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Full text of "Evidence study"

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 






3 9999 06317 562 2 "" (\'^'n\- \ /A ^ ^ 



NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION 

■ rti II ij 1 .you 



DIVISION OF REVIEW 

EVIDENCE STUDY 
NO. 46 

OF 

THE BAKING INDUSTRY 



Prepared by 
THE INDUSTRY STATISTICS UNIT 



October, 1935 



PRELIMINARY DRAFT 
(NOT FOR RELEASE: FOR USE IN DIVISION ONLY) 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06317 562 2 c^'^>>\- ' /-n ^^ ^ 



NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION 



DIVISION OF REVIEW 



EVIDENCE STUDY 
NO. 46 

OF 

THE BAKING INDUSTRY 



Prepared by 
THE INDUSTRY STATISTICS UNIT 



October, 1935 



PRELIMINARY DRAFT 
(NOT FOR RELEASE: FOR USE IN DIVISION ONLY) 



i 



► 



r 



T!IS EVIDEITCS STJDY SSSIS3 

The EVIDSIICS STlTDtES were originally planned as a means of gathering evidence 
tearin^^ uoon various leral issues ■'"hich arose under the National Industrial P.c- 
covery Act. 

These studies hav£ value quite aside fron the use for which they wore originally 
intended. Accordingly, they are now nade available for confidential use vrithin the 
Division of Heview, and for inclusion in Code Histories. 

The f-oll list of the Evidence Studies is as follows: 



1. Autonohile Manufacturing Ind, 23, 

2. Soot and Shoe Mfg. Ind. 24.. 

3. Bottled soft Driiil^ Ind. 25. 

4. Euilders' Supplies Ind. 26. 

5. Chenical I.ifg. Ind, 27. 

6. Cigar ;,'fg. Industry 23. 

7. Constr-JiGtion Industry 29. 

8. Cotton Cr.arrrent Industry/ 30. 

9. Dress I.:fg. Ind. 31. 

10. Zlsctrical Contracting Ind. 32. 

11. Electrical Mfg. Ind. 33. 

12. Tab. Metal Prod. Mfg., etc. 34. 

13. Fishery Industry 35. 

14. Purnitoro Mfg. Ind. 36. 

15. General Contractors Ind, 37. 

16. Graphic Arts Ind. 58. 

17. Gray Iron 5'oundry Ind. 39. 

18. Hosier:-' Ind. 40. 

19. Infant's & Children's Wear Ind. 41. 

20. Iron and Steel Ind. 42. 

21. Leather 43. 

22. Lumber & Timber Frod. Ind. 



I'ason Contractors Industry 

Men's Clothing Industry 

Motion Picture Industry 

Motor Bus Mfg. Industry (Dropped) 

Needl-eT.'ork Ind. of Puerto Rico 

Fainting & Paperhanging & Decorating 

Photo Engraving Industry 

Plunbing Contracting Industry 

Retail Food (See llo. 42) 

Retail Lumber Industry 

Retail Solid Fuel (Dropped) 

Retail Trade Industry 

Rubber Mfg. Ind. 

Rubber Tire Mfg. Ind. 

Silk Textile Ind. 

Structural Clay Products Ind. 

Throwing Industry 

Trucking Industry 

'tVaste Materials Ind. 

Tnolesale & Retail pood Ind. (See JIo. Si) 

^nolesale presh Pruit & Yeg. 



In addition to the st^idies brought to completion, certain materials have been 
assonbled for other industries. These MATERIALS are included in the series and are 
also nade available for confidential use within the Division of Review and for in- 
clusion in Code Histories, as follo\7s: 



44. Wool Textile Industry 

45. Automotive Pauts & Equip. 

46. Bakirig Industry 

47. Canning Industry 
43. Coat and S'uit Ind. 



49. Household Goods & Storage, etc, (Dropped) 

Ind. 50, Motor Vehicle Retailing Trade -Ind. 

51. Retail Tire & Battery Trade Ind. 

52. Ship & Boat Bldg. & Repairing Ind. 

53. Fnolosaling or Distributing Trade 



L. C. Marshall 
Director, Division of Review 



C^ii'iS-V- 



/A a 



CONTENTS 



General Notes 1-3 



ITotes for Data on Form R-P-28 4- 5 

Tables ^ "^^ 



8927 „-i-r 



r 



TABLES 



TABLE I-A - Index of EraplojTnent (1923-25=100), 1926-19o5 ..... 6 

B - Index of Employment (1929-100), 1926-1935 6 

C - Estimated Numter Employed, 1926-1935 6 

TABLE II-A - Index of Payrolls (1923-25=100), 1926-1935 7 

B - Index of Payrolls (1929=100), 1926-1935 7 

C - Estimated Weekly Payroll, 1926-1935 7 

TABLE III-A - Average Hours Worked Per Week, 1932-1935 8 

B - Estimated Total Man-Hours, 1932-1935 8 

TABLE IV-A - Average Hourly Wage , 1932-1935 9 

B - Average Weekly Wage, 1926-1935 9 

TABLE V-A - Average Retail Price of Bread (vifhite) at W.Y.C, 

1926-1935 10 

B - Average Retail Price of Bread (white) at 

Chicago, 1926-1935 10 

TABLE VI-A - Index of Wholesale Selling Prices (1929=100), 

1926-1935 11 

B - Items and Weights Used in Computation of Index 

of Wholesale Selling Prices 11 

TABLE VII-A - Bread, loaf, per lb, , "before talcing; New York, 

1926-1935 12 

B - Bread, loaf, per Ih, , "before "baking; Chicago, 

1926-1935 12 

C - Sweet Crackers, "bulk, per l"b, , delivered, 

1926-1935 12 

TABLE VIII-A - Index of Raw Material Cost Prices (1929=100), 

1926-1935 13 

B - Items and Weights for Index of Haw Material 

Cost Prices 13 

TABLE IX-A - Wholesale Prices of Wheat Elour, per "barrel, 

Buffalo, 1926-1935 14 

B - Wholesale Price of Tftieat Flour, per "barrel, 

Minneapolis, 1926-1935 14 

C - "wliolesale Price of Sugar, granulated, per I'b. , 

Ne\7 York, 1926-1935 14 

D - Wholesale Price of Eggs, firsts, per dozen, 

New York, 1926-1935 15 

E - Wholesale Price of Eggs, firsts, per dozen, 

Chicago , 1926-1935 15 

P - Wholesale Price of Lard, per pound, New York, 

1926-1935 15 



8927 



-11- 



TABLES (Conttd) 



TABLE 



X 



TABLE 



XI- 



TABLE 



XII 



TABLE XIII - 



TABLE 



XIV 



TABLE XV 



TABLE XVI 

TABLE XVII 

TABLE XVIII 

TABLE XIX 



- Establishments, Wage Earners, Wages, Cost of 

Materials, Value of Products, Value Added, 

and Horsepower, by Census Years, 1914 to 

1933 16 

A- Establishments, Wage Earners, Wages, Cost of 
iiaterials, Value of Products, and Value 
Added by Manufacture, by States, 1923 17 

B -Establishments, Wage Earners, Wages, Cost of 
Materiais, Value of Products, and Value 
Added by Manufacture, by States, 1927 18 

C -Establishments, Wage Earners, Wages, Cost of 
i.iaterials. Value of products, and Value 
Added by Manufacture, by States, 1929 19 

D -Establishments, Wage Eaxners, Wages, Cost of 
Materials, Value of products, and Value 
Added by Manufacture, by States, 1931 20 

- Establishments, Wage Earners, Wages, Cost of 

Materials, and Value of Products, Classified 

by Size of City, 1933 21 

Value of Products, by Kind of Product, 1929, 

1931 and 1933 22 

- Establishments, Wage Earners, Wages, Value of 

products, and Value Added, Classified by 

Number of Wage Earners per Establishment, 

1933 23 

- Establishments, Wage Earners, Wages, Cost of 

Materials, and Value of products, Classified 

by Number of Wage Earners, and by Size of 

City, 1933 24 

- Materials Purchased: Qaantity and Value, by 

Kinds, 1929 and 1931 25 

- Principal Materials: Per Cent of Total Production 

Consumed by the Industry, by Kind, 1929 .....26 

- Distribution of Manufacturers Sales, by Type 

of Outlet, 1929 27,28 

- Gainful Workers, by Age and Sex, 1930 29 



8927 



-111- 



-1- 

BAKING INDUSTRY 
General Notes 

Comparison of Definitions nf the Indur.try 

node Definition . - The Baking Industry, as defined by 
the code includes "the manufacture, distribution including 
trucking, and/or sale, in any manner whatsoeverj of bakery 
-oroducts." Hotels, clubs, and restaurants where bakery lorod- 
ucts are manufactured exclusively for consujmation at the lolace 
of mamifacture, and wholesale and retail stores which do not 
manufacture the bakery -oroducts offered for sale therein are 
not covered by the code. The terra "bakery products" includes 
"bread, rolls, cakes, ^ies, cookies, doughnuts and similar 
goods, and other sweet yeast raised goods, but does not include 
biscuits, crackers, uretzels, matzohs or ice cream cones." 

C ensus Definition . - The sub-classification "Bakery 
Products Other Than Biscuit and Crackers" of the Census classi- 
fication "Bread and Other Bakery Products" is ap-olied to indus- 
trial establishments engaged primarily in the production of 
"bread, cakes, pies, and other commodities designed for consump- 
tion within a fe-' days and. distributed locally or within the 
radius of quick delivery." 

Com-oarison . - The scoiDe of the industry as defined by 
the code is practically coextensive with th;vt of the Census ^^ 
classification "Bakery Products Other Than Biscuit a.nd Crackers. 
Both cover tne tjroduction of commodities designed for immediate 
consumiotion and exclude commodities designed to be -oacked m^ 
containers so as to retain their -oalatibility for an indefinite 
period. Because of the fact that baking activities are carried 
on b-^ restaurants and wholesale and retail groceries, the coverage 
is somewhat indefinite. Both the code and the Census attem-ot to 
cover only that -oart of activities of such organizations which 
relates purely to the -oroduction of bakery products for sale. 

Establishments, having an annual production valued at 
less than $5,000 are not included in the Census figures presented 
in this re^Dort (excepting in Table X for years -orior to 1921), 
Specific data as to the importance of this grouo are not availa- 
ble. Judging from Table X, however, the exclusion of this group 
apparently reduced the number of establishments canvassed by a 
considerable amount but had very little effect on other series 
such as wage earners, wages, or value of products. The code does 
not recognize any such minimum. 



8927 



— "5-. 



The sources of data in the accom-oanying tallies are the 
Bxii-eau of the Census and the Bureau of Lahor Statistics. 

B ureau of Census Data . - The industry "Bread and Other 
Balcery Products" as defined "by the Census embraces two distinct 
"branches. The first "cora-orises estatlishments otjerating on a 
factory tasis and manufacturing biscuit, crackers, pretzels, 
etc." The second "cora-orises "bakeries engaged in the ijroduction 
of "bread, cakes, -oies" and other commodities designed for im- 
mediate consumption. As has been indicated above statistics for 
this second branch of the industry may be used as representative 
of the industry as defined by the code. Except for a few tables 
data for this classification are presented in this rerjort. Data 
on materials purchased and cons-umed by the Baking Industry are 
not available for the seoarate branches of the industry. Tables 
X"VI and XVII cover the entire industry but are fairly representa- 
tive of the classification "Bakery Products Other Than Biscuit 
and Crackers" in that establishments in the "Biscuit and Crackers" 
iranch of the industry account for less than 20 per cent of the 
value of products in the industry as a whole. 

The returns on the detailed statistics of materials and 
products called for on the Census schedules have been "incomplete 
to such a degree as render it impractical to give comnarable 
figures for different Census years." Establishments which made 
satisfactory returns at one census failed to do so at another. 
Bakeries with annual nroduction of less than $20,000 do not, as 
a rule, keep comiDlete records. Also, some of the larger bakeries 
fail to re-Dort the detailed statistics called for on the schedule. 
These facts should be keiot in mind in connection with Tables 
XIII, XVI and XVII. 

Detailed data for a number of states have been omitted 
from the tables showing state breakdorrns (Table XI ) because of 
their relatively small value of nroduct. Some other of the 
foregoing states, however, may have a greater value of oroduct 
than that of states listed in the body of the table. Detailed 
data for these states have not been -oublished by the Census for 
the separate branches of the industry in order not to disclose 
operations of individual establishments. 



8927 



-3- 

Bureau of Labor Statistics Data . - Labor data from this 
source are "based on a sannDle of the Census classification "Bread 
and Other Bakery Products." They are therefore more inclusive 
in coverage than the code definition in that biscuits, crackers, 
pretzels, etc. are excluded from the code. A detailed descrip- 
tion of these data, as- well as the isrice and cost of materials 
series from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, are presented on 
notes accoEDTjanying those tables. 



Industry Statistics Unit, 
Statistics Section, 
Division of Review, KRA, 
October 31, 1935 



8927 



ITotes for Data on 'Foni R-P-28 

EA-KING INDUSTRY 
(Code llo. 445) 



1. GEIIERA-L COi.D.iEITTS OH CURBEKT LA30R tATA 

Current latior data fron the Birreau of Latior Statistics are "based 
uoon a sazrole covering, for enploymcnt, -oayrolls and average weekl:,'- 
wages, ap-n-oximately 45 per cent, and, for average hours and average 
hourlj^ wages, ap-oroximately 35 per cent, of the wage earners covered by 
the Census classification "Bread and Other Baicery Products." Prior to 
1934 the sanple coverage was approximately 35 per cent for employnent, 
payrolls and average weekly wages and approximately 20 per cent for av- 
erage ho\u-s and average hourly earnings. 

The Census classification "Bread and Other Baherj^ Products" 
covers all 'baliery products of which, in value, the Baiting Industry Code 
comprise approximately 82 per cent. 



2, 3I.IPL0YI.SITT ATB PAYROLLS 

Bureau of Lahor Statistics indexes have "been adjusted to the 
1933 Census totals "by IIPA. The hase figures used in the adjustments 
and in estimating employment and payrolls cover "biscuit and craker 
manufacturers as well as producers of the hread and other "balcery prod- 
ucts which are covered hy the code. 



3. PRICES 

Current Bureau of Lahor Statistics monthly retail prices of 
"bread are market quotations at llevf York and Chicago for the week near- 
est the fifteenth of the month. 

The index of wholesale prices is a composite of three Bureau of 
Labor Statistics wholesale price series weighted "by the quantities mar- 
keted in 1931, These series are c^uotations of "bread prices at Hew York 
and at Chicago and of sweet crackers. Hie Bureau of La"bor Statistics 
pu"blished quotations of "bread prices in five cities. The other three 
have not "been included in this index "because the qxiantity marketed in 
these three cities represents only 10 per cent of the quantit;' raarlceted 
in the five cities. 



8927 



4. COST OF ijlTEEIALS 

The index of raw materials' prices is a composite of si:: Bureau 
of Labor Statistics wholesale price series. In computing this index 
onlj'' those commodities v/hose prices are reported consistently were used. 
Price quotations of wheat flour, standard patents, at Buffalo and 
Minneapolis were selected as representative of all flour marketed, as 
the qi\a.ntity iiarketed at these points represents 50 per cent of the 
flour narheted at all the points for which the Bureau of Lahor Statistics 
c[uotes prices. Price quotations of e^gs at Chicago and ITev; York were 
selected since nearlj;- 70 per cent of the quantity of eggs narlreted in the 
seven points for which prices are c^uoted are sold in those two cities, 

Tlie weights used in combining the si:: series are based on the 

quantities consuBied as raw Materials in the industry, 1929 and 1931, as 

reported by the Census for the classification "Bread and Other Bakery 
Products," 



Industr?/ Statistics Unit, 
Statistics Section, 
Division of I>.evicw, IIRA., 
November 2, 1935, 



3927 



R-P 


-28 






' 


■•* 




Code Ho. 


445 










RAKTWG INWISBrr 
FACTOKT IMPLOTMKNT 










1 1926 


Index of :^i.e7Bent (5923-25^100) iJ 
1927 i9n i9» laan lesi laas i93s 


19 M 


1935 






JAN 


96.8 


100.9 


105.2 


115.5 


123.1 


113.1 


1^4.3 


95.8 


106.4 


106.7 




EB 


96.9 


1.2 6 


106 1 


118.2 


12:3.1 


113,1 


1.3.1 


95.: 


108.4 


.11.3 




MAR 


99.5 


105.8 


107.7 


120.1 


122.0 


113.0 


ip3.5 


94.6 


110.3 


110.9 




APR 


98.8 


104 1 


1 8.0 


119.. 


122.2 


112.4 


102.7 


95.7 


111.2 


111.8 




MAY 


iJO.l 


10S.7 


110.8 


122.2 


123.0 


114.2 


102.5 


96.8 


-11£^ 


112.7 




. .'N 


105.7 


108.4 


113.1 


1^:^.0 


124.2 


114.3 


J.02.0 


98.1 


114.6 


114.2 




J L 


03. 


106.8 


13 


.25 6 


1..3.1 


U5.- 


101.0 


99.5 


116.3 


111.5 




AUG 


_01.9 


106.2 


_12.6 


.25.0 


120.5 


113.8 


99.9 


102.7 


115.8 


111.7 




«P 


103.7 


109. T 


11 .9 


128.2 


121.6 


113.2 


99.5 


108.9 


115.7 


.-14.6 


p 


OCT 

UK)' 


105.8 


110.1 


118.3 


129.8 


120.4 


111.9 


100.1 


110.1 


116.1 






103.6 


108.4 


117.7 


127.7 


jiaa.. 


109.1 


98.3 


109.1 


jnSL±k\ 






or.- 


lOtf.l 


106.9 


117.. 


1.6.1 


II0.7 


107.4 


97.7 


107.7 


115.4 






t^ZSOStJ 


I0i»^ 


109,9 


11-.2 


123 6 


ia.5 


112.6 


101 


101 2 


113 2 






I-» 




Enuex er &qtle7aeBt (19S9«1 O) ^ 












:ja 


78 S 


81.6 


85^ 


93.5 


9 6 


1.4 


85.8 


8 .9 


96.3 


96 6 




FEB 


78 4 


83.0 


8t.8 


9.. 6 


9. .6 


.1.2 


85.2 


84.0 


98 1 


100.8 




MAR 
APR 
MAY 


80.5 


84.0 


8 .1 


9 .2 


98.. 


-1.0 


85.9 


J3.6 


99.8 


10' .4 




9. 


84 2 


u. .tt 


9 


98 9 


90.4 


85 8 


85. 


100,7 


101.2 




81.0 


83 9 


89.6 


98.9 


99.5 


91.. 


86.1 


86.3 


102.5 


102.0 




JUN 


83 9 


P7.7 


91.5 


lOl.l 


100.5 


92.1 


86.1 


87.8 


103.7 


103.4 




JUL 


83.9 


86.4 


1.4 


10i..6 


99.6 


92.9 


85.7 


89.3 


105.3 


100.9 




AU' 


32 c 4 


85.9 


91.1 


101-1 


97.5 


9<;.0 


85.2 


92.4 


104.8 


_1QU. 




SEO 


83 9 


88 2 


91C6 


x03 7 


8.4 


.1.- 


85.4 


98.2 


104.7 


103.7 


P 


OCT 


85.: 


89.1 


95.7 


105.0 


97.4 


91.0 


86.4 


99.5 


105.1 






NOV 


83.8 


87.7 


95. w 


103.3 


95.8 


89.1 


85.2 


98.7 


10'.. 5 






DEC 


82.6 


86.5 


94.9 


i02.c 


.4.4 


88.0 


85.1 


97.6 


104.5 






A.T«reL«el 


82,0 


85.7 


90.8 


100.0 


98 5 


:i.i 


8*1.7 


5 


102 5 






I-C 


Ki 


Btlmatad Number Sqiloy d (tbousandE 


. ll 










JAN 


157.3 


163.9 


170.9 


187.4 


200.0 


1.J3.6 


1 2.3 


168 5 


193. 


194.0 




FEB 


157-5 


166.7 


172.3 


192.0 


200.0 


183-2 


171.1 


ISA. 7 


197.0 


202.4 




MAF 


161.7 


168.7 


174.9 


195.2 


198.2 


182.8 


1 2.. 


16., .9 


200.4 


201.6 




APR 


160.5 


169.1 


175.5 


194.8 


198.6 


181.6 


172.3 


170.7 


202.2 


203.3 




MAY 


162.7 


168.5 


180, n 


1.W.6 


199.8 


184.5 


172.9 


x73.3 


205.9 


204.9 




JUN 


168.5 


176.1 


18^ 


20^.1 


201.8 


185.0 


172.9 


1 6.3 


J08.3 


207.7 




JUL 


168.5 


173.5 


183.6 


204.1 


200.0 


186.6 


172.1 


1 9.4 


211.5 


202.6 




AUG 


155.5 


172.5 


183.0 


203.1 


195.8 


-84.8 


171.1 


135.6 


210 5 


203.1 




S P 


168.5 


177.1 


.90.0 


208.3 


1:7.6 


184.4 


.71... 


1 7.2 


21-. 3 


208.3 


P 


OCT 


171.9 


178.9 


1.^.2 


10 9 


..5.6 


1 2.8 


x,:.5 


. 9.8 


211 1 






NOV 


168.3 


176.1 


191.2 


207.5 


1.2. 


1 8.9 


-7 .1 


1 8.2 


209.9 






PEC 


165.9 


175.7 


190. £ 


204.9 


189.6 


1,6.7 


170.9 


195.8 


209.9 






kaxttd 


1M,T 


172t1 


182,3 


200.8 


19/: 5 


182.9 


172.0 


181.8 


205.9 






%/ Bureau of ] 

i/ Index of a 

total by Nl 

P • prelWi 


-abor S- 
j^loynei 
2A. 

L929 ba 

wry 


tatistios index for "Baking." 

it shifted to 1929 base and td juste 

Be figure 200.841. 


>d to V: 


)33 Ceni 


sua 





p, 



, IVISION OF REVIEW, NRA 
ndustrj Statistics UlI., GE?: re^ 



.55 



R-P 


-28 






-9 


t^ 






,,C9^Ho. 44S 








BAEENG INDDSTRT 
FACTORY PAYROLLS 








II-A 

1926 


1927 


Index of Payroll* (l9£3~ 25-100) a/ 
1 28 1929 1930 1931 1932 1953 


1934 


1935 






JAN 


100 


102.9 


105.9 


115.4 


J. 25. 8 


112 V 


97.1 


79.2 


08.8 


89.6 




FEB 


100.9 


105.8 


107.9 


119.2 


126.1 


112.2 


.iij,4 


77.6 


9^.4 


W.7 




MAR 


102,8 


106.6 


109.5 


120.9 


124.7 


111. 3 


94.6 


75.3 


91.8 


93.7 




APR 


100.5 


106.1 


107.5 


120.3 


1.5.7 


109.5 


91.2 


76.8 


91.3 


95.5 




MAY 


104,5 


107.3 


112.5 


125.3 


12<'.2 


112.3 


90.5 


78.1 


95.3 


97.3 




JUN 


107.1 


110.3 


114.7 


127.4 


127.6 


112.3 


89.2 


79.6 


96-5 


99.6 




JUL 


a06.3 


108.8 


114.4 


127 6 


125.3 


11 ...0 


86.0 


81.8 


98.2 


96.5 




AUG 


103.5 


107.6 


113.7 


126.9 


121.7 


108.4 


84,5 


83.1 


97.8 


95.7 




SEP 


106.0 


110.4 


117.9 


130.6 


124.6 


108,3 


85.8 


90.2 


99.6 


101.6 


p 


OCT 


107.6 


111.2 


119,0 


132.1 


121.7 


106.3 


85.6 


90.6 


98.3 






NOV 


105.5 


109.6 


118.5 


129.8 


119.3 


103.3 


82.7 


90.4 


98 » 6. 






EC 


104.9 


107.3 


117.9 


127.9 


115.9 


100.4 


80.7 


89.6 


98.7 






ti^i&zal 


104,1 


107.8 


113.3 


125.3 


123.7 


109.0 


88.6 


82.7 


V5.5 






II-B 




Index of Payrolls (1929=100 ) b/ 












JAN 


79.8 


82.1 


84.5 


92.1 


100.4 


89. 5 


78.5 


67 2 


77.3 


78.0 




EB 


80.5 


84.4 


86.1 


95.1 


100.7 


8. 4 


77,4 


66. \ 


79.6 


81.? 




MAR 


82.1 


85.1 


87.4 


96.5 


99.5 


88 6 


77.0 


64.4 


79.9 


81.6 




APR 


80.2 


84.7 


85.8 


96.0 


100.3 


8 .0 


74.6 


65.9 


79.5 


83.1 




MAY 


83.4 


85.6 


89.8 


100.0 


100.7 


89.2 


74.3 


67.1 


83,0 


84.7 




JUN 


85 5 


88 


91.6 


101.7 


101.9 


89.3 


73.5 


68,6 


84,0 


86.7 




JUL 


84.8 


86.8 


91 ,.3 


101.9 


100.0 


88.4 


71.2 


70,7 


85.5 


84.0 




AUG 


2.6 


85.9 


90 8 


101 3 


97.1 


86.4 


70 2 


72.0 


85.2 


83 3 




SEP 


8 .6 


88.1 


94.1 


104 2 


99.. 


8.. .5 


71.7 


78,3 


86.7 


88.4 


P 


OCT 


85.9 


88.8 


95.0 


105.4 


97.1 


85.1 


71.7 


78.7 


85.6 






HW 


84.2 


87.5 


94.6 


103.6 


95.2 


83.0 


69.6 


78.7 


85.8 






DEC 


83.7 


86.6 


94.1 


102.1 


92.5 


80.9 


68.2 


78.0 


85.9 






Average 


83.1 


86.0 


90=4 


100.0 


98.7 


86.9 


7?. 2 


71.3 


83,2 






II-C 


Estlmf 


atad Weekly Payroll (thouaands of d 


lollars. 


iL/ 








JAN 


4.213 


4.335 


4.462 


4.863 


5.301 


4. 26 


4.145 


3.548 


4.081 


4.118 




FEB 


.-i50 


4.456 


4.54.' 


5.021 


5.317 


4. 20 


4.087 


3.490 


4.203 


4. 309 




MAR 


4.335 


4.493 


4.61; 


5.095 


5,254 


4. 73 


-.066 


3.400 


4.219 


4.309 




APR 


4.235 


4.472 


4.530 


..0 9 


5.29 a 


4.594 


3.8^9 


3.480 


4.198 


4.388 




MAY 


4,404 


4,520 


4.741 


5.28 


5.317 


4.7.0 


3.923 


3.543 


4.382 


4.472 




JUN 


4.514 


4.646 


4.8o7 


5.3r"^ 


5.380 


4.7J.5 


3.881 


3.622 


4.435 


4.578 




JUL 


4.477 


4.583 


4.821 


5,380 


5.280 


4.668 


3.759 


3.733 


4.514 


4.435 




AUG 


4.361 


4.536 


4.794 


5.349 


5.127 


4,562 


3.70? 


3,802 


4,499 


4,398 




SEP 


4.467 


4,652 


4,969 


5,502 


,254 


4.567 


3,786 


4.134 


4.578 


4.668 


P 


OCT 


4.536 


4.689 


5.016 


5,..'6o 


5.127 


4.493 


3.76^ 


4.155 


4.520 






NOV 


4.446 


4.620 


4.995 


5.47o 


5.027 


4.382 


3.6''5 


4.155 


4.500 






PEC 


4.419 


4.520 


4.969 


5.391 


4.884 


4.272 


3.601 


4.118 


4.536 






ATaragfil 


4.388 


4.544 


4.475 


5.280 


5,214 


4.590 


3.563 


3.765 


4.391 






^ Bureau of 1 

V Index of Pi 

total by Nl 

p -"pr^i^mfi 


-abor S 
iy\xll8 
RA. 

1929 b 

i^jry. 


tatistlcs index for "Baking," 
shifted to 1929 base and adjusted 

ase figure (15,280,030). 


to 193; 


i Ceastti 


1 





P. 



IVISION OF REVIEW, N R A 
ndufltry Statistics Unit, GET, revised, 1-4-55 



R-P 


-28 








-8. 












BAKING INDUS THY | 
MAN-HOURS - FACTOKY 


III-A Average Hours Worked Per Week ^ 

19P6 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1^32 12S3 I2i4 19.35. 




^AN 














47.1 


46.4 


40.8 


40.3 


FEB 














46.4 


46.9 


40.5 


40.1 


MAR 














47.2 


45.6 


40.9 


39.0 


APR 














47.1 


46:6 


41.5 


39.9 


MAY 














47.0 


46,8 


41.4 


40 2 


JUN 














46.3 


46.7 


41.7 


40.5 


. L 














46.0 


47.2 


40.9 


40.7 


AUG 














46.4 


43.0 


40.0 


39.7 


SEP 


1 












47.7 


41.5 


40.5 




OCT 














47.4 


40.9 


39.4 




NOV 














46.1 


40.0 


39.6 




DEC 














45.5 


40. ^' 


39.7 




Av rage] 














46.7 


44,4 


40.6 




III-B Estimated Total Man-Hours (thousands) b/ 




JAN 














8115 


7818 


7891 


7818 


FEB 














7939 


7912 


7979 


8116 


MAR 














8142 


7656 


8196 


7862 


APR 














8115 


7955 


8391 


811?. 


MAY 














8126 


8110 


8524 


8237 


JUN 














8005 


8233 


8686 


8412 


JU 














7917 


8468 


8650 


8246 


AUG 














7939 


7981 


8420 


8059 


SEP 














8181 


8184 


8517 




OCT 














8224 


8172 


8317 




NOV 














7888 


7928 


8312 




DE 














7776 


7989 


8333 




Aver- gq 














8031 


8117 


8351 








JAN 






















FEB 






















MAR 






















APR 






















MAY 






















JUN 






















JUL 






















AUG 






















SEP 






















OCT 






















NOV 






















DEC 






















~1 






















a/ Bureau of La'^or statistics' series for "Baki-g." 

Jb/ Estimated Number Employed (I-C) times Average Hours Worked per Week (III-A , 



RESEARCH & PLANNING, N.R.A 

Code Industry Analysis Unit, P.M. ? 



Revised GEF:da 1-4-35. 



R-P-28 



-9- 

BAKING INDUSTRY 
WAGE RATES - FACTORY 



] 



IV-A 



1Q26 1927_ 



Average Hourly Wage (cents) ^f 
19gR IQgQ 1930 1221 1222- 



APR 



MAY 



!5VB! 



JAN 



FEB 



MAR 



JUN 



JUL 



AUG 



SEP 



OCT 



NOV 



DEC 



■age 



49.2 



.isaa 1834- 



49.6 



46.9 



45.9 



45.5 



44.8 



45.1 



43.9 



44.0 



43.7 



43.6 



43.4 



45.5 



43.2 



42.5 



44.1 



43.2 



42.9 



42.2 



42.9 



47.8 



50.3 



50.6 



51,8 



50.7 



50.8 



52.4 



5S.Q 



52.4 



51.3 



51.8 



51.4 



53.4 



52.9 



54.0 



52.0 



54.0 



^1^1. 



53.6 



54.3 



54.0 



54.1 



53.9 



55.6 



54.0 



46.0 I 52. 91 



IV-B 



Average Weekly Wage (dollars) a/ 



JAN 



FEB 



MAR 



APR 



MAY 



JUN 



JUL 



AUG 



SEP 



OCT 



NOV 



DEC 



Average 



86.78 



27.00 



26.89 



26.34 



27.16 



26.95 



26.84 



26.68 



26.96 



26,84 



26.84 



26.86 



26.85 



26.98 



27.26 



26.99 



26.82 



27.40 



26.78 



26,91 



26.90 



26.83 



26.80 



26.91 



26.78 



26.93 



26.85 



27.21 



27.11 



26.39 



27.14 



27.04 



26.94 



26.90 



26.82 



26.68 



26.76 



26.58 



26.87 



26.44 



27.13 



26.80 



26.67 



26.30 



26.90 



26.91 



27.03 



27.06 



26.98 



27.00 



26.99 



26.85 



27.28 



27.14 



27.11 



27.40 



27.23 



27.39 



27.19 



26.85 



27,27 



26.92 



26.82 



26.54 



27 ,10 



26.53 



26.36 



26.27 



25.94 



26.22 



26.09 



25.60 



25.26 



25.49 



25.21 



25.10 



24.67 



25.73 



24.62 



24.39 



24.35 



23.57 



23,38 



23.13 



22.63 



22.30 



22,78 



22.48 



22.11 



21.88 



22,03 



21.56 



21.12 



21.35 



21.51 



21.17 



21.81 



21.52 



22.01 



21.78 



21.70 



21.89 



ggtUl 83Lt68 



21.91 



21 31 



22.12 



21.05 



21.77 



20.50 



21.46 



22.06 



21,51 I 



21.89 



?3..88 



22.11 



gl»S8 



21,85 



21.54 



22.07 



21^37 



21.43 



21.43 



21.79 



JAN 



FEB 



MAR 



APR 



MAY 



JUN 



JUL 



AUG 



SEP 



OCT 



NOV 



DEC 



a/ Bureau of Labor Statistics. series for "Baking." 



RESEARCH ti PLANNING, N.R.A . 
(Code Industiy Analysis Unit - P.»'^ 10-30-34) 



R-P 


-28 








-10- 






Code No. 


U5 






BAnNG UJDUSTST 
BETAIL PBICS 










V-A 


Arerago Retail Pri 
1926 1927 1928 


ce of Bread (white) at N.Y.C. (cents) §J 
1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 


1926 




JAh 


9.6 


9.6 


9.1 


8.7 


8.6 


8.0 


7.4 


7 3 


8.6 


8.8 


FEB 


9.6 


9.7 


9.1 


8.6 


8.6 


8.0 


7.4 


7.3 


8.7 


8.9 


MAfl 


9.6 


9.7 


8.8 


8.6 


8.6 


7.9 


7.4 


7,3 


8.7 


8.9 


APR 


9.7 


9.6 


8.8 


8.6 


8.7 


7.6 


7.4 


7-3 


8.7 


8.9 


MAY 


9.7 


9.7 


8.8 


8.6 


8.7 


7.6 


7.4 


7.3 


8.8 


8.9 


J^^-. 


9.6 


9.7 


a.a 


fl.6 


ft. 7 


7.7 


7.4 


7.3 


8.8 


8.9 


J 


9.6 


9 7 


8.7 


8.6 


8 7 


7.7 


7.4 


7.7 


8.8 


8.9 


AUG 


9.6 


9 7 


8 7 


8 7 


,8.6 


7 7 


7.4 


7.8 


8.8 


8.9 


P 


9.6 


9.7 


8.7 


8.7 


8.6 


7.7 


7.4 


8.0 


8.8 


8.7 


OCT 


9.6 


9.7 


8.6 


8.7 


8.5 


7.7 


7.4 


8.6 


8.8 




MOV 


9.6 


9.6 


8.6 


8.7 


8.5 


7.7 


7.4 


8.6 


8.9 




EC 


9.6 


9.6 


8.6 


8.6 


8.5 


7.5 


7.4 


8.6 


8.9 




■^T^raKflJ 


9.6 


9,7 


8.8 


8.6 


8 6 


7.7 


7.4 


7.8 


8.8 




V-B 


Average Hetail Pri 


ee of Bread (Wblte) at Chicaga (cents) a/ 






JAN 


9.8 


9.9 


9.6 


9.9 


9 4 


9.0 


7.7 


6.1 


6.8 


7.3 


febI 


• .8 


9.9 


9.6 


9.9 


9.4 


8.9 


7.7 


6.1 


6.8 


7.5 


MAR 


9 8 


9.9 


9.6 


9.9 


9.4 


8.7 


7.7 


6.1 


6.9 


7.3 


APR 


9.8 


9.9 


9.6 


9.9 


9.4 


8.7 


7.7 


6.1 


7.1 


7.4 


MAY 


.8 


9.9 


9.6 


9.9 


9.4 


8.7 


7.6 


6.1 


7.3 


7.4 


JUN 


9.8 


.-..9 


9.6 


9.9 


9.4 


8.7 


7.6 


6.1 


7.3 


7.4 


JUL 


9.8 


.9 


9.6 


9.9 


9.4 


8.7 


7.6 


6.6 


7.2 


7.5 


AUG 


9.8 


9.9 


9.9 


9.9 


9.4 


8.7 


7.6 


6.8 


7.3 


7.4 


SEP 


9.8 


9.9 


9.9 


9.7 


9.4 


8.7 


7.5 


7.1 


7.3 


7.6 


OCT 


9.8 


9.9 


9 9 


9.7 


9.2 


8.7 


7.5 


7.1 


7.3 




NOV 


.8 


9.9 


9.9 


9.7 


9.1 


8.7 


7 4 


7.1 


7.3 




DEC 


9.8 


9.9 


9.9 


9.7 


9.1 


8.6 


6.3 


6.9 


7.5 




-TerftKd 


9.8 


9»9 


9.7 


9.8 


9.3 


8.7 


7Ȥ 


6t5 


7.2 








JAN 






















FEB 






















MAR 






















APR 






















MAY 






















JUN 






















JUL 






















AUG 






















SEP 






















OCT 






















NOV 






















DEC 






















1 






















sJ Bttpe 


an of Labor Statiatle 
ar7 1933). 


8 (data 


not publishec 


L from ] 


^ecembei 


r 1931 


to 



DIVISION OF REVIEV\/, N RA 

Industry ^tatistlce Unit, HHD;rb, 10-15-35 



R-P 


-28 






-U- 






Code No. 445 




1 

BArrua iniwstry 

WHOLESALE PRICES 


VI-A Index of Wholesale Selling Prices (1929=100) V 

1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 i| 




JAh 


105.^ 


1U3 


103.0 


103.0 


99.7 


93.9 


95.5 


84^6 


95.4 


102.^ 


FEB 


135.3 


103.0 ^ 


103.0 


99.7 


99.7 


98.9 


94.1 


8^.6 


95.4 




MAR 


1C5.3 


03.0 


103.0 


99.7 


99.7 


98.9 


?4.1 


84.6 


95.4 


194 ^ 


PR. 


105,3 


103.0 


103.0 


9y 7 


99.7 


96.9 


•93.7 


84.6 


98.2 


104.2 


MAY 


1 3.0 


103.0 


103.0 


99.7 


99.7 


98.9 


9-^.5 


84.6 


M.2 


104 n? 


JUN 


103.0 


103.0 


103.0 


99.7 


99.7 


98.9 


93.3 


84.6 


99.2 


104.7 


JUL 


103.0 


03.0 


103.0 


99 7 


99.7 


98.9 


93.3 


86.0 


99.2 


104.7 


AUG 


103. 


103.0 


103.0 


99 7 


,99.7 


98.9 


93.0 


88.3 


99.3 


104.7 


SEP 


103.0 


103.0 


103.0 


99.7 


99.7 


98.9 


92.6 


, 89,6 


99.3 




OCT 


1 .0 


103.0 


103.0 


99 7 


99.7 


98.8 


91.6 


94.7 


lP0t2 




MOV 


lo-s.o 


103.0 


103.0 


99.7 


99.7 


98.8 


_2iL.6. 


95.1 


100. S 




DEC 


1Q3.0 


103.0 


103-0 


99.7 


99.7 


98.8 


87. 6 


95.4 


103-4 




Avara^ 


103.6 


102.0 


10?. 


100.0 


99.7 


?8.9 


9S.9 


... §9,1 


98.7 




Yj_Q Items aod Weights Used in Coc^ tat ion of Index of Wholesale Gelling 

Prices b/ 




JAN 






















FEB 




Items 














w?i*t 


» 


MAR 






















APR 


Bread 


loaf. 


per It 


. befoj 


L bakii 


?. Ch < 


a«o 




.80 




MAY 






















JUN 


Bread 


loaf. 


per lb 


. befoi 


p bAMi 


a; New 


York 




-60 




JUL 






















AUG 


Sweet 


Cracke 


rs. bul 


ȣ. per 


Lb . dt 


livero( 






.10 




SEP 






















OCT 






















NOV 






















DEC 






















1 


























JAN 






















FEB 






















MAR 






















APR 






















MAY 


















• 




JUN 






















JUL 






















AUG 






















SEP 






















OCT 






















NOV 






















DEC 












































a/ NEA composite of three series taken frcm Bureau of Labor Statistics 
"Wholesale Prices." Items and weights are shown in VI-B. 

iJ iSei^ts are based upon Bureau of Labor Statistics' quantity wei^ts as 
given in "Wholesale Prices: ^unntity Weighti g Fa tors Used in Calculat- 
ing Index Numbflrs , 1R90-19M." 



DIV SION OF REV EW, NRA 

Industry Statistics Unit, ELG:rb, 10-1-35 



R-P 


•28 








-IS- 
















BAKING INDUS THY 
SHOLESALE PRICBS 






~ 


yii-A 


Bread 
1926 


, loaf, per lb., Wefc 
1927 1928 1929 


re baking; Nevr 7o3± 
1930 1931 1932 


(cents) 




198&I 




JAt^ 


7.00 


7.00 


7.00 


7.00- 


6.59 


6.59 


6.30 


6.00 


6.50 


6.8C 


FEB 


7.00 


7.00 


7.00 


6.59 


6.59 


6.59 


6.00 


6.00 


6.50 


7.00 


MAfi 


7.00 


7.00 


7.00 


6.53 


6.59 


6.59 


6.00 


6.00 


6,50 


7.0C 


APR 


7.00 


7.00 


7.00 


6.59 


6.59 


6.59 


6.00 


6.00 


6,50 


7.0C 


MAY 


7.00 


7.00 


7.00 


6.59 


6.59 


6,59 


6.00 


6.00 


6.50 


7»0C 


JUN 


7.00 


7.00 


7.00 


6.59 


6.59 


6.59 


6.00 


6.00 


6.50 


6.9C 


JUL 


7.00 


7.00 


7.00 


6,59 


6.59 


6.59 


6-00 


6.00 


6..«iO 


fi.9C 


AUG 


7.00 


7.00 


7.00 


6,59 


,6.59 


6.59 


6oOO 


6,00 


6.50 


5.9C 


SEP 


7.00 


7.00 


7.00 


6.59 


6.59 


6.59 


6.00 


6.00 


6.50 




OCT 


7.00 


7.00 


7.00 


6.59 


6.59 


6.59 


6.00 


6.58 


6.50 




MOV 


7 00 


7.00 


7.00 


6.59 


6.59 


6.59 


6.00 


6.50 


6-50 




DEC 


7.00 


7.00 


7.00 


6.59 


6.59 


6.59 


6.00 


6-50 


6.90 




^Tsn&d 


7t0p 


7.00 


7tQP 


6.62 


6.59 


6.59 


6.03 


—105. 


^,53 




TII-B 


Brea 


d, loaf, per lb., before baking; CMe^ago 


i cents) a/ 


1 




JAN 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.35 


7.35 


4.95 


5.92 


6.9C 


fEB 


7.45 


7,45 


7.45 


7.45 


7 45 


7.35 


7.35 


4.95 


5.92 


6.9C 


MAA 


7.45 


7.45 


7 45 


7.45 


7.45 


7. 35 


7.35 


4.95 


5.92 


6.9C 


APR 


7.45 


7.4o 


7.45 


7.45 


7,4'= 


7.35 


7,25 


4.95 


6.64 


6.9C 


MAY 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7„35 


7.15 


4.98 


6.88 


6.9C 


JUN 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.35 


7.15 


4.95 


6.88 


6.9C 


JUL 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.35 


7.15 


4.95 


6.86 


6.9C 


AUG 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.35 


7.07 


5.44 


6.90 


6.9C 


SEP 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.35 


6.98 


5.76 


6.90 




OCT 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.35 


6.73 


5.82 


6.90 




NOV 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.35 


6.4S 


5.84 


6.90 




DEC 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.35 


5.72 


5.9£ 


6.90 




ArATflfffJ 


7.45 


7,45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.45 


7.35 


6.98 


8.29 


6.60 




VII-C 




Sweet Graclcers, bulk, 


per Ibe, dellTered 


(cents) a/ 




JAN 


15.80 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


13.70 


13.61 


13.57 


15.8€ 


16.6C 


FEB 


15.80 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


13.70 


13.60 


13.57 


15.88 


16.60 


MAR 


15.80 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


13.70 


13.60 


13.57 


16.88 


16.60 


APR 


15.30 


14.04 


14,0-^i 


14,04 


14.04 


13.70 


13.59 


13.57 


15.88 


16.60 


MAY 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


13.70 


13.57 


13.57 


15.68 


16.60 


JUN 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


\L -^4 


14.04 


13.70 


13.57 


13.57 


15.88 


17.66 


JUL 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


14. V. 


14.04 


13.70 


13.57 


14.60 


15.88 


17.60 


AUG 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


13.70 


13.57 


14.94 


15.90 


17.60 


SEP 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


13.70 


13.57 


14.94 


15.90 




OCT 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


13.64 


13.57 


15.15 


16.60 




NOV 


14.04 


14,04 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


13.64 


13. 57 


15.88 


16.60 




DEC 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


13.84 


13.64 


13.57 


15.88 


16.60 




Ajaised 


14.63 


14.04 


14.04 


14.04 


14.02 


13.69 


13.58 


14.40 


16.10 




sJ Bar 


sau of 3 


Labor Statistics 











DIVISION OF REVIEW, NRA 
Industry Statistics Unit, ELG:rb, 10-1 W5 



R-P-28 



-13- 



BAEISO IBSUSIBT 
COST Oy MATmiALS 



1 



7II1-A 



Index of Bav Uaterial Cost Prieee (1929b100) a/ 
192fi IQar 1928 IQgQ 19?0 Iflgl IfflS Ift^ffl ^9U 19» 



MAY 



••AN 



FEB 



MAR 



APR 



JUN 



JUL 



AUG 



SEP 



OCT 



MOV 



DEC 



igaragLA2fl«0. 



121^ 



12fi^ 



i22^ 



121^ 



nfi.a 



1220^ 



119,6 



ll2«fi. 



112^ 



117.1 



ll&i2. 



Ilfi^ 



JLXi^ 



A1Q*& 



J^ifi^ 



105^4 



110.8 



111-9 



.HQoCL 



Jii&A 



JLQ&JL 



107.7 



1^^ 



W»% 



JLQS^ 



JLIQ^ 



104.7 



ADSu^ 



22^^ 



ns.4 



J10.£ 



Ji)S*l 



9fi.7 



^101.2 



JIS^ 



J[fiL& 



a6»a 



AQ&aZ 



_Sfi^ 



im.o 



-9&.^ 



ga>7 



9o.a 



S2.fi 



jiM^a 



ityy.fi 



.IQ&JI 



103*0 



J1Q2^ 



1^.3 



JL(]£La 



.lfi£LA 



94. B 



9n.ft 



JSS^ 



-88a 



.M»A 



81.7 



fln.fi 



_B£Lil 



T7^ 



7fi.g 



JIS^ 



-8&J. 



JZ2L& 



71.0 



JISUL 



_fia^ 



.£a*i 



.£8*2 



-fi&«£ 



ftfi.S 



fi5.7 



_ga.2 



_Z4^ 



fi9.2 



JiSLSl 



Jfi«S 



.fifiufl 



fia>a 87.8 



62.6 



fiO.l 



61.8 



-&a^ 



j6Q«j 



Jft«&. 



fi2.8 



_62L2. 



.69UB. 



fiO.a 78.5 



-aUfiu 



£1«8— 89*4. 



-8a»A. 



MmSl 



91 .i 



-S&ML>aXub«MU 



61>el 76. 8 



.£a«&. 



89.8 



.AB^ 



84.8 



-S8«4. 



9 <8 »7 i. 



-93J8L 



-92*^ 



-9a«& 



_9Z^ 



-98«2L 



.^Ul 



fflal 



.aftJL 



.SSU4 



SAO. 



2SSL&. 



4J0O.Z 



97.9 



lOB . p . 



4ioa 



TIII-B 



ItecB end Woi^ts for Index of lav llaterl&l Coat Prioes %/ 



JAN 



MARi 



FED 



APR 



MAY 



JUN 



JUL 



AUG 



SEP 



OCT 



NOV 



DEC 



thtad fl o nr , 



Wh«»t ^nny 



jingaz .—gxaEi l&tad 



iee^ 



J^ee^ 



-Latd» 



.firoii 



firnti 



lUn 



p e r b (iw?el 



piHT liBrrel 



par 






i^al* 



pafc-pojmd, Bfar Tort 



-par. 



ocan, ] iwr Tori & 



par p c Tin d, 1 k m T e r lc 



oien, (Ihloa^ 



[Jnnaap^Ha 



lBi«ht 



.ma 



^013 



:Zfl3- 



-^^^ 



aOSS. 



.182 



JAN 



FEB 



MAR 



APR 



MAY 



JUN 



JUL 



AUG 



5E 



OCT 



NOV 



DEC 



aj lai. oos;>08lte of six series taken froei Bnreaa of Labor Statistics, 

"fholesal* Prioes.* Itens and waists are shovn in TIII-B. 
^ feif^te are based xipon 1929 and 1931 Cena^ of Mairafaetnrea' iata oa 
ran ooateriak eona^Bsad in the claaeif ^cation 'Bread and Otiter Bafcery 



Pro^ icta.' 



DIVISION OF REVEW, NRA 
Indtiotry Statistics Unit, HHD:ct 10/15/35 



R-P 


-28 








-14- 






, «. .?P,^® ^0- 


445 




BAKTNG INDUSTKr 
Wholesale Prices of Haw Materials 








IX-nA. Vholeaale Prices of Wheat 
1926 1927 1928 1929 


Jlour, per barrel, 
1930 1951 1932 


Buffalo 
1935 


(dollars) ^ 
1934 1935 




JAN 


[10.040 


8,085 


7.363 


6.606 


6.769 


4.800 


4.750 


3.513 


6.969 


6-875 


FEB 


9.819 


8.150 


7.306 


6.788 


6.419 


4.800 


4.663 


3.525 


6 950 


6.825 


MAA 


9.600 


7.850 


7.480 


6.540 


6.505 


4.688 


4.606 


4.050 


6.880 


6.820 


APR 


9.265 


7.750 


8.275 


6.406 


6.525 


4.650 


4.660 


4 570 


6,565 


6.919 


MAY 


8.120 


8.131 


8.238 


5.956 


6.445 


4.610 


4.825 


5.187 


7.013 


5.913 


JUN 


9.206 


a. 563 


7.800 


6.190 


5.188 


4.581 


^.600 


B.244 


7-500 


6.690 


JUL 


8.250 


8.030 


7.525 


7.608 


5.858 


4.594 


4.595 


6,695 


7.081 


7.050 


AUG 


8.038 


7 313 


6.713 


7.735 


5.530 


4.430 


4.219 


6.900 


7.350 


7.770 


SEP 


7.700 


7.213 


7.050 


7.413 


5.530 


4.200 


4.115 


6.685 


7.410 




OCT 


8.190 


7.270 


6.838 


6.919 


5.013 


4 490 


5.705 


6.806 


7.206 




MOV 


8.150 


7-294 


6.494 


6.850 


4.700 


5.019 


5.587 


6.887 


7.013 




DEC 


7.950 


7.213 


6.700 


6.669 


4.794 


4.775 


5.595 


6.770 


6.965 




kTerage 


8.694 


7.722 


7.299 


6.807 


5.838 


4.636 


4.510 


5,569 


7.075 




IX-B Wholesale Prl< 


:• of Wheat Jlour, per barrel, Minneapolis (dollars) sJ 




JAN 


9.406 


7.463 


7.450 


6.340 


6.750 


4.963 


4.587 


3.795 


6.835 


7.315 


FEB 


9.144 


7.419 


7.369 


6.813 


6.387 


4.850 


4.615 


3.7.3 


6.831 


7.281 


MAR 


8.805 


7.325 


7.537 


6.669 


6.231 


4.665 


4.570 


4.031 


6.644 


7.163 


APR 


8.756 


7.250 


8.113 


6.405 


6.090 


4.713 


4.48 


4.5-7 


.344 


7 480 


MAY 


8.487 


7.830 


8.490 


6.119 


5.969 


4.850 


4.430 


4-860 


6.840 


7.219 


JUN 


8.680 


7.913 


7.950 


6.375 


5.825 


4.745 


4.156 


5.381 


7.050 


6.869 


JUL 


8.975 


7.813 


7.355 


7.690 


5 505 


4.125 


4.019 


7.550 


.10 


6.440 


AUG 


7.950 


7.600 


6.619 


7.306 


5.344 


4.206 


4 155 


.140 


7.4.6 


7.988 


SEP 


7.725 


7.069 


6.587 


7.169 


5.080 


4.240 


4 157 


.931 


7.500 




OCT 


7.944 


7. 231 


6.410 


6.905 


4.981 


4.281 


5.919 


6.750 


.315 




NOV 


7.740 


7.145 


6.225 


6.687 


4.694 


4.837 


5 720 


6.900 


7 25 




DEC 


7.631 


7.100 


6.131 


6.880 


4.885 


4.505 


5.757 


6.650 


725.. 




AxBXBSfll 


S.*?T 


7.430 


7.186 


6.7^0 


5.645 


4.582 


4., 94 


,,.687 


7 04 




IX-C Wholesale J 


Price of Sugar 


, granulated, per lb. 


, New! 


fork (cent a) a/ 




JAN 


5.10 


6.15 


5.67 


5.02 


5.10 


4.57 


4.09 


3.89 


4 a 


4.20 


FEB 


?5.19 


5.95 


5.56 


4.85 


4.91 


4-46 


4-07 


3.82 


4-35 


4-20 


MAff 


4.94 


5.82 


5.68 


4.80 


4.86 


4.34 


3.98 


4 07 


4 41 


4.30 


APR 


5.17 


5.83 


5,83 


4.80 


4.82 


4.39 


3.85 


4.19 


.' 56 


4.90 


MAY 


5.45 


6.^0 


5 86 


4.86 


4.75 


4-29 


3.68 


4.41 


4.14 


5.20 


JUN 


5.41 


6.04 


^ 3 


4.86 


4.53 


4.40 


3.7. 


4,48 


4. .45 


5.20 


JUL 


5.55 


5.88 


5.68 


5.15 


4.61 


4.61 


3 97 


4.. 56 


4 66 


5,10 


AUG 


5.54 


5.56 


5 46 


5.39 


4.40 


4 61 


4.11 


< 61 


4.70 


5 00 


SEP 


5.63 


5.81 


5 56 


5.32 


4.54 


4. 7 


4 17 


4.58 


4 70 




©CT 


5.72 


5.71 


5.17 


5.39 


4.45 


4-48 


4. J 2 


4.51 


4 60 




NOV 


5.78 


5.59 


5.05 


5.02 


4.66 


4.45 


4.-5 


4.43 


4.50 




pec 


fi-10 


5-55 


5-15 


4.99 


4.56 


4-19 


4.07 


4.31 


4.50 




^T»rMp| 


5.48 


5.82 


5.55 


5.05 


4.66 


4,4a 


4.00 


4.32 


4.40 




a/ Boreau of I«bor St 


atistiea 











DIVISION OF REVIEW, NRA 

IndUBtry Statistics Unit. 1L5'-^. 10-17-35 



R-P-28 








-16- 






Cade 


No. 445 


BAKING INDUilW 1 
Wholeael© Prices of Raw Materials 


^'^ Iholesale Price of Eggs, firsts, per dozen, New Toric 
1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 193 1932 1933 


(cents 
1934 


1935 




JAN 


38.31 


41 88 


44.9 5 


36.35 


42.03 


24,1 


1.63 


22.85 


22.20 


2:. 70 


FEB 


30.88 


il.94 


32.41 


41.0' 


35.13 


20.13 


1 .22 


13,81 


18.25 


30 00 


MAR 


28.83 


25.05 


28.59 


?2.69 


25.69 


21.85 


14 00 


13.63 


17.66 


21.40 


APR 


31.72 


<i4 56 


23.38 


27 8 


26.85 


20.13 


14 3 


13.41 


16 69 


24,00 


MAY 


30.56 


23.38 


29.68 


21.09 


23.31 


18.88 


14,65 


14.08 


16.38 


25 10 


JUN 


30.15 


23.15 


29.44 


30.59 


24,31 


.8.55 


4.13 


13.3.. 


16.25 


24.20 


JUL 


29.25 


24-75 


30 23 


32.40 


92.35 


20.13 


15.00 


15.28 


16.68 


24.40 


AUG 


^1.40 


28.10 


31.31 


34.47 


24.9 


2<i.25 


1 .35 


'.'» 20 


20.80 


25.90 


SEP 


37. 5 


34.25 


33.00 


36.25 


25.1.' 


2; 10 


20. : 3 


17.75 


22.10 




OC 


40.38 


39.50 


32,42 


39.45 


26.44 


24.13 


2b. 88 


20.10 


23.70 




MO 


49.90 


43.60 


36 63 


48.25 


31.00 


28.44 


30.83 


25.69 


27.50 




O'C 


48.00 


45.31 


36.56 


50.50 


28.70 


26.65 


31.38 


21.^0 


26.60 




AYSragfl 


155.55 


31.96 


32.92 


36.79 


27,81 


22.48 


li.31 


17,19 


20.30 




IX-E Wholesale Price of Eggs, firsts, per dozen, Chicago (cent?) a/ 




JAN 


35.69 


37.50 


43.38 


36.00 


40.06 


20.63 


17.75 


21.15 


19. 98 


27 40 


FEB 


28.81 


27.03 


28.9- 


'7.88 


33.86 


16.191 


14.40 


12 .3 


16.63 


27 2C 


MAR 


26.70 


23.97 


27.41 


29.34 


24.25 


19.30 


12.13 


12 13 


1^.41 


20 80 


APR 


28.63 


23.19 


27.35 


26.40 


24.:' 


17.25 


12.03 


12.1 


15. 


23 '^0 


MAY 


28.78 


21.98 


28.31 


29.53 


21. 4 


16.56 


12.45 


12.83 


15.06 


24.1:; 


JUN 


28.34 


a. 88 


28.00 


28.91 


21.78 


15.:^5 


12 50 


11 . "5 


14.75 


22.60 


JUL 


27.44 


23.19 


28.40 


30.80 


21.25 


17.81 


13.28 


13.60 


15.15 


22.90 


AUG 


29.20 


26.45 


30.44 


33,38 


24.64 


18.70 


: . .33 


13.16 


19.40 


24 o 


SEP 


35.94 


32.75 


32.13 


36 55 


26.30 


20.38 


.41 


16.22 


21.30 




OCT 


40.25 


36.90 


34.40 


41.63 


27 >. 75 


24.19 


:.3.30 


18.90 


23.20 




NOV 


48.00 


42.31 


41.38 


47.00 


33.13 


29 10 


30.25 


23.44 


26.90 




DEC 


44.31 


42 63 


38.70 


47. 55 


27.70 


24-50 


•9.31 


19*31 


26.90 




AYQWKfll 


92,48 


30.04 


.2.39 


35.41 


27.01 


20 ..:o 


-V.6V 


15.68 


19.40 




H-F Wholesale Price of Lard, per poun;, New >^oii: 


(cei.ts 


a/ 






JAN 


15.69 


12.91 


12.38 


12.14 


10.85 


9.03 


5.4b 


4.5? 


S.73 


15 60 


FEB 


15.21 


12.79 


11.58 


12.28 


11.16 


8,54 


5.18 


4.24 


6.55 


ii.SO 


MAR 


14.99 


12.95 


11.83 


12.53 


10.71 


>'.55 


5. .14 


4.75 


7,55 


14.40 


APR 


14.50 


12.79 


12.10 


12.24 


10.72 


9 04 


.-.73 


4.90 


7.11 


i;V.80 


MAY 


15.86 


12.89 


1:^33 


12.0. 


10.74 


8.15 


4.34 


6.60 


6. 59 


l/i.lQ 


JUN 


16.96 


13.05 


12.18 


3?. 26 


10.18 


8.28 


4.40 


6.60 


6.78 


4.70 


JUL 


16.46 


15.18 


12.52 


^ 52 


9.99 


8.15 


5.4S 


7.33 


7.17 


16.10 


AUG 


15.55 


12.77 


12.84 


12.40 


11.40 


7.48 


5.51 


5.98 


9.00 


16,80 


SEP 


14.95 


13.30 


13.15 


12.15 


11.86 


7.47 


5.43 


6.00 


10.20 




OCT 


14.21 


13.01 


12.38 


11.36 


1.90 


7.99 


4.83 


5.69 


10.10 




NOV 


12. 8^ 


12.54 


12.10 


10,90 


11.19 


7.10 


5 .iO 


5.89 


11.20 




DEC 


12.83 


12.03 


11.69 


10.82 


9.97 


6.00 


4.61 


5.11 






Averaxej 


15.01 


12.85 


12.27 


11.95 


10.87 


8.03 


5.05 


5.65 


8.35 




a/ Bureau of Labor Statistics 








DIVI 


Sior 


^4 OF ( 


^EVIEV 


V, NR 


A 















Industry Statistics Unit, ELG:rb, 10-17-35 



-IS- 



ZABUC X 



1919 
1921 

1923 
1925 
1927 
1929 
1931 
1933 



BAEIBO OTDUSZHT 

Batatlislment*. Wage Jaraers, Wages, Cost of Materials, Valua of Products, 

Value Md«d, and Horsepower, toy Census Tears, I914 to I933 



Stmtoer of 
Tear Xatabllsbments 



Wage Zazikers 
(ATerage for Year) 



Wages 
(Thousands of Dollars) 



Cost of Materials^ 
(IhoTisaads of Dollars) 



Value of Products 
(Thousands of Dollars) 



Value Jldded toy 
Manufacture 
(Thousandg of Dollars) 



25.797 
2U,< 



Horsepower 
(In Thousands) 



2^,919 
20,024 

18,572 
17.'J90 
17.909 
20.U10 
17.^64 
iH.iiai 



99.016 
107.251 
117,026 
12,' 1*96 

12g,03»* 
139- 013 
166.970 
15»*.76H 
155^229 



66,072 
132,171 
169.829 

183.221 

187,660 

202,197 

2»40,35U 

212,^53 
17'*, 1*23 



230, 581+ 

610,105 
515.568 

»t85,i69 
560,748 
585.304 
629,999 

436.531 
370.992 



402,1409 

947.876 

902,463 

911,118 

1.023, 66g 

1.145,710 

1,251,621 

979.904 

770.332 



171.825 

337.771 
386,8^5 

425.949 
462,920 
560,407 
6a, 622 

543.373 
399. 3'« 



85 

158 

23* 
29? 



Source] 



^ 



C«ffM Of MMTtfKttffla . m Vol II. p. 52, and Belease for 1933. P- »♦• Data are for sub-classification "Bakery Products Other Than Biscuit and Cr«Aers« 
of Census classlfxcation, "Bread and Other Bakery Products- They do not Include establisHaents with annual production Talued at less thir55,OO0 iTl^l 

-' Include establiehmente with annual production Talued at less than I5OO. 



and sutosequent Census years; for prior Census years data do not 



Includes cost of aaterlals, containers, fuel, and purchased 
H«t aTallable. 



electric energy. 



Prepared toy 

Industry Statietics Unit, 
Statistics Section, 
DlTision of Berlew, ML.. 
Octotoer 14, 1935 



-17- 



TABIiE XI-A 



State 



U. S TOtRjL 



BAKIWG INDuSiHY 
Ssbab isinnents Vage Saruers, rifages, Cost of Materials, Yaliu; of Products, 
and Value Added by Uanufacture, by States, 1923 



Eetablisiimeiita 

Per Gent 
Number of T tal 



Wage Earners 



Humber 



Pel Cent 
of To al 



fttfjes 



Thousanaa 
of Dollars 



Per Ceni 
of Total 



Cost of MatTlalsS/ 



Tiiousauds 
01 Iloliaxs 



Per i^eni 
of L'otal 



Vedue of Productq 
Per Cent 
of Total 



Thousands 
of Dollar B 



VsUuB Added by 
Aianutacture 



18,5/i: 100.0 



12/,4yb lUO.O 



183.221 



100.0 



485, lb9 



100.0 



911,118 



100.0 



California 


1,10b 


fa.O 


Illinois 


1.7b7 


9.5 


Indiana 


518 


2.8 


Iowa 


42b 


2.3 


(Maryland 


2b5 


1.4 


Massachusetts 


1.089 


5.9 


Michigan 


597 


3.2 


Minnesota 


295 


l.b 


Missouri 


b3b 


3.»* 


New Jersey 


1,027 


5.5 


New York 


3,10b 


lb. 7 


Ohio 


1.102 


5.9 


Pennsylvania 


2.008 


10.8 


Wisconsin 


555 


3 


Other States^ 


4,075^ 


22.0 


Source: Census 


of Uanufactur 


es, 1921 



fa. 835 


5.4 


10,467 


8.2 


3.5^2 


2 8 


2.058 


l.b 


2,444 


1.9 


7.178 


5.b 


5.133 


4.0 


2.bl8 


2.1 


3.877 


3.1 


fa.417 


5.0 


21.152 


Ib.b 


9.1/0 


7.2 


lb, 872 


13.2 


2.564 


2.0 



11.275 


b.2 


lb. 790 


9.2 


4,470 


2.4 


2.553 


1.4 


3.15b 


1.7 


10.201 


5.0 


7.891 


^.3 


3.1/3 


1.7 


5.577 


3.1 


10,0b2 


5.5 


35.035 


19.1 


12,482 


6.8 


22,977 


12.5 


3.503 


1.9 



29.248 


6.0 


41.947 


8.7 


13.2.;3 


2.7 


7.884 


l.b 


9.080 


1.9 


2/, 453 


5.7 


20,084 


4.1 


7.914 


l.b 


14.U87 


2.9 


24,309 


5.0 


8b.8b8 


17.9 


33.999 


7.0 


bl,040 


12.b 


8.995 


1.9 



54,185 


5.9 


80,93b 


8.9 


23.553 


2.b 


14.321 


l.b 


17.448 


1.9 


52.349 


5.7 


3b. /47 


4.0 


15.5/b 


1.7 


27.138 


3.0 


46.247 


5.1 


ib9.319 


18.6 


63.125 


6.9 


113.535 


12.5 


17.085 


1.9 



27.169 21.3 



34.07b 



18.b 



99.038 



20.4 



179.554 



19.7 



Thousands 
of Dollars 



Per Cent 
of Total 



425.it49 



100.0 



24,937 


5.8 


38,989 


9.2 


10.330 


2.4 


b.437 


1.5 


8.3b9 


2.0 


24,897 


5.8 


lb.bb3 


3.9 


7.bb2 


1.8 


13.051 


3.1 


21.938 


5.2 


82,451 


19.4 


29.12b 


b.S 


52,495 


12.3 


8,090 


1.9 



80,514 



I8.9 



. 44 £uid 45. Data axe for sub-classif ication "Bakery Products, Other Than Biscuit and CracJcers, 
"Bread and Other Bakery Products." They do not include establisliinenta with annual production valued at less tnan $5,uuu. 



of Census classification. 



a/ 



Inciuaes cost of materials, containers, fuel, and purchased electric energy. 

Alabama, 77; Arizona, 48; Arlcansas, 7b: Colorado, 1^2; Delaware, 34; District of Columoia, 82; Florida, 118; Oeorgla, 89; Idaho, 5I; Kansas, 244; Kentucky, 143; 
Louisiana, 19b; Mississippi, 5u; Montana, 101; Nevada, 14; New Hampshire, 107; New Mexico, 35; Horth Carolina, 5b; Horth Dakota. 43; Oregon, Ibb; Rhode Island, I5I; 
South Carolina, 40; South Dakota, 74; Tennessee, 9b; Veroiont, 54; West Virginia, liu; Wyoming, 48; includes also the following states for which number of 
establishments was reported in pairs: Connecticut and Virginia, 435; Maine and Oklahoma, 270; Nebrastoa and Tejas, 612; Utah and Washington, 303« 

Prepared by 

Industry Statistics Unit, 
Statistics Section, 
Division of Review, Im'HA. 
October 22. I935 



-18> 



T^LS XI-B 

B^INO INXiaSTBT 
iBtabllBlmeiitB, 7a£e Samere. Wages. Cost of llaterlals, 7alu« oi Prodocts, 
and Value Added %y lianaf acture . by States. I927 



2IB&&. 



0. 3. Total 

California 

niinolt 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Maryland 

UaBsaebasett* 
UicMgaa 
Ulnnesota 
UissoTuri 
Ne« Jersey 

Hew Toifc 

Ohio 

Pannsyl'Tania 

fashlngton 

Wisconsin 



Other State 



J5/ 



Betablishments 
Per Cent 
Htmber of Total 



17,909 100.0 



1.068 

389 
297 

1.03>* 
517 

298 
691 

931 

2,»»69 
1.098 
1.882 

369 

709 

3.D66/ 



6.0 
11.0 

2.5 

2.2 
1-7 

5.8 
2.9 

1.7 
3.9 
5.2 

13.7 

6.1 
10.5 

2.1 

k.O 

20.7 



Waiie TtftrPftri? 
Per Cent 
number of Total 



139.013 100.0 



8.1»t3 
12.119 
3.311 
2,232 
2,937 

6.8ltO 
5.279 
2,1^93 
»t.i93 
6,305 

20, Un 
9.63U 

19,265 
l.97»» 
3.3»« 



5.9 
8.7 
z.k 
1.6 
2.1 

»».9 
3.8 
1.8 

J:? 

lk.8 
6.9 

13.9 
l.k 
2.4 



WWWB 



Thousands 
of Dollars 



Per Cent 
of Total 



Cost of Mat»rli>l«S/ 
Thousands Per Cent 
of Dollars of Total 



30.533 21.9 



202,197 
13.572 

'2:52 

2.763 
3.809 

9.517 

7.428 

2.951 
5.888 

10.673 

34,748 

12,829 

27.017 

3.148 

4.998 

38.957 



100.0 

6.7 

9.8 

2.2 
1.4 
1.9 

4.7 
3.7 
1-5 
2.9 
5.3 

17.1 
L^ 

13.4 
1.6 
2.3 

19.2 



585.304 



100.0 



34, 5«^ 


5.9 


54.066 


9.3 


".:?S 


2.5 
1.5 


11.128 


1.9 


32.394 
25.479 


U 


9.042 


1.5 


18.390 


3.2 


28.769 


4.9 


96.729 
42,172 


16.6 


7.2 


70.642 


12.2 


8.182 


1.4 


12.378 


2.1 



Value of Products 
Thousands Per Cent 
of Dollar. of Total 



1.145.710 lOO.O 



67.264 


5.9 


104.965 


9.2 


26.899 


2.3 


16.786 
21.613 


1.5 


1.9 


61.269 


5.3 
4.0 
1.6 


45.502 

18.401 


37.242 


3.3 


58.618 


5.1 


197.687 


17.3 

J:2 


79.019 


141.768 


15.550 


1.4 


24.351 


2.1 



118.000 



19.9 



228.776 



Value Added by 

Hnnifff tcture 
Thousands Per Cent 
of Cellars of Total 



560.407 100.0 



3?.6eo 


5.8 


».90p 


9.1 


12.314 


2.2 


8.023 


1.4 


10.485 


1.9 


28.874 


5.2 


20.023 


3.6 


9.399 


^•7 


18,851 
29.8% 


3.4 
5.3 


T& 


18.1 
6.6 


71.127 


12.8 


7.368 


1.3 


11.973 


2.1 



19.8 



110.775 



19.5 



Source: Censna of Manufactures, iqgq . Vol. II p. 57. Data are for sub- classification, "Bakery Products, Other Than Biscuits and Craekera,* of Census olassifleatlon, 
"Bread and Other Bakery Products." They do not include establishments with annual production valued at less than $5,000. 

2/ Includes cost of materials, containers, fuel, and purchased electric energy. 

b/ Alabama. 74; Arlsona. 47; Arkansas, 79; Colorado, I69; Connecticut, 289; Delawture, 32; District of Columbia, 66; Tlerida, 169; Georgia, 87; Idaho. 48; Kansas, 2l6; 
Kentucky. 15I: Louisiana, I7I; Maine. 125; Ulsslsslppi. 66; Uontana, 85; Hebraskxi, 133; Nevada, 11; Hew Haiqpshlre, 75; Hew Uezlco, 32; Horth Carolina, 6l{ 
North Dakota, 40; Oklahoma, 179; Oregon. 156; Blwde Island, 133; South Carolina, 35; South Dakota, 75; Tennessee, 82; Texas, 463; VXab, 4l; Veznont. 44; 
Virginia, 88; West Virginia, 117: Wyoming, 37. 

Prepared by 

Industry Statistics Unit, 
Statistics Section, 
Division of Beview, HBA 
October 23, 1935 



-10- 



liSUt XI-G 

BAEISG IBDOSTRT 
EstabllDbmenta, Wage Eamere, Ifages, Cost of Materlala, Talus of Froducts, 
and 7altie Added by Uaiiofactnre. by States. I929 



8tat. 



tJ. S. Total 

California 

nilnolB 

Indiana 

lova 

Maryland 

tiaaeaefaaeettB 
Uiehlgan 
Ulnae eota 
M}.8B0url 
He* JerMy 

lew Toxk 

Ohio 

P^nnaylvaaia 

Washington 

Wisconsin 

Other States^ 



Satabllshnents 

Per Cent 

Htaber of Total 



Wage Earners 



Hwiber 



Per Cent 
of Total 



20,410 100.0 



1.332 
2.187 

488 

396 

282 

1.067 
724 
428 

^U 
969 

3.172 
1,292 
1.83^ 

35»» 
705 

4.483^ 



6.5 

10.7 

2.4 

n 

2.1 

15.6 

6.3 
9.0 

1.7 

3.5 

22.0 



166,970 100.0 



9.898 

13.926 
4.265 
2.658 

2,764 

8,544 
7,886 
3.181 
5.150 
7.09»» 

25.16? 

ll.7y^ 

19.972 

2.119 

3.975 



5.9 
8.3 
2.6 
1.6 
1.7 

1.9 

15.1 
7.0 

12.0 
1. 

2 



:l 



Jseas- 



Thousands 
of Dollars 



240.35^^ 

15,624 

22,529 

5.550 

3.140 

3.777 




38,635 23.1 



43,004 

16,512 

27.583 

3.324 

5.472 

47,292 



Per Cent 
of Total 



100.0 
6.S 

9.4 
2.3 
1.3 

1.6 

5.0 
5.0 

1.5 

17.9 
6.9 

2.3 

19.5 



Cost of Materlalsfl/ 
Thousands Per Cent 
9^ P9;iar> oi Total" 



629.999 



100.0 



39.222 

54.762 


6.2 


8.8 


15.»*13 


2.4 


9.500 


1.5 


10.577 


1.7 


34,4it4 


5.5 


32.164 


5.1 


10.234 


1.6 


19.016 


« 


27.925 


107.930 


17.2 


44,692 


7.1 


70,804 


11.2 


8.493 


1.3 


13.822 


2.2 



Talw of Prodocts 
Thousands Per Cent 
of Dollars of Total 



Value Addei by 

Hanufacture 
Thousands Per Cent 
of Dollars of Total 



1,251,6a 100.0 



131.001 



20.7 



76.269 

108,780 
29.460 
18,220 
20,487 


6.1 
8.6 
2.4 

1.5 
1.6 


67,226 
62,420 
20.395 
39.796 
56.402 


5.U 


a9,960 
86,^1 

142,420 
16.996 
27.433 


"i:J 

2.2 


258.796 


20.8 



621,622 

37.04g 

54. 018 

14.047 

8,720 

9.910 

32.781 
30,257 
10.161 
20.780 
28,477 

112.030 

41.869 

71.616 

8,502 

13.610 

127 796 



loo.e 

6.0 
8.7 

\i 

f:l 

U 

18.0 
6.7 

2.2 
20.5 



Source: Census of tfrfry^fty^ti nreg. iqgQ . Vol. II, pp. 56 and 57. Data are for suh-classif ioatlon, "Balcery Products. Other Than Biscuits and Crackers" of Census 
cla-slf Icatlon, "Bread and Other Balcery Prqdncts.* They do not include establlstanents with annual production ralusd at less than $5,000. 

^ Includes cost of materials, containers, fuel, and purchased electric energy. 

S/ ilahania, 83; Arlsona, 55; Arkansas, 93. Connecticut, 352; Colorado. 177; Delaware, 34; District of Columbia. 99; florlda, 187; Georgia. 103; Idaho, 56; 

Kansas, 281; Kentucky. 168; Louisiana. 201; Maine, 132; Mississippi. 68; Montana. 82; Nebraska, 213; Herada. l4; New Heunpshlro, 88; Hew Mexico. 34; 

North Carolina, 83- N. rth Dakota, 55; Oklahoma, 207; Oregon 213; Bhode Island, 154; South Carolina, 46; South Dakota. 138; Tennessee. 124; Texas, 579; 

Utah, 47; Vermont, 42; Virginia. 114; West Virginia. 124; Wyoming, 37. 



Prepared by 

Industry Statistics Unit, 
Statistics Section, 
Division of BsTlew, NBA. 
October 23, 1935 



-so- 



f iBd tl-D 



BJUrtBO nDOBTRT 
^tabllBline&te, 9a^ Xamera, Wa^es, Cost of Material*, Talua of PredoctB, 
and TaluB Added \>y Uanof aetux* , by States, I93I 



tlfttf 



getatllfltnente 
Per Cent 
Woater Of Total 



Wftw Bwraern 

Per Cent 
Bomber of Total 



JbSfiL. 



Thoosanda Per Cent 
of Dollare of Total 



Coat of Material! 



Ttacusanda 
of Dollare 



Per Cent 
of Total 



Yal»« of ProdBflta 
TboiuandB Per Cent 
of Dollars of Total 



Tal«e Idded tj 



TboTuands 
of Dollars 



Per Cent 
of Total 



V. 8. Total 

California 
Illinois 
Indiana 
I ova 
Maryland 

MasBae hu aetts 
Mlelil^an 
Minnesota 
MisBOurl 
Bev Jersey 

Bev Tex4c 

OUO 

Pennsylvania 

VasMni^ea 

Vlseeasin 



17,361+ 100.0 



1.091 

1.850 

373 

293 

258 

1.109 

366 
557 
790 

3.001 

1.053 

1.9*6 

292 

560 



6.3 
10.8 

2.1 
1.7 

1.5 

6A 

3 7 
2.1 
3.2 

>*.5 

17.»* 
6.1 
8.9 
1.7 
3.2 



Other States^ 3,579^ 20. U 



1^,76^ lOO.G 



9.»*9l 


6.1. 


12.U50 


8.0 


3 530 


2.3 


2.378 


1.5 


3.175 


2.1 


8.6»*5 


5.6 


6.93»t 


"♦.s 


2.758 


1.8 


k.3k€> 


li 


6.533 


2^ 759 


16.0 


10.507 


6.8 


18.827 


12.1 


2.006 


1.3 


3.2»»5 


2.1 



212.353 



100.0 



l»*.35l 


6.8 


19. 07'* 


9.0 


•♦.5^ 


2.1 


2.759 


1.3 




1.9 


11,422 


5.H 


9.318 


k.k 


3.1»*2 


1.5 


7.066 


5:? 


10.015 


Ho. 230 


I8.9 


13.510 

2*. 873 

3 Iff* 


6.H 


11.7 


1.5 


2.0 



^♦36.531 100.0 



28.581 


6.5 


37.007 


8.5 


9.250 


2.1 


6,128 


1.4 


8.1>*7 


1.9 


26,335 


6.0 


20.617 


4.7 


7.598 


1.7 


12.177 


2.8 


20.119 


4.6 


80.333 


18. 5 


28.58»i 


u'.5 

1.3 


»^9.637 
5.8»K) 


8,829 


2.0 



979.904 100.0 



34.580 22.4 



40.654 



19.1 



87.289 



20.1 



65.249 
81,480 
20,008 
13.225 
17 872 

57.263 
42 978 
16.611 
28.974 
47.499 

189.973 

62.748 
110.616 

13.215 
19.687 

192.508 



6.7 
8.3 

2.0 

1.3 
1.8 

5:1 

1.7 
19.4 

6.4 

'li 

2.0 
19.7 



543.373 100.0 



36.668 
44.474 


6.7 
8«2 


10.759 


2.0 


7.038 


1.3 


9.724^ 


1.8 


30.928 


5.7 


22.360 


4.1 


9.013 


1.7 


16.797 


3.1 


27.380 


5.0 


.09.640 
^.163 


20.2 


6,3 


60.979 


U.2 


7.373 


1.4 


10.858 


2.0 



105. a9 



19.3 



Soturce: 



s; 



.Census of MantifaetTireB. VJ'M. p. 52. Data are for s\ji)-classtf icatlon "Bakery Products, Other Than BlBC-olts and Craotera, 
and Other Ba^ry Products.* They do not Include establlslnentB with annual pro&ootlon valued at lese than $5,000. 



of Census claBslfioation, "Bread 



laelvdes cost of ■aterlals, eentalners. fosl. and pnrohased eleotrle energy. 

ilataaui, b5; Iriteaa. 42; Azteaeas. 67; Colorado I5I. Connsetl6at„ 3l§{ Delaware, 29; District of Oolvmbla, 80; nerlda. 129; Seorgia. ^t Idate, 46; Kanaas. 2M 
Eontxuky, 123. LoQlslana. 169; Maine. 100; Mississippi, 59; Montana. 74; Behraakat. 158; lieTada. 12; Be* Haispshirs, 73: >•* Mezleo. 32; Berth Carollu. 73{ 
Borth Dakota. 47; QkUhoiaa, 159; Oregon. 144; Bhode Island, 143; Stfath Carolina. 38; Soath Dakota, 98; Tennessee. 88; Texas. 456; Vtah. 43; Tenseat, 41; 
Tlrglaia. 102; Test Tlrginla, 98; tyo»lng, 33. 

Prepared by 

ladostry Statlstles Unit, 
Stat 1st ios Section. 
DlTlsloa of BsTlev, BBl. 
Oatoher l4. 1935 



-21- 



XABU XII 

BiSIHO IBDUSTBT 
Setabllstamentfl, Tage Xarners, fagee. Cost of Materials, and Valxis of ProduBtt, 
ClaBsif led ty Site of City, 1933 







BotablltbDienta 

Per Cent 




rnera 


Was;eB 


Coq^ of l^terials" 


Thousands 


^po^nata 


Population 


Per Cent 


Thousands 


Per Cent 




Per Cent 


Per Cent 


of City 




Huaber 


at Total 


Humbep 


of Total 


of Dollars 


of Total 


of Dollars 


of Total 




of Total 


Total 




lkM3 


100.0 


155.229 


100.0 


17**.'*23 


100.0 


370.992 


100.0 


770.332 


100.0 


Lot* than 


2.500 


1.253 


8.7 


5.263 


3.»t 


»t.696 


2.7 


12.109 


3.3 


22,8«3 


3.0 


2.500- 


"^.g^s 


g07 


1:1 


3.965 


2.6 


3. 508 


2.0 


9.35? 


li 


17.181 


2.2 


5.000 - 


9.999 


962 


5.651 


5-^ 


5.232 


3.0 


13.186 


24,90« 


3.2 


10,000 - 


2»*.999 


1.538 


10.6 


13.067 

».937 


8.k 


12.353 


7.1 


30.385 


8.2 


59.716 


7.8 


25.000- 


99.999 


2.304 


15.9 


16.1 


26,255 


15.1 


57.588 


15.5 


120.715 


15.7 


100,000 - : 


»»99.999 


2.775 


19.2 


»*3.032 


27.7 


'*7.577 


27.3 


99.203 


26.7 


211.493 


27.5 


900.000 and 0T«r 


k.m 


33.5 


59.31»* 


38.2 


^,S02 


42.8 


149,162 


40.2 


313.436 


40.6 



Sonroei Bureaxi of the Oensos, Special Taholation for HBA on Xstablislments Classified by Sise of City. Data are for soh-elassifieation 'Saksry Products Other 
Than Biscuits and Crackers* of Census classification "Bread and Other Balcery Products.' They do not include establishments with annual production 
valued at less than $5,000. 

§/ Includes cost of materials, containers, fuel, and purchased electric energy. 



Prepared by 

Industry Statistics Ihiit, 
Statistics Section. 
Division of Beview. HBA 
October 24. I935 



-22- 



TABLE XIII 



BAKING IlIDUSTRY 
Value of Products, ty Kind of Product, 1929, 1931 

and 1933 



Value of Products 
Kind of (Thousands of Dollars) 
Product 1929 1931 1933 

Total 1,120,125 868,535 703,928 

Bread, Rolls, auid 

Coffee Calce 760,809 592,187 527,571 

Soft Cake 267,795 197,721 110,564 

Pies 74,891 55,137 37,075 

Pasteries and 

Cream Puffs a/ 15,894 13,804 

All Other Products 16,630 7,596 6,914 



Source: Census of Manufactures, 1929 . Vol. II, p. 57, 1931, p. 55, and 
1933 release: "Bread and Other Bakery Products," p. 5, The 
data represent value of products reported in detail hy manu- 
facturers of hakery products other than "biscuit and crackers. 
In 1929, those reporting products in detail were responsible 
for 89.5 per cent of the total value of product reported for 
this branch of the industry; in 1931 for 88,6 per cent; in 
1933 for 91.4 per cent, 

a/ Hot reported. 



Prepared hy 

Industry Statistics Unit, 
Statistics Section, 
Division of Reviev;, ITRA. 
Octoher 28, 1935. 



8927 



I 



-23- 



TABis xn 



BAEIHG I1QXJS7BI 
Xatabllsbnentt, Wage Bamsrs, fa£«B, Taliie of Frodoeti, and Talue Added, 
Classified by Hximber of Wage Samere per Zstabllfihaent, 1933 



loBber of Wage 
lamera per 
IfatabllilMant 



ToUl 

Hone 
1- 5 

6-20 
21-50 
51 and oyer 



Per Cent 
»mi>9x 9f y?^ 



££1. 



B^^r 



Per Cent 
of lotal 



453 

9.325 

3.239 

870 

596 



100.0 



d'.k 


2>*.859 


22. k 


31.680 


6.0 


27.8U7 


U.1 


70,8»*3 



155.229 100.0 



16.0 

20.4 
17.9 
45.7 



Thousands 



TftWi 



174.423 
1 

25.170 

32.763 
30,277 

86,212 



Per Cent 

of T9tal 



100.0 



18.8 

17.4 
49.4 



TalTM of Product^ 
Thousands Per Cent 
of Dollars of Total 



770.332 



100.0 



2.899 


.4 


123.395 


16.0 


l4l,l49 


18. 3 


139.309 


18.1 


363. 580 


47.2 



Talue Added by 

HfflHU^MlTgll 

Thousands Per Cent 
of Dollars of Tota^ 



399.340 



100.0 



1.205 


.3 


frZ 


14.1 
17.0 


71.330 


17.9 


208.528 


50.7 



Source: Bureau of the Census, Special Tabulation for IRA on Sise of Setabllsfaoents. Data are for sub-classification 'Balcery Products, Other Than Blseoits and 
Craelcers,* of Census clasBtfication, *Bread and Other Bakery Products.* They do not Include establishments with ananal production veluad at less than 
$5,000. 

a/ Lass than .1 per cent. 



Prepared by 

Industry Statistics Unit, 
Statistics Section, 
Dirisioa of BeTiew, BBA 
October 24. I935 



-24- 



IvabtiT of Wage lamers 
per 3rt»blltlBwnt ty 
Population of Cltie» 



All XatabliBlnent*: Total 
Cltlea !•■• tkaa 10,000 

Total 

fa£« Xansrs 

1 - 5 • ■ 

6 - 20 • " 

Clrep 20 ■ ■ 

Oitlee 10,000-99.999 





1-5 ■ 

6 -i<0 " 

Orer 20 * 



Tot&L 
Wage Samera 



Cities 100,000 - li99.999 

Total 

Wage lamers 

1 - 5 • • 

6 -20 ■ ■ 

Orer 20 ■ ■ 

Cities 500,000 and orar 

Total 

face Xamers 

1 - 5 ■ • 
6 -*> " » 
Orer 20 ■ • 



liBU XT 

BiEIHO ISiDSTIl? 
Sstabllslmente, Va^e S&rners, ffa«e«, Cost of Materials, and Taliie of ?rod»fita, 
Sl&self led by Himber of ffa«e Earners, and by Slse of City. 1933 



Betabli-^fnt8 
Per Cent 
Haiber of Total 



14.1^83 100.0 



3.022 
«9 


^:1 


2,226 

% 


.5 


91 
2,l4l 

1.127 
Ug3 


26.S 

iu!« 

7.8 
3.3 


1.558 
680 


19.2 
.k 

10.8 
»».7 
3.3 


ZLO 

3.»too 

801 

1*33 


33.4 
1.4 

23.5 
5-5 
3.0 



„■ fa« Banierg 

Per Cent 
Hoaber of Total 



Jbcfifl- 



155.229 lOO.G 



14,879 9.6 



5.986 
5.761 
3.132 



6,262 

11.397 
20,344 



4.187 

6.694 

32.151 



8.425 

7.828 

43.062 



3.9 
3.7 
2.0 



38.003 24.5 



4.0 

7.4 

13.1 



43.032 27.7 



2.7 

4.3 

20.7 



59.315 38.2 



5.4 

5.0 

27.8 



Thonsands 
of Dollars 



Pep Cent 
of Total 



174,423 



13.436 

5.081 
5.100 
3.255 



38.606 

6,033 
U,010 
21.565 



47.577 



74,802 



100.0 



7.7 

2.9 
2.9 
1.9 



22.1 



6. 
12 



:{ 



27.3 



4,143 


2.4 


6.843 


3.9 


36.591 


21.0 



42.9 



9.914 


U 


9.808 


55.080 


31.6 



Cost of feterlA}, 



Thousands 
of Dollars 



370.992 



34.655 



655 
349 



15.211 

12,214 

6,881 



87.972 

383 

15.877 

25.442 

46.270 



99.20? 
244 
10.867 
15.572 
72,520 



149.162 

714 

25.010 

20.077 

103.361 



Per Cent 
of Total 



100.0 



9.4 

.1 

4.1 
3.3 
1.9 



12.5 



26.7 
.1 

2.9 

4.2 

19.5 



4o.2 
.2 

6.7 

5.4 

27.9 



yalne of Pr-nrti^yta 

Vbousaads Per Cent 
of Dollars of Totji^ 



770.332 



64,972 
551 

26.737 
22.923 
14.761 



I8O.430 

624 

29.622 

49.152 
101,032 



ai,494 

443 

20,094 

30,137 
160, 820 



313.436 

1,281 

46,941 

38.938 

226,276 



100.0 



8.4 

i/ 

3.5 
3.0 
1.9 



23.4 

n 

13.1 



27.5 

.1 

2.6 

3.9 

20.9 



4o.7 

.1 

6.1 

29.4 



Source: Biureau of the Census, Special Tabulation for SBA on Establisbments Classified by Number of Wage Samers and Slse of City. Data are for siib- classification 
*Ba]cery Products Other Than Biscuits and Cradcers* of Census classification "Bread and Other Balcery Products." They do not Include establlsbDents with 
annval prodoetlon Talusd at less than $5,000. 



§/ Includes cost of materials, contalnere, fuel, and purchased electric energy. 
b/ Less than .1 per cent. 

Prepared by. 

Industry Statistics Unit, 

Statistics Section, Division of Bevlev, NSA / 

October 24, 1935 



-25- 



TABLE XVI 



BAI<:iNa lOTUSTRY 

Materials Purchased: Q;aantity and Value, 

"by Kinds, 1929 and 1931 

(Thousands) 



■Kind of Material 




Unit 


1929 


1931 


White ITheat Plour 










Quantity 




Barrels 


38,595 


34,545 


Value 




Dollars 


248 J 625 


145,048 


Graham and IThole Wheat 


Flour 








Quantity 




Barrels 


1,399 


1,455 


Value 




Dollars 


9,269 


6,283 


Sugar 










Q;uantity 




Pounds 


977,102 


834,788 


Value 




Dollars 


52,701 


39,511 


Milk a/ 










VaJ-ue 




Dollars 


26,735 


17,557 


Butter 'bj 










Qiiantity 




Pounds 


50,057 


48,435 


Value 




Dollars 


16,005 


10,382 


Lard 










Quantity 




Pounds 


253,383 


219,763 


Value 




Dollars 


30,947 


19,459 


Other Shortening 










Quantity 




Pounds 


259,351 


241,403 


Value 




Dollars 


32,315 


22,137 


Yeast 










Quantity 




Pounds 


108,305 


105,302 


Value 




Dollars 


20,104 


18,094 


Sggs 










Value 




Dollars 


42,770 


26,093 


Source: Census of iianufactures, 


1929, Vol. II, 


pp. 59 and 60, 


and Census of 


I.Ianuf ac ture s , 


1931, p. 


58. Data represent materials 


used by estab- 



lishrnents responsible for 90,8 per cent of the total value of product 

of the entire BaMng Industry in 1929, and for those responsible for 

85,3 per cent of the total in 1931. Materials include those used by 
malcers of biscuit and crackers, 

a/ Fluid, condensed and evaporated, and powdered milk included, 
b/ And butter substitutes. 

Prepared by 

Industry Statistics Unit, 
Statistics Section, 
Division of E.eviev7, iIHA, 
October 30, 1935, 



8927 



I 



-26- 



TABLE XVII 



BAKING INDUSTRY 
Principal Materials: Per Cent of Total Production 
Consimed by the Industry, "by Xind, 1929. 



Principal 

Materials 



Total Consujap- 
Total tion by the 
Productions/ Industry b/ 



Per Cent of Total 
Production Consumed 
by the Industry 



White Plour 
(thousands of barrels) 113,034 

Sugar 
(millions of pounds) 12,422 c/ 

Lard 
(millions of pounds) 2,041 



38,595 



977 



253 



34,1 



7.9 



12.4 



Source: U. S. Census of I.ianufactures, 1929 , Vol, II, p. 59, ''Bread and Other 
Balcery Products," p. 137, "Flour and Other Grain-Mill Products," 
p. 176, "Meat Packing," p. 207, "Beet Sugar," p. 211, "Cane Sugar," 
p« 213, "Cane Sugar Refining." 

a/ Total produced in the United States, as reported by the Census. 

(see sources above), 
b/ Consumption reported by those responsible for 90.8 per cent of value 

of all balcery products (including biscuit and crackers). 
cj Calculated as follous: 

2,136 million pounds, 

55 million pounds, 

9,590 million pounds, 

641 million pounds. 



Beet Sugar, granulated - 

Cane Sugar, granulated — 

Cane Sugar, refined, hard - 

Cane Sugar, refined, brown - 



Total 12,422 million pounds. 



Prepared by 

Industry Statistics Unit, 
Statistics Section, 
Division of Review, NBA, 
October 30, 1935, 



8927 



-37- 



SABSj xnii 



BAda dtdubsb; 

Slatrllratica vf HuafaotvuMrB 8id«s, tg 'Sr?9 of Outlet, 1929 



SSS. 



Bls« 9t OatUt 



Tttla» of Sftlac 
Tk»ua«ad0 Per Cant 
of Sollare of Total 



Per Cent 
longer »f ?oial 



Percentage of 
Es a lishmentB 
Selling ExoloslTely 
to Speoifled QqtletD 



Vetal nstnvtited Balee l,18i,9f0 100^0 16 016 100.0 

|eO«,000 and OT.r 470,046 100.0 419 2.6 

tlOOyOOe - ^00,000 S14,129 100.0 1,61 9.4 

M,900 - 100,000 1SS,009 ;00 1,94 IS.S 

!•«■ tltes M,000 £S9,00r 100 9 1. .136 76.8 

SiAcc to Vhtelesolers 67,891 7*4 1 406 8.8 

|eoe,Oe« tmA erer 28,667 6*1 68 4 

la.00.000 - 1600,000 82,176 10.2 216 1.4 

60,000 - 100,000 12,159 9.1 247 1 > 

!••■ than 50,000 14,891 6.6 884 6«e 



66.4 
1.6 
6.8 
6 2 

61.8 

2.6 
•1 
•6 
.4 

■.-6 



Salee te Mftaofaotazero 

Om Vholeeale Branohe* 

^600,000 aai OTer 

1100,000 - ^00,000 

60,000 • 100,000 

less than 50,000 

Sales to Retallero 
^500,000 aad erer 
1100,000 - ^00,000 
60,000 - 100,000 

~ lees than 50,000 

Sales to Masnfaetaxers 

Ova Retail Branches 

$600,000 and ever 

flOO,000 - $600,000 

60,000 » 100.000 

less than 60,000 

Sales to ladastrlal oad 

Other Large Oonsaoers 

$600,000 and over 

$100,008 - #500,000 

60,000 - 100,000 

less than 50,000 



28,262 

20,091 

4,567 

1,028 

2,776 

605,529 

295,098 

190,252 

54,760 

66,249 

132,064 
61,740 
54,717 
12,425 
23,184 

56,881 

15,108 

9,281 

5,694 

6,798 



2.4 

4.5 

1.4 

.6 

1.0 



11.1 

13«1 

).1.0 

9 5 

8.6 



5.1 
3 2 
5.0 
4.3 
2.5 



267 
79 
60 
27 

151 



50.8 


6,418 


62.2 


290 


60.6 


1,029 


41.2 


1,068 


24.5 


4,041 



2,047 

97 

220 

546 

1,584 



1,067 

55 

11 

178 

685 



1.6 
.6 
•• 
.2 

8 

40.1 
1.8 
6.4 
6.6 

25.5 



12.8 

6 

1.4 

2.2 

6.6 



^.7 
5 

1 
1.1 

4.2 



.9 

.1 

.< 

13.6 
1.0 
3 7 
2.2 
6.7 



5.1 

3 

.6 

.7 

3.5 



1.1 

.2 
.2 
.7 



(eontlnoed on next page) 



TABLE X7III (Cont'd) 
Sistrl^atlon of KcuitifMtarsrs Sftles, V ^pe of Oatlet, 1929 



iSrpe and Site of Oatlet 



T>lae of Saloi 
Tkouaanda iPer Cent 
of Dollara of Total 



Salaa to Household Con- 

Buaera IMolaaslfled 

$500,000 and orer 

|100,000 - $600,000 

50,000 - 100,000 

leaa than 50,000 



298,571a/ 
62,141 
49,364 
46,961 

156,106^ 



26. S 

11.1 
IS. 8 
35. S 
58.1 



EetatllBhaenta 

Per Oant 
Inaiber of Total 



Percentage of 
Eetablishments 
Selling Ezolaalreljr 
to Speolfled Ontlcta 



11.427 
68 

49S 

1,142 
9,709 



71.5 

.6 

3.1 

7.1 

60.6 



42.8 

1 

.6 

2.8 

39«8 



Soorce: 



u 



Bureau of the Cemoua . Metmautlon of Sslea of lianufactarlng Planf , 1929 . 
pp. 26-27. Data are for aub-olaaBlfloatlon «^Akery Pradaita niWor (^l^^« 
Blacult and Crackers" of the Census classification, "Bread an Other 
Bakeiy Products.^^ They do not Inolide estahllshnants «lth annual produc- 
tion Talusd at loss than |500. 

In addition to this amount. It Is believed that a large part of the sales 
of small plants which failed to report a dlstrllnit Ion o their sales vers 
made to hone eonsuDors. 



Prepared 1^ 

Industigr Statistics lAilt, 
Statistics Section, 
DlTlsion of Bevlev, BSA* 
Ootoljer 28, 1935. 



-29- 



TABLE XIX 



BAKING INDUSTRY 
Grdnffl Workers, "by Age and Sex, 1930 a/ 









ITumber 


Per 


Cent ef Total 


Total NvimlDer of Workers 


a/ 




267,033 




100.0 


Male 






227,771 




85.3 


Female 






39,262 




14.7 


Workers, 10 - 17 Years 






14,016 




5,2 


Male 






lC,266 




3.8 


Female 






3,750 




1.4 


Source: Census of Population, 


1930 


, Vol. V, p. 


454. 


Data are for 



the Census classification "Bakeries." "The term 'gainful 
workers,' as here used, includes all persons 10 years old, 
and over, whc usually follov/ a gainful occupation, even 
though they may not have "been actually employed at the 
time the Census v/as taken," 

a/ Not including owners, operators, and proprietors. 



Prepared "by 

Industry Statistics Unit, 
Statistics Section, 
Division of Review, NRA, 
Octoher 26, 1935, 



8927 



,f 



I