Skip to main content

Full text of "Examinations Papers"

This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 
to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 

We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http : //books . google . com/ 

Digitized by Google 


"i/Ud^^c '""''~t/ 


.Vrv. nv. 



Digitized by Google 

Digitized by Google 

! ui 




NOVEMBER, 1891. 








< AND 

TILDfeN i-niJNDAl ionS. 


• • • «•• 

• • • 

Digitized by Google 


Pass Examination — Page 

Greek ... ... ... ... ... 5 

Xatin ... ., fl 

■••••'*** ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• o 

Algebra ... ... ... ... ,,. H 

Geometry ... ... ... ... ,,, 13 

English •••;•:: ^ - ...^. y.. , , ... 14 

ffistory •••:'i?;/-'t/^/ ••/':'::.*;:•;' - i® 

French ...* '**...' ' .,\ "'" ^.:" - ... 2I 

German ... 'j.l HI} I., f /'- ... ... 24 

Arithmetic ... ..."•''*•- .«j» :; "•■' ... ... 28 

Geography ... ^ j-K;^'' -^ ''^ ;.. !.. 29 

Chemistry ... U*:.\:'i\-,- " '.. 31 

Physics ... 32 

Physiology ... ... ... ... .^. 34 

Botany 35 




Algebra ... ... ... ... .^ 45 

Geometry and Trigonometry ... ... ... 43 

English 50 

History ... ... ... .. ^ 54 

^ench 56 

German ... ... ... ■ ... .^ gQ 

Chemistry ... ... ... ... .^. 54, 

^^ysicQ gg 

Physiology gg 

Bo*any .^ gg 

A 2 




TILOEN t- "v • -^ '!'**^ 



• • •• • 

•• • •• 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


NOVEMBER, 1801. 

The Board /)/l^narn>i^^ 

V.B.— OMidld*t«s mtOrt' dor' jwtiAlkMtdry: work om BAOX 
part of tlio pap«r. 

Translate into English — 

'AXi^avdpog ^e Ctg eg Tdp^iov woXiv rric ^pvylag 
irapriXdSf iroOog Xafxfidyei avroy rily Afia^av i^eiv 
Tov Top^iov. \6yoQ de irepi Tfjg hfjiairiQ tKelytiQ 
irapa role ytirotn ttoKvq ^v, Tophiov tlvai t&v 
TrdXac ^pvy&v &vlpa viyrira, icai yeyiarBai ahrf 
iroLi^a M/^av ovofia, fi^rf re &vdpa elvai roy M/^av 
KaXov Koi yevpoioVf koI kv tovt^ araerei rapdr" 
retrdai kv ff<^i(nv ahroig rove ^pvyac, ical yeriarBai 
avToig 'Xp't^H'^^f ^^^ &fia^a &£ei ahroig (iaeriXia 
Kol OTi ovTog avToig KaraTravtrei ttjv (rrderiv. en 
de wepl avT&v tovtu>v (iovXevofJiivoig IXOeiy roy 
M/^av ervy r J Trarpi koi napeXBeiy eg rily iKKXtivlay 
airy if &iM&^y. 

, Google 


2. Translate into Greek — 

(ja) All the states in the world will send to Athens 
the things which they make^ so that thej may 
shew them to each otner. 

{b) If the men of the senate wish it to he so, one 
citizen will have one vote. 

(c) In the new picture {ypa^ri) the nvmphs who 
sanff to Odysseus are seven very ugly (aurxpoo) 
birds. What would the poet Homer say ? 

3. State the ^gender .of and cbBcUzie.f ovc^ vlwpy iroXig, 

v£avlag'}*'fiXi^ ^^eSn^iil jall'genaers iroXvg, /xeyac 
. • • • * • 

4. Compare woXefiegif e^^4if{^Vi>p''^P^f> KoKwg. 

6. Write down tbe>, ptiix'ip^l* pa^^s of ^aiVcu, irivia, 
Tsivin), /3a/^wy:a2^aiwaes.,-Give, in full, the 
present subjunctive' and optative active of TiOrifiiy 

I. Translate — 

Kai evBvg iiyaySvTec tovq avBpunrovg i^T^yx^^f 
diaXaPovreCf €% riva eiSeiev &XXriv odov rj r^r 
(^avepdv, *0 fitv ovv erepoQ ovk €0?j, Kal fiaXa 
troXXHy 0o)3(iiv irpoffayo/iiviJV kirei ^e ov^ev c^^iXt- 
fxov eXeyeVf op&vrog rov kripov icarccr^ayiy. *0 ^e 
Xoiirot: eXe^tv art oItoq fitv Zlcl ravra ov <j^iri 
eihivaiy on ahrif rvyyavti Ovydrrip tKti Tap* av^pl 
kK^e^Ofxivri" aWoc ^' €0i| riyfierefrSai ^vvarrlv Koi 
hro^vyloig iropevtaQai bZov. *'Epa>TUffjL£vog ^ el tiri 
ri ey avry hvtnrdpiTov ^wplov, if^-q tlvai &Kpov o ti 
fiil Tig wpoKaraXiixj/oiTOy advvarov etreerdai irapeXOeiv, 
'EvravOa e^dxei ervyKaXierayrag Xoxayovg Kal 

,y Google 


veXraarag koI t&v owXit&v Xiyeiv re ra irapdi/ra, 
Kol ipufrdy ci Tig avrwv tariv otrrig avilp iLyaBog 
iOiXei yeviuQaiy koX vwoerrag iOeXoyrilg nopeveerdai, 

2. Parse ei^elevy icarccr^ayiy, (JMiriy XiiypoiTo, virotrrag* 

Account for the case of 6B6vs and the mood of 

3. Translate— 

Mera tovtov {Sevoff^iiv eTwey* 'Ey^ ^ ovri^ 
yiyvwvKia' Et fitv ayayicri etrrl iia.'^tirBai^ tovto hei 
napaffKevatraffdai &jrtag wg Kpariara ixa^ovfuQa' tl 
he fiovXdfieda utg p^ara wrepfiaXXeiVy tovto fioi 
hoKei (XKtirriov t\vai anwg wc iXa^itrra fiey rpav- 
fiara Xafitit^tyy tag kXawiaTa Ze awfiara ayopAy 
iaroliaXwfiey. To fiey ovy opog Itrrl to opwfieyoy 
irXioy fj £0' eEriKoyTa <rraZia, Aydpeg ^ ovdafiov 
^vXarrovrcc iifidg (payepoi eleriy 6,XX 5 Kara Tavrriy 
Tt^y oSoy' 'iroXv ovy KpelTToy tov ipiifwv opovg koi 
K:Xi\j/ai Ti ireipdadai XadovTag koi kp^atrai (^Qavay^ 
raCy riy hvywfieOa, fiaXXoy rj irpog i(rxypa \iapia koX 
Ay^pag irapeffKevafffiiyovg ficu^tirQai* XloXv yap 
pfoy opdioy aiJLa\t\ liyai tj ofxaXoy iyOey Kal eydey 
woXsfiiwy ovTtay' 

4. Parse pq,<rTay 06d(ravra£. Explain the case of opovg^ 

opOioy. After what verbs do you use the con- 
struction of oirtag with the future ? 

5. Bxplain aya^ev^ayTeg eiropevoyTO'^^ovg AaKehaifio- 

ylovg, Offoi ktrrk t&v ofj-oluy. 

,y Google 



The Board of Examiners, 

Candidates must do satlsfiMtory work on BACK part 
of the paper. 


1. Translate, parsing words in italics — 

Caesar^ paene omni acie perterrita, quod 
praeter opinionem consuetudinemque aceiderat, 
cohortatus sues legionem nonam mbsidio ducit ; 
hostem insolenter atque acriter nostros insequen* 
tern supprimit, rursusque terga vertere, seque ad 
oppidum Ilerdam recipere^ et sub mure consistere 
cogit. Sed nonae legionis milites elati studio, 
dum sarcire acceptum detrimentum volunt, te- 
mere insecuti/i^i^n^^^, in locum iniquum pro- 
grediantur, et sub montem, in quo erat oppiaum 
positum Ilerda, succedunt. Hinc se recipere 
cum vellentf rurmis illi ex loco superiore nostros 
premebant. Praeruptus locus erat, utraque ex 
parte directus, ac tantum in latitudinem patebat, 
ut tres instructae cohortes eum locum explerent, 

2. Translate into Latin prose — 

You are favoured, my friend, I said, for 
the Roman people has elected you consul 
unanimously. Be careful not to bring disgrace 
upon yourself. Many have held this office before 
you, few of whom have won glory for them- 
selves. I hope that you will bear it with much 
distinction to yourself, and with much advantage 
to the State. Remember the example of the 

,y Google 


famous men who have preceded you, and imitate 
them. If you do this, you will hardly go 
wrong. Farewell. 

3. Decline in iiill — anceps certamen, hospes, neuter, 

grando, sedile^ and give the comparative and 
superlative of — acer, facilis^ parvus^ maledicus, 
plus, frugi. 

4. Give chief parts and meaning of — veto^ orior, 

ordior, arcesso, comminiscor. Write down the 
1st pers. sing, pluperf. active of torqueo^ possum, 
caedo, surgo; and conjugate the imperative of 
eo, edo (eat) ; and the pres. indie, of fari. 

5. When is the English " that. . . .not " expressed in 

Latin by ne, and when by «f . . . .rum? What 
cases are governed by the verbs miseret^ memini, 
admoneo^ potior ? 


1. Translate— 

{a) Pars in gramineis exercent membra palaestris, 
Gontendunt ludo, et fiilva luctantur arena ; 
Pars pedibus plaudunt choreas, et carmina 

dicunt : 
Nee non Threicius longa cum veste sacerdos 
Obloquitur numeris septem discrimina vocum^ 
lamque eadem digitis. iam pectine pulsat 


{h) Siste gradum, teque aspectu ne subtrahe nostro. 
Quem fugis? extremum fato^ quod te adlo- 

quor, hoc est. 
Talibus Aeneas ardentem et torva tuentem 


Lenibat dictis animum, lacnmasque ciebat. 
Ilia solo fixes oculos aversa tenebat; 
Nee magis incepto voltum sermone movetur, 
Quam si dura silex aut stet Marpesia cautes. 

2. Translate, commenting on the syntax of words in 

italics — 

Sed cum mihi^ patres conscripti, et pro me 
aliquid et in M. Antonium multa dicenda sint, 
alterum peto a vobis ut me pro me dicentem 
benigne, alterum ipse efficiam ut, contra ilium 
cum dicam, attente audiatis. Simul illud oro : 
si meum cum in omni vita, tui^ in dicendo mode- 
rationem modestiamque cognostis, ne me hodie, 
cum isti, ut provocavit, respondero, oblitum esse 
putetis mei. Non tractabo ut cansulem: ne 
ille quidem me ut consularem. Etsi ille nuUo 
raodo consul, vel quod ita vivit vel quod ita rem 
publicam gerit vel quod ita factus est : ego sine 
ulla controversia consularis. Ut igitur intelle- 
geretis qualem ipse se consulem prqfiteretur^ 
objecit mihi consulatum meum. Qui consulatus 
verbo mens, patres conscripti, re vester fuit. 

3. Translate and explain — 

{a) Et, si mens stilus ille iuisset, ut dicitur^ 
mibi crede, non solum unum actum, sed totam 
fabulam confecissem. 
{b) Tenesne memoria praetextatum te decoxisse? 

4. Translate and explain the construction of — 

(a) Tu nee solvendo eras. 

(b) Scribam ad illos, ut, si qui forte quod a te 
mihi objectum est quodfrent sitn^ verum, ne cui 

,y Google 


{e) .... iam tuta tenebam, 

Ni gens crudelis . . . ferro iweanstet. 

(d) Viden' ut g-eminae Hant vertice cristae. 

(e) Et fidum capiti subduxerat ensem. 

The Board of JExami'ners. 

Bvery resnlt must 1>e reduced to its simplest fornu 
Tlie whole of tlie working' of a question mnst 1>e sent- 
in as part of tlie answer. 

1. Multiply 

- (c + a)zx — (a + V)QDy, 
hj ax + In/ + cz» 

2. Divide 

a\b^c) + J8(c -i) + c»(a - b) 
hj a + b + e. 

3. Prove that 

a\b - c) + lP(c - a) + c2(a - b) 
:=: ^ (b - e){c -a) {a ^ b). 






W (a- 


' (J- 



+ (.- 





• ' .[a — V)(a-e) ^ Q>-e){h-a) 

Solve the equations 

(i) a(a? + of + h{x + J)' + c{x + ef 
= a{x + h){x + c) + J(a + c){x + a) 
+ tf(a? + a){x + J). 

- + ^ + 

= 1 


a? y 
1'^ h 

+ ^ = 1 

- + ^ + - - 1 


a? + a"^a? + ft a? + c 

= 0. 

6. A, B, Cy are three towns forming a triangle. A 

man has to walk from one to the next, ride thence 
to the next^ and drive thence to his starting 
point. He can walk^ ride^ and drive a mile in 
a^ ft, c hours respectively. If he starts from 
A he takes ft + ^ — a hours, if he starts from 
B he takes c •\- a -^h hours, and if he starts 
from C he takes a + ft — {? hours. Find the 
length of the circuit. 

7. State and prove a rule for finding the highest 

common factor of three compound algebraical 
expressions A^ By C. 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners, 

th% lyiiibol — must not 1>e used ; and tbe only abbre* 
Tlation admitted for "tlie square described on the 
■tral^ht line AB" is "sq. on AB," and for "the 
rectangle contained by the straight lines ABiGD" is 
"reot. AB.GD." 

1. Id the two triangles LMNy P QR, the angle LNM 

is equal to the angle PRQ, and the angle LMN 
to the angle PQRf also the side JlfAequal to 
QR; prove that the side LM'\% equal to PQ. 

2. Triangles on the same base and between the same 

parallels are equal to one another. 

3. In a right-angled triangle the square on the side 

opposite the right angle is equal to the sum of 
the squares on the other sides. 

4. C is the middle point of a straight line AB^ and D 

is any other point in it ; prove that the rectangle 
contained by AD and DB together with the 
square on CD is equal to the square on A C, 

5. If a straight line be bisected and produced to any 

point, the square on the whole line thus pro- 
duced and the square on the part of it produced 
are together double of the sum of the squares on 
half the line bisected and on the line made up of 
the half and the part produced. 

S. Divide a given straight line into two parts so that 
the rectangle contained by the whole and one of 
the parts may be equal "to the square on the 
other part. 

,y Google 


7. If a diameter of a circle cut a chord at right angles, 
it bisects it. 

3. P is a point outside a circle whose centre is Oj 
and the straight line PO cuts the circle in M^ 
and when produced cuts it in Q; show that PM 
is the least and PQ the greatest line that can be 
drawn from P to the circle. 

9. If from a point outside a circle two straight lines 
be drawn^ one of which cuts the circle and the 
other touches it; the rectangle contained by the 
whole line which cuts the circle and the part of 
it outside the circle is equal to the square on 
the line which touches it. 

The Board of Examiners. 

ITote.—Pay particular attention to Kandwrltlnff and 

. Write an Essay on the following subject: — 

Which is the happier, town life or country life ? 

{The Essay should be about a page of foolscap 
m length.) 

, Analyse the following passages: — 
(a) The wise Ulysses was more indebted to his 
sleeping than his waking moments for his most 
subtle achievements. 

Digitized by Google 


(b) If the Boston of sixty years ago had Tentured 
to prophesy for itself literary renown, it is easy 
to see upon what reputation of the time it would 
have rested its claims. 

((/andidates may use any recognized scheme of 
analysis^ hut must make quite clear how many 
clauses there are, and where each begins and 

3. Parse every word in italic in the following sen- 

tences. In parsing, state the part of speech, and 
show the connexion of the word with the rest of 
the sentence : — 

Whenjirst thy sire to send on earth 
Virttie, his darling child, design'd, 
To thee he gave the heavenly birth 

And bade to form her infant mind. 
Stern rugged Nurse I thy rigid lore 
With patience 7)iant/ a year she bore. 

There are./^w who would not readily acknow- 
ledge that mainly in worthy books are preserved 
B.iia hoarded the treasures of wisdom and know- 
ledge which the world has accumulated. 

4. Write out four lines after each of the following 

openings : — 

(a) The fisher left 

(ft) Without one envious . . . 

(c) The broad sun above . . . 

5. What were the Christian names of Hawthorne, 

Irving (the American author), and Marvell ? 
Who was the " Man of Blood? " 
Who were the *' hurghers of St. Genevieve ?" 


On what river is St. Malo ? 

What are natives of St. Malo called ? 

What is the usual name of Almajne, and of 
Aurigny's isle? 

Write down the names that fill the blanks in 
the following : — 

loves the orchard; 

And loves the vine; 

And loves the straw-built shed, 

Warm with the breath of kine. 

6. Give the meaning and origin of each of the following' 

words: — Aqueduct, clarions, colonnade, comet, 
culverin, disembogues, fane, halberdier, impe- 
cuniosity, Levant, martyr, simony. 

7. Explain the allusions in: — Oriflamme, Temple Bar, 

Thule's winter, Lucumoes, the Red King, Byrsa's 
thousand masts, TenebrsB, Quaresima. 

8. Make the meaning clear, and comment on the 

grammar of the following passages : — 

(a) Like a crowd of frightened porpoises a shoal 
of sharks pursue. 

(J) Is it love the lying's for ? 

(e) As the big ship, with a bound, 
Clears the entry like a hound, 
Keeps the passage as its inch of way were the 
wide sea's profound. 

(d) In memory of the man but for whom had gone 
to wrack 
All that France saved from the fight whence 
England bore the bell. 

,y Google 


9. Explain the following passages : — 

(a) He fingered the white bean which was to keep 
a hated name out of the borsa with more 
complacency than if it had been a golden 

. (i) The inglorious, bloodless battles io which no 
man died of brave breast-wounds. 

{c) This, this is he for whom the world is waiting. 

{d) Eousseau-tinted spectacles. 

{e) Few people I suspect alluded twice to a needle 
in Sir John Hawkwood's presence. 

(y*) Alabamas are not wishes. . 

10. Browning, George Eliot, Lowell, Macaulay. 

(a) Arrange these four names in order of the 
dates of the deaths of the writers. 

(J) Write a brief life of one. 

11. Define the following grammatical terms — diph- 

thong, labial, syllable, interjection, inflexion, 
ordinal, infinitive, auxiliary, suffix, and give an 
example of each. 

12. What is the transitive form of each of the following 

verbs :— ^Drink, fall, lie, rise, sit ? 

What are the past participles of the following 
verbs : — ^grave, heave, melt, prove, work ? 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 

Candidates are to select any two, but not more, of tlie 
four following periods. 

1. Shew how Wessex gradually acquired its pre- 

euiiuence among the English kingdoms. 

2. Compare the foreign possessions of the King of 

England in the year 1160 with those in the year 

8. Trace the descent of Lady Jane Grey from Edward 
the Third. By whom, in what year, and for 
what reasons, was she proclaimed Queen of 
England ? 

4. Give the date of the opening of the Long Parlia- 

ment, and describe shortly the important subjects 
which it had to consider. 

5. Give some account of the causes which led to the 

fall of James the Second. 

6. Give the locality, the date, and the results, of each 

of the following battles: — Barnet, Evesham, 
Naseby, Stoke. 


1. Enumerate the secessions of the Plebs, and explain 
their importance. 

Digliid by Google 


2. By whom, for what purposes, and for how loxig^ 

was a Dictator usually appointed ? Mention any 
celebrated Dictators. 

3. Explain the origin of the First Punic War, and 

^ve briefly, with dates, the main incidents and 
Sie results. 

4. Compare the condition of the Roman Republic 

after the battle of Magnesia with that after the 
battle of Cannae. Give the date of each of those 

6. Give an account of the services rendered to his 
country by either Cato the Censor or Scipio 

6. Give some account of the campaigns against 
Jugurtha, mentioning the leaders ana any 
remarkable consequences. 


1. What historical basis of fact may be supposed to 

underlie the story of the Return of the Herak- 
leidae ? 

2. What do you know of the Spartan Gerusia and of 

the relations towards it of the Kings and 
Ephors ? 

3. Describe shortly the great athletic festivals of 

Greece, and estimate their influence. 



4* Belate the circumstances under which Cleon first 
came prominently forward, and give some ac- 
count of his subsequent career. By what poet 
was he satirised ? 

5. Describe shortly ihe condition of Greece at the 

accession of Philip of Macedon. 

6. Where are the following places, and why is- 

each famous: — Chaeronea, Coronea, Crimessus, 
Cynoscephalae ? 

IV. ^ 

1. What do you know of the treaty of Verdun, 843 ? 

2. Who were the Franconian Emperors ? Why were 

they so called ? With what English sovereigns 
were they approximately contemporary ? 

8. What are the different meanings of the word 
Crusade ? Give some account of the crusade of 
Charles of Anjou against Manfred and Conradin. 

4. When and under what circumstances did Sicily 
become united to the Crown of Aragon ? 

6. Why was Maria Theresa called the Empress- 
Queen ? Give the history of her relations with 

6. Where are the following places, and why are they 
respectively noteworthy: — Borodino, Erfurt, 
Geneva, Granada, Morgarten, Turin? 

,y Google 


OHie Board of Examiners, 

1. Translate — 

{a) Chose Strange, Moli^re qui a tant ^gaj6 le 
- public, etait triste et malheureux ; il 6tait toiir- 
mente par une passion cruelle, la jalousie. II 
6tait gen^reux envers les pontes et les acteurs; 
il ^tait plut6t I'ami que le chef de ses com^diens. 
Sa vie est pleine d'actions qui font autant 
d'honneur h, son caractdre, que ses pidces en font 
k son g-6nie. An'teur, acteur et directeur, 
Moli^re appartient ^ cette longue suite de grands 
hommes qui font la gloire du sidcle de Louis 
XIV. Grand podte et grand philosophe, il s'est 
surtout attach^ k peindre les moeurs, les ridicules 
et les vices de son ^poque, mais il les a peint 
avec tant de v^rit^ et tant de profondeur, qu'ils 
resteront vrai^ dans tons les temps. Moli^re fut 
le pdre de la com^die modeme, comme Shakspeare 
est le p^re de la tragSdie, et c'est h juste titre que 
la post^rit^ le nomme le premier des pontes 
comiques de tons les temps et de toutes les 

(i) Mazarin usa d'abord avec moderation de sa 
. puissance. II faudrait avoir v6cu longtemps avec 
un ministre pour peilidre son caract^re^ pour dire 
Quel degr6 de courage ou de faiblesse il avait 
dans I'esprit, k quel point il ^tait ou prudent ou 
fourbe. Ainsi, sans vouloir deviner ce qu' 6tait 
Mazarin, ou dira seulement ce qu'il fit. II 
affecta, dans les commencements de sa grandeur, 
autant de simplicity que Richelieu avait d6ploj6 


de hauteur. Loin de prendre des gardes et de 
marcher avec un faste royal, il eut d'abord le 
train le plus modeste; 11 mit de I'aflabilit^ et 
mdme de la moUesse partout oh son ])red6ces8eur 
avait fait parattre une fiert^ inflexible. La reine 
▼oulait faire aimer sa r^gence et sa personne de 
la cour et du peuple, et elle j r^ussissait. 
Mazarin avait peut-Stre la capacity de Richelieu^ 
son aptitude au travail, son intelligence et sa 
m^moire; mais^il n'avait aucune de ses vues 
dev^es; il ne songeait ni k la balance politique 
de I'Europe, ni k I'avenir de la France. 

(e) Est-il rien sur la terre 

Qui soit plus surprenant, 
Que la grande misdre 
Du pauvre Juif-errant? 
Que son sort malheureux 
Paratt triste et f&cheux! 

Un jour, pr^s de la ville 
De Bioixelles, en Brabant, 
Des bourgeois fort dociles 
L'accost^rent en passant; 
Jamais lis n'avaient vu 
Un homme si barbu. 

2. Translate into French — r 

(a) Moscow is a city unlike any other capital. In 
most of the great towns of the world the streets 
are composed almost entirely of large houses, and 
one street resembles another in the general size 
and character of the buildings. But tms is not the 
case with Moscow, which may almost be called a 
city of cottages. In &ct, the Russian house is a 
cottage built on a small or large scale, according 

y Google 


Jto the rank and the wealth of the owner, and 
these cottages form the greater part of this 
ancient capital. 

(i) France is one of the states of Europe most 
favoured by natiire in respect to fertility; agri- 
culture must, therefore, always remain the chief 
basis of the public wealth of that country. 

3. Translate— 

Yoil^ huit jours que je ne suis pas sorti. 

Envoyez savoir de ses nonvelles. 

II fait bonne chdre. 

Le pain d'autrui a toujours bon gotlt. 

II y a apparence de tempdte. 

Qu'en pensez-vous ? 

II n'a pas de quoi rirre. 

L'afFaire ne marche pas. 

Vous y ^tes. 

Nous nous sommes tromp^s. 

4. («) Give the feminine of: — singulier, su^dois, 

maltre, roi, serviteur. 

(ft) Give the plural of: — ce jeune homme, cet 
animal furieux, ce travail important, le bean 

{c) Form adverbs from the following adjectives : — 
gracieuz, impatient, fier, 6I6gant, heureux. 

5. (a) Translate, and write in full: — 75 men; 80 

francs; the year 1000; Charles I.; January 
10, 1891. 


(J) Give the infinitive, the present participle, and 
the past participle of: — contienne, puisse, 
faisait, plait, aura. 

(<?) How must the English present participle be 
rendered in French ? Translate : — 

I saw jou coming. 

He was writing a letter. 

Will you be going out soon? 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Translate into English — 

(a) Einen Augenblick umklammerte das junge 
Weib den Arm ihres Schwiegervaters ; der 
Anblick der Leute vom Regiment ihres Mannes 
brachte sie einer Ohnmacht nahe. Doch plotzlich 
risz sie sich los und stiirzte auf den nachsten 
Wagen zu: *' Hat Niemand meinen Mann 
gesehen ? Wie geht es ihm ? 1st er verwuhdet ? 

Sie nannte seinen Namen, doch die eine, furcht- 
bare, entscheidungsvoUe Frage, ob er noch lebe, 
wagte sie nicht zu thun. 

** Wir wissen's nicht .... Wir haben ihn nicht 
gesehen . • • . Doch, doch, die zweite Kompagnie 
war am starksten im Feuer . . . . Er ist verwundet 
• • • • Ich sah ihn fallen • . . . Nur leicht • • • • 
Nein, er ist todt!'' — so riefen die Soldaten durch 

,y Google 


"Todt!" hauchtedasarmeWeib; die Umste- 
henden fingen sie auf, der Zug setzte sich lang- 
sam in Bewegung*. Da wurde noch im letzten 
Augenblick ein Fenster aufgerissen, und ein 
bartdger Sergeant rief mit wahrer Lowenstimme: 
*^ Nein, er lebt. Icb babe ihn selbst gesehen ! " 

(J) Seine Freude war nicht gering; Alt und Jung 
theilte sie. 

Nun war es wieder einmal Maien geworden, 
ein herrliches, sonnengoldiges Maien! Da 
schauten die guten Burger ibm erst recbt nach, 
denn er ging nicbt mebr allein ; an seinem Arme 
bing verscbamt ein zartes Magdlein! scblank 
wie die Tanne, mit weicben, sammetdunklen 
Augen und Wangen, wie Milcb und Blut. Das 
Gluck stand Beiden auf der Stirn gescbrieben 
und von den Ziigen der ibnen Nacbscbauenden 
war zu lesen, wie sicb Alle des aufsprossenden 
Liebesgliickes freuten. 

{c) Das Hirtenkind, trat ein. Scbiicbtem stand 
sie am Eingang. 

Was bast du, arm Kind? rief Frau Hadwig. 
Komm naber! 

Da ging die Hirtin vor warts. Sie kiiszte der 
Herzogin Hand. Da ersab sie Ekkebard, sie 
nabte sicb aucb ibm, seine Hand zu kiissen, sie 
woUte reden, Scbiucbzen bemmte die Stimme. 

Fiircbt' dicb nicbt, spracb die Herzogin 
trdstend. Da fand sie Worte. 

Ich kann die Ganse nimmer huten, spracb sie, 
icb musz-fortgeben. Du sollst mir ein Goldstlick 
scbenken, so grosz du eines bast. Icb kann 
nicbts dafiir, dasz icb fort musz. 

Warum willst du fort, Kind? fragte die 
Herzogin, baben sie dir was Leides getban ? 


Er ist nicht mehr heimgekommen. 

Es Bind viele nicht mehr heimgekommen ; 
darum muszt du nicht fort. Die drauszen blieben, 
sind bei Gott im Himmel und sind in einem 
schonen lustigen Garten und haben's besser denn 

2. Translate into German — 

'' I gazed upon them and upon it by turns, and 
then looked round me for my two little ones; 
but they were not to be seen. Oh misery! 
^ Where/ cried I, * where are my little ones ?' — 
' They are burnt to death in the flames/ said my 
wife, calmly, ^ and I will die with them,' That 
moment I heard the cry of the babes within, who 
were lust awakened Dy the fire, and nothing* 
could have stopped me. ' Where, where are my 
children ?' cried I, rushing through the flames, 
and bursting the door of the chamber in which 
they were confined, ^ Where are my little ones?' 
— ' Here, dear papa, here we are,' cried they 
together, while the flames were just catching the 
bed where they lay. I caught them both in my 
arms, and snatched them through the fire as fast 
as possible, while, just as I was got out, the roof 
sauK in. * Now,' cried I, holding up my children, 
' now let the flames burn on, and all my posses- 
sions perish. Here they are; I have saved my 
treasure. Here, my dearest, here are our treasures, 
and we shall yet be happy.'" — Goldsmith. 

3. Decline throughout in German — 

The high tree; a rich queen; every brave 

,y Google 


4, Give German for — 

The two brothers of the young' king. I see a 
new house in the broad street. The uncle gave a 
new dress to his beautiful niece. Her friend is 
ten years old. He read the newspaper. They 
washed their hands. Have you called him. "ae 
grew very strong. This tree is higher than that 

6. Give German for — 

We left Paris a week ago and then went to 

We are to learn French next year. 

I went out into the garden at half-past three. 

How much does that hat costf 

When he had reached Berlin, he went to his 

He answered the teacher's question easily. 

He is called Henry. 

Let me give you a cup of coffee. 

We do not know Mrs. X. 

Charles the Twelfth, King of Sweden, died on 
the 11th December, in the year 1718. 

{Express all numbers by words^ rwtjigv/res,) 

6. Give the gender of— Bauer, Erde, Freiheit, Gold, 

Madchen, Schnee. 

7. Decline in both numbers throughout — ^ich, du, er. 

8. Form short sentences showing what cases are used 

after — ^mit, wahrend, nahe, danken, gedenken. 


The Boa/rd of Examiners. 

Mv9iry vMuXt must be r«diioed to its simplest form. TIm 
whole of the worklnff of a question must he sent in 
as part of the answer. 

1. Write down in words the quotient and remainder 

obtained by dividing one hundred billion, six 
hundred and ninety thousand, eight hundred 
million, five hundred and sixty-one thousand and 
ten, by eighty thousand three hundred and thir- 
teen million, five hundred and seventy-eight 
thousand three hundred and thirteen. 

2. Reduce to a decimal fraction correct to three 


3. Reduce to a vulgar fraction the difference between 

the fourth power of '7 and the fifth power of '8. 

4. Find by practice the value of 97 acres 3 roods and 

25 perches at £5 per acre. 

5. A person invests £10,000 in Victorian Government 

Debenture Stock, yielding interest at the rate of 
£4 per annum for each debenture. If the price 
of the debentures be £98 lOs., what is the 
annual income derived from the investment ? 

,y Google 


6. The area of a circle is found by multiplTing the 

square of half its diameter by 3-1416. Knd the 
number of cubic inches in a tramway cable one 
inch in diameter and one mile in length. 

7. The Age of Tuesday, September 20th last, waa 

numbered 11,417. What will be the number of 
the paper on the last day of this year, there being 
no publication upon Sundays and Christmas 

8. Trains travelling 20 miles an hour are despatched 

from a railway station at intervals of 15 minutes. 
At what intervals of time will they be passed by 
another train travelling in the same direction at 
a rate of 25 miles an hour ? 

9. At what time, between two and three o'clock do 

the hands of a watch point in exactly opposite 
directions ? 

10. Multiply 37 by 25 and explain clearly the reason 
for every step in the process. 


The Boa/rd of Bocaminers. 

The Map must be attempted. 

Draw a map of South America, showing the coast 
line, the political divisions, and the river systems. 
Mark on the map the chief town of each political 


2. State the position, and write a short account of 
each of the following : — Canton^ Chicago, Leeds^ 
Mytilene, Novgorod, Oude, Rockhampton, 
Samoa, Seychelles Islands, the Transvaal. 

8. Name the chief centres of production of silver, 
copper, steel, sugar, raw cotton, manufactured 
cotton, tobacco, indigo, silk, lace. 

{Indefinite answers^ such as India, the United States, 
mill not be accepted). 

4. Describe shortly the physical geography of West 


5. Write a short account of the political geography 

of the Dominion of Canada. 

/6. Describe the river system of the Ganges. Give 
a short account of any four towns on its banks. 

7. Define and explain the terms — Dew, sea, lake, 

watershed, isothermal lines, snow line, ecliptic, 

Why can we state absolutely the number of 
miles in a degree of latitude and not in a degree 
of longitude? 

8. Explain the phenomena which result from the 

inclination of the earth's axis to the plane of its 

9. State the leading circumstances which determine 


,y Google 


10. Account for the g^eographical limits of the trade 

winds and monsoons. 

11. Write a short account of the commerce of Great 


Board E. 

What volume of chlorine can he ohtaineu ..^m that 
quantity of salt which is sufficient to yield a litre 
of hydrochloric acid ? What general law is here 
illustrated ? Explain the reasons for your answer. 

2. When a mixture of finely divided iron and sulphur 

is heated, comhination occurs. How do you 
know that this statement is true ? 

3. If the compound produced hy the method described 

in the last question be placed in a flask, and 
covered with dilute acid, a gas is evolved; and 
if this gas be led into a solution of potash^ it is 
absorbed. Explain all that happens. 

4. Calculate the simplest possible formula for a com- 

pound containing six-sevenths of its weight of 
carbon, and one-seventh of its weight of hydrogen. 
Give examples of other formulae which equally 
well represent this composition. 

,y Google 


6. What do you understand by quick Urns and slaked 
lime? How may they be obtained from lime- 
stone ? 

6. How is phosphate of lime best obtained in quantity ? 
How could you make some if you were giyen 
phosphorus, water, and lime ? 

Board E. 

Qnestions mnst be attempted firom both divisions of the 
paper, but not more tlian POTIB from either division. 

1. Define " Work " and '' Energy." What are the 

two principal forms of energy with which 
dynamics is concerned ? 

Distinguish carefully between the ** Displace- 
ment/' ** Motion," and " Velocity " of a body. 

2. What is " Force," and how is it measured ? 

How long must the force of gravity act on a 
body falling freely from rest before its velocity is 
equal to its acceleration ? 

3. State the ^^ Laws of Friction," and give an explana- 

tion of the origin of this phenomenon. What 
is ** Limiting Friction,'' and how may its valne 
be determined ? 

,y Google 


4. Define *' Density " and " Specific Gravity." 

Calculate the density of g^unmetal, g^iven that 
a cylinder of this material 10 centimetres long 
and 2 centimetres in diameter weighs 280 

5. Explain the action of the Syphon. 


1. Define " Temperature/' "Quantity of Heat/' "Unit 

of Heat." 

What are the principal advantages and defects 
of a mercury-in-glasa thermometer as compared 
with other thermometers ? 

2. A block of ice is taken at a temperature of —10° 

centigrade. Describe carefully the changes 
undergone by the material as its temperature is 
gradually raised to 120° centigrade under normal 
pressure, stating what physical properties (besides 
the state of aggregation) become affected, and 
to what extent. 

3. State the " Laws of Fusion " of solid bodies. 

Describe some experimental means of deter- 
mining the melting point of a solid. 

4. One hundred grammes of powdered glass at a 

temperature of 100° centigrade are mixed with 
an equal weight of water at 0° centigrade; the 
specific beat of glass being 0*2^ determine the 
mial temperature of the mixture. 

5. Explain carefully the term " Mechanical Equivalent 

of Heat." 



Ths Board of Examiners. 

Illustrate your answer by as many diagrams as 

!• What do you understand by the lymphatic system. 
What are its functions ? 

2. What is the composition, and what are the uses of 


3. Why does the stoppage of the heart's aetion 

frequently cause death ? 

4. Why does the air enter the lungs in inspiration 

and leave it in expiration ? 

5. What do you understand by reflex action ? Give 


6. What are tears. How is it that they only run 

down the cheeks on special occasions ? 

?. What is the special sensory orp-an concerned with 
the sense of emelL Where is it situated^ and 
how is it excited ? 

8. What is the difference between whispering and 


9. How is the focus of the eye adjusted for yision at 
different distances ? 

10. If light and heat are modes of motion, bj what 
modification of structures are they separately 
recoraised ? 


Ths Board of Examiners. 

All answers mnst be illustrated by roxigli sketohes. 

1. Describe the structure of a fibro-vascular bundle 

in 9k Jem^ and the functions performed by the 
different parts. 

2. Describe the structure and life-history of a mould 

such as Mucor. 

3. Give the characteristic features of the following 

natural. orders: — Sutacea, ProteacecBy Liliaceaj 

4. Describe the structures seen when a section is cut 

across the leaf of a flowering plant. 

5. Describe in botanical terms the leaves of the 

following plants : — Buttercup, Leptoapermvmj 
pea, dandelion, Epacris, What is a phyllode? 

O 2 


6. What do you understand by the term fruit? 

Describe me structure of the fruit in the pea or 
bean, and the processes leading up to its 

7. How do plants (1) breathe, (2) feed ? Illustrate 

your answer by reference to (1) a mould, (2) a 
flowering' plant. 

8. What is meant by the terms cohesion, adhmoUf 

and suppression? Illustrate your answer by 
reference to particular examples. 

9. No calyx is seen in an expanded Poppy flower. 

Why ? What term is applied to such calyces, 
and how is their existence seen ? 

10. How are fruits classified for Botanical purposes ? 

,y Google '■^' 



The Board of Examiners, 

ftauididAtes must do satis&otory work on SACK part of 
the paper. 


1. Translate into Greek prose-^ 

The accused is one of a dangerous set of per- 
sons whose main object in life seems to be to 
work mischief to any form of government which 
they may from time to time be under. Whether 
the few or the many happen to make the laws, 
these gentry declare the said Jaws to be altogether 
intolerable, and they set to work to overthrow 
them. If you were to ask me upon what con- 
sistent principles they proceed in this extra- 
ordinary conduct, I couid only guess that it is 
upon the principle of consistent contrariety, 
which, as a political attitude, is rather worthy of 
spoiled children than of reasoning men. I know 
not what we are to do with such beings, unless we 
put them on an island by themselves, and let 
them legislate each other to death. 

2. Translate into English — 

(a) TLpwrov fikv oZv oi/K aBvfjLrfriov, & &v^p€S ^AOtj" 
vaioi, Tols vapovffi Trpay/jLaoriVy ohh* ei iravv ^avXwc 
t\tLV ZoKtV o yap tari \dpurrov avrtiv e/c rov 


ircLpeXriXvdSTOs 'xp6vov, tovto npbc ra filWovra 
fiiKntTTOv uirapyii, Tt ovv karl tovto ; oti ovdevy 
i avhpes 'Adrfyaioi, tUv ZiovTiav iroiovvTiav vfimvy 
kukHc tcl irpdyfiara ex**' ^'^^^ ''*'* ^*> frayff a vpotf 
yJKe vpoTTOvTiaVy oxma^ ^X'^V9 ovh^ av eXxic Jiv aura 
fieXriut yevicrQai. "ETrcira eyOvfiriTiov icai Trap' 
AXXfaiv cLKOvovtn KoX Tols eidotriv avrolg avafii/jLyrfaKth' 
fxivoiQy ifXiKTiv voT ixovTwv hvvafiiv AaKthat/wviiayf 
wc KaXCfQ Koi wpotrriKOVTWQ oi/hiy &yd^ioy v/uIq 
cxpafare ttjq noXtwC' 

(b) tf lyia TrdXai ZvaniyoQ eKTrenXriyfiiyrf 
jcaicotc* vwepPaXXti yccjO ijde trvfif^pa 
to fiiiTB Xi^ai firiT iptitifjarai iradrj. 
SfiufQ S' aydyicri vrffiovaQ fipOTolc if^ipety 
Oeiiy diSovTwy' vdy h* dva7rrv£ac ndOos 
Xi^oy KaTatrras, Kei trriytic Jcoicoic o/zwc, 
tIc ov TtdyriKty tIvu 5c jcai vtvdiivoiitv 
Tuy ap\£Xa(ayf otrr kvl <rKff7rrov\iif, 
TayfitiQ 6,yayipoy Toliy ^piifiov Oayuty. 


1. Trftnslate, writing coDcise notes in the margin where 
joa think comment is called for by the construc- 
tion or the allusion (as the case may be) — 

(a) dX\\ 2) 0cXi7, TOVTiMfv fiev iLv IxuQ XEpoly 
TVfjLflip irpoaayj/riQ firi^iy' ov yap aroi di/JLiQ 
oh^ offioy exdpaQ diro yvvaiKog itrrdyat 
KTiplfffiaT ovSc XovTpa irpo(T(pipiiv irarpi* 
dXX' ^ TTvoaiaiy ri (iadvtrKaipei Koyit 
Kpvyj/oy yiy, tyda /i^iror' eiq evyrjy varpoi 
TOVTufy vpotntffi nrfiiv' oXX* oray Qdvrf 
KsifiriXi aifry Tavra arut^EtrSui kcltu. 
dpX^*' 5' hyy ei /x^ TXrifioyEtrraTri yvvrj 
naaruy efiXaim, Taer^e IvafityCiQ \Qaq 
cifK &y ToO\ By y* etcreiye, rjJ^' kvimi^^ 

,y Google 


(J) rl TovQ &i'(od£v fpoyifjLiaTciTovc olwvovc 

iaopktfitvoi Tpof^cLQ icrjdofiivovg ki^ iv re /3XaoTM- 
triy d^' Jfv T ovaaiv evpiatrif rah* oi/K iv* t^ac 

reXovfiev ; 
dXX' oi/ ray Atog aarpairav 
Kal TCLV oi/paviav Qi/iiVf 
^apov ovK wrrovrffTOi. 

Z \Qovia fipOToiicrt ^d/ia^ Kara fioi fioaarov oiicrpay 
07ra ToiQ ivcpff ^Arpel^aic, iixopewa ^ipovt^ 

{c) kyik yap iivi\ Mfiriv ro UvdiKov 

fiavreiovy wg fjLoBoifi ortf rp6w^ warpt 
^cjcac apoifirfy rwv (^vtvaavTuv irapa, 
Xpp fioi TOiavd^ 6 ^boifiog &y irtvau T&)(a. 
AffKivov ahroy atrwi^iav rt koX tnparov 
l6\oi(n xXixj/ai xttpoc ev^lxovg a^aydc* 

(rf) riy' Aei 

rdfcctc £^' cLKopttrrov olfi(ayav 
Tov TfdXai iK doXepas dOewrara 
fiarpoQ dXdvr' dwdracc 'Ayafiifivova ; 

{e) dXX' eicropa firl (rKfi\l/iy oifK ovaav T'Si\g, 

2. Translate^ with notes (as above) — 

(a) ^vvivpaacre yap avroiQ icai *AX«/?td^i7C, 'EvJ/^ 
kf^opEvovTi TrarpiKOQ tg tcl fidXurra ^ivog wr, odev 
Kal Tovyofjia AaKwyiKov ^ olicia airrCfv Kara t^v 
^eylav €(r)(£y' *'Ey^ios yap 'AX*ct/3td?ou ejcaXciro. 

(b) Kal yap tov vXovy ravry Ik tov Trpo^avovc 
ivoiovvTO, KaTax^povi]aavTtQ twv 'Afljjvatwv dSvv- 
aaiavy on to vavriKov ohhev ahTdv 'ttoXv ira^ 

{€) TCL T£ x^*<* rdXavra, Zv 5id iravTog tov iroXifwv 
€.yXl\ovTO /ii) &\l/a(rdbLty ihdvQ eXvtray Tag kvLKei- 
fuvag irifilag t^ eiwovTi rj kTri\pri(j>icravTi vtto Tfjg 
vapovtrrig eKTrXri^ewg Kal t\j/7i<lil(ravro Kiveiy, 


(d) Kot Tciis yiutfidpoig fiiTE^lioaav ovre AXXov ov^tv6Qy 
ovre tKdovvat ohS* ayayitrdai trap iKtlvtav ov5' ig 
hceivovg ohhivt en tov hri/jiov i^ijv, 

(e) KUTCL he raitro rovro Koi vpotroXo^vpacrOai rivi 
ayayaicriiaavTaf &<rTe afivvaoQai kin^vkeinravrcLy 
ktifvarov 7fy, fj yap ayvSrra av rfipevy f ^P^h 4 
yvbtpifiov dirioTov, aXXiiXoiQ yap ^Trovrec virinTiac 
irpoa^aav oi tov diifiov, wg fieTe^ovra Tiva tov 

C/) yjM y«P ^^^* ^ov Heipaiwg fi ^ReTiufveiay jcai xap' 
airr^v evOvg 6 etr-n-Xovg itniv' eTei\Ll^eTO ovv ovrta 
ivv T^ TTporepov vpog rjireipov \nrap')(pyTi TeL\eiy Strre 
Kade^ofievtov eg avro avOpufTrutv oKiytav &p')(eiy tov 
ye etnrXov' ev avroy yap tov evt t^ orofJiaTi rov 
Xifxevog VTevov ovTog tov erepov irvpyov eTeXevra to 
Te waXaiov to irpog ^eipov koi to ivTog to Kaivov 
Tet^og TEixii^Ofievoy irpog daXafrarav, Bi^KohS/xfi^ay 
5e jcat OToav, iiwep Jjy fieyitrrq Kal eyyvrara tovtov 
evOifg exofiivTi ey Tf Tietpaui^ Kal 7ip\oy ahrol avrfigy 
eg fjv KoX TOV cTitov iivayKoioy iravrag tov vvap\pvTa 
Te Kal tov etnrXiovTa e^aipelardai Kal evTevOev 
irpoaipovvTag wwXe'iv. 

3. Comment on the meaning or construction (as the 
case may be) of — 6(tov koI cnro fiofJQ eveKa dtpyl^ero 
Tolg ^XlTaig — fJLeTe(r\ov ev Tolg irpioToi — lirt^fjoovra 
opyag TitTtraipepvei — wirrpaKiaixevog oh ^ca hvvafutag 
Kal &BiwuaTog (l>6Pov — Tag ^vvij/jioffiag atvep crvy- 
\avov ovtrai eirl hUatg Kal ap')(o7g, 

4* Where are ^'Ajivhog, 'AXiKapvacrcrScy * ApyivovatFai, 
^ ATpafiuTTiovy ^EpeTpia, Bdtrog, KXa(ofUvaly 
Kdfiipog J 

5. Where else in Greek literature is the subject-matter 
of the Eleetra treated ? 



The Boa/rd of Examiners, 

OAiidldat«s must do satisfiustory work on BJk€K part off 
the paper. 


1. Translate into Latin prose — 

In the reduction of the enemy to submission, 
the Admiral had a less easy task to accomplish 
than those who had been the first to enter the 
country. His predecessor had found allies in 
the natives, who hated their Spanish conquerors^ 
while he was in the position of one who nad to 
enforce slavery on men who had enjoyed freedom. 
Moreover^ he found the rebellion so general that 
those who were not in arms themselves were 
holding to their allegiance at the cost of sustain- 
ing so vigorous a blockade, that, but for timely 
succour, they must have succumbed. 

2. Translate— 

{a) Sed omnia in eo praecipitia ad exitium fiierunt. 
nam cum praemissis Hippocrate atque Epicyde 
cum binis milibus armatorum ad temptandas 
urbes, quae praesidiis tenebantur Romanis, et 
ipse in Leontinos cum cetero omni exercitu — 
^erant autem ad quindecim milia peditum equi- 
tupaque — profectus esset, liberas aedes coniurati 
— et omnes forte militabant — ^imminentes viae 
angustae, qua descendere ad forum rex solebat, 
sumpserunt. ibi cum structi armatique ceteri 
transitum exspectantes starent^ uni ex eis — Dino- 
meni Aiit nomen— quia custos corporis erat, 


partes datae sunt^ ut, com appropinquaret ianuae 
rex, per causam aliquam in angustiis snstineret 
ab tergo agmen. 

{b) lamque maDus Colchis crinemque intenderat 

Carmina barbarico fiindens pede, teque ciebat, 
Somne pater: Somne omnipotens^ te Golcliis 

ab omni 
Orbe vocOy inque unum iubeo nunc ire 

Quae freta saepe tuo domui, quae nubila cornu 
Fulminaque et to to quidquid micat aethere; 

sed nunc 
Nunc^ age, maior ades fratrique simillime Leto. 

3. Give the chief rules for the construction of oratio 

obliqua in Latin. Write down the oratio obliqua 
of " Scio me " inquit ** paene incredibilem rem 
poUiceri: sed rationem consilii mei accipite, quo 
firmiore animo in proelium prodeatis." 

4. Translate into Latin — *' Can anyone tell me whether 

the accused has confessed his crime or not?** 
And distinguish between the uses of num, nonney 
ne^ utrum, and an in Interrogative sentences. 


1. Translate with, where necessary, brief marginal 
notes — 

(a) ** Nobis vero " ioquit Quinctius, " nihil dilectu 
opus est, cum, quo tempore P. Valerius ad reci- 
piundum Capitoiium arma plebi dedit, omnes in 
verba iuraverint, con ventures se iussu consulis 
nee iniussu abituros. Edicimus itaque, omnes. 

,y Google 


qui in verba iurastisy crastina die armati ad 
lacum Regillum adsitis." Gavillari turn tribuni 
et populum exsolvere religione velle: privatum 
60 tempore Qainctium fuisse, cum sacramento 
adacti sint. Sed nondum haec, quae nunc tenet 
saeculum, ueglegentia deum venerat, nee inter- 
pretando sibi quisque ius iurandum et leges aptas 
faciebat^ sed suos potius mores ad ea accommo- 
dabat. Igitur tribuni, ut inpediendae rei nulla 
spes erat, de proferendo exercitu agere, eo magis, 
Quod et augures iussos adesse ad Begillum lacum 
lama exierat locumque inaugurari, ubi auspicato 
cum populo agi posset, ut, quidquid Romae vi 
tribunicia rogatum esset, id comitiis ibi abro- 

{b) Tu lene tormentum ingenio admoves 
Plerumque duro; tu sapientium 
Curas et arcanum iocoso 
Consilium retegis Lyaeo ; 
Tu spem reducis mentibus anxiis, 
Viresque et addis cornua pauperi 
Post te neque iratos trementi 

Regum apices neque militum arma. 
Te Liber et, si laeta aderit, Venus 
Segnesque nodum solvere Gratiae 
Vivaeque producent lucernae, 

Dum rediens fugat astra Phoebus. 

(e) Hodie non desceudit Antonius. Cur? dat 
nataliciam in hortis. Cui ? neminem* nominabo : 
putate tum Pbormioni alicui, tum Onathoni, tum 
etiam Ballioni. foeditatem bominis flagiti- 
osam ! impudentiam, nequitiam, libidinem 
non ferendam ! Tu cum principem senatorem^ 
civem singularem, tam propinquum habeas, ad 
eum de re publica nihil reieras, referas ad eos. 

,y Google 


qui suam rem nullam habent, tuam exhauriont ? 
Tuns videlicet salutaris consalatas, pemiciosus 
meus. Adeone pudorem cum pudidtia perdi- 
disti; ut hoc in eo templo dicere ausus sis, in quo 
ego senatum ilium, qui quondam florens orbi 
terrarum praesidebat^ consulebam, tu homines 
perditissimos cum gladiis collocavisti ? 

{d) Pars calidos latices et aena undantia flammis 
Ezpediunt^ corpusque lavant frigentis et nn- 

Pit gemitus. Turn membra toro defleta re- 

Purpureasque super vestes, velamina nota, 
Coniciunt. Pars ingenti subiere feretro, 
Triste miDisterium, et subiectam more parentum 
Aversi tenuere facem. Gongesta cremantur 
Turea dona^ dapes, iuso crateres olivo. 

2. Comment on the following: — 

(a) Favete Unguis. 

(jb) an quae te fortuna fatigat, 

Ut tristes sine sole domos, loca turbida, adires ? 

ic) Ilia, chonim simulans, evantes orgia circum 
Ducebat Phrygias. 

{d) Nisi qui de caelo servare constituit. 

{e) Apparitor— sordidata mancipia — me dius fidius 
— in trinum nundinum — prope Cloacinae ad 

•3. Give some account of the contents of the Twelve 
Tables, and of the events which led up to them. 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners, 


{a + i) (a + e) 
a(a — b)(a — e) 

. (b + e)ib+a) 
^ b{b-c){b-a) 

"^ e{e-a){e-b)' 

2. If 

a? + y + ^-1 = 

ad? + iy + <» — rf=:0 

prove that 

a*a? + J*y + ^ "" ^ 
= — (d — a)(^ — b)(jd -^c){d + a + b + cy 

S. If 

aaP + bi/^ + cz^ + 2fyz + 2^zj? + ^hxy 

be the product of two factors of the form^ 
Ix + my -^^ nz, prove that 

abc + 2fgh -aJ^ — bg^ — cJi?-0. 

4. If Xy y, z are unequal quantities^ and if 

y* + 2^ + m(y + 2?) = ;?' + a' + ^(^ + a?) 

= a?3 + y^ + m{x + y), 

prove that each of these expressions is equal to 


5. Prove that («•*)* =: «"•* for all values of m and n. 

Find a factor which will rationalize 

«^ + y^ + ^' 

6. If ^(^1, Xt^ ^st •-•• ^n) ^ &0J homogeneous 

function of the variables Xi, x^, x^y ... . x^ of the 
rth degree, and if 

ail bi^a^: ba=:(h: h= = «n : *«, 

then each of these ratio is equal to 

a ft c 
prove that 

(a?* + y« 4- 2* + &c.) (a» + 5» + ^ + &c.) 

7. Find the sum of all the products three at a time 

of the terms of an infinite geometrical progres- 
sion, and if this sum be one-third of the sum of 
the cubes of the terms, shew that the common 
ratio is ^. 

8. An even number Qn of prisoners have to be 

marched out every day hand-cuffed in pairs. 
Find an expression for the number of times they 
can be sent out without exactly repeating the 
arrangement of pairs, no account being taken of 
the order in which the pairs march out, or of 
whether a prisoner is hand-cuffed by the right 
or left hand. 

,y Google 


9. Find the greatest term in the expansion of 
(1 + xY when w is a positive integer. 

If n is an integer of the form 8jt? ± 1 prove 
that in the expansion of (1 + J? + yY the co- 
efficient of the three terms containing ajP^^ 
/uPyP±i^ ajp±i^ are all equal, and greater than 
the co-efficient of any other term. If n is of the 
form 2p, prove that the greatest co-efficient is 
that of of If. 

10. SoFve the equations 


(y — a)(z^a) = bc\ 
(ii) {z — b){x-^ b) = ca> 

11. Shew how to reduce the solution of 

A{oi? + y^)+Bxy'^ C{x + y) + D-0 
A\!^+y^) + Bxy + C{x + y) + jD' = 
to depend on the solution of quadratic equations. 


The Board of Examiners. 

Zn the ilrst six questions tlie symbol — must not be nsed; 
and tlie only abbreviation admitted for "the sqnare 
described on the straight line AS" is "sq. on A8," 
and for "the rectangle contained by the straight 
lines AB.CD" is "rect. AB.CD." 

1. Describe four circles to touch three given indefinite 

straight lines, and explain what becomes of the 
circles when two of the lines become parallel. 

2. Prove that in the regular pentagon each diagonal 

is parallel to a side. 

8. The areas of parallelograms which are equiangular 
to one another have to one another the ratio 
which is compounded of the ratios of their sides. 
Hence deduce that the areas of similar parallelo- 
grams are to one another in the duplicate ratio 
of their homologous sides. 

4. Find a point inside a triangle at which the three 

sides shall subtend equal angles. 

5. The rectangle contained bj the diagonals of a 

quadrilateral figure inscribed in a circle is equal 
to the sum of the rectangles contained by its 
opposite sides. But if the quadrilateral is such 
that a circle cannot be described about it, then 
the rectangle contained bj the diagonals is less 
than the sum of the rectangles contained by the 
opposite sides. 

,y Google 


6. A point moves so that the ratio of its distances 

from two fixed points is constant ; find its locus. 

7. Prove geometrically that sin 2A = 2 sin J. cos ^ 


A +£ A-^B 
sin -4 + sin ^ = 2 sin — s — cos — o — • 

8. If the sum of the angles Ay B, ^ is a right angle, 

prove that 

4 cos A cos -B cos C = cos (-B + C ^ A) 
+ cos(C + A- B) + cos (A + B- C). 

9. Given the four sides and one angle of a quadri- 

lateral^ obtain expressions for the lengths of the 
two diagonals in terms of them. 

10. Establish the following expression for the area of 

a triangle 

he -^^ ca •\- ah 
2 (cosec A + cosec B + cosec Cy 

11. Prove that the radius of the circle inscribed in a 

triangle is equal to twice the area of the triangle 
divided bj the sum of the sides; and establish 
the following expression for the area of the 
inscribed circle: — 

2irahe . A 

sm 7i sm 77 sin 

a '\' + c 2 Z z 

12. Two observers 8 miles apart on the same horizontal 
plane measure the angular elevation above the 
horizon of a point on a cloud which lies in the 
vertical plane passing through their points of 



observation and between them. The angles are 
30° and 9° 36'. Calculate the height of the cloud 
above the horizontal plane by means of the 
following data: — 

log sin 9* 36' = 1 -22211 
log sin 30° =1-69897 
log sin 140*^ 24' = 1-80443 

log 8 .= -90309 
log 1-046 = -01953 
log 1-047= -01996. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Make a full analysis, on any recognized system, of 
the following passages: — 

{a) The next moment the child had sprung into 
her arms, sobbing passionately at he knew not 
what, but, as his paroxysm of emotion subsided, 
whispering over and over, with shy urgency, 
"Play! Play!" 

(b) To pursue the allegory, custom being but a 
mere face, as echo is a mere voice, rests not in 
her unaccomplishment, until by secret inclina- 
tion she accorporate herself with error, who 
being a blind and serpentine body without a 
head, willingly accepts what he wants, and 
supplies what ner incompleteness went seeking. 

,y Google 


2. Parse every word in italic in the following sen- 

tences. In parsing, state the part of speech and 
show the connexion of the word with ^e rest of 
the sentence : — 

While raking with carious hand but pious 
heart among the mouldering remains of former 
days anxious to draw therqfrom the honey of 
wisdom I may fare somepjhat like that valiant 
worthy Samson who in meddlnig with the carcase 
of a dead lion drew a swarm of bees about his 

These delights if thou canst give 
Mirth with thee I mean to live. 

3. (a) State and illustrate the principal rules of 

(J) Write down six defective verbs, and point out 
the defect in each. 

4. Write out four lines after each of the following 

openings : — 

(a) The fisher left.... 

(ft) Without one envious. ... * 

{e) The broad sun above. ... 

5. Give the meaning and trace the origin of each of 

the following words: — ^^gis, avatar, biceps, cope^ 
disembogues, offing, pacnydermatous, periwig, 
persiflage, pistoles, pharos, plummet, poet^ 

6. Explain fiiUy the allusions in the following: — 

(a) So stalked he when he turned to flight on that 
famed Picard field 
Bohemia's plume and Genoa's bow and Gsesar^s 
eagle shield. 

D 2 


(b) On a far shore I smoothed with tender hand 
Through months of pain the sleepless bed of 


(c) He heard simple folk talk of a Pope Angelico, 
who was to come bj-and-by and bring in a new 
order of things, to purify the church from simony, 
and the lives of the clergy from scandal. 

(^ A series of crosses beginning with the Baden 

(«) Mr. Lincoln persisted in calling him Mr. 

7. Explain the following passages from Browning: — 
Thinking on Mettemich our friend. 
Before the duomo shuts. 
Our Italy's own attitude. 

S. Comment on the following passages from Milton : — 

(a) A high enterprise and a hard, and such as 
every seventh son of a seventh son does not 
venture upon. 

{b) Set an Oligarchy of twenty ingrossers over it. 

(c) The careful search that Isis made for the 
mangled body of Osiris. 

{d) This- I take to be the most rational and the 
most profitable way of learning languages. 

i). Comment on the following passages from Dryden: — 

(a) To be nobly bom and of an ancient family is 
in the extremes of fortune, either good or badf. 

(b) They loved the prospect of this quiet in 



(c) I am sorry that (speaking so noble a language 
as we do) we have not a more certain measure 
of it. 

(d) This language has in a manner been refined 
and purified from the Gothic ever since the time 
of Dante. 

10. Julius Caesar. 

(a) In what passages does Shakspeare refer to 
Cicero ? 

(b) Discuss the character and motives of Gasca. 
(£?) Write a short account of Portia. 

11. Write an explanatory note on each of the following 

(a) The Genius and the mortal instruments 
Are then in council. 

(6) Is it physical 

To walk unbraced ? 

(c) And Caesar's spirit, ranging for revenge, 
With Ate by his side come hot from hell, 
Shall in these confines with a monarch's voice 
Cry " Havoc ! " and let slip the dogs of war. 

(d) On abjects, orts, and imitations. 

{e) And sell the mighty space of our large honours 
For so much trash that may be grasped thus. 

12. Write an Essay on ^' Haste breeds delay." 


Ths Board of Examiners. 

(taadldat** ar« to aasw«r ftilly and oloarly TWSLVB, 
and only Twolvo, of tlio following' quostions. 

1. Shew how Northmnbria became supreme among 

the early English kingdoms. How long did the 
supremacy last ? 

2. Narrate and criticise carefiilly the important oc- 

currences of the last three years of the reign of 
William the Conqueror. 

3. Give some account of the rise and progress of the 

medieval gilds. 

4. Sketch the relations of Henry the Eighth with 

foreign powers down to the Treaty of Cambray. 

5. How do you account for the religious intolerance 

which prevailed in England under the earlier 
Stuarts ? 

6. Did the Restoration of Charles the Second mean 

the restoration of the system of Charles the First 
and " Thorough " ? If not, what did it mean ? 

7. Give some account of the career of the elder 

Pretender ? 

8. Give some account of the development of industry 

in Great Britain during the eighteenth century. 

9. To what causes, general and special, would you 

assign the greatness of Rome ? 

,y Google 


10. Define ''Italy" as understood during the Re- 

publican period^ and indicate the chief stages in 
the subjugation of the territory by Rome. 

11. Discuss the political influence of oratory in Greece^ 

Rome^ and Great Britain respectively, and illus- 
trate your answer from the career of some one 
orator of each countiy. 

12. At what time, by what means, and for what 

reasons, was Marcus Octavius deposed from the 
Tribunate of the Plebs ? 

13. Give a careful explanation of the causes of the 

Peloponnesian war. 

14. When and under what circumstances did Sparta 

acquire the headship among the Grecian states ? 
How do you account for her failure to keep it ? 

15. Give some account, with dates, of the career of 


16. How do you explain the facility with which 

Alexander conquered Persia ? What steps, and 
with what result, were taken by him towards 
consolidating his newly-acquired Empire ? 

,y Google 


The Board of Examines. 

1. Translate — 

(a) Les discordes civiles qui d^solaient I'Angle- 
terre servent bien k faire voir les caract^res des 
deux nations. Les Anglais avaient mis dans 
leurs troubles civils un acharnement m^lanco- 
lique et une fureur raisonnee; ils donnaient de 
sanglantes batailles; le fer d^cidait de tout; les 
6chafauds 6taient dresses pour les vaincus; leur 
roiy pris en combattant, fut amen6 devant une 
cour de justice, interrog^ sur Tabus qu'on lui 
reprochait d'avoir fait de son pouvoir, condamn^ 
& perdre la tdte, et execute devant tout son peuple, 
avec autant d'ordre, et avec le mSme appareii de 
justice, que si on avait condamn^ un citoyen 
eriminel. Les Frangais, au contraire, se pr^cipi- 
taient dans les seditions par caprice et en riant; 
les femmes 6taient ^ la t^te des factions. 

(&) II 7 a plus d'un mois que je suis k Berlin. J'y 
ai rencontr^ an jeune medecin firangais qui esaa- 
yait, lui aussi^ d'observer et de comprendre cette 
ville singulidre. Aprds avoir pass6 les joum^es k 
courir chacun de notre c6t^, nous nous retrouvions 
le soir dans un restaurant, et mon ami ne man- 

Siait jamais k me rendre compte des choses les 
us curieuses qu'il avait vues. II 6tait emer- 
veill^. II d^couvrait sans cesse quelque nouveau 
detail qu'il signalait k mon admiration. II 
m'expliquait comment Berlin, 6tant la dernidre 
n6e des grandes villes, avait pu d'embl^e s'appro- 
prier toutes les inventions nouvelles mises en 
pratique dans le reste du monde. Le chemin de 

,y Google 


fiir metropolitain, les tramways et les omnibus, lea 
pompes h, incendie, L'6elairage ^lectrique, autant 
de points oh aucune capitale d'Eorope, pas mdme 
Londres, ne peut rivaliser avec Berlin. Mon ami 
prenait plaisir k me le r^p^ter, et il me r^v^lait 
ainsi un Berlin dont, peut-dtre, je n'eusse point 
sans Ini appr^i6 tonte la grandeur. 

(r) Que gagne-t-on k copier la nature ? De quoi 
nous sert cette copie et que peut-elle ajouter k 
notre bonheur ? Quelle vanite que la peinture,. 
qui attire I'admiration par la ressemblance des 
cnoses dont on n'admire pas les originaux ! Un 
jour que Theodore Rousseau achevait une ^tude 
d'arbres dans la gorge d' Apremont, un pajsan qui 
Tint k passer lui demanda d'un ton goguenard ce 
qu'il faisait 1^. ^' Vous le voyez, je fais oe grand 
<mdne que voici." '* A quoi bon, repartit le pay- 
■an, puisqu'il est d^j^ tout fait ?" 

(d) Tu te trompes sur elle. 

Dds longtemps je Tobserve, je lis dans ses yeux 
Quelque chose d'6trange et de myst^rieux : 
Elle n'a point I'humeur des filles de son &ge ; 
Elle s'isole et fiiit les danses du village ; 
On dirait que son &me^ k I'heure du reveil^ 
Ayec les yeux ouverts, garde encore son sommeil^ 
Le seul bruit des combats I'attire et la domine; 
Aux recits qu'on en fait son regard s'illumine; 
Elle s'exalte alors, et^ comme un yieux rentier, 
II semble qu'elle aborde un terrain familier ; 
Est-ce raison ? 

2. Translate into French — 

(a) It is probable that there existed in. Ionia 

schools or fraternities of epic poets, who composed 

heroic lays, and recited them on the occasion 

of great public festivals. The origin of these 

,y Google 


recitations must be sought in Northern Oreeoey 
from whence the art migrated in early days to 
Asia Minor. We may assume that these bards 
or minstrels became popular in many parts of 
Oreece, and that they wandered from court to 
court glorifying the heroic ancestors of the Tarioos 
chie&. One of these bards, called Homer, was 
endowed with a genius superior to the rest, and 
infented a plot capable of nobler and larger 
treatment. It is likely that this superiority was 
not recognized at the time, and that he remained 
all his life a singer like all the others, a wander- 
ingminstrel, possibly poor and blind. The home 
of Homer seems to have been near Smyrna. 
(b) At length the last day came. In a few hours 
we were to sight Australia. Books were packed 
away, and preparations made to leave the ship. 
My last reading was '^ Oedipus Colpneus" the 
most majestic of all the Greek plays. Among 
the Australians there would be no Sophocles, yet 
whatever has come out of man has its roots in 
man's nature, and if progress is not a dream, who 
can say that intellectual greatness is not within 
reach of a people whose national life is still in its 
8. Translate— 

II y va de bonne foi. 

Rien ne lui coiite. 

II se forge des chimdres. 

Nous I'avons ^chapp^ belle. 

Comme il fait chaud ici ! 

EUe a manqu6 de tomber. 

Je ne voudrais pas vous d^ranger. 

II me tarde de vous voir. 

Vous y faites trop de fiEiQons. 

Pas k pas on va loin. 

,y Google 


4. (a) Write in the feminine plural: — ^Yieux, sees, 

vertueux, bref^ eux. 

{b) Form adverbs from the following adjectives : — 
vrai, curieux^ franc^ prudent, ^16gant. 

(c) Write down both participles of— Vivre, fidre, 
lire, ^crire^ boire. 

5. (a) Give the reason for the use of the subjunctive 

in each of these sentences: — 

Nous regrettons qu'il soit parti. H &ut que 
vous sortiez demaiu. Je desire que ton frere 
r^ussisse, mais je doute fort qu'il parvienne k son 

(J) Give the reason for the concord of the participle 
in each of the following sentences : — 

Les ^Idves que j'ai vus dessiner. Elle s'^tait 
propos^e comme directrice. Ges dames se sont 
propose une partie de plaisir. Les maisons 
qu'il a fait construire. 

6. (a) Give the etymology of the following words: — 

Giel^ jour^ chien, argent^ ami. 

{b) Account, by etymology, for the circumflex 
in — bete, goiit, honn^te, tie, maitre; for the 
feminine gender in — chaleur, voix ; and for the 
masculine gender in — 61oge, chanteur. 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. Translate into German — 

(a) When I am inclined to be serious, I love to 
wander up and down before the tomb of Caius 
Cestius. The Protestant burial ground is there ; 
and most of the little monuments are erected to 
the young; young men of promise, cut o£F when 
on tneir travels, &11 of enthusiasm, iiill of enjoy- 
ment; brides, in the bloom of their beauty, on 
their first journey; or children borne from home 
in search of health. This stone was placed by 
his fellow-travellers, young as himself, who will 
return to the house of his parents without him; 
that, by a husband or a father, now in his native 
country. His heart is buried in that grave. It 
is a quiet and sheltered nook, covered in the 
winter with violets; and the Pyramid that over- 
shadows it, gives it a classical and singularly 
solemn air. You feel an interest there, a sym- 
pathy you were not prepared for. You are 
yourself in a foreign land ; and they are for the 
most part your countrymen. They call upon 
you in your mother-tongue — in English — in 
words unknown to a native, known only to 
yourselves: and the tomb of Cestius, that old 
majestic pile, has this also in common with 
them. It is itself a stranger, among strangers. 
It has stood there till the language spoken 
round about it has changed; and the shepherd, 
born at the foot, can read its inscription no 
longer. — Rogers. 



(J) It was on the day, or rather night, of the 27th 
of June, 1787, between the hours of eleven and 
twelve, that I wrote the last lines of the last 
page in a summer-house in my garden. After 
laying down my pen, I took several turns in a 
berceau, or covered walk, of acacias, which com- 
mands a prospect of the country, the lake, and 
the mountains. The air was temperate, the sky 
was serene, the silver orb of the moon was re- 
flected from the waters, and all nature was 
silent. I will not dissemble the first emotions 
of joy on the recovery of my freedom^ and per- 
haps the establishment of my fame. But my 
pride was soon humbled, and a sober melancholy 
was spread over my mind, by the idea that I had 
taken an everlasting leave of an old and agreeable 
companion; and that, whatsoever might be the 
future fate of my history, the life of the historian 
must be short and precarious. — Gibbon. 

2. Translate into English — 

(a) TJnd nun kamen Weihnachtskerzen und aller- 
hand Gutes dazu aus der lieben fernen Heimat. 
Nun feierten wir ein Weihnachten mit so dank- 
baren Gefiihlen, wie wir's noch nie begingen. 

" Was war denn das ?" fragte jetzt einer der 
Soldaten, stand auf^ trat ans Fenster und 
forschte. Er kam zuriick. 

^* Ich musz mich geirrt haben, aber mir war's^ 
als wenn drauszen Jemand stohnte." 

*' Das ist der Wind, der von dem Felsenneste 

" Jetzt wieder — ich wette darauf " 


•'Er ging zur Thlir hinaus — er hatte recht 
lirehort — denn er kam mit einem halberfrorenen 
MadcheD, welches sich, so weit es ihr die schwa- 
cben KrSfte gestatteten, straubte, ihm zu folgen, 
in das Zimmer. Ein Madchen, ich sage Euch 
Kinder, so schon ! Wir sprangen auf, umringten 
sie und endlich gelang es uns, sie zu bewegen, 
einen warmen Trunk von uns anzunehmen. Als 
ihre Lebensgeister mehr und mehr erwachten, 
begann sie zu weinen und zu schluchzen — wir 
fragten, fragten wieder^ ohne eine Antwort zu 
erhalten, denn das arme Kind konnte nicht ein 
Wort Deutsch." 

(b) '*So nimm mich bin, ich kann ja nicht von 
Dir lassen," fliisterte sie, "es ware mein Tod, 
Dir entsagen zu miissen." 

Er kiiszte ihr die Worte von den Lippen und 
die Thranen von ihren Wangen, und halb jubelnd, 
halb weinend driickte sie ihn fester an das sttir- 
misch pochende Herz. 

Sie blieben lange in Schweigen versunken^ 
berauscht von ihrem Gliick lieszen sie nur die 
Augen reden, die ja Alles sagten^ was sie einander 
zu sagen batten. 

" Nun ^hle ich wieder eine Armee in meiner 
Faust," nahm Wolfgang endlich au^auchzend 
das Wort, "nun will ich schaffen rastlos und 
unverdrossen, bis ich uns das Nest banen kann.*^ 

"Und ich will Dir helfen, Geliebter, so gut 
ich es vermag/' sagte sie, " ich babe mir auch 
etwas erspart, es ist nicht viel, aber ein Tropfen 
kommt zum andem, und viele Bache bilden einen 

" Arbeiten soUst Du nun nicht mehr — " 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 


*' Halt, das ware Thorheit ! So reich sind wit 
noch nicht, und MiisziggaDg ist mir verhaszt! 
Lasz mich meinen Weg welter gehen, bis wir das 
Ziel erreicht haben. Was wiirden die Lente 
sagen, wollte ich nun die Hande in den Schooss 
legen und mich yon Dir ernahren lassen ?" 

(c) Wenn du willst in Menschenherzen 
AUe Saiten riihren an ; 
Stimme du den Ton der Schmerzen, 
Nicht den Klang der Freuden an. 
Mancher ist wohl, der erfabren 
Hat auf Erden keine Lust; 
Keiner, der nicht still bewabren 
Wird ein Web in seiner Brust. — ^RtOKERT. 

3. Write in German a short letter to a friend, dealing 

with any German books you know. 

{Two sheets mil be considered sufficiently long). 

4. Give German for these sentences: — 

They have had it done. 

Do not bet lest you may lose your money. 

I was convinced that I was right. 

you ought to have sung your song. 

Vienna is said to be a very handsome city. 

You should make a long stay in Sydney. 

They will travel second class in the express. 

How do you spend Sunday? 

That does not matter to you, sir. 

Do you take tea or coffee at breakfast ? 

I should rather have a glass of milk, if you 

,y Google 


b. Give the meaiung of the following words, and 
show how they are formed: — AbDeigung*, Ein- 
schlafeningy Grossherzigkeit^ Kraftlosigkeit, 

6. Form short sentences, showings — 

(a) Which of the following verbs arq separable : — 
aufstehen, erhalten, fortfahren, vollbringen, 

(b) What prepositions are used with the verbs : — 
denken, erinnern, iragen, sich fiirchten, spotten. 

7. Conjugate the present, imperfect and future indica- 

tive of the verb sich ergeben. 

8. Show how the gender of German nouns can be 

determined by their termination. 

S. Parse every word in these lines of Heine — 
" Der Brief, den du geschrieben 
Er macht mich gar nicht bang." 


Board E. 

1. State the law of multiple proportions. Show that 
the law is exemplified by the following facts : — 
There are three oxides of phosphorus, and these 
contain respectively 56-36, 49*20, and 43-66 

,y Google 


per cent, of phosphorus. [The truth of the 
atomic theory must not be assumed in answering 
this question.] 

2. The composition of ethylene (defiant gas) is ac- 

curately expressed by the formula CHg,- but 
this is not its correct formula. Why not ? 
Explain your answer fully. 

3. Explain the theory of the neutralization of ammonia 

solution by an acid. 

4. What is silica ? How does it occur in nature ? 

And how may it be converted into a soluble 
silicate ? 

5. Describe the chief compounds of silver, and give 

their names and formulae. 

6. What are the chief ingredients of coal-gas ? De- 

scribe their properties. Explain the principle of 
the Bunsen burner. 

7. Name the chief ore of each of the following metals, 

and give a brief account of one method by which 
each metal mav be extracted: — (a) tin, (b) 
mercury, {c) lead. 



Board E. 

1. Distinguish between Linear and Angular Velocity ; 

and calculate the angular velocity of the earth's 
diurnal rotation in seconds of arc per second of 

2. What do you understand by the terms '^ pressure at 

a point," "total pressure on a surface?" 

Find the total pressure on the inner surfistoe of 
a cylinder 2 feet in diameter, and 1 foot high, 
filled with, oxygen gas under a pressure of 5 
atmospheres (1 atmosphere =15 pounds weight 
per square inch). 

3. State the principle of the Conservation of Energy, and 

apply it to determine the mechanical advantage 
of a lever with its fulcrum at one end, and the 
weight between the power and the iiilcrum. 

What do you mean by the efficiency of (a) 
a simple machine, (b) a steam-engine, including 
boiler and furnaces? 

4. '' The volume of a given mass of gas is inversely 

proportional to the pressure exerted upon it. ' 
How then would you give precision to the term 
" coefficient of expansion," as applied to a gas ? 
Why does this ambiguity not arise in connexion 
with the coefficient of expansion of a metal ? 

5. Distinguish between the Conduction and Radiation 

of Heat. 



The heat transmitted per second through a 
square slah of iron 1 centimetre thick, and 100 
centimetres in the edge, whose sides are kept at 
a difference of temperature of 100° centigrade, 
would boil 191 grammes of water initially at 
a temperature of 100° centigrade; the Latent 
Heat of 1 gramme of steam being 637, find the 
specific conductivity of iron. 

6. Calculate the heat generated in stopping an engine 

weighing 30,000 kilogrammes, and moving 
with an initial velocity of 36 kilometres per 
hour, the mechanical equivalent of heat being 

Would the result be affected by the train being 
stopped rapidly or more slowly ? Give reasons 
for your answer. 

7. State the Laws of Static Electrical Action, and 

determine the direction and magnitude of the 
force exerted between two small spheres, each 
charged with 5 units of positive electrification, 
and placed 10 centimetres apart. 

8. What is the magnetic declination, and how does it 

vary with geographical position? 

9. Give an account of the principles on which the use 

of Wheatstone^s Bridge depends. 


The Board of Examiners, 

ZUustrate yonx answers by as many diagrams as possible. 

1. What constitutes the income and the expenditure 

of the Human Body ? 

Is there any Balance on either credit or debit 
side, or is there an exact neutralization in (1) 
adult healthy life, (2) infancy, (3) old age ? 

2. What is known of the localization of functions to 

special portions of the Brain ? 

3. Describe the minute structures of Bone and striated 

Muscle, with the mode of development and func- 
tions of each. 

4. To what extent is the Respiration of Fishes and of 

Mammals similar^ and to what extent dissimilar. 
How is it affected by the Body Temperature in 
each case ? 

The Board of Exammers. 

All answers mnst be illustrated by ronflrli sketolies. 
Question 9 mnst be answered. 

1. Describe the life-history of a fern. 

2. Why are Yeast, Bacillus, and Protococcus respec- 

tively considered to be plants? Point out the 
structures and functions they possess which are 
characteristic of plants. 

,y Google 


3. Describe the characteristic features and distribation 

of the following natural orders: — Myrtaee<B^ 
Epacriday Graminete, DroseracecR^ Orchidacea. 

4. Describe and compare sections cut across the stems 

of a fern and flowering plant. 

5. Describe careiuUv the structure of the stem and 

growing point in Ghara. 

6. What ai*e the nutritive parts of a plant? Give an 

account of the various processes carried on in 
them in a flowering plant. 

7. What do you understand by the following terms, 

illustrating your answer by reference to particular 
examples: — Cotyledon, vernation, thalamifloral, 
glume, epigynous^ drupe, sorus, aestivation ? 

8. Write down any of the accepted classifications of 


9. Dissect, name, and describe the different parts of 

the specimen provided, assigning it to its natural 
order. Sketch the different parts, and draw a 
floral diagram. 

RoBT a Bbain, Gofemmeot Printer, Melbourne. 

,y Google 





gf^^gl 'T' 

,y Google 

Digitized by Google 

,y Google 









1892. P *» 

,y Google 

1 -Ctl 


lt><J • 

,y Google 


AjsmruAL Examinatiov — Page 

Greek.— Part L— (Translation) ... ...1,255 

Latin.— Part L— (Translation) ... ...4,258 

Greek.— Part II.— (Translation) ... ... 8, 261 

Latin.— Part II.— (Translation) ... 13, 265 

Greek.— Part L— (Composition) ... 18,270 

Latin.— Part I.— (CJomposition) ... 1 8, 27 1 

Greek.— Part n—(Ck)mpo8ition) ... 19,272 

Latin.— Part 11.— (CJomposition) ... 20, 272 

English Language and Literature. — ^Part I. 21, 273 

English Language and Literature.— Part IL 24, 276 

Prench Language and Literature ... 26, 278 

G^erman Language and Literature ... ... 33 

ComparatiTe Philology ... ... 38,285 

Mixed Mathematics.— Part L ... ... 40, 286 

Mixed Mathematics.— Part II. . . . ... 43, 288 

Mixed Mathematics.— Part III. ... 45,289 

Pure Mathematics.— Part I. ... ... 47,290 

Pure Mathematics.— Part n. ... ... 49,292 

Pure Mathematics.— Part m. ... ... 51,294 

Physical Geology and Mineralogy ... 54, 296 

Stratigraphical Geology and Paleontology 56, 297 

DeductiTe Logic ... ... ... 57, 299 

Inductiye Logic ... ... 59, 801 

Mental Philosophy.— (2nd Year) ... 61,302 

Mental Philosophy.- (3rd Year) ... 62, 303 

Moral Philosophy 68,305 

Natural Philosophy.— Part I. . . . ... 65, 806 

Natural Philosophy.— Part 11 67, 308 

,y Google 



Annual Examination— conftnu^ti — Page 

Natural Philosophy.— Part n.— (Practical) 69, 310 

Natural Philospphy.—P^rt nL ... ... 70 

Natural Philosophy .—Part m.— (Practical) ... 72 

Astronomy .«. ... ... ... ... 73 

Ancient History ... .. ... 74, 313 

History of the British Empire.— Part I. 75, 314 

History of the British Empire.— Part II. 77, 316 

Political Economy ... ... ... 78,317 

The Fundamental Laws of Expression, and the 

Interpretation of Specified Works ... 80, 318 

Harmony ... ... ... ... 85, 319 

Counterpoint ... ... ... 91, 322 

Form and Analysis ... ... ... 95,324 

.Esthetics of Music ... ... ... 96,325 

Jurisprudence ... ... ... 97, 326 

Roman Law ... ... ... ... 98, 327 

Constitutional and Legal History ... 99, 328 

International Law ... ... ... 101,329 

The Law of Property ... ... ... 102, 331 

The Law of Obligations ... ... 106> 335 

The Law of Wrongs ... ... ... ... 108 

The Law of Procedure ... ... ... Ill 

Applied Mechanics ... ... ... 113,337 

Practical Mensuration ... ... 115, 338 

Mechanical Drawing and Descriptive Geometry 118, 339 

Drawing and Quantity Surveying ... 119,339 

Advanced Surveying ... ... ... 119, 340 

Surveying and Levelling ... .•• 121,341 

Civil Engineering.— Part I. ... ... 1 23, 342 

avil Enginieering.— Part IL ... ... 124,843 

Mechanical Engineering ... ... 125, 344 

Hydraulic and Samtary;;Engineering ... 126,345 

Mining ... ... ... ... 127, 346 

MetaUurgy 129, 348 

,y Google 

Ajxkual Examination — continued-^ tH» 

Physiology ... ... ... ... 129, 848 

Physiological Chemistry and Histology ... 181, 849 

Pathology 132, 850 

Junior Descriptiye and Surgical Anatomy 132, 851 

Senior Descriptiye and Surgical Anatomy 183, 851 

Regional and Applied Anatomy ... 184, 852 

Biology.— Part I.— First Paper ... 185, 853 

Biology.— Part I.— (Practical) 136, 354 

Biology.— Part III.— First Paper ... 136, 365 

Biology.— Part ni.— Second Paper ... 137,356 

Biology.— Part III.— Third Paper ... 138,357 

Biology.— Part III.— (Practical)— First Day ... 139 
Biology.— Part nX— (Practical)— Second Day ... 140 
Biology.— Part III.— (Laboratory Work)— First 

Paper ... ... ... ... ... 858 

Biology.— Part III.— (Laboratory Work)— Second 

Paper ... ... ... ... ... 858 

Chemistry.— Part L ... ... ... 140,859 

Chemistry.— Part I. (Laboratory Work) 141, 361 

Chemistry.- Part m. ... ... ... 142 

Technical Chemistry ... ... ... ... 143 

Materia Medica, Medical Botany, and Elementary 

Therapeutics ... ... ... 148, 361 

Therapeutics, Dietetics, and Hygiene.— Paper I. 144, 362 
Therapeutics, Dietetics, and Hygiene. — Paper II. 145, 363 
Surgery ... ... ... ... 145, 363 

Obstetrics luid Diseases of Women and Children 146, 364 
Theory and Practice of Medicine ... 147, 865 

Forensic Medicine and Psychological Medicine 148, 866 

Wtbblabkib Soholasship Examination — 

Political Economy. — Paper No, 1 ,.. ... 368 

Political Economy. — Paper No. 2 ... ... 369 

Political Economy.— Paper No. 3 .. ... 870 

,y Google 

fl C0KTSK1«. 


Greek.— Part L—(Tfaiifllation) ... ... 149 

Latin.— Fart L— (Translation) ... ... 153 

Greek.— Part n.— (Translation) ... ... 167 

Latin.— Part IL— (Translation) ... ... 161 

Greek.— Part L—(Ck>mpo6ition) ... ... 166 

Latin.— Part L— ((Composition) ... ... 168 

Greek.— Part n.— (Composition) ... ... 169 

Latin.— Part U.—(Ck>mpositlon) ... ... 170 

English Language and Literature. — Part L ... 172 

English Language and Literature. — ^Part n. ... 175 

French Language and Literature ... ... 177 

German Language and Literature ... ... 183 

Afized Mathematics.— Part L— Second Paper ... 188 

Mixed Mathematics.— Part IL— Second Paper ... 191 

Pure Mathematics.— Part I.— First Paper ... 194 

Pure Mathematics.— Part L — Second Paper ... 197 

Pure Mathematics.— Part IL— Second Paper ... 200 

Physical Greology and Mineralogy. — Second Paper 203 

Deductiye Logic. — Paper No. 2 ... ... 205 

Inductiye Logic— Paper No. 2 ... ... 206 

Mental Philosophy.- (2nd Year.)— Paper No. 2 . . . 208 

Natural Philosophy.— Part I.— Second Paper ... 209 

Natural Philosophy.— Part n.— Second Paper ... 210 

Natural Philosophy.— Part n.— (Practical) ... 212 

Ancient History. — Second Paper ... ... 213 

Historyof the British Empire.— Parti.... ... 214 

The Fundamental Laws of Expression, and the 

Interpretation of Specified Works ... ... 216 

Form and Analysis ... ... ... ... 216 

iBsthetics of Music ... ... ... ... 217 

Jurisprudence ... ... ... ... 218 

Roman Law... ... ... ... ... 220 

(Constitutional and Legal History.— (Special) ... 221 

The Law of Property ... ... ... ... 223 

,y Google 



The Law of Obligations ... ... ... 229 

Applied Mechanics ... ... ... ... 232 

Practical Mensuration ... ... ... 233 

Mechanical Drawing and Descriptiye Geometry ... 236 

Drawing and Quantity Surreying ... ... 235 

Adyanced Surveying ... ... ... ... 236 

Surreying and Leyelling ... ... ... 238 

Ciyil Engmeering.— Part I. ... ... .. 238 

Physiology ... ... ... ... ... 239 

Physiological Chemistry and Histology ... 240 

Junior Descriptiye and Surgical Anatomy ... 241 

Senior Descriptiye and Surgical Anatomy ... 24 1 

Regional and Applied Anatomy ... ... 242 

Pathology ... ... ... ... ... 243 

Materia Medica, Medical Botany, and Elementary 

Therapeutics ... ... ... ... 244 

Therapeutics, Dietetics, and Hygiene.—Paper I. . . . 246 

Therapeutics, Dietetics, and Hygiene.— Paper II. 246 

Biology.— Part I. ... ... ... ... 246 

Biology.— Part I.— (Practical) ... ... 247 

Biology.— Part II.— First Paper ... 248 

Biology.— Part n.— Second Paper ... 249 

Biology.— Part H.— (Practical)— First Day ... 250 

Biology .-Part II.— (Practical)— Second Day 26 1 

Chemistry.— Part I. ... ... ... 251 

Chemistry.— Part II. ... ... ... ... 262 

Examination for Militabt Ca tship — 

Geometrical Drawing ... ... ... ... 253 

,y Google 

,y Google 


OCTOBER, 1891, 




Professor Tucker and Mr. Tuhhe. 

Translate, with brief marginal notes where you 
think them desirable — 

(a) vfiv^dovg re KSpag 

^Xvdcv ernreplav eq avXav, 
ypvfftov TTcraXwv cnrb fiiiKo<fi6piitv 
\tp\ Kapnrov afjiip^uty^ 
hpcucovra Tvpadvatrovy oar AirXoroi' 
a/i^eXcicroc tKiK e<t>povp€if 
KTavwy' wovriac ff iXoc fiv^ovg 
£itre(iaiy€y OyardiQ 
yaXayeiac rideiQ kperixoiQ* 
ohpayov ff wro fxiaaay 
iXavyei X'^P^^ (shpav, 


,y Google 

"ArXai'roc ^6fiov cXOwv* 
iurrpiiyn'ovs ti icarco^cv oi- 
KCVQ ihavoplq. dtwv* 
Tov hnrevrav t *Afiai6vwy arparoy 
Mai&riy iL/jupl noXvirSTafjioy 
e/3a ^c "Ev^eivoy dlifia \lfjLvcf,Qf 
riv ovK a^* 'EXXaWac 
6.yopoy &\itras ^/Xoik. 

(J) ol>x ovTOc o Ai6gf oc tLkv eicrBiviv ttotb 

iafAaprd r'j oh y^c TTJaB^ airoipdapii(T€Tat', 
KexXrifJiiyt^ M iftwri fxaKapi^ vore 
al /x€ra/3o\ac Xwrfpov' ^ ^* ael KaK&c 
toTy oh^ey aXyei avyyeyws ivtrrrfyoc &y* 
iiQ TOVTO 2* rj^eiy trvfjupopaQ olfial wore* 
i^iayijy yap ^trti \d(ify aireyyiirovtra fie 
fiij diyydyeiy y^c> Kal daXaatra fiij jrepdy 
miyai jt vorafiwVy Kai tov hpnariiXaToy 
*Iiioy ey ^eafxoiaiy eKfjufififfOfxai, 
Kal ravT Apitrra ^jj^cV 'EXX^i'wv fi opdy, 
' kv olaiy eifTv\ovyT€Q JI/jliv oXflioi. 
tL hffra fiE (fjv del} ri Kepiog Hofiey 
fiioToy dypeloy ayotrioy KeKTrjfjLevoiy 
')(OpeveTio dil ZriyoQ ^ KXetyrl tdfiap 
Kpovovtr ^OXvfjLirov ^oy itpfivXy iredoy' 
enpa^e yap ^vXri<ny ^v e/iovXerOy 
6.ylp 'EXXa^oc roy irputroy avroitriy (iddpoic 
6.yia KCLTW (TTpi\pa(Ta. 

(6) KarafxaQiiiy de tnro r&y Avffdydpov (filXwy kutu^ 
aratnaiofjLeyoQy oh fxSyoy InrpodvfiwQ vmjpeTOvy- 
Tbjyy aXXa Kal diadpoovyrwy ey raic iroXeaiy &ri 
AaKtdai/jLoyioi /jLeyierra vapaviirTOiey ey r^ ^toXXar- 
re^y rovg yavap\ovg, woXXcucic ayeirtrfjdelwy yiyvo- 
fieytjjy Kal fiprt (rvyiiynay ra yavrtKO. Kal dydpunroiQ 
ufQ ')(pri(rTeoy oh yiyytoaKSyrwyy anelpovQ de OaXainjc 
vefAiroyreQ Kal ayyufras toIq tKel KiyZwevoiiy ri 

,y Google 


vadelv dia tovto, sk tovtov ^€ 6 KaXKucpari^aQ airy' 
ica\i<rac tovq AaKedai/Jiotuaty eKei vapdrrag eXeyev 
avToTg TOidde' 

'£/xoc /jLev apicel oIkoi fiiyeiVy Koi e*iT€ Avtravipog 
eiTE aXXoc Tig ifjnreipOTepoQ irepl ra vdwiKa fiovXerai 
civat, ov KijXvb} TO KaT kfxi' kyu) S' virb Tfje ttoXcgic 
ivi Tag vavg 7refJL<pOeig ohic exut ti aXKo iroiw rj to. 
KeXevo/Jieva wg av ^vviOfjLai Kpariara, 

(d) 01 ^f iroXXoi T€ ij^ri ovreg Kal iravrohairoX 
^vrXa kiroiOvvTO, ol fiey ^vXivaf oi Be oltrvivay Kal 
ravra eXevKOvvTO. irplv Be fffxepag deKa yevetxQai^ 
nrierra BovTeg, otriveg avfXTroXefiiiffeiaVf koI ei ^evoi 
elev, ItroTeXeiav effetrOaiy k^^etrav iroXXoi fxey oxXtroi, 
9roXXo£ Be yvfjLvfJTeg' kyevovro Bi avrolg Kal irnnlg 
iftrel ejoBofxriKoyTa' irpovo/jLcig Be iroiovfievoi Kal Xa/x- 
fiavovreg ^vXa Kal OTrwpav eKoBevBov TrdXtv kv 
TLeipaiei, twv B^ kx tov acneog SXXoc fJiev ovBelg 
tnjv &irXoig k^yei, oi Be iinrelg ecrriv Ste koI Xytrrag 
kxeipovvTO Tdv eK TLeipaiGtgy Kal tyiv ^aXayya avriav 
eKaKovpyovv, Tepiervxov Be Kal twv Ai^u>veu)v ritrly 
eig Tovg avTwy aypovg eirl ra kiriTriBeia iropevofieyoig' 

2. Parse trjUarjiy dvcTrraro, eyKpiyauy, e(l>Orj, it epie\eiT0f 

TreiySjyTi T&yBpeg. 

3. Explain the terms and phrases — 

iig eKaaroi Ijvoiyoy — yeoBaiJL6}Brig — ij BuofteXla — 
v^eg BiKpoToi — trvKOfftayria — <pOiyfia B Borioy e*i')(opiey-' 
vvfju^ag iJKpoOiyia^OfJLTjy — ^aprwy yevog. 

4. State the geographical position of KvicXoiTr/a TrdXtc — 

Peneus — Cyzicus — Arginusae — Deceleia. 

6. Explain the syntax of the words underlined in — 
{a) trarrip Be iraTpog ean^ yafxovg oBcy 
"AiBrjy yofii^ijy 'jreyOep6yf KfjBog iriKpoy. 

B 2 

,y Google 


(b) 6 Si Kavitv ohK iiaerai 

waliag owe m«r' ivaipWy vplv hv efjirjc Xvgffiyc ^g* 

6. Translate the following passage :-^ 

"Ay^pEQ, €0jy, ^/\oc, 6 /xcr irorafioQ fifxir irapaxe* 
\wp'ni:€ rfjc eIq 7t)i' ttoXiv o^ov* ^/icic 2c OafipovvreQ, 
£l<rlu)fjiev dfj firiiiv ^ofiovixtvoi eiaw, ivvoovfjLeyoi ori 
ovTOif £0* ovQ vvv iropevaS/jLeOa, eKeivol eiaiy ovc 
ftfiEiQ Kai avfxfia^ovg irpOQ kavroflg e')(pvrae Koi 
iyprjyoporac aTrayrac Kal e^dtvXiafjiivovQ koi (Tvit- 
erayfieyovc iviKwfJiev' vvv ^ sir* ahrouQ "ifuv kv 
f TToWoi fitv airrwv KaSev^ovffif iroWol 5* avr&v 
fjiedvovffif Ttavrec 8' aavvraicTol eiaiv* Srav ^i Kai 
ai(rdit)vrai fi/JLag ev^ov ovrac, ttoXv en fxaXKov rj vvv 
a')(pt1oi eaovrai vtto tov i*nr£7rX^6a£. El Be tiq 
rovTO Ivvoeirai o 2^ Xcytrat <^o^epov tlvai role c«c 
TToKiv tlaioVin, fArj iirl ra Teyi) avaflavrec paXXtaaiv 
evOev Kal evOevy rovro fiaXifrra Oaj^pelre' tiv yap 
avaftSttrl Tivec iirl rag ohlaQf e^Ofxev <rvjuLfiaxov 
deov "KiftaioTOV. 

Professor Tucker and Mr, Tuhhs. 

1. Translate^ with brief marginal notes explaining 
allusions and syntactical difficulties — 

(a) Multos eum invidos inter populares habere, 
inde existimatu facile esse, quod nemo civis 
Nolanus sibi indicaverit, quam multa eius egre- 
gia facinora militaria essent; sed qui in Romanis 
militaverit castris, non posse obscuram eius vir- 
tutem esse. Multos sibi, qui cum eo stipendia 

,y Google 


fecerint, referre, qui yit esset ille, qu&eque et 
mioties pericula pro salute ao dignitate populi 
Bomani adisset, utique Cannensi proelio non 
prius pugna abstiterit, quam prope exsauguis 
raina superincidentium yirorum equornm armo« 
mmque sit oppressus. ^'Itaque macte yirtnte 
esto inquit. *^ Apud me tibi omnis hones atque 
bmne praemium eritj et quo frequentior mecum 
fueris^ sen ties earn rem tibi dignitati atque emolu- 
men to esse." Laetoque iuveni promissis equum 
fliximium done dat bigatosque Quingentos quae- 
storem numerare iubet; lictoriDus imperat, ut 
eum se adire^ quoties yelit, patiantnr. 

(&) Mare arsiteo anno; ad Sinuessam bos eculeum 
peperit; si^a Lanuvii ad lunonis Sospitae cruore 
manavere, lapidibasque circa id templum pluit, 
ob quem imbrem noyendiale, ut assolet, sacrum 
fiiit; ceteraque prodigia cum cura expiata. 
CoDSules exercitus inter sese diviserunt. Fabio 
exercitus Teani^ cui M. lunins dictator praefuerat, 
evenit; Sempronio Yolones, qui ibi erant, et 
sociorum viginti quinque milia, M. Valerio prae- 
tori legionesy quae ex Sicilia redissent, decretae; 
H. Claudius pro consule ad eum exercitum, qui 
supra Suessulam No] ae praesideret, missus; prae- 
tores in Siciliam ac Sardiniam profecti. Consules 
edixerunt, quoties in senatum vocassent, uti sena* 
tores, quibusque in senatu dicere sententiam 
liceret, ad portam Capenam convenirent. Prae- 
tores, quorum iurisdictio erat, tribunalia ad Pis- 
cinam publicam posuerunt; eo yadimonia fieri 
iusserunt, ibique eo anno ius dictum est. 

{e) Ipsa deum fertur genetrix Berecjutia magntim 
Vocibus his affata loyem: '^ Da, nate, petenti; 
Quod tua cara parens domito te poscit Olympo. 

,y Google 


Pinea silya mihi multos dilecta per annos 
Lucus in arce fuit summa, quo sacra ferebant, 
Migrant! picea trabibusque obscurus acemis: 
Has ego Dardanio iuveni, cum classis egeret^ 
Laeta dedi ; nunc sollicitam timer anxius urget. 
Solve metus^ atque hoc precibus sine posse 

Ne cnrsu quassatae ullo neu turbine venti 
Vincantur: prosit nostris in montibus ortas.'^ 
Filius huic contra, torquet qui sidera mundi : 
" genetrix, quo fata vocas ? aut quid petis 

Mortaline manu factae immortale carinae 
Fas habeant ? certusque incerta pericuia lustret 
Aeneas ? cui tanta deo permissa potestas ? 

(d) " Non pudet obsidione iterum valloque teneri, 
Bis capti Phryges, et Marti praetendere muros ? 
En qui nostra sibi bello conubia poscunt! 
Quis deus Italiam, quae vos dementia adegit ? 
Non hie Atridae, nee fandi fictor Ulixes. 

(e) formose puer, nimium ne crede coioril 
Alba ligustra cadunt, vaccinia nigra leguntur. 
Despectus tibi sum, nee qui sim quaeris, Alexi ; 
Quam dives pecoris, nivei quam lactis abundans. 
Mille meae Siculis errant in montibus agnae; 
Lac mihi non aestate novum, non frigore defit. 
Canto, quae solitus, si quando armenta vocabat, 
Amphion Dircaeus in Actaeo Aracyntho. 

Nee sum adeo informis; nuper me in litore vidi, 
Cum placidum ventis staret mare; non ego 

Judice tO; metuam^ si numquam fallat imago. 

2. Explain — ius fasque — volones — vineae cuniculique 
— triumviri mensarii — spolia opima— conducere 
praebenda — Saturnia regna — peculium. 

,y Google 


3. Parse^-deditiSy norim, coactus, ▼elitam, creti, 

Bubstitisset; admittier. 

4. Give the exact English of— obnoxius, obtinere, 

censor, vetustissimus, benigne conferre, contiiia« 
are opera. 

5. Turn into oratis recta — 

Ipsorum quam Hannibalis magis interesse, 
capta an tradita Nola poteretur : potiturum enim, 
nt Capua Nuceriaque potitus esset: sed quid 
inter Capuae ac Nuceriae fortunam interesset, 
ipsos props io medio sitos Nolanos scire. 

6. Give an outline sketch of Southern Italy and mark 

the positions of Capua, Cumae, Nola, Neapolis^ 
Ilhegium, Locri, Tarentum, Cannae. 

7. Translate the following passage : — 

Nunc iam nihil est, quod populus a delectis 
principibusque dissentiat, nee nagitat rem ullam, 
neque novarum rerum est cupidus, et otio sno et 
dignitate optimi cuiusque et universae rei publicae 
gloria delectatur: itaque homines seditiosi ao 
turbulenti, quia nulla iam largitione populum 
Bomanum concitare possunt, (quod plebs per- 
fiincta gravissimis seditionibus ac discordiis otium 
amplexaiur), conductas habent contiones. Neque 
id agunt ut ea dicant ant ferant, quae illi velint 
audire,. qui in contione sunt, sed pretio ac mer- 
cede pemciunt, ut, quicquid dicunt, id illi velle 
audire videantur. Num vos existimatis Gracchos 
aut Satuminum aut quemquam illorum veterum, 
qui populares habebantur, uUum umquam in 
contione habuisse conductum? Nemo habuit. 

,y Google 



ProfeMMT Tucker and Mr. Tubbs. 

1. Translate, with brief marginal notes expldning^ 
allusions and difficulties of syntax: — 

(a) Koi r6d* fiyefiiity 6 irpEfffivg vewv *Ayaiix&v^ \ 

fiavriv ovTira \piyioVy I 

efiiraioiQ Tv\aifft ffvfnrviwvy'-^ I 

tSr iLTXolif. Ktvayyei ^npvvovr* *A\auKiQ Xciirc ' 

XaXiciSoc Tripay €\iav ^ 

iraKtpp6')(6oic er AvXl^og roiroiCj 

vroal 3* airo ^pvaorog fioXovorai ' 

KWcSirxpXoi yiitmdeQ dvaop/xoi i 

fipoTwv &Kaiy I 

vtSiv TE Ka\ ireiir/xaTiitv iu^ei^etCf I 

iraXifjLfiiiKri 'xpdvoy ridelirai 
rplfi^ KaTe^atyov &ydoc *Apy€itay* 
iirel Sc Kal wiKpov 
ytifJUiTOQ 6,\Xo fi^x^ 
ppidvrepoy irpofiouny 
fiayrig eicXay^ev, irpot^ipiay 
"ApTEfiiyf &€rTt xdSya ^wcrpoiQ eirucpovirayTag 

hoKpv fjLTl icaroffxe*V— 
&yai C 6 7rpc0'/3vc r6^ elve t^yHy* 
^^Bapeia fiey Krip to fi^ iriQiaOaC 

(ft) ti^fifioy ifJiop oh rrpiwei KaicayyiX^ 
yXinrir^ fnaiyeiy* x^^( ^ ^W ^^^^» 
Sray 5' direvicra triifiar* &yyeXoc irdXei 
orvyy^ npotrum^ TrroKrlfJiov arparov 
ir6XBi fikv eXkoq cv to (tijfjiioy Tvyeiyf 
moXXovc he voXXwy iiayurSeyras hSfimy 
ApSpac iarXy fiauTLyiy n^r "Apitiq i^iKel, 

,y Google 

i'lilST PASS EXAMINATION, OCT., 1891. 9 

^ikoy\ov &niVy foiviav ^vvw/a/Sa,— 
rocwv^e fjLivTOi rnifiartav iretrayfjtivov 
irpivti Xiytiv vaidra rov5' 'E/mvvwv' 
vtarripibiv Zk irpayfianav ehdyyeXov 
^Koyra irpoQ xaipoverav rfccoroT iroXti'— 
irwc K€^fa TcitQ KaKoiori avfifil^Wy Xiywv 
\tiii&v *Axa*oTc ovK afi^virov Be&v ; 

(^) tKeivoQ fJieVf otrriQ av y irore, apvafra/jLeySc fie 
avry ZeXt^ del f^iptav^ avrl rov rib^c JIv^lov rf 
ApofiwroQ § Tifiiov McyaicX^C V Mcya/Jvfoc fj 
HputTapxoQ fJL€TOvofiaerdeiCf rove fiarriv Ke')(riy6Tac 
tKtivovQ tQ kWifKovQ airoPXiiroyrac KaraXnrify 
aXffOes Ayovrag ro iriydoQf oloc avrovg 6 Bvyroc 
€jc fiv)(pv rfjs tray^yrig hiit^ycy oifK oXlyoy to 
iiXecip Karaviuty. *0 Sc ifjLireffify iLdp6us C£ Ifie 
iareipoKoXoc Kal iraxv^epftog dySpwiroCy eri r^K 
wihriy freil>piKifc Kal el Trapiity ^XAitfc fiaarl^ti nc 
opBwv enpitrrai to oicf i^ol roy fivX&ya &9vep to 
kvoKTOpov vpoeKvy&yf oifK en f^ptifr6q eori to7q 
evTvyyuvovaiv * dXXa rove re eXevBipovg ifipl^ei 
Kal rove ofioBovXove fia<niyo7 carajreipw/JLevoQ el Kal 
avT^ ra roiavTa eEeariyf &xptc o,y q imrorpoiplac 
ewtdvfjififfaQ Ti KoXa^i Trapahovc eavToy Ofiyvovaiyt 
i fiiiv ehfjLopf^oTepoy fiey 'Hipeue eJyai ahroy^ 
evyeyearepoy he tov KeKpovoQ ^ Kohpovy trvyeTW" 
repoy Se rov ^Ohvcaeuts, trXovviurepoy he avyafia 
Kpolerufy EKKaideKaf ey iucapeT rov yjpovov ^QXioq 
eK^etf ra near' oXiyov Ik iroXX^v eiriopKi&y Kal 
hfmayZy Kal Travovpyiwy <rvyeiXeyfieva. 

(d) fi ^eXriyrj he &ypviryog Kal avrfj ircpcepveroi 
^iyovaa to7c K<$f/xd^ov€ri Kal toIq awpl airo rwy 
Seifryuty ewayiovffty. 6 'AwoXXwk re ov iroXvirpay- 
fioya rrly Te\yr)y evayeXofJievoQ oXlyov Be%y ra &ra 
iKKeKw<p*irat wpoe T&y eyoxXovyrioy icuro xpt/av r^c 
fiayriKfitr Kal ^^t fuy airf iy AeX^lc avayKalov 

,y Google 


elvaif fiET oXlyov ^e etc KoXo^wva Oct, KCLKetdey 
elc SEiavQov f(era/3a/vee, koX ZpofiaioQ aidig^ eic r^y 
KXapov, elra eic AfjXoy rj dg Bpayxlhag, Kal 
Skutg evda av fi Trpdfiavrig iriovaa rov iepov 
yd/xaroc xal lUKniaafiivri rrig ^cKJ^yrig Kal Toy 
TpLiroha Btatrei<rafiiyri iceXevy irapeivaif &OKyoy ')(pi^ 
ahrlKa fiaka irapeffrdvai trvyelpoyra rovg 'Xp't^l^ovq^ 
ri o*ix£(rBnl oi rj^r ^o^ay rrig rixyrig* ew yap Xeyeiyj 
6ir6aa eirl weipif. rfjg fiavTiKfjg CTTcrcj^vdivrat ahrf, 
&pyeia Kpia Kal YeXutyag eg to avTO eypovTeg' Aerre 
ei firl Triy plva o^vg Ijyf kclv cnrrjXdey avTov 6 AvSog 

(e) 'Op^g Swtog alBig e^awaT^g fxe Kal oh Xeyeig 
ToXridegy aXX* o*iei Mapylrri ^laXeyeardai Tiyiy tog 
wiOTevaai 6ti '^fidrifjiog dyfjp trvyeTog eTii t6t£ 
yeyovfiiic TeortrapoKoyTa irepl <l>iXo<ro(l>lag Kal 
^iXotrof^iay dyZp&v Tolg thi^Taig eirioTevaey Kal 
icara tcl vv eKeiytoy Xeyofieya lirocctro Ttly atpetriy 
T&y KpeiTTdyioy a^iQy^ oh yap TritTTevffaifil iroi 
ToiavTa XiyoyTU 

'A\X* oTerBa, & AvKlye, oh^l Tolg 6XXoig /xSyoy 
eTrioTevoVy dXXa Kal ifxavT^* ewptay yap avrovg 
KotTfilbtg f^atiZoyTagj iLyaPefiXrifiivovg eharaXwgf 
<l>poyTi^oyTag ael, aj^^eyiairovg, ey wpf Kovplag Tovg 
irXeioTOvg, ohdey h^poy oh^ at irdvv eg to 
hlioupopoy hireptKirlirroyy wg eKirXriKToy eJyai Kal 
KvyiKoy drexydgf AXX* e-jrl tov fieaov KaTatrriifiaTogf 
2^ ApiffTOy &iravTeg eJyai ^aertV. 

2. Parse iXaicecy rcvjcrat, ^p^eyf eifiapydya, dy6aXo7eyf 


3. Who were the followinf^ persons: — Phalaris, 

ChrysippuSy CritioSy Myron, Menippns ? 

,y Google 


4. Comment on the syntax of — 

el navra ^ &*; irpdiriTOifi^ av, evBap<nlQ €y«. 

Xiyw ^i trot 
rotavr' aireiXeiVf wc TrapeaKevaafiivriQ 
€K T&v Ofiolittt' xeipl yiKtitrayr kfiov 

5. Point out exactly what is un-Attic in — 

ri ovy, & '^pfJtfj, SoKei'^ wporidefiEy avrolc iLyopay 
iiKQvj rj diXeig eq vii»yra irapayyeXov/JiBy } 

6. Translate the following passage : — 

rov ^£ avTov ^eifJiCivog oi IJXarot^C^ en yap 
EiroXiopKovyro wro r&y llEkoiroyyriaiioy kol 'RoiiirrQyj 
Eirei^rj rf re alr^ eTriXinSyTi enii^oyTO Kal airo r&y 
*A6riyiay ohdefiia eXvig Ijy rifnaplaQ ohde &XXri 
griifrripla e(l>alyeTO, einjiovXevovaiy avroi re kqX 
*Adriyalitty ol ivfi'TroXiopKov/jLeyoi irpCrroy fjiey frayreg 
eieXdely Kal vTvepfifiyai tcl Tei\ri rwy iroXefJilwyf fjy 
Svywyrai (iiatraffBai, effijytjffafjLeyov rrjy rre^pay 
ahrolg Qeaiyerov re tov ToX/xl^ov ay^pog fiayrewg 
Kal HhTVoinrlZov rov Aa'i/Jid')(pv, og Kal etnpariiyeC 
eireira ol fiey iifjilareig air^KvqtTay Twg roy Kiy^vyoy 
fieyay fiyri<rafJLeyoi, eg de &y^pag liaKoaLovg Kal eiKoai 
fxaXiara eyifjieiyay ry e^d^^ eOeXoyraL 

Additional for Group A only, 
7. Translate, with any necessary notes — 

(a) Kal fjiify "nrre ye rov6', &n f^ovXofieyoi firi^ey* Ayoi- 
yll^etrBai ^iyoy ohK edutKare hirXiog r&y x^P^y^^ 
ohSeyl irpoffKoXeaayTi rovg xopevrag VKOTreiy^ &\X' 
lay fiey KaXiffy, ireyTTjKOvra dpaxjiagy eay M 
KadiieaBai KeXevcry, xiXlag airoTlyeiy era^arB* 

,y Google 


rlvog evcKa; 6inog fiif rov iarei^avtiifiivov kclX 
XeiTovpyovvra rf def ravrriv r^v iffjiipay KoXy /l«|^ 

fX€v xopevrrlv ov^ 6 TrpoaKaXiaac Kara rov v6fxot^ 
iii-flfxiOQ £(Traif rbv Zk xopriyov ovh' 6 ffvyKSxpag 
irapa TravraQ rovp v6fJiovc ovtcj f^avtpwQ ^uxrei ^Lktiv^ 
dXAct /i^v ohZiv kar* o^cXoc KoKStQ Koi i^iKav'^ 
BpumwQ rove ydfiovc virep rQy TroW&v' KeitrBai, eI 
Tois wreiBovai Kal fiia^ofiivoiQ avrovc ^ wof)' vfxwy 
opyfj Twv ael Kvplwy firj yevfiorerau 

(J) TovT<D ^ ovde ervyopyiadri<r£(r6ei firiSafJiwC ohSeiQ 
yap koTi liKaiog rvyxayuy iXiov T&y firi^iya 
iXeovyTdty ov^e trvyyyiJfjLrig rwv atrvyyvuffioytoy. 
eyij yap dlfiai Trayrac avQp^irovQ (pipeiy 6.^iovy irap* 
ahTijy elc tov (iiov avTolg epavoy irapa irayQ* oara 
npcLTTOvtriy, oiov iyut nc ovTO<n fiirpiog irpoc 
diravrdg elfjiif eXeiifnaVy ei iroiwy ttoXXovq* dTraarc 
vpoarjKEi T^ ToiovT^ TavTCL €l<r(l>epEiy, edy irov Kaipog 
ft Xpcta irapaary, erepog oir6g rig ptaiog, ohdiya 
oCr* eXeioy ov6' oXutg &yQp(»yiroy fiyovfieyog* tovt^ 
Tag ofwiag <l>opag Trap* eKaffrov diKaioy virapxety^ 
trif 3^ TrXripiOTrjg toiovtov yeyoyiljg kpavov aeavr^ 
TovToy ZiKaiog e\ o-vWcfao-Oac. 

8. Explain tvlei^igy Kadap/JLa, liovXrjg, dvr/Soflrtc, ayaK' 
piy£ffOci,if drlfirjTog S/ny. 

,y Google 



ProfeuoT Tucker and Mr. Tuhbs, 

1. Translate^ with brief marginal notes where neces* 
(a) Svc. Ne tu edepol me drbitrare bfluam, 

Qui quidem non novisse possim, quicum 

aetatem ex^gerim. 
An ille tarn esset stiiltus, qui mi mille 

nummum cr^deret 
Fhilippum, quod me aurlim deferre itissit 

ad gnat^m suom 
Atque ad amicum C^lliclem^ quoi rem 

aibat mandasse hie suam r 
Mihin concrederet, ni me ille et ^go 
, ilium novissem 6,dprobe ? 
Ch. Enim vero ego nunc sticophantae huic 
sHcophantari volo, 
Si hiinc possum illo mille nummnm Phi* 

lippum circumdticerey 
Qu6d sibi me dedisse dixit Quern ego 

qui sit homo n^scio, 
N6que oculis ante h^nc diem nmquam 

vidi, eine aurum cr^derem ? 
Quoi, si capitis r^s sit^ nummum ntimquam 

credam plumbeum. 
Ad^rediundust hie homo mi astu. HeuS; 
Pax, te tribus verbis volo. 
Svc. V61 trecentis. 

{b) Con. Gens^n talentum m§,gnum exorari pote 
Ab ist6e sene ut det qui fiamus liberi ? 
Str. Famem hercle utendam, si roges, num- 
qu&m dabit. 

,y Google 


Quin ipsi pridem t6nsor unguis d^mpserat^ 
Conl6git, omnia ^bstulit praesegmina. 

Con. Edep61 mortalem p&rce parcum pra6dicas. 
Gens^n yero adeo ^kvce et misere yivere ? 

Str. Pulm^ntum pridem eripuit ei miluos : 

Homo M praetorem pl6rabundus d^venit^ 
Infit ibi postuldre plorans ^iulajis, 
Ut sibi liceret miluom vaddrier. 
Sescenta sunt, quae m^morem, si sit 6tium. 
Sed ut^r vostorumst c^lerior? Memor4 

Con. Ego et miilto melior. Str. C6cum ego, 
non furem rogo. 

Con. Cocum ^rgo dico. Str. Quid tu ais? 
A. sic sum iit vides. 

Con. Cocus ille nundindlist : in noniim diem 
Solet ire coctum. 

(c) Iffitur 80 intentior ad victoriam niti, omnibus 
moois festinare : cavere tamen necubi hosti oppor- 
tunus fierety meminisse post gloriam invidiam 
sequi. Ita quo clarior erat, eo magis anxius erat, 
neque post insidias lugurthae effuso exercitu 
praedari: ubi frumento ant pabulo opus erat, 
cohortes cum omni equitatu praesidium agitabant: 
exercitus partem ipse, relicuos Marias ducebat. 
Set igni magis quam praeda ager vastabatur. 
Duobus locis haut longe inter se castra faciebant: 
ubi vi opus erat cuncti aderant, ceterum quo fuga 
atque formido latins cresceret divorsi agebant. 
Eo tempore lugurtha per collis sequi, tempus aut 
locum pugnae quaerere, qua venturum nostem 
audierat pabulum et aquarum fontis, quorum 
paenuria erat, conrumpere, modo se Metello, 
interdum Mario ostendere, postremos in agmine 
temptare ac statim in collis regredi; rursus aliis 

,y Google 


post aliis minitari; neque proelium facere neque 
otium paid; tantummodo hostem ab incepto 

(d) Neque solum illis aliena mens erat, qui conscii 
coniurationis fiierant, set omnino cuncta plebes 
noyarum rerum studio Gatilinae incepta prooabat. 
Id adeo more suo videbatur facere. Nam semper 
in civitate, quibus opes nullae sunt, bonis invident 
malos extolluntj Vetera odere nova ezoptant, odio 
suarum rerum mutari omnia student, turba atque 
seditionibus sine cura aluntur, quoniam egestas 
facile habetur sine damno. Set urbana plebes, 
ea vero praeceps erat multis de causis. Primum 
omnium qui ubique probro atque petulantia 
maxume praestabant, item alii per dedecora 
patrimoniis amissis^ postremo omnes quos 
Bagitium aut facinus domo expulerat, ei Romam 
sicut in sentinam confluxerant. Deinde multi 
memores Sullanae victoriae, quod ex gregariis 
militibus alios senatores videbant, alios ita divites, 
ut regio victii atque cultu aetatem agerent, sibi 
quisque, si in armis foret, ex victoria talia 

2. Discuss briefly, illustrating from both books, 
Sallust's credibility as a historian. 

3. Comment on — qui aliquo negotio intentus famam 
quaerit — quo ad cognoscundum omnia magis in 
aperto sint — posseaere ea loca quae proxuma 
Carthagine Numidia appellatur — milites scribere 
non more maiorum neque ex classibus, set uti 
cuiusque lubido erat^ capite censos plerosque. 

,y Google 


4* What traces of the influenoe of Greek literature 
may be found (a) in the general stjle^ {b) in the 
particular idiom, of Sallust ? 

6. State briefly in what chief respects the Latin of 
Plautus differs from that of Cicero. 

6. Whence did Plautus mostly derive his plots ? 

What is meant by contaminatio and comoedia 
palliata ? 

7. Explain censio bubula — ut fundus sit pater — quid 

tibi me curatio est ? — ^pendens feritur. 

8. Translate— 

Si hoc non est satis, quod haec omnia deleta 
yidentur reditu meo, multo mihi^ multOy inquam, 
indices, praestat in eandem illam recidere fortu- 
nam, quam tantam importare meis defensoribus et 
conservatoribus calamitatem. An ego in hac 
urbe esse possim his pulsis, qui me huius urbis 
compotem fecerunt ? Non ero, non potero esse, 
indices : neque hie umquam puer, qui his lacrimis 
qua sit pietate declarat, amisso patre suo propter 
me me ipsum incolumem videbit, nee, quotieos 
me viderit, ingemescet, ac pestem suam ac patns 
sui se dicet videre: ego yero hos in omni 
fortuna, quaecumque erit oblata, complectar: 
nee me ab eis, quos meo nomine sordidatos videtis, 
umquam uUa fortuna divellet : neque eae nationes, 
quibus me senatus commendavit, quibus de me 
gratias egit, hunc exsulem propter me sine me 

,y Google 


Additional Jbr Group A. 

9, Translate with brief marginal notes where neces- 
Verebamur ne nos dies, ne vox, ne latera defi- 
cerent, si tot crimina, tot reos uno velut fasce 
complecteremur; deinde ne iudicum intentio 
mnltis nominibus multisque causis non lassaretur 
modo verum etiam confunderetur ; mox ne gratia 
singulorum collata atque permixta pro singulis 
quoque vires omnium acciperet: postremo ne 
potentissimi vilissimo quoque quasi piaculari dato 
alienis poenis elaberentur. Etenim turn maxime 
favor et ambitio dominatnr cum sub aliqua specie 
severitatis delitescere potest. Erat in consilio 
Sertorianum illud exemplum qui robustissimum 
et infirmissimum militem iussit caudam equi — 
reliqua nosti. Nam nos quoque tarn numerosum 
agmen reorum ita demum posse superare si per 
singulos carperetur. 

10. Comment on — Neque enim adhuc nomen in 

numeros relatum est — clepsydra — adlegantes pa- 
trocini foedus — sunt in usu et Corinthia — Vitel- 
liana cicatrice stigmosum; and note any special 
Plinian significations of curare, adhibere, trans- 

11. Describe in brief a Roman villa, with reference to 

Pliny's ^Laurentum.' 

,y Google 



Professor Tucker and Mr. Tubbs. 

I think, judges, that I must first tell you of 
my friendship with Pherenikos, lest some of 
you should wonder why I, who have never been 
any man's advocate before, am his now. His 
father, Kephisodotos, was my friend, judges : and 
when we were exiles at Thebes I stayed with 
him, — I and any other Athenian who would : and 
many were the good offices that we received from 
him Tbefore we came home. Well, when he and 
his son suffered the like misfortunes and came to 
Athens banished men, I thought that I owed them 
the fullest recompense, and made them so fully 
at home in my house that no one coming in could 
have told, unless he knew before, whether the 
house was theirs or mine. Pherenikos knows as 
well as other people, judges, that there are plenty 
of better speakers than I, and better experts in 
affiiirs of this kind; but still he thinks mat my 
friendship is the best thing he can trust to. 


Professor Tucker arid Mr. Tubbs. 

Essex now saw that his enemies were bent on 
his ruin, and he determined to take such a step 
as must decide matters. He gathered his friends 
round him, and trusted once more to his popu- 
larity to overawe the Queen, and to make him 

,y Google 


agaifi as much her favourite as he had ever been. 
The Privy Council, alarmed at his preparations, 
summoned him before them. Essex refused to 
come, and when some of the councillora were 
sent to ask the cause of the assemblagpe at Essex 
House they were kept as prisoners, and the Earl 
marched with his followers into the city, hoping 
that it would rise in his behalf. But the people 
saw no cause for a revolt. Essex with diflSculty 
made his way back to his house and was forced 
to surrender. He was brought to trial, and 
found guilty of high treason. A fortnight later, 
in spite of the Queen's manifest reluctance, he 
was hanged. 


Professor Tucker and Mr. Tubbs. 

I shall not expatiate on the formidable power 
of Philip as an argument to urge you to the 
performance of your public duty. That would 
be too much botn of complim/ant to him and ot 
disparagement to you. I should, indeed, myselt 
have thought him truly formidable, if he had 
achieved bis present eminence by means con- 
sistent with justice. But he has aggrandized 
himself, partly through your negligence and 
improvidence, partly by treacherous means — ^by 
taking into pay corrupt partisans at Athens, and 
by cheating successively Olynthians, Thessalians, 

C 2 

,y Google 


and all his other allies. The Macedonians them- 
selves have no sympathy with his personal am- 
bition : they are fatigued with the labour imposed 
upon them by his endless military movements, 
and impoverished by the closing of their ports 
through the war. It is his past good fortune 
which imparts to all this real weakness a fal- 
lacious air of strength. 


Professor Tucker and Mr, Tubbs. 

Pizarro now saw that it was not politic to pro- 
tract his stay in his present quarters, where a 
spirit of disaffection would soon creep into the 
ranks of his followers, unless their spirits were 
stimulated by novelty or a life of incessant action. 
Yet he felt deeply anxious to obtain more par- 
ticulars, than he had hitherto gathered, of the 
actual condition of the Peruvian empire, of its 
strength and resources, of the monarch who ruled 
over it, and of his present situation. He was 
also desirous before taking any decisive step for 
penetrating the country to seek out some com- 
modious place for a settlement which might 
afford him the means of a regular communication 
with the colonies, and a place of strength on which 
he himself might retreat in case of disaster. He 
decided therefore to leave part of his company at 
Tumbez, and with the remainder to make an 
incursion into the interior, and reconnoitre the 
land before deciding on any plan of operations. 

,y Google 


Pabt I. 

The Board of Examiners. 


1. What is the difference between the high and low 

German? What are low German lan^a^s? 
Give a short account of one (other than Enghsh)* 

2, What is the history of each of the following 

words ? — 

Admiral, amuck, baron, boycott, canoe, cere- 
mony, emu, jubilee, palfrey, preach, sever, syrup. 

8. All murder'd : for within the hollow crown 
That rounds the mortal temples of a king 
Keeps Death his court and there the antic sits, 
Scoffing his state and grinning at his pomp. 
Allowing him a breath, a little scene, 
To monarchize, be fear'd and kill with looks. 
Infusing him with self and vain conceit, 
As if this flesh which walls about our life 
Were brass impregnable, and humour'd thus 
Gomes at the last and with a little pin 
Bores through his castle wall, and farewell king ! 
Cover your heads. 

(1) Explain — mortal, antic, breath, self and vain 

(2) What is the subject to " comes " ? 

(3) What is the significance olf the covering of the 
head ? 

(4) Describe the scene whence the passage is 

,y Google 


4. In what senses, not modem, does Shakspeare use 

the words — benevolence, conceit, inherit, owe ? 

5. To what kings of England does Shakspeare make 

anj allusion in Richard II. ? 

Contrast the characters of Richard II. and 

6. Explain the following passages :— 

(1) And with fine fingers crept fiill feateously 
The tender stalkes on hye. 

(2) Great Fletcher never treads in buskins here. 
Nor greater Jonson dares in socks appear. 

(8) Low ^culks the hind beneath the rage of pow'r, 
And leaves the wealthy traitor in the Tow'r. 

(4) Above, below, the rose of snow, 

Twin'd with her blnshing foe, we spread: 
The bristled boar, in infant-gore 
Wallows beneath the thorny shade. 

(5) Luke's iron crown and Damien's bed of steel. 

(6) Our laird gets in his racked rents. 
His coals, his kain, an' a' his stents; 
He rises when he likes himsel; 

His flunkies answer at the bell; 

He ca's his coach ; he ca's his horse ; 

He draws a bonie, silken purse 

As lang's my tail, whar thro' the steeks 

The yellow-letter'd Geordie keeks. 

7. Explain very briefly the allusions in the follow- 


The twins of Jove. 
Timotheus placed on high. 

,y Google 


The bold Bavarian. 
The sable warrior. 
The Theban eagle. 
She- wolf of France. 
Ye towers of Julias. 
Noble Elgin. 

8. Give the meaning and origin of the following 
words : — 

Acrostick, stationers, gnome, quilt, trump, 
sycophant, nowt, vista, sonsie. 

9. What do you think of Addison's prose style and 
what of his humour ? 

10. How does Addison use the words — genius, quality, 
factor, relic, impertinency, a crack, original^ 
speculation ? 

11. Explain the following expressions: — Auto da F6, 
Scandalum Magnatum, Kajah, the Escurial, the 
Wooden Spoon, Molidres doctors. 

12. Those to whom allusion is made in the following 
passages are mentioned in Macaulay's essay. 
Oive a short explanation of each passage. 

(1) Friend to my life, which did not you prolong, 
The world had wanted many an idle song. 

— Fape. 

,y Google 


(2) And he whose lightning pierced th' Iberian 

Now forms my Quincunx^ and now ranks my 

Or tames the genius of the stubborn plain. 

— Pope. 

(3) He left the name, at which the world grew 

To point a moral, or adorn a tale. — Jbhfuan, 

Part II. 

The Board of Examiners. 


1. Quote half a dozen of Bacon's striking openings 

of Essays. 

2. Give the substance of the Essays " Of Boldness/' 

and "Of Studies.'* 

3. Comment on the following passages: — 

(1) The astrologers call the evil inflaences of the 
stars evil aspects. 

(2) Astronomers which did feign eccentrics and 
epicycles, and such engines of orbs to save the 

(3) Closeness did impair and a little perish his 

,y Google 


(4) The personal fruition in any man cannot reach 
to feel great riches. 

(6) .... the greatest sabbath-breaker, because 
his plough goeth every Sunday. 

(6) .... sbirrerie, which is under sheriffiies, 
4. Consider '^ King Lear " as a study of madness. 

5. Trace the overthrow of the classical school in 

English literature. 

6. From the ''Prose Masterpieces" choose two of 

which the style is most opposed, and contrast 
the styles. 

7. Write short accounts of De Quincey and Ruskin. 

8. Explain and comment on the following pas- 

(1) Even now many talk of Spenser's *' Well of 
pure English undefiled," as if the language ever 
sprung from a well or fountain-head. 

(2) Your character is a constitution for your 
country, and your conscience its guaranty. 

(3) The dice of God are always loaded. 

(4) The great end and aim of the British Consti- 
tution is to get twelve honest men into a box. 

(6) You have been a " burra Shikarree " as well as 

(6) It is Philosophy teaching by Example. 

,y Google 


9. Quote from '' Paracelsus "— 

(1) Gordon's favourite lines about the guidance of 
the bird. 

(2) The adventure of the diver. 

(3) A short specimen of the lyric poetry. 

10. Explain the following passages :— • 

(1) What record ? Not the sinless years 

That breathed beneath the Syrian blue. 

(2) JEonian music measuring out 

The steps of Time — the shocks of Chance— 
The blows of Death. 

(3) For every grain of sand that runs, 

And every span of shade that steals, 
And every kiss of toothed wheels, 
And all the courses of the suns. 

11. Write an account of James Russell Lowell. 

12. Write an Essay on '^ Books teach not their own 


The Board of Examiners. 

: Translate into French — 

** Let us apply a bit of familiar knowledge. 
At the battle of Worth, at the beginning of tae 
Franco-German war, 17,000 men were killecL 

,y Google 


Why don't jou burst into tears at this vast 
presence of desolation^ agony, death^ pain, ruin ? 
Simply because it is not present. The figures 
are present. They are an arithmetical fact, all 
pat for an examination paper; but we don't weep 
for an examination paper, unless, indeed, we 
have to answer it. These many thousand deaths 
move you not. But I, for my part, agree with 
the old general^ who is said to have locked himself 
in his room every Sunday to read Mrs. Ewing's 
story of * Jackanapes ' unseen. I could not trust 
myself to read it in public, or her ' Story of a 
Short Life,' and her ' Six to Sixteen.' Yet these 
are fictions, and only three, set against those 
many thousands of real sufferers. But the fiction 
is real, because it is thought in shape; tiie 
reality is unreal because it is fiict in cipher, no 
nearer the heart than any other bit of arithmetic." 

2. Translate— 

Que dirai-je des fagades? En general, nous 
donnons k nos maisons d'^ducation des facades 
beaucoup trop monumentales, nous y d^pensons 
beaucoup plus d'argent qu'il ne convient, nous 
n'h^sitons pas h sacrifier des sommes considerables 
pour cet objet, et, quand il s'agit de consacrer 
quelques centimes pour I'hygidne de Tint^rieur 
de I'ecole, nous sommes arrSt^s par mille scrupules 
ou par le d^faut d'argent : nous ^conomisons sur 
le n^cessaire. Ce qu'il faut, ce n'est pas le luxe 
de I'habitation, ce n'est pas un ext6rieur fastueux, 
mais c'est que I'^cole soit gaie d'aspect, agr^able 
^ I'oeil, pour que I'enfant quitte la maison pater- 
nelle sans ti*op de regret, et qu'il arrive h I'ecole 
avec un certain plaisir. 

,y Google 


3. Give an account of each of the following works : — 

Froissart's Chronicle. 
BoileaUy L'Art Po^tique. 
Gauseries da Lundi. 

4. What do you know about the life and writings of 

Madame de Stael, and of M. Guizot ? 

5« Sketch briefly the connection between Modem 
French and Latin. 

6. Translate the following passages from Le dd:--^ 

(a) Madame, aprds cela je n'ai rien ^ vous dire, 
Sinon que de vos maux avec vous je soupire: 
Je vous bMmois tantdt^ je vous plains ik 

present : 
Mais pnisqne dans un mal si donx et si cuisant 
Votre vertu combat et son charme et sa force, 
En repousse I'assaut, en rejette Tamorce, 
Elle rendra le calme ^ vos espirits flottans. 
Esp^rez done tout d'elle, et du secours da 

Esp^rez tout da del ; il a trop de justice 
Pour laisser la vertu dans un si long supplice. 

(J) Pour moi, bien que vaincu, je me repute 
Et, malgre I'interSt de mon cceur amoureux, 
Perdant infiniment, j'aime encor ma defaite. 
Qui fait le beau succds d'une amour si parfaite. 


Ma fiUe, il ne faut point rougir d'un si beau 

Ni chercber les moyens d'en faire un d6savea; 
Une louable honte en vain t'en soUicite;. 

,y Google 


Ta gloire est d^gagee, et ton devoir est quitte; 
Ton p6re est satisfeit, et c'6toit le venger 
Que mettre tant de fois ton Rodrigue en danger* 

7. Translate the following passage from Andro- 

{a) Je fais ce que tu veux: je consens qu'il me 
Je lui veux bien encore accorder cette joie. 
Pylade va bient6t conduire ici ses pas; 
Mais, si je m'en croyois, je ne le verrois pas. 


Et qu'est-ce que sa vue a pour vous de fimeste? 
Madame^ n'est-ce pas toujours le m^me Oreste 
Dont vous avez cent fois souhaite le retour, 
Et dont vous regrettiez la Constance et Tamour ? 


C'est cet amour pay6 de trop d'ingratitude 
Qui me rend en ces lieux sa presence si rude. 


(J) II expire; et nos Grecs irrites 

Ont lave dans son sang ses infidelites. 
Je vous Tavois promis; et, quoique mon 

Se fit de ce complot une funeste image, 
J'ai couru vers le temple, otl nos Grecs disperses 
Se sont jusqu'^ I'autel dans la foule gliss^s. 
Pyrrhus m'a reconnu^ mais sans changer de 

n sembloit que ma vue excit&t son audace ; 
Que tons les Grecs, braves en leur ambassadeur, 
Dussent de son hymen relever la splendeur. 

,y Google 


8. Translate from L^Amre — 

Monsieur, puisque vous le voulez, je vous dirai 
franchement qu'on se moque partout de vous^ 
qu'on nous jette de tous c6t6s cent brocards ^ 
votre sujet, et que Ton n'est point plus ravi que 
de vous tenir au cul et aux chausses, et de faire 
sans cesse des contes de votre lesine. L'un dit 
que vous faites imprimer des almanachs particu- 
liers, oti vous faites doubler les quatre- temps et les 
vigiles afin de profiter des jeiiues otl vous oblig-ez 
votre monde ; rautre, que vous avez toujours une 
querelle toute pr^te k faire ^ vos valets dans le 
temps des 6trennes ou de leur sortie d'avec vous, 
pour vous trouver une raison de ne leur donner 
lien. Celui-1^ contre qu'une fois vous fttes 
assignor le chat d'un de vos voisins, pour vous 
avoir mang6 un reste d'un gigot de mouton ; 
celui-ci que Ton vous surprit, une nuit, en venant 
derober vous-m^me Tavoine de vos chevaux. 

Translate and explain — 

(1) Ne voil^ pas de mes mouchards, qui prennent 

garde 4 ce qu'on fait ? 

(2) Des vilains et des lad res. 

(3) Je pourrais bien parler h. ta barrette. 

(4) tout C0U8U de pistoles. 

(5) au denier douze. 

(6) mangeant son bl6 en herbe. 

(7) Voil^ bien de quoi. 

(8) Ilfiledoux. 

(9) Tu as Faudace d'aller sur mes bris6es. 

,y Google 


10. Translate— 

(a) Dans un coin, une table, un fauteuil de velours, 
Miraient dans le parquet leurs pieds dor^s et 

Par une porte en yitre, au dehors, I'oeil en foule 
Apercevait au loin des armoires de Boule, 
Des vases du Japon, des laques, des ^mauz, 
Et des chandeliers d'or aux immenses rameauz. 
Un salon rouge orn6 de glaces de Venise, 
Plein de ces bronzes grecs que Tesprit divinise, 
Multipliait sans fin ses lustres de cristal ; 
Et^ comme une statue h lames de m^tal. 
On vojait, casque au front, luire dans Fencoignure 
Un garde argent et bleu d'une fidre toumure. 

(V) L'homme seul est tomb^ ! — Fait dans Fauguste 

Pour ^tre le meilleur, il en devient le pire. 
Lui qui devait fleurir comme Parbre choisi, 
II n'est plus qu'un tronc vil au branchage noirci, 
Que r^ge d^racine et que le vice efieuille, 
Dont les rameaux n'ont pas de fruit que Dieu 

Oti jamais sans p^ril nous ne nous appuyons, 
Oil la soci6t6 greffe les passions ! 
Chute immense ! il ignore et nie, 6 Providence ! 
Tandis qu'autour de lui la creation pense ! 
O honte r en proie aux sens dont le joug I'asservit, 
L'homme v6g^te auprds de la chose qui vit ! 

—V. Hugo. 

1 1. From Les Sayons et les Ombres what do you know 
about Victor Hugo's life? 

,y Google 


12. Translate— 

(a) Ni la morale publique ni la science pablique 
n'ont gagn6 quelque chose k ces trois sidcles de 
culture. Cette culture frauQaise, vainement 
imit^e dans toute I'Europe, n'a fait qu'omer les 
dehors de rhomme, et le vemis dont elle Fa par6 
se fane d^j^ partout ou s'^caille. G'est pis en 
Anffleterre, oil il est plus ext^rieur et plus mal 
appiiqu6 qu'en France, oti des mains 6trangdres 
Tout plaqu^, et oil il n'a pu recouvrir qu'^ demi la 
create saxonne, oil cette cro^te est demeur^e 
iruste et rude. 

{b) L'homme pense naturellement k la vie comma 
k un combat, plus souvent encore k la noire mort 
qui cl6t cette parade meurtriSre, et fait descendre 
tant de cavalcades empanacb^es et tumultueuses 
dans le silence et I'^ternite du cercueil. Tout ce 
monde visible est vain; il n'j a de vrai que la 
vertu de Thorn me, T^nergie courageuse par 
laquelle il prend le commandement de lui-mSme, 
et T^nergie g^n^reuse par laquelle il s'emploie au 
service d'autrui. C'est sur ce fond que les yeux 
s'attachent; ils percent la decoration mondaine 
et negligent la jouissance sensuelle, pour aller 

(c) Sur toutes ces grandes choses, la vie modeme 
s'est nich^e comme un champignon sur un chSne 
mort. Des balustrades de perches k demi d6- 
grossies, comme celles d'une fSte de village^ 
entourent la fosse d'oil s'el^vent les colonnes 
deterr^es de Jupiter Stator. L'herbe pousse sur 
les pentes ^boul^es. Des polissons aeguenill^s 
jouent au palet avec des pier res. De vieilles 
femmes avec des enfants crasseux se chauffent au 

,y Google 


soleil parmi les ordures. Des moines blancs ou 
bruns passent, puis des ^coliers en chapeau noir 
conduits par un eccl^siastique rogue. 

(d) d'outre-Manche, le dimanche des Rameaux, 
savates eculees, un paysan k charrue, bien m'en 
a pris d'emporter, j entrevois. — M. Taine. 

The Board of Examiners. 


1. Translate into German- 
It was a rainy Sunday in the gloomy month of 
November. I had been detained in the course of 
a journey by a slight indisposition, from which I 
was recovering ; but I was still feverish, and was 
obliged to keep within doors all day, in an inn 
of the small town of Derby. A wet Sunday in a 
country inn ! whoever has had the luck to ex- 
perience one can alone judge of my situation. 
The rain pattered against the casements^ the bells 
tolled for church with a melancholy sound. 

I went to the windows in quest of something 
to amuse the eye, but it seemed as if I had been 
placed completely out of the reach of all amuse- 
ment. The windows of my bed-room looked out 
among tiled roofs and stacks of chimneys, while 
those of my sitting-room commanded a full view 
of the stable-yard. I know of nothing more 
calculated to make a man sick of this world than 
a stable-yard on a rainy day. 


,y Google 


2. Translate— 

(a) Wenn ich so des Morgens mit Sonnenaufgang'e 
binausgehe nach meinem Wahlbeim und dort im 
Wirtbsgarten znir meine Zuckererbsen selbst 
pfliicke^ micb hinsetze, sie abfadme und dazwis- 
cben in meinem Homer lese; wenn icb dann in 
der kleinen Kiicbe mir einen Topf wable, mir 
Butter aussteche, meine Scboten ans Feuer stelle, 
zudecke und micb dazu setze sie manchmal 
umzuscbiitteln ; da fiibl' ich so lebbaft, wis die 
iibermutbigen Freier der Penelope Ocbsen und 
Scbweine scblacbten, zerlegen und braten. 
(J) Was bleibt uns iibrig, als dasjenige, was wir 
mit wiederbolter Miibe erfabren konnen, gewissen- 
haft zu erzahlen, die von dem Abscbeidenden 
hinterlasznen Brief e einzuscbalten and das 
kleinste aufgefundene Blattcben nicbt gering zu 
achten ; zumal^ da es so schwer ist, die eigensten, 
wahi*en Triebfedern auch nur einer einzelnen 
Handlung zu entdecken, wenn sie unter Menschen 
vorgeht, die nicht gemeiner Art sind. 

Unmuth und Unlust batten in Wertbers Seele 
immer tiefer Wurzel gescblagen, sicb fester 
unter einander verse blungen und sein gtinzes 
Wesen nach und nach eingenommen. 

8. Translate— 

Weislingen. Ich sehe kein ander Mittel, den 
Scbwindelgeist, der ganze Landscbaften greift, 
zu bannen. Horen wir nicbt scbon bier und da 
die bittersten Elagen der Edeln, dasz ihre 
Untertbanen, ihre Leibeignen sicb gegen sie 
auflehnen und mit ihnen recbton, ibnen die 
hergebracbte Oberberrscbaft zu schmalern 
drohen, so dasz die gefahrlicbsten Folgen zu 
iiircbten sind ? . 

,y Google 


Kaiser. Jetzt ware eine schone Gelegenheit 
wider den Berlichingen und Selbitz j nur woUt 
ich nicht, dasz ihnen was zu Leid geschehe. 
Gefangen mocbt ich sie haben, and dann 
miiszten sie Urfehde schworen, auf ibren Scblos- 
sern rabig zu bleiben und nicht aus ihrem Bann 
zn gehen. Bei der nachsten Session will ich's 

4. Write a short description of the character of Gotz. 

5. Translate — 

(a) — Sind wir denn wehrlos ? Wozu lernten wir 
Die Armbrust spannen und die schwere Wucht 
Der Streitaxt schwingen ? Jedem Wesen ward 
Ein Nothgewebr in der Verzweiflungsangst. 
Es stellt sich der erschopfte Hirsch und zeigt 
Der Meute sein gefurcbtetes Geweib, 
Die Gemse reiszt den Jager in den Abgrund — 
Der Pliugstier selbst, der sanfte Hausgenosz 
Des Menscben, der die ungeheure Kraft 
Des Halses duldsam unters Joch gebogen, 
Springt auf, gereizt, wetzt sein gewaltig Horn 
Und schleudert seinen Feind den Wolken zu. 

(J) Komm Du hervor, Du Bringer bittrer 

Mein theures Kleinod jetzt, mein hochster 

Schatz — 
Ein Ziel will ich Dir geben, das bis jetzt 
Der frommen Bitte undurchdringlich war — 
Doch Dir soil es nicht widerstehn — Und Du, 
Vertraute Bogensehne, die so oft 
Mir treu gedient hat in der Freude Spielen, 
Verlasz mich nicht im furchterlichen Ernst ! 

D 2 

,y Google 


Nur jetzt noch halte fast, Du treuer Strang, 
Der mir so oft den derben Pfeil befliigelt — 
Entrann' er jetzo kraftlos meinen Handen, 
Ich habe keinen zweiten zu versenden. 

6. Translate— 

(a) Beide Grafen waren der beleidigten Majestat 
schuldig erkannt, well sie die abscheuliche Ver- 
schworung des. Prinzen von Oranien begunstigt, 
und bef6rdert, die confbderirten Edelleute m 
Schutz genommen, und in ihren Statthalter- 
schaften und andern Bedienungen dem Konig 
und der Kirche schlecht gedient batten. Beide 
sollten offentlich enthauptet, ihre Kopfe auf 
Spiesze gesteckt, und obne ausdrlicklicben 
Befehl des Herzogs nicht abgenommen werden. 
Alle ibre Giiter, Leben und Recbte waren dem 
koniglicben Fiscus zugesprocben. 

(b) Es kostete weiter nicbts, als diese Damme zu 
scbleifen, so war die ganze Ebene Meer und 
konnte mit flacben Schiffen bis fiast unt^r die 
Mauern von Antwerpen befabren werden. 
Gluckte dieser Versucb, so mocbte der Herzog 
von Parma immerbin die Scbelde vermittelst 
seiner Scbiffbrucke btiten; man batte sicb einen 
neuen Strom aus dem Stegreif gescbaffen, der im 
Notbfall die namlicben Dienste leistete. Eben 
dies war es aucb, was der Prinz von Oranien 
gleicb beim Anfange der Belagerung angeratben 
und St. Aldegonde ernstlicb zu befordern gesucht 
batte^ aber obne Erfolg, weil einige Burger nicht 

' zu bewegen gewesen waren, ibr Feld aufzuopfern. 
Zu diesem letzten Rettungsmittel kam man in 
der jetzigen Bedrangnisz zuriick, aber die Um- 
stftnde batten sicb unterdessen gar sebr geandert. 

,y Google 


7. Explain the following: expressions: — Pasqaille, 

Meergeusen, Scheibenschiezen, Staatenbund, 
Fahnrich, Kern. 

8. Translate— 

Wohlthatig ist des Feuers Macht, 
Wenn sie der Mensch bezahmt, bewacht; 
Und was er bildet, was er schafFl, 
Das dankt er dieser Himmelskraffit. 

Doch fiirchtbar wird die Himmelskraffb, 

Wenn sie der Fessel sich entrafft, 

Einhertritt auf der eignen Spur 

Die freie Tochter der Natur ; 

Wehe, wenn sie losg^lassen, 

Wachsend obne Widerstand, 

Durch die volkbelebten Gassen 

Walzt den ungeheuren Brand I 

Denn die Elemente hassen 

Das Gebild' der Menschenband. 

"9, Estimate the inflaence of the English on the 
German drama. 

10. Who are the chief German writers of lyrics ? 

Give the titles of some of their best known lyrics. 

11. Translate— 

(a) " Adrianchen, Du bist ein kreuzbraver Junge." 
'' Meinst Du ? " fragte er, und all' seine Siinden 
Yom Yormittag kamen ihm in den Sinn. 

Aber leider verursachten sie ihm keinerlei 
Reue; vielmehr begannen seine Augen schel- 
misch zu leuchten, und sein Mund lachte, als er 
die Schulter der Alton klopfte und ibr leise in's 
Ohr fliisterte : 

,y Google 


'*Es sind heute Haare geflogen, Trautchen. 
Droben in der Eammer unter dem Bett liegt 
mein Waxnms und das neue Strumpfwerk. So 
wie Du kann doch keine stopfen." 

(() Jeder will Zeuge sein, wie die Spanier hierhin 
und dorthin eilen, wie Schafe, unter die der 
Wolf eefahren. Jeder will boren, wie die Ean- 
onen der Geusen donnern, will das Geknatter 
ihrer Hakenbiichsen und Musketen vernehmen, 
und Frauen und Mannern scbeint der Sturm, 
der sie niedeizureiszen droht, lieblicher zu wehen, 
als der holdeste Zephyr, und der Platzregen, der 
sie durchnaszt, willihnen freundlicher diinken, als 
sonnenspiegelnder Lenzthau ! 


Professor Tucker. 

From what considerations would you decide 
whether two given languages are genealogically 
connected ? Compare English, Latin, and Sans- 
krit for this purpose. 

What meaning precisely do you attach to the 
expression ** the Indo-European root " ? Dis- 
cuss the formation of I.-E. words. 

Divide thci Ursprache into its branches, and 
further divide Keltic, Germanic, and Aryan into 
their several groups and languages; also state 
when, and in what forms and extent, we first 
meet with each such language. 

,y Google 


4. Give a list of the original vowel-sounds, with 

their normal representation in Greek, Latin, 
Sanskrit and Teutonic. In what cases does e 
in Latin take the place of original i, and vice 

5. Give an account of the working of Ablaut in 

Greek in the *'^roots." Derive inquit, disco, 

6. What consonantal law is exemplified in the corres- 

pondence of Sanskrit — antavj English— wn^^ / 
State the law and illustrate it. Write down the 
Greek and Latin cognates of ten, tooth, tear^ 
widofv, guest y quick; and test the consonantal 
correspondence in each case. 

7. State clearly the rule of treatment of the palatal 

stops in Greek, Latin, Teutonic, and Sanskrit. 

8. Discuss the necessity of assuming original^* and t?. 

9. Treat fully the histoiy of ns in Greek, and sr in 


10. To what original sounds does Latin J^ belong ? 

When does it become b ? How hx do the other 
Italic languages agree with Latin herein ? 
Account for the diflference in ruber , rufus. 

11. Take the following sets of cognate words, and 

examine the exact phonological relationship be- 
tween the words in each set: — in, kv\ irp6i>pb)v, 
TTjDo^pao'O'a; hs, suus; voivii, riats; tnalus, mast; 
oaae, oi^o/iai; ttc/uttc, quinque; elfii, eo, latri. 
What is the common element in singulus and 

,y Google 


12. Examine the phenomenon of ''Compensatory 
Lengthening." Why is it assumed rather than 
"Epenthesis" in tcrelvtay <pQiiptal 

Additional for Third Year only* 

13. Point out the difficulties of discovering the shape 

and meaning of original suffixes. 

14. Point out and explain any peculiarities in the 

formation of Tcayro^aTrocy aW^Xovc, sfiavrff *i<f>ioSf 
iroWooToc, firiTioeiQ, 

16. Write down the I.-E. numerals, cardinal and 
ordinal, from 1 to 10, 20, 30, 100, 1000. Ex- 
plain any peculiarities in their Greek and Latin 

16. Decline an ^-noun and an t-noun in I.-E., and 
shew how far such declension is maintained in 
Greek and Latin. 

The Board of Examiners. 


L Find the resultant of two parallel forces acting on 
a ligid body. 

,y Google 


2. Shew that for the equilibrium of a rigid body acted 
on by any forces in a plane it is necessary and 
sufficient that the sums of the resolved parts of 
the forces in two directions and the moment of 
the forces about one point vanish. 

A heavy disc is free to move about a point A in 
its plane. A string is attached to the centre of 
gravity G, and pulled horizontally with a force T, 
If W be the weight of the disc, shew that the 
tangent of the angle between A Q and the vertical 

3. Find the centre of gravity of a uniform triangular 

An equilateral triangle and a square have a 
side in common. Find the distance of the centre 
of gravity of the two from the centre of the 

4. Give the equations connecting (1) the dynamical 

measure of the force on a particle with its mass 
and acceleration; (2) the force in pounds and 
poundals; (8) the force in foot pound second 
units, and in centimetre gramme second units. 

[Take a kilogramme as 2*2 lbs., and a metre 
as 39*87 inches.] 

5. Prove the equation « = t?^ + \f^ for motion in a 

straight line under constant acceleration J\ t> 
being the velocity at time zero, and % the space 
passed over. 

,y Google 


Shew that a stone thrown a height of 200 feel 
will be within 72 feet of the ground on the waji 
down in 6-4 seconds nearly from the time of its 
leaving the hand. 

6. Prove that the acceleration of a particle moving 

uniformly in a circle of radius r with velocity v 

is towards the centre, and equals -^ • 

Hence shew that, apart from the resistance of 
the air, a particle would revolve around the earth 
close to its surface in about 1 h. 25 min. 

[Take 4,000 miles as the radius of the earth 
and ff = 32.] 

7. Demonstrate the equation p = gpz for the pressure 

at the depth z in a liquid of density p. 

Shew that the pressure on a square foot at a 
depth of 1 mile below the surface of water is 
about 147 tons. 

8. State and prove Archimedes' theorem relative to the 

apparent loss of weight of a body immersed in a 

A solid mass of 12 lbs. weighs 3 lbs. in one 
liquid and 4 lbs. in another. Compare the den- 
sities of the liquids. 

9. Explain carefully the mode of action of the common 


,y Google 


The Board of Examir^ers. 


1. Prove that two couples in the same plane are 

equivalent if their moments are the same. 

2. Investigate the reduction of a system of coplanar 

forces to two forces SJT, SF parallel to the 
rectangular axes d?, y, and a couple l!^{yX—xY)» 

3. State Coulomb's Laws of Friction. 

A uniform heavy isosceles triangular lamina 
ABC is supported on small studs at its comers, 
and rests on an inclined plane, with its base BC 
horizontal, the coefficient of friction of the stud 
A being /4i, and of B and C fj^. Shew that 
.slipping takes place when the elevation of the 
plane is 

4. Find the centre of gravity of a tetrahedron. 

Shew that the centre of g^vity of a slice cut 
off a spherical shell of any thickness by two 
parallel planes is midway between the planes, 
provided the slice has a hole through it. 

5. Shew that the components of acceleration of a point 

{Xy y) referred to rectangular coordinates are 
cPx d?y 

,y Google 


If a particle moves in a straight line so that 
its velocity is proportional to the square of ita 
distance from a fixed point, shew that the force 
on it varies as the cube of the distance from the 
same point. 

6. A particle moves in a straight line under an attrac- 

tive force varying as the distance from a fixed 
point. Investigate the motion. 

A particle is acted on by two equal forcefi 
constant in magnitude, but whose directioni 
revolve at equffl constant rates in opposite 
directions. Find the motion. 

7. State Kepler's Laws, and deduce the law of attrac- 

tion of the sun on a planet. 

8. Prove that in a fluid in equilibrium the rate oi 

increase of pressure in any direction is equal tc 
the product of the density and the resolved part 
of the force per unit mass in that direction. 

9. Define careftdly the term metacentrej and prove th( 

formula for its height above the centre of gravitj 
of the liquid displaced 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiner ». 

1. Starting from the definition of a couple prove that 

its effect on a rigid bodj depends only on its 
moment and the direction of the normal to its 

2. Investigate the form taken bj a uniform heavy 

string suspended from two points showing that 
referred to proper coordinates its equation is 

3. Demonstrate Stokes' Theorem that the integral of 

normal attraction over a closed surface is — ^.itm, 
where m is the mass inside the surface. 

Deduce the law of attraction outside a solid 

4. Find expressions for the components of acceleration 

of a particle moving in a plane in polar co- 

5. Find the motion of a particle in a straight line 

under a central force varying as the inverse 
square of the distance^ and show that the time 

from rest at distance a to the centre is tt / ^ 

where /x is the astronomical mass of the attract- 
ing centre. 

,y Google 


6. Investigate the motion of a simple pendulum, show- 
ing &at the time of a complete oscillation is 


neglecting the fourth power of the amplitude a, 
where I is the length of the pendulum. 

7. Given the moments and products of inertia of a mass 

about three rectangular axes at a point, investi- 
gate the expression for the moment about any 
other line through the point. 

How would you obtain the moment about a 
line not through the point, the centre of gravity 
being supposed known ? 

8. Use D'Alembert's principle to obtain the equations 

of motion of a rigid body in two dimensions 

Mx = X M'y-Y Mk^d = L. 

9. Prove the equation of energy 

= 2 ^f{Xdx + Ydy + Zdz) + C 
for motion in two dimensions, and apply it to 
show that in the case of a sphere rolling down a 
perfectly rough inclined plane the motion of the 
centre is the same as if the plane were smooth, 
and the intensity of gravity decreased in the 
ratio 5 : 7. 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. The opposite angles of any quadrilateral inscribed 

in a circle are together equal to two right angles. 

Show that a circle can always be drawn 

through the angular points of a quadrilateral 

having two opposite angles together equal to 
two right angles. 

2. If the vertical angle of a triangle be bisected by 

a straight line which cuts the base, the segments 
of the base shall have to one another the same 
ratio as the remaining sides of the triangle. 

An isosceles triangle ABC has the angles 
B, Cy each double of J., and the angle C is 
bisected by the straight line CD meeting AB 
in D, Show that the rectangle BA^ BD is 
equal to the square on AD. 

3. Similar triangles are to one another in the dupli- 

cate ratio of their homologous sides. 

4. It is required to draw a straight line perpendicular 

to a given plane from a given point without it. 

Show that this pei*pendicular is the shortest 
line that can be drawn from the point to the 

5. Solve the simultaneous equations 
3a?^ + xy 

+ f-27r 

,y Google 



ac + ee + ea 

7. A line is divided into n parts, so that each part is 

r times the part immediately to its left. The 
length of the extreme left and right parts beings 
a and b respectively, find the length of the 
whole line in terms of a^ b, and n, 

8. Prove that the number of permutations of n 

things, r at a time, is n(n — 1) . . . . (n — r + 1). 

In how many ways can three sets, consisting 
of 4, 5, and 6 things, he chosen from 16 ? 

9. Define the cotangent of an angle, and trace the 

changes in its value as the angle increases from 
0° to 360^. 

10. Prove that 

cos (A '\- JB) =: cos ^ cos -B — sin A sin J5, 
A + B being less than 90°. 

11. Prove that 

cos (A + B + C) = cos ji cos B cos C 

— cos A sin i? sin C — cos B sin C sin A 

— cos C sin A sin B. 

4 cos (J. + ^ — C) cos ( J. — i? + C) 
cos{-'A + B+C) = co8(A -^ B+ C) 
+ cos (3JL - J? - C) + cos (SB ^ C-A) 
+ co§laC " A - B). 

,y Google 


12. Prove the formulsB 

a h e 

sin A sin B sin C^ 

connecting tbe sides and angles of a triangle. 

Find the side h having given that A zz 27°, 
J3 = 61°, a = 4275 feet. 

Log 4-275= -6309361. 
i sin 27° = 9-6670468. 
i sin 6r = 9-9418193. 
Log 8-2868= -9167058. 
Log 8-2859= -9157111. 

The Board of Examiners. 


1. Find the polar equation of a straight line. 

Two straight lines at right angles are at given 
distances from the pole. Find the polar equation 
of the locus of their intersection. 

2. Find the equation of the tangent at any point of 

the circle cc* + y^ = «*. 

Find the general equation of a circle, touching 
the axes of x and y, 

3. Find the locus of the middle points of a system of 

parallel chords of a parabola. 

Shew that the locus of the middle point of a 
chord of a parabola which passes through a 
fixed point is another parabola. 

,y Google 


4. Find the relation between the eccentric angles of. 

the extremities of conjugate diameters in the 

Lines are drawn through the foci of an ellipse 
perpendicular respectively to a pair of conjugate 
diameters. Shew that toe locus of their inter- 
section is a concentric ellipse. 

5. State and prove the rule for finding the differen- 

tial coefficient of a junction of a function. 

Find the differential coefficients of 

cos log X, log cos Xf (log x) *•*. 

6. Enunciate and prove Leibnitz's theorem. 

Find the n^ differential coefficients of 
{x sin xy, (x cos x)^, (xe^y. 

7. If {a) = 0, >// (a) = prove that 

^" = «;//(a?)""-^^=>' {X) 

Find the limits when a? = of 
a: — sin a? cos x sin"* a; — a? sin~* x 

a^ ^ X ^ tan~*a?' 

8. Investigate a rule for finding maxima and minima 

values of a function of one independent variable. 
Find the greatest and least values of 
a cos^a? + b sin% + 2A cos x sin x. 

9. State and prove the rule for integration by parts. 

^ cos {bx + c)f ^a? + x^i ofi sin x. 

,y Google 


10. Shew how to find the partial fractions corres- 
ponding to a repeated factor of the first degree 
in the decomposition of a rational fraction. 


11. Find a formula for the volume of a solid of 

Find the volume generated by the revolution 
about the axis of x of a loop of the curve 

ay = a*(tt« - a?«). 

ITie Board of Examiners. 

1. Explain the use of the method of indeterminate 

multipliers in solving questions of maxima and 

Find the maximum and minimum value of r 

r2 = a?« + y» + A 

^' 4. y' + ?! - 1 

^ "^ "^ + c^ - ■"• 
Ix + my + nz :=: 0, 

2. Shew how to find the rectilinear asymptotes of a 

curve whose equation is given in the form 

E 2 

,y Google 


Find the asymptotes of the curve 
xy (ax + by + e) + a'x + b't/ + (f =z 0. 

8. Prove the rules for differentiatiog the integral 


(i) With respect to a, 
(ii) With respect to b, 
(iii) With respect to c. 
Find the value of 



(a + *cosa:)" + ^ 
having given that b is less than a. 

4. Define the first and second Eulerian integrals, and 
state and prove the relation connecting them. 



sin'^a cos'^a de 

in terms of gamma Unctions. 

5. Shew that hy a proper choice of axes the equations 
of any two straight lines can be written in the 

yrziPtanal y=— a? tan a ) 

z zzc J z z=: ^ c y 

,y Google 


Find the locus of a point equidistant from two 
given straight lines. 

6. Shew that there are two systems of generating 

lines on a hjperboloid of one sheet. 

Find the equations of the two generating lines 
through the pointy^ h of the surface 

;r2 + J3 - ^ - •^- 

7. Prove that all conicoids which pass through seven 

given points pass through another fixed point. 

Shew that the polar planes of a fixed pointy 
with respect to a system of conicoids through 
seven given points, pass through a fixed point. 

8. Shew how to integrate the homogeneous equation 

^ =/(!)■ 


dy __ ax-^by -^ c 
^ "■ a'a? + Vy + c' ' 

9. Shew how to find the complementary function ot 

the general linear equation in two variables, with 
constant coefficients. 

Integrate the equation 

-_^ + »* y = «cos mx. 

(i) when mzzn. (ii) when m^n. 

,y Google 


10. Give the theory of the solution of the simultaneous 

dx ^ dy ^ dz 
X""T"" Z 
where -X", Y, Z&re given functions of a?, y, 2;. 

adx _ bdy __ cdz 
(J — c)yz "" {c — a)zx "" (a — b)xy * 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. How are the foldings of the older sedimentary 

rocks, e.g., those of the Silurian rocks of Vic- 
toria, usually accounted for ? 

2. What are the chief indications that would enable 

you to infer the former existence of Glaciers in a 
country where they do not now occur ? 

8. Briefly mention the chief theories that have been 
advanced to account for Volcanic eruptions, 
stating the one you prefer, with reasons for your 

4. Explain clearly the following:— "Dip," ^'Strike," 
** Anticline," and "Syncline," and write down the 
usual signs by which they are represented on 
geological maps. 

,y Google 


6. Draw a rough section showing a ^^ Fault" in a 
series of strata including a coal seam, and 
indicate what is meant by ^'Hade'* and 
" Throw," and how they are measured. 

6. Distin^sh between ''Stratification/' "Lamina- 
tion, " Foliation," and *' Cleavage," both as to 
appearances presented and as to their origin. 

'7. Explain clearly the several different principles 
upon which the classification of IgneoUs rocks 
may be based. 

8. Write out Moh's scale of Hardness, with 

Breithaup's modifications, and explain the 
methods of ascertaining the hardiness of a 

9. Write down the general chemical formulae and 

the crystalline system of the following rock- 
forming minerals : — " Quartz," " Orthodase 
Felspar," "Biotite Mica," "Hornblende," and 

10. Briefly define the six usually recognised systems 
of Crystallization, both as to the number, 
relative length, and relative position of their 
crystailographic axes, and as to their optical 

,y Google 



The Board of Examiners. 

1. Enumerate in descending order all the formations 

and subformations of the Cainozoic and Mesozoic 
series of rocks, specially noting any that are 
represented in Victoria. 

2. Name and briefly describe some common genera of 

Molluscs, the presence of which would enable 
you to distinguish a Fresh Water deposit from a 
Brackish Water or a Marine one. 

8. Mention and e^ve generic characters of some types 
of Mammafs; the remains of which are found in 
the Eocene Tertiary of the British and Paris 

4. Briefly describe the following reptilian genera — {a) 

MosasauruSy {b) Icthyosaurus, {c) Plesiosaurus, 
{d) Pterodactylus, giving their respective geo- 
logical range and chief strongholds. 

5. Name the geolo^cal position of the following 

genera : — (Molluscs) " Atruria," " Baculites/' 
" Belemnitella," " Ceratites," " Hippopodium/' 
(Echinoderms) "Ananchytes," " Hemipneustes/' 
*^ Marsupites," '^ Apiocrinus,". " Encrinus." 

6. By what MoUuscan species would you be enabled 

to discriminate between the Kimmeridge Clay 
and the Oxford Clay ? 

,y Google 


Give the more striking examples, from different 
parts of the geological series and from different 
parts of the world, of the occurrence of footprints 
of extinct animals, mentioning in each case the 
class to which they are supposed to belong, with 
the reasons for so regarding them. 

Of what formation in England is Rock Salt a striking 
feature? Explain how its presence is to be 
accounted for, and mention analogies of its 
occurrence in modern times which serve to throw 
light upon its origin in the formation in question. 

The Board of Examiners, 


. Do proper names possess extension ? Do ^^they 
possess intension ? Can they be said to be conno- 
tative ? In discussing these questions assign 
exact meanings to the principal terms employed. 

. Heduce the following propositions to logical form, 
giving in each case tne contradictory, me obverse, 
and where practicable the inverse : — 

(1) They stumble that run fast. 

(2) One may smile, and smile, and be a villain. 

(3) Not all who are learned are wise. 

(4) It is impossible that any human being can be 
entirely unsocial. 

,y Google 


3. Can Disjunctive propositions be resolved into nypo- 

theticals ? If so^ how ? Show the bearing of 
this question on the exclusive and non-exclusive 
renderings of Disjunctive propositions. 

4. Construct Syllogisms as follows : — (I) In Celarent, 

reducing directly to Camenes ; (2) In Bocardo, 
reducing directly and indirectly to the first 
figure ; (3) In Dimaris, reducing directly to the 
first and third figures. 

5. Describe the nature and uses of hypothetico-cate- 

gorical syllogisms. Are they mediate reasonings ? 

6. If U and Y were included in the recognised list of 

propositions, what would be the relation of these 
forms to one another, and to the traditional forms 
of categorical propositions^ in a table of Opposi- 

7. (a) Comment on the division of Fallacies into those 

in dictione, and those extra dictionem. (J) What 
meaning is attributed by Whately to petitio 

8. State the following in syllogistic form, and point 

out fallacies, if any : — 

(«) When you say that nine-tenths of the stories 
going about are hoaxes, you thereby admit that 
nine-tenths of your stories are hoaxes. 

(b) Since every one is likely to know his own 
interests best, and since the State should consult 
the interests of all, it follows that the right of 
voting for representatives cannot be too widely 

,y Google 


(e) The law punishes crimes^ and smuggling is 
liable to le^al punishment. It should therefore 
be regarded as a crime. 

(d) The political rights which can be justly claimed 
by women are not the same as those of men, 
since they are not subject to the same liabilities. 

9. Wherever there is smoke there is also fire or Ught ; 
wherever there is light and smoke there is also 
fire; there is no fire without either smoke or 
light. From these propositions what can you 
infer with regard to (a) circumstances where 
there is smoke; {b) circumstances where there is 
none ? Work out this question by Jevons' Indi- 
rect Method of Inference, and also by Venn's 
diagrammatic scheme. 

The Board of Examiners. 


1. Point out the uses, conditions) and limits of Defini- 

tion. Why are some names susceptible of Defi- 
nition while others are not ? 

2. Investigate the statement that ^^not one iota is 

added to the proof* of an inference to a particu- 
lar case by interpolating a general proposition 
which includes it. 

,y Google 


3. ^^GoUiffation is not always induction; but induction 

is always colligation." Consider this sentence, 
referring in your answer to the meaning attached 
to coUigation (a) by Whewell j (J) by Mill. 

4. Reproduce, with any comments, Mill's remarks on 

permanent causes, or original natural agents. 

5. What methods of induction are applicable when 

resort is had to experiment? Describe these 
methods folly, and illustrate them by examples. 

6. Mention any circumstances which interfere with the 

application of the inductive methods to determine 
laws of the phenomena of politics and history. 

7. Compare the statements made by Mill and Bain 

respectively on the limits to the explanation of 
laws of nature. 

8. '^ Notwithstanding the abstract superiority of an 

estimate of probability grounded on causes, it is 
a fact that in almost all cases in which chances 
admit of estimation sufficiently precise to render 
their numerical appreciation of any practical 
value, the numerical data are not drawn from 
knowledge of the causes, but from experience 
of the events themselves.'* Explain the " abstract 
superiority" and the "fact" here mentioned, 
giving illustrations. 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 


1. In classifying mental phenomena, it is frequently 

said, we are grouping together aspects or phases 
rather than separate facts. Explain fully the 
reasons for this statement. 

2. What is meant by a " Faculty ? " Discuss the 

statement that there is a well-marked order in 
the growth of the Intellectual Faculties. 

3. Analyze the elements contained in *' Active Touch." 

What value should be attributed to these in the 
process of Perception ? 

4. Examine Sully's account of Esthetic Imagination. 

5. State concisely the problem proposed by Kant — 

(1) in his Transcendental ^Esthetic ; (2) in his 
Transcendental Analytic. 

6. Give the leading features of Kant's Deduction ot 

the Categories. 

7. Examine Kant's principle of Anticipations of Sense. 

With what Categories is this principle connected, 
and how ? 

8. '' Matter then, in its ultimate nature, is as absolutely 

incomprehensible as Space and Time. Frame 
what suppositions we may, we find on tracing 

,y Google 


out their implications that they leave us nothing 
but a choice between opposite absurdities. 
Discuss the reasons on which Spencer bases this 

9. Enlain the philosophical point of yiew from which 
Spencer seeks to reconcile Science and Religion. 

The Board of Exavniners. 

1. Describe the characteristics of Belief. Would 

yon distinguish between Judgment and Belief ? 
If so, how ? 

2. Give an account of Bain's treatment of (^onstruc- 

tive Association. Examine particularly the value 
which he ascribes to Association in the construc- 
tions of science. 

S. Consider Bain's analysis of Abstraction, in con- 
nexion with the doctrines of Realism, Concep- 
tualism, and Nominalism, as contained in his 
chapter entitled '* Abstraction — The Abstract 

4. Enumerate the precepts of Method laid down by 

Descartes, adding any comments. 

5. Exhibit the nature of the Ontological argument 

of Descartes, referring in your answer to the 
criticism of Kant. 

,y Google 


6. Show the connexion^ in Kant's Transcendental 

Analytic, of the Analytic of Notions and the 
Analytic of Judgments. 

7. What is meant by Kant by the Antithetic of Pure 
. Eeason? Illustrate by the fourth antinomy. 

What is Kant's solution of this antinomy ? Aad 
any comments. 

8. Characterize Kant's attitude, in various parts of 

the Critique of Pure Beason, towards '^Things in 

9. Examine Spencer's identification of the Infinite, 

the Absolute, the First Cause, with the 
Unknowable Eeality. 

10. ''Transfigured Realism," says Spencer, ^'completes 
the differentiation of subject and object, by 
definitely separating that which belongs to the 
one from that which belongs to the other." 
Explain, and comment. 

Tbe Bowrd of Exammera, 

1. Mention various problems which, in your opinion, 

fall within the scope of Moral Philosophy. 

2. How does Plato analyze, in the Philebus, {a) the 

kinds of pleasure, (h) the kinds of knowledge ? 
And how does he describe the relation of these 
to the Good ? 

,y Google 


3. Compare Aristotle's doctrine of pleasure with 

Spencer's statements on the Relativity of pains 
and pleasures. 

4. Point out any similarities between the teaching of 

the Stoics and the ethical doctrines of Butler. 

5. Examine Kant's reasons for holdiog that, while the 

notion of duty may be drawn from the common 
use of our practical reason, it is not to be treated 
as an empirical notion. 

6. How is a categorical imperative possible? Con- 

sider Kant's answer to this question. 

7. Illustrate the difficulty of the Hedonistic calculus, 

referring to statements on the subject by Ben- 
tham and Mill. 

8. On what grounds does Spencer hold that, in man, 

the moral feelings and correlative restraints have 
arisen later than the feelings aod restraints which 
originate from other authorities? Comment on 
his doctrine. 

9. What, according to Spencer, is the origin of our 

" moral intuitions? ' And what value does he 
assign to these as a guide to conduct ? 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 


Osndldates for Kononxs must state so on their papers^ 
and no candidate is to attempt more tlian TBV 

1. Explain what is meant by the conservation oj 

energy, and what by the transformation of 
energy y and illustrate both principles by refer- 
ence to— 

(1) A clock. 

(2) A steam-engine. 

2. Define^br^?^, acceleration^ momentum. 

State Newton's first two laws of motion, and 
explain how by these laws the above three ideas 
are related. 

3. Describe Attwood's machine, explaining carefully 

the uses of its different parts. 

Describe how with it you would verify the 
formala v = at. 

4. Define pressure. Describe the construction of an 

ordinary mercurial barometer. 

Explain how and why vertical heights above 
the sea level can be measured by a barometer. 

5. Define coefficient of expansion^ for heat, and 

describe how the coefficient of linear expansion 
of a metal is determined. 


,y Google 


A hollow cubical vessel of copper holds exactly 
1 litre when its temperature is 0° C. What will 
its capacity be when its temperature is 100^ C. 
if the coemcient of linear expansion of copper 
is -000017? 

6. Explain carefully the nature of evaporation aad of 

ebullition^ distinguishing between them. 
State the laws of ebullition. 

7. Describe how to compare the radiating, and how 

the absorbing powers of various substances for 

8. Describe Rum ford's photometer and Bunsen's 

grease spot photometer, and how with each of 
them you would compare the relative intensities 
of two given lights. 

9. Define principal focuSy focal length. 

Given the focal length of a convex lens, show- 
how to determine geometrically the image formed 
by it of a given object. 

10. Describe fully the apparatus used and method of 

using it, to determine the magnetic inclination at 
a place. 

11. Explain the action of the simple voltaic cell, and 

point out its defects. 

How are these defects eliminated in a bichro- 
. mate and in a Darnell's cell ? 

12. Describe Wheatstone's bridge, and explain how 

you would compare the resistances of two given 
coils by its means.. 

,y Google 



First Papkr. 

The Board of Examiners. 

Guidldates for Kononrs must state so on their papers, 
and no candidate is to attempt more tlian TBV 

1. Describe the apparatus required for the accurate 

comparison of standards of leng^th and the mode 
of using it. 

2. Describe the air thermometer. What are its 

advantages and defects as compared with the 
mercurial thermometer ? 

3. Explain the expressions unsaturated vapour , satur^ 

ated vapour, maximum vapour tension, and 
describe how to experimentally show that the 
maximum tension of a vapour depends only on 
the temperature. 

State Dalton's laws for the mixture of a vapour 
with a gas, and explain why a given volume of 
moist air is lighter than the same volume of dry 
air at the same temperature and pressure. 

4. Describe the method adopted by Fizeau for deter- 

mining the velocity of Hght 

5. Give a geometrical construction for the subsequent 

path of a ray of light that enters a prism of any 
angle, and from your construction determine the 
condition for minimum deviation, and the value 
of the minimum deviation in terms of known 


,y Google 


6. Describe the human eye considered as an optical 

instrument. Explain what is meant bj short 
sight, long sight, and astigmatism, and show 
how these defects may be artificially remedied. 

How can the existence of the *' blind spot " be 
demonstrated ? 

7. Describe the motion by which sound is com- 

municated through the atmosphere. 

Represent graphically the displacement of the 
air at the different places along the path of the 
sound wave, and also the motion of a definite 
slice of the air at different times while it is in 

Define wave length, and give the relation 
between wave length, vibration — number, and 

8. Describe a method for comparing the velocity of 

sound in a rod with its velocity in air. 

9. Describe the construction and theory of the Wims- 

hurst machine. 

10. Define capacity and specific inductive capacity. 

Describe any method for determining the 
specific inductive capacity of a given material. 

11. Describe, and give the theory of, the potentiometer 

method for comparing electromotive forces. 

What are the advantages of this method ? 

12. Describe the Gramme dynamo. 

Digitized by Google 



Practical Examination. 

The Botvrd of Eocamvners. 

Candidates may select any BZZ of the following experi- 
ments, and will be asked to perform not more tlian 
three of those selected. 

1. Determine, by the beam compass, the ratio of the 

inch to the centimetre. 

2. Find the specific gravity of the given liquid by 

weighing the given metal in it. 

3. Determine, by measurement, the volume of the 

given solid ^ weigh it, and calculate its density. 

4. Verify Boyle's Law for pressures exceeding one 


5. Find the specific heat of the given metal, assuming 

the water equivalent of &e calorimeter as 5 

6. Determine the melting point of paraffin. 

7. Find the focal length of a mirror. 

8. Arrange an experiment to shew that yellow light 

can be produced from a mixture of red and green. 

9. Determine approximately the magnetic dip. 

10. Verify the inverse square law for magnetism by 
means of the torsion balance. 

,y Google 


11. Determine the resistance of the given coil. 

12. Determine, by the tangent ffalvanometer, the rate 

of fall of the current yielded by a bichromate 
battery when short-circuited for three minutes. 

13. Determine, by resonance, the length of the sound 

waves emitted by the given tuning-fork. 


The Board of Examiners. 

OMuflidtttos «re mot to »ttoapt noro than TBV quosUoiui, 

1* Describe how you would determine the weight of 
air (moist) contained in a room. 

5. Describe fully how to determine specific heats by 

the method of mixtures. 

8. State the Second Law of Thermodynamics, and 
thence deduce that the efficiency of a reversible 
engine is the greatest that can be obtained from 
a given range of temperature. 

4. Investigate the effect of increase of pressure on the 
melting point of ice. 

6. Light diverging from a point passes by the straight 

edge of an opaque obstacle and falls upon a 
screen. Determine the illumination produced 
both within and outside the geometrical shadow. 

,y Google 


6. Describe fully Fresnel's biprism method of deter- 
mining the wave length of sodium light. 
' Why are so many more bands visible with 
monochromatic than with white light ? 

?• What do you understand by plane polarized, 
circularly polarized, and elliptically polarized 

Give an account of the different methods of 
obtaining a beam of plane polarized light. 

Describe the construction of a NicoVs prism. 

8. Describe how to determine the magnetic dip, and 

state the reasons for each step. 

9. Define capacity. Describe the guard ring con- 

denser, and obtain a formula for its capacity. 
Describe how to compare accurately the capaci- 
ties of two condensers. 

10. Describe Carey Foster's method of comparing two 

nearly equal resistances. 

11. Describe the construction and action of a closed 

coil ring armature. 

Give diagrams showing the general arrange- 
ment of the circuits in series, shunt and com- 
pound wound dynamos. 

12. An electromotor is supplied with current at coti- 

stant potential. Determine the conditions for 
maximum efficiency and for maximum activity 

Is there any limit to the speed which it is 
theoretically possible for the above motor to 
attain ? 

,y Google 


Practical Examination. 
The Board of Examiners. 

1. Investigate the accuracy of the graduation of a 

micrometer microscope by means of a standard 

2. Calculate the water equivalent of the calorimeter 

and accessories (specific heat of brass being- 
assumed as 0-09), and find the specific heat of 
the given substance, correcting for heat lost by 

3. Determine the coefficient of expansion of glass by 

the weight thermometer. 

4. Determine the specific rotatory power of the given 


5. Find the wave length of the sodium line. 

6. Find the dip by means of Barrow's circle. 

7. Find by Thomson's method the resistance of a 


8. Compare the capacities of two condensers. 

9. Find the logarithmic decrement of the given 

vibrating body. 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 
B.Sc. — ^Fass Examination. 

1. Describe the Transit Instrument. What are the 

possible errors in its adjustment, and how are 
they determined ? 

2. Explain the difference between sidereal time and 

solar time. Explain the terms — sidereal year, 
tropical year, mean solar day, equation of time. 

The equation of time arises from two causes. 
What are they? 

Show ^aphically that the equation of time 
vanishes four times a year. 

3. Explain the phenomenon of aberration. 

In consequence of the aberration of light, 
every star appears to describe an ellipse in the 
heavens, of which the true place of the star is 
the centre. Prove this, and find the axes of the 

Calculate the constant of aberration, having 
given that it takes light 8' IS'' to traverse the 
mean radius of the earth. 

4. Explain the meaning of the term parallax, horizontal 

equatorial parallax. 

Obtain the following formula for parallax: — 

p" = aP" sin z ^ sin z cos^ z sin* 1". 

y Google 


6. Describe bow tbe distance of the earth from the 
sun has been determined by observations of the 
transit of Venus. 

6. Find the elongation of an inferior planet when 


7. Investigate the formulae for the determination of 

the solar and lunar ecliptic limits respectively. 

The Board of Examiners. 

Aamwvt fnllj uid Ctoarly WOn, and only aimer of the 
following gueBtlons. 

1. What was an Amphiktyony? What were the 

most important Amphiktyonies in Greece? 
What is known of the principles on which they 
were founded ? 

2. Describe very briefly the institutions of Lykm*gus. 

8. Mention any notable points of contrast between 
the habits and manners ascribed to the people of 
legendary Greece, and those ascribed to the 
people of historical Greece. 

4. Give some account of the Seven Wise Men. 

5. Trace carefully the consequences of the formation 

of the Confederacy of Delos. 

6. In what did Roman citizenship consist? Trace 

the history of its extension outside Rome. 

,y Google 


7. Describe the ixinctions of the several legislative 
bodies which existed under the Roman Kepublic. 

&' Examine and illustrate the causes (a) of the ill 
success which frequently attended the Romans at 
the outset of their wars, and (b) of the success 
which they finally attained. 

9. In what respects did the policy of Rome towards 
Italy change during the interval between the 
Second and Third PUnic Wars ? 

10. Summarise the chief events in the conflict between 
Rome and Mithradates, and shew how its history 
is connected with the internal political history of 

11* Shew that the imperial power was a combination 
of republican offices* Was it anything more ? 

12. Recount briefly the chief events in the reigns of 
Vespasian and Titus. 

The Board of Examiners. 


Aajnrttr ftilly and oleasly BTVB, and only nine, of tlie 
following guestionB. 

1. At the time of the Teutonic migration to Britain, 
what system of religion was practised {a) by the 
invading tribes, {h) by the Romanized Britons^ 
(e) by the non*Romanized Britons ? 

,y Google 


Give a short description of the peculiarities of 
each system. 

2. Indicate the importance of the Christian mission- 

aries in the formation of the Kingdom of Eng- 

3. Make out the best case yon can for King John. 

4. Give some account of the Mise of Amiens. 

5. What was the principle professedly involved in 

the Wars of the Roses? How far, if at all, did 
the result of the wars effect the recognition of 
that principle ? 

6. Sketch the foreign policy of Cardinal Wolsey. 

7. How do yon account for the fact, that whereas at 

the accession of Elizabeth the great bulk of the 
nation was Catholic, at her death it was mainly 

8. By what title did James the First succeed to the 

wrone of England ? 

9. Give some account of the proceedings of the second 

session of the Parliament which passed the 
Petition of Bight. 

10. What reasons appear to have guided Cromwell in 

preferring the friendship of France to that of 

11. Write a short account of the career of Lord 


12. Give some account of the ^' Popish Plot," 1678. 

,y Google 



The Board of Examiners. 

Vot more tlian VIVB q,uestloxL8 are to 1>e attempted. 

1. Indicate the policy of Elizabeth with regard to 


2. Sketch the history of English settlement in 

America during the seventeenth century. 

8. Trace the circumstances which led to the trial of 

the Seven Bishops. How far, if at all, did that 
event produce the Revolution ? 

4. What were the chief obstacles to the Union between 
England and Scotland in the reign of Anne ? 

6. What do you consider to have been the most 
important events of the reign of George the 
Second ? 

6. Trace in outline the political history of the struggle 

between Great Britain and her American 

7. State briefly the terms of the union with Ireland, 


& Give some account of the ultimate effects produced 
on English politics by the Napoleonic wars. 

9. Describe the circumstances under which the Gren- 

ville administration took office, and explain the 
several matters of importance which occurred 
during that administration. 

,y Google 


10. Trace the indirect political consequences of the 

resigiiation of Mr. Huskisson in 1828. 

11. Give some account of the English borough fran- 

chise before 1832. How was it affected by the 
legislation of that year ? 

12. Give some account of the career of Lord Dalhousie 

as Governor-General of India. 


The Board of Examiners. 

Answer ftilly and olearly TSV, and only T«n, of tbe 
following' questions. 

1. What do you consider to be the most satisfactory 

definition of the term Wealth, and for what 
reasons ? 

2. State and criticise carefully the so-called Law of 

Diminishing Returns* 

3. Is it true that the "division of labour" tends to 

produce a deteriorating effect (a) on the char*- 
acter, {h) on- the industrial efficiency, of the 
labourer ? 

4. What is Price? Normal Price? Market Price ? 

What circumstances tend to produce a variation 
between Market Price and Normal Price ? 

,y Google 


5. State the relative advantages and disadvantages of 

a paper currency. Wnat is an inconvertible 
paper currency? What, if any, are its inherent 
drawbacks ? 

6. Is it true that Rent is an element in Cost of Pro- 

duction ? If not, explain the reason fully. 

7. Define the term Profit. Can you trace any 

analogy between Profit and Rent ? 

8. Define the term interest. Has the ordinaiy rate 

of interest tended to increase or decrease during 
the past three centuries ? For what reasons? 

9. Can there be such a thing as " over-production '* 

generally ? If not, what is the meaning of the 
term " ovei'-production " ? 

10. What are the conditions under which productive 

industrial co-operation may be expected to suc- 
ceed in an economically developed country? 
What, to your mind, are its prospects in Victoria 
within, say, the present generation ? 

11. Show how the introduction into industry of the 

principle of mastership tends (a), to increase the 
productive power of industry, and (J), to incur 
occasional heavy losses. How, if at all, may the 
latter be avoided ? 

12. State and criticise the theory of taxation which 

Professor Walker describes as the '* Social 
Dividend *' theory^ 

,y Google 



Professor Marshall-Hall 


1. What are the outward forms through which the 

inner spirit of Tone-Poetry reveals itself ? 

2. Give a brief account of their nature and effect. 

3. What are the characteristics of the Adagio, and 
what of the Allegro ? 

4. To which do the following examples belong ? 
State reasons : — 



> y ^ 3 3 N 

""<'■-'''..■.■ I . .rJMJ^ 



Digitized by Google 


'iinJpj,;J| m] i ^ 


'J' tTt tit 








g" fc | J * ^ ^ * 





8 ,3 

l"i ^ i Whs^ M 




Digitized by Google 


'■''•'ii ih ro 



fJft t V^JCn*?fl 

J .nr . rrp 


.i" i ^' *'" 'a. " I I 


-J ki :i:'^±i I 

o ' 










Digitized by Google 







^^^ SJ>.- 


b'^ i^ I, J J r r I ^=1^;;^ 







O 2 

Digilizedb, Google 



f ^ilj^ ^Z 


r r 


r r 


1,13' ' ^ ^ ^ JM "^. 


b 1 * jt|W * ^ 


5. Re-copj Example A, employing a different stave 

for each part, to which add expression and 
phrasing-marks, shewing the exact interpretation 
of the music. Give your reasons for such. 

6. Transcribe and add marks of expression to bars 9 

and 10 of the Introduction to Beethoven's op. 13; 
also to bars 1-8, and 17-22 of the Adagio 
cantabile (Quote melody only). Give your 
reasons for such, as before. 

?• Should every note in the first 48 bars of Beeth- 
oven's op. 2 No. 1 be played in strict time ? If 
not, quote exceptions, and explain them. 

,y Google 


Profeuor Marshall' Hall. 


1. Write down the following Intervals : — 
(a) An Augmented Second from — 

^> 1 ^^> I I 

(b) A Diminished Seventh and Third from— 

2. Write three parts in close position below Example 
A, and above Example B, using only Triads in 
root position. 

Example A. 








rJ rJ \ cJ i=Jt: 




Digitized by Google 





Example B. 






g^ ^>l>o l 





? I b ^^ 




a=^iJ | 'ij | li 




3. Write down the Chord of the Dominant Seventh in 

the Key of G [>, and its inversions ; resolve each 
of these in three different ways. 

4. Add three parts below the following melody. 

Where possible use Secondary Choms of the 
Seventh: — 












l #rJff< 

Digitized by Google 






5. Add three parts above the followingr Bass : — 








8 7 6 






? # tf« 




6. Add three parts below the following Melody, sus- 
taining the rhythm by the harmony and by the 
use of passing notes : — 





Digitized by Google 


f i ;r"TrjJ-ii:t 






■' *^ 











7. Resolve the following Chords in two ways: — 

(a) ^) 'i^» II w ^qg II W ^^ 

Digitized by Google 


8. Correct any mistake or crudity in the followiof^ 
harmonies : — 





re 'r rr(' f ^ 










9* Write down a Perfect, Imperfect^ and Plagal 

Question Jbr Honour Candidates only. 
Add three parts below the following melody: — 



Digitized by Google 



P ti | *f 






^1 — ^ 







€J ^ P 





Note. — ^The officer in charge will, on application, 
supply candidates with the printed questions on 
Gountei'point, at the termination of this ezami* 

Digitized by Google 


Professor MarshalUHalh 


Two-part Counterpoint. 

1. (a) Write two notes against the one of the given 
G.F. above it 3 (b) and four notes against one 
beneath it 

f\ 4f 

V * 1 


/i #r 



In^ *^I ^ r^ 


w; ^i ' 







-e^ -cr 

S. (a) Write free florid Counterpoint above the givto 
C.P.; (b) ditto below it. 








Digitized by Google 


8. Write free florid Counterpoint (a) above and (Jb) 
beneath the following melody:— 

f '!^:/ i UjJ 



u n^ i i ^ 



-L'' % 




Three-part Counterpoint. 

4. Above the C.F. write a part of four notes against 
one, and below it a free florid part. 





C3 ' Q 


Digitized by Google 


5. Below the following subject write a free florid 
Tenor part against four notes in the Bass: — 








6. Add two free florid parts above the following 







: ^ I h^> 






For Honour, Candidates only, 

(a) Add two free florid parts below the following 
melody : — 


m jTFi n^ 

Digitized by Google 


f " ' Lilj ' . ' d 


if I'kj ^ 






(J) Write not more than Twenty, nor less than 
Ten bars of free florid Three-part Counterpoint, 
to a florid subject of your own selection. 

JV.-B. — Beauty and Character in the melodt/ of the 
Counterpoint will be considered more worthy 
than a pedantic attention to elementary rules. 

Digitized by Google 


Professor MarshalUHalL 


!• Compare briefly the main outlines of Beethoven's 
conception of Form as embodied in Sonata No, 
8, Op. 13 (Pathetic), with that of Shakespeare 
in his tragedies. 

2. What is the emotional significance of key ? Why 

are the chief subjects of a Beethoven tone-poem 
enunciated in different keys, and for what reason 
does he generally avoid the dominant for his 
second chief subject ? 

3. What is an episode, and what its emotional si^i- 

ficance, and that of the discontinuity of Key 
which it generally involves ? 

4. Show briefly the connecting links between Primary, 

Fugue, Variation, Rondo, and Binary Forms. 

5. Analyse the first movement of Beethoven's Op. 13^ 

pointing out the different moods therein, their 
intimate connection, and the mode of transition 
one to another. 

6. Make a brief and merely pedantic analysis of the 

Andante un poco Adagio of Sonata No. 8, maj. 
of Mozart. 

7. Comment on the spirit in which the Form of the 

Allegretto of Beethoven's Op. 10, No. 2, is 

,y Google 


Professor Marshall- Hali. 


1. Give a brief sketch of llie direct manner in which 

music acts upon man's physical being, and show 
that it is a aevelopment and idealization of the 
emotional side of speech. 

2. Prove that music conveys absolutely definite emo- 

tions; and show where the vulgar notion that 
music is an indefinite language is wrong. 

8. Account for the &ct that certain people in certain 
cases are differently impressed by music, and that 
men of great emotional capacity often use entirely 
different figures of speech in endeavouring to 
reproduce in words the emodous conveyed to 
them by music. 

4. Explain the following sentence — "The effect of 
music is much more powerM and penetrating 
than that of the other arts, for they speak only 
of shadows J but it speaks of the thing itself ^ 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners, 

1. Consider how far the element of ffenerality is 

necessary to a law. Discuss in this aspect the 
claim of the following to rank as laws : — 

(a) The orders issued by a commanding officer for 
the conduct of a sham fight. 

(&) The rules laid down by a firm of manufac- 
turers for the conduct of their employ Ss during 
business hours. 

(c) The Rules of a Building Society. 

(d) The Rules of the Game of Chess. 

2. filackstone says that Municipal Law is a rule of 

civil coTiduct. What meaning would you attach 
in this definition to the words italicized? 

3. What is meant by a State, regarded as a pheno- 

menon of political society ? 

4. State and criticise Blackstone's distinction between 

a General and a Particular Custom. 

6. Professor Holland has aptly termed International 
Law the "vanishing point of Jurisprudence." 
What is the meaning of this aphorism ? 

6. Define and explain the nature of a corporation or 
universitas juris. 


,y Google 


7. Distioguish between Contract and Conyejance. 

Point out the reapeetire shares of each in the 
operation of Sale. 

8. What is the meaning of domicil? For what pur- 

poses is it usually of importance in legal systems? 

9. Discuss the soundness and practical convenience 

of the distinction between Public and Private 

10. Write a short note on the juristic character of the 

relationship between parent and child. 

11. Define carefully and illustrate the nature of a 

jus in personam. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Distinguish between fas and jus. What were 

the aies nefasti ? 

2. State the origin and principal rules of Homan Law 

dSecting faei'Commissa. 

3. What were the chief constitutional reforms aimed 

at by Caius Gracchus? How far were they 
accomplished ? 

4. Indicate the constitutional changes effected by the 

Sullan Hevolution. 

,y Google 


5. DiscUBS shortly the n&ture of the office of tribunns 


6. Describe the nature and incidents of the contract 


f. Enumerate the chief duties of a tutor according 
to Roman Law. 

8. Wh2ct wBspecuUiim? Suggest the nature of its 

influence on the development of Boman Law. 

9. What was the caput of Roman Law, and how 

could it be forfeited ? 

10. Eor what changes in the Law of Procedure is the 

reign of Diocletian important in the history of 
Roman Law ? 

11. Reproduce the principal rules of intestate succes- 

sion laid down by the Novels of Justinian 
(118th and 12?l4i>* 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. By what means can the Crown hinder the passing 

into law of a measure to which it is opposed 7 

2. Describe briefly the process known as impeach- 

ment. Why was it introduced, and what is its 
present value ? 




8. It has been said that a House of Lords which 
persistently rejects measures presented by the 
House of Goo&mons may be coerced by the creation 
of new peers. How far does history sanction 
this view ? 

4. Give a^brief account of the chief occasions in 

Englisn history which appear to be inconsistent 
with the rule that parliament cannot meet unless 
summoned by the Crown's writ, 

5. How is it that appeals from Colonial Courts go to 

a Committee of the Privy Council? 

6. What were the distinguishing marks of free and 

villein tenure respectively in the days of Bracton? 

7. How was the introduction of Parliamentary 

government into Victoria provided for by the 
Constitution of 1842 (5 & 6 Vic. c. 76)? 

8. Shew how the theory of the Crown ownership of 

the soil has been of general importance in the 
Constitutional History of Victoria. 

9. Write a short note on the Executive Council of 


10. Sketch in outline the history of a Parliamentary 

,y Google 


The Board of ExamtTiers. 

1. Trace the influence of the Crimean war upon the 

development of International Law ? 

2. What were the real points at issue in the Trent 

case ? 

3. Enumerate the chief restrictions placed upon the 

use of destructive weapons in time of war. 

4. How far is it tnie to say that International Law 

only takes account of sovereign states ? 

5. Do you consider that the United States were 

justified^ in the then condition of International 
Law, in making a claim against England for the 
damage done by the Alabama ? 

6. What was the actual rule, as to succession to 

interests in English land, laid down by the case 
of Birtwhistle v. Vardill? 

7. On what grounds do the English courts consider 

foreign tribunals to be justified in entertaining 
proceedings to enforce contracts ? In what way 
does the question come before the English courts ? 

8. State exactly how far the lex fori is important in 

deciding as to the rights of parties claiming in 
the English courts under a contract made 

,y Google 


9. What is meant by the '^ personal capacity'* of an 
individual for purposes of Private International 

10. Succession duty is daimed by the British Crown 
upon a succession to an interest under a settle- 
ment executed abroad. What is the principle 
which tlie courts follow in deciding upon such a 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. State the estates, legal or equitable, which would 
be conferred on each of the persons mentioned 
by a grant of lands in the terms in each of the 
fcUowing cases, distinguishing in each case 
whether the estate is or is not an estate of free- 

(a) To A and his heirs to have and to hold unto 
A and his heirs to the use of B. 

(S) To ii to have and to hold unto A to the use 
of ^ and his heirs. 

(t) To A and his heirs to have and to hold unto A 
bis heirs to the use of B and his heirs upon trust 
for C and his heirs. 

(d) To A for twenty-one years to the use of B. 

(e) To A and his heirs to have and to hold to the 
use of B for ninety-nine years if he so long live. 

Give in each case the reasons for your answer* 

,y Google 


2. A hj deed demises a farm and lands to JB for 
seven years, J3 covenants to keep the buQdings 
in repair and not to cut down red gum timber; 
and the lease contains a proviso for re-entiy 
upon breach by B of any ox the covenants. 6 
allows the buildings to get out of repair and cuts 
down red-gum timber. -4, the day before a pay- 
ment of rent falls due^ sees B and remonstrates 
with him for having broken the covena;nts; the 
next day B tenders the rent which is accepted 
by Af but B does not put the building[s in repair. 
Is A entitled to, re-enter for the breach of either 
or both covenants ? Give the reasons tov your 

a« What is requisite to constitute a good assignment 
of an equitable estate in landi? Give the 
reasons for your answer*. 

4» Under what circumstances does the right to fore- 
close a mortgage of land under the old system 
arise ? How is it exercisable ? What is the 
uhimate effect of its exercise ? 

5. Under what circumstances does the right to fore- 
close a mortgaj^e of land under the Transftr of 
Land Act 1890 arise ? How is it exercisable ? 
What is the ultimate effect of its exercise ? 

Q. Ar ^^ registered proprietor of land, being absent 
ifrom the colony, -B, by means of a forged trans- 
fer, procures himself to be registered as proprie- 
tor; afterwards B dies and C^ who is ignorant of 
the fraud, obtains administration to his estate and 
procures himself to be registered as proprietor 

,y Google 


of the land. C then sells and transfers part 
of the land to D. Ay returning to the colony, 
discovers the fraud ; is A entitled to recover. 

{a) The land of which C remains registered pro- 
prietor ? 

(J) The land of which D is registered proprietor. 

Give the reasons for your answer. 

7. A, by instrument in writing, assigns his stock in 

trade as a retail grocer to B. The instrument 
purports to be an absolute assignment in con- 
sideration of the sum of £500 paid by B to A^ 
and is registered as a bill of sale under Part VI. 
of the Instruments Act 1890. The transaction 
is really a mortgage to secure a present advance 
of £500 hj B U^A and interest, and A remains 
in possession and pays interest, but the proviso 
for redemption is not reduced to writing. Nine 
months after the registration of the instrument, 
A^s estate is sequestrated for the benefit of his 
creditors. Who is entitled to the stock in trade ? 
Give the reasons for your answer. 

8. A steals a bag belonging to By in it there is a 

watch, a Victorian Government debenture for 
£100, a five-pound note, and two sovereigns. 
A sells the watch to Cy a watchmaker and 
jeweller, who exposes it for sale in his shop in 
Melbourne and sells it to Z>. A sells the deben- 
ture to Ey a broker, and he gives the five-pound 
note and the two sovereigns to Fy a tailor, in pay- 
ment for a suit of clothes. C, J9, and E are all 
honA Jlde purchasers, and F a bona fide payee, 
without notice that the property had been stolen. 

,y Google 


Can B recover his property in all or any, and if 
so, which of the foregoing cases ? Give the 
reasons for your answer. 

9. -4, one of two partners, dies, leaving B, the other 
partner, him surviving; at the death of A the 
partnership assets comprise land which was con- 
veyed to the use of A and B and their heirs, 
personal chattels in the possession of the firm, 
and book debts. Who is entitled — 

(a) To the legal estate in the land ? 

(h) To the personal chattels ? and 

{c) To sue for the book debts ? 

10, A dies seized of lands to which he is entitled 
beneficially, and also of lands of which he is sole 
trustee, having made a will disposing only 
of personal estate by which he appointed B 
executor. Probate of the will is granted to By 
but shortly afterwards B dies, having made a 
will by which he devises and bequeaths all his 
real and personal estate to (7, his widow, and 
appoints her his executrix. Probate of B^s will 
is granted to C. 

{a) In whom is the legal estate in the lands to 
which A was beneficially interested vested ? 

(fe) Whose duty is it to apply these lands to the 
purposes for which they are applicable? 

(c) In whom is the legal estate in the lands to 
which A was entitled when trust vested ? 

(d) Whose duty is it to administer the trusts upon 
which A held them ? 

Give the reasons for your answers. 

,y Google 


11. A woman who is indebted and ako entitled to a 

house and land marries, aod previous to and in 
consideration of the marriage, conveys the same 
to trustees upon trust for herself for life for her 
separate use without power of anticipation, and 
after her death upon trust for her intended hus- 
band for his life ; and after the death of both of 
them, upon trust for the issue of the marriage, 
and if tnere should be no such issue, for herself 
absolutely. After the marriage has been duly 
solemnized, what are the rights (if any) of the 
creditors with respect to this property? Give 
die reasons for yonr answer. 

12. Bzplain the meaning of the following terms: — 

Bottomry bond, interesse termini, seisin trustee, 
executor de son tort^ donatio mortis causa, certi- 
ficate of title. 

The Board of Examinen* 
possible, gftve the rewioss ii»r jreiup uiswtr. 

1. State briefly the rules which govern Offer and 

Acceptance, or the communication of a common 
intention to create an Obligation. 

2. Discuss and illustrate the chief exceptions to the 

general rule that a corporation i^gregate can 
only be bound by contraets under the seal of the 

,y Google 


3. ^ and JB verbally ag^ree that A shall sell and B shall 
purchase six liags of sugar at £2 per bag, the goods 
to be sent by carrier named by B. The same 
afternoon the sugar was sent by the carrier, but 
was damaged in carriage, and B refused to 
receive or pay for it. Some months afterwards 
Jt implied for payment, and B wrote in answer 
to the application, in a letter addressed to A and 
signed by By that ''in regard to the six bags of 
sugar purchased from you at £2 per bag, I have 
never received the same, and have long since 
declined to have them, for reasons made known 
to you at the time«" Could A succeed in an 
action against B for goods bargained and sold ? 

1. In what respects is Inadequacy of Consideration of 
importance in actions on contracts ? 

6. Illustrate by examples any class of cases which, in 
your opinion, is an exception to the general rule 
that a past consideration is in effect no considera- 
tion at alL 

6. State and illustrate the ways in which the right of 

a person to obtain a judicial avoidance of a 
contract on the ground of fraud ia limited. 

7. State briefly the chief rules specially rela,tii^ to 

agreexnent? in restraint of trade. 

8. In what cases will impossibility of performance 

arising subsequently to the formation of a contract 
operate as a aischarge of the contract ? 

8* State briefly th^ chief rights of an agent against 
^is prinqipal, and of a principal against hia agent. 

,y Google 


10. Ay for jffs accommodation^ makes a promissory 

note payable to B or order. J5, by indorse- 
ment in blank, indorses the note to Cy who is 
a holder in due course. C hands the note to D 
as a gift, and D^ shortly after the note matures, 
sues A on the note. The note has never been 

E resented for payment, and no notice of dishonour 
as been given. State your opinion as to the 
result of the action. 

11. State the principal ways in which, apart from 

express authority, a partner in an ordinary 
trading partnership may bind the firm of which 
he is a member. 

12. What persons are deemed to be members of a 

company incorporated under the Companies Act 
1890 Part I.? 


The Board of Examiners. 

Explain what is meant by the expression '^ natural 
or probable" cause, in relation to damages 
arising from a wrongful act. 

In Glover v. The London and 8.W. Rly. Coy,j 
the plaintiff, being a passenger on the railway^ 
was charged by the company's ticket collector, 
wrongly as it turned out, with not having a 
ticket, and was removed from the train by the 

,y Google 


company's serrants, with no more force than 
was necessary for the purpose. He left a pair 
of race-glasses in the carriage, which were lost. 
Give your opinion as to the liability of the 
company for the loss. 

3. Define ^^ negligence " as the basis of an action for 

a Wrong. In The Bailiffs of Romney Marsh 
V. The Trinity House, a cutter belonging to the 
corporation of the Trinity House had, by negli- 
gent navigation, struck on a shoal about three- 
quarters of a mile outside the plaintiffs' sea-wall. 
Becoming unmanageable, the vessel was inevi- 
tably driven by strong wind and tide against 
the sea-wall, and did much damage to it. 
Discuss the position of the defendants. 

4. Mention the leading provisions of Part 2 of the 

Wrongs Act 1890 (Wrongful Act or neglect 
causing death. Lord Campbell's Act 9 & 10 
Vict., c. 93). 

5. Illustrate the maxim, ^^ Saturn §uis habere non 

potest, quod ipsitts nomine non est gestum.'* 

6. Discuss the liability of a master, at common law, 

for the wrongful acts of his servant. Define the 
term *^ master " in this connexion. 

7. The owners of a colliery company, after partly 

sinking a shaft, agree with a contractor to finish 
the work for them, on the terms, among others, 
that engine-power and engineers to work the 
engine, are to be provided by the owners. The 
engine that has been used in sinking the shaft 
is handed over accordingly to the contractor. 

,y Google 


The same engineer remains in charge of it^ and 
is still paid by the owners, but is under the 
orders of the contractor. A man is injured by 
the negligence of the engineer. Your opinion is 
requested as to the proper party to make 
defendant in an action at the suit of the injured 

8. In what cases are defamatory spoken words 

actionable without special damage r 

9. Explain the defence of " privilege" in actions for 

defamation. Into what two classes is the subject 
divided? Upon what principle is "privilege" 
allowed as a defence ? 

10. In Barnes v. Ward, the defendant, a builder. 

had left the area of an unfinished house, opeti and 
unfenced. A person lawfully walking after dark 
along the public path on which the nouse abut- 
ted, fell into the area and was injured. Upon 
what grounds was the defendant held to be 
liable ? 

11. Explain what is meant by accessories {a) before 

the fact, and {I) after the fact. 

12. Into what classes is " homicide " divided ? Define 

Burglary, Arson, Larceny at Common Law. 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners* 

1. Explain and illustrate the following maxims:-^— 

•' He who seeks equity, must do equity.*' 
'' He who comes into equity must come with 
dean hands." 

'^ Equity aids the vigilant and not the indo- 

2. Explain the following division of equitable juris- 

diction: — 

'* The original exclusive jurisdiction of equity.* 
"The concurrent jurisdiction of equity." 
'^ The auxiliary jurisdiction of equity. 

3. How is the above division of equitable jurisdiction 

affected by the provisions of the Judicature Act 
(1883), particularly the divisions *' concurrent" 
and " auxiliary" jurisdiction ? 

4. Explain the change effected by Order LV. of the 

judicature rules, in the former practice of courts 
of equity in administrative actions, where the 
opinion or direction of the court upon isolated 
questions is asked for by a beneficiary ? 

5. State the distinction between^^ 

" An implied trust." 
*' A consti-uctive trust." 

6. Bzplttn the meaning of the expression — 

^Equity never wantd a trustee." 

,y Google 


7. Under what circumstances will specific perform- 

ance of a parol contract within the Statute of 
Frauds be enforced in equity ? 

8. What is the rule in equity as to the admissibility 

of evidence of a parol variation of^ or addition to, 
a written contract when offered on behalf of — 

(a) A plaintiff in compelling specific performance. 

(b) A defendant in resisting specific performance. 

9. What are the respective stages in a cause at which 

temporary and perpetual injunctions respectively 
will be granted ? 

10. Define th^ following terms : — 


Nominal damages. 


Substantial damages. 


Compensatory damages. 


Direct damages. 


Consequential damages. 

(J') Exemplary damages. 


Special damages. 


Penal damages. 

11. In an action for the recovery of land in which the 

" defence " is ^* possession " (pleaded under 21 
Order XXI.), npon which party (plaintiff or 
defendant) does the burthen of proof of title lie — 
refer to authority. 

12. State the distinction between "primary" and 

" secondary " evidence, and under what circum- 
stances is secondary evidence admissible ? 

,y Google 



The Board of Examiners, 

Vot more tlian BIZ questions to be attempted. 

1. Define and illustrate the terms strength^ stability, 

redundancy, modulus of rupture, modulus of 
section, yield point, autograpnic diagram, hori- 
zontal shear. 

2. A beam of cast-iron, 1 inch square and 1 foot 

long, supported at each end, breaks with a 
central load of 1 ton. Compute the breaking 
load of a beam 1 inch wide, 2 inches deep, and 
3 feet long under each of the subjoined con- 

ditions — 

{a) Supported at each end, and loaded uniformly. 

(V) Supported at each end, and loaded 6 inches 
from one end. 

{e) Supported at each end, and at the centre, and 
loaded uniformly. 

(d) Supported 7 inches irom each end, and loaded 

3, Show how you would proceed to determine 

graphically the modulus of section of a railway 

4. Make a sketch of a lattice girder, having a double 

triangulation at 45^ in seven panels, and deter- 
mine the stresses with a load of 5 on each upper 
panel point. 


,y Google 


5. Make a sketch of some simple form of roof truss, 

and determine the stresses under assumed valaqs 
of weight of covering and wind pressure. 

6. Write an essay on the determination of the ulti- 

mate and working strength of long columns of 
various cross sections. 

7. tVhat is meant by the tearing area, shearing area, 

bearing area, and efficiency of rivetted joints ? 
Illustrate your answer by an example fully 
calculated out. 

8. What is meant by the funicular polygon ? Illus- 

trate your answer by a numerical example fully 
worked out. 

9. A Cornish steam-boiler has its outer shell 6 feet 

3 inches, and its furnace tube 3 feet 6 inches in 
diameter. It is 20 feet long, and is provided 
with a dome and itaanhole. Determine the thick- 
ness of plates, mode of rivetting, and arrangitaient 
of stays, Ac, suitable to a working pressure of 
80 lbs. per square inch. 

10. Write an essay upon the apnlia'nces used, rute* to 
be observed, ana usual results obtained in testing 
cast and wrought iron. 

,y Google 

FIRM PASS EXAMIMiiTIOK, 6&i., 1891. 115 






I 2 

,y Google 






ca g 





-S o 

a a 


Sa "^ 




q) U* 










o fl &• 

id o^S 

^ .^ « 

m a< ® 


1<8 OS 




;s .SP ® o "2 


OS Pi 

T3 g g8 ® 

-g^^ « 

.213 ^ ►•►;2 

«« s a §^ p* 



,y Google 



! n 

< 1 7 

























• ri 



















4A "^ 




,y Google 



The Board of Mcaminers. 

1. Describe fiillj, with sketches, the construction, 
mode of adjustment, and use of an ordinary 
drawing board, with T and set square. 

S. Show hoy to set out a perpendicular at one end of 
a given line, which, owing to proximity to the 
edge of the paper, caunot oe produced. 

3. Show how to find the centre of a given arc of a 


4. What do you mean by good and bad intersectioqs ? 

Illustr^t« your answer by sketches. 

5. Describe a mechanical method of drawing a true 


Dra^ a parabola whose jatus rectum is 6 

6. Make an isometrical dri^wing of two university 

calendars, one lying flat, and the otber standing 
vertically and centraUy pn the first. (Note. — 
The dimensions of the jl^ok are 7 inches, 5 inches, 
and 1^ inches.) 

7. Make a perspective drawing of the object referred 

to in the last questioi), showing all lines of 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. Make a drawing of a timber bridge, 8 openings of 

15 feet; piles, 16 inehes diameter at head, stand- 
ing 12 feet above the surface ; beams, 16 inches 
by 7 inches; braces, 9 inches by 4 inches; wal- 
ings, 12 inches by 6 inehes; decking, 8 inches 
b^ 5 inches; hand rail, 4 feet 6 iniches high; 
uprights* 4 inches !by 4 inches; top rail, 4 inches 
by 4 inches, jounded at top; two intermediate 
rails, 4 inches by 2 inches; uprights to be bolted 
to main beams; kerbing, Ip inehes by 6 inches 
Ht bottom, and 4 inches at top; bridge to be 

16 feet wide, and to have 4 rows of piles and 
4 beams in width of bridge. 

S. Take out quantities for above bridge, piles to be of 
ironbark, running 12 feet into ground; beams 
and braces of ironoark, hand rail of pine, balance 
of timber of approved hardwood, bolts of 1 inch 
diameter wherever required. Piles, beams, wal- 
ings, underside, and all joints of decking to be 
tarred; hand rail to be painted; iron straps of 
2 inches by \ inch, at least 2 feet long, to attach 
top rail to uprights; decking to be spiked down 
with 9-inch spikes. 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. What are the points to be kept in view in choosing 
the mte and l^yiog out the streets and atlptments 

,y Google 


of a township situated on the banks of a large 
river. Name some townships so situated and 
criticise their location. 

2. How would you proceed in order to choose a suit- 

able site for a cemetery at an important country 

3. Discuss the relative advantages and disadvantages 

of following a spur or a v^ley, in the case of ^ 
road leading from the low country up to a pass 
in a lofty range of mountains. 

4. How would you proceed in order to fix the fence 

lines of a railway in the suburbs of a large city 
and in the open country. 

6. The following levels were taken along a proposed 
line of road. Plot the section, fix suitable grades^ 
compute formation levels, and determine water- 
way of culverts or bridges. 

Chains. Feet. 

100 Joins existing road. 

5 180 Schistose hill. 

7 140 

10 120 

12 90 Creek drains 10 square miles 

14 95 hilly country. 

16 100 

19 120 

23 130 

24 120 Greek drains 1 square mile. 

25 130 

27 132 Joins existing road. 

,y Google 


6. Describe the construction and mode of using the 

rain ^uge. What is approzimatelj the greatest 
annual, daily, and hourly rainfall experienced in 
Melbourne ? 

7. What do you mean by velocity head, friction head, 

hydraulic grade, and vena contracta ? 

-8. How would vou proceed to fix the position of a 
sunken rock some miles from the shore ? 

The Bowtd of Examines. 

1. Describe carefully the method of adjusting the 

vertical axis of a transit theodolite. 

Show the effect of an error of the vertical axis 
on your work, and point out cases where the 
error requires to be carefiiUy guarded against. 

2. Give a brief outline of the method to be followed in 

carrjring out a survey of a mine approached by a 
shaft — 

(1) When the shaft is vertical. 

(2) When it is inclined at 60® to the horizon. 

3. A field is laid out in the form of a regular pentagon, 

each of whose sides measures 2,850 links, the 
temperature being 120° F. The chain is of 
standard length at 60® F. The western boundary 
is on the magnetic meridian, and the variation is 
7® 30' E. 

Plot the figure, and write on it the corrected 
lengths of the lines and their bearings referred 
to the true meridian. 

,y Google 



4. Explain fully the method of formpg the multipliei^s 

which are used in computing areas by the 
method of double areas. 

Explain the case in which some of the 
multipliers become negative. 

Apply the method of double areas to find the 
area of the block, as plotted, in question 3. 

5. Reduce the following levels and apply the usual 

checks on the reduction: — 













2 ■ 

Point A, surface of 
existing rpad, R.'L. 













Existing road. 

— r-r ! rrr: — rrms 

Plot the option qn spal^ } chain tQ I inch, 
and 4 feet to 1 inch, and run a grad^ lin^ from 
4. rising 1 ii^ 50, showing oq yoi^r ^option the 
fQrination an^ ^prfac^ levels, ^nd th^ ^cqpth of 
cutting or height of b^pk at every point;. 

,y Google 

Via^T PASS EXAMINATION, OCT., 1891. 1^3^ 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Show, by an imaginary example, how you would 

make your choice between a cheap structure 
requiring periodical renewal and constant main- 
tenance, and a more costly one of indefinite 

2. Write a short essay upon borings and trial shafts. 

3. Give all the information you can as to the proper* 

ties, use and usual defects of the principal 
polonial tiypb^rs. 

4r ^hPyf by detailed sketches the construction of one 
§p^n of a timber railway bridge SO feet high 
from the ground and 15 feet span. 

jS. Describe fully the appliances used, methods adopted 
and usual defects in ri vetted girder work; also 
Ixodes of testing such work. 

6. Give a clear description, with sketches, of a rqllin^ 

mill for making railway rails. 

7. pisc|iss tiie properties^ u^e and defects of bluestone, 

granite, Sydney freestone, and Oamaru lime- 

8. 'WpP * shqrt ei?say upon the properties and use of 

Portland cement concrete. 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. What special methods would jou adopt in order to 

make a good metalled road over an area of loose 
sand, and also over a swampy flat ? 

2. Write an essay upon kerbing and channelling in 

town streets, and illustrate your remarks by 
detailed sketches. 

8. Describe, sketch, and discuss the arrangements of 
one of the engine houses of the Melbourne tram- 
way system. 

4. Describe the method of railway construction you 
would adopt on a branch line of railway about 
twenty miles lonpf, running through the moun- 
tainous parts of Victoria, and having compara- 
tively light traffic. 

6, Make a diagrammatic sketch of one of the most 
powerful locomotives in use on the Victorian 
railways, giving the principal dimensions, steam 
pressure, and traction power. 

6. What expedients are adopted as a safeguard against 

collisions on a single and a double line of rail- 
way. Describe two notable collisions on Vic- 
torian railways which these expedients failed to 
prevent, and comment upon them. 

7. Describe fully, with sketches, the principal methods 

that have been adopted in the constructioti of 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. An engine of 200 horse-power is reouired to drive 

£Etctory machinery, where the loaa is constantly 
varying, and a regular speed is necessary. Relate 
the several steps you would take in designing the 

2. Make sketches of the various parts of the above 

engine, giving approximate dimensions. 

3. Draw the indicator diagram of the above engine 

when working with a full load, and explain the 
causes modifying its shape. 

4. Describe briefly the various classes of gas engines. 

Sketch the indicator diagrams, and state which 
you consider the most efficient, giving any data 
you can in support of your opinion. 

5. In what direction will inventors require to proceed 

in order to develop the gas engine ? Give 
figures showing the proportion of energy now 
usefully employed, and the proportion lost in 
various directions. 

6. There is a stream with a minimum flow of 20 cubic 

feet per second and an available fall of 80 feet 
within 3 miles of your factory. How would you 
utilize it, and what proportion of the power 
would you expect to obtain 7 

,y Google 


7. Make a drawing to scale showing mode of setting, 

arrangement of flues, dampers, gallovay tubes, 
and all necessary fittings for a Lancashire boiler 
20 feet long and 7 feet in diameter.' 

8. Describe a dynamometer that ^oes not absorb the 

energy measured, and state how it is used. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Give a detailed sketch, with written description, of 

a syphon over the embankment of a reservoir. 
How is such a syphon charged ? 

2. Give a brief account of some pf the methods that 

l)ave been adopted in order to minimize the 
labour of working large sluice valves. 

3. Criticise, from a sanitary point of view, the arrange- 

ment of fire plugs used on the Melbourne Water 

4. llfake a sketch showing the arrangement of a 

system of baths, lavatories, and closets suitable 
for an hotel in a town, provided with an under- 
ground system of sewers. 

5. Stett What sized mai^ (giving reasons)' you \^ould 

use to supjily a town ot 10,000 inhabitaritd*with 
#a^^ frdm^ a seiVice reservoir distan't thl^eiei miles 
from the town, and situkted^ 200 Mt libb^e the 

,y Google 

FIRST PArfl^ EXAMINATION, OCT., 18f91. 12l? 

higliefift portions of sariie. Give a dtst^^itig of d 
cast or wrought iron pipe for same^ showing the 
&acet ill detail. 

6. State (giving reasons) what system you would adopt 
for dealihg with the drftin^ge and sewage of a 
coiltit^y town situated on the hank of d con- 
stantly running river, and having an ample 
water slipply. The present population may be 
taken at 2>000, and the number of tenements 
500, concentrated within an area of one square 
milei, the town assumed to be in a flat district, 
the geibdral fall being two feet per mile, and the 
ground principally clayey. Highest flood level 
five feet below the general level of the towtf. 

Mr. Wiltiam Nicholas, 

1. HoF^ Wotild you prospect for reeft or lodes in new 

country whei^e alluvial gold or tin ore has been 
discovered ? 

2. Describe the use» of " flat sheets," **jump-ups,'* 

"winzes," " strong arms," "plats," "cams,- and 
ezf^lain wfiatis "dead work, 

3. Explain the use of " gratings " in a batt€fty> and 

why there are such a variety of them. 

4. Give a desoription of a set of timber for ai level, 

for a shaft, for blocking: out, and for a pass. 

5. Git#a^ gi^ti^i^t descripl^i^ of cdd biksikMs- fttiltiM, 

and not fadlt^d^. 

,y Google 


6. Describe drawing lift, or bucket rod joints. 

7. Describe briefly yarioiis methods of sinking shafts 

in watery drift. 

8. Give drawings and description of the square set 

timbering, such as is used at Broken Hill. 

9. What are the advantages and disadvantages of 

joints and cleavage planes in rocks that have to 
be blasted ? Draw a diagram, showing how you 
would place drill-holes when commencing work 
in the face of a drive that is quite flat, the rock 
being massive granite; also another showing the 
length and direction of a hole to be drilled in 
similar rock, when it is required to blast ofl^ a 

10. Mention methods whereby — 

(a) Safety lamps are locked. 
(J) Air enters the lamp. 
{c) The flame is extinguished, both purposely 
and in case of accident. 

11. Describe the jigger, stating how those used for 

coarse ore vary in construction from those used 
for fine ore. Explain its action, and compare 
the German and English methods of working 

12. Explain liow overhead rope-ways work, and under 

wnat conditions their use is to be recommended. 

Note. — Illustrative sketches will enhance the value 
of replied to questions and explanations. 

,y Google 



1. Arrange the following metals in the order of 

(a) density, (b) fusibility, {e) tenacity, (d) elec- 
tric conductivity: — lead, zinc, copper^ gold, 
platinum, antimony, silver, tin, iron. 

How does the presence of small amounts of 
impurities aifect these properties ? 

2. Describe the general methods employed on the 

large scale for preparing coke. 

8. Describe some form of gas-producer suitable for 
metallurgical operations. 

4. Name the chief ores of iron, and give the formulae 

which theoretically represent their composition. 
How is chemically pure iron obtained ? 

5. How is mercury extracted from cinnabar ? 

6. Describe the chief methods in use for the extraction 

of zinc from its ores. 

7. A bar of bullion containing silver and gold is given 

to you for assay. Describe fully how you would 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. What are the origins and uses of Fat in the human 


,y Google 


2. Give some examples of the difPerent points of appli- 

cation of the muscles of the limbs and oi the 
use of the pulleys connected with their tendons. 

3. Describe the nervous supply to the Submaxillary 

Gland^ and also Claude Bernard's experiments 
on the secretion of saliva. 

4. What are the effects of the contraction of the left 

ventricle on the whole circulation, and how may 
these effects be modified by experiments on the 
lower animals ? 

5. What is the probable origin of Urea ? How may 

the daily amounts of its excretion be lessened or 
increased ? 

6. Describe what is known of the fertilization of the 

animal ovum ; and what is meant by the following 
statements : — 

(a) ^^The Individual recapitulates the history 
of its kind." 

03) " That the Past lives in the Present." 

(y) **Iliat we individually retread paths 
made by our ancestors," 

,y Google 



The Board of Examiners, 


1. Giye the tests for egg and seram albumin. ) 

2. How would you demonstrate the presence of 

paraglobulim in serum ? ' 

3. How would you separate the organic froni ^e 

inorganic matter of bone^ and how would you 
simply analyze the latter ? 

4. Describe the action of artificial gastric juice on 
* proteids and on milk. 

Part II. 

1. Describe the minute structure of voluntary and 

involuntary muscular fibre. 

2. Describe the minute structure of the large and small 


3. And of the cortical substance of the kidney. 

4. And of the lung. 

K 2 

,y Google 


The Board of Examinerg. 

1. Describe the macroscopic and microscopic appear- 

ances in — 

(a) Lardaceons sago spleen. 

( b) Nutmeg liver. 

{e) Disseminated miliary taberculosis of the lung. 

(d) Contracted granular kidney. 

(e) Scirrhous carcinoma of the mammary gland. 

(f) A wound healing by the first intention. 

2. Describe the process of embolism in the spleen. 

3. State what you know concerning the bacillus 



The Board of Examiners. 

1. Describe the walls of the orbit. 

2. Describe the ligaments of the elbow^ including the 


3. Describe the movements of the hip joint and name 

the muscles which produce them. 

,y Google 


4. Name, in order, the tendons around the ankle. 

5. Describe the origins, insertions, relations, and 

fiinctions of the following muscles: — Superior 
oblique of the eye; omohyoid; brachialisanticus; 
adductor pollicis manias; obliquus intemus ab- 
dominis; psoas magnus; tibialis posticus; flexor 
accessorius pedis. 


The Board of Examiners, 

1. Describe the steps of a dissection of each of the fol- 

lowing regions, naming in order the structures 
displayed, and stating their relations to one 
another, but nof describing them in detail : — 

(a) The pterygoid region, as far as the deep sur- 
&ce of the internal pterygoid. 

(Jb) The sole of the foot. 

2. Describe the third ventricle of the brain. 

3. Describe the pericardium. 

4. Describe the origin, course and relations of the 

third part of the subclavian artery. 

5. Describe the origin, course, relations, branches and 

communications of the ulnar nerve. 

,y Google 


6. Deicribe the iliac yeins. 

7. Describe the capsule of the hip joint and name is 

order the muscles in immediate relation with it 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. I)escribe the steps of a dissection of the orbit,. 

naming in oraer the structures displayed, and 
stating their relations to one another, but not 
describing them in detail. 

2. Describe, similarly, the steps of a dissection of the 

ischiorectal fossa* Discuss the surgical anatomy 
of this region. 

8. Discuss the surgical anatomy of fractures of the 
upper third of the femur. 

4. Describe the axes and diameters of the female 
pelvis, * 

6. Describe the relations of the lungs and of the 
pleurse to the chest wall. 

6. Describe th^ synovial membrane 6i the knee joint. 

7* Describe the ibotor tracts in the brain and spinal 

,y Google 


BIOLOGY.— Past I. 
FijisT Paper* ^ 
The Soard of Examiners. 

1. Describe the structure and functions of a Voriicella, 

pointing out its essential aniodal features. 

2. Descnbe the structure and life-history tiSpvrogyra. 

3. Describe and compare (1) a liver-fluke, (9) a tape- 

worm. Give some account of the life-history of 
each form. 

4. Describe the structure of a leaflet of the bracken 

fern as sieen in transverse section, and explain 
the uses of the different parts. 

5. Describe the structure of a typical auditory organ 

in (1) an invertebrate, (2) a vertebrate. How 
far do the two agree in essential structure ? 

6. Explain the following X^emmAi^-^Celluloeey Proteid, 

Chlorophyll, Hypha^ Sporangium^ Protonema, 
Cambium, iStofna. 

7. Describe the formation of the germinal layers in the 

fowl, and name the different organs oi the body 
which are derived from the different layers. 

8. Describe the structure of Hydra and point out how 

ftr it exhibits the features characteristie of a 
Metazoon, comparing it from this point of view 
with a leech. 

,y Google 


BIOLOGY.— Pabt I. 
Practical Examination. 
ITie Board of Examiners. 

1. Make preparations and dissections of the snails 

proyided, to shew — 

(1) ■ The structure of the shell. 

(2) The structure of the nervous system. 

(3) The structure of the excretory system. 

(4) The structure of the circulatory system. 
Mount the odontophore. Sketch the dissections 

and preparations. 

2. Name the specimen labelled A. Make preparations 

to shew its structure. Sketch and briefly de- 
scribe the preparations. 

3. Name, sketch, and hri^y describe the specimens 

labelled B, G, D, E. 


First Paper. 

The Board of Examiners, 

1. Describe the development and adult structure of 

either Peripatus or Balanogloisus^ and discuss 
the affinities of both. 

2. Describe the structure of a typical Mollusc, and 

shew how from this the euthyneurous and 
streptoneurous forms may be derived. 

,y Google 


3. Give some account of the various respiratory organs 

found amongst the Arthropoda, and compare 
with one another those met with amongst 
different forms of the Arachnida. 

4. Describe the structure of the shoulder girdle in a 

Fish, Amphibian, Reptile, and Bird, comparing 
them with one another. 

5. Give an outline of the classification of the Tunieata, 

and describe the structure and development of 

6. Describe and compare (1) the heart, and (2) the 

main arterial vessels of (a) Pieces, (b) Dipnoiy 
and {c) Amphibia. 


Second Paper. 

The Board of JSxaminers, 

VJB.—Vot more than rxvs a^^estions rnnst be answered. 

1. Describe the development of the heart and the 

main vessels arising from it in (1) the fowl^ and 
(2) the frog. 

2. Give some outline of Weismann's theories of (1) 

continuity of the germ plasma, (2) heredity. 
Criticise the latter. 

3. Describe the development of the kidney in (1) the 

frog, (2) the fowl, (3) the elasmobranch. 

,y Google 


4u Examine and criticise the following statement: — 
^^The higher forms of life in their deyelopment 
pess through stages in which they l^semole the 
adults of lower forms." 


5. Describe the chief forms of deyelopment of the 


6. Giye some account of the deyelopment of the 

mesoblast in yarious animals. 

7. Describe the deyelopment of the c^erminal layers 

in the fowl, and compare it in wis respect with 
(1) a tunicate, and (2) a frog. 


Third Paper. 

The Board of Examiners. 

V.B.-Vot more than rxvs auestioiis miurt 1>e answered. 

1. Write a short account of the means of dispersal of 

terrestrial animals. 

2. What eyidence is there in fayour of the existence 

of mild Arctic climates prior to the Glacial 
Epoch ? How does Wallace account for such 
mild climates? 

8. Giye as nearly as you can the present distribution 
of the following genera: — Peripatus, BaUaeteSj 
StriXy Tapirusy HesperomySj Sciums. What 
do you understand by discontinuaue areas of 
generic dietribution ? Giye examples. 

,y Google 


4. What are the characteristic differences between 

Oceanic and Continental islands^ (1) as regards 
their mode of formation^ and (2) as regards 
their fauna ? Illustrate your answer by a short 

general account of the Zoology of Borneo and of 
le Azores. 

5. Give some account of the geographical distribution 

of the Primates. 

6. State the conditions under which coral reefs are 

^enerall]^ formed, and ^ve an account of the 
distribution of reef-building corals at the present 


FfiACTiCAL Examination. — Fiest Day. 

The Board of Examiners, 

1. Identify the animal labelled A. Make preparations 
and sketches to exhibit as fully as possible its 
external anatomy. 

Q, Identify^ sketchy and briefly describe thd specimen 
labelled B. 

6» Identify and make preparations and sketches to 
shew the structure of the animal labelled C. 

,y Google 



Pbactical Examination. — Second Day. 

The Board of ExamxTiers. 

1. Identify the animal labelled A^ and dissect it so as 

to shew as much as possible of its anatomy. 
Sketch the dissection and name the parts shewn 
on the sketch. 

2. Take out, sketch, and hriMy describe (withoat 

section-cutting) one embryo from the eggs 

3. Identify, sketch, and briefly describe the specimens 

labelled B, G, D. 

CHEMISTEY, Pabt I.— Pass and Fiest Honoite Papbb. 
The Board of Examiners, 

1. Explain and illustrate the Law of Multiple Pro- 


2. Sulphuric acid may act as an acid, as an oxidisdng 

agent, or as a dehydrating agent. Show that 
this statement is true. 

3. Compare and contrast the elements calcium and 

zinc, having regard to the elements themselves, 
and the characters of their chief compounds. 

,y Google 


4. Give the equation for the decomposition of 

antimony sulphide by hot strong hydrochloric 
acid. What volume of what gas^ measured at 
standard temperature and pressure, is obtainable 
from that weight of antimony sulphide which 
contains ten grammes of antimony ? 

[Given: atomic weight of antimony is 120.] 

5. What is bone-ash? What substances of com- 

mercial value are prepared from it, and how ? 

6. (a) If given 20 grammes of potassium iodide, how 

would you prepare free iodine from it ? 
(J) How would you convert this iodine into 

hydriodic acid ? 
(e) Calculate (o) the weight of iodine, (/?) the 
volume of hydriodic acid gas, theoretically 
[Given : atomic weight of iodine is 127, and 
that of potassium is d97| 

7. Give the formulae and chief characters of the 

following compounds: — ^Aldehyde, glycol, glycer- 
ine, chloral hydrate, formic acid hydrocyanic 

CHEMISTEY.— Pabt I: Labobatoby Wobk.— Pass 


The Board of JSivandners. 

Examine thoroughly each of the substances marked 
A, By and C respectively. Pay particular atten- 
tion to the preliminary and blowpipe examination. 

,y Google 


Give a fhll written report of your work, arrangiBg it 
in three parallel columns headed respeotively 
'^ Experiment," *' Result," " Inference.!' 

Only such ahbreviations may be employed as 
are in general use among chemists. 

No credit will be given for a correct result 
unless correct and sufficient reasons be given, in 
support of it. 

OHEMISTBY.— Pabt HI: Pass. 

1. Describe and exemplify the chief ways in which 

each of the foUowine^ reagents can ^ect organic 
8ubstances:-r— (a) smphuric acid, (b) hydriodic 
acid, (e) ammonia, (d) nitrous acid. 

2. Discuss the constitution of any one of the fol- 

lowing: — (a) the lactic acids, (b) the tartaric 
acids, {e) citric acid and the acids derived from 
it by the action of heat. 

3. Give an account of aceto-acetic ether and its use in 

organic synthesis. 

4. If given three isomeric di-substitution products of 

benzene, by what methods could you ascertain 
which of them was the ortho, which the meta, 
and which the para> compound ? 

5. How are diazo-coznpouinds obtained? And what 

are their chief reactions ? . 

6. Explain and exemplify the following terms: — 

carbamine, hydrasine, ureide, phthalein, oxime. 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. Describe the manufacture of the following: — 

(a) white lead^ (b) ultramarine, {p) chrome 

2. Give an account of the treatment of crude coal-tar, 

and of the various uses to which the chief pro- 
ducts are put, 

3. Describe the manufacture of sulphuric acid. 

4. Give an account of the chief kinds of glass. 

•5. Give an outline of the manufacture of a fermented 

6. Describe two methods for the manufacture of steel. 


The Boar^ of Examiners. 

1. State shortly the chief uses and the doses of the 
following officinal articles: — BviyUehhral 
Hydroxy Aeidwn Benzoicum, Tinctura Cocci^ 
Adeps, Chrysarobinum^ Hirudoj PiluhSapanii 
Composite, MoechuSy Qteum Crotonit* 

,y Google 


2. lodoformum. Describe its mode of preparation, 
characters^ officinal preparations, dose, and modes 
of administration. 

8. GiTe an account of the officinal preparations con- 
taining J.r^^i(;^ give their doses^ and describe the 
symptoms of its physiological action. 

4. How is Amyl Nitrite prepared^ and what are are 

its physiological actions^ therapeutical uses^ and 

5. What is Aloes f Give its officinal preparations^ 

doses, and uses. 

Paper I. 

1. Describe the physiological actions of (a) Bella- 

donna, (V) Santonin. 

2. Give an account of the therapeutic applications of 

{a) Lead, (J) Strychnine. 

3. What means have we of acting therapeutically upon 

the heart. 

4. Enumerate the Salts of Sodium, and describe their 

therapeutic uses, giving illustrative prescriptions. 

,y Google 


" Paper II. 

1. Give the quantities and ingredients of the diet 

suited to an in&nt from the 12th to die 18th 
months of life. 

2. Construct a dietary for hospital patients. 

3. How would you peptonise milk? 

4. Describe in detail how you would disinfect a room 

in which a person had suffered from scarlet 

5. Contrast the characters of drinking water according 

as it is pure, usable, suspicious, or impure. 

6. Discuss the principal sanitary defects found in 

ordinary house construction and arrangement. 

S U E G E E Y. 
The Board of Examiners. 

1, Classify and describe the different forms of aneur- 

isms. What are the "pressure effects" and 
effects on the circulation of an aneurismal 

2. How is the source of the blood in hoematuria 

approximately determined ? Detail the symptoms, 
and briefly the treatment of chronic enlargement 
of the prostate. 

,y Google 


3. Cancer of the breast. What are generally con- 

siderad (a) the predisposing, {b) the ezciting' 
causes, of this disease ? Give the characters of 
Scirrhas Mammce, distinguishing such a tumor 
from adoenoma, simple abscess. 

4. What is meant by a ** true anal ulcer or fissure**? 

Detail the constitutional remedies and the local 
treatment you would adopt in such an affection. 

5. Give the causes, symptomsi and treatment of retro^ 

pharyngeal abscess. 

6. State what yon know with respect to sprains of the 

back. What consequences may follow such an 
injury ? 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. Describe the structure, attachments and functions 
of the ligaments of the uterus. 

S. Differentiate the diagnosis of pregnancy from con- 
ditions which simulate it. 

3. What treatment would you adopt in a ease of 
pregnancy complicated with (a) ovarian tumour, 
(S) fibroid tumour ? 

,y Google 


4. What are the conditions in civilized life which pre- 
dispose or cause disease of the generative organs 
in women ? 

6. Give the degrees of perinseal laceration^ the effects 
immediate and future, the prevention and treat- 

6. Describe the appearances of apparently dead new^ 
bom children. How would you treat theia 
respectively ? 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Describe the causes, symptoms, diagnosis^ and 

treatment of round ulcer of the stomach. 

2. Describe the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment ofi 

hydatid of the lung. 

3. Give instances of the influence of heredity in the 

causation of disease. 

4. Give an account of the symptoms, and discuss the 

differential diagnosis of aneurism of the thor^cip 
aorta below the arch. 

5. Describe the causes, symptoms, and treatment of 

acute lamygitis in the adult. 

6. Give an account of the causes, symptoms^ and 

diagnosis of cerebral meningitis. 

L Z 

,y Google 



The Board of Examiners. 

1. Describe the several modes of death peculiar to new- 

bom children. 

2. What are pseado-ecchymoses; how are thej pro- 

duced; and by what means are they to be dis- 
tinguished from true ecchymoses ? 

8. How are wounds ante-mortem to be differentiated 
from wounds post-mortem ? 

4* What is saponification, and under what circum- 
stances is it produced ? 

5. What is the mode of procedure to be adopted in the 
examination of a supposed blood-stain, not of 
recent origin ? 

6» Describe the several forms of monomania, and state 
which of them, in your opinion, would supply 
justification for sending the person affected 
thereby to a lunatic asylum ? 

7* Detail all the symptoms and post-mortem appear- 
ances in poisoning by hydrocyanic acid. 

8. With what morbid conditions are the phenomena 
of strychnine poisoning not unlikely to be 

,y Google 





Professor Thicker and Mr. Tubbs, 

1. Translate, with brief marginal notes where yon 
think them desirable — 

(a) trot y ahrf infKiv&c vrrodiiffofiaiy at ke vldrjai* 
vrf &p(rag kpiri^ffiv ielKOtriVy ij tiq apitrrrfy 
ifyxjeo wsvtrdjJLevog irarpbg ^rjy ol^oiiivoiOy 
Hjy tIq TOi tiirgtri fipoTwVy ^ oatrav ctKOvarjQ 
tK AioC; H re fiakiara ipipu kKIoq avdpwirottru 
vpStra fitv eg HvXoy iXde Kai ^ipto "^iaropa CtioVf 
Ktidev te. InraprrivZE irapa JavOov McvfXoov* 
Otf yap devTarog J\0cv 'A^tttcDv \a\KOxiTu>ywy. 
ei fi£v Ktv warpoQ filoTov Koi votnov aKovai^gj 
Ij r* ay Tpv\6}uy6g tnp etl rXa/jjc kviavToy* 
tl Zi K£ TEdyfjwTOQ aKov(n^g firj^ er' £<5vroc, 
yoerrfiffag ^rj eireira <[fi\rfy kg varpi^a yaiay 
afjfid ri oi ycvat koi kwl tcripea Krepei^ai 
voXKa fiaX , offtra eoiKe^ Kal avipt fxriripa ^ovvat. 

(J) ovfAog ^ iifiapTvpriTog eiricXe^c 'Jr6ffiCf 
btg Toi/ffde val^ag ohK hy kKtrwaai diXoi 
3<${av KaKf^y Xafidyrag* oi yap eirytyeig 
Kafiyovffi Toiig ai(y\p6i(n rwy TtKywy vvep* 
k/Aol Tt fJLlfiTjfi ay^pog oitK hiriaarioy. 

,y Google 


ffKexpai de rilv errjy e\Tid\ J Xoy/fo/iai. 
^£eiv vofilieiQ Trac^a atov yaiaq vtto* 
Kat r/c OavdvTioy ^XOev I^^AtSov TraXtv; 
a W <ic Xoyotai rov^e juaXda^aifiev &v ; 
^fctora* fevysiv (TKaioy &ydp' k'^pov '^euiVy 
irofoiiTi S* eiKeiv Kai redpafifjUyoiQ KaXwQ' 
pqov yap aiBovQ virofiaXiitv 0/\' ^i' rv^oic* 

(e) id) trriyaij 

KorapxeTai \6ptvfia rvfCTrdvwv &Ttpj 
oh Ppofil^ K£\api(Tfiiva dvper^, 
Ub hofioiy 

TpOQ at/xar', ovy(i rag /Xiovvmadog 
I3<frpv(jjy eir\ •)(evfia(ri \ot/3fic. 

(d) oi/K c^aorav hi r&v oltoyirep ahroc ovrtoy elvat 
Kaivwv deiffdai irpayixarutv ohZk fi€Taina<re(og' wrap" 

, )(€iy yap ck tov hiijiov airrf fxkv rwu te ^Xtuciwrwi^ 
wXiov ixEiv T&y re 'Kptujivrepiay firj l\arrov<r0ac, 
rote 5' avTOv kyQpoiQ TOtovrotQ BoKely elvai oioicnrep 
vpoTipoy, varepay he hvyaadeicriy avoXXityai rovg 
fitXritTTOVQy airrovQ hi jidvovQ Xeu^Oiyras hi^ airro 
TOVTo dyaTrdadat viro rwy woXirwv, on eripoic 
^fitXrioffiy ovK fix©*' "XpriaBaC oi 2c on rwv wapofxp- 
piyioy avToJc icaKdy poyog ainoc eLtfy Tuty re <l>oliepwv 
oyrwy ry wdXei yeyiaOai p6yoQ Kiyhvyevcrai fiye/xijify 

(e) 5 8' at QrjpafJLeytjQ Kal irpog ravra eXeyty ore 
SrOTToy hoKolrj kavrf ye elvat rrpwroy pey fiovXopi' 
yovQ Tovg ^eXTiavovQ ruiy ToXir&y icotvwyowc, 'ttoit/^ 
vaffBai rpi(r\iXiovCy Affwep roy apidpoy rovroy 
e\oyTa rtya aydyKijy koXovq Kal ayaQovc eJyai teat 
ovT e£«t) rovTOfy tnrovhaitivc ovr kyrog rovrtty irovri^ 
povQ ol6y re ciiy ynyetrOai' eTretta 3', c^iy, 6pw cyoiye 
hvo' iipaq rd eyayribyrara wpdrToyraQy (iiaiay re r^K 
dpx^v Koiilrroya r&y hp^opiymy KaraffKevaiopeyovg* 

,y Google 


(^) fiwy TOy ZivKtvovraj ijy y lyil;, ^^c rifp €ir£«- 
itv^a Kara to tr)(fifia r^c a^e^^Cy iLiretrrpafiuiyoy 
cic r^v durKW^opoVy ^pifJta OKkaZoyra rf triply 
lourc^a ^vyayaoTfifrofUVip furh rfjc /3bA^c; oii: 
€Ktiyoyy i 3' oc, lirci rwv Mvpwyoc cpywy tv koX tovto 
eoTiy 6 ditTKol^Xos, ov Xiyeig' oh^i roy Tap* aMy 
<l>rjfjLi, Toy ^lahovfjieyoy rriv Kc^aX^v rp ratviq. tw 
KCiKoy' ndkvKXeirov yap tovto tpyoV dXXa tov^ fikv 
h\ TO, le^ia eitnoyrioy Afesy ey olc Kai ra KpiHov 
Tov "Sriaiufrov irXatr/jiaTa eorijiccv, oi Tvpavvoicrdyou 
ev de ei Tiya irapa to v^wp to ewt^pioy cIScc frpoya' 
OTopay i^aXayTlaVy iffilyvfjLyoy njv dvajSoXi)^^ ijyefjuih' 
fiiyoy TOV irwyatyoc Tag Tpi\aQ iylac, iviarifMy rac 
(fXiliacj avToaydpww^ Bfioioy, kxuyoy Xiyta, 

(ff) £PM. 'H Sroer icara life *H^ov^, d^uc/ac, oti Toy 
epatnify ai^c Aiovwo-iof aveftovKoXriffB, 

AIR. Ilcvre iicayoL 

EPM. Uepi ^ApKTTiwvov Tjov^i) Trpoc ^ApeHiy. 

AIK. Ilevre ical tovtoiq ducaaoTUftray* 

EPM. ^ApyvpafioifiiKT^ Bpaapou AcoycVcc 

AIR. Tpcic dxoicX^jOOv fidyovc* 

EPM. *H Fpa^iic^ icara Tlvpp(*>yoQ Xi7rora((ov. 

AIK* 'Ei'F^a Kpiyaroitray, 

EPM. BouXei icai ravroc dxofcXi^pov/iev^ 2 A/in^^ 
rac 5wo, rdc ffp^riVy rdc dircvijy£y/ievac Kara rov 

2. Explain (very briefly) diufieXla — rpo^oXii — to, 

pLvar&y opyt Tjhrvxrjcr ISwj'— rjOio^wftdrovc Tv^wyac 
— Eiri\prf^ii^eiy — i:a6' <«pd)v rcXe/(ui/ Itrrtdo^ac — 
kftvirpotiy fiiyoy — KaTapxtaBai. 

3. Parse Tpcupifieyy oyiifieyosy wapTideiy eltray Xiicro, 

,y Google 


4. State briefly — 

(i) In what respects Xenophon and Lucian 

are "nn-Attic." 
(ii) The names and chief tenets of the great 

schools of Greek philosophy. 

5. Translate the following passages : — 

(a) M6p^ y OTTOlfft KtivOC &\£T VV^* &V cic 

dvriTwy <l>pa(r€ie vXilv to QrivitoQ xapa' 
oh yap Tig airrov ovre irvpf^pOQ Qiov 
KtpavvoQ kiivpaiev ovTt irovTia 
ditiKKa KivriQiiaa t^ tot^ kv XP^^Vj 
iiKS! fi Ti£ EK dewv 7ro/L£ir6c, rj to vepripwy 
Evvovy hatrrav yfjQ iXinrriToy fiadpoy» 
iLvi^p yap ov arevaxroc ov^e <tvv voaoig 
okyEivoQ e^eirifiTreT, oX\' ti tic fipoTwv 
OavfiatTTOC' €i ^€ /xi) ^OKw <l>povwv XiyeiVf 
OVK av irapeifiriy oTffi fir^ Zokw f^vliv, 

(b) 'EttI TovTOig ^uXvdri to ovfjLiroaiov TeXevr^ffar 
€K T&y ^aKpviav avBiQ eg yiXwTa iwi Tf ^ AXKidafiavri 
Koi Aiowao^wp^ Kal "lofvc. Kal oi re Tpavfiarlai 
i^opaZriv i^EKOfiliovTO iroviipiaQ e^ovteq Kal fiaXivra 6 
irpeafivTfic o Zrjv6defug afi<poripaig Ty fxev Trjg pivoCy 
Ty ^e Tov 6<l>0aXfjiov iwEiXrififjiiyoQf (iowv anSWvffOat 
vw aXyrihoviayj Sore Kal tov "Epfiwva icacirep iv 
Kaxolc ovTa — hho yap o^oyrag cfcccicoTrro — avTi/xap' 
TvpitrOai Xiyovray Mifivritro fUvTOif & ZrivodifUy tog 
ohK a^id(l>opoy ijyri Toy irovov' Kai 6 wfi<^iog Zk 
OLKEtrafiivov to Tpdvfia tov AiovIkov dniiyETO eg Tt^y 
oMay Taiylaig KartiXriniyog Trjy ice^aX^v, eirl to 
Zevyog ayaTiOeig i<p^ ov T^y yv/j^rfy inrdieiy ifuXXe, 
TiKpovg ddXiog Tovg ydfiovg kopTaaag* xal Twy 
&\X(ity de 6 AioyiKog ewefieXeiTo Z^ to, ZvyaTO.^ Kal 
KodevHiaoyreg awiiyoyTO kfiovyTeg oi woXXoi ky Toig 

,y Google 



Profesaar Tucker and Mr. Tubbs. 

Translate^ with brief marginal notes explaining 
allusions and syntactical or other difficulties : — 

(a) TroianoB haec monstra petunt; his luppiter ipse 
Aaxilium solitum eripuit; non tela, nee ignes 
Exspectant Rutulos. Ergo maria invia Teucris, 
Nee spes ulla fugae; rerum pars altera adempta 

Terra autem in nostns manibus: tot milia 

Arma ferunt Italae. Nil me fatalia torrent. 
Si qua Phrjges prae se iactant, responsa 

Sat fatis Yenerique datum, tetigere quod arva 
Fertilis Ausoniae Troes. Sunt et mea contra 
Fata mihi, ferro sceleratam exscindere gentem, 
Coniuge praerepta; nee solos tangit Atridas 
Iste dolor soUsque licet capere arma Mycenis. 
Sed periisse semel satis est. Peccai*e fuisset 
Ante satis, penitus modo non genus omne 


(b) vere Phrygiae, neque enim Phryges, ite per 

Dindyma, ubi adsuetis biforem dat tibia can- 
Tympana yos buxusque yocat Berecyntia matris 
Idaeae : sinite arma yiris, et cedite ferro. 

(^) Die quibus in terris inscripti nomina regum 
Nascantur flores; et Phyllida solus habeto. 

,y Google 


{d) SufPenus iste, Vare, quern probe nosti, 
Homo est venustus et dicaz et urbanus, 
Idemque looge plurimos facit yersus. 
Puto esse ego illi milia aut decern aut plura 
Perscripta, nee, sicut fit, in palimpsesto 
Relata : cartae regiae^ novi libri, 
Novi umbilici, lora rubra, membranae, 
Derecta plumbo et pumice omnia aequata. 
Haec cum legas tu, bellus ille et urbanus 
Sufienus unus caprimulgus aut fossor 
Rursus videtur : tantum abhorret ae miitat 
(e) Abiunctae paulo ante comae mea fata sorores 
Lugebant, cum se Memnonis Aethiopis 
ITnig^na impellens nutantibus aera pennis 
Obtulit, Arsinoes Locridos ales equus, 
Isque per aetherias me tollens advolat umbras 

Et Veneris casto collocat in gremio. 
Ipsa suum Zephyritis eo famulum legarat, 
Graia Canopeis incola litoribus. 
. (J^ Hinc senatores, omissa dignitatis libertatisque 
memoria, plebem adulari; salutare, benigne m- 
▼itare, apparatis accipere epulis, eas causas sus- 
cipere, ei semper parti adesse, secundum earn 
litem indices dare, quae magis popularis aptiorque 
in vulgus favori conciliando esset; iam vero ninil 
in senatu agi aliter, quam si plebis ibi esset con- 
(ff) Divi diyaeque in eo erant, quibus quoque modo 
supplicaretur ; tum : *'Si ita faxitis, Komani, 
vestrae res meliores facilioresque erunt, magisque 
ex sententia res publica vestra yobis procedet, 
Tictoria^ue duelli populi Romani erit. Pjthio 
ApoUini, re publica vestra bene gesta serva- 
taque, lucris meritis, donum mittitote, deque 
praeda manubiis spoHisque honorem habetote^ 
- faseiyiam a vobis prohibetote." 

,y Google 


(U) ItaqiM nisi fide staret res publica, opibus non 
Btataram. Prodeundam in contioiiem Folvio 
praetdfi esse, indicand&s populo publicas neces- 
ntates cohortandosqne^ qui r^demptum auxissent 
patrimonia^ ut rei publicae, ex qua crevissenty 
tempus commodarent, conducerentque ea lege 
praebenda^ quae ad ezercitum Hispaniensem 
opus esseuty ut^ cum pecunia in aerario asset, 
iis pritnis solveretur. 

{%) Susceperam causam luni Pastoris, cum mihi 
quiescenti visa est socrus mea advoluta genibus 
Be agerem obsecrare. Et eram acturus adulescen- 
tulus adbuc, eram in quadmplici iudicio, eram 
contra potentissimofl ciyitatis atque etiam Caesaris 
amicos : quae singula excutere mentem mihi post 
tarn triste somnium poterant. £gi tamen 
\oyi<rd/jievos illud 

«Ic occi»vdc &pi(TToq cifAvpatrBai wspi irarpiyc* I^&tn 
mihi patria et si quid earius fides videbatur. 
Progpere cessit atque adeo ilia actio mihi aures 
hominum, ilia ianuam famae patefecit. Proinde 
dispice an tu quoque sub hoc exempio somnium 
istud in bonum yertas, aut si tutius putas illud 
cautissimi cuiusque praeceptum 'quod dubitas 
ne feceris/ id ipsum rescribe. Ego aliquam 
gtropham inyeniam agamque causam tuam, ut 
ipsam agere tu, cum roles, possis. 

(J) Erat ^iXdicaXoff usque ad emacitatis reprehen- 
sionem. Plures isdem in locis villas possidebat 
adamatisque no vis priores neglegebat. Multum 
ubique librorum, multum statuarum, multum 
imaginum, quas non habebat modo verum etiam 
venerabatur, Vergili ante omnes, cuius natalem 
religiosins quam suum celebrabat, Neapoli 
ttiaxime, ubi monimentnm eius adire ut templum 

,y Google 


solebat. In hac tranquillitate annum quintam 
et septuagensimum excessit, delicato magis 
corpore quam infirmo : utque novissimus a Nerone 
factus est consul, ita postremus ex omnibus quos 
Nero consules fecerat decessit. 

2. Comment on— oflSciotogae virilis interfiu — septemvir 

epulonum — assem para et accipe auream labulam 
—quantum antiquitatis tenet — reum postulayit 
tamquam praeyaricaretur — ^laudatus est Verginius 
a consule Gomelio Tacito. 

3. Give dates showing the chronological positions of 

Livy, Catullus, Pliny, and Vergil. What is meant 
by the assertion that the poetry of Catullus is 
more * Greek ' in spirit than that of Vergil ? 

4. Translate the following passages: — 

(a) Siqua meis fuerint, ut erunt, vitiosa libellis, 

Excusata suo tempore, lector, habe. 
Exul eram, requiesque mihi, non fama, petita 

Mens intenta suis ne foret usque malis. 
Hoc est, cur cantet vinctus quoque compede 

Indocili numero cum grave moUit opus, 
Cantet et innitens limosae pronus harenae 

Adverse tardam qui trahit amne ratem: 
Quique refert pariter tentos ad pectora remos. 

In numerum pulsa bracchia versat aqua. 
Fessus ut incubuit baculo, saxove resedit 

Pastor, harundineo carmine mulcet oves. 

(b) Natura hoc ita comparatum est, ut qui apud 
multitudinem sua causa loquitur, gratior eo sit, 
cuius mens nihil praeter publicum commodum 
videt: nisi forte assentatores publicos, plebicolas 

,y Google 


istos^ qui vos nee in annis nee in otio esse sinunt^ 
vestra vos causa ineitare et stimulare putetis. 
Goneitati aut honori aut quaestui illis estis, et quia 
in Concordia ordinum nullos se usquam esse vident, 
malae rei se quam nullius, turbarum ac seditionum 
duces esse yolunt. Quarum rerum si vos taedium 
tandem capere potest, et patrum vestrosque 
antiques mores vultis pro his novis sumere, nulla 
supplicia recuse, nisi paucis diebus hos pepula- 
tores agrorum nostrorum fiisos fugatosque cast^is 
exuero, et a portis nostris ad illorum urbes hunc 
belli terrorem, quo nunc vos attoniti estis trans- 


Professor Tucker and Mr. Tubhs. 

1. Translate, with brief marginal notes where you 
think them necessary — 

(fi) at6' (KpeKtQ ayov6Q t efxeyai &ya fxoQ t* iLTroXiadai, 
Kai KE TO f^ovXoi/Ariyy Kai Key toXv Kepliov ^cv 
ri ovTw Xbtfiriv r' efxerai Kai VTroxj^ioy &XX<av. 
fj wov Kay')(aX6wai Kap-q KOfJLOutVTeg ^A'^aioij 
<l>dvT£g apioTTfja wpd/xov eufxeyai, ovveKa koXov 
cT^oc £7r', a\X' oxfK etrrt piri (ppetrlv ovM rig oXkyj* 
fj TOioade eiity ev irovTOTTopoitri vietrtri 
vovTOv iiriirXwtraQy erapovg kpiripag ayelpag^ 
fjLi')(j9elg aXXo^aTToiai yvyaiK eveidi^ iLvfjyeg 
if awirig yai-qgy why av^pStv alyjxriTdwy, 
TTUTpi re af fiiya wfjixa TroXiyt re irayrl re ^rifi^, 
^vfffi£yi(ny fiey ^ajoyua, KaTri<jieirfy ^e aol avr^'y 
oifK hy ^)) fjieiyeiag aprjifiXoy McveXaov^ 

,y Google 


ovK &y TOi 'XP^^^f^jSI KidapiQ tcl re ^wp^ 'A^poS/nfC; 
4 re K6fiTi TO re elco^, 6t kv Koylptn fjkiyeirit. 
6X\a /ioXa TpweQ ieihtifnoPH' i ri kev Hhi 
\&iyQv tavQ \iTwya Kaicuty ty€\ ou^tk eopyoc. 

(6) Teipayrai 8' licySyoic 

LroKfiiiTtaQ "Apt} 
irye6yTU)y fielZovrj 8t*ca£wc, 
(bXedyruty dwfidruy virepthev 
VT£p ro fiiXrioToy. forw o* air^- 
fiavTov, &(TTE KCLvapKeiy 

eJ TTpairiZiav Xa)(<Jvra* 

oh yap ktrrtv exaX^cc 

vXjovtov irpoQ Kopov av^pi 
XaKTlaayri fuyay ZUaq (itafioy etc a<jiayeiay, 
fiiarai 8* 6, raXaiva TEidiit, 
9rpo/3ovXd?ratc &i^tpTQQ &rac* 
6xoQ li. irdy fioraioy, ohx kKpv^drij 
vpe-jrei 8e ^«tf$: aiyoXafiTsg aiyof 

KaKOV 8e \aXKov rpowoy^ 

rpifif Tt Kol TTpofrpoXaiQ 

fieXafjiTrayilc ireXcL 

^iKaiutOelg, exec 
^latKei irdic woTayoy opyty, 
xdXec vpotrrpififi^ &ipeprov cvOe/c* 

{c) a 3e ifdlKTifiai Kal irepivPpiafJLai irpOQ Tovrovy ravra 
kffTiy) Sri fie frefivov riutg oyra Kal de&y re vipi 
Kal (^vtretoQ Kal t^q t&v 6Xiity vepMov iFKOTrovfieyoyy 
vyprfXby &vta vov rdiy yeil>wy aepofiarovyTaf eyBa b 
fieyoQ ky ovpayf Zevc nri^vov &pfia eXavvo^v ^iperai, 
jcaraoxfiflrac ovtoq ^Siy icara r^v Aipt^a xerd/zevov 
Kal aya^aiyoyra virep tcl ySyra tqv ohpayw^ Kal ra 
irrepa tnfyrplypagf iorodiaiToy rc^c xoXXo ic exo/ijw, 
Kal TO fiey rpayiKoy e«:eIvo Kal (na^poyiKOv Tcpoai^ 
weloy &^7Xe fiovy KUfiucoy li 6XXo Kal mvrvpixov 

,y Google 


iTT^drjKE fioi Kal fiiKpov hiiv y^Xoioy, elra fioi ec to 
aifTO <l>ip4Mtv (Tvyicadeip^e to (rKwfifia Kal Toy *ixifi(iop 
Kal KwitryLOv Kal tov £i;?ro\iv Koi tov ^Apiaro" 
^vi/v, ^eivovg 6.y^fMQ eTriKEpTOjufiffai tcl aefiya Kal 
')(\evd<Tat TCL KaXwg cj^ovra. 

(d) i^wy Toy ^uTKevovTay ?v S' cyw, ^lyc, Toy Iwike' 
KV(j>6Ta KaTO. to cr)(fifia Tfjg a^ivetOQ^ aire (rrpafifiiyoy 
tig tt)v Zi(rKO(^6poy, ^pifxa OKXai^oyTa rj) erip^ 
ioiK&ra ^vyayaarrjfTOfiiy^ fieTa Tfjg /JoX^C? ovk 
€Keiyoy, ^ ^' og, Iwel Twy Mvpcjyos epywy ey Kal 
tovt6 £(TTiy 6 ^iffKofioXos, oy Xiyeig' ovde Toy irap' 
avT6y (l>rifjLiy Toy ^ladoitfieyoy T^y JCC^aXj^v rp Taiyl^ 
TOP KaX6y' IloXvKXeiTov yap tovto epyoy. aXXa 
TOVQ fjiky ewl to. ^e^icl eiaioyTuty afeg, ey oTc kcu to, 
KpiTiov TOV 'Hfrfffi^TOV irXatrfxaTa etrrriKeVy ol rvpay^ 
voKTdyoi, ffv ^£ ei Tiya irapa to v^wp to iirippioy 
el^ec irpoyaoTopa^ ^aXavrtav, fjftiyvfxvoy Trjy itya" 
/3oX))v, ifyejjuofiiyoy tov irwyujyoQ tclq Tplx^Q £ylac, 
tTr'ltnifJLoy Tag <l>Xeliag, avToavdp^Trff ofjioioy, iKeiyoy 

(e) aXXa fjiri w4o tovto, aXXa Tr^y fir^ ovaay &vriXa« 
)^£iv avT^ i^^y ^TiTTOVf Kal vpog ifie to xpay/ua 
KaTaorriiaaadaiy wpog Sywep e^ apxVi: ^y ^ ^Ikti, 
dXX' OVK ef^vXeTO. dXX' tya /«j) "M-ei^lag arlfiriroy 
aywyloTfTai BeKa fivQy SiKTiyj vpog fjy ovk airiiyra 
Sioy, Kal ei fiey iilLKTiKEj liKriy ^, el hk fitly aTro^vyp, 
&TifiQy ^Adriyaitoy tya clvai ZCi Kal firiTt avyyyuffirig 
lifiTt Xoyov fiiiTE iwuiKelag firidsfiiag Tv^ely, a koi 
Tolg oyTUfg iZiKovfriy&irayd* iTrap\eL» dXX* exeiS^ 
ye TJTlfAutffey oy ej3ovXrjdrff koi tovt kyapltraffBe 
avT^y Kal n^v ayai^fi yywfiriy, J ravra irpoaipelrai 
voiely, eyeTrXriaey avTov, cicciv' hcoiriirey T^y icara- 
liKfiv eitriTiK€y Si' f^-y top ^yOpufwoy, aTrutXe^yy oitSi 
XaXKovy ovSi ttw Kal Titfupoy^ aXXa Zixriy e^ovXrfg 
v7ro/4€Fci ^evyeiv. 

,y Google 


2. Explain — vimtfiotrLaf 7rpo(io\ri, ayri^MvTec rpiripap^ 

\iav^ rf\^ T6y ^\ov, dicrwKaiSf/ccriyc wy aviXve^ 
cij^idtpopovy 'Ajoyvpa/iocjScic)) dpavfiov ^loyiyei^ airo(f>'' 
pOQ fi ^/xepa, e^eic riyag Kal (r)(i<reig» 

3. Name the chief philosophic schools of Greece, the 

great teachers in each, and their principal tenets. 

4. Parse etrtro, diETfiayeVf rpairtiofievy &wovpaCf eticrrfv. 

Comment on the moods in 

el ^6 KE fjLTj dwioffiVj eyii) ^i Key ahroc eXatfiai 

rj TEoy rj Aiayroc l(i)y yipag, ? ^O^vaijoc 

a^w kXwy' 6 ^i Key Ke^oXwtreTai 6y Key iKutfiau 

6. Discuss the syntax of el wdyra ^' &c irpa<raotfA^ av, 
evdaptrrjc eyw. 

6. Name Lucian's chief un- Attic uses of (1) moods 

and tenses, (2) vocabulary, (3) inflexions. Quote 
some of his Latinisms. 

7. Translate the following passages : — 
(a) Kay T^^e irag ric, wc op^ ^v^6p(iia 

irlTTToyTa koX iropOovfiey^ ^ ffwTrX/fcro, 
jco^Xovc Te (^vffwv ffvXXeydiy r' ky^topLov^* 
TTpOQ evTpafelQ yap Kal yeaylas ^eyovc 
<l>avXovg fidxeadai jSovKoXovg fiyovfieOa. 
woXXol ^' ETXrjpdjdrjfiey ky fiiKp^ ypoyf, 
iriirrei he fiaylag wlrvXay 6 ^eyog fjieOelg, 
(trdi^uy d<j>p^ yeyeioy* utg V elveitofiey 
irpovpyov Treadyra, xac ayrfp e(r)(ey iroyoy 
l^dXXiayy dpatraioy' &Tepoc he rolv {evoiv 
&(j>p6y r' diri'^ri (rwfjiarog r' eTtifdXei 
wewXbty Te wpovKaXvTTTey evwrjyovg v^ac, 
KapadoKwy fiey rdnioyra TpavfAara^ 
<l>iXov he depairelaiiny &vhp* evepyeT&y. 

,y Google 


Iii^wv ^' dv^^ac 6 ^iyog veaiifiaroc 
eyyut KXv^toya TroXefjilwv irpo<TKtLfiEvov 
Kal T^v Topovffav wfi^pav ahroiv TriXas^ 

(i) 'Hftcic ^f Xiytofiey 6dey wape^il^TjfJLey' To yap 
ayaOoy Kal rriy eh^aifJLoylay ovk aXiyiac eolKatriy 
€K TUfy l^lwv inroXajx^dyeiy oi fiE'y iroXXol koI 
(^priKUfraroi ri^v ^^ov^v, dio xal Toy filoy iLyairwffi 
roy cLTToXavtrriKoy, Tpsie yap el<ri fidXiarra ol t/dov- 
XOVTtQy 6 re yvy elprj/iiyog ical 6 itoXitikoq Kal 
TpiroQ 6 detopTiriKOQ, Oi fiey ovy woXXol wayreXwg 
iLydpavodat^eiQ (paiyoyrai fioffKtiuaruty jSloy wpoai' 
povfjL€yoi, Tvy\ayovai M X6yov cia to toXXovq T&y 
ky TalQ i^ovalaig o^oioTradely ^ap^ayairaXX^, Ol 
Sc 'XapUyTeQ Kal wpaKriKol Tifiiiy' rov yap woXitikov 
filov tryiZoy tovto rcXoc. $aiVcrai he e7rnroXai6Tepoy 
elvai Tov l^rjfTOVfiiyov* doKei yap ey role Tifi&ffi 
fxdXXoy eJyai ij ey rf TtfKOjxeyf^f rayadoy he olKe76y 
Ti Kol Zvffa(^ipeToy eXyai fiayreySfieda, 


Profesior Tucker and Mr. Tuhbs. 

1. Translate, with brief marginal notes where neces- 
sary — 
(a) Ha^c ego quom ago ctim meo animo et r^colo 
et reputo r^ctiuSf 
tjhi qui eget quam pr6ti sit parvi : 
Apage amor, non places, nil te utor. 
Quamquam illud est dulce, ^sse et bibere, 
Amiir amari d4t tamen 
Satis qiiodaegrest: 

,y Google 


Fugit forum, fugdt tuos cogn^tos, 
Fugat ipsus sem^^ 4b suo contiiitu. 
Mille modis amor fgnorandust, pr6cul abhi- 

bend us atque apstandust. 
N4m qui in amorem pra^cipitavit, p^ius perit 
quasi skzo saliat. 
Apage te sis amor: tuds res tibi hab^to. 
Amor, amiciiis mihi ne fuas : 

(b) Con. Censen talentum magnum exorari pote 

Ab i8t6c sene ut det qui fiamus llberi 7 

Str. Famem h^rcle utendam, si roges, num- 
qudm dabit. 
Quin ipsi pridem t6nsor unguis dempserat, 
Conlegit, omnia ^bstulit praes%mina. 
Con. Edep61 mortalem p^*ce parcum praedicas. 
Censen vero adeo p^rc^ et misere vivere ? 
Str. Pulm^ntum pridem eripuit ei miluos : 

Homo dd praetorem pl6rabundu8 devenit, 
Infit ibi postul^re plorans 6iulans, 
Ut sibi liceret miluom vaddrier. 
Sesc^nta sunt, quae m^morem, si sit 

Sed uter vostrorumst c^lerior? memor^ 
Con. Ego et miilto melior. Str. C6cum ego, 

non furem rogo. 
Con. Cocum 6rgo dico. Str. Quid tu ais? 

A. Sic sum tit vides. 
Con. Cocus ille nundindlist : in noniim diem 
Solet ire coctum. 

(c) Enim vero ego nunc sucopbantae huic suco- 

phantari volo, 
Si hunc possum illo mille nummum Philippum 

,y Google 


(d) Multa me dehortantur a vobis^ Quirites, ni 
studium reipublicae omnia superet : opes factionis^ 
Tostra patientia^ ius nullum, ac maxume miod 
innocentiae plus periculi quam honoris est. Nam 
ilia quidem piget dicere, his annis quindecim 
quam ludibrio fueritis superbiae paucorum, quam 
foede quamque inulti perierint vostri defensores^ 
ut Yobis animus ab ignavia atque socordia con- 
ruptus sit, qui ne nunc quidem obnoxiis inimicis 
exsnrgitis^ atque etiam nunc timetis eos, quibus 
decet terrori esse. Set quanquam haec talia sunt^ 
tamen obviam ire factionis potentiae animus 
snbigit. Certe ego libertatem quae mihi a 
parente meo tradita est^ experiar: verum id 
frustra an ob rem faciam^ in vostra manu situm 
est, Quirites. Neque ego vos hortor, quod saepe 
maiores vostri fecere, uti contra iniurias armati 
eatis. l^ihil vi^ nihil secessioneopas est: necesse 
est suomet ipsi more praecipites eant. 

(e) Ex his apparet ilium permulta dixisse, cum 
ederet^ omisisse. Idem pro Cluentio ait se totam 
causam vetere instituto solum perorasse^ et pro 0. 
Cornelio quadriduo egisse : ne dubitare possimus 
quae per plures dies, ut necesse erat^ latius dixerit 
postea recisa ac repurgata in unum librum, 
grandem quidem, unum tamen, coartasse. At aliud 
est actio bona, aliud oratio. Scio non nullis ita 
Yideri^ sed ego, forsitan^ fallar, persuasum habeo 
posse fieri ut sit actio bona quae non sit bona 
oratio, non posse non bonam actionem esse quae 
sit bona oratio. Est enim oratio actionis exem- 
plar et quasi &p')(iTVTrov. Ideo in optima quaque 
mille figuras extemporales invenimus, in iis etiam 
Quas tantum editas scimus, ut in Verrem, " arti- 
ncem quem ? quemnam ? recte admones : Poly- 
clitum esse dicebant." Sequitur ergo ut actio sit 

M 2 

,y Google 


absolutissimaquae maxime orationis similitadinem 
expresserit^ si modo iustum et debitnm tempos 
accipiat: quod si negetur, nulla oratoris maxima 
iudicis culpa est. 

(y*) Lydia die per omnes 

Te deos oro, Sybarin cur properes amando 

Perdere ; cur apricum 
Oderit campum, patiens pulyeris atqne soils. 

Cur neque mUitaris 
Inter aequales equitat, Gallica nee lupatis 

Temperat era frenis ? 
Cur timet flayumTiberim tangere? Guroliyum 

Sanguine yiperino 
Oautius yitaty neque iam liyida gestat armis 

Bracchia, saepe disco, 
Saepe trans finem iaculo nobilis expedito ? 

Quid latet, ut marinae 
Filium dieunt Thetidis sub lacrimosa Troiae 

Fnnera, ne yirilis 
Gultus in caedem et Lycias pix)riperet cateryns? 

(jD Maenius ut rebus maternis atque paternis 
Fortiter absumptis; urbanus coepit haberi, 
Scurra yagus, non qui certum praesepe teneret, 
Impransus non qui ciyem dignosceret hoste, 
Quaelibet in quemvis opprobria fingere saevus, 
Peraicies, et tempestas^ barathrumque macelli, 
Quidquid quaesierat, yentri donabat ayaro. 
Hie ubi nequitiae fautoribus et timidis nil 
Aut paulum abstulerat^ patinas cenabat omasi, 
Vilis et agnini, tribus ursis quod satis esset : 
Scilicet ut yentres lamna candente nepotum 
Diceret urendos, corrector Bestius. 

(A) Quod si 

Frigida curarum fomenta relinquere posses. 
Quo te caelestis sapientia duceret, ires. 

,y Google 


S. Discnss any peculiarities in (a) the syntax, (b) 
the vocabulary, of Sallust. Under what heads 
would you classify them ? 

3. How far do the subjects of the ^^ Epistles " justify 
their poetic form ? 

1 Etplain the following: — munito agmine incedere 
— Q. Fabio cuius patrocinio civitas plurumum 
utebatur — haec lanus summus ab imo prodocet — 
cogat trans pondera dextram porrigere — audax 
lapeti genus — ^here duo nomenclatores mei terms 
denariis ad laudandum trahebantur. 

5. Give a brief account of Plautus' (i) life, (ii) work, 

(in) Latinity. 

6. Translate— 

(a) Aeneadum genetrix, hominum divomque 

Alma Venus, caeli subter labentia signa 
Quae mare navigerum, quae terras frugiferentis 
Concelebras, per te quoniam genus omne ani- 

Concipitur visitque exortum lumina solis. 
Te, dea, te fiigiunt venti, te nubila caeli 
Adrentumque tuum, tibi suavis daedala tellus 
Submittit nores, tibi rident aequora ponti 
Placatumque nitet difiuso lumine caelum, 
^am simui ac species patefactast verna diei 
Et reserata viget g:enitabilis aura faroni, 
Aeriae primum voTucres, te, diva, tuumque 
Significant initum pei'ddsae corda tua vi. 
Inde ferae pecudes persultant pabula laeta 
Et rapidos tranant amnis : ita capta lepore 
Te sequitur cupide quo quamque inducere 


,y Google 


(h) Quotiens super tali ne^otio consultaret, edita 
domus parte ac liberti unius conscientia utebatur. 
Is litterarum ignarus^ corpore valido per avia ac 
derupta — nam saxis domus imminet — praeibat 
eum, cuius artem experiri Tiberius statuisset, et 
regredientem^ si vanitatis aut fraudum suspitio 
incesserat, in subiectum mare praecipitabat, ne 
index arcani existeret. Igitur ThrasuUus isdem 
rupibus inductus postquam percunctantem com- 
moverat, imperium ipsi et futura sollerter pate- 
faciens^ interrogatur an suam quoque genitalem 
horam comperisset, quem turn annum, qualem 
diem haberet. Ille positus siderum ac spatia 
dimensus haerere primo, dein pavescere, et quan- 
tum introspiceret, magis ac magis trepidus 
admirationis et metus, posti*emo exclamat am- 
biguum sibi ac prope ultimum discrimen instare. 
Tum complexus eum Tiberius praescium pericul- 
orum et incolumem fore gratatur, quaeque dixerat 
oracli vice accipiens inter intimos amicorum tenet. 


Professor Tucker and Mr. Tubbs. 

1. Translate into Greek Iambics — 

They heard, and look'cl in one another's face, 
And then bent piously before the shrine 
With prayer and praises and thanksgiving hymn, 
And, after a short silence, went away, 
Taking each other's hand and swearing truth. 
Then to the ship in which they came, returned. 

,y Google 


Two of the youths were joyous, one was sad; 
Sad was Enallos; yet those two by none 
Were loved; Enallos had already won 
Gymodameia, and the torch was near. 

2. Translate into Greek Prose — 

I say unto you, my good masters and Christian 
brethren, that if I might have had such help as 
I spake of to my lords before, counsel and time, 
I doubt not but I should fully have satisfied your 
conscience and have persuaded you. But that 
may not be. Therefore I must answer directly 
to the accusation which will be hard for me to 
remember. The accusation comprehendeth the 
indictment, and all these worshipful men's tales 
annexed thereunto. The length whereof, the 
cunning whereof, made by learned men, weaved 
in and out to persuade you and to trouble me here 
and there, may both deceive you and amaze me, 
if God put not in your heads honest wisdom to 
weigh these things as much as it ought to be. 
So to avoid the danger of your forgetting and my 
trouble in the declaration it is necessary to gather 
the' whole process into these chief points, and 
unto them to answer directly whereoy ye shall 
perceive what things these men have craftily 
weaved together. 

,y Google 


Profeuor Tucker and Mr. Tuhhs. 

1. Translate into Latin Elegiacs — 

My banks they are furnished with bees. 

Whose murmur invites one to sleep ; 
My grottoes are shaded with trees, 

And my hills are white over with sheep. 
I seldom have met with a loss, 

Such health do my fountains bestow; 
My fountains are bordered with moss, 

Where the harebells and violets blow. 

From the plains, from the woodlands, and groves, 

What strains of wild melody flow ! 
How the nightingales warble their loves 

From thickets of roses that blow ! 
And when her bright form shall appear, 

Each bird shall harmoniously join 
In a concert so soft and so clear, 

As she may not be fond to resign. 

2. Translate into Latin Prose — 

The world is the book, and the only one to 
which at the present I would have you apply 
yourself; and the thorough knowledge of it will 
be of more use to you than all the books that ever 
were read. Lay aside the best book whenever 
you can go into the best company, and depend 
upon it you change for the better. However, 
as the most tumultuous life, whether of business 
or pleasure, leaves some moments vacant every 
day, in which a book is the refuge of a rational 
being, I mean now to point out to you the 

,y Google 


method of employing those moments (which will 
and ought to be but few) in the most advan- 
tageous manner^ Throw away none of your 
time upon those trivial futile books published by 
idle or necessitous authors^ for the amusement of 
idle and ignorant readers; such sort of books 
swarm and buzz about one every day; flap them 
away, they have no sting. Certum petejinem^ 
have some one object, and pursue that object till 
you have attainea it. 

Profoiaor Tucker and Mr, Tuhhs. 

1. Translate into Greek Iambics— 

loss of sight, of thee I most complain ! 
Blind among enemies, worse than chains, 
Dungeon, or beggary, or decrepit age ! 
Light, the prime work of God, to me is 

And all her various objects of delight 
Annull'd, which might in part my grief have 

Inferior to the vilest now become 
Of man or worm; the vilest here excel me: 
They creep, yet see: I, dark in light, exposed 
To daily fraud, contempt, abuse, and wrong, 
Within doors or without, still as a fool, 
In power of others, never in my own; 
Scarce half I seem to live, dead more than 


,y Google 


2. Translate into Greek Prose — > 

At one time it was suspected that Walker had 
laid up a secret store of food, and was dwelling 
in private while he exhorted others to suffer reso- 
lutely for the good cause. His house was strictly 
examined. His innocence was fully proved. He 
regained his popularity, and the garrison, with 
death in near prospect, thronged to the cathedral 
to hear him preach, drank in his earnest eloquence 
with delight, and went forth from the house of 
God with haggard faces and tottering steps, but 
with spirit still unsubdued. A very few obscure 
traitors opened communications with the enemy, 
but it was necessary that all such dealings should be 
carefiilly concealed. None dared to utter publicly 
any words save words of defiance and stubborn 
resolution. Even in that extremity, the general 
cry was " No Surrender." And there were not 
wanting voices which in low tones added " First 
the horses and hides, then the prisoners^ and 
then each other." 


Professor Tucker and Mr. Tuhbs. 

Translate into Latin Elegiacs — 

My banks they are furnished with bees. 

Whose murmur invites one to sleep; 
My grottoes isire shaded with trees, 

And my hills are white over with sheep. 
I seldom have met with a loss, 

Such health do my fountains bestow; 
My fountains are bordered with moss, 

Where the harebells and violets blow. 

,y Google 


From the plains, from the woodlands, and groves, 

What strains of wild melody flow ! 
How the nightingales warble their loves 

From thickets of roses that blow ! 
And when her bright form shall appear. 

Each bird shall harmoniously join 
In a concert so soft and so clear, 

As she may not choose to resign. 

2. Translate into Latin prose — 

In Cicero's extant correspondence we seem to 
be present at the shifting scenes of the drama, 
as the plot unfolds itself which involves the 
destinies of Rome. We hear the groans of the 
expiring Republic, which had been mortally 
wounded during the long civil wars of Marius 
and Sulla, and was fast sinking under the flood 
of social and political corruption which is sure to 
follow in the train of civil wars. At one time 
we watch with eager impatience the arrival of a 
courier at Tusculum with a letter from Atticus 
telling his friend the news of the day; and in 
Cicero's reply we read all the fluctuations of hope 
and fear which agitated him during the momen* 
tons crisis of his country's fate. At another we 
contemplate the great orator in the seclusion of 
his villa, as a plain country gentleman, busying 
himself with improvements on his estate, or 
amusing himself with pictures and statues and 
the various objects which interest a man of 
refined and cultivated taste. At another we see 
him at Rome, sick, weary, and disgusted with 
the din of strife, mistrusting everybody where 
no one seems worthy of trust, and harping ever 
on the vanity of ambition and the worthlessnesa 
of popular applause. 

,y Google 



Pabt I. 

The Boa/rd of Examinera, 


1. What can we glean from Piers the Plowman as to 

the condition of the Churchy Agriculture, and 
Society in England ? 

2. Explain fully the following words; — 

Ancresi auncere, balkes, caples, culorum, 
engreynedy ewages, hals, noumperC; palmer, 
ragman, yemicle, Goliardeys, Symonye. 

3. Eiplain— 

Sith charite hath be chapman. 

* Gode gris and gees — gowe dyne, gowe ! ' 

Purfiled with pelure. 

Somer game of souteres. 

JSayed and cliketed. 

Por-thi I rede yow, renkes — ^that riche ben on this 

Uppon trust of yoWre tresoure — triennales to 

Be ye neuere the balder-r-to broke the ten hestes ; 
And namelich, ye maistres — ^mayres and iugges, 
That han the welthe of this worlde-^and for 

wyse men ben holden, 
To purchase yow pardoun — and the popis bulles. 

,y Google 


i. What is the meanings of eaoh of the following 
names :^— The Tabard^ Gristofre, a ]ilamicipley 
Southwerke, Femenye, Theseus^ Chauntecleer^ 
daun Bumel ? 

5. Explain briefly — 

A not-heed hadde he. 

Wastel breed. 

Hir nose tretys. 

Gauded al with grene. 

His overest courtepy. 

His drogges and his letuaries. 

He was al hir reed. 

Now draweth cut er that we ferrer twinne. 

That foughten breme. 

9o moot I thee. 

So wlatsom and abhoipinable. 

J ne can not balte it to the bren. 

6, Pftraphrase and explain^-^ 

(1) Al was fee simple to him in effect. 
His purchasing mighte nat been infect. 

(2) Nat oonly lyk the loveres maladye 
Of Hereos, out rather lyk manye 
Engendred of humour malencolyk| 
Biforen^ in his celle fantastyk. 

(8) Armed compleint, outhees, and fiers outrage. 
The careyne in the bush, with throte y-corve: 
A thousand slayn, and nat of qualm y-storve. 

(4) Men may the olde at-renue, and noght at-rede. 

,y Google 


7. Oive a short account of Milton's Hymn on the 

Nativity^ and quote the stanza you admire the 

8. Point out the contrast between L' Allegro and 

II Penseroso. 

9. Prove from the poems that Milton was a Latinist. 

10. Examine the two following statements with respect 

to Richard II.:— 

(1) There is no humour in the play. 

(2) The women's parts are few and unimportant. 

11. Explain Macaulay's allusions in the following: — 

Arminius, Custalorum^ Justiza Mayor^ Eit-cat, 
Sir Francis Wronghead. 

12. Some village Hampden, that, with dauntless breast. 

The little tyrant of his fields withstood ; 
Some mute inglorious Milton here may rest^ 
Some Cromwell guiltless of his country's blood. 

What alteration was made with respect to 
these proper names ? 

And what may be inferred from the alteration ? 

,y Google 



Part II. 

The Board of Examiners. 


1. What is the substance of Goethe's theory of 

Hamlet ? Criticise it. 

2. Explain the following passages from Hamlet : — 

(1) Hyperion to a satyr. 

(2) I'll make a ghost of him that lets me. 

(3) Falsely borne in hand. 

(4) .... if his occulted guilt 
Do not itself unkennel in one speech. 

(5) .... they come not single spies 
But in battalions. 

(6) Worse than the mutines in the bilboes, 

3. Compare briefly the women in King Lear. 

4. What indications of Bacon's character do we 

gather from the Essays ? 

5. Given Shakspeare and Milton as the greatest 

names in jBnglish literature, whom wiiHl you 
place as next and next ? Give reasons for your 

6. What was Carlyle's opinion of Leo X., Knox^ 

Voltaire, Boswell, Napoleon's treatment of 

,y Google 


7. Whom does Carlyle call **by far the notablest of 

all literary men " ? Why did he not describe 
him nndep '^ Hero as Man of Letters"? 

8. Discuss the following remarks by Carlyle : — 

(1) I am well aware that in these days Hero- 
Worship professes to have gone out. 

(2) It is the Keblah of all Moslem. 

(8) Dante's Italians seem to be yet very much 
where they were. 

(4) I take your Bull^ as an emparchmented Lie, 
and bum it. 

(5) The true University of these days is a Collec- 
tion of Books. 

(6) La vaccine de la religion. 

9. What does Matthew Arnold mean by the '* note 

of provinciali^ " ? Give instances. 

10. Criticise Arnold's comparison of Joubert apd 


11. Point out the different explanations of Tennyson's 

added stanzas that begin-r- 

'^ Old warder of these buried bones^ 
And answering now my random stroke." 

12. Write an Essay on the heading ^^ Paracelsus 


,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 


1. Explain the following names and words: — He de 

France, Cocagne, Ysengrin, trouvdres, gabelle, 
cadastrer, fantassin, accaparer, galimatias, calem- 
bours, redevances, points de repdre. 

2. Translate— 

{a) ^* Les Suisses sont du XVI* sidcle, regardez leur 
fraise, leur plumet blanc, leur hallebarde, les 
raies rouges, jaunes et noires de leur justaucorps; 
on dit que le costume a 6te dessine par Michel- 

{h) Sa forme ne pent se comparer k rien, et la ligne 
qu'elle d^coupe dans le ciel est unique. Ni les 
montagnes, ni les collines, ni les edifices, ni les 
oeuvres naturelles, ni les oeuvres humaines n'en 
donnent Tidee; elle ressemble ^ tout cela: c'est 
une oeuvre humaine que le temps et les accidens 
ont d^form^e et transform^e jusqu'k la rendre 
naturelle. Au milieu de I'air, sa cime de bosse- 
lures 6mouss6es, sa crSte labour^e de larges vides, 
sa masse rouge&tre morne et morte tournent 
silencieusement sur un linceul de grands nuages. 

(c) L'eau ronge la c6te; de grands morceaux de 
terre et de pierre, durcis par son choc, Invent a 
cinquante pieds du rivage leur ^chine brune et 
jaune, us^s, fouilles, mordus, d6chiquet6s, creus^s 

I)ar la vague, semblables k un troupeau de cacha- 
ots 6cfaou^s. Le flot aboie ou beugle dans leurs 


,y Google 


entrailles min^eS; dans leurs profondes gueules 
b^antes; puis; quand ils Font engoaffr^^ ils le 
vomissent en bouillons et en ecame, contre les 
hautes vagues laisantes qui viennent ^ternelle- 
ment les assaillir. 

3. Write an essay on Tennyson's line: "Victor in 

drama, Victor in romance." 

4. Translate from L^Avare — 

Mais, comme ledit pr^teur n'a pas chez lui la 
somme dont il est question, et que, pour fairs 
plaisir ^ I'emprun^ur, il est contraint lui-m^me 
de Temprunter d'un autre sur le pied du denier 
cinq, il conviendra que ledit premier emprunteur 
paye cet int^rSt, sans prejudice du reste, attendu 
que ce n*est que pour I'obliger que ledit prfiteur 
s engage ^ cet emprunt. 

5. Translate from Victor Hugo— 

(a) Comment, disaient-ils, 

Avec nos nacelles, 
Fuir les alguazils ? 

— Bamez disaient-elles. 

Comment disaient-ils, 
Oublier querelles, 
Misere et perils ? 

— Dormez, disaient-elles. 

Comment, disaient-ils, 
Enchanter les belles 
Sans philtres subtils ? 

— Aimez, disaient-elles. 

,y Google 


(b) Ne crains pas la science, dpre sentier de feu, 
Route austere, il est vrai, mais des grands 

coeurs choisie, 
Que la religion et que la po^sie 
Bordent des deux c6t^s de leur buisson fleuri. 
Quand tu peuz en chemin, 6 bel enfant ch6ri, 
Cueillir I'^pine blanche et les clochettes bleues, 
Ton petit pas se joue avec les grandes lieues. 
Ne crains done pas I'ennui, ni la fatigue. — 

Viens ! 
Ecoute la nature auz vagues entretiens. 
Entends sous chaque objet sourdre la parabole. 
Sous r^tre universel vois I'eternel symbole ; 
Et I'homme et le destin, et I'arbre et la for^t ; 
Le noirs tombeaux, sillons oii germe le regret j 
Et, comme k nos douleurs des branches at- 

Les consolations sur notre front pench^es; 
Et, pareil k Tesprit du juste radieux, 
Le soleil, cette gloire ^panouie aux cieux ! 

(c) En classe, un banc de chSne, us6, lustr6, splen- 

Une table, un pupitre, un lourd encrier noir, 
Une lampe, humble soeur de I'^toile du soir, 
M'accueillaient gravement et doucement. Mon 

Comme je vous I'ai dit souvent, 6tait un prStre 
A I'accent calme et bon, au regard r^chaufiFant, 
Naif comme un savant, malin comme un enfant, 
Qui m'embrassait, disant, car un 61oge excite : 
— Quoiqu'il n'ait que neuf ans, il explique Tacite. 

. Translate — 

(a) Rodlanz est proz ed Oliyiers est sages ; 
Ambedoi ont meryeillos vassalage. 
Puis qued il sont as chevals ed as armes, 

N 2 

,y Google 


Ja por morir n'eschireront bataille. 
Bon sont li conte e lor paroles haltes. 
Felon paien par grant iror cheralchent. 
Dist Oliviers : ^* Rolanz, yedez en alqnes! 
Yostre olifant soner yos nel deignastes : 
Fast i li reis, n'i oiissons domage ; 
Gil qui la sont n'en deivent aveir blasme. 
Onardez a mont ga defers les porz d' Aspre : 
Vedeir podez dolente riedreguarde ; 
Qui ceste fait ja mais n'en ferat altre/' 
{h) Dessour son piz, entre les dous forceles, 
Groisiedes at ses blanches mains, les beles. 
Fortmeut lo plaint a la lei de sa terre : 
'^ £ ! gentilz om, cheyaliers de bon aire, 
Ui te comant al glories celeste. 
Ja mais n'iert om plus volentiers lo seryet. 
Des les ap5steles ne fiit mais tel prophete 
Por lei tenir e por omes atraire. 
Ja la vostre 4neme nen ait duel ne sofraite : 
De paredis li seit la porte overte ! " 

7. Translate and explain — arbaleste^ arpent, Dam- 

nedeu, encui, graisles, pui, la marche^ claimet sa 

8. Translate — 

Au darien il amenerent un vilain a pi^ qui leur 
jeta trois fois le feu grejois : I'une des fois recoilli 
Ouillaumes de Bouon le pot de feu grejois a sa 
rouele ; et s'il se 6i8t pris a rien seur lui il eiist 
este tous ars. Nous estions tuit convert de pil^s 
qui eschapoient des sergens. Or avint ainsi que 
je trouvai un gamboison d'estoupes a un Sarrazin : 
je tournai le fendu devers moi et fis escu deu 
gamboison^ qui m'eut grant mestier ; car je ne 
^i pas bleci^s de leur pil^ qu'en cine lieus et 

,y Google 


mes roncins en quinze lieus. Or avint encore 
ainsi qu'uns miens bourjois de Joinvile m'aporta 
une baniere de mes armes a un fer de glaive. 

9. Translate— 

(a) II fault avoir Tame nette, au moins en ce 
moment auquel nous le prions et deschargee de 
passions vicieuses; aultrement nous luj presen- 
tons nous mesmes les verges de quoi nous chas- 
tier: au lieu de rabiller nostre faulte, nous la 
redoublons, presentants a celuy h qui nous avons 
k demander pardon, une affection pleine d*irrever- 
ence et de hajne. Yojl^ pourquoi je ne loue pas 
volontiers ceulx que je veois prier Dieu plus 
souvent et plus ordinairement, si les actions 
voisines de la priere ne me tesmoignent quelque 
amendement et reformation. — Montaigne. 

(J) Toutes choses prenoit en bonne partie, tout 
acte interpretoit k bien. Jamais ne se tourmen- 
toit, jamais ne se scandalizoit. Aussi eust il est6 
bien forissu du Deificque manoir de raison, si 
aultrement se feust contriste ou alter^. Gar tous 
les biens que le Ciel couvre et que la Terre con- 
tient en toutes ses dimensions, haulteur, pro- 
fondit^, longitude et latitude, ne sont dignes 
d'esmouvoir nos affections et troubler nos sens et 
espritz. — Rabelais. 

(c) " Somme, en ce Monde desraj^, rien ne debvant, 
rien ne prestant, rien ne empruntant, vous voirez 
une conspiration plus pemicieuse que n'a figure 
.dBsope en son apologue, et perira sans doubte ; 
non perira seullement^ mais bien tost perira, 
feust-ce ^sculapius mesmes, et ira soubdain le 
corps en putrefaction; Fame toute indign^e 
prendra course k tous les diables apres mon 
argent."— Rabel ais. 

,y Google 


10. Translate, with short notes: — 

(a) Ainsi s'en va chatouilleox de la gorge 
Ledit Valet, mont^ comme un sainct George: 
£t vous laissa Monsieur dormir son saoul, 
Qui au resveil n'eust sceu finer d'un soul. 

Ge Monsieur 1^ (Sjre) c'estoit moj mesme: 
Qui sans mentir &z au matin bien blesme, 
Quand je me vej sans honneste vesture, 
Et fort fascb6 de perdre ma monture : 
Mais de I'argent que vous m'aviez donn6, 
Je ne fuz point de le perdre estonn6 : 
Car vostre argent (tresdebonnaire Prince) 
Sans point de faulte est subject h la pince. 

— Marot. 

(b) Mieux vault que les siens on precede, 

Le nom d'Achille poursuyvant, 
Que d'estre ailleurs un Dioniede, 
Voire un Thersite bien souvent. 

— Du Bellay. 

(c) Je n'aime point ces vers qui rampent sur la terre, 
Ny ces vers ampouUez, dont le rude tonnerre 
S'envole outre les airs ; les uns font mal au coeur 
Des liseurs degoustez, les autres leur font peur: 
Ny trop haut, ny trop bas, c'est le souverain style; 
Tel fut celuy d'Homere et celuy de Virgile. 


11. Translate into French — 

Read, among other things, the first stories of 
the first crusade. Godfrey of Bouillon cleaves a 
Saracen to the middle. In Palestine, a widow 
who was not sixty years old, was obliged to marry, 
because no fief could remain without a defender. 
A Spanish chief said to his followers, who were 
very tired after a battle, " You are too tired and 

,y Google 


too much covered with wounds ; but come and 
fight with me against this other troop ; the fresh 
wounds we shall receive will make us forget those 
we have received." At that time^ says the 
General Chronicle of Spain, the kings, the counts, 
the nobles, and all the knights, in order to be 
ready at all hours, kept their horses in the room 
where they slept with their wives. 

12. Write in French an essay on Molidre. 

The Board of Hxaminers. 


1. Write a short essay in German on *' United 


2. Translate into German — 

Truth is superior to fiction : we feel at home 
among these brave, good people; their fortune 
interests us more than that of all the brawling, 
vapid, sentimental heroes in creation. Yet to 
make them interest us was the very highest 
problem of art ; it was to copy lowly Nature, to 
give us a copy of it embellisned and refined by 
the agency of genius, yet preserving the likeness 
in every lineament. The highest quality of art 
is to conceal itself. These peasants of Schiller's 
are what every one < imagines he could imitate 

,y Google 


successfully; yet, in the hands of any but a true 
and strong-minded poet they dwindle into repul- 
dve coarseness or mawkish insipidity. Among 
our own writers who have tried such subjects we 
remember none that have succeeded equally with 
Schiller. — ^Carlyle. 

8. Translate the following passages from Faust: — 

(1) So schreitet in dem engen Bretterhaus 
Den ganzen Kreis der Schdpfung aus, 
Und wandelt mit bedacht'ger Schnelle 
Vom Himmel durch die Welt zur H6lle. 

(2) Doch ihr, die echten Gottersohne, 
Erfreut euch der lebendig reichen Schone! 
Das Werdende, das ewig wirkt und lebt^ 
Umfass' euch mit der Liebe holden Schranken, 
Und was in schwankender Erscheinung 

Befestiget mit dauernden Gedanken. 

(8) Ich werde jetzt dich keinem Nachbar reichen, 
Ich werde meinen Witz an deiner Kunst nicht 

zeigen : 
Hier ist ein Saft, der eilig trunken macht. 
Mit brauner Fluth erfiillt er deine Hohle. 
Den ich bereitet, den ich wahle, 
Der letzte Trunk sei nun mit ganzer Seele 
Uls festlich hoher Grusz dem Morgen zuge- 

bracht ! 

(4) Nichts Bessers weisz ich mir an Sonn-und 
Uls ein Oesprach von Krieg und Kriegsgeschrei, 
Wenn hinten weit in der Turkei 
Die Yolker auf einander schlagen. 

,y Google 


(5) VerjQucht sei Mammon, wenn mit Sohatzen 
£r uns zu klihnen Thaten regt, 

Wenn er zu miiszig-em Ergetzen 
Die Polster uns zurechte legt! 

(6) Man kann nicht stats das Fremde maiden, 
Das Gute liegt uns oft so fern, 

Ein echter deutscher Mann mag keinen 

Franzen leiden, 
Doch ihre Weine trinkt er gern. 

(7) Und trate sie den Augenblick herein, 
Wie wlirdest du fur aeinen Frevel biiszen ! 
Der grosze Hans, ach wie so kleio ! 

Lag, hingeschmolzen ihr zu Fliszen. 

C8) TJnd wenn der Sturm ipa Walde braust und 
Die Riesenfichte stiirzend Nachbaraste 
TJnd Nachbarstamme quetschend niederstreift 
Und ihrem Fall dumpf hohl der Hiigel donnert; 
Dann fiihrst du mich zur sichem Hohle, zeigst, 
Mich dann luir selbst und meiner eignen Brust 
Geheime, tiefe Wunder oflfhen sich. 

(9) Und nun ! — urns Haar sich auszuraufen 
Und an den Wanden hinaufzulaufen ! , 
Mit Stichelreden, Naseriimpfen 
Soil jeder Schurke mich beschimpfen ! 
Soil wie ein boser Schuldner sitzen, 
Bei jedem Zufallswortchen schwitzen ! 
Und mocht' ich sie zusammenschmeiszen — 
Konnt' ich sie doch nicht Lligner heiszen. 

(10) Spinnenfiisz und Krotenbauch 

Und Flligelchen dem Wichtchen! 
Zwar ein Thierchen ffibt es nicht, 
Doch gibt es ein Oedichtchen. 

,y Google 


State in each case from whose moath each 
speech proceeds, and write a short ezplanatoiy 

4. Translate the following passages from Lessing's 
Laokoon: — 

(1) Der heftiare Schmerz, welcher das Schreien 
auspresset, Iksst entweder bald nach, oder zer- 
stort das leidende Sulject. Wann also auch der 
geduldigste standhan^ste Mann schreiet, so 
schreiet er doch nicht unablasslich. IJnd nur 
dieses scheinbare Unablassliche in der materiellen 
Nachahmung der Kunst ist es, was sein Schreien 
zu weibischem TInvermogen, zu kindischer TJn- 
leidlichkeit machen wiirde. Dieses wenigstens 
musste der K&nster des Laokoons vermeiden, 
hatte schon das Schreien der Schonheit nicht 
geschadety ware es auch seiner Kunst schon 
erlaubt gewesen, Leiden ohne Schonheit auszu- 

(2) Ich gebe es zu, dass die Kiinstler besser gethan 
hatten, wenn sie seit Raphaels Zeiten, anstatt 
des O^ids, den Homer zu ihrem Handbuche 
gemacht batten. Aber da es nun einmal nicht 
geschehen ist, so lasse man das Publicum in 
seinem Oleise, und mache ihm sein Yergniigen 
nicht saurer, als ein Vergnugen zu stehen kom- 
men muss, um das zu sein, was es sein soil. 

(3) ^Alle Falten,' sagt er, 'haben bei ihm ihre 
Ilrsachen, sei es durch ihr eigen Gewicht, odep 
durch die Ziehung der Glieder. Manchmal 
siehet man in ihnen, wie sie vorher gewesen; 
Baphael hat auch sogar in diesem Bedeutung^ 
gesucht. Man siehet an den Falten, ob ein Bein 
oder Arm vor dieser Regung vor oder hinten 

,y Google 


gestanden, ob das Glied von Krumme zur Aus- 
streckung gegangen, oder gehet, oder ob es 
ausgestreckt gewesen, und sich krliznmet.' 

(4) Ich will es nicht wagen, so geradezu mit Nein 
hierauf zu antworten. Es ist unleugbar, dass 
uDschadliche Hasslichkeit auch in der Malerei 
lacherlich werden kann; besonders wenn eine 
Affectation nach Reiz und Ansehen damit ver- 
bunden wird. Es ist eben so uustreitig, dass 
schadliche . Hasslichkeit, so wie in der Natur, 
also auch im Gemalde Schrecken erwecket ; und 
dass jenes Lacherliche und dieses Schreckliche, 
welches schonvor sich vennischteEmpfindungen 
sind^ durch die Nachahmung einen neuen Grad 
von Anzuglichkeit und Vergniigen erlangen. 

5. Translate — 

(1) Sie folgte so stolz und gliickselig seinem 
Verlangen, wie ein Knappe, den der Konig ruft, 
um ihn zum Hitter zu schlagen. 

(2) Solcher Ilnverstand ist wie ein Kniippel gegen 
den man mit Florentiner Rapieren, mit feinen 
Terzen und Quarten nicht ankommt. Mir ist 
der Weizen verhagelt. 

^^So laszt ihn liegen und seht zu, ob die Gerste 
und der Klee nicht besser stehen," entgegnete 
Wilhelm heiter und warf einer groszen Taube, 
welche sich auf die Briistung seiner Warte 
gestellt hatte> Wicken und Weizenkorner bin. 

(8) Die wiirdigen Matronen stammten sammtlich 
aus weit friiheren Jahrzehnten als sie, und wenn 
sie bei Kuchen, Fruchtmus und Wiirzwein 
dasaszen und spinnend, strickend oder Netze 
kniipfend von der schlimmen Zeit der Belagerung, 

,y Google 


von Kinderpflege und Dienstbotensorgen, von 
Wasche und Seirekochen sprachen, oder die vielen 
unbegreijQichen und niemals zu billi^ndenDinge, 
welcne andere Frauen begangen naben soUten, 
begingen oder begehen woUten, einer strengen 
Priifung unterzogen, so ward der Biirgemeisterin 
scbwul urn's Herz und ihre einsame Eammer 
wollte ihr dann immer wie ein stiller Friedens- 
winkel erscheinen. — Ebers. 


Second Paper. 

The Board of Examiners. 

Proye that if three forces acting on a rigid body 
in a plane balance they must either meet in a 
point or be parallel. 

A heavy uniform rod of length 21 rests with 
one end on a rough horizontal plane. A string 
is attached at a distance a from the lower end, 
and exerts a horizontal tension. If fi is the 
coefficient of friction, show that for equilibrium 
the rod must make an angle greater than 

tan~* — with the horizontal, and find the magni- 

tude of the tension when it makes an angle a 
greater than this. 

Prove the formula z Sm = ^mz for the distance 
of the centre of gravity of a system of particles 
from a given plane. 

,y Google 


A complete pyramid with square base is 
formed by piling up equal balls, there being n? 
balls in the base. Show that the height of the 
centre of gravity of the pyramid above the 
centres of the balls forming the base is to tha 
height of the centre of the top ball as n : 491+2. 

Two equal 'heavy circular cylinders are placed 
symmetrically in the angle formed by two rough 
planes equally inclined to the vertical. A rough 
wedge is pressed down symmetrically between 
the two cylinders. 

If 2a be the angle between the planes, 2/3 the 
angle of the wedge, and \ the an^le of friction, 
show that the wedge cannot force up the 
cylinders unless a — /3 > 2X. 

Find the pressure on the wedge which will 
force up the cylinders, supposing that this con- 
dition is satisfied, and prove that the cylinders 
begin by slipping on the wedge. 

4. Prove that the path of a projectile in a vacuum is 
a parabola. 

• An elastic ball of coeflBcient e is projected with 
velocity V and elevation a from a point on a 
horizontal plane, and impinges against a smooth 
vertical wall at distance a from the point of 

Show that the ball first strikes the horizontal 
plane at a distance from the point of projection 


,y Google 


5. A particle performs oscillations in a straight line 

under a force which varies as the distance from 
a fixed point in the line. Find the velocity and 
the position of the particle at any time. 

If the complete oscillations of amplitude a be 
prevented by two perfectly elastic stops at equal 
distances c from the centre of force, show that 
the nature of the motion between the stops is 
unaltered, but the time of oscillation is decreased 
in the ratio 

2 . , £? 

- sm * - . 
9r d 

6. Investigate the expression 



for the time of oscillation of a simple pendulum 
of length I, ' 

7. Three masses mi, m^ m^ are attached to the 
corners of a light smoothly-jointed triangular 
frame ABC. 

The whole rotates uniformly without constraint 
around an axis perpendicular to the plane of the 

Show that this axis passes through the centre 
of gravity of the masses, and that the tensions 
in the frame are given by 

T^ - ^« - ^3 _ Itf^ 

arn^ ms "" brn^ mi "" cmi m, "" nii + wi, -f wij * 

where a, b, c are the sides, and <a is the angular 

,y Google 


8. Find the centre of pressure in heavy liquid 

(1) Of a triangle with its base in the surface. 

(2) Of an isosceles triangle with its plane vertical, 
vertex downwards, and base horizootal, at a 
depth h below the surface. 

9. Define carefully the term metacentre, and show 

the connexion between the position of the meta- 
centre and the stability of a floating body. 

. f «^^ . , , . , 
Investigate the expression -^rr~ lor the height 

of the metacentre above the centre of gravity of 
the liquid displaced when the section of the body 
at the water-line is rectangular, 2a being the 
breadth of the rectangle in the plane of dis- 
placement, I its length, and V the volume of 
liquid displaced. 

10. Find the form of the free surface, and the pressure 
at each point, of a heavy liquid revolving as a 
rigid body about a vertical axis. 


Second Paper. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. A triangle, ABC, is formed by three rods 
smooth^ jointed at their ends. Couples L, M, 
N are applied to the sides in the plane of the 

,y Google 


Find the condition of equilibrium and show- 
that the reaction at the joint A is 

, pi^ In 2MN " 

cosec A J -^ + -^ + -^ cos A 
a, b, c being the lengths of the sides. 

2. A rough hemisphere! rests with its base on a 

rough horizontal plane. The rough lower end 
of a stick sliding in a smooth vertical tube 
rests on the hemisphere. Show that the hemi- 
sphere begins to slide when the inclination a to 
the vertical of the radius to the lower end of 
the stick is given by 

W tan (a - \) =z (Tr+ TF') tan X 

where \ is the angle of friction and W, W 
are the weights of the hemisphere and stick 

3. Prove the principle of virtual work for a system 

of coplanar forces acting on a rigid body. 

4. Find the attraction of a thin spherical shell at a 

point outside it. 

5. If Uj V are the components of velocity of a particle 

in the direction of two rectangular axes which 
revolve with angular velocity w, show that the 
component accelerations in the same directions 
are w — on?, t? + ww. 

A rod of length I moves so that its ends are 
always on the revolving axes. Find the acceler- 
ation of a point dividing the rod in a given 

,y Google 


6. Investigate the polar equation of a central orbit 

Show that the attracted particle is approach- 
ing the centre. most rapidly when P = A^ w', 
and find where this is in an elliptic orbit with 
the centre offeree at the focus. 

7. A string is attached to a point of a circular disc 

and carries a particle on its other end. 

Initially the whole is at rest, and the string; is 
a prolongation of a radius of the disc, and is 
equal to it in length. If now the disc begins to 
revolve uniformly about its centre, show that the 
string will begin to wrap on the disc when the 
latter has turned through an angle 

8. Investigate the general formula for the centre of 

i)re88ttre of a plane area immersed in a heavy 
iquid using rectangular co-ordinates. 

A sphere of radius a is totally immersed in a 
liquid with its centre at a depth h below the 
surface. Find the whole, vertical, and horizon- 
tal pressures on an eighth part of the sphere 
below the centa'e bounded by the horizontsu and 
two vertical great circles. 

9. Prove that the question of the equilibrium and 

stability of a floating body is the same as for a 
body bounded by the surface of buoyancy resting 
on a horizontd plane, the centre of gravity 
being the same in the two oases. 


,y Google 


10. Two equal uniform thin rods are joined at one end 
of each and float pardally immersed and juncture 
tippermost in liquid, the rods being equally 
inclined to the vertical. 

Show that the equilibrium is unstable for dis- 
placement perpendicular to the plane of the rods, 
and also in that plane if the ratio of the part not 
immersed to the rest is less than I cot^ A 
where 2A is the angle between the rods. 


First Paper. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. ^if{(i)ff{h) have opposite signs, one root at 

least of the equation f{x) =0 lies between a 
and b. 

Shew that the roots of each of the equations 

(a? — £?)(a? — «)— ^2 — 

separate the roots of the equation 

(a? — a) (a? — b) (x — c) — ^ {x — a) 
- ^2 (a? - *) -A3 (x^c) — 2fgh = 0. 

2. State and prove Newton's theorem concerning the 

sums of tne powers of the roots of an equation. 

,y Google 


Ifa? + y-i-2; = prove that 

a? + y -f 2; = prove that 

a?8 + y^ + ;2» = i (a?* + y* + z^f 

h I (cc2 + y^ + z^-) (a?« + y« + 2^3)2. 

8. Prove the binomial theorem for any exponent. 

Shew that the remainder after the first r terms 
of the expansion of (1 — fc)""*, where m and x are 
positive and mx < 1, is greater or less than the 
(r + 1)** term divided by 1 — a? according as 
m > or < 1. 

4. Find the sum of n terms of the series whose 

n** term is the reciprocal of 

{a + wJ) (a + n + 1 5). . . . (a + w + »i — 1 J). 
Sum to n terms and to infinity the series 
1 1 1 1 

1-3-7 "^ 3-5-9 "*■ 6-7-11 ^ 7-9-13 "^ ••" 
4 6 6 7 

l-2-3"^ 2-3-4 "^ 3-4-6 "*" 4-5-6 ^ '"' 

5. State and prove the rule for forming convergents 

to a continued fraction of the form 

1 1 1 
ai + 

«a + ^ + a^ + 

lipnjqn be the n** convergent to the continued 


a+ J + a+ J+ •••• 


O 2 

,y Google 


6. State and prove. Fermat's theorem. 

If n be prime and n > a; > 1, then 
aj""* + «?*"» + . • • • + a? + 1 
is divisible by n. 

7. Enunciate and prove Demoivre's theorem. 

Shew how to find all the values of 

8. Express sin "d in terms of sines and cosines of 

multiples of 6, giving the last term in each case. 

Express cos ^6 sin ^6 in terms of sinea of 
multiples of 6. 

9. Having given the value of 

Co + ^1 ^ + Cj as' + • • • • + c„ iT*, 

where c^, £?i , .... c^ are independent of a?, find 
the values of 

^oC08a + {?iCOs(a+/3) +... . + {?„cos(a + n/3) 
Oo sin a+Ci sin (a+/3) + . . . . + Cn sin {a + Tifi). 

Sum to infinity the series 
«? sin + J a?* sin 2a + ^ a?8 sin 86 + • . . . 

10. Besolve cos into factors. 

Prove that 

1 1 8.5 

0""7r2-02 85»7r2-02^52x2-^a« 

4:T cos S 

,y Google 


11. Proye that in any spherical triangle 

cos c =z cos a cos ( + sin a sin b cos C, 
Prove that in any equilateral spherical triangle 
sec J. = 1 + sec a. 


Second Paper. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Find the equation of the straight line through the 

intersection of the lines 

^1 a + *iy + ^1 = 0, Oja: + % + cs = 
and perpendicular to the line 

^ja? + % + ^3 =z 0. 
Prove that the three perpendiculars of a tri- 
angle meet in a point, 

2. Find the equation of the tangent at any point of 

the circle 

aj2 4. y2 + 2gx + 2/2^ + (? = 0. 
Find the equation of the locus of the inter- 
section of two straight lines at right angles to 
one another, each of which touches one of the 
two circles 

(a? - fl)2 + y» z= *3, {x + of + y2 = c», 

and prove that the bisectors of the angles between 
the straight lines always touch one or other of 
two other fixed circles. 

,y Google 


3. Find the equation of the straight line joining two 

given points on a parabola. 

Circles are described on two chords of a para- 
bola as diameters. If the chords intersect on the 
axis of the parabola, prove that the radical axis of 
the circles passes through the vertex. 

4. From the point hy k tangents are drawn to the 


— -I- — ^ 1 . 

If the normals at the points of contact meet in 
the point x, y prove that 

«» + «» 

y = *(i-^)^ 


Prove that the locus of the intersection of 
perpendicular normals is 

(a2 + i») (a!» + y») {a? y» + J» ^^ 

5. If 

cos (iw tan '^x) 

y=- s— 

(1 + a^)' 

,y Google 

H0N0I7B EXAMINATION, OCT., 1891, 199 

shew that when a? = 

^+(m + n-2)im + n- 1)^^ = 

and hence find the 7alae of -^ where a? = 0. 

6. Prove that under certain conditions 

fix + A) =z/(^) + %f {X + eA) 

where 6 is a proper firaction, and state the 

Expand log cos x in ascending powers of a? as 
far as th^ term in o^. 

7. State and prove a rale for finding maxima and 

minima values of a function of one independent 

The portion of the tangent to an ellipse inter- 
cepted oetween the axes is a minimum; find its 

8. Define the expression 
{x) dx 


and prove that its value is ^ (b) ^ ^ (a) where 
\l/ {x) is any function which has ^ (x) for its 
differential coefficient. 

9. Shew how to integrate the expressions 

Ax -h B s/ aa?' + Ix ^ c 

n/ flar» + fe + c ' Ax -^ B 

,y Google 


10. Shew that it ig possible to integrate anj expression 
which contains x and y rationally and algebraic- 
ally where ^ 
y^ =z ax^ '\- bx + c. 

Find the value of 

^ >/ 2ax — «* da?. 



Second Paper. 

The Board of Examiners, 

1. Prove that the length of the chord of the ellipse 

a2 ^ ft3 - -^ 
which lies along the straight line 


P + m^ 

£[ence find the condition that the line may 
touch the ellipse. 

Digitized by Google 


3. Find the focus of the parabola 

If a parabola touch two given straight lines 
and the chord of contact passes through a fixed 
point, the focus will be on a fixed circle. 

3. Find the condition that the line 

la + mfi '\- nyizo 
may touch the conic 

Two triangles are inscribed in a conic; shew 
that their six sides touch another conic. 

4. Find the shortest distance between two straight 

lines whose equations are given in the sym- 
metrical form. 

Find the shortest distances between the diag- 
onal of a rectangular parallelepiped and the edges 
which it does not meet. 

5. If a'y Vy d be the lengths of three conjugate semi- 

diameters of the ellipsoid 

- p + jj + ^ - 1 

prove that 

a'» + J'» + c^ = «» + js + cJ 

h'^ d^ sin«o + c'» «'« 8in« j3 + o'» 5'» sin* y 

where a /3 y are the angles whioh a', h\ d make 
with one another. 

, Google 


Shew that any three equal conjugate diameters 
lie on the cone 

J(J2 + ^ -.2a2) + |'(c2 + a2 - W) 

and that the planes containing two of three equal 
conjugate diameters touch the cone 

a^ ( J2 + (.2 - 2^3) "^ *2 ((?2 + a2 - 2J2) 

C2 (^2 + J2 _ 2c2) 

= 0. 

6. Find the circular sections of an ellipsoid. 

If the two circular sections which pass through 
a point on an ellipsoid have the same radii^ 
prove that the point must lie on one of the 
principal planes through the mean axis. 

7. Shew how to find the asymptotes of a curve 

referred to polar coordinates. 

Find the asymptotes of the curves 
r cos n 6 = a , r cos n 6 =: a cos m 6. 

8. Find the equation to that curve of the family 

(r) = J. cos 6 + 5 sin 6 

which touches the curve r = J* (0) at the point 
where 6 zz a, A and B being parameters and ^ 
a given function. 

,y Google 


Hence find the polar equations to the tangent 
and the circle of curvature of the curve r zzf{d) 
at the point where =: a, and deduce the ordin- 
ary expressions for the radius of curvature in 
polar coordinates. 

9. Investigate a formula for the volume of any solid 

referred to rectangular axes. 

Find the volume enclosed by the surfaces 
gfi + y^ zz2cZy a? '\- 'ip •=! 2ax , ;s = , 

illustrating by figures the process of summation. 

10. Shew how to difierentiate 



<l> (a?, c) das 

with respect to e. 

If JP(^)be an algebraical polynomial of less 
than n dimensions^ prove that 



F{x) ^ 1 rf«-i 


(x — cY |7i — 1 dc^^ 



Sbcond Papbb. 

The Board of Examiners. 

. Describe fully the various experiments by which the 
mean density of the earth has been ascertained^ 
and discuss the bearing of this ascertained density 
upon the question of the structure and compo- 
sition of the interior. 

,y Google 

204 AiriruAL examination papbrs^ 

2. Give Mallef s definition of an earthquake^ and ex- 

explidn the method of determining^ — , 
(a) The point on the earth's sur&ce vertically 

above tne focus of an earthquake. 
(J) The depth of the focus. 

3. Explain clearly the difference between the " strike " 

and the " outcrop" of stratified rocks, mentioning 
the varying circumstances where they coincide, 
and where there is the greatest divergence be- 
tween them. 

4. Explain fully what is meant by False bedding. Thin- 

ning-out, Unconformity, and Overlap respectively, 
giving the exact geological inference you would 
draw from each. 

5. What do you understand by Zeolites? What is 

their general chemical composition ? Where are 
they found? And whence are they derived? 
Give examples. 

6. Explain clearly the difference between Isomorphism 

and Heteromorphism with its two varieties Di- 
morphism and Trimorphism. Illustrate your 
answer by examples. 

7. Define the terms "Holohedral" and "Hemihedrar' 

as used in Crystallography, with illustrations from 
the Monometric System, and state what you 
understand by *' Twin " Crystals, and " Macles " 
or " Hemitropes," and how they are usually 
recognised ? 

,y Google 



The Board of Hxaminers, 

Paper No. 2, 

1. Explain the following statements: — (a) Formal 

logic is the science of concepts of the second 
intention applied to first, (b) It is not an 
organon of science, {c) It is a canonic of thought 
and science. 

2. What logical distinction may be drawn between 

Perception or Intuition and Thought ? Illustrate. 

d. Mention general characteristics of the Concept or 
Notion. Consider any alleged cases in which 
the concept entirely represents the individual. 

4. Show the connexion of the laws of Identity, Con- 

tradiction, and Excluded Middle. Discuss the 
question whether there is required, for purposes 
of Formal Logic, the addition of any other law 
equally fundamental. 

5. Consider whether immediate inference by way of 

Conversion can be justified by reference to logical 

6. Mention rules in accordance with which relatively 

simple propositioiks may be drawn from (a) com- 
plex univeml propositions; (6) complex particular 

,y Google 


7. Simplify the following complex propositions: — 

(1) Be is ce or de or cD or ab or aBe. 

(2) No AB or AD is ajBc or Ab/s or ai> or heB 
or otf^. 

8. (a) Find the full contrapositive^ simplifying as far 

as possible, of the proposition 

AX\sBCdE or bcDe. 

{b) What information can you obtain about e. Be, 
Afy or Dy from the proposition 

All AB is CD or EF? 

9. The goods in a given warehouse contain neither 

colonial tweeds, nor imported broadcloths, nor 
ready-made clothing which is neither tweed nor 
broadcloth. At the same time, the colonial goods 
do not include broadcloth, and the imported 
goods consist exclusively of what is not tweed. 
Working by Keynes's method, how would you 
sum up in the simplest way your information 
about ue goods as a whole ? 


The Board of Examiners. 

Paper No. 2. 

1. Explain and illustrate the statement that Empirical 
Logic should be regarded in a twofold aspect^ 
objective and subjective. 

,y Google 


2. Show why it is that we are apt to treat causes and 

eflFects diflferently, dwelling on Plurality of 
Causes and not on Plurality of Effects. 

3. Consider Venn's statement of the stages of advanc- 

ing precision and completeness in the treatment 
of unifonnities of Co-existence. 

4. Can Uniformities of Persistence be brought within 

the range of the law of Causation ? Refer to 
any passages in Mill and Venn bearing on this 

5. Commenting on Mill's justification of the belief in 

the Uniformity of Nature, Venn remarks — *' If 
one might take the place of counsel and persuade 
him to withdraw his own defence, and to fall 
back upon that of Hume, his case would, I think, 
be much stronger." Explain the position here. 

6. To what extent has the theory of natural classifica- 

tion been influenced by the doctrine of Evolu- 

7. Compare the treatment of the Joint Method of 

Agreement and Difference by Mill and Venn 

8. Describe the degree and kind of knowledge at which 

Induction may legitimately aim. 

,y Google 


MENTAL PHIL0S0PHY.--(2hd Ybix.) 

The Board of Examiners, 

Paper No. 2. 

1. Show the importance of self-consciousness in the 

philosophy of Descartes. Compare his position 
nere with that of previous thinkers, 

2. Examine critically the value attributed by Descartes 

to clear and distinct conception. 

8. "The great difficulty/* it has been said, '* which 
lay before Descartes, was to pass from an idea to 
a reality beyond." Illustrate this in connexion 
with his ti'ansition to material reality. 

4. To what extent was Spinoza indebted to Descartes 
in his doctrine of Substance ? 

b, Pistinguish elements in the philosophy of Locke 
which told for and against Empiricism. 

6. What, according to Berkeley, is meant by the 

term exists when applied to sensible things? 

7. Explain, and discuss, Hume's statement that all 

our knowledge is derived from '^ impressions," 

8. Compare the treatment of Causation by Hume, 

Reid, and Kant. 

,y Google 



Second Paper. 

I'he Board of Examvners. 

1. Hatter may be defined by either of the following, 

as: — 

(a) That which possesses inertia. 

(/3) Whatever in virtue of its motion possesses 

(y) Anything that occupies space. 

Discuss these definitions, explaining clearly 
what properties of matter are involved in each. 

2. Show that a body moving uniformly in a circle is 

acted on by a constant force directed towards 

the centre equal in amount to ^ — where m is 


the mass of the body, v its velocity, and r the 

radius of the circle. 

If the radius of the earth is 638 x 10* centi- 
metres, find the effect of centrifugal force on the 
value of J at the equator. 

Find the rate the earth would require to rotate 
on its axis so that bodies at the equator should 
have no weight. 

3. Distinguish between real and apparent expansion, 

and show how they are connected. 

Describe the weight thermometer and the 
method of using it to determine the coefficient 
of expansion of a liquid. 

Obtain a formula connecting the coefficient of 
expansion of the glass envelope with the absolute 
expansion of the liquid used. 

,y Google 


4. A leaden bullet, moving^ with a velocity of 30,000 

centimetres per second, strikes against a target. 
Assuming that all its energy of motion is con- 
verted into heat which is shared equally by the 
target and the bullet, find how many degrees the 
temperature of the bullet will be raised, having 
given that the specific heat of lead =: * 0814, and 
that J the mechanical equivalent of heat in the 
C,Q,8. system = 42,000,000. 

5. Describe fully how to produce a pure spectrum on 

a screen. 

6. Describe Thomson's Replenisher. 

7. Describe and give the theory of the tangent gal- 


A particular form of tangent galvancmieter 
can be used to compare electromotive forces. 

3. State the laws of electrolysis, and describe ftdly 
experiments to prove them. 


Second Paper. 

The Board of EocaminerB* 

1. I)escribe Forbes' method of determining tii^ ther- 
mal conductivity of iron. 

,y Google 

HO17O0R EXAIflNATIONy OCT.^ 1891. 211 

2. Describe Caraot's reversible engine, and give a 

graphical representation of the work done by it 
in a complete cycle. 

3. Explain what Is meant by the aberration of a 

spherical mirror. 

What is the least circle of aberration ? 

Determine the radius of the least circle of 
aberration corresponding to a point on the axis 
of the mirror. 

4. Deeeribe Helmholtz's them*y of the formation of 

Towel sounds. 

5. A beam of soft iron runs directly across the deck 

of a vessel between the compass and the bows. 
Discuss how its presence will affect the indica- 
tions of the compass whmi the ship lies'«- 

(1) Magnetic N. and 8. 

(2) Magnetic B. and W. 

(3) Magnetic N.E. and S.W. 

6. Describe, and give the theory of, the quadrant 


7. Prove Earchhoffs laws of branched circuits, and 

apply them to determine the current through the 
galvanometer in Wheatstone's bridge when the 
balance is not perfect. 

8. Describe the duplex system of telegraphy. 

P 2 

,y Google 



Practical Examination. 

The Board of Examiners. 

Candidates may be set any three of the following 

1. Determine by Foucault's method the radius of 

curvature of a reflecting surface. 

2. Obtain a relation between the angle of torsion of a 

metallic wire and the twisting couple applied to 
it, and determine the rigidity of its material. 

3. Compare the illuminating powers of the two given 


4. Calibrate the pyrometer and determine the coefficient 

of linear expansion of a metallic rod. 

5. Determine the water-equivalent of a calorimeter. 

6. Determine by the method of oscillations the magnetic 

moment of the given bar-magnet. 

7. Determine with all necessary precautions the resist- 

ance of the shunt coils of the given dynamo. 

8. Find the electro-chemical equivalent of copper. 

9. Compare the e. m. fh of the cells of the given 

Leclanch6 battery. 

,y Google 


Second Paper. 

The Board of Examiners, 

Hot more iluui VIVE of tlie following questtons are to 
be attempted. 

1. Disciiss Dr. Mommsen's remark, that '^this greatest 

of political transgressors (G. Gracchus) was the 
regenerator of his country." — History^ iii., p. 

2. Trace the steps by which the overthrow of the 

Sullan constitution was accomplished. 

3. Describe generally the measures undertaken by 

Caesar for the regeneration of Italy. 

4. Explain the constitutional changes whereby, under 

the Republic, the comitia tributa practically 
acquirea complete legislative power. 

5. Describe the conduct of the prsetorians under 

Nenra, and its results. 

6. What significance do you attach to the battle of 

Beneventum ? 

7. "The empire was now (a.d. 800) divided in ouite 

another way from that in which it had oeen 
divided between the sons of Theodosius." — 
Freeman, Chief Periods^ p. 109. Explain fully. 

,y Google 


8. "Italy, which bore sway over three continents, 

was still by no means absolutely master in her 
own house/' b.o. 31. — Mommseiis Provinces, 

(a) Explain this statement. 

(V) Under what circumstances did she become 
master ? 

9. Explain the principle of Roman administration (a) 

in Greece generally, and {h) in the Grecian cities 
in particular. 

10. Write a careful note upon the political constitution 

of Sparta. 

11. Specify the constitutional changes attributed to 

Ephialtes and Perikles. 

12. Consider autonomy from the point of view of a 

Grecian political ideal. 


TTis Board of Examiners, 

Vot ]iior# than VXVS' questioas ave W be atteaipted. 

1. What do you conceive to be the great problem of 

Anglo-Saxon constitutional history ? 

2. State and explain the eodiesiastical policy of 

William the Gonquevor. 

,y Google 


3. Trace the history of the Danegeld. What was 

Carucage ? 

4. ^'It is prohable that to this crusade (1190) we 

owe the germ of a permanent navy." — (Stuhbs i., 
p. 598). 

Explain this citation, and discuss briefly the 
rise of the naval force. 

6. What comparison may be instituted between the 
legislation of Edward the First and that of his 
great-grandfather ? 

6. Shew how there came to be two Houses of 

Parliament, and only two. 

7. Write a careful note on the history of villeinage. 

8. In what respects may the reign of Richard the 

Second be regarded as a period of constitutional 
development ? 

9. Discuss the view that the government of the 

House of Lancaster realised the spirit of the 
medieval English constitution. 

10. Trace the steps by which the severance of the 

Church of England from the See of Rome was 

11. Consider the question of Charles the First's sin- 

cerity in assenting to the Petition of Right. 

12. During what period, if at all, and for what 

reasons, would you regard Cromwell as King of 
England ? 

,y Google 



Professor Marshall-Hall, 


1. Comment on the vulgar notion of *^ time in music." 

2. What striking difference is there hetween an Allegro 

by Mozart and one by Beethoven ? How does 
this difference affect the interpretation of the two 

3. Transcribe the melody of bars 40-48 and 131-143 

of the first allegro of Beethoven's Op. 13. Add 
expression and phrasing marks. Give reasons 
for such, commenting on the way in which the 
derivation of bars 131-143 affects their interpre- 
tation. Discuss the J^ of bar 133 and the jp of 
bar 134. 

4. Write a short essay on the main principles which 

underlie the grand style in singing and playing 
on an instrument. 

Professor Marshall- Hall. 


Write a short essay touching on the following points : — 

(1) The difference in spirit between Mozart's and 
Beethoven's sonatas. 

,y Google 


(2) The manner in which Beethoven's individaality 
affected the character of his sonata suhjects, 
episodes, and their development. 

(8) The emotional cause of the peculiar unity 
pervading the subjects and movements of a 

(4) The similarity in spirit between Beethoven and 


(5) The tendency towards Binary form in all 

Beethoven's sonata-forms. 

(6) The reason why some of Beethoven's Scherzi 

are cast in binary, and others in Primary 

The student is especially invited to make any remarks 
ietdhemng original observation or thought in any 

Professor Marshall-Hall. 


1. Distinguish between the Sublime and the Beautiiul. 

2. Explain the following quotations : — * ' Whoever gives 

himself up entirely to the impression of a sym- 
phony seems to see all the possible events of life 
and the world take place in himself; yet if he 
reflects he can find no likeness between the music 
and the things that passed before his mind. For 

,y Google 


music is distinguished from all the other arts by 
the faot that it is sot a copy of the phenomenon, 
but a direct copy of the will itself^ and therefore 
exhibits itself as the thing-in-itself to every 
phenomenon " • . . " 'flie composer reveals 
the inner nature of the world^ and expresses the 
deepest wisdom in a lan^agpe which his reason 
does not understand." 

The Board of Examiners. 

Vot more than EZOKT of these questloiiji are to b« 

1. Can any community, other than a State^ enact 

true laws ? 

2. Consider the ori^n of the rule of primogeniture 

in succession to interests in land. 

8. What is the true nature of the distinction between 
'* Corporeal " and " Incorporeal " hereditaments ? 

4. In your opinion, does the sphere of contract tend 
to widen in modem communities ? 

6. Xt living at Melbourne, writes to Aj living at 
Oeelong, and offers to sell a certain piece of land 
for £500. A posts a letter accepting ihe < " 
which letter is lost in the post. After a 

,y Google 


days^ A, believing that his letter has reached Xy 
wires to recall it. J[, thus learning for the first 
time of A'8 acceptance, claima that there is a 
binding contract, which cannot be altered with- 
out his (JL's) consent. Looking at the matter 
from a juristic standpoint, uninfluenced by pre- 
cedent, do you consider that this contention is 
sound ? 

6. Define "Statute Law," and point out how the 

rules for its interpretation differ from those for 
the interpretation of other kinds of law. 

7. How far is the existence of intention necessary to 

modem theories of criminal liability? 

8. Is it possible to draw a satisfactory distinction 

between Substantive (or Primary) and Sanction- 
ing (or Secondary) Rights ? 

9. Distinguish between the legal characteristics of 

tort and contract^ considered in respect of— 
(a) The manner in which they come into existence. 
(J) The rights to which they give rise. 

10. What meaning, if any, would you attribute to 

the expression Natural Bights? Justify your 

11. Consider some of the advantages which arise from 

a classification of rights according to the titles 
by which they are acquired and lost. 

,y Google 


The Board of Exwminers. 

1. Explain the circumstances which led to the evolu- 

tion of the Comitia Tributa. 

2. What was the Jus Latii f How came it to lose 

ail local significance ? 

3. Sketch the history of the legal position of Roman 


4. What were the alterations made by the Lex 

PoetUia Papiria in the law of nexum ? 

5. Explain the action . of the prsetor in connection 

with the subject of bonorum possessto, 

6. What was the interdict Unde vi? How were 

proceedings upon it conducted ? 

7. Explain and discuss the origin of noxoB deditio. 

8. Indicate the nature and the effect of the actio 


9. State the leading features of the arrangement 

known as emphyteusis, 

10. Write a short note upon the interdictum Sal- 


11. Explain shortly two of the secondary or derivatiye 

uses of the conveyance per ces et tibram.. 

,y Google 


12. Distingiiish between — 
(a) A fonnula in jus 1 
(li) A fonnula injuctum J ^ ' 

and between — 

(a) An action strictijv/ris, and 

(b) An action bonce Jidei. 


(special honour examination.) 

The Board of Examiners. 

Vot more thftn. EZOKT questlonB are to be attempted; 
and not more tlian FOUB are to be . selected from 
eitlier part. 

Pabt I. 

1. At what date would you olace the establishment of 

the Anpflo-Norman juaicial system as a distinct 
part of the Constitution ? Give your reasons. 

2. Shew how the medisBval church influenced the 

formation of the English Parliament. 

3. Write a short essay on town-government in Eng- 

land before the close of the 13th century^ alluding 
to any examples with which you may be specially 

,y Google 


4. *' The Queen; and she alone, is the depositoiy of 

the national power." Comment iq)on this state- 

5. Describe the legal position of the Federal Council 

of Australasia. 

6. Discuss the constitutional position of the Legis- 

lative Council of Victoria. 

7. Consider the probable influence of the Public Service 

Act on the constitutional future of Victoria. 

Part II. 

1. Indicate the nature and importance of the Com- 

mune in the Swiss scheme of government. 

2. Draw a rough sketch of the division of die powers 

of government between the Federal and Can- 
tonal authorities io Switzerland. 

3. Describe the nature and special objects of th6 

Conveyance by Lease and Belease under the 
Statute of Uses. 

4. Give some account of the Grand AAsiee (Magna 

Assim) of the 13th century. Do you attribute 
to it any constitutional influence ? 

5. Describe briefly the natinve and hifltoiy dmiitsxj 

tenures in England. 

,y Google 



The Board of Examiners. 

In consideration of an intended marriage between 
Af the intended husband, and B. the intended 
wife^ a settlement was executed in the following 
terms: — '^This indenture^ made the second day 
of January, 1880, between Aj of the first part, 
Cj of the second part, and D and E, of the third 
part: Witnesseth that in consideration of a 
marriage intended to be solemnized between the 
said A and B^ the said A doth hereby grant unto 
the said C and D and their heirs, all that, £c. 
(describing certain lands of which A wtis seized 
in fee simple), to have and to hold all the said 
premises unto the said C and D and their heirs, 
to the use of the said A until the solemnization 
of the said intended marriage, and from and after 
the solemnization thereof to the use of the said 
C and D and their heirs during the life of B 
upon trust for B during her life, for her separate 
use, {»royided that she shall have no power to 
alienate or diange the said lands or to anticipate 
the rents and profits thereof; and after the death 
of jB, to the use oi A during bis life; and after 
the death of A, to the use of all the ofaiklren of 
the said intended marriage who shi^l attain the 
age of 21 years, in equal shares as tenants in 
common, aind in default of such issue, to the use 
of the said C and D and Xlmx heirs, upon trust 
for the right heirs of ui." 

The marriage is duly solemnized, but at the 
time B is indebted, and her estate is afterwards 
sequestrated for the benefit tK her creditors. 

,y Google 


Afterwards A!% estate is sequestrated for the 
benefit of his creditors. Afterwards A dies, and 
then B dies. There are issue of the marriage, 
three sons, and no other children, who are all 
alive and under the age of 21 years at the death 
of JB. 

(a) Describe the different estates, legal and equit- 
able, conferred by the settlement at the time of 
its execution. 

(&) What interest (if any) in the lands comprised 
in the settlement is taken by the trustee in in- 
solvency oi B? 

(c) In whom do the lands comprised in the settle- 
ment vest upon the death of B, and for what 
estate or interest, legal or equitable ? 

Give in each case the reasons for your answer. 

2. By a settlement executed upon the marriage of A, 
£10,000 is vested in trustees upon trust to invest 
and pay the income to A during her life, and 
after her death to stand possessed of the corpus 
upon trust for all or such one or more exclusively 
of the other or others of the issue (whether 
children or more remote) of the said intended 
marriage, as the said A shall by any writing or 
writings appoint, and in de&ult of such appoint- 
ment, and so far as no such appointment shall 
extend upon trust for all the chudren of the said 
intended marriage equally. The settlement con- 
tains no hotchpot clause. Upon the marriage of 
B one of the children of the marriage, A by 
deed directs that, upon her, A*s death, £4,000, 
part of the sum of £10,000 be paid to trustees 
upon trust to invest and pay the income to B 
during her life, and after the aeath of B^ to stand 
possessed of the corpus upon the like trusts, 

,y Google 


mutatis mutandis^ J? being put in the place of ^, as 
are declared in the original settlement concerning 
the said snm of £10,000. Afterwards A makes 
her will, and thereby directs the trustees of her 
marriage settlement to pay a sum of £8,000 to 
C, another child of her said marriage, and three 
sums of £1,000 each to ^, Y, and Z, the children 
of Z>, a deceased child of the said marriage of A. 
There are in all four children of the said marriage 
of A, that is to say, B, C, Z>, and S, of whom 
B and D die in the lifetime of ^, and the rest 
survive her. B leaves her surviving one child 
of her said marriage. How ought the £10,000 
to be applied after the death of A? Give the 
reasons for your answer. 

Af by deed, devises land, on which is erected a 
shop, to By for fourteen years, reserving a rent 
and containing a covenant on the part of B and 
his assigns to pay the rent and to keep the 
premises in repair, and a condition of re-entry 
upon non-payment of the rent within fourteen 
days after any day on which rent is payable, but 
not on breach of the other covenants. B devises 
the land by way of mortgage to C for the residue 
of the term, less one day, and A grants the 
reversion to Z>. What remedies has J) to enforce 
payment of the rent and performance of the 
covenant? Give the reasons for your answer. 

In the year 1840, A, without any title, entered 
into possession of a piece of Crown land in Victoria, 
and continued in undisturbed possession until the 
year 1861, when he died, having previously by 
his will devised the land to his son B, who has 
ever since remained in possession of the land. 


,y Google 


No Crown grant of the land ever having been 
made, can an action or other proceeding be main- 
tained on behalf of Her Majesty to recover 
possession ? Give the reasons for your answer. 

5. By the will of a deceased person, lands were 

devised to A for life, and after his death to B, 
A enters into possession of the lands, and by 
deed demises them to C for the term of 21 years, 
reserving a rent of £120 per annum, which 
amounts to a rack rent, payable by equal half- 
yearly payments on the 1st of January and the 
1st of July in each year. The lease contains a 
covenant to pay the rent, and a condition of 
re-entry on non-payment of the rent for 30 days 
after it became due. The lease also contains 
power to the tenant to dig clay for brickmaking. 
The tenant for life dies on the 1st of June next 
after the first payment of rent fell due. 

(a) What are the rights of B with respect to the 
possession of the lands ? 

(b) What are the rights of A*s executors with 
respect to the last half year's rent ? 

Give the reasons for your answers. 

6. A9 the registered proprietor of land under the Trans- 

fer of Land Act 1890, executes an absolute transfer 
of the land to J5, which is intended to operate 
by way of mortgage to secure a sum of money 
lent by 2? to J. and interest, and £ executes a deed 
of defeasance, and by registering his transfer be- 
comes registered proprietor. C, another creditor 
of A, having recovered judgment against him, 
and being desirous to obtain satisfaction of his 
debt by the sale of A^s equity of redemption, 

,y Google 


what steps ought he to take to avoid the risk of 
being- defeated by a sale of the equity of redemp- 
tion by J- to a purchaser for value ? Give the 
reasons for your answer. 

7. A testator, who was at the time of his death 

carrying on business, by his last will devised and 
bequeathed all his property, real and personal, to 
his executors upon trust for sale, and empowered 
them to continue carrying on his business for 
such time as they might in their discretion think 
fit, and directed them to pay out of the proceeds 
of the sale to his son Ay who was 13 years old at 
the testator's death, a legacy of £2,000, and to his, 
the testator's, brother^ a legacy of £1,000, and 
the residue to his, the testator's, wife I) and his 
sister JEJ in equal shares. The executors, in the 
exercise of their discretion, carried on the testator's 
business for a period of three years from his death, 
when they sold the same, and then, for the first 
time, had ^nds in their hands available for pay- 
ment of the legacies left by the will. The net 
proceeds, after payment of ftmeral and testamen- 
tary expenses and debts, amounted to £4,000. 
The testator left him surviving his son A, his 
brother B, and his wife D, but his sister E died 
in his lifetime, and he never had any other 
children, or brothers, or sisters, except those 
named in his will. How is the ftmd distribut- 
able ? Give the reasons for your answer. 

8. A and B are trustees of a settlement of lands, in 

which the power of appointing new trustees is 
vested in the person for the time being entitled 
under the trusts to receive the rents and profits. 
A dies, having duly made his will, probate 
whereof is granted to C the executor named 


,y Google 


therein. Afterwards B*s estate is sequestrated 
for the benefit of his creditors^ and shortly after- 
wards B dies without having obtained his certifi- 
cate, but beinf2f entitled to a policy of assurance 
on his own life, administration to his estate is 
taken out by D. The person entitled under the 
trusts of the settlement to the receipt of the rents 
and profits is an infant. In whom is the legal 
estate in the settled lands^ and the power of 
appointing new trustees of the settlement vested? 
Give the reasons for your answer. 

9. Describe the wife's right to dower as existing in 
Victoria at the time of the separation from New 
South Wales, and explain how it has been affected 
by subsequent legislation. 

10. A by bill of sale, under seal, duly registered, 
assigns to J9 by way of mortgage, to secure a 
sum of money advanced and interest, all the 
stock-in-trade then upon or which may after- 
wards be brought upon the premises upon which 
he is cariyinff on business. A continues in 
possession, and to carry on his business and sells 

Eart of the stock-in-trade and purchases and 
rings on to the premises other stock-in-trade, 
and six months afterwards A sells the whole 
of the stock-in-trade then upon the same pre- 
mises to C, and delivers possession. The stock 
so sold to C comprises part of that which was 
on the premises at the date of B^s bill of sale 
and part that was purchased and brought on 
afterwards. Supposing C to be a bona fide pur- 
chaser for value without notice oi'B*s bill of 
sale, what are the rights of B and ^ to the pro- 
perty delivered to C? Give the reasons for 
your answer. 

,y Google 


11. (a) What is the effect of a liquidation by arrange- 

ment of the affairs of an insolvent debtor under 
the provisions of the Insolvency Statute 1890? 

(b) What is the effect of a discharge granted 
to a debtor on a liquidation by arrangement? 

12. A, the registered proprietor of land under the 

Transfer of Land Act 1890, sells and transfers it 
to B, who becomes registered proprietor, but has 
not paid the purchase money. Afterwards B 
sells part of the land to C. Before the purchase 
is com{)leted A ffives C notice that his purchase 
money is unpaid, but C notwithstanding com- 
pletes the purchase, and becomes registered pro- 
prietor of the portion purchased by him. Has 
A any remedy for his unpaid purchase money 

. (a) Against the portion of the land remaining 
in the hands of B f 

(b) Against the portion transferred to C? 

Give the reasons for your answers. 


The Board of' Bxaminers* 

Wherever poMlble, give the reasons for your answer. 

1. Af verbally, makes an offer to i? to buy B^s horse 
for £6, and says that he will leave his offer open 
for a week. Three days afterwards, B, not 
having heard from A in the meanwhile^ comes to 

,y Google 


A and says he accepts the offer, but A refuses to 
be bound by. his offer; B sues A for breach of 
contract. State your opinion^ citing authorities 
to support it, of the probable result of the action. 

2. What were the facts, the decision, and the effects 
of the decision, in the case of Debenham v, 
Mellon, 6 Ap. Ca. 24 ? 

8. What were the facts^ the decision, and the effects 
of the decision, in the case of Meid v. Anderson, 
18Q.B.D. 779? 

4. State the principal ways in which the provisions of 
the Married Women's Property Acts have affected 
the contractual capacity and liability of married 

6. S agreed in writing to supply TFwith straw, to 
be delivered at Ws premises at the rate of three 
loads a fortnight during six months, and W 
agreed by the same document to pay H £1 per 
load for each load of straw so delivered on nis 
premises during the same period. After the straw 
nad been supplied for some time TF refused to pay 
for the last load delivered, and insisted on always 
keeping the payment to the amount for one load 
in arrear. M sends no more, but at once brings 
an action for breach of contract. Will he be 
successful ? 

6. When an agent effects a purchase of goods and 
the seller wishes to have recourse to the principal 
for the price, state the distinction as to set-off 
between the case where the agent does not dis- 
close the existence of his principal and a case 
where he discloses that he has a principal, but 
does not give his name. 

,y Google 


7. State fully the rights of a surety after he has paid 

the debt of his principal. 

8. In what circumstance will the alteration of a written 

instrument operate at common law as a discharge 
of the contract expressed therein ? What are 
the statutory provisions with reference to altera- 
tions in Bills of Exchange ? 

9. In an action on a guarantee^ the defendant 

pleaded that after it was given to the plaintiff it 
was altered in a material particular by some 
person, to the defendant unknown, without his 
consent, by affixing a seal, so as to make it 
appear to be the deed of the defendant. Is this 
plea, if proved, a defence to the action ? 

10. A was the holder and B the acceptor of a Bill 

of Exchange for £100. The bill was dis- 
honoured on presentment for payment at 
maturity. A week afterwards A wrote to jB, 
" owing to the losses you have sustained lately, 
I will release you from any claim on your bill 
for £100, and hereby renounce any rights I may 
have against you on the bill." Some months 
afterwards A transferred the bill for value to C. 
C sues B on the bill. Will he be successful ? 

11. A clause in partnership articles entered into 

between A and B for a fixed term, provided that 
" in case either of the said partners shall depart 
this life during the said partnership term,'* the 
surviving partner shall purchase his share at a 
fixed value. A and B continue their business 
in partnership after the expiration of the term, 
and while so continuing A dies. Is the above 
clause still applicable? 

,y Google 


12. In what circumstances is it provided by the Com- 
panies Act 1890, Part I., that directors of a 
company shall be personally liable on contracts 
which they have purported to enter into on behalf 
of the company. 

Ths Board of Examiners. 

1. A beam 80 feet long is supported at each end and 

at a point 10 feet from one end, and loaded with 
a uniform load of 1 ton per foot in length. 
Draw to a suitable scale the diagram of benmng 
moments and shearing forces. 

2. A cast-iron beam has the following cross-section — 

total depth, 10 inches ; top flange, 3 inches wide, 
1 inch thick; bottom flange, 8 inches wide, l| 
inches thick; web, 1 inch thick at top, \\ at 
bottom. Determine its central breaking load on 
a span of 6 feet, the tenacity of the material being 
17,000 lbs. per square inch, and describe the 
mode of fracture. 

3. Assuming the above beam to be inverted, what 

will be its strength. 

4. The shore girders of the new Cremorne bridge have 

a double triangulation of six panels at an angle 
of 46*^. Assuming the dead load to be 4 tons 

,y Google 


and the live load 7 tons on each panel pointy 
determine the stresses during the passage of the 
train and suggest suitable sectional areas for 
mild steel of 28 tons tenacity. 

5. A suspension bridge consists of a flexible chain 

connected by numerous vertical rods to a hori- 
zontal girder hinged at the centre. Investigate 
the stresses when the live load extends half-way 
across the bridge. 

6. Discuss the stresses under varying temperature and 

distribution of load, of an iron arch (a) with^ and 
{b) without^ hinges at the centre and ends. 

7. Give a full account of Pairbairn's experiments 

on the resistance of tubes to collapsing under 
external pressure, including the formulse deduced 
by Fairbairn himself and those adopted by the 
Board of Trade for marine boilers. 

The Board of Examiriers. 

1. Give the weight of one cubic inch of the following 

materials: — Fresh water, salt water, red-ffum 
timber, stringy-bark timber, Oregon, cast-iron, 
mild steel, wrought-iron^ and lead. 

2. A wrought-iron girder is 45 feet long, 4 feet deep, 

has web of \ inch for 20 feet, and of § inch for 
25 feet, top and bottom angle irons 4 inches by 
4 inches by \ inch, stififeners at ends, of angle 

,y Google 


iron, 4 inches by 4 inches by ^ inch ; T iron 
stiffeners, 4 on each side, of 5 inches by 5 inches 
by I inch, and 4 of 5 inches by 5 inches by | inch; 
top plates and bottom plates, whole length, of 
13 inches by ^ inch ; plates for 12 feet top and 
bottom, at centre of girder, of 12 inches by 
i inch ; end plates of 12 inches by J inch, rivetted 
thronghont with |-inch riyets, 2-inch piteh with 
semicircular heads. Make a sketeh of this and 
take out quantities ? 

3. The portion of a certain body, immersed in water, 

may be taken as half of a prolate spheroid 100 
feet long by 15 feet wide. Calculate the weight 
of the body. Supposing an iron keel 100 feet 
by 1 foot by 6 inches be attached to the body, 
how much deeper will it sink ? 

4. A railway cutting is taken through the sideling of 

a bill, the hill having a fell of 1 in 5; at 1*27 
chains the centre of the cutting enters the hill, 
at 2 chains it is 5*06 feet deep at the centre, at 
3 chains 17*35, at 4 chains 29*63 feet, at 5 chains 
41-37 feet, at 6 chams 31 32 feet, at 7 chains 
42-75 feet, at 8 chains 31*05 feet, at 9 chains 
1801 feet, at 10 chains 6-33 feet, and at 10-35 
it runs out. The bottom of the cutting is 15*60 
feet wide, and the slopes are 1 to 1. How many 
yards of material are there in this? What 
would be the effect if the centre of the line were 
on a sharp curve ? 

,y Google 



The Board qf JExaminers. 

1. Make workings drawings of a plummer-block to 

carry a shaft 6 inches in diameter, showing 

2. Make a perspective drawing of a church 40 feet 

long, 20 feet wide, 15 feet to eaves, angle of 
roof with horizontal 60°, tower 30 feet high, 
steeple 20 feet, picture plane being in contact 
with one corner of main building, and inclined 
80° to one side. 

3. Make a drawing of spur wheel and pinion, 8 feet 

and I foot in diameter respectively, 2-inch.pitch, 
showing at least 6 teeth of each in detail where 
they are in gear, and explain iully the theory of 
the action of the teeth of such wheels. 

4. Make an isometrical drawing of the church men- 

tioned in question 2. 


The Board qf Examiners. 

1. Make a drawing of a timber jetty of 20 bays of 10 
feet each, giving a diagram of the whole and a 
detailed drawing of one bav, surface falling from 
level of decking at one end to 20 feet deep at far 
end, piles to go 15 feet into ground^ those up to 

,y Google 


20 feet long to be 14 inches at head and 12 inches 
at toe, from 20 to 30 feet long to be 16 inches at 
head and 12 inches at toe/ above 30 feet long: to 
be 18 inches at head and 12 inches at toe. The 
jetty to be 20 feet wide, three rows of piles, 
walings 12 inches by 6 inches, braced longi- 
tudinally as well as transversely; up to 6 feet deep 
no braces required, last three bays to be double 
braced, others singly braced, decking to be longi- 
tudinal, resting on walings and covering at least 
two bays ; breaking joint to be of 12 inches by 
6 inches hardwood spiked down with 9-inch 
spikes, kerbing of 12 inches by 6 inches to be 
bolted down; 1 inch diameter bolts to be put in 
wherever required; handrail along one side and 
at end of 4 feet 6 inches high, uprights 5 inches 
by 4 inches, top rail 5 inches by 4 inches 
rounded on top, inter rails 3 inches by 3 inches. 

2. Take out quantities of above jetty; piles, beams, 
walings, Graces and decking to be tarred; hand- 
rail to be painted. 

The Board of Examiners, 

1. Write an essay on the laying out of towns, 

illustrating it by reference to the principal 
Australaisian capitals. 

2. It is required to lay out and construct a railway 

tunnel on a curve of 20 chains radius, and a 
grade of 1 in 100. The tunnel is 40 chains 
long, and is driven from the ends, and a central 

,y Google 


shaft 100 feet deep. Describe fiilly all the sur- 
yeying and levelling oper^ions needed both 
above and below ground; point out probable 
sources of error and difficulty, and indicate 
the precautions you would employ to ensure 

3. Discuss fully the grading of a railway, the route of 

which has been fixed, illustrating your remarks 
by an imaginary example. 

4. Describe fiilly the modifications that have taken 

place in the mode of computing the discharge of 
water channels, in consequence of Ganguillet and 
Kutters' researches. 

6. The bywash of a reservoir consists of a channel 120 
feet wide, with flat bottom and vertical sides, 
falling at the rate of 1 in 30. The entrance is 
well formed, and the surface rough masonrv. 
Compute the discharge when the level of still 
water in the reservoir is 4 feet above the level of 
the sill of the bywash, and draw the curve of the 
water surface. C may be taken as 90. 

6. It is required to determine, with the utmost accuracy, 

the true meridian and the latitude of the station. 
Explain fiilly how you would accomplish this, 
noting all necessary instrumental adjustments 
and corrections. 

7. Write a short essay on the computations connected 

with a national trigonometrical survey. 

,y Google 



Ttie Board of Exainitvers. 

1. Write an essay on Limits of Error in Chainage. 

2. Give the adjustments of the Theodolite and Level^ 

and shew clearly the effects of residual errors on 
your work. 

3. (a) Give all the information you can as to survey 

work under thie Transfer of Land Statute. 

or (b) Descrihe fiiHy how you would proceed in 
carrying out a Preliminary Survey for the pur- 
poses of a Town Water Supply. 

or (c) Describe fully how you would proceed in order 
to obtain the levels of a township for the purpose 
of preparing a Scheme of Drainage. 

Note. — One division only of question 3 is to be 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Write an essay on Air Compressing and Bock 

Drilling Machinery. 

2. Design a road bridge in colonial hardwood of the 

following dimensions: — Span 50 feet, width 16 
feet, height of deck above flood level, 10 feet. 
Abutments may be assumed masonry. 

,y Google 


3. Supply diagrammatic sketches of, and briefly define 

toe functions of the lathe, planing machine, 
shaping machine, drilling machine, and slotting 

4. Describe fully the mode of constructing concrete 

arches to carry railway traffic, supplying a detailed 
drawing of the centering, and indicating mode of 
testing the cement, sand, and stone, and providing 
against the expansion of large masses oi concrete. 

6. Design a brick arched bridge, 30 feet span, 20 feet 
wide; height of road from foundation 22 feet. 
Foundation is rock. 

The Board of Examinsrs. 

1. Explain the diflference of function of meduUated 

and non-meduUated nerve fibres. What is their 
central origin, so far as motor power is con- 
cerned ? Give particular instances. 

2. Explain the behaviour of a frog from which the 

cerebral hemispheres have alone been removed. 

8^ Describe accurately the central and peripheral con- 
nexions of the auditorv nerve. 

,y Google 


4. How can that fundamental error, yiz., that when 
the heart contracts its apex is drawn up, be dis- 
proTed both by theoretical reasoning and by 
experiments, or observations of all animals, in- 
cluding mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibia, and 


The Board of Examiners. 
Part L 

1. How wonld jon demonstrate the chemical compo- 

sition of milk ? 

2. Where is glucose found? What are the most 

convenient tests for its detection, and for its 
quantitive estimation ? How does it differ from 
cane sugar ? 

3. Detail the experiments you made to demonstrate 

the composition of oils and fats. 

Part II. 

1. Detail the microscopic examination of blood, and 

the effects of the reagents used for the demonstra- 
tion of the corpuscles and of the crystals. 

2. Describe the structure and connections of the 

ciliary muscle. 

3. Make a drawing of a vertical section of the retina 

of a mammal. 

,y Google 



The Board of Examiners. 

1. Describe the bony walls of the pasal fosses. 

3. Describe the flexor tendons of the fingers and 
thumb (excluding the short flexors) nom the 
wrist to their insertions, with their fibrous and 
synovial sheaths. 

3. Describe the external (or extrinsic) ligaments of 

the knee. 

4. Describe the structures entering into the sacro-iliac 


5. Describe the origins, insertions, relations, and 

functions of the following muscles : — Complexus, 
teres major, quadratus lumborum, obturator ex- 
temus, tensor palati, extensor brevis digitorum. 


The Boa/rd of Bxaimners. 

1. Describe the crura cerebri. 

S. Describe the origin, course, relations, branches, and 
communications of the auriculotemporal nerve. 


,y Google 


3. Describe the origin, course, relations, branches, and 

anastomoses of the superior intercostal artery. 

4. Describe the deep palmar arch, with its relations^ 

branches, and communications. 

5. Describe the me^ibranous part of the male urethra, 

and its relations. 

6. Describe the origin, course, and relations of the 

popliteal vein, and name the branches which it 

7. Describe the origin, course, relations, branches, and 

communications of the obturator nerve. 

8. Describe the functions of the muscles of the larynx 

in a healthy person. 

0. Describe the ossification of the temporal bone. 

The Board of Examiners, 

1. Describe the relations of the structures in the wall 

of the cavernous sinus, and of those in the 
sphenoidal fissure. 

2. Describe the pelvic fascia, and discuss its surgical 


,y Google 


3. Describe the mastoid cells, and discuss their 

surgical anatomy. 

4. Describe iiilly a dissection of the index finger. 

5. Describe the left pneumogastric nerve in the chesty 

and the brancnes which it gives, off in this 

6. Describe the course of the lymphatics of the male 

generative organs. 

7. Describe the steps of the dissection necessary to 

expose the posterior .tibial artery in the middle 
third of the leg. Do not describe any structures 
in detail. 

The Board of Examiners, 

1. Describe the repair of arteries ligatured in con- 


2. Discuss phagocytism. 

3. Discuss the haBmatogenous theory of jaundice. 

4. Describe in detail one method of staining and 

mounting a preparation of tubercular sputum. 

R 2 

Digitized by Google 


5. Describe the macroscopic and microscopic appear- 
ances in — 
(a) Syphilitic gumma. 
(6) Tubular a£noma of the rectum. 
{e) Acute bronchopneumonia. 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. dnchoTUB Rubra Cortex: State — 

{V\ Its officinal preparations, with their doses; 

(2) Its chemical composition; 

(3) The officinal salts of the alkaloids contained in 
it, with their preparations and doses; 

(4) Its chief actions and uses. 

2. Oive the chief botanical characters otAtropa Bellor 

donna^ and describe fully its preparations, doses, 
physiological actions, and uses. 

3. State what you know with regard to the action of 

drugs on the heart and arteries^ and illustrate by 

4. Describe fully the officinal forms of Antimony , with 

preparations and doses. 

5. Describe colour reactions yielded by physostigmne^ 

strychnine, quinine, dtgitaline, creosote, oleum 
morrhucB, carbolic acid, morphine, salicylic acid, 

,y Google 



Paper I. 

The Board of Hvaminers. 

1. Distinguish between the actions of Nitrous oxide, 

Ether^ and Chloroform, when used as anaesthetics 
in reference to — 

(a) The quantity required to produce anaesthesia. 

(b) The time within which anaesthesia is gener- 

ally produced. 

{c) The duration of the anaesthesia. 
{d) The dangers attending their use. 
(e) The causes of these dangers. 

2. Give, with illustrative prescriptions, a full account 

of the uses of opium. 

3. Enumerate the main caustics, and illustrate their 

different actions and uses. 

4. Describe the physiological action of (a) 
Sulph., (b) Cantharidin. 

,y Google 


Paper II. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Contrast mother's milk, condensed milk, and cow's 

milk in the feeding of infants. How can you 
anticipate the risk of firm clotting in the case of 
cow's milk ? 

2. What is the comparative strength of the different 

spirits, wineS; and beers, and what is Anstie's 
safe limit in each instance ? 

3. Construct a dietary for hospital patients. 

4. Discuss the principal sanitary defects to be found in 

ordinary wooden and brick houses. > 

5. State the means to be adopted in order to prevent 

sewer gas from coming into a house, {a) as regards 
main sewers, {h) as regards house drains. 

6. Discuss the question of the filtration of drinking 


BIOLOGY.— Pabt I. 

Second Paper. 

Ths Board of Examiners. 

What do you understand by (1) a segmented 
animal, (2) a radiately symmetrical animal ? 
Give examples of each, and point out the fea- 
tures in their structure which justify the 
application to them of these terms. 

,y Google 


2. What are the Protista ? Give arguments for and 

against regarding Eughna as a plant, 

3. Describe and compare the brain of (1) a shark, 

(2) a frog, (3) a bird. 

4. Give some account of the structure and distribution 

of Peripatus, pointing out especially the struc- 
tures which are of importance as indicating 
affinities to groups of animals other than the 

5. Describe the development of the foetal membranes 

in (1) the fowl, (2) a mammal. 

6. Taking as examples the Yeast plant, Protoeoeeus, 

Amoeba^ and the frog, describe the methods of 
nutrition of typical forms of animals and plants. 

BIOLOGY.— Pabt I. 
Practical Examination. 
The Board of Examiners, 

1. Name, sketch, and describe briefly the specimens 

labelled A and B. 

2. Dissect the pigeon provided so as to shew the 

structure of the digestive system. Sketch the 
dissection, and name the parts shewn on the 

3. Name the specimens labelled C and D. Make 

preparations to shew their structure. Sketchy 
ana briefly describe the preparations. 

,y Google 


F1R8T Paper. 

The Board of Examiners. 

jr.B.— Six questions only mnst bo answered, of whloli f6nr 
mnst be Soologloal and two Botanical. 

1. Describe the sti'ucture and the chief points in the 

development of PolygordiuSy pointings out the 
features which are characteristic of the group 
Chaetopoda, How far in its larval forms does 
Polpgordms shew affinities to the members of 
other groups ? 

2. Describe the development of the body cavity in 

Peripatusy Amphioxtu, Mana, and an Echino- 

3. Describe in detail the anatomy of a Sycon Sponge, 

and give an outline of the classification and cmef 
variations in structure met with amongst the 
Porifera Calearea, 

4. Give a full account of the structure and life-history 

of Distoma hepaticum and point out what affini- 
ties, if any, exist between the groups TurbeUaria, 
Trematoaa, and Cestoda. 

b. What are the characteristic features of the Arach- 
nida? Taking the three following forms — a 
spider, lAmiduSf and Scorpio^ point out why they 
are classified in this group. 

,y Google 


6. Describe the way in which nutritioii is effected in 

Pin/uSf and the structure of the organs concerned. 

7. Give a short account of the Schizophyta, 

8. State what you know of the Myxamycetes and 

discuss their systematic position. 

Second Paper. 

ar.B.— six qnestloiis only ninat be answered, of wUoli 
FOUB mnst be Soologloal and TWO Botanical. 

1. Give some account of the various secretory glan- 

dular structures which are connected with the 
alimentary canal in different forms of invertebrate 

2. Describe the principal variations of structure met 

with in (1) the reproductive organs, (2) the ali* 
mentarv canal, and (3) the nephridia in the 

3. Describe carefully the anatomy of NautilvSf point- 

ing out its relationships to other members of the 
group Cephalopoda. 

4. Describe the anatomy of a typical Mollusc, and 

shew how from this the streptoneurous form has 
been derived. 

,y Google 


5. Describe in detail the struoture of Lueernariay and 

point out its relationships to other forms of 

6. Describe the structure and life-history of Lycopo- 

dtUMiy and give some account of the teterosporous 

7. Why has the old division of the vegetable kingdom 

into Cryptogams and Phanerogams been gene- 
rally abandoned ? What are the ArchegoniatcBj 
and why are they so called ? 

8. Sexual reproduction is effected by the conjugation 

of a male cell with a female cell. Describe the 
various modifications of the male cell in the 
different groups of plants. 


Pbaotical Exauination. — ^FifiST Day. 

The Board of Examiners, 

1. Make preparations of the specimen imbedded in the 

block of paraffin so as to shew its structure as 
completely as possible. 

2. Identify and make preparations to shew the structure 

of the specimen A. 

3. Identify and make preparations to shew the structure 

of the specimen B. 

N.B.-^All dissections and preparations should be 
sketched and briefly described. 

,y Google 


Pbactioal Examinatioit. — Sboond Day. 
The Board of Ikcaminers. 

1 . Dissect the animal labelled A, so as to illustrate its 

stnicture as fol]j as possible, and refer it to its 
proper zoological position. 

2. Make dissections and preparations (without section- 

cutting) so as to shew as far as possible the 
structure of the animals labelled B. 

B. Identify and briefly describe the specimens labelled 
C, D, E. 

N.B. — ^All dissections and preparations should be 
sketched and briefly aescribed. 

CHEMISTEY, Pabt I.— Second Honoues Fapbb. 
The Board of Uxami^^iers. 

1. Explain as iuUy as you can all that is implied in 

the equation 2H8 + 0, = 2Hj|0. 

2. Give an account of hydrofluoric acid and its more 

important derivatives. 

,y Google 


3. How is Nordhausen sulphuric aoid prepared ? Dis- 

cuss its chemical character. 

4. Bow may potassium permanganate be made from 

manganese peroxide ? What are its chief pro- 
perties ? W hat other elements form analogous 
compounds P 

5. Discuss the constitution of acetic acid. 

6. Explain and exemplify the different ways in which 

two salt solutions may act when mixed with one 

CHEMISTEY.— Paet II: Honoubs. 
The Board of Examiners, 

1. Give an account of the element germanium. Show 

how the Periodic Law was strengthened by its 

2. Grive a general account of the so-called rare earths. 

3. Discuss the constitution of hydrocyanic acid and its 

chief derivatives. 

4. Write a paper on '' the causes of isomerism." 

5. Discuss the phenomena of double decomposition in 

the light of recent views as to the nature of s 
salt solution. 

,y Google 



Mr. B. A. Smith, 

1. Having given a scale divided to inches only^ shew 

by a geometrical construction how to make 
another scale divided to eighths of an inch. 

2. Draw a line 8 inches in lengthy parallel to the 

longer side of jour paper, and from each end of 
this line draw another line 6 inches in length at 
right angles to the base line. 

3. Draw the following figures : — 

(a) A circle 4 inches in diameter. 

(b) A square whose diagonal is 4 inches. 

{c) An equilateral triangle, with sides 4 inches 

{d) A circle 1 inch in diameter, surrounded by 
six circles of the same diameter, each of 
which touches the first circle. 

4. Three towns are respectively 25 miles, 19 miles, 

and 17 miles firom each other: plot their posi- 
tions on your paper to a scale of 4 miles to 
1 inch. 

,y Google 



5. Make a neat plan to a scale of 20 feet to 1 inch 
from the following diagram : — 

\ \ 





,y Google 




Professor Tucker avid Mr. Tubbs. 

Translate, with brief marginal notes where you 
think them desirable — 

(a) Ka\ vvv £K€iya fikv davovr aviirraro * 

cycl) dc Koi crii /xeWo/xev QvgcrKtiVf yipoy, 
01 6' 'HjOoicXeiOi TraiScc^ cvg inro Trrepolc 
valuta veooraovQ opviQ &q vijieifiivrj, 
01 S* els eXty^ov 6XKoe aXXodev irirviavy 
i fJLtjrep, ahh^, ttoI Trar^p Aireari yfjc'f 
rl dp^f ir6ff ijiiiy rf vi^ 3' itrfpaXfiivoi 
ir/Tovai rby tikovt ' iyu) ^£ lia(pip(t> 
XSyoiori fivdevovira, OavfiaZutp d* orov 
irvXai rpo^ftwtri, irde dylemjtnv iro^a, 
u£ irpoQ irarpfov Trpotnrecrovfityoi y6w. 
vvv oZv rlv eXTr/y rj iropov autTrjplaQ 
eUvfiapll^eif irpiafiv ; Trpoc ire yap /iXivut, 
<&C ovT€ yalaQ 6pC av €ic{idifi£y Xadp<j^' 
^vXaicac yap iffjt&v Kpelaffoves Kar e^odovs' 
ovT^ kv <j>iXoiinv eXirl^EQ oriarripiac 
ir^ elalv ^fjiiv, 

(J) oroTOTol, ffriva^ov' AwoKelperai 

ffov 6!vdos, TTcJXtc, 6 Atoc eKyovoi, 
fiiXufc 'EXXdc; a rbv evepyirav 
kirojiaXMiQy SXeic fiaviaicriv Avorirac 
Xoptvdivr* dravXoic* 

,y Google 


fiifiaxev kv ^Ifpoitriv & ttoXvotovoc, 

KivTpov ufQ £irc \ufPg, 
NvjcToc Topyibv cicaroyire^aXoic 
o^wv lax^/Liao'i, Avtrtra fiapfuipiinrdg. 
ra'xy rov einrvxfi fitrifiaXsv ^alfiiavy 
raxif 5« ffpoQ irarpot TtKV kKwvevvfrai. 

lit Zev, TO <r6v yivoc Ayovov ahrUca 
Xvatratec dtfiofipwrec &jroiv6SiKoi hUm 
KCLKoic kKTCEraxrovtriv. 

{c) KOTil^v Ik EvpywrSXefioy tov JleKnayaKroc, avrov 
ik &vci//(($v, Kal rovg &XXovc oixeiove Kai rove <j>fXovQ 
fUT avrCaVf t6t£ airofiac iLyaficUvei eig n)v iroKiv 
fura r&v vapttrKtvatrnivwv^ ct r*c &vT0iT0y fiil Iwcr- 
pireiy. kv ^k rp fiovXy Kal Ty kKxXrifflijf. awoXoyfiff' 
6,fuvoc ci»c ovK ijaefiriKtif fl7rci>v ^k ufc ij^lKifrai, 
Xi^BivTwv ^i Kal aXXiity roiovTiay Kal ovSeyog airtt- 
fr6yTog ^la to firj ayatrxitrQat hy T^y kKKXritriaVj 
iLyappridelc airavTiav fiycfiify airroKparwpf wg ol6s re 
&y triofrai H^y nporipay ttjq TroXetoc ^vyafjuyy irp6repov 
fiky TO. fivtrriipia Tdy *Adriyaiiay icara daXarrav 
kyoyTiav ^la Toy voXtfioyy Kara yrjy kirolrivtv 
k^ayayify tovq (rrpaTiwTag fiirai^ac* fiera ^k rovra 
KareXi^aTO trrpaTiay, oirXlrae fiky irtyTaKovlovQ koX 
\CKlovQy linriaQ Ik irevTiiKoyTa Kal EKaToy, vavg 
y licarov. 

(d) KalToi ToaovT^ fiky Ztiy&rEpoy vpo^oala iroXifJLOVf 
Off^ ^aXswdfTepoy ^vXaiaadai to a^avec tov iftayepoVf 
ToaovT^ d* €\Oioyy otr^ iroXefiioig fiky &yOpunroi Kal 
tnriy^oyrai aidig Kal viarol yiyyovraiy oy^k irpodihSvra 
Xafjfidywfftf tovt^ ovre kmrtlfraTO irwrort ohltiQ ovt 
kirlarevffe tov Xoiirov. lya hk el^tJTe oti oh Kaiya Tavra 
oh-oc voiei, aXXa <l>v(r€i vpoh6rng ktrriy, ayafivifffv 

,y Google 


hfidc TO. TOVTtp veirpayfiiva, oZrog yap If &fy)(fjc 
fiiy Tifi^fitvog vTTO Tov Ziifiov Kara rov varipa 
"Ayyiava irpowtriffraTOQ eyivero rijy ^r/fiOKparlav 
fieTatnijirai eig roifg rerpaKOtrlovcy Kal evp^nvev kv 
univoiQ, lirci 5' tqoBeto avrliraXdv ti Ty oKiyapyltf. 
wviorafuvovj irpioTOQ ai fiyefiity rf ^iifif It* iKel- 
rove iyipero' 6idev ^ijirow koI xdOopvoQ eirucaXtlTai. 
[^Koi yap o K6QopvoQ hpficfrrtiv fiev Toig trocrly kfju^- 
ripoiQ ^OKEiy anofiXiirei ^' ot' a/ittlHyripittv']. 

2. Parse Odfiai, ayrififiiyoiy £(nraprai, kvoivriovj avap* 

3. Explain the terms and phrases — 

ol ivifidrai — aTeXeiav e^oeray — ro IlXi/vr^pia— 
K^dopyoc CTTCjcoXcirac — eraiplai — ^lavXog — ravpog 
KyuKraioc — optf^dyevfi^ efiwy TiKvwv — ypa^i) Topa- 

4. State the geographical position of Dirce, Calchedon, 

MaeotiSy Sestos, Methjmna. 

5. Explain the syntax of the words underlined in — 
(a) oy ^e irpodiBoyra Xa/ijSavaiorc^ Toitrtp ovte kavti- 

traro ttwtotc oh^elg ovt kiriarevtre tov Xotirov, 

(J) kyiii It Toy ydg kyiptay r' kg 6p<l>yav 

fio\6yTay Tai3' ctre Ai6g yiy eiirto 
£ir' ^ AfitpiTpviifyog JyiVf 
vfJLyfjtraiy <rT£<lidywfjLa fjL&)(jBwy, 
Si' eiAoyiag deXoi. 

(e) iraiTlp ^i yiy 

Ocyclfv KpaTaiag x^yoc kvyirrei Tah, 


,y Google 


6. Translate the following passage: — 

Of fiey yap KopivBtoi cat HeXowoyyfiauti wpog r^ 
yy yavfJUL\ovyrec p^3twc huavZoyrOj T&y dk 'AOi}- 
vaitav ovBefiia Karihf yavg. airowXevffavmy dc tuv 
*Adiiyaiiay ec Ti)y NavTcucrov ol KopiyduK tvOvs 
Tpardioy Itmitrav vq yucAyr€Cy on irXfuwc rwv evay- 
rimv vavc axXovc ivoiiivayj koI yofuaavreg d(' airro 
ovx ifinratrdai ^i onrep ovS* ol mpoi yixdy' oi te yap 
KopiyBun ffy^aayro Kpartlvy el fiif cat xoXv Upa- 
TOvvTOy Ol T 'Adriyaloi tyofuKoy fiatrdoBaiy ori ov 
xoXv iyuciav. diroirXcvrayrwv Se rwy HeXtnroyyriirUav 
KOI Tov ireZov ^laXudivrog ol 'A6i|vaMM evrriffay 
Tpatralov Kal aifroi ky m ^A^atg. «c yuaiaavT€^ 
airi\oy rdv 'Epcvcov, ky f ol KopivOtoi ^fiovvy us 
eiKoai ara^iovs* ^ol fi ftey vavfia^ia ovriaQ crcXevra. 


Professor Tucker and Mr. Ikibbs. 

, Translate, with brief mar^nal notes explaining 
allusions and syntactical difficulties — 

(a) Cum de ea re M. Aemilius praetor, dictators 
post Gasilinum amissum profecto iam ad ezer- 
citum, exposcentibus cunctis rettnlisset, turn Sp. 
Gar villus cum longa oratione non solum inopiam 
senatorum, sed paucitatemetiam civium, ex quibus 
in patres legerentur, conquestus esset, explendi 
senatus causa et iungendi artius Latini nominis 
cum populo Romano magnopere se suadere dixit, 
ut ex singulis populis Latinorum binis senatoribus, 
quibus patres Romani censuissent, civitas daretur, 

,y Google 


atque ei in deraortuorum locum in senatom 
legerentur. Earn sententiam hand aequioribus 
animis quam ipsonim quondam postulatum Lati- 
norum patres audierunt; et cum fremitus indig- 
nantium tota curia esset, et praecipue T. Manlius 
esse etiam nunc eius stirpis virum diceret, ex qua 
quondam in Gapitoiio consul minatus esset^ quem 
Latinum in curia vidisset, eum sua manu se 
interfecturum^ Q. Fabius Mazimus numquam rei 
ullius alieniore tempore mentionem factam in 
senatu dicit. 

(b) Eae causae cum Fabium tenerent^ Sempronius 
in obsidione erat et iam openbus oppugnabatur. 
Adversus ligneam ingentem admotam urbi aliam 
turrem ex ipso muro excitavit consul Romanus, 
aliquanto altiorem, quia^ muro satis per se alto, 
subiectis yalidis sublicis pro solo usus erat. Inde 
primum saxis sudibusque et ceteris missilibus 
propugnatores moenia atque urbem tuebantur; 
postremo, ubi promovendo adiunctam muro vider- 
unt turrem, facibus ardentibus plurimum simul 
ignem coniecerunt. Quo incendio trepida arma- 
torum multitudo cum de turre sese praecipitaret, 
eruptio ex oppido simul duabus portis stationes 
hostium fudit fiigavitque in castra, ut eo die 
obsesso quam obsidenti similior esset Poenus. 

(c) Obstupuit magno laudum perculsus amore 

Euryaius; simul his ardentem adfatur amicum : 
** Mene igitur socium summis adiungere rebus, 
Nise, iugis ? solum te in tanta pericida mittam ? 
Non ita me genitor bellis adsuetus Opheltes 
ArgoUcum terrorem inter Troiaeque labores 
Sublatum erudiit; nee tecum talia gessi 
Magnanimum Aenean et fata extrema secutus. 
Est hie, est animus lucis contemptor, et istum 

s 2 

,y Google 


Qui vita bene credat emi^ quo tendis^ honorem." 
Nisus ad haec : '^ Equidem de te nil tale 

▼erebar : 
Nee hs: non. Ita me referat tibi magnas 

luppiter, aut quicumque oculis haec aspicit 

Sed si quis-^qaae multa vides discrimine 

Si quis in adversum rapiat casusve deusve, 
Te superesse velim ; tua vita dignior aetas. 

(d) Mel. Mirabar^ quid maesta deos, Amaryilii 
Cui pendere sua patereris in arbore poma; 
Titjrus hinc aberat. Ipsae te, Titjre^ pinus, 
Ipsi te fontesy ipsa haec arbusta vocabant. 
Tit. Quid facerem? neque servitio me ezire 
Nee tarn praesentes alibi cognoscere divos. 
Hie ilium vidi iuvenem, Meliboee, quot annis 
Bis senos cui nostra dies altaria fiimant. 
Hie mihi responsum primus dedit ille petenti: 
^'Pascitey ut ante^ boves, pueri; submittite 

2. Explain — Socii navaleg — auspiciis repetendis — 
superum mare — tributum — medix tuticus — ^vento 
sue — Cumaeum carmen — ^nemorum Latoniacustos 
— macte virtute. 

8. Parse — PoUicitus^ faxo^ causante, ancipiti, discretae, 
trivissc; adesis. 

4. Give an outline sketch of Southern Italy, and mark 
the positions of Capua, Cumae, Nola^ Neapolis, 
Rhegium, Locri^ Tarentum, Brundisium, Cannae. 

,y Google 


5. Turn into oratio recta — 

Multos sibiy qui cam eo stipendia fecerint^ 
referre, qui Tir esset ille, quaeque et quoties 
pericuLa adisset. 

6. Translate the following unprepared passage : — 

Quare cum et bellum sit ita necessarium, ut 
negle^ non possit^ ita magnum^ ut accuratissime 
sit administrandum^ et cum ei imperatorem 
praeficere possitis^ in quo sit eximia belli scientia, 
singularis virtus^ clarissima auctoritas, egregia 
fortuna, dubitatis^ QuiriteS; quin hoc tantom 
boni^ quod vobis ab dis immortalibus oblatum et 
datum est, in rem publicam conservandam atque 
amplificandam conferatis? Quodsi Romae Gn. 
Pompeius privatus esset hoc tempore, tamen ad 
tantum bellum is erat deligendus atque mittendus : 
nunc cum ad ceteras summas utilitates haec 
quoque opportunitas adiungatur, ut in iis ipsis 
locis adsit, ut habeat exercitum, ut ab iis qui 
habent statim accipere possit, quid exspectamus ? 
Aut cur non ducibus dis immortalibus eidem, cui 
cetera summa cum salute rei publicae commissa 
sunt, hoc quoque bellum committamus? 


Professor Tucker and Mr, Tubbs. 

1. Translate, with brief marginal notes explaining 
allusions and syntactical difficulties : — 

(a) To be omitted by candidates in Oroup A, 

Tpolav 'Axacoc rp5' txovtf kv flfiip^. 
otfjiai fio^v afUKTov kv ttAcc irpiireiy. 

,y Google 


oioc r' 6\€i<pd r lyxiaQ ralr^ Kvrei 
ii'Xpffrarovyr^ ay oif ^(X«i>c Tcpoatvviiroit' 
kqX rmv iLK6yTmv koX KparrioavTiav lixa 
^Ooyyac cucovtiv iarl trvfupopag ^iwXffc. 
oi fuy yap iifi<j>l a&fiaaiv veimaKorec 
iLvSp&y KatriyvrfTUfy rt^ <cal t^vTaXfilwy 
Tcailig yep6vTtavy ohKer^ cj eXevOipov 
^ipric iLiroifibtZovvi 0cXraraiv fi6poy' 
rove y aSrf wKrlirXayiCTOc €ic fiayjIQ irSvoc 
yfjarig irpOQ hpitrrounv &v c^ci ^r^Xcc 
r&<r<r€i, trpoQ ohdey iv ficpu rcKfiiipioy' 
&KX* WjC BKaffTog etnratrev tvxvc vaXov, 
ky ai\fia\utroic Tpfo'iKole oiidifiatn 
valovviyy ffiri r&y vwaidpluty iraytay 
Ipotriay r dwaXXaycvrcc, «c ^vtr^aifwree 
iuftvXaiCToy evdiiaovai iraaav eixf^pdyriy. 

(b) EK rdy hfipoTlfjuay 


2t€^vpov ylyavToe avpij^, 
troXiav^pol re f^tpatnriZtc Kvvayol 
Kar ixvog TrXaray &<^ayroy 
KeXtrayrutv ^ifiSeyrog iucrac kv dicpiro0v\Xovc 

^i' tpiy alfiaT6e<r<ray. 
^JXif de KTidoc 6p&u}wfju>y rsXecrerlippiay 
fjtfjyic HXatrey, Tpani(a<: Mfiuftriy varipf XP^^f 
Kal ^vyetrriov Aioc 
irpaafTOfUva to yvfi^oriyLoy 

fUXoQ eic^drbic Tiovrac 
vfiivaioyy oq r&f kirippiirey 
yayt^polfny atiheiy. 

(c) XO. d. kyit fity hfiiy rr^y kfii^v yywfiriy XiyiOf 

irpoQ ifUfJLa Ztvp aarolfTi Ktipvaereiv 3o^y* 
XO. /y. kfioi 5' OTTws Ta\iaTa y' kfiiretrtiy doKei, 

Kol repay fj^ kXiyyjEiy tvy veoppvrif ii^i» 
XO. y . K&yify ToiovTov yvwfuiroQ Koiyuyog tay^ 

^ri^^Cofial Ti IpaV to fiil fiiXXeiy ^' oKfiij. 

>y Google 


XO. S'. opdv vapEcm' <ppoifiial^ovrai yap &c 

TvpavriioQ trrifieia irpafftrovTtQ irdXei. 
XO. €. 'xpovli^ofiev yap' oi ^e ttjq fieWovg kXioq 

nidoi m-aTOVPTec oif KaOevBovariy \tpL 
XO. or'. ohK olha PovXfJQ ^c rivoc TV)(tliv Xeyoi. 

Tov ^p&vtSq itrrt Koi to )3oi;Xcvo'at TepL 
XO. i^. icdycii ToiovrSg elfi, etteI dv<rfirf)(avw 

Xoyoiffi TOV BavovT* avirrravat volKiv. 

(d) TYX. E2 Xiyeig. kyib yap' wapa 'EvKparovg ijicw 
trot TOV iravvy iroXXa to. airiaTa Kai fivdu^r} aKOvarag* 
fidXXov M fieTa^if Xeyo/iiv(ov airiiity ^xofirfy, oh 
i^iptav TOV vpayjjiaTOS Ttjv virtpfioX^Vj iiKKa fie 
Sawep ai ^Epivveg e^iiXacayj noXXa Tcpcun-ia xal 
ifXk6K0Ta die^ioyTog. 

^lA. KaiTOif & Tv\id^rjf a^idiritrrog 6 "EvKparriQ 
etrrlf Kai oi/deig av oif^e Tnonrtvirtuv tag (.Ktlvog oxma 
fiaOvv TTwytava KaOeifxivog e^riKovTOVTrig dvi)f> crt 
Koi <l>iXo(yo(l>i<jf. ^vytitv tcl ?ro\\a virofielveiey ay xal 
SXXov Tivog xjjev^ofiiyov axovaat irapii>Vy oijx Sirwg 
avTog re ToXfxrjffai toiovtov. 

(e) EPM. "Aye dri /«) /zeXXcrc, \pri(po<l>opii(raT€, ava- 

OTtfEy Kai fiXXoiC Xpfl ^IKO^EIV, 

AIK. TLaaaig if *Ajca3i7jL(/a icparcT, wXify fxidg, 
EPM. Jlapado^ov oh^EV, clvat Tiva Kai rj MiBtf 
TiOifiEvov. KaOitraTE ol r^ ^o^ wpog rffy *H5ovj)v 


iidiap' fi (caraypa^ocy fl ra iroiKlXa trv, H^rj Xeye. 

2iT0A. OifK ayvofa fXEVj 2> 6,yZpEg ^ifcaorai, &g 
wpog Eimpofftairdy fioi Tijv avrl^iKoy 6 X6yog Etrraiy 
dXXa Kai vjjiQy Tovg troXXovg bpQ irpbg fXEv EKElyriv 
' htropXiirovTag Kai fiEt^iwvTag trpog ai^jjv, kfiov 3e 
KaTa<l>poyovyrag, Sti ev ^p^ KEKapfxai Ka\ a^^EvtOToy 
fiXi'n-to Kai trKvOpanrri ^okQ' Sfiojg ^e, fjv hOeXiiirriTE 
iiKOvcrai fxov Xcyovo^Cy Baftpia voXv hiKaioTspa ravnyc 

,y Google 


2. Pane wopafidviVy dx£<Xay£cy, wapi^aVf wwipOopovaOf 

3. State briefly the names of the chief philosophic 

schools of Greece, the chief teachers in each 
school, and its summum honum. 

What is Ladan's own attitude towards philo- 

4. Comment on the syntax of — 

ra fuv yap coriac fuaofuf^SiXev 
tOTfiKtv Ifin fitjXa irpoc flr^yac irvpoc- 

Tov rdvovra iraXat t6^ov Sirwc av 
fiilTt vpo Kcupov pifi inrep &aTptav fiiXoc ifXidiov 

5. Distingoish between Kara and irpbc in legal actions. 

Give the proper Attic for avafiifiactrai Iwayop- 

6. Translate the following passage: — 

'AXXa yap oh ra /liXXovra ttreadai l36v\ofJLai 
XiytiVf ra irpaxOivra vtto rovriav ov ^vvafUVOQ 
thciiv' oh^£ yap evoc icarriySpov ovhk hvoiv epyov 
karivy &X\a noKK&v. 'Ofiwc 3e rijg ififis vpoOvfjilaQ 
oh^€y iWIkeiTrraXf vrrip re r&v Upwr, & o^roi ra fuv 
itiri^oyro ra ? eitndvrec kfiiaivovy vnip re rfjc ir6\etfCf 
fjy fUKpav evoiovvy virip re r&v vewplwP, & KaOeXKoVf 
Koi wrep rStv reOvswrwyy oIq iffielCf cttci^j) (winv 
i'nrafjtvvai oi/K ijivvaffOef airoOavovffi (iorfd^ffare* 
OTfiai S' alrovc fifjuov re iucpoaffSai Kal hudg eiaevdoA 
rffy \lnj<l>oy t^epovraQ^ fjyovfUPovQy Stroi fiev av rovrw 
iL'TTf^jniiplerriffdef airr&v Oararov Kara^<pu1<rOai, Stroi 
S* hv irapa rovrwp ilicfiv \6fitaaiyf vvep aitr&y rac 
rifiufplac wevoirifiiyovc. 

,y Google 


Additumalfor Oroup A. 

7. Translate— 

Kac /i^v *i(n'E ye Tovffy Sti jJovKSfuvoi fjLyjj^ii^ 
iLytaylZetrdai ^ivov oifK k^uKart iLvrXwc rwv xoprfy&v 
ovitt'i TrpotrKokiaavTi tovq xoptvrag orjcoirely, aXX' 
eav fxkv KaKierg^ TreyriiKovra dpaxfiag, kav ^c KaOi* 
itffdai KeXevorri, X*^^^^ aworiyeiy lerofare. rivoc 
tvEKay OTnoQ firj tov iareipaviofiiyoy Kai Xeirovp' 
yovyra rf de^ Tavrrfy rrfy fijjiipay icaXn foyS* 
imipediy ^ltiV v/iplZy /jLti^elg e^evlrrihQ, tira rbr 
fiey \opevTrly old 6 wpoaKaXiarag icara tov rSfiov 
ii(ilfiioc earai, Toy ^e \opTjy6y ov^' 6 avyKdyj/ac irapa 
vdyrag rovg ySfiovg ovtoj tpavepCiQ ^uftru d/myvy 
dXXa fi-^y oh^iy ear 6(l>£\oc KoKiaQ koi tpikavdpunn^c 
TOVQ yofiOVQ vnep rdiy woWCjy Kei(rOaiy el toIq direi- 
Oovari Kol (^la^OfiiyoiQ avrovg fj Trap* vjiGiv opy^ rQy 
Oil Kvplftty fiil yEyfi<rerat, 

8. Give a brief account of the Xeirovpylai at Athens, 

and the method of their distribution. 

9. £xplain wpofioXii, OetrfwOirai^ trapaypai^fiy vvvfioalaf 

vpoei€r(l>ip€iyf eySti^ig, 


Professor Tucker and Mr. Tulls. 

1. Translate, with brief marginal notes where neces- 
(a) Mult&s res simltu in me6 corde y6r80, 
Multum in cogit4ndo dol6rem indipiscor. 
Egom6t me coquo ^t macero ^t deietigo ; 

,y Google 


Magister mihi 6zercit6r animns n^c est. 
Sed h6c non liquet nee satis cogit&tumsty 
ntr4m potius h&rum mihi &rtem expet^ssam, 
Utram a^tati ag^^ndae arbitr^r firmidrem : 
Am6rin med ka re opsequi potius p4r sit : 
De hac t6 mihi satis hafi liquet : nisi h6c sic 

feciam, opinor, 
Ut utr&mque rem simul ^xputem, ind6x sim 

reusque ad ekm rem. 

Ita f&ciam : ita placet. 
Omniam primum am6ris arteis ^loquar quern 

ad m6dum se expediant. 
N^mquam amor quemqu&m nisi cupidum p68- 

tulat se hominem in plagas 
G6nicere; eos petit, e6s sectatur, siibdole ab 

re c6nsulit : 
Blandfloquentul^st, harpag6 mendax, c^ppes, 
Desp61iator, l&tebricolarum hominum cor- 


Gel&tum indag4tor. 

(t) Istlc a^tato. Si h6rcle tu ex ist6c loco 

Digitiim transvorsum aut tinguem latum ex- 

Aut si respexis, d6nicum ego te i^ssero, 
Gontinuo nercle ego te d6dam discipul&m omci. 
Scelestiorem me h4c anu cert^ scio 
Vidisse numquam, nimisque ego hano metu6 

Ne mi ^x insidiis T^rba imprudentf duit 
Neu persentiscat, a^rum uoi est absc6nditum : 
Quae in 6ccipitio qu6que habet oculos p6ssuma. 
Nunc ibo ut visam, sitne ita aurum ut c6ndidi : 
Quod m^ soUicitat pMrimis miseriim modis. 

St. Noentim mecastor, quid ego ero dic&m meo 
Mala^ rei evenisse quamre ins&niam, 

,y Google 


Queo c6nminisci: ita me miseram ad htinc 

Deci^ns die uno sa6pe extrudit a^dibus. 

(e) Postquam haec atque alia talia dixit neque 
animus Mari flectitur, resposdit ubi primum 
potuisset per negotia publica faoturum sese quae 
peteret. Ae postea saepius eadem postuianti 
lertur dixisse, ne festinaret abire: satis mature 
ilium cum filio suo consulatum petiturum. Is eo 
tempore contubemio patris ibidem militabat, 
auios uatus circiter viginti. Quae res Marium 
oum pro honore quem adfectabat, tum contra 
Metellum vehementer adcenderat. Ita cupidine 
atque ira^ pessumis consultoribus, grassari, neque 
facto ullo neque dicto abstinere, quod modo 
ambitiosum foret, milites quibus in hibemis 
praeerat laxiore imperio quam antea habere, apud 
negotiatores^ quorum magna multitude Uticae 
erat^ criminose simul et magnifice de belio loqui : 
dimidia pars ezercitus si sibi permitteretur, paucis 
diebus lugurtham in catenis habiturum : ao im- 
peratore consulto trahi, quod homo inanis et 
regiae superbiae imperio nimis gauderet. 

{d) Egregia tua fides re cognita, grata mihi 
magnis in meis perioulis, fiduciam commenda- 
tioni meae tribuit. Quamobrem defensionem 
in novo consilio non statui parare, satisfactionem 
ex nulla conscientia de culpa proponere decrevi^ 

3 nam medius fidius veram licet cognoscas. 
niuriis oontumeliisque concitatus, quoa fructu 
laboris industriaeque meae privatus statum dig- 
nitatis non optinebam, publicam miserorum 
oausam pro mea consuetudine suscepi^ non quin 
aes alienum meis nominibus ex possessionibus 
solyere possem; at alienis nominibus liberalitas 

,y Google 


Oreetillae sois filiaeque copiis persolveret: sed 
quod non dignos homines honore honestatos 
Tidebam, meque falsa suspicione alienatum ease 
sentiebam. Moc nomine satis honestas pro meo 
casu spes reliquae dignitatis conserrandae smn 

2. How far are Sallust's accounts of African geography 

trustworthy ? 

3. Comment on — ^Incendium meum ruina restinguam 

— ac noYissume memoria nostra argentum aere 
solutum est — per indutias sponsionem faciunt — 
loca nuda gignentium — Carthago, aemula imperi 

4. Consider any uses, affected by Sallust, of the fol- 

lowing Terbs Ac: — amare, curare, moderari, 
accendere in, imponere, comperior^ contemptns, 
artes, lubido, mafitia, parentes. 

6. Give a brief account of the life and works of 


0. What peculiar senses does Plautns attach to the 
woras quoniam, enim^ qui, aetas, latrocinari, 

7. Translate— 

Nunc qusBSo considera nobis obpressis utrum 
firmiorem te ad resistendum an finem belli 
fiiturum putes ? Scio equidem tibi magnas opes 
Tirorum armorum et auri esse : et ea re a nobis 
ad societatem, ab illis ad praedam peteris. Ceterum 
consilium est, Tigranis regno intee^ro, meis militi- 
bus belli prudentibus, procul ab domo per nostra 

,y Google 


corpora bellum conficere, quo Deque yincere neque 
▼inci sioe tuo pericnlo possumus. An ignoras 
RomanoSy postauam ad occidentem pergentibus 
finem Oceanus lecit, arma hue convertisse? Deque 

Juicquam a principio nisi yi partum habere 
omum coniuges agros imperium? convenas 
olim sine patria parentibus, pesti conditos orbis 
terrarum : quibus non humaDa ulla neque divina 
obstant, quin socios amicos^ procul iuxta sitos^ 
inopes potentesque trahant exscindaDt, omniaque 
non serva et maxume regna hostilia ducant ? 

Additional/or Group A. 
8. Translate^ with brief notes where necessary — 

(a) Idem tamen qui a te banc austeritatem exigo 
cogor id quod diversum est postulare, ut in 
plerisque frontem remittas. Sunt enim quaedam 
adulescentiumauribusdanda praesertim si materia 
non refragetur: nam descriptiones locorum, quae 
in hoc libro frequentiores erunt, non historice 
tantum sed prope poetice prosequi fas est. Quod 
tamen si quis ezstiterit qui putet nos laetius fecisse 
Quam orationis severitas exigat, huius, ut ita 
aixerim, tristitiam reliquae partes actionis exorare 
debebunt. Adnisi certe sumus ut quamlibet 
diversa genera lectorum per plures dicendi species 
teneremus^ ac sicut veremur ne quibusdam pars 
aliqua secundum suam cuiusque naturam non 
probetur, ita videmur posse confidere ut universi- 
tatem omnibus rarietas ipsa commendet. 

(b) Adhuc ilium pueritiae ratio intra contubemium 
tuum tenuity praeceptores domi habuit, ubi est 
erroribus modica vel etiam nulla materia. lam 
studia eius extra limen proferenda sunt^ iam 

,y Google 


circumspiciendut rhetor Latinus, cuius scholae 
severitas^ pudor, in primis castitas constet 
Adest enim adulesoenti nostro cum ceteris naturae 
fortunaeque dotibus eximia corporis pulchritudo, 
cui in hoc lubrico aetatis non praeceptor mode 
Bed custos etiam rectorque quaerendus est 
Videor ergo demonstrare tibi posse lulium Geni- 
torem. Amatur a me : iudicio tamen meo non 
obstat caritas hominis quae ex iudicio nata est 
Yir est emendatus et gravis, paulo etiam horri- 
dior et durior, ut in hac licentia temporum. 

9. How would a Roman of Pliny's time probably 
spend his day ? 

10. Explain — adire hereditatem — flatus clavus — ^testes 
et laudatores dabat candidatus — reciperatoria 
indicia — litis aestimatio— quinqueviri minuendii 
publicis sumptibus : 

And comment on — cum enitendum haberemus 
— errayerim fortasse qui me aliquid putavi— 
postulavit dari sibi diem* 


Professor Tucker and Mr, Tulls. 

The soldiers, seeing their leader fall, prepared 
themselves for revenge; and this whole company 
with the king himself would undoubtedly nave 

Eerished on the spot had it not been for the 
ravery which Richard discovered on the occasion. 
He ordered his company to stop, he advanced 
alone towards the enraged multitude, and accost- 
ijig them in a friendly manner, he asked, ^^ What 

,y Google 


is the meaning' of this disorder^ good people ? 
Are ye angry that ye have lost your leaaer ? I 
am your king^ I will be your leader." I'he people, 
overawed by the presence of the king, followed 
him without questioning'. Bichard led them 
into the fields, to prevent any disorder which 
might have arisen by their continuing in the 
city; being there joined by Sir Richard EnoUys 
he forbade that officer to fall upon the rioters, 
and he peaceably dismissisd them with the same 
charters which had been granted to their fellows. 


Professor Tucker and Mr. Tubbs. 

At length a Rajah of tried fidelity, having 
with difficulty reached our camp, warned us 
'^ That all the neighbouring tribes were clamour- 
ing for war; that our troops had sustained a 
defeat across the river, and that his own people 
were daily flocking together and demanding 
arms. He himself was, and would ever be, 
grateful to the English for their many great 
services towards him, but it was impossible for 
the enthusiasm of his people and the confederacy 
of so many warlike nations to be any longer 
resisted.'' The General, they say, thanked mm 
for his good-will, but put little confidence in his 
words. I know for certain that he replied that 
he should take no step for the present, but wait 
for a letter from the Commander-in-Chief; that 
he was in no distress for provisions, and, pro- 
tected by his fortifications, could defy any 
blockade or assault on the part of the Indians. 

,y Google 



Professor Tucker and Mr. TuhU. 

In the meantime he convened a general 
assembly of the Toronsean population, wnom he 
addressed in the same conciliating and equitable 
language as he had employed elsewhere. '^ He 
had not come to harm either the city or any 
individual citizen. Those who had let him in 
ought not to be regarded as bad men or traitors; 
for they had acted with a view to the benefit and 
the liberation of their city, not in order to 
enslave it, or to acquire profit for themselves. On 
the other hand, he did not think the worse of 
those who had gone over to Lekythos, for their 
fiiendship to Athens; he wished them to come 
back freely, and he was sure that the more they 
knew the Lacedaemonians the better they would 
esteem them. He was prepared to forget and 
forgive previous hostility; but, while he invited 
all of them to live for the future as cordial friends 
and fellow-citizens, he should also for the future 
hold each man responsible for his conduct whether 
as fiiend or as enemy/' 

Professor Tucker and Mr. Tubbs. 

That Cicero's services in the different branches 
of philosophy were considerable, cannot be called 
in question. Let us briefly examine how he 
rendered them. He was the first of the Romans 

,y Google 


to embrace the whole body of Greek philosophy, 
transfer it from Greece to Rome, and expound it 
to his countrymen in the Latin language. The 
innumerable difficulties involved in this under- 
taking he overcame by the greatness of his 
intellect and energy. His individual efPorts 
rendered his native tongue, hitherto hardly 
employed for that purpose, a fit medium for 
conveying philosophical ideas and conducting 
disquisitions of every kind. His aim was to 
advance not only the learning, but the moral 
tone of his countrvmen : and by his own unaided 
exertions he kindled a love of reading and of 
composition in the minds of a number of them. 
There was no part of philosophy upon which he 
did not throw light, but it was not his intention 
to found a school. 

Paet I. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. What is meant by the following words: — High 

Dutch, Welsh, Aryan, slave, ink-horn terms? 

2. What is the history of each of the following 

words ? — Alchemy, assassin, battledor, bufPalo, 
caste, deacon, iceberg, madrigal, plunder, 
schooner, sovereign, volcano. 

,y Google 


3. Explain the fbllowing lines from Sichard IL .-^ 

(a) Bj thinking on fantastic summer's heat 
(Jb) As were our England in reversion his. 
{e) Evermore thanks, the exchequer of the poor. 
(d) Wanting the manage of unruly jades. 
{e) Pity may move thee pardon to rehearse. 

4. To what period of Shakspeare's work does 

Richard IL belong ? By what evidence is the 
order of the plays ascertained ? 

5. What changes in meaning have come to the words 

— post, jest, shrewd, security? 

6. Explain the following passages : — 

(a) My most kindly nurse. — Spenser. 

(J) Puflfe, powders, patches, bibles, billet-doux. 

— Pope. 

({?) This Partridge soon shall view in cloudless 
When next he looks thro' Galilaeo's eyes. 


{d) O'er Bodley's dome his future labours spread, 
And Bacon's mansion trembles o'er his head. 

— Johnson. 
{e) No more our long-lost Arthur we bewail. 
All hail, ye genuine kings, Britannia*s issue, 
hail ! — Gray. 

( /) Thou source of all my bliss, and all my woe, 
That found'st me poor at first, and xeep'st 

me so. — GrOLDSMITH. 

,y Google 


7. Paraphrase and explain the following: — 

There, at Vienna or Versailles, 

He rives his father's auld entails^ 

Or by Madrid he taks the rout, 

To thrum guitars, an' fecht wi' nowt; 

Or down Italian vista startles. 

Love-making among groves o' myrtles; 

Then bouses drumly German water. 

8. Give the meaning and trace the origin of the 

following words: — Anagram, diapason, terma- 
gant, lampoon, megrim, impeachment, brock, 
baws'nt, thrang. 

9. Dr. Johnson says: " Whoever wishes to attain an 

English style must give his days 

and nights to the volumes of Addison." Can 

Jou fill up the blank ? Do you agree with Dr. 
ohnson ? 

10. E3:plain the following passages from Addison : — 

(ft) It is not improbable but Will was fonnerly 
tried at divinity, law, or physic. 

(b) When an old woman begins to dote and grow 
chargeable to a parish. 

(c) Dr. Busby, a great man. 

{d) The lands in Herefordshire were raised two 
years' purchase since the beginning of the war. 

(e) Passive obedience. 

(^f) A figure reaching at a sceptre with one hand, 
and holding a chaplet of beaas in the other, with 
a distant view of Smithfield. 

T 2 

,y Google 


11. Explain Macaulay's allusions to Cervantes, MurillOy 

the Kit-cat Club, scene of Essex's glory. 

12. Write an account of Lord Peterborough. 


Part II. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. ^'The English reader will find few difficulties in 

Bacon's language or style." — Aldis Wright. 
'' One might almost say that the little volume of 
Bacon's Essays alone contain as lars^e a number 
of words and phrases no longer employed in our 
language as the whole of Milton's poetical works." 
—Marsh. With which of these authorities do 
you agree^ and for what reasons ? 

2. Give an abstract of the Essays " Of Revenge " 

and** Of Anger." 

3. Comment on the following passages : — 
(a) " What is truth ?" said jesting Pilate. 

(J) All rising to great place is by a winding stair. 

(c) The fittest timber to make great politique of. 

(d) It is the wisdom of rats,... of the fox,... of 

(e) Every defect of the mind may have a special 

4. Wherein does the Fool in King Lear differ from 

Shakspeare's other fools ? 

,y Google 


5. Comment on the following passages: — 

(a) These late eclipses in the sun and moon portend 

no good to us. 
(J) The revenging gods 

'Gainst parricides did all their thunders bend. 

(c) This prophecy Merlin shall make. 

(d) He childed as I fathered. 

(e) The gods are just. 

6. What is meant by the Romantic Movement in 

English Literature ? Trace its causes. 

7. Comment on the style of Carlyle. In the '^ Prose 

Masterpieces" whose style seems to you best 
adaptea for an ordinary writer ? 

8. Write short accounts of Cowper and Southey. 

9. Comment on the following passages: — 

(a) Like the ^ood Xerxes when he surveyed his 
army. — W. Irving. 

(b) Book-England^ on the map, would shine 
as — Leigh Hunt. 

(c) Though Dr. Johnson had read much in a 
desultory way, he had studied nothing. — Db 


(d) No inoculation, no turnpikes, no reading, no 
writing, no popery ! — S. Smith.* 

(e) I dare say^ after Austerlitz, the old E.E. court 
officials sneered at Napoleon for dating from 
Schonbrunn. — ^Thackeray. 

(./) This is that ancient doctrine of Nemesis. — 

,y Google 


10. Into what parts is '^Paracelsus" divided. To 
what degree is the poet's Paracelsus historical ? 

il. Into what parts is "In Memoriam" divided. 
What change of tone can be discerned in passing 
from part to part ? 

12. Write an Essay on " The Influence of the French 
Revolution on English Lit.erature." 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. Translate into French — 

We said that the history of England is the 
history of progress; and when we take a com- 
prehensive view of it, it is so. But when ex- 
amined in small, separate portions, it may with 
more propriety be called a history of actions and 
reactions. We have often thought that the 
motion of the public mind in our country re- 
sembles that of the sea when the tide is rising. 
Each successive wave rushes forward, breaks, 
and rolls back; but the great flood is steadily 
coming in. A person who looked on the waters 
only for a moment might fancy that they were 
retiring, or a person who looked on them only 
for five minutes might fancy that they were 
nishing capriciously to and tro; but when he 
keeps his eye on them for a quarter of an hour, 
and sees one sea-mark disappear after another^ 
it is impossible for him to doubt of the general 
direction in which the ocean is moved. 

,y Google 


2. Translate— 

Enfin mon nom parut sur la fatale liste; je 
lus appel^ et conduit h rini&me tribunal; et con- 
damne comme ^migr^^ ou plutdt comme ajant 
de la fortune. Je descends avec les autres 
▼ictimes, on nous coupe les cheveux, et on nous 
fait monter dans les charettes destinies h nous 
conduire k I'^chafaud. Celle oil J'etais ^tant la 
dernidre et trop remplie, on me nt rentrer dans 
la prison pour me ramener le jour suivant au 

Heureusement ce jour fut suivi d'une ^temelle 
nuit pour les tyrants qui m'avaient condamn6 ; 
11 n'j eut d'autre execution que la leur. Quelque 
temps aprds je fiis jug6 par un autre tribunal; il 
me fut facile de prouver qu'^tant absent depuis 
un grand nombre d'ann^es^ et d'ailleurs habitant 
une colonic frangaise, je ne pouvais Stre port6 
sur la liste des 6migr6s. 

3. Give an account of each of the following works: — 

Les Essais de Montaigne. 
Voltaire, L'Henriade. 
Victor Hugo, Cromwell. 

4. What do you know about the life and writings of 

Boileau^ and of Chateaubriand ? 

5. What do you know about the Provencal language? 

6. Translate the following passages from X^ Oid: — 
(a) Ce grand coeur qui paratt aux discours que tu 

Par tes yeux chaque jour se d6couvrait aux 

,y Google 


Et croyant voir en toi Thonneur de la Gastille, 
Men Ame avec plaisir te destdnait ma fille. 
Je saifl ta passion, et suis ravi de voir 
Que tons ses mouvements cedent ^ ton devoir, 
Qu'ils n'ont point affaibli cette ardeur mag- 

Que ta haute vertu r^pond h mon estime; 
Et que, voulant pour gendre un chevalier 

Je ne me trompais point au choiz que j'avais 


( b) Gktrdez, pour vous punir de cet org^eil Strange, 
Que le ciel h la fin ne souffre qu'on vous venge. 
Quoi ! vous voulez encor refuser le bonheur 
De pouvoir inaintenant vous taire avec hon- 

nenr ! 
Que pretend ce devoir, et qu'est-ce qu'il esp^? 
La mort de votre amant vous rendra-t-elle on 

Est-ce trop pen pour vous que d'un coup de 

malheur ? 
Faut-il perte surperte, et douleufsur doulenr? 
Allez, dans le caprice oti votre humeur s'obstine, 
Vous ne m^ritez pas Tamant qu'on vous destine; 
Et nous verrons du ciel F^qaitable courrouz 
Vous laisser, par sa mort, don Sanche pour 


7. Translate the following passages from Andro- 
maque: — 

{a) Avant que tons les Orecs vous parlent par ma 
Soufirez que j'ose ici me flatter de leur choiz, 
Et qu'& vos yeux^ seigneur, je montre quelqae 

,y Google 


De voir le fils d'Achille et le vainquenr de 

Oui^ comme ses exploits nous admirons vos 

coups : 
Hector tomba sous lui, Troie expira sous vous; 
Et vous avez montr^, par une heureuse audace. 
Que le fils seul d'Achille a pu remplir sa place. 
Mais ce qu'il n'eiit point fait, la Grdce avec 

Vous voit du sang" troyen relever le malheur, 
Et, vous laissant toucher d'une piti^ funeste, 
D'une ^erre si longue entretenir le reste. 

(J) Et Fingrat ? jusqu'au bout il a pouss6 I'out- . 
Mais as-tu bien, Cleone, observe son visage? 
Goiite-t-il des plaisirs tranquilles et parfaits ? 
N'a-t-il point a6tourn6 ses yeux vers le palais ? 
Dis-moi^ ne t'es-tu point pr6seDt6e h, sa vue ? 
L'ingrat a-t-il rougi lorsqu'il t'a reconnue ? 
Son trouble avouoit-il son infid6Iit6 ? 
A-t-il jusqu'^ la fin soutenu sa fiert^ ? 

8. Translate^ adding short notes, the following pas- 
sage from I/Avare: — 

C'est fort mal fait. Si vous 6tes heureux au 
jeu, vous en devriez profiter, et mettre k hon- 
n^te int^r^t I'argent que vous gagnez, afin de le 
trouver un jour. Je voudrais bien savoir, sans 
])8rler du reste, h quoi servent tons ces rubans 
dont vous voiI& lard^ depuis les pieds itisqu'^ la 
t^te, et si une demi-douzaine d aiguillettes ne 
sufGit pas pour attacher un haut-de-chausses. II 
est bien n^cessaire d'employer de I'argent k des 
perruques, lorsque I'on pent porter des cheveux 
de son cru, qui ne coiitent rien ! Je vais gager 

,y Google 


qu'en perruques et rubans, il y a da moins vingt 
pistoles ; et vingt pistoles rapportent par aiin6e 
aix-huit livres six sous huit deniers, h ne las 
placer qu'au denier douze. 

9. Translate—. 

(a) Gelle-ci, qui se meurt sur votre sein charmant^ 
N'aurait pas ce parfum qui monte doucement 
Comme un encens divin vers votre beaut6 pure, 
Si sa tige^ parmi Peau, Pair et la verdure, 
Dans la creation prenant sa part de tout, 
N'avait profond^ment plong4 par quelque bout, 
Pauvre et fragile fleur pour tous les vents b^ante, 
Au sein myst6rieux de la terre g^ante. 
L^, par un lent travail que Dieu lui seul connatt, 
Fraicheur du flot qui court, blancheur du jour 

qui nait, 
Souffle de ce qui coule, ou v^gete, ou se traine, 
L'esprit de ce qui vit dans la nuit souterraine, 
Fum^e, onde, vapeur, de loin comme de pres, 
— Non sans faire avec tout des ^changes secrets,— 
Elle a d^rob^ tout, son calme k I'antre sombre, 
Au diamant sa flamme, k la forfit son ombre, 
Et peut-^tre, oui sait ? sur I'aile du matin 
Quelque ineffable baleine k Foc^an lointain ! 

(J) L'6t6, lorsque le lour a fiii, de fleurs couverte, 
La plaine verse au loin un parfum enivrant; 
Les yeux ferm^s, I'oreille aux rumeurs entr'- 

On ne dort qu'^ demi d'un sommeil transparent. 

Les astres sont plus purs, I'ombre paratt meilleure; 
Tin vague demi-jour teint le d6me eternel; 
Et I'auoe douce et pMe, en attendant son heure, 
Semble toute la nuit errer au bas du cieL 

,y Google 


{c) ^' N'allume aucun enfer an tison d'auoun feu. 
N!aggTaye aucun fardeau. Demontre VSme et 

L'imp^rissable esprit, la tombe irrevocable; 
Et rends douce h nos fronts, que souvent elle 

La grande main qui grave en signes iramortels 
Jamais! sur les tombeaux ; toujours! sur les 

autels "-r-V. Hugo. 

10. Write out (in English) the substance of Victor 

Hugo's account of his life in the old house and 
garden of the Feuillantines. 

11. Translate— 

(a) Les chroniqueurSy Yillehardouin, Joinville, 
Froissarty inventeurs de la prose, ont une aisance 
et une clart6 dont nul n'approche et, par-dessus 
tout, un agr^ment, une grace qu'ils ne cherchent 
point. La grdce est ici une chose nationale, et 
vient de cette d^licatesse native qui a horreur des 
disparates : point de chocs violents, leur instinct 
y r^pugne; ils les 6vitent dans les oeuvres de 
goflt com me dans les oeuvres de raisonnement; 
us veulent que les sentiments comme les id^es se 
lient et ne se choquent pas. 

{b) Les fabliaux, les malins tours du renard, I'art 
de duper le seigneur Ysengrin, de lui prendre sa 
femme, de lui escroquer son diner, de le faire 
rosser sans danger pour soi et par autrui, href le 
triomphe de la pauvret6 jointe k I'esprit sur la 
puissance jointe k la sottise; le h^ros populaire 
est.d^j^ le pl^b^ien rus^, gouailleur et gai, qui 
s'achdvera plus tard dans Panurge et Figaro, 
assez peu dispose h r^sister en face, trop fin pour 

,y Google 


aimer les grosses victoires et les £siQons de InCteur^ 
eoclin, par agilit6 d'esprit, h toumer autour des 
obstacles, et n'ayant qu'& toucher les gens du 
bout du doigt pour les faire tomber dans le 

Write notes on Ysengrin, Panui^, Figaro. 

(c) Les anciens ne faisaient point cas de cette 
d^licatesse h demi feminine^ de cette sensibility 
nerveuse que nous appelons la distinction et qui 
nous platt tant. Aujourd'hui^ h un homme 
distingu^ il faut un salon; il est dilettante, il 
parle bien aux femmes; quoique capable d'en- 
thousiasme^ il est enclin au scepticisms; sa 
politesse est exqaise, il n'aime pas les mains sales 
et les mauvaises udeurs; il ne veut pas qn*on le 
confonde avec le vulgaire. Alcibiade ne craignait 
pas d'etre confondu avec le vulgaire. 

(d) Cette belle jeune femme k genoux songe k bien 
placer ses deux bras; les trois saillies de muscles 
sur son bras gauche font une suite agr6able; la 
chute des reins, la tension de toute la machine 
depuis le dos jusq'& I'orteil sont justement la pose 
qu on arrangerait dans un atelier. L'homme an 
hvre pense k montrer son pied si bien dessini 
Celui qui Idve un bras, le voisin qui tient Penfant 
poss^de, font des gestes d'acteur. Qu'est-ce que 
ces ap6tres qui se faissent tomber sym^triquement 
de iaQon k faire un gronpe ? 

— H. Tainb. 

,y Google 


Professor Tucker. 

1. Shew clearly the processes by which the I.-E. 

Ursprache broke up into languages mutually 

2. Divide the I.-E. sounds according to their place of 

articulation. Shew in general how far these 
sounds are apt to change their place. 

3. Oive the history of original d in Latin and a in 

Greek. Discuss the evidence for " Schwa," and 
illustrate its affections in Greek and Latin. 
What rules determine the root-vowel in insilio, 
insulto; cortfectvsy conficio? 

4. State clearly and illustrate the consonantal rule 

exemplified in the correspondence nijxvs, Sans- 
krit bahus; nddioy Jido, Apply it to connect 
r€«xoc with^^^ttm, vo^o^ with OiffffacrOai. 

5. State the scheme of representation of the velar 

stops in Greeks Latin, Teutonic, and Sanskrit. 
What is meant by *' unlabialised velar" ? 

6. Oive the history of (a) y^^ initial and postconso- 

nantal; (fi) s'y (y) ai, eUj in Greek and Latin. 

7. State, with instances, the origins of avy (, spiritus 

asper, Latin b and v. 

,y Google 


8. Examine the exact phonological relationship be- 

tween stemoy stratus; toUOy latus, roXac; afivSq, 
agnus; plyoc, Jrigus; Wo, sub; x^l^^^ humi; 
IXcu^poQf iXaxvcy Apicroc, ursus; oiXoc, lana, 

9. Explain ^' Sentence-Phonetics/' and shew how this 

has to be taken into consideration. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Prove that the sum of the moments of two forces 

in a plane on a rigid body is equal to the moment 
of their resultant. 

2. State Coulomb's Laws of Friction. 

Two equal particles A, B, on two inclined 
planes are connected by a string which passes 
at right angles over the horizontal line of inter- 
section. Tne string being tight^ show that the 
particle A is about to slip down if /ii cos ai 4- 
/if cos os ^ sin Qi — sin as where ui, n^ are the 
coefficients of friction of the particles and ai, os 
the elevations of the planes. 

3. Find the ratio of the power to the weight in that 

system of pullies in which the same rope passes 
over all the pullies. 

A man suspends himself in the air by standing 
in a bucket at one end of a rope over a pully 
and pulling on the other end. If TF be the 
weight of the man and W^ of the bucket, find 
the tension of the rope and the pressure of the 
man on the bucket. 

,y Google 


4. State Newton's Laws of Motion. 

A shot of mass 1 lb. is fired with a velocity of 
1,200 ft. per second directly into a resisting sub- 
stance 1 ft. thick and emerges with a velocity of 
500 ft;, per sec. Find the resistance, supposed 
uniform, and the time taken to pass througn. 

5. Define the terms work and horse-power. 

Compare with a horse-power the rate at which 
a man of 150 lbs. does work against gravity in 
walking up an incline of 1 in 50 at the rate of 
5 miles an hour. 

6. Two elastic balls of m&sses nti, m, and with velocities 

t^i, v^ in opposite directions in the same straight 
line collide. If e be the coefficient of restitution, 
find the velocities of the balls after collision. 

An elastic ball is dropped on to a horizontal 
plane. Show that it rises after impact to ^ times 
its original height. 

7. Prove that the surface of a heavy liquid under 

gravity is horizontal. 

Two vertical cylinders of cross-sections Aiy A^ 
are connected by a tube below and are pa rtly 
filled with water. Pistons of weights Tri, W^ 
fit in the two cylinders. Find the difierence of 
heights of the water in the two cylinders. 

8. Find the conditions of equilibrium of a heavy body 

floating in liquid, and investigate the graauation 
of the common hydrometer. 

9. Investigate an expression for the density of the air 

in the receiver of an air-pump after a given 
number of strokes, supposing perfect action. 

,y Google 


The Board ofExamknen. 

1. State and prove the different criteria of eqnilibrinm 

of a plane system of forces bj moments and 

2. State and prove Pappus's theorem regarding the 

centre otgravity of a plane area. 

3. Prove that a particle of weight TF on a rough in- 

clined plane of elevation a will remain at rest 
when acted on by a force P making an angle B 
with the plane upwards if P lies between 

TTsin (g - e) ^^ TTsin (a + Q 
cos (0 + t) cos (0 — c) ' 

e being th^ angle of friction. 

4. The path of a projectile in vacuo is a parabola 

of horizontal range Vg sin 2a where F is the 
initial velocity and a the elevation. 

5. Prove that the orbit of a particle under a Newtonian 

attraction to a fixed centre is a conic. 

6. Investigate the motion of a heavy particle on a 

smooth vertical cycloid. 

7. Find the law of pressure of a gas at uniform 

temperature under gravity. 

S. Find the vertical and whole pressures on the curved 
surface of a vertical right circular cone of height 
h and angle a whose base is uppermost and at a 
depth h okbIow the surface of a heavy liquid. 

,y Google 


The Boa/rd of Examiners, 

1. iDvestis'ate the reductioQ of a system of forces on a 

rigia body to a force^ and a couple around its line 
of action. 

2. A string lies on a smooth surface, and is under the 

action of forces having a potential. Find the 
tension and a differential equation for the form of 
the string. 

8. Find the attraction of a thin shell bounded by 
similar and similarly situated concentric ellipsoids. 

4. A heavy particle is projected from a given point A 

with given velocity, so as to strike at right 
angles a plane of elevation a, which is at a distance 
d from A. Find the direction of projection. 

5. Investigate the form and the elements of the orbit 

of a particle projected in a given manner under a 
Newtonian attraction to a fixed centre. 

6. Find the small oscillations of a heavy particle in a 

smooth surface of given form. 

7. Calculate the moment of inertia of a solid right 

circular cone about a line through its vertex, 
making a given angle with the axis. 

8. Investigate the general equations of sudden change 

of motion of a rigid body in two dimensions. 


,y Google 


9. A carriage of mass M is supported on four thin 
solid wheels each of mass m and radius a. Find 
its motion when moving freely down a rough 
inclined plane. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. To inscribe a regular pentagon in a given circle. 

Show how to describe a regular pentagon on 
a given straight line. 

2. The areas of triangles of the same altitude are to 

one another as their bases. 

Quadrilaterals having two sides on two 
parallel straight lines are to one another as the 
sums of their parallel sides. 

3. The rectangle contained by the diagonals of a 

quadrilateral inscribed in a circle is equal to the 
sum of the two rectangles contained by its 
opposite sides. 

What does this proposition become when the 
diagonals are diameters? 

4. Straight lines which are cut by parallel planes are 

cut proportionally. 

Parallel straight lines cut by planes passing 
through a given straight line are cut propor- 

,y Google 


6. The roots of the quadratic equation a? +px + q 
= are a, fi. 

Express ^ + - and a' + j3^ in terms otp and q. 
pa • 

6. If ^ varies as b when c is constant, and varies as 

c when b is constant; then when both b and e 
vary a will vary as be. 

7. Insert n harmonic means between a and b, 

8. Find the number of combinations of n things r at 

a time. 

9. Define the unit of circular measure, and find the 

connexion between the circular measure of an 
angle and its measure in degrees. 

10. Prove that 

tan(^-^) = ,^^^^-^°-^^ 
1 + tan ^ tan -B 

cos Asin(B—C) + cos B sin (C — A) 
+ cosCsin(J.- ^) = 0. 

11. In any triangle 

tan — - — zz. -z cot — - . 

2 b-^c 2 

12. Lines drawn from the top of a hill to two points 

in the plane below, at distance c from one 
another, make angles a^ /3 with the horizontal, 
and y with each other. Find the hei&:ht of the 

U 2 

,y Google 


The Board of JExaminers, 

1. Find the perpendicular distance of the point hk 

from the straight line 

ax + btf + c zz 0: 

Find the locus of a point which moves so that 
the sum of the perpendiculars let fall from it on 
two given straight lines is constant. 

2. Find the general polar equation of a circle. 

Find the locus of the middle point of a chord 
which passes through the pole. 

8. Find the equation of a parabola. Shew that all 
parabolas whose axes are parallel to the axis of 
tf have their equations of the form 

a^ =: ax -{■ btf + e. 

4. Find the locus of the middle points of a system of 
parallel chords of an ellipse. 

Find the locus of the middle point of a chord 
of an ellipse which passes through a fixed point. 

6. Find the limit when a? = 1 of 
a?" — 1 

and also the limit when x=.aoi 
of" — a"" 
a?" — a" ' 

,y Google 


6. End the n** differential coe£Bcient8 of 

^ cos (bx + e\ 7 V Fv • 

7. Expand sec or as far as the term in a^, 

8. In what cases does the expression u^ take an in- 

determinate form ? 

Find the values when xzzO of 
ar", (sina?)*, «^*. 

9. State and prove the rule for integration by sub- 


Find the value of 



\/{x — a){b — a?) 
by means of the substitution 

x^acos^d + b sin ^d. 

10. Shew how to find 

Ax -h B 


11. Find a formula for the volume of a solid of revolu- 

Find the volume grenerated by the revolution 
about the axis of a; of a loop of the curve 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners, 

1. Obtain a formula for the second differential co- 
efficient of an implicit function. 

^' {^y + ("f T = '' '°' 

2. Find the number of tangents which can be drawn 
from any point to a curve of the n** degree. 

Through a given point h^k tangents are drawn 
to curves, in each of which the ordinate varies as 
the cube of the abscissa. Shew that the locus of 
the points of contact is the rectangular hyperbola 

2xy + kx •— 3hi/ =: 0. 
8. Find the values of 

r «« r 

I e-^^' oosbxdx,! a^e"^"" cos bxdx. 

4. Find the equation of a plane in terms of the inter- 
cepts which it makes on the axes. 

Shew that the six planes^ each passing through 
one edge of a tetrahedron and bisecting t^e 
opposite edge, meet in a point. 

6. Shew that all plane sections of a surface of the 
second degree are conies. 

Find the locus of the centres of all plane sec- 
tions of a conicoid which pass throu^ a given 
straight line. 

,y Google 


6. Find the condition that a cone may have three 

perpendicular generators. 

Shew that any two sets of rectangular axes 
which meet in a point form six generators of a 
cone of the second degree. 

7. Find the axes and area of any central plane section 

of an ellipsoid. 

Given the area of a central plane section, find 
the cone traced out by the diametral line of the 

8. Integrate the linear equation 


| + iV = «. 

x^ + y = y*loga?. 

9. Explain the method of variation of parameters and 
apply it to solve the equation 

g_(. + J,|-a»,=/(,). 

10. Shew how to solve the equation 

ax ay dz 

where P, §, JB are functions of a?, y, z. 


,y Google 


The Board of Exammen, 

1. What are the facts which lead to the conclusion that 

the interior of the earth is in a state of intense 
heatf What are the fftcts which lead to the 
oonclosion that, notwithstanding this, the interior 
is not mainly in a molten condition ? How do 
you reconcile the two conclusions? 

2. Supposing a smart shock of earthquake to occur 

under the sea in the middle of Bass' Straits, 
enumerate in exact order the phenomena you 
would expect to observe on the Victorian coast. 

3. Give a rough plan and section of a typical active 

volcano^ shewing both its internal structure and 
the general outward form of its crater. What 
peculiarity is there in the distribution of our 
extinct volcanoes and points of eruption in 
Victoria as conti'asted with those in dther parts 
of the world? 

4. Explain and contrast the different views of Darwin 

and Murray as to the origin and mode of forma- 
tion of Atolls. 

5. Briefly define and explain the origin of the follow- 

ing: — Erratic blocks, perchea blocks, roches 
moutonn^es, kames or escars, and lateral, median, 
and terminal moraines. 

,y Google 


6. Advance as many examples as jou can of aqueous 

or sedimentary strata that have been (a) chemic- 
ally derived, (b) organically derived, giving a 
brief note as to composition, structure, and exact 
mode of origin in each case. 

7. What do you understand by " Slickensides ?" 

How are they caused? With what other 

Ehenomena are they liable to be confounded, and 
ow would you distinguish between the two 1 

8. Classify (a) according to percentage of silica, (b) 

according to relative position in regard to aqueous 
strata, the following igneous rocks, viz.: — 
Andesite, basalt, diabase, diorite, felsite, gabbro, 
granite, melaphyre, obsidian, porphyrite, rhyolite, 
syenite, tachylite, and trachyte. 

9. Enumerate the chief optical and physical characters 

dealt with in the determination of minerals. 

10. Give the names, chemical composition, and 
crystalline form of six common rock-forming 


ITie Board of Examiners. 

Arrange the following sub-formations of the Ter- 
tiary (English or Continental) in the order of 
superposition: — Argile Plastique, Barton Clay, 

,y Google 


Bembridge beds, Bracclesham beds, Calcaire 
Orossier, Coralline Crag^ Faluns of Touraine, 
Hempstead beds, London Clay, Mammaliferous 
Crag, Red Crag, Swiss Molasse, Thanet Sands, 
and Woolwich beds. 

2. Give as many examples of Concretions and Con- 
cretionary structure in rocks of Cainozqic and 
Mesozoic age as you can. 

8. What formation of the Mesozoic series in England 
is remarkable for containing an abundance of 
alum, and how is its presence usually accounted 

4. Describe the chief genera of Vertebrata that charac- 
terize the Pliocene formations in Australia and 
New Zealand respectively. 

6. What is the respective geological position of the 
following genera: — ^Dinotherium, Mastodon, 
Dicynodon, Labyrinthodon, Plesiosaurus, Lepi- 
dotus, Dapedius, Ptycodus, Plagiaulax ? 

6. Name and describe the fossil plants that would 

enable you to distinguish Mesozoic coal beds 
irom PsQaeozoic. 

7. Name some characteristic fossils of (a) Upper 

Chalk; (b) Lower Green Sand; (/?) Portland 
Stone; (d) Bradford Clay; (e) Muschelkalk. 

8. How would you recognize teeth of the follow- 

ing genera ; — Iguanodoo, Megalosaurus, Icthyo- 
saurus, Pliosaurus, and Cheirotherium. Illustrate 
your answer by rough sketches of the teeth in 
outline and in section. 

,y Google 


9. By what PalaBontoIogical characters have the lower 
jawbones of Ampbitherium and Phascolotherium 
of the Stonesfiela slate been determined to be (a) 
Mammalian and not Reptilian; (b) Marsupial, as 
distinguished from other mammals ? 

10. Name and describe some Brachiopods that appear 
for the last time in ascending order in the Marl- 
stone or Middle Lias. 


ITie Board of Examiners, 

Explain the distinctions of (a) contrary, contra- 
dictory, and indefinite (or infinite) terms ; {h) 
contrary, contradictory, and indefinite proposi- 

Explain the distinction of Real and Verbal proposi- 
tions. State whether the following propositions 
are real or yerbal, giving your reasons in each 
case: — 

{a) All men are mortal. 

\V) A man's a man. 

{e) Mr. Gladstone is a man. 

(d) Melbourne is the chief city of Victoria. 

Investigate the Opposition of Conditional and of 
Disjunctive propositions. 

Investigate the relations of the Primary Laws of 
Thought, the Dicttm. de omni et nulloy and the 
Rules of the Syllogism. 

,y Google 


5. Explain the characters and uses of the different 

Figures of the Syllogism. 

6. What is meant by (a) an Enthymeme; {b) a 

Dilemma ? Give examples of the different 
kinds of each. 

7. Explain the expressions — ignoraUo elenchi, argu- 

mentum ad hominem^ circulus in 'prohatido^ non 

8. Examine the following arguments, stating^ them in 

syllogistic form, and pointing out fallacies (if 

(a) But Brutus says he was ambitious. 

And Brutus is an honorable man. 
{b) You say that you can trust the people; then 

wh^ do you oppose manhood suffrage ? 
{e) n the end of all our conduct be h^-ppiness, 

that cannot be true happiness which we do not 

all seek. 
(d) The price of wheat is high whenever prospects 

of harvest are unfavourable; and since the price 

of wheat is now high, we may infer that the 

prospects of harvest are unfavourable. 

9. Among the members of a certain club there are 

none who are both actors and graduates, but 
every member who is not a graduate is a member 
of a profession but is [not a civil servant. Find 
the classes of members, regarded as possessing 
or not possessing the qualifications of actor, 
graduate, member of a profession, civil servant. 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. Show the steps hj which Mill arrives at the Import 

of Real Propositions. 

2. Explain Mill's attitude towards the Dictum de 

omni et nullo and the Nota nota est etiam nota 
rei ipsms. 

3. Define Induction. Consider whether the following 

processes are inductions : — Analogy, Colligation 
of Facts, Method of Difference, Me^od of Simple 

4. '^ When the Greeks, after long observing the mo- 

tions of the planets, saw that these motions 
might be rightly considered as ' produced by the 
motion of one wheel -revolving in the inside of 
another wheel, these wheels were creations of 
their minds, added to the facts which they per- 
ceived by sense; and even if the wheels were no 
longer supposed to be material, but were reduced 
to mere geometrical spheres or circles, they were 
not the less products of the mind alone — 
something additional to the facts observed." 

Explain, from a logical point of view, the 
processes by which tne theory of "material 
wheels " and the theory of *' mere geometrical 
spheres or circles " were arrived at. 

5. Consider why it is that a single instance, in some 

cases, is sufficient for a complete induction^ while 

,y Google 


in others myriads of concurring instances, with- 
out a single exception, go a very little way 
towards establishing a universal proposition. 

6. Discuss the question whether an effect can be 

simultaneous with its cause. 

7. ^'It hence appears, that if we throw the whole 

course of any inductive argument into a series of 
syllogisms, we shall arrive by more or fewer 
steps at an ultimate syllogism, which will have 
for its major premise the principle or axiom of 
the Uniformity of the course of Nature." 

Consider this statement in connexion with a 
conclusion obtained by way of the Method of 

S, In what cases does the verification of an hypothesis 
fulfil the conditions of a complete induction? 
Discuss the question. 

n^e Board of Examiners. 

1. In Sully's account of mental development, what is 

included in the Internal Factor, and what in the 
External Factor ? Add any comments. 

2. Discriminate between the intensity and the quality 

of Sensations. Illustrate by sensations of musical 
sound and of colour. 

3. Hearing a sound, I recognise that it proceeds from a 

bell. Analyse fiilly &e perceptual process here. 

,y Google 


4. Give examples of the facta to be explained by any 

theory of Association; and mention different 
theories which have been proposed. 

5. State, generally^ the grounds on which Kant holds 

that we possess a priori cognitions. 

6. Explain the principle on which Eant divides his 

Categories into mathematical and dynamical. 

7. Show the meaning and importance attached by 

Kant to the Schema in his Analytic of Judg- 

8. Examine the following statement: — "Assuming 

then, that since these two great realities (Science 
and Religion) are constituents of the same mind, 
and respond to different aspects of the same 
Universe, there must be a fundamental harmony 
between them ; we see good reason to concluae 
that the most abstract truth contained in Religion 
and the most abstract truth contained in science 
must be the one in which the two coalesce. 

9. Consider the grounds on which Spencer maintains, 

in his First Principles, that, while we must 
believe in the reality of self, knowledge of it is 
forbidden by the very nature of thought. 

MENTAL PHIL080PHY.-(3bd Ybab.) 

The Boa/rd of Eocami/MTS. 

1. Give reasons which have been adduced for holding 
that all mental processes are connected with 
changes of the nervous organism . Is it legitimate 

,y Google 


to conclude that the functions of the nervous sys- 
tem comprehend all that is comprised in mind ? 

5. Should Retentiveness be included among the funda- 

mental intellectual operations ? Refer in your 
answer to the treatment of the question by Bain 
and by Sully. 

3. In what sense and to what extent does Descartis 

hold that our knowledge of things depends on 
our knowledge of God ? Consider his position. 

4. How did Descartes arrive at his theory of animal 

automatism ? 

6. What meaning was attached by Kant to Substance ? 

Compare his conception of Substance with any 
other which has been common in modem philo- 

6. Explain the relation of Category, Schema, and 

Image, according to Eant, in the construction 
of our knowledge. 

7. Reproduce Kant's criticism of Rational Psychology, 

and show the result of this criticism in his own 

8. State, and examine, Spencer's argument to an 

Unknowable Power from the impossibility of 
forming any tenable hypotheses respecting the 
origin of the Universe. 

9. In what respects does the Transfigured Realism of 

Spencer differ from the Crude Realism which he 
rejects ? 

,y Google 


The Board of JSxaminers. 

1. How was Socrates led to identify Knowledge with 

Virtue ? And how was this tenet dealt with by 
his successors in Greek philosophy ? 

2. For what reasons did Aristotle consider Virtue to be 

not an emotion^ nor a power^ but a habit ? 

3. Mention any problems in Moral Philosophy which 

appear to' you to be specially connected with,, or 
suggested by. Christian Ethics. 

4. Can Virtue be resolved into Benevolence ? How 

does Butler deal with this question ? 

5. It was held by Kant that the law of duty must 

be valid; not only foi* men^ but for all rational 
creatures. Examine his position here. 

6. '* Everybody to count for one, nobody for more than 

one." Discuss Mill's statement as to the con- 
nexion of this maxim with the Greatest Happi- 
ness principle. 

7. Explain the meaning attached by Spencer to totality 

of life, and consider the way in which he connects 
this criterion with the ultimate moral aim. 

8. What evidence has been adduced for the statement 

that the sense of duty will diminish as moraliza- 
tion increases ? 


,y Google 



The Board of Examiners. 

S« caadldftto Is to attempt moro tluui TBV quMrtioas. 

1. Bxplain what is meant by the conservation of 
energy, and what by the transformation of 
energy^ and illustrate both principles by reference 

(1) A clock. 

(2) A steam-eng^e. 

3. What is required to specify completely each of the 
following ideas, velocity, force, nuiss? 

Describe how co-existent velocities and forces 
are compounded graphically, and how a Telocity 
or force can be resolved graphically. 

3. State the laws of friction. Describe the apparatus 

used and the method of using it to prove them. 

4. State the principle of Archimedes, and describe 

how it can be experimentally verified. 

Find the volume and the specific gravity of a 
body which weighs 256 grammes in air and 192 
in water. 

If the same body weighed 208 grammes in 
another liquid, what would the specific gravity 
of this liquid be? 

6. State Boyle's Law. 

Describe the apparatus used and the series of 
experiments performed in order to verify it. 

,y Google 


6. Describe the constractioii of a mercurial thermo- 

meter^ and how the fixed points on the stem are 

7. Define the terms thermal unity specific heat, latent 

heat, and describe, fiilly, the apparatus used and 
the method of using it, to determine the latent 
heat of ice. 

8. State the laws of refiraction of light. 

Sketch the path of a ray of light through a 
prism^ and give your reasons for so drawing it. 

Explain^ with the assistance of a sketch, why a 
straight stick appears bent when thrust at a slope 
into water. 

9. Explain fully the action of a magnifying glass. 

10. Describe fully three methods of magnetising a 

piece of steel by means of magnets, and one 
method by means of a voltaic current; explaining 
clearly how to arrange so that a definite end of 
the piece of steel shall in all cases be made a north 

11. Define unit quantity of electrici^, and explain 

what is meant by the potential of a conductor. 

Two small equal spheres, one having a positive 
charge of 12 units, and the other a negative 
charge of 3 units, are placed three centimetres 
apart What is the mutual force between them? 
If they are made to touch and a^n separated to 
the same distance, what will the mutual force 
now be? 


,y Google 


12. What current will 4 Danieli's cells, each of KM.?. 
1*1 volt., and internal resistance 2 ohms, send 
through an external circuit whose resistance is 
2 ohms. 

(a) If the cells are joined up in parallel ? 

(/3) If they are joined up in series ? 

(y) If they are joined up in two parallel rows 
of two in series ? 


The Board of Examiners. 

Vo OMididate !■ to attempt more tlian TBV qnevtioiui. 

1. Describe some good method of determining the 

coefficient of linear expansion of a solid. 

2. GiTe a short sketch of ProTost's theory of ex- 


^. Explain the expressions dew-pointy maxifMim 
vapoiur tenriouy nygrometric state. 

Describe any dew-point hygrometer;^ and how 
to use it to determine the hygrometrio state of 
the air in a room. 

4. ProTc the two following formulsB in optics : — 

(1) 5 = (/* — 1) €, giving the deviation pro- 
duced by a thin prism. 

^^^ IT "*" V ^ 7 ^"^^^ *® coqugate 
focal distances for a convex lens. I 

,y Google 


5. Explain what is meant by irrationality of dispersion, 
• and explain why in general it is not possi Die with 
two prisms to make an achromatic combination. 

Find the conditions that two thin prisms may 
achromatise as regards the red and violet rays. 

6. Describe the astronomical telescope. What is 

meant by the bright spot, and prove that the 
linear magnifying power of the telescope is the 
ratio of the diameter of the object glass to that of 
the bright spot ? 

7. State the laws of the transverse vibrations of 

strings. Describe the monochord, and explain 
how by its means these laws may be experiment* 
ally demonstrated. 

8. How would you compare the velocities of sound in 

different gases ? 

9. Describe how to compare the capacities of two 

condensers by means of a quadrant electrometer. 

10. Describe fiilly how to determine the magnetic dip. 

11. A battery whose resistance (r) was required, was 

joined up in circuit with a resistance J2 of 200 
ohms and a galvanometer of 100 ohms, a shunt 
of 10 ohms being between the poles of the battery. 
On removing the shunt it was necessary^ in 
order to reduce the increased deflection to what 
it was originally, to increase JR to 3,200 ohms; 
what was the resistance of the battery ? 

12. Describe Ruhmkorff's coil. 

,y Google 



Pbaotioal Work. 

The Board of JExaminen, 

1. Determine the density of a solid by the hydrostatic 


2. Find the volume of a flask. 

3. Determine the thickness of a glass plate by the 


4. Find the boiling point of the given liquid. 
6, Determine the specific heat of a metal. 

6. Find the latent heat of steam. 

7. Determine the focal length of the given lenses. 

8. Find the magnifying power of a telescope. 

9. Verify the inverse square law by the magnetic 

torsion balance. 

10. Calculate the constant of the tangent galvano- 

meter, and determine in ampdres the current 
from a Daniell's cell. 

11. Find the resistance of the given conductor. 

12. Arrange an experiment to verify the theorem 

termed the parallelogram of forces. 

,y Google 



17^ Board of JSxaminers. 

OandldttUs are not to attempt more than TZV quoBtioBi. 

1. Distmguish between real and apparent expansion, 

and obtain the exact relation between them. 

Describe, and give the theory of the weight 

2. Give an account of the phenomena of phosphor- 

escence and fluorescence. 
Describe Becquerel's phbsphoroscope. 

3. Describe the cycle of operations known as Camot's 

cycle^ pointing out the thermal and mechanical 
changes occurring therein. 

Show that it is perfectly rcTersible. 

What, in general^ are the conditions of rcTcrsi- 

4. Express the mechanical equivalent of heat in terms 

of the difference of the two specific heats of a 
perfect gas. 

6. Explain the method by which temperature may be 
measured independently of the properties of any 
particular body. 

6. Light diverging from a point passes perpen- 
dicularly through a small circular aperture. 
Determine the points of maximum and minimum 
intensity in the axis of the beam on the further 
side of the aperture. 

What is a zone plate ? Describe how to obtain 

,y Google 


7. Explain the production of Newton's rings. 

8. Assuming Biotas theory of terrestrial ma^etism, 

prove that 

tan } = 2 tanX 

where } = angle of dip 

and X = magnetic latitude 

also prove that the total force 


where ^ = the intensity at the magnetic 

9. Describe the quadrant electrometer, and prove the 

formula connecting tlM deflection of the needle 
with the difference of potential of the contiguous 

10. Prove that a battery of E.M.F. e, internal resist- 

ance r, and shunted by a shunt s is equivalent to 

a battery of E.U.F. "TZj ^^^ internal resistance 


11. Describe how to arrange Wheatstone's Bridge^ to 

show the effects of self induction at making and 
at breaking an electric circuit. 

Describe some other methods of exhibiting 
these self induction effects. 

12. Describe the construction and action of any form 

of constant potential dynamo. 

,y Google 

The Board of Examiners* 

Aaawsr fblly and dearly VZITB, and only nixMf of the 
foUowinir questloiiB. 

L State and explain any principles as to the owner- 
ship of property that may be traced to primitiTe 

2. What duties belonged to the office of Aedile ? 

8. Trace briefly the history of the naral power of 

4. Compare the difficulties which Rome had to sur- 

mount in the first Punic War with the difficulties 
which met Napoleon in establishing his empire. 

5. After the battle of Cannae the Romans changed 

their military tactics. In what respects and 
under what leaders? 

6* Compare the policy of Gains Gracchus and of 
Sulla as to senate, judicia, and magistracies 

7. Write a short biographical account of Cicero. 

8. What commodities are largely interehange( 

modem nations which ancient nations did 
interchange or hardly interchanged at all ? 

,y Google 


9. Sketch the history of the movement for the en- 
franchisement of the Italians. 

10. Shew how the Athenian Empire grew out of the 

Confederacy of Delos. What were the main 
grievances of the subjects of Athens against the 
supremacy ? 

11. Oive some account of Grecian mythes, and discuss 

the social conditions under which they appear to 
have grown up. 

12. Trace briefly the history of Ostracism. Why did 

it become disused P Do you know of any modem 
parallel ? 

The Board of Examiners. 

Vot more tluui SZVB of the following quevttons are 
to be attempted. 

1. What are our chief sources of knowledge of 

English history prior to the Norman Conquest ? 
Give a few words of description to each. 

2. Sketch briefly the progress of English conquest in 

Britain during the 5th and 6th centuries. 

<8. What do you consider to have been the essential 
principles of feudalism? How was it that 
feudaUsm was so readily accepted in England? 

,y Google 


4. What parts of the Anglo-Norman constitation are 
to be attributed to Ajiglo-Sazon surviTals ? 

6, Give a brief account of the quarrel between 
' Henry I. and Anselm. Wherein did its chief 
importance lie ? 

6. Write a short history of the .reig^ of Stephen 


7. Trace the circumstances which led to the battle of 


8. Gire some accoimt of the relations of Edward I. 

with Scotland. 

9. Sketch the progress of the Hundred Years' War 

down to the Peace of Bretigny. 

10. Write a short life of Archbishop Arundel. 

11. Trace the history of the Reformation movement 

in England prior to the reign of Henry YIII. 

12. Give a short account of the principal events in 

Irish history from 1640 to 1660 (both inclusive). 

18. What were (1) the obiect, (2) the fate, (3) the 
permanent results of the Exclusion Bill of 1679? 

,y Google 



ITie Board of JSkaminers. 

Vot mor* tluui MTMM qommtUmm mrm to 1m attcmptad. 

1. What importance do you attribute to Roman ideas 

and institutions in the formation of the kingdom 
of England ? 

2. Sketch the history of Danish conquest in the 

British Islands. Did it leave any permanent 

3« Sketch the relations between England and Scotland 
in the first two Tudor reigns. 

4. Describe shortly the system of church gOTemment 

introduced into Scotland by Knox and his 
followers^ and trace its history to the outbreak 
of the civil war. 

5. Describe the policy of the Restoration Government 

of Charles 11. towards Ireland. 

6. What were the chief political dangers which 

William III. had to fear ? 

7. Write a note on the origin and growth of the 

National Debt. 

8. Sketch the political career of St. John (Boling- 


,y Google 


9. How do jou account for the return of the Tories 
to power at the accession of George III. ? 

10. Indicate and account for the successes of the 

^Nationalist party in Ireland during the years 

11. Give a brief account of the political writings of 

Edmund Burke. 

12. Trace the chief successive steps in the organization 

of British rule in India down to the Act of 1858. 

Th$ Board of Bxaminers, 

1. Shew how the efficiency of the labourer is affected 

by external circumstances. 

2. Under what conditions may inventiye industry be 

expected to flourish? 

3. Give an account of the different materials iivhich 

at different times have been used as money^ and 
explain their comparative advantages. 

4. Explain the economic action of competition. 

6. What is meant by the *^ policy of Europe" ? In 
what different ways does the policy of Europe 
occasion inequalities in wages and profits ? 

,y Google 


6* What aie the oonditioiis of exdumgednlitj? 

7. Explain the influence of exchange npon ciq[HtaL 

8* What is socialism, considered from an economic 
standpoint ? 

9. Consider how £Etr the cost of transport operates as 
a protection to native industry. 

10. Consider the probable effect on markets of the 
State becoming the manufacturer of some article 
of commerce. 


PrqfesMT Ma/rshalJrHaU, 

1 . Explain the nature of harmonic and rh^mic accents 

in music. Give three examples of each. 

2. Show that music is an idealization of speech, and 

that emotion is reproduced by similar means in 
both cases. 

8. Copy out bars 1-14 of the Largo of Beethoven's 
Op. 7y carefully marking the gradations of accent, 
and giving a distinct reason for each. 

,y Google 


4. Copy out, and put expression marks, without 
comment, to the melody only of, bars 23-30 of 
the Presto of Beethoven's Op. lO, No. 8, and 
bars 26-30 of the Largo of Op. 2, No. 2. 

6. How should the accents be graduated in bars 9 and 
10 of Op. 10, No. 1 {Alio, molto e con brio) t 
Oive reasons. 

Professor Ma/rshaU-Hall. 
1. Besolve the following Ohords: — 

n ii j^i i ii ii in 

2. (a) Write an Augmented Fifth from- 

(&) A Diminished Sixth from — 



Digitized by Google 


8. Add three parts to the following Bats: — 

& U 1 ° J 




W. < o f ' f 






4. Add three parts below the following melody: — 


(*. r ri\fl 









5. Add three parts to the following Basses: — 

.1 ii,Jp i rJ 



7 7 



f f 


- f— P 



Digitized by dOOQ IC 



^\,i\*. i° ^ 




_y fA 

1 O ' 


3 2 6 

s= TfJ 




r> l^flQ' 


65 9 8 6 6 4 8 

6. Add three parts to the following melodies^ using 
Secondary Chords of the Seventh, and suspen- 
sions where possible : — 





Q gj ■ — o- 


b \iK J J I .^ 

:/ ^A 




Digitized by Google 










ff^r^ Fi 





Profesior Martkall-Hall. 

Two-part Countbbpoint. 

1. Write counterpoints of two and four notes ag^ainst 
one aboTe C.P. (o), and below C.P. (b). 



i<ai« 1 




\*^ i 












Digitized by Google 





J5ZI . CI 

^^ » 





2. Write florid counterpoint below the following 

f>\'r\v[j^^^ \ x^m 








Digitized by Google 

324 annual examination papbb8, 

Thrbe-Part Counterpoint. 

3. Write four notes against one above, and two notes 
against one below, the following G.F. : — 








4. Write two florid parts (a) above, (b) below, (c) one 
part above ana the other below, the following 
C.F. which may be transposed as most con- 
venient : — 












Professor Marshall- Hall. 

1. Analyze minutely, and technically, the last move- 
ment of Beethoven's Op. 13. 

Digitized by Google 


S. Show where this moyement approximates Binary 

8. What is the reason that the different movements of 
a sonata are generally in different keys ? 

4. (a) Analyze hriefly the Minuet and Trio of Op. 2, 
No. 1. 

(b) Show, in as few words as possible, how the 
various separate parts of this form developed; 
their connexion with the Fii^e and Variation 
forms f and ultimate resolution into Binary form. 

Professor MarshaU-JETalL 

1. What is the essential difference between Music and 

the other Fine Arts ? 

2. Why is the *' charming" (as defined by Schopen- 

hauer) inadmissible in Art ? 

3. How are the emotions expressed by music ? 

4. Through Art the artist expresses his emotions in 

such a manner that others can participate in 
them. Discuss to what extent he is enabled to 
do this in Architecture, Sculpture, Paintings 
Poetry, Drama, Music, variously. 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners, 

1. What are the ideas involved in the legal notion 

of a wrong (injuria)? lUastrate your answer 
carefully by examples. 

2. Analyze the notion of Command. Are there any 

laws which are not commands? 

8. How far is it strictly correct to speak of the 
'^sovereignty" of the State? 

4. What are the chief circumstances which generally 
affect the mind of the legislator in fixing the 
sanction to his law ? 

6. What do you understand by an "accessory"? 
State and explain the different classes of acces- 
sories usually recognised. 

6. Explain fully and carefully the legal notion of a 


7. What, to your mind, is the true justification of 

vicarious liability ? 

8. What is meant by the Canon Law? How far is it 

in force in England ? 

9. Distinguish between a public and a private Act of 

Parliament. What is the full meaning of the 
expression " 12 Anne st 3 c. 16" ? 

10. Explain the nature and juristic position of a Trade- 

,y Google 


The Bomd of Exdminers. 

1. Indicate the importance in Public Law of the 

census system attributed to Servius TuUius. 

2. State and explain the essentials of ju8t<g nuptim 

during the Republic. 

3« Explain briefly the position of the preetor with 
regard to law reform. 

4. Sketch the history of the nenatus^omultum as a 

source of law. 

5. Shew how the provincial conquests of the later 

republic influenced the development of Boman 

6. Explain the provisions and objects of the Lea! 

7. Distinguish carefully between hereditas and 

bonorum posseseio. 

8. How far is it true to say that there was no 

criminal law in Rome before the establishment 
of the Empire ? 

9. Explain the process known as in jure cessio, and 

state the occasions on which it was chiefly used. 

10. What were (a) the essentials of and (b) the chief 
rights and duties conferred and imposed by the 
contract of emptio venditio f 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. State and explain the objects of any two pf the 

provisions of the Act of Settlement (12 & 13 
Will. III., c. 2). How far were these objects 

2. Sketch in outline the process bj which the Boyal 

revenue has become mainly dependent upon 
Parliamentary grant. 

3. Upon what principle were the members of what 

is now the House of Lords originally selected? 
Is this principle now in force ? 

4. '^The basis of English representation has never 

been personal, but always organic." Explain. 

6. Trace the history of the attempts made at the 
close of the 18th century to obtain publicity for 
the debates of the House of Commons. 

6. What are the qualifications for, and the chief duties 

attaching to, membership of the British Privy 

7. What do you understand by the royal '^prerog- 

ative" ? What are now its principal incidents? 

5. What tribunal decides disputed election returns to 

the Legislative Assembly of Victoria? How is 
it constituted ? What are the limits of enquiry 
in such cases ? 

,y Google 


9. Describe the process of making* a municipal by-law 
in Victoria. How may such by-law be set aside ? 

10. Are there any^ and, if so^ what means of setting 
aside a statute passed by the Governor and 
P|irliament of Victoria? 

The Board of Examiners, 

1. In order to shew a good title to a ship as prize^ 

what circumstances must the captor prove f 

2. How far do the circumstances determining the 

validity of a treaty agree with those generally 
recognized as essential to the existence of an 
ordinary contract ? 

3. What do you consider to have been the most impor- 

tant recognition of a principle of Public Inter- 
national Law which has occurred during the 
present century ? 

4. Under what conditions are licences to trade 

usually granted during the existence of hostilities? 
What is the penalty if those conditions are 
broken ? 

b. During the war between Great Britain and the 
United States of America, in the year 1814, the 
British General Ross captured Washington, and 

,y Google 


destroyed its national and public buildings. How 
ftrwas this latter act in accordance with the 
laws of war as (1) then, and (2) now under- 

6. What is meant by a ^'commercial blockade "? 

Under what conditions is it now justifiable? 

7. In the case of foreign bills of exchange, what are 

the respective legal systems which, according 
to English Law, determine the rights of^ — 

(a) An acceptor. 

(J) A drawer. 

(c) An indorser who has been compelled to pay, 

and who desires to have recourse to a previous 

indorser ? 

8. Suggest and explain some of the principal con- 

siderations which will influence the court in its 
determination of the domicil of a given person. 

9. An English court is asked to give a decision, the 

ultimate result of which will be to a&dct the 
title to land within a foreign jurisdiction. What 
circumstances will induce it to do so ? 

10. How' is the capacity of a foreign corporation 
determined in a country other than that in wbich 
it was created ? 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 

1.(1) What would be the effect— 

(a) Of a grant of lands ^^ to A to have and to hold 
unto A to the use of A in fee simple " ? 

(h) Of a devise of lands "to A in fee simple"? 

(c) Of a transfer of lands under the provisions of 
the Transfer of Land Act 1890 duly registered 
*'to ^ in fee simple"? 

(2) A the tenant for life of lands, part of which 
lands are under the general law, and part of which 
are under the Transfer of Land Act 1890, executes 
a grant of the lands under the general law and a 
transfer of the lands under the Transfer of Land 
Act 1890, each of which is in the following terms 
"to ^ and J?". 

What is the effect of these instruments respec- 
tively ? 

Give, in each case, the reasons for your answer. 

2. What is requisite to constitute a good assignment 

of a leasehold interest in land ? Give the reasons 
for your answer. 

3. (a) Explain what is meant by an equitable estate 

in lands. 

(5) Give an example of words which would convey 
an equitable estate in fee simple. 

(c) Explain why the words in the example would 
have the desired effect 

,y Google 


4. J. is the mortgagee of lands under the proyisions of 
the Transfer of Land Act 1890. The mortgage 
has been effected by an absolute transfer by 
which A has become registered proprietor and 
a deed of defeasance. The mortgagor having 
made default under the terms of t£e deed of 
defeasance, A is anxious to foreclose. What 
steps ought A to take ? Give the reasons for your 

b. Lands are conveyed to A^ B, and C, and their heirs 
upon trust, and by the settlement in case any of 
the trustees should die, become insolvent^ or be 
desirous of retiring, a power of appointing new 
trustees is vested in the person for tbe time being 
entitled to the receipt ot the rents and profits of 
the lands. A being desirous of retiring, and (?, 
the person for the time being entitled to the 
receipt of the rents and profits of the lands being 
an infant, A gets D to agree to act in his place, 
and conveys his undivided share in the lands to 
D and ms heirs. A afterwards dies. After- 
wards B becomes insolvent, and E is appointed 
his trustee. Afterwards C dies, and administra- 
tion of his estate is granted to F. Afterwards G 
comes of age, and appoints H, I and c/ trustees of 
the settlement. 

What conveyance ought to be executed, and by 
what parties, in order mst the legal estate in the 
lands may be vested in the persons whose duty 
it is to carry out the trusts ? 

Give the reasons for your answer. 

6. Explain what is meant by an estate in reversion, 
and what is meant by an estate in remainder, 
and give an example of each. 

,y Google 


7. Af who is at the time able to pay all his debts, 

receives a legacy of £10,000. A^ by deed, in 
consideration of natural love and affection, con- 
veys £5,000, part of this legacy, to X and Y 
upon trust to invest the same and pay the income 
to By the then wife of A^ during ner life for her 
separate use^ and after her death to stand 
possessed of the corpus for the issue of the 
marriage, and, in case there should be no such 
issue who being sons or a son should attain 
the age of 21 vears, or being daughters or a 
daughter should, attain that age or marry, for 
A his executors and administrators. A invests 
the residue of the £5,000 in the purchase of 
shares in a joint stock company at that time in 
good credit, but which afterwards fails, and As 
estate is sequestrated for the benefit of his 
creditors, between three and four years after the 
settlement. What interest, if any, does As 
trustee in insolvency take in the property com- 
prised in the settlement ? Give the reasons for 
your answer. 

8. A duly makes his will. He afterwards marries. 

Afterwards he duly makes another will, which 
does not make any mention of the former will. 
Afterwards Ay being on his death bed, directs 
an attendant to burn the second will with the 
object of revoking it, which the attendant does in 
his presence accordingly. The contents, however, 
can be proved by the draft. What, if any, 
testamentary papers would be entitled to pro- 
bate at the last will of ^^ Oive the reasons 
for your answer. 

9. Ay who is carrying on business as a draper, 

borrows £500 of By and to secure re-payment ojf 

,y Google 


it and interest, gives jB a bill of sale oyer his 
stock-in-trade. The bill of sale is registered 
under the provisions of Part VI. of the Instru- 
ments Act 1890. A remains in possession of the 
stock-in-trade. Afterwards C, another creditor 
of Ay recovers judgment against him, and causes 
the stock-in-trade to be seized and sold by the 
sherifi; when it is purchased by C for £100. C 
takes the following objections to the validity of 
the bill of sale:— (1) That there is no attesting 
witness to it. (2) That A is described in the 
affidavit and bill of sale as residing at High- 
street, St. Eilda, whereas, as a fact, he resided 
at High-street, Prahran. Assuming that, apart 
from these objections, the bill of sale is duly 
registered, who is entitled to the goods comprised 
in it ? Give the reasons for your answer. 

10. What is the general effect of the Acts now em- 

bodied in Part XI. of the Instruments Act 1 890, 
generally known as the Factors Acts, relating to 
sales and pledges of goods by factors and agents? 

11. Aj who is seized of lands in fee simple, and is 

possessed of goods and chattels, and also has 
debts owing to him, and has also a wife and 
infant children, and who also owes money, is 
convicted of felony. In what ways, if at all, can 
all or any of the property of A be applied in 
payment of his debts, and the support of his 
wife and family? Give the reasons for your 

12. Explain the meaning of the following terms: — 

Emblements, Fixtures, Equitable mortgage, 
Administrator de bonis rum, Hotchpot Clause (in 
a settlement). Certificate of Registry (of a ship). 

,y Google 



The Board of Examiners. 

[ Wherever possible, give the reasons for your answer,'] 

1. Discuss and illustrate the statement that Contract 

is the result of the concurrence of Agreement 
and Obligation. 

2. J. is the executor of Bs estate. B shortly before 

his death owed C the sum of £100. U applies 
to A for payment of the debt, and Ay on C 
threatening to bring an action against A^ as Bs 
executor, and in consideration of C forbearing to 
bring such action, signs and hands to C the 
following promise in writing: — "I personally 
undertake to pay C the sum of £100 owed to 
him by By whose executor I am. (Signed) A^ 
C afterwards sues A personally for the amount. 
Can A successAilIy defend the action ? 

3. X intending to buy some cloth at Y^s store went 

into the store of Z by mistake, and after looking 
at various samples agreed to purchase cloth to 
the value of £20, paid the amount to Z, and 
took away the cloth. Immediately afterwards, 
discovering his mistake, X offered to return the 
cloth to Zy and demanded his money, alleging 
that he intended to deal with F, but Z remsed 
either to receive the cloth or return the money. 
Has X any remedy ? 

4. State the main characteristics of and distinguish 

between {a) Fraud; {V) Duress; {c) Undue 

,y Google 


5. State and illustrate the rules applicable to a case 

where the direct object of a contract is innocent 
but the intention is unlawful. 

6. Where the parties to a contract have in such con- 

tract fixed a sum to be paid by one to the other 
on the non-performance of one of the former's 
promises, state the rules by which jou would 
ascertain whether the latter could on the non- 
perfiDrmance of such promise recover the whole 
or only part of such sum. 

7. To what extent are the rights of a creditor affected 

when he takes from his debtor a negotiable 
instrument in payment of the sum due ? 

8. State briefly the modes in which a contract may 

be discharged. 

9. State shortly the nature and extent of the liability 

at Common Law of Common Carriers. 

10. Give definitions of the following terms: — 

(a) Promissory note. 

(b) Holder in due course. 

(c) An Inland Bill of Exchange. 

(d) A qualified acceptance. 

11. Discuss and illustrate the main principle^ and rules 

relating to the liability of a person who allows 
himself to be held out as a partner of other 

12. What are the statutory provisions relating to the 

mode in which an incorporated trading company 
may enter into contracts binding the company? 

,y Google 


The Board of JSxaminers, 

1. A rolled joist 12 inches deep, web i inch thick^ 

top and bottom members 6 inches wide, by | inch 
thick, is supported at each end, and a test piece 
will stand 18 tons to the square inch in tension. 

(a) What is a safe uniformly distributed load ? 

(b) What would be a safe load applied 6 feet from 
one end 7 

(tf) If it were supported at each end and at the 
centre, what would be a safe uniformly distributed 

2. Write a short essay on the designing of eye-bars. 

8. Describe a machine suitable for testing wrought and 
cast iron, timber, &c., pointing out precautions 
to be taken in designing such a machine. 

4. Determine the stresses on the girder shown below* 
What bars, if any, are redundant? Suppose the 
weights were applied at the upper panel points, 
what modification would you suggest? 

Describe Schwedler's treatment of riveted joints,, 
and design one in a bar 6 inches wide to transmit 
80 tons. 

,y Google 


6. Describe the different methods of strengthening 

boiler flues, and state which yon consider the 
best, givmg reasons. 

7. How would you proceed to design a concrete dam 

for a reservoir? 

Tke Board of Examiners, 

1 . Give the weights per cubic foot of the substances 

commonly met with in engineering practice. 

Give any short rules you may remember for 
taking out the weights of plate and bar iron. 

2. Shew by an imaginary example, how you would 

take out the quantity of material in an irregular 
excavation, such as a quarry, about 4 chains square 
and 12 feet deep. 

5. The tank of a water-tower is made of plate iron 
-]^ in. thick; its diameter is* 20 feet, depth at 
side 20 feet, and in centre 28 feet, the bottom 
being a segment of a sphere; the overflow is 
6 inches from the top. Galcidate the capacity 
of the tank, and its weight when empty and 
when full. 

4. Take out the quantities of the Model before you. 

,y Google 



The Board of Examiners. 

1. Two geared wheels, whose pitch-circles are 2 feet 

and 3 feet in diameter, are working into one 
another; there are 54 teeth in the larger wheel, 
and 36 in the smaller. Draw profiles to natural 
scale of two teeth of each wheel. 

2. An observer, 5 feet in height, is standing on the 

floor of a room; and a rectangle, 6 feet by 3 feet, 
is drawn on the floor, with its nearest comer at 
a distance of 15 feet from him; the longer side 
is inclined at an angle of 30^ to the line of sight, 
which passes through the near comer. Draw 
this object as it will appear to the observer when 
his eye is at a distance of 9 inches from the 
plane of the paper, which is supposed to be 

3. Make an isometrical drawing of the model before 

you to a scale one-fourth natural size. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Make working drawings of one 16 feet span of a 

pile bridge for a single line of railway similar to 
those in use on the Victorian railways ; height 
of line above ground, 10 feet. 

2. Take out the quantities in one span of the above 



,y Google 


The Board of ExaTtwnars. 

1. Discuss ftilly the relative merits of the ^^chess- 

board'* and *' spider's web" arrangement of the 
streets of a city. 

2. What are the lessons to be learned as regards the 

laying out of towns from the recent disastrous 
flood on the Yarra? What precautions should 
be taken in yiew of the possible recurrence of 
such a flood ? 

8. Two straight lines meet at an angle of 120°. Show 
how to set out a circular curve of 10 chains 
radius to connect them without using a theo- 
dolite, giving all necessary formulsB. 

4. What is the object of the " descriptive survey " of 

a line of railway ? How is such a survey made? 

5. How do you proceed in order to lay out a water 

channel having a given fall in hilly country ? 

6. Show, by a sketch, the form assumed by the 

hydraulic grade of a pipe of varying diameter, 
and explain the cause and meaning of its various 

7. Describe some convenient way of determining the 

true meridian, using a transit theodolite. What 
special precautions are needed to ensure 
accuracy ? 

8. Describe the usual apparatus employed and methods 

used in tide-gauging. 

,y Google 


The Board of Exammen. 

1. Draw a vertical seotion along the centre of the 

telescope of a dumpy level, and show by a 
diagram the path of a ray of light through the 

2. Describe the aneroid, and show how you would use 

it in preliminary explorations for ^engineering 
work, stating iiilly the precautions which must 
be taken to ensure accuracy. 

3. Describe carefully the method of surveying^ by 

** coordinates/' and point out some of the advan- 
tages and disadvantages of this system. 

4. Supply the missing information, compute the area, 

and plot the figure to scale^ 5 chains to 1 inch^ of 
the following closed block: — 

N. 88° 15' E., 1478 (bearing missing), 1896; 

8. 10° 12' E., 1627; N. 79° 15' W. (length 

5. Describe briefly the method of carrying on a trial 

survey for a line of railway in rough country. 

,y Google 


The Board of Exammers, 

1. Discuss the subject of the proper slope of the sides 

of cuttings in sand, clay, bluestone, and stratified 

2. What do you mean by a *' hopper dredge ? " Discuss 

the relative advantages of hopper dredges and 
ordinary dredges, witii barges to carry the silt. 

8. Name the principal explosives used in rock excava- 
tion. Describe their peculiarities, mode of use, 
and the precautions taken to minimise danger. 

4. Write a short essay on the use of bolts in timber 


5. Describe fully the mode of making and testing 

cast iron water-pipes. What defects are most 
likely to occur in them ? 

6. Contrast the properties of cast iron, wrought iron, 

mild steel, and tool steel. 

7. What is meant by ashlar, block in course, and 

rubble masonry? What precautions should be 
taken to secure good worK in each of these in- 
stances ? 

8. What is meant by " bond," in brickwork ? Show, 

by sketches, the various bonds in common use in 
Walls from 4^ to 18 inches thick. 

,y Google 



The Board of Examirters, 

1. Draw up specifications for the maintenance of a 
metalled road for medium tra£So in a hilly dis- 

Describe how you would form and maintain 
the road if the traffic were (1) very light. 

2. Design a single span iron road bridge of 60 feet 

span, with 20 feet clear roadway, together with 
suitable abutments and approaches for the follow- 
ing case : — 

R.L. Creek bed, 200 feet. 

Summer level, 210 feet. 

Highest flood-mark, 230 feet. 

Right bank, 230 feet. 

Left bank, 220 feet. 
The right bank is clay to a depth of 4 feet, on 
firm rock ; the left bank is alluvial to a depth of 
20 feet. The low ground extends for a distance 
of 5 chains from the river, and this is the 
narrowest portion of the river flats. 

3. (a) Make sketches and give a description of ^ 

light-house suitable for erection on a shiftincf sand, 
and shew how you would proceed wim the 
erection of it. 
{h) How would you proceed to erect a breakwater 
consisting of concrete blocks in a situation 
exposed to heavy gales and strong currents ? 
Describe the necessary plant. 

Note. — Candidates are to attempt only one 
division of question 3. 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners, 

1. Describe briefly the principal types of water-wheels, 

stating roughly the best efficiency obtained with 

2. Describe briefly the difierent kinds of turbines. 

Why has a greater efficiency been obtained than 
fiankine and Weisbech anticipated ? 

3. Give a sketch of Hooke's universal joint. What 

are its disadyantages ? In what class of 
machinery is it most used, and why is it suitable 
for this class 7 

4. A steam-engine is required to develop 100 indicated 

horse-power, the boiler pressure is 120 lbs., cut- 
off at quarter stroke. Determine dimensions of 
the cylinder, piston-rod, and connecting-rod. 

5. Describe the original Otto and Langen gas-engine, 

and give the reason of its efficiency. 

6. Make sketches and give a description of a modern 

marine boiler. 

7. How would you proceed to carry out a fair engine 

test ? Describe all the apparatus required. 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 

It is required to erect a concrete wall across a rocky 

forge in Victoria, for the purpose of storing water, 
he width is 1,000 feet, and depth of water stored 
100 feet. Concrete of specific gravilnr 2*26 can 
be obtained. The distance from the face of the 
wall to the opposite end of the reservoir is one 
mile, the direction being that of the most severe 
winds. Give a section suitable for the dam, and 
show how it should be modified in the event of 
the dam being erected in a country exposed to 
severe frosts. 

It is required to provide a water supply for a com- 
pact town with 2,000 inhabitants, situated on the 
nigh bank of a constantly running river, and 
distant 10 chains from the summer channel, the 
intermediate ground being liable to floods. The 
country may be assumed to be flat, and a gravita- 
tion supply impracticable. The town is 40 feet 
above summer level, and 10 feet above the highest 
flood mark. Describe how you would supplv the 
town, mentioning particularly the amount, eleva- 
tion, and character of storage provided, the 
character and size of the machinery requirea, the 
nature and size of inlet provided, ana the sizes 
of connexions between pump, storage, and town. 

Describe briefly the method of manufacturing small- 
sized cast-iron pipes, paying particular attention 
to the precautions which must be taken to secure 
good castings. 

,y Google 


Mention the principal defects to which such 
castings are liaole, and state how you would 
proceed in inspecting and testing them. 

4. What are the adyantages and disadvantages of the 
following methods of sewage disposal — 

(a) Chemical Process. 

(b) Downward Filtration. 

(c) Sewage Farming. 

(cf ) Discharge into the Sea. 

Mr, WiUiam Nicholas. 

1. Give some information regarding the nature of 

chutes of ore, and the geological circumstances 
that have been found to affect them. 

2. Describe briefly the construction of diamond drills, 

and how they are worked. 

3. Explain the working of a mine on the pillar and 

stall system, and state under what circumstances 
this method is employed. 

4. How would you put in a drive in loose ground ? 

Illustrate by a diagram. 

,y Google 


5. Under what circumstances would it be advisable 

to unwater a mine bj means of — 

(a) A syphon. 

(b) A tank. 

(c) A pulsometer. 

6. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of 

hempen and wire ropes for hauling purposes. 

7. Describe a Frue Yanner, and illustrate description 

bj a sketch. 

8. Sketch a safety-hook^ and 

9. An over- winding brace^ and describe the benefits 

derived by their use. 

10. Give description of a Cornish fiue boiler. State 

the general test pressure in pounds per square 
inch of a new boiler made of best quality iron^ 
and its safe working pressure. 

11. Sketch in section a shaft with main and escape 

drives of an alluvial mine. Describe the reasons 
for their construction. 

12. What are the beam and balance bob of a pumping 
engine^ and describe how they are connected r 

13. What kinds of rock re(]^uire gunpowder or nitro- 

glycerine compounds tor blasting; state reasons 
for using each explosive. 

Note. — ^The values of replies to questions will be 
enhanced by the styles of writing, composition, 
and sketches. 

,y Google 


The Board of ExamvMTB. 

1. Explain fully the terms metal and alloy. State the 

composition of brass, pewter, gun-metal, and 
standard gold. 

2. Describe fully the assay of coal. 

3. What is cerussite ? How may the metal it contains 

be extracted? Give the chief physical and 
chemical properties of the metal. 

4. How is silver extracted from a copper matt? 

5. Describe two methods for the conversion of cast 

iron into malleable iron. 

6. Describe fully how you would proceed if required 

to make an assay of some auriferous quartz. 

7. Give the names and formulae of the chief ores of 

the following metals: — ^Tin, copper, lead, silver. 


The Jjuard of ExanmveTi^. 

1. Give an account of the Structure and Functions of 

the Ol&ctory Mucous Membrane. 

2. How does diet affect the excretion of urea ? 

,y Google 


3. Contrast the Respiration and Nutrition in infancy^ 

youth, manhood, and old age. 

4. What are the functions of the grey matter situated 

along the Aqueduct of Sylvius ? 

5. Contrast Lean Beef, Rice, and Potatoes as force- 

producing foods. 

6. What is the difference between Tetanus and simple 

muscular contraction ? 

Illustrate your annvers by as many diagrams as 


The Board of ExomwMTS. 

Part I. 

1. What are the chief differences between human 

milk and cow's milk ? 

How may they be demonstrated ? 

What domestic animal gives milk similar to 
human milk in composition and chemical 
characteristics ? 

2. What are the essential features of all the digestive 

processes ? 

What are their values ? 

,y Google 


Part II. 

1. What do you understand by connectiye tissues ? 

Describe minutely any two of them and 
enumerate the remainder. 

2. Give an account of the structure of the cortex of 

the cerebum and cerebellum. 

Uluitrate your antwen by as many diagrams as 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Describe the chief experiments that have been per- 

formed upon frogs in order to demonstrate the 
vascular changes which occur during inflamma- 

2. Discuss calcification as a pathological process. 

3. Describe the appearance, microscopic structure, and 

history of uterine myomata. 

4. Describe the process of detachment of sequestra in 

necrosis of bone. 

5. Describe in detail the processes which occur in 

adhesive pleurisy. 

6. Describe the changes produced in the valves of the 

heart by endocarditis. 

,y Google 



The Board of Examiners. 

1. Describe the structures uniting the bodies of the 


2. Describe the ligaments uniting the scapula to the 


3. Describe the ligaments of the ankle. 

4. Describe the movements which occur at the 

temporo-maxillaiy joints and name the muscles 
by which they are severally produced. 

5. Describe the origins^ insertions^ relations, and 

functions of the following muscles: — Temporal; 
hyoglossus; serratus magnus ; extensor secundi 
intemodiipoUicis; rectus abdominis; diaphragm; 
adductor magnus ; extensor proprius pollicis. 


The Board of Examiners. 

Describe the steps of a dissection of each of the 
follpwing regions, naming in order the structures 
displayed, and stating their relations to one 
another, but not describing them in detail : — 

{a) The back of the forearm. 

(h) The popliteal region. 

,y Google 


2. Deeciibe the origin, coorse, relations, branches, and 

anastomoses of the snperior mesenteric artery. 

3. Describe the azygos yeins. 

4. Describe the origin, course^ relations^ branches, and 

communications of the spinal accessory nerve. 

5. Describe the movements of the shoulder joint, and 

name the muscles by which they are severally 

6. Describe the lobules, fissures, and ligaments of the 


7. Describe the vagina and its relations. 


The Board of Examiners. 

!• Describe the superficial origins of the cranial nerves. 

2. Describe the pharynx. 

3. Describe the cutaneous nervous supply of the upper 


Digitized by Google 


4. Describe the steps of the dissection necessary to 

expose the kidney from behind. Name in order 
the several structures met with^ and state their 
relations to one another. 

5. Discuss the Surgical Anatomy of femoral hernia. 

6. State the normal weights of the heart, lungS; liver, 

and spleen. 

7. Describe the movements of the foot, and name the 

muscles by which they are severally produced. 

BIOLOGY.— Pabt I. 
The Board of ExaminerB. 

1. What is a Proteid ? Give an account of the method 

of nutritipn in plants. 

2. Describe as &r as you can the development and 

adult structure of the portion of the alimentary 
canal derived from hypoblast in the following 
forms: — (1) Hirudo^ (2) Astacus; (3) Amphi* 

3. What worms do you know of which pass through 

any stage in their life history parasitic in man ? 
State in each case the particular stage passed 
through in man, and the other, if any, host in 
which each also lives. Describe in detail the 
structure and life history of not more than one 
such parasite. 

Digitized by 



4. Describe the development and adult structure of 

the heart and main arterial vessels in the frog. 

5. What are, and how do you distinguish between 

a) Archenteron and Enteron; (2) Anus and 
oaca? In what animals are such structures 
respectively present ? Give a brief description 
of the structures, and of the parts immediatelv 
connected with them, in the particular animals 
you name. 

6. Describe the structure of the reproductive organs 

in the frog, and give a brief account of the 
development of the Kidney and its ducts, and their 
relation to the reproductive organs. 

7. Describe the structure and life history of a mould. 

8. Describe the development of the mesoblast in (1) 

Amphiozufl, (2) rVog, (3) a Bird. 

BIOLOGY.— Paet I. 

(Laboratory Work.) 

The Board of Examiners, 

1. Dissect the specimens provided so as to show (1) 

the digestive system; (2) the reproductive and 
nervous systems. Mount a nephridium. 

2. Make preparations to show the structure of the 

specimen labelled B. 

3. Identify and briefly describe the specimens labelled 

C, D, E, F. 

,y Google 



First Paper. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Gire an account of the structure, distribution, and 

life history of Salpa. 

2. Describe fully the structure of Aplt/siuj pointisg 

out how far it agrees witJi and how far it differs 
from that of a form which might be regarded as 
typical mollusc. 

8. Give the characteristic features of the Girripedia, 
and of the main divisions of the group. Describe 
carefully the structure of not more than th^ee 
examples of the group, chosen so as to show the 
chief variations in form and structure within the 
limits of the group. 

4. Describe the structure of the kidney and kidney 

ducts in (1) Petromyzon; (2) Scyllium; (3) an 
osseous fish 3 (4) a bird^ indicating the signifi- 
cance of rudimentary structures found in the 
different forms in connection with the kidney. 

5. What are the characteristic features of the Cephalo- 

poda ? Describe the structure of Nautilus, and 
compare it briefly with that of Sepia. 

6. Describe the development and adult form of the 

vertebrae and vertebral column in (1) Seyllium; 
(2) Lepidosteus; (3) Amia; (4) an osseous fish; 
(5) Amphibia (living and extinct). 

AA 2 

,y Google 


BIOLOGY.— Pabt in. 

Second Paper. 

V.B.— Vot mor« thaa Tm ^iMstioiui must 1m anawmrod. 

1. Write a short essay on the distribution of marine 

animals, pointing out the characteristic features 
* of the littoral, pelagic, and abyssal faunas, and 
the relations which mese bear to one another. 

2. Enumerate and define approximately the zoological 

regions and sub-regions of the earth's surface as 
giyen by Wallace. 

3. State the arguments for and against the belief in 

the genentl permanence of continents, giving 
instances of comparatively recent changes in the 
distribution of land and sea. 

4. State and account for the characteristic peculiarities 

in the £Eiuna of oceanic islands. 

5. Give some account of the fauna of the Ethiopian 


6. Give, as nearly as you can, the distribution at the 

present day of the humming birds, lemurs, tapirs, 
marsupials, dipnoids, monotremes, and ratitae, 
indicating, as rar as you can, the areas ia which 
the different members of these groups are met 

,y Google 


Third Paper. 

Th/R Board of Examiners, 

1. Describe fully the maturation of the ovum in the 

case of not more than two animals. Discuss the 
different views held with regard to the signifi- 
cance of the polar vesicles. 

2. Describe the development of the sperm in (1) a 

coelenterate; (2) the frog; (3) Melix; (4) an 

3. Taking instances from amongst both animals and 

plants, trace out the gradual differentiation of two 
distinct sexual elements. Is there any evidence 
as to the time at which in the development of the 
individual the reproductive cells become separated 

4. How are eggs classified with regard to the amount 

of food-yelk present ? Give examples and point 
out in each case the influence on development of 
the amount present. 

5. Describe carefuUv the development of the venous 

system in the fowl. 

6. Describe the development of the ovum in the ovary 

of (1) hydra ; . (2) nematode worm ; (3) an earth- 
worm; and (4) a vertebrate. 

,y Google 



(Laboratory Work.) 

First Paper. 

The Board of Examiners, 

1. Dissect the specimens provided^ so as to show as 

much as possible of their structure. 

2. Identify and briefly describe the specimens labelled 

A, B, 0, D. 

3. Identify and briefly describe the external anatomy of 

the specimens labelled E, F, G, H. Mount the 
appendages of K 


(Laboratory Work.) 

Second Paper. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Dissect and make preparations of the specimen 

labelled A, so as to snow as much as possible of 
its structure. Identify it. 

2. Gut sections of specimen B. Identify it and briefly 

describe not more than three typical sections. 

3. Identify and briefly describe specimens labelled C, 

D, E, F, G. 

,y Google 


CHEMI8TEY.— Part I. 
The Board of Examiners. 

1. State the law of Dulong and Petit. 

The specific heats of tin, nickel^ and lead are 
respectively '065, -108, and •031; and the 
atomic weight of tin is 118. Calculate the 
approximate atomic weights of nickel and lead. 

2. Give the equation for the action of hot sulphuric 

acid o|i calcium oxalate. 

Calculate the total volume of gas (at standard 
conditions) obtainable by the above reaction from 
that quantity of the oxalate which would, if 
strongly heated by itself, yield 14 grammes of 
quick-lime. [Given that the atomic weight of 
calcium is 40, and that one gramme of hycbo^n, 
at standard conditions, occupies 11*16 litres.] 

3k Give a short account of the occurrence, composition, 
properties, and chief practical applications of any 
three of the following substances: — (a) Nitre, 
(J) fluorspar, {c) green vitriol, {d) pyrolusite, 
{e) galena. 

4. Compare and contrast phosphorus and arsenic, 

havinff regard to the elements themselves and 
also tneir chief compounds. 

5. Explain fully the following facts: — 

(a) The yellow sulphide of tin is soluble in yellow 
ammonium sulphide solution. 

,y Google 


(b) The brown sulphide of tin is insoluble in 
colourless, but soluble in yellow, ammonium 
sulphide solution. 

6. A g^ is prepared by the action of hydrochloric 

acid on marble, and is dried by passing through 
sulphuric acid; it is then led slowly through 
a tube containing red-hot charcoal; thence 
through a second tube containing red-hot cupric 
oxide ; and finally into a bottle containing cal- 
cium hydroxide solution. Describe fully fdl the 
changes that occur, and give equations. 

7. Describe what happens in each of the following 

cases, and give equations where possible: — 

(a) Sodium acetate is heated with sulphuric acid. 

(b) Sodium acetate is heated with sulphuric acid 
and alcohol. 

(e) Sodium acetate solution is submitted to electro- 

(d) A mixture of solid sodium acetate and sodium 
hydroxide is heated to redness. 

,y Google 


CHEMISTEY.— Pabt I: Labobatobt Wobk.— Pass. 

The Board of Examiners. 

Examine thoroughly each of the substances marked 
Ay Bj and C respectively. Pay particular atten- 
tion to the preliminary and blowpipe examination. 

Give a full written report of your work^ arranging it 
in three parallel columns headed respectively 
"Experiment," "Result,'* "Inference." 

Only such abbreviations may be employed as 
are in general use among chemists. 

No credit wiU be ^ven for a correct result 
unless correct and sufficient reasons be given in 
support of it. 


The Board of Examiners, 

1. State what you know as to the actions of JSxpeC' 

tarantSf EmeticSj Respiratory Stimulants, and 
Respiratory Depressants, 

2. Coca. Give its source, composition, officinal pre- 

parations, chief actions, and uses. 

,y Google 


3. What are the special actions and uses of Iodine and 

its componnos ? Name the officinal Iodides^ and 
give their preparations. 

4. Give an account of the officinal substances obtained 

from the class Inaeeta. 

5. Describe the preparation and theactions of iSu^Attric 


Papbb I. 

The Boa/rd of Examiners. 

1. Give the uses and preparations of Arsenic, Cocaine, 
Chloral, Phosphorus. 

3. Discuss the therapeutic actions of Mercury, lodinOi 
Gelsemium, Gentian. 

3. Describe the different kinds of Baths and their uses. 

,y Google 


Paper II. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Describe fully the different phases of the digestive 


2. How can we influence digestion medicinally ? 

3. Discuss the influence of cooking upon the different 

kinds of food. 

4. What is the '^minimum air space''? How is it 

arrived at ? 

5. What do you know of the modes of entrance and of 

exit of the main infectious diseases ? 

6. Discuss the sexual instinct as a factor of personal 



The Board of Examiriera. 

1. What are the pathological changes observed in 
Rickets ? Detail some of the bone deformities 
met with in this affection. What treatment 
should be enjoined in a child aged, say five 
months, showing symptoms of raomtis ? 

,y Google 


2. What are the causes and symptoms of stricture of 

the rectam ? 

3. If suddenly called to a case of retention of urine 

from oif;anic strictore of the urethra, what 
remedial measures would you adopt ? 

4. Descrihe the pathological appearances of a joint in 

simple^ chronic, and suppuratire arthritis. 

5. Classify hums according to the system of Dupuy- 

tren. What are the causes of death in severe 

6. Abscess. What is meant by Metastasic, Caseous, 

Chronic, Residual, Cold, and Tympanic Abscesses ? 
Give briefly the causes, symptoms, and nature of 
these pus collections. 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. Give the divisions of the decidua, and describe their 


2. Describe the different positions which the foetus 

may occupy in utero, and in each case mention 
where the foetal heart is most audible. 

,y Google 


S. In pelvic presentations give the positions of the 
child, the prognosis, causes of foetal mortality 
and treatment. 

4. Briefly describe the conditions and treatment of 

defective development of the female generative 

5. In a case of Retroflexion of the uterus what com- 

plications might be present, and what treatment 

6. When the suckled child vomits or is purged, what 

treatment would you advise ? 

The Board of Excmmera. 

1. Describe the causes, symptoms, and diagnosis of 


2. What is the nature of the condition commonly 

known as alcoholic paralysis? Describe its 
symptoms and treatment. 

8. Give the main points in the differential diagnosis of 
bronchitis, pneumonia, and pleurisy. 

,y Google 


4. Deseribe the diagnosis and treatment of whooping 

oongfay including its complications. 

5. Discnss the chief points in the causation^ diagnosis, 

and treatment of abscess of the lirer. 

6. Give an account of the treatment, dietetic and 

medicinal, of a case of diabetes. 


The Bomrd of Meaminers, 

1 . What are the usual causes of apncea, and what are 

the appearances indicative of death from this 
condition ? 

2. Enumerate the several influences which retard or 

accelerate the putrefactive process. 

3. From an inspection of the skeleton of an adult, 

what are the points to be looked to in determining 
the question of age ? 

4. In a case of alleged rape, what precautions are to be 

observed in the examination of the woman, so as 
to avoid arriving at an erroneous conclusion ? 

,y Google 


5. Describe circumstantially all the appearances indi- 

cative of maturity in the dead boay of a new-born 

6. What is mania^ and what is dementia, and what 

are the points of difference between the two 
conditions ? 

7. Which of the irritants is most commonly employed 

in chronic poisoning, and with what diseases are 
the symptoms not unlikely to be confounded ? 

,y Google 



ProfeuoT ElUngton. 

1. Examine the relative advantages of the direct and 

the inverse deductive methods in social science. 

2. State the claims of political economy to be called 

a formal science. 

3. Is there, or can there be, a science of human 

nature ? 

4. Consider the importance of security as a condition 

of productiveness of labour. 

5. Criticise the statement that all capital comes from 


6. Discuss the conditions of the successful manage- 
ment of joint-stock companies. 

7. Indicate the various ways in which voluntary 
services contribute to the supply of public needs. 
What are the limits to those services ? 

S. Discuss the various methods of industrial concilia- 

,y Google 


9. Give some account of Ricardo's contributions to 
economic science. 

10. Give as careful an analysis as you can of the cost 

of production. 

11. Consider the expediency of raising the present 

revenue of Victoria by a single income-tax which 
would take the place of all existing taxes. 

12. Mr. Mill saw ^' no objection to declaring that the 

future increment of rent should be liable to 
special taxation." What are his reasons ? Do 
you agree with them '( 

Professor Mkington. 

XMsonss oareftilly and ftilly not more tlian 8ZX of tlio 
foUowinir sulOiJoots. 

1. The Black Deaths considered as to its political, 

social, and industrial results. 

2. The history of the English poor laws. Consider 

fdso how far, if at all, those laws embody a true 
principle as to the relief of indigence. 

3. The progress of agriculture in Great Britain during 

the eighteenth century. 


,y Google 


4. A short historical account of the g^wth and de- 

Telopment of the woollen manufacture in 

5. The influences of modem society on the rate of 


6. The probable effects upon industry in Australia of 

an extended use of labour-saving machineiy in 

7. The effect upon an industrial community of the 

existence within it of a criminal class. 

8. The chief economic functions of modern banks. 

Consider this subject also with reference to 
Victorian banking. 

9. The political doctrines of Edmund Burke. 

Profe88or Elkington. 

1. Give a short classification of the sciences. 

2. Shew in what different ways human emotions tend 

to pervert human beliefs. 

3. Consider the origin and development of a distri- 

buting system in the social organism. 

,y Google 


4. Compare English legislation during the genera- 

tion which preceded the Crimean War with that 
of the generation which succeeded that event 
from the point of view of increased individual 

5. Give some account of the doctrines and influence 

of the Physiocratic school of French economists. 

6. Consider Edward the Third as a commercial 


7. Consider Oliver Cromwell as a commercial legis- 


8. Trace the history of the Land Tax in England. 

9. Give some account of Walpole's Excise scheme. 

10. Discuss the history and the policy of the Bank 
Restriction Act 1797. 

By Aathority : Robt. S. Bkain, Government Printer, ICelbonxBe. 

,y Google 

,y Google 

,y Google 

,y Google 

,y Google 




FEBRUARY, 1892. 









,y Google 



School of Classics and Phihlog^'^ 
Greek Translation 
Latin Translation 
Unprepared Translation 
Greek Composition . . . 
Greek Verse Composition 
Latin Composition 
Latin Verse Composition 
Comparatiye Philology 
Greek and Roman Literature 
General Puper 

School of Mathematics' 
Mathematics. — ^Paper L 
Mathematics. — Paper II. 
Mathematics.— Paper m. 
Mathematics. — ^Paper IV. 
Mathematic8.^Paper V. 
Mathematics.— Papev VI. 

School of Natural PhiiosqpAp-^ 
Naltural Philosophy. — General Physics and Heat 
Natural Philosophy. — Sound and Light .•. 
Natural Philosophy .^Electricity and Magnetism 
Natural Philosophy. — ^El ectric Lighting 
Natural Philosophy.— Practical— First Day 
Natural Philosophy.— Practical— Second Day . . 






,y Google 


Final Hohoub Examinatioh in Abts— c<m<mife(£— 

. School of History f PoUHeal Economy ^ and Juritpmdenee — 

Paper No. 1 ... 
Paper No. 2 ... 

Paper No. 8 ... 
Paper No. 4 ... 
Paper No. 5 ... 
Paper No. 6 ... 


School of English, French, and Oerman — 

English— First Paper ... ... ... ... 58 

English — Second Paper ... ... ... 60 

English— Third Paper ... ... ... 62 

English — Fourth Paper ... ... ... 65 

French — ^First Paper ... ... ... 65 

French — Second Paper ... ... ... 71 

Glerman — ^First Paper ... ... ... 77 

German— Second Paper ... ••• ••• 82 

School of Logic and Mental and Moral' Philoeophy^- 

L — Formal Logic ... ... ... ... 87 

n. — Indnctiye Logic... ... ... ... 89 

IIL — ^Psychology ... ... ... ... 90 

IV. — ^Metaphysics ... ... ... ... 92 

v.— Moral Philosophy ... ... ... 93 

VL— History of Modem Philosophy ... ... 94 

VLl — ^History of Ancient Philosophy ... ... 95 

School of Natural Science — 

Chemistry.— First Paper ... ... ... 96 

Chemistry. — Second Paper ... ... ... 97 

Physical Geology and Mineralogy ... ... 98 

Stratigraphical Geology and Palaeontology ... 99 

,y Google 


FiKAL HoNouB Examination in Laws— p«8« 

International Law ... ... ... ... loo 

The Law of Wrongs ... ... ... .«. 102 

The Doctrines of Equity and the General Prin- 
ciples of Procedure ... ... ... 105 

The Law of Property ... ... ... 107 

The Law of Obligations ... ... ... 112 

Jurisprudence .« ... ... ... 116 

Honour Examination in Medicine — 

Theory and Practice of Medicine ... ... 117 

Clinical Medicine. — Cases for Commentary ... 118 

Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Children . . . 120 

Forensic Medicine and Psychological Medicine ... 120 

HoNOUB Examination in Subobbt— 

Surgery ... ... ... ... 121 

Surgery— Cases for Commentary ... ... 122 

HoNOUB Examination in Engineering — 

Adyanced Surveying ... ... ... ... 123 

Mechanical Drawing and Descriptiye Geometry ... 124 

Applied Mechanics. — First Paper ... ... 125 

Applied Mechanics. — Second Paper ... ... 1 26 

Ciyil Engineering ... ... ... ... 127 

Ciyil Engineering. — ^Part n. ... ... ... 129 

Mechanical Engineering. — ^First Paper ... ... 1 30 

Mechanical Engineering. — Second Paper ... 131 

Hydraulic and Sanitary Engineering ... ... 132 

Examination for ths Degree ov M.C.E.— 

Surveying and Levelling.— First Paper ... ... 135 

* Surveying and Levelling.— Second Paper 135 
Road and Bridge Construction and Maintenance. — 

First Paper ... ... 138 

Boad and Bridge Construction. — Second Pape^ ... 139 

Hydraulic and Sanitary Engineering ... ... 139 

,y Google 

▼1 0ONTBNT8. 

Examination for thb Dbobbb of Mabtbb of Abts — 

School of Mathematic8-^ 


Pore Mathematics ... ... ... ... 141 

School of History^ Political Economy, and JurisprudcTtce — 
JofiBprudence ... ... ... ... 144 

Examination fob thb Deoabx of Dootob of Lawb— • 

The Principles of Legislation ... ... ... 146 

Jurisprudence ... ... ... ... 147 

BomanLaw ... ... ... ... ... 149 

Examination fob thb Degbbb of Doctob of Mbdicinx— 


Logic ... ...*•• ••• .•• 

Mental Pathology, Mental Therapeutics, and 
Mental Hygiene 

Theory and Practice of Medicine 

Medicine — Cases for Commentary 

Physiology of the Brain and Neryous System 

Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Children- 
Case for Commentary ... .., 




Prench ... ... ... ... ... 157 

,y Google 


FEBRUARY, 1892. 




Hie Bowrd of Examiners. 

Translate, writing in the margin such brief explan- 
atory or other notes as you think desirable — 

(a) AcLiprriQ fiev m i^toei, Ad 3' evx'^Tai ahl 

dvfjLov OTTO fxeXewv ^ditrdai oLq kv fxeydponnv* 
eKTrayXtoc yap waiBoc 6^vp€TaL oixofjiivoto 
Kovpi^iTfC T oKo-yoKO dai(l>poyoQy ij e fxaXurra 
^fcax' a?ro^6i/L(£Ki7 Kai kv wfx^ yiipai drJKev. 
if ^' a'xe'i o^ wai^oc cuKe^diTO Kv^aXifxoiOy 
XevyaXi^ 6av6.Tipy wq fxil Oavoi oq tiq kfiol ye 
kvOd^e vauTaatv 0/\oc tiri Kal (j^lXa ep^oi, 
o0pa fjL€v oHv Hi Ktlvri cijv, SLxkovcrd wep efJLwrfc, 
Tc^pa tI fJLOi ^lXov e(FK€ fAsraXXfjaai Kal kpitrOaiy 
ovveKOL fx airri) Opi\(/£v fi/ia Krifiiyri rawTrcTrX^^ 
Qvyarifi lipdifiri, rily (nrXordrriv riKe val^toy' 
rjl OfJLOv kTp€<l»6fJLriVy oXiyov ^i ri fJL Jia&ov krifia, 
avrap kitti p' iif^v iroXvripaTOV iKOfAeff* &nxjnay 


,y Google 


r^v fur eireiTa ^Za/joiv^ e^aar ical {ivpC eXorrOf 
aWap i/ie ')(\aiydv re \tTiiya rt eifxar Ikuvii 
KoXa /«^' afju^iiaatrot iroair 3' vro^^fiaTa ^ouo'a, 
Ayp6yi€ xpotoXXc* ^UKei Ei fu nipodi /ioXXov. 

(h) Xirac Be ictd K\fiB6yac warpfovt 
xap' ovSev aivya ircupQiyetdv r 
id tyro i^iK6fjia')(pi fipafiij^. 
i^paerey 2' do^occ irarilp aer* tvyhy 
hlxav \ifiaipag virepde pwfwv 
idnXoiai Trepiireni irayrl dvfi^ 
wpovwirfi Xafiely alpBiiy, trrSfiaToc 
Te KoXXivp^pov ^vXcucav Kara(r\€ly 

^oyyoy &paloy olxoic 
3la yaXiytoy t ayavBu uiyti* 
KpOKOv pa0ay o €q ireooy \eovaaf 
c/3aXX' eKaffToy OvHfpiay 
air' ofXjiaTOQ fHXti ^iXo^^, 
frpijTOVffd & 4tfc iy ypcupdigy wpoffeyytTreiv 
OiKova*' ewel voXXojcis 
iraTpog Kar* iiyBp&yac eifrpaiti^ovc 
efieXyf/ey, &yy^ ¥ Aravparroc ahB^ varpOQ 
(^IXav rpirSairoyBoy evrorfwy 
iratwya <^\vg irifAa. 
rk 5* iyBty tM eTBoy out iyyiiria' 

(c) " *Ev o^y rate frdXetri woXXCiy Bayarov l^rffxla wp6» 
Keirai xal ohx liraty r^Se aXX* eXaffffdyuy dfiaprruuLd' 
Ttay SutoQ Be ry iXwlBi iiraipofieyoi KiyBvyevovtriVf 
Koi oitceli fna KarayyovQ eavrov /ii) trspiiaeirdai rf 
i'KijiovXfvpiaTi ^XQty ec rd Ztiyoy* ttoXcc re d^cora- 
fiivri tLq iTia H<r<rio rp BoKvivti E\ov<ra r^y vapaffKevrly 
9 olxday ^ &\Xwy fyfxixa\Uf rovrif €7r€\eipri(reyy «*€- 
^vKaal TB diravrec koX ihig. xal Brffioaig, h^apToyetyy 
KCii oifK toTi yofiOQ SffTig Airelpiei rovrov, eirel Bie^e" 
XriXvSa&l ye ^m watr&y T&y Zriiu&y ol &yQpfairoi 

,y Google 


irpoffriSivTeCf el iriog ^trtrov h^iKoivTO vx^ rStv Ka- 
Kovpywy. Kai eIkoc to xaXai t&v luyiartay hZtxri^ 
IMTtav fioXaKktripas Keiffdai airraQy irapafiaiyofiiviav 
ii r^ XPOPf tQ TOP davarov al leoWai avfiKovtriy, 
Koi Tovro B/JUOQ TrapajSacVcrou. ^ roiyvy ZeivoTepoy 
ri Tovrov ^ioc evpiriov early, rj rode ye oh^ey ewl~ 
trxet' aXX' ft fxey ireyia aydyic^ rv^y roXfiay Trapi' 
\ov<ra, ft 3' eiovaia vfipei ri^y wXeoye^lay koI (^po' 
yff/jLariy ai 3' £XXae livyrv\Lai opy^ r&y aydpwvtapy 
«C eKaarri rig Karexerai inr' avriKiarov tivoq Kpeio' 
ffoyoQy el&yovffiy eg rovg Kiydvyovg. 

(d) ftwVa roc Plicae eXaxoy rwy warp^vy rolg evirpd- 
iroiQy fjLeipaicvXkioy uty KOfxid^ Kal rovrov ohl^ ei 
yiyoyey fl^c^c ovhe yiyywcrKioyf tjg /jliiM yvy &<l>e\oy, 
rSre fjioi fxeXXovcrwy eiaiivai r&y BiK&y elg ^fxepay 
unnrepei reraprriy.^ wifJLirTTiy eloewfidrfffay d^eX^oc 6 
rovrov Kal ovrog eig r^v olKiay ayriBidoyreg rpiripap* 
\lay, rovyofxa fxey dij irapiaxey kKelyog, Kal riy 6 
ayridi^vg Opa<ru\o\og* ra ^ ^pyo, iravr ^y Kal ra 
vparrSfxeya vwo rovrov, Kal irpwrov fiey Kare(r\i(Tav 
rag dvpag rwy olKrjfAartoy , dtg ahrijy ij^ri yiyyofieyag 
Kara rr^y ayridotriy' elra rfjg d^eX^^c er eydoy ovarig 
r&re Kal waidog ovtrrig Kdprjg evayrioy e(fSeyyovTO 
aitrxpa Kal roiavra oV hy &yQpiawoi roiovroi (pdey- 
^lyro (oh yap cywyf wpoa\deiiiy av eltrely irpog 
vfidg r£jy rare pr/diyrwy ov^ey), Kal rr^y fxrirepa K&fie 
Kal irayrag fffxag prjra Kal ApptfTa KaKa e^elTrov' o 3' 
oZy deiy^raroy Kal oi \6yog, dXX' epyoy Hdrj* rag 
ilKag tog avr&y ovaag ^(pieaay rolg enrvrpovoig, KayHt 
r&re irayrawaaiy eprjfwg cuv Kal yeog KOfii^yy tya fxil 
rwy TTapa rolg eirirpoiroig awoarepriOelriv, ov\ 6aa 
edvyififiy ayaKO/iiaaadai irpoadoKijy (laTrpaieiyy dXX' 
6awy efiavrf avy^deiy aTreareprffiiyf, ^i^iafjii elKoai 
fAyag rovroig, Saov r^y rpuffpapyiay Jjaay fjiefiiaOiJ- 
K&reg, ra fxev Br^ rare vtipiafiara rovrwy eig e/Jie 

B 2 

,y Google 


ravr' cor/v. ^/inyv ^£ tovt^ Xa^dtfV vffrepoy rfjc 
KaKTiyopiag elXov ipiifxriy* oh yap awiivra. XafH^y 5* 
viTEprifupov Koi EXiav ohZtvog ffyj/dfjLrjv wiiyrrore rwy 
TovTOVy &XXa Xa^ttfy e^ovXrig iraXiy ohdirrta ical 
rfiixtpoy elatXQtiy hedvyrifxai' 
{e) AHM. XaipEy & Tlfxtay, to fxiya o^eXoc rov 
yiyovQy rb epeicfia rwy 'Adijva/wv, to wpofiXrf/xa 
rfJQ 'EXXa^oc* cat fxrly ?raXac ae 6 Bfjfioc jwi'ciXfy- 
fxivoQ KoX al fyovXaX &fi<p6r£pai irepifiiyovtrC irportpoy 
It 6.Kov<roy ro ypii<l>i<rfjia, S vTrep (rov yiypa^' 
'* 'EttciSi) TlfjLwy 6 'Ej^cicpoWSov KoXvrrevg, ay^p oh 
fx6yoy KciXoQ K&yadoc aXXa Kal ao^og wg ohK 6.XX0Q 
Bv ry 'EXXa^i irapa wayra "xpoyoy SiarcXel tcl &piara 
TpaiTbty 77} w6Xu' yeyiicriKe M ttvJ Kal froXiyv Kal 
^pofjLOv ev ^OXvfiiriq, fiiag fffiipag Kal TeXelf &pfjLari 
Kal avyioplh twXik^ " . . . . 

TIM. 'AXX' ohde kQtijpritra €y«i» ^&>7rore tig 

AHM. Ti oZy'y dewpii<reig vtrrepoy' to, roiavTa ^e 
iroXXa TTpoffKelodat &fi£iyoy. '* Kal iipltnevae M vTrep 
rfjg 7r6Xetog irepvai irpog ^AKapydyag, Kal KariKoxpe 
TleXoiroyyrialioy Bvo /lolpag*^' .... 

TIM. Iloic; ^ta yap ro firl e\£iy on-Xa ohde irpoe- 
ypaipTfy ey r^ KaraXoyip, 

AHM. Mirpia ra irepi o'avrov Xeyeic, 4ftf*C ^c 
axapKTTOL h.y tirifity hfxyrifioyovvTtg. *' m ^c Kal 
;//i70i(7/L(ara ypcufxoy Kal avfiPovXevuty Kal (TTparriyiav 
oh fjLiKpa bt^iXriae r^y wdXiy* M Tovroig Awatri 
Ac^oicrai rj fiovXy Kal rf ^^/^ Kal ry 'KXial^ 
Kara (jivXag Kal Tolg drjfxoig i^l<jt Kal KOiyy vatri 
XpvfTOvy iLyatrrfiffai rov Tifxtoya wapa rj)v 'AOiyvav 
ey ry aKpowoXei Kepavyoy ey ry ^e^i^ e\oyTa Kal 
aKTiyag ewra ewl ry iCc<^aX^' Kal areipay&ffai ahroy 
')(pv(rolg (rreipayoigf Kal avaKtiptf\dfiyaiTOvg trre^avovg 
ailljiepoy dkioyvaioig Tpayt^lolg Kaiyelg' axOffyai yap 
di' ahroy ^ei rii^epoy ra Aioyvaia. 

,y Google 



The Board of Examiners, 

, Translate, writing in the margin such brief expla- 
natory or other notes as you think desirable — 

(a) ME. Edep61 fide adulesc^ntem mandati(im malae. 
Dedistine hoc facto ei gl^dium qui se 

Quid s6cus est aut quid interest dare te in 

Arg^ntum amanti homini ^dulescenti, animi 

Qui exa^dificaretsuam incohatam ign^viam? 

CA. Non 6go illi argentum r^dderem ? 
ME. Nod r6dderes, 

Neque de illo quicquam neque emeres neque 

Nee qui deterior esset, faceres c6piam. 
Inc6nciliastin' etim qui mandattist tibi ? 
Ille qui mandavit, ^xturbasti ex aedibus ? 
Edep51 mandatum ptilcre, et curati(im probe. 
Grede huic tutelam : sudm rem melius 
CA. Subigis maledictis m& tuis, Megar6nides, 
Nov6 modo adeo ut, qu6d meae concr6- 

Taciti(irnitati cl4m, fide et fidticiae, 
Ne eni(intiarem quoiquam neu facer6m 

Ut mihi necesse sit iam id tibi concr^dere. 
ME. Mihi qu6d credideris, s^mes ubi posiveris. 
CA. Circ^m spicedtim te, n^quis adsit Arbiter. 

,y Google 


(b) Scribeiis Yario fortis et hostium 
Victor Maeonii carminis alite, 

Quam rem cumqae ferox navibus aut eqnis 

Miles te duce g^esserit. 
Nos, Agrippa, neque haec dicere, nee gravem 
Pelidae stomachum cedere nescii, 
Nee cureus duplicis per mare TJlixei, 

Nee saevain Pelopis domum 
Conamur, tennes grandia, dum pudor 
Imbellisque Ijrae Musa potens vetat 
Laudes egregii Gaesaris et taas 

Culpa deterere ingeni. 
Quis Martem tunica tectum adamantina 
Digne scripserit ? aut pulvere Troico 
Nigrum Merionem ? aut ope Palladia 

Tydiden Superis parem ? 

(c) Nee doetum satis et parum severum^ 
Sad non rusticulum nimis libellum 
Facundo mea Plinio Thalia 

I perfer: brevis est labor peractae 
Altum vincere tramitem Suburae. 
lUic Orphea protinus videbis 
TJdi vertice lubricum theatri, 
Mirantesque feras avemque regis, 
Raptum quae Phrygajpertulit Tonanti. 
Illie parva tui domus Pedonis 
Caelata est aquilae minore pinna. 
Sed ne tempore non tuo disertam 
Pulses ebria ianuam, videto. 
Totos dat tetricae dies Minerrae, 
Dum centum studet auribus virorum 
Hoc quod saecula posterique possint 
Arpinis quoque comparare chartis. 

(d) " Potes igitur," inquit Grassus '* ut alia omittam 
innumerabilia et immensa et ad ipsum civile ius 

,y Google 


tuum veniam, oratores putare eos, quos multas 
hora9 exspectavit, cum in campum properaret, et 
ridens et stomachans Scaevola, cum Hjpsaeus 
maxima Toce plurimig verbis a M. Grasso prae- 
tore oontenderet, ut d quern detendebat causa 
eadare liceret, Gn. autem Octavius, homo con- 
Bularis, non minus longa oratioue recusaret^ ne 
adversarius causa caderet ac ne is, pro quo ipse 
diceret, turpi tutelae iudicio atque omni molestia 
stuititia adversarii liberaretur ?" "Ego vero 
istos,*' inquit — **memini enim mihi narrare 
Mucium — non modo oratoris nomine, sed ne foro 
auidem dignos putarim." '^Atqui non defuit 
illis patronis " inquit Grassus '* eloquentia neque 
dicendi ratio aut copia, sed iuris civilis soientia : 
quod alter plus lege agendo petebat, qnam quan- 
tum lex in XII. tabulis permiserat, quod cum 
impetrasset^ causa caderet; alter iniquum putabat 
plus secum agi, quam quod erat in aotione; 
neque intellegebat, si ita esset actum, litem 
adversarium perditurum. 

(€f) Hie finis cognitionis amplissimae. Saperest 
tamen Xeirovpyioy non leve, Hostilius Firminus, 
legatus Mari Frisci, qui permixtus causae graviter 
venementerque vexatus est. Nam et rationibus 
Marciani et sermone quem ille habuerat in ordine 
Leptitanorum operam suam Prisco ad turpissi- 
mum minis terium commodasse, stipulatusque de 

^ Marciano quinquaginta milia denariorum proba- 
batur^ ipse praeterea accepisse sestertia decem 
milia, foedissimo quidem titulo, nomine unguen- 
tarii, qui titulus a vita hominis compti semper et 
pumicati non abhorrebat. 

(J^) Saepe numero, patres conscripti, multa verba 
in hoc ordine feci, saepe de luxuria atque avaritia 

,y Google 


nostromm ei vinin questas som, mnltosque mortalis 
ea causa adYonos nabeo: qui mihi atque animo 
meo nullios mnquam delicti gratiam fecissem, 
hand ftcile alterius lubidini malefacta condona- 
bam. Sed ea tametsi vos parri pendebatis, tamen 
res pnblica firma erat, opulentia ne^legentiain 
tolerabat. None vero non id agitur^ bonisne an 
malis moribus TiyamuSf neque quantum aut quam 
magnificum imperium populi Romani sit^ sed 
haec cuiuscumque modi videntur^ nostra an 
nobiscum una nostium futura sint. Hie mihi 
quisquam mansuetudinem et misericordiam 
nominat. lam pridem equidem nos yera vocabula 
rerum amisimus. Quia bona aliena largiri 
liberalitas, malarum rerum audacia fortitudo 
▼ooatur, eo res publica in extreme sita est. Sint 
sane, quoniam ita se mores habent, liberales ex 
sociorum fortunis, sint misericordes in fiiribus 
aerari; ne illi sanguinem nostrum largiantur et, 
dum, paucis sceleratb parcunt, bonos omnis 
perditum eant. 

The Board of JExaminers, 

Translate with brief critical and explanatory not es-^ 

(a) Dum tu forsitan inquietus erras 
Clamosa, tuvenalis, in Subura, 
Aut collem dominae teris Dianae; 
Dum per limina te poteniiorum 
Sudatrix toga ventilat vagumque 
Maior Gaelius et minor fatigant: 

,y Google 

Me multos repetita post Decembres 
Accepit mea rasticumque fecit 
Aaro Bilbilis et superoa ferro. 
Hie pigri colimus labore dulci 
Boterdum Plateamque; Celtiberis 
Haec sunt nomina crassiora terris. 
Ingenti fruor improboque somno, 
Quern nee tertia saepe rum pit bora, 
£t totum mibi nunc repono, quidquid 
Ter denos vigilaveram per annos. 
Ignota est to^a, sed datur petenti 
Rupta proxima vestis a catnedra. 
Surgentem focus excipit superba 
Vicini strue cultus iliceti, 
Multa vilica quern coronat olla. 

(b) Quid ergo miraris^ si oculi nostri imbrium 
stilicidia non separant^ et ingenti spatio intu- 
entibus minutarum imaginum discrimen intent ? 
Illud esse dubium nuUi potest, qnin arcus imago 
solis sit, roscida et cava nube concepta. Quod 
ex hoc tibi apparet. Numquam non adversa soli 
est, sublimis aut humilis, prout ille se submisit, 
aut sustulit, contrario motu. lUo enim descend- 
ente altior est^ alto depressior. Saepe talis nubes 
a latere solis est, nee arcum efficit, quia non ex 
recto imaginem trahit. Varietas autem non ob 
aliam causam fit, quam quia pars coloris a sole 
est, pars a nube ilia: umor autem modo oaeru- 
leas lineas, modo virides, modo purpurae similes, 
et luteas aut igneas ducit, duobus coloribus banc 
yarietatem efficientibus, remisso et intento. Sic 
enim et purpura eodem conchylio non in unum 
modum exit. Interest, quamdiu macerata sit, 
crassius medicamentum, an aquatius traxerit; 
saepius mersa sit et excocta, an semel tincta. 

,y Google 


Non est ergo minim, cam duae res smt, sol et 
nubeSy id est, corpus et speculum, si tarn molta 
genera colomm exprimantoTy quae in multis 
generibus possnnt aut incitari, ant relanguescere. 

(e) "E/iocy' eiiapKti 
oc av fii KOKOQ p 
fitfi^ fiyay airdXo/ivoc diutg r ovatriJroXiy ^iKav, 

vyu)c itrvp- 
ov fJLiy kyif futftaurofioC 
oh yap iyit <^i\6fimfiOQ' 
r&y yap aXiOli^y airtlptay yeyidXa. 
trayra roc KoXa rolai t aia\pa fi^ fii^iucrau 
Tovyeiceyoviror iyif ro/i^ yevioBai ^vyaroy 
^t(tlfiiyo^y Ktyeay £q &irpaKToy eXwiSa fwlpay 

ai&yoc fiaXikff 
wayafua/ioy dydp^K-oy, eirpvcSovc ovoi KOfmoy 

aiyvfuOa \doy6Q. 
iireiT vfifuy evpwy arrayyeXiw* 
Tavrac ^ kwaiyqiu Kal ^iXew, 
Ik^v otrriQ ephy 
firfity di(r\p6y' kyayKif. ^* ohZe Oeol na\ovrai. 

((f) Aiyovffi de oi xcfM n)v 2aXa/ilFa ohcovyrec awoda^ 
rSvToc AiayroQ ro Aydoc a^lviy iy rp yf rore 
^yffyai irpQroy' XevKoy im-iVy tnripvOpoy^ xplvov 
Kal airro eXatrirov Koi to. ffniXXa' ypAfiftara dc esrctr- 
riy ola toIq haKlySoig Kal rouri^. \6yoy he ruy fiky 
Alokiiay r&yvartpQy olKturavnay^'lKioy ig n)v Kplmy 
Tf^y iwl role SirXotg ^KOvtra, oi rife yavaylag 'Ohfooei 
tnffiPoffvie eieyE^Bfiyai Kara roy rat^y rhy Acavroc 
ra 6ir\a XiyouaC ro de ec ro fiiyedoc ahrov Mvo-og 
ekiysy ityifp. rov yap ra^ov ra npoc rdy alyiaXoy 
€<f>a(rK€y iiriKXvtyai rijy d6\affiray Kal rrjy ttro^y ec 
TO fiyfffia oh xaXeirrly irotifvaij Kal fie rov yeKpov ro 
fiiyedoQ reKfiaipetrOai r^he eKeXeve' veyroBXov yap 
Taitog elyal ol Kara ZivKoy fJi6Xi(rra rk cvl rolg 

,y Google 


yoyafftv otrrd, KoXovfiivag de vtto tQv laTpStv /jLvXag. 
kyfMt hiy &K6<rot fiiv ohcovtriv co^arot KeXr&v e')(ovreQ 
Ofiopoy T^ Bia Kpvfjiov epiffi^f ovs Ka/3ap£(c ovofia." 
(cvtTiy TOVTotv fiev ohK edavfjiaffa to firJKOQy di veKpwv 
oh^iv n ^ia<l>6p(0£ e^ovan' Aiyvtrriuty' 


The Board of Examiner9, 

For Greek prose — 

The beginning of nations, those excepted of 
whom sacred books have spoken, is to mis day 
unknown. Not only the beginning, but the 
deeds also of many succeeding ages, yea, periods 
of ages, either wholly unknown, or obscured and 
blemished by fiibles. Whether it were that the 
use of letters came in long after, or were it the 
violence of barbarous inundations, or they them- 
selves, at certain revolutions of time, fatally de- 
caying and degenerating into sloth and ignorance, 
whereoy the monuments of more ancient civility 
have been some destroyed, some lost. Perhaps 
disesteem and contempt of the public affairs then 
present, as not worth recording, might partly be 
in cause. Certainly oft-times we see tnat wise 
men, and of best ability have forborne to write 
the acts of their own days, while they beheld, with 
a just loathing and disdain, not only how un- 
worthy, how perverse, how corrupt, but often how 
ignoble, how petty, how below all history, the 
persons and tneir actions were, who either by 
fortune or some rude election, had attained to 
have chief sway in managing the commonwealth. 

,y Google 


The Board of £xawnmers. 

Translate into Greek lambiea — 

T. In the silent gn,re^ no conTersation, 

No jojfbl tread of friends, no Yoioe of lovers. 
No careful fiither^s counsel; nothing's heard. 
Nor nothing is, hnt all ohliyion. 
Dusty and an endless darkness; and dare jou, 

Desire this place ? 

0. Tis of all sleeps the sweetest; 

— Strong men seek it. 
And kings from neight of all their painted 

Fall like spent exhalations to this centre; 
And those are fools that fear it, or imagine 
A few unhandsome pleasures or life's profits 
Can recompense this place; and mad, that stay it. 
Till age blow out their lights, or rotten humours 
Bring them dispersed to the earth. 

The Board of Examiners. 

For Latin Prose — 

Our solitary Siberian will find the sciences not 
only entirely useless in directing his practice, 
but disgusting even in speculation. In every 
contemplation our curiosity must be first ex- 
cited by the appearances of things before our 

,y Google 


reason undergoes the fatigue of investigatim^ the 
causes. Some of these appearances are produced 
by experiment, others by minute enquiry : some 
arise from a knowledge of foreim climates, and 
others from an intimate study of our own. But 
there are few objects in comparison which present 
themselves to the inhabitant of a barbarous 
country: the game he hunts, or the transient 
cottage he buuds, make up the chief objects of 
his concern : his curiosity therefore must be pro- 
portionably less; and if that is diminished the 
reasoning faculty will be diminished in pro- 

Besides, sensual enjoyment adds wings to 
curiosity. A desire of enjoyment first interests 
our passions in the pursuit, points out the object 
oi investigation, and Reason then comments 
where Sense has led the way. An increase in 
the number of our enjoyments therefore neces- 
sarily produces an increase of scientific research ; 
but in countries where almost every enjoyment is 
wanting, reason there seems destitute of its great 
inspirer, and speculation is the business of fools 
when it becomes its own reward. 

The Board of Examiners. 

Translate into Latin Elegiacs— 

HippoLYTus TO Artemis. 
For thee soft crowns in thine untrampled mead 
I wove, my lady, and to thee I bear; 
Thither no shepherd drives his flock to feed, 

,y Google 


Nor scythe of ste^l has ever laboured there; 
Nay, through the spring among the blossoms 

The brown bee comes and goes, and with good 

Thy maiden, Reverence, sweet streams doth lead 
About the grassy close that is her care. 
Souls only that are gracious and serene 
By gift of God, in human lore unread, 
May pluck these holy blooms and grasses green 
That now I wreathe for thine immortal head, 
I that may walk with thee, thyself unseen, 
And by thy whispered voice am comforted. 

Professor Tucker. 

1. Discuss succinctly the bearing of Gomparatiire 

Philology on the study of the Greek and Latin 
or other languages. 

2. Subdivide the Iranian and Germanic groups^ 

giving an account of the earliest data afforded 
by each subdivision. 

3. Define and illustrate " Phonetic change," and dis- 

tinguish it from changes due to other causes. 
Account clearly for the variety of form in wevte, 
irifiTTE — ciC) tc — fifii^UtTfiaiy elfxa — rtfuSy ruber — 
iecorisy iecinoris. 

,y Google 


4. How far can the reconstruction of I.-E. words be 

considered attainable ? Reconstruct the I.-E. 
numerals for 1, 2, 3, 5, 9, 10, 20, 1,000; and 
discuss the phonetic regularity of their repre- 
sentations in Greek and Latin. 

5. Give a short account of the investigations concern- 

ing the I.-E. gutturals. What series do you 
postulate, and why ? State clearly what is meant 
oy a velar guttural being *^ labialized " or " un- 
labialized,'' and shew the bearing of this con- 
sideration on the possible representation of a 
Greek or Latin explosive in Teutonic. 

6. Treat fully of any three of the following: — 

(i) The interchange of i and i in Latin. 

(ii) The history of u and i postconsonantal in 

(iii) The history of e^, oy,, ^e, ffo in Latin. 

(iv) '* Compensatory Lengthening " in Greek. 

(v) The phenomena of Ablaut in Greek and 

7. Take the following pairs of words, examine the 

exact relationship of the words in each pair, 
point out how far the processes involved are 
regular or irregular, and quote cognate words 
from the same or other languages: — 

acta^i^a, aid} — act, aiig — X^^9 goose-^^Aia, Zfjva 
— dvyarrip, Goth, dauhtar — voro, Ppwfxa — tollOf 
latllS — fxiyaQy fxel^otv — bis^ hatdeKa — -fictUSy te1\oq 
— irXe/c, clavis — aioXoc, varius — liKXia, fiaXXut — 
"—fxCkif fwvfra — quaeeo^ inqmro^-^trpaf^araiy rpt^ 
— guatttwr, TitrtrapeQ* 

,y Google 


8. Give Twith instances) all the origins of a and ^ in 

Greek, and of I, b^l in Latin. 

9. Discuss the formation of comparatives and super- 

latives in I.-E.y with reference to the Greek and 
Latin forms. 

10. Decline ouis, ek^os. 


I%e Board of Examiners. 

Give a short account of what is called the 
** Homeric Question." In what form was it 
known at Alexandria? Consider the question 
briefly from the point of view of the history of 
writing and publication. 

Where and in what forms had Greek ''literature" 
shewed itself before the time of ^schylus? 
Tabulate its chief authors in chronological order, 
specifying the nature of the productions of each, 
and stating how much is extant in each case. 

Give a very concise outline of the subject-matter of 
any three plays of (1) Sophocles, (2) Euripides, 
(3) Aristophanes. Shew. by any two instances 
what is meant by xcpcTrereca. 

Briefly summarise the history of rhetorical study 
in Greece till the time of Aristotle. Explain 
\oyoypajtpoQy trw^itjriiQf with their connotations. 

,y Google 


What is meant by ahfrrripa Xi^igl State the 
three main technical divisions of the rhetorical 

5. What part did Alexandria play in later Greek 

literature? Name the chief writers who in- 
habited that city, with their several dates. 

6. Write an account of Latin literature (1) in prose, 

(2) in metre, previous to the time of Plautus. 
Explain Atellanae. 

7. Criticise Quintilian's remark, ^' Historia nostra non 

cesserit Graecis." 

8. Within what limits do you place the *' Golden 

Age " of Latin literature, and why 7 

9. Estimate the originality of the Latin writers in 

point of either matter or style. Examine the 
assertion that they preferred the *^ Asiatic" to 
the "Attic" style. 

10. Compare the conditions of literary patronage at 
Rome with any which may have existed for 
writers in any part of the Greek world. 

The Board of Examiners. 

I, Explain fully and account for the various construc- 
tions after verbs of fearing in Greek and Latin. 
When are oh and /x^ juxtaposed in Greek ? 


,y Google 


2. Traoilatey distiiifi^iabiDg' in each ease the dialeet: — 
(a) XvyfJMxla K ea licarov T^irea, 

(V) woUe SKtoQ iKdrfiy dd^o'cac. 

(fi) "E^i ra cdXa' Miyiapo^ r avw^va' 

UttvAvTk T&yifUQ' iLTTOpiQfU^ tI 'Xptf ^^Vn 

Tranfipose each into Attic Greek. 

3. Write a short history of agrarian legislaticBi at 


4. Illustrate from Greek histoiy the political use of 


5. Restore and translate, with comments on the ortho- 



Give some account of the metre in which the 
inscription is composed. 

6. Explain tlie following terms : — ievyirai, avfi/ioplai, 

oi cv^eca (at Athens), yofioSiTai, K\Tipovj(lay litium 
aestimatio« lex satara, uaucapio, praevaricatio, 
duumyiri perduellionis. 

7. OiTe a full account of the methods of dating 

according to the Athenian calendar. 

,y Google 


8. Derive the Roman alphabet, accounting for the 

iramber and forms oi its letters. 

9. Draw a map of Sicily, showing the distribation of 

races at the time of the Athenian invasion (b.o. 
415), and distinguish between Ionian and Dorian 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. The arithmetic mean of any number of positive 

quantities which are not all equal is greater 
than their geometric mean. 

li ttiy a^f • • • • a^ he n positive quantities, 
prove that 

«1 «« --^n >l I 

2. Shew that any quadratic surd is equal to a recur- 

ring continued fraction. 

If Z be any integer not a perfect square, and 
if s/Z be converted into a continued fraction 

and if the convergents obtained by taking one, 


,y Google 



two, . . . . f complete periods^ each period tennin- 
ating with k he denoted hy Pi, Pj, ....P<, 
prove that 

Pi+ s/Z /Pi + ^Z \% 

8. ProTe Newton's theorem concerning the sums of 
the powers of the roots of an equation. 

If f {x) = (a? — «i) (a? — fl^i) (a: — 03) . • • . 
{as — a^y prove that the sum of all the homo- 
geneous products of the r*^ degree of the n 
quantities a^ c^ • •• • a^^is 


« + r-I 


» + r— 1 


/'(«.) "/'(«.) 


State and prove the rule for forming the product 
of two determinants of the same order. 


(X) = «„ + X, «i2, «is, &c. 

^81? ^9 ^88 + \ <6;C. 

&c., <S;c., £0. 
where a^« = a^^i shew that the roots of the equa- 

tion ^ (X) = ^ are all real 

5. If there be n angles a, &, c, d, &o., prove that 

2^ cos a cos & cos ^ cos ^ . . • • 

is equal to the sum of the cosines of all the 
angles included in the expression 

±a±J±c±rf± .... 

,y Google 


Hence find an expression for cos ** d in terms 
of cosines of multiples of 6 and deduce an expres- 
sion for sin ""d in terms of sines or cosines of 
multiples of 6. 


prove that 

1 _ 1 -4.1^? A^x 

— i: + Ti 3 + • •• • + 

where Ar is equal to the value of — — -— — 
^ 00 (a?) 

when X = ar. 

Hence shew that 

1 _1 2a? _^?_.__?£_ 

sina?-ar^7r3-a3 2 V - a?» "^ 3 V - a?« ^' 

7. Prove that in any spherical triangle 
sin J. _ sin ^ _ sin C 
sin a " sin J " sin c * 

If a, /J, y be the arcs joining the middle points 
of the sides of a spherical triangle, prove that 

cos a cos fi cos y 

a b ~~ c 

<5<>«-2- cos- cos - 

_ 1 + cos g + cos & + cos c . A + B -{• C 
*" yj d h c ^^ Q ' 

4 cos — cos 2" c°^ 2" 

,y Google 


& Fiiid the locus of the feet of the nonnals drawn 
from a fixed point (7 to a system of confocal 

Shew that the foot of the perpendicular from 
O on the polar of O with respect to any one of 
the conies lies on the locus. 

0^. If a triangle be self conjugate with respect to a 
parabola the centre of the circumscribed circle of 
the triangle lies on the directrix and the nine 
point circle of the triangle passes through the 

10. If a system of conies be such that the pencil of 
taugents drawn from any point is in inYolution^ 
then the system of conies has four common 

The Board of JShwniners. 

1. Define a differential coe£Scient. 

Find the differential coefficient of te with respect 
to X 

(i) When u is h function of y and y is a 
function of x. 

(ii) "When t£ is a function of a?, y, s^ and y, z 
are functions of a?. 

,y Google 


(iii) When u is given as a function of three 
independent variables :r, y, z, but is to 
be expressed as a function of fv, x, y, 
where tz; is a given function of o?^ y, z, 

CTis a function of or, y^ z which is continuous 
for all variations of Xj y, Zy but its differential 
coefficients are discontinuous for particular values 
of the variables given by the equation 

prove that if tTbe expressed as a function of n^^ x^y^ 

-5- will be discontinuous whenn^ = 0, but^-, -7- 
dw ' ax ay 

will be continuous everywhere. 

8. Shew how to find the locus of the points of ultimate 
intersection of any curve represented by the 
equation J\x^ y, a) = 0, with the consecutive 

curve obtained by varying a, and prove that this 
curve touches tne curve f{Xy y, a) =r at all 
such points of ultimate intersection. 

Prove that the contact will be of the second 
order if at the points of contact 

df]? ' dxda dy dyda dx. 

Find the envelop of the pectMigular byperbolsB 
represented by the equation 

a? _y2 _ 4^^ cos^a + 4ya sin* a + Sa^ cosSa = 0, 

and prove that the contact is always of the 
second order. 

,y Google 


3. Shew how to find the radii of curvature of the 

different branches of a curve at a multiple point. 

A cubic curve has a multiple at O, and any 
straight line meets the curve in P, Q, JR; OP^ 
OQf OH make angles Oi, 6^, Os, wiUi one tangent 
at 0, and angles ^i, 0,, ^, with the other; prove 

sin 01 sin Os sin Os _ a 
sin ^1 sin ^2 sin 08 "" ^ 

a, h being the radii of curvature of the two 
branches at 0. 

4. If )// {x) retain the same sign whilst x lies between 

a and b, prove that 

I (a?) ;//(a:) <& = {a + (ft — «)} ^ («) dx, 

where is a proper fraction. 

Find the value when n is infinite of 


6. Find an expression in polar coordinates for the 
volume generated by the revolution of a curve 
about the initial line. 

OA is a fixed line^ and AQ^ a fixed line at 
right angles to it^ is cut in ^ hj h, line OQ^ 
which is produced to P, so that OQ' QP ^ 
OA^; find the area between the curve thus 
traced out and its asymptote^ and the volume 
generated by its revolution about its asymptote. 

,y Google 


6. Prove that 


a^^y«^i««-i f{x+y+z^...)dxdydz... 

r(^ + w + w + . • . .} I 

where the variables x^ y, z^ ... » may have all 
positive values consistent with the condition that 
X -^-y + z + .... is not greater than c. 

Prove that 


1 + a?i» + a;," + . . . . +x^ ^ , , 



where the variables ati, ar,, .... x^ may have all 
real values, for which a?i* + a?,* + . . . . + a?^* is 
not greater than 1. 

7. If a point be taken at random within a tetrahedron, 

of all parallelepipeds which can be described 
having the line joining the point to one of the 
angular points of the tetrahedron as a diagonal, 
and having its edges parallel to the edges of the 
tetrahedron which meet in that angular point, 
the average is one-twentieth of that oi the 

8. Find the value of 
8inX(ft — a?) sinX(a — «)\^ 

,y Google 


for all values of x, and hence, by making J — a 
infinitely small, prove Fouriei^s theorem 


COB X (v — a?) ^ {v) dkdv = tt^ (a?). 

0. Assuming^ the expansions of cos rx and sin rx in 
terms of cosines of integral multiples of Xy deduce 
from Fourier's theorem of the last question that 

r « r 

irf^{x)'=i\ ^ (t>) efo+2 S C08 mxl cos mv ^ (fi) dv 

Jo ^ o 

ifx lies between o and tt. 

10. Explain a method of finding the maximum value of 

a single integral subject to the constancy of 
another single integral involving the same vari- 

Shew that the curves of given length on the 
cylinder y^ ^ z^ zz a^y which have the greatest 
projected area on the plane z:=zOy are cos i// ^ 6 
cos + c where ;// is the angle between the 
tangent and the axis of x and tan 6 =: z/y. 

11. Shew that any function can be expanded in 

spherical harmonics over a sphere. 

Prove that if — !<«<*<! 

'<»-.).2:5i^{<— •)^ 

is zero if — 1 < a? < a, or J < x < 1, but is 
equal to 1 if a < a? < >. 

,y Google 



Ths Bawrd of Examiners. 

1. Prore that six normals can be drawn jGrom the 
point \^ ri, (, to the ellipsoid 

^a + ^ + ^ - -l- 

If fii, njtj Sx., be the lengths of these normals, 
and pi, pf, <fec.^ the central perpendiculars on the 
tangent planes at their feet, prove that 

9»i n, n, 914 % n« pi p^ p^ p^ p^ p^ 


2. Shew that four cones can be drawn through the 
curve of intersection of two conicoids, and that 
the vertices of the four cones are the angular 
points of a tetrahedron which is self polar with 
respect to any conicoid through the curve of 

Two tetrahedra are self polar with respect to a 
conicoid. Shew that any conicoid which passes 
through seven of the angular points of the tetra- 
hedra will pass also through the eighth angular 

ftr If two ruled sur&ces have a common generator and 
touch at three points along it, they touch at all 
points along the generator. 

Hence or otherwise shew that the normals to 
a ruled surface at points along a generator trace 
out a hyperbolic paraboloid. 

,y Google 


4. Explain how the tortuosity of a curve is measured, 

and having given equations determining the curve, 
find an expression for the tortuosity. 

A skew surface is formed by the principal 
normals to a curve. Shew that the tangent plane 
at a point distant £ from the curve along a 
principal normal makes with the corresponding 
osculating plane an angle tan"^ <'"V(^"^""P~0 
where <r"', pr^ are respectively the curvature of 
torsion, and the absolute curvature at the corre- 
sponding point. 

5. Shew that the lines of curvature of a conicoid are 

its curves of intersection with confocals. 

Shew that the lines of curvature on a surface 
parallel to a conicoid lie on a conicoid coaxial 
with the given conicoid. 

6. If a, /3 be the parameters of the lines of curva- 

ture on any surface, and dajhi, d^jh^ the dis- 
tances between consecutives of .the same family, 
shew that the elementary rotations executed by 
the lines of curvature and the normal about their 
initial positions when we pass from a point 
(a, /3) to a neighbouring point (a + daj /3 + rf/J) 

where pi and p^ are the principal radii of curva- 

Write down the corresponding formulae for the 
rotations executed by the normals at any point 
to the three surfaces of a triply orthogonal set 
that pass through the point, and utilise them to 

,y Google 


obtain a proof of Dupin's theorem that the curve 
of intersection of two surfaces of such a set is a 
line of curvature on each. 

7. Shew how to integrate the homogeneous differential 

Shew that the primitive of 

dx "" a,^ + (f'lyx + o^ 
may be written in the form 

X (y - xB^) <^» - ^i)(«oV + «i^« + «a) 

X (y - ajOs) ^^' "" ^'^ ^"«^»' "*■ "»^« "^ ''^^' 
= constant, 

where Oi, 0,, 63, are the roots of b^B^ + >iO + >, 
= (ao02 + aiB + 02). 

8. Having given r distinct integrals of a linear equa- 
tion of the nth order deprived of its second 
member, apply the method of variation of para- 
meters to reduce the given equation to an 
equation of order n — r. 

If j/i (a?)> fi 0^)7 fi ifo) be three particular 
solutions of the equation 

^ 0+,wg + xW| + *(-)» = . 

,y Google 


then the complete integral qf 




is given by 

y=iCJ[(x) + CtMx) + C^ft{x) 

J^f («) * 

where C„ Cf, C, are arbitrary constants, a is a 
determinate constant, and 

df^ dj^ dMi) 
di ' di ' di 

/.(«), /,(«). Mx) 

Q = 

0. Shew that the solutloii of the n simultaneous 

— = ^1 \X\y . . . . a?n^ r) 

= ^n ipVt • • • • «n; 


can be made to depend on the solution of a 
single equation of the nth order. 

Solve the equations 

- = ^ = (a:^ + y^)*^= (a^ + tr»)^^. 
in X y 

,y Google 


10. Prove that the integration of 

can be made to depend on the finding of an 
integral of the form 

1>(P} 99 ^f Vy ^) = constant of the system 
dx _dy _ dz __ —dp __ ^dq 

fp ""Z ^Pfp + 9f<i " f^ + Pfn " fy-^qfz * 
Obtain a complete primitLye of 
px + qy -f{p, q) 
wherey*(p, q) is a homogeneous function of jt?; q. 

11. Show that the necessary and sufficient conditions 

which ensure that the equations 

du = Xdx + Ydy 
dv = X'doi + Tdy 

can be satisfied by a system of two integral 
equations are 

Zy Ix'^ lu lu'^ Iv 

— -A -z— = 0. 

ly he '^ lu lu '^ Iv 

Solve the equations — 
(vx — vy)du + {u^ ^ y^)dx + {uv ^ xy)dy^o. 
(try— tM7)rfv + (t«» — a!y)da? + («*— a^)<Zy = o. 

,y Google 


The Board of Examinerfi. 

1. A planet describes its orbit in a medium whose 

resistance varies as the velocity and inversely as 
the square of the distance from its sun. Shew 
that the polar equation to the orbit is 
« = -A cos (0 +o) + -B I ^ sin (v — 6) rfv . 

2. A light circular ring of radius a moves freely 

around a vertical axis and a heavy particle slid^ 
freely on the ring. The whole is revolving 
steadily with the radius to the particle making 
an an^le a with the vertical. The particle being 
disturbed, shew that the time of a small oscillation 
2x "Ja/ >/g (3 cos a + sec a). 

3. A rectangular parallelepiped of edges ^a^ 2b, 2e 

rests on a smooth horizontal plane with the edges 
2b vertical. It is struck with a horizontal blow 
P in a vertical plane through the centre parallel 
to the edges 2af and at a height h>b above the 
plane. Shew that the parallelopiped will be 
overturned if 
3P^h^{4:a^ + J«) >a2M^g(a^ + *2)2(v«2 + *»-*). 

4. Give Lagrange's method for small oscillations, and 

examine the nature of the principal oscillations. 

,y Google 


5. Forces defined in Cartesian co-ordinates act at 

fixed points^ and in fixed directions^ on a body at 
rest. Shew that the time of a small oscillation 
around an axis through the origin whose direc- 
tion cosines are I, m, n is 

ar >/MX^ I VSPS (yr+ zZ) - SmnS {ifZ -^zT). 

6. Prove Poinsot's theorem that a body under no 

forces with one point fixed moves so that an 
ellipsoid in the body rolls on a plane in space. 

7. A rigid body has one point of an axis of symmetry 

fixed; the intersection of this axis with a sphere 
of unit radius describes a curve whose arc is «, 
and curvature in the tangent plane k. Shew 
that the couple on the body along the tangent to 
the curve is dai + AkI ^ where of is the angular 
velocity round the axis, and -4, C are the prin- 
cipal moments of inertia. Deduce the condition 
of steady motion of a top. 

8. A plane sheet can undergo simple expansion or 

contraction at each point, but no shear. Obtain 
the general solution for a small deformation^ and 
shew that if the boundary of a circular disc of 
radius a of the material receives a radial dis- 
placement aa^"^^ cos m%y the radial and trans- 
versal displacements throughout the disc are 

o r^+* cos mQy a r""*"^ sin rnB respectively. 

9. Investigate St. Yenant's solution of the torsion of 

a cylinder. 

10. A straight rod of length I is clamped at one end 
and a string is attached to the other, and to a 
point in the line of the rod a distance a beyond 


,y Google 


the olamped encL. Sbew that the greatest ten- 
sion 7^ of the string compatible with stability of 
tha rod ia the straight form is the least root of 


11. A spherical shell of finite thickness and radii a^ b, 
is submitted to pressures pi p^ inside and ontsidJe. 
Rnd the stress at each point. 


Tke BotBtd of Hxaminere. 

1. The position of a sjstem of rigid bodies is defined 
by n coordinates 6^ and the work of the external 
forces due to a small displacement is 2P^0. 
There are r smooth contacts^ the breaking of 
each being determined by a condition 2a20 
positive. Assuming the principle of virtual 
worky obtain all the conditions of equilibrium. 

S. Each of the joints of a plane quadrilateral frame, 
ABCD requires a couple L to move it Show 
that die puD; along the diagonal AC required to 
, deform the frame is 

2Lr sinif sin D " 1 

ll!\jiiiBCA sin BAC ^ siuDCA^inDAdj 

3. Investigate the condition that a system of forces 
should reduce to a single force^ and determine its 
magnitude and position. 

,y Google 


A heavy body of any fonn rests on two rough 
Tertical curres in parallel planes touching them 
at the points A, B. The line AB is horizontal 
and perpendicular to the planes of the curves 
which have horizontal tangents at A and B. 
The vertical 6^ Jf through the centre of gravity of 
the body meets AB in Jf. Show that the con- 
dition of stability is 

Qj^^AM p'R ^BM pB 

AB p' -^M AB p-^JR 

where p, p are the radii of curvature of tha 
curves at A, B, and B, B those of the sections 
of the body by the planes of the curves. 

5. Investigate the Cartesian equation of the catenary 

of a neavy chain of variable section which is at 
the point of breaking at every point. 

6. Two fine smooth extensible strings^ one resting on 

the other, are attached to the same two points. 
Show that the curve assumed under gravity is 
given by 

T+ T' = (J sec >// 

mm'ff \ \J \ \' J ^ 

where p is the radius of curvature, i^ the angle 
the tangent makes with the horizontal, and T, T' 
the tensions of the strings. 


, Google 


7. Find the potential of a solid homogeneous ellipsoid 

as a single integral, using that of a homoeoidal 
shell if necessary. 

8. A homogeneous gravitating solid is hounded hj a 

sinp^le closed surface, which is an equipotential, 
and all the internal equipotentials are similar, 
and similarly situated concentric surfaces. Shew 
that the solid is a sphere. 

9. Prove Thomson's theorem that in a perfect fluid 

and deduce the ordinary expressions for the 
pressure in the cases of irrotational and steady- 

10. A long canal of rectangular section leaks slightly 

from a small crack extending across its bottom. 
If 0, ;// are the velocity and stream ftmctions, prove 

that to a first approximation ^ + i ;// = — — log" 

cosh oT (^ + W) *^^ *^** *^® ^'^^^ ^^ ^^® s'"'" 

face is given by y =: r. , g tanh*^ -ot* where x is 

measured along the canal^ h is its depth and Q 
is the leakage per unit length per unit time. 

11. Obtain an expression for the velocity potential due 

to a system of vortex filaments in an infinite 

,y Google 


I^ Board ofUxaminers. 

1. Shew that if one central orbit is the orthogo- 

nal projection of another, and their centres 
correspond, the positions of the particles also 

A particle describes a circle of radius, a under 
a centre of force (taken as origin), at a distance 
b from the centre along the axis of x. 

Shew that the force 

2. Obtain the general equations of motion of a 

particle referred to axes moving with the earth, 
and demonstrate Foucault's property of the 

8. A heavy rotating disc of radius a is placed gently 
in a vertical plane on two rough pegs at the 
same level, and at distance 2c apart. If \ is the 
angle of friction, shew that the disc will remain 
on the pegs if sin \ <^/a, and that it comes to 
rest in time >/a* — cf^ wig sin 2X, where w is the 
initial angular velocity. 

4. Investigate the general equations of motion of a 
dynamical system in the Hamiltonian form. 

6. A body whose surface is F {x, ^, z) zzo is slightly 
deformed, so that the point P (x, y, z) comes to 

,y Google 


Q{x +u, y -¥ Vf z + w). Shew that if the di- 
rection cosines of the normal to the surface at P 
were I, fH,n,ihoBetLt Qaiel{l-^efi +Jm^ + ffn^ 

, , 7 , 7 N J du dv dm 

+ amn + ftnZ + em) ^ I -^ m-^ -r- 

<HP dx ^ dx 

and two similar; e^f^ g, a, b, e being the elements 

of strain. 

6. If <l>, yj/ satisfy Laplace's equation, and are finite 

and continuous through the space exterior to the 
sur&ces 5, shew that 

where the integrals are taken orer the surfaces. 

Hence shew how to find the motion of a liquid 
due to given motions of bodies in it when the 
motion due to a source at all points in the 
presence of the bodies is known. 

7. A rectangular canal of depth h and length t con- 

tains liquid which is under the influence of a 
small uniform simple harmonic force of period 
27r/p, and intensity JT. Shew that the velocity 
potential of the resulting motion is ^ n S JT -4.„ 
cosh n (y + A) cos 7w? cos (pt + a) where An = 
^pjirn^ {gn sinh nh — p^ cosh nh) x being 
measured along the canal, and y vertically 

8. Express xZ^ in surface harmonics over the sphere 
Tzza where Z^ is a solid harmonic of order n. 

,y Google 

FINAL H0N0t7R WULM. IN ARTS, FEB., 1802. 89 

A nearly spherical solid r = a (1 + aZ^) moves 
with velocity V parallel to the axis of a? in 
mfiaite liquid. Shew that the velocity poten- 
tial is 

* '^ t» ^ "^ ^ ffj (2ot + 1) r*-» " <& 

+ 1 dxf^+' 

9. A rigid body in an infinite liquid with one point 
fixed, moves, under, any forces, as if the liquid 
were not present, and the form and mass of the 
body were different. 

10. A body is floating; in liquid, and is turned through 
a small angle 0, about a line in the surface, with- 
out altering the displacement. Shew that the 
change of potential energy is ^ W€^[^A^I F— 
^6r], where AJ^ is the moment of inertia of the 
plane of flotation about its undisplaced line ; Fis 
the volume immersed, ^its centroid, and Q that 
of the body. Deduce the condition of stability. 

,y Google 




General Physics and Heat. 

Th$ Board of Examiners. 

1« Describe fully and give the theory of the method 
of determining by torsional vibrations the modu- 
lus of rigidity of a substance. 

2. Describe a method of determining the absolute 

density of a gas. 

Obtain a formula including all necessary cor- 
rections which shall give the absolute density in 
terms of the results of experiment. 

3. Describe Amsler's planimeter^ and give the theory 

of it. 

4. Describe how to determine the absolute pressure 

of saturated water vapour for temperatures rang^- 
ing between — 80° C, and 200° C. 

6. If you were asked to investigate the correctness of 
a law of cooling expressed^ say^ by 


,y Google 


where a is a constant and and r are the abso- 
lute temperatures of the hot body and the enclo- 
sure respectively, for a range between these of 
200° C, how would you proceed ? 

6. Knd the law of the permanent temperatures in a 
' metal bar one end of which is kept at a constant 


Describe Ingenhaus's experiment, and show 
that if you use in it two similar bars of the same 
dimensions but of different materials, then their 
conductivities are proportional to the squares of 
the lengths of partdSn melted. 

7. Describe Jamin's experimental method for deter- 

mining the ratio of the two specific heats of air^ 
and discuss the theory of the method. 

8. Write a short account of the Second Law of Ther- 


9. Describe fully how, by means of a diagram, the 

thermal properties of a vapour in presence of its 
liquid can be represented. 

If m be the specific heat of the substance in 
the liquid state and m^ its specific heat in the 
state of saturated vapour at the same temperature 
(6)5 prove that 

- ml = ^(e) 


where L is the latent heat of vaporisation at the 
same temperature. 

,y Google 

10« If liirea •qual masses lof tbe same substance at 
tempeiBtures ^y €» 63, be enclosed in m vessel 
impervious to heat, show that the utmost amoant 
of work that can be derived from them^ ussaming 
that the specific heat c of the substance is con- 

staiit^ is 

« c (61 + lO, -f a, - 8 V01 d^^} 
where m is the mass of one of liie bodies. 

^ow abo that the final oommon temperature 
is = >/«i0, 6,' 


Sound aitb Light. 

The Board of Examiners* 

1. Explain fully the principle of sympathetic resonance, 

and how it has been applied to the investigation 
of complex musical notes. 

2. Investigate the effect on the apparent pitch of a 

musical note when the listener^ the source of 
sound^ and the medium, are all in motion with 
different velocities in the line joining the source 
and listener. 

3. Show how to calculate the positions of loops and 

nodes in open and closed organ pipes, and now to 
calculate the velocity of sound by means of them. 
In this method for velocity an error com^s in ; 
what is ity and how can it be eliminated ? 

Digitized by Google 


4. Describe and give the theory of the optical method 
of determining the focal length of a spherical 
mirror of small curvature. 

6. Show that two thin lenses in contact achromatise 

if their focal lengths are of opposite signs and 
directly proportional to the dispersive powers of 
their material. 

& A parallel beam of homogeneous light falls on a 
screen. If a straight fine wire be interposed in 
the path of the beam^ determine the effect on the 

7. Determine, by Gomu's method, the illumination 

produced by light diffracted at a grating. 

-8. Give a short account of Eundt's investigations on 
anomalous dispersion. 

9. Describe fully how to determine the directions and 
the relative magnitudes of the axes of an elliptic- 
a!ly polarized ray. 

10. Describe some good form of polarimeter, and show 
how, by its means, the rotation of the plane of 
polariisatioii may be accurately detercnineoL Why 
IS it that a pair of NicoFs prisms are unsuitable 
for this experiment ? 

,y Google 



Elbotricitt and Maqnbtism. 

The Board of JExaminers. 

1. Discuss the application of the terms conservation 

and ineompressibility to electricity* citing* and 
explaining fully what fundamental experiments 
seem to you to justify the application. 

Criticise the expression inertia of electricity. 

2. Determine the distiibution of electricity on the 

sur&ce of a conducting sphere connected with 
the earth due to the presence of an electrified 
point external to it. 

3. Describe fuUy and give the theory of Thomson's 

Absolute Electrometer. 

4. Describe fully any accurate method for determining^ 

the specific inductiye capacity of a dielectric. 

6. Prove that the capacity of any number of coi> 
densers joined together in cascade is eoual to the 
reciprocal of the sum of the reciprocals of theiR 
respective capacities. 

From three one-third microfarad condense: 
how many condensers of difierent capacities 
be obtained by combining them ? 

,y Google 


Show that the equation of motion of a ballistic 
galvanometer needle making small vibrations can 
be put in the form 

^ + 2.^ + ^^6 = 0. 
Obtain a solution of this in the form 

~" w \dt/o 

6 == - 1 3^ ) ^ sin w^ . 

Prove that the vibrations are isochronous, and 
show how to determine the values of k and fi 
from observations of the swinging needle. 

7. Prove that the line integral of magnetic force 

round a closed path that embraces a wire 
carrying a current C is = 4^0. 

A circular ring of non-magnetic material and 
rectangular section, the edges of the section being 
parallel to the plane and axis of the ring and 
equal to 2x and 2t/ respectively, is uniformly 
wound with wire all round the ring as a con- 
tinuous helix. If there be n turns of wire per 
linear centimetre of the mean circumference of 
the ring, and if a be its mean radius, prove that 
the total number of magnetic lines that traverse 
the ring, due to a current C in the wire, is 
equal to 

8. Describe how to compare two very low resistances. 

Give the theory of the method. 

,y Google 


9. Gire a short account of themiQ-eleetric pkeno*- 
BMna. Deaeribe how a thermo-electcic diagram 
is constructed^ and show how to obtain: Tait's 

for the thermo-electric power. 

10. Describe how to compare ihe coefficients of self 
induction of two coils^ and give the theory of 
the method. 


Speoial Coubse — Elsctrxc LiaHTiiro. 

Professor Lyle, 

1. Describe the construction of an open coil and of a 

closed coil armature. 

Explain the action of each^, and discuss their 
relativa merits* 

2. Describe the construbtion, and give the theory^ of a 

constant potential compound-dynamo. 

3. Obtain the theoretical formula for the efficiency of 

a transformer ; 

or Describe an experimental method of deter- 
mining the efficiency of a transformer. 

Digitized by Google 


L Doaovibe the three-wire ayetesa^ asd the alternates 
current transfonaer ayataa of eleetnc lighting. 

6.1 Describe Gardew's volt m»tet, and any fbm of 
altcvnate-ourrent met«r. 

6. Draw up a complete plan for lighting both streets 

and bouses of a small town^ say of balf-arBiile 

7. A large house is lighted on the continuous current 

plan^ the current being supplied from the city 
mains. Describe fully what devices are neces- 
sary^ and how they are arranged in order to 
secure safety to property and person. 

8. Describe ftilly how to determine the insulation 

resistance of an installation. 

N.B. — Thejirst three guestiom count double. 


TiBST Day. 

Thg Board of Exavninero. 

L. Examine the accuracy of ruling of a diffiraction 

2, Determine Poisson's ratio for indiarubber. 

3. Determine the specific gravity of pumice^ making 

all corrections. 

,y Google 


4. Find the dispersiye power of the given prism, and 

draw its wave length curve. 

5. Find by the optical bench the wave length of 

yellow light, and apply your result to determine 
the thiclmess of a narrow cylinder. 

6. Determine the coefficient of expansion of air. 

7. Determine the relative humidity of the air of the 

room, and calculate the weight of one litre 


Second Day. 

Ths Board of Eocaminert. 

1. Determine the earth's magnetic intensity. 

2. Find the rate of variation with temperature of the 

specific resistance of German silver. 

8. Determine absolutely the capacity of a condenser. 

4. Investigate the magnetisation curve for the given 
specimen of iron. 

6. Investigate the constants and behaviour of a com- 
pound dynamo. 

6. Test the insulation resistance of the given material. 

,y Google 

FINAL Hoironm exah. in abts, feb.^ 1892. 49 


Paper No. 1, 
The Board of Examiners. 

1. How is the truth of .Grooian mytibiioal nairatiYea 

to he estimated? 

2. What in early times was the position of a 

daughter^ with reference to the paternal power? 

5. Shew that in early Greece the means of defence 

were generally superior to the means of attack^ 
and that consequences important to civilization 

4. What is the explanation of the remarkable in* 
flue&ce which the Homeric poems have alwaya 
retained over the human mind ? 

6« Shaw how the character and history of the Grecian 
people were influanoed by the physical geography 
of tneir country. 

6. What appears to be the true explanation of the 

anti-monarchical sentiment which gradually de- 
T«loped in early Greece ? 

7« Shew ihat the growth of Greeian art tended to 
promote Hellenic union ? 


,y Google 


8. Did the le^lation of Lycorgus provide for an 

equal partition of lands ? 

9. Discuss the historical reality of the so-called 

peace of Gimon. 

10. What were the advantages supposed to be ob* 

tained from the large number of persons in the 
Athenian dikasteries? 

11. How might an Athenian have justified the con- 

demnation of Socrates ? 

12. Explain and illustrate from history the custom of 

the three descents. 

Paper No. 2. 

Ths Board of Examiners. 

1. Discuss the main characteristics of the common 

law of early Rome. 

2. Shew the influence of £truria upon the customs 

and institutions of early Some. 

8. Oive, briefly, the history of the changes in the 
military organization of Rome. 

4. Describe, shortly, the origin and functions of the 
several Gomitia at Rome, and notice their eondi* 
tion and powers under Augustus and Tiberius 

,y Google 


5. Sketch the history of the Equites, pointing out 

how they became an ordo in the State. 

6. Consider the political value of the Tribunate. 

7. Give some account of the provincial organization 

of Spain. 

8. How did the need of special organization in Egypt 

arise ? How was it met? 

9. Trace^ briefly, the history of the relations between 

Bome and the Jews. 

10. Shew that the transition from Domitian to Nerva 

marks an important epoch. What parallel in 
English history may be instituted? 

11. Discuss the influence of Justinian's reign on the 

moral and political condition of the Empire. 

12. What year would you fix as marking^ the termin- 

ation of the Roman Empire in the East, and for 
what reasons ? 

Paper No. 8. 
The Bowrd of JSxaminers. 

1. Sketch the political condition of England in the 
of Edff 

time of Edgar. 

toiy ( 

2. Trace the history of the Ceorl to the close of the 
Norman perio 

E 2 

,y Google 

S3 £XAMiNArio>r I'APfiRd) 

3 Describe conmeij the state of Ireland at the time 
of Henry the Second's landing. 

4. Explain the feudal incident of Marriage. In the 
Kingdom of Jerusalem a remarkable law on this 
subject previailed. What was it? Where and 
what was the Kingdom of Jerusalem ? 

64 On what grounds may it be held that the Des- 
pensers rendered valuable sei^iced in framing the 
constitution of England ? 

6. What was Tallage ? What wa« Sctitage? When 

and why were they discontinued ? 

7. How would you formulate the principles of the 

party which supported the prerogative claimed 
oy Kichard the Second ? 

8. How would you formulate the principles of the 

party which opposed the prerogative claimed by 
Kichard the Second ? 

9. Explain the phrase ^^the three Estates of the 

Realm." What is meant by an Estate ? 

10. Trace the history of the distinction between the 

ordinary and the extraordinary revenue of the 

11. State and explain the cause of the fall of Henry 

the Sixth. 

12. Trace briefly the history of the right to alienate 

land in fiug^and^ down to the reign of Henty 
the Eighth. 

,y Google 

FINAL H0;K0UK BXAM* IN ^RT9> FEB.^ 1892. M 

Paper No. 4. 
Thfi Board of Examiners^ 

1. What were the dangers to which Henry the 

S^vQuth was exposed ? How did b^ QounterAct 

2. Trace shortly the history of the theory of the 

Royal prerogative. 

8. What were the *' monopolies " of Elizabeth's time ? 
How did her Parliaments des^l with them ? 

4:« What do you oonqeiv^ to have been " the principal 
grievance under the Tudors " ? Qive instances. 

^, Give some account of the administration oS'Sii 
Arthur Gbiches^ter in Ireland' 

6. Oive a brief summary of the legislation of the 

reigft of Charley the Secoud, 

7. Mention and discuss some of the principal im- 

peachmeuts since the reign pf Jaoie^ the JFlrstt 

8. Examine briefly any ^^ebullitions of epidemical 

enthusiasm" i» reference to religion that y<>u 
j»ay have obwrved in your readiug. 

9. What is the meaning of Dfae statement that *^ the 

slavery of native Sdotchmen continued to be 
recognised in that country to th^ very end of 
last century ? " 

,y Google 


10. Discuss the obligations of a party leader, and con- 

sider in particular the conduct of Sir Robert Peel 
regarding the great measures of 1829 and 1846. 

11. What changes in Indian administration are due 

to Lord William Bentinck p 

12. Explain the Imperial legislation of 1850 in regard 

to the Australian colonies. 

Paper No. 6. 
7%^ Board of ExaminerB. 

1. What meaning does Adam Smith give to the 

phrase Political Economy ? 

2. Into what periods may the economic development 

of society be divided ? Give the characteristics 
of each period. 

8. Consider Political Economy as an aid to the 
interpretation of History. 

4. Consider the relation of Statistics to Political 

5.. Can you construct a formula which will define 
precisely the limits, positive and negative, of 
State interference ? 

6. Distinguish between Anarchy, Co^imunism, and 
Socisdism^ and trace the different phases of 
Socialism during the last century. 

,y Google 


7* Explain iully what is meant by a Market. 

8. Explain the nature and functions of Capital, as 

understood in modem industrial society. 

9. State generally the conditions which determine 

the purchasing power of money. Discuss the 
causes which make it difficult to measure changes 
in the value of money. 

10. What are the several evils to which paper cur- 

rency generally is liable. Do they, or any of 
them, admit of counteraction ? 

11. State concisely the main features of the theory of 

Wages, propounded by Mr. Mill and Professor 
Walker respectively. Add any criticism you 
may think requisite. 

12. Give an estimate of Malthus as an economist. 

Paper No. 6. 
The Board of Examiners. 

\. Shew that practical evils have resulted^ from 
ignoring .the scientific character of the study of 
Political Economy. 

S. Considered logically, an economic law differs in 

certain circumstances from a law of an advanced 

physical science. What are the circumstanOs^, 

. and how does their existence affect the solution 

of economic problems ? 

,y Google 


8. Shew the error of the ordinary arguments fnxn 
historical examples. 

4. Shew that disoaBsion upon forms of government in 
the abstract is of no value. 

6. What is evolution ? What is super-organic evo- 

6. Illustrate the application of evolution to history. 

7. Illustrate the application of evolution to industrial 


. 8. Explain and illustrate the statements that in 
human actions — 

(a) The absolutely bad may be relatively good. 

(5) The absolutely good may be relatively bad. 

9. Explain and illustrate the statement that an 
unwritten law enforced bv opinion is more 
peremptory than a written law not so enforced. 

10. Trace briefly the chief stages in the growth and 

development of the body economic since Edward 
tlie First. 

11. Is it true that the advance of civilization is ac- 

companied by a tendency to pass from superior 
to inferior sous ? 

13. What appears to have been the real question at 
issue between Anselm and tiie Grown at the 
beginning of the twelfth oentaiy? 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. Examine the meaning given by Austin to the 

word '^ title," and comment on his objections to 
the use of the term by English lawyers. 

2. State and criticise the meanings which have been 

assigned to the phrase Jus Publicum^ and the 
place (if any) which should be assigned to it in a 
scientific classification of law. 

5. Criticise the division of the Corpus Juris into jus 

personarum, jus rerttrn, and jus aetionumy and 
criticise the statement of Austin that it is a gross 
logical error. 

4. Explain and comment on Austin's statement that 
me distinction between Law and Equity Tmean- 
ing by Equity, a portion or department of law) is 
not deducible from the universal ])rincip]es of 
jurisprudence, but is accidental and anomalous. 

6. Give a concise statement of Austin's remarks on 

customary law^ and criticise Maine's opinion that 
they are comparatively unfruitful. 

6* Sketch the history of the growth of the conception 
of territorial sovereignty. 

7. '^ The truth is that the Emphyteusis, not probably 

as yet known by its GreeK designation, marks 
one stage in a current of ideas which Idd 
oltimatdy to feudalism." — ^Maine. 
Explain this statement 

,y Google 


8. How do yon explain the &ct that the more archaic 

the coile the fuller and minuter is its penal 
legislation ? 

9. What was the reason for the vehement distaste of 

Intestacy in Roman society? 

10. What is Seebohm's opinion of the ori^n of the 
Manor system in England, and state snortly the 
grounds upon which it is founded. 



First Paper. 

I%e Board of Examiners. 

1. In Piers the Plowman, what account is ffiven of 

the state of religion in England, ana of the 
popular feeling towards the Church? Does it 
diner from Chaucer's ? 

2. Explain the words — Goliardeys, limitour, wastel, 

handidandi. What is the origin of rigmarole and 
treacle 7 . ; 

3. Is it true that in Chaucer's day there was much 

greater variety in social conditions than now, and 
consequently more colour in life ? 

,y Google 


4* Describe fullr two of the company that rode forth 
from the Tabard, one man and one woman. 

6. Explain the following passages, giving the mean- 
« ing of peculiar words, and showing me constmc- 

tion, wneneyer it seems unusual : — 

(a) Him wolde he snibben sharply for the nones. 
A bettre preest, I trowe that nowher non is. 
He wayted after no pompe and reverence^ 
Ne maked him a spyced conscience, 
But Gristes lore, and his apostles twelve, 
He taughte, but first he folwed it him-selve. 

• (J) His lambeux were of quyrboilly, 
His swerdes shethe of yuory, . 

His helm, of laton bryght; 
His sadel was of rewel boon. 

(c) I seye, he took out of his own sleue, 
A teyne of siluer (yuel moot he cheue !) 
Which that ne was nat but an ounce of weigh te ; 
And taketh heed now of his cursed sleighte. 

6. Which do you consider the most interesting 
character m the play of Xing John? Write a 
short analysis of it. 

7« Show the bearing of the following passages from 
JRng John on Shakspeare's own time : — 

(a) That water-walled bulwark, still secure /; 
And confident from foreign purposes. 

(b) Add thus much more, that no Italian priest 
Shall tithe or toll in our dominions. 

(e) This England never did, nor ndvet shall, 
Lie at the proud foot of a conqueror, 
But when it first did help to wound itself. 

,y Google 


8. Oa which sid9 was Shokspeare's ajmpftthy in thiB 
jravolution d98<^ribed in JRichiurd IIS 

9« Quote a passage from Richard IL^ not more than 
a dozen lines. Write a few words of comment, 
explaining why you like the passage. 

10. Write an account of Spenser^s life up to the first 

publication of the Faery Queene, 

11. Did Shakspeare '^unlock his heart*' with the 

** small key ^ of the sonnet ? 

12. Compare Harlow's style with that of Sbakspeare^s 
early plays. 


Second Paper. 

The Board of JExamin^ra, 

1, Oive the substance of either Polonius' advice to 

his son, or Hamlet's advice to the players. Do 
you consider the advice valuable ? 

2. Explain briefly the following from Hamlet :-*- 
(a) The sledded Polacks. 

(J) Hyperion to a satyr. 

((?).«.. witji swinish phrase 
Soil our addition. 

(d) Unhouserd^ disappointed^ UiMuded. 

,y Google 


(e) I know «t hawk irofm a handsaw, 
(y) .... the enginer 

Hoist with his own petar. 
(g) GbadneeS) growing to a plurisy. 

3. Arrange in order the causes that destroyed the 

balance of Lear's mind. 

4. From Bacon's Essays^ what idea do we gain of the 

politicians of his time? Do you think they 
compare favourably with politicians of other 

5. Give the substance of one of the following essays: 

—Of Nobility. Of Riches. Of Paction. 

6. What is j'our estimate of Milton's Minor Poems ? 

7. What is the meaning of the name ^' Areopagitica" ? 

8. Explain the following from the Areopagitica:— 
(«) That ethereal or fift essence. 

(J) The Cynick impudence. 

(p) Whether the author .... shall to the 
press or to the spunge. 

{d) A fugitive and cloister'd vertue. 

{e) his ayrie Burgomasters. 

•9. What are the arguments for and against the siA- 
cerity of Drydena's conversion T 

10. Quote a few lines from the " Essay on Man,** and 
show from them the beauty of Fope's language. 
Is this accompanied by meagreness of thought ? 

,y Google 


11. What is the importance of the publication of 


12. " Oh, I could thrash his old jacket till I made his 

Esnsion jingle in his pocket." What made 
owper so angry with Jonnson's Life of Milton ? 


Third Paper. 

The Board of Eicaminers. 

1, Write the substance of Matthew Arnold's essay on 


2. («) Into what parts is In Memoriam divided? 

Give a short sketch of each. 

(J) Is the cycle entitled The Idylls of the King 
allegorical ? Give reasons for your answer. 

. 3. Who was Paracelsus ? Give some account of the 
parts into 'which Browning's Paracelmis is 

4. What is Garlyle's43olution of Paganism? 

5. Write a short note on each of the following quota- 

tions from Heroes and JELero-worship: — 
, («) Have a care, there is the Eager coming. 
(J) It is Igdrasil, the tree of Existence. 
: {c) Hegiray as they name it» 

,y Google 


(d) The three kingdoms, Inferno^ Purgatorio, 


(e) The monk Tetzel. 

(y) Boswell's admiration was well bestowed. 

6. Explain the following passages from Tennyson: — 

{a) And last the master-bowman, he 

Would cleave the mark. — In Memariam, 

. (b) I felt the thews of Anakim, 

The pulses of a Titan's heart. — In Memoriam. 

(fi) The red fool-fiiry of the Seine. — In Memoriam. 

(d) There likewise I beheld Excalibur.— 2%^ 

Commg of Arthur, 

(e) But Vivien, into Camelot stealing, lodged 
Low in the city. — Merlin and Vivien. 

(J) And down the long beam stole the Holy 
Grail.— ^A^ Holy Grail 

7» Explain the following passages from Browning: — 

(a) He guides me and the bird. In his good 
time I — Paraeehus. 

(J) Jove strikes tlie Titans down. 

Not when they set about their mountain- 
piling. — ParaeeUm. 

{e) Would it might tarry like his, the beautiful 
building of mine. — Abt Voghr. 

(d) Thou, heaven's consummate cup, what need'st 
thou with earth's wheel r—iZaJW Pen 

Ezra. . . 

{e) He, whole in body and soul, outstrips 

Man, found with either in default.-^2>l< 
alitor visum. 

,y Google 


8. Gomineiit on^ and, where secessaiTy (d) complete 

the following quotations from Matthew Arnold : — 

(a) That famous document of tlie early poelay of 

his nation, the Chamon de Bolana. 

(b) The fantastic Johnny Keats invented by Lord 

Byron and the reviewers. 

(c) Mr. Tennyson's deeisiTe appearance dates from 

(d) Byron has not a great artist's profound and 

patient »kill in combining an action or in 
developing a character, but. • • • 

(e) A beautiful and ineffectual angel, beating in 

the void his luminous win^s in vain. 

(f) It is somewhat late to speak of Amiel. 

9. '^ Of all the poets misnamed Lake Poets, William 

Wordsworth was die greatest. • . . The poet of 
Nature in this special way, Wordsworth is even 
more the Poet of Man." — Stopford BROQKiEb; 
Discuss these statements. 

10. Name the author of each of the following works, 
and write a short notice of one writer from each 
group : — 

(a) Chiy Manneringj Vanity Fair^ The Mill an 
the FlosB. 

(J) Chastelardj The Ea/rthly Paradise^ The lAght 
of Ada. 

(c) Evangeline, The Vision of ^r Launfal, The 


(d) Tales from Shdkspearej Modem Painters, 

lAterature and Dogma. 

,y Google 



Fourth Paper. 

The Board of Exarm/ners. 

. Write an essay on one of the following subjects: — 
{a) '* In Books lies the soul of the whole of Past 
Time." — Carlyle. 

(b) *^ Keats marks the exhaustion of the impulse 

which began with Burns and Cowper." 
— Stopford Brooke. 

(c) ^' It seems to me that the only just estimate of 

Tennyson's position is that which declares 
him to be^ by eminence, the representative 
poet of the recent [ Victorian] era." 

— Stedman. 


First Paper. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Translate the following passages from the Chan.9on 
de Boland: — 
(a) Sour pdlies blans siedent cil chevalier^ 
As tables jueent por els esbaneier^ 
Ed as eschds li plus sage e li vieil, 
Ed escremissent cil bacheier legier. 
DessoE un pin, delez un aiglentier, 
Un faldestuel i out fait tot d'or mier. 


,y Google 


(b) Son elme ad or li deslagat del chief, 
Si li tolit lo blanc osberc legier, 

E son blidalt li at tot detrenchi^t : 
Des pans li at ses granz plaies lei6t ; 
Gontre son piz puis si I'at embraci6t, 
Sour Terbe verte puis Tat soef colcbi^t. 
Molt dolcement li at Rodlanz prei^t : 
" E ! gentilz om, car me donez consiet : 
Noz compaignoDS que oiimes tant cniers, 
Or sont il mort, nes i devons laissier. 
Jos vueil aler e querre ed entercier, 
Dedevant vos joster ed enrengier." 

(c) Dedevant sei les at faiz toz ovrir 
E toz les cuers en p41ie recoillir. 

En blans sarcous ae marbre sont enz mis ; 
E puis les cors des barons si ont pris, 
En cuirs de cers les treis seignors ont mis : 
Bien sont lav^t de piment e de vin. 

2. Translate— 

(a) ^^ Lors si encomeuQoit la teuQons de moi et de 
maistre Kobert de Sorbon. Quant nous avions 
grant piece desput^, si rendoit sa sentence, et disoit 
ainsi : *' Maistre Kobers, je voudroie bien avoir 
le non de preudome, mais que je le fusse, et tous 
li remanans vous demourast; car preudons est si 
grans chose et si bone chose que neis au nomer 
emplist il la bouche." 

What do you know about Robert de Sorbon ? 

(b) Au darien il amenerent un vilain a pi6 qui leur 
jeta trois ibis le feu greiois : Tune des fois recoilli 
Guill^uimes de Bouon le pot de feu grejois a sa 
rouele ; et s'il se ftist pris a rien seur lui il eiist 
est6 tous ars. Nous estions tuit couvert de pilds 

,y Google 


qui eschapoient des sergens. Or avint ainsi que 
je trouvai un gamboison d'estoupes a un Sarrazin : 
je tournai le fendu devers moi et fis escu deu 
gamboison^ qui m'eut grant mestier. 

Write a short comment. 

(c) Quant je m'esveillai^ si m'apensai, et me sembla 
qu'il plaisoit a Dieu et a lui que je le berberjasse 
en ma chapele ; et je si ai fait^ car j'i ai establi 
un autel a I'oneur de Dieu et de lui, la ou Ton 
cbantera a tous jours mais en Foneur de lui, et i a 
rente perpetuelment establie pour ce faire.— 


Write a note on herberjasse. 

8. Translate— 

J'escris mon livre k peu d'hommes et k peu 
d'annees. Si c'eust este une matiere de duree^ il 
Teust fallu comma ttre h un langage plus ferme. 
Selon la variation continuelle qui a suivy le nostre 
jusques k cette heure, qui peult esperer que sa 
forme presente soit en usage d'icj k cinquante 
ans ? il escoule touts les jours de nos mains ; et, 
depuis que je vis, s'est altera de moiti6. Nous 
disons qu'il est asture parfaict : autant en diet du 
sien chasque siecle. Je n'ay garde de Pen tenir 
1^, tant qu'il fuyra et s'ira difformant comme il 
faict. C'est auz bons et utiles escripts de le 
clouer k eulx ; et ira son credit selon la fortune 
de nostre estat. Pourtant ne crains je point d'y 
inserer plusieurs articles privez qui consument 
leur usage entre les bommes qui vivent aujour- 
d'buy, et qui touchent la particuliere science 
d'aulcuns, qui y verront plus avant que de la 
commune intelligence. — Montaigne. 

F 2 

,y Google 


4. Write out the sabetanoe of Paninge's praise of debt. 

5. Translate— 

(a) Or miand de yoiis se souviendra, 
L'agiiillon d'honnenr Fespoindra 
Anx armes et Yertaeux raict. 

£t s*il en sortoit qnelqne effeet 

Digne d'nne loaenge entiere 

Voos en seriez seule heritiere. 

De Yostre cnenr done yoos sonvienne : 

Car si Diea yenlt qne je revienne, 

Je le rendraj en ce bean lien. 

Or je feis fin k mon Adieu. 

(b) Mes creanciers qui de Dixains n'ont cure, 
Ont leu le yostre: et snr ce leur ay diet: 

'** Sire Michel, sire Bonaventure, 
La soeur du Roy a pour moy faict ce diet:" 
Lors eulx cuydans que fnsse en grand credit^ 
M'ont appall Monsieur a cry et cor : 
Et m'a vain vo^tre escript autant qu'or : 
Car promis ont, non seulement d'attendre, 
Mais d'en prester (foy de marchant) encor: 
Et j'ay promis^ foy de Clement, d'en prendre. 

— Marot. 

6. What is the place of Ronsard in French Litera- 


7. Translate — 

(a) Flatteuse illusion, erreur douce et grossidre, 
Vain effort de mon &me, impuissante lumidre, 
De qui le faux brillant prend droit de m'^blouir. 
Que tu sais pen durer, et t6t t'^vanouir ! 
Pareille h ces Eclairs qui, dans le fort des ombres, 
Poussent un jour qui fuit, et rend las nuits plus 

,y Google 


Tu n'as £rapp6 mes jeux d'un moment de clartS 

Que pour les abtmer dans plus d'obscurit6. 

Tu cnarmais trop ma peine ; et le ciel^ qui s'en 

Me vend dej^ bien cber ce moment de rel^he. 
(J) Ton ardeur criminelle h la vengeance aspire I 

Ta bouche la demande^ et ton coeur la respire ! 

Suis moins ta passion^ rdgle mieux tes d^sirs^ 

Ne me fais plus rougir d'entendre tes soupirs: 

Tes flammes d6sormais doivent 6tre 6touu6eB; 

Bannis-les de ton &me, et songe ^ mes tropb^es; 

Qu'ils soient dor^navant ton unique entretien. 


8. What is the cardinal idea of Corneille's Cid f 

9. Translate— 

(a) Seigneur^ je le vois bien, votre &me pr^venue 
A6pand sur mes discours le venin oui la tue, 
Toujours dans mes raisons cherche quelque 

Et croit qu'en moi la haine est un effort d'amour^ 
II faut done m'expliquer: vous agirez ensuite. 
Yous savez qu'en ces lieux mon devoir m'a 

Mon devoir m*y retient, et je n'en puir partir 
Que mon p^re ou Pjrrhus ne m'n lasse sortir. 

(b) Je vais done, puisqu'il faut que je me sacrifie. 
Assurer h Pyrrhus le reste de ma vie; 

Je vaiS; en recevant sa foi sur les autels, 
L'engager h mon fils par des noeuds immortels. 
Mais aussitdt ma main, k moi seule funeste, 
D'une infid^le vie abr^gera le reste, 
Et sauvant ma vertu, rendra ce que je doi 
A Pyrrhus, h mon fils, h mon 6poux, k moi. 

— Racinb. 

,y Google 


10. Under what circumstances did Racine write 

Athalie f Do you think it a masterpiece 7 Give 
jour reasons. 

11. Translate— 

Joad (au Uv%te). 
H6 bien ! de cette impie a-t-on puni I'audace ? 

Une LSvite. 
Le fer a de sa yie expie les horrenrs. 
Jerusalem, lon^temps en proie k ses Aireurs, 
De son ioug odieux k la nn soulagde, 
Avec joie en son sang la regarde plong6e. 

Par cette fin terrible, et due k ses forfaits, 
Apprenezy roi des Juifs, et n'oubliez jamais 
Que les rois dans le ciel out un juge s^v^re, 
L'innocence un vengeur, et I'orphelin un pdre* 

12. Write a short account of Molidre's purpose in his 

different plays. 

18. Translate, with brief notes — 

(a) AL Mais ce flegme, monsieur, qui raisonnez 

si bien, 
Ce flegme pourra-t-il ne s'echauffer de rien f 
Et s'il faut, par hasard, qu'un ami vous trahisse^ 
Que, pour avoir vos biens, on dresse un artifibe^ 
On qu'on t&che k semer des m^chants bruits de 

Yerrez-vous tout cela sans vous mettre en 

courroux ? 
Phil. Oui, je vois ces d^fauts dont votre 

ftme murmure, 
Gomme vices unis k I'humaine nature ; 
Et mon esprit enfin n'est pas plus offens6 

,y Google 


De voir un homme fourbe, injuste, int^ress6, 
Que de Toir des vautours affiim^s de cuniage, 
Des singes malfaisants, et des loaps pleins de 

(5) Notre grand jiandrin de vicamte, par qui votes 
cort\mencez vos plaintes, est un homme qui ne 
saurait me revenir, 

(e) (d Ah) A vous le d6, monsieur. 

Pour Thonim£ aux ruhans verts, il me divertit 
quelquefois avec ses brusqueries et son chagrin 
oourru ; mais il est cent moments oilje le trouve 
le plus facheux du m,onde. Et pour Vhrnime d 
la veste. . . . 

(d Or.) Void votre paquet. 


Second Paper. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Translate into French — 

I strove with none, for none was worth my strife, 
Nature I loved, and next to Nature, Art; 

I warmed both hands before the fire of life, 
r It sinks, and I am ready to depart. 

% Translate into French-— 

The fight was over. It had been hot and fierce 

while it lasted, and the battered remnant of 
^ Southern troops, though at last they had ba^n 

forced to flight, leaving one-third their force on 

,y Google 


the field, had Itbinned the numbers of their con- 
querors. Though the smallest of the episodes of 
a war whose issue settled the future of the American 
continent and affected the history of all mankiady 
the battle had brought the peace of death to many 
a valiant hearty its bitterness to many a woman 
and child, who, all unaware, were praying, safe 
in distant cities, for the husbands and fathers 
whose lips would never more meet theirs. Over- 
head, the stars sparkled keenly in the frosty sky, 
but from the horizon a ridge or inky cloud spread 
upward to the zenith, threatening not only to 
quench their feeble fire, but to deepen the crisp 
powdery snow in which the landscape was 
smothered. The river ran like a long black 
snake between its whitened banks. 

8. Translate— 

(a) Et puis vous m'^crivez que votre chemin^e 
Surcharge en ce moment sa frise blasonn^e 
D'un tas d'anciens debris autrefois triomphants, 
De glaives, de cimiers essay^s des enfants, 
Qui souillent les doigts blancs de vos belles 

Et qu'enfin, — et c'est 1^ d'ou viennent vos 

ricnesses — 
Vos paysans, piquant les bosufs de Faiguillon, 
Ont ouvert un sipulcre en creusant un sillon. 
Votre camp de C6sar a subi leur entaille. 
Gar vous avez k vous tout un champ de bataille; 
Et vos durs biicherons, tout h&l^s par le vent, 
Du bruit de leur cogn^e ont trouble bien souvent^ 
Avec les noirs corbeaux s'enfuyant par volees^ 
Les ombres des h^ros k vos chines melees. 

(b) G'est dans ces moments-1^ que le jardin paisible^ 
La broussaille oti remue un insecte invisible, 

,y Google 


Le scarab^e ami des feuilles^ le lizard 
Gourant au clair de lune au fond du vienx 

La faience h fleur bleue oti vit la plante grasse, 
Le ddme oriental du sombre Val-de-Grdce, 
Le clottre du couvent, bris^, mais doux encor; 
Les marronniers, la verte allee aux boutons d'op. 
La statue oil sans bruit se meut Tombre des 

Les p&Ies liserons, les p&querettes blanches, 
Les cent fleurs du buisson, de Tarbre, du roseau. 
Qui rendent en parfiims ses chansons h Toiseau, 
Se mirent dans la mare, ou se cachent dans 

Ou qui, de I'^b^nier chargeant le front superbe, 
Au bord des clairs 6tangs se mSlant au bouleau, 
Tremblent en grappes d'or dans les moires de I'eau 
Et le ciel scintillant derri^re les ramies, 
Et les toits r^pandant de charmantes fum^es, 
G'est dans ces moments-1^, comme je vous le dis. 
Que tout ce beau jardin, radieux paradis, 
Tons ces vieux murs croulants, toiites ces jeunes 

Tons ces objets pensifs, toutes ces douces choses, 
Parldrent k ma mere avec I'onde et le vent, 
Et lui dirent tout has: — "Laisse-nous cet 

enfant." — Victor Hugo. 

Write fiill notes on the words blasonn^e and 

4. Translate, adding very brief notes where you think 
them required : — 

(a) Gette pi^ce, dont les deux crois^es donnaient 
sur la rue, 6tait planch^i^e; des panueaux gris, 
k moulures antiques, la boisaient du haut en bas ; 

,y Google 


son plafond se composait de poutres apparentes, 
^galement peintes en gris, dont les entre-deux 
^talent remplis de blanc en bourre qui avait jaum. 
UnTieax cartel decnivre, incrust^ d'arabesques en 
cniTre, omait le manteau de la chemin^ en pierre 
blanche, mal sculpt^, snr lequel 6tait nne glace 
rerd&tre, dont les cdti^s^ coupes en biseaa pour en 
montrer I'^paisseur, refl^taient un filet de lumidre 
le long d'un trumeau gothique en acier damas- 

(b) Quelques nns des paysans^ et c'^tait le plus 
grand nombre, allaient pieds nus, ayant pour tout 
v^tement une grande peau de cn^vre qui les 
couvrait depuis le col jusqu'aux genoux, et un 
pantalon de toile blanche trSs-grossidre^ dont le 
fil mal tondu accusait I'incurie industrielle du 
pays. Les m^ches plates de leurs longs cheveux 
s'unissaient si habituellement aux polls de la peau 
de ch^vre, et cachaient si compl^tement leurs 
visages baiss^ vers la terre, qu*on pouvait facile- 
ment prendre cette peau pour la leur^ et confondre 
h la premidre vue ces malneureux avec les animaux 
dont les d^pouilles leur servaient de y^tement. 

(c) La distance qui s^parait la ville de Menda du 
quartier g^n^ral fat franchie avec une rapidity 
merveilleuse. Sur la route, le g^n^ral trouva des 
villages entiers sous les armes. Chacune de ces 
mis^rables bourgades fut cern^e, et leurs habitants 

Par une de ces fatalit^s inexplicables les 
vaisseaux anglais ^talent rest^s en panne saits 
avancer ; mais on sut plus tard que ces vaisseaux 
ne portaient que de Fartillerie et ou'ils avaient 
mieux march^ que le reste des transports. — 
; Balzac. 

,y Google 


5. Translate — 

(a) II a pris le manoir de quelque Saxon tu6, et 8*y 
est ^tabli avec ses soldats et ses camarades^ leur 
donnant des terres, des maisons^ des p&ges^ k 
charge de combattre sous lui et pour lui^ comme 
hommes d'armes, comme mar^chaux, comme 

Ejrte-bannidres ; c'est une ligue en vue du danger, 
n effety ils sont en pays ennemi et conquis, et il 
faut bien qu'ils se soutiennent. Chacun s^est 
hdt6 de se Mtir une place de refuge, un ch&teau 
ou forteresse bien barricad^e^ en solides pierreSy 
avec des fenStres etroites, munie de creneaux, 
gamie de soldats, perc6e de meurtri^res. 
(h) H ne parade pas; ce n'est pas un ecuyer, 
comme la plupart de nos statues modernes, ni un 
prince en representation qui fait son metier: 
i'antique est toujours simple. II n'a pas d'^triers ; 
c'est 1^ une vilaine invention modeme, un attirail 
qui nuit k la liberty des membres, une oeuvre de 
ce m^me esprit industriel qui a produit les gilets 
de flanelle et les socques articul6s. Son cbeval 
est d'une forte et solide espdce^ encore parente des 
chevaux du Parthenon. 

{c) Nous rions de ces pretentions et de ces 

Sicot€ries^ de ces m^sayentures et dh ces querelles 
'aristocratic; notre tour viendra, comptons-y; 
notre democratic aussi appr^te h rire : notre habit 
noir est, comme leur habit brod6, chamarr^ de 
ridicules; nous avons I'enyie^ la tristessC; le 
manque de mesure et de politesse.— Taine. 

6. Translate— 

(a) II se venge de sa captivity en d^truisant le 
materiel de la prison ; il maraude an jardin/cbipe 
dans la cuisine ou TofEce, en vertu de cet axiome 

,y Google 


scolaire que chiper n'est pas voler. En promen- 
ade, il jotie de mauvais tours aux boutiquiers et 
lance des quolibets aux passants; il est plus 
gamin quelquefois que les enfants des rues. Mais, 
si vous grattez la surface, vous trouvez tout un 
fonds de qualit^s viriles que le college d^veloppe 
et qui, sauf accident, ne se perdent jamais* 
G'est le goiit du libre examen, c'est un instinct 
tr^s yif de I'^galite, c'est I'amour de la justice, 
le m6pris de la faveur ; c'est Tesprit de corps, le 
sentiment de la solidarity; c'est surtout une 
loyaut^ h toute 6preuve, une profonde horreur de 
I'hjpocrisie et de la delation, une repugnance 
invincible pour tout ce qui est faux, vil et bas. 

(b) La femme d'un de nos toumeurs les plus 
habiles m'avait dit un soir, tristement : 

— Je crois bien que mon mari ne reviendra 

— Est-il malade ? on le soignera. 

^ Non, mais il dit que ga I'ennuie d'etre 
exploits par I'homme. 

— Quel homme ? M. Simonnot ? 

— Non ; pas plus lui qu'un autre. Vous savez 
bien... I'exploitation de Thomme par I'homme ! 

— Qu'^est-ce que c'est que ce baragouin-1^ ? 

— Je ne sais pas, mais on parle beaucoup de 
ga parmi nous. Alors il ne veut plus travailler, 
pour I'exemple. 

— Que fera-t-il ? et que deviendrez-vous ? 

— Je ne sais rien, il a son id^e ; il veut 6tre 

— A personne. Comme ga. Je lui dis : Viens 
^ la fabrique ! II me repond que travailler comme 
on travaille ici, c'est contraire k I'^alite. 

,y Google 


{c) Les autres se d^gourdirent lestement; d'autant 
plus qu'^ part le potage ils n'avaient pas dtn6. 
rierre et Jean chevatichaient sur mes genoux ; 
Fun me trouvait tres beau, Tautre tr^s laid. " Tu 
m'apprendras la guerre !" disait I'atn^. Le cadet 
se hissa sur mon ^paule et me glissa ces mots ^ 
I'oreille : '^ Si les Prussiens nous avaient tu6 notre 
pdre, nous aurions tu6 les enfants des Prussiens." 
Genevieve sommeillait encore un peu; mais, 
lorsqu'elle eut soup^ avec moi, qui mourais de 
faim, elle refusa ^nergiquement d'aller au lit. 

7. What do you know of the visits to England of 

Voltaire^ Rousseau, and Montesquieu, and of the 
influence of England on these writers ? 

8. Write a short essay on French historians, pointing 

out the difference between them and the his- 
torians of other countries. 

9. Compare Boileau and Sainte-Beuve as critics. 


First Paper. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Write an essay in German on Goethe as an old man. 

2. Translate into German — 

Trained from childhood by the greatest states- 
man of the day for a parliamentary life, Pitt, 
while lacking the graces, was never nindered by ' 

,y Google 


the inexperience of youth. When ha entered 
the House of Commons, in his twenty-second 
year, he was already familiar with its ways, and 
acted with a prudence extraordinary in so young* 
a man. It wad not from mere pride that he 
refused a " subordinate situation " in the Rock- 
infz^ham ministry. His refusal is rather, as is 
pointed out here, an evidence of his good judg- 
ment; for he would have gained nothing by 
sacrificing his freedom of future action for the 
sake of a place in an administration which con- 
tained in itself the elements of dissolution. 

3. Translate— 

(a) Der Grieche martert uns mit der graulichen 
Besorgung, der arme Philoktet werde ohne 
seinen Bogen auf der wlisten Insel bleiben und 
elendiglich umkommen miissen. Der Franzose 
weiss einen gewissem Weg zu unsem Herzen: 
er l^st uns fiirchten, der Sohn des Achilles 
werde ohne seine Prinzessin abziehen mtissen. 
Dieses hiessen denn auch die Pariser Kunstrich- 
ter iiber die Alton triumphiren, und einer schlug 
vor, das Chataubrun'sche Stuck la Difficult^ 
vaincue zu benennen. 

{V) Das Mittel, dessen sich die Malerei bedienet, 
uns zu verstehen zu geben, dass in ihren Com- 
positionen dieses oder jenes als unsichtbar be- 
trachtet werden mlisse, ist eine diinne Wolke, in 
welche sie es von der Seite der mithandelnden 
Person en einhiillet. Diese Wolke scheinet aus 
deiiP Homer selbst entlehnet zu sein. Denn 
wenn im Getiimmel der Schlacht einer von den 
wichtigem Helden in Gefahr kommt, aus der 
ihn keine andere, als gottliche Macht retten 

,y Google 


kann : so lasst der Dichter ihn von der schiitz- 
enden Grottheit in einen dicken Nebel, oder in 
Nacht verhiilleny und so davon fiihren. 

{e) In der Malerei hingegen hat die Hasslichkeit 
alle ihre Krafte beisammen, und wirket nicht 
▼iel schwacher, als in der Natur selbst. TJn- 
scfa3,dliche Hasslichkeit kann folglich nicht wohl 
lan&^e lacherlich bleiben ; die unangenehme Emp- 
findung gewinnet die Oberhand^ und was in den 
ersten Augenblicken possirlich war, wird in der 
Folge bloss abscheulich. Nicht anders gehet es 
mit der schadlichen Hasslichkeit; das Schreck^ 
liche verliert sich nach und nach, und das 
Unformliche bleibt allein und unveranderlich 

4. Write out briefly the parable of the Three Rings^ 
and the interpretation thereof. 

6m In what sense can Minna von Bamhehn be regarded 
as a healing message ? 

6. Translate— 

(a) Marloff ist mir nichts schuldig geblieben. Ich 
miiszte mich auch nicht zu erinnern, dasz er mir 
jemals etwas schuldig gewesen ware. Nicht 
anders, Madame; er hat mich vielmehr als seinen 
Schuldner hinterlassen. Ich habe nie etwas 
thun konnen, mich mit einem Manne abzufinden^ 
der sechs Jahre Gliick und Ungluck, Ehre und 
Gefahr mit mir getheilt. 

(b) Ich thue Euch zu wissen, dasz der Handel^ 
der mich urn Eure Ehre besorgt machte, sich zu 
Eurem Yortheil aufgeklart hat. Mein Bruder 
war des Nahern davon unterrichtet^ und sein 

,y Google 


Zeugnisz hat Euch fur mehr als unschuldig^ 
erklart. Die Hofstaatskasse hat Ordre, Eu(£ 
den bewuBzten Wechsel wieder auszuliefern, nnd 
die fi^ethanen Vorschiisse zu bezahlen; auch habe 
ich befohlen^ dasz alles, was die Feldkriegskassen 
wider Eure Rechnungen urgiren, niedergeschla- 

fen werde. Meldet mir, ob Euch Eure Gesund- 
eit erlaubt, wieder Dienste zu nehmen. Ich 
mochte nicht gem einen Mann von Eurer Bra- 
vour nnd Denkungsart entbehren. 

7. Translate — 

(a) Liegt Elims Palmenstadt nicht hoher als Athen ? 
Beschamt nicht Hermons Thau des Pindus Got- 

zenhiigel ? 
Aurora macht den Vers bei weitem nicht so sch^n, 
Als wenn sich David wiinscht der Morgenrothe 

Was gibt Elysium ? Verlogne Frucht und Lust! 
Eomm, lasz dir Gottes Stadt vom liebsten Jiinger 

zeigen : 
Ihr Schatten wirft dir schon viel Klarheit in die 

Und was du hier gewinnst, das ist ein sehnlich 


(J) Amor's Pfeil hat Widerspitzen. 

Wen er traf, der lass' ihn sitzen 
Und erduld' ein wenig Schmerz ! 
Wer gepriiften Kath verachtet 
Und ihn auszureiszen trachtet, 
Der zerfleischet ganz sein Herz. 

(c) Wenn die Peldschlacht tost und klirret, 
Sitzt des Kriegers Weib zu Hans, 
Doch ihr banges Herz, das irret 
Durch der Feldschlacht wild Gebraus. 

,y Google 


Bei jedem Schlag, jedem Hallen 
Der Stucke an Berges Wand, 
Denkt sie: gefallen^ gefallen, gefallen 
Ist mein Held fur's Vaterland ! 

(d) Ich schritt allein hinab den Rhein, 
Am Hag die Rose gliihte, 

TJnd wundersam die Lust durchschwamm 

Der Duft der Rebenbliithe. 

Cyan' und Mohn erglanzten schon, 

Der Slid wind bog die Aehren; 

TJeber Rolandseck, da liesz sich keck 

Eines Falken Lustschrei hdren. 

(e) Andachtig neigen sich rings die Wipfel, 
Die Lerchen sind wacb und die Bergesgipfel. 
Es naht sich der Tag so frisch und jung. 
Mich faszt ein ahnungsvoU' Behagen, 

Mir ist's, als mtiszt' es endlich tagen 
Auch in des Busens Dammerung. 

8. Translate — 

Kreuzbraver, der Rektor, Freibriefe, ProtokoU^ 
Dudelsack, Goldlackzweig, Butten, Atlas, Romer^ 
Mehlteig, Liebfrauenbriicke, der Finkler. 

Es sind heute Haare geflogen. 

Wir sind Lootsen. 

Sie fbllte und kredenzte den Herren die OlSser* 

,y Google 



Sboond Pjupbr. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Translate into English — 

(a) Oeschwind ea Pferde, Georg ! ich sehe Milten- 
berg brennen. Halten sie so den Vertrag ! Reilf 
hin, sag' ihnen die Meinune ! Die Mordbrenner I 
Ich sage mich von ihnen los. 3ie soUen einen 
Zigeuner zum Hauptmann machen^ nicht mich. 
Geschwind, Georg! {Oeorff ah.^ Wollf, ich 
wSre tausend Meilen davon, irnd lag^ im tiefsten 
Thurm^ der in der Tiirkei steht. E5nnt' ich mit 
Ehran von ihnen kommen ! Ich fahr* ihnen alle 
Tage durch den Sinn^ sag' ihnen die bittersten 
Wahrheiten, dasz sie mein mild werden und mich 
erlassen soUen. 

(t) Mutter (am Feuer). Flick' das Strohdach tiber 
der Grnbe, Tochter I giebt hint Nacht noch Regen 

Knabe kommt. 

Xnabe. Ein Hamster, Matter! Da, zwei 
Feldmaus ! 

Mutter, Will sie dir abziehen nnd braten, nnd 
sollst eine Eapp' haben von den Fellchen. — Du 
blutst ? 

Knahe. Hamster hat mich bissen. 

Mutter. Hor mir diirr Hobs, dasz das Feuer 
loh brennt, wenn dein Yater kommt; wird nasz 
sein durch und durch. 
Andere Zigeunerin, ein Kind auf dem Biicken. 

Ertte Zigeunerin. Hast du brav geheischen ? 

,y Google 


Zweite Zigeunerin. Wenig genug. Das Land 
ist 7oll Tumult heruiUy dasz man sein's Lebens 
nicht sicher ist. Brennen zwei Dorfer lichterloh* 

Urate Ziffeunerin. Ist das dort drunten Brand, 
der Sohein ? Seh' ihm schon lang zu. Man ist 
der Feuerzeichen am Himmel zeitEer so gewohnt 

(c) Geschwister, die ihr an dem weiten Himmel 
Das schone Licht bei Tag und Nacht herauf 
Den Menschen bringet, und den Abgeschiednen 
Nicht leuchten dfirret, rettet uns Geschwister ! 
Du liebst, Diane, deinen holden Bruder 

Yor allem, was dir Erd' und Himmel bietet, 
Und wendest dein jungfraulich Angesicht 
Nach seinem ew'gen Lichte sehnend still. 
lasz den Einz'gen^ Spatgeiundnen mir 
Nicht in der Finstemisz des Wahnsinns rasen ! 
Und ist dein Wille, da du hier mich bargst, 
Nunmehr voUendet, willst du mir durch ihn 
Und ihm durph mich die sel'ge Hlilfe geben, 
So Ids' ihn von den Banden jenes Flucns, 
Dasz nicht die theure Zeit der Kettung schwinde ! 

(d) Fischer. 

Zu zielen auf des eignen Kindes Haupt, 
Solches ward keinem Vater noch geboten ! 
Und die Natur soil nicht in wildem Grimm 
Sich drob empdren. — 0, mich soil's nicht wundem, 
Wenn sich die Felsen biicken in den See, 
Wenn jene Zacken, jene Eisesthtirme, 
Die nie aufthauten seit dem Schopiungstag, 
Von ihren hohen Eulmen niederschmelzen, 
Wenn die Berge brechen, wenn die alten Kltifte 
Einstiirzen, eine zweite Slindfluth alle 
Wohnstatten der Lebendigen verschlingt ! 
(Man lidrt laiiten.) 


,y Google 



Hort ihr, sie laiiten droben auf dem Berg. 

Gewisz hat man ein Schiff in Noth gesehn 

Und zieht die Glocke, dasz gebetet werde. 

(Steigt auf eine Anhohe.) 


Wehe dem Fahrzeug, das, jetzt unterweg-s, 
In dieser furchtbarn Wiege wird gewiegt ! 
Hier ist das Steuer unniitz und der Steurer, 
Der Sturm ist Meister, Wind und Welle spielen 
Ball mit dem Menschen. 

(e) Egmont war einer der Ersten, die den Herzog^ 
von Alba bei seinem Eintritt in Luxemburg^ 
begriiszten. Als ihn Letzterer von feme kommen 
sab, sagte er zu denen, die neben ihm standen: 
Da kommt der grosze Ketzer, Egmont, der es 
gehort hatte, stand betreten still und verblaszte. 
Als ihn aber der Herzog mit erheitertem Gesicht 
bewillkommte, war diese Warnung sogleich ver- 
gessen. Er machte dem Herzog ein Geschenk 
mit zwei schfinen Pferden, um seine Freundschaft 
zu gewinnen. 

Zwei so entgegengesetzte Gharaktere, wie 
Egmont und Alba, konnten nie Freunde sein; 
aber eine friihe Eifersucht im Kriegsruhme hatte 
dem Herzog langst eine stille Feindschaft gegen 
Egmont eingefloszt, die durch einige unbedeu- 
tende Kleinigkeiten genahrt wurde. . Egmont 
hatte ihm einmal beim Wiirfelspiel mehrere tau- 
send Goldgulden abgenommen, eine Beleidigung^ 
die der karge Spanier nie verzeihen konnte. 

{f) Aber welch ein Anblick, als man jetzt wieder 
zu sich selber kam ! Von dem Schlage des ent- 
ziindeten Yulkans war die Schelde ois in ihre 

,y Google 


untersten Tiefen gespalten und mit mauerhoher 
Fluth liber den Damm, der sie umgab, hinaus 
getrieben worden, so dasz alle Festungswerke am 
Ufer mehrere Schuh hoch im Wasser standen. 
Drei Meilen im Umkreis schiitteite die Erde. 
Beinahe das ganze linke Geriiste, an welchem 
das BrandschifT sich angehangt hatte, war nebst 
einem Theil der Schiffbriicke auseinander ge« 
sprengt^ zerschmettert, und mit allem, was sich 
darauf befand^ mit alien Mastbaumen, Kanonen 
und Menschen in die Luft geflihrt worden. 
Selbst die ungeheuem Steinmassen, welche die 
Mine bedeckten, hatte die Gewalt des Yulkans 
in die benachbarten Felder geschleudert, so dasz 
man nachber mehrere da von, tausend Schritte 
weit von der Briicke^ aus dem Boden herausgrub. 

(^) *Was die Deutschen betrifft, so bediirfen sie 
weder der Freiheit noch der Gleichheit. Sie 
sind ein spekulatives Volk, Ideologen, Vor- und 
Nachdenker, Traumer, die nur in der Vergan- 
genheit und in der Zukunft leben^ und keine 
Gegenwart haben. Englander und Franzosen 
haben eine Gegenwart, bei ihnen hat jeder Tag 
seinen Eampf und Gegenkampf und seine Ge- 
schichte. Der Deutsche hat nichts, wofiir er 
kampfen soUte, und da er zu mutmassen begann, 
dass es doch Dinge geben konne^ deren Besitz 
wiinschenswert ware, so haben wohlweise seine 
Philo^ophen ihn gelehrt, an der Existenz solcher 
Dinge zu zweifeln. Es lasst sich nicht leugnen, 
dass auch die Deutschen die Freiheit lieben^ aber 
anders wie andere VSlker. Der Englander liebt 
die Freiheit wie sein rechtmassiges Weib, er 
besitzt sie, und wenn er sie auch nicht mit 
absonderlicher Zartlichkeit behandelt, so weiss 

,y Google 


er sie doch im Notfall wie ein Mann zu vertei- 
digen, und wehe dem rotgerockten Burschen, 
der 8ich in ihr heiliges Schlafgemach drangt — 
sei es als Galant oder als Scherge. Ber Fran- 
zose liebt die Freiheit wie seine Bniul Er 
glliht fiir sie, er flammt) er wirfb sich zu ihren 
Fiissen mit den iiberapanntesten Beteuerungen, 
er schlagt sich flir sie auf Tod und Leben, er 
begeht nir sie tausenderlei Thorheiten. Der 
Deutsche iiebt die Freiheit wie seine alte Gross- 

2. Translate into English — 

Unmuth und Angst nagte an meinem Innem. 
Ich verwunschte die Erscheinung des Tages^ der 
mich zu einem Leben rief, dessen Wahrheit und 
Bedeutung mir zweifelhaft worden war. Ich 
erwachte die Nachte aus beunruhigenden 
Traumen. Ich suchte angstlich nach einem 
Lichtschimmer^ um aus diesen Irrgangen des 
Zweifels zu entkommen. Ich suchte, und fiel 
stets tiefer in das Labyrinth., 

Einst um die Stunde der Mitternacht schien 
eine wunderbare Gestalt vor mir voriiber zu 

fehen, und mich anzureden : Armer Sterblicher, 
orte ich sagen ; du haufest Fehlschliisse auf 
Fehlschliisse^ und diinkest dich weise. 

Du erbebst Tor Schreckbildern, die du dir 
selbst erst mit Mlihe geschatifen hast. Erkiihne 
dich wahrhaft weise zu werden. — Ich bringe dir 
keine neuen Offenbarungen. Was ich dir lehren 
kann, das weiszt du langst, und du sollst dich 
jetzt desselben nur erinnern. Ich kann dich nicht 
tauschen ; denn du selbst wirst mir in allem 

,y Google 


Recht gebeii; nnd wttrdest da doeh getftasoht, sa 
wiirdest da es darch dich. Ermanne dich; h5re 
mich^ beantworte meine Fragen.^-FiOHTB. 

8. Write (in English) a short critical accoant of 
Goethe's Ootz von Berlichmgen and Ivhigenie, 
and of Lessing's Nathan der Weise, alluding to 
their origin and influence. 

4. Estimate the influence of Heine on modem Qennaa 

prose stjle. 

5. Mention some of the chief Oerman lyrical poets 

besides Heine, and give the name or first line of 
any of their lyrics yon may remraiber. 



The Board of Heaminers, 

1. May questions of Modality be properly admitted 
into the treatment of Formal logic? Justify 
your answer. 

S. To what extent, if at all, is Formal logic interested 
(a) in the process of formation, and (b) in the 
characteristics, of the Concept? Disease this 
. question. 

,y Google 


S. Should U be added to the recognized forms of 
proposition ? Would its admission require any 
alteration in the syllogistic rules ? If so, what 
amendment or amendments would you suggest ? 

4. Describe different kinds of ^' irregular and com- 

pound syllogisms/' giving illustrations in each 

5. It has been sometimes maintained that the '^ predi- 

cation view" of categorical propositions is the 
only one which accurately describes what takes 
place in the act of judging. Consider this state- 
ment in connection with other ways in which 
the proposition may be interpreted. 

6. Explain the significance of Venn's compartmental 

treatment oi propositions in its bearing on the 
distinction between categorical, hypothetical, and 
disjunctive propositions. 

7. Reduce the following to logical form, pointing out 

fallacies, if any:— 

{a) Men of genius should be classified apart firom 
men of talent, and therefore, while the former 
are peculiarly subject to nervous disorders, we 
may conclude that the latter are not so. 

r (J) 'af a man dies worth more than £100,000,;' 
the surplus should go to the Government, for no 
man by his labour alone has made £10,000 since 
the world began." 

I {e) "As every idea is derived from a precedeiif: 
impression, had we any idea of the substance of 
our n^inds, we must also have an impression of 
it, which is very difficult, if not impossible, to 

,y Google 


conceive. For how can an impression represent 
a substance, otherwise than by resembling it? 
And how can an impression resemble a sub- 
stance, since, according to this philosophy^ it is 
not a substance, and nas none of the peculiar 
qualities or characteristics of a substance?"-^ 

8. (a) Analyse the following* into separate denials: — 
yz -^ xy = an/ + xyz. 

(b) Given the following data, what classes must be 
abolished by the process of using appropriate 

azzb + Tc 

b zzc + c^ 

'■ ad = bed. 

Show your working in each case. 


The Board of Hxammers. 

''Everything which occurs is determined by laws of 
causation and collocations of the original causes.'' 
Explain Mill's position here, adding any com- 

2. Examine critically Mill's canon of the Method of 
Agpreement, and the examples by which he illus- 
trates it. 

,y Google 


& What means may be employed for deciding between 
rival Hypotheses? Consider, in your answer, 
whether it be possible that known facts may be 
equally well eiq)lained by two such Hypotheses. 

4. May Causation be resolved into uniform sequence 
which has been observed within experience, and 
which may not hold good always or everywhere ? 
Give your reasons fimy. 

6. Characterize briefly the nature, the extent^ and the 

value of Bacon's revolt against Scholasticism. 

0. Explain the importance attached by Bacon to a 
knowledge oi "simple natures," and show the 
relation of his table of exclusions to the tables 
which precede it. ' 

7. State the fundamental rules of Probability when an 

event is known to be contingent on the occurrence 
of another. What rule may be adopted when we 
are ignorant whether the events are connected or 
disconnected ? Show, in each case, the justifica- 
tion of tharole. 

8. Enumerate, and state the nature of, Fallacies to be 

avoided in dealing wiUi questions of Probability. 


The Board of Examiners, 

1. What account would you give of the scope of 
Psychology ? Connect your answer with 
Spencer's distinction between objective and 
subjective Psychology. 

,y Google 


5. Is an Empirical Psychology possible without meta- 

phjsicsu presuppositions ? 

8. Show the interdependence between intellectual^ 
emotional^ and active development. 

4» What precisely would you include under Sensations 
of Touch ? Estimate the value of Touch proper 
in Perception. Refer in your answers to Bain's 
treatment of the subject. 

& Show the intellectual value of the Constructive 
Imagination, and the dangers to be guarded 
against in its employment. 

6. (a) Distinguish between a percept^ an image, and 

a concept. 

(b) Comment on the following description of a 
concept: — ^'What is in my mind is a kind of 
composite image formed by the fusion or coales- 
cence of many images of single objects, in which 
individual differences are blurred, and only the 
common features stand out distinctly." 

?. " There is nothing to prevent us from looking at the 
formation of the soul as an extendefl process in 
time, a process in which the absolute gradually 
gives a nirther form to its creation." Develop 
the thought which Lotze has expressed in these 

8. Reproduce Lotze's theory of the psychical initiative 
of motion. 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. ''There belong to the critiqiie of pure reason all 

that is constitative of a transcendental philosophy, 
and of such philosophy it is the entire idea, bub 
it is not that philosophy." Explain Kant's exact 
meaning here. 

2. Consider Kant's statement with reference to his 

Categories, that ^' under each class the third 
category owes its origin to the union of the 
second with the first." 

8. Analyse Kant's treatment of the First Antinomy of 
Pure Reason. 

4. How would you deal with the question raised by 
Kant in his criticism of the '' Cosmological 

6. It has been remarked that the Critique of Pure 
Reason ends in a balance between two kinds of 
consciousness — a thinking consciousness which 
transcends experience and an empirical conscious- 
ness. Expand and illustrate this statement. 

6. Distinguish the metaphysical fi*om the psychological 

problem. How may the confusion between these 
two problems be accounted for, and how escaped ? 

7. Give a brief account of the line of thought by which 

Caurd reaches the position that the highest aim 
of philosophy is to reinterpret experience in the 
light of a unity that is presupposed in it. 

,y Google 



The Board of Examiners. 

1. Explain the place assigned to Justice by Aristotle in 
bis scheme of the Virtues. To what extent, or 
in what sense, does he bold that Justice implies 
equality ? 

S. Consider the reasons given by Aristotle for holding 
that the highest welfare consists in the speculative 

8. '* Actions are completely right only when, besides 
being conducive to future happiness, special and 
general, they are immediately pleasurable." Ex- 
plain and discuss Spencer's reasons for this con- 

4. Examine Spencer's reasons for believing that we are 

approaching to a complete conciliation between 
egoism ana altruism. 

5. Can morality be shown to be evolved from simpler 

elements ? Give your reasons. 

6. On what grounds does Green assert that the human 

organism becomes the vehicle of an eternally 
complete consciousness ? And how does he con- 
nect this doctrine with the question of moral 
freedom ? Add any comments. 

7. Show the practical value of an adequate theory of 

the moral ideal. 

,y Google 



The Board of Exoowmtz. 

1« Is the Ontological argument of Descartes offered as 
an independent proof, or is it founded . on any 
other of his proofs ? Give reasons for your 

3. It has been said that the system oi Spinoza is ^^ the 

truth and completion of that of Descartes/' 
Consider the meaning and accuracy of this 

8. Compare the attitude of Locke towards innate 
principles with that of Descartes. 

4. State briefly Leibniz's doctrine of monads. How 

did he seek to reconcile his conception of monads 
with our knowledge of space and extended 
things ? 

6. Explain the meaning in which Berkeley used the 
word ^'idea/' as applicable to material thin^. 
On what ground diot he hold that there can oe 
no **idea" of a Soul or subject ? 

6. Consider Hume's theory of Belief, and the use 

which he makes of it in his Solution of Sceptical 

7. "All our distinct perceptions are distinct exist- 

ences." " Simple apprehension is performed by 
resolving and analysing a natural and original 

,y Google 



judgment/' Consider the signifioance of these 
statements^ referring them to diffisrent writers or 
different schools. 

8* Show briefly the connection of the problem of the 
Critique of Pure Reason with the dogmatic 
philosophy which preceded it. 

vll.^histoey op ancient philosophy. 

The Boa/rd of Examvnera. 

1. ^'The beginnings of science and metaphysics are 

identical, though there is a sense in which it may 
be admitted that the metaphysical comes before 
the scientific or positive era." Illustrate this 
statement by reference to the earlier efforts of 
the philosophy of Greece. 

2. State the leading characteristics of the Eleatic philo- 

sophy^ mentioning similar tendencies which have 
been developed in the course of modern specula- 

3. Point out the relations of the Sophists to the 

philosophers who preceded them. 

4»i On what grounds has Plato been described as the 
completed Socratic ? 

6. Compare the Aristotelian account of Cause with he 
conception of causation required by modem 

,y Google 



6. It has been said that the morality of ancient Greece 

subordinated the individual to the State, instead 
of subordinating the State to the welfare of the 
individuals composing it. Discuss this statement 
with special reference to the ethical ideals of 
Plato and Aristotle. 

7. Write a short essay on the Stoic Materialism. 

8. Mention any causes which led to the continued 

dependence of the Epicurean school on its 



First Paper. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Give an account of ^^ the platinum metals." 

2. Describe the preparation and properties of each of 

the following: — (1) hydroxylamine, (2) hydra- 
zine^ (3) hydrazoic acid. 

8. Describe the recent advances made in the study of 
the oxides of phosphorus. 

,y Google 


4. Discuss the action of sulphuric acid on zinc under 
various conditions as to strength of acid, puritj 
of metal, temperature, &c. 

6. Give an account of the ammonia process for the 
manufacture of alkali. 

6. Discuss the characteristics of dissociation, and 
illustrate jour remarks by reference to actual 


Second Paper. 
The Board of Exammers. 

1. Write a paper on '* physical properties of organic 

compounds in relation to tneir cliemical consti- 

2. Write a paper on ^'closed chains composed of carbon 

and a second element.'' 

8. Oive an account of the methyl arsenic compounds. 

4. Describe the general modes of formation and re- 

actions of the ketones. 

5. Discuss the theory of the constitution of naphtha- 

lene and its derivatives. 

6. Give an account of the fulminates. 

,y Google 


Ths Board of Examiners, 

1. State folly all the scientific grounds for the belief 

in the early igneous fluidity of the earth. 

2. Give the mineral constituents of as many of the 

named varieties of Igneous rooks as you can. 

3. Explain clearly how the relative ages of groups of 

rocks are determined; the significance of, ana the 
causes which produce "unconformities," and 
what value should really be given to them when 
discussing the boundaries of " Formations." 

4. State the geometric and the optical characters by 

which minerals may be recognised as belonging 
to each of the systems of crystallization, and ex- 
plain the exact methods of observing them. 

5. Give the formulae, per-centage compositions, and 

oxygen ratios of the chief Felspars, and state the 
characters by which the other commoner consti- 
tuent minerals of Igneous rocks may be recog- 

,y Google 



The Board of Examiners, 

1. Write down in order of superposition the chiei 

varieties of Archaean or Azoic unmetamorphosed 
Bocks with the peculiar characteristics of each^ 
and how they may he distinguished &om meta- 
morphic rocks. Also write down the more 
generally-adopted ^'systems" or larger groups 
of fossiluerous Rocks. 

2. Define as many genera of Fossils as you can, dis- 

tinguishing Silurian rocks from the Devonian, the 
Devonian from the Carhoniferous, and the Car- 
boniferous from those of the Permian age. 

8. At how many geological periods have coal beds 
been formed of workable value, and by what 
genera of fossils might they be discriminated ? 

4. Define as many genera as you can characteristic ot 
the Wealden Period, and support by fossil evi- 
dence the views of Agassiz, and his opponents for 
and against the relations of the Neocomian to 
the Wealden and to the Cretaceous periods. 

6. What geological formations are indicated by (a) 
Lepidodendron, {h) Leptaena, {c) Mosasaurus, 
{d) Hemipneustes, {e) Trinucleus respectively ? 
Define each of them. 

H 2 


igitized by Google 




The Board of Examiners. 

WlMveT«r pMMlble, ffiv« the VMuioms for jrour aaiwer. 

1. Contrast the Jus Fedale with the rules of modem 

International Law. 

2. What was the Sitesian Loan controver^' ? What 

were the circumstances giving rise tnereto^ and 
what were the contentions of the opposing 
parties ? 

8. Oive instances shewing the effect of the expansion, 
of trade and commerce upon the rules of Inter- 
national Law. 

4. During the American Civil War a British vessel^ 
with a cargo of contraband goods^ was captured 
by a United States cruiser when on a voyage 
from London to Matamoras, a neutral port on 
the Mexican side of the Rio Grande. The goods 
were claimed by the owners, and condemnation 
of the oargo was in the Prize Court asked for, on 
the ground that the goods were to be carried on 
lighters up the river, and then transported into 
the territory of the Confederate States. In your 
opinion what was the result of the trial ? 

6. In the year 1800 the plaintiff effected in England 
a policy of insurance on some property lying at 
Rotterdam, which was to be shipped on board a 
neutral vessel and consigned to the plaintiff's 

,y Google 


agents in England. The policy was effected, and 
the consignment made after the outbreak of war 
between Great Britain and Holland. On her 
voyage to England the ship was captured by a 
French vessel (Great Britain and France being 
then at war), and her cargo condemned* The 

?laintiff then sought to recover on the policy, 
n your opinion what was the result of the 
action ? 

6« To what extent did the Naturalization Act 1870 
alter the previously existing law ? 

7. The plaintiff recovered a judgment against the 
defendant in New South Wales, and sued upon 
such judgment in Victoria. The defendant 
pleaded mat since the judgment obtained his 
estate had been sequestrated under the Insol- 
vency Law of New South Wales, and that he 
was thereby discharged from all liability in that 
colony. Assuming the whole of the facts stated 
in this plea to be true, is it a good defence to 
the action in Victoria ? 

80 State whether in your opinion the Supreme Court 
of Victoria has jurisdiction to make a foreclosure 
decree where the^ mortgagor and mortgagee re- 
side in Victoria, but the land subject to the 
mortgage is situate in New Zealand ? 

9. An action is brought in England to enforce a 
foreign judgment. Can the defendant raise the 
defence that the judgment was obtained by the 
fraud of the plaintiff when the fraud alleged is 
such that it cannot be proved without retrying 
the question adjudicated upon by the foreign 

,y Google 


10. A bill of exchange, drawn in England and pay- 
able in Spain, was indorsed in England by the 
defendant to the plaintiff, who indorsed it to Jf., 
residing in Spain. Acceptance having been re- 
fused, a delay of twelve days occurred before M. 
wrote to inform the plaintiff of the dishonour. 
On receipt from M. of the notice of dishonour, 
the plaintiff gave immediate notice to the de- 
fendant. No notice of dishonour by non- 
acceptance is required by the law of Spain. 
Was the plaintiff entitled to recover the amount 
of the bill? 

The Board of Examiners, 

1. Give a short sketch of the history and limits of 

the English classification of wrongs. How does 
Professor Pollock classify them ? 

2. What is the extent of the liability of a person who 

has taken in hand the conduct of anything re- 
quiring special skill and knowledge ? 

3. (a) A horse escapes into a public road and kicks 

a man who is lawfully on the road. 

(J) A horse, by reason of a defective gate, strays 
into an adjoining field where there are other 
horses and kicks one of them. 

What must the injured man, in the one case, 
and the owner of the injured horse, in the other, 
prove to support an action for damages ? 

,y Google 


4. In The Metropolitan Railway Co. v. JachsoUy 

the plaintiff was a passenger in a carriage already 
over-full. As the train was stopping at a station 
he stood up to resist yet other persons who had 
opened the door and tried to press in. While he 
was thus standing, and the door was open, the 
train moved on. He laid his hand on the door- 
lintel for support, and, at the same moment, a 
porter came up, turned off the intruders, and, 
shutting the door ouickly, crushed the plaintiff's 
thumb. Discuss the position of the defendant 

5. Mention the principal provisions of the Wrongs 

Act 1890, Part 2 — Wrongful act or neglect, 
causing death. (Lord Campbell's Act, 9 and 10 
Vict. c. 93.) 

6. A carpenter was employed by Ay with B^s per- 

mission, to work for him in a shed belonging to 
B. The carpenter set fire to the shed in light- 
ing his pipe with a shaving. Your opinion is 
requestea as to whether A is liable to -B, with 
reasons for it. ( Williams v. Jones 3 H. and C, 

7. State shortly the law as to the liability of persons 

for damage arising from the execution of works 
authorized by Act of Parliament. 

8. Distinguish between ^^ false imprisonment," and 

'* malicious prosecution." What must the plain- 
tiff prove, and what are the respective functions 
of tne judge and jury in an action for "mali- 
cious prosecution " ? 

,y Google 


0. The prisoner was oonvicted of larceny as a bailee. 
Tbe facts were: — ^The prosecator gave a mare of 
his into the care of the prisoner, telling him it 
was to be sold on the next Wednesday. On the 
next Wednesday, the prosecutor did not go him- 
self to sell his mare, but sent his wife, who went 
to where the prisoner was and saw him riding 
the mare about a horse fair, and sell her to a third 
party, and receive on such sale some money. The 
prosecutor's wife, after such sale, asked the pri- 
soner to give her the money, saying that she 
would pay his expenses; this the prisoner de- 
clined to do and eventually absconded with the 
money, and without accounting. Can the con- 
viction be sustained t Give your reasons. 

10. The prisoner was the clerk and servant of an 

insurance company, and head manager at their 
chief office at L, In the ordinary course of 
business he received several cheques payable to 
his order from the managers of branch offices, 
and it was his duty to indorse these cheques and 
hand them over to the company's cashier. In- 
stead of doing so, he indorsed the cheques and 
obtained money for them from friends of his own, 
who paid the cheques into their own banks. He 
then took the amount so received to the cashier 
and handed it over to him, saying he wished it 
to go against his salary which was overdrawn to 
a like amount; and he got back from the cashier 
I.O.U.'s which he had previously given for the 
amount of the overdraft. Give your opinion 
whether the prisoner can be convicted of em- 

11. Illustrate by examples, exceptions to the maxim 

'^non est reus nisi mens sit rea" 

,y Google 



The Board of Examiners, 

1« Explain and state to what class of remedies and in 
what instances the following maxim is applic- 
able : — ^^ Qtiod remedxo destittUur ipsa re valet 
si culpa absitJ^ 

2. Shew the bearing upon the original foundation of 
a large proportion of Equity Jurisprudence of 
the following maxim: — *^ Equity mil not hy 
reason of a merely technical defect s/uffer a 
wrong to go nnthout a remedy. ^^ 

8. State the two principal applications of the maxim 
— ^* Equity follows the Laao,^^ 

4. Oive some instances of the application of the 

maxim — ^^ Equity loohs on that as done which 
ought to be done" 

5. Give some instances in which the following maxim 

regulates the claim to and the measure of 
damages: — ^^ In Jure nan remota causa sed 
proximo spectaturJ* 

6. What are the four principles by which the court 

is governed in deciding whether a sum of money 
payable on a contract on breach of a condition is 
to be treated as a penalty or as liquidated dam- 
ages ? [^Judgment ofjessel, M. U,y in Willis v. 
Smith, 21 Chy. D.y p. 256, referred to in Brett? s 
Leading Cases in Equity!] 

,y Google 


7. State generally the provisions of sections 8 and 9 

of the Judicature Act, now sections 62 and 63 of 
Supreme Court Act 1890, under which legal and 
equitable rights when tliey arise in the same 
action are to be disposed of in that action. 

8. In what respect does the rule of pleading as to 

the mode of stating the contents of a document 
in an action of libel vary from the mode required 
in an action of contract ? Give the reason ror the 

9. What are the five courses any one of which a 

judge may take at the trial in reference to the 
judgment ? 

10. What is the substance of the provisions of sec. 25 

of the Judicature Act [sec. 58 of Supreme Court 
Act 1890], preserving the right of any party to 
an action to have the issues for trial by jury 
submitted and left to the jury with a proper and 
complete direction to the jury upon the law and 
as to the evidence applicable to such issues ? 

11. If any question put to a witness upon cross-exam- 

ination relates to a matter not relevant to the 
trial, what is the duty of the judge under Part 
II. of the Oaths and Evidence Act 1890 ? 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. Ay who is seized of land in fee simple, sells and 

conveys it in fee simple to B; this conveyance is 
not registered. Afterwards, A again conveys the 
same land to C, who knows of the previous con- 
veyance to By also in fee simple for valuable 
consideration; C duly registers his conveyance 
under Part XVII. of the Real Property Act 
1890. B^ at the time, is absent from the colony 
and 67 is let into possession. Afterwards, Chj 
writing, not under seal, demises the land to B 
for seven years, reserving a rent half-yearly. Dy 
who had no notice of the conveyance to B, enters 
into possession and pays the first half-years rent. 
B now returns to the colony. What rights, if 
any, has B against C and D respectively ? 
Give the reasons for your answer. 

2. A is tenant in fee simple of lands. A leaves these 

lands unoccupied, and B, a trespasser, enters 
into possession of them and occupies until his 
death, five years after he entered into possession. 
The lands then again remain unoccupied for two 
years, after which C, another trespasser, enters 
into possession and occupies the lands for ten 
years. After this A commences an action to 
recover possession of the lands against C* Is he 
entitled to recover ? Give the reasons for your 

3. A by deed demises premises to B for seven years; 

at the time of the demise there are upon the 
premises certain fixtures; during the lease \B 
erects other fixtures upon the premises for the 

,y Google 


purpose of trade. Afterwards, A by deed con- 
Teys the premises by way of mortgage to C, to 
secure an advance and interest; this deed does 
not make any mention of fixtures. Afterwards, 
A*s estate is sequestrated for the benefit of his 
creditors, and D is appointed trustee. B*s lease 
heing then about to expire, B removes ail the 
fixtures. Upon this, demands are made upon S 
by C and D to restore the fixtures or account for 
their value. What are the rights, if any, of C 
and D respectively as against B? Give the 
reasons for your answer. 

4* In consideration of a marriage intended to be 
solemnized between J., the intended husband 
and B the intended wife, A conveys lands unto 
C and J) and their heirs to the use of A (the 
settlor) until the solemnization of the marriage, 
and irom and after the solemnization of the 
marriage to the use of C and D and their heirs 
upon trust for B, for her sole and separate use. 
The marriage is solemnized, but C and D refuse 
to accept liie trusts of the settlement, which 
contains no power of appointing new trustees, 
and A remains in possession or in receipt of the 
rents and profits of the lands comprised in it 
until his death, which occurs seven years after- 
wards. Shortly before his death A makes his 
last will, by which he devises all his real estate 
to his brother U, and appoints F his executor. 
Probate of the will is granted to F, 

In whom is the legal estate in the lands com- 
prised in the settlement vested ? 

Is B entitled to enforce the trusts of it ? If so, 
what steps ought she to take for that purpose ? 

Give the reasons for your answers. 

,y Google 


5. What is meant by taking an account against a 

mortgagee in possession with annual rests, and 
under what circumstances will such an account 
be directed. 

6. By a settlement made in consideration of the 

marriage of A and B, lands were granted unto 
C and D and their heirs to the use of B for her 
life for her separate use, and after her death to 
the use of A for his life, and after the death of 
A and B to the use of all or any one or more of 
the children or more remotd issue of the marriage 
living at the time any such appointment should 
be made for such estates or estate, and with such 
limitations over as A and B should by deed 
appoint, and in default of appointment, and so 
&r as no such appointment should extend to the 
use of the right neirs of A. A and B had one 
child of the marriage, a daughter E, who 
married F, and had children by him, G and H^ 
after which A and B by deed appointed the 
land to the use of I] for her life for her 
separate use, and after her death to the use of G 
and H and their respective heirs in equal shares 
as tenants in common. After the execution of this 
appointment, A^s estate was sequestrated for the 
benefit of his creditors, and afterwards A died, 
and then B died. Who would be entitled to the 
lands after the death of B? Give the reasons 
for your answer. 

7. A and B are registered as proprietors under the 

provisions of tne Transfer of Land Act 1890 of 
adjoining blocks of land. A is working a coal 
mine upon his land, and the seams extend under 
the land of B. A agrees to sell to B the right 

,y Google 


of working the seams of coal under his (Jffs) 
land by means of the shaft and drives upon A*8 
land. Describe the nature of the instruments by 
which, if at all, this agreement can be carried out 
under the Transfer of Land Act 1890. Give the 
reasons for your answer. 

8. -4, the registered proprietor of land under the 

Transfer of Land Act 1890 agrees, in writing, to 
sell the land to ^. B pays his purchase-money, 
and builds a house upon the land which he de- 
mises by deed to C for a term of seven years, but 
B does not get the land transferred to him. 
Afterwards -D, a creditor of -4, recovers judg- 
ment against him, and causes a writ of execution 
to be lodged against the land in the office of the 
Eeg^istrar of Titles, under which the sheriff sells 
and transfers the land to ^who procures himself 
to be registered proprietor. What are the rights 
of JS as against B and C respectively ? Give 
the reasons for your answer. 

9. A writes to B and informs him that he has made 

him a present of a horse, and encloses a written 
order upon C, in whose custody the horse is, to 
deliver it to B, B presents the order to C, but 
finds that the horse has just been taken away by 
a servant of A^s, Does the property in the horse 
pass to B? Give the reasons for your answer. 

10. The ship Mary is registered in Melbourne. She 

foes on a voyage to South America, and there 
as a collision with the barque Jane, for which 
the Mary is wholly to blame. She afterwards 
returns to Melbourne, and is sold by a formal 
bill of sale to ^, a bona Jide purchaser for 

,y Google 


value, who has no notice of the collision, and 
who procures himself to be registered as owner. 
Afterwards the Mary^ while lying in the port of 
Melbourne, is arrested in an action commenced 
by the owners of the Jane. How is A liable to 
be affected by this action? Give the reasons 
for your answer. 

11. By his last will the father of A, a married woman, 

directed his executors and trustees to pay the 
income of £5,000, invested in Victorian Govern- 
ment debentures, to her during her life for her 
separate use, without power of anticipation. Ay 
while in receipt of the income of this property, 
at the request of her husband, signed a promis- 
sory note to secure a sum of £3,000 owing by 
him. At the time of signing this note she was 
entitled to the life interest under her father's will 
before mentioned, and had in the bank a sum of 
£50, which she had received in respect of the 
income thereof, but was not entitled to any other 
property. After this A^8 husband died. At his 
death A was possessed of fiimiture and jewellery 
which she had purchased out of the income of 
her separate estate to the value of £150. After 
this A^8 mother died, having by her last will 
devised and bequeathed property, real and per- 
sonal, to the value of £2,000 upon trust for A* 
The promissory note becoming due, are the holders 
of it entitled to enforce payment against A to 
any, and, if so, to what extent ? Give the reasons 
for your answer. 

12. A testator by his last will devises and bequeaths 

to his executors and trustees all the residue of his 
estate, real and personal, upon trust to sell and 

,y Google 


convert the same into money, and invest the pro- 
ceeds upon real or Government securities, and 
pay the income to his daughter A during her life^ 
and after her death to stand possessed of the 
corpus upon trust for all the children of A in 
equal shares, as tenants in common. A has three 
children born during the life of the testator, of 
whom two only survive him. Of these, one sur- 
vives Ay and one dies in her lifetime. A has also 
two children bom after the death of the testator, 
of whom one dies in her lifetime, and one sur- 
vives her. How ought the corpus of the property 
to be divided after the death of A? Give the 
reasons for your answer. 


The Board of JEa^aminers. 

Write an opinion on each of the following cases, giving 
the reasons for your opinion, and, where possible, 
citing authorities to support it. 

(1) The defendant gave to «/'. Jf. a promissory note, 
whereby he promised to pay J. Jf., or order, on 
demana, £5^0, with interest at the rate of 5 per 
cent, per annum for every year the note should 
remain unpaid. Afterwards a written agreement 
was entered into between J, M, and the aefendant 
tiiat the sum should be repaid by quarterly in- 
stalments of £25, with interest at the same rate 
as before. Shortly afterwards, and before any of 

,y Google 


the instalments were due, J. M. died, and his 
administrator sued the defendant on the note for 
the whole amount thereof. 

(2) Plaintiffs contracted with defendants to supply and 

erect certain machinery upon defendants' premises 
at specific prices for particular portions, and to 
keep it in repair for two years, the price to be 
paia on the completion of the whole. After some 
poi-tion of the work had been finished, and others 
were in course of completion, the premises, with 
the machinery and materials thereon, were de- 
stroyed by an accidental fire. The plaintiffs 
brought their action for work done and materials 
provided for that portion of the work which had 
been finished. 

(3) The defendants were solicitors to the petitioning 

creditor in certain insolvency proceedings, and 
had incurred costs, which were to be paid out of 
the estate. The plaintiff, a friend of the insolvent, 
offered to pay to the defendant a sum of money 
for these costs^ which had not been paid owing to 
want of assets, on their undertaking not to 
appear at the examination of the insolvent, and 
not to oppose his order of discharge. The de- 
fendants, with the consent of their client, agreed 
to this, and received the money. They did not 
appear at the examination, but before the appli- 
cation for the discharge had been made the 
plaintiff brought an action to recover back the 

(4) The defendant was sued for necessaries supplied to 

his wife. It appeared that the wife had committed 
adultery with the connivance of her husband, 
that she had been subseauently turned out of 
doors by him, that she had no means of support, 


,y Google 


and that the plaintiff supplied her with the 
necessaries in question wnile she was Uving 
separate from her husband. 

{6) Fruit-brokers in Melbourne gave a fruit merchant 
the following sold note: — "We have this day 
sold to you JL. B.y on account of C. -Z>., Sydney, 
100 cases of oranges of the brand CD., at ten 
shillings per case, free on board. ..." and signed 
it without any addition. The oranges were not 
delivered, and the purchaser brought an action 
against the brokers tor non-delivery of the oranges. 

{6) The defendants effected with the plaintiffs, who were 
underwriters, valued policies of insurance (includ- 
ing war risks) on a cargo which was afterwards 
totally destroyed by the Confederate cruiser 
Alaiamay and the underwriters paid the valued 
amounts which were less than the real value. 
The United States, out of a compensation iiind 
created after the loss, and under the provisions of 
an Act of Congress passed subsequently to the 
loss, paid to the defenaants the difference between 
the sum they had received and the real value. 
Under the Act of Congress, no claim was allowed 
for any loss for which the party injured had 
received compensation from an insurer, but if 
such compensation should not have been equal to 
the loss actualhr suffered, allowance might be 
made for the difference, and no claim was allowed 
by or on behalf of any insurer, either in his own 
right or in that of the party insured. The 
plaintiffs sued to recover from the defendants the 
sum paid to them by the United States. 

(?) A cheque on a Melbourne bank was fraudulently 
obtained from the drawer, the defendant, who 
received no value therefor, and a month after- 
wards was cashed in Melbourne by the person 

,y Google 


who obtained it with the plaintiff, who gave 
value, and was ignorant of the fraud, and of the 
fact t^at value had not been received by the de- 
fendant. The plaintiff immediately presented 
the cheque for payment^ and, on its dishonour, 
gave notice thereof to the defendant, and then 
sued him, as drawer. 

(8) Cloth merchants ordered of cloth manufacturers 

worsted coatings, which were to be in quality and 
weight equal to samples previously furnished; 
with the object, as the manufiEusturers knew, of 
selling the coatings to clothiers or tailors. The 
coatings supplied corresponded in every particu- 
lar with the samples, out owing to a certain 
defect, depending on the method of manufacture^ 
were unmerchantable for purposes for which 
^oods of the same general class had previously 
been used in the trade. The same defect existed 
in the samples, but was latent and not discoverable 
by due diligence upon such inspection as was 
ordinary and usual in such cases. The purchasers 
having paid cash for the goods, brought an action 
for damage, on the grounds that the goods were 
not merchantable, as they ought to have been. 

(9) The plaintiff contracted to make a railway, and did 

work for a company, for which he was entitled to 
be paid cash. The company not being in a 

Sosition to pay, an agreement was entered into 
uring the progress of the works between the 
plaintiff and the company, by which the plaintiff 
agreed to accept debenture stock in lieu of cash ; 
and the defendants, who were some of the direc- 
tors, thereupon signed and issued to the plaintiff 
certificates for the agreed amount of debenture 
stock. At that time, although the fact was not 
known to the defendants, ail the debenture stock 

I z 

,y Google 


which the company was entitled to issue had been 
issued, and, consequently, the stock issued to the 
plaintifF was valueless. The company went into 
liquidation^ but valid debenture stock, which was 
a nrst charge on the assets, retained its par value, 
but this first charge practicaUy exhausted the 
assets. The plaintiff sued the defendant on their 
implied representation that they had authority to 
issue valid debenture stock. 

The Board of ExanAnere. 

1. State and explain the classification of law adopted 


(a) Austin, 

{h) Dr. Holland, 

(c) Dr. Heam, 

toother with the reasons given by each author 
for his classification. 

2. What views have been expressed by Mr. Justice 

Markby upon any of the principles involved in 
any of the classifications mentioned in the last 
question ? 

3. Blackstone defines municipal law as ^^ rule of civil 

conduct prescribed by the supreme power in a 
state, commanding what is right and prohibiting 
what is wrong." Explain what he meant by the 
words ^^ commanding what is right and prohibit- 
ing what is wrong/' and criticise his position. 

,y Google 


4. Sir Henry Maine remarks in his Ancient Law, 

^'The mention of primofi^eniture introduces one 
of the most difficult problems of historical juris- 

(a) What are the considerations which render the 
oriffin of primogeniture in Europe a difficult 
proolem ? 

(b) What solution of the question is expressed by 
Sir Henry Maine, and upon what grounds ? 

5. What are the views of Sir Henry Maine as to the 

connexion between the manor and the village 
community in England ? 

6. Give a sketch of the condition of the agricultural 

population in England at the time of the Domes- 
day survey, as deduced by Mr. Seebohm. 


The Board of Examiners, 

1. Detail and discriminate the symptoms of aortic 

valvular disease, and of aneunsm of the first 
portion or of the arch. 

2. Discuss the sis^nificance of jaundice as a symptom, 

describing the conditions which may give rise to 
it, and the treatment applicable to each. 

S. Describe the seat and nature of the chief central 
lesions which give rise to hemiplegia. 

,y Google 



The Board of Examiners, 


1. A, B.f setat 50, cabman^ on admission into the hospital 
complains of vomiting, headache and drowsiness. 
His face is pale, the temporal arteries are modern 
atelj prominent and tortuoas; the pupils are 
normal and react slowly to light ; the muscular 
system is flabby, but he is not emaciated. The 
tongue is covered with a thick creamy fur; there 
is some tenderness in epigastrium ; liver dulness 
is normal; bowels are confined; .no cough; 
percussion note is good all over chest, except at 
the bases posteriorly, where, although the note is 
not very dull, it is not so clear as elsewhere; 
vesicular murmur is heard all over both lungs, 
at the bases somewhat harsh, and there are 
a few scattered moist rftles in these localities. 
The apex beat of the heart is removed towards 
the nipple line, and a little downwards; the 
impulse is well marked; the heart-sounds are 
everywhere well defined; the aortic second sound 
is accentuated ; pulse 80, incompressible, arteries 
atheromatous. Pain in the back, which was 
present a few days a^o, has disappeared. Urine, 
although still in good quantity, is not so copious 
as before his present illness ; it is of a dark smoky 
hue, neutral in reaction, sp. gr. 1012; on boiling 
and adding nitric acid a precipitate &lls, which, on 
standing*, occupies more than half the column of 
urine ; blood cells, and a few pieces of epithelial 
and granular casts are seen on microscopical 
examination. Temperature 99*^ P. 

,y Google 


Patient attributes his present illness to exposure 
during a cold wet nignt a week ago. before 
this he considered himself in good healthy 
although he admits that he was in the habit^ for 
the last two or three years, of getting up at night 
two or three times and passing pale urine in con- 
siderable quantities. He also states that he has 
been a fairly temperate man, especially so during 
the last ten years. He has had several attacks 
of gout, the last a year ago. 

Comment on the above case, giving pathology, 
diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. 
C.i>., aetat 26, clerk, complains of loss oi power in 
the Lower extremities, and giddiness; these 
symptoms have been gradually getting worse 
during the last four years. He admits that his 
habits have been intemperate, and states that he 
had a fall on his head about four years ago, and 
that his memory is defective. On examination, 
the pupils are found to be irregular, but react to 
light; the optic discs are normal; there is 
nystagmus of Doth eyes. The expression of the 
face is somewhat vacant, but there is no facial 
paralysis. The speech is "scanning." The 
tongue is protruded in the straight line. On 
attempting to drink a glass of water, either hand 
that is raised to his mouth, though before per- 
fectly steady, is seized with a tremor, and the 
glass comes against the mouth with a jerk. He 
walks with difiSculty, the gait is more paralytic 
than ataxic, and the deep reflexes are exaggerated. 
The electrical reaction of the muscles is normal. 
The bowels are much confined. 

Comment on the above case, giving the path- 
ology and prognosis, and the differential dia^osis 
between it and the other diseases for which it 
might be mistaken. 

,y Google 



Fhe Board of Examiners. 

1. Describe the formation and structure of the pla- 

centa, giving the more important theories. 

2. Discuss the subject of extra-uterine fistation. 

3. Give the mechanism of deliveiy in head presenta- 

tions, and the treatment — 

(a) In contraction of the pelvic brim. 

(b) In the generally contracted pelvis. 


The Board of Examiners, 

!• Enumerate the different conditions which constitute 
impotence in the male and sterility in the female. 

2. Mention circumstantially the various reasons which 

are claimed by insurance companies to invalidate 
a life policy. 

3. What are the cadaveric appearances severally in 

death by lightning, cold, and starvation ? 

4. What are the sources of error to be guarded against 

in examining stains supposed to be those of 
blood ? 

,y Google 


5. When the plea of insanity is raised as a bar to 

punishment in criminal cases^ what is the mode 
ctf procedure to be adopted in the examination of 
the subject of such plea ? 

6. What methods are resorted to by those who engage 

in the practice of criminal abortion ? 

7. Give the symptoms and post mortem appearances in 

poisoning by oxalic acid, hydrocyanic acid, acetic 
acid, and carbolic acid. 



The Board of Examiners. 

1. Describe the symptoms^ diagnosis^ prognosis^ and 
treatment of the two following forms of disease : 
— («) The common polypus of the nasal cavities. 
(J) The naso-pharyngeal polypus. 

Supposing operation to be determined on, give 
the details of the operation you would select for 
the removal of each of these forms of disease 
respectively. • 

S. I^escribe the mode of formation of a renal calculus, 
the symptoms following its formation, the diag- 
nosis; and the treatment. 

,y Google 


8. What are the malpositions of the fragments which 
sometimes follow a simple fracture in the middle 
third of the shaft of the radius ? How are they 
causedi and how prevented ? 


The Board of ExawinerB. 


A man received a smart blow from the end of a 
blunt iron chisel on the side of his head^ just 
above the ear, causing a linear fracture about an 
inch long; he was not rendered insensible, but 
continued to go about for several days^ and was 
not brought under surgical treatment till ten 
weeks after the receipt of the injury; he was 
then dyings and died in a few days. 

Describe the probable condition of the parts at 
the seat of injury a few hours after its infliction, 
and the proper treatment at that period. De- 
scribe also the subsequent changes, local and 
constitutional^ likely to follow in this case, and 
their proper treatment. 

A patient is placed under your care who a few 
hours previously was wounded by a pistol shot, 

. which struck him on the outer side of the right 
nipple; he is suffering from emphysema and 
haemoptysis, with difiScult breathing, and some 
collapse. What are the points that require, 
special investigation and attention in the exami- 
nation and treatment of such a case ? 

,y Google 


Describe the conditions that would influence 
your diagnosis and prognosis, and the subsequent 
complications and dangers to life likely to arise ; 
give your treatment of the primary injury, and 
of the most probable complications. 

S. A child one year old, ill-nourished and feeble, be- 
came very restless, lost its appetite, slept but 
little^ cried when it was moved, and screamed 
with pain when its left foot or leg was touched. 
Ten days from the commencement of these symp- 
toms it was examined by a surgeon who found, 
besides considerable constitutional derangement, 
that the left thigh was flexed on the abdomen, 
and rigidly fixed ; any attempt to move it caused 
great pain ; pressure on the great trochanter also 
caused pain. 

What would be your diagnosis, prognosis, and 
treatment at this stage of the disease ? Describe 
fully the details of the treatment. 


4th year old regulations. 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. Write an essay upon the location of main roads in 
mountainous districts, illustrating it by reference 
to roads in Victoria. 

,y Google 


2. Disouss full J the mode of proportioning culverts 
and bridges on a line of railway. Illustrate jour 
answer by dealing with the case of a creek drain- 
ing 20 square miles of hilly country, the creek 
itself faUmg 30 feet per mile, and the rainfall 
being similar to that experienced in Melbourne. 

8. What is meant by a "curve of adjustment f' 
What advantages attend the use of such curves, 
and how are they laid out ? 

4. Write an essay upon the various methods of gauging 

the flow of large and small streams, and upon 
the relation that exists between such flow and 
the rainfall. 

5. Qire as full a description as you can of the con- 

struction, adjustment, and mode of using the 
various instruments employed in a great trigono- 
metrical survey. 

4th tear old regulations. 


The Board of Examiners, 

1. Draw the epicycloid formed when the rolling circle 

is 8 inches and the fixed circle 6 inches diameter, 

and from the point where it meets the fixed 

circle draw an involute to that circle. Discuss 

: the application of these curves to the design df 

. the teeth of wheels. 

,y Google 


2. A chessboard is 16 inches square, and a bucket is 
13 inches diameter at top, 9 inches at bottom, 
and 12 inches deep. The bucket is placed on 
the chessboard, their centres coinciding. Make 
an isometrical drawing one-third full size of 
these objects, and describe the method, and point 
out the practical advantages of this system of 

8. Make a perspective drawing of the objects described 
in the preceding question, the picture plane being 
in contact with one corner of the chessboard and 
inclined 30° to one side of it, and the point of 
sight being 1 foot above the top of the bucket. 

4. The colony of Victoria extends from the 141st to 

the 150th meridian, and from the 84th to the 89th 
parallel of south latitude. Make a conical projec- 
tion showing each degree of latitude and longi- 
tude, the scale to be such that each degree of 
latitude is represented by 1 inch. 

5. Make working drawings half full size of the object 

submitted to you. 


First Paper. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. Design a web-plate girder to suit the following 
conditions : — 
(a) Continuous over three spans of 50 feet, 20 feet, 
and 30 feet respectively. 

,y Google 


(b) Loaded with 1 ton per foot run. 

(c) Not more than 3 feet deep. 

Draw to suitable scale diagrams of bending 
moments and shearing forces^ and inrestigate 
the equations of slope and deflection. 

Make a drawing showing arrangement of 
plates, angle irons, stiffeners^ &c. 

State size of rivets, and show how you would 
space them. 

2. Make a sketch of a lattice girder suitable for a 
swing bridge of two spans of 80 feet, central 
pier §0 feet diameter: — 

Dead load = 1^ tons per foot run. 

Live load = 1} tons per foot run. 


Second Paper. 
The Board of Examiners. 

Describe and illustrate by means of sketch dia- 
grams how you would determine the horizontal 
thrust and bending moment in a rigid arch rib 
assuming all necessary data. 

Make sketches showing plan and elevation and end 
view of an ordinary American truss railway 
brids^e, with sloping ends, and show how yon 
would proceed in order to calculate the stresses 
on the various members due to wind. 

,y Google 


3. A suspension bridge consists of steel wire cables^ 

steel stiffening s^rders hinged at the centre, and 
steel cross girders. The span is 500 feet, the 
dip of the cables is 40 feet. Investigate the 
maxima bending moments and shearing stresses 
in the stifiening girder, and the maximum in- 
tensity of working stress which you would allow 
on the booms and web. Show how you would 
design the stiffening girder, having given the 
dead load one ton per foot run, and live load half 
a ton per foot run. 

4. State ftilly, and illustrate by sketches, how you would 

design the eye bars and pins of an American 
truss bridge, making all necessary calculations. 

5. Design a group tension joint consisting of four 

plates, each 24 inches wide, by J inch thick; 
and make all necessary calculations as to the 
number of rivets required in the central and end 
groups. Consider fully the four ways in which 
such a joint may fail. 

4th year B.C.E., OLD REGULATIONS. 


The Board of Examiners, 

!• A slip of earth has taken place from a roadway into 
a clay pit \ the accompanying cross-section shews 

,y Google 


the present profile of the ground ; the stratifica- 
tion is vertical and the beds are transverse to the 
line of the road. 

Design a retaining wall which will enable the 
road to be made good^ and draw a cross-section 
of it to a scale 2 feet to 1 inch^ also give a 
diagram shewing the forces acting on the wall. 



y^ y ^ y y' y^ / / 

2. It is required to build a pier of masonry, 100 feet 
by 10 feet in plan, in the Yarra, in a site similar 
to that of Prince's Bridge; the depth of water is 
about 12 feet, and the bottom is rocky, full of 

,y Google 


fissures and covered with boulders. Design a 
suitable coffer dam, and make drawings of it to 
scale 4 feet to 1 inch. 

3. Draw half-longitudinal section^ half elevation^ and 
half plan, shewing arrangement of stringers, 
deck, and abutments of a timber road-bridge for 
country trafBo — ^16 feet span, 20 feet roadway, 
and 15 feet above stream bed. 


The Booflrd of Examiners. 

1. Draw a cross section to scale 4 feet to 1 inch of a 

town street 66 feet wide with 10 foot footpaths, 
shewing tar-paving, kerbing, channelling, and 
wood-paving throughout. 

Draw up specifications for the earthwork in the 
formation of the street, the soil being volcanic 
with large boulders in places. 

2. Prepare drawings for a subway for foot traffic, under 

a double line of railway, at a street crossing ; the 
line approaches the station with surface £unda- 
tion on a rising grade of 1 in 60, and is level 
across the street and at the station. 


,y Google 



FiBST Paper. 

Ths Board of Examiners. 

1. Hake neat detailed sketches of a steam engine 
capable of developing 30 horse-power^ with a 
boiler pressure of 80 lbs. 

The following particulars will be required : — 

(fl) General drawing of engine, giving elevation of 
cylinder, <&c., cross-head, slide bars, connecting- 
rod, crank, main shaft, flj-wheel, £c. ; and show 
necessary fittings, such as lubricators, petcocks, 

{b) Plan of same. 

(c) Section through cylinder and valve-chest, 
giving all necessary dimensions. 

{d) All calculations necessary, indicator diagram 
expected, calculations showing how the size of 
various working parts are arrived at. 

{e) Describe how you would test such an engine. 

(^) In supervising the construction of such an 
engine, what practical precautions would yon 
adopt with regard to foundry work, pattern- 
making, fitting, (&c. ? 

,y Google 



Second Pafeb. 

The Board of Examiners, 

Vot more tlian FIVE questlonB to 1>e attempted. 

1. Show how to draw the diagram of crank pin resist- 

ance, having given the indicator diagrams and 
the dimensions of the engine. 

(a) Neglecting, (h) Considering the acceler- 
ation of the reciprocating parts. 

2. Explain fiiUy how you would proceed in order to 

aetermine the weight of the fly-wheel of a steam 
engine, having given the diameter of the fly- 
wheel and the fluctuation of speed permitted. 

8. Make a diagram sketch of Joy's valve gear, and 
shew how to determine the driving effort from 
the known valve resistance. Compare the action 
of Joy's gear with Stephenson's link motion 
in regard to the distribution of steam at various 
grades of expansion. 

4. Investigate, by means of equations, the distribution 

of steam in a two-cylinder compound engine with 
cranks at right angles to each other, and draw 
the theoretical diagrams assuming all necessary 

5. What are the four principal causes for the presence 

of water in the cylinders of a steam engine ? 
Describe fully the various methods that have 

K 2 

,y Google 


been employed in order to diminish the losses 
resulting from the causes referred to, and 
illustrate your remarks by drawing indicator 

6. State approximately the reUtioqsbip which exists 

between the grate area and heating surface in 
the k>eomoti¥ey marine, and Lu^eashirA boilers. 
State also, the proportion of heating surface to 
fiiel burnt. Describe, by means of sketches, the 
construction of a modem marine boiler with 
three furnaces, showing water spaces, and method 
of staying flat surfaces. Oive an index of the 
▼ariouB parts, and enumerate all the principal 

7. Describe, with sketches, the valre motion and 

method of igniting the mixture in the Otto 
engine as constructed by Crossley Bros. Why 
does the efficiency of this engine differ so slightly 
from the original Otto and Langen engine ? 
Why has it t^en the place of the latter ? 



The Board of Examiners. 

1. Design a line of pipes from J. to Z> to deliver 100 
gals, per minute at D under a working head of 
80 feet, and draw the hydraulic grade Une. 

,y Google 


;s 08 

I ^ 





•3 •« ^ ^ 


Q, -« fcq k^ 




,y Google 



^ o o S 

,y Google 



First Paper. 

The Board of Examiners, 

!• Describe carefully the systeip which you would 
adopt in carrying out a "block survey" for the 
purposes of the Metropolitan Board of Works, 
and point out the precautions which you would 
adopt to ensure accuracy. 

2. The above survey is to be referred to the true 

meridian. Describe how you would proceed to 
determine the true bearing of your base line, 
giving all the necessary formulae for the reduc- 
tion of your work. 

3. Describe carefully how you would proceed to take 

the levels and fix the bench marks in a township, 
with a view to the construction of street channels 
for surface drainage. 

Second Paper. 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. The observed Zenith Distances of a cireumpolar 
star at its lower and upper culmination were 
found to be 63° 29' 40" and 45° 31' 26"; the 
corrections for refraction being respectively 1' SS'' 
and 59". The time of lower transit taken with 
a mean time chronometer was 6 hours 13 minutes 

,y Google 



SO) ® .2 » 

iin S ."♦5 


£ g © - .M 
H -2 ► «) rt 

* a s -= * s 

I 5 2** fe - 

2*^ t 


§ g - g 2 5 
= '^ 5.S_g § •» 

;3^'S boo ♦» 
d S <rt 

•C <D 

•« s 


» i-i ^^ ^-' OB M 

a 3 08 fl a 


, Google 


S. From data g^ven on diagram, compute lengths AB, 
BC, CD, DE, FD, DG, and BH. DisttoOd FQ 
to be taken at 3,500 links. 


,y Google 



PiBST Paper. 

The Board of Examiners, 

1. Draw ap specificatioiis for the following works : — 

(a) Construction of 20 chains of road across 
swampy land, the surrounding country being 
loamy, and metal being obtainable. 

{b) Eerbing, channelling, and tar-paving for 10 
chains of a town street 50 feet wide, near Mel- 

(e) Wood-paving of 10 chains of a 66-ft. street, 
also near Melbourne. 

(d) Suoply of maintenance metal for a town for a 
perioa of twelve months. 

2. Draw half-longitudinal section, quarter plan, and 

sectional elevation of a skew brick culvert, having 
80 square feet waterway, to be placed under a 
road embankment 20 feet in depth, the formation 
width of the road being 50 feet, and the angle of 
skew 45°. 

,y Google 



Second Paper. 

The Board of Examiners. 

Design an iron girder bridge, with suitable approaches, 
for the case outlined in plan herewi^. The 
width of bridge to be 86 feet clear, viz., 24-feet 
roadway, and two footpaths of 6 feet each. 

Give half elevation, half longitudinal section, 
half plan and cross section showing decking and 
roadway. Give also details of the more important 


The Board of Examiners, 

!• "Write a specification for a pipe-laying contract in 
connection with an urban Waterworks Trust. 
The contract to provide for supply of all valves, 
fittings, and material (except pipes) necessary 
for the works. Pipes used (whicn will be sup- 
plied by the Trust) 6", 4^^, and 3" diameter. 

2. A city with a population of ^36,000 concentrated in 
an area of 2^ square miles and not receiving any 
drainage or sewage from other districts, is carry- 
ing out a scheme for drainage on the water 
carriage system, the sewage being conveyed to a 
farm ten miles distant. At the point where the 
branch sewers unite the surface is at R. L. 200 

,y Google 


and the inverter of sewers at 180. The general 
surface level of the sewagpe farm is iSl, the 
country between the city and farm having a 
gradual slope towards the latter. For the first 
two miles the outlet sewer passes through blue- 
stone country. 

{a) Give a complete working cross section of Hm 
outlet sewer you would adopt. 

(b) Give a rou^h section showing the levels and 
grades to which it should be constructed. 

(je) Show where the necessary pumping plant 
should be placed. 

(d) State what indicated horse-power the plant 
should have. 

Give your reasons for your answers. 

Sf. (a) Give a sketch-design for a timber weir suitable 
for raising the water in a river 26 feet abov^ 
ordinary summer level. The river may be 
assumed to be 800 feet wide, and to have clay 
banks and bottom, the latter six feet below sunk- 
mer level. No danger need be anticipated from 
backing flood waters on private property, &c. 

(b) Give fall particulars of filtration works you 
would deem suitable for a town with population 
of 10,000, obtaining a water supply by pumping 
from the lower reaches of a large navigable river 
(such as the Murray), on the banks ofwhicb the 
town may be assumed to be built 

(Note, — One division only of (3) to be attempted.) 

,y Google 





The Boa/rd of Excmimera, 

1. Prove Lagrange's theorem for the ezpansion of 
F(z) in powers of y where 2 = a; + y ^ {z). 

Shew that the co-e£Bcient of af in the expan- 
sion of (1 — 2 /?a? + a?2)-* is 

Mi)' ("-')' 

2. Shew how the method of undetermined multipliers 
is applied to the solution of problems of maxima 
and minima. 

Find the maxima and minima values of 
aP + y^ + z^ where 

ax^ + by? + cz^ + 2fyz + 2ffzx + 2hxt/ = 1. 

Ix + my + nz =: 0. 

8. Find the equation of the osculating conic at a given 
point of a plane curve. 

Prove that the locus of the centre of a conic 
having contact of the third order with a given 
curve at a given point is a straight line. 

,y Google 


4. Find the value of 

where J'{x), F{x) are rational integral algebrai- 
cal functions of x and f{x) is at least two 
degrees lower in x than F (a?). 
Frove that 

J. 1"+^" 

= sin Ox 
where a lies between and 1. 

5. Shew how to change the variables in a triple 

Transform the integral 

r r fvdxdydz 

by the substitution 

£ 1? 4: 

6. Shew how to depress the order of a homogeneous 
ordinary differential equation. 
Solve the equation 

-S = (-4)' 

7. Find the condition that the total differential 

P dx+ Qdy-\- RdzznO 
may have a single primitive, 
integrate the equation 
{bz ^ cy) dx + (ex ^ az) dy + (ay ^bx) dz-zz 0. 

,y Google 


8. Give Gharpit's method for solving the equation. 

Solve the equation 
^ + 5^2 - 2p« — 2y y + 1 = 0. 

9. Find the condition that a cone may have three 

peroendicular generators. 

Shew that any two sets of three conjugate 
diameters of a conicoid are generators of a cone 
of the second degree. 

10. Show that two conicoids of a confocal system will 

touch any straight line. 

If three lines at right angles to each other 
touch a conicoid the plane through the points of 
contact will envelop a confocal. 

11. Find the differential equations of the lines of cur- 

vature on any surface. 

If a line of curvature be a plane curve its 
plane will cut the surface at a constant angle. 

,y Google 



The Bomrd of Mx a fmner s. 

1. It has been objected to Austin's definition of Positive 

Law, that it is not applicable to the rule ^^ that 
every will must be in writing/' or to the rule that 
^^ a legacy to the witness of a will is void ; " also, 
that it is not applicable to rules of procedure. 
Criticise these objectigns* 

2. It has been objected that Austin's definitions of law 

and sovereignity would be inapplicable tp the 
government of the Punjaub by Runjeet Sing» 
Explain and criticise this objection. 

8. What were the three new rules not admitted by 
England to be part of the law of nations which 
the arbitrator was directed to apply by the treaty 
of Washington, 1871 (relating to the Alabama 
case), and what position did the parties to the 
trea^ agree to take up with respect to these rules 
in the future ? 

4. Why is International Law not law properly so 

called ? 

5. What are the agencies by which, according to Sir 

Henry Maine, in a progressive community, 
positive law is brought into harmony with public 

,y Google 


opinion ? Explain and illustrate the opration of 
tnese agencies in the Boman ana English 

6. What were the technical grounds put forward by 

Russia to justify the repudiation by her of the 
clauses of the treaty of Paris neutralizing the 
Black Sea^ and of her engagements as to Batoum, 
contained in the treaty of Berlin ? 

7. What appear from the ancient Hindu legal treatises 

noticed by Sir Henry Maine to have been the 
motives which induced a Hindu to desire especi- 
ally to leave a son surviving him ? What de- 
vices were adopted by men who had no sons to 
attain the same objects ? Which of those devices 
are still followed in India to-day^ and what is 
the motive for the discontinuance of the others ? 

8. Describe the constitution of the Hundred Court 

under the Salic Law^ and the part taken by the 
King and his officers in enforcing its decisions. 
State also what importance Sir Henry Maino 
attaches to this exercise of the royal authority. 

9. What are the causes mentioned by Sir Henry Maine 

as occasioning the difference in the circumstances 
which have attended the decay of the manorial 
system in England and in France. 

,y Google 



The Board qf Examiners. 

1. Define and explain the boundaries of legislation 

and of judicial interpretation^ as expressed in the 
maxim, '^ Optima Isx quae minimum reUnquU 
arbitrio judtcis. Optimus judex qui minimum 

2. What power of delegation of the powers of legis- 

lation ia possessed by the sovereign body in a 
State ? 

S. State the essential distinction between a sovereign 
legislature and a legislature with delegated 
powers of legislation conferred by the sovereign 

4. Is the Parliament of Victoria a sovereign legisla- 

tive body, or a subordinate legislature with dele- 
gated powers of legislation f 

5. Under what provisions in the Constitution Act is 

the Parliament of Victoria empowered to confer 
the power of making by-laws upon munici- 
palities ? 

4. Enumerate and distinguish and localize the several 
types of rural local government in the American 

,y Google 


7. What Is the ftindam^ital distinction between the 
European and the American conception of the 
prdblem of Government ? 

-8. Distinguish the science of legislation from the 
.science of jurisprudence. 

9. In what different form may the check on colonial 
legislation be exercised ? 

10. State generally the purposes for which byJaws, 

regulations, and joint regulations may^in Victoria^ 
be made by a municipality imder the Local 
Government Act 1890. 

11. What is the statutory restriction in Victoria upon 

all by-laws^ regulations^ and joint regulations, 
the non-observance of which restriction would 
render the by-law, regulation, or joint regulation 
null and void? 

12. If any resident ratepayer of a municipality in 

Victoria desire to dispute the validity of any 
by-law, regulation, or joint regulation, in what 
court, and by what procedure, is the validity of 
such by-law, regulation, or joint regulation to be 
tested r 

The Board of Mvaminers. 

1. Austin says, ^^ whenever a command is signified a 
duty is imposed." In accordance with this defi- 
nition, if a robber enters a bank and presents a 


,y Google 


reyolyer at the manager and orders him to 
deliver over the keys oi the safe, it becomes the 
daty of the manager to comply. So also^ if the 
general of the besieging army tells the governor 
of a fortress that, if he does not at once sur- 
render, he will put all the garrison to the sword, 
it will be the duty of the governor to surrender. 
Either justify this application of the word duty 
or suggest some qualification of Austin's defini- 
tion which will prevent its being applicable to 
such cases. 

3. How did Hobbes define the word ^^ right" as 

enjoyed by the subjects of a commonwealth, and 
in what respects aoes Austin depart from his 

8. State and criticise the rules laid down by Bentham 
for determining the proportion between punish- 
ments and offences. 

4. It is said that the intention of the parties governs 

the contract. What difiSculties arise in the 
application of this maxim, and state and criticise 
the solutions which have been suggested by 
Paley, Austin, and Mr. Justice Markby. 

5. State and criticise the classification of contracts 

given by Dr. Holland. 

6. Describe the nature and functions of customary law 

in primitive and advanced communities respec- 

7. Give a sketch of the history of the theories of 


,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 

^ote, whenever yon can, the text of the Imw In 
snpport of yonr statements. 

1. Discuss the proTisions of the Boman Law on — 

{a) The responsibility of a husband for the 
contracts and torts of his wife. 

(J) The responsibility of a wife for her con- 
tracts and torts. 

{c) The rights of a married woman over or 
to the property of her husband. 

{d) The rights of a husband over or to the 
property of his wife. 

{$) The procedure for enforcing the several 

during the following periods: — 

(1) Under the Republic. 

(2) Under the Empire. 

2. To what extent did the relation of landlord and 

tenant, and the right of the landlord to distrain 
for rent, exist — 

(a) Under the Republic. 

(h) Under the Empire. 

State the procedure for enforcing the rights of 
the respective parties. 

8. In our law, '^no man is the absolute owner of 
land. He can only hold an estate." Contrast 
the Roman system of property with ours. 

,y Google 


4. Discnss the three modes by which possession may 

be unlawfully acquired, and the remedies of the 
legal owner. 

5. To what extent was an obligation transferable? 

What remedies had the transferee ? 

6. Describe an execution under a Judgment. 

?• Discuss the system of mortg^pe under Roman 

8. When was proof of (1) dolus vudus, (2) cvJpa, 

necessary in an action of tort ? 

9. '^ The Classification of the Romans has reference to 

principles of procedure.'* Criticise this state- 



The Board of ExcmAners. 

1. Is the Method of Agreement applicable to pheno- 
mena of succession only, or may it be logically 
applied also to phenomena of coexistence ? 6i^ 
your reasons, connectiog your answer with Mill's 
treatment of the Method. 

,y Google 


2. The Method of Concomitant Variations has heen 

described as ^' a modification either of the Method 
of Agreement or of the Method of Difference." 
How so ? Illustrate your answer. 

3. What Method, or Methods, would you apply in 

deciding whether or not a given microbe is the 
necessary condition of a disease ? 

4. What distinction has been drawn between com- 

pound and heteropathic effects ? Is it true that, 
m chemistry, we are never able to foretell what 
result will follow from any new combination 
until the specific experiment has been tried ? 

6. Show the importance, firom a scientific point of view, 
of connecting inductions by ratiocination. 

6. Illustrate the statement that observation and infer- 

ence are intimately blended; and show fully 
what, from a logicsd point of view, is involved in 
the description of an object. 

7. Mention principles which should be adhered to in 

the use of general names, so that they may con- 
duce most to the purposes of induction. 

8. Natural Groups, it has been said by Whewell, are 

^* given by Type, not by Definition." Examine 
this statement critically. 

,y Google 



J. F. FishJmume. 

1. Give the most general characteristics of com- 
mencing insanity. 

S. Give the etiology and pathology of epilepsy. Con- 
trast petit mcU with haut mal, give the diagnosis, 
prognosis^ and treatment. 

8. Describe epileptic mania and its treatment. 

4. What are the various pathological conditions pro- 

duced by the intemperate use of alcohol ? 
Describe alcoholic dementia, its prognosis and 

5. Contrast acute mania with acute delirious mania. 

With what may the latter be confounded ? 
Describe fiilly the medical treatment, and the 
means you would adopt, if you were called on to 
treat a case of acute delirious mania in a private 

6. When wills are opposed in the law courts, what 

usually are the grounds for doing so? What 
conditions of mind are likely to render testamen- 
tary capacity defective, and why ? 

,y Google 


The Board of ExaminerB. 

1. Give a critical account of the views held on the 

nature and mode of transmission of influenza, 
and state your opinion on the subject of its 

2. Discuss the relation of interdependence of cardiac 

and renal disease in their various forms and 

8. Give your experience in the treatment of hsemop- 


4. Describe the nature^ symptoms^ and treatment of 
pernicious anemia. 


The Board of Examiners. 


C. D., SBtat 17^ was admitted to hospital suffering 
from right hemiplegia^ with some facial paralysis 
of same side. There was the history of a some- 
what similar attack eighteen months previously, 
followed by recovery. She was apnasic, and 
was said to have suffered from heaaache. The 
deep reflexes were exaggerated^ and there was 
marked ankle clonns on the ri^ht and slightly 
on the left ; there was also considerable rigidity 
of the muscles of the right limbs. In two 

,y Google 


months she was discharged greatly improyed, 
able to walk abont^ with uttle remains of muscu- 
lar rigidity, and no ankle clonns ; the sight was 
not affected. Six months after she was re- 
admitted, with the hemiplegia about the same^ 
a little rigidity of the arm easily oyercome, no 
ankle clonns, but patellar reflex exaggerated, 
especially on the right. There was now diyer- 
gent strabismus most distinct in the left eye; 
she passed all discharges in bed, but understood 
what was said to her; she slept well, and did 
not seem to be in pain; there was no yomiting; 
when the head was percussed anywhere she 
winked rather than winced, but did so also in 
anticipation of the stroke; light did not seem 
to anect her, but opthalmoscopic examination 
showed the retina congested, the discs a little 
blurred, but not " choked." 

Comment on this case, discussing specially 
pathology and locaUsation of lesion. 

2. C. D.y ffitat 45, sailor, states that for about six 
months he has suffered from shortness of breath 
and giddiness. On examination the yeins of the 
head, face, neck, upper extremities, and chest are 
seen to be dilated and distended; the skin oyer 
the same regions is of a dusky cyanotic hue; 
the yeins of the trunk, below the margins of the 
ribs, and those of the lower extremities, are not 
affected, and the sldn here prese&ts no abnormal 
appearance. Whilst the patient is lying in bed 
he is quite comfortable, out on first assuming 
the erect position he staggers, looks daied, and 
talks incoherently. This condition sooi^ passes 
off, and he is able to moye about quietly, without 
any ftirther distress. If he stoops forward the 

,y Google 


venous engorgement becomes more apparent, 
and he feela dizzy; if he walks qnickly he suffers 
from dyspnoea* 

Patient is well nourished^ appetite and diges- 
tion good; no cough; percussion note and breath 
sound good; all over chest; apex beat of heart 
is removed outwards^ and slightly downwards; 
impulse is strong; at the right margin of the 
sternum; at level of second rib and second inteiv 
space a pulsation is felt; and in the same locality 
a. systolic bruit is beard, which is transmitted 
some distance along the aorta; the second 
aortic sound is clear; and the sounds heard in 
the pulmonary and mitral areas are normal; no 
difference in the radial pulses. 

Comment on the above casC; giving diagnosis, 
prognosis^ and treatment. 


Professor Halford. 

1. GftfB the superficial and deep origins and the 
functions of the nerves met with in a dissection 
of the orbit. 

2« '^ With regard to the supreme centres of our mental 
lifc; from the residua of past thoughts, feelings, 
and actions, which have been organized as mental 
faculties, there results a certain p»ychical tone in 
each individual. This is the oasis of the indi- 
vidual's ego." — Maudslby. 

What are the facts upon wbieh the above 
statement has been made ? 

,y Google 



I%e Board of Hxandners. 


AladTy aged 87, had engaged an opinionated and 
mezperienced woman to attend ner in her first 
con&iement The nurse calls on, and informs 
the doctor that the baby was bom six hoars ago, 
and that blood has been constantly oozing since, 
and asks him to go and just remove the after* 
birth. The doctor finds the patient very weak 
firom loss of blood and removes the placenta, 
after which there is some flooding. On the third 
day afterwards, the morning temperature is 100* 
and the pulse 120; there is slight tenderness and 
some distension of the abdomen ; and not much 
discharge, bat some milk. The temperatures 
continue to be high at times, but are normal 
occasionally for twelve or fifteen hours, then sud- 
denly rising perhaps to 104*, and there are at 
times proftise perspirations and flying pains in 
the limbs. The fiiends consider it is Sie doctor^s 
&ult that the patient is not well, and ask why 
she is not up and about like other women. In 
the fourth week, the nurse has made the patient 
sit up, contrary to the doctor's directions, when 
she suddenly faints and is dead. 

Comment on this case in its various aspects, 
particularly discussing the diagnosis and patho- 
logy, prognosis and treatment in the different 
stages, and describing the normal modes of ces- 
sation of haemorrhage in child-birth. 

,y Google 




The Board of Examiners, 

1. Ecrivez une lettre de condol^ance k S. M. la reine 

Victoria, au sujet de la mort de son petit-fils. 
(Une demi-page environ). 

2. Comparez entre eux les diiF6rents Etats Australiens, 

en indiquant ce qui constitue la richesse de 

3. Traduisez, mais sans versifier : 

Fear no more the heat o' the sun^ 
Nor the fiirious winter's rages j 

Thou thy worldly task has done, 

Home art gone, and ta'en thy wages ! 

Golden lads and girls all must 

As chimney-sweepers come to dust. 

Fear no more the frown o' the great, 
Thou art past the tyrant's stroke; 

Care no more to clothe and eat, 
To thee the reed is as the oak : 

The sceptre, learning, physic must 

All follow this and come to dust 

,y Google 


4. Traduisez: 

It is usually said that the life of an Author 
can be little ebe than the history of his works, 
but this opinion is liable to many exceptions. 
If an author, indeed, has passed his days in 
retirement, his life can afford little more variety 
than that of any other man who has lived in 
retirement; but if, as is generally the case with 
writers of great celebrity, he has acquired a pre- 
eminence over his contemporaries, if he has ex- 
cited rival contentions, ana defeated the attacks 
of criticism or of malignity, or if he has plunged 
into the controversies of his age, and performed 
the part either of a tyrant or a hero in literature, 
his nistory may be rendered as interesting as 
that of any other public character. 

Bon. S. Bninr, OoT«niment Printer, MtibonriM. 

,y Google 

,y Google 

Digitized by Google 

,y Google 

,y Google 







Udag ^[latrttttlaiion fammatt0n, 






" 1892. 



Digitized by Google 


AST Oh . 


,y Google 


Pass Examination— 








Geometry ... 








German ... 


Arithmetic ... 


Gfography .,. 


Chemistry ... 




Physiology ... 






HoNouB Examination— 


... ... .. 



... ... .. 



... ... .. 


Geometry and Trigonometry ... 






French ,.^ 




Chemistry ... 




Physiology ... 






A 2 

,y Google" 

Digitized by Google 




The Board of Exomwm&r: 

V.B.— Oa&dldat«s must do satlsfibotor^ work on BAOA 
part of th* pap«r. 

1. Translate into English — 

Kal 6 'HpafcX^c iucovaae ravra, i yvvai, £(l>rif 
oyofjLa ^i <roi rl eoriv; ^ ^6, oi fxev Iftol <l>(\oi, £^17^ 
KoXovffi fJL€ "Eh^aifioylay, ol ^e ixktovvte^ ovofJL&iovtri 
/if Kouclav, Koi Iv rovr^ fi eripa yvvil wpotreXOovtra 
elviv' Koi iyiit ^icoi irpoi: o'£, (5 'HpdicXeeC} ei^vla 
roifc ytvviiffavTCLQ (tEj koX n^v i^vviv Hiv ot)v kv rp 
iraiZelq. Karafiadovffa' e£ iy e\m(fi)j el rijy Trpoc 
€/xe oBoy rpdiroio, (nftoBp* 6,y at rwy icoXa^i^ koI 
aefiy&y ipyirriy iiyadoy yeyiaOaty jcal ifxi m 9ro\v 
iyrifioripay koI ct' ayaOoec Biairpeirearipay (^ytfyai, 
ohK i^awariiffu} di at Trpooi/jUois fi^ovfjCf hXK\ ^ep 
oi Otoi Siidtaayf ra oyra liriyiiaofiai /xtr^ dXiiOtiae. 




S. Translate into Greek— 

(a) If twelve of his fellow-countnrmen decide 
that the prisoner has been guilty of marder> the 
judges will order him to be put to death. 

(i) The archons will ask every citizen to pay some 
tribute in order that the state may not be with- 
out money. 

{c) Very many of the Athenians, some on foot, 
some ridinff in chariots, marched through the 
town, as if in triumph^ until they came to the 
great temple of Demeter. 

8. State the eender of and decline yevoc, vavc, dpl^, 
vovc; and decline in all genders yXvicvc, ootiq. 

4. Compare xaXCig, ixitrocj p^^io^, evvovc. 

5. Write down the principal parts of etrdlaty rvyxavuf, 

inrnTxy^ouaiy ^aiyw, d)Oew. Give, in full, the per- 
fect indicative middle of tfrrrifjLi, the 2nd aorist 
imperative active of Bl^wfu, the present optative 
active of ti/i&Mj and the future indicative middle 
of ffriWuf, 

1. ^Translate— 

Kal rod tBtiywpQvtoc Ipiifrwvroi rt to imIKvov eci| 
iletKBtip, stirev 6 Xiipi&o^C 'AXXck fiia iLvtifi etnrl 
'fr6po^oC9 flP hpq/C* ^^v ^i ri^ raiJrj t'ttparai 
irtipiivaif KvXiv^cv&i XlSovc btrip tainiic tfjt virep- 
e^o^^C irirpa^' Sc ^' ^v icaraXi^^Op, otVb) hatlBerai. 
"A/ia d' eBetiev ahrf trvyrtrpifiuivoibe itPOp^irovt 
ical enciKri ical vXtvpi^, ^Kr he ical YOv^ Xldove 
iimXiutrioinpy c^i) 6 iBi€VOf^QVy HiXko ti ^ dtr^er itiaXvei 
itupiiyat) oh ykp d^ h tov tvUvfiw hpQ^tv cl fc^ 

,y Google 


oKlyove TovTove avOpunrov^f Koi tovtwv Bvo ij rpeig 
unr\i<rixivovc, T6 M \<opioVy wc fcat (ru opfg, 
trxjB^oy Tpla fifjUjrXsdpa itniy o hei )3aX\o/i6vovc 
huXdeiv* TovTOv Si 6<rov irXidpov Satrv vlrvtri 
BiaXeiirovtratc fityaXatSy 6.vff iv lemycc^rcc Ap^bc 
ri hv watrxpuy rj xnro TUfV (fiepOfAiytav Xtdwv ij inro 
T&y KvXiyZovfiiviitv. 

2. In above passage parse, explaining construction, 

hp^Q^ jcaraXij^d^y trvyrerpiiJifjLivouc, itaXetwovffaiQy 
ir<i(ryo(cv. Account for the case of trKeXrf, and 
for the mood of ^reiparat. 

3. Translate-^ 

'£^($«cct Sr^ Toi^ ffTparriydiQ oifK dff^aXic elvoi 
hiaffKrjyovyf aXXa tniyayayeiy to tyrparevfia iroXiv' 
kyrevOey trvyfjXOoy' koi yap e^dxei <ruyaiOpia(eiv* 
'HvKTepevoyriify ^' airrwy eyravda eiriiriirTU x*-^^ 
AirXiTOCy Utrre cnriicpwl/e Ka\ ra ^TrXa Kai rovg dvOpeo- 
irovc KaraKSifiiyov^' icat ra inroivyia mfy€T6Bi(rey fi 
Xiity * kqX iroXvQ oKyog ^y ayLfrravBaC Karaxu^iyiay 
yap aXteiyby ^v ^ X^^^ eirtTrcirroiicvia ^rff> /k^ 
irapa^^vtLri. 'EttcI he iSityoi^&y £T6XfAti<re yvfxyoe 
Cfy ayatrrcLQ ^/f€£V fvXa, rdxo ayatrrdc rcc Kal 
aXXoi EKtiyov w^eXofxevoQ tayii^y* 'E'f ^f tovtov 
Kal oi &\Xoi ayatrrdyrie wvp eKaiov Kal exployro* 
TToXv yap iyravOa evpiaKero )(p/7/ua, f ixP^^^^ ^^ 
kXaioVf trvtuov koX <rfi<rdfiiyoy Kal dfivyddXcvov Ik 
r&P niKpwy Kal rtptfiiyOiyoy* ek hi r&y airrwy tov' 
nay Kal fivpoy ehpiorKero, 

4. Parse wapa/^^veirf, dva^dc* Explain the case of 

St^, iKtiyov, 

6. Explain 02 Ik li^atray kiroltiKTuv €0* ^ /x^ Kaluy rdc 
KuffjLac^trpotrfiaXXovtriy 6p6lote roig X^f^otC— Wo- 
dtie/iiyoi iKOifi&yro'^iiyefjLOffvya, 



The Board of Examiners. 

0Mi4id>f miurt do satisfiMtory work on BACK part of 
tho papor. 

I.|Translate, parsing words in italics — 

Caesar, cum yideret milites acrius proeliari 
non posse, nee tamen multum prqfid propter 
locorum difficaltatem, cumque animum adverteret 
excelsissimum locum castrorum relictum esse ab 
Alexandrinis, quod et per se munitus esset, et 
etudio partim pugnanai partim spectandi decu- 
currissent in eum locum, in quo pugnabatur, 
cohorles illo circumire castra et summum locum 
adpedi iussit, iisque CarAiIenum praefecit et 
animi magnitudine et rei militaris scientia virum 
praestantem. Quo ut ventum est, panels defen- 
dentibus manitionem, nostris contra militibus 
acerrime pugnantibus, diverse clamore et proelio 
perterriti Alexandrini trepidantes in omnes par- 
tes castrarum discurrere coeperunt. 

2. Translate into Latin prose — 

We know that we are in the midst of dangers. 
It is our duty, therefore, to take care that we 
do not adopt a policy (consilium) which would 
be hurtful to the safety of the state. Many of 
us know, or think we Know, how the state is to 
be governed: if indeed we have experience we 
ou^t to use that experience to the best advantage 
of our country. For we ought to be so truly at- 
tached to (sajr ''lovers of"; our country as not 
to refuse to give her everything. 

,y Google 


3. Decline in fiill— Aspectus, peoten, turris, supellez, 

iecur, torvus, respublica. Show, mth examples^ 
the difiFerent methods of forming the comparative 
and superlative of Latin adjectives. 

4. After what verbs, and with what mood following, 

are quin and qtu>minu8 used ? Distinguish fiil^ 
between the gerund and the geru7idive : by what 
case should the agent be expressed after them ? 

6, Give the meaning and chief parts of — Scribo, 
tendo, emo, uro, strepo, merge, tonare, paciscor. 

Conjugate in iuU the Perfect Subjunctive 
Active of velle, fio, coquo: and write down the 
Imperfect Indicative Active of aio and inquam. 


1. Translate, commenting on the allusions*- 

''Quisquis es, armatus qui nostra ad flumina 

Fare age, quid venias, iam istinc, et conprime 

gressum. ^ 

Umbrarum hie locus est, somni noctisque 

soporae ; 
Corpora viva nefas Stygia vectare carina. 
Nee vero Alciden me sum laetatus euntem 
Adcepisse lacu, nee Thesea Pirithoumque, 
Dis quamquam geniti, atque invicti viribus 

Tartareum ille manu custodem in vincla petivit, 
Ipsius a solio regis traxitque trementem ; 
Hi dominam Ditis thalamo deducere adorti.'' 



2. Translate^ explaining the eanatmeHan of words in 
italics — 

Sed staporem hominis vel dicam pecudis atten- 
dite; sio enim dixit : '^ BratnSi quem ego honoris 
causa nominOy cruentam pugionem tenens deera^ 
fum exclamavit: ex quo intellegi debet eum 
oonaoiom fuisse/' Ergo ego scelmitus appellor 
a tO} quem tu suspioatum aliquid sospicaris : ille, 
qui stillantem prae se pugionem tulit^ is a te 
honoris causa nominatur? Esto: sit in verbis 
tais hie stupor : quanto in rebus sententiisquQ 
maiorl Constitue hoc, consul^ aliquando, 
Brutorum^ G. Cassii, On. Domitii^ C. Trebonii, 
reliquorum quam velis esse causam; edormi 
crapulam, inquam, et exhala. An &ce8 admoven- 
dae sunt, quae exeitent tantae causae indormien- 
tern? Numquamne intelleges statuendum tibi 
esse, utrum illi, qui istam rem gesserunt, homi- 
cidae sint an vindices libertatis 7 

S^JTransIate and explain — 

Idem ter socios pura circumtulit unda 
Spargens rore leiri et ramo felicis olivae 
Lustravitque viros, dixitque novissima verba. 

, Translate and account for the construction^of — 
(a) Cessas in vota precesque 

Aenea ? 
{h) Altera candenti perfseta nitens elephanto. 
{c) Ne quaere doceri, 

Quam poenam : aut quae forma viros fortunave 
(d) Necesse est^ quamvis siSy ut es, violentus, cum 
tibi ohiecta sit species singularis viri, perterritum 
te de somno exdtari. 

MAT UATRlOUtAtlON^^PAdS BltAM., 1892. 11 

The Board of Examiners. 

Bv«r7 result must be reduced to Its simplest form. 
The whole of the workinir of a anestlon must he sent 
In as part of the answer. 

1. Multiply 

a* + pa^ -{• qx -{- V 

3. Divide 

a?*— («+ J + (? + d)ofi + {ah •\- ac + ad 
+ fc + 6rf + edyx^ 

— {bed + acd + abd + abc)x + abed 
by aj* — (flt ^ J)aj 4- aJ. 

8. Prove that 

= 26V + 2uV+ 2a2J2 _ ^4_ j4_^. 

4. Simplify 

(W a ^ b -^ e h ^-^ c ~^ a 

(awft)(a-<j) ^ (J-^)(J-a) 
c — a — J 


, Google 


5. Solye the equations 

(i) {x + a)« + (a? + hy + (a? + ef 
= 3(a? + a) (a + J) {x + c). 

(ii) y + 2 — a? = a ^ 

« + a? — y = J> 
a? + y ^ z zz e^ 

(iii) (5 — c)a5* + (c — a)x + a — J = <?. 

6. Two men set out at the same time to walk^ one 

from A to B, and the other from jS to ^^ a 
distance of e miles. The former walks at the 
rate of p miles and the latter at the rate of q 
miles an hoar; when will they meet ? 

7. It a, bhe the roots of the equation 

prove that 

a + b zzp, ab = g. 

The Board of JExaminers. 

Tli« ■7Xiit>ol ~ miut not be nied ; and tlie only abbre- 
Tlation admitted for "the ■qnaro doicrlbed on tlie 
■traiirlit lino AB" 1« "iq. on AB," and for "the 
rectangle contained by tlie Btraight linee AB,OD" is 
"rect. AB,OD." 

1. Two triangles have two sides of the^ one equal to 
two sides of the other, hut the third sides are 
unequal ; prove that the angles opposite the 
unequal sides are unequal. 

,y Google 


2. Prove that if through any point in the diagonal of 
a parallelogram there are drawn parallels to the 
sides, they cut off a pair of equal parallelograms* 

8. If the square on one side of a triangle be eoual to 
the sum of the squares on the other siaes the 
angle contained by the latter is a right angle. 

4. If a straight line is divided into two parts the 

square on one part together with the rectangle 
contained by the two parts is equal to the rect- 
angle contained by the whole line and the first- 
mentioned part. 

5. If a straight line is divided into two parts the 

square on the sum of the whole line and one of 
the parts is equal to four times the rectangle con- 
tained by the whole line and that part together 
with the square on the other part. 

6. Divide a given straight line into two parts so that 

the rectangle contained by the whole line and 
one part may be equal to the square on the other 

7. Given a circle, find its centie. 

8. If two circles touch one another internally or ex- 

ternally at a point, then that point and the two 
centres lie in one straight line. 

9. The sum of the opposite angles of a Quadrilateral 

inscribed in a circle is two right angles. 

Digitized by CjO'OQIC 


2%s Board of Examiners. 

1, Write an Essay on Eight Hours Day. 

{The Essay mvst he attempted.) 

2, Analyse the following passages :->- 

(a) When God at first made MaUi 

Having a glass of blessing standing by. 
Let us (said He) pour on nim all we can : 
Let the world's riches, which dispersed lie. 
Contract into a span. 

{b) Assuredly in his case the desire for burial in 
the Eodefechan churchyard arose from no vain 
and idle superstition; no unworthy solicitude for 
the garment of clay. 

8. Parse the words in italic in the following : — 
It is not growing like a tree 
In bulk aoth make man better be. 
Full many a gem of purest ray serene 
The dark unfathom'd caves of ocean bear. 

4. Begin at each of the following openings, and 

write four lines : — 

At sunrise • . » . 
Not deigning .... 
And no voice but .... 

5. What is the meaning of each of the following 

words, and what its origin and history ? — antarc- 
tic, burgher, colonnades, cuirass, democracy, 
fetichistic, holster, offing, placidity, postern, 
proem, sheriff. 

,y Google 


6« Where are the foUowin|^ places^ and what is said 
of each? — Aurigny, Baden, Darwin, Mendip, 
Navarre, Palos, Thule, SoUdor. 

7. Explain — Santa Croce: from the Levant to the 

Pillars of Hercules: Bursa's thousand masts.; 
the world's West-End. 

8. Which of the poets, Macaulay, Lowell, Browning, 

do you like best ? Give reasons for your choice. 

9. From the Epilogue to Romola, what do yon 

gather to be the lesson of that book ? 

10. Correct the following passages : — 

(a) I found the beadle a very intelligent man, 
and who carried on the duties of letter-carrier 
as well as parish clerk. 

(b) The sister whom he afterwards said had 
married I did not see. 

11. What is meant by describing English as an unin- 

flect«d language? ^ 

The Board of Examinere, 

Oandidates are to select any two, bnt not more, of the 
fonr foUowlaff periods. 


I. Explain briefly why each of the following histori- 
cal personages is famous: — Alfred the Great; 
Robert Bruce; Warwick the King Maker; John 

,y Google 


2. Explain briefly why each of the following events is 
important, and give its date: — ^The battle of 
Hastings; the insurrection of Wat Tyler; the 
Spanish Armada; the trial of the Seven Bishops. 

8. Explain briefly why each of the following places is 
important, and give its locality: — Modden; 
Normandy; Runnymede; Zutphen. 

4. Give a short sketch of the reign of Henry the Fifth* 

6. Mention six important events which happened 
during the reign of James the First. 

6. Give some account of the legislation of the Cabal 


1. State the order in which the various nations of Italy 

were subdued by Rome, and shew by a sketch 
their relative positions. 

2. Several famous Romans bore the name of Manlius. 

Give a short account of as many of them as you 

8. What is the meaning of A.U.C. ? What do you 
know of the history of Spain during the century 
succeeding A.U.C. 525 ? 

4. Sketch the career of Hannibal. 

5. What were the evils which Tiberius Gracchus pro- 

posed to redress ? By what means did he 
propose to redress them ? 

6. Write an account of the causes of the Social War. 


1. Sxplm how the republican form of goverameut 

became the usual form of government in Greece. 

2. Detjcribe shortly the principal Greek settlements in 

Italy and Sicily at the time of the Peloponnesian 

8. Give some account of the career of Demosthenes 
the general. 

4. Sketch the history of the Peloponnesian War from 
the blockade of Mytilene to the battle of 

5« State the principal political events in the life of 
Demosthenes the orator. 

6. Give the principal events in the career of Alex- 
ander the Great. 


1. Mention any permanent effects of the rale of 

S. Oive some account of the matters in dispute 
b^ween the Papacy and the Franconiftn Em- 

8. Give some account of the relations between the 
House of Austria and the Empire. 

i» Give, with dates, the chief incidents and the results 
of the Thirty Years' War. 


,y Google 


6. Oive a sketch of the career of Frederick the Oreat. 

6. What powers did Bonaparte possess as First Con- 
sul ? Mention any internal reforms effected 
during his Consulate. 

The Board of Examiners, 

1. Translate — 

(a) Ce beau s^jour 6tait la retraite favorite du roi, 
sans doute parce que en harmonic avec sa per- 
sonnel il unissait comme elle la grandeur It la 
tristesse. Souvent il y passait des mois entiers 
sans voir qui que ce fiit, lisant et relisant sans 
cesse des papiers myst^rieux, 6crivant des choses 
inconnues, qu'il enrermait dans un cofire de fer 
dont lui seul avait le secret. II se plaisait quel- 
quefois ^ n'^tre servi que par un seul domestique^ 
^ s'oublier ainsi iui-meme par I'absence de sa 
suite, et k vivre pendant plusieurs jours comme 
un homme pauvre ou comme un citoyen exile. 
Jamais la vie et le monde lui avaient paru plus 
beaux que dans la solitude. Entre ses yeux et 
les pages qu'il 8'effor9ait de lire, passaient de 
brillants cort^ges^ des armies victorieuses, des 
peuples transport's d'amour; il se voyait puis- 
sant combattant, triomphateur, ador^; et si un 
rayon du spleil, 6chapp^ des vitraux, venait k 
tomber sur lui, il se sentait emport6 par une soif 
du jour ou du grand air qui Varrachait de ces 
lieux sombres et ^touff^s. 

,y Google 



(b) CoDnaissez-Yous cette coDtr^e que Pon a sur- 
nomm^ le jardin de la France, ce pays oh. Pon 
respire un air si pur dans les plaines verdojantes 
arros^es par un grand fleuYe ? Dos Yallons 
peupl^s de jolies maisons blanches qu'entourent 
des DosquetS; des coteaux jaunis par les Yignes ou 
blancbis par les fleurs du cerisier, de Yieux murs 
couYerts de ch^Yrefeuilles naissants^ des jardins 
de roses d'oti sort tout h coup une tour 61anc6e; 
tout rappelle la f^condit^ de la terre ou Pan- 
ciennet^ de ses monuments, et tout int^resse 
dans les oeuYres de ses habitants industrieux. 
Rien ne leur a 6x6 inutile : il semble que dans 
leur amour d'une aussi belle patrie, seule proYince 
de la France que n'occupa jamais P^tranger, ils 
n'aientpas youIu perdre le moindre espace de son 
terrain, le plus leger grain de son sable. 

(c) Entre les pattes d'un lion 

Un rat sortit de terre assez k P6tourdie : 
Le roi des animaux, en cette occasion, 
Montra ce qu'il 6tait, et lui donna la vie. 
Ce bienfait ne iiit pas perdu. 
Quelqu'un aurait-il jamais cru 
Qu'un lion d'un rat e^t affaire? 
Cependant, il avint qu'au sortir des forfits, 
Le lion fut pris dans les rets^ 
Dont ses rugissements ne le purent d^faire. 

— La Fontaine. 

2. Translate into French — 

The celebrated French painter David, in one 
of his pictures, has represented General Bona* 
parte crossing the snowy summits of the Alps 
mounted upon a fiery steed and arrayed in all 
the splendour of his martial uniform. The truth 


,y Google ■ ^ 


in, that the general made the ascent of Monnt 
Saint Bernara seated upon the back of a mule^ 
dressed in the grey top-ooat which he always 
wore, conyersing from time to time with the 
o£Bcer8 he met on the road^ and questioning the 
guide who aocompanied him upon his manner of 
ufe, his pleasures^ and hie troubles, like an idle 
traveller who has nothing better to do. The 
guide, who was quite a young man, explained to 
me general, with the artless manner of a simple 
mountaineer, the difficulties of his humble exis- 
tence, and especially the sorrow he felt at not 
being able to marry one of the young girls of the 
yalley for want of means. On his return to 
Saint Pierre in the evening, the young man 
learnt to his great surprise what a distinguished 
traveller he had conducted during the day and 
that General Bonaparte had presented him with 
a house, a field, in fact with tne means of marry- 
ing and of realising all the dreams of his modest 

8. Translate the fdlowing sentences :— 
Yoil^ six heures qui sonnent. 
Plus la nuit est obscure, plus I'^toile y brille. 
G'est un braye homme s'il en fat jamais. 
II faut qn'une porte soit ouverte ou ferm^e. 
Yoyez-vous ce qui se passe autour de vous ? 
Nous ferions bien de prendre une veiture. 
Qui veut la fin, veut les moyens. 
n s'en prendre k moi. 
Nous n'en pouvons plus. 
Vous m'en direz tant. 


4. Translate into French — 

He is speaking to me^ not to you. 

They will continue their journey in spite of 
the rain. 

The more one learns, the more one wiabea to 

I was not aware that he lived in the same 

She is glad to hear that yon have received 
good news. 

5. ((t) Give the feminine nouns corresponding to 

m, fnaitre, ingratSy hwp^ monrieur, 

(b) State the feminine singular of dangereuXy 
celuXjfier^ touSf naif. 

{c\ Conjugate interrogatively and with a negative 
the future indicative of mr, alleTj craire^ Stre, 

(d) Form adverbs from the following adjectives — 
heureiuv, aeuly daux, premier^ savant. 

6* (a) Explain the double t in jeite and the double 
n in retiennent 

(b) Avancer. When does this verb take a cedilla 
under the c in its conjugation, and why f 

{c) When do you translate before by avant^ devant, 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners, 

1. Translate into English — 

Auf einer schonen Anhohe^ lag einj anger Gesell 
von stattlichem Ansehen, Friedricn geheiszen. 
Die Sonne war schon herabgesimken und rosi^e 
Flammen leuchteten auf aus dem tiefen Himmeb- 
grunde. Ganz deutlich konnte man in der Ferhe 
die bertihmte Reichsstadt Niimberg sehen, die 
sich im Thfde ausbreitete und ihre stolzen Thiirme 
kiilin in das Abendroth hinaufstreckte^ das sein 
Gold ausstromte auf ihre Spitzen. Der junge 
Gesell hatte den Arm gestiitzt auf das Reise- 
biindel, das neben ihm lag und schaute mit 
sehnsuchtsvoUen Blicken herab in das Thai. 

2. Translate into English — 

An dem namlichen Tage^ Mittags um zwolf 
Uhr, stand beim alten Tischlermeister Handorf 
der Tisch in der groszen Stube gedeckt. Es 
war ein Sonntag ; die Frau und Tochter kamen 
eben aus der Eirche zurlick, legten ihre Biicher 
und Tticher ab und setzten sich still und schwei- 
gend an's Fenster. Sie sahen Beide bleich aus 
und hatten rotbgeweinte Augen. 

Ein kleines Madchen von vierzehn Jahren 
stand am Tisch und sah scheu nach den El tern 
hiniiber; ein dicker Junge von etwa sechs 
Jahren^ spielte in der Ecke mit ein paar schon 
zerbrochenen holzernen Soldaten, und der war 
es auch^ der das Schweigen zuerst brach : '' Essen 
wir noch nicht bald, Groszmutter?" 

,y Google 


'' Jdi recht bald. Max; warte nur noch ein 
klein wenig; bist Du so hungrig^, so will ich 
Dir indesz ein Sttick Brod geben. 

"Ne, ich will kein Brod," brummte Max, 
'^heute ist Sonntag, beute essen wir Fleisch." 

''Um wie viel Uhr kommt der Zug?'* firagte 
der Yater pl5tzlich mit heiserer Stimme und 
blieb vor der Uhr stehen, zu der er ^ufsah. 

3. Translate into German — 

The quantity of beer consumed^ in those days 
was indeed enormous. For beer then was to 
the middle and lower classes not only all that 
beer now is, but all that wine, tea, and ardent 
spirits now are. It was only at great houses, or 
on great occasions, that foreign drink was placed 
on the board. The ladies of the house, whose 
business it had commonly been to cook the 
repast, retired as soon as the dishes had been 
devoured, and left the gentlemen to their ale and 
tobacco. The coarse jollity of the afternoon was 
often prolonged till the revellers were laid under 
the taole. — Macaulay. 

4. Translate into German — 

In a little village at the foot of the Eaatskill 
Mountains, there lived many years ago a simple 
good-natured fellow, of the name of Rip v an 
Winkle. He was a kind neighbour and an 
obedient husband, who stood greatly in awe of 
his ill-tempered wife. With all the good wives 
of the village and with the children he was a 
great favourite. He had, however, one serious 
fault, namely, dislike to all labour. He was 

,y Google- 

24 fiXAMlKATlOir fAPSM^ 

slwajf readf to help bis ntfigfabomii; bat he 
nerer would do a vtroke of work for himuif, and 
his wife kept oontinttallj talking about his idle- 
ness^ his carelesaness, and the ruin he was 
bringing on his faxniiy. His ehildsM^ were as 
wild as if thejr had belonged to nobody. — 
Washington Irving. 

5. Decline throughout — 

Jeder gute Enabe : liebes Kind : ich : sie. 

d. Gire the nominative plural of these nouns: — 
Blatt, Hand, Hund, Thai, Weib. 

7. Give the German for the following proper names : — 

Australia, Austria, Belgium, France, Greece, 
Milan, Naples, Rome, Spain, Switaeriand. 

8. Give the comparative Mid superlative degrees of-^ 

brav, gross, hoch, Yiel, wenig. 

9. Give the first person singular imperfect indicative 

and the past participle of^ 

Bergen, bleiben, essen, eelingen, helfen, leihen, 
reiten, schlagen, sehen, thun. 

10* Form sentences, diowing what cases are governed 
bj aus^ f^, gegm, mit, w^en» 

11. Give the German for thede sentences:-^ 
A road ten miles long. 
He looks as if be did not like it. 
It is going to rain* 

MAY MATIIierLATlON*^i»AM fil^AM., 1892. SS 

Tell me why y&d are so late. 

Is the lady a^ hotue ? . 

Do not forget me. 

What do you think about it ? 

It appears to us that the work has been badly 

There is a horse in the field. What kind of a 

Among those who went away was my old friend. 

The Board of JBxaminers. 

MvTj result miist be rednoed to Its simplest form. Tlie 
whole of tbe worUnir of a question must be sent in 
M ptutt of the answer. 

1« Write down in words the quotient and remainder 
obtained by dividing three billion three hundred 
and Qizty-two thousand five hundred uid forty- 
nine milUoD seven hundred and fifty-four thou- 
dand eight hundred and thirty-five oy eighteen 
notillion six hundred and forty-three thousand 
seven kuadrad and fifty*eight. 

2. Roduee to a decimal fraction correct t^ three 
places — 

8 A • 5^^ 




3. Badaoe to a Tolgar firactioii in its simplest form — 

•869587t X -999. 

4. Find the compound interest upon 870 dollars in 

fonr years at six per cent. 

5. Find the square root of 


6. If it coat 77 per cent of the gross returns firom a 

silver mine to work the mine when the price of 
silver is ds. 6d. per oz., by how much per cent. 
will the dividends decrease by reason of a ficdl 
in the value of silver to Ss. 8d. per oz. ? 

7. The area of a circle is found by multiplying' the 

square of half its diameter by 8* 14159. 

fiy how much is the area of a circular race- 
course increased by increasing its diameter &om 
1,868 to 2,000 yards ? 

. One wheel of a locomotive engine five yards in 
circumference revolves 3,520 times in a certain 
journey. Another wheel of the same engine 
revolves 4,400 times in the same journey. Find 
the circumference of the second wheel. 

9. There are 277*274 cubic inches in a gallon of 
water. Find correct to three places of decimals 
the number of gallons of water which will cover 
the floor of a room 21 feet 6 inches long by 
16 feet 8 inches wide to a depth of 7 inches. 

10. Show how to add, giving vour reasons for each 
step of the process, 1-5689 and 12*6842. 

,y Google 


Ths Bomrd of BoMmwMr$* 

Tlie Map muat lie attempted. 

1. Draw a map of Australia (excluding Tasmania)^ 

showing the division into colonies^ and the prin- 
cipal mountains^ rivers^ lakes^ capes, bays^ and 
gulfs. Mark on the map every tenth degree of 
latitude and the following towns : — iibany, 
Ballaraty Broken Hill, Deniliquin, Eimberley, 
Newcastle, Port Darwin^ Rockhampton, Sand- 
hurst, Warrnambool. 

2. Describe or sketch the position of the different 

states of the Balkan Peninsula. Explain the 
nature of the government of each. 

8. Write a short account of the colonies and foreign 
possessions of Holland. 

4. Describe the physical and political geography of 


5. What commercial advantages of position are pos- 

sessed by Bombay, Caoiz^ Chicago, Constan- 
tinople^ London, Melbourne^ Odessa^ Rio Janeiro^ 
San Francisco, Sydney ? 

6. Define and explain the geographical terms — AtoU, 

equator, fog, geyser, month, Tropic of Capricorn, 

,y Google 


7. Define lonffitade. Describe a method of ascertain- 

ing the cufferenea of time between two places, 
say Adelaide and Melbourne. 

8. Explain the causes and fariations of the tides. 

0. Account fi>r tiie gtogr a phioal limits of the trade 
winds and monsoons. 

10« Write a note on the geographical importance of 


The Board of Exoukwmtm. 

1. Explain the bleaching action of chlorine. 

S. Describe the two oxides of sulphur, giving in each 
case the chief properties, the modes of prepara- 
tion, the formula, and tiie percentage composi- 

3. Silicon is, next to oxygen, the most plentiful of all 

known elements; yet it is rarely seen. Give 
facts to justify the former of these statements, 
and explain and account for the latter. 

4. In what important respects do sodium and potas« 

sinm differ fit>m the majoriQr of well-mown 
metals? How may thqr be d^agitished from 
one another? 

,y Google 

MAT MATBl09L4TJ0ir — PA86 EJCAM., 1802. 29 

&^ Describe^ suul also giv« im equmtioa for, the aotiQix 
of nitrio aeid on each of the £)Uowmg:«--> 

(1) Potash solution; (2) ammonia solution; 
(3) carbonate of lime; (4) phosphorus; (5) copper. 

6. In the first of the reactions referred to in the last 
question^ calculate from your equation the weight 
of pui« potash acted on bj nine grammes of pure 
nitric acid. How can it be practically ascer- 
tained, without weighing or measuring, when 
the two substances have been mixed in exactly 
these proportions ? 

The Board of Haoaminers. 

^pMvtioiui miuit iM attempted Crom tMyth 41viBloii0 of tli* 
paper, lint not more tluui FOUB Crom. each dlTiAion. 


1. How is the unit of length defined in different 
countries ? State the advantages and defects 43f 
any one form of this unit with which you are 

2. State Newton's second Law of Motion, and show 
how we may obtain from it — 

(a) A measurement of force. 

{b) A comparison of the equality or inequality of 
two masses of matter. 




3. Define Centre of Gravity, and show how to prove 

that the centre of gravity of a uniform circular 
plate coincides with its centre of figare. 

4. Define Pressure, and explain clearly what is meant 

hy '^the pressure at a point." 

Calculate the pressure at a point 10 feet below 
the surface of tne water in a pond (open to the 
atmosphere), the weight of a cubic foot of water 
being 1,000 ounces. 

5. Sketch, and explain the action of, the Bramah 

Press. State any industrial purposes to which 
it is commonly applied. 


1. Describe some good method of determining the 

co-efficient of Linear Expansion of a solid rod. 

2. "The Latent Heat of steam is 637." What does 

this statement mean ? How much steam would 
have to be passed into a kilogram of ice-cold 
water in order to raise it to the boiling point ? 

3. Distinguish between Evaporation and Ebullition. 

4. Define Radiation, Absorptive Power, Emissive 

Power. How would you compare the Absorp- 
tive Powers of different substances for Radiant 
Heat ? 

6. What is meant by the statement that " Heat and 
Work are mutually convertible "? How can it 
be proved ? 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. What is bile ? What is its origin and uses ? 

2. What foods are best adapted for producing &t^ 

and why ? 

3. Why is it that, men die in old age ? 

4. What do you understand by animal heat ? How 

is it maintained ? 

5. What are the functions of blood corpuscles ? 

6. What would be the effect of destroying (a) the 

tympanum, {b) the cochlea ? 

7. What is the condition of an animal deprived of 

the cerebral hemisphere ? 

8. Why do we breathe rapidly after exercise ? 

9. Why is it that if we drive a nail into the ceiling 

our arms tire very rapidly ? 

10. Is life possible without kidneys ? 

The Board of Examiners. 

All aiunrers must, where possiUe, lie illustrated 'bj 
rooffh sketches. 

1. Describe carefully the flower of a Phanerogam. 

yGOOgl'C" """ 


2. Describe the stracture and life history of a Mould, 

pointing out bow it0 nutrition differs from thut 
of chlorophyl-bearing plants. 

3. What are the characteristic features of the follow- 

ing natural orders: — Manunculacea, MyrtacenBf 
Compadta, Canifenp, and name examples . of 
each common in Australia. 

4. Describe carefully the forms of tissue seen in a 

longitudinal section of the rhizome ci a Fern. 

6. What are the following, describing each briefly :— 
{^yllode, anther, prothallus, sidpule, raceme, 
cotyledon, pericarp. 

6. Describe the structures seen in the transverse 

section of a Leaf. 

7. What are the nutritive organs of a plant, and in 

what way do they iunction as such r 

8. Describe the following forms of fraits, naming 

plants on which they are respectively formed :'— 
berry, drupe, achene, legume, nut. What is 
the difference between a simple and a collective 

9. Describe the chief forms of roots, naming plants 

in which the various forms occur. 

10. What is the meaning of the terms Acotyledon, 
Monocotyledon, and Dicotyledon ? Name ty^Hcal 
examples of each, and describe the germination 
of the seed in a Dicotyledon. 

,y Google 


Professor MarshaU-Halh 

1. Write a bar of pompound triple and duple time.. 

2. Write augmented thirds and diminished sevenths 

above — 

§ .- i i /> I I 

3. Give the ^^ melodic " and ^^ harmonic " minor scales 


4. Resolve the following chords: — 

(a) (>) (c) 


II ito II b^>3 

I I ° IM H 


5. Write three parts below the following melody : — 









Digitized by Google 








f"r') i Jj i JJrif^ Ai 

6. Add three 
following ! 

in close position above the 

m*it in 






a'»/« M r 





6 6 7 

7. Add three parts below the following melody: — 











Digitized by Google 



The Board of Examiners. 

Candidates matrfe do satls&otory work on EACH part of 
the paper. 

Translate into Greek prose — 

The peasant was going on with his complaints^ 
when his wife stopped him, hy reminding him 
that he might be overheard. He was so, By the 
king himself, who standing, hidden behind a 
door which opened on to the market, was 
amusing himself, as he was wont, with observing 
the common people chaffering in the square. 
He immediately ordered the querulous couple 
into his presence, and gravely enquired what 
they had been saying. As they answered him 
truly, he told them they should reflect that, if 
he had great treasures at his command, he had 
still greater calls for them; that, far irom lead- 
ing an easy life, he was oppressed with the 
whole burden of government; and concluded by 
admonishing them to be more cautious in Aiture, 
as walls had ears. 


,y Google- 

36 ¥:XAl(XNATI01f ?A££S9, 

2. Translate into English — 

(a) Ohde davfid^ia tovt* cytti* rohvavriov yap av Jjy 
OavfiaoToyf ei firi^ey iroiovyrec ^fieig Sty role froXe" 
fiovtri irpoarfiKei rov vavra iroiovyTog & ^cl irepi^fiey. 
&XX' Ikuvo Oav^iai(af d AaKedaifLovloig fiiy irore & 
&yZptQ ^AOriydioi wrep riay 'EXXiyviicwv ZiKaitay avrii^ 
party KoX TToXXa iZiq, irXeoyeicriitrai voWaKie vfuy 
e^oy ohx ijOeXiiaare, dW tv' oi &XX01 rvy^iaffi rCjy 
hiKalijyy ra vfjlrep^ avrCjy ayriXlarKere elatj^ipovreg 
Kal vpoeKiyhvyevere orrparevofieyoi, rvyl 5* OKvelre 
i^iiyai Koi fiiXXere eltnl^ipeiy vvip rSty vfieripwy 
avrdy Knifiartayy Kal rovg fiiy &XXovc aetrbtKare 
iroXXaKiQ wayras Kai KaS* tya avriay £Ka<rroy ky 
fxiptiy ra 2* vfikrep ahrdiy airoXiaXtK:6rtc ica6iyaftc. 

(V) l3Xi\l/oy irpoc if^o-Qy ofifia dog (l>iXrifxa r€y 
Iv dXXa rovro Kardayovff* exw aidey 
fiyrifieioyy ei fci) rote i/ioic rreiOei Xoyoig, 
adeXtfte, fiiKpog fiey trv y hrUovpog (piXoigy 
OfjLijg de (TvyZcLKpvtroyy iKirevaoy warpog 
r^y (njy a^eX(l>riv fir^ dayeiy* cutrQ-qixa ri 
Kay yrjmoig ye rS)v KaxCay eyylyyerai. 
idov (TKOTTUfy Xlaaerai a oS^y & irarep, 
aXX' aiZeaai fie Ka\ KaroUreipoy ^Loy. 
yaly TTpog yeyelov c' ayTOfietrda ^vo 0/\(i>* 
6 fiey yeotrtrog iariy, ff ^' tiv^Tjjjieyrj, 


1, Translate, writing concise notes in the margin 
where you think comment is called for by the 
construction or the allusion (as the case may be) — 

(a) crrdyreg 3* 60^ avrovg ol rerayf^iyoi (ipafi^g 
KXijpovg eirrjXay Kal Karitrrtf^ay diippovQy 
XaXK^g inral traXiriyyog y^ay' ol 8' fi/xa 
iTTTToig o/jLOKXiiffayreg ffyiag y(epo7.y 

,y Google 


Etnitrav* kv ^e irag ifjLE<nd)Bri dpojjiog 
KTV'Trov KporrfTwy hp/iarwv* kSviq 8' &vw 
<^ptiff' ojJLov Se w&VTSc &fifi€fiiy/xiyoi 
f^tihovTO KivTptav oifheVf wg VTrepfidXoi 
')(v6aQ Tig obTioy Koi ^pvayfiaS* IwTnicd. 
OfJLOv yap ofupl vSyra Kai rpoxCbv ^atrttg 
^pi^oyj tltrE^aWov imriKat irvoaL 
KEivog V VTT airily etrxarrjy or^Xiyv £\itiy 
€)(jOi/i7rr' ael trvpiyya, Ze^i6y r' aveig 
(reipaloy titKoy elpye rov TrpoaKeifxeyoy, 

(V) 2) ^doyla fipoToitri ^afxa^ Kara fioi fioatroy olicrpay 
oira TOLQ tyepff* ^ArpeiZaiQ^ a\6p€VTa ^ipovv oyti^rf 
OTi tr(l>lv Ijdri to. fxey U dojxiay yoaeiy 
TO, ^e irpoQ TiKViiny ^nrXfl (f>vXo7rig ovk cr' c^Mrovfae 
0i\orao'/^ ^laiTif,. wpo^orog ^e fi6va aakivti 
^ViXiKTpay Tov eov Tdr/ioy 
^eiXala trrevaxova* Siriag 
& iraydvpTog arj^iovy 
ovT€ Ti TOV hayiiv irpojxridiig t6 t€ fxr^ (iXiweiy 

diSiniay kXovc^ 'Epivvv. Hg hv evnaTpii JSc 

piXaOTOi ] 

(c) & (jtiXraTOV fiyrifie'iov ayOpufTTiity kfjLol 
4'^XVQ ^OpioTOv Xovrrbyy &g <r hn eXirl^wy 
oifx Stytrep e^eTre/JLiroy eiffe^e^a/jriy. 

vvy ixfv yap ohZty oyra fiatrral^ui \tpoiVf 
dofxioy M a% & iralf Xa/Ji7rp6y c££X£/i;//' lydt, 

(d) dXX* ifii y A (TT0v6taa &papey ippiyag, 
a^In/v, aliy^Irvy 6Xo<t>vp£rai, 

opyig &Tv(ofiivaf Acoc tiyycXo§. 

2. Trandlatd, with notes (as above)-^ 

(a) 'Ev Se Tovr^ ra'*ltrBfjLia eyiyyerOj Kal oi 'AOijvaloe, 
iwriyyiXdrnray y&p, IBewpovv kg ahrAj Kal icar6Siy\a 

,y Google 


fiSXKov airocc ra r&y X/iv c^an}. koi hreihrl ai/ex«^* 

ahrovt at vfjec Ik r&y K€Y)(peiCiy a^popiirfieifFai* 

(J) 01 5' hub rfiQ ficLfjiOV *ABrivaiot, ewl r^v Xioy 
wXioyrec ry irrpari^f xal ahrol ear tov cttI darepa 
X($0ov ZaipyoyroQ KaQwpfiiaayro' Koi kXtKifieirav 

[e) iiriirkei oly ^imrep €ixey Trpoc Ttiy ^vfiriy 6 'Aottt- 
©xoc, If ply cjCTv^roc yeyioBat, ei ir«c ircpiXa/3ot wow 
fiereitpovc rag yavg. Kal ahrf heroc re koi ra Ik 
rov ohpayov lvyyi<^\a oyra vX&yritriy r&y yeuiy iv 
rf trxirei Kal rapax^i^ irapitrxe. 

(d) Kal wpirroy fiey roy dfjfjioy ^vXKi^ayrec tlirov 
yyufifiy dixa &ydpac eXinBai £vyypa0^ac alroKpa" 
ropacy rovrovq Zk ivyypa\l/ayrac yywfiriy laeysyKely 
Ic roy hfifJLoy eg iifUpay ^ririfv, ica6' 6 re &purra ^ 
w6\iQ olxriireraC hreira iireid^ ^ hf^P^ €(ftfJKEy ^vyi^ 
K\y(Tay Hjy kKKktitriay eg roy KoXatyov — €(m he 
Upoy UoaeiZwyoQ efctf ^rdXeoic^ awixoy aradlovg 
ftaXitrra Zixa — Kal eaiiyeyKav oi {vyypa^^ &KKo 
fiky ohZiy^ alrro Ik rovroy i^eiyai fiey ^A^rivaitav 
kyuireiy yywfiriy f^y &y rig fiovXriraC rly hi rig roy 
elTrSyra fj ypayfnfrai irapaydfjLiay fj &XX^ rf rp&K^ 
pXa}\ni, fiEyaXag (rifAiag eTridetray, 

(jb) efiol fiiyroi doKei <Fa<^irraroy elvai rpiftijc evcica 
Kal ayaKioxVQ rdy 'EXXriyiKtay ro yajrriKoy owic aya- 
yeiyy (jSopag fiey ky otr^ irapyei eKeiae Kal diifuXXeyy 
&yitrwffeijc hi, oiriag firihiripovg wpotrBifieyog lo^vpo- 
ripovg iroi^oTy, kwelj eiye kpovX-fiBrff diaTroXefiifffai 
ay^ kwufiayeg ^^ttov oifK ky^oiaardg' KOfiltrag yap cLy 
AaKtZaifioyioig r^v v/nyv Korct ro tiKog lltaKeyy ol ye 
Kal ky rf wapdyri ayriw&Xatg fiaXXoy rj wroheMtrriptag 
rf yavriK^ ayOb}pfiovy, Karaf^iap^ Zk fiaXttrra Kal 
fjy elve irpd^atriy oh KOfiitrag rag yavg. 

,y Google 


3. Comment on the meaning or construction (as the 

case may be) of — exovreg ffyefiovac rufy iraw 
OTpaTtiySfy — irXtfyeig ifTr' av^poc rdbv vepiv6\iap 
Tivog — tl li Ti iv toIq avBpbt'Treloig rov fiiov 7rapa\6* 
yois e(r<t>aXri(rav — *AydpoK\ia Tiva, rov hiifwv fid' 
Xttrra Trpoearwra — oifK eIkoc elyai AaKE^aifwylovc 
aw* eicelywy, rjy fxii iron ahrovc fi^ e^iXwaif fif^ 

4. Give, with dates, a short account of the Govern- 

ment of the Four Hundred at Athens. 

5. Give, with approximate dates, some account of the 

life of Sophocles, and enumerate his extant 


The Board of Examiners, 

Cuidldates must do satitifiMtory work on EACH part 
of the paper. 

1. Translate into Latin prose — 

The Utopians call those nations that come and 
ask magistrates from them, neighbours: but 
those to whom they have been of more particular 
service, friends. And as all other nations are 
perpetually either making leagues or breaking 
them, they never enter into an alliance with any 
state. They think leases are useless things 

DyGoOgIt! "■■ 

40 fiXAMlNATibfr PAPBllS, 

and belibre that if the bozhmon ti§» df hnmanilT' 
do not knit tiibn together^ the tiuth of promises 
will have no great eSect: And thej Ate the more 
confitmed in thiii bj what they dee amon^ the 
nations round ftbont them^ who are nb strict 
observers of leagues and treaties. 

2. Translate— 

(a) Ab his, qui pecudum ritu ad volaptatem 
omnia referunt, longe dissentiunt, nee mirum; 
nihil enim altum, nmil magnificum ac divinum 
suspicere possunt, qui suas omnis cogitationes 
abiecerunt in rem tam humiiem tamque con- 
temptam. Quam ob rem hos quidem ab hoc 
sermone remoreamus, ipsi autem intellegamns 
natura gigni sensum diligendi et benevolentiae 
caritatem facta significatione probitatis, quam 
qui appetiverunty applicant sese et propius ad- 
movent, ut et usu eins, quem diligere coeperunt, 
fruantur et moribus, sintque pares in amore et 
aequales propensioresque ad bene merendum 
quam ad reposcendum, atque haec inter eos sit 
honesta concertatio. Sic et utilitates ex amicitia 
inaximae capientur, et erit eius ortus a natura 
quam ab imbecillitate gravior et verier. 

(b) Verba mihi desunt eadem tam saepe ros^anti, 

lamque pudet, vanas fine carere preces. 
Taedia consimili fieri de cartuine vobi^, 

Quidque petam, cunctos edidicissl3 r^dr. 
Nostraque quid portet, lam noitisi efjistula, 

Cbra sit a vincligi noii lab^facta feiiis; 
Ergo mutetiir scripti sententia hostri, 

Ne totiens bontra, quilm rapit amnis, 6am. 

,y Google 


8. What arfe the dhief temporal particles (conjunc- 
tions) in Latin? Distinguish the various con- 
structions which follow them. Translate into 
Latin *^ Are you waiting till he gives evidence " 
(testimonium dicere) ? 

4. What are the principal uses of the Ablative Case? 
How would you classify them ? 


1. Translate with, where necessary, brief marginal 
nbtes — 

(a) ibi in banc sententiam locutum accipio : " Etsi 
mihi nuUius noxae conscius, Quirites, sum, tamen 
cum pudore summo in contionem vestram pro- 
cessi. Hoc vos scire, hoc posteris memoriae 
traditum iri, Aequos et Volscos, vix Hernicis 
modo pares, T. Quinctio quartum consule ad 
moenia urbis Romae inpune armatos venisse! 
Hanc ego ignominiam — quamquam iam diu ita 
vivitur, is status rerum est, ut nihil boni divinet 
animus — si huic potissimum imminere anno scis- 
sem, vel exilio vel morte, si alia fuga houoris 
non esset, vitassem. Ergo si viri arma ilia 
habuissent, quae in portis fuere nostris, capi 
Roma me consule potuit ? Satis honorum, satis 
superque vitae erat; mori consulem tertium 
oportuit. Quem tandem ignavissimi hostium 
contempsere ?. Nos consules an vos, Quirites? 
Bi culpa in nobis est, auferte imperium indignis, 
et, 6i id paruth est, insuper pfoenas expetite : si 
in vobis, nemo deorum nee hominunl sit, qui 
tfestra puniat peccata Quirites, vosmet tantum 
feorum ptketiiteat;" 

,y Google 


(b) Ingratam Veneri pone superbiam, 
Ne currente retro funis eat rota. 
Non te Penelopen difficilem procis 

Tyrrhenus genuit parens. 
quamvis neque te munera nee preces 
Nee tinctus viola pallor amantium 
Neo vir Pieria pellice saucius 

Curvat, supplicibus tuis 
Parcas, nee rigiaa mollior aesculo 
Nee Mauris animum mitior anguibus. 
Non hoc semper erit liminis aut aquae 

Caelestis patiens latus. 

(c) At etiam adspicis me et quidem, ut videris, 
iratus. Ne tu iam mecum in gratiam redeas, si 
scias quam me pudeat nequitiae tuae^ cuius te 
ipsum non pudet. Ez omnium omnibus flagitiis 
nullum turpius vidi, nullum audivi. Qui magis« 
ter equitum fuisse tibi viderere, in proximum 
annum consulatum peteres vel potius rogares, 
per municipia coloniasque Galliae, e qua nos 
tum, cum consulatus petebatur, non rogabatur, 
petere consulatum solebamus, cum Oallicis et 
lacerna cucurristi. At videte levitatem hominis. 
Gum bora diei decima fere ad Saza rubra venis- 
set, delituit in quadam cauponula atque ibi se 
occultans perpotavit ad vesperam; inde cisio 
celeriter aa urbem advectus domum venit capite 
obvoluto. lanitor: "Quis tu?" "A Marco 
tabellarius." Confestim ad earn, cuius causa 
venerat, «ique epistolam tradidit. 

(d) Hinc via, Tartarei quae fert Acherontis ad undas. 
Turbidus hie caeno vastaque voragine gurges 
Aestuat, atque omnem Gocjto eructat arenam. 
Portitor has horrendus aquas et flumina servat 
Terribili squalore Charon : cui plurima mento 

,y Google 


Canities inculta iacet ; stant lumina flamma; 
Sordidus ex umeris node dependet amictus. 
Ipse ratem cento subigit, velisque ministrat, 
Et ferruginea subvectat corpora cumba, 

lam senior ; sed clnda deo viridisque senectus. 


2. Comment on the following : — 

(a) Praevaricator— nomen dare — ^illud Cassianum, 
cui BONO FUERiT — ius auxilii — diem dicere — 
Idas Maiae — antesignanus. 

(b) Quis tarn crudeles optavit sumere poenas ? 
{c) Fixit leges pretio atque refixit. 

(d) Tuque testudo resonare septem 

Callida nervis. 

(e) Unde quo veni '( 

if) Docte sermones utriusque linguae. 
{g) Ecce Dolabellae comitiorum dies: sortitio 
praerogativae : quiescit. 

3. Of what elements was the *'populus Romanus*' 

composed? Explain fully the dispute between 
the orders. 

The Board of JExaminers. 
1. Simplify 

(a-b) (a-c) (a-d) ^ (Jb-c) (b^d) (b^a) 
"*" {c-d){c^a){c-b) '^ (d^a)(d^b)Jd^) * 

,y Google 


2. If 

*» + j^ + 2» = (y + ^H:r + a?) (a? + y) 

« (y* + «' — a?') = 0(z^ + s^ — y^) 

prove thai 
a« + ^ + c» = (J + <?)(«? + a) (« + *). 

3. Shew how to solre simultaneous simple equations 

by the method of undetermined multipliers. 

Solve the equations 

a? + 5r + iT + w= 1 
«a? + Jy + tf2 + rfw = ^ 

4. Investigate a rule for finding the cube root of an 

algeoraical expression which is an exact cube. 

Shew that 
6» (a - J) (^ - b) {{a - by + ic- by) 
- aV'cia^ + tP) + ffi(a^b + c) 
is an exact cube. 

5. Describe the method of mathematical induction 

and apply it to shew that a:* + y* is divisible by 
0? + y if 9» be an odd positive integer. 

6. Shew that any given numerical fraction can be 

expressed by a series of radix fractions in any 
proposed scale. 

Prove that in any scale of notatibii the differ- 
ence of the square of any number and the square 
of the number formed by reversing the digits is 
divisible by r» — 1. 

,y Google 


7. Insert n harmonic means between two given 

quantities a, b. 

If P, Q, R be the f", q% and f^ terms of a 
harmonica! progression prove that 

P '^^W i2 " 

8. Find the number of permutations of n things r at 

a time. 

At a dinner table the host and hostess sit 
opposite each other. In how many ways can 2n 
guests be arranged so that two particular guests 
do not sit together ? 

9. Prove the binomial theorem tor a positive integral 

Shew that 

n 1 + X n (n —1) 1 + 2a? 
"" 1 +nx "^ 1-2 (1 + nxf 

n(n'-l)(n^2) 1 + Sx _ 

1-2-3 {l+nxy'^^^'-^' 

10. Solve the equations 

X (x --- a) zzyz 
(ii) y(yb) = zx 

z{z -- c) = ajy 

,y Google 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. If the perimeter (sum of the sides) of a quadri- 

lateral is given, show that its area is greatest 
when it is a square. 

2. If circles are described on two sides of a triangle 

as diameters they intersect on the line of me 
third side. 

8. Show how to find a point such that the tangents 
drawn* from it to two given circles may be equal, 
and prove that the locus of the point is a 
straight line. 

4. Describe a regular hexagon. Prove that the 

longest straight line which can be drawn inside 
a regular polygon is a diagonal. 

5. If the base of a triangle is divided at a point into 

two parts in the ratio of the adjacent sides, then 
the line joining the point to the vertex bisects the 
vertical angle. State the corresponding propo- 
sition for the case where the oase is diviaed 
externally, and interpret it when the triangle is 

Prove that the areas of similar rectilineal figures 
are to one another as the squares on their 
homologous sides. 

,y Google 


7. Find an expression for all the angles which have 

the same cosine as the angle A, and explain how 

there come to be four values of sin -^for one 
value of sin A, 

8. Establish geometrically an expression for tan 

(A + -S) in terms of tan A and tan B. 

9. Given two adjacent sides and the included angle 

of a parallelogram, find an expression for some 
trigonometrical ratio of the angle between the 
diagonals, and reduce it to as simple a form as 
you can. 

10. Prove that sin (x — a) sin {b — c) + sin (a? — b) sin 

((? — »)+ sin (x — c) sin {a — b) is independent 
of x, a, by and c, 

11. Establish an expression for the area of a triangle 

in terms of the lengths of its sides, and deduce 
an expression in terms of only the perimeter and 
the angles. 

12. If the earth is regarded as a perfect sphere of 

7,900 miles diameter, show that the distance of 
the horizon in miles from an eye whose height 
above the surface is very small compared to the 
earth's diameter may be found by multiplying 
the square root of that height in feet by 1'22. 


,y Google 


ITte Board of Ikvaminers. 

1. Write an essay on the following quotation from 

Bacon: — 

Reading maketh a full man; conference a 
ready man; and writing an exact man. 

2. Analyse the following passages: — 

(a) A beautiful story^ which has survived some 
centuries, is usually sure to have sufiered much 
the same &te as a vessel of pure gold, which has 
been again and again remelted and remoulded to 
suit the taste of the immediate generation. 

(6) This apparently studious pursuit and preference 
of the most terse and elliptic expression which 
could be found for anything he might have to 
say could not but occasionally make even so 
sovereign a master of two great languages appear 
dark with excess of light. 

3. Parse the words in italic in the following stanza: — 

Sest! 'twas the gift he ^av^; and peace! the shade 
He spread, ^r BipintsJ'evered with the sun. 

To him his bounties are corns back — here laid 
In rest, in peace, his labour nobly done. 

4. Write out the couplet that follows each of the 

following openings : — 
At sunrise .... 
Till the proud .... 
The Queen of Pleasure .... 
And from Mecheln .... 
With his nostrils .... 

,y Google 


5. Explain the following^ from Milton : — 

(a) They are as lively and vigorously productive 
as those fabulous dragons' teeth. 

(J) He who takes up arms for cote and conduct 
and his four nobles of Danegelt. 

(c) The temple of Janus with his two controversal 

6. Write a note on each of the following words used 

by Milton: — 

Anglicisms, combust, muing, praxis, syntagma. 

7. Explain the following from Dryden: — 

(a) I dare answer he would be more uneasy in 
their company, than he was with Grispinus, 
their forefather, in the Holy Way. 

(J) . Who would always be a Heracleitus ? 

(c) A gunsmith of the Minories. 

8. Mention any use by Shakspeare of the following 

words different from the ordinary use of the 
present day: — 

Battle, emulation, knave, kerchief, merely, 
nice, physical, security. 

What is the meaning of alchemy, cautelous,. 
hurtle ? 

9. Comment on the grammar of — 

(a) I do entreat you, not a man depart, 
Save I alone, till Antony have spoke. 

(b) Three parts of him is ours. 

(c) The posture of your blows are yet unknown^ 

,y Google 


10. Where and what is each of the following: — 

Alaska^ Alsatia, Appenzel^ Aurig^nj^ Belvoir, 
Boom, Darwin, Gettysburg, Guelders, Longleat^ 
Mendip, Tyre ? 

11. Explain the following passages: — 

(a) Ho! Philip, send, for charity, thy Mexican 

That Antwerp monks may send a mass for thy 
poor spearmen's souls. 

(b) And She of the seven hills shall mourn her 

children's ills. 

(c) Where the gigantic King of Day 
On his own Rhodes looks down. 

{d) Go to Paris: rank on rank 

Search the heroes flung pell-mell 
On the Louvre— face and flank. 

12. Explain the following: — 

(a) Were not gems medicinal, though they only 
pressed the finger ? Were not all things charged 
with occult virtues ? 

(b) The Pope Angelico is not yet. 

(c) Alas! man of genius, to whom we owe so 
much, could you see nothing more than the 
burning of a foul chimney in that clash of 
Michael and Satan which flamed up under your 
very eyes ? 

(d) A French traveller told me he had been a good 
deal in the British colonies, and had been 
astonished to see . . . 

,y Google 



The Board of Examiners. 

Answer ftilly and dearly TWBLVB, and only Twelve, 
of the following questions. 

1. Trace the descent of King* John from King 


2. Give some account of the relations of Charlemagne 

with England. 

3. What defect, if any, existed in the title to the 

Crown of Stephen, John, Henry the Fourth, and 
Henry the Seventh, respectively ? 

4. What English King* has heen called the Father 

of English Commerce, and for what reasons ? 

5. Illustrate the changes in the manners of polite 

society since the reign of Elizabeth. 

6. Trace the steps by which Oliver Cromwell rose to 


7. Give a brief account of the attempt of Monmouth 

to seize the Throne. 

8. Consider carefully the foreign policy of William 

the Third. 

9. Contrast George the Third with his grandfather 

as to the exercise of the personal influence of the 


,y Google 


10, Sketch the political career of Sir Robert PeeL 

11, Consider the effect upon the Roman Gonslitation 

of the Licinian legislation, B.C. 367. 

12, Shew how the Tribnnate became an important 

element in the Roman Constitution. 

18. Trace the effects of Hellenism on Roman sociely. 

14. Write a short account of the career of Pnblins 

Cornelius Scipio ^milianus Afiricanus Naman- 
tinuSy and shew how he acquired each of his 

15. Write a short account of any three of the 

legendary heroes of Grecian story. 

16. Write a note on the alleged division of landed 

property by Lycurgus. 

17. Explain the circumstances which led up to the 

Thirty Years' Truce. 

18. How do you account for the unpopularity of 

Socrates ? TJpon what charge was he tried ? 
Describe brieny the constitution of the tribunal. 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. Translate — 

{a) Cependant la maladie da roi jetait la nation 
dans un trouble que ressentent toujours les ^tats 
mal affermis aux approches de la mort des princes. 
Quoique Richelieu f(it le centre de la monarchie, 
il ne r6gnait pourtant qu'au nom de Louis XIII.^ 
et comme envelopp6 de I'eclat de oe nom qu'il 
avait a^andi. Tout absolu qu'il 6tait sur son 
maitre^ il le craignait n^anmoins : et cette crainte 
rassurait la nation contre ses d^sirs ambitieuz, 
dont le roi mSnle 6tait I'immuable barri^re. 
Mais, ce prince mort, que ferait I'imp^rieux 
ministre ? od s'arr^terait cet bomme qui avait 
tant os6 ? Accoutume ^ manier le sceptre^ qui 
I'emp^cberait de le porter toujours, et d'inscrire 
son nom seul au bas des lois que seul il avait 
dictees ? Ges terreurs agitaient tons les esprits. 
Le peuple cbercbait en vain sur toute la surface 
du royaume ces colosses de la noblesse aux pieds 
desquels il avait coutume de se mettre k rabri 
dans les orages politiques, il ne voyait plus que 
leurs tombeaux r6cents; les parlements 6taient 
muets, et Ton sentait que rien ne s'opposerait au 
monstrueux accroissement de ce pouvoir usurpa- 

(li) Qui de nous n'a trouv6 du charme k suivre des 
yeux les nuages du ciel ? Qui ne leur a envi6 
la liberty de leur voyages au milieu des airs, soit 
lorsque, roul^s en masse par les vents et coIor^s 

,y Google 


par le soleil, ils s'avancent paisiblement comme 
une flotte de sombres navires dont la proue serait 
dor^e; soit lorsque, parsem6s en 16gers groupes, 
ils glissent avec vitesse, sveltes et allonges comme 
des oiseaux de passage, transparents comme de 
vastes opales detach6es du tresor des cieux, ou 
bien ^blouissants de blancheur comme les neiges 
des monts que les vents emportent sur leurs 
ailes ? L'homme est un lent vojageur qui envie 
ces passagers rapides; ils ont vu pourtant, en un 
seul jour, tons les lieux qu'il aime par le souvenir 
ou I'esp^rance, ceux qui furent t^moins de son 
bonheur ou de ses peines, et ces pays si beaux 
que I'on ne connait pas, et oil 1 on croit tout 
rencontrer k la fois. 

{c) Le temps assez souvent a rendu legitime 

Ce qui semblait d'abord ne se pouvoir sans 

Rodrigue t'a gagn6e, et tu dois 6tre h lui. 
Mais, quoique sa valeur t'ai conquise aujourd'- 

II faudrait que je fusse ennerai de ta gloire 
Pour lui donner si tdt le prix de sa victoire. 
Cet hymen dif£6T6 ne rompt point une loi 
Qui, sans marquer de temps, lui destine ta foi. 
Prends un an, si tu veux, pour essuyer tes 

Rodrigue, cependant, il faut prendre les armes: 
Apr^s avoir vaincu les Maures sur nos bords, 
Renvers6 leurs desseins, repouss^ leurs efforts, 
Va jusqu'en leur pays leur reporter la guerre. 
Commander mon armee, et ravager leur terre. 

,y Google 


2. Translate into French — 

(a) I am passionately fond of Paris, not only for 
what it contains, but for what it is. I love its 
streets, its squares, its gardens, its flowers, its 
varied aspects by day and by night, its noises 
and its silence. Whoever has travelled can 
understand me when I say that Paris is a well- 
built town. Towns have their proportions like 
human beings; they may be ungraceful or 
charming. There are capitals which are only 
big villages; there are others which may be 
compared to labyrinths, or immense cemeteries, 
or vast factories; but none, like Paris, seems to 
have been created to be the stage of human 
thoughts and passions. 

(b) Large as Paris is, there is nothing overwhelm- 
ing in its extent; it is harmonious in all its parts, 
pleasant to walk about in, easy to know, without 
monotonous regularity, infinitely varied and rich 
in points of view, and admirably adapted to the 
ingenious and lively race who inhabit it. People 
often speak of the mountaineer's attachment to 
his country, the peasant's love for his cottage, 
but what is all this beside the invincible chain 
which connects Paris with the poorest of her 
children? I mean those who are born there, or 
who have come to live in it in thei^ early youth ; 
in a word those to whom each street, each corner, 
recalls something. Paris is like a large house, 
every room of which we have inhabited, and in 
which we encounter at every step a souvenir of 
our past life and a monument of the history of 
our country. 

,y Google 


8. Translate— 

(a) II avait une figure s^vdre tr^remarquable^ un 
teint fort cuiyr6« des cheveux gris argent^s et 
dont quelques mdches> encore noires comme ses 
sourcils ^pais, lui donnaient un air dur an 
premier aspect ; mais un regard pacifique adou- 
cissait cette premiere impression. 

( b) AUons, disait-il, d6p6chez-vous de servir pend- 
ant que Jean et Louis vont seller leurs chevauz. 
II faut que nous sojons loin d'ici k huit heures 
du soir. Et vous, messieurs^ avez-vous averti 
votre jeune princesse ? Je gage qu'elle est allee 
lire avec ses dances an bout du pare ou sur las 
bords de Teau. 

4. Translate into French — 

He comes to see us nearly every day. 

What will you tell them ? 

My friend whose daughter he has married. 

These are the songs which I have heard her 

The students whom I saw drawing in the 

I have reason to think that all will go well. 

5. (a) Give the feminine of pohnaisy empereur, 

europSen, archiduCy Granger, 
(J) Conjugate interrogatively the present indicative 
of vouhiry dircy alter y montreVy savoir, 

(c) Put in the first person plural the following 

sentence:— •/<? crus voir prds du rivage un 
grand arbre etje mHmagtnai queje pourrais 
aller rrCasseoir sotts son abri. 

(d) II leva Us yeux, Whv is the definite article 

used here instead of the possessive pronoun ? 

,y Google 


(a) Give the etymology of the following words: — 

Bataille, konneury lihertey peuple, pays. 

(b) Account by etymology for the gender of 

silence, eloge^ voix, temps, cause. 

(c) What is the reason for a few words being 

feminine in French whilst they are derived 
from Latin neuter nouns ? 

(d) Account for the circumflex in goilt, fenStres, 


The Board of Examiners. 

1. Translate into English — 

Der nachste Morgen brachte einen richtigen 
Apriltag. Der Wind war nach Nordwesten 
umgeschlagen, und so warm die Luft auch bisher 
gewesen, jetzt zog sie mit Eiseskalte Uber das 
Land, und es schien fast, als ob der schon besiegt 

fBglaubte Winter noch einmal dem anrUckenden 
rlihling die Stirn biete und all' seine Krafte 
gee^en ihn in's Feld fiihre. Im Osten ballten 
sich flnstere Wolkenmassen zusammen, und etwa 
um vier Uhr begann ein so wildes, noch mit 
kaltem Reif gemischtes Schneegest5ber, dasz mit 
Sonnenaufgang die Bewohner von Rhodenburg 

,y Google 


dorch eine yoUst&ndige Winterlandschaft liber- 
rascht wurden und schon weggepackte Pelz- 
waaren wieder vorgesucht werden muszteiiy 
urn dieser bosartigen Temperatur zu begegnen. 
Das Thermometer zeigte namlich zwei Grad 
unter Null, und nach den letzten warmen Tagen 
fthlte man die Ealte nur um so empfindlicher. 

Gegen Mittag fing es allerdings in den 
Straszen wieder an zu thauen, und der reine 
Schnee verwandelte sich in einen mit Schnee 

Smischten Regen; aber das Wetter wurde 
durch um nichts gebessert, und wo man 
in einigen Hausern schon aufgehort hatte zu 
heizen, muszte wieder von Frischem angefangen 

2. Translate into English — 

Advocat Piister kehrte von einem Ausgange 
zuriick und fand auf seinem Pulte die indesz mr 
ihn eingetrofPenen Briefe und Zeitungen. Die 
letzteren schob er noch zuriick und brach einen 
der Briefe nach dem andern auf. Aus dem 
vierten fiel eine Photographie, die Max, der 
gerade neben ihm stand, auf hob und auf das 
Pult legte. 

" Hm/' brummte Piister, ^' das ist der Brief 
von Hamburg, Max, und die Photographie kannst 
Du einmal Deinem Herm — wie heiszt er gleich : 
Bummel ?" 

" Hummel, Herr Notar." 

'^ Ach ja — Hummel, zeigen; das ist ein ellen- 
langer Biief, und noch dazu Englisch ! den kann 
ich nicht einmal lesen. Wenn Frauenzimmer 
etwas zu sagen haben, was sie in zwei Worte 
bringen konnten, mtissen sie immer gleich ein 

,y Google 


Actenstiick daraus machen. Lies den Brief und 
iibersetze mir dann die wichtigen Punkte. Lasz 
einmal die Photographie sehen — hm, das Gesicht 
kommt mir selber bekannt vor — Donnerwetter, 
den Menschen babe ich doch scbon bier geseben ! 

3. Translate into German — 

A man may usually be known by the books he 
reads, as well as by the company he keeps; for 
there is a companionship of books as well as of 
mep; and one should always live in the best 
company, whether it be of books or of men. 

A good book may be among the best of friends. 
It is the same to-day that it always was, and it 
will never change. It is the most patient and 
cheerful of companions. It does not turn its 
back upon us in times of adversity or distress. 
It always receives us with the same kindness; 
amusing and instructing us in youth^ and com- 
forting and consoling us in age. 

Men often discover their affinity to each other 
by the mutual love they have for a book — -just 
as two persons sometimes discover a friend by 
the admiration which both entertain for a third. 
There is an old proverb, ^*Love me, love my 
dog." But there is more wisdom in this: 
" Love me, love my book." The book is a truer 
and higher bond of union. Men can think, feel, 
and sympathise with each other through their 
favourite author. They live in him together, and 
he in them. 

4. Translate into German — 

When Edward the Black Prince won the 
battle of Poictiers, in which he took prisoner the 
French king and his son, he entertained them in 

,y Google 


the evening at a banquet^ when he insisted on 
waiting upon and serving them at table. The 
gallant pnnce's knightly courtesy and demeanour 
won the hearts of nis captives as completely as 
His valour had won their persons ; for, notwith- 
standing his youth, Edward was a true knight^ 
the first and bravest of his time — ^a noble pattern 
and example of chivalry. His two mottoes, 
" Hocmuth " and " Ich dien " (high spirit and 
reverent service); not inaptly expressed his 
prominent and pervading qualities. 

5. Give the German for these sentences : — 

I was prevented from coming to see you. 

Smoking is forbidden in this carriage. 

That house is to let. 

I have been living for a year in Melbourne 
and shall remain there. 

I do not like this bread. 

He is taught Latin by a very good teacher. 

They took my silver watch away from me. 

He imagines himself to be a great prince. 

Both the children made such a noise that it 
was impossible to write. 

6. Give the German for — 

I was praised. I should have been praised. 
They forgave us. Begin to write. I was trans- 
lating my exercise. Have you copied it out ? 

7. Form sentences showing the gender of these 

nouns : — 

Garten, Gebaude, Friihling, Freundschaft, 
Kaffee, Eindlein. 

,y Google 


8. Mention some differences between German and 
English in the use of the article. 

(This qvsstion need not be answered at great 

9. Form sentences showing the force of the particles 
auch, eben, noch. 

The JSo€Mrd of JBxammers. 

1. State and explain Gay-Lussac's laws of volume. 

Describe two or three illustrative cases. 

2. Fluorine and chlorine are said to belong to the same 

natural group of elements. Why ? Give the 
reasons as fiilly as you can. 

Mention some of the more striking ^t^imilari- 
ties between these two elements. 

3. What do you understand by the term double decom- 

position? Describe this mode of action as fully 
as you can, and cite characteristic examples. 

4. Give the names, formulae, and chief characters of 

the oxides of each of the following elements : — 

(1) Copper; (2) tin ; (8) arsenic ; (4) chro- 
mium; (6) manganese. 

,y Google 


5. By what characteristic properties can each of the 

following gases be distinguished from others ? — 

(1) Acetylene; (2) ethylene;^ (3) marsh gas^ 
(4) carbon monoxide } (5) carbon dioxide ? 

6. Calculate (1) how much weight of each of the gases 

mentioned in question 5 contains 50 grammes of 
carbon ; (2) how many litres of each of them 
would yield 10 litres of gas (hydrogen or oxygen) 
if decomposed into its elementa. 

The Boo/rd of Bocamvners. 

1. Define the term "Moment." What physical 

quantities besides forces can be said to have 
a moment with respect to a fixed point ? 

2. What is the scientific standard of Time, and how- 

is it determined ? 

3. Find (either algebraically or geometrically) the 

Centre of Gravity of a quadrilateral figure three 
of whose sides are of equal length, and the 
fourth double that length and parallel to the 
opposite side. 

4. A volume of air enclosed in a flask at 12° centi- 

grade has a pressure of 750 millimetres : at 31° 
its pressure is 800 millimetres. Calculate its 
coefficient of expansion at constant pressure^ 
neglecting the expansion of the flask. 

,y Google 


6. What is meant by the Efficiency of — 

{ay A simple machine. 

(J) A steam-engine (boiler omitted). 

How would you measure the efficiency of a 
steam-engine ? 

6. Describe the construction and mode of employment 

of the Torsion Balance. 

7. What do you understand by Magnetic Induction ? 

Prove that energy is stored up when steel is 
magnetized. Where does this energy come 

8. What is an Astatic Galvanometer ? Why is one 

magnet of an astatic galvanometer put inside the 
coil and the other outside ? Is there any better 
arrangement ? 

The Board of Examiners. 

1. What are the respiratory movements, and what are 

their causes ? 

2. In what respect should the diet of (a) a labourer, 

{h) a professional man, {c) a child, and {d) an 
old man differ, and why ? 

3. Give an account of the minute structure of the 

skin, with its appendages, hair, teeth, and nails. 

,y Google 


4. Give any examples of mental delusions^ and 
explain them. 

6. Contrast respiration of Amphibia at different stages 
of development. 


Hie Board of Examiners. 

All answers must be Illustrated hj ronffb sketobes. 

1. Describe carefiiUj the structures seen in a longitu- 

dinal section of the stem of a dicotyledonous 
plant, stating the functions performed by the 
different parts. 

2. Describe the structure and life history of Protococ- 

cus. In what important points does it differ in 
structure from yeasty and compare the methods 
of nutrition of the two forms. 

3. Name the orders to which the following plants 

belong, and give their characteristic features: — 

. Wallflower, Eucalypt, Pine, Epacris, Butter- 

4. Describe the reproduction of (1) BadlluSy (2) 

Pterisy (3) a Phanerogam. What do you under- 
stand by the term '' alternation of generations." 

6, What ftinctions are performed respectively by roots 
and leaves ? Describe the structures seen when 
the terminal portion of a root is cut in longi- 
tudinal section and when a transverse section is 
cut across the leaf of a plant such as a gum tree. 

,y Google 



Professor MarsAaU-MaJL 
1. Resolve the following chords: — 




fl> ° I I tto I I b<>> I I 




I I ° M I I 

2. Write three parts below the following melody :-«-* 


J ^ Tz: 

■Gi- ^i a 

•"-^ cy 





rj r J I ^<izz: 




Jp l pJ l J: 


Digitized by Google 



3. Add three parts in close position above the 
following Bass: — 

mi* i* in ^i 




m^jit (^ 





16 6 7 

4. Add three parts below the following melody : — 


^ii^JlJJj l JiJ 




VjJrir^'r^rHJtrr i r^ 

i f/|lVllJJlJJ^r l ^ff4^iJf^ a 

, Wf d three parts above the following Bass : — 
5. Ad a.. 

tb . 3 i ^> 

tu.j ^ 

CU 3 

r> ^tlo <> 



2 1_ 


Digitized by Google 



jTi'^rf^rrfrJ i 'kf'^ 

«^ 8 







f ii= 5i| J 

6. Write four notes a^nst one under the following 
cantus firmus, and (b) florid counterpoint above 
it, transposing the C.P. ad libitum: — 








7. Add two parts to the following C.F.*, one above and 
one below, in florid counterpoint : — 












ROBT. S. BRAiir, Ooveniment Printer, Melbourne. 

Digitized by Google 


,y Google 

,y Google 

,y Google 



Thit book li under no circumttanocs to be 
taken from tbe Building 

lm*m 41i