Skip to main content

Full text of "The etymological enchiridion, or practical analyzer : shewing the etymon or root of all the words in the English tongue ..."

See other formats

f- THE 




Of all the Words in the English Tongue, 
Which are derived from the 

Hattit, dJr^efe, i^ebrfto, ifrenc^. Italian, antr ^psnwS Eanguage^: 



Of the Proper Names found in the Scriptures, and in the Classics ; as well 
as the ineaning of Christian Names now used among us, 


The whole arranged Alphabetically, Synthetically, and Analytically. 


The Rev. J. HARRISON, 

Incumbeut Curate of Grimsargh, near Preston, Lancashire. 



Sold iu liOndon 1>y 


t iS^o 

IS as 

— «>— 

As the Author of the following Work was in a 
very declining" state of health, at the time he was 
preparing it for the press ; and, as his life was 
most awfully and suddenly terminated,* whilst 
employed in correcting the proof-sheets, it is 
earnestly requested, that the Subscribers to the 
Work, as well as the Public, will make every 
reasonable allowance for any imperfection that 
may be found in the execution ; and particularly 
for the typographical errors, which, it is feared, 
will occasionally be met with. 

Notwithstanding the disadvantages under which 
it appears before the Public, it is still hoped, that 
it will be found to contain considerable information 
on the subject on which it professes to treat ; and 
to be very convenient and useful as a book of 
reference, particularly to the young ; for whose 
more immediate benefit it was intended by the 

* Mr. Harrison had just seated himself at his writing-desk, 
and taken up his pen, when he fell from his cJiair, and instantly 
expired ! 








Abalienate-ion, tor — ah ^ Alius, to take from another. 
Abbreviate-ion, or, ture — ah 8^ hrevis, short or shorter. 
Abdication-ate, ing — ah Sf dico, to disown. 
Abdomen — ahdo, to hide in the belly. 
Abduce-ent, tion, tor — ah^duco, to draw from. 
Aberrant-ion, ance — ah Sf erro, to wander from. 
Abhorrence-ent, er — ah horreo, to dread from. 
Abjectedness-tion, ly — ah Sfjacio, to cast from. 
Abintestate — ah, in, not, Sf testis, a witness. 
Abjugate — ah, from, 8fjugum, a yoke freed. 
Abjuration-abjure — ah andjiiro, to swear or deny* 
Ablactate — ah 8f lac, milk, weaning. 
Ablative, ablation — ahfero, latum, to carry from. 
Ablegate-ion — ah ^ legatus, an Ambassador. 
Abluents, ablution — ah 4' luo, to wash away 
Abligate — ah ^ ligo, to bind from. * 
Ablocate — ah ^ loco, to place out. 
Abnegate — ah 4* nego, to deny or refuse. 
Abnodatiou — ah ^ nodus, a knot cut off. 

AhnormovL^-^abSf norma, out of rule. 

Abolish-ment, ion — ab (§r oleo, to destroy. 

Abominate-ion, able, bly — ab & ominor, to hate. 

Aborigines — ab, or sine, without, Sf origo, a beginning first. 

Abortion-ive, ly — abSforiorortus, to arise m vain. 

Abrade, abrasion — ab <^ rado, to shave off. 

Abrogate-ation — ab 8f rogo, to ask, to destroy. 

Abrupt-ly, ion, ness — ab ^ rumpo, to break from. 

Abscess — abscessus, absSfcedo, to depart from. 

Abscind-ssion — ab 4* scindo, cut from. 

Abscond — abscondo, to hide from. 

Absent-ence, tee — abs 8f ens, from esse, to be. 

Absolve-tion, tely, ory — ab ^ solvo, to loosen from. 

Absonant — ah Sf sono, to sound wrong. 

Absorb-ent, orpt, ion — ab Sf sorbeo, to sup up from. 

Abstain-stmence, tention ) , . ,11^ 

? ab &- teneo, to nold from. 
Abstemious, q. abstemous ) 

Abstergent-absterge, sion, ive—absSf tergeo, to wipe clean 
Abstract-ion, edly — abs fy traho, to draw from. [from. 
Abstruse-ly, ness —abs 8f irudo, to thrust from or hide. 
Absume— fl6 8f sumo, to take from. 
Absurd-ly, ity, or, ness — ab &f surdus, deaf to reason. 
Abundance-ant, antly -ab Sf unda, water or wave, flow- 
ing in. 
Abuse-€r, sive, ness, sively — ah Sf msus, trom the use. 

Ac for ad, and ad for ac. 
Accede — ac Sf cedo, to yeild to. 
Accelerate-ed, tion — ac Sf celer, made swifter. 
Accend-sion — accendo (ad <§r candeo), to blaze. 
Accent-uate, nation — accentus (ad Sf cantus), a tune. 
Accept-able, ance, tation, ter, ably — accipio (ad Sf capio), 
to accept 

Access-ary, sible, ion, ory 'accessus (ad cedo), to ga to. 
Accidence-dent, al, ally — accidens (ad cado), to fall out. 
Accipient — accipiens (ad capio), to take. 
Accite — accitus (ad do), to stir up. 
Acclam-ation — ad clamo, to shout for joy. 
Acclivity-acclivous — acclivis (ad clivus), steep. 
Accoil — accolo (ad colo), to dwell near. 
Accommodate-tion, able, ately — accommodo, to lend or fit. 
Accompany-ed, ment — ad cum panis, eat bread together. 
Accomplice — ad cum plico, involved. 
Accomplish-ment, ed — ad cum pleo, to fill or finish. 
Accompts-ant, accountable — ad comptus or compactus, 
agree, neat clean. 

Accord-ance, ant, ing, ingly — ad corda, a musical string. 

Accost-able — arfcosfa, a rib, or side, or near. 

Accouple — ad copula, to link together. 

Accretion-tive — ad cretus (cresco), to grow to. 

Accrue — ad cresco, to encrease. 

Accubation— -acZ cumbo, to lean upon. 

Ac cumulate- tion, tive, tor — ad cumulus, 2l heaping up. 

Accuracy-rate, ly, ness — ad cura, care, exactness. 

Accursed — ad cursus, running to ruin. 

Accuse-able, tion, sative, er — accuso (ad causa), to indict. 

Acerb-ate, bity, or itude — acerbus (acer), bitter, sour. 

Acervate-tion — acervus, a heap. 

Acetous, acescent — acetum, vinegar, sour. 

Acid-ity or ness, acidulate — acidus, sour, sharp. 

Acquiese-ence — adquiesco, quiet, rest, assent. 

Acquire-ment, acquisition — ad quiro (qucero), to obtain. 

Acrid, acrimonious, acrimony, acritude — aca^, bitter. 

Act, action-able, ary, ive, ly — actum (ago) to do. 

Aculeate^ acumen, acute acus, a needle, sharp. 

Adapt, adaptation -ad! Sf aptvs, fit for. 

Add, addition, additim — addo (ad) to add to. 

Addecimate — ad Sf decern, ten, to tythe. 

Addict, addicted — ad Sf dico, to say or give up to. 

Adduce, adducent — ad ^ duco, to lead to. 

Ademption -ad 4* emo, to buy for. 

Adept — adeptus (adispiscor), learned. 

Adequate-ly, ness — adcequatus (ad Sf mqiius^, equal to. 

Adhere-rence, rent, adhesion, sivc — ad hoereo, to stick to. 

Adhibit, adhibition — ad hibeo (ad ^ habeo), to have or use. 

Adjacent, adjacency, adject — ad jaceo, to lay to, or near. 

Adjective, adjection, adjections — ad Sfjacio, to throw to. 

Adjoin, adjoining — ad &f jungo, to join to. 

Adipose, adipous adeps, fat. 

Adit— ac? eo, to go to. 

Adjudge, adjudicate, ion — ad judico, to judge for. 

Adjudicate-ion — adjiigum,, a yoke, to subject. 

Adjunct, adjunction — adjungo, to join to. 

Adjuration, adjure — adjuro, to swear to. 

Adjust-ing, ment, er — ad Justus, just, or orderly. 

Adjutant, adjutrix- adjutans (adjuto), to help. 

Adjuvate — ad juvo, to help another. 

Admeasurement — ad metior, to measure. [a servant. 

Administer-ation, ter, tor, trix — ad minister, to assist as 

Admire-able, ably, aiion, er — admiror, to wonder at. 

Admissible-sion, admit, able, ance — admissus (adSfmitto)^ 

to send in. 
Admix-tion, ture — ad mixus (ad ^'' misceo)^ to mix with. 
Admonish-er, ition, itory —ad moneo, to reprove for, 
Add-ition — addo, to add {ad 4* do) to. 
Adolescence ad olescens (adSf oleo), to grow up. 
Adopt-tion, ed, ter, tivc-— ac/ opto, to wish for. 

Adore-ation, able, ness, bly — adore (ad ^ ova), Land to 

the lips, to worship. 
Adorn-ment — ad orno, to dress finely. 
Adscititious — ad for, ascisco, to add or borrow. 
Adstriction-tive — adstrictio (ad string o), binding. 
Advene-ient, vent, ture — ad venio, to come to. [uncertain. 
Adventurer-ous, some, ouslj — ad ventus, the wind, 
Adverb-ial, ially — adverhum, to a word, [to or against. 
Adverse-aria, ary, ity, ly — ad versus, (ad ^ verto) to turn 
Advert-ence,^ ise, ment, er, ing— ac? verto, to turn to or 

Advesperate — ad vesper, the evening. 
Advise-able, edly, ness, er — advisus (ad Sf video), to see to. 
Adulation-tor, tory — adulatio (adulor), to flatter. 
Adult — adultus (adoleo), to crow up. 
Adultery-er, ess, ous, rate, ration — ad alter, to another. 
Adumbrate-tion — ad umbra, a shade. 
Adunation — adunus, one. 
Aduncity — ad uncus, crook or hook. 
Advoeate-tion — advocatus (ad <§r voco), to call to. 
Adure — aduro, to burn hard. 
Adust-ible, tion — adustus (ad (§r uro), burnt. 
Aerial, aerie — aer, air. 
CEstivation — cestas, summer. ' 

Afar, afeard, afraid — afari, too far to be heard speak. 
AfFable-ility, ness, bly — afarihabilis,^t to speak, [or do. 
Affected-edly, ness, tation — officio (ad &$• facio), to mak« 
Affection, affect-ing, ate, tive, ately — affectio (officio), 

to move. 
Affidavit — affido (ad Sfjido), to trust to, an oath. 
Affiliate-ion affiliatio (ad ^Jilius), a son proved. 
Affinage — adjftnis, an end or perfection* 


Affinity, affined — affinity {ad Sfjftnis)^ bordering on. 
Affirm-ation, able, live, lively, er — ajjirmo (ad Sfjirmo), 

to strengthen. 
Affix — affixus (adjigo)^ to fix or fasten to. 
Afflatus, afflation — afflatus (adSfJlo), to blow on. 
Afflict-ion, live — afflicto (ad ^ fligo), to beat or vex. 
Affluent-ence, afflux, ion — afflucns (ad ^Jluo), to How to. 
AfFront-ive, er — affrons (adfrons), the forehead, to vex. 
Affusion, affuse — affusio (ad ^ fiindo), to pour on. 
Afore — affore (ad ^ fore), to be before. 
Agent, agency — agens (ago), to do or act. 
Aggelation — aggelo (ad 8f gehi), frost, frozen. 
Aggeneration — aggenero (ad ^^ genus), a kind. 
Agglomerate-ion — agglomero, to wind on a heap. 
Agglutination-ate, ative — agglutino (ad gluten), to glue to. 
Aggrandize-ment — ad 4' grandis, bigger and bigger. 
Aggravate-tion — aggravo, to load, or burden. 
Aggregate-tion --aggrego (adSfgrex), flock, or heap, [fight. 
Aggression-or, aggress — aggredior (ad gredior), to go to 
Aggreive-ance, ed — aggravo (ad ^ gravis), heavy, vexed. 
Agile-ity, ness — agilis (ago), nimble. 
Agitate-ed, tion, tive, able, tor — agito, to shake, or move. 
Agnation — agnatus (ad ^ nascor), to be born. 
Agnition, agnize — agnito (agnosco), to know. 
Agrarian — agrarius (ager), a field. 
Agriculture-ist — agricultura (ager 6f cola), till a field. 
Alacrity — alacritas (alacer acer), brisk. 
Alb, Albion — albus, white. 

Ale-alible, aliment, ary, mony — alo, to nourish. 
Algid, algidity, algiiick — algidus (algeo), to be cold. 
Alien-able, ate, ation — alienus, a stranger. 
Alias— a/icfi?, in another place. 

Aliquant — aliquanio, a little. 

Aliquot — aliquid, some part. 

AUege-able, ed — allego (ad 4' lego)^ to affirm, plea. 

Allegiance-ant^ — allege (ad c^ l^x), to obey the law. 

AUectation — alleeto, to allure. 

AUeviate-ation— a//euo (ad 5f levis), to lighten. 

Alliciency, allies — aliicio, to aiiuie. 

Allegation-ator — alligatio (llgo), to ty together. 

AWhion— allisus (allidOf ad Icedo), to dash. 

Alliteration — ad Utera, a letter repeated. 

Aiiocatiou — ad loco, to place to. 

Allocution — ad loquor, to speak to. 

Alder — alnus, an alder tree. 

Allude-sion, sive — alludo (ad Sf hido), to pun. 

Alluminate — ad lumen, light. 

Alluvion, alluvions — alluvio (ad S^ luo), to wash to. 

Altar — altare (altiis), high. 

Alter-able, ants, ation, tive — alter, another. 

Altercation — altercatio (alter), scolding. 

Alternate-ly, ancy, nation, tive alternus, another. 

Altisonant — altisonans, high sounding. 

Altitude — altitudo (alias), height. 

Alveolate- — alvcus, a channel. 

Alum, aluminous — aluraen, alum. 

Amability, amiable, ness, amorous — amo, to love. 

Amanuensis — amanuensis, pen in hand. 

Amandation — amando (alio mando), to send away. 

Amaritude — amaritudo (a mare), sea, bitter. 

Amaze-ed, ly, ment, zing — amaze, a labyrintli. ^ 

Amatuer, amatory — amator, a lover of arts. 

Ambages — ambages (amhi ago), turning, winding. 

Ambidexter-ous — ambo, both, dexter, right hand. 


Ambient — ambiens (ambiSf eo), to go round. 
Ambifarious — ambi, about, Safari, to speak. 
Ambiguous-Ij, ness — ambi, about, S^ ago, to act. 
^mbiloquy-quous — a7nbi, about, Sf loquor, to speak. 
Ambit-tion, ous — ambi, about, 3^ eo, to go. 
Amble-er, ation, atory — ambulo, to walk. 
Amoenity — amcenitas, pleasantness. 
Amicable-ness, ly, amity — amicus, a friend. 
Amiss-sion, amit — amissus {a Sf mitto) , lost, destroyed. 
Ammunition — am muniiio, a fortifying. 
Ample-ness, ate, ation, tude, ly-^amplus, large or widew 
Amplification-cate, fy — amplus ^fio, to be made large. 
Amputation-tate — amputo (am S^ puto), to lop off, 
Amuse-ment, ing — a musa, a song. 
Ancbor-age — anchora, an ancbor. 
Angel-ie, angelica — angelus, an angel. 
Angle, angular — angnlus, a corner. 
Anbelation -anhelo, to break sbort. 
Animadvert-sion — animadverto, to turn the mind to. 
Animdil - -animal {anima), life, living. 
Animate-tion, tive, osity — animo, to give life. 
Annals, annats, annalist — annus, a year. 
Annex-ion, ment — annexus (ad 4" necto), to" knit together. 
Annihilate-tion — annihilo {ad &f nihil), to destroy. 
Anniversary — annus, a year, <^ versus, a turning. 
Anno Domini 181B — anno, in tbeyear, c/owjiwi, of tlieLord. 
Annotation-tor — annotatio (ad S^ iiota), a mark. 
Announce-tion, annunciate — annuncio {ad df nuncio), to tell 
Annual-ly, tant, ity, lar — annus, a year. 
Annumerate-tion — ad Sf numero, to number or add to. 
Antecede-ence, dent, ssor — ante, before, <5r ccdo, to go^ 
Antechamber — ante S^ camera, a first chamber. 

Antedate ante <^ datus {do), to give prior date, [flood. 
Antediluvian — antCy before, <5r diluvian (luo), to wash, a 
Antemeridian — ante meridies, before south or mid day. 
Antemundane — ante mundus, before the world. 
Antepast — ante pastus (pascor), to feed or taste before. 
Antepenult, last but tvs^o — ante pene, almost, Sf ultimus, 
Anterior-oritj — ante, before. [last. 

Antique or antick-ary, ate, ty — antiquMs, old. 
Antichrist-tian — anti, against, Christus, Christ. 
Anticipate-tion — ante, before, cipate (capio), to take. 
Anticonvulsive — anti, against, convulsive (vello), to pluck. 
Autre, entry — antrum, a cave, den, or opening. 
Anxiety-hang, anxious — anxietas (anyo), to choak or vex. 
Apart-ment — a pars, partis, a part of itself. 
Aperient-tion, ture — operio, to open. 
Apiary — apis, a bee. 

Apparatus — apparatus (ad 4 paro), to prepare. 
Appear.ance, rel, rent, rition, ritor — appareo, to appear. 
Appeal-lant, lation, tive, tory — appello (ad Sf pello), to 

apply to. 
Appease-ment — ad pax pads, io drive to peace, [hang to. 
Append-age, dant, dic^te, dix-^appenc?o (ad Sfpendo), to 
Appertain-ent — ad per teneo, to hold as ones own. 
Appetence-tible, bility, tile — ad, for, ap peto, to desire or 

ask for. 
Applaud-ausc — ad, for ap, plaudo, to clap hands. [suit to. 
Apply-cation, cative, cant, tory — applico {ad Sf plico), to 
Appoint-ed, ment — ad punctum, to the point. 
Apportion — ad portio, to divide to or among, [or against. 
Appose-ite, ition, itely — appositus (ad Sf pono), to place to 
Appreciate — ad Sf pretium, ^ price or value. 
Apprehend-sion, sive — ad 4' prehendo, to take, to karn. 


Oppressed — adpressns (premo), to press to. [approve. 

Approve-bation, al, able, ed — ad Sf probo, to prove, 

Appropriate-ation — ad 4* proprius, ones own. 

Approximate-tion — ad Sf proximus, the nearest. 

Appulse — ad^pelloy pulsus, to drive against. 

Appurtenance — ad ^ periineo, to belong to. 

Apricot, or apricock — apricer, to bask in the sunr. 

April — aperio, to open, i. e. the ground. 

Apt-titude, Ij, ness — apto, to fit. 

Aqua fortis — aqua fortis, strong water. 

Aquatic, aquarius — aqua, water. 

Aqueduct — aqua, water, 4* duco, to lead. 

Aquiline — aquila, an eagle. 

Arable-tion, lure, tory — aro, to plow. 

Araneous — aranea, a spider. 

Arbitrate-tor, tion, arj, ment — arbitror, to sentence. 
Arborary-eous, escenl, our, ist — urbur, a tree. 

Arbute — arbutus, a wild strawberry, [arch. 

Arcade-arch, archer, ery, arcuate, tion — arcus, a bow or 

Ardent-cy, dor, arduous, ly — ardeo, to burn with desire. 

Area, green area — area, any void place in a city. 

Arefaction — arefacio, to make dry. 

Arenacious, arenose — arena, sand. 

Argent — argentum, silver, 

Argillacious, argill — argilla, potter's clay. 

Argonauts — argo, a ships name, & nauta, a sailor* 

Argue-ment, tation, tive, tal, argute — arguo, to prove. 

Arians, arietate, tion — aries, a ram or tup, arius, leader of. 

Arid-ity— anc^MS (ardeo)^ dry. 

Arise — orisus (prior), to get up. 

Ark of Noah — area, a chest or coffer. [weapons. 

Arm-ada, ament^ dillo, ture arwo^ to arm or take up 


Armiger — arma, anus, & gero^ lo carry. 
Armillary-lated, armlet — armilla, a bracelet. 
Armipotent-ence — arma, arms, & potens, powerful. 
Armistice — arma & sto, to stand still. 
Armory, armour, army — arma, arms, weapons. 
Aromatic-tize — aroma, sweet spices. 
Arrive-al — ad, to, & rivus, bank or shore, [rogo, to ask. 
Arrogance-ant, ly, arrogate, a rogue — arrogo, to claim, 
Art-ful, ly, ness, ist, less, ly — ars, art, cunning, science. 
Artery — arteria, the wind pipe. [utter. 

Articulate-tion, cle, lately — articulo (artus), to joint or 
Artilice-er, ial, ly — ars &facio, to do according to art. 
Ascend-ant, ancy, sion, ascent — ascendo (ad scando), to 

climb up to. 
Ascititious — ascisco, to add. 

Ascribe-tion — ascriho (ad & scribo), to write to any. 

Shore, ashore to the coast — ora, coast, shoi'e or shorn, 
cut ofF. 

Asinary, asinine, ass asinus, an ass. 

Asp, aspic- — aspis, an asp, poisonous. 

Asparagus — asparagus, an esculent plant. 

Aspect-tion — aspectus(adspecto), look or view 

Asperity, asperate — asper, rough. 

Asperse-sion — nspersus (ad & spergo,) to sprinkle, bedew, 

Asi^ire-^aspiro (ad & spiro), to breathe for, aim at. 

Assault — ad & salto, to leap to, or attack. [heaped up. 

Assemblage, assemble, ly, ate — ad & simiUs, like to like, 

Assent — ad & sentio, to think alike, or agree, [oneself. 

Assert-tion, tor, tive— ac? & sero, to sow, or plant for 

Assess-ment — assessor {ad &sedeo),Si justice on the bench. 

Asseveration — assevero {ad& sero verum), to affirm boldly. 

Assiduity-ous, ly — assiduus {ad & sedeo) , to sit close to. 


Assign-ee, ation, able, ment — assigno (ad &signum), to 
appoint, depute. 

Assimulation — ad & simulo, to pretend or liken. 

Assist-ance, ant — assisto [ad sisto, sto), to stand to or help. 

Associate-ation — associo (ad & socius), to accompany, fit. 

Assonance-ant — assono (ad & sono) ans, by sound, echo. 

Assort-ment — ad & sors, a lot or portion, or class. 

Assuage, ment, er, sive — ad & suadeo, to persuade, to 

Adsubjugate — ad sub Sc jugum, to put under the yoke, 

Assiieiude— assiietiis (ad & suesco), to use to or accustom. 

Assunie-ing, ption, tive — ad & sumo, to take or claim. 

Astern — asterno (ad & sterno), to spread the water. 

Astonish-ment, astonied, astound or astounied — ad & 
iono, to thunder or frighten. 

Astral — astrum, a star. 

Astray — abs & traho, to draw from the way. 
Astriction — astrictio (ad&: stringo), to bind to. 
Astringe-ent — ad & string o, to draw or bind together, 
Atone-ment — ad, to, unns, one, to make one. 
Atrabilarius — atra, black, & bilis, bile. 
Atramental — atramentum, ink or blacking. 
Atrocious-it3% ly — 2itrox, crnel, or wicked, [to, or reach. 
Attain-able, ment, attaindre — attineo (adSz teneo), to hold 
Attemper-ate — attcmpero (ad & tempus), to make fit. 
Attempt — ad & tento, to try, (ad tempus], 
Attend-ance, ant, tion, tive — attendo {ad & tendo), to 

[stretch out the neck. 
Attenuate-ant — ad & tenuis, thin, or slender. 
Attest-ation — ad & testis, a witness. 
Attic — atticus, an Athenian, high and lofty. 
Attract-tion, tive — attractus (ad & traho), to draw to. 


Attribute-able — ad &: trihuo, to give or ascribe to. 

Attrite-ion — attritus (ad & tero), worn, or rubbed bare. 

Attune — ad & tonus, a tone or sound. 

Avail-able, ment — a <fe valeo, to be able, or prevail. 

Avarice-ous, ness — avarus (aveo, to have), covetous. 

Auction-eer —auctio (augeo) encreasing, advancing. 

Ancupatioii — aucupor, to go a fowling. 

Audacious-ness, city^^audaoc (audeo), bold, daring. 

Audible-ence, audit, ory^ — audio, to hear. 

Aver-ment — ad verum, to the truth, affirm. 

Averse-sion, avert — aversus (a & verto), to turn from. 

Augur-y — atigur, a sootbsayer. 

August — augustus — honorable. 

Aviary — aviarium (avis), a place for birds. 

Avidity — avidus (aveo), greedy. 

Aulic — aula, a court or hall. 

Avocate-tion — a, from, &:voco, to call. 

Avolation — a & volo, to fly from. 

Auricle, auricula — auris, an ear. 

Auriferous — atirum, gold, &fero, to carry. 

Aurora — aurora (aurum), sun rise. 

Aurelia — aurelia (aurum), yellow chrysalis. 

Auricular — auris, an ear, within hearing. 

Aurora bore alis —awrora horealis (boreas), north wind. 

Auspice-ous — auspicium (auspex), omen. 

Austere-ity, ly, austral — austerus (auster), harsh, severe. 

Authpr-ity, ize, tative, cate, tic — autor or auctor (augeo)^ 

a writer. 
Autumn — autumnus (augeo), encrease of fruit. 
Avulsion — avulsus (a vello), torn from. 
Auxiliar, ary — auxilior, to help. 
Axis, axle— aa:ic9, an axletree. 




Eacciferouo — hacca, 2l berry, Scfero, to bear. 
Barbarous-ity, ly, ism, ian — harbarus, savage. 
Beast-ly, iiess, bestiality, al — hestia, a beast. 
Beatilic-ation, fy, tude — heatus, happy. Si Jii>, to make. 
Belligerent-ous — helium, war, & ^fero, to carry on. 
Belluine — bellua, a beast. 

Benedict-ion, tines — bene, well, & dico, to speak. 
Benefaction-tor, tress, benefice-— ^ewe, well, Sc facia, to do. 
Beneficence-cent, cial, ciary, fit — bene, well, &Jio, to do. 
Benevolent-ence — bene, well, & vo/o, to wish, 
Benign-ity, ly — benignus, kind. 
Bicorne-ous — bis, twice, Si cornu, a horn. 
Bidental — bis, twice, & deiis, a tooth. 
Biennial — bis, twice, & annus, a year. 
Bifarious — bis, twice, Sifari, to speak. 
Biferous — bis, twice, Sz fero, to bear. 
Bifid— iis Sijindo, jidi, to cleave twice. 
Biformed — bis Si forma, a double shape. 
Bifurcated — bisSifurca, a fork, two grained. 
Binary— 6mws, double. 
Binocular — binus, two, & oculus, an eye, 
Bipartite-tion — bis &: partior, to divide twice. 
Biparous — bis Si pario, to bring forth two. 
Biped, bipedal — bis Si pes, a foot, two footed. 
Bipennated — bisSipenna, two winged. 
Biquadrate — bis & quadra (guatuor), four square, squared. 
Biquintdte — bis Si quintals, the fifth doubled. 
Bissextile — bis Si sextilis (bis sex, twice six), leap year 366 
days, the 6th of cal. of March; being counted twice* 


Bituminous — bitumen, pitch. 

Bivalve-alar^ — bis & valvce, two doors or shells.. 

Bland-ish, ment — blandus, kind. 

Bounty-ous, 1}% fully — bonitas, goodness. 

Brief-ly, ness, vity — brevis, short. 

Brumal — bruma, winter. 

Brutal-ity, lize, ally — brutalitas, brutality (brutus, beastly). 

Bulbous-aceous — bulbus, a round root. 

Butyraceous — butyrum, butter. ' 

C ' 

Cachinnation — cachinno, to laugh aloud. 

Cacuminate — cacumino, to sharpen or point. 

Cadaverous — cadaver, a carcase. 

Cadence— cac?o, to fall. 

Cade, caddy — cadus, a cask. 

Caduce — caduceus, a wand. 

Calamity 'Ous — calamus, a reed, leaned on. 

Calculate-tion, tor, orj^ lose — calculus, a stone, [make. 

Calefaction-tire, tory, fy — caleo, to be hot, ^ facto, to 

Calenture — caleo, to be hot. 

Calice or chalice — calix, a cup. 

Calid-ity — calidus, hot. 

Caligation-nous — caligo, a mist. 

Callous-ity — callus, hardness. 

Calorific — calor, heat, &: Jio, to make. 

Calumny-ate, tor, ous, tion — calumnia, reproach. 

Calx, calcine, ation, tory — calx-cis, lime or chalk. 

Camel - camehis, a camel. 

Camera obscura — camera, a chamber, Sz obscura, dark. 

Camerated-tion — camerarius, vaulted, or crooked. 


Canip-aign-— c«wpws, a plain tieltl. 

Canal — canalis, a channel. 

Cancer-ous, ness — cancer, a crab fisb. 

Candent — candeo, to be red hot or glitter. 

Candid-ate, ly, candle, or, dy — candidus, while*. 

Cane — caniia, a cane or reed. 

Canicula-ar, canine — canis, a dog. 

Canis major — canis major, greater dog. 

Canis minor — canis minor, lesser dog. 

Canker — cancer, a crab fish. 

Cannabine — cannabiniis, hempen. 

Canopy — canopus, a bending. 

Canorous-cant, tata, tion — cano, to sing. 

Canter, canto, canticle — canto, to sing. 

Cap-ability, able, acious, ty — capio, to take or receive^ 

Caper-ice, ous, ness — caper, a goat. 

Capsular-late-sule — copsula, a small chest. 

Captive-ity-tiire, or — capto, to catch. 

Card, charter-er^-c/iarf«, paper. 

Cardinal — cardinalis, chief hinge. 

Cariosity-ous — caries, rottenness. 

Carnal-ity, tion, elion, osity — caro, flesho 

Carnivorous — euro, flesh,, & voro, to devour. 

Cartrage-ulary — carta, paper. 

Case~ous, al, ty, ist, irv— casus, case. 

Castle-ated — castellum, a strong building. 

Castigation-ory — casiigo, to beat or chastise^ 

Castrate-ion — castro, to unmai). 

Catenation — catena, a chain. 

Cavate-lion, cave — cavo, to hollow. 

Caveat — caveat, let him take care. 

Cavera-ous, etto — caverna, a hollow place. 


Cave, cavity — caws, hollow. 

Cauliflower — caulis, a stalk, &floSf a flower. 

Cause-less, tive, al, able — causa, a cause. 

Caution-oxis, ly, ness, ary — cautio (caveo), to take care. 

Cease-less — cesso, to cease or forbear. 

Cedar-ine — cedrus, a cedar tree. 

Celebrate-tion, ous, ity — celeber, famous. 

Celerity — celer, swift. 

Celestial-ly, fy — coelestis, heavenly. 

Celebacy, celebate — coelebs, a bachelor. 

Cell-ar, ular — cella, a cellar. 

Celsitude — celsus, high. 

Cenatory^ — cena, a supper. 

Censor-ioiis, ure, able, ness — censeo, to judge. 

Cent-enary, esimal — centum, a hundred. 

Central-ly, centry — centrum, a centre or middle. 

Centrifugal — centrum & fuga, flight from the centre. 

Centripetal — centrum & peto, to desire the centre. 

Centuple — centuplex, a hundred fold (plico), 

Centuriate-on, ator — centurio, a hundred parts. 

Cerated, cere, ments — cera, wax. [wax. 

Ceremony-ious, al, alness — ceremonia, ceremony, Uera, 

Certain-ty, ly — certus, sure. 

Certificate-fy, tude — certus Szfio, to make sure. 

Cervical — cervix, the neck. 

Cerulean-ous — coeruleus, blue. 

Cessation-ibiliiy, or ion — cesso, to cease. 

Cestus — cestus, a girdle. 

Cetaceous — cete, a whale. 

Chancellor-ship, ry — cancellaria, courts of Chancery. 

Channel — canalis^, a gutter. 

Chant-er, ess, try — canto, to sing. 



Chanticleer — canto & clarus, clear crowing. 

Chapel-ry, Iain, ship — capella, a chapei. 

Chaplet-eron, chapt€r — caput, the head. 

Chariot-eer— c«rrw6% a cart. 

Charity-able, Cherub — charitas (charus, dear,) love, 

Chart-er, ed — charta, paper. 

Chastity-ten, tiz€, ment, er — castus, chaste. 

Cheer-ful, ly, ness, cherry, ish — charusy dear. 

Cheese — caseus, cheese. 

Chord — chorda^ a bowstring. 

Chorus — chorus, a company of singers. 

Cibarious — cibus, food. 

Cicatrice — cicatrix, a scar. 

Cicuta — cicuta, hemlock. 

Ciliary — cilia, eyelids. 

Cincture— c/?t^o, to gird. 

Cinders, cinereous — cinis, ashes. 

Cingle — cingulum, a girdle. 

Circle-ed, let, cuit, tion — circulus, a round thing. 

Circuit-lation, lar, ly, ate — circum, about, Sz eo, to go^ 

Circulate-tion, tory — circum & fero latus, to carry round. 

Circumambient-tory — circum & ambio, to surround. 

Circumcise-on — circum & scindo, to cut round. 
Circumference-entor — circum 6i fcrOy to carry round. 
Circumflex — circum S^jiccto, to bend round. 
Circumlluence-ent — circum & fluo, to flow round. 
Circumfuse-ile, sion — circum Szfundo, to pour round. 
Circumjacent — circum S^ jaceo, to lie round. 
Circumlocution — circum & loquor, to speak round. 
Circummured — circum <!^ murus, walled round. 
Circumnavigate-tion, tor — circum & navigo, to sail round. 
Circumpolar — circum & polus, round a pole. 


Circuni position — circum & pono, to put round. 

Ci ream rotation — circum & rota, a wheel, round. 

Circumscribe-ption — circum & scribo, to write round. 

Circunispect-tion-ly — circum S^ specto, to look round. 

Circumstance-ant, ate — circum & sto, to stand round. 

Circumvallate-tion — circum Sz vallum, a rampart, round. 

Circumvent-ion — circum & venio, to come round. 

Circumvest — circum & vestio, to cloth round. 

Circumvolve-tion — circum & volvo, to round round. 

Circus — circus, a circle. 

Cist-ed — cista, a case or chest. 

Cistern — cisterna, a cistern. 

Cite-ation, er-tory — cito, to summons. 

Cither a — cither a, a harp. 

Citron-ine — citrus, a citron. 

Civic-il, ian, ity, ize, tion — civis, a citizen. 

Claim-ant, er, able — clamo, to demand loudly, [shade. 

Clair obscure — clarus, clear, & ohscurus, dark, light and 

Clamour-ous — clamo, to exclaim. 

Clancular-destiue, ly — clancutarus, secret. 

Clang-or, ous, clank — clango, to sound a trumpet. 

Claret, clarion, ity — clarus, clear. 

Clarichord — c/ti/a ^ chorda, a string sounding clear. 

Clarificatiun-fy — clarus Sffio, to make clear. 

Class-ic — classis, a form or division. 

Clavated - c/avci, a club. 

Clavicle — clavicula, a little key, or collar hone, thus S. 

Clause, close, cloister, et — clausula (claudo), to shut up. 

Claustral-sure — claustrum (claudo), a bar. 

Clear-ance, er, ness, ly — clarus, clear. 

Cleave, cleft, clove, clift — clavis, a key to open with* 

Clemency-ent — dementia, mercy , 


Clerk-ical — clerus, clergy. 

Client — cliensy a retainer. 

ClifF — clivus, a steep place. 

Coacervate-tion — co, for, con, together, &: acervvs, a heap. 

Coaction-tive — co, together, & ago, actum, to do or act. 

Coacljutant-ancy, tor — co So. adj.nvo, to help together to. 

Coadunition — co, & ad & iinus, one, all together one. 

Coagment-tion — co & augmento, to join together hy glue. 

Coagulate-tion-ive — coayulo, to curdle together. 

Coalesce-ence, tion — co, alesco, to grow together. 

Coaption -co & apto, to fit together. 

Cochieary, cockle, ed — cochlea, a periwinkle. 

Coctile, cook, tion — coqneo, to cook. 

Code — codex, a book, or bark of a tree. 

Codicil — codicillus, a. little book. 

Coddle — coctito, to boil often. 

Coefficient-acy, ency — co, together, & officio, to effect or do. 

Coequal-ity — co & cequus, even. 

Coerce- tion-ible-ive — coerceo (con & arceo), to restrain. 

Coessential-ity — co & esse, the same being or essence. 

Coeternal-ly, ity — co & oeternus, eternal together. 

Coeval-vous — co & cevum, an age, of the same age. 

Coexist-ent — co Sf existo (sto), to be, or exist together. 

Coextend-sion — co, ex Sf tendo, to stretch out together. 

Cogent-cy, ly, cog, cogger — cogo, to force {con c5* ago), 

Cogitable-tion-tive — cogito, to think. 

Cognation — 2cgnatus (con 3;nati/s), born together, related. 

Cognative-izablf , ance — cognosco (con 8f nosco), to know. 

Cognomination — cognomen (con Sf nomino), a surname. 

Cognoscence-cible — cognosco, to know. 

Cohabit-ant-tion — co, together, Sj' hahito, to live. 

Coheir-ess — co ^ hceres, an heir, (hcereo, to stick te)» 


Coliere-sion-ent-ence-iye — co &) hcereo, to slick together. 

Cohort — cohors, a troop of soldiers. 

Coincident-ence — coiricido {co, in 4' cado), to fall upon or in. 

Coindieation — cOy in Sc dico {co, in Sf dico), many symptons. 

Conjoiu-joint — co Sfjango, to join together. 

Coition — CO ^^ eo, to go together. 

Cake — coquo, to cook or prepare. 

Colander-ation, tiire — colo, to strain. 

Colic — colice, 

Coliapse-sion — col, for, con ^ Inbor, to fail together. 

Collar, collet — collar e (collum, the neck). 

Collate-tion, tor — col 8f fero latuSy to compare together. 

Coilateral-ly — col^ latus, the side, sideways. [together. 

College-ian, league, ate — collegium, col ^ lego, to read 

Cjllect-ion, ive, tor — collectus, col Sf lego, to gather 

CoUide-sion— coZ/2c?o, colSf loedo, to heat or strike. 
Colligation — col S^ ligo, to bind together, 
CoUiquate-quant, ment — col Sf liqueo, to melt. 
CoUiquifaction-^co/, liqueo ^ facto, to melt together. 
CoUocatio — col ^ loco, to place together. 
CoUoquy-logue — col &f loquor, to talk together. 
Colluctation — col Sf luctor, to struggle together, [together. 
Collude-sion, sive, ly, ory — col 4^ Ittdo, to play or deceive 
Cullyrium — collyrium, eye salve. 
Colony-ise — colonia, colo, to till. 
Calour-ate, aiion, ific - color, colour. 
Coloured-ing, ist, ed, less—color, colour. 
Columbary — columha, a dove. 
Columbine — columbina, vervain. 
Column-ar — columna, a pillar, {collum, a neck)^ 
Calures— cotoes, imaginary circles. 


Comb-er, comely, ness, et — comUy a lock of hair, (comis, 

Combine-ation — com, for, con, together, ^ hinus, two. 

Combust-ible, siion — comburo (con ^ uro), to burn together. 

Comfort-able, er, less — comSffortis, strong, together, 

Comitial — comitia, an assembly. 

Command-ment, er — com ^ mando, to command or order. 

Commaterialty — com ^ materia, matter put together. 

Commemorable-ation — com ^ memoria, memory of many. 

Commend-ation, able, ory — commendo (con Sf mandd), to 
be praised of many. [together. 

Commensurate-tion, able— com S^ mensura, a measure 

Commensality — com 4' mensa, a table to eat on together. 

Comment-ary, ator, titious — com ^ mens, a mind to in- 
vent together. 

Commerce-cial — com ^ merces, goods or wares together. 

Commigrate-tion— ' coin ^ migro, to depart together. 

Commination-tory — com 4' minor, to threaten together. 

Comminute-tion — com ^ minus, to lessen together. 

Commiserate-tion, able- com 4* misereor, to pity together. 

Commission-ary, ioner, mit — com ^ mitto, to give up to 

Commitment-tee, ible — committo, to entrust to many. 

Commix-ion, ture — com ^ misceo, to mix together. 

Commodious-tj', ness, ly — com ^ modus, fashioned like, 
or fit. [together. 

Common-alty, er, ly, ness — communis, general, alike 

Commonition — com Sf moneo, to advise together. 

Commorant — com ^ moror, to abide together. 

Commotion— com 4* moveo, to move together. [with. 

Commune-ication, cant — eommunico, to impart or share 

Coramunion-ty — com 4* mitnio, to strengthen together. 


Commutability-able, ute — com 6f muto, to change together* 
€orapact-ly, ness, ture — com ^ pactum (jjaciscor), to 

Compages-gination — compago, a joint put together. 
Company-ion, able — com <^ panis, bread eat together. 
Compare-ison, tive, ly, able — com Sf paro (par), to equal 

Compart-ment, ilion — com Sf partio, to divide together. 
Compass — com Sc passus, a sapping round. 
Compassion-ate, ly — com Si" patior, to suffer with. 
Compatible-ity, ly, ness — com Sfpateo, to lay open together. 
Compatriot — com df patria, ones country together. 
Compei-lable, pulsion — comS^pello, to drive together. 
Compeer — com ^ par, equal together. 
Compendium-ous, ly — compendium, a short method. 
Compensate-tion, tive— co/w Sf pendo, to pay together, 

(pensus). [suit. 

Competence-ent, ly — com Sf peto, to be proper, agree, or 
Competition-titor — competo, to ask or sue for together. 
Compile-ation, ler — com <§r pilo, to pillage or heap up 

together. [to please together. 

Complacence-cy, cent, complaisance-ant-ly — com S^placeo, 
Complanate — com Sf piano, to smooth or plain together. 
Complement-tion, ete, ly — comSfpko, to fill together. 
Complex-edness, xion — com Sf plexus {plector), embracing 

Comply-ance, ment — comSf pleo, to fill or satisfy together. 
Complicate-tion — com Sf plico, to fold together. 
Compose-ition, nent, er — comd^pono, to put together. 
Comport-ment, able — com <§r porto, to carry or behave 

oneself. [together. 

Compositor-post, sure, edly — com Sf positus {pono), put 


Cempotation— cowi <5)^ poto, to drink together. 
Compound-er, able — com ^^ pono, to put together. 
Comprehend-sion, sive — com Sf prehendo, to take hold of 

together. [close together. 

Compress-sion, ure, — com & pressus (premo), to press 
Comprobation— com & probo^ to prove together. 
Compromise — com pro & missus (mitto), send for and to. 
Compulsion-si ve, ory — com Sf piilso, to beat or force. 
Compunction-tive — com ^ punctum (pungo), to prick. 
Compurgation-ator — com Sf purgo, to cleanse together. 
Compute-ation, able — com S^^, to reckon together. 
Comrade— com Sf rado, to shave, or live together. 
Concameration — con ^' camera, a chamber or vault. 
Concatenate-ation — con fy catena, chained together. 
Con cave-it J, ticn, vous — con ^ cavus, hollow. 
Conceal-ment, able, er — con Sf ceh, to hide. 
Concede-sion, ively, ary — con Sf cedo, to grant. 
Conceit-ed, ly, ness, conceive, able, bly, ness — con ^ 

cepius, concipio, capio, to take. 
Concentrate-tion — con ^ centro, to drive inward. 
Conception-tacle, ible — concipio, con Sf capio, to understand 
Concern-ing, ment — con Sf cerno, to perceive or feel. 
Concert-ation, tive— -cow ^ certo, to strive together. 
Conciliate-tion, tor — con ^ cilia, eyebrows, or love. 
Concinnity-ous — concinnus, neat, new shaven. 
Concise-ness, ly — con ^ cisus, scindo, to cut short. 
Concite-ation — con ^ cito, to stir up together, 
Conclamation — con Sf clamo, to cry out together. 
Conclave — con Sf clams, a key to shut with. 
Conclude-sion, sive — con Sf cludo, to shut up together. 
Concoagulation — con Sf coagulo, to curdle together. 
Coucoct-ion — con Sf coquo, to cook or boil together. 


Conconiitant-ly, tute — con S^ comes, a companion. 
CJoncord-ance, ate, ant — con ^* corda, a string or wirfe 

Concorporate — con & corpus, a body mixt with others. 
Concourse — con & cursus, curro, to run together. 
Concrete-escence, tion — con & cretus, etesco, to gro\V 

Goncu bine-age — con & cube, to lie down together. 
Conculcate — con & calco, to kick or tread on. 
Concupiscence-ent, ible — con & cupio, to desire together. 
Concur-rent — con Sf curro, to run or agree together. 
Concussion-ire — concutio, quatio, to shake together. 
Condemn-ation, ory — con & damno, to condemn, blame. 
Condense-ation, ity, er—con & dcmus, thick together. 
Condescend-sion, ing — con de & scando, to climb down 

Condign-ly, ness — con & dignns, worthy together. 
Condition-al, ly, ately — condio, do, to give or grant 

Condole-ment, er-— eon & doleo, to grieve wdth together. 
Conduce-sive, conduct, it — con & duco, to bring together. 
Conductor-ess, conduit — conduco, to bring or lead together. 
Confabula-tion, tory—^cow &fabula, a story or fable. 
Confect-ion,er, ary — conficio, facio, to make or preserve. 
Confederate-C} , ation — con &ff£dus, a league or agreement. 
Confer-ence, er-^con i\zfero, to carry words to another. 
Confess-ion, edly, or, ary — confessus, confiteor, to own 


Conficient — con S^ facio, to do together. 

Coniidant-ide, ence, ly — con S^ fido, to trust together. 

Configure-ation — con ikfignrn, figure or shape. 

Confine-ment, es, qy— con &: finis j end or border^ 



Eleamosynary, eleos, compassion. 
El'egy, alegeia, a mournful song. 


Erencli, elegchos, an argument or sophism. 

Ellipsis, en, and leipOy to fail : deficiency of light. 

El'ogy, eu, well; and /o^o5, a word : praise. 

Em'basis, en, in ; and baino, to go. 

Em'blem, en, in ; and hallo, to throw in, or inlay. 

Em'brocate, en, in ; brecho, to moisten. 

Em'bryo, en, in ; bruo, to grow 

Embryotomy, emhruon, an embryo; and f^mwo, to cut^ 

Emetic, eineo, to vomit. 

Emmenagogues, emmenia, and ago, to provoke menses. 

Empasm, en, in ; passo, to sprinkle : a perfume. 

Em'phasis, en, in ; and phao, to speak : a great stress. 

Empiric, en, in ; and peira, an experiment. 

Emplagia, en, and p/a^Ao, to strike. 

Empl aster, ew, and plasso, to anoint : a plaister. 

Emporium, emporion, a market. 

Empy'real, en, and ^wr, fire : heavenly. 

Empyrosis, en, and pur, fire. 

En'amon, ew, in ; and aima, blood : good for stopping blood. 

Enallage, en, in ; alatto, to change : one mood put for 

Enantiosis, en, and anti, a kind of antithesis, or contrariety. 

Enchirid'ion, en, in ; and cheir, the hand : a manual, or 
for the pocket. 

Enclitic, en, in ; and klino, to recline or throw back their 

Encolap'tice, en, in; and kolapto, to engrave. 

Encomium, en, in ; and komazo, to celebrate in song. 

Ency'clycal, en, in; mid kuklos, a circle : circular. 

Encyclopse'dia, en, in; /mklos. ^ circle ^ diud paideia, edu- 
cated in all things. 


Endemial, en, in ; and demos, the people of the same 

En'ergy, en, in ; and ergon, work : power, force, or rigour. 
Engastrimythic, en, in ; gaster, a belly ; and muthos, a 

word : ventriloquist. 


En gy scope, eggus, near ; and skopeo, to view : microscope, 
Enig'ma, ainissotnai, to signify obscurely. 
Ennead, enneas, the number nine. 
Entera, entos, within : the entrails. 
Enterocele, enter on, the entrails ; and kele, a rupture. 
E nterom'phalos, ^nferow, and omphalos, the navel. 
Enthusiasm, enthusiazo, to be agitated with divine fury. 
Enthy'meme, enthumeomai, to conceive in mind : an idea. 
E'pact, ejoac/e, a supplement: excess of solar above lunar 

Epainetic, epainos, praise. [province. 

E'parch, epi, over; and archos, a chief : a governor of a 
Ephelis, epi, over ; clios, the sun : a freckle or spot on the 

Ephemera, epi, and cmera, a day. 
Ephialtes, epi, and allomai, to leap : the night-mare, 
Epliip'pium, epi, upon; and ippos, ahorse: a saddle or 

E'pic, epos, a word comprising narratives. 
Ep'icene, epi, upon ; and koinos, common to both sexes. 
Epicycle, epi, u^on ; and kukloSt a circle within another 

Epicyema, epi, upon; and kuema, a foetus: a superfcctation. 
Ep'igram, epi, and grapho, to write a short poem pointed 

with wit. 
Ep'ilepsy, epi, and knnhano, to take : loss of sense, falhng 

Ep'ilogue, epi, and logos, a speech at the end of a play. 


Epiph'any, epi, and pkaino, to appear : twelfth day after 

Epis'copacy, epi, and skopco, to overlook : a Bishop's see 
or diocese. 

Ep'isode, epi, upon ; eis, into ; and odos, away : an incidental 

Epispas'tic, epiy upon ; and spao, to draw : a blistering plaister. 

Epis'tle, epiy upon ; and siello, to send : a letter written 
to any one. 

Ep'istrophe, epi, and strophe, a return : many lines ending* 
with the same word^ 

Epitaph, epi, upon ; and taphos, a tomb : inscription on 
a tomb. 

Epithalamium, epi, upon; and thalamos, marriage bed. 

Ep'ithet, epi, and tithemi, to place : an adjective to a sub- 

Epitome, epi, and temno, to cut : an abstract, abridgement. 

Ep'ocha, epi, and echo, to hold : a certain point of time. 

Ep'ode, epi, and ode, a song : a kind of poetic measure. 

Epopee, epi, and poieo, to do, or make : an epic poem. 

Erotema, erotao, to interrogate 

Erysip'elas, eruo, to draw ; and pelas, adjoining on the 
face : St. Anthony's fire. 

Es'char, escharao, to scab over : a crust or scar. 

Ethics, ethos, manner ; morality, a system of duties. 

Eth'nic, etfifios, heathen : pagan, and unchristian. 

Etiology, aitio, a cause ; and logos, a word : the cause of 
any thing. 

Etymology, etumos, true; and /o^o5, a word : a true deri- 


Evangel ium, euaggelion, the gospel : or good news. 
Eucharist, euche, prayer ; and charis, charity : eucharis- 
tical thanksgiving. 


Eulogy, €)i, good ; and logos, a word : a good word or 

Eupepsy, eu, and pepto, to concoct: a good digestion. 
Euphony, eu, well ; and phoneo, to sound ; a clear voice. 
Eupnoea, <?te, and pneo, to breathe with ease. 
Euroclydon, eurus, the east wind ; and kludon, a wave : 

Eufus, eu, well ; and reo, to flow: the east wind. 
Eurvthmy, eu, well; and ritlunos, a number: a regular 

Eusar'chos, eu, and sarx, flesh : a due proportion of flesh. 
Eusebia, eu, and sebo, to worship : godUness, piety. 


Eusplan'chos, eu, and splagchna, the bowels in a good state. 

Eustace, eu, well ; and istemi, to stand : the name of a man. 

Eustyle, eu, well ; and slulos, a pillar : 2| diameters 

Eutaxia, eu, well ; and taxia, order : proper order. 

Euthanasia, eu, well ; and thanatos, death : an easy death. 

Eutonos, eu, well; and tonos, a tone: in good health, 

Eiithymy, eu, well ; and thumos, the mind : quietness, 

Exhae'risis, ex, out of; and aireo, to take away. 

Ex 'arch, ex, and arcJios, a great officer in the east. 

Exarthrema, ex, out of; and arthron, a joint: dislocation. 

Exeget'ical, eo?, outof; dinAe^ eomai, to think : explaining. 

Exer'guni, ex, from ; and ergon, the work : where the 
motto is written. 

Exis'chius, ex, out of; and ischion, the thigh bone dislo- 

Ex'odus, ex, out of; and oc/o^, the way: going out of 

Exom'phalos, ex, out of; and omphalos, the navel ruptured. 

Exorcise, ex, out of; and orklzo, to adjure : to drive away 


Exos'tosis, ex, out of ; and osteon, a bone that swells out. 
Exoplilharmia, ex, out of; and ophthalmos, the eye swelled. 
Exot'ic, exo, iikos, abroad or foreign. 


Fame, phao, to say : reputation, renown, report, rumour, 
Fanlasy, phantasia, an appearance : fancy, humour. 
Fran'tick, phrene, the mind : outrageous, mad, frenetick. 
Frenzy, phrene lis, madness: distraction of mind. 
Fy, pheu, shame on it: out upon it, &c. 


Galactophagist, gala, milk ; and phago, to eat : milksop. 
Galactophorous, gala, and phero, to carry milk. 
Galactopletic, gala, and jdIco, full of milk. [way. 

Galaxy, gala, milk : a stream of light in the sky, milky 
Gam'ma, the third letter in greek : the scale of music. 
Gam'phela3, gamphos, crooked : the jaw bone. 
Gan'grene, gaino, to feed upon : mortification at first. 
Gar gle, gargarcon, the throat : to wash with a gargarism. 
Gastriloquus, gaster, the belly; and loquor, (Latin) to 

speak from. 
Gastrolater, gaster, the belly; and latreuo, to worship: a 

Gas'tromyth, gaster, and muthos, speech : speech out of 

the belly. 
Gastroraphy, gaster, and raphe, a suture of the belly. 
Gastrotomy, gaster, and temno, to cut open the belly. 
GeneaVogy, genea, generation; and logos, description: a 



Gen'earch, genea, and archos, chief of a tribe, 
Gen'esis, genea, a generation : the first book of Moses. 
Genethlialogy, genet hie ^ a generation; and logos, a descrip- 
Geodse'sia, ge, the earth ; and daio, to divide : to measure 

the earth. 
Geog'raphy, ge, the earth ; and grapho, to describe the 

Geom'etry, ge, the earth ; and metreo, to measure the earth. 
Geop'onic, ge, and ponos, labour in agriculture. 
Geor'gic, ge, and ergon, culture of land : husbandry. 
Geotic, ge, the earth : terrestrial. [an hospital. 

Gerontocomium, geron, an old man ; and komio, to cure : 
Gigan'tic, gigas, a giant. 

Gigantomachy, gigos, and mstchomai, to fight with giants. 
Gloss, glossa, a tongue : a comment, a lustre, 
Glossog'raphy, glossa, a tongue ; and graphe, description : 

Glot'tis, glotta, the tongue : the opening of the larynx. 
Glyph'ice, glupho, to engrave on wood or metal. 
Gnoma, ginosko, to know : a proverb or adage. 
Gnomon, an index : the pin of a dial to show time. 
Gnosimachi, g7iosis, knowledge ; and macliomai, to oppose. 
Gnos'tics, ginosko, to know : great pretenders to knowledge. 
Gomphosis, gomphoo, to drive in a nail : a tooth in its 

Gon'agra, gonu, knee; and agra, a capture : gout in the 

Gonarrhoe'a, gone, semen ; and rheo, to flow : a morbid 

Grabat, grahatos, a bed : a little bed with curtains, 
Gram'nia, a letter : any in the alphabet. 
Gram'mic, gramme, a line : demonstrated by lines. 
Graph'ic, grapho, to write well, or delineate. 

D 3 


Graph'ium, grapho, to write : the ancient style, or iron pen. 
Graph'ometer, grapho, and metreo, to measure heights and 

Griffin, grups, a fabulous animal : from a lion and eagle. 
Gymnasiarcha, gumnasia, and arc//e, chief master of schools. 
Gymnas'lic, gumnos, naked : wrestling exercises. 
Gymnopoiyspermous, gumnos, naked ; polu, many ; and 

sperma, seed. 
Gynse'cium, gune, a woman's apartment or toilette. 
Gynaecocracy, gune, a woman ; and kratos, power of females. 
Gynan'dria, gune, mid andros, a man : hermaphrodite plants, 
Gyromancy, gyro, (Latin) to turn round ; and manteia, 

magic circle. 


Hades, the invisible world : the state of the dead. 
Hae'malops, aima, blood ; and ops, an eye : inflammation 

of the eyes. 
Hsemaph'obus, aima, blood; and phohos, fear: fearing 

blood letting. 
Heematocele, aima, blood ; and kele, a swelling : full of 

Hsematachysis, aima, and chiio, to flow; a preternatural 

Haemodia, aima, blood; and odous, a tooth set on edge. 
Hsemop'tica, aima, and ptuo, to spit blood : medicines 

for it. 
Hemostatics, aima, and statikos, causing the stopping of 

Hag'iographa, agios, holy ; and grapho, to write : canon- 
ical books of scripture. 
.Halieutics, als, the sea : a treatise on fish and fishing. 


Halog'raphy, als, tli€ sea ; and grapho, to write : a de- 
scription of the sea. 
Halo, alon, an area : a ring round tlie sun, moon, or stars. 
Hamad'ryad, ajna, among ; and drus, oaks : a nymph of 

Harmon'ic, armonikos, aro, to fit : concordant. 
Harpy, arpazo, to snatch away: birds with women's faces. 
Heb'domad, ehdomos, seven : a week or seven days. 
Hebe, ehe, youth : the goddess of youth. 
Hec'atomb, ekaton, a hundred; and bous, an ox : a sacri- 
fice of a hundred oxen. 
Hecaton'tophyllum, ekaton, a hundred; and phullon, a 

leaf : a hundred leaves. 
Hedon, edone, pleasure ; edus, sweet, 
Hediiphonia, edus, sweet ; and phone, a voice. 
Hel'cos, an ulcer ; helcoma, and helcosis, the same. [sun. 
Heliac, elios, the sun ; haliaca, sacrifices in honour of the 
Heliog'raphy, elios, the sun; and graphe, description of 

the sun. 
Helioscope, elios, and skopeo, to view the sun with smoked 

Helios'trophon, elios, and strepho, to turn to the sun: 

Helix, a spiral line or figure. 
Hellenism, Ellen, a Grecian : to hellenize. 
Hell'espont, Ellen, a Grecian; and pontus, the sea, 
. Helminthic, ehninthos, a worm. 

Helodes, elodes, moist : a fever with colliquated sweats. ' 
Helosis, an inversion of the eyelids. 

Uemer'abaptists, emera, a day ; and bapto, to baptize daily. 
Hemeradromi, emera, and dromos, a course : daily guards. 
Hemeralopia, emera, daily ; and ops, sight : by day only. 
Hemerabious, emera, and bios, life : a day long. 
Hemeraloninm, emera, and logos, a word : a diary. 


Hemerokoitos, emeray day ; and koite, a bed : a day sleeper. 
HeiTii, emhii, the half: used in composition. 
Hemi, half; and cranium, the scnll : a pain in half the head. 
Hemis'tic, emisu, half; 3.nd stikos, averse: half a line. 
Hem'iplegia, eniisu, daiA plesso, to strike : one half of the 

Hemorrhage, aima, blood ; and regnumi, to burst : a flux. 
Hemorrhoides, aima, and reo, to flow : the piles or emerods. 
Hendec'ai-cn, endekn, eleven ; and gonial a corner. 
Hendecas^riabum, endeka, and sullabe, a verse of eleven 

Hendiadis, when a substantive is used for an adjective, as 

dog kind. 
Henojrhyrium, enos, one; and phullon, a leaf: only one 

Hep'tachord, epfa, seven ; and chorde, a string : seven 

Hep'tagon, epta, and gonia, a corner : seven equal sides 

and angles. 
Heptan'dria, ep(a, and andria^ virility : with seven stamina. 
'Heptaphon\ , epfa, seven ; and phone, a voice : seven sounds. 
Heptaphullum, epfa, seven; phullon, a leaf: seven leaves. 
Hep'tarchy, hepta, seven; and arc/te, a chief : seven^fold 

Heptateuch, hepta, and teuchos, a book : seven books, fi\e 

Moses, and two Joshua and Judges. 
Heresiarch, airesis, heresy; and archos, chief: arch heretic. 
Her'esy, aireo, to chuse or take up an opinion. 
Heretic, one who chuses his religion, [he and she. 

Hermaphrodite, ermes, mercury; and aphrodite, Venus : 
Her'mes, ermeneuo, to interpret : Mercury god of eloquence. 
Her'nia, ernos, a branch that protrudes : a rupture. 
Hero, cros, a great warrior : a demigod. 
Her'pes, erpo, to creep : a kind of shingles. 


HesycKas'tes, esuchazo, to be quiet. 

Hetser'archa, efairos, a friend; and arche, government. 

Heteroclite, eteros, another ; and klino, to decline or vary. 

Heterocrany, eteros, and kr anion, the head : pain in one 

Heterodox, eteros, and doxa, an opinion : not of common 

Heterogeneal, eteros, and genus, a kind : dissimilar in 

Heteros'cii, eteros, and skia, shadow : people with diiFerent 

Heterousians, eteros, and ousia, substance of Father and 
Son different. 

ilex adron, ex, six ; and edra, a side : a cube with six 

Hexaemeron, ex, and emera, a day : the six days of crea- 

Hex'agon, ex, and agonia, a corner : six equal sides and 

Hexam'eter, ex, and meiron, a line of six feet in poetry. 

Hexan'dria, ex, and andria, virility: six stamina. 

Hexan'gular, ex, and angulus, a corner : having six corners. 

Hexapetulous, ex, and pe talon, a leaf; with six flower- 

Hexaph'uUous, ex, ^md phullon, a leaf : six leaves. 

Hex'apod, ex, and povs, a foot ; with six feet. 

Hexap'toton, ex, and ptosis, a case : with six cases. 

Hexas'tic, ex, and stikos, a line : a stanza of six lines. 

Hex'astyle, ex, and stulos, a pillar : with six columns in 

Hex'is, a habit of body : a constitution. 

Hierarch, zeros, holy ; and arche, a government : the diief. 

Hierap'olis, ieros, holy ; and poHs, a city : the name of a 
city of Syria. 


Hieroglyph, ieros, and glupho, to engrave : an emblem or 

Hierogram, ieroSy and gramma, a letter : sacred writings. 
Hierography, ieros, and grapJio, to write : sacred books in 

Hierom'nemon, ieros, sacred ; and mnao, to bring to re- 
Hierophylax, zeros, and phulasso, to keep the vestry, &c. 
Hieros'copy, ieros, and skopeo, to view or divine : hiero- 

Hip'pocrene, ippos, a horse ; and krene, a fountain : 

Hip'podrome, ippos, a horse ; and dromos, a horse course. 
Hip'pogriff, ippos, a horse ; and grnps, a griffin : a winged 

Hipp(Smachy, ippos, and mache, a fight on horseback. 
Hippomanes, ippos, Sind mania, madness: poison. [Nile. 
Hippopotamus, ippos, and potamos, a river horse in the 
Hip'pus, ippos, a horse : hip, hip, hip ! [vigation. 

Histiadromos, isiion, a sail ; and dromos, a course : na- 
Historiog'raphy, isioria, history ; and grap/io, to write 

His'tory, istoria, a relation of facts and events. 
Holocaust, olos, the whole ; and kaio, to burn : a burnt 

Horograph, olos, the whole ; and gropho, to write : one's 

self the writer. 
Hom'ily, (.mileo, to associate or congregate. [in words. 
Homai'ology, omoios, like; and /o^o.9, words : a sameness 
Homogeneal, omoios, and genos, kind : the same nature. 
Homoiop'taton, omoios, and pipto, to fall or end in like 

Homorogous, omos, like ; and logos, a word ; the same 



Horizon, orizo, to limit : the line that limits the view. 
Horodix, ora, an hour; imd deiknuini, to shew: as dial, 

clock, &c. 
Horography, ora, and grapko, to describe the hoar : dial- 
Hor ologe, horologium, ora, and lego, to tell the hour. 
Horom'eter, ora, and metron, the art of measuring time bj 

the hour. 
Hor'oscope, ora, and skopeo, to view the planets at a man's 

Hy'ades, uo, to rain : the stars in the bull's head produce 

II y 'aline, ualos, glass. 
Ily'brida, ubris, an animal when sire and dam are two 

different species. 
Hy'deros, udor, water : the hydrops or dropsy. 
Hy'dra, udor, water : a water serpent of many heads, 

slain by Hercules. 
Hy'dragogy, udor, and ago, to lead or convey water away. 
Hydrargyrum, udor, and argur ion, silver: quicksilver. 
Hydraulics, udor, water; and aulos, a pipe to convey 

Hydraiilopneumatic, udor, aulos, a pipe; and pneuma, 

the wind. 
Hydraulics, udor, and aulos, a pipe : an organ played by 

Hydrocele, udor, water ; and kele, a tumour : a watery 

Hydocephalus, udor, and kephale, the head: a dropsy 

in the head. 
Hy'drogen, udor, water ; and gennao, to produce, for with 

oxigen it produces water. 
Hydrography, udor, and grapho, to describe waters or seas 

by maps. 


Hydromancy, udor, dind manteia, a divination by means of 

Hy'dromel^ udor, and jneli, honey : mead^ niade of water 
and honey. 

Hydrom'eter, udor, and metron, a measuring of water. 

Hydrom'phalus, udor, and omphalos, a tumour of the navel. 

Hydronosus, udor, and nosos, a distemper: sweating sick- 

Hy'dropege, udor, and /?e^e, a fountain : spring water. 

Hydrophobia, udor, and phoheo, to fear water : bite of a 
mad dog. 

Hydroph'thahnion, udor, and ophtJialmos, the eye swells 
in dropsy. 

Hydropeta, udor, and pao, to drink nothing but water. 

11 y 'drops, the dropsy; udor, and ops, the appearance of 

Hydros'cope, udor, and ^A'ojoeo, to view : a water clock. 

Hydrostatic, udor, and statike, weighing water or fluids, 

Hygiea, health* 

Hygraulic, ugros, moist; and «w/o5. a pipe to carry water. 

Hygrometer, ugros, moist; and meireo, to measure: 
moisture in the air. 

Hy'le, ule, matter : the original chaos. 

Hymn, umnos, a song of praise : a divine song. 

Hymnographer, umnos, a hymn ; and grapho, to write 

Hy'ades, upsilon, nnd eidos, a shape of the letter upsilon. 

HypaFlage, upo, under; and ullage, an exchanging cases 
or words. 

Hyper'baton, uper, over ; and haino, to pass over : a con- 
fused method through passion. 

Hyper'bole, uper, and hallo, to throw beyond the truth. 

Hyperboreon, uper, and boreas, the north wind : northern. 

Hypercatalec'tic, uper, £iud katalego, to number too many. 


Hypercathar'tic, tiper, over; and kathairo, to purge too 

Hypercrisis, uper, and crisis, a turn too sudden in a disease. 

Hypercritic, uper, above; and krino, to judge: too cen- 

Hyperdis'syllable, uper, above; dis, two; and sullabon, 
above two syllables. 

Hy perdou'lia, nper, above ; and doulia, worship ; between 
dulia and I atria to Virgin Mary. 

Hyper'meter, uper, and metron, measure : above measure. 

Ily'phen, huphaino, to weave or join together; as, sup-per. 

Hypnotic, upnos, sleep : producing drowsiness. 

Hypobole, upo, under; and ballo, to throw: to answer 
before an objection. 

Hy'pocaust, Wj90, under; and A;afo, to burn : a stove or hot- 

Hypocon'dres^ upo, under; chondros, a cartilage: the 

Hypochon'driac, upo, under ; and chondros, producing 

Hypochyma, upo, and chuma, an effusion showing threads 
and straws to the sight. 

Hypocophosis, upo, and kophoSj a little deaf. 

Hypocrisy, upo, and krino, to judge or dissemble. 

Hypog'aster, upo, and gaster, the lower part of the belly. 

HypogWsis, upo, and ^/o^^a, the tongue:: a tumour under it.. 

Hy'pogram, upo, and grapho, to write under, or subscribe. 

Hypophthal'mia, upo, under ; and ophthalmos, the horn 
of the eye. 

Hyposarca, upo, and sarx, i\\e flesh : a kind of dropsy. 

Hypos'tasis, upo, and stasis, a standing : a distinct sub- 

Hypotl/enuse, upo, and ^e?wo> to stretch out : longest side 
of a triangle. 



Hypoth'esis, upo, and thesis, a position : a supposition. 
Hypotyposis, upo, and tupos, a type : a lively description. 
Hypozeug'ma, upo, and zeugma, a joining of subjects to 

Hysteric, us f era, the womb: troubled with fits. 
Hysterocele, ustera, the uterus ; and kele, rupture of the 

Hysteron'proteron, isteron, the last; dJii\ protei^on, the first. 
Hysterotomia, ustera, the uterus ; and temno, to cut : 

Csesarean operation. 

Ichno'graphy, ichnos, a mark ; and grapho, to write : a 

I'chor, a thin watery humour. 

Ichthyography, ichthus, a fish ; and grapho, to describe. 
Fcon, eikon, an image. 

Icon'olast, eikon, and klao, a breaker of images. 
Iconongraphia, eikon, and grapho, to describe images. 
Icon'lator, eikon, and latreuo, to w^orship images. 
Icterus, ikteros, the jaundice. 

Idea, ei !o, to see : the image of any thing in the mind. 
Id'iom, iiios, peculiar : phraseokgy of a country. 
Id'iot, idiotes, a fool ; from idios^ peculiar to himself. 
I'dol, eidolon, an image, worshipped as a god. 
Idol'ater, eidolon, and latreuo, to worship an idol. 
H'eura, eilos, an involution : the third of the small winding 

Illog'ical, in, not; and logos, reason: unreasonable. 
Impos'thume, apostema, an aposteme : abcess or swelling, 
lot, iota, a point : a tittle, the smallest part. 


I'rony, eiroiiia, dissimulation in speaking ; eiro, to say. 
Iscuria, ischoy to stop ; and ouron, urine : a suppression. 
Isos'celes, isos, equal ; and skelos, a leg : two sides equal. 


Kaleidoscope, kalos, beautiful ; eidos, forms, shapes, or 

ideas ; and scopeo, to examine or behold. 
Kenodoxy, kenos, vain ; and doxa, glory : vain glory. 
Kis'tus, kustisy a bag : a cyst, the cytis or bag of pus. 
Kanopy, kanipto, to bend over the head : canopy. 

1-ab'yrinth, laburinthos, a winding place, much perplexed. 
Laic, laos, the people : laymen or laity. 
Lamp, lampas, a torch ; lampn, to shine. 
Larynx, larugux, the windpipe, throat, or trachea, 
laryncotomia, larugux, and temno, to cut the windpipe. 
Latria, la, very much ; and treo, to tremble : highest wor- 
Lep'rosy, lepros, scaly. [siness. 

Lethargy, lethe, forgelfulness ; and argos, slow: a drow- 
Lexiography, lexicon, a dictionary ; and grapho, to write. 
Licorice, glukurriza, a sweet taste. 

Lientery, leion, smooth ; and enter on, an intestine : diarrhea. 
Lim'ology, limos, hunger; mid lego, to treat of famine. 
Link, lucJinos, a light or torch. 
Lit'aiiy, litaneuo, to supplicate, or say prayers. 
Lithogly phic, lithos, a stone ; and glupho, to engrave. 


Tiitii'ology, lilhos, and lego, to treat on stones. 

Lithon'tribon, lithos, and tribo, to dissolve or break the stone. 

Lithos'permon, liihos, and sperma, seed : stone-crop. 

Litbotomist, lithos, and temno, to cut stones. 

Litlios'trata, lithos, and sfronnumi, to pave mosaically. 

Lit'urgy, litomai, to pray ; and ergon, a work of prayer. 

Lobe, lobos, apart, a division of tbe lungs ; lebo, to take. 

I ocbia, lochos, evacuations in parturition. 

Log'aritbins, logos, a ratio ; and arifhmos, a number. 

Log'ic, logos, reason : the art of reasoning, 

Logom'achy, logos, and mache, a fight, or strife of words. 

Loimography, loimos, the plague ; and graphe, a descrip- 

Lych'mobite, luchios, a candle ; and bios, life : sleep by 

Ly'sis, luo, solvo, to grow weaker. 

Lys'sa, lussa, madness of a dog. 


Machine, mechanao, to invent. 
Macrocepalus, maki^os, long ; and kephale, head. 
Macrocosm, makros, large ; and kosmos, the world. 
M aerology, makros, and logos, a long discourse. 
Macronosia, makros, and nosos, a long disease. 
Magophonia, magos, wise ; and phonos, murder of the Magi. 
Malacia, malakia, the green sickness. 
Malacost'omous, malakos, soft ; and stoma, leather- mouthed. 
Mandragora, mandra, a cave : mandrake, near caves. 
Mania, ynainomai, to rage : furious madness. 
Maras'made, maraino, to grow lean : a hectic fever. 
Maras'mus, to waste away : consumption. 


Mar'tyr, martur, a witness: Steplien the first martyv. 
Martyrology, martur, and logos, a register of martyrs. 
Match, machcy a fight, or contention. 
Mathema,^ manthano, to learn : mathematics. 
Mechanic, mec/iane, art : belonging to an artificer. 
Mechonology, mekon, a poppy ; and logos, a description 

of opiates. 
Megacosm, megas, great ; and kosmos, the world. 
Megalophonous, megas, and phone, a great voice. 
Megrim, emikrania, a disorder in the head : vertigo, [per. 
Mel'ancholy, melas, black ; and chole, bile : a gloomy tem- 
Mellit'urgy, meli, honey ; and ergon, work of bees. 
Mel'ody, meli, sweet ; and ode, a song : harmony in music. 
Menagogue, menes, the catamenia, or menses ; and ago, to 

Mentagra, mentum, (Latin) chin; 2Lnd agra, a seizure: a 

tetter, or ringworm. 
Mes'entery, inesos, the middle ; and enteron, the bowels. 
Mesopotamia, mesos, the middle ; and potamos, a river 

between Euphrates and Tigris. 
Mesozeug'ma, mesos, middle ; and zeugma, a joinhig by the 

word and, in the middle. 
Metachronism, meta, between ; and chronos, an error in time. 
Metalep'fcic, meta, and lambano, to take : transverse direc- 
Metallography, meiallum, metal; ^nd grapho, to describe, 
MetaU'urgy, meiallum, and ergon, work in metals. 
Metamor'phosis, meta, against ; and morphe, a form : a 

Met'aphor, meta, again ; and phoreo, to carry : a simile. 
Metaphrasis, meta, against; and p fir asis, verbal translation. 
Metaphy'sic, tneta, and phusis, against nature. [order. 
Met'aplasm, meta, against ; and plasso, to place in wrong 
Metaptcsis, meta, and ptosis, a failing into another disease. 

E 3 


Metas'tasis, meta, and stasis, the removal from one part to 

Metathesis, meta, and thesis, a position : a transposition. 

Metemp'sychosis, met a, and em, in ; and psuche, the soul : 

Meteor, meta, beyond ; and aeiro, to lift up into the air. 

Meteorol'ogy, meteora, and logos, a description of meteors. 

Meteoroscope, meteora, and skopeo, to view meteors. 

Meth od, meta, with ; and odos, a way : order,, arrange- 

Meton'ymy, meta, and onema, a name : cause put for effect. 

Metoposcopy, metopos, the face ; and skeptomai, to look at. 

Metre, metron, a measure : numbers or verse. [London. 

Metrop olis, meter, a mother ; and polis, a city : chief, as 

Miasma, miaino, to infect ; a contagion from morbid atoms. 

Microcosm, mikro,^, little ; and kosmos, world : man so called. 

Microscope, mikros, little; and skopeo, to view small 

Mill, mule, an engine foi; grinding corn. 

Mim'ic, mimos, an imitator : a buffoon. 

Mineralogy, (Latin) minerale, a mineral; and lego, to 

Mis'anthrope, miseo, to hate ; and anthropos, man: man- 

Misog'amist, miseo, to hate ; and gamos, marriage. 

Misog'ymist, miseo, to hate ; and gune, a woman. 

Misoponis, miseo, and ponos, labour : a hater of labour. 

Mnemonic, mnaomai, to remember : memory. 

Moil, molos, labour : toil. [ina, 

Monodel'phia, monos, only ; and adelphos, a brother : stam- 

Monan'dria, monos, one ; and andria, virility : one stamina 

Monan'thus, monos, and anthos, only one flower. 

Mon'arch, monos, and arche, chief: one ruler. 


Monas'tie, monos, alone. / 
Monk, monos, one, or alone. 
Monocar'pus, monos, and karpos, one fruit only. 
Monoceros, monos, and keros, only one horn. 
Mon'ochord, monos, and chorde, only one string. 
Monochroma, monos, and chroma, all one colour. 
Monoc'ular, monos, and occulus, (Latin) only one eye. 
Mon'ody, monos, and oc/e, a song by one person only. 
Monog'amist, monos, once ; and gamos, married only. 
Mon'ogram, monos, and gramma, a cypher or character. 
Monogyn'ia, tnonos, and gune, a female : one pistil only. 
Monol'ogist, monos, and lego, to speak alone, 
Mon'ologue^ monos, and /e^o, a soliloquy. 
Monomachy, monos, and mache, a duel, or single combat. 
Monopetalous, monos, and petalon, a single flower-leaf. 
Monoph'yllon, monos, and pkullon, a plant with one leaf. 
Monop'oly, monos, and poleo, to sell by privilege only. 
Mon'optic, monos, and ojt)5, seeing with one eye only. 
Monorythme, monos, and ruthos, all lines ending with one 

Mon'ostich, monos, and stikos, only one verse. 
Monosyllable, mono^, and sullahle, only one syllable. 
Monotheists, monos, and ^/ieo5, one God only : Unitarians, 
Monot/omy, monos, and tonos, one tone only. 
Moon, mene, a month. 
Moria, morios, foolish : goddess of folly. 
Morology, moros, foolish ; and logos, discourse or talking. 
Music, musa, a muse or song. 
Myle, mule, a mill ; and molo, to grind. 
Mys'tery, musterion, a mystery. 
Mythology, muthos, a fable ; and legos, a discourse. 
Mys'tic, mustikos, mysterious : obscure. 
My'riad, murias, ten thousand. 
My'ops, muo, to wink; and ops, an eye: near sighted. 



Nar'nia, a mournful song. 

Naiads, nao, to iiow or swim : nymphs of rivers. 

Napaese, nnpos, a grove : nymphs of groves and mountains. 

Narcos'is, nnrkoo, to stupify : stupefaction. 

Nard, narkos, spikenard : an odoriferous plant. 

Naumachia, 7iaus, a ship ; smd mache, a fight at sea. 

Necromancy, nekros, dead ; and manteia, magic : conjura- 

Necrosis, nekroo, to kill : a mortification. 

Nec'tar, the supposed drink of the gods. 

Neogamist, 7ieos, new ; and gamos, married lately. 

Neomenia, neosy and mene, the new moon. 

Neophyte, neos, and phuo, to grow a convert. 

Nepen'the, ne, not ; and penlhos, pain : anodyne. 

Neph'ritic, nephros, a rein : stone in the rein or kidneys. 

Nephrotomy, nephros, a kidney; and temno, to cut for 

Neurotomy, neuron, a nerve ; and temno, to cut nerves. 

Nomog'raphy, nomos, a law ; and grapho, to describe. 

Nomotheist, nomos, and tithemi, to make laws. 

Nosocomium, nosos, a disease; and komeo, to cure. 

Nosol'ogy, nosos, and logos, a description of diseases. 

Nosopoetic, nosos, and poieo, to cause diseases. 

Nyctalopia, 7iux, night; alopos, blind; a dimness of 
sight in the night. 

Nymph, numphe, a bride. 

Nvmphot'omy, numphe, the nympha ; and temno, to cut. 



Ob olus, obolosy half a penny. 

Ochlocracy, ochlos, a multitude ; and kratos, to have power* 

Oc'tag^on, okta^ eight ; and edra, a base : eight equal sides. 

Octan'dria, okto, and anevj a male : plants with eight sta- 

Oc'tapla, okto, and plains, with eight columns : a polyglot; 

Octoteuch, okto, and teuchos, the eight first books of the 
Old Testament. 

Octopetalous, okto, and pe/a /on, having eight flower-leaves. 

Oc'tostic, okto, and stikos, a verse of eight lines. 

Oc'tostyle, okto, and stulos, a pillar: eight in front. 

Ode, ode, a song : a poem to be sung. 

Odontal'gia, odous, a tooth ; and algia, pain : tooth-ache. 

Od'ysse, odos, a way, or voyage. 

(Econ'omy, oikos, a house ; and nemo, to manage. 

CEcumenical, oikoumene, universal world. 

(Edema, oidco, to swell in the dropsy. 

(Enopolist, oinoriy wine ; and poleo, to sell : a vintner. 

Qilsophagus, phero, oiso, to carry ; and phago, to eat : 
the gullet. 

Oionism, oionos, a bird : to divine by flight of birds. 

Origarchy, oligos, few; and archc, the dominion of a few. 

Olym piad, the space of four years at Olympia. 

Omagra, omos, the shoulder ; and agra, the gout. 

Omega, the last letter in the greek alphabet. 

Omology, ornnos, like; and /o^os, proportionable. 

Oneirocritic, oneiros, a dream ; and kritikos, interpreter. 


Onkotomy, ogkos, a tumour ; and temno, to lay open. 
Onomat'opseia, onoma, name ; and poieo, to make. 
Ontology, on, a being; and logos, discourse on metaphysics. 


O'nyx, 071UX, the nail of the finger, or hoof of a beast. 
Ophiasis^ ophis, a serpent changing its skin. 
Ophiaph'agous, ophis, and phago, to eat serpents. 
Ophiomor'phites, ophis, and morphe, stones like serpents. 
Gphtharmia, ophthalmos , the eye enflamed. 
Ophthalraody'nia, ophthalmos, and odune, pain in the eyes. 
O'pium, opion, the juice of poppies : to promote sleep. 
Opsimathy, opse, late ; and manthano, to learn when old. 
Op'tic, ops, an eye : belonging to the sight. 
Orchesography, orchesis, a dance ; and grapho, to write. 
Or'chestra, orchester, a place in a theatre where they for- 
merly danced, but now occupied by the musicians. 
Orchotomy, orchis, the testicle; and lemno, to cut away. 
Or'exis, oregomai, to desire food. 
Or'gan, crganon, an instrument of music. 
Or'gasm, orgasmos, violent exerlion. 
Or'gia, orge, impelus, the drunken rites of Bacchus. 
Orniscopics, ornis, a bird ; and skopeo, to view their flight. 
Ornithology, ornis, and logos, a treatise on birds. 
Ornithotrophy, ornis, and trepho, to feed birds. 
Or'phan, orphanos, destitute of father and mother. 
Ory'sa, oruza, rice. 

Orthodox, orthos, right ; and dokeo, to think rightly. 
Orthodromy, orlhos, and dromos, a right course in sailing. 
Or'thogon, orthos, smd gonia, a rectangular figure. 
OrthogVaphy, or/Ao*, right ; and grcipho, to describe. 
Orlhop'noea, orthos, erect; and pneo, to breathe. 
Oscheocele, oscheon, the scrotum ; and kele, a tumour. 
OsteoKogis, osteon, a bone ; and logos, a discourse on bones. 
Os'tracism, ostrukon, a fish's shell : punishment. 
Otacoustics, ota, ears ; and akouo, to hear : good for. 
Otal'gia, Ota, ears; and algos, pain in the ears. 
Ouranography, ouranos, heaven ; and grapho, to describe. 
Ourorogy, ouron, urine ; and lego, to describe it. 


Oxy 'crate, oxus, sharp ; and kerao, to mix- 
Oxydation, oxus, metals, and oxygen, make oxyds. 
Oxydercia, oxus, and derko, to see : good for the sight. 
Oxygala, oxus, sharp ; and gala, milk : sour milk. 
Oxy'gen, oxus, and ginomai, to generate : vital air. 
Ox'ygon, oxus, sharp ; and gonia, a corner. 
Ox'ymel, oxus, and mel, honey and vinegar. 
Oxynos'eraa, oxus, and nosema, a sharp disease. 
Oxy6pia, oxus, and opsis, vision: to see clearly. 
Ozsfc'na, oze, an offensive smell in the nostriU. 

Pae'an, paian, a song of triumph to Appollo. 
Psedabap'tism, pais, an infant; and hapiizo, to baptize. 
Pales'trical, palaistrikos, belonging to wrestling. 
Palilogia, palin, again ; and lego, to repeat the same word. 
Palindrome, palin, and dromeo, to turn again, as eye, both 

Pal'inode, palin, and ode, a song : a recantation. 
Palladium, the statute of Pallas : a safeguard. 
Pal'sy, para, with ; and luo, to dissolve : a relaxation. 
Pamphar'macon, pan, all ; and pharmakon, a remedy for 

Panacea, pan, all; and a to, a cure: an universal remedy. 
Panaretus, pan, and arete, virtue : all virtuous. 
Pancratical, pan, and kratos, power : excelling all others. 
Pan'creas, pan, and kreas, flesh : the sweetbread. 
Pandaemonium, pan, ^nd daimonion, the hall of demons. 
Pan'dect, pan, and dechomai, to receive : a digest of laws. 
Pandemic, pan, ^nd demos, a people : vernacular. 
Panegyr'ik, pan, and agureo, to collect : an encomium. 


Pan'oply, pan, and opla, aftnour complete. 
Panserene, pan, ojid selene, the full modti. 
Pansophia, pan, and sophia, all wisdom. [divinity. 

Pantheologia, pan, and theos, god ; and logo:^', a body of 
Pantheon, pan, and theos, god : all the gods kept at Rome. 
Pan'ther, pan, all ; and ther, wild : pard or lynx. 
Pan'tomime, pan, and mimos, to mimic all others. 
Panur'gia, pan, and ergon, work or skill : subtilty. [simile. 
Par'able, para, through ; and hallo, to cast : a continued 
Paracen'thesis, parakenteo, to pierce the chest: to let out. 
Parachronism, para, beside ; and chronos, time misreckoned. 
Paraclete, para, and kaleo, to call : the Holy Spirit. 
Parach'me, para, beyond ; and ackme, vigour : old age. 
Paradigm, para, and deiknumai, to show or illustrate^ 
Par'adise, paradeisos, a garden. 
Par'adox, para, and doxa, an odd opinion. 
Paradrome, para, and dromos, an open passage. 
Paragorics, parago, to mitigate pain. 

Paragraph, para, through; and grapho, to write : a section. 
Par'allax, paralatto, to change : between true and apparent. 
Parallel, para^ by the side ; and alios, of others. 
Paralogy, para, against ; and logos, reason : sophistry. 
Paral'ysis, para, through ; and luo, to dissolve : palsy. 
Paramount', para, above; dnid mons, amount: superior,. 

Parapher'nia, para, beside ; and pherne, a dower. 
Par'aphrase, para, arid phrasis, a speech : free and diffuse. 
Par'asite, para, and sitos, corn or meat got by flattery. 
Parathesis, para, and tithemi, to put in the same case. 
Paren'thesis, para, en, and tithemi, to put in, thus ( ). 
Parhelion, para, and e/^05, the sun : a mock sun. 
Parish, para, near; and oikco, to dwell : a town and a church. 
Parasyl'lable, para,^nd sullctble, a syllable of equaJ num- 


Par'od)^ para, and ode, a song by way of burlesque. 

Par'ody, para, and odos, a way : an adage or saying. 

Paronymous, para, and onoma, a name : a like name. 

Par'oxism, para, and oxuno, to sharpen : a fit. 

Path'ology, pathos, passion ; and logos, a treatise^ 

Patriarch, pater, a father ; and archos, chief of. 

Patriot, patriotes, a lover of his country. 

Patrony'mic, pater, a father ; and onoma, a father's name. 

Pause, />awo, to cease or rest. 

Pechiagra, pechus, the elbow ; and agra, gout in. 

Ped'agogue, pais, a boy ; and ago, to guide or instruct. 

Pedobap'tist, pais, an infant ; and baptizo, to baptize. 

Pedometer, pous, a foot ; and metrco, to measure roads. 

Pentacap'sular, pente, five ; and capsula, five seed vessels; 

Pen'tachord, pente, and chorde, with five strings. 

Pentag'amist, pente, and gamos, married five times. 

Pen'tagon, pente, ^n& gonia, of five corners. 

Pen'tagraph, pente, and grapho, to write : an instrument. 

Pentagy'nia, pew/e, Sindgune, a female : plants with ^ye 

Pentan'dria, pente, five; and andros, a man: five stamina. 

Pentapetulous, ;?e/j/e, 2ii\d pe talon, a leaf: five petals. 

Pentaphul'lum, pente, and phullum, a leaf : cinque foil. 

Pen'tateuch, />cwt'e, five; '^iwd teuchos, a book : Moses' five 

Pen'tecost, pefitecoste, fifty days after the passover. 

Pericar'dium, peri, about; and kardia, the heart. 

Pericranium, peri, and kranion, the skull : the periosteum. 

Perigae'um, peri, about; and ge, the earth : near the earth. 

Perim'eter, j^eri, and metreo, to measure round : circum- 

Period, peri, through ; and odos, a way : a round of time, 
a rest. 

Perioeci, peri, and oikeo, to dwell in opposite points. 


Periophtharmium^ peri, and ophthalmos, the eye's skin. 

Perios'teum, peri, and osteon, round a bone^ covered with a 

Peripatetic, peri, and pateo, to walk about, as Aristotle. 

Periph'ery, peri, and phero, to carry round : a circumfe- 

Periphrasis, peri, and phrasis, a speech round about. 

Peri plus, periplous, a voyage round a certain sea. 

Peristal'tic, peri, and stcllo, to contract : wormlike. 

Peritrochium, 7?^r2, and trecho, to run round a puUy. 

Petal, peialon, a leaf: the flower-leaf of a plant. 

Phaenom'enon, or, a, phaiiiomai, to appear in God's works. 

Phan'atic, phaino, to appear enthusiastic, frantic. 

Phantasmagoria, phantasma, a vision ; and agora, an as- 
sembly of visions. 

Ph an' torn, phaino, to appear or shew itself. 

Phare, pharos, a watch tower. 

Pharmacop'olist, pharmakon, medicine ; and poleo, to sell, 

Pharyngotomy, pharugx, the windpipe; and /cmwo, to cut. 

Phial, phiale, a small glass bottle. 

PhiladeFphia, phileo, to love ; and adelphos, a brother. 

Philagathus, phileo, and agathos, a lover of good men. 

Philan'thropy, phileo, to love; and anthropos, a man. 

Philar'guros, phileo, to love ; and arguros, silver. 

Philautia, phileo, to love; and autos, one's self: self-love. 

Philis'toricus, phileo, and istoria, to love history. 

Philobotanus, phileo, and bolane, a plant lover, 

Philodes'pot, phileo, and despotes, a master lover. 

Philomath, phileo, and mathesis, a learning lover. 

Philop'sychy, phileo ^ and psuche, the soul or Hfe. 

Philos'ophy, phileo, and sophia, a lover of wisdom. 

Philos'torgy, phileo, and storge, natural affection. 

Philotech'nus, phileo, and techne, a lover of arts, 

PhihUimy, phileo, and ^iwc, honour : the love of honour. 


Philox'eny, phileOf and zenia, hospitality. 
Phirter, philtron, a love portion. [bleed. 

Phlebotomy, pli/eps, a vein; and temno, to cut a vein, or 
Phleborrhagia, phleps, a vein ; and regnumai, to break. 
Phleg'mon, pUego, to burn : an inflammation. 
Phlogiston, piilogizo, to burn : inflammable air. [its ai5;hes. 
Phcie'nix, phoinix, a fabulous bird, whose young rise from 
Phonocom'[rtic, phone, voice; and kampto, to inflect or 

Phosphorous, jo/i05, light; and phero, to bring : morning 

PhraseoFogy, phrasis, a phrase ; and logos, a word : mode 

or style of speech. 
Phthiriasis, phtheir, a louse : the state of being infected. 
Phthisic, phthiomai, to waste : a consumption. 


Phthon'gus, phthoggos, a sound, tune, or note in music. 
Phthora, phtheiro, to corrupt or destroy. [bandage. 

Phylac'tery, phulakterion, phulatto, to guard : a Jewish 
Phyl'lerca, phullon, a leaf : a beautiful evergreen. 
Phy'sic, phusis, nature : healing and opening medicines. 
Phy'sics, jjJiusiSj natural philosophy and divinity. 
Physiog'nomy, phusis, nature; miA ginosko, to know. 
Physiol'ogy, phusis, and logos, a treatise on works of nature. 
Physo'cele, phusao, to blow up ; and kele, a rupture. 
PhytoFogy, phuton, a plant ; and logos, a description. 
Pirate, peirazo, to put in danger, or rob. 
Plague, plege, a stroke of the pestilence. 
Plan'et, planao, to wander : a wandering star, 
Planim'etry, planus, plain ; and metreo, to measure plains. 
Plan'isphere, planus, and spharia, a sphere thrown on a 

Tlas'ter, plasso, to form a cataplasm or poultice. 
Plas'tic, plasso, to form, shape, or cast in frames. 


Pleonasm, pleo7iazo, to abound tvith too many words. 
Pler'otic, plero, to fill up as a wound with flesh. 
Pleuracy, pleuritis, a side, or inside of the chest affected. 
Plinth, pli7ithoSy a tile, or square stone for a foundation. 
Ploce, ploke, twisting a word for illustration or emphasis. 
Pneumatocele, pneiima, wind ; and kele, a rupture. 
PneumatoFogy, pneuma, a spirit ; and logos, a description of. 
Podagra, pons, the foot ; and agra, a capture, or gout. 
Poem, poieo, to make. 

Polem'arch, polemos, war ; and archos, chief : the general. 
Polemic, polemos, war : belonging to controversy. 
Polem'oscope, polemos, and skopeo, to view battles. 
PoHcy, politeia, the government of a city or polity. 
Politic, politikos, belonging to a city : cunning, artful. 
Polyacoustic, polus, many ; and akouo, to hear at once. 
PolyadeFphia, polus, and adelphos, a brother, in botany. 
Polyan'dria, polus, and ane7^, a male with more than twelve 

Polyan'thus, polus, and anthos, a flower like a primrose. 
Polycar'pus, polus, and karpos, bearing much fruit. 
Polyg'amy, polus, and gatnos, having two or more wives 

at once. 
Polygar'chy, polus, and arche, many to govern. 
Pol'yglot, polus, many ; and glofta, tongues or languages. 
Polygon, polus, and gonia, many corners or angles. 
Pol'ygram, polus, and gramme, the lines being many. 
Pol'ygraphy, polus, and grapho, to write in many cyphers. 
Polygyn'ia, polus, and gune, a female : plants with many 

Polyhym'nia, polus, and umnos, many hymns : one of the 

Polym'ath, polus, and manthano, one much learned. 
PoFypus, polus, and pous, with many feet. 
Polypet'alous, polus, and petalon, having many petals* 


Polyphagist, polus, and phago, to cat much. 
Polyptote, polus, and ptosis, having many cases. 
Polysai'chia, polus, and sarx, too much flesh : groSKiiess 

of habit. 
Pol'y scope, polus, many ; and skopco, to view : a multipher. 
PoFysyllable, polus, and sullabe, many syllables. 
Porysyndaeton, polus, and sundeo, to bind many by and. 
Polytheism, polus, and theos, heathen : many gods. 
Pore, poros, a small hole, or the optic nerve : to see eagerly. 
Prac'tice, prat to, to do or practise. 
Pragmatic, pragma, a business : busy, meddling. 
Pres'byter, presbuferos, old : an elder, presbyterians. 
Prob'lem, problema, a question proposed. 
Prochronism, pro, before ; and chronos, the time, antedated. 
Prodromus, pro, and dromos, a course before, or forerunner. 
Proem, prooimion, a preface or introduction. 
Prognos'tic, pro, before ; and ginosko, to know. 
Prologue, pro, and logos, a word : a preface. 
Proph'esy, pro, before ; and phemi, to tell. 
Prophylac'tic, pro, and phulasso, to guard, as camphire. 
Proplasm, pro, and plasma, a likeness or mould. 
Propoma, pro, and pino, to drink before meat. 
Pros'ylite, pros, and erkomai, to come to or agree. 
Pros'ody, pros, to ; and aeido, to sing, in quantity and 

Prosopopeia, prosopon, a person ; and poieo, to represent. 
Pros'per, pros, to ; and phero, to bring to favour. 
Protocol, protos, first; and co/ow, a member or copy. 
Protol'ogist, protos, and lego, to speak first, [phen. 

Protomartyr, protos, first ; and martur, witness : St. Ste- 
Protoplast, protos, first ; and phtsso, to form : an original. 
Prototype, protos, and tupos, a type : the archetype. 
PrcStype, pro, before ; and typos, a tyi>e : a prototype. 
PsaFmody, psalmos, a psalm ; and aeido, to sing psalms. 

F 3 


Psam'mos, the sand or gravel which generates in men. 
Pseudang'elist, pseudos, false ; and angello, to tell. 
Pseiidodox, pseudos, false ; and doxos, glory. 
Pseudorogy, pseudos, false ; and logos, a word : falsehood. 
Pseudomar'tyr, pseudos, and martur, a false martyr. 
Pysch'ology, psuchc, the soul ; and logos, a discourse on 

the soul. 
Psychomachy, psuche, the soul ; and mache, a fight. 
Pty'alism, ptualizo, to spit: a salivation. 
Ptys'magogue, ptusma, spittle ; and ago, to excite spitting. 
Pyelos, puelos, a vessel to bathe in, or wash in. 
Pyg'ma, pugme, half a yard : a pigmy or dwarf. 
Pylorus, puhio, to guard, 

Pyr'amid, pur, fire which ascends in shape of a cone. 
Pyretic, purefos, a fever : a medicine for a fever. 
Pyrites, pwr, fire : so called from striking fire with steel. 
Pyrotech'nic, pur, fire ; and techne, art in fire works. 
Py'thon, putho, to corrupt: a great serpent slain by Apollo. 


Quin'sy, kunagche, from kuon, and ancho, to suffocate a 

Quindec'agon, quinque, five; deka, ten; and gonia, a 

corner : fifteen angles. 


Rag, rakos, a tatter: worn out, remnant. 
Rain, raino, to fall iu drops. 


Rhap'sody, rapto, to sow ; and ode, a song. 
Rhet'oric, rhetor, a declaimer, or orator, or persuasor. 
Rheum, reo, to flow, or ooze through the glands at the 

Rheumatism, reumatizo, to be afflicted with defluctions. 
Rhinoceros, rin, a nostril ; and keros, a horn : elephant. 
Rhizot'omist, risa, a root ; and temno, to cut. 
Rhonchis onant, ronchos, a snoaring ; and sonus, a sound. 
Rhyme, ruthmos, a rule, in poetry, or a poem. 
Rhythm, in music, from ruthmos, a rule : rhyme. 
Rhytidosis, rutis, a wrinkle or fold of the body. 
Rick'ets, rachitis, a disease incident to children. 


Sal'mon, saleuo, to toss or leap. 

Salammoniac, sal, salt ; and amnios, sand : used by braziers, 

San'hedrin, sun, with ; and edra, a seat : where the high 

priests presided. 
San'oides, sanis, a table : the breast flattened like a table. 
Sarcocele, sarx, flesh ; and kele, a rupture ; an excrescence. 
Sarcoph'agous, sarx, flesh ; and phago, to eat : a tomb. 
Sarcot'ic, sarx, flesh : generating flesh. 
Satrapa, sat rapes, a peer of the Persian realm. 
Satyr, saturos, a sylvan god. 
Scan'dal, skandalon, an infamy : an aspersion. 
Scaphism, skapto, to hollow a tree and put a man in. 
Scar, eschara, a scar : a cicatrix or mark by burning. 
Scarify, eschara, mid facio, to mark the scar by scarifying*. 
Scelot'yrbe, skelos, the leg; and turhc, a tumult: the scurvy. 
Scene, skene, the stage, or part of a play. 
Scenog'raphy, skene, and grapho, to paint the scenes. 


Scep'tre, sJceptron, the ensign of royalty. 

Scheme, schema, a form or appearance. 

Schir'rus, schirros, from skirroo, to harden a gland. 

Schism, schizo, to cleave : a division in the church. 

Sciagraph, skia, a shadow ; and grapho, to describe. 

Sciamachy, skiay and mache, a fight with a shadow. 

Scleroph'thalmia, sklcros, hard ; and ophthalmos, the eye. 

Scruff, scropha, scrofulous : glandular swellings. 

Selenog'raphy, selene, the moon ; and grapho, to describe. 

Sep'tic, scptica, from sepo, to putrify or corrupt. 

Siagon'agra, siagon, the jaw; and agra, the gout. 

Silly, sillos, a species of ridicule : comic poetry. 

Sitoph'ylax, sitos, corn ; and phulasso, to keep. 

SkeFeton, skello, to dry. 

Skep'tic, skepiomai, to look round about. 

Smin'thean, sminthcos, a rat : a name for Apollo. 

Sol'ecism, solikos, barbarous. 

Somatic, soma, a body : corporeal. 

Soph'ism, sophizomai, to invent : a sophist. [diseased. 

Spargan'osis, spargao, to swell with milk ; and nosos, morbus. 

Spasm, spaOf to draw : the cramp. 

Spasmodic, spasmos, a spasm ; and odune, pain. 

Spaiha, spathe, a spattle : to spread plaisters. 

Spermatopse'a, sperma, seed ; and poieo, to make. 

Spacelus, sphakelos, destructive : a gangrene. 

Sphaera, sphaira, a ball or sphere. 

Spheeramachy, sphaira, and mache, to play at balls. 

Spheroid, sphaira, and eidos, shape of a sphere. 


Sphinc'ter, sphiggo, to shut up : a binding muscle. 

n 71 

Sphinx, sphigx, from sphiggo, to shut up in riddles. 


Splanchonology, splagchnon, the bowels ; and lego, to de- 


Static, Stat ike, belonging to weights ; istemi, to stand. 

Steganog'raphy, 5^^^awo^, secret ; and grapho, to write. 

Stegnosis, sfegnoo, to bind up the pores. 

Stellography, stelle, a pillar ; and grapho, to write on. 

Stenog'raphy, stenos, short ; and grapho, to write short- 

Stenoth'oracos, stenos^ straight ; and thorax, the chest : 

Stentorophon'ic, stentor, a herald; and phone, a voice: 

Stereog'raphy, stereos, solid; and grapho, to describe 

Sler'eotype, stereos, and tiipos, a type in printing, solid. 

Stereom'etry, stereos, and mctreo, to measure solids. 

Stig'ma, stizo, to brand : to mark with a hot iron. 

Styp'tic, stupho, to astringe or stop the blood. 

Stoic, stoaj a porch where Zeno taught philosophy. 

Stomacace, stoma, the mouth ; and kakos, bad or sore. 

Stor'ge, stork, from its affection to its parents. 

Story, isturia, history : an idle tale or fiction. 

Stran gury, stragx, a drop ; and ouron, urine by drops. 
Strat'agem, sirateiima, an army : artifice in war. 
Stratioc'racy, stratos, an army ; and kratos, power : chief. 
Struma, a swelling in the glands : scrofula. 
StnSphe, strepho, to turn : a stanza. 
Syc'amore, suke, a fig ; and inorea, a mulberry, 
Syc'ofant, suke, and phao, to inform of figs. 
Syl'lable, sun, with ; and lambano, to take together. 
SyHabus, sun, and lambano, to take an abstract. 
Syllogism, sun, together ; and lego, to reason by three 

Sym'bol, su7i, with; and ballo, to throw : a compendium. 
Sym'metry, sun, and metreo, to measure with, or agree. 


Sym'pathy, sun, with ; and pascho, to suffer. 

Sym'pliony, sun, and phoneo, to sound together, 

Sym'ploce, sun, and pleko, to join with top and bottom. 

Svmphosiac, sun, and potizo, to drink with. 

Symp'tom, sun, and pipto, to fall : a sign, a token. 

Syn'seresis, sun, and aireo, to lift up two vowels into one. 

Syn'agogue, sun, with; and «o'o, to bring together. 

SynaFsepha, sun, and aleipho, to mix, or cut off first vowel. 

Syn'anche, kuon, a dog; and anc/io, to suffocate. 

Synarth'iosis, sun, and artJtroo, to throw together. 

Syn'axis, .s?/w, and a^o-o, to bring together to communion. 

Syn'chronism, sun, and chronos, to time together. 

Synchy'sis, sun, and cliuo, to pour out : confusion. 

Syn'cope, sun, and kopfo, to cut : a contraction of a word. 

Synchrisis, sun, and krino, to judge: a comparison, anti- 

Synec'doche, sun, ek ; and dechomai, to take a part for the 

Syn'od, sun, with ; and odos, the way : an assembly of 

Synon'} ma, sun, and onoma, a name like another in meaning. 

Synop'sis, su7i, and ops, a view : a general view. 

Syntag'ma, sun, and tasso, to order : regular order of things. 

Syn'tax, sun, and tasso, to order : a system. 

Synthesis, am72, and iithemi, to put together. 

Sys'tem, sun, and istemi, to put many things in union. 

Sys'tole, sun, and stcllo, to draw together : a contraction. 


Tachygraphy, tachus, swift; and grapho, to write. 
Tac'tic, tasso, to put in order an army against Spain, 


TaVismaii, talesma, a magical character. 

Tar, t arras so, to trouble. 

Tautorogy, tauto, the same ; and logos, a word. 

Tecton'ic, tekton, a builder. 

Td'egraph, telos, the extremity ; and grapho, to write. 

TeFescope, telos, the extremity ; and skopeo, to view. 

Tenes'mus, tcnesmos, from teino, to constringe. 

Teratorogy, terata, wonderful ; and logos, a tale of wonder. 

Terebrin'thus, the turpentine tree. 

Tetanic, tetanikos, teino, to stretch : a stiff-neck. 

Tet/ragon, tetra, four; and ^oy^^«, a corner : four sides and 

Tetral'ogy, tetra, four ; and logos, a discoure in four parts. 
Tetran'dria, tetra, four ; and aner, a male : with four 

Tetrapet'alous, tetra, and peialon, with four flower-leaves. 
TetraphuFious, tetra, and phullon, with four leaves. 
Tetrarch, tetra, four; diXiAarchos, a chief of four provinces. 
Theatre, tlieaomai, to see. 
Theism, theos, God : natural religion. 
Theoc'racy, tlieos, God ; and kratos, power. 
Theme, thema, theao, to fix the eye upon for a while. 
Theogonia, theos, God ; and gone, an offspring. 
TheoFogy, theos, and lego, to know or describe God. 
Theorem, theorema, a truth. 

Theory, iheoros, a spectator. [of: treacle. 

Theriaca, ther, a wild beast ; and akeomai, to cure bites 
Thermom'eter, thenne, heat ; and metreo, to measure. 
Ther'moscope, therme, heat ; and skopeo, to view. 
Theta, eighth letter of the greek alphabet, and first of 

thanato ; a note of condemnation. 
Theurgy, theos, God ; and crgo7i, work. 
Thren'odia, threne, lamentation ; and ode, an ode. 
Thronos, thrao, to sit : the seat of a king, bishop, &c. 


Timoc'racy, timcy dignity; ^nd krafeo, to govern. 

Tipos'comy, iupos, a type ; and kosmos, the world : a map. 

Tome, tomos, a book or volume ; temno, to cut. 

Tone, teino, to stretch. 

Toparch, topos, sl place; and arche to govern. 

Tophus^ tophos, a chalky substance in joints. 

Topog'raphy, topos, and grapho, to describe a place. 

Toxica, poison ; toxos, a bow with poisoned arrows. 

Trachelagra, trachelos, the neck ; and agra, the gout. 

Trag'edy, tragedia, a mournful event. 

Traulismus, iranlizo, to stammer. [stamina. 

Trian'dria, iieis, three ; and aner, a man : having three 

Triclin'iarch, triklinion, a dining-room ; and arche, a chief. 

Trig'amy, treis, ^nd gamos, having been thrice married. 

Trigon, ireis, and gonia, having three angles. [angles. 

Trigonom'etry, treis, gonia, and metreo, measuring tri- 

Trig'ynous, treis, ^i\d gune, a female : having three pistils. 

Tripet'alous, treis, and pe talon, having three petals. 

Triph'thong, treis, and phthongos, having three vowels. 

Tripod, treisy and pons, having three feet. 

Triptote, treis, and ptosis, having three cases only. 

Tris'mus, irizo, to grind the teeth. 

Tris'past, treis, and spao, to draw with three puUies. 

Trisper'mous, treis, and sperma, having three seeds. 

Tris'yllable, treis, and suUable, having three syllables. 

Trith'eism, treis, and theos, having three distinct gods. 

Trocli'Jea, trecho, to run, as a pulley. 

Trochus^ irochos, awheel; ivQm trecho, to run. 

Trope, trepo, to turn or change the sense. 

Trophy, trepo, to turn to one's own use. 

Trop'ic, trepo, to turn the sun twice a year. 

Truck, trochos, a wheel. 

Tylus, tulos, a callus for fractured bones. 

Tym'panum, tnmpanon, a drum of the ear. 


Type, tupos, from tupto, to strike, in printing. 
Typ'us, tuphos, stupor, a continued fever. 
Typog'raphy, tupos, and grapho, to print with typeif. 
Tyran'uio, turanikos, cruel. 


Undec'ag-on, endeka, eleven ; and gonia, a corner. 
Uran'oscopy, ouranos, and skopeo, to view the heavens. 
Uromancy, ouron, and manleia, to judge from the urine. 
Uroscopy, ouron, and skopeo, to inspect the urine. 


Vial^ pJdale, a small bottle. 

Xenod'ocium, xenos, and doche, an inn for strangers, 
Xenoph'thalmy, xeros, and ophthalmos, a dry sore eye^ 
Xiph'ias^ xiphos, a sword fish : a comet like it. 


Zeal, 2<?/o^, from zeo, to be hot with zeai. 
Zodiac, a zao, to live : as bull, virgin, crab, &c. 
Zone, 2one, a girdle, or division of the earth. 
Zoography, zoos, and grapha, to describe animals. 
Zoophvte, zoos, and phuton, boih vegetable and animal life. 
Zoot'omy, zoos, and tcmno, to dissect beasts. 
Zot'ica, zoo, to live : the vital faculty, 
Zume, leaven ; from zeo, to be hot. 
Zy'thum, ale or beer; zuthos, made of malt. 
Zjthep'sary, zuthos^ ale: a brewhouse^ 



The Reader will find many words here derived from the French, which 
have before been derived from the Latin, and he may take which he likes 
best ; it being a matter of uncertainty from which they may have been 
derived first. 


Abase, to bring down — Abaisser. 

Abandon, to give over what is good — Abandonner. 

Abacus, an abacus or bottom of a pi7/flr— Abaque. 

Abate, to grow less — Abattre. 

Abatement, weakness, ZeMewiwg*— Abattement. 

Abby, an abby — Abbaye, 

Abbot, governor of an abbey, abba, Father'^Ahhe. 

Abbess, governess of an fl&&£^^— -Abbesse, 

Abyss, a bottomless pit — Abyssnie. 

About, to meet at the ends — Aboutir. 

Abridge, to fiAarfm— Abreger. 

Abscess, an imposthume-^Ahces, 

Abstruse, dark — Abstrus. 

Accentuate, to put right accent-^Accentuer, 

Acceptation, the accepted sense of a it^orrf— Acceptation. 

Acquaintance, a friend or re/tf<«(?«— Accoiutance. 


Accomplish, to perform or jffwi^^— Accomplir. 

Accoucheur, to deliver of a child — Accoucher. 

Accomptant, one skilled in acconnts — Accomptant. 

Accouple, to join foo*eMer— Accoupler, 

Accord, to agree — Accorder. 

Accoutre, to dress or c/ ^irc— Accoutrer. 

Accroach, to incroach — Accrocher. 

Accustom, to use or inure — Accoutumer, 

Accrue, to encrease — Accroitre. 

Achieve, to finish — Achever. 

Acquisition, obtaining — Acquisition. 

Aquist, to acquire or obtain — Acquirer. 

Acquit, to discharge or c/eflr— Acquitter. 

Actress, a female player — Actrice. 

A'cre, an acre of land— A^cre, 

Adagio, slow or grave — (Italian) Adagio. 

Adjourn, to put off to another day, ajourner — Adjourner. 

Adieu, 1 leave you to God's care. Farewell — Adieu. 

Admiral, a naval commander — Admiral. 

Adjust, to regulate — Adjuster. 

Address, to direct^ or send, or apply — Adr^sser. 

Admiralty, the power of lord high admiral — Amiralte. 

Adroit, dexterous, cunning — Adroit. 

Adorable, worthy of divine honor — Adorable. 

Adultery, to commit adultery — AdWterer. 

Advance, to approach — Avdncer. 

Affair, business, matter, or thing — Affaire. 

Advantage, benefit — Avdntage, 

Affranchise, to make free — Affranchir. 

Accompany, to attend or follow — Accompagner. 

Accomplice, a partner in wickedness — Accomplice, 

Accost, to come up to owe— Accoster. 

Adveulure, hazard — Avaiiliire. 

Affront, to encounter — Affronter. 

Advertize, to give notice — Adv^rtir. 

Age, the time a man lives — A'ge. 

Advowee, one who has the right of advowson^^XdvouQ* 

Agree, to accept — Agreer. 

Advice, information or news -- Avis. 

Aid, help — A'id. 

Aerie, a nest of hawks — Aire. 

Around, in a circle — A la, ronde* 

Affray, to be made timorous— Affrayer. 

Affront, insult, face ^o/acf— Affronter, 

Affloat, to bear up by water — Flotter. 

Aggrandize, to exalt — Aggrandiser. 

Agio, the price of exchange — (Italian) Agio. 

Agog, longing for — Agogo. 

Agreeable, pleasing — Agreeable. 

Ague, a periodical fever — AigA. 

Aid, to help — Aider. 

Aid-de-camp, a helper in the field of battle-^ Aid-dit-ckinpt 

Aisle, the wing of a church — Aile. 

A-la-mode, according to thefashion^-^A-h-mode. 

Alarm, to frighten — Al arme, alarmer. 

Alegar, sour ale — x'\le, aigre. 

Alert, active — Alerte. 

Alloy, to mix metals — A116yer. 

Allegiance, legal obedience — Allegeance. 

A'ilegro, a quick time in music — (Italian) Allegro. 

A'llemanda, a grave air — (Italian) Allemand. 

Alley, a strait walk — Alley, all6e. 

Alliance, the union of two families'^ Alliance* 

Allow, to admit— AUoder. 

Allure, to attract — Lefirer. 

Ally, to join togethev'^^ kWi^Vm 

Almonds, a stone fruit — (Italian) Amdndolo, 

Along, in full length — Au longe. 

Alter, to change — Alterer. 

Alteration, a changing — Alteratio. 

Alternative, a choice of two Mfwgs— Alternatif. 

Amass, to heap together — Amdsser. 

Ambassador, a messenger — Anibassadeur. 

Ambigu, meat and fruit together^ in douht which to take- 

Ambuscade, ambush, or laying wait — Embliscade. 
Ambush, ambush or snares — Embuche. 
Amende, to fine — Am^nder. 
Amends, an atonement — Amende. 
Amortize, to redeem — Amortir. 
Amerce, to fine — Amercier. 
Amorous, that loves — A'raoreux, 
Amort, spiritless — A-la-mort. 
Amour, love—I^mom. 
Amount, to arise from — Amonter. 
Amulet, a charm — Amulette. 
Amuse, to hold in play — Amuser. 
Ancestors, ancestors — Anc^tres. 
Ancient, old — Ancient. 

Anchor, an anchor for a ship's mooring — A'ncre. 
Anguish, torment, anguish — Angoisse. 
Anise, anise seed — An is: 
Autre, a cave or den — Autre. 
Announce, to tell or declare — Annoncer. 
Annoy, to vex — Annoyer. 
Anomaly, irregularity — Anomalie. 

Annual, yearly — A'nnuel. 

Antique, old — Antique. 

Annuity, a yearly payment — A'nnuit^. 

Antlers, antlers of a deer — AndouilIers# 

Apart, separate— ApArt, 

Apothecary, one that sells drugs — Apothecaire. 

Appease, to mitigate — Appaiser. 

Appal, to frighten — Appalir. 

Apparel, to make ready, to dress — Appareiller. 

Apparent, plain — Apparant. 

Appearance, outside — Apparence. 

Apartment, a drawing room — Appartement, 

Appeal, to call or name — Appeller. 

Appertain, to belong to — Appartenir. 

Apperlenance, what belongs to a thing — Appartenance. 

Appointment, an agreement — Appoinleraent. 

Appoint, to order — Appointer. 

Appraise, to value or rate — Apprecier. 

Apprentice, to learn — Appr^ndre. 

Approach, to bring near — Approcher. 

Apprize, to teach or make known — Appris. 

Approve, to like or love — Approuver. 

Arcade, an arch — Arcade. 

Archer, a bowman— ArcYier, 

Argument, to reprove — Argument, arguo. ^ 

Arietta, a short air er song — (Italian) Arietta. 

Army, armed men — Armee. 

Armada, a j^ee^ of ships of war — (Spanish) Armada. 

Arrange, to set in order — Arranger. 

Armadillo, a four footed animal from Brazil — Armadillo. 

Arrest, to stop — Arreter. 

Armorial, belonging to coat of arms — Armorial. 

Arrears, hehind-hand — Arriere. 

Armoury, where arms are kept — Arm6ire. 

Arrive, to come to or land — Arriver. 

Arpeggio, when notes are heard distinctly — Arpeggio. 

Arrogance, a claim — Arrogance. 

Arsenal, a royal magazine — (Italian) Arsenale. 

Around, to round, or go round — Arrondir, 

Artifice, cunning — Artifice. 

Artillery, cannon and bombs — Artillerie. 

Artist, one skilled in arts — A'rtiste. 

Artisan, a mechanic — A'rtisan. 

Ascendant, rising high — Ascendant. 

Ascertain, to get the meaning of a word — Ascertenir. 

Assassinate, to murder — Assassiner. 

Assault, to attack — Assailler. 

Assemble, to assemble or gather together — Assemtler. 

Assay, to try — Assayer. 

Assignee, one appointed — Assign^. 

Assess, to rate or tax — (Italian) Assessare, 

Assets, a plate, or household goods — Assietle. 

Assiento, a bargain — (Spanish) Assiento. 

Assizes, sitting of Judges- Assises. 

Assign, to help or determine — Assigner. 

Assist, to help or stand by — A'sisier. 

Assonance, chiming together — A'ssonance, 

Associate, to join in company — Associer. 

Assort, to furnish stock or store — Assorter. 

Assoil, to discharge from, excommunication — Assofidre. 

Assortment, a stock of goods — Ass6rtement. 

Assurer, one that insures ships at sea — Ass6reur. 

Assure, to assure or affirm — Assfirer. 

Astonish, to amaze — Astonner. 

Attourney, to attire, dress, or set out a case — Atourner. 

Astray, consulting stars leads astray — A'stre, a star. 

Attach, to bind or make fast — Attacher. 

Attainder, felony or treason tainting an offspring — 

Attack, to assault or encounter — Attaquer, 
Attain, to reach or come to — Atteindre. 
Attainder, hit, struck, or infected — Atteint. 
Attempt, to make an attempt — Atlenter. 
Attendant, in service, tvaiting — Attendant. 
Attention, application — Attention. 
Attenuate, to make thin — Attenuer. 
Attire, to draw or attract with dress — Attirer. 
Attitude, posture — A'ttitude. 
Attornment, agreement to transfer property — Atlourne- 

Attrap, to catch — Attraper. 
Attraction, drawing towards — Attraction. 
Attrition, a ruhbing against, sorrow — Attrition. 
Avail, to profit — Valoir. 
A vaunt, begone — Avant. 

Avantgard, the first line of battle — Avantgarde. 
Advantage, profit — Avantage. 
Avaricious, very covetous — Avarice. 
Avenge, to punish — ^Avenger. 
Adventure, chance, hazard — AVenture. 
Audience, an assembly — Audience. 
Avenue, passage or opening — A' venue. 
Augment, to encrease — Augmenter. 
Aver, to evidence or prove — Averer. 
Aunt, a female relation — Xante. 
Adverlizement, advice — Avertissement, 


Advertiser, a king's officer — Averlissefir. 

Advice, in commerce, information by /ef/er— (Italian) Aviso. 

Avenge, to revenge or vindicate — Vcnger. 

Augment, to encrease — Augmenter. 

Advice, advice or opinion — A'vis, 

Advise, to advise — Aviser. 

Advocate, a counsellor — AVocat. 

Avoirdupois, to have weight — A'voir du pois. 

Avow, to own or confess, avouch — Avo6er. 

Avoid, to quit or leave alone — Vfiider. 

Authorize, to impower — Autoriser. 


Babble, prating— ^?ih\\. 

Bauble, a toy — Babiole, 

Baboon, a monkey — Babouin. 

Bachelor, a bachelor — Bachelier. 

Baffle, to disappoint — Baffler. 

Baggage, goods of an army — Baggage. 

Bagnio, a house for bathing — Bagnio, pro bannio. 

Baggatelle, a trifle or toy — Bagatelle. 

Bay, a chesnut colour — Bai. 

Bail, tosetfree—1^2i\\\tx. 

Bail, from prison — Bail, release. 

Bailiff, an inferior officer of justice-— B^iWiQ- 

Ball, a solemn dance — Bal. 

Balance, to poise or weigh — Balancer. 

Balance, a pair of scales — Balance. 

Balcony, a projecture before a ii^iwrf^M^— Balcon. 

Ballad, a kind of dance with music — Ballade. 

Ballet, a stage dance — Ballette. 

Balloon, afoot ball — Ballon. 

Ballot, a voting ball, baloter to toss — Ballotte, 

Balsam, or baume, an oily substance — Balsamine, 

Balustrade, rails or balustres — Balnslrade» 

Bamboo, an Indian cane — Bambou. 

Bann, a proclamation ; Ban, to curse- — Ban, 

Bank, a bench, form or seat ; ftflwg'M^— -Banc, 

Bandelet, a hand, or moulding in architecture — Bandelette, 

Band, a fillet or band; bandeau— ^dm^Q* 

Bandrol, a little flag — Banderole. 

Banditto, an Italian robber — Banditto* 

Bandy legs, crooked, to and fro* 

Bander, to toss to and fro as playing at bandy cat. 

Banners, to cover a tent or boat — Banner. 

Banish, to banish ; from ban, to curse — Bannir. 

Banner, a standard — Banniere. 

Banquet, to feast — Banqueter. 

Banker, a banker; banc, a bench — Banquier. 

Bankrupt, one that fails in business — Banqueroute. 

Barrister, a wooden bar where Barristers plead-^B^itre. 

Barbarous, cruel^ savage — Barbare. 

Barrow, a hand barrow — Barreau. 

Barbel, a fish so called from a barb or wattle — ^Barbe, 

Barrack, a barrack or barque — Baraque. 

Barber, a barber, a shaver — Barbier. 

Barge, a barge, a vessel with oars — Barge. 

Bardj a poet — Barde. 

Barter, to exchange goods — Baratter. 

Barrel, a rundlet — Barii. 

Baron, a baron, a title — (Italian) Baronessa, baron. 


Barky a great boat — Barque. 

Barrister, the bar of the Inns of Court — Barreau. 

Bar, to bar or obstruct — Barrer. 

Barricado, to bar out — Barricade, 

Base, the basis or foundation — Bas. 

Basso the lowest notes — (Italian) Bass. 

Bason, a bason, a wet dock — Bassin. 

Bass or lovr relief, figures on coins not raised high-^ (Itali- 
an) Basso relievo 

Basoon, basoon, an instrument to play on — Basson. 

Bastion, a bulwark — Bastion. 

Bastonado, a cudgeling, baton, a stick — Bastonnade. 

Battle, a battle or fight ^BB.t?iil\e. 

Battalion, a battalion of soldiers — Bataillon* 

Battoon, a truncheon or staff — Baton* 

Bastard, illegitimate — Batard. 
Batter, to fight — Battre. 

Boat, a boat — Bateau. 

Beat, to beat or battre — Batonner. 

Balm, balm or balsam — Baume. 

Bayonet, a dagger — Bayonette. 

Beauty, comeliness — Beaute. 

Beak, beckon, a bill or beak, a sign with the head — Bee. 

Beat, to beat — Battre. 

Beau, pronounced bo, and plural beaux, pronounced bos, a 

fop — Beau. 
Belfrey, a steeple — Befroi. 
Beldam, an old woman — Belle dame. 
Benefice, a church Ziviwg— Benefice. 
Benign, kind — Benin. 
Benison, to bless — Benir. 
Beak, to peck — Bequeten 


Betray, to deliver up — Be & trabir. 

Berg, a high or steep beach or strand — Berge, 

Bergamot, a fine pear — Bergamotte. 

Beryl, aherylf a precious stone — Beril, 

Beaver, an animal from 40 to 60lb, weight — Beviere, 

Beef, an ox — Beuf. 

Beugle horn, to bellow or low as cows — Beugler, 

Butter, butter — Beurre. 

Bias, a slope or weight on one side — Biais. 

Bible, the bible, — Bible. 

Bitch, a bitch — Biche. 

Bier, a bier to carry a coffin — Biere. 

Beaver, a beaver — Bievre. 

Beagle, a beagle — Bigle. 

Bigot, by G—e/— Bigot. 

Billion, base metal — Billion. 

Bile, choler, anger, passion, wroth — Bile. 

Billiards, a game at billiards — Billiard. 

Billet doux, billet doux, a lorn letter — Billet. 

Bistre, soot boiled and gum water cakes — Bistre. 

Biscuit, twice baked — Biscuit, 

Bisk, soup broth — Bisque. 

Blame, imputation, reproach, scandal — Blame. 

Blank, a white line in writing — Blanc. 

Blanch, to blanch or whiten — Blanchir. 

Blank, Mane, white — Blanquette. 

Blazon, to blazon, to adorn — Blasonner. 

Blemish, to grow pale — Blemer. 

Blatant, bellowing — Blattant. 

Blame, to accuse — Blamer. 

Blanch, to whiten — Blanchir. 

Blue, sky colour, or sky bine — Bleu. 


Blind, a blind, to cover open trenches — Blinde. 

Block, a though piece of stone — Bloc. 

Blot, a drop of ink — Blottir. 

Bobin, a bobin to wind «i7A:— Bobine. 

Boat, a Jo^— Boite. 

Bombardment, an attack on a city — -Bombardement. 

Bombasin, a sort of dimity — Borabasin. 

Bomb, a granado shell — Bombe, 

Bona roba, (Italian) a prostitute — Bona roba. 

Bound, to bound or jump about — Bondir. 

Bon-Chrestieu, a famous pear— Bon Chretien. 

Bonnet, a cap — Bonnet. 

Bonne Grace, a forehead cloth— Bonne grace. 

Border, a border, shore, brink or 5ri»«— Bord. 

Bonny, gay, cheerful — Bon. 

Bourn, a boundary — Borne. 

Bosky, abounding with wood — Bosque. 

Boss, a bunch or swelling — Bosse. 

Boscage, a place set with trees — Boscage. 

Boot, a boot — Bot. 

Bounty, goodness — Bonte. 

Bottle, to make bottles, bouteille — Botteler. 

Bother, to put ones boots on — Botter. 

Butcher, a butcher — Boucher. 

Buckle, a buckle — Boucle. 

Buckler, a buckler — Bonder. 

Buffoon, full of jest — Bouffon. 

Buffoonery, folly — Buffouerie. 

Bulwark, a great bastion — Boulevard. 

Buckram, a coarse cloth made of hemp-^Bou^xzw, 

Boiled, broth or sow/?— Bouillie or bouillon. 

Boil, ^0 ^oi7— Bouiller. 


Bound, to spring or fly — Bouudir. 
Bowl, a howl or ball — Boule. 
Bullet, a bullet or little ball — Bouleite. 
Bowliijg-green, a gi^ass ^Za^— Baulingrin. 
Burgh, a borough, a market town — Bourg. 
Burgess, a citizen — Bourgeois. 
Butler, a butler — Bouteillier. 
Button, a bud or rising — Bouton. 
Brawl, to brawl or scold — Brailler. 
Bracket, a supporter — Braccietta, 
Bray, to bray as an ass — Braire, 
Brace, to ivind round — Embrasser. 
Branch, a bough — Branche. 

Brandy, from grapes distilled, and wines— Bi?(iM\e\m, 
Brandish, to swing, or toss to andfro—BxTiwd'iw 
Brazier, to braze or soldet^-^Braseu 
Brave, stout, valiant — (Italian) Bravo, Brave. 
Bravo, one that murders another — (Italian) Bravo. 
Bravery, to brave — Braver, bravoure. 
Bravado, proud and haughty — (Spanish) Bravado, 
Breach, a breach, want of ckarify-^hreche. 
Breeze, a pleasant wind — Brezza. 
Brief, short, or brief statement of a case — Bref, 
Brevet, a brief of the crown, a writ — Brevet, 
Bridle, to curb, or keep in — Brider, 
Brigand, to rob — Brigander. 
Brigade, a division of an army — Brigade, 
Brigandine, a coat of mail — Brigand. 
Brilliant, shining — Briliant. 
Brilliancy, to shine — Briller. 
Brick, to build with — Brique. 
Brisket, the breast of an animal — Bricket. 



Bre<?ze, a fresh gale — Brlse* 

Briaded, a little spot — Brin. 

Bruise, to break in pieces — Biiser* 

Brush, to ^weep with — Brosse. 

Broculi, young sprouts — Broccole. 

Broider, to embroider — Broder. 

Bioil, to dress meat — Bruler. 

Bruise, to bruise— Briser. 

Broach, a spit for cooking — Broche. 

Bronze, cast copper, brownish — Bronze, 

Brute, a noise or bruit, rough — Bruit 

Brown, brown — Brun, brunette. 

Bruit, report^ rumour — Bruit. 

Brunette, a brown girl — Brunette. 

Buffet, a cupboard — Buffet. 

Bush, a bush—Biiisson, 

Bulb, a scallion — Buiibe. 

Bui ley, a hull from the Pope — Bulle. 

Bulletin, a Utile bull or />t7/e^— Bulletin. 

Bureau, a chest of drawers — Bureau. 

Burlesque, cojnical — ^^Buriesque. 

Bu:^2ard, a blockhead or dunce — Busard. 

Bust, a figure — Buste. 

Booty, spoil, prize — Butin. 

Bittern, a bird with long tail and /f^*— Butour, 


CJABAL, aparty—Q'dh'd\t, 
Cgbin, a cottagc^^OixhAwe. 


Cabinet, a closet — Cabinet. 

Cable, a very thick rope to hold a ship — Cable. 

Cabbage, headed — Cabus> 

Cabaret, a tavern or ale-house — Cabaret. 

Cocoa, see chocolate — Cocoa. 

Cash, to hide, conceal or cover — Cacher, Caisse. 

Coffee, the herry of a tree forty feet high — Caffe. 

Cage, an inclosure to keep birds in — Cage* 

Cadet, a younger brother — Cadet. 

Cajole, /o ^fl^/er— Cajoler. 

Cashier, a cash keeper — Caissier, 

Case, a box, chest — Caisse. 

Calcine, to burn to a cinder — Calciner. 

Calculate, to compute by little stones — Calculer. 

Calash, a charriot — Caliche. 

Calends, the Romans 1st of each month — Calendcs. 

Calender, to calender c/o/A— Calendrer. 

Calibre, the bore of a gun — Calibre. 

Chalice, communion cup — Calice. 

Callous, Atfr^-Calleux. 

Calm, quiet — Calme. 

Comerade, companion — Camerade, 

Camelion, of the lizard kind — Camelion. 

Camlet, stuffs made of goat's hair, woolly — Camelet. 

Cambric, fine linen, it was first made at — Camhray. 

Camphire, a gum — Camphire. 

Canal, n channel — Canal. 

Canary, a Canary bird from Canary isles —CAmri. 

Cancel, to ^e/izcf— Canceller. 

Cancer, an ulcer branching like a crab*s claws — Cancer. 

Canker, a crab fish or ulcer — Cancre. 

Candy, candy or candied — Candy, 


Canvas, cloth of hemp or flax — Canevas. 

Canvass, to. enquire intOy to search — Canvasser. 

Cane, a cane or reed — Canne. 

Canzonet, a little song — (Italian) Canzonet ta. 

Canoe, a7i Indian boat — Canot. 

Cannon, a great gun — Canon. 

Canteen, a place for bottles — Cantine. 

Canto, a divisiot^ in a book, a song also — (Italian) Canto. 

Canton, a province — Canton. 

Cantata, music for singing, (^c— (Italian) Cantata. 

Cape, a cape or point — Cap. 

Captain, in the army — Capitaine. 

Capitulate, to parley or ^re^f— Capituler. 

Corporal, in tlie army — Corporal. 

Caprice, whim — Caprice. 

Capuchin, monks of the order of St, Francis— Capudn. 

Character, a wz^rAr-r^Caractere. 

Caravan, a company of merchants — Caravane. 

Carat, consisting of four grains — Carat. 

Carack, a gallon — Caraque. 

Carcase, a dead body — Carcasse, 

Card, to card or prepare wool — Carder. 

Cardinal, a principal — Cardinal. 

Cardinal virtues are Justice, Prudence, Temperance, and 

Careen, to careen a ship — Carener. 

Caress, to make much of — Caresser. 

Carmine, a fine red colour — Carmin. 

Carminatives, that expels wind — Carminatif. 

Carnage, slaughter — Carnage. 

Carnival, shrove-tide- Carnival. 

Carrot, a garden root — Carote. 


Carousing, hard drinking — Carousse» 

Career, course or race — Carri^re. 

Card, paper — Carte, cliarta. 

Cartel, terms or stipulations between enemies — CarteL 

Cartoon, pasteboard — Carton. 

Cartridge, a charge for a small gun -Cartouche. 

Caraway, one of the four hot seeds sold in shops— C^r^i. 

Case, a case or exigence — Cas. 

Cassock, a surtout or gown — Casaquc. 

Cascade, a waterfall — Cascade. 

Casque, a helmet — Casque. 

Cashier, to ^reoA:— Casser. 

Casket, a little box — Cassette. 

Casual, accidental — Casuel. 

Casuist, that solves cases — Casuist. 

Catacomhes, subterraneous tombs — Catacombes. 

Cavalry, horse soldiers — Cavalrie. 

Cavalier, a trooper, a spark — Cavalier. 

Cave, a cellar or vault — Cave. 

Cavil, sophistical reason — Cavillation. 

Cause, to occasion — Causer. 

Caustic, burning — Caustique. 

Cauterise, ta sear or burn — Cauteriser. 

Caution, bail or surety — Caution. 

Cede, to yield — Ceder. 

Cedar, a cedar tree — Cedre. 

Conceal, to hide — Celer. 

Celery, a species of parsley — Celeri. 

Celibacy, a single life — Celibat. 

Cinders, cinders er ashes — Cendres. 

Censure, reproof — Censure. 

Cerate, made of oil, wax,^ and Qther ingrtdients--CerdU 


Circle, a ring or hoop— Cercle. 

Chase, io hunt — Chasser. 

Chagrin, ^ne/*— Chagrin. 

Chain, to fasten or secure, also to enslave — Chaine. 

Chair, pulpit — Chair, 

Chaise, a chair or seat — Chaise. 

Chamade, a parley — Chamade. 

Chamber, a retired room in a house — Chanibre. 

Chamois, a wild goat — Chamois, 

Champion, a field of battle — Champ. 

Chance, hazard — Chance. 

Chancel, the eastern part of a church — Chancel. 

Chandelier, a candlestick — Chandelier. 

Chandler, a seller of candles, S^x. — Chandelier. 

Change, to exchange — Changer. 

Canon, a prebendary — Chanoine. 

Chaunt, a singing — Chant. 

Chaos, confusion — Chaos. 

Chaplet, a garland — Chapelet. 

Chapel, a place for divine worship — Chapelle. 

Chapter, the division of a book, an assembly '-^VXi^^'iXve, 

Capon, a castrated cock — Chapen. 

Chariot, a covered four wheeled carriage — Char., 

Charge, a /(?«£?— Charge. 

Carriage, a vehicle to convey persons or goo</5*-Chariage. 

Cart, a waggon with four wheels — Chariot, 

Charity, love — Charity. 

Charlatan, a quack or cheat — Charlatan. 

Charm, to enchant — Charmer. 

Charnel-house, where the bones of the dead are deposited — 

Carron, a carcase — Charonge. 


Carpenter, io hack and hew — Charpenter. 

Carter, a carman — Chartier, 

Cart,* a cart with two t^A^e/*— Charette. 

Charter, an old title — Chartre. 

Chace, hunting — Chasse. 

Cliaste, pure — Chaste. 

Chastity, honesty , purity — Chastete. 

Cat, a domestic animal — Chat. 

Castle, a place fortified by art or nature — Chateau. 

Chastise, to punish — Chatier. 

Chatellany, the district belonging to a castle — ^^Chatelenie, 

Castrate, to castrate an animal — Ch^trer. 

Chafe, to grow if;arm— Chauffer. 

Causeway, a hank or highway — Chaussee. 

Chief, a head — Chef. 

Chef d'ouvre, a master piecC'r-'Chef &ou\te. 

Chimney, the funnel through which smoke ascends — 

Chemise, a shirt— Chtmht, 
Cheer, entertainment — Chere. 
Cherish, to love or cherish — Cherir. 
Cherubim, cherubs — Cherubim. 
Caitiff, mean — Chetif. 
Cheval de frise, a ruffled horse, iron 5/?iA:f5— Cheval de 

Chivalry, to prop or bear m/? — Chivaler» 
Chevalier, a knight — Chavalier. 
Chicanery, to perplex — Chicaner. 
Chimera, imagination — Chimere. 
Chocolate, composed of nut y sugar, and vanilla — (Spanish) 

Choir, a company or band of singers — Choeur. 


Choice, to choose -^Choiser, 

Chom^lub, to rest or cease from work—Chotnxntf. 

Chop, to strike with a cleaver, axe, or chopping hnip — 

Christianize, to make a christian — Christianiser. 
Cider, made from the juice of apples — Cidre. 
Ceiling, a canopy, the sky — Ceil. 
Circuit, circumference or compass — Circuit. 
Circulate, to move rouitd— Circuler. 
Citadel, a fort — Citadelle. 
City, a city or town — Cite. 
Cite, to summon to appear — Citer. 
Cistern, a receptacle for water — Citernci. 
Citron, a lemon — Citron. 
Clear, shining — Clair. 
Claret, clear red twne—- Clairet. 
Class, a rank or order — Classe. 
Clench, the latch of a door — Clenche. 
Clerk, a clergyman, or scholar-^QXeic, 
Clergy, the whole body of Divines — Clerg6. 
Client, one who employs a lawyer — Client. 
Climate, a clime — Cliraat. 
Click, to clack as a clock — Cliqueter. 
Cloister, a monastery for the religious — Cloitre. 
Close, shut — Clos. 
Coagulate, to congeal — Coajuler. 
Coach, a carriage of pleasure, and state — Cochc. 
Cuckold, one married to an unfaithful woman — Cocu. 
Codicil, a supplement to a uAll — Codicille. 
Coffer, a trunk — Coffre. 

Cohort, a troop of soldiers 500 strong— Cohorie^ 
Coif, a hood-^Coiffe^ 


Coin, to beat or maul, or coin — Coigner, 

Corner, an angle, or secret, or private place — Corner. 

Choler, anger — Ciiol^re. 

Clioleric, passionate — Colerique. 

Colic — affecting the bowels — Colique. 

Collation, comparing one thing with another — Collation. 

College, a set of men set apart for learning — College. 

Colleague^ a co'partner — Collegue. 

Collar, an ornament for the neck — Collier, 

Collision, a dashing together — Collision. 

Colonel, the commander of a regiment — Colonel. 

Colures, two great circles intersecting at the poles — Colures. 

Combat, to fight — ^Combatlre, 

Combine^ to join together — Combiner. 

Combustion, a conflagration — Combustion. 

Qom\c2i\, fit for comedy — Comique, 

Committee, a number of persons to whom any thing is re* 

f erred— Con\\iL 
Conmiand, to order or oblige — Commander. 
Commence, to begin any thing — Commencer. 
Comment, to write commcw/s— Commenter. 
Comet, a blazing star — Com^te. 
Commonalty, the country people — Communaute. 
Communicable, that which may be I'^zparfec?— Communica- 
Company, many persons assembled — Compagnie. 
Comparison, the state of a thing compaj^ed — Comparaison. 
Compart, to divide — Cpmparter. 

Compartment, a division of any thing — Com|>artement. 
Compass, to surround — Compasser. 
Compassion, a feeling of sorrow — Compassion. 
Compatibility, agreement — Compatibilite. 


Compatriot, of the same country — Compatriote. 
Compeer, an equal in rank — Compere. 
Complain, tojlnd fault ivith — Complaindre. 
Complaint, grief — Complainte. 
Complaisance, a civil behaviour — Complaisance. 
Complaisant, polite — Complaisant. 
Compliment, a profession of great est eent'-^ComipWm^Tii, 
Compline, the last act of worship at night — Complaina. 
Complot, a plot or ill design — Complot. 
Complot, to complot together — Complotter. 
Comply, to consent — Complier. 
Comport, to suit — Comporter. 

Compositor, he that works at the printing cflit?— Com- 
Comprehensible, capable of being known — Comprehensible. 
Comprise, to contain — Comprendre. 
Compt, to add tf/?— Compter. 
Comrade, a companion — Comarade. 
Conceive, to form or imagine — Concevoir. 
Concert, to contrive-^Coucerler, 
Concentre, to tend the same way — Concentrer. 
Concern, to relate or belong to — Concerner. 
Concubinage, cohabiting — Concubinage. 
Condescendence, good-natured — Condescendance. 
Conduct, management — Conduite. 
Conduit, a pipe — Conduite. 
Conference, to settle a dispute — Conferance. 
Confess, to acknowledge — Confesser. 
Confine, to limit — Confiner. 
Confiture, sweetmeats — Confiture. 
Confront, toface one ano/Afr— Confronter. 
Conge, a compliment "^Con^^i, : :1 


Conjoin, to join together — Conjoindre. 

Conjuncture, an union — Conjuncture. 

Connoisseur, a judge, or cn7tc— Connoisseur. 

Conquest, success — Conqueste. 

Contain, to hold — Contener. 

Constrain, to conjine — Constraindre. 

Contented, satisfied^ Content^. 

Contemporary, oj the same time — Contemporain. 

Contest, to strive — Contester. 

Contour, of a face —Contour. 

Contraband, goods pi'ohibited-^iltdLlhn) Conlrabando. 

Contrariant, contrariety — Cantrariant. 

Contrast, one against another — Contraste. 

Contrive, to invent — Controuver, 

Control, to examine or check — Controller. 

Convoy, to protect — Convoyer. 

Conusance, knowledge, cognisance — Connoissance. 

Coom, the soot that gathers at ovens — E'cume. 

Cooped, a sort of dance — Coupe^. 

Copse, small woods often cut — Coupeaux. 

Coquet, a pretended lover — Coquette, 

Corant, a (/tfwce— Courant. 

Corbe, crooked — Courbe, 

Corbeil, a basket — Corbeille. 

Cordwainer, a skoemakej^—Cordoimkr. 

Cormorant, that preys upon fish — Cormorant, 

Cornet, a horn — Cornet te. 

Cornice, of a chimney — Corniche. 

Corporal, an inferior officer — Corporal. 

Corporal, relating to the body — Corporel. 

Corps, a body of soldiers — Corps. 

Calico, cotton c/(;M— Calcutta. 


Corsair, a pirate — Corsair. 

Cotton like, soft — Cottoneux, 

Cost, to he bought at — Couster. 

Cotton tree — Cottonier. 

Cove, a small harbour — Couvrir. 

Cotton, the dawn of the cotton tree — Colon. 

Covert, sheltered — Convoiter. 

Covet, eagerly desired — Convoiter. 

Covey, a hatch of partridges — Couvee. 

Covin or covine, an agreement Convenir. 

Covin, the projecture of a building — Couvir. 

Counsel, to give advice — Conseiller. 

Count, to number— Compter. 

Count, a reckoning — Compte. 

Count, a nobleman — Comte. 

Countenance, the form of a face — Contenance. 

Counter, a small piece of money — Contoir. 

Counter, contrary to — Contre. 

Counterfeit, forged — Contrefaire. 

Countermand, to contradict— Con\x^m'3L\\Act, 

Countermarch, to march back — Contremarcbef. 

Countermine, to frustrate a design — Contreminer. 

Countermure, to build a wall close to anot her '^ConireimuT. 

Counterpoise, to counterbalance — Contrepeser. 

Counterscarp, a ditch next a camp — Contrescarpe, 

Counterseal, to underseal, or cowj^rm— Contresceller. 

Contravene, to come against — Contrevenir. 

Countess* the wife of a count — Countesse. 

Contra-dance, one against another — Contre-clance, 

County, a part of a country^ 40 in England — Comply 

Couple, a chain — Couple, 

Courage, va/owr—^ Courage, 


Courageous, valiant — Courageux. 
Courant, runnings — Courant. 
Courier, a messenger — Courier. 
Course, a progress — Cours. 
Court, of King's bench — Cours. 
Court, or woo — Courtiser. 
Courteous, kind, affable — Courtois. 
Courtesy, favour — Courtoisie. 
Courtier, an attendant on a court — Courtisan. 
Courtesan, a prostitute — Conrtesane. 
Cousiu, a title of relation — Cousin. 
Coward, a timid person — Couard. 
Cuckoo, a bird well known — Coucou. 
Cramp, spasms — Crampe. 
Cranny, a chink — Creneau. 
Crack, a cracking noise — Crac. 
Crape, a mourning hat band — Crepe^ 
Crash, to make a loud noise — Craquer, 
Cratch, a manger or crib — Creche. 
Cravat, a neckcloth — Cravate. 
Craw-fish, like a lobster — Ecrevisse. 
Crayon, a pencil — Crayon. 
Craze, crushed or bruised — Ecraser. 
Cream, the best part of milk — Crenie. 
Credit, ho?ior, esteem-^-CrediU 
Creature, or person — Creature 
Crevice, an opening — Crevasse, 
Creek, a small bay — Crique. 
Cresset, a beacon — Croisset. 
Crick or Creak, to make a noise — (Itahan) Cricco. 
Crier* one that proclaims publicly — Crier. 
Crimson, a deep red colour — (Italian) Creuiobino. 



Critic, the art of judging on hooks — Critique. 

Croisade, a holy wa7\ a cross on the clothes — Croix. 

Crook, any thing lent — Croc. 

Crutch, for support mude thus t, a sheephook — Crochet. 

Crosier, the pastoral staff, cross like — Crosier. 

Crescent, or half moon — Croissant. 

Cross, of Christ — Croix. 

Crotchet, in music, hence crutch thus t — Crochet. 

Crucifix, a likeness of our Saviour on the cross — Crucifix. 

Crouch, to stoop — Crochuen 

Cruelty, rigour — Cruaut^. 

Croup, the rump — Croupe. 

Crudity, rawness — Crudite. 

Cruise, to sail after an enemy -^Croiser. 

Crucify, to fix to n cross — Crucifier. 

Crash, to crush to pieces — Craquer. 

Cry, to proclaim or publish — Crier. 

Crust, of ftreflc?— Crouste, 

CufF, a boos given on the ear — (Itah'an) Zuffa, 

CufF, a part of a sleeve — CoefFe. 

Cuirass, a part of defensive armour — Cuirassc. 

Cuish, the armour that covers the thigh — Cuisse. 

Cull, to pick or choose out of a number — CueiHir. 

Cullion, a mean dirty scow7i</re/— (Italian) Coglione. 

Cultivate, to manure the ear/A— Cultiver. 

Culverin, a slender piece of ordinance — Coulevrin. 

Cupola, a spherical vault — (Italian) Cupola. 

Curb, to restrain — Curber. 

Curfew, an evening bell, to coverfires^^Qo\xvxekn, 

Curlew, a waterfowl — Courlieu. 

Curiosity, inquisitiveness — Curiosite. 

Curmudgeon, a miser — Coeur-merchaiit. 


Curvet, to leap or frisk — (Italian) Corvettare. 
Custom, practice f fashion — Coutume. 
Cutlas, a broad cutting sword — Coutelas. 
Cutler, one that makes knives — Coutelier. 
Curedent, a tooth picker — Curedent. 


JLf A CAPO, when the first part of a tune is to be repeated 

from the beginning — (Italian) Da Capo. 
Dace, afish like a roach — Derceau. 
Dag, a dagger — Dague. 

Daisy, an early flower in spring, a cflwop^— Dais. 
Dally, to trifle or put o/f— -Delayer. 
Dam, formerly signified a mother — Dame. 
Damage, mischief — Domage. 

Damsel, formerly a lady of distinction — Damoisselle. 
Dance, to move in a graceful attitudc'-^DsLnser. 
Dandelion, the name of a plants lion*s tooth — Dent-de-lion. 
Dandiprat, a little fellow — Dandrin. 
Danger, hazard, risk — Danger. 
Dart, a small lance — Dard. 
Daub, to spoil or make dirty — Dauber. 
Debark, to come out of a ship — Debarquer. 
Debate, a dispute — Debat. 
Debate, to dispute — Debattre. 
Debauch, to seduce — Debaucher. 
Debonair, lively — Debonnaire. 
Decadency, decay — Decadence. 
Decamp, to shift a camp or more o^— Decampcr. 
Decay, to lessen its value — Dechoir. 

Decipher, to explain — ^Dechiffer. 

Decry, to censure — Cecrier. 

Deface, to destroy — Defaire. 

Defailance, failure — Defaillance. 

Defalcate, to cut off — Defalquer. 

Default, neglect — Defaut. 

Defeasance, to disannul — Defaisance. 

Defeat, to iefl^— Defaire. 

Defensive, only proper for defence — Defensif. 

Deference, regard or respect — Deference. i-'kJL 

Defiance, a challenge — Deii. 

Deflour, to ravish — Deflorer. H^ 

Defray, to pay expenses — Defrayer. 

Defy, to challenge, to fight— Defter, 

Deglutinate, to ungliie — Degiuer. 

Degrade, to lessen the value — Degrader. 

Degree, rank — Degre. 

Deity, to make a god — Deifier. 

Deign, to condescend— Y>e\gx\et. 

Deist, who denies a revelation — Deist. 

Deity, God y the divine Being — Deite. i 

Delay, to pvt o^— Delayer. 

Delicate, ^we, dainty — Delicat. 

Delicious, giving exquisite pleasure — Delicicux. 

I>eUver, to free from danger, or give /o^-Delivrcr, 

Deliverance, the act of giving i/jp~ Deliverance. 

Deluge, ajiood — Deluge. 

Demand, claim — Demande. 

Domain, claimed hy a superior /{>r^— Domain. 

Demand, to ask with authority — Demander. 

Demean, to behave^ to undervalue — Demener. 

Demerit, want of merit — Demerite. 


Demerit, to deserve blame — Demeriter. 
Demise, turned out, dead, removed — Dcmis. 
Demise, bequeath at ones death — Demettrc. 
Demur, to delay — Demurrer. 
Demy, one half — Demi. 
Denounce, to threaten — Denoncer, 
Density, thickness — Densite. 
Depaint, to describe — Depeindre. 
Depart, to go away, a departure — Partir. 
Department, a going away — Depart. 
Dependence, connexion — Dependance. 
Dependent, subject to another — Dependant, 
Deport, to behave ones self — Deport. 
Deportment, conduct- DeporiemenU 
Depurate, to purify — Depurer. 
Deputation, sending some owe— Deputation. 
Deputy, one that does business for another — Depute. 
Derision, raillery — Derision. 
Deray, tumult, confusion — Derayer. 
Derive, to descend from^^Detiver. 
Dernier, last — Dernier. 
Derogate, to lessen — Deroger. 
Descani» disputation, a song — (Italian) Descanto. 
Descry, to examine — Descrier. 
Desire, to wish — Desirer. 
Despair, loss of hope — Desespoir. 
Despite, mflZice— -Despit. 
Despotic, absolute — Despotique. 
Despotism, absolute power — Despotisme, 
Dessert, the last course — Dessert. 
Destiny, fortune — Destiuce. 
Detach, to separate — Detacher. 

c 2 


Detail, to relate a fad — Delailler. 

Detersive, having tke power to c/e«w— Detersif. 

Detestation, disiiking — Detestation. 

Detaiiider, a writ to detain in custody — Detainder. 

Develop, to uncover — Developer. 

Device, a contrivance — Devise. 

Devoid, empty — Vuide, 

Devoir, a duty or service — Devoir. 

Devotee, a hisrot — Devot. 

Diamond, a pellucid jem — Diamant. 

Diaper, linen cloth woven in figures — Diapre. 

Dieu & mon droit, God and my right — Dieu k nion droit, 

Diniitty, a sort of cotton stuff— D^miiXQ* 

Dine, to take the dinner — Diner. 

Disagree, not to please — Disagreer. 

Disabuse, to undeceive — Desabuser. 

Disaccord, to untune — Disaccorder. 

Disadvantage, to wrong — Desavantage. 

Disappoint, to supersede — Desappointer. 

Disapprove, disliked — Desapprouver. 

Disaster, misfortune — Desastre. 

Disavow, to refuse — Desavouer, 

Disbark, to put on shore — Debarquer. 

Disburse, to sptnd — Debourser, 

Discharge, vent, explosion — Decharge. 

Discontinue, to separate — Discontinuer. 

Discover, to make known — Decouvir. 

Discourse, to converse — Discourir. 

Discredit, disgrace— Descredit. 

Discreet, modest -^I>\scx^X, 

Discursive, in perpetual motion — DiscursivCo 

Disdain, confewp^-^Dedain. 


Discuss, to examine — Discuter, 

Disembroil, to free from disorder — Debrouiiler. 

Disgorge, to i;omiY— Degorger. 

Disgrace, shame — Disgrace. 

Disguise, to conceal Desguiser. 

Disgust, an aversion — Degout. 

Dishabille, an undress — Dishabille. 

Dishevel, to spread hair abroad — Desheveller. 

Disjoin, to separate — Dejoindre. 

Disloyal, false — Desloyal. 

Dismay, to discourage — (Spanish) Desmayo. 

Dismount, to unhorse, Demonter. 

Disorder, want of method — Desordre. 

Dispatch, to send one away //as^^*/y— Depecher. 

Dispense, to distribute — Dispenser. 

Display, to spread abroad — Desplayer. 

Dispose, to employ or give — Disposer. 

Distress, things seized or distrained — Destresse. 

Diversify, to make different — Diversifier, 

Divertisement, diversion — Divertissement. 

Divisibility, being divisible — Divisibility. 

Diurnal, a day book — Diurnal. 

Doge, a supreme magistrate — (Italian) Doge. 

Donative, a gift — Donatife. 

Dormant, sleeping — Dormant. 

Dorture, a dormitory — Dortoir. 

Double, joined in pairs — Double. 

Doublon, a Spanish coid — Doublon. 

Doubt, to fear or suspect — Doubter. 

Dowager, a widow with a jointure— Dou2kiiire. 

Dozen, twelve different things — Douzaine. 

Dragon, a serpent — Dragon, 


Drain, to draw off water-^TmrnT. 
Dress, to put on clothes — Dresser. 
Due, as a debt — DCi. 
Dulcify, to sweeten — Dulcifier. 
Dungeon, a close prison — Donjon. 
Duresse, imprisonment — D uresse. 
Duchess, the lady of a Duke — Duchesse, 


Jci AGLE, a bird of prey — Aigle. 
Ease, freedom from care — Aise. 
Eclaircissement, explaining — Ecciaircissement. 
Eclat, splendor — Eclat, 
Ecurie, a stable — Ecuri6. 
Efface, to destroy or blot out — Effacer. 
Effectual, producing the object — Effectual. 
Effectuate, to bring to pass — Effectuer. 
Effrontery, great boldness — Effronterie. 
Eglantine, a kind of wild rose — Esglanline* 
Egrette, an ornament of ribbons — Egretle, 
Elance, to dart — Elancer. 
Elogy, praise — Eloge. 

Embalm, to preserve dead bodies — Embaumer. 
Embark, to put on ftoflrrf— Embarquer. 
Embarrass, to perplex — Embarrasser. 
Embellish, to adorn — Embeller. 
Emblaze, to adorn or paint — Blazoner. 
Emboss, to form into knobs — Bosse. 
Embrace, to hold or clasp — Embrasser. 


Embrasure, holes in batteries- — Embrazure. ; .i^j^ii^al^ 

Embroidure, to border with orwam^n^— Border. 

Embroil, to disturb — Brouiller. 

Emerald, a precious stone — Emeraude. 

Emotion, a violent «^rM»*^/e-— Emotion. 

Empannel, names on a square of parchment — Panne«u> 

Emparlance, conference of a jurj/^-FsLthr, 

Emperor, a title of honour — Empereur. 

Empire, imperial power — Empire* 

Employ, on commission — Employer. jl 

Empoison, to destro7/—Em^ohoner, 'f 

Empoverisb, to make poor — Pauvre. 

Enamour, to love a per son-r- Aimer ^ 

Enceinte, pregnant — Enceinte. 

Enchain, to fasten with chains — Enchaiiier. 

Enchant, to delight — Enchanter.^ 

Enchase, to adorn — ;Enchasser. 

Enclose, to surround — Enclos. 

Encore, again — Encore. 

Encounter, fight, or chance — Encontre. 

Encourage, to animate — Encourager. 

Encamp, to form a camp — Camper. 

Encumber, to load, to stop — Encombrer. 

Endive, a species of succory — Endive. 

Endorse, to write on the 6<7C^-- Endosser. 

Endamage, to hurt — Endommager. 

Enemy, a foe — Enemi. 

Enfilade, in a straight line —Enfilade. 

Eiiforce, to give strength to — Enforcer. 

Engage, to fight ^ to encotinte?'— Engager. 

Engender, to form or produce — Engendrer. 

Engine, an useful instrument — Engin. 


Engineer, an officer in the army — Ingenieur. 

Englut, to swallow up — Engloutir. 

Eiigiafc, to insert into another Jow— Greffien 

Engrail, edges ragged or notched — Grele hail. 

Engrave, to cut metal in JlgureS'-^Engr^ver^ 

Engross, to seize upon the whole — Grossir, 

Enhance, to raise the value or price — Enhausser. 

Enjoin, to order or direct — Enjoindre. 

Enj^y* to delight, to gladden — Jouir. 

Ennoble, to dignify — Ennoblir. 

En passant, bi/ the way — En passant. 

Enrage, to put in a passion — Enrager. 

Enroll, to write his name in a list— Enroller. 

Ensample, copy, j^flf^^rw— (Italian) Essempio. 

Ensue, to follow after — Ensuirre. 

Entablature, the architrave, frize, and cornice — Entablature* 

Entail, limited or abridged— Ent2Li\lL 

Enter, to make an appearance — Eutrer. 

Enterprise, a dangerous undertaking — Entreprise, 

Entertain, to employ or treat — Entretenir. 

Entire, the ivhole — ^Entien 

Entiluler, to ew^i7/e— Entituler. 

Entrails, the intestines or guts — Entrailles. 

Envoy, a deputy — Envoy 6. 

Envy, to grieve at — Envier. 

Entrance, a passage or flrenwe— Entree. 

Entrap, to catch in a trap — Attraper. 

Entreat, to ask with humility — Traiter. 

Entry, or passage to a house — Entre^. 

Envelop, to inwrap or cover — Enveloper. 

Envelope, a cover — Envelope, ^ 

Environ, to surround — Environner. 


Environs, tke neighbourhood-^^uy'irons. 
Envoy, a deputy — Envoye. 
Envy, to grieve at others success — Envier. 
Equerry, one that rides abroad with the king — Ecurie. 
Equip, to dress out or accoutre — Equipper. 
Equipage, furniture for a horse — Equipage* 
Equitable, just, impartial — Equitable. 
Equivocate, to use a double meaning — Equivoqucr. 
Erase, to scratch out any thing written — Raser. 
Escalade, scaling a wall or fort — Escalade* 
Escalop, flatter and larger than a cockle — ^Escalope. 
Escape, to avoid any inconvenience — Echappen 

Eschalot, a plant with a bulbous root — Eschalot. 
Escheat, land that falls by forfeiture — Echoir. 
Eschew, to avoid or sAwn—- Escheoir. 

Escort, to guard or protect by sea or /and — Escorter. 

Espalier, planted in rows — Espalier. 

Espouse, to contract in w/zrriflg'c— Espouser. 

Espy, to see a thing at a distance — Espier* 

Esquire, the armour bearer of a A:wig*A<— Escuycr. 

Essay, to try or attempt — Essayer. 

Essoine, to excuse, or wipe off or away — Essuyer. 

Establish, to confirm or ratify — Etablir. 

Establishment, a confirmation — Establissemcnt. 

Estate, condition — Etat. 

Estimable, valuable — Estimable. 

Estrade, an alcove, or public road — Estradc. 

Estrange, to keep at a distance — Estranger. 

Estrepement, spoil on land — Estropier. 

Etape, a staple or pablic warehouse — Etape. 

Eternal, /or ever, existing — Eternal. 

Evidence, testimony — Evidence. 


Exalt, to raise on ^lo-^— Exalter. 

Excessive, greaty vehement — Excessif. 

Exchange, to give one thing for another — Exchanger. 

Exchequer, an ancient court of r^cor^ —Ecliiquier. 

Expedient, proper to attain any end — Expedient. 

Eyelet, a hole through which light en^er^—Oeilet. 

Fabulist, a writer of falles—^^hwMt. 

Facet, a small surface — Facette. 

Factor, an agent — Facteur. 

Fade, to grow weak — Fade. 

Fail, to grow deficient — Faillir, 

Faith, helief—Vol 

Fair, a public meeting-^Foire. 

Falchion, a short crooked sword— F^xxchon, 

Falcon, a bird of pre?/-— Faucon. 

Falsify, to misrepresent — Falsifier. 

Falter, to sfammer— (Spanish) Faltar. 

Fanfaron, a &mZ/?/— Fanfaron. 

Fardel, a bundle— (li'dlmn) Fardello. 

Fascine, faggots— T^sciue, 

Fatality, a decree of fate — Fatality. 

Fatuity, foclishness — Fatuit6. 

Faucet, a wooden pipe — Fausset. 

Falsehood, lying-- Faussel^, 

Fault, a slight defect or crime — Faule. 

Favourite, looked upon kindly — (Italian) Favoriia, 

Fealty, duty due from any person— Vi(\eM, 


feasible, mck as may he done — Faisible. 
FeaU o, thing done — Fait. 
Felony, rebellion — Felonie. 
Feeble, weak — Foible. 
Feign, to invent — Feindre. 
Feint, a meer shew — Feint. 
Female, that which has young — Femelle. 
Femee covert, a married woman — Feme coverte. 
Femesole, an unmarried woman — Femesole. 
Feodal, held from another — Feodal. 
Festoon, a garland of flowers — Feston. 
FeofFed, held from u superior lord — Infeode. 
Feuillage, a hunch of /eare^— Feuillage. 
Feuillemort, the colour of faded leaves — Feuillemort. 
Fever, a disease — Fievre, 
Fewel or fuel, to keep up afire — Feu. 
Fibrous, small threads orfihres — Fibreux. 
Fife, a small pipe Mown like the German flute— V\(rc. 
Financer, one that collects /fla7e5— -Financier. 
Fine, nice, exquisite, to end, enfin — Fin, enfin. 
Finesse, a sly artful stratagem-^Yinesse, 
Fitzroy, son of a king — Fitz-roy. 
Fixity, a strong cohesion of parts— Fixiie, 
Flagelet, a small flute — Flageolet. 
Flagon, a sort of hottle^Fhcon, 
Flank, to attack the side of an army, Sfc.-^Fhnc. 
Flask, a thin hottle with a long neck— V\^si[\xt» 
Flatter, to compliment — Flater. 
Fletcher, a maker of hoivs and arrows — Flecher. 
Float, to sivim on the waier-'^FloUer, 
Florist, a poison fond of flowers — Fleurist. 
Flower-de-luce, the lily — Fleur-de-lis. 



Fluidity, the quality of flowing — FJuidite. 

Flute, a ivind instrument — Flute. 

Foist, to interpolate falsely — Fausser. 

Foilage, flowers^ hranches, or leaves — Feuillage. 

Folly, a weakness — Folic. 

Fontanel, an issue to discharge humours — Fontanelle* 

Forage, provisions for horses and cattle — Fourrage, 

Force, power, vigour ^ strength^F or ce. 

Foreign, i^emote^ not allied — Forein. 

Forester, one that lives in aforest — Foretier. 

Forfeit, liable to he seized — Forfait, 

Forfeiture, trespass, offence — Forfaiture. 

Forge, to counterfeit — Forger. 

Formalist, one that seems what he is not — Fornialiste. 

Formalize, to he fond of ceremony — Foniialiser. 

Formulary, a hook of rules for doing any thing — Formu- 

Forf, a little castle or fortress — Fort, 
Fortify, to make strong — Fortifier. 
Fortress, a strong hold — Fortresse, 
Foundery, a place where metal is cast — Fonderie. 
Foy, faith, allegiance — Foi. 
Freshness, refreshing, coolness — Fraischeur. 
Fraise, a pancake with bacon — Fraise. 
Franchise, a privelege — Franchise. 

Frank, llheral, generous, a French coin 20 Sous or 10d» 
Franc, is the same as a litre — lOd. 
Fray, a batik or fight — Effrayer. 
Freiglit, a cargo on board a ship — Fretement. 
French, belonging to jPr/7?2 re— Franc. 
Fresh, shade or coolness— {W'dXvdw) Fresco. 
Fresh, not sour or vajrid -^TrmcliQ* 


Friar, a brother of some regular or6?er— Frere. 

Frieze, a com^se woollen cloth — Drap de frieze. i 

Fritter, a small pancake fried — Friture, :) 

Frizzle, to curl hair — Frizer. > 

Frock, a close coat — Froc. 

Frontal, an ornament for the forehQad -T~¥roi\iddi 

Frontier, utmost limits— ftontkYQ. 

Frontispiece, fronting the f«7/e /?.'?^'e-— Frontispiece. 

Frown, to express displeasure — Frogner. 

Fructify, to make fruitful —Fructifier, 

Fmctnous, making ff^uitful — Fructuous, > 

Fruiterer, 07ie that sells fruit — Fruitier. 

Fumette, the smell of meat in cookery— Fwiweiie, 

Fumous, or fumy, producing smoke — ^Fumeux. 

Fur, skin with soft hair — Fourrure. 

Furbelow, plated silk or linen — Falbala. 

Furbish, to burfiish — Fourbir, 

Furl, to draw up the sail to the mast — Ferler. 

Furnish, to give for use — Fournir. 

Furniture, any goods — Faurniture. 

Fusee, a pipe filled with wildfire — Fuseau. 

Fusilier, one armed with a musque.t — Fusileer, 

Fusion, a melting — Fusion. 

Fustian, made of cotton stuff— -Fni^ine, 


Gabardine, a coarse f rock— (linlmi) Gavardina. 

Gabal, a tax or excise — Gabelle. 

Gabion, a wicker basket filed with earth — Gabioa. 


Gage, a pledge — Gage. 

Gage, wager — Gager. 

Gain, profit — Gain. 

Gain, to obtain profit — Gagner. 

Gall, to hurt — Galer. 

Gallant, gay — Galant. 

Gallantry, grandeur — Galanterie. 

Galleon, a large ship — Galion, 

Gallery, a covered place in a house — Galerie. 

Galley, a low built vessel — (Italian) Gallie. 

Galliard, a lively man — Galliard. 

Gallicism, the trench way of expression — Gallicism. 

Gallimatia, nonsense — Galimathies. 

Gallimaufry* harsh or hoch poch — Galimafree. 

Gallop, to ride quickly — Galoper. 

Gambado, a leather boot fixed to the saddle — (Italian) 

Gambol, to dance or «^/p— Gambiller. 
Gammon, the thigh of a hog — (Italian) Gambone. 
Gamut, a musical scale — (Italian) Gama. 
Gaol, a place of confinement — Geole. 
Garb, a dress — Garbe. 

Garble, to separate good from bad^'{lid\mi)G?ixhe\\?iXQ. 
Garboil, tumult — Garboville. 
Gard, care — Garde. 
Garden, planted with flowers — Jardin. 
Gardiner, one that tills a garden — Jardinier. 
Gargle, to wash the throat — Gargoulller. 
Garland, a sort of flowers — Garlande. 
Garner, where grain is kept — Grenier. 
Garnish, to embellish — Garnir. 
Garret, a room on the highest floor^-Gdlei^iS^ 


Garrison, soldiers f a* rfe/ewce— Garnisoii. 
Gaude, an ornament — Gaude. 
Grease, fat — Graisse. 

Gauntlet, an iron glove used for defence — Gantlet. 
Gavot, a lovely air — (Italian) Gavotta. 
Gay, brisk — Gay. 
Gender, to beget — Engendrer. 

Generalissimo, a supreme commander — General issime. 
Generality, the main body — Generalite. 
Generative, prolific— -Gener^tif, 
Geneva, distilled from Juniper berries — Genevre. 
Gentilesse, complaisance — Gentilesse. 
Gentilism, idolatry — Gentilisme. 
Gentility, good extraction — Gentilhommerie. 
Gentleman, of noble birth — Gentilhomme. 
Gibbet, a gallows — Gibet. 
Gibbosity, protuberance — Gibbosite . 
Ginger, an aromatic roof— (Italian) Gingero. 
Glaire, the white an of egg — Glaire. 
Glave, a broad sword — Glaive. 
Glean, to gather what is thinly scattered — Glaner. 
Gloss, a comment — Glose. 
Glue, to make a thing join — Gluer. 
Glut, to devour — Engluter. 
Glutinous, tenacious — Glutineux. 
Glutton, one that eats to excess — Glouton. 
Goal, a prison — Geole. 
Gobbie, to eat much — Gober. 
Goblet, a large cup — Gobelet. 
Goblin, a fairy — Gobelin. 
Gondola, aflat boat — Gondole. 
Gonfalon, an ensign; to sivell^—Gonfiew 

D 2 


Gorge, the throat — Gorge. 

Goriiiand, one eating to excess — Gourmand. 

Govern, to rule over as a parent — Gouverner. 

Gouge, a chlssel with a round edge — Gauge. 

Gourd, a creeping plant — Gourd. 

Gout, a pa infu I disease — G out te . 

Gusto, a taste — GoAt. 

Gown, a long upper garment — ([lalian) Gouna. 

Gracious, merciful— GrAQ\^w\. 

Gradual, advancing by steps — Graduel. 

Graft, the shoot of a tree — GrefFe. 

Grammercy, grant me mercy — Greffe. 

Grammar, rules for writing, Sfc. — Grammaire. 

Grammarian, skilful in grammar — Grammarien. 

Grandeur, pomp — Grandeur. 

Grange, a farm — Marsh- Grange. 

Grant, to allow or concede — Garantir. 

Grannam, a grand-mother — Grande-dame. 

Granulate, formed in grains — Granuler. 

Grape, a single herry of the vine — Grappe. 

Grapnel, a small anchor — Grapin. 

Grasp, the gripe of the ^awc?— (Italian) Graspare. 

Grate, a harsh sound — Gratter. 

Grater, a kind of file — Graton. 

Gratuity, a free gift — Gratuite. 

Gravel, gritty sand for walks — Gravelle. 

Graver, an engraver — Graveur. 

Grease, the soft part of the fat — Graisse. 

Greaves, armour for the legs — Greves. 

Grenadier, a tall soldier — Grenadier. 

Grenade, a hollow hall of iron — Grenade. 

Gride, to cut— (Italian) Gridare. 


Grieve, io afflict — Grever. 

Grill, to broil — Griller. 

Grimalkin, an old grey cat — Gris & Malkin. 

Grizzle, grey coloured — Gris. 

Grocer, one that sells groceries — Gross. 

Gross, large, thick — Gros. 

Grot, a cave or cavern — Grotle. 

Grotesque, unnatural — Grotesque. 

Group, a croud — Groupe, 

Gruel, a kind of broth — Gruelle. 

Guarantee, one that warrants — Guarant. 

Guard, a body of men to watch — Garde. 

Gudgeon, a small fish — Goujon, 

Guerdon, a reward — Guerdon. 

Guggle, to make a noise in the throat — (Italian) Gorgoliare. 

Guide, to direct — Guider. 

Guise, appearance — Guise. 

Guitar, a stringed instrument — (Spanish) Guitarra, 

Gulph, an abyss of great deep — Golfe. 

Gull, to cheat — Guiller. 

Gullet, the throat — Goulet. 

Gusset, something sewed on to strengthen i^—Gousset. 

Gusto, the relish of any thing — (Italian) Gusto. 


JljlABERGEON, a breastplate — Gaubergeon. 
Habiliment, dress — Habilement. 
Habitual, customary — Habituel. 
Hagard, lean, rvgged, tig/^— Hagard. 


Halbert, a long pole with a battle «a?— Halebarde. 

Halloo, to call out or shout — Haler. 

Harangue, to make a speech — Harangucr. 

Hardiment, courage — Hardiment. 

Hardy, holy^ have — Hardi. 

Harness, armour for a horse — Harnois. 

Harp, to play on the harp — Harper. 

Harpooner, one that throws the harpoon — Harponeur* 

Harrass, to weary — Harrasser. 

Harrow, to break the clods — Charroue. 

Hash, to mince — Hacher* 

Haste, hurry — Hate. 

Hasty, speedy — H-^tif. 

Hatchet, a small axe — Hatchette. 

Hauberk, a coat of mail — Hauberg. 

Haui^ht, proud --HowU 

haughty, insolent — Haughtaine. 

Haum, stalks of beans and peas ^ a farm — Home. 

Haunch, the thigh — Hanche. 

Haunt, to frequent — Hanter. 

Hautboy, (hoboy,) louder than the fiddle — Hautbois. 

Hazard, chance — Hazard. 

Helmet, a covering for the head — (Italian) Elmetto* 

Heibage, pasture or grass — Herbage. 

Hermitage, a cell or cot — Hermitage. 

Heroine, a brave female — Heroine. 

Heroism, bravery — Heroisme. 

Heron, a bird with long legs and neck — Heron. 

Hiccough, an uneasy motion of the diaphragm — Houcjuet, 

Hideous, shocking — Hideux. 

Hobby, a kind of hawk — Hobercan. 

Hoise, to lift on Ai^A— H^usser. 


Hollar to call fl/Ver— Hola. 

Honourable, worthy of respect — Honorable 

Hour, 60 iMiwMfes— Heure. 

Hoste, a person that keeps an Inn — Hote* 

Hostess, the mistress of an Inn — Hotesse. 

Hostility, open war — Hoslilite. 

Houlet, a young owl — Houlette. 

Hue and cry — Huee. 

Humane, kind — Huniain. 

Humble, hw minded — Humble. 

Humidity, moisture — Humiditc. 

Humility, lowliness of mind — Humility. 

Humorist, fanciful — Humoriste. 

Hypothetic, conditional — Hypothetique* 


tl ACKALL, that starts prey for the //on— Chacal, 

Jacket;^ a short eoat — Jacket. 

Jamb, a supporter or leg — Jambe. 

Jangle, to quarrel — Jangler. 

Jauntry, showy — Gentil. 

Jargon, words without ideas — Jargon, 

Jassemine, a tree with narrow leaves — Jasmin. 

Javelin, a spear — Javeline. 

Jaundice, a had state of blood — Jaunisse. 

Jargon, gihherish — Jargon. 

Identic, the same — Identique. 

Jealous, suspicious — Jaloux. 

Jealousy, vigilant or fearful— J^lomie. 


Jet, to shoot forward — Jetter. 
Jet dean, a fountain — Jet d^au. 
Jesus, a saviour — Jesus, 

Jig, a light quick dance or fwwe— (Italian) Giga. 
Illume, to supply with %A^>— Illumiijer. 
Imagine, to fancy — Imaginer, 
Immaterial, spiritual — Immateriel. 
Immediate, nothing between — Immediate. 
Immodest, obscene — Immodeste. 
Impair, to lessen — Empirer. 
Impeach, to hinder-- Empecher, 
Imperceptible, not to be seen — Imperceptible. 
Impenetrability, not to be joiVrcec?— .Impenetrabilite. 
Impenitence, not penitent — Impenitent. 
Imperishable, not to be destroyed— Im^emsMt. 
Important, of great weight — Important. 
Impost, a toll — Imp6t. 
Impostor, a cheat — Imposteur. 
Impoverish, to wake poor — Appauvir. 
Impregnable, not to be taken — Imprenable. 
Imprint, to make or stamp — Imprinter. 
Imprison, to confine in a jor/^ow— Emprisonner, 
Impropriety, not suitable — Impropriete. 
Impugn, to attack — Impugner. 
Impuissance, want of strength — Impuissance. 
Impulsive, having power to move — Impulsif. 
Inadvertency, inattention — Inadvertence. 
Inamissable, not to be lost — Inamissable. 
Inanition, emptiness — Inanition. 
Inarticulate, not distinct — Inarticulc. 
Inattention, negligence — Inattention. 
Incapable, wanting power — Incapable, 


Incarnadine, to die of a pdle red — (Italian) Incarnadino. 

Incarnative, producing flesh — Incarnatif. 

Incestuous, guilty of incest— Ince^sXexw, 

Incivility, rudeness — Incivility. 

Inclemency, cruel — Inclemenc^. 

Incompatible, irreconcileahle — Incompatible. 

Incongruity, ahsurdity — Incongruite. 

Incontestable, not to he disputed — Incontestable, 

Inconveniency, unfitness — Inconvenient. 

Incorporate, to mix together — Incorporer. 

Incorrigible, not to he mended — Incorrigible. 

Incumber, to perplex — Incombrer. 

Incurable, not to he cured — Incurable. 

Indecency, not hecoming — Indecence. 

Indeliberate, rash — Indeliberc. 

Indemnity, security — Indemnite. 

Independence, /reec?o»2— Independance. 

Indeterminate, uncertain-^lndeteYmmk, 

Indevotion, want of ardour — Indevotion. 

Indiction, a declaration — Indiction. 

Indign, not tvorthy or deserving — Indigne. 

Indiscreet, impi^udent — Indiscret. 

Indispensable, necessary — Indispensable. 

Indispose, to make unfit — Indisposer. 

Indissolubility, not to he separated — Indissoluble. 

Indivisible, single — Indivisible. 

Indociiity, disregarding instruction — Indocilite. 

Induced, lead — Induit. 

Indulgence, forbearance — Indulgence. 

Insult, fro?n indulge, a special favour — (Italian) Indulto. 

Inexplicable, not to he explained -Inexplicable. 

Infallibility, not to be cffceit'e^—Infallibilite. 


Infanta, a title of honour in Spain — (Spanish) Infanta. 4^ 

Infantry, foot soldiers — Infanterie, 

Inference, a conclusion from previous arguments — Inference. 

Infertile, barren — Infertile. 

Infirmary, a place for sick or wounded — Infirmerie. 

Ingenuity, acuteness of mind — Ingenuite. 

Inlieret, to possess hy right — Enheriter. 

Ink, with which we zt- ri7e— Encre. 

Innovator, one that makes alterations — ^Innovateur. 

Insensate, without thought of danger — Insense. 

Insensible, dull — Insensible. 

Insignificance, want of importance — Insignificant. 

Insinuant, one that creeps into favour — Insinuant. 

Insipidity, want of life or s;?in75— Incipidite. 

Instal, to advance to an office — Installer. 

Instigator, an inciter to crimes — Instigateur. 

Instructive, conveying of ktwwledge — Instructif. 

Insufficiency, want of power — Insuffisance. 

Insure, to make good losses — Assurer. 

Intaglio, stones with men's heads on — (Italian) Intaglio. 

Intendment, design — Entendement. 

Inter, to put under ground — Interrer. 

Interest, to concern — Interesser. 

Interlace, to intermix — Interlasser. 

Interlard, to mix ivith bacon — Interlarder. 

lulernient, a burial — Eiiterrenient. 

Interpose, to step between- Interposer. 

Interrogative, denoting a question — Interrogatif. 

Interview, mutual sight — Entrevue. 

Intone, to thunder — Intt)nner. 

Intoxication, drunkenness — In & loxicum, poison. 

Intrench, to fortify with ditches — In & trencher. 


Intrigue, a plot or amour — Intrigue. 

Invariable, not cAflMflfmo*— Invariable. 

Invalidity, want offeree — Invalidite. 

Inveigle, to allure — (Italian) Invogliare. 

Invent, to discover — Inventer. 

Inventress, a female inventor — Inven trice. 

Inventor, a contriver — Inventeur. 

Investiture, office or iewe/^cc— Investiture. 

Invoice, articles shipped on hoard — Envoyer. 

Involuntary, unwillingly — Involontaire. 

Jointure, an estate settled on a wife — Jointure, 

Jonquille, a yellow flower — Jonquille. 

Jostle, to rush — Jostle. 

Journal, a diary — Journal* 

Journey, the distance travelled in a day — Journee. 

Joust, fighting with spears — Jouster. 

Joy, gladness of mind — Joi, 

Jole, the face or cheek — Gueule, 

Joyous, glad — Joyeux. 

Irrefragable, not to be confuted — Irrefragable, 

Irreligion, want of religion — Irreligion. 

Irremediable, admitting no cure — Irremediable. 

Irremissible, not to he pardoned — Jrremissible, 

Irreproachable, hlameless — Irreprochable. 

Irresistible, above all 7'esistance — Irresistible. 

Irresolute, changing^-lntsold. 

Irreverent, not reverend to superiors — Irreverent. 

Issue, to pass out— Issuer, 

Itinerant, wandering — Itinerant. 

Judge, to decide a question — Juge. 

Judicature, the power of deciding cases — judicature. 

Jugg-le, to play tricks — Jougler. 


Jua'iaii, of a hull and mare — Jumart. 

Juucate, a cheese cake — Juncade, Junker. 

Junction, union — Jonclion. 

Junto, a cabal or conspiracy — (Italian) Junto. 

Ivory, the tusk of the elephant — I voire. 

Justify, to clear from any charge of guilt — ^^Justifier. 


J^EG, a small barrel — Caque. 
Kennel, a place where dogs sleep — Clienil. 
Kestrel, a bastard hawk — Quercelle. 
Ketch, a small vessel — (Italian) Caiccliis. 
Kickshaw, something contemptible — Quelque Chose. 
Kimbo, croo/cefif— (Italian) Aschembo. 

IjACE, a string or cord of thread, gold, or silver — Lacet. 

Lackey, a foot boy — Lacquais. 

Lair, the couch of a boar or wild beast — Lai. 

Laird, a Scotch Lord of a manor — Hlaford. 

Lamp, a light made of oil and wick — Lampe. 

Lanipas, jftesh in a horses W20?^//i— Lampas. 

Lancet, a small lance — (Italian) Lancetta. 

Lanch, to dart or throw — Lancer. 

Languet, shape of a tongue — Languette. 

Lantern, a case in which a light may he carried- Lanternc. 


Lapidary, one that cuts precious stones — Lapidaire. 
Larceny, stealing a person's goods — La rein. 
Lard, to stuff with bacon — Larder. 
Lardon, a bit of bacon — Lardon. 
Largess, a gift or present — Largesse. 
Lastage, custom paid for goods sold — Lestage* 
Latchet, the string to fasten the shoes — Lacet. 
Latinize, to use latin words — Latiniser. 
Latiludinarian, unconfined — Latitudinaire. 
Lattice, to mark with ci'oss strokes — Lattis. 
Lave, to throw up water — Laver. 
Laver, a vessel to wash any thing in — Lavoir. 
Launch, to force out to sea — Lancer. 
Lavolta, a capering — (Italian) Lavolta. 
Laxative, to make loose — Laxatif, 
Lay, a song or poem — Lay. 
Lazar, a leper — Lazarus. 

Lazar, a house or hospital for /^jofrs— (Italian) Lazaretto- 
League, containing thiee miles — Ligue. 
Lease, for a certain number of years — Laisser. 
Leaven, a ferment of something mixt — Levain. 
Lech, to lick over — Lecher. 
Lecture, a public discourse — Lecture. 
Lee, dregs or sediment — Lie. 
Legality, consistent with the laws — Legalise. 
Legate, a deputy Ambassador — (Italian) Legato. 
Legerdemain, slight of hand — Legerete de main. 
Legerity, nimbleness — Legerete. 
Legitimate, to make lawful — Legitimer. 
Legitimation, lawfulness of birth — Legitimation. 
Leguminous, consisting of pulse — Legumineux. 
Leisure, freedomfrom busiiiess — Loisir. 


Lemon, fruit of the lemon4ree — Limon. 

Lenify, to assuage — Lenifier. 

Lenitive, softening or emollient — Lenitif. 

Lentil, vetches — Lentil le. 

Lesson, a precept — Lecon. 

Lethargic, sleepj/ — Lethargique. 

Levant, the east, or sun rising — Levant* 

Levee, the time of rising — Levee. 

Levet, the sound of the trumpet — Lever, 

Levy, troops raised — ^Lever. 

Libertine, one acting without restraint — Libertin. 

Library, a collection of books — Libraire, 

Licentiate, to permit— Liceuiier* 

Licentious, unconfined — Licencieux. 

Lieutenant, a deputy — Lieutenant. 

Limn, to draw, or paint any thing — Enlumioer. 

Lineage, a race — Lignee, 

Linnet, a small singing bird — Linotte. 

Lintel, the upper part of a doorframe — Linteau. 

List, a catalouge — Liste. 

Literati, the learned — (Italian) Literati, 

Literature, learniug — (Italian) Literatura. 

Litigious, quarrelsome — Lit igieux. 

Litter, a carriage ivith a bed in it — Litiere. 

Livery, the giving or taking possession — Livrer. 

Livre, has 20 sols, each 12 deniers ; lOd. — Livre. 

Lixiviate, ashes of burnt vegitables washed — Lixivieux. 

Lizard, a small creeping creature cf green colour — Lizarde. 

Loach, a very dainty fish — Loche, 

Lobe, a division or distinct part for seeds — Lobe. 

Locket, a small lock — Loquette. 

Lodgement, accumulation or heaping up — Logement. 


Longitudinal, lengthwise — Longitudinal. 

Lottery, a public game at hazard — Loteria* 

Louis d'or, value 2ls. or 24 liures: pro: — Looi dore. 

Loyal, faithful and true to the King — Loyal. 

Lozenge, a figure of four equal sides — Losenge. 

Lubricity, slipperiness — Lubricity 

Lucrative, gainful — Lucratif 

LufF, to keep close to the wind — Louvoyer. 

Luminous, shining — Lumineux 

Lunation, the revolution of the moon — Lunaison. 

Lunette, a half moon in fortification — Lunette. 

Lunge, in fencing to make a push — AUonger. 

Lurch, to he left in distress, or the lurch — Lourch. 

Lure, an enticement , or alluring — Leurre. 

Lustre, splendour — Lfjstre. 

Lute, a stringed instrument — Lutli. 


JWlAC, signifies a son, the same as fit z, and put before sur^ 

names^-^Scoich and Irish. 

Macaroon, a sweet cake or biscuit — (Italian) Macarone. 

Mace, ensign of authority : mace or mass bearer — (Italian) 

Madam, is made up of thefrench, my lady — Madame. 

Mamesella, so pro: applied to ladies young or old — Made- 

Madrigal, an amorous song — (Italian) Madrigale. 

Magazine a stove house — Magazine. 

Magnanimity, greatness of soul — Magnanimilc* 

E 2 


Magnifico, a Grandee of Venice — (Italian) Magnifico. 

Mail, a coat of steel net work — Maille. 

Mainprise, friendly custody y taking hy the hand — Main- 

Maintain, to protect hy taking the /i«w«?— Maintenir. 

Maintenance, protection or defence — Maintenance* 

Major-domo, in the place of his master — (Italian) Major- 

Malady, a disease — Maladie. 

M^iX'Aniltxs, a disease in horses pasterns — (Italian) Melandare. 

Male, belonging to the he sex — Male. 

Malignant, envious — Malignant. 

lilalignity, malice— M?i\\gmiL 

Mallard, the drake among wild ducks — Malart. 

Malleable, capable of being hammered — Malleable. 

Mammiform, having the shape of a breast — Mammiforme. 

Manacles, chains for the hands — Manacles. 

Manage, to conduct or carry on, to train a horse — Manage. 

Management* conduct — Management. 

Manchineel, the juice of that tree, and very corrosive — 
(Spanish) Mancliinella. 

Mandrell, a wooden pulley — Mandrin. 

Mange, the itch or scab in cattle — Mangeaison. 

Manger, a place for the food of cattle — Mangeoir. 

Mango, afruit from Java brought pickled — Mangostan. 

Manifest, plain — Manifeste. 

Manifesto, a public declaration — (Italian) Manifesto. 

Manner, from method, custom, habit — Maniere. 

Manor, a rule a man has over them by holding courts, that 
hold lands in his fee — Manoir. 

Mantel, work raised to conceal a chimney — Mantel. 

Mantelet, a short cloak for ladies — Mantelet, 


Mantua-makers, for makers of gowns — Manteux. 
Manufacturer, who makes by the hand or arty work of the 

hand — Manufacturer. 
Manure, to cultivate or improve land — Manouvrer. 
Marble, a kind of stone used in statues, Sfc. — Marbre. 
Marcasite, a solid, bright, hard fossil — Marcasite. 
March, a grave and solemn walk — Marcher. 
Marcher, a president of the marches — Marcheur. 
Marshal, a chief commander of an army — Mareschal. 
Marine, sea affairs, or forces — la Marine. 
Mark, to make an impression — Marker. 
Marmelade, plums^ oranges and quinces boiled with sugar 

— Marmalade. 
Marmoset, a small monkey — Marmouset. 
Marquis, a title of honour next to a Duke — Marquis. 
Marquisate, the province of a Marquis — Marquisat, 
Marriage, lawfully united — Mariage. 
Marry, to join together lawfully — Marie r. 
Martin, a kind of swallow — Martinet or Martlet. 
Marlingal, a curb for a horse — Martingale, 
Marvel, a wonder — Merveille. 
Marvellous, strange — Merveilleux. 
Mash, to heat or bruise into a mass — Mascher. 
Mask, a cover for the face — Masque. 
Mason, one that builds a house, a house is Maison. 
Masonry, the performance of a mason — Maconerie. 
Masquerade, a public assembly — (Arabic) Masquirade. 
Mass, a bulk or gross body — Masse. 
Mass, signifies a festival before the Romish Christmas, 

use of it as an Oblation — Masse. 
Mass, F. Messe, L. Messa, H. Messiah, 
Massacre, to destroy many, or in a mass — Massacrer. 


Massive, heavi/, or in a great bulk — Massif, 

Mast, of a ship — Mat. 

Masticatory, to be chewed, not swallowed — Masticatoire. 

Mastiff, a large dog for guarding houses — Mastin. 

Masllin, wheat and rye mixed — Mesler. 

Matadore, a murderer — (Spanish") Matador. 

Match, to light Jires with — Meche. 

Material, matter of which things are made — Materiaux. 

Maternity, the relation of a mother — Maternitc. 

Matin, belonging to the morning — Matin. 

Matrass, a kind of hard bed — Matras. 

Maugre, in spite of, or ill will — Malgre. 

Maunder, to murmur^ to speak ill — Maudire. 

Maunday, mande (Sax.) a hand basket filled with haves, 
given by the King to the poor on the Thursday be- 
fore Good Friday, and called — Maunday Thursday. 

Meager, (pro. meeger, g hard) lean — Maigre. 

Meal, to mingle or mix — Meier. 

Mean, a medium or middle state — Moyen. 

Meander, a winding river in Phrijgia — Meander. 

Measure, a sufficient quantity — Mesure. 

Medal, an ancient coin — Medaille. 

Medalion, a large medal — Medallion. 

Mediate, to come between — Medial. 

Mediator, coming between offended God and man — Media- 

Mediocrity, moderation — Medeocrite. 

Medullar, belonging to the marrow — MeduUaire. 

Megriin, a disoi^dcr of the head — Megrain. 

Meliorate, to make better — Meliorer. 

Memoir, an account of any thing — Memoire 

Menace, to threaten — Menacer. 



Menage, (pron. nienawje) a collection of animals — Menage. 

Mendicant, a ^eo-g-ar— Mendicant. 

Mention, to express in words — Mentioner. 

Merchant, a foreign trader— {M^Wm) Mercante, 

Mercenary, a hireling — Mercenaire. 

Mercer, one that sells silks, stuffs, S^c, — Mercier. 

Mercery, the trade of selling silks, S^c. — Mercerie. 

Merchandise, traffic, trade — Merchandise. 

Merchant, a trader in foreign countries — Marchand. 

Mercy, the act of pardoning — Merci. 

Mere or Mer, are from mare, the sea, and mean a lake as-^ 

Meridian, noon or mid-day — Meridian. 
Meridional, 50M<Aerw— Meridional, 
Merit, excellence — Merile. 
Meritorious, deserving reward — Meritoir. 
Meseraic, belonging to the mesentery — Meseraique, 
Mesentery, the intestines are fixed to it — Mesent^re. 
Mess, signifies any share of a common dish — Mess. 
Message, an errand — Message. 
Messenger, one sent on an errand — Messager. 
Messieurs, Sirs or Gentlemen y plural of — Monsieur. 
Metaphoric, belonging to a wjeffl5/?/tor— Metaphorique. 
Method, the manner in which a thing is done — Methode. 
Methodical, ranged in proper order — Methodique. 
Mew, a cage or enclosure for birds or beasts — Mue. 
Mezzotinto, graving on copper with half tint — (Italian) 

Mien, behaviour (pro. nieen) — Mine. 
Mildew, for miel, honey and dew — Miel. 
Milk, so called from its meekness in taste — (Saxony) Meek, 
Millenary, consisting of J,000^e«r5— Millenaire. 


Million, ten hundred thousand — Million. 

Mince, to cut into small pieces — Mincer. 

Mine, a hollow dug into the earth — Mine. 

Miner, one that digs for metals or stones — Mineur. 

Miniature, ani/ thing reduced to a small size-^Mlnmixre^ 

Minion, a favourite or darling — Mignon* 

Minnow, a small fish — Menue, 

Minority, a person under age — Minorite. 

Minuet, a stately regular dance — Minuet. 

Minute, to set down in small notes — Minuter. 

Mirror, a looking-glass — Mironr. 

Mis, in composition signifies defect or error — (Sax.) Missa;» 

Miscount, to reckon wrong — Meconter. 

Miscreant, a vile and faithless wretch — Miscreant. 

Misnomer,, the mistaking a man's name — Misnomer. 

Misprise, to mistake or undervalue — Misprendre. 

Missionary, one sent abroad to preach — Missioimire, 

Mystery, art, trade, or occupation — Metierer. 

Mistress, a woman that manages a house — Maitresse. 

Misuse, to treat improperly — Mesuser. 

Mite, a small insect in cheese — Mite. 

Mittens, gloves that cover the arms — Mitains. 

Moat, a collection of waters — Motte. 

Moot, to root up or dispute in laWy a Moot case or point. 

Mob, the crowd — Mobile. 

Mock, deride or scoff— Moquer. 

Model, to plan or shape — Modeler. 

Modify, to change the form— Modifier. 

Modulation, agreeable harmony — Modulation. 

Mohair, stuff mad^ of camels or other /tair —-Mohere* 

Moiety, a part or portion — Moitie. 

Moil, to labour in the weVe-^MpuiUer,^ 


Moist, Juki/ —Mohie. 

Monacliisni, a monastic life — Monachisme. 

Moor, to fasten a vessel hy anchors — Morer. 

Morality, the doctrine of morals — Moralite, 

Moralize, to write on moral subjects — Moraliser. 

Morass, afenn or hog — Morais. 

Morbific, causing^ diseases — Morbifique. 

Morion, a helmet — Morion. 

Morning, the first part of the day — (Sax.) Morgen. 

Morpliew, a scurf on the face — Morphee. 

Mort, a tune sounded at the death of game — Morte. 

Mortar, a strong vessel to pound in — Mortier. 

Mortgage, a pledge or pawn of land — Mortgage. 

Mortify, to rob of all vital qualities — Mortifier. 

Mortise, to form « jomf— Mortaise. 

Mortmain, in dead hands, or not to change masters — 

Moit main. 
Mortuary, a gift left to the church at a man's death — 

Mosaic, glass y marble, and shells imitating paintings — 

Motive, that which fixes the choice — Motif. 
Motto, a sentence added to a devise in writing— (li^lidn) 

Moveables, goods or furniture — Meubles. 
Movement, wzofiowM— ouvement. 
Mont, a mountain — Mont. 
Mountain, or large hill — Montague. 
Mountant, rising upwards — Montant. 
Mountebank, a vain pretender — (Italian.) Montare-in- 

Much, large, applied to quantity, many applied to numbers 


-—(Spanish) Mucho. 
Mucilaginous, slimy — Mucilagineux. 
Moult, or change feathers— Muer. 
Muffle, to Mindfold^MufAer. 
Muleteer, a driver of mules — Muletier. 
Mullar, a painter's stone to grind with — Mouleur. 
Mullet, a seafrsh — Mulet. 

Multipliable, capable of being multiplied — Multipliable. 
Multiply, to encrease by multiply ing-^M\x\\\^X\tv, 
Mummery, foolery, mimicry — Momerie, 
Mummy, a dead body embalmed^-^Mumie, 
Muncli, to chew ravenously — Manger. 
Murder, to kill a man wilfully — (Sax.) Morthor. 
Mure, to build a wall, to confine — Mure. 
Muscadel, sweet grapes, wine awrf^ectr^— Muscadel. 
Murrain, to die of the plague as cattle — Mourir. 
Musette, from Musa^ a short air or song — (Italian) 

Mushroom, the champignon, an upstart — Mouscheron, 
Musical, harmonious — Musical. 
Musician, skilled in music — Musicien. 
Musk, a dry, light , friable substance — ^Musc. 
Musket, afi7'e arm used in wa? — Mousquet. 
Musketoon, a blunderbuss — Mousquelon. 
Muslin, a fine cloth made of cotton — Mousseline. 
Mustaches, hair growing on the upper lip — Moustache, 
Musrol, the nose band of a horse's bridle — Musrole. 
Mutiny, to cause seditioii — Mutiner. 
Mutton, the flesh of sheep — Mouton. 
Muzzle, the mouth of any thing — Museau. 
Mope, from shortness of sight — (Greek) My ops, 
Mysterious, artfully perplexed— My sietkux. 



JN ARRATIVE, relating things past — Narratif. 

Narrator, one that relates any fact — Narrateur. 

National, public, general — Nationel. 

Nativity, birth of any one — Nativity. 

Natural, produced by nature — Naturel. 

Navigation, the art of sailing — Navigation. 

Navigator, a sailoi — Navigateur. 

Neat, cleanly — Net 

Nectarine, from Nectar^ the drink of the Gods — Nectarine. 

Negotiate, to trade — Negocier. 

Negotiator, a trader with others — Negotiateur. 

Neighbourhood, plac^ near together — (Sax.) Nehgeburhade. 

Nephew, a brother or sister's son — Neveu. 

Nephritic, good, against gravel or stone — Nephrilique. f 

Ness, (Sax.) when used at the end of words, means, a prO' 

montary, as — Inverness, 
Nether, low Netherer, lower, nethermost — Most low. 
Neutral, indifferent, of neither side — Neutral. 
Nias, simple, faolish — Niais. 
Niche, where a statue is p/flcerf— Niche. 
Niece, Ihe daughter of a brother or sister — Niece, ,SJ 

Nihility, nothingness — Nihilile. 
Ninny, a simpleton — (Spanish) Ninno. 
Nitrous, consisting of nitre — Nitreux. 
Nobless, nobility — Noblesse. 
Noddy, an idiot from his nodding — Naudin. 
Noise, any kind of sound — Noise. 
Noisome, offensive — (Italian) Noioso. 
Nomenclature, a vocabulary or dictionary — Nomenclatu 



Nonnaturals are, retention and secretion ; air ; meat and 
drink ; sleep and watching ; motion and rest ; and 
the passions of the mind. 

Nonpareil, matchless excellence — Nonpareil. 

Notoriety, universalis/ known, in a bad Sfw^e— Notorielc. 

Novel, new, a romance — Nouvelle. 

Novelty, newness^^l!^ ouvenute. 

Noviciate, the state of a novice — Noviciat. 

Nourish, support hy food — Nourrir. 

Nullity* want of force — Nuliite, 

Nuncio, a messenger — (Italian) Nuncio. 

Nurture, /bod— Nouriture. 


Obediential, obedient to rw/es— Obedientiel. 

Obeisance, (pro. obeesance) a bow — Obeisance. 

Obey, to obey — Obeir. 

Objective, belonging to an object — Objectif. 

Obligatory, feiwrfm^— Obligatoire. 

Obliquity, a deviation from rectitude — Obliquite, 

Obscenity, impurity — Obscenite. 

Obstructive, causing an impediment — Obstruclif. 

Occurrence, an incident — Occurrence. 

Ochre, earth of a dusty surface — Ochre, 

Ocular, depending on the eye — Oculaire. 

(Ecumenical, general or universal-- {Greek) See the Greek 

Ql^iliad, a glance with the eye — (Eoeil. 
Official, belonging to an office — Official. 
Oint, to anoint — Oint. 


Olia, a medley — (Spanish) Olia. 
Olivaster, tawni/ — Olivastre. 
Omelet, a pancake of eggs — Omelette. 
Onion, an aromatic bulbous root — Oignon, 
Opera, a tale or fiction — (Italian) Opera. 
Operant, active — Operant. 

Optimist, the present system, the &e5^— Optimiste. 
Orange, the fruit of a tree — Orange. 
Orangery, a plantation of orange trees — Orangeri^. 
Oratorio, sacred music — (Italian) Oratorio. 
Ordinal, denoting order — Ordinal. 
Ordure, dung — Ordure. 

Organist, one that plays on the organ — Organist e. 
Organize, to set in order — Organiser. 
Orient, the East — Orient. 
Oriental, belonging to the East — Oriental. 
Orisons, prayers — Oraisons. 
Orpiment, a fossil used in painting — Orpiment. 
Ortolan, a small bird of delicious food — Ortolan^ 
Osier, a tree of the willow kind — Osier. 
OsteocoUa, a coarse spar — Osteocolle. 
Ostrich, a very large bird — Austruche. 
Oval, resembling an egg — Ovale. 
Outrage, a rough injury — Outrager, 
Outrageous, violent — Outrageux. 

JL ACE, a step — Pas. 

Pacification, the act of making peace — Pacification. 

Packet;^ a small bundle — Pacquet, 


Paddle, to row;— Patouiller. 

Padelion, the lion* s foot, an herb — Pas de lion. 

Paganism, ^e^f Aewi^m— Paganisme. 

Page, one side of the leaf of a hook — Page. 

Painim, a Pagan — Pagen. 

Paint, to represent things in colours — Peindre. 

Painture, the art of painting — Peinture. 

Pair, two things suiting one another — Paire. 

Palatine, possessing royal privileges — Palatiiu 

Pale, a white colour — Pale. 

Palette, a light board to lay paint on — Palette. 

Palisade, pales for defence — (Spanish) Palisado. 

Pallet, a small straw bed — Paille. 

Pell Mell, to play with a ball and mallet — Paille Maille. 

Palliative, extenuating by excuses — Palliatif. 

Palpable, gross, coarse — Palpable. 

Palter, to prevaricate — Poltron, 

Paltry, worthless — Poltron. 

Pam, in playing at cards is— from Palma, Tictory, — Trump 

also is contracted from Triump. 
Pamper, to fill with food — (Italian) Pamberare. 
Pamphlet, stitched by a thread-— ?2ir un filet. 
Panado, bread boiled till nearly dissolved— V2LXi2idQ. 
Pander, a pimp, contracted from — Pandarus. 
Pane, a square piece of glass — Paneau. 
Panegyric, a poem in praise of another — Panegyrique. 
Panegyrist, an encomiast — Panegyriste. 
Panel, flr small rollof parchment for Juror's names — Paneau. 
Fang, excessive pain — Peine. 
Pannier, a basket — Panier. 
Pantaloon, a part of a man's clothing — Pantalon. 
Panther a spotted wild beast — Pauthere. 


Pantofle, a slipper — Pantoufle. 

Pantomime, a fane — Pantomime. 

Pantry, the place for keeping victuals — Paneterie. 

Papal, belonging to the Pope — Papal. 

Papist, one that professes the church of Rome — Papiste, 

Parade, display — Parade. 

Paragon, a model of perfection — (Italian) Paragone. 

Paramount, of the highest order — Paramount. 

Paramour, a lover — Paramour. 

Parapet, a wall breast high — Parapet. 

Parasol, a small umbrella to keep off the 5m»— Parasol. 

Parboil, to part boil or half boil — Parbouiller. 

Parcel, divided into portions— VarceWe, 

Parchment, sheep-skins — (Pergamena from Pergamus) Par- 

Pardon me, among us is a denial^ so is — Pardonnez moi. 

Parish, a district belonging to the same church — Paroisse. 

Parishioner, one belonging to the same church — Paroissiea. 

Parity, likeness — Parite. 
Parle, conversation — Parler. 

Parley, to sound a parley is to beat time, to begin a con- 
Parliament, where they parley and dispute — Parlement, 
Parlour, a room for conmrsing in — Parloir.^ 
Parody, travesty or burlesque — Parodie. 
Parole, a word of assurance — Parole. 
Paraquet, a small parrot — Parroquet. 
Parry, to fence — Parer.. 

Partial, more inclined to favour one than another — Partial. 
Participation, enjoying in common — Participation. 
Particular, single — Particuler. 
Particularize, to mention distinctly — Particularizer* 

F 2 


Partizan, belonging to a jjarty — Partizan. 

Pas, precedence (pro. pau) — Pas. 

Pass, to move from one place to another — Passer. 

Passage, a road — Passage. 

Passibility, quality of receiving impressions — Passibilitc. 

Passionate, moved by passion — Passionn^. 

Passport, permission to pass — Passeport. 

Paste, flour and water boiled — Paste, 

Pastern, the joint next the foot of ahorse — Pasluron. 

Pastil, a crayon for paint ing-^-^asiille. 

Pastry, the art of making pies — Patisserie. 

Pasture, to feed in a pasture — Pasture. 

Pasty, a pie made of raised crust — Paste. 

Pat, a gentle stroke— VMe. 

Patch, a piece laid in — (Italian) Pezzo. 

Pate, when put for the head should be Tete. 

Paternal, related as a father — Paternel. 

Paternity, fatherhood — Paternite. 

Patibulary, belonging to the gallows — Patibulaire. 

Patriarchal, belonging to Patriarchs — Patriarchal. 

Patrol, the act of going the roujids — Patreuille, 

Patter, to make a noise as many feet — Patte. 

Pattern, to be copied — Patron. 

Pave, to lay a floor tvith bricks or stones^^VdLver, 

Paunch, the fte%— Pause. 

Pause, a stop or cessation — Pause. 

Pay, to disharge a debt — Payer. 

Payable, due, or to be paid — Payable. 

Peach, a pleasa7it fruii^^Feche. 

Pearl, a valuable gem — Perle. 

Peasant, a hind or countryman — Paysan. 

Peccadillo, a slight crime or offence^Spddiish) Peccadillo; 

Peck, to strike with the beak — Becqueter. 

Pedant, a school master — Pedant. 

Pederero, a small cannon — (Spanish) Pederero. 

Pedestal, the basis of a statue — Piedestal. 

Vedigree, genealogj/, from ^ere father, and degre, a step 

Pedlar, analyzed, will be petty dealer round the country. 
Peel, to rob or take off the peel or skin of fruit — Piller. 
Peer, an equal, a nobleman-^Vmr, 
Pelican, a bird that lives on fish — Peligan. 
Pellet, a little ball-— ?e\ote. 
PellMell, confusedly— VeleMeh. 
Penance, church punishment for offences — Penance. 
Pendant, a jewel hanging loose from the ear — Pendant. 
Pending, depending — Pendent. 

Penetrant, having the power of penetrating — Penetrant. 
Penetration, acuteness or segacity — Penetration. 
Pennant, an ensign — Pennon. 
Pension, an allowance given to a person —Pension. 
Pensionary, maintained by pensions — Pensionaire. 
Pensive, sorrowful — Pensif. 
Penthouse, analyzed, peute or bent sloping, from the rest 

of the house. 
To people, to fill with inhabitants — Peupler. 
Peradventure, perhaps, by chance — Paravanture. 
Perceant, penetrating — Perceant. 
Perceive, to know or observe — Percevoir. 
Perceptible, perceivable by sense — Perceptible. 
Perch, a measure five yards and a half long^^Vexche. 
Perdurable, /flsfiw^— Perdurable. 
Perform, to act or rfo— (Italian) Performare. 
Perfume, an agreeable orfowr— Parfum,^ 


Periodical, revolution of time — Periodique. 

Periphiase, to express in many words — Periphraser. 

Peristyle, a circular range of pillars — Peristyle. 

Periwig, hair woven on thread, sewed on a caul — Perruque. 

Permission, allowance — Permission. 

Perpetual, never ceasing — Perpetuel. 

Perpetuity, duration without cessation — Perpetuite. 

Persecutor, one that inflicts pains — Persecuteur. 

Parson, the first in the parish — Persona^ 

Personage, a person of rank — Personage. 

Perspicacity, easy to he understood — Perspicacite. 

Perversion, change to what is wrong — Perversion. 

Peruke, a periwigs or false hair — Peruke. 

Pester, to disturb — Pester. 

Pestileutial, contagious — PestilentieU 

Pet, a slight resentment — Petit or despit. 

Petard, an engine of metal shaped like a hat y full of powder 

Petrol, Petroleum, a black liquid bitumen — Petrole. 

Petticoat, a small coat — Petit-coat. 

Pettifogger, one of no repute in /a2^— Petit, smM, and 

Vaguer fame. 
Petto, the breast y or in private, keep it in — Petto. 
Petty, small, inferior, little — Petit. 
Ph (sounds f.) in a few words following. 
Phenomenon, a strange appearance — Phenomene. 
Pliilomot, of the colour of the dead /efl/~Feuille-morte, 
Physiognomy, Phiz or Phyz, ludicrously ^ the face. 
Phrensy, madness — Phrenesie. 
Phthisical, coughing, cow^Mwp^ere— Phlhisique. 
Peiil, a danger threatened — Peril* 
Perilous, rfaw^-tfroMs— Perileux. 


Physiognomist,jfwrf^iw^ the temper from the features — Phy- 

Physical, belonging to medicine — Physique. 
Piano, in music denotes soft or slow — (Italian) Piano. 
Piaster, an Italian coin value five shillings — (Italian) Piastra. 
P'mzzdi, a walk under a roof, supported by pillars — Piazza. 
Picaroon, a robber — Picare. 
Picturesque, beautiful scenery — Pictoresque# 
Piece, a patch or fragment — Piece. 
Pied, party-'coloured like the Mag, or Major Pie. 
Piedmont, or foot of the mount — (pro.) Peedmont. 
Piepowder Court, from pied, afoot, awrfpoudre dustedo 
Pier, the column of a bridge — Pierre, 
Pierce, to penetrate-^Tercer, 
Pigeon, a bird well known — Pigeon. 
Pike, a fresh water fish, long lived — Pique. 
Piked, sharp pointed — P/qu^. 
Pilaster, in architecture a square pillar — Pilastre. 
Pile, a stake driven into the ground-^Vile, 
Pilfer, to steal — Pilfer. 
Pill, rob or plunder — Piller. 
Pillage, plunder — Pillage. 

Pillory, to expose offenders to the public — Pillori, 
Pilot, one that steers a ship — Pilote. 
Pilotage, a pilot's skill — Pilotage. 
Pimento, Jamaica pepper — Piment. 
Pimp, a pander— Pinge. 
Pimple, a small red pustule — Pompette. 
I'in, a little sharp pointed ivire to fasten clothes — Espingle. 
Pincers, to holdfast with — Pincette. 
Pinch, to squeeze between the fingers — Pincer. 
Pineal, resembling a pine apple — Pineale. 


Pinion, the joint at the extremity of the wing — Pignon. 

Pinnace, a boat belonging to a war-ship — Pinna sse. 

Pinnacle, a turret — Pinnacle. 

Pioneer, a soldier employed in leveling roads-- Pionier. 

Piquant, sharp, tart — Piquant* 

Pique, to affect with anger, 2Wfl//ce— Piquer. 

Piquet, a game at cards — Piquet. 

Pistachio, fl dry fruit of an oblong form — (Italian) Pistacchi. 

Pistol, a small hand gun — Pistolet. 

Piston, the sucker of a pump — Piston. 

Pitch, to smear with pitch — (Italian) Appicciare.. 

Pitiable, deserving pity — Pitoyable. 

Pittance, a small allowance — Pittance* 

Pituitous, full of phlegm — Pituiteux. 

Pivot, a pin on which any thing turns — Pivot. 

Placard, a declaration or manifesto — Placart. 

Place, the space which any thing occupies — Place. 

Plain, level ground — Plane. 

Plaint, an expeession of grief -^VhmiOr. 

Plaintiff, he that complains — Plaintiff. 

Plan, a scheme, form, or model — Plan. 

Planched, made of boards -''Phnche, 

Plane, to make level — Planer. 

Plant, an organical body — Plante. 

Planetary, of the nature of a planet — Planetaire. 

Plantain, an herb — Plantain. 

Plaster, to cover withplaister — Plastrer. 

Platform, a scheme or plan — Plat and forra. 

Platoon, about 50 musketeers — Peloton. 

Plea, an excuse, from Plaider. 

Plead, to argue before a court of laW'^Vhideu 

Pleader, one that speaks for another-^Phideux^ 


Pkasance, gaity- Plaisance. 
Please, to gratify — PJaire, 
Pleasure, or delight — Plaisir. 
Plebeian, one of the common people — Pleb^ien, 
Pledge, any thing hy way of security — Pleige. 
Pleuritic, diseased with the pleurisy — Pleuritique. 
Pleurisy, a violent pain in the side — Plurisie, 
Plover, a kind of bird called a lapwing — Pluvier. 
Plumber, one that works in ZeaJ— Plombier. 
Plunge, to force under water — Plonger. 
Plurality, a number more than one — Pluralite. 
Plush, a kind of shaggy cloth or silk — Peluche. 
Pluvial, a priesVs cope — Pluvial. 
Poach, to steal game, from poche, a bag — Pochc. 
Pocket, a small bag inside of the clothes — Pochet. 
Pocket, to put into the pocket — Pocheter. 
Poetic, exprsssed in verse — Poetique. 
Poetize, to write like a poet — Poetizer, 
Poignant, sharp — Poignant 
Poitrel, armour for thd^reast-^V o\ix2i\\. 

Poise, weight orforce^ peser to poise — Poids. 

Politics, the art of governing sfaifes- Politique. 

Politure, the gloss given by polishing — Politure. 

Pomade, a fragrant ointment — (Italian) Pomado. 

Pomander, a sweet ball — Pomme d'ambre. 

Pomatum, had formerly apples mixed with i7— Pomme, 

Pommel, u round ball or knob — Pomeau. 

Pompion, a pumpkin — Pompon. 

Pompous, grand, splendid — Pompeux. 

Poniard, a dagger or short sword — Poignard. 

Ponton, a floating bridge made of boats — Pontoon. 

Pony, a small ^or^e— Puny or puisne. 


Porcupine, a hind of hog armed with sharp quills — Porce-^ 

Porcelain, China, or China ware — Porcelain. 
Porous, having small apertures — Poreux. 
Porpoise, thehog-Jish, parens, a hog, and Jish — Poisson. 
Portal, a gateway — Porlail. 

Portcullis, or Portcluse, Portecoulisse — Porta clausa. 
Porter, one that carries burdens — Portier. 
Portglave, a sword hearer — Portglave. 
Portmanteau, a chest or hag to ^oWc/ofA^s— Portemanteau, 
Portrait, a picture drawn from life — Pourtrait. 
Portray, to paint — Pourtraire. 
Post, a hasty messenger — Posle. 
Postern, a narrow gate — Posterne. 

Postillion, one that rides on one of the first horses — Postill6n, 
Posture, place or situation-— Posture. 
Pot, a vessel in which meat is hailed — Pot. 
Potash, an impure fixed alcaline salt — Potasse, 
Potato, an esculent root — (Spanish) Potado. 
Potentate, a Prince — Potentat. 
Pottage, hroth or hoiledfood — Potage, 
Potter, a maker of pots — Potier. 
Pouch, a small hag or pocket — Poche. 
Pout, to look sullen — Bouter. 
Powder, dust — Poudre. 

Power, command — Pouvoir. *T 

Practice, the hahit of doing any thing — Pratiquer, 
Pray, to ask the Deity for something — Prier. 
Preach, to pronounce a discourse — Precheur. 
Preamble, something hy way of introduction — Preambule. 
Predecessor, one that precedes another — Predecesseur. 
Preferable, to he chosen — Preferable, 


Pre-eminence, 'priority of place — Pre-eminence. 
Prepose, to set over — Preposer. 
Press, to squeeze by tveight — Presser. 
Presto, quick, used by jugglers — (Italian) Presto- 
Pretty, neat — (Italian^ Pretto. 
Principality, supreme power-^ Principaute. 
Prisage, the King's share of prizes — Prise. 
Prison, a place of confinement —Prison. 
Privity, private communication — Privaut^. 
Prize, to rate^ value, or esteem — Priser. 
Procedure, manner of conduct — Procedure. 
Prodigality, extravagance — ^rodigalite. 
Professor, one that declares his opinion — Professeur« 
Profile, the side face — Profile. 
Profit* to confer an advantage — Profit. 
Progressive, going forward — Progressif. 
Project, to contrive — Projecler. 
Projectile, impelled forward — Projectile* 
Prolixity, tediousness — Prolixite. 
Prolong, to lengthen om^— Prolonguer. 
Prolongation, the act of lengthening — Prolongation, 
Prompt, to rem/weZ— (Italian) Prontare. 
Prophet, a foreteller — Proph^te, 
Prophetess, a wowanfortelling — Prophe(esse. 
Proportional, having a certain relation — Propertionel. 
Proprietary, possessor in his own r/g*/ii— Proprieitaire. 
Prostration, depression — Prostration. 
Protection, defence — Protection. 
Protector, a defender — Protecteur. 
Prothonotary, the head register — Prolonotaire. 
Provost, the chief of any society — Prevost. 
Prow, the head of the fore part of a ship —Vi' out. 



Prowess, hravery — Prouesse. 

Prude, a woman affectedly nice — Prude, 

Psalmist, a composer of holy songs — Psalmiste. 

Ptisan, a medical drink — Ptisane. 

Pucelage, a state of virginity — Pucelage. 

Puisne, young, pretty, small — Puisne. 

Puissance, power, force — Puissance. 

Puissant, powerful — Puissant. 

Pule, to cry like a chicken — Piauler. 

Pullet, a young hen — Poulet. 

Pulley, a little wheel turning round on a pivot — Poulie. 

Pulverize, to reduce to powder — Pulveriser. 

Pump, an instrument to draw water — Pompe. 

Pomp, splendour — (Latin) Pompa. 

Puncheon, an instrument to make holes — Poingon. 

Punctillio, a nice point of exactness — (Italian) Punctilio. 

Punctual, exact, nice — Ponctuel. 

Punishable, worthy of punishment — Punissable. 

Punishment, any penalty inflicted — Punissement. 

Puppet, a small image moved by springs — Poup^e. 

Purchase, to buy for a price — Purchasser. 

Purist, one nice in his words — Puriste. 

Purport, design, effect — Pourporte. 

Pursue, to chase as an enemy — Pour^ivre. 

Pursuit, a continuation of a design — Poursuite. 

Pursuivant, a state messenger — Poursuivant. 

Pursy, fat and short breathed — Poussif. 

Purtenance, the entrails of animals — Appurtenance. 

Purvey, to provide necessaries — Pourvoir. 

Purview, proviso — Pourvieu. 

Push, to drive forward — Pousser. 

Pusilanimity, want of courage — Pusilanimite, 


Pulanism, a wicked way of living — Pulanisme. 
Pygmy, a dwarf— -Fygmee. 
Pyrrohnism, universal doubt — Pyrrlio. 


Quadrature, the art of squaring— Qmdr^tme. 

Quaff, to drink — CoefFer. 

Qualify, to modify or regulate — Qualifier. 

Quandary, a doubt, what shall I say about it — Qu'eu diraije. 

Quarrel, to debate or dispute — Querreler. 

Quagmire, trembles and shakes under ones feet — Quakiiig- 

Quarry, a mine whence stones are dug — Quarre. 
Quarter, a fourth 7?flr^— Quartier. 
Quartain, a stanza of four lines — Quart ain. 
Quay, a key at the water side for receiving goods — Quai, 
Quelquechose, a trifle pronounced Kelkshoze. 
Querry, for Equerry, a groom to a Prince — Ecuyer. 
Quest, to search after — Quester. 
Quint, a sequence of five at Picquet. 
Quintain, a post with a turning top — Quintain. 
Quire, or Choir, a body of singers — Choeur. 
Quit, to give up — Quitter. 
Quittance, a discharge of debt — Quittance. 
Quite, free — Quilte. 

Quiver, ta shake or shudder, to cover arrows^^Conyik. 
Quoin, a corner — Coin. 
Quote, to cite a passage from an author — Quoter. 


Jtt ABATE, in falconry, to recover a hawk — Rabatte* 
Rabbet, to cut channels in hoards to jit better — Rabatre. 
Rabbi or Rabbin, a Hebrew doctor or teacher — Rabbi. 
Race, a generation or family — Race. 
Rack-rent, rent raised to the utmost by screwing. 
Racy, strong tasted , or lasting of the soil — (Spanish) Rayz. 
R ad, red, 'dndrod, signify cou7icel, as Conrod, EthelredSfc. 
Radical, that part of the seed which becomes the root-^ 

Raffle, to cast dice for a prize — Raffler. 
Rage, violent anger — Rage. 

Ragout, (pro. ragoo) meat stewed and seasoned ^R?igout 
Raillery, a slight and jocose satire — Raillerie. 
Raiment, for arraiment, dress or cloaths — Array. 
Raisiii, dried grapes — Raisin. 
Rally, to reproach with good humour — Rallier. 
Ramequins, slices of bread covered with cheese and eggs-— 

Ramify, to separate into branches — Ramifier. 
Ramp, to leap with violence — Ramper. 
Rampant, prevailing, « Zto7«— Rampant. 
Rampart, a massy bank of earth — Rampart. 
Rancour, hatred — Rancaur. 
Random, want of discretion — Randon. 
Range, to rove, also to arrange— Ranger. 
Range, a rank, class, or order — Rangce. 
Rank, a row or line of men — Range. 
Rank, to place abreast — Ranger. 
Ranny, the shrew mouse — Musaraneus. 


Ransome, the price df redemption — Rancon. 
Ransome, to free from captivity — Ranconnen 
Rapier, a small sword — Rapiere, 
Rapport, relation — Rapport. 
Rarify, to make more thin — Rarifier. 
Raze, to overthrow — Raser. 
Rash, red spots on the skin — (Italian) Rascia. 
Rasp, a rflspJerr^— (Italian) Raspo. 
Raspatory, a surgeon's rasp — Rasptoir. 
Ratification, the act of confirming — Ratification. 
Ravage, to lay waste — Ravager. 
Rave, to he delirious — Rever. 
Ravelin, in fortification denotes two sides — Ravelin, 
Ravish, to violate by force — Ravir. 
Ray, a beam of light — Raie. 
RazCy a root of ginger — (Spanish) Rayz. 
Razure, the act of scraping or shaving — Rasure, 
Reality, truth — Realite. 
Realm, a kingdom — Roraulm. 
Ream, twenty quires of paper — Rame. 
Rear, the last class — Arriere. 

Reason, to deduce consequences from premises — Raissoniier. 
Reasonable, justy moderate — Raisonnable. 
Reassure, to free from fear — Reassurer. 
Re baptize, to baptize again — Re-baptizer. 
Rebate, to blunt — Rebattre. 
Rebeck, a three stringed fiddle — Rebec. 
Rebound, to reverbtrate or heat hack — Rebonclir. 
Rebuff, a repercussion — Rebuffade. 
Rebuke, to cA/cfe— Reboucher. 
Rebut, to retire back - Rebuler. 
Recapitulate, to mention again — Recapituler, 

G 2 


Receive, to take any thing as due — Recevoir. 

Recognisance, (pron. rekonnizance) a bond — Recognisance. 

Recoil, to start back — Reculer. 

Recommence, to begin again-r-Recommencer. 

Recommend, to praise another — Recommender. 

Recompense, to repay — Recompenses 

Recompose, to settle — Recomposer. 

Reconcile, to restore to favour — Rcconcilier. 

Reconduct, to bring back — Reconduire. 

Reconnoitre, to examine the ground in war — Reconnoitre. 

Recover, to restore or repair — Recouvrer. 

Recount, to tell distinctly — Reconter. 

Recourse, application for help — Recours. 

Recreant, mean s/?/r2Ye^— Recriant. 

Recruit, afresh supply — Recruter. 

Rectification, a setting any thing right — Rectification, 

Rectify, to reform or make right — Rectifier. 

Rectitude, uprightness — Rectitude. 

Rectory, a spiritual living — Rectorat. 

Recur, to recollect — Recourir. 

Recuse, to refuse — Recuser, 

Redoubt, an outwork of a fortification — Redoute. 

Redoubtable, terrible to enemies — Redoutable, 

Redress, to amend — Redresser. 

Reduction, the art of breaking into pieces — Reduction. 

Reductive, having the power of reducing — Reductif. 

Reduplicative, double — Reduplicatif. 

Refectory, a room for refreshment — Refectoire. 

Refine, to clear from dross — Raffiner. 

Refit, to repair — Refaire, 

Reflect, to throw back, to consider past time — Reflecher. 

Reflow, to flow back — Refluer, 


Reformation , to change from bad to better — Reformation. 

Refrain, to hold back — Refrenir. 

Refresh, to refresh after labour — Refraiscber. 

Refrigerant, cooling — Refrigerant. 

Refuge, to protect — Refugier. 

Refugee, one that flies for shelter — Refugic. 

Refuse, to deny any thing offered — Refuser. 

Regain, to recover — Regagner. 

Regale, to feast, to refresh — Regaler. 

Regard, io value — Regarder, 

Regard, respect — Regard. 

Regiment, a body of soldiers under one Colonel — Regiment. 

Register, to enrol in a list — Registrer. 

Reglet, a ledge of wood for printer's to separate lines — 

Regnant, reigning — Regnant. 
Regorge, to vomit up — Regorger. 
Regraft, to graft again — RegrefFer. 
Regrater, aforestaller-B.e.gxt\X\er, 
Regret, to repent — Regretter. 
Regular, one in the Romish church — Regulier, 
Re-embark, to take shipping again — Rembarquer. 
Re-embarkation, going on shipboard again— Rembarque- 

Rein, part of a bridle — Renes. 
Reinforce, to recruit — Reinforcer. 
Rejoice, to be glad — Rejouir. 
Rejoin, to join again — Rejoindre, 
Rejolt, a shorty or concussion — Rejailler. 
Relay, horses placed so as to relieve each other — Relais. 
Release, to free from confinement — Relasher. 
Release, discharge from pain — Relachc. 


Relent, to soften — Relentir. 

Relevant, relieving — Relevant. 

Relief, the prominence of a figure in stone— 'RtWtL 

Relievo, alto rises mucky and basso /i7^/e— (Italian) Relievo. 

Reliquary, a casket where relics are put — Reliquaire. 

Relish, an agreeable taste — Relccher, 
Remark, an observation — Reinarquer. 

Remark, to note or observe — Remarquer. 

Remedy, to cure or heal — Remedier. 

Remember, to bear any thing in mind — Rememorer. 

Remonstrance, a strong representation — Remonstrance, 

Remount, to mount again — Reraonter. 

Renard, a fox — Renard. 

Rencounter, to fight hand to hand — Rencontre. 

Render, to pay or give back — Rendre. 

Rendezvous, a meeting — Rendez vous. 

Renegade, an apostate — (Spanish) Renegado. 

Renitency, resistance in solid bodies — Renitente. 

Rennet, a kind of apple — Reinette. 

Renown, to make famous— 'Renommtx^ 

Rent, revenue, annual payment — Rente. 

Reversed, overturned — Ren verse. 

Repair, to go or repair to — Repairer. 

Retepare a smart or witty reply — Repartie, 

Repartition, the act of dividing again — Repartition, 

Repass, to pass back tf^aiw— Repasser. 

Repast, a meal — Repas. 

Repeal, to revoke — Rapeller. 

Repent, to have such sorrow for sin as to amend — Repentir. 

Repentance, sorrow for what is past — Repentance. 

Repercussive repellant or driving back — Repercussif. 

Repiano, violins to fill up in c(?«c^rf(?*— -(Italian) Repieno. 


Replant, to plant anew — Replanter, 

Repletion, the state of being full — Repletion. 

Replevin, to set at liberty what was seized — (low Latin) 

Replicato, in music, to re/?eflf— (Italian) Replica, 
Reply, to answef^ — Repliquer. 
Repolish, to polish again — Repolir. 
Report, to spread abroad by rumour — Reporter. 
Reprehensible, worthy of Z^/fl»2e— Reprehensible. 
Representative, exhibiting a likeness — Representatif, 
Reprieve, to give a respite — Reprendre. 
Reprimand, to reprove — Reprimanded 
Reprisal, something seized in lieu of robbery — Reprisaille. 
Reproach, the act of finding fault — Reproche. 
Reprobation, a sentence of condemnation-^Reprohdiiion. 
Reprove, to blame — Reprouver. 
Repugnance, reluctance-^Repugimnce, 
Reputation, credit — Reputation. 
Request, an entreaty — Requeste. 
Requite, to repay — Requiter. 
Rescue, to set free — Recoorre. 
Research, to examine — Rechercher. 
Resemblance, likeness — Resemblance. 
Resentment, a deep senee of injury — Ressenliment. 
Reservation, custody — Resservation. 
Reservatory — Reservoir. 
Reservoir, a reservatory — Reservoir. 
Resident, dwelling — Resident. 
Residence, a dwelling — Residence. 
Resignation, a giving up — Resignation. 
Resipiscence, repentance — Resipiscence. 
Resistance, or Resistence, 2nd from Latin, 1st from French. 


Resort, to have recourse to — Resortir. 

Resource, a shift or expedient — Ressource. 

Respite, to reprieve — Respit. 

Responsive, answering — Responsif. 

Restive, unwilling to stir — Restif. 

Restraint, a prohibition — Restraint. 

Resultance, the act of resulting — Resultance. 

Retail, to sell again — Retailler. 

Retire, to retreat from danger — Retirer. 

Retouch, to improve hy new touches — Retoucher. 

Retrace, to trace hack — Retracer. 

Retreat, a place of solitude — ^Retraite. 

Retrench, to cut off — Retrencher. 

Retrenchment, lopping away — Retrenchement. 

Retribution, a repaying — Ketribution. 

Retrieve, to recover — Retrouver. 

Retrograde, going backward — Retrograde. 

Return, to come back, to retort or reply — Retourner. 

Reveille, the morning drum for the soldiers — Reveille. 

Revenge, to return an injury — Venger. 

Revenue, income — Revenu. 

Reverbatory, beaten or driven back- — Reverberatoire. 

Reverential, expressing reverence — Reverentiel. 

Reverie, <ZeZir mm— Reverie. 

Reversible, capable of being reversed — Reversible. 

Revesliary, a place for dresses to be put — Revestiaire. 

Reviser, an examiner — Reviseur. 

Re-union, concord — Reunion. 

Revolter, to fall off to another — Revaller. 

Ribald, a brutish person — Ribauld. 

Riband, a fillet — Ruban. 

Ric, rich or valiant, Richard, rich man, a valiant guard. 


Riches, money or possessions'-^B.ichtss^s. 

Ridotto, an entertainment of singing — ^(Italian) Ridotto, 

Rigadoon, a gay brisk dance — Rigadon. 

Righteous men are (Saxon) Right wise. 

Riglet^ aflat thin piece of wood — Regulet 

Rinse, to wash out clothes — Rinser. 

Riot, wild and loose mirth — Riotte, 

Riotous, turbulent — Riotleux. 

Risk, to hazard — Risque, 

Rivage, a hank — Rivage. 

Road, a broad way for carriages-^Route. 

Roan, bay sorrel, or black and grey — Rouen, 

Roast, to dress meat before aflre — Roler. 

Rob, to take ftj^/orce— (Italian) Robbare. 

Robe, a gown of state — Robbe, 

Rocambole, a sort of shalot or garlic — Rocambole. 

Roche alum, the purest sort of alum — Roche. 

Rocket, nitre, charcoal, sulphux, charcoal — (Italian) Ro- 

Rodomentade, bragging — Ariostos' Rodomonte. 
Rogation, prayers or supplications — Rogation. 
Roller, any thing turning on its own axis — Rouleau. 
Romage, a tumult or bustle — (Italian) Romagio. 
Romance, a story of fictions adventurers — (Italian) Ro- 

Rondeau, an ancient kind of poetry — Rondeau. 
Roquelaure, (pro. rokelo) a long cloak for men — Roque- 

Rosicrusians, pretending to make the philosophers* stone. 
Rote, words uttered by mere memory without meaning — 

Rotundo, a building of a round form — (Italian) Rotondo, 


Rouge, red paint, (pro. rooje) — Rouge, 

Round, circular — Rond. 

Roundelay, a hind of poetry of 13 reofs—Rondelet 

Rowel, the sharp part of a spur — Rouelle. 

Royal, kingly — Royal. 

Royalty, kingship— Ro'^dXiS, 

Royne, to gnaw — Rogner, 

Roynisli, meany paltry — Rogneux. 

Rubican, hay sorrel, or grey horse — Rubican. 

Rudenture, the figure of a rope, filling jfiutings—Hu' 

Ruelle, an assembly at a private house — Ruelle, 
Ruffian, one that murders for hire — (Italian) Ruffiano. 
Rugine, a surgeon's rflf^/?— Rugine, 
Ruin, to destroy — Ruiner. 
Ruse, cunning — Ruse. 
Russet, a reddish brown — Rousset. 
Rut, among deer, a desire of coming together'^^mU 


J^ABAOTH, (armies) a name given to God — Sabaoth. 

Sabbath, (rest) the 7th day of the week — Sabbath. 

Sable, black fur much esteemed — Sable. 

Sabliere, a thin beam, also a sandpit — Sabliere, 

Sabre, a scymetar — Sabre. 

Saccade, a sudden checking of a horse — Saccade. 

Sack, a bag, is found in all languages supposed Sec, an 

Sacristan, one that takes care of church plate — Sacristain. 


Sacristan, 07ie that takes care of Church plate, «Src.— Sa- 

Saffron, a plant used in medicine — Saffron. 
Sage, a plant — Sauge. 
Sage, icise — Sage. 
Sago, the pith of a tree called Landan, East Indies, noui- 

rishing — Sago. 
Sale, a Turkish vessel- — Saique., 
Salad, herbs eaten raw — Salade. 
Salary, stated hire — Salaire. 
Saliant, in a leaping posture — Saliant. 
Sally, to burst from a siege — Sally. 
Salmagundi, according to my taste — Selon mongoiit. 
Salvatory, a place to keep any thing — Salvatoir. 
Sap, to undermine — Sapper. 

Saraband, a Spanish dance — (Spanish) Sarabando. 
Sarcle, to weed coi n — Sarcler. 
Sarse, to sift through n lawn sieve. — Sasser. 
Satin, soft and close silk — Satin. 
Satirize, to censure — satiriser. 
Satisfactory, atoning — Satisfactoire. 
Sauce, to improve the taste — Sauce,, 
Savage, a barbarian — Savage. 
Save, to preserve — Sauver. 
Saviour, the Redeemer — Sauveur. 
Savoury, pleasing to the smell or taste — Savoureu^, 
Sausage, a well known food — Saucisse. 
Scalade, raising of ladders for scaling — Scalado. 
Scald, to scald iviih boiling ivater — (Italian) Scaldere. 
Scale, to climb by ladders — (Italian) Scalare. 
Scallop, a fish with a holloiv shell — Escallope. 
Scamper, to march boldly — (Italian) Scampure. 
Scantling, a Utile, for a pattern — Eschantillon, 
Scaramouch, a buffoon — Escaramouchc. 



Scarlet, bright red — Escarlate, 

Scarp, the slope of the ditch, next to the fort — Escarpe. 

Scenic, theatrical — Scenique. 

Scent, to smell — Sentir. 

Sciatic, gout in the hip — Sciatique. 

Scion, a small twig — Scion. 

Scorn, to despise — Escorner. 

Scot, shot — Escot. 

Scoundrel, a mean rascal — (Italian) Scondaruolo. 

Scourge, a whip — Escourge. 

Scout, an observer of an enemifs acts — Escout. 

Screen, a shelter or concealment — Escran. 

Screw, used for drawing corks, Sfc, — Escrou. 

Scrimer, a gladiator — Escrimeur. 

Scrivener, 0/2 e that draws contracts — (Italian) Scrivano. 

Scroll, a writing rolled up — Escrou. 

Scrutoire, drawers for ivriting on, 5fc, — E or Scritoire. 

Scullery, where kettles, 8fc. are kept — Escueille. 

Scummer, to skim the top of any thing — Escumeir. 

Scutcheon, the shield of a famili/ — (Italian) Scuccione. 

Sean, a very large net, a drag net — Seine. 

Scarce, to sift finely — Sasser. 

Search, to explore — Chercher. 

Season, a fit time — Saison. 

Secretary, one that writes for another — Secretaire. 

Sectary, a nonconformist — Sectaire. 

Secularize, to make common from holy — Seculariser, 

Seignior, a lord, grand — Seignior. 

Seizin, taking possession — Saisine. ^ 

Selah, 1 A in psalms, Selahs, ^/u'i'/ or, stops in music; or, 

so be it — Selah. 
Semblance, a likeness — Semblance. 
Semibref, two minims or four crotchets — Semibreve. 
Seneschal, a stewixrd or tnajor domo — Seneschal. 


Sensibility, perception — Sensibilite. 

Sentiment^ opinion, notion — Sentiment. 

Sentinel, a watchman — Sentinelie. 

September, is not the 7th, but 9th month, beginning 1st 

Sequester, to withdraw — Sequester. 
Seraglio, a palace, Jilled icith lewd women — Seralio. 
Seraphic, angelic — Seraphique. 

Serenade, lover's songs in the night — (Italian) Serenata. 
Serge, a kind of woollen cloth — Serge. 
Serjeant, one that executes an officer's orders — Sergent. 
Serosity, a icatery part of the blood — Serosite. 
Serry, to press together — Serrer. 
Servitor, a servant — Serviteur. 
Serviceable, profitable — Serviceable. 
Sever, to part, or divide — Severer. 
Shallop, a small boat — Chalorpe. 
Shallow, not deep, shoal and low — Shallov/. 
Shaker, an excressence — Chancre, 
Shrove Tuesday, Shrive to confess, and Tuesday, tlie tide 

Siege, the act of besieging a strong place — Sieger. 
Signol, remarkable — Signal. 
Signet, a seal — Signette. 
Simar, a woman's robe — Simarre. 
Siraoniac, a buyer of church livings — Simoniaque. 
Simony, fro7n Simon, who wanted to buy the Holy Ghost 

— Simonie. 
Singularise, to make particular — Singulariser. 
Sinuous, bending in and out — Sinueux. 
Sire, a father — Sire. 
SkifF, a small light boat — Esquif. 
Skillet, a small boiler — Escuellette. 
Skip, to leap or jump — (Italian) Squttare. 


Skirmislifr, one fond of Jighting — Escarmouche'ur. 

Slate, a gray fossile stone — Esclate. 

8kamper, away, with haste — Escamper. 

Slave, a bond servant — Esclave. 

Soar, to mount aloft — (Italian) Sorare. 

Sober, temper ale — Sobre. 

Sobriety — temperance — Sobriete. 

Soccage, for managing their lord^s land they held their 
own — Soc. 

Socket, a hollow pijje —Souchette. 

Solder, to cement or join by metal — (Italian) Solidare. 

Sofa, (Arabic) a splendid seat covered with carpets. 

Sojourn, to dwell in a foreign country for a time — Se- 

Sol, or Son, a French coin, value one penny— Sol, Sou. 
*,':mnize, to celebrate — Solemniser. 
.iemness, gravity — Solemnite. 

Sonnet, an ornament for the neck — Solitaire. 

Soletaire, a poem of fourteen verses of Petrarch — Son- 

Sonata, a tune to be performed ivith instruments — (Italian) 

Sorcerer, a conjurer — Sorcier. 

Sovereign, a supreme ruler — Souverain. 

Sough, a drain under ground — Sous. 

Soup, made of boiling flesh (/oicw— Soupc. 

Source, a spring, an original — Source. 

Spadille, at ombre and quadrille, means the ace of 

Spaniel, a dog used in the ivaters, S^c. — Espagneal. 

Spavin, an excresscnce on the inside of a horse's hough — - 

Spice, used in seasoning, or sauces — Espices. 

Spinet, a musical instrument with keys — Espinett^. 


Spital Moss, contracted from Hospital Moss, where, in time$ 
past, there must have been some charitable institu- 

Splenetic, peevish, troubled ivith spleen — Splenetique. 

Spontaneity, voluntariness — Spontaneite. 

Spousals, marriage — Espousalles. 

Spouse, husband or wife — Espouse. 

Sprite, contraction of spirit, spectre, ghost — Sprite. 

Squadron, a body of horse from 1 to 200 — (Italian) Squad- 

Squat, to sit cowering — (Italian) Quattare. 

Squinancy, a swelling of the throat — Squinancie. 

Squirrel, a small animal in woods, very nimble — Escurueil. 

Stack, a large quantity of hay or corn — (Italian) Staeca. 

Stage, a floor on which players act — Estage. 

Stamp, to make an impression — Estampe. 

Stanch, to stop blood — Estancher. 

Stanchion, an iron bar in a window — Estangon, 

Standard, the ensign for the cavalry — Estandart. 

Stanza, consisting of more than two lines — (Italian) Stanza. 

Statuary, a graver of images — Statuaire. 

Sterling, /row Esterlings, or the EdLst, first coiners — Genu- 

Stifle, to suffocate — Estoufer. 

Stigmatize, to mark with a brand — Stigmatiser. 

Stilletto, a small dagger — (Italian) Stilletto. 

Stoccado, a thurst — (Italian) Stoccado. 

Strain, to squeeze liquor through any thing — Estreindre. 

Strait, opposed to ivide — Estroit. 

Strange, foreign — Estrange. 

Strata, beds of layers of different kinds — Strata. 

Solo, a tune su7ig by one person alone — (Italian) Solo. 

Somersault, Somer, a beam, and Sault, a leap — Somersault, 

Strappado, a kind of rack — (Italian) Strappado. 



Stucco ^ ^h€ plasfer for ceiling — (Italian) Stucco, 

Sturdy, harcli/, ohstinate — Estourdi. 

Suavity, sweetness — Suavite. 

Subaltern, an inferior — Subalterne. 

Subject, one who is subject to another — Sujet. 

Sublime, a grand and lofty style — Sublime. 

Subsistence, real being — Subsistence. 

Substitute, one placed to act for another — Substitut. 

Subtilty, thinness — Subtilte. 

Subtiiization, act of rarefying — Subtilisation. 

Subtilize, to rarefy — Subtiliser. 

Successive, consecutive or following — Successif. 

Succour, aid or relief — Secours. 

Suction, tlte act of sucking — Succion, 

Sudorific, causing sweat — Sudorifique. 

Sufferance, pain — SoufFrance. 

Sugar, the native salt of the sugar cane — Sucre. 

Suit, a set of new deaths ; cause or action — Suite, 

Sully, to soil, or spoil — -Souiller. 

Sum, to reckon up — Somoner. 

Summary, short, brief — Summaire. 

Siimpter, a horse that carries furniture — Sommier. 

Supper, to treat with a supper — Souper, 

Superficial, light, shallow — Superficial. 

Superfluity, 7nore than enough — Superfluite. 

Superiority, pre-eminence — Superiorite. 

Supernumerary, useless — Supernumeraire. 

Supplant, to trip up the heels — Supplanter. 

Supple, yielding — Souple. 

Suppliant, supplicating — Suppliant. 

Supplication, intr eating — Supplication^ 

Support, to sustain — Supporter. 

Suppurate, to form pus or matter — Suppurer. 

Surcharge, to overcharge — Sur('liari>-er. 


Siircoat, a coat above dthers ; as, Surtout, 

Sure, certain — Seiire, 

Surety, certain ft/ — Surete. 

Surface, sur, above, and face, outside — Surface. 

Surfeit, sur, above, and faire, to feed too much — a Sur 

Surgery, manual operations — Chirurgie. 
Surmise, to suspect — Surmiser. 
Surmise, an imperfect notion — Surmise. 
Surmount, to rise above — Surmoiiter. 
Surname, the family name — Surnom. 
Surpass, to pass over ; sur, and passer — Surpasser. 
Surplus, sur, and plus, overplus ; remainder. 
Surplice, for sur, and plico, to hang infolds over all. 
Surprize, to take ?/wa?x'rtre5— Surpris. 
Surrender, to give up to an enemy — Serendre. 
Surreption, taken by craft — Surprise. 
Sur, for Subrogate, a deputy — Sub, and rogo. 
Surround, to enveron — Surrender. 
Survey, to look over ; from Survoir. 
Survive, sur, and vivo, to outlive ; or Super, and vivo. 
Suspense, uncertainty — Suspens. 
Suspiral, a vent, or airhole — Soupirail. 
Sute, sort, or kind — Suit. 

Tabard, a kind of jacket— Ta}m\d. 

Tabby, a kind of rich silk — Tabis. 

Tabellio, a scrivener— T?ihe\\ion, 

Tabor, a small drum beaten trith a stick — Tabor. «^ 

Tack, to fasten to any ^/ii. v^—Tacher. 


TafFety, a silken manufactuTe — Taffetas. 

Taillage, a 'piece cut out of the whole — Tailler. 

Tailor, from tailler, to rut ; one that make clothes— Tsiii- 

leur. ^ 

Taint, to infect, or corrupt — Teindre. 
Taint, a stain, or blot, corruption — Teinte, 
Tallage, impost, excise — Tallage. 
Tally, any thing made to suit another — Tailler. 
Talon, the claw of a bird of prey — Talon. 
Tan, to make brown by the sun — Tanner. 
Tank, a large cistern, or bason — Tanque. 
Tantamount, of equal value — Tantamount. 
Tapestry, cloth tvoven with forms of beasts — Tapesterie. 
Tarantula, a kind of spider — (Italian) Tarantula. 
Tare, the weight of any thing containing any thing — Tare. 
Tariff, a book of customs — Tariffe. 
Tarnish, to sully, or soil — Ternir. 

Tar, should be Terrier, from Terre, the earth — Terrier. 
Tart, a small fruit pfe-^-Tarte. 
Tassel, an ornamental bunch of silk — Tasse. 
Taste, to distinguish by the palate — Taster. 
Tavern, where wine is sold — Taverne. 
Tax, to load with imposts — Taxer. 
Tea, the leaf of a Chinese shrub — The. 
Temperament, the habitude of the body — Temperament. 
Temperature, constitution of nature — Temperature. 
Tempestuous, stormy — Tempestueux. 
Temporize, to delay, or put off — Temporiser. 
Tempter, one who seduces another — Tentateur. 
Tenable, such as may be maintained — Tenable. 
Tenant, he that holds of another — Tenant. 
Tender, delicate, effeminate — Tendre. 
Tenderness, softness, kindness — Tendresse. 
Tendinous, si?iewy^^T endhieux. 


Tendril, the clasp of a ^i/ie— -Tendrillon. 

Tenement, proper tij, a house held— Tenement. 

Tense, ow/y three tenses, or times ; past, present, future 

— Temps. 
Tenon, a piece of timber cut to fit another — Tenon. 
Terrace, or Terras, a bank, or walk — (Italian) Terraccia. 
Testator, one that leaves a will — Testateur. 
Testy, fretful— Te^We. 
Tete-a-tete, face toface—^Teie-Q.-ie\je, 
Textuary, well skilled in the scriptures — Textuaire. 
Theorbo, a large lute — (Italian) Tiorba. 
Theory, speculation — Theorie. 
Theorical, speculative — Theorique. 
Treacle, Theriace, cures poisonous bites; fl^^ Ther, will 

beasts, and akeomai, to cure. 
Thump, a hard and heavy blow — (Italian) Thombo. 
Tick, a linen case for feather beds — Tique. 
Ticket, a right, or claim — Etiquet. 
Tickle, to create a tiiiUation — Titillo. 
Tinsel, any thing shewy, of little value — Estincelle. 
Tissue, cloth interwoven with gold and silver — Tissue. 
Titular, nominal — Titulaire. 
Toise, a French measure, six feet long — Toise. 
Torment, to put to pain — Tourmenter. 
Tornado, a whirlwind, or hurricane — (Spanish) Tornado. 
Tortoise, for land ar water — Tortue. 
Toupee, an artificial curl of hair — Toupet. 
Tour, a ramble — Tour. 

Tourniquet, to stop bleeding ; also a turnstile — Tourniquet. 
Towage, money for touting a vessel — Tone. * 
Towel, a cloth used for wiping the hands — Touaille. 
Trace, to follow footsteps — Tracer. 

Trade, the exchange of goods for money — (Italian) Tratta. 
Traffic, large trade — Traffique. 


Trail, to hunt by track — Trailler. 

Train, to draw along — Trainer. 

Trait, a stroke or touch — Trait. 

TrameJ, a net — Tramail. 

Transe, the soul ivrapt in visions — Transe. 

Trans, in cotnposition, means over, beyond, through. 

Transitory, abiding a short time — Transitoire. 

Transparent, clear, cfztfp/mwow^-— Transparent. 

Transpose, to alter or c/i«w^e— Transposes 

Transubstantiate, to change substance — Transubstantier. 

Travail, to labour hard — Travailler. 

Traverse, something that goes across — Traverser. 

Travesty, to disjigure an author — Travestir. 

Treachery, p er/ic/y— Tricherie. 

Treacle, a medicine composed ofmolosses and Triacle. 

Treason, a betraying ^ disloyalty — Trahison. 

Treasure, riches — Tresor. 

Treat, to negotiate — Traiter. 

Treatment, usage — Traitement. 

Treatment, a covenant — Traite. 

Treble, to multiply by three — Tripler. 

Trefoil, or Clover, an useful plant — Trefle. 

Tremble, to shake with fear, or cold — Trembler. 

Trench, a jnt, or ditch — Tranche. 

Trenchant, cutting, sharp — Trenchant. 

Trepan, a surgical instrument, a snare — Trepaner. 

Trespass, a7i offence, or injury — Trespasser, 

Trespass, an injury — Trespasse. 

Trestle, a three-legged stool ; Trevet — Trestean. 

Trey, three — Trois. 

Triad, three united — Triacle. 

Trick, to defraud — Tricher. 

Trigger, a catch to pull to fire a gun — Trigue. 

Trill, in music to quaver — (Italian) Trilla. 


Trinity, three in one — Trinite. 

Tripe, coiv's entrails properly dressed — Tripe. . 

Triturate, to pulverise or powder — Triturer. 

Troop, a small body of horse y or dragoons — Troupe. 

Trot, to move joltingly — Trotter. 

Trouble, to disturb — Trouble. 

Trover, an action against one finding ^ and not restoring 

— Trouver. 
Truck, to exchange, to barter — Troquer. 
Trudge, to jog on heavily — (Italian) Truggiolare. 
Truffle, a genus of fungi, or mushroom — Trufle. 
Trull, a bad woman — (Italian) Trulla. 
Trump, a trumpet — Trompe. 

Trumpet, a noble musical instrument — Trompette. . 
Truncheon, a short staff- — Troncon. 
Trunk, the stump of a tree — Tronc. 
Trunnions, the knobs of a cannon — Trognons. 
Truss, a bundle of hay, 66lbs. weight — Trousse. 
Try, io examine — Trier. 
Tuft, a bunch of feat hers ^-Tuffe, 
Tumbrel, a dung cart, a ducking 5^00/— Tombereau. 
Tumultuous, riotous — Tumultueux. 
Turcoise, an ore of copper — Turquoise. 
Turner, one who turns wood, or metal — Tourner. 
Turtle, a sea tortoise — Tortue. 
Tweezers, nippers to pull off hairs — Etui. 
Tyrannise, to govern impei^iously — T^ranniser, 

&6 - 

u— v., 

V AGABOND, icanderin^ aZ»o^/^— Vagrant, Vagabond. 

Vail, a curtain, or cover ; also Veil — Voile. 
Valet-de-chambre, one who dresses his master — Vale-d^- 

Valiant, brave — Vaillant. 
Validate, to make good — Valider. 
Valorous, brave — Valoreux. 
Valuation, appraisement — Valuation. 
Value, to rate at a high price — Valoir. 
Van, the front, or first line of an army — xlvant. 
Van, to winnow corn — Vanner. 

Vancourier, a harbinger, one going before — A vaut- courier, 
Vanguard, the front or van — x\vant-garde. 
Vanquish, to conquer — Vaincre 
Vaporiferons, causing vapours — Vaporifen 
Varlet, a rascal — Varlet. 
Vassal, a dependant — Vassal. 
Vassalage, subjection — Vasselage. 
Vault, to shape like an arch, to leap — Voltiger. 
Vaunt, to brag, or boast — Vanter. 
Veer, to turn about — Virer. 
Vegetative, producing growth — Vegetatif. 
Venery, hunting, or with Venus— \cx\mQ, 
Venge, to punish — Venger. 
Vengeance, punishment — Vengeance. 
Venison, the flesh of deer — Venaison, 
Venom, poison — Venin. 
Vent, to publish^ or utter — Venier. 
Venture, hazard — A venture 
Verbosity, much prattle — Verbosite. 


Terdigris, the green of grey ; a poison. 

Verdcleleav, color xrf green water ; a touchstone for gold 

or silver. 
Verdure, green colour — Verdurfe. 
Verify, to prove true — Verefier. 
Vermicelli, (Italian) ^owr made like worms, and put into 

Versifier, one that makes verses — Versificateur. 
Vessel, which will hold water — Vaisselle. 
Wdindif food for a journeif^-Y'idinde. 
Victuals, sustenance — Victuailles. 
Victualler, a publican — Victuaillier. 
Vinegar, sour icine — Vinaigre. 
Vintage, the season for making wine — Vinage. 
Violet, a plant hearing a sweet flower — Violette. 
Violin, a fiadley or violin — :Violon. 
Virtuoso, skilled in curiosities, paintings, Sfc. — (Italian) 

Visage, the countenance — Visage. 
Viscount, next to an Earl — Viscomte. 
Visit, tli€ act of going to see — Visite. 
Vista, a view, or prospect through a ivood, avenue, S^'c. — 

(Italian) Vista. 
Vivacity, sprightliness — Vivacite. 
Vivify, to animate — Vivifier. 
Visual, used in sight — Visuel. 
Vogue, fashion — Vogue. 
Void, empty — Vuide. 

Volcano, a burning mountain — (Italian) Volcano. 
Volley, a discharge of shot — Volee. 
Volubility, act of rolling — Volubilite. 
Vowel, a letter which sounds of itself perfectly — Voyelle. 

Voyage, any distance passed by water — Voyage, 


llbiqulty, omnipresence — Ubiquite. 

Urictiwi, the act of anointing — Onction, 

Unotiious, fat — Onctueux. 

Urinal, a glass vessel to make water i*«-— UrinaJ. 

Usage, treatment — Usage. 

Usance, use — Usance. 

Usher, an under master — Huisser. 

Usual, common — UsueL 

Utensil, an instrument used in a hause — Uien«ile. 

T? AIL, to moan — (Italian) Gualare. 
Wardrobe, a place to keep clotkes—G^rdembe^. 
Warrau t, maintain — Garan iLr. 


The meaning of most of the words below are given according to 
the Hebrew, Chaldee, Syriac, Greek, Latin, and other ancient lan- 
guages, which often make a difference in the meaning of the same 

Aharon, a teacher^ a hill, a mountain, a strong hill — the 
son of Amram and Jochebed ; the elder brother of 
Moses and of Miriam, 

Ahk^Aou, destroying — one of the Hebrew names for the 
Devil : in Greek, Apollyon, which means the same, a 

Abagtha,ya/Aer of the ivine-press—^onQ of the seven cham- 
berlains of Ahasuerus. 

A'bana, stony, a building. Father, I beseech now — a river 
of Damascus in Syria. 

A^barim, going over, conceiving, all kinds oj corn — moun- 
tains to the east of Jordan. 

A'baron, strength — the son Mattathias. 

A'bba — It signifies in the Syriac, Father. 

A'bda, a servant, a cloud — father of Adodirara# 

A'bdias, the servant of the Lord — the steward of A hab's 

A'bdiel, a servant of God, a cloud of God^s store — the fa- 
ther of Alii, of the posterity of Gad. 
A'bdon, a servant y a cloud of justice — a city of Palestine, 

in the tribe of Asher. 
Abednego, a servant of shining — the name given to Aza- 

riah the companion of Daniel. 
A'bel, mourning, vanifi/, vapour — the second son of Adam 

who was slain b}^ his brother Cain. 
A'bel-Misraim — the mourning of Egypt. 
A'bel-Shittim — the sorrow of thorns, 
A/bi, mi/ father — motI]er of Htzekiah kingof Jndah. 
Abiah, the will of the Lord — the second son of tije prophet 

Abialbon, the father of great understanding — one of king 

David's worthies. 
Abiasaph, a gathering, consuming father— a son ofKorah, 

and a descendant of Levi. 
Abiather,/«///er of the remnant, or of contemplation — son 

of Abiraelech and tenth high priest. 
A' bib, green fruits, ears of corn — the name of the first 

EleVjrew sacred month before the departure from 

Egypt, and then called Nisaii, our March and part 

of April. 
Abirlah,/tt/A^r of knowledge — the son of Mldian. 
A'b\(\nn, father of judgjnent — the son of Gtdeoiii. 
A'biel, mi/ father is God — grandfather of king Saul. 
Ai>iezer, the father s help — on^ of king David's worthies. 
Abiga'i, the father's jo>/ — the wife of cliurlish Nabal, 

and afterwards married to king David, E. C. lOGO, 
Abiha;! — the father of strength, riches or sorrow. 


Abilifi, he is father himself— the son of Aaron, the liigh 

priest, by Elisheba. 
Abihud, the father of praise, confession — the father of 

Abijah, the null of the Lord — the wife of Ahaz, and the 

mother of Hezekiah, king of Jiida. 
Abijain, the father of tlie sea — the soo of Rehoboam, and 

king of Jiida, B. C. 955 years. 
Abilene, tt'^/'/^z/?^, mournings the son of a mansion — a pro- 
vince of Syria. 
Abimnel, a father from God — one of thesons of Joktan, 
Abimelech, tJie king^s father^ father of counsel — the two 

kings of Gerar in Philistia, so named. 
Abinadab, the father of a vow, or of a free mind — the sou 

of Jesse and brother of king David. 
Abinoarn, the father of beauty, or gladness — the father of 

Abiram, a high father, a father of election — the eldest 

son of Hiel, rebnilder of Jericho. 
A^bishag, the father s ignorance or error — a beautiful 

Shunaiirite virgin, who was sent to comfort David ia 

bis old age. 
Abisha^i, thefather^s reward-^the son of Zeruiah, king 

David's sister, and one of his generals. 
Abishalom, father of peace — the father of Maachah who 

was the mother of Abijam. 
Abishuah, the father of salvation — the son of Phinehas, 

and fourth high |3riest of the Jews. 
A^bisbur, the father of a song — the sonof Shammai, of the 

posterity of Judah. 
A'bital, the father of the dew — the fifth wife of king Da- 
vid, and mother of Shephatiah, 

A'bitub, the father of goodness — one of the posterity of 

tlie patriarch Benjamin. 
A'biud, the father of goodness — the son of Zerobabel. 
A'bner, the father's cand/e-^ihe son of Ner, the Uncle of 

king Saul, and general of his armies. 
A'bram or Abraham, a high father, or a father of a great 

multitude-^ihe son of Terah, born at Ur, inChaldea, 

and father of Isaac, and husband to Sarah, died B. C. 

1821, aged 175 years. 
A' hi^d.\om, father of peace, the father's reward — the son of 

David, by Maacah : was slain by Joab for rebelling 

against his father, B. C. 1020. 
A'ccad, a spark — a city of Asia, built by Nimrod. 
Accho, pressed together— -d city of Palestine. 
A'chan, troubling, gnashing — the son of Carmi, 
A'chim — rising again, revenging their brother. 
Achimelech, a king's brother, of his council — a priest of 

Nob, to whom king David went. 
A'chior, the brother's light — a general of the Ammonites. 
Achiram, a brother of craft — called also Abiram, 
A'chish, it is so — a king of Gath in Philistia. 
A'chitob or tub, a brother of goodness — the father of the 

high priest Zadok. 
Achitophel, a brother ofruin-^wn eminent counsellor, in 

the reign of king David, who hanged himself. 
Anchor, trouble — a valley of Palestine. 
AY'hsa, adorned, wanton and dishonest-^ihe daughter of 

Caleb and wife of Othniel. 
A'chshaph, a prisoner, sorcerer^ a witch — a city of Pales- 
tine in the tribe of Asher. 
A'chzib, a liar — a city of Palestine, in the valley. 
A'da, an assembly ^^Xh^ second wife of Lamech. 

Adadab, the witness of a congregation — a city of Palestine 

ill the tribe of Jndah. 
Ada^iah, the witness of the Lord — the fatber of Jedidab, 

the mother of king Josiah. 
Adaliab, poverty^ a cloud — one of the sons of Haman, 

whom the Jews slew. 
A'dam, man, earthy^ red, bloody — the first man who was 

created, who died, aged 930 years. 
A'damah, red, bloody— a city of Pentapolis and destroyed 

by fire with Sodom and Gomorrah. 
A'dar, power and greatness — the twelfth month of the 

Jewish ecclesiastical ye'ir. [IshmaeL 

A'bdeel, a vapour or cloud of God — one of the sons of 
A'ddan, Lord or foundation — a city near Babylon. 
A'ddi, witness — the father of Melchi. 
A'ddin, delicious or volupfuous — as Adin. 
AMI el, the ivitness of God — of the posterity of Simeon. 
Aditha im, a congregation or witness — a boundary, a city 

of Palestine, in the tribe of Judah. 
A'dlai, witness to me — the father of Shaphet. 
A'dmatha, a cloud or vapour of death — a prince of Persia 

and Media. 
A'dna, everlasting rest — a son of Pahath Moab. [David. 
Adonias, the Lord is the ruler — the fourth son of king 
Adonibezek, the Lord's thunder — a king of the city of 

Bezek in Palestine. 
Adonikam, the Lord is risen — one that returned from the 

Babylonish captivity. 
Adoiiiram, the high Lord — the receiver of the tributes of 

king Solomon. 
Adonizedek, the righteousness of the Lord — a king of 
Salem, or Jerusalem. 


Adoraim, the strength of the sea — a city of Palestine. 
Adia'rnelech, the king's cloak, power or might — the son of 

Sennacherib, king of Syria. 
Adramyttium, the court or mansion of deaths mixed com^' 

monalty — a city of Mysia in lesser Asia. 
A'diiel, the flock of God — the son of Barzillai. 
AduUam, an ornament of their misery — a city of Palestine 

in the tribe of Judah, 
JE^gypt, anguish, tribulation — in the Hebrew it is Miz- 

raim, it. is a large country of Africa. 
iE'neas, praised — a man whom the apostle Peter miracu- 
lously healed of the palsy, 
^theopia, black or burning — an extensive country of 

Africa to the south of Egypt. 
ATrica, without cold — one of the four quarters of the 

globe, 4000 miles in length, and as many in breadth 

from east to west. 
A'gaba, a grasshopper — same as Agabus, a locust, 
A^gag, a garret or upper room — a king of the Amalikites, 

who was hewn in pieces by Saul. 
A'gee, a valley — one of king David's warriors. [Great. 
Agrippa, sick and wearied — a grandson of Herod the 
A'gur, a stranger — mentioned in Proverbs. 
A'hab, the brothers' father — king of Israel, died B. C. 897. 
Aha' rah, a sweet savouring — son of Benjamin. 
Ahasuerus, a prince or head — a king of Persia, Esther's 

A'haz, possessing — a king of Judah, 
Ahaziah, a possession of the Lord — a son of Ahab. 
A^hi, my brother — the son of Shamer. 
A'hiah, the brother of the Lord — a son of Shisha. 
A'hiam, brother of the mother -^oxiQ of David's worthies. 


Ahiezer, a brother's help — a prince of the tribe of Dan. 
A'hihud, brother of vanity — a descendant from Benjamin. 
A'hikam, a brother rising to revenge — son of Shaphan. 
A'hilud, a brother born — the father of Jehoshaphat. 
Ahiraa'az, brother of counsel — father to Abinoam. 
A'himan, a brother of the right hand — a son of Anak. 
Ahimelech, the king^ s brother — a priest of Nob. 
A'himoth, a dead brother — son of Elkanah. 
Ahinadab, a willing brother — son of Iddo. 
Ahinoam, the brother^s beauty — wife of king Saul. 
A^hira, brother of iniquity — son of Enon. 
Ahiram, brother of craft or protection — son of Benjamin, 
Ahisamach, brother of support — father of Aboliah. 
Ahisha'hur — brother of morning dew or darkness. 
A'hisham. brother of the prince — Solomon's steward. 
A'hiud, brother of praise — son of Shelomi. 
A'hlab, brother of the heart — a city of Palestine. 
A'hlai, sorrowing — the daughter of Sheshan. 
Aliolah, a mansion — Samaria so called. 
Aholbah, my mansion in her — Jerusalem. 
Aholiab, the tent of the father — of the tribe of Dan. 
Aholiba'mah, my famous mansion — a duke of Edom. 
Ahuma'i — a meadow of waters — a brother of waters. 
Ahuzam, taking possession — a descendant of Judah. 
Ahdzzah — possession or vision, a collection. 
A'i, a heap — a city of ancient Canaan. 
Aiah, desolation^an isle — a vulture, a raven, 
A^iath, an eye, afountain-^a city of Palestine, 
A'ijalon, an oak, strength — the son of Zibeon. [music. 
A'ijeleth, Shahar, the hind of the morning — a note of 
A'kkub, the print of afoot, supplantation, lewdness, 
A'kra bbim, scorpions — a city of the Amorites, 


Ali/melech — the kingdom of God, the council of God, 
A'lcimns, strength — an high priest of tlie Jews. 
Alexa'nder, an he/per of men^ most strong and virtuous — 

a king of Macedon, called the Great, died B. C. 323, 

aged 33 years. 
A' Wo i\, strong, an oak — descended from Simeon. 
AMldn-Ba'chfuh — the oak of the jnourning 
Alniodad — the measure of God or court of the beloved 
AMmon, hidden — a city of Palestine. [ment. 

Almon-Biblathaim, in a heap of fig-frees — 40tb encamp- 
Altekon — God^s correction : Alpheus — learned, 
A'lvah, rising vp higher — a duke of Edom. 
AMush, mingling together — 10th encampment. 
Amal, labour, iniqniti/ — a son of Helem. 
A' mad, a people of witness or prey — a cit}^ of Palestine. 
A'malek, a smiting people — the son of Eliphaz. 
A'man, mother, fear of them — a city of Palestine. 
A'mana,yai//i, truth, nurse — a mountain in Cilicia. 
Amaridh — the Lord said, the lamb of the Lord. 
Amaziah — the strength or burthen of the Lord, 
Amen — true, fait hfil, certain, or so be it. 
A' mi, mother, fear, or people — Solomon's servants. 
A^nlnadab — a free people, vowing, prince of people. 
A'mmah — his people : Ammi — mt/ people : Ammiel — the 

people of God, 
A'ramithud — people of praise and confession. 
Amisha'ddai — the people of the Almighty, 
A'mmon, the son of my people — descendants of Benammi. 
Amraonai, o?ir people — a city of Palestine. 
A'mmon, true, faithful — so is Amon l6th king of Judab. 
A'morites, bitter people, cruel rebels, talkative — they lived 

round the dead sea or lake of Sodom. 


A'mos or z, hurden^ strong — the father of the prophet 

A'lnram, a high people — one of the tribes of Levi, 
A'nab, a grape or knot — a city of Palestine. 
Anaha'rath, burn^ wrath — a city of Palestine. 
A'nak, giants — the people of ancient Canaan. 
Ananiah, the cloud or deliverance of the Lord — a city of 

Ananiel, grace from or of God — the grandfather of Tobit. 
A'nath, poverty, affliction — the father of Shamger. 
A'na'thema, Marana'tha (SyriacJ — the Lord comes or is 

Ana^thoth, answers, songs — a city of Palestine. 
A'ndrew, manly — one of the twelve apostles of our Saviour 
A'nem or nen — an answer ; song of them ; their aiSliction 

and poverty. 
A'nna, merciful, taking rest — a prophetess. 
A^ntioch, for a chariot, a waggon — where St. Paul and 

Barnabas preached. 
A^ntipas, against all — Herod Antipas son of Herod the 

Antothijah, songs of the Lord, afflictions — a Benjamite. 
Apocrypha, to hide or conceal — not admitted into the 

Canon of Scripture. 
A pelles, expelling — bishop of Heraclea. 
Apha'raim, digging and searching the ^^a— see Hapha- 

Apha'rrsites, tearing in pieces — people of Samaria. 
A'phek, vigour, going forth — a city of ancient Canaan. 
A'phiah, speaking, blowing — ancestor of king Saul. 
Apocalypse — the Revelation of St. John the divine. 
A'phrah, dust — a city of Palestine. [phanes. 

Apollonius, destroying — an officer of Antiochus Epi- 


ApoWy on, destroi/cr — the devil. 

A'ppaim,yflfc^, nostrils — son oj' Nadab. 

A(\\x\\^, an eagle — the name of St. Paul's host. 

Ar, a rearing up, watches — capital city of the Moabites, 

A'ra, cursing, seeing — a son of Jether. 

A'rab, multipfying, window, locust — a c\ty of Palestine. 

Ava'bia, evening, sweetness, a crow, a desart — in A'^ia. 

A'rad, a ivild ass, a dragon — a city of the Amorites. 

A^ah, the way, a traveller — one returning from Babylon. 

A' ram, highness j deceiving, their curse — the fifth son of 

Shem . 
A' ran, an ark, malediction — a son of Dishon. ' 
Ararat, a curse of trembling, light oj^ a runner — Armenia* 
A'rba — -four: Araunah — a7i ark, a son, rejoicing, our light, 
Axc\v\pp\i^, a governor of horses — mentioned by St. Paul, 
ArctArus, gathering together — a star in theskirt of Bootes. 
A'rdon, ruling, the judgment of malediction — a son of 

Areli — the altar, or light of God, or the sight oj God, 
A/retas, virtuous — a king of Arabia. 
A'rgob — turf of earth, fat Land, curse of the well. 
A'riel, altar, lion or light of God — a city of Moab. 
Arimathea — a lion dead unto God, or the light of the 

Lord's death, 
A^ri5ch — long, tall, thy drunkenness, the lion. 
Arista' rchus, the best prince — a companion of St. Paul. 
Aristobulus, the best counsellor — brother to Barnabas. 

Ark-kibotos, to dwell or inhabit — ark of Noah and of the 

Armageddon, the hill of the gospel, the hill of apples — 
or of fruit, or of meeting. 

Amnion — rejoicing, the ark, the light of the sun, 

A' rod, ruling, descending — -froin whom came the Arodites, 


Arod'i, a rulhg, domineerivg Hon — one of the sons of Gad. 

A loer — the watch of watches, the raising yp oj' watches. 

A'rpad or phad — the light of redemption, 

Ar^hii Kiid, healivg — a sou of the patriarch Shem. 

Artaxerxes — light, malediction, fervent to spoil. 

A'rteiiias — sound, whole, without fault, sightly, 

Aiuiiiah — high, exalted, cast away. 

A\sa, a physician — king of Judah, died B. C. 914. 

A'sciel, God hath wrought — an ancestor of Tobit. Same 

as Asahel-asaiah. 
A'saph, gathering — sang in concert with the cymbals. 
Asareel, Asaielah, the beatitude of God — of the tribe of 

A'scalon — the fire of infamy, a balance. 
A'setiath — a peril, a thing unfortunate. 
A^shan, a fume or smoke — axity of Palestine. 
Aslibe), a/2 old fre — a descendant of the tribe of Benjamin. 
A'shdod — a robbing of a country, inclination, learning. 
A^sher, blessedness or felicity — second son of Jacob by 

A'shimath— ///<?^r^ of the sea, the offence. 
A'slikenaz— ^r^, that distils or spreads. 
A'shriel, the beatitude of God — son of Manasseh, 
A shtai oth, ^oc/j.9, riches, horns — in Canaan. 
A'shtemotli — fre of divination, perfection or simplicity. 
Ashuath — doing or making vestments. 
A'shur, blessed, travelling, beholding — sf>n of Shem. 
Ashurim — lai^ers in wait, slow goers, beholders. 
A'hicl, the word of God — one of the posterity of Simeon. 
A'bniaveth — a strong death, a buck, goat, the strength of 

Asmodeus — a destroyer, abounding in sin. 
A.nappci — unhapptjuss, misfortune of the calf. 


A'srlel, the beatitude of God-^a son of Gilead. 

Assideans, pious, merciful — a numerous sect of the Jews. 

A'ssir — bound, imprisoned, prohibited. 

A^ssos, drawing near to — a sea-port town near Troas. 

Assyria, happy — an ancient country of Asia. 

Astyages, a governor of the city — also a leader. 

Asuppini, the counsel of God — the treasury place, 

A' tad, a thorn — afterwards called Abel Mizraim. 

Asyncritus, incomparable — bishop of Hercania. [Ion. 

A'ter, the left hand: shut — one who returned from Baby» 

A'thach, thy hour, thy time — a city of Palestine. 

Athaliah — the hour or ti?ne of the Lord, 

Athenobius — the love of Minerva, 

Athens — without increase ; of Minerva. 

Athlai — jny hour, my time, time unto me, 

A'ven — iniquity, sorrow, strength, riches, 

Augustus — lucky, royal, consecrated of great magnificence 

Avims, wicked, perverse men — inhabitants of ancient Pa- 

Azaliah, a departure of God — Sephan's father. 

Azaniah — hearkening the Lord; the weapons of the Lord, 

Azaziah — the strength of the Lord, 

Azekah — the strength of walls. 

A'zgad — a strong army, strength of felicity ; a gang of 
robbers, a troop of soldiers, 

A^zmon — a bone of a hone, our strength, 

Aznoth Tabor — the ears of election, or of purity, or of 
contrition, or breaking, 

A'zor — an helper, entry, a court, converted, 

A'zriel — the help of God, 

A'zrikam — help, rising up, revenging, 

A'zzur, holpen or helped-'-on^ who sealed the covenant 
with Nehemiah. 



Baal or Bel, master, lord, or husband — son of Joel. 

Baalah, her idol, or a spouse — a city of Palestine. 

Baalath, a proud lord or husband, 

Baal-Beer, subjected pit, a city of Palestine. 

Baal-Berith — idol of the covenant, 

Baal-Gad, idol of the troops — a city near Libanon. 

Baal-Hamon — one who rules a multitude. 

Baal-Hazor, the possessor of grace — a city of Palestine. 

Baal-Hermon — the possessor of destruction. 

Baali, my idol or my lord — so is Baalim. 

Baalis, a proud lord — a king of the Ammonites. 

Baal-Peor, master of the opening — a Moabitish deity, 
Baal-Perazim — master or god of divisions. 
Baal-Tamar — master of the palm-tree. 
Baal-Zebub — the master of the flies. 

Baana — in affliction : answering, 

Baara, aflame, or purging — a wife of Shaharaira. 

Baasha — in the work, or he who lays waste. 

Baasiah, in making or pressing together. 

Babel, confusion or mixture — a city of Nimrod. 

Babylon, confusion or mixture — capital of Chaldea. 

Baca, a mulberry tree — a village on the edge of Galilee. 

Bagoas — the inward parts ; most secret, advanced; lifted 
up, bodily. 

Bahurim — warlike or valiant. 

Bakbuk — a narrow-mouthed bottle. 

Balaam, the ancient of the people or their destruction — a 
soothsayer among the Heathens, of the city of Pethor. 

Baladan — without rule or judgment. 

Balak — who lays waste and destroys. 

Bamah — an eminence or high place. 



Bamotb-Baal— Ai^'/i places of Baal. 

Barabbas — the son oj confusion or shame. 

Barachiah, who blesses God — fatber of Zecbariab. 

Barak, thunder^ or in vain — fougbt against Sisora. 

Barcenor — a drunkard or wine-bibber. 

Barjesus, son of Jesus — called also Elj^mas. 

Barjonab, the son of a dove — or of Jonas, 

Barnabas, the son of consolation — St. Paul's companion. 

Ba'rsabas, son of return, or of rest — surnamed Justus. 

Bartbolomew — a son that suspends the waters, 

Ba'rucb, one that is blessed — be repaired Jerusalem's walls. 

Barzillai, the son of contempt — eigbty years old. 

Ba'san or Basban— m the chance or in the sleep. 

Basbematb — perfumed, or confusion of death, 

Ba'tbsbeba, seventh daughter, or the daughter of an oathj 

tbe wife of Uriab. 
Bealiab — the god of an idol, or in an assembli/* 
Bebai, void or empty — a Babylonisb captive. 
Becber — the first begotten or first fruits. 
Bedad, alone or solitary — so is Bedan. 
Beeliada, an open idol — one of David's sons. 
Beerelim, the well of Elim — mentioned by Tsaiab. 
Beerlabairoi — the well of him that lives and see me. 
Beersbeba, the well of an oath — a city of Palestine. 
Bebeinotb — the beast or greatest among beasts, or the 

multitude of earthly beasts. 
Bel-Baal or Beel — ancient and vain, destructive. 
Belial — wicked and worthless, the devil. 
Bel-Sha^zzar — a searcher of treasures. 
Belte-Sba'zzar — one who lays up treasures in secret. 
Bena'iab, the son of the Lord — son of Jeboiada. 
Bena^nmi, the son of my people— ^^'dther of the Ammonilts. 
Beneberak, sons of lightening — iu tbe tribe of Dan. 


Beneja'akam — sons of sorrow. 

Benhadad — the son of noise arid clamour. 

Benha'il — the son of strength, 

Benha^nan — the son of grace. 

Benjamin — the son of the right hand. [mother Racliel.- 

Benoni, the son of my grief — Benjamin so called by his 

Benzoheth — the son of separation. 

Beon, in affliction — one of Judah's tribe. 

Beor, burning or mad — father of Balaam. 

Bera, a welly or declaring — a king of Sodom. 

B6rachah — blessing or bending of the knee. 

Berachiah — speaking well of the Lord. 

Beraiah— //?e choosing of the Lord. 

Berea, heavi/ or weighty — now called Aleppo. 

Beri, my son or my corn — of the patriarch Asher. 

Beriah, in fellowship or envy — son of Asher, 

Bernice, the weight of victory — sister to Agrippa, 

Berothai — ivells, or a cypress tree. 

Besai, a despising or dirty — one of the Nethenims. 

Besor, glad news — a brook in Philistia* 

Betha'bara — the house of passage. 

Bethanath — the house of ajjUiction^ 

Bethany — the house of song or of affliction^ 

Betha'rabah— .^Ae house of sweet smell. 

Betha'ram, the house of height — in the tribe of Gad. 

Betha'rbel — strong house of ambush. 

Betha'ven — the house of vanity or of iniquity, 

Betha'zmaveth — the house of death's strength. 

Bethbaa'lmeon — an idol of the dwelling-place. 

Bethba'ra, the choosen house — Bethabara. 

Bethbirei — the house or temple of my Creator. 

Bethcar — the house of the lamb or of knowledge. 

Bethda'gon — the house of corn, or offish, or Dagori. 


E«^thdiblathu Im— /^e house of dry figs. 

Betliel, the house o/Gorf— formerly called Luz. 

Bethemek~/Ae house of deepness. 

Eethesda — the house of effusion, or of pity or mercy. 

Bethezel — the house of separation. 

Eethga'dor — a house for a mouse, 

Beth-Ga'mul— //^^ house of a cameL 

Beth- Ha' ran— -//i^ house of a hill. 

Betli-Horon — the house of wrath or of liberty. 

Bethnimrah — the house of rebellion. 

Bethpalet — the house of expulsion. 

Bethlehem, house of bread or war — where Christ was 

born, six miles from Jerusalem. 
Bethpa'zzer — the house of dividing asunder. 
Bethpeor — the house of gaping or opening. 
Beth phage, the house of early figs — near Jerusalem. 
Bethrapha — the house of health. 
Bethrehob, the house of liberty — a city of Syria. 
Bethsa'ida — the house of fruits^ hunters or snares. 
Bethshan — the house of ivory, or of change, or of sleep. 
Beth-ShemSsh — the house of the sun, or of service. 
Beth-Shittah — the house of thorns. 
Beth-Tappua—^^^ house of an apple-tree, 
^ethdel, filiation of God — son of Nahor and Milcah. 
Bethzur, the house of a rock — a fortress of Palestine. 
Beza'leel — in the shadow of God — chief artificer. 
Bezek — lightening, or in the chains or fetters. 
Bezer or Bozra — munition or vine branches. 
3\ch\\, first born or first fruit — father of Sheba. 
Bidkar — in compunction or sharp pain. [friends. 

Bildad, old friendship or old love — one of Job's three 
Bilgah, ancient countenance — a Levite. 
Bilha — who is old, troubled or confused. 


Bilshan, in the tongue — one from Babylon. 
Binea, the son of the Lord — of the posterity of Saul. 
Bilhihah, the daughter of the ZorcZ— of thetribeof Judah. 
Bla^stus — one who sprouts and brings fojth. 
Boanerges, sons of thunder^^names of James and John. 
Boaz or Booz, strength — husband to Ruth, and son of 

Bozor, taking away — father of Balaam the soothsayer; 
Bosrah — in tribulation or distress, 

Bukkiah — the dissipation of the Lord, [ber. 

Bui, changeable or perishing — part of October and Novem- 
Bukki, void as a bucket — father of Uzzi. 
Bunah — building or understanding, 
Bunni, building me — a Levitefrom Babylon. 
Buz, despised or plundered — Abraham's nephew. * 

Buzzi, my contempt — a Jewish priest. * 

c * 

Ca^bbon, as though understanding — a city of Palestine. 
Ca^bul, displeasing or dirty — Solomon's twenty cities 

given to Hiram, and called so by him. 
Ca'des, holiness — a place in Gallilee in Judea. 
Cse'sar, a cut or gash — a title of the Roman Emperors, 
Csesarea, a bush of hair — a place in Macedonia. 
Caiuphas, a searcher- — the high priest of the Jews. 
Csi'm, possession — the son of Adam, first man born was a 

Ca^inan — a possessor or purchaser, or one that laments* 
Ca!\a.h, favorable, or as green fruit— d, city of Palestine^ 
Ca'lamus, sweet — called sweet cane by Jeremiah. 
Ca'lcol — nourishing, or as consuming all things. 

* All Scripture Names beginning with C, in their originals are 
pronounced hard, and have k or ch for their initial letters. 


Ca'leb — a Jog, crow, basket or the heart, 
Ca'lneh — our consummation or mourning. 
Casino, altogether, himseJf — near Euphrates. 
Calvary, the place of a skull — or Golgatha, Hebrew. 
Ca'na, zeal or emulation — a small town iniGallilee. 
Ca'naan, a merchant or trader — son of Elam, Noah's son. 
Capernaum — the field ofrepentanne, or city of comfort, 
C.ippadocia, an apple, a violet — in Asia Minor. 
Ca'rchemish, a lamb carried off- — Mesopotamia. [thronCm 
Ca'rkas — the covering of the lamb, or the lamb of the 
Ca'rmi — my vineyard^ or the lamb of the tvaters. 
Ca'rmel — knowledge of circumcision, harvest or vineyard, 
C'dfrpus, fruitful — a convert of the Apostle Paul. 
Carshena — a lamb sleeping. 
Castor and Pollux — sons of Jupiter and Leda. 
Casiphia' — money or covetousness, 
Cedron, black or sad — a brook near Jerusalem. 
Cellan, dissolving that — one that came from Babylon. 
Cenchrea, millet, small pulse — a seaport town of Corinth. 
Cephas, a rock or stone — the name given to Peter, 
Cha'lcol — who nourishes, consumes, or sustains the whole, 
Cha'rran — a singing or calling out, or the heat of wrath, 
Chederla'omer — a generation of servitude, 
Chelcias — the portion or gentleness of the Lord, 
Chelubai — he altogether against us — son of Hezron. 
Chemarims, black or blackness — names of idols. 
Chemosh, handling or taking away — an idol. 
Cherrethims — who cut or tear away, or exterminate. 
Cherith, cutting or piercing — a brook near the river 

Cherub — as a master^ as a child, as fighting, 
Chesed — a devil, a destroyer, or a breast, 
Chileab, perfection of the father — son of king David. 


ChiVidn—^nished, complete^ wasted or perfect. 

Chiliiiad, teaching or learning — a city of Arabia. 

Chimham, as they or like to them^-son of Barzillai. 

Chittim, those that bruise, or gold — Macedonia. 

Chorasin, the secret — a town in Judea. 

Chozeba — men liars. Chun — make ready, 

Chushan — Etheopian. Chusa — a seer or prophet. 

Cilicia, tcifh rolls, or overturns — St. Paul was born here. 

Cianaroth, as a candle — lake of Gennezareth & Tiberias 
are the same. 

Cla'uda, a broken or lamentable voice. 

Claudia, lame — a Roman lady, a convert of St. Paul. 

Clement, mild, merciful, — bishop of Rome. 

Cleopatra, the glory of the country — -queen of Egypt. 

Cleophas, the whole glory — Joseph's brother, and Christ's 
desciple mentioned by St. Paul. 

Cloe — the green herb. 

Colosse, punishment or correction — a city of Phrygia. 

Coniah — the strength of the Lord, or stability. 

Corinth, satisfied, ornament or beauty — capital of Achaia. 

Cozbi, a liar, or as sliding away-^whom Phinehas slew. 

Cra^tes, a harrow or hurdle — a Grecian philosopher. 

Crescens, increasing, growing — mentioned by St. Paul. 

Crete, carnal, fleshly — now called Candi. 

Cy'prns, fair — two hundred miles long and sixty broad. 

Cyrus, as a wretch or as a heir — son of Cambyses. 

Cushi, black, or an Ethiopian — Joab's messenger to Da- 
vid respecting Absolora. 

Cush, blackness or heat — eldest son of Ham. 



Dabareth — the xmrd, the thing, or a bee. 

Daberath — a wordy thing, obedient, 

Dagon, corn orjish — a Philistian idol ; half man, half lisb, 

Dala'iah — the poor of the Lord. 

Dalmanutha — a bucket, leanness, a branch. 

Dabna'tia — deceitful lamps or vain brightness. 

Dalpon, the house of caves — son of Ham. [pagite. 

Da'maris, a little woman — wife of Dionysius the Ares- 

Dama'scus, a sack full of blood — now Damas, 

jy-SimQX— judgment of God, or God is my judge. 

Da'ra — generation or the house of the shepherd. 

Darda — the dwelling place of knowledge. 

Darius — he that enquires and informs himself. 

Da'rkon — of generation or the possession. [priest. 

Da' than, laws or rules — one of the sons of Eli the high 

Da'vid, beloved or dear — king of Israel, son of Jesse, 

Debir, an orator or word — king of Eglon. 

Deborah, a word or a bee — ^a judgess of Israel. 

Deca' polls, contained ten cities — a country of Palestine. 

Dedan — their friendship or a judge. 

Dedanim — the beloved of those. 

Delilah — poor, small, a head of hairs. 

Demetrius, belonging to Ceres or corn — a silver-smith, 

Diascorinthius — a heavenly ornament. 

Dimonah, a dunghill — a city of Palestine. 

Dinhabah — his judgment in those things. 

Diotrephes — flourished of Jove. 

Dishan — threshing, jy'ishon-^atness. 

Diony'sius— ;/rom heaven, or moved forward. 

Dodanim, beloved — the youngest son of Javan, 

Dodo, his uwc/e— one of the tribes of Issachar, 


Doegfj careful — an Edomite, chief herdsman to Saul. 

Dophkah, knocking — the ninth encampment of the 

Dor, generation or habitation — on the left of Jordan. 

Dositheus, giving to God — an officer in the army of Ju- 
das Maccabeus, 

Dothan— ^^e law or custom, 

Dorcas, a female roe or doe — mentioned in Acts 19* 

Drusilla. sprinkled over with dew — wife of Felix. 

Dumah, silence or likeness — a dumb son of Ishmael. 

Ddra, generation or habitation — on the plains of Dura 
was the golden image set up. 

Drachma, a Grecian silver coin value 7|d. 

E ^ 

Ebal — a heap of ancientness, lE^dsL-^witness. 
E'bed — a servant. Melech — of the king, 
Ebenczer — the stone of help, Edar — a flock, 
E^ber — a passage or anger, Eden — -delight, 
E biasaph — a gathering father, Eder — a flock, 
Ebronah — passing over or being angry, 
Ecba'tanah — the brother of death, Edom — earthly, 
Ecclesia'stes — the preacher, Edrei — strength, 
E^glah — an heifer or chariot, E^ypt — anguish. 
E'glaim — drops of the sea, Ehi — my brother, 
Ehud — praising, E ker — barren, feeble, 
Eladah — the eternity of Gods Elath — strength 
E'lah — an elm, oak or curse, Eldad — the beloved, 
E^lam, a young man or maid — Shem's eldest son. 
Ela'sah — the doings of God, Elead — the witness, 
Elbethel — the God of Bethel, Eleph — learned, 
E^icia — the gentleness of the Lord or his portion, 
Eldaah, the knowledge of God — Abram's grandson. 


E'leazer, the help or aid of God — Aaron's third son. 
Elha'nan, the gift or mercy of God — David's warrior. 
Eli, the offering or lifting vp — sixteenth judge of Israel, 

ninety-eight years old.. 
E'liab — God mi/ father. Eliah — God the Lord, 
Elidda, the knowledge q/*Gof?— king David's son. 
Eliakim — the resurrection of God or God ariseth, 
Eliali — God's ascension, 'Elim^-Rams, 
Eliam, the people of God — father of Bethsheba. 
Eliasaph, the Lord increaseth.^-^For Elias see Elijah. 
Eliashib, the Lord returneth^-^B. Jewish high priest. 
Eliatha— ;wy God cometh, or thou art my God. 
EUda, the beloved of God — the son of Chislon. 
E'liel, God^ my God — one who came to David at Ziklag. 
Elienai, God of mine eyes — one of Benjamin's posterity. 
Eli, Eli, La' ma Sabactha'ni. — My Godymy God, why hast 

thou forsaken me, 
Eliezar, the help of God — Abraham's Steward. 
EUhaba, my God the father — one of David's worthies. 
Elihoe'nai — the God of mine eyes. 

Elihoreph, the God of youth — one of the Jewish Scribes. 
Elihu — my God himself or he is my God. 
Elijah or Elias or Elizeus — God the Lord or a strong 

Eiika, the pelican of God — one of David's thirty worthies, 
Elimelech, my God the king — David's worthy. 
EHee'ndi, to him mine eyes — a son of Neariah. 
Elippal, a miracle of God — the son of \Jz. 
Eliphaleh, the God of judgment — a singer and porter, 
Elisha— -my God saveth or the health of my God. 
Elishah — it is God or the Lamb of God. 
EUshama— M^ God of hearing. 
Elishaphat, my Godjudgetkf^&ou of Zichri, 

Elisheba or Elisabeth, the oath or fulness of God'-^ 

Aaron's wife. 
Elisbua — the Lord keepeth safe* 
E'liud — God of praise, Enan— a cloud, 
Elizaphan — God of the north-east wind. 
Elizur — the strength of God, Enoch — taught, 
E^ Ikanah — the zeal of God, 'Enos-^allen man. 
End or — a well or habitation, Enam — an open place, 
Elkoshite — in th£ evening or rigour of God, 
E^llazar — revolting from God, EI on — strong, 
Ehnodam — themeasureofGod, Elul— OM^cry, 
E^lnaan — the fairness of God, Eloth — olives, 
Einathan — the gift of God, Elpaal— GocZ'5 work, 
Elohi or Eloi-—-the Hebrew name for God. 
Eltekon — God's correction, Ephai — tired, 
Eluza^i — God my strength, Epher — dust, 
E^lymas — a corrupter or sorcerer, Ephor— /ea(^. 
Enzabad— //le dowry of God, Ephod — an ornament, 
Eltolad— ^Me generation of God, Epheus — desirable, 
Emalcuel — the messenger of God, Ephial — judging, 
Ephesdammim — the portion or effusion of blood, 
E'phatha — be opened, 'EpWiha.nes^llustrious, 
'EiyhYa.tuh^-fertility, Esau — doing or working. 
Epicureans — aiders or helpers, Erech — length or health, 
Esaiab, Esias or Isaiah — the health or saviour of the Lord, 
Esdras— a helper, Esek — contention. 
Es'drelon — the helper of strength, Eshean — held up* 
Es'hbaal — the fire of the ruler, Eshek — violence, 
"Es^hhaxi^-^reofthe sun, Esli — near me, 
Eb^chcol — grapes or clusters, Esrom — dart of joy* 
Es'hkaVon — the fire of slander, Esther — secret, 
Es^htaol — a strong woman, Ephraim— ^rw2(/M/. 
E'tani — their bird or their covering. 


E'tham — their strength. Ether — talk, 
Et'hbaal — unto an image, Ethan — a gift. 
Eubdius — prudent, wise. 
Eve — living, enlivening. Evi — unjust. 
E vil-Morodach— -M^/o«c? of Merodach. 
Eunice — a good victory. F.ubd\as^a good smell. 
B'upator— a good father. Buphrsites— fruitful. 
'Eupolemua^^fghting well'—Ezel — walking. 
Euroclydon— a north-east wind. Ezem — a bone. 
Eutychus — happy or fortunate. Ezer — help. 
Ez'bbn — hastening to understand. Ezri — my help. 
Ezekiel — the strength of God. 


Ga'al— cow^^mpf, ahominationj. Gaba — a hilL 

Ga'ash— a storm. Gabbai — the hack. 

Ga'bbatha — high, elevated, or paved with stone. 

Ga'briel — a man of God or the strength of God. 

Gad — a hand, a garrison, happy or ready., 

Ga'darenes — walled or hedged round. 

Gaddi, my army or a kid. Gains — Lord or worldly, 

Gaddiel — the God of felicity. Galal — roll or wheel. 

Galatia — white or the colour of milk, 

Galeed — the heap of witness. 

Galilee — turning or rolling as a wheel. 

Qf-e^\Y\ui~^heaping up. Gareb— a scab. 

Ga'llio — he that lives on milk, — Gath — a wine press. 

Gama^Iul — God's reward or camel. Gaza— ^a goat. 

Ga'iijmadims — dwarfs or a cubit. 

Ga'miel— a recompence. Gatam — the bellowing. 

Ga'rmit,es — bones or my cause. 

Gath-Rim'inon — the high wine^press. 


Gazabar — a treasurer. Gazer — a dividhg, 

Gazez — passing over, Gazzam — the fleece of them, 

Geba — a hill, Gebal — the end, Gebar^ — strong, 

Gebim — grasshoppers, Geuel— GW* redemption, 

Gedaliah — the greatness of the Lord, 

Gederah — a wall, Gedor — hedges, 

Gehazi — valley of sight, Gezer — dividing, 

(xemaliel — wares or a camel. 

Gernariah — perfectioti or consuming of the Lord, 

Genesaretb — the garden of a prince. 

Genesis — in the beginning, 

Genubatb — theft, or garden of the daughter, 

Gera — a pilgrim or stranger, 

G^rasbites — who arrive from pilgrimage, 

Gerizim — hatchets. Gershoms — strangers here, 

Gershon — his banishment, Gesheni — rain. 

Geshan — drawing near, Gesbur — walled valley, 

Getbsemane — a plentiful valley, 

Gibeon — a hill, Goatb — his roaring, 

Gideon — breaker or destroyer. Gob — grasshoppers, 

Gihon — a breast or valley of grace. Goj^ — roof of a house, 

Gilgal — a wheel or revolution. Golan — passing over, 

Giin^zo — that bulrush, Golgatba — aheap of skulls, 

Ginoth — a garden, GoHab — a captivity, 

Gittites — wine-presses. Goiiier — wanting 

Gizonite — shaving. Gorgms^^ terrible or swift, 

Goshen — a drawing near. Guni — garden, 

Gomorrali — a rebellious people, 

Grecia or Greece — deceiving or making sad, 

Gur, a whelp. Gur-Baal — the whelp of the governor^ 

Gud godah — happiness of felicity. 


Habikkuk — a wrestler. 

Habaiah — the hiding of the Lord. 

Habaziniah — a hiding of the shield of the Lord, 

Habor — afelloiv or partner. Hadad — rejoicing. 

Hac'hmoni — a wise 7nan. Hadassa — a myrtle-tree, 

Hada — power, greatness. Hadid — rejoicing. 

Hadadezer — Homeliness. Haorain — their praise. 

Hadadiimmon — the voice of height, 

Hadrach — joy of tenderness. Hagab — a grasshopper, 

Hagar— a stranger^ chewing of the cud, or fearing, 

Haggai — pleasant, turning in a circle, 

Haggeri — a stranger.— Hagg'vdh — the Lord^s feast, 

Haggith — rejoicing. Hakkatan— /i///e. 

Hakkor — thorn, summer, an end. 

Hakupha — commandment of the mouth, 

Halah — a moist table — Haman — troubling, 

H al h ul — grief Hali — sickness, a beginning. 

Halicarnassus — the chief dwelling-place by the sea. 

Hallelujah — praise ye the Lord. Ham — crafty or heat, 

Halloesh — saying nothing, or an enchanter. 

Hamalh — anger, heat, a wall, 

Haramedatha — troubling the law, 

Ham'melecb — a king or counsellor, 

Ham'mon — heat or the sun. Hanoch — dedicated. 

Hamonah — his multitude or his uproar. 

Ham'on-Gog — the multitude of the roof of a house, 

Hamor — an ass or dirt. Hamutal — dew. 

Mkmul^godly, merciful. Hanan — full of grace. 

Hananeel — grace from God. Hanes — banishment of grace 

Hanani — giving, merciful, godly. Hanun — merciful, 

Hananiah— ^/<e grace or mercy of the Lord, 


Hara — a hi/l, shewing forth. Hareth — Uhertt/. 

Haradah—Me well of great fear, 

Haran — anger, Harbonah — destruction, 

Harhas — anger or the heat of confidence. 

Har^ur — made warm. Harim — destroyed, 

Har'nepher — the anger of a bull, Harod— ;/ear. 

Harosheth — workmanship or a wood, 

Haro — seeing, prophecying. 

Hariim — high or throwing down, 

Haruphite — slander, youthy or sharp, 

Haruz — careful, 

Hasadiah— Me mercy of the Lord. 

Hashin'onah — the hastening of a gift. 

Hazar-Add^r — an imprisoned generation. 

Hazaei or Haziel — seeing God. 

Flazor — hay or court. Heber — a partaker. 

W&hr: on— fellowship, Helam — the army of the mother, 

Helbah — milk, fat, or grief in that. 

H^ldj^i — the world or rustiness, Helem — dreaming, 

i\h\e\i\i-rrpassing over. Heli — ascending. 

He! on — window, grief. Hena — troubling. 

Heiiian — making an uproar. 

Hem'dan — desire of Judgment, Henoch— ^a/^o-A^. 

Hen — grace, quiet, rest. 

Henadad — grace of the beloved. 

Hep'herites---f/i^^erA* or delvers. Hermes — gain, 

Hep'hzibah — my pleasure and delight in her. 

Hercules — Juno's glory. Here«h — a carpenter. 

Heres — the son or earthen pot, Hezer — a boy converted* 

Hermogenes — begotten by Mercury. 

Hennoa — dedicated to God. Hezron — arrow of joy, 

Herod — the mount of pride. 

Herodion — Juno^s song. Hezro — an embry or hay. 


H^shbon — a numler or thought* ^ 

Heth — fear or astonished, 

Hezelvhh — the strength of the Lord. 

Hiddai — a praise or cry, 

Hiddekel — a sharp voice. 

Hi el — the Lord liveth or the life of God, 

Hierapolis — a holy city, 

Hieremoth — he thatfears^ sees, or rejects death. 

Hieronymus — a holy name. Hilem — grief, 

Hi^gaion — meditation. Hod — praise, ' 

Hilkiah — the Lord's gentleness, 

Hillel — praising, Hirah — liberty ^ anger. 

Hii/nom — their riches. Hoba — hiding, 

Hiram — the height of life, Hobbab — beloved, 

Hircanus — the possessor of a city. 

Hittites — broken asunder, astonishing. 

Hivites — living or declaring. 

Hodaiah — praise of the Lvrd^ so Hodaviah. 

Hodesh — a table or news. Hoham — woe be to them, 

H oglah — pleasantness. Holon — grief or window* 

HolofeViies — a strong captain. 

Hophni — a fist. Hor — a hill or shewing, 

Horani — their hill. Horeb — all alone, forsaken, 

Hori — a prince. Florites — chiefs. Horims — chief, 

Hor'iiiah — dedicated. Horonites — angry. 

Hosan'na — save I pray tlue, or give salvation. 

Hose'a — salvation or a saviour, so is Hoshea, 

Hothani — a seal. Hothir — remaining, 

Hukkok — a scribe or lawyer, 

Hul — sorrow, iniquity, sand, 

Huldah — the world or west, 

Huphani — their chamber or bank, 

Huppiin — a sea-shonp. lluz-^counsel, woods. 


Hur — Hbertffy prince or whitenesx. 
Husham — their silence. Huzzoth — streets. 
Hydaspes — the knowledge of change. 
Hyineneus — a wedding song» 


Jaazi'ah — the strength of the Lord. 

Jabal — falling away. Jabin — building. 

Jacob — supplanter, deceiver, the heel or footstep. James* 

Jada — knowing. Jah — the everlasting. 

Jagur — a husbandman. Jael — a little goat, 

Jahaz — broken or strife — Idumea — bloody, red. 

Jai'rus — illuminated, or a river, so Jair. 

Japhet — fair persuading. Jason — healing. 

Iconiuni — coming. Iddo — his hand. 

Idalah — the hand of God, or an oath, or cursing. 

Jebus — trodden imder foot. Jebusites, ditto. 

Jeconiah — the stability of the Lord. 

Jedai'ah — the hand of the Lord. 

Jehoahaz — the taking possession of the Lord. 

Jehoakim — the rising of the Lord. 

Jehonadab — willing . Jews — praising. 

Jehoram — the throwing down of the Lord. 

Jehovah — the Lord, self-existing. 

Jehovah-Jireth — the Lord seeth or provideth^ 

Jehovah-Nissi — the Lord my banner. 

Jeliovah-Shallom — the Lord of peace. 

Jehozadak — the justice of the Lord, Jehu — he that exists. 

Jehud — praise. Jehush — keeping counsel, hushing. 

Jenii'mah — handsome as the day. 

Jemuel — God's day or the sea of God. 

Jerah — the moon or month, or sweet smell. 

Jephthahr— ojje/zi/i^. itn-dh-^fearoftheLiord. 


Jeremi ah — exalting the Lonl, or the Lord's height. 

Jericho, same as Jerah. Jesse— a gift or oblation, 

Jerusalem — the vision ofpeace^ or perfect vision, or fear, 

Jes'hi mon — solitude, desolation. 

Jeshua, Joshua, Jesus, Jesua — the Lord the Saviour. 

Jesuites, from Jesui, third son of Asher, head of Jesites, 

Jewrie — land of Canaan with the Jews, 

Jet'hro — his posterity/. 

Jez'abel — woe to thee or to the dung-hill, Izabel. 

Jeziah — the sprinkling of the Lord, 

Je'zre'el — the seed of God. 

Igdaliah — the greatness of the Lord. 

Igah^redeemed or defiled. Ikkesh — wicked, 

Ijons — beholding, a fountain, an eye, 

Jiphtah — opening. Imla — replenishing, circumcision, 

lA\yWcu\n^^making merry. Im'rah — a rebel. 

Im or Emmanuel — Godivithus. Imri — saying. 

In'dia — praising, confessing, comely, fair, 

Jo'ab — willing or fatherhood. Jo'ash — disagreeing. 

Joah — brotherhood, Joahaz — possessing, seeing, 

Joakim — the rising of the Lord. 

Joan'na — the grace, gift, or mercy of the Lord, 

Joash — disagreeing, despairing, burning. 

Job — sorrowful, hated, howling out, or abiding enmity, 

Jochebed — glorious. Joed^'witnessing, robbing. 

Joel — willing, beginning or swearing. 

John, Johanan — gracious, holy and merciful. 

Joiarib — the battle, chiding, or multiplying of the Lord. 

Jona — the son of a dove or son of Jonas. [^people. 

Jonah, Jonas — a dove, destroyer, or rooting up of the 

Jonan — a dove, or multiplying of the people. 

Jonathan — the gift of the Lord. J oppa.— -fairness, 

Jorara — the height or throwing down of the Lord^ 


Jordan — a cauldron of judgment. 

Jose— .9jL»flfrm^, being lifted up. Iota— /«i5/. 

Joseph — increasing or perfect, Joses — sparing, exalted, 

Jos'haphat — the judgment of the Lord, 

Irpeel — the health, medicine, or exalting of God, 

Jos'hua — a Saviour, -Josiah — the fire or burning of 

the Lord, 
Jor'dan — the river of, or casting forth judgment, 
Jos'liam — absolute, perfect, Irir — -fre or light, 
Ir — a watchman, city or a heap of vision, Ira— ^awe. 
Isaac, laughter — ^son of Abraham and Sarah, A. M. 2288. 
Isaiah, Esai'as — the health or salvation of God, 
Iscariot — a hireling or a man of death, 
Ishbibenob— ;^//iw^ or taking captivity, in prophecy, 
Ishbosheth — a man of shame, Ishod — a comely man, 
Ish'tob- — a good man, Italy — with calves, \^God, 

Is'rael — a prince of God, or prevailing, or wrestling with 
Is sachar — wages or reward, Ithran — excelling, 
Italy — with calves, Ivah — iniquity, 
Ituroea — kept, or of a mountain, or full of hills, 
Jubal — bringing, or fading, or a trumpet. 
Jubilee — every fifty years, seven weeks of years, all free, 
Juda, Judith, Judah — confession, praise ; also Judas or 

Ju'lia, Julius — downy, soft, Justus— ^*M5f, 
Ju'piter, Jupater — the father that helpeth : Juvo. 


Kadesh-Barnea — holiness of an inconstant son, or of cam 
Kedar — blackness, sadness, 
Kedesh-Naphtali — holiness, 
Kenites — possession, a bird's nest, or bewailing. 
KetuVah — smelling, sweet perfuming^ 


Kir — a wall f biack^ coldness^ or a meeting, 
Kii jath-Jearim— a city of woods, 
Kish — hard^ sore, or straw to thatch^ 
KoVah — baldness^ ice or frost. 


Laban — white, shining, gentle, brittle, 

Lacedse'mon or Sparta — a lake of devils or well of madmen 

Lachish — walking or being to thyself, 

Lamech — poor^ humbled or smitten. 

Laodicea — a just people, Levi — -joined to, 

Lazarus — the help of God, Lehi — the jaw, 

Leah — painful and wearied. Legion — six thousand men, 

Lebanah — the moon, whiteness, Luke — a rising to him, 

Lebae'us — praising, confessing, Luz — an almond, 

Lycaonia — a wolf Lysanias — dissolving sadness, 

Ly'dia — a standing pond of water, 

Ly'sia — a wolf, Lystra — dissolving, 

Lyslinachus — dissolving battle. 


Maccaba^us — smiling or a warrior, 
Maced6nia — burning, worshipping, crookedness, lofty, 
Mary Magdalene — magnificent, exalted or a tower, 
Magog — son of Japhet, from whom are Sythians and 

Makedah — burning, worshipping, crookedness, 
Malachi — my messenger or angel. 
Mammon — (Syriac) riches, Myra — I weep or flow. 
Mam re — bitter, set with trees, rebel, 
Maranatha — (Syriac) the Lord comes or is come. 
Marcus or Mark— ;/?//ec? or made fine, 
Mar'tha — stirring up, bitter provoking, a lady* 


Miiry — exalt ecU son of hit t erne ss^ lady of the sea* 
Matthew — a gift or reward, Miniii — o. gift, 
Megiddo — an apple or the chosen fruit, 
Melchisedek, king of righteousness — kin^^ of Salem. 
^hWivL-^fl owing with honey, M.\\\o— fulness, 
Menelaus — power or strength of the people, 
Mephlbosheth — shame of mouth, Mizar — a little one, 
Mercurius — merchandize, Milcha — a queen. 
Mesoj)otamia — middle of rivers, MivAson-^rememhering, 
Messiah, Messias — anointed, Christ. Moab — oj the fa* 

MM'vdn^udgment, striving, chiding, 
Mithridates — breaking the law, Micmasb — a smiter, 
M6ab — of the father, Miriam — myrrh, lady of the sea. 
Molect or Moloch — reigning counsellor, 
Mor'cah — the fear of God, Miletus — red kernels, 
Moses — drawn tip, drawn forth, or taken out of the Nile^ 
Methiisael, selah or sela — he sent his death, 
Michael or Micaiah — who is like God. 
Mordecai — bitter contrition, 


Naam— /air, pleasant, Nabal — a fool or mad. 

N aaraan — greatly moving, fair. 

Nkboth — a speech, prophecy, budding forth. 

Nahor — angry. Nahum — comfort, Nain — beauty. 

l^koMn—fair, 'NsLphtaXi-^likenesSy crookedness. 

!N arclssus — astonished, neglected. 

Ts^atban — given, rewarded. Necil — commotion. 

Nathaniel — gift of God. Nekeb — a pipe. 

IS atban-Melech — the gift of kings. > 

Nazar^nes — kept flower, Ner — a candle. 

Nazar^tb — separated^ crowned^ sanctified. 


Nazarlte— cAo^<»«, separated, distinguished. 
Nebuchadnezzar, or Nebuchodonosor and Nebuchad- 
rezzar — the sorrowing of poverty, 
Nehemiah — rest of the Lord, direction of the Lord, 
Nahiishtan— giw^w of the brazen serpent, 
Neri — the light of the Lord. Nerib — a plant, 
Nethaneel, the gijt of God — so is Nethaiiiah. 
Nethinims — given, rewarded, 
Nicknor — a conqueror, Nimvod— a rebel, 
Nicodemus — the victory of the people, 
Nicolas — the victories of the people, 
Nic6polis — the city of victory. No — a forbidding, 
Niger — black, purple, dark, Noah— ceaiiw^ rest, 
Nhieveh— ^air, beautiful. Nob — barked at, 
Nisan — a banner. Nod — a fugitive, 
^Wroch— -flight, Noga — brightness, 
T^uii-^son, flock, a fish, 
Nymphas — a bride. 


Obadi'ah — servant of the Lord, Og — bread baked in the 
ashes, [fessing, 

Obed — a servant, a workman, Chad — praising, con^ 

On — sorrow. Ox — pleasant, so Oz. 

Onesimus — profitable, Ohel — a tabernacle, tent, light, 

Onesiphoras — bringing profit, Olives — a hill two miles 
from Jerusalem. 

Opher — ashes. On — sorrow, strength, iniquity, 


Palestine — covered with ashes, 

Pamphy'iia — a nation made up of every tribe, 

Pkrmenas — continuing, Pergamos— Ai^A. 

Par'thians — banished men, 

Pktmos- — bringing death. Perez — divided. 

Patriarch — a head of a family, Phar — a bull, 

Patr^clus — the glory of the country, 

Paul — marvellous^ entry into afioiky rest^ little, 

Peleg — a division, Peor — gaping, 

Peaiel — the face of God. Pethor — a table. 

Persia — dividing. Peter — a stone or rock. 

Pharaoh, spreading abroad — a king. 

Pharez — a division^ or parish, Phaebe — bright, 

Pliarisees — a division set apart, 

Pheiiice — red, purple, palm : so is Phenicia. 

Philadelphia — love of the brotherhood. 

Philemon — affectionate. 

Philetus — beloved, amiable. 

Philip — warlike, a lover of horses : so is Philippians, 

Philologus — a lover of learning or the word. 

Philoinetor — a lover of the mother. 

Phry'gia — dry, barren. 

Pilate — who is armed with a dart. Pontius — the sea. 

Pis'gah — a hill or fortress. Pul — a bean. 

Pisidia — pitch. Priscilla — ancient 

P6tiphar — a fat bull, Pudens — shamefaced. 

Procerus — one that presides over the choirs. 

Proselytes — strangers. Psalms — to touch. 

PlOlemy — warlike. Publius — common. 

Pur or Purim — lots, Pu rites — beholding my face. 


Rab — great. Ram or Rem — high. Rama or Ramah, 
oth or ath, same. [piuliilude, 

Rabbi-Rabboni — a master. Rabmag — dissolving the 
Rabbhakeh — master overthe drinkers. 


K4ca or Racba — vain, empty ; a Syriac word. 

Rachel — a sheep. Rabab — broad, strongs a street, 

Rapbael — the phi/sic of God. 

Rebekab or Rebecca— ^erf, contention, hindered. 

Racab — riding with/our horses. 

Red-sea or Sea of Edom — red. 

Reboboam — the breadth of the people. 

Repbaims — giants, j)hysicians. 

Rei or Reu — my companion. 

Reilben— //ie vision of the son. 

Rh6da or Rhodes — a rose. Rosb — a top or head. 

Rome — prevailing, mighty, stro7ig, exalted, high. 

Rilfus — red. Kuth—filledf drunken. 


Sabactbani — thou hast forsaken me. 

S^baoth — the Lord of hosts or God of armies. 

^khdU—Jlowing with abundance, 

Sabeans — drunken men. 

SaddCicees— jM5^ men, cut, schisms. Sadoc— -;w5^ 

Salmone — blowing^ commotion, a breaking in pieces, 

Salem — peace. Jerusalem, same as Salmah, 

Sahnon — peace-maker, perfect, so is Salome. 

Samaria — a briar or thorn, keeping, an adamant stone. 

Samos— ;/)/// of gravel. Samoth racia. 

Samson — his son, his ministry, there the second time* 

S?iVi\w^\, heard of God, asked of God — a prophet. 

Sanb^llat — a bramble or hid enemy. 

San' bed rim— -a Jewish council. 

Sappbira — declaring fear, handsome. 

Sarah or Sarai — a lady, dame, princess. 

Sktan — contrary, an adversary, an enemy. 

Saul — lent, ditch, gepulchre, death, hdL 


Sceva-^set in order. Scribes — Jewish doctors, 

Scy'thians — tanners, leai/ier-dressers. 

Seba — captivity, Sebat— a sceptre. 

Selah— a rock^ a note of music or of praise, 

Ser'aphim — burning, fiery, Setb — set, put. 

Sbadracb — afine field, Shaleni — peace. Shall m—^/bxc.?. 

Shabnanezer — peace, taker away. Shamed — destroyed* 

Shaul — asked, a fox, Ie7it, grave, hell, Sheal, the same, 

Sheha^^captivify, Shechem — a part, 

Shem — a name, renowned, Sldon — a hunter. 

Shibboleth — an ear of corn, Shur — a wall or building, 

Shiloh or Shilo — sent, Shittah — tree, a thorn, 

Sim'oa or Siaieon — hearing, obeying, 

Siloah, Siloe or Siloam — sent, sending. 

Sin — a dart, armour, coldness, wilderness of sin, 

Sin'ai — a bramble, enmity, 

Sion — a heap, a tomb, looking-glass, drought, 

Sis'era— a swallow, horse or moth, 

Sodom — their secret, a heel, a mortar, 

Solomon — peaceable, Soppier— father, safe, 

Sosthenes — a strong saviour, Sud'^my secret, 

Sos'tratus — the health of the army, Sur — rebellion, 

Spain— rar^5 precious, Sparta — sowed, 

Stachys — an ear of corn, Stephanas — a crown. 

Stoics — a porch, Succoth — tents, booths, 

Sychar — a conclusion, finishing, 

Susannah — lily, rose, joyfulness* 


^T'dhhaih-^good, goodness . Tappuah — an apple, 
Tabeal or Tabeel — good God, Tanis' — motion. 
Tabitha— a roe-buck. Tamah — blotting out. 
Tabor — purity, Tamar — a palm-tree^ 


Tadmor — confession ; a Syriac name for Palmyra. 
Talitha, Cumi — Syriac for my daughter arise* 
Tar'sus — winged* Tekoah — a pipe, 
Tekel — thou art weighed in the balance and art too light* 
Tertullus — wonderous. Tigria — a sharp sound, 
Thelassar — -heaping up, Tilon— mwrmifriw^. 
Theodotus — given to God, Tirana — -forbidding. 
Theophilus — a lover of God, Timon — honorable* 
Thessalonica — the other victory of God* Toi — erring. 
Theudas-^fl owing with water, Tirzah — pleasant, 
Thomas — a twin, Tibni— cAqj^, hay, Tohu — living. 
Thracia — stony. Tidal — breaking the yoke, 
Thyatira — sweet savour of labour, Tob — goodness. 
Tiberias — a. navel. Tirhakah — a beholder, 
Timothy or Timotheus — the honour of God. 
Tis'hbile — sitting, Titus — honorable, [Tobit, 

Tobiah — a good Lord : the same Tobias, Tobijah, or 


Uriah--^re of the Lord: so Uriel or Urias, Uri, Urijah. 
Urim and Thummin — perfection and truth* 


Zachariah — or as mindful of the Lord, 
Zaccheus — pure meat, Zelzah — noon-tide, 
Zadok — just, Zeeb — a wolf, Zin — a weapon, 
Zarephath — the perplexity of bread, Zion — a heap, 
Zebedee — endowed, Zer — perplexity, Ziph — mouth, 
Zehuhun-^abiding, 7,'\{--'Sple7idour, X'lz-— flower. 
Zedekiah— the justice of the Lord, Zoan — moving, 
Zephaniah — the secret of the Lord, Zippor — a bird, 
Zerubabel — banished. Zoar — little, Zur — a rock, 
Zidon — a hunter, Zuriel — the rock of God, 



With their Explanations. 

A. B. — Artium Baccalaureus, Batcbelor of Arts. 

Abp. — Archbishop. 

A. C. — Ante Christum^ before Christ. 

Acct. — Account. 

A. D. — Anno Domini^ in the year of our Lord. 

A. M. — Artium Magister, Master of Arts. 

A. M. — Anno Mundi^ in the year of the World. 

A. M. — Ante Meridiem, Forenoon. 

Ansr.— Answer. 

Ast. P. G. — Astronomy, Professor in Gresham's College. 

A. U. C. — Anno urbis conditce, in the year of Rome's 

Bart. — Baronet. 

B. D. — Batcbelor in Divinity. 

B. v.— Blessed Virgin. 
Bucks. — Buckinghamshire. 

C. Cent. — a Hundred. 
Capt.— Captain. 

C. C. C. C. — Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. 

Chap. — Chapter. 

Co. — Company. 

Col. — Colonel. [Seal. 

C. P. S. — Custos Privati Sigilliy Keeper of the Privy 

Cr. — Creditor. 

C. S. — Custos Sigilli, Keeper of the Seal. 

D. C. L.— Doctor of Civil Law. 
D. — Denarius, a Penny. 

D. D. — Doctor in Divinit}-. 
Dec. or 10 ber — December. 


Deut; — Deuteronomy, secoiKl Law. 

Do. or Ditto — the same. 

12mo. — Duodecimo, twelve leaves in a sheet. 

E. East, W. West, N. North, S. South. 
Eccles. — Ecclesiastes. 

Ecclus — Ecclesiasticus. 

e. g. — exampli gratiay as for example. 

Esq.— Esquire. 

&c. — et cetera, and so forth. 

Exon. — Exeter. 

Feb, — February. 

F. L. S.— Fellow of the Linnean Society. 
Fol. — Folio, two leaves in one sheet. 

F. R. S.— Fellow of the Royal Society. 

F. S. A. — Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries or of Arts. 
Gen. — General, 

Gent. — Gentleman. 

G. R. — Geor gilts Rexy George the King. 
Heb, — Hebrews. 

Ibid. — the same. 

Id. — idem, the same. 

i. e.'^id est^ that is. 

Inst. — Instant, i, e. the present month. 

Jan. — January. 

J. D. — Jurium Doctor, Doctor of Laws. [Men, 

I. H. S.-^Iesus Hominum Salvaior, Jesus the Saviour of 

K. B.— Knight of the Bath. 

K. G. — Knight of the Garter. 

Kt.— Knight. 

K. T.— Knight of the Thistle. 

L. — liber, a book : and libra, Pounds £* 

L. D. — Lady^-Day. 

Ldp. — Lordship. 


Lieut. — Lieutenant. 

L, L. D. — Legum laiarum^ Doctor of Statute Laws. 

L. S. — Locus Sigilli, tlie place of the Seal. 

L. L. B. — Batchelor of Laws by Statute. 

M. A. — Magister Artiumy Master of Arts. 

M. B. — MedicincB Bacca/aureus, Batchelor of Physic. 

M. D.— Doctor of Physic. 

Mem. — Memento f Remember. . 

Messrs. — Gentlemen. 

M. P.— Member of Parliament. 

Mr.— Mister. 

Mrs. — Mistress. 

M. S. — Memorice sacrum, sacred to the Memory. 

N. B. — notahene, mark well. 

n. 1. — non liquet, it appears not. 

]No. — Ntuuber. 

Nov. or pber — November. 

N. S.— .New Style. 

Obt.— -Obedient. 

Obiit — he died. 

Oct. or 8ber — October. 

8vo. — Octavo, eight leaves iii n sheet. 

ISrao. — Octodecimo, eighteen leaves in a sheet. 

O. S.-.01d Style. 

Oxon. — Oxford. 

Olymp.^ — Olympiads. 

Pari. Parliament. 

Per Cent. — per Centum, by the hundred. 

Philom — Philomathes, a lover of learning. 

P. M, — Post Meridiem. Afternoon. 

P. M. G. — Professor of Music at Gresham College. 

P. S. — Postscript, written after. 

Psal. — Psalm, 


Q. — Question, Qusere. 

Qrs.— stands for Farthings. 

4to. — Quarto, four leaves in a sheet. 

q, d. — quasi dicaty as if he should say. 

q. 1. — quantum libet, as much as you please. 

qr. — query. 

q. s.—^quantuin sujpcitf a sufficient quantity. 

R. — Rexy King. 

Keg. VvoL-^Regius Professor, King's Professor. 

Hev. — Reverend. 

Rt. Hon. — Right Honorable. 

Rt. Wpful.— Right WorshipfuU 

S. — South ; and Solidus, a Shilling. 

S. A. — Secundum Art em, according to Art. 

Sept. or 7 ber— September. 

Servt. — Servant. 

Sol. — Solution. 

St. — Saint, or Street. [vinity. 

S. T. P. — Sacrce Theologice Professor y Professor ol Di- 

V. — vide, see. 

V. g. — verhi gratia, for instance. 

viz. — videlicet, that is to say, 

XJM.'^Ultimo, last month. 

Will.— William. 

Wp. — Worship. 

Xmas. — Christmas. 

Xn.— Christian. 

Xper. — Christopher. 

Yr, — Year. 



Of Latin Words and Phrases^ 
As they frequently occur in Newspapers, Magazines, &c. 

Ah initio — from the beginning. 

Addenda — an addition, or to be added as a Supplement. 

Aut CcBsar aut Nullus — a man or a mouse. 

Ad irrfinitum — to infinity. 

Ad libitum — at pleasure. 

Ad referendum — for consideration. 

A fortiori — with stronger reason. 

Ad valorem — according to value. 

A priori — for something previous. 

Affirmatim — in the affirmative. 

Alias — otherwise. 

Abna mater — nourishing* mother. 

Alihi — elsewhere. 

A mensa et thoro — from bed and board. 

Arcana — secrets. 

Amor nummi — love of money. 

Arcanum — secret. 

Amor patrice — love of the country. 

Audi alteram partem — ^liear the other part. 

A posteriori — from an effect. 

A quid pro quo — an equivalent. 


J5onaj^£f€— ^actually. 


Compos mentis — in ones senses. 


Cacoethes scribendi — great desire of writing. 
Corrigenda — to be corrected. 
Communibus annis — one year with another. 
Cum multis aliis — with many others. 
Copia fundi — readiness of speaking. 
Coram nonjudice — never been tried. 
Cum privilegio — with privilege. 
Cut bono — what good 


Data — settled or determinate points. 

Dele ctando pariter que monendo — to delight and instruct. 

De facto — matter of fact. 

Dei gratia — by the grace of God. 

De mortuis nil nisi bonufu-'^speiik well of the dead. 

Dejure — of right. 

Dum vivimus vivamus — while we live let us live. 

De die in diem — daily. 

Dele — erase. 

De novo — anew. 

Divide et vince — divide and conquer. 

Delenda — to be blotted out. 

Dum spiro, spero — while I live, I hope. 

Deo volente — God willing. 

Deo juv ante — God helping. 

Dramatis personce — characters represented. 

De facto — in fact. 

Desunt ccetera — the rest are wanting. 


Ergo — therefore. 
£rra^a— errors. 
Ecce signum — see a sign. 
Ecce homo — behold the man. 


Erratum — an error. 

Ex officio — by virtue of an office. 

Ex officio — officially. 

Ex jjarte — partial. 

Ex post facto — after an action. 

Ex awimo— heartily. 


Fac simile — an exact copy. 
Feb de se — a suicide. 
Finis — the end. 


Gratis — free of cost. 

Genus irritabile vatum — angry poets. 


Habeas Corpus — you may have the body set free by Act 

of Parliament, or removed to another prison. 
Hortus siccus — dried plants. 


Imprimis — in the first place. 

Illuminati — enlig-htened. 

In commendam — for a time. 

Inforo conscienticB — at the bar of conscience. 

In propria persona — ^in person. 

Inter alia — among other things. 

In statu quo — in the same state. 

In limine — at tlie outset. 

In terrorem — -as a warning to others. 

Jure divino — by divine right. 

Ipse dixit — he himself said it. 


Jus possessionis — right of possession. 
Ipsofaclo^hy the fact itself. 


Lapsus lingucB — a slip of the tongue. 
Lex talionis — law of retaliation. 
Literatim — literally. 
Locum tenens — who acts for another. 
Lucidus ordo — perspicuous arrangement. 
Lusus wafttrt^— sport of nature. 


Magna Charta — the great Charter. 

Malum in se — bad in itself. 

Mandamus — a writ from the king's bench. 

Materia medica — all physic. 

Meum €t tuum — mine and thine. 

Maximum pretium — highest price. 

MuUum inparvo — much in little. 

Memento mori — remember death. 

Mutanda — to be changed. 

Memorabilia — to be remembered. 

Mirahile dictu — wonderful to be told. [clianged. 

Mutatis mutandis'^such words as require it, being 


Nem. con. fnemine contradicentej — without a dissenting 

Ne plus ultra — the greatest extent. 
Nolens volens — willing or unwilling. 
Necessitas non hahet legem — necessity has no law. 
Ne quid nimis — too much good for nothino-. 
Ne sutor ultra crepidam — keep within your proper sphere 
Ne tentes aut perfice — attempt not or finish. 


Nil desperandum — despair not. 

Nimium ne crede colori — trust not beauty. 

Nosce teipsum — know thyself. 


O tempora, O mores — O the times, O the manners ! 

Omnes eodem cogimur — all die. 

Observanda — things to be observed. 

Omne bonum desuper — all good is from above. 

Onus probandi — the burthen of proof. 

Per cent — ^by the hundred. 

Pabulum — food. 

Paladium — protection. 

Per se — by himself. [deserved it. 

Palmam qui meruit, ferat — let him bear the palm that has 

Pro — for. 

Probatum est — it is proved. 

Parturiunt monies — the mountains in labour. 

Passibus acquis — with equal steps. 

Pro bono publico — for the public good. 

Passim — every where. 

Pro et con — for and against. 

Pro forma — for form's sake. 

Pro tempore — for a time. 

Posse comitatus — the power of the county. 

Prima facie — on the first view. 

Primum mobile — the main spring. 

Pro oris etfocis — for God and our country. 

Probalum est — it is tried. 

Propria quce maribus — for the gentlemen. 


Quantum libet—^s much asyoii please. 

Quain diuse bene gesscrit — as long as he behaves well. 

Quantum sufficit — a sufficient quantity. 

Quondam — formerly. 

Quo warranto — by what authority. 

Qui capit illefacit — cap fits. 

Quot homines, tot sententice — many men, many minds. 


Risum ieneatis amicz-— can you forbear laughing ? 
Requiescat in pace — may he rest in peace. 
Resurgam — I shall rise again. 


Scandalum magnatum — great or libellous expressions. 

Si€ transit gloria mundi — so the world's glory passes away 

Secundum artem — according to art. 

Semper eadem — always the same. 

Suh poena — under a penalty. 

Sine die — a future day not specified. [in deeds. 

Suaviter inmodo,fortiter in re— gentle in manners, active 

Summum bo7ium — greatest good. 

Sub silentio — without remark. 

Sui generis — peculiar to himself. 

Slat nominis umbra — the shadow of a name remains. 

Tempora inutantur^-^iXm^^ change. 


Utrum horum mavis accipe — take what you will* 
Utile dulci — instructive and entertaining. 


Vade mecum — constant companion. 

Vestigia nulla retrorsum — no retreat • 

Via — by the way of. 

Vice — in the room of. 

Vice versa — the reverse. 

Vide — see. 

Vi et armis — by force and arms. 

Vox et preterea nihil — nothing but noise* 

Versus — agai nst. 

Vivant rex et Regina — long live the King and Queen. 

Veni, vidi, vici — I came, I saw, I conquered. 

Vivit post funera virtus — virtue lives after death. 




Commonly used in modern Publications. 


Agremens — ornaments. 

Accoucheur — one who practises midwifery. 

Aide de camp — an adjutant to a field-officer. 

A la Francoise — in the French fashion. 

A la mode — in the fashion. 

A V Angloise — after the English fashion. 

Amende honorable — honorable satisfaction. 

A propos — to the purpose. 

Amour propre — self-love. 

Avant courier — a forerunner. 

Auto dafe — act of faith. 

Au desespoir — in despair. 

Au naturel — to the life. 


Bagatelle-^B. trifle. 

Beau garcon — a fine boy. 

Beau monde — people of fashion. 

Belles /e/^re^— polite learning. 

Billet doux-—3. love letter. 

Bivouac — to be under arms all night, 

Bon goul-^fine taste. 

Bonne bouchce — a nice morsel. 

Bon mot — a witty saying. 

Bon vivant — a jovial fellow. 


Bon ion — liigh life. 

Boudoir — a small private apartment. 


Chapeau de hras — a hat for the arms. 

Chateau — a country seat. 

Canaille — the mob or rabble. 

Chef 6! cEuvre — a master- piece. 

Ci'devant — late or formerly. 

Cortese — a train of attendants. 

Comme ilfaut — as it should be. 

Conversatione — a meeting of company. 

Co7ige d' elire — permission to choose. 

Corps — body. 

Coup d' eclat — a remarkable action. 

Coup d' essai — a trial. 

Coup de grace — a finishing stroke. 

Coup de main — a sudden enterprise. 

Coup d' csil — a prospect or slight view, 


Debris — rubbish, fragments. 
JDe hon cour — heartily. 
Debut — beginning, or first effort. 
Denouement — discovery. 
De cap au pie — from top to toe. 
Depot — store or magazine. 
Dejeune — a sort of breakfast. 
Dernier — resort, last resort. 
Dilletante — one delighted in science. 
Dieu et mon droit — God and my right. 
Double entendre — double meaning. 
Douceur-^^a, bribe or present. 



Kdairclssement — an elucidation. 

Eleve — a pupil. 

JEcIcU — splendour. 

Enbadinant — in fun. 

Esprit de corps — the life of the company. 

En bon point — jolly, plump. 

Enfamille — in a family way. 

Encore — again. 

Enfant gate — a spoiled child. 

Enjlute — to carry guns on the upper deck only. 

En masse — in a mass or body. 

En militaire — soldier like. 

En passant — by the way. 

Ennui — languor, 

Enlre nous — between ourselves. 

Entree — entrance. 

Expose' — a minister's budg-et. 

En verite — indeed. 


Facade — the front of a building*. 

Eaux pas — a slip. 

Fete champetre — a rural festival. 

Fauteuil — an armed chair. 

Feu de joic — fi re of j oy . 

Einesse — cunning. 

Fille de chambre — a chamber-maid. 


Hauteur — pride. 

Haut ton — Itii^h life. , . 


Hors de combat — disabled. 

Honi soit qui mal y pence — evil to him that evil thinks. 


Je ne sais quoi — I knov^ not what. 
Jeu d' esprit — a witticism. 
Jeu de mot — a quibble 


U argent — silver money. 

Lettres de cachet — a writ of arrest. 

Lieutenant de vaisseau — the commander of a ship. 

• M 

Maitre d' hotel — master of the house. 
Mai a propos — unseasonably. 
Mauvaise honte — over bashful ness. 


Naivete — innocence. 

Non chalance — indifference. 


Outree' — strange, absurd. 
On dit — they say. 


Par hazard — accidentally. 
Papier mache, for tea-trays. 
Penchant — inclination. 
Pas de charge — full gallop. 
Perdue — ruined. 
Petit souper — a light supper. 
Petit maitre — a beau or fop. 


Place aux dames — give place to the ladies. 
Protegee — one protected and patronized. 
Pour les dames — for the ladies. 
Qui vive — upon the alert. 


Regime — a diet. 

Rouge — red paint. 

Ruse de guerre — a stratagem of war. 


Sang fr oid — col d hi ood . 

Sans ceremonie — without ceremony. 

Soiree — an evening entertainment. 

Savoir faire — wit or skill, 

Savoir viore — good manners, good living. 

Soi disant — pretended. 


Table & hote — an ordinary. 

Tant mieux — so much the better. 

Tant pis — so much the worse. 

Tete a tete — f^ice to face, or head to head in private. 

Tout ensemble — the whole. 


Unique — alone. 

Valet de chambre — a gentleman's servant. 

Vis a vis — opposite. 

Vive la bagatelle — success to trifles. 

Vive le roi — long live the king. 




when tion, and when sion. — See Rule 11, 15.-— when tive, and 
when sive, and ly. 

J), for derivatives. T for termination. 


When a Primitive ends in ce^ its d will be tion, as de- 
duce deduction, describe description. 

When a Primitive ends in de, its d will he sion, as 
delude delusion, corrode corrosion, decide decision. 

When a Primitive ends in se, its d will drop e and take 
sion, as asperse aspersion, absterse abstersion, convulse 

When a Primitive ends in ss, its d will be sion, as 
confess confession, impress impression, transgress trans- 

When a Primitive ends in c, its d will be ian, as logic 
logician, magic magician. 

When a Primitive ends in t, its d will be ion, as afflict 
affliction, correct correction, bisect bisection. 

When a Primitive ends in ynit, its d drops t and takes 
ssion, as admit admission, commit commission, omit 

When a Primitive ends in te, its d changes e into ion, as 
circulate circulation, accommodate accommodation. 

When a Primitive ends in y with a consonant before it, 
its d has i for y, as bounty bountiful, duty dutiful, beauty 

When a Primitive ends in y with a vowel before it, its d 
retains the y, as annoy annoyance, betray betrayer. 

When a Primitive ends in e, the e is dropt before zwg*. 


ish, able, ihle and es, as abide abiding, knave knavish, 
blame blamable, cure curable, sense sensible, deplore de* 
plorablie, evince evincible. 

Y is changed into ies when preceded by a consonant, as 
ally allies. 

All words ending in y and preceded by vowels should 
have s added, as attorneys, chimneys. 

i^andy<? are changed into ves in plurals, except brief, 
chief, evil, dwarf, fife, grief, hoof, strife, &c. 

When c or g soft come before the e it is retained, as 
change changeable, move moveable, peace peaceable. 

All words ending in ff have s added in the plural, as 
cliff cliffs, &c. except staff which makes staves. 

When the t begins with a consonant, final e is retained, 
as brace bracelet, brave bravely, false falsely, abridge- 
ment, acknowledgement, advertisement, encouragement, 

Words ending in ss, sh, x, tch, ch and o, when preceded 
by a consonant, have plurals in es, as box boxes, &c. 

When final o is preceded by a vowel, s is only added, 
as folios ; banditto has banditti, plural : also radius radii, 
erratum errata, phenomenon na, man men, mouse mice, 
foot feet, ox oxen, &c. 

The words argue, due and true, drop the final ^, as 
argument, duly, truly. 

Words of one vowel and of one syllable end with //, as 
shall, till ; but words of more than one syllable end with 
one /, as until. 

Primitives ending in ee retain both before a, as agree 
agreeable, see seeing. 

Tion and sion are latin verbals and are formed of the 
first supine, which if it end in tuniy is to be Hon^ and if in 
sum it will be sion in its c/. 


Primitives ending with a double consonant retain both, 
as care-leris-ly, ill-ness, small-ness ; except chilness, dul- 
ness, fulness, and skilful, /and u end no English word 
but I, you, and thou ; I is made y and u is ue. 

Many Primitives retain all their own letters before a t, 
as attend-ant, except some ending in y, as craf-ty, naugh- 
ty, wor-thy. 

Always divide words at the end of lines by syllables and 
this mark - 

Compound words are mostly spelled in full, as bride- 
well, fare- well, wind-mill. 

Prepositions and terminations are spelled by themselves 
as aby ad, ob, per, pro, con, &c. so are ed, en, er, est, in^, 
ish, ous, us, ness, &c. 

All words are compounds where three or more conso- 
nants meet together, and many so that have not, as 
al-ready, al-most, &c. 

The t, cial, cian, tial, dan, ceous, cient, cious, geous, 
sion, Hon, must not be divided in spelling when each t 
forms but one syllable, as so-cial, su-per-fi-cial, lo-gi-cian 
es-sen-tial, gen-tian, ce-ta-ceous, de-ii-cient, fal-la-cious, 
out-ra-geous, oc-ca-sion, ve-ne-ra-tion ; ^except bes-ti-al, 
ce-les-ti-al, chris-ti-an, the tial, and tian form two sylla- 
bles each in spelling. 

Rules for the disposition of single Sf double consonants, Sfc» 
in the right division of words. 

1. A single consonant immediately following a long sound- 
ing vowel must be separated form it, as ba-ker. 

2. A single consonant except c when it sounds like s, and 
g like J, following' a short sounding vowel bearing the 


accent must be joined to it, as lov-er, met-al, sol-einn, 

3. Two vowels not niaking a dipthong must be divided, 
as di-al. 

4. Two consonants between two vowels must be divided. 
Two vowels coming together, if not a vowel, must be 
divided, asco-e-qual, u-su-al, 

5. When two consonants, which ought not to be parted, 
come between two vowels they generally go to the 
latter, as a~bridge. 

6. The double consonants cA, gh, ph, shy and th, &c. al- 
ways go together. 

7. Three or four consonants between two vowels must be 
divided agreeably to the sound of each syllable, as 
buck-ram, em-blem. 

8. When w or x come between two vowels they mostly 
join the former, as box-es, blow-ing. 

9. Most primitive words ending with a single consonant, 
preceded by a short sounding vowel, and a few by a 
diphthong bearing the accent, have the consonant dou- 
bled, in forming their derivatives, as bog boggy, bar, 
barring barred, abet abetting abetted. We have 423 
monosyllables, such as bag, club, dot, fag, gab, &c. &c. 
that double their final consonant, as bagged, &c. No 
English words end with q or v ; they may end with any 
other; w always follows^. 


i^i1nc(pl(0 of ptinctuatt0if« 


Punctuation, or the art of pointing, is the science 
which teaches the proper method of dividing a written or 
printed composition into sentences, or parts of sentences, by 
the use of points and stops : for the purpose of mra-king the 
different pauses which the sense and an accurate pronunci- 
ation require. 

The Points which are constantly made use of, are six in 
number ; namely — 

Comma, marked thus 



Period or Full Point , 

Interrogation ? 

Admiration ! 

The stops point out, with truth, the time of pausing, 

A sentence doth require at ev'rj' clause ; 

At ev'ry comma, stop while one you count, 

At semicolon, two is the amount : 

A colon doth require the time of three. 

The period four, as learned men agree. 


Comma is a word adopted from the Greek word kopto 
scindo, to cut; and properly designates a segment, section, 
or part cut off' from a complete sentence. It marks the 
smaller segments or portions of a period. 

Rule 1st. — AVhen three or more substantives, or other 
parts of speech, occur in immediate succession, they are 
to be separated by a comma : as 

Gold, silver, ivory vases sculpt urM hij;h. 
Pain', maible g<*mx, and robes of Persian dye. 


Rule 2d. — Where several substantives, &c. iinrwediatcly 
follow each other in the s-ame case, and are joined in pairs 
by the conjunction and, or the disjunctive or, they are to be 
separated by a comma : as 

Anarchy and confusion, poverty and distress, loss of trade and ruin, 
are the consequences of a protracted war. 

Rule 3d. — Substantives in apposition, by way of illus- 
tration, are separated : as 

Homer, the greatest poet of antiquit)^, was blind. Milton, the au- 
thor of Paradise Lost and Regained, was blind. 

But if not accompanied with adjuncts, or words adjoined, 
they a^e not separated : as 

The Emperor Augustus was a patron of polite arts. 

Rule 4th. — x\ll expressions in a direct address, which 
would be in the vocative case in Latin, must be separated : as 
I am, dear madam, your's, &c. 

Rule 5th. — All cases absolute, in English the nominative, 
in Latin the oblative, are cut off by a comma : as 

Harold being slain in the field of battle, the conqueror marched 
immediately to London. 

Again : 

They feed, they quaff; and now, their hunger fled, 
Sigh for their friends devoured, and mourn the dead. 

Ru lAL Cth. — Comparisons witli like should be separated : as 

The joys of youth quickly vai)i.-h, like a pleasant dream : 

But not if the comparison be short : as 

Hills melted like wax. The mountains skipped like rams. He giv- 
elh snow like wool. 

Rule 7lh. — If several verbs in the infinitive mood, which 
depend upon oiiC common word, immediately succeed each 
other, they must be parted by a comma : as 


To relieve the indigent, to comfort tlie afflicted, to protect the inno- 
cent, to instruct the ignorant, to reward the deserving, is a great and 
nohle emplo5^ment. 

Rule 8th. — Many adverbs admit a comma before them : as 

Never allow yourself to be absent in company, especially when you 
are among superiors. Chance never erected a cottage, much less a world. 

Rule 9th. — Some adverbs will have a comma both before 

and after them : as 

It is, perhaps ; we must, however. 

The following adverbs are of this kind : 

Nay, besides, moreover, as^ain, firstly, secondly, thirdly, lastly, 
once more, above all, on the contrary, in the next place, in short; 

and others of a like kind, when placed at the beginning of a 
sentence; as well as the principal conjunctions, or connec- 
tive particles which follow : as 

And, as, because, before, both, but, either, ever, except, if, left, 
nor, or, provided, since, so, than, that, though, till, unless, when, 
while, whether. 

Example. — Religion dwells not on the tongue, hut, in the heart. 

It is almost 6000 years, since^ the creation of the world. 
Virtue is so aimiable, that, even the vicious admire it. 
Fire lir^s peaceably in the flint, till, it be excited by collision. 
We sometimes forget our faults, when, we are not reminded. 

Rule 10th. — When a verb is understood, but not ex- 
pressed, a comma must be inserted, as well as before a quo- 
tation : as 

God said, <' Let there be light." 

Example. — Peter is painted with the keys; Paul, (is painted understood) 
with a sword; Andrew, with a cross; James the greater, with a 
pilgrim's staff and a gourd bottle ; James the less, with a fuller's 
pole; John, with a cup and a winged serpent; Bartholomew, with a 
knife ; Philip, with a long staff or cross ; Thomas with a lance ; 
Matthew, with a hatchet: Matthias, with a battle-axe; Simon, 
with a saw ; and Jude with a club. 


Rule 1 1th. — When several clauses, or parenthelical ex- 
pressions, as they are frequently called, as well as one, are 
inserted between the nominative and the verb, or verb and 
its objective, they must be separated therefrom, as ^ell as 
from each other : as 

The great Xerxes, upon whom fortune had lavished all her favours, 
not content with being master of powerful armies, numerous fleets, and 
inexhaustible treasures, proposed a reward to any one, who would 
invent a new pleasure. 

Yen sliould not desire, says an ancient Greek author, even the thread 
of anoilier man's needh\ 

From a high point, I mark'd, on distant view, 
A stream of circling smoke ascending blue, 
And spiry tops, the tufted trees above. 
Of Circe's palace, bosom'd in the grove. 

N, B. — The nominative case and the verb must not be separated, but 
as above. 


A semicolon is a word which signifies half a colan, or 
member ; it is derived from the Latin semi, half; and the 
Greek, kob7i, a member. 

This point is used when a sentence requires a great-er 
pause than a comma, but when the sense is imperfect, and 
needs some other member to render it complete ; it, there- 
fore, holds a middle place between the comma and the 
colon. It is used for dividing a compound sentence into two 
or more parts, which are not so closely connected as those, 
which are separated by commas only; nor yet, so independ- 
ent and perfect as those, whicVare marked by a colon x>nly. 


RuLij 12tli. — Some conjunctions, whqn they express ant 
addition, an inference, an opposition, admit the semicolon 
before them ; but, tlie proper point does not so much de- 
pend upon any particular ccmj unction as upon the degree of 
connexion, which subsists between the two adjoining clauses. 

ExAMHLE. — Most, of our pleasures may be looked upon as imaginary; 
bat, our disquietudes may be considered as rea'. 

So kids and whelps their sires and dams express ; 
And. so the great I measured by tlie less. 

Rule I3th. — When the degree of connection between the 
parts of a compound sentence are the same, and too impor- 
tant for the mere insertion of a comma, the semicolon must 
be introduced : as 

Tii8 orator speaks the truth plainly to his hearers ; he awakens them ; 
he excites them to action ; he shews them their impending danger. 

Rule 14th. — x\s the comma is adapted to mark the 
smaller divisions or parts of a sentence, so the semicolon is 
inserted to mark the greater divisions, but, which have yet 
a dependence on something that follows : as 

In the New Testament, as in the dignified and sober Liturgy of the 
Church of England, we see deep humility, but not loathsome abjectness ; 
sincere reppntance, but not agonizing horror ; steadfast faith, but apt pre- 
sumptuous assurance ; lively hope, but not seraphic abstraction ; thedep-p 
sense of humm infirmity, but not the unblushing profession of leprous de- 
pravity ; the holy and heavenly commupion, but not vague experiences, 
or the intemperate trance. 


The word colon is Greek, and signifies a member ; g,nd 
this point is used to divide a sentence i»to two or more partsr. 


which are less connected than those which are separated by 
a semicolon, and, although the sense be complete, in its 
construction, yet, it is not so independent, as a separate 
distinct sentence. 

Rule 15th. — When a member of a sentence is complete 
in itself, but is followed by some additional remark or illus- 
tration of the subject, which naturally arises from the fore- 
going member, a colon must be inserted ; but, if a conjunc- 
tion be inserted before the words that follow the colon, that 
colon must be a semicolon. 

Do not hope to enjoy perfect happiness : there is no such thing in 
this world. 

Again : 

Do not hope to enjoy perfect happiness ; for there is no such thing in 
this world. 


The word period is derived from the Greek word peri 
odos, and signifies a circuit, in which the full meaning is 
suspended, till the sense is perfect ; so that, when a sen- 
tence is so complete and independent, as not to be connect- 
ed in construction with any thing that follows, it is marked 
with a period, or full stop, which is always placed at the 

Rule 16th. — Every complete sentence, however short, 
must have a full point or stop at the end, because there is a 
period to the sense : as 

Fear God. Honour the King. 


Interrogation, from inter, between; and rogo, to 
ask : (marked thus) ? 

Exclamation, ex,m\d.clamo, tocryout^ as, oh! ah! 
Parenthesis, para, en, and tithemi, to put in between 
as, say ye, (who saw). 

Dash, or line of abruption: as, whom I , but first 

ril calm the waves. 

an eTPlanatioti of iTO;Xt&0 or ^ti^xiultv^. 


A Caret, from careo, to want. It is put where some- 
thing is omitted : as 

111 heavenly minils can perverseness dwell? 

This character (a) is also called a circumflex, e e. a bending 
round, when placed over some vowel, or to denote a long 
syllable : as, Euphrates. 

The Acute or sharp Accent ( ' ) marks a short syllable: 
as, Fan'cy. 

The Grave, heavy or dull Accent ( ' ) marks a depressed 
sound : as. Favour. 

Hyphen, ( - ) from uphaino, texo, to join together 
compound words : as, self-love, to-morrow. It is also used 
at the close of a line, to divide the syllables of a word. 

DiiERESis, ( •• ) ex, dia, and aireo, to take or cut 
asunder, when placed over two vowels, and shews that they 
are to be pronounced separately : as, aerial, creation. 

Asterisk, astron, a star ( "^ ) directs the attention of 
the reader to something in the margin, or bottom of the page. 


When several asterisks are used, they denote the omission 
of some letters in a word ; some defect in the original ; or 
conceal some bold expression. 

Section, seco, to cut; ( §) marks the division of a 
discourse, or chapter, into less parts or portions, 

PAFtAGRAPH, ( ^ ) para, and grapho, to write through ; 
it denotes the beginning of a new subject. It is most used 
in the Old and New Testaments. 

Ellipsis, en, in, and leipo, to fail; a deficiency of 

letters: as, B p, for Fiishop ; H of C , House 

of Commons. 

Obelisk, obeliscus, a dagger; ( f ) refers to some 
marginal notes ; or in dictionaries, to some obsolete or bar- 
barous word. 

Index, indico, to shew or tell; (E|S") points out a 
remarkable passage, or something requiring attention. 

Quotation from a book is marked with inverted commas 
at the beginning or end : thus, ' ' or " ^' 

Brace, brachus, short ; > is mostly used for the purpose 

of joining several lines together ; especially triplets in poetry. 

Crotchets, or Brackets, brachus, thus, [ ] serve 
to inclose a word or sentence which is to be explained in a 
note, or the explanation itself ; or a word or sentence which 
is intended to supply some deficiency, or to rectify some 



L. Latin ; G. Greek ; and II. Hebrew. 

^O^ — - 

ADD, (L.) addo, ad. 

Adore, (L.)ad, ora, hand to lips. 

Assail, ady salio, to leap to. 

Autumn, auctumnus^ 

Bail, (G.) ballein. 

Belt, halteus. 

Beard, barba. 

Bark, barca. 

Baron, (H.) bar, pure. 

Buss, basium, a kiss. 

Bile, boil^ bilis. 

Biscuit, bin, cuit, twice baken. 

Boon, bonu/n, good. 

Brush, bruscus. 

Brain, breclio, humid. 

Bruise, (G.) bruQ, brew. 

Bufflo, (G.) boubalosy ox. 

Boil, {G.)ballo, to toss. 

Burse, or purse, (G.) bursa. 

Blab, {G.)blapto, to hurt. 

Ctreraouy, cerf5, godcfess of corn. 

Cdldmhy y calamus, a veed to kan 

Cauldron, calidus, hot. 
Call, {G.) kafo, to call. 

Calumny, (H.) klme, disi^race. 

Chalk, (H.) c^e//v, soft: smooth. 

Camel, (H.) gamely crooked. 

Chimney, (L.) camiuus. 

Campaign, 1 , . 

> campus, a plain. 
Champion, ) 

Channel, canale, a kennel. 

(Chancellor, cancelli, rails. 

Canker, cancer, a crabtish. 

Candidate, candidus^ white. 

Chaunt/ canto, to siiig. 

Capon, capus. 

Chapter, caput, hence; cap or 

Carrion, caro, cat; catus. 
Crop, carpo, to crop 5 a carp 

crops grass. 
Celebrate, ce Leber, celcbre, fa-. 

mo us. 
Cellar, celo, to conceal. 
Cherry, cerasus, a cherry tree. 
Cow, (H.)A'oa, to biiliow* 
CJia^ta, chaiter, a paper, 
Caiii.-iion, (^(i.) • 'laiiiai,. !coa,or 

dwuili-ii iu;n. 


Caress, (G.) charts. 

Character, (G.) charatto, to en- 
grave on men's minds a good 

Celedine, chelidon, 2l swallow. 

Cypher, (H.) sephir. 

Cinders, cinis, ashes. 

Chiirn^ kirno, to mix. 

Chest, kiste, a box. 

City, civitas^ a state. 

Clash, klao, to crash. 

Climb, klimax, a scale. 

Clip, (G.) clepo, to cut. 

Chick, (G.) chikkos. 

Cittern, (G.) kithara. 

Cockle, (G.) kathazo. 

Claustrum, a cloister. 

Clerk, (G.) kleros, clergy. 

Climate, klima, inclination. 

Cliff, clivus, a rock. 

Cuckoo, (G.) kokknx, 

Colewort, caulis, a stalk. 

Collop, collibium. 

Credit, credo^ to believe. 

College, colliyo, to collect. 

Croud, crotta, a fiddle. 

Cold, yelidus, glebe, gleba, 

Down, dunum, a hilL 

Decease, decessus, gone. 

Despite, despicio, to despise. 

Detriment, tero, to wear. 

Difficult, dis, and facilis. 

Diligence, diligo, to love. 

Dish, discus. 

Discover, discooperiory to un- 
cover. '1 

District, distringoy to bind up 
by itself. 

Disturb, turba, a crowed. 

Ear, flum. 

Eager, (L.) sharp, acre. 

Edify, (L.) (Bdes, fio. 

Epicene, (G.) epikoinos, com- 

Ensign, insignis. 

Esquire, scutarius. 

Emperor, imperator. 

Enemy, inimicus. 

Flagon, lagena» 

Feber, febris, ferrier, ferrum. 

Glory, gloriur. 

Grin, rm, nostrils. 

Horn, cornu. 

Inoculate, occulus, an eye. 

Insolence, in, not; and soleOy to 
be usual. 

Ignominy, in nomine. 

Insipid, in, not; and sapit. 

Juggle, jocular, to jest. 

Joke, joctM, jointure ; juncturum. 

Kitchen, coquina. 

Labor, labyrinth. 

Lizard, lacerta. 

Lettuce, lectuca. 

Larch, larix. 

Lantern, laterna. 

Libel, libella. 

Larceny, latrocinium. 

Lavender, lavo, to wash. 

Limus, limej liquor; liqueo. 

Lint, linum, Ugic ; logos. 

Long, longm. 


Lupine, (G.) lupe, grief. 

Lurch, lura, booty. 

Link, ^'G.) lychnus, a light. 

Mace, macer, lean. 

Mire, (G.) miaros, sordid. 

Master, magister. 

Manteau, mantiea. 

Marquis, marches, qucBsitor, 

Matrimony, mater. 

Mat, (H.) mate, a bed. 

IMattins, matutinus, 

Melilot, mellotus. 

Month, moon. 

Mint, mentha. 

Mention, mens* 

Mart, mercatus. 

Minister, mtnM5. 

Modern, hodiern. 

Modest, modus. 

Mood, modus, mode. 

Mob, moveo. 

Meal, mill, mole. 

Molest, moles, moil. 

Monument, moneo. 

Morbid, morbus. 

Morose, maris sui. 

Muck, mucus. 

Mummy, (L.) amomum* 

Megrims, hemicrania. 

Mulct, mulcta. 

Mulier, mollier. 

Mule, molos, labour. 

Mouse, mus. 

Mutual, muta, to change. 

Mouth, muthos, a discourse. 

Mystery, (H.) mister, to cover. 

Neglect, nee lectusy not chosen. 

Need, inedia. 

Neuter, ne, notj and uter, ei- 

Noble, (b, for v,) novi. 

Noose, nodus. 

Neat, niteo, to w«hine. 

Name, noun, nomon. 

Noon, nanus, or 9th hour ; i. e. 
3 o'clock. 

Nod, nuto. 

Nurse, nutria. 

Nuts, nuar. 

Orange, aurantium. 

Obelisk, veru, a spit. 

Obscene, ccenum, dirt. 

Obsequious, sequar, to follow. 

Obsolete, absolea, not to use. 

Obstruction, o5, and struOy to 
build against. 

Ocean, oceanusy to flow. 

Orders, ordino, to ordain. 

Oyster, ostrea. 

Palliated, pallium, a cloke. 

Pool, palas, mud. 

Pair, par, equal. 

Parish, parcccia, (G.) paraikia* 

Punish, ptena. 

Parade, (L.) apparatus. 

Peerage, par, and ago, to act 
alike on their honour. 

Part, pars. 

Penetrate, penitus, thoroughly. 

Pencil, penicillum. 

Perch, perca, a fish so called. 

Pourtraiture, protracting. 


Vencey pendo, to weigh. 

Pound, pindOf to pound. 

Piscis, a fish. 

Pencil, pinso, pi stum. 

Pease, pfsa. 

Please, placeo. 

Plaint, plango. 

Plain, planus, 

platanns, (G,) platus. broad. 

Plausible, plaudo, to appear. 

Pork, porcusy a hog. 

People, populus. 

l*orteiid, porro, and tendo. 

Porch, porticus. 

Post, posits. 

Prey, prceda. 

Preposterous, pre^ and post, 

Vre%s, premo. 

Price, pretmm. 

Prove, probo. 

Proctor, procurator. 

Picture, pingo, pictuniy painted. 

Pillow, pulvinus. 

Powder, pulvis. 

Point, punetum. 

Pupil, pupillus. 

Quash, quatio. 

Rabble, (H.) ruh, to quarrel. 

Rails, rallus, a rarus. 

Ravine, rapine. 

Remain, remaneo. 

Ravish, rapio. 

Recruit, recreare. 

Kecover, recupero. 

Render, reddo, to restore. 

Relent, relentesco. 

Redeem, re, and emo, to buy 

back again. 
Region, rego, to rule. 
Register, re, and gefo. 
Reign, regno, to rule. 
Rule, regula, to regulate. 
Relieve, relevo, to raise up. 
Remedy, re, and medeor. 
Remember, re, and memoro. 
Restore, restauro. 
Resto, resto. 
Retort, re, and torqueo, to twist 

Revolt, revolvo. 
Rebel, re, and helium, 
Rosemary, rosmarinus. 
Roll, rotula. 

Rudiments, rndis, a rod. 
Rubric, ruher^ fed. 
Ruin, ruina, ruo, to rush down. 
Rush, ruscus. 
Rustic, rus, the country. 
Sabbath, (H.) sebethj rest. 
Sugar, (H.) shekar. 
Sack, (G ) sakkos saccusy (L.) 

a bag. 
Sacred, (G.) saos, safe ; and 

ker, heart. 
Seignior, senior, older. 
Scout, ausculfo. 
Swear, (L.) assevero. 
Sparagrass, (G.) asparatto» 
Spider, (L.) aspfs» 
Satchel, sacculus, a little bag. 
Sacrament, sacra, mente, holy 



Sage, or wise, sagax, 
Slaver, saliva. 
Sallow, salix, a willow. 
Salmon, sal, salio^ to leap. 
Salvation, salvo, to save. 
Salute, salm, health. 
Sanctuary, sanctus, holy. 
Sound; sanus. 
Sap, sapit, wise. 
Scandal, skazo, to halt. 
Squirrel, skiouros, a shady tail, 
Scurrility, scurra^ a buffoon. 
Scutcheon, scutum, a shield. 
Secretary, secretus, secret. 
Settle, sedile, a seat. 
Secure, sina, cur a. 

Serpent, serpo, to creep. 

Sessions, or assizes, sedes, to sit. 

Six, sex. 

Simple, sine plico. 

Soldier, soldarius. 

Spirit, spiro, to breathe. 

Sputter, sputo, to spit. 

Sumptuous, sumptu, charge. 

Surrogate, substitute. 

Tata, dada. 

Tankard, cantharus, a jug. 

Tansey, athanasia. 

Udder, uber. 

Whilom, olim, formerly. 

Weather, (L.) {ether. 

Year, (L.)ar<c. 


I 3 


Sin m9fiaf>ttical m^t 



In French and ErigUsh, 


Nature of Mtn. 


Aaron, Aaron, a strong hill. 

Abel, Abel J mourning. 

Adam, Adam, red earth. 

Abraham, Abraham, a high father. 

Adolphe, Adolphus, happy. 

Alexandre, Alexander, (Sany) helper of men. 

Alfred, Alfred, all peace. 

Ambroise, Ambrose, immortal. 

Andre, Andreic, manly. 

Antoine, Anthony, (Tony) flourishing. 

Arthur, Arthur, strong. 

W^ B 

Bcnoni, Bcnoni, son of my grief. 

Behhazzar, Belchazzar, a searcher of treasures 

Baptiste, Baptist, (Bap.) one baptizing, 

Barnabe, Barnabas, the son of consolation. [waters. 

r'alholemi, Bartholomeiv, (Cat.) a son that suspends the 


Baudouiii, Baldwin, a bold conqueror. 

Benjamin, Benjamin, (Ben.) son of the right hand. 

Benoit, Benedict, or Bennet, blessed. 

Boniface, Boniface, a good doer ; bonus, and yacio. 

Bonaventure, Bonaventure, of goood fortune; bonus ad, 

and venio, 
Benammi, Benammi, son of my people. 

Caesar, Ccesar, (Zar) cut out when born. 

Charles, Charles, (Charley) all noble. 

Christophe, Christopher, (Kit, Kister) a hearer of Christ. 

Chrysostome, Chrystome, chrusos, gold; and stoma, mouth: 

a noble speaker, 
Claude, Claudius, all fast. 

Clement, Clement, merciful. [together. 

Constantia, Constantine, constancy ; con, and sto, to stand 
Conrad, Conrad e, able coursel. 
Corneille, Cornelius, a horn. 
Cyprien, Cyprian, handsome. 


Daniel, Daniel, (Dan) the judgment of God. 
David, David, (Davy) beloved. 
Denys, Dionysius, from heaven. 
Donstan, Dunstan, very high. 


Edmond, Edmund, happy peace. Mund, a mouth ; and 

ed, or cad, an oath : loyal to iiis oath. 
Edouard, Edward, (Teddy, Ned) an oath keeper. 
Eleazar, Eleazer, the help of God. 
Elie, Elias, my God the Lord. 


Elisee, Elisha, my God savetli. 

Etienne, Stephan, a crown. 

Eusebe, Eusebius, pious. 

Eustace, Eustacius, happy. 

Ezechias, Hezekiah, strength, 

Ezechiel, Ezekiel, (Ekiel) the strength of the Lord. 


Fabien, Fabian, a beam. 

Felix, Felix, happy. 

Ferdinand, Ferdinand, pure peace. 

Frederic, Frederick, (Fred) rich peace. 


Gregoire, Gregory, watchful. [defence. 

Guillaume, William, Gild-helm, (Bill, or Will, Billy) much 

Gabriel, Gabriel, the strength of God. 

Gautier, Walter, pilgrim or woodman. 

Gedeon, Gideon, a breaker or destroyer. [loved of God. 

Gedouin, Goodwin, victorious in God ; godswine: be- 

George, George, (Geordy) an husbandman, 

Gervaise, Jervis, ancient. 

Giles, Giles, a little kid. [Guild, free brethren. 

Gilbert, Gilbert, bright as gold ; Gib, gild free : Preston 

Godefroi, Godfrey, God's peace, or good peace. 


Hannibal, Hannibal, gracious Lord. 

Henri, Henry, Henricus, (Hal, Harry) a rich home. 

Hercule, Hercules, Juno's glory. 

Hierome, Jerom, a holy name. 

Hilaire, Hilary, cheerful. 

Homfroy, Humfrey, home, peace. 

I J 

Jacob, Jacob, a supplanter. 

Jaqiies, James, (Jimmy, Jim) a supplanter. 

Jean, John, (Johnny, Jack) grace of God. 

Jeremie, Jeremiah, the height of the Lord, 

Jerom, Tiierome, holy name. 

Job, Job, sorrowful. 

Jonas, Jonah, a destroyer. 

Jonathan, Jonathan, the gift of the Lord. 

Joseph, Joseph, encreasing. 

Josias, Josias, the fire of the Lord. 

Josselin, Joceline, merry. 

Josue, Joshua, (Jos) a saviour. 

Irenee, Ireneus, peace. 

Isaac, Isaac, laughter. 

Jud«, Jude, confessing. 

Jule, Julins, a dowry. 

Julien, Julian, soft as down. 


Lambert, Lambert, or Lambhart, the heart of a lamb. 

Lancelot, Lancelot, a lance Knight. 

Laurent, Later ence, a laurel. 

Leonard, Leonard, (Len) lion like ; lion-hearted. 

Leopold, Leopold, bold as a lion. 

liOuis, Lewis, Loudovicus, defence of his people. 

Luc, Luke, a light. 


Malachie, Malachy, the Lord is my king. 
Marc, Mark, filled. 
Martin, Martin, a follower of Mars. 
Matthias, Matthias, the gift of the l<ord. 


Matthieu, Matthew, given or rewarded. 

Michel, Michael, who is like God. 

Moise, Moses, taken out of the Nile, or water. 


Nathan, Nathan, rewarded. 

Nathanael, Nathanael, (Nat) the gift of God. 

Nehemie, Nehemiah, the rest of the Lord. [^laos, people. 

Nicholas, Nicholas, the conqueror ; nike, victory over ; 


Olivier, Oliver, the olive branch bringer ; an herald. 


Patrice, Patrick, the Patriarch, or patrician, or patron of 

Philibert, Philehert, a lover of bright armour, 
Philippe, Philip, a lover of horses. 
Phinee, Phineas, a bold face. 
Pierre, Peter, a rock, or stone. 


Raphael, Raphael, the physic of god. [herd or heart. 

Richard, Richard, (Dick, or Dicky) of a strong and rich 

Robert, or Rupert, (Robin, Bob) a famous counsellor. 

Rodolph, Rolph, or Ralph, wholesome advice. 

Roger, Roger, (Hodge) quiet. 

Roland, Rowland, or Orlando, counsellor respecting land. 


Solomon, Solotnon, peaceable. 
Samuel, Samuel, asked of God, 
Samson, Samson, his son. 


Sebastien, Sebastian, an honorable. 
Sigismond, Sigismund, the mouth of victory. 
Silvain, Silvan, a woodman. 
Silvestre, Silvester, woodland. 
Simeon, Simeon, hearing. 
Simon, Simon, obeying. 


Theodore, Theodore, God's gift. 

Theodose, Theodose, God's gift, 

Theophilus, a lover of God. 

Thomas, a twin. 

Timothee, Timothy, in honour to God. 

Tobie, Toby, full measure of good wine. 


Valentine, Valentine, affection. 
Vincent, Vincent, conquering. 
Urbain, Urban, urbane or polite. 


Zacharie, Zachary, be mindful of the Lord. 

Name!5J of 2L29omen* 

Abigail, Abigail, the father's joy. 
Agathe, Agatha, goodness, 
Agnes, Agnes, chaste. 
AUx, Alice, noble. 
Althee, Althea, health. 
Anne, Ann, merciful. 
Antoinette, Antonia, flourishing. 
Arabelle, Arabella, fair; altar. 



Batlisheba, Bathsheba, the daughter of an oath, 

Barbara, Barbara, cruel. 

Beatrix, Beatrice, happy. 

Beuoite, Benedicta, blessed. 

Blanche, Blanch, fair. 

Bonne, Bona, good. 

Bella, Bella, destroying. 


Cassandre, Cassandra, a deceiver. 
Catherine, Catherine, (Kate, Kitty) pure. 
Cecile, Cicely, (Cis) grey eyed. 
Charlotte, Charlotte, nobly dear. 
Christine, Christina, (Kit) a christian. 
Claire, Clary, clear or fair. 
Constance, Constance, (Conny) constant. 


Damaris, Damrose, a spouse ; a little woman. 
Debora, Deborah, (Deb) a word, or a bee. 
Diane, DiQua, (Dy) bright or luminous. 
Dorothie, Dorothy, (Doll) the gia of God. 


Eleonor, Eleanor, (Nelly, Nell) to take captive. 
Elizabeth, Elizabeth, (Betty, Bet) the oath of God, 
Emnie, Emma, friend or helper. 
Eslhi:r, Either, (tlelt^) secret. 


Flore, Flora, a flower. 

Erancoise, Frances, (Fanny, Fan) free, candid. 

11 1 


Gertrude, Gertrude, all truth. 
Grace, Grace, favour or grace 


Hannah, Hannah, gracious, merciful. 
Helene, Helena, (Nelly, Nell) attracting. 


Jael, Jael, a little doe, or goat. 
Joannan, Johanna, the grace of the Lord. 
Jeanne, Jane, (Jinny, Jin) the gift of God*. 
Judith, Judith, praising. 
Julienne, Julian, full of softness. 
Jemimah, Jemimah, handsome as the day. 

Laure, Laura, a laurel ; ever-green. 
JiUcie, Lucy, light or bright. 
JiUcretia, Lucretia, light of discretion. 


Magdelaine, Magdalen, high ; a tower. 
Marguerite, Margaret, ox Mar get, Margery, a pearl i 
Marthe, Martha, (Matty, Patty) bitter as the sea. 
Marie, Mary, (Mally, Mall, Pall) exalted. 
Matilda, Maud, or Matilda, lady of maids. 

Penelope, Penelope, (Pen) a web and garment. 
Parnelle, Parnell, a pretty lover. 
Phillis, Phillis, (Phil) amorous. 



Prudence, Prudence, (Pru) discreet. 
Piiscille, Priscilla, (Pris) ancient. 


Rachei, Rachel, a sheep. 

Rebecca, Rebecca, fat. 

Rosamonde, Rosamund, rose of the mouth. 

Rose, Rose, a flower. 


Sara, Sarah, (Sal) a lady. 

Sophia, Sophia, wisdom. 

Susanne, Susan, (Sue) a lily rose ; joyfuhiess. 



After our ancestors, the Saxons, had come out of 
Germany, and settled themselves in Britain, they changed 
the names of the cities, towns, castles, villages, passages, 
fields, forests, waters, hills, dales, into the names of 
similar places in Germany ; and also gave names to such 
towns, castles, manors, houses, &c. which they built 
themselves, and took their surnames from them. They 
also took surnames from any thing remarkable near the 
place where they abode : as, tune, or strong place, wood, 
hill, field, green, brook, bourn, foord, great tree, rock, 
lake, mere, den, &c. &c. For instance, Robert of, or at 
the Green, was so called because he lived at, on, or near 
a green. Robert of the Green was too long to pronounce 
with ease, so he w^as called by some Robt. of Green, and 
by others Robert-a-Green, and lastly, Robt. Green ; and 
the same may be said of other surnames, but they are so 
numerous, we have chosen out the best for a general rule 
whereby to discover others of similar endings. The names 
below are all of our ancient Anglo-Saxon race, and are 
very valuable for their antiquity, for they caoie from Ger- 
many into Britain, Anno Domini 449. 


^ii^on ptop^t; Nrttn^^, mtf) tfftiv mtming^. 

d and th are sounded alike. -/and b alike. 


Adelstan, Eadelstan, or Ethelsfan, noble or gentile. 
Adelulph, Aclulph, or Ethelulph, noble help. [vising. 

Albert, Ealbert, or Ethelbert, nobly conceiving or ad- 
Alwin, al and wine, beloved of all: from Alvuin, or 

Aldread, a name given to great families : dread of all 
Alfred, or Albred, Fred, or bred, or frid, peace: from 

pais, pax, 
Alfric, nobly rich ; Allin, or Allen, from alwine, beloved 

of all. 
Arnold, or Earnold, a maintainer of honour. 


Baldwin, hald, bold, or swift ; and win, to overcome, or 

possess : soon overcoming. 
Bald read, bald, bold ; and read, to speak : a bold speaker. 
St. Bede, prayer ; Beadmen, beads: bid, or pray. 
Barnard, beorn, hart; warlike people, called the children 

after wild beasts. 
Bartulph, Bardolph, or Bectulph, or Bartol, an assistant, 

or adviser. 
Birtyc, or Birthryc, add A to c, and it is rich, or ritche, 

in birth or patrimony. 
Burchchard, burh, gard; or guard of a castle or tower. 


Botulpb, bote, or boot, is satisfactorj^ or amends ; ulph, 


Charles, Carolus, all or wholly noble. 

Conread, con, or coon, is stout; and j^ead, advice or re- 
dress : forward in giving advice. 

Cunigund, cunne, king; and gund, favour : the favour of 
the king. 

Cuthbert, cuth, knowledge; bert, herith, beright, hereglh, 
a good understanding. 

Cuthread, cuth, acquainted with; and read, knowledge, 
or counsel, or advice. 

Cyninghelme, cyning, of a king ; helme, the crown. 


Dewhtric, dewht, virtue ; and ric, rich, 
Dunstane, dun, a hill, or mountain ; stane, a stone, strong : 
constancy, stability. 


Eanswyd, cans, once; and wijd, raised up : once sacred or 

Earmenfrid, earm, poor ; dLiidfrid, the peace of the poor. 
Earmengard, earam, the poor ; and gard, a ward or keeper. 
Earmenheld, a champion for; earmen, the poor. 
Edgar, or Eadgard, eatli, or oath, and gard, a keeper of 

an oath. 
Edmund, ed, or ead, or oath ; and tnund, or mouth, or muth, 

a mouth of troth keeping. 
Edward, ead, an oath ; and weard, a keeper of his oath : 

as edgar, gard, and ward, same. 
Edwine ead, oath ; and icine, beloved : a lover of an oath. 
Egbert, Eagbreght, Eahberith ; eah, law or equit} ; and 

bert, bright: a just adviser. 


Easeld, peace : acccirding to equity. 
Engelbert, angel, and bert, angelic advice. 
Eric, ear, honour; and eric, ricli in honour. 
Earconvvold, ear, honour; and weald, a stout sustainer of. 
Earnhold, ear, honour; arnold, upholder of. 
Earnnlph, ear, honour ; arnulph, the defence of, 
Ethelbald, etliel, noble; and bald, stout or bold. 
Ethelbert, etliel, noble conceived ; bert, advised. 
Ethebild, ethel, nobility ; bil i, the image of. 
Ethelburgh, ethel, a noble; and burgh, fortress. 
Ethelffid, ethel, noble ; and fred, peace. 
Etheljund, ethel, nobility ; jund, favour bearing on. 
Ethelulph, ethel, noble; and ulph, help. 
Ethel wald, ethel, honour; wald, a sustainer of 
Ethelwin, ethel, nobility ; win, a winner of his. 
Everard, ever, or ehar, a wild boar; and ard, heart of a 
wild boar. 

Faramund, or Pharaniund, a fair tongue. [advised. 

Filibert, Philibert, ^/ is full ; ^w^ bert, advised: fully 
Franc, or Francis, frank and free : bounty freedom, [peace. 
Fredegade, frede, or brede, peace ; and gode, good : good 
Fredeguud, frede, peace ; and gund, a favourer of peace. 
Vrederyc, fred, peace; and rye, rich: rich peace. 
Fredeswyde, freda, peace ; and wyde, sacred ; sacred 
by peace. 


Garard, gar, all; and ard, heart: all heart, or courage* 
Garman, ^ar, all ; and man, a man complete. 
Gartrude, or Ger, all troth, or truth. 


George IV. (/(p, the earth; smd ergon, work: as if a hus- 
band who studies to improve the land under his dominion. 
Gilbert, gilde, right; gild : free and bountiful. 
Godefrid, or fred, gode, good ; andyVicZ, peace. 
Godefridus, (Latin) 

Godeheart, Godard, gode, good ; and hearty good heart. 
Godelief, gode, good ; and lief, love : honest love. 
Goderic, gode, good ; and ric, rich in goodness. 
Gode win, gode, good ; and win, to gain. 
Godscalk, God's, and scalk, servant : God's servant. 
Godswin, God's, beloved of God; and vnne, beloved. 


Hartman, a man of heart and courage. [of honour. 

Heldebrand, held, or haelt, stout ; and brand, of fire : title 

Henry, or Henricus, han, to have ; and ric, riches : wealthy. 

Herald is a name of office. 

Herebert, here, array ; and hert, well advised in the army, 

Hewald, or Evvald, a supporter of equity. 

Helperic, rich help. 

Holdward, a name of office. 

Hugh, or Hughe, joy and gladness. 

Hugbert, or Hubert, disposed to joy and gladness. 

Humfrey, Humfrid, home, and f rid, or f rim, home peace. 

Lambhart, Lambert, and Lambard : lamb's heart. 

Lanfranc, land, and franc, free of the country. 

Landulph, the helper of the country. 

Lauther, or Lothaire, pure and clean. 

Leofhold, leof, love or wine; and hold, io keep love. 

Leofestan, the most beloved. 

Leonhart, now Leonard, a lion heart. 


Liidulph, Indy the people; and iilph, help of. 

Ludwic, Jiodovicus, lud, the people ; 2iwA wicky or ivi/ke, 

the refuge of. 
Louis, or Lewis, the protector of his people. 
Jiudfrid, lud, liiyd, or leod, folk; 2d\Afrid, peace of people. 
Ludgard, a defence of the people. 
Jiudgate, people^s gate. 


Manhart, Manard, Mainard, chief: heart or courage. 
Meadhelth, or Mathild, maud, a maiden champion. 
Msedhart, a maiden heart, or modest mind. 
Milburg, Mild-burg, bountiful to the town or city. 
Mildread, pleasing in speech or utterance. 


Oncuraber, without cumber. [or master, 

Osmund, os, or hus, is house; and mund, or moth, is mouth 
Oswald, OS, of the house ; and ivcald, a governor. 
Oswine, or Housewine, beloved of his house. 


Radegund, rad'i^ read ; and gund, favour of counseL 
Raderyc, rad, advice ; and rj/c, rich : rich in advice. 
Radulphe, rad, advice ; ulph, is help by advice. 
Reyraund, or Reinmund, rein, pure; 2ind ynund, mouth: 

decent in words. 
Reinfrid, reiji, pure orclean ; nnd^rid, peace. 
Reynhart, a pure and clean heart. 
Reinald, or Reinold, Reinhart, a sincere champion. 
Reinulphe, Rendulph, Randal, rein, pure ; and ulph, help. 
Richard, rich, from rye, abundant ; and hard, art : heart, 
Robeit, Ruberith, and Rouberith, roo, rest: disposed for. 
Roger, ro, rest; and gard, to keep : to keep rest or peace. 


RosaLftmnd, Rose-mouth, from rosa, a rose ; and mnnd 
■ Rowland, Roland, row, rest; and /a/ic?, of the country. 
Roward, row, quiet ; and gard. protecter. 


Sigebald, Sebald, Jsigliebald, sige, victory ; and hald 

bold in victory. 
Sigebert, Sebright, Sebert, sige, victory ; aud hert, rightly 

Sigher, Segher, a conqueror. 
Segerina, a woman conqueror. 
Sigesmund, sige, victory ; aud mund, the mouth, 
Sighward, Siward, a keeper of victory. 


Theobold, bold in helping, or virtue. 


Ulpher, ulph, is help ; ulpher, a helper. 

Ulphfred, aidful to peace. 

Ulphryc, rich in helping. 

Ulphstan, Uherston, Uston, most helpfuU 


Walburge, wall, a wall; and burg, a city wall or defence. 

Werburgh, weard, a guard ; and burgh, a city wall. 

Wilbuord, an active will, or mind. 

Wilfrid, a will inclined td peace. 

WiUiam, Guildhelm] from the Romans: Gulielmus. 

Winfrid, wiimer of peace. 

Witekind, beauty; white child. 

Wulfang, catch wolf. 

Wymer, for wide mear; far fame: wine beloved. 




The ancient Romans, who invaded Britain about forty- 
five years before the birth of Christ, were idolaters, or 
Heathens ; and from them our ancestors derived the names 
of the months, which are still retained. The Anglo- 
Saxons, likewise, who landed in Britain in the year of our 
Lord 449, (from whom the name of England was derived) 
were Heathens ; and from them were derived the names of 
the days of the week, in the manner following : 

Year, from the Saxon word^car; the space of twelve 
calendar months, the time in which the earth performs one 
entire revolution roiind the sun, which is 365 days, 5 
hours, and 49 minutes, nearly. 

Monih, from tlie Saxon word monath ; the space of an 
entire ]ui>atiotJ : one of the twelve princij)al divisions of 
the year, as set down in the calendar. Sometimes it im- 
plies only the space of four weeks. 


January, (from Janus , to whom it w^as dedicated by the 
Romans) the first month in the year, containing 31 days. 
Janus, (in heathen mythology) is supposed to be the first 
king in Italy, was deified at his death, and depicted with 
two faces ; one face was supposed to look towards the new 
year, and the other towards the old. 

February, from the Latin or old Roman Februa, which 
signifies the sacrifice of the dead : because the Romans, 
in that month, used to off'er sacrifices to the shades of the 
deceased. Or it may be derived from fehruarius, which 
word comes from y^^rwo, to purify; because the feasts of 
purification were celebrated at this season. The second 
month in the year, containing 28 days ; excepting, that 
every fourth year, (called leap-year) it has 29 days. 


March, (from Mars, to whom it was dedicated by the 
RomaDs) the third month in the year, containing 31 days. 
Mars was the supposed god of war. 

April, from the Latin Jprilis, the fourth month of the 
year, and contains 30 days. It is called aprilis from 
aperio, to open ; because at this season the buds and 
flowers open and disclose themselves. 

May from the Latin Maius, the fifth month of the year, 
and contains 31 days; the boundary of spring and summer. 
Mains y so named by the Romans, in honour of Maia the 
mother of Mercury, to whom they offered sacrifices this 

June, from Junius the sixth month of the year, and 
contains, 30 days : Junius, was sacred to Juno, a heathen 
goddess, to whom this month was dedicated. 

July, from Julius, the seventh month of the year, and 
contains 31 days. It was so called in honour of Julius 
Caesar, before which time it was known by the name of 
quintilis, as being the fifth month of the Roman year. 

August, from Augustus, the eighth month of the year, 
consisting of 31 days. It was so called in honour of Au- 
gustus Caesar, the second emperor of Rome : but before 
his time it went by the name of sextius, the sixth month> 
reckoning from March. 

September, from the Latin September, the ninth month 
of the year, and consists of 30 days. It took its name as 
being the seventh month, when March was the first. 

October, from the Latin October, the eighth month of 
the Roman calendar, from which it took its name ; the 
tenth month of the year, and consists of 31 days. 

November, from the Latin November, the ninth month 
of the year of Romulus, from which it had its name ; the 
eleventh month of the year, and consists of 30 days. 

December, from the Latin December, so called as being 
the tentli month of the Roman calendar, the twelfth or last 
month of the year: has 31 days. 

^n f^jfig rule to fintr ti^e trags eacfj luontS contaiits: 

Thirty days liatli September, 
April, June, and November ; 
February halh twenty-eight alone, 
And the rest have thirty-one. 



Week, from the Saxon loeoc, the space of seven clays. 
The origin of the division of time into weeks appears to be 
very ancient. Jehovah himself commanded the Jews of old 
to work six days, and rest on the seventh, to keep up the 
remembrance of the seventh. 

Day, from the Saxon daeg, is the time from the rising 
to the setting of the sun, and distinguished from night, 
the time from midnight to midnight: contains 24 hours. 
The astronomer's day is from noon to noon. 

Sunday, from the Saxon sunnan, sun ; and daeg, day; 
the day which our heathen ancestors dedicated to the wor- 
ship of the sun : the first day of the week, the Christian 
sabbath, in commemoration of the resurrection of our Savi- 
our Jesus Christ. 

Monday, from the Saxon monan, daeg, that is Monday; 
is so called because anciently sacred to the moon : the 
second day of the week. 

Tuesday, from the Saxon Tuisco Mars ;. and daeg, a 
day; that is the day dedicated to the worship of the hea- 
then deity, Tuisco Mars : the third day of the week. 

Wednesday, from the Saxon Woden, the name of an 
idol ; and daeg, a day : the fourth day of the week. 

Thursday, from Tliur, the heathen god of thunder; and. 
daeg, a day : the fifth day of the week. 

Friday, from Figa, one of the Saxon idols ; and daeg, a 
day : the sixth day of the week. 

Saturday, so called from the Saxon idol Seater ; and 
thought to be the same as the Saturn of the Latins : the 
seventh or last day of the week, the Jewish sabbath. 







MAY 30 1938 



APR « 


LD 21-95»n-7.'37 



/033 3O //y