatis- 
fied at not having an equal chance, as they called it, with 
the others in the boat ; but it is not always that we know 
what is for our good. 

"Saturday, 2d. Thomas and George made another 
visit to the windward Keys, where they found some more 
shooks and two pieces of spars ; towed them round as 
before. We now had some hopes of finding enough to 
make us a raft, which would carry us to some place of 
relief, in case the boat should not return. 

"Sunday, 3d. A calm, warm day, but a very gloomy 
one to us, it being more difficult to support life — our pro- 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 149 

visions nearly expended, no appearance of rain since the 
night we first landed, our thirst increasing, our strength 
wasting, our few clothes hanging in rags, our beards of 
great length and almost turned white, nothing like relief 
before us, no boat in sight. Think, reader, of our situation. 
We had marked out for each one the place for his grave. 
I looked at mine, and thought of my wife and family. 
Again we reduced the allowance of bread, but even the 
little which now fell to my share I could scarcely swal- 
low. I never seemed to feel the sensation of hunger, the 
extreme of thirst was so overpowering. Perhaps never 
shall I be more reconciled to death, but my home made 
me want to live, although every breath seemed to increase 
thirst. 

"Monday, 4th. Having seriously reflected on our situ- 
ation, concluded to put all the shooks, &c, together and 
form a raft, and ascertain what weight it would carrv, 
but here again we were disappointed, for we had not 
enough to carry two of us. 

"Tuesday, 5th. About 10 o'clock A. M. discovered a 
boat drifting by on the southeast side of the island, about 
a mile distant. I deemed it a providential thing to us, 
and urged Thomas and George trying the raft for her. 
They reluctantly consented and set oft, but it was nearly 
three P. M. when they came up with her. It was the same 
boat we had built ! Where, then, was my friend Bracket 
and those who went with him ? Every appearance was 
unfavorable. I hoped that a good Providence had yet 
preserved him. The men who went for the boat found 
it full of water, without oars, paddle, or sail ; being in 
this condition, and about three miles to the leeward, the 
men found it impossible to tow her up, so left her, and 
were till eleven o'clock at night getting back with the raft. 
They were so exhausted that had it not been nearly calm, 
they could never have returned. 

"Wednesday, 6th. This morning was indeed the most 
gloomy I had ever experienced. There appeared hardly a 
ray of hope that my friend Bracket could return, seeing 
the boat was lost. Our provisions nearly gone, our 
mouths parched extremely with thirst, our strength 
wasted, our spirits broken, and our hopes imprisoned 



150 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

within the circumference of this desolate island in the 
midst of an unfrequented ocean, all these things gave to 
the scene around us the hue of death. In the midst of 
this dreadful despondence a sail hove in sight, bearing the 
white flag. Our hopes were raised, of course, but no 
sooner raised than darkened by hearing a gun fired. Here, 
then, was another gang of pirates. She soon, however, 
came near enough to anchor, and her boat pushed off 
towards us, with three men in her. Thinking it no worse 
now to die by sword than famine, I walked down imme- 
diately to meet them. I knew them not. A moment be- 
fore the boat touched the ground, a man leaped from her 
bows and caught me in his arms ! It was Nickola ! say- 
ing, 'Do you now believe Nickola is your friend ? yes,' 
said he, 'Jameison will yet prove himself so.' No words 
can express my emotions at this moment. This was a 
friend indeed. The reason of my not recognizing them 
before was that they had cut off their beards and whis- 
kers. Turning to my fellow-sufferers, Nickola asked, 
'Are these all that are left of you, where are the others ?' 
At this moment seeing David's grave. 'Are they dead, 
then ? ah, I suspected it. I know what you were put 
here for.' As soon as I could recover myself, gave him 
an account of Mr. Bracket and the others. 'How unfor- 
tunate,' he said, 'they must be lost, or some pirates have 
taken them, but,' he continued, 'we have no time to lose, 
you had better embark immediately with us, and go where 
you please, we are at your service.' The other two in the 
boat with him were Frenchmen, one named Lyon, the 
other Parrikete. They affectionately embraced each of 
us, then holding to my mouth the nose of a teakettle, 
filled with wine, said, 'Drink plenty, no hurt you.' I 
drank as much as I judged prudent. They then gave it 
to my fellow-sufferers. I experienced almost immediate 
relief, not feeling it in my head ; they had also brought 
in the boat for us a dish of salt beef and potatoes, of 
which we took a little. Then sent the boat on board for 
the other two men, being five in all, who came ashore, and 
rejoiced enough was I to see among them Thomas Young, 
one of my crew, who was detained on board the Mexican, 
but who had escaped through Nickola's means ; the other 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 151 

a Frenchman, named John Cadedt. I now thought again 
and again, with troubled emotion, of my friend Bracket's 
fate. I took the last piece of paper I had and wrote with 
a pencil a few lines, informing him (should he come there) 
that I and the rest were safe ; that I was not mistake nin 
the friend in whom I had placed so much confidence, that 
he had accomplished my highest expectations, and that I 
should go immediately to Trinidad, and requested him to 
go there also, and apply to Mr. Isaac W. Lord, my con- 
signee, for assistance. I put the paper into a junk bottle, 
previously found on the beach, put in a stopper, and left 
it, together with what little flour remained, a keg of water 
brought from Nickola's vessel, and a few other things 
which I thought might be of service to him. We then 
repaired with our friends on board, where we were kindlv 
treated. She was a sloop from Jamaica, of about twelve 
tons, with a cargo of rum and wine, bound to Trinidad. 
I asked 'which way they intended to go !' They said 'to 
Jamaica,' if agreeable to me. As I preferred Trinidad, I 
told them if they would give me the Exertion's boat, 
which was alongside (beside their own) and some water 
and provisions, we would take chance in her, 'for per- 
haps,' said I, 'you will fare better at Jamaica than at 
Tiinidad.' After a few minutes' consultation, they said, 
'you are too much exhausted to row the distance of one 
hundred miles, therefore we will go and carry you ; we 
consider ourselves at your service.' I expressed a wish to 
take a look at the Exertion, possibly we might hear some- 
thing of Mr. Bracket. Nickola said 'very wel,' so got 
under way and run for her, having a light westerly wind. 
He then related to me the manner of their desertion from 
the pirates. As nearly as I can recollect his own words, 
he said, 'A few days since the pirates took four small 
vessels, I believe Spaniards ; they having but two officers 
for the first two, the third fell to me as prize-master, and 
having an understanding with the three Frenchmen and 
Thomas, selected them for my crew, and went on board, 
with orders to follow the Mexican, which I obeyed. The 
fourth, the pirates took out all but one man, and bade him 
also follow their vessel. Now our schooner leaked so bad 
that we left her, and in her stead agreed to take this little 



152 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

sloop (which we are now in), together with the one man. 
The night being very dark, we all agreed to desert the 
pirates, altered our course, and touched at St. Maria, where 
we landed the one man ; saw no boats there, could hear 
nothing from you, and agreed one and all, at the risk of 
our lives, to come and liberate you if you were alive, 
knowing as we did that you were put on this Key to per- 
ish. On our way we boarded the Exertion, thinking pos- 
sibly you might have been there. On board her we found 
a sail and paddle.* We took one of the pirate's boats, 
which they had left alongside of her, which proves how 
we came by two boats. My friend, the circumstance I 
am now about to relate will astonish you. When the 
pirate's boat with Bolidar was sent to the before-mentioned 
Key, on the 19th of January, it was their intention to leave 
you prisoners there, where was nothing but salt water and 
mangroves, and no possibility of escape. This was the 
plan of Baltizar, their abandoned pilot, but Bolidar's heart 
failed him, and he objected to it ; then, after a conference, 
Captain Jonnia ordered you to be put on the little island 
from whence we have taken you. But after this was done, 
that night the French and Portuguese part of the Mexi- 
can's crew protested against it, so that Captain Jonnia, to 
satisfy them, sent his large boat to take you and your 
fellow-prisoners back again, taking care to select his con- 
fidential Spaniards for this errand. And will you be- 
lieve me, they set off from the Mexican, and after spend- 
ing about as much time as would really have taken them 
to come to you, they returned, and reported they had been 
to your island and landed, and that none of you were 
there, somebody having taken you off ! This all my com- 
panions here know to be true. I knew it was impossible 
you could have been liberated, and therefore we deter- 
mined among ourselves that should an opportunity occur 
we would come and save your lives, as we now have.' He 
then expressed, as he hitherto had done (and I believe 
with sincerity), his disgust with the bad company which 
he had been in, and looked forward with anxiety to the 
day when he might return to his native country. 

*This proved to me that Mr. Bracket had been there, these being 
the ones which he took from the island. 

(To be continued) 



THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY. 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP. 



(Continued from Volume LVUI, page 22J/.-~) 

Hannah Burnap of Southboro, widow, and Thomas 
Brigham, surety, of Marlborough, yeoman, 29 March, 1756, 
guardianship of Hannah, aged about 11, daughter of 
David Burnap, late of Southboro. (Worcester Probate 
Records, 9255.) 

Hannah Burnap of Southboro, widow, and Thomas 
Brigham, surety, guardianship of Sarah Burnap, minor, 
aged about 4 years, daughter of David Burnap of South- 
boro, 29 March, 1756. (Ibid, 9173.) 

Mrs. Hannah Burnap, widow of David Burnap, late of 
Southboro, intestate, requests that Thomas Brigham of 
Marlboro take administration. He was appointed 24 
March, 1756, and rendered an account 10 May, 1757, in 
which he mentions Sarah, Mary, and Martha Burnap. 
(Ibid, 9149.) 

Children, by first wife, born in Hopkinton : 

207. A child, born 11 Dec, 1739; died 19 Dec, 1739. 

By second wife, born in Hopkinton and Southboro : 

208. Hannah, born (?) April, baptized 21 April, 1745; died before 

1756 probably. 

209. Sarah, born 7 May, 1752; died 5 Oct., 1756, Southboro. 

210. Mary, no record, unless there is an error and Rhoda, bap- 

tized 28 Sept., 1755, at Christ Church, as the "child of 
David," should be given as Mary, or it may be an error in 
the probate papers given above. It is believed, however 
that the above baptism is that of the daughter of Daniel 
Burnap, No. 205, and her marriage is recorded under that 
number. 

211. Martha, born before 1756; named in the administration pa- 

pers. 

118. Elizabeth Burnap, born 1 May, 1708 ; mar- 
ried, 11 January, 1727, at Christ Church, Hopkinton, 
James, born 17 June, 1703, at Hopkinton, son of James 
and Sarah (Cutter) Locke. He was a farmer in Hopkin- 

(153) 



154 THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY 

ton in 1725, and removed to Ashby in 1749, where he 
died, 1 September, 1782, ae. 79 years, 2 days. His wife 
died 25 November, 1785, at New Ipswich, N. H., at the 
home of her son-in-law, Ephraim Adams, being 77 years 
old. 

Children, born in Hopkinton — Locke : 

Elizabeth, born 19 April, 1728; died 26 June, 1798, ae. 71 
unmarried. 

James, born 20, baptized 23 Nov., 1729; married, 17 Dec, 
1753, Hannah Farnsworth. He died 19 Jan., 1808, ae. 78, 
at Sullivan, N. H. 

Sarah, born 24 June, 1732; married, 17 June, 1753, William 
Clark, Jr. She died 22 Sept., 1813, ae. 81, at Andover, Vt. 

John, born 16 Dec, 1733; married, 12 Nov., 1766, Beulah New- 
ton, at Southborough. He died 16 Feb., 1823, in his 90th 
year, at Sullivan, N. H. 

Rebecca, born 13 May, 1735; married, 18 Nov., 1761, as his 
second wife, Deacon Ephraim Adams. She died 1822, ae. 
87, at New Ipswich, N. H. 

Jonathan, born 7 Dec, 1737; married, 2 Oct., 1761, Mary 

Haven, widow Nichols, and 1807, Betsey Frink, widow 

Fields. 

DAviD.born 22 Feb., 1740; married, 4 Jan., 1779, Betsey Kibby 
(Kirby?) Parlin of Concord, Mass. He died 19 Aug., 1800, 
at Ashby, Mass. 

Ebenezer, born 22 May, 1742; died young. 

Martha, born 25 June, 1744; married, 28 June, 1769, William 
Withington, Jr. She died at Madison, N. Y. 

William, born 12 April, 1748; married, 18 June, 1772, at Lan- 
caster, Mary Fowle, and 13 April, 1813, Hannah, widow of 
Jonas Woolson. (Locke Genealogy, History of New Ips- 
wich, N. H.) A William married 21 Feb., 1773, Rebecca 
Barrett. He died 30 Mar., 1829, ae. 87. 

120. Jonathan Burnap, born 19 January, 1711/2; 
married, 10 July, 1735, at Christ Church, Hopkinton, 
Dorothy (Doritha, Dovally), born probably between 1712 
and 1720, daughter of Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Carr) 
Kimball of Wenham and Beverly, who removed to Hop- 
kinton. They had three children, and she died 31 Octo- 
ber, 1740, at Hopkinton. He then married, 21 April, 
1747, Elizabeth, born 17 February, 1725/6, at Windham, 
daughter of William and Ruth (Bemis) Averill of Tops- 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP 155 

field, Mass., and Windham, Conn. William Averill refers 
in his will to "my daughter Ruth Burnet," but probably 
he meant his grand-daughter, unless the Averill Genealogy 
errs. 

Jonathan Burnap was a partner in the Manufactory 
Company or Land Bank in 1740, like his brother David, 
q. v. 

Jonathan Burnap of Hopkinton, husbandman, consid- 
eration £960, conveyed to Seth Morse of Sherburn, hus- 
bandman, land in Hopkinton, 26 January, 1744/5. Wit- 
nesses : Caleb Greenwood, Thomas Russell. Acknowl- 
edged 16 May, 1745. (Middlesex Land Records, vol. 
lxi, p. 354.) 

Note : — The land of Benjamin and Daniel Burnap is 
mentioned, and the privilege reserved for Benjamin, 
Junior, and Daniel to pass through over a parcel. 

It seems likely that the family may have removed to 
Connecticut in 1745, rather than 1748, as stated below. 

He removed from Hopkinton in 1748, and in 1753 was 
in Hampton, Conn., in which year, being a member of the 
Scotland Church, he and others were allowed to join the 
Canada Society. He was one of the listers in 1755, and 
a tithing man in 1760. 

In 1769 the Society engaged in a heated controversy 
with its pastor, the Rev. Samuel Moseley, who, through 
the negative power allowed by the Saybrook Platform, 
assumed, what was considered, undue authority over his 
people. Jonathan Burnap was one of five prominent 
members who made up a committee to remonstrate with 
the pastor, and much recrimination resulted. The matter 
was finally brought to a vote of the members of the 
church, which resulted in Burnap and seven others being 
pronounced "guilty of scandalous violation of the third 
commandment, of publishing a false and scandalous pa- 
per, of abominable deceit, contemptuous abuse of the 
divine institution of discipline, scandalous violations of 
gospel injunctions, etc.," and they were called upon to 
make public acknowledgment of their sins on the Lord's 
day before the congregation. They refused to submit, 
and were sustained by public opinion and restored to fel- 
lowship. The matter was far from settled and again 



156 THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY 

broke out, Bitmap and two others still resisting, civil 
suits were instituted, and after some years the affair was 
taken before a council of the county churches. Here it 
was determined that neither party was guilty in the form 
alleged, and finally the whole thing was laid at rest. 

Jonathan Burnap died between March and June, 1785, 
and his wife was then living, but the date of her death 
has not been found. His will was dated 19 March, 1785, 
certified 11 June, and proved 5 July, 1785, and mentions 
his wife Elizabeth, Elizabeth Royce, Dorcas Burnap, Dor- 
othy Howe, Jonathan, Benjamin, James, Calvin, Luther, 
William Burnap, Ruth Parke, Martha Hebard, Catharine 
and Esther Burnap. 

Children, born in Hopkinton, by first wife: 

212. Dorothy, born 28 May, baptized 5 June, 1737; died 9 Dec. 

1781, Marlborough, 45th year. 

213. Elizabeth, born 17, baptized 18 Feb., 1738/9 (15 Nov., 1738, 

Church Records); died 27 Nov., 1812, Marlborough. 

214. Doroas (Darkes), born 25 Oct., baptized 2 Nov., 1740; died 

after 1785. 

Children, born in Windham, by second wife : 

215. Ruth, born 3 Feb., 1747/8; died after 1790. 

216. Jonathan, born 8 June, 1749; died after 1799. 

217. William, born 27 April, 1751; died after 15 July, 1769. 

218. Benjamin, born 21 Feb., 1753; died after 1785. 

219. James, born 5 April, 1756; died 27 Jan., 1840, Hampton, Conn. 

220. Martha, born 6 Mar., 1758 ; died 31 Dec, 1803. 

221. Calvin, born 18 May, 1760; died after 1785. 

222. Catherine, born 31 Mar., 1762; died after 1785. 

223. Luther, born 14 February, 1764; died 23 Dec, 1844, ae. 81, at 

Oxford, Mass. 

224. Esther, born 13 Aug., 1767; died Jan., 1848, Tolland, Conn. 

225. William, born 17 Sept., 1769; died after 1785. 

122. Hannah Burnap, born 26 October, 1715 ; mar- 
ried, 25 December, 1732, Jason Walker, born about 1708, 
died 13 February, 1787, in his 79th year, at Hopkinton. 
He was a deacon in the church ; his parents are not 
known. She died 13 October, 1803, at Hopkinton. 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP 157 

Children, born in Hopkinton — Walker : 

Jason, bom 23 Jan., 1733/4; died 18 Dec, 1756. 

Thomas, born 12 Aug., 1735. 

Asa, born 19 Mar., 1736/7. 

Joseph, born 9 Feb., 1738/9; "Deacon Joseph," probably he, 

married, 8 Nov., 1764, Sarah Wark. He died 15 Dec, 1813, 

75th year, Hopkinton. 
Hannah, born 8 July, 1741; probably she married, 2 Julyi 

1761, John Gibbs. 
Mary, born 28 July, 1745. 
Martha, born 22 July, 1747; probably married, 9 Dec, 1779, 

Joshua Andrews. 
Sarah, born 28 Nov., 1750. 
Mehitabel, born 5 Nov. [crossed out], 1753. 

126. Ruth Burnap, born 23 May, 1711 ; married, 19 
October, 1738, at Reading, John, born 31 January, 1710, 
at Reading, son of John and Elizabeth (Lynde) Smith. 
He was a deacon in the church, and his first wife died 23 
October, 1775, in her 68th year (si'<?.) (Town Burying 
Ground, Wakefield.) 

He married again, 26th September, 1776, Joanna Sy- 
monds, who died 10 March, 1809, a widow according to 
the records, although the History of Reading states that 
he had three wives. What appears to be his death is re- 
corded as of 7 December, 1782, in his 73d year. (Town 
Burying Ground, Wakefield.) 

Children, born in Reading, baptized in Wakefield — 
Smith. 

Timothy, born 18, baptized 22 July, 1739; died 23 July, 1747, 

ae. 10 yrs. 5 dys. (sic); Town Burying Ground, Wakefield. 

Ruth, born 20, baptized 21 Mar., 1742; died 29 July, 1742, ae. 

4 mos. 9 dys. (Town Copy, Reading.) 

Note. — There is some confusion in the records, as a child is said 

to have died July, 1742, ae. 3 mos.; in Wakefield Church Records 

also a Ruth, daughter of John and Ruth, died 9 July, 1743, ae. 3 

mos. 11 dys. Town Burying Ground, Wakefield. 

Ruth, born 6, baptized 13 May, 1744; died 23 Feb., 1744/5, ae. 
9 mos. 17 dys. (Town Copy, Reading); ae. 10 mos. (Wake- 
field Church Records). 
Anna, born 2 June, 1752. 

Lydia, born 2 Nov., 1753; married, 18 Dec, 1777, Jeremiah 
Brown. She died 1822, ae. 69. 



158 THE BURNAP-BTJRNETT GENEALOGY 

127. Anna Bttrnap, born 26 April, 1713 ; married, 
16 March, 1737, Jeremiah, born 14 September, 1708, in 
Reading, probably son of Samuel and Mary Brown. Their 
children are named in the will of Anna's father, the 
mother having died on 10 May, 1751 (Reading Town 
Records), "in her 39th year" (Town Burying Ground, 
Wakefield). He married again, 30 September, 1754, Ruth 
Welman, as would seem from the records. She is proba- 
bly the Ruth, daughter of Abraham and Elizabeth (Tay- 
lor) Welman of Lynn, and she died, "widow of Jere- 
miah," 25 October, 1786, ae. 61 years. (Wakefield Town 
Burying Ground.) He died 18 August, 1784, ae. 75 
years (Wakefield Town Burying Ground); ae. 77 years 
(Wakefield Church Records). 

Children, born in Reading, baptized in Wakefield — 
Brown : 

Thomas, born 14, baptized 23 April, 1738; probably married, 

15 June, 1762, Ruth Wolton. 
Samuel, born 14, baptized 18 May, 1740; married, 11 Oct., 

1762, Bridget Bryant. 
Sarah, born and baptized 27 Sept., 1741; probably married, 2 

Dec, 1766, Edmond Eaton. 
Hezkkiah, born 26, baptized 29 May, 1744. 
Anna, born 15, baptized 18 Jan., 1746/7; probably died 10 

Feb., 1760. 
Ruth, born 20, baptized 25 Mar., 1749/50. 

133. Rebecca Burnap, born 18 January, 1726/7 ; 
married, 19 January, 1747/8, at Maiden, Jacob, born 30 
April, 1723, son of Phineas and Tamzen (Thomasin) 
(Hill) Upham of Maiden. The intention was published 
19 September, 1747. He was a weaver in Reading, where 
he died 30 September, 1775, his estate being administered 
the following year. His wife died 14 March, 1779, and 
her will was proved that year. 

Children, baptized in Wakefield — Upham : 

Rebecca, born 2, baptized 4 Dec, 1748; died 1 April, 1749. 

Rebecca, born 9 Jan., 1750/1; died 10 Mar., 1777. 

Sabah, born 10 Jan., baptized 16 or 18 Mar., 1753; died 28 

June, 1753, ae. 5 mos. 
Sabah, born 7, baptized 16 July, 1754; died 24 May, 1775. 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP 159 

Mart, born 2, baptized 8 May, 1757; married, 4 April, 1780, 
William Tarbox. She died 18 Oct., 1820. 

Tamzen, born 5, baptized 18 Sept., 1759; died 26 Jan., 1822. 

Ruth, born 18 Jan., 1763; died 21 Mar., 1810. 

Jacob, born 16 May, 1766; married, 17 Mar., 1791, Sarah Pratt, 
and removed to Amherst, N. H. He married again 15 April, 
1827, Sarah Whittemore. He died 1 April, 1849. 

134. Hannah Burnap, born 17 July, 1721 ; mar- 
ried, 3 December, 1739, Jonathan, born probably 11 
September, 1718, son of Joseph Sibley of Sutton. His 
birth appears in the Sutton Town Records as "Ensign 
Jonathan," born as above, and his wife's birth is recorded 
as "Hannah, wife of Ensign Jonathan, born 17 July, 
1723," an error of two years. He died 30 March, 1787, 
"aged nearly 69," according to the Church Records, and 
his wife died 19 October, 1816, ae. 95. (West Sutton 
Burial Ground.) 

Children, born in Sutton — Sibley : 

Jonathan, bornlO Feb., 1741; married, 26 April, 1762, Eunice 
Perkins. 

Reuben, born 20 Feb., 1743; married, 30 Jan., 1765, Ruth Sib- 
ley; died 17 Nov., 1810, ae. 67. 

Huldah, born 13 Sept., 1745; married, 26 June, 1765, John 
Howard. 

Paul, born 26 April, 1748; married, 2 Dec, 1766, Sarah Put- 
nam. 

Gideon, born 20 Nov., 1750; married,28 April, 1772, in Oxford, 
Tamar Fitts. He died 21 Aug., 1846, ae 96; West Sutton 
Burial Ground. 

Tabeant, born 1 Sept., 1754; married, 22 April, 1779, in Ox- 
ford, Hannah Putnam. He died 26 July, 1823, ae. 68 
(gravestone). 

135. Ebenezer Burnap, born 10 June, 1723 ; went 
with his mother and stepfather to Sutton when he was 
about eight years old. He married, 28 September, 1749, 
Mary, daughter of Judge Wyman of Woburn. It is not 
clear which of the many Wymans was her father, and 
hence it is impossible to find the date of her birth. The 
History of Sutton states that they arrived in Sutton after 
1750, but we find no reason to doubt that the earlier date 
of 1731 is nearer correct. Accoidins: to this same au- 



160 THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY 

thority the Burnap farm was on Burnap, now called Bol- 
ton Hill, about 1750, and Ebenezer Burnap lived there 
until about 1770, when he removed to a spot about one 
hundred and fifty yards northeast, on the road from Bra- 
manville, Millbury, to the school-house in district number 
eleven, being the most northerly farm on that road and in 
part on the Millbury line. The house stood in the pres- 
ent garden, and was burned about 1833. A part of the 
barn still standing was in the original structure, but has 
had additions. This farm passed to his son Timothy, 
who helped his father to build the present house in 1815, 
and Timothy lived there until 1828, when, upon his death, 
his son Timothy took it, and, in 1830, Elijah, brother of 
Timothy, Jr., bought an interest, and they occupied it 
jointly till Timothy's death in 1858. Elijah sold it to 
Andrew B. Garfield, and he to Miss Mary E. Henry, who 
occupied it until 1878 with C. C. Hall, who had married 
a great-granddaughter of Timothy Burnap. At that time 
there were only fifty-two acres left in the farm. 
Children, born in Sutton, except the first : 

226. Mart, born 6 Aug., 1750, in Hollis, N. H. The birth of this 
child in Hollis cannot be explained, but is so given in Sut- 
ton Records. 

227. Sarah, born 3 Oct., 1751; died 26 Dec, 1815, ae. 64, in Leices- 

ter, Mass. 

228. Anna, born 19 Sept., 1752; died 11 June, 1813, Bethel, Vt. 

229. Timothy, born 25 Dec, 1753; died 4 Oct., 1828, Sutton. 

230. Ebenkzer, born 13 Oct., 1756; died 12 Mar., 1820, ae. 63, 

Ward, Mass. 

231. Thomas, born 19 Jan., 1758; died 13 Sept., 1819, ae. 62, Wind- 

ham, Vt. 

232. Abijah, born 11 April, 1760; died 21 Feb., 1839, Millbury, 

Mass. 

233. John, born 23 April, 1762; died 1 Sept., 1813, Windham, Vt. 

234. Uzziah, born 20 June, 1764; died 16 June, 1793, Hinsdale, 

N. H. 

235. Asa Wyman, born 2 June, 1765; died 1811, at West Boylston, 

Mass. 

236. Hannah, born 9 Dec, 1771; died after 1809, at Dixfield, Me., 

probably. 

136. John Burnap, born 3 February, 1726/7 ; mar- 
ried, 9 March, 1749, in Coventry, Conn., Susannah, whose 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP 161 

maiden name does not appear, nor is there any Susannah 
whose birth is in the Coventry records who could be this 
one. Two of their children were born in Coventry, and 
the remainder in Lebanon, where the family lived until 
1771; they then removed to Norwich,Vt., six children being 
then alive. They travelled on foot, carrying the family 
goods on their backs, the son Elijah, then fifteen years 
old, carrying a pack of fifteen pounds as his share. They 
built a log-house in the northeastern part of the town, 
and remained there until 1778, at which time they again 
removed, this time to Rutland. 

The following is quoted in the Vermont Historical 
Magazine, vol. 17, p. 1028 : 

In Council, Bennington, February 17, 1778. 
To Captain Joseph Bowker — Sir : 

Whereas, complaint is made to this council by Deacon 
John Burnap, that Moses Olmstead and . . . Owen of 
Pittsfield, did in December last take from him about 
twelve hundred weight of iron, which is detained from 
him ; he therefore desires this council that they would 
direct him in what manner he may obtain his property 
again. Therefore this council recommend to call together 
the members of the several committees in Rutland and the 
neighboring towns, to the number of five, to judge and 
determine the case pending between the above parties ac- 
cording to justice and equity. 

By order of council : 

Thomas Chittenden, President. 

The Trustees of Dartmouth College made a lease, 10 
April, 1782, for the ferry "between the College and John 
Sargeant's in Norwich" with John Burnap, he to provide 
a boat and constantly to attend the ferry. 

His wife died 23 April, 1784, and he married again, 10 
February, 1788, Ruth, born about 1730, whose surname 
was Hatch, but whose parents are unknown. 

He died about 1 November, 1804, while at work in the 
fields, and his wife 3 September, 1813, ae. 83. The epi- 
taph of the first wife reads : 

"Within this sacred bed of rest 
A tender mother lies, 
But she shall live among the just 
When Christ shall bid her rise." 



182 THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY 

Children, all by first wife : 

237. Susannah, born 30 Nov., 1749; died in Norwich, unmarried. 

238. Isaac, born 3 Jan., 1750/1; died 23 April, 1775, Norwich. 

239. Elijah, born Jan., 1756; died 8 Sept., 1819, Norwich. 

240. JAOOB,date of birth not known; died 23 Sept., 1777; in Revo- 

lutionary War. 

241. James, date of birth not known; died 26 April, 1784. 

242. John, date of birth not known; died in Thetford, Vt., ae. 88. 

243. Saeah, born about 1762; died 4 Sept., 1843, ae. 81, at Nor- 

wich, Vt. 

137. Abigail Burnap, born 15 November, 1735 ; 
married, 14 February, 1754, Daniel Skinner, at Coventry, 
but nothing further is known. 

138. Abraham Burnap, born 1 September, 1730 ; 
married, 8 November, 1753, at Coventry, Conn., Irene 
Wright (called Susan in Kingsbury Genealogy), whose 
name suggests relationship with Nathaniel and Irene 
Wright of Coventry, and who may have been a niece, of 
whom no further information has been found. Abraham 
Burnap is called "Captain," and it is very likely he who 
was a grantee, but not a settler, at Stafford, Vt., 12 Au- 
gust, 1761. Dates of death of Abraham and his wife 
do not appear in the Coventry records. 

Children, born in Coventry : 

244. Uriah (so-called by the father of Edward Lincoln Burnap of 

Norwich, but given in the records as Jeriah and Jerijah,) 
born 23 Nov., 1754; died after 1833. 

245. Daniel, born 1 Nov., 1759; died 26 Sept., 1838, ae. 86, at An- 

dover, Conn. 

246. Abneb, born 23 May, 1764; died in Royalton, Ohio, probably. 

247. Ibene, born 22 Sept., 1766; died 6 June, 1809, at Royalton, Vt. 

248. John (?) (according to Edward Lincoln Burnap's father there 

was a son of this name who had a disagreement with hi* 
brothers and went to Vermont. Possibly it is the cousin 
John, No. 242, who was meant.) 

143. Mary Burnap, born 13 April, 1737 ; married,. 
19 February, 1755, John Kingsley, born 1734. They 
were married in Windham, and the births of their chil- 
dren are recorded, but his parents have not been found. 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP 16$ 

Children, born in Windham — Kingsley : 
Enoch, born 2 Dec, 1755. 
Asael, born 10 Jan., 1758. 
Uriah, born 9 Sept., 1760. 

Rufus, born 11 April, 1763; married Lucinda Cutler. 
Jason, born 14 Nov., 1765. 
Adams, born 12 June, 1768. 
Chloe, born 17 Dec, 1770. 
Mary, born 25 May, 1773. 
Jacob, born 19 Dec, 1775. 
Abigail, born 19 Dec, 1775. 

144. Abigail Burnap, born 8 May, 1739 ; married, 
10 March, 1763, Archippus, born 10 October, 1735, in 
Windham, son of Isaac and Margaret (Smith) Parish, 
who had come to Windham from Ipswich, Mass. He died 
22 December, 1780, having made his will four days be- 
fore, and it was proved 10 January following. At this 
time he was living in Mansfield, Conn. 

Children, born in Windham and Mansfield — Parish : 
Abigail, born 25 Dec, 1763, in Windham. 
Mary, born 12 Oct., 1765. 
Annie. 
Alathea. 

Archippus, born 27 Jan., 1773, at Mansfield; married, 12 
Aug., 1806, Phebe Miller, at Morristown, N. J. He died 
Oct., 1847. 
Abraham, born 10 June, 1778, at Mansfield; married, 15 
March, 1801, at Mansfield, Jemima Wright. 

The History of Wyoming and Lackawana Valley Fam- 
ilies states that Abigail died in 1845, unmarried, and that 
Alathea was born 12 October, 1765, and married John or 
Timothy Childs, and had Bradley, died young, and 
Archippus. 

146. Elizabeth Burnap, born 17 December, 1742 ; 
married, 6 March, 1760, at Scotland, John Warren, whose 
parentage is unknown. They lived in Ashford, Conn, 
and there he died in 1811, and she 30 December, 1835. 
Children, born in Ashford — Warren : 

Sybil, born about 1776; died 30 March, 1792, in her 16th year, 

at Ashford. 
Naomi, born 1 Aug., 1778; died 11 Aug., 1780, ae. 2 yrs. 11 
mos., at Ashford. 



164 THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY 

Note — In Bennington, Vt., in 1836, there is a deed in 
which Justin Dimock, Joseph Starin and wife Calista, 
Anthony Bruise and wife Aurelia L., John Warren and 
wife Susan H. (all sign except Justin, for whom Elias 
Dimock signs), quit-claim to land in Windham (as heirs 
by will of Elizabeth Warren, deceased, to the estate of 
Jacob Burnett, Isaac Burnett and Naomi Spring), to John 
Burnett of Windham. This establishes the fact that 
Elizabeth Warren was one of the heirs to the estates of 
her brother Jacob, who died s. p. in 1814, and whose wife 
died in 1835, of her brother Isaac, who died unmarried in 
1830, and of her sister, who evidently married a Spring, 
of which this is the only evidence discovered. Justin 
Dimock was a brother of Calista, who married Joseph 
Starin, and they were children of Elias and Lydia (War- 
ren) Dimock, but John Warren could not be the brother 
of Lydia, since he was born at least ten years too late to 
have married Elizabeth Burnap. It is very probable that 
search in the records at Bennington and Ashford would 
bring the facts to light. 

150. Sibil Burnap, born 10 April, 1751 ; married, 
30 November, 1773, at Scotland, John Knox, but nothing 
further has been found. 

151. Naomi Burnap, born 11 April, 1753 ; married 
Spring (see deed under 146), but no other record 



has been found. She evidently died before 1836, leaving 
no children probably. 

152. James Burnap, born 21 March, 1755, is doubt- 
less the one who as a private, of Andover, Conn., in 
Captain Henry Abbot's company, marched on the alarm 
of 19 April, 1775, service 7 1/2 days. Also he enlisted 
voluntarily under Captain James Stedman of Windham, 
to serve until April, 1776, in a regiment under the Gov- 
ernor's proclamation of January, 1776, and who appears 
in a receipt for wages in the same company, Colonel John 
Douglas's regiment, 17 June, 1776. 

He was a Justice from Hampton, Conn., and one of the 
subscribers to the meeting house fund in 1787, in the 
Westminster Society. 



BY HENRY WYCK0FF BELKNAP 165 

His business was that of a hatter, and he invented a 
process of forming hat-bodies which was not a success, 
and after disposing of his plant he "removed westward," 
according to Weaver's History of Windham. This must 
have been later than 1817, as in that year he was one of 
a committee on the county seat. 

He married, 14 May, 1*778, Phebe, born 21 June, 1759, 
daughter of John and Mary (Cary) Baker, who died 7 
August, 1811, ae. 52 (Canterbury Inscription). 

Children, probably all born in Canterbury : 

249. James, born about 1780; died before 1863. 

250. John Baker, born 3 Feb., 1782; died 10 Jan., 1851, at Canter- 

bury. 

251. Clark, born about 1787; died before 1863. 

252. Naomi, born about 1794; died 8 Oct.. 1866, at Providence, 

R. I. 

253. Phebe, no record found. 

153. John Burnap, born 28 April, 1757, is said by 
Weaver, in the History of Windham, to have served in 
the Revolutionary war, and a Burnap of the name is 
among the list of those who did, but the records are not 
in such form as to be surely those of John of Scotland. 
He married, 30 March, 1786, Sarah, daughter of Robert 
and Anna (Cushman) Avery, and lived on Merrick's 
Brook in Scotland. She was received into full communion 
in the Scotland Church, 26 June, 1796, and he was a se- 
lectman of the town about 1818. He died 9 February, 
1840, but no record of his wife's death has been found. 

Child, born in Scotland : 

254. Ann, born 19 Sept., 1789; baptized 10 July, 1796; married 

Ebenezer Young of Killingly; no further record found. 

154. Jacob Burnap, born 20 February, 1761 ; mar- 
ried Esther, possibly the daughter of Captain Elisha and 
Mary (Abbe) Wales of Ashford, but no record of her has 
been found. He lived in the Scotland district of Wind- 
ham, and died there about 1814, while his wife survived 
him until 24 August, 1835. They had no children. 

The will of Jacob Burnet of Windham mentions brother 
James Burnet, wife Esther, brother John Burnet, dated 
6 March, 1810, proved 24 March, 1814, by Esther Bur- 
nett, relict. 



166 THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY 

The family name often appears as "Burnet" in the 
Windham branch, but this form does not seem to have 
been consistently used. 

155. Joseph Bdrnap, born 13 January, 1723/4, may 
have been married twice, although no record of the first 
wife appears. The births of his children are not recorded, 
but their baptisms in the Second or North Reading Con- 
gregational Church are found, and their mother's name 
was Lydia. The latest is in 1767, but the mother's death 
is not on record. In 1775 a Joseph married Lydia Me- 
lendy (12 January), who is supposed to be the one who 
died in Charlton, Mass., 6 September, 1814, ae. 85, and 
from the fact that the record reads "the mother of brother 
Melendy," it would seem that she was a widow of a Me- 
lendy, though no marriage of a Melendy to a Lydia is to 
be found. Either John Melendy of Reading or Richard 
of Medford, Reading, and Amherst (N. H.), could have 
had a son who was her husband, and the fact that Joseph 
Burnap, in a deed in 1785, refers to Lydia as "my now 
wife", would strengthen the belief that she was a second 
wife. 

William Upton of Reading, housewright, consideration 
£ 26:13: 4, to Joseph Burnap of Reading, yeomau, land 
in Reading and Wilmington, 24 February, 1777. Wit- 
nesses: Timothy Russell, Margaret Russell. Acknowl- 
edged 16 April, 1777. (Mddx. Land Records, vol. 
lxxviii, p. 171.) 

Joseph Burnap of Reading to John Nichols, Jr. (men- 
tions Lydia my now wife), 4 July, 1785. (Mddx. Land 
Records, vol. cclxvi, p. 33.) 

The will of Joseph Burnap: 

20 March, 1806, of Reading. To Lydia my wife, to 
son John, to son Joseph, to son Jacob, to son Edward, liv- 
ing in Fitchburg, land in Fitchburg ; to daughter Lydia 
Cutler, to daughter Sarah Miles, to sons Joseph, Edward, 
James (the last to receive all debts and pay all legacies) ; 
John, Joseph, Jacob, and Edward, to divide $40 amongst 
my grandchildren after son James's decease. James ex- 
ecutor and residuary legatee. Witnesses: Benja. Holt, 
Amos Damon, Timothy Russell. Proved at Woburn, 25 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP 167 

April, 1809. (Mddx. Probate Records, vol. cvi, p. 494.) 
Children, baptized in North Reading Congregational 
Church, by first wife : 

255. Joseph, baptized 1745; died young doubtless. 

256. James, baptized 1749; died 29 Dec, 1821, ae. 72, at Reading. 

257. John, baptized 1752; died 4 May, 1813, at Reading. 
257a. Lydia, baptized 1758. 

258. Joseph, baptized 22 July, 1759. 

259. Jacob, bapt. 4 Oct., 1761 ; died 14 June, 1807, at Fitchburg. 

260. Edward, bapt. 16 Sept., 1764; died 1 Aug., 1827, at Fitch- 

burg. 

261. Sarah, baptized 5 July, 1767. 

163. Ruth Burnap, born 18 December, 1727 ; prob- 
ably married (intention), 4 February, 1748/9, in An- 
dover, Joshua, born 11 June, 1724, at Andover, son of 
John and Mehitabel (Wilson) Holt. 

Children, born in Andover — Holt: 

A child, born 18 Oct., 1750; died young probably. 

Isaac, born 15 May, 1752; married, 8 Jan., 1778, Hannah 
Stevens. 

Israel, baptized 17 May, 1794; married, 18 March, 1783, Abi- 
gail Bailey. 

Uzziel, baptized 1 March, 1761; died 19 Feb., 1762. 

Ruth, born 11 May, 1758; died 17 Aug., 1825, ae. 77, unmar- 
ried. 

Hannah, born 17 March, 1764; married, 4 Jan., 1781, William 
Phelps of Salem. 

Uzziel, born 12 April, 1766. 

Mioah, born 31 Mar., 1768; perhaps married, 15 April, 1798, 
Rachel Cook; died 5 Sept., 1840, ae. 72. 

Tabitha, born 20 Feb., 1770; died 17 March, 1849, ae. 73 or 
79 (2d Burying Ground, North Andover), unmarried. 

167. Ruth Burnap, born 28 November, 1733; married, 
5 February, 1765,at Reading, Joshua, born 23 March,1731, 
at Wilmington, Mass., son of Lieutenant Jonathan and 
Elizabeth (Russell) Jones. He had married, first, Hepzibah 
daughter of Ebenezer and Tabitha (Burnap) Flint,No.l03, 
who died in 1764. He inherited a part of his father's 
estate in Wilmington, and died within the year of his 
marriage, as administration upon his estate was granted 



168 THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY 

to his brother Josiah of Andover 3 September, 1775, 
while his brother-in-law, Captain John Flint, was appoint- 
ed guardian of three minor children by his first wife. 

The widow then married, 23 September, 1773, Daniel, 
born 22 July, 1725, son of Samuel and Joanna Pratt of 
Reading, who had previously had a wife named Abigail, 
who died in 1771. Her death does not appear, and he 
died 22 June, 1795, in his 70th year (Laurel Street Bury- 
ing Ground and Congregational Church Records), or 
June, 1796 (Town Records). There do not seem to have 
been any children by this marriage. The widow Ruth 
received <£22: 5: 0, "in consideration of her quitting the 
estate" of Joshua Jones. (See New England Historical 
and Genealogical Register, vol. lxi, p. 354.) 

168. Elizabeth Burnap, born 27 January, 1736/7 ; 
married, 4 April, 1765, at Reading, John, probably son 
of Bartholomew and Keziah (Pudney) Buxton of Salem ; 
if so, baptized 1734, at Reading. He served in the Rev- 
olution, and died in 1821, at Packersfield, N. H., ae. 91, 
having removed from Reading, first to Wilton, N. H., and 
later to Packersfield (Nelson). The date of her death 
has not been found. 

Children — Buxton : 

Eunice, baptized 18 May, 1766, at Reading; perhaps died 28 

May, 1820, at Reading. 
Timothy Russell, born 7 March, 1773, at Wilton; married 

Eunice Chandler. He died 10 April, 1847, at Packersfield 

(Nelson), N. H. 

171. John Burnap, born 25 June, 1744; married, 24 
December, 1767, Mary Hayward, born 8 March, 1740, at 
Reading, whose parents are not known. John was prob- 
ably the one listed as a voter in the Second Parish, Read- 
ing, in 1771. He may also be the one who enlisted, 24 
April, 1775, as a private in Captain John Bacheller's com- 
pany, Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's regiment, and who ap- 
pears in several service records in that year. He is said 
to have been in Temple, N. H., for a short time, and to 
have then removed to Packersfield (Nelson), N. H. He 
is also said to have died 28 May, 1815, and his wife 26 
February, 1825. Neither his death nor that of his wife 
are to be found in the Reading records it is certain, and 
the last child recorded was born in 1781. 

(To be continued) 




K ul 



5 5 

E 1 



SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES. 



The Ship "George." 



By George Granville Putnam. 



(Continued from Volume LIX, page £^.) 

This passage of the George from Cape Good Hope to 
Salem is believed to be the quickest on record of any sail- 
ing vessel from the Cape to a North Atlantic port, partic- 
ularly New York, Boston, Capes of Delaware, or Salem. 
The writer has seen the reports of scores of sailing vessel 
passages, but in no instance did he find a single one among 
all the fast tea clippers that even equalled it. So the glory 
all belongs to this old Salem ship. 

The ship Mandarin, Capt. Cook, sailed from Sand 
Heads, Feb. 11, for Salem, and arrived here July 16, 161 
days' passage from Calcutta, 153 from Sand Heads, the 
Greorge thus beating her 66 and 60 days respectively. 

Sixteenth Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem Aug. 10, 1831, Jonathan H. Lovett, 
Jr., master. Crossed the Equator Sept. 7, 27 1-2 days 
out ; passed Cape Good Hope Oct. 8, 59 days out, and 
arrived at Sand Heads Nov. 22, 104 days from Salem, and 
at Calcutta Nov. 26, all well. Sailed from Calcutta Jan. 
13, 1832 ; Sand Heads, Jan. 17 ; passed Cape Good Hope 
March 4, 46 days from Sand Heads; crossed the Equator 
March 27, in longitude 30.26 W., 69 days out, and ar- 
rived at Salem April 20, 1832, 93 days' passage. Voyage, 
eight months and ten days, her quickest round trip. Du- 
ties, $60,386.20. 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Jonathan H. Lovett, Jr., Beverly ; mate, Ed- 
ward Kilham, Beverly ; second mate, Charles H. Allen ; 
supercargo, James B. Briggs, Salem; carpenter, John L. 
Lovett, Beverly; seamen, John West, Charles D. Mugford 
and Francis A. Winn, Salem ; William Lovett, Jr., and 
John Lovett, Beverly ; Charles Bush, John Goldsmith, 

(169) 



170 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

William H. Allen and Andrew Haraden, Jr., Salem ; Cal- 
vin Wallis, Beverly ; Richard W. Seccomb, Salem ; Ed- 
ward F. Weld, Beverly; steward, John Tucker, Salem; 
cook, William Drew (Dorchester), Salem. 

Consignees — Joseph Peabody, James B. Briggs, Jona- 
than H. Lovett, Jr., Ebenezer Seccomb, Jr., Robert Peele, 
3d, Peter E. Webster, Edward Kilhani, Andrew Hara- 
den, Jr., Samuel G. Rea, William H. Allen. 

Three ships sailed from Calcutta previous to the George, 
but she outsailed them all. They were : Ship Fenelon, 
Capt. Joseph Webb of Salem, from Calcutta, Dec. 23, 
1831, Sand Heads Dec. 27, for Boston, where she arrived 
April 24, 1832, 118 days' passage; ship Tremont, Capt. 
Darling, from Calcutta, Dec. 28, 1831, Sand Heads Jan. 
3, 1832, for Boston, and arrived April 30, 117 days' pas- 
sage ; ship Mount Vernon, Capt. Davis, from Calcutta, 
Jan. 4, 1832, Sand Heads Jan. 14, for Boston, where she 
arrived May 20, 126 days' passage, having lost bulwarks 
in a long and hard gale off Cape Good Hope. 

Seventeenth Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem, Aug. 7, 1832, Jonathan H. Lovett, 
Jr., master. Crossed the Equator Sept. 13, 37 days out ; 
passed Cape Good Hope Oct. 11, 65 days out, and arrived 
at Sand Heads Dec. 16, 131 1-2 days' passage from Salem, 
and at Calcutta Dec. 21. Sailed from Calcutta Feb. 7, 
1833; Sand Heads, Feb. 12; passed Cape Good Hope 
April 6, 53 days out ; passed the Equator April 28, 75 
days out, and arrived at Salem May 22, 1833, 97 days 
from Sand Heads. Voyage, nine months and fifteen days. 
Duties, $17,162.94. 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Jonathan H. Lovett, Jr., Beverly ; mate, Ben- 
jamin Balch, Jr., Salem ; second mate, Charles H. Allen, 
Salem ; supercargo, Samuel Barton, Salem ; carpenter, 
John L. Lovett, Beverly ; seamen, William H. Allen, 
Salem ; Calvin Wallis, Beverly; John Goldsmith and 
William Peele, Salem ; Thomas Williamson (Fairfax 
County, Va.), Salem ; Joseph Noble, Jr., Dan vers; Charles 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 171 

Bnsh, Salem ; John W. Allen, Manchester; John Church, 
Beverly ; Perley Z. M. P. Putnam, Salem ; Edward F. 
Weld, Beverly ; William B. Graves, Salem ; steward, John 
Tucker, Salem ; cook, Charles Hollis, Salem. 

Consignees — Joseph Peabody, John L. Lovett, John 
Tucker, Jonathan H. Lovett, Jr., William H. Allen, Ben- 
jamin Balch, Jr., Charles Bush, Calvin Wallis, Peter E. 
Webster. 

Off Cape Good Hope, the Q-eorge spoke the ship Brook- 
line, of Salem, Capt. Samuel Kennedy, Sr., of Salem, 
bound to Boston, which sailed from Calcutta seven days 
before the George. Capt. Lovett tried hard to speak the 
Brookline, but that ship would not answer. The Greorge 
arrived at Salem exactly two weeks before the Brookline 
reached Boston. Meeting the mate of the Brookline on 
Salem Common one day, Mr. Balch asked him why he did 
not answer the George off Cape Good Hope. The reply 
was, "The old man (a term always applied by sailors to 
their master) was so mad to think that you had caught us 
that he would not allow me to reply." When the Brook- 
line left Calcutta, Capt. Kennedy offered to take home 
letters from the Greorge, but Capt. Lovett politely declined 
the kindness, saying, "We shall sail in a few days, and I 
guess the George will get home as soon as the Brookline.'''' 

August 24, 1832, seventeen days after the Greorge left 
Salem, the brand new ship Dover, Capt. Austin, sailed 
from Boston for Calcutta. Before the Greorge sailed, 
wagers were laid that the Dover would make the shorter 
passage, that she would arrive out first, and that she 
would complete the voyage first. The Q-eorge arrived at 
Calcutta in 136 1-2 days from Salem, as before stated. 
She loaded her home cargo, and was proceeding down the 
Hoogly river, when a ship was seen coming up the river, 
bound to Calcutta. "What ship and from where ?" shout- 
ed Capt. Lovett. The reply was drawled out, "The 
Dover, 170 days from Boston." The first news of the 
Dover after she left Boston was brought to Salem by the 
Greorge in the foregoing report. Such were some of the 
instances of sailing ship days, now no more. 

Thomas Williamson, who was induced to try a voyage 
n the Greorge, in the hope that a sea trip would result 



172 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

beneficially, died on board the G-eorge, of consumption, off 
Sand Heads, Feb. 12, 1833, on the homeward passage. He 
was off duty most of the outward passage, and was in the 
hospital at Calcutta six weeks. When the George sailed 
for home he begged Capt. Lovett to take him and not to 
leave him there alone to die. His request was granted. 

Eighteenth Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem July 7, 1833, for Gibraltar, Jona- 
than H. Lovett, Jr., master. She was to load quicksilver 
for South America. She arrived at Gibraltar July 27, 
and remained there seven months, and finding it impossi- 
ble to obtain a cargo, returned to Salem. She sailed from 
Gibraltar Feb. 28, 1834, and arrived at Salem April 1. 
Passage out, 20 days ; home, 32 days, both good. Voyage, 
eight months, twenty-five days. Duties, $149.18. 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Jonathan H. Lovett, Jr., Beverly ; mate, Ben- 
jamin Balch, Jr.; second mate, William H. Allen, Salem ; 
supercargo, Samuel Barton, Salem; carpenter, John 
Burns, Salem ; seamen, Henry Warden (New York), 
Salem ; William Harris and Nathaniel Lane, Salem ; 
William C. Fauvell (Baltimore), Salem ; James Bates 
(Washington), Salem ; William Upton, Timothy Green- 
leaf, Henry B. Manning, and Perley Z. M. P. Putnam, 
Salem ; John James (Anconia), Salem ; Caleb Buffum, 
Jr., and Thomas Brown, Salem; steward, John Tucker, 
Salem ; cook, John G. Powell, Salem. 

Consignees — Joseph Peabody, merchandise and 46 gal- 
lons red wine from Gibraltar. 

Nineteenth Voyage. 

The foregoing voyage not proving to the liking of 
either the ship or the owner, she was returned to her first 
love, the Calcutta trade. Sailed from Salem July 30, 
1834, Jonathan H. Lovett, Jr., master. Crossed the 
Equator Aug. 27, 28 days out ; passed Cape Good Hope 
Sept. 24, 56 days out, and arrived at Sand Heads Nov. 
15, 109 days from Salem, and at Calcutta Nov. 19. Left 




SHIP "ALFRED" OF SALEM 

Joseph Felt, Master. Jacob Gottfreid Agge, Mate. 

Frcm a copy of the original water-color painting by Nicolai Carmillieri, in 1807, 

now in the Peabody Museum, Salem 




SHIP "AREATUS" OF BOSTON 

Built at Bristol, Maine, in 1837. Lost in 1850. 

From a painting in possession of the Peabody Museum, Salem 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 173 

Calcutta Feb. 8, 1835 ; Sand Heads, Feb. 12 ; passed 
Cape Good Hope April 5, 53 days out ; crossed the Equa- 
tor April 29, in longitude 31.30 W., 76 days out, and ar- 
rived at Salem May 25, 1835, 102 days from Sand Heads. 
Voyage, 9 months, 25 days. Duties, $16,374.24. 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Jonathan H. Lovett, Jr., Beverly ; mate, Ben- 
jamin Balch, Jr., Salem ; second mate, William H. Allen, 
Salem ; supercargo, Samuel Barton, Salem ; carpenter, Eze- 
kiel Goss (Mendon), Salem ; seamen, Daniel Andrew, 
Salem; John Johnson (Sweden), Salem; Stephen Church, 
Beverly ; James Symonds and John Hancock, Salem ; John 
Shurtleff (Philadelphia), Salem; Oloff Anderson (Sweden), 
Salem; Charles E. Flagg, Beverly; Custadia M. Vieira 
(Brazil), Salem; John F. Lovett, Beverly; Caleb Buffum, 
Jr., Salem ; Thomas V. Oliver (Weathersfield, Vt.), 
Salem ; steward, John Tucker, Salem ; cook, London Ru- 
liff, Salem. 

Consignees — Joseph Peabody, William H. Allen, Ben- 
jamin Balch, Jr., Samuel Barton, Jonathan H. Lovett, Jr. 

Passengers from Calcutta, Mr. Haines, Miss Eliza 
Haines and servant, John W. Kalon, and John A. Burn 
ham. 

The George did not always wait for favorable weather, 
when ready for sea. When she sailed from Salem on this 
voyage, July 30, at 2 P. M., the wind was east and the 
weather thick and rainy. 

On the outward passage the ship averaged five and a 
half knots an hour, and the distance sailed was only 14,581 
miles by the log. 

Twentieth Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem June 16, 1835, for Calcutta, Benja- 
min Balch, Jr., master. Crossed the Equator July 19, 33 
days out ; passed Cape Good Hope Aug. 24, 69 days out, 
and arrived at Sand Heads Oct. 7, 113 days from Salem. 
Left Calcutta Jan. 6; Sand Heads, Jan. 9, 1836; passed 
Cape Good Hope March 4, 55 days out ; crossed the Equa- 



174 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

tor March 26, in longitude 28.34 W., 77 days out, and 
arrived at Salem April 20, 102 days' passage. Voyage, 
ten months and four days. Duties, $15,929.98. 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Benjamin Balch, jr., Salem ; mate, William H. 
Allen, Salem ; second mate, Stephen Church, Beverly ; 
supercargo, Samuel Barton, Salem; carpenter, Ezekiel 
Goss (Mendon), Salem ; seaman and clerk, Thomas V. 
Oliver (Weathersfield, Vt.), Salem ; seamen, Philip Man- 
ning, Jr., Joseph Trask and John Patey, Salem ; John 
Fisher (London), Salem ; William Shaw (Liverpool), 
Salem ; John Murey (Western Islands), Salem ; John 
Barnes (Wilmington, N. C), Salem ; John Messervy and 
Augustus Hitchens, Salem; Thomas A. Robbins, Dan- 
vers. 

Consignees — Joseph Peabody, James B. Briggs, Joseph 
W. Peabody, Benjamin Balch, Jr., William H. Allen, 
Samuel Barton, J. Chamberlain. 

Previous to leaving Calcutta on her twentieth voyage, 
the Banian merchants of that port presented to the ship 
a complete and beautiful "freedom suit" of silk signals 
and colors, which for many years remained in the posses- 
sion of the late Colonel Francis Peabody, and possibly 
may still be in existence. When the ship was off Cape 
Good Hope, February 22, on this voyage, guns were fired 
from the quarter, the vessel was dressed from stem to 
stern in her new silk colors, and a general jollification 
took place, all in honor of the birthday of George Wash- 
ington. 

The George spoke in the Hoogly river, bound up to Cal- 
cutta, the ship Trescott, Capt. Lindsey, 130 days from 
Boston. 

Twenty-First Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem Aug. 5, 1836, for Calcutta, Benjamin 
Balch, Jr., master. Arrived at Calcutta about Dec. 12. 
Left Calcutta Jan. 25, 1837 ; Sand Heads, Jan. 30, and 
arrived at Salem May 17, 1837, 107 days from Sand 




-J o 

< CE 

03 LU 



• — © 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 175 

Heads. Voyage, nine months and twelve days. Duties, 
$17,043.29. 

Deposited in the Essex Institute by Frank Balch, Mrs. 
Frederick W. Broadhead and Miss Elizabeth Balch, is a 
silver service of four pieces, which was presented to 
Captain Balch for his humane assistance at sea, on this 
voyage, of the passengers and crew of the English ship 
Heroine. 

Captain Balch was on the passage from Salem to Cal- 
cutta when he sighted, on November 16, 1836, a ship 
showing signals of distress. He immediately bore down 
to her, and found her to be the Heroine, short of provis- 
ions, and bound from London for Calcutta, with passen- 
gers aboard. He supplied her with provisions and took 
some of the passengers aboard the George. The silver 
service bears the names of the passengers. 

A Calcutta paper gives the particulars of the assistance 
rendered by Captain Balch to the passengers and crew of 
the Heroine, taken from the log book of the Heroine and 
republished in the Salem Register of May 29, 1837, as 
follows : 

"November 16, 1836, at 6 A. M., after several days of 
anxious watching, we at last observed a sail about ten 
miles to windward, steering the same as ourselves, N. N. 
W. The ensign and signal, 'I wish to speak to you,' 
were hoisted in conspicuous parts. The stranger now 
bears towards us. Passengers all on the qui vive, and 
once more our countenances beamed with joy at the pros- 
pect of assistance. 

"The gallant ship came most beautifully under our 
stern, and her commander inquired if we were in want of 
assistance. On an affirmative reply being returned, they 
hove to immediately. We then read on her stern, ' George, 
Salem.' The Coccle Shell so unwillingly supplied us by 
the Navarino served to convey the second mate and my- 
self to the George, Captain Balch, from Salem for Cal- 
cutta, out 103 days. 

"It will be difficult to describe the kind reception we 
met with on board of this hospitable American, who im- 
mediately offered whatever we required, and presently her 
boat, as well as ours, began loading with flour, biscuits, 



176 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

bread, salmon, and other fish, pork, beef, some ropes, and 
half the quantity of potatoes remaining. The handsome 
manner in which these were given out and the kind feel- 
ing shown by the commander, officers and crew of the 
George considerably enhanced the value of their service. 
Even our own men were supplied by the American crew 
with tobacco, cigars, etc. 

"Captain McCarthy's feelings were quite overpowered, 
and he could not help going on board the American per- 
sonally to thank them. Myself and some of the passen- 
gers, who were particularly anxious to get up to Calcutta 
without delay, were welcomed and most handsomely ac- 
commodated by the captain, the chief mate (William 
Henry Allen of Salem), who gave up his cabin, the su- 
percargo (James B. Briggs of Salem), and I need not say 
much to convince you that we met with the noblest feel- 
ing of sympathy and kindness during the few days we 
were under the command of Captain Balch." 

The Heroine probably arrived at Calcutta all right, as 
no further mention was made of her, and all that she 
needed when the George spoke her was provisions. It 
will be noticed that the foregoing does not state when and 
where the presentation was made, but as the news was 
first published in a Calcutta paper, the inference may well 
be drawn that it took place in that city. 

Officers and Crew. 

Master, Benjamin Balch, Jr.; mate, William H. Allen, 
Salem ; second mate, John Barnes, Salem ; supercargo, 
James B. Briggs, Salem ; seamen, Henry Johnson (Balti- 
more), Salem ; Winfield Ricker (Dover, N. H.), Salem ; 
Francis Deneasche (Genoa), Salem ; John Stevenson 
(Hull, Eng.), Salem ; William Richards, Samuel Benson 
and Henry B. Silsbee, Lynn ; David Brown (Thomaston, 
Me.), Salem ; Francis Pulsifer (Salem), Beverly (he was 
taken sick, and Richard Patterson was substituted) ; Ed- 
ward H. Trumbull (Haverhill), Salem ; Thomas V. Oliver 
(Weathersfield, Vt.), Salem ; steward, John Tucker, 
Salem ; cook, Hazard Fletcher (Marblehead), Salem. 

Consignees — Joseph Peabody, James B. Briggs, Joseph 





£ r. 




Z CO 
X ° 

O 2 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 177 

W. Peabody, Benjamin Balch, Jr., William H. Allen, John 
Tucker, Tucker Daland, Daniel Perkins, T. V. Oliver. 

After her twenty-first voyage, the old ship was sold to 
Jefferson Adams and Caleb Smith, and was fitted for a 
voyage to South America. She sailed from Salem Sept. 
24, 1837, Jefferson Adams, master, for Pernambuco and 
a market. She arrived at Pernambuco Nov. 4, proceeded 
to Bahia and Rio Janeiro, and was condemned at Rio 
Janeiro previous to January 12, 1838, and sold for 6000 
millreis, and this was the end of the old Salem ship George, 
small in size, but great in achievement. 

The writer has before him a copy of a note written to 
him many years ago by the late George B. Foster, which 
reads as follows : "When Captain Peabody decided to 
sell the ship in 1837, her former officers got up a fishing 
party, and with other friends, one summer morning in 
June or July, 1837, went down the harbor in the yacht 
Caravan, and caught a fine mess of cod and haddock. At 
noon they boarded the George at her anchorage, and with 
the addition of another party from the shore, Tucker 
Daland, the clerks from the counting room, supercargoes, 
captains, and other officers of former years, had a glorious 
dinner on the old ship. Captain Balch, Captain Endicott, 
Captain Briggs, Captain William H. Allen, and other 
officers, myself and other friends, were present. One in 
particular I recall (the relative of the man who made up 
his mind, if Colonel Leslie, at North Bridge, in February, 
1775, ordered his soldiers to fire on Robert Foster and 
his party, who 'hoisted the Draw,' to clinch him around 
the waist and jump overboard with him), whose brilliant 
fun kept the party in royal spirits all day. I well remem- 
ber when the George sailed from Salem on her last voyage. 
We watched her departure as that of an old friend, which 
she was, and one very dear to us all, because of the mem- 
ories that clustered around her. It was a day of sorrow 
in Salem." 

The following is a tabular statement of the several 
voyages of the George, her entrances at the Salem Custom 



178 



SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGBS 



House, the names of her commanders, and the amount of 
duties paid on her several cargoes : 



Date 
June 13, 1816, 
Sept., 1817, 
April, 1819, 
May, 1820, 
April, 1821, 
April, 1822, 
April, 1823, 
May, 1824, 
May, 1825, 
May, 1826, 
May, 1827, 
May, 1828, 
June, 1829, 
May, 1830, 
May, 1831, 
April, 1832, 
May, 1833, 

April, 1834 (Gibraltar), 
May, 1835, 
April, 1836, 
May, 1837, 



Captain 
William Haskell, 
Thomas West, 



Samuel Endicott, 



Thomas M. Saunders, 
it n <t 

Samuel Endicott, 
Thomas M. Saunders, 

(< (C u 

Samuel Endicott, 
n ti 

Jonathan H. Lovett, Jr., 



Benjamin Balch, Jr., 



Total, 



Duties 
$48,272.07 
48,968.72 
44,519.45 
38,239.42 
21,940.39 
17,257.91 
21,910.96 
28,082.63 
59,778.56 
47,931.53 
42,915.57 
21,875.72 
21,055.68 
42,915.57 
44,933.48 
60,386 20 
17,162 94 
149.18 
16,374.24 
15,929.98 
17,043.29 

$651,743.32 



A glance at the George will be of interest at this time. 
Her length, beam, and depth of hold have been before 
stated, but the following was related to the writer in the 
course of an evening by the late Captain Thomas M. 
Saunders and Captain Charles H. Allen : "The deck was 
one unbroken sweep from the bow to the stern. The only 
house on it was the "doctor's office" (galley). Forward 
was the old-fashioned windlass, which required all hands 
to weigh anchor ; also the forecastle, companionway. Aft 
was the long tiller, wheels not being in use in those days, 
and the cabin companionway. There were but two hatches, 
and through them were lowered and hoisted thousands 
upon thousands of dollars' worth of cargo. 

"All of the cables, with the exception of one for the 
starboard anchor, were made of rope, and it was not until 
the ship had made many voyages that the chain was car- 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 179 

ried. One cannot help being amazed as he compares, in 
his mind's eye, this world-trotter with any of the modern 
clippers of later years, any one of which she could out- 
sail. The latter had magnificent cabins, luxuriously fur- 
nished, and spacious forecastles, galley and other houses, 
fitted with conveniences, on deck. 

"Below : — Aft was the cabin, divided by a single parti- 
tion, the forward part being used for the dining room. 
Opening from this were the "staterooms" of the captain, 
mate, and supercargo. In the after cabin was the second 
mate's stateroom, by far the pleasantest on the ship. The 
officer could stand in the middle of it and obtain a fine 
view through the two large stern windows of the rolling, 
tumbling, never quiet ocean. Just forward of the cabin 
were the steward's and store rooms. 

"Then came the ''tween decks' space, forward of which 
was the forecastle, with its bunks for the crew. When 
the ship was in ballast trim, 'Jack' would sling his ham- 
mock in the ''tween decks,' but when the vessel was load- 
ed there was no connection between the cabin and fore- 
castle, excepting by going up on deck. As one left the 
ship he noticed that she had paiuted ports, and those, 
with the peculiar rake of her masts, gave her the appear- 
ance of a man-of-war." 

An important member of the ship's company was a very 
large black and white cat, that the crew named "George," 
because that name fitted the feline. "George" made 
three voyages in the ship — the second, third and fourth. 
On the fifth voyage he was taken aboard the ship, but 
somehow made his escape. The morning after the ship 
sailed he was found sitting on the doorstep of the house 
of Second Mate Thomas M. Saunders. When the ship 
returned, "George" was away on a voyage to Cape Good 
Hope, having been borrowed by the master. The sixth 
voyage was made without him, but when the ship started 
on her seventh voyage the cat, which had in the meantime 
been at the home of Mate Saunders, was again taken 
aboard the Greorge, and this time was perfectly contented 
to remain. He was a great favorite with the crew, and 
he had free range of the whole ship, and, like Robinson 
Crusoe, he was monarch of all he surveyed, and his right 



180 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

there was none to dispute. At sea, he would go over 
the ship into the channel, in good weather, watch his 
chance, and catch a flying fish for a repast, after which 
he vvould sprawl himself on deck and go sound asleep. 
In port at Calcutta, he never offered to leave the ship, 
but would often go up the mast and out on the yards and 
watch the men at work. On the seventh voyage he be- 
came poisoned in some way, and died. Kequies cat in 
pace ! 

The writer never learned that the ship ran short of 
food, but the supply of firewood on the second voyage, on 
the homeward passage, fell shy. To make the matter 
worse, the cook was taken sick, and a sailor being obliged 
to take his place, the natural result was an increased con- 
sumption of fuel. By the strictest economy, however, 
and by being put on allowance, the stock lasted until the 
ship reached Salem. 

Frequent reference in these articles has been made to 
the crack sailing of the ship. Captain Saunders, in his 
twelve voyages from boy to master, never saw her beaten. 
"Yet," he said to the writer, "I never knew her to make 
over thirteen knots an hour, for at that rate she would 
bury herself in the sea, and sail had to be shortened, for 
nothing was being gained. In light winds she would fan 
along when others were at a standstill. The largest day's 
work that I ever knew her to roll up was 250 miles. 
Some extreme clipper ships are recorded as having made 
in a day from 350 to 400 miles, but none of them, not 
one, has ever excelled her passage of 41 days from Cape 
Good Hope to a North Atlantic port (22 from St. Helena 
and 19 from the Equator). And where can be found a 
better average of 21 round voyages between Calcutta and 
the United States ? 

Perhaps some of the passages from Salem to the Equa- 
tor appear rather long, but the fact must be borne in 
mind that the George almost always left home at the time 
of year when calms and light airs prevailed between 
those points. That fact considered, the passages, even 
then, are good. 

The G-eorge was almost invariably piloted to sea by 
Captain Joseph Perkins, father and son, and from sea to 







5 c 




BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 181 

port by Captain Perkins or Captain Ambrose Martin. 
The shipkeeper for the first two voyages was Captain 
Thomas Phippen, and for most of her later voyages 
Philip Manning. 

Her officers and sailors enjoyed an enviable reputation 
for seamanship, and Ephraim Emmerton, when super- 
cargo, wrote, "All of the crew are skilled in lunars and 
navigation, and the cook only, an African, cannot read 
or write." At the time of their ceasing to follow the 
sea, of those who used "to hand, reef, and steer" aboard 
of her, 45 ranked as captains, 20 as mates, and six as 
second mates, and quite a number as supercargoes. The 
men who had charge of the culinary department were 
eminently trustworthy and unexcelled in any particular, 
while the floor of the cabin, always as white as snow, for 
it was not carpeted, the polished brass work, and the 
exquisite neatness of the cabin, testified to the diligence 
and pride of the stewards. 

In a note written by the late Hon. Henry L. Williams, 
a former mayor of Salem, he states that Joseph Peabody 
built 26 vessels — 12 ships, 11 brigs, and 3 schooners, and 
he owned at various times 59 vessels, as follows : 

Ships (19) — Franklin, Cincinnatus, Sally, Augustus, 
Mt. Vernon, Francis, Janus, Glide, George, China, Cath- 
erine, Sumatra, Eclipse, Naples, Lotus, Duxbury, Car- 
thage, Isaac Hicks, and New Jersey. 

Barque (one) — Pallas. 

Brigs (28) — Alonzo, Welcome Return, Sally, Betsey, 
Three Brothers, Three Friends, Neptune, Resolution, 
Catherine, Augusta, George, Rotund, Levant, Speed, 
Superb, Cossack, Dawn, Canton, Pioneer, Amazon, Niag- 
ara, Roque, Cambrian, Hope, Jason, Leander, Acorn, and 
Mexican. 

Schooners (nine) — Equality, Cynthia, Fishhawk, John, 
Nabby, Hazard, Tiger, Hunter, and Tabitha. 

Sloops (two) — Merrimack Packet and Lively. 

Mr. Peabody imported from Calcutta, between 1807 
and 1840, 4554 chests of Bengal indigo, about 1,500,000 
pounds of which the ship G-eorge brought in 17 voyages, 
3283 chests, about 755,000 pounds. 



182 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

He shipped about 6500 men, and his ships made, among 
others, 47 voyages to St. Petersburg, 38 to Calcutta, 32 
to Sumatra, and 17 to Canton. He promoted to captains 
in his employ 35 men who entered his service as boys, 
In addition to the foregoing, his vessels made 20 voyages 
to the North of Europe, 20 to Mediterranean ports, and 
many to the West Indies, Spanish Main, and along our 
coast. He was also largely engaged in a Northwest Coast 
Trading and Navigation company. He died Jan. 5, 1844, 
and his venerable form and dignified presence are remem- 
bered to-day. 

Captain William Haskell. 

It may be of interest to the reader to learn something 
of the officers and men of the George on her many voy- 
ages between Salem and the East Indies, and first will be 
presented a sketch of the original commander, Captain 
William Haskell. 

From a paper on "Descendants of William Haskell of 
Gloucester," by Ulysses G. Haskell of Beverly, published 
in the Historical Collections of the Essex Institute, vol- 
ume 32, the writer learns that Captain Haskell was born 
in Ipswich, in March, 1768, the son of Mark and Eliza- 
beth (Ingersoll) Haskell, and he died in St. Jago, Cuba, 
April 25, 1833, aged 65 years. 

He was mate of the ship Cineinnatus, owned by Joseph 
Peabody, on a voyage between Salem and Sumatra, 1802- 
1803, and commanded by Captain Samuel Endicott, Sr. 
The ship loaded a full cargo of pepper for Salem, but on 
the way home put into the Isle of France for provisions. 
There Captain Endicott was offered a sum for his cargo, 
much higher than he would receive for it in Salem, the 
cargo to be delivered in France at the owner's risk. 

In July, 1803, when north of the Equator in the North 
Atlantic, the Cincinnatus was met by five English men- 
of-war, and was ordered to come alongside of the com- 
modore's ship. Captain Endicott was ordered aboard, but 
before leaving the Cineinnatus he handed a bag containing 
the ship's cargo accounts, with instructions to Mr. Haskell 
to sink it in case the ship should be searched, because if 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 183 

the ship was found to contain cargo for a French port, she 
would be confiscated. 

The British officers came aboard and began a search of 
the ship, and at a signal from Captain Endicott, the ring- 
ing of the cabin bell, Mr. Haskell cut the line holding the 
bag, which was hidden in the rudder case, and the bag 
and contents sunk. The English officers finding nothing 
contraband aboard, allowed Captain Endicott to proceed, 
first notifying him that England and France were at war, 
that the Bay of Biscay was full of war vessels, and that 
all French ports were blockaded. Captain Endicott then 
came straight to Salem with his cargo, and arrived here 
in September, 1803. 

On the next voyages of the ship, in 1803, 1804, 1805, 
and 1806, Captain Haskell was in command. In Septem- 
ber, 1807, Mr. Peabodjr gave him command of his new 
ship Francis, but owing to the embargo, the ship did not 
leave Salem for two years. When she did sail the Francis 
was the first vessel to leave Salem on a voyage to the east- 
ward of Cape Good Hope after the embargo of 1809. He 
commanded the Francis on other voyages, and probably 
other vessels, before being placed in command of the 
George. He joined Essex Lodge, A. F. and A. M., March 
10, 1808, and the old Salem Marine Society October 31, 
1806. He was a privateersman in the War of 1812. 

Captain Thomas West. 

Captain Thomas West died at his home, 125 Essex 
street, Salem, Jan. 24, 1849. He was 76 years old, and 
had served as a privateersman in the War of 1812. 

Captain Samuel Endicott. 

Captain Samuel Endicott died in Beverly, Jan. 28, 1872, 
in his 79th year. He was born in Beverly, July 18, 1793, 
the son of Robert and Mary (Holt) Endicott, his mother 
being a daughter of Rev. Nathan Holt of Danvers. Capt. 
Endicott was in the seventh line of direct descent from 
Gov. John Endicott. He was mate with Capt. Thomas 
West, and succeeded him in command of the ship, being 



184 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

master from 1820 to 1824, and again in 1827, 1830, and 
1831. 

Captain Thomas M. Saunders. 

In an illustrated volume, entitled "A Record of the 
First Fifty Years of the Old Ladies' Home, at Salem," 
the late Hon. Robert S. Rantoul wrote the following inter- 
esting sketch of Captain Thomas M. Saunders : 

"Captain Thomas Mason Saunders was born June 11, 
1795, possibly in the brick house numbered 260 Essex 
street, and now known as "The Rainville." The house 
had belonged to his great-grandfather, Philip Saunders, 
and passed from him to his son Daniel, who was living at 
the birth of Thomas. There is little certainty about the 
place of his birth. His family at one time occupied the 
Joseph Jenkins Knapp house, which stood on Essex 
street, between Curtis and Orange streets, and has since 
then been removed around the corner, being now num- 
bered 5 on Curtis street. They also lived at one time in 
the quaint old Morgan house, numbered 358 Essex street, 
in which Captain Saunders and his sisters, Mrs. Johnson 
and Mrs. Stevens, have owned shares, and in which Wash- 
ington is thought to have visited the Clarkes in 1756. 
The house is employed as an illustration in the elaborate 
Pickering Genealogy and in the Institute Memoir of 
Frederick Townsend Ward. Captain Saunders must have 
been born in one of these three houses. 

"His father, Daniel Saunders, Jr., a well-known master 
mariner of Salem, encountered, in 1792, terrible seafaring 
experiences, which led to the publication of a biographical 
narrative of what he endured at the cruel hands of the 
Arabs on the east coast of Africa and of his thrilling 
escape. The book, printed by Cushing at Salem in 1794, 
is entitled "A Journal of the Travels and Sufferings of 
Daniel Saunders, Jr., a Mariner upon Board the Ship 
Commerce of Boston, cast away near Cape Morebet, on 
the Coast of Arabia, July 10, 1792." 

The catastrophe, which happened just before the birth 
of Captain Thomas Saunders, cannot fail to be of interest 
here. This is, in brief, the story : The father sailed 







TITLE PAGE OF AN EARLY 19th CENTURY LOG BOOK 
Kept by Thomas M. Saunders on Ship " George" 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 185 

from Salem for the Cape of Good Hope, May 4, 1791, as 
second mate of the Derby snow Grand Sachem, Captain 
Jonathan Carnes, master, proceeding to the Isle of France, 
where he arrived August 30, and quit the snow, preferring 
a place as able seaman on the ship Commerce, of Boston, 
Captain John Leach in command, Captain Carnes taking 
in exchange a seaman from the Commerce. Reaching 
Madras, March 25, 1792, Captain Leach turned the ship 
over to a Captain Johnson, a stranger to the coast. Bad 
weather prevailed. Says the log: "Sailed for Bombay; 
. . . Ship lost, July 10, on the coast of Arabia Felix ; 
grounded two or three miles from shore at 3 A. M., on a 
dark night." The nearest port having European trade 
was Muskat. Travelling fifty-one days on foot, without 
supplies, in reaching Muskat, the party of twenty-seven — 
nineteen blacks and eight whites, all who had succeeded 
in getting ashore — three others had been drowned — were 
reduced to the last extremity, and dropping oat from 
exhaustion, one by one, the surviving remnant of them 
encountered every peril, privation, terror and distress, 
which human beings could possibly survive. The sun's 
rays were at times so hot that camels refused to move, 
and the scorching sand blistered the bare feet by day, 
while it furnished them a welcome and the only covering 
for their rest at night. Stripped of their clothes, without 
hats to shield them from the midday sun, their flesh the 
prey of vermin, for days without drink, their only food 
dry, salted shark's meat, onions, crabs, and dates ; sleep- 
ing under the stars, or pressing on by night that they 
might spare themselves the ardor and glare of the sand 
and the terrible potency of the sun ; strangers to the re- 
freshing sight of grass, no rain for fifty days of cloudless 
sky, a month without a razor or a comb, the bondmen of 
land pirates, roving Bedouins of the desert, the most dar- 
ing of men, yet afraid to sleep under a roof, who scorn 
to abide continuously on a single spot of earth, their name 
for the ocean the 'water desert,' untaught children of 
nature's waste places, who live on rice, dates soaked in 
kurds, no eggs, no poultry, meat for their great feasts 
only, a kid, or perhaps a camel calf, for nuptial ceremo- 
nies or funereal rites, and for the general consumption 



186 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

rats, lizards, snakes and locusts, — with such surroundings 
this was the life, if bare endurance can be accounted life, 
which the survivors of that unspeakable tragedy sustained. 
One after another they perished by the wayside, until, at 
the close of August, the eight survivors of the twenty- 
seven dragged themselves into Muskat, as their chronicler, 
Captain Saunders, hopefully and quaintly says, 'once 
more placed in a situation to seek a living in this varie- 
gated, troublesome world. " 

The mother of Captain Thomas Saunders was Sarah 
Phippen Gill, a granddaughter of Deacon David Phippen, 
one of the descendants of the Fitzpens of Dorset. Cap- 
tain Saunders grew up with his sisters, being the only 
son of his father, who died before 1810, a wreck in 
health and fortune, and of a devoted mother, who se- 
cured a modest competency for the family by teaching a 
private school in the Morgan House. Circumstances fos- 
tered a manly independence in the boy before he left 
school. His sisters were Sarah, who married Captain 
Emery Johnson, and Eliza, who married John Stevens, a 
Salem tradesman. The grandfather of Captain Thomas 
Saunders, Captain Daniel Saunders, Senior, had married, 
in 1770, Sarah, a daughter of Captain Jonathan Peele, 
whose mother was Margaret, a daughter of Captain 
Thomas Mason, by his wife, Preserved Lambert. Philip, 
the father of Daniel, Senior, with Mary Elkins, his wife, 
lie buried just on the north of the entrance to St. Peter's 
Church. Other kindred rest in the old Charter street 
ground. 

In early life Thomas Mason Saunders had learned the 
calling of a compositor in the office of the Essex Register, 
but, preferring the wild freedom of the ocean to the con- 
finement of the printing case, he abandoned that vocation 
to follow the sea. His first voyage was with Captain 
Nathaniel Phippen, in the brig Betsey, sailing in 1811 
from Salem to Matanzas and return. He next shipped, in 
1812, in the Peabody brig Levant, from Salem for Havana 
and back. Like so many of his townsmen, he sturdily 
worked his way from forecastle to quarterdeck. At the 
age of seventeen, when war broke out, he joined the Essex 
Coast Guard, but left it to sail as mate, under Captain 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 187 

Joseph Ropes, in the Crowninshield's famous privateer 
America on her first cruise, and, after some months of un- 
varying success, he re-enlisted, with a dozen of his fel- 
lows, for the second cruise. All of the squad, save Sam- 
uel Hutchinson and he abandoned the America and shipped 
on board a Portsmouth privateer, which sailed from that 
port and was never heard of again. He next shipped on 
Joseph Peabody's brig Speed for Havanna, and, on his 
second trip in her, was captured by a British frigate and 
suffered a long imprisonment in Bermuda. At the close 
of the war he sailed before the mast, May 23, 1815, on 
the first voyage of Captain Peabody's favorite ship George, 
named for his third son, and commanded by Captain Wil- 
liam Haskell. In her he made a round dozen of wonder- 
ful Calcutta voyages, rising through every grade of ser- 
vice from able seaman to master, and commanding her on 
her four passages in the years 1824, 1825, 1827, 1828. 
Neither Captain Saunders nor Captain Endicott, nor any 
mariner who trod the George's decks — they were of the 
best blood of Essex County — ever tired of sounding the 
praises of that ocean greyhound. She went and came 
with the regularity of a shuttle, her crews wore uniform, 
her discipline was worthy of a man-of-war, and Captain 
Peabody, on being rowed down the harbor to welcome her 
return from a long voyage, with a cargo of the nature of 
which he knew nothing, — there was neither cable nor 
wireless then, and the George sailed faster than a letter 
could be dispatched, — when he learned that Captain En- 
dicott had shrewdly and wisely, but without orders, filled 
her hold, saluted that trusted navigator with the hearty 
ejaculation, "You have made my fortune." 

"To have sailed as master of the George was among 
the distinctions of Salem seamanship, and Captain Saun- 
ders ranked with the best of commanders. The life of 
the ship was twenty-two years, and Captain Saunders 
sailed in her, as boy and man, on more than half of her 
voyages. Her average outward-bound passage to Calcutta 
was one hundred and fifteen days, and her homeward- 
bound passage averaged one hundred and three days. 
Captain Saunders, in 1825, navigated the George from 
Salem to Sand Heads in one hundred and ten days, and, in 



188 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

1827, he brought her home in ninety-eight days. The 
ship won her freedom suit on her last voyage, when she 
was presented with a fine set of silk colors by the Banian 
merchants of Calcutta. This was in 1836-7. Forty-five 
graduates of this training school became masters of ships, 
and twenty-six others became mates. 

"In the Derby employ, Captain Saunders commanded 
at sundry times the ship Mi. Vernon, the Georgia, and the 
Briggs Brothers, and in the Whites' employ he commanded 
the barque Eliza. He sailed his last voyage in the ship 
Arab, from Boston to Calcutta and back, as supercargo, in 
1840. 

The circumstances of his quitting Captain Peabody's 
employ and of his chartering the Georgia for himself and 
a few friends, are characteristic of the man. Tucker 
Daland was then in the management of the Peabody 
counting room, and, during a period of depression, sug- 
gested a reduction of pay. Captain Saunders said noth- 
ing, but started for Boston by the next conveyance, and, 
before his return, had become a merchant on his own ac- 
count. 

"Captain Saunders was a man of the most genial tem- 
per, and while far from garrulous, was a facile talker and 
made his conversation most entertaining to young and old, 
to those who had, like him, as well as to those who had 
not, enjoyed a wide acquaintance with the world at large. 
His descriptions of seafaring experiences in the East 
seemed to unfold Oriental life like a panorama before the 
listener. He was a ready and elegant penman, and made 
charts in red and black ink of his voyages around the 
world, some of which adorned the walls of his dining- 
room and some of which are preserved. Having quit the 
sea when he was but forty-five, he passed a long life 
amongst his friends at home, living always in the house 
so much identified with him, and busying himself with the 
occupations of his garden and of a delightful social and 
family life. He married, in May, 1823, Eveline Allen of 
Manchester, a daughter of Captain William Allen, and a 
half-sister of Captain Charles H. Allen of Salem. His 
wife, who survived him but a few weeks, died October 31, 
1879. 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 189 

"Captain Saunders died in his 85th year, after a week's 
illness, the only illness of his life, August 19, 1879. His 
children were three sons, and he outlived them all. The 
sons, who all followed the sea, were George Mason, Charles 
Franklin, and Edward Allen. 

"Captain Saunders had been a youthful parishioner of 
Doctor Bentley, and was an attendant at the Sunday 
school of the old East Church on Essex street, and, later, 
at the newer house of worship on Washington Square. 
With no taste for public life, he yet allowed himself to 
be chosen to the Common Council for the years 1844 and 
1815, and to the Board of Aldermen for the years 1846, 
'47, and '48. Some of the duplicate log books, which 
membership in the East India Marine Society required of 
him, as of every shipmaster, are preserved in the Society's 
collection. He joined the East India Marine Society in 
1826." 

Captain Jonathan H. Lovett, Jr. 

Captain Jonathan H. Lovett, Jr., died in Beverly, April 
4, 1882. He went to sea when 15 years of age. At 19 
he became second mate of the George, and he made nine 
voyages in her, the last four as commander. He was a 
member of the Dane Street Church, Beverly, 47 years. 
During the latter years of his life he engaged in the fish- 
ing business, and he was always noted for his promptness 
and fidelity in fulfilling all his obligations. He was the 
grandfather of Miss Annie F. Lovett of Beverly. 

Captain Benjamin Balch, Jr. 

Captain Benjamin Balch, Jr., was a son of the late Ben- 
jamin Balch, who for many years was a watchmaker and 
jeweler in Salem. The son early went to sea, and, in 
1829, was mate of the ship Glide, which was totally 
wrecked at the Fiji Islands. All of the crew, excepting 
a few, were killed. He was held by the natives, at that 
time utterly barbarous, for over two years. They curious- 
ly tattooed his hands, feet, and portions of his body, and 
the colors held bright to the day of his death. The story 
is told in a small book entitled "The Wreck of the Glide." 



190 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

Hot and unhealthy climates broke down his constitution 
and he was an invalid several years. He was the father 
of the late David Moore Balch, a distinguished chemist 
of California, who died several months ago, and of the 
late E. Frank Balch, so long agent of the Naumkeag 
Steam Cotton Company, Salem. A sketch of Captain 
Balch is printed in the Essex Institute Historical Collec- 
tions, Volume VIII. 

First Officer. 

Jacob Gottfried Agge, the first officer of the ship on 
the first and second voyages, was born in Carlscrona, Swe- 
den. Just when he came to Salem the writer knoweth 
not, but before he was mate of the George he held the 
same position on the ship Alfred, Captain Joseph Felt, on 
a voyage to Marseilles. He married Miss Mary Gale of 
Marblehead in 1803, and he died in Salem in January, 
1832, of typhoid fever. The late Jacob Agge, who for 
many years carried on the blacksmith business in South 
Salem, and who is well remembered by older Salem peo- 
ple, was his son. William Agge and the Misses Anna A., 
Chattarina W., and Emily M. Agge of Linden street, are 
his grandchildren, and in their home hangs a beautiful 
picture of the ship Alfred. 

Second Officer. 

Charles Henry Allen left the ship after his fifth voyage. 
He was born in Salem, July 31, 1810, in the Wellman house, 
still standing, on the corner of Hardy and Derby streets. 
He was the son of Captain William Allen, a shipmaster. 
Oct. 10, 1826, he shipped as a green hand on the brig 
Midas, owned by Stephen W. Shepard, whose counting 
room he left to go to sea. He arrived home June 15, 
1827, the vessel having been sold during the voyage. He 
then joined the George, as a light hand, and made live 
voyages in her, the last two as second mate. He made 
two voyages in the brig Leander, Capt. James Silver, one 
to Smyrna and the other to Matanzas, between voyages in 
the George. Leaving the George, he became mate of the 
ship Brookline, Captain George Pierce, owned by Stephen 




o 



to 



: c 
* O 



CQ 



00 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 191 

C. Phillips, making a double voyage in her between Salem, 
Batavia, Whampoa, Hamburg, Batavia (second time), 
Manila, Whampoa, Manila and New York, being absent 
thirty-three months. He next commanded the Brookline, 
the ship Eliza, ship St. Paul, in which he made five voy- 
ages, the ship Syren, and the ship Shirley, all of Salem. 
He spent thirty-three years and six months abroad, made 
twenty-two voyages to India, fifteen as master, four to 
other countries, and went around the world three times. 
He never used tobacco or liquor in his life. He died in 
Salem, May 28, 1899, in his 89th year. 

Supercargoes. 

Daniel Hopkins Mansfield, who was the first supercargo 
of the ship, died in Salem, Dec. 24, 1874, aged 73 years. 
He joined the ship at Pernambuco, and was then only 14 
years of age. He followed the sea long after leaving the 
Q-eorge, and was master in the African trade, sailing sev- 
eral voyages as commander of the barque Emily Wilder. 
He was later United States consul at Zanzibar, and was 
most efficient in the discharge of his duties. It is related 
of him that while at Zanzibar two sailors came in from 
sea in an open whale boat. They claimed that their ship 
had been wrecked, and they applied to him for assistance. 
He did not like their appearance, but took charge of them 
for a while. He was satisfied that they were deserters 
and had stolen the boat. The men found they were sus- 
pected, and disappeared. He sold the boat, and when the 
whaler to which they belonged put into Zanzibar for sup- 
plies, Captain Mansfield paid the money over to the com- 
mander. For many years Captain Mansfield was a mem- 
ber of the First Baptist Church in this city. 

Samuel Endicott. 

Samuel Endicott died in Salem, May 1, 1828, after a 
short illness, aged 65. He was a direct descendant of 
Governor Endicott ; in early life an active shipmaster, 
and afterwards an enterprising merchant. Captain Endi- 



192 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

cott had represented this town in the Legislature of the 
Commonwealth, and sustained in the various relations of 
life a fair and unblemished character. A faithful husband 
and kind parent, he has left behind him a most interesting 
and lovely family to mourn this melancholy bereavement. 
— Salem Register of May 5, 1828. 

Ephraim Emmerton. 

Ephraim Emmerton, supercargo of the Greorge in 1820 
and 1821, under Captain Endicott, died in Salem, March 
22, 1877, aged 85 years. In early life he was a mercan- 
tile clerk to his relative, Captain Clifford Crowninshield, 
and subsequently made several voyages around the world. 
He was a member of the Salem East India Marine Society 
fifty-four years, and in the library of that society is a jour- 
nal kept by him while in the Greorge. After leaving the sea 
he became a merchant and engaged in foreign commerce, 
with a success commensurate with his energy, enterprise, 
and sagacity. He was a member of the famous old Essex 
Guards, a company organized for home defence during 
the War of 1812. Captain Thomas M. Saunders was also 
a member, and he and Mr. Emmerton were afterwards 
shipmates together on several occasions, notably in the 
Greorge, when the former was first officer. Mr. Emmerton 
was the father of Captain Charles S. Emmerton, a Civil 
War veteran, now living in Salem, and the late George 
R. Emmerton and Captain E. Augustus Emmerton of the 
old commercial firm of Ropes, Emmerton & Co. of Salem. 

Samuel Barton 

Died in Salem, Feb. 1, 1840, of consumption, aged 35 
years. He was supercargo on the 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 
15th, 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th voyages of the ship, 
making more round trips in her than any other person, 
with the exception of Captain Saunders, whose voyages 
numbered twelve. 

(To be continued.^) 



THE 



ESSEX INSTITUTE 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



VOL. LIX— JULY, 1923. 



Issued Quarterly 




SALEM, MASS. 

PRINTED FOB THE ESSEX INSTITUTE 

1923 



ESSEX INSTITUTE HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

The Historical Collections are published quarterly with illustra- 
tions, each volume containing a complete index. Subscription 
$3.00 per annum. 

Entered at the Post Office in Salem, Massachusetts, as second class matte r. 

CONTENTS— JULY, 1923. 

1. Salem Vessels and Their Voyages. By George Granville \ 

Putnam. (Continued.) (Illustrated). . . . . 193 

2. The Suppression of Piracy in the West Indies. By 

Francis B. C. Bradlee. (Illustrated.) (Continued.) . 217 

3. The Burnap-Burnett Genealogy. By Henry Wyckoff 

Belknap. (Continued) . 265 

4. Old Norfolk County Records. (Continued.) . . . 281 

SALEM VESSELS AND TBEIR VOYAGES. 
By George Granville Putnam. 

Figuring prominently in the East India commerce after the Revo- 
lution, was the Pepper Trade between Salem and the Island of Su- 
matra, — a trade marked by romance, pathos, tragedy and prosperity. 
The first American vessel to visit the northwest coast of Sumatra 
and to bring a consignment of pepper in bulk to this country was 
the property of Salem merchants, commanded by a Salem shipmas- 
ter and manned by Salem men. 

Mr. Putnam, Who is an authority on Salem shipping, has gathered 
from old newspapers and other sources the story of the sagacity 
and heroism of the men of Salem and nearby towns in bringing 
their valuable cargoes to this port, interspersed with anecdotes of 
thrilling adventures with the Malays. 

160 pp. with Index; 8vo.; 42 full-page illustrations, comprising 75 
separate pictures. Blue boards. Price, postpaid, $3.50. 



THE EASTERN RAILROAD. 
By Francis B. C. Bradlee. 

The demand for this historical work by Mr. Bradlee has been 
constant since the first edition was exhausted, and at the solicita- 
tion of those interested in railroading all over the country, this new 
edition, with additional material and illustrations, is herewith pre- 
sented. 

The Eastern Railroad, which ran from Boston to Portsmouth, 
N. H.,-was incorporated in 1836, and Was one of the first railroads 
built in New England. 

300 copies printed; pp. 122; 24 full-page illustrations; Svo. Cloth, 
$3.50 per volume. 

New Catalog of all Publications of the Essex Institute sent on 
application. 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

OF THE 

ESSEX INSTITUTE 



Vol. LIX July, 1923 No. 3 



SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES. 



The Ship " George." 



By George Granville Putnam. 



(Continued from Volume LIX, page 192.~) 
Capt. James B. Briggs 

Died in Salem, Dec. 3, 1857, aged 67 years. A notice 
in the Salem Register says : "Capt. Briggs was bred to 
the sea. For many years he was one of our most accom- 
plished and trusted shipmasters and factors in the com- 
merce with East Indies and China. When he relinquished 
this pursuit he was elected president of the Essex Insur- 
ance Company, and continued to discharge with fidelity 
and success the duties of this office till the expiration of 
the company's charter. ... He was a gentleman well 
known and highly esteemed in this community. He was 
an amiable, upright, honorable man ; a man of quick sen- 
sibilities and a cheerful and happy temper ; a pleasant 
companion, a lover of children, unselfish, prompt in 
deeds of kindness and charity, and a good neighbor. 
George W. Endicott. 

George W. Endicott, son of John and Mary (Putnam) 
Endicott, was born in Danvers, Jan. 15, 1800, and mar- 
ried, May 5, 1834, Sarah S., daughter of Abel Lawrence, 
merchant, and removed to Kingston, N. Y. He became 
a member of Essex Lodge, A. F. and A. M., June 14, 
1825. 

Captain William Henry Allen, 
who was the last first officer of the George, in the 1835 
and 1836 voyages, died in the Mindoro Sea, June 4, 1848, 
while commander of the ship Hamilton, which sailed from 
Manila May 30, 1848, for Boston. He was born in Salem, 

(193) 



194 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

Nov. 27, 1811, the son of Captain Henry and Mrs. Hannah 
E. Allen, and was a grandson of Captain Edward Allen. 
He was a clerk in the counting room of Nathaniel West 
on Derby wharf in 1830, and he joined the Greorge as a 
boy in August, 1831. 

His promotion was rapid, as he was a highly intelligent 
man. In six years' time he became master of a vessel — 
the brig William Penn. The brig was the smallest be- 
longing in Salem, and was owned by Captain Allen and 
William A. Rea. She was only 82 50-95 tons, was built 
in Salem in 1832, was 69 feet and 4 1-2 inches long, 17 
feet and 10 inches beam, and 7 feet and 6 inches depth 
of hold. Captain Allen sailed from Salem, Sept. 14, 1837, 
for Cape de Verde Islands, Rio Janeiro, and a market. 
He sold her at Rio Janeiro and returned as passenger in 
the Avon, Aug. 23, 1838. Antonio Imperial, a well-known 
and very efficient Salem mariner of his time, was mate 
of the William Penn. In 1841 Captain Allen was master 
of the ship Mason, and Captain Charles D. Mugford was 
mate. 

Seamen. 

Captain William Driver, ''Old Glory," as he is known 
to-day wherever flies the Stars and Stripes of America, 
was born in Salem, March 17, 1803, and he died in 
Nashville, Tenn., March 2, 1886. He lived in Nash- 
ville nearly half a century. He graduated from 
the old West grammar school, Salem, under Masters 
Hacker, Sawyer and Emerson, successively, before he 
was 13 years old, and went to sea, continuing, to use his 
own expression, for many years, "backing and filling all 
over the globe, anywhere but the home of his birth, yet 
always at home, and never less alone than when alone." 

After leaving the George, he made many voyages to 
different parts of the world, soon rising to command. In 
January, 1831, he sailed from Salem in command of the 
brig Charles Doggett, belonging to N. L. Rogers & Broth- 
ers. On this voyage occurred one of the most memorable 
events of his sea life, the rescue of the Pitcairn Islanders, 
descendants of the famous Mutineers of the Bounty. In 
July, 1831, he arrived at Matta Why (Dead or Still 
Water), the Matava Bay of Captain Cook. At the village 
of Bobi Ali (Small Water), he found sixty-five of the 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 195 

inhabitants of Pitcairn Island, poor, sickly, despondent 
creatures, huddled together in a large thatch house, in 
which twelve of their number had died of a kind of ship 
fever, or typhoid. The gallant captain took them back 
to their native home, and received their most grateful ac- 
knowledgments. 

Just an allusion must here be made to the story of 
"Old Glory" and of Captain Driver's sturdy patriotism 
during the Civil War. When General Nelson's wing of 
the Union army took possession of Nashville, in February 
1862, Captain Driver carried his flag, "Old Glory," as he 
had been used to call it, to the State House, and hoisted 
it with his own hands on the Capitol, amid, as he wrote, 
the heaven-shaking cheers of thousands, "over this proud 
city," he added, "where I have been treated with scorn 
and shunned as one infected with the leprous spots." 

This flag was an elegant one, 35 by 19 feet in dimen- 
sions, and was presented to him in a foreign port by resi- 
dents to whom he had rendered some special service. He 
had concealed it in a "comfort" early in the rebellion, and 
kept it on or under his bed, not a child of his knowing 
where to find it. He wrote : "He had been my fellow- 
prisoner and bed-fellow for some ten months in Dixie, and 
stood much in need of an airing. He was beautiful to 
behold." The flag was carried through the war by the 
Sixth Ohio Regiment, and pieces of it were distributed. 
Caleb Buffum. 

Caleb Buffum died in Salem, Dec. 7, 1899, in his 84th 
year. Besides his two voyages in the George, he made 
one or two more in other vessels. He was an assessor of 
the city of Salem for many years. He was the father of 
Miss Alice Buffum of Salem and Mrs. James J. Ingalls 
of Chelsea and Frank Barr Buffum of Dauvers. 

A Seaman's Protection certificate granted to Mr. 
Buffum has been loaned to the writer, and a photograph 
of it is of interest. It is dated July 1, 1833, and is 
signed by William W. Oliver, Deputy Collector, to whom 
reference is made on page 21, whose name is attached, 
also, to hundreds of others, some of which may be found 
at the Salem Custom House to-day. Deputy Collector 
Oliver was one of the noted characters of his time. He 
lived on Broad street, Salem, in his later years. In arti- 



196 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

cles on "A Century of the Salem Custom House," Hon. 
Charles W. Palfray, a former Collector, wrote in his 
paper, the Salem Register, in May, 1876, as follows con- 
cerning Mr. Oliver : 

"William W. Oliver was born Dec. 10, 1778, and he 
died in Salem, Dec. 29, 1869, having lived 91 years and 
19 days. In a letter now before me, written by him Oct. 
11, 1858, Mr. Oliver says : 

"I am now more than 80 years old. At the age of 12 
years I went to live with Major Joseph Hiller, Collector 
of Customs of Salem. April 1, 1793, at 14, he took me 
into the Custom House. Aug. 13, 1802, Colonel William 
It. Lee was appointed Collector of Salem, and in Febru- 
ary, 1803, he made me Deputy Collector. I continued 
with him till he died, October 24, 1824, and I settled his 
business to the end of December, 1824, when General 
James Miller was appointed Collector, and I continued 
deputy till April 10, 1839. I was in the office 46 years 
and 10 days. Another boy and myself did all the quick 
business in the office for ten years. In September, 1799, 
my superior in office, of the same age as myself (Dudley 
L. Pickman, who died November 4, 1846, aged 67), left 
the office to go to sea as supercargo of a ship to the East 
Indies, being then 20 years old. He died a few years 
since, and left his family twelve hundred thousand dollars. 
In 1799 another boy was taken to fill my place (Jonathan 
Holman, born February, 1785 ; died September 3, 1855, 
aged 70 years and 7 months), and we were in the office 
forty years together. 

"The business of Salem increased very fast, and in the 
December quarter of 1807 the duties secured in Salem 
amounted to five hundred and thirteen thousand dollars. 
I had the care of all the money received and paid for 
more than thirty-six years. In the year 1808 the Collec- 
tor sent to the United States Branch Mint in Boston 
$504,326.82, a considerable part of which was gold, which 
I delivered to P. R. Dalton, cashier of the First United 
States Bank. Paid debentures, bounty and other de- 
mands, $559,000. Whole expense of the Custom House, 
$11,557.99 ; total amount of transactions, $1,074,884.81. 

From 1852 to 1857, inclusive, six years, the whole 



WILLIAM W. OLIVER 
Deputy Collector of the Port of Salem 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 197 

revenue of Salem was $1,017,543. Expenses of collec- 
tion for the six years, $137,146. 

"In 1808 I carried a large amount of gold to Boston, 
all of which I took from one bank. The Collector said, 
'You must see it weighed here, and see it weighed in Bos- 
ton.' I took the bags from the bank in Salem to the 
bank in Boston, and in no instance took my hand from 
the bag till I delivered it in Boston. 

"My memory was so great that I could recollect dates 
and the tonnage of vessels so as not to turn to books. 

"August 1, 1796, ship Martha, 340 tons, John Prince, 
master, cleared for the Isle of France, and the crew of 
this ship received the first protections of the United 
States granted by the Collector of Salem." 

In addition to the foregoing, Mr. Palfray preserved a 
slip that he cut from the Boston Journal in 1850, written 
by Mr. Oliver, and which he permitted the writer of this 
story of the George to copy. The article contains a lot 
of curious and valuable statistics well worthy the ponder- 
ing of citizens of Salem of to-day, as showing the tre- 
mendous commercial business done at this ancient seaport. 
Deputy Collector Oliver wrote : 

"On the 28th day of April, 1798, the ship Perseverance, 
245 tons, arrived in Salem from Canton, with 5000 chests 
Bohea tea on board, marked F. N. H. (Forrester, Nichols 
& Hodges). Simon Forrester owned the ship. In June, 
1790, the ship Light Horse, Captain Ichabod Nichols, be- 
longing to Elias Hasket Derby, and the brig William <f 
Henry, Captain Benjamin Hodges, belonging to William 
Gray and William Orne, arrived in Salem from Canton. 

"More tea was landed in Salem in the year 1790 than 
in any year since. Of fifteen vessels in Canton in the 
year 1789, five of them belonged to Salem — four to E. H. 
Derby. 

"I filed a bond in the Custom House of Salem for the 
duties on the tea imported by the Perseverance (before 
mentioned). The penalty was $60,000. I recollect the 
duties, at 12 cents, were a little over $20,000, which I 
then thought was much money. The whole cargo, 5000 
chests, about 180,000 pounds, was sold in Salem for 
$140,000, or thereabouts. The Perseverance touched at 



198 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

New York, with freight from Canton, and the New York 
merchants wanted the tea landed there. 

"On the 7th day of July, 1800, the ship Pallas, of 331 
tons, commanded by William Ward, father of Thomas 
Wren Ward, arrived from Canton in one hundred and 
ninety-seven days, and paid duties to the amount of nearlv 
$76,000. 

"The ship Mount Vernon, belonging to Elias Hasket 
Derby, and commanded by his son, E. H. Derby, arrived 
in Salem on the same day from the Mediterranean, and 
proceeded to Boston. She was there, with her cargo, sold 
at auction, her owners having died in September, 1799. 
The Mount Vernon was a beautiful ship of 355 tons bur- 
then, mounted 20 guns, and had on board 45 men. She 
was purchased by Messrs. Wait & Pierce of Salem, and 
was lost on her passage to Laguayra in the same year. 

"In the year 1797, Enos Briggs of Salem built for 
Messrs. Wait & Pierce the ship Friendship, of 342 tons. 
She went to Batavia on her first voyage with $50,000, re- 
turned to Salem the next year with coffee and sugar, which 
she took to Hamburg, and returned to Salem in July, 1799, 
with a cargo, of dry goods and gin. She had on board on 
her return three trunks of laces, which cost $14,000 in 
Hamburg. On her third voyage she went to Laguayra, 
and returned to Salem loaded with cocoa in bulk, 48,000 
pounds of first quality indigo, and 50,000 pounds of cof- 
fee. After landing all her cargo, the cocoa was put in 
hogsheads, and she went to Cadiz, whence she returned 
to Salem in three months, and took the indigo and coffee 
to London, and returned to Salem from that port in three 
months. In all these voyages she was commanded by 
Israel Williams (father of former Mayor Henry L. Wil- 
liams of Salem), who had gathered much money for his 
owners and himself. William Story of Marblehead, who 
was chief officer of the ship in these voyages, subsequent- 
ly took command of her and went to Sumatra and Can- 
ton. 

"In the year 1807, in the fourth quarter, thirteen ships 
barques and brigs arrived in Salem from Calcutta and 
Sumatra. The ship Eliza, of 512 tons, landed more than 
one million pounds of pepper, which cost three cents a 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 199 

pound, and the duties were six and six-tenths cents per 
pound, the ship being Dutch built. 

"In the same year 236 vessels entered in Salem from 
foreign ports, being the greatest number which ever en- 
tered at this port in any one year, and the duties, $1,152,- 
000, were greater than in any other year. In 1835 the 
duties collected amounted to nearly a million dollars, and 
in 1836 to more than a million of dollars. 

"In May, 1821, two ships sailed from Salem in one day 
for Calcutta, with $622,000 in specie (the George and the 
Acasta before mentioned). 

"In the year 1798 the brig Alert, of 123 tons, com- 
manded by Robert Gray of Boston, sailed from Salem for 
the northwest coast and Canton, and was captured by the 
French a short time after leaving Salem. Captain Gray 
formerly commanded the sloop Washington, which went 
out to the northwest coast in company with the ship Co- 
lumbia, Captain Kendrick. 

"On the first day of February, 1809, I took a correct 
list of 61 ships and 12 barques then belonging to Salem 
and Beverlv, and only two of the owners are now living 
(1850). 

"On the 29th day of October, 1789, I saw George 
Washington in Salem, and heard him say, 'Put on your 
hats, my men, you will get cold.' He slept in the south- 
east chamber of the brick house which stands near the 
Salem depot. On the morning of Oct. 30, 1789, six months 
to a day after he was proclaimed in New York President 
of the United States, I saw him mount the same white 
horse he rode during the war of the Revolution, for the 
purpose of proceeding to Portsmouth. He was accompa- 
nied by his black man William, who was with him during 
the war. He returned from Portsmouth by the upper 
road. 

A query has been made regarding vessels built at Fiye's 
Mills, and again the writer refers to Mr. Oliver, who pub- 
lished in the Salem Observer of January 7, 1871, the 
following list, the vessels being understood to have been 
built on the North river, in the vicinity of Frye's Mills, 
where are now extensive tanneries, currying establish- 
ments, and the like. 



200 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

Vessels Built by Ebenezer Mann at Frye's Mills, 

Salem. 

1783. 
[The first name in each line is that of the vessel ; the sec- 
ond that of the owner ; the third that of the master ; and the 
figures against the name of the vessel represent the tonnage.] 

Sch. Betsey, 91, Peter Lander, Peter Lander. 
Brig Dispatch, 96, Johnson Briggs, Johnson Briggs. 
Sch. Sally, 59, Ephraim Very, Ephraim Very. 
Sch. Sally, 65, John Leach, Benj, Tarrant. 

1784. 
Brig William, 182, Wm. Gray, Seward Lee. 
Sch. Sukey & Betsey, 88, S. Ingersoll, Thos. Bowditch. 
Brig Success, 103, Hugh Hill, Thos. Williams. 
Brig Fanny, 152, Benj. Goodhue, Thorndike Proctor. 
Sch. Betsey, 91, Daniel Peirce, Francis B. Dennis. 
Sch. Polly, 71, John Norris, Nath'.l Knight. 
Sch. Betsey, 66, John Tucker, Jona. Tucker. 
Sch. Hannah, 50, Jas. Buffinton, Jas. Buffinton. 
Sch. Bee, 68, Wm. Gray, Hezekiah Wallace. 
Sch. Diligent, 82, Jos. Sprague, Jas. Buffinton. 
Sch. Whim, 78. Samuel Gray, Penn Townsend, Jr. 
Sch. Betsey, 60, Hugh Hill, Freeborn Woodberry. 
Barque Good Intent, 171, Simon Forrester, Michael Haskell. 
Brig Tryall, 119, Weld Gardner, David Ingersoll. 
Brig Ruthy, 148, Johnson Briggs, Johnson Briggs. 
Sch. Betsey, 108, Jerathmel Peirce, Henry Prince. 
Brig Lucy, 152, Caleb Low, John Frost. 
Brig Olive Branch, 158, Joseph Sprague, John Buffinton. 
Sch. Catharine, 87, Robert Leach, Jos. Henderson. 
Sch. Hopewell, 96, William Orne, Thomas Webb. 
Sch. Triall, 100, John Norris, John Tucker. 

1794. 

Sch. Betsey, 190, Daniel Peirce, Daniel Peirce. 
Brig Venus, 151, J. W. Fawsatt, W. Grafton. 
Sch. Friendship, 111, Benj. Lovett, H. Woodberry. 
Brig Hind, 136, Wm. Orne, Jona. Hodges. 
Brig Favorite, 141, Peter Lander, Peter Lander. 
Ship Good Hope, 187, Nathaniel West, John Collins. 
Brig George, 185, Josiah Orne, Josiah Orne. 
Ship Adventure, 184, John Norris, James Barr, Jr. 
Bark Eliza, 187, Joseph W^hite, Gamaliel Hodges. 




DISTRICT OF SAUK 8c BEVERIY. 



SihRM &BvvRRiY, do hereby cerfyy,lhffC: .-£1<*Zi£- -^£*^c\t£^. 
an American Senmetn, aged* . '' ■ ■ '*' years, or JhereajxHtts, of 
the height of, Sj*j fc*U - - inches, o/o» ; .■y ^ complexion, 

homines . ^.'V. ->:-*" i/n tin State of ^ ' --- ^-^ '~.-i->' ■X*Z£v'^> 

has <,— -', feair, 



/i«.<* fc&M rfrty produced to me proof, in the manner directed by the Act, en- 
titled, " An Act for the Relief and Protection of American Seamen,'" 
andi jpur8uunt.4&~the said A.cl, I do hereby certify that the saidl^ y ,;-';. 
<" •' -; ' ,;-;' £•» a Qirizi-xioftke United States of 

AjrftfjcA. 



IN WITNESS WBHlEor, I b.™ !nr.,DI.„;.', H..1 






Collector. 



SEAMAN'S PROTECTION PAPER OF CALEB BUFFUM, 1833 
Signed by William W. Oliver, Deputy Collector of the Port of Salem 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 201 

Ship Hazard, 215, J. & R. Gardner, Richard Gardner. 
Brig Rambler, 165, I. Thorndike, John Moulton. 
Brig Fame, 144, John Collins, George Archer. 
Ship Prudent, 214, Nath'l West, B. Crowninshield. 
Ship Borneo, 213, John Gibant, John Gibaut. 
Sch. Success, 92, Timothy Brooks, Joseph Campbell. 
Ship Mary, 176, John N orris, John Burchmore. 

Total number of vessels, 41 ; total tonnage, 5233 ; average 
tonnage, 128. 

Vessels Built by Christopher Turner. 

Sch. Good Intent, 89, James Silver, James Silver. 

Brig St. Michael, 177, Edward Allen, Joseph Cook. 

Ship Brothers, 256, 0. & A. Mitchell, Elisha Folger, Jr. 

Sch. Essex, 114, Wm. Fabens, Wm. Fabens. 

Sch. Eliza, 132, T. Whitteredge, T. Whitteredge. 

Sch. Hope, 92, Asa Hooper, Asa Hooper. 

Sch. Lydia, 78, Tyler Parsons, Tyler Parsons. 

Brig Mary, 20_, Samuel Gray, Oliver Obear. 

Ship Pompey, 188, Wm. Orne, David Crafts. 

Ship Endeavour, 234, Simon Forrester, David Pulsifer. 

Ship Hope, 282, J. & Jas. Barr, Jas. Barr. 

Brig Forrester, 252, G. Nichols & T. Bryant. 

Brig Brutus, 198, Nathaniel Garland. 

Ship Hunter, 296, Wait & Peirce, Philip P. Pinel. 

Brig Romp, 213, Ropes & Wellman, Wm. Lander. 

Brig Independence, 223, Nath'l L. Rogers. 

Sch. Rambler, 286, G. Nichols & T. Bryant, T. Bryant. 

Brig Gleaner, 147, Joseph Winn, Joseph Winn, 

Total number of vessels, 18 ; total tonnage, 3359 ; average 
tonnage, 156. 

Turner, 12 years ; vessels, 18 
Mann, 17 " " 41 

29 59 

John Goldsmith. 

Captain John Goldsmith died in Salem, May 21, 1888, 
in his 82d year. He was a member of Essex Lodge, A. 
F. and A. M. He made his first voyage in the schooner 
Begulus, Captain Hill, up the Mediterranean. The vessel 
brought home a cargo of brandy and brimstone, and was 
120 days on the passage from Gibraltar, an unusually 



202 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

long and trying one, the craft being given up as lost. He 
was in the George on her 16th and 17th voyages, being then 
only 25 years old. He made twenty-five voyages to Africa, 
three to Calcutta, two to China, and others to Russia and 
up the Mediterranean. He was one of the California pio- 
neers, making the passage in the barque Nile, of which he 
was master, his son John H., later a shipmaster, accompa- 
nying him. 

John Hancock. 

John Hancock not only sailed in the George, but also 
in the Eliza and St. Paul, being second mate of the St. 
Paul on several voyages. When the figure-head was re- 
moved from the St. Paul he was greatly distressed, and 
declared as she sailed out of the harbor that she would 
never come back. His words proved true, as she was lost 
on the Island of Masbata, on her outward passage to 
Manila. Mr. Hancock also served two years in the United 
States Navy. 

Michael Lord. 

Captain Michael Lord died in Salem, Sept. 23, 1879, in 
his 76th year. He commanded ships in the Sumatra trade. 

Captain Henry B. Manning. 

Captain Henry B. Manning commanded the brig M. 
Shepard in the trade between Salem and Para. He made 
several voyages, during which the vessel put up many 
records for speed and became famous as one of the fliers, 
on one occasion coming into Massachusetts Bay in only 
seventeen days from the river. He afterwards command- 
ed the barques Elizabeth Hall and Storm King, and died 
on board the latter on July 29, 1857, at Aden, Arabia, in 

his 43d year. He was the father of Manning and 

Philip Manning. 

Captain Charles D. Mugford. 

Captain Charles D. Mugford was born on June 17, 1814, 
sailed from Boston as master of the ship Areatus for the 
East Indies, his wife accompanying him on the voyage. 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 203 

The ship went to Batavia, Manila, Tabayas, Hong Kong, 
Whampoa and Canton, and then sailed for home April 17; 
passed Anjier, Java, May 5, and arrived at Boston Sept. 
9, 1845. Captain Mugford died in Salem, July 5, 1868. 

Captain James Murdock. 

Captain James Murdock, who made two voyages in the 
Q-eorge — 1828, 1829 — was born of American parents in 
Cuba, and came to this country when quite young. He 
was educated at Medford, Mass., and Exeter, N. H., and 
received the rudiments of a military education in Par- 
tridge's Military Academy, Norwich, Vermont. At the 
close of his school life he conceived a fondness for the 
sea and came to Salem, where he began a long and suc- 
cessful career upon the ocean. 

His father was an intimate friend of Mr. Peabody, the 
owner of the G-eorge, and Mr. Peabody took the young 
man into his employ. On his return to Salem in his sec- 
ond voyage, he left Mr. Peabody's service and began to 
work his own way in his profession, and his promotion 
rapidly followed. At an early age he was master of a ship 
engaged in the East India trade, and he subsequently be- 
came one of the "crack" captains of Enoch Train's cele- 
brated line of packet ships between Boston and Liverpool. 

In 1848 came to him the sorest trial of his life, the 
severest happening that can come to a shipmaster in the 
very height of his glory, when his ship, the Ocean Mon- 
arch, was destroyed by fire, and several passengers lost 
their lives, when only a few hours out from Liverpool. 
The disaster sent a thrill of horror throughout the world, 
for the ship was crowded with passengers. Captain Mur- 
dock was exonerated from all blame, but the affair ended 
his career on the ocean. He lived a retired life the re- 
mainder of his days. 

Captain Perley Z. M. P. Putnam. 

Captain Perley Z. M. P. Putnam commanded vessels in 
the African trade, and died at sea while in command of 
the barque Active of Salem, when homeward bound. He 
was a son of the late Colonel Perley Putnam. 



204 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

Captain John D. Symonds. 

Captain John D. Symonds died in Salem, March 26, 
1877, in his 85th year. He belonged to the North Salem 
family of that name, and was one of four brothers, the 
other three being Eben, Stephen and Danforth (Nathaniel 
D.) Symonds. He sailed once to Russia, but most of his 
voyages were to St. Jago, Cuba, in command of vessels 
owned by S. Chamberlain. Ordinarily the voyages aver- 
aged four a year, but one voyage was made by him in 
the brig Greneral Warren in less than two months. He 
served Salem in the General Court and as superintendent 
of the almshouse, and was also an inspector in the Salem 
Custom House. 

Captain Samuel V. Shreve. 

Captain Samuel V. Shreve was born in Maine. He 
commanded the barque Udwin, and in the gold fever pe- 
riod he sailed in her for California, but put into Valpa- 
raiso and sold the vessel there. He next commanded the 
ship Cleopatra and the ship Witch of the Wave. He was 
a brother of Benjamin Shreve, founder and head of the 
firm of Shreve, Crump & Low, jewellers of Boston, and 
father of William Shreve, who entered the employ of the 
firm, and later became one of the partners. Retiring 
from the sea, he conducted a grocery on what is now 
Central street, and opposite his home. He married Miss 
Mary Moore, sister of the late David Moore of Salem, 
and he died in Salem July 11, 1870, aged 66 years. 

Captain Edward H. Trumbull. 

Captain Edward H. Trumbull died at his home, 18 
Winter street, Nov. 4, 1860, aged 35 years. He was the 
father of Walter H. Trumbull, of the old firm of Ropes, 
Emmerton & Co., and now the only surviving member of 
the firm, and of Captain Edward B. Trumbull, for many 
years engaged in the East Coast of Africa trade as master 
of the barque Taria Topan. 



by george granville putnam 205 

Captain George Whitmarsh. 

Captain George Whitmarsh, after leaving the George, 
continued in the employ of Mr. Peabody, and was mate 
of his ship Eclipse when that vessel was plundered and 
Captain Wilkins and a boy named William Babbidge were 
murdered. He brought the ship home, and was master of 
her for several voyages. 

Captain Enoch Wood. 

Captain Enoch Wood of Boxford, before leaving the 
sea, commanded, from 1830 to 1850, several of the finest 
packet ships between Boston and Liverpool. 

Pilot Perkins. 

Pilot Perkins was a familiar name in Salem for many 
years. Joseph Perkins, who used to pilot the George to 
sea from Salem, was appointed a pilot Oct. 7, 1813, and 
he performed the responsible duties of that position until 
his decease in 1837. He officiated in that position aboard 
the United States frigate Constitution, "Old Ironsides," 
when she came into Salem harbor from Marblehead, after 
her escape from a British squadron in April, 1814. Joseph 
Perkins, his son, was appointed a pilot April 27, 1827, and 
his commission bore the signature of Levi Lincoln, then 
and for several years before and after Governor of Mas- 
sachusetts. His son Joseph was appointed a pilot Jan. 7, 
1857. Asa B. Perkins, a brother of the last named, also 
became a pilot, so that for about a century there was a 
Pilot Perkins of Salem. These officers conducted thou- 
sands of vessels in and out of the port of Salem, among 
them ships whose voyages are famous in the commercial 
history of Salem and the United States. Nathaniel F. 
Perkins of this city is a grandson, and Harold Millett 
Perkins of Salem, the haberdasher, is a great-grandson of 
the original Joseph Perkins. 



THE BARQUE "GLIDE." 



And Some Account of the African Teade. 



Leaving now the Calcutta trade, the writer asks his 
readers for the pleasure of their company in considering 
the trade Salem enjoyed with the East Coast of Africa, 
Madagascar and Arabia. He will deal principally with 
the barques Glide and Taria Topan, though others will 
receive attention. 

The direct trade between Salem and Zanzibar was 
opened by the brig Ann, Captain Charles Millett, master, 
and owned by Henry Prince & Son of Salem. The Ann 
left Salem March 12, 1826, for Mocha. Arriving there, 
the captain found a scarcity of breadstuffs, left a clerk in 
charge, and went to Zanzibar and Lamo, where he obtained 
a homeward cargo. From there he went to Mocha, thence 
to Salem, and arrived home May 9, 1827. 

A sketch of Captain Millett and his experience in the 
Ann, and of his wonderful escape from shipwreck, is told 
in the Historical Collections of the Essex Institute, and 
also in Volume one of "Salem Vessels and Their Voyages," 
published by the Institute. The providential escape of 
the Ann, in 1829, has been further commemorated by that 
delightful son of Salem, Rev. Charles Timothy Brooks, 
brother of Henry M. Brooks, for so many years secretary 
of the Essex Institute. In a poem by the reverend gen- 
tleman, for the celebration by the Essex Institute of the 
250th anniversary of the landing of Governor John Ende- 
cott, September 18, 1878, Mr. Brooks writes ; 

" I was a boy when the brig Ann, a wreck, 
Crawled up to Derby's wharf and landed there 
Her Oriental cargo rich and rare. 
What sweets and fragrances, in frails and crates, 
Gum-copal, allspice, nutmegs, cloves and dates! 
Then filled the eyes of every Salem boy 
(206) 




UJ I- 

_l a 

5 2 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 2)7 

With mingling tears of sadness and of joy. 

We laughed to see how the old yellow stores 

Took in the bags of sweetmeats through their doors; 

We wept to see through what a hard fought fight 

The brave old hulk had brought us such delight. 

Sadly she seemed to figure as she lay, 

The sunset of our old commercial day." 

From the first vessel to enter at the Salem Custom 
House from Zanzibar, the three-masted schooner Spy, 
Captain Andrew Ward, August 11, 1827, with a cargo 
consigned to Nathaniel L. Rogers & Brothers, until May 1, 
1870, when the barque Glide was the last vessel to enter 
at this port from Zanzibar, there were 189 arrivals here 
from that port, and 145 of those entries were made be- 
tween 1840 and 1860, the period of greatest activity in 
this trade. 

The name that to-day comes first to one at all familiar 
with the facts is that of Captain John Bertram, Salem's 
eminent philanthropist and benefactor, as a merchant en- 
gaged in this trade. If, however, he should but scan the 
imposts books at the Salem Custom House, he will there 
find, with frequent recurrence, the names of Nathaniel L. 
Rogers & Brothers, Michael Shepard, David Pingree 
Joseph Peabody, Andrew Ward, Nathaniel Weston, James 
B. Curwen, Ephraim Emmerton, Tucker Daland, George 
West, Benjamin A. West, Michael W. Shepard, and other 
merchants. 

Among the names of masters are those of William B. 
Smith (familiarly termed "Zanzibar Smith," because of 
his many voyages there), Augustus Staniford Perkins, 
Edward Brown, Francis Brown, William B. Bates, E. 
Augustus Emmerton, John Wallis, Joseph Moseley, An- 
drew Ward, Brackley R. Peabody, James Staniford Kim- 
ball, N. W. Andrews, J. P. Page, William McFarland, 
John McMullan, William Hollingsworth Hawthorne, 
Stephen Cloutman, James S. Williams, Nathan A. Bachel- 
der, Edward B. Trumbull, William Beadle, John C. Pond, 
Charles O. Welch, J. Warren Luscomb, and others. 



208 salem vessels and their voyages 

Barque Glide. 

April 25, 1861, the marine column of the Salem Regis- 
ter contained this paragraph : 

"Launch. — A splendid barque of about 480 tons, 
called the Glide, will be launched from Mr. Edward F. 
Miller's shipyard in South Salem this day (Thursday), at 
10 1-2 o'clock A. M." 

The vessel slid into the water according to announce- 
ment, many Salemites being aboard of her, and the pretty 
sight was witnessed by a large gathering of spectators. 
The Glide was officially registered at the custom house as 
492.40 gross tonnage and 467.68 tons net ; was 129.8 
feet long, 29.2 feet beam, and 17.4 feet depth of hold. 

First Voyage. 

The Glide cleared from the Salem Custom House May 
10, 1861, John McMnllan of Salem, master, and John 
Bertram, owner, for Zanzibar, and she sailed the same 
evening at 8.30 o'clock. Arrived at Zanzibar August 20, 
102 days' passage, and sailed August 26 for Muscat, where 
she arrived September 10. Sailed thence for Aden, and 
from there November 21 for Zanzibar and Salem. She 
arrived at Salem March 21, 1862, from Zanzibar Dec. 22; 
89 days' passage, and having been 18 days north of Ber- 
muda, with heavy N. W. gales. She brought a valuable 
cargo of dates, figs, hides, etc., to John Bertram. Voyage, 
ten months and eleven days. 

Cargo — One hundred and eleven pieces Scuivellas ivory, 
3933 hides, 500 half and 1000 quarter bags coffee, and 
215 bags gum copal. Duties, $13,863.49. 

Her commander, Captain John McMullan, was a native 
of Salem, and had sailed before in Captain Bertram's em- 
ploy. On Sept. 4, 1860, while in command of the barque 
Glide, the vessel was wrecked on a reef on the passage 
from Zanzibar for Aden, in latitude eight degrees and 
nine minutes north, longitude 51 degrees and 30 minutes 
east, Ras Hafoon bearing north, one-half west. 

The mate of the Glide was William G. Churchill of 
Salem, and his wages were $35 a month, and he will be 
remembered by older Salemites ; Charles Miles, second 





00 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 209 

mate, wages $25 a month ; Charles A. Benson, steward, 
$20 a month ; John L. Jones, cook, $18 a month ; Alex- 
ander McCormic, Barnes A. Gardner, Benjamin Douglass, 
C. E. Manning and VV. F. Cloon, able seamen, $14 a 
month ; Collins Ingalls Andrews, ordinaiy seaman, $10 a 
month (he afterwards commanded the ship Big Bonanza, 
on long, deep water voyages to China and the East Indies; 
he was a brother of the late Augustus H. Andrews, for 
many years a driver in the Salem fire department, and 
uncle of Herbert C. Andrews, formerly of Salem, and 
now living in California) ; John O'Donnell, ordinary sea- 
man, $9 a month, and Daniel Riley and George E. Plan- 
der, boys, $6 a month. The last three will be recognized 
as real down town boys. 

It is to be regretted that the crew lists are not at hand 
of those who sailed on the Glide on her many voyages. 
Such names as will be used in this series of articles have 
been received from friends and from the Salem Custom 
House records of lists of crews, which are not complete. 

Second Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem April 23, 1862, at 7 P. M., John 
McMullan, master, for the East Indies. Arrived at Aden. 
Arabia, Aug. 25, via Zanzibar, where she arrived Aug. 5, 
and sailed Aug. 11. Returned to Zanzibar, and sailed 
thence for Salem Nov. 28, and arrived at Salem Monday, 
March 9, 1863. Experienced very severe weather on the 
coast. Took a pilot from boat William Starkey of Boston 
on Saturday morning, and anchored in Nantasket roads 
on Sunday morning. Was towed to Salem by tug Charles 
Pearson. Voyage, eleven months and sixteen days. 

Cargo — Sixty-four packages, 11 barrels and one box of 
beeswax, 8000 hides, 602 bags, 14 barrels and seven boxes 
gum copal, 370 bags bird peppers, 116 pieces large ivory, 
478 Sew. ivory, and 2060 frails dates. Duties, $17,672.10. 

Third Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem April 7, 1863, John McMullan, mas- 
ter, for East Indies. Arrived at Mozambique June 27, 
61 days' passage ; sailed July 5 for Zanzibar, arrived July 
7 ; sailed July 14, and arrived at Aden July 28 ; arrived 



210 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

back at Zanzibar, and sailed for Salem Sept. 21. Arrived 
at Provincetown Jan. 8, 1864, and was towed from there 
by tug Charles Pearson to Salem, where she arrived Jan. 
11, 1864. Was 27 days N. of Bermuda, with continual 
gales from west to north. Voyage, nine months and four 
days. The outward passage of 61 days to Mozambique is 
a fine one. 

Cargo — One box of Malachise, 720 goat skins, 1140 
Aden hides, 102 packages senna, 4402 Zanzibar hides, 915 
ba^s cloves, 1639 packets clove stems, 247 pieces large 
ivory, 427 Sews, ivory, 881 bags pepper, 713 bundles coir 
yarn, 38 bags myrrh. Duties, $40,242.92. 

Fourth Voyage. 

Sailed from Boston April 13, 1864, John McMullan, 
master, for Zanzibar. Arrived at Zanzibar June 27 ; went 
to Aden, where she arrived July 27 ; returned to Zanzi- 
bar, and sailed thence Sept. 11 for Mozambique and Salem. 
Arrived home Dec. 7, in 81 days from Mozambique. Pas- 
senger from Zanzibar, William W. Goodhue of Salem. 
Voyage, 7 months and 24 days. 

Cargo — Twenty-two bags gum arabic, 538 bales goat 
skins, 63 do. sheep skins, one do. hides, 200 12-20 Corges 
goat skins, nioe pieces ivory, 102 one-quarter bales coffee, 
four bundles Zanzibar mats, four bags candy, two Rhorns, 
two barrels limes, five fee. Duties, $14,698.45. 

Fifth Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem March 23, 1865, John McMullan, 
master, for Zanzibar. Arrived at Aden July 20, via Zan- 
zibar. Left Aden July 28, and arrived at Muscat Aug. 6. 
Sailed Sept. 13 for Zanzibar and Salem. Arrived at Zan- 
zibar Oct. 12, in charge of the mate, William Hollings- 
worth Hathorne, Captain McMullan having died October 
4 on the passage. Sailed for Salem Oet. 18, and arrived 
home Feb. 15, 1866. She put into Nantasket Roads night 
of Oct. 17, and was towed from there to Salem. 

Master, John McMullan, Salem ; mate, William H. 
Hathorne, Salem ; crew, David Frederick, Aaron Moses, 
George Dexter, no residence given ; William White, 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 211 

Salem ; Henry W. Emerson, Newton ; John H. Fisher 
and Semon Peterson, Sweden, both discharged at Zanzi- 
bar; Thomas Clark, Concord, N. H. ; Charles Mason, 
Daniel Riley, 19, Thomas Bowditch, 17, James D. Brani- 
gan, 15, and Joseph Miller, 15, of Salem. There were 
shipped at Zanzibar, Sam Baker and Alie Bin of Zanzibar 

and Victor of Mauritius, who were certified by 

United States Consul Edward D. Ropes as being free 
blacks. 

Mr. Ropes subsequently became the head of the firm 
of Ropes, Emmerton & Co., successors to the house of 
John Bertram, on the death of Captain Bertram, March 
22, 1882. 

Mrs. Kate McMullan, who was a passenger on the Glide 
and wife of Captain McMullan, died Aug. 3, 1865, three 
days before the vessel arrived at Muscat. Her husband, 
as before stated, died Oct. 4, 1865, eight days before the 
arrival of the Glide at Zanzibar. 

Cargo — Thirty bundles of coir yarn, 523 frails dates, 
99 packages goat skins, 70 bales cocoanut fibre, 517 goat 
skins, 103 sheep skins, 60 packages senna, 192 salted 
hides, eight packages coffee. Duties, $5,477.81. 

Sixth Voyage. 

Sailed from below Salem April 1, 1866, William H. 
Hathorne, master, for ports east of Cape Good Hope. 
Arrived at Aden Aug. 3, via Mozambique and Zanzibar, 
where she arrived July 8, and sailed July 12. Arrived at 
Muscat Sept. 18, from Aden, and sailed Nov. 17 for Zan- 
zibar, where she arrived and finished loading for Salem. 
Sailed from Zanzibar Dec. 22, Mozambique Jan. 13, St. 
Helena Feb. 22, and arrived at Salem April 12, 1867. 
Passenger, Captain George W. Hall of Providence, R. I., 
of barque Ella Virginia, which was lost at Quillamane. 
Voyage, one year and eleven days. 

Master, William Hollingsworth Hathorne; mate, James 
S. Williams of Salem ; second mate, Henry Bertram, 
Salem ; seamen, John Ford, Salem ; Sargent S. P. Lee, 
Christian Peter Marchen, Charles H. Bell, John Schoen- 
maker and Charles W. Taylor, Boston ; Henry R. Bois, 
Salem; Peter Nielsen, Boston; light hands, Jsseph A. 



212 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

Stickney, aged 18, Charles O. Welch, Ernest D. Lord and 
Frank M. Real of Salem, 16 years old. 

Charles O. Welch became a master in the east coast of 
Africa trade, served in the Civil war, was for many years 
a railway postal clerk, and at the time of his death was 
master of the Salem Marine Society. 

Cargo — Nine bales sheep skins, 25 do. do., 44 bales 
goat skins, three hides, 584 frails dates, 12 packages cof- 
fee, one box cocoanut oil, one silk dress, the duty on the 
last named being $5.40. Duties, $2,586.60. 

Seventh Voyage. 

After discharging her cargo at Salem on the last voyage, 
the Grlide went to Boston, and there loaded for ports east 
of Cape Good Hope. She sailed from Boston May 2, 
1867, William H. Hathorne, master. Arrived at Tamatave 
July 26, 85 days' passage, then to Zanzibar. Sailed from 
Aden, May 3, for Muscat, and arrived Nov. 7. Sailed 
Dec. 9, and arrived at Zanzibar Jan. 1, 1868. Sailed Jan. 
19 for Salem, passed Cape of Good Hope Feb. 18, crossed 
the equator March 19, in longitude 33.30 W., passed 
Bermuda April 6, and arrived at Salem April 13, 1868. 

Master, William H. Hathorne ; mate, James S. Wil- 
liams, Salem ; second mate, J. Orne Rider ; steward, 
Thomas R. Chambers, Salem ; cook, John B. Stout ; sea- 
men, Metra Antonia, Boston ; Charles Atherton, New 
York ; James Herrick, do.; William T. Harper, do. (de- 
serted at Aden) ; Antonio Cabasa, Boston ; William C. 
Wood, 19, Howard P. Gardner, 17, George C. Florentine, 
15, and John Prince, 15, the last four of Salem. John 
Duncan of England was shipped at Zanzibar, and Charles 
Oliver at Aden for Muscat, but the latter deserted Oct. 3, 
1867. 

Cargo — Two hundred and thirty-one bales goat, 58 do. 
sheep skins, 7980 hides, 1460 do., 500 do., 64 bales goat 
skins, 31 frails dates, 16 packages coffee, 8 bags beeswax. 
Duties, $2,081.22. 

Eighth Voyage. 

Sailed from Salem, May 22, 1868, William H. Hathorne, 
master, for Zanzibar. Arrived at Tamatave Aug. 10, via 




o £ 







BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 213 

Zanzibar. Arrived at Muscat, from Zanzibar, 14 days' 
passage. Proceeded to Aden and returned to Zanzibar, 
from which she sailed Dec. 25 for Salem. Arrived home 
March 18, 1869, having passed Cape Good Hope Jan. 14, 
and crossed the equator Feb. 14, in longitude 36 W. In 
connection with this homeward passage the writer has 
before him a copy of an interesting letter written by the 
late Captain William Beadle of Salem, who, as will be 
seen later, became a commander of the Grlide. 

"In 1868 and 1869," wrote Captain Beadle, "I was 
mate of the barque Atlanta, Captain John C. Pond of 
Salem. We had been on the coast and had visited the 
usual ports of Aden, Muscat and Zanzibar. We were at 
the last named port until, on Dec. 23, 1868, the Atlanta 
sailed for home. The Grlide was nearly ready, and the 
two commanders jollied each other as to which vessel 
would get home first. The mate of the Glide was James 
S. Williams, who on his next voyage sailed as master of 
the new barque Jersey of Salem, and was so unfortunate 
as to lose the vessel. 

"Two days after the Atlanta sailed for home, the Grlide 
left Zanzibar, and the race was on. Honors were consid- 
ered even. We were anxiously looking for the Grlide 
daily. A few days after rounding Cape Good Hope, and 
while rolling down St. Helena, we saw from the topgallant 
forecastle a vessel on the horizon 'hull up.' Everything 
about her appeared to Captain Pond as the Grlide. She 
was to the northwest of us, and the atmosphere caused 
her to loom up. She looked to be a craft of 1000 tons, 
more than double the size of the Grlide, which, if it was 
she, she had so far beaten us, and was still to the wind- 
ward. 

"However, during the night we kept a sharp lookout, 
and at 4 A. M. I turned in. I had not fairly started on 
my beauty sleep when Captain Pond called me up with 
the information that the Glide was up 'on our weather 
beam.' There was no more sleep, so I went on deck, and 
as the air was somewhat sharp, the first thing for health's 
sake was a cup of hot coffee. Having been warmed and 
refreshed, I paid attention to Captain Pond's criticism of 
the stranger. As the breeze was moderate, the vessel lay 



214 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

over ou her side, so that we could get a good view of her 
deck. 

"Among Captain Pond's criticisms were, 'You see that 
fruit hatch goes one-half of the length of the main hatch, 
and the lids are open to ventilate the dates and to keep 
them cool.' 'Yes,' I replied, 'that is the Glide all right, 
and I would like to toll him down here. Suppose I run 
the ensign up Union down, and let him think we are in 
distress.' 'Suppose it is not the Glide,' hesitated Captain 
Pond. 'But you feel sure that it is, and if we find on 
nearer approach that it is not, I can reverse the ensign,' 
I replied. 'Well, go ahead,' he said. And the ensign was 
run up in distress. 

"Shortly the main yard of the Glide was checked, and 
at seven bells she was on our weather bow, within speak- 
ing distance. We went to breakfast, a short one, and 
then, having exchanged chronometer time, Captain Pond 
shouted, 'Look out, Hathorne, I am going in stays.' The 
Glide was immediately stayed, the Atlanta following, 
bringing the Glide to windward. The Atlanta drew ahead, 
and we worked up across the Glide's bow and to wind- 
ward, and having high enough, Captain Pond held the 
Atlanta in the wind, and let the Glide pass ahead. He 
then swung the Atlanta off, ran under the stern of the 
Glide, passing so close that we could toss a biscuit aboard, 
and saying, 'Good bye, Hathorne, pleasant passage. I 
will report you when we reach New York,' which we did, 
one week ahead of the arrival of the Glide at Salem. We 
passed Cape Good Hope Jan. 15, and crossed the equator 
Feb. 13, in Ion. 34 W. 

"I have been with many captains, but think Capt. Pond 
was the equal of any aud far superior to many. I learned 
much from him, and I pay him the tribute to say that it 
was of great value to me when I, too, became a master in 
the East Coast of Africa trade. Ten years later the Glide 
was lying alongside Lewis wharf, Boston, when what 
should I see but the Atlanta being docked next to her, 
and temporarily being made fast to the Glide. I recalled 
that brush with her in 1869, and felt that although there 
is a great deal of fun in the international yacht regattas, 
yet it cannot compare with a long race between trading 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 215 

ships on the ocean, or with such a race as was ours be- 
tween Zanzibar and Boston and Salem." 

What a pity it is that a proper record of Salem's con- 
nection with the East Coast of Africa and all other trades 
has not been kept. It would furnish a glorious chapter 
in the world's history that would shine with a greater lus- 
tre as the years pass. Captain Beadle passed away in 
Duxbury, Sept. 25, 1912, but others are left who could, 
if they only would, tell many interesting stories of when 
they sailed years ago to the "rich ports of the far East." 
They would thus, in no small degree, contribute to such a 
record. 

James S. Williams, who was mate of the Glide on this 
and on previous voyages, did not go on the next voyage, 
but remained at home to take command of the new barque 
Jersey, owned by Captain Bertram, and built by Edward 
F. Miller in South Salem. The Jersey was launched Dec. 
14, 1868, and many a Salemite of to-day remembers that 
event. After being at home just nine days, Capt. Wil- 
liams sailed from Salem March 27, 1869, for East Coast 
of Africa ports, and was so unfortunate as to lose the 
beautiful vessel while going into Tamatave, Madagascar, 
June 18, 1869. She was a fine barque of 599 tons regis- 
ter, of excellent model, elegantly finished, built of the 
best materials throughout, and fitted with modern im- 
provements. Her loss was a great disappointment to her 
owner and Salem people, who looked for her to hung up 
some fine records of speed. 

Ninth Voyage. 

The G-lide sailed from Salem July 3, 1869. for Zanzi- 
bar, William H. Hathorne, master. Arrived at Aden, 
Arabia, Dec. 8, via Madagascar and Zanzibar. Sailed from 
Aden Dec. 29, for Salem, via Zanzibar, and arrived there 
Jan. 17, 1870. Sailed for home Jan. 24, passed Cape 
Good Hope Feb. 21, crossed the equator March 28, in 
longitude 33.30 west, and arrived at Salem April 26, 1870. 

This was the last arrival of the G-lide at Salem, and 
also the last of any Salem vessel from ports east of Cape 
Good Hope. Since then, however, there have been sev- 
eral arrivals from Calcutta, with jute for the Nevins bag- 



216 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

ging mills, notably the ship Memnon, ship Prince Lucien, 
ship Steinvora, barque Chalmette, barque Rambler^ and 
barque Sontag, but none belonged in Salem, and the Stein- 
vora and Prince Lucien were British iron ships. 

The crew list of the Glide was : William H. Hathorne, 
Salem, master ; Samuel G. Pedrick, Beverly, mate ; Henry 
R. Boyce, Boston, second mate ; James T. Martin, Boston, 
steward ; John Frye, Boston, cook ; James L. McCarthy, 
Boston; John Brown, New York ; Joseph Jones, Phila- 
delphia ; Alexander Foreman, Boston ; John Martin, New 
York; E. W. Moors, Boston, seamen; James O'Neil and 
Moses Mentel, Boston, light hands ; Thomas McCormic 
and Frank Luscotnb, Salem, boys. 

Captain Hathorne did not sail again in the Glide, but 
was honored by Captain Bertram in being made comman- 
der of the new barque Taria Topan, in which he sailed 
five voyages as master. He next became resident agent 
in Zanzibar for Captain Bertram, and later was United 
States consul there. 

Cargo — One rug, 23 frails dates, 16 bags coffee, 11 1-2 
gallons wine, and 11,720 hides. Duties, 11,287.38. 

Barque Sachem. 

The Glide was a little more than two months at sea 
when another fine vessel arrived in Salem from Zanzibar. 
It was the barque Sachem, owned by Captain Bertram, 
and commanded by John Kerivan. The Sachem sailed 
from Zanzibar May 8, passed Cape Good Hope July 20, 
having been off the cape eighteen days, with heavy west- 
erly gales ; touched at St. Helena Aug. 4 ; crossed the 
equator Aug. 16, in longitude 30 W., and arrived at Salem 
Sept. 18, 1869. 

The crew list of the Sachem on this voyage was : John 
Kerivan, Salem, master ; William A. Peterson, Salem, 
mate, 32 years of age ; Frank Burton, Salem, second mate, 
30, died at sea Feb. 21 ; Jeremiah Welch, Salem, 25 ; 
Charles Thompson, Salem, 25 ; Nicholas McGrane, Salem, 
28 ; Albert Merritt, Boston, 32 ; Charles Bancroft, Bos- 
ton, 35 ; Richard Evans, New York, 31. 

{To be continued') 




U- B 

O o- 
(5 5 



THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST 

INDIES. 



By Francis B. C. Bradlee. 



{Continued from Volume LIX, page 152. ~) 

"I advised hint to get on board an American vessel, when- 
ever an opportunity offered, and come to the United States, 
and on his arrival direct a letter to me, repeating my 
earnest desire to make some return for the disinterested 
friendship which he had shown towards me. With the 
Frenchman I had but little conversation, being unacquaint- 
ed with the language. 

"Here ended Nickola's account. 'And now,' said the 
Frenchman, 'our hearts be easy.' Nickola observed he 
had left all and found us. I gave them my warmest trib- 
ute of gratitude, saying I looked upon them, under God, 
as the preservers of our lives, and promised them all the 
assistance my situation might ever enable me to afford. 
This brings me to 

"Thursday evening, 7th, when, at 11 o'clock, we an- 
chored at the creek's mouth, near the Exertion. I was 
anxious to board her ; accordingly took with me Nickola, 
Thomas, George, and two others, well armed, each with a 
musket and cutlass. I jumped on her deck, saw a fire in 
the camboose, but no person there ; 1 called aloud Mr. 
Bracket's name several times, saying, 'It is Captain Lin- 
coln, don't be afraid, but show yourself,' but no answer 
was given. She had no masts, spars, rigging, furniture, 
provisions, or anything left, except her bowsprit and a 
few barrels of salt provisions of her cargo. Her sealing 
had holes cut in it, no doubt in their foolish search for 
money. I left her with peculiar emotions, such as I hope 
never again to experience, and returned to the little sloop, 
where we remained till 

"Friday, 8th. When I had a disposition to visit the 
island on which we were first imprisoned. Found nothing 
there ; saw a boat; among the mangroves, near the Exer- 
tion. Returned, and got under way immediately for Trin- 
idad. In the night, while under full sail, run aground on 

(217) 



218 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRA.CY IN THE WEST INDIES 

a sunken Key, having rocks above the water, resembling 
old stumps of trees ; we, however, soon got off and an- 
chored. Most of these Keys have similar rocks about 
them, which navigators must carefully guard against. 

"Saturday, 9th. Got under way again, and stood along 
close in for the main island of Cuba, in order that if we 
should see the pirates, to take our boats and go on shore. 

"Sunday, 10th. Saw the highlands of Trinidad. At 
night came to anchor in sight of the town, near a small 
Key. Next morning — 

"Monday, 11th. — Got under way — saw a brig at anchor 
about five miles below the mouth of the harbor ; we hoped 
to avoid her speaking us ; but when we opened in sight of 
her discovered a boat making towards us, with a number 
of armed men in her. This alarmed my friends, and as 
we did not see the brig's ensign hoisted, they declared the 
boat was a pirate, and looking through the spy-glass, 
thought they knew some of them to be the Mexican's 
men ! This state of things was quite alarming. They 
said, "we will not be taken alive by them." Immediately 
the boat fired a musket ; the ball passed through our 
mainsail. My friends insisted on beating them off. I 
endeavored to dissuade them, believing, as I did, that the 
brig was a Spanish man-of-war, who had sent her boat to 
ascertain who we were. 1 thought we had better heave 
to. Immediately another shot came. Then they insisted 
on fighting and said, if I would not help them I was no 
friend. I reluctantly acquiesced, and handed up the 
guns, commenced firing upon them, and they upon us. 
We received several shots through the sails, but no one 
was hurt on either side. Our two boats had been cast 
adrift to make us go the faster, and we gained upon them, 
continuing firing until they turned from us and went for 
our boats, which they took in tow for the brig. Soon 
after this it became calm ; then I saw that she had us in 
her power. She armed and manned two more boats for 
tis. We now concluded, since we had scarcely ammuni- 
tion, to surrender, and were towed down alongside the 
brig, taken on board, and were asked by the captain, who 
could speak English, 'what for you fire on the boat ?' I 
told him we thought her a pirate, and did not like to be 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 219 

taken by them again, having already suffered too much, 
showing my papers. He said, 'Capt. Americana, never 
mind, go and take some dinner — which are your men V I 
pointed them out to him, and he ordered them the liberty 
of the decks ; but my friend Nickola and his three asso- 
ciates were immediately put in irons. They were, how- 
ever, afterwards taken out of irons and examined, and I 
understood the Frenchmen agreed to enlist, as they judged 
it the surest way to better their condition. Whether 
Nickola enlisted I do not know, but think that he did, as 
I understood that offer was made to him ; I, however, en- 
deavored to explain more distinctly to the captain the 
benevolent efforts of these four men by whom my life had 
been saved, and used every argument in my power to pro- 
cure their discharge. I also applied to the governor, and 
exerted myself with peculiar interest, dictated as I trust 
with heartfelt gratitude — and I ardently hope ere this 
Nickola is on his way to this country, where I may have 
an opportunity of convincing him that such an act of be- 
nevolence will not go unrewarded. Previous to my leav- 
ing Trinidad I made all the arrangements in my power 
with my influential friends, and doubt not that their laud- 
able efforts will be accomplished. The sloop's cargo was 
taken on board the brig, after which the captain requested 
a certificate that I was politely treated by him, saying his 
name was Captain Candama, of the privateer brig Pru- 
dentee of eighteen guns. This request I complied with. 
His first lieutenant told me he had sailed out of Boston, 
as commander for T. C. Amory, Esq., during the last war. 
In the course of the evening my friends were taken out 
of irons and examined separately, then put back again. 
The captain invited me to supper in his cabin, and a berth 
for the night, which was truly acceptable. The next 
morning, after breakfast, I with my people were set on 
shore, with the few things we had, with the promise of 
the Exertion's small boat in a day or two. But it was 
never sent me — the reason let the reader imagine. On 
landing at the wharf Casilda we were immediately taken 
by soldiers to the guard-house, which was a very filthy 
place ; thinking, I suppose, and even calling us pirates. 
Soon some friends came to see me. Mr. Cotton, who re- 



220 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

sides there, brought us some soup. Mr. Isaac W. Lord, 
of Boston, my merchant, came with Captain Tate, who 
sent immediately to the governor, for I would not show 
my papers to any one else. He came about sunset, and 
after examining Manuel, my Spanish fellow-prisoner, and 
my papers, said to me, giving me the papers, 'Captain, 
you are at liberty.' I was kindly invited by Captain 
Matthew Rice, of schooner Galaxy, of Boston, to go on 
board his vessel and live with him during my stay there. 
This generous offer I accepted, and was treated by him 
with the greatest hospitality, for I was an hungered and 
he gave me meat, I was athirst and he gave me drink, I 
was naked and he clothed me, a stranger and he took me 
in. He likewise took Manuel and my three men for that 
night. Next day Mr. Lord rendered me all necessary as- 
sistance in making my protest. He had heard nothing 
from me until my arrival. I was greatly disappointed in 
not finding Mr, Bracket, and requested Mr. Lord to give 
him all needful aid if he should come there. To Captain 
Carnes, of the schooner Hannah of Boston, I would ten- 
der my sincere thanks for his kindness in giving me a 
passage to Boston, which I gladly accepted. To those 
gentlemen of Trinidad, and many captains of American 
vessels, who gave me sea clothing, &c, I offer my cordial 
gratitude. 

"Captain Carnes sailed from Trinidad on the 20th of 
February. Fearing the pirates, we kept a long distance 
from the land and two degrees to westward of Cape An- 
tonio. On our passage experienced several gales of wind, 
in one of which, while lying to, shipped a sea, which did 
considerable injury, and swept a young man overboard 
from the pump, named Nelson. We never saw him 
again. We arrived at Boston March 25th, and when I 
stepped upon the wharf, though much emaciated, I felt 
truly happy. 

"I am fully of the opinion that these ferocious pirates 
are linked in with many inhabitants of Cuba, and the 
government in many respects appears covertly to encour- 
age them. 

"It is with heartfelt delight that, since the above narra- 
tive was written, I have learned that Mr. Bracket and his 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 221 

companions are safe ; he arrived at Port d'Esprit, about 
forty leagues east of Trinidad. A letter has been re- 
ceived from him, stating that he should proceed to Trini- 
dad the first opportunity. It appears that after reaching 
the wreck, they found a boat from the shore, taking on 
board some of the Exertion's cargo, in which they pro- 
ceeded to the above place. Why it was not in his power 
to come to our relief will no doubt be satisfactorily dis- 
closed when he may be so fortunate as once more to 
return to his native country and friends. 

"For many months I remained without any certain in- 
formation respecting the fate of Mr. Bracket and his 
companions. But in the course of the ensuing autumn, 
if I recollect right, Mr. Bracket very unexpectedly paid 
me a visit at Hingham, the place of my residence. We 
were mutually rejoiced to see each other once more among 
the living, as for a time at least each had regarded the 
other as dead. He gave me an account of his adventures 
and of the reasons why he did not return to us. He 
told me that when they left us and put to sea, in the mis- 
erable boat which we had constructed, they went to the 
Exertion, and fortunately found a better boat, of which 
they took possession, and suffered the old one to float 
away, and it accordingly passed our solitary island in its 
random course, causing us a great deal of alarm. From 
the wreck they steered among the keys to the mainland 
of Cuba, and reached Principe, the town where my cargo 
was sold. Here Mr. Bracket related his tale of suffering 
and requested assistance to rescue the remaining prisoners 
on the key. The authorities furnished him with several 
soldiers, with whom he put again to sea, with the humane 
intention of coming to relieve us. They had gone but a 
short distance, however, when the soldiers positively re- 
fused to go any further and forced him to return with 
them to Principe ; thus all his hopes of being able to 
rescue us were entirely extinguished. A stranger, and 
helpless as he was, it was out of his power to do anything 
more, and he could only hope that we might have been 
saved in some other way. Friendless, without money, 
and debilitated by recent suffering, he hardly knew which 
■way to turn. He was desirous of reaching home, and 



222 THE SUPPRESSION OP PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

finally resolved to travel to the north side of Cuba. After 
a long and tedious journey, during which he suffered 
dreadfully from the hard travelling and want of necessa- 
ries and comforts, he at length arrived at Havana, from 
which port he took passage to Boston. Thus the reasons 
of his conduct were satisfactorily explained, and my un- 
certainty respecting his fate happily terminated. 

"I felt great anxiety to learn what became of Jamieson, 
who, my readers will recollect, was detained on board the 
Spanish brig Prudentee, near Trinidad. I heard nothing 
from him, until I believe about eighteen months after I 
reached home when I received a letter from him, from Mon- 
tego Bay, Jamaica, informing me that he was then residing 
in that island. I immediately wrote to him and invited 
him to come on to the United States. He accordingly 
came on passenger with Capt. Wilson of Cohasset, and 
arrived in Boston in August, 1824. Our meeting was 
very affecting. Trying scenes were brought up before 
us ; scenes gone forever, through which we had passed 
together, where our acquaintance was formed, and since 
which time we had never met. I beheld once more the 
preserver of my life, the instrument, under Providence, 
of restoring me to my home, my family and my friends, 
and I regarded him with no ordinary emotion. My family 
were delighted to see him and cordially united in giving 
him a warm reception. He told me that after we sepa- 
rated in Trinidad, he remained on board the Spanish 
brig. The commander asked him and his companions if 
they would enlist ; the Frenchmen replied that they 
would, but he said nothing, being determined to make his 
escape the very first opportunity which should present. 
The Spanish brig afterwards fell in with a Columbian 
privateer, an armed brig of eighteen guns. Being of equal 
force, they gave battle, and fought between three and 
four hours. Both parties were very much injured, and,, 
without any considerable advantage on either side, both 
drew off to make repairs. The Spanish brig Prudentee 
put into St. Jago de Cuba. Jamieson was wounded in 
the action by a musket ball through his arm, and was 
taken on shore, with the other wounded, and placed in 
the hospital at St. Jago. Here he remained for a consid- 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 223- 

erable time, until he had nearly recovered, when he found 
an opportunity of escaping and embarked for Jamaica. 
He arrived in safety at Kingston, and from there traveled 
barefoot over the mountains, until, very much exhausted,, 
he reached Montego Bay, where he had friends, and 
where one of his brothers possessed some property. From 
this place he afterwards wrote to me. He told me that 
before he came to Massachusetts he saw the villainous- 
pilot of the Mexican, the infamous Baltizar, with several 
other pirates, brought into Montego Bay, from whence 
they were to be conveyed to Kingston to be executed. 
Whether the others were part of the Mexican's crew or 
not I do not know. Baltizar was an old man, and, as 
Jamieson said, it was a melancholy and heart-rending 
sight to see him borne to execution with those gray hairs, 
which might have been venerable in virtuous old age, 
now a shame and reproach to this hoary villain, for he was 
full of years and old in iniquity. When Jamieson re- 
ceived the letter which I wrote, he immediately embarked 
with Capt. Wilson and came to Boston, as I have before 
observed. 

"According to his own account, he was of a very re- 
spectable family in Greenock, Scotland. His father 
when living, was a rich cloth merchant, but both 
his father and mother had been dead many years. He was 
the youngest of thirteen children, and being, as he said* 
of a roving disposition, had always followed the seas. 
He had received a polite education, and was of a very 
gentlemanly deportment. He spoke several living lan- 
guages, and was skilled in drawing and painting. He had 
travelled extensively in different countries, and acquired 
in consequence an excellent knowledge of their manners 
and customs. His varied information (for hardly any 
subject escaped him) rendered him a very entertaining 
companion. His observations on the character of differ- 
ent nations were very liberal, marking their various traits* 
their virtues and vices, with playful humorousness, quite 
free from bigotry or narrow prejudice. 

"He was in France during the disturbance between 
France and England, when all British subjects whatever 
in France were detained prisoners of war. He was one 



224 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

who was thus compelled to remain a prisoner to Napoleon. 
He was there at the time of Napoleon's memorable expe- 
dition to Russia, and saw the splendid troops of the 
Emperor when they left delightful France to commence 
their toilsome and fatal journey, and also the remnant 
when they returned, broken down, dispirited, haggard and 
wan, their garments hanging about them in tatters, and 
hardly life enough in them to keep soul and body together. 
The particulars respecting this period he could communi- 
cate with the minuteness of an eye-witness, which conse- 
quently rendered them very interesting. During the first 
part of his residence in France he was supported by re- 
mittances from his father and allowed the liberty of the 
city of Valenciennes, a gentleman there being bound for 
his good behavior. He thus had an opportunity of visit- 
ing and becoming acquainted with the inhabitants. He 
lived in this manner several years. At length aroused, as 
he said, by the consciousness that he was spending the 
best days of his life in idleness, he formed the determina- 
tion to try and make his escape from the country. He 
honorably released the gentleman who was bound for him 
from his obligation, frankly telling him that he should 
run away the first opportunity. From this time he was 
alternately arrested and imprisoned, and by various strata- 
gems effected his escape, until he had been placed in 
ninety-three different prisons. During his wanderings he 
climbed the Alps, and visited the famous passage, cut 
through the solid rocks by Hannibal, which, as he said, 
was of sufficient magnitude to admit a large loaded wagon 
to pass through. From his long residence in France he 
had learned to speak the French language with a facility 
almost equal to a native. The charm of his conversation 
and manners drew people around him, they hardly knew 
how or why. 

"I was in trade between Boston and Philadelphia at the 
time he came to Massachusetts, and he sailed with me 
several trips as my mate. He afterwards went to Cuba, 
and was subsequently engaged in the mackerel fishery out 
of the port of Hingham during the warm season, and in 
the winter frequently employed himself in teaching navi- 
gation to young men, for which he was eminently quali- 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 225 

fied. He remained with us until his death, which took 
place in 1829. At this time he had been out at sea two 
or three days, when he was taken sick and was carried 
into Cape Cod, where he died, on the first day of May, 
1829, and there his remains lie buried. Peace be to his 
ashes ! They rest in a strange land, far from his kindred 
and his native country. 

"Since his death I have met with Mr. Stewart in Phila- 
delphia, who was commercial agent in Trinidad at the 
time of my capture. He informed me that the piratical 
schooner Mexican was afterwards chased by an English 
government vessel, from Jamaica, which was cruising in 
search of it. Being hotly pursued, the pirates deserted 
their vessel and fled to the mangrove bushes, on an island 
similar to that on which they had placed me and my crew 
to die. The English surrounded them, and thus they 
were cut off from all hope of escape. They remained 
there, I think, fourteen days, when, being almost entirely 
subdued by famine, eleven surrendered themselves and 
were taken. The others probably perished among the 
mangroves. The few who were taken were carried by 
the government vessel into Trinidad. Mr. Stewart said 
that he saw them himself, and such miserable objects that 
had life he never before beheld. They were in a state of 
starvation ; their beards had grown to a frightful length, 
their bodies were covered with filth and vermin, and their 
countenances were hideous. From Trinidad they were 
taken to Kingston, Jamaica, and there hung. Thus there 
is every reason to believe that this horde of monsters was 
at last broken up and dispersed." 

By 1824 piracy in West Indian waters had been sup- 
pressed to a great extent, and although sporadic attacks 
were made for some years more on attractive merchant- 
men, yet they were as nothing in number and frequency 
compared with the wholesale murder and pillage practiced 
with impunity a few years before. 

Commodore Porter determined to take his fever-stricken 
squadron to recuperate in a cooler climate, and after an 
absence of several months returned to his station. This 
absence tended to revive somewhat the drooping spirits 
of the freebooters. There was a secret association of 



226 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

desperadoes with some of the merchants and custom 
house officers, most of the latter being natives of old 
Spain, intent only on making their fortunes and greedy 
and rapacious beyond imagination. They prevailed on the 
Spanish authorities, some of whose high officials, it is be- 
lieved, were not above accepting bribes, to refuse the 
American naval forces the privilege of pursuing the 
pirates in Spanish territory ; but even so, the latter found 
themselves no longer able to arm and equip many formi- 
dable vessels. 

As soon as the United States fleet returned to its for- 
mer cruising ground, the little "mosquito fleet" resumed 
the arduous work of scouring the coasts, convoying mer- 
chant vessels, and destroying all suspected haunts of 
pirates. 

Before the fleet left for the north, during the autumn 
of 1823, the barge "Gnat" returned from a most arduous 
cruise among the keys north of Cuba in search of piratical 
establishments. 

While at Cayo Roman, midshipman Hunter was cap- 
tured by a gang of desperadoes while on his way to buy 
some provisions. The pirates took him some distance 
away, but released him at night. Lieutenant Freelons,. 
commanding the "Gnat," seized all the boats he could 
find, blockaded the island, and remained there six days 
without capturing any of them. He, however, managed 
to destroy three large row galleys, fitted with masts and 
sails, belonging to the pirates, together with a large quan- 
tity of arms and ammunition they had left behind in 
their hasty retreat. 

This particular gang was organized under the leadership 
of one Antonio El Majorcam, a notorious freebooter, said 
at one time to have been an officer in the Spanish navy. 
He subsequently became a highwayman on shore. In* 
August, 1824, Lieutenant Paine, in the schooner "Ter- 
rier," captured a launch with eight men just after they 
had plundered a French barque, which he recaptured from 
them off Havana. Lieutenant C. W. Skinner, commanding 
the schooner "Porpoise," at Matanzas, on Oct. 20th, 1824, 
secretly sent a boat expedition from his vessel,in command 
of Lieutenant Hunter, to examine the adjacent bays and 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 227 

inlets, long notorious as retreats of pirates. Two days 
after Lieutenant Hunter returned with a piratical schooner 
mounting a twelve-pound brass pivot gun, a large new row 
galley, and ten smaller row boats ; one of these was cap- 
tured with three men on board. They stated that their 
vessel had been taken by armed men, who had given them 
that boat in exchange, with a promise of returning in a 
few days. The next day he discovered a suspicious 
schooner standing to sea in chase of another vessel in 
sight. On his approach the schooner tacked and stood in 
for the shore, closely pursued by the boats. The crew 
abandoned the schooner and fled to the woods, where they 
were sought for, but unsuccessfully. The schooner proved 
to be a pirate mounting the usual pivot brass heavy gun 
and small arms. 

From the number of valuable nautical instruments, 
trunks of clothing, rigging, and sails, three United States 
flags, and from the stains of blood on the articles on board, 
she must have robbed several vessels and murdered their 
crews. No papers were discovered which could lead to 
the identification of the vessel or vessels captured. Sev- 
eral articles of clothing were marked "Captain Shaw," 
quite a few had the initials "A. S." embroidered on them. 
A bag, on which was painted "Brig 'Morning Star's' Let- 
ter bag" ; a card marked "Mrs. Loris's boarding house, 
Charleston, So. Ca.", and several other articles, were 
found. The three prisoners were sent to Matanzas, to- 
gether with the blood-stained relics. The schooner her- 
self was manned and cruised as a decoy, but piracy had 
largely ceased in that neighborhood, and thenceforth only 
asserted itself on very favorable opportunities. 

President James Munroe, in his message to Congress, 
dated December 1st, 1824,* paid high compliments to the 
navy in his references to their services in suppressing 
piracy : 

"The activity, zeal and enterprise of our officers and 
men have continued to command approbation. All the 
vessels have been kept uniformly and busily employed, 

*Messages and State Papers of James Munroe, Fifth President of 
the United States. 



228 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

where the danger was believed to be greatest, except for 
short periods, when the flag officer (Commodore Porter) 
supposed it necessary that they should return to the 
United States to receive provisions, repairs and men, and 
for other objects essential to their health, comfort and 
efficiency. 

"No complaints have reached the Navy Department of 
injury from privateers of Porto Rico or any other Spanish 
possessions, nor have our cruisers found any violating our 
rights. A few small piratical vessels and some boats have 
been taken, and establishments broken up, and much 
salutary protection afforded our commerce. The force 
employed, however, has been too small constantly to watch 
every part of a coast so extensive as that of the Gulf of 
Mexico, and some piratical depredations have therefore 
been committed, but they are of a character, though per- 
haps not less bloody and fatal to the sufferers, yet differ- 
ing widely from those which first excited the sympathy of 
the public and exertions of the Federal Administration. 
There are few, if any, piratical vessels of large size in 
the neighborhood of Cuba, and none are now seen at a 
distance from the land. But the pirates conceal them- 
selves, with their boats, in small creeks, bays and inlets, 
and finding vessels becalmed, or in a defenceless situation, 
assail and destroy them. When discovered, they readily 
and safely retreat into the country, where our forces can- 
not follow, and by the plunder which they have obtained, 
and which they sell at prices low and tempting to the 
population, and by the apprehensions which they are able 
to create in those who would otherwise give information, 
they remain secure, and mingle at pleasure in the business 
of the towns and transactions of society, and acquire all 
the information necessary to accomplish their purposes. 

"Against such a system no naval force can afford com- 
plete security, unless aided by the cordial, unwavering and 
energetic co-operation which would render their lurking 
places on land unsafe, and make punishment the certain 
consequence of detection. Unless this co-operation be 
obtained, additional means ought to be intrusted to the 
Executive, to be used in such manner as experience may 
dictate." 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 229 

Shortly after this message was read news was received 
from Commodore Porter that he had punished the Span- 
ish authorities at Foxardo, Porto Rico, for their ill-con- 
cealed hostility to the American naval officers engaged in 
suppressing piracy. His act was disapproved by the 
President and his cabinet, with subsequent serious results, 
for after Commodore Porter was relieved, the zeal of the 
navy naturally received a cold douche. The pirates and 
their friends were not long in perceiving this, and tempo- 
rarily resumed their operations, as will be seen in the fol- 
lowing pages. 

Commodore Porter's official report of his conflict with 
the Spanish authorities was as follows : 

"United States Corvette 'John Adams', 

"Passage Island, November 15th, 1824. 

"Sir : I have the honor to inform you that, on my 
arrival at St. Thomas I was informed that Lieutenant 
Commandant C. T. Piatt, of the United States schooner 
'Beagle', who had visited Foxardo, a town on the east 
coast of Porto Rico, about two miles from the sea, for 
the purpose of making inquiries respecting a quantity of 
dry goods supposed to have been deposited there by 
pirates, was, after being recognized as an American officer 
by the proper authorities, there imprisoned and shame- 
fully treated. 

"Indignant at the outrages which have so repeatedly 
been heaped upon us by the authorities of Porto Rico, I 
proceeded to this place, where I left the flagship (the 
'John Adams'), and, taking with me the schooners 'Gram- 
pus' and 'Beagle' and the boats of the 'John Adams', 
with Captain Dallas and part of his officers, seamen and 
marines, proceeded to the port of Foxardo, where, finding 
preparations were making to fire on us from the shore 
batteries, I sent a party of seamen and marines to spike 
the guns, which was done in a few minutes, as the Span- 
iards fled on the landing of the party. 

"I then landed with 200 seamen and marines and 
marched to the town, spiking on the way the guns of a 
small battery placed for the defence of a pass on the road, 
and reached the town in thirty minutes after landing. I 
found them prepared for defence, as they had received in- 



230 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

formation from St.Thomas of my intentions of visiting the 
place. I halted about pistol-shot from their forces drawn up 
on the outskirts of the town, and sent in a flag requiring the 
alcade, or governor, with the captain of the port, the 
principal offenders, to come to me to make atonement for 
the outrage, giving them an hour to deliberate. 

"They appeared accordingly, and after begging pardon 
(in the presence of all the officers) of the officer who had 
been insulted, and expressing great penitence, I permitted 
them to return to the town, on their promising to respect 
all American officers who may visit them hereafter. 

"We then returned to the vessels and left the harbor, 
after being at anchor about three hours. As we were 
getting under weigh, a number of persons appeared on the 
beach bearing a white flag, and having with them some bul- 
locks and a number of horses apparently laden — no doubt a 
present from the authorities of the place, which they in- 
formed me they should send me. There is no doubt that 
our persons and our flag will be more respected hereafter 
than they have been by the authorities of Porto Rico. 

"Every officer and man on this occasion conducted 
themselves in a manner to meet my entire approbation. 

"I am, with great respect, your obedient servant, 

"D. Porter. 

"Hon. Secretary of the Navy, 
Washington City." 

This report, though it was evidently in harmony with 
the expressed wishes of the administration, produced an 
order relieving Porter of his command. As usual, there 
were "wheels within wheels", and the question of up- 
holding the honor of one's flag and country became inex- 
tricably mixed with politics, some, if not most of the 
latter being of a not very high order. 

In passing it is, perhaps, not uninteresting to wonder 
what would happen to the unfortunate naval officer, say, 
in the year of grace 1924, a century after the events re- 
lated above, should he undertake to resent in like manner 
an insult to the United States flag. He would lose his 
commission, that goes without saying, but he would be 
extraordinarily lucky if a worse fate did not befall him. 
Commodore Porter was court-martialed for overstepping 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 231 

his authority and doing that for which, in any other 
country, he would have been promoted and highly honored. 

The commodore and his friends asserted, and it is 
thought not entirely without reason, that the court was 
"packed" with his personal and political enemies, and it 
must be remembered that a century ago political feeling 
ran high, and gentlemen, especially officers of the army 
and navy, were held accountable for their words. Duels 
were frequent, and an incident not wholly unlike Commo- 
dore Porter's case led to the famous encounter between 
Commodores Barron and Decatur, which resulted in the 
latter's death. 

The result of the court-martial so deeply wounded the 
feelings of Commodore Porter that he immediately re- 
signed from the navy. He afterwards entered the service 
of Mexico as admiral, and served with brilliant success 
against the Spaniards, but he resigned after the Mexicans 
bad been relieved of external foes and returned home. 
Later in his life he received several appointments in the 
United States diplomatic service, and finally as minister to 
Turkey, where he died March 3d, 1843. 

David Porter was born in Boston, February 1st, 1780 ; 
he was appointed midshipman in the navy April 16th, 
1798 ; lieutenant, October 8th, 1799 ; master comman- 
dant, April 20th, 1806; captain, July 2d, 1812. His 
father, Captain David, commanded a Boston merchant 
ship, and was actively engaged in the Revolution, when 
he attained the rank of lieutenant in the Continental navy. 
After the peace in 1783, the elder Porter removed to Bal- 
timore, and engaging in the West India trade, introduced 
his son to the naval career at the age of sixteen. 

Young Porter served in the frigate " Constellation", 
in her famous action with the "Insurgente", in February 
1799, during our war with France; his good conduct in 
the action and in securing the prize, caused his promotion 
soon after. 

In January, 1800, he was wounded in an engagement 
with a pirate off San Domingo ; in August, 1801, Lieu- 
tenant Porter was made executive officer of the schooner 
"Enterprise", which captured a Tripolitan cruiser of su- 
perior force. 



232 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

While first lieutenant of the frigate "New York", the 
the flagship of the Mediterranean squadron, he command- 
ed a boat expedition which destroyed several feluccas 
laden with wheat, under the batteries of Tripoli, and was 
again wounded. 

Lieutenant Porter was then transferred to the unfortu- 
nate frigate "Philadelphia", which was captured while 
aground in the harbor of Tripoli, in October, 1803 ; he 
was eighteen months a prisoner, and on his release he was 
promoted to the command of the schooner "Enterprise". 
While in command of her, in 1806, Porter severely pun- 
ished twelve Spanish gunboats that rashly attacked him 
while in sight of Gibraltar. Appointed to the command 
of the small frigate "Essex", 32 guns, Captain Porter 
sailed from New York on what was to be one of the most 
famous cruises ever undertaken by a United States man- 
of-war, July 3d, 1812. 

He soon made several valuable captures : H. B. M. ship 
sloop "Alert" of 20 guns — the first ship of war taken in our 
second war with Great Britain — on December 12th, the 
"Essex" captured the British post office packet "Nocton", 
with specie to the amount of 155,000 on board ; and, at 
the close of January, 1813, the future Commodore Porter 
sailed for the Pacific, where he played havoc among the 
British trading and whaling fleet. 

Nevertheless, on March 28th, 1814, the "Essex" and 
her commander were captured, after a severe fight, in 
the neutral port of Valparaiso, by the British frigate 
"Phoebe", 36 guns, and sloop "Cherub", 28 guns. Captain 
Porter published a narrative of this remarkable cruise in 
1822. From 1815 to 1823 he was one of the navy com- 
missioners, which office he resigned, as has been seen, to 
accept the command of the fleet in West Indian waters. 
David Porter had positive and stirring qualities, was fer- 
tile in resources, combined with great energy ; excessive, 
and, sometimes, not over-scrupulous ambition. He was 
impressed with and boastful of his own powers, given to 
exaggeration in relation to himself. Not too generous to 
older and superior living officers, Commodore Porter was 
brave, daring, and endowed with the qualities that go to 
make up a great naval leader. 




UJ z 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 233 

He was the father of David D. Porter, who played such 
a prominent part in the naval history of the Civil war, 
and was, after the death of Admiral Farragut in 1870, 
made, in his turn, admiral of the navy, a position he held 
until his death in 1891 ; another brother, Commodore 
William Porter, distinguished himself on the western 
rivers during the war of Secession, his death in 1864 
being the result of severe injuries caused by the bursting 
of a boiler. It cannot, however, be said that the later 
Porters were as popular as their father ; they were too 
much given to self -appreciation at the expense of others ; 
David D., especially, from having been an intimate friend 
of General Grant, became in his later years on "official" 
terms only with the latter, the result, it is said, of a back- 
biting letter written to Secretary of the Navy Welles by 
Admiral Porter while the siege of Vicksburg was in pro- 
gress. 

After the recall of Commodore Porter, Captain Lewis 
Warrington, U. S. N., succeeded to the command of the 
squadron, which, during 1825, consisted of the frigate 
"Constellation", corvette "John Adams", brigs "Hornet" 
and "Spark", schooners "Grampus", "Shark", "Fox", 
"Ferret", "Jackal", the steamer "Sea Gull", store-ship 
"Decoy", and the barges. The "Ferret" was capsized in 
a sudden squall on February 4th, 1825, off the coast of 
Cuba ; five of her crew were drowned and the vessel sunk. 
Turning back a few months, before the events related 
above had taken place, the Salem Gazette for January 
23d, 1824, reported the following act of piracy : 

"Capt. Labonisse arrived at New York, 22 days from 
Domingo City, informs that a small schooner was fitted 
out at that place, to go in quest of the pirates who robbed 
the brigantine 'William Henry' of Salem.* 

"The governor furnished men, arms, ammunition and 
money. After being out 12 days, the schooner returned 
with 18 pirates, a considerable quantity of hides, coffee and 
indigo, and some cash, found on the island of Saona, 25 

*The only brigantine "William Henry" to be found in the 
Salem Ship Register was an old vessel of 166 tons, built at Kingston, 
Mass., in 1784. Registered at Salem, July 15th, 1790; William Gray, 
Jr., owner; Thomas West, master. 



234 THE SUPPRESSION OP PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

leagues to windward of St. Domingo, and it was expected 
they (the pirates) would receive the punishment due their 
crimes." 

The same paper for April 1st, 1824, contains an ex- 
citing tale of marine highway robbery : 

"The brig 'Echo', Blanchard, of Portland, Maine, 25 
days from St. Croix, has arrived at N. Y. Capt. Blan- 
chard reports that on the 17th inst., in lat. 31.50, long. 73, 
he saw a vessel at the eastward, bearing down upon the 
'Echo', which had all sail set she could carry. At mid- 
night the strange vessel passed the stern of the 'Echo', 
put about and stood towards her. It was soon found that 
she outsailed the 'Echo', and at 1 o'clock A. M. she came 
within pistol shot, fired two muskets into her, and ordered 
the captain to come to and send his boat on board, which 
being done, the boat soon returned, full of armed men, to 
the number of about fifteen. 

"When the boat came alongside, they demanded of the 
captain his papers. They inquired as to the longitude 
they were in, and demanded if there was any money on 
board. The 'Echo's' crew were then driven into the 
forecastle, and the pirates began breaking open all the 
chests in the cabin, and all in the brig, taking away all 
the clothes they could find. Three trunks belonging to 
the cargo were also broken and plundered. They likewise 
took away the new foresail, which was bent, a new jib, 
two steering sails, etc., a quantity of spare rigging, blocks, 
etc. Much more they destroyed. They further took a 
spare topmast, several other spars, and would have taken 
the cargo had it not been for a squall which came on and 
obliged them to take to their own ship, which they did, 
keeping a small boat and oars. 

"Two of the 'Echo's' crew were kept on board the 
pirate while the plundering was going on. They described 
the vessel as a full-rigged brig, mounting 30 6-pounders 
and a long 18 amidships. The decks were full of men, 
apparently Spaniards for the most part." 

A few months later the Salem Gazette again recorded 
an act of piracy, as follows : 

"September 20th, 1824. 

"N. Y. papers of Sept. 8th contain an account of the 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 235 

recapture of the brig 'Henry', of Hartford (Conn.), from 
the pirates, by a launch fitted out for the purpose by 
Capt. Graham, R. N., of H. B. M. frigate 'Icarus', and 
the capture of two piratical vessels of Cayo Blanco, in 
the Bay of Honda. The pirates all escaped but six, who 
were shot in the attempt. The pirates, it is stated, had 
previously captured 12 vessels, burnt them to the water's 
edge, and murdered their crews." 

On the 4th of March, 1825, Lieutenant Sloat, in com- 
mand of the schooner "Grampus", heard of a piratical 
sloop in the vicinity of the island of St. Thomas. He 
fitted out a merchant sloop, with a lieutenant, a midship- 
man (Andrew Hull Foote, of whom mention will be made 
later), and 23 men, in pursuit. The pirate, not suspect- 
ing the real character of this vessel, came alongside and 
opened fire. Sloat and his men returned shot for shot 
with a twelve-pound carronade (a type of gun very suc- 
cessful at short range), and after a hot fight of some forty- 
five minutes, the pirates beached their craft to escape by 
land. Two of them were killed, and, strange to relate, 
ten more were captured by the Spanish soldiers after 
they had landed. The notorious pirate chief Cofrecina 
was amongst those captured, all of whom were executed 
by the terrible "garrote" method in Porto Rico. 

Midshipman Andrew Hull Foote, who was to have such 
a distinguished career in the Civil war, then a young man 
of sixteen (he received his midshipman's warrant in 
1822), behaved in a particularly gallant and brilliant 
manner in this engagement. He was born at New Haven, 
Connecticut, September 12th, 1806, and was the son of 
Governor S. A. Foote ; owing to his distinguished services 
in the long and hard contest of the West India squadron 
against the pirates, Midshipman Foote was advanced to 
the grade of lieutenant, May 27th, 1830. In those days 
the navy was small, and there was no retired list for the 
senior officers ; the result being that in the junior grades 
promotion was practically stagnant, to the great detriment 
of the service, and so it was not until December 19th, 
1852, that Foote, the future hero of the Civil war, at- 
tained the rank of commander. While stationed at the 
naval asylum, 1811-43, he prevailed upon many of the 



236 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

inmates to give up their spirit rations ; being one of the 
first to introduce the principle of total abstinence from 
intoxicating drinks in the navy, and continued this effort 
in the "Cumberland" in 1843-45, besides delivering every 
Sunday an extemporaneous sermon to the crew. In 1849- 
52, in command of the brig "Perry", he was on the 
African coast, successfully engaged in suppressing the 
slave trade, and published a book on the subject, "Africa 
and the American Flag." Although Admiral Foote pos- 
sessed sterling qualities and the highest professional at- 
tainments, it is to be doubted whether he was a cheerful 
companion among a few officers cooped up for months on 
a small vessel. This feeling cropped out in a diary kept 
by one of the "Perry's" officers while she was on the 
African coast, and it is not to be wondered that the com- 
missioned force rather complained that their commander, 
with his strict Puritanical notions, his habit of preaching, 
and his strong dislike of alcoholic liquors at a time when 
drinking was common, did not add to the gayety of a long 
voyage. 

During the gloomy "secession" winter of 1860-61, Com 
mander Foote was executive officer at the Brooklyn navy 
yard; he was an intimate friend from boyhood of Hon. Gid- 
eon Welles, soon to be Secretary of the Navy in President 
Lincoln's administration, and the future admiral performed 
a service of inestimable value to the country by warning 
Mr. Welles of certain officers of the navy who, he was 
sure, would not be faithful to their oath, and giving him, 
also, his professional estimate of many other officers. 

In July, 1861, Foote was promoted to be full captain 
(then the highest rank by law in the navy) ; two months 
later he was made flag officer — at that period a mere tem- 
porary grade — of the flotilla fitting out on the western 
rivers. He sailed from Cairo, Illinois, on February 4th, 
1862, with seven gunboats, four of them ironclads, to 
attack Fort Henry on the Tennessee river. Without 
waiting for the co-operation of General Grant, he attacked 
the fort and compelled its surrender, and without the help 
of Flag Officer Foote and the navy, the army under 
General Grant could not, a few days later, have captured 
Fort Donelson. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 237 

Foote was severely wounded in the ankle at the latter 
battle, which injury compelled him to go east on sick 
leave a few weeks later. He was made a rear admiral 
and the head of one of the bureaus in the navy depart- 
ment on July 31, 1862. It was also the intention of 
the administration to have given Admiral Foote the com- 
mand of the South Atlantic blockading squadron in place 
of Admiral Du Pont, but the former's health had been 
shattered, and he died in New York City on June 26th, 
1863, after a short illness. 

In March, 1825, Lieutenant W. W. McKean (afterwards 
commodore and well known for convoying home, in 1860, 
the first Japanese embassy to this country), with the 
steam-galliot "Sea Gull" and barge "Gallinipper", took 
command of an expedition, in co-operation with the boats 
of H. B. M. frigate "Dartmouth", to search a certain key 
reported to be a base of piratical operations. They soon 
found a schooner secreted behind trees. A brief but 
spirited action ensued, which resulted in a complete vic- 
tory ; eight pirates were killed and nineteen were cap- 
tured, their schooner was also taken after she had been 
run ashore. 

Her armament consisted of two brass six-pounders, five 
swivel blunderbusses, and arms, etc., for a crew of 35 men. 
She pretended to carry Spanish papers, but these were 
discovered to be false. Cases of American goods were 
found on board the schooner and on shore. Another 
small topsail schooner was captured by the expedition, but 
her crew escaped. In 1828 the United States West India 
squadron was commanded by Flag Officer Charles (Jr. 
Ridgeley (for his gallant services during the war with 
the Barbary corsairs this officer had received the con- 
gressional gold medal of honor), and consisted of the 
following vessels : Sloop-of-war "Natchez", flagship, 18 
guns, master commandant Budd ; sloop-of-war "Erie", 18 
guns, master commandant Turner ; sloop-of-war "Hornet", 
18 guns, master commandant Claxton ; sloop-of-war "Fal- 
mouth", 18 guns, master commandant Morgan ; schooner 
•"Grampus", 12 guns, Lieutenant Latimer; and schooner 
^'Sliark", 12 guns, Lieutenant Adams. 

It was found necessary to keep a squadron in these 



238 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

waters, with a view to prevent piracy, for some years, 
and although sporadic outbreaks took place from time to 
time, there was no comprehensive revival of the free- 
booters' "trade." The same system of marine police was 
continued, and with the more or less active co-operation 
of the Spanish authorities, the marine highwaymen be- 
came fewer and far between, until by the early 1830's it 
was difficult to find any more, and merchant vessels 
bound to the West Indies had a reasonable chance of 
arriving at their destination without being attacked. 

The war on the West India pirates is one of the bright 
pages in the history of the United States navy. In this, 
as well as other operations, our men were uniformly 
successful, and although often outnumbered in individual 
encounters, bravery, good discipline and good marksman- 
ship (for which our sailors have always been renowned) 
won the day. 

The course pursued by President Munroe and his ad- 
ministration, resulting in the court martial of Flag 
Officer David Porter for resenting the insult to his officers 
by the Spanish authorities, naturally encouraged the 
pirates. Our officers felt that energetic measures on their 
part might not be upheld by their government, so they 
naturally became extremely cautious, and the result was 
manifested in renewed sporadic outbreaks of piracy. 

The Salem Register for March 19th, 1829, contained 
the following gruesome tale of murder and robbery on 
the high seas : 

"Piracy. 

"We gave in our last paper a condensed account of the 
horrible piracy and murder committed on board the brig 
'Attentive' of Boston. A more particular account of 
the bloody affair is given in the following statement, made 
under oath by the second officer of the brig, who was the 
only person left alive (and his escape was most providen- 
tial) to furnish the horrid recital : 

"The Notarial Certificate sets forth the testimony of 
Alfred Hill, who stated 'that he was second mate of the 
brig 'Attentive', Capt. Caleb W. Grozier, of Boston,, 
which vessel sailed hence on Sunday, February 2 2d inst., 
bound to New York, from Matanzas, having on board the 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 239 

following named persons, viz: Caleb Grozier, master ; 
Joseph Jordan, first mate ; this appearer, Alfred Hill, 
second mate ; John Robinson, Joseph Blaseday, and 
Potter, seamen ; and cook, a black man, name unknown. 
That off Point Yaco, was boarded and brought to by a 
piratical schooner, about 60 or 70 tons burthen, full of 
men armed with cutlasses, and having on board two 
large guns, who ordered the boat to be lowered and sent 
on board the schooner, which was done, having on board 
Capt. Grozier and two men, Joseph Blaseday and John 
Robinson ; that as soon as the boat got alongside of the 
schooner a number of her men jumped on board, took out 
the two seamen, and immediately shoved alongside of the 
brig and boarded her, and ordered all hands, except the 
captain, into the fore peak. After shutting the scuttle 
over, they waited about ten minutes, and ordered all hands 
on deck again. That at this time he, the said Alfred 
Hill, was stowed away among the cargo, for the purpose 
of secreting himself ; that they were called on deck sep- 
arately ; that he then heard a heavy groan from the cap- 
tain, and heard him distinctly repeat these words, 'Lord 
have mercy on my soul,' and heard a scuffling on deck 
and groans of the people ; that after the noise had 
ceased they commenced searching, as he supposes, for 
money ; that at 4 o'clock in the afternoon they knocked 
out her bow port, when she immediately began to fill with 
water ; hearing a noise on deck at the time, he supposed 
that the pirates had not left her, and was afraid to go 
upon deck ; that having discovered the noise to proceed 
from the flapping of the sails, after having remained be- 
low till twilight, he went upon deck and got some blank- 
ets, with which he endeavored to stop up the bow port, 
but found it of no use, as the force of the sea washed 
them in again ; that he then filled the topsails, to endeavor 
if possible, to get her back into the harbor. That about 
three miles and a half from the shore she sunk, and with 
the assistance of a plank, he succeeded in getting ashore 
about 4 o'clock the following morning, and continued 
walking along shore as far as he could ; that he then went 
to a house, where they gave him an order to go to Mr. 
Roberts' ferry, where he dined. That from thence he 



240 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIBACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

went to the plantation of Mr. Echevarria, where he slept 
last night, from whence he this morning came to town. 
That the brig was overhauled and boarded between 12 
and 1 o'clock of the day of their leaving port, and that 
the pirates left her, as he supposes, between 4 and 5 
o'clock in the afternoon. That after coming on deck, he 
discovered marks of blood near the rails, and pieces of 
watches, &c, and wearing apparel strewed about the cabin 
and deck. That he has no doubt, from the noise he 
heard, and the appearance of blood, that the captain and 
crew were murdered." 

"The 'Attentive' was cleared for Matanzas on the 4th 
of December last. The following list of her officers and 
crew is taken from the Custom House files : 

Capt. Grozier, aged 58, of Boston, a native of Truro ; 
Jeremiah Jordan, 1st mate, a native of Canton, Mass., 
residence in Medford ; A. Hill, of Portsmouth, 2d do., 
aged 17 ; Joseph Blasdel, of do., aged 21 ; Stephen Pot- 
ter, of Thomaston, aged 25 ; John Robertson, a native of 
the Netherlands, aged 39 ; Andrew Liahman, a native of 
Alexandria, aged 43 ; John Price, cook, of N. York 
(black), 33. 

"There is a great reason to fear that the officers and 
crew of the brig "New Priscilla", of Salem, have shared 
an equally deplorable fate, although many persons enter- 
tain hopes that they may have escaped in the boats, which 
were not seen on board the vessel when she was fallen in 
with. The 'New Priscilla' was last from Charleston, S. C, 
bound to Matanzas, and was commanded by Capt. Charles 
Hart, an enterprising, resolute man, and worthy citizen. 
He likewise was owner of a part of the vessel. A letter 
from Capt. Weston, who has arrived at Charleston from 
Havana, says he has no doubt that Capt. Hart and his 
crew were all cut off. 

"The captain of an English sloop informed Capt. Wat- 
son, who arrived at Charleston, S. C, on the 7th inst., 
from Havana, 3d inst., that the same day the brig 'New 
Priscilla', of Salem, was seen on the Bank, he saw a ship 
lying to, in company with a small vessel, and that several 
other vessels were in sight, some of which probably fell 
into the hands of the pirates." 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 241 

"From a slip from the Charleston Courier we learn 
that the Governor General of Cuba has issued a 
proclamation offering a reward of $5000 for the capture 
of the piratical schooner (which had captured the brig 
'Attentive' and murdered her crew), together with all or 
two-thirds of the crew — $2000 for the schooner alone, and 
$250 for each and every one of her crew. 

"The American merchants and masters of vessels in 
Havana chartered a vessel to go in pursuit of the pirate." 

A few months later the New York Shipping and Com- 
mercial List, the largest and most influential mercantile 
and financial paper published in the United States at that 
time — its files from the beginning, 1808, up to 1860, are 
a mine of valuable information relating to the commercial 
history of our country — reported the following serious 
cases of piracy, and most of the newspapers published in 
the seaports, denounced in scathing editorials the lax 
policy pursued by the past administrations. President 
Munroe had gone out of office on March 4th, 1825, and 
had been succeeded by President John Quincy Adams, 
who was never a friend to an efficient army or navy. But 
when Andrew Jackson — "old Hickory" — became chief 
magistrate, March 4th, 1829, he issued orders that "The 
seas should be swept of the marine highwaymen, if the 
navy had to be doubled." 

"Oct. 21, 1829. 

"Ship 'Globe', Macy, at the Cape de Verdes, from 
Buenos Ayres, was robbed of $1200, clothes, etc., by a 
piratical schooner, 17th June, lat. 6 N., long. 22 W." 

"Dec. 16, 1829. 

"Ship 'Candace', Lindsey, from Marblehead, Mass., for 
Sumatra, returned to Marblehead, 12th inst., having been 
robbed of all her specie, about $20,000, on the 13th of 
November, lat. 9 N., long. 24 W., by an hermaphrodite 
piratical brig." 

The "Candace" was a large, important ship in her day. 
Her captain, Nathaniel Lindsey, Jr., was equally well 
known, and as they both hailed from Essex County, Mas- 
sachusetts, an extended account of this occurrence, taken 
from various sources, will be found not uninteresting. It 



242 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

may be stated that it is more than likely that every soul 
on the "Candace" would have been murdered but for the 
pluck of Capt. Lindsey. 
"Salem Gazette, Dec. 15, 1829. 

"Marblehead, Dec. 12 — Arr. ship 'Candace', Lindsey, 
from Marblehead 20th Oct. for Sumatra. On 13th Nov., 
lat. 9 N, Ion. 24 W. (a little S. of Capede Verde Islands), 
fell in with a piratical hermaphrodite brig, which boarded 
and robbed them of all their specie ($19,850), 7 bales of 
dry goods, the principal part of the officers' clothing, 
watches, provisions, etc. The officers and crew of the 
piratical vessel were Spanish and Portuguese, and about 
40 in number, had a long brass 3 2-pounder amidships, and 
two small guns. They confined the officers in the cabin 
and the crew in the forecastle, under a guard, while they 
plundered the vessel. They boarded the 'Candace' about 
3 P. M., and left her about 7, at which time another ves- 
sel was in sight, which they stood for. They used na 
violence to the crew nor injured the vessel in any respect.. 
The 'C had 5 boxes of opium which they declined 
taking, and said they would make them a present of it. 

"The 'Candace', a fine full-rigged ship of 428 tons, was 
owned by Messrs. Bixby and Valentine of Marblehead 
and Boston, and was commanded by Capt. Nath'l Lind- 
sey, Jr., of Marblehead. The property on board of her 
was insured only to the amount of $14,000. The Boston 
Courier states that Capt. Lindsey, in case the pirates had 
proceeded to murder, had everything prepared to blow up- 
the ship." 

The Salem Gazette, in an editorial inspired by the 
"Candace" outrage, said, in its issue of Dec. 18th : "The 
robbery of the ship 'Candace', Capt. Lindsey, mentioned 
in our last, is a fact calculated to alarm our East India 
merchants, and it is to be hoped that it will awaken the 
attention of the Federal government as well as those of 
the sovereign states. 

"Other outward bound Indiamen have been chased by~ 
suspicious-looking vessels, near the line, who reconnoitre 
them, and, if they appear to be well armed, usually make 
off. There can be no doubt that these vessels are Brazil- 
ian Guineamen on their way to the coast for a cargo of 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 243 

slaves. Slavers are generally fast sailing craft, manned 
with a motley mixture of all nations, of unprincipled 
characters and piratical dispositions ; and already exiled 
from the society of honest men, and desperadoes by pro- 
fession, they are reckless of consequence. If they chance 
to meet any unarmed vessel, with specie, they have no 
objection to making her a prize. 

"They are well armed and full of men, so that resist- 
ance in case of such an attempt would be useless. The 
crime once committed, they are off in a moment — they 
paint their sides of a different stripe, and if the same ship 
should meet again it would be impossible for her to iden- 
tify them. Such dangerous freebooters ought to be looked 
after. Two or three small vessels cruising between Brazil 
and the opposite coast would be sufficient to keep them in 
check, and would aid in suppressing the diabolical traffic 
in sinews and freedom." 

An absolutely true and unexagge rated account of this 
unpleasant experience, as published in "Old Marblehead 
Sea Captains," by Benjamin J. Lindsey (Captain Lindsey's 
nephew), is as follows. It was originally printed in the 
Marblehead Messenger for January 21st, 1881 : 

"The ship 'Candace', Capt. Nathaniel Lindsey, Jr., of 
Marblehead, master, sailed from Marblehead for the coast 
of Sumatra in October, 1829, supplied with 20,000 hard 
dollars to purchase a cargo of pepper. Samuel Graves of 
Marblehead was the chief officer.* 

"While in the track where Indiamen cross the equator, 
Nov. 18, 1829, she was chased many hours by a pirate 
brig, overtaken and robbed. The particulars of the affair 
we have gleaned from various sources, but principally 
from a graphic account by Capt. Graves, which he kindly 
furnished us in writing. 

"The 'Candace' was in latitude 9 N., longitude 24 W., 
and 28 days out of port. The night preceding the piracy 
was one of those warm, still nights so common in the 
tropics. The ship was becalmed and rocked lazily on the 
long and regular swell. The cabin windows being open, 
Capt. Lindsey heard at times during the night, in the dis- 

*Samuel Graves was afterwards one of the best known of Marble- 
head's many "deep water" shipmasters. 



"244 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

tance astern, the creaking of a heavy boom, as of some 
big vessel close behind. This was his first intimation of 
the pirates' approach. 

"At daybreak a large hermaphrodite brig was discov- 
ered astern and gaining on the 'Candace'. Suspicion was 
at once aroused, and every sail that would draw was or- 
dered to be set. Still the chaser gained, and at ten o'clock 
ran up a large red flag and fired a shot which dropped 
about half a mile astern. 

"The officers and crew of the pursued ship strained 
every nerve to obtain some slight advantage which might 
allow them to escape, and many were the ominous glances 
at the dark-hulled brig which all the while crept nearer 
and nearer to them, and was now seen to be full of men. 

"At that time Spanish vessels, fitted out at Havana for 
a slaving voyage, in accordance with Spanish laws, then 
proceeded along the coast of Cuba, where more men and 
guns were clandestinely taken on board, and then sailed 
for the equator in the track of Indiamen, knowing they 
took specie to purchase their return cargoes. These 
slavers often robbed every vessel they met with on their 
voyage, and were guilty of the most shocking cruelty and 
barbarity known to man. The stories of piratical mur- 
ders were household words, and every mariner's heart 
sank at the dreadful prospect of encountering one of these 
robbers of the sea. 

"The feelings of those on board the 'Candace' at the 
inevitable fate which apparently awaited them can be bet- 
ter imagined than described. They had no reason to ex- 
pect that they would form any exception in the long wake 
of blood and horror which usually marked a pirate's 
course, and as they saw that escape was getting to be 
hopeless, each man prepared himself for the worst. 

"That the chase was in dead earnest was easy to be 
seen. At intervals there were heavy squalls, which 
obliged it to take in all sail and put the vessel before the 
wind. When the squall abated, the next instant all sail 
would be set again and the pursuit of the ship resumed. 

"At noon another shot was fired, which fell about two 
hundred yards astern. At 2.45 a third passed over the 
fore-yard of the 'Candace' and dropped a quarter of a 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLBB 245 

mile ahead. It was then discovered that the brief was 
full of men and was armed with a large gun in the waist 
mounted on a pivot, besides four long brass nines.* 

"The armament of the 'Candace' consisted only of two 
four-pound cannons, five or six muskets and as many- 
pistols. Her crew numbered but sixteen men and boys. 
She was therefore totally unprepared to cope with her 
adversary, and it was felt that resistance would avail 
nothing. 'Had we been prepared to combat the enemy,' 
writes Capt. Graves, 'no braver or better man walked the 
deck of a ship than Capt. Lindsey, nor would have de- 
fended his ship with more stability.' 

"The 'Candace' was hove to, and the pirate, with her 
men to quarters, also hove to, and ordered the boat of the 
'Candace' to come to them. The mate and four men 
proceeded to the pirate craft, but when within a few yards 
of her were met by their boat and ordered to return with 
them at once. 

"After boarding the 'Candace' the pirates questioned 
the captain sharply, and getting what information they 
desired, returned to their brig. Immediately two boats, 
full of Spaniards and Portuguese, ferocious-looking fel- 
lows, armed to the teeth with pistols and daggers, left the 
pirate craft and boarded the ship. There were thirty in 
all, and by the aid of an interpreter they at once ordered 
the officers into the cabin and the sailors into the fore- 
castle, and stationed a sentry at each place. 

"It was agreed between the captain and the mate that 
in case a massacre was begun, one cf them should fire 
into a barrel of gunpowder in the hold and explode the 
ship. It was thought to be a better fate to kill all in one 
general ruin. 

"Soon the cabin swarmed with the miscreants, who de- 
manded the money or the lives of the officers. Regretting 
his inability to defend his ship, Capt. Lindsey very reluc- 
tantly gave up the money, which was quickly removed to 
the pirate vessel by another set of men, while the first 
lot consulted together on the deck as to whether or not 
the vessel had better be destroyed. 

"Mr. Graves, who had some slight acquaintance with 

•"Nines," meaning cannon throwing a nine-pound shot. 



246 THE SUPPRESSION OP PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

the Spanish language, overheard their conversation, where- 
in some of them thought it advisable to supply themselves 
with provisions from the 'Candace' (which was done), and 
then take the prisoners on deck, one at a time, and shoot 
them, and set fire to the ship. Others proposed another 
plan. 

"While this discussion was going on, they ordered the 
second mate on deck. The hearts of the other officers 
beat quick, and each took a swift resolution to sell his life 
as dearly as possible. Having no doubt but that the 
pirates were about to slay their first victim, officer Graves 
seized his pistol, quickly dropped from the cabin to the 
hold, and leveled the weapon at the powder barrel. Just 
then a voice from above shouted, 'Stop ! they have not 
killed him.' It was a timely warning, for in another 
second the occupants of the cabin and the pirates on deck 
would have perished together, 'in one red burial blent.' 

"However, the conversation still having a murderous 
tone, it was felt that danger was imminent. The chief 
mate went between decks, determined to defend himself 
at all hazards, but five of the pirates dropped on him 
unawares from the after hatch, overpowered him, took 
away his weapons, and pointing a knife at his breast, 
demanded his watch and money. The first he handed 
them, but the latter being the proceeds of a former voyage 
to India, he did not give up. They made a search and 
were near the money several times, but did not get it. 

"One of the most singular circumstances connected 
with the whole affair, and one to which it is not improba- 
ble all on board the 'Candace' owed their lives, is thus 
narrated by Capt. Lindsey : 

" 'Our supercargo, having a brother an actor, he took 
with him theatrical dresses to wear ashore among the 
natives, an opportunity offering. He went to his room, 
dressed himself in a full black silk gown and a square 
white cravat, turned down the broad sides of an old-fash- 
ioned military hat (with a low crown), and thus imitated 
a Spanish padre. 

" 'He seated himself in his room, looking very serious, 
counting a string of beads around his neck (saying his 
prayers, of course). When seen by the pirates, they 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 247 

crossed themselves and turned away with a hideous look.' 

"The supercargo thus lost nothing, although he had 
considerable gold in his possession. 

"The conversation of the pirates, which was long and 
animated, took up time and brought night nearer, which 
proved to be a favorable circumstance. A heavy squall 
arose, with rain, thunder and lightning. Suddenly and 
with much confusion, the pirates took to their boats and 
pulled for their brig, it may be not caring to be separated 
any longer from the precious money which had been 
transferred to the vessel, and which, perhaps, they were 
not quite certain was in safe hands ; but this is all con- 
jecture. 

"The 'Candace' had been heading east, but immediate- 
ly wore around to the west, very cautiously getting every- 
thing in readiness, without attracting the attention of the 
pirates, whom it was feared might even yet change their 
minds and return. At last all sail was cracked on and 
the good ship leaped across the waves, every man breath- 
ing freer as they widened the distance between themselves 
and the pirate craft. Darkness shut in and hope revived. 
In the morning the brig had disappeared. 

"Capt. Lindsey, who was a diligent reader of the Scrip- 
tures, after retiring to his stateroom that night, took 
down his Bible, according to his usual custom. He opened 
the book at random at the one hundred and twenty-fourth 
psalm, which so wonderfully fitted itself to circumstances 
that it seemed almost like a divine message to those on 
board and made a lasting impression on his mind. The 
reader will do well to turn to it. 

"On a stormy day in December the people of Marble- 
head were surprised at seeing a ship under full sail head- 
ing for the harbor, and surprise gave way to excitement 
when it was discovered that it was the 'Candace', which 
was supposed to be in another quarter of the globe. The 
news quickly spread, and hundreds hastened to the 
wharves to ascertain the meaning of the unlooked-for 
return. As the story was told, it may be imagined that 
interest was not in any degree lessened. 

"The 'Candace' was the property of Bigsbee and Val- 
entine of Boston and Marblehead, and a few days later 
sailed for Boston. 



248 THE SUPPRESSION OP PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

"The pirate craft was afterwards thought to be the 
Spanish brig 'Macrinarian', commanded by Mansel Alcan- 
tra, a Spaniard who had committed many outrages on the 
high seas. He is supposed to have been responsible for 
the tragical loss of the Boston ship "Topaz" She was 
formerly a Liverpool packet, but while on her way from 
Calcutta to Boston, in 1829, under command of Captain 
Brewster, she was destroyed by pirates in the vicinity of 
St. Helena, and every one on board was murdered. Sus- 
picion strongly indicated that Alcantra had done the foul 
deed. 

"A letter from Havana, July 12th, received at Balti- 
more, states that the brigantine 'Mauzanarez', which 
robbed the 'Candace' of Marblehead, has been sent into 
Sierra Leone with a cargo of slaves and sold, and the 
captain and crew set at liberty, the captors being ignorant 
of their character." 

We are indebted to the Marblehead Register, a paper 
published in Marblehead from 1830 to 1832, for the fol- 
lowing interesting tales of piracy. In those days Marble- 
head was, from a commercial point of view, a much more 
important town than it is to-day. Nearly all its inhab- 
itants were connected with the sea in one way or another, 
so that the Register literally teemed with marine news. 
It was a surprisingly high-class newspaper, and one learns 
with regret that Mr. Blaney, the editor, after a two years' 
heroic struggle against adverse circumstances, was obliged 
to suspend publication for lack of financial support. 

"June 12th, 1830. 

"The U. S. corvette 'Vincennes', Wm. B. Finch, Esqre., 
commander, arrived at Boston day before yesterday from 
St. Helena, having been only 33 days on her voyage from 
that island. Through Capt. Finch the following particu- 
lars of an act of piracy are learned : 

"On the 12th of May (1830), lat. 7.28, Ion. 18.30, the 
'Vincennes' boarded the French brigantine 'Eliza', Capt. 
Pihon, 47 days from Bordeaux, bound to Bourbon. The 
'Eliza' had fallen in with the brig 'St. Helena' in the East 
India Company's employ, on the 24th of April, lat. 3.3 
N., Ion. 9.24 W., from St. Helena, bound to Sierra Leone, 
and learned that she had been overtaken by a piratical 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 249 

vessel on the 6th of April, in S. lat. 2, W. Ion. 11.30. A 
desperate gang boarded the 'St. Helena', and after having 
bound the captain (Harrison) and a passenger (Dr. Wad- 
dell), and thrown them into the sea, murdered also the 
mate and eight seamen and rifled the vessel. The pirate 
was a 3 masted schooner, mounting ten guns, and one on 
a pivot. He had a crew of about 70 men, principally 
blacks. Capt. Pihon rendered every assistance in his 
power to enable the 'St. Helena' in her destitute state to 
reach Sierra Leone. He was requested by the survivors 
of the crew to give publicity to the misfortune of the 
vessel." 

"Marblehead Register, 
July 3d, 1830. 

"Piracy — The 'Repeater', at Baltimore, in 30 days from 
the coast of Africa, gives the following intelligence : 'On 
the 19th of May was boarded by a boat from H. B. M. 
sloop-of-war 'Medina', who informed Capt. Rose that a 
despatch vessel, bound to Sierra Leone, was boarded a 
few days previous by a pirate, and the crew treated in 
the most horrible manner, tying the captain and first 
officer back to back and throwing them into the sea, and 
so continued until twelve others had shared the same fate. 
After remaining thirty hours, plundering and destroying 
all that was on board, they cut away the masts and tired 
several shots through the hull. Five of the crew during 
the time were concealed below deck, and thus escaped a 
watery grave — they afterwards rigged jury masts, and 
fortunately reached their destined port.' 

"On 20th May, off Cape Vergo, was spoken by an 
English armed vessel, who ordered the 'R.' to send a boat 
on board, which was refused on account of leaking badly. 
After some conversation, permitted to proceed, and de- 
sired that the 'R.' should keep a good lookout, as several 
pirates were on the coast." 

"Marblehead Register, 

July 17th, 1830. 

"Extract of a letter from an officer of a Salem ship at 
Havana, dated June 21 : 

"There is an English sloop-of-war here having caught 



250 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

the villain that robbed the 'Candace'* of Marblehead. The 
sloop-of-war chased him from Cape Antonio to the Isle of 
Pines before succeeding in taking him. A beautiful 
schooner arrived here this afternoon — a Guineaman. After 
having landed. 150 slaves, he was overhauled by the Eng- 
lishman and brought in the news. The English seem to 
catch everything, but the Americans, if they look out as 
sharply, are less fortunate." 

"Another letter states that the American Vice Consul 
(at Havana) has taken measures to inform the British 
commander respecting the robbery of the 'Candace', and 
it is supposed he will take the crew on board and carry 
them to Jamaica, leaving the vessel at Havana." 
"Aug. 7th, 1830. 

"A letter from Havana, July 12, received at Baltimore, 
states that the brig 'Manzanarez', which robbed the 'Can- 
dace' of Boston, had been sent into Sierra Leone, with a 
cargo of slaves, and sold, and the captain and crew set 
at liberty, the captors being ignorant of their real char- 
acter." 
"Marblehead Register, 

"September 3d, 1831. 

"Capt. Fabens, of the brig 'Richmond'! of Salem, ar- 
rived at Norfolk (Va.), from the former port, states that 
on the 20th inst., in lat. 37, Ion. 74.25, saw a vessel of a 
suspicious character, a clipper built brig of about 200 
tons, with five or six guns on each side. She passed close 
to leeward of the 'Richmond' and ran close across the 
stern, seemingly with an intention of reconnoitering them, 
after which she stood to the E. about 2 leagues and hove 
round aud stretched to the westward in pursuit of a ship 
supposed to be a New York and Charleston packet." 
"Marblehead Register, Sept. 18th, 1830. 

"Havana — By the schooner 'Rockland', at Philadelphia, 
the editors of the Baltimore American have received a 
letter from their attentive correspondent at Havana, un- 
der date of August 21, which says : 

*The writer of this letter was evidently misinformed, as it has 
been seen that the "Candace" was brought into port by her crew. 

t According to the Salem Ship Register, the "Richmond" was a 
brig of 153 tons, built in Salem in 1825, and owned and commanded 
by Wm. Fabens, Jr. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 251 

"The brig 'Sultana', Smith, of Baltimore, which arrived 
here from Liverpool on the 14th inst., was chased on the 
south side of the Island of Cuba by a schooner under 
Buenos Ayres colors. 

"She is known to be a privateer fitted out at Omoa, 
under a commission of Central America, in July. She is 
a small gaff topsail schooner, with a brass eight-pounder 
on a pivot, and a crew of forty-four men, French, Italians, 
Creoles of St. Domingo, English, and a few Indians of 
Central America, commanded by a Spaniard of this island 
named Vallanueva, and well known in the Colombian 
service. 

"The vessel is named the 'General Morazan', after the 
President of the Republic. There is little doubt that the 
above vessel is a pirate. The colors of Central America 
are exactly similar to those of Buenos Ayres, except that 
in the union the former has a rising sun and one or two 
volcanic mountains. Most of the Spanish, American and 
British cruisers on this station are informed of the cir- 
cumstances.' " 
"October 9th, 1830. 

"Brig 'Sabbatas', Capt. Howard, at New York from 
Cette, was boarded off St. Michaels, Western Islands, by 
a British frigate, the boarding officer of which informed 
Capt. H. that they had captured a piratical brig which 
had captured a Sardinian brig, and sent her into St. 
Michaels; they supposed the piratical brig was one of Don 
Miguel's squadron. The British frigate was then in search 
of the rest of Don M.'s fleet." 

Basil Lubbock, in his wonderfully interesting work on 
the old-time British sailing ships, "The Blackwall Fri- 
gates" (James Brown and Son, Glasgow, 1922), says of 
the latter day pirates : 

"In the nineteenth century the true pirate had gener- 
ally served an apprenticeship in a slaver, and his ship was 
always a heeler, usually built in Baltimore or Havana for 
the slave trade. It was only the most daring ruffian who 
dared show his colors — the black flag with the skull and 
crossbones — and he almost invariably sneaked down on 
his prey with some little known ensign at his peak. 



252 THE SUPPRESSION OP PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

"The following notices, taken from the shipping papers 
of the year 1838,* will give a good idea of his usual 
methods : 

'20th June, in 35° N., 70° W., the Thule was brought 
to by a brig carrying a red and white flag ; deck covered 
with men, most of whom were black ; weather heavy ; 
cargo not tempting enough. 

'25th June, in 34° N., 67° W., the William Miles was 
boarded by a piratical schooner about 150 tons, under 
Brazilian and Portuguese colours, with 50 or 60 men on 
board. Took two casks of provisions. 

'4th July, in 36° N., 47° W., the Ceylon (American 
brig) was boarded by a piratical schooner under Portu- 
guese colours ; wine, water and provisions taken. 

'5th July, in 38° N., 44° W., the Catherine Elizabeth 
was boarded by a schooner under Spanish colours ; ap- 
peared to have 50 or 60 men. Took a cask of beef and 
one of pork. 

'The Azores packet, five days from Teneriffe, was 
boarded by a piratical brig full of men, which took from 
her a chain cable, hawsers, etc. 

'Eliza Locke, o' Dublin, was chased off Madeira by a 
suspicious schooner for two days in May. 

'29th July, an American schooner was boarded off Cay 
West by a piratical schooner and plundered of 400 dollars 
worth of articles. 

'5th July, in 39° N., 34° W., the Isabella was boarded 
by a Spanish brig and robbed of spare sails, cordage, can- 
vas and twine. 

"It is noticeable from these reports that the corsair 
only left traces of his path where he had met with ships 
from which there was nothing worth taking beyond pro- 
visions and bosun's stores. Who knows how many 'miss- 
ing ships' the above buccaneers could have accounted for ? 

"Perhaps the best known pirate of the thirties was 
Benito de Soto, a villain whose history is worth noticing. 
Benito de Soto was a Portuguese. In 1827 he shipped 
before the mast in a large brigantine at Buenos Ayres. 

*In the first pages of this book the author mentioned the 
case of the brig "Mexican" of Salem, as the very last vessel at- 
tacked by pirates in the Atlantic (1832). He was not then aware of 
the above quotation. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 253 

This vessel, named the 'Defensar de Pedro', sailed for the 
coast of Africa to load slaves. Like all slavers, she car- 
ried a large crew of dagoes ; the mate, a notorious ruffian, 
made friends with de Soto on the run across, and between 
them they hatched a plot to seize the ship on her arrival 
at the slave depot. The 'Defensar de Pedro' hove to 
about ten miles from the African shore, and as soon as 
the captain had left the ship to see the slave agent, de Soto 
and the mate took possession of her; 22 of the crew 
joined them, but the remaining 18 refused. These men 
were immediately driven into a boat, which was capsized 
in an attempt to make a landing through the surf, and 
every one of the honest 18 drowned. 

"The ship was then headed out to sea ; the new pirates 
lost no time in breaking into the spirit room, and by sun- 
set every man aboard had drunk himself into a stupor 
except Bonito. This superior ruffian immediately took 
advantage of this to put a pistol to the head of his help- 
less confederate, the mate, and daring the drunken crew 
to interfere, promptly shot him dead. 

"The whole thing was carried through in the true pirat- 
ical spirit. The drunken crew at once declared that de 
Soto was just the sort of captain they wanted, and with- 
out any more ado he took command. 

"It appears that the ship had already got her cargo of 
"black ivory" on board, for Benito de Soto is next heard 
of in the West Indies, where he sold the slaves at very 
good prices. 

"He remained cruising in West Indian waters for some 
time and plundered a quantit}' of ships, most of which 
he scuttled after battening their crews down below. 

"Having exhausted this cruising ground, he next took 
up a position in the South Atlantic, right in the route of 
the traffic to the East. 

"In a very short while his raking brigantine, which had 
been renamed the 'Black Joke', had become the scourge 
of those seas. 

"Indeed, so great was the terror of Benito and his 
'Black Joke' in those seas by 1832 that homeward bound 
Indiamen began to make up convoys of themselves at St. 
Helena before heading north. 



251 THE SUPPRESSION OP PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

"Early in that year a whole fleet of ships was held up 
there through fear of the pirate. 

"At last a convoy of eight ships was made up which 
started off homeward, with the Indiarnan 'Susan', of 600 
tons, as their flagship. Unfortunately one of these ves- 
sels, a barque, the 'Morning Star', of Scarborough, home- 
ward bound from Ceylon, with 25 invalid soldiers and a 
few passengers, was an extraordinary slow sailer. By the 
third day all the ships had gone ahead except the 'Susan', 
which, in order to keep back to the 'Morning Star's' pace, 
had to reduce sails to topsails and foresail. 

"This progress was at last too slow for the 'Susan', 
and bidding good-bye to the barque, she also went ahead. 

"At 11 A. M. on the second day after parting with the 
'Morning Star', the 'Susan' sighted a large brigantine, 
crowded with men and showing a heavy long torn* amid- 
ships. The pirate immediately bore down upon the India- 
man, and clearing his long gun for action, hoisted the 
skull and crossbones at the main. 

"The 'Susan' was only a small Indiaman of 600 tons 
and eight guns, nevertheless the sight of her four star- 
board and broadside guns run out made Benito de Soto 
sheer off into her wake. Here he dodged about for over 
two hours, hesitating whether to attack or not ; finally he 
sailed off in the direction he had appeared from. It was 
a lucky escape, for by some oversight the 'Susan' had no 
powder on board, though tons of shot. 

"Meanwhile the 'Morning Star' was jogging along in 
the wake of the 'Susan'. On the 21st February, when 
abreast of Ascension, a sail was sighted at daylight on 
the western horizon. Her hull was fast disappearing from 
sight when suddenly she altered her course and bore 
down upon the barque. The action was a suspicious one, 
especially when a pirate was known to be in the vicinity, 
and Captain Sauley of the 'Morning Star' immediately 
called all hands and crowded sail to get away. 

"The stranger proved to be a long black brigantine 
with raking masts. 'The Black Joke' was whispered 
round the decks with bated breath. 

•"Long torn' 1 , the nickname by which sailors referred to a heavy 
pivot brass cannon, usually a 24 or 32-pounder. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 255 

"The pirate, as she rapidly overhauled the slow-sailing 
'Morning Star', hoisted British colours and fired a gun for 
the barque to back her topsail, but Captain Sauley kept 
on ; thereupon the Colombian colours replaced the British 
on the pirate. He was now so close to the barque that 
his decks could be seen crowded with men. Benito de 
Soto himself could be made out standing by the mainmast 
— a head and shoulders taller than his crew. Suddenly 
he sprang to the long gun and fired it. It was loaded 
with canister, which cut up the rigging of the 'Morning 
Star' and wounded many of her crew. 

"Captain Sauley held a hasty conference with his 
officers ancf passengers. It was decided to surrender; 
the colours were thereupon struck and the topsail backed. 

"The 'Black Joke', with her long torn trained on to the 
deck of the barque, now ranged up to within 40 yards, 
and de Soto in stentorian tones ordered Captain Sauley 
aboard the brigantine with his papers. A courageous 
passenger, however, volunteered to go to try and make 
terms with the pirate. But he and his boat's crew re- 
turned to the barque, bleeding and exhausted, having 
been cruelly knocked about and beaten by the pirates. 
He brought the following arrogant message : 'Tell your 
captain that Benito de Soto will deal with him alone. If 
he does not come I'll blow him out of the water.' At this 
Captain Sauley went aboard the 'Black Joke', taking his 
second mate and three soldiers with him, besides the 
boat's crew. 

"Benito de Soto, cutlass in hand, silently motioned the 
wretched skipper to approach. Then, as he stood in front 
of him uncertain what to do, the pirate suddenly raised 
his cutlass and roared out, 'Thus does Benito de Soto re- 
ward those who disobey him.' The blow fell in full sight 
of the terrified people on the deck of the 'Morning Star.' 
The poor skipper was cleft to the chin bone and fell dead 
without a sound at the pirate's feet. A shout of horror 
echoed across from the barque, at which Sauley's second 
mate, who had been motioned forward, turned quickly in 
his tracks, only to be struck down and killed by Brabazon, 
de Soto's chief officer. 

"The pirates, like wild beasts, having tasted blood, 



256 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

wanted more. The long gun was trained on the deck of 
the 'Morning Star', and as the ladies ran screaming below 
a shower of grape rattled about their ears. A boat of 
armed cut-throats next boarded the barque, but no resist- 
ance was offered, so Major Lobic and his sick soldiers were 
first stripped of their clothes and then thrown into the 
hold, a sick officer named Gibson dying from the brutal 
treatment shown to him. 

"The ladies were fastened into the fo'c'sle, and looting 
commenced. All this time de Soto stood calm and com- 
posed at his vantage post by the mainmast of the 'Black 
Joke', directing operations with the voice of a tiger. 
Stores, instruments and cargo, including seven packages 
of jewelry, were transferred to the pirate, and the cabins 
were looted of every vestige of clothing. 

Then the hatches were battened down, and, with the 
steward to wait upon them, the pirates settled down to a 
regular buccaneering carousal. The wretched women 
were brought out of the fo'c'sle, and their screams rang 
out over the sea. It was a scene of awful savagery. 

"Fortunately the pirates became so drunk that they 
forgot de Soto's bloodthirsty orders to butcher every soul 
aboard. However, they first locked the women in the 
fo'c'sle again, and then cut the rigging to pieces, sawed 
the masts in two, bored holes in the ship's bottom, and, 
satisfied that she would sink, tumbled into their boats 
and returned to the 'Black Joke', which immediately 
filled her topsail and went off after another victim. 

"Meanwhile on the 'Morning Star' there was not a 
sound to be heard. For long those below had been shut- 
ting their ears to the screams of their women and the 
drun^pfcn yells of the pirates, and now they suddenly real- 
ized that the pirate had sheered off, but at the same time 
they also realized their horrible fate if they failed to 
break their way out of the hold, for in the semi-gloom 
it was noticed that the ship was slowly filling with water_ 
The women, though they succeeded in forcing their way 
out of the fo'c'sle, did not dare show themselves on deck 
for some hours, being half crazed with fear. And it was 
only after some desperate struggles that the men succeed- 
ed in bursting a hatch open. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 257 

"Rushing on deck, they found that it was nearing sun- 
set. The vessel lay rolling sluggishly, an utter wreck. 
Forward the women were discovered huddled together in 
a state of collapse. Aft the compass had disappeared, 
whilst, almost more serious still, not a bit of food or drop 
of water remained. 

"The pumps were quickly manned and the leaks plugged. 
Fortunately for the unhappy survivors, a ship hove in 
sight next day, and with her assistance the 'Morning 
Star' actually succeeded in getting home, where her arri- 
val in the Thames created a great sensation. 

"In the meantime Benito de Soto, on learning that the 
crew and passengers of the 'Morning Star' had not been 
butchered in accordance with his orders, put back again 
to look for her, but failing to find her concluded that she 
had gone to the bottom, and thereupon resumed his 
cruising. 

"He is next reported as being thwarted in his attack 
on an outward bound Indiaman by a sudden storm. The 
story is well told by one of the Indiaman's passengers, 
and as it presents a good picture of the times, I herewith 
give it in full : 

" 'The gong had just sounded 8 bells, as Captain M. 
entered the cuddy, "care on his brow and pensive 
thoughtfulness." So unusual was the aspect he wore 
that all remarked it ; in general his was the face of 
cheerfulness, not only seeming happy, but imparting hap- 
piness to all around. 

"What has chased the smiles from thy face V said one 
of the young writers; a youth much given to ftyron and 
open-neck cloths. "Why looks our Caesar with an angry 
frown? But poetry apart, what is the matter?" 

"Why, the fact is, we are chased !" replied the captain. 
"Chased ! Chased ! ! Chased ! ! !" was echoed from mouth 
to mouth in various tones of doubt, alarm and admiration. 

"Yes, however extraordinary it may seem to this good 
company," continued our commander, "I have no doubt 
that such is the fact ; for the vessel which was seen this 
morning right astern and which has maintained an equal 
distance during the day is coming up with us hand over 
hand. I am quite sure, therefore, that she is after no 



258 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

good ; she's a wicked-looking craft ; at 1 bell we shall 
beat to quarters." 

"We had left the Downs a few days after the arrival 
of the 'Morning Star', and with our heads and hearts 
full of that atrocious affair, rushed on the poop. The 
melancholy catastrophe alluded to had been a constant 
theme at the cuddy table, and many a face showed signs 
of anxiety at the news just conveyed to us. On ascend- 
ing the poop assurance became doubly sure, for, certain 
enough, there was the beautiful little craft overhauling 
us in most gallant style. She was a long, dark-looking 
vessel, low in the water, but having very tall masts, with 
sails white as the driven snow. 

"The drum had now beat to quarters, and all was for 
the time bustle and preparation. Sailors clearing the 
guns, handing up ammunition, and distributing pistols and 
cutlasses. Soldiers mustering on the quarter deck prior 
to taking their station on the poop — we had 200 on board. 
Women in the waist, with anxious faces, and children 
staring with wondering eyes. Writers, cadets and assist- 
ant surgeons in heterogeneous medley. The latter, as 
soon as the news had been confirmed, descended to their 
various cabins and reappeared in martial attire. One 
young gentleman had his 'toasting knife stuck through 
the pocket-hole of his inexpressibles — a second Monk- 
barns ; another came on exulting, his full dressed shako 
placed jauntingly on his head as a Bond Street beau 
wears his castor ; a third, with pistols in his sash, his 
swallow-tailed coat boasting of sawdust, his sword dang- 
ling between his legs in all the extricacies of novelty — he 
was truly a martial figure, ready to seek for reputation 
even at the cannon's mouth. 

"Writers had their Joe Mateon and assistant surgeons 
their instruments. It was a stirring sight, and yet, withal, 
ridiculous. 

"But, now, the stranger quickly approached us, and 
quietness was ordered. The moment was an interesting 
one. A deep silence reigned throughout the vessel, save 
now and then the dash of the water against the ship's 
side, and here and there the half-suppressed ejaculation of 
some impatient son of Neptune. 




J 



ADMIRAL DAVID GLASGOW FARRAGUT 
At the age of thirty-seven 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 259 

"Our enemy, for so we had learned to designate the 
stranger, came gradually up in our wake. No light, no 
sound issued from her, and when about a cable's length 
from us she luffed to the wind, as if to pass us to wind- 
ward ; but the voice of the captain, who hailed her with 
the usual salute, 'Ship ahoy !' made her apparently alter 
her purpose, though she answered not, for, shifting her 
helm, she darted to leeward of us. 

"Again the trumpet sent forth its summons, but still 
there was no answer, and the vessel was now about a 
pistol shot from our larboard quarter. 

"Once more, what ship's that ? Answer, or I'll send a 
broadside into you," was uttered in a voice of thunder 
from the trumpet by our captain. 

"Still all was silent, and many a heart beat with quicker 
pulsation. 

"On a sudden we observed her lower studding sails 
taken in by some invisible agency ; for all this time we 
had not seen a single human being, nor did we hear the 
slightest voice, although we had listened with painful at- 
tention. 

"Matters began to assume a very serious aspect. Delay 
was dangerous. It was a critical moment, for we had an 
advantage of position not to be thrown away. Two main- 
deck guns were fired across her bow. The next moment 
our enemy's starboard ports were hauled up and we could 
plainly discern every gun, with a lantern over it, as they 
were run out. 

"Still we hesitated with our broadside, and about a 
minute afterwards our enemy's guns disappeared as sud- 
denly as they had been run out. We heard the order 
given to her helmsman. She altered her course, and in a 
few seconds was astern of us. 

"We gazed at each other in silent astonishment, but 
presently all was explained. Our attention had been so 
taken up by the stranger that we had not thought of the 
weather, which had been threatening some time, and for 
which reason we were under snug sail. But, during our 
short acquaintance, the wind had been gradually increas- 
ing, and two minutes after the pirate had dropped astern 
it blew a perfect hurricane, accompanied by heavy rain. 



260 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

"We had just time to observe our friend scudding be- 
fore it under bare poles, and we saw him no more. 

"After this audacious attempt, Benito de Soto steered 
north, with the intention of running into Corunna to refit 
and dispose of plunder. Off the Spanish coast he cap- 
tured a local brig, and after plundering her, sank her, 
with all on board except one man, whom he retained to 
pilot the 'Black Joke' into Corunna. As the pirate 
neared the harbor, with this man at the helm, de Soto 
said to him : 

" 'Is this the entrance ?' 

"The reply was in the affirmative. 

" 'Very well, my man,' went on the pirate captain, 'you 
have done well, I am obliged to you,' and drawing a 
pistol from his belt, he shot the wretched man dead. 

"At Corunna the pirate managed to sell his plunder 
without arousing suspicion, and obtaining ship's papers 
under a false name, shaped a course for Cadiz. But the 
weather coming on, he missed stays one dark night close 
inshore and took the ground. All hands, however, man- 
aged to reach the shore safely in the boats, and de Soto, 
nothing daunted by his misfortune, coolly arranged that 
they should march overland to Cadiz, represent themselves 
as shipwrecked mariners, and sell the wreck for what it 
would fetch. At Cadiz, however, the authorities were 
more on the alert than at Corunna, and arrested six of the 
pirates on suspicion that they were not what they represent- 
ed themselves to be. They were not quite quick enough, 
however, de Soto and the rest of the pirate crew getting 
clean away. The pirate captain made his way to Gibral- 
tar, where some of the invalid soldiers out of the 'Morn- 
ing Star', on their way to Malta, happened to recognize 
him in spite of the fact that he wore a white hat of the 
best English quality, silk stockings, white trousers, and 
blue frock-coat. He was thereupon arrested, and in his 
possession were found clothes, charts, nautical instruments 
and weapons taken from the 'Morning Star'. This was 
enough to convict him, but under his pillow at the inn 
where he was stopping the maid servant discovered the 
pocket-book and diary of Captain Sauley, which settled 
matters. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 261 

"He was tried before Sir George Don, Governor of 
Gibraltar, and sentenced to death. The British authori- 
ties sent him across to Cadiz to be executed along with 
the pirates captured there. A gallows was erected at the 
water's edge. He was conveyed there in a cart, which 
held his coffin. He met his death with iron fortitude. 
He actually arranged the noose round his own neck, and 
rinding the loop came a little too high, calmly jumped on 
to the coffin and settled it comfortably round his neck, as 
cool and unconcerned as if it had only been a neckcloth. 
Then, after taking a final look round, he gazed for a 
moment steadfastly out to sea. As the wheels of the 
tumbril began to revolve, he cried out, 'Adios todos !' 
(farewell all), and threw himself forward in order to 
hasten the end. 

"Thus died Benito de Soto, the last of the more notable 
pirates, and a true example of the old-time sea rover. 

"Curiously enough, in the autumn of the very year 
that finished Benito de Soto's career, a man of the same 
name was also taken for piracy. This man was the mate 
of the pirate schooner 'Pinta', which brought disaster to 
the brig 'Mexican', of Salem, on the 20th of September, 
1832."* 

In the following pages the author has, with much trou- 
ble, compiled from the files of the New York Shipping 
and Commercial List a complete list of vessels of every 
nation attacked by pirates from 1824 to 1832. 
Oct. 20, 1824. 

The polacre brig "Union", under English colors, from 
Gibraltar to Vera Cruz, ran ashore on the N. E. point of 
the harbor of Neuvitas and bilged — crew captured and 
cargo plundered by the pirates. 

Brig "Albert", Phillips, of New York, from Cadiz to 
Havana, captured by a Colombian pirate off Stirup Key ; 
was cast away on the 11th Sept. near Abaco. Vessel a 
total loss. 
Nov. 17, 1824. 

The brig "Laura Ann", Shaw, of New York, from 
Montevideo for Havana, with jerked beef, has been cap- 

*The account of this act of piracy will be found on pp. 8-11. 



262 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

tured and burnt by pirates, on the coast of Cuba, and all 
on board murdered, with the exception of one man. 
Dec. 11, 1824. 

Schooners "Ann", Ryan, and "Rainbow", Davis, from 
Jamaica for North Carolina, have both been plundered by 
a piratical schooner. 
Dec. 18, 1824. 

The French ship "Calypso", captured by pirates near 
Cape St. Philip, Cuba, has been recaptured by the U. 
States schooner "Terrier", and was proceeding for Thomp- 
son's Island (now Key West), 16th ult. 
Dec. 22, 1824. 

The Spanish corvette "Alvea", from Corunna for Ha- 
vana, was captured 1st ult. by the Colombian schooner 
"Aquilla", commanded by a famous pirate, and taken 
into Port Cavello. 
Jan. 12, 1825. 

The brig "Edward", Dillingham, from Bordeaux for 
Havana, was captured by pirates near the coast of Cuba, 
11th Oct. last — not known where she was carried. Part 
of her crew escaped in one of her boats. 
Jan. 15, 1825. 

Spanish brig "Maceas", from Gibara, Cuba, for Cadiz, 
with a cargo of tobacco, was captured on the 3d ult. by 
the pirate schooner "Centella", formerly a Colombian 
privateer. 
Jan. 26, 1825. 

The wreck of the French ship "Jerome Maximillien", 
Marre, which sailed from this port (New York) early in 
December for Port an Prince, drifted ashore at Turks 
Island, about 30th ult. — no person on board. She is 
supposed to have been plundered by pirates and her crew 
murdered. 

Ship "Louisa", Hopkins, from Providence for New 
Orleans, has put into Savannah — having seen a pirate off 
the Hole in the Wall. 
Feb. 9, 1825. 

Brig "Betsey", Hilton, from Wiscasset (Maine), for 
Matanzas, with lumber, has been totally lost on the 
double-headed Shot Keys, as is stated by a sailor named 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 263 

Collins, who belonged to her, and who also states that all 
the crew except himself were murdered by pirates after 
the shipwreck. 
March 12, 1825. 

Schooner "Mobile", Prescott, from Baltimore for Porto 
Rico, put into Jacquemel about the middle of February, 
having been chased by two piratical boats, and threw over 
her deck load. 
March 19, 1825. 

Brig "Alexander", Linzee, of Boston, at Rio Janeiro, 
was fired upon and robbed of sundry articles by a schooner 
of about 75 tons, in lat. 7 N. long. 21 W. 
May 18, 1825. 

Schooner "Planter", Eldridge, from this port (New 
York), for Neuvitas, was captured by a pirate about 
March 10th. Captain and crew supposed to be murdered. 
May 21, 1825. 

Schooner "Alert", Eldredge, of Yarmouth, has put 
into Antigua, in distress, having been robbed by a pirate 
in lat. 17, Ion. 58. 
June 4, 1825. 

Brig "Edward", Ferguson, from Havana for this port 
(New York), was captured by a pirate on the 17th of 
February last. A passenger and two of the crew were 
landed on an island on the coast of Cuba. The remain- 
der supposed to have been murdered, and the vessel de # 
stroyed. 
Sept. 7, 1825. 

Spanish brig "Carmen", from Barcelona and Cadiz for 
Havana, with government stores, was captured on June 
28, off Baracoa, by the pirate "Zulene". 
Oct. 22, 1825. 

Spanish ship "Catalina del Commercio", of Barcelona, 
from Cuba, was captured by a pirate on Aug. 4. Crew 
sent into Cadiz. 
Nov. 12, 1825. 

Dutch ship "Augustine", Granswald, from Campeaclry 
for Havana, was captured by a Colombian pirate on 29th 
ult. 



264 THE SUPPRESSION OP PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

Jan. 25, 1826. 

Schooner "Gen. Warren", Morris, of Cohasset, from 
Boston for Tarapico, put into Charleston 13th inst. — part 
of her crew having landed at the double-headed Shot 
Keys, where they were supposed to be detained by pirates. 

April 12, 1826. 

Schooner "Hope and Susan", Chase, from Marseilles 
for Havana, has been captured by the piratical Colombian 
privateer "Constantia", and seut into Carthagena. 

August 9, 1826. 

Brig "Henry", Green, from Boston, arrived at Rio 
Grande early in May — was robbed by a pirate a little 
south of the equator. 
March 31, 1827. 

Brig "Falcon", Somers, of Gloucester, Mass., had been 
robbed in the Archipelago, by Greek pirates, and would 
have to proceed to Smyrna for provisions. 

May 2, 1827. 

Brig "Ann", of and from Salem,* for river La Plata, 
was spoken about the middle of March, having been 
robbed of sails, rigging, provisions, etc., by a piratical 
schooner near the Equator. 

Dec. 1, 1827. 

Brig "Bolivar" Clark, of and from Marblehead, Mass., 
to Mobile, Oct. 12th, was chased by an armed schooner, 
supposed to be a pirate ; part of the brig's cargo was 
thrown overboard to avoid capture. 

Dec. 5, 1827. 

Brig "Cherub", Loring, from Boston, was taken by a 
pirate, Sept. 5th, two miles from the island of Ceriga, and 
plundered of all her cargo, sails, rigging, etc. 

Dec. 26, 1827. 

Brig "Rob Roy" was plundered by* Greeks, between 
the islands of Tino and Micani, of about 40 cases of opium 
and 10 cases of indigo, with all the clothing and money 
of the officers. 

*The brig "Ann" referred to is probably the vessel built at 
Pembroke in 1815, 204 tons. On July 21st, 1821, she was owned by 
Henry Prince and Henry Prince, Jr.; Charles Millet, master. 

(To be continued) 



THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY. 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP. 



( Continued from Volume LIX, page 168 .) 

If it is true that he moved to New Hampshire, it then 
becomes difficult to account for a John Burnap whose 
marriage intentions are recorded as of 23 May, 1782, 
with the widow Hepzibah Fish. The name should doubt- 
less be Fisk, and in the Fiske Genealogy it is stated that 
John Fiske, born in 1751, married Hepzibah . . . and 
died 5 April, 1773 ; that she then married, in 1776 (in- 
tentions 17 August), Moses Pearson, and that upon his 
death, of which the date is not given, she married, in 
1782 (intention 23 May, Reading Town Records, where 
she is called Hepzibah Fish, widow), a Burnap or Burnet. 
From the Town Records it appears that his name was 
John. The only Moses Pearson whose death appears died 
in Andover in 1835, ae. 83, and if Hepzibah had married 
a Pearson, why is she called widow Fish in 1782 ? The 
surmise of the writer is that Mary Hayward died about 
1781, after the birth of her son Amos, and that John 
Burnap then married, in 1782, Hepzibah, widow of John 
Fiske. The widow of a John Burnap died 9 May, 1813, 
but her name is not given. 

John, the son of the above, married and lived in Tem- 
ple, N. H., and this may have given rise to the story that 
his father was there. 

Children : 

262. John, born 27 Sept., 1769; died 3 Feb., 1795, Temple, N. H. 

263. Eli, born 25 Jan., 1772; died 5 Oct., 1800, Temple, N. H. 

264. Pius Upton, born 5 Feb., 1775; died 11 Aug., 1827, Packers- 

field, N. H. 

265. Molly, born 23 Aug., 1778; died 5 Feb., 1799. 

266. Amos, born 4 Aug., 1781; died 1 Mar., 1812. 

Note — The last two children are based upon information from a 
descendant of John Burnap's, and are not found in the records. 

172. Mary Burnap, baptized in 1744 in the Reading 
Congregational Church ; married, 29 November, 1768, at 

(265) 



266 THE BURNAP-BTJRNETT GENEALOGY 

Reading, Ebenezer, bom 14 May, 1749, at Andover, son 
of Thomas and Elizabeth (Walcott) Chandler of Andover. 
She died 22 October, 1778, at Wilton, N. H., and he mar- 
ried, about 1779, Sarah Averill, widow of James Hutchin- 
son, who died after 1794, when he married, for a third 
wife, Remembrance Fletcher, widow of Moses Pierce. 
He died 15 September, 1823, at Wilton, in his 75th year. 
(Averill and Chandler Genealogies.) 

Children, born at Wilton probably, by first wife — 
Chandler : 

Mary, born IT Oct., 1769; married Isaac Jewett of Temple, 

N. H. 
Bette, born 7 Feb., 1771; married John Prince of Brooklyn, 

Conn., and Joseph Melendy. 
Eunice, born 12 Feb., 1773; married, 27 Nov., 1800, Timothy 

R. Buxton. 
Ruth, born 15 Mar., 1775; married, 12 Sept., 1830, Darius 

Douglas of Wilton, N. H. 
Hannah, born 27 July, 1778; married Nathaniel Blodget. 

173. Samuel Burnap, born 17 July, 1747 ; married, 
16 January, 1770, at Reading (intention 16 November, 
1769, at Andover), Bette, probably the daughter of Jabez 
and Elizabeth Hayward, if so, born 11 March, 1748/9, at 
Reading. His name appears as Burnam in the Andover 
and Reading Records, but as Burnap in the Middlesex 
Court Records. The first two children were born in 
Reading, and about 1775-6 the family removed to Tem- 
ple, N. H. 

He was a farmer, and signed the Association Test in 
1776 ; recorded as of Andover, he was a private in 
Captain Henry Abbot's company, which marched on the 
alarm of April 19, 1775, for a day and a half of service. 
He also served in Captain Drury's company, Lieutenant 
Colonel T. Heald's regiment, 29 June, 1777, to Ticonder- 
oga, and again in the same company, Colonel Daniel 
Moore's regiment, 29 September, 1777, to Saratoga, and 
was discharged 26 October, 1777. 

As a boy of 16 he was placed under the guardianship 
of Ephraim Pratt, turner, 23 August, 1762. (Middlesex 
Probate Court Records, vol. xxx, p. 391.) 



BY HENRY WYCKOFP BELKNAP 267 

His name appears as a subscriber to the Meeting House 
fund at Temple on 3 August, 1781, to which he gave $2. 

He died 2 January, 1832, ae. 81, and his wife died 10 
April, 1838, ae. 89, at Temple, an apparent error as to his 
age in the gravestone. 

Children, born in Reading and Temple, N. H. : 

267. Betsey, born 22 Feb., 1771, in Reading; died after 1808, in 

Andover, Vt. 

268. Samuel, born 24, baptized 28 Nov., 1773, in Reading; died 18 

June, 1842, in Fitchburg, Mass., ae 68 yrs. 2 mos. 18 days. 

269. Ruth, no records found. 

270. Bethiah, born 12 Sept., 1784; died 3 Mar., 1874, in Chelms- 

ford, Mass. 

271. Eunice, no records found. 

The last three were probably born in Temple. 

174. Susanna Bdrnap, born 26 October, 1736 ; mar- 
ried (intention 29 December, 1754, at Lynn), Nathaniel, 
born 30 March, 1730, at Lynn (baptized 1730, Reading 
Church Record), son of Nathaniel and Dorcas (Sawyer) 
Sherman. Her name appears as "Burnitt" in the Lynn 
Records. They lived in Lynn and Lynnfield, where she 
died 3 October, 1768, in her 33d year (Congregational 
Church, Lynnfield), and he died 27 September, 1809, ae. 
79. It was probably he whose marriage intentions were 
published 30 January, 1791, with Mary Wilkins, but no 
children are recorded by this marriage. 

Children, by first wife, recorded in Lynn — Sherman : 

Susannah, born 19 April, 1756; died 4 Sept., 1822, ae. abou 
77, in Lynnfield. 

Rebekah, born 6 July, 1758; married, 9 July, 1781 (3 July 
1783, Universalist Church, Saugus Records), John Meeds. 
She died 12 Nov., 1786, ae. 27 (Lynnfield Church Records). 

Dorcas, born 10 July, 1760; married, 2 May, 1786 (intention 
19 Sept., 1785), Edward Pratt of Lynnfield. She died 23 
June, 1791, 31st year (North Reading Church Records). 

Keutha, born 27 Feb., 1762, possibly the "Katy" who mar- 
ried Timothy Burnham 26 June, 1783, at Lynn. No further 
records found. 

Ltdia, born 27 Feb., 1762; married, 28 Oct., 1784, at Lynn- 
field, Benjamin Willey. 



268 THE BURNAP-BTJRNETT GENEALOGY 

175. Martha Burnap, born 28 Dec, 1737 ; married 
before 1760, Richard, born 17 March, 1731/2, son of Wil- 
liam and Elizabeth (Lamson) Melendy of Reading, Mass., 
and Amherst, N. H. She died November, 1796 (Reading 
Congregational Church Records), and he married, 23 Jan- 
uary, 1798, Mary (Polly) Goodale, at Reading. He re- 
mained in Reading when his parents removed to Amherst, 
and it would appear lived in Wilmington, Mass., about 
1778, as twin daughters were born there ; however, he 
died in Reading, 15 July, 1824, ae. 92, but the death of 
his second wife is not recorded. 

Children, by his first wife, born in Reading and Wil- 
mington — Melendy : 

Martha, born 21 Aug., 1760; married, 26 Jan., 1786, Benja- 
min Woodbridge. 
Susanna, born 9 Feb., 1765. 

Richard, born 28 July, 1767; married, 18 April, 1793, Polly 
Tay, at Woburn. It is possible that it was his wife who 
died November, 1796, rather than his mother, for the entry 

simply reads, " , wife of Richard," and his second and 

last child was born in 1795, but as his father was still alive, 
it would seem that he would have been called Richard, Jr. 
In view of this possibility, it may also be that it was he and 
not his father who was married again in 1798. 

Thomas, born 26, baptized 29 Oct., 1769 (Wakefield Church 
Records). 

Joseph, born 12 Mar., baptized 21 June, 1772; probably mar- 
ried Bette Chandler, daughter of Ebenezer Chandler, No. 
172. , 

William, born 16 May, 1774; died Feb., 1795, ae. 20, in 
Reading. 

Mary, born 13 Oct., 1778, in Wilmington. 

Samuel, born 13 Oct., 1778, in Wilmington; married Hannah 
Pierce (intention), 16 June, 1802; died 20 Mar., 1844, ae. 65, 
in Reading. 

177. Bethiah Burnap, born 6 October, 1739 ; mar- 
ried, 5 June, 1760, at Reading, John, born 21 September, 
1736, at Reading, son of John and Joanna (Nichols) 
Nichols. He inherited his father's house in Reading, and 
died there 20 August (September in Town Records), 
1819, ae. 82 (Laurel Hill Cemetery), and his wife died 
there 19 May, 1823, ae. 84 (Ibid). 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP 269 

Children, born in Reading — Nichols : 

John, born 19 April (baptized 8 May, 1763), 1761; married 8 
Dec, 1785, Jerusha Parker. He died 14 Sept., 1823, ae.*62 
(ae. 63, Laurel Hill Cemetery). 

Mart, born 2 Oct., 1763; died 1 April, 1838, ae. 75, unmar- 
ried. 

Kendall,, born 10 Jan., 1766; married, 5 June, 1787, Hannah 
Symonds, and removed to Sharon, Mass. 

James, born 29 April, 1768; married (intention), 10 Sept., 
1793, Lydia Hosea of Amherst, N. H. He died 10 March, 
1849, ae. 80 yrs. 11 mos. 

Zechariah, born 14 July, 1770; married (intention), 1 Oct., 
1792, Rebeckah Damon. 

Samuel, born 28 Aug., 1772; removed to Stoddard, N. H. 

Ebenezer, baptized 29, Oct., 1775; died 2 Sept., 1778, ae. 4 
(Laurel Hill Cemetery). 

Uriah, bapt. 30 Aug., 1778. 

Bethiah, born Aug., 1778; died 10 Sept., 1778, ae. 12 days. 

Hosea, given in History of Reading, not in Vital Records. 

180. Elizabeth Bdrnap, born 6 June, 1745; mar- 
ried, 24 January, 1765, at Reading, Andrew, born 27 Sep- 
tember, 1741, at Reading, son of Andrew and Elizabeth 
(Nickolls) Beard. They removed to Gardner, Mass., after 
March, 1772, where he carried on his trade of carpenter, 
and died 22 January, 1831, ae. 89 (Church Records), and 
his wife died about 1835. The name appears variously 
as "Bard," "Baird," and "Bayrd." 

Children, born in Reading and Gardner — Beard : 

Andrew, born 10 Aug., 1766; died young probably. 

Elizabeth, born 21 May, 1768. 

Tabitha, born 2 Mar., 1770; married, 8 Mar., 1795, Abel 
Woodward, at Gardner. She died 26 Aug., 1842, ae. 72. at 
Westminster, Mass. 

Andrew, born 20 Mar., 1772; married, 19 Feb., 1795, Lucy 
Dunn, at Gardner. He died in 1851, ae. 79, at Gardner. 

Artemas, given in History of Gardner, but birth not record- 
ed; married, 31 Aug., 1801, Sarah Nichols, at Gardner. 

Aaron, given in History of Gardner, but birth not recorded; 
married, 10 Aug., 1802, Anne Dunster, at Gardner. 

Mary, given in History of Gardner, but birth not recorded. 

Abel, born about 1780; died 5 Nov., 1835, ae. 55, at Wakefield. 
Note — The fact that the last four of these children do not appear 



270 THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY 

in the records of any of the towns in which the family is known to 
have been, suggests that during this time they may have been in 
some other place. 

Bethiah (Thier), birth not recorded; married, 27 June, 1802, 
Aaron Wood. She died 19 May, 1835, ae. 51, at Gardner. 

Doboas, baptized 18 Feb., 1787, at Gardner; married 

Jewett, according to History of Gardner. 
Hepzibah, given in History of Gardner. 
Lucinda (Cene), baptized 30 May, 1790, at Gardner. 

181. Rebecca Burnap, born 6 June, 1745 ; married, 
3 November, 1763, at Reading, David, born 7 March, 
1741, at Reading, son of John and Johanna (Nichols) 
Nichols, brother of John Nichols who married her sister 
Bethiah, No. 177. The children supposed to be theirs and 
so given in the History of Gardner, were born in Lynn, 
Chelmsford, and Westminster, and both David and his 
wife died in Gardner, so it may be assumed that they lived 
in all these towns for a time. He died "before 19 Octo- 
ber, 1791" (Church Records), and she died 21 December, 
1825. 

Children — Nichols : 

David, born 2 Feb., 1766, in Lynn; married, 4 Dae, 17SS 
Rachel Howard. He died 19 Aug., 1822, ae. 56 yrs. 6 mos., 
at Westminster. 

Kendall, born 5 July, 1768, in Chelmsford; married, 31 July, 
1792, at Gardner, Deborah Partridge. 

Rebekah, born 4 July, 1770, in Westminster; married, 27 
July, 1790, Joseph Wright. She died 20 June, 1837, ae. 67 
(Center Burial Ground, Gardner). 

Mart, born 5 May, 1773, in Westminster; married, 19 June, 
1794, at Gardner, Jonathan Kendall, and lived at Hubbard- 
ston. 

Isaac, born 20 Sept., 1774, in Westminster; married, 9 Sept., 
1798, Nancy Dodge (Dogg-Doddge). 

Asa, born 15 May, 1779, in Westminster; married Mary Darby 
(intention), 10 Jan., 1806, at Westminster. 

Sabah, born 21 June, 1781, in Westminster ; married, 31 Aug., 
1800, at Gardner, Artemas Beard (Bard-Baker), son of An- 
drew and Elizabeth (Burnap) Beard, No. 180. 

Edmund, born 16 Mar., 1784; married, 15 May, 1806, at West- 
minster, Esther Jackson. She died 15 June, 1807, and he 
married, 1 Dec, 1808, at Gardner, Dorcas Whitney. The 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP 271 

History of Gardner says his second wife was Rhoda For- 
bush, but this does not appear in the Vital Records, nor are 
there any children recorded in their names. The History 
of Westminster says that Dorcas Whitney married another 
Edmund, which may be true. This history also says that 
this other Edmund married, secondly, 17 June, 1813, Betsey 
Adams, and in the Vital Records of Westminster the hus- 
band of Betsey died 7 Nov., 1839, ae. 57, which would cer- 
tainly be the age of Edmund, second cousin of Edmund 
born 1784, who was born in 1782. 

183. Joseph Burnap, born 13 June, 1747 ; married, 
24 November, 1768, Abigail, baptized 1748, North Read- 
ing Congregational Church, the daughter of Ebenezer 
and Abigail Bickford. They lived in Reading, and if the 
Emerson Genealogy is correct, in New York, but no evi- 
dence of this has been found. 

William Bickford of Reading, cordwainer, Jonathan 
Foster, yeoman, and Abigail Foster, his wife, and Abigail 
Bickford, spinster, of Reading, and David Bickford of 
Salem, carpenter, consideration £200: 2: 8, to James fos- 
ter of Lynn, land in Reading, 9 May, 1767. Witnesses : 
Jos. Parker, Jr., Jonathan Foster, Jr., Samuel Foster, 
Jacob Kemball, Benjamin Brown, William Bickford, Abi- 
gail Foster, Jonathan Foster, Abigail Burnap (different 
hand), David Bickford (the last two for Abigail Burnap). 
Acknowledged last Tuesday in November, 1783. (Mddx. 
Land Records, vol. lxxxv, p. 205.) 

Joseph Burnap of Reading, gent., consideration <£210, 
to Nathan Parker of Reading, Esq., land in Reading, ex- 
cept the one-half of the house which Isaac Burnap left to 
his widow Susanna during her life, also part of a house 
reserved in said will to Sarah Burnap. 24 Feb., 1789. 
Witnesses : John Alford, mason, William Winthrop. 
Acknowledged 24 Feb., 1789, by Joseph Burnap. (Mddx. 
Land Records, vol. c, p. 38.) 

Joseph Burnap of Reading, gent., consideration X90, 
to Edmund Eaton of Reading, gent., one-half a house in 
Reading, West Parish, provided that whereas Isaac Bur- 
nap, late of Reading, deceased, provided in his will, his 
son Joseph abovesaid the executor, and Edmund Eaton 
and Thomas Brown were bound with Joseph to the Judge 



272 THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY 

of Probate to save said Eaton all trouble and expense. 6 
March, 1789. Witnesses: James Bancroft, Jonathan 
Wesson, Jr. Acknowledged 26 March, 1789. (Mddx. 
Land Records, vol. c, p. 91. 

Nathan Parker of Reading, Esq., for good and suffi- 
cient reasons, to Joseph Burnap of Reading, gent., a 
building and land in Reading, West Parish, 55 acres. 19 
March, 1789. Witnesses : James Bancroft, Daniel Da- 
mon, Jr. Acknowledged 19 March, 1789. (Mddx. Land 
Records, vol. c, pp. 195-9. 

Joseph Burnap of Reading, gent., consideration XI: 5: 
6, to Samuel Damon, Jr., of Reading, yeoman, land in 
Reading. 26 March, 1789. Witnesses : James Bancroft, 
Jonathan Wess[on], Jr. Abigail Burnap also signs. Ac- 
knowledged 26 March, 1789. 

Joseph Burnap of Reading, gent., 19 March, 1789, ac- 
knowledged a debt to Jonathan Wesson, Jr., gent., £206, 
which ought to have been paid 23 March instant ; of the 
good, etc., of Joseph Burnap cause to be paid to said 
Jonathan Wesson. 3 March, 1789. Nathan Parker, 
Esq., Samuel Damon, yeoman, and Edmund Eaton, gent., 
appraisers. Appraisers' return 24 March, 1789, and 
creditors' receipt 15 July, 1789. (Mddx. Land Records, 
vol. xcix, p. 125.) 

There is no record of the death of Joseph Burnap in 
Reading, but an Abigail Burnap died there 20 September, 
1.830, ae. 83, which corresponds to his wife's age and may 
be her death. On the other hand it may be that there is 
good foundation for the statement that he removed to New 
York. 

Children, born in Reading : 

272. Joseph J., bora 4 Feb., 1770; died 27 June, 1857,ae. 82, in Wil- 

mington. 

273. Abigail, born 25 April, 1772. 

274. Susanna, born 20 Oct., 1774; died 14 Feb., 1849, ae. 74: 3: 15, 

at Reading. 

275. Cyrus, born 8 Feb., 1777. 

276. Isaac, born 30 Mar., 1779. 

277. George, born 24 Feb., 1781. 

278. Zoroday, born 17 May, 1783. 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP 273 

184. Jacob Burnap, born 20 October, 1748 ; married, 
7 October, 1773, at Reading, Ruth, born 13 March, 1748, 
baptized 3 April, 1748, at Reading, daughter of Ebenezer 
and Ruth Hopkinson. She died 21 December, 1773, and 
he married again, 31 December, 1776, Elizabeth, born 26 
June, 1757, daughter of Caleb and Ruth (Albree) Brooks 
of Charles town and Medford. 

Jacob Burnap was graduated at Harvard College in 
1770 (D. D. 1813), and the following year was invited to 
preach, as a candidate, at Merrimack. The church voted, 
23 December, 1771, to give him a call as pastor and to 
pay him £75 as settlement, with an annual salary of £50, 
which call he accepted in March, 1772. The town then 
had a population of five hundred, and deep interest was 
taken in the approaching ordination, a great crowd being 
anticipated for the ceremony, so much so that a committee 
was appointed to lay a loose floor in the galleries of the 
then unfinished meeting house, to brace the galleries and 
put up a rough breastwork in front, with stairs or ladders 
to each. Only temporary seats were provided at that 
time, and it was several years before "pew-grounds" were 
laid out and deeded to purchasers. On Wednesday, 14 
October, 1772,the event took place, thirteen other churches 
being represented, and Mr. Burnap began his pastorate of 
over forty-nine years. 

His testimonial to his first wife upon her gravestone 
reads: "in memory of her affection, prudence, goodness, 
virtue and piety, I inscribe her praise and lament her 
sudden death ; but not as they who mourn without hope, 
for I believe and expect the resurrection of them that 
sleep in Christ." 

The Rev. Humphrey Moore of Milford, in a funeral 
discourse, remarks: "The faculties of his mind were 
strong and well-proportioned. They were calculated for 
extensive acquirements and usefulness, and for the for- 
mation of a complete character. His understanding was 
clear and quick in its operations. His reason was strong 
and conclusive. His judgment was sound and correct. 
His memory was retentive. These powers were well cul- 
tivated. He was remarkable for patience of thought, by 
which he was peculiarly qualified for investigation. He 



274 THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY 

could dwell on subjects till light collected and truth ap- 
peared. . . . He continued to preach until prostrated by 
his last sickness, which was only of two weeks' duration, 
when he was removed from the scenes of his earthly 
labors, after having been pastor of the church almost fifty 
years." (Centennial Celebration in Merrimack, 1846.) 

Rev. William Bentley of Salem, in his remarkable diary, 
says, "At Merrimack Mr. Burnap is much esteemed," this 
under date of May, 1805. 

His second wife died 1 May, 1810, ae. 52, and he him- 
self 26 December, 1821, ae. 73. His epitaph reads : 

"After a long and peaceful ministry, 
He died in the faith of Jesus Christ ; 
He sleeps here in the midst of his flock, 
By whom he was beloved and revered, 
Awaiting a happy resurrection 
To a new and better life." 

Children, born in Merrimack: 

279. Horatio Gates, born 4 Jan., 1778 (? 9 Jan., 1777). 

280. Elizabeth, born 1799; died 1840, probably in Montpelier, Vt. 

281. Ruth, born 1780; died 27 Nov., 1806, ae. 26. 

282. Hannah, born about 1781; died 25 Oct., 1800, in Medford, 

Mass. 

283. Rebecca, born 14 May, 1784. 

284. Abigail, born 1785; died 26 Aug., 1808, ae. 22. 

285. John, born 1788; died 1827. 

286. Jacob, born 17 Feb., 1790; died 1862, in Merrimack. 

287. Susan, born 14 Nov., 1791. 

288. Caleb B., born 17 Feb., 1794. 

289. Francis, born 24 Jan., 1796; was a lawyer, and living in Rook- 

ville, 111., in 1846. 

290. Lucy, born 2 Oct., 1797. 

291. George Washington, born 30 Nov., 1802; died 8 Sept., 1859, 

ae. 57, probably in Baltimore. 

186. Abigail Burnap, born 21 June, 1752 ; married, 
15 January, 1771, at Reading, Thomas, probably born 22 
Feb., 1748/9, at Reading, son of Thomas and Phebe 
Tayler, and died probably 24 Oct., 1819. 

Children, born in Reading — Tailer : 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP 275 

James, born 21 Nov., 1771; married, 31 May, 1798, Sarah Nick 

of Marblehead. He died 14 Jan., 1849, ae. 72: 6: 8, at 

Reading. 
Thomas, born 4 Aug., 1773; probably died young. 
A son, born 6 Aug., 1776; perhaps the James baptized that 

year. 
A daughter, born 2 Oct., 1778. 
Phebe, born 19 Oct., 1780; died 10 Nov., 1822. 
Thomas, born 24 Nov., 1782. 
Susannah, born 12 Aug., 1785; married, 28 Oct., 1810, Joseph 

Wheeler. She died 15 Jan., 1817, 32d year. 
Isaac, baptized 25 Sept., 1787. 

187. Mehetabel Burnap, born 28 October, 1728, 
baptized 10 November, 1728 ; married, 17 September, 
1766, at Hopkinton, Solomon, born 19 September, 1744. 
son of Nathan and Persis (Whitney) Goodale of Marlbor- 
ough, Mass. She died 6 October, 1769, and he married 
again, Persis Bailey. He lived in Athol and New Brain- 
tree, Mass., and in Wardsboro, Vt, where he died in 1815. 
It is not recorded that he had any children. 

188. John Burnap, born 20 September, 1731 ; bap- 
tized 26 September, 1731 ; married, 1 May, 1755, Anna, 
born 8 July, 1736, daughter of Solomon and Anne (Rip- 
ley) Wheat of Windham, Conn. The name sometimes 
appears as Burnett, but the children were baptized as 
Burnaps. The baptisms were recorded in Hopkinton, al- 
though he was married in Uxbridge, and may have lived 
there for a time. 

He is probably the John whose name is in a muster roll 
of Worcester County for service in Rhode Island, etc. 

His wife died after 1774, and he married, about 1788, 
Lydia, born 24 April, 1725, at Hingham, Mass., daughter 
of Ebenezer and Hannah (Gannett) Kent, who had previ- 
ously married, 20 December, 1753 (22 December, History 
of Hingham), Noah Ripley. She was 63 years old when 
she married John Burnap, and died 17 June, 1816, ae. 91, 
at Barre, Mass. She had outlived him ten years, as he 
died in 1806. If he had any estate to settle, no papers 
concerning it are to be found in Worcester Probate Rec- 
ords, although some deeds are recorded, as given below. 

The gravestone of his second wife reads : "In memory 
of Mrs. Lydia Burnett, who was first the consort of Mr. 



276 THE BURNAP-BTJRNETT GENEALOGY 

Noah Ripley, by whom she had 8 sons and 11 daughters, 
17 of whom lived to have children. The descendants at 
her death were 97 grandchildren and 106 great-grandchil- 
dren. She died June 17th, 1816, aged 91 years. 'Many 
daughters have done virtuously, but thou excellent.' " 

Edward Chamberlain of Hopkinton, husbandman, con- 
sideration £14: 6: 8, to John Burnap of Hopkinton, hus- 
bandman, land in Hopkinton, 19 acres 60 rods (easterly 
bounds Capt. Burnap), he to pay to Trustees of Hopkin- 
ton Lands the yearly rent of Id. per acre. 27 Aug., 1764. 
Acknowledged 27 Aug., 1764. Witnesses: John Jones, 
Benjamin Carrell. (Hopkinton and Upton Deeds, vol. 
vi., p. 99.) 

John Burnet of Hopkinton, gent., consideration ,£200 
to Barachias Morse of Hopkinton, yeoman, land lying in 
common and undivided with land of Dea. Benjamin Bur- 
net in Hopkinton, 45 acres. (Daniel Burnet's land men- 
tioned.) 19 December, 1772. Anna Burnet also signs. 
Acknowledged 19 Dec, 1772, by John Burnet. Witnesses: 
John Wilson, Jesse Rice, Samuel Stimson, Benjamin 
Burnes. (Mddx. Land Records, vol. lxxiii, p. 525.) 
(Note also the deeds under his father's name.) 

John Burnett of Hopkinton and Anna his wife, consid- 
ration £18 to Samuel Stimson of Hopkinton, land in 
Hopkinton. 4 January, 1773. Acknowledged 8 March, 
1773. Witnesses : Amus Stimson, Alexander Stimson, 
Hannah Burnet, Lois Burnet, John Burnet, Anna Bur- 
net. (Ibid.) 

John Burnett of Barre, consideration £30 to Jacob 
Parker of Hopkinton, yeoman, land in Hopkinton, part of 
the farm formerly belonging to Dea. Benjamin Burnett, 
deceased. 26 January, 1789. Acknowledged 9 Feb., 
1789, by John Burnett. Witnesses : Nathaniel Burnett, 
Charles R. Burnett. (Ibid, vol. ci, p. 234.) 

Note that he is here called "of Barre". A similar deed 
is registered in Worcester, vol. cxxxii, p. 469, considera- 
tion £12, 9 Feb., 1789, acknowledged the same date and 
with same witnesses. 

John Burnett and Joseph Daby of Leominster to Ben- 
jamin Lawrence, 24 Dec, 1794, acknowledged 1799. 
(Worcester Land Records, vol. cxxxii, p. 469.) 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP 277 

Children, born in Hopkinton, by first wife : 

292. Henrietta (Hanneretta), born 2 July, 1755; baptized 1 July 

1758 (16 July, Church Records). 

293. Aknis, born 14 Aug., baptized 3 Oct., 1756; died about 1789 

or 1790, at Concord, Vt. 

294. Charles Ripley, born 15 July, baptized 20 July, 1760; died 

about 1824. 

295. Benjamin, baptized 23 May, 1762. 

296. John, baptized 12 April, 1767. 

297. Nathaniel, baptized 7 April, 1771; died 12 April, 1849, at 

Gill, Mass. 

298. Abner, baptized 11 Dec, 1774(?). 

195. Jerusha Burnap, born 20 September, 1734 ; 
married, 1 October, 1760, at Hopkinton, John, born 28 
December, 1736, at Ipswich, son of Joseph and Thomasin 
(Baker) Abbe. He died 5 January, 1771, at Hopkinton, 
and she married, 22 June, 1774, Henry, baptized 8 June, 
1735, at Hopkinton, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Mellen, 
and widower of Sarah Toney of Mendon, Mass. They 
lived at Hopkinton, all the children being born there, and 
although it is said also at Milford, it is presumed that the 
death, at Hopkinton, 13 August, 1828, ae. 87, of the widow 
of Henry Mellen, refers to Jerusha. 
Children — Abbe : 

Mary (Polly), born 23 June, baptized 28 June, 1761; married, 
21 June, 1781, at Hopkinton, Josiah Bent of Framingham, 
who removed to Petersham. 
John, born 4 May, 1763; married, 11 Nov., 1784, Anne (Anna) 

Battle. 
Joseph, born 1 April, 1765; perhaps married Hannah Ellis. 
Jerusha, born 20, baptized 24 May, 1767; died 12 May, 1770, 

at Hopkinton. 
Amos Burnett, born 5, baptized 11 June, 1769; perhaps 
married Vesta Turner. 

Children — Mellen : 

Rhoda, born 29 Mar., 1775; perhaps married, 10 July, 1794, 

Moses Chamberlain. 
Thomas, born 29 Mar., 1775. 
Lydia, born 15 Dec, 1777; married, 2 May, 1798, John Claflin. 

She died 19 Mar., 1868. 
Nancy, born 15 May, 1781; perhaps married, 2 April, 1801 

Luther Cutler. 



278 THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY 

196. Daniel Burnap, born 24 May, 1742, would 
seem to have married, about 1761 or 1762, a wife Eliza- 
beth, as in Worcester County Warnings we find several 
records which appear to concern this family, although all 
may not be so connected. In Brookfield, 8 May, 1764 
Daniel and his wife Elizabeth, from Hopkinton, as 
well as Sarah from Oxford, were "warned," while 21 
May, 1765, in Rutland, Elizabeth Burnet from Oxford re- 
ceived a like notice, and Isabel from the same town was 
notified, 20 August the same year and 7 January, 1766, 
Daniel, with his wife Elizabeth and daughter Sarah, were 
warned in New Braintree, to which entry is appended the 
date 31 December, 1765, which is supposed to be the 
date of their arrival in town. Granting that the assump- 
tion is correct, that all or part of these items have to do 
with Daniel Burnap and his family, we must conclude 
that he was of the rolling-stone persuasion and probably 
not particularly blessed with this world's goods. 

It seems to have been he who was a private from Brook- 
field in Captain John Granger's company of Minute Men 
in Jonathan Warner's regiment, and who enlisted 19 April, 
1775. 

The only child we can be certain of is the daughter 
Sarah, although an Isabel from Oxford, who was warned 
in Rutland 20 August, 1765, may have been his daughter 
also. 

197. Nathan D. Burnap, born 2 July, 1749 ; mar- 
ried, 24 April, 1877, in Hopkinton, Mary, born 23 April, 
1758, in Westboro, daughter of Barachias and Zervia 
(Chaddock) Morse. He must have removed soon after 
marriage to Dublin, N. H., as he was practicing medicine 
there as early as 1776, being the first doctor in town. This 
statement in the History of Dublin is not borne out by 
the fact that all the records of birth and baptism of his 
children are found in the Hopkinton records, and all fur- 
ther records of these children when they grew up are in 
Massachusetts. 

He is found in a list of those from Hopkinton serving 
as a private in Captain Moses Wheelock's company, Col. 
Jonathan Ward's regiment, on a muster roll 1 August, 



BY HENRY WYCKOPF BELKNAP 279 

1775, having enlisted 24 April, 1775, three months and 
a half service. Also as surgeon's mate in Colonel Ephraim 
Doolittle's regiment in camp at Winter Hill, 6 August, 
1775, discharged 7 March, 1776, and in the same rank in 
the Fourth Continental Infantry, 1 January, 1776/7, to 
March of that year. 

The dates of death of Doctor Nathan and his wife have 
not been found. 

Children, recorded in Hopkinton : 

299. Nathan, born 17 Feb., 1778. 

300. Maby, born March, 1781; died in Holliston, Mass. 

301. Ltdia, born 6 July, 1784; baptized 22 May, 1791; died 25 

Nov., 1862, according to Boston Records, but before June 
from the Probate Records. 

302. Nancy, born about 1791; baptized 27 Sept., 1795; died 10 July 

1808, ae. 17 (Christ Church Records). 

303. A child, born 1794; died Mar., 1795, ae. 9 mos. (Christ Church 

Records.) 

304. Jkrusha, baptized 27 Sept., 1795. 

204. Isaac Burnap, born 21 July, 1751 ; married, 
18 November, 1778, at Weston, Mass. (or 18 December 
from another account), Beulah, born 26 June, 1752, at 
Weston, daughter of Abraham and Mary (Gale) Jones of 
that place. 

He served as a private in Captain John Homes's com- 
pany, Colonel Samuel Bullard's regiment, which marched 
on the alarm of 19 April, 1775, to Roxbury. By 1778 
he had risen to the rank of major. 

His wife died 16 May, 1805, and 28 November of that 
year he married again, Hannah, born about 1751 at Mil- 
ford, Mass., daughter of Colonel Ichabod and Polly 
Thayer, widow of Jonathan Stearns of Hopkinton. 

He owned the covenant in the Hopkinton Church in 
1791, and was one of the members prominent in church 
affairs. 

Daniel Norcross of Hopkinton, yeoman, consideration 
<£20 to Isaac Burnap of Hopkinton, yeoman, land in 
Hopkinton. 27 February, 1783. Witnesses : John Jones, 
Joel Norcross. Acknowledged 27 Feb., 1783. (Mddx. 
Land Records, vol. xcv, p. 35.) 

Samuel Haven of Hopkinton, yeoman, administrator of 



280 THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY 

the estate of James Goodwin, late of Hopkinton, deceased, 
consideration £109 to Isaac Burnap of Hopkinton, yeo- 
man, land in Hopkinton, he to pay the trustees Id. yearly 
per acre, etc. 2 February, 1785. Witnesses : John Haven, 
Daniel Moulton. Acknowledged 7 March, 1785. (Hop- 
kinton and Upton Deeds, Mddx. County Records, vol. 
viii, p. 128. 

Samuel Haven of Hopkinton, yeoman, administrator of 
the estate of Thomas Walker, late of Hopkinton, deceased, 
consideration £50 to Isaac Burnap of Hopkinton, yeoman, 
land in Hopkinton, 19 acres, he to pay Id. yearly per acre 
to the trustees of Harvard College. 2 February, 1785. 
Witnesses : John Haven, Daniel Moulton. Acknowledged 
22 April, 1793. (Ibid, vol. viii, p. 389.) 

Samuel Gibbs of Hopkinton, yeoman, consideration 20/ 
to Isaac Burnap, land in the 4th division. 5 April, 1788. 
Witnesses : John Jones, Walter McFarland. Acknowl- 
edged 5 April, 1788. (Ibid, vol. ix, p. 99.) 

Sarah Burnap, spinster (No. 192) of Hopkinton, con- 
sideration £4: 1: 6 to Isaac Burnap of Hopkinton, a pew 
in the Meeting House at the Right Hand of the Great 
Doors, reserving the right to sett in sd. pew myself. 10 
May, 1790. Witnesses : Peter Ward, Sarah Ward. Ac- 
knowledged 25 May, 1791. (Ibid, vol. ix, p. 143.) 

William Copeland and Simeon Stone, both of Thompson 
Co., of Windham, Ct., yeomen, consideration £5 to Isaac 
Burnap of Hopkinton, gent., land in Hopkinton or Upton 
which fell to our wives by their Honble grandfather John 
Jones, Esq., late of Hopkinton, deceased. 17 November, 
1792. Witnesses : Perley Corin, Ebenezer Copeland, 
William Copeland, Sarah Copeland, Simeon Stone, Han- 
nah Stone. Acknowledged 19 November, 1792. (Ibid, 
vol. xv, p. 265.) 

Elias Whiting of Medway, Norfolk Co., yeoman, con- 
sideration $195 to Isaac Burnap of Hopkinton, 13 acres, 
Susannah his wife consents. 9 May, 1709 (sic.) Ac- 
knowledged 10 May, 1799. (Ibid, vol. xv, p. 265.) 

(To be continued) 



OLD NORFOLK COUNTY RECORDS. 



( Continued from Volume LIX, page 96.) 



Whereas, Henry Williams, marshall, levied an execu- 
tion upon ye estate of M r Edward Colcord for twenty 
pounds in money, with charges, and has extended sd exe- 
cution upon house, house lott, swamp adjoining, six acres 
fresh meadow, with three stacks hay upon it, all in Hamp- 
ton, and one white face cow of M r Colcords in lieu of all 
his cattle, and as the sd Williams, by virtue of an order 
of Mr. Colcord's, dated Sept. 24, 1678, was empowered 
to sell as much of his estate as would satisfy sd execu- 
tion, but his sons, viz., Benjamin ffifeild, Sam 11 Colcord 
and Tho: Dearborn, for tender respect to their ao-ed 
ffather, Mr. Edward Colcord, did procure at extreme and 
very hard termes so much money as will satisfy sd execu- 
tion and for their security sd Williams has made over ye 
sd Colcord estate, therefore ye sd Williams, by order of 
Mr. Colcord aforesd, and of Benj. ffifeild, Sam 11 Colcord 
and Tho : Dearborn, the execution being satisfied, and re- 
ceipt of money acknowledged, conveyed to sd ffifeild, Col- 
cord and Dearborn, the aforesaid described property in 
Hampton, with all moveables in ye aforesaid house and 
all cattle belonging to Mr. Colcord. Oct. 3, 1678. Wit : 
Jno. Redman and Henry Dow. Ack. by Henry Williams, 
marshall deputy, 4. 8 mo., 1678, before Sam 11 Dalton, 
commissioner. 

Lidia Williams of Haverhill, daughter of John Wil- 
liams, deceased, with the free consent of her mother, Jane 
Williams, for security given her by her brother, Joseph 
Williams, conveyed to Leiftenant Georg Brown of Haver- 
hill, about two acres, as it was layd out in ye east meadow 
of Haverhill, bounded by Henry Palmer and ye river. 
Jan. 28,1677. [No witness.] Ack. by Lidia [her A mark] 
Williams and Jane [her I mark] Williams, Jan. 28, 1677, 
before Nath 11 Saltonstall, commissioner. 

Henry Alt, aged about seventy-three years, deposed 
that John Smart did mow and possess all ye meadow on ye 
S.westside of John Goddards creek, and that sd Smart 

(281) 



282 OLD NORFOLK COUNTY RECORDS 

did possess it twelve years before Dover was a township, 
and hee did possess it sixteen years peaceably together, 
and no man did molest him to my knowledge. Attest, 
March 2, 1677-8, before Richard Martyn, commissioner. 

W m Pirkins, aged about thirty-nine years, deposed that 
he did see Robert Smart mow ye two marshes against my 
marsh on ye southwest side of John Goddards cove, and 
sd Smart did possess it sixteen yeare together, and fur- 
ther deposed that he did see John Meder and John Davis 
mow ye thatch of ye flatts against sd meadow and carry 
it away. Taken upon March 2, 1677-8, before Richard 
Martyn, commissioner. 

William Durgin, aged about thirty-five years, deposed 
that he did see Robert Smart mow ye two marshes on ye 
southwest side of John Goddards cove, and he did possess 
it sixteen years, and that he did see John Meder, sen., and 
John Davis, jun., mow ye thatch of ye flatts against ye 
meadow and carry it and load it on ye canoes last hay- 
time. Sworn March 12, 1677-8, before Sam 11 Dalton, 
commissioner. 

Benjamin Yorke, aged about twenty-three years, de- 
posed that he did see Robert Smart mow ye marshes on 
ye southwest side of John Goddard's cove for ten years, 
and my father mowed ye marsh of Robert Smart about 
ten years agoe with ye leave of Robert Smart, and fur- 
ther saith that he saw Jn° Meder, sen., and John Davis, 
jun., cut ye thatch of sd. marsh and carrie it away, this 
was last hay tyme. Sworn March 12, 1677-8, before 
Sam 11 Dalton, commissioner. 

Edward Hilton, aged about forty-eight years, and Wil- 
liam Hilton, about forty-six years, testifyed that they 
knew that old goodman Smart, deceased, did mow, several 
years before fifty-two, and carry away peaceably ye hay 
from yeare to year, from ye meadow and flatts adjoining 
thereto, now in controversy, lying on ye neck of land be- 
twixt Godder's cove and Lampoole river, begining at a 
gravelly beach in ye mouth of ye river and up ye river, 
and two small parcells on north side of ye neck of land. 
Deponents further said that John and Robert, sons of sd. 
Smart, successively after their father's decease did peace- 



OLD NORFOLK COUNTY RECORDS 283 

ably possess ye same meadow and flatts, wee often chang- 
ing worke in mowing of it came to know it, till two or 
three of these later years they have been molested. Ed- 
ward and William Hilton made oath hereunto, March 30, 
1678, before Sam 11 Dalton, commissioner. 

Thomas Easman of Haverhill, for twenty-eight pounds, 
conveyed to his brother, Timothy Easman of Salisbury, 
twenty-eight acres of land in Haverhill, bounded by land 
of Abraham Whitticker, by a tree near Merries Creek, by 
land of Moses Bradstreet and Nathaniel Elithorp. No- 
vember 3, 1676. Wit : Nathaniel Smith and Robert 
fiord. Ack. by grantor, Jan. 31, 1676, before Robert 
Pike, associate. 

Division of estate, an agreement between Joseph Easman 
and Benjamin Easman concerning property held in part- 
nership, viz., for Joseph's part, ye dwelling house, 
oarchyard, tanyard, fatts, pumps, shoots, tanforks, lime 
hooks, beame flesher and working knife, mill with mill- 
ston, harness and Whipple tree, chaine and shovels, Joseph 
also to have liberty to make use of ye mill as it stands 
and egress and regress from mill to tanyard until planting 
time next, and for ye house, oarchard and appurtinances 
abovesd, Joseph is to pay to Benjamin seventeen pounds, 
one-third part in cattle to be prized by two indifferent 
men, one-third in corne, and one-third in shooes at price 
currant. Joseph to have also half ye dung provided it 
be removed before winter, and in case they cannot agree 
about ye dividing of ye dung, John Stevens, jun., is to 
divide it between them, and Benjamin to have ye glass y* 
stands in ye dwelling house window. It is also agreed 
that the bounds of ye land they bought in partnership of 
their father, Rodger Easman, shall be as follows, viz, ye 
dividing line shall begin at a landing place by ye creeke, 
leaving liberty of free egress and regress of both parties, 
and further divided by certain trees, stakes, stumps and 
stones, and also a marked pitch pine on ye comon, Joseph 
choosing ye south side and Benjamin ye north side. Aug. 
23, 1688. Wit: Sam 11 [his mark] ffelloes and Ephraim 
Winsly. Signed by Benjamin Easman and Joseph Eas- 
man. 



284 OLD NORFOLK COUNTY RECORDS 

Memorandum. Both parties agree that a cartway shall 
be left through John Easman's yard to run through ye 
south division, giving free egress and regress to ye north 
division. 23, 6 mo. 1678. Wit : Sam 11 Dalton, Willi. 
Buswell and John Stevens, jun. Ack. by Joseph Easman 
and Benjamin Easman, Aug. 23, 1678, before Sam 11 
Dalton, commissioner. 

This agreement is approved by undersigned, being 
chosen by both parties to end difference, Sam 11 Dalton, 
Willi: Buswell and Jno. Stevens, jun., Aug. 23, 1678. 

Onesiphrus Page, of Salisbury, weaver, for eight pounds 
sterling, conveyed to John Clough, jun., of same town, 
husbandman, seven acres upland in Salisbury, being part 
of ye land I purchased lately of Rich d Goodale of Salis- 
bury, bounded with land now of Cornelius Connor and 
other land of sd. Jno. Clough. Oct. 10, 1678. Wit: Nath : 
Winsly and Nathanael Brown. Ack. by Onesiphrus 
Page, Mary, his wife, resigning her right of dower, Oct. 
10, 1678, before Nath: Saltonstall, commissioner. 

Onesiphrus Page of Salisbury, weaver, for eight pounds 
sterling, conveyed to Cornelius Connor of same town, 
planter, seven acres upland in Salisbury, which is part of 
land I lately purchased of Rich d Goodale of Salisbury, 
bounded by land of sd. Connor and land now of John 
Clough, jun. Oct. 10, 1678. [No witnesses and no ac- 
knowledgment.] 

Edward Colcord, of Hampton, conveyed to James 
Chase of same towne, mariner, one share of cowes comon 
in Hampton, as may appear upon town booke, by a division 
made 23, 12 mo., 1645, by town of Hampton, 29, 8 mo., 
1678. Wit : Henry Roby and Abraham Drake. Ack. by 
Edward Colcord, 30, 8 mo., 1678, before Sam 11 Dalton, 
commissioner. 

John Smith of Hampton, tayler, for thirty pounds, 
conveyed to Henry Roby of same towne, my dwelling 
house and house lott of about five acres in Hampton, with 
all ye fruit trees and fences belonging to sd. land. Bound- 
ed with land of William Marston, Mr. Samuel Dalton, 
butting upon ye comon land called ye Ring, and by land 
of Robert Page. Feb. 14, 1676. Wit: Henry Dow and 
Tho: Nudd. Ack. by John Smith, 15. 12 mo., 1676, be- 
fore Sam 11 Dalton, commissioner. 



OLD NORFOLK COUNTY RECORDS 285 

Nathaniel Batcheler of Hampton, yeoman, for three 
acres of marsh lying near to Hoplands, conveyed to Henry 
Roby about three acres of meadow sometime of ye wid- 
dow Hussey, late of Hampton, and by her sold to Tho : 
Coleman, and by sd. Coleman sold unto me, sd. Batchel- 
der, sd. meadow bounded with ye meadow of John Moul- 
ton, now of Henry Moulton, the meadow of Christopher 
Hussey, now of Giles ffuller, a river and a highway 
towards ye beach. 10. 12 mo., 1663. Wit : Samuel 
Dalton and Giles ffuller. Ack. by Nathanael Batcheler, 
April 18, 1664, before Tho: Wiggin. 

Thomas Thurton of St. Buttals, Bishopsgate, London, 
Tobackoness, being by last county court held at Hamp- 
ton, New England, declared to be heire apparent to ye 
estate of Giles ffuller, late of Hampton, deceased, as was 
made evident to his majestie's Court of Justis, under 
seal of Lord Mayor of London, conveyed to Henry Roby 
of Hampton about three acres of meadow in Hampton, 
formerly of Giles ffuller, of Hampton, deceased. Bounded 
by meadow of sd. Henry Roby, Christopher Palmer and 
Abraham Drake. Nov. 1, 1677. Wit: Sam 11 Dalton and 
Jonathan Perkins. Ack. by Tho: Thurton, 2. 9 mo. 1677, 
before Sam 11 Dalton, commissioner. 

Edward Colcord of Hampton, planter, for fifteen 
pounds, conveyed to Henry Roby of same town, yeoman, 
about fower acres salt marsh, as it was formerly made 
over to Hugh Marsh of Nubery for payment of a debt, 
and now redeemed by sd. Henry Roby from sd Marsh. Sd. 
land being bounded with marsh of Capt. Bradburies of same 
division, now in hands of Jn° Redman, jun., and by land 
of Abraham Pirkins. 1. 9 mo., 1678. Wit: Hugh Marsh 
and Mary Woodbridg. Ack. at Nubery by Edward Col- 
cord, Nov. 1, 1678, before John Woodbridg, commissioner. 

Christopher Palmer of Hampton, yeoman, for seven 
hundred pounds, in good merchantable pay, horses except- 
ed, conveyed to his two sones, Sam 11 Palmer and Joseph 
Palmer, my house and house lott, containing about twenty 
acres, in Hampton, with all buildings and edifices upon 
sd. lott, bounded with lott of Morris Hobbs and John 
Moulton. Also twelve acres planting land in ye East 



286 OLD NORFOLK COUNTY RECORDS 

feild, bounded by Joseph Moulton and John Smith, cooper. 
Also twelve acres fresh meadow between the east field 
and ye beach, bounded with ye meadow of Morris 
Hobbs, together with ten acres of planting land in ye 
North playne, bounded with land of Herron Levitt and 
Moses Cox; likewise twenty-three acres of pasture land 
in ye east feild and fowerteen acres of salt marsh between 
ye marsh of Tho: Marston and marsh of M r Dalton, all 
lying in Hampton, together with three shares of cows 
comon and one share oxe comon. Also sd. Palmer con- 
veyed my fourth part of a dubble Geerd saw mill, being 
upon a branch of Piscataqua river called Puscassett in ye 
bounds of ye town of Exiter, with three hundred and sixty 
acres of land, lying by sd. mill, joyning to Pascassett 
river and running a mile and a halfe into ye woods, and 
one-halfe of a parcell of marsh, on ye westerly side of 
Lampoole river mouth towards Exiter (ye whole being 
about sixteen acres as it joins Lampoole river). Also sd. 
Palmer conveyed all my stock of cattle and all my move- 
ables within dores and without. Nov. 9, 1678. Wit : 
Sam 11 Dalton, jun., and Philemon Dalton. Ack. by Chris- 
topher Palmer, Nov. 9, 1678, before Sam 11 Dalton, com- 
missioner. 

Mortgage deed. Richard Currier of Eamsbury, mill- 
wright, for forty-three pounds sterling, conveyed to Capt. 
Pall White of Nubery, march nt , all my right in ye saw- 
mill in Eamsbury, being a third part of ye sd. mill. Pro- 
vided that if sd Richard Currier pays sd forty-three 
pounds in neat, fatt cattle before Nov. 10 next, to be 
delivered at ye dwelling house of sd Pall White in Nu- 
bery, and to be prized by indifferent men, or sd Currier 
pays part of sd sum in marchantable oake planke, slitt 
worke or pine boards, to be delivered at ye warehouse of 
sd Pall White att ye water side in Nubery, then this bill 
of sale is of none effect. Also sd Richard Currier engages 
to pay forty shillings more for Steven Swett, sen., of Nu- 
bery. March 22, 1675. Wit: John Jones and Will m 
Chandler. Ack. by Richard Currier, May 18, 1676, before 
Tho: Bradbury, associate. 

Tho : Thurton, Cittisen of London, England, Tobaccon 



OLD NORFOLK COUNTY RECORDS 287 

est, being, at Court held at Hampton, Oct. 9, 1677, de- 
clared to be heire apparent to the estate of Giles ffuller 
late of Hampton, deceased, for twenty pounds and 
two thousand marchantable staves, conve} 7 ed to William 
Samborn, sen., of Hampton, yeoman, a certain dwelling 
house and house lott, with all buildings, oarchyards, gar- 
dens, fences, and appurtenances thereto belonging, lately 
in possession of ye sd Giles ffuller. Sd house lott beino- 
about six acres and three-quarters as recorded in Hampton 
town book, bounded by land of Jasper Blake, a common 
roadway yt goeth to Piscataqua, and a way going to 
Exiter, and a certain swamp commonly calledGiles swamp. 
Nov. 16, 1678. Wit : Sam 11 Dalton, jun., and Elisabeth 
Dalton. Ack. by grantor, Nov. 16, 1678, before Sam 11 
Dalton, commissioner. 

George Martyn of Eamsbery, Blacksmith, for an eio-ht 
acre lot of upland in Eamsberrie, in a place commonly 
called ye Lyons mouth, conveyed to Jn° Jimson of Eams- 
berrie, planter, my forty acre lott of upland in Eamsberry, 
in a place commonly called Bugmore division. Sd lott 
bounded by land of Gerard Haddon, Henry Blasdell and 
the widdow Rowell. Sept. — , 1675. Wit: Tho : Wells 
and Nath 11 Emerson. Ack. by George [his M mark©] 
Martyn, Aprill 9, '78, before Nath 11 Saltonstall, commis- 
sioner. 

George Martyn of Eamsbery, Blackmith, for naturall 
love and affection, conveyed to my well beloved daughter 
Hester, ye now wyfe of John Jimson of same town, 
planter, twelve acres of upland in Eamsbery, bounded 
with land formerly of John Hoyt, sen., of Esekiel Watson 
and Richard Martyn. Sept. — , 1675. Wit : Tho: Brad- 
bury and William Bradbury. Ack. by George [his M 
marke] Martyn, April 9, '78, before Nath: Saltonstall, 
commissioner. 

Acquittance of John Jimson of Amsbury given by Wm: 
Symonds of Wells, of all demands. Jan. 5, 1678. Wit: 
Sam 11 Symonds, Rebeccah Stacy. Signed by William Sy- 
monds. 

Execution against estate of Tho: Phillbrick and Martha 
Cass as executors, to estate of John Cass, to satisfy judg- 



4 



288 OLD NORFOLK COUNTY RECORDS 

ment of 70 li. in money granted Jno. Redman, jun., on 
May 30, 1676, at Hampton court, and served by Henry 
Dow, marshall of Norfolk. Dated Sept. 26, 1678. Return 
was made by Henry Dow by attachment of a house, barne 
and 6 acres upland tendered by Thos. Philbrick and Mar- 
tha Cass. Said property being bounded by lands of 
Christopher Palmer and John Redman. As also half a 
five acre piece of meadow at beach river, so called, and 
lands of William Samborn and Christopher Palmer. Also 
one-half of eight acres salt marsh on beach river, bounded 
by land now in the hands of Jno. ffuller and marsh some- 
times Edward Colcord's, and marshes of Nath. Batcheller 
and Jno. Redman, sen., all of which lands are in Hampton, 
and were formerly in possession of Jno. Redman, jun., 
and sold by him to Jno. Cass, late deceased. Dated Nov. 
20, 1678, and ack. the same date by John Redman, jun., 
as full satisfaction. 

Mortgage deed. Richard Currier of Eamsbery, mill- 
wright, for fifty-three pounds, ten shillings sterling, con- 
veyed to Henry Jaques of Nubery, carpenter, my now 
dwelling house in Eamsbery and about ten acres land ad- 
joyning it, bounded with ye Pawwaus River, ye minister's 
land, land of my sone Thomas Currier, and land of Robert 
Jones. Nov. 28, 1678. Wit: Tho: Woodbridg and Hugh 
Marsh. Ack. by Richard Currier, Nov. 19, 1678, before 
John Woodbridg, commissioner. 

John Wedgwood of Exiter conveyed to Edward Hilton 
of Exiter, gent., one hundred and 50 acres land, with 
trees, wood and timber thereon, in Exiter, bounded with 
John ffoulsham's land, land of Mr. Smart, ye comons, and 
sd Hilton's marshes. June 12, 1674. Wit: Edw: Smith 
and Tho : [his I R marke] Rawlings. Ack. by John 
Wedgwood, Nov. 18, 1678, before Jn° Gillman, commis- 
sioner. Edward Hilton owned that ye land in ye deed 
was delivered by him to M r Vaghan in consideration of a 
debt due Cap* Rich d Cutt, deceased. Ack. before Johu 
Gillman, commissioner. 

(To be continued.') 



THE 

ESSEX INSTITUTE 
HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

VOL. LIX— OCTOBER, 1923. 

Issued Quarterly 




SALEM, MASS. 

PRINTED FOR THE ESSEX IN8TITUTE 
1923 



ESSEX INSTITUTE HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

The Historical Collections are published quarterly with illustra- 
tions; each volume containing a complete index. Subscription 
$3.00 per annum. " 

" Entered at the Post Office in Salem, Massachusetts, as secon d class matter. 

CONTENTS— OCTOBER, 1923. 

1. Salem and the War of 1812. By William Dismore Chappie. ^ 

(Continued.) . • • ■ ' * " 

2. The Suppression of Piracy in the West Indies. By 

Francis B.C. Bradlee. {Illustrated.) (Concluded.) . 805 

3 Forty Tears Ago in Salem. (Continued.) . 359 

4 Salem Vessels and Their Voyages. By George Granville 

Putnam. (Continued.) (Elustrated.) - OD1 

5 The Burnap-Burnett Genealogy. By Henry Wyckoff 

Belknap. (Continued.) . ... ■ • • 

SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES. 
By George Granville Putnam. 

Figuring prominently in the East India commerce after the Revo- 
lution was the Pepper Trade between Salem and the Island of Su- 
matra -a trade marked by romance, pathos, tragedy and prosperity. 
The first American vessel to visit the northwest coast of Sumatra 
Jnd to bring a consignment of pepper in bulk to this country was 
the propertl of Salem merchants, commanded by a Salem shipmas- 

te M a r 11 pXmfwto^r aXrity on Salem shipping has gathered 
from old newspapers and other sources the story of the sagacity 
nnd heroism of the men of Salem and nearby towns in bringing 
theii Sable cargoes to this port, interspersed with anecdotes of 
thrilling adventures with the Malays. - - . , 

160 p P with Index; 8vo.; & full-page illustrations computing 75 
separate pictures. Blue boards. Price, postpaid, $3.50. 

PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES AND ITS 

SUPPRESSION, 1820-1832. 

By Francis B. C. Bradlee. 

This new story by the well-known author of books on marine 
subiects ta one of the most thrilling and absorbing .yet Published. 
Indeed t Is the first published work giving a complete history of 
Jhi, nefarious practice in the West Indies, which for years menaced 
American commerce until the Government took a hand in its sup- 
Americancum is considerable local flavor in the 

l^lTo^c^oi^Ll, belonging to Salem, Marblehead, 
Newburvport, Boston, and other New England ports 

In adStion to a list of American vessels attacked by pirates s a 
historv of Slavers engaged in the lucrative business of bringing into 
the United ^^tates thousands of negroes to be sold at enormous profit 

t0 ^p\7wmindcx; 8,o.; S7 full page Illustrations. Bed cloth. 
Price, postpaid, $5.00. 

Address : 

THE ESSEX INSTITUTE, 

Salem, Mass. 



New Catalog of all Publications of the Essex Institute sent on 
application. 




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O g : 

(3 dl a 



_J C3 "a 
UJ >, E 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 

OF THE 

ESSEX INSTITUTE 



Vol. LIX October, 1923 No. 4 



SALEM AND THE WAR OF 1812. 



By William Dismore Chapple. 



A majority of the citizens of Salem were unquestion- 
ably opposed to the War of 1812, and in order that we 
may understand their point of view it is necessary to 
briefly review the condition of affairs for the preceding 
ten or twelve years. 

No section of the country was so favored as Massachu- 
setts by the Federalist administrations of Washington and 
Adams, for under the lead of that greatest of all Federal- 
ists, Alexander Hamilton, not only were fishing bounties 
granted, but a draw-back system was established under 
which tariff duties on imported goods were repaid if the 
merchandise were re-shipped to a foreign country within a 
year, and Massachusetts soon became the leading State in 
the re-shipment of foreign merchandise. 

Goods imported in foreign vessels had to pay ten per 
cent additional duty on ordinary goods and fifty per cent 
additional on tea, over and above what they would have 
been obliged to pay if they had been imported in Ameri- 
can vessels. Our own vessels also paid a duty of six 
cents per ton burden under the Act of 1790, while foreign 
vessels had to pay fifty cents a ton burden. In the coast- 
ing trade our vessels paid this duty but once a year, while 
foreign ones paid it at every port. 

As a result of these Federalist measures the commerce 
of Salem, as well as that of other ports of Massachusetts, 
grew by leaps and bounds. While British attacks on our 
commerce in 1793 and 1791 were provoking, yet still 
more abhorrent to the conservative merchants of Essex 

(289) 



290 SALEM AND THE WAR OF 1812 

County was the lawlessness and rioting of the French 
Revolution. However, those who favored France were 
gaining in other parts of the country under the influence 
of Jefferson, who had been our minister to France at the 
outbreak and during the first part of their Revolution, and 
who was thoroughly infatuated with everything French ; 
and the Federalists in 1796, the last presidential election 
which they were ever to carry, were only successful by 
the close vote of 71 for John Adams and 68 for Thomas 
Jefferson, who thereupon became Vice-President, with 
Timothy Pickering of Salem as Secretary of State. 

France had hoped for the election of Jefferson. Her 
minister to this country was audacious enough to publish 
in American newspapers a plea for the election of Jeffer- 
son as a friend of France, and the cockade of the French 
Republic became the campaign emblem of the followers 
of Jefferson. When the result of the election was known, 
France gave up all pretence of friendship and increased 
her seizing of American ships which she had begun in 
1793, and thereafter treated our vessels as though she 
were at war with the United States. Her injuries to our 
commerce were only less than the damage inflicted by 
England, because she had less vessels than the latter coun- 
try with which to seize our ships. No formal declaration 
of war against France took place, but on April 7th, 1798, 
all existing treaties with her were abrogated. 

The enthusiasm for war against France was very strong 
in Salem, and when, in 1798, we were apparently about 
to engage in such a war and had no navy of any conse- 
quence, Congress authorized President Adams to accept 
such vessels as private citizens might offer, paying for 
them in six per cent stock. Salem responded at once by 
opening a subscription to build such a ship, and Elias 
Hasket Derby made the first pledge of $10,000, followed 
immediately by another subscription for a similar amount 
from William Gray. Others put down smaller sums until 
about $75,000 had been raised, and the Frigate Essex was 
built, by Enos Briggs, the famous ship-builder. She was 
launched September 30th, 1799, carrying thirty-two guns, 
and was the pride of our early navy, as well as its 
fastest vessel. 



BY WILLIAM DISMORE CHAPPLE 291 

Farragut served as a midshipman upon her, and she is 
credited with taking over two million dollars' worth of 
English prizes in the War of 1812, and yet she was never 
a paying investment to the Salem merchants who had ad- 
vanced the money to build her ; the stock in her was 
quoted during the latter part of her career at fifty cents 
on the dollar. She did tremendous damage to the English 
shipping in the Pacific, and was finally captured while 
under the command of Captain David Porter by being 
attacked while in a damaged condition from storm by two 
English ships, although lying close to the neutral shore 
at Valparaiso. 

During the trouble with France the Constellation, carry- 
ing 38 guns, captured the French Frigate IS Insurgente, of 
40 guns, and, a little later, the Vengeance, carrying 54 
guns. Talleyrand, finding that he had gone too far, now 
invited the United States to send envoys, but by the time 
they arrived the Directorate had been overthrown by Na- 
poleon, who, as First Consul, was disposed to be friendly, 
and made a treaty with the United States, which ended 
the possibility of war. 

At the next national election Jefferson and Burr, Dem- 
ocrats, both received 7S votes to 65 for Adams and 64 for 
Pinckney, Federalists. Under the law at that time, the 
electors each voted for two persons, without stating which 
was for president and which for vice-president ; the rule 
being that the person receiving the highest vote was to be 
president and the second vice-president, but as Jefferson 
and Burr both received the same number, the election was 
transferred to the House of Representatives, where the 
Federalists were in control. "Wishing to make as much 
trouble for the Democratic party as possible, they voted 
for Burr for president, well knowing that it was the in- 
tent of the Democrats to select him only for vice-presi- 
dent, but after thirty-six ballots, upon the advice of Alex- 
ander Hamilton, Jefferson was elected. 

France and England had been at war from 1793 to 1802, 
when there was a brief suspension of hostilities, but the 
next year, 1803, the war was again renewed, and nation 
after nation was dragged into the contest, until Napoleon 
met his final defeat at Waterloo. During all of this time 



292 SALEM AND THE WAR OF 1812 

England was master of the sea and Napoleon almost in- 
vincible on the land. The ships of France, Spain and 
Holland were driven from the ocean, and, therefore, these 
countries, in order to secure their much needed products 
from their colonies in the West Indies, South America and 
elsewhere, had to open their colonial trade to neutrals, 
and American vessels, with those of Salem well in the 
lead, soon acquired a monopoly of this trade and became 
the principal carriers of the world. 

By the Rule of 1756, a belligerent was not permitted 
to open to neutrals in time of war its colonial trade which 
was not open to them in times of peace, and England 
therefore claimed a right to seize any neutral vessel carry- 
ing a cargo between a belligerent port and a colony of that 
belligerent, but the rule did not apply to a cargo passing 
between a neutral port and that of a belligerent. There- 
fore, all that a merchant of Salem had to do was to sail 
from a French or Spanish port in the West Indies to 
Salem, unload the cargo at some local wharf, entering it 
at the Custom House, have the duties remitted because it 
was to be reshipped to a foreign port within a year, reload 
the goods in the same ship, and sail away on a perfectly 
lawful voyage to France or Spain. 

The English Admiralty Court held this to be legal by 
a decision in April, 1800, and under this ruling hundreds 
of American ships from Salem and other ports sailed 
from the Colonial possessions of France, Spain, Holland 
and Italy, breaking the journey at some Salem wharf and 
then taking the cargoes to the belligerents in Europe. 
England found, however, if her enemies could get all the 
supplies they needed by this process, she could never win 
in spite of her naval supremacy, and accordingly Lord 
Stowell reversed this decision in 1805, holding the prac- 
tice to be an evasion of the law, that the intent of the 
voyage should be considered, and that this practice was 
illegal. Whereupon the seizing of American vessels be- 
gan, and 116 were seized the first year and 350 during 
three years. 

Napoleon, having lost his fleet to Lord Nelson at Tra- 
falgar, undertook by means of his Continental System to 
forbid the admission of English goods into any port of 



BY WILLIAM DISMORE CHAPPLE 293 

the continent controlled by himself or his allies. England 
replied with an Order in Council which declared some 800 
miles of the coast of Europe to be under blockade, but 
established no vessels outside the closed ports to warn 
ships of the blockade, and all American ships bound for 
Europe were presumed to be bound for a blockaded port 
and liable to capture. Napoleon, by his Berlin Decree, 
next declared that the British Isles were blockaded. 
Whereupon England issued another Order in Council for- 
bidding all trade with France or her allies, and Napoleon 
then came back with the Milan Decree which directed the 
capture of all neutral vessels which allowed themselves to 
be searched by an English ship or which were bound to or 
from an English port. 

These British Orders in Council and French Decrees 
put all Europe under a blockade and all American ships 
which sailed to or from an English or Continental port 
were liable to capture. France and England both seized 
American ships upon every pretence, and as Salem was 
one of the leading ports of the country it suffered heavily 
at the hands of both nations. England further claimed 
that if a man had been born an English subject he re- 
mained an English citizen, and refused to recognize any 
naturalization of their subjects. The pay in the British 
service was poor and the discipline severe, and as a result 
their sailors deserted in great numbers to American ships, 
where the pay and living conditions were better. England 
claimed the right to search our ships and take from them 
any men whom they asserted to be English subjects, some 
of whom were undoubtedly deserters, but many of them 
were American born. 

As England's need of men increased by reason of the 
war with Napoleon, and our Government only screamed 
and scolded, being seemingly afraid or too weak to 
fight, English ship captains became bolder, until apparent- 
ly in order to emphasize their contempt for America, dur- 
ing the summer of 1807 the English man-of-war Leopard 
followed the U. S. Frigate Chesapeake out of Norfolk har- 
bor, and under the pretence that they wished to send dis- 
patches to Europe, boarded her and demanded that cer- 
tain deserters be given up. Commodore Barron replied 



294 SALEM AND THE WAR OF 1812 

that he knew of no deserters, but that he would allow no 
search even if there were such on board. After some 
altercation, the English ship fired a broadside, killing and 
wounding many of the Chesapeake' 8 crew. Whereupon, 
as the Chesapeake had only one gun that could be manned, 
she surrendered, was boarded and her crew mustered, four 
being arrested as deserted, three of them negroes (two 
natives of the U. S. and one of South America), the 
fourth probably was an Englishman. For this insult an 
explanation, apology and reparation was demanded, the 
captain of the Leopard was removed as having exceeded 
his authority, but a proclamation was also issued requiring 
all British seamen on foreign merchantmen to be taken, 
and those on men of war to be demanded, and if not sur- 
rendered the fact reported to the Admiral of the British 
fleet. 

Jefferson was opposed to a navy and stopped any fur- 
ther construction of ships of the type of those which 
composed the gallant little navy which had been started 
during the administrations of Washington and Adams. In 
place of such ships and the fortification of our harbors, 
he recommended the construction of small gunboats to 
cost about $2,000 each, and carrying at the stern of each 
one small gun, which boats were to be kept on wheels 
under sheds on shore until they were needed and then 
launched like our life-saving boats. Congress provided a 
small number of them, which were utterly worthless when 
war did come in 1812. 

As Jefferson was opposed to war on principle, and 
England and France were capturing our ships upon the 
slightest pretext, he decided that the only way to protect 
our ships was to keep them out of danger by making them 
stay at home, and he, therefore, in the autumn of 1807, 
recommended that Congress declare an embargo on all 
American shipping. He also felt that England and France 
were so dependent on our merchandise and carrying trade 
that if they were cut off from it they would soon come 
to terms, and his influence with Congress was such that 
it passed an embargo on December 2 2d, 1807, which re- 
mained in force for fourteen months. 

In spite of the depredations of the French and English, 



BY WILLIAM DISMORE CHAPPLE 295 

Salem in 1807, at the time the embargo became law, was 
at the height of its maritime glory, because, as George 
Cabot said, profits were so high that if one vessel out of 
three escaped capture the owner could make a good profit 
on the total, but the moment the embargo took effect a 
blight descended upon Salem. No vessel was allowed to 
sail to a foreign port, nor could a coaster depart without 
giving bond in double the value of the vessel and cargo 
that she would not land at any foreign port. As a result 
of this law, which, as John Randolph said, was "like 
cutting off your toes to cure your corns", vessels and 
their cargoes rotted at their wharves, merchants could not 
pay their bills, sailors were out of work, and everyone in 
want, all business which was dependent on ships or ship- 
ping stopped entirely, and the busy streets and wharves 
of Salem were deserted. 

This act of the Democratic administration drove most 
of the merchants and people of Salem into the ranks of 
the Federalist party, although the greatest ship-owner of 
all in the town, William Gray, supported Jefferson in the 
embargo, ceasing to be a Federalist in 1808 and became a 
Democrat; but his act was so unpopular and he received 
so much criticism and abuse from his fellow merchants in 
Salem that he left the town in 1809 and removed to Bos- 
ton, where he became a leading Democrat and was elected 
Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts in 1810 and 1811. 

Salem people thought they saw in the enactment of the 
embargo by the Democrats an attempt to injure them and 
the rest of New England and to benefit the South, because 
why else should their trade with China and the Orient be 
forbidden when their ships in that trade were not subject 
to capture by either the English or French ? Timothy 
Pickering had well said that the sea was New England's 
farm, and naturally as distress, want and suffering in- 
creased, the resentment against the Democratic party in- 
creased in Salem and other New England towns until it 
came near to rebellion. Finally, John Quincy Adams, 
who was no longer a Federalist, notified Jefferson that if 
the embargo continued longer in force, there was danger 
that New England would be driven to consider even sep- 
arating from the Union, and therefore Jefferson, on the 



296 SALEM AND THE WAR OF 1812 

last day of his term, March 3d, 1809, signed its repeal. 
Immediately shipping began to revive, but Salem and 
other small ports did not again reach the pinnacle of trade 
that was theirs in 1807. 

During the administration of Washington he was sup- 
ported hy all factions, and no other person received a vote 
when he was a candidate ; but parties were in the making, 
and there never was such bitter partisan feeling as in the 
three or four administrations which succeeded him. 
European policies had much to do with widening the 
breach between early American political parties. The 
Federalists as a rule were friendly to England, while the 
Democrats, who at first were also called Republicans, were 
great admirers of France. So bitter was the feeling that 
Federalists and Democrats did not as a rule meet in the 
same assemblies or use the same halls. For instance, they 
did not attend the same churches. Those who would now 
be known as Unitarians and were Federalists worshipped 
with Dr. Barnard at the North Meeting House, while 
those who were Democrats attended Dr. Bentley's East 
Church. Dr. Bentley himself was so bitter a Democrat 
that he did not exchange pulpits with other pastors in 
Salem because they were Federalists. 

The Federalists attended public meetings at either 
Hamilton Hall or Washington Hall, which was in the 
building which occupied the site of the present Neal & 
Newhall building, next to City Hall, and for large gather- 
ings used the North Meeting House ; while the Democrats 
met in Concert Hall, on the site of the present Phoenix 
Building, or in Madison Hall in the Archer Building, 
which preceded the Franklin Building, and also at the 
so-called Branch Church on Howard street. In fact, when 
the owners of Hamilton Hall, which was erected and first 
used in 1805, undertook to get incorporated, although it 
was then 1820, they were afraid they could not get a char- 
ter from the Democratic Legislature of that year if they 
asked that the corporation bear the name of Hamilton, 
and they, therefore, had themselves incorporated under 
the name of the "Proprietors of the South Buildings", 
which name they still bear. 

The banking institutions were also divided politically ; 



BT WILLIAM DISMORE CHAPPLE 297 

the Essex and Salem Banks were patronized by the Fed- 
eralists, while the Merchants Bank, under the presidency 
of B. W. Crowninshield, and later of Judge Story, was 
the financial headquarters of the Democratic faction. The 
Salem Light Infantry was, to a man, Federalist, and was 
described by the Gazette of that day as the pride of that 
party, while the Cadets, after many dissensions, finally 
became Democratic. On each Fourth of July two cele- 
brations were held ; one by the Federalists, generally in- 
cluding a parade headed by the Salem Light Infantry and 
concluding with an oration by some Federalist statesman 
in the North Meeting House, which then stood where Mrs. 
Carlton's house now is, at the corner of North and Lynde 
streets, and was so large that it was frequently used for 
public assemblies. The Democrats also held another cel- 
ebration, with parades and a speech by a Democratic ora- 
tor at the Branch Church. 

The Essex Register, also called the Salem Register, was 
the administration organ, edited by that most loyal Demo- 
crat, Rev. William Bentley, who was, in addition to being 
a minister, a good fighter and a good hater. He was also 
a great admirer of the Emperor Napoleon and of the 
French people. The anti-administration, or Federal organ, 
was the Salem Gazette, edited by Cushing, which was so 
extreme in its Federalism, so violent in opposition to 
everything done by the administration, and so friendly to 
England during the war of 1812, that reading as I have 
every issue of the paper published during that war, after 
an interval of over a century, it is apparent that many of 
the articles published in that organ approached absolute 
disloyalty. In 1810 and 1811 the Democrats controlled 
the State Government, with Elbridge Gerry of Marble- 
head as Governor, and William Gray, formerly of Salem, 
then of Boston, as Lieutenant-Governor, and wishing to 
perpetuate their control of the Massachusetts Senate, they 
divided up the State into such districts as would best ac- 
complish this result. 

As Salem was Federalist, therefore Marblehead was 
Democratic, and so strongly of that political faith that it 
could by its Democratic majority overcome the Federalist 
majority in Salem and other towns ; therefore the Demo- 



298 SALEM AND THE WAR OF 1812 

cratic Legislature made the towns of Chelsea, Lynn, Salem, 
Marblehead, Danvers, Lynnfield, Middleton, Andover, 
Methuen, Haverhill, Amesbury and Salisbury into one 
senatorial district, with three Senators. Of course it was 
difficult to find towns which had less in common and were 
more remote from one another, and Gilbert Stuart, the 
famous artist, discovering that the towns as the}" appeared 
on the map resembled an animal, added thereto a head 
and claws, whereupon, in honor of the Democratic Gov- 
ernor, it was called the "Gerrymander". Almost the first 
reference to this now common word appeared in the Gazette 
of March 27th, 1812, as follows : 

"The Legislature having left its illegally begotten 
child (our senatorial district) without a name, people have 
been puzzled how or what to call it, till at length a name 
is fixed to it by the discovery in the County of Essex of 
a horrid monster, which the learned Dr. Watergruel is of 
the opinion belongs to the Salamander tribe, and though 
the Devil must have been concerned in its procreation, 
yet that other powerful causes concurred to give it exist- 
ence, such as the combustible and venemous state of af- 
fairs, fiery ebulitions of party spirit, explosions of demo- 
cratic wrath, gubernatorial fulminations of vengeance, 
etc., and as it is not a perfect Salamander in all its mem- 
bers, he has decreed, in compliment to his Excellency, that 
its name shall be the "Gerrymander", and this furnishes 
a name for our district which shall henceforth be known 
as the Gerrymander district." 

And that the scheme of the Democratic Legislature 
worked is shown by the election returns of 1812, when 
eleven of the twelve towns in the district gave a Federal- 
ist majority of 266, but the twelfth town, Marblehead, 
with a Democratic vote of 621 to a Federalist vote of 90, 
swung the balance the other way and gave the twelve 
towns three Democratic Senators. Governor Gerry was 
defeated, although later in the year he was elected Vice- 
President of the United States, serving during Madison's 
second term until his death in 1814. 

On April 4th, 1812, another embargo was passed for 
ninety days, the purpose being to give ships an opportu- 
nity to get back to port and to be kept there until war was 



BY WILLIAM DISMORE CHAPPLE 299 

declared, but instead of vessels hurrying back to their 
home ports, the result was that as soon as the rumor 
reached Salem and other New England ports that another 
embargo was being considered, every vessel was hustled 
out to sea that could be gotten ready, and these vessels 
remained away from American ports, trading in other 
countries, until the embargo expired, and by that time 
war had begun. The seizing of American ships by both 
England and France continued until up to 1812. England 
had captured 917 and France 558, at a total loss to the 
American people of over $70,000,000. 

Madison had served most of his first term and another 
presidential election was approaching. It seemed as if 
we were drifting toward war, but there was no unanimity 
as to which country should be fought. 

Jefferson, Madison and the Democratic party felt kindly 
to France, while conservative New England, where the 
Federalists were strongest, in spite of the English seizing 
their vessels and impressing their sailors, was more friendly 
to England, whom they believed was fighting almost alone 
for civilization against the aggressions of Napoleon. 

"If honor demands a war with England, what opiate 
stills that honor to sleep over the wrongs done us by 
France ?" asked Josiah Quincy, Senator from Massachu- 
setts. President Madison did not wish to go to war, but 
he did wish to be re-elected, and his friends told him that 
unless he went with his party and declared war on England 
he could not win. 

On June 2d, 1812, Representative Samuel Putnam of 
Salem, in the Massachusetts House of Representatives, 
moved the appointment of a committee to report on the 
expediency of presenting a respectful petition to Congress 
praying them to avert the nation from the calamity of 
war with England, and "by the removal of commercial 
restrictions to restore as far as depends upon them the 
benefits of trade and navigation which are indispensable 
to the prosperity and comfort of the people of Massachu- 
setts." This resolution passed the House of Representa- 
tives by a vote of 406 to 2-40, but was defeated in the 
Democratic Senate. 

The Salem Gazette on June 19th, 1812, said : "The 



300 SALEM AND THE WAR OF 1812 

national administration will find itself fatally misled and 
deceived if the clamors of a few interested office holders 
in this quarter of the nation induce them to believe that 
the people are in favor of a war with England. The mass 
of the people shudder at such an event, as unnecessary, 
ruinous, and criminal as suicide. All who have anything 
valuable at stake are the friends of peace. It must be 
confessed that there are a few unprincipled, heedless and 
turbulent men who pray for war, desolating war, because 
when the tempest comes their morbid curiosity will be 
fed and gratified by a horrid recital of feats of broil and 
battle, by dire accidents by flood and field, of cities sacked 
and burned, and of thousands slaughtered by the foe, but 
thank God our country is dishonored and disgraced by 
only a few of such miscreants, who are importunate and 
clamorous for war because it makes news, and for the 
ruin of their fellow citizens because all will then be equal- 
ly miserable." 

In the Gazette of June 22, 1812, appears the following: 
"Yesterday the inhabitants of Salem met in Town Meeting 
to take into consideration the gloomy and desperate state 
of our public affairs. A committee was appointed to draft 
a Memorial to Congress praying that the people may yet 
be saved from an unjust and ruinous war with Great 
Britain. The Committee appointed was — Jacob Ashton, 
Joseph Peabody, William Orne, Willard Peele, Samuel 
Putnam, Benjamin Pierce, Samuel Upton, Nathaniel Bow- 
ditch, and John Pickering. The petition recited that your 
Memorialists are among that class of American citizens to 
whom a war with Great Britain must be peculiarly calam- 
itous. . . . They believe that such a war would be im- 
politic because an immense amount of property would ■ be 
abandoned to the cruisers of Great Britain, while our 
means of retaliating upon her are comparatively trifling. 

"Your Memorialists would further state that in addition 
to their sufferings in common with other parts of the 
United States, the inhabitants of this town would indi- 
vidually sustain immense losses, there being now three 
millions of their property at hazard. A still more dis- 
tressing consequence of war would be the exposure of 



BY WILLI A31 DISMORE CHAPPLE 301 

thousands of our seamen to unexpected capture, impris- 
onment, and all their attendant calamities." 

However, on the very day that the above was published 
word reached Salem that war had been declared on June 
18th, which tidings created great consternation and excite- 
ment in town. 

From Salem Gazette, June 22, 1812 : "Hardly had the 
petition from this Town to Congress been framed on 
Monday last to save us from the horrors of a war with 
Great Britain when all the hopes of its success were 
blasted by the tidings that a declaration of such a war had 
actually been made and that our country and all that we 
hold dear put to this dreadful hazard. On Tuesday ar- 
rived the official act itself. The inhabitants of all parties 
were struck with consternation and dismay, as if offered 
as a sacrifice to the grim Moloch of Europe who can be 
appeased with nothing but the blood and groans of his 
fellow-creatures. A Town Meeting was called for an early 
hour on Wednesday morning. Jacob Ashton was Moder- 
ator, and Benjamin Merrill, Clerk pro tempore, John 
Prince, the Town Clerk, being absent from Town. Ichabod 
Tucker opened the business of the meeting with some 
observations on the perilous situation in which we were 
placed, plunged into a war, unnecessary, inexpedient, un- 
just, and the calamities of which were not to be described, 
nor the final issue calculated, and moved that a committee 
of nine persons be chosen to draw up a Memorial to the 
House of Representatives of this State to express to them 
the great alarm which was felt by the inhabitants and the 
miseries which they apprehend would fall upon us, and 
praying them to exercise any constitutional powers they 
might possess to rescue their country from ruin." 

War was declared principally for two reasons, first r 
because of the British Orders in Council ordering the 
capture of neutral vessels (mostly American) which were 
carrying goods to blockaded ports, and second, because 
of the impressment of our seamen ; as a matter of fact, 
England had repealed her Orders in Council on June 17, 
1812, the day before war was declared against her, but of 
course news of such repeal had not reached Congress. It 
is a strange fact that although Salem and other New 



302 SALEM AND THE WAR OF 1812 

England ports were the principal sufferers from the seiz- 
ing of our ships and the practice of impressment, they 
were almost unanimously opposed to war with England, 
and if it were not for the embargo, their commerce would 
have still continued to gain, because of the great profits 
of successful cruises, they cheerfully taking the risk of 
occasional capture and the impressment of some of their 
seamen. 

They further said that the United States was in no con- 
dition to fight, which was true, as the Democratic admin- 
istration had almost disbanded the army, reducing it to 
about 6000 poorly equipped and disciplined men, whose 
officers were either veterans of the Revolution, too old to 
be of effective service, or those who were merely poli- 
ticians. The navy had only about sixteen sea-going 
vessels, while England had 830, although most of them 
were engaged in the war with Napoleon until his defeat 
in 1814 released them. Almost all of the merchants and 
other prominent citizens of Salem were Federalists and 
opposed to the war, except a very few, notably the Crown- 
inshields. 

However, as soon as the news of war arrived, there 
was great activity among the Salem fleet, many of which 
were lying idly at their wharves owing to the second em- 
bargo. Work began at once fitting them out as privateers, 
and so rapidly did work progress that on June 26th, only 
four days after the news of war reached Salem, the fault- 
finding Gazette, always ready to complain about anything 
the administration did or did not do, said : 

"There are three privateers in this and several in neigh- 
boring ports, all ready for a cruise, but no commissions 
can be obtained. The declaration of war is sent abroad 
among our enemies, who are thus moved to capture our 
vessels, but even if it happens in sight of us, we cannot 
retake them without being guilty of piracy, for we have 
no commissions to authorize it. Does our Government 
intend the war shall be all on one side ? If not, why did 
not blank commissions accompany the declaration of 
war ?" 

On June 27th Mr. Bentley records: "Our port has 
not been so busy for months. Privateers are all in the 



BY WILLIAM DISMORE CHAPPLE 303 

order of the day and some are already armed and fitted 
waiting for their commissions." 

On July 1st he says : "The commissions came for the 
privateers which had been already fitted in Salem Harbor. 
Capt. G. Crowninshield's pleasure boat we met upon our 
return from Baker's Island in the offing with 30 men go- 
ing out, and afterwards another with 25 men, all of whom 
had had some command in merchant vessels. These were 
in a fishing smack called a jigger. They were in fine 
spirits and huzzaed as the} 7 passed. This crew is a valu- 
able one and upon any mishap must be a great loss to 
Salem. As we passed Marblehead Harbor we found a 
privateer fitting for a cruise, and in Salem Harbor others 
busy to be ready for sea. The number that will be out 
will be very great, as some are fitting from other ports." 

The fishing smack was the Fame, a pinky-sterned Che- 
bacco boat of 30 tons, so-called because this class of boats 
were first built in Essex. She carried two six-pounders, 
and receiving a commission at noon on July 1st, sailed 
an hour or two later, under command of Capt. William 
Webb, the boat being owned by himself, and a crew of 
24 shipmates, consisting almost wholly of captains of 
merchant ships. On July 4th, a most appropriate day, 
she captured two British vessels off Grand Manan, the 
ship Concord, of 300 tons, with a load of square timber, 
and the brig Elbe, of 200 tons, with a cargo of tea. On 
July 9th the Fame returned to town with the Concord, 
the first prize sent into Salem. The Fame was a success- 
ful privateer for nearly two years, until she finally ran 
ashore on Mud Island, in the Bay of Fundy, d urine: April, 
1814. 

George Crowninshield's pleasure boat, the Jefferson, was 
the first yacht in Salem. It was of 14 tons burthen and 
only 36 feet in length, but a very fast sailer. She was 
decked, with a standing room in the rear, and was much 
like the yachts of the present day. On July 10th, the 
day after the arrival of the first prize in Salem, she sent 
in the brig Sally, a schooner laden with timber, and a 
shallop with dry goods, but the Jefferson was very small 
and it was hard work for thirty men to stow themselves 
away in her. Bentley says that a woman who saw them 



304 SALEM AND THE WAR OF 1812 

landing at her door in Maine to buy some milk, observed 
to them, "When I saw you landing I could think of noth- 
ing else than so many goslings in a bread tray". She only 
carried one 4-pounder, and yet was very successful 
throughout the whole war, taking many prizes, and was 
never captured. 

Within ten days of the arrival of the privateering com- 
missions the following privateers had sailed : Cutter 
Jefferson, Capt. Kehew, 1 gun, 30 men, 14 tons ; schooner 
Fame, Capt. Webb, 2 guns, 30 men, 30 tons ; schooner 
Fair Trader, Capt. Morgan, 1 gun, 35 men, 40 tons ; cut- 
ter Polly, Capt. Hardy, 4 guns, 60 men, 96 tons ; schooner 
Dolphin, Capt. Endicott, 3 guns, 70 men, 140 tons; schoon- 
er Regulator, Capt. Mansfield, 1 gun, 50 men, 75 tons ; 
schooner Buckskin, Capt. Bray, 5 guns, 50 men, 60 tons ; 
schooner Active, Capt. Patterson, 2 guns, 25 men, 20 
tons. 

With the opening of the war privateering became the 
principal business of Salem, and while of course the profits 
from it never replaced the great losses sustained by the 
town owing to the suspension of commerce, yet it was 
of the greatest importance in the final result of the war, 
because from a national standpoint it is not the wealth 
amassed by the owners of privateers, but the amount of 
injury inflicted upon the enemy which is important in 
settling the issue of the war. Outside of our attacks 
upon Canada, which were poorly managed and generally 
unsuccessful, England had nothing against which we 
could wage an offensive war but her shipping, and this 
shipping was to her of vital importance, because, by 
reason of her limited area, she could not live without im- 
ports. 

(To be continued.') 




\ \ 




THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST 

INDIES. 



By Francis B. C. Bradlee. 



{Continued from Volume LIX, page 26Jf-} 

Brig "Phoebe Ann", of Portsmouth, N.H., from Trieste 
for Smyrna, was taken by the Greeks to Napoli de Mal- 
vaiza, and there robbed of all the cargo she had. 
Dec. 27, 1828. 

Schooner "Carroll", Swain, from Marblehead, Mass., 
for St. Andrews Bay, East Florida, was plundered at sea 
by pirates about Nov. 3d, and on the 18th went ashore 
on St. Rose Island — threw overboard part of her cargo, 
and got into the bay about 40 miles from Pensacola, 
where she lay in five feet of water, 27th ult. 
Aug. 9, 1828. 

Brigantine "Fox", at Rio de Janeiro, of and from 
Gloucester, Mass., was robbed by an armed schooner, un- 
der Mexican colors, in lat. 34 N., long. 34, of part of her 
cargo, spare sails, clothes, money, watches, etc. 
Oct. 11, 1828. 

Schooner "Industry", Hunter, at Guadaloupe, from 
Newbern, N. C, was plundered by a piratical schooner, 
17th Aug., lat. 28.14, of her chain cable, rigging, stores, 
clothes, etc. 
Nov. 1, 1828. 

Bremen brig "London Packet", Wessels, arrived at 
Laguira, 7th Oct. In lat. of Madeira was boarded by a 
piratical schooner and robbed of property to the amount 
of §7000. 
March 14, 1829. 

Brig "America", Crabtree, of Sullivan, Maine, at St. 
Baits, 7th Feb., was robbed of various articles to the 
amount of $200 by a schooner under French colors, lat. 
26, long. 64. 
March 18, 1829. 

Brig "New Priscilla", of Salem, was seen, 14th Feb., 
near Dog Keys ; no person on board, having been cap- 
tured by a pirate ; crew supposed to be murdered. 

(305) 



306 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

Brig "Atlantic", Grover, of Boston, which sailed from 
Havana 21st Feb., was captured by a pirate, and all hands 
murdered except one, who was secreted, and the vessel 
scuttled. 
March 21, 1829. 

Brig "Fawn", of Salem,* was robbed near the line, on 
her passage to India, last June, by a schooner under 
Buenos Ayrian colors, of sundry articles of cargo, amount- 
ing to $1500. 

Brig "Triton", of Waldoborough, Maine, at St. Croix, 
26th Feb., was robbed of provisions, boat, clothing, etc., 
in lat. 26, long. 69. 
Oct. 7, 1829. 

Schooner "Perry", Hoodless, at Newburyport from 
Barracoa, was robbed of part of her cargo, on her out- 
ward passage, by a piratical schooner, lat. 30, long. 69. 
Oct. 9, 1830. 

Brig "Orbit", Woodbury, of and for this port (N. Y.), 
from the Coast of Africa, was fallen in with, 11th Sept., 
lat. 13.10 N., long. 45.42 W., in the possession of a pirat- 
ical crew, who had boarded her, murdered the captain 
and mates, and were supposed to be heading for St. 
Thomas. 
Sept. 28, 1831. 

Supposed Piracy. 

The brig "Wade", on 29th Sept., 1830, in lat. 37 N., 
long. 59 1-2 W., six days out from New York, boarded 
the barque "Henry", without any other name or letters 
on her stern, with masts all gone by the board, part of an 
English Jack made fast to one of the poop rails, cabin 
ceiling and transom tore to pieces, as if in search of 
money, furniture thrown down the run, forecastle empty. 
Saw a rug in the cabin which appeared to be stained with 
blood ; water casks all stove ; cargo, rum and sugar ; 
appeared tight, and only to have been abandoned about 
three weeks ; coppered to the bends. 

•The "Fawn" referred to was a brig of 168 tons, built at Quincy, 
Mass.. in 1S16. In 1826 Robert Brookhouse, Josiah Lovett, Jr., of 
Beverly, were her owners, and Emery Johnson, master. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 307 

No less a person than Richard Henry Dana, in his "Two 
Years Before the Mast", relates that the vessel he was in, 
the brig "Pilgrim", of and from Boston, bound to the coast 
of California, was chased by a supposed piratical craft, 
"September 22d (1834), when, upon coming on deck at 
seven bells in the morning, we found the other watch 
aloft throwing water upon the sails ; and, looking astern, 
we saw a small clipper-built brig, with a black hull, head- 
ing directly after us. 

"We went to work immediately and put all the canvas 
upon the brig which we could get upon her, rigging out 
oars for extra studding sail, yards, and continued 
wetting down the sails with buckets of water 
whipped up to the mast-head, until about nine o'clock, 
when there came on a drizzling rain. The vessel contin- 
ued in pursuit, changing her course as we changed ours, 
to keep before the wind. 

"The captain, who watched her with his glass, said she 
was armed and full of men, and showed no colors. We 
continued running dead before the wind, knowing that 
we sailed better so, and that clippers are fastest on the 
wind. We had also another advantage. The wind was 
light, and we spread more canvas than she did, . . . while 
she, being a hermaphrodite brig, had only a gaff topsail 
aft. . . . All hands remained on deck throughout the day, 
and we got our firearms in order, but we were too few to 
have done anything with her if she had proved to be 
what we feared. 

"Fortunately there was no moon, and the night which 
followed was exceedingly dark, so that, by putting out 
our lights on board and altering our course four points, 
we hoped to get out of her reach. We removed the light 
in the binnacle, and steered by the stars, and kept perfect 
silence through the night. At daybreak there was no 
sign of anything in the horizon, and we kept the vessel 
off to her course." 

Among the many well known American sea captains in 
the palmy days of our merchant marine probably the best 
remembered is Capt. Samuel Samuels, who for many years 
commanded the equally well known New York and Liv- 
erpool packet ship "Dreadnought." This craft holds the 



308 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

record for the fastest transatlantic passage ever accom- 
plished by a sailing vessel, she having, on two voyages in 
1859, sighted the Irish coast within ten days of her de- 
parture from Sandy Hook.* 

Captain Samuels' adventures all over the world as a 
sailor are contained in a most interesting volume, "From 
the Forecastle to the Cabin," now out of print and not 
easy to obtain. When a mere boy, Samuels came near 
being captured by pirates in the Gulf of Mexico, while 
on a voyage from Liverpool to Galveston, Texas, in the 
British brig "Emily". The exact date of the occurrence 
cannot be given, for the only fault with Captain Samuels' 
book is that he rarely gives the dates of events, but as 
nearly as can be reckoned, his narrow escape from being 
captured by the freebooters took place in 1837. 

"The vessel came down on us like a meteor. Before 
we got on deck she was close aboard on our starboard 
beam. Peter told me to look at her carefully. ('Peter' 
was a middle-aged man, a sailor on the 'Emily', who had 
taken a great fancy to young Samuels ; he appears, never- 
theless, to have been a 'hard ticket', and, as will be seen 
further on, had at one time been himself a pirate.) 

"She was a two top-sail schooner ; that is, she had a 
square fore and main top-sail, with top-gallant sails over. 
When these square sails were furled, the yards on deck, 
and the masts housed, the fore and aft sails would equal 
single reefs. This rig is now obsolete ; though, if I were 
going to build a large sailing yacht, I would rig her in 
this way. She would be the most rakish and saucy-look- 
ing craft afloat. The stranger had a long swivel [cannon] 
amidships and a smaller one mounted forward of the 
foremast. She was painted black, had a flush deck, and 
four quarter boats. No flag was flying. We were hailed 
in good English, though he who hailed us looked like a 
Spaniard. 

'What ship is that ?' he asked. 'Where are you from, 
and where are you bound ?' 

"We replied to all these interrogations. Our captain 
was too much astonished at her extraordinary speed and 

•See "The 'Dreadnought' of Newburyport," by F. B. C. Bradlee, 
2d edition, Essex Institute, Salem, Mass., 1921. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 309 

appearance to ask any questions. There was no name on 
her stern, and only three men were to be seen on deck. 
Captain Gillette asked the mate what he made her out. 
He replied that she was a mystery, and that he did not 
like her looks, as she appeared like neither a war-ship nor 
a merchantman. 

"At ten o'clock the wind moderated enough to let us 
set all light sails, including the starboard studding sails. 
At noon we sighted the mysterious stranger again right 
ahead. At 1 P. M. a heavy squall was coming down on 
us. Then we took in the studding-sails, and royal. 
The main top-gallant studding-sail fouled over the 
brace block, and I went aloft to clear it. While I was on 
the yard the squall struck us with terrific force. Every- 
thing had to be let go by the run to save the masts. The 
studding-sail blew to ribbons in my hands. The top-sail 
halyards had been let go, and down I went with the yard. 
I had secured myself on the foot-rope near the brace 
block. This I did to save myself from being knocked off 
by the slapping of the top-gallant sheet. It was marvel- 
lous that I was not thrown from the yard when it came 
down on the cap. The squall was soon over, but it took 
the rest of the day to repair the split sails. 

"About four o'clock the stranger hove to till we passed 
her, when she trimmed her canvas and was alongside again 
like magic. 

"What does your cargo consist of ?" he asked. 

"Coal, salt, crates, and iron," we replied. 

"She starboarded her helm and hauled to the south- 
ward, but before dark was ahead of us again. By this 
time all hands showed uneasiness, but said nothing. Sup- 
per was announced, but no one had any appetite. We all 
sat on the forecastle, straining our eyes into the darkness 
to see if we could discern the schooner. The captain 
came forward at eleven o'clock to join the mate, who had 
been sitting forward among us all the evening. 

"Mr. Crawford," he said, "let us trim the yards and 
haul up four points to the southward. I don't like that 
craft. She was right ahead when last seen. We had 
better give her the slip during the night." 

"Peter now joined in and said, 'If you don't want 



310 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

them to board us, we had better keep our course. They 
have their eye on us, and if we attempt to avoid them 
they may suppose we are not bound for Galveston, and 
that our cargo is not of such small value as we told them. 
Once on board of us they will show their true character, 
and before daylight we shall all have walked the plank 
and the 'Emily' will be sunk five thousand fathoms deep. 
None of us will be left to tell the tale. I have been on 
these waters before, Captain Gillette, and know these 
crafts, and what I am talking about.' 

"Peter's words were ominous. They sent a thrill of 
horror through us all. They sounded like the death 
sentence pronounced by a judge in deep, solemn tones, to 
a prisoner whose hours are numbered. 

"The course was not changed. Silence pervaded the 
whole crew. The night was very dark. Suddenly Peter 
nudged me and motioned me to follow him aft. When 
abreast of the gangway he whispered in my ear, 'Boy, be 
a man. Don't tremble so. Your teeth chatter as if you 
had the ague. Slip down below and bring up a pannikin 
of rum ; you know where it is stowed. You need cour- 
age to carry out what you will have to undertake before 
sunrise. By that time there will be no more of the 'Emi- 
ly' or her crew, except you and me. Get the rum, and 
then hear the rest.' 

"I groped my way down the after hatch and into the 
store-room and got the rum. I begged him not to take 
too much, as I knew his desperate character when in 
liquor. 

'Don't fear,' he said, 'I never take too much in serious 
times. Now drink a little yourself ; it will brace you up. 
Put the cup where we can get it again, and let us walk 
the deck where we can be seen but not heard. Much of 
my life you have heard me relate, from boyhood to man- 
hood. The rest you shall hear now. My first criminal 
act, when I was a mere child, led on by others, landed 
me and them in the galleys, whence we escaped after mur- 
dering the guard. All except me were taken and guillo- 
tined. I was too small to have a hand in the murder. At 
the trial my plea of ignorance of an evil intent saved me 
from the extreme penalty of the law, but I was sent on 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 311 

board a French man-of-war, from which I escaped after 
many years of service. Then I found myself in the Span- 
ish navy, and after the battle of Trafalgar I shipped in a 
slaver. 

"We were on our way from the Congo, bound to San 
Domingo, with four hundred slaves stored in the hold. 
The prospects were good for a profitable voyage. When we 
were off Porto Rico a schooner, just like the one you have 
seen this morning, came up and hailed us. It was just 
getting dark, and she passed ahead. When the next day 
was breaking she hailed us to heave to, and brought her 
guns to bear. In a moment we were grappled and board- 
ed. Part of our crew at once attacked our officers, and, 
with the pirates who had boarded us, made short work of 
those who showed any resistance. We who had done this 
were allowed to join the pirate crew, as we had proved 
ourselves worthy of them. If we had acted otherwise 
we would have been slain also. 

"An officer with a prize crew took charge of our schoon- 
er after we had been sent aboard the pirate, and took the 
slaver into Havana, where she and her cargo were sold. 
I stayed with the pirates three years, but their life did 
not suit me, and I made my escape during a battle with 
two English ships-of-war which had discovered our 
stronghold in the Bay of San Lorenzo. 

" 'Now, boy,' Peter continued, 'to save ourselves we 
must join these pirates, who will board us about day- 
break. You take your position behind Mr. Crawford, and 
as soon as they board strike him with the knife between 
the shoulders.' 

"At these instructions my knees began to give way. 
Peter seized me, or I should have fallen. The story he 
told me was all very well until it became my turn to be 
an actor. But a nip of rum, administered by him, set me 
all right. He said it would be better to kill the mate 
than to be killed myself, and our crew would all be 
slaughtered anyway. He called it justifiable self-defence, 
and said that after we had joined the pirates he would 
find a way for us to escape. He so worked on my imagi- 
nation that I reallv felt I was groins to do an excusable 
deed. The knife he gave me was his favorite one it had a 



312 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

very long blade incased in a wooden sheath, instead of 
the leather usually used for sheath-knives. 1 agreed to do 
as he bade me, and took my place behind the mate. Peter 
took his place near the captain. It had just struck seven 
bells. There had been scarcely a word spoken forward 
during the night. The sound of the bells fell upon me 
like a funeral knell. Tears began to run down my cheeks. 
Mr. Crawford had always been good to me ; why should 
I kill him ? Everybody had treated me well on board. I 
thought of home, and the plans I had laid for the future; 
now my aspirations and hopes would all be ruined in the 
next half hour. A horror of the situation seized me. I 
slipped off the bitts upon which I had been sitting and 
walked aft. Peter followed me. He said ; 

" 'You had better take a little more rum. I don't think 
the cook will serve us with coffee this morning. It is 
chilly for you after the long night's watch. I see that 
you have a slight attack of ague.' 

" 'No, Peter, I don't want to drink ; I am not cold. 
But I would rather be killed than commit murder in such 
cold blood.' 

"But his pleadings, his love for me, and the review of 
his friendship, had their effect. The demon that seduced 
our great mother was whispering in my ear. I again did 
as he told me, and stationed myself behind the mate. 

"The silence was broken by the captain saying he 
wished it was daylight. 

" 'It will be here soon enough,' I heard Peter say. "I 
see it breaking in the east, and before the sun is up all 
will be over.' 

"The da} T was indeed breaking, and night was furling 
her black flag. The light mounted slowly towards the 
zenith, and as our eyes were strained to catch a glimpse 
of the mysterious craft, we saw her shoot out of the dark- 
ness, heading across our bow to the northward. We 
looked in tehat direction and saw a large West India mer- 
chantman about four miles on our starboard beam. She 
was running before the wind, with studding-sails set on 
both sides, and was evidently Dutch from her build. 

" 'She is doomed,' Peter said, 'and we are safe. Those 
poor fellows will never muster round the grog-pail again. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BBADLEE 318 

Presently you will see the schooner make her heave to.' 

"The words were scarcely spoken when w r e saw the 
smoke from her Long Tom. The signal was unheeded, 
and a shot brought down her foremast, which took the 
maintopmast with it. This crippled her so that in less 
than an hour she was out of sight astern. 

"While in Amsterdam, years after, my curiosity led me 
to ascertain what ships were lost during the year in which 
the above incident occurred and I learned that the ship 
'Crown Prince William', from Rotterdam, bound for Cura- 
coa, was never heard from. 

"We felt ourselves safe for the time being, but changed 
our course, fearing that after she had pillaged and sunk 
the ship, she might overtake and destroy us, to avoid be- 
ing reported. We did not consider ourselves out of dan- 
ger until we entered the harbor of Galveston." 

The case of the disappearance of the British-Australian 
packet ship "Madagascar" was not, strictly speaking, due 
to piracy in the old sense of the term ; yet the loss of this 
fine vessel resulted from a deeply laid plot, and it is inter- 
esting to include this thrilling sea tale, one of the most 
audacious in the criminal annals of the ocean. It is re- 
produced by the kind permission of Basil Lubbock, Esq., 
author, and Messrs. James Brown and Son, Glasgow, pub- 
lishers of that wonderful book of marine history, "The 
Blackwall Frigates" ; supplemented somewhat by a letter 
from the secretary of Lloyd's, London, to the author. 

It must be remembered that soon after the discovery of 
gold in Australia, in the early 1850's, the population was 
of a very "mixed" character ; ship's crews were exceed- 
ingly hard to get, and captains took what there was with- 
out asking questions, being only too glad to fill their 
forecastles for the home run. 

"In July, 1853, she (the 'Madagascar') lay in Port 
Phillip (Australia), with the Blue Peter flying, a full 
complement of passengers, and 68,390 ounces of gold 
dust on board. Just as she was about to sail, Melbourne 
detectives hurried on board and arrested two of her pas- 
sengers for being concerned in the Mclvor Gold Escort 
robbery, which had been the latest piece of robbery under 
arms to excite the colony. 



314 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

"The passengers were tried, and though a great deal of 
gold dust was found in their baggage on the 'Madagascar', 
the crime could not be brought home to them. After be- 
ing delayed a month by this affair, the 'Madagascar' 
sailed. And when time passed and she did not arrive, all 
sorts of rumors began to circulate in order to account for 
her disappearance, but the most general belief was that 
she had been captured by a number of desperadoes, who, 
it was said, had taken passage in her for that very pur- 
pose. 

"Years afterwards the following story went the round 
of the colonies. A woman in New Zealand, being on her 
death-bed, sent for a clergyman and said that she had been 
a nurse on the ill-fated 'Madagascar'. According to her 
the crew and several of the passengers mutinied when 
the ship was in the South Atlantic. Captain Harris and 
his officers were all killed, and the rest of the passengers, 
with the exception of some of the young women, were 
locked up below. The boats were then lowered, and the 
gold and young women put into them. Finally the mu- 
tineers followed, having set fire to the ship and left their 
prisoners to burn. 

"However, they soon paid for their crimes with their 
own lives, for only one of the boats, containing six men 
and five women (the narrator amongst them), succeeded 
in reaching the coast of Brazil, and even this boat was 
capsized in the surf, and its cargo of stolen gold dust lost 
overboard. 

"The sufferings of its crew had been severe enough on 
the sea, but on land they grew more terrible day by day. 
At last a small settlement was reached. But this proved 
a death trap, for yellow fever was raging. In a very short 
time only two of the mutineers and this woman remained 
alive. They, after more hardships and privations, at last 
reached civilization. Then the two scoundrels, after 
having dragged the woman with them through every kind 
of iniquit}', eventually deserted her. One of them dis- 
appeared entirely, but the other, according to her, was 
hanged in San Francisco for murder. 

"The woman described herself as having been a nurse 
on board the 'Madagascar', and this may have been possi- 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 315 

ble, as there was a Mrs. de Carteret with her children on 
board. . . . 

"The nurse's story can never be proved ; but it is like- 
ly enough, for before the 'Madagascar' sailed there were 
many sinister rumors in Melbourne concerning the objects 
and antecedents of her crew and many of her passengers." 

According to a letter from the secretary of Lloyd's to 
the author, the "Madagascar" was not finally posted as 
"missing" until June 21st, 1854, nearly a year after the 
date of her sailing from Melbourne. 

This celebrated tragedy of the sea forms the basis for 
one of Mr. Clark Russell's best marine novels, "The Tale 
of the Ten" ; in it he has slightly altered the facts, and, 
of course, the names ; the story also ends well, but other- 
wise the tale is largely as related above. 

The last actual case of piracy was one quite as pictur- 
esque, and perhaps more curious than any related before 
in this little book, and certainly may be said to have been 
modern and up-to-date, as the piratical vessel in question 
was a steamer. As far as the author can trace, it is the 
only case of a "steam pirate". In February, 1860, Gen- 
eral Miramon, who was then the principal representative 
of the Mexican so-called "Clerical and Conservative" 
party, with a company of followers, chartered at Havana 
the steamer "Marquis de la Habana",* which was the 
property of a Spanish Havana firm and had made one or 
more voyages as a slaver. 

General Miramon's plan was that he and his "friends" 
were to be landed at Vera Cruz, where they hoped to 
bring about a revolution, a common occurrence in modern 
Mexico. The "Marquis de la Habana" was a wooden 
propeller of about 600 tons and carrying one or two old- 
fashioned 32-pounders and a modern brass-rifled pivot 24- 
pounder. Unfortunately for Miramon, when his steamer 
appeared off Vera Cruz and refused to show the flag of 
any civilized country, the United States fleet, then cruis- 
ing off the Mexican and Central American coasts, on the 
watch to prevent the landing of Walker and his band of 

•The "Marquis de la Habana" is not to be confused with 
another steamer "Habana", which, prior to the Civil war, plied 
regularly between New Orleans and Havana, and became the well 
known Confederate cruiser "Sumter". 



31 6 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

filibusters, also stopped Miramon and his gang from going 
ashore. 

Here was a quandary for the Mexican "general" and 
his friends ; they had very little or no money, the "Mar- 
quis de la Habana's" charter had only been partially settled, 
and the rank and file of the proposed landing party were 
clamoring for the liberal pay promised them. However, 
Miramon, or some other fertile brain among his followers, 
soon hit on the following scheme, which, if successful 
(and it might easily have been), would have filled all 
their pockets with gold, and at a moderate amount of 
risk. 

The plan was as follows : What could be easier than 
to stop one of the homeward-bound California "treasure" 
steamers, plunder the ship and her passengers, then put 
on all steam, run the "Marquis de la Habana" ashore on 
some unfrequented spot on either the Central or South 
American coasts, and all hands could scatter, each for 
himself. It must be remembered that this was years be- 
fore the building of the first trans-continental railroad, 
and the principal means of communication between Cali- 
fornia and the east was by steamer from San Francisco to 
Panama, thence by rail across the Isthmus to Aspinwall, 
whence one of "Commodore" Vanderbilt's big side- 
wheelers in eight or nine days more landed the traveller 
in New York. 

Neither were there, in 1860, many ocean cables to give 
the alarm, so that the pirates could be traced and over- 
taken. Moreover it did not take long for Miramon's fol- 
lowers, composed for the most part of the refuse of the 
world that then hung about Cuban and Central American 
ports, to fall in with the scheme. 

Unfortunately for them, however, the proverb, "There's 
many a slip 'twixt the cup and the lip", proved but too 
true. 

Somehow, and in some way, very likely by treachery, 
news of the bold plot reached the ears of Commander 
Jarvis, commanding the U. S. (sailing) sloop-of-war 
"Saratoga",* and he immediately set forth in search of 

*The "Saratoga" was originally built at the Portsmouth 
Navy Yard as a frigate, but in 1860 had been recently cut down to 
a sloop-of-war. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 317 

the miscreants, and as they were supposed to be not far 
off and the wind was light, the "Saratoga" was taken in 
tow by the steamer "Indianola". Sure enough, in a few 
hours, on March 6th, the "Marquis de la Habana" and a 
schooner were found anchored side by side off Point 
Anton Lizardo. Upon the approach of the "Saratoga", 
Miramon's vessels attempted to escape, but were soon 
overtaken, and in answer to Commander Jarvis' order to 
surrender, the "Marquis de la Habana" fired twice from 
her pivot gun. The "Saratoga" now gave them a broad- 
side, upon which a general contest ensued, and Miramon 
was soon forced to surrender, but not before some twenty 
men were killed and wounded. Many of the Mexicans 
escaped ashore in small boats while the fight was going 
on. It was said that Miramon had the Spanish flag hoisted 
and was captured with it flying above him. 

A prize crew was now put on board the "Marquis de la 
Habana", and Lieutenant R. T. Chapman was ordered to 
take her to New Orleans and turn her over to the U. S. 
marshal there "as being a pirate on the high seas". 

It has been impossible to find out what became of Mi- 
ramon, whether or not he was indicted ; if so, perhaps the 
breaking out of the Civil war put an end to his troubles. 
A.t any rate, he afterwards became prominent as one of 
Emperor Maximilian's staunchest supporters during his 
short reign in Mexico, and was executed with him at 
Queratero in 1867. The "Marquis de la Habana" was 
taken into the Confederate navy as the "McRae". She 
was fitted out as a commerce destroyer, and it was hoped 
would be a companion ship to the "Sumter", "Ala- 
bama", etc. 

The Union fleet, however, proved too vigilant, and the 
"McRae" was never able to reach the open sea. She took 
part in the battle of New Orleans in April, 1862, under 
the command of Lieutenant Thomas B. Huger, C. S. N., 
who was mortally wounded, like the "McRae" herself, 
which sank the next day from injuries received in the 
battle. 

That the danger from pirates in the Gulf of Mexico as 
late as 1861 was not altogether unfounded is proved by 
the following despatch from Hon. Isaac Toucey, Secretary 



SI 8 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

of the Navy in President Buchanan's cabinet, to Lieuten- 
ant Charles Thomas, commanding the U. S. S. "Falmouth", 
stationed at Aspinwall : 
"Navy Department, Washington City, 

"January 19th, 1861. 
"Sir : 

"It is rumored that a piratical expedition is on foot to 
proceed to the Isthmus for the purpose of seizing the 
California steamers with their treasure ; that a schooner 
has already been chartered to convey the expedition to 
Aspinwall, where they will be clandestinely landed and 
make their attack after the treasure shall have been put 
on board the steamer. There may not be foundation for 
this rumor. You will, however, be vigilant, and, if nec- 
essary, be prompt to use all means at your command for 
the protection of the California steamers and their treas- 
ure, or other property of citizens of the United States. 
".I am, respectfully, 

"Your obedient servant, 
"I. Toucey, 

"Secretary of the Navy." 
"Lieutenant Charles Thomas, 

"Commanding U. S. Storeship 'Falmouth', 
"Aspinwall, New Grenada." 

The coast of New England, in fact, the whole Atlantic 
coast line, is full of traditions of pirates. A most pecu- 
liar one is the legend of the shrieking woman of Marble- 
head, which is a ghost story connected with that part of 
the town known as Oakum Bay. 

A piratical cruiser, having captured a Spanish vessel 
about the middle of the seventeenth century, brought her 
into Marblehead harbor, which was then the site of a few 
humble dwellings. The male inhabitants were all absent 
on their fishing voyages. The pirates brought their pris- 
oners ashore, carried them at the dead of night into a 
retired glen, and there murdered them. 

Among the captives was an English female passenger. 
The women of Marblehead heard her dying outcries, as 
they rose through the midnight air, and reverberated far 
and wide along the silent shores. She was heard to ex- 
claim, "O, mercv ! Lord Jesus Christ save me ! Lord 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 319 

Jesus Christ save me !" Her body was buried by the 
pirates on the spot. The same piercing voice is believed 
to be heard, at intervals more or less often, almost every 
year, on clear moonlight nights. There is something, it 
is said, so wild, mysterious, and evidently super-human in 
the sound, as to strike a chill of dread into the hearts of 
all who listen to it. 

The writer of an article on this subject in the old Mar- 
blehead Register of April 3d, 1830, declared that "there 
are not wanting at the present day persons of unimpeach- 
able veracity and known respectability who still continue 
to firmly believe the tradition, and to assert that they 
themselves have been auditors of the sounds described, 
which they declare were of such an unearthly nature as 
to preclude the idea of imposition or deception. 

No less a person than the late Judge Joseph Story, who 
died in 1845, a native of Marblehead, and who became 
one of the most prominent constitutional lawyers in the 
country, about the last person who would be taken in by 
ghost stories, averred that "he had heard those ill-omened 
shrieks again and again in the still hours of the night." 
A perusal of the old records reveal the fact that about 
1700 the whole coast of Essex County, Massachusetts, 
was infested with pirates, and in Gloucester particularly 
there were the famous John Phillips and John Quelch, 
who were hung in 1704 for their piratical activities. 

At the Point of Pines, on the shore line between Lynn 
and Revere, there has ever been a romance that pirate 
gold is supposed to be safely hidden somewhere on that 
point of land. According to tradition, a great chest of 
gold is buried at the root of a tree, the chest being cov- 
ered by a large flat stone. This treasure chest is supposed 
to have been placed there by the same pirate crew of 
which tradition also says that they had their retreat in 
what has since been always known as Pirate's Glen, in 
one of the wildest and loneliest spots in Saugus. 

Not far from the Point of Pines was once the old 
half-way house known as "The Blew Ankor," a tavern 
much patronized by travellers. Here it was that a party 
was formed to search for the treasure, and David Kunks- 
shamooshaw, a wizard with a divining rod, located the 



320 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

spot where the treasure was buried, and the party by the 
light of their lanterns, began to dig. Soon their shovels 
struck a rock, and with a level it was partially razed, and 
there were those who claimed they saw an old chest be- 
neath it. Then a mighty wind arose, and coming on the 
back of the wind was a hatless giant on a charger, shout- 
ing, 'By my blood, what do ye here ? Filching my gold, 
hard earned upon the sea by danger and fire. But the 
devil will save his own, I wot. Avoyant ye, or bear a 
pirate's malediction." 

So stunned were the diggers that they backed away 
from the spot, the stone sank into the chest, and the 
searchers ran for their lives. At various times in the 
centuries sone by, the Saugus river was the scene of mys- 
terious fortune parties, it being claimed that this little 
stream quite often afforded an opportunity of hiding when 
the pirates' were too hard pressed. 

The particular story which has lasted the longest and 
has interest even now is that connected with Dungeon 
rock in the great Lynn Woods reservation, which is vis- 
ited by thousands every year. According to tradition, 
the pirates at one time brought a beautiful woman to the 
woods, coming up the Saugus river, seeking a post in the 
rocks and crags from the tops of which a good view of 
the ocean was obtained. They found such an outlook, 
and here they built a hut, dug a well and made a garden, 
and the woman lived, died and was buried there. 

Three of the pirates in this particular escapade were 
captured and died on the gibbet in England. The fourth, 
Thomas Veale, escaped to the cavern, where he is sup- 
posed to have hidden his booty. He worked the remain- 
der of his life as a shoemaker or cordwainer, only coming 
down into the village for food. 

Then came the earthquake of 1658, and the shock of 
the great convulsion of nature split to its foundation the 
rock in which the cavern was located, blocking the en- 
trance and enclosing Veale in a frightful rocky tomb. The 
cliff has ever since been known as the Dungeon rock. 

Hiram Marble, in 1854, began a search of Dungeon 
rock cavern for the pirate gold, and for thirty years up to 
the time of his death continued an unsuccessful search. 




EXECUTION OF CAPTAIN NATHANIEL GORDON, AT NEW YORK, FEBRUARY 22, 1862 

The only person ever hanged in the United States for the crime of slave smuggling 

From a sketch in the New York Illustrated News, March, 1862 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 321 

His son continued his efforts, and tons of rocks were 
moved by them in the course of time, but with no results. 

Now and again comes the tale of someone searching for 
treasure gold in the sands of Gloucester or along the 
Ipswich-Newburyport dunes, but never yet has there come 
a story of the discovery of any of these mysterious chests, 
lined with gold and precious jewels, which were supposed 
to be the particular property of pirates at large. In the 
seventeenth century it is certain that the Isles of Shoals, 
off Portsmouth, N. H., were the resort of pirates with 
such names as Dixy Bull, Low and Argall (a licensed and 
titled buccaneer), who left the traces of their own law- 
lessness in the manner of life of the islanders. It was a 
convenient place in which to refit or obtain fresh provis- 
ions without the asking of troublesome questions.* The 
pirates could expect little booty from the fishermen, but 
they often picked them up at sea to replenish their 
crews. 

In the year 1689 two noted buccaneers, Thomas Haw- 
kins and Thomas Pound, cruised on the coast of New 
England, committing many depredations. The Bay 
Colony determined on their capture, and dispatched an 
armed sloop called the "Mary", Samuel Pease, commander, 
which put to sea in October of that year. Hearing the 
pirates had been cruising at the mouth of Buzzard's Bay, 
Captain Pease made all sail in that direction. The "Mary" 
overhauled the outlaw off Wood's Hole. Pease ran down 
to her, hailed, and ordered her to heave to. The free- 
booter ran up a blood red flag in defiance, when the 
"Mary" fired a shot athwart her forefoot, and again 
hailed, with a demand to strike her colors. Pound, who 
stood upon his quarter-deck, answered the hail with, 
"Come on, you dogs, and I will strike you." Waving his 
sword, his men poured a volley into the "Mary", and the 
action for some time raged fiercely, no quarter being ex- 
pected. Captain Pease at length carried his adversary 
by boarding, receiving wounds in the hand to hand conflict 
of which he died. 

In 1723 the sloop "Dolphin", of Cape Ann, was taken 
on the Banks by Phillips, a noted pirate. The able-bodied 
♦"Massachusetts Colonial Records", vol. IV, part 2, p. 449. 



322 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

of the "Dolphin" were forced to join the pirate crew. 
Amongr the luckless fishermen was John Fillmore of 
Ipswich. Phillips, to quiet their scruples, promised on 
his honor to set them at liberty at the end of three 
months. Finding no other hope of escape, for of course 
the liar and pirate never meant to keep his word, Fillmore, 
with the help of Edward Cheesman and an Indian, seizing 
his opportunity, killed three of the chief pirates, including 
Phillips, on the spot. The rest of the crew, made up in 
part of pressed men, submitted, and the captured vessel 
was brought into Boston by the conquerors on the 3d of 
May, 1724. John Fillmore, the quasi pirate, was the 
great-grandfather of Millard Fillmore, thirteenth President 
of the United States. 

It is affirmed on the authority of Charles Chauncy that 
Low once captured some fishermen from the "Shoals". 
Disappointed, perhaps, in his expectation of booty, he 
first caused the captives to be barbarously flogged, and 
afterward required each of them three times to curse 
Parson Mather or be hanged. The prisoners did not re- 
ject the alternative. 

No doubt these pirates had heard of the sermons Cotton 
Mather was in the habit of preaching before the execution 
of many of their confederates. In his time it was the 
custom to march condemned prisoners under a strong 
guard to some church on the Sabbath preceding the day 
on which they were to suffer. There, marshaled in the 
broad aisle, they listened to a discourse on the enormity 
of their crimes and the torments that awaited them in 
the other world, this being the manner in which the old 
divines administered the consolations of religion to such 
desperate malefactors. 

New England could contribute a thick volume to the 
annals of piracy in the New World from the records of a 
hundred years subsequent to her settlement. The name 
of Kidd was long a bugbear with which to terrify way- 
ward children into obedience, and the search for his treas- 
ure continues, as we have seen, to this day. Bradish, 
Bellamy and Quelch sailed these seas like true followers 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 323 

of those dreaded rovers who swept the English coasts and 
sent their defiance to the king himself : 

"Go tell the King of England, go tell him thus from me, 
Though he reigns king o'er all the land, I will reign 
king at sea." 

They have still the ghost of a pirate on Appledore,* 
one of Kidd's men. There has consequently been much 
seeking after treasure. The face of the spectre is "pale 
and very dreadful" to behold ; and its neck, it is averred, 
shows the livid mark of the hangman's noose. It answers 
to the name of "Old Bab". Once no islander could be 
found hardy enough to venture on Appledore after night- 
fall. 

In 1700 Rear Admiral Benbow was lying at Piscataqua, 
with nine of Kidd's pirates on board for transportation to 
England. Robert Bradenham, Kidd's surgeon, says the 
Earl of Bellomont, was the "obstinatest and most hard- 
ened of 'em all." In the year 1726 the pirates William 
Fly, Samuel Cole, and Henry Greenville were taken and 
put to death at Boston, after having been well preached 
to in Old Brattle Street by Dr. Colman. Fly, the cap- 
tain, like a truculent knave, refused to come into church, 
and on the way to execution bore himself with great 
bravado. He jumped briskly into the cart, with a nosegay 
in his hands, smiling and bowing to the spectators as he 
passed along, with real or affected unconcern. At the 
gallows he showed the same obstinacy until his face was 
covered, f 

The various legends relative to the corsairs, and the 
secreting of their ill-gotten gains among these rocks, 
would of themselves occupy a lengthy chapter ; and the 
recital of the fearful sights and sounds which have con- 

*Appledore is one of the islands forming the group called the 
Isles of Shoals. They lie ten miles off Portsmouth, N. H. 

t After execution the bodies of the pirates were taken to the little 
island in Boston harbor known as Nix's Mate, on which there is a 
monument. Fly was hung in chains, and the other two buried on 
the beach. The total disappearance of this island before the en- 
croachments of the sea is the foundation of a legend. Bird Island, 
in the same harbor, on which pirates have been executed, has also 
disappeared. It formerly contained a considerable area. 



324 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

fronted such as were hardy enough to seek for treasure 
would satisfy the most inveterate marvel-monger in the 
land. Among others to whom it is said these islands were 
known was the celebrated Captain Teach, or Blackbeard 
as he was often called. He is supposed to have buried 
immense treasure here, some of which, like Haley's ingots, 
has been dug up and appropriated by the islanders. On 
one of his cruises, while lying off the Scottish coast wait- 
ing for a rich trader, he was boarded by a stranger, who 
came off in a small boat from the shore. The new-comer 
demanded to be led before the pirate chief, in whose cabin 
he remained some time shut up. At length Teach ap- 
peared on deck with the stranger, whom he introduced to 
the crew as a comrade. The vessel they were expecting 
soon came in sight, and after a bloody conflict became the 
prize of Blackbeard. It was determined by the corsair 
to man and arm the captured vessel. The unknown had 
fought with undaunted bravery and address during the 
battle. He was given the command of the prize. 

The stranger Scot was not long in gaining the bad 
eminence of being as good a pirate as his renowned com- 
mander. His crew thought him invincible and followed 
where he led. At last, after his appetite for wealth had 
been satisfied by the rich booty of the Southern seas, he 
arrived on the coast of his native land. His boat was 
manned and landed him upon the beach near an humble 
dwelling, whence he soon returned, bearing in his arms 
the lifeless form of a woman. 

The pirate ship immediately set sail for America, and 
in due time dropped her anchor in the road of the Isles 
of Shoals. Here the crew passed their time in secreting 
their riches and in carousal. The commander's portion 
was buried on an island apart from the rest. He roamed 
over the isles with his beautiful companion, forgetful, it 
would seem, of his fearful trade, until one morning a sail 
was seen standing in for the islands. All was now activity 
on board the pirate ; but before getting under way the 
outlaw carried the maiden to the island where he had 
buried his treasure, and made her take a fearful oath to 
guard the spot from mortals until his return, were it not 
'til doomsday. He then put to sea. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 325 

The strange sail proved to be a warlike vessel in search 
of freebooters. A long and desperate battle ensued, in 
which the cruiser at last silenced her adversary's guns. 
The vessels were grappled for a last struggle, when a ter- 
rific explosion strewed the sea with the fragments of both. 
Stung to madness by defeat, knowing that if taken alive 
the gibbet awaited him, the rover had fired the magazine, 
involving friend and foe in a common fate. 

A few mangled wretches succeeded in reaching the 
islands, only to perish miserably, one by one, from cold 
and hunger. The pirate's mistress remained true to her 
oath to the last, or until she also succumbed to want and 
exposure. By report, she has been seen more than once 
on White Island — a tall, shapely figure, wrapped in a 
long sea-cloak, her head and neck uncovered, except by a 
profusion of golden hair. Her face is described as ex- 
quisitely rounded, but pale and still as marble. She takes 
her stand on the verge of a low, projecting point, gazing 
fixedly out upon the ocean in an attitude of intense ex- 
pectation. A former race of fishermen avouched that her 
ghost was doomed to haunt those rocks until the last 
trump shall sound, and that the ancient graves to be 
found on the islands were tenanted by Blackbeard's men.* 

In the autobiography of the late Rear Admiral B. F. 
Sands, U. S. N., "From Reefer to Rear Admiral", he 
states that in 1838 he was employed on coast survey work, 
as were in turn all naval officers at that period, and 
"Whilst walking along the shore near Babylon (Long 
Island, N. Y.), as our work progressed, Mr. Renard and I 
were on one occasion amusing ourselves skipping flat 
pebbles into the sea, watching them as they glanced from 
ripple to ripple on the water, when just as I was about 
to launch one I felt it was unusually heavy, and curiosity 
made me examine it. After some little rubbing I found 
it to be a Spanish dollar of date 1700. The edge was 

*A somewhat more authentic naval conflict occurred during the 
■war of 1812 vfith Great Britain, vfhen the American privateer, 
"Governor Plummer," was captured near Jeffrey's Ledge by a British 
cruiser, the "Sir John Sherbrooke." The American had previous- 
ly made many captures. Off Newfoundland she sustained a hard 
fight with a vessel of twelve guns, sent out to take her. She also 
beat off six barges sent on the same errand. 



326 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

almost sharpened by friction on the sandy beaches. The 
discovery prevented the throwing of pebbles that had not 
been weighed and examined. That particular find was 
placed dans ma poche as a lucky piece, but unluckily it 
went, with a quantity of other silver, some years later, 
into the pocket of a burglar who helped himself to what 
I had. 

"On returning to camp with it that afternoon, it was 
held to be one of Captain Kidd's dollars, and the sight of 
it revived many stories of search for the pirate's hidden 
treasure, as it was claimed that this neighborhood was one 
of his favorite resorts. 

"One old fisherman told me of his grappling a bag of 
money with his tongs whilst fishing for oysters off the 
inlet ; that feeling something heavy and knowing that 
shell-fish could not be so weighty, he became excited as it 
was hauled near to the surface, and, finding its weight di- 
minishing, he quickened his movement, and giving a vig- 
orous jerk into the boat, found remaining in the teeth of 
his tongs only the tied end of an old canvas bag and two 
or three Spanish dollars. 

"He concluded that he had first gotten hold of a sack 
of Kidd's treasure, which had been thrown overboard upon 
approaching the coast in a boat in bad weather. He 
marked the place by bearings, and frequently repeated his 
search, but without the slightest success. 

"In this connection I will here relate an incident which 
occurred to Mr. Renard (Admiral Sand's chief in coast 
survey work) the following season. There was wild ex- 
citement in the papers of the day about a discovery of 
some of Kidd's treasure on the beach near Babylon by a 
countryman, who was walking along the beach after a gale, 
which was a common custom on this coast, in the hopes of 
picking up driftings from the sea. 

"He saw on a sand-hill half blown away by the gale 
some pieces of old canvas, which, upon inspection, proved 
to be bags with money scattered about, to secure which 
he hurried home, and, bringing a cart, carried off his 
treasure trove. Some of the neighbors got wind of it, 
and the whole region was up and out on the search, with 
no greater success than a few old silver dollars and canvas 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEB 327 

bags, which, however, but served to keep up the excite- 
ment for some months afterwards. 

"Mr. Renard, seeing the news in the papers, at once 
recognized from the description given that we had gone 
over the place in our survey ; so hiring a buggy he started 
for the locality, and, sure enough, it was that very hill 
upon which I had erected a signal for our survey. The 
hill having been partly blown away, showed where the 
treasure deposit was made, which was within three feet 
of the hole dug for the signal staff, which lay there upon 
the top of the hill. 

"In his letter to me telling of the fact, Mr. Renard ex- 
pressed his wonder that I had not placed my signal pole 
three feet nearer the hidden treasure, it being said that 
the lucky finder had carried away in his cart some fifteen 
thousand dollars. 

"... My detail this season (1839) was for the Atlan- 
tic coast of New Jersey below Long Branch, the latter 
part of the coast having been apportioned to my old friend 
and chief, Mr. Renard. 

"This part of the coast about Barnegat had gained a 
bad reputation, because of the frequent recurrence of 
wrecks there and the robberies and murders accompanying 
them. The wrecks were usually caused by false lights 
shown by the natives to lure vessels to their de- 
struction, when the whole neighborhood would turn out 
in force, robbing and maltreating the victims of their 
treachery without pity, their conduct bringing upon the 
inhabitants the odious name of Barnegat Pirates. 

"It was, therefore, deemed advisable for our two parties 
to keep together as much as possible, at least when near 
the most dangerous part of the coast, that we might have 
mutual protection in our numbers, not expecting to be 
treated as welcome visitors for many reasons. 

" . . . Our experience, however, was quite different 
from our anticipations, the people there keeping aloof 
from us altogether and in no wise troubling us." 

The inhabitants of Block Island, in the eighteenth cen- 
tury, also had an unenviable reputation as "wreckers", 
which has even been celebrated in a poem by Whittier. 
It is, nevertheless, but fair to say that the historian of 



328 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

Block Island, Rev. S. T. Livermore, after careful and 
prolonged researches, denies emphatically the cruel alle- 
gations as regards the islanders : 

"All this barbarous work is here charged upon a little 
population of as pure morals as ever adorned any part of 
Puritan New England. Let no one suppose that the poet 
(Whittier) was aware of misrepresentation and injustice 
to the islanders. He, like others, doubtless supposed that 
the piracy once common about Block Island was carried 
on by the inhabitants. But that was not the case. Pirates 
from abroad, near the beginning of the eighteenth century, 
infested the island, and as they sallied forth from this 
point upon our own and foreign vessels, they gave a repu- 
tation, probably, to the island which in nowise belonged 
to the descendants of the Pilgrims."* 

The pirate vessels "Ranger" and "Fortune" were 
headed for Block Island when captured by the colonial 
cruiser "Greyhound" in 1723. Twenty-six of the mem- 
bers of their crews were executed on Gravelly Point, at 
Newport, R. I., July 19th, 1723."f 

As late as 1740 the Rhode Island General Assembly 
voted an appropriation of <£13 13s. "for victuals and 
drink to the pirates at Block Island and their guards" ; 
and from the fact of keeping pirates as prisoners on the 
island, many abroad doubtless heard frequent mention of 
"Block Island pirates," without distinguishing them from 
the native citizens of the island. But in all these cases 
the pirates appear to have been foreigners to the island, 
lodging there only temporarily. 

In 1861, during the Civil war, Captain William Harwar 
Parker, C. S. N., was on duty at various places on the 
North Carolina coast. He says: "I used to hold long 
conversations with a pilot I met at the mouth of the 
Neuse river. He had passed his life on the sound (Pam- 
lico), and was a real old-fashioned fellow, a believer in 
signs and tokens. He told me of his many attempts to 
find the money buried by Teach the pirate. Teach fre- 
quented Pamlico Sound and used to lie at an island in it 

•"History of Block Island," by Rev. S. T. Livermore, A. M. 
•["Colonial Records of Rhode Island," Vol. IV, pp. 329-331. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEK 329 

from which he could watch Hatteras and Ocracoke Inlets. 

"I visited this island and every square foot of earth on 
it had had a spade in it in the search for Teach's money. 
Everybody hereabouts believed that Teach had buried a 
large amount of money somewhere on the shore of the 
sound. This pilot told me he had sometimes seen lights 
on the shore, which lights indicated the spot where the 
money was buried. The great point was to get to the 
place before the light was extinguished. 

"He said he had several times jumped into a boat and 
pulled for one, but unfortunately the light always disap- 
peared before he could reach the shore. 

"Such was the tale that was told to me 
By that shattered and battered son of the sea."* 

And so nearly the whole eastern coast line of the United 
States might be gone over. Much of it has traditions of 
pirate's hidden treasure, but it is to be doubted whether 
even a small proportion has been found in spite of the 
many persistent efforts to do so. 

From the "Compromise" of 1850 until the breaking 
out, in 1861, of the Civil war, the group of public men 
in the Southern States known as "fire-eaters" and often 
called "the Slave Power" by the northern press, while 
diligently striving to enlarge the field of their political 
power, were also mindful of a corresponding increase in 
the number of their human working tools. Many of these 
politicians openly urged upon their constituents the re- 
opening of the African slave trade in order to meet this 
want, and, according to them, bring to the South unend- 
ing prosperity. 

While it was evident that the spirit of the age would 
not permit of a legalized trade in African negroes, never- 
theless the result of this ceaseless agitation was that a 
large illicit foreign slave traffic sprang up, mainly under 
the American flag, and in vessels built, owned and 
equipped in American ports. 

The North will, also, have to assume equal blame with 
the South in this nefarious business, for, while it must be 

•"Recollections of a Naval Officer," by Capt. William Harwar 
Parker, C. S. N. 



830 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

acknowledged that the smuggling in of negroes at certain 
points of the southern coast was comparatively easy, and, 
public opinion in that section being largely in its favor, 
the risk, even if the slavers were detected, was not great, 
still it must be admitted that a majority of the ves- 
sels employed in this trade, their owners and masters, all 
belonged in New England. 

Since the abolition of the foreign slave trade in 1808, 
the bringing in of African negroes to the United States 
constituted a case of piracy according to the federal laws, 
and so the story of the last few shiploads of blacks 
brought to our shores is not, it would seem, out of place 
in this little volume. It may astonish some of our readers 
to know that as late as 1862 a native of the State of Maine 
was hung in the city of New York for piracy, the result 
of his being caught red-handed in a bold attempt to slip 
in a large cargo of negroes. The New York Herald, in 
the summer of 1860, published an estimate that "from 
thirty to forty slavers are fitted out every year, in New 
York, Boston, Bristol, R. I., Portland, Me., and other 
eastern ports ; but New York and Boston are the favorite 
places, from the fact that the operations of the traders can 
be carried on with less risk of detection. Comparatively 
a limited number are captured on the coast of Africa, and 
those that are so captured are taken by British cruisers, 
while but few fall into the hands of the United States 
squadron. 

A New York correspondent of the Charleston, S. C, 
Mercury, said, in its issue of Aug. 15th, 1860, "That it is 
no exaggeration to state that a dozen or twenty slavers 
leave New York annually. These facts have recently 
come to my knowledge ... It is not possible for any 
one person to know the whole extent of the business, but 
some things cannot be kept secret and are well known to 
many. ... I know of two ladies, now attracting adora- 
tion at a fashionable watering place, who invested in a 
little venture of this kind not long ago, and, as a result, 
have augmented their bank accounts — one to the extent 
of $23,000, and the other 116,000. The headquarters of 
the traffic in this city (New York), are mainly in South, 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 331 

William, Broad and Water streets. Two vessels are now 
fitting out here for the business." 

A few days later the New York Herald claimed to have 
"information that no less than six vessels have left New 
York for the African coast within the past fortnight, all 
of which expect to have negroes for their return cargoes." 

Among these latter day slavers the best known and the 
one standing out most prominently in the public eye was 
the schooner "Wanderer." She had, it was said, been orig- 
inally designed and intended for a yacht, and was built at 
Setauket, Long Island,by James Rowland, in 1857, largely 
on the plan of the famous "America", the cup defender, 
although the "Wanderer" was somewhat larger, measur- 
ing 260 tons register, 105 feet in length, 26 feet beam. 
June, 1857, saw the launch of the future slaver, and 
shortly after she is said to have made a trip from New 
Orleans to New York in nine days. Since the days of the 
"Red Rover", that weird roamer of the seas, it is doubtful 
if any vessel so vividly aroused public interest as the so- 
called yacht"Wanderer", for it may be stated that there is 
grave reason to doubt if she ever quite deserved the in- 
nocent prefix to her name. 

When she first arrived in New York harbor she was 
looked on as a model yacht, but very soon her mysterious 
proceedings attracted the attention of U. S. Marshal Isaiah 
Rynders, who was snubbed by many persons for what they 
considered his officious meddling in arresting her. The 
"Wanderer" was then lost sight of for several months 
(the schooner's whole career is naturally shrouded in ob- 
scurity), when she suddenly turned up in a southern port, 
having landed a large and valuable cargo of slaves at 
an obscure part of the Georgia coast.* 

Such were the profits arising from this illicit traffic that 
a vessel often paid for itself twice over in one voyage. 
It was estimated that there were then about forty American 
vessels engaged in the foreign slave trade. These, it was 
calculated,shipped 600 negroes each from theAfrican coast, 
of whom 500 were landed at the port of destination. Al- 

*When the author passed some time at Mobile, Ala., in 1914, sev- 
eral old and uncouth negroes were pointed out to him as having 
been landed near Mobile by the "Wanderer." 



332 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

lowing $ 3000 for each vessel for brokerage and commis- 
sion from the port whence she sailed ; $4000 on each vessel 
for officers and men, $15 a head for the purchase of negroes 
on the African coast, and -$42 to secure the landing of 
each negro at the port of delivery, the whole cost came 
up to $1,467,000. Twenty thousand negroes, at $500 
each, would produce $10,000,000, a clear profit of 
$9,524,000, or upon two voyages a year, more than 
$17,000,000. 

While on the African coast the "Wanderer" fell in with 
a British cruiser, and with characteristic coolness the 
slaver's captain hoisted the New York Yacht Club flag, 
and entertained the British officers in lavish style, respond- 
ing to the toast given by one of these officers in honor of 
the club, in a speech of considerable ability and impu- 
dence. Little did the jolly mariners of England dream 
that they were accessories before the fact to an infamous 
violation of the laws of God and man. After her Afri- 
can voyage, the "Wanderer" again changed hands and 
was bought by a Mr. Lamar of Georgia, who entered, it 
was said, into an agreement to re-sell her to one "Cap- 
tain" Martin. 

About the middle of October, 1859, Martin "stole" the 
"Wanderer", so it was pretended, and went to sea without 
papers, intending to go to Africa for another freight of 
human beings. Lamar, the owner, pursued a little way 
in a steamboat, but undoubtedly by preconcert without 
success, for the so-called "theft" had probably been ar- 
ranged between the owner and the "thief" as an easy and 
shrewd way of getting the schooner to sea without the 
trouble and risk of custom house preliminaries, and of 
securing to the owner a pretext for reclaiming her with- 
out even the trifling cost of a sham purchase should she 
fall into hands unfriendly to her. 

The crew, it seems from subsequent events, knew 
nothing of her destination till they were out at sea, and 
most of them went on unwillingly after learning it. 

On Nov. 22d, 1859, when near the Canaries, the cap- 
tain taking four men with him in a boat, boarded a French 
vessel which they had met to obtain a supply of provis- 
ions. The rest of the crew seized the opportunity to es- 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 333 

cape, set all sail and steered for Boston, where they ar- 
rived on Dec. 24th, bringing also with them two Portu- 
guese women, whom the captain had decoyed on board at 
one of the Azores and carried off with the intention of 
exchanging them in Africa for negroes. 

On their arrival at Boston the crew of the "Wanderer" 
surrendered the vessel to the United States authorities, 
and legal proceedings were begun against her as a slaver. 
She was also libelled by the crew for their wages, and by 
persons who had furnished her with supplies for their re- 
spective dues. Lamar, on hearing of the arrival of his 
ship, made formal demand for her, offering in support of 
his claim the copy of an indictment in the United States 
Circuit Court for the district of Georgia against the late 
master for piratically running away with her. After a 
long hearing and an appeal by counsel for the govern- 
ment, the "Wanderer" was restored to Lamar, on his 
giving bond for $5940 to abide the final decision of the 
court in her case. 

The Boston Iranseript for March 5th, 1860, contained 
the following account of the court proceedings : 

** 'Wanderer'. — This notorious vessel is now riding at 
anchor in the stream, ready for the sea, the admiration of 
all who behold her tasteful model and beautiful propor- 
tions. The 'Wanderer' has been surrendered to her 
owner, Mr. Lamar, of Savannah, under a bond of $5000, 
to abide by the decision of the court in her case, which is 
soon to be tried. In the meantime she is in the hands of 
Capt. C. R. Moore, one of our most experienced and 
worthy shipmasters, who takes her to Savannah. She i& 
cleared by E. D. Brigham and Co." 

The "Wanderer" returned to Savannah, but her career 
afterwards, as has been mentioned, was a good deal of a 
mystery, and naturally so. It has been stated that during 
the early months of the Civil war she was armed and 
became part of the "Georgia State Navy," which was to 
protect the coast of this "sovereign state from the incur- 
sions of the Yankees." 

Still another account has it that the "Wanderer" was 
used as a revenue cutter at Pensacola and was afterwards 
in the cocoanut trade between the southern ports of the 



334 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

United States and the West Indies, and that eventually 
she was wrecked on Cape Henry. Her owner, while she 
was a slaver, Lamar, was killed in the last battle of the 
Civil war, at Columbus, Ga., April 16th, 1865. 

By 1859 the maritime commerce of Salem had sensibly 
declined, overshadowed as it was by New York and Bos- 
ton. The foreign trade indeed had almost ceased to exist, 
and, therefore, one could hardly imagine a worst place to 
fit out a vessel for a slaving voyage. Secrecy, the prime 
necessity and of the first importance for carrying on such 
operations was practically impossible in a small seaport 
where everyone knew each other and which was notori- 
ously full of marine "loafers." Yet in that same year the 
New York and Boston papers reported that there were 
two vessels in Salem fitting out for the slave trade. As 
may be imagined, these articles created quite a sensation, 
which resulted in a semi-humorous editorial in the Salem 
Register of August 11th, 1859. 

"Slavers Fitting Out at Salem. 

"The New York Times has the following special de- 
spatch, dated Boston, Aug. 7 : 'There are at this time 
two vessels fitting out at Salem, in this State, for the 
slave trade on the coast of Africa. The principals in the 
affair are a Spanish firm in New York; and the pecuniary 
equipment of the vessels has just been forwarded, in the 
form of nearly $20,000 in hard specie. If the govern- 
ment really wishes to stop this infamous trade, it must 
look North as well as South, and to these small New Eng- 
land ports, as well as New York and New Orleans. There 
will be no difficulty in identifying the craft at Salem, 
and this is not the first instance in the last three months.' 

Immediately upon the receipt of the above startling 
information, we despatched, after the most approved fash- 
ion of the New York and Boston press, a corps of special 
reporters to every quarter of the city, with explicit in- 
structions to burrow in every dock and explore every 
cove, inlet, outlet, mill stream, sluice-way, and brook, 
leading in or out of, or any wise connected with the waters 
of the harbor, and to ferret out the infernal slaver, or 
perish in the attempt. The most keen-sighted of the 



BY FBANC1S B. C. BKADLZE 835 

experts was furnished with a pair of seven league boots, 
and the way he streaked it down town, notebook in pocket 
and pencil whittled to the sharpest kind of a point, in 
hand, was a caution to the Custom House loafers, who 
were balancing themselves on the hind legs of their chairs, 
enjoying their siesta and dreaming of their next quarter 
day. His progress was a sight to behold. 

Since the days of John Gilpin, with the exception of 
the ever memorable 'gallopade' of President Polk and 
Secretary (now President) Buchanan through the streets 
of Salem in 1847, urged on by the forty oath power of 
Marshal Barnes — no such specimen of go-aheadtiveness 
has been manifested as was exhibited by our Corypheus 
of reporters on this occasion. . . . 

The first approach to discovery was made at Phillips 
wharf, where our reporter was 'sure he'd got 'em.' His 
attention was rivetted on this locality from the moment 
that he saw several twig-looking vessels apparently 'well 
found', and about which there was no little bustle. Ever 
and anon, from a distance, he saw large quantities of 
round, shining black bodies hoisted up from the vessel's 
hold and dumped in great haste into freight cars on the 
wharf alongside. . . . 

Imagine his 'f eelinks', then, when he found what he had 
supposed to be darkies in the act of landing to be nothing 
more than lumps of good, honest, Pennsylvania anthracite ! 
Somewhat sobered by this rebuff, his drooping spirits were 
revived by soon seeing another sight. . . . 

At Webb's wharf, sure enough, were some mysterious 
looking craft which certainly required overhauling. Sun- 
dry long, low, black-looking hulls, partially dismantled, 
apparently a little the worse for wear. . . . these sorry 
looking old hulls, we say, afforded to our reporter ample 
grounds for suspicion, and thither he hurried, but also 
only to find . . . that, vulgarly speaking, he had smelled 
a 'mice' of the largest kind. . . . 

But, seriously, somebody has been 'sold'. There are 
some half a dozen of the regular African traders lying 
at the wharves, although not one ... is justly liable to 
suspicion. When a vessel does fit away at Salem for the 
slave trade, we venture to predict that it will not escape 



336 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

the lynx-eyed observation of the habitues of the wharves. 

In spite of the preceding article, there was at this time 
in the slave trade a vessel which had been wholly or par- 
tially owned in Salem — the celebrated clipper ship "Night- 
ingale." Nor must mention be omitted of the brig "Mary 
Pauline", 172 tons, built at Hartford, Connecticut, in 
1833. Under the name of "Lalla Rooke" this vessel had 
been a well known slaver, but unfortunately no record of 
her as such can be found. In 1843 she was registered 
from Salem, Henry E. Jenks, Charles Hoffman, Osgood 
Dunlap, owners ; Neal P. Heweson, master. During the 
year 1845 the "Mary Pauline" was lost at sea while on a 
voyage to Africa. 

The "Nightingale" (named for Jenny Lind, the cele- 
brated Swedish singer, and her figurehead was a beauti- 
fully made bust of her), was built at Portsmouth, N. H., 
by Samuel Hanscom, in 1851. She was 174 feet long, 
36 feet beam, and registered 1066 tons. For some weeks 
before she was launched the following advertisement ap- 
peared in the Boston papers : "For London direct from 
Commercial wharf. The new clipper ship 'Nightingale' 
will positively sail Aug. 1, for the purpose of conveying 
visitors to the Crystal Palace (the First World's Fair) 
Exhibition in London, and back to the United States. The 
vessel has been built and fitted up expressly for this ex- 
cursion and affords exceptional accommodations." 

The "Nightingale" arrived at Boston, from Portsmouth, 
July 19th, 1851, under command of Captain Yeaton, and 
he and Hon. Ichabod Goodwin of Portsmouth remained 
agents of the vessel until Oct. 18th, when she was regis- 
tered in the name of Sampson and Tappan of Boston. 

Captain Arthur H. Clark, author of the "Clipper Ship 
Era", to whom the author is indebted for a portion of the 
facts relating to the "Nightingale", says : "That in addi- 
tion to her elaborate passenger fittings for carrying tour- 
ists to the London World Fair, the ship carried a mechan- 
ic's lien of 131,500, which Sampson and Tappan were 
obliged to liquidate, in addition to the $43,500 they paid 
for the 'Nightingale', but as it turned out, she was a 
cheap ship at that, and made a large sum of money for 
her owners." 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 337 

Just before she left Boston on her first voyage, the Bos- 
ton Traveller mentioned the "Nightingale" as follows : 
"Naval architecture in perfection of model can go no fur- 
ther. . . . Thoroughly bolted and coppered throughout, 
well found in boats and tackle, cabin containing ten state- 
rooms, instead of berths, ladies' cabin with eight state- 
rooms, water tank holding 4500 gallons of water, and 
accommodations for 250 passengers." 

Sampson and Tappan ran her in the Australian and 
California trades,where freights were in the early 50's very 
high, until 1859, when the "Nightingale" changed hands, 
and a part of her later career, when a slaver, is necessarily 
somewhat obscure, as her owners during that period would 
obviously shun publicity. 

Captain Clark says of her: "She was sold to a firm in 
Salem (it may be stated, however, that the "Nightingale" 
was never registered from Salem, but that does not in the 
least prevent her having been owned in that city), who 
sent her to Rio Janeiro, intending to run her in the coffee 
trade, but she was sold to a Brazilian, who used her as a 
slaver, and she landed a cargo of Africans on the coast of 
Brazil prior to her capture by a United States man-of-war. 

"Assuming this story to be correct, it would appear that 
when the 'Nightingale' became the property of a Bra- 
zilian she was legally under the Brazilian flag, but it by 
no means follows that she did not obtain a United States 
register, which was a valuable asset. Nothing could be 
more simple, and, as a matter of fact, it is exactly what 
it appears did happen. Bowen (her legal captain at this 
period) was made the dummy owner, consignee, and 
captain, and is so registered in the American Lloyds, 
while one Cortina was the real captain, who represented 
the actual owners, which accounts for his presence on 
board the 'Nightingale' when she was captured."* It is 
a fact worth noting that the "Nightingale" was registered 

*A common trick practiced by slaving ships at this period, espec- 
ially those under the American flag, was to carry two crews and two 
sets of officers, American and foreign, generally Spanish or Portu- 
guese. If captured by an American man-of-war, it would be 
claimed that the ship, officers and crew were foreign, the Americans 
being merely passengers; if captured by the British, the opposite 
claim would be made. 



338 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

as belonging to the port of New York ; nevertheless, 
Bowen does not seem to have considered it necessary to 
paint out "Boston," which was on her stern when cap- 
tured. 

The Salem Gazette for June 18th, 1861, relates the 
capture of the "Nightingale" as follows, and its account 
of the ship's career before her seizure varies considerably 
from that of Captain Clark's, yet bears every mark of 
accuracy. This knotty question is left for our readers to 
decide for themselves. 

"Capture of a Slaver: The slave ship 'Nightingale' 
was brought into New York on Saturday, in charge of 
Lieut. J. J. Guthrie, U. S. N., and a prize crew from the 
U. S. sloop-of-war 'Saratoga'. The 'Nightingale' was 
captured April 23d (1861), off Kabenda, W. C. A., by 
the 'Saratoga', having on board 950 negroes. She was 
taken into Monrovia, where the cargo was put on shore, 
and 272 men, 97 women, 340 boys, and 92 girls, making 
a total of 801, 160 having died on the passage from Ka- 
benda. The 'Nightingale' is a clipper ship of 1100 tons 
burthen, built at Portsmouth, N. H., and intended for the 
Transatlantic or Australian passenger trade, but as her 
builders did not fulfill their contract, she passed into other 
hands. She sailed from New York Sept. 13th, 1860, with 
a load of grain for Liverpool, and arrived there Oct. 6th, 
where she discharged cargo, and was up for the East 
Indies. She sailed from Liverpool Dec. 2d, and on the 
14th of January, 1861, anchored at the island of St. 
Thomas (W. C. A.). On the 22d of January she was 
boarded off Congo by H. B. M. 'Archer' and the U. S. S. 
'Mystic', when she proceeded up the Congo river and re- 
mained there until the 1st of April, when she was fallen 
in with by the 'Saratoga' and boarded, and her papers 
found all right. She was allowed to proceed, but on the 
23d of April was captured as above. The captain (Fran- 
cis Bowen), the Spanish supercargo, and the cabin servant 
made their escape from the vessel the night previous to 
her sailing from Kabenda, a portion of the crew having 
previously escaped in the boats. Those that did not es- 
cape were transferred to the 'Saratoga' and shipped for 
the service." 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 339 

In the "Life of Commodore George Hamilton Perkins, 
U. S. N.", by Carroll Storrs Alden, is another account of 
the "Nightingale's" earlier career as a slaver, which 
formed part of a letter written home by the Commodore, 
then Acting Master, of the U. S. steamer "Sumter": 

"April 15, 1860. The clipper ship 'Nightingale', of 
Salem, shipped a cargo of 2000 negroes and has gone 
clear with them. If she gets them to Havana they will 
bring, on an average, $600 apiece ; so you can calculate 
how much money will be made on her. The 'Nightingale' 
is a powerful clipper, and is the property of her captain, 
Bowen, who is called the Prince of Slavers. The first 
time I was up the Congo the 'Sumter' went up fifteen 
miles after a slaver under his command, called the 'Sul- 
tana'. We found the barque 'Sultana' and the brig 
'Kibby', with their slave decks all laid and everything 
ready for cargo. 

"We examined both ships and detained one for three 
days ; then our captain let her go, declaring against every 
proof that there was nothing in the ship but what was in 
her manifest. Of course these ships at once filled up with 
slaves and calmly sailed off — there was no escape about 
it. 

"With the money Bowen made from the sale of those 
slaves he has purchased the 'Nightingale', one of the 
fastest clippers known. When I saw Bowen in command 
of the 'Sultana' he was living very luxuriously ; every- 
thing in his cabin had elegance, and everything about his 
career was as nearly as possible like that of the romantic 
pirates and slave captains who are introduced into novels. 
Our vessels cruise very little now after slavers. The cap- 
tains think it useless under existing laws." 

It is understood that Captain Bowen, the owner of the 
"Nightingale", above referred to, unlike Captain Gordon 
and most of the other latter-day slavers, kept the fortune 
he had made, and when there was no longer a profitable 
market for slaves, turned his attention to hotel keeping 
in Aspinwall, Central America, and was flourishing there 
when last heard of. 

After her seizure the "Nightingale" was condemned 
and sold as a prize in New York and was bought by the 



340 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

government for $13,000. She was placed in charge of 
Acting Master D. B. Horn, and attached to the South At- 
lantic blockading squadron. Two light guns were mount- 
ed on her, but she served as a coal ship. From 1861 to 
1864 she served alternately as a coal ship, ordnance ship, 
and a dispatch boat, and in 1864 was ordered to New York 
for repairs. 

At the end of the war the "Nightingale" was again 
employed in the China and California trades, and in 1871 
on a voyage from New York to San Francisco, she put 
into the Falkland Islands, leaky, with her crew in a state 
of mutiny, one of whom had stabbed her chief mate to 
death. In 1876 the old ship again changed hands at the 
Merchants Exchange in San Francisco, for $11,000. Her 
purchaser, George Howes, loaded her with oil and sent 
her to New York, where she was sold for $1 5,0 00 to 
Norwegian owners, and all further trace of her disap- 
pears. 

In the early 1840's a company of shipbuilders, several 
of them being Essex County men, left New England and 
settled at Marietta, Ohio, where they engaged in the busi- 
ness of building western river steamboats. Between 
whiles they also constructed several square-rigged vessels, 
which were floated [towed] down the Ohio and Missis- 
sippi rivers and proved to be good sea-boats, even if they 
were put together thousands of miles from salt water. 
One of these rather unique craft, the brig "Ohio," 143 
tons, built at Marietta in 1847, and for many years owned 
and registered in Salem, was, while on a trading voyage to 
the west coast of Africa, in 1848, very strongly suspected 
of being a slaver. 

The late Rear Admiral Benjamin F. Sands, U. S. N., in 
his memoirs, "From Reefer to Rear Admiral," refers as 
follows to the "Ohio" (pp. 195-196): "The 26th of 
November (1848) saw us off the coast in company with 
the schooner (brig) 'Ohio', upon which suspicion had 
fallen as being a 'slaver'. 

"Our captain used to sit all day with the darkies on 
shore, listening to their tales of the slave-dealers, and 
under their information believed that every vessel flying 
the 'stars and stripes' was engaged in aiding and abetting 
the slave-dealers. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 341 

"It was now suspected that the 'Ohio' was to carry 
the famed adventurer and slave-dealer, Captain Theodore 
Canot (whose career, so successful in his nefarious busi- 
ness, which made him for many years a prominent man on 
that coast) from the Colony to Gallinas, where he had a 
'factory' full of slaves. 

"I went on board and examined her papers and hold, 
but found nothing to excite suspicion except the fact, 
which the captain admitted, that he was to take Canot as 
a passenger and drop him at Gallinas en route to Sierra 
Leone. He explained he had no right to question his 
passenger as to his business. 

"Captain Gordon said that he would watch him, and if 
he landed that old slave-trader at Gallinas he would seize 
the vessel as a prize and send her to the States. So off 
we went on another wild goose chase. 

"The 'Ohio' was built at Marietta in February, and 
came out to this coast as a trader. On the night of the 
28th of November, in a squall, we lost sight of the 'Ohio', 
which we were watching, but in the morning sighted a 
stranger, a saucy-looking schooner, and fired a shot to 
make her 'heave to' or show her flag. . . . We armed a 
couple of boats about nine o'clock and 1 was off in pur- 
suit in the first cutter, the doctor having charge of the 

gig n . a 

"I took possession of her . . . and found a Brazilian nag 

in the rigging. 1 found, however, that she had everything 
in readiness for her occupation as a slaver ; the slave deck 
was laid, coppers in place, some forty or fifty water casks 
filled, etc., etc. ... So we lost sight of Canot, who soon 
afterwards, finding the English and American governments 
in earnest, gave up the slave traffic and reformed. A nar- 
rative of his eventful career was published from his own 
notes in 1854 by Brantz Mayer." 

At this time the future Rear Admiral Sands was serv- 
ing in the West African squadron as executive officer of 
the U. S. brig "Porpoise", 12 guns, in charge of Comman- 
der Gordon. This vessel (built at the Boston Navy Yard 
in 1836) afterwards achieved the melancholy distinction 
of being one of the few U. S. men-of-war put down as 
"missing." 



342 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

On September 21st, 1854, she and the sloop-of-war 
"Vincennes" left Hong Kong to survey certain islands in 
the MalayArchipelago; a few days later a severe gale came 
up, and the "Porpoise" was never heard of. She proba- 
bly capsized, as did the U. S. brig "Sorners", off Vera 
Cruz during the Mexican war. There existed a strong 
prejudice against these brigs in the navy, as they were 
considered crank and top-heavy. The picture of the 
"Porpoise" reproduced in this book is from the original 
oil painting of her in the author's collection. 

The first schooner "Porpoise", which saw so much ser- 
vice against the West Indian pirates, is often confused 
with her namesake mentioned above, but was a totally 
different vessel. She was bought by the Navy Depart- 
ment at Portsmouth, N. H., in 1820, measured 198 tons, 
and carried 12 guns. 

Soon after the "Nightingale's" capture by the U. S. S. 
"Saratoga", previously mentioned, several of her officers, 
together with others connected with the slave trade, were 
indicted for piracy (then a capital offence), according to 
the following article reproduced from the New York Illus- 
trated News for March 15th, 1862. Captain Gordon, 
mentioned in the article, had been found guilty and hung, 
of whom more will be said further on, and that seems to 
have satisfied the "ends of justice," for all the other slavers 
had their cases placed on file. 

"The following persons are indicted for serving in the 
slave trade : Samuel B. Hayens, first mate of the 'Night- 
ingale'; Bradley Winslow, second mate of the same vessel ; 
William H. Byrnes, master of the barque 'W. L. Kibby'; 
Morgan Fredericks, first mate of the 'Cora' ; Erastus H. 
Booth, master of the 'Buckeye' ; George Garnett, first 
mate of the same vessel ; Henry C. Crawford, master of 
the ship 'City of Norfolk' ; William Warren, first mate, 
and David Hall, second mate of the 'Erie', under com- 
mand of the late Captain Gordon. 

"Should any of these men be found guilty of the capi- 
tal offence and. sentenced to death, will they be hung ? To 
make an exception in favor of either would be to admit 
that Gordon was unjustly executed, and to execute them 
all would be regarded as an outrage on humanity. This 



BY FKANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 343 

is one of those cases in which a horror of capital punish- 
ment induces a jury to acquit. Perhaps the lilliputian 
Dracas, who cry 'Death ! Death !' will reflect a little." 

Although the United States had been the nation to 
found Liberia, the state for freed negroes, our government 
had shown gross negligence in enforcing the laws against 
the slave trade. 

From 1808, when the importation of slaves became 
illegal, till 1842, this country did practically nothing to 
suppress it ; for the next seventeen or eighteen years, al- 
though American ships of war were sent regularly to the 
African coast, the perfunctory efforts accomplished but 
little. 

On the other hand, Great Britain and other European 
countries, particularly France, had exhibited considerable 
vigilance in seizing vessels of their respective nations 
engaged in the nefarious business. 

Vice-Admiral Jurien de la Graviere, the well known 
French naval commander, in his "La Marine D'Autre- 
fois," says that when he first entered the navy (1829), 
some of the French men-of-war had serving on board many 
members of the crews of ex-slavers, whose penalty on 
being caught was a three years' term of service in the 
navy. 

As has been stated before, the decade following 1850 
saw a great increase in the illicit slave trade to the United 
States. According to Stephen A. Douglas, more slaves 
were imported in 1859 than in any year previous, not 
excluding the time when the traffic was legal ; he estimated 
the number to be not less than 15,000. Most of our naval 
officers ordered to the African coast, well aware of the 
sentiment prevailing in governmental circles in Washing- 
ton, were not over zealous in their patrol duty and would 
send in a prize only when the proofs were scarcely less 
than absolute. Even in these few cases the offending 
captains and their ships were released on bond, and the 
trials were long postponed. Whenever a man was con- 
victed, the executive found some reason for not carrying 
out the sentence. 

It was not until Mr. Lincoln was inaugurated that un- 
compromising suppression of the slave <rade began and 



344 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

that an offender (Captain Gordon, previously mentioned), 
suffered the full penalty — hanging. 

Meanwhile, during the fifties, since the United States 
often embarrassed the American offenders and France and 
Great Britain vigorously prosecuted all those flying her 
flag, the misery attending the slave traffic became inten- 
sified. Traders could not afford to wait for a favorable 
tide or calm, but when a speck appeared on the horizon 
suspected to be the sail of a man-of-war, would crowd the 
negroes into canoes and proceed to loading. When the 
canoes were caught in the surf, some of the blacks were 
drowned and others were devoured by sharks. This 
meant a money loss, but the shipmaster could afford it if 
he secured a moderate sized cargo and succeeded in es- 
caping. That the slaves might be shipped at an hour's 
notice they were herded together in barracoons at various 
points on the shore. Small pox and contagious fevers 
frequently broke out, whereupon the sick would often be 
poisoned, drowned, or shot, that the epidemic might be 
checked. 

Troubles as bad or worse followed when the negroes 
were crowded between decks on ships, where death from 
the exhaustion of fresh water, as well as from epidemics, 
frequently occurred. To maintain the supply of slaves 
on the coast, to be traded for and shipped, the fiercer 
tribes kept up a constant warfare ; they made frequent 
raids, destroying villages, and bringing back hundreds of 
men, women and children. In exchange for slaves they 
received guns, merchandise of various kinds, and cheap 
rum. 

The last demoralized the whole coast, and to the blacks 
of all kinds was irresistible. Although President Bu- 
chanan's administration, like the preceding ones, was re- 
miss in dealing with this problem, Congress had become 
aroused by the cruelties and gross violations of law report- 
ed, and required that a more vigorous policy be insti- 
tuted. 

In 1859, in place of three or four heavy sailing frigates, 
ill adapted for the service, several small steamers were 
sent out. These were the "Sumter", "Mystic", and 
"Crusader", propellers of about 500 tons each, and carry- 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BBADLEE 345 

ing a few light guns. The Navy Department had pur- 
chased them especially for this service from the merchant 
marine, where they had been known as the "Atlanta", 
"Memphis", and "Southern Star". 

Of all the American naval officers stationed on the West 
African coast during the last years of the nefarious slave 
traffic, probably the most zealous was Commander, after- 
wards Rear Admiral, Andrew Hull Foote, previously 
mentioned in connection with his services against the West 
Indian pirates. Before Foote's time it had been the custom 
for the men-of-war to stand in near the coast and attempt 
to catch the slavers in the act of embarking their living 
cargoes. He, however, thought that by cruising one 
hundred or more miles off shore, there was as much, if 
not more chance to capture the "traders", as they called 
themselves, where they least suspected danger. 

Suiting the action to the word, Commander Foote, then 
in charge of the brig-of-war "Perry", changed his cruising 
ground, at the same time disguising as far as was possible 
his vessel, so that she appeared to be a merchantman. 

His plan soon met with success, for on June 6th, 1850, 
he captured the full-rigged ship "Martha", of New York, 
one of the largest slavers on the coast. Commander Foote 
sent her back to the United States, in charge of a prize 
crew, and the "Martha" was seized and condemned, a feat 
hitherto very difficult of accomplishment, for the slavers 
generally were furnished with two sets of papers, one of 
them Brazilian, and when close pressed the American 
documents were thrown overboard, as was done in this 
case, but they were picked up before they were even 
soaked through. 

Is is doubtful, however, if Commander Foote's zeal was 
smiled upon in high quarters, for soon afterwards he was 
recalled on some pretext, but he has left a most interesting 
record of his experiences in "Africa and the American 
Flag" (New York, 1854), a book which really did a great 
deal towards opening the eyes of the complacent public 
to the abominable traffic going on under the Stars and 
Stripes. Those who wish to read of the enormities and 
barbarous cruelty of the last years of the slave trade can- 
not do better than read this volume ; the subject is large, 



346 THE SUPPRESSION OP PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

so large that all the author has attempted to do is to men- 
tion a few of the best known latter day slavers, a com- 
plete list of these so-called "traders", if obtainable, would, 
of itself, fill a small sized-book. 

Among the many "deep water" sea captains hailing 
from Marblehead in the last half of the nineteenth century 
perhaps one of the best known was Captain Michael 
Gregory, one of four brothers, all of whom were ship- 
masters. Captain "Mike", as the former was generally 
called, sailed for a firm named Napier, Johnson & Co., of 
New York, who had built for him the extreme clipper 
ship "Sunny South", 703 tons register. She was always 
considered one of the prettiest ships ever launched, and 
was the only sailing vessel built by the celebrated George 
Steers, the designer of the yacht "America", U. S. steam 
frigate "Niagara", and the Collins line steamer "Adri- 
atic". 

The "Sunny South" was built for the China trade and 
launched at Williamsburg, Sept. 7th, 1854. It is a singu- 
lar fact that while this ship was well known to possess 
great speed when in company with other clippers, yet she 
never made a passage worthy of being recorded, neither 
was she a successful ship financially. 

In 1859 the "Sunny South" was sold at Havana and 
her name was changed to "Emanuela". Havana and Rio 
Janeiro were well known as the two principal ports where 
slavers were bought, sold and fitted out. The next we 
hear of the "Emanuela" was on August 10, 1860, when 
she was seized by H. B. M. S. "Brisk" in the Mozambique 
channel, flying the Chilian flag, and with a cargo of 850 
slaves packed on board. 

Her chase and capture was described as follows : "At 
11.30 A. M. on the 10th of August last, as H. B. M. 
'Brisk', Captain De Horsey, bearing the flag of Rear Ad- 
miral the Hon. Sir Henry Keppel, K. C. B., was running 
to the northward in the Mozambique Channel, a sail was 
reported as seen from the masthead. Steam was got up 
without delay and sail made in chase. 

"It being hazy, the stranger was shortly lost sight of. 
When the weather had partially cleared the stranger was 
reported four points on the starboard bow, and the ship's 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BKADLEE 347 

course altered in that direction. We were now going 111-2 
knots, and the captain, feeling that it must be something 
out of the common that would alter bearings at that dis- 
tance in so short a time, proceeded himself with his glass 
to the foretopmast head, officers mounting the rigging. 

"That a general excitement prevailed was evident from 
the manner in which our sails were trimmed, taken in, 
and set again. Hottentots and landsmen, who on other 
occasions only looked at ropes, now laid hold of them with 
a will. The captain's order from the masthead to keep 
away two points showed that he had observed something 
suspicious — in fact he had noticed a sudden alteration of 
the chase, and pronounced her to be a long, rakish-looking 
ship, too large to be a slaver, but thought there was some- 
thing very suspicious in the sudden alteration of her course, 
her crowd of sail, . . . 

"On closing under her lee, and when within a cable's 
length, a white package was thrown from her side into the 
sea, and the experienced then exclaimed, 'A slaver, and 
there goes her papers !' A few minutes more, and we 
sheered up alongside to leeward of as beautiful model of 
a ship as ever was seen. ... It was an anxious five 
minutes to those on the 'Brisk' while our boats were 
away. A small white British ensign run up at her peak 
showed that she was a prize, and a voice hailed us, 'Eight 
hundred and fifty slaves on board ! ' " 

The Boston Advertiser for March 20th, 1856, contained 
the following article: 

"The 'Falmouth', a new little fore and aft schooner of 
200 tons, was seized by the U. S. marshal at New York, 
suspected of being a slaver. The crew were Spanish and 
could not speak a word of English. The 'Falmouth' was 
fitted up with all the appurtenances of a regular slaver ; 
her ownership remains a mystery." 

According to the "History of the American Slave 
Trade," by John R. Spears, the "Falmouth" (which he 
describes as a brig, but the same vessel mentioned in the 
Advertiser is evidently meant, moreover the picture of 
her proves conclusively that her rig was that of a schoon- 
er), made three voyages as a slaver, from 1856 to 1861 ; 
she was caught each time, but at the U. S. marshal's sale 



348 THE SUPPRESSION OP PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

was as often "bid in" and continued on the "even tenor 
of her ways." The last time the "Falmouth'" was seized 
her owners are given as George H. Leinas and William 
Watts. 

Once a vessel became a slaver it would seem that it was 
hard for her to shake off her bad name, even though she 
might have been for years engaged in lawful trade. An 
interesting case in question was that of the brig "C. H. 
Jordan". This peculiarly built craft was a very old 
vessel, large for her rig (she measured between 400 and 
500 tons register), originally built in and belonging to 
Barcelona, Spain. In 1859 she was picked up, a derelict, 
off St. Thomas, by a Provincetown whaler, and brought 
into Provincetown. 

She had no flag or papers. Everything by which she 
could be identified had been destroyed. There were slave 
shackles on board, lumber for slave-decks, a large number 
of water casks, and all the fittings of a slaver ; she was 
seized and condemned as such by the U. S. authorities, 
and sold at auction to Mr. Charles W. Adams, a Boston 
sbip broker. He in turn sold one-quarter interest in the 
"Jordan" to Captain John D. Whidden of Marblehead — 
at the time the present lines are being written Captain 
Whidden, who now lives in California, is believed to be 
the very last survivor of the old-time Marblehead "deep 
water" shipmasters.* As the brig was Captain Whidden's 
first command, he naturally took great interest in and 
was very proud of her. 

During his ownership and command of the "C. H. 
Jordan" she was engaged in the lumber trade between 
the United States and South American ports, and in his 
interesting book, "Ocean Life", Captain Whidden says 
that, in spite of her bluff bows, she often made fourteen 
or more knots while under full sail and with a favorable 
wind. He (Whidden) had always had his curiosity 
aroused by a large bloodstain on the brig's cabin floor and 
by several imbedded bullets in the panels of one of the 
staterooms. 

On one occasion, while the "Jordan" was undergoing 
repairs at Montevideo, a former member of her crew rec- 

*Capt. Whidden has since died. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 349 

ognized her and told Captain Whidden her tragic history. 
She had made two successful voyages from Africa, bring- 
ing slaves to Cuba and landing them on the south side of 
the island near the Isle of Pines. While on her third 
trip to the African coast, having $30,000 in specie on 
board, the brig's crew mutinied after reaching the coast, 
shooting and killing the captain and mates through the 
skylight, while they were sitting in the cabin. Running 
the vessel down across the "trades" until in the vicinity 
of St. Thomas, they destroyed everything on board by 
which she could be identified, and taking to the boats, 
landed at the latter port, describing themselves as ship- 
wrecked seamen. 

Most of them then proceeded to Havana, and having 
plenty of money, indulged freely in liquor, over-talked 
themselves, were arrested, tried, and executed for murder. 

Another slaver whose career was famous was the brig 
"Echo", built at Baltimore in 1854 ; she measured 230 
tons register, and was rated 1 1-2. After several success- 
ful negro-smuggling voyages, she was finally seized, 
brought into Charleston, S. C, and condemned. 

When the Civil war broke out the "Echo" was fitted 
out as a privateer and re-named "Jefferson Davis", re- 
ceiving from the President of the Confederate States her 
commission to "sink, burn and destroy" ships of the 
United States. 

She was commanded by Captain Louis M. Coxetter, 
Lieutenants Postell and Stewart, Surgeon Babcock, Cap- 
tain of Marines Sanfrau, four prize masters, and a crew 
of seventy men. Her armament consisted of four waist 
guns, two eighteen pounders, two twelve pounders, and a 
pivot eighteen pounder. Although the "Jefferson Davis" 
had but a short career, she caused much damage to our 
merchant marine, capturing and burning no less than 
eight vessels, until August 16th, 1861, when attempting 
to enter the harbor of St. Augustine, Fla., in a gale, she 
struck on the bar and became a total loss. 

In Frank Leslie's Illustrated Weekly for June 23d, 
1860, there is the following interesting account of the 
capture, red-handed, of various slavers : 



350 the suppression op piracy in the west indies 

"Capture of the Slave Vessels and Their 
Cargoes. 

"Our cruisers have been very successful of late in the 
search after the slavers which infest the Cuban coast, and 
have already captured three vessels with over one thou- 
sand five hundred negroes. The prizes were all taken to 
Key West and their cargoes landed. Such an accession 
to the population of that place caused the authorities no 
little trouble to provide suitable accommodations for 
them. But by activity and energy, and by calling forth 
every available resource, in a few days all were comfort- 
ably though roughly housed. 

"On the morning of the 9th of May, while the U.S. steam 
sloop 'Wyandotte' was on her course for the south side of 
Cuba, a bark was discovered standing in shore with all sail 
set to a light breeze. Chase was immediately commenced 
and continued for four hours, when the wind dying away 
and the steamer gaining rapidly on the bark, the latter, mis- 
taking the 'Wyandotte' for a Spanish coasting steamer, 
tacked and boldly stood out from land. About eleven 
A. M., the 'Wyandotte' being within speaking distance of 
the bark, Captain Stanley hailed her in Spanish, asking 
what vessel it was, and received in reply, 'American', 
spoken in good English. He then ordered her to show 
her colors, which she did by hoisting the American flag. 
An officer was then sent on board, and she was found to 
be the American bark 'Williams', Captain Simms, appar- 
ently engaged in lawful trade, as there were no visible 
signs of negroes being on board. But on lifting the tar- 
paulins with which the hatches were covered, the woolly 
heads of a number of negroes were immediately thrust 
up in bold relief to the light, causing the boarding party, 
in the excitement of the moment, to give three cheers, 
which was answered by those on board the 'Wyandotte'. 
Lieutenants Read and Eggleston and a prize crew of 
nineteen sailors and marines were then placed on board, 
and the officers, crew and passengers of the bark taken 
on board the 'Wyandotte' and the prize towed to Key 
West. 

"The poor Africans were conveyed from the bark in 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 351 

carts and taken at once to their temporary quarters, where 
every care was taken to provide for their cleanliness and 
comfort. 

"The number of Africans originally taken on board the 
'Williams' at the Congo River is variously stated. The 
American captain says there were only six hundred and 
sixty-four received, while other and perhaps more correct 
accounts state the number to have been seven hundred 
and fifty. If this be true, the mortality among them has 
been very great, for there were but five hundred and 
forty-six Africans on board when captured, thus leaving 
two hundred and four to be accounted for. To this latter 
number must be added the six found dead on board (said 
to have been killed by the crew in preserving silence and 
preventing detection before being boarded by captors), 
and the thirty-three who died on the passage to Key West 
— making a total of two hundred and forty-three deaths. 

"The treatment they received on board this vessel bears 
no comparison with that given to those on board the 
'Wildfire'. The vessel was found to be in a filthy condi- 
tion and the living freight uncared for. 

"The prisoners have been confined in jail, and are un- 
dergoing an examination before Commissioner Bethel." 

Among other well-known slavers at this period were 
the barque "Wildfire" ; Spanish barque "Cora", formerly 
the clipper ship "Gazelle", condemned and sold in China 
in the early 1850's ; barque "Isla de Cuba". Quite by 
accident the author has discovered that the last named 
vessel is believed to have been the ship "Tonquin", at 
one time partially owned by his great-grandfather, Josiah 
Bradlee of Boston. In 1850 the "Tonquin" had been 
sent out to San Francisco with a cargo of small portable 
houses, made in sections for rapid erection in the mining 
districts. She went into the harbor of San Francisco on 
a full tide, there were then very few, if any, reliable 
charts of the coast of California ; the tide fell, the 
"Tonquin" grounded on her own anchors, was badly dam- 
aged, condemned and sold, and eventually became a 
slaver. 

In its last days the slave smuggling trade became a 
highly organized modern business ; in fact John R. Spears, 



352 THE SUPPRESSION OP PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

in his "American Slave Trade", quotes (pp. 197-198) a 
letter from the notorious Charles A. L. Lamar, owner of 
the previously mentioned "Wanderer", to Thomas Barrett 
of Augusta, Georgia, May 24th, 1858, in which he ex- 
plains his plans for the formation of a stock company 
which was to employ a steamer instead of sailing vessels : 

"I have in contemplation, if I can raise the necessary 
amount of money, the fitting out of an expedition to go 
to the coast of Africa for a cargo of African apprentices, 
to be bound for the term of their natural lives, and would 
like your co-operation. No subscription will be received 
for a less amount than $5,000. The amount to be raised 
is $300,000. I will take $20,000 of the stock myself. 

"I propose to purchase the 'Vigo',* an iron screw 
steamer of 1750 tons, now in Liverpool, for sale at 
£30,000 cash. She cost £75,000. G. B. Lamar can 
give you a description of her. . . . 

"She is as good as new, save her boilers, and they can 
be used for several months. If I can buy her I will put 
six Paixhan guns on deck and man her with as good men 
as can be found in the South. The fighting men will all 
be stockholders and gentlemen, some of whom are known 
to you, if not personally, by reputation. 

"My estimate runs thus : 

Steamer, $150,000; repairs, guns, small arms, coal, 

etc., $50,000, $200,000 

Supplies, $25,000; money for purchase of cargo, 

$75,000, 100,000 

$300,000 

"... The 'Vigo' can bring 2000 with ease and com- 
fort, and I apprehend no difficulty or risk, save ship- 
wreck, and that you can insure against. I can get one of 
the first lieutenants in the navy to go out in command 
. . . but I would not propose to fight ; for the 'Vigo' 
can steam 11 knots, which would put us out of the way 
of any of the cruisers." 

*The "Vigo' 1 was originally built by Laird Bros, of Liverpool in 
1855 for the French Franco-American line. When they failed in 
1858 she had been bought by the well-known Inman line running 
from Liverpool to New York. 



Jtefe 




O .5? o 
O ^ M 

F I = 






BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE 353 

Although this charming scheme did not materialize, it 
is known that other steamers were employed in the slave 
trade, for the Boston Transcript for February 17 th, 1860 
contained the following news item concerning them : 

"Havana correspondenls report two steamers, named 
the 'Marquis de la Habana'* and the 'Democrata', about 
to sail for the Congo river. They belong to Marby, Bus- 
tamente and Co., and have been fitted up openly. . . . 
If they succeed, the number of steam slavers will be in- 
creased forthwith. . . ." 

After the Civil war broke out the smuggling of negroes 
into the United States naturally came to an end, although 
a few cargoes of blacks were brought to the island of 
Cuba by the following American vessels : 

1861 — Barque "Storm King" of Baltimore, 650 slaves. 

1862— Ship "Ocilla" of Mystic, Conn. 

1864— Ship "Huntress" of New York. 

The last gasp of the abominable, illicit slave traffic may 
be said to have taken place when Captain Nathaniel Gor- 
don, of Portland, Maine, the well known commander of 
slave ships, was tried and executed in New York City. 
His indictment has already been referred to, but as he was 
the only slaver who ever suffered the death penalty, and 
his execution meant the end of an ignoble traffic which 
disgraced the United States, it deserves to be chronicled 
with some degree of minuteness. 

The story of his trial is taken from the now rare files 
of the old New York Illustrated News. 

The "Erie", Captain Gordon's vessel, was a small full- 
rigged ship of 476 tons, built at Warren, R. I., in 1849, 
but registered from the port of New York. 

*The steamer "Marquis de la Habana", as previously mentioned, 
was chartered later in 1860 by the Mexican General Miramon and a 
party of his followers to convey them to Vera Cruz, where they 
hoped to stir up one of the many revolutions common to that coun- 
try. The scheme was a failure, and to recoup themselves these 
villains were about to seize one of the California gold steamers 
when their plot was nipped in the bud by Commander Jarvis in the 
U. S. S. "Saratoga." The "Marquis de la Habana" therefore be- 
came the only steam pirate of which there is any record. She after- 
wards was taken into the Confederate navy as the "McRae", and is 
not to be confounded with another steamer "Habana" that before 
the Civil war plied between New Orleans and Havana and was 
changed into the well-known Confederate cruiser "Sumter", com- 
manded by Captain Raphael Semmes, C. S. N. 



354 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

"March 8, 1862. 
"Execution of Captain Nathaniel Gordon, the Slaver. 
"Captain Nathaniel Gordon, the convicted slaver, a na- 
tive of Portland, Maine, was a man of slender build, about 
five feet six inches in height, of dark complexion, with 
dark whiskers and penetrating eyes, and at the time of his 
death was about thirty-five years of age. From his youth 
up he had been a sailor, in various capacities, beginning 
as a cabin boy, and working himself up to the position of 
captain. His mother is still living, and is an exemplary 
member of the Presbyterian Church in the city of Port- 
land. 

"He made four voyages to the coast of Africa, for 
negroes to be sold as slaves. Two of these voyages were 
successful, the negroes having been landed on the Island 
of Cuba. A third voyage was only partially successful, 
the negroes having been- landed at a Brazilian port. 

"His fourth voyage as a slaver was on board the ship 
♦Erie', with which he, his two mates and crew, were cap- 
tured on the African coast, off the Congo River, by the 
United States steam sloop of war 'Mohican', of the African 
squadron. When the 'Erie' was boarded the United 
States officers found a cargo of 967 negroes, consisting of 
men, women and children. 

"Immediately after the capture a prize crew was put on 
board the 'Erie', under command of a lieutenant and a 
midshipman, and the ship was headed for Monrovia. On 
the passage thither three hundred of the negroes died 
and were buried at sea. On their arrival at Monrovia the 
negroes were duly handed over to the agent of the United 
States government at that point, and set free under the 
civilizing influences and institutions of the Liberian Re- 
public. 

"The crew of the 'Erie' was taken on board the 'Mo- 
hican' to fill the places of the United States sailors who 
had been transferred to the prize ship 'Erie', and Capt. 
Gordon, with his two mates, were sent on to New York 
by the 'Erie' after landing the negroes as stated. 

"The 'Erie' had previously been to Liverpool, from 
which port she took a cargo to Havana, Cuba. There she 
changed hands, and there Captain Gordon took charge of 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BEADLEE 355 

her and superintended her fitting out for the slave voyage 
in which she was engaged at the time of her capture. 

"About the time of the arrival of the 'Erie' at this 
port with the prisoners, the rebellion broke out, and, as 
it was progressing, the lieutenant prize master turned out 
to be a secessionist, and, in order to identify himself more 
fully with the cause of the Confederacy, left for the 
South. This step on the part of the lieutenant bereft 
the government of the necessary testimony for the trial 
of Gordon. 

"The U. S. marshal, preparatory to the trial of Captain 
Gordon, struck a panel of jurors from Columbia county. 
To this panel Gordon, through his counsel, objected, on 
the ground that the clerk of the U. S. Circuit Court had 
not served the marshal with a certified copy, in accord- 
ance with the statute, and the court sustained the objec- 
tion. Had Gordon submitted himself to a trial at that 
time, his acquittal would have been certain, as the gov- 
ernment had not the evidence to convict him. 

The trial was postponed, and when Gordon again came 
into court a new jury had been impanneled, which he 
nearly exhausted by the pre-emptory challenges, and a 
number for cause, before a jury for the trial had been 
selected. This jury the marshal kept together until the 
trial was concluded. 

"Previous, however, to the last trial, the ships of the 
African squadron had been ordered home by the Secre- 
tary of the Navy, and the marshal boarded each of them 
at New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Portsmouth, N. 
H., respectively. 

"On board the 'Michigan', at Boston, he found four 
sailors who had belonged to the crew of the 'Erie' at the 
time of her capture, and they were brought on to this 
city as witnesses, and on their testimony Gordon was con- 
victed. 

"When first arrested, Gordon was lodged in Eldridge 
street jail, and he was possessed of about $5,000. On 
one occasion he paid the sum of $50 for the fond privi- 
lege of a parole to enable him to live with his family in 
Brooklyn for a few days. 



356 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

"Since the President's respite the prisoner has been fed 
at the private expense of the marshal. 

"A handbill having reference to the execution of Capt. 
Gordon was seen posted about the streets on Thursday 
morning. It was worded as follows, and purported to 
have been signed by Mayor Opdyke, which was not the 
case : 

'Citizens of New York come to the rescue! Shall a 
judicial murder be committed in your midst, and no pro- 
testing voices be raised against it 1 Captain Nathaniel 
Gordon is sentenced to be executed for a crime which has 
virtually been a dead letter for forty years.' 

"Then followed a call for a meeting at the Exchange, 
at 3 o'clock P. M., of all in favor of a commutation of 
the death penal tj'. On learning the fact, Inspector Car- 
penter* telegraphed to all the police captains to send out 
men to tear down the posters and to arrest any who might 
be found putting any of them up. 

"At an early hour in the forenoon of Thursday, Mr. 
Murray received the following letter protesting against 
the execution of Gordon : 

'New York, Feb. 19, 1862. 

'Sir : If you have any regard for yourself, your fam- 
ily, or your reputation, you will not hang that man Gor- 
don, for it will be nothing short of murder, and the stigma 
of it will stick while you live. Resign sooner, by all 
means, a thousand times over. Do not commit murder. 
Cut your right arm off first. Yours respectfully, 

Wm. Noble. 

"Gordon was almost constantly attended during his 
imprisonment by his wife and child. Mrs. Gordon has 
been permitted to remain with him whenever she chose, 
and her attendance has been unremitting. She is a native 
of Nova Scotia, about twenty-five years of age, slight but 
well built, and of much personal beauty. 

"She has resided in Brooklyn during most of the period 
of her husband's imprisonment, in the family of a sea 
captain, who has interested himself somewhat for the 
comfort of Gordon himself. Mrs. Gordon has visited 
Washington several times, it is said, and for the last time 
*On© of the high officials of the New York Metropolitan police. 



BY FRANCIS B. C. BRADLEE S57 

no longer than last Friday. Her pecuniary means are 
derived exclusively from benevolent persons, who have 
supplied her with what she pressingly needed, and means 
of seeking a commutation of the death penalty in the 
case of her husband. Accompanied by the child (a fine 
boy of five or six years of age), she nobly devoted every 
hour at her command to Gordon's comfort and to his con- 
solation. They have evidently been much attached to 
each other. 

"Last evening the final parting scene occurred. Gordon 
did not entirely lose his self-possession, but the grief of 
Mrs. Gordon was of the most acute description. She was 
taken away at half-past six o'clock. 

"After parting with his wife, Gordon was transferred 
to another cell, and his clothing thoroughly searched to 
prevent the possibility of any attempt at suicide. He 
then partook of some refreshments and lighted a cigar, 
and, calling for pen and ink, sat down to write letters. 
He thus passed the principal part of the night, up to about 
four o'clock. 

"About four o'clock in the morning Gordon was dis- 
covered in convulsions, and a physician was sent for, who 
pronounced him suffering under the effects of a dose of 
poison. The prisoner afterwards admitted that he had 
taken a small powder which had been furnished him and 
which he had concealed in a crack under his bench. 

"He continued in convulsions until about ten o'clock 
Friday morning, when the effects of the poison seemed 
to subside, and he rallied materially. About eleven 
o'clock he requested that a lock of his hair and a ring 
should be carried to his wife. 

"At eleven o'clock a despatch was received from Judge 
Beebe, who had gone to Albany to see Governor Morgan, 
stating that after his interview the Governor had sent a 
telegraphic despatch to President Lincoln requesting a 
further respite for the prisoner. 

"Inside the Tombs building, and at every entrance, a 
guard of marines were stationed with fixed bayonets. 
They had been detailed from the Marine Barracks, were 
under the command of Lieutenant Cohen, and numbered 
about eighty men. The special guard was composed of 



358 THE SUPPRESSION OF PIRACY IN THE WEST INDIES 

the marshal's deputies, with some police captains. A guard 
of police was also stationed around the outside of the 
Tombs. 

"The gallows was a new one, originally made for hang- 
ing the three murderers of Captain Pyke, of the ship 
'General ParkhilP, but not used, as the sentence of those 
men was commuted by the President to imprisonment for 
fifteen years. 

"The hour of twelve was fixed for the execution. 
Over a hundred persons had been admitted to witness the 
scene, among whom were Marshal Keyes of Boston, sev- 
eral State Senators, and reporters of the press. 

"Gordon was taken from his cell to the gallows at a 
quarter past twelve o'clock. He was supported by two 
of Marshal Murray's deputies. The marshal walked on 
his right. The appearance of Gordon's face was ghastly, 
his fear was extreme ; but with that assumed stoicism 
which had distinguished him, he walked, or was rather 
carried, quickly to his place. He made no dying speech. 

"As soon as the noose was adjusted the black cap was 
pulled over his face. The signal was at once made, and 
and in an instant he was dangling in the air. He died 
easily; but few convulsive motions were observed. He 
was dead in about five minutes from the time the rope 
was adjusted, but the body was allowed to remain half an 
hour, when his body was taken down and placed in a 
rough coffin, in which it will be delivered to his friends." 

It was said that Gordon was at one time the possessor 
of over $100,000, which sum he had accumulated in the 
slave trade, but the expenses, etc., of his trial swallowed 
up all his little fortune. 

Great political influence was brought to bear on Presi- 
dent Lincoln to commute his sentence. He had already 
once respited Gordon (see Illustrated New York News, 
February 22d, 1862), and the latter's friends were confi- 
dent that he would not die on the gallows, but the Presi- 
dent remained firm. 

Thus did one wretched outrager of humanity pay for 
centuries of misery and suffering which bare words cannot 
describe. 



FORTY YEARS AGO IN SALEM. 



Extracts from the Diary of Francis H. Lee 



( Continued from Volume LIX, page 104.) 

Jan. 28th. Called at Mr. Bryant's in Carpenter street 
and saw portraits of Mr. Bryant's father and mother and 
of Mrs. Bryant's mother and two of her son Watson 
Bryant, all taken by Mr. Southard, besides other fancy 
pictures of his. She gave me a framed certificate of the 
Mechanics' Association dated Oct. 1, 1817, which be- 
longed to her father, also two old china cups and three 
little coins of no particular worth. She is going to look 
up some old papers and almanacs for me. This house 
was built about 70 years ago. Tonight the services of 
opening the new Washington Church begin. Dr. Bellows 
preaches. Rev. Batcheler and Israel and Messrs. Horton 
and O. W. Upham have gone on. 

Jan. 30th. Called at Mrs. Narbonne's and left Old 
Naumkeag. Mrs. Narbonne went to school with a Miss 
Carlton in Union street, also to a Miss Mary Porter in 
building rear of Dr. Browne's shop. This lady afterwards 
married Seth Low and moved to Brooklyn. In the even- 
ing went to Josie's and saw Rose dressed for the party. 
Looked into the collection of china in the parlor. There 
are several old punch bowls, silver mugs of Joseph and 
William Cabot, a Washington Lafayette pitcher made to 
commemorate his visit here in 1824. There is a great 
deal of interesting china in their china closet. 

Jan. 31st. Went to the Institute and looked over the 
portraits in the Antique room. Into the picture room of 
the successor of Grindall and purchased a very large 
photograph of the South Church, framed, for $2.00, which 
is very cheap and about what the frame is worth. This 
picture was taken several years ago by Bowdoin. Called 
on Curwen and saw his china all newly arranged, with a 
glass diamond door, making the corner of the room look 
very attractive. 

Feb. 1st. This morning the snow lies probably two 
feet on a level, and in drifts I have seen it nearly six feet 

(359) 



360 FORTY YEARS AGO IN SALEM 

high, as in many places on the north side of Essex street. 
There has been not so much snow at the East, as the 
storm has not yet reached there, so that most of the trains 
from that quarter came in during the morning, but towards 
Chelsea a train with snow plough and two engines got off 
the track, thereby delaying the mails and obliging the 
trains to come down later via the Saugus branch. We 
didn't receive our Boston paper till about three o'clock. 
It continued to snow lightly during the day and into the 
night. 

Feb. 2nd. In Boston. Saw an interesting collection 
of charcoal landscapes by Mr. Key. Called on Mr. Staigg 
and showed the copies of portraits of Timothy Orne and 
wife and T. O.'s mother. He was quite pleased with the 
portraits of Rebecca Taylor, which he offered to copy for 
$500, but I wished to have it done for $50. He has an 
interesting portrait just finished of Mr. Francis of Low- 
ell, who has been supt. of Locks and Canals for so many 
years. Called on the brother of Rev. Wm. Cook and saw 
journals kept by his father whilst commanding vessels, an 
old wooden spoon he had carved, his portrait taken on 
glass in France, an interesting old desk and drawers. He 
gave me a funny picture of "The death of Harrison", a 
printed sermon of Rev. Wm. Cook, a pamphlet history of 
Danvers, and another pamphlet. He is to look up some 
old papers. 

Feb. 3rd. Called on Mr. W. H. Foster after dinner. 
Mr. Israel had just brought him a photograph of Mr. 
Mickle of Baltimore, the oldest Bank officer in the coun- 
try, having entered the ranks in 1819. Mr. Foster in 
1824. Mr. Foster gave me his photograph, his birthday 
being, like mine, on Dec. 23rd, and I understand Annie 
West's is the same day. He showed me a snuff box of 
lacquered wood, with portraits of Josephine and Napoleon 
on the cover, also a cane made of the wood of the Wm. 
Penn house in Philadelphia, which was being pulled down 
in 1867 when he happened to be there, a pair of pitchers of 
light brown ground covered with pictures, another tall slim 
pitcher with cover, and several plates. 

(To be continued) 





CAPT. JOHN C. POND 
1839-1887 



CAPT. JOHN BERTRAM 
1796- 1882 





CAPT. WILLIAM A. PETERSON 
1836- 1888 



CAPT. CHARLES O. WELCH 
1843- 1880 



SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES. 



The Barque "Glide." 
And Some Account of the African Trade. 



(Continued from Volume LIX, page 216.} 



By George Granville Putnam. 



Additional members of the crew were Charles White- 
house, 14, now and for many years a signal towerman in 
the employ of the old Eastern and Boston & Maine 
Railroad at the Norman- Washington street crossing, 
Salem ; Richard Kiernan, Salem, 18 ; Stephen Curtis, Jr., 
Salem, 19 ; Daniel O'Neil, New York, 32 ; William King, 
Philadelphia, 30. Thomas Edwards, Birmingham, Eng., 
24, was shipped at Zanzibar. 

The Sachem sailed on her next voyage from Salem Oct. 

24, 1869, John Kerivan, master, for Zanzibar. Captain 
Kerivan died at Zanzibar April 3, 1870, and the vessel re- 
turned to Boston under command of the mate, Captain 
William A. Peterson. Captain Peterson afterwards com- 
manded the barque Essex, owned by Captain Bertram, in 
the same trade. 

Tenth Voyage. 
The Glide sailed from Salem June 2, 1870, for Boston, 
and arrived there the same day. Captain James S. Wil- 
liams of Salem, having arrived home after being wrecked 
in the Jersey, was given command. The vessel sailed from 
Boston June 13, 1870, for Zanzibar. Arrived at Zanzibar 
Oct. 6 ; arrived at Muscat Nov. 22 ; sailed from Muscat 
Feb. 1 for Zanzibar, and from Zanzibar March 3 for Bos- 
ton ; passed Cape Good Hope April 9 ; crossed the Equa- 
tor May 3, in longitude 34 W., and arrived at Boston May 

25, 1871. Passenger, Henry Curwen of Salem. Voyage, 
eleven months and twelve days. 

Eleventh Voyage. 
Sailed from Boston June 14, 1871, James S. Williams, 
master, for the East Indies. Arrived at Tamatave Oct. 
10, and then went to Zanzibar. Sailed for Boston Nov. 18. 
On the passage home the Glide was destined to get the 
hammering of her life. She passed Cape Good Hope Dec. 

(361) 



362 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

27, and crossed the Equator Jan. 28. On Feb. 15, in the 
North Atlantic, began a succession of gales which con- 
tinued all the way to port. March 2, latitude 34.51 N., 
longitude 70.13 W., experienced a terrific gale from south 
to northwest, barometer at 29.08, with cross seas. The 
Glide was put under half of lower maintopsail and half 
of mizzen staysail, and shipped two heavy seas, which 
stove after house and lee bulwarks. After struggling 
nearly a month under such adverse conditions and with 
little hope of the weather improving, Captain Williams 
determined to lay his course for New York, and he arrived 
there March 25, 1872. Voyage: nine months and eleven 
days. 

Passengers, Captain and Mrs. Francis R. Webb and two 
children of Salem. 

J. Frank Stickney, now residing at Salem Willows, was 
a boy on the Glide on this voyage. Returning to Salem 
from New York, he went into Captain Bertram's office for 
his pay, and the late Captain Nathan H. Millett, confiden- 
tial clerk, asked him if he would like to make a trip in 
the Taria Topan, which was fitting for sea. Frank gladly 
accepted the chance, and at once signed the shipping arti- 
cles. William Hollingsworth Hathorne was master of 
the Taria Topan, and J. Warren Luscomb mate. The lat- 
ter was later master of the barque. The Taria Topan 
sailed from Boston May 20, 1872, visited Aden, Muscat, 
and Zanzibar, and arrived back at Boston March 13, 1873. 
Twelfth Voyage. 

The Glide sailed from New York April 13, 1872, for 
East Coast of Africa ports, under command of Captain 
Stephen Cloutman, who had sailed in command of other 
vessels owned by Captain Bertram. She arrived at Mo- 
zambique July 1, 79 days' passage. Sailed Sept. 28 for 
Zanzibar, where she finished loading, and sailed for home 
Oct. 21. Arrived at Boston Jan. 15, 1873, in 83 days' 
passage. Voyage, nine months and two days. 

Charles I. Shepard of Fresno, California, communicates 
to the writer the following information : "Ernest D. Lord, 
who was a boy on the Glide on her sixth voyage, lived on 
Pleasant street. His father was a member of a firm of 
stone cutters in Salem. After this voyage in the Glide, 
Ernest sailed two or three times with Captain John C, 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 363 

Pond. He then gave up the sea and went to Milwaukee, 
thinking that it was better to do it then instead of later. 
But his first love for the sea returned, and he again tried 
it, and one day he showed up in Salem and told me that 
he was going second mate of the Glide the next day. A 
few days out the mate was lost overboard and Ernest was 
promoted. The vessel visited Muscat and Aden, and at 
one of those places he was taken sick with dysentery and 
died suddenly. He was a fine fellow and we were inti- 
mate friends. He was a Phillips school boy." 

Thirteenth Voyage. 
Sailed from Boston Feb. 8, 1873, Stephen Cloutman, 
master, for Zanzibar. Arrived at Zanzibar April 22, 73 
days' passage, and sailed May 3 for Aden, where she ar- 
rived May 3. Loaded at Aden and sailed June 1 for 
Boston. Arrived at Boston Sept. 16, 1873, in 117 days, 
and concluding the voyage in the unusually quick time of 
seven months and eight days. 

Fourteenth Voyage. 

Sailed from Boston Jan. 16, 1874, Stephen Cloutman, 
master, for Zanzibar. Arrived at Tamatave, Madagascar, 
April 5, 79 days' passage, and at Zanzibar April 30. Ar- 
rived at Aden May 29, from Zanzibar. Returned to Zan- 
zibar and sailed for home July 10. Passed Cape Good 
Hope Aug. 14, St. Helena Aug. 23, and arrived at Boston 
Oct. 10, 89 days' passage. Voyage, eight months and 
twenty-four days. 

Passengers from Boston for Zanzibar, J. Orne Rider of 
Salem and Augustin Sparhawk of Boston. 

Fifteenth Voyage. 

Sailed from Boston Jan. 10, 1875, with a new master 
in charge, Captain Nathan A. Batchelder, for Zanzibar 
and a market. Arrived at Tamatave, Madagascar, April 
5, 85 days passage. The following is taken from the 
journal kept by Capt. Bachelder : 

Jan. 18, 1875 — Big run 232 miles this 24 hours. Strong 
wind from W. S. W. till 8 A. M., then hauling to W. N. 
W., and squally and rainy and lightning. Passed two 
sail. Lat. 32.56 N., longitude 30.08 W. Crossed the 



364 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

Equator Feb. 8, in Ion. 29.27 W., 28 days from Nantas- 
ket Roads ; March 9, at 9 A.M., sighted Tristan d' Acunha 
group of islands ; March 20, lat. 37.50 S., Ion. 27.42 W., 
took in topgallant sails, very heavy easterly sea on, took 
in main topgallant sail, first time since leaving Boston ; 
April 4, dirty, inky-looking weather, heavy thunder and 
continuous sharp lightning, heavy squalls of rain, and no 
moon to cheer us ; April 5, arrived at Tamatave, Mada- 
gascar, 85 days from Boston. 

April 30, sailed from Tamatave for Aden, and arrived 
there May 21, 20 days' passage, and having had no cur- 
rent either way since leaving Cape Guardefie. June 8, 
sailed from Aden for Zanzibar, and anchored off the town 
in eight fathoms, 29 days' passage. July 13, civil time, 
sailed from Zanzibar for Boston, and arrived in 93 days' 
passage — 12 from Cape Good Hope to St. Helena, 24 from 
the Cape to the Line, 51 from the Cape to Boston, and 27 
from the Line to Boston. Was 16 days in Gulf Stream, 
with strong gales. 

Sixteenth Voyage. 

Sailed from Boston Nov. 12, 1875, sea time ; discharged 
pilot at 12.30 ; Highland Light, Cape Cod, bore N. W. by 
W. 1-2 W., 15 miles, at 4.30 P. M., with good breeze from 
N. W.; Nathan A. Bachelder, master, Edward B. Trum- 
bull, mate, for Zanzibar and a market. Nov. 30, at 3.30, 
spoke brig O. S. Packard, 28 days from Savannah, Ga., 
for Buenos Ayres, his longitude being 39.25, and mine 
39.26. Crossed the Equator Dec. 11, longitude 34.38 
W., 30 days from Boston. Dec. 31, Tristan d' Acunha in 
sight, at 7 A. M., passed it at noon and saw the town, and 
a barque was standing off and on. Now 51 days from 
Boston. Jan. 30, still going ahead through God's good- 
ness, all well, wind keeping up all night, and at 10 A. M. 
entered the harbor of Tamatave, 79 days and 22 hours 
from Boston. 

Sailed from Tamatave Feb. 16, sea time, for Zanzibar, 
and arrived there in 14 days' passage. Lay there 12 days. 
Sailed March 14 for Aden, sea time, and arrived April 9, 
25 days' passage. Sailed April 16 for Zanzibar, arrived 
May 14, and sailed May 18 for Boston. Passed Cape 




CO 00 

3 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 365 

Good Hope June 24, 37 days out ; was 27 days from the 
Cape to the Equator, which was crossed July 21 in longi- 
tude 34.21 west, and arrived at Boston Aug. 16, 1876, 
at noon, 90 days' passage, and beating the barque Taria 
Topan, Captain William Beadle, which arrived the same 
day from Zanzibar, by 38 days. Voyage, six months and 
three days. 

Leonard A. Bachelder, son of Captain Bachelder, was 
a passenger on the outward passage, and is now a resident 
of Auckland, N. Z., where he has lived several years, and 
has been United States consul. 

Captain Bachelder did not again command the Glide, 
but he and his first officer, Edward B. Trumbull, who 
had made two previous voyages as second mate of the 
Glide, were transferred to the barque Taria Topan. Cap- 
tain Bachelder commanded the T. T. nine voyages, and 
was succeeded by Captain Trumbull, who was mate of her 
with Captain Bachelder nine voyages, and then master of 
her seven voyages, when he retired from the sea, having 
made in all twenty-two voyages to sea. Captain Bachelder 
died Sept. 2, 1903. 

One afternoon in the month of July, 1899, the writer, 
realizing that a fund of adventure and romance is locked 
up in the breasts of Salem shipmasters, that would prove 
a valuable contribution to the commercial history of 
Salem, if such men could only be induced to tell of their 
adventures by sea and land, called upon Captain Bachel- 
der at his home in Salem on Ocean avenue. Captain 
Bachelder, always a gentleman, at first disliked to talk 
for publication, fearing too frequent use of the first per- 
sonal pronoun, but finally consented, and the writer took 
full notes for this sketch. 

When it is remembered that many of the voyages here 
to be related were made before the days of the telegraph, 
and even previous to the establishment of courts of law, 
and of banks even in many places, the story is most re- 
markable as showing the handicapped circumstances under 
which these men labored. 

The writer, as he sat in a comfortable chair in the 
captain's home, learned the following interesting story of 
the captain's life : 



366 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

Captain Bachelder was born in Salem, September 3, 
1821, and was the son of Joshua and Margaret (Aborn) 
Bachelder. His father came from Loudon, N. H., to 
Salem, where he became a farmer and contractor, and his 
mother was born in Peabody. The couple had seven 
children, of whom Nathan A. was the eldest. 

On March 10, 1831, Nathan A., the subject of this 
sketch, entered the private school of Master Samuel H. 
Archer, on what is now known as Odell Hill, and the 
school building is still standing. It was a famous 
school of its time, and young Bachelder studied there five 
years. 

On leaving school he obtained, through the recommen- 
dation of Master Archer, a position in the hardware store 
of Stickney & Hale, the junior member of the firm being 
the father of Col. Henry A. Hale. At the end of two 
years he severed his connection with the firm to enter 
upon a seafaring life. And just here is where our story 
begins. 

"Three days after leaving Messrs. Stickney & Hale," 
said Captain Bachelder, "I was on the ocean, as a boy be- 
fore the mast, on board the ship William and Henry, com- 
manded by Captain Charles Fabens of Salem, and bound 
from Salem for Zanzibar, Africa, Madagascar and Bom- 
bay. Being a boy, very anxious to go to sea, and fearful 
of losing my chance, I ran all the way from my home to 
the end of Derby wharf, and was there several hours be- 
fore the ship started. The next day at sea, terribly sea- 
sick, I would have run as fast to the westward if 1 could 
only have got my feet on dry land. The ship sailed on 
July 3, 1838, and returned to Salem after a voyage of 
fourteen months, with a cargo of gum copal, dates, etc. 
Captain Fabens took great pride in his ship. She had 
three standing skysail yards, having eight feet hoist, 
which was quite remarkable for a ship of 280 tons. 

"I sailed again in the same ship, as captain's clerk and 
before the mast, but living in the cabin. The commander 
was John Francis of Salem, and the ship was bound to 
the coast of Sumatra. Her cargo consisted of bales of 
cotton cloth and gunpowder in kegs for the natives, and 
$30,000 in specie. Arriving on the coast of Sumatra the 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 367 

ship took on board a full cargo of pepper in bulk, pouring 
it down the ship's hatches until the hold was filled. Then 
thirty large casks were filled as a deckload. After leaving 
the coast, sailing across the Indian ocean, nearing the 
island of Madagascar, the cargo settled so much that all 
the deckload was poured below the hatches. We arrived 
in Salem after a year's voyage. 

"These voyages were eventful, often extremely hazard- 
ous, as the captain, clerk and two seamen were obliged to 
go on shore to weigh the cargo, which was transported to 
the ship in native boats, owing to the dangerous surf which 
continually rolled on the beach. On the island we were 
continually at the mercy of the Malays. Several of the 
Salem ships in this trade had been cut off, the captain and 
part of the crew murdered, because of difference of method 
in settling for the cargo. 

"Around the scales, when the weighing began, was the 
Wall street of Sumatra, farmers bringing in their lots of 
pepper to be weighed and waiting for their returns, dis- 
cussing the ship and her crew, the quality of goods, etc., 
the rich and poor mingling together and enjoying the 
cockfight, which seemed to be their principal amusement. 
We were dependent on the Malays to take us on board, as 
no ship's boat could live in such a heavy surf. When night 
came we were all glad to reach the ship, out of sight of 
the glistening knives, as every Malay carried something 
sharp. 

"The owner, Mr. Pingree, on our arrival home, kindly 
offered me a similar position on the Caroline Augusta, 
Captain Putnam, on a Sumatra voyage, but not liking the 
trade, I declined the position. 

"I sailed on my next voyage in the good barque Cyn- 
thia, Captain Emery Johnson, from Salem for China, with 
a cargo of naval stores and 12,000 Spanish and Mexican 
silver dollars. The specie was in kegs and was stowed in 
the stern of the ship, behind a one-inch board partition. 
All of the crew, with the exception of two, were Salem 
boys, and no anxiety was ever expressed on board regard- 
ing the money. Underwriters would hardly take the 
risk, nowadays, of shipping such a large amount of money 
with so little security. Letters of credit and bills of ex- 



368 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

change were not then common, and the world was very 
wide. The first port was Batavia, next Manila, lying at 
each port about thirty days, sailing then for Whampoo, 
China, and remaining there six months. Captain Johnson 
purchased there a cargo of tea for the ship and another 
for the Thomas Perkins, returning to New York after a 
voyage of eighteen months. The only living members of 
this ship's company are Thomas Perkins, Esq. (captain's 
clerk), of Salem, and myself. The Cynthia and the Wil- 
liam and Henry were both owned by David Pingree, Esq. 

"My next voyage was made in the good ship Forrester, 
owned by Captain William B. Parker, from Salem for 
Charleston, S. C. Shortly after arriving at Charleston a 
Newburyport ship, the Ilzaid, Captain Thayer of Marble- 
head, came in, wanting a second officer, and I, being 
highly recommended, was offered the position. I gladly 
accepted it. The ship was bound to Liverpool and Bos- 
ton. The voyage lasted four months. I remained by 
the ship in Boston, and started from there in her for 
Madras and Calcutta, the chief mate being Frank Allen 
of Salem, brother of Captain Charles H. Allen of this 
city. Mr. Allen was afterwards lost at sea on a voyage 
across the Atlantic, while first officer of the ship Celestial, 
owned by A. A. Low & Co. of New York, the great im- 
porters. He was knocked overboard by the bellying of 
the spanker, of which he was superintending the reefing. 

"When fourteen days out, just after taking the N. E. 
trades in the North Atlantic, some one on deck sang out, 
'Sail ho !' Soon two vessels were discovered, heading right 
for us, and both flying the French flag. One was a battle- 
ship and the other a frigate. As they drew near both 
ships backed their topsails, and the Ilzaid did the same. 
A boat was lowered from the battleship and came along- 
side our ship. A lieutenant was in charge, who, on reach- 
ing the deck, informed the captain that they were from 
Rio Janeiro for Marseilles, with Prince de Joinville and 
his wife, the latter the daughter of the Emperor of Brazil, 
on board. Asking the IlzaicTs captain to accept a basket 
of champagne with the prince's compliments, he said that 
if Captain Thayer had any papers to spare, they would 
be very acceptable. 





CAPT. JOHN McMULLAN 
1830- 1865 



CAPT. FRANCIS R. WEBB 
1833 - 1892 





CAPT. WILLIAM BEADLE 
1841- 1912 



CAPT. SAMUEL A. LORD 
1835- 1891 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 369 

"It must be remembered that this was fifty-four years 
ago. News in foreign ports was scarce, no telegraph 
cables ran across the great ocean, very few mail steamers 
were afloat, and almost all the news was carried by sailing 
ships, and to obtain a bundle of papers on the ocean was 
a great treat. 

'»On the llzaid as passengers were three young men 
from Boston, going out to buy cargo, and a French doc- 
tor, who acted as an interpreter, making it very pleasant 
for both parties. The French band on the big ship sere- 
naded the Americans with excellent music. It was a 
bright hour in the trip, and one never to be forgotten. 
This same frigate brought Napoleon's remains from St. 
Helena to France. Our companionship lasted about an 
hour, and then the ships parted company, steering opposite 
courses, and were soon out of sight. The llzaid proceed- 
ed to Calcutta, loaded a full cargo, and returned to Bos- 
ton, completing the voyage in about a year. 

"Next voyage I sailed as second officer of the barque 
Wm. Schroder, owned by David Pingree, Esq., command- 
ed by Captain Benjamin Jackson, bound from Salem for 
Zanzibar, Bombay and Muscat, receiving cargo at each 
port, and reaching Salem after a voyage of ten months, 
and bringing home two splendid Arabian horses in a house 
on the main hatch. They were a present from the Sultan 
of Zanzibar to the United States consul, the late Palmer 
Waters, who was a passenger from Zanzibar to Bombay. 
Two other gentlemen, since deceased, were also passengers 
from Muscat to Zanzibar — the late John C. Osgood and 
Samuel Masury of Salem, who were agents at Zanzibar 
for some of the Salem houses. The late Captain Waters 
and his son came home in the Wm. Schroder from Zanzi- 
bar. 

"I sailed on my next voyage as chief officer of the 
barque Cralago, owned by the Delanos of New York, and 
commanded by Captain Thomas Johnson of Salem, and 
bound from New York to Rio Janeiro. The vessel carried 
out flour and brought coffee home. Another voyage was 
made in the same vessel. 

"I next joined the new barque Angola, building at 
Newburyport, by the famous shipbuilders, Currier & 



370 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

Townsend. She was a beautiful vessel, a fast sailer, and 
having splendid accommodations. She was owned by 
Elbridge Kimball and Benjamin A. West. After being 
launched and rigged, she came to Salem to take in her 
cargo, consisting of print goods for the natives and naval 
stores, for a trading voyage to the Pacific. 

"We arrived at Honolulu, Sandwich Islands, after a 
passage of one hundred and ten days from Salem. Dis- 
charging a part of her cargo, we sailed for Otaheite, one 
of the Society Islands. After a short stay there, the ves- 
sel sailed for Monterey, Cal., which was then under the 
Mexican flag. The commander of the Angola was Capt. 
Samuel Varney of Salem. The barque arrived at Monte- 
rey July 1, 1846. After being there a few days three 
American men-of-war arrived — the frigate Savannah, the 
sloop of war Jamestown, and one other ship, Commodore 
Sloat in charge. This was an unusual sight to an Ameri- 
can sailor. One morning all was activity on the ships, 
boats lowered away, filled with marines and sailors, some 
two hundred in number, pulled on shore, landed, and 
formed in line, marching to the custom house, near which 
stood the flagstaff on which was flying the Mexican flag. 
At a given signal, this flag was hauled down and the Stars 
and Stripes hoisted in its place, and California was de- 
clared territory of the United States. An English three- 
deck line-of-battle ship, the Collingwood, came in a few 
days later, having been cruising around looking after the 
American fleet, but he was too late. History had already 
been made. This occurred July 7, 1846. Our Mexican 
custom house officers left suddenly for the shore, sorry 
over losing so nice a job. Across Monterey bay, at Santa 
Cruz, was a small saw mill, where Capt. Varney received 
on board a full cargo and deckload of the famous red- 
wood, this being the region or section where these won- 
derful trees grow, resembling the cedar, and very fragrant, 
so strong that the insects would not attack and destroy 
it. It was much in favor at the Sandwich Islands for 
building purposes. The Ayxgola's was the first large cargo 
shipped foreign from Monterey. The barque made the 
passage from Monterey to Honolulu in twelve or fifteen 
days, and discharged her cargo. She then sailed for Ranal, 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 371 

another of the Sandwich islands, where the great northwest 
fleet of American whaleships called to recruit and replen- 
ish stores. 

"Here was taken on board, from forty different ships, a 
full cargo of whalebone in bulk, something very rare. 
The bone was in slabs from eight to fourteen feet in length, 
and tied in bundles, which were weighed and marked with 
the ship's name. Whalebone was then worth $1 a pound, 
but it is now worth four times that amount. This was 
before the discovery of oil wells and the refining of kero- 
sene. A large fleet of vessels was required to supply the 
demaud for oil. This was a splendid cargo for the ship, 
for looking down the hatches it seemed all alive as it 
sprang up and down. Everything went well on the pas- 
sage around Cape Horn, and the vessel arrived at Boston 
116 days from the Sandwich Islands — a good passage. 

"1 sailed again in the Angola, as chief officer, from 
Boston for Liverpool, with grain in bulk. We had very 
rough weather going across in the month of March, and 
considerable cargo was damaged. However, it was all 
sold to the brewers, and in time converted into ale. All 
business finished, the Angola sailed from Liverpool for 
Boston, and reached home after a passage of about thirty 
days. I did not go on the Angola again, but on the next 
voyage, which was to the Pacific, she was sold to the Rus- 
sian governor for a cruiser. 

"On July 3, 1847, 1 sailed on my first voyage as master 
in the brig John Dunlap, from Salem, bound on a trading 
voyage to the Pacific. The brig was owned by Benjamin 
A. West and Elbridge Kimball. After being out a few 
days the copper started on the vessel's bottom, and there 
was only one suit of sails on board, and they had been 
two voyages to the coast of Africa. This was discour- 
aging for a Cape Horn trip, but we kept on, calling at 
the island of St. Catherine for wood and water. Off Cape 
Horn I experienced the worst weather I had ever met in 
my many voyages. It was not the fault of the vessel, for 
she was one of the best sea boats I had ever sailed, but 
with the copper started and poor sails, the craft could not 
carry any canvas. When it came on to blow we had to 
lower the sails, and with mittens on repair them. Owing 



372 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

to this, the brig was off the Cape forty-two days, and 
reached the Society Islands 181 days from Salem, with 
onlv fifteen gallons of water on board. I remained there 
a short time and sold the cargo to good advantage, then 
sailed for the Sandwich Islands, where I learned of the 
discovery of gold in California a short time previous. I 
sold some cargo, coppered the vessel, obtained new sails, 
and started for San Francisco, arriving there about April 
1, 1848, after a passage of seventeen days. The vessel 
sailed without a pilot, saving the $5 per foot which many 
times afterwards I had to pay, passing the Golden Gate, 
running up the bay, and anchoring in a small cove in five 
fathoms of water, near Montgomery street. Where the 
anchor was dropped on that day now stand some of the 
finest blocks of San Francisco. The crew then looked in 
wonder on a city of tents and with only a few frame 
houses, lumber being worth $200 a thousand feet. The 
balance of the cargo and the vessel were sold, taking my 
pay in gold dust on the best terms I could make, all the 
way from $14.50 to $16 per ounce, troy weight. This 
was the currency there. Just imagine being in a place 
with no courts through which a debt could be collected 
and no banks to deposit money. There were some people 
called bankers, though very few had confidence enough 
to make a deposit with them ; and gambling houses with 
their doors wide open, with tables filled with piles of gold 
dust, a band of music in each end of the building to at- 
tract attention and to draw crowds from the outside. 

"In San Francisco I found my old friend, Captain John 
Eagleston, who had arrived two months before in the brig 
Mary Ellen, the first vessel from Salem to pass the Golden 
Gate. Ours was the second. This was in April, 1849. 
After selling our vessel, and while waiting for the steamer 
to sail for home, we slept in the attic of a woman's house 
on our ship's mattresses, no bedstead, with twenty other 
occupants, paying $1 a night for our lodging and $ 3 a day 
for our board at a restaurant. The proceeds of the sale 
of the balance of our cargo and vessel we kept in a wood- 
en box in our sea chests, with only a cheap iron lock to 
secure it. Of course we kept our eye on our treasure. 
After remaining in San Francisco three months, Captain 



BY GEORGE GJBANVILLE PUTNAM 373 

Eagleston and myself sailed for home in the first Ameri- 
can steamer that ever sailed down the coast of California 
for Panama, three having just been built in New York by 
Howland & Aspinwall, to carry the mail and passengers 
from San Francisco to Panama. Their names were the 
Panama, Oregon, and California, each about 1000 tons 
burden. Our ship was the Panama, commanded by Capt. 
Bailey, one of the old New York packet captains. There 
being no insurance companies in San Francisco, and no 
way to insure the money unless we wrote our owners by 
this steamer, waiting for the steamer to follow two months 
later, we concluded to take the great risk ourselves, pay- 
ing freight for the same on the steamer, to be deposited 
in the purser's safe. There was no railroad or telegraph 
across our country then. 

"Very soon after sailing from San Francisco we found 
the discipline on board very bad. Among the passengers 
was a large number of broken-down gamblers, some of 
them leaving California for their country's good. The 
crew were greenhorns, and the officers were not much 
better. Nights, the quartermasters would sit down on 
camp stools, taking it easy while steering the ship. As 
passengers, besides ourselves, there were ten other cap- 
tains, and we all sympathized with Captain Bailey. His 
duties were arduous. As things looked, for our own 
safety we formed a vigilance committee without advising 
the captain, dividing the watch between ourselves. One 
dark night, off the Gulf of California, just after we had 
turned in, both having the same stateroom, the steamer 
struck heavily on a shoal. We both started for the deck, 
at the same time thinking of the owner's money. Very 
soon all the passengers were on deck, steamer's engines 
reversed, and her headway stopped. For a moment or two 
there was silence, passengers holding their breath, not 
knowing what the next report would be. All of a sudden 
one of the gamblers on the forecastle sang out in a loud 
voice, 'Who discovered the western continent V Another 
answered quickly, 'Captain Bailey,' our captain's name. 
On the strength of this joke the three hundred passengers 
on board grew more hopeful, and a loud shout went up 
from all hands, fore and aft. Pumps were sounded, but 



374 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

the ship made no water, and we sailed on our course, 
reaching Panama after a passage of twenty days from 
San Francisco, having called at the most noted ports on 
the way. I could relate many stirring events on this ship, 
but the foregoing must suffice. 

"The cost of the passage in these early days from New 
York to San Francisco, via the Isthmus of Panama, was 
$440. This was years before the Panama railroad was 
built. The only safe conveyance across was on mules, 
and each passenger hired two, one for himself and the 
other for his luggage, the mule being the only sure-footed 
animal over the rough and rugged road, which was only a 
narrow depth or pathway over the mountains and through 
dense forests, and in the rainy season, with the mud knee 
deep in many places, it was rough travelling for man or 
beast. This road was the one built by Pizarro and his 
followers when they crossed from the Atlantic to the Pa- 
cific to conquer Peru. Several years later, after the rail- 
road was built, I made the trip across to take charge of a 
ship at Panama. This was a delightful ride of only four 
hours, the foliage and the forests in all their tropical 
beauty made a sight to be admired. 

"After crossing the Isthmus we took the steamer for 
New York, where we arrived after seven days, depositing 
our gold dust in the bank of America, on Wall street. 
We arrived home in Salem just one year from the day on 
which we sailed, bringing our own news, with the excep- 
tion of a letter sent from the Island of St. Catharine, 
Brazil, where we stopped on the outward passage for 
water. Our gold dust was sent to the mint in Philadel- 
phia, with insurance, over the road from New York to 
Philadelphia, which was the only insurance placed on it. 
For three weeks returns were made to the owners in 
Salem, in $20 gold pieces, netting eleven per cent over 
the net amount due from the sale of vessel and cargo, 
proving that the gold dust we had received was well up 
to the standard. 

"I started again on another voyage for San Francisco, 
in the brig Faivn, owned by Benjamin A. West and others, 
loaded with groceries and a deck load of lumber, on top 
of the latter being a schooner-rigged sailboat. We arrived 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 375 

at San Francisco after a passage of 165 days, and sold 
cargo deliverable at Sacramento City at 130 per cent on 
the foot of the invoice. Brannan & Osborne were the 
purchasers, the junior member of the firm being J. War- 
ren Osborne, a native of Salem, and a son of William 
Osborne, the stabler. Our schooner boat, which cost 
$250, was sold for $1,200. Returning home via steamer 
and the isthmus, we arrived after an absence of ten 
months. 

"In recalling the voyage one pleasant incident looms up 
above all the other reminiscences of the outward passage. 
We were off the pitch of Cape Horn, 80 days from Salem, 
a long passage owing to heavy westerly gales, when we 
were cheered by a breeze from the east, an unusual oc- 
currence in that region. While making the most of it 
with studding sails set, some one on deck sang out, 'Sail 
ho!' A large vessel was seen coming upright astern, and 
being a fast sailer, she was soon abreast of us. After the 
usual sea salutations, the captain informed me that he was 
from Liverpool bound for Valparaiso, having called at the 
Falkland Island for supplies, and, to our surprise, came 
the question, from a benevolent heart that even these 
dreary latitudes could not chill, 'Would you like some 
fresh meat ?' Of course we readily answered, 'Yes,' and 
thanking him, yet inwardly asking, 'How are we to get 
it ?' for neither of us wished to lose any time by stopping 
our headway. But the question was answered ere we 
thought it. Sailing his ship right ahead of ours, the 
captain paid out over the stern a small line with a piece 
of wood attached. As it came under our bow, providen- 
tially a long boathook was handy, with which we hauled 
the line up on deck, making fast our deep sea lead 
line (as we had been sounding) to the end. Then we paid 
out as they hauled it back on board the ship, bending on 
to our line a large package, throwing it over the stern into 
the sea, with the order to haul in. This we had to be very 
cautious in doing, as our vessels were going about six 
miles an hour. We hauled in the slack as fast as possi- 
ble, at the same time luffing our vessels up, the foretopsail 
aback. When the strain came on the line we eased it 
away gradually, and as our vessel deadened her way, we 



376 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

hauled it on board, and to our surprise found a quarter of 
beef and three ducks. The captain hove his vessel to, 
and when he found we had received it all right, kept away 
on his course. The weather being cold, this gave us 
"fresh" for the week. This was forty-eight years ago, 
when vessels were not supplied, as now, with fresh meat 
and vegetables. The captain was a whole-souled fellow 
and gave me his name and the name of his ship, but hav- 
ing lost my journal of that voyage, I cannot recall them. 

"I sailed again for San Francisco in the new barque 
Imaum, named after the Imaum or King of Muscat, owned 
by Benjamin A. West and others. Upon arrival we found 
the market well stocked with merchandise. We remained 
in San Francisco seven months, peddling out our cargo. 
We then sailed from San Francisco for San Juan and 
Panama, with 140 passengers. After landing passengers, 
we started for home via Cape Horn, and arrived in Salem 
after a voyage of fifteen months. 

"While laying at the wharf in San Francisco on this 
voyage the famous vigilance committee was formed there. 
A few energetic men, weary of the crimes daily commit- 
ted and the injustice meted out by the courts to the pub- 
lic, rogues escaping who could bribe the administrators of 
the law, took the law into their own hands, and catching 
one of these desperadoes in the very act of theft, tried, 
condemned, and hanged him. Of course the officers of 
justice (?) arraigned these men, but a body of one hun- 
dred of the most respectable citizens signed their names 
as accessories to this deed, and from that day the rogues 
caught and brought before the vigilance committee felt 
that sure justice would be done. At the tap of the bell 
on the building used by the committee, five hundred men, 
armed with revolvers, instantly answered the summons, 
and no one but members was allowed entrance to the 
rooms. Through the sympathy of law-abiding citizens, 
two desperadoes, who had robbed and nearly killed a cap- 
tain on shipboard, and committed other like deeds, yet 
running at large, were captured, brought before the vigi- 
lance tribunal, and condemned to death. Some traitor 
gave away the password of the day, while these two men 
were confined in the committee's room, and the rogues 




CAPT. NATHAN A. BATCHELDER 
1821 - 1903 




BARK IMAUM, BUILT IN 1850 
Owned by Benjamin A. West and others. From an oil painting now in possession of Arthur W. West. 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 377 

were taken out and carried to the city jail, and soldiers 
stationed on the roof of this one-story affair to repel any 
attempt by the committee to secure them again. All things 
were quiet for two days. On Sunday there was divine 
service at the jail, and when the congregation arose at 
prayer time, two men standing on each side of the prison- 
ers led them quietly out of the door and into a coach 
which was waiting, and in less than half an hour those 
criminals were hanging by the neck from a beam project- 
ing from the side of the vigilance committee building. 
So were the executors of the law outwitted, and the resi- 
dents of San Francisco breathed freely for several months. 

"I sailed on another voyage from Boston for San Fran- 
cisco, in the barque Wissicumcon, which was previously 
commanded by the late Captain William Fabens of Mar- 
blehead, owned by John Bertram and others. The cargo 
in the lower hold was ice, and between decks freight. 
Arriving in the N. E. trades in the Pacific, the ice had 
melted so much that the vessel was very tender. How- 
ever, fortune favored us, and we arrived at San Francisco 
after a passage of 165 days from Boston. In discharging 
the cargo we found that more than one-third of the ice 
had melted. 

"I sailed from San Francisco for Peru, loading cargo 
at the Chincha Islands for Baltimore, and arriving there 
after a passage of 110 days. Here the vessel was sold. 

"I then joined the ship Greorge Raynes, named for her 
builder, a famous shipbuilder of that time, in Portsmouth, 
N. H., and owned by the late Captain John Bertram and 
others. She was a fine ship of 1400 tons. On my last 
voyage in the ship, having chartered at Valparaiso, and 
having taken the cargo on board, and all ready for sea, the 
night before we were to sail, at midnight, the ship took 
fire and was burned to the water's edge. I had an inves- 
tigation before the United States consul, with no satisfac- 
tory results as to the origin of the fire. We sold the 
vessel at auction, on account of the underwriters, for 
$2,000, returning home in an English steamer, via the 
Isthmus of Panama, after a voyage around the world of 
thirty months, receiving and discharging cargo at the fol- 
lowing ports : New York, San Francisco, Callao, Ham- 
burg, Newcastle, Eng., Hong Kong, and Valparaiso. 



378 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

"Sixty days after notice of loss to underwriters, they 
paid the insurance of $48,000 on the ship and $27,000 
on freight, making a total of $75,000. It was a good 
sale, and the owners were well satisfied. 

"After remaining at home for a short time, I took 
charge of the ship Witch of the Wave, 1200 tons burden, 
owned by B. B. Titcomb of Watertown. This was not 
the original Witch of the Wave, but a ship built later at 
Newburyport, and previously commanded by the late 
Captain John E. A. Todd. The first ship of this name 
came into Salem to be measured and to obtain her register. 
On her first voyage to San Francisco she was commanded 
by Captain Hardy Millett. On my second voyage in this 
ship, arriving at Hong Kong from New York, after dis- 
charging cargo, I took on board 419 Chinese passengers 
for San Francisco, including a Chinese interpreter and 
three doctors. I found them a patient, orderly lot of men, 
and had very little trouble with them on our passage of 
56 days to San Francisco. My last voyage in this ship 
was from Iquique, Peru, to Hamburg, taking on board 
1700 tons of nitrate of soda, at $20 per ton, giving the 
vessel a freight of $34,000. I sold the ship in Hamburg 
for $35,000, returning home in a German steamer after an 
absence of 33 months, making a satisfactory wind-up for 
the owners. 

"I was twenty-one years in those two ships, fourteen in 
the George Raynes and seven in the Witch of the Wave, 
making voyages to China, Australia, the Philippine 
Islands, and ports in the Pacific, visiting many times most 
of the noted ports from Valparaiso on the south of the 
Equator to Vancouver, B. C, on the north. Speaking of 
Vancouver City, I made two voyages from there twenty- 
seven years ago, taking cargoes of timber to ports in 
Peru. It was then called Burrad's Inlet. I cannot help 
contrasting the port at which I loaded with the same of 
to-day. We entered a fine bay, surrounded by dense for- 
ests, the Indians the only inhabitants save those employed 
in and about the two steam sawmills, one on either side of 
this magnificent harbor. There stands on that bay to-day 
a city of over 40,000 inhabitants, the terminus of the Ca- 
nadian and Pacific Railroad. Where was the seer to 



GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 379 

prophecy this wondrous change ? Not among those who 
prepared our lumber, nor with us who received it. 

"I remained at home a short time, when the late Capt. 
Bertram offered me the barque Glide, and I made two 
voyages in her to Zanzibar, Aden and Madagascar. I then 
took charge of the Taria Topan, the property of the same 
owner, but afterwards of Ropes, Emmerton & Co., the 
successors to Capt. Bertram, making nine voyages to the 
above ports. These eleven voyages were very pleasant, 
were made in nice vessels, well kept up, and of first class 
sailing qualities, with light cargoes, the master having 
only to sail his vessel out and home, with a kind agent in 
every port to help him along, the responsibility much less 
than on freighting voyage, where we had to secure busi- 
ness for ourselves. 

"I cannot speak in too high terms of my efficient chief 
officer, Captain Edward B. Trumbull, now superintendent 
of the spacious brick storage warehouse on Bridge street. 
He was by the vessel when I joined her, going with me 
one voyage as second officer, and for the remaining ten 
voyages (one in the Glide and nine in the Taria Topaii) 
he was chief officer. He took a deep interest in every 
thing relating to the ship's welfare, thus relieving me of 
great responsibility. He was a man in whom hope was 
strong, always looked on the bright side, trusting that all 
would end well. It did not matter whether we were in 
the long, tedious calms of the low latitudes or in the 
gale, or drifting near the breakers, he had ever a word of 
encouragement. After I left the Taria lopan he took 
charge, and if I remember correctly made seven success- 
ful voyages to these ports. Those, added to the eleven 
with me and to one made with the late Captain Stephen 
Cloutman, made nineteen voyages,and I have no doubt that 
he is as well acquainted with the harbors and shoals in 
and around these ports as with the streets of his native 
city, the masters having to be their own pilots in and out 
of those ports. 

"After remaining at home a few months, William Stone 
called on me to take charge of his ship Highlander. As 
I had only forty-eight hours' notice, I was obliged to hurry 
matters. Leaving Salem for San Francisco, after a trip 



380 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

of six days across the continent, I found, on arrival there, 
the ship loaded with a cargo of flour. After shipping 
crew, I sailed for Hong Kong. As the ship had been 
laying four years in San Francisco, her bottom was very 
foul, decreasing her sailing qualities. I arrived at Hong 
Kong after a passage of seventy-two days, and remained 
in that port eleven months. Then I sailed for Manila, 
loaded a cargo of hemp on owners' account, and arrived 
at New York after a voyage of nineteen months. This 
was a fine ship of 1300 tons, built in East Boston by 
Samuel Hall, the Stone Brothers paying $110,000 for her. 
She laid at the wharf in Brooklyn two years, and was 
then sold for $25,000. This was the last ship the Stone 
Brothers owned and the last voyage they planned. 

"And now this ends my sea life of forty-eight years, 
sailing over 1,600,000 miles on the ocean, visiting many 
foreign ports, with no serious trouble at sea or on shore, 
and with a thankful heart I acknowledge a kind Provi- 
dence specially directing and watching over me these 
many years." 

Captain Bachelder died in Salem, September 2, 1903. 
He was a member of the old Salem Marine Society thirty- 
six years. Leonard A. Bachelder of Auckland, N. Z., is 
his son, and Misses Kate E., Mabelle and Minnehaha Bach- 
elder of Salem are his daughters. 

Seventeenth Voyage. 

Sailed from Boston Sept. 2, 1876, William Beadle, 
master, and Charles Beadle, captain's brother, mate, for 
Zanzibar. Arrived at Zanzibar and proceeded to Aden, 
where she arrived previous to Feb. 12, 1877. Went ashore 
Dec. 19, on the north point of Zanzibar, but got off all 
right. Sailed from Aden Feb. 21 for Zanzibar, and from 
Zanzibar April 17 for Boston. Passed Island of Ascen- 
sion June 28, and arrived at Boston Aug. 3, 1877, 108 
days' passage. Voyage, eleven months and one day. 

Passenger on the outward passage, Walter H. Trumbull 
of Salem, later a member of the firm of Ropes, Emmerton 
&Co. 

The Glide brought home the body of Captain Stephen 
Cloutman, who died of apoplexy at Zanzibar, June 12, 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 381 

1875, while United States consul there. He was born in 
Salem Jan. 17, 1825, was formerly a shipmaster in the 
African trade, and commanded the Glide on her eleventh, 
twelfth, and thirteenth voyages. 

Eighteenth Voyage. 

Sailed from Boston Aug. 25, 1877, William Beadle, 
master, for Madagascar ; arrived at Tamatave previous 
to Dec. 17, proceeded to Aden ; sailed from there for 
Zanzibar Feb. 2, arrived March 5, and sailed March 10 for 
Boston. Arrived at Boston June 13, 1878, from Zanzi- 
bar March 10, and passed Cape Good Hope April 21, 93 
days' passage. Voyage, seven months and twenty-seven 
days. 

The ship Mindoro of Salem, Captain Henry Gardner, 
arrived at Boston the same day as the Glide. The Min- 
doro came from the Philippine Islands, with a cargo of 
hemp and sugar to Silsbees, Pickman, and George H. Al- 
len. She left Cebu Feb. 7, passed Anjier Feb. 21, Cape 
of Good Hope April 11, and crossed the equator May 10 
in longitude 33 W. It will be seen that the Glide beat 
the ship ten days in the passage from Cape Good Hope. 

Nineteenth Voyage. 

Sailed from Boston June 29, 1878, William Beadle, 
master, for Zanzibar and a market. Arrived at Zanzibar, 
sailed Oct. 6 for Aden, and she arrived Oct. 25. Sailed 
from Aden Nov. 2, and arrived at Tamatave Dec. 12, and 
sailed for home Dec. 25 ; passed Cape Good Hope Jan. 9, 
and crossed the equator Jan. 30 in longitude 30 W., and 
arrived at Boston March 1, 1879. The passage home was 
made in sixty-six days and is the shortest on record. 
The voyage was made in just eight months, and stops 
were made, as will be seen by the foregoing, at Zanzibar, 
Aden, Arabia, and Tamatave. The following comparisons 
of quick passages are made : 

The barque Essex of Salem, Captain William A. Peter- 
son, arrived at New York Feb. 26, 1878, from Aleppey, 
Nov. 22, passed Cape Good Hope Jan. 9, and crossed the 
equator Feb. 1 in longitude 36.30 W The passages of 



382 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIR VOYAGES 

the two vessels, both owned by Captain Bertram, and each 
commanded by a Salem man, are interesting by way of 
comparison with the best speed shown by a very small 
margin, from both Cape Good Hope and the equator, in 
favor of the Essex. New York is considered two days' 
nearer sail under the circumstances of these passages than 
is Boston. 

The barque Sicilian of Boston, commanded by Captain 
William T. Savory of Salem, arrived at New York May 
2, 1878, in 68 days from Tamatave. The best passage 
between Tamatave and Boston was made in 63 days by 
the barque Taria Topan, Captain Edward B. Trumbull, 
which arrived at Boston April 4, 1! 



Twentieth Voyage. 

Sailed from Boston March 18, 1879, William Beadle, 
master, for Zanzibar and a market. Arrived at Zanzibar 
July 25, via Tamatave. Sailed Aug. 12 for Majunga. 
Sailed from Majunga Sept. 12, passed Cape Good Hope 
Oct. 9, touched at St. Helena Oct. 24, and sailed the next 
day and crossed the equator Nov. 9, in longitude 30 W., 
and arrived at Boston Dec. 6, 1879. Voyage in eight 
months and eighteen days. 

Passenger from Boston for Zanzibar, Frank H. Pitman 
of Salem. 

The ship Mindoro of Salem, commanded by Captain 
Charles Beadle, a brother of Captain Beadle of the Glide, 
arrived at Boston two days before the Glide, with a cargo 
of hemp for Silsbees, Pickman, and George H. Allen of 
Salem. She left Manila June 8, passed Anjier Aug. 28, 
Cape Good Hope Sept. 26, and crossed the equator Oct. 
30 in longitude 34.29 W. The ship was absent sixteen 
months. 

Twenty-First Voyage. 

Sailed from Boston Dec. 29, 1879, William Beadle, 
master, for Zanzibar and a market. Arrived at Zanzibar 
on April 11, went to Mauritius, and arrived at Tamatave 
May 25, and thence to Majunga, from where she sailed 
for home. Arrived at Boston Sept. 27, 1880, 80 days 
from Majunga, passed Cape Good Hope Aug. 1, St. He- 



BY GEORGE GRANVILLE PUTNAM 383 

lena Aug. 17, and crossed the equator Aug. 25, in longi- 
tude 22.23 W. 

Twenty-Second Voyage. 

Sailed from Boston Oct. 14, 1880, William Beadle, 
master, for Tamatave and a market. Arrived at Aden 
Feb. 19, via Tamatave. Sailed March 16 for home. Ar- 
rived at Boston July 25, 1881, 131 days from Aden ; 
passed Cape Good Hope May 26, and crossed the equator 
June 23, in longitude 32 W. 

Charles A. Benson of Salem, steward of the Glide, 
died of rheumatism thirteen days before the vessel reached 
Boston, and was buried at sea. He was 51 years of age. 
Mr. Benson was well known in this city, having sailed in 
the employ of Robert Upton and Captain John Bertram 
for many years. He had sailed in the barque Wymon, 
Capt. John Ashby ; barque Hwalloiv, Capt. Edwin Upton ; 
barques Elizabeth and Nubia, Capt. John Ashby ; barque 
Dorchester, Capt. A. Staniford Perkins and Capt. Stephen 
Cloutman, and for six years with Capt. Beadle in the 
barques Taria Topan and Glide. 

Mr. Benson also ministered to the wants of military 
organizations of Salem on several occasions when ashore. 
Many a Salem boy, homesick and seasick, will remember 
kindnesses from him in the shape of some delicacy. Sel- 
dom has a man for so long a time filled such a responsible 
position as did Mr. Benson and left a record so satisfac- 
tory and pleasing to all who knew him. 

It is with a deep sense of high appreciation of this 
worthy man that this tribute is here paid in his memory. 
Walter H. Trumbull, who sailed as a passenger in the 
Glide, said to the writer, "Say something nice about my 
good friend, Charley Benson." Mr. Benson was steward 
of the Glide on her very first voyage. Truly may it be 
said of him that "he was faithful to the uttermost." 

John H. Allis, electrician, of Salem, informs the 
writer that Capt. John Kerivan, who commanded the 



384 SALEM VESSELS AND THEIE VOYAGES 

Sachem, also commanded the barque Storm King of Salem. 
The barque was placed under the British flag in the Civil 
war, and her name was changed to Natal. Mr. Allis then 
made a voyage in her as a boy, and he speaks very highly 
of Captain Kerivan. When the barque was the second 
day at sea a Salem boy, who had stowed away in her, 
came from his hiding place. He told Captain Kerivan 
that he tried to get a chance to go to sea and failed. The 
captain, instead of abusing the lad, spoke kindly to him, 
set him to work, and put him on the barque's articles at 
$10 a month, says Mr. Allis. 

Joseph H. Miller, formerly of Salem, was a boy 15 
years of age on the Glide when Captain McMullan died, 
and William H. Hathorne, the mate, took command. Mr. 
Miller died several months ago, and up to the time of his 
death was the last survivor of his shipmates in the Glide. 

Twenty-Third Voyage. 

Sailed from Boston Aug. 26, 1881, for Aden, William 
Beadle, master. Arrived at Aden Dec. 20, 116 days' pas- 
sage. Sailed from Aden Jan. 4 for Tamatave, and from 
there for home March 31. Arrived at Boston May 11, 
1882, making a fine homeward passage of 69 daj'S. She 
brought a cargo of hides for George R. Emmerton of 
Salem. Voyage, eight months and fifteen days. 



Twenty-Fourth Voyage. 

Sailed from Boston Aug. 10, 1882, William Beadle, for 
Aden. Was cleared by Ropes, Emmerton & Co., succes- 
sors to John Bertram, who passed away March 22, 1882. 
Arrived at Aden Dec. 16, 122 days' passage. Arrived at 
Zanzibar, and sailed March 14 for home. Arrived at Bos- 
ton June 2, 1883, in 80 days' passage from Zanzibar; 
passed Cape Good Hope April 16, and crossed the equator 
May 9, in longitude 32 W. Voyage, nine months and 
twenty-three days. 

(To he continued) 




0. 5= 

uj E 



5 £ 



THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY. 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP. 



( Continued from Volume LIX, page 280.~) 

Lawson Buckminster of Framingham, gent., considera- 
tion $139.11 to Isaac Burnap of Hopkinton, gent., land 
in Hopkinton, 17 1/2 acres ; Mary his wife consents. 17 
March, 1804. Witnesses: Jeremy Stimson, Emily Stim- 
son. (Ibid, vol. xv, p. 81.) 

Isaac Burnap and Hannah his wife to John Rice. 26 
May, 1813. (Ibid, vol. vi, p. 139.) 

Isaac Burnap died 18 March, 1816, ae. 64, at Hopkin- 
ton, and his wife followed him 28 January, 1839. He left 
no will, but the inventory of his estate, dated 3 April, 
1816, was exhibited the 15th of that month, one item of 
which was a note of Elijah Burnap's (No. 306). (Mddx. 
Probate Records, vol. cxxv, p. 333.) 

20 February, 1817, Betsey Burnap (No. 308), now the 
wife of Jason Chamberlain, served her father four years 
after she was 21 years of age, and received no adequate 
compensation ; she should be allowed $100 out of the es- 
tate. Joseph Valentine, Nancy Burnap, Amos Burnap, 
Elijah Burnap, Isaac Burnap. (Ibid, vol. cxxvii, p. 362.) 

Appraisal of real estate 9 March, 1817; heirs, Nancy 
Burnap, Joseph Valentine, 2d, Jason Chamberlain, Isaac 
Burnap, Elijah Burnap, Amos Burnap, Joseph Burnap, 
guardian to Caroline, and Russell Jones Burnap. 

Items in an account give the names of Charles Burnap, 
possibly No. 294, and Amos T. or I. Burnap, possibly No. 
309. 

Hannah Burnap of Upton (presumably the widow) to 
Smith Arnold and Waldo Earle et al., water flowage in 
Hopkinton. 16 April, 1834. (Mddx. Land Records, vol. 
cccxxxviii, p. 515.) 

John H. Jones of Hopkinton, Amos Johnson of Fra- 
mingham, Silas Johnson of Hopkinton, Hollis Johnson of 
Berlin, Hannah Burnitt of Upton, Russell Wood of Taun- 
ton, Charles Valentine of Cambridge, consideration $400 
to Silas Merrick of Milford, land in Hopkinton. 5 May, 
1834. Acknowledged 5 July, 1834. Sally S., wife of 

(385) 



THE BURNAP-BTJRNETT GENEALOGY 

John H. Jones, Betsey, wife of Amos Johnson, Ellis, wife 
of Silas Johnson, Eunice, wife of Hollis Johnson, Sally, 
wife of Russell Wood, also sign. Hannah Burnap signs 
in that form. (Mddx. Land Records, vol. cccxxxiv, p. 93.) 
Acknowledged 5 July, 1834. 

Children, born and baptized in Hopkinton, by first wife : 

305. Patty, born 23 Oct., 1779; baptized 29 July, 1791; died 9 

Mar., 1859, at Westborough. 

306. Elijah, born 15 Mar., baptized 29 July, 1781; died 25 July, 

1862, ae. 81: 4: 10, at Westborougb. 

307. Elisha, born 15 Mar., 1781; died 13 May, 1781, ae. 2 mos., at 

Hopkinton. 

308. Betty, born 8 Feb., baptized 8 June, 1783; died 22 July, 1844, 

at Westborougb. 

309. Amos, born 29 Sept., baptized 1 Oct., 1786; died 25 Nov., 1824, 

ae. 38, at Hopkinton. 

310. Nancy, baptized 11 Nov., 1792. 

311. Isaac, born 18, baptized 20 Oct., 1793; died 5 May, 1869 (2 

May, 1870, in State Records,) ae. 75, at Framingham. 

Children, born and baptized in Hopkinton, by second 
wife : 

312. Caroline N. (V. in Milford Records), born 14 Jan., baptized 

S May, 1807. 

313. Russell Jones, baptized as "child of Isaac and Bulab (sic 

Hannah)," 1 Oct., 1809; died 11 Mar., 1876, ae. 65, at Hop- 
kinton. 

205. Rhoda Burnap, born 23 December, 1753 ; mar- 
ried, 30 April, 1782, in Hopkinton, John, born 12 Sept., 
1746, son of Daniel and Abigail Potter of Brookfield, and 
widower of Lydia Cutting of Paxton, Mass. He was a 
captain, and they lived in Brookfield, where he died 20 
October, 1818, ae. 72, and she died there 11 May, 1843, 
ae. 89. 

Children, born in Brookfield — Potter : 

Cheney, born 5 April, 1783; married, 4 May, 1806, Lucy 

Hunter. He died 14 Oct., 1836, ae. 53. 
Rhoda, born 10 June, 1785; married, 1 Dec, 1808, Warner 

Brown. 
Betsey, born 4 May, 1787; probably married, 19 Jan., 1803, 

James Broad of Barre, and 17 Oct., 1809, Nicholas Jenks of 

West Boylston, Mass. 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP 387 

George Washington, born 5 June, 1789. 

Benjamin Franklin, born 27 April, 1791. 

Jerusha, born 8 July, 1793; died 25 Aug., 1795, ae. 1: 1: 17. 

Luther, born 2 July, 1795; married, 19 Sept., 1817, Potia 

Parks, and lived in West Brookfield. 
Frederick Augustus, born 14 Mar., 1800; died 6 Feb., 1803, 

ae. about 3. 

206. Lydia Burnap, born 12 May, 1757 ; married, 
15 December, 1784, at Hopkinton, Anthony, baptized 1 
July, 1753, at Hopkinton, son of Anthony and Elizabeth 
(Alden) Jones. He died 5 October, 1786, and she mar- 
ried, 26 March, 1795, at Hopkinton, William, born 21 
June, 1762, son of Enoch and Elizabeth Chamberlain and 
widower of Betsey Walker. He died in 1800, and it is 
believed that it was she who, as the widow of William 
Chamberlain, married, 23 May, 1805, at Hopkinton, 
[wornjeth Clark of that place. There is no birth re- 
corded in Hopkinton of any Clark child with a name 
ending in "eth", so he cannot be further traced. 

Children, born in Hopkinton — Jones : 

Simpson, born 4 Oct., 1785; died 13 Nov., 1785. 
Anthony, born 24 Sept., 1786. 

Children, born in Hopkinton — Chamberlain : 

Lydia, born 4 April, 1796. 
Nancy, born 4 June, 1797. 
William, born 14 Feb., 1800. 

208. Hannah Burnap, baptized 21 April, 1745 ; 
married, 24 October, 1771, at Marlborough, Samuel, born 
12 January, 1749, at Marlborough, son of Moses and 
Hannah (Felton) Howe of that place. He was a select- 
man in 1789 and 1800, was a deacon in the church in 
1794, and resided in the westerly part of the town on his 
father's place. They had no children, and he died 31 July, 
1820, ae. 71, and his widow 5 November, 1835, ae. 90: 
9 : 0. 

212. Dorothy Burnap, born 28 May, 1737 ; mar- 
ried, 11 December, 1764, at Marlborough, Phineas, born 
25 January, 1739, son of Joseph and Zerviah (Howe) 
Howe. She died 9 December, 1781, in her 45th year, at 



388 THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY 

Marlborough, and he married in 1783, Sarah Brooks, who 
died 22 July, 1784, in her 49th year, and he again mar- 
ried, 4 January, 1798, Lydia Ruggles of Weston. He 
died 14 March, 1832, ae. 93, and his widow 2 April, 1837, 
ae. 84, at Marlborough, 

Children, born in Marlborough — How : 

Sylvanus, born 27 Dec, 1765; married, 12 May, 1791, Sarah 

Gleason. He died 15 Sept., 1815, ae. 50. 
Elizabeth, born 2 April, 1768; married, 25 June, 1792, Silas 

Gleason, and removed from Marlborough. 
Jedediah, born 28 June, 1770; married, 28 Sept., 1795, Lydia 

Felton, and removed to Coos County. 
Gilbert, born 1, baptized 3 May, 1772; married, 1800, Lydia 

Howard. He died 12 Oct., 1849, a widower. 
Lucretia, born 22 May, 1773; died 23 Aug., 1775, ae. 2: 3. 
Lovice, born 29 Oct., 1775; married, 1795, Daniel Barnes, and 

removed to Hubbardston; d. 6 Dec, 1833,ae. 58, at Hubbard - 

ston. 
Lydia, baptized 6 Nov., 1775. 

213. Elizabeth Burnap, born 17 February, 1738/9 ; 
married, 3 April, 1776, at Marlborough, Jabez, born 7 
April, 1727, at Marlborough, son of Daniel and Elizabeth 
(Taylor) Rice and widower of Mirriam Morse, who died 
28 January, 1776. He died before his wife, who died 27 
November, 1812, at Marlborough. 

Children, born at Marlborough — Rice : 

Moses, born 25 Jan., 1780. 
Paul, born 16 Feb., 1783. 

215. Ruth Burnap, born 3 February, 1747/8 ; may 
have married, 2 December, 1773, Jacob Parke of Groton, 
Conn., although Weaver, in his Burnap Families of Wind- 
ham, Conn., thinks this an error ; however, it is evident 
from her father's will that she married a Parke, since he 
refers to her as "Ruth Parke." If the marriage is cor- 
rect, they had the following children : 

Children — Parke : 

Erastus, born 29 Dec, 1776. 
Betsey, born 18 Jan., 1782. 
Charles, born 20 Jan., 1785. 
William, born 24 Mar., 1787. 
Jonathan, born 4 Nov., 1790. 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP 389 

216. Jonathan Burnap, born 8 June, 1749 ; married 
before 1798, Abigail Parish, whose parentage is uncer- 
tain. She may have been a daughter of Archippus and 
Abigail (Burnap) Parish, No. 144, but if so would have 
been very much younger than her husband, and it seems 
more probable that she was the daughter Abigail, born 14 
July, 1746, of Solomon and Dinah (Wood) Parish of 
Norwich and Mansfield, Conn. They lived at Bethel, Vt. 
No dates of death.' 

Children, born in Bethel : 

314. Averill, born 16 Jan., 1798; died 22 July, 1847, at Bethel, Vt. 

315. Jonathan, born 14 July, 1799; died 6 Feb., 1868, at Troy, 
N. Y. 

218. Benjamin Burnap, born 21 February, 1753 ; 
married, 16 February, 1775, Elizabeth, perhaps born 12 
November,1754, at Windham, Conn., daughter of Zebediah 
and Elizabeth (Durkee) Coburn of that place and of Rut- 
land, Vt. 

Children : 

319. Chloe, born 13 Nov., 1775. 

317. Benjamin, born 23 Mar., 1777. 

318. Bishop, born 22 Dec, 1779. 

319. Harden, born 8 July, 1781 (doubtful). 

320. William (doubtful). 

219. James Burnap, born 5 April, 1756 ; married 
about 1780, at Hampton, Conn., Chloe, born about 1765, 
daughter of David and Elizabeth (Hendee) Martin. He 
was blind, and lived at Hampton, where he died 27 Janu- 
ary, 1840, aged about 84, and his wife died at Windham, 
8 February, 1847, aged about 82. 

The will of Chloe Burnett of Hampton : To daughter 
Acenath Abbott, to daughter Clarissa Griffin, to daughter 
Elizabeth Spencer, to daughter Phebe Bulkeley, and heirs 
of son John Burnett and of daughter Chloe Flint and 
Lora Hammond, late wife of Hezekiah Hammond. Wil- 
liam Brown, executor. 23 May, 1845. Witnesses : Philip 
Searle, Alason Cleveland, Lvndon L. Button. Proved 15 
February, 1847. 

Bond of John Tweedy and Dan Bulkeley of Hampton, 
7 February, 1840, estate of James Burnett of Hampton. 



390 THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY 

Chloe, the widow, Dan Bulkeley and Lester Burnett peti- 
tion for administration, 7 February, 1840, widow and next 
of kin. 

Children, born in Hampton : 

321. Clarissa, born 20 June, 1781. 

322. James, born 16 Sept., 1782. 

323. Chloe, born 26 June or July, 1784; died 29 Nov., 1811, at 

Hampton. 

324. Elizabeth, born 12 June, 1786. 

325. Phoebe, born 19 Feb., 1789. 

326. Asenath, born 13 April, 1791. 

327. John, born 1 July, 1793; died 1 Oct., 1834, in New York City. 

328. Lora, born 9 Aug., 1795; died 11 or 17 Jan., 1817, at Cape 

Vincent Village, N. Y. 

329. David, born 20 Nov., 1797. Weaver says went to Lyme, but 

at least later lived in Michigan. 

330. Jonathan, born 16 Nov., 1799; died 22 Jan., 1881, in Michi- 

gan. 

331. Harriet, born 23 Jan., 1802; died 11 June, 1814. 

332. Lester, born 29 Oct., 1804; died 6 Sept., 1870, at Long Bar, 

Cal. 

333. Ellsworth, born 21 Feb., 1808; died 5 Nov., 1835, killed by 

Indians in Wisconsin. 

220. Martha Burnap, born 6 March, 1758; may 
have married, first, Solomon Abbe, perhaps the son of 
Solomon and Sarah (Knight) Abbe, who removed to 
Mansfield, Conn., but is not given among their children. 
If this marriage is correct, he died before 1784, and she 
married, 2 December of that year, Percy Hebbard, prob- 
ably of Windham, but whose parents are not known. No 
children have been discovered, nor any further particulars, 
except that she died 31 December, 1803. 

222. Luther Burnap, born 14 February, 1764 ; mar- 
ried, 2 April, 1794, at Hampton, Conn., Cynthia, born 5 
or 8 February, 1772, in Connecticut, daughter of Andrew 
and Mary (Benjamin) Durkee, he being of Nova Scotia. 
In the Massachusetts State Records the mother's name is 
given as Cynthia. He lived in Hampton, Conn., until 
about 1804 or 1805, and Weaver, in his History of Wind- 
ham, says "Durkee (probably meaning Luther) went to 
Worcester, had several children, and died there a few 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP 391 

years since, left Luther, Jr., Harvey, Warren, Dolly, Cal- 
vin, Sally and Mary." He was a constable about 1818, 
and in November, 1821, bought a farm on Long Hill, 
Oxford, of which the house was burned 16 January, 1832. 
He died 23 December, 1844 (Mass. State Records), and 
his wife died 4 August, 1866, in Worcester, aged 94 : 6 : 
(Mass. State Records). 

The will of Luther Burnett of Oxford: To wife Cyn- 
thia, to children Luther, Harvey, Warren, Calvin A., and 
Charles C, and daughters Dolly Graves, wife of Frederick 
S. Graves, Mary Bartlett, wife of Jonas Bartlett, and 
Emeline Burnett, and the heirs of my several above chil- 
dren. Jonas Bartlett, administrator. 10 January, 1844. 
Witnesses : Josiah S. Prentice, Aaron Stockwell, Hannah 
Stockwell. Proved 25 December, 1844. 

The heirs petitioned for administration the first Tues- 
day of January, 1845, being named as above. 

Children, first seven born in Hampton, Conn. : 

334. Luther, born 18 Jan., 1796; died 19 June, 1856, at Worcester. 

335. Harvey, born 4 July, 1798; died 8 May, 1S72, at Dudley,Mass. 

336. Warren, born 18 July, 1800; died before 1885, at Dedbam, 

Mass. 

337. Dolly, born 26 Mar,, 1802; died 17 Oct., 1855, at Worcester. 

338. Calvin A., born 29 Jan., 1804; died 30 April (8 May, ae. 60, 

Hardwick Records, 1858). 

339. Sarah P., born 18 Nov., 1805; died 1806. 

340. Mary, born 21 Nov., 1807; died 21 Jan., 1858, at Worcester. 

341. Emeline, born 22 Dec, 1809; died 3 Mar., 1885, at Worcester. 

342. Charles Chandler, born 16 Oct., 1814; died after 1885. 

224. Esther Burnap, born 13 Aug., 1767; married 
1 May, 1794, probably in Hampton, Conn., Dyer, born 31 
January, 1772, son of Abraham and Abigail (Woodward) 
Ford of Hampton. He lived in Tolland, Conn., where 
both he and his wife died in 1848, he being in his 81st 
year. 

Children — Ford: 

Chloe, born 25 Nov., 1794. 
Esther, born 18 Mar., 1796. 
Dyer, born 8 May, 1798. 
Mary. 



392 THE BTJRNAP-BTJRNETT GENEALOGY 

226. Mary Burnap, born 6 August, 1750 ; married, 
19 September, 1776, at Sutton, Mass., Joshua, born 30 
December, 1749, son of William and Ruth (Lovell) 
Waite. As previously stated, for some unknown reason, 
Mary Burnap was born in Hollis, N.H., however she grew 
up in Sutton, Mass., and her children were born there. 

Children, born in Sutton — Waite: 

Sally, born 3 Aug., 1777. 

John, born 23 July, 1778; married (intention), 19 Oct., 1802, 
Amy Stone of Alstead, N. H. 

Polly, born 5 Feb., 1780; married, 6 Aug., 1798, Jonas Bond, 
and apparently, 15 Jan., 1799, Bill (William) Blake of Al- 
stead, N", H. 

Joshua, born 26 Aug., 1781; died 24 April, 1800. 

Amos (Anion), born 4 Feb., 1783; died 13 May, 1813, ae. 30. 

David, born 20 Aug., 1784; married (intention), 20 July, 1813, 
Anna Torrey of Chesterfield, or Grafton. 

Jonathan, born 20 Aug., 1784; died 19 Mar., 1785. 

Josiah, born 18 June, 1786; died 19 Sept., 1808. 

Rufus, born 19 April, 1788. 

Clarissa, born 3 May, 1792. 

Luoina, born 21 May, 1794. 

227. Sarah Burnap, born 3 October, 1751 ; married, 
8 July, 1777, at Sutton, Jotham, born 15 August, 1749, 
at Oxford, son of Ebenezer and Elizabeth (Locke) Mer- 
riam of the County Gore (Oxford), he being called of 
Warwick. They lived in Oxford on his father's farm, 
where he died 22 August, 1798, aged 51, and she married 
again in February, 1809, Colonel Samuel, born 21 April, 
1762, at Leicester, Mass., son of Samuel and Elizabeth 
(Henshaw) Denny. She died 26 December, 1815, aged 
64, at Leicester, and he died 21 March, 1832, aged 70, at 
Oakham, Mass. There seem to have been no children by 
the second marriage. 

Children, born in Oxford — Merriam : 

Sarah, born 16 June, 1778; married, 7 Dec, 1800, her cousin, 

Joel Merriam; she died 24 Dec, 1822. 
Ephraim, born 12 Mar., or May, 1780; died 8 July, 1818, at 

Mercer, Me., unmarried. 
Anna, born 23 Jan., 1782; married, 27 May, 1801, James 

Merriam, Jr., of Ward, Mass. 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP 393 

Jotham, born 9 April, 1784; married, 8 Oct., 1820, Sophia 

Shumway, widow of John P. Nichols. He died 27 April, 

1874, at Rochdale, Mass. 
Reuben, born 31 Dec, 1785; married, 1 Nov., 1821, Elizabeth 

Jane Tainter of Sutton, Mass. He died 27 April, 1874, the 

same day as his brother Jotham. 
Lucy, born 15 Jan., 1788; married, 19 June, 1814, Bradford 

Hudson. She died 16 Feb., 1817. 
Abijah, born 25 May, 1790; died 3 Feb., 1816, at Spencer, 

Mass., unmarried. 
Silas, born 5 Feb., 1792; married, 21 April, 1825, Mary Jacobs 

Forbes of Westborough, Mass.; and 23 Nov., 1836, Elizabeth 

Temple; also (3), 2 Nov., 1843, Harriet Pamela Watson of 

Leicester, Mass. He died 13 April, 1856. 

228. Anna Burnap, born 19 September, 1752; mar- 
ried, 25 March, 1773, Benjamin, born 16 July, 1749, at 
Brookfield, Mass., son of Benjamin and Hannah (Hale) 
Batcheller. He removed to Vermont after the Revolu- 
tionary war, having lived in Brookfield. His wife died 11 
June, 1813, and he married again, 5 May, 1814, Sally 
Dinsmore. He died 12 July, 1826, at Bethel, Vt. From 
the fact that twelve of the children were born in Brook- 
field, it was evidently after 1793 when they left that 
town. 

Children — Batcheller : 

Chester, born 17 Sept., 1773; married Sarah Richardson. 
Molly, born 24 Dec, 1774; married, 24 June, 1798, James 

Raymond. 
Anna, born 11 Oct., 1776; married, 17 Dec, 1799, Moses Snow # 
Benjamin, born 11 April, 1778; married Elizabeth Fay. 
Salome, born 14 Dec, 1779; married Elijah Pierce and Noa n 

Piper 
Stephen, born 17 July, 1781; married, 5 Oct., 1804, Sally 

Benjamin. He was drowned 5 Aug., 1805. 
Hannah, born 17 May, 1783; died 1784. 
Hannah, born 13 Feb., 1785; died young. 
Rebecca, born 13 April, 1787; married John Thomas. 
Zephaniah, born 7 April, 1789; married Ruth Kellogg. 
Asa Wyman, born 25 June, 1791; married Sophia Martin. 
Hannah Hale, born 7 July, 1793; married, 13 Feb., 1813, 

Lodrick Owen. She died soon after marriage. 
John, born 23 Aug., 1795; married Mrs. Barbara Richards 

Erskine. 



394 THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY 

Ebenezer, born 31 Mar., 1800; married Elizabeth Kimball. 
Cynthia Webb, born 31 Dec, 1802; probably died young. 
The births, except the last three, are from the Brookfield Rec- 
ords; the remainder are from the Batcheller Genealogy. 

229. Timothy Burnap, born 25 December, 1753 ; 
lived in Sutton, and served as a private in Captain Samuel 
Sibley's company, which marched on the alarm of 19 
April, 1775, to Braintree on April 21st. He was a corpo- 
ral in Captain Joseph Sibley's company, Colonel Danforth 
Keyes' regiment, enlisting 21 July, 1777, and serving in 
Rhode Island, etc., and is also in a return of men at North 
Kingston, R. I., in 1777, the paper -being dated Stur- 
bridge, 1783. He married, 19 December, 1780, Bethiah, 
born 10 February, 1759, at Sutton, daughter of William 
and Ruth (Lovell) Waite. He died 4 or 26 October, 
1828, at Sutton, aged 75, and his wife died there 13 or 
14 February, 1849, aged 90: 4: 0. 

Bethiah, widow, of Sutton, declines administration, and 
requests that Timothy, eldest son, with Deacon Mark 
Batcheller, son-in-law, be appointed administrators, she 
being incapable by age. 30 December, 1828. Inventory 
31 January, 1829. Elijah Burnap's note mentioned inan 
account 6 April, 1830. (Worcester Probate Records, 
No. 9175.) 

Children, born in Sutton : 

343. Mehitabi.e, born 8 Oct., 1781; died 5 June, 1865, at Grafton. 

344. Olive (Polly), born 6 Nov., 1783. 

345. Timothy F., born 10 June, 1786; died 17 April, 1858, at Sut- 

ton, ae. 71: 10: 7. 

346. John, born 30 June, 1788; died 2 Feb., 1864, ae. 75: 7: 3, at 

Sutton. 

347. Bethiah, born 18 May, 1790; died 26 or 28 May, 1864, ae. 74: 

0: 10, at Sutton, unmarried. 

348. Cyrus, born 27 Jan., 1792; died 4 March, 1876, at Sutton. 

349. Abijah, born 23 April, 1794; died 22 Feb., 1844, ae. 56, at 

Paxton, Mass. 

350. Lucy, born 27 April, 1796; died 31 May, 1796, at Sutton. 

351. James, born 26 April, 1797; died 10 May, 1869, ae. 72: 1: 0, at 

Sutton. 

352. Lewis (M. L., Conant Genealogy), born 15 July, 1799; died 7 

April, 1859, or 1860, ae. 60, at Sutton. 

353. Elijah, born 26 July, 1801; died 27 Feb., 1886, at Millbury, 

Mass. 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP 395 

230. Ebenezer Burnap, born 13 October, 1756, at 
Sutton ; served as a private in Captain James Greenwood's 
company, Colonel Ebenezer Learued's regiment, which 
marched on the alarm of 19 April, 1775, to Roxbury, etc. 
He married, about 1780 or 1781, Thankful, born 30 Oc- 
tober, 1762, at Sutton, daughter of Amos and Mary 
(Curtis) Singletary. He was a blacksmith by trade, and 
lived in Ward until 1803, when he removed to Oxford 
and bought an estate near Town's Pond, but returned to 
Ward in 1810. The Pratt house in Oxford was conveyed 
13 May, 1803, by Sylvanus Town to Ebenezer Burnap, 
and by him, in 1815, to Elias Pratt, Jr. (History of Ox- 
ford.) His wife died 25 June, 1808, or 5 June, aged 46, 
according to her gravestone, and he married again, 6 
August, 1809, in Charlton, Ruth, born 9 January, 1780, 
in Charlton, daughter of Jonathan and Mary (Hincher) 
Tucker. He died 12 March, 1820, aged 63, in Ward, 
and his widow was living in 1837. 

Appraisers' account, 27 March, 1820, on estate of 
Ebenezer Burnap, late of Ward, assigns to Ruth Burnap, 
widow (Timothy Bancroft's land mentioned) to Lavinia 
Pratt, to Sabrina and S} r rena Burnap, to Mary Burnap, 
Erasmus Lilly Burnap and Ebenezer Tucker Burnap, 
minor children. 5 April, 1820. Signed with consent of 
Ruth Burnap, Sabrina Burnap, Syrena Burnap, Zebulon 
Cary, agent for Lavinia Pratt, Thomas Drury, Jr., guar- 
dian for minor heirs. 

Timothy and Abijah Burnap decline administration, 25 
March, 1820, the widow Ruth also declines. Account of 
Aaron Peirce, administrator, amount due from the estate 
of John Pratt of Montpelier, Vt., payments to Sabrina 
Burnap, Solomon Sibley, Abigail Burnap, and others. 
Thomas Drury, guardian to Syrena. (Worcester Probate 
Records, No. 9151.) 

Ruth Burnap, guardian to Ebenezer T., first Tuesday in 
February, 1837, of Ward. Ebenezer T., minor, Ruth the 
widow, Erasmus Burnap, tenants in common of the home 
of Ebenezer Burnap, deceased. Thomas Drury, guardian 
to Mary Henshaw and Ebenezer Tucker Burnap, under 
14, and children of Ebenezer Burnap of Ward, 17 March, 
1820. Benjamin Winn, guardian of Erasmus L., over 



396 THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY 

14, and Ebenezer under 14, 1 January, 1831. Ruth Bur- 
nap, guardian of Ebenezer T. Burnap, 8 July, 1836. 
(Ibid, No. 9152.) 

Children, born in Sutton, Ward and Oxford, by first 
wife: 

354. A child, born about 1781; died 7 July, 1782, ae. about 1 year. 

355. Ebenezer, born 9 June, 1785 ; died 22 Sept., 1803, at Oxford, 

ae. 18. 

356. Lavinia (Levina), born 8 Mar., 17S8; died after 1877. 

The dates of birth above are from the History of Oxford, and do 
not appear in the Vital Records. 

357. Polly, born 2 Jan., 1793; died 9 Nov., 1803. 

358. Sabrina, born 1 Aug., 1795, at Sutton. 

358a. Cyrena (Syrena), born 9 June, 1798, at Ward. 

359. Sally, born 1 Nov., 1803, at Oxford; died young. 

360. Singletary, born 23 Jan., 1805; died young. 

Children, born in Oxford and Ward, by second wife : 

361. Mary Hinoher (Henshaw), born 13 July, 1810, at Oxford; 

died probably 26 Jan., 1830. 

362. Erasmus Lilley, born 17 Dec, 1813, at Ward; died 29 June, 

1890, ae. 76: 6: 12, at Calais, Vt. 

363. Ebenezer Tucker, born 2 July, 1818, at (?)Auburn, Mass.; 

died 30 Nov., 1900, ae. 82: 5: 2, at Cabot, Vt. 

231. Thomas Burnap, born 19 January, 1 758 ; was 
of Brookfield when he enlisted, 5 May, 1777, as a private 
in Captain Edmund Hodges's company, Colonel Josiah 
Whitney's regiment, for service in Rhode Island. He was 
discharged 6 July, 1777. It is supposed to be he who 
married, 12 November, 1783, at Brookfield, Abigail (Nab- 
by), baptized 30 Oct., 1767(?), in Brookfield, daughter of 
Roger(?) and Mary Wellington (Willington). He was in 
Windham, Vt., in 1807/8, according to a family record, 
where he died 13 September, 1819, ae. 62, and his wife 
died 18 November, 1849. 

Children, born in Brookfield : 

364. Luther, born 28 Mar., 1784; died 6 Nov., 1860, ae. 76, at Town- 

shend, Vt. 

365. John, born 5 April, 1786. 

366. Doria (Dosea), born 28 Mar., 1788 (also spelled Dotia and 

Docia); lived in Townshend, Vt. 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP 397 

367. Abijah, born 7 Oct., 1791 ; probably died 14 May, 1869, at 

Rowe, Mass. 

368. Hahvky (Henry), born 6 April, 1794; died at Seattle, Wash. 

369. Sarah (Sally), born 20 July, 1796. 

232. Abijah Burnap, born 11 April, 1760 ; served 
as a private in Captain Joseph Sibley's company, Colonel 
Danforth Keyes' regiment, enlisting 11 July, 1777, ser- 
vice 2 January, 1778, at Rhode Island, etc., and in Cap- 
tain Abijah Burbank's company, Colonel Jacob Davis's 
regiment, which marched to camp 30 July, 1780, on the 
alarm at Rhode Island, and was discharged 7 August, 
1780. He married, 31 March, 1783, at Sutton, Hannah, 
born 20 March, 1759, daughter of Edmund and Hannah 
(Sparhawk) Town. Edmund Town's father, of the same 
name, married Elizabeth, daughter of Zacheus Gould of 
Topstield, against whom Thomas Burnap, No. 27, brought 
an action for debt. 

In 1786 a house in Oxford was conveyed to him by 
John Nichols, and in 1789 another was deeded to him by 
John Wright. In 1797 he was living in Oxford, but he 
died 21 February, 1839, in Millbury, Mass., his wife 
having evidently died before 1835. 

Will of Abijah Burnap of Millbury: To Gabriel 
Wheeler, husband of my daughter Nancy, note by Gabriel 
Wheeler to son Abijah L. Burnap, residue to Elias Forbes, 
Esq., of Millbury, executor, 1, to compensate himself; 2, 
to manage property ; 3, to pay avails to the wife and 
children of son Abijah L. 25 June, 1835. Witnesses : 
Elias Forbes, Lewis Burnap, Lewis W. Forbes. Proved 
first Tuesday in April, 1840. 

Pension of Abijah Burnap : He died on the 21st Day 
of February 1839 and was a Pensioner of the U. S. at 
the rate of $50 per ann. he left no widow and only one 
child Nancy Wheeler, wife of Gabriel F. Wheeler of 
Grafton. 3 March, 1840. (Worcester Probate Records, 
Nos. 9138 and 9139.) 

Children, born in Sutton: 

370. Betsey, born 5 Nov., 1783; died 5 April, 1812; 1802 in dupli- 

cate record, whicb latter date is probably correct, as she 
was about 18, at Sutton. 

371. Nanoy T., born 17 April, 1786; died after 1840. 

372. Abijah Leonard, born 10 Nov., 1795; died 21 Feb., 1840, ae. 

49 or 47, at Millbury. 



S98 THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY 

233. John Burnap, born 23 April, 1762 ; was prob- 
ably in Captain Timothy Bush's company, Colonel Joseph 
Marsh's regiment, 16 August, 1777, under Major Whit- 
comb ; 21 January, 1780, Colonel Peter Olcott, 19 Octo- 
ber, 1780, and in Captain Joshua Hazen's company, Col. 
Olcott's regiment, 27 October, 1780. His cousins Elijah 
and James served in some of these same commands. It 
is stated by the family that he drove artillery mules. 

In 1788/9 John and Uriah (sic) (Uzziah) Burnap of 
Sutton purchased a farm in the corner of Jamaica that 
joins Windham, Vt., and built a log house. In 1792 he 
removed to a farm two miles south of the centre of Wind- 
ham, and was the first one buried in the burying ground 
near the centre of the town (Vermont Historical Maga- 
zine, vol. V, part 3, p. 15.) 

He married, 1 April, 1790, Candace, born 24 Septem- 
ber, 1764, daughter of Timothy and Anne Hale (Kings- 
ley) Bliss, he of Royalston, Mass., and Royalton, Vt., and 
she of Rehoboth, Mass. His wife's sister married his 
brother Asa, No. 955. He was a deacon in the church, 
and died in Windham, Vt., 1 September, 1812, aged 51, 
while his wife died 14 or 15 December, 1846, at West 
Townshend, Vt. 

(Above facts from Miss Annie S. Burnap and Mrs. Bar- 
ber of Montpelier, as well as the Bliss Genealogy.) 

Children : 

373. Lucy, born 17 April, 1791, at Jamaica; died 23 Mar., 1888, ae. 

96: 11: 6, at Townshend. 

374. John Langdon, born 28 Dec, 1792; died 16 Jan., 1876, ae. 83, 

at Townshend. 

375. Uzziah C, born 11 July, 1794, at Windham; died 12 Aug., 

1854, ae. 60, at Lowell, Mass. 

376. Asa, born 22 Feb., 1796; died 26 April, 1878, at Stratton, Vt. 

377. Candace, born 30 Oct., 1797; died 15 Sept., 1800. 

378. Amalie, born 30 April, 1799; died 30 April, 1799, ae. 7 hours. 

379. Ira, born 8 April, 1800; died 22 April, 1800. 

380. Orphas, born 1 Oct., 1801; died 2 Oct., 1801. 

381. Sophia, born 4 June, 1803; died 8 Sept., 1891, in Wisconsin. 

382. Achsa, born 5 Mar., 1805; died 13 April, 1872, probably in 

Windham. 

383. Anna Hale, born 29 Oct., 1807; died 8 Jan., 1898, at Suffield, 

Ct. 



BY HENRY WYCKOFF BELKNAP 399 

384. Gaius Conant, born 7 July, 1809, at Windham; died 11 Sept. , 

1896, at Marietta, Ga. (Batcheller Genealogy, Mrs. Gardner 
S. Washburn.) 

234. Uzziah Burnap, born 20 June, 1764, of Sutton; 
was a private in Captain Joseph Elliot's company, Colonel 
William Thomas's regiment, enlisting 12 July, 1781. He 
was discharged 30 November, 1781, having served at 
Rhode Island. He would appear to have re-enlisted, as 
he encamped at Batte's Hill 1 December, 1781. He lived 
at Hinsdale, N. H., and no record of any marriage has 
been found, but he died there 16 June, 1793. 

235. Asa Wyman Burnap, born 2 June, 1768, whose 
name is given as Aaron in the Massachusetts State Rec- 
ords ; married, first, Harriet Bell, of which no record has 
been found, nor does her death appear. He married again, 
30 June, 1799, Elizabeth, born 15 October, 1772, daugh- 
ter of Timothy and Anna Hale (Kingsley) Bliss, who 
married Benjamin Kingman of Winchester, Mass., in 1824. 
He was a tanner by trade, and lived in Worcester, Mass., 
Lancaster, N. H., Bennington, Vt., where he was register 
of deeds and in 1808 deputy sheriff. He was a subscriber 
to a bill relating to a bridge across the Connecticut river 
at Guildhall, Vt. He had seven children, all it would seem 
by the second wife, and died in 1811, at West Boy Is ton, 
Mass., while his wife died 21 March, 1867, at Brattleboro, 
Vt. Several of the children have not been traced. 

Children : 

884a. Fanny, born 12 Mar., 1800, at Westminster, N. H. 

385. Bliss, born 16 Jan., 1802, at Brattleboro; died 8 Aug., 1876, 

at Moira, Franklin Co., N. Y. 

386. Alva, born 12 Jan., 1804, at Brattleboro. 

387. Miranda, born 21 Sept., 1806, Guildhall, probably his 

daughter, died before 1841, probably in Brattleboro. 
888. Calvin F., born about 1813, at Lancaster, N. H. ; died 2g 
April, 1845, at Sutton, Mass. 

236. Hannah Burnap, born 9 December, 1771 ; 
married, 18 December, 1797, at Oxford, William, born 30 
July, 1778, son of Jonas and Lucy (Oakes) Eddy of 
Charlton. She is called "of the North Gore adjoining 
Oxford" in the records. They removed to Dixfield, Me., 



400 THE BURNAP-BURNETT GENEALOGY 

and evidently he and his son, at least, ultimately settled 
in Orange, Ohio, as he died there 9 June, 1817. 
Child : 

Cyrus, born 18 June, 1809; married, 4 April, 1829, Louisa 
Rawley. He was in Illinois in 1842, and removed in 1846 
to Orange, Ohio. 

239. Elijah Burnap, born January, 1756 ; served in 
Captain Bush's company, Colonel Peter Olcott's regiment, 
at Royal ton, 16 October, 1780, and at Peacham 9 March, 
1781, probably as a corporal. He is on a list of those 
who received snow-shoes in the alarm of 23 Feb., 1781, 
After he was fifteen years old he lived at Norwich, Vt., 
where he bought land and built a log house. He was a 
deacon in the church and a writer of poetry. He mar- 
ried, 11 September, Naomi Farrington, born about 1755 
whose parents have not been found. He died 8 Septem- 
ber, 1819, aged 63, at Norwich, Vt., and his widow re- 
moved to Cornish, N. H., where she died, aged 84, 26 
June, 1839. 

Children, probably all born at Norwich, Vt.: 

389. Orril, born 7 Oct., 1792; died 22 May, 1850, at Deering, N. H. 

390. Aruna, born 10 Oct., 1794; died 29 Dec, 1877, ae. 83, at Cor- 

nish Flats. 

391. Jedediah, born 15 April, 1798; died 28 Feb., 1862, probably 

at Cornish. 

392. David, born 5 April, 1801; died 16 June, 1871, at Plainfield, 

N. H. Some of the data on this line are from a very rare 
and privately printed genealogy of the Burnap family kind, 
ly loaned by the Library of Congress at Washington. 

242. John Burnap, born in Lebanon, Conn., but the 
exact date has not been found ; served as a private in the 
Revolutionary war. He married, 15 February, 1781, Eliz- 
abeth Bartlett, who may have died 15 August, 1782. He 
then married, 28 July, 1785, Eleanor (Nella, Nelly, Ela- 
ner) Freeman, probably at Hanover, N. H., who died 8 
April, 1801. On 2 November, 1801, he married Mary 
Holbrook, who is called "second wife" in the records, 
and who died 28 December, 1805. 

(To be continued') 



IKDEX 



Abaco, 261. 
Abbe, Jerusha, 277. 
John, 277. 
Joseph, 277. 
Martha, 390. 
Mary, 165. 
Mary (Polly), 277. 
Sarah, 390. 
Solomon, 390. 
Thomasin, 277. 
Abbott, Abbot, Ace- 
nath, 389. 
Henry, 164, 266. 
Henry Livermore, 
98. 
Aborn, Margaret, 366. 

Adams, , 108, 113, 

237, 289, 291, 294. 
Abigail, 103. 
Betsey, 270. 
Charles W., 348. 
Ephraim, 154. 
Jefferson, 2, 177. 
John, 7, 8, 10. 
John Quincy, 241, 

295. 
Rebecca, 154. 
Aden, 208-210, 213, 
215, 362-364, 379- 
381, 383, 384. 
Africa, 8, 106, 205, 
236, 249, 349, 354, 
371. 
Agassiz, Rodolphe, 

101. 
Agge, Anna A., 190. 
Chattarina W., 190. 
Emily M., 190. 
Jacob, 190. 
Jacob Gottfried, 3, 

5, 190. 
William, 190. 
Albany, N. Y., 357. 
Albree, Ruth, 273. 
Alcantra, Mansel, 248. 
Alden, Carroll Storrs, 
339. 
Elizabeth, 387. 
Aleppey, 381. 
Alexandria, 6-8, 11, 
12, 19, 20, 240. 



Alford, John, 271. 
Algeziras, 26. 
Algiers, 29. 

Allen, , 28,46,47, 

54, 170, 194. 

Charles H., 12, 20, 

22, 24, 169, 170, 

178, 188, 368. 

Charles Henry, 190. 

Edward, 189, 194, 

201. 
Eveline, 188. 
Frank, 368. 
George H., 9, 10, 

381, 382. 
Hannah, 89. 
Hannah E., 192, 

194. 
Henry, 190, 194. 
Henry William,192. 
Samuel, 89. 
W. H, 46. 
William, 11, 188. 
William E., 11, 12, 

15, 17, 18. 
William H., 24, 170- 

174, 176, 177. 
William Henry, 176. 
Allenton, 111. 
Allis, John H., 383, 

384. 
Almou, May, 102. 
Alstead, N H., 392. 
Alt, Henry, 281. 

Ameling, , 25. 

Amesbury, Amsbery, 
Amsbury (Eams- 
.bery), 86, 88, 89, 
91, 93, 286-288, 
298. 
Amherst, 268. 
Amherst, N. H., 159, 

269. 
Amory, T. C, 219. 

Thomas C, 31. 
Amsterdam, 30, 313. 
Anconia, 172. 
Anderson, Oloff, 173. 

William, 23. 
Anderton, Elizabeth, 
85, 86. 



Andover, 7, 8, 11, 12, 
83, 84, 88, 266, 
298. 
Andover, Conn., 162, 

164. 
Andover, Vt., 154, 

267. 
Andrew, Andrews, 

, 7, 28, 97. 

Augustus H., 209. 
Benjamin, 7. 
Collins Ingalls, 209. 
Daniel, 173. 
Herbert C, 209. 
John, 28, 88. 
John H., 4. 
Joshua, 157. 
Martha, 157. 
N. W., 207. 
Anjier, 15, 203, 381. 
Antietam, 115. 
Antigua, 28, 32, 263. 
Antonia, Metra, 212. 
Antwerp, 10. 
Appledore, 322, 323. 
Arabia, 184, 205, 206, 

381. 
Arabia Felix, 185. 

Archer, , 79, 366. 

George, 201. 
Samuel H., 366. 

Argall, , 321. 

Arnold, Smith, 385. 
Arvedson, Peter, 5, 6. 
Ashbv, Benjamin, 15, 
17. 
John, 383. 
Ashby, Mass., 154. 
Ashford, Conn., 163, 
164. 

Ashton, , 27. 

J. & Co., 27. 
Jacob, 300, 301. 
William, 17-20, 22, 
23. 

Aspinwall, , 373. 

Aspinwall, New Gran- 
ada, 316, 318, 339. 
Atherton, Charles, 

212. 
Athol, 275. 

(401) 



402 



INDEX 



Atkinson, Mary, 85. 

Thomas, 85. 
Attwood, Joshua, 84. 

Mehitable, 84. 
Auburn, 396. 
Auckland, N. Z., 365, 

380. 
Augusta, Georgia, 
352. 

Austin, , 171. 

Australia, 378. 
Aux Cayes, 26, 32. 
Averill, , 266. 

Elizabeth, 154. 

Ruth, 154. 

Sarah, 266. 

William, 154, 155. 
Avery, Anna, 165. 

Robert, 165. 

Sarah, 165. 
Ayers, Eyers, Oba- 
dia, 96. 

Robert, 92. 
Aylward, N., 15. 

Nicholas, 17, 22. 
Azores, 333. 

Babbidge, William, 
205. 

Babbit, , 112. 

Babcock, , 349. 

Bacuna, Yeagua, 60. 
Bahama, 37. 
Bahia, 177. 

Bailey, Bayley, , 

373. 

Abigail, 167. 

David, 89. 

Ebenezer, 84. 

Edward, 83. 

Eliner, 84. 

Elizabeth, 83, 89. 

Experience, 89. 

Jeremiah, 84. 

Job, 84. 

Jonathan, 89. 

Joseph, 88. 

Mary, 84. 

Mehitable, 84. 

Miriam, 81. 

Nathan, 84. 

Persis, 275. 

Samuel, 84. 

Sarah, 84. 

William, 81. 
Bailey & Noyes, 29. 



Bainbridge, , 112, 

113. 
Arthur, 51. 

Baker, , 71. 

John, 165. 
Mary, 165. 
Sam., 211. 
Thomas, 96. 
Thomasin, 277. 
Baker's Island, 10. 

Balch, , 171, 175, 

177, 190. 
Benjamin, 170-174, 

176-178, 189. 
David Moore, 190. 
E. Frank, 190. 
Elizabeth, 175. 
Frank, 175. 
William, 81. 
Balize, 56, 58. 
Ballister, Joseph, 120. 
Ball's Bluff, 99-101. 
Baltimore, 73,79, 120, 
172, 176, 248, 250, 
251, 263, 274, 349, 
353, 360, 377. 
Baltizar, 223. 
Bancroft, Charles,216. 
D., 17. 
James, 272. 
Timothy, 395. 
Baracoa, 25, 263, 306. 
Barataria, 34, 35. 
Barbadoes, 26. 
Barbary, 106. 

Barber, , 398. 

Barcelona, 263. 

Barefoot, , 95. 

Barker, Daniel, 83. 
Mary, 83. 

Barnard, , 104, 

296. 
Thomas, 2. 
Barnegat, 327. 

Barnes, , 335. 

Daniel, 388. 
John, 174, 176. 
Lovice, 388. 
Rachel, 91. 
William, 91. 
Barr, James, 200, 201. 
Barre, 275, 276, 386. 
Barrett, Rebecca, 154. 

Thomas, 352. 
Barron, , 231, 293. 



Bartlet, Bartlett, Abi- 
gail, 88. 

Elizabeth, 400. 

Emeline, 391. 

Gideon, 88. 

Jonas, 391. 

Mary, 391. 

William, 30. 

William F., 98. 

Barton, Samuel, 12, 

15, 19, 20, 22-24, 

170, 172-174, 192. 

Batavia, 7, 9, 191, 198, 

202, 367. 
Batchelder, Bachel- 
der, Bacheller, 

Batcheler, , 

359, 365, 366, 380. 

Anna, 393. 

Asa Wyman, 393. 

Barbara Richards, 
393. 

Benjamin, 393. 

Chester, 393. 

Cynthia, 393. 

Cynthia Webb, 394. 

Elizabeth, 393, 394. 

Hannah, 393. 

Hannah;Hale, 393. 

John, 168, 393. 

Jonathan, 4. 

Joshua, 366. 

Kate E., 380. 

Leonard A., 365, 
380. 

Mabelle, 380. 

Margaret, 366. 

Mark, 394. 

Minnehaha, 380. 

Molly, 393. 

Nathan A., 207, 363, 
364, 366. 

Nathaniel, 285, 288. 

Rebecca, 393. 

Sally, 393. 

Salome, 393. 

Sarah, 393. 

Sophia (Martin), 
393. 

Stephen, 393. 

William, 5-8, 11, 12. 

Zephaniah, 393. 
Bates, James, 172. 

William B., 207. 
Batte's Hill, 399. 



INDEX 



403 



Battle, Anne (Anna), 
277. 
John, 277. 
Baxter, Joseph, 148. 
Bay of Biscay, 183. 
Bay of Fundy, 303. 
Bay of Honda, 235. 
Bay of San Lorenzo, 
311. 

Beadle, , 215,383. 

Charles, 380, 382. 
William, 207, 213, 
365, 380-384. 
Beard, Bard, Aaron, 
269. 
Abel, 269. 
Andrew, 269, 270. 
Anne, 269. 
Artemas, 269, 270. 
Bethiah, 270. 
Elizabeth, 269, 270. 
Hepzibah, 270. 
Mary, 269. 
Dorcas, 270. 
Lucinda(Cene), 270. 
Lucy, 269. 
Sarah, 269, 270. 
Tabitha, 269. 
Beck, Joshua, 85. 

Becket, , 28. 

Retire, 73. 

Beebe, , 357. 

Belknap, Henry Wyck- 

off, 153, 264. 
Bell, Harriet, 399. 
Bellamy, — -, 322. 
Bellington, Alexan- 
der, 28. 

Bellomont, , 323. 

Bellows, , 359. 

Bemis, Ruth, 154. 
Benavides, 115. 

Benbow, , 323. 

Benjamin, Mary, 390. 

Sally, 393. 
Bennett, Josiah, 19. 
Bennington, Vt., 164, 

399. 
Benson, Charles A., 
209, 383. 
G. E., 101. 
Samuel, 176. 
Bent, Josiah, 277. 
Mary (Polly), 277. 

Bentley, ,189,296, 

302, 303. 
William, 274. 



Berlin, 385. 
Bermuda, 187, 208. 
Berry, Ambrose, 86. 
Elizabeth, 86. 
Sarah, 86. 
Hannah, 86. 
William, 11. 

Bertram, , 211, 

215,216, 361, 362, 

377, 379, 382, 384. 

John, 207, 208, 377. 

Bethel, , 351. 

Bethel, Vt., 160, 389, 

393. 
Beverly, 4-8, 10, 11, 
18-20, 22, 24, 31, 
81, 151, 169. 
Beverly Farms, 102. 
Bickford, Abigail, 
271. 
David, 271. 
Ebenezer, 271. 
William, 271. 

Biddle, , 45. 

Bilbao, 31. 
Bin, Alie, 211. 
Bird Island, 323. 
Birmingham, Eng- 
land, 361. 
Bisson, Jonathan, 22, 

24. 
Bixby and Valentine, 

242. 
Blake, Bill (William), 
392. 
Jasper, 287. 
Polly, 392. 

Blanchard, , 79, 

234. 
Jeremiah, 25. 

Blaney, , 248. 

Blasdell, Blaseday, 
Henry, 93, 287. 
Joseph, 239, 240. 
Bliss, Anna Hale, 399. 
Block Island, 328. 
Blodgett, Hannah, 
266. 
Nathaniel, 266. 
Bobi Ali, 194. 
Boca de Carotene, 

121. 
Boca Grande, 67, 68, 

70. 
Boca Grande Pass,72. 



Bolidar, , 121,122, 

126-128, 136, 138, 
140, 152. 
Bombay, 185, 366,369. 
Bond, Jonas, 392. 
Booth, Erastus H., 

342. 
Bordeaux, 33, 116, 

248, 262. 
Boston, 7, 30, 53, 67, 
86, 87, 95, 97, 107, 
169, 170, 184, 185, 
188, 199, 203, 205, 
215, 222, 224, 247, 
248, 250, 263, 264, 
297, 306, 307, 322, 
330, 333, 336, 337, 
354, 358, 363, 368, 
371, 382. 
Boulter, Nath., 90. 
Bourbon, 15, 248. 

Bowditch, , 6. 

Nathaniel, 300. 
Thomas, 11, 200, 
211. 

Bowdoin, , 359. 

Bowen, , 337. 

Francis, 338. 
Bowker, Joseph, 161. 
Boxford, 4-8, 11, 12, 
14, 83, 88, 89, 205. 
Boyce, Henry R., 216. 
Boynton, Jerusha, 82. 
John, 83, 84. 
Lydia, 83. 
Richard, 82. 
Ruth, 83. 

Bracket, , 130, 

134, 138, 142, 145, 
146, 148, 149, 151, 
152, 220. 
Joshua, 120. 
Bradbury, Bradburie, 

, 92, 94, 96, 

285. 
John, 93. 
Mary, 94. 
Theophilus, 88. 
Thomas, 91, 94, 96, 

286, 287. 
William, 93, 94, 96, 
287. 
Bradenham, Robert, 
323. 

Bradish, , 322. 

Bradford, 81-83, 86, 
87. 



404 



INDEX 



Bradley, Bradlee, 

Archippus, 163. 
Francis, 217. 
Francis B. C, 33, 
104, 105, 121- 305, 
308, 353. 
Josiah, 351. 
Roberts., 67. 
Bradshaw, William, 

29. 
Bradstreet,Benjamin, 
83. 
Moses, 283. 
Sarah, 88. 
Braintree, 87, 394. 
Branigan, James D., 

211. 
Brannan & Osborne, 

375. 
Brantz, Mayer, 341. 
Brattleboro, Vt., 399. 

Bray, , 304. 

Brazil, 74, 173, 242, 
314. 

Brewster, . 248. 

Bridge, Ebenezer, 
168. 

Bridgeo, , 32. 

Brigantine, 124. 

Briggs, , 3, 177. 

Enos, 113, 198, 290. 
James B., 169, 170, 

174, 176, 192. 
Johnson, 200. 
Brigham, E. D. & Co., 
333. 
Thomas, 153. 
Bristol, 120. 
Bristol, R. I., 330. 
Broad, Betsey, 386. 

James, 386. 
Broadhead, Frederick 

W., 175. 
Brookfield, 278, 386, 
393, 394, 396. 

Brookhonse, , 15. 

R., 102. 
Robert, 306. 
William, 102. 
Brooklyn, N. Y., 59, 
266, 355, 356, 359, 
380. 
Brooks, 136, 146. 
Caleb, 273. 
Elizabeth, 273. 
Henry M., 206. 
Ruth (Albree), 273. 



Brooks, Sarah, 388. 

Timothy, 201, 206. 

Brown, Browne, , 

9, 36, 96, 103, 359. 

Anna, 158. 

Benjamin, 271. 

Bridget, 158. 

David, 176. 

Edward, 207. 

Francis, 207. 

George, 96, 2S1. 

Hezekiah, 158. 

James, 251, 313. 

James & Son, 251. 

Jeremiah, 157, 158. 

John, 23, 87, 91-93, 
216. 

Lydia, 157. 

Mary, 158. 

Moses, 28. 

Nathaniel, 87, 284. 

Rachel, 86. 

Rhoda, 386. 

Ruth, 158. 

Samuel, 158. 

Sarah, 158. 

Thomas, 158, 172, 
271. 

Warner, 386. 

William, 389. 
Bruise, Anthony, 164. 

Aurelia L., 164. 
Bryant, . 359. 

Benjamin, 6-8,10-12. 

Bridget, 158. 

Sarah, 82. 

T., 201. 

Thomas, 82. 

Watson, 359. 

William, 17. 

Buchanan, , 318, 

335, 344. 
Buckminster, 385. 

Budd, , 237. 

Buenos Ayres, 241, 

251, 252, 364. 
Buffinton, Jas., 200. 

John, 200. 
Buffuni, Alice, 195. 

Caleb, 172, 173, 195. 

Frank Barr, 195. 
Bulkeley, Chloe, 390. 

Dan., 389, 390. 

Phebe, 389. 
Bullard, Samuel, 279. 
Burbank, Abijah,397. 

Caleb, 81, 83. 



Burbank, Daniel, 83. 
Eliezer, 81-83. 
Eunice, 83. 
Lydia, 81, 83. 
Mercie, 82. 
Samuel, 83. 
Burchmore, John, 

201. 
Burnap, , 153,264, 

265, 385. 
Aaron, 399. 
Abigail, 162, 163, 

167, 271, 272, 274, 

389, 395. 
Abigail (Nabby), 

396. 
Abijah, 394, 396, 

397. 
Abijah L., 397. 
Abner, 162. 
Abraham, 162. 
Achsa, 398. 
Alva, 399. 
Amalie, 398. 
Amos, 265, 385, 386. 
Amos T., 385. 
Ann, 165. 

Anna, 158, 160, 393. 
Anna Hale, 398. 
Anne, 275. 
Annie S., 398. 
Aruna, 400. 
Asa, 398. 
Asa Wyman, 399. 
Asenath, 390. 
Averill, 389. 
Benjamin, 155, 156, 

389. 
Bethiah, 267, 268, 

270, 394. 
Betsey, 267, 385, 

397. 
Bette, 266. 
Betty, 386. 
Beulah, 279. 
Bishop, 389. 
Bliss, 399. 
Caleb B., 274. 
Calvin, 156, 391. 
Calvin F., 399. 
Candace, 398. 
Caroline, 385. 
Caroline N., 386. 
Catherine, 156. 
Charles, 385. 
Chloe, 389, 390. 
Clarissa, 390. 



INDEX 



405 



Burnap, Clark, 165. 

Cynthia, 390. 

Cyrena (Syreua), 
395, 396. 

Cyrus, 272, 394, 400. 

Daniel, 153, 155,162, 
278. 

Darkes, 156. 

David, 153, 155, 390, 
400. 

Dolly, 391. 

Dorcas, 156. 

Doria (Docia, Do- 
tea, Dosea), 396. 

Dorothy, 156, 387. 

Ebenezer, 159, 160, 
395, 396. 

Ebenezer T., 395, 
396. 

Ebenezer Tucker, 
395. 

Edward, 166, 167. 

Edward Lincoln, 
162. 

Eleanor (Nella, Nel- 
ly, Elaner), 400. 

Eli, 265. 

Elijah, 100-162, 385, 
386, 394, 398, 400. 

Elisha, 386. 

Elizabeth, 153, 154, 
156, 163, 168, 269, 
270, 273, 274, 278, 
388-390, 399, 400. 

Ellsworth, 390. 

Erasmus, 395. 

Erasmus Lilly, 395, 
396. 

Esther, 156, 165, 
391. 

Eunice, 267. 

Fanny, 399. 

Francis, 274. 

Gaius Conant, 399. 

George, 272. 

GeorgeWashington, 
274. 

Hannah, 153, 156, 
159, 160, 167, 274, 
279, 385-387, 397, 
399. 

Harden, 389. 

Harriet, 390, 399. 

Harvey (Hervy), 
391, 396. 

Horatio Gates, 274. 

I., 385. 



Burnap, Ira, 398. 
Irene, 162. 
Isaac, 162, 167, 271, 

272, 279, 280, 385, 

386. 
Isabel, 278. 
Israel, 167. 
Jacob, 158, 162, 165- 

- 167, 272-274. 
James, 156, 162,164- 

167, 389, 390, 394, 
398. 

Jedediah. 400. 
Jeriah, 162. 
Jerusha, 277, 279. 
John, 160-162, 165- 

168, 264, 265, 271, 
274, 275, 386, 390, 
394, 396, 398, 400. 

John Langdon, 398. 
Jonathan, 154-156, 

159, 389, 390. 
Joseph, 166-168,271, 

272", 385. 
Joseph J., 272. 
Lavinia (Levina), 

396. 
Lester, 390. 
Lewis, 394, 397. 
Lora, 389, 390. 
Lucy, 274, 394, 398. 
Luther, 156, 390, 

391, 396. 
Lydia, 166, 167, 275, 

279, 387. 
Martha, 153, 156, 

268, 390. 
Mary. 153, 159, 160, 

162, 168, 265, 278, 

279, 391, 392, 395, 

396, 400. 
Mary Hincher(Hen- 

shaw), 396. 
Mehetabel, 275, 394. 
Micah, 167. 
Miranda, 399. 
Molly, 265. 
Nancy, 279, 385,386, 

397. 
Nancy T., 397. 
Naomi, 164, 165. 
Nathan, 279. 
Nathan D., 278. 
Nathaniel, 267. 
Olive, 394. 
Orphas, 398. 
Orrel, 400. 



Burnap, Patty, 386. 
Phebe, 165, 390. 
Pius Upton, 265. 
Polly, 394, 396. 
Rebecca, 158, 270, 

274. 
Rhoda, 153, 386. 
Russell Jones, 385. 
Ruth, 156, 157, 161, 

167, 267, 272, 274, 

388, 395, 396. 
Sabrina, 395, 396. 
Sally, 391, 396. 
Samuel, 266, 267. 
Sarah, 153, 160, 165- 

167, 278, 280, 392, 

397. 
Sibil, 164. 
Singletary, 396. 
Sophia, 398. 
Susan, 162, 274. 
Susanna, 267, 271. 

272. 
Susannah, 160, 162, 

280. 
Tabitha, 167. 
Thankful, 395. 
Thomas, 160, 396, 

397. 
Timothy, 160, 394, 

395. 
Timothy F., 394. 
Uzziah, 160, 162, 

398, 399. 
Uzziel, 167. 
Warren, 391. 
William, 156, 389. 
Zorody, 272. 
Burnett, Burnet, Bur- 

nitt, , 153, 

166, 264, 265, 267, 

275, 385. 
Abner, 277. 
Amos, 277. 
Anna, 276. 
Annis, 277. 
Benjamin, 276, 277. 
Calvin A., 391. 
Charles C, 391. 
Charles R., 276. 
Charles Ripley, 277. 
Chloe, 389. 
Cynthia, 391. 
Dolly, 391. 
Elizabeth, 278. 
Esther, 165. 
Emeline, 391. 



406 



INDEX 



Burnett, Hannah, 276, 
385. 

Harvey, 391. 

Henrietta (Hanner- 
etta), 277. 

Isaac, 164. 

Isabel, 278. 

Jacob, 164, 165. 

James, 165, 389. 

John, 164, 165, 276, 
277, 389. 

Joseph, 276. 

Lester, 390. 

Lois, 276. 

Luther, 391. 

Lydia, 275. 

Mary, 391. 

Nathaniel, 276, 277. 

Ruth, 155. 

Sally, 391. 

Sarah P., 391. 

Vesta, 277. 

Warren, 391. 
Burnham, Burnam, 
, 266. 

John A., 173. 

Keutha, 267. 

Timothy, 267. 
Burns, Burnes, Ben- 
jamin, 276. 

John, 172. 

Burr, , 291. 

Burrill, Jesse, 19, 20. 

John, 25, 32. 
Burton, Frank, 216. 
Bush, , 400. 

Charles, 23, 24, 169, 
170, 171. 

Timothy, 398. 

Bustamente, ,353. 

Buswell, Willi, 284. 
Butler, John, 5. 
Button, Lyndon D., 

389. 
Buxton, Bartholo- 
mew, 168. 

Eunice, 266. 

Keziah (Pudney), 
168. 

Timothy R., 266. 

Timothy Russell, 
168. 
Buzzard's Bay, 321. 
Byfield, 81, 83, 84, 87. 
Byrnes, William H., 
342. 



Cabasa, Antonio, 212. 
Cabot, Frank, 103. 

George, 295. 

Joseph, 359. 

William, 359. 
Cabot (Vt.), 396. 
Cadedt, John, 151, 

157. 
Cadiz, 27, 198, 260- 

263. 
Cady, — , 25. 

Caesar, , 71. 

Cairo, 111., 236. 
Calcutta, 2-7, 10, 11, 

14, 17-24, 169-171, 
174, 182, 187, 188, 
198, 206, 215, 248, 
368, 369. 

California, 190, 204, 
307, 348, 372, 373. 

Calista, 164. 

Callao, 377. 

Cambridge, 88, 385. 

Campagnoli, ,104. 

Campbell, Joseph, 
201. 

Campeachy, 56-58, 
125, 263. 

Canada, 304. 

Canised, 60. 

Canot, Theodore, 341. 

Canterbury, N.H., 89. 

Canton, 240. 

Canton, China, 3, 10, 

15, 182, 197-199, 
202. 

Cape Ann, 26. 

Cape Antonio, 36-38, 

45, 67, 220, 250. 
Cape Catoche, 56. 
Cape Cruz, 55, 120, 

127, 141. 
Cape Francois, 29. 
Cape Good Hope, 6, 

7, 11, 18, 20, 23, 

24, 169, 185, 211, 

213, 361. 
Cape Guardefie, 364. 
Cape Henry, 333. 
Cape Morebet, 184. 
Cape St. Philip, 262. 
Cape Verde, 18, 241. 
Cape Verde Islands, 

194, 242. 
Cape Vergo, 249. 
Cape Vincent Village, 

N. Y., 390. 



Carlton, , 104,297, 

359. 

Phineas, 82. 
Carlscrona (Sweden), 

3. 190. 
Carnes, , 185, 220. 

Jonathan, 185. 

Carpenter, , 356. 

Carr, Elizabeth, 154. 
Carrell, Benjamin, 

276. 
Carter, , 48. 

Nathaniel, 87. 
Carthagena, 29, 34, 

264. 
Cary, Mary, 165. 

Thomas, 88. 

Zebulon, 395. 
Carysford, 47. 
Casilda, 219. 
Cass, John, 287, 288. 

Martha, 287, 288. 

Cassin, , 54. 

Catoche, 56. 
Cay West, 252. 
Cayman Keys, 138. 
Cayo Blanco, 111, 235. 
Cayo Francisco, 111. 
Cayo Romano, 116, 

226. 
Cayopelean, 69. 
Cebu, 381. 

Central America, 251. 
Ceriga, 264. 
Cette, 251. 
Ceylon, 254. 
Chaddock, Zervia, 

278. 
Chamberlain, Betsey, 
385, 387. 

Edward, 276. 

Elizabeth, 387. 

Enoch, 387. 

J., 174. 

Jason, 385. 

Lydia, 387. 

Moses, 277. 

Nancy, 387. 

Rhoda, 277. 

S., 204. 

William, 387. 
Chambers, Thomas 

R., 212. 
Chandler, Bette, 266, 
268. 

Charles, 391. 



INDEX 



407 



Chandler, Ebenezer, 

266, 268. 
Elizabeth, 266. 
Eunice, 266. 
Hannah, 266. 
Mary, 266. 
Ruth, 266. 
Samuel, 28. 
Thomas, 266. 
Timothy, 168. 
William, 9, 286. 

Chapman, Benjamin, 
23. 
R. T., 317. 
Chappie, William Dis- 

more, 289. 
Charleston, S. C, 24, 
48, 79, 109, 240, 
250, 264, 330, 349, 
368. 
Charlestown, 2, 85,88, 

273. 
Charlotte Harbor, 67- 

70, 72. 
Charlton, 166, 395, 

399. 
Chase, — , 264. 
Anna, 81. 
Daniel, 89. 
Elizabeth, 89. 
Ezekiel, 81, 82. 
Priscilla, 81, 82. 
Chatham, 12. 

Chauncy, , 59. 

Charles, 322. 
Cheesman, Edward, 
K22. 

Cheever, , 26. 

Benjamin, 22. 
Chelmsford, 83, 86, 

267, 270. 
Chelsea, 298, 360. 
Chester, N. H., 81,83. 
Chesterfield, 392. 
Childs, Bradley, 163. 

John, 163. 
Timothy, 163. 

China, 201, 295, 367, 
378. 

Chincha Islands, 377. 

Chipman, Ward, 32. 

Chittenden, Thomas, 
161. 

Christ Church, 153. 

Christiansand, Nor- 
way, 26-31. 



Church, John, 170. 

Stephen, 19, 20, 22, 
173, 174. 
Churchill, , 104. 

William G., 208. 
Claflin, John, 277. 

Lydia, 277. 

Claiborne, , 35. 

Clark. Clarke, , 

264, 337, 338. 

[wornjeth, 387. 

Arthur H., 336. 

Nathaniel, 96. 

Sarah, 154. 

Thomas, 211. 

William, 154. 

Clarkson, , 31. 

Claxton, , 237. 

Cleveland, A lason, 389. 
Cloon, W. F., 209. 
Clough, John, 93, 284. 

Cloutman, , 11,26, 

380. 

Stephen, 207, 362, 
363, 379, 383. 
Coburn, Elizabeth, 
389. 

Zebediah, 389. 
Cocheco, 90, 94, 95. 
Cocke, W. H., 52. 
Coeur de Lion, Rich- 
ard, 67. 
Coffin, Coffyn, Abi- 
gail, 87. 

Daniel, 87. 

Joseph, 87. 

Peter, 90. 

Rebecca, 87. 

Cogswell, , 99. 

Cohasset, 222, 263. 

Cohen, , 357. 

Colby, Samuel, 91. 
Colcord, Edward, 92- 
96, 281, 284, 285, 
288. 

Sam., 281. 
Cole, Abraham, 93. 

Samuel, 323. 

William, 95. 
Coleman, Colman, 
, 12, 323. 

Thomas, 285. 

William, 6-8, 11, 12, 
15, 17, 19, 20. 
Collins, , 263. 

Edward, 11. 

John, 200, 201. 



Colman and Farmer, 

12. 
Colorados, 54. 
Columbus, Ga., 333. 
Conant, Mary, 93. 

Condit, , 102. 

Confrecina, 36, 235. 
Congo, 311, 338, 353, 

354. 
Connecticut, 155. 
Conner, Connor, Cor- 
nelius, 93, 284. 
Cooch, William, 87. 
Cook, . 194, 360. 

Joseph, 201. 

Rachel, 167. 
Coombs, Philip, 87. 

William H., 18. 

William R., 17. 
Copeland, Ebenezer, 
280. 

Sarah, 280. 

William, 280. 
Copenhagen, 26-28, 

30-32. 
Corin, Perley, 280. 
Cornish, N. H., 400. 

Cortina, , 337. 

Coruna, 31, 260, 262. 
Cotton, , 219. 

Leonard, 85. 
Cotton Keys, 127. 
Courcy, Baron de, 103. 
Coventry, Conn., 160, 

161.' 
Cox, Benjamin, 11,24. 

Moses, 286. 

R. I., 79. 
Coxetter, Louis M., 
349. 

Crabtree, , 305. 

Crafts, David, 201. 

Crawford, , 309, 

312. 

Henry C, 342. 
Cronstadt, Russia, 77. 
Croswell, Andrew, 89. 

Crowninshield, , 

98, 187, 302. 

B., 201. 

B. W., 297. 

Casper, 98. 

Clifford, 192. 

Francis B., 73. 

G., 303. 

George, 73, 303. 

George & Sons, 73. 



408 



INDEX 



Crump, , 204. 

Cuba, 22, 23, 25, 45, 
48, 52, 62, 74, 105, 
106, 114-116, 125, 
127, 132, 134, 141, 
203, 217, 222, 226, 
250, 261-263, 349, 
354. 
Curacoa, 26, 313. 

Currier, , 370. 

Richard, 91,93,286, 

288. 
Stephen, 5. 
Thomas, 91. 
& Townsend, 369. 

Curtis, , 33. 

Arthur R., 98. 
Ebenezer, 83. 
Elizabeth, 83. 
Mary, 395. 
Stephen, 361. 

Curwen, , 103, 

104, 357. 
Henry, 361. 
James B., 207. 

Cushing, , 184, 

297. 
Cushman, Anna, 165. 
Cutler, Lucinda, 163. 
Luther, 277. 
Lydia, 166. 
Nancy, 277. 
Cutt, Richard, 288. 
Cutter, Sarah, 153. 
Cutting, Lydia, 386. 

Daby, Joseph, 276. 
Daland, , 5, 15. 

Tucker, 12, 177,188, 
207. 

Dale, , 47. 

Dallas, , 229. 

Dalrymple, , 15. 

Dalton, , 286. 

Elisabeth, 287. 

Mehetabel, 92. 

P. R., 195. 

Philemon, 286. 

Samuel, 90-95, 281- 
287. 

Samuel M., 5. 

Timothy, 95. 
Damon, Amos, 166. 

Daniel, 272. 

Rebeckah, 269. 

Samuel, 272. 



Dana, N. J. T., 100. 

Richard Henry, 307. 
Danvers, 2-7, 11, 15, 

298. 
Darby, Asa, 270. 
Mary, 270. 

Darling, , 170. 

Dartmoor, 5. 

Davis, , 170. 

Jacob, 397. 
John, 282. 
Mary, 89. 
William, 8. 
Dearborn, Thomas, 
281. 

De Carteret, , 

Mrs., 315. 
Decatur, — , 231. 
Decker, John, 86. 

Lydia, 86. 
Dedham, 391. 

De Horsey, , 346. 

De la Graviere, Juri- 

en, 343. 
Deneasche, Francis, 

176. 
Denison, Daniell, 96. 
Dennis, Francis B., 
22, 200. 

Denny, , 29. 

Elizabeth, 392. 
John, 29. 
Samuel, 392. 
Sarah, 392. 
Derby, E. H., 197, 
198. 
Elias Basket, 197, 
198, 290. 
Derry, N. H., 84. 

Devereux, , 30. 

Dexter, George, 210. 
Diabolito (little Dev- 
il), 36, 54, 112. 

Dillingham, , 262. 

Dimock, Elias, 164. 
Justin, 164. 
Lydia, 164. 
Dinsmore, Sally, 393. 
Dixfield, Me., 160. 
Dixy Bull, 321. 
Dockham, Stephen 

B., 9. 
Dodge, Nancy, 270. 
Dog Keys, 305. 
Dole, Jonathan, 85. 
Matthew P., 25. 



Domingo, 53. 
Domingo City, 233. 
Dominico, 32, 127,128, 

133, 135. 
Don, George, 261. 
Don Miguel, 251. 
Doolittle, Ephraim, 

279. 
Dorchester, 24, 170. 

Dorring, , 160. 

Dorset, 186. 
Douglas, Douglass, 
Benjamin, 209. 
Darius, 261. 
John, 164. 
Ruth, 266. 
Stephen A., 343. 
Dover, 90. 
Dover, N. H., 176. 
Dow, Henry, 90, 91, 
94, 281, '284, 288. 
Joseph, 91. 
Phebe, 83. 

Downer, , 94. 

Robert, 94. 
Downing, C. M., 23. 
Charles M„ 22, 23. 
Dracut, 81. 
Drake, Abraham, 95, 

284, 285. 
Dresser, Daniel, 82. 

Mary, 82. 
Drew, William, 24, 
170. 

Driver, , 195. 

David, 17, 19, 20, 22, 

23. 
William, 12, 15, 16, 
194. 

Drury, , 266. 

Thomas, 395. 
Dublin, 23, 252. 
Dublin, N. H., 278. 
Dudley, Elias, 25. 

Saml., 90. 
Dudley, Mass., 391. 
Duncan, John, 212. 
Dunham, David & 

Co., 109. 
Dunlap, Osgood, 336. 
Dunn, Elizabeth, 86. 
Lucy, 269. 
William, 86. 
Dunstable, 84. 
Dunster, Anne, 269. 



INDEX 



409 



Du Pont, Admiral, 

237. 
Durgin, William, 282. 
Durkee, Andrew, 390. 

Cynthia, 390. 

Elizabeth, 389. 

Mary, 390. 
Dustin, The, 96. 
Dutch, Deputy, 104. 

Ebenezer, 81, 82. 

Phebe, 82. 
Duxbury, 215. 

Eagleston, John, 372, 

373. 
Eames, Jane, 84. 

Jeremiah, 84. 
Earle, Waldo, 385. 
Easman, Benjamin, 
283. 

Joseph, 283. 

Thomas, 283. 

Timothy, 283. 
East Indies, 362. 
Eaton, Edmond, 158, 
271, 272. 

Phebe, 82. 

Sarah, 158. 

Echevarria, , 240. 

Eckford, Henry, 109. 
Eddy, Hannah, 399. 

Jonas, 399. 

Lucy, 399. 
Edwards, Nicholas, 
15. 

Thomas, 361. 

Eggleston, , 350. 

Eldredge, Eldridge, 

, 263. 

Eliot (Elliot, Elliott), 
John, 81, 84. 

Joseph, 399. 

Robert G., 17, 18. 

Sarah, 84. 
Elithorp, Nathaniel, 

283. 
Elkins, Mary, 186. 
Ellingwood, E., 20. 
Ellis, Hannah, 277. 

Joseph, 277. 
Ellison, John, 23. 
Elton, , 37. 

J. H., 45. 

Ely, , 23. 

Emboden, 28. 
Emerson, , 194. 

Edward, 86. 



Emerson, Henry W., 
211. 
Nathaniel, 287. 
Emery, Samuel, 20. 

Emmerton, , 192, 

211, 379, 380, 384. 
Charles S., 192. 
E. Augustus, 192, 

207. 
Ephraim, 12, 15, 

181, 192, 207. 
Ephraim, Jr., 17. 
George R., 192, 384. 

Endicott, , 12, 18, 

104, 177, 183, 187, 
191, 192, 304. 
Aaron, 76, 77. 
Charles, 76. 
George, 104. 
George W., 15, 192. 
John, 183, 192, 206. 
Mary, 183, 192. 
Robert, 183. 
S. & G., 15. 
Samuel, 2-8, 10-12, 
14, 16-19, 23, 24, 
178, 182, 183, 191. 
William, 104. 
William C, 104. 
England, 183, 290-292, 
296, 299, 302, 3C4. 
English, Philip, 102. 
Erie, 353-355. 
Erskine, Barbara 

Richards, 393. 
Essex, 303. 
Essex County, 74. 
Eucalla, Domingo, 65, 

66. 
Europe, 105. 
Evans, Evens, Rich- 
ard, 216. 
Robert, 95. 

Eveleth, , 28. 

Exeter, 286, 287. 
Exeter, N. H., 203. 
Eyers, see Ayers. 

pabens, , 250. 

Charles, 366. 

William, 201, 250, 
377. 
Fair Haven, 78. 
Fair Oaks, 100. 
Falkland Islands, 340. 
Falmouth, 88, 89. 
Farhsund, 26, 30. 



Farmer, Prince.ll, 12, 

15. 
Farnam, Henry, 120. 

Farragut, , 114, 

115, 233, 291. 

David Glasgow, 113. 
Farrington, Naomi, 

400. 
Farwell, William C, 

172. 
Fawsatt, J. W., 200. 
Fay, Elizabeth, 393. 
Felt, John, 103. 

Joseph, 190. 
Felton, Hannah, 387. 

Lydia, 388. 

Ferguson, , 263. 

Fields, Betsey, 154. 
Fifeild, Benjamin, 96, 

281. 
Fiji Islands, 77, 189. 
Fillmore, , 322. 

John, 322. 

Millard, 322. 
Finch, Wm. B., 248. 
Fish, , 265. 

Hepzibah, 265. 
Fisher, John, 174. 

John H., 211. 
Fisk, Fiske, ,264. 

Hepzibah, 265. 

John, 265. 
Fitchburg, 166, 267. 
Fitts, Tamas, 159. 
Fitzpens, 186. 
Flagg, Charles E., 

173. 
Fleckefiord, 32. 
Fletcher, Hazard, 176. 

Remembrance, 266. 
Flint, Chloe, 389. 

Ebenezer, 167. 

John, 168. 

Tabitha, 167. 
Florentine, George 

C, 212. 
Florida, 35, 37, 40, 47, 

67, 71, 106. 
Florida, East, 305. 
Fly, William, 323. 
Folger, Elisha, 201. 
Foote, , 236, 237. 

Andrew Hull, 235, 
345. 

S. A., 235. 



410 



INDEX 



Forbes, Elias, 397. 
John M., 99. 
Mary Jacobs, 393. 
Forbusfa, Rhoda, 270. 
Ford, Abigail, 391. 
Chloe, 391. 
Dyer, 391. 
Esther, 391. 
Jacob, 22. 
Mary, 92, 391. 
Robert, 92, 283. 
Forman, Alexander, 
216. 

Forrester. , 197. 

John, 10. 

Simon, 197, 200,201. 
Forrester, Nichols & 

Hodges, 197. 
Forster.Nathaniel, 87. 
Fort Donelson, 236. 
Fort Henry, 236. 
Fort Warren, 97. 
Foster, Abigail, 271. 
Eunice, 83. 
George B., 177. 
James, 271. 
Jonathan, 271. 
Robert, 177. 
Samuel, 271. 
W. H., 360. 
Foulsham, John, 288. 
Fowle, Mary, 154. 
Fowler, Jane, 89. 
Fox, Edward, 90. 
Foxardo, Porto Rico, 

229. 
Framingham, 277,385, 

386. 
France, 34, 36, 182, 
183, 290, 292, 299, 
369. 

Francis, , 360. 

John, 366. 
Joseph, 8. 
Franklin, Charles, 

189. 
Frederick, David, 210. 
Fredericks, Morgan, 

342. 
Fredericksburg, 10. 

Freelons, , 226. 

Freeman, , 46. 

Eleanor (Nella, 

Nelly, Elaner), 
400. 
Freeze, James, 91. 
French, Edward, 90, 



French, Joseph, 90. 
Fresno, Calif., 362. 
Friend, Charles, 32. 
Fries, August, 103. 
Frink, Betsey, 154. 

Rufus, 79. 
Frost, John, 200. 

Frothingham, , 

104. 

Joseph, 88. 
Frye, John, 216. 
Fuller, Giles,285, 287, 

Jno.,288. 

William, 91. 

Gale, Edward, 5, 6. 

Mary, 190, 279. 

Samuel, 9. 

William C, 9. 
Gallinas, 341. 
Gallup, John L., 24. 
Gannett, Hannah,275. 
Galveston, Texas, 36, 

308, 310, 313. 
Gardner, , 381. 

Barnes A., 209. 

Howard P., 212. 

J. & R., 201. 

Richard, 27, 201. 

Weld, 200. 
Gardner, Mass., 269, 

270. 
Garfield, Andrew B., 

160. 
Garland, Jonathan, 90. 

Nathaniel, 201. 
Garnett, George, 342. 
Garonne, 36. 
Gaspar, Jose (Gaspa- 
rilla), 67, 72, 109, 
110. 
Genoa, 176. 
George, Benjamin, 82, 
87. 

Margaret, 82, 87. 
Georgia, 106. 

Geravdeia, , 29. 

Gerrish, , 26. 

Gerry, , 298. 

Elbridge, 297. 
Gerrymander, 297. 
Gettysburg, 98, 115. 
G;bara, Cuba, 262. 
Gibaut, John, 201. 
Gibbs, , 36. 

Hannah, 157. 

John, 157. 



Gibbs, Samuel, 280. 
Gibraltar, 5, 29, 50, 
172, 201, 232, 260, 
261. 

Gibson, , 256. 

Giddings, , 31. 

Solomon, 6. 

Gilchrist, , 10. 

Gill, Sarah Phippen, 

186. 
Gill, Mass., 277. 

Gillette, -, 309. 

Gillman, John, 288. 
Gilpin, John, 335. 
Glasgow, 251. 

Glavery, , 179. 

Gleason, Elizabeth, 
388. 
Sarah, 388. 
Silas, 388. 
Glendale, 100. 
Gloucester, 27, 73, 87- 
89, 264, 305, 319, 
321. 
Glover, J. G., 15, 23. 
James G., 15, 17,18, 
22. 
Goddard, John, 281, 

282. 
Godfrey, Hannah, 86. 
Mary, 86. 
Peter, 85, 86. 
Gold, Nathan, 91. 
Goldsmith, John, 169, 

170, 201. 
Goldthwait, Luther, 

3, 5-8, 11. 
Goldwyer, George,90, 
91,' 94, 95. 
Martha, 90. 
Gomez, John (Pan- 
ther Key), 68-70, 
72. 
Goodale, Mary, 93, 
268. 
Nathan, 275. 
Persis, 275. 
Richard, 93, 284. 
Goodall, Thomas, 120, 
122, 127. 

Goodhue, , 27. 

Benjamin, 200. 
Jeremiah, 31. 
John B., 20, 22. 
Manasseh, 4. 
William W., 210. 



INDEX 



411 



Goodridge, Hannah, 

89. 
Goodwin, Icbabod, 
336. 
James, 280. 

Gordon, , 339,341, 

342, 344, 354, 356, 
358. 
Nathaniel, 353, 354. 
Goss, Ezekiel,173,174. 
John, 84. 
Mehitable, 84. 
Gothenburg, 25, 28, 

30, 31. 

Gould, John, 96. 

Zacheus, 397. 

Grafton, W., 200. 

Grafton, Mass., 83, 

392, 394. 

Graham, , 235. 

Grand Manan, 303. 
Grand Terre, 34. 
Granger, John, 278. 
Granswalcl, 263. 

Grant, , 233, 236. 

Gravelly Point, 328. 

Graves, , 29, 245, 

246. 
Dolly, 391. 
Frederick S., 391. 
Samuel, 243. 
William B., 171. 
Gravesend, England, 

23. 
Gray, Robert, 198. 
Samuel, 200, 201. 
William, 32, 197, 
200, 233, 290, 295, 
297. 

Green, , 264. 

J. E., 99. 
Greenleaf, Benjamin, 
86. 
Edmund, 87. 
Timothy. 172. 
Tristram, 88. 
Greenock, Scotland, 

120, 223. 
Greenough, Richard, 



Gregory, , 59. 

Francis H., 46, 56, 

58. 
Michael, 346. 
Grele, Phillip, 90, 91, 
94. 

Grice, , 112. 

Griffin, Clarissa, 389. 
Ednah. 82. 
Jonathan, 82, 86. 

Grindall, , 359. 

Grivegnee & Co., 29. 
Groton, 81, 88, 89. 
Groton, Conn,, 388. 
Groveland, 81. 

Grover, , 306. 

Grozier, Caleb, 239. 

Caleb W., 238. 
Guadeloupe, 27, 28, 

305. 
Guildhall, Vt., 399. 
Gulf of Mexico, 107, 

308. 
Gullimillit, Breti, 66. 
Gunnison, Gunneson, 
Ebenezer, 25, 32. 
Guthrie, J. J., 338. 
Gutterez, Juan, 64. 



Hacker, , 194. 

Haddon, Gerard, 287. 

Janett, 93. 
Haines, Eliza, 173. 
Haiti, 114. 
Hale, , 366. 

Anne, 398. 

Candace, 398. 

David, 342. 

Hannah, 393. 

Henry A., 366. 

Lodrick, 393. 

Timothy, 398. 
Hall, C. C., 160. 

George W., 211. 

Isaac, 86. 

Samuel, 380. 
Hallowell, Edward N., 



Greenville, 

323. 
Greenwood, 
155. 
James, 395. 



Norwood P., 98. 
Hamburg, 4, 191, 198, 
377, 378. 
Henry, Hamilton, Alexander, 

29, 289. 
Caleb, Paul, 113. 

Hamilton, Mass., 4, 9, 
92. 



Hammersly, , 113. 

Hammond, Hezekiah, 
389. 
Lora, 389. 
Hampstead, 83. 
Hampton, Conn., 155, 

164, 389-391. 
Hampton, N. H., 87, 
88, 90-96,281,284- 
286, 288. 
Hampton Falls, N. 

H., 85, 89'. 
Hancock, John, 173, 

201. 
Hanscom, Samuel, 

336. 
Haraden, Harradin, 
Andrew, 23, 170. 
Andrew, Jr., 24. 
Joanna, 89. 
Joseph, 89. 

Hardy, , 304. 

Anna, 83. 
Daniel, 85. 
Edmund, 84. 
Eliphalet, 85. 
Hannah, 84. 
Job, 84. 
Joseph, 81. 
Lydia, 84. 
Mehitable, 85. 
Miriam, 84. 
Moses, Jr., 84. 
Philip, 84. 
Ruth, 81, 84. 
Sarah, 85. 
Susannah, 81. 
Thomas, 83, 84. 
Harper, William T., 

210. 
Harriman, Hariman, 
Jane, 82. 
John, 82. 
Lenard, 90. 
Harris, William, 172. 

Harrison, , 249. 

Hart, Charles, 240. 
Hartford, Conn., 50, 

235, 336. 
Harvard, 83. 
Harvey, John, 6. 
Judith, 88. 
William, 88. 

Harwood, , 112. 

Haskell, , 183. 

Andrew, 7, 8, 11. 
Elizabeth, 182. 



412 



INDEX 



Haskell, George M., 
23. 
Mark, 182. 
Michael, 200. 
Ulysses G., 182. 
William, 2, 3, 177, 
182, 187. 
Haswell, Charles H., 

51. 
Hatch, Ruth, 161. 

Hathorne, , 214, 

216. 
William H., 36, 210- 
212, 215, 384. 
Hatteras, 329. 
Havana, 38, 45, 48, 52, 
58, 60, 62, 75, 78, 
79, 104, 105, 109, 
112, 115, 116, 118, 
125, 186, 187, 222, 
240, 241, 248-251, 
261-264, 311, 315, 
346. 
Haven, John, 280. 
Mary, 154. 
Samuel, 279, 280. 
Haverhill, 81, 82, 84, 
85, 88, 92, 95, 96, 
176, 281, 298. 
Havre de Grace, 15. 
Hawkins, Thomas, 
321. 

Hawthorne, , 102, 

103. 
William Hollings- 
worth, 207. 
Hayens, Samuel B., 

342. 
Hayward, Amos, 265. 
Bette, 266. 
Elizabeth, 266. 
Jabez, 266. 
Mary, 168, 265. 
Hazen, Joshua, 398. 
Heald, T., 266. 
Heath, John, 96. 
Hebard, Hebbards, 
Martha, 156. 
Percy, 390. 
Hendee, Elizabeth, 

389. 
Henderson, Jos., 200. 
Henry, Mary E., 160. 
Henshaw, Elizabeth, 
392. 
Mary, 395. 



Hernandez, Augustus, 
66. 

Juan, 64, 66. 
Herrick, , 32. 

James, 212. 
Heweson, Neal P., 

336. 
Higginson,Hittie,102. 
Hill, , 201. 

A., 240. 

Alfred, 238, 239. 

Hugh, 200. 

Tamzen, 158. 
Hiller, Joseph, 195. 
Hills, Jacob, 83. 

Margaret, 83. 
Hilton, , 262. 

Edward, 282, 288. 

William, 282, 283. 
Hincher, Mary, 395. 
Hingham, 220, 224, 

275. 
Hinsdale, N. H., 160, 

399. 
Hitchens, Augustus, 

174. 
Hobbs, Jeames, 91. 

Morris, 91, 285, 286. 

Hodges, Hodge, , 

197. 

Benjamin, 197. 

Edmund, 396. 

Gamaliel, 200. 

Jona., 200. 

Michael, 85. 
Hodgkins, Philip, 89. 

Sarah, 89. 
Hoffman, Charles, 336. 
Holbrook, Mary, 400. 
Holland, 292. 
Hollis, Charles, 171. 
Hollis, N. H., 84, 160, 

392. 
Holliston, Mass., 279. 
Holman, , 104. 

Jonathan, 195. 
Holmes, Oliver Wen- 
dell, 98. 
Holt, Benjamin, 166. 

Isaac, 167. 

John, 167. 

Mary, 183. 

Mehitabel, 167. 

Nathan, 183. 

Holyoke, , 104. 

Homes, John, 279. 



Hong Kong, 202, 342, 

377, 378, 380. 
Honolulu, 370. 

Hoodless, , 306. 

Hooghly River, 3, 18, 
174. 

Hooper, , 9. 

Asa, 201. 

CM., 99. 

J. H.,99. 

N., 32. 

R. and Sons, 28. 

W., 32. 

Hopkins, , 262. 

Hopkinson, Ebenezer, 
273. 
John, 81, 84. 
John, Jr., 84. 
Jonathan, 83. 
Margaret, 83. 
Rebecca, 84. 
Ruth, 273. 
Sarah, 81. 
Hopkinton, 153-156, 

275-278, 385-387. 
Hoplands, 285. 
Horn, D. B., 340. 

Horsey, , 346. 

Horton, , 359. 

Hosea, Lydia, 269. 

Howard, , 51, 251. 

Huldah, 159. 
Lydia, 388. 
Rachel, 270. 
Howe, How, Dorothy, 
156, 387. 
Elizabeth, 388. 
Gilbert, 388. 
Hannah, 387. 
Jedediah, 388. 
Joseph, 387. 
Lovice, 388. 
Lucretia, 388. 
Lydia, 388. 
Moses, 387. 
Phineas, 387. 
Samuel, 387. 
Sarah, 388. 
Sylvanus, 388. 
Zerviah, 387. 
Howes, George, 340. 
Howland & Aspinwall, 

337. 
Hoyt, John, 287. 
Hoyts, Jno., 91. 
Hubbard, Aaron, 4. 
Hubbardston, 270,388. 



INDEX 



413 



Hudson, Bradford, 
393. 
Deborah, 88. 
Eleazer, 85. 
Lucy, 393. 
Huger, Thomas B., 

317. 
Hull, Eng., 176. 
Hunt, Thomas, 24. 

Hunter, , 226.305. 

Lucy, 386. 

Hussey, , 285. 

Christopher, 285. 
Hutchins, Huchins, 

Hutchings, , 

92. 
Bethiah, 83. 
Mercie, 83. 
Samuel, 83. 
William, 83, 92. 
Hutchinson, James, 
266. 
Samuel, 4, 5, 187. 

Idaho, 16. 

Ilsley, Illsley,Abigail, 

86, 89. 
David, 25. 
Isaac, 86, 89. 

Imperial, Antonio, 

194. 
India, 191, 306. 
Ingalls, James J. ,195. 
Ingersoll, David, 200. 

Elizabeth, 182. 

S., 200. 

Susie, 102. 

Inman, , 53, 112. 

Ipswich, 3, 17, 23, 81, 

87, 322. 
Ipswich, 163. 
Iquique (Peru), 378. 
Irvine, , 36. 

Isle of Gasparilla, 70. 
Isle of France, 182, 

185, 197. 
Isle of Pines, 62, 250. 
Islesboro, 17. 

Israel, , 359, 360. 

Italy, 292. 

Jacquenel, 263. 
Jackson, ,26, 104. 

Andrew, 241. 

Benjamin, 369. 

Esther, 270. 



Jamaica, 25, 39, 62, 
63, 91, 125, 151, 
223, 250, 262, 398. 

Jameison, , 133, 

150, 222. 
James, Jesse, 27. 

John, 172. 
Jaques, Henry, 288. 

Jarvis, , 316, 317, 

353. 
Java, 15, 202. 

Jefferson, , 290, 

291, 294, 295, 299. 
Jemson, JimsoD, Hes- 
ter, 93, 287. 

John, 93, 287. 
Jenks, Henry E., 336. 

Nicholas, 386. 
Jewett, Dorcas, 270. 

Isaac, 266. 

James, 83. 

Mary, 84, 266. 

Me hi table, 82. 

Nathaniel, 84. 

Ruth, 83. 

Samuel, 83. 

Seth, 82. 

Susanna, 84. 
Jignapa Bay, 53. 
John, "King", 71. 
John, "Panther Key' 1 , 
68. 

Johnson, , 85,184, 

185, 346. 

Amos, 385, 386. 

Betsey, 386. 

Eliza, 186. 

Ellis, 386. 

Emery, 186, 367, 
368. 

Eunice, 386. 

Henry, 176. 

Hollis, 385, 386. 

John, 173. 

Silas, 385, 386. 

Thomas, 369. 

William, 85. 
Jones, , 78, 387. 

Abraham, 279. 

Anthony, 387. 

Elizabeth, 167, 387. 

Evans, 88. 

Hepzibah, 167. 

John, 276, 279, 280, 
286. 

John H., 385, 386. 

John L., 209. 



Jones, Jonathan, 167. 

Joseph, 216. 

Joshua, 167, 168. 

Lydia, 88. 

Mary, 279. 

Robert, 288. 

Russell, 386. 

Ruth, 168. 

Sally S., 386. 

Simpson, 387. 

Jonnia, , 121, 126, 

129, 152. 
Jordan, C. H., 348. 

Jeremiah, 240. 

Joseph, 239. 
Jose, Miguel, 64, 66. 
Joseph, , 30. 

Kabenda, 338. 
Kalon, John W., 173. 

Kearney, , 36, 45, 

54, 55. 
Kedgeree, 6. 

Kehew, , 303. 

Keirom, Joseph, 17. 
Kellogg, Ruth, 393. 

Zephania, 393. 
Kendall,Deborah,270. 

Jonathan, 270. 

Mary, 270. 

Kendrick, , 199. 

Kennebunk, Me., 24. 
Kennedy, , 171. 

Samuel, 171. 
Kenney, Mary, 86. 

Samuel, 86. 
Kensington, N.H.,83. 
Kent, Ebenezer, 275. 

Hannah, 275. 

John, 85, 86, 89. 

Richard, 85. 

Steven, 92. 
Keppel, Henry, 346. 
Kerivan, , 384. 

John, 216, 361, 383. 

Key, , 360. 

Key Largo, 121. 

Key West, 54, 111, 

115, 262, 350. 
Keyes, , 358. 

Danforth, 394, 397. 
Kibby, Kirby, Betsey, 
154. 

Kidd, , 326. 

Kiernan, Richard,361. 

Kilham, Killam, , 

31. 



414 



INDEX 



Kilham, Charles H., 9. 

Edward, 169, 170. 

Killingly, Conn., 165. 

Kimball, Kemball, 

Dorothy, Doritha, 

Dovally, 82, 154. 

Ebenezer, 154. 

Elbridge, 370, 371. 

Elizabeth, 154, 394. 

Jacob, 271. 

James Staniford, 
207. 

Nathaniel, 82. 

Ruth, 81. 
King, Gedney, 104. 

Susan, 103. 

William, 361. 
Kingman, Benjamin, 
399. 

Elizabeth, 399. 
Kingsley, Abigail, 163. 

Adams, 163. 

Anna Hale, 399. 

Asael, 163. 

Chloe, 163. 

Enoch, 16a. 

Jacob, 163. 

Jason, 163. 

John, 162. 

Lucinda, 163. 

Mary, 162, 163. 

Rufus, 163. 

Uriah, 163. 

Kingston, , 83. 

Kingston (Jamaica), 

63, 114, 223. 
Kingston, Mass., 89, 

233. 
Kingstown,N.Y., 192. 
Kittery, 87. 
Knapp, Joseph Jen- 
kins, 184. 
Knight, George, 89. 

Judith, 89. 

Nath'l, 200. 

Sarah, 390. 
Knox, John, 164. 
Kunksshamooshaw, 
David, 319. 

Labonisse, , 233. 

La Cata, 62. 
Lackawanna Valley, 

163. 
Lacy, Dorothy, 83. 
Latitte, Jean (John), 

33-36, 72. 



Lafitte, Pierre, 36, 70. 
Lagona, 56. 
Laguayra, Laguira, 

198, 305. 
Laird Bros., 352. 

Lamar, , 332. 

Charles A. L., 352. 
G. B., 352. 
Lamb, William C, 

11, 12, 15. 
Lambert, Preserved, 
186. 

Lamo, , 206. 

Lamprill, Daniel, 93. 
Lamson, Elizabeth, 
268. 
Francis, 23. 
William, 268. 
Lancaster, 154. 
Lancaster, N.H.,399. 
Lander, Henry, 12. 
Peter, 200. 
William, 75, 201. 
Lane, Nathaniel, 172. 
La Plata, 264. 

Lawrence, , 97. 

Abel, 193. 
Benjamin, 276. 

Leach, , 21, 31, 

185. 
John, 185, 200. 
Robert, 200. 
William, 15. 
Leach, Stephens & 

Killam, 31. 
Learned, Ebenezer, 
395. 

Leavett, Leavitt, , 

2. 

Herron, 286. 
William, 1. 
Lebanon, Conn., 161, 
400. 

Lee, , 98, 99. 

Fitz, 112. 

Francis H., 102,359. 

Raymond William, 

98. 
Robert E., 98, 112. 
Sidney Smith, 112. 
Seward, 200. 
William R., 195. 
Leeds, George, 23. 
Leicester, 160, 392, 

393. 
Leinas, George H., 
348. 



Leghorn, 5, 26. 
Leominster, 276. 
Leonard, Abijah, 397. 

Leslie, , 177. 

Lewis, Peter, 24. 
Lexington, 81. 
Liapman,Andrew,240. 
Liberia, 343. 
Lima, Manuel, 64, 66. 

Lincoln, , 119,120, 

217, 343, 357, 358. 

Levi, 205. 
Lind, Jenny, 336. 

Lindsey, , 241, 

246. 

Benjamin J., 7, 243. 

Nathaniel, 241, 242. 

Linzee, , 263. 

Lisbon, 31. 
Little, Hannah, 87. 

Nathaniel, 87. 
Little GasparillaPass, 

72. 

Livermore, S. T., 328. 

Liverpool, 174, 203, 

205, 250, 308, 338, 

354, 368, 371, 375. 

Lobic, , 256. 

Locke, Lock, Betsey, 
154. 

Beulah, 154. 

David, 154. 

Ebenezer, 154, 392. 

Elizabeth, 154, 392. 

James, 154. 

John, 154. 

Jonathan, 154. 

Martha, 154. 

Mary, 154. 

Mary Haven, 154. 

Rebecca, 154. 

Sarah, 153, 154. 

William, 154. 

Lockyer, , 35. 

London, 26, 27, 174, 

198. 
Long Branch, 327. 
Lord, , 130, 220. 

Ernest D., 362. 

Isaac W., 151, 220. 

John, 3. 

Michael, 17, 18,202. 

Loring, , 264. 

Loris, , 227. 

Louden, John, 125. 
Loudon, N. H., 566. 
Louisiana, 35, 71. 



INDEX 



415 



Lovell, Ruth, 392,394. 

Lovett, , 20, 171, 

172. 
Annie F., 189. 
Benj., 200. 
John, 6, 7, 169. 
John F., 173. 
John L., 169-171. 
John O., 19. 
Jonathan H., Jr., 
19, 20, 22-24, 169- 
173, 178, 189. 
Josiah, 12, 15, 20, 

306. 
William, 20, 169. 
William, Jr., 19. 
William H., 15, 17, 
19. 
Lovett and Thorn- 
dike, 20. 

Low, , 204. 

A. A. & Co., 368. 
Caleb, 200. 
Seth, 359. 
Lowell, James Jack- 
son, 98. 
Lowell, Mass., 360. 
Lubbock, Basil, 251, 

313. 
Lubeck, 30. 
Lull, Hannah, 83. 

Thomas, 83. 
Lunt, Henry, 87. 
Joseph, 88. 
Sarah, 87, 88. 
Lurney, John, 25. 
Luscomb, Frank, 216. 
J. Warren, 207, 362. 
Lyman, Charles Peir- 
son, 101. 
Theodore, 101. 
Lyme, Conn., 390. 
Lynde, Elizabeth, 95, 
157. 
Symon, 95. 
Lynn, 21, 267, 270, 

298, 319. 
Lynnfield, 267, 298. 
Lyon, — — , 150. 

McCarthy, , 176. 

James L., 216. 
Justin B., 12. 

McClellan, , 99. 

McCormic, McCor- 
mick, Alexander, 
209. 



McCormic, Thomas, 
216. 

McCullock, Hugh, 28. 
McFarland, Walter, 
280. 
William, 207. 
McGrane, Nicholas, 

216. 
MacGregor, Murdock, 

98. 
Machias (Me.), 15, 18. 

Mack, , 104. 

Mackay, R. C, 19. 
McKean, W. W., 45, 
237. 

M'Lane, , 104,105. 

McMullan, , 210, 

384. 
John, 207-210. 
Kate, 211. 

Macy, , 241. 

George, 98. 
Madagascar, 205, 206, 
215, 866, 367, 379, 
381. 
Madeira, 17, 252, 305. 

Madison, , 35,298, 

299. 
Madison, N. T., 154. 
Madras, 185, 368. 
Mahan, A. T., 59,114. 
Maine, 77, 204, 303. 
Majorcam, Antonio, 

El, 226. 
Majunga, 382. 
Malaga, 29. 
Maiden, 158. 
Malta, 260. 
Malvern Hill, 100. 
Manatee River, 72. 
Manchester, 17, 19,20, 
22, 23, 89,170,188. 
Manganeil, 125, 132, 

133. 
Manila, 191, 192, 202, 

367, 380, 382. 
Mann, Ebenezer, 2, 
200. 

Manning, , 202. 

C. E., 209. 
Henry B., 172, 202. 
Philip, 174, 181,202. 
R. C, 102. 
William, 19, 20, 24. 
William, Jr., 18. 

Mansfield, , 191, 

304. 



Daniel H., 4-7, 191. 
Mansfield, Conn., 163, 

389, 390. 
Marble, Hiram, 320. 
Marblehead, 7, 15, 17, 
20, 22, 25-30, 32, 
73, 104, 105, 176, 
190, 198, 241, 243, 
247, 248, 250, 264, 
297, 298, 305, 348, 
368, 377. 

Marbey, Marbe, , 

353. 
Sarah, 157. 
Marby, Bustamente 

and Co., 353. 
March, John, 30. 
Marco, 68. 
Marietta, Ga., 399. 
Marietta, Ohio, 340, 

341. 
Markoe, John, 99. 
Marlborough, 153,387, 
388. 

Marre, , 262. 

Marseilles, 31,103,190, 

264, 368. 
Marsh, Hugh, 92, 93, 
285, 288. 
Joseph, 398. 
Marston, Elizabeth, 
91, 92. 
Ephraim, 91. 
Isaac, 91, 92. 
John, 91. 
Thomas, 91, 94, 95, 

286. 
William, 284. 

Martin, Martyn, , 

287. 
Ambrose, 181. 
Chloe, 389. 
David, 389. 
Elizabeth, 389. 
George, 287. 
James T., 216. 
Richard, 281, 282, 

287. 
Sophia, 393. 
Martinico, 30, 32. 
Mason, Charles, 211. 
George, 189. 
Margaret, 186. 
Thomas, 186. 
Mason, N. H., 84. 
Massachusetts, 74, 97, 
101, 289. 



416 



INDEX 



Massey, , 27. 

Masury, Samuel, 369. 
Matanzas, 37, 46, 48, 
53, 60-62, 75-79, 
111, 112, 116, 186, 
190, 226, 227, 238, 
240, 262. 
Mather, Cotton, 322. 
Matta Bay, 194. 
Maury, D. H., 113. 
John Minor, 112. 
Matthew Fontaine, 
112. 
Mauritius, 33, 211,382. 
Maximiliam, Empe- 
ror, 317. 
Meder, John, 282. 
Medford, 203, 240,273, 

274. 
Mediterranean, 59, 

106, 198, 201. 
Medway, 280. 
Meeds, Rebekah, 267. 
John, 267. 

Meek, , 30. 

Melbourne, 313, 315. 
Melendy, Bette, 266. 
Elizabeth, 268. 
Hannah, 268. 
John, 166. 
Joseph, 266, 268. 
Lydia, 166. 
Martha, 268. 
Mary, 268. 
Richard, 166, 268. 
Samuel, 268. 
Susan, 268. 
Thomas, 268. 
William, 268. 
Mellen, Elizabetb.,277. 
Henry, 277. 
Jerusha, 277. 
Lydia, 277. 
Nancy, 277. 
Rhoda, 277. 
Thomas, 277. 
Melius, William, 15, 
17. 
William, Jr., 18. 
Mendon, 173, 174, 277. 
Mentel, Moses, 216. 
Merrimack, 92. 
Merriam, Abijah, 393. 
Anna, 392. 
Elizabeth, 392, 393. 
Ephraim, 392. 
Harriet Pamela,393. 



Merriam, James, 392. 
Joel, 392. 
Jotham, 392, 393. 
Lucy, 393. 
Mary Jacobs, 393. 
Reuben, 393. 
Sarah, 392. 
Silas, 393. 
Sophia, 293. 
Merrick, Silas, 385. 
Merrick's Brook, 165. 
Merrill, Abel, 88. 
Abiah, 82. 
Abigail, 81, 83. 
Ann, 88. 
Benjamin, 31, 300, 

301. 
Sarah, 87. 
Stephen, 82. 
Thomas, 81, 83, 87. 
W. E., 99. 
Merritt, Albert, 216. 
Messervy, John, 174. 
Methuen, 82, 88, 298. 
Mexico, 35, 36, 70,121, 

124. 
Micani, 264. 
Michigan, 390. 

Mickle, , 360. 

Middleton, 298. 
Miguel, Francisco, 66. 
Milbury, 160, 394, 397. 
Miles, Charles, 208. 

Sarah, 166. 
Milford, 17, 18, 273, 
277, 279, 385. 

Miller, , 78. 

Edward F., 208,215. 
James, 195. 
Joseph, 211. 
Joseph H., 384. 
Phebe, 163. 
Millers, William, 18. 
Millett, Benjamin, 19, 
20. 
Charles, 205, 206, 

264. 
Hardy, 378. 
Nathan H., 362. 
Milwaukee, 363. 
Mine Run, 100. 
Minnesota, 97. 

Miramon, , 315, 

316, 353. 
Mississippi, 34. 
Mitchell, Abigail, 81. 
Nathaniel, 81. 



Mitchell, O. & A., 

201. 
Mobile, Ala., 48, 264, 

331. 
Mocha, 205, 206. 
Moira, N. X"., 399. 

Molla, , 57. 

Mona Passage, 114. 
Monacre,Nickola, 133. 
Monrovia, 338, 354. 
Monson, Moses, 29. 
Montego Bay (Jamai- 
ca), 222, 223. 
Monterey Bay, 370. 
Monterey (Cal.), 370. 
Montevideo, 261, 348. 
Montpelier, Vt., 395. 
Montserrat, 9. 
Moody, Moodey,Mou- 
dy, Caleb, 94, 96. 
John, 88. 
Joshua, 87. 
Thomas, 85. 
Moore, C. R., 333. 
Daniel, 266. 
David, 204. 
Humphrey, 273. 
Mary, 204. 
Moors, E. W., 216. 

Morgan, , 237,303, 

304, 357. 
Zachariah, 12. 
Moro, 78. 
Moro Castle, 118. 

Morris, , 33, 263. 

William, 29. 
Morristown, N.J. ,163. 
Morse, Barachias,276, 
278. 
Elizabeth, 85. 
Jonathan, 89. 
Joseph, 85. 
Mary, 278. 
Mirriam, 388. 
Rebecca, 82. 
Seth, 155. 
Thomas, 82. 
Zervia, 278. 
Moseley, Joseph, 207. 

Samuel, 155. 
Moses, Aaron, 210. 
Moulton, Daniel, 280. 
Henry, 285. 
John, 201, 285. 
Joseph, 286. 
William, 85, 86. 



INDEX 



417 



Mount Desert Island, 

77. 
Mozambique, 15, 209, 

210, 346, 362. 
Mud Island, 303. 
Mugeres Island, 37. 
Mugford, , 202. 

Charles D., 23, 24, 
169, 194, 202. 

Munroe, , 227, 

238, 241. 

Murdock, , 203. 

James, 22, 23, 202. 
Murey, John, 174. 

Murray, , 356,358. 

Muscat, 185, 186, 208, 

211, 213, 361, 363, 
369. 



Myer, 



-,27. 



Nantasket Roads, 210, 

364. 
Napier, Johnson & 

Co.. 346. 
Naples, 31. 
Napoleon, 224, 297, 

302. 
Napoli de Malvaiza, 

305. 

Narbonne, , 359. 

Narragansett, No. 1, 

81, 84. 
Nash, John, 32. 
Nashville, Tenn., 16, 

194, 195. 

Neal, , 296. 

Neal & Newhall, 296. 

Nelson, , 195, 292. 

Nelson, N. H., 168. 
Netherlands, 240. 
Nevis, 28. 

New Bedford, 17, 19. 
New Braintree, 275, 

278. 
New England, 299. 
New Grenada, 34, 36. 
New Hampshire, 264. 
New Haven (Conn.), 

50, 235. 
New Ipswich, N. H., 

154. 
New Jersey, 327. 
New Malago, 56, 57, 

58. 



New Orleans, 34, 35, 
39, 73, 109, 124, 

262, 315, 317, 331, 
334, 353. 

New Providence, 57. 

New South Wales, 18, 
23. 

New York, 19, 20, 23, 
51, 53, 67, 101,107, 
109, 169, 191, 198, 
237, 250, 251, 261, 

263, 306, 307, 330, 
331, 334, 338, 340, 
345, 346, 353, 354, 
361, 369, 374, 377, 
390. 

New Zealand, 314. 
Newborn, N. C, 305. 
Newbury, 81, 82, 85, 

86, 88, 285, 286. 

Newburyport, 25-32, 

81, 306, 308, 369, 

378. 

Newcastle, Eng., 377. 

Newell, Thomas H., 

60, 62. 
New Foundland, 40. 

Newhall, , 296. 

Newman, Elizabeth, 
88. 

John, 88. 
Newmarket, 88. 
Newton, , 54, 60. 

Beulah, 144. 

John C, 50. 
Nichols, Nickolls, 
, 35, 154, 197. 

Asa, 270. 

Bethiah, 269, 270. 

Betsey, 271. 

David, 270. 

Dorcas, 270. 

Ebenezer, 269. 

Edmund, 270. 

Elizabeth, 269, 

Esther, 270. 

G., 201. 

Hannah, 269. 

Hosea, 269. 

Ichabod, 197. 

Isaac, 270. 

James, 269. 

Jerusha, 269. 

Johanna (Joanna), 

269, 270. 

John, 166, 268, 269, 

270, 397. 



Nichols, John P., 393. 
Kendall, 269, 270. 
Lydia (Hosea), 269. 
Mary, 154, 269, 270. 
Nancy, 270. 
Rachel, 270. 
Rebeckah (Rebe- 
kah, Rebecca), 
269, 270. 
Rhoda, 270. 
Samuel, 269. 
Sarah, 269, 270. 
Sophia, 393. 
Uriah, 269. 
Zechariah, 269. 
Nick, Sarah, 275. 

Nickoff, , 74. 

Nickola, 121, 122, 124- 
127, 132, 136, 138, 
139, 150, 151, 217. 
Noble, Joseph, 170. 
Nondre, Pedro, 66. 
Norcross, Daniel, 279. 

Joel, 279. 
Norfolk, Va., 45, 53, 

113, 250. 
NorfolkCounty,90,281 
Norman's Woe, 14. 
Norn's, John, 29, 200, 

201. 
North Atlantic, 362. 
North Carolina, 262. 
North Kingston, R. 

I., 394. 
North Yarmouth, 89. 
Norton, George L., 

109. 
Norwalk, Conn., 58. 
Norwich, Vt., 161, 162, 

203, 400. 
Nottingham, N.H.,82, 

83. 
Nourse, Stephen, 12. 
Nova Scotia, 356, 390. 

Noyes, , 29. 

William, 87. 
Nudd,Tho., 284. 
Nuevitas, Cuba, 45, 
261, 263. 

Oakes, Lucy, 399. 
Oakham, 392. 
Obear, Oliver, 201. 
Ocracoke Inlet, 329. 
Odell & Perley, 15. 
O'Donnell, John, 209. 



418 



INDEX 



Olcott, Peter, 398, 
400. 

Oliver, , 104, 195, 

197, 199. 

Charles, 212. 

Thomas V., 173, 174, 
176, 177. 

William G., 19, 20. 

William W., 11, 20, 
21, 195. 
Olmstead, Moses, 161. 
Omoa, 251. 
O'Neil, Daniel, 361. 

James, 216. 
Ontario, Lake, 59. 

Opdyke, , 356. 

Orange, Ohio, 400. 
Orangetown, 120. 
Orgamar, August, 124- 

126. 
Orne, Josiah, 200. 

Timothy, 260. 

William, 197, 200, 
201, 300. 
Osborne, , 375. 

J. Warren, 375. 

Sally, 2. 

William, 375. 
Osgood, , 31, 103. 

Eben B., 22. 

Jeremiah, 4. 

John C, 369. 

Willi, 91. 
Otaheite, 370. 
Owen, Lodrick, 393. 
Oxford, William, 399. 
Oxford, Mass., 278, 
391, 392, 395, 396. 

pacific, 106, 107, 232. 
Packersfield, 1ST. H., 
168. 

Page, . 26, 97. 

J. P., 207. 
Onesiphirus, 93,284. 
Kobert, 284. 
Samuel & Co., 30. 

Paine, Payne, , 

226. 
Sumner, 98. 

Palfray, Palfrey, , 

197. 
Charles W., 195. 
Francis Winthrop, 
97, 98. 



Palmer, Christopher, 
285, 286, 288. 

Henry, 96, 281. 

James, 84. 

James, Jr., 81. 

Joseph, 285. 

Mary, 81, 84. 

Samuel, 285. 

Sarah, 82. 
Palmetto, Fla., 68. 
Pamlico, 328. 
Pan of Matanzas, 48, 

76. 
Panama, 316, 373, 374, 

376. 
Panther Key John, 
see Gomez, John. 
Para, 202. 

Parish, Abigail, 163, 
389. 

Abraham, 163. 

Althea, 163. 

Annie, 163. 

Archippus, 163, 389. 

Dinah, 319, 389. 

Isaac, 163. 

Jemima, 163. 

Margaret, 163. 

Mary, 163. 

Phebe, 163. 

Solomon, 389. 
Parke, Betsey, 388. 

Charles, 388. 

Erastus, 388. 

Jacob, 388. 

Jonathan, 388. 

Ruth, 156, 388. 

William, 388. 
Parker, Jacob, 276. 

Jerusha, 269. 

Jos., 271. 

Nathan, 271, 272. 

Nathaniel, 81. 

Ruth, 81. 

William B., 368. 

William Harwar, 
328, 329. 
Parks, Potia, 387. 
Parlin, Betsey, 154. 

Parrikete, , 150. 

Parsons, , 26. 

Tyler, 201. 
Partridge, Deborah, 

2T0. 
Pascassett River, 286. 
Patey, John, 174. 



Patten, Henry Ly- 
man, 98. 

Patterson, , 26, 

34, 35, 304. 
Richard, 176. 
Pawwaus River, 288. 
Paxton, 386, 394. 

Peabody, , 15,177, 

187, 188, 203, 205. 
Brackley R., 207. 
Francis, 12, 174. 
J., 4, 11. 
J. A., 15. 

Joseph, 2, 5-8, 12, 

15, 17-20, 23, 24, 

76, 170-174, 176, 

181, 182, 187, 207, 

300. 

Joseph A., 12. 

Joseph W., 174,177. 

Peabody and Daland, 

15. 
Peabody, Mass., 366. 
Peach Orchard, 100. 
Peacham, Vt., 400. 
Pearson, see Peirson. 
Pease, Samuel, 321. 
Peasly, Joseph, 96. 

Ruth, 96. 
Peckham, William, 23. 

Pedrick, , 25, 29. 

Samuel G., 216. 
Peele, Jonathan, 186. 
Margaret, 186. 
Robert, 170. 
Willard, 300. 
William, 170. 
Peirce, see Pierce. 
Peirson, Pearson, 

Pierson, , 97, 

99-101, 265. 
Abel Lawrence, 97. 
Charles, 99. 
Charles L. & Com- 
pany, 101. 
Charles Lawrence, 

97, 98, 101. 
Harriet Lawrence, 

97. 
Jeremiah, 86. 
John, 25. 
Moses, 88, 265. 
Pelham, N. H., 84, 85. 
Pemberton, Bridget, 
83. 
John, 81, 83. 
Martha, 81. 



INDEX 



419 



Pembroke, 2, 89, 264. 
Pembroke, N. H., 82. 
Penu, Wm., 360. 
Pensacola, 45, 115, 

305, 333. 
Pennsylvania, 99. 

Percy, , 35. 

Perkins, Pirkins, , 

13, 103, 205. 
Abraham, 92, 94-96, 

285. 
Asa B.,205. 
AugustusStaniford, 

207, 383. 
Caleb, 95. 
Daniel, 177. 
Eunice, 159. 
George, 104. 
George Hamilton, 

339. 
Harold Millett, 205. 
Isaac, 95. 
Jonathan, 285. 
Joseph, 180, 205. 
Nathaniel F., 205. 
Priscilla, 89. 
Sarah, 95. 
William, 282. 

Perley, , 15. 

Amos, 15. 
Greenleaf, 5-8, 11, 

12, 14. 
John, 5. 
Pernambuco, 3, 4, 22, 
23, 177, 191. 

Perry, , 57, 99. 

Augustus, 17, 19. 
George B.,99. 
Peru, 374, 377. 
Petersburg, 26, 28, 31, 

32, 100. 
Petersham, 277. 
Peterson, Semon, 211. 
William A., 216,361, 
381. 
Petit Guave, 26. 
Pettingell, Benjamin, 
83 
Martha, 83. 
Matthew, 88. 
Phelps, William, 167. 
Philadelphia, 3, 5, 22, 
23, 39, 67, 173, 
224, 250, 354, 360, 
361. 
Philbrick, Thomas, 
287, 288. 



Philippine Islands, 

381 
Phillips, ,261,321. 

John, 319. 

S., 31. 

Stephen C, 190. 
Phippen, David, 186. 

Nathaniel, 186. 

Thomas, 187.' 
Pickering, John, 300. 

Timothy, 290, 295. 

Pickman, , 24, 

381, 382. 

Benjamin, 4. 

Dudley L., 195. 

Francis W., 15. 

Pierce, Peirce, , 

198, 201. 

Aaron, 395. 

B. & Co., 32. 

Benjamin, 300. 

Daniel, 200. 

Elijah, 393. 

George, 190. 

Hannah, 268. 

Jerathmel, 200. 

John B., 2. 

Moses, 266. 

Salome, 393. 
Pierson, see Peirson. 

Pihon, , 248, 249. 

Pike, Pyke, , 358. 

Robert, 283. 
Pillsbury, Elizabeth, 
86. 

Henry, 86. 

Mary, 84. 

William, 84. 
Pinckney, Pinkney, 

, 33, 291. 

Pinder, William, 15. 
Pingree, , 367. 

David, 207, 868, 369. 
Piper, Noah, 393. 

Salome, 893. 
Piscataqua River, 90, 

94, 286, 287, 323. 
Pitcairn Island, 195. 
Pitman, Frank H„ 

382. 
Pittsfield, 161. 
Pizarro, 374. 
Plainfield, N. H., 400. 
Plander, George E., 

209. 
Piatt, C. T., 229. 



Plummer, Enoch, 87. 

Hannah, 87. 

Samuel, 87. 
Plymouth, 30. 
Point Hycacos, 111. 
Point Petre, 28. 

Polk, , 335. 

Pond, , 214. 

John C, 207, 213, 
362. 
Poor, Edward, 85. 

Enoch, 87. 

Joseph, 85. 

Miller, 87. 

Rachel, 86. 
Port au Prince, 262. 
Port Cavello, 262. 
Port d' Esprit, 220. 
Port Phillip, Austra- 
lia, 313. 
Port Royal Point, 64. 

Porter, , 31,51-53, 

55, 112, 225, 228, 

231, 232. 
D.,230. 

David, 49, 58, 62, 
112, 113, 115, 231, 

232, 238, 291. 
John, 52. 
Mary, 359. 

Portland, Me., 6, 22, 
88, 234, 330, 353, 
354. 
Porto Rico, 51, 52, 
114, 229, 230, 235, 
263, 311. 
Portsmouth, N.H.,90, 
199, 240, 305, 316, 
323, 336, 338, 354, 
377. 
Portugal, 29. 

Postell, , 349. 

Potomac, 99. 

Potter, , 239. 

Abigail, 386. 
Benjamin Franklin, 

387. 
Cheney, 386. 
Daniel, 386. 
Frederick Augus- 
tus, 387. 
George Washington, 

387. 
Jerusha, 387. 
Lucy, 386. 



420 



INDEX 



Potter, Luther, 387. 

Potia, 387. 

Rhoda, 386. 

Stephen, 240. 
Pound, Thomas, 321. 
Povo & Dubier, 25. 
Powell, John G., 172. 
Pratt, , 78, 395. 

Abigail, 168. 

Daniel, 168. 

Dorcas, 267. 

Edward, 267. 

Elias, 395. 

Ephraim, 266. 

Joanna, 168. 

John, 395. 

Lavinia, 395. 

Samuel, 168. 

Sarah, 159. 
Prentice, Josiah, 391. 

Josiah S., 391. 

Timothy D., 17. 
Prescott, , 263. 

Anne, 88. 

Oliver, 88. 
Preston, Jonathan, 5. 
Price, John, 240. 
Pride, , 9. 

Edwin, 9. 
Pride's Crossing, 101. 
Prince, Henry, 200, 
205, 206, 264. 

Henry & Son, 205, 
206. 

John, 197, 212, 266, 
301. 
Principe, Cuba, 127, 

133. 
Proctor, , 32. 

Bethiah, 83. 

Thorndike, 200. 
Providence, JEt.L, 165, 

211, 222, 262. 
Provincetown, 210. 
Pudney, Keziah, 168. 
Pulsifer, David, 201. 

Francis, 176. 
Putnam, , 367. 

Eleanor, 89. 

George Granville, 1, 
169, 192, 361. 

Hannah, 159. 

Mary, 192. 

Perley Z. M. P., 171, 
172, 203. 

Samuel, 299, 300. 

Sarah, 159. 



Putnam, William Low- 
ell, 98. 

Queen's Gardens,141. 

Quelch, , 322. 

John, 319. 
Queratero, 317. 
Quillamane, 211. 
Quincy, Josiah, 299. 
Quincy, Mass., 306. 
Quocheco, see Co- 
checo. 

Race Point, 13. 
Ragged Island, 45. 
Ramage, , 79. 

James, 33. 
Ramsdell, Charles, 17, 

18. 
Ranal, 370. 
Rand, Charles A., 98. 
Randolph, John, 295. 
Ranson, William, 18. 
Rantoul, Robert S., 9, 

184. 
Raphaelina, 36. 
Rowley, Cyrus, 400. 

Louisa, 400. 
Raymond, James, 393. 

Molly, 393. 

William, 98. 
Rea, Samuel G., 170. 

William A., 194. 
Reading, 89, 157, 158, 
166, 168, 266-272, 
275. 
Redman, John, 91, 92, 
94, 96, 281, 285, 
287, 288. 

Reed, Read, , 13, 

113, 350. 

George, 120,122,124. 
Regla, 78, 119. 
Rehoboth, 398. 

Renard, , 326,327. 

Revere, , 99, 319. 

Edward H. R., 115. 

H. R., 98. 

Joseph W., 115. 

Paul, 99. 

Paul J., 98, 115. 
Reynolds, William, 

4, 5. 
Rhode Island, 396. 



Rice, , 26, 78. 

A. H., 100. 
Daniel, 388. 
Elizabeth, 388. 
Jabez, 388. 
Jesse, 276. 
John, 385. 
Matthew, 220. 
Mirriam, 388. 
Moses, 388. 
Paul, 388. 

Rich, , 86. 

Elizabeth, 86. 
Richards, William, 

176. 
Richardson, E.P., 101. 
M. H., 101. 
Sarah, 393. 
Ricker, Winfield, 176. 
Rider, J. Orne, 212, 
363. 
Joseph, 4. 
Ridgeley, Charles G., 

237. 
Riley. Daniel, 209,211. 
Rio de Janeiro, 177, 
194, 263, 305, 337, 
346, 368, 369. 
Rio Grande, 264. 
Ripley, Anne, 275. 
Noah, 275, 276. 
Robbins, Thomas A., 
174. 

Roberts, , 3. 

Robertson, , 240. 

Robinson, John, 239. 
Roby, Henry, 96, 284, 

285. 
Rochdale, 393. 
Rogers, Nath'l L., 
201. 
Nathaniel L. & 
Brothers, 207. 
Rolf, Dorothy, 88. 

Ezra, 81. 
Rolf, John, 93. 
Rollins, E., 15. 
Rookville, Md., 274. 

Ropes, , 27, 98, 

192, 201, 211, 379, 
380, 384. 
Edward D., 211. 
Henry, 98. 
James H., 101. 
Joseph, 186, 187. 



INDEX 



421 



Hopes, Emmerton & 
Co., 192, 204, 211, 
379, 380, 384. 
Ropes & Wellman, 
201. 

Rose, , 249. 

William S., 17. 
Rotterdam, 313. 
Rome, 397. 

Rowell, , 287. 

Rowland, James, 331. 
Rowley, 82, 83,87, 89. 
Roxbury, 395. 
Royalston, Mass., 398. 
Royalston, Ohio, 162. 
Royalston, Vt., 398, 

400. 
Royce, Elizabeth, 156. 
Ruggles, Lydia, 388. 
Ruliff, James, 18. 

London, 4-7, 173. 
Rumford, 89. 
Russell, Clark, 315. 
Elizabeth, 167. 
Eunice, 168. 
George R., 101. 
James S., 101. 
Margaret, 166. 
Thomas, 155. 
Timothy, 166, 168. 
Russia, 30, 201, 224. 
Rutland, 277, 278. 
Rutland, Vt., 161,389 
Rynders, Isaiah, 331. 



Sabins, , 48. 

Saco, 120, 146. 
Sacramento City, 375. 
St. Andrew's Bay,305. 
St. Anthony, 18. 
St. Augustine, Fla., 

79, 115, 349. 
St. Barts, 305. 
St. Catharine, Brazil, 

371, 374. 
St. Croix, 234, 306. 
St. Helena, 11, 22, 24, 

180, 213, 216, 248, 

253, 363, 364, 369, 

382. 
St. Jago, 27, 32. 
St. Jago de Cuba, 25, 

29, 31, 182, 204, 

222. 
St. John, Porto Rico, 

52, 120. 
St. John, Antigua, 30. 



St. John de los Reme- 

dios, 111. 
St. Lucar, 27. 
St. Malo, 33. 
St. Maria, 127, 128, 

147, 148, 151. 
St. Mary's, 29. 
St. Michael's, 251. 
St. Petersburg, 26-31, 

182. 
St. Rose Island, 305. 
St. Sebasts, 27. 
St. Thomas, 37, 229, 

306, 338. 
Salem, 1,3,4, 6,7,11, 
12, 15, 17-19, 20, 
24, 26-28, 30, 31, 
73, 75-77, 169, 172, 
173, 176, 183, 185, 
186, 190, 191, 197- 
199, 202, 205, 206, 
215, 216, 250, 264, 
274, 289, 292, 297- 
299, 306, 361, 363, 
366, 367, 369-371, 
379, 384. 
Salem, N. H., 81. 
Salisbury, 81, 86, 87, 
89, 90, 93, 94, 96, 
284, 298. 
Salisbury Island, 95. 
Salmon, William, 85. 
Salt Key, 73. 
Saltonstall, Nath., 92, 
95, 96, 2S1, 284, 
287. 

Sampson, , 7, 336, 

337. 
Sampson andTappan, 
336, 337. 

Samuels, , 308. 

Samuel, 307. 
Sanborn, Samborne, 
Elizabeth, 89. 
Moses, 89. 
William, 94, 95,287, 

288. 
Sanbornton, N.H., 17. 
San Domingo, 29, 52, 

62, 231, 234, 251, 

311. 
San Francisco, 314,316, 

340, 351, 372-374, 

376, 377, 379, 380. 
San Juan, 376. 
Sand Heads, 6-9, 24, 

169, 270, 172, 187. 



Sanders, ThomasM., 4. 
Sanderson, Jaeob, 5. 
Sands, Benjamin F., 

325, 340. 
Sandwich, N. H., 82. 
Sandwich Islands,372. 
Sandy Hook, 307. 
Sanibel Island, 71. 
Santa Cruz, 370. 
Saratoga, N. Y., 266. 
Sargeant, John, 161. 
Satchell, Satchwell, 
Jonathan, 87. 
Mary, 87. 
Theophilus, 92. 
Sato, Benito de, 255, 

260. 
Saugus, 319. 
Saugur Roads, 3. 

Sauley, , 254, 255, 

260. 

Saunders, •, 12, 22, 

180, 184, 186-189, 
192. 
Daniel, 184, 186. 
Daniel, Jr., 184. 
J. W. & Co., 26. 
Philip, 181, 184,186. 
Thomas, 186. 
Thomas M., 4-8, 10- 
12, 14-20, 22, 23, 
178, 184, 186, 192. 

Savage, , 102, 103. 

Thomas, 87. 
Savage's Station, 100. 
Savannah, Ga., 262, 

333, 364. 
Saverneau, John, 25. 
Savory, William T., 
382. 

Sawyer, , 194. 

Dorcas, 267. 
Sayas, Francisco de, 

64. 
Scarborough, 254. 
Scobie, John J., 20. 
Scotland, 163-165. 

Scott, , 79. 

Benjamin, 83. 
Sarah, 83. 

Searle, , 30. 

Philip, 389. 
Seccomb, Ebenezer, 
170. 
Richard W., 170. 
Second Church, 81. 



422 



INDEX 



Sedgwick, Arthur, 98. 

John, 100. 
Semmes, Raphael, 353. 
Setauket, h. I., 331. 
Seven Pines, 100. 
Sevier, Joseph, 25. 
Sharon, 269. 
Shatswell, Joseph, 17. 

Shaw, , 59, 227, 

261. 

William, 174. 
Shepard, Charles I., 
362. 

Michael, 207. 

Michael W., 207. 

Stephen W., 190. 
Sherbrooke, Sir John, 

325. 
Sherburn, 155. 
Sherman, Dorcas, 267. 

Katy, 267. 

Keutha, 267. 

Lydia, 267. 

Nathaniel, 267. 

Rebekah, 267. 

Susannah, 267. 
Sherry, George, 24. 
Short, Clement, 17. 
Shot Keys, 262, 264. 
Shreve, , 204. 

Benjamin, 204. 

Samuel V., 11, 12, 
204. 

William, 204. 
Shreve, Crump & 

Low, 204. 
Shumway,Sophia,393. 
Shurtleff, John, 173. 
Sibley, , 104. 

Eunice, 159. 

G-ideon, 159. 

Hannah, 159. 

Huldah, 159. 

Jonathan, 89, 159. 

Joseph, 159, 394, 
397. 

Paul, 159. 

Reuben, 159. 

Ruth, 159. 

Samuel, 394. 

Sarah, 159. 

Solomon, 395. 

Tamar, 159. 

Tarrant, 159. 
Sierra Leone, 248-250, 

341. 
Siguapa Bay, 111. 



Silsbee, , 381, 382. 

Henry B., 176. 
Silsbee and Stone, 24, 

27. 
Silver, James, 190,201. 

Simms, , 350. 

Simonton, Walter H., 
6. 

William H., 6. 
Singletary, Amos, 395. 

Benjamin, 96. 

Mary, 395. 

Thankful, 395. 
Sisal, 56-58. 

Sisson, , 38. 

Skinner, C. W., 226. 

Daniel, 162. 

Sloat, , 235, 270. 

Smart, John, 281. 

Robert, 282. 
Smith, Anna, 157. 

Caleb, 2, 177. 

Ebenezer, Jr., 18- 
20, 23. 

Edward, 288. 

Elizabeth, 157. 

Hannah, 82. 

John, 91, 95, 157, 
284, 286. 

Leonard, 28. 

Lydia, 157. 

Margaret, 163. 

Michael, 25, 29, 32. 

Nathaniel, 28, 96, 
283. 

Rebecca, 86. 

Ruth, 157. 

Samuel, 82. 

Timothy, 157. 

Wm., 28. 

William B. (Zanzi- 
bar), 207. 
Smyrna, 190, 264, 305. 
Snow, Anna, 393. 

Moses, 393. 
Society Islands, 372. 
Somerby, Abiel, 85. 

Mary, 85. 

Somers, , 264. 

Somerset House, 114. 
Soto, Benito de, 252, 

253. 
South America, 77, 

172, 292. 
South Atlantic, 75. 
South Hampton, N. 
H., 83. 



Southard, , 359. 

Southboro, 153. 
Spain, 292. 
Spanish Main, 182. 
Sparhawk, Augustin, 
363. 

Hannah, 397. 
Spears, John R., 347, 

351. 
Spencer, Elizabeth, 

389. 
Spencer, Mass., 393. 
Spicket (Methuen),83. 
Spofford, Daniel, 83. 

Mary, 83. 
Spottsylvania, 100. 
Sprague, Joseph, 200. 
Spring, , 164. 

Elizabeth, 164. 

Naomi, 164. 

Stacey, , 31. 

Staigg, , 360. 

Stanian, John, 96. 
Stanley, Standley, 
, 350. 

Nancy, 9. 

Stanton, , 99. 

Starin, Calista (Di- 
mock), 164. 

Joseph, 164. 
Starr, Clement, 25,33. 
Stearns, Hannah, 279. 

Jonathan, 279. 
Stedman, James, 164. 
Steers, George, 346. 
Stein, Robert, 23. 
Sterling, William, 95. 
Stevens, Stephens, 
, 31, 85, 184. 

Ann, 86. 

C, 23. 

David, 89. 

Hannah, 167. 

John, 94, 186, 283, 
284. 

Joseph, 86. 
Stevenson, John, 176. 

Robert Hooper, 97, 
100, 101. 

Thomas Greeley,97. 
Stevenson and Peir- 
son, 97, 101. 

Stewart, ,225,349. 

Stickney, , 366. 

Abigail, 87. 

Benjamin, 15. 

Dorothy, 81. 



INDEX 



423 



Stickney, J. Frank, 
362. 

John, 7, 8, 11,85,87. 

Jonathan, 82. 
Samuel, 81. 

Susannah, 81. 

Thomas, 81. 
Stickney & Hale, 366. 
Stimson, Alexander, 
276. 

Amos, 276. 

Emily, 385. 

Jeremy, 385. 

Samuel, 276. 
Stirling, Mary, 95. 

William, 95. 
Stirup Key, 261. 
Stocker, Ebenezer,29, 

31. 
Stockholm, 5, 6. 
Stockman, John, 93. 

Moses, 89. 

Stockton, , 51. 

Stockwell, Aaron,391. 

Hannah, 391. 
Stoddard, N. H., 269. 
Stodder, Herschel, 4. 
Stone, , 9, 24, 27. 

Amy, 392. 

Benjamin W., 24. 

Edmund, 8, 9. 

Hannah, 28. 

Jacob, 26. 

Mary, 9. 

Simeon, 280. 

William, 379. 
Stone, Silsbees & 

Pickman, 24. 
Story, Joseph, 297,319. 

William, 198. 
Stout, John B., 212. 

Stover, , 32. 

Stowell, , 292. 

Stratham, 89. 
Stratton, Vt., 398. 
Stribling, C. K., 52. 
Stuart, Elizabeth, 82. 

Gilbert, 297. 

Hannah, 82. 
Suffield, Conn., 898. 
Sullivan, Me., 305. 
Sullivan, N. H., 154. 
Sumatra, 7, 19, 182, 
198, 242, 243, 366. 
Sumner, Charles, 99. 
Suncook, N. H., 82. 
Surinam, 27. 



Sutton, 83, 159, 392, 

394, 39(5, 398, 399. 

Suze, Francis de, 120, 

127. 
Swain, Mary, 89. 
Swan, Isaac, 17, 18. 

Robert, 96. 
Swasey, Joseph, 85. 
Sweden, 173. 
Sweet, Benjamin, 87. 

Mary, 87. 
Sweetser, Sally, 88. 

Seth, 88. 
Swett, Stephen, 86,89. 

Steven, 286. 
Symonds, Simonds, 
Danforth, 204. 

Eben, 204. 

Hannah, 269. 

James, 173. 

Joanna, 157. 

John, 204. 

John D., 8. 

Samuel, 93. 

Stephen, 204. 

Wm., 93, 287. 

Tabayas, 202. 
Tainter, Elizabeth 
Jane, 393. 

Tallerand, , 291. 

Tamatave, 212, 215, 
362, 363, 381, 382, 
384. 
Tampa, 115. 
Tampico, 264. 

Tappan, , 336,337. 

Taria Topan, 383. 
Tarrant, Benj., 200. 
Tate, , 220. 

William, 6. 
Tattnall, Josiah, 113. 
Taunton, 385. 
Tay, Polly, 268. 
Taylor, Tailer, — , 
51, 112. 

Abigail, 274. 

Elizabeth, 388. 

Isaac, 275. 

James, 275. 

Phcbe, 274, 275. 

Rebecca, 360. 

Sarah, 275. 

Susannah, 275. 

Thomas, 274, 275. 
Teach, , 324, 329. 



Temple, Elizabeth, 

393. 
Temple, X. H., 266. 
Teneriffe, 78, 252. 
Tenney, Daniel, 84. 

Joanna, 84. 

Jonathan, 81. 

Lydia, 81. 

Terrell, , 33. 

Tewksbury, 82, 83,89. 
Thacher's Island, 8, 

13. 
Thames, 257. 
Thayer, , 368. 

Hannah, 279. 

Ichabod, 279. 

Polly, 279. 
Thetford, Vt., 162. 
Thomas, , 133. 

Charles, 318. 

George, 148. 

John, 393. 

Rebecca, 393. 

William, 30, 399. 
Thomaston, 240. 
Thomaston, Me., 176. 
Thompson, Charles, 
216. 

Smith, 33. 
Thompson's Island, 

54, 110, 111, 262. 
Thorndike, , 20. 

Albert, 18. 

I., 201. 

William, 23. 
Thorndike & Co., 31. 
Thurton,Thomas, 285, 

286. 
Ticonderoga, 266. 
Tino, 264. 

Tirrell.Gideon, 87, 89. 
Titcomb, Ann, 85. 

Apphia, 86. 

B. B., 378. 

Benajib, 85. 

Joseph, 85. 

Mary, 86. 

Moses, 86. 

Sarah, 86. 

William, 85, 86. 
Tobasco, 56. 
Todd, Elizabeth, 87. 

John E. A., 378. 

Samuel, 87. 
Tolland, 83. 
Tolland, Conn., 391. 



424 



INDEX 



Toppan, Abraham,85. 

Martha, 85. 
Topstield, 4, 96, 154, 

397. 
Torrey, Anna, 392. 

Sarah, 277. 
Toucey, I., 318. 

Isaac, 317. 
Touret, Benjamin A., 
16. 
Frank Hale, 16. 
Victor, 15, 16. 
Towne, Town, Ed- 
mund, 397. 
Elizabeth, 397. 
Hannah, 397. 
Henry, 7, 8, 11, 12. 
Sylvanus, 395. 

Townsend, , 370. 

Townsend, 83. 
Townsend, Penn.,200. 
Townshend, Vt., 396. 
Trafalgar, 292, 811. 
Train, Enoch, 203. 
Trask, Joseph, 174. 
Traspelascus, 123,124. 
Trieste, 305. 
Trinidad, 11, 60, 120, 
121, 128, 131, 133, 
136, 141, 148, 151, 
217, 222, 240. 
Tripoli, 231. 
Tristan d' Acunha, 

364. 
True, Henry, 96. 
Trumbull, EdwardB., 
204, 364, 365, 379, 
382. 
Edward H., 176,204. 
Walter H., 204, 380, 
383. 
Truro, 240. 
Tucker, Ebenezer, 96. 
G., 4-6. 
Gideon, 2. 
Hannah, 85. 
Ichabod, 301. 
John, 22-24, 83, 85, 
170-173, 176, 177, 
200. 
Jonathan, 200, 395. 
Mary (Hincher),395. 
Rebecca, 83. 
Ruth, 395. 

Turner, , 237. 

Christopher, 2. 
Vesta, 277. 



Turtle Bay, 69. 
Tuttle, , 102. 

J. E., 17. 
Tweedy, John, 389. 
Twelve League Key, 

121. 
Tyler, Miriam, 81. 

Moses, 81. 

Underwood, Joseph, 

7. 
United States, 71, 105, 

290, 294. 
Upham, Jacob, 159. 

Mary, 159. 

O. W., 359. 

Phineas, 158. 

Rebecca, 158. 

Ruth, 159. 

Sarah, 158, 159. 

Tamzen (Thoma- 
sin), 158, 159. 
Upton, Edwin, 383. 

John, 9. 

Robert, 383. 

Samuel, 300. 

William, 166, 172. 
Upton, Mass., 385. 
Uxbridge, 275. 

Vaghan, , 288. 

Valenciennes, 224. 

Valentine, , 242, 

247. 
Charles, 385. 
Joseph, 385. 
Valparaiso, 113, 204, 
232, 291, 375, 377, 
378. 
Vancouver, B.C., 378. 

Varney, , 370. 

Samuel, 370. 
Veale, Thomas, 320. 
Vera Cruz, 56, 261, 

315, 342, 353. 
Very, Ephraim, 200. 
George B., 6-8, 17. 
Vessels: 
Acasta (ship), 11, 

199. 
Acorn (brig), 181. 
Active (barque), 203. 
Active (schooner), 

304. 
Adet (privateer),25. 
Adventure (ship), 
200. 



Vessels. 
Aeratus (ship), 202. 
Alabama, 317. 
Albert, 39. 
Albert (brig), 261. 
Alert (brig), 199. 
Alert (sch.), 263. 
Alert (sloop), 232. 
Alexander (brig), 3, 

263. 
Alfred (ship), 190. 
Alligator (sch.), 12, 

45-47, 106. 
Alonzo (brig), 181. 
Alvea (corvette), 

262. 
Amazon (brig), 181. 
Amedee (barque), 

116. 
America, 331. 
America (brig), 305. 
America(privateer), 

1, 73, 187. 
America (ship), 5. 
Angola (barque), 

369-371. 
Ann (brig), 206,261, 

264. 
Ann (sch.), 262. 
Aquilla (sch.), 262. 
Arab (ship), 188. 
Argus (brig), 47. 
Aristidies, 39. 
Atlanta (barque), 

213. 
Atlanta (steamer), 

345. 
Atlantic (brig), 306. 
Attentive (brig), 

238, 241. 
Augusta (brig), 181. 
Augustine (shiD), 

263. 
Augustus (ship), 

181. 
Augustus and John, 

(sch.), 57. 
Aurilla (brig),73,74. 
Avon, 194. 
Azores(packet),252. 
Bandera de Sangre, 

39. 
Banian (brig), 9. 
Bas Blanche (pri- 
vateer), 26. 
Beagle (sch.), 50,54, 

229. 



INDEX 



425 



Vessels. 

Bee (sch.), 200. 
Petsey (brig), 181, 

186, 262. 
Betsey (sch.), 200. 
Big Bonanza, 209. 
Black Joke (brigan- 

tine), 253. 
Bolivar (brig), 264. 
Borneo (ship), 201. 
Boston, 338. 
Bramin (brig), 21, 

22. 
Bravo, El (sch.), 79. 
Briggs Brothers, 

188. 
Brisk, 346. 
Brookline (ship), 

171, 190. 
Brothers (ship), 2, 

201. 
Brutus (brig), 3, 

201. 
Buckeye, 342. 
Buckskin (sch.)304. 
Burguera, 38. 
Bustard (brig), 63. 
C. H. Jordan (brig), 

348. 
C.S. Packard (brig), 

364. 
Caledonia( ship), 3. 
California (ship), 

373. 
Calypso (ship), 262. 
Cambrian(brig),181. 
Candace (ship), 241, 

242, 244, 245, 248, 

250. 
Canton (brig), 181. 
Cape Cruz, 120. 
Caravan, 177. 
Carmen, La, 38. 
Carmen (brig), 263. 
Carnation (sloop), 

63. 
Carroll (sch.), 305. 
Caroline Augusta, 

367. 
Catalina,39,lll,112. 
Catalina del Com- 

mercio, 263. 
Carthage (ship), 181. 
Cata, La, 39. 
Catharine (sch. , 

200. 



Vessels. 

CatharineElizabeth, 
252. 

Catherine(brig), 181 

Catherine(ship), 181 

Celestial (ship), 368. 

Centella (sch.), 262. 

Ceylon (brig)-, 252. 

Chalmette(barque), 
216. 

Charles (sch.), 79. 

Charles Doggett 
(brig), 194. 

Charles Pearson 
(tug), 209, 2L0. 

Cherub (brig), 264. 

Cherub (sloop-of 
war), 113, 232. 

Chesapeake (U. S. 
frigate), 293, 294. 

China (ship), 9, 181. 

Cienega (sch.), 39, 
45. 

Cincinnatus (ship), 
181, 182. 

City of Norfolk,342. 

Cleopatra (ship)204. 

Collingwood (ship), 
370. 

Columbia (ship),199 

Commerce (ship), 
185. 

Concord (ship), 303. 

Congress (frigate), 
45, 107. 

Constantia (priva- 
teer), 264. 

Constitution (frig- 
ate), 106, 205. 

Constellation (fri- 
gate), 106-108,231, 
233, 291. 

Coquette (sch.), 45. 

Cora (barque), 342, 
351. 

Cossack .brig), 181. 

Crown Prince Wil- 
liam (ship), 313. 

Crusader (steamer), 
344. 

Cumberland, 236. 

Cyane (corvette, 
107, 108. 

Cynthia (barque), 
367, 368. 

Cynthia (sch.), 181. 



Vessels. 
Dartmouth (frigate) 

63, 237. 
Dawn (brig), 181. 
Decoy (ship),50,233. 
Defensar de Pedro, 

253. 
Democrata (steam- 
er), 353. 
Devereux, 30. 
Diligent (sch.), 200. 
Dispatch (brig), 200. 
Dolphin(privateer), 

31. 
Dolphin (sch.), 106, 

304. 
Dolphin (sloop),321. 
Dorchester(barque) 

383. 
Dover (brig), 48, 76. 
Dover (ship), 171. 
Dragon (barque), 5. 
Dreadnought(ship), 

307, 308. 
Duxbury (ship), 181. 
Echo (brig),234,349. 
Eclipse (ship), 19, 

181, 205. 
Edward (brig), 262, 

263. 
Edwin (barque), 204. 
Eliza (barque), 188, 

200, 202. 
Eliza (brig), 10. 
Eliza (brigantine), 

248. 
Eliza (sch.), 3, 201. 
Eliza (ship),191,198. 
Eliza Locke, 252. 
Elizabeth (barque), 

383. 
ElizabethHall(bark) 

202. 
Elbe (brig), 303. 
Ella Virginia(bark) 

211. 
Emanuela, 346. 
Emerald (ship), 19. 
Emily (brig), 308, 

310. 
Emmanuel, 39. 
Endeavour (ship), 

3, 201. 
Enterprise (brig), 

38, 45, 106. 
Enterprise (steam- 
er), 50, 51. 



426 



INDEX 



Vessels. 
Enterprise (sch.), 

231, 232. 
Equality (sch.), 181. 
Erie, 312. 
Erie (sloop of war), 

107, 108, 237. 
Essex (barque), 361, 

381, 382. 
Essex (frigate), 113, 

114, 232, 290. 
Essex (sch.), 201. 
Exertion (sch.), 124, 

126-135, 137, 144, 

148, 152, 216. 
Fair Trader (sch.), 

304. 
Falcon (brig), 264. 
Falmouth(sch.),347. 
Falmouth (sloop-of- 

war), 237. 
Falmouth (steamer), 

318. 
Fame (brig), 201. 
Fame(fishingsmack) 

303. 
Fanny (brig), 200. 
Favorite (brig), 200. 
Fawn (brig), 306,374. 
Fenelon (ship), 170. 
Ferret (sch.), 50, 60, 

61, 233. 
Fishhawk(sch.),181. 
Flor de la Mar, 38. 
Flora (brig), 10. 
Flyer, 57. 
Forrester (brig), 3, 

201. 
Forrester (ship),368 
Forte (ship), 63. 
Fortune, 328. 
Fortune. La (priva- 
teer), 25. 
Forty Thieves, 119. 
Fox (brigantine), 

305. 
Fox (sch.), 50, 52, 

233. 
Francis (ship), 181, 

183. 
Franklin (ship), 106, 

181. 
Friendship (sch.), 

200. 
Friendship (ship), 

198. 



Vessels. 
Fulton, 49. 
Galago (barque), 

369. 
Galaxy (sch.), 220. 
Gallinipper (barge), 

50, 52, 53, 110, 

111, 237. 
Gazelle (clipper), 

351. 
General Morazan 

(sch.), 251. 
General Parkhill 

(ship), 358. 
Genoral Warren 

(brig), 204. 
Gen. Warren (sch.), 

264. 
George (brig), 181, 

200. 
George (ship"), 1-12, 

15, 16, 18, 20-23, 

169-183, 187, 189, 

190, 192-195, 197, 

199, 202, 203. 
George Kaynes 

(ship), 377, 378. 
Georgia (ship), 188. 
Gleaner (brig), 3, 

201. 
Glide (barque), 206, 

211-216, 361-363, 

365, 379-384. 
Glide (ship), 9, 181, 

189. 
Globe (ship), 240. 
Gloucester (ship), 

63. 
Gnat (barge), 50, 

226. 
Good Hope (ship), 

200. 
Goodlntent(barque) 

200. 
Good Intent (sch.), 

2, 201. 
Governor Plummer 

(privateer), 325. 
Grampus (sch.), 12, 

38, 45, 50, 56, 59, 

106, 118, 119, 229, 

233, 235, 237. 
Grand Sachem 

(snow), 185. 
Grand Turk, 30. 
Grande Bonaparte, 

31. 



Vessels. 
Grecian (cutter), 62, 

63. 
Greyhound(cruiser) 

328. 
Greyhound (sch.), 

50, 52, 54, 114. 
Guerriere, 107. 
Gunboat No. 156, 

106. 
Gunboat No. 168, 

106. 
Habana (steamer), 

315, 353. 
Hamilton (ship), 

192. 
Hannah (sch.), 200, 

220. 
Hazard (sch.), 181. 
Hazard (ship), 201. 
Henry (barque), 306. 
Henry (brig), 235, 

264. 
Heroine, 175. 
Highlander (ship), 

379. 
Hind (brig), 200. 
Hirondelle, L' (pri- 
vateer), 29. 
Hope (brig), 181. 
Hope (sch.), 3, 201. 
Hope (ship), 3, 201. 
Hope and Susan 

(sch.), 264. 
Hopewell(sch.),200. 
Hornet (brig), 233. 
Hornet (sloop-of- 

war), 37, 38, 45, 

50, 106, 237. 
Hunter (brig), 25. 
Hunter (sch.), 181. 
Hunter (ship), 3, 

201. 
Huntress(ship),353. 
Hyperion (frigate), 

63. 
Icarus (frigate),235. 
Ilzaid, 368, 369. 
Imaum (barque), 

376. 
Independence(brig) 

3, 201. 

lndianola (steam- 
er), 317. 

Indus (brig), 9. 

Industry (sch.), 305. 



INDEX 



427 



Vessels. 
Insurgente (priva- 
teer), 231, 291. 
Isaac Hicks (ship), 

181. 
Isabella, 252. 
Isle de Cuba 

(barque), 351. 
Jackal (sch.) 50,233. 
Jamestown (sloop- 

of-war), 370. 
Janus (ship), 181. 
Jason (brig), 181. 
Java, 107. 
Jefferson (cutter), 

304. 
Jefferson (yacht), 

303. 
Jefferson Davis(pri- 

vateer), 349. 
Jerome Maximilli- 

en (ship), 262. 
Jersey (barque),213, 

215, 361. 
Joanna (brig), 25. 
John (brig), 25. 
John (sch.), 181. 
John Adams (sloop 

of war), 45, 50, 

107, 108, 229, 233. 
John Dunlap (brig), 

371. 
Joseph (sch.), 25. 
Juno, 26. 

Kangaroo (brig), 63. 
Kibby (brig), 339. 
Lady Washington 

(brig), 26. 
Lareh, 39. 
Lark (sch.), 26. 
Latimer, 237. 
Laura Ann (brig), 

261. 
Lavinia (brig), 26. 
Leader (brig), 78. 
Leader (sloop), 26. 
Leander (brig), 181, 

190. 
Leopard (man-of- 
war), 293, 294. 
Levant (brig), 181, 

186. 
Liberty (privateer), 

25. 
Light Horse (ship), 

197. 
Lively (sloop), 181. 



Vessels. 
London Packet 

(brig), 305. 
Lotus (ship), 181. 
Louisa (ship), 26, 

262. 
Lucies, 39. 
Lucy (brig), 200. 
Lydia, 26. 
Lydia (sch.), 3, 201. 
M. Shepard (brig), 

202. 
Maceas (brig), 262. 
Macedonian (fri- 
gate), 45, 106. 
McRae (steamer) 

317, 353. 
Macrinarian (brig), 

248. 
Madagascar (ship), 

315. 
Maine (ship), 9. 
Mandarin (ship), 

169. 
Manzanarez (brig), 

248, 250. 
Maria (sch.), 26. 
Marianne (ship), 27. 
Marquis de la Ha- 

bana (steamer), 

315-317, 353. 
Martha (ship), 197, 

345. 
Martin (sch.), 27. 
Mary (barque), 27. 
Mary (brig), 3. 
Mary (sch.), 27, 39, 

41. 
Mary (ship), 201. 
Mary (sloop), 27, 

321. 
Mary Ann, 27. 
Mary Ellen (brig), 

372. 
Mary Pauline(brig), 

336. 
Mary Pilke, 27. 
Mason (ship), 194. 
Matae (brig-of-war), 

61. 
Mechanic, 39. 
Medina (sloop-of 

war), 249. 
Memphis (steamer), 

345. 
Mennon (ship), 216. 



Vessels. 
Mentor (ship), 19, 

27. 
Merrimac Packet 

(sloop), 181. 
Mexican (brig), 181, 

252, 261. 
Michigan (ship , 

355. 
Midas (brig), 190. 
Midge (barge), 50. 
Mindoro (ship) ,381, 

382. 
Missouri (steam fri- 
gate), 50. 
Mobile (sch.), 263. 
Mohican (sloop-of- 

war), 354. 
Monkey (sch.), 118. 
Morning Star 

(barque), 254, 255, 

258, 260. 
Morning Star(brig), 

227. 
Moscow, 39. 
Moses, 27. 
Mosquito (barge), 

50, 53, 110, 111. 
Moss (ship), 9. 
Mt. Vernon (ship), 

170, 181, 188, 198. 
Mystic (steamer), 

344. 
Nabby (sch.), 181. 
Nalouisca (brig),27. 
Nancy (ship), 28. 
Naples (ship), 181. 
Natal (barque), 384. 
Natchez (sloop-of 

war), 237. 
Navarino, 175. 
Neptune, 28. 
Neptune (brig),181. 
Nereus (brig), 6,15. 
New Jersey (ship), 

181. 
New Priscilla(brig), 

240, 305. 
New Vork (frigate), 

232. 
Niagara (brig), 76- 

78, 181. 
Nightingale (clip- 
per), 336, 339,340, 

342. 
Nile (barque), 202. 



428 



INDEX 



Vessels. 
Nocton (packet), 

232. 
Nonsuch (sen.), 106. 
Nubia (barque),383. 
Ocean Monarch, 203. 
Ocilla (ship), 353. 
Ohio (brig),340,341. 
Olive Branch (brig), 

200. 
Orbit (brig), 306. 
Oregon (ship), 373. 
Orestes, 28. 
Orient, 28. 
Ontario (sloop-of- 

war), 106. 
Orleans (ship), 37, 

67. 
Ossippee (ship), 28. 
Pacific, 28. 
Packet, 29. 
Pallas (barque), 181. 
Pallas (ship), 198. 
Palmyra (brigan- 

tine), 39, 46. 
Panama (ship), 373. 
Panchita (brig), 38, 

59. 
Panderer (ship), 32. 
Pandora (sloop),63. 
Partridge (ship) 10. 
Patriot (privateer), 

53. 
Peacock (sloop-of- 

war), 50, 54, 107, 

108. 
Peggy (sch.), 29. 
Pelican, 47. 
Pereira, 38. 
Perry (brig-of-war), 

236, 345. 
Perry (sch.), 306. 
Perseverance(ship), 

197. 
Philadelphia (fri- 
gate), 232. 
Philip (brig), 10. 
Phoebe (frigate), 

113, 232. 
Phoebe Ann (brig), 

305. 
Pilgrim (brig), 307. 
Pilot (sch.), 39, 53. 
Pinta (sch.), 261. 
Pioneer (brig), 181. 
Planter (sch.), 263. 
Polly (brig), 29. 



Vessels. 

Polly (cutter), 304. 
Polly (sch.), 29, 30, 

200. 
Polly (ship), 29. 
Poloma, 38. 
Pompey (ship), 3, 

401. 
Porpoise (brig),341, 

342. 
Porpoise (sch.), 45, 

79, 106, 226, 342. 
Precurseur(corsair) 

32. 
Pride (brigantine), 

39. 
Prince Lucien(ship) 

216. 
Prometheus (brig), 

37. 
Prudent (ship), 201. 
Prudentee (brig), 

222. 
Rambler (barque), 

216. 
Rachel (brig), 30. 
Rainbow (sch.), 262. 
Rambler (brig),201. 
Rambler (schr),201. 
Rambler (ship), 3. 
Ranger, 328. 
Raritan (frigate),59. 
Rebecca (sch.), 30. 
Red Rover, 331. 
Redwing (brig), 63. 
Regulator(sch.) ,304 
Regulus (sch.), 201. 
Repeater, 249. 
Resolution (brig), 

181. 
Respect (brig), 30. 
Revenge (gunboat), 

45. 
Revenge (sch.), 79. 
Richmond (brig), 

250. 
Rob Roy (brig), 264. 
Robert (brig), 30. 
Robert Fulton (str.) 

77. 108-110. 
Rockland (sch.),250. 
Romp (brig), 3, 201. 
Roque (brig), 181. 
Rosalinda (sloop), 

28. 
Rotund (brig), 181. 
Ruthy (brig), 200. 



Vessels. 
Sabbatas (brig), 251. 
Sachem (barque), 

216, 361, 384. 
St. Helena (brig), 

248, 249. 
St. Michael (brig), 

2, 201. 
St. Paul (ship), 191, 

202. 
Salem School Ship, 

1. 
Sally, 31. 

Sally (brig),181,303. 
Sally (sch.), 31, 200. 
Sally (ship), 181. 
San Sourit (priva- 
teer), 31. 
Sandfly (barge), 50. 
Saratoga (sloop-of- 

war), 316, 317, 

338, 342, 353. 
Savannah (frigate), 

370. 
Scout (sloop), 63. 
Sea Flower (sch.), 

29. 
Sea Gull (steamer), 

49-52, 110, 111, 

283, 237. 
Sea-Horse (brig), 10. 
Seringapatam (fri- 
gate), 63. 
Shark (sch.), 45, 50, 

106, 233, 237. 
Shepherdess (sen.), 

79. 
Shiboleth (sch.), 57. 
Shirlep (ship), 191. 
Sicilian (barque ), 

382. 
Sir John Sher- 

brooke (cruiser), 

325. 
Sontag (barque)216. 
Sophia, 35. 
Sophia Thomas 

(ship), 23. 
Southern Star 

(steamer), 345. 
Spark (brig), 37, 45, 

50, 106. 
Spark (sch.), 233. 
Speed (brig), 181, 

187. 
Speedwell (sch.),63. 
Spy (sch.), 207. 



INDEX 



429 



Vessels. 
Star, 81. 

Steinvora (ship),216 
Storm King(barque) 

202, 353, 354. 
Succeos, 31. 
Success (brig), 200. 
Success (sen.), 201. 
Sukey, 31. 
Sukey & Betsey, 

200. 
Sultana (barque)* 

339. 
Sultana (brig), 251. 
Sumatra (ship), 181. 
Sumter, 317, 
Sumter (cruiser), 

315, 353. 
Sumter (steamer), 

339, 344. 
Sunarrow, 31. 
Sunny South (clip- 
per), 346. 
Superb (brig), 181. 
Susan (Indiaman), 

254. 
Susannah (sch.), 10. 
Swallow (barque), 

383. 
Swan (sch.), 48, 49. 
Swift, 31. 
Syren (ship), 191. 
Swift Packet (brig), 

31. 
Tabitha (sch.), 181 
TariaTopan(barque) 

206, 362, 364, 365, 

379, 382. 
Terrier (sch.) 50, 

222, 262. 
Thomas Perkins, 

368. 
Thracian (brig), 63. 
Three Brothers 

(brig), 181. 
Three Friends(brig) 

181. 
Thule, 252. 
Tiger (sch.), 181. 
Tomar (sloop), 63. 
Tonquin (ship), 351. 
Topaz, 32. 
Topaz (ship), 248. 
Tremont (ship),170. 
Trescott(ship), 174. 
Triell (sch.), 200. 
Triton (brig), 306. 



Vessels. 
Tropic, 39. 
Tryall (brig), 200. 
Two Brothers(ship) 

10. 
Two Sisters (sch.), 

32. 
Tyne (sloop of war) 

63. 
Union, 32. 
Union (brig), 261. 
Union (sch.), 32. 
United States, 107. 
Valeria (brig), 32. 
Vansittart (ship), 

15. 
Vengeance, 32, 291. 
Venus (brig), 200. 
Vigo (steamer), 351. 
Vincennes (sloop- 

of-war), 248, 342. 
W.L.Kibby (barque) 

342. 
Wade (brig), 306. 
Wanderer (ship), 7. 
Wanderer (yacht), 

331. 
Washington (brig), 

75. 
Washington(sloop), 

199. 
Weasel (sch.), 50. 
Welcome Return 

(brig), 181. 
Whim, 65. 
Whim (sch.), 200. 
Wild cat (sch.), 50. 
Wildfire (barque), 

351. 
William (brig), 200. 
William(brigantine) 

17. 
WilliamPenn (brig), 

192, 194. 
Wm. Schroder, 369. 
William Starkey, 

209. 
William & Henry 

(brig), 197. 
William & Henry 

(ship), 366, 368. 
Williams (barque), 

350, 351. 
Wissicumcon (brk.) 

377. 
Witch of the Wave 

(ship), 204, 378. 



Vessels. 

Wyandotte (sloop), 
350. 

Wymon (barque), 
383. 

Zaragozana, 39. 

Zenador (privateer), 

Zulene, 263. 
Vickery, , 127. 

John, 20. 

John, Jr., 19, 20. 

Richard, 6, 7. 
Vicksburg, 233. 
Vieira, Custadia, 173. 
Vigia de Chiguila, 56. 
Viscount, Abigail, 89. 

James, 89. 

Waddell, , 249. 

Waite, Wait, ,198, 

201. 

Amon, 392. 

Amos, 392. 

Amy, 392. 

Anna, 392. 

Bethiah, 394. 

Clarissa, 392. 

David, 392. 

John, 392. 

Jonathan, 392. 

Joshua, 392. 

Josiah, 392. 

Lueina, 392. 

Polly, 392. 

Rufus, 392. 

Ruth, 392, 394. 

Sally, 392. 

William, 392, 394. 
Wait and Pierce, 198, 

201. 
Wakefield, William, 

95. 
Wakefield, Mass., 157, 

269. 
Walcott, Elizabeth, 

266. 
Waldoborough, Me., 

306. 
Waldren, Waldern 
Richard, 94, 95. \ 
Wales, Elisha, 165. 

Josiah, 9. 

Mary, 9. 
Walker, , 165.351, 

Asa, 157. 

Betsey, 387. 



430 



INDEX 



Walker, Hannah, 156, 
157. 

Jason, 156, 157. 

Joseph, 157. 

Martha, 157, 

Mary, 157. 

Mehitabel, 157. 

Sarah, 157. 

Thomas, 157, 280. 
Wallace, Hezekiah, 

200. 
Waller, Mary, 95. 
Wallis, Calvin, 24,170, 
171. 

John, 207. 
Ward, Andrew, 206, 
207. 

Frederick Town- 
send, 184. 

Jonathan, 278. 

Peter, 280. 

Sarah, 280. 

Thomas Wren, 198. 

William, 198. 
Ward. Mass., 160,392, 

395, 396. 
Warden, Henry, 172. 
Wadsboro, Vt.. 275. 
Wardwell, Solomon, 4. 
Wareham, 17. 
Warner, , 26, 28. 

Jonathan, 278. 

Joshua, 83. 

Mary, 83. 
Warren, David, 120, 
134, 145, 146. 

Elizabeth, 164. 

G. K.. 100. 

Isaac, 164. 

Jacob, 164. 

John, 163, 164. 

Lydia, 164. 

Naomi, 163. 

Susan H., 164. 

Sybil, 163. 

William, 342. 
Warren, R.I., 79, 353. 
Warrington, Lewis, 

233. 
Warwick, 392. 
Washburn, Gardner 

S., 399. 
Washington, 172. 
Washington, George, 
21, 174, 199, 289, 
294, 296. 



Washington, D.C., 99, 

107. 
Waterloo, 291. 
Waters, , 369. 

Palmer, 369. 
Watertown, 378. 

Watergruel, , 298. 

Watson, , 53, 54, 

113, 240. 

Eziel, 287. 

Harriet Pamela,393. 

Judith, 83. 

W. H., 110, 112. 
Watts, William, 348. 
Weare, Nath., 90. 
Weathersfield, Vt., 
113, 174, 176. 

Weaver, , 388,390. 

Webb, , 12, 19, 

304. 

Arthnr N., 19. 

Francis R., 362. 

John, 84- 

Joseph, 19, 170. 

Thomas, 19, 20, 200. 

William, 303. 
Webster, Peter E., 24, 
170, 171. 

Nicholas, 89. 

Thomas, 95. 
Wedgwood, John, 288. 
Welch, Charles O., 
207. 

Jeremiah, 216. 
Weld, Edward F.,170, 
171. 

Welles, Wells, , 

233. 

Gideon, 236. 

Mary, 91. 

Thomas, 91. 
Wellington, Willing- 
ton, Mary, 396. 

Roger, 396. 
Wellman, Welman, 
, 27, 201. 

Abraham, 158. 

Elizabeth, 158. 

Ruth, 158. 

Timothy, 4. 

Timothy, 3d, 4. 
Wells (Me.), 93. 
Wenham, 81, 154. 

Wessels, , 305. 

Wesson, Jonathan, 
272. 



West, , 7. 

Annie, 360. 
Arthur W., 5. 
Benjamin, 5. 
Benjamin A., 207, 
370, 371, 374, 376. 
George, 207. 
John, 24, 169. 
Nathaniel, 194, 200, 

201. 
Thomas, 4-7, 178, 
183, 2J3. 
West Boylston, 160, 

386, 399. 
West Brookfield, 387. 
West Indies, 59,67,77, 
87, 104, 105, 107, 
182, 292. 
West Point, 100. 
West Townshend.Vt., 

398. 
Westboro,278,386,393. 
Western Islands, 174, 

251. 
Westford, 84. 
Westminster, Mass., 

269, 270, 
Westminster, N. H., 
399. 

Weston, , 240. 

Ephraim, 85. 
Nathaniel, 207. 
Weston, 279, 388. 
Whampoa, 191, 202, 

367. 
Wheat, Anne, 275. 

Solomon, 275. 
Wheatland, R., 26. 

Richard, 17. 
Wheeler, Gabriel,397. 
Joseph, 275. 
Nancy, 397. _ 
Susannah, 275. 
Wheelock,Moses, 278. 
Wheelwright, Aug.E., 
29. 
Jeremiah, 88. 

Whidden, , 348, 

349. 
John D., 348. 

Whitcomb, , 398. 

White, Christopher,4. 
Joseph, 200. 
Pall, 286. 
Stephen, 31. 
William, 210. 



INDEX 



431 



White Bark Swamp, 

100. 
Whitehouse, Charles, 

361. 
Whiting. Elias, 280. 
Whitmarsh, George, 

19, 20, 205. 
Whitney, A. H., 15. 

Dorcas, 270. 

Israel, 25. 

J., 15. 

J. and A. H., 15. 

Josiah, 396. 

Persis, 275. 
Whittemore, Sarah, 

159. 
Whitteredge, T., 201. 
Whitticker, Abraham, 

283. 
Whittier, , 227. 

Charles A., 98. 

Thomas, 92. 
Wiggin, Thomas, 95. 
Wilder, Emily, 191. 
Wilderness, 100. 
Wilkins, , 19, 205. 

Mary, 267. 
Willey,Benjamin, 267. 

Lydia, 267. 
Williams, , 5,215. 

Henry, 281. 

Henry L., 181, 198. 

Israel, 198. 

James S., 205, 207, 
211, 213, 361, 362. 

Jane, 281. 

John, 281. 

Joseph, 104, 287. 

Lidia, 281. 

Nath., 27. 

Thos., 200. 
Williams and Daland, 

5. 
Williamsburg, 346. 
Williamson, Thomas, 

170, 171. 
Willis, Benjamin, 30. 

Willey, , 90. 

Wilmington, Mass., 

166, 268, 272. 
Wilmington, N. C, 
174. 



Wilson, Wlllson, , 

102, 222, 223. 
Edward A., 12. 
John, 276. 
Mehitabel, 167. 
Wilton, N.H., 84,168, 

266. 
Winder, J. H., 99. 
Windham, Conn., 155, 
156, 162, 163, 275, 
280, 388-390. 
Windham, Vt., 160, 

396, 398. 
Winn, Benjamin, 395. 
Francis H., 24, 169. 
Joseph, 8, 11, 12, 
201. 
Winchester, 399. 
Winslow,Bradley,342. 
Winsly, Ephraim, 283. 
Winter Island, 113. 
Winthrop, William, 

271. 
Wiscasset, Me., 262. 
Wisconsin, 398. 
Withington, William, 

154. 
Woburn, 83, 159, 166, 
268. 

Wood, , 99. 

Aaron, 270. 
Bethia (Thier), 270. 
Dinah, 389. 
Enoch, 11, 12, 205. 
Jno., 91. 
Russell, 385, 366. 
Sally, 386. 
Samuel, 91. 
William C, 212. 
Woodbridge, Benja- 
min, 85, 268. 
John, 90, 91, 93, 

285, 288. 
Martha, 268. 
Mary, 285. 
Sarah, 85. 
Tho., 288. 
Woodbury, Woodber- 

ry, , 306. 

Freeborn, 200. 
H., 200. 
Stephen, 22. 



Woodman, Abigail, 86. 

Benjamin, 87. 

Jonathan, 85. 
Woodward, Abel, 269. 

Abigail, 391. 

Abraham, 391. 

Tabitha, 269. 
Woodwell, John, 83. 

Lydia, 83. 
Woolson,Hannah,154, 

Jonas, 154. 
Worcester, Wooster, 
Worster, , 90. 

Abigail, 82. 

Benjamin, 82. 

Daniel, 86. 

Francis, 82. 

John, 86, 89. 

Mary, 83. 88. 

Moses, Jr., 83. 

William, 82. 
Worcester, Mass., 19, 

20, 391, 399. 
Wright, Irene, 162. 

Jemima, 163. 

Rebekah, 270. 

John, 397. 

Joseph, 270. 
Wyman, Asa, 160,393- 

Mary, 159. 
Wyoming, 163, 



Yarmouth, 263. 

Yeaton, , 336. 

Yorke, Benjamin, 282. 
Yorktown, 100. 
Young, Ebenezer,165. 
Thomas, 120, 122, 
150. 
Yucatan, 56. 
Yucatan, Mexico, 37. 



Zanzibar, 191, 205- 
209, 212, 213, 215, 
216, 361, 363, 364, 
366, 368, 379, 380, 
382, 384. 



#162