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^^^^^^^^^^^^^^—/Darcb, 1896. ^^^^^^^^_ 













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the Sociuly. ilie mattcra contamed iu the uanotaiions kix' mostly 
oruphilolo^^iuil nature — nearly cvorytliiny prolcssioiwl httvini; 
liecD excluded by the advice of tlio Couocil. In tlic jjrcKnt 
iuBtanoe, it wa» felt that our primary object wna to supply tin; 
profession with an improved text of the original, and a coiTect 
translation ; and that there was no neccKity either for a 
running commentary on every chapter, as was given in tlic 
" Paulug" — or for elaborate annotations embracing a compa- 
rison of ancient with modern opinions on the various subjects 
treated of, as vrax done in the two volumes of" Hippocrates," 

Altliough the <Klition of Kiihn focmed the basis of mine, I 
bavo admitted the sub-division of the chapters introduced by 
Wigan. In ortliography and accentuation I have endeavoured 
to conform lo the present UMge at the University Press of 
Oxford, except in a few instances, when 1 have deviated from 
it on what I conceived to be suflEcient grounds. 

The Index is constructed very much upon the plan of 
Wigan's, and, like it, is merely applicable to the tranaUtlun. 
An in<lex lo the text would have been valued by so few of 
my readers, that 1 did not think of undertaking so very 
formidable a task. 

I think it my duty to acknowledge publicly, that in con- 
Etructing the text, and in conducting tlie woik through the 
press, I have derived much assistance from my learned friend. 
Professor Gcddc*, of KingV College. OM Aberdeen, wlio care- 
fully examined every proof-sheet along witli mc, and kindly 
afTorded me his opinion on many important questions con- 
iiecte<) with the minute structure of the Greek huiguage. 

Ba/icAofy, AprUiltl, 165G. 








tlic one hftd avoided to mention the other. It is deserving of 
leinMrk Umt we have b still more extmordiiiary example of two 
eon tern [lorary authora under similar circumsUinees, mutually 
neglecting to quote one uiutlier, in the case of two writers 
who lived % ehort time before Uulen, uaui(;ly Uioscondes and 
the Elder Plinj; both of whom ue most voluminous and 
accurate writers, and both handle the same subjecta criticaUjTi 
yet, as we have stated, neither of them takes the slightest 
notice of tho other.' In this instance, indeed, there are various 
circumstances which Icsul lu to Infer that tho Romiia writer, 
who u merely a great compiler on ull subjects, was indebted lo 
the Greek authority on the Materia Medica, and hence the 
learned are pretty generally agreed that the work of Diosco- 
rides must have preceded that of Pliny, although botli were 
productions of the same age. One thing, at Irast, is indis- 
putable respecting them, as eve^ person fiimiliiu witlt their 
productions must bo convinced, that there is such a conge- 
niality and accordance between thrir opinions on various sub- 
ject* which tliey treat of in common, that wc can have no 
hesitation in melting thera down as authors who had lived 
about the same lime. And I am clearly of opinion from my 

' It would appear to have been 
th» rule iu tho age of Quictiliiui, 
who lived oo]j a short tiniu before 
Oaleo, for i^outenijtorary writers 
not tfl notice ono aucitlicr hj unmei, 
it buiug jirobubly held to I»o im- 
pOMtblc to pass jiidguitiiit ou theui 
iMW t'ra am iludio. Of this we 
have a notable example in the tenth 
Soak of bis work, where, treating 
of aU tho great sntiriual poets, he 
dismiasM Juvenal and his other 
COUtomporaries with the romark: 
"aunt olari hoilitKiue et qui olim 
neminabuntur." In the preceding 
genention, however, the practice 

would appear to have been very 
different, for Virgil, Horace, 'Hbul- 
lus, Pru(iertiuH, and Ovid, are odd- 
stautly uieutiouivig one nn other 
in terms of*tlii> greatest kindiieaa. 
Mioceuaa jioems to have posaesaed 
the wonderful talent of keuping Up 
the bust feeling among the Uterarj 
worthies whom ho pntroniaed. 
But there are abundant, proofs tn 
Greainn literature thut profes- 
siouiU rivalry was oven a stronger 
punaiuui in ancient than in modem 
times, Soo in partioulai' Hisaiod, 
Op. ot Dies ; CalliniaGbus, Uymn. 
iu ApolL; aud Piudar, OL ii. 



long fiunilisrity with tho works of Galen and Arcbeus, that 
oas CMi dccidcdij detect a corresponding coincidence between 
the literary and professional viewg of these authors. Both 
had eltoKn Hippouratcs for their model, and had their tnindi 
thoroughly imbued with his opinions. Both show an inti* 
mat^: acquaintance with the true epirit of the Platonic p)iilo- 
9ophy, 01 manifcKted in the Gnt and succeoding wntnrics. 
Botli display a great acquuntancc with Sphygmology, and uwt 
the aame identical terms in describing tlic varied conditions of 
llie arterial pulse. Both possess a ntore intimate knowledge of 
Anatomy than any of the other autliorilic* on ancient medi- 
cine. In Thempewtics, alio, there is a striking coincidence 
between them; and, in regard to the Klateria Medica, both 
not only prescribe the tame simpW, but also, in many instances, 
the sante compound medidneji. Altogether, then, there it each 
a conformity between both ihcir theoretic*! and pracUcxI views 
in their profession as we never tind to exist except between 
authoTv who lived in or about the same period. It is true 
there ii one striking dillerence between theni' — the one write* 
Dodeni Atltc in a style wortliy of Xenophon or Theophrustus, 
"^hereats the other uses Ionic or old Attic, bearing a con- 
siderable resemblance to the language of Hippocrates and 
Herodotus. This, however, when attentively considcTed, will be 
found to be a confirmation of my vicvn regarding the identity 
of the age in which tho two authoTS in question llourished; 
for it would appear to have been tlie practice of learned men 
in the second centuiy, from some unexplained taste, to write 
sometimes in the one dialect and sometime in the other. 
Thits Arrian, who flourislied in the earlier part of that cen- 
tury—that ia to say, immediately before Galea — although in 
most of his historical and philosophical works lie uM* very 
pure Attic, has made use of Ionic, or at least a modiftc<l imita- 
tion of it, in one of his works, the InJica. In like manner 
his coatempomry Lumo, whose gcncml style ia chaste and 




elegant Attic, hu left among his bonks two tracts written In 
the Ionic (li&lcct, iiiiinely dtt dea Syria und de Aitrologta. In 
the same way we cau account for a ditference between the 
practice of our two authors in regard to the class of pocta 
which they familiarly quote, our author always quoting Homer, 
ftad Galen the dramatic poets; for this difference of taste is 
obviously the necessary consequence of the style affected by 
each of them, ^nce the Ionic dialect is inseparably connected 
with the Uomerio poenu, and the Attic with the Athcniaa 

From what has been stated it will bo seen there ia a large 
amount of probabilities that our author must have been a con- 
temporary of Galen, respecting whom it is satisfactorily ascer- 
tained that he was bom x.». 131, and that bo died about the 
end of titat century. We cannot then bo (ar from the truth if 
we assume it as a settled point in the chronology of mcdicnl 
literature, that Aretaeus flourished about the middle of the 
second century of the Christian era. 

From the epithet " Cappadocian " witli whJeh his name ia 
always associated, it may be assumed that he was a native of 
one of the most eastern departments of the Roman empire. 
Although nothing is related of his education and course of 
life, we are warranted in believing that his literary and 
profe^onal reputation was not acquired amongst his native 
mountains, but that his ambition had taken him, Uke his great 
contemporary of Porgamus, and the scarcely less celebrated 
Archigcnes, to try his fortune in the great scat of empire. 
This is further inferred to have been the case from his pre- 
scribing to his patients tbe use of the most approved Italian 
wines of that period, namely, the Falemian, the Fundan, the 
Signine, and the Surrentine.' He himself has left it on record 
that besides the present worlc, he had written on Fevers, on 
Surgery,* and Pharmacy,* 
. ■ Po ount. Morb. Acut ii. 3. ■ ILidi.I. < Morb.diuturu.ii.lS, 



It cannot tut appear remarkable, tliat, notwitliBtanding the 
)n(lis]>utnblc merit of our author's works, they should be bo 
seldom noticed by sul^cqucnt writers. Aetius, probably oS 
the fiftli, and Faulus ^Iginola, probably of the seventh cen- 
tury, and the author of the Euporitla, formerly ascribed lo 
IMoscoridcs, but now generally admitted to have been of a 
much later da(«, are the only ancient anthoritics that have 
([uoUkI Arctasus by name. By the Latin and Arabian writera 
he is wholly unnoticed; but for this oversight a probable 
reason can be assigned without referring it to his obscurity. 
Of the Latin authorities aficr his age no one has any pieteo- 
aons to learned research; and the silence of the Arabians 
Kq>ecting him may be supposed to be owing to the circum- 
stance tbat aa a considerable epace of time had elapsed between 
his age and the dawn of the Arabian celebrity in science, all 
the tre»eures of Grecian medicine had been previously method- 
ized and compiled by Ai'tiiie, Oribasius, Alexander, and Paulus 
^gineta, from whose works the Arabian authorities were con- 
tent to extract ihc information they required, without being at 
the trouble of referring to the original sources of information. 
Another reason why our author is so seldom noticed by subse- 
quent audioritice is euppoEcd, by Wigan, to be that bis repu- 
tation, although dcccn'cdly high, waa eclipEvd by that of 
Archigcncs, an author of very great reputation in the ago 
immediately preceding his, and the greatest ornament of the 
celebrated sect to which he belonged, namely, the Pneu- 

Of the principles of this Sect, I should have thought myself 
called upon to give a detailed exposition in this place, if I had 
not done so already, in the argument prefixed to tJic tran*Ia- 
tion of ilic Hippocratic " On the Sacred Disease."* 
The doctrine of tlie PtuMma, it ia there «Uted, itamcly, of an 

• Utppocrale*' works, Sj^. So& Edit. t. ti. pp. 837, 83& 



eth«rial principle cixistiDg in the microcoBm, by means of which 
(he mind performs all tlie functtona of the body, may be traced 
as far back bb the Hippocwtic treatises, and woa very gcno- 
mlly received as the establifhod opinion of ihc s(avam of 
antiquity, and moTe especially of tho Stoicti, whose doctrines 
TTcrc then in high repute, nc being patronised by the illuittrious 
Marcus Antoninus the Komun emperor. It is idcnticsl with 
the Innate Heat, — the d^p/i^ Sfj,4tvT0^ of our niitbor, and llie 
calidam vatatum of modorn physiologists, especially those of 
the seventeenth century," — a principle of animal life which wo 
are now content to dispense witli, although it will be admitted, 
tliat in de&ult of it, scarcely all the resources of Chemistry 
and Natural Phllosphy are suificient to account for the exti-^ 
ordinary powers of the human organ ism, whereby it ia 
enabled to preserve its temperature unnbated at more thsn 
100° below the point of congelation in our tlicnnometers. 
Holding, then, the existence ot tliia vitnl principle, it ia not 
to be wondered at if the learned phyricians of Greece and 
Rome supposed it to play a very important part in the animal 
economy, both in regard to the prcscrvnUon and the rretora- 
tion of health. Accordingly, as already staled, it figures in 
the medical theories as early as tlie time of Hippocrates; but 
it waa not until the first century of the Christian era tliat 
this principle was made to form the baeis of the system of 
an importitat sect, tho Pneumatiats, which originated with 
Athcnicus of Attalcia, and soon afterwards acquired still greater 
celebrity from Archigenea, who Uourishcd in Kome during 
the reign of Trajan; that is to say, in the beginning of the 
•ccond century. Tlic dogmas of tliis author arc animadverted 
upon by Galen in many {larts of his works, more especially 
in his elaborate Treatises on the Puiae; and if our concfuaionB, 
formerly announced, be well foimded, he must have been the 

* Sm in particiilar thn n-orka of II«rve7, pivrU*. 



immedtate predecessor, nnd, perhaps, the preceptor of ArclKiu. 
Of late, it has been disputed whether or not our author did 
actual!/ bolong to the PDeumalJc sect; aud this b one of those 
controvcreies wliich can never come to a satislkctory rctull, 
uace all the works of the acknowledged Pncuinatista arc loet, 
and the only information wo can obtain rcBpecting the prin- 
ciples of the sect must necessarily be incoraptete, as being 
derived at second hand. For my own part I need only declare 
in this place, that having &railiarised myself with the works 
of all the ancient writers on medicine which have come down 
to us, I gire it as my decided conviction, that the doctrine 
of the Pncuma holds a more prominent position in the works 
of Arctjcus thnn in those of any of tlio other authorities, and 
hence I am salialied that he bcloogs to the wme sect as 
Atlieiueua and Archigenca. It is unneoeasary for roe to quote 
fully and comment on all the passages in his works, from the 
examination of which I have been led to draw this conclusion, 
but I subjoin references which will enable the reader, if so 
^spooed, to satisfy himself whether or not my opinion on this 
snlject bo welt founded.' 

Aft«r the second century, the Pneumatic sect had ceoMd to 
exist by name, this system and all the others having been 
extinguished by the prerolenco of the Galenic, (nlcn, it is 
true, coBtinuod to recognise the pnguma as a principle In the 
Animal eoononiy which ministers to the preservation and 
restoration of hedth, but it no longer played the same promi* 
sent part in medical theory as it did in the system of tlie 

ssigniaMorlxAouttil. S,p. 40 
, DJutum. Ll<i,ii.lSI 

„ iL a, p. Ml 
, a Vu 7, p. 130 

„ ».lS,p.l«t 

D» cunt. HorU AouL i. I,p.Ifl3 

, i. I,p.l99 

, ii. 8;p.S47 

„ ii. 4,i..261l 

Kfthn^ edition. 

* 8m, in pwtioikr, do fUt&c rcapir, ii!. : do natural faralif lit : da 
locia aflcctis, iii. 



In modem times, tho clcwst reeemblancc to the PneuinalJo 
bypotli^is is found m the system of Van UclmoDt, mora eepc- 
cudly u expounded and upheld hy Stahl and Hoffmann. That 
thearcAnts of Uclmoul vroa in many rci^p;cts identical with the 
ptteuma of tlie anuient aiithoritica, musi appear obvious to vay 
one who is familisr with his workit; indeed, lie himself ex- 
plains it by comparison with the "iinpetum fkciens" of 
Hippocrates, and proclttims it to be, EomeUmes a " causa etli- 
ciens," and at others an " aura genialis," "nd " spiritus semi- 
luB." After the fashion of this system had passed away, the 
spiritual etsencc which had been supposed to perform so im- 
|>ortant a function in the animal frame, may be taid to have 
lost its independent existence in medical theory, when it was 
held, in the CuUenian system, to be a mere virtue or energy 
of the body, under the appellation of a cis medicatrix nalunt. 
Of late, in the philosophy of medicine, life has ceased to be 
held connected with a vital principle, although it will scarcely 
be denied, that many of the symptoms of disease and many of the 
undoubted phenomena of Animal Magnclism cannot otherwise 
be well accounted for. But it woi;l<l be out of place to prose* 
cute these reSexions further at pre.sent. SufHee to say, in con- 
clusion, that whoever approaches the study of llie Pneuniatio 
hypothesis with an unbiassed mind, must be disposed to recog- 
nise in it a great and importaiit truth as its basis, however much 
he may be inclined to thiok that an exaggerated importance 
was attached lo it by the followers of Atlienteus and Aga- 
tliinuB, in tlie second century, and by those of HelmoQt in 
the eighteenth. Sed ktec haclnua. 

On the virtues of AroKcus, as a medical author, I shall only 
iidd » few words. Ilis descriptions of diseases have been 
univeraally admitted to be unsurpassed for elegance and ac- 
eumcy. Ko doubt, it must be admitted, that they do not 
convey the impression of being original copies from natnre, so 
much as those of Hippocrates; but, on the other hand, they 



neooraeomprvhcnsive an<\ more std^iou sly elaborated. As 
KBoliUry proof of their vslue, I maymcDtioa that Hippocrates 
and ArcUeus arc almost the only authorities among hU pro- 
deceesors, id whose works Laennee dct«cU any anticipatioiu of 
his own system of diagnosis in diseases of the chest. - To hare 
his name thus lionourably connected by so great % master in 
Someiolofry, is a eulogium to which it would be superfluous 
to attempt any addition. In a word, no one can fail to per- 
ceive that lie was gidcd with the rote talent of giving a more 
stnking delineation of a scries of morbid phatinomena, iu one 
page, than most authors would give in a long treatise. 

His system of treatment also can scarcely be loo highly 
commended, being generally founded on rational and judicious 
indications, which, as soon as stated, command the assent of 
the unprejudiced reader. Even at the present day, when 
^^tdged of impartially, it will he difiicuU to oonvict him of 

ring in any single instance laid <lown erroneous rui« of 
treatment. And not only are his general principles in tlieni* 
pcutics to be admired, but also the skill and taste with which 
he reduces them to practice. Kor, in genemi, it will be ml- 
initted that it would be dillicult to accomplish the fulBlmentof 
the indications laid down, by any more appropriate means than 
thaw he mokes use of. As a practitioner of the art, he would 
appear to have attained tlie happy modium between feeble 
timidity and reckless audacity. Moreover, there is scarcely u 
angle cUai of remedies presently in use from whicli he docs not at 
one time or another draw certain specimens, from the simplest 
and most delicious of the culinary prcparntiona up to the most 
potent resources of Surgery and of Pharmacy. The fermented 
juice of the grape, and otlier savoury potations; acids, bitters, 
astringents, carminatives, narcotics, diuretics, cmmcnsgogue*, 
catbar^cs, and emetics; soap to cleanse the skin, and cnntha- 
rides or mustard to stimulate it; the lancet, and, in extreme 
cases, the actual cautery: such ore the remedial means rccom- 




mended »nd employed by the learned Cappadocion, with 
Bdmintblc skill and discrimination, to combat tlic multifarious 
symptomii of disease wKicli tie himself has so gntphicuUy de- 
lineated. As a record, then, of the opinions of a most tsli^tcd 
and expeiicnccd physician, in a remote ago, on some of the 
moat vital questions connected with modic&I practice, there ia 
surely no member of the profession but must feel interested ia 
the remains of such an author, and deeply deplore the loss of 
those portions vhich have unfortunately perished. 

§ II. — Ok the Editions of Auet^us. 

Tub first e<lition of AreUcus was the Latin translation oT 
Junius Paulus Crassus, printeil at Venice, A.D. 1552, in quarto. 
The editor, in his preface, auuoutices that the work in Greek, 
bearing the name of Aret.£DS, the Cappadociam, had 
accidentally fallen into his liands, and that with great bbour 
and care he had made his ver^on, and published it, lest such 
valuable fragments, in so pcnshahle a stale as he found them, 
•hould be altogether lost. This Latin version was repruited in 
1554, at Paris, by William Morel and James Putianus; and ia 
1567, by Henry Stephens, in his work " Medicas Artia Ptto- 
cipes." In 1581, another edition, carefully amended by the 
editor, was published at Basle, after his death. The translation 
of Crassus bears evident marks of having been prepared by a 
Kctiolar well competent for the task; anil who, although he 
had not the advantage of examining several codices which 
have since been discovered, would appear to have enjoyed the 
privilege of consulting some MS. which has since disappeared. 
This version, then, must alwaj-s deserve the careful attention 
of any one who undertakes to give an edition of our author. 




rhe first Greek editioa was issut^ at Paiis, in 1JS54, by 
Jacobus Goupylus, fi-oiu the press of die cek-bratcd Adrian 
Tuntcbns, the King's printer. The editor professes to have 
followed prineipally n MS. in tlie Boya! library. Tliiit edition 
is executed on good paper, un<] in the elegant type for which 
Tumebus has always been held remarkable. It would appear 
to have been the saine type &a thut used by him in his edition 
of jEschylus, prinlod about that time. Like other editions, 
however, of that age, it Is faulty in punctuation; and, as no 
oot^ectural cmcndntions aro admitted, the text in many places 
ia to oorrupC m to be altogether unintelligible. But, at the 
end, there are some cunoiia attempts to amend the corruptions 
of tlie text. Altogether, this — the Kiiitio princciMi of our 
author — le a perfonnance highly creditable to the editor, the 
printer, and the age in which it appeared. 

The next edition was tbc Greek and Latin edition of 
Hcniscb, published at Augsburgh, in 1603. The editor pro- 
fowci to have formed his text from tlie collation of three MSS.| 
"Vcnetum, Bavaricum, Augustanum," This edition contains 
a good many different readings in the margin, but those, in 
gencnl, are of little value; and, us n^ards accumcy of the 
text, the printing is execrable. The commentary ut the end 
is mode up of common-place matters, from which little or no 
information can be gathered. This edition, tlion, posscBser 
very little value in any point of view. 

The third edition is one of a very different stamp, namely, 
tbo magniSeent edition of Wigan, printed at the Clarendon 
Pieae of Oxford, \7iS, and dedicated to the celebrated Dr. 
Freind, of London. A* announced in tlie titlo-pagc, tlie text 
is mainly formed from a collation of tlie Vatican and Har- 
leyan MSS.; in (act, it ia formed almost entirely on the latter, 
and this it is which constitutes its main defect, as monstrosities 
are ofleu retained in tbo text which oven the most cautious 
editor ought to have no scruph) in expunging. In most oilier 



l««p«cM, die perfortnanoe IB beyond all praise; for as to elegance 
and accuracy of typography, and all the other embelliahmenta 
of a clasajcal edition, it is unsurpassed. In particular, the 
notes and emendations, along with the copious diesertationa on 
all matters connected with AreUeus, are most interesting and 

The next edition is that which hears the name of the 
famous Herman Bocrhaave, having been got up under his 
patronage by Dr. Grooneveld. It was printed at Leyden, 
173d. As regards typography and style of execution, it 
is far inferior to the Oxford edition, which had come out m 
few years previous; but, withal, it is enriched with a large 
amount of valuable matters, collected from a variety of 
sources. In particular, it contains the very important com- 
mentaries of Peter Petit, the celebrated Parisian physician, 
which are about the most ingenious and judicious labours of 
tlie kind whicli have ever been expended on an ancient 
autlior. One can scarcely over-rate the benefits which the 
euise of Medical Literature owes to Petit, insomuch that it 
may be doubted if in tliis line ho has any equal, unless, 
perhaps, FoSs, the admiiablo editor of Hippocrates. The 
Lcjden edition, also, possesses the annotations and conjec- 
tural emendations of Triller, along witli the Greek index 
and other matters supplied to the Oxford edition by Mait* 
Uirei a high authority in classical literature at that time. 
The text of this edition is the same as that of the edilio 
princeps, but at the bottom of every page is given a 
convenient collection of itclioties varianlet and conjectural 

The next edition is that of Kiihn, published at Leipsic, 
1628. The text i^ little else than a reprint of the preceding 
edition in an octavo shape; but both in paper and typography, 
it is of a very inferior stamp. In pardcular, the punctuation 
is so faulty, that no one can posibly read the works of our 

THE EDrron-s preface. 



author with any pleasure or advantage from ihia edition. 
The only recommendation it possesses is, that it contuDB, in « 
very convenient shape, most of tlie valuable mattci^ originally 
published in the edition of Boorhaave. 

We now come ti> the latest edition of our author, namely, 
that of Dr. Franciscua Zaohariaa Ermerins, publiehed at 
Utrecht, 1847. in 4lo. No competent judge can hesitate to 
say of thU edition, that it ia a moat «luborate performance, 
exccut^Kl with much care, and indinitive of great critical 
acumen. The editor makes it appear that he had carefully 
collated nearly all the existing MSS., and all the previous 
editions of our author. From the careful study of all these — 
in many instances with much success, although, in not a few, 
with tog hold B spirit of innovauon — he prea a very excellent 
and, on tlie whole, an improved text of our author. How 
highly I estimate hb labours will be seen by tlie many re- 
ferences made to them in my notes; and, where I tliinic 
myself compelled to reject his proposed alterations, I shall 
readily be believed sincere when I say, tlial it b with much 
respect for the talent and attainments of ray predoceesor. 
Having qioken fioely of the blemishes of defunct editors, I 
must be permitted slightly to touch upon the defects of mj 
contemporary. Though his work in general bespeaks much 
eUboration, 1 was rather diKippointcd to find so many in* 
Btancca of very inferior l.atinity, both in Uio Frolegomena and 
Xoles; and even in the t«xl, tlie lapses, as regards accentuation 
and typography, are more numerous tlian in the Oxford 
edition. I liave also remarked, in several instances, that tlie 
Latin translation has not been altered, so as to suit the changea 
of the text introduced by the editor. But, as already hinted, 
my principal ground of objection to this othcrwLtc raluablo 
edition is the enonnous amount of oonjectural emendations, 
more especially the freedom wttli which he hjt»— " suo pcri- 
culo "—ejected hundreds of words from the text, on the un- 






proved assumption, that thej ore inteipolations wliicb hsn 
or«pt into it from the <J!)oe8cina. 

There have been two Englifih tranBUtions, both Tcry in- 
complete, namely, the truDaUtioD b; Moffat, London, 1785, 
and that of Reynolds, I^niJon, 1837. As neither of the 
translators lays claim to any critical acquainlAncc with our 
author, it cannot be expected that I should admit having 
leceived any important aESstoncc fjroin my predecessors in 
this line. 

Of my own preparations for uiidertuking the task of editing 
AretKua it now becomes my duty to say something, I beg to 
state, tlien, that [ had been familiarly acquainted with our 
author's work, througli the study of most of tic previous 
editjoos, long before 1 thought of oiFering to edit it; and that 
anoo I undertook this tafik, I have diligently examined the 
text in all the existing editions, and collated with eomc caro 
all tho &ISS. to be found in Great Britain, namely, the throe 

L OoDxi HjRLBTiKDB, VICSIOOOOXXVl ; small in folio, of tho 

onrl of the lUth eeatury. — British Museum. 
U. OoD. Asxew ; oomnieucement of the ISlh century. — Libriiry of 
th« Medico] Societj of Loadon- 
in. Cod. PHiUFf. ; of the Ifith FQutury.— Libraiy of Sir Tbpmas 
Ptlillips, of Miildie-liill, WorooBterahire. 

To the examination of all these editions and MSS. I have 
added, in most instances, a comparison of collateral passages 
in 111! the other authorities on Ancient Medicine; niid have 
further endeavoured to prepare myself for my editorial diiiica 
by a diligent revision of all the Greek writers who used the 
peculiar dialect of Aretwus, from Herodotus and Hippocrales 
down to Arrian and Luciau. I trust, also, it will be seen in- 
directly, that 1 have not been remiss in availing myself of the 
distinguished labours of contemporary philologists, especially 
of JOindorf and Darembcrg, and the Icxicographeni of Oxford. 



Having bestowed so much painB on my work, I diall certainly 
feci sovae dUa^^iomtuieiit if it is not such as to eatiefy the 
reasonable expectations butli of the classical scholar and of 
the learned pliyd^uun. More especially, I shall be curious to 
aacertain how roy attempted emendations of several corrupt 
passages, which had defied the ingenuity of preceding editors, 
vill be lec^ved by the few Bcholnrs now existing in Europe, 
who are possessed of the reiiuisite amount of profvsnonal and 
philological knowledge tu nit in judgment on mch literary 
attempts. Satibficd, indeed, m I hnve lung been of the rme 
combiuatiou of ciitical acumeu and practice required for 
restoring the decayed remains of Ancient Literature, it is not 
without considctablo misgivings that I have ventured to as- 
sume myself to be possessed, even in a small degree, of a 
" curiosa felicilas," whicli has reflected so much honour on the 
names of Elmsley and of Porson. 

Tliere is one omission in this edition, for which I ft^el mysrlf 
called upon to furnish an explanation. I have not thought it 
nccennry to imitate the example of several preceding editors, 
in giving at the end a list of the lectionet varianUa, having 
been principally deterred from doing so by the tix>uble end 
expense which would have been thereby incurred. The 
reader may form a pretty correct VHtimntc what these would 
have amounted to, when I state that in the Leydcn edition 
they occupy twenty-tliree closely printed pages in folio. To 
thoe, if 1 had added all the conjectural emendations and 
ernnons of Eimeiins, and all the alterations suggested by 
aiyaelf, 1 ahoold have required more thun sixty pages for this 
purpose. The membcn of the Sydvnhtun Society will, there- 
fore, sec that they would thus liave been subjected to a very 
great additional expenditure, and myself to a great tacnlice 
of time and of labour, without any corresponding amount of 
benefit to any ruader of the volume. Indeed, I may venture 
to rcpott the judgment which Wigan pronounced on tlieie 


diflerent readings: — " Ilaud facile ex us, ut opinor, quispiam 
«ruct, quod faciliorcm reddet AreUet leclionera," etc. More- 
over, there are very few scholars vrho take delight in tho 
miDuti» of philological criticism, who have not access to one 
or more of the preceding editions vhich contain the lecliones 

or the Translation, I need only say, that it is scrupulously 
close, and that 1 have taken every puius to make it correct. 




BiBAioN npnroN. 


• a'. 

• r. 

DlpJ tfltviTuciili 
Utfii Atl6apyucuv 
Iltpi Mapaafuiu 
Dtp] 'AwowX^iiiit 
Oifii 'EiriAq^tqc 

Uifil TiriSvoii *-', 

tlipl ^wijxvt C' 

Ilipi rciiv tari r^v Kiovila raBur . . . • ^'^ 

Vipl Tuv KarA IlaplaOiua Acwv fi** 

nipl OXivpiriiot •'• 

n. \\v- 







K(^. f. Tlfpi Tlapo^vtrfiov 'EwtXtprTtKaf. 

* * iftfiKvT^fi, l>^yyoi, revivratv ffapta, ^Xe^wv ev rp 
rpaj^Xp ir\^/Mo<rt« koI Suit^u^, vatniart iroXX^ f^v evl 
ffiTwK, ovx i;«Mrra Si km iir wrniriat Kal ^^ij^-' wot 
^Xiyfia ifuhai <n/)^6v airoaniri xai aTro^ij] ivi fffuxpourt 
^ifffutai' ^vff<oBee^, imjpfiivot inrtf}(ovSpia. rdSe ft,iv o&v 

■ In all ili« fonner editicmi. In- 

tmi Ol r> irgKX^. we r*iul r<l iroX- 
M| md, wiih ilie Mtccplicia of that 
' Dr. Ennerinf, kit him rai hetam 
'"fXfi'i- "i'^^ I-Min Iruiilatloa of 
eUoM by VTtipia. Kuhn, aii'l 
Ermcriiw, b thii; " KanicB pncci- 
|ni# iliiidfRi jujn citinin, tui ^lue 
per nbftincntiam (jnaqna Icnl> con- 
tinual," nlili'ii U9'iieUiJTtfJ^ao^o 
nod Togae. Thai of Craanu 1* far 
mure Mrjit luiil lUf iiraM't " Niuem* 
fivqucntiiu qtiirlDm e libj^ nam ml* 
aimi Umen ct al> ineilia pimlllA 
qnjidan num teqnltor." Th« Eng- 
liih irandation of ihe loict a« il for- 
merl^ hiiwtl wiiul-.l riin ihna: " Kau- 
Mk (or the nuM patt, indeod, aAor 

Ibod I btil alio, sot iinlVnjTirnUr, 
■lilthi nftiinui ttttt abMlnunru." h 
appMm to IDC. Iiowenr, tfast Ihe 
meaning (■ *o modi bsprortd hf 
the niijchc change I haie Tcnmred 
to make, that I flatter myralf no 
nriiuTiieut if rti^uiml to prorc it to 
be the trar. muling. The roDtrM 
bMwem itdUi} in ihc ono cam. and 
(iXilXP'i In tt>c other, la moil nilt- 
abl« to the nn>w. That ih« tppctl* 
tlon of tMi b lc(tltimate In iliia 
dsn'q of tha imencr, trill not be 
qucitioiiod h/ nnj one who it fnuii- 
Uoi with the ityic of Oalco. Sm, 
for fxamplB, De Locu AiTectii. 
t.L,pnpt tnttnonj L iiL p. 390, tiL 

B S 


*Hy Si ir\*iaiov ^^* ^ tov irapo^wr/ioO, kvkX^ ftaptia- 
pvyai vpo Tif; &^io<t ■jrop^vpittv ^ ftifKantv, ^ vamw OfioO 
ovjifiefirffUraiv, m? SoiUtiv rtiv iv ovpav^ Teranni&at tptv. 
j5xot Mmv, fft^vo&fiiij- opylXot, iriitpoxoXot irapaX^r/oK' kot- 
hrtvov >yovv riytt inro irpo<f)ciaioi, <f a&t/ftiTjr fUfe^erepot 
Si pfVfjMrt worafiov areve^ cwSdt-r«, 7 "^p^XV ^^^fVfiiv^, rj 
^e/iffiKt eXitraofUvp- oKKore Si 6aif>priiTii: ffapiuv ovfiStv 
Kari^aXe, u<nrtp yaytirov \^ov. -roujif fihr ovv iv t^ ju- 
^\^ TO Kaxov €tm}pix0J} tc, km, eyrev$ev -^mfiavBcv ap^^ 
Tat' ftere^eripotat Si Kui d-sv Twe Truppayreptp -nfi iceij>a\iiv 
vevpiav, OKOira ^p.va6ea tfi "VXS fh^^'*^ Sd/cniXoi yovv 
fif^uXoi x^ip&v ») voSwv ^wiXKorrai, Kol irivoi koX yapieij 
Koi rpofiov eirerat, xal «s *c«^X^v toot^oii' ^ op/xi) ^xev. 
^v ?pTrov 70 KOKbr e« rijv KttfiaXriv imrrat, irdTiVfa<t Toxni* 
ouxt fv^erai »? diro irXfjyrji 1; ^vXov, 7 \i$ov> leal e^va- 
ffTavT« t^StYysCiTat, w wro Tew e'f iwfffovK^ TraTa^^tferrev. 
T}Be fUvToi dTTcinj ylryverai OKOTotfft ToSe irp&rov rb jcoxov 
(vviir&xc oh Si f vtTjffe? to srii^w, flK ^/j^ z**!* ^ cowrov, 
^ Su/cTvXoi' S^ tjSr] dfjiiiajrai, ^ ^d rev Sp^tjrat, fvvf/^ia; 

' The coinuion muliu|' in Uia 
MSS. U lUtoc. wliicli U cvldDnilj 
inadnuwibln. IVrtit, iu hia Cumnwu' 
UiTy, ni^gou* that tho trac rrauling 
U ^i>i' y. Wiffui abo prvf«r» ir\ii- 
eioy itti tloi. Ermvrinn Bcronliiigly 
IMtdl irXqffia)' i|i iinc- Nolio of 
ihoM etliKiw, however, nivtt to noy 
oaUiQrilj for this iu[i>n»»igiQ, wliuJi 
ttlijivara tu lUR (]Uftliit unil uuiiUuml 
— ■' bal if the dread of a pnroxysm 
lit at hAiuL" I prtsfi-r iJ^Q oa Um 
oalliorllf of nuuij panJicI pa*- 
wi^Efia, a« r«r cuiupio — irXiivlov li 
ijjg rau fpn-lfiiv Svric. Qalfii, ik 
loc.nffieeLih.; Ivaravrifs U ^X^ mO 
m/iirTw;iaro£, P. .^.iii. 6, in tlic 
chajitDr uD «)iUc|>«y. lu'uiijriii>T<»7 

propwijr Kfiona ii, in another pw- 
tame v( our auiUur, « lions fih bad 
bccu fubitilutod for it (SympL dlut. 
uoiti. i. 9X Iniludl i}3||, in such 
cose*, occura Oci^ucntly in tho w<>rkt 
of uur author. 

Moroijvu'. In tho margin of the 
C('luhniti-dB<.'ii>ki''FCu]iiiuf lleiiisi'h'a 
cilitlon. thcro i« &UDd thi> omenda* 
tion — lifii iiii(. Sv9 G. Dindurfg 
Appendix to Kijhn's edition. TiM 
I^liu irauotation of Crnwiu would 
agree very well u-illi tli« Mailing ( 
propose ; w-hitc it i^ uniiiltablo to 
tha toxt whi'ii lios ia ailinitucil: 
" Qunm Tcro accesiio ajipropin* 


ipttyoiK Ka\4ovffi tow wop^iiTnt, vpcrfniuTt rov fUWovro 
iur' i/*wtiptt]^ Sia0<t>^(iv re koI artueXMiy km ovvnwtiv 
Hmrrai rh Karupxovra ptipfa- KtH airra'i Bi itinireoiviy ^- 
xotio-t ri i*ip«t, OKwrTrtp T^f vovaov e^atpoVfKvof Koi a^av 
4 Toi'iSf hrtKoupii] KQTe KoX it fifUprjv rijv OTjiutoiijv 3<w- 
caro.* ■no\Ko'i<Ti hk <^6^<k fWi ok eiruvrof fftjpuM, f/ o'Mijf 
^ayraatT], itai otrrM icartTrtaov. 

Av Bi T^ truftaciri avaiv&^te^ ftiv Keerat toyBpayiro^, 
X^ipf^ Si ol ovaafiw ^vyipj^oyrat, aieiXea ov SutweirXirf 
fifya ftovvov, (iXX^ T^8e Hwiuae ffaXKofieva avroK avh 
T&v Tfyoyrwv, fv^arfftivoiat ravpoiai ffit iKtXii ^ fvft^iY»j" 
aux'/y ayjniXm, KtipaX^ itouiiXoK tiatrrpo^tor ftXXere piy 
ykp it TO irpr\vit TO^tneu, e&r« « tA aripyov fj yfyv^ 
ip€tS(i, SWore Si is ro f^erd^ptvov dytutXartu, Skcih rote 
avo T^t KOfif/t i\KOfuvoitri fiij), ct^c hfda ^ fV0a iirl tolv 
Afiovt i^yet- \daieov<Tt ftiya, arofia ^phv, fXaaaa irpo- 
ft^Kijt, <W Kal KivBvyoy rpatfLaTo^ iK^i\ovfirfV(a6eu,fl diro- 
TO^^C, tl Ktm avtUTfiifi (vytpfiffowty oi ohayrft- i^&ukfLoX 
iyitStinifUvo*, fi)J<f>apa ri iroX\^ Si^i^a fuf KraX/t^ ijv 
Si hrtfivaai xori iffiXouv, oil ^fiffdWovffi rh ffXei^apa, w» 
Koi ra \a/ied 6p^a$at «'f vjra^'uruxt. o^piipi <if\\ciT( p.iv <« 
TO fuao^voy aveifUyat,^ ofMt toc; ^aXnra/viyi'O't, oXXoTC 
a ^ ToiK xpord^vi auniyp^vai, n^XXof rt /toXXoc, ms -ro 
S/f>^ TTepi Ti fUrortrov tr^uSpa vepimdffOai itai r&t toO 
fieao^pvou pvriZcK i^aXfj^i^ffaf f^Ka ipvOpa, waXKofieva' 

' The cOTniuon rtailiiitt in the 

irti|i- 'iwiruru. In llic mafiinof itiA 
(diiion of ]l<3ilwli •Kt fiud ^fiipiivt 
iihich is sdoplFil by Wigoii. Bc- 
neritis tranrjKuca ri)f from bvlbrc 

' Ur. KnueriiK, on pniis conjee- 

Vtti\ HihitltillrJ ivviJ'/lMivntt ^ 1 
Ihliik iii>n«-PuiiiUj'. 'Aoipi-ni mny 
U mMqnrlCtl lilcmlly, ■■ iuclining," 
I.e. "(tnwD ii]i<ii'ftniK" See Fokb 
(Ec. tlippocmt., uiiiJor avtoTiToi, 
Wuul'l nut inlfuviu bo a nuilablo 
raAd'niC? 1 liii<« irantluwd tti« 
poiugD accsrdinglj. 



irXarfta amrffUva, e&r* tow* oSovvi Wtpntit-ertUf Toitrt 

'Ev aijfy Si ToO KtUCOU Kol W(\lSvOT*)i To5 irpOfftiiVW 

vpoirylyveTai, &fftl»v i&v iv r^ avj(4yt Suiriuric, ui iv 
WTi7i i^vif), avauT$f}ali}, luu «" i^eya ffi^ofj'r purfftif Si 
Koi orn-OY/^f V <^'^. «" V iyaTrvai] Trvif, w away)(Ofievtp'* 
ofj)vyfuti aipo&pol nai Ta^c«<r, leeu afiucpal cV 7^71 ap^0at' 
fifrfiiXai &i Kol /ipai^ Kal vtoQpoi htX t^ T^<t, araienn H 
i<t ri> ^voXov ai&>i<av ^virrturi^. toZs ftiv oiv ft WX05 Tijs 

Hv £j ft S/^oiv A^tKvidiVTai jov Kojtw, f^pa avTOftarit, 
Koi\ii]v •mpiftXvffi^' ftcre^crepoifft he koI <yov}v a-Tro/cpurK 
T§ 0\l-^i icai vUat Twv ott^/mI', ^ yaprfatua/J^ tow iruvou, 
Xol uypatrii^V trpoKX^t. fir/voyTai fip tv Vfvpoiat ir&vtn 
KoX rwrSe. arofui Bivypov, ifiX^pa iroXXei', rra)^ ttaX 
>^vj(po», Koi ei ^XxoK airro, «ri fia\Xoy iv vX^Bot avrtou 
fiTjpinraw. ^f Si j^v^ luiKp^ km trovp ttoXX^ fipaa$^ 
/Lev TO evSov toO StaptjKoi;, irvevfia Si eyKaTfip)(0iv rd irdvra 
veitry, trTTcurpi^ Si Koi rdpa^ot twv owtc'wv Itf, tcXvSmv Si 
vypiy avoTrXJ^ ft t^c Sunrvoa^, aropa xni piva, <nv vyp^ 
Si T& TTyfi/fiO, ayfaii &i} t^s irpoaBtv irvifuxj airdvniv touct, 
i^poy Si aTTOTTTvovai Sttrrrtp hri tow-* fteyoKatat mvvjtaat 
^ $dXaaaa t^v Sx^"'"* ^^ ""* t^^vtirTavrai STjOfv in 
T^tjevrtfaaVTot lov itaKoCr ciri Si tj5 airoTTai/fft ytoBpoi ri 
/lAm rd irpana, Kapij^apiKoi, StaXeXvitevot, irdperoi, u>j(poii, 
Sva&viwi, KaTi)if)(ei, Ka/tdr^ xai oiV;^iivp toD Zeivov. 

* Till) coininon kmUo^ tieCon) 
Enocriiu vm ml ^ iri>it I han 
cheorfullj luluptwl, aim. hla ciuuii- 
dntioii of vvj/ilis 'III" />"r^At> OS 
(uggiMMjl I'j Petlii mill oiilj won- 

der thai neither of them ndin to 
t)io Eamcnldc* vt jMcliylu* (1. UC) 
M ■□ autiKuit}- for ihu invsniug of 
lliu term. 
' llwnvr, nioiL ir. 431, (' f). 


Kt<f>. 7 . TTe^i Ttravov. 

^vtuTfioi o{ riraiw, itapra ftiv hri-novm, ofiiroTW Zi muyiu, 
irhp ovBi ptiiSioi Xvdi7Viai, fivmv T&f 4v yyd0ot<Ti KaX Ttviv 
•mv TtiBe tradtar ^wZiiol Si tJ KtuAv eh ri watr STravra 
fap ^it-rraBia ttJo'i ap^^i yvyveraf IB^ Si t^c f woX*^? 
ioffi TpfU' ft evffv, ^ TO KaTOTTiv, fc TOVfivpo<T&ev. ^ €vdi 
f*€V 6 r^ayoq, eSrr affTpa0r)^ &v0ptffjrw Koi axafiirrjv Att* 
TOTot" at Si if Toinriaio, ^ ^ rOvfnfpovQev ^woSxaX ^iiv rp 
Tdai «il T^ j(top[tf tffj(pvfft rrjv itrlic\i}<Tiv. t^v /li*" 7iA/> 
ncoToirii' rov viKr*0VT« ^(^\j<r(i' vmaGorovov ledKiop^v, twv 
T^Se ffCTToi'^oTwv vciipuv. iftvpovffirovov &i, fjy ft roi;^ 
TfpaaSev «o/iin}XXi7Ta* Stv6pta^o% ^\ TtiUn Trpoafffv vtvpotirf 

Jlpo^date^ &i ravBe fivpltu. mil yhp iirl Tpd/iori i^i\i- 
owft yiyvfff&a* iifUvo^, f) nvS>v, ^ rcvpotv tvycvTOJV, tSrc tA 
iroXXA Ov^aieowrt, i'Jrl rpatfunt yip <rtraafu)^ BavAatitor^ 
ffirarai S« xo! ^l at^Katfiarri t) tw^, i!t^/i mi t}fic o£ /MJXa 
vtptylyverat. xaC rev vaia^yroi; fteyiiXoK rov avj(tva 
furt^tpot ffTT&iTtu. KaX ^wf te Si icdpra i<r)(upi} ylyvtrai 
airii]. Sut ToSt X'^f^ f^" f^'"^^ vavrwv rltcret raSe tA 
ifaffta, Htvnpov Bi ^p aw ry /tmnrtupfi, 0ip<K Si i^KurTa, ti 
/iii Korap^ fp5}fta ^ vowrow iXXoSoirwv hri^it(rf ymtiiim 
Si ivSp&v trruvTM /w fiaXXoy, Jr» -^^vxpal- arkp aJSt 
irtptyiyvavrat /iaXXop, Irrt vypaL ^Xinla* Si, irai&t<t fiiv 
owexc?, a>X oil ftaXXor Ov^HKouat, Sri fiiy^tf« col «jxf»m' 

KOWTi, ix/ul^fTK fyuara- y4pom^ Si vdyriov fiaXKo* koX 
•jTMrjfpWTt KoX 8vi}<ritovoi. turi^ yap ^tJ^iv tat fijpon/f 

' Hippocrtt. Ajili. T. S. 


yftkea, tori fi^v S/t^ h ^i> fMiiwdtra, £>A«r€ ££ ^ ri 
TrXarfta airrufUya, e&r< rouri o&ovirt mpVTflveTtU, toXvi 

'Ev at^ Bi TOW KOKoO <al irtXtSvirfii tov irpo^anrov 
vpotrfOyveTai, a^eloiv vSiv iv r^ airj^ivi SiaraaK, (u* ^y 

/teyiiXoi Se xal ^pfi&^ icai vtaOpol iirl Tf> rAft, draxTat Si 
if tit ^vyoTtMV ai^itav ^vyraam. ToSe fiif ovv ^? rfXat t^? 

*Hv Si /? S<tx(7iv a^iityfayrcu rov kokov, otipa aiTofiara, 
JCaiX»}9 irepbrXvaK' fierf^eripotat Sk koI 701^; avoicpiaK 
Tp 0X1^ ical vtiai twv ayyfwf, ff yapya\tv/i^ tow Ttotw, 
imI CrfpaviTji •npoKk^ai. yiyvoirrut yap iv vtvpoiai vitvoi 
xai rwait. vri/ia Sivypov, ^>Jyfia woXXiv, va)(i> koI 
•^vxphv, itaX tl fXKOti aiirit, ^t fi^Witv &v irX^dcK airriov 
(wipvaato. f}r Si "xpoy^ fuutp^ leai iroff) ttoXX^ ffpaaOy 
ftev ra tvSov tov Stopt/Koi, m-ev/ia Si eyicaTfipj(0ev ra iravra 
oetaji, trTToa/iat Se Kai Tapajfov t&v auritov eg, KXvSoty S^ 
ifypitv avawXij) et rd? Stairvoai, trrofia wtt ^Iva, <rvv Oyp^ 
Si TO wirei>i*a, awff(9 Stj r^t ■jrpoc0ev wi^uk liiravrtoy eoute. 
&^pw Si aTrotrTvavai mcnrfp ejri Totiri fieyiiXoufi wevftaat 
if BaAMOffa rijv ajry^jv'^ tvre «wl f^aviaravTut S^&iiv (W 
rtSiVTijaavrtK too icaicmr <Vl Si tjj uTronavat veo9pt>l tA 
/t£\(a TtHvpSyra, Kapt)^aptKoi, SiaXeXu/ieyoiiirapfTot, irjfpoi, 
Sva0viM>i, Karrjifieet, Kafxartp Koi al<r)(yv>} tov Seivov. 

* Tlio coiiiiiion WHiHiiK before 
Eniii'riin viaa tal ^ iri>i|. I hm-c 
chocTtHiII/ udoplotl. oImi, Ii[ii vnjr.ii- 
duliou of wyitii iiilo pvfpii^, an 
cuggcitcJ liy IVUli and oulj won- 

der (hai nclilicr uf iliuui ittvn W 
ths Eiimunidu of ^j^cbjlux (1. 1 16) 
u Hu nuihurily for thiit laviuiiu^ uf 
the tcniL. 
* liomcr, Iliad, ir. 411, at Mf. 



vtr iv 

Korovty KtK\aafiivat, ax^i-ea ^vyKtKaftfUvtr ivarrloK lap 
Ir/v^ij Karoviv' mftTrrfrau 

'Hv Si rv TO e^TTpooGfv !\KwvTtu, Kvprol fiiv t^ vwra, 
iir Icmy roiai ftera^pcvotat ray lo^uuv (^<ii>6evft(yotv pax*9 
5X1; ^« ev$v-^ Kopv4>h ■T/wjvi)?, ite^taKi) « 6<i)pi)Ka awyotv- 
laJia, 7«Vu? ^i TOKT* arfpvotai vtm/yvia, x*'C** avyijpfta- 
Itevat, a-xiKta iiertraixiva. vovot xapTtpol, ^vi/ airavmv 
kkavd/KuSrif' tneva^avat Bi /iv^oyrt^ ffvBtov. ^v ftiv ovv tow 
dfaprjito^ Koi TTJ^ avairvot}^ Xaffr/rai to ncofcov, prii&ioK Tou 
Jt*" aiT^a/yr ayaOov fifv t«3 voofovri er vovav icai Sta- 
ffTpo^TV Kot ai'irjfiVij? diraX>j*Y^i', aXfirorepoi- {i «al rotai 
irapfovat, icfjv vt6v, f) ttariip ly. */v Si €« to ^/v eri BtapKtri, 
T^ Aravtotji, ti Kal nudj-i, ffvyreKovftivnt S" oSv, if ri 
wp6aff<v ou To^vyrm pivov, aXXii, xaX c^cupovrrat, w Ttji' 
KftftaXiiv *Ve tomti fovvaai ^ety, «o» tA aKfXta Kol ra vSrra 
it TO -wpiaOtv MK\dff0at, OHt Boit^iv it tyvvijy xari y^vv to 
&p8pov i^aOai. 

'EUayBpwifot ^ vvp^p*!, xal artptri)!; piv »J ^«, oSwtj/jf; 
a xol Ty ipiatrrt 9hi' <lwj*«rTo»- {J to Setvrfi'" ayvtaaia Si 
inro SuurTpwftit<: xal toi? <f>i\T(irois avffpumoii' ei'x') Si roiai 
vaptown i; vpovOty ov\ otrt^, vvv aiyaSt} yiyve7<u, cv7Te\$4- 
fuvat Tou ^iov Tov Kaynwra, it dvaWayijv fii- t^ pji- itai 
TWK vayuv Kol Twi' aTtpTTtwy KOJcSiy. ir&p otiSi hyrpht 

aptiav Kal op&av, owtc « 5*'^''i °^'^ ^' iwoyiiv, iriip oiJt< 
^rft pop^ijv frt ivapKiu. et 7^ /fo! t-rrcv$vvat iOiXoi t^ 
/tiXVt $i»"tt Of EwT^tJIoj «a2 Kara^at tov ayOpcoitov. TOict 

' The commou reailiiiK. ■""'!•■ n, 

b obrinluly ol fiiuli. The prcioat 

rfwiliiiS ioUupiud b; Enm*Hii>i,»iil]r 

tuinp: Ijyi'f ><■ place cf lyvi<ri. Still 

, tbon ii wmcihing mualtaru-ior.v in 

F^ptied, In itricuioM, to the bock p«n 
oTilie thigh at iu towur extremilj'. 

■ Ermrriiu adopt* tbil fftdina. 
panlj on tfie tugs^ioat of Petit, 
luiil |iartl}' frain tlio muntin of llv- 
nUch. ll it v^to Ilio rcAdini; uf tlie 
Aakcn MS. Tlic coumiuii rmditiu 
l» Uni. Nfillicr llic one nor the 
aihcr if quite uttutovtorj'. 


irfp^i aaiyiarefioi tc Kai aa^aXiirrtpoi ti^ xiySi/vov o2 

Sweart ftif avtiot^u, a0phov fthi tlpijtrBai, &va9i iro»w9 
«ttl ivTovti jfvovTtav Ktu pdj(toi, KaX fivSiv ra>v iv yvaSoMTt 
Koi 0<d>pi)iu, ipe&tvai yip t7)v icOizto yivvv trptK T^v dvm, a*i 
fujSk fWjfKotaiv ^ a^ijvl £ui prfiZUa^ irr^treu hivturBat. iiv 
£e xoi. ^iy iiarforfiav "TOUf oSovrov evara^ tk irfpov, ov 
KaTaTttvovu'i, uW" tKj^^ovffi, ij iv rp aTO/*ari tuyovfft, t) if 
ris ptvav uvaxoTrreTiu, 5 re yap laOph^i avvfpu'&crai «oi 
ri TTapiffff/tia axXtfpi Kai evTerafifva iovra ov ^vfiviirtet 
€& T^v ev&Kf^iv ToC KaraiTivoiiAvov. -npiawTra epvBpi, 
iTf7ToiKt\fieva, oip6a\jiMl ftiKpov tiiv artv^, /mIX« vepiSf 
Vovfi,€VOt, ITVI^ liryypi), avavvoi) icaxi), ^etpitv leal irxeX^y 
Ta<T<?, five^ vaWo/iet'ot, irpot^taira iroiKtKm'i Siiicnpo^, 
fiijKa Kai x*'^^*" fponat^ta, yivv^ vaKKofUfn), ohiivrtav 
Spa^ov ^' <£XX^ S iv rwi xal ra uyra, iym &i iB^eCiuiiy 
xoi iBtovfia^oy. oZpa etruT)(pp.(va fJ'^XP^ Buaovpii]<! xaprep^, 
j) avTOfidrwi iic^eofieva BXiSoftevij^ t^ xttrreot. rtiZe /liv 
o5c f uf iraoTi tBeri airavp^y. 

Ifita a iKatmi^, reravov ftiv ^ ^ tiOii dwoTaaK oXou 
lurrpa^tlt vuvrq Kai iucXtvij^i, eiiBia Si xai o-kcXes Koi 

'OTrurBoroviK Bi Koroiriv ayarvXX*! thv AvSpiBvov, oi« t^i- 
xt^XijV uvaKfKXaafUyrjy fttctnjyi twv (ii/i.07rXaT<iuv KeeaBat, 
fipoyyot *f^ei, ^evw xi 7o\XA hU<rTaTm, airaviov he e&rc 
^wepeiSei rf) avoi, potj^ftct ij dvauTo^, Trpfwrert'es xotXi'ijv <£at 
6a>pi)Ka. otpov Tovrioiai ^XXof aKpar^t. eiTvyaarpiOv 
eirtTtTafUfOV koX, tl eniKpovait, ivT]j(pvv xttpe^ ev eKraot 

* "yhf rommon reading » OavSrou «o m in prcHluco a etiiUiMc raiding 
4 ^''"ic* lo which Ermcrina oiliU witli lilllo violence Ui tliv text. 
^t, whieb I htrc aiilislilutvil fur ^ 




' airiif iShtf rol? l^toOtv airiot^ Ev^i. ^\ol ^ffttpovrev 
lata$ev wu ffwffev- dr^p xai vovtrat ^apiidmun SrjXffTtf 
piotat tictXeu, iiai atro tfrnp/tdievy ifUovrrt okom irvprraiV 
e^vata. o$ev oyS" oTTtoueiK (v r^ \oifi^ t^J iv 'A0ijv^<ri 
fiTTt^ipaw &OKitw «iV rk ^piara iv r^ Uetpaui inti IJe- 
Xowontjuiw ifi^K^^Ocu ^apfioKa. oit fAp fwviWiW 
&v6puurot TO {wof Tov itaxau tou XotfuiSfof irp6? ri SijXi;- 

Svvtart Si Touri ftiv Kwarfj^ntoliri <j>XtyfiOvi} vapiaOft&tr, 
t^apvyyidpov, h-ovtos toS ffTo/iarot. yX&ffffa vpvrerfjt 
inrip TOT>? 6&dvTa^- iral tA ^IXta- tneXo)(6M. iftXiyiia irayy- 
Tarov, &fmppiw KaX ■^\/)^ov ipvBpoX rk vpoaanra, mi 
hnjpfi^ot, o^OtiXftal «^ur^o>TCf, avmrcTee;, i^pii6pot' li 
voriv ft tAs piya>i ivtucvrrrt-Tai- ir6vM imprfpoi,, aXXA Kat 
irtro TTfi TTviTov trwSiMKOfUVOi. aftavptwvrau 0a>pT]^ Kal Kap- 
Bifj <p\^f7af iro$r) ^ru^oC tjfpo'f fUnrv^ovai &( ftttcpav 
Tr4yv, fi re xal avemt^O^ay, (ft^paf^do^'i t>}s « tov 
SnpHKa StoSou. MouTt S< ft trveiiiova ^ ^vvSoaf; ^^^w 
Ot £j fMToaTt^t Oy^OKovav wp«ro\ yaSpol, fxaXaxoi, oiiSiv 
ai^Xioyrf^. tl S* Tp ft li^a^o^ rpeiroiro, airoindaiei yiy- 
VQyroi lv6a icaX h6a Trap' oh i^, 1} tvSor ft t^ vapiaff- 
fua' lefiv ftiv fw rapxy, W "^p^a fipaSiai'i, vtpvyiyvovrtu 
fiiv, f iif vov^ a Hal Ktvtw^- ffv Si rpeirofitvtov ft iirotrra- 
oiv iyKOt fU^v imv/ifvrfTeu, ft Kopvipijv t^9 airoffrao'toc 
^ivra/i^riit, affpoov mrirfoyrtu. raSe liiv tA <fiTii7xf* 

E«rt'"TX»JS Si, aVfllTTtlttrli, MT^^lWTje, (I';t(>0TI)9 <7WW«Tf 

i^ffaXfiiM kmXm, tlaw Stivieorer ^'ipvy^ Kal yapyap4»r 
avioiraufiivot, vapiaffpua ftrt fiaXXov irpoai^VTa, d^iwvii]' 
TTi-lf ^ ToOSe Toi/ eiSfov t^? Trpoa0w iroXXw ti lepaiator^pti, 
ir StipifM ionm TOV muhk!, ei^a 1} «pX^ ""^^ dcoTrw»7r oi 
Si j(i>raTO( ft^JffMiw* airrr)pMp, 190' Stnj «r<il irptK «aX#- 



AtriSavov yap irplv •) ror Irirpor ^1 f^X'V j(fi^<Toa0at. 
otcoaiK a ^ aya0ov rpiirerai, esrt^XeyfuUva vavra, n Sirtp 
is TO !^ ^ if)\eyfu>vii i^teietiXet, a>i Kvv^y)pjy «iro awayj^ 
ylyi'fv0M* dyadov hi leal iv Owpr^Kt oil»)fia itafmphv, jj ipv- 
<rtV<Xav ep^avito^. nat, itjrpoi; Si ayaSo^ r) ffiievr) fK tov 
Bm/npat ri kojcov av^aye, 17 alinprt *? ri aripva lua «V tA 
irapit. yvaOow pipta ivtfftiv, ttkKuaf t^ Koi Biiwevae 
/*cT«frr^/)ow* &i ^? ftiy ffpaj^ ri kukov i/ira rotrreuv atre- 
\a6f) t^at, ^irerod^' Si oBpoa^ eira\ivSp6p))i7e xo! nrfi{e.' 

IJpo^>aate<t 5* pivpiai, ^tjf(« /laXXov, ^aaov iitieaiatfi, 
irktyaX, 6<rThov ij(9iitov hiairapaie^ ei ri -jrapladpia, ^^V)(p0' 
iratritu, fie0at, vXijtrpoval, Kal ra airo t% riconToi}? leaKa. 

K«fi. rj . Tlfp\ Ttov Kara ttjv KiovtSa wa0<ov. 

Ti airi r^ UTrefwij? iicKpfpo' a£tpa trrtppov, fUffrfyii t&v 
vapio0pC»y, nlmv Kal yapyapdtv Ka>Jertu. ara^vXt) yap 
ird&(6t ioTiV ouvofio. veOpov 5e' eo~r( fj kiovk t^' ^mtiv, 
aW Oypov iv yap vyp^ ttierai jftupiifi. o5e o5c 6 yapya- 
ptwv TrXevva irdtr^t vdStct. Kal yhp itri ^}^pov^ iraxv- 
vcTOt, »ff04 airo t'}« ^datof &j(pi toO Trfparos axpov, iirtp.-^ 
*ijs yi^ffifKvo^, Kal fpvQi^pa Itrj^ft. Ktuv Si rovSc rov irdffttK 

' I liBTC rvllvwril Wi|>nn ami Kr- 

■ncnni in intcrrhmiijirig tlic plofc* 

of mvayx^ •'"' ""'"yx^ "* ^"^ 
MutHl In nil tbu MS& I hnrc also, 
like ihcnii lubslituleil imtiait fur 
it6inn'i oil J liikva odilril it licforc 
Smp, oti tlic nutliurily of EruFriiu. 
B'lt nil ihi* |>alrhiT(frk clill Ii'jivi^h 
ihe iK-'iitvnce jii n T«;r unmiliBriictory 

* Brmoriii* bai Kiilwliditrd the two 
wonli aliovc Tor diriruOif oiid iiro- 

\v6iv, wlui'h luiire no proper lisnl' 
flution in [hjji jJaCR. It miiHi lie 
■ilmittvil, IhRI ulihciugli iitanc im- 
prnvcmpnl, (ho •iilitiiiaicil lonns nra 
liiil ijuile tullulilo; u it can iciirccly 
be uJil, ilim ttii iiiUhriiul iliRoaac !■ 

■' driven outwjrda" bj- nn cxtOniBl 

> Tliccommnn rcjullng U tiriii-qb. 
Tlio (illm worl occii™ iu thL' Coder 
miipp„ and ii no douhl ihn tni« 



^ iwiKXijvK. el meri irtpoi fiauvov arfnyf/vX^^ereu, Kal 
fKyiOti wt\iSvii yiyveToi, itoi irrro/itXavi^tt, ora^vX^ cmo- 
vv/My roSe to TriiSos. Trdvra yip tiet\a avr^p, ital oyTJfui, 
Ka\ xpo*^! «" /*eyt0O9. rplrov v^txt itrrl iifxivatv, HvOa xat 
rv0a, oUv ti X«]r«a 7rX«reo, 4 vvierfpcSmy wripvje^ ix^aU 
vovrav ifuivrtov rdSe ncaXceroi. 'Viotrt ^ip fcfXae at twc 
^/lowv e*s wXriro? «|airX<wr«>f- " 8* 'f XeTrrov koI (Vfujmj 
vfiiva TvXawTrt xiovic, oIok Tt ovpiaj(ov Kara iripa<t Xc^wa, 
tepaaveiov t^v iTratwfihjv tff^i. yeyverat Se roSt Kal airra- 
fiidrtK f*ev iK ptvftartK, SKwirrrep Koi ertpa' atiip Koi airo 
rofi^i hrixapatr}^, iyKa-ra\m6vTo^ tov Itjrpov tifUva icari 
filav vXtvpt'iv. ^v hi Siicp6a vfieai Siaaourt tKKptiiiai h-0a 
(rat iv9a yirfvTjvai, tfOvo/Aa ^liv ovK t<r)(tt T«5e ■Kd$o% ?K&ri\or, 
avaVTi Si pt^wv SeiiOaftiV^ yiywaait&y, 

Hvi^ hi itr airrioi^t Tr&rt, koI ^Kurra ^tSCw xetravl- 
roxxTt. j8^f At! iraat /we, fioKurra hi evl roiai Ifxavriotait 
KM ivl Tore KpcunriiouTt. yapyaXic/iOV yap rij? apnjpii]^ 
OTTO T»v vfUrav ytyferai' ivff Smj hi km iyvrd^a n toC 
{r/pou XtWptj ii rfiv npn^ptiv, 5ff<v ava^^vaavat' erri hi tj 
trrtt^X^ KoX rnS ki'om Ocrfryota im\ fiSXXov, Kai KiipTa 
wonjpii Ka-rairotm. km yap « t«s ptriK i^rl rvySe tA 
vypov avaffKi0eTM, irv/itraffi^ t&v iraptaOfiwy. y)pau>tm i 
Kior avin}$iti, trra<pv\^ hi Vfouri koI oKftd^vtri- iraXvtufiot 
yap KO* iirt^\«y/uiir€* /laXXsv. i0doKOwn he Kot iraial tA 
iilurtoSia. TiiiiVtir hi xtitTa Aatyftr iirl hi tf trro^vXp 
j-ri ipvOpMiOD, atftoppar/it) km ircvot icaX ^tyfuiriji hri" 

' Hin>oFn)e«i Aphor. iii. S. Wa 
■tu iixirbicil lo Bmwriiu fur 


UJil-1 AinUN KAl £UUE10» 

Ke^. ^ \itpi Tap Kara ra irapitr$fua cAk^v. 

«v^6fa «(u iaivea, ra Si ^tv^, XotfuoSna koX itrtivovra. 
tv^dta fiif OKoia KoBapd etrrt icai afuiepk luti affaBr), oiiBi 
eTTt^Xeyftafvet, Koi ui^fi'a' \oifia^ea Sk oKuaa vXarco, 
KKnKa,, ffVTrapk, hrtwdyy Xevn^, fj irtXtBvif, ij fiiXavi awt- 
■}(6tixva: a^Bai Tovvoina touti ^Kxeai. ^v Bi Kal 6 hrnrarfoi 
^a-)0 0d$iK, eiTj(ap>i to ■KaSo^ koX etrri xal waX^troc ^i* 
KVKXft S« TJ;! eax'^pV^ epuQijiia ytyveriu Kaprepitv «a* <ft\ef- 
(toin) leal voviK tftXeffAv, wt eir avSpoKOi, koX fitxpi Si 
i^nvB^fuvra apcua yvyvofttva, hreira trpoaenvyirfvoiifva 
auvi'j^Oti re &v xai irXarv IXxo; eyivtro. k^v fiev « J« »V to 
imi/ut vipflfroi, «rl ri}V Ktoviha fjiei re fiiiv, icai rf}v a-7reraf*ev, 
ical ^« T^f yXwutrav iaKfSdaBr}, koI i^ o!i\a, xal ^ x"^^""^ 
xal iSovrei tKiv^Brjaav Koi fp-eKavQijaav Koi, ^ rhv ^pax^- 
Xov ^ ^Xeyp^vrj e^MKtt\e. xal oiBe fiiv oii voXvfjfitpoi Bv^ir- 
Kowi ^XeypMvg icai -Trvperoifft, xaKtoBCp Koi avoffirCji. ijv 
Si ^ rov $ii>pt]Ka vkpirTOi Zik rr)i apTt}plt)v, xal avr^pAp 
atrhni^. weiipMy yetp teal leapSi^, cure ofi/i^c TOt^irSe, 
ovrt (\ici»v, oSre i\mp<av ^vixovrm, uKKa ^^X^: Koi £wr- 
trvoiai yiyvovra*. 

AiriT} p,kv ovv Tw fpyov rwv vapiaOfiuav, Kardtroaiv 
y^vxp^""! '^ptX^^' ^^pp^v, o^cay, <mitf>6vrtiiv th'S* y^p tA 
p,ipta xoi BtMtpijKi eit ^yijv xal avawo^v, icai KoOUif et 
rpo^t Siavofiirijy, xal <rropjixp h icar&rroatv ButKovierai- 
«i &i Kal Toi<r( evSov rt irvfi^airi vixBtK, KoiXiji, xai crroiidxfj 
Kol StiptjKt, ii TOv l(r0fwy Kal ra vapiaBp,ta utii ra rySe 
Xnpia rov Kaicov ij ava^f^ xaX direpei/ftes. htA roSe TraiS^ 
ftoKiara trutrxtt axpK ^jSijs- ftdXiara yhp vatSia neat fiiya 
Kal ^^vxpoy uvafryiec rrXeXaTov yap ro Btpfiov iy rovreoiai.' 



'VX^ T^ avarfuy^v Ttui' irrv^Xtav 'ylyvTirat ital tSiv {wr«»- 
wiW«f kokSiv, /s t^c reviiapf<TK<uh^KaTJ}v Si^irieouau hff 
Sm) ik futnffu Tovriov tow ^ovov e^ Trfevfiiova •irdvjmy 
^vifSovK yv^verat. Duett yip wv€t//iav e; iuvrov, jtal ftavo^ 
Kai dtp/M/t iwv, xol ft o\it7]v rS>y vfX^f «»wi/;tevo?, eire 
ABpiov iweirfiytt &v0fiuvo<!, furra^naci tov ira^«w. ^v SJ 
ravTfiv inrtpfXO;] voaiav, xal eiri? cwoor^? /*ii ttwotftTjffKpk 
SfiWViK ytyivrai. ToSt pUv ovv, i)v €<t Koidtv iviBiS^. 

'Hv Ze hrX to ayadov rpamfrat, al/toppayli} Sid ^w&y 
Xa/ipMi, eire affpoov XCcrai ij fowroi" effertw ical vnvo<; leal 
ayayory^ ifykeyfiartuv, iirtna Se ■^(tiKuhiwv Xemiiv, ^i Si 
/ioXXoi' XCTTTtn-eptflV, avtftf Si iialpetv, ■jTa-)(iw, ffapicotiSimv. 
xfif ivl rSiv StaifMDV traKn'Spofi(p piv ^ ^o\^, iv avrij Sd 
^Xiypa, aff<f>a\fiv r} avoKaTtlaraaiT leal rtiSf, t}v t'eno rplr^^ 
'jpfptj^ ap^rat, icai pi]iSm9 avafi^fftrovat, Xcm, 6/ui\A, 
(ffpi, (oi) crrp<ffyv\a.* iv iffSopijv yip Ka$iirravTat, e&re 
<fal xoiKCf)^ imapax^^^^ xo1>Mtianf, acaTrvo^e «aTtw-ra<7<«, 
yw^if) (v<rra0f}V, wptrol evh^oviv^, evtrnof ^v S« airo tjjv 
Sevrfpr]'; IfiSoiitiSoi raSt ap^vrtu, ft Ttjv reatrapeaicaiSticarT^i' 

'Hv Si pj), th ipmvTjpa rpivenu, t&re fiiy&t eyBeUwrat, 
irovof ivy/«»T«o8«?, avaKoSiyvvcOai OiXovei, dvatrvoi) KtucUtV 
Siot TOTc futXXoi' pti tryeiiptev affpoov rb irvay (XjcOffav I'nro- 
trvify Toi- avffpwvov, rit vpSna itai ra f*tl^ SuvfivYoyta 
Koiai. flr Si ft TO fLttnfyii Twi- irXnpmv pi^, tal huur- 
Tijfffj TtiffSe, MiX j€opv^j)v ft tA ffw irpoffaXrira*, ff ft Ivrtpov 
ivptyf^, Tfl woXXi irtpiyiyverat 6 uvOptotro'!. 

Hp<i Sr Tj;i' KJiro-oc, w^f piv, ■)(ttpi)V pa>uaTa Trdyntv, 
tevrtpoy ^tvoirapov, ^ S< ^p'ov, ^v /iij xort ^^i^t/joi' 7i7- 

* Tim ncgntlTC mcou to be itituireil burc See Petit and Enncrin*. 



wpi/uuna yap iorra tA SXjita vptuTefnriirpaTai vxro Oipfttft 
TTJit ttvaifvoij':.* ffp^yxot, a^eoyitj, koI rd&e hrl -ro mucior 
ivelyti, evre adpooif Karaveffovm tU ri)v yijv e^iXtiroi'. 

K€0. t . Tlepl TlXevpiTtSof. 

'Twi T^tn vXaipfjat ical tj} pdxei xal r^ ivSov O^piiici SjfP^ 
mXci^mv Ci/xijv Xejrrot uparaw vriarptcnat, roiat oarioun 
trpofTTre^vKW, tiiTt^iuicuy! rol/yoita. (5& en^f 0Xcy/m>v^ 
yhtfTat, irvp ^i/v ^)^ ical ^rrvaXoivt vouciKoiai, vXtvpirtt 
til vdOot Ko^Urrat, ^c) ^* raOra aXXi}Xourt ^wwSa Koi 
^vfvirna tftfuvat, iiro ptT/v (uW>}V fv/iirovra' oieioa yiifi 
Tovritav cvopa&tv oKKo inr a\\t}^ alri*iv yiyverM, *>;v ri 
vdrra Sfia ori^cnjtrp, ov xoXttrai ir\<v/j(TW fweoTi 5^ 
TTOVo^ ofv! icXtiiStaiy, irvp ^p*t*v, KordicKtatit «ri luv n^ 
^ihjeyftaivovaav irXei/p^k ev^poi' iv ^pjl y^p t^ei Ty £wv- 
T^ou i/iiiM' ei« Tfl itrixetvn ti ivrti>&vyo^' tnri yetp tow 
&-)^t<K KaX T^ 0X€7;m»v>}! *tai T^? i^apT^mix avorerarat ^ 
oSiJ^ ^Xf^' ''^^ ftirii(ri;<; ^ffo^M^ tou vpAvot e; lopov^ ictu 
KXijtSav, perf^fTtpotfft 8e ical e<t vSna itaX c; ti>p4r«\<xTriv. 
vwtmCtiv t^v he vXevpZriv hcoKeov ol ■ffpotrffev,^ irap^Trerat 
a BOtrmoia, wYptnrvCt}, diroatrir), p^Xav tpvOt}fia ^tuipiv, 
j8^f ^ptj, TTTveXa poKit dvayofieva, tfikeypa i; xo\uS<^, ij 
SiaipMy KaToKopemi, f; wrofavtfor icai T<iSe Toftc ov« itrxoma, 
SXKore SI aXXa ivu^erioyra xal diroyiyvoptva' Kaictov Si 
dirdvTtov, ijv TO iiatfiov (KXehrt/, yiyvovrai Be vapti\r)por 
«<7Tt 5' OTS ical «(D;*OT<»S«ef , »tai «^ t^ Ka-a^p^ vap<iij>opot. 
*Hv /*€v oBi' <« lUtKof TpeTnjrai ^ wjCffor, Wt^mv Arl to 

* Wig&n uiil Ennurias ruul 
^f^fi^C rijc ^f<iirt^>^g'i Uut tltc a1- 
tivMioa KCIII8 to am umidled 
ftc. I ilioald pntDir tri Tqi' 


' Jlippocrai. do Horliui, iiL 16, I. 
vll. p. 144, ed. liuti. 






Ilipl Ai/uzrnc 'Ayajiuyijt 

Hlpt £uyE(nr^c 

llfpl Kainuv 

Ilfpi XeXiptic 

Hipi Eikum 

Dtpi rvv tari ri Hvap d^iwv vaOur 

Hipi rqc Kara riiv KoiXijv ijiiijc vouoou 

Iltpl Tuv cara ro^c N(0pa£ic 6Kiaiv iraBiiv 

Ilipi Tiiy tarit TJ^r Kimir dCiuv irsOwv 

Uipl Zarvpiqtfiwc . . . ■ 






i-WTO" $ipo<; Si i^tuVTa- ijXm^, wpwrov Twr £>Xi>v voir- 
j(ovat yipovrtv, oi mi) fuOOMv iriptiv ri waBo^ &u^tSpd<T- 
Kova^. o&re yAp fuydXjf &v yi'/votro <fiKej/tmn) tv ^p^ t^ 
ffictjvei, o&Tt « irvfVficafa ^ tifratrraaK. ^irywrepo? y^ 
i) #iri (!XX^ fjXMtitiv, Koi avairvoi} ff/tucpi), nai ^ 6\jc>i dtror. 
Tuv oXiyt}. viot hk Koi o! M ax/i^?, ovfioKa ftivirairxovat, 
drip oiiSi fiaXavtpiyvyvovreu' oiyiip hwiraSoiev hri a/uKp^ 
otTiji oiSi oftucpi]y ^A^ftovijv* iirl Si rotfft //.tyaKoiai 
/xti^utv 6 itlvBwov- iraiSev ffKurra voiriovai vKevplriv ariip 
KoX ^aaov 6Wi<TKouai. to. re yixp tfafuxra futra, koI t^ v^p^ 
evpoa, Kol iroXX^ 1} Sunrvoij xai avo^p^. 66(V owSi ^teyuX? 


' Thia in tha naMng m the Aikcw 
MS, wliicli ie sppruvwl uf bjr Knso- 

riiu. Thera nio eonniilamblo tktW 
tiunn iu till] otlicr oJititinii. 




Kt<f>. a. Vlfp\ Ilv(vnovtt}9- 

Av6lai Touri wptirroiat, Tpoij)^ ttal irveuiiori, rd ^a ^, 
Tmnitw a voKKov hrtictupoT^pii ^ uvairvo^. ^v 7^ irelajQ) 
Ti< ttfr^v, ov« ci'c fioKpav Biapxeaei, aXX' ainuca 0vt}aKit 
AvOpwrrot. Sp^ava hi fivpla, afij0 /liv filyev, 0S09 apnjptri, 
y^ipf) &i TTytvutav, Giitp^^ Si -Tiytvfiovov fpvfia xal BojCJ' uXXA 
tiWa fUv oKWi Spyaira ftovfov htaxovierat Tp f^' TrvtvfiW 
a Koi riiv oiTirjv tvyet t^? iX*5'' ivi^i yhp aMov fUaor 
oir\ayj(ov fffpftov >; KapSia, ^aitji Ktu avatrvo^t ^PX^- 9^ 
Hoi 7p TTvevpMyt T^? 6X«^? tou y^vypou ijip(K t^c ■jroO^v 
ivSiif^ rx^X«ytf( yip aMy, iXxtt Bi KopBit}. vparov 
nuyapovv ffv fHV 4 ""p^V vdd^, ovk cw fuutpov Tov ffavdrov 

'Hf Si -Trvtvp^v, iirl fjiiv fffUKp^ Tj} <Uri>i, Swnrvoia' {i»u 
jcaxwf, Oiivarot ^fJj«<rro«, ^c fiij rte axifiraf ivl Si fitiyaX^ 
TTiiBu, oxotov i) ifi\eyfiov7), wiy/iii^, a^vii, Siryoia, SXfOpo^ 
avTuM' ^t i^y f^ KoKiofifv vtpiW(vfiovit)V, ^X^/mvi^ 

ToD ■JTViVfiOVO^, fvK O^il ITVpCT^, t^€ ^UVtOTlV aMoKTi 



vfiTtu. K^v fiiv er evrtpor ^ itwrrir ri «wA rip irXcvp^ 
mfvj(tTtv6y wuoi', «« fiiy TO wapavTuca ip^Urav Avo t^ 
nrtfitavrnfftevitj^ Sum Be fmiipoxfioyto* Xayovaw n vXevfiQ, 
£XXi vtpiyiiyvwrtu. ijv Si i^ tdv irvtu/iwa ipfii}a^ ra irvoy, 
tlcli' of Atrerrviy7)ffav ttai a&patj eiejfwjt, xol avarfwfrfi 
ampiji. oxovot &i htaSi&pdaKoutn Tijr eic t% airopp^^tM 

lu6Urravra*' koX &ir<i fUr r^ &rwrTatTUK j>« t$; iftdoift 
'yfpoyrei ov irdrv to* tnpirfiyvorTair «jri &i t^ vtptmtv- 
/uanfn via* xol uxfMtt^iyyret. 

AtfUtm ^prp T^ Si^ trrifiaTOV ^Seot Sur ^ /i^ 2<^ o^- 
^lOToc ()iro m^oXtc ita« Toty t^« arfyeuar i£o^ ii inrtptirt], 
^pv^fiOpof, IvOa mu ^X"^ vtoftdyou luU aprripiiif. avar- 
yipifi^p^a* hi Koi ^f)^ <'M*^S **** vpox^tpirrip^ t? to arofta 
amptvyotrrtu to ol/ia* to? Tp 7« awo irrifutroi, oHe ard- 
'Xptfi'^i': trapofiofiTtl' IftirTv^tit fJSc xa\««Tai- en-i Bi f4a\Xor, 
fjv fipaj(h} 1} tpopij TvD a7>Miro¥, xo^ ttutSi^ xai uBpiiov amo 
■nfi M^aX^i ij uiro rw erri/iorot ^, oC kotc ukOToiY^ 
KoXt^TCM, iW' 1} ri dfiro, i5 ""TWrt,' ^ mfioppaylTj. 

'Hv 8< wipOff avlj} aim Aup^uro? «ai rwf Tg8« irn'\a7;^(o>', 
WMv/iWW, TpTO**V <V"?/"Vs. Twc irop^ Ti^v ^ax<*'> ^ "tJ 
tovtMh' ^^ ov itiWk, oXX' uvaytiTfij KaXiertu, rtfi &tM» 
r^MN T^ o&ni Tvvro^ i)(pvva.* 

Sftpifia S" (j^j^ir Ta /lo- ^wA ufUMpA icaX iraiipa, oKoaav 
tcai tA jffttpiov, ivOa ivol avoTivyQs xol irrwrto? ^ {vroTwytj- 

■Enaerini*a]ipr««M*4THaicM Uta to •xpnnga ttitM wonli, m 

I tliiiik, iinnrccwuil;. boini; b glcw on ibo tcxu IammiI 

* Wigiui in Dot MluHod Kith r$c of AcAt>% th!% I tliouM nubcr b« 

ifaiii uud SOMrint doOT DM be^ dkpovcd k> TMil, rv( l{^<!av. 


T^ Si iiedant^ XSta /teyaXa xai irvXX^ Kol hrUatpa, olctv 
ixaripi}!' ptilSiM Sta/fvvinu. f/v ovv liiro ««<^aXf)^ ^, (Vi 
^i- iraXXai T«i aifutrt i*4^ luu irX«» rk Trapeoma, CfMKftk 
Si ev oXiTD ical afjiixpy Tp irrvat- jSopof aireotvt, ttwik, 
&rtav ^o(, ipv0T)/jM •vpoaiimov, ^Xc/Swi' SKwroffi**, oirorrf- 
S^m• KoX Tpo TovTon' &i fi airii) twij/ww, irXijy?. ^wffe?, 
iyKavffi€v, olvo^Xuyirf 5& 7*1/1 adpoor vi/iirXfirt t^v iec^< 
Xijf, aSpoov Koi ^«X*** iKparfivTo^ ayytiow M, hk aftiKp^ 
lU$p vrutriei ef dpauMum- Xtrymii irort SiA ptySiv aifutp- 
par/t'if ^wi^Ot)^- etV VTrepMqv H rperofieyri avar/tuytj-; <}>aVTa- 
triJjv Trapejfei. ^v ovv diro Ke^dKjfi ey, yapyaXta-fuii irjrt- 
pmit, uydj(p€t*y^K WKini, teal evl TijSe »} ttjwk ffC^trai- 
6vi*o<t iyyiyveraif xal ei fidXa ^^aaavai, i^v hk ii rifv 
apTr]pii)v OTTD r'fi xnTepdfJii eapv^, tots ^ij<Tav)rr(<; avarfovav 
naX ^Se itrrl ^ tlTranj toliTt ^evp.ivoU7i utto mrXurfyyav 
t&V KiiTwOiV avd>y(a0ai. iap4tt Be Kal cV TOk aroftaxov 
^TtA Tijf KeipdKiji, riire fw i-aurt^ ip^iovcf fort 6* xol ^8e 
airdri), to; wire trrondyov ifitptaOcu SoKietv. fjv Be to airo 
T^? TTTwrioe al/uE, wa>(u fief ov adpra, Xpoiy Be fieXav, 
Xetbi', iftdXov, (ifii/yi^ erepr}': ovalijt. ^fpe/iirrofiivoiat yip 
tv$v^ itrl riiy yXuaaav epjferai orpiryyvXov, ptilBitai iwo- 
Xfo/ifTOv ^f Bi Kal rijy {nreptinjy icaOopei}^, Bamnipty Kol 
(fuaishea S^^at, Kal ra voWa 0<paip.ov I'ljTpi'ij Bk dpK&rtt 
airXfj, afiiKpi), trrvfifiara fth- ti rijy inrepiu^v, ka\ rdSe ^u* 
jfpii. ivl yap Tolai depftaiyovat urai roiat apaiovtrt leal 
evpwovai ij if>oprj p^^atr icai roBe to rlKfuip Ttfi am t^? 
Kf^MKrft vrwiof ii Bi Tijv K€'j>a\>}y «eviu<rK9 i) Bi^ tfiXe- 
0mv, ») Bia fity^(oy, ^ Bt ct^^tjs' $unn-o>/i, Koi rdBi j(pr} 
Ta-)(4oK Bpijv, i)v yap to aXfia iirl iroXKov y^povoy iji, /«\<tij 
ftiy iyyivertu Tp <fiop§- eflos Je rolai r^Be j^apiotai ^s iflrw- 
Be^V rov a^iutro;- cTucovrtu Be koI dprJjpia, Kai ^^aaovai 
oyri T^f ;^e/*^iOs'. TciiyreuBev he ^Bopij^ yir/yerai t) dp^. 



awo $a>pi}KO<; mu twi- vipdev wXAfxytDV aSftam 
4>oph avarftayij KoXierof itrrt S£ rmpra [ikv oXe&plri, ijy airo 
Tou TOK iiriiealpaiv ixpayh^tov Itj, ?) KoCXijt iftXeffoi tts iv 
KapSitj diro TOW tpraro^ Suucoi'fVfiivTiv to alf*a, fl tt? tJ 
f&(f;i;( vapoTfrafi^vris irax^ht apTtfpiijit. atfiopptv/t^/ yap 
iittoairtfi 4v <r^ys xai Bvottvo^ tixurrof ii\e6po^' olo'i hi 
dvA tryeifiovo'!, if leKtvfn)^, >) wjjTrjpiij! t^5 '^pVX^^Wi ^"ov 
fiiv o|«a>« ffy^KOvai, oi/\ j}KtffTa Be tftwcu xal iftffiatfv 
•fifvovTat. Tovriav X« AaSfvetrtipi} ^ anrit r^e Tpvx^^^ 
apnjpitj^- t^v Si avo ffroftiij^ov 1} i«»A.iii! ifihfrtu^ ovre 
Kopra 6\e0pi<uv ttTj(ovffi, k^p vdvv voWi} aifwppaylij ^, 
oOre Tf oKOt^K l*atpi) Kot vo^Ki'klf ijc it avit ^aro; Koi 
ffTrXtjvif, ov pijiZiti fiif, oiSi {wej^Js" ^« 7^f' tijc koPUtiv 
tcaX hntpa Touriwv ^ airoicptiTt<t irotftoripi}. ov /i^v ouSc ^ 
ivat6«v Bii wevfiovot Kal dpn)pij]t, dBvvarot, t; airurrof. 
xot yap iv wvperott ivi <nrXijFos xai ipraTot Sii pivwr 
aipoppayioviri, kot t^tv tow av\^f)(vou lov fivJeTtjpo^ 
piomot. -riirot fiiv ovv a^' ivTrtp t) drfwyj) oiBf Ktu 17 ^ 
KtwSwoi' 7 SXtOpoy St€ufx>p^. 

01 Si Tpovoi Tp«w iacf 4 y^p ^"o frii^UKi iyyttou, ^ 
£ia;9piwTio;, ^ upauixrto'i avtHyfrai. {njyvvTCU ftiv ovv ^fb- 
•irtvatw<t, 4 '"'X'JvS) ^ ivrdct ax^^of, tj AytaS'lafi,* ff dirh 
&<frow SXfiOTt, fl Kol 0o§, xal opy^ /MToXp, »} Tt^» aXXfl 
j/io^ a4V^, ei^c avrUa ivi t$ dpnfpia XJ/3/mk to nl/ia 
^Mj^HTai' ijv Si avo ^ptoatov, jfp'] ivavtptitT>}y, el more 
VpoaOtv tfit]^ wv0payBOV. 17 SvvTTVwt y^oyf, t) yavrt'tj, r) 
SfieriK ^TfXf "ff^ipw- iit yttp roMivhf itoXvxpoyUiv SuaOtfrat 
ra a^fyaa ^npari ^vvt^ii ical iroXXj! ko* hpifiii. ivtpr oty 

* The eonmton KAding i* iru6i- 
«». Emicrin* reads T; IvrAm ix' 
fc*c ^twWmi. ft V437 cijuIiocbI 
•mcndnilun. Hj- conjcciural rad- 

iDg, I fed confldeni, wUI be adioil- 
lod to I* ibe iras one by injr im- 


np.ri AiTinN kai niMKUiN 

iifi-rre)(OVTa Vfthta, rit aSfta iicjfitv ifhii^ ApeuMaut^ &f>pa- 
*ftft ftkvy Scd ToSc ofire iroXX^, <d/Tt a0patf, oUrt va)(io9 
atitarov apaimri Be twc ayyeioiy to Xcjttov avortdieTtu' 
^v Si iroXAok avXtaSiv iv KoiKtf J(^p^ ovOk avdytjrat, iro* 
j(yTtpov ftiv ioivTOv yiyvfrat, oir /iifv wa^^ KopTO, oihi 
fuXav, iitmov atiJta\a»fr- v>^lov Si tw v\i^$ei, ftif awi 
aSpoiffUK, tvStK iva^^pono. toS< t^ ftSot t% &yotyiit, 
yvvat^ &^ iititrav oil KoSaipofiivyai rtiie eviiajvui ytyveraty 
Koi iv T^ai avrpai irtptoBoiai t^? Kadiipaiot ivufMivtrat, 
xaX evl TJjflft irpoOefffiiyvi t^? avoTravato^ Xa^eriu' k^v f^ 
itifffj 1} 7WK9, ^ TToXA^v TtepioBov^ avriwepieuit ^ ivoftoy^ 
ftert^ep^ffi Si wu An^ppdyf ra. a^eia TfS TrXij^tt, 

Aut^pij T% dvwy&jy^?, «»1 tt ef apnjpiJj^, ^ if)\t0o9 
avdyoiro. fU\av fiiv yip Koi iraj(y koX prjihuoi irriyviip^ 
vov, f)v omit (^\<j3oc, xot fiaaav i% kIvSvyov ^hrttj ttaX evi- 
ffj(fTai daaaav. ^ &k iir apnjpity;, ^vSov Koi Xem^, 
md ou ftdXa •n-^ywrtu, teal i kivSwov atievrtpo^y Koi ^ inl- 
<rj(fc-K ov fiaXa ptjiSit]. ai yip Sioff^v^tev t^ Apr^pttit 
tupMppayit]^ irpoKXriaiy muotrrai, Kal to rpotfta m av/t^wi 
Tp voXvieivrjffiri. 

l^Xdc^if Se, ^ fikv (Tiro Sia^putiUK ftaKpij, xdi ov pfjiSir}, 
Mat a^'kepTi' vtio yap iWtlijrfcas e^ <ri(t,^v<Tiv to fXjcoi oi/K 
a^iKvirroi' l\ico<t yip, ov Tpu>fiA yiyveraf orl Si Tjct 
fn^^ttrt ^ avp/^wfi erotfutr^pt}, ^^vti yip ■iXXifXwv tou 
Tpm/wTOt TO j(€i\ta- lari ^« c5c ^ Suttfiop^ Sevript tv lUy- 
Suvov, mriveimiTjf Sk 4 ^^ t^"'' apamatw Iv^erai yip 
aifTOfunto^, Kal irjrpit] <rrv^K Kal Ik^v^i^ iKavt^. 

X'jIJMvreat Se Kal ol tuttoi, a<f>' tavTrtp uvurfprai. ^uvi 
yap troXXi <rri/x(M, Koi ^ dviin] pf)lSeii, xai irjrpit} eripit- 
mn OTOfiaxov p.kv o5k ovt€ Xlrjv (f opoMMrcof av^treu' q 
yip tSi9 ffprnfuiTtov tc Kal tcov wfuirmv ifri/^iv re Koi ctv<^ 

eSEOS lIAeilN, BIBA. B'. 


' vvKvaafftf &ytt rh fUpmr arrtip ovSi Sui^a<net ^we^^t^ 
e»ffl, Kairoi fia^Xov ttj? TTpoTtpr]^ ra yap avaBdievo^a twc 
JKV(id-n»v ou vpotriay^at ttoXKov j^fionVf iiW' jj dtrcirrvadfi, 
4 Stt]\a0ij icdrw. owttOnrript} Si VTOfta^y iorlv ^ p^^K- 
n oil* awoppa^ Kor(, ai/U)ppaiyitu av KOpra fifrf^^M, 
iiOHai ava GaipjjKoi;. l<r)(y&. yeip T^Sc ri tfiXtffia, VfuKptd 
Bi «al apnjpitu' iScij Si to alfta ou /cdpra /leXar, q inro^v- 
0OV ou KaToKopiw, \etov, ^ aUiKoto't fiefur/fiAvov, ^itv vavriy 
Kol ii*^^ iiwP(p6fUiW, ffi)^ fUKpJ), uKKcrre fiev {iff t^, 
£Wor< ii lUfvvt) &vtvd4y ^yarfwy^ ^wraKiuinopeti yap ^ 
ap/njpli) T^ erofidj(y, raparfrai^iyij Koi ^virqfLfuv^- &}^if, 
4 <mJ^W Tou SXKtiK iv\ TouTi KaTavivopevourr iroXXot- Si 
ftaWov, tjv ''ffv}ff>it itapra ^ dtpfta ^ oTpv^v^ erf eyytyvertu 
ii Koi v6vtK Tou arofiaj(pv, p-fTt^eripatat Si p&r^t /m-o- 
^pivoir ^/tero* iftX^futraiSfeV ivava^powrt Si /tort, hnjv 
cV pi}Ko<t V vowTot evnoB^f xai pi^my etj ^iroanit], vovritav 
ir\tf0o'i troKir tn/pffni ov fia)M ^Wfj(iev, dXA^ ptft^<a- 

'Avi Si xoiXhtc iivayoiTo piXav xai tniyvvfuvof, k^c dir^ 
ipnipirii y' ^t 5j airo ^tKe^tK, irtiW6v Tt pfXayrepav, voXAoi' 
Si Kai va/yerampov vmrrti) iroXX^ Kal c/iero; ^tXeypaTWf 
icai ^^pXwScvr, tokti vniourt 4rvpfuyyvp£voy to atpa, ^¥ 
vpofft0pmqt &v0p<6ictxt' iv yhp rij outj X^p^ Sp/^ &pa 
iki^tu Kai ^ Tpo<f)i) Kcu rb alpa. i^pev^ie^ voWai, fiptf 
fuiSttV- K^c piv ^oXX^ fvXXpy^, awopii], okotoSivov ^ St 
tfu9$ raSe, pri^ovat. ikKvrot, xawni^evt to ovp.itaii, irovof 

'Aiei> Si T^e Tptfj(tiitv apTt}pif}t iMKphv KoX trt^Spa faf^f 
ri> aJfia ttai fw (8i;xl avoTMMwf K^f pSj ur^fatvi Si, Sttjve- 
Miw fii'jffaovat' aladtioK Si xai voyov, lv9a i 0poyx9^> ^ 
fUMpOv T* i4p0tv 4 vv<p0iv' ifMinjv ^parfXf''^^- ^a^iei' 

'Hv Si ava invvpowi ij, adpotav ^ avar/orp}, fir! Si paXXov, 



<!^p£fic«, trrpoyyvXor, iwf HXXijv av aK\r^ avoffwyijv fiut- 

Mo^ avtvfonivmv 3XSa)- iraJ Zuurr^aat<: &y t« ^fi/itfuy/iiva 
ix vapa9iiTio<;, ok ovra fiipta dtopijietxr t^! fit Si t^tijv 
mtpKMiBia Boicoht'! &v v\fvpu>vov (/ifttvai fttpta 0atpy}ieo<t 
ffapoi, uTTOvCi, ^pv$r)/ia vpomowov voIOmv T( ftaXKov rovri' 


'Hv Z^ awo 0mp7}K(K hravlr}, h to -rrpotrBrv nari to aripvo* 
vrovoif iiaiT^fiaivei tou ippayvno^ ftipto^. j9^ wwiTovos 
Kol fioXtf ayayov<Ta. tJ Si al/Mt ^vObv ov laipTa. fiiaajv 
^"*Xy> ^va^pov. tfy hi Kal TrvfVfifJV he tJ}* vapoZov ^/iva- 
ftfff^, vpov&t&oi TOW MppdSeov' oSov yap 0iuf>tiK'K it aprif- 
pii}v wii'fi-toy. 

'Bv hi uTTo w\fvpfi<!, f£* ff'TXl' M***. M^*' ^* ""^ Xetov, 
KOicoBfiOV, /9poi/itaSf>;, OKOiov ri}? trJjiTf Sovos, irovm Tt)? v\«v 
pijv fifv!. iroKKol yovv 5nJtr*foiwi irKaipiTiKov rpoirov fwc 

"flprj Zk ^iptt vyp't ital $epfi^. towcSc t^ vypav Koi 
6(pfii>v eap. Zevrepov to Oipor fieriviapov ^aov, y^ifiMV 
£f ^Ktan' 6v^<TKovat Si GkpoiK f^iv ftaXurra atfuyppoffiy 
iftKeyfioyal yap ov itapra /teydKai yiyvovrai tote" mpo^ Ztv- 
Ttpov, tfiXryfiOfij nal wperoiai. Kavau&effi. ifidn'OTrmpoi Ze 
an eTriirav pTiiZimt ^Oaai ylrfvomai. 

A0p6ov hi tlp>io6ai, itrX iraa^ e^ixaroi; avayay^, /fi)v 
ftiKpi} ^, jo)'' '^^ M*^*^*!? ™ {tayevTa, eirerai Zvadufii^, 
ZvffsKirt'rriij, aTroyvmaK tqv ffiov, tiV yap ovtok tixnaBiji 
w opijv fiiv ttovTOv a<ftayT} tKeXoy •treTrovBora, fii} oppmZep 
Si ii/i^i. OavuTov; km yap itai ra fii^oi tSiV ^axav jcac Tit 
iAjcifUinipa, oieolov oi ravpot, aip-oppayiri Ovrfaxavvt autima. 
<!\X^ ToSe fiiv oil fiiya to Qtiivna. OwtipM Zi fiiya ToSf. 



owe imrftiYW&VKouvt havrwv w' Svffptevot, Krjv Iv rm iayanp 
itoau ioxiat £c lyuye rijv tow wtv/tavoit avovii]v a*Tttjv 
f/ifitmu' iroKK yip x^>- OfuKpo^ Ig, Stlvarov ippoiSttf koX 
fort iv Toifft ir^ioTouTi <Po0tpwTtpoi ^ Koieiwy riirovw) Si 
KaX iv TOw't fLffyaXoiai KOKoiat, d^>o0li} ffavdrov, iccu tart 
Kaxmy jj ifxtfitpuripri. 


Ke^. y'. ■ ri€pi 2yyK<wrvy. 

Ev ft SXtK i itjtpm, ^Se 6 Srjfiort^i, eB ye iviK\>}aii>} 
Tov&t TOu ird6toi. mctrrdrou kokov ivri oiyofta'* rt fiiv 
yip p€^ >1 wcvTtpov (TMydromJe Swdfiiov ; tl ii ovvofta 
trtpoy (tV ciriieKtjtrtv rovht tov trpiiyfutro^ fidXX/tv eviT*ifMV ; 
ri Si KopSiiFt aXXo Ktupidrrtpov i<: JIm^v j) i<; ddvarov ; ovSA 
T^v avyianri)V a-Triarov Trp tcapSli]^ vovaov efiftevat, ^ ainrjv 
aivo^ T^e iv ainitj tvO ^v SwdfuiK' roaov ta rajfot tow 
6>J$pov, TOi^&f iwM iS^. fart 7^^ TO irdffai: \i>i7i« twi' 
StaiiS»¥ TTft «'? Jittt^c SuvdfuiK, avri^w rp OMTTiMrfj to5 
M-$pw7nw iov. T^Se yap dirpi^ Xa^ofKVov oi ft*0(i)atj 
aXX* it St^wTiv Tp^et. xai ov fiiya to Oanvfta. Koi yip 
Koi Srtpa vdOea tSut xal iTriitaipd nvuv lupimv iarij 

' llie tcw(bg tn all ili« U88. ii^ 
H tiftm oi — ward* wliich criilanUT 
tu«* no mtuinf. BRDcriiii k- 
oatdinitlT cntm Uicm, with tho 
thna (silowiag— ■•uuf' 'fi Dcvop-a 
—Altogether. Tl"^ I Uiink, will 
g««c«»ll7 ba bIibIiicJ i<i be loo 
toJil • fvooediiro. The viiicritlBtiuQ 
tnggMliNl I7 Fobrioliu and Mat* 
lAiro, Hill wlapUiI bj Wignii (uiuDiy 
If, imftrovj, U to pUuilb1«, and 
minirt* m lililo clian][« of ilio cbo- 
taetat, tlutt I ihonld Imta hw) no 

hoailation in adopting it. prorUed 
tbere trrtt any luitliuritjr Tor tli but 
lliii. I fcM, ii Dot ibe cMo, I Iuto 
lli«refure Teiiturml to subMilitte 6(v 
rarov In place oif It: and I am per* 
■muli'il t^al, upuu nuUun coiuidoc- 
aiion. It will h« Kppivni tit hy 
Dtigy t«mpMcnt judge I niwd 
n-iuYi'lj rciiinrk, Uint it it of com* 
aunt uccuiTCDCc iii ilic nnrlu of dia 
mediul authoriiic*, uid Umt It II 
vei7 If )>iicabl« is tU( f laoo. 




firffovTat owSevo*. vtvptav Sj Wravo?, ^*\»7^/ij 5* xe^X^?. 
ASe o3v icol fi tn^Koini Kap&ifii iarl naX Jar^s wvao-i. 
oKotroi Si <rroftdj(Ov iffiovra* ro iroBot efJ-fievat, oweta 
ffiTioiai re Koi, olv^, /itre^erepouTt Bi icai ^fti^p, ^ Bvi/atu^ 
effrd0T}, Kol TO KOtcov i^\d0Ji, oi Se /Mt Sox&ivo't xoi t^ 
^pevXrtv Tpi)(Stv rip xt^iaXf}^, ical tou Sip/iaTo^ vovaov i]yi- 
taffai, oweicev leovp^ Kal Te7f( avreav pf}{^ouai ol ij>peyrTua>i, 
dWci yap rij'i xopSi'ij; yefni)rr]fui Kaipiov ewrt & arofiajfot, 
i( ovTTtp ^Kicu ^ icapBiJ} oImXov ^ d^Vfujiopov. Kot yap koX 
Si^ irvevfiovot fXxet vyevfut et<! uvoTrmiii' ^ KapSai, uXX' 
ov^ irvevfuev i^ Totj? ^PJCI^ ivcnrvUi? ov fhp if to^* 
ipydvotvi at Suv^tufi, «\X" Ivda upy^ fa")? ^v Kol Itryyo^. 
oTOfioxoi hi avT€ apxti o&T( Jdopiov ^<i»fi- ff\a^jj<r€Tai Be t« 
S(A (iToviiiv. Kai yap Kal rh KapBio86\a ffptufuira ov tov 
arSfutyov atverat, aW^ Bt airiou t^c KOpBtijv tirti Koi o* 
ftri TolaBe Oy^aicovTf^ <rt/itta ta^vai xapSi'i^ irdSeo^, 
ffif>irf[ioii^ piKpov<i, ahpaveai, irdrayor rij? ieapBir]<i, erri 
injSfjat KapTfp^, ffKorohtviK, \fi'7rodufiiy, vdpKi], Koi irapi- 
<rtev fieXfuv, t'Spwf iStr^CTO?, irouXiis, ^v^i<t 5\ov, ui'tM^f^cu;, 
ii^vn}. TToO 5^ ritv <rr6fiaj(py trda^eiv roBi ; 3tto Bi 
airriov ISia, vavTiij, ffierov, a-nwrtri'ij, Xi^f. (pei^m, i^ 
p€ etn Si rolat KapBuMjaovai jtal ata-0'iai o^vrtpai, &^ 
i£itv Kal dieovaoi ^XXav >) vpoaOey, Koi yvdtfi^ evaraS&r- 

* I mnal own, Ihal I fool (rano- 
what diipwwd lo foUtiw iho unggw- 
tioaor Wigim, ind raiul lifl^c. Tor 
it ii well known that pcucitontiol 
bulioe* occur principal!; in the 
groin (i. & nenr itiv- pnhwi), iw i* 
flrvt noticed by Proropiiu (ifc 7{</Ai 
nr*K<i, S9, 93). i ani not nwitru, 
nii>reo*«r, that any of iho lUiclniil 
aiilharilliM ivfi^r (lit: iH^tili'iilinl ba- 
boc« to the liror, hul to the glanilt 

oTllio groin. See Agnlhian, niakr. 
■mil (lie othor aiithoritlos rjuoicd u 
P. JEaatKi, 1. 1. p. 233, Syd. Soc, 


* Were I aiiptwod to indulge In 
roiijcrtiml vtncnilntiun, 1 tliootd 
cnnnlnl/ not lic«it»(» in lliii place 
to rcoit, U iffqc rj ^pxS- ' won- 
der ihc pTv»cnt unmtlsfiicuify rcAd- 
inj; bus cscnpod lliu nTliIUlul^1■nio□a 
of all lliii cdilon *nil comniGntAtort. 



rtpoi, KoL "^vyp xoBapiifrepot, Koi raSe omc «'? t^ vapfoyra 
twOiw, /cat ^ T(i /icXXoi^a iiavrie^ arpeieiK. ftr} «^ ffoi 
(uJie aTOf*a)(ov at Sw<ifues, oXXa /tapSiit, tv0a not ^ '^^vj^ 
Kol ^ ^vtrti avTtt}^, ei^ t^v Koi to iraBo^ ^ Tcok t^Se Stfci- 

iv airiff >ffV^i tai vyponjTt. km yap ddtpftoty xal rd tiaa 
Kol rd #$«, Moi a&tyfrof tcai yfrvj(por avairveoviTi, Kfji' Ik 
IUfl£3Ktty xol Kavaatteiov iarX irvprr&v, i^ tiyiKp f^avrenu 
<i ^tr/Koir^. etne (ten f&p tpparrat rj iftvatK, Kai i<mv d>- 
KpoTOt, vai^uv fiiv KpaTiet, -ffatrt &i tnjpuilvu, Ktu vyp^, 
KM wrtifiari, km rrtptotin, km rjj jovnov evro^iij lau ^ff 
/icTpi'i} ii ^jy hUmi tor &vBpwtrcv ^ Si T^<t t^viritn o 
teiTfUfi, TOvriaTi 6 Tovm, \v6^, rrfr* fiyverat to vdSov. 
KOTapjffu &i avriov KauoK, Si iart Totovit, 

tlup fiiv vaVTt} KM Sptfiii koX Xfli-rov, fidXurra Si tJ t'aia- 
dt^wvoij 0tp/*ii, w €Jt wvpiv, 9^Qf 6\Kr) ft^aXtj, ifrv)(pov 
ivt$vfti7], y\u)<r<rtii ^p6Ti}<:, aixuT/w ^(Xfwc ml S^pfiarot, 
&Kfxa ^XP^' "^pa j(»\6^ai^a KaToicopiat, offpinnit), a^vy 
^ol VVKYoi, aiuKpoi, IkXvTOi' ^^aX/Mt fvayeti, Xa/t7rpot, 
vvipuQpai' wpoawTTOv tv)(poif}. 

'Hv Sc ivl fMiKKov aC^ff TO vraOot, pi^ rk iravra Koi 
Kaxia' a^xrjiioi Vfwcpiraroi Koi TrvKvorarot, mp ^porarw 
KoX Spifivrarov, yku^ij vapa^topov, wnirrtty drftwaltj, St^frof 
St€i, >jtavaM >^vxpoS hrt0vpirf, roij(pv, icOifTtxt, «&i^«v-, 
vypotr x^*P*^ ^i^U^i ^ivop^ fftpporoTa, Srt/}(n mXtSvoif 
dyairvol] TVKiyii, vvtU v^fH pintva km kXjiiSm. 

*Bv Si ^ Sxpoy {ij/WT7T05 KM 0€ppacliji ^Kt} rj ^wtk, ri 
lUv Otp^MV ii "^vxpov, Si avxf^ ^ ivopffpir}v Tptvcrat. 



Tii Ztafta, ToS< iarX fj avyitoTrii, tot< iBptla^ i/jy^eroi vavrt) 
TOW a^fiOTW, dfoirvor; ^^v^pi), wriAot ava pivat vovKv^, 
itBii^i, i^ipavrai yAp t« t' 4XXa, orAfi ital ra aXXa Si^-o- 
X^a Spiyava, vrifta, <rrotAa-)(o<f* oZpa 'Ktirrii, vtarciSea- 
KOtXl^ ret voXXfk /*iy ^vpht 'i<fri ie koX oltri inroif>(pei 
{ipa\la xoXu^a, wovXw irXo&K, Sutppiu Bi xal rii otnia 

Vu)^ KaTaa-raati,* eu<rdt]<ri^ avfvjTaira KaOapi}, Stavaia 
XeTTTi], yyaifn) fucvrim). Trpaytrfvaiffitovat fUv ow irpwnurra 
fiiv i>trrfoiat rod ^lov Tijir fitTaXKay'iv eiretTa ratal irape- 
wat irpoXSyovfft ra aiOti itrdfirva' ol Se avriovs fifv taff 
£te iuu oXXo^V^cfi'' hoKtovaf r^ airoffaai Bi ruv eipf- 
nintv dtavfta^owri ZvOptami. fi^s^hfpoi, Bi km vpoaXa- 
XiowTi rSiV Karoi^ottivtov tut!, ra)(it fiiv rraptiivrat optPrree 
axnoi fiovvoi, vtro Xtrrrtj^ Kai Ka$ap^-i ataO-qaiiK, rdj^a S" 
aiireiiy rrj? ^v)^ ■rrpoyytvaiaicovtrtit, «al SiJ/ytufiivrit tow 
&ySpm ol'^t ^viaovrat. wpwrOfy p^iv yiip iv rmat ir/poXat 

' Emteriii) Imusposu nil this 

cXawnt, iVjpavTat ('rJfi<iX''C> K* 

tlio lictcli>n'nK <^ 'he chnplcr, ofUr 
lififuiTai. I find djflicultj' iu n>cun- 
filiii); iiij*>ctr to ihlt ohuigv ; Iu- 
(Icc4, in dthLt pliKc, Iho meKuJiig 
of (bcMt worilii !■ nnt clear. 

* Then h*i> bccni muc^ dilTi-rcnoe 
of oplnioii rutpei^tiriK ilirjto two 
TiDrdH. I tvunol Iho conatruccion 
H «n Altic anoeoluthon, of which 
KOOff ex>nip1ug ucciir in our hU' 
Ihdr'D worki, and in iho» of ^Klinn 
nud Arri«n. who nvro alHiut hii 
Mp;. Emorint rocntionn (hnl Kuhn 
wu (1i5|K»iHl lo n.'i:>Td ihcMii aa bc- 
luDging v> ilie OlomcniA. This, I 

know, B-ai ni|i[j[r4t«i1 lu liini hy ibo 
liiio Dr. KcfT, tj Ahpnlriin, wlinm 
cormpondcnrc with Kiihn 1 $ nt 
tliu liiuu il took place, alxtut lUirtf 
yran aico. 

' Thia conjpclnnd cmpndnlJon of 
]Vlil,«hicb iH ndoplvd by Erm«inii 
•Dd Wi([iin. ii an ln|;rniou> iiibKii- 
tut« Ibr Uiu cuiiimon rendlDg. liAXa 
faai, which nvldrnil} has no ravan- 
tag. A EiiU more ainiplo prnvudii- 
liuii, liowiiWT, would b(>, uXXcj f liirSai 
— (hnl is to tiy. tliB ei«'i'l«toni 
" fiincf thit iho; apuik (trangtVi Lo. 
incohuvnt." tice l.iddvl nnd Sciitl't 
Lcxivon under dUuc, for tbisnicui* 
ing </( iliQ word. 

ostas nAGON, biba. b*. 

esc iv i\vi Svj)v ical ^6^.* iirei Si rdSe efiJvrXtjffe q vovvty;, 
Koi OTTO tCiv o^BaXfiSiv Trjy a^Xw ?Xe, opeovffi rd t« 4v t^ 
ijtpi, *MM yvfivfi rfi ^v)^ yiyvoVTtu /uiyrif! tiTptie^n' oi Be 
4i TovovSe 'KenrOTiiTo^ Oypttv koX rr/v yvatftrji a^irffiivM oi 
/ia\a T0( wtptyr/vmrat, e^potitivJjt; ij&tj t% IJurtKiji Svrd- 

K.t<f>. «'. Tltpi \o\tptjs. 

'H j(o\ipi} vaXit-op&S'i ioTt f^opii t^« -riyt iv rijt iravrX 
h Tov 0TdfMi;^of KoX riiv KtiiKtuv koX tA hntpa, i^vTaroy 
KaiCQV Biixdift Be titepBtv fttv /« eixerav t^ eV t^ arofidya 
oXc^/Mva- Bia Bi T)}? KOTut Bk^Sov to ev ry KOiXt'ij leai 
TDK ivrepoK vypd. IBeiv Si ra wpwra /mc vBaTtoSea ri St' 
ifUrov, TO 6c Si' lSpy}<; Kovpara ir/ph, SvatioBea' av^ie^ yap 
firtt^^*? at TtjaSe -Trpoi^dtrter ^v Si rdSe AtroieKvaO^, ^Xey- 
/utTwSta, cTTctTa j(o\a)Sea' ri irpSna ftev ^iStOK, airoyof^ 
hrtna Si {w ivraaeai fiev o aro/utjffK, yairrijp Si /mi 

'Br Si i^To Kimov iiriBtS^, koX orp&^m ftd^yei, XetTTO- 
Bv/ilti, ixkuaiK /ie\iii)v, &Tropif}, a-novnirf ^v Si Kairt wpoir- 
tviyKwyrat, woU^ poi^^ f w vavrly it Ifwrov Btmcffiti fac- 
6ij x^^^ learaxopioK Kai tA Siaj(atp^fiaTa Sftouf ^nraaftol^ 
(irt-oXxoi fMuv Twr iv t^ kt^p^^ «a) ^/^a^wvtvv- SuxTuXct 
Kait,-irv\ot, (TKoroBivtK, Xwyf, iio'jfw irfXtifoi, icard'pv^vi. 

' Eimcriiu do« Dot liuiutc tu 
cxprnilt* the "onl sy/iulvo- «|U)- 
Itrilior i but Uii> •cdai lo mo an 
nnwotnuiUtiio liberty. B; Uw wl- 
ililiun of on* 4hi>rt wxn'il, aif, mliil a 
Ullic trampoHtion, I fiulKT tnjs«lf 

text. IVtii ]mpa«e* to r«itd IXvu- 
tmi trjfaiat, but vIihiMil rrfoninif 
t« mr mnlicnl auihorit/ for tath, 
«n wnpnMioD. lu illustrMion of 
tha genanl incuilnjt or ilii* kd. 
lence. im an impoiuat poMmo on 
the iWamo, bd»w. Tlivap-LL 



*Rv Si « «X<vT^v t)<fp TO KaKov, arip <S/>oi SivdpwjtW!,^ 
yoi^ fiiXatra iva xal learw. o!i(ia a^dtura kvotk inri 
tnraafxotr aXX' oiihi ovpov aXi^trai inro t^ i^ to iirrfpov 
riav vyp&v /i£Tox^^*f*''>^' u^i^vtt], a^trfftoi oftucpinaroi 
Ktu Trvm/OTaroi, OKoaot t'-wl fi*yj(i>7r^' tvraijtn ifAtrov fwe- 

iTTo^vvoi ical otJcrtffTOt;, <nraiTft^ koX wtyl Koi ifUriji luv^. 
^ipet fikv TO trd&ott u»p7} ftkv Oiptoi, Sevftpov Bi i^0ir6- 
vwpov, ffp fta<70V, \ufi£av ^Kiirra- i}\tKien hi, ai twv vitav 

oAX' ov davar^ea. 

Ke^. c'. XVfpi EiXfoy. 

'EvripouTi flrfferat fihf ^Xeypavii, oSiiwjv 6\e0pi*}y iftiroi- 
ovffti. Oy^oKovm yap fivpuii trrpo^urt xaprepotaf iyyiy 
verai hi koI ttvfyfia '^v)(pov, apyoy, o{rre learot Trep^at 
pijtBtov ovre avto aviXOffievai.- fiip.vei Sk ivitroXv iXurtro- 
fiwov iy oXiy^fft r&if avw iXi^etrf jovveiKv koI to trdSo^ 
iirui\''i<Tiv t<Tj(ev (iKeov. k^v Trpo^ tok irrpo^ot^ Si koI 
•jrUait Kol /wiXtfafis twv hniptav er), Kai vov\v to inror^aa- 
Tfiov Virtpitrj(Tj, ;(i}f)£a^of to toiovtov iart avvofia' 
f^OK fiiv y^p ^ /wiX^afts' X^P^^ ^^ evrepaiv nratwitov. 
(tal Tip Koi CTTt)(t>pSiSa to fitatvrepiov iKiKK^a/cov ol irpaa- 
B(V, T« Te fi-finjrfv veCipa Kai t^ ayyila Koi rouv vfUvaii tow 
ivojpja^ TtoK 4vrip«tir. 

Atrl^ Tov fl\eov tmvtj^t ftev Zia^Qopi) verimv ttoXXwv Te 
Ka\ vniKiKav Kal ov ^w^6i<av, xal &K\i} iir' SXKt} aveyftiri, 
ftdKurra S" ^1 rouri (iXewSetri, oicoiov ri /icX^v arpriij^. 
OVK S^oinjrm &i vXtrfij, ^ ^lifit, tf y^uxpomaii) i4'' iBpHrrt, 

' Emwrin) pUoM iho words irif 
ISpoi ivOpmne Bfter fiiyvtiii, but 

tlie niKenitj for thi* cbonse is not 

OXEnN OAeON, fiIB.\. B*. 



Korifftf, KM OMC hviio&i} t^ n)*- ianXit)V, aXX' in\^^$ij ffig,* 
romiottri e0ov hri/^Xeynaivtw ra xaro) Ivrtpa- ^vyrfOev Si 
ii Tra$<K vaiSiouri, otanrtp &y km ave^itj ^, xal to fiXaffov 
Zia&t&fiaaimwTi fta)Ou>v Sui t€ to f0o<i xoi t^k vyponfra 
Twif ivripwy aXtaOjipa yiip' fipovnt Si ou ftoKa ftiv irA<r- 
jfOtWi, irtpir/tyvoyTM Si JiKurra. apt) 6epfOi rutrti fia\Xov 
jjpo*, ^divenrapov Si ;^(ifuiii'Ot, oft^y Si M p£KKov Gepot, 

iloXXol ftiv oiV iirl rovTctai arpi^urt fff^Kovat avruca' 
ttrt^rripouTt Si km www fyyiyvtTM, xal aS0i« fuXavdiv 
Tore Ti hntpav mil Stairairh i^ivtae, luu, oUrroK i^iXtTrav. 
^vreffTi Si ainiotai, ft f*iv hruiiiti)<; ci'Xcti? ttij, irovo^ cXm** 
<ro/»(vo9, irrofidxov irXci^os', IkKvtrti;, ftaXoKiri, (pev^tf<t tavai 
Kol ovSiv wpfXavvat, KoOUt} VTroffopffopi^outra <f>va^i, oSot- 
vt)pSif /tev^l fSpjfi, SU^oSoi Si ireX^e^. 

*flv Si hriraaiv S^XJ i «iX(it, ■trdvrtev &vm ^ ^/»;, inxv 
IlAtwv, ^Xiy/utTtK, X"^^'- ^f">^* t^ T«i&" t^ypoi^ 
^rvXPol TO TToi" ffjc^vor TTocw iTOvXwf, avorKVO^ ifaKij, Sf\jra- 

'Hv Si ml BvrjtTKttf itfXXuai, iS/jwf ■<ln/)(pi<!, Buirovpt^, 
HSpt] airoXtX7]fjifUrr], cuv ftffSi Ur^yhy IXaa/ta SitXtiiTM' k6- 
irpetv iiteroi, &v0partrot Aijxuvot, at^trffiol wpooStv ftiv SpMol, 
ir^Mtpof irp^ ffavdrov Si afiiKporoTOi, Kol trvKviraTOi xal 
ixXttrrorrti. -rAZt ith otv rotx* Xtittoio-i ivripourt fv/i- 

Slrikji xol KUfX^ tA ovtA TrtiBta yvywrat, km ri fwMTo 
S/iOut, fcal ij awr^ avp^pi^. Tcvriuv Si ittrt^irtpot Stai»- 
SpaaKowTi Kom, ^f -ttvov iyyivrjnu T^t KotX^. airCi^ Si rd 
fia6o<! TO ffo^ntwiS^ Tov Ar^fjw. ww« 5e iry^ M**. ^* 
i^ iirl roiat XeirriMi ivripotat^ vXAroi ££ koX 0dpoi 

* Sboddwa not read iff SmUis 
Kolm of Wigu ■nd EniMrini^ 

whicti ozpl^ th« ^Scnltioa aliont 
tlia toxt witliout niaioiinjt Ukuii. 

P 2 



*Hy Si ii TtXevrity f)>c^ to koxov, ir^p iSpot mk^^mmtoc,' 
^X^ /iiKMya &vto Kai xarw. oipa ffxe$u<Ta kwttk inn 
atraaiimf oXX* oii&k ovpov aiU^mu inro rifi ^ to hntpov 
Twv vypAv fieTtrj^rrevaeea^' affxtyyiri, a^tfyfta* fffUKpiraTtn 
MU WKVoraToi, OKoaai tiri jvyitOTriJ" evTwrt« ifUrov fuw- 
j(4ei Kevia\, irpoOvpiai T<iv*ff/MJ5eev, ^pal, aj^Xof Biivarot 

^^pa ftiv TO va0oi vpr/ pxv 0(p€<K, Zevrtpw Bi ^iv6- 
mupov, ^p ^aov, x^tfMV iJKiffra- ^Xitiia* &i, a! ruv vioiv 
Kol oKfta^ovratv y^pav ^una, va^ia Si TOtrriefv imXKoy, 
dXX* ov davaraiSia. 

Kf<j). t'. H(pi. EiAeoy. 

'EvripouTt yiyverai ftiv 4>^£ypovii, oBvvtjv okfOplyjv (fivo^ 
owra. Bv^oKowi yip fivpiot ffrpo^urt Kopreptwrf ^Yfi-f 
vcrai Si Koi. iryev/ia ^vXP°*'i ^py^"* "^^ icarm veptjfftu 
/nftSiov ovTt avci) aVfXOefievat' fUfivti Bi eiriTToXv cXmtito- 
ftfvov ev oXiyrjai twi' aval kXi^effV tovv€K€V koa to iraBoi 
hriitXtjatv e<ixtv e'llvsiv. icf)» irpin tow arpo^oi* Si Koi 
TTitaK Kol /uiXOa^K rStv evriptov ej}, jcal vov\ii to vnoyaa- 
ipiov V7repur)(j}, j(opSa\lf6i to TOiovrir e^r* owofia' 
i^^att piv yip 1} pM^a^iV X^P^ ^^ evriptov eiraivupov. 
Kal yap leaX eiriyfopSiha to peaevrtpiov f/cueX^xov 01 irpoa- 
0tv, Ta re fieaijyit va/pa Ktu -ri brfftta xal to^ iifieva/i ravi 
av<rffta<! tSiv e'vrepwv. 

AiTuj ToD eiKeou avve)(i)^ ftiv SuK^opi] trvrlitiv iroXXSf t* 
Ka\ wotKiXeov itaX ov ^vv7)0fav, Koi a\Xj) hr a\X>; avf^tJ), 
fidXta^a S' cTri rolai ciX£(u£c(ri, okowv ti fu\a» trfrrii)^. 
oi)K aiaKrjrtK Si v\t)yi), ^ y^v^tt, ^ ^iry)ffjro<r»i) i^' iSpSnt, 

■ Emeriiu pliwo* the wnrili ArAp ih« aKetatj for Uiii diu)g« ia not 
Mpoi vv^fMires ttust jiijiituc, bat Tory clear. 



fioxportpa Si vocdovai. fpyov yAp aMov n5 iwrd r^ 
i^aifuiriitaiy ovk t<mv uva-wavKa, <>{•&( aft0o\ij- hrl &i rifv 
KapSiTjv Kai Tfl vtpdfv Tov Bta^pdy/AaTO^ iyrfvSfv fiip rov 

*Hv Ari lii^vi atriTi, irXtjy^, if Zta^Bopyai ^uvej(i<n voX- 
Xwv Kol KaKtav anloiv, «ni oiVo^Xwytp, ^ i^fi xaprep^, mil 
^»' TJo-t 7rvXj7<7i yiyverai ^Xey/iofii, WKurrot S\t0pot. irvp 
fiiv yhp VKO^puytov, aXofinri.^, Sptfii/, aif>vyfu>i votffpoi, iro- 
WW tS^ TTOMiX,]} Kol TTovTo/ij, ^XXflT* /itv 4 oSvvt) ^l tA 
Se^ii SieXtjXaptt^, ws Sonreetv ofw /S«Xos fyidtuBat, SWore 
a irTp6^tp ixiXf (iCftt 8e «or( irovo? ^apii^, ^apuraTo^- 
ftxc^ii Si T^s ohCirti'i uTOViT] Koi a^vit}- haitftpayfui. ital 
inre^uieiK ttK/coyrat- aTro TwvSe yap a)(0o^ to ij'jra/) ^prrrfttt' 
Zih TwSe ^ T^v kot' if**- K}<j)tZa oSi^ Kaprrtpi]- ffii^ Si Arc 
X»}«' irpoOvfiii} Sc fuwvov tcifv e? «Xof kotc ri^iWijrai, fijp^. 
di^irvov xavij' o^ 7a|3 ^vvriftapkn tA wtv/tovi to £ia> 
^paypa, ^voftapreov ^s' ^in'oyuT^f mu Suitrraatt'. vmifia 
vfUKpitv t^Kovat, iiarviovai pe^ov ypotriv peXay^^ktepat, po- 
XiffSotiSi*^ avotriToi' ^v Se Tt vpoaeyeyict»v7at ^ua^iSee^ t«3 
viro)(pvSpitp, ipfu^iev j(pXc!>Set^,^i^QV<Tai, ^pui/tMSett;' vavrirj, 
SuMTtuTK (cn^, yaa-njp avoXtXvpevT] ra iroXX^, ^Xw£ea, 
y\iaj(pa, fipaj(ia'* ati Si ivav^a yiyverat -ri iridta' 
7VW/1)} ov Ka^ra vapi^pm. va6pi}, prrttapoi;, rervtf>a>ftiyt}, 
Xkkk irovXtfi, 'f-iifw uKpiav, rpopoi, piyea, Xwyf ««^, inroff* 

/uaStiv, hcTtpov, X^M ^'V''^'*'' X"^*^"^' '^ '''"°^- ^^ ^ 
ira4 w/jo tffSoprjj ^a>'.7i «oi oXXowj ticrttve otr^w.* 

'Oxiffoi Si 1) aipoppayi'^, ff tcotXitft rapdj^^ iroXXoiai j(oXu- 
StiTt, ^oupoifft aKptjToiai avj(t-otai tov JSXeSpov S(i}XX<£farra, 

* Eimerini read* itmXtXiifijiJi^. 
introdBCM 4 txlun ][wXw^ia uid 
^in/i/siiM Ml\tr Ppnxl^- DdI, after 

cumpMing tbo cbniitcr uf Pauliu 

.£|lineiit on hepatic diataioi (iiii 
46). I TCKoIvcil noi 10 iilUT the lesL 
' IlippocTUt. Apb. it. C3i iir. 6>| 
KjiitUiiviU- 1,9. 



T^fft vXevp^tTi, e^Tf iftavToaii) tyyiyvrra* irXwpiTiSw *tol 
7flp cat ■TTvperaivovat oiSr SKKcre Bi iiirb tjo-i kj^o-i A^ 

2/^«-a«' aS^K xoTf iv Toiai iKvtaiai, iroJAiv '^ap to xaiXop 

Upiv oirriov iptiSei, xol /« fajpoiK, koI SiSufuov (cpc/ioorQ- 
pof- ^1 £f rotffc iciuXuroio'i tftxroi TrXcDi-r; xevoi, ra S^ 
ifttviifva Xttit^, ^nXiu&a, eXaiociSca. ce~ri Se o hrraj$tv 
WvSi/raf ToaovBe aaiviarepiK, cuco^ov xat t» KwXac rAf 
X*in'wv evrifmv aapKottStarepov lau ■jra\yTfpov xal ivf^txa- 

K<^. ^. n</>( Twc KoiTo TO Hwap o^mv iroSatv. 

TS>v with KttpZitfi 01 aiTo fptarov ovie intinepov fiiv, htnro- 
yarrtpov Bi $vt)<rK0Vfft. tart yip aifuno^ iruyo^ ri wXA- 
my ^ap- ^y Be iv rpffi iriiKgat ainiov ^vft.TTiay) t« $»■ 
v&Tov ahit}, ou fuioy o|eu? ^ ol airo xapBiij'i 6vt}<7Kown. 
iifUai y^p, Kol Tovoiiri httKalpoitxi xoj 'Ketrrolat, Kal ^Xt^l 
fteyaXi}<Jt t^C^vrai Ti'tBe t^ p,ipea. ct>; Sk luu tStv ao^Siv 
ai^ffiovTai riva, Koi. >^t^'}i iin$] TtjBe iyieaO^Tat. ot- 
liUtpparjin fifv yhp vvepia-j^ei -iravra -noXXov pi^asafi yap 
^X«j8wv iJTrap.^ ytyytrai we iv airrt^ p^iiXi} f^y 0Xey- 
p.QV^, ov K&pra ^wfx^tait oiiBe iv TOtaiv it ri, hrUatpa 
y^pla.* ^Biivft yap (^\0aiy rov ^v tavOparirot. fffiutpo- 
riptj Bi Safuvd- rovveKev BtaStBpdaxovfft fiiv riiy SXeffpov, 

• Enncriiu dcnrvci grant crodii 
for luA iiijcuitiiiiu viiKTudiUlon <it this 
poMugc Tim comman rcitiling ii 
wXilnf mill tuxnv, from wliicli uu 
niitaliln rociHiiDg call be dmwii. In 
Ac Askew MS. wo iVHil laxrAv uxl 
KwXw. In kt, liy Iho tntf, the ioU 

(ulwcripiaiii u gcncroUy wont- 

' AliiuwL 

' I huvD foUuwcd Ermeriiia ia 
■ulnli 111 ling <tfv foe wv, nnd ruiaiv 
(tir rialy. Still n«Jtfacr the rending 
nor iho [luiicluMlon i» Mtitfactory. 




T^f KopZiriv. &V0B0V yap ^ auTfJ, 

"Hie oiSk ij ^\i^, w ^w 8o«^, ^ ^vitnaaa voaitt df&rt 
wii5«rt, mipTcpourc fiU fAp Arrt iracru' /i«rc^^;>oMrt $j 
i^potfft itovvTj Sotcm vapJl TTfy li'ix'y votr^ttv, oVvfKa r^t ^ 
T^ xa^S/i]v T^ tniiuta oi irpotfrnvia. ^kri? toj) toD fftipt)- 
«o« SutT^aroi W(MS ouS^r itpoaur^o/t^vt), aW' tvaiapfvfiiyif 
Ten 0iopt}iu, r? t' OI' «17^ ToO Siat}>p<iffiaTOV ^t^4*^ ^W Kap^irj. 
f^ oZv T» /MYaXAM' fcaxSi' T^XW T»i*^' T^ <f)\iffa, ^wiKpv^ 

Tifvertu B' oSf a^l njVSe t^v ^Xifia leal leHfuvra' tire 
pTjyvviUm} aifiopparfit! bmurra *T<iWf virtpOev ftiv Sta v\*v- 
fuiv<K KoX A(tTvpij)i ^«;^«0/iO'0u, fjv iv t^ $apifKi pays' ^'' ^^ 
vapA T^k ipx^y, ^ Ti]v xdnt KotKitjv rtHat ivripoiat wfpt' 
Xttrat, &i iniT\tUt¥ ri fyrepa, t^rt vpXv tf xo^^' iK^vff- 
vat TO idfta, ffir^aKovtri otSt' 'V ^i 4 icoiXtf] v\i]p€Vfiiyii 

riyveTat St xol ^i\ef/*4>vt) i/*if>l rifv ^AijSa, irap «at fjSe 
o|«iu? xtv/ret, ijv /ifiyaKt} frj- Trip /*if 7^^ &ptfii>, BaievtoSet;, 
iv T^( <MifXi>j<r( a/i^xnr tyKadetfr/pivoy, ^pa^v &i fMvvov 
impi^X"^' '"^ So/citiv irrofiivtjp Xeirrijv ffifuvm Oip/itjv 6 
Si ivOptifTrot KaUaSat SoWci' a^iriHoX afuxpoi, ■jru/cvoraTOi, 
owoiov T( vcTTutTfUimt ml StSuuyfiivot. ^f(f iitpitov, 
Si'^ot itapTfpov, arafurrv; ^pamf;, vpoirunrou ipv&t]fia ^w 
axpotrf inrtpvBpot Bi TO ^fiiray inifia' vjrojfoy&pia aKXijpi, 
avtairaofj^a, otvvtf iirl Ze^ia fiM\Kov, ko* voX^ioc r^iSr 
-R-a)Mi^Kt)9, ft^XP* ^^ \ayivov fiert^tripouri Si koI nfi 
upnjpbi^ lifi vapa t^ ^X***' ^ ^ ff^vypm if; t« htpov 
inroxot^pt^y Staa^fiMyj). ^/nro^ yip xol i?^* yiyfertu 
•mtp aini^v iv ipurrtpi xti/Uvf), A? T^ M -ly travrl 

Tbo i>animnn r»ttint; u wpaitv any mtaymtuiaa. So* Ptfii, Wi- 
(a7 ir, wlikli c>ui Kiuvcljr aJiuil of gui aud Gnntuiu. 


imn AiTinN kai ziimeiun 

rovrioiCi Si fierh rptit i^Softa&av ti Avwrraaiv irvau t^ 
^ap Tpiverai' ^ Si eri mWoy vtrtpQiiKKg •j(pi>vw Stw 
&iro<rTicu><t, i^ CS^Mwra S^wcrov TeXein-^- Si^frnKiai, ^payy 
iroTot, f^/»l ri tFKtjvtK, aXivie;. o^etav iviBvfiifi, avouK ^ 

Titcra Bi toS« to wdffov tf>0iy&Tntpoy vvr irX^flow Apautv, 
Koi irouc^Xwf awfriif ^Xtxifi £i, vatriaii' fxaX)<ov oK/i^.' 

Kf0. r} . Tlepi TTJ7 Kara rr)v KOiX^v <f)\(ffa o^tirfr 


lAtri Twv vvKitov tou f/mrroi tipua <j>Kf\fr Siafirtru /W<r>f 
T«W ToOSe mpdrtcv. ael yap « Xfirra xal -TrXtvva trj^i^o- 
fUfff hrl riXot ft tupafia Tijtn Si^tm Trami tov ijttotos 
CmUvotm- TiMcri Si rcvrewv iripair* aXXmv ^XiffAv vtpt^ 
riatti learh to trri/ia ^vyteoirTai, atirtp iic Xciptwp xai 
wXematv /U^ivt teal eXdaatnt^ ytyvcyrof M tcXcik iy 
pitir^ TfS ijirari i<t f-iav <p)Uffa fityaXify avvarttlporreu. tv 
Twvfl^ Si SotaX ff (rrroo-^^KriOT ytyvofiotu viptv raC iJwaToc 
aifuKveovTOt. ^ p^v yap ava tdv vpSrrov Xofiw Stairtfi^ 
aaaa hi Tii Kupra avriov e^etpativdtf virtiTa wcpijwura tA 
SiA^paypa ip^vrti rfj KapSirf KoiXif ij>\c<lr tjSt xoX^cTW. 
4 5e Mpti, TOV leoTW Xaffov toy W^irroc £iairrp>;i'ai7a /i^;^ 
TDw Kvpruv, riri t^c pax^v Efcto'c, mil T^t Tra^rrraTcu 
/(^l^t Twv lc-)({uv. arap «ca! ^Se ttoikv), oSvo/ui ri aiui, 
oCv€icev pia Kai mmj ^wriy ^ <f>^'^ tv^ "PX^" "'''^ '*'' 'S'to* 
TOT MT^vffa. «' 7(f/3 T(? tdeXoi, SiiXaaai ttf ?\aapa uml 
ctTri T^9 &yti0ev r^t ciri. ti;^ icapSijjv xo/Xij; tj>Ke^oi tv t^JC 

* Knuerint rcailB^c^ai'i). But ihc 
eomnioa rending i* quite in ocrunl- 
■oco with tile iiuigv <rl unr auiJior, 
•nd (> retained by Ermeriiu blmac If 
in dinp. X. of tlii* bvoK near ihe 

end. It ii, in ihort, nn Allle ui*- 
ooliilh<m, fvtj conimuu in tlie nurku 
at that nKo, tueh m IhoM uf Mliaa 
and Aninu. 




K^v fiiv 1} yaaritp t) ^ Kvffrti to rroriv tiro^'jjjj, oiSi ifihov 
&*■ «' Si fit), hrl vo\X^ T<p ^fu)fp^ TO iroXAov ifiitrai XjwJ. 
iitparftlrf -yap &y wdpttnrai, <t Toa6vtt vivtur fii}Biv Siaj(ta- 
poti, 17 itpSiat, ^ ovpotat, 1) xocXij;. 


K«^. ff . n«^( rwf Kara tovc 'S«f>pov^ 6^to>v 

Nf^pti, T^v fi,iv ToO au>naTO^ ^hfv, oi Kopra eviKcupai 4t 
MivSwov, ^v Kai Ti iraBioai o^ira<t. dSev(#8f« fhp Trjv ^vatv, 
is Se S\f€pov cu^&eev* eiruiaipov ie avretnv to epyov, ij tt 
&uixpiffK Twv ovpeov otto TOu aip^TO^ Kal r] av6KptffK. 

"E«^« hi TtivSe ^ \i0oi:, 1} SyytyvofUytf i^\eyp.ovi}, ^ 
aifuiXar^, fj ti timoi^ c^n tK ^vfiwaBirj^ ftkv 1% Si^ r^ii 
iS^v Toy <r<u>uiTW irnxov yiyveTai oiSiv, ^ B^ ^wiV^fff*? twv 
oSpaiv vdyra ri SeivA irp')fl'0'€(.' irpp ^ 7^^ 5/)(/iv, aact' 

< It upptan to me ihu all thn 
traiMlawra h«tE uisuudcrslood iha 
mfMitng of di«n wonlti, <( M £X)- 
9pav tirfiut, which Honitcli >ntl 
ItocrhiuiTe translalt^ *iul monan 
v«ro tuftrvo'Iun heni bobilw nint:' 
Wlgui and Ermaiiuk— " werum u- 
mm facil* inicrimont.'' Uoffu m- 
OK* odilj, ~ " nU caleukUd (br 
hrarinK «n *ila«k." Kow dio littnl 
■ncaninit of tbo words obviou'lf ii, 
"thev MS iiiDM'.enl m ngutli 
dcftth;" which iuftlj cMi imply no- 
thing bat tliHt tlia tilbcticnu of tbo 
kiilncvi ore not luMnU; dewllr. 
<S» I.iiliUl will Scon's Lexleon 
nnilM the word.) In fori. whoerCT 
will nut the contut carcfullr nio« 
MB ihK thi* mcaninE ii> llio uiiljr 
one in acconlAnrc wHh It, and with 
wliAt in Mid bclinr. natnctj, llwC 
th*t untjorily of uucs uii not falaL 
Enocniu, ia thia iiiituiM, Titi>l<* 

the text hv mcdiUinic Willi it, mid 
Bubnitulin^' fil/j fut li after lirfnu- 


' Here, ocain.nMrif oil the itMi»> 
lauo and edilure bnvo niiiundentoud 
tile mcaninjt of the paMa|[a t^nm not 
pcrrciiin]* ihni aiiftaTo^ in hure nj]- 
plied not to thfi wbolo hodj, but (0 
iho or^Bu or part of tho bodf of 
which the nnthor li trcadng, luundy, 
iho kidnoyi. It would ba (aperflu- 
ou* to multiply rrJV.N.nriu ti> pa«*(!C* 
in whith Awlipui applits ewfia to 
■ parlifiilnr l«i(l of the ImkIj, Sco 
Morb. Diut-i.lOi Cant, Morb. DiiiC 
L 13'. also Galvn, Dc Loria ASiftiir 
1.9. Indeed AriflDtle applicji It tot- 
prnxly lo tlie kidnofi, in tbo khm 
of tlm tlrthy pun of ili» urgan, or 
fincns. //. A. i. 17. 11. Tbo ineaii- 
iliK r^r iha piiinui^ in queilioD. 
therefore, cTitlenllj it, that "noml*- 
chiuf from ajiupntlij oriNa in thia 



ftaXXov Si TMi' afi^l ri vtrttjfiySptor' oCpov hrUrytvut, o6ic 
ii TO •JTafiTTav, aXXi trt^'^v /inr oirptowt, tvt0u/i.{j) Si 
troXXay ckxuu- vXififivpn^ y^ o/ffftjo-K. ^v Se leai -ri 
oZpov Spifiir Kid SoKvit^ S-p^vryrM, -^wfiw, rpo/ict, o^rtM*. 
fiai, Siaraatet Mai irXijpw^w? -niy inro)(ovSpi»ir UiXij ^ 
fu^i^p^ tjSt Kal ^vyaitrOfjaK yeyverat rmat avo irXrJdm; 
vfrlar Koi Sia<f>0opift (n^v<rt]ff4i<rt rtfv KoiXiijv a^irffu>X Tft 
irpwra /tiv apaioi, vwffpoi- f)v Si err't fioXXov ri icaieiy mi^j, 
ffiwcpdi, vuKVoi, rapaj^uStt^t aTtvcni, &vyot Xeirrol, oSiWk 
£c(f, oi StJiveKeet, koI c^irt't-ijt ixBoptrvfttyoi out vko >^hk. 
tlra viTOipipoyTat et teoifLa, wi vtra KOfUtTov W/f yvatfitir ov 
Kapra vapiuftopot, XijpatStt^, t<\i£voI ri Trpovtova- ^y Si 
^rj av6i^ KOTt TJj¥ ovp'iaitK fj vpodufiif), iirX Tira^jfuiifft laU 
f*fyaKT}vt i&vygoi ^paj(ii &v «ti ffrartSf)V i^pwe, eUrf ofu- 
Kpov hraviiieg Twr ironuv tha it tA avri iraXiySpoftier 
i^vrara Si Sy^mvat twvSc otaiv ciSiv iicKpivei, okooxk Sif 
ft'iJffjwHiffc 01 wXriWs fhp irfpiyCyvovrai, ff tow >J0ov ft r^k 
Kvariy Sii rwy oipmv iieireffovro^, ^ t^ ^Xeypayffi e? vvov 
rp€m>i*iini<:, ^ xari 0paj(y Gta^ffo/^i;;. f/y yip xal Ari 
ffptiepov ivSfik Stt^iij tA oirpov pt]iSio)V Su^t&p^icovat tAv 
SXtOpov^ -jipit^ Si poKpip ^Blvovai t^v eftv. ipBoK rdSt 
01 voaioyTe<; vatr^pvat, koI Karayvp/ovrai i^ awrrf^tv i/iro- 

CMC owing Co tlie ptcutiar nRtiire of 
the afTcctf-] iiu-i» iiwlf, but the n>- 

Itntiini iif ihr urine producca tninl 
hnrriblo tnurbiof." Wipin tnuia- 
IbIci tbo iutsuim titat, — Trlliiii 
corporii ippcie*. nullo aflccliu tx 
cofimiM, |i)r1iirIiRtiir.~ Bumhiuire 
thai: — " qnando^iiidcm ox cnnwiita 
•Awtiunii <ib funnaiii corporu piD- 
T«ni(^ntl* nulla rrcuur nllbnhio ^ iiiid 
Ennctina tliiii; '■quo Tiicto niilJiiin 
(luiilou ninluiQ oritur pruptet cata< 

tBnim pBctituii ctun renis lubiUntik 
conoi-niiini." Of tlip«; trwiidatlnnii 
that of Brmcrliu kppnxiclioK nearest 
to tho true ini|iuTt uf t[i(< pwdiaicE. 
Tho otliOT two hnve no iliitjnct 

■ Tho ICKt ill ull Ihi' MSS. !• eri- 
dcnlly lUlucd. 1 liavr niloplvd fhc 
cmtndotidni pnrti; of Wigui niid 
|>nr1Ij or Knncrin*. Tliit n-li-nna of 
ihc liiticr are foniPiiniFi too mditul 
{at my colucrmtiic JuidgnicaL. 

OXEaN QAOCIN, RinjV. n'. 


Kai T(t KorA tAv naiXav i^>Jffa<!. 

'E^tpp&ff Kori aXfut avh r&v ve^p^v iroXKov &$p6ov, koX 
woXK^m fjiiip'^i fwe^^e epptr «\X' ov t»w? aipoppafiti 
Orijaitouffi, a\XA t^ ^\eyfu>v§ t§ f w" aiftoppayi^ ftyfOfUvrj, 

Ykt(f). t . Tlepi rav Kara rrjy Kverriv o^tatv vadwv, 

KvvtK ;(aX«ir^ /*iy iv vovtxouxi ^hfai m\ni<xat- tctjv &)>!• 
\atat ^fiirtirit^if j^iXnniTipt] 5i ical ffayaroiSTtrripfj, ^r 
a^ ionrtiji ap^jjTtu. mm yap ital BuvaTtaraTi} 'irut^a ^t^M' 
•ira6^a Trotlja^at, icai vtvpa, ical fvtafnpf. vfvpov yap ^ KVim^ 
^VXP^'' '"'^ XevKOf, a^Ap Kol voppatrarm tov olxfiov ffoK' 
TKov' ^fjVTaTa hi t% ^{w ijni^UK. iv yAp t^ vttaipj 
yaoTpX jomrrdrm i^t vpovoynin) rtw Stoptfimi' iXKi ttal 
Ipyoy ainhfi iirUaipov fj tAc oupatv ll^t£o%. 

Krjv dCv fiouvov ffie i^ur^fOg \i0oun, ff 0p6ft0ouTt, i) rt^ 
lEXXi} iSitj, 4 aXXorpitj ^f*^<^, Savar&BfK. eirl ywauc&v 
l*ir yip ovT^oiv icai wrripiov ^\etftiavit af«irM§lEi,' Ar' 
caip&v a, ri iayarov, to tv0i>, to ira/9a/nj«ree hnepav. €f 
voXXoifft Si iie icapT<pii)<t axKowiov {nr ai&ovt iv ^i/XXoTotat 
1} ^uvithrvotai vXijpoupivri SiariraTa*, aSpavlj) re iftpitno- 
Xijc oJnKcri pifOirjai. iirrjv ouv iwur^ ra ovpa, irXff/Mvo'Kf 
Kai Tur VJnpdev fupiaiv vt^ptav, oitptjnjpior itax6aitsr 

' la all Itie M^ thu (Amnion 
leading U fXiy/ioviif, trara wlitch no 
■iiitolili? miHUiiD); can be e!i<'il»l. 
Enncrinii Inmxlncc* many duuigu; 
thin he nadi^ — aintitv tai iiartp^ 
^■Tptqiuaii Ar xuCh; adil. in tho 
ocn duua ho muoi ri tiSi. 67 
mcrol; cliaiieing ^ly/ianlc into -4. 

I am pcnuwicd UuU a IrptinuiM 
TMiliiig Uobtamcd. 'Avawiltia iia 
lllppocnitlc Icrni. Art. SOT, «i). 
Vht^ II u 10 b« borne in mind ibni 
tho fXiyfiDfj of IhD oncionu wn« s 
Phltemu" ruber than an iaflamnw 
tiont i.#. it wiuGyjMcJJn^pdc- f^ 

r^tt, iBe.mpp. 


n?.vi Atriati km siiaiEiaN 

XA/yovwir o&uvt) ffaptiij, <rwaffiiK, Tpoftov, ftirfca, fvatfufv 
irapA^pat. ^y H irpo^ rmo't km ?\kw veTiw&g t) ^iKfrffto- 
vijv, TToXXd f^v rd Kaifa, S>jt6po<t Zi iroXXi>f t( eXjceat*- «- 
jCUTTOt. uXX' aii<pXfiiv lXjt«xtKai amaratruK -TnmStoi, tcai 
T&V oKoaa /*ii i^vrara 0, tv rdirt ^(poyioiffi XeX^'fero*' 
iiciffa Si Karo^a, «a! iv ^ ifftipriaw, ^ oki^ 0aiT<Tor, 4 
ffpaSioP «T€tW(, oKtMov )l>X(ytu)vi), ^ Bpip^ai, f) XiSoi it rhv 
rpdx*lXov ifiveirmv, vepl rtivBt vvv fpioi. f/y ovv t» toitAbv 
^uf*fi^, ovpaav emtrj^ifftfi, Syicot iv t^ i/irvyaarplip, oiinn} 
0^11), iravnj 7^ tctuXii)^' irfpiratrK rfj^ kCotw^, 6 atj^pit 
ISpaxi r^ BtxaTt}, ffiUTot ^Xeyp^-rtuSttt, cTrctra j(oXiaSen, 
^f(S SKov, ttoSwv hi /laXXor f/v Si ini /li^ov ri komov 
ipirp, wperol XvyytoSfev, ir^vyfioi, arafiij wia-o\, ncai fu- 
Kpoi, ipvO'jfui 10V TrpovtirTrov, Si>frtoBeei, uwo/Ji'ij, ynoft^v 
irapd^pot, tnrao/ioi. ivl Si ^pfioKOiat- SijXijTijpiotot, 
KavSapiiTi, ») /SovjrpijffTt, Koi trvti/juiai ifivivparat ^ MVtrrn, 
Koi ij ^v/*ira0a KoiXii] ffuuoripf}, koi irdyra leaieUa, lau oirit 
«<V fUtKpov 1} ToO Oavdrov aftffoX^. 

Aifiopfioyeet Kori mJoTw" ^v0qv rt Ktu Xctttw TpSeTi 
atfta' aXX' ovSiv rt iio. t»3v& Bv^ieovat, k&v fii) pyjiBiv <( 
hriajftaK" aK>C ^X Totai Bpafi^oiai km r^ ^\py^»^ « 
KlyZuvot. ^fi9 yap Koi penpaiaK, Ktu yarfypaiytoatev, xai 
TO, etrl TpSe Kaica pjiiBi^t Kreivft. 

t^pet &e TO'i voffovv, X^^f^' ""^^ fi€Tom>poy. ^JuKti] Si 
OK/ii}, frt Si fiaWov y^pav al Si aXKai. Sipai koX al ^MkUu 
oiff* f w^eoK ical ifKurra Kreiyovat. daivia-raTa Si vdvrwv 

Kf^. la . Tltpi 'YoTtpiiajf riwyof. 

'Ef T^ci Xwyofft rt!>v yvvaiKatv /tfVptrt iyxierai f/ ft^p*}, 
avKarfxyoy ywaiK^lav Hyxttrra t^wSev. KivicTM yap i( 


tavre^ tv$a Koi Ivffa hrl rd? Xarfovaf arip leal ^ ri arat, 
tear' Jfjc fifv uirh tor •^(oy&pov too Oiptjica^, ^■f tA v'K^ia hi 
M, SefiA, ^ e* apurrtpet, ^ ^s ^^pi V <nrX»jwi,' ypyyereu 
Si ical vpoKeTt<rrifnt ii ri icdno, xal ^vSXj^Sriv eXw/ief, 
■warn) ivrX irXawoSirr «oi eviiSew* offfujfffffi 7ip»r<T<w, xal 
^' a^rd "ttoi' Sj^trat Si rotat leaicoSfiMat, atl avr& ^ev- 
y€i' ml TO ^viivav cv r^ av0pwiT^ cori 17 {nrripi}, OKMof rt 

"Hfie oSi* ^v ^fmri'Mj? inoiaro^ yeyijvai, km iTnvoXv avw 
fieivji, xot! hefiidat^rtu rk av\aff)^a, aTretrvi^dfi tori i) av~ 
0ponrwt, Tpovov tw hrtXifTnimr, avevSfv tnratTfiMV ivU- 
^€Tt> yap etuccwc <mvoj(tepii} ^ap, Sta^payfiiO, irvtv/uov, 
Kaphirf. Tovrttuv inrvolri ^Wfivai SoiUtt ital a^vitf. irap 
Moi at ttapan^f^ ^vfivaBitj rtf; KapSiift vti^rriu. Si^ ToSe 
Kapudapitu r«, ml &viua0T}a[a ^wta^t $ctu xapoi. 

riyvrTtu Si xai aXKo irn&wt ainfs^t iKeXov rpSf fv/*- 
fiopip^, ^iv wirfl xal aipwviJi, oXX' ovk airo ivrtptp. Kal 
f&p ToSff Ktu avSpaoi yifiv^at KaroxuBta rp&irov. uXKii 
Tffff* fUy airh v<rrepii<! «a»e*i&« iltap^ouot oS^uii, xol tim- 
Sim vplK T^ yvvam^ia Otro$iauv T^ct Si iriptjat raSt 
oiiSiv iirapfrt^f xaX -ri. fUKta Kivioyrai avo wrripij'i, dwi Si 
TOW iripov vdfftoi tjiturra. fri Si tpofioi avropartn teaX ovk 

avTOfiaTM,... ' «iX\' J^ inro&itrxtK dftfiXnidpiSiov. 

^fi« KapTfpai rqs (laripifi, alfMppar/iif; a0pmi<t hriayeat^ 

'Hv ofV Sp^tjrai iraayttv luvn/iiiv^^ 4tw T^ vvxipfi^, 
OKvot ipymv ■npr't^to't, licXvat^, aroviri, yowdrav oMpaaiij, 

* Stmariujadidanily ulopu tin 
tugmwlon of Wigui. Biiil lulati- 
■tiUM wXqva lur vwXAyx'^' '^* 
ccomen itniliDg. 

* A> taggtntA hf WiEon and 
Ennwin*, tben apptan crideiitlr 10 
be a lacona In the ten haro. Mont, 
liDwntr. oMun in u; of oui Bii> 


nF.ri AtnuN shmeion 

ffKvnStvm, KM rei yiMa Xvoyrat, xc^XTf wovm, KOfitj^ofii^. 
riv ^X^Sof rat iKoripufffv riji fitvo^ uXtcci 4 yv^i- 

'Hv Si KteraTri^wat, KapSuiaavvat, ir Tmn inn- 

jfmipiotffi, Xtfyoi^ xeyaX, tvOa >} (fS^ r^ variptft, ai^vyfutl 
StaXtiirm^K, arcucToi, rjcXciVm^cf, m^ Kaprfpif, a^vlri, 
avaur&Tfaltf, ^ a.yawm\ atnjftoi, aaa^i, Suctarof km iwt' 
aroi i 0ar(er<K. oiiSiy yip tir)(owi rtxpASef 4^ XP"*')' 
^wi&eK. ipvdpoTfpM ftaXJiMi f*fXpt vcXKou rov ffanhov 
o^aXfutl fUKpiv ri i^itr)(t>inf<t, Xa^irpo!, ov Kdprra ftiv 
drmn, irap aiiSt xapra KfKOf^i^ot. 

*Hr Si fUToxtyfirai Kort h Spip- ^ i/aripif, ir^ir « t(Xo« 
Uviu TO vaffot, SiaS^paaKOVffi t^ irviya' fwr« mmX/i} inro- 
ffopffopv^et, ir/poTfi rStv ywauenttov ■nrrsav, ayatrvoif Zaau- 
Ttfn] KM aa^tnipif WKumi tK toS tfa0t<K q eftptrn, Skw 
Kai 6 0dyaTOf aKuno^. Koi yap ^tSutK tomt* and vpoayw- 
pUt' aTttp ^Si ptiiSutK a^titrraTM' oxpAirKoot re yip i} 
vtrripi}' irfpoi Sk Kol ot Vftere^ o( op^qc^ aurif:' tr/piw Si KoX 
TO j^piov, tv0a Kterai i] vcntpi}' Trpbi Sk <^trf^ re Koi 6pfi§ 
Xpitrat ijSeary re Koi aqStcaf. pij^Mi otv »«j« Skwv 
wpifivor iv$a xol h/Ba, avta re Koi xdrta vKmtt. Sti raSt 
vt^UTi TO wdGov yiyverah yepatrep^at Si ffiuirTa. $ai yip 
^XfKiij ^€ Kal ffurrif Kai ynoftti vXavoiBec-ripi}, rijin xai 
iiinipij ivri pe/ifftiStjV oinjXtKetrTeptjtTi* Si fiioToBia icai 
^Xufitf KM ^Un, KM yviofii], Koi vtnip^. ijS* fiv oiv *} dire 
virripiji TTi'tf /tovi^at yvvat^i Tfaponaprteu 

TirfvtTM Si xol ^wi vpiK avSpa^ troBea iri varipij, ^X«7^ 
tMvrj, aifioppayii)- f nvd Si Kol rit vapeoyra tnffitla, irvpmX, 
dc^wf/jj, ■^tifiv, lufwvlt)' <V1 Si Tfi aifiopparfiri km o^Ortpoi 
ol Oavarot, OKoiav T( iv $^ ff^arf^. 

* Thia U. nndoutitnll;, thn true hu no mitablo incaning. Sec Wi- 
Rading, Uid not mtKacmTipj/in, whii'li gon and £nncrin«. 




K<^. 10. Xltpi ^arvpidtTtcos. 

Oi owTvpoi ToC titonTov ttpol iv tyvt ypat^^i xai rtiun 
itfdKtiaai Spdta Iirj(pv<n r& atSoia, ^Vft^oXov toC fftiou 
vpi'jrfftarfXi. firri &i xai ira$so>t «St't;, HviajfovriK opOia toC 
va<r)(ovro<t ri atSoui' ivUkftOK aarvplifat^ ^ oftotonfra 

irpoaoSauTt oiiSiv ^t^Xeovra*' ovBi iirl imW^vi km. cvvc 
yhat OfuXigat vprjCvovrtu to Sp0iov. <mtuj^ S( aita,vtiav 

;^ciSo«, ^iKcTffiovri TMf a^umv leui irovo*, ipvdyjiM irpoaanrov, 
xal iMfias voTiBt iw'Xi?. TrfpurreXkofuyot, ^vj(p firtkinroi, 
«nTj^«v, &tnrtp a)(06fin'ot Tp ^vfi<f>op^- ^v Si {nrtpiffy^ 
Kol T^c <n'5d# TOW at^pwTTov rh TraSot, axparin f*iv yXtitaoift 
rt ti aieoaftov' aKparie^ £« e; to aft^aSov xai tit? tov Ipfov 
■jrpijjtw, vapiitf>opoi t^i- yv<afi/i)y et to atrxrjfiov. xar^tif 
yap ov Svvarrtu' St^rmScef, ^\Jyfia iroXXhv ipAovaf (trartv 
Tolat ■>(fi\£at a^prm r^i^rai, vietMrjTtp rourt ipywat twv 
^parfaV a-rhp ^8J off^^ ofioir]. otpov e'f iwurx^im voW^, 
XcvK^K, wa;^i', YOCotfSA. «0(Xmj u.vo\e\i}p.p.iv^, yapyaXiafioi 
avro/MiTOi irXfvpiwv ko! /ia<r^aXuv, tnrao'/uu&fet, airOffCTOC, 
<« S^ vpoatfUpoiirro, apTTaiY&Tjv, rapa)(a)Seer 

'Hw Se ii SXe0pov ijx^ to xa«of, ^wirtiScer *toiXi»)v r7njf>* 
fiivoi, Tcvavrmv naX fiwov twv warrwc furrtwis, JtrtTwiTjo-t'lj, 
{tn'oXfcat /ifX^oif, a^vyfu>\ fitiepoi, vurdevit^, araxroi. 

'E\va^ KOTt ra&e vdvia noiXii) eicTapa')((f(laa xoXXotat 
^\e^paTo:&fat, yp^M^eai, cfierof oftoieo^. oiiK ava^ev kivZu- 
vwf Xr)oii, virvov ^aSv% lail fi^Ktarov ^vf i? yap Koi irdptaiv 
KM vdpKi] vtvptav, vTTvo? irovKw. vdpitfi Si lau ^frv^i^ aaru- 
pitjuiv iiyrM. 


nEPi oreaN nAeoN, biba. b^. 

rtyferat &i to ira$ot ^pov /MtXurra leal Bipto^ rjXtJCi^t 
Si, fUtpOKioim Koi viotat. fiaXiff-ra Si oKoaoiat i) ^vo-i; it 
^wovvit)*' iroitttf i^vTorov iJS< aTtpvii;, iJSi JjUoffftoy itaxiv, 
TA iTGiXX^ fAp iv iffSofiij &v^KOvat. Xtrjot Si Srt Koi fv 
raucn vatr)(t>vfft tovto vh wa6o9, urn ^ re iv rii a^poSiaia 
»p/*tl ifuUtf KoX ra Xotwd ^itvavra Tit aur6r iyit Si pM- 
j^joawrjy /a^v yvrai^i ir/p^t miffofuu fifvtaStu, ii; inyyan^ 
ToC vX^coi Tovnmf aarvpanaw Si ^xioro. oBr€ yAp ^ 
^OK ainitav eroif**)" ^i'vxP'l 'f'P' f*^* ovSi ftopia ^ op- 
BtJjtrtv, oKuKTVep ai-rvpiK, '<rxti yvyfi, wrtrtp to Tr^txt «rw- 
wfLffV. ovS( yap oiiSi wiya ripf avi wrrkprfi voaiovffi &»• 
Spt<i, oCvfKtv oiiK rff^et v<rr<p>}v av^p. 





tlipl Xpoviuii raOwv a. 

ncpi KipaXaigt /f- 

nipi ZMroi/ioruwv y. 

Ilipi 'BiriXti^itit F. 

Uipi MiXayxoKiilc . i. 

IKpl HaWiic v*. 

Iltpi Jlapakiauis jT* 

Htpl ^iaiaz . • • • • • 1 • fr'< 

Vipl 'Efinijcwv ff. 

II(/)t t£v card riv nvivfiova ainaT&aiMiv . . . i'. 

nipi 'A^fuiroc ">'• 

II^l nvtB/uttiiv 10". 

ncpl'Hvoroc t/. 

Iltpi StXiiv^ iS: 

nipi 'Icripou . . It'. 

nipi Kox'E'qf . . it'. 

.• -.. . • 




K«0. a. Tlpooifuou. 

Xpovltav vvvaeev trovo^ fikv irouSMi, ■)(p6v<K ti fiaiepoi avvT^' 
(uK, Kai a^i^ato^ t) aXde^K. ij yap ovS' i^tiSA&t}<Tav it to 
vap,vav, i) hri aftiicpg afiaprtuX^ TrdXtyBpofUovat at vouaoi. 
oike fhp arptfUitv al voveovrf<i roX/Uovat e« reXoy areip 
iIBi afiapTiiyoviTi iv r^ai fUiKp^t {latVjjiTt, miv arpefUavi' 
^y Si Koi TTOi-OT ft) hrtiroyov pjvio;, Bi^t, Xifiov, ^apftaKW 
itucpSiv Kai ohvvtuhlav, t} Tof^rp, ^ xavaiov, Sturip iirrt iv 
T^vtBoKi-^ci vovaouTi j^piov, i/iroBiSptjaKovtri oi tcd/ivovrci, 
Af ffavtirov BrjOtv ainiou iptyifuvoi. iv0a &i} dperij Sw- 
EiSrrot av&pui Itfrpov, Koi fuuepoOvfiii)^, Kai iroiKiXit/?) ''"^ 
yapiTo^ a^Xaffov^ -rStv ijBiav, KoX vapaufMaio^- aritp Kol 
riv voaiovta xph o^XxtpLOV fpp^yai, xal ^wiinaa&cu t^ tT^p^ 
KaT& Tov yofftjfuiTts. ov yiip toO atoparov p.ovvov riwpif 
\aQoit€¥ov Ta^v avaaitvj(tt re Kai SAvTft, aXXet it iroXX^ 
Kai T^k aitr0ij<r{i]i' ivrpivti, uX\d Kai T^f >^V)(iiv iKpaWtt 
iutpaatri Tou ataftarov- Tott'ivBt rfjy fiavlr/v koI Trjy p^Xay- 
XoXt'iji' tiTfifi', Ttfpi iav at6t<; ipito' raniv 5' apifii it(4"^^^V^ 

S S 



'Rv aXyiji KftuiKfi a^^u<: eiri vpoTxaipv airij), «f;c ivi 
vXevvai;, Kf<j>aiKa\yifi xaXterat. ijv Si Bif$ify XP^*V /"**fV 
TO a>>rfTitta, leal vtpto&oiffi fiaicp^Ti ko* voW^iti, leal vpoot- 
vvyiyvijTat f(^v Te xai irXciii'ii BuffoKB!), Kf<paXaiiiv Ktkkriv- 


ISiat Si /tvpUu, rial fxtv yip il/Siof i irovo? Ktu afuitpit, 
iK\' ov SiaXtiwwv rial Si i^ irtptoSov TrtptvXft, oxtut Totfft 
TVptratvovai afiij>i}fupirov Tap' ^fiipir- iS\Xi>iff( £' awi 
Svatot ii /*t»nififipi^v, teat r^Be nKeov diroirawrat' V airi 
li«n)p.$piri'i ^ iaviptjv 7 eirtvpoaSfv « vvicra. i^Bt ') 
TTfpioSm ov Kapra St)0vv<v Koi rolai ftiv fj Kf^Xij a\r/(ti 
wa^a' Koi ijBe iXXore ftiv M £«ftti- oXXore Si iw' &pte- 
rtpd' t) fteTanroy, ^ fiptyfux, koX ravra iv TjJ aurp t)/i(pTi 
ptfiffteSia TpOTTov. 

ToiiTi Si •rai ri St^ih ftovvov, ^ to Xaih ficvvov, ^ otrov 
Api^iuv Kpora^s, ^ toi, i) Kal 6<^pvi! fiia, tf oifidaXfUi'i fU, ij 
^K p-ivtpi fUaov iv laa TeptVft, eTrixeiva Si to aXyrifia ov 
V^p^ i\K' iv iiftitrei itiftvei r^ r^t jh^\^ j(ti>pitp.^ erepo- 
lepavif) ToSf fiovvov kuXUtm- oiiit (vi)Bfi KaKor, le^v SuiKthrij, 
Kt'iv tTfiixpiv epi^vat SoKijf t}i' yap ip-TTtarf Kori ofetw, 
aWyj>a koX Seti-a vpi)a<xw tnraa/M)^ leai Btaarpoifti} rou 
Vpoaaywov yirfverai' i<fi$aXpM f) uTfvitV Kfpaai IxtKofTrim}' 
tfoaif 4 fT}Sf KaKtlat tnraafMuSff^ (vSov ttXAi^af aKoro- 
Btvos" i<f>BaXp,b>v inraffpu^Mt frovot 5xpi pijviyytav. iSpart 
6aj(^o'i, TevoVTWv (^aviv^ a\y»i' oxnr^pti Ttew iraja- 

■ Tlie changot In iho i«xi lii^ra 

iiltrodiici;il by EnueriiiK, are hIihi- 
lutvtjr dKiiiniiiliMl \,j i)ie CLiuraiiid 
■tnlo of umltcrg u Ihc; aliuid in the 

* Tlic common rcftiltiig in Ifpwc 
un\iTac TivivTiiv ihinivtit itXoyuCi 
whicli Enuuriiil nllvrt tv i^puic 
(ftf](>rof TtvatTW irufirf iZayrivti^^ 
iXeyoCi but the obvimu objectian 






f(UT« ^Xf>* vavriti, l/««ro9 -xoXecSettv, *aTiiirrw*'W Toti 
«v(*/wjrov ^r 5" fw*Tt«7J «tiw to Td6o<!, uvSpmiroi irt- 
Xtvryjffi. }jv Si a/utcp^fpov J, xoi iv 6\t6pov iaivhs, XpO' 
vi^ti, Sicvai irovXw, Kap^fiapltj, awopii), {i»^ SvaiJMpot. mal 
fdp wo»s <^vyovat t^v aiff^V amroi; S« Tr/»jvve< Toi/rAiiTt 
T^f vouovy ov £j iiTtStli' Ti 4 axoCo'ac rc^irvov ev^pof 
KanoSfUM T')v oa^i)aiv, Koi ot/re rt euSioev auriov^ ripirei, 
i/cTphrovrat S( icai rd itaicathta' a^ovrai t^ PUp, OavarSxTt 

fti^y IpTTij ^1 TDurt TTovotat, to Trttdot fficoTCD/ui yiyytTat. 

'jFTc Jof^t tA? ^^lof oxff' '"'^ Siyot afMpi rijv xc^aX^f fXiV- 
atjTtu-, ical StTa ^Ofiffep Sxtov peovrav Kava^Zov voja/iaty, t} 
olok avtitoi la-Tioiai eyKv^epvi],^ >) avkSiv, i) iirai avpiyyan' 

tradiK, Komv fttv, K^y ovp/irrwfia Kt^taKfjt, xaieiii Si, k>iv 
ix SiaSe^tw Ht^aXaiifi, t^ i^ ewuriTi^ jfpoviov vovaou ^vji. ^v 
ijWj) Toie fitv pi) altor/iyir7]7tu, fii'py;} Se ^ aKOTotiii), fj 
j(p6y<p futicp^ TtKttiidg rotut i£ioiat avp/Trtupiaat. o» t(vo« 
aiaopiivov, itudo<! to CKoriopa ytyverat, iv alrtp i^PP "^ 

to thU omcnilaliaii is, that it (Iocs 
nol ncfounl fur t)iu ciiiiiniDn of 
rdiKti in iJic rnmman l«xt. Oii m/ 
own BKlhorit}*, 1 tlwrnl ihn [iiuwa^e 
u ahoie i liul I timl ili&t 1 had \m«n 
nmipipnicil by Wignn in to fur. 

' Tliii won! fwi »iarecly tic ihc 
riichi rtwIiiiK) liut ii li dUHt^uli to 
find • proper jubsiiiuw for il, Wcic 
1 ditpoved lo bolil Hlltniiiu at cmrn- 
dailon, I thould propon to aiibtli- 
tnU J^pifiiroi ill {iIjici: of 111 fur, 
OOluiiJisinu lii>w fond our natUor ia 

of nomi^ric diction, nolliing »etn» 
»n tinlittnl at tomippoic iliAi lio hod 
in minil ihv cvlcliroiwl ivuinge in 
tlio Illivl, — 

di-Ifidia ti limit i'flt 

'Itriifi injlpiiitrat (tT.«aT). 
Wignn siiggctTi iytvptayif or Jjun-. 
tai-iyi but liiMC wordi sro nC iciuit 
at i>l>jciMli>nablt- ah llio (ini> ihirf oro 
intended lu aupplj a lubitiluli? for. 
In tliu MH. in tliu Uritiiili Mii*viini, 
wc r<!ad li'ifiyti rifi; aud ibi>, per* 
hapi, ia ibo trus rvkdlii]^ 


rpairf), fiavit}^, iitKarf)(o\hpt, iinX'q^f^, vpotreiriyiyroftfvaiv 
4x0077} T"'" «Sk^>' ^v/Airrtafuirmv truordftaTot 2* ^ iSia, 
fidpot TTft x«^X»)s, o^aV'ftiv /lap/iapvyai «Vi itoXXm t«3 
0'xartu£c(' dyvaiaitj itavrtwr re Kot twv xrXaf xat ^f ^t' 
ai/^att t) vovaov yiyyijrat, ra t« yvut Xvovrat, mu cf>fl'ct^(» 
;fa/Mi' vavrA; xoi */*«tw 0X*'7/mito«, ^ ^oXiuiioji', {av^Mf. 
4 /sieXwwoc, tvTe ^1 /Ui- fac^p X"^?* paviai ylr/vovrai' 
ivX hi Totffi ftf\a(Tt, fiekay)(o\irf ^tti hi t^ ^X(7/miti, iJ 

JTowtXoi' ^ dXXoiwrot' KaKW ^ AriXij^i'tj, fl^pifiSe? /tiv ^v 
vapo^vrxfioioi Ka\ Karti^v koX oKiSpfov. Iktuvv yap leort 
vapo^vapi><t «Is" ifv H fie\(Ti}at ^fH &v0piawov, JJf fiiv 
aJerjfta wai ivtiSea itai aX/fta <f>ip6iv, priiS{<a<i Se aiiK Jiirtiat 
^ vovffot, aWi iv ijXiKitiai re T^fft Kpeirraat tvoiK&i Kol 
&pr} Tj) mpairf. ^vvciairarat re xoiffi leal p^ipaxiotci. 
e^\d$ri lie leoTe iitt' evruj^ttji!, St aWtji ffKucitii ft^ovo^, 
eJrc T^ iC(fXXc( iTi/ve^t<rt Tift wpijs* dXXA xal tot* ^erefe- 
Ttpow a!vj(pov^ aTToBd^affa, iTToWvffi tow wat^s ^Siivw 
Tov K(iXXew, i) x*'P^' uKpaali)., i) trpoaiimov Btaarpo^g, fj 
Tniptoeri Ttvof aI<r0i)<rttK'' ^v ^« tfiMXeva-r/ to icaKov it pifijc, 

* Ermorins flnJn j;rciil illflii'utly 
In ox plain ini; tli<; cxncl mcnniiig of 
the Inil tcnIcnCD. tli' ilwa not 
Mum to linvu uilvcitml tliac our 
Anlhor hiul in vkw § IS, 76, 77, 78. 
TV. 80, of lli<: rcvi^ntli secliun of tl>e 
Aphoilnni of IllpiHicrntcii. Sco ilia 
Cammoiitftrj uf Gnlcii, uiid tho 
EnKllih edition, Sj-il. 8oc. EJ. t. ii. 
p.7T3- I lutul Mr, liowtmr, thnt 
riii'i^f w<'ni> Hunting in lliii jiIiuhi. 

' Our uiilliHT licre lina evidently 
In view n ]>iu«ngc rontnlnril in the 
llippoctntii- lrcBliao"On llic S«crcit 
Him'BW," Sii(i Svil, Siic'. Kil. t. ii. 
ji.SGI. I cniiiiol tec ilic «nnic ob- 
jvctioTi 10 ^Oivif, IliD I'uimiiun md- 
iug, >u> Krmmnii docf.who [rn>[Ki»<^ 
lo aul))lltul« fSipif ill piiicp of it, 
Tlio dtlirr, ultlmiiuh niiMa]>)>oi ii-jil, 
ifl quite in tlio itjlu of otir Biiilior, 




oXXd ^ftfiuH fLta^ Bavarov. Tmrl icaX iiriiromii ^ mvao^ 
tnravfiotffi «al Suurrpo^at fif\itpv rt Kai 6^iot, rrpe^frt 
Se leoTt xoi yvt^itrjv r? iiavii)v. aTepiri)^ fiiv ^ tov vapo^viT' 
pou Bit}, auT-j(fti) hi koI ij atroKci-^vi avriov, cvi i^oSy koX 

^\XA KoX ^o^o'i fi (vfifiop^^- Soiciti fip roitn if t^c 
irtX^vriir aXirpoiai ai^iKVtiaBtu ^ coiwof rowfKty Ufiijv 
ttucXijo'xotia't rij*' irti&titr arrkp Koi St' uXXd? vpo^xitriav, 4 
/i^Tvtfo? roD Koitov' lepiv yip ro fi-eya- f) iiJohk i>i)< ov^jku- 
W»Tj?, dXXd 6tir}t, 1} Saifiovot SofVj? ^5 fw avBpanrov tiaoSov, 
4 {'v/i.iriJvTo^v o/icti, T^i^ iKikki}<jia»' Uptjv. 

'Oicoffa fiiv oJv ft)? ^1 o^i'i; yiyycrai tj rai'O'^, vpoaBtv 
poi XeKeictaf ijv ti iv j(povip Itlfivjj, oihk tiri ro*ai 2ia\ei^ 
fi4UJi <i*T(c«v, vtaOpoi, SBvfiot, xaTTj^tie^, i^av0p<irmn, SftiicToty 
ovSe ffkuci'^i fi£i\ij(ioi, arfpvnvoi, Svirvvetpoi voKKottri oXXo- 
HVTotat, dirdo-iTiM. tFiyjrat Kaxoi, &j(poot, juoXi/SScuSeef, Svir- 
fioBits vaBtiT} yviiiit]^ rt Kai tturSrjaiot, ffapinjicooi, ^j(9'^ 
^fi^ct ayi rtfy jK^oAjjv. yXAfftra aaatfftyi Kal irapa^opo^ 
If inro r^ htaSitno^ t^9 vweau, ^ vjto Tpuftarwv iy rfjtn 
Kordk^'tfftfft, airaaiui&ftf. yXwava fikv tnpv^rai iv t^ 
ffTifUtrt irowciXwT' ifjn/Tarrrat Se xort ical Tfjv StaroMV ^ 
vovffo^, w TO irnrra fuaptuytir' drop Kai 7oia&< airh] fw 
{r/poTryri ^wf i?. 

iHBiaii^ Xi'^^i »• ;t^ o^iTt a)'Bi>&e>' ^ftlcra, Kapra oKiffpioV 
Ktma hi i^iovaa ov Kapra awttKfffpov iv he Totcc ypovlotat, 
7}y fiiv inriri Karea, ^ SvoevTtpi*}V KaX ^iraTiw irivov ttkevra' 
•yvKufi hi KaBapvK «vt1 ^Stv i-jrifMivlay, r;v tA oXXa amii- 
\t8pM fwfft' ^K £j ^va> peirjj ^ oto/mi;^^!', ^ c? ^ptvtK, 


fie\ay)(o\iiiv Ttv)(ei. ^vffdv rt yip iftvoiiel koH iptrf^i 
tcataiSetK, ix&vto^f^ Biairefiiret Be tai /cdru ^va^tn -^-o^av- 
Scat, ffwrphni Si xal r^v yttofiijv. &ia roBt koI fit\af)(o- 

Tepotat ii oOn i^i/aa ovTf fUXatt/a X"^') ^nr*7»'eT(M, opyii 
ii &KpiiTO<; Koi Xvirq itai xan^i'i] httv^ lau TourSc <nv 
IttkayxokiitoiK K<tXeofi€V, ;^oXy ftiv nj? o/ry?* trvfu^pa^ope- 
rij'r /if\aiyp S«, troXX^ ml 6jipul>S(o<t' rtxpap &i 'Ofii]ptK, 

"H^ut 'Ar(Hi8ij[ ti/niKfuiiav 'Ayufiifuwi' 
DfuirXorr* , &raY 9«' oi irvp] Xn/iicrravvn /ucnjr. 

Toio(S<! 7i7vovTat ot ^Xo^voXtuSee;, e&t' df viro Tov kokoO 

"Etrrt &i aBvfiltj iirl ftig tpavraaiij, £vev re vuperovr 
Soxid T< Si pot tiavirfi t< !fi.p(y(u up^T) Koi /Aipot t) /wXiry- 
;^oX('ij. Touri piv yap paivofitvoifft oXXotc piv « opyriv, 
aXKort S" h flu^t/Si'ijc ^ yvtapij rpiirercu, roivt Se ptXar/yp- 
Xmai iv XimfV itat aSvpi'rjv povvov.^ arip Kal fiaivoyrtu 
pey fe Trt vXiitrra Top fftov, d^poveovret xal £eci'<i Kot 
atiTXpa irptjiraovrfT /wXaTjfoXwiTi 5e ovk eiri ivl €t&ei &a- 
ffToc <jX\' >j TT^ot ^ppaKiijv vvoTrroi. •) €< ipiphjv ^v- 
yovat piffavOpmirtT), ^ « Jei^tSai/iovt'iii' T^eirorrai, t; /ttaoe 
^OTt Toii {flc rovreoioi. ffv Si <f uSvfii'»)« oXXot* Koi aXX*>Tf 
Sioj^ffi* y<V7Ta*, t'jSovJ) irpoayiyverai iirl Toiac ifkeiaroiaf 
oi Se paivoyrai. 

"0«w i«, iwti aTTo xoiotv xtop'uov TO iToXXd yiTfTOiTat ^/«i- 
ffw. ^f uev 4v Tolfft vvoxov&pioiai pipvy f} airii], ap^l -rkt 
^pivas elXitrcu, ital Stt^itt ^(0X17 arw6ev, ^ Kiirwffev ptXarf' 

* The M11M «viilenity ir'iiiirt'i cummon TCBding. Sw Feiit and 
(t(li<;ili)i- In ptarc of 9ii;ii)^>tjv, tlio Ermorint, 

XPONinS HAOnN, niBA. A'. 



ffrreu to vapaXoyov t^ o^uBvftitii is '/iXmra xai ^tovi)v is 
Ta voXXd TDu ^W, m Sc fuuvorrai au^ t^; vovitov fAoWotr 
^ aXXay^ vaBmi. 

'Ew liftiftoiv Si ^poTtit ahitj. avSpts fuv o6v ftaivovrai 
Koi ftt\ayj(oXAiri, ^ ical avSp&v i\da<rovs' kouuw St ivSpAr 
tu yvrtuites tKfuuvtnnaf ^Xjki'i], vpo^ axftriv, kcU o( aKfiai- 
fyvTis' Stpi) Stpos fiiv Koi <^0tv6vtapov Tuertt, tap Si Kpim. 

Tttfi'ipta fikv ouv oiiie airi}/ta. 7 yap flffir^Of, ij mrfvol, 
Kart/iftit^, vQtOpoi lavi aXiyw?, ov rivt iit airiij, fukay^ 
Xirft apX't- ^* ^ "^^ opyiXot vpotryiyvovrai, ivaSvpot, 
Syptnryot, ix Tmv utrvwv indopu^ovfuvoi. 

"E^ft 5* ainiovs koX -riipdas Iatottov, tjv « av^aiv to 
v6vt}fta tjmtT^, (Jre ttal Srttpot ttXi;^i«, SfijMiTtoBif^, ivap- 
yits. oxiva yhp viritp iierphrovrtu otroi'ov &y kokov, T«5e 
ivviTviov opiwai &pp>ftjf * Trpas ri pij^iov p^royvuiVM (&ko- 
XiH, aiaxpoi, OfUitpoXiyot, aE4Upoi, leal per ov iroKv ofrrXoi, 
Aatarot, iroXiJSwpot, oiiK aptrj ^w^e, aXkh TOuciKiri t-o^ij- 
paTov »)v Se ^i paWov to kokov iri^fp, puros, ^vym-$pw 
wi'ij, oKoi^vpaot is leevea, 5m5« xam/Yopof tpavrat Si 0ova- 
TOO. vottXoiat Si is avaurOtjaittv Mai patpteaiv ^ yvwpt} 
phtft, oKOis ayvSneit dvai'rwv, fj (ViXiJff^ove? itaurttai', 0iav 
^ii<aiTi ^axiiSea- ^vvrpiwerat Si itai tov aie^vtos is iroVT}pot' 

dvajfpqrat {I'f t^ af/tart is to ituk ^opoX piv, tV^i'&i j^' 
Swyoe 7ap aur^co-i, ovre iriere* »itre ffpwr^ ovy«poT«t tA 
/MXur' aypvirvitt Si ff«tSiT)<7t ^« Ttji- i^fw ^opijr TOiyapoOy 
KOtXitj ^pij oiiSiv 8i«Kra. tjv ?£ /coTe ii^tS^, fi)(3tl, oTpoy- 
yvKa, fi-f iriptppotp piXavi, ;^oX(uS«a, oSpa vpuipA, SpifUa, 

' Thb pa»3BK0, ill hU lite MSS., of KtnuriiK, hIiIioiikIi Tcry buU, 
in iriinfuMci] 1/ corrupt. I haic BiKt, 1 inlut add, not quite EMufxe- 
wIojiUkI iha cdujcciunii eiuotiilMJon lurj. 


nF.i>i Arntus' kai siimeicui 

aifuxSi<rt aarpovoiuri aitSatCTOt,* iftiXotm^^ aimyfiAnf, vo/- 
tfffK ^fjffev airo ftovaimr. t^yf* y4p n xai o- vovowai 
mypf}aTov if (inratSewii' rotai &e ajrtu&tvToi^t ayQo^pb), 
•wriKotfTftr), rixTovet, ^ \i$o^6of yiyyoVTat Si Ktu oXXmotcm 

^vraffitu. ihehU* yap tk Xifjciifftov iKimnatv teal 

lEXXov ovK tirtw, Soieiw aoirrhv wXlrffov fftfurat, »t fif/T^ 

Mv6o\oyetrat Si kuI t^Sc' riieriov 4&j ivl oTirof fiif 
<rait()pmr ifr/Artf^ fiv, /MTf»;cr(u fi/Xoc, ko-^m, ^vtrai, ^vy- 
•yoft^aiu, apfiiatu, ^w^eXiirat Softov rtj^aXfitK, tokti ipyo- 
SiTpirt o/mX^toi, ^vfiffrivai, afif^^fral ra tpya fitaSav St- 
xaiov. 6 Si im /tiv tou j(upiov rod lf>yov &Se el)(€ ynifirtf 
fle 5^ rff/i) KOTt K ayop^v, ^i \ovTpoy, v Tty eTeptjv avarfictfv, 
Ti^ei? TO vrrXa irpwrov furtvey, etTo eirYyev cTi/iw ilfitu*" 
iirlji' Si airtjXSt ttjv re t&v oucermv Ocrii xo! T^* ToD !pyOV 
irpijfi« ira.1 Tov )(wpiov, vafurav f^t/utirero' Kfjy vtiKivSpo- 
f'V^V ''"X"- "^^'s i<J*o^pivft. itai ffit rov x'^piou xai rije 

1<rj(ovai Si ti/v airt'tiv tow MtnJ^Toe Kt^\i) kuI \nn- 
j^ivSpta, aXXoT€ /icv Sfta ap^o> •ap^dp.ei-a, aWore Si aXXjj- 
Xoiffi (wTifitapovvra' to Se Kvpof h/ roiai tnT\iiyj(yotol 
hrrt rTi ftaviri xa't /itkay^Xir}, ottua-Trtp fv t^ ik^\^ Kal 
Tottfi aiaO^ofai to iroWa TOiVt ^pevnuioiffi. oiSe /tiv yip 
vapatvffm-ovrat, xal ri ft)] wapeoyra ipiovai Siidfv cm 
iraptovra, Kal ri fiij ^atvopeva oXX^j Kar Syjrtv tvSiiXKtraf 

*TIion(!li I liAT« 
with iho wxu 1 ftm 
to lliink llial [li« Inic 
be AvTo^i^^llrrot^ Ic 
Thylui, Afjiuntrn. 9il4. 
the cKkmptv rvlcrrpil 
funl IcxicograiiHim. 

not Tn«d>11e<l itifarret ■■ wnnnimni mwil^rno- 

miiRh Inclined Djinoual/with ui-ru^ijii(rut(nnni(l- 

n'xling would Ij, Lucinu, II»t. Cviucr. 3t}. iit nnt 

occnni In Xm- tn point hero. Wu cannot mj/ that 

By the way. " artrenomy " ii unlauglit, in tlio 

lo by the Ox- Muna wdm that wa can any tliut 

to [itvvo that " political iiasitcily"i*(0. 

xpoxins nAenn, bid.i. a'. 


&h TKfA avri<iav m^ jfp!) 'ftyyauritetf. 

'Hy otv fiiya if to koxov, (vnrikjjrot, o|«ct ri/v altrfftjffty, 
Jnrmrrot, opytXoi, owe or' airijj rtvi, BvaSvfioi fth aKirfmt, 
etffi (h OKvOpbivov i] /iaviij Tpiircrai' ctat Bi C7 0vf*rjh!tp', 
f69v/iW oXX' 0(S« irapaX^ftit^ Srfpvnvoi, afupu aWoueSte^ 
rds' SyjrUK, Kt^)aXa\yiei, ij vdvTW 'ft fiapw T^f xe0aX^ 
fwcecTf tv^Koot hi, aXkh ffpdScaroi T'jv yfatfiijv. hr ivi- 
otfft fhp taai, S^ ^^o( <5r<uv, ica\ ffa/idoi, ^;o" ^ 'J* co^- 

f tv«o$««;, uiTwSccv, ^Of>oi KoJ "Kaffpoi Iv r^ iStaSlJ. aypv 
•miovffi yap' aypvirytri H ffopof irAp oiSi ur)(yoi wf vo- 
fffOVT*?" /wXaTX"^*"''**!' /ioXXoi' cvaapKtr]'* xal vwai^ot. 
^ Bi Ti Twv ffir\a7;^iwv «V ^i^uirffutaiy ij 7(701-0?, T^k Spt^iy 
4 i^f $prifrtv itftffXvyet' o^6a\fiol icoTXot, oii (TKapSaftvTTov- 
7W* ir^ Twr o^a\f*vv ivBiiX^iara icvavta, ^ /tcXara, olcrti' 
^ fi^-arf^Xirty i) rptm^' ipvBpoiepa hk olmv vi futvi^v, K<u 
^oiviKea ^vraafiara, woXXokt* fiiv ok avoTTpaTnoyjOi 
TTvptK, ica\ rapffoi aiiriow i* airo trtnjTrrov Xa/it^aVti' /lere- 
^Ttpotat &i Kai ivipvSpoi ml v^tftot o<t>$akpot. 

*Ehii mpv^yt Zi rov kokov ivetpdnrovw a^poBtf^i'ov £^ 
acrp^fTot em&vplij, drAp ovBi *V to AfxijiaBov alcin: i) 5*i-« 
ofuKliisr vovGeali} hi KaX iiei-rtki'i^i « opyi/v fVpnr«Tfl<vT« 
^V TO 'jrdpirav iKpaivovrai. Tovm^vSfv aWvi dXXji ficUverat' 
01 ftiv ffeovfft daj^erwv, ovre Sirtti tiBort^ it tovtA iroXiVa 
SpofUovoi' oi Si (1 Sipov Toun viXav a<^ucyiovrai' oXXot o 
aS /9ow<n o\o<pvp6t*fvoi dp-jrarpjv, ») /3(';v. oi Si ^vyavBpa}- 
irtvovai « ipjjftbiv, a^iat aiijlotat oniKtomfi. 

ElSe ir dveaivijitoiev Tov KaKvO,va0pol,]]avj^oi,t-7ri\.iJ7TO(, 

*b awM Iw «4mit(c<l. iIiBt Er- 

koWng that i»ap*!i! ii Uis tnw 

62 nen AmnN kai riiMciiiN 

it ivurTaai>}v yifi rift vourov a^iKVfOfievw, ay^Qnai 7$ 

Mavli)<! eiSo; Irepov. 
Tifivovrai tiiw ri fi^Xsa, ^«r? tStoif , w <l7ra*Towff(, p^ofM^if- 

ftovvov, Ta tl oXXa irwtfipovfovin. iyet'povrai Bi aiXia leal 
Ov/*r]his, 7 fi46pt 4 Ttof TToprorrwv vporpo'rrf). hOeoi ijS* ?j 
ftavit}' K7)v airoiiavtaiTi, (V&uftot, aKiSeet, o)? re\tc0fym rfi 
^fj*, axpoM Si ital tiT)^voi, Ktii ii fiaitpov aa6ev€es iroyoiv r&V 

K*(^. f . riepl XlapacAvattof. 

jiiTov\ti^iVi TrojKnrXiJT'*?) TTiipfffK^ TrapdXutTK, Striarra t^ 
yivd ravrd. Ij yap KtyijaiiK, 4 <i^ti ^iafupolv iari cxXct^ric* 
mri ml yiw;*!;;, kotJ mil 1-177 £XXi7c alvS^trttK. oXX* 
AjroTrXijft'ij tiiv oKav roir ff^'Jtew, «al rffi ataO^aim re ksI 
Twi/nj* jcat ittfijcrw? e'ffTt wapfiXwri^. Toiyapovv uTrojrXijf- 

irapairXttyif} Bi x«'f>w(« /iii" n^Jj? nal Kty^trux!, aWi fi^pfOV, 
1} j(tlpi^, 4 crx^X«o«' irn/iuXLVif Sf ok Mirav Kiv^auK 
fiovvov, ivepyf{r}<i re ir&ptai^- t)v B'( aifti} ^j<Xf iVij ftoiivt) leori, 
— irmivuiv hi ri Totiivie, — avtuadrjtrtrj /loXXov ») 7r<ipea-i9 
KtK\^ffK€Tai' ffv Bi uiroirXtjicrov 6 ' JinroKpaTt]^ ftifjl ff«Xo? 
tA kot' rftf, OK vtKp&Stv, t6 ^xpttoy icai to avd>£k OiXti 
^p^eai.^ 8 yhp i-rr'i t« ^fiTravrt oTroirXijfi'jj i<rr\ loyvpi}, 
ToBt iv T^ aKiXil trapaTfKrfiitjv <f>pa^et' Kwtrrtos Be ovpfav 
trxiotoi '} utpatri'ii, inffwtrt? to niipiov ffkf^ptai' Bi Kai 
fi^Xmv Kai ftu&v twc <V 7V«ft>«, koI yiviXK ivl ffartpa vapa- 

' ISppucnt. Aph. S. 4>. 

* Ulpfncm, Ejiid in.; and Pror< 




K}>jjaK' ikKwrtv Si TowaTwv koX aladi)awK vpooKaipov 
vdpieriv iea\ a-^v\ii)v Koi Karatrrtoaa', XivoOv/uriv ita\4ofj^v. 
napUrat &y, aWort ftiv /tipea icaff ev, o^piit fujvvt], >) 
SaxTvXof, ^ Sri fti^, X^^pt <"V^^^' oXXorc Se ofiou wkevvar 
Kai vort St^ti fiovvov, ^ itpurrepi, ^ ^iji xai t£^, ^ ^^ 
varra' hr' iitptffkvt H ^trffov. oil tA hKcrwra nouvov Kid 
ifUcvv/ta Koi i/M^vya, 6tf»0aXi*oi, X^tptv, oK^XtK, aXXa xal 
t4 ^Vft^via, pit is TO Iffov, KaX fXSaaaa /w<r^( rotv opiiov 
TOW ftMOv, jwi vapia$fuov Jy, mt taOftw, mxl miTavofftt ^ 
^fuav. SoKUU Si eym Kcne Kal <rr6fiti)(0V, imi rA Imtpa, 
KM Kventv, Ktti to -TTapiiftTjKf; tvrtpov aj(pi r^t ^p)^^ roivro 
7reTrov0evat' dWi to. piv fUKeaTa (vrt/'i iK\v6peva^ Kpvma 
xoi aifxivia- ^furtXtev Si icai at ivipytuu' r^Si pot Soicitt 
Koi ^fUvaOia ipptvai tA pipta Styrf vtro njv TOJ/ffOf Ter/Mj- 
pivtu roSt p^vTot TO vpjffpa BiSarfpa Siai^p^ Swapioi 
Tf Aol Kpiaiot irpoi apuTrepci Sv^iot'i. tin) pkv yap koI ^ 
vpoaO^ovtra avriT), ^vvai, Si ap^lv toO vafffoi at vpoi^ii- 
vi£i, tji- Tc ^iJf«, r/f T< atte^lf), oXXu a/i^xu vaffflv ovk 7aa 
ir. uroppt/irot Si 1} ^vott, of ^x UroppUTTtp, Ttavritv Si «■ 
aviaovt aSwarw. ^ piv oiv r^ x«^X^« xtJTM 7rii% ti? 
apj(ri, OKOiav rt tov vwTutt'ou /^.tfeXoO r) pr)vv^^, ra ofuuvvpa 
Koi fwa^tffl TrapoKverai, Si^ia erri St^ioiat, mm, iir' apttrre- 
potffi Xaio. ^v Se KaripjQi KftfrnKti, eirl piv roiai St^Mwi 
TO \ai& irapoKderai, St^ia Si <V* dpitrrtpoiai. avriij H, 
L'Twv iLp-)^iav TWi* c<vpa»' ^ /7ra\X<ry>J. ow ^Ap /mw' X^iv rii 
fiefiA ^i £f{i4 oSonropUi, pta^t ir(pari>v\at, aXX' ip^ura 
TJ apxi' «'««'Ta evtfi** ^' iicflva 4>otT^, aXXijXa«7t ^oXXo- 

• Th* fominon rt»ding, JXufan" 
vivu, liarini; rviilvilil* na nii'iinln)[, 
I Tollow Wignn nnil Krmcrini in 
ailopuag tlii* ooril. 1 uui hIso 

initfbivit to the latter for rorioua 
oihct uncndmciiu in ihi* clin{iicr, 
which t do not Lbink it doccmuj 10 

luunliuu Biu);!;. 



fdf*£va «I« jfttUTjiOV <r)(^iuiTor adpoov hi tlpija^at, firt {v/t- 

leavra i/iov, the fUpta -irapieTa*, ^ {wa/t^or^oiv, 

Vfvpa 2s 1IXX0T6 fiiv ri «iro «£i^X% woo^i' ra&t fiivrat fe 
avai<r0^at'}v Tphroyrai, w tiros (/irei*'" ov 7«p pffiSUK 
fc Sutiviftflriv <f wiyrtWv p^TTJ* ToSe- k^c ^ev TOM't lavtv/U- 
voiat ^vfiira&^iT^, wia\ti koI Toie afuiepiiv Ajavfialfiv 
Eir^ct 7ap ital t^v tti^atv i^ mvretav, el koi ^l ijaaov ^ai' 
aXXoT« Zk ra airh fivav* « fiwf; trtpaiovfKVa^ riiht 70 icvpfK 

yap aina air' imit^y to TrXcMrTOf tv? «tv^ir«oT r<r;£f*'* I^f^*' 
S2 «al t'f tftiiT^wi' «ol fXoTTOi-" TiiSe ^evTot iUfi^fftiji' vdff- 
j^ei fiaXKoy a^aviov Se ft KoTf <f iwiT^mv eis ayai<r0tiaiijv 
tpertovrai, Soxa xai fiij eit to trofi.itav ^v Zi ^vvSttTfio^ t(9 
vevpav \v&g r^v rf oareatv vei^uicoratv rtvot, Koi Kpatvovrtov 
ft otrrka, ff payivTo^,^ aKparia ra p-ipta ko* ^njvpo/ieva, 
ovK avalaB^a, yiyvprat. 

EtBea Si vapaTrXi^KTiKSl -rAhf. SiXart p,hi h fmairiV 
'XiKvrat ri ptXia, ovBi •rroKivSpofiit* it Kafiyfnv, e&r* ^ij- 
Mora KK\a if/aiverai- nXXorc St KvXXi ytyverai, ovSi /? 
/t^fra; avoTei'veraf ei Si iieravvaai ^tarai, SittB^ ^u\a ft 
icavava^ itaTa^toy, ri piXta ^payyrepa eati/rcwk ylyvertu' 
rahe ■Kaayet afi^>ti) ri f'Sea, Kal tj hi to« oif'BaXfiotffi irap- 

AI[hoh)t1i I Hnto not vrntoretl 
to Blnr th* Ti-nitiiiu, it n]>tK-nni to 
mt, from ilic iliitiiiFlLon uliich out 
aoihoT mul^i'a alHivi- bvtwi-i'n tliu 
cunibril uui i^iinn] nvivrx. llint he 
mten here to tlie luiicr. un<l ihut 
we ou^lit lo icoil, iiuTittiov iiviXevi 
or, pcihupn. ihc former word miglit 
bo diittMiKol with. 

• Emmint lioM not hciiialc lo 
nihilHRtii nioO^mnc in |>liii^c or 
riv^irtoc. u fiuK'j-ing that [Jib wilae 
nquirc* liiii djiiiij{u. 

* Thif can mircclf bo ilic imu 
riMulliij^, Slioald it iiui be ^"rvJ 

' Thn conimon rcniliiii; is Imi'd, 
wlik'L np|>«iri to hnvc no moanlnit. 
The eniondulioii in iIiib lo Etiiicriiii^ 
I lUTC Dclu)l[Vll 11; aliliou^h I IlltlSl 

Iw iMirnnll«<l Ui uny. it 19 for frirni 
tatitlacUuy, Thii crnnHlalinD ^irvu 
bf EniK-rlna 11: "Qiiiui ligim mI 
rvgiiliiin il"larii["i Imt it ilora nol 
Mom at nil apjiroprlalc to tlie Jiae- 



Oiro^. ml 7^ fiyieriu iroXXov /« fieytSiK, tire vXarv/co- 
pitfv oyofia^ofiey, arip ^ ^yayeTa4 iv v^uxpiv t} xovptf, 
fuTt ^ffifftv ^v ij&i ftvSpit}iTtv iyet hikK^km, liXkA xol 
Kwmv vapiera* (ttI touti iSiourt tpyoiau f) yip tit licra- 
aiv Xverai, j) OKparl rh ivpa iicxiti, ^ f i/fEiXieriu It twv- 
reijy, etrre, orar irXijo^ ovpov, oii iUffaty- 

AtTiat &i TrapetTiot fiev ef' ap)(0VT4U Zi Tpuftari, itXijtS, 
^^t. dxe^/ij, \ayveii], alva^vylg- arap Kal ■^UX'^ oKpa- 
via vdBta. em-XfJftcv, tf}6ffoi, hvaBvfiiac trrap «ol Jra^hlolfft 
Beiftara. trvpfXuai Korf km ^dpfia ahoicrfrov «a! $ti:ya, KaX 
y&iWi da^ftrro^ l*^XP'^ 0av&TOv. uXXa ra&t fiiv ap)^ 
Ttpbrnf vaTaTti te leal Katplij, ^iJfie fft<f)VTou 6epfiov' Arri 
OypoTtiTt i) iiponfti tcaayin rlSe, urot hvi}aK$i)t "rvfi Mpf}^ 
ftfoXKov' arap ital itrl Tptofiari icai Suixo^ veupov avakBi]^ 
^\uti^t yipovrt^, nal oiBe SvtraXSets' vaiSiourt £c evavaicXt}- 
TM* tipi], X<(/M>i', lap BtVTtpov, evetra fieriirtopoy, 6epiK 
^tuara' ?fei«, o* ira^iltt Korh 4>vitiv, vypol, ap^'i, ^tuiiiStn. 

TtXeaOiiTTa p^v o5v ri traSfa tKBtjXa aifty7)alr} ical avaur- 
Otjaiij Otpfiov re leal ^v)(pov, arap xm riXfMtv Kal m^vfiwc 
Kol y^vaiwv. cvrdvtov rSre roiffi rh rripara tiXyiti, dXKi 
i<! avdieXfjo'iv oil kokUov ^ &irovti). ylyvfrai fihr otv i^avC- 
wjf t)v Bi Ktyrt Kai ap^a^ ^"TCJ ^"'i/*';**'*?, ffapov, BvaKp- 
yjlffiT), vdpKrj' ■^ijfio« aiffST/oK, aWore BaXiTfo^ tTr«pj9oX^, 
Cwvoi a/uxpoi, ^avraciat fu^vtv, evre aSpoov vapfKvBtiaav, 

Eiri £e xwuc^ arracpip airavra ptv rh rov iTpoaoiirov 
pipea tnraaBat ov icdpra (vvtiBes' cwl &€^ta Be ra apiartph, 
Ktii, it apiareph rh Sefia ^iry, efrre Kai r^ 7ecvoir tvffa jj 
IvBa eirl voWov ^ vapayoyi], SKiwi e^ eBptjt Kivou/iivTit r^f 
yvdOov. Koi yap Kai tomti «dtc i^^'t ro apSpw, cvt^ p^a 
^avotTxei' «rt to erepav ^ yevw; rrapipfirf tXXuiriv rov 0^- 
GaXpov rov aivapav prjKov, ^vv T^ vnOKoiKiBi, rrdKpos^ 
vaXXtrac Be xol to avia ^Xe^pov, aXkore pxv fw t^ 




tSlr) iKarepov' oXAotc St d/t^xu ^fiirr^yra ira^\a^ti. «o~r( 
Se otv fU/ii/Ke Kapra, aSpoov ii Zitrtterat, mi TDK ^wrj&ta 

Svarai nal yXStvaa' koX ytip ^5e fAVi fart «oi vmpar 
eJre vpiti tov ovpaviit' it ir^jiroe S>>.i} ^ ft>/t^wr*s aOpiov 
(i^JXaro. mi kKovou tta-rarfov ivoirfov. cTrarai Se leal Kiaay, 
Kai fl fiiv tA arifia <Tmdf(t, T&vSodfv iSoittj-rm i vdrar/ov 
ijv Si SirtOTtJffj TO tncfut, o^at rijv xuiviZa, a\XoT« fiiv 
trpoa^vofiivip' ^ TrXarm r^ oipav^, S\>MTt Si oitowwX* 
>jifiiv7fv ffiJ) auceoK aa\^vi ofiolmv, eflre xol ifSi varar/fl. 
awdrt} Si rot (vyea-ri Totai kdvikouji awaapxiiai. Soxiet yip 
ToXai ffetafxivotfft ri aTrdBea T7}v vovtrov taj^exy. t^ yip 
iKptTofftt leal T^ 'Xf'U '^'^^ "^ "^"^ off)0aXfMO fte^ovi, irfUa 
xi aivaph ^aiverai. Aeyp^CT-at Si Koi iv yeKarrx leai \a.\t^ 
Koi KOTopMaei. rk fttr 7c trivaph avarai wmrra ■nvrayifi, 
^tX« afieiSis. aiehrjrov ^v \a\i}, ff\4<^pov oiiK hrirpo-xoVt 
i^ffaXfitK «T«^5, (ica/ff^TO? ^ atf>i}' ri Si vyiia \a\tt, 
KaratMti, aioOdverai, yOu^. 

K(0. i;. riepi ^Blaioi. 

'Hv iXxoi *f dvoaraffitK iv t« vyevfiovi ye^tirai, ^ iicfftjj(ot 
Jipovivf, ') ('va7Q)77S at/iaTov, ical dvaffijaiTf) ttvov, vvti,^ koI 
^6un<t KtKXi^tTKeTM' fjv Si diiipti^ ^ irXevpov ifiTrv^atj, ctti*- 

■ Bnnorinii doc* not ■pprju' to mc 
to be wamuiicil in laboiiuiiiig f6Aii 
fur rrvt), conlrur}' lu ilio mitliurtty 
of all the MSS. Murcoror. it iHUna 
10 be oxciuilcil (Vinu thin plucu by 
iho tcnni in which our author np- 
flia fBiri 10 • puUcuUr aute of 

iho dlncAied part* — dXXd #Mi|i- /»• 
roXn/i^vii I i.e. " but t)ia ilinata 
usiiiiii* tlio peculiiu' nuav of 
Philioc," He i» right, however, in 
fuUotrini; Uie tiigij^Uoii vt PtUl, 
anil siilistiluting HXko^ for Irrit ■! 
tha cummcnvcincnE. 



vaftfTOt S« £(a TOW irveuitofo^, ^/imJij ^S* toBto/w." tfv SI 
vrrX TOMTi xol « irvtv/Mic l^ijtoi t<f^i dira0pta0tit viro rou 
oitvej(dhrrov TTvm, ravvofia oi/Kirt. iftwutj, aWA ^0o7)y ^mto- 
XafiBdvtf ^Oy€<m Si koi iriip fw«X^' *** ''^ Boitiftv,* 
\^yav fiev ovkot(, \^&ov Bi BC ^t^pif tBpom Kal ^v^t toB 
0'«7»«ot. NdJ yAp Kol T^ tBta ^ffor)^ iirri, ^v >) 0epfi^ 
^anrupij, Kal ^ yuiera ikXajiirfi, rifiip^v hi avdii iv roun 
av)tAy)(vouri ifKitXevei' B^Kol Si 1} Sw^pli}, Koi ^ a£vva(ivr{, 
KoX at fift-rrjficT. ^v yip dveBiSprjane rov o-«ijv<os Si fifii' 
p^ TovOp, vt^ oiiK av iaapKovri rt xat ^Bvvaro, km (v<f>6' 
pwe elxfy &v0pa>Tro<i; rfr* yap avarft; hrX /toXXov rk &avh 
ai^ierai.* o<f>irffU)i trfUKpol ical dfiv&pol, aypvTrvu], a)(pota, 
Koi raWa -wilvra OK&aa oi irvperaivofrvi' tSfat Si iiypAv 
fivpUu, ViKiZviov, ficXtJvtuf xaTaieopeatv, ff taj^poXevKtoVt ff 
X£vieax>Mpeeoir v\arfwv, trrpoyytiKi&V <^K\tipi>v, SvcKvrttv, 
ri fiavtov, 'Kuofitvmir ^ avdafiMv, 7 Koitw&iiov S-ravra Si 
raSe irvou eturi IStat. OKoaot yip ^ irvpi ^ SSart iA i^pi 
Tf/cftaipovrai, oil /cdpra (utt Soiceovai tftdojfv t>iS< yt^oMKttv' 
■jnirroTipTi yap jj S-^ti awtMn;? oXXits aiaO^triof, ov tw 
dvar/oftiviitv fiov>-oy, oKKi *mi rov ctSeos roC voviovroit. fy' 
yip KOi S^ftoTTfi IS}} fiv avOptavov i>)(pov, ^pav!}, aVa^^' 
ffovra, fut-rtTTjiwTO, arpiKia fmvrfvertu ^foijf drip ^Si 
imviTouri fiiv <\ao« ftiv ovk fern iv irvdixovi, fviTcnj^off'* 
Si irvperolai ypovioiat, irvmi Si km, aK\i]pi koa otcXcs 

' I Bia not ■«-«« that Uie term 
Ifix'q iKCmt clMwIwn. Bippo- 
rr*ir« and Galen, I bcfiere, nninr- 
■Uly un tlie ■ubsunlire ijtniniia, 
or thu •djwtii'v ffirvdi — the iKilvr 
tioinK tlicii morg oimmnii prncum. 

• At Bwt I WIS ini^Unnl lo wlopc 
tin atteraiioii of Ermcriiia, wlia *ut>- 
Whulti fi« tot /iq; but, ftflcr t<nd> 
iog CWliui Auteliauua'i tle*cri|ilioa 

of Phihisla, I win cotiiiiiMd that fiif 
!j|lio|irtifiirHl>luiciuliii|[. Theworda 
of Autclianui are: " Soqniitu anlcm 
K^miKH^ f^irala lattni' etc. 

' I am Dot Mitiiflcd with iriyu 
in ihii sonlencc) but hnv« not b<«ii 
»l)t« U) llnd > pTupcr Mitmiiiii* for 
it. TJio tnuitlolloii of Cnuiui b 
must 9iiitaMi> lo the Foctcxt: '' nl 
tnim redw*!!." etc i^<i. avi9^1 

r 3 



Kovat, oil iTiicv dtr^fiwi. fweuTt it tov 6a>p<qKo<t jSapor 
irXexifiMV fitp dirow)*,* 4^, tva^pirit dwoanitj, eairkpy 
trepi^jri^i^, Koi Bipfit] i^ t^c 5»' lZp<DV a)(fu Gap^jiteK ttj<; $ip- 
fit}<t Ova^opwTfpo^- ffi})(iK dytvyttyai woiKi'Xai, ixoiai eKe^a. 
^W^ ^pa>YX^6i^ ai/y^v vnoiTKoKiot, paZtvixi, ouk evito- 
pdytoyo^ okoiov ti ^iTerafievtK- S€iicrv\oi iir^voi, ri Si 
apdpa Tra^ca' ooTiwv ftovvmv 4 i^V' vf^vj^otTiu yJtp xal 
viiptetr Svv^e^ '^pvirol SoKTvKav, oi KotXUu pvaai Kol irXa' 
T««''' vTT naapKitK yap ot/w t^v iripnaiv(t)v ovTf to <rrpoy- 
fvKov laypWTi. iti T«5e xoi ivu)(ti fpuirot' tfit fop ^ 
dvaxtax'}, teal ^ vKotrraoK airrkinv, fJiTK iv T^<n KOp\>^«n 
weJr\r)<Tfi(VJ] tivcctv airrmv can itai i rovot, m/rtrfp Koi ra 
tfTtpea' pU o^eCt], urxyr)t i*<f\a inrfptayimrTa xal ipvSpa, 
O^oX/iM KolXoi, trriKiTvoX, favomvrt<r ot£a\coi, Ktu <>>;^!| 
q TTcXt^foi rk •apiatmra. yvaQtov ri. Xetrrh. tom-4 oSoui7( 
ir^oo't^fEt fxniiwiai iJceXoft ra wdvra vtuptuS^i. &St Kal 
rit vdvra fo^et' itryyoX^ aaapKoi, fipaj(t6vtov ixv€k a£t)XM, 
fia^Stv ovhi i'xyi, fieftufefi hi fiovvai 6f]kat. ir\tvpit ou 
itaraXk^ ftovvov ditnjfiov, a\KA km Smj Kpaivowrt, itr^tf 
f)T}iSioir oiSi ykp at irpoi Toit tnroi^vKovi trwaOpaxrie^ 
tv^vyKpvTrrof £>;Xat &e xat tu elt to arepvov iiri^oKai' tA 

* In >ll the MSS. ftnd edition*, 

txcfif'l ihw of Enncrini, wo rend 
JrDi^. iviiich in UDSuitalilu to tliu 

" EraiorinN on hjs own autliorilf, 
rabttilutM irXiiriaii bin ihn oUicr 
reading ii in Bcranlancc with a 

»i;IMin<;»Tl \i3DIC UiUJie. All (!|U 

tcconl (nkntUton have fallen into 
th« niiHtakc [if ii]ip1tiiiK this puingc 
Id liw sMoiiicni wlicreai > vnniful 
(xwninBtlon of lli« context will ihow 

that it in onl of llio quMtiun in this 
place. Cras*D* more corrccily ron- 
Atn it ibta: "Digitumm tcntrtia 
rugnd cl Ull." KoiAioi In ihEl 
plMc eridentlj appliu la tbc pulp* 
UftllO tiligvrEL 

* In Ihii pucngc wo am nnditf 
obIit;aliiiUB lo Emicrinsi in paitjcn- 
lar fur siiiipljiiig rivoi iri^lcad of 
iriii^c. I have not adoptsd hll 
othcf ^tonliouk 





Ititra Twr vXevpiav koTXo, j>ofi0o«iZka.^ im hi rrjv rStv 
ivritov vtptaymy^y tnro^^vBpia \arfapi, dvttnraofUva, ivt- 
yavrpur t^ ^X't irpaa^vi^ Kai XoTWi'. ap0pa ivapr/i], 
t^apOpa, aaapKtiBea, ko* ^ KViJiAti, ttrj(lov re xai ffpaj^itov, 
inrtpiayfi ij &Kav6a -rav o^wZvI^mv t) vp6<T$(v KolXt) twv 
(Kattpav (KTfn)ic6Ttav fxvSiV' atfimrXaTtu iK<j)avin oXa*, 
&WB? irriptrft^ opjtiffmv. rovrioivt ^v KotXtti iKTapaj(0§, 
afiXvtCTOf ^K S< ^ vfti^v tpi-rtTYTai, th ivavria toJct* iXe- 

Pijpawi fiiv oil ^wej^eei vatT)^iv'' SutSiSp^tTKOvat Si 
5««rra' viot Se f^^XP^ a/cfttft livo atfiarot ayayorfT)K if>divio- 
Sc«v yiyvovrai, ical i/yid^oimu fiiv, ou (iTjiBuo^ Si' irtuSia 
fwi^fi? Tj ffrfxl M^Xpf 0^tft)? Kori ^({^9 {rfta^eraf Ifte? 
Si fiaBtvoi, <7aviSuS(CT, nrrepVYiiSft^, i^e^&p<yf)(Ot, XxvKoit 
apai&rtpoi t'w 0wpt}ita' x"P^ ^* "^vj^l KaX vypai, oxoVai 

Kttf>. ff . ne/>( 'E^TTVUCbiv. 

Olffi iv r§<rt icoi\(ji<n th avw' miT iftc tow 0utpijKO<! t) ri 
■ruTiitf WTO TO Sia<f>par/fia wvov aTTOardirtes ylrfovrai, i^v /tly 
aydywri, l)*wot oiSt xaXiomtu' ^v Si to -jwoy Siefi'ij mitw, 
airooTij|iaTM« KucXiJtnrtti^ac koI A- /^o- 6wpt)iu cc roio-t 
6Ax(cr(, (Jro* ^K irXtifiovi, f^v ixStx^TOi ^oij, )) inre^Kirt eV 


* Thin word la moil prohahly a 
(kite reading. See Wigan niiJ Kr- 
mwiut. "Dm Utter mula paifhn- 
lla, one <■( Wi|^'« cunjoFEnml 
•OMOdalioiil. 'FiHiceiitia »ii^I |)i< 
fiauila tiavo >1k> li«cn (ugKCilcil. 
If 1 ihimglii myanif watmntpd to 
■imku nri)' cliviKC >n thv nwlinic. it 
truuM be 10 adtipt |liu^i[^iL See 
Fue), (Ec Hi)-)). ; and Ualcu, t. i. 
pp, KM, S4e, cJ. Dtrcmbcrg. 

• Thp change 0/ oSv inlo oi. u 
mailu hy Kniicriiig, ib iniliKpt'iiKalili!. 

' AlUioiiifli [lilt inclined to odopt 
Unait ih'iiiicd cmciidatiuuK, I must 
hxj tliHt I lliiiik till* rciulinit. tm 
the authority of Knncrini; i> a gruC 
impromuctit un lliu cuumiuii ivud< 
in^i Tov Av^fivviiv. Ill Uie MSS> 
of Anueoi, it ii quite common to 
Hnd dt^pHirou written dvu, I'jr 


nEi'I AITiaN KAI £!IMF.iaN 

vKlVp^ 4 ffT^n^, ^ Kara itt] vpo9 -r^ {t'/4:^i^t tov WVtv- 
fiovov wxtA pdxtf, "J w^ TOW 6<ipt}Kot JWp, — fu/iTa*-rw»' Si 
^9 01^17017^1' ^3<i¥ Tfi irOqi trvev/tvi'. viro Sj ri hio^pmua 

fuvaucStv hi KoX varipf iraftov H utti tym er xcuXfi Ttf£ 
nerrt iir6<rraaty ri ivi St^io. irptK iftrarv rat ttoXXok t» 
iffCi'ifft] *fa> TTvov voXXoi* Si wai £ia vt^pav teal hcuotm^ i^ 
iffiiptK irXeOi-d? ippvif, Kal iripieyey^ro avffptevo^. 

AtTiat hi fwol ftev avavTwy irXi/y^, uirc^^, ^ft^, ^£>^ 
ArowToiiSe. TOW* S« iv ftiJ^j«, /S^f XPOfrin, ttu v\ev- 
pSrK, Koi vepvirvrvfiovitf, Koi ptvfta xponov arip iqBi o^ut 
vovcov it !v T« TOiTewv av6(TKijyp-K. 

To Bi vypov SXXore p.€V afpyiv, iSpaviit, iyxtfral ry 
£K\^ aKKoT< M^ hpifiv Sotttw*, kcu (TTweSoms iftnoUov 
ftia^i SavaTov. tai 7^P *"^ ^^^w f^vpUu, &ic6<t<k atdi^ 
Apoffta. BioiifUi hi OKOK ef vftanK Xeirrov re xot ur^^av, 
fiaSfK ouie to^ovTo?, tov ^n-efwitoTov, T0<7oi^e peci irCov- 
'jroWov ykp ttoiXourt fweX^ij. aiViij Si tftKeyfuuriij uvi 
ntpiowrlis aifJM-Toi, i<f' ^ ■^axvverai o vftltv, arap ^Si ix 
voXkov aifuntK -rroXXov ytyvenu rv ^e<T^ ttvoit xlfv fiiy 
tC<m phnj, al irJWwpal rA otrrm icara x'i^av rifv mfAr 

ff^rinv, ^Oiviv fKe^a -n-paiTdcv irepav iiA/xfi/tu avfi- 

^e$&aav «it(1 ^vaiv t)v hi ^fw phry, hitararai tA Oirria. 
A yap ir T* Twc fuamv vMvpoiv t^? awotrraaioi: 17 xopu^^ 
iyeiperat, «&rc e>'^a «al ^"da vKfvpa iroptflfle'eroi. 

S'fj/i^ia fie TO h^v avdyrav ^vva, tA he (kiUttov rSw 
/3<ipo? jj trovo'! ye f tvoV Trvev/MUi' 70? Svovor iruptroi (i^w 
«pol, p^yea Wfiov iairipny, Ihpi^it i^r' avi^i, u^pmrvit,, olh^ 
fiara ci- ^*po<fft ir«ri Kal x^^P^" ^lervXoifft, S.\\oTe km 
dfWoT* Ka0urTap.fva, ical t-Jratpofifva- hva^piri, uttoo-.t/i), 
laxvoTiii ffJwjy ^c 5« xal fiT,Kot Xtrxri •) >i€Ta^oX^, t^e ^ft- 
„i5^. o^ 70,j m ^<«r« ?p7''i' ^«'«»- "^ 7"P '^^« 



luy KOKt}, Kotittv hi oLri ^f rrpf ava jcoiXifiv- arap xol ffij^ 
r^ vpwra, fUai^ &v f} if.\eyfui<rii) ttU^i, t&Tf xal vivot 
fti^yei ictu piyta, Kat $(pf*fi, xai ar/pinrvii}, xai BvoTTvota 
frt ftaXKoy ai^tr/fioi afuicpai, vaiOpol, aZpavici, Ttiv yvw/itiv 
vapaXijpQi, BidraaK tov daprjicti';. 

*Hv hi ij&j «S '^iwfiatv i/icp vvov, irtitTa (tiriiarar ava- 

Ta wp&rra ^Xpy/iarwEwi' j(o\offd^iav iwl to fttX/intpoy, 
Sxws c{ aWaXti^- eri hi hiaifMov koX tra\iiov ^v hi itaX 
pa/^r'jvfa6at ^XArj, lati aapKoeihitav fiadiuv' koi ^v pay0, 
tUt^vroi; fih- wi^uK, f)v ttoXXov xal affpoov iKj(yOu "^rvvv ^y 
5' oty iKpijf vxi^^i irptxiff irvov ^v it4ru irtprtaai 6i\^, 
tA fth> &vai ftipta tvQa f/ attitrraai^, It^vi Trovot, xoiXti; 
Vfp^i T^ Tipirta vhartitEfa fi* <j>\«yftar<iih«ri' CTTttra ire- 
p{ppoia ai^Tt^eoiy, xol af^tf oapicoethiaiy, ifv tj^; payg- 
in^ai Si Tovrioiat irvov, ^ &o leoiXitK, tj ovpter afoffai hi 
irdvnoy /laXXov, al «s ve^pow Koi Kwrriat /ictoXjj^wv. 

^iperat hi, ^v Tt aval, ^f re garu, ^fioos -ttuov iroutlXov, 
uj^oy, ^ XevKoy, ^ Tetppt^ov, H TitXtSyhy, if fii\ay, Kat koxSi' 
iff tf avoafLOv itaX vayintnov ^ fiiat^ ioypv, 4 Xcwv, 
^/toXfif, ^ fpvxy' at^fUiXoy, xai vapKoetSia ri iftvXatuyra, 
arpoyyirXa, /; vXaria, prfthUoi ^irovXtfo^Mva, i) i^tirSea' 
adpoov Si Vfpl 1TV0V eipijirffaf, 6ica<ra ftev Xevictt, iritrova, 
&yofff*a, \tta, <rtp(rffv\a, lad ayaff^aerat 6aa<J0V, t) t/rrO' 
^perat, •ireptfCTt}ic6ra' oKtiffa hi i^iajfpa, ^^uXwSea, avia- 
^idKa, fio)(0vpd' voWiy hi -rovritav xeuciiu, ra TrfXihvi xal 
fie^yeu tnynSova yup Koi aveafftofitva ffijfiaiyovat ra 

llpoa^vvUvai hi rovriotai naX t^v f^tv, Koi rd ^vyoitapri' 
ovra Tp vovaip. 4*" t^P ^* ''"fl <Kicpiai. tii^pto^ 4'^PV> "^v- 
ptN jlyvfjTai. e& re viaaj}, f&xpovi, fvairoi' f)v aya^i'iviru 



ijv &i hrtwpfralrg, km iru*^a i<t itaitov rpetnytai, avlKm^ 
tmK, vpoo^vvtivtu Si xal ra y^pta, lv6a at dwotrrtiffies" 
OKoaotai yAp iv t^ *rrepv<p to 4/iiivtffia yvyyerai, 0pali<av 
d^iarartu. ^iXti yAp Km aaapua mu ^vS^tuf^a ra \tipia- 
th Bi TOjaSe o£ ptjiBuiK Bexeriu ^Xtyfiov^ vtpiovahfv' 
AreKVvrfTa Se iiifivtt woi/Xvv j^dvoK -^vxphv yap ci j(6vipot, 
aXXd TorvBe aaivit^ ftif at i^Xeyfiovai, — t^s ffio* Bi K<ueai 
ffWTijfw?, — fioKpov yap Biaitvlaxft j(p6vov. airXifV Koi 
ffirap «at Ttvivixti>v ical BuU^pa^/ia i^urepa ftiv CV tnnvnatr, 
hctKiv&vya Bi itai davajtoSfa. 

Ke0. I . Xltpi tSv Kara tov ITvcfjuo^a oTTOora- 

£vTe OKOffoiot TrtptTTvevfioviKolai ay ^Xeyfia -eg, km fii) Sta- 
yjhfTOi, irtpiy^vovraf ol Bi SioStSpijir/wi^ee to Kdro^v tow 
ira^oos tfttrvot yiyvotnat. ri /liv oiv fieWovaij^ ^ lereXe- 
afUviji diFotrrdaio^ <n)fi,€ia tv railvi ffiirvoiot cXefa* ^v Be 
teA^o^, civ fflijv Kal irovtav ef atrop^^iV Kot d\arfwyi}v 
'XP^O'ii fiTTWoTTc/j eV Tow-t atiifiavi: oKKa yap pijiBitiK dva^e- 
pcToi, Btariiatov fxaWov twv apaiwaiaif yei'Ofiiyifi, ^trep 
Jfios otDfuirav. fuivb'i yap Kal TroKOrpr/ios o Ttvt.i/Atav, 
ovoTfyij} iKiXot, oi xoXfTTaiVd)!- T^ iiyp^, ^Wt/y dtr i!\X»J! 
eiipvxtaphiy^ovri, ftiiT<^i rifv Tfij^^e/))? dpTtpl't'i i^Ktiv, 
TTtpioBoi Bi T^ f'yp'f' ^^fSutt. tiiKaftirit yap ^Bi oKiadrjpov 
irvov. irAp xai i; tivaTryoi) avoi to 'irv€Vfia <ftvtr^.^ irtpi' 
yiyvovrat Bi Ta iroXXii, el fitj Kori rit t'nreJTvtyii d6pa^ 
i\Kvai TOW irfpov, ttj9 apnjpiiji; ov Bexof^eyijv rov rfipa ■jtXjJ- 
0ti TOW vrtJou. 0vqaKOWTt Se fiere^trtpoi XP^^V '''*'' <r'^»''<»^*o 

' Although 1 have nut iiiucldlisl thni wu oiigiii lu rtiul either iriiav 
with tlie text, J unjiuot but Uiiiik ur ufplii; iiuicnd of *vi!>iui. 




KM T&v ifiirviK&y rpoorov* ri Si vOa \eviei., fira^pa, vulK^ 
fitfUfffUvir aXAore h' aC Tc^poc(£ca, ^ iwro/wXavifon^a' Koi 

if avoaraait, e&T€ icat aTrofipiayei ava^povrai rav airXaff- 
jfcow. /3/)a7;^wSee?, ffpa^^uirvoot, $apv^rovat, ra OTTfOea a^w 
eiipfa ytr/verat, ical eiipmipav tiJ? vypaattjii Sc'ovtoi.' o^- 
Qakfiiiv Ta fiekava «~riX7rva* rd £< \evKa, XevKorara icaX 
iriova- fi^Xa ipev6i}, ipU0ei if rtp wpoaarrr^ Kvprai. ftiw* 
/M. ie ejtX •tovriav. rovo^ fiiv yap nxrapKiT)^ ftt{^y, <infrvj^t'if 
Bi Totvu iwarmepJi. 

E! awb tpo/iov taX yvfivaaiw ical wavrot tpyov Sfo^irvtMi 1} 
artKrtw), aa0fut jroXeiTat' wat q fovffo; Si opOoTTVota, Kai 
i}St KiK^Ttetrai ia0fta' cf 70^ TOto't vap<^afuilai aa$- 
futimvai xal oiSe. op0o7rvoMV Si iitaKtoy, ovvtKtr ipBt^ 
a^ifiart ftoOvov avairviovci tv^optai' irvlf yiip iv Kara- 
t(\i'<n. i7vfit(y ToO tovow rov 4itI t^ weCfxan opffoTrvoia 
7oCvofia.' Spdio'! yap dvariraTai ^ avavyorjy, Kijy vvrto^ 
ica7ate\iv$^ &vBpwjro<;, xiVSi/vot tryiy^vcu. 

Ttd<r^t Zk '7r\tiifi»v ^vfivaSiei Si xai ra ^vyreXovvra 
^ avawyoriy, Suiifipayfia, 8o>pt)^' r^v Sk KapSii] viiSji, ovKore 
ii TToXXov StapKfaeif. T^Se yap ^ r^i avairuoiiit leal t^s 
JW^- apxn- 

Atritf Si ^wfit Kal Oyportj^ jov vyevftarosr* S\t} Si vypi, 

' Sonl; Mine tiicK word u IkH 
U viintlng before riit iypaaiiie, ur 
tlic tc\l ill ulliarwiic al rtult. 

■ Knncrini tupiircMei tlio lait 
claoM of the teiiMitu ollUKVlticr, 
on the ground (bui It » *upctlluoUB 
uid out of place. 1 frat tliu niiut 
be held to be an nuwwMuulile 

libert; on tlia psrt of an editor, 
wlieuo iluiy It It 10 raloTo the 

ntirdi, but not BilcmpI W improve 
ilie Mniu ofbia tiulliur. 

* EnncflBt aitrcc* olth Fetll In 
milling irviu^ofoc. I un JuoU- 



fraj(ia, xoXXcnjca* €V7ra0iti Bi yuva*Kev ivSp&v /loXXof, Srt 
W€p Oypai re icat ••^vyflal' «l Si wa*8« rovrmf ireptyiyyovjat 
fitjtrepov, 4 yip ^vaK iv av^rjot Otpfitjrat Btnterwrdnf, 
aySpev Be tl ncai ftS/ pftf&Mt "jraBuv, oKXa 0v^vKovat $aaaov, 
Ofi^oXi} &i Bavdrov ocoict iv ipyou "Trpti^i, •) tV upiotai 
TrXeiiuur BoKirerai Kal htaiSertu, okoUv rt roWt jipi Tuarou 
ipyoTjjiri, i) x'^\K€V<ii, rj at&ijpcvfft, ij icai 'kavrpotV irvpaev- 

MtWijciiou Be oTffi'^ia, ^6pK Toi) 6mpt)ieo^, Sichk ec to 
fi/i^^« epyoy, drip tJSe e? atraaav irpii^tv, Svawota ev 
Bpop.(p, 4 irpov oSdf opd^v ffpayj(^iiiBe€<t Kol ff^j(toBte^, ^vaa 
iv Tourt infojfOvBpiourt leal ipvyai irapaKoyot, dypifrviit, 
fffpftaa'ti] yvicrttip fffiixp^, o^a^ift' pl^ o^etTj, c; dvairvoiiv 

'Hv Bi ivl fU^v TO KOJciv Ipirr), fi^\a ipvBpdr o^BaXftaX 
vpvneries, ^ «r' ay)(pyr}, pa^pm iv iypiyipaf' iroXXov Bi 
fiifyv TO Kaxov iv ijnn<f vyp^ luu iix'>^ ^ ^)^' iroXXoS 
Koi ^v)(pov rjeptK itnBvp.irj- i<i to v-ncuBpov Uvitu, va<t yap 
avTfoiat otKOi is avairvoijy oii BiapKt^- arairviovai Sp&ioi, 
Skqk a-rravra trtrdaai rov (Kieopiivov *)ipa •mBeovrf^, vir 
d-jToptifi Si tov tjipo^ Koi SioCyouai ro erripa, (u« r^Si pifyvt 
j^pto/ievof wxpoi Ta irpoffwwa, wX^f r&v pijXojv. raSe yap 
(pfvBi). iSpofv TTfpl fiert^vov ical K\r)iBa^- /S^J ""vvej^v, 
jSini'ij- dva/jatyT) trpucp^, \e?rn], ^^uy^pij, Ue\i] 6itot6y ti koX 
d^pov i-aavdtafia. T/>a:^X« alSeet wevfiartK irpfyn. \mo- 
■)(ovSpui uvtiTPaffpiva. o^vypai cfUKpol, trvieiyol, •jrtt^tV' 
fifvof iiT')(ya tfKiXea- ittjv virepraB^ rd&e, aTrerrvt^ jcore 
iviXilTrrcic^ Tpovtp. 

' Vi]C*n and EnjiFrtiiB Tv^A fitix- dor qaan On«ci rh<i^mim tocmI." 

H^i bnl the otiicr bcvidb Io uie [he Morb. AcuL IL IIX See I'^m.);* 

)in>njialile teiin. The aulliorilv of .i^niliTjt. L i. p. 48^. Sjd. Suv. 

Cxiiui Auri'lianui Kvins Io mo d^ Edit, 
cisirc uu tliK i-iiui: '-ULit(urlt«tri- 



'Hr hi i<! arjoBov TphnjTtu, j8^f /utKfioript] Kal apaior^pf. 
ft] vKevwv Tt irvoiv km vyport-pasy' ieatX(i)s rapaj^pi 
iroXXwf iSaTOiB^v ovpav ixxpicK iroXXS), k^v ft imw' 
Tafftv fuiBiieoi tjicji' t^ettvlj yfyvvoT^pT], t/m-ot airrapicee^, 
inroxprBpMV Jivfat<f ^ni wore vovm is p^rd^peeov hr 
ifiai. iadfta apaioy, \tiov, Kepxt^^f^* ^^ pi" ovv &iaZf 
SptjiTKOvoi rbv SKfOpoy iv Si Tjjfft hravitrtTt, iniv wptiuiot 
ipdotndS^y, tov wd0(ov <ftipov<Tt ^vpffoKa. 

K«f). 10. Hfpt nfdf/xo&uc. 

"AaBfUiTtK i&etj to wvfvp&Ses, icttt diro raS TTVevpovoi; to 
irdOov oirtu^ fir aaffpart. l^wa yap la^ Ta irapeoyra' apt- 
Mphv St KoX TO Bid^pov. Bvirtrvoia pfv yhp ica\ yS^f ncoJ 
^pvmirj Koi, 0epp-q ^vvd- Kal diroatrli} Kol ia)(i'6Tt}'i S\ov, 
Kol fap i'i j(p6vov^ tJ kokov atrorelvfrai, vXijv oil ■mpaitipia 
ivh<; freo?. ^v t« ykp ri p-eriivtapov Sp^, t!s to tap ^ tA 
Bipot ditoyiyvoVTOi' ^v Tt \upmv, ii ri /lerdTrwpoi' rtXtv- 
Twfft TOV ^{av. KOTi xo! yipovTf^ d\mvat prjtBtoi. Kttl diri- 
^ucTOt oKdvTts, ocrof fipaj^eiTji pOTT^<; (s <vv^i- ffayarov -jipiosT* 

* I ani nut ulisfis'l ihat Ermeriot 

invnUMOd in prrflxlns «i lo 

, eontmr/ to thn autltarilj 


'I bUow WiKiiti and Etmcrini 
In Mlo])tiiii[ tbio rwiltng in placs of 
ataxpov ^v, 

' 1 murt ni, I havD tarta beun 

•Uk III talntj iiifwlr «illi i>o^' in* 

,(Hpnlltiali or thii puungv which I 

■*• oen. Enuvrjnts milmiL \*ry 

LpiDjicrl)' rcuiaikt. tliiit in thii ku- 

l.teiiM llicrr \t »u imlirwt rrfrniiico 

lo • uaUbistcd vcnc in iIir (Eilipiu 

Tyruimii ot Sojihoclcii ninndy— 
apiMfH waKati nifuir' livitu ^or^ 
— that ii', " A ikllKlil indiimlit'ii uf 

UlO HCalc WU old pFTKrllli ultCp lO 

dcAih." But tben iwi^pttrm a.\6v- 
nc crVBle iliflicull}'. Imumucli m 
till! ttdjcctireticvCTuccurteUewheni, 
u far un 1 nin «wnri-; and, luurc- 
nvctt I do not «c tiuw a thiTvnrig 
111 aliuolil iiiN^Miwil}' m-cwliiri di^Hlli. 
IniNcad at It, 1 iroulil prefer liir^ 
ffiturm; thut tt to taj, wJlli IJi« 
UKUuiniCi " 1h<Ii>|! toixad *illi tib> 
Miucivd TciipinitioD." Still, boir- 



&Y^urra <JiratT« dfm-ooi, ff^vyfiol afuicfioi, iriwvol, AftvSpoi- 
iX)uk T<£Se fiif ^i vpvi TO iff&fM- t&iif Si ivafi^mvat 
At iri^ovTPi- fiATauyroviovat hi' oi^v -jip av^ffotxrt. ft 
8f T» TOW vXevfiovo^ airoppaytiji ySi'j, ofiucpitv, XcvKOV, arpoy- 

6*4)nuaTiK- ^v 8i aymcnrrrrtK i invviui>r 5, uypmv &i otaSir 
Tt ve7njy67»v i/ivXt<tn, SwAjf^tw twc irapt^va/Mn' rovSe 
/u'{i>)«?. oi fiir ovv airnryirfijaav daaaov, vpiv Tt kokmv « 
TO irfir &iro<Tie^-^<u' fien^^poun hi i^ CSepor wtpi 'Xayoya 
^ irk adftita to vad<K t<Acvt^. 

Ke(f}. ly ■ Tltpi HxaTor. 

*Hvap TirXi^fL (f yivtatv fiiv iaoppovoV Bf^ik 'rap tjSi hr 
apurrtpi ra <nr\ay)^va iaapifffia t^ ^vvv SviatH Bi ef 
Svya/itv Kai iv ir/tiij Kai iv vovaouTi. iv vyei^ /lir, Srarep 
TO Kparoi T^v Tpoifnit to i^o^ '•'X**' pi^i'>oK yap ^Xtff&v 
^ap'' arap ev vovaoiai icai l^ ir/tir/v vtiXXoy tt layypo- 
riptiv ixfi KOI Tov Bavarrov ttjc airily.* iieiaof ovv ffvap 
is iiytliiv Kpivaov, rotrovSe Kaiciov iv vovaotvt. Koi fiip 
iiri^\ry/taivu 0a<ra6v re lau Qtaiortpov, xaJ a^i<rTartu 
^Wf^iaTtpov T« teal oXtffpuartpov. iiri <TKlpptp hi ^idntpov 
<r7rXi/i'0? xoi irfpiaXyeirrfpov tcrtim. rk fih ovv t^ ^\«7- 
fMffltif *V Toto-i o^kai e\e^a. 
'Hv 6i ii irvov tpiirr^at, oSvn] i^eut Xffx^t fieai^i xXetSos, 

cT«r. there I* » dllHculi^. miumuch 
m tl wcHiid DUt be ciwy In find any 
■nthoril^ for 1)111 pnnlciplo, al- 
UiuukIi ihfl vvrl) )h] iiiit iiiicuiiinion. 
Bm Lidild ■nil Scoll. One mi^ht 
lliink ijf tliriiirVqcroi. nliich hoiiIiI 
Iio a TC(7 jiuital>le term, aa thin It a 

very natural caiiM of mddcD Jealli 
in lathiiiK. 

■ Ilippoenil. dc Ailment. 

* I have DUt rcutuiYd to tyxt if 
i'-jii^v frena lliit clausr. a« tuggcttcd 
hj Wigan and practi>«l by Emuj- 



4 iitcpov afiov. inri ykp rov aj(0eo>i eXxerat ri Sia^ayfiM, 
^ov ri ^vap ^pTijTaf to Si hta^payfui rov vwh r^t irXeu- 
p^ai iifUra 0pi$tv fvi^wrat yhp avri^- i Bi M t^ dcXtj- 
iSa i}5« axpai twi' Afiav tWorcriiTat, icai rdSf ^we^teXjcerat 
KaToi. TTvp hp!(tv fw piytai ra-i rg iirooTaffe', jS;)f f »j/>^, 
ov ^uiXa tri/xti^, jfpoitf y(\oi}^a^ot. ^v hi leataitopeia'! iataty 
ittrfpiiSee!, rov "KevKojfpoov ttStov' ihrvot Kadapo\ ^tavraaiij^ 
o& ftdXa, vtj<pa\soi fiev e*; Trdirra' 4^ ly Si rt Toiy irpoa- 
Koipw i^airtvrit -irapaKtriral, xal KarfffrdSriaav evOito^' 
SyiMi virh TiTdffffi »J irKevp^di, tlwanj Se iroWoiiri OKw? ir«« 
piTovaiou ytyyerat. aX/C ffv fiiv Ij vtri tAs y6dai Syicoi 
Koi 0&VV7I -Tric^evftevoK. to ^ap oSiiff cfiTrXtcov yhp vypa* 
<rit);' t}V hi ft^ inro to oareov £* fii/tftuu't oi'Sw**], to3 i^mi'os 
TQ OTffitloy Koi Tou ^ef ireptrfpa^fi Ka\ Tii 5pia StjXa' fieri 
yap T')V TTepiayettyijf titv \o^5>v it 'Kayapov to hrtyairrptar 
mi^oinra x^^ ffiucec trepirovahv hi uopiffTo^ ^ aKXriptt} koX 
rov viparos >} Aira^vaii; a^av^t. ^v ptiv etma ^ uWtrraffff 
^hrtf, voKKov ri Kp4<r<Tov ^ ^iVt! hfrpov- ^ yip « hnepa, 
4 ^1 KVOTiv Tpeyjttt TO ttCoc atrivearip^ ie -rroKKov >j es 
Kv<rrtv 6&6i. fjv hi f^u ^eirp, Kaidv fiif fii) idfAVtiv. ^v re 
yap ovrmq ft?, avtaBCercu- vnh rov -kxiov to ^ap, tecu owe es 
aii^oXijv i ffdvaroi. ^v Si ^eX^s Tu/iwtc, aifioppayiivat 
KivSwos, ital airrixa rof afffpamov iK$avelv. avyerai yip 
alfioppayirj itji flffart. ^v o5v <V ai-oY^ijv To/ii)e KariTi<t Kore, 
KavTijpa tfi-nvpQV Stat^vm wpSxrai, ital Siunrai fua^ tou 
TTVOV. TVVUt ydp ffoi T*;iv€( Tt Kal xaiti. xal ^v vtpirflrf- 
yiyrtUf irvov t/cpev^rei \evicov, ttcttov, \ttov, Kaxmhe^, art 
vaj(& ToiaSt xal Tivprroi Ktu t4 htiva fvvSiSoi- prjiiiwi re 

* In nuwt cf lh« clilimiii itier* l( Ki> Idciinn apppani in any tif our 

Ibo maik tif ■ locunn before ihMC Britiih MSS. nhicli 1 hare «xih> 

wnr<li : bikI Enncriiii nipprcMM nimtsd. 
llicm altogctlior, *« being Teduodaiu. 

UNE l-" 




MEfr/.i, c£:r;'' < 

Sr.Vt/OKD. fcAU,-. 




AXBi^at vdna. i^v Si ^ evrtpov to wvav iy\iijTtu, ^ 
faoTTip irpiiriara fiiv vSa-n>Bea Siappitv hrttra Kpn»v v\v- 
fi<UTi iKeKa' avfftv a& SvaevreptMiea uKola iifi fXiKct. ArAp 
icai aifid'KMi^ tarri mm Op6fifi<K i;)-^^. ^pertu ml X9^ 
^v$i} KaroMOp^, ij ^paaoei^^, xal wotot^ ii SK(0pov fii- 

*Hv Zi aveKTrvrjrev to fKitoi flrfnfrat, »ail xowiSca ff 
yaerTtjp oKoiov t» arprttliva imiiyfi, 7po<^fi HirtirTO': BtfxS^ 
bv' Mtpatrifji KoiKiiji re «ai itTipatv. ou vhrrtt fop ai&tv 
rf #1^ TO •(mV ""^P " ^^ To(ff& Spiftv, Koi wayrtK e« 
KoKov ^ T/joTTi}. trapKoiy fucnjfws, a^vyfuii apaxpoi, Swr- 
ircooi, cvre ovk ei? fuuepov ereXeimjtrav tov ^/ov. /lerefere- 
poi(7( 8e ^ Zvvfvrtpii} fxiv xal to €X«o? iiift), ^e tJSpwwa Si 
Karearpe>^f ^ vowrm. Tjy Se aTravra {wXtSpt ttOoi' Xeurar, 
XeMy, iftaXofj Jww/tov 70^ ^fCf>ee(, ^ yaarifp Trcrrei t« tA 
atria, <£«XTr« «5i'^pcinrof.* ipKrrov 8< Jt' o{i/3«i»- iKKpia0af 
aafpaXEarepf] £^ «ai affivforept] if rpSe TOii thmv oSof . 

*Hc Se awo tijs 0X€7/ioi^ dveieTrvtirov 5 to ^np, owovov 
fttv oil yiyverat,'^ toc Syieov re tov OKXrjpoy t^ov «V aicippov 
iBpverai. <vrc jtowk /*«■ oi fff^^' iwfft;? Se jc^i" irap§' 
ifitu}/ Si ml ^ipiitf airoiTirir}, iriKpwv ytvfiaTtev ^Sovij, 
yXviciatv d^S/i)., piyt!>i€e^, vtroKevKot, ^Xaipoi, oiSaXeot oa^iv 
Kat woSo?. irpoatDTTa pwa, fturri^p ^pt}, Staj^o)/)ijo"(e? iri^ 
iRiwi. KOpv^i] yiip T&v leaKvv vhpaty^. 

"Bvl TW CSptaiTi, fjv fiiv oiipa iroXXa, rra^a, iiriSofftv 
f^yra TroXX^f iKvti^ea xarappayp, «Xm? eitpevaai tov 

* I Bi Am chui)ti>J Icplti. for 
wlikh thore i> 00 nuihoriijr In ■ 
Irantlllvc (onn. Into Itx'i"- (Gnnc' 
riixi injiiinxw 7 dp. Biid fitithur 
Tcada luicfliii. En whipli, hovruTnT. 
thora in the umc abjoction ■■ to 

Itpiit.) But, iit>un *ecuiid ihutigliu, 

bf a (liiihl ohanite of ths pundiu- 
tion, I flntler myself (hiu I have 
brought the text lo a poiublo 


* Eimcriiu mbctilniu ilirnfaf tor 
Aropov. which latter word nviilcullj 
ii wrong- Sec Wtgaik 



vB<por TV £« Xeirri jiai &vinr6<rrara ical 0X170, ^ SSptmrt 
n/iMpiti- ijy Si ixeraffaKKij tk ro apyaiov ri ^vatt, xai 
Karappay^ Kort <»V KoiXl^, ^i iroXXoto-t vSaTwSeai ical rov 
vipvma iijffOTO' a^nXtpri hi 1} totavrff itrtKOVplrj' /ttI yAp 
Tjo-i aOpotjtn Kevaxitfft j)Bi rgat itryarttfft fw/iwrwfffffi ^fe- 
&aviv Kore inr aSwafiiijt 0( nd/iVQina, oKtot i( at/ioppa- 
fifl^. &viviaTtpov £j Xvft i&poK, ^v voXiii iicpvg. ou jraw 
yip ucfidkiot 01 vSpoyiTiu&efK. ^e tAv ty ijiraTt iraOauv ^ 
T<X«rT^ yiyvtrat. 

'Hv hi ifi-mM^ TO ^irap, /tdpaiK^ km 01 fi^a^t 

ixft^, fjtriTW ywdticfi' vpotf>aiTt(^! Bi aKpaaiij *al vavatu 
fiUuepij, ftdXia^a iirl SutTcyrtpbj <cai ^i/yr^^/ri. xal yi^ Siij 
leai TOvtrSt tKutXTjaKov ^vvrt)itTntov<;, Toi^ Ari ?\Ke<Tt ^aro? 
ivjivow iin$yijaKoyTaK. 

IirXi)cl fwtTjtfes ■)(p6vtm' v6tTr)fia, OKippov. e/iwot Si ov 
^iSui)'!, yiyvfrai B' oCv. €i5t€ irovoi; p,iv oi> Tpirj^, Syito^ 
Si TrovXw TJjs hrnrovitiv fU^tov Art Se^ii yap af^dij fUajii 
7011 ^aros oX[j t^ KowavC^ hrotS&uv. ToGveKev iroXXowrt 
av^TT) yiyverat, w TOioOSe oix iovro^ irnXrjvot, «XXA rov 
ifitvK va0ftK. TO yhp iTfptrivaiov ^Xeyfmtvfiv a^ivt Soxiei, 
iemjvijv Si km arepafivoi omav XiOo^. tomJo'Sc t^ iroXA^ 
^1 ffKippf ytyverat tnrXijv, <5t< umi avopttj ^wor* irav- 

'Hr Si Kol ifitrvtaieri, evatfnjs fiiv, tiKtov eirl t§ 6i^i xaii 
Kopv^ljv, tvOa if ToC vvQV yevvar ami Si ai^Kvvrjro'i, ovk 
tl/cti. aXXare Si t§ KoiXl'd &iTa'i hrtumpifrai, rpSe Kaxfure 
ir^ws Tat ava)aia<! ^fpoftevo^, h r &v fffiiicportpof: iotv 
X"PV ^ T^ iit-trXumv "iojQl- vavrit), airopit}, fiaXtcra vpoi 



'£^1 Be rda-tot vfifiiiia, wpeni, tmnM koX ftlrfta. tit 
voKX^ fhfi lacri appifoi Si ivl ffpaxtip ^fpl*V "'^ at^woi, 
TijSe Kai yJXjjde ieoT€ et tTTrXijira airaffrturt^. fuivov yap Koi 
ewavaia&r/rov koX ev 171/3 to <nr\ayj(voir oiBaXiot, vMpm- 
Seet, fukdyxXatpoi, fw- Sua^opi^ ^ hvinrvoul atf avo ffaptw 
Tov &tapj}Ko<:. iiTt&ti\av yip to kokov' S^pt twv avt» yoffrrip 
-TtiiAirXaTai. vtto vyevfiaro^ iro^eiJir, OfUX^StiK, vypov w 
Sonffiv, ovK er iovrm irfpotr /Sii^i woTOubv Ov/iot iyy^' 
vtrai, KuX ffpaj^ta ^'Ip^ ffijaaovat. koiXi'ij jJc rt Kwrw ^ipr/ 
vSarti>S«i. t6 irpHyrov irfiLKpvv iirttovipt^ovaa- tt Si hrl 
fiaWov ixStB^, f uvTijure* /i(c toc uyOptovoy oxfifTUtt Bi ovBiv 


'Hv Be Koi iKpar/ff, ttvov fiiv KaSapov, Trewov Svevrf 
ivav9i}, i/rriiKniKOV Bi lea'i rti^poeiBii, aXXort Bi TpvywScv :J 
triXiBviv tiy Bi xal ^oBuripi} 1} arwrraati ytvrjTai, koX 
fiiXav ri vypov eim Koi Tovj(yfiov Tt tov mrXjjm (ft«r» 
avvraiceyroi. fierf^eripoifft Bi xai oKa fuXca tow ffirXij- 
vo< j]vix(h)' riJXuToe yiip km, ^vai ffTrXrJv fjv Si Ktu fii) 
itaffiffTijrai to ?\KtK, f^tftvji Bi ^ ttoKKov ;y>ovoi', airo- 
atTot, /taxeinat, oiSaXtot, Huv airpeTrtd, tnXwXKiti vayrri' 
fuiXitrra Bi fv icv>ifia<f oTpoyyvSa, TriXiBvh, leaXKa, ^inrapa, 
BuaaXdia ra !\Kfa' r^Se iirt^vvroKiirrfi toXovro. 

'Em Bi fffiiKpw Syic^ per^ vKK'^pitji;, avTiTKmiTi<i, ^irovli}' 
Btk roSe TToXXov ^povov ^Sxrt oiiBe tt Si tov wti0fo<; ^tttivto, 
Xpeiiv tBp<o^, 4 4'^i<TK, *al TOV o-wJmo? njKtBaiv itrvyiyve- 
rat- arhp *}Bi oWo^ & rpoiroi tov iXiOpov aipia^ tov ^jv 

IlaiSia piv ovv icai vioi iraOfiv Tt pt}tTtpot ital avaWa- 
ytjvat prihtpoi' yipovre^ Si ovK evTraOiet piv, SiaBpijvai SI 
aBwarot' iWap kuI irpetr^Orat ekaSov Tivts wo aTrX»?vo? 
Bta^0aphrTf<;. koX yap nal <V1 apiKp^ Syxip toC oXi&pov 



viourt apyai /tdKtartL, aicoaoiat air irywvi'iTf, ^ yvfWaaCwv 
WoKK&y, orirokoi' to aSifia. j^tepia IXuSta, vSara m)(ia, 
i\livp&, 0ptt)tu»Sea' wpav, to ffijptoiStt fteromfpov. 

K<^. If. Tlfpt 'iKTepQV. 

'Hv ;^X^ {av^?, XexifftiiSsov, ^ KpOKottSetK, ^ t^« fU\arf- 
^Mpov, it TO iraiTTeXe! afdj^^K otto tov ffv\d'y)(_^ov 'fhtf- 
TOf, TO trdSoi iKTfpoi /ctPcXj^ffKtTot, ^aX#irof fxiv iv ofe<r*" 
ov fhp pivov vpo fffS6p.r]t; itTt{v€t ^avtv, aXKi Kol ftfrli 
iffSofirjy Ivnivt fivpiow tnraviaK Se tire fjcpive trvprrhv it 
T^Xo; TO ira^o;, aXiC ainii ov pjjiB/mi Xvertu. 

SvytaroTat Bi ovk i-n aiTi'fl fi^twov fittarfs, o*ms tutX 
7&V lr}TpSyv ZoKiei, aXKa KOtXifi mu avXijvl itaX vf<f>poUn 
Kol muXf*' Kol <0" fpran ftiv &Se ^y ^Xt^natrt) ftiv 4 
aicippw ttr)0 TO ^ap, arpnrrov Bi ro ii ipr^ffitjv S^ 
rimu fiir iv t^ ijirart ;^oX^v, xal Suuepirei T^vSe ^ iv 
^aTt oiira xutrrW oXX' ijv al ^epovaat it to evrepov t^c 
^X^v oSol inrb t^ ^Keyfiaaitit. ^ tow axippov <^pa)(6t!)<rt, 
vXijfifivp^ Bi ^ kwttis, waXjVoxTOS i; X"^^' ''"?* oi/WTt ovv 
fiiayerat. to Si aSpti, tt ttov to imr^voe i^iriov, ayei ti/v 
jfftX^v TTan"! Tp otjt>/ia7i' ylyytrat 5' ^ t'Sei; ;^\ii?' X*'t>jcd 
Sc «al apyOi^Bea Ta aicv^aXa- ou yap yiyvertu ^\^^a^, 
irr^ irep oiiK 'o^tt toC ^v/mO t^v irrtppo'^V t|/&! <miI yaff^iip 
Artfijpor owre "yap vypatvuTat olnt Sdxverat X^^S' W**^ 
5^ tow XevKoxKiopov fi'BfO'i. 

'EttI <nrX»)»'i 6e ^i- iicrtpot >t>avp, fteXayj^ttupof /liXaiva 
y^p avreov f) Tpo<f>ii, ori-rrtp (icfiayewv etrrtv otfiaTo^ p.tKa- 
Wt, ftt T^v aKaBapairjv iovaav ov Sj^frrai, ovSk i/nroviei 
yoaitov & aieXriv ij 5* ^itv t^ aXpart Travrt) ^ofT§. Bui 
ToSf fi(\<irf)^xppot (iTTO ovXijvo; lieripov' arap urat ivl roM't 




fip mrXtlvit Tpo^n to trtpi-rrov /c c^oSov vtpirrtafui 

Kai (tri lewX^ neat yaa^pl txTtptK, ijwep ctv >r^ii' 1} 
yaaTtip ical to x^Xui' Ktucwdij' jcat 70^ xal ev k<i)\^ iriyfrit, 
Ka) OTTO ToSSe ^ i'i ro ^ap avoftoyi] Tpo^ij^. t{V ovf mfiio- 
tV/mjv to ^ap TT}V £Wiji' Tpo^rfv \d0ri, t^c ftiv i£itiv ipya~ 
airiv voyfa, t^v Zk iOvilrjv ^^.' -ro 7^^ ir t§ avaBoat aT)*a 
Tiji' Atp/yiriv Tijv xov futiXov iv^ov Bia<nrtipti irayri j^tofie- 

*Slhe Koi iirt iravrl y{yve<rdai <rvXiiyx'^ Bvvarov cKrepor, 
ov fMvm Twv ^s TO ^ap TrffAviyrw rpo^ifv, aXKh ler/v am 
iJiroTo? Xafi^dinj. ov yap o^frolat alaOtjroun ftovvov ^ 
^vffK TTflVTi Biairifitrfc ri}v Tpo^i)v, a\\i woXXaJ irX^f 
arftotiTi, amtp cttto ttovtos tis Trav ivt^ffrivai ptji&tot, t^s 
^Uffiot aiirovt ttal Suk arvptwy xai •TrvKiv&y a/yovaijv' yty- 
voyrat o5v 01' aTfuii jfftXoffa^oi, xat jgnli^viTi, jj &y i^<ri 
■fou atattaToi. ov ftt/v ^iri KaiXtf) ^ ri)? (coiXi'^s iKKpuri^ 
XevKif. aerivi'^ yhp tJ ^op ^s yevfoiy, xal ^Kpoi^y loyvi 
iirX ivTfpa 3^oXr;f . 

AvyatinTiiTTi a Koi i) hr\ r^ wavrl IJi? Xiertpov T&etiy. 
tirj^t yip «al iv oKtjp t^v airitjv. e<rrt Se Tot^fe* wa>^l ^lir 
TO Btpnov ^ Trlif-iv, Tran-i S^ irfpSiy yevva km Stajcpiatt, 
aWtDV fiiv aWf}, kieaar^ he oiKdrf ev aapict piv iSpw, iv 
6^d\fMai Sc Bdtepvoy, ev apOpoifft Si ml ptvi P'V^, ev o>trt 
KirfrfKli. ^v oSv i^ ^Koaroy epyov to $tpfiov iyKiipr}, avro 
piv it Bpip.v Kol -TTvpSiBeq irpafrtj- to. hs vyph Trdvra ylyve- 
rat xo^'7* ^vpo<t yhp tpya -TriKpa Kai xoXo^a^a. ijc £J 

' Allhongh I harn «iloploi) Ernie. 
tin*' nliMii^ of iijioTipov into -qf, 
I muat my I Diu iiill not intliUvU 
irilh thi* ioiiIenc«. 

' Tills (cnicnrc \» eiidentl; in "n 
aiuiitti*fiuri«(7 naic 



mil CK aXfUXft iwe^itf ff/i^J, y^verat to aJfia ;^X(Kt£Jv, 
trxiSvaTM 5« -iratrrl rpe<t>ov 5(A t«6« vavri i^i'yercu JC^Xi}* 
^eiraf /Ml- yip Ti ira^o?, ^o^tpi) Bi ^ XP^ *'^'> '"'^ W"' 
<roei£(r! ioiJi T^v XP""?"' '•^ 7^ av0p<ini<fi tinrparit S ye if 
XiB^ KaKitv ly irtpvrrbv hi fiot t^pd^tiy Koi 9O0fV jo^vo)ia, 
vKip- ixoaov r&y ^(tpvaltuv wertSwi' twi" rerpairohwv 6i)pieav^ 
^ouiiai Si iatri oi wirtv iioiSt. 

EiSea taD ■jnidtw; Soid. ij y^ if ri ^v0iv xai tv Kpo- 

tnStv itpdvti Tov 'k£vict>j(Xa)pov (tScot, ^ ^? ri ttAiSi^p xol 

wfUXaf. rmy&€ itdyroi ^ altir) ij S^ ural x*Xwv etrri ahitj' 

Koi yap Mu T^o& ^ ^liv (avtf^, Xeirr^, &e(2i}C, XeviioTipou 

<tSeoC| ^ jif ttaroKop^, w lepOKOv, rj \eKt0ov ^viu, toO 

M-o'aT«i£>}«, /lAoii^' fivpitu Si €v fifay r&v j(potoiv -jrapoK- 
Xarfac iraph Si to Btpfiov towt«uv leoi to trfpi iJ rpinrq. 
&hXii Koi tA ff7rX<i7;(ro toOS* ^ffTt otTia' ^v 1} favflor, w 
TO ijirnp' ^ TcXtJvoi', «? o avX^v tjv fiiv cirl <nr\ay)(yt(> 
Tivl imepo'i yiviyrtu, iwi ^art piv, -rk ijiraroi wpo^via' 
hri Si ffwXjjvi, ri oTrXtjvo?- iKturra Si rh twv aWttf ^«i- 
arotr ijc & /iijSivoe ^aivTyrcu, tj}? 5X.;ji{ iifi^ ^ort 4 moft;. 
£fa^v^ 6^ xarA tA "KevKii iv nttat ojtffaX/ioiaf* /ier<ivov 
Si, irpii xpor^^KTi /taXXov rourt Xevxo^i 4iuat, tcai iwl 
Ofwep^ iirriptit ij xpotij p.i^v hravBUt. 

'Oieoaotai fiiv otv fUXa^i 6 tttTtpo^, j(potjj fitXttyy^Mpot, 
piytaStn, liSpavie^, iKVijt e'ltoyTK, &&vfioi, ^poifiaBas Si -rtjv 
ivfiiiy, vtKpol Si r^v yeviriv, rifv avam^ilv ouk eCuoKoi, 
yarrpX SaieniiBtc;, Staj(top^/iara vpaaofiZia, {nTOfUXnva, 
(ijpH, fioXtf Siaywpovftfva, ovpa naroKCpia hrl to /icXuitc- 

■ Tbe texl here siicn, it n* 
Kanpnilcil lij Potil >ii>l Ertiicrini. 
In llin HSSl U )( rou«h ritialcd. 
* TIiD comnuni iMiliiiK. Sta^nrii 

jf OaXfiotirt, bi-ing eriileatlj at fuiiTt, 
I hnvv tiut K'iu|>lvd to Hiiii))! (lie 
cnnjccmrAl cntondatlon or Ermc- 




per. *tireirT*(, Ajnairat, arfpvsvot, a0ufiM, i*t)iafY)(o\ti- 


"Eiri Si TO Xrtworcpw, XP"'^ t*^" ^ew^^X^/"**' 'y*V*ff ^ 
^i&ponpof atTi'att Sp^furBtu fiiv oxvi^^ol, ifx^fuv hi oiic 
AyfMK, ire^ai piflBiOi Twv vpiffBw na}Ou)v ttaywptoxxn 
Xtvit^, ^pa, iipyOMBea' oipiowri ^vffa, ^XP^ xpotcotf 

'Afi^v Si -ri ^/ivar c»pa wij^/MuSet' Oip/if} ayA p«w? 
a/Aucpi} fiiv, BaKvto&tji! Bi. iifiiaaov th yoXSihf^- ytuaK ftiw 
viKpiiv ov leiKpi], TO OrDiifia, ov /i^f yX-VKtr/- yXviefiav Si 
irucp^. ti yip iv r^ irrofian yoXH ivi^owa t§ y'KAv<ry, 
iTfi-irpoo0iv TWV iSirrmv ivTvyyarovaa, rrfV aurOtiiriy ao^- 
t^rmi TTji^. ij yap y\&xrea avavtovaa r^ X"^^ "fV^^r 
oiiK extivav aluBdverfU- koI tov piv irpoirBtv toi' 779 ihroffi-' 
Ti'tj* ^oMM- arpf/fki >} x*^^' arAp ovSi ^ yXaxraa t^ ij0n 
S^^f^^*' ^ S« avt^i4Tti yevfuurt ^iirpoaSev twv iS<aT&r 
rffv yK&aaaf iJSe KivifiJ* ^r rt ow iriKpo* eji amov, in* 
KpStv cuaBri<TiV ^v re yXwcv, yaXiii&eov ^arei yap ^ 
aiaOfiVK T^f X''^^*' "TrtTij hi ^vveari roZai iffevfiivotai tA 
Vnepa yXvKea, ^IveaBtu. ov yap otrrti}': ^X^t. riXX or* ftif 
iirl Ty t^tvovTi irticpw Trucpa^erai, futvov Sia to fuwj^es T^e 
vouffov, ^arraaltf yXvxafyyKK ytyverai. i} ivrij Se mito- 
o-TOffic jimi £v yXMiifft leai vucpoiai ytvjiaac mtamfS^v Spa 
ynifLaTw TrpoKa\vfi.fia t) X"^^' 

'Hv fi^ ovv piti ^iv Ttvm (nrXoT^ov Ofpfiaffijj ^ov^, 
avtviv piv OK ivivav, ftaxpi'ntpay S^' fc Si ical *yxP**>'*'^ 
xoi ivi^Xfyitaivrj <7v\tiyxvov, A' vZpi^va rh. ■jroXKil icaX 
«aX<fi'ijv nXevr^. -noXKoi Si Kai Si;^i» vBpayirO'i iitraxivTe^ 
A\om. fwtTj^ev Si ft€ipaKioi<rt, viowt, km TWfft Si aot- 

* The ccnnnum mJiiif. liii mn- 
^v. hsTini; *ritrrd]r siif mMning. I 
haio adopMd tlint of Eimcniiii, 

proviuuil/ sn^inwteil by Pwit. Wi- 
gan rcaiU, oXl> nmit, uhich nJut 
ii uut iinsuituble. 



Kfift. is', ilfpi Kaxf^irff. 

Sv/virdmrny oftov vt^ewv ita)(w^iti rpmr^. Swaaai yip ai 
vavaot rtjaht itroroicM. tiTelp /taX ijSt lAoivri uvtvffev twI" 
oXXttk, ^ptit'iKw ewiBoaiv cxovaa no\\i}v, iXviiBta wirA 
irjOMTwrra ftyverat vd0ot.' xai *fi* /tiv Ktuci) crj^cSiov fiw^ 
trdvnov, Hal ^Vfi.wrw/ui7a Tro)i>M, teal oivofia roBe (v/tffo- 
Xor Iit)(v6ti)^ Si t) &)(pot ^ olSat icai €l Tt ertpov npQaicat- 
pov ava TO a&na' /ta)it^iij ti fko; fieyiiXjOU iTtWwi *S<V' '^'^ 
■nuSt Tovvo(ia' t) fiip to5 av$p<^ov is to, vdina cwfi'ij, koX 
^ ^ vhfrif ij 4<! aMSoffiv aTftaroi yewa' ^Bi irav epyov 
liffUK, ^0' olff* fvwoM, tvTovit], evy^ol'^, to •FpoaOev ir/firf, 
ijv &k ii dadvh]V KaKo^vfttJjt 7 <^C<ii<! Tpairf, -nSe iarlv ^ 

'H yov^a^ rJSe SvaaX£t)<t, tjSi fn'iKtarov tcaieiv. gal yofi 

I It nppron tn inc miwi Tcmork- 
oMv. fhoE il[1 ihc cdicon ilumid 
Iiare ]itUliOUiici;(l Uiia proMiiif;;!! thu- 
MosMy camipL, aiuI in tmrtirular 
thu Ernwrina ihoald hare i;onc tlio 
IcDK'h of fji'ciiiiK ilie urciiKr I'lirl 

, <ir the lull cluuHi iillogttlivr frum 
tcxi. Uc resell thiu: Arip tat 

r^Jt( ftprvt/ iimvOiv rZr oX.Vuii- enrii 
irptiriirrii ytjvtrdi wilfliJC. Thii i« 
tnily un lirruinJ nuf iif tuliiiiu ilio 
Uan knoll I flatlrr mvidf I 
wm nuratolloil oil tlie iulricwiw 

l(f the flOMO lijr K. niurli ninro Ic- 

^itml im»c««j nnniBly, l>y nterdjr 
•liin^iij; ilio accmt o( inirotoi U> 
ihc pcnutl ijllnbli-, im aiiRtl^tcci by 
Peiit, Biid jilncbg (he ccoiiinEi [.] 
Man iKviha, iiinMiil 'if uSifr it. 
M It itocid In Ihc romirr cditirmis 
and putting a cumoia uTtti liXXoc, 

fnr wliieb I hurt ihv nuthorilT' of 
Wignn. I do aot lioiiiAtc tn nfflrm. 
lliat ^apttamv and tlic other wcinls 
cnniiM' witli it liT* iiid!g|i«iii«lile 
to the full linnillcalinn of the pa»- 
tngt, ni SUT oiju tnur U' cOiitliicciI 
who will ciimjiiue llio acconnl of 
Cachriia given bj uthor aatliora. 
Thii*. among ihceniiK* of Cachexia 
cnumenlcd by GcJin* Aurclinnai. 
w« ilnd "item ex miMlii'siuwiilmi 
HCtntiimo potBlu'—snd "cunuinne 
innU nivilivniitiN" Tuxl. Flui%iii.6. 
Anil much In ihe lamc iljle Crlinn, 
tnating of Cnchpxia, •■;*.- " Qitod 
feiv III, eiini l»iigo nxuliu tiiiuia 
eoipo™. ciinniM ilia vncnnu tcfec- 
iiuucui tniupD null ivoi|)iuut: nut 
cnm mnlla mndleainpiiiit coijnia 
affectum hI." iiJ. 91. 


TuCTtTot XP°^1' /*«*Pp. *«^ oiiBi ivl >Mg Toy trwuaTOV komijj, 
Kai mi&i «rl <rtf\iiyj(yV **''' "^^ f^p ^^* atravrtov rfxurij 
^¥ ■jTOVTjftov. roiyapovv tA uiroToxa T0ii8# voa^jfiaTci a^xnera 
yiyverai, vBptmm, ^ tt>0ifftfv, ^ fi/tT'Jfiee. to* Tnp Tot «*1 
Tq5 «»X*f"'^" '''P''i#"'<^t« uS«X<^ TVS fwi^ijfioi Mfff ij 5i 
foOo-o? luucpti Bwrnrrfpiij ^we^'i^ vouffmv tmoarpotfial ivt- 
otai. eixmli} /itc ycip, — Kai roi koX vpoatfiipoyTaf iroXXa,— 
&/i^v Se Kal arphrrav V ^i'a&><>'ft* ipyaait} yap Tpo^tii ^ 
cs ir^ic, avopot. 

Atrb} Bi Kal atfioppoiSatv poov eirio^co-iv, ^ cfierav fiwij- 
0(»V ttTTaXXoYi}" TU/ivaff/o)!- apyii], aiiafffim iS/wot«v, «ai 
^.leyc^Xaiv ttovwi" paffvft!^' c&« tmv irapeovnov iieaarov, w 
TO nTjSiy, OVK e7r«jT(3c0«,' ^dpot; tou ffyrijveos, S>xpo'i a\- 
Xon Kal aWore, ya<rri]p ^v<r<iiB^^, itpOoKpoi Kot\ot, vttkm 
/?uf>^««, vtoSpol. oWA TetSe, f)ffi0<iiSfa /ih ytyvofitra, mv- 
tfov awnrriTiv ta^i.- ^v Bi pi^aiaavra filfiv^, ft^Si tiiriCMU 
eOi\ri, fieyoKov Kaieou itrrt avfi^Q}ui. iirraoTei /lev otSaXeot 
voSas re ical xytifiat, KaraKKivop^voi Be ra KexXtfUva fiopia' 
Ktjv haWa^ rijv Kar/ucXtaiv, to oioo<t cjr (Ketva ^trj' 
iiypov T6 Koi i^vj^ov k to 0tipo^ TrepioSns. jjv yap ^ ffepftif 
TO irypov cfaT/tt'Jjj, TouSe oil* tiKa^fca/uvou, cItb KaTappett, 
eCaiTOi fiev ttoWmv triTiotv, uBtjiJMyoi KiipTa. avaBotri^ 
Ta-)Qnipri vei^iov, ititorepttv fiaXKov ij dTTfirrtov, t^yep- 
yaffTOV Bi ij Bpe^m. aXka ro&e ovk eV t^ oXy viao'eTai 
wro rfyi t^vmo^. ^ yap tv rp «otX('ij tou 6epfi<tu arovitj, Kal 
iv T^ <rxi]KE(, o/ioiTi. TOiyapovv oiiBe ■)(pi)<iTov, ovBi evjfpow 
atfia yiyverai. 

Kal irrijv otfiSiv 6X01^ to tra/ia wXijo'd^, Kal rj ii rlt 
aiTia opt^iV ot-)(Tfrat, ital Ti}s Kajfe^ii}^ cSSe ftia^i a-ropxiyov 

• I do not iMnk mywlf wnrrniitcil 
in kdapdng ilic uii in thu plucc w 
it i« remoilctled bj briuoriiu. Evuii 

OE altcrvd b; liim, it bi>|ic<u'9 io me 
li> bu ill K iiiixd uuiuLtJitrautuiy 




9, «oJ 7W vdffto^ ieopv<fiTiv TiT)(ovTO'i ^Sij, oiSaXiot 
fikv, aSpaveev SJ, lal iv irairav w^fii- a&vfwt. xoiXit] &e 
(rjparipr). axo^M ra ^roWk Koi XrvK^, Tftti^ia, nal iifti 
ita^mpi-oviTt. to cxiji-oi; aSoi, aviSptnTe^, ieV7)fffui>^ev, inrvo? 
iSpauK fiiy ovSa/t^, xcxXi/ievft Be vvarayfio^. ffpaivwont, 
a^vy/Mt aftavpo't, aaOevf€<;, irVKVoi' wkvototoi Bh £7ri 
trwrrj Kal fffUKpjj irpij^i. at7^/ta S^ «rt roiaSe >J avavfo^' 
4>\i^ei eir't rolat xpora^ivt iirgpiUvai aaapKlf} twv vipi^, 
aT&p Kal hrl rolai Kapvolm iroXCi fi.€^ovei Biot£iovviu, 
fUXayj^XiDpov to af/io. ivi TolaBe ^Olatu, ») avvjri^i^ avh 
aupica C&ptnra, ij Tii-a ovkItiiv ^ar/t. xai Twi'Se tiifivicTov $ 

^ipo'jai Be rjXtKiai, yijpai, Kal ovk airoBtBp^aKOWTt' 
ira'i£fv TO)^ 'TraOtiv Tt tVKoKoi ical uTTaWayiivat ^jjhfpof 
ajcfia^oyrei ou Trdyjfv piv ttoBety iroipxti.' ov -rrapirav ii 
ufaa\>M-yr}va* evicoXoi. Aptt 6£ ov fiii] ^ipa roBe, ovSi ^ 
/ttij^ TtXevra' aWa <f>0iv6Tra>pov piv wet, ■)(tipi>v ti9t]vet, 
tap Si it Kopv^))v TtXfiv^xtpu, 0ipot Be xTtlva, 





IIipl'Ytpuirot a'. 

Ilipi AiajSiiriw ^. 

IIipl ruv Kari rois Vi^poic iraOily . . . • Y- 

Tlipi tSv iy K&OTi F. 

n^i rtnofifiolac t'. 

Tttpt SraiiaxiKuv t'. 

nipi KDiXliIcqr JiaSisiaf C. 

ITtpi KklXlEWV ■)'• 

Tttpi ^vaivTtpiifg .,,..,.. ^. 

IIlpj A(10T(pl1I£ i'. 

ITtpi 'XtTipiKiv la. 

[Itpi 'ApSpiTiios Kol 'laxtalot i|3'. 

Olpi 'EXifavTOt 17'. 




Kf<}).a. Xltpi YSpoyrroT- 

Spwi^ UTtpTrh fiiv iaiBetv irado^, j^aXnrov Bk koI -Tra&etv. 
SiaStSpjiffKOVtri yip roBe vayxy iravpoi inr cvTv^ai';, ical 
0ear fiaWoy v rej^yijf ri yap fu^ova icavra l^vrat /mjui'o* 
Oeoi. fj yap iv airKarfj^ytp leatpi^ v6at)fAa, ^ttiKevaav erpe^e 
it Ka)(t^itiv TO ifay, ^ to ^ittrav cfcijfof Xot^u lanap^av- 
TOf ei KaKoyufiitiV ij/icc^ t^ <nT\dy)(Va: evrt dXX^XotO't 
Sft^ta n TO KaKov ^tTifiatpiet, aff(yi<! Be oiBev, i^ oinrfp 
Koi afUKpr} Tp ^iivt yirfoiTQ av hrtKovpiri' etrri he eV eTrop,- 
fiphiy pevpa ^^vj(pov, vaxif, okokic ^ o/ttx^l Ty iravrL^ 
jj Tpffirrj vypij'i lau, "^ifj^^s aiVti);, e's TOfijcBe eftv ertpoiowrrji 
Tov avOptuvov. oil yap to ^v Tp xoXt'^ Tp Kurw aXifo/tccov 
i/ypov vBptova xakeopev, eTiei oiihi to TzaOot Tf)Bi icTt, tiW' 

iiitWiul of p>»fi<ii liiit tlic fiirmct 
raiding ii ilcTcndfd by Eruu'rins. 
T!ii>u|{li the goui-rnl iin[>ori of tlio 
pniHiyc 1m; ohviouj, there a siill 
loinL-iliing uniiiiiiBriiauiry iii tliu \mi- 
l"ii,ii:t'. Uf I'oiirnc, rcfvreiiiM U here 
uuuiu by ou[ Mitlior la tbc nfiiig 

iif Iltrnrtilui, a* mid hj TMnRcnM 
Locrtiiu. The philoiopbur having 
bL>cu[ua tIrvipak'uJ, |m]H><-ivl a ricUlle 
to lili phyikiant:— 'ir t>om rainy 
wrcutlict Ihcy euuld make driruMa" 
— 11 ^(Vaii^a ({ ixoiifipim avg/iiv 



r}Si ^ TO vSup (wT^tavtra ?f k, CSpwy^ ri itrrt xtd xoX^cnu. 
K^¥ yip iKparfy Kort to ^vp ainoftaTvt ffw. ^ rofuwi' tk 
ri wro;^rfv^(ov ^*X*.9' ^^' *2p'?* *<'<'* "* MpiiWiiiBt*?. ^ 

'liiai K TrXn>ca«, ^ arAp Svofia ertpov Ktu htpov. i^v 
Ithf fkp ^ vapffxy^*'' fyvypov iv rfivt Xayove^-i i/iirXaip, 
Kol din t5« ^/)ijff«w «• Totfft irarayouTt BoKeif ww* TW/iwai^, 
TUfttravij)^ KtKXijaKtTM. ^y Bi viiap S\i<t ^ to trepnoyatov 
ifmtpiij^at, J/iirXtoii Sc tjb 117^^ ra cvrtpa, ica\io[Uv 
rTTiWXijffO' oviciTifv- ij*" ^' *' X«70WT ^1^ ^>}Sn- Toinion' 
*<r;p''<'''» ^ '"*'' ^^ vapathaivr) aie^voii, tfv f^v eit\ Xtwc^ 
^Xiyfuvri teat wa^fi tai ^^WP' <f>Xeyfui7iT]t KoKferat. fjv 
a it xv/iOf ai/mXanra, vBarwha, XiTrrov, avvratwit tu 
oApKCi, tivi aapKa fiyvfrai vSpw^- «w^ /wv i) iKt'urrov 

^VVTOffK. KOKUOV S( ITOXXOV T( i} TtOvSt ilUjU^llI? TM^Sg 

fkp dfi^ rat Xa/^ovat elt hft r&v dvit ri -iray ^uftffp yt 
KOTf xaXorwTrtToij Br, ']v 6 TVfiVnvirtt tjJ ava viipica I**y9^ 
KC^ yhp ttir} rSiv fiiv u^^i Ta<; Xayorat, wTKirav rv/iiraviai 
yepeUtv, twv Si SKou tow oKTivto^ 6 XfVKOipXeyfutTiaf tov 
ayi adpita ptwv hrutin)^ fiiv tev, iv dirtXirtffTourt, ^v i 
fttiuv fiwT^ T^ /wi'occ Ktueuov S( *r T(s T»i' jxttoviov ivX T&V 
ful^vntv it rmini ^Vfifif)- fjv Be e? axpat fj ftC^iv Sft ijiairiu 
Bvoiv fxtydXoiv, /ie^ov icaxov to Ixyovov. 

Sv/^tt^ Bf fieytara icai ft^urra tStir ko-I 6i//e(iy xol tura- 
KOVffaf ewl ftiv t^ oaKrrTj iSifiv Syitov iv tjo-i Xayoat, 
olSof dfi^l tw irdSc TTpoaonra Be xai fipaxiovet km rd iWa 
tff^a, olBiovfft Sp^ii^ TE ital iria&ti, Koi a ^v/Airat KatrX^t 
oKoXtin i^ dvtuov Ttiv oiSeo?. 6iyeiv ^Si ipuaavrd in] tijv 

» I hare fallmted Cnuiiui, Prtit, 
anj Wigaii in (ctpprot^iiit: o« before 
muiwr; •nd am giirpritcil l^nt Rt< 

nwrint »huiil<l Iuto pcndikil bi 
TCMlning ibc nepulva. 

xi-oNiUN n.veas, biba. bt, 


^(fut leara \arfova ' eiamSeiv to yap t/ypiv itri ta aXXa 
p4p€a fierappeet' arrap KaX ev T^* ToD av0punrov rtjhe 9} 
T^t ewwTpo^^i, ec T^? /UTOxXiViaf ri trfphv, Syicoy rt 
luit xXtiSuva iroicct, eoaicouriv t« icai toi; ifXvSoii'o?' «XXi 
mj'' 1"? tSv SajtruXoi" eptiai}^, 6 J(^poi yvyvtrat icoTXai, i^ 
j(p6yoy ft mvKvv fti/ivtt KolXov. r^e /^y ra affxCrov. 

Tw/wravMj? Bi wpJ? t^ toO Syitov Bhj koi aKovaa* iari 
SovfoM-. $»• yitp trard^'i tJ ^^eipl, tJ kteirfAinpiov Sqccci, 
oiB* fifraj^atp^ft to iryfvpia iv Tytri hTi<npo^^ai. vv(v(ia 
Trtp, JK^i* /*(TaK\i6g to tifivt-j^ov avta t« xat »«'t(0, itroH 
wwvn; (iMcef ^v 5e ^e 6pij^>}v Koi vBrop rpivyjrai to wetfiM, 
(neat yap atTKiTrp; aWQ TvnTrayiov.) afiei^erai piv, t)v pi/ c? 
TiiXos Tpavg Kore, f)pne\iis perappiajy. 

OBe ava atipKa fjhe toiO Xevicov t^Xeyparav, tAv piv \arfi- 
vai laj^ovai Mtvea'!, oiSaXeoi eaat Kai. Tpoaoyjra lea't 0pa\U 
ovat' aTop ^te iicitra rotffi aXKoiai K€vta, roiaBe yiyvtrat 
wKj^pea. ^Xey/Mi piy yap Xeviebv ^l t^ \tvic^> ^Xcypmla 
avviaraTat, -i^xr^pov Te xaX Tra;p3' Tov&e fpirlvXarai to vay, 
oiBaivei &f TO wpoffWTTOk, avy^v re koL ^paxiora- Tra^^v Bi 
TO fieiyacTpiov utti rou oi&o?' pio^oi Bk e^ Syitov aipoyraif 
oKoaot yioi aKp^v Svrtit ev e{rTV)(iT} ttjs t'}\iieii}^- hrl Si t^ 
ava adpxa TrjKtSaiyT^t aapitot ie x^pov aapitotiBea, i)(<^p t« 
alpdXfOTTO'i, OKOurt peei awo evrepraiv eXuttrr TOWcSe xal evl 
ffXaapaat awb t^dpeo'i epTrtooVTO'i, ^v rdprj:; ti frrtvoXij'i, 6 
Xyfi^ itpiti' V ^^ ^^ &vo(y ivtpi^i^ apif>otv Ivj^ti rit 

Evpvaat Si litov ^vy&rri, S>xP°^- Bvtnrvoia, jff^f, oXXore 
Koi aXKore vuOiei, Skvov ttohXw, airoaiTor »)i' Bi t« irpoaai- 
pttvTtu, Kqv fipaxy «" ^ifMiiToy, ipvirmSeet, Biaraauii wt «jrJ 

' I haro followcil Wiffin nnd Er- 
mnins in adopiing tiiii mding, 
Inttciiil 'i( cflr4 Xajti^f; which, liow- 

ovrr, ilacn not wcm to me to iin- 
■iiitablu M till'; reprciciit. 

vXj]Oftoviii' &viiefi,en, Hti oi&i fvl Xovrpeiai UfuOUo*. Xn» 

ipXt^et. aaKtTijai ftiy latl rvfivayi^iat «ri^av«v Koi iw 
trpaiTQyiTM* leal icapmmat jcai iiriyaffTpiij}. tTrl &i Ttiiffi at'A 
aapKa Ka\ r^ ^"Ktrfftariij oihei ivavra xpvvTerat, vvrot 
ffapifi, wttSpot, afiucpol, a^t^ii;, trfUKpoXayit}, tPiXo^attt), 
Kaprtpifi oiiK cnr e\i0vfut}K Ktu, fvtXTrttrrii]-; oxu7 to(0« ey 
evTvj^iri, uXX* i^ avriav toO irti^eW ovrt ^atav TT^f aiTiiif, 
Btoupaaat hi To&e f^i, ^( f^v ff aWotffi ov triifivav oXc- 
Opiotat oi yoffioyrfK a$vfWi, Kanj^ee^, iparai tov Savaroy 
eirt £e rwe eveXirc^Ev Kal ^(Xofwot 'jifvovrat. Sfi^m Bi 
tA ^vatTi'a TiKTOvai at vovaoi. 

riyverai v^ptaifr leai f^trim]^ kotc ctt tiBpor] •^vjffivm' 

TO ^ypov ^ TTtpirovawv (ye^Brf Si & SJ Tpiri KoiX/i^vt ri 
fpfpvToy 0epfiov icorr^iJj^flj;, ejreiTffl e/f TO^ HKvewca? <m>- 
yovet ixpiova-t, at vpoaBtv eit Siawvoijv i^iepov/ifrat Sie^o- 
povvro. ToSe oSc el ycyverat, prjiTepv ^ TMvSe iJ}<rtt!, wpiv ti 
Twv ffwXiirfxy*^ 4 ''^'' ''■''•' Bi-^piMirov irafleii'. ririp i;Si 
fSttTfia ^verwSfi teal ivty^iri Kai ^ovirpt]<nit ercxov CSpa- 

«^>)t Trc(tr«){, ^iT^o'oi' a\Xoc eV ^Xo €7^« fuffi (upaiot, Ar!t 
trapiea iroKe* t}5e tov XtVKOv ^Xpy/ioros' c«« Se ^t^t/w 
itfitft, 01 KarA Xayovav "rrXrjiTiiiof yipovrtv fiiv vSvra 
troBidy (roifioi, awideppoi' ^jrvxpov yap to yifpai' hW if 
irfpov vXijffo^ (Offi avaiTioi. TotaSi ovv TVfivaviJf^ fwi-^ftj? . 
"Airavra fih oiV irovtjpA ri etStd eari-* f/Sjsw^ yap tray 
Ttev T&y yooTifiartav Kaiccv dXXA Tovre^v XevKo^XtypaTtr]^ 

* Hill b th« rradin^ mggnted 
ti]rWljC>B 'n ploM nf (Air/iiWwirDi. 

* The UucI i> noI in a ■Bllafiictin'/ 

ftnte; but jW I cnnnat brin^m^wir 

to ni1a))[ tliu miilllliuioiui ttllcrnltun* 
intTUcliicril by Gnncrtni. 




Xiri (Sp&Toi; 4 ovp»y, ^ K04\i^ Kori ht avrioK Kartppdyi, 
XuofiifyTiv i}S7f T^f Tot) iiSptavov ^u>v. jfaJiCirii S< TV/iira- 
v{i)<:, Koi roiiSt & lini irdiepa /taWov tJc 5i Irfrpov rv TwSe 
iru^«( ^oc ;^^ rdv ivffpeairay dXXo^iu. »$« ^i^ot ouS^ 
$t<)iai Irqtttpoy. 

'Thtfu^ a Koi iy iffiiKp^ Kore St^pwvoi, ij K4^aXj)v iirl 
vSpoKf<puK(jfi, 4 irvfufiova fiouvoy, t} fjftrap, ff wX^i-a, Ka\ hrX 
fvveuxStv varipjj} koX tS>v SXXtev ^&t evaXSfirrfpt]. ^y 
•yap TO OTO/MOV av^ iK t^ vpOirOrv ^viriof, vypov ftiv ei 
^o», ifjfiti j^. ffv hi wtvfia, i^^vtn'iQti jlhf fiv &i t* 
ivtt adpKa ^ iMTript} vd$if, m hrivav oKtj f) SySpuvot 

'JS^ T(? irijHt S5pairoi JJSe frfmvKeriu, Kwrrtei fTfitKpal, 
avxyai, T>jjp«s vypov, ^xioyrat rp X'^P'V *''^'* ° a<riceTi]^ 
f wiOTaTur irap ^v tftvXiwTt r^ iroXX^ WpP' Tec^p Be- 
^v Top TfTpijva« TO iriyaoTpiov iit)^'; t-Jrt ^payeig 4"'PV 
vov irfpw, lyiodty &y ivi^pa^v ^ Kvarfi, Kfjv to Spyavor 
ittitrTj, av0K iKpiw tAht fUvrot to tJZot ovk evijSfv- v66ev 
yap &y iKvifftoai at Kwrrie^, iSiixt oint tirsopov X07K H 
fi£T£^epat4Ti Sri Jjiciy more it irTiptav tomiSc Kwrnef iyie 
a OVK dMrowra, Ztei toS< yvv oiS^y ypd^- oiBe yiip mpi 
aMwv rt Xe|«J fX"' '^"^^t^P *'* ^oS kwKov, ff rft? yaarpof 
ff ^p'), T« 6 T/xwro? TJJ! fwTTOO'iw ; oSos 7^^ ^s *|o5ov 
aiTiJiTAiv £(' eo^ij; nvioor ^ ^ avrotf tov vy/MU t^ ir 
'\ayiyt ^vWoyij^, axioro? ^ t&v ivriptov payt). ov yip 
iaivi^ oi^ ayaiKtOpov rpaBiv ?vrepov7 

* It ■ewit difflcatt lo nKounI for 
tliil tonn beliiK ill tliG iinmlnallH, 
«hUe thsM of all Ihc oUici orguii 
■re in this ucdMlrnt ]r«t wc Ibiil 
it to ill ikll the M8S. and cdidoua. 

' The tcsl in the Iwi putt at ihia 
chapter IF oomii'l. ShouM m; not 
read Jui bvluio rfi»-, «.rA.? 



K6^. 0. IVtpi ^la^iiTfU. 

Gwv/ta TO Smi(3ijt«j -TTdSo";, ov leapra f iJvi;^« av0panroifff 
<rapK&v Ka\ fitXetev ei oSpov ^ furnjfis' vyp') lai ip'iOiP'i' 
Skuk iv vBpayyjn, ahirj. oSu! he ^ fvcj^!, ve^poi t€ km 
Kvartf. ov yap Bta\elvov<rt ovpiomet. aXKa oKtaairfp tf 
u^iuio^ ox^Civ diravoTOi ^ <f)Op^. j(poviji piv jj rq? vovvou 
^v>), fuutp^ KvtoKerai XP^^f' ^po-X"^^"'^ ^* &v6pumo'i, iiv fj 
KUTacTaaii TtKtoBfj- 6^11) yap ^ TtiiefS^v, raxi't hi 6 
0dvar<K, TTOTt xal ^I'os (n'ff^oj Kal «ri7rovos' Si'^s" aKpaTtV 
iroKvTToviti ayi<70fieTpoi ovpotirt, voXKoldC vKuov fhp (KpH 
■ri oipov, KM oiiK av eviizj^ot T(« avreow, ovre ■jri'wvrav o&T€ 
oiipiovTat. ffv Se etr' aKaph aiTiir^O't, ^f f/tkv tow irtfic, 
avtKfioi fiiv TO trrofia, avoK^ut Bi to ffKiivoi' t^ hk <rirX«7x''* 
teaifodeu SoK(ov<n, airi^S^ev, avopot, ouk i<; fuutpbv $v'i- 
oKovOi- irvpi4>Xeyeei Si'^^t. airovpetiv Si rk &y (Vmt^o* 
Tpo-vos; i} Tie aiirxyyt] irovov Kp4aatty; <!\X^ wjv li fUKpov 
eyKparitv yevwvrai, vapoihiovai otr^iiv, 5p\itK Koi l<Tj(ia' 
Ki]v (tvMtn, iK)(eovai p.iv to oipov akiv rk 8' tiroihkovTa 
c^apverat.* ^vhiSoTat ynp ft Kvartv fj TrXtjfifivpa. 

K>iv fliv "KKeaB^ to mirov, evai^fiov rjri)v Si /ttXKri, 
uHieiioi ri trrofia, o'JflXo? Xoi*05, d^putZiiv, o«o? aifo Stifrtot, 
Koi ovBtKo) Si^oi, vTro)(ovSpiwv ffdptK' aiaOrjats airo t^s 
yatrrpot ft kvotiv tftpftjjv, v ^I'f'oe, ows vpoaoSov irapi- 
ovTOt -rod vofftj/ULTm" arap t/Se ovptovat. rov fui^^ws fiiitpiv 
T( ftaWov Si'tfroi re, a>X oiSiia* fUya. 

' The r.oninian reodin)* ij Itaripf better with the atauv oflhv pMMgAn 

rai. I'alil «u^|^iu Ifi((f>Qi'>'r<ii; and mftii* |i> 1i« tuinluiiicil by th* 

but Emiifriiii' n'Siliiig, ta giren tmntlBticin of Ciiuiui : " Pront 

nhnrv, i> itreftiriilil*. *dv«nUT>Ii> iiiorlii iiriKeMiK M." 

' 1 hnvo adopwd n^avroc In Ennaini tvailii, w^wropitwroc. 
pUce of rapimrras, a* tt >gTc«f 




o";? Se, ivi^wa Toio'f air\drfj(yi>iaf eTTtyaaTpiov j>vwo\, 
<wi^\f0ot, iiTXi^l &i Ti}v Ski}y e^tr, eSre «ai t) oliptjatt Koi 
TQ St\froi fvaii^ia yiyyerai rfSij Kori' Kriv «? Sxpov toi' gavXov 
^ awalaSTftrit ^>av^, tvOvi ovpiovai-. t]}S« /uii ioKftt 
*a\i£iT0at Buifi^Ti)^ ivue\f}atv, OxoUv ti Bm>j9^tij9 ^c, 
oweitev eif r^ ax^vft T& vyphv oi fitftva, >iXX^ Skok ^ta^d- 
6pTi r^ avdpiiimtp i^ l^oScv j(pkeT(u.' SiapKiovai Bi h 
Jfpivov Ttf^, ti Koi fif} Ktiprra iroXtubv, ort Trivevvm: ovpiovat^ 
•n)KtBa>y St yiyverat Stiyt'/- owt* yap ri in t^s ttouio? fikya 
it ri OKTjvtK SpxtTOi, koI (wavipxtrof tm** aapKSiv i<; tA 
otpa fAupla, 

Attiri Si, o^cMV vovffw tk Strtffieirijrev fV ToSe, koI iv 
Kpliri Kpv^hrjv TO icaieinjSev eyKaTeXtirov at vovuoi. ovie 
iBomjToi' «*1 &^\ijTi]pi6v Kore njcSe t^v mTMjv i'a;^*v Twi" 
OKova KVirri nal ve^potat iyaKtftrt^C arip ti iSoKij Tit vTfi 
T^« Btifn^ov, TOHjSe ToO ^XxeiK f] -TdBrj- 3(^dt Bi ri iprrejoV 
ffjlpiov, Ijy Baicij Tivi, atr)(€Tov Bn^oi f^iiirreu trlvovol re 
UBiv OVK i'i Si'^eo* axot, dW ii r^v t% koiXC^i irXtj/ifivpav 
&Kopifi v<nou- t)V Be 0X7% t« veperdat rift KOtXiij?, ttai 
dj^Bijg, wol TO ir/pov hria^ «V ftiKpov, aidu; oSijv vivovat 
Si'^wiTrt, xai (JSe tw»- xomuv ^ a/ioi^^. trvvrtfiutpiei yip 
^XX^XoMTc St'^? xoi woTo^. a\Xo( Bi ovk oiipiouat. oiiSi 
Tis aWi] rou trivofieyov Skmitoi;. TOi^apowi' dKopirj ftXv tov 
irarov, TrXrjfiiiVpi) Be ir/pot, irtpfruirt Be Ti}v xaiX/i^, ^f^- 
pArpiaav iffpowi;. 

* TTw common reading ii lia$n- 
r^mwv, "tiidi is »tiiU-iiily foully. 
Errn m ixirrccH'il by Wignn and 
Eniii'ritiR, iha lenUiice u *(itl in ui 
iinutiiTMiory Matti, So* nou U> 
Iha uaDiUtion. 

' Dr. Ermerrn* improvee ih« MOH 
TArj miich tiy tatwiitoling myivyfiQ 
for ir«i'ioi'«c. It ia well knavn 
tbut inMnfc (him uul wmbn^ an 
the chonuMrislica of DiabcUi. 


Kc^. y . riepi TOiv Jtetra tovi Ne^/>ouy iraBStv. 

Nii^pol rijv ^V7]V /iiv aSotuSfW, XP*"^'' ^* ipv9poT(pot, 
&Kol6v T( ^ap, f^aXKov ^ /ui^^ot imi Spxi^- "o^ f^p "^^ 
oI?e a&V«, iiXXA Xev^OTfjjoi- <rjfii*a Be &ihvfioiat UtXoi, 
irXttT^ >njXXoK fa<J"t a/M» *a! /(a;ixi;\o(. KoiXltu Si afu- 
Kpal ^S/MtiBfri is ri)v roiv ovpaiv BitjOijaiv. emre^wcatn Si 
ijftTol vev/xuSee?, okoIov t* aiXal a^' eKorepov. E/ixe^v- 
Kaai Si oiJe Towrt &iu>iat t^ xvirna; eKaTcpB^v. Xar} H 
Twv ovptev UTTo ve^pmv i; oSos « itwrrti'. 

ji^^l Se T^^Se, Tot^ v€^povs, km, Toiit iropovi Tovc&e, 
woKXi ical irouctAd yiyverat 7rd0ea, rd ^cf o^ea, ef aittop^ 
payiji Koi wperolat, koL ^Xey/MVgai KTfivoyra, ircotra fioi 
XiXfKTav tA Bi j(p6vta rtjKeBon Xwvto tov aySptmroy, 
dvoKfffpa p-iv, avoKOia Bi km, ^vvaTroBv^uKoyra' -j^povia 
ohv, a-JToaraffK'i, IXxea, \W<dv yiyva, aIfioppotBe<t. ?^jcat 
fikv e'f U'TFOOTuo'cof fi^Kurra, ^Sc BvaaXBia vuvra toS 

TS>v \l0tav Bi ■jfpovlt) /iiv ^ yiwa- 66wtiS«s c^vutnt^. 
oi.yhp ftijttmi ^ 8(^fb5o9' j^Xort; Bi irpos Toitri «ai t; rStv 
ovpav <-n-('ffj£f<rn. aXX' ei elol iroXXol a/jiiKpoi, uXXijXoi/^i'i} 
ftip-voviTi, 4 <^« fi^iOLS ipifipaj^S^, Kal or' ifi^tv Totv 
Vt^poXv ^vfiff^ TilSe, (V otpusv <r}(ioiV tcai Sturofftv, i>X/7ij* 
/!«/»)( 0yij<7Kovi7i. t!r ye fUvroi fj tfivms iTTipjJKta Kttt itro- 
fityiOea rolat ovptjTrjpiTt Tt/v KoiXiijv raiv reippwv Tfvfaoa, 
vfitKpav apa p^i^ova, oicwi av, i)V afw cvtrrp \iOov, pijiWijV 
oSic T^i" « KvtTTiv lajci' ^'^ ToSe koX hrifi^Kfe<i ol \i0ot 
ylrfvovTM,' -TTpbt yip rottri ovprfr^pai ri iroXX^ TnYfrnvrat' 
Koi oKoaoi T^8e ee ira^o^ avtaoi, XftttoI p.iv taai, ri irpoffw, 
tia TOU! ovprjT^pa'i arevoT^pow (ovra^' tra^it'i hk tA oirtaa 
£(^ Ti To^ vt^pow Katto petv. iyy^ovTM Bi Tot^i ve- 



^tpcSffi i*ovvoi', aXKa TOM-t SufTTvpota-u oiSi iSfnjv yap ^r 
TouTt oiip^ri)poi oiie la^uat ai \t&oi, aXKa rk ^jraftfiia ai/v 
toiat ovpottrt ikttu BtavXitf Towtft jmi <r>iftf}ia Koi iJX«j toC 
TtiBiix; yiyytraf ^t &i ifi^'pax^ "or* tj} KoiXiri fU^atv 
TeXevSfii, irovoi r^' otri^voi dfitpi ra^ ^oac /Ua^t rmv 
fisvttv vKivpiwv. •KoXKoiat yovv airoD) varov, wc liiro 
wXtVpiTiZov ffafXK ur)(lov, Kara p^xtv ivaKaiiirJti w ^v- 
vfvffcu ■j^XeiroK' ^toiwot arpd^ot, fiapttv, arfiXvarot. vo 
*jap SvTtpov iXixottSri. ^v icai vXi)pfivpij to o5poVf Kol 
otar^tet, vpoSvftii) oTToup^atw 0Kt^<nr<p aahiviev. tpixni- 
oret, i&U^oioi Si at ^vaaf vupvro\ haxvaiZcn, iiri^pot. 
avaXirt fiiv ^Xamtuo, fijj>^ it f) KOiXtt)- IffX""^- o/viatm- 
kS}V Tt vpoffitiptovrai, ot/re ireifrat o&t€ avaikafffiy fnji^u 
ijv a ^ rhy ovprjrripa o Xi'flos' f/iwe'ffjj, fipaafLot «9 airh 
pty&ii, aicSriaK tow Xiffov oSoivopiorroi: ftif wnfiM 0tai^'* 
ft^f 4t r^v Kvtrrty ifivetnj, ovpav aXi4 v6aTw&iiuy cic^vo'if, 
MOiXi'i'i S^o&oi tftwioSte^, ffTo/taxov KaTotrraan, ipev^it^, 
iv^avtrit n>v trp6tTQev jcaKuy vpoffe\v87] Kori ical vpov 
r&v ovptay alfia, AvaBopi) tou Topav arfoivit) Bt ivvripi} tov 
Xlffou ^ S(A TOV xavXoO BU^oBo'i. ^y yap fii^oiv t:^? oup^ 
6pr}V ep, £yiffj(:eTai iroXXitv xpoyov, lau irXfipfivpei f) KVtrriv, 
xai ttrfftupiri vvy eTraXytaripri' fw 7^^ TpSt wat ovptfnjpei 
irZ/iirporrar ^^aXtTroiTunj &« ^ t^y aicoXiStv t^oZo^. koX 
yip oyictirTpotiSetK owrawra, xai i-^l to« vopoK iirfirtoptit- 
9UK-' iiTifA^Ktti B't ri ireXXi BiawXaatropeyoi i/vi 7^ 
TIM- vitptav l'fio«. ■XP''^V ^^ aXXoi fiiv Xevxoi, ipytXtoSet^, 
ri, iroX>ia vatBioiaf HKXot &€ ^vdoi, KpoKouBie^, yipowt, 
oUrl vtp «ai iv vt^poiai ol XWoi |uwi^eev. eV kvot* yiip 

'Th«i>ri1inki7 milling, (uvyJfi^ ll*<*- <" i''^<f- nccording to Gnn*- 

fitaiip, hcmg pYiclnniiy fnullj. ihcrc rial 

fsumii to tw uo ulurniiiiTv butcilber ' Erm(Tin« r«iuls irdpoici wilk 

ta adopt irfiy, w au^gwtud hy Wi- tome (how of n»mta. 

U 2 


Vtu^otat fiaXkov. Btrrai Si at iutIm t^ vij^uk. yipowt 
fAr TO mifia ^vypof, vay^v to al/ut' -^xrjyiov Si rd va^n 
Saacov ir^rfwixi, rittftap Si, r&y vSaruv rAv QtpfiSiv ^uat 
at wrffoi' aw^v)(6irra yiip, ei? vttp^ifi&ia \i0av vtrfyvrat. 
iratSiotai Si woWav irwo rov aifiariK to tKtwStt h^0ir, 
ffviattK, Mcu; Tup, t^i- SSftriv t9\et,* 

ASdtav fiiv ovr ifi^i ytrivtoi T»t4St iroBf). ftert^hvpci 
hi T-tptoSotai oirpfovat alfta' Twtrt diri ai/MfifiotSety UttK^ 
f)Se ^ ^v/iifiop'y i/ioit Si xal ^ tow vKqveoi KatdoraaK, 
i^atxpot, vai$pot, ivpTfieTOi, awoaiToi, Sverrof /ajy pif 
eicKptB^, iKkvTot, trapcTot ri p4\ta' jc«^X^y Si xov^i Koi 
Aai^poTtpoi' ijv Si it TJiv irepioSov pijSiv ixpv^, kc^oXoV 
76«, apavpoi tos" oi^tos. VKortitZnet, up^tStrfvfut»M- «W«V- 
0€V ^iXtprrot pMpioc aXX^t oiSaXiot, aiia-}(Kuoviuv(n^ iiSpia- 
wuiiSe*s' c&Aoi Se peXay^^dKutSets f) vapaXvrot. evto^- 
o'lOf fkp alftoppoitf; ^wti0tot aiToroKa rdiSe. ifv piv oSv 
iKptif TO aXpa KaOapov, ap.tyti otpourt, rii wXX^ hcp4a 
avo Kvinioi rmv oipotv to atpa. ^pital mm koX axi 
pij^tot Twc t-E^pMv TToXii aOpaov ajhip *iSi irdyov ^<r)(€t, xdi 
fiyyomu $pop^ot <u? Jftu j(y$€y' evaf) Kori koX €v xvon, 
tbre tvyovpiri yiyverai Stiv^. 

'EttI Se T^ P'^JV ^^<« ffVfifiaivtt j(p6via xa't SwraXSitt. 
riitpap Si ftjitXxk, f} vptviov, tvre apdj^viov, epvffpov iiacpf 
$iv, t] TTvov XevKov ovpijdkv, aXXore piv Ka$ap6v, aptytii, 
SKKoTt Si oGpouri ^pptpiypivov ToiaSe j(pV "^ oiro^rd- 
ouK Suvfirp'fixTKttv, t^v irpfMTyevcovTOt -rrvperaX et ioTrfpijv 
Kai piyta' irovoi apif>l t^v wr^ut- , levjapoi- Ijv Se Koi iicpc^. 

* 1 am to lULillod Uul tbc t«xl u 
«aTTa|it, lh*t r<ir onco I fiilt n MrrrHK 
inclinaiion lo ailupi [ho following 
Ci>njv<.'tiir>J n^itkiL^ uf KnimriHA. 
■llhoush, in thn proMiit iniLBiico, 
even h« ii afinud to tuliuit It Into 

the t«xti — Uaiiimix U iroXKhv vri 

i'^tfiiv yiviaiaf Kfwc ftp Ti)* tipffV 
1 alioulil prcfec di^qc- 



€p6ii0M wwSnv, trofitcotiSfe^, arofi ^&i XewtoO irvov an-if- 
ffravK' tA S^ IXxta, £axnvSea, oXXore fiiv KaBatpofieva, 
SXlurre Bi pwapa Syra. SrjXtH Si to vvov, drap ijSe ofpa 
noKoSfia, ^ anoxia' tap /Uv oSv aifioppayUK tuktm icol 
iiro<7TrtiT(a?" ;^(/ui»- Sf vat ^Btvajrtopoy, Xi'Cow ^v Si Ari 
\i8otai cXxta yivfirat, ayaXOeev fikv ai vwaw, rayfiij Ttitt' 
tinv xot OaroTiK. 

K<^. 5'. Wtp\ Ttav (V KyoT(. 

Tav iv Tp icwFTt, voia^v ovZiv tvi)8ei- ri /liv if^o ^X«7- 
fuitrli) Kt^ Tpoifioai, ireafffi^ nal wperourt o^at mtlvovra' 
l\KOi hi Kai «Tro<rru<T(«, ») irapaXvaii, f) Xt'^os /iiyav ■)(pivia 
fiiv, (ivaX^ fe'.' oCrt yap Spvirrerat, $ irdfft, f) ^pfiait^, 
^ dfUJuOpvTTTOiTO, ovTf ktTiviuii; TifiVerai.'' ■)(pt) yap km ra 
XevT^ Tt}« KiiffTio* ^vvrafiveiv rii Bi air^fiap exreiye, ij 
i^iyOK ^fUpjiat. OTraafiolcn km wptTtArt 9in)aKovai' i}v 
Zk p,if ra/ijjv, (If ovpotv tr^aw, teal vivoivt, Kal wperoltTi >) 
TijKthotn <r/iV)(eTtu StyBpmvwr ^v hi ftl} napra >i^a« 6 \i0o<! 
tj}, (r^('<n£« fiiv ovpeov fwc^^tfT€/)ai. is yap riiv av)(eva ptjt- 
iiwi ifiwiirrtoy I'tTToipyu oCptov e^oSav. Ttiiivetv hi ti Kal rtar 
fif^nay aaifia^Trfpoi, aWlt rifiverai kwttk, Ki^y t« ric toO 

' I ttoTc foUowi"! the rending 
nggteleil by WiK»>i. luiil mlopuil 
by Knncrlti*. Xpivia ii mnung in 
■il tbe MSS^ but tmius iinliotioiiu- 

* I wimit there is loinflliing ngui- 

twal ill itie tfiil of ihbi rcmorkahlti 

MMtucC; but I bavt not vonlsrrd 

■ to altei it, WiK«] rawlti Otri yif 

' tptmrat 4 '^^ 4 fo^^'V <'ff>* 
C^DrTfk (.r.\. Enucriii* it Mill, 
buldur in tlic lib«iili'4 be UM*; Otn 
yd^ Ui SfivTtTai trim, oin in- 

viaii ri/iviTiU, By ths w^r, Im 
i»i)iht will hav» «pu*d on* vord 
which he ejpcu, by nailing ritt 
^apfiiitii/y, WtTr- 1 (o itifilEllo nilh 
tho lull M ■!!. I thould pTopoK to 
nsu\ tu fulluwii Oiri yip Opi'irrc 

roiro (tlfi^tOiii-imrair) ef-ri dfft- 
flw^ rJ^rpTtvL I un niUiii^ to 
be Here tlioi the puQAifc codtjUiu 
AllitMorii lo Ljibulii|»y, Lilliulrily, 
uid Lithotomy!! fico PA\iLr< Aoi- 
META. t. ii. p. ii9, Sji. Sac. Ed. 



Oavarov xivZwov itti^dyti, pvd^^ '^irfvtTalol vrd&o^ lov ok^- 
htwov cp, a\X' oO ipopjjrov eKtvSepoiffi aiwaov iieftetiv ovpov, 
Ktfv |3a£i'f>j, K^v riiBp, dTep7r« hi i)v ffoBi^ji- ol hi Kopra 
<r/iucpoi ra iroXX^ jofwovrat ^iceuf ' ^y hi ^Vforf^vtcij t§ 
Kuart \i0iK, Sta£i]\iK fikv r^ai /itXcSwvetfi, urap ovSe 
aaivfiit irovMcri mm ^dpei, k^v &v 17 huaovpii)t irtp- iiv hi 
ftij, Kai hvdovpift. ^vfiiravrat hi Toint Xiflovs Siar/voirj^ av 
Tpfft rtav y^ftfilay iv tomt* oupotai vrroirraatai- ir^ ^S^ 
Vp6KWBXit ri alhoia yiyvovrat. fine yap aTTOVpiov^i, col 
CirttTTt Kol a \l6oi, ihwiovrat, xal a/i^a^mai, koI tXxovtrt 
7A alSola, oican tok Xi'^oc fw tj kv^ti f^aipajfievoi' ff/*- 
vaSeZ Si koI IBpii KV^fffitohtj'; yvyvofumj' Trptyireriiv Se xai 
up)(o<! /9ip Hal ivTovtcrt, tpavratxiji tov ^KKpiaitK &>ider toO 
\i$ov. &fii^a> yap wyxioVTM. aXK'^kauri ehptj te ital Kvart^. 
&v eKor/pov wiiff^ovro? iravj(in ical, Oarfpov* .... Sia ToSe 

•njv KVtrrwi axUn oi Bittjai eS/mj, k^V fiti hri^tipo^ t) yaarijp 
Sj). Tota fiiv &>J^ta to. XiOeov. 

Alfioppayir) Bi k>]v fi!) Kapra o^4u<: irreivr), j(p6v^ Bi 
^f /Xftre fivplovf oi Zt wrr afreije Sp6p,^ot, la^ovplij 6^4»i 
oXiffpioi, OKtuTTTep 0! \i0oi' ical yap j)v to alfia Xeirrov re 
Kal ^uv$oy Koi p.ij ■7rayj(y 5 tinrwyi^i, aXfC »} iojittis « iroKKov 
oKi^ti j^povov, Kai i/Be Ofpfuiivovaa icaX h^vvva injyvvit, 
Kai (u&e yir/v^ai Oprifi^os- la^ovpii} p,ev ovv Syi^arturdrij 
KTtlvat. vpQvewtrfirfveTeu H Tourtotai aXy<K of«, irvp BptfiVf 
yKuaaa fijp^, >cal ewl Toiahf wapdijiopoi. Bv^axovai. 

'Hv ii hrX rp<iifMtTi SJvyo-i iic^vfi, rpufta ftev iX^pio^ 
TO hi t\/co<i K^v /iq apx>i$ey Kxtiyj/, wperoU ^ iftXtyfiai^ 
iy^ict<rrov yiyverai- XiTrtif ftcv ri wa;(0« Kwrriv vevpov hi 

* The but (oM worita an mlded 
hj EnnCriiU to tajqAy a lacuiut in 

tho MxL The Iaciuih i* out nuikcd 
in our Britiih U5S. 



Xotmu. trorl xoi to oipor ^^oXaiSw, tptfiii, SoKV&St^' tov 
SXjmK ^ {i/v^ Suura ijSt iv fiir T$<ri 7r\i)ptaatat Star^aTof 
ij*- Si KtvtaB^, ^tmiljev iravytt (wv ipBpov TraSei iv imaai 
•n jco! nt/i^c apdp<p Si ovk tva\6i^t fXtcoi oiShr. 

Kai Iji'jruov Si i^ airacmio-Kit •yiyvevat' Kvariov ffijft^ia, 
rAwtp hr aXXtnae iiri ^Xe^tuurig yvp, xol ^1 wprroiat, 
tuX fii^ff^i, n airrf<rT-(Krw iciiSvYot at uvroC- vicv Si aXX* el 
v^X"' ^>ifv>^V, ov KojcoSnov ix&iiot, cvijOta rd aim r&ySe 
f Aj»a' i^v Si ivivifi^a*, rpvytiicea, fw^cvoM, Ko/coSfta ov- 
piavat' r»v TtKMfSe oo fffiaivvtt 6araro<i' Saxva^ta fiiv rd 
»fp(r i&tn^pii Si ^ vpotVK twr&v, SuUfirti Si 4 iSwr) 
futr^i &K(Mv TOT> KavXwr fii^mtt Si avrioW 'rdvra mil 
ravarria- Keu vXijafiov}) mi letvwTK. Koi apyf'} xal xit^crtc, 
Kal XoiTpd Kai aXotjtri'i, luu Tpotftrj Kei arpotpLtj, km yXvicta 
Koi of e'a, aWav aXXa fiiv w^Xevn'AH', &XX41 Si ffXaTnoyruK 
tit 9v ^fiffipriu ftj) Swa/iowr, 

''Avai\c6pov fiiv ff '^voftpota, irtpvii Si Koi ^S^ fi^^i 
Axtnfi. ^ yUp oJcpWTirt Koi vapeoti ri vypi ^<^^ "^ 
y^vtfta t^epta, omK St a^rir^GOV pit* ^ 6opi}, oiSi eiriir)(ftv 
avriipr «rrl ovSi ir vvvotai. a\Aa 70^ y}V re €vSi}, j^v t< 
iypiffopirf, dmrio^eTot t} ^pi), afaia&qrrn Si f/ jtoi] tov 
701'iM' Ytyvcra*" voaiovat Si xal yuiriu/ceK T^fSe T^y vrntrw, 
dXX' ^1 KVijafioldt Twv fiopiiBv icaX t)Sov^ vpoj^ieTiu Ti^ffi ^ 
Oopi), arap Kal irpat avSpaz ifitXtri avanT^vvT^' uySpf^ Si 
»W o>M<t iSa^oyraf to Si piov vyphv, 'Ketrrov, ■•^v^ffiov, 
aypovv, ayovov. vm f^ ^looyiivov (K^tre/i^ya^ aifipfta '^v)(pri 
a^a 4 ^wnt! i^v Si Koi Vtot vtu^otai, ytipaXiovi j(fi^ 
yev(iT$ai irdyrip; r^c Iftf, votffvSetK, «Xvrow?, a^vj^w. 



im^vrcK, «oi^w, atrOfviai, pnevotK, awp^KToiKt hrwxpotK, 
XtvKoi^, ywatieafnai, ilirwrirow, ^j(pow' ft(\iaiv ^dpea, 
Mtil rapiOK CKtXit&y. aKpariat, KOi ii vavra vaperovt. ijSe 
f) coviTOf oStti « TTapdXvTiv mWoiiTi firffertu. vSxt yip 
oiiK &v jioy vtvptov »}5»; i) Si/va^itf wa0ot, T^e « ^'I'i Tfetvffiv 
^vanK^uyfih"t^ ; koX fifiiai &vhpa<i mteei fyiovaa 17 Soptf, 
Btpfieiij, ivdpffpovi, Xoo-iow. ev^ovow, eiidvpow, KpaTaiMK 
vo^aai Tt KM pi^of Bi)Xov>Ti oi avSpev. oUri hi ovk IvtVTh 
^toowra ^ doprj, putvoi, aaBtveet, o^oi^vvt, aTpij(ct, afi- 
vewi, ywtUKoiBut' SijXouffi 01 evvow)(vi^ ^y Be t« ayijp laiX 
iyxparrfi Itj rij? Bopfft, lepartuo'!, evroKfUK, aXmicK pev^ 
0fipliav' rinp^p Be aSXtfrSiv oi aaa^pove^. ivot fap Koi a* 
^vtTi tivSiV Kpiaaove;, vTt aicpaaiitt iroXKov t&v j(ttp6vetv 
yifvovTai ;t«/MM)v«. ttoWo^ Bi oi <j>vat ;f€peMiOT w eyxpa- 
TUi^ yv^yovrai Kpeaffovwv KpitroQVK. arap ovBk ^^v t^ 
£\Aau Tfu ytyverai xpafativ rj 8optjv~ ftiya. ovv koI it vTfettjv, 
Kal h aXidjv, Kal e$ fv>l'V)({riv, lUU ^ yiveaiv ^aMixra 1} 
0op^. UTTO <raTVpi^(T€W « yonppoi^ ^TrOiTKff^iy r) juirtt- 

Srifutxov tjSovif; Kal ai)Sit)t ^ye/wuv* xapBlrji; $ta{piov y&ro- 
vevfta ^ Toyov tcai Ovfiov, ^ adv/iirjy, r^v ^vxvt avfiirafffitj' 
ijSe aTOfuij(pv irp^rurra SOvapis- toSc ftey ovy fioi aXXij 
X^Kaerai. awoToieot ^Borij^ ft^v, evveifrit], tvaapKtt), cv)(poaj 
ToS (Dv/iaroc ayiBni<; Be Toin-cuk rayayrla, leore mu ai&Ufiiij 

' Ermcrinii Tonturta 10 ertso the 
Ittt lime wontf, knd alwo ^qXoCiri 
ol iyip>t- abuTr. from tlie icxi. 
Hon rdlclujiiiv Hudutt 

* I cauDot bat think thu thu tnie 
reading must be laTiaragic I do 

not think mjteir wKnuntcd, bOw> 
rvcr, in mnkiiiji micU mi nltcntion 

wiihuui autliuriiy. Eimcniii rtmla, 

not ofpciur lo luc lo be ui impiovc- 



vaaiji, i^iffot leai avtxrrpoifti} rmv yei/fidrtaf, ovk ^i> upoaai- 
ptmnfU iMfOV, oXXa terfv aderira fiiv g t^ <r«TUt< ava-TTtfiira- 
{jbkTiu a vat/rlg, ^ aTropl^.f^irXahtfi, ^ KOpitaKrilg- xai <rta- 
Xo^oot Si, Kcu ifietoi ivioK. laiy o/iwf to aAfia Tfipjj. ')v 
fotrriip fisiirg never] rtofSc, rov&t ttovov ptjirtpov ^pet T^t 
vpoffapauK. tjr Be xat inr ava/jKtri >cvTi e? t^v e£oiB})v Ti), 

SkytK, Koravutv fii^v oZinnf arap xai av>(l wpo? f*iv tA 
toUtta ToioKTOr « Si ra aXXoxoTa xpTjtrr&z, aW^ty^ r&v 
' Jcara ^vatv i^ to eyeTraKtv ayfiij&iav k vavra, ictii ^uyi) xal 
fuvov vvriwr hr\ ii towi ytea^tjyv tHiv iifitntXtniav j(iopl- 
0(ff4»- S\yo^ iroXii Be xai /K^ctf, ijv wpoff^fpmtTot wti Kara- 
vivaurt' atnj, diropii, S^tev a/iavpal, wrwv ^oi, ffdpta 
Kt^aXtiv, vapKfi ttt\4wv. Kal ra yvia Xvovraf TraXfiov iv 
Totfft inroyov&pioiai, if>arraairi r^? pa^ioi; i^ t» <rieiKef kimv 
fUvj^, aXXore a\Kg tjSb xaicettre ^epeaffai Zoxiovat, tcijv 
ioT^iaiiffi, K^v Kara/cAevrai, Sicw? inro aip^t iv()ia>v koXo- 
fiot, t) tevSpea' ^TUy/ta ■^v)(p0v, iitaph (iiro^Xtifowrt. «rvv 
Se KaX yoXi) $ ■trtnpo^o'KiHin, oKOTwZtet, oBi-^ot' Kify itr 
iZeap^ai Si^qc SoKtaxTt, aypvnvoi, vcoOpoi, vvtrrdktoi, ouj^ 
jrnYf) aTpeidi' KWfiaTtoBtai S' oftotoTra6e€v, utj(VoI, cfor^oi, 
aoGfviei, eitKvrot, Xtiirohpavee^, a-^v\ot, iiiXoX, fiavytof 
l^a-Ktytit hi opyiXoi' xapra tuKar/)(p\iiSiev- Kai yap (fw- 
MiXdv Kore is fu\ayj(<>\irjv oi r^tioiBt. 

TdBe ndvTw T^s ^X^s", TOW vropAyou o^tSoiroe, flvat 
ifi ri)V 7rii6t]V oi Be B'l iyfipanriH oix c*SoT(f ra (v/^vaSea 
tli4pta, i<^ oltrt ri Btivorara •fiyytrtu, Tor ffTOfiAj(<ir ahior 
^ovvraf fiiya Bi n iritmv Siv \iyia ij ^vvii^ta r^ icapBi^, 
ev0a irdmov ^ ^PX^- p^oov 'jap iyifyt t^u irvevfiovt t) 

' Ernurin* atWr* di« Uxt <o x'X'i i, wxf6xoXiHf but OV <luuagD seem* 
W b« required. 


ofti^ Si vpotrtK^VKoai r^ p"Xy ^^ ^^ ivpK ri;!' jcap^upf 
•ftnoiflfia, nau KopicaXyiii, /cai licKwiv, tal rd fuXoT^^nXw- 

AitUu a T^f yovvw, Koi <t\\at /lir fivpuu, jcatpiij Si, 
vvov ffW)(yov atrh KoiKlfit Sti aro/ui^v ^(y^ev. ^vv^ffev Si 
xcd TOW inro re ivdyieatt ix&eSi^Tjjti/ii'oi'; Xevr^ xai crxXijfw 

TX'ifiaai, tiiat dtifjt /mv ftaS^oioi ttoB!}. oXtyoatri'tj Si koX 
ar^pwvif], Koi fttK^dtVTi Xtrfiov re ntu vpTfyfidteov ao^iitV 
olai OjTtpofjnT} fifv Siainyt aBpff; leai iro<K(\<}«, X4/*«t Si ^ 
rpo^^, ««i vBmp imiv, koJ iv vnvt/i avitvli). oltyi fuASaxi) 
fiiv tiivri Sarpuroi pfo^uil, afupiffXr/fui Si ewreX**, a^m^^ovi} 
apai}], TO Si rov&e itpaviK i KOtfov urjp, wXovTOs Si irvoait 
0e{tis vtpiovaii) re <tal ^^trif. ra&t yap avriwffi ayaSi 
yiyveriu eptort viuSfirff xal tt wpoaaifiovrat, ewrtAi* fUv 
ffiriav, oiiSi i^ Kopov ^SuS^v, dW' i<! ^>}V ftovvmr viae iw" 
otvifi 0wpt]^it, ov BvfiijSiri' oi pinffoi; m) vfpioSoi, oi cm- 
ftdmv MTKiiaiv, ovSi <rapK&v VfpiffoXt^, t^ios yap ovit &y 
terrdyot irofStirj* *fM»«; trarplSoi, roKijaiv, KaatyvtJTWV, taiv- 
Twv fU<rijn 0avdTov, roitrSf oiv Tti/ceSatv jtiv tow ait^ite9, 
&)(potn Trfv ftop^tjv, Kol iv VTOTijTi yr/paXeoi, nai i/tr iwolif^ 
Kon^t, yjrvxh" Si dfieiSle^, dfttl\t^(Oi' aroiid^u Si Ktutoairit}- 
Toj^ Q Kopot T^? fwt;5eo? evTfXtoi; koX kroifiov Tpo^t, 
atifffi^ Si woKciXi^ iSo>Sii^ OKVot Si vdvTtav yevfiarmv. (fV Se 
xai Xafioyri ti tw ^^vwv, ffKafitj, aTotrrpoipoi (iiOvt ^ 
wdvra. rjSe itrrl tno/id\ov j(povi*i voOamr <f>\fyfiovai fiJ 
jtai pevfiara, ical icapBtMyftov, ^ wowk, aropMjfiKiv oi KUcKt}- 
aKtrat vdOm. 

0epot aytt TijcSe tvCaotr ev6a Koi w^to<t xai api^utt «ii 
ledvmv aSwap-lr). rjXiicii} Si yr)pa<!, oltrt ical Si^a trdBeo^ 
Suk TO ToO ^iov tAw, ttaX t) Spe^tt « Tepfui j5«(. 




Stdppota rhv &v0puiirov 'Or}(t*' xai, ivriv 17^% rpo^^ 
irhrrov ^ Siappota' aX\' l^v ftt} Art <r)(tS^ov nje oiti'ij* 

7f)rl'0IT0 ToSe i^l ftlTJV t) BimiprjV ^fi€pt)V ftOVyffV, vplK Si 

mu 5Xo? 6 &v6ptOTTO<; iur0fvUi, ur/w^/p tm) i7*fijvf«';, ^ovti) 
VovTm ij KoiKtaiii} yiyveTat, arovl^ Tov Triuvofro^ &tppMv, 
Mai ^iJf( T^ KOiXi'j)?- <Dt« Xyerai /i<v ^4 0epfi.hv ^ Tpa^- 
iiKfC ovK iieivdvad ffep/tov, oiZe ^c ^/t^v oiKfiov Tphrei, 
i^fimKia ti XfiTrrt a^pavdp rov tcXco;.' ^ Sj a<f>t0tMa 
Tip ipyatTiTp e« kowov aWotwrat Koi J(po^^ Koi oBfifi Koi 
ffvtrrdft- y^VKt] f^ev yAp koI a)(o'\m 17 XPOO), KoKO&f*a Zk 
*fttl ffopffoptoSea' irfplj Bi ical aavvrarot itrpayni, tiovvriv 
Si aptrfiv Xa^ovrra r^t vi-^iO'i ri)v apxf}'- 

AtA roSe ^v<Tfi>Set<; h tV yeuTripa, ipuyaX fwe^wv, 
ieaica£ee<;, tjv Si ical k&tw irtp^ta^i, rpv^i p.h' tA fyrtpa, 
^vaat ik £icfia<r( iaaiiat, iiypai, ipyiXiiSees' ^vraaiai Zk 
fir auriaurt w? ZienBlavra^ vypoti- Ttivoi tiJs koiXi'jjs- ^apw, 
OKOiov vv'/fia, aWoTf Kal iXXoTf <Vj^vos" St" itai arpotpov 
(Sf^/MdTTDti <i>J^o^, iBpat^T ciiBiv 71 iTptj^u rmv avvydotv 
nhovot, aWi Krjy ^oBi'fij, \vtrai ri fiiKea, ^\t/3ef xpord- 
^y (iFt}pfi4vat, irpoij>ig fhp KoiXoKpoTatfiot, iwi^Xt^oi Si 
Koi Travrl t^ at^/utru oi fkp ov -niaaei jiowov •>) vovaa^, 
aX\' oi/Sk Tipf op)^v ii tov Syieov dvaSiSot- Soiceti yap pot 
ov -njv irc'^? ftovvov, aWa Koi t% avaipopiii to TniCos 

■ ErniGrinii rouila w followtr ^fu- nec«Mity for thit «Jl«ntion, wliich 

nXia a \titeu iipavlf li ii 6^i- apptat* to nw ujrtliing bm an 

Otiaa roC riXtat riit ipyatiiics.T.X. unptOToaent. 

1 mUt MJ, I CMinM TCCO|[QiM Uio 



'Hv Si «M At" w^^vti 1} miffo! fiytnjTM, aye* km to 
B»i TOW vavToi eiV rSjv KOiXltjv iruXtc, eCr* ^^ ■njw&Bi- t^ 
JE^MC. a^oXfoi £^ fh vriita, ayucjio* hi t})v imtroXfiv, an- 
Bpmret, KOiXii aXXore vvpi<f)\tyt}t m^ tiir a¥$paxov, oXXotc 
a (i* aiti) KfivardXkov •^\>)(po<rrayii<t. Kori Bi letu aJ/ta 
TOMTt ia')(a,'rotai iv am/^uXottri iirippttt ^av&iiv, HKpriroi', 
Ofityh, w BoKtfiv ^Xc/3o« ffTOfLtov aVfSy)($tu. &vta6Ut yip 
n Bpifiii T^t ipu^ai. fifjicMTov Ka\ BvaaXdtf: kokw, teal 
yap •}»• Bonhj vevavaBai, avtv ^vrfji)? irpoijtwTuxi iraXivBpo- 
fU(i iffavBit ^Sf Koi iwi aiMKpfi aiuipraXg ira\ivoptx<K 'jiuh 
h vtpiohnv yovv ^Sij ^ir^. 

Tipovat ^vvt]$t^ TO icaKoV, itaX <yvvat^\ /xaXXav ij avBpaat, 
vtuSiotat Si Sidppota ftiv ^("e^;, i^fiipip oMpaaCri TpO' 
^^f. aW ov leoiKii]-! levrei ^ vovao^.^ Titerei St ffipoi tStv 
aXKiav btpiw /laWov fierditiepav Bturepav, y^tfimy Si o 
"^vxporartK, ijk ayj^ov v^eauK to fffpftov tj/tg' ejri y(poytji 
Si vovv^ Kal ^Bt Kal Svaevrtpai icai Xtttrrtpit] rUrtrat. 
aKKi Kal j^avBay •^vjfpOTroalt} KQTe ^vvitrrrjae ttiv vmmtov. 

KitiKiKo't S^ KTilvovrat tlXtw tai ovpi^ t>fite<;. iraw fiiv 
tiiv aiTta pupia layiu rifi Butffiato'i' m]fj.i}ia, SdpK ^iw «r' 
aatrirj, Ivffa 5>) TO vd&os /idKitrrd yt upaiMi' Xkvov vovXvf, 
vo)0it^, dwooirai, lir^oi, aypvirvoi, olSaX^ot Trpoatnea' K>iv 
fiii' irpos T^ inrXijvi vovtp ie&\ov, ti<\ayj^\topot. Xtvtei- 
j(SMpoi B(, OKoaoK trpov i/Tiart, ^vfiwadtip rity ayx*"^** 
ffTrX«7;tvwv jjv Si wpotTatpaivrat Tpo^rjv, ital cwi afiixp^ 
Koi a^iJo'y KtipTa iPvatoSec;, xal vpjOvp.iT] ftiv ■!? ButTrvo^v, 

' turn In ihia cIhiih i* not « Emii^iiii. Ii it wurliir of remvk, 

(Btiificiury ri'Kdins 1 and jvi I Uiat tglt i> ■ F4uuli.ti term fur 

wuulil liiMiUtc to wlvpl wa9tl with Hoinaili. Il uccun in Dmu^ 

Wlititn, ot nuXi'if irgitimi with PocnuL ■ 




aiit^oBoi Si ^v<rat, ipvyai rt Sana ffiM/ttvat, Ar&p luU O^ 

KOI ur^pvpirr TOVTWM-t oWa art SXXotv. 0Mui*a te rov 

yap itai i^aftov xorc to^ Kpfftairri}pa^, w? iSii]v e^ovriK 
ofVi'ijf. a\XA yip «a! rmxrioun Avr ^tXXarf ^X\& 

KO* ?Kitta iivit tv^ea' v&fpot Bi mt ^Oiau^, avaK0ia. ivX 
fip ^fi Koi jfyfuwri vaj^t km ^Xcyftari toXAm noVXm- 
Sa ^wurrartu ^ tvvaiK- arap jcai fikuily xal &pjs ^nrp^g 

K<^. &. Wf pi Av<T(VTtpir)S. 

'Erripav ra piv arm Xerni lati j^oXaiSta pto^t rov TV^Xw, 
^Xo^re cn-wtXijy airo Si rovriaty ra xdrw iraxif fci <Tap- 
miSta p^ff^i Ti}7 <t/>X^ ~°^ eiidtoi fyripov. 

'Eyjiyvtrat ovv iv Stratji ?\K(a' Siw«Tfpiij Si teoi^ TWf 
iXxiuy at tSiat. &ii rASe irouciXai iaai ai vovaot. rk phr 
yAp ^iiroX^; ^^i ivrtpa, avatopii¥ pmirrjv voitvpeva, mil 
fffTic a<7tyia. arrap Si aaivitrrtpa -jroWiiv, (jv *raT<i> _'J tA 
vti$tf a>X fiv Si afj,iKp^ p(v cti fiaOvrtpa ra tXicea, ovk 
ev^Ofa Si xal raSe. SXKa Qadia KaX ob\ larofifva, oXX* 
iaffiifuva, 6Sw<oS€a, Ipvarra, itoi CTror^aKeXifoi-ra, 8ava- 
TwS«i.' arhp Koi ^\^0ia eiri T^ai vop^at yiyvovrat wtpl- 
0pWTa, (v j« TOMTi iXxeai jcai <TTaf(ev aipopparfiait' ri 
fU^¥ dEXXo *B« i\xitov ij^mSfa, Tpt)j(^a, av^paka, ruXai- 

' In tItE* tcnunce I I>nr» no' Iiai* 
toMd to adopt Pctii't Biik'K'^'<<'u, 
ud hSTB rtad Umiiitta In pUc* or 

faytiaiviiita \ but for thu lenc lio 
can qDflU no auttiorlly. 



Vta, <ut (>' (vXf> ^of throfuv, SuaaX$ia Td&, ovn fiip 
airfi\t]» {ntiSiw'i *^X^*- prftrtpov re yap Xvorra*. 

Airiat Bi BvfftVT€fUriv fivpiai, htUaipoi S^, awe^iat, 
•^v^u<t <rvtvxif^, BptfU»i' vpoaapat^, fivrrayrur, itpofifivov 
avToii, (TKOpoBov, KpeS)v vaXat&v Bptfitoiv iZwS'j. i<f) olai 
&ve^hf vypw aijOa, kvkwv, ^ ^pwreaw iro/Mi, ^ ola kotA 
Xi^pftv iKAa-rfV ivrl ofvof yvpvrai iii}rto<; aicea. ardp xai 
TrXtjyi] Kai i^fn xal >jnr)^}oiroaij} riicrovat ekxea. 

At Si fKKpiatev Koi ra {i/i-eoi^a tomi ?\K€<rt ^pa Kai 
&rtpa, eir aXXourt Kai dWonrt. ffv fier fip «rnri)A% ^i;, 
avtaOfv fUv XemA, ;^XaiSea, &votTfia, ttX^v okovov iir (vri- 
pwv. tA &e avo njs jn')tTTio« KaroKopfa /laXKoy, xpoKoHKia, 
KaKoiBta' Ta Se ical fiv Tp Tpo^p XfXvfUirj) /^iv. aWa rpt- 
%<i]h oXAotc KOKoSpoy t<ni, tu ^ ?\ie(a tnfTrfSdyea t^XXore 
he iff^ft, a>i iirh amj^aKuv fiovvov t^v oa/i^v avo Se roiV 
KOTta ijrX TOM't SXxeat, vSortiJSca, Xcttt^ avoafia' ffi/ H 
eni ftaWov $a6ka, t'XtcpofiZea, viripvOpa, otnuSta, ^i Stctit^ 
iepta)v TvKviiA. oKKoTf f*(V ISi;} rdSf, aWon Si ^ijv roiat 
HoTrpioiaf Kill rdhi bypii XfKvfJ^iva riji TTfpippitp, cE^oXa, 
£yoafia' fj fuvcffTwra, fij^a e^iaat, oXurSTjpa rp treptpporp' 
t}v £^ fiffiu KoX Xiionpa ij ra fKieta, iiri pxv Tottrt ivta, 
jfpXiijBfa, Kai tt(f/' wy Koi St' &v fpyrTat — «al yhp riiv fSpriv, 
— Biiicvft. Spifuia 70/3 ij X"^^' *"* ^' fiSXkoy ^v o^' cXjwo?* 
Kol t) X''^V 2f "fitov 0*0)9 XiVas. eiri Se tow* ^aStmpan 
TouTt Kartt alfidXat^ vaxvi <Tvy i^Xeypari, aapKoiihia ou 
Kofrra viava, f tw/iainiSea, w atr evr^puy tlva*. arap itai 
oKa o-Vfip^fiiicrat ptpea- ^perai XevxA, wa^e'o, /ii/fmSea, 
trrfoTi ^vyKOvhri iK^Xa, ^i/v t^ vepippo^. toSe /Uyroi awi 
Tou <i0i<K ToS Trapafi^KetK ivrtpov. oXXore Se ^i/^iu£ca 
^vTOf, o£a$coSea, vfiiKpa, ffrpoyyvKa, SaievmSta, e^vaard- 
ffta^ WKivhi, Kol TTpo&vnirjv fw ^Sovp 7roi£u/i«va, iKKplaiav 
Zi Kapra vftucpdf ruvavpii'i roOSe ^ ewiKKfjiTK. airi Si 

XPONinx nAooN, biba. b*. 


Tov KuXov ifiipoyTtu xaX aapx€<t i^pv0pot leai neyaKai, irtpi- 
fpa^ir roWiv fU^ont fxpi/atu' e* Si 0a0la ylyyeTai tA 

/raXXov. ejrtjv Si fpVTj ital iadiy jh t\xea, Kai t<r<ciTM 
fujSofia ivl /iTjSfri, dni>0(v ftif irpin rouri j(<)\titBfat roiai 
KaTOKopiui, KpoiaiSfa, xai eira^pa, rpvyi0>vra, xal fuKava, 
uraTuSta, vpaaofi&ea, va)(yrepa r&v wpoaStv, KtuaoBea, 
Ofcwf 7 ffijirr&ov, Btajfoipiet. rpot^ vw awemaripti, w inri 
oSovTMK Xdffpmv TfTpt/i/iiyji ftovvov. ^v Bi r^ xdria dv«T- 
Oitfrat, aifLoXaivts /i^Xjii'ts, va)((a, aapicoticia, i^pvffpa, 
GpofifiaiBta, aWore /tiv fi^Xava, SWort Si 'Travroloi^ nofKtXA, 
Kt'uwSfia, oil ^ptfth, itj>(irt(^ twc uypoiv affovkftrot' avf 
XvOtf Ktni teal «;pij«« aicpirov Kari irXevva, okw? ^71^; ri 
ivTfpov, KM Stoi trapev^ev afi^X evrepov roivt aiYVOOvat tow 
irpijyfuvTtK. TO Se iart rotov&e. raiy evripciv, OKWi T^? 
KOtKiiji, )(iTWif &toi Soufi- drap koI aXXiJXoiin iirtfidK- 
XotiVf otSt \o(oL ^v o&v i) iiir\a^ Xu0ff, 6 fiiv et/rin ^'Ttitv 
dirooTfls ii n^KO^ i^a xtapUt, 6 Bi imot ptifiVfi finvvoi, Kal 
aapKmrrai, km iitiaTft>>jOvra*, Kai uXBi^ovrai, leai ^toraat 
aiTimv. vdffxfi Si to xdrea /u>vmv, atrlri Si tuv j(i.r<i>viLv 
TO 9€tpKoaS4i. ^y Si alfui awo t<v arfftlov <f>epJirtu ^av$oy, 
>) (tiXav, KoSapiiv piti, dfiiyi^ rpoipffi, ^ oKV^iiXtov artp. 
fl Si ivivwyo^ iirnrrriiwuTO irKariin apa)(vioivi i/ttXot 
GpofLffoinat, ^c ■^vx^y' oi/Si yap ^ irivrt't atfiaro^ txicpiaii' 
T^S Si potfy iroXX^ ^iiy wiVfuiTi f*4^*- t^ irfpirrautoi ij 
^vratritt t^s tKKplatoi. yiyverai Kore Kal iv KwKip vvov 
liirraati, oi>Sev t( twk <IXXo»i' twv eWos ^X«t'wv fei-inrpe- 
ttn^pTl, Koi yap ri. tri}fi7}ta xai t^ trvov kuI ^ tlXflefn ru>» 
iXxeMV 7 aiun'}, ^v Si iKKpicifi vK\>}pai riav vapicoiiZiiev 
hoat, rtrpififUvat, Tpt]j(An v^fjuuri Xk^Xiu, »J &Tr6(naffi<t oir 
70V fv^0€Oi Tpiirov piti Kori iroXX^v dm toO KotXov CStap, 


&uffimpuaS*a rpomr. vSpeamK nsSc /tvptitK ippvaaro? 
tA fiiv iXxta, w hrov. ttiftlf, ta tv roio't iiriipntvt rotaie 
Arap i)£^ KM ^ Twt-Se i&if), Ktu at atro TurSe iiucpifftet, ond* 

^poffm Se Kai tA (vvt6rra tKoaroivt twv foaeomtv, ffy 
re eir^Sta, ify t€ airapa y ra i[kicea. affpoov nir oiv eip>ia6a, 
^r cmiroX^ ayaSoptf, ^r re Svw, ^ te itarw eii, &wvpoi, 
iirovot, ipOoarahif irfut^Ofifrct, Vftutprifft rpai ZtavT^t 
irtpoiioi. ijr ti iXxoi tyyinjiat, ewl fxiv riMat am arpi^xn 
fifunw^Tt, Spifiii^, an atro xo\^ fftpft^ afUKf^, Ifiiruot 
«XXiw« (uU JXXoTC ri W wWo*", j/iiruot.* i) «-^*« ifftxn- 
\U^, ovK airitftTW' ^r Si rwvt Kam fXxca fivrftcn, iroXXir 
T( aaivitrtfpa rSn/ a>/of ivol ydp t<1 h^tpa voXX^y ti /taXXoy 
ruv a}JiMy aapKoeiSfa. ^t Bi xotXa xoi u^ccr^iot^a it tA 

inroSpvxtat, vtpi^v^K, airofftriit, iypinrvitf ipvym Kami- 
{*«, vavTft}, X"^"?* ?/*«Toi, »-*0To8iMj' ^c £j voXX^ /lit- 1} 
^pt), ^'\mS€<rripay Si ycyyrjrat, ^iripot-ot v^po^oi, ml 
^Xm irovot /tSXkov votI ntu IxXvaiK Swa/u4K, vvoXwru^ 
yovvthoiy, KawtiiSftt, St^^raXiott &4n)Sfet, favri^ fit>jiwttr, 
fXStaaa ^pi), ^vypdt fffuicpoi, Utovoi. rox/titw o&X^, 
ixova iv\ rourt jcaitoetSeai eXxttri IXt^a ri BarartiiSta. 
KopSimoaov/Ti fuaifn \efrroffufiit}<i. fitrf^tpot Si ovSi it 
ayaicnjair hraXtvSpofitjaatr oXX' ovroK i^avov ruSf ri 
Sfivk ^uva Ktu Tp<Ti aiTo tbm- Kar» hnipmv Sia^pivttri, ^ 
viprfTai piv ra SXxea, atry^ot Si ^ ^f»j' vkijy oieiaw ot 
rrpo^ot not 01 -Kovot vwo tov optjiaXof itarw, hOa tA fXxca. 

' Hii'iHKTUt, Apll. TJ. 14. itlv ra!#iv am ffrpnfoc lonvltK, 

• The uxi, which it hj no rnenni ipiiiit. w; iri x^^^vt- "wit '^■^4 

in ■ uiibfu'Uiry •(■U. u Ihut at- £XXari iiai iXXon, ri 7«|> rUor 

tcmftvd to lie cmcndcft Ijv Eniic- t^irvoi. 

nMB — ^i" ^ IX>w trj^ii^ru, Iri 



IBiat Si atht t&iv ijocpiafotv, iicoiai.Skt^. ^v Si ivl TOtcrc 
vpuTQun erftutp^ §, aKiucw;^ Sc (« fiaxpov g voft^, aXXa Ar' 
fXXoK iX«ca yiyyerat, t£>v ftiv vpt^vvOfUnov, SXKtav Zi ko- 
pv^ufteveoy, o«ai? tv doKactrr) lev/iara. Towv&t to t&v <X- 
xitav x^fio. ijv Zi Kal Kort (irapKfV^) fiiv ^ ^vatt, crwa- 
vit^<rTi Se Koi i trjrpltii, irfvavrat ftiv V >'°/*^< "^ davarov 
oiiK opp<uBfu, a-JcKripk Bi wo! 6\duihia filfiva rd ivrtpa, xai 
TwcSe rs fttutpov »/ (tX^fft?. 

AliMppayifj Si air' htiprnv, tjv fUv neyiiK'i}^ ^Xf^So! ^ 
apTTipiiit es, <B«w o davsTO!. ovSi yip ovSi t^v X^'P" ^"' 
varov efftu ia}iaaaa0ai, KaX toO (ItVyto; fltTfu-, ^ ^pfieuatv 
ai/r^ T^ IXjcec ir/joaiSiiXXcif. «»/ rot «ol «t hriaxoiro ij of- 
fMpparfli) ^pfiidfctp, ovtc ^Tptxt]^ rov davurov t} <t>ir/^. fuprt- 
^rripouri y&p /i^ynX^? ftr)(apt}v ttcvrwaK r^t ^Xeffiii to 
OT^fiuiy e'f fU^oy (iipiiveC eSre urai dpofi^oi ivSov iyyiyvovrai 
Kol /M/ivovat e<rm, a^VKrot 1} fDviro?- ;^f>^ oSv apj(pfUV7j<Tt 
aifioppayi;jcrt tip^tv. S^\jf St «*f hrmav yiyyerat /«\- 
XdViTii, ti Koi fii) vofiwav tStnifuif atrri ^vvttm, aTropii}, 
fidp<rt TOO TOtrov, tv0a p^aarrtu, (pv$r)pa rov vpoaeairov, 
t^v pT}heKto pay^' Kfjv /tiv »} ^\i^(' Vfoppayi/i Sji, w iirivav 
fia>^aiT<Terat vdntrav. tjv Sh vpoato fi -xfiovov, x«^«i"*T«pOf 
Kol ffpaSvrfpov. roiiiS^ /tir rtt iv (vripoii jXxta. 

riyveTtu Si 6ipfo^ ^ptf SevT€pov ^divovaipoi/, ^aaov rjpov, 
^urra j(tifi£)KK. nal Sidppoicu p.iv, vaiSioKrt «ai finipa- 
KUttaf Svffeyrtpirj Si wefidtpvai KaX veourf yijpiK Sk SviraX- 
0i^ fcal h otretX'^v ypovioy ra Se dvea8i6fi4va yepovat a^Oea' 
ariip Koi aifioppayit} ^Vfufxoyoi y^pa.* 

* The comnion reailing ii anlii- 
gaoMt. GnntriM raadi dfiVf vfoc- 
Fnhkjw our ■ntlior lefct* tu iliu 

bloody dinchargcit Ooni pilu, which 
u-Q noi nncsmnioii in old ftgo. 



Kf^. i'. lltpl AtUVTtptJJf. 
'Hv jiri iwrmpi^t icai fXxeat T-X^riat <mJ KOpra Bofiivt 

pift n ot, ra atria ht twvSc ^ t^ motm SMxf'^i, wTjpo, ofito^ 
a^ptra t«v rpo^ifiMr to 70^ tmt of^xwr o/mm*' &' e^rvp «c 
TiTr aita ^opijv 17 rpo^i} at^ataaa, atrenXeiaeir tj ^rmXtj. 
irptt^iif odr tot at^pvirov i^X^* luil axpoi'l, ito* aroriif. 
iwutk'^w TO vti0oi Xeto-re/Mif fff^t, — to «ri t^ ovX$ X^yai TMr 
hnifKav, — roOtritjiA. Mil nir /i^ i^ i>jei»Mr cart 17 woA;* 
JFXXoTC £« (mpa (ikf imOJpt our mtx^' ^ik £e «tu /(cX^ 
JH^t^Mxtira iK^&a^Kti t^ h^(fin. to 7^ o- rovreoitft 0^ j 
fi^ i^*" Kara-^^xTx^iy larrf fiffre KOToiriiTaj}, fiijrt r r^ am> 
^opip' mviaa^, oKparor Se vtr' daBewiij^ eg, BtaStfy^xtt 
wiy fpyor ^ Tpo^ij. aX\' ^f ^v <r^£«>{ icai /i^ c^poi'i; yi- 
VtfTot ^ iai0apvtq, oKXi ^ovX?, arXovt ^funxt avi aviluv 
l\w€ rijy rouaof. tjf Si wpov^xu^ XP^'Vt "^ ^ ^^PS *& *} 
oiTn} Tovr^wi', oi^r mifteXect. 

Tixra Si Ktu XP"'^ rotMTOt, Koi opdotrrdBtiv xap^f^ 
drop mi vSpttvi^ ime ^ roSc airi^T/arftay «vrv;^w(, ^ 
XOK^ ^r etc leateov, oXA^ gpiarmv ^ S(a£i>;(ij. 

TJ701 TUfoi^i voTfpri ayaSi} fiiv ec xaBapaiv xal TMwr, 
^fi^pi) ^ vovaoty fivpuw rt icai Mtucw. «^ 7^ cXxcw 4 
^Xpy/MKTi't^f >J poC ftovvov, aXXa k^v t^aviviyi oXij nvo» «4i'«- 
Tjrai, oiittttK lerelvu. yeypoipartu fiiv o5v cv oXXoMn, MObS 
•n>v anr aiiririt t^v okeBpta ofen. tA J^ j^povio poo« S»- 
irXA>c, iTK\i}pit], IXjcca, ra fiCT airifea, tA W K€ucoij$€a' vpit- 

TTTOffK Skf]<!, 1} fUpfOt. 



fi^f 4*' ^IfMi ^avBivt Koi at rovSt iSieu, ^ ireXi&'dv ^ fU- 
iMT, Koi 'Kerriy, ^ ira;^ xol vemrtiv, otw Spo/t^of Xev- 

X^TTOT,' ^ A<7rr« lyAip Koi xojco&fio^. Xfvxin W oj? Tvoy, 
£^ lir^ric^, wf XevKit Sppof irap Koi atftaXtiri^ Kori j^ 
inH^ trvyfitpiff, pvpuu ik oKfuu vapa to /toXXov TOUT^wr 
Koi fiTToy iBitu. ■rrepio&oi Si aXXoTt ftiv ^ eiri fiffva KaBap- 
ati, JXX' ovK i^ riiv apy^aifjy (wiritrrarai irpo&evpiiTfv. tw 
iroXXor fUv ri aifta, €V rifiipijm ti rroXX^iTi itpitf 0X47?^ 
fttptK ^ ^ fiuXct^ir, aXX^ Koffap^. oXXof veptcBov rpi* 
iriK, c^ irpo0«afib}V &k loaX ouie ii v\ij0o^ vxpi w\4iirToy ^ 
wpan^ imSapvK' Sit ^ Koi rpU KaBaipovreu avii ■Kiirra 
Tuk /liJfB* uXXi; iS^, Strj^eriK piv r; jmij Koi OfUKp)) i^' *i/t4' 
priv iitaaTfi<:, MXd ci! rov oXov fttiva oir •rtd'/)(y jSati}. oiiH 
yip vvripi} pift t« trrofia, dXKi dyvmai, jraptaiy is ^(^ 
aw vyponjTov •iraaj(Owa- ei Si /t*^ SidXtiwa p^re tr/w 
Kpav ixpin, alpoppaytj] 6ri)<tie&vai. mip^ia Si, irpov "i^t 
jfpoigirt Tov jtoov if XP"**} ^^^ av0pa)7Toir aypvavot, aitoavroi, 
iaaaiSttv, exXmot ciri to ipuffpbv paXXoy, Koi o&vvaiSeev, 
Koi KwcoSpav iir ap^tt' to pevpa' aWa paWoy xai ^aoy 
i)tXoTt Kttl lirXXorc. o piv yap Xci/ncot xaKUtv, riy pe^y ww 
»J oTpr(S»v hf JiXXorc Bi 6 ipvffpii, ^v aypiaivy i) iiA^pia- 
ff«. idpoov &e (ipriadte, ptXav piv anavraiv tcaxliay, irt- 
XiSviK StvTtpov, at^fpot Bi Koi Xewcot km imu^f, patcpo- 
Ttpoi fiiv, ^aaw Si KiySvymSttv. rovr^y &e avrlaiy 6 atj(pot 
KaKtay piv, woXXw Si Kp^aaeov o t*5 <njv»jtfet ptptypevK. 
^w^^ijS Si fpvOpoi piv Koi rk TotfSc ciSea' ro Si aktiBi^ 
rfepatriptjat xoxiom oi epu6pol' iJKKrra Si veTJvtai, ol Xn>- 

' Ermcrriu rcxte, on his oim wliiiA dgBifln a Ksl of Ocular 
vonjvcuuvi juilgRieiii, bnXHtmv, Collyriuiu. 

I s 




mSb, ^ •£b{mG^T 
• luiBirtiai &«^ 

ii T$? MT^plfC l^p fw, ■fa o CT A^«r^ TNT 

■ ifimt fr/wrr aj T arap coi ra -*;•- /c XP**^ XflK^r Aptifiltt. 
Tw 7^ -nipoc owe Eire* ^ ^Mv^tfar. r^Si t^ 

^^ £Xm, JKwf a>«t>p4 ^^ rnvoXJft, vvvr nx^ a^ta/ttHr, 
nfnSfM. oXX' f/^^ (^^^ «« t(&. ifr jj M f^UUV, 

nor /uf CK wretXip' ur ftifo^jtM' Krawti riSe, 4 XP***^" 
ylywrrat tdpra.* toSc ^ ^oTeSuva cucXi^ff^xprot. oAi^^pM ^ 
£j T^ iXxta, fff vptK ToZn 0X70^ o^^ry, mi 17 J^ ^ j wt ot > 
py. ovfie^iM' hi <nro tov 2X««oc p^ ovrr atr'ctr<n ^cpifi^,] 
a-fptautt yfravirtai re «tti ^»pitaM»*o%, ma* jQoXeraitra wc 
Mt4 lirp^V' ^^«^« ^ «■ vvrips <? iycor oi/MiTiu pw «^ 

pilkiC. It «MCn>Bg ihm to iU» 

ji^r*. ParaMrtf Ac wndi Ulowed 

TiiiiMiii M||i— inri-'— 1 

ooMnij IobD aaite- 

rilj, tMd* virwnpjifM, Oa tfat 

maimai of iKwon of th« fca«]a 
gtnital orgaiu. Thii, buwrta-, ■•• 
frtJ»Blly BM lb* cwc, u mns tw 
«bfia^ (0 Ml]' oa« wbo hu csr«> 
faOr iMd lb* H^pocmtie inMiM 

cootaiiied is tfa< GfmatJa, 

xpoNiaN DAeaN, biba. bt. 


ovra iXxta,^ irAfi km hrUX>{atv X<r)(ti KopKtviov. Sk\o% imp- 
K(ra<:- "iXxoi itiv ovSa/i.^, SyittK Si o-xX^po«, aripafivo'T 
(wTiTalvei S^ rijy vvriprjy SKjjV, uTelp Koi aKyea Kara ri 
oXAa Sffa t^Xxtf ravra &i (Ifi^tu ri xapKifuy^a KaX 
■XpivM KoX oKefipM- voXXiv Bi ro (\ko^ tov JKeXxturov 
x^tov Kal WTfip, Koi vovoiat, Koi {^iu§, Kak $avar^. 

'E^iffTorai xore t^s iSptji t) vtrrepr) oKri, xal hrl touti 
/tjjpMffi TJfi yvytuKm if^vtf mrunov ^ ^vft^pi), £KK' oiic 
iBeijTiK 4 itfripr), oiSi ayhi'iynK t) «(T(ij. ^SlSov<Tt 
yhp 01 Ofifves, oi irpov roi^ XaySva-i, ^X^'^ '"'}' iareptiv 
iovTt^ KCVfxwSecv* 01 fUf Karik iruOfUva ttpov r^v ia^w X«- 
irroi- oi Bi Kar avj^iva tvOa koi evda vpht tow Xjvyova?' 
oi ik /iaXioTa yfvpa>BeeK, irXaTetv Skio^ ytw^ Xaiiftta. Trdv- 
Te? o5v fui-SiZouffi oTSt, t)v (fw ij varipj} dta<T^. KTtivet 
fiJy ovv Tfl iroXXa (K-TrmaffK ijSf. yir/verat y^p 4vl afi^Kw- 
trfiw, Kol aeitr/iatai fuyaXouTi, Kol ffiai^ T0X91' ijy £e ft)) 
KTatn}, ^ fiOKpov atSt ^oovaiv, opeouaat ri fti) Setjri xal 
Tt&Tjvwam efyia koI ^avKoKSiaai T^v vtrreptjy? Soke'ci Si 
KOT£ Trjt 8(ttX6ij9 tHk v<rriptfi o (rSov inre^icuK \nmv, airov 
vaaBai tov {wn^eof. Sotal yap a! trj^lSt^ /lA- at i-TniWay 
fiivai ^^iTuvo;'' SSt oSk i^ttrrarat pjiv Koi ptvfiaTt, mil 
tvTptaofLp Kal 0tairp tok^, ei^r« iirl T<p XPP'V "Tpoavi^vKW 
ainit). fiv yap nSe eXjorrai fflri, avnKitepd<ra^ riii iicr- 

Tepjfi X""^** aXKa ^v fit) iK0avj} ^ 71*1^;, ■jraKlVOp^oi 

■ri avti cvyii'f>&*} kot( artWftJj, ij vfiiKpov <fo> tfMiyeraf 
vK^tt yip roivt /ii]pioiat ij yvv^. trpoaviirrti Korirb irrri- 
fuov TiJ* varfptv fi-owov ftia^ tm) oux^vos, oXX' av0t^ eHrw 

* Thit clnutc, which hai] puitled lacrini in nailing ffavtaXHaai in* 
•n the former tiliium. ii ext>unK«il «i*acl of tavtaX^ctu, ErDitMins 
from 111* text aliogclher by Ermc- (urther wipfwWM tai nOitwu'^gai. 
rin«. ' The Mxt hen U vndtt grest 

* I hmr« fullovsd Pcllt Hid Er- oblittftttoni to EnneriniL 


hbpi ArnoN rai SHHEura 

Sierat, ^V iff^tpainjrat 17 wjTtpt) 0vfii^at KOK^Stt IXxci 

ArAp Koi X*P^* f^aiij^ irpipa ttam $i(t, fl<TVxft vit^fv/t^yii 
Koi ^tOfUvi} vpoaQev TMcrt vtrripyft futKiyfuiffi.' 

K((f>. i^. Hepi ' ApdpiTiSos Koi 'la^iaSof. 

Swot ftiy aTrdvTtov tS)v apOpojv trovoi r; updptrK' aXKk 
iroSwi' fiiv ■JToSayp^ KoKdo/xfy, iVj^Mi&i Si ta^iaiv, X^'P^ 
yp^v Si ;^«/wi'" iKy -ye fi^f ff x*^'"* S ivifivt rSiv vpoaKaip<oy 
aWit^v o ■jrivo'i, i} Kpv^Stjv Si fuXfnivji voXKov XP^""^ 4 
vowTOi, fvTf ivl vpo^cri afUKpij & vivof xal ^ I'OVffo? 
i^<^&r)' ' eari 8« uTrayrtav ^vW>jffSrjv ruiv vfvptov 1) vaB'r)^ 
f^v av^div TO K€u<hv aitaai dvt^n^' itpXV 8c vevpa ti 
SfOfii rav ap0p<ov, ical OKoaa i^ otrreaiv wi^vKf koi ey 
otrreoiat ^p.ipvv€i. Siovfta Sk lovritov fieya. ov Trayeti fiiv 
yip ffpi^,* oiJS' &y repyr/ t« (j ff\i0p' 'j" 5e ^f tiovritav 
TTOV^, ovSk Prtpov aXfyeei xouSe SvvarciiTfpov, ov aiStjpti 
fftfiiyyoyra, ou SetTfik, oii TnpwaKov fi'^o?, ov timov irvp. 
Kal yap leal -ravra err avaipovvrai ibs pt^ovtav ■KOVtov &Kta' 

* I Dm noi aw&re tliat this wonl 
occura ctiewhcni in kdj medical 
ftalllUr, lUi applied \xtrt. I kiu \>et- 
luoiled, thr.n. (hut ihc projicr rrnil- 
ing ii /mXitj/iain. On Uia nmlHg' 
inatA or rmullic^nl [iliti>[i:ti nf tliu 
uicienb^ ICC pAutr* JPmdiktx, 
8;<L 80c. Kdit. h. id. [ip.iTe— Ml. 
Hie/ worn nipch uteil In nurtrio 
4inaae& Se« Iliid. it, iii. c. 68. etc. 

' I have vcnlnml In riuiil jj in- 
Xfnil of qr. oil HIT ovu uitliarilj) 
•nd lute iiibitmiieil ra-i iii t^aoa 
of Ti, on llip tuithorit<r of i'>merui*i 
but huro iTJoclcd hia ald^raliun uf 
ji^f iiilo jiii, mliicli I lliink ipodln 

Iho )>itJiMiGc i "\fi bave iTcforrcil 
lUv, nliich lini llie aulllorllj' of liio 
Vnlican Mts 

* H/iJE hern Li nucd fn mi nnri«nftl 
tenic. Tlio liienil truitlatioa of iha 

CX|prt*iiiijii wdiilil !«■, "TlHiy on not 
pnintd ■ hair," or "0 hair'».lirMilth," 
Le. lu tliv Bli):liiest def^iec I^ic- 
rina mfun in 'Ilirot^ritiiit, liljtll. xit, 
9, for an exunplo of thb ouic*. 
Sre furllirr LIdilvl ii»d tk'oit'i Lex- 
ICDR. niidcr tbG word. Tlii* ilM|^ 
of it ■ppean vcrj' fornd in ihc pio- 
•ont initMiCK *n<l I mpcct the 
rodiDjt lu ht comtpt. 



iTomK afiutpo^ uir« tov fU^WK' ifv Si oSt itparkg, rj^o^ 
a^&K Xd^^tiroi htOi^owa vHv vdpwr wJivj(pvai St ravro 

Aiririv &i oTpen^ fiiv Xaaai fiovvoi ^Eoi, ioimiaf Si xol 
u*$pvrttW lart Se OK «rof flvfiv TOtiOvSe. to fiiv /ttiprra 
irvtaior atfaia&tftov ifravouK icai Tptovio^, TgSe itai aworor 
•^avvt KeH rpdat. 0X70? -yap rptfj^tia iv oiaB^a^, to Si 
mjKtvb* aTpijxvirTOv Sia to&c iuu ttirovoir to Si apauirt 
tvaia&Tfiht, «a! rpjixvyerat Tpc^/iart. aiX itrei xal tA 
irwcv^ ^ ^^i^vTfi ffe'pftjt. nil aiafffrat t^ r^ Bip/ij}' tt 
ftiv oiauuSift ^ Spmaa atriii Sot, oiov 1} fiaywpa )) XiJdof, ri 
ovfftiiStt tov TTiitrxfivro'i ovk aX/y«*' vvuvhr yip t^v ^injv. 
17I' Sc tt); ifitjivrov 0(pfiTiv SvaKpaahi XdfirfTiu, aui$'jato^ 
fiyvejai TpowiJ. tqvto w ff itamiijK irov«t tj 8(p/itj, tjc 

'Efj^ifi.VTfTOt St i; ap0pirt^ aXXort eV oXXa SpBpa, rdlf 
fiiy e< lariat km t^ iroXX^ t^& ivi/iifivet yvim,* aaaa rt 
fii^Kta, Kore fiucpov, eSre ouSe iwl Ta ofuiepa (^oit^, "Tro&a^ 
TC Koi ^!pa?. ^f 7af> fui^vmv XiifitiTtu fieXiay j^p^at 
TT]v vovvov Swafttymv, ov)( t/repfiaiyet ra opyava' ^r Si 
airj TOM afwcpov ap^ijTai, evr* fvrfit)'; xo! ahMrfrtK ff 

' In Ihu cotDinoii tuliiiuiw, anJ I 
believe in »U Iho USS., ■« fiuii 
■jiioi. which a oh>iti<u>ty Hi fuult, 
U Icul u reganU acccDnutiuii. 
EnavriiiB, ■oci>riliD|tl<r. ilot* not he- 
tliiaic ui expunsc (ho CtTm «lto- 
gciber. Bui to finic I MD W*nO 
obJeMiun. I[ ii thun uplainoil in 
the Lexicon of Uaffchiua: TuiAc, 

i* inffldut ■Dtliority Tur lliawoc^ 
tllhoDgti It U not in comtnon lUb 
Sec olio Liddcl and Scutl'ii Li'xicon, 
uuikr tho term. Thorc arc otbsr 
difieultiei ill the rauBiDiiig put of 
the stntcncc, nbich 1 onQi4 t>riug 
RifKlf to remove hy expunjjing oil 
the (lifflcuic Munla, «n«f tba EX«niiil« 
of Smterim. 



Kvijti^, ^ ipX^. (iiXXore S^ hrl r^ KorvXi; to a>>ffi)fia ^ai- 
vtrat, ai0K k "ftuovrav 17 oa^inr oKiXXst, Ka\ vavra itBXKov 
ioTtv f} ioicqaK iff^iov. dr^p nal ri apffpa &Be mm opjft- 
TfU' Tov iro2os Toi* fiiyav haKrvKof aXfycci, avOt^ rijv iirt» 
trpiaw irripyriir, jj irOTt imipt^ftieSa' eirura « tA KtnKw 
^Kf TO Se ffipvpov i^^Sffce voTa-rov. vpo^aaiv hi aiTt&v~ 
T«u di«iT(ov, 01 /i(v K/>t)^!£a; Katt^ rpifiov, ol Bi fuuep^v 
Vtpioiov oXXo? tk vXtjyriv tj irdTtj/ia- oijScJ? hi ^paa-et rifr 
oticoBtv otaav, Arap mal aicovaaai Totai ■;rair)(ov<rt to utjx- 
i«^ c^ofe avioTW' Sui ToSe ^4 avij«eaTov erpdirij, Srtwtp 
Tpffi dp)^trt OKore offBeveirraTij Arrl ^ voCffOT, 6 Irjrpiv oxfK 
ivuTTaToi' ^v Bi XP^''V fpon/v^, ui'owtto? 17 ftekenj. Twri 
ft^ ow ft TToSwv apapa fiifivet fiea^t ffavuTOV, rtvl W W^- 

TO* €? T^V ToO XdVTO? O-«^W0? Wf(D('o8oV tA VoXXA 8^ OItS 

Twv voBaiv (1 j^tpav ^(fe- oi yap fteytiXa t«, 5f)io ry vovv^ 
■yttpSiv T« Kul TToSui', &Tt Afi^xa 6/io<pvea, i<r^h Kal SaapKa 
ml ^Yy''''<£Tai TOW efw ^vjffof dirarraTa 2« tou fffw ffaX- 
w*o?. aSdi« i7«ctl>v xai yovtr ivl Bi rouri ictnvXat, irtpl- 
<rTpo<f>oc ijSe fterdffaaKt ft varrov fiiiat xai $toptiKO'!.* avi- 
OTov eit oaov epirei to tcaicov. ffVovBvXoi a\yiova-i (id)(e6i 
Tc Kol au)(€vov, Koi ft &/cpov ipeiBti -rov Upou oarlov koa 
^fiirdvrtov tov ffov^otvo<; Kal (Sip ij tKotrrov oSv^ij.* arip 

* Though the text be not In <iiiito 
• tUiAeUnj stuto. 1 prcrer leaving 
it M it MMidf, rnthor iJiaii iiilnpi the 
tbubing olleruian) mulo in il by 
Bnncrins. Ho ntuh the iiiit clamo 
llioi: Jiri a Toim icurirX|rsi iripi- 
BTpnfoC ijfi) /ifrrijjairif (( vwrou 
/luiif lal Oiiipiiicai;. VVigmi merely 
pR>|iiiHa to rviul *'(/>Inrpo^oi i)^t. 

■ The following most extriwirili- 
Itftfj rtadins i^rurs in all Ihc MSS^: 
Kfri ivifnavrw rt e fiovc^ t*vQ^, rai 
q (^17 (ii-i. Hurl.) hattrou iZiyii; 

whicli words, in the old troniUiion 
of CusauB, uro miilerDii liicnJIj, — 
"Bimidqnn omnium boa, minui, cl 
pr«|iriu» ciijinquB dolor." Whiit 
ran iin ox or nii >uu Ii&tu to du wilh 
an Dtuck ofSohmticaf 

Ftirtu lintel/ llie Askew MS. be- 
longing tn the McitlnJ Soclcly of 
Ifliidon. biu guidtd tut! to wliM I 
du not liiMittitu tu jiroiiuiiiicR the 
true rcodliip;. In the mnr^n of this 
MS, oiipotilc llie corruptnl ounlA, 
itaiul the following chamclrn, *p< 



Kporai^v fi,v€^' vt^pSiv urn KvrrtiK t} htaZvj^. & rou $ii- 
futrot, evl iraat irdvyiii ^Ivav, xal wro. ical j(tC\fa, vdvnf 

tiBooi fiiv 5 rt trovUi, iSfixwe ray pa^Stv rit ttita, \o^v, 
tvOfiijv, hriKoftatov, intiata re koX Tpoana' t'r)^v ci riiv 
oivyr)y Koi Toun ifriouri ifnrcTrapfi^yrjv. rraaav fop wnieav 


paronlly in the handnTiiing of Ihit 

t o 

Iff ftov^iiv . 

That ii to Mj< Ivw£. fStivfi&vi>t, 
How, thkt ** jialn of (lie grain ' li a 
conitant MWnilant o( Si'liiiilicn, 
cicr? pnullot pbjiidan i« veil 
■waioi and. in fuel, ihii il oac o( 
the aynipifiinii ciirimpraifrl In the 
bent dcwnptiona of Ihc diiouc fur* 
Dithed hy tho nnt^lcnt aulhuHtiN. 
For cxKmpIr, CbIIu* Aumlionna hu 
the fullowing wordi in hit chnpteT 
on Srhiuiira mil liimilinco: "Et 
prima, in icrKbra dolor icntitar, 
duliioL' putia auin iXniVtmiiH loca 
n^i)ii^ rid nK'djjtiii rint<*iii» nr tupf' 
Tint aj tai/unt,' clc, Tnrd_ Pma. v, I . 
lu like maimi^r, A^iius liwrribes iho 
tymi'Kimi aa followtt xnXXiii^ Ji q 
ili-yn Ifiiiiirai lari rob /Jotijjivof 

Tiic ivirroXiiit Svfvvfiiuy iTrififtu^ 
Ex. MS. in Bibl. IUkII. Cod. Caiioii. 
Gnrc. clx. 

In • word, the «ub«tltntli>n of 
roB fiovpumc fur rt i flovt. ivo(, 
U to nalural, thai I fDcl pcr*nidcd 
VO raswinalite rriiic will dpmiir 
■o Aftopl IL Some other diglit 
chnngei. hovcTcr, aro re([uiiiil« in 
thin pHS'aci'- wliicli iiiitE'it tf *tC<xttA 
in iwo or tlircn dill'urent warik I 
■objoin n Toiv of mj una ntuimpta, 
■ome of which lutiy pcrhapt be 

thought >u[i«rior to the roadin^ I 
hare adopted: — 

1. tal ianxavTUV rev ^ou|5wva{ 
[r6irwv^ *iii ^ tSitf Stnarvv 6tfiyii, 

a, sal KvurivTwr r> ffm-fiuvot 

3. tal ti'fTntToe TBV Jlow/JiJi'oc 

<. iral Ic IV'"' '■'>' '"*' /^"vfltM- 
voc fill f^'~ff 'MfTrov 6ivnj, 

Every one of Uieaa apocimona Of 
an cmendod text biingi out an 
appropriate meiiiiiiii; -, iiiiiii<;Ii'. tlint 
" there I* a general pain of lh« 
whole inguinnl region, and a pur- 
tirular pHin of every part lituatud 

I hare now to ilato briefiy the 
trucnilaiinna of iht* paawiKa pro- 
potcd by preceding edilon and 
com meiiiaKira. Wigaii. whilu )io 
retain* the vitiated reading of tho 
USS., nil'l) in II nvtv ni (lie eudt 
" ('ert* Icgcndum i/ioB jriivut. Ita 
elcganter f cbemcntia doloris dcscri- 
bitur, Vrrftirii: it thJort torgimtlur, 
91/i (HNHu irqvi axHpart praripitur, 
tl alium tliitm iatuprr mtiuKl, ifui 
Mijulii tint It proptiai fidetur' 
Pelit'i eniundalion in icry nearly 
the lame: ttai li-fnr^yrwv rt a/aoO 

It i» ailopidil by Kmirrinn with 
a alight change; aoi Ix-iivavriur 
XI ^1,011 tcivoi mJ iiif iciiarov 


^vftfioX^y vifnercu ^ vavatK, oicwf Tniin ^ X'H'^ apdpov. 
ftr/rofnu hi toiv ap$pair mm ^(WMfM^tcv' r^ vpStra ftiy 
oiuHov airoirrdatvt tayovat' irnl Si fiaXXof irvHvou^eu^ «ai 
n^jniiivov TOW irfpou atnjvin at ti^iate^- t«X«? Si vitpo* 
OTfppoi, XcvKoi ^yunaiTTai' ^ Si way Synot ofuicpol oHoiw 
loifOoi Kai /i^ver vypiv SJ vaxi>, Xetuco*', ^oKa^uSe^. xol 
Tip TOM wainbv ^ yovaot "^vjfp^ ^xv; p^'Xa{a' Sotm ik 
64pii,7}i ^ '^fiov Itrxuy Sio^opiTv. Koi 7<ip rw* t&v a3 
^cXftrroiv ^Sovij'" <^i Si avSdvft fti-t]V ftiv tuTiijv rifv 
ffi^urov ^v^iv ififieveu, /uijv S( ical va&tjv' aXX' Ifv fiev 
r^toK iiriStojj Koi 0ipfnj ^vj, efi^v^tot ypw; xol roiat 
ripirerai. omfid^ovat Si Bipfisfv tiJi^ tfv Si a irwoi ir 
Teic* VfCpouTi. tXato nlfarrj, ^vfivcTrraueti Si to SpSpov aStp- 
fiov, fi^Si tTTOiSei}, ^^v)(pi}v T^vSe ^iijv ifipfvat, i^' ij* 
Bfpfi&v ^apfidjetov et dvaxXrifftv 0(pp,j}i y^eot. j^pi} Si ToSe 
urdWi r&v itdpra SpifUmv, ^pfiotriri ykp ra re fv^ireirrw- 
Kora fiipta «V oyicov f]yape, Koi T^f taio Bepft/r/y « av6x>ij^ 
otv ^ar/e' fCre tw ^^vj(paiv jpfoe, TritTTK' roun yAp 
aiiriotat av rk avra ^vft<f>fpff tau yip 5 cote ^vqveyice, 
TovT iffXat^^ aXKoTf (u? Si ptto? eiVelc, ^epftijs" evl t§ 

inSaypf) oil ptt^iax; yifverm, SioXeiWei 5^ faS" otti} j(p6yov 
fiaicpov, X*TrT^ y<ip- teaX t)Xu/t7r«wf tvOfqvt ^roStvypoi irr 
iviat SpOfioy. 

MXA.' avSpet ph' TraQeiv pijirtpoi, yvyam&v Si (Ka^ppirf 
pmr ywtuicei Si I'lpattnepov pev iiySptiy, x«^f'i'«T(pov Si. 

* Tbe common reiiliii^, mil jAp 
otffi Twv 4i^ ^tXvKriw {jfot^, hftd 
eridenily no mnuiing. IVtii and 
Btmerinii iry tlioir hnnilx kI conj^io- 
inrnl cmcndBliuiu, tiai In iqch > 
■IjU M I (--HniKit apjimvci. Iviil 
la gg w M the following u ■ probable 
iubaliluta for ihe Titiucd text; xai 

yip dVi tiSv OipfiiSv, ilrt U i^vtrt- 
n»v iifovi). Knnerinn holiily »"l»- 
■lilulci ihe following wntciicc for 
Iht- w«ril9 he tx)iiin;;«E; itt yAp ei 
plf rira tovriutv favjovm, rvltn 

ii ai is Tutr dUMin fitAimrmv 


tA yap /u} iv i$tl /ujSi ouulor, >}v inri arafiof; Mpftnrcw 

miXXa fiiv a-TTo ^tcoh- ifwre xa! rptifKorra. Qatraoy &i ml 
ffpd&tov ix Ttji iMaa-Tou ^uviK «al Sto/nfc. Scirol /i^ «Ctr 

Ttffff ^aM7tat, aKifTjvn}, avoairit), Biifrtt^, aypinrvit}' ry H 
iva»fi\0<ovi, TovTo fUf, oxoK « 0avdrou vt<^arf6rt^, amot 
rir /S&i', aitpoT^, airXoi, tu0VfUH, BoipoSoKO*. xtd ^ -njv 
Euu-rof a^poi' Toi/TO &i ok f* Savdrov nv0K iao^itvoi ahtiv 
yptovrat Tp irapoviTtj ^a^.^ uTriaiety^ 'nwXXatm «v vSpanra 
^ iroS<i7p7, £XKoT4 Si 4^ ii^ftA' Koi rwie u^uktov ^ 

Ka* tSit) Kid ypot^ icaX ptyWu xai ^Swrjj' ara^ ou5^ oXX^ 
T^) i««Xa, ovrr TO nra&o^ 7rA0ei, ovre to t^aiov £my ^Xeifta-t 
fitv ye TO ftjpiov leai icapra Siaif>ipov' ifpamtrTa fuv ye 
lUytTTOV KaX TrdxiQToy (teyidfi p.hf oieiaov ay ^mov or' 
£XX^ ^^ TTVfrfj&ov dvaStiti^ f'^V^' vd-}(ia7av hi it irXevva 
{wa v<ij(taTa, el wapaM^Xa fwdetV- ^T<tp oiSi m^fy 
Kapra ry ixeXov ypotijv fUv iti\avts KaraxcpioK &TrayT€v 
Koi 8(' oXou Toy o-HTfivtOT. i'-mro? fUv ye aXXof piy Xeuinmi- 
riK, OKta^ ol Spi]ixtt! 'Pijiroti' <5XXot S^ vo&apyot, Skok 
MfvAcw wiiBapyot.^ ol Se ^v0oi, 5*w! fmiTav «ai wew^ 
#mi-ra'' (IXXot £J *tu(iv*«i' iTrirp eiadfttvtK vaptX^aro 

' Enncrina TcnCarci l« introilnfo * Iliad, xxili.a&i. 

evt hrhtw aiOici ftad It •eenU to 'liiml. xi.RBO. 

he. rt^iuErril, ' lliitil. xx. 33(, 


nEPi ArriON kai siimf.ion 

yify y^r If/irerit xol ^fa ^ipSera*. txA^arrtv &i /tewet, 
{!>^i2<Cf ri^K 'XP"*^"' ■'virrl Si km Ad^^* IjkXm' lii^ Si, 
ledpfiva likv fttXatrTara Kttrijfttiv leai rpi<mva &n}fut, afSf}- 
Xfl Ttfy fiop^ijy, iir otr^'ri fffwcp^, w Saxiety Trjr Ke^dXtjv 
hri roun &fxoKn t^rtiv xai &£( owe ficStiXov. Srra yAp 
ftejaXa, wXaria, vrtpir/^Sta, pia^ nXttiSmv rt «ai ariprcv, 

fioTC Mp&^^rtU TOV aVX^ ToZo'l Affl, 2i«W? V^ Xcu^Ctf'l. 

Kepara Si 0tiv)ta StdXjevfot o iXe^v evl ptXayrdf^' p£Tt^' 
TtpM T6Ze o£ovra4 KiKkt^KovaC roSe povva XcuKorara, 
2xdrt aiiS<*in oXAov it ot'So' at^^ Xeuwot) ^Imov- mu Ta& ov^ 
vnip pirwTra xol lepvra^v^, M««f rouT't Kipaa^opotm if 
^1/17* (iXXd jKrrd rripa icvd T^f a>-w Ttvi^ei', UpGut piy «t to 
■KpiaStv av Kapra' oXXd oi-M aputpw ri tra/i^X'i' &nw( 
SoTvaataffai it rov opBiov ivfli], KM apaa^M cEj^^k £>* Tolo't 
oSairat ffi/MM;. peyaXa Si t^ KtpaTa, ft^icm pi* oKoaov 
iffvttjf 01 fU<Tot. oXXot £e toXXw t* toitvwv pi^w 
pia^t Siv\»v vpo0<i>J)* K m^' ? «w«» yraSin airi tow 
3fe/X«w /uMff)7>', iiWTCoi', tTKoXiiiv, ipirenaSHi. Sowl 5^ 
firl TO Hxpov rifv vpoffoXSfi taat imp^ate^ xal tiaSe 
Stapntpei piatfu rov irvtvpovoi irirptjvfv ^ ^vvvf, Smu 
airKhn' Silvia- ■^pifrtu Si to ^^v iv ivairvoiff, Skuc pwl 
r§Se T§ ervpirtyv irap ical 3£*pffi t^Sc mu KtoffaviTiii re 7^ 
XiJ^MTO, Ofctfrc de'Xet, tj trpoffoXif aptfuXapfiuvei je mu 
tvyti Kparaiwt, icai oit* av Tt? at^eXono airreou ^itj, ^k pii 
Kpiaauv aXAov eX^'^?* ara^ xoi irot'ijv e? vopijv r^Se 
pM^rrfvtt, oi/Se rp ffTopari jcot TOttn apuepouri iiSouoi 
Hirffuv oapicav ^. ttoScv 7^^ e^/«7i(«v vvfpdfv r^; 7^ 
iroXXov TO 2;i^f ayrj(oyT£v- arrap Koi vfuKpot; av^r/f Swut 
«X«{a. of'KoiA' Suvaroi t^ aropafi tw t^c t^k viptc&M. 
vt/ri (tai 1} Twv Ktparwv lepit rov trrvparo'i eie^wiK €*pye* r^ 
troCiji iirrdrOat rh oropa- roir/apovv aviparai r^ wpo^oX^ 
^6pT0V p4yar hr€iTa, Sxwi apaWoSenipi, r^Se ^wS^vm 

XPONION nA(MlN, Bin-V. V. 


Tift^ xoX/owrt. hthipov&n yip tow f^w TJJfie ^itnttrau 
etrip oiSi vidy airh Xlttvrj^ ff trtrrojiov t^ <rTO/iaTi 0ifMV 
^&VT))'/itp airiij. aWi ^y 2ii/^, ivrWtrcu fihf ry PSart 
T^ vpa0o<rKSvt &Kp^v rijv ptva- hrttra Sieai avoTrvi^ay, 
<U-ri TOW ^ipvi, TW vhaTot 'SXttti voKKov hri)v Si irXf'jay, 
Sictot KK0a>ya, rifv ptva, r^ vroftari vora/jifiSov fyx^**' (Its 
oSdif eXiut Koi av6K iyx^H, je r' &v irKfyr^ oiaet i^priSoi 
ytjiv T^v ywrrtpa. ptvbv Tpijj^in' ical wa^WToc. i>X^«Sfos 
pwyfMVt Xa^ovra, o^XwrtK hnn^Ktat, iTtpat o-ro/id? *ro^- 
Xw, eviKaptrCovi, oXXa? 5< X4>^t, ffoBeia^ Kapna, XietKov to 
fv/iTrav rptvoXip vti^' -rpij^ Si aWotvt fj.iv ^fiOM't ^i^t 
^c «eal ;^euTa(' ^X^^trt Si toEc ^oti o ^ot/v' fxvpiai Si 
leal a>J\n* TrapaXXar^al vpov rH oXXd fpa khi yap oirlata 
Kori icari yovv /cdfitnei, &iea><: avOptairos, xal fia^ov irpov 
T^at fiair)(a\r)at it^X^* okok yuydiitw oXX oStc ftoi y(pio^ 
Tai'Ov ofi^l tov ^«m)v ypd^eir, vXi/v oiotroy t^aXXov t( xai 
^ coDo'civ o f\eif>a<i nal oKttva tKiSa if !£&] tqv voaxiCiyrot 
Fff^t Tp Tou {['^u ipt/jj' iKucK-rjvicov Si Kcii \4ovTa to irdSo^, 
ToO hruTimvtov T^t o/toionpTO? tiv^Kev, ijy vartpov ^paatt' 
i)S^ <raTvpt>jffiv Twr t* ^^wf toS ipvff^pariK itai riyt *? 
ffwovavtjv opfirfi dayjhvu rt leal avaiaj(yyTov. aritp wol 
i7pac\«iov oTt toOSe fti^ov ovSiv ovSi ahjuptiintpav. 

Meya /i^ ow to vdStK ^ SCvafttV /crdvat ytip irtiyruy 
ftaXXov St/voTwraTov arip tfol iZitj^cu al<r)(pov xaX SeifM- 
TwScv xd Trdvra (it /X^^a« to Btjplov iW dl^vxros ^ 

■ I luTO fcore idopted ui emenda- 
tkm ragge*ted bj' Ikriianl, nnd ic- 
oeivcd into the text bv Enncriiu. 
In Uio HSS. it rtanila iliiui: /mra 
iiJMr Tf pml fiaXAov Ji 'IP*! 

Oqn voXXAv r^ nuXip. Nu nieiia- 

inB can bo dwra from ihaM 


* Tli« reading In the 13S9. m 
rfuvoloi-iifi. a noid of no m«aalllg. 
That which wp hare givoa wb» mig- 
gesl«d hj Wigan and u adopted bj 

nepi AiTtnN rai ziiuF.iax 

pwffOf riKTertu f^ ffartHrtw hr mV/i;. ^lifi? ivri toS 
ifU^VTov fftpfiou «v iMKpa ft, i) xoi WTOf. mt A* Ti /i^yti 
jfC^fMi, eJre to C&up T/}€nvr(U e? X'^^"* V ""^ ■)(aKai^, ^ 
Kpu'oToXXof, fj vwfuv. 5& ^irri ij fw^ dovarov km tow 
va$«K alrit), arip ovS^ ^'HC^* nxfiop ovSh' ^ ^pX^ ^^ 
vovaov fiiya- oiSe Tt fevoTrpor^ xomv tov ay0ptoirov iirf 
<ltoiTy- ovSe Ctrl Toim iirtiroX^s tou ffK^veoi ^atra'^criu, 
W9 1'&w Tc ev^uf icai ap\ofie*tf aprt^oi. oXXA roMn airkdf 
j(yatat, fn^>ta\eviTav oitoK ai&t]\ov vvp, tfitj iv^crat, jva! t<m> 

^V iutttJt «iro (TKiMrtT^ tow vpoffanrou apj^ofutw ti7\<^*i^ 
vxip Koxw. fitTt^eripourt Bi avi tov ixpov ayK»vii<t, yiiw- 
KOTOS, itovBv\uv x^P^*" '■'* ""^ voivv. TpSe km <WXvi« 
<rro( 01 av&pwmt, ori v(p o t^Tpbt ou vpm rat afi\iv 
tA-! ac^fffvermirai Toit trddfot Tg Te;^vi; xpierat, paOvfiiji 
Moi arfvoiy rotv Kafi.v6vrt»r t^ ^fDf>opij<!. vatdif^ fiiv yap, 
«( avo <rxehiov ■Kpo^atrto^, i/jnttKioi, ^i^uh, rijv KoiKttfv 
iiti^poi- ToBf Ktu TOiai tjytaiyovat Ktipra ovk arjdta' iVl 
a TJ7(T( av^'/ffeoi tov irddtm avatrvoi) fipuftai&ri^ iit Tifi 
{y&ov iuKf^op>iv ToO wevftarw. rotd&€ o d'jp, ^ rt toiv ffu- 
0ev alriip' tirj^v Soieief ovpa trayia, "Kevicii, OoXipi, oloy 
irtro^iTfioV' <nro astUiv wfiMv tf xol awcimtv rj ava£o<n^, 
KaX ovre rovritav eVri ciSa$t)ais rt Kal fttXe-n/. ouB^ yip 
ovS' ^y fiti vh^VMi yiTfaiaKovav ofioit} dirf-jrii) Koiiri^i^ 
ijBc ciV ^^fMjtmov yAp f/ oucewy, ou ^vrtjSij^ aireouTt q ire- 
^vf, dtvi&offK &i f>t]iBiii, Sxmt iv Ti)V ioivT^uv rpoifnjv off 
irieyStj*' ^Komo^ tov -trdBeot. Bih To6e iiri^poi tjjv Kortt 
«ojXuu" o)(6oi erai'iaTdp.fvoi, oXXot Trap aXX«vs ^vt^e^ 
fifiv ovhiicia, ira^i^ Be leai Tpi/^ef?, tal fit fieffrjyv r&v 
S)(fav (ppijuerat, 5k»? tw pivbv eXc'^o^J fvpelat Si 0Xfy3(v 

' Tbo common luwKng, Ipptira. tar It wu «aggeat«) by Petit and 
hw no DMUibcig. Tho fiibtiltuw mlojiKd hy Ermeriiui. 



OMC if wXXof Sj mai fS^ ^4^Vt "^ varrot fk Jffov 
S\Sov eyeipofUrov Tpi'j^e? iy ftAf Tp vavri wpemdr^aKowt^ 
, y^pal^ ftT/poiat, icy^fi^rTi, av6ii, ^^y, ftviiotrrt apeuai, ^e- 
Sfai Si nai ^i rij KttfiaX^ iciittw to Si /*aXXav -Trpompot 
iroXMi lud ^aKaxpiaaif dBpoi}, ovk tlv fuutpoy oe if^q nd 
yivtKV yfrtKa- el Si ical (TrtfUfimif* vavptd rpi^v, airpeTr^ 
oreptu rmn tiiroiypfUpnr Sipfta rijc Kt^diSfi KortppwyK en 
'fia$or pvTtStv Si ev)(vai, ffaOaai, vptixeuw S)(^oi ii to 
' wpoatinrov tncXrjpoi, ifew SWtne fiev « Kopv^fiv Xcuroi* 
muaSioTfpot Se rip' ^aar a^uyiioi aiuKpoi, ffap^, rw 
dpoi, oitms Si' IKvo^fiiXK nvtvpcvof ^X^fi Kpora^nov iitijp- 
pivtu, Moi tnro t^« yXaia<rt}r KoiXtat ^oXuficet. 7\«u(Tff« 
j^aXa^iSeat I6v0oiai TptjjffM' oiiK cI£divijtov xal to ^vp-trav 
ffKqvtn Ifivkftov TotAvSe tftp^tvai. itak fip Koi rwrt koko- 
X^fLOiat Upfioioi tA Kp^ ^yoXa^T? iarl ip^TrXta' f/v Si 
iroXX^v alpTfTal t* ttvi twv eySofftv, ^ iraBi} luu itri Tttivi 
&Kpowi ^tyifTtu, Xttj^fft^ eirl Toitrt OKpoici Eoim/XoKn, 
ffovvaat KVTjapM, km riov Kvtfap^ &vroynu p^ff i)Saviiv 
afrtrur}(tt Si i Xtt^r luu fwaar Kom iv KvicKip- iptvSn H 
xai ptfiKa. ^v trfK^ oil ttdpra i*fyaX^- orrUi aj(Xu(t£ie^, 
j^aXjaiSefi- o^piV^ irpo(9\7T*}, vaj^fuu, ^(Xul, 0pWov<Tiu 
KOTu, p,(ao^pwav ^vyr/yph/vv oj^cu&e^' ■jfp&fia TrtXiSvov 1} 
lUXav. ivtaicvnov o!v fU^/a tXteera* xoXiVrcif ovac, OKmt 
Tof? 0vfiOVfi(vov{, 4 Xeovai' Sti roSe xai Xtovrtoir icue\^ 
ffiterat. rov^apovf ov X4ovai ovBi eXd^vri p^uvov, liXXa icol 
yiwcrt ^oji aToKavTOi; wrwia.* ^«, <rvv Syimiai fUKatri, oicpf 
0«£m;, jjeiX^wv Trpo^oXjf -Ka^ttTi- to hi icaTm ir«X(Svor 
(Kpive^' iSovrti oi XfVKoi pxv, Sotiovrei Si iiwo piXavov^ 
Srra ipv$pi, fKXayifrra, KfKX&tTpiva, fKe<j>avTa)Sta, uki 

■ niad. ^L 4SB, 


hepi aitiun kai shmeion 

iwatif fi^'Y^Bov Ta^W lU^ov toS l^wriSeiK' tX/cea ^i T^ffi 
fiaatat Tmv wnav, tj^&ptK pwrtv, lertjafuoiiM' f>v&ol ri vaf 
vinjvtK l>vTiai Tprixti!}<Tf arUtp Koi h-rofiai fiaSeiat, iKotoif 
aSXaxt^i fUKav€^ twc (ttvS)V. hiit tovto koI 6 tki^^ tow 
vdO&K Toiii-o^- lj(viay *fo! mtpvinv fiia^t rmv ftiaav rStv 
SoxrvXaiv M^*^' ^*' ^ ^^ ftoXXof oS^ t^ xiMwr, IXjoo- 
See? To£^ Jf^^dotf, /(ijXdn-, T^ve^v, &um'\Mi', Tovarwv, mi- 
KoS/ta Hat avaXOia ra IXicea. S>iXa yip ^' oKkouri i^avi- 
ararai, iv aSXotoi oXXa wptjuveraL. ^ij Kork koI tw fur 
\itav vpoa,iTo6v^ic€i tou avSpdrtrav a)(pt iinrrmaun, pK, 
idicTuXoi, TTD^eVi atSout mm ^Xat y^tpev. ovSe yap 0ava- 
ToT T^ xaKov tit avaK\ayT)v filoii ataypov lan aXyitoy S(t- 
ywv vptxTBtv 17 ^ piXia SutTp,i)&!jvtu iw SvOpomor oXXA 
pMxpo^iav e'oTt, oxav i\i<f>a'i to {'^k. ^>- S^ ko* aXytK 
apritas ^ riitv ptSiwv, ttoXXoc n (-Triirnvru ^apCrepov, 
JtXKi! luu aXX^ vXavevpevotr animv Spt^n o&k ayevyii<i, 
&tn>t<K <} ytvaK, oi£i repirvw f) i&aiBi] icai r/ irotrK' airav- 
Twv Si vw ay$ii%ovo^, pXiTfK, arpo^ti), iiriBvpiri XuffffwSije" 
tatvoi ovTopaToi, fifXewv (Kaarw iSiji ^apela, Koi tov av- 
$pwov ay$ku xol tA vfiucph fiiXea' drAp xal ri vApa 
irpo'i iwovTa a^Berai, oi \ovTpoiui ripirtTM ovk oKowi^t 
oi Tpo<f>$, oiiic diTiT{ri, oil kiitjo-i, ovk ijptpl^. va<n yap 
i^irnjKev 17 vovaot;. iJsri'o? Xemot, aypi/irviii<t KOKiwv i^v- 
Tooiff hvoTTVoia Koprep^' irvvyfs W ciw' drppv^^. m&e yavv 
rwli KOjiinpe^av tov ffiov, vr^perov xmcv tfi 6&ira,rw 

TotowffSe ovv iiyxofi tiV ovk hv ^vyoi f) tiV ovk &v ixTpa- 
TTili}. Kijv wios, 7^ irarijp eg, k^k xatrlyyiiTfH ti/j^ ; Seo? km 
aptfil peTahQffKK tow kokov. ttoXXoI yow err' epJUii^i Koi 
«V Spta Toint ^tXTOTov? i^Oevav, ol p^ es j(fi6vov eirap^- 
yovre^ r^ y^p^, ol Si ^Kwrra, w? a^tv; i6i\ovrev (K0avav, 
'hiyiK 8« W Twv eV ip^pirfi &^trfp4vn>v rit i^pfrvuaVTa 

XPONinS UAOllN, BIB.i. S. 


ix T^ 7^9 S)(iv tSatv, wir' mrafyiayi to5 \*ftov r/ t» ird0ei 
ay6(a0^, w? apul'^aiadai to icaimv kok^, t^Mkros' ivi^xir/e 
Tov e)(u>i, icai w -irpiia&ev eriKevrrioe irpiV ^ vavra at/T^ 
ttaaaTnjvai Kal oTrturr^vat ra fU\ea~ aWov ti IBiiv S\iv e& 
vi0ar y\t.vKto<i kfnrvaavra, viovra re tov yKfUKOK ei? 
Kopov aTTo^vaai, ttoXKov &i icat tdu tov cwiKj(tlv TfS 
7X«j«€i' ejrei S^ averrviyr} To Orjpiov iv Tp 7\«u«(, ^^I'Sok 
jtai TToXXoi' Tofl y\xvKeiK Tttav to*" ai'^pwiroi', ((■7roXXa7<ji' 
TOV y9i'ov «al toi) wa^eoij Stfij/teMOV (iv &! « Kopav f)Kf xo!. 
ftidi}v, iKfiro fi^ )(apMt ri TrpSira OKbK u-rroBv^aKoiv rrrei 
£ij eK Tou Kapou ical TiJ* ftiSf]i i^iyyptTO, -afptippvijaav fihf 
Ti n-pura ot* xo/ui<, ft-t W ^ktvXoI tc <cal ipwjfts- ef^ 
Si irfptrer^Keiaav travra. eirei Bi ert iv avipftart. !j Suva- 
fUi i}v, iierfpoTrXda-reev at6tt, qkok iie 'yev^rifi, tov av0ptt>ttov 
f{ ^vat-i' i^etipe^ fiev aWai KOf/at itaX owya^ viow leal 
adpKa KadapTfv, km e^fSv fiiv t^ vaXawv fnvov, uk 'fipa^ 
ifjrwTt^ ivaveK\i}9t} Si i^ ^vfut ^toij^, oxws' oXXof ayOpanro^, 
(S& fiev out- 6 ftvOtK, oil xdpTa fiiv arpfniy;, oil •jrayj^v £J 
&7rtaT0^. KaKov yip kok^ ^\a^6i}veu vurritv. ttjv ipwrtv 
Si ^l T^ e'dvTt fiuTTvpw avaituaai toc acflpowroi', ovk aviO' 







Bipa^tia ^pivirtic£/v »,,,,,. a'. 

Oipariia AitOapyuwv p'. 

Qtpamia Mapaa/iov y'. 

OipaKtia 'A*oirXi|tii|c ....... J', 

Qtpamia wapoiimnoS 'ETtXqmcsv . . . . ('. 

Qiparila Tirdroo t'. 

Otpaxila Svrafx^S {'. 

Oipamia Tiir Kara T^ KMivila Ta9uv . • v'- 

Qtparila nitv card ri(f ^piryya XoifiunJk' iraOwv. . 0. 

QipariSa JlXtvpinfoc >'- 





fiiv &v iv irvperaf Sfpavfi^ yOyy^at /card re Tigv rovntr 
Hia^pijv, Kai Kara r^v ro>y vocrrffLilrav tB^v, km ti/i' iv 
ovTotf rouaXiijVt rovr^r ta v\tia iv rwt an^'i ttv/XtwI' 
XofiouTt XcXefcTOt' oxiaa ti ^vv wprroiat o^ta ylyvertu 
vaSea, OKOioy »} ^pmnv, ^ avevffe wperuy, itcoiov diro- 
irXtjf/ij, ifttfil TwcSe fioOvov ri Hiefa ifipaaxo' w hi fti} Sia- 
lioprdvtiv, fitjSi nuKpijyop^ftv, erepa (v irepoun fpai^vra. 

Kf^. a . Qfptnreta ^PpeviTucoiv, 

KtertucvcXiaSai j^i) rov coo-eovTa ei- oXk^ eiiiierptp, euxp^tfi, 
^(iftaiftti niv iv tiXfj, 6ip€0i Si €y ^vj^ct vorep^- eiipot Si 
Koi ^dtvo'mopov vpa^ riv w/kk TeKfiaiptaBat. hretra ^av- 
pfiVi' uyfiy KfKfvtiV Koi aOror voa4oyra koI toi^ ivl ritv 
OMcif^ Svayrw ofinjxow yip <^hi ^ro^ov KoBatrroiievot 


^peyiTiKoi' dritp Into r&vSe fuiiyovTat. jolyoi Xtioi,, iitaS/^, 
tii]^ i/TTfpiirxovTev, fii)hi Sj^ok ^ij8s ypa^^at fvieovfioi' 
iptdiariKw yap roix^ypa^i'^. *«» y^p vpo tAv o<l>$aXp«}V 
afi^Kupiouffi^ Ttvtt \^(vSia ivSaXfmra, Hal ri fii} i^ta^yra 
aft^<poaiaf w inr€ptii)(oyra- lettl iraaa irpn^aiv irfuiiri 
irpaKXTjai'! j^etpaw t^oprp. lOJ.vt}'; fi^Kov Kal ttX/ito^ crv/i- 
fterpay, ok ft^Te ^tjarpi^evBcu ev t^ "irXaTeip, ffjTt awo 
T^ OTTt^ imrvirretv xotTi;?. cv ^XoLVi To^t OTpatfLOVif 
at ii^i KpOKvhil^tv inrop,vi}aK &f. arap ^Bi iv fiaiXBaxoifft, 
itrrtpy}}^ yap Tolm vtvpotci ^ aKXtjpf) xoirtj. ov)( ijmara 
hi ruv aXKojv roitrt ^pevnutotai, to. vevpa voveei, fta\a yap 
Toi airmyrat t^eviTiKoi. eiao&ot rwv ^<Xt<£ti»»" nv0oi icai 
\a\ti} fii) OvficSaiceli' wai^a yap fii0viiifa0ai Jipft, ^uiXio^a 
TOtfft « opyifv ') irapa<^op>y KardKXKTK ») <•' ^oipip, 7 iv ^utI 
vpoi TO v6ijt)fi.a TeKpaprir]. i)v yap vpo<t rijv avyijv aypial- 
vtovt, Kiti opimffi rii fit] Svra, ical ra fii) vvtovra ^rrd^tovrat, 
tj avff hripwv frepa ytyvmaiuaat, f) ^eva iVSaX/Mtra irpo- 
^aXKeavrat, koI to fwoXoi' t^v airpiv ^ tA re atVy^ i^ir- 
Twvrai, ^h^ov aipeea9at xpij- f)v Be fit), rouvartlov.'' irfa- 
6hv 8P TTpov airft)v atotfipoveeiv re icai wpijiiveirSai jrjv ira- 
paipopt'jv. danlti y,i) jiaKprf avria hi xjyporepa Koi ^payy- 
Tf pa Koi ffwejftf. iMtiK^fiara yap ffvfiov a-nia- evKaipitj Si 

' Ermi'riii* ventures to siiliBlilnln 
tritfifaiyevBi for this woicl, for no 
Other triuon but bccniiKi: hi- rntH-iija 
ll niiirr tiiilahlo to the pnasagc ihun 
the one in the text. Our aiithur 
Iiu til ricn HipiKKTttt. Pitigmisl. 4. 

• Ermeri no. follow ing in thcwnkc 
of Wlgan, tnpprcuu. flril, the claimc 
iiai tpiuHTi tA fi'/^ ivra \ i\ml^ pfcduil, 
f^ lU^' iripv* tnim yiyvu&tutn^ as 
Wlnit lavtv gliwi'ii oil tlic rliiiihJi 
connoclml with them. I must hij*. 
dooiiltdiv, lliat 1 I'Bnnot ap{irorc of 

Ench editorinl prnpiii'c.ii. If tho 
works or ihu Bucicnl authoritici aio 
to lie thus nlO(^i(i^^I ngreeBbl)' to tlio 
tmli's and caprinu of mnlrm edi- 
tors, wc thnll b)'-and-hvo lie oi a 
loM to know wlmt in niitiifiit mid 
whni modem, in work* rBpiiwjd to 
be of oldi^ij dale. Aiiil. mun.t>Ter, 
ftttlii>u(;h the clftiihCJi ill <|iic4lii)U 
tnay not bo indlcpen&abla to thn 
mcuiiini:. I cniinot but think thnl 
ihcy (;irc fttrct to tht Other cluuKS 
in thia puMge. 




if rfja* iwaricart a/t^if, Kai wvperou xal vopa^p^. ^r 

£(So)'iu fti) fuytiXa M xv/wr^i ffXairroyra. afadhv &i ff/** 
^wtetv Hoi t6v vvperov, xai r^ vttpa^op'iv, «f rt Toin 
vapo^vafiov; Kai r^? irraviiruK, 

*Hr mv ^p Koipii 4v Oph^tv, irpwriffra aKorrew el j(f^ 
a^cupUtv alfia. >V W** ^^ 9 irapa^opi} {vr irvfter^ ^f")^ 
6ew (iafidXKjf tt^ vparrifi ij Bevriptji tjfUptjt, rdftyto' ^ikk^a 
T^r ^ dyMufi, fuiVitfra r^r fU^ntv iritp Kol ^ iv Tpvrtjv 
f) TertiffTTjy *)tiipi)V ^ irapaif>opt) ^x^, [Ua^i rrft irpdt-njt t5>v 
Kpujip/av trfpfohov jafivmr d &i ■tepowrepai tov ZiovTK 
■yp6vou ittraiifi »vTt jj i^iopai^, i^w, iroXKov irpi r&v Kpt^ 
oiuv iv rouTi i^iat luvovv yfii), i} ipap/iaictvtiv, ^ tokti XXXouri 
ipf0iafM>urt j(pitiTffiu. arap «ai ^X^a Tii/*>wv fttj voXXiv 
iipMpeftv, KJ^y iv ap)^ raftyjj^. ^ptifiTii yap tSrpeirrov ^ 
airfKviri)y Koxiir ^v Bi voXvrXri&iii i poaiwv hj, xa't v^viir?, 
Kai ^f a&^ipivfijjt Ka* otvo^Xi^it]^, — oI2( oil T^e ifipfvirtSiK 
ta^t ot \vfivi*oi, — oXXa Kai, avtu vapa^prfi uroWif nw- 
titov a^tpieiv at/Ml' voXkov Si fulov aif>a*pieiv, f)y oi&e 
iaiffc oi ^pnvnucoi' rafinm Si ^\i&a Tovriwv tiiroXfioTfpoy, 
^f i( vvajfOfSpittv Kai fi,*} aiTO x<^aX^ ^ vovvcv ^- lv0a&t 
yip T^ ^utfiioTt ^ ^X^' xt^dXfi Bi j(&p<K i*iv euadrjavn 
KcX vtvptav a^atof alfta Bi trapit itapBir}'; itXitei /mXXov ^ 
aXAoMTi BiBot. ffv S>v irtvovOp ijSe, ov xph '^'' ^' <»Yfi" 
Ta/AVttv if>Ke^a. riiZt yip wadea Kfvearffifiv i^' ohrt 4 
pKufiij ov OfUKpt). K^v (Uv T] Bvfaftu! ivri^ e»« to utavov 
T^ KevaxTUK, ava( a^aip4eiv, Skoh fii) iv rg Biatrraffi rift 
tiraipaipecio'! BiolOivijTm rip rpo^ij? ^ iyKa*pitj. fi/i-ej;^ 
yip TOW"* t^peyiriKotiTi oi wperol, Kol oiBi hraviaia^ fta- 
Kpii, aXXa ^pa^^fia^ tau aai'ifum^ Kovt^itr^ovv •n'Ot^v/j.evou 
^v Bi vpb rij<; ^vfifierfHij^ airavBr)<rg o voaetov, i^ Bevriptfv 
iirAvfrnv vTrtpffu\Keir&ai, ^v /*^ iv /tOKpov iierlirrff et Bi 



ftfl, avana^tva/wov iafi^eri, mil •^aufftai vpovamov, icdi 
vciat irohwv ovrwca a^tup^v yvufta &i t>j¥ avraftKitji ^ 

Tpo^ vypif ■TToai ftiv TQU"! wp^ralvovait ovk tiKiara Si 
^everiKOUTf iiri^p67epoi fiip wprrtaf fiovtvtv. to Bi 
fteXwtfWjToi', ffv fi'i ^oXtiStos Itaaf &vewrov yap ToiiTi wt- 
tpojfoKoivt.* j(6vhpQi. vKvToi ^i/v ErSari, fj fieXt/tprfr^. ^70- 
6av £j Ka\ (K rwvSe jto^i^fiara StSovtu avXa, vtrola Bv)*fiprfi, 
1) 4rt)UvoVj ^ dytjffov fy7i^/iiva>r eHirvoa yip rrfSe xal Siov 
prjTucd. av/t^pcv Si <f>pevtTutoiat ovpi}<n<f 'Ka-j(/ivmv vav- 
Twv niv, fjMXtara Si fioKaX}!^- aryaffov yap ro yXuryjiacfia 
xol ^ Xtidnjra yXaatrtft km. apmipitis, kiu k t^v t&v ko- 
vpitiv SiffoSov apurrov Si koX rfirrXov, luu ffKirov, hiu ko- 
ptov&Trow, Ka'i KoXoKwrai koB' &pr}Vt ko^ S ti &v ^^' i/ea<mjv 
wpjjs apiarov ^, trriffaVT)^ Si j^vXIk i^pararm ftiv iv vput- 
TOMTi, w aTpo^uirrepoi cw ivi Si fiaXKov TTa\iit(po<i, okooov 
fiv ^ vovaot irpoiiKot ^(povoy. wrooT^X«rtfo( fie iv riJiTt 
Kplacat, Koi fUKpov t( frpit rStv Kpuritov. fjv Si et f^^KOi Jf 
vouffof 117, fii) ail>aip^tv r&v TrpoffOeffiatv, uXXA o-irtufira 
SiSovoi, tit? i^apttani 6 yoffimy tvre tctd Kptoiv wepitav KaX 
vereivSiv j(peo^, ra voXka touti j(v\oiai evnjKo/iivtuv Kiipra 
yip j(pi) T(i£e cv r^ e^njo-t '\vea6ai' lyOuaiv ol vtrpatot 
T&v dXkcov Kpiaaoviv etat. cViWav Si Tott iv t§ 'X^>p<^ 
apiffTovt alperiov aXKr} yap oKKai ^peiv ij^Ovraf iSiav 
ireTTurrevrai j(a>pJ}. oiftopa^ eiytoSfO^ viroffriKkfaffeu, «<- 
^oX^S yip xal ^pfvuv a-^iv iroKCi' ffv Se avarfx^ Ijff, T$$ 

* IIiiive«<IopMda«rMdIagti]li< 
Rtilulod by Enocatiu hi pUos of llio 

unl>ii:ir;' tuxt wliLi'li ilood thiu: 

ttfCi, ivxtitTov yitfi raiai it-tKfro\6- 
Aoiai. Fctii pn>|ioH«i« tu iiii[irora 
Um lext hj loHviug out >iT/, and lub- 

Witntinj" Piroirroi' for ifinirroi'. 
But ihc i^i'iriiilaliixi iiitniiiulol liy 
Eitncrim mvidi prcfi'riiblc, being 
roniidwl on tlic ruloi laid ilonn by 
lli{)]HK?i':iica in liiH wiirlc. " On Ali- 
ment ID Aculc Distgucs." — Sec Sjd. 

osEQN nAeaN, biba. a'. 


owT* ev oTeaTi, oKoiov f*^\a, Zoriov. tw uK\a)V Stpft^ 
SSan Hxturrov ikkuttv, t^v iv novvTfv tifv iqv 4rroftdj(pv vapa- 
fivdirjv £(§1^ ^f Si Italic SvyaiAiv S^, fii) ttdpra to otvASet 

Tvyyeiv Se jijv xt^aXijv iv f/it^v^iv. \£wai iXairif ofi- 
^Kixt TtTpiti/tiirtji. aXfaivfoSai yap ^ Kt^iaXtj ov ^tXin 
^ptviTueolaf i)v H km Jtypimviii xm ^vraaitt lutri, ^oSivov 
ftiaytw liTov tv^ ri vp&Ta- eri Si ftdXKov fi p6Stvov l<rra 
vXioy A trnhfriv leal efiy^v^iv rij? iecf>a\'}t. ^v Si xal rijv 
yvtofitiv vapajctvtmvrat, leai Ttjy ^Sir/^iv i^aXXdaaavrait ip* 
trvKou Kop-rit ive^^trrtov iv rolat eXot'oMJt, ij Kuraov ^wXic, i) 
voK\rfoiM>v irapayyTtoV {jv S" ^i ^loXXof ^ irapa>ftop>i ^fa- 
imjTiu, xal TTfVKfSavov xal ottovSvKwv raiat iXaioiat tvf- 
ijrttv, Kai S^ovt vapa^ftv. ar/iwv yip TttSe Kal 0^pfii]^ 
SwiTytv<rTud, xal vaxituv j^vfuiv SutXirrtKa, & t^ trapaf^o- 
pij't ^waiTia. vf^vXay^at Bi "xp^ r^St, im (ttf pi rhv av- 
^va Kai row rtvoyrav ^ rty^ts ')kj}- voXtfiit) yip rivovat 
KM. vnipolat. Kaipo'i Se trat Tcyftoe, wX^v t^t <ffy8o\ij« 
Tov vapQ^vaiiou' apaunepi} Si ev t^ ava^aaf iruvtav Si 
fiaKurta tv ^K/t^' fi £* if iK/*aivQ>yrai, r^Sc fiaXitrra fiyyetv 
"^vxp^, KoX ^^v^fiivtfi ivl ftaWov Sipeov vpji' 'xttftAvo^ Si 
j(\iap^ «« Si TO iTpiftvtiv ■n)v irapa^prjv, o^uKft^Tip, 4 
jtovvCl? (■^)pMTt, Ka\ ffiToyyi^ ri TTp6<rut7a wpiJiv t-rmna 
j(pUtv oivay$iv^, ^ KpOKiv<f XtTrat, Koi ra? pvaf km to wra 
roiaiSf SiaxpUiv. 

TdSf /iivroi icai vvvov ayetyd. ^y yip vavW)(ot ftiv 
iyp^awai, pffSi St ^ftepij^ evSwffi, arfvitv Si to ^v/frav* 
W^0akfioi, OKoiov T( Kepa-i eo-njxwcrt, ffKrjarpi^ayrat Si Koi 

' Ermorini or&Hii tlie cIuuho nri- 
M(C H tA ti'inraf iaim ollogcthcr. 

Itf mcnl; dclciiiig the loat ««ti|. 

mid li in Ihc followiiig •:lnuM. I 
flallcT mviicif that I have nirctnl«il 
in «)ncniling the text MtitfnctatUy. 


^favwrwiToi, virvov avriota-i km fjptftirtt nrrxofiea^at, 
irpanttna /i^c Sta tmc t^? K<^Xr}v Tf^f wtv, poSivou irpip-ov, 
4 afutpaKivov fvc X^''^" Kt<T<rov, ^ ^/jinJXoi', >) «£fli ^XAairow 
evn^e-jri'ifiOTt. iiri ftaXKov Si inrvtaTixiiv ft^Ktov aipn^- 
Btttra fv \cjrai, ft re -ri t^ Ke<fia\ri<; ^pefftet, ^ iiSart iv 
TO TTpoffojTTov fuv (Twoyyip" i/irxni&evat Si jyw; «oi ovto? 
SXat, (I cZek Vfo^perrcif, ^Xotpa? tout$ VTroKe<^a\atouTi, 
traxvyti 7^ *«! vt/wmWi to irveC/*** fijpiiv re «oi X«nw 
Ar, /cat o/tC)(\tv ryai ata-Otjiietrt vapex**' ^<tp» ^^ ""*! 
vw0fi a/ttj(\ri, !\irfp virvov ^pXV ^^ 8* /tt^ovtuy Bitafrai, 
KoX ainit tA (it\«iiivetoy « ra fiirtnra fvi* fiSari ypUtv' qoe 
imaXeiipetv 7^? pti'tK »k»1 ^ to «to iyj(ittv -^Xa^iif 
iroSbif tiia^r]^ ^iiv XtiTaii, ^f^vimi -n}^ xftfiaX^, avvTUCoy H 
Kal Kv^fftt fuiKurra Kpora^mv te Koi armv- Koi. yip leai T^ 
$r)pia i<t avw7Tau\av opy^t re Koi Ovftav Ky'/al wroiV re nal 
Hpordi^v Bafiviiirrai. vttvov hi aycoyii kKoerov Kal ra f f w;- 
0«ir vavTiXy ftiv, ^ A- ajedry KaraxXKrv;, Kol iv OaXaaa^ 
iTtpKJKp^, Kal avyiaX^v ^X^' ""^ "Vfuimyv lervwot, ivi/taai Te 
/So/i/jo;, Kal OaXdairrji; nai njot oBfi'Q- fiowucp &i fn, i0t9' 
fioi: avXajy ^^' r)iiv)(i'.h V "^V^s Xij/m?s'. t} injKTiBoi, 4 fwX^rij 
^aiSojy ai/v fJS/}' £t&PTKuX«a Se, vvfwid)(i»y ftiiffav irpoiro- 
fii\(r}. tliKXotct £' aKXa uirvov GeKirr^pM. 

Total hi inroxoyBpiinfft koH r^ KotXit] ifi^peyfima, Kai 
itrnrktiofiaTa, fjv tftXeyfioyp Kal fficX7)pip evaiprjrat «ai 
<^va-i}, SXatov SpimeroOi eXaiij; f^^aXXeiv.'' ira^v yap «ai 
yXlaxpov nai aXeatvoy. roSe S>v Xpio<; iv (f>Xey/i,tuTip. ivt)"^ 
tftrBo) hi iv avTij avrjOov, k6w^' ayaOoy hi ofiov ra Trdvra' 
^v hi Koi ^wtt; iv^, KVfitvov Kal treXivov twc itapveirv tjSi 
oKoaa oGpeov koI ^witav ayur/dr koX virpov iyaeiaavra if^ 

' I bare paTtLiilIy ULlopuil Knnunni very cxtontivc nlternUana of the 
text in thii pl«c& 





ipta ftiv ihrw ciavft^ vtvapa. avo -rrp ^iot* eKaiov hi Ti 
oiro T% $i*^anK. ^ pihwov ftiffytiv hi jfptj aipaiov '£XXij- 
yvtWt 1} KpifTa, km tve^lv fitXiXanov, fii^avrd re e^ fva 
^vXiw ri Ttarra Kwrtuovtlv tq ffirap' ffTrXijM S^ to eKa*0¥ 
viff &^i eoTw, 4 ei /le'^r ^ Trpic Bok€oi, oJi/ic^ijtim", A'ai dtri 
ipUav innrfyiri a.TraK'^. fiaXa yap tom'Sc o o-irX^ x"^* ^^ 
xoi' trpjjvvera*, ijv ii t& vrroyovhpia ttaw §, t/St ayu etpvri- 
rat, tea* ro Bfpfta Tnpireivtjrai, aptcrov /liv avrl rov XjVa«V 
^ ^iiv atrntf), ira^i> viKfpior laoy.* Korv^ Si itrrta leal Xt- 
fiavtoTK Ta iye^fn'ifuita- tuii £irri9oy ovk artpw^. 

'Hv Si iirmXAaafiv evicatpli) t^, rour* fiiy t\aioun roi4Tt 
ttvriowi •)(pita8ai rxi roiai, onoioiac CXit Si XiVov tnrip/ia, 
Ka* TqXtt, Kol a\tjTov itptdijt XerTov arfa&mr Si xa! icva/u>^, 
Kal ipo^-;, 7Jv t^i&aiytf ^ yaanjp. /cey^^pa S^ ^a^Btiaa 
iv fiapauiTtnat wpiriiui kov^ov Koi fiaXBaKov aXtike^fUyrf 
a Koi ^iiv ftiXiTt, Koi eXaiifi, itai Xtvou tnTip/AOTi vvo)(ovSp(' 
oto't i^m\aafia ayaSov? avBi) Si real ^ordvat <ral OTrip' 
flora, aaoa fioi iv Toitu ifi^phyiuun XiXcierai, icaX iv roiai 
iTrnrKdapaat tcria to. (Dvra' ^Xt hi Koi ai/v aurioiai fitv 
irfa$iiv *s avtrraatv ritv ^pw, koX is /u^iv twv av)(fiiipoiv, 
jcoi (uc 1} 6ipfnt N iroXXiv SiapKtp- SirfoOhv Si koI aM 
Itwrov, teal hrlirKae^La ijp.U^ov, icai ififfpeyfia ^vv rtv* 
ruv uypSiv \v0fv, fta\$d^, dkeiivai, ^vaiatv leat avpmv 
ayarjov, Trpifvvat irprjataT TaSt yap Kai fitXUp^Tov iroiitt 
iro$iy, >ca\ tovriaw irXeova xai Kpia-votu, ttooi TraptX6av 
dprt]p(j), xal irvtifiovi, Koi $iopr}Kt, koX xotXig. 

' Th« coiiimun reMlinK in rax" 
Istfnlpinv. wonli of no moaniriji;. 
Petit wo* the firrt to tn^vi't ria- 
piov, <m whicli tw F<>n' IKconum. 
|]ip{)OonU. in tocR; alHi Enilian. 

* In the original the term Uip<i- 

itm occurt before tiy; for whicli 

which Krim^rlnn «i.lopt«i tint, m will 
bo iiccn, rcmavcjit nlilllo vriij dowa 
the tentcnce. 


Toifft, {ivi^paiyovrat yip troWa), « t< r^k oXxijv t&pv d'jro 
T$? xti^oX^, OT^p 4^ ^ SutTTVoiiv T&y ev tm SatpTjict artfiSiv, 
KfU ticKpujtv TW <c T5 itotXi'i;. iV 5e itai troK>Jitv yfiup&v ^ 
ya(rTi)p hri<r)^at, xKH^av x/nt fitiuKp^tp, koX IXaltp, koX 


'Hr Si f*i} a^uo'i {nroicaTturrMi al t^? 0X«7/m)v^ tt/mj- 
ZSvt^. ViKur/v $ivra, ivrd/irftv, fvOa Hv ij ip>.ey/toyij Kpalv^ 
KM fU^v h}' fj,b]v Si 17 StvTtptjy, 2inu! fiv Ta re ^Xejfiai- 
rovra rnifiaivff ital ^ SwafiK tt'Ktvf), arap Ktu to wX^^o? 
ToC ar^iiaTOS TOifft'Se Tfieftapreov afierpiif yap trvyitoirifi 
aerhj. i^ piv S>v T/fteptjv /iii>' ^ Sevreptjv Teyfw ^ wWT^, /( 
2^ T^v Tp(Ti)v mtpBari) avv rtvi X/iroi tuv ffiSpeyftaTvv. 
hretTa ivid^fiara, iv ^Xeyfiavlp fiiv fiv etrtStat, uinronro?, 
TTJXi? i^6i) ev ptXt€p''}T<i), Tfpftifffov toO ^vrav pTTiVij, 
Kr/po^- ra Si fKaut i^l rolai avriourt ri tuvra. ijv Si fit} 
rotrreaifft maviT} pt^iv f) irapa^opi), Kovprj^ ■nji xe^Xf); 
JlpftK, f)v fiev fi'f)KiaTat. elev al icoftai, ra TrpvmoTa e; rfp-iav 
tt Si ffpa^yrepai, ev 'XP^' errfira fua-rjyv ayaXa^oyra t^v 
Suvafuy, aiKUTjv Kara r^'i xopuc^^'; -rrpoa^aWtty I'/Si n^tu- 
pieiy aifta- leovifn} Si irporepi] «'<; t^ y-erdi^pfva KtimK\j)rT6ce. 

'Evti Si xot fitiipTjKa «■ TrdoTjtrt rpct o^igm vavaourt 
axieaffai XP*I' ™*' ""'^'''^ Kapvovra, ^vv xapSi^, ical iry^v- 
/iovi, TTpioTKrra piy vk aydrfKijs t^s avawoij'; dXXore fiiv 
6fpprfi, oXXoTt Si ^v^pv"^' ^* Si VTTO -TTvperou KavaxoSttK, 
teal ffjJX^t "^^ ir/puiy Trofij^i'i??, ital vtuptay KOtytfviijv, tal 
oTopdxpv trviu^oprft, icaX vrrf^UKOToi Tt xat Siat^pdyfiarof 
kokCtiV (KttpSiTi yap fjv v(i0sp.itpv Tt Suyov ovvore dit^ai)' 
^t Si Toiffi if>pfviTtKoltn ical p-aXa XP'l ^"^^ puXlaaftV. 
vapa<f>opi) fiiy yap fiere^eTepaiui e« tico* twi' ey rip dtaprjKf 
AvaTryai} Otpfitj re xal ^p'r Si^fro^ Spip^i), ovk fC^opoy irvp, 
Tf« trdyn) et BtHpfjica. ^vppUiy. xal Koxit} fiiv diro tou 



airo rur aXKotv ei dtip^Ka fui-Soo-w. axpta yap ^^vxpi, 
«e^X^, iroSrt re, mm ^eipe^-' 6irep$ev hi TwvSe o 6<!>pt)S. 
xal iierai &v ap^^iv vypaai^ km yfrv^t. 7*yf«« /tiv &y 
IXeum' {vi- j(a/iatfi^\^ e^div j} vdpS^- dipfo^ Bi xai 
aipMOi "EXKjjvucot ^v Si leal ewtOeTOtffi Sejj j(pi(a&at, ^o(r 
vucev iv aXv^ aixrrqp^ Sfutfore?' hrtira Xdot h i*a^av 
reTpi/i/Uvot (iiv vdph^i, oK^iTOtai, oivdvOr), Trpo<rrivh fftapijia 
iirhtXaafta- ^vKTueiv Si koi fiijXa ffKaadhna fie fuivrij(jj 
Kal pUXikatTfp. vdvra Si itT)p^ Koi vdpSy avaXafiffdvuK 
7}v Se icai rov <rf6/*aj^y e)(^ vdpicf) luil awo^iriri, a^irSiov 
j(y\^v tj K^iiifV rotiriBe fyXXeo/veiv mi rjiS* i^i}6hnt f w 
Xi-jrai Koroiovttv to OiroxoySpuiy, irerrieKttv Si lau rh uiri- 
ffpr/fia t} j^Xoy avriov irpit t^; tpo^^, oxvVov KvdSov^ Suo 
rov dwoffpeyfiarm, ij levaffov vucpov roO jfvKov fi* uSoroc 
xvodofv Sw. ^v Si Koi KaOao<t fj^ ^^'' irrofta^v, ovk tiwi 
T^ Karaardatm^ i% vov(nv, *tXX* avroSi ftomoit ^tto y- 
fmv Spiftiwy «al dX/AVpSiv, iJ inro x**^' SoKvofUvou, <cal 
Si^frti avatvofifvov, i/Spopuryiv ydXa Sorioy iv rpo^i. Saw 
^piiKoTv\iov TOW ydXaxTo^ iv vSotot Kva0^ ivi- ^vp.^'tmiv 
S^ avrkov TO irXeioTov. ffpajfv Si t* Ka* ffiiv £pr^ avdXl- 


'Hv Se ml xaOtro? fja) riv Sv0pti>7rx>v, xai Si^froi, ital airo- 
plrj, Koi fiayiij, xoi ivt&vfiir] i^v)^ov vSarov, StSovat fulov 
fiiv 4 OKoaov ev icavaov vovatp avev ^peviTiSw. riiivSe yip 
a/ufil T&y ytvpatv opproSiety xpi- StSoyai iv oKiaov i<i oro- 
ftd-j^v axof oXiyov Si dvapKiff fipa^ifirira* yhp oi ^pe> 


'Hv Si Kttl th vxr/KOiriiv Tpdirayrat, ylyyfrat yip xai 

* Eimcriiu duvt iiiii hfiliAU t>> 
a}*<:l thcM fim wnrili from ibc Icat, 
without ui; good nwuu o* Tu u 

1 CBii Mf. Tuvii appiiei only to 
Ibo (act uid luuuU. 

STa:.; Uiiit, iitLi.-. 94305 




ofOptairov, vayrcov Si eU ri crrot r^f ^fii]V vouvftevoiv 
T&v irfpitv, KoX TOW Tovou 'Kuofiit'ov «ffll toO wwfiaiov, St 
T€ aKr^it/v fih T^ vapa^op^, Seo! i€ e« arfiitv XuB^vtu 
Xdl ir/paaii)V tov ayffptpvor aXxttp fiovvov iirri otroc, 
6pf^at fiiv aKtmi Kar ovaitjv, ical iravrtj fUypt trtftartav 
fu>\uv Tovif ii irpoa@(iva% rovov, icai intvfia vevafinttifi^ov 
eytipai, ^^ly oA^vou, <rnr^m irX^^^v, <^pofuvmy rfto ital 
fteoyrtuv KpaTrjaat, i}hi)v fihi o^patveoBat cc ^&oyi}v, *pa- 
Totot Si trr>}pi^at hvvaiuv ii ^to^v Spiaro^ hi fttiXi^tu 
0vfiov iv irapa^p^' taZe ftiiToi ■R'o^eis £fia vavra vprjaatt, 
0Vfi6y TE yAp irpr)vvovrtii /ioKffa^t ^emf, koI i^ eurvr^aty 
^ Zvvojuv rpi^MVTaf arap ^Bi emvriouTi iinrreovtn iv 

'Oray irpoata fiiv ijSrt iroXXoc ^inj ^(p6yov, S rt in^jfrii 
WoOrj^ ei], ir^ ijSe i} impa^pt) n fttopoiaiv TpitrrjTtu' TO 
Si (/TrojpiSpuiv fii} TToXXor rt trpoaffXaimfTai ^ ^yicip, ^ 
^uarjfft, ^ O'KXijpi^, Hf^taXr) Si to vXioy ej^ Tijv oiW^, j(p^ 
ToXfj-iovra \ov(iy 176^ ita-raiovety voXXov rt t^i- Kf^aX^y. fj 
T« yip ?f£S vypavdijff^erat, ical fj xe^xiXi] StaTrvevaff^trerai, 
Ital TO f iJ/nroi' ff*ri}vo9 SwtTjucrftjffeTai. otSt yap to fify fi?- 
pfiv itpffXuverai, Kol KoSapeuerai Si r^? o;k';^X)j« ^ our^fftt* 
7} hi yvtit/nj fvoTi^'i »}S^ ^/iireSo? p-l/tvet. rait fitvrot rij't 
XwTws tt}s MiiMrof YNii/iara. 

* Thn iMt cUnM of thl* MoitcnM 
B«m> drcidiKil}' to bicomipl. ilow 

niiicli i* il Iv tie iKnicniml titxt tht) 
tnlogium on wine, which appou's 10 
tiQ *o jadiviuiia aud to uloquuDt, 
■huuld b« mured, in *o Tar, b; tho 

cotrnptioiu or ihn inxll Petit nig:- 
guU Jwunouc J/nrUcvSt, wbjcli 
wouhl bo >ii iini)ravciiwiit of llw 
*cDte. in iDj opinion i bntil »»- 
Joctcd b^ Enneriiii, 

osean UAoaa, diba. a'. 


K^. 0. OtpOTrela Ai]$apyucati/. 

fkp T) voitatK' ij&e iv iXiij fioWov y^^K yip ffiipuroi q 
airii]. xoiTij fiia^ffv, roixiyypa^ir), trrpat^ra vatKtKa, 
wavra oitaaa irtp ipfStarud S'^^hk, XaXi^, ^Xo^/q ^vv 
wUm voBmv riX^i' Kv^afioi. tjv ^a6v K^fia tirxn- iftfio^ 
tjirif, rovdarirj 6py{Xi], Bfifta, itp' oXat ^eifJAiVei. -Kpoaatf- 
yiXii] r&v oiedaa etroSee km vpoaeSoKte. iravra A iyp^ 
fopaiv ivayriait rolvi ^ptvntiuiifft. 

'Af^'t Be Koi Kmiurto^ 'KijffapyiKmv rdBe j(p}} tiyaxritttr. 
^v fi^ ef eript/s vovaov, OKoiov ti i^ptviriBot, Sia^^rat ^ 
Vj^i ^Xcjda p€v fti) rdfiveiv, ftfjSi a$p6ov vo0iv xevovv 
alfia. vTrokXv^eiv Si nji* xotX/qv, >i^ tov KirirpmSeoi etvexf 
Itouvoy, iXX' 0K<ov rt Ka\ HveaSev avriavatr03, xal a-iro rrji 
/M^oX^t 6)(tTevOii. vXiov otv e<rTw a\i>v re «ii yirpov. 
ipurrov £^ t^ KKvafiart ei Kaaropwv'i' -^v^ov 
fikp TO Kona ivrepov XijOapyi/aArt k<u tjw eitieptaiv vtiepm- 
8n. 4*' ^^ f^'i ^'* ^Mi^f iot vovffov, ^XX' itavriav apypfra* o 
X^ffapytK, Ktti SoKtji weirX^trSat o vou^ivv, ^c fiiv aH/tarK, 
^Xiffa T^v cir' a^K^vi rdfimv ijv 8^ 4'^Jyfiaroi iiSaTwSros 
<(Ta £^Xaiv yvfiSiv, leadaipety ■)(pt} Kveiopifi avv t^ Tmtrdyjj, 
ij (KXeffopip fuXavi fiv fuXiKpijry, vpof tiJo-* apj(^at, ^c 
fieTpuo<i ^ovXff ^v Si fu^voK, toC ^ppAicov r^f icp'K 
tcaXfVfUyT]!; vijori SiSovot oXk^?-^^, {t')' fJ«XMr|»^&k> xi/a- 
tf<M? Tf^io'i, «cat TTeptiieivavTa Ka6^paa6at, Ttne iihova* aitia, 
TjV icaipoi §' 7JV Se pij, £« T^i- i-TTttnnrav ^fUpt/v ij Tpo4>^' 
tiiicatpii} hi Kore koX ev itnrtpjj yiyverat t^ «<p% oXicjp 
■<a' C8oT( i} p^Xiicpi'(Tip \vop4vri>t, Kvaffoa Svo. 

'Arpo^il KOKov, icoMov Si Kai TtoXvrpoipi']. y^ <&f oXi- 



yoa-my j(p4ta9at ev ittaar^v i^fiipffr aSpoov Si ft>) iatrttv 
inrofur^toi re yip ^' aXttp t^S aTOfidx<f XP^ ^*^ Travav 
rifv ^fUp^f. arip uai ^ Tpo^i) iarta Xewrwovaa Koi Su^ 
ywfrtfTiicif iv ^tofMiai /mXXov tf OTneSai aKeKTopUt, letrf- 
jfpttL.* XiwSfioOTt? a ^we^tiff&ta Kal S^oi vapaj(€ia0e». 
Kol rotai hi yvSjolat tit^dWetv, <t -roi tiot 'xy^ ^(peeadcu 
TTTtaartti, €vvvooi/ ijij ovpvv arftayov, fiapaBpov, aiXivov, rii 
')iAj(m^ 7 TOirr&ir rwi icapnnvt. iya0i»' Si Kai vpaaov t$ 
tptfxvrtiTt, mJ Kpafiffr} {vv iKaUfi xed faptp- iptarov hi xol 
Kv/uvov y\Mei>, f iv icpa/Afft}, ^vattov ^Zi avpiaV fptBurria 
fdp fj KVTTK, i)hk yturrijp, ir irofff) t§ vova<p.* 

Tiy^KV T^ Kc^oXij?, a^iTfp xai -rmct tjipevtriicourt. H/*- 
^o- 7^ at aia6j)awt irX^oi yi/fvoyTtu aTftiv, Ik airtXaW' 
vetf jfpi) ^v^i leal <Trv^i, poBlyrp, ical Ktatrov ^X^ ij 
i^ariiil^iv ^ ttairvoriv rotat Xe/rrvrnwrt, olov ipvvX^ A" 
i^U aw T^ pc^vipr tjv Si vfvpay iroytxt l>j «ai V"&f« Skou, 
iroXX^ Si ftoXXov OKpioiv, TfS Kixajopup ^iiy it^iup Xtiral- 
veiv, tjS^ reyyttv tjjv KdftaXijv hoX tov av^ha, icol t^»- {>dj(tv 
•jfpMw rqi ain^ ^vv \{vai, amnavt^, r) fXfvKlv^, 17 iraXatco- 
fwy^wtK hi leal ri* x*V^ '^'""^ ''"*' w/**"^. «f*i to) tro6f airii 
T&v ^ov0ava>v. TouTiSe fiarToi Kai rfjv Kwrrtv leaTtuoveiv, 
Koi OK vfvpov vaa-jfpwrav, koX ok oCpmv 6S0I' Ktifiyovtrm', 
arip Koi T§ Spifivnfn Twr j(y/iwv aj(0«p4yT)y j(o\ioSea fiip 
ri otpa. ijv Si fU^tov 6 rpo/xo? I17, koI lelySwoi <nrafffioS, 
icat atiaiuvl^ tit t^c Ke<j>aXS)y inr' avdyKf}^ xpiftrOaf 6X^ 
Si iJt» ^ XP*^^ ^*' ^ **" ^XeyftaaUu t&v vtroj(pySpimv 
joMTi, Mat TrpfJcMs KoL tftvaat, koI vepiraott^ tov Sip^taTOf, 
7 MotXov flrp^ai, etffw elpvofUvov tou Oiro^vSpiov, if*- 

■I ha<« ailn)ited inToiai in- nail inlroiluriiig •toHB, to mokfi hl> 

tdcad of iawfiioiai, ma iiDggvstctl lijr author aea \be laii^uge wliich llto 

Polit. editor tkiicios be ought to liave iihmI. 

> Enneriu hu cntirvl; nmodd- I haro kdo|itcd onlf a low of hi* 

led tbU p MM g B j JUiriug, cjoctiog. cbonsct. 



fipeyftara xai ivivXav/taTo, 6x6^0 /tot iv ^ptvirtKotat 

Suevt) ijicurra ■xpif'rBcu ^v &iro ^ptvirtZoi !a>at. tvroX- 
ftJntpav hi fjv ap-^?)0ev ij vovaot tla^aWr), ^v H •y'Kaiaaa 
/tfXaiyrjrtu leal SyicK (v joiai VTroy^ovtploiai trrtftaivi), vrr 

Xfiovov Keyudriaerai Tptrt aivBijirevi, rSWa 5° etnrericTtpov 
^ipy, ry Kopvif)^ ryjt ite^Xfit vpoaffa>Xeiv dXwov yAp r^ 
iwdiu -ri hrTfvSev Kfvovv. 

'Aynv Tf Kal ifrvtrtK avvt re ital iai-n». ^vaetev y^p 
fft/yarfoiyov XijffnpytK leal iv fjj^t' itoiXCfitTt Koi iv t^ SX^ 
ffiojni apyly) Kol vmBtg koX a^vx^ff' Btairvevart/tov Bi 
Klvr)att fjBi eyp>yfop<rK. tta-xpUiv o\iv vff^avov \K^pov 
Tplffovra fitc /tiXtrt leai viTprp' ayayov t^ iart /taXXoy 
^vaetov ^iiv TOurioiat koX TepfiLV&ov prjrivtfi fupai ev Ka\ 
wvpiTj vpokkrjTiKrf ^vaitav, 1} mvapMat Bepnoiai ipioK, '^p^- 

opiyavov, 1) 7XiJ;^(UV. r; fnn)j i'^iTaf ayoi S' &» ^vtrat, ^Si 
OKOaa iTpQ rm* atruov iriVera*, rdvtp kuI ^X^pa xai x*^'/*' 
iv TiHat, ivripatak koI aropAy^p &1fU CfetMrov iv p4Xt- 
KptJT^ i-i^Biv, tiKTaftfov TO K-pTTTUtitv, opCyavov BptfUa 
fiiy, aywyii S^ uBiavrov, Hyprao^i't' TiiBe fACvrot Koi ^vvitav 
jtal oOpwv iearappt}KTixd. 

'Hv Si rpojitK ■x*^pStv Koi Kt^att.^ t^, Koariptov vrivi- 
OKHv BpajfU^V oXici}>! fffiuTV ^i/y fieXiKprfrou KvadoK Tpiffl ^ 
fifUpat wXtvvaK' rjv H n^ triv^ ToSe, ivr^Ktw ^p<f>apip 
fXalou,' ivBa irir^avov ive^iirBj} Kvudott rpi^X, rh &e StirXoov 

' Tli« readinK in nio«l nf th« 

ha* evid«iiilf no meiuing. Patil 
incniioiia, that on Iho msr^n of * 
oenain good fiiS. hs faatid 1^ It- 
ftvtfy, wtiidi ccrinjiil}' gitci a pots- 

■IjIc meaning, tritli llulo vlnlture to 

th« text. Wi^D IDggeitl lu^f Jpoi 

or (OfifffMV t'^iii-. Krinorini ircnlta 
■ reading lo ault bin own t»ary — 
if riyiiv Uii^ifiev. Sutli ■ change 
appear* [o mfi iitUrl; inadialMilil* 



^ TO Kttra SvTfpov iyx^**"' **** ^^^ ^ -KKevvaii fitUptK. 
fiera. &i to iic roureov ^vfi^opov, {t^vam y^p «7« avm re 
Ktu KoToi- /tere^ipoict Si ital otpa koX Kvsfiutv) ^v Si) 
iToffev eit Ti ^f &ta8iov tJicij, arpofia ^H xpaToia ra vfvpa 
ycyyerat xai raf e^ia; cf to ffepfiav Koi ^pM> aXXowt Mil 
rav KaTocrdaia'^ tui' fotiirwr rphrtt. apiffrov Zi xaX <V 
T^ ^va^ ift^vtriiv xal yap ital rjSc -rrvevfidnav KaTopprfK' 
Tuciv vrapftoiaf xai OKoliv Ti Kwmt wytoyiv oCpuv xal fiv 
fiv^JI<t' irpr^aijd hi fffpfiu trpoayiviX TiiSe TjJSe tcai r^v tTXAMv 
Twv tnapfUKmy Kpttrtrov, TtvjrtpfOi, fXXf^opov, <rTpov0iov, 
eii^p^iov. TfiSe yap i^ tijv wptur^v qS^ irir/uinjv dtftv 
um^i^ MM Tapa«T(xa xe^oX^s' t£ koI alaStjauti, ix vpoaa- 
yayPii Si to icaa-TOpiov aXcatVcr Ktij>a\^fft Si ico! oXXo^ 
^vfitl>opov, OTiirtp ra vevpa iravrri ivSivBt -ntpt^verM' vov~ 
<r«v Si viiipwv xturrvpiov itiri'ipiov. uXS^ ^vft/iivytiv ToSe 
TWK yeypofifUvfty ti^! tj tmtj, oi« ^^n^'- i)*' 7^ /**7W' M^ 
atrriiut fiiv Kt^aXljV ^v/ifi€Tpa)v rapu^ai, is fuutpdv Si T^r 
0ipfir)V cfa^rai. 

'I'ypijvot T^k p(ca Trpof^'jo'i' m'^k SptfuioK f^ev ^ 
attt6t}<nv, iv Swa/uv Si fftpfuu^' okoIov aino ri Koaroptoy, 
^ dvfiffpa, 7 7'k'Jx^*') ^ 0vn<K, •jfKupa, 1} £^pa Snidnra 

^pifiiiav ^pfiaKwv )(p(trifi Kari. rS>v iroSuv /rol 7ouV(iT«v. 
v\ii 2c' JWm oXeaiVofO'a xal StiKvovaa tK vpofrar/urfiYi. 
ufL^lv yitp -xftivi \r)0apyiKotffi ^ 6a\y^tv Ktu (ypi/yoptrtv. 
Tcl wpwra fiCV my Kal icviS^ fuurri^ttv ri ffKtKfa. wpoaC- 
^ovtra yap ■^ a^t^ ovk is ttoXKov iiev SiapKea, aKurroy Si 
ota^apiiv koX trovov kvhihol. fierpita'i he tpeBi^ei re *iil 
irapoiSiaieei, Koi 6epfUKrvt}y vpoxaXterau ifV Sk hrX fLoJyXov 

M being both vlolnut anil iniro- liHie tried nij ikill in emmcling 
tiuciii),' > meaning not luiublo u> tliis poaugo — villi wliM buvccu* 
the ptoco. Il «1I1 iHi K«il thai I jadicml cruditi. 




ideX^tr^ rait toi 'fiyntT0a*, XtjfiftiartSoi ^5* n^opfflov tra 
(w XiVot YXetM^Kf) XpUiv. iptffTOV Kid ffxtWi;? &n^ 
Xffirrotfft exTpiffatK ypi) H imiui^vra r&v fu\itw ri 
fXaiStSfi" (aS^JVTof yap vav Bpf/tv ^i/v \i7rai tjv fii) ^apfut- 
x&Sts), ^ ianrp{v^, ^ iXevxtt^, ff atmatyi^. i^v Bi eirl rtnir4- 
oiviv Srt ffaSii lewfm '^XP' ^^''"ov -yprf rav aypu>y ^iiv 6^ti 
rpl'fravra tiiv^tiK ivji f^^Tj ^ftpJ^ama, ri&eyat' Spip-v Si 
ri tnhrXaa^ km, iiKtmv ipv$t')pxxra irttv^v, (iijeja>; hi 
ot&tiklet 0lfify6v' ft KtvSvvov Bi ^XvicraivaiO'iof Kai rpatpA-roiv, 
fwfj^? iiraipeiv to eiriirXaiTfta, KuBopeovra firj T4 TOVTioiV 
^fifig. ToBe p.iv Siv it to vtoBe^ xal VfKpSiBe^ airr^v, Kai 
^ vdvra xaifmy, irXijy r^fft if^oK^iri ratv irapo^vuitStv. 

'Hf Sk ava^epy ftiv ijSi) t^v cutrffj]<Tty, ddpot fUv rt hri 
T7? xE^Xijt, Ktti ^«, 4 ^0/i^ot Jtj, km Sia Toil <rr6fiaTiyi 
ar/HV ^iKeyfut, fiatrrix'iv Til irpoira c; ftdatjaiv BiBovra, a>t 
^vve)(ei aTTOTTVof etrtna B' a.J>6it aaraipiBo^ aypirfit, KOKKtm 
TOW Tijt KviSov, iranwf Bi p/oKitrra c'ti-Tprio!, ori rt f i/w)S«, 
arap li&i 5rt twv oXXwj' fiakXoe riiBe ^Xtrfftarw aytayov" 
K^v /liv Kajairit) tk tKotv, ixavov piv ni iv rp trropdj^^ 
Xvaai' Bwariiy Bi Kai vyptiyai yatnipa koX ^uaa<! uyarftlv 
KoX '■flip poi KOTt tK f I'VTV;^/))? TaBe (wifit, utaraxiotTO! toO 
avBpwiTW Karii yva>fii)V Ti)v ^ft^v wfa6i} Bi liZiuTieaXov ^ 
Vfiprf XP'l ^ "^^ '*''''*'' 'ff^p^y eSKafftri yip a-KCipii). 

Xpij Bi Ktxl TJiv KeipaXiiv fi£ra t}]v KoupTjv t^i* ^v XP'Pi V*" 
p-i} peya t}St avvg, (upelv «s Btavi'aijy arip 15SJ is ^fopfiu- 
K<t>v Bpi/Ucty j(puTii', Toti Bia rf/v XiyivijoriSo?, rj aBdpKtpi,* ij 
Ba^iijV, ij aiv7]Vi vypav i( vBa7(n ^vv ttprat BtvX^ iv ^P^X" 

* In the text of all thp IISS. wt con in c«m). Enn«rin» expiinKB* it 

read UAp, «h)r1i 1* CTldontl; a 
monKKnitf. Upon the whule. I 
think it moat pn)1»ih]« iltot cho 
Adcm it moMit (toa Ed. Gf . L«xi- 

sltogcthm nnil pcihnp* ho 4om 

rij-bli Tor Xq/iflirrif nad HipKti 
wnra the *iun«, or nvorlj ih> vuut, 

I. 2 



viov iy)(plaavTa iftvaaaetv -njv itt^idK^y ^vK^avra tk ii 
Siprjv fiirji' €vieaipi;i tnT»yyouTi fftpfiotai •trvptify. 

OvK avw(f>e\h Bi (tol Xoveiv, (jStj wiiynai' >*^, 4 tow ft 
TrXeiffTtov koX naipiav riiv iv ri/v voixrov XeKv^ivtav. t$* Si 

mio^f irpoinjvavi Kiytjffiot. 

K(^. y , VlapacTfiov OtpoTreia. 

ToKriSe fiArroi Ktjv fuipaiTtim etj, ap^qyttv Boffffov tovra ivl 
\oinph Koi KivqvuK. fiapaa-fiov f^ivjoi Kal '■joKa itjr^ptov, 
Kol &pf^al, KaX uXe^vac KaX vypt/vat faa-ripa, KaX KVtmi' 
vprjOvof &Tap ^hk taro^ot'; noink tA ^vit^povra. ofiol^ 
yap Koi ^ toiirr) riivSf twc vovtrav ^ tSeij. leaaropiov Sk rov- 
Teotcri Ktupuirrepov re ital tv/i^eurtpor ttkIv t« «al ■)(piaa- 
a6cu Kol ^« T9 SvTfpov evelvat. rffat he yvveu^ oKota tou- 
jioKTt iKeKa wdBea am vaiipijt yiffverat, iv roun ywtu- 

» * * *' ^ttottXij^i'ij lirxyp^ ftiv ftij, Xirayra ykp Sairt 
vfKptiSet^, ^v real o voivcmv •pipatav ij, rolffi irep ^urrjde^ to 
ird&tN. oil yap wepiyir/yomai rp re /ieyeCei tov xokoS mi1 
TJ5 T^ ')Xi*Ci'»;« ^v/iipop^. Skqk Si rcKfuip-ria to. [teyidea, 
TTpoaOev fioi \f\€tcrat. ijc S^ twjv/ijr, xal offffetTR fj airo- 
TrXijfi'ij 7r^_7, t'^fttt /i^v ow pt/tBtov, ireiprja&at Bk aif. 
lirippavov fiev &v lijT^piov, ok fieydXip ■trdSel fieya y9oijfljj/*a, 
ifiXffforofiCi], TJv fuj Tts *s aiiapT<i>XT]v fjj tov irXji^eos* Sw- 

' Allliinigb Bome wonli ftn eri- u angular ihat ibcn ii no Ucdim 
d«ll(l> wonling u th« beginning, it in uif o^tbe British MSS. 




TtKftaprov Si to fAtrpor. »;v t* yAp trftucp^ itTUoy a^iKjit, 
wpovairhrvi^t thv avBpamov. i<t y^p ri (ijv tovt(oiti xai 
wi fffuKpov alfLa SvyaratraTov, xal ^ aKer) r^ ^uij^ tvb 
^iTijveo? lail TW T/M^i;* ^ov* ^v re /lewi' t^ ahitfi, ovSJu 
/i^a aiytjffaii Sia fUyaKov aiceof ert yap ^ aiVi'if f*i[iVtt' 
Kpiaaov Bi ^f TO (TXao-o'of a/Mij^rai-eii'. ijf ^a^ xoi Soicejf 
/tiv ivSiftf, ^(pt)<rral Bt nye^ vtrotfidfftes ytyvoivro, av$K 
ivravoTtifiVdi' tSjv tftiJffa, raityetv 5e Ttjv ev t^ ico{K^ tow 
ayKoifiK, (vpoot yip ijBe tv t^ \ui^' ^\imiK)taipta$at Bi iv 
Tp fffiiKp^ htrorjrXrj^ir] Koi tA vtlpera fUpea, et en-' aptartph, 
fl Bi^ia, ^ TraptoK. airo yap 7S>y irf(r]p<A}V, 019 bro'i etVeii', 
T^f a^aip€viv j^prj ttoiitti', TpBf yap to atfia evpoov r^Be 
Kal 4 vapoj(iTtvei^ Atto t6>v aivap&y. ijf /**c wv aww 
^vtprff 7rpo<f>avi<K dv6ir\r)icToi ylr(Vb>vTat, iBe y^pt] avWo- 
yC^«T0ai a/i^l Ttji a^aipitnoi- fjv Si airo TrXtiy^t, ^ Kara/' 
^opt)^, t) vti<n»t ^/*0fj, oil j[p}) (JwrjSuXXtffflo*.' ft^rt^i- 
poiat Bi ToSe p,owov fU Sict^tv i)Bi ^(d'jv *jpKe<rfv, 

"Hv Si fit} SoKei} rdftnxy ifiXe^a, ij/v^tov voW^^Koi vapicriv 
Ka) avaiaO'^airK afx^i<r)(ov<nri rov aySparTrov, woxXv^ctf is 
Ka'oiatv ToD 7TX»i^«« Twv ev towt* hTepoivt (ra iroWit yip 
inr aST}<paffivt xal otvo^Xvyiij^ irapoTrAi/yev y^ovrai), ital 
tit T^v ttvriairaaw t&v "rijv ice^Xijv afitj>tj(6v7o)V )(ypMV 
ioTta Bk TO xXvafUi BpipAi, real <j>\eyfiaTeav Kal ;{oX^s' a/ywyov, 
<Df flit virpay ej(tiy /iovvov, aXXd urot ev^p^iov, oaoy oXicrfi 
rpuofioXov, « Tofie fiivij^e? wX^t'ov tow /(Xiw/«jtos, Kal 
Ko\oKvy0iZtK til ivTO^, 4 tfvTavpCov t^« Kopj}^ (i0eifr^/iaToc 
tU IXatov, }) vBup. apiatoy Bi xXtvpa Koi to Totov$r rov 

■ Tli« text is not qaite MtbfBC< 
torfi but we catmot Toiilun W 
■dopt thebulil alieraiinn Introduced 
bj' Knaerinn: tai iXlti rijc Cwlt{ 

nMsuiiig Mtnii to be, ibot it is tbe 

animal beat which imparlK lift to 
load introiluccil into tbo i^stcm. 

> Wignn fDggent the neccMiij' of 
ail hvfinv xp^' ■■>'! Enncrininccotd- 
iiijtlf ado|it» It. 



fUXijm T^ ^wijBet Tnjyaifov f w rm Aiirou rjn^ffir, km rep- 
fUvBou rov Beripeo^ t^? piyrivii^, xol aX»v <Ivt( viTpov, Koi 
vaaanrav 4yfn'jfiaT<K. 

Kai 17V iK TMi'Se fuicpov aviypiyrai 6 SvBpwmv, 4 kiK^ 
fUVK TCtert irvpmitTt, ») aiVtfoi'o/ifco* awo T';v dfawftj^/i)?, 
1} ewT^i/f t'lj 7i!vo(T0, /) oXti*« T» vpovanrov ivmifuiv ^, cvcXvui 
Xp4 ^ftfifvai, *)&' d/>i77€«' tvroXfionpoy. Kparvviurta &v 
ftftnjyv riiv Svvafitv r^t ifp>;t roO KaOapripiov BiBova* V^- 
Tfi, fidXiaTa ftiv 70 tray r^v inviOi' ct &k tntXv/ui t) ^vvafut 
eoi, is TO "ttuav triiv fitXtKp^r^. Ka'i Kinfiy avrov tr £i^p<^> 
ivQevia. avaxXiTifi, arpifut fiiy aieapovyrtov tosv ^povrwv, 
&iavatTaiittvTa Bi ^wej^ hia to OKO-Trov k^v fitv ^ yaffjifp 
evpoa)^ inro^^pTi, hi)(tadat' tl &i fiij^ vZtap r) //tiKiicpriTov in- 
irlaKtw, oativ Kva6axfi tvo- ijk jf mii vavritj piv SXtj iiri 
TpiTt KuBdpaeai, pi] diroTphreiv. ^ t< evraati «'s eypvfyopatv 
i)(*t Tt ^oTTvpov, Kal tAv ^XeypuToiv CMfros niv alrit^v Tq? 
vovaov ctTft. oiaQi'i'TUi'i &i, Kal Kt^aX^s, Koi vivpuv Kt^ap- 
T^ptov V i^ph TO ^dppaKov. dp<}>i piv &y M»wcr(ot vaf- 

"OXov &k ypij Tov avdpwtrov epioiai eiXi^yra Koratovtiv 
\nral ffiKVWVi'tp, ij fXevKivtp, »j vaXai^, ^ tSitj tKovrtp, ^ 
^vpTrdvTtafft ffvpptpcypivoitri' dpiarov £f leripov fUKpov 

CTTJjKeiv t'v trdj^oi twv a\fiij)dr»av wotieivBe j^pi) 

SvvaratTipTjV Ti/i'Se" (pTTixiraiiv tk (tol viTpou Kai ireiripf<K. 
ioTo Bi Xerrra t7i}a&irTa Kptfiripiy peya Bi «s Bvvafuv t«c 
-Traparrwv Ka\ to Kouropiov Kal aXeippa. ^vv rtvi Xiirai twv 
eiptipiviov, TToWov Bi Bvvar^inepov xot ^tTTitrKUv ^vv ptJu- 
Kpi'iTcp. TO hi jrX^^of oKoaov ht\ \i)6a(r]iKaiv tafuv ^vvriK- 
pulpfffOai Bi KOl Ttiv rjXiKijjv Kal t^v yvar/ir)V tou VOKr/ovToSy 
tl vrutv it irXeOvai fi/Upav fro(/io«. iart Bi Kal \pi<rpaTa 
Kpiaaova t^s T^fio?, ev^opiarepd T€ Kat Sm-ar<oTepa- oin^ 
fap veptppiei ee to t«ov orptoparuv otu^^os- djfApumr yap 



•nSai Kafivavai to roiovSe, xol wpoffi^a* r^ tTK^vd, fi re 
ri ^MmutetTa i/tri re t^s d\^ dcewoftj.* jXXa «ai tJ 
afSuN- ttuTMn' OMjuTTov, vtpipp^t fhp ^ T^fi?. uXij fij 
aX<i^T»»' itiv oKoaa /lai XeXcRrar {vv avrioivi Si KturrA- 
ptoy, ^frfivv Ttp/iivffov TflO BivSpetyt, tv<^p0iov, \rifan}imS<n, 
ItvpiBpov taa- wevipuK, jfitXffdvTit « ^/*tffV ^vv Virpy 
AtyvirTi^ rptvXdvuty, Kf/pov OKOaov h avaraatv vyp^r. 
TToXAov it Ttnniiuv ^ppaKlt) frovtiKaniprj KaX trXiav koI 
tliji XeXtirroi.* evnrXda/iara T^ffi ffxXijpijjffi xal r^at ir- 
Tao«Ti T&v (j.€piav i-TTtSertoy v\i) Si, Xlvov awipfui, TijXt?, 
lEX^tTOf itpi6tvav, i^i'Ki, fXatov ih-0a ir^ayov >j avi/ffov 
i^tT&t, a\0alt}^ jii{a Kowtiaa Koi iv ftAt/tptfTy h^Ottaa, 
w leripoei&i}^ yeveaffaf etrrot Be €Va^a ttai irpotrtjvia Tp 
^vrrraTt. f)v fnev mv avvpoi taiot &rt, ^ fffiiKpov ftrnrvperat- 
vnwt, ru&e j(pi} trpi]tTa€iv oiiic aXeyt^orra t^t ffipfiiji. 

*Hv S< irvperol ifee? cwo'C xa!- ^ aXXi) vavaot afmcpoTiptj 
rmvSi ^aiinrrai, itai ^ tov «r/c8uvof oiZe ^ureireirfmat, vpos 
TovaSe ^(pif rijv Stoirav teal tj}v oXXijv Qtpamfitjv apft6^f<T0ai. 
Tpo^^ai Tf wv TeXe'ws X«rT^o-(, finriirrottri y^pieaSai: koX rp 
tvKaipl^ ■zrpoadcriov vvv li&KKov' <ciil rot's wapo^vfffutvv 
VTrotrriXXetTdeu it iravay Itirptitjn, xal to ^vp/irav ToJcrt mpv- 
Toifft trpovrntoOai \p^. 

'Hv Bi wpoata vpoijiey XP**^ "^^ "^ w^aX^v ^i- aWjj 
lo^ff, <r(KOTjc j(fi^ ^« TO iVi'ov irpoffffaWovra, alftdtrffUV 
a<ft€tB(<ii<i. Kat y^p <f>\t0orofiitii oyirr}at fiaWov, xal t« 
Kufdfua'; ovk aipaipiei. TTporipif t( /if<njyv tSiv w/tinrXa- 
Ti<av Kavi^ TiQead^ i<i &vri<rrra<rty t^? tV t^ tVCy, 

IJapfXvSt) Kori luu tcaraTToaK, rfmp /lowi} aTrtnrXijK* 

* I hftTe Tcntnttd to mbsiiiuM 

fiir >■'. KnncTini changes lixPiTDv 
into tixptfyi o"*! oUienriic in- 

Rnducu f«i7 tDAiir nltoriuiooi into 
tbc Wxc 
' Tlia taxt U *»/ uiiM^iAictor)'. 


np.pi eF.pAnF.iAs 

TOW* S\xap itrri vwniphpi, rf? re t^ tt* rpo^tiji Koravovtv 
luU ^ T^v TWV ^tapfiaxaiv iriipohov. oi yip arpo^ityt Koi 
Xt/iov icivSwo^ fiovvor, oXKi Kal fftypv, itai Swmoirft, Koi 
TTvi^uK. *MJv yap Koi f^x^ '■'" **' ^" arofta \rfp9v atriov, 
it "rijv aprfjpi-qv CnoppUi, ovrt tuv vaptafffilmy ^Vfuriirritf 
Ttov ei ritv iaafihv tSiv fftrtW, omt t^5 iviyXom^iK e'w- 
l^Dvtn}!: e? •nji' toii/riJ! Spijr, ^« ^Wtjpa t^ apnipiry! 
rriifivKe. j^pi} &v fieKiKptyrov i) ;^Xav tyjfiavra /ivari\jf 
Hefcp^ vrrepaipovra iivip t^ aprriptijt « tqv a-iiftayvv 
iyjC^f"'- '''"^^ t^P ^* ** icaTairoiTiv imoupyiff ft i' o 
votrttui' « oKtOpov ir] varaToy, 6 &e airj^iv aw tj at-ttirvoy 
Virfvvrjraij riv re avj(Ei^ Kai Tof avGeptwa, fftppaffftavt 
j(piuv T« Kai irvpiiiv. funato'Tovot Bi xal otBpit^ oicoatn 
OiKwjv « Tok av9fpfS>va irpoo^aWovai ii evpvrtyra rou 
trrofui^ov. ov yap huuniunoi ;^fla* i^ Mtviv riji Tpo^it 
oXXa ^f^irrwcTMf ej xaruvoaiv. irpoaBtaff^iXKa Si viKVif, 
Ktjv Korairivfiv BiXri, hrUryft rrj dirotrrdtrt Tt Kal dy6o)ut^' 
etraviivai £e ^i) « Ti]v irtpioroXliv Tij! leaTawoaiaf Trpot 
&e TOt/riouTi rijv ilpTijpttjv izXtipal «? xlvfivi-ov tiiroirvifiw, 
dX\' wS' ft (vSa Kai er$a toO ^pir/yov Buij'i up^ei' five^ 
yip Kai vevpa, Kal Tevovrtt, kuI ^XifSev (TrtTrpoaOev lavt 

KvaTK Se Koi TO j(^a\apov ipyov SWorf /«v e« iKKptviv 
vaptlrai, Kal ea^i Toil' vtpmtov id tvrepa^ -TrX^pea, *iJffT« 
Si Kal it ojKvv itdyttrrov adpevai, aXXor* H tit KaOf^iv 
ainitiv, Siapp^fi yip ri Teptrri <« Si a^uj^wv. €fBa toy ft 
ftiv rijv Kvtrrtv t^ KaGfrfjpi opydv^ ovk fi/roXfiov \pUaBai; 

* Tha comtnon tvaditi);. il'tta. i« Ivr tayiM lliM mj- ■moniltnf nt ti 

•rtdMlly liiiu1iiiiiiiii)ilc i Hiiil 111- bntli nituml and obvloai whfui 

ihoQfili Kritirrinn cl>iingei It imo ■ii|;;;iMlciL Sen futilwr toward* tho 

JavTur, 1 VHnmil ti'O itmi t-vcii then eixl uf iliu clwptcr, whtr« thia Mm 

iho t«xt U much improvcil. I flal- occur*. 




Kpiaaov lifiv ittKOTrptaB^ t» e)mpw, trpoaevUvai. {vv iXaly 
xaoTopioy. ikirlii £e ftovyTj Kal irdvreav ifiov T^v wapinty, 
teal liiJj Twc fieptatv, ff «iV ^Xiwov M^itrfi. 6 ti rpirroi 

Re^. «'. Qfpairfia irapo^va-fiov 'ETrtAi/Trrrxwv. 

r^ hri\n-^if}'i o\t0pi^ ftiv >J •»rpwTWT>j leariiTrTtoviK, v*' 
i^^^K fia^aWji ^ foOtfOf. cxrciiv 70^ kotc Kal tjitipy fu^. 
KtvBvvtoEfe: Be itaX 01 iy r^irt •mpioSoiat vapofvirp^L BiA 
TaSf fi^ tov Koi iv rinai o^iat ntnayeypairrat ^ eTrtXi/^tif 
f)v ik e? fieKerviv fiiy 7)kti tow tctucoti Stvdpto'iro^, ff he vovtrov 
avpi^ f^iiivaa t)(Jirttt, oii y^ovii] ftovvov ftyvera*, aK\a 
fiere^eripou^t auaviri. fjy yap imvp^^W^ rijv tiicfirjr t^( 
^Xmci'ij;, ^vyyrip^ re Kal ^vyairodinivKti, 

'Os^va fikv Stv <»K Tipovli) irrr'iv tTjriipia iv roivt ;^po»'/'owt 
X<Wf<TOC OKOiTa Si (<! ri Td}(cv rov oKlOpov irpjiicriei, 
TdDl'Sf tA irX«iJva fiiv <Vl two-j awovXijiertKoiai XA*«to(, 
^tKe^iyrofUf}, ic\v<Tftara, j(p{tTiev, trtKvri. raSe yAp ii avi- 
fipviy hwaToxara. iitova ik Ihta Korairniawi Hieia, tait 
vOy ^pdaa. •jrai&ioiai fiiv &v otffi €k hut^Sopi)^, >) ix ifriJ^- 
(os laj^vp^^, fiJW)^« TO irddiK, efttrov, >) itit/iuv, ^ ^X^fut- 
TflS, ij oXXov j^fiov Tiv<K oyijlaroy. irTtXa Si tp[v<fi ftifpif 
StvBivra vavTitiy tpeffi^tf arap wot to tptvoy avK aj^pijaroy 
«tv T^v TWk wapttrdfiluv j(piaiy. ^fivti^iy Si vijy Xar^6va 
wptjia)'! errJ ymrr^'pa tKKp(p,it! vpo^iiXKovra -rh tratSiov. 
ToSc yap TO tr^fi/ta irpb^ f/teroy ptiiaror »}v Se Kal ciraTat 
^ Staa-rpi^iirai rijv xarai yvn$ov, ^ tit yvipt KaX ri tridXta 
plTrreiTcu, itai ^vfitrai: maiyTjTai ot&yff, ra ywa ■^Xa^iy ^vy 
Xivai fuiXBtiaauv, dntSvveiv t« t^? o^m? t& Sidtrrpo^' 

vpijiitK a Buutpariefv, <uf fiii Starrpi^tftau rh iBia. tA 
^i/j(pi 'JTvpirjv i; irivapiMft ipioiirt i) iroXjxM>Kri Tpvj(tair 5»a- 

*) pTyrlyri i>ypfi f lv TourSe, <eat £iu0eli' wptjewv tarn T^f e^ptfv. 
rdSe yap ^vattav ayioya' ^vaat hi Bif^iowi ev\ TijaBf t^? 
vovaou TTotSef. ^i* £« Mtra'tri'vc*!' SwcMn'ot, St^oKot roiiSe 
ToD ^pfuixov KapBapwfiav p.epw ?v, ■)(a\KOv K(p. d. rdSe 
fuv fuXiKpqrefi vPTriiTKciv. ^ 7a/) e'f ij/i€<rav fiw tximti o- t^ 
arofuijftp TTti^ovat, ^ {nrrl\a$ii ^ faarrip. apurrov S< 
^KXeiffia Kai ToBf toD Kapha jLa>(tov, itaX atvi']wto';, Koi i/ffaoh 
irov T^T Kiftt/v Itxa, ipi£<K TV? pi'^l? fiipw a, fuf virpov 
teTcXaaup. treTripioi « TpiToc, ^^Xirt ^vpoTavra i/iov tA 
iru»-ra, SMMmJtraiTa Tife 760* ^ ri oto/«» fyj^iav, irap 
Koi rrt •Tpoaoyripo) rav irapiaBfitayy, oku; KarairtOMV. ra&f 
^j«f UK Trac&iatat' TCiitft Se vir^vii)in Kat raSe ^fultopa. 
aT&p Kol ^^pfxaxa BvyaTompa e; ffierov alpita&tu, vap- 
Kiffffov ffoKffovv, vw^trtos xal vaaiinrov lea, ich! yaKxou 
Koi v«mpto<i, fioipt]^ Twv irporipw c? ^luav, aitv p^Kni 
^vpaaavra hiZovaf rilhe p,iv o>v «9 av^^pctv tov vapo^vff- 
fiou- ra hi <j XtJ^tf tov votn']/iaro<! iv rotai j(pm'ioiai 

Kc^. ^ . QfpaTreta Teravov. 

Nw fioKa j(p>) Koirriv paXaKi/y, tva^a, Xc/ijc, vpomjyiit, 
Sfp/tifv Ipfitvat. uTTrjyia yap ital VKKr/pii ttai rnatvofifva 
ri Vfvpa vnb T$t vovaov yirpierai. irip koI to S4pfia trav 
Kap^toKkov Kcu TpTi)Qi trfpirerarat, tA Tp6tr$ev ei/rpoj^ 
fiKeijiapa fLoyit tolat 6^6aXfiot<Ti eirtfivei. 6ip$a\ftol Si 
areveet, evSe&ivijfiivoi. arap koI ra apffpa ^vvSdBerai o& 
Kivevjieya r^ rotri. cono he KaX 6 oXko^ aXettvot, k^v Sepem 
§, /!>) p-^Xpi iSpanuv, •) iieXvtrio^. ^ axfyieotrijv yap ^ vovaov 




ov yAp Kotpi)^ uftfioX^. etre &v Sta -^tjfif avfv ^avep^^ 
vpo^dato^ yhntno rtravoi, tm eirt rpat/taTi, etrt iw &iti- 
ffXaicti fWMi^, ^>-iffa rijv iw ^kS>vi rafiVeiv. vpop,if- 
6ewi*fyoy koi rijv irUaiv tou ffpa^lovo^ iv rfi Ivthkai, ok ^ 
intatv ?)(w, Kai tjjv rop.ijv dts <wm^ws" leal pijtSif><t '/ivoiro. 
TaS* yap mrtUTfi&i' wpoKXtjoitr tai ivdira^ a^tpkftv d/Ai- 
rptos, fo] ft^XP* ^'To^v/iiJjv Kai w^jM^vfws'. /("jS" or' dart- 
Tuji; etf ^^vxpov tai ^pttv \ift6v- SiCovtu <&v /ttXuepi^ov 
va^iot aiepifTttrjipoVy Ka'i wTiadvtf; j(v\ov fw fiiXtrt. raBt 
yip Koi TrapioOniOicrt 4-i eit^Xt^tv tivovtsTaTa, ital vrofiiayip 
i<! KaTOVoaiv Xeui urol ptjurra, mil ^ iid\0a^iv KotXliji 
paXaicartena, laiX iv Svvafiiv SwarturaTa- rit Se ^up/rray 
triiriji'O! ipioiai KaTfiKt^Ooa hehevfihroiat ikaiat yXevKivigi, ff 
KpOKtvp, iv OK ■} Xiffayanl'!, 7 kovv^, >) aprefttaii} eyijyfrtf' 
•nu. Ktd T& iravra Bep/iit i^ &vva/tiy km ev 6t^iv eant- 
j(pitiv Si T^ Sta T^f \i]fty^(rTiSov, koI eii^op^iov, koI viTpou, 
jcoi irvptdpov aKeiftftarf irpaa^aKKetv Be rotaht rot) kooto- 
piov <rvj(yiiV ii> Si KaX TOVt Ttyovrav ^vWafi^iiyeiv tomv 
ipiotat, KtU 'XpUtv Kai Tti Trap ovv nai avBeptmva. raBt yap 
fiaXurra 7rdaj(ft tc Bayi koI "niru.^ trvpi^v hk kovi^k 
Bepfidopaai revovra; Ka\ Kva^iv, fiapaiTroK £)(ovfft Kty^ov 
•ire(f>eoyfiiy>)v, ij Kvartfft ffoaiy fhaiou Stppiov i)p.vjr\f]p(at, cut 
tit irXoTO? erriKeriyTai rSiv Trvpucp^vtov ■^tapttov. t^ttjaara 
KOTt avdyKTi irvpt^irat *«>^a\f;v, o\ik uo^X^ /a(V aiad>)a(9i, 
Vtvpoifft Si iyaOiv, rdaSt ftiv yap ifii}^t]9 iir aya^op^ 
^fMV vlfxir\r}ct, avirjirt Si tA vtvpa.' ^P^ *^ ''?' t^jottjb 

' Tlie cuniTiion rea>ling. niwi. "we urc on iFio nrcich." Similar 
F.nncrliM •lien to rriivii on (he rxnni|il(« nrcur in Ijiiing ■■."pro- 
•uthoriijr or n I^wIhii U:i. Mnit< 
tuir* holili nii-ii to li' mi cxnniplo 
of «n nclivc titIi inktii in n (xurivn 
rigniQeiiliuii Cc<I.Wi|[Aii). WcwoiUd 
Nndcr ll by lenduntar, ntlnuluiitar. 

raavcnit." Virg.j^^n. 1.104. 

' I hiivo Biloijlwl tho coiijpciural 
arnmurtiirni ol iliu wordu iutn>> 
dnoed bv EfiDcrini. 




hpa ffapvoSft^ fu^ oXXa vXi; fur fvnt IXtuw to 4r 
Kwrrttri OMvuro* iv ^ivX^ ayytt^ e^Btv, ^ oXcv Xevrel 
iv Tfa ftafitniri^. tiyjfpvi lap koI Xirov avipfxa eiv^a fuv, 
&Tfttiiea a wU ^pvo&fui, rp^iroi Bi Trvpii)^' inrtrrfrdaffat 
fief Totf rifovot inrrioun rk vvpuiftena &xfi* ^^ Koputf^ 
vpcavrrifM &i ivi to ffpeyfta fLt) vpoffatMty. roSf yap to 
^(atplov AvdaTji i*iv t^ aurOr'iaiM Ivrt Kwvhtv koX wir« TOv£e 
vaaat al ^d<0'u^ do^XAtc tc letU ^Ka^uK' i}f £^ cvivXa^- 
ffttv 6ep Toi>s T«vo»TO^, 'ripOfv eorw toD Iviov.* avwrkpta 
f^ ft &eiiji, T^i' ice^oX^v wXjjiw*? arfimv tow Xi'vav atip^ 
/utTov Ktu T^ TijX<*)?' €»ri S* TOMTi eTTiwXatTfiaai ayaBif ^ 
o-tKinj ^ TO Ivlw -nri pd^fK eKoripioBcv iariu Bi i^tiSu 
iroXX^ T^? ^Xo^ot' 6ivvT)pov yap leat trjToaftuBe: twv jf«- 
Xtuf T^ ffdoJij* ») dpiftiffKaoK. ■xp'} ^f « Bripw l\x€ty 
Koi fiaXBoKStt fioXKov, *i udpoov ev oXpyp j(pov^. &i( yap 
£v aot mprtoBeii} to jfmpioy avoveK, S^np eTrtrdftvetf J(P^- 
riicpap Bi t7oi r^K aifio^toi t»}? mrpperpifis »J BwapK yvfi* 
a0w. ToSe ftfv Sty roiv avev eXieifov rerdyaiy ji &itfa. 

'Hv a iv\ rpwfiari airacpiK yiyjTat, iXiffptov fiiv xai 
ivatKvtinov Jipi/ftty Be j(p^- fxere^irepoi tc yap itai ix 
rotivht iamffrjoay. ;y>^ wv, vpii'i rfi aX\^ iijrpfiij ical tA 
l\K(a iijiidai, rey^i Beppaivovriav, Utiaa fioi XtXeKTot, Kal 
Wpijj Kal etTiTTXaafiaiTt, i^appaKOKri Tt oxuaa pi/tBiw^ $tp- 
fuUytt TC Ktu iToWay Teijfei tivov. ^tpa yap eirl rerdyy tA 
i\x€a. earta Sir "Ki^avtorov t^9 fidyyi)^, koX mKiov Tq? 
KafiTTi, Koi, pjp-iVTi^ d-ro T(pfiiv6ov koX x/tito? twi' Sef^ewf, 
xal aXBair}'; pl^i'i, Kai irriyuyov xal Koyv^Tji ri}^ fiordytjf. 
rdSt j(pr] wpp-iuy^tv roU iiriTrXfitrpatti, ra /tev tiJsovto, t4 
Si ifiTrdaaovra, Ti &i ^iiv ^\al^ TTpoKtaivovra- iv n(\f 

' The ciiaiiiion rciurmsi vpSiuv bj iba joint Inboar* of Wigan and 
imi tI Mw, i» altered u kIwvq Ermwin*. 



Kp^T^ a Tifv &K$aitfv letKomUyJiy vpot^iv evnniffffetv Bi 
rf» fXc<i Koi Toii Koaroplov ov tTfUKpii &i ^ evOev aKerj oXf> 
T^ <r«ijvei, Srt koI vA pvyta rh airi t&v cXteictv KOKo^Ofa. 
iyj(pUiv hi T^ jtiyaa Tf> naoTopl^ ^v Kpoittvifi Xitrai- aX\A 
lail trtTiiTKttv Tovhe fuve^^'iku 6it6irov iXx^v rptat^oKov f^W 
Se w/jo! ToSe airauh^ffij o trrofutj^o^, fUtnjyv aiXtf>iov pi^ffi 
BtSovat Tip okiciji TO Taov t^ icaaropiip, f) triiVpVTfV, tov aiX- 
^lov ijfiiUTV, iirairra Se (iiv fiekucp^T^ itivliTKtiV. tl Si 
evnopii} oirou tow aiK^iov tow airo rif! Kvp^V]^ ycvoiro, 
ToySe j^prj /(eXiti k^$^ iveiKt^avra, OKoaoy opoffou furfidoi, 
learaTTifly Bi£ovat. apitnov yap ouSe, (w t^v inTepan}v \a8oi 
wapttXXafaC Bpi/tii y\p ml t^c ipvyrfv iir?iyi}^, naKoBfin^ 
^iv. ijv Bi ftfi Svyjjrat &Se tcarairitiv, fifKiKp^rtp \vaayra 
StBoyai. aifavTtev yap rmv tcaTo^oTaiv hvyartorepov, o/totra 
veipvice aXeaiyeiv tc Koi irfpaiveiv, Koi ayiha* r^ Taciof, 
KoX fui\Sdffa€iy raipa, rfy Si fujhiv Koraviytotrt, i^ T^r 
ifSptjy ejr^ewv fvc ^\ai^, to3 Katrropiou. Tyi^e «il i(pUiv 
T^v ?ip^v ^iiy Xinrai ^ fU\tri- TySSe koX ri/y itvtrTty -reyyetv 
re Kal xP^eiv es -Tdyfo^ ft* irtp^ rti^avra. ^v Bi ital ^vaa^ real 
Koirpioy &yeiv mupht ^, Ttfi UpPft Tov jcaffapTtjpiov 6\inii<z 
8vo ^iry ftfXtitp^tp teal t\ai^ ivUyat. ^i/y yap r^ aytty 
raZf frt iiroJ ri $yrtpoy Kol t^c ledrto KoiXlijy itevvpi^. 
iroutCKav yip ko* dfpixhv tftapfuucov ^ Up^. 

Jouil owtry^; etKTt tBiai. ^ fiev aiy BepfLaixi^ xol fteyiiXff 
irpffft Twv TraptaSftioty, Kal i^oyKonn l^ar arap ifoi ^ 
yXStaca, jwxl d yapyapfcDy, Kal iravta ta ryBe f/tepea iv Sytoy 
Aelprraf »J Si CTe^ fv/iirTaKTi"? ^(TT( Towreoiv ^8^ « rb eau 
vUvK, ^vv ayxovp fif&ivi, at? BoKtav t^v ^Xtyfutalyv ttau 



fUff^ T^« KpaZirp (p^pttiT0ai. tjS* jfp)) f^aKlvra iudiun 
apt^itir T^S« yafi ko* atitiiot BvijaKovat, 

*Rv fthf &v avtt KpaifraX']^ ledi otvo^Xftiftv tfiuffi, inro- 
KXv^tiV airriifuip- iWA nwl hivaaU kkvafuurt, r^ /tiv 
^wj'jdti, MS' arffiv lartrpaiita.' T^a hi w aTro<TTTaj}0al ti t&v 
X^'f^'' aiTo ribif i!apitT0ji(av re xai 04>p^KOt. eirrat wv, 

oXX^ ftijre AitpTyrearipttt ' >^ tcarrauptov «a] 

uaawmov k^ifuxra. raZe ycip koI ifiXeyfiaTtov aytoyiL Ktfv 
&i &VO Xevrifi htair^'i etaert, Tii/tvetv ^\e^a Trjv itr ayKwn. 
fiil^ova &i T^v To/xi;i' ir^u^dv, Skok pot^ij&hv ^Se a0poov pip 
TO alfia. oSe yap 5 pooi iKavo-i pikv lUf a/uirra 0epfiai<Tiriy 
vpijvvM, SvraTo^ hi ayj^6vTi» ^wra* koX vdvra fteimaai. 
OVK aytwet he kuI fie^t Xeivo0Vfi.i^t ayeiv, fiif fihrrot X«- 
iroButtinv. fim^epot yap ^vv rf} vXqy^ (^($avov rvi tJ 

\ttvtr\frv)^ip f) Seffftoto't a^iyyavrf: mrip a^vpa 

mi yovvara' aptarov &^ Koi i/rrep KapiroxK i^ mf<(t<K Koi 
Snrip irrj^tiK 4v ^paxiovar liv Zh Hatavlveiv pTfia-ny $, i\a- 
T^ptov hiSovat (uv fteXucp^^ leal opprp ya\ax7iyi, OKOtrw iv 
HaOijpai Uavov rj r&v av0pnrrti>v. tKaTt'ipiov Bk Totiree tmp 
aXXaif Ka0apTt]pimv Kpiaaov ^v/t<f>opoy Be xal Kvfwpoy koX 
roirv. ToiSe yap ap^a rat krcXuk; ica9aipev hri hi T049t 
t^ fit] ivhihtoat at wp^ffiCT, irpm Tov ovpavov AvoKXaaavra 
T^v yKaiiTffay Ta,p.vuv tmv *i" aiirirj ^Xc^da;. ici]v evpofos xal 
iroKkov pvfi TO alfia, t&v aWcav paWoy &v rnvT^ae, Teyf(€? 
^1 rolct ^Xtypaivovai, tA TpSiTa p.kv VTU^ovaai, SiaiK ^ 
fnKlppoiav toxnv oi &Xa*" Ipui r &v -rtvapa fw ol<7VTr<f, 
%€V04vTa oXv(p »cal aXfi^ri t^ atro t>}s eKatij^ Ttj^ SfufiaKov. 
At&P leal ri evivSAafiaTa lK«\a T17 Tey^i, ^'oivi/cfi iv oiv^ 
he&tvfievoi, Xftoi fie pohioiai irtTaKotat. w? he yXi^xpop 

' Although some words ctrtiiiiilj' lucnnn in dihor place, in wy of onr 
apponr to txi wnnling here nntl n lliitiiJi USS. 
■don diiunce beLow, then u na 




k irvijvtv rphnjrtu, vowrt Otpfioifft j(pUa6at, oltnrtp Koi 

jiavva, Ka'i pryrwi) to tij«t«' koX ■mXioti Kifa) ifjenaaatirBia, 
xal iTVpirf Sepfii] cwoYifoiai Sa^i^e tou itapirou Kai, iitrma- 
irow ey^i'ifuiTt, « hi ifiwvTiotv SwartoTorov, ir<XuiS<uk ij 
Kwmy Koirpov tTpoffeirnraaaciv Xarrijy airi itprjaipi]';- Zia- 
KKvaftara hi, ftekucpipoy ^vv tfiaieijt ^ i/ffatuvov e^]/uir(, i) 
l&^Swc, 4 iftoiyitntv, 4 ofMv vdvTtov. €yj(pieiv ti to oTOfta 
vav f**\pt Tr}? iaa> t^pvyyiK, oTrXoifft fUy, — J(y\^ fioptov, 
paiSty vSari \xav9iyTtoy, $ tftoiyUav r<^/i«Ti- ^pfuiitoia't 
a rfi Sui Toiv fiopcav, ij Kai rg ^i}aatT^, Kok X"^ poo«, fal TiJ 
Sm tmv j(e\ih6v<ov. tfv Be fXx€a iaxtipatv fiaai, htOKXii- 
aftara ra&e «tai avaxtrfjfyKuT^X, vaawTrou aipty^fuiri iv 
/UXtxp^oi), 7 avK»v riiv vtovtov ev v&tTt latl irl ToitrSe 
afivXjK Siefftlv hi fuXucp^frw, ^ imffavr}^ X^M"' "J ^pa- 

^tc Wi^o, mil Sypo. *ai ^'pl^'t "^ crapxa traaav, «« 
^^"h 'I" ■•* "'«''• &T«ffov All' d<p/Ki; a^ Teyfier fi-c 
injTUiY (MM ai^l9^, ip,vaaaop,ivou rirpov teal ^TrtirXdapara 
(iv rovrioiat Ti trpaaBey. ar/aSoy hi Ktjptorijy triiv yirptp 
Mil aiviftn rtSiyat it Bepnaahjy. Otpfuuyiti Si ^ «« tA ef« 
ri roUi£e iffrat. irhp ^Se i^oynUt i<t tov airyiva- SyKoif Sj 
irtpitnrvftovbj'i fiverai oriMwpeiJ/ifcM ffw rfffw 5^ TOM't 
ffwesYX**"'*' »^^/>«»'' tatijv oKoaoi hi inr evXaffh}^ t^ 
ivi TV! (TWKovjfij! TTi-iTo* T^v &pTr)pli)y irap-ov « (ipO'jn'Of/v, 
op fioi ioiUovai velpp ri vp^/ia irtaTwaaadai- ^ t« 7^^ 
BtpfioaCi} T^! ^Xey/MKTt'ij! /i*finv ^ ti>D rp^futTtK ylrfvrrtu 
KM wpoortfuapifi r^ trvitl, Kai ^^aaavuf i)v &i itut aXXoi? 


• * 

« * 









Kf0. tj. Ofpa-jreia Ttov Kara ttJv KtoviSa Tradcov. 

T&y -TToSitav OKOva ifi^l riiv KtoviZa yiyverat, tA fUv wipo- 
TOfivdy J(p^t «X\' Qv ToO irapfoyroii Xoyov f/ rwcSe j^fipovp- 
yif T^ ti an 6^a iijaffai. (ir)iZias y^p mrirftt Koi ivawvoi^ 
Tiva ToiTcotf lereivet. Tota£e fUyroi iarl, ^v naSJo/Atv trra- 
^uKijv Tf Kol ittavSa. a/it^ ykp ^iiv ^Xeyixaairj Koi ira^el 
Koi fi^K^i ^vvltrTayrm, off «s t^I" dpTt)piriv ejcfcpe/ieo yiyveff- 
&ai' Xatp fiiv wiij^fi airo t^ jSoctw fUv^t axpov nA ovpavoii 

TOtJ ovpavoO QdaLi' « Zi rb axpov trtpoyyvXt) y«i iraj^eia, 
fi'i' fpvd^fiaTt, ^ -rreXi^vcoiTf rySe koI ara^vXtjv hrixX'taiv 
tayTjKc TO vaOtK. Tourt &y xpf/ diKcox o^ityeiI'. WKioTof 
fop o airo iTTtTD! SkeSptK' 

'Hv fthr iDV veijviat 01 TreirovBo-rt^ euffc, ra/ivetv njc Ar 
aiyicavi i^Xiffa, rjS* aSpoov xevovv fie^ovi t? ro^p. ds; 7Jp 
ijr' d7;(0i7f9 anthvoi t^ irytrfo^ ^ TotijSe a^ipfwr tel ti 
inroKKv^ftv itXvafi^ vpn\il, eireira St SpifUi aXkore ttal 
SKKare, « t' &v eXitwrij rt avasffev et fierwrraaiv. vepixe' 
iaOtacav S« koi Sccr^l fftpiyyovrei aicpotai Toun 0«cX«it» 
wTT^p cfivpa KoL yovyaTa Kal vnepffev leapvCiv Ktu TnJ^^eaif ^ 
^pajfiova^. (i hi ri ri TTFtf i-7ncr7rip)(oi, aiKUT)y cttI to iViov, 
^Se ^9 Tov Bu)p7jKa irpoff^aKKtiv, Koi rovricaV eyrdfiyeiv Tivi* 
vp^ffiray t« airoi-ra, oniva pat eV t^ avvtiyjffj XiXeKra*. 
wiTi^ yip afi^oiv oKidpov rpovov aXKii, koX rotat is to 
<rro/Mt ^pftdxatffi tom-i avreoici •jyxevScu xal orv^tvi ml 

oxaxs HAeoN. biba. a'. 


ftaX&OKTijpiott, Koi irvpiy tj i^i»9tv, KaX hrttrXaciuuri, leeu ^ 
tS arifia ^y^teT/Aam' vtpl Si tov Kiova ij rifv irraifivXijv 
fmt oTVfifta, ^<K ^A«c, /itXtrt ij CSart \v0ttffa aiaueia, 

§1' Se cXjwoSiji: etj, KOfifii Kol afXvKov SevSevra jJoSmi" ij ijioivl- 

ttiavo^ eoTM irXeov t( twv nrravtineptov, StA afivpviti rt ical 
MOtmv, icaX Kvttipou. avkj^erai yap rwvBe nif Bpifiewv 6 
Kliav. fiv he tiMwov oSt o j(&pav yetniTai, fi/ere^erkpottxi rfik 
tA TTfi inrtparrjt ooTta i^&apj}, Kal e? ^Miapoi' ^Olvoirrtt: tov 
3iov prAevnjffav. liavSe ftevrxu Ta iicea irepw0i, XeXe^rrtu. 

Rc^. ff. QfpaTTfia Ta>f Kara t^v ^dpvyya 

tl^ /liv ^uvi} teal rmvSt irpoj raXXa iraOta ri iv touti ira- 
pia0fitotat iirpfit), ir^ Zk i&iij. ivl ^Xeyfiacir} «il tiyx°*'3t 
xXuer/Mt, tpXe^oTo^Ui, T«7f(«, CTrt7rX4Wie9, irvpli), Sia&ctTfiOt, 
iTiJewj, Travra Ttavrd. •}(piaiet &k ifiapiioKCov Swaruripeoy 
ov yap iiTpffiift ra l\xm, ovSe itrxapai yiyvovrai rirnroXrj^ 
aXXk jr^i" !x^p otto toi/t<«c eitrai artist}, toKiara fiev iXjtov- 
Tot ri fiip'J, f^y aaivea §' WKiora Si ciV to eiffu fifterai Ka* 
KTtivef, wpi /liv &V Koleiv tA ira0o^ apw^v, iXV A^ 
VFTov ith tAv iff0n6v tf/ap/MiKOKTt Se irvpl liciXouTi )(p(tv0tu 
ft re T^c hrlff^tatv t^? ve/*»)V(o«, uritp ffie if t!)v raiv cV- 
■)(apiaiv hcTTTwaw. itrri Se ffrv7m)ptt} fw [ieKiri, mjxit, 
fiaXaviTTior, ^pi, ^ ^ifv fuXtxp^ip. toicc Si ainoli icai 
flt^vffjjv icaXafi^, t) irriXf), ^ xat/X^ vap^t Kai dirtftt'iKei, uK 
Twv iXKetov Otr/yiivtiv ra ^lipfiaKa} dpunov Si Kai yaX- 

' ErmcHnt iniroducci mott ex- Kny of llipin. 1 liiie niimly min>* 
Uniiiir, iiltvrMiuiiii ill iIUb yam^f: iliirail q aflcir Iqpd, whEnti llie mom 
bul I have not ventured to adopt otiiolatol/ rcquinv. 



ffwr T% ica&fuifl, xot pijoy ^ ^'^ ^Jr Tin t^fMjS. ^Xdv 
atffOat hi j(p7) TwrSc tA« ^j^'if'iaf vyptUm yap ri 
fXjCfa «at iiii /taXKor riftera*. -j^pr) wr irrtp^ ri {>;pa 
Miran'dVcrdi'' t^ Se ^P^ vyporara trottovra rt to** 70^)70- 
peira ^rfxiuy. ^y &i ai ioyapat >}£•} t< oiroXtwiTiu, ra Sc 
«XdCca tpuffpi ySrfyrfTot, KtMtwot ivrt ^loXwra inraapov. 
hn^ijpairtrai y^ Jk rrarar ri tKjaa, icai roia* Si tA 
rtOpa ^WTtirerat. j(pi) opv ydXtucrt ^w apuK^ nai x^X^ 
irruTtiyrit, ^ rpuyov, ^ Xi'vov tnreppaji, 4 Tij\*« p/Ot^daffetv 
imi irfpaimv. p^ers^tpotat H Koi ^ kuwk Stf^p<i$if pe- 
j(pK ioTonj TOW T^ vn-epcffTt, iroi t^ ini^ja^/ua aj(pt ffaauK 
Ktu ^tYXorrriZof, Koi ^t t^ orreiX^ Karawirttv oj/re ot^mov, 
oirrc ir/pov jjSwarro, aXXA uii 7^ vorov aKixoirTa^wvM' 
aveTTfirfe itore tok avSpturov ^p^. 

Kc^. i'. QepaTreia UAfvpirtSos. 

OvK apffoXijt Kaipi^ ev rrXevpiriKoiat, ovS' vntpBiauK 
fitydXr}^ tijrpettj'i- o re yap n-tptros, icaTofyt iaiv, et S\t0pov 
oppA' t) T€ aoi/y7} ToC fcTreiJu^OTO? fwfTrei/yei eiri to Ka«iov' 
OT^ «o( ^7X^ kXovAiwoi toc 0mpr)im ical t^k KE^X^ir 
vTToXi^uiTi Tae Svva/iKi7. fioXMrra ;mc mv ainiipap ^\€j9a 
Tti^i'Mf ^v 5i OTTO irXfjViOT ffiTtui- <cai ttotAi' ctj, ctt' aani^K 
piTIv ')pipi)v i^v\a^avTa, a^tptuv air ayK^vai rijs ev rp 
KoCXy 0X<^of, TO& tutr' iftv TjV' Mpjiai ■)rKevpp<Ti' Kpia- 
aw ytip uTTuTaru ei7e(t-. to Si wX^ffo^ pt) p^XP* X<*jro- 

' The commoD readini; it tov p^; 
but it ii dtur Uinl th» negalite 
cannot iiliiii4 wiih tlic word; llmt 

meriiw igaxt ««w the JUBcullj by 
mppreadng iho b»t llirce wurda. 

I li;ivo ciTvcioil till! KStne purpose bjr 
uiprciy mpprcHing iho ncKotUc /iij. 
1 iiiivc uiliiptvit bii nodiiig of in' 
in plutc of i>ir'. In lb* Mllie Mn> 

03E0N DAeON, BIBA. .V. 


OD#/ja art-i^vj^Biv r^v '^'f^v iitXtcirp* etato yip ra uypa 
(wSeet, T^ imiit a^ipiOiyra &(pp.T}v re km raatoi. wtv- 
putn' Si /lavov tc KtU OtpfMi, xai r? oXff^i' BuvaruraTK. 
wKevpmy &i yttT6vT}fia, wevfuov, xat Kotveavov dXfyiiav uTap 
imI at TovSe Sta&i^KV ov fiiiXa Trtpirfiyvoyroi. vtpucrtjKoia 
Si -trXtvptTK a-!ro TrtpimevpaviTy;, e{nj$iffTfpov yAp? j(pif 
mv ^i ^vpfUrpy T^ poji T<nJ aifutro^ fietrtffv tov SvOpnytrav 
fvXX^farra at$tv a^ipidv' ei ftiv *5 c^ot, avrij/iap, Trjv 
iiraviaui^ fioKpriv yiffvo/j.ivti'i- ^c Si fttj, t5? iia-ripi)^' ■fjv Si 
(iTjhi i vxtprrht ivS^^' — ra TToXXa 7^^ fiiriv ^fi^prjv o w 
perit r<rx** "" *"' ^^*- — "^ '^P^TB A- rg S^vrip;/ iwarivt 
iufuttpittv, T^ep leaX ra wpoadppara Sariov, XMrapnic fiiv 
j(piaavTa SKov rov avOpamov esi Si t^ TrXevp^ Koi eXatov 
Bfyra fLoXfiaxov ^uv a\fi<ftaTi Bfpfi^ trtfydvou i) uvijOav 
6^)r^}fiMTOV' KaTaMVelv Si to trXevpiv eS paka irpoaTjveiiyi. 
fterf^eripOKTt Si Kal ri dSrftjfia koI ^ ^Xrffuiirii] cfw aiKtiXe, 
At Soi€(etv Twv T^Se ri vaffov eJvav ri Si itm rSiv SvSov 

Tpo^fi Si vvV, ax; apiftl vdvift Iffrpelrfi forw X«70?, (« 
lu)Siv ii aftapTotXiiv tttj. i¥ rpo^^ yAp xtiaerat ra if)dp- 
fuuea, arkp koX rk ^apficuea er t^o^^.* yivei ftiv mv fffpfti) 
KM irfpij, ^Si \(li) Kul OfiaXij, afurftutrioSt/'!, SiaKvTiKi}, 
\vixtu, XeTTTvyai ^X^fta Svvafihnj. aitmv p^v aiv atravrtev 
vturdi^ wpOKwpiadof if ttp}0 piv dv ^^Xii- 8nj5^^i<f >;, an 

*Thijui;li I linwi nnt vrnliirod to 
ftll«r ihc iciu I ciuiiioi but think 
Ih&t wv oitKlit Ut ivAil i) ^'vx'i' fof 
In XiixvSiifiia and Aiimi^xiii. It 
(iinl)' is Ihaughl ibat the ipilil fur 
> limt li'.iti«a Ibd Iwlv — iiM that 
l)>e bodf tcavn the ipirit. In th« 
IIimI, the Bct of twiMining is that 

(IpurribiMl: TAv f Htxt i^xn (V. 
tW)i Upon wliich wordi thK schu- 

' Compare Wnliuni on Fiicnimt- 
Ilia, Kni'^i'l. uf Mill.. 1. ill, 43^. 

* IIip|im:nii. (Iv AliiiieiiUi FiiM, 
1. 1 43S. 

U 2 


fuwnv. iTTtffay^ Si ra ^w^fa ^ ^ovijy kiu 7n>tiU\it)w 
^xipftOKa crirfffTM, tvf yhp afixei i ;^\^ i*owm' ixar^ 
/liv ir/p^rat mu 0tp/x!JMU, Sm^t)} Bi Xvercu ^Xty/ta tcai 
iffktj^ar am Be avofttv ftky diromx Oitoaa irayfodtu yp^ 
inrarftw Si prii&ia^ rtjv Koiktijv. wpo<r'}vvi Se ri \tZav ovrij? 
arai er Karaimxiv fVKoXov. ir^ teal tA y\i(Tj(p<UTtAa Otpfta- 
triiK vpTfvvu, vfUvat KoSatpfi, wiraliett ff^oi, varra fioK- 
0aaatt. a»S* Kpi&^v taat ilprrai- Bfvrtpijr Bi X^'J" ^owo'* 
oi x^\^ot, oXryourt tw* T^e wriffonjc ar/affoiut lem aiiroL 
Spurrot <0»T<v. to y\iffj(paafta yAp, Ti Xwv, to ir^KMn^c; 
^ Kafavoctv, fwov tA S^ oXXa iravra /ifiour ■wwroiija* 
Atfcraf £^ Koi oiS( iirXM ^in" fiiXiri ftovrov. arfoBol Bk km 
Tpar/ot. Koteteay Si hr ain^v Spu^ ^itpTritu, Tptu(^ra*, hrU 
a^elv KaBapatv irXtvpiv fxenOtMv ^ oipfjiraf opiorof Be jwii 
aproi fi;/>ii nffjrei*, Kpfjff^py a^vrjafUvvt, fvKpjfro^, evireinov, 
^vv fieXutp^r^ Btap/ctji; rpo^^. >}>■ Bi ijBi} /tit irpo^ieri ^ 
ro&TW, irpo<t Bi ri trirla ^injwSijmj &y0pwnov, vrurav^ fiir 
in Kpt$ri<i BiSoaBai Xttt, Kiideijiffov St^Oov Si foTft) Ktu aX« 
JTTttrat^ T^ S^^■ Koi «\jiMV XoTTov, dirotov, ayXiaypoy, 
&vpif)(yvTov itpiaaov Si fiiv Tj irruxAvj}, «« /i^ ^roXAof toC 
^Xai'av ^etc. Kal ^Ap ttIov Xtrytt to po^fta, leal t^p iumc^v 
TO eXAtof iiXXiwt- ovSi yiip i/i^vh eri yiynra* t§ ttoXXi} 
hp^<Ti tl< TOC ■^vKoy avairo$iv. (otu S^ koi irpa/jov %vv Tp 
ico/ti; «ai iJ/ii/ySaXa tm^^ fi'i' t^ X*^^ hfroftepo, tvTrvaoy 
re yap ical ^p/ia/foiSe? inro ratvBe ylyverai, teal ra irpdaa 
^pto&^vat inro rov xvXov. ovtjaiifMpa leai riSiirra. ^&ij Si lea* 
aa&v Koiplx! (L';^vX<i>i'" ^i" Si iiyptj koL iroXKii avaywyi) hj, 
Otlov TOW atrvpov ^)iitaa<rt<T0a> kuI vlrpov. apurrov Bi tmc 
uprtTOKoif liiatv BoO^vai « wpbv airvpaiv. (iirb yap ■nji /iij- 
Tpiv f) 0^PfiV> byporipri fiiv wu/wj, oiKeioripti Si ry voaiovrt, 
tictat (K fijuou ^tjup. {)v St ^Xey/xa itoWwSes eij xai ytiMrypov, 



irirwt ifurdaa-tiv, o««M to 0uov Kpiaaov h}, leai. t^ dir© 
•npfilvBou Si Ttj^vra- xai trhrtpi ov^Urrov koi iv wots Kiii iv 
WTWiivjj Kai litrav* rotat eJeo'/uio'i xoi 0x07a ve7r4pei ^w^Sd' 
icpeojv (i/cpOTToSei iv )^\oiiri raicfpol, ireXeutt, dX^KTopiSn 
iif>$ai' ov&y irfiii^aXoi, tnrroX /mv viiv r^ evmXotif aveu 
Si TOVTtov &itvtaoi,^ ^f Se axepj^voi hj, Boreov Kid ffoKatf 
fffevf, 4 Trerpaiwv S rt &y dpivrov ^ y^(»] ^pp. t"? Se ^^ 
afio^<fvi7 eiriOvfii^, fttjSi afitjj^tu iv Tp XcTrrp hutirt) 6 
voae^v, ^api^foQai ovutpifi, /tijXui' i<lt$wv iv vBari t/ itt- 
XiKpirrtp, fj trriaTi oTrritv — aiftaip4(iv &i xph ''''>" Xeirow Koi 
Toiv tvris rptt)(itav fof Tolvt trrripfioaf — i^ ^p^t Sj koX 
tr&KWy. ariip nol r^- aXXij; Soreov, okovov &v § affXafi))^ 
^ airiapt), aXXa koI ow/iaro?. u/i^l /liv aiv Tpoi^i)! Tii5*. 

'fiwi Si Tji vXcvf)^ Kteaffai j(pi} Ipia Ov/J-ifjOJiTa 0eio», 
Xivai BeSiVfi^a, iv$a &vri$ov h^tjTai, ^ w^'iyairov. {we^^ 
Si "rovrSoivt to jrXcujjic icarautvHV, ^Si finir\aTTttv -irpo t^s 
Trpoirapijuxr vpii Tow-t ^vv^Qtai vKairfioai, fteKCKatrov hfnj' 
0iv ^v fiiAiKp'^Titf ^vftfi^uryovra ^>i«#TO? t^? oapKW ^vipfr- 
rj/xivrf^, KoX fiawtp S,\i]tov i/ivafftrttv t)v Si Ufporiptj ^ ui'ii- 
ymyi] nal iroW^, o'jM)? aXirroi' ^ ipvcifiov ^tifua^ttv leal 
vlrpov ifiVturffftV ^v 8e /t^KOC i^Sij TJjs fotnrov ylyvtjrai, xal 
T^ dSvvTf^ «7«eo^oijs, *fai t^pij* leaOapoiot yiyv^iA^vrj^, f/t- 
wiwi" z*^!" Airiv Toc af&payrov «<T«Tdtu' ciVijiri SJ ^vpiMoyttr 
ttal Karf)(pv rolai i-rmrXuaf/Mffi, rjy Si xal ^pvxpwv tSiv 
Tiowwi" tiv(o$tv Toicn Kaftvovat ala6i]at<t -yiyviyrat, S^ot irapO' 
jf&*v. XP^ Si ivepyiv TToiieadai, i^ irdKKov t^v Btpfiaairjv 
T&v ivtvXafffutTtMjv StapKtfiv. Kptwtov yap t/Sij mil ^ 

* Tliarc 1« uiTnothlnK Incxplkablo 
In Uili pikTAgiitph 1 for not onlj' Aont 
no one of 0\B otiivi Kullioriliet [«- 
CWMMnd brain* tn Ihc ircaicncnl of 

V\etaaj, but alto no ono Mt^ anj- 
Uiiiig of ruullne lh« hmiiii iif iiwltie 
in ttuilc cauli., I iiupvct tiic text 
mut bo Minipl. 



0ipft^ TiJT Twv ivnrXairiitiTlov veai)(fMtTU>^. i<rr»a<af S>v 

fiav (If KwrreaiJ' Kovipov Se forta viv firjjfavffixa vi>pi^t, «? 
ft^ ra &)($«a ir/)dt r^ irovfi votov ivStS^ tout{« ^Uitm 
xai ^Tri Tji T/)o^p \pUa6ai, ijc ^werrei'/Ti to |J^')W, 

"Hcij ie FJri ToiffSe Koi ffuanj^ xaipw tcI'pito' a^tfrro? S^ 

decf ai rauooe, o<coo0t irpo iffSofii]'! atrairriovat attcvtil', 
earw &k fieyaXT], fvpua -Travrr), aptipia^uv to aKyiov jftapiw 
ucayij. ou yap ttata ei-StSot to a\70s', dXX' ei« evpov xd^^tu- 
eo-w* 5e «il tf vwh rf/ viniji 0Xo{ iroXXi;, w fiij fiovvoy 
e)ucvaM, uKKi teal aKf^vat vpo ■rifv uiroa^iaioi rov mp6<f 
xoi fiieri Ti}V avdtrffeaiy divoirjffiffayra a^atpitiv alfiOf 
oKOmv ic i) Buvafui vapfirj. iroXXov Be l<rrw irXioc 1) tl 
dw' aXXij; vpoifidatot usro t£c inro<(ovlipluv atfxup(oi<! oXiia, 
^iSijXoTaTij 7a/3 ^1 twc irXcvpiTuruf tj dvo aunrq'i to^Xtiij" 
4\« ii 1) vlrpov hrl toXui trxoufh Bijinucav /wv xai oXtw- 
I'^v, iryitivoy St. iAXi ^vvreic/iaipfa0iu T«)t iwapMit icai 
rov av$ptoTrov rov rpoirov. i;r yap aXxtidt t^v "^vj^v koX 
Koprepov eg, ip.vdcauv rSiv dXCjv, p.)} ainolai roici ekictai 
w? iivT(<i»' -^veiVt r!} Si 606vtj irrtwaaaeir BeBevftivp t^ 
X^irai:, ^S^ evtirerd^etv rip ytepl^. 01 yap ex t^s awr^^un 
i^pei TiSv dXaty eltrt d&iiicrorepot- iraWay Be rav Xiwao^ 
Karatoveiv Xpht S/eayt Tp rrpoinivki rovBt dfi^vyt] to 0X70? 
T^S ^lifw?. Bevripii Bi 'jp^p'i apitrrov rijv ffiKv^jv vpoa^aX.- 
Xtty, a>¥ iK Twv TptofuxTrnv ^Xmyral Tis Xctttot Ix^p- roBt 
iroXXOK p^ T»js hriiTpotj&ey aiKVti'i dvvaip^repoy, iroXXo*- Si 
T^s twanio^ ^vKaKTiKiarepov. ov yap alfui, i) rpo^, aXX^ 

• Tho oommon roitding \» tUwv, m»4t a few morn (dtoiallons of my 
for wliicli Wignn miil F.rmarina own, lu jusliflcntion of wbldi, sco 
projicrl/ iiubiitiiitie nXut-. 1 haro Nonnui, KiiiL § 139, 



irrff^vt^ TiBivat, ^ 8e Iri lu^Afiatov Th -rrrvoKa- Shjrai, 
TOiat leTjfWfiatTt ^ijtCwj* fvvTtj«(v, J) tow ^etot/ tow airvptw 
^Vfifiiayfiv ica4 a^Bts wvpi'tv to ■)(iiapioy ej^iv w? rpoTTO? 
£< <rixi/;j;' e;^ctf wv ^^ icepofteovv koO^ov apfta^ov t^ rXni- 
f^ eipi, ^ TC ^^oXxeoi', irpijv^ ^i rit j(ciKea ati^i&tivai 
Joifft £X/fiot»rt' {nroTi6ittu Si ^\6ya fttyd\t]v fit- Xliral, 
iictfv ^Sxra /; ttoWov Siapxeij ')fp6voV ftif trtpiiT^iyyeiv Se t^ 
yeCKxa TTjjot t^ aapKl, oAX ^? StaTTvo^v Sio^o^'i its i'orw 
a>« /i^ Ztav^taBeji t^ wtyi' ct ttoXXop S^ cfajrKffflo* m* 
^ 7^ i'vSffi' imtvov Bipfitl, &piirTov ftiv irvpifjfia, AyaBi) Si 
wpMXtjffit ihparrrov. 

Xpr) Bi fiijSi T^v Ktint iifrpe^v inrtpop^v, avSpaat /thf ^ 
TO lyrtpav irr/ydvivov f)uuov ey;^VTa, yvnu^t Si xal ^ 
v<rTcpr}V SiijvfKta Si tA wtvafA^va leal naTairora Saraa, /*e- 
XUptiTov f w T^ Tnryovqt, xoj X**^ trrurdvTft, fiv fvitjc^ 
^tjaag, (o« (K rpo^§ t^dp/uumv i^v Si fti} Tpoifit}<; KOipix; tt}, 
torn &] T( «ii Tw*- irotitiXtov vtt^piav fOv /i^Xtn e^^ffiv « 
■TvaTa^tv. Ta« 5< x/*^ ff^aipat fiirftSo^ ouov KVtift^v urpoy- 
•/vXiK ovva^ £(£di'at tnri r^v yXSyrTav ^«v, Sia<f>(poirTa T^5e 
K&Kftae, luf >;i^ Karun-OTOV, uXXA njXTOV ^' irpo<r>/i^ 2« xo^ 
TO Sik Trjf /i^Ktayo^ ^vv fitXiTi Kai /icXjA^^ ifiapfiaKov Xtlov 
«ai xtTViKov. raS( phnot xaX irpo njs apvuK, Kai etr' aiiriy, 
KOX iwl T(j« VTTvtp SiSovcu' oahip Si rh <fiapfiaica>Sea, KviStjt 
Koi Xlvov ToS avippajo^, itai ap,v\ov, leai letavov tov kqkkuKov 
XeioVt iiairrov Kva$ov ical (i/tirySaXtuv t&v iriicpwv ■K(vr€ itai 
€tKoai Tov api$pov tSooi Si kuI vetripioi k6kxoi. ^xirj^h-ra 
Si jfpi) Xfia fu\iTt it &v eicKit-fpa <Pvpfjv rwv Sook pftrrikt/ 
f^Ct)- ^v Si vypA nKil aTTCTTTa avarf^, ffftvpyri^ iXx^i; < 8w, 
xpOKOV fiif}, ireiripioi k6kkoi, Se/ea-jreVT*, fiiXiTtxt ^vpjjvtu Xi- 
rp^ fiiij. ToSe pivTOi i)St) to ^ippojtov xal -rpo riji Sptrtoi 


Scrim-, fivariitafi lifutrv. ayaSov riit Arl nAn ypovifywri, 
evre xai o^vftfXi Si^^voi )({>)}, i^y Svatrvota ^wfTreiyij. 

Wuxp^ 2J DSmp iicovtn TWf iryrpiiv Tourt vktvpnucoiai 
&oaa¥, m/Tt oKoi^ \6ytfi f i'/ij3aX«ic ^«». ovre rp vetpp iritr- 
Tutvau0au ti 'jap rtvfs airi ■^i/jfptni StrtWa^avro to* kiv- 
hvvov, orSe futi ovK ihoKtov elrat vXivptTiKoX, aWa ictu Tt&trt 
vtAau/ripotat itirpourt *S^ t« (w&pofii)'i vXevptTti; ^juxX^- 
OKtTC, p£oX^ tKKptatt ioOaa ^iw vovy TrXfvpoO rvl ofUAp^ 
vvptr^, )} Koi anev wper&v. ro&t fUvrot to viidoi owofta 
fiiv vXtvpiTtSoi, TO hi trptfftui ovk 1<rj(€t: aWcl kqI inAfx^ 
Kort, ^vvtffrav iv irXevp^ &i^v iv&tfioZ km o^wijy Trttvripfif, 
IMK0aKt}V TC $(pivrjV wsl toSc ixoKtaav avSpn i&pm 
wkfvpiTty, errl twk& wk uSio^ ifrvj^piv aieot &y yiyyfnro 
(VTuj^/g TOO ■xpeotUvoV iv^ka6ij piv &v to Biifro^t, 1} Si X"^^ 
irai TO vYcvfia inrn\d$i), ««» ^trn-kEtrirc to 0X709 Koi if Bipfi^' 
eirl ik ^Xe^naviji irXtvpWt xoi roO inrepoKOTov wp^at, ov 
ftonv vSwp '^v](puy, uXKa Kal avatrvoi) ^frv)(pij natcoy. 

TBi- wf ix T^ vpocBfv hfTpfiijii ireptyirfywrTtu ol vX<V|»- 
vucdi, frt hi ffpa^ia 8i'i<ratoai xai Sipnv aXXore <r«i aXXort 
lv)(Il* <'T*iiS*ii' ^^ StaXvetv rdSv tj yap inroarpo^t mtiu 
T^ iyKaraiktftirayofttva, ^ i^ ifi,iiin}aiv Tpkirtrtu. 






Btparila IIip*wytiiiii>vitfc a'. 

6ipa«-tia Aipiroc 'Avaywyijf fi^, 

Bipariia KaptuueJi' y'. 

Oipa-rila iMpat f. 

Bipaxiia BAiDD . i', 

Bipamla rOv Kara ri'Birap 6^tiy raO&v ...*'. 
Bipawiia VwTialac tXifibc *tU 'A/>n)plaf Kitat 

vaimnt IT. 

Blpairtla rtit cord raic NtffMJc 1E<'<>C mimv , . 4'. 

Oipsrda rwv rard t^ Siffriv ^wv raOmv . . ff. 

Oipawtla "Yanpac^ IIyrj6f •'. 

Btpartla Sarupilimie w'. 




K<i^. a . 0(p<nrtia Hepnrvtvtioi/tjjs. 

Kd-nt^v itai iirliaupov lauccv ^Xeyfuurlit ""^ irp^f; too 
WfVfiovo<i, i^ olffi w)^ iXiyoxpovit}. ^ij av ayri^oa i}Si 
4tK(a Cfiftfvat T^ aXe^jfUtTa' rdfiKtv avrUa rat nr' of^Kwvi 
^Xi&tvr rih' aft<t>M Ofia ^l S(fi^ ital dptimfid fiaXXMV, t) ix 
/w^? (ii^vo'i, — «S n^ inaripTj'i t^« X'^P^^ '"'" Ti-eti/wvov 4 
avrloTraavt rStv tiyp&v fj)- fi^ ^iv^i \ivno6vii.irif irpoff-ri- 
fuopUi fhp T^ irvtrfX ft Xc(iro^-up(ti7. dXXa mjv ofUKpov 
avaweva^at, iiTiay6vra jy^ t^c (ioi)v atOti a^Mpttiv. ^v 
yap (f aifiarot at "irpoipaatt^ ttaoi, ai/Ti)v fijy aiV/ijv ^ <p\£- 
fiorofiit] oyef ^v re ipUy/ui, ff d<f>pov, V '"* a\ka raiv Ufpmv 
vpijaaji, at t&v -tpXf^uiv leevmaiei; evpvriptjv ttjv toC wvtv- 
fiovoi TToUowt y^pi)y ii BioBov t^^ dvaTrvo^. 

Xpif Si Kal tcdrto ar/itv ifypa xai t^vatK, twi fitv tftXefiorro* 
/i^S Siaj(pCoyTa tijv ^pftv Xirp^, ntXtri, infydvtp, ffirivg ry 

iirO TqS Ttpfiivdov Tp vypi- «Kri hi T^* <f>\t^OT0/iitJt, tt 

l*^y 4 iwKwn^ €01, vTToxXvJietv X^^V* ^^M't d>Ml fUr 
Vpint rif XiVpp, if jJijTi'tTj Si T^ rtpftivdov fw tw fitknir 



HO* KoXoiaivnjv Bi t^$ aypitfi a* atipites, al tlvtt, e-^i^tlaat 
{df iSaTt, apuTTtu. 

Siivat Kov^i €<i rh /irru^peva Mil riv i-Mnof gal ra 
V7roj(i>vipui irdmi ^ufitfiopot. t^v Bi irw? 6 0i»pii^ evaapKift 
^, Sicai<! fti} aft^l rotat 6a-rdoi<yi to Bififta ^ trtxvi) ofK^t- 
8Kair^ (pfZotiaa. teal rpSe vpouffaXXeiy ^v yip viirrTj tou 
trw/iaroi T(£ w vypa i^iXtntroi ical ri wfVfut ^f» rtrairtf- 
rat, mot irtp i vftv/tatv wlyerat, ivawtuvti; &v yiywotn 
Tov icaxov. irdvT-n yap voXutpidttv -xph rifv trtptvvtviio- 

'Arap /MjSe tS>v &ia inoftaTw i>^\ovvTay iftapfiataev vm- 
popjfv fitjSiv. eXxti yap 6 -avtifuav koX iv ir/ti^ vypov, xai 
^v vov^. ^pp/ixtav BiZovai Siv OKOfra Xeirrvkct rd t^p^ iv 
Btanvoiiv, t)Si oKiadrjpa Kai fvpoa ^ ^iwytuy^v toJ^c vlvdv 
Ithf is T&)(o^ Tt[t wpfXfir]^ Xirpov f w inratoTToi/ i.'^'ipjni, tj 
fX^ijv ^iiv S^l *fll p,i\iTt, fl aimpri vypiiv fi* nOj.tcp'ifT^. 
ifiwa^ffttv a (Kutrry koI t^s tpiSos r^f P^^V^ *«' ■tctripun 
tZroXfioV irap leai raie ^ipa v^irayra fw /t«XjTi BiSovai. 
^v Be avTTvoi coiai Bi ^fieptj'i, ^Bi eypTjyopwai vdvwxpt, Biov 
fitf 6 avBpoynoi fiav\], KaX woiKiXtay ^apftdmov wtmotijcwv 
yptos, ^v uri T( ivtiB^ i] vovaiK, Skw? lau Tijv tdKatirwphtv 
& faiv ifiapfidicav Kaipd^ eirvdtn]. ra woXka yap ylyvtrat 
KapatBea. 7}v Bi tv aitfij) T^e 7ri'i7oi: «ai inro r^ 6>J0p^ 
^p/iattov BiB^, Qavarov av uiji irapa' touti Sij/joTjfft 

Xpf) Si Koi T<i fftTia tiee\a efip-evat, Bpi/iUa, Xeirr^, £(a- 
\vTiKil 'rraj^ioz, afiriyfUi7a)Bai' Xa^dveay, irpdaov, f/ Kopuvo- 
TTOVi, f/ jKViSij, ^ Kpiip^T} iv of<t e-ifrrjffuffa. av(m]pSiv Bi, 
iTTftTwct)? 6 jffXw, T»;? opiydvov »; vaa<a'7rov vpoffXaffaiv, <^Bi 
•trtiriptot KoX Xirpov irXoof avrX t&v aXiav xpvBpoi ^iv fU- 



^ucfy^Ttfi Ka6(^)8(n} a^wra Si wivra iv t$ hfr^tri corw. ica- 
Kov yap mpiwtvfiwuauat ^vaat. ottw irorov, »)v avvptn 
favt, fit) voWov Ti T% <nv^(0« ^^i'. W/cvorrutor yhp ata- 
fidrw ft arv^jriv. 'xph ^^ Tovreoifft apatovf fiiv ri fUpea 
fioXXov. voXXov Be ayay ri imieXa' to ^vfiirav St, ciKiyov 
itrrw voriv Trvevftovt yap reyft? xaicav, avvatev irvcvfKov 
Avb aroftdxov A«t[ tat xoiXiijt. 

Sdipt}^ Si iaieeva<r&io fipiotat ^iiy \ivai, Kal XtVpy , 7J aXff^L 
iptarov Se ypusftA to Stk t^s X(/*vjJ(tt(5o«, irivTjirt ftjpof 
fw mjptoT^ "TPP- '"'•^ TO ^6fi-7rair f^ ayinv koI xr/pk xol 
0fpfiaaii)V Kat Trvevfia. dpijyei leai 5o<f>pti(rK SptfUatv, j(p{- 
«(«;, Sxptnv Sfafuit. raSe fUvroi intiovri ^v (/.if etici} Jj vov- 
vo<t, iveXviarot i av0panTOi. 

Vif<f), p. Gfpavfia AiftOTO? 'Avaycoyriv. 
Tlatrai Si Hiai avaytny^t aXfiaTot o&k eiifff««, ow rov rpa- 

VOV fUWOV, ^V tK ^^iVt, 4 SMffptiaUK, a\XA mff apaiatTK 

^pt}' oiS' rjv dtro 0<opTfKO';, ff irvfVfjMVO'i, t^ o^o/ut^^ov, ^ 
^aroe, twv KivSwahitav aWa ictfv airh KfipaX^ ij aaata' 
^ipti. aifLa-Tot yap ^ fftopij- al/ui Be vdyraiv rpo^, vdr- 
Twv Si Bipfitt, wdtrrav Be j(poi^' icai ^offepoy fiiv ^tiv Sd 
trrifunw oieioaovv piov icaia>v £e, ijv ye cnro ffirXdy^ov 
taupiov KoKtov Se fy/ ix p^^io^ Koi Bta^piiicuK. 

Xpi) CUV Tov IrjTpav tou irddeot ^vveireiynv paXKxiv apr[- 
yovTo. Kai trpSirov ftev yfruxporepav aipievSat ^epa. ^ 
MMnrvo^k, otjicov hritr^v, K\ivrjv iSpaifv, iteoK ttt)Biv veir)- 
Tiu — ipeSivitKov yip at veitrt^ — Koinj Si a^fpti}, ft^ KOffta 
ttnovaa i*i)Si ^oBth}, &0fppaK' 6p0iov Si to v)fipa- ^w)(i^ 

' Ermcrm*, on tlic nuthoritr of Tliv ulli^r rea'lrii); ii rptnmcd hj 
one Pariiian AIi\, rvuU jnin^Goi, Lillrn, iho lurM cililut lit Ili)ipo- 

to «*<rid th« rccumnco of u[i>nit«a. oMc*. tTii.p.lT6. 



Si TOUT* Tovreouri ^ofJMflriu SiMTtXwivriit- tk ifip ifUmv 
alfut 0dvaTov qvk ippmSitt; 

*Rv liv ir«XwM/wt ie<u hr(^\f0oi ttiai, ftrl vair^ (Sep 
*bw7»yJ}? ^d^Jivt^y ^\i^- ^v te yap tx ^fjfio? ^ &tafiptixTtoi, 
tvdpfAotrroi ^Xe^orofiitf ijv re iv aptuoiat, Hot fiij anop- 
pijfi7 TO irX^^o!" rditvnr Bi rijy iv' diyit&vt KOiXtiv evpoov 
re yitp r6 alfut TijiTSe Koi naraaxd^'^Sat ^iSt'ij, xitl ^ 
irXtwae '^/lipai; pteiv iffiviitx: ev<rTotio<!. ivl iraei &i v6»- 
rtav, ni? cttos etVcic, tAv Kcupiiov avXdyjfmnv o6o« f}£e ai/M»TO(. 
9 8e &vtarfp^ rriaBe, itm >}&;, rt7r<w^(5pe fovi, /^cj? ti/v airi 
roO 0paj(ii>vos, H/i^- wtrre ouS^ fu!^v ij avtaripa t^ 
^^i7t ^ Sv^air l<Tj^u. aiZpief yip Twr ajrofrxwiwv, offo* 
crro/ia^y Jtai t^art ^vv^^av ri/v am. f/v Be diro irtrXt)vov ' 
pij), rdfi.vHV T^s dpiartpip x^'P^ "^^ iU<niv SaicrvKtav 
fUKpov T£ Kal trapafiiiTov. Tqvte yhp twc iifTpoiv /«T*f(- 
Ttpoi Soxiovixi ivl awXijva itpaivtiv tirap km tjSe riiv hf 
^Kmvt 1% xdru iari ij ATTOff^w*?. -ri wv irXAv ti irpof 
TouTi JoicnJAois, *tal ft*l «r' (>7KWfi idfivot tk ovtAjI' ; 
/[K/fwv lyilp T^6* Koi eipoot. to fv^irav /itK &v vpoom 
XfiiroGvfiiri'; iiTi<T')(tiv- arAp ftijfii troXKiv a^atpittv. ixavif 
yip teal {} alfioppayiri fviwffai lov avBptavov. ^vvtyht he 
Mtl ^0 afUKp^v &i^aip4atos tvatfiaipfeiy, leal avr^ftap, Koi 
rifi {nrrtpaliK, xal ivi t^^ aXXifs iffrepij?. ^y Je o airffe- 
vimv tixx»'0? *iii Xei'^oj^o* eij, ftij Tap.vety tpXifia. rdit ftiv 
&v ifi^t dtpatpiiTio^ ai/utTo<;. 

'Apiiytiv &i *ai BeafiouTi antpoif iroZStv ^v, inrip a^vpa 
leal yovvcLTa' '^eipSiy £e, vrtip Kaf/nov KaX ^paylova' ratviij 
irXaTttT}, oMVi 4 Btdff^iy^fi iiparai') p.iy ^, aXyiK Si fiij 
^ipjf roiat Bi aifioppayiovai j^fopioiat imfidWftf jfpij 

' Thi* it ttiitaUj ihe proper reading, and noi miiiiovtc. 



fpta iiiv trtvorvra ovrinr^ otto t^? otov rtyyttf SJ xyf^* 
olt^ avffntp^, «al poSir^, i) iwpaivtp Xhrai, ^v Si ^uvejrfiyt} 
^ atfiopparflij, atrrl fiiv T&y tpiuv tnriif/tnat j(piea8ac S^l 
a, ayrl roil elvov. inra\euf)iaOot Si fiupalv^ ro '^atpMf 
ivfrriicfftiv 5^ Toiat mroy-foiffi Ttji axanr/ij;, 17 vvoiutrTiSo^ 
^p^v rwy ;^\d>f, ^ km ^Xoijf. apurtov Bi xai to i/i^taxtov 
S^i \u$iv. 171' Bi ^ reyftc aaijpof |J Ka4 iwr^pov, ififirXda- 
rpouxi jy>etaOcu. mu 7^ to S^pfia ireptrfivovat, Kai olov t§ 
X^ipl KpaHowu irikp ml al Btwa/ieK avriov a-nrfrai xai 
^pyjvai BwaTtStTarai. fivpiat Si Kol SKKoiai &Wai vdptj 
latrt ■jna-rai' apurrai Bi oKOtrat ^fos itrj(pv<Ti icai iT^e ^vX- 
Xuv j^uXov, ^Si Kol <ia<pa\rov, koI thy, koX an/rr-njpijjy, hoX 
\ifiarwriv, ical ff/ivpvtjv, naX ^aXxov xettavfifvoy teal XnriBa, 
icai oitia-(u fouuSe eiri rottri iffrXdaTpoitrr 1} €pia ra Trtvi- 
evra, ^ ol ffTriyyoi ev ffpa\(i SevOtvra 6^*i' fjv Si rijv tm- 
rviTiv TWK ipftrKaarpMf fti} ^pwrt, fviBtfia iroUeiv ^l- 
vucef 01 wiovef iv ofry fiiXavt avartipip SeudevTt<i i^ fia^v 
Tpi$ovraf hrtira aiccuciij i/iwaff<reTtu X»«j xal a&ia' ey 
ypiaSivra Si K Tpvxiov icara to£> 0<opTiKov rWerai. aX^ra 
oiv^i, 4 ofei' SajBfVTO, ^ 0ax^ dtXjjrov Xttttov, Kptfaipti 
otcr^irfiivov, xrjpwr^ ^ poSiv^ fvp^ dvaXa/^ffatwra riSivat. 
/iiayttv Si Koi Wfi^vrov rrp piKl^ <rttrriafjAv7)^. "AMm' 
fipa^vKmv iyputv pi^v (^«v fv if f 1 ical Tpi^avra ii fii^v, 
wapaftiayfiv poo^, xai tcofiiiioj, xal fivpiriytj'i ^paj^. raivSt 
fUvToi ye aX\a aXXoivi ^v/tfiiayeiv, oictat &v uT;(yf»i -r^ twc 
t^pfioxety nai ir/)o<njve/f;v xai itr/itjirtoi Strjrai. j^pf) yip 
Kai rotat KAfivovat \apCaa(r0m. rdSf piv iieriK ffrrei Sm). 

'H Si rmvSe KtupuiyripT) i^ok cV Tolai varotat xal icara- 
v6touti mierat, tnt a7^^i0Ta Twi' rtrpatftivtov (ri ra i^dpfiaiea. 
rptaorj hi Tovreatv rj iSfjj" ^ tow i;(i:Toti( tow ^ooO S^aat, 
^vvayteyg xal vuci twc uyyelmy, ^ to piov iraj^OmU re xai 
irtjfo* <u? / Siappiji, K^v irapcarinvtoat 01 oj(tToi' ^ fijpij- 


fivpAai hi Ma ^ ^w&ktk. «ri ^ ri;? o^oMM-m rii- 
^Xc^Swr 7 <rTVifi« ofMCCC*. Smi^m yflp, w ifipelor vior 
S€V00',* ryai ofKuaxrtat, arap fi&i hri t^i Zuupiatai 
OTv^K f^ itjrpiit] « TT*" fi»i07«wy^i- tow j(ft\fur fU^ovi 
ii jau Rwarwripotat rcMo-t ^tap/ta/cwv jfpievSat. ij¥ Si i 

^UK TOW Ajccv? Td ^/Xca, vea^ptj Si to rpufUt, H^/iSa- 
Tov ix TTfi &MS\itfruK eov, vajor )(pij tov lUfUrT<K, terip 
^Si T^t BiptLTf! iroieetf. axttnivitj fAp rin^ xot ^^ rtrro- 
Toi o poat. o^Kprjroir fihr &y tomt* dpOMivt uuaih* ^ vjv- 
iftw. oiiii yip mi&i atfta anpfTOV i<m ri ^ov, liXX^ rovSe 
4;(eiip S«A fffuxpwr tw ffrofuwr ncoi TOvSr ov iroXXot! ouSe 
«-i>XXaKi« XP*"*' ffen^ipotai hi koX ij i^teStv iip-ptitf 
arap «a) ^trutuv tf Kcparuav eim&'iftetv S^fnjfta Troffev, ftov- 
vw ifpKfce. larta Si ro o^«¥ oiWr ^i^ tm^ otv^ovtwy r^ 
Y^'^cfi ct ;<(7 ^pfioietiTj Si, aXKi t^ j^r^ Spi/itS tc vol 
OTtHf>ov. eri S« ''^o't Sta/rraaefft tAv TptoftAntv TtpiK t^ 
o^vxfnjT^ f<n» ^pfta/ea airKa rifr irpoon^v, a^vuvyXdvawOT 
X^Xot, 4 voXvTDvov, 17 (repi&>«, exnarov /m^ «-po« tw aft»- 
Kp^n/r ^k 5' ^J /^aXXor ^cj, tnnKtcriSix;, ij uxo^iV fijpw" 
iftnaatrav, h •/ Kva0ow tw ofwtpijrow, oX«^ tuvSc Spay^ 
fiijv filnv. dpurroi Si km u^Xot Sfufiaxo^. ijv W icpiffmor 
4 ^p^ph T^ 70'i^iu, xifittSa Xeiip- wat jSirrow ^i^i;!' 
f^p^v, «i( X/dov T^k ^f nXo5 xovpaWM*- X^i'iji- fqp^ ^/*- 
vaaativ. Sifvarwrifn^ &i roivSe tow pijow ^ ^($», efn^^, 
^p^vat, OTvyfiai, ri vdvra ■jrotr/aaf arap Kai ijSf ^w t^ 
ufuKpiJT^* fiovvai- ^v Si fif^ovatv apijyttv ypm. Tolat yvKcStn 

■ PctU WM tbt flnt to ronurk, that ilw cnnunoa rewllng. oiSlp, ii 

oxFjiN n-veoN, BinA. b\ 




rpu^oXov, e? KvdSow tow iiypov Tp<« ^ reaffapa^:. «ri Sj 
Tpffi Sta^paitTevt roT( oX«u« ^c itttarri tnv^iv iftvoUfiv « 
Vti^fav Tou tiappiovrin etifiarov Ka\ rotat itynixivoiat oitm<t 
OTTO TioKKov 70V Tpd>fiaTiK fivaiaiv at tfiXeffef aXXa tatl rd 
TrtroftfVa forw Kparaia, Svvara Troiijaat irar/ov. ^(I'Xof euc 
Koptdvov ^itv S^i, ^Si Xayov Tafiuroi, 4 veffpoii, i} ipi^v, 
n't iroXKov Sk Z^ovat. cKTEife 7a^ kote rovrAgf -n t^ 
irXiJ^ei' (i\\^ Tov /itv X"^'' ''^" tcptdvov fit} fieiov ptiv 
iflwcvaSou i'i rpelt fov ^vicpijTOv, T7Js 5^ To/ttirow o^oXoi 
fiiy Tpew, TO hi irXe(o~rov o/3oXoi S'. ^ he Tit tomSe eiJea 
T^« 4>opiiv, KO* 7»} apiimj 2'apia, *«! itrriip icdpra Xcuvof, 
Km '£/)rrf>taf,' xat ^ifurrt?, xat cr^paYK ^ Atitivir}. tov- 
reu^ Sc oX«^ trrafffiov, to /icto*', ■< «. Tpe« 5^ to TrXetoToi'' 
^Cv Ttft Twv e^fMTTO)^, ^oiviictov, i) KfpaTttav iidihifiMv, i} 
pi^Av ^tmer ^v &i rpti^yvT/Tai ^ apTfipli) Kal ^l T«i>Se 
^^a^, atpaitp r^ Kpi;Ttxci> f/ivauffftv raSe, apiarov tv 
'Xfitoffiv aprripij)^ Kal dfivXai ^vv Totat SevdtK' ^vv yap t(S 
Xfiif} Kal TO itar/tpov Icyti. tfv p.iv eSc pirj ^vvivdyrf 4 
^pi}, aira^ t^s *ll*ipVi ^p^ "^f tTptHTciptrttn Bortov fjv Si, 
Kal Si/t teal Tpirov it t7}V eoTreprjv.* eV Se tSiv ^ap/idictov 
Kol KaTOTTora ttoUuv ^pi>v (v fU\trt i^0^ tV autrratrtv 
KtjieU X<i'i)' apKTTOV Si Kal pow « Ta ^^a, ytyapra, Koi i 
O^vXaviiffov Kaprii'i, xai iBiji tKatrrov, itai ^w^- TtiSe /i^i^oi 
Kal inrh rp yXiinxirg ej^ttv ^ to BiJ)ViKii ri)? awn^^tot. 
arriip Kal xop-fit ^vv Ty ^irr^ Kal rpayov t^« axdvBi}^ r!t 

*In tSl iho MSS. and cdltioni, 
tlio wotda tai 'Kpirpiit como in 
dotwvtn llio Siimliui «aith, anil Sa- 
minn nnor. Thai they hnto been 
iTaiiipoiei] hj inulake. iuu«l be 
qiiil*. uhvioun 111 unr one wtin will 
teiul (be account ortliew *ulBlanc« 
i;Wmi by DioMoridM, U.U. v. Ill; 

and Qalcn, do Simpl. rili. t. li. p. 1 18, 
ed. Gwil. Oil ihi.'^n nivitirinui i>tuthi, 
Rco funlicr, Paexi:* ^ICniicKTA, i. Hi. 
pp. 83—85. 8yd. Sot. Kdil. 

* I hav« VKitliiicd 111 (Tsii»)iaii« 
ihc ncgaiiic, ;i;). from the Mpuiid 
cIbdm uf thi> iciitcuce [o ilic lint) 
the tcnte absolutely rcqaiiing It. 



np.pi eEPAOEiAi 

haicpvuv^ 'TTOuciKan' hk ^p^iaxmv f-vpii] fitv t} irdprf, iroiitiKat 
a Ktu XP'i*'**! rpoxiofoy, tow Sm -nj? Aiyvvriai djaivOrtv, 
KoX tripou it ijKiieTpov, Koi oXAou tou KpoicatSfo^, mv ^ 
VKfvaairj I6i^ \f\(Krai. 

'Avfu ftiv &v irvprrtav aTravra ToXfUtiv htl rotai ^ap- 
fi^xouri, Kal voXKa xal 7ro\X(«i9 Bi&ovra' ^f St iirtirifpe- 
jalvoxit, — tA iroXXa icai eiri rljat ^Xeyfiafftfjffi twv t^m- 
(id-Totv yiyvovriu tn/perdi, — fi^rt aSpoov ttr^ttv t^v ^opijv, 
p,TiT€ fv Tolat vapo^afioiai ^apfUtKa WTrlaKuv. tnSXoi 
yap vKo TTvpetSiv Odaaov SWuvrat ^ i^o r^? tov aiftaro^ 

Tpoif>al voiKiKat xol ti}v tBetiv OKota ra iftap/iaiui. aritp 
Kal ra ^lip/iaKa if rpo^^- ovrt yap eirl fuf} fiovyjj Airavra 
evpetv Ta Tpo(f>i)K ayadk ewropov, cure, ^f /ikv otiy fioinf/ i^ 
lr}rpfii]v apKeti, f»ip ftovyji j(piea&tu, &m tw Kopov (tTjiZiov. 
Koi yip ri iroiKiXa eiMetv,et H) ano ^ovtoi/ yvyverat.' ftrno 
Sv anH^t^ra Kai it Bvyafuv i^v^vaa- arip t)bi «s St^if 
ffipftrj yetp aifioTfK vpoKXijffK. ^(ovZpoi vXtnoi' Spv^ « 
i^vKptjTov ijf Si TO S^oi ^^xat i/ivoterj, ^mvikwv fyfifjfui, 
apToi oTrrbi, Kara^Tipoi, kottci?, ^5e Kal es aXrjrov atc^<T' 
(UvtK. airMiTtuv S)V po^fta ^w \iWat' Svfi^pij d\al ^Sin-- 
$iU7a, po6<; i-n-iwaa-fta. ifv Si Koi yaplaa^ffai ri Kafivovri 
(0i\r/t, Koplavov (trrot it '^Sovl/v or<i> ^i\ov, ij t* TWf tiipj]- 
TiKtiiv ifii timvooiv irtTepfiareov. ^SKOt, tjv fiiv t) alftoppayirf 
eirei7ij, fi* apvoyXdurtrov X"^' 7** 2* /*^> ''^v X"^" ^<^t» 
0et6M. oil yhp evTrcTTTov ovSe irpotrtvit fs ytvotv. jfpij Si 
Tovreowt tjittara vavrav Svo-ueina SiSJvdt, t/v Bi ef 
alfioppayiTj^i Oava-rov opptoS^t, Kat arepiri'i leai SiiinretrTOV 
rjSi amjvia i'orw to a<ii^ovra. k7}k\^ Stv ^pi], Xci'ij, trpofft- 

* On tbit rorm of clrcnnilocutlon, 
M« below. Morb. Dioturn. CuuC 

■ ErnefiDB, in thii scntguot, hu 

Miirnilcil the text tnoel fvlirilouily, 
by B few slight nllernlionx O, rin- 
jiia li tier The cummun reading Ji 
4^q li (tir) jgmvlaiy. 

naE£iN nAeoN, diba. b'. 


(uv poi^v fft&lourt, q KfjKi&i. ^t iarl inr ayayiei}^ iv ^ap- 
ftoK^ Tpo^ iroTov Si TO ^Vfxirav iXiyoy eorac f'jpff yap 
iutirp irfpw d^vftjiopoiy. roidit fiiv, trnh^tu ical ^v^ai tt 
i6iX£iK' ^v $e va)(yvat Koi at/ut xal irftv/ia, yd\a teal 
SfivXot Koi \6yhpot, oXXer* /ikv ^iiv apvX^ aXKorc Bi ^vv 
jfovSpp yaXa' it TT^fiv Bi ^ ffvvraaK ok M /Jo^^/ia vypov 
^. ^v &k cVi fiaXXoy ira^rai leal ffrtrifrat iSAji^, oi j^ovSpot 
/iiev fvc <^lvi^i hp-tii7$taaav es Be tjjv avirtaaiv, &p,v\o^ 
&TW, Koi yiiXa, aptvTOV Kai, if>a.p To TvppTjviKov, Tiayir eof 
Koi yXia^ov, leat KoXXiuSe; fw' Tiji ydXoKTf'' ra/uaoO Bi 
ToO ipi<fiov irfpowi roici «i(nj/ia<r( Trpoarf)(iety i^ 'nlfn', 
jiMUf fTfi ydXaxTt cc vA>u Tvpov fi/oTocii' iaj(fi' va)(yT€pov 
&k Tovriav, K^^^ptK i^dti'i ftic yaKaicTi w? t3 ^^, ital to 
eirmairjw »} Kt?«i9 ira'i tg ffi2(a, TtKp.atpta8ai. &i Ttt? ff/t- 
/terpiiK TWf ^paivovTiay v 7ra;^vdiT«v jcal T^p ^<tj^a>Zia 
ToGra, i/mpffoXg t€ ^Tjporijrof fifrf^ipoitri vpoirippij^e 
Ti( ^Xc^cK. iic Be eP irptiasnirai fttv," Jax'!^''^ ^* "^ "^/^Oi 
^ TOvacTKi ftK TTpotraytoyiyi t} p^a^oX^' Koi /tr/Bky &yav. 
^iXotrrpotpa y^p TttBe Kai iiaKO'i$(a. ■jfpii Bi aapKovv ^Btj 
nv avOpKTTor xal ris oiTetXot ^ to inripov ayuv, altitp^, ^ 
Tpi-^€Ct puXOax^ai, TrepioboKn, Bvp^hbjrrt, rpoifi^ ttimki'Xij 
KOI (wr,0ti.^ 

* The /«■ erf the BomKni wm > 
rarict; of tlio >p<ilt. Sua Appendix 
to lira Edloburith T^xkon. 

* I h«Te wniured to ro»il «p^»- 
«qTai ilUtmd of rpqaqriti. on tlie 
■ngC0*tl0n of Pciit ; and to add li 
oa 1117 own nuthurilj' — tupfiortvil, 
IndMd. by ihM of ilic Lalin traiula- 
lion of Cnuiitf, 

* Emii>i>iiii lioldty change* triiipiv 
to aripiiv, n woid boniiiig no M- 
•miUKace whswrcr lu ilia una in 
lbs MXt. I prafor iMviog nmiurs 

u tliej are, nlthnutch I mnat any. I 
bar* a strong wish to cipungt llie 
words rdf aintXaf attogulhri', M 
Inking quite out of plarr. Our an* 
th<>t aocma to mjr, that in lia-niupiy. 
na il i« B good tiling to )>ut flesh 
und fu on tbc patient. Of coiumv 
n^flit is inlvudeil u Ilia Ionic of 
triapo^. Wlgon iitci tov trSpoir 
iniiciid of rA mipir; but I am not 
awnre thai tlicro it niiy uuiiiorily 
for ihi* imn being spplied to k 
cicolrix in tbc Ucahy poiu. 
N 2 



^ftTTetrt), KM, 6 JijaipOT ir^iaaBfj weutito^' f^v he ^xaraXthrif- 

leai yap icai eripwv htahij^isTai ') ^op>), irtfA rij^Se fiivrat 
iy rotai xpoviatat "KfKt^iu, 

K(<f>. y , QepaTTtia KapSioKwv. 

"Ek o-iryKow^ fia\a j(p)} tov ijjrpov •jrpovoutv eirinjSfvetir 
fUWovaav fiiv yap fjv irpoyi/^dxriCTfi, rd re ■Trapeovra hrta- 
wfi^yto<t awepyoUv ow,' orap T/Bi t^Xaoii &v airhtv 
vplv ^/cetf. TTapeovaay Si ov ptjiHtov &iBptji7Kovat ot yo- 
o-«ii-Tfi. \vaiv yAp tj}? if>vaiov t^v avyionrfjv e\t^- ov 
iraXtTtmtK Be ^vatt \v8ftffa. Tqvhe Siv /uiXiara fiiw 
fiiWovoay icaiXvttv f)v hk fii}, aprt apj(oiifvr}y. vrpoyf 
yvaxTKfiv ht j(pi} Tourt iv rotat afi^l twv i^&v volwui' 
\e\eyfievouTt, eiVrc t^v ahiiv, arkp rfie KaX ih irtjfi^ia 
itf>pa^afif6a. leatKTOi: /tiv yap 6 Trvpero? "PX^- ^^ ^' ''^ 
Kava({i leaKitrra trij/iiju*, fijpoTij?, aypvnyiij, 0gpfMffit} rw 
irrXdrfyriav, Sko)^ avh Trvpm, ^t^^A Si t& ifw X^^^ "^^ 
iro'S*? aKpoi ^ir^OTflTof uvaTrvor} c? iXidiy iMKpij- tro6i- 
ovut yap ■^vxpiiv ^ipa, oUvficfV iiciTviowri tnip. a<f>vyftai 
fUKpol, TrvKvoTaroi, Tpo/itiiStf^. 4k TuvSe uv rtKfiaipOftevo^ 
^8" oKOtra fun ev tomt* tnjfijjtotffi XiXfiertUj avriie i^ »pX^^ 

'Bv &v fifj Ttdma KQ>Xvr), i^K, ^Xikit}, &pjj, i^^vj^tt) Tow 
AvBpcoirov, Tafivuv ipXiffa' /njv iroXKdt KcuXvp, el? Be nt 
iptS/Mv hrUatpot $, onotov yX&caa rp^fttj >cai ^pij mtl 

' The eomniiin rttdins, vwipya tit siig^ esu ivmTiay, Simaia* h4i 
tvvto, it «riduitl7 inaillBiuibti]. Po- av I'ut 701. 

OXEilN HAOnN, niBA. K. 


ftfXatfa' ^Se rot fiip ri tiaw trdvra <nj;to/c«* * ^uvreKfiat' 
ptc0ai iii htl vaai rfji' iwaitiv, et ftrj irpoainjvSiiKe « r^f 
vowov irovoii- Te Kol Siainj^. oiSe Tfip oijSJ h^B(i>} ftovroi', 
oAX^ Kol irvVfL ffv 5" UTTO wXiJ^eo* yifVifrat a-vyicoTn), koX 
^Xtyfiaait] rtt um\ovhpiov, t} rfiraTO?, t*eya SiacTjfiaivij, 
ovSi ofiffaXiit j(peo9. Tii/ti'eiv hi t^v ejr' ifKUVi, t^v KotX^jV 
thip ^Bi Sii iTfiiKp^v rift a)^riaio<t wpaipiay, 4k M <^^oSpa 
tJ Kwdfiet «rffiijXok ^. iK^x" 7^ '^^'' ^tiirtv rh a0puov 
Kol voXKor T( /KMV i) St' aXX<i« Trpo^MHtaii a^ipitiv. f^v 
yip ^i avyKOTrrj leaX a/uicpov afiapTifTj, prjiZitDv «W pSoi/ 
rpcirti. avrUa ^r atSovai 7po<f>tjy «'s vt6)(fi<oaiv Ti}s Swd- 

Xd! T^ TMl" TTOTatCMilf •7Tpoa0i}KS. 

'Hv Be 0Xe/9oTD^tijf /iii' ^ Siii-fl/M? avorphrrj, tfiKFfiutaiat 
S( ewai, oiKvijV T^Se irfJoo^SoXXiti- ttoXu Kpoa$ev t^s «fi(- 
ffio? TOW vaa^fiaTos. ev KpivipMiai yap ij (Tt/yKOTri)- eTrel 
T^ffi airejjffi vfpiihoiai a'% re ^ivut Kpivovai, a! re vovaot 
KTfivovat. te^v yap c? avdyietiv olvoTroalrtt ijitji 6 avOptDtrot, 
ou icdpra da't>aXev sttI <f>\eyfiov{}iT* olyoTrcrrettv. olfw yap 
^iKeyfiaivovat fttv irovrav eiriSotrtv, ^XeypMvrotai Be ifivaiov 
av^iTK. hrhrpoaOfv hi rijs atxvt}i;, itpo ftifi'i ') Bevripiy;, 
iwiir^Aatof ;ywD4, es re avfaiv twv ntpiiav, drap ^8e ^s tii- 
po^v Tov aifjMTOf fierf^eripoiai Bi Kol eirl Tp aixvtj e? t^ 
BeirripfV iTrnrXdaattv. earoy Bk Kai TpSe tjxiBio' KiyBvvo'i yip 
wvTo? ToO ar/xaTn; t^v dfi^Tpir/'i xal ciri Tp aucvji. KXvff' 
(louTt Be ^( tTKu^aXoiffi, traXaolat /loDvov ;^6o'* t^9 Svvd- 
fUK Be ^I'Seo. 

*In ddi cliuHo I )ia>e rDimJ It snt. The laniniiiRc wciiilil Mppcor 

necMM<7 *o roUow the conjectural to be imimtcil lTt>m the Ilipixictulic 

smciKtnlian orPciii. which iiodiiplctt UvuIm I>e Muibli, iii. 6. 
obu by Kmutrina, nlitino annulatunil ■ Thi* U cildcniljp tli« tru« nvd> 

oil tliin panose uro hJshlf import- ing, and not xj^ot. 

nEPi eF.p,\nF.iAS 

T^fi« Kf^takfy; yfrv)(pal, oxoatu ftot ^1 ^pfnrtKOtvt 
XeXi^rat, oxati eifieTpi'jii oXiyifi f^^- KaSapov ^ijp, ^frv 
j^WTtpot, it aftiintwriy. ^(o« repvatXij, ipvntv, ypa^^, 
iSaruy, As &p^v$ai ri vavra ^Bfw. XoX^^ tmi' vaptitntm 

dffapifi if (ff^X^s- tuaSijatv. Arap nai tw*" rpfi^rrttr 
faTxoaav otTfUU, aX^t'rwc ^i/y C&a7i S*vdivnar, t) 5^fi' ipnav 
0€pfMv vtoirAmov otv^ Si ft^ xafira xXuftnv oro/ui, 
ft^ ifia upyttv. 

J7oT«v ffawov Koi awe)^ia^fpov ^ roitrt SKKoiirt' rpc^if 
ivi iravav fifUprjv kov^^, evreinot, to woXXi viruiSip; ^&i 
Kol ijitia, K^y fuKpoy j^fiptitv ev. row-iSe yap rAy dfXXw** 
fiaJAoy j(api<rrioy. oy^ iJKcoTa yap rm vroftaxv « ficXvaiy 
1} voOiTOf ifi/pvytt. aatrla Se, ^ 'XifttK, inJSa^a. iVai^ 7^^ ^ 
yovaoi ra -Trayra Xat^v^ai. ^y H ijin] fiey ijSij ^ vfpio&o^ i^ 
KplviV, venh ti K\')i&a Kat fiert^nroy t^'iyiJ, «al Sxpta ^v^i, 
oi^irffiK Si ofiiKporaTtK ijBi TrvKvora-ot, onotov ipvwv, 
ifwipii TOV riyoy, /iiKpOy n apa Xo^Seik j(pi) ahtav, Koi 
olvov iyfpy&i &frTfa$at. j^t) hi we^X^f -iTporjtT^aXiaGat 
Tty^ai, >ihi Tijf KV(rTtv. 'Kiktierat hi f*oi roBe ri &K(a ivl 
TOiffi ^peyiTiKoiffi. BiSovai Be o'yov fitj ^arhoy, fi7}Bi H&ifv, 
(ifre^trepoi tk ttXtjap^vrj^ aKaipi]}, avape^iij re, ical aSpav/ji 
TOV ^aiyety re ical irislv, amiXovro' troWoifft &i, ko* rvvi' 
TOta't iovat, XeXv/iAffv ffhr) Tt^t ^vmot, oijisey ri TrX^0ot rft 
TO fitj ffavtlv iipicffff, ct fifv rijv yau^epa KaTtiivrtov twv 
aiTiaiv, oi/K acfowwi' Si « rijv Bvva/uv airo ti}? icoiKiijt. 
ftrriu &y airta fihr voiKiXa, tA iroXXa atrraSea, ti? pvft^d* 
vetv fiSWov ^ fiotraadaf k^v arepea erj, a\i<r$f)pil yiyt4iT&ti>. 
oih fir) Kiipra ^vvtaraiTa, fiiB' ovrA Ska, rov artpeov yviwa' 
'^/tol fi(<i(3po;^o( oXvtp, T« vpSna Stpfirp, hw 1} rpth' em hi 
roiat TA leiivra ^i^xpi, ^y fii} inroi-Kovpiayat ^'Ke^futvtU' 
oIkk €^wSi)?, /t^ Kopra arv^oiy, vaxyi he (u? ijiciara. 'E\- 



Xi;fix«( fiiv Xios, 4 Ada^to^, iicovot rt £\Koi ytjaiiyTtu 
Xnrroi- '/toXwc Bi, Sovpsvrivov, i) ^ovvSavos, f) #aX</«vo9, 
^ ^tyi-tvoT, ^f ftq a<^&pa irrv^- irapatTteaffai Si Ttin^ 
Tov napra vdXaiov, >; vtanepov- SiZovai Siv, r& vpStTO, 
$€pfihv, fiif futov ievd0t»v rtaadprnv, irpo t^ nplffioi, ftr/Bi 
ia3Tv\7t<; vXttQV, Kijv nhroTiK h)' ivl Be twv5« (titwv BiBovra, 
€1 ih T^ ^>X<7/Mio-tij« iraptjKot, av$K ^^vjfpov opfytiv, onreus 
if OKOv Si'^co?. irpoi avd'Yin)v &e, ft^ fiivov fiiv, ^iiv trtr^ 
Be' wpowtpj/ptiaOat Bi 'Xph< **' f*V d'^iv ^pfvStv i oTvov 
Toieirai. Kai <vi roun Bi <rwavij({tv- K'lv ix Biaardaio^ 
fvBeiv 0e\ti, f)<nixh vpocraKrei. ^v Bt vouXii^ fiiv iBpiot 
iitphf, ff^trf/ioi Bi "TTpo^ oxif^fftfjv, o^tta Bi i^iuv'], dOtpfia Bi 
Kol tA ffTtiBfa, BiBoytu TOV otvov okovov &v Suvj}Tai, •trieiv. 
fiovvoi yap oIvik eXTrte /? ^<i)i}v ^fj^tr. koI olvot &v 
^uv^ff^-; et ctJi, aWore ftiv iruiy, dWoTt Bi av airiov f uf 
oiv^ tftarffty. ex Siaorijo'tov fihr c? dyairavXav Tej) Kaftdrov, 
Tou EX re T^ votiovv Kal t^$ Tpo^t. iv yap trfuxp^ rij 
iVjvi fur/eowi Kapra Ka\ en\ rp iBtt)Br}. j(pij S>v aimiv re 
dXic'ievTa koI (v$v[j.ov ififitvai, Kai riy irjrpov fTreai fiiv 
■7Tapaipdv0ai ^< (vvXTTiuriiiv l/ifieyai, <w Bi dpr^iiv wotKlki} 
Tpo<f>^ Tf ital o'yp. 

Xpj) Be icai t^ aX\>} nfrpeii] ivepy^ j(p{fa0at, es" Te T^i" 
Toil' iBpmrttv Kadf^iv, Kai ryj SvvdfuOf ut-utrraacv <« to §w- 
vrvpov ea7t» iSv eiriBtjfut tw Btopjiiei es Tii" dpurreptiy /ta- 
trror, ^ivuct<i iv ttivip Xctot, ^vv dXtiy icaX tuurriyri, tctiptar^ 
Bi fin- vdpS^ ■trenotri^KVj) dv(iK^^6» Td!Bf Kai i^v roBt dffij- 
phv yiyiTiTat, aXKo iirniBivai eiridtjpa, fujXmv i^Xovra tA 
eirepfta mal on vep &v akXtjpov j5. OXtitravra, ^Vft/i/ayetv 
dXifiiTotfft fiiritBeffi. iTTura if^iv6iov KOfiTiv, «ai nvpfrivfj^, 
^B' aKautirit, Kai fidvvyyt fftnjvfUyoiV, ^vti/iiayetv Ofiw Bi r& 
vdvra ^vpa/fama, nwjpwrp dvoKafi^dvfiv olvavBivri' ^v Bi 
i/ith riavSt fitj XtryTjTai o IBpoK, Bft^oKOt ^Xo? etV tf)Vpt;c(v 



^Mrrtffth,* Koi oKaKiTi, Kai Ko/i/it, ^ii ^oot rh ^&u&^i4»', icai 
a-nnmipti], xal ^iV(x«v, *al j>o&a)V j^\oi (fnrvoof' Sfta 
irarra vapha tc koI alvdvOrji t^ Xhrai, ct t^i* Bwp^xa 
rtffivof *al yap riBe ^/i^;f« t< lea't crri>^<. xaToxtiafffn 
Bi iv i]ipi y}rv](p^, fhe Koi vpo^ apKTov oheiK- «l Si xai 
cTi} avpti ^opiov -^xph ^''"'tiovffa, ^otyp^oet imkw K«Ka~ 
^ijora 0vtiOv.* (OTM Si koI e« Vift^rac Kai mr/ili xai 
KeXapv^ovTav ix^ovi' '«>^ 7^ luu to fUrrvoov tuvte Kai ^ 
6vfH)Biii Kox T>)v ^i/;f^i' ddKirtt xal rijv ^vaty ^w^ptt arhp 
Koi vpOKXtftTK rov ^ayttv rt km vuiv ^v Be inr awopityt 
filf TiiSe TK €VTV)(S, futtera0€u y(pi) Koi aupriv ^^v^fptiv, 
VTOpBw €VtoBew ^Bovi'p ptvlai, koI SipT}v tlapdn ^vXkoifft 
tjS &v9tai roiat vapeovat <rTopiaayTa rifv y^v. Mhp iral 
iviffKijfia «r7» Kov<i>ov, iraKaibv, m; 6e;^at ;i<v rbv ijipa, 
ButTTv^p Bk rov $ti>ptiKo^ T»)v BipfLijv. Sptarov Bi o06i^ 
■n-aXait'i. traty<ytiv Bi aiij(i'"K ivol icXt}^tvi i\<piTotvt, xai 
StipriKa' rpi^iv ;*«• t^ fwtr/iy, t^ Bi airj(fittp^ ^wey(ti». 
Koi TatiriiXyi Bi toO trwfiaroi; to apaiov ifi7raacf.1v. arap 

Koi Ti TTpOtTOJTTa T§ 7^ TJj So/iirj, Tfl Kptjffipt) afotjfffUv^ i^ 

ofloFJjc apatijv ivBijaavra, Karavaaauv, ws Btaff')0^at ^S ji 
fUrama «fll ra fifpia ^ ^X*^' "^ titbwm' iaffecfUvjp', km 
7^01' ottt^v, ffijff^o-ra ^v Kprfvip^ /wpg, e/ijSijXXcir ^ri 
TOUT! l/epoKtoiffi' f(rrr\ak te tcori iBpana^ itai tnrtrfylij 
•^vxpou *! Td TTpoauiTTa trpoirffkriOeura-, Trtjf* /itv Teuf 5»ap- 
psoiTwi' irtpisv, TrvKvorryri Bi TJjs tt/KiHMriot. Biaj(pUif Bi 
T^v ISpTiv, Sicfov t) rov ^Irvjfpov if>Z<ra Kai rij^ rpu^^ ^*X^ 
tlTOi. iJ8< dvaKoKiaatrdai rwv oKpwv t^c Ocpfijjv yXtVKi'v^ 
^ o-txrvui'i'^ XiVai fi* ■yreirepd, Koi Tfti icaaropt^, Kai virp^, 

* In Uii* jiImc I have deleted One thing Kemt clear — that both 

tbtM two wuTila, £;■# liiiov liar/Kiioi' rannoi itand, mnee thrj arc tj'no- 

Initciul of the Conuor ctaiuo, &iifa~ nj'iniiuii. 

Kott crAq M ia ilon« by iinneriiii. * Dind. v. CBG. 



KtiX itdj(pv, lajpov ofUKftov hrr^icovTa, out iTO0ify to jffnfffxa' 
Kai Bm rnfi ^tfiv^ariBot, ^S' fv^p0i'ov, ical Bti^viji tov 
KOfinv oXtififutTi, ivavdicXriffiv Bipnnt -Tiotlfadai. t'nap KaX 
fio)ifiol Mfioi ot OftiKpoi TC Kai (pvffpoi {i/f ireirepti koX 
^fow Tpvyi's Xe/i) apioTov hrivXaafia tmv woSdiv, Kaff tUpt/v 
fyv^x^'TaTa d^ipovra- Kiv&vvvi yip iXximv ^Se ipXvKratvtif 
vtot. ivl Toiai eXirif rov u&e voaiorra hia^pTpiai tov 

K^v vdvra ftiv ri wiri Xoyov HfTpof; tphp, e5 Be irdvra 
X«pfi7, fw ry ^vyieoTrfi ical el ipXeyfioiTiai evieaai, (VXwovraf 
Kai i&poK fiiv ovSafia, Oepp^i Be uyaKXt/ai'! TTavrr], drip xal 
^ atipoi/t trotwi Koi ikva plva' to j« -rrpoaiatrov tv)(piiay 
cr0fy/u>l «« fikyt6<K t'jpfUyot, arpofioi, a<poSpoi- (fxovi) Si 
{^i^Jdi;?, fCt^voi, Kol tA irdyra ^(aeoStji;- xdpa rof ovk 
dfevvTif, d-T^p t}8" riiSwv opdrai- koX r)f i\j} fuv ihrvo';, i^- 
ve^e piv rei an(a, <$hrt^ Si rtiv atuBrjiriv, driip ^S" ^fe- 
fiXatmjae t^ ^vijv. k^v i^ vvvov fypTj-tat, tv7TV00<;, ewrra- 
X^e, e&Tovo<;, dvaire/ivd^eTtu Si, Skw irtp Svap, rijv vovaov. 

Mere^epottTi Be -Trvperol dpavpol tyiearoKeiTroinai, xal 
inj KM tpX^paauu apiiepai, xai yX&traa fijpij" dviKpoi, 
piftiiefi, vmOpil, BiaXeXv/ityoi, ohri i^ papaapov i) wtpi- 
TpoTT^. eTrre oil Kara^Xaitevetv j(pti ijpepij) Kal XtnTy 
Stalrff dXX' e^ Kivi^ffttM dyetv, auaptfi koX Tph^iot, jvol 
Xotrrptef, oww$ ^k tou veKptHeiK evra&e^ Kai dvarpa^e^ rh 
ifi)iTfvpov. BiBovai Be xal yaXa, pdXurra ftiv yvvaiicot vto- 
idicov KaX K0VpoTp6<f>ov. Koi yap otSe dvarpoi^, Sico>v dprC- 
roKOi irdiBfi, Seovrat. ^y Be fti}, Hvov ftrj vaXaioroKov 
i^injXov yiip r6 rotovSt yaXa. koI M t«wS« i^ dvdXrp^iv 
ayttv Kol rli awy}&fa. 



Ke0. 3'. &(pa7Ttia XoA€/»jy. 

"Ev yoKkp^g ii rStv t^epo/iivar hriuytiTK Kaicoy' Sven la yip. 
j(pj) toy ^fiat pfjiSfwe airroftoTa S^etr^o** ijy Bi ft^, vrpvvw, 
hZavtat xi&aTiy! evKp^TOv pvti'f>aivfty. ^vvej^t yf fii/v, 6Xi70»- 
Si, omat fiii evTiiates «o<r( nerval iTTo/wij^}), <nrafffui)itei' ^r 
Si Kol oTpo^oi tasfji, KaX ttoSwi' ipv^ief;, ^iyyeiy piv r^t- 
MtiKijiv Xiirai $ipfi^ ^uv irrrydv^ km KVfiivip e^Oim, ii 
rit TWf ^vaitov BtaKpitTiai, xai ivi,rt$ivat etptov. Ka* tw 
woSe 'Keiralvoyra ^ffv^p tpi^uv, apifxi^aiyra pa>Xov ij 
irte'fowa. arhp Koi p/)(pi r«iv youvdrajy ytyviaOte raZt, i? 
aynK\j}viv 04pfnj<;. Kal pi<T<fn piv KOitpui xarioStv Siaj(<u- 
pen, at<o)$ev Bi Xt^pfn ;(oX(»Si:o, TttSe j(pi) ttoUuv. 

*Hv Si vweXijXv0y pev 6 vat vaXaim ^tTot, yoKai Si 
Si&avf, KM j(o\atSrit ffieroi koi SiaraoK ^, <jS^ Kal aai], ital 
Jitiopi'}, Kal aSwapiii, \{rv^av vBaTOt Kvaffovt Svo, 17 Tp(i<{, 
BiBoyac, « Tc rijv r^t KOi\iii<t ffrv^ir, 0x019 eTriayj} tt^v 
irdkippotav, ijSk tov (rr6pa)(py alBopevov ipy^v^. ^weyton 
Si ToBe, iTr*)y t^ iraSiy ipiari, vpqvtreiv. pr)iSiiei piv t3 
^vj(pov €v Tp KotXtt} OdXireraf arap ijSe eff/i« o ffTopaj(pv, 
Aj(0^B6vt rau 0epfj.t>v koi '<^uj(pQ\i' fi/v e^e'w? Se iroBeei i^vj^pov 

'My Si Kal atftvytwl ftev eV to /iiKpiiy ^vptreawtrt, ^Bi e? to 
^iiyej(i^ lau m/Kyoy BuiKtoyrai, iBpoK Bk Trtpl penema teal 
liXifiBat, Ktu vavTt 70V ffatparo^ a7ily&t]v pep, koI yatrriip 
fir} i-iriff)(j}Tai, Kal inopaxo'^ ^M^S e^t ^w rdat Kal Xenro- 
"•^vx'Si Kal a'vov ^pa)(u rtrnrrd^uv rip vSart T§i ^v)^^, 
einiSeov, <mJi^ia-o«, eC tc t^C ttI? ataO^aiot avtixXtiffiv vvo 
T§s itrp^ Koi ^ T^i- TovTov poK7iv ' imh n}? Bwapwi, Kal 

' ToriTDu licre refem \st die mo- 
mitcb. Imticd, 1 felt inclined Id 
chui)[« tli« Icxt (o rsii erepai^av. 

I ill) not Hiiprore of Ermcrint' 

nltcnillcin to tov vw/iares. 


osBON nAeaN, biba. b. 


iains niv i-t Ttjv av<a X^tv ia« t^v vdKippoiijv ff)(i$€iv XctttW 
ik, an pi;(£i«Ei7 j^deU TJ <j/wTi T^c 4'fik ippSioOeu.'' Kparoiit^ 
Si, {i>7 StVa^i)' a-n)<Tai piowrav. ivitraatreiv Si feat aX^hw 
Kore, v4av, eimv6a>v. tiv Se ^vvfTtiytj vavra, iSpam xal 
tyraiTtt, ov tow trroftti)(OV /aovvov, AWa Kol vfvpar, Xiryf 
Kevei}, Koi wo&i ^vrrmUvtavrai, xal neotXtij inrotpipg woXXi, 
Kal dpfXuniSjfe avffpanrw, tTtf>vyfioi Si xpi? dxtt^criijv jioMTt, 
T^Te ^tj tf)0dvttv ttJvS* t^^ leaTtitrraaiv' « £j Kol vap^, 
•jnr)(poO Kal o'vov iroXAoc Tt StSoi-of, fi>) ajcptjrarrfpov Si, 
Sni Tfjv (ii0t}v itat tA vfvpa, fuv iytT('ff> y^ftolai Bta^po- 

ftot X^XcKTOi, inraip'qv arv^avaav, ova, fiia-KiKa, /li/Xa kv 
Stovia, aratjivX^v. 

'Hv hi ra iravra eyxejj, Kal 6 aro/iaj^o^ ^ijScv to^, i^ ri 
Sfpfia Kai TTord iwii /S^w/tara iraXivSpo/iittv nerf^ertpoiai 
fap eOTijffev ^ fieva^aX'^ to Sep/ia Se effra SfpftoraTa' 7}V 
a /irfBev T( TovTWv apiffit, aiKvtfv it to ftetrt^ii twv <u/io- 
irXaTwc Trpoo'^aWfti'. Kai Korrt^Biv ofi^aKoii Tperreiv avve- 
ySm Si tAs oikvik pt$i^vfiv. oSwtipov yap to tvifiovov 
Kal KivhvvQv ifiepoy tf/Kv/craiyaiaiot. mvi}ai More nr/vtjffts 
a'uapiit wTTvatK (tt« «al to irvcC/ia fojyp^ffot, xai t^c rpo^rpf 
if T^ KotXi^ ff)(€0€iv, Kal einrvoov itai ttv^vmov t6v voai- 
ovra 04fievai. 

'Hv Bi errl /M^iu yiyvtiTai TaBe, eVi ri/'i KoiXi^i^ Kal tov 
Boiprjico'; ri&ivM' Kai raSe ll<rru &Kola «V avyKOwijv, ^o(Vi*(« 
ev otcy SfSevp^voi, oKOieiri, intoKia-ris- ra&e fiv poSlv^ 
mtptoT^ avaXaffotrra, ^yxpiaayra Si it iBitvifV, eiri -riiv «o*- 
Xhjv rtOivat. i<; Si rov Batpfjica, ixatrrl^jv, a\oi)v, a^tvOiov 
Koitrjv Xfiav ^w le^pior^ vapSiv^ f) oivdv&ijt. iirnrXiitrai oXy 
Ty OtiptjKi' /? Si TOW wrfSa? Kal Toir ftvoi, ^v T(Tai'iwi-ra», 

* I hkro adoplcd ihiit rending ttwa IVlEt nnd SnncTini, iniHaJ or n-riO"- 



j(pUnr eirtTniavuv hi Kai tov Kaarnp^v >)c bi Kat ^t^^pot 
JW* ol TToSff, jcal T^ Sid Ttfii \tfLV^trTtho<t KcX ev^opffiou 
"XpUiv SXfififum, Koi ipiouTt afuptXiira^iv, teal y^\a^i^ 
j(etpmv airt&vvtty dXXa Kal rijv pa\i,v, luu tow To-ovras nti 
TOW ^wif Toil' T( aiijyovtov, Toiat avrtotfft ^Uiv. 

KifV fiiv ewl TOMTi la^rat fikv 6 ihpait icai rj yoffrijp, a re 

Tc mt tvTovoi ftotri, teal t) ^vtnao'K avokeivij, ffipftij Si itai 
viiyra avaipr/ ical « to aitpa a^(K>}, ihrvof Be Trdvra iriavtj, 
SevT^pr) fjnipt) ^ tpiT'i Xovaavra^ rpewtiv « to ^vijOea' qv 
8^ irtirra fikv airtfi^i), l&pio'i Sk o<r^eTO« pis, -^nr^oe Si ical 
7reX(os" yir/v^rat uivOpaivoi, a<fivy/iol Sk Trpoi atriiv^eaw 
eaun, mit amjvS^icrj, iiya0ov cf raiai TowTa>(o-( evK-pewia 
eiipicBeu ^vyiv. 

K((}). e . Qepawfia EiXtov. 

!Ev tt\e^ TTOvtK iffrl 6 irrtlvav iirl ^Xeyfiov^ ivrfpwv, ^ 
fyrafft^ Kai TrpijiTi^' wkictto^ tjhi KOitiirros SXe&pof. /iere- 
^fTtpot fiiv yip avtK-iriartiK vooiovrt^ $dvarov vpwpavia 
fiovvov oppuiBiovaf at S" iv tt\€^ votov vTTtpdoK^, $avarov 
fyayrai. j(pr} «3v ^itire aftiKportpov ti yiyvi<r0ai t'ov IrjTphv 
TOv TTiWeiK, p'^e ^paZvTtpov. &KKit, ^v fUv i^Xeyfiavlriv 
aiTir]v fvprjrai, rtlpvftv ifiXf^a r^v in" uyKruvt fifr/iiXjj t^ 
<r)((iat, OKw; aSpoui; SteKpi^ rh atpa, rffit ^XeyiAoaltfi i) 
rpo<f)tj, KT^v fiiffifii, XfnTodvfitr]f To8e yhp fj a-jrovlr)^ ^PX^ 
ytyverai, i) vopicijt « «t'o«r^7ff/i7V dmirwi/irn Si ey ei\«^, 
n:i)f inr ayvoijj<t « ^aihv j(p6vov hj rov irovov u^oXijv 
ivtl icai TO 0v^(Tic£iv Tolt piv &Se iroviovat (vSoipovirf ry 
ipXt^p^ Sk ov 6fpK Trp>}a<reiv. 6fpii Se Kore vpoytyvm- 



VKovra va^ ra irafteoyra w ov ^v^t/ia, Kapfjffapeij va$p^ 

'Hv Si avfv ^Xeytuvrit}^, hrl Sia^0op§ ij V''^' i^arat^ 
fiyverai 6 ciXror, ^>^fforo/iiT]i' ftiv Xa^etv, t^ fie Xavtr^ i/ia 
wdma vp<]<TC(iv efUttv dvo vSaroi $afuvi, av^yov trlvetv 
t>uuo», tVra tw0K i^fUitv. ^iiaai dytiv Karta iptSUrfiaaf 
ipf&umicov fiiv KVK\afi.ivov ;^i'Xos, xal nrpov, ^ S\f<f ^w 
ffCMv &i tiytuya kv/uvov, ijBi ir^yavov. xi"l '^'' ''■<"^<» ofioS 
f w pjfrivt] Tj rav TfpntvSov Staj(pUiv rdhe, itai, awoyyoiirt 
wpt^y, 1/ ToiaBe {rrroicXu^iv ^iiy eXa/f> ital ficKiri, ical 
iiaaunrifi, leal KoXoKVVTrj^ arfpcat tj)? ffapKK «^nj^T(' k^c 
hcieptOg K^irpo'i, ai0K ?Ktuov Bnpfxiiv ^iiv mryui'p ivuviu- 
Ti>£« yhp ^ eXam filfi-vg, wpijj/ia roiai ivripotai wpxvi:^. 
tifftiv hi ri troveovra x^P^ iXaty ^vv Tnjydvy icai dvi}&^ 
SSijv h^64v7i. i<ma Si koI wpiif. <f>aiemv tuv Kfpap.'^fav, i} 
j(aS.K4toVy 4 fceyxpov Koi d\uv if>iu)(&'yTa>v. iwirXdaiiara 
VfMl 7Wff( ^vouTi eiTTM oTpij; oKifTov xoi KVfuvov «ai 
vaaumav ff optrfdvov xofiij- autuai Be Kovtfiai p.iy, uv^oi S«, 
aXXi; irph^ aXXa; Ttdefiivrt, ts to eveydvrptav, <9 ra^ l^vav 
fiilatfit ^ov^atvcov ifii KoroTTtv i^ '^^o "ffW vf^pov^ lau 
pd)(tv. wovTtj fitp dvrunrav tov -irivov ^v/t^ipoi.' vpoirC- 
vtiv Si KVfiivov 4 iniydvov «^rif^/iaTO«, Kol tov oiaavoi, J} 
^vv Tovriotat tSiv ^pfidKwv twv dvfoSvvtay rtvd' fivpta Si 
SXKoivt S\ha vtipji yeyovatri -TTiard. d'/aSoV Si km rb Si 
^(Svwi' ifidpfiaKov, fii^ov ToO fUrpov vp<y{ to ftf(-f;A« voSiv 
tiv Si fxt'iTt i> TTocos iySiSi, fii'irt tpiiaa., /wjre itwirpiov iva&oiT), 
TOV KaBafyrrjplov tt)s iVp^s im' avdr/in}i: SiSovat. ^ yhp 
dmjKddt) ^iiv ipX^ftari, koI ^Xp to tpdpfuiKOV, t) Si^Xffev 
i^drfov ^wrat, ffKvffoKa, ^Xey/Mt, X"^'!"' ''^^^ leaimv rii 

' The conimm reading in all the meat fcliciMuilf uncndod u alwre 
USS> in iv ri( JtivTo, whicb wm by Wigun. 



vpoaey^QivTi rijii c^qirtov vwei^tv rwSe,' KUfitvov, Xlrpov, 
irpdffov fw- Tp KO/iij' ^ ifjrpfir] fuc ^&);i^ rtw Btaxfeptfrii^r 
KOxKiai ditpte^ i<f)&ol, leal uvrotv Be j(VfuK rj TtfXXtt^v vSup 
•irvToy, ^v wperaivrj, fvc aadp^, ij fo^S^ ^ icayy^pv r^6iv, 
imi 7af7 <j>uffri<; a7(U7a, xoi Eiv/^irriA^i, mi! e&irvoa' ^i- Sj Strvpot 
lij, Kol otvov li re t^v Tatv ivriprnv dipit/rfv, arap ^Si i^ 
avdk\r]a'tv r^« &vydfticK, aprfyti' itai futpdBpov pi^tfi S^jnifta 
woOiy, Kol dhiaVTOv, km iu>'dp.a>fu/v. 

/9aXX«v Sp^tvoy, rotai et dtrotnaaiy tftapfidicoiat ypeapxvov' 
yeypd^Tot £e TaBe iy Toio'i ■}(povioia'i, ev$a jcwXtxttic $(pa- 
11^ PJ eypd^. 

Ke^. s'. Qfpavtta Ta>v Kara to Hirap o^ttav 

'Ev ryjrart tow atparos ^ yevva, xal e? to ttov ct^o- ^ toSSc 
a^effi;.' KOi T^ ^Vfivaf ff^rap iKOiQV a!(iarro<t vdr/K. 
o^vTUTai e3v at T^Se ^XeypovaC. iyKeerat yap t^ -jftopltp 
TjoSe ^ Tpo^^. rjv ftey kj4pti)6i mi (j>Xeyftovi] vvar^, ou 
Kopta yiyverai, of^" f«( yip ^ TOti ar/^ros hrif^t)? hrX 


* I bere sdopt the inganioat e<n> 

Jtenuiof E^lle^ilt^in piMtefdu 
ooniman nrnding, fxiiv i^i. 

■ Tb» rviuJiiit!. intieul of the 
common one, rou A^xki ^** "i^ 
ingi;«Med by I'l-iil. 

* The cammoii rending ii viiu 
whicli ErtDcriiSB iimk«a I'iif. having 
wloptcil it from IVriiitril. ail Kuii- 
nam, i. p. 69. It uccun oImi in Cotl. 
Ilurli'}-. But neither iha on* nor 

tbe other fumiibcs an^ meuitnn 
ntuUl to the plai'c. Tu my mind, 
there cAo be no doubt lliU llir ]in}- 
per reading is (iii, which ixciiri in 
Alexnudcr'a ileiuiption uf inflani' 
mntitm of ihc liver, ts foSlowis^ 
"On jdv HaTirp Uttttaa fXtifiovi If 

oBru tai q jf T^ ^irari, lt.X. (vI. 
19). Tho mMiiiiiK, Ihen, obviously 
is. that in iafliimm>tlc>ni ef Mbar 



Bi T^ fjvart oil j(piot iripadtv f/icHV f^v */ap rt« ^fitppa^tt 
Tin i^oSavv iiriajd/, vifivparM rb ijwap r^ ijcpoijt ifup64v 
i Si T^ Tpw^ ttapovt i^ TO ifwitp ert fif/iinf oi>x tripTf 
yip oSos TiTT Tpo^if! rfs ri vav ffit^vov diri Tyji xoiX^f koI 
Taiv ivT^panr.^ 

Eu7rop<ot tJc xpi} Ttjv Ktywirit' iftvotitiv, rafivovra <p\c^ai 
TOf tir ayimtvi, ffujiyov (ihi a^ipfovra, ftit &9paov hi. 
dmaiTitj fih ri irpStra, oXtyoTtrij) 5i av9ti, Stcwi icai TOtov 
tuTiovffi TO ^TTop Ktveov i}. ypi} Si rat towi cjrt$(rotfft 
SutaKiSvavai rd iv rw jjirart trraOitna.* Tpyf(s /lif wi- fiv 
e\6ji ^ XiTpp' tipia vtvofvra ourinTtf. yfiioi &v ifi^v^uK, 
oSftKa Tf# at/MtTt atderat ri ^ap- $tpfto» •yip to alfut. 
TotaSe j(p'i Kai Ti irrtvKdfffufra j/tfwvat, dXi^wi' ivtv 
atpivo>v, i) ipvfflpMV, ff i€pt0^, Ktu Xlvov avipiuntn- x^fiiiv 
Bi, (Hvov o^f<K, n^Xiuv Tov p^Xoi), iXUtuv rtjv dfxviKov, 
oiWi^t T^ <iVMi^«, V Tov aifv T^Ee XtVoos' wph), ffirwy. 
fotm KapTTov ha^yTpt f^/iorof, o^i'tw, 7Xf/;(6)fc>«, IpiSoj. 

'£ir^v Se TOurt'oKrt TrpijOvijs, aucvJ/v trpoa^aXStiv fi^va 
u; ifuf>t\a$etv iravrr) to t^a;^oi'£ptoi', ivrd/xv^iv Be ffuOvrtpa 
w; TToXXok «Xjci/av<af nl^' fietf^eripoiai ii at ^BfXKai, 7 
0^0004, Kpicaov. vapttaBvrrai B( tov ^moi/ 7 ^^{(C' ardp 
^i ^(<^taif iioffpviaiati iroi^ero** T^Se «ai SwTew/.7x*TOT ^ 
oiro Ttiif tl'^cof aifi^ppoiar Kt)v SStfy viw iicvi<rg ri> Briplov, 
aiKv^v vpoaffdkXfW r4p6(v fAp eXxtt ri yw. M^f SXk 
e)0 KevwvuK, 4s /i^v ra rpttfMTa lax^'f^f^f* xP^t<r$(U 

pvUi, the blood, which it the palm- 
lum of thi: mflHumalion. hM to 
come rnnn uiuthw plaot to the pan 
laAuniHli wbcrcM in ioflamniMiona 
of ihc lifi >hii lilood U Inflamed in 
the plaCQ when it i* on^nalljr 
'The nc^atiTe, «ix< '* ^^uling 

in all tlie USai bat, m Wigaa 
mnwkt, It U eridentl)r («ija]rcd by 

* Tb« comiuoD rv*ding, rrABia, 
hu no meaning. 1 have okIoihoiI 
the cuuji'cIUTsl emimiliition uf Wi> 
g&ii. Ill pnferanc* (0 rrtpixBitva, 
which i* the rvsding of Ertnsriii*. 



t^teun Si Koffapoivi mi iirar\^iiiact aXtatvovat. iftd- 
Xa{nt yap untre rwr vtvpav riv irpij<ri«« ^ toojS* 0tpairuti. 
ari^ ital vtviaxttv rou xooTOpot ^iv fixtaicp^Ttp. rpo^ai 
irpo^i. •^V)(ficu, ffpa)(ia fiiv t^ vttw&q* tA irXcurro, 
X(i;^(iiv, ;i«tX(i;^, ffXirov, ffptSoKtw, hfrriri/ 'KoXoKvmf, 
a^ieviK i^&a^, irtnriiov aiptuof oivov Si, km KpttAv, ftia^i 
voKXift awiXij^iiw, ^uhiif. alvoi; yip OoX^k fUr iurt »w- 
pm, ftaXBa^K Si ^V^^'> ^afunrXtTO'tt ii ^Sovij^, 7OV7C 
yiveaK, lau vptHcXfjoK difrpo^iiritav. 

TfiSe ftoi tK ra o^ea •yeypdtfiStt aitta. ypij Se mil avriv 
T«vo ^vvevTFopiuv, fit!} irdtTa dWarpiji ^iTtP^hi *p*^''" 
iTj(oma rov vetov. oyrw ra o^ia va$fa yiyvrrat, 6k if rafi 
re TOMTt yeypatififroun, km fiovvoivh ^ (hrotrt j(pUv0M, 






Bipairtla Ki^oXaiqc. 

Btparila Zmrw/iaricwv . 
Bipawtia 'ErtXij^fgc 
Bipairila MAayxiAlijt 

Bipa-Kiia UnpoKinot * 

Bipania MiViDc • 

Oipa-Kiia 'EftirviiMiv * 
Bipanla rtSv Ic rby IIvi£fiova 

Bipartia 'AadfUtrac * 

Bipawiia ItviviiaiHy * 

Oipariia'BtraTot * 

Bipania SirXi)vdc * 

Otpairiia 'IcrifKv • 

Otpartia Kaxi{(i]C * 














K((^. a , Ylpooifuoy. 

"Ev r^at j(povlri<rt vovaotat ij uftffoXi] riji tijr/jewj? xa/eiv. 
inr afiffXaKifii yAp oKt^Xtt /« AviJKtara traBea. ^vai yap 
elfii ttrj^ei, (In fii} pi]'^iaK avo^foiT^aat, i}v ia^iiWrj awa^.' 
Ijv 8^ xal exBTiOvvri, ^ovo> jcaprepa ea-rat icai ^wairoBv^ 
aKiLv ylrfverai kot^ ical ra trfiiKpk fie^ovmv voieerat SiaSl- 
fio?- K^v TO irp6<T0ev A kiv&wov airtvei 17, o td«ov t&vSc 
ylyveraf- aXeSpuK. ■)(pi} wi" pTre tov voaiovra airp]v ai'^ot 
Tov eKiy)(pv r^s voiaov, li^hi ImoitZprjaKtw Bea r^ Itf 
Tpel*}^, fi^e Tov IrjTphv /carafi^Xojetvtiv. £fii(pio yhp ct to 
anJureoTov fw^&)i.* fiert^ertpoi Si twc ito^koiTO)*', vtt' «- 
yvwalip: te twc waptovrtov Koi tSiv avOti (^Oft^yoiv di t<Xos 
fi/i^iaiTeoi^ac Tp voiiam. hri yap TOttri vKeOrroivt o&re 
oXXim-at, ovre oppotBeovat ffdvarov. ii.ik Tahf &V Itfrpip 
cif>eu'i avrow ovS' hrirp^trova-i. irt'oTt? Se Tovrittv Kt^iO^ 
Xakj, ^ afi^t irpirfpov tftpdato. 

' The common rending, fvaiuieis, 
haviiiB no iiiilabto uii'uiiiti^, Brmo- 
riiiailii] rlijlit in nltmng thladnara. 
OKTccalil]' lo ihc iQggvsliun of 

' Eitlior iv or (omcthlnB elae 
N<Mii» to be wauling in diii mh- 


Kt^Xh &i, iic6aov « {w^c ivaytdiov, roa^vBt roCvip J(f^~ 
varan}- luu riiv aftif>l TijiSt vovvtov ^ /»*r tv^oXi} eirraffSft, 
^1 afiiKp^ aKyei mu ^x"kt( arriui' koi fftipei. ei Bi av^vtr 
vpoa-Xa^ot, ko* ri TtXi^ oKiSpta. fiti Stv /tr)&i t^ apuicpk 
tnrtpop'jv iX7M" aftutpoiai lAp Kal roUrt aietvi pcrt^eri- 
poifft tt'idij. ^v Si irpoata fiiv <^Kr} ^(p6voii, fUXf^ fhp irpoot- 
iriTfiyvfrai a)(0fa, ra^vetc rr/v tir ar/KSivi ^\i^a- wp6«0€f 
hi Zvoiv tjnipfuv olrov viviaittiy. ^WTt/tfiatpo/ifvov &i r^c 
hivafiiv TO irXtjffo^ a^atpeeiv. Hpurrav hi fit) iviira^, &^ if 
Svvafik Te avij^T/rat rijy irXij^w t^ A<patpfvtov, fwe;^ t« 
ratvi aMoisi ;ioj(\tvjiTiu ri vovao^. wSe neyroi vdff^ot 
Tpffi \povi;i(Tt »wi/ffO(i7( ^vir^>S6v fitUTfy*' hi Tpiwf •! teaaapw 
^fupuiv ahporipiov huurav, tvura rtiv itpifv, ri KaSaprt'iptw, 
^ini (MXiKp^trp irtviirietiy. dvayfi yip iioKurra ^5e uiro rift 
Kt^Xifi Ttfi vQvacv Tijv rpo<f)^v. irX^do« hi roii ^opptAmv, 
iicoaov Ttcraapei >) itot* o\ki)^ hpa)(^ai- *(^c ev ita9al(»tTai, 
\ovtiv re KoX olvov hi&ovai Kai -riiv hiivap,i.v ailfeiv etrura 
av0K rafiveiv ^Xiffa ripi iir\ Tpi p^T<i/ir^ rijV op6i\ir. mput- 
Ttiri] yap ^ce '^ a^atpeffK' rb hi TrXtj^o? ocov jrorvXij? 4 
CfUKp^ vXfiov. \v(w T€ ft^l irtpairipM. Kertayyiety yap oi 
jyi)' tveiTa rat KoptK ^vp^ a^ttupitivra ciianfv t^ itopv<PJi 
WjooiT/SaXXftv wpoTlptjv. TTjv hi criptv jiiv p.ttrrry» Twr 
at/iWirXarewv epelheiy dvaifLO/CTOv^ aj^a^tv t« tijv ivl T^ 
KOpv^q'i a^ihew « re ttXtJ^coi; oJuc^y Kal ^ t^v tow 
0d0eoi eVTo/it^V Ke^^utrjv yap t* fifxP'-" otnitov ivivifat 
itjfiiaTa. ijv M C5 d)T€(Xi)v fjicf) Ta rpiofiara, rA^ dpTtjpla^ 
iierdftvew. SnrXat he al fiiy Karoiriv tial turwf Ofukpov t« 
irpoavripoi, h!)\at hi tihs ima^v^ai- ai Si roO wrn fc 
TovfiTrpofffftv, airrwy irXijff'wv, irapayrrat yap t^ ovrirpoTp, 

Xi'UNUlN HAeaN, BiBA. A'. 


JtTttfi Koi mSc SijXat Biaaipv^at. rafivetv Si vpii Totf 
iardoK rai fU^avat' a*Bt yifi ovqurrai. iviKtarttt Koi 
trtpai htaarriai, Ktipra Xfmai, fi« ouS" ^cXo« ^KTdfiVtty. 
i Si rpowo^ ev rpo-t x^ipovpyijjiit XtXcKTS*. fUya Be to 
Sxo^ mfpaXaijitTi jcai ^(Xij^tp, koX aKvnit/ttKri, xai ^v/*ff\i)' 

^Evi irofft Se ^ey/ia &y€iv ^if irpo/cevataayra Tijv yor 
9xipa i) KOranroT^ inrrjKaTip, ^ xXva/i^ aWort fiiv ix 
^IvSiv •rrrapixtKolai. aKXare S« tik trrofiariK rouTi S'yovot 
ipXe^fia. fi8ij hi TTjapfitKtav fiiv trivipi, crpovSiov t/ ^I'fo, 
KtivTopat Spxii" TiiSe Kai ^uvrf i^ Xeirri Be ico^ttvra Koi 
vjiaan-a naXdft^ i/nfivaiii' ■>( xavXip rrtpoO ■)(iivm ira)(3. 
ayayyarepoi' Bi rivSe teal fftaioTepov tv<p6pffiov fui* Tin 
Twv8e tu-)($iv' aretp Kai t\aiou7t Bi pUiytrat fXfVKivtp, 
viKVtoviy, i) Tip a-s-6 vTvpainii fxvptp. ir/p6v Bi yiyvrrat 
Kapra m Ik^vtov' py^^trcu Bi Bii rev ^ivm y av\ov. 
BiBvp.01 Be oiBe ^vi*ipv(n i'To f*i^ (icpo'i^, (uv ivitTra^ afi^- 
ripoiai ffj^^tv. ou yap avaa)(CTov ij Budaraait iicaTipou 
fivKTi)po<i iil^ KetL iSiy. triprrpaTai yap ^ KffpaXt] ainixa 
Kcu, BptpAJ aXr/oi aipiei- to B^ hia tov tTTOfuniH ayovra 
^Aey/ia, vlirrpn, kokkw o t^ Kvi&rjv, vhrepi, aratftli aypirj' 
Tif2e fvi- aW^KoKTt, Hal iBijf hrel Si Kal t^ fiatnjaaadat 
fikv avri^ koX ri mvfiv ^vvfyt^ tarr Kal SSort )) p^XixptJTfp 
fii^avra SiBovat, kXv^iv rt ro trrafut «ai e's to vapia0fua 
vapmrravra avaraai rov aiix^viK, Ty rq? ^wttwhjs wevfiaTi 
xXv^tur ctt'iv Si, ii offoi- ^eXpf, t« ijiKiyfta ayayrit, Xovci*' 
KoX Karamvuv rijv lec^aXijv leiipTa iroXXw Ofpp.^ C&art e? 
iunrvo^v. tffj^pai yap ylr/votnai ff^vaiaif'i. 

IAftirvov tvTiXes- eorw Si Kal olvov iv ava«X>ja-|V tow 
arcpAxoV itaKa, yap TOf Kai «Se irove«. iirifv Si pif^iffv 
■tTjv Suvofitv iBpatyg^, ickvap^ X/"'"* ^9* ^\iy<}6(t, Xirpov 

' The cnminon reading, inileiul 
of fil^a, it fi4ra j in Eiitin's cdiiicm. 

tari. The rcodiHH I h«vc int«i- 
dticcd MCins to mn Kir-uvi(I«nt> 



woWiv ififiraavuv, ij pijTiJTj? t^s atro t^? ■np/UvSov ToiJ 
SivSpeoi Anfiwok JXie^; Spa^^/tav Sw>" « ^ ■njc emovaav 
^fUpijv atfiM rjj^ fitvixt SvSop a^atpietv, cut eXffm vapvOeurffat 
TO Spf^avov teaTtidBiov fCfirjicK, >) to taXfOfifrov ropvvrjv? ^ 
<r T(? <XX«(Trapf ■)rpo« TiiSe fjjei, x'i*'^ XP^ irrfpov tow 
xavXaD rot) xa^^f airoYXir^avTa TM^vnf Td vtvpa i^ oBumav 
JMo; irpKrrt}pa' ml toSc ^ ^iv xaTi^ai. fiia^t -rmv <^d- 
fiociSaiv* hrena aft^orepauri yepoi Kiveett, an firf^apdc- 
aoiTo VTTQ tSiv oidvrtov 6 ^eopo?. priiZiTj Se «al vroWi) toD 
ai/utrcK v 00/J')' <f)\i^ct yap iax^a'i T>;5e Kpaivavai itaX -rk 
ffmftara ftdKwfil xtu evTftjjTa. emit Se lau Tot<rt SijfiOTijat 
-rroXXot r^ ey^apdfio? ot Tpovot km ^trrdv^at Tpvxtiv^t 
Kol <f>0\Xotac SJ^rij? ^tjpoltn, o-flevret Ta& T^iffi SaiCTvXoiai 

fS KOrvXrfi TO ^M'*^') /wio'O'C airoyyourt nal ofu*pijTy, ij 
^pov « i'o^at/ioi' ifiipvtnjv, iejj*ri£a, ij o^iffT^i' <r7tnm]pif}v, 
^ jSaXaiJiTTMiv. 

*Hv Se eTrl rovrioiat fi Kt^aXaXf^i'r} p-tfiy^, let^v irore 
diTOTratJj/TiK, aiJTo j(pi] 4^ tcXo? ijfcciv t^ ii]Tp£tijt. ^iXv- 
TTotrrpo^ov yap icaitov, ical iv e&pr} l^ov ra troKXa ipatXeuti, 
jfpti (av ft^tpeovra tu? KOfia'i ^p^i {tat yap to& xc^XjJ 
0V7)iffTov,) xaifiv TTVptjjai icatrr^ptiiv,* ^nroXjjv fiiv it fivaV 
^v Ze p-ii^i Oirreav (BiXrjf;, uvuyevffry Kal rmv fu/&v five^ 
yitp KavdivTii iaui. trKatrpMV -rrpOKXtjaiei. kijc p.kv rwi- 
troKffi «avo7)?, olvov eituSr) XtvKov fw poBiyp KaTaioieiv 
SXli. 666vT]v Se j(pi) riy^tn-a itriireravvvvat Tfjtri e<Tj(ttpi3Ct 
fUff^i ^fip^ Tpi-n/f -tiv Se fiaOdcu fwo-i a! iayapai, vpa- 

' Ertnvrini dups righl in ludiCi-' 
tuliui: llii« W'lril fur aropCvt). 8w. 
In jiiinitular, Pollux, nnd the nolo 
of FoL's, aw. liipjuicrat.. iiiidiT ilii» 
inaA. Il wiu ■ nort of Indlc. 

'Tliamiiimuii rvKdin^' in all iLq 
Odilinna, cxcepi thai of Ermnini, 
it tuSfioiMv. 

' Tliougl] 1 hnvo not vi-nturtd lo 
cltAri^c vnfii^iri Into rr^ifVL, I hjivo 
Utile doubt (hni ilic lutivr (which 
■i^'iiifios llip k'luh lit » "pv-cMliiTii or 
cautery) li the true rauUng. t<co 
1'. M. vi. OC, «( plurici. 



Tt$Avu' T^ Si rpiTTi KtjpttyrSfv Ik pohlvov htl rolat hrnro- 
Xaieurt, i) ^attov ^iiv fixktTi ivi T^<rt ffvOioio't iayap^m 
Tt0ivai. iKQoa 8e rirl irttXp ^(ifuiKa aXX-r; vt} feypa'^e- 
T<w. ft-a/tov Tike? i/Ktp fterwwoy Kara ti]V vrt^ilvTiv ri 
S(p/ia aj(fii<! Oar^ov' Kal -rrfS* hri^ioavre^ ^ iiriKO^vre^ 
fUtfif>i fiirX^Tf « aapKOKJiv tjyayov. til Bi Kal ioirpmaav 
T^ otrria, fiAff<f>t ittjviYyoi;. fOroK/Mi Si r& oxca* 4XX^ 
j(pijiTffai, injy ^iri iTaai liiv fj Kf^oKait} iTTtfiifiyij, 6 &i 
voamv eCffviiot, Kai 6 lovos rot cciu/MiTOf ayaOof. 

'Hy tic vpoaetyayf^t etoiri, yv/j-vaaut 6p6i e? trrepva Kal 
wiiotK, j^eipoyofiiT}, aXTtjptuy ffoXi), I^X^k, koI ^ ^vrexmai- 
StvTOff e'c TovTOK aveiKijai'i' rpti^ii tA irpSyra nai ra vuTara 
oxeXSiV, Ke<f>a\^ Si c; fitoov. 

tlvnoKo^it} T^ (fimuTrtiv ^vejfijt'^ ^ivltra(i,v Ze Koi 
Ttiv Kf^Xriv, aXXore fiey aivrfWi ^vv apr^ Sf^\6ai irfyptovra, 
tuf Ht] u^pijTov (ti) Tu irvp' ttWore Se i^ppjiKa ^vvaXei- 
^yra, «w to ^vv0ttov to Bii t^« XifiwJffreSo* ital (V<(>op0iov 
Kal irvpiSfiov lyft hk ital avwSvvov irepi re -rov iv xaip^ 
vovov Kal it p.O](\fVfriv t^s |&i?rfS tov kukov, Bu^iri^ l inrot, 
Kai ra ^im T^&e if}apfiaKa, oxdaa iaotSaiyet ri Sipfta^ Mtl 
tovdoiat iiceXa cx^t/et fiXaiTTJjfiaTa. 

Atavra he ij ^i" e^' enriiuT^ Twf aXyiiov X*Trr^, 0X170- 
-TTtrrit] Kal vSpoTTOTiii, iven-poadev fioKiirra Sictoi tiikk. 
^fivav Si, Spip^v p,ev a^c|(t, Kpo/ifivav xo! trKopoSuv Koi 
omC TOV aiKifiuni, oiv/jwio^ Be p^ TroT^v, xol 7^ to bfnfii 
ainlou irpov r^ rov aropajfftu aper^ xai ii w^oX^v ovk 
£j^api,<ftX{yfta ^vov.Kol SiaiTviov.ii Sit\auiov Kara. 6<rrrpMV 
MOKiaToy Kvafwi Kal ret Toi'^c «r£ca, irivaoi, Kal fi'XP^''' ""^ 
So\ij(pi' Sanepov ^Koi, o" ye l^vct fUv Ttvaf aptra^ 
vi^ti^ TE Kai iKKplatm, XK^oX^f Ze vXijo'/uot koI irokOf 

* Ermeriiw mpprMK* rif JpvAr- an laftrSaoat, and niuuiuble to 
ttty Bltogatlm; ami focntingljr thcM tlii> {ilac«. 



np.pi 0Rp.\nF.iAS 

j(6vBpoi Be ol TC TrXuToi ■j^apievm: ^irv o'cw, Kal ftiXcrt Sirov 
i/SuPfU' Kal TO in Tovritov po<p'}/ta xal oi ^vv airXoiai ^/toiat. 
icoXoi yikp Kol 01 iv rij Kopviaia itapvoi, itdpov, xoptAvov, 
Aviaav, aeKlvov Totrrimv Be Kplffvtuv ^ ffivaofMi'i ^ 0t>7^yri, 
xai y\fjx*^'' vpb^ rdtai (ino&fai, lirxoval t( (coi ovpw Ayvy^y 
Kal ^vo&v i^oSov. Kpt&v Si voi^pri fih' T^ ToXoMt iravra' 
vtoaiftayri Si aXlKTopov, Tmjvwf ^ ^dcaa, ^ ireXtiA?, «»1 ra 
aWa oKotra fir) fia\i<rra viova. aviiiv rh &Kpta, XoTtaof 
owTos" ^oof 2e «ai ^105 -rrayfivov t« koI kc^hX^c wXijir^ro*^ 
fpt^iK 6i oil vdvry] xaxof yaXa Kai rvpol Kf<paXa\yi€v. 
tyjBwDv 01 Trrrpotoi, ffZi oKttffOi Kari xa>pi}v apt^TOi. 'Ka)(dfeM' 
he e^dS>v fiiv oKoaa ovpmv koI KOtXta-i vTrayoiyi, fitiXnyjj, 
ffkirov, rewrXov, turrrdpayoi- Spipv Be koI Kpofi^yj- it/ta Si, 
€piSaie{iff xiivTwv apurrov pi^tu Si trovjipaX <eo! i^Bai, 
piufiavioei, yoyyvXiSei, tna(})vXivof oi/ptjTiKa fiiv, v\ii<Tfna 
Se- aiaapav ^vaStSii pXv *cai trtop^lyov twapriicoi'. mvo^ 
XeuKoi, \errr(K, yXvietft fikv 4y^^pd^6io, trrv^iov f^w**. <"« 
fii} itTj(tiv t})V yatrripa- Tpriyijfia trav Kt^aXaXyiK, trXrjv 
^oiviKes ira'iTT)? i&eiji;" avKov f>i o-iriopr) Koi inaipvXi) irpo- 
tnjVK, Kal S Ti &v «Vi T^t tap7]V aptarov^ TrXi}afuivr) wavrtof 
teal tSiv as^Xovvreav Kattov. kokiov Si aire^iij- kottm 
atre^itj'i ftkv do-iveirrepoi, eji-iffXa^ie^ Si Kal otSc. xtpt- 
varoi ea}0fv, cTri r^i Koi\{t)v iKKpitrf tijitvoot Si /cal evi^opoi' 
apurroi Si Kal ol iirl tu Sfiirv^' alaipt} p,aKpa, vrjvf/io^, 
avt/Xiot rji KetpaX^- Ktumt yap airrert <retpu<t. ifttX{i 
ywiUKbv Ke^dX^, vevpoK, kok^v itritnTatnov.] ^s 
Sepp^Ttpov aTTo y^vj^aiv, Kal airo vyp£>v it ^pinepov. 
^vu<t>opoi: Si ttXow Kal hi ffaXdair;) hie^yajyi} too fiiov 
K^v Tra.puXi6<t T(? $, aya&ov Xov€a0aC Tt tj aXfip ^vxpSt 

*Tb6 tmimum rearming it vucwv 1)c«(vniIiM,byk)i?MiioIcntc)ianffe, 
ti Sirvp^, ttliicli Knucriria hna al- I have luccccdecl in uncudiiig [lii! 
lernil 10 AriipiiQ li oven. U ivill IcxL 



Kol fftoTfvuv ^ 0d\awav. 

'E'TfpOKpaviri'i Totrri aitta. ixota yap Tp xeipaKj} S\<ff 
iKfa irp6ff<poptit TtficSe TrpoK airav rij? lee^Xiji: ftipoii yp^ 

K.etf>. y ■ Gfpuwfia 'SKortOfiaTiXMi'. 

Kai tK £ia£e(MK fiev Kiif>a\aiT)-; yiyverai aitOTt/hu'lf}' uTOp 
KM attrii Vpwnt hr alrltjai ^werai, at/utppotSav p6ou 
iinff^iav ktiv avo piw alfui p^rj pip, vpiaBev piov, >) /li] 
SiaTTviitrai to oKrjvCK, i) itpart, ^ v6v^, irpoaSfv iroi'fw- 
fifvov. tJc ftiv &y fwl rp Kf^Xatg fiwrij, ra&e j(f>ii wpT/ir- 
tniv & t^aiv, &Koaa titi rrjai xe^aKaijiat \fXtiCTaf Ttat Si 
Koi ^taioTfpov t^a0ai j(p') iv T<Xe? twv ixieti', dntpov 
^piiffW tfv &( airi rev eww^'ffUK irfp&v ^ vovatK airo^§, 
T^k ^w^0ri (KKpuxtv Kiviea/. iryiavov yap -r^t ^vattK tf 
vatuvSpOfii-r). f/y 6e i) fifv /i€\Xtj, to Be va0o^ «t'fsi ^1 
fiiv rgff ( aKKjjvt hrurxiaevh t§vi Sid ptf os, ij iSpwrruv, ipXeffa 
■Tap.vtiv T*)v W irfiime ^V Z kiti ^ari v\7}i^vpotnt, ^ 
<rK\t}y\, j; Ttvt TWV iv ratvi pttffoun anrXdyxyatv, afnfyov ff 
aucwi- "xph Si OKOaov &v ix ^Xfffos voXKoy ^«p«p, TOffocSe 
tK r^ySe a^mpieiv alita. ToSe yap t^ vpo^Maiot tj t/)O0^, 
wtrjTtp Sij KoX ywrrifp- ijri Be r^St -ra t^ m^oX^* aicfa 
^vaTrrfiv, ^\i0a r^v hrl Ty funim^ ip0rjv Tti/iWJt-TO, 4 
riv iKariptadfv Tq? pivot wpcv roict itavSotai, cuevijy tJ 
impv^j vpoaffaXXeiv, iKianrrtiv rat; ap7i]pia<^ ^vpeiv t^I* 
Kt^idKtiv, tfiotvuTaeiV, tftXeyp/i ayeiv Bia pivSiv -rrraptttKOtai, !^ 
BtA <rr6fiaT<K, OKwi <X€fa" airavra wp^aetiv iv xiap^ T^ 
hri T^ /ut^aXaip elprnUvtp, trXrjv oKoaov miKXafxlyou jruXoi, 
if avayaXXiSiK, ^y^pTOS eie rijv ptva, eyti. Tt}V TrpaaOtciV • 

r 2 



Tir^ Si T&v ifi^l Tr)y KttpaXijv Jucfttv Tier « W\w, iieotra 
ffiaiarepa e<! tow vtcordtSeav, rd&e ^i) vpii<r<r(tV i^tmvt 
Twrt a-TTO Beiirvov, ^Si Toiiri iiiro pa^viBttv ypita^aty "ri fx 
TOvSe Seof eo-rl, arAp t)&i e? eXXtfiopov irapatrKev^ir ft^Xi- 
Ttj/Tt yap ^j) ToC a-rofuiy^v €ftf€iy, etrl Toiat huvarfyoiai 
itienjpioiat' hritp koi to ^'Kiffta 'Keirrortpov niv ylyveTM, 
KoX 4<! rov iKki^opov e^xy^ov ^KKeffopov £= SotTiet irXrfi-w, 
Toiai fiiy tff\vporipoiffi opi^i i<: fuytOoi atierdfiov,* ij 
oXiyov tiSporfpov rcr/irffiivov (vv \ov&pip rt v\vt^ iJ ^tuem 
fj S6<Ti<r trraSfibt Bi o\*^s Spajyial Svo. ivl Be twv a^r&e- 
vea-riptoy km i<rj(yoTipB)V to f\^pa ^i/v fuXtrt' ftlrpoy fiu<r- 
TiKai Bvo ij rpetr rijaSf Trotijfftos 6 rpotro^ aXXj in] XeXi^ai. 
fieinrfv Bi tucdoTov aKtot, i/rravarpi^ttr rov voaiorra, « T^f 

jlpty^fiv Be teal itrl tqiti frapo^vafiourt &&f SiaSffiy fuv 
rit ax(Kf.a inrip c<pvpa nal yovvara, iral ;(<t/)0« leapTToifi t« 
Koi 0pa')(iova^ «vfp0e iu>v &p,aiV trpot Tot^t Ay/(Mffi. Try- 
ft« «€^X^' pi^ivov fivpov ^iw S^ti' ivp^iioai hi j^if t^ 
sKatra ip-rrvXKiov, tj airovBiiKiov , ») Kiaaow, tj ti joiov&e. 
avaTpft^vi SKpiov Kal irpo<rai7rov' &<r^ptiiTt^ o^3«, 7Xijj^fo<t, 
i}BvoCfiov, KM TiiSe ^bv S^ti. Bwnrraatit t>)? ykwat' e<rff 
Ihrt] yip tpetSovffi rdv yvd&ow yapyaXt/rpi^ Trapiafffiltov, 
i/terov vpoKXtjirtt. ^1 yip eyxvtn, icork ^Xey/iaro? ave- 
7(30»Ti) eK ToO ^oi^ov. TfiSe p.€V mv /f rijv toS vapo^uSfMO 
vapriyopliiv, Ka'i ffKfSafftv tov ^o^toSeos. 

^talnj^ Bi wtpl aTrdaij^ rffi ev t^ Ofpairtiji icai T^i ii 
avSif TiJSe yiyvataKto. SnTo? irovXw kokov, Kal dwrv/tj. 
iTovXi)^ piv yap vapiea ra-; aia6^via<t tt/« Kf^aXi)?. ar/MtV 
irXflp-ftvpa, 5kvo^ dTrawtj? irp^^iot.^ TiiSe (tivTOi Qapto^ k(U 

' Bnnrrin*, following the soggM* 
tioii "r Pvlil, miliAtiluli^ii thi> u'linl 
for 61*11;. which ia quite unmiUtblc 
ro di« i>li>ii. 

* Ermeriiu Bup|>r«£ici this dnuio 



ih(^v ICO* lutpfiofivywy /«Tt airia, T% vov<rov t4 (A/iffo\a- 
drfpmrviri hi ttirtirrov, arpo^v, Kofiartipov T(# aicijvel, &$i^ 
/tov, tinrapaywyov ^ yvtiifn}- Bta ToSe pij'iSioti {taivoyrtu Kal 
tu\aiY)(o\ioviTt oiSr ^fufiopoi Se 6 fUrpioi, i? t^c t^9 
T/30^7? otteovo/iiTiv, Koi es afu^uL'Xdv tmv Si ^fUpa^ Kafid- 
•nov. vpovota koI hrtfiov^^ vpoe^pii) TiJ9 KOiKitji (t dirO' 
icptfftv iuxirvo!}9 fetp ^ ^'(uf aiV/i;, imi\(ri. dmrpi^i? 
bMiv ff««Xwv 5»' ^fUTVf^ffiav Tpijyiiav fUvip* ij>oivi^io<!, 
fTreira vwrov icai irXeuptmv, OtrraTa *e^Xf/«' dwo iwrtwi' 
TTfpiTTaToi, TTpotrttviei fiiv apj^Oty Kal c* u-rroiraviriv, errir 
Tpo)(pt Si oi fieaoi, fjpfititi, KOTtkirTaaK tdu irv^iiaTot iwX 
Toivt irepvtraroiai ia-rv. ava^Koveew ypt], Totai ffapiffi 
^iy^ouxi juoXXov j^pfifuvoy tj^neeiv. ofw? yap, xE^aXij? 
SuurrtitTief, KporA^osv iraXftoX, ^xi^aXov fumripv^ii-ii, o^- 
6a\nmy vp^atet, ^<oy UKoiy fterpiti a^vfptoviri Ki4x^V ^*'V- 
WTor thrtiTa Si Ktupiv Mupt]^, ^ Stawvotiy row irayrov 
M0aX^ ffdpfov, irXijOoi Si iartu voXKhv, irX^v iK6vov 
djcdfiMfov ij- p.i}Sf i^rl fKvffUMTt yolai rov jpvpiov, /itjSi 
fui-ex^ff* Kafi-rr^vi, ahop^ yvyyiaOta. iXlrf/tnv yAp rdSe 
vpoKXt/ffie^, evl)efs Si Koi ftaiepol Koi Xttoi iinatv xal ot 
■inpiiraTOt. f/y fiiv &v iv idu itoat Apimv, dprou /jmvov 
Opeyetv, OKOtroy itiSiy tuirohiay tomti yvp.ya^iotiTi iii*fitvM, 
ttptyrtaie^dai yap x/"J' *f^a^^ *«»' X*V*'' ""^^ ^' ™''^' 
rpi-^ifS' (in Si Touri oiny TTptjeat « aydxXjioiy dtpfitjv, xai 
tiaapKiti^, KaX tovov eirara KetpaXr/y rpi^eaffai opStof 
iairreov fti^avi v7r4)(ovTa' arip leal tA yvfivdata ti rpay^ 
Xov ir^ffiac, Koi, eV Siioap.ov j(ftpSiv avvrfivei, eiriraiStvrtoV 
ifjrepauopevvTa Si jjsl) tijv iteipaXliy. Kai ta? S^^llK yvfivd^ttv 
yftpavofiit}, i} SiaKiav /io\^, j) tfuXofeiKeOvra irvytiff kok'oV 
St tr<f>atpa, fUKpt] tc Koi /tfydXtf -njt yip Ke^\i)9 Kal twc 
6^$a\p,iiv o( Sivijaiis t€ *oi iva-rdau'i a-Koraifiara voiiovtriv. 

* EnnoriiK iJm cnMS tbeM 
WOriU, uhlch io not Kcm u* ba 




apioTov a^dXatK xo! hpofiot. to «fv fiiv vav iv rlk aKtKta 
vatTttf Tovtoffuv' ^i/^oXotwJij aXoiMrti}^ Kpivatti^ dXov- 
fft'i; a BtpfioXoviriii'r artn^nt, wicy&aai, ^p'lftu jk^oX^** 
^frv)(p6Kovoi7i Bwarwrdrr/, Irftiitf ^ Karwrrainv iiypijyat, 
Xv(7(U. ax^v&iTtu, 0(pfio\ovoit iwartoju-n}. tee^\^ 70^ 
vovt7oii at •irpo<f>affit>i' ToiaiSt koI 01 ivrot, ^apvqKQot. i^av- 
Xbi ivi Tourt yufivaaioiai, i^ KaraoTatnv tov rapdjfov. 
vU<rK T^* «e^X^9 <s T^c tow Stp/tartK fwrir. 

npoiroawt vBarw, q o^wiv ucapim' SpKmv ivreXi^- 
\a^avatv ia>/it^ ra ftaX^ajmjpui, /MiXa;(i]9, TfvrXoi/, fiKirov. 
Ififiafifia tvffrofiaj^ov, tvarofioy, lemXtijt futXdaxr^xiv, o^- 
/>^ Si itt^aX^, &^ SviMv, 4 ffvttffpfi<!, f} (7iv]j«-w>«. wAv T(l 
0tpiM yttiMvor 0ipi<K hi tA '^^OW^t 7Wf(vi tow itrrpamii- 
ittK, fit} mrrd' iXmai, ^oiVtJMv, rapixo-i aipaiov, j(Ovhpm 
irXi/ro(, fiii" Tti-t tw»' ^Xwiifewv, oKoo'm' ^^vvot, aipttov. iiei 
Totaie uXcv- rjpffilj), 'tav^ai Kai aKOtfi Kal XoXj^v. ittpi- 
vartK, hfQa &v Evin'ooi' troi fvj(apt, S^vSptct, ij ^vtdv^af 
Ijv a i% iehrvov i}icg, fiaXiffra f/^iy at0i<t •^vj(po\»VTittr, 
ff/iiKpiiv inT(if)(pitTdi*evw XtVat" tt hi tif], atciXea fiouvov. 
ri hflirvor anutStv, olov hpiov, ij fxuprjfia X'^''hpoti, t) TTTtad- 
V^ dt^wcKt, k^i'iat (fw-CTTTOC (fxipiioica he ri ^s ^Sovijy t^s 
VTtadiuft, viirtpt, 'f\>jj(p»v, ^hvoafiof, Kpofifivutv ^ vpdauv 
VfiiKpav, ftrjhi OKOffov ifiirXtvaaf S^to^ hi to fyt/iv ^vfi^O' 
poV Kpevv Td iit iriovaiv ju^ Trioio" aiwy iroBfi itoi «<^aXv 
imji'ci iravra^ Tp wXijflet S« •T€Kftalpfa6af Xctydn xai ri 
0rfpfvra hi' aXftCTopK eviropo^ xol ^vpi/^pot. Tpirfjjfui iru** 
Kc^XaX7^e, ttX^v 0o<Vtxo«, 17 r^f iapaiiav viKt**^ ^ ara^v- 
X^5, fjv rt^t/ffos tavSpanrov (Tf- ^Si vefA/xdriny cv^reirra, ncoi 
OKVtaa, Ko* Kov^. irtpivaTOf Bvfirihia' iv >)vvx'!l ^t vttvov 

xi'oKiuN nAoav, rida. a*. 


Kf(f>. 0. Qtpawtia 'E,ntXi}\{/it}s. 
'Aieiaty ten irtp fUya K<d huraraiTorrov il iviXrt^iijv ypi- 

Swt i^*' «««T^5 iro^ivtjtfwe, (iXX^ Kal IBifn aro^o?, mil 
oytiBro'; Trjt ffl/^i^^i%-. teal fiat &oici«t, tlmp e« aXX^Xoi^t 
(V mlai wapo^vaftotvi ivi^Xitrov, iitoaa -rraaytiuat a\ 
voffevKTc?, o\iK hv cri ftiftv rXaUv i». «XXa yap ra heivA 
Ik^ot^ leai 7k aitrj(pi avataSriaii Koi a$ei}cit} icpvTnei' 
^vopapTciv Se rijv iijTpd'jjv t^ paartav^ riji ^vffto-i aptirroy, 
eCre rfjat ftera^oXfjat Tqv ^\ite(j}^ « fUya up«l$ft rov 
avdpwvov. t/v yAp ») ^vvt/0*i<: r^ kok^ tiana, cV ij ififfiO' 
Ttvtt ^ vovvot, olxfto, ox/Kirt itri^nift i^ thv avBpunrav 
f ycnxoijffTOi yap r^ vpoa&tv iJSet, 

'Hv &v T$* Kt^X^f "KuffijTM, ivoixitf rfjSf iffavra ypii 
vpi)ffffnv, OKoaa ftoi dfi^ Kf^a\atti<; XiXfierai. afi<f>i rt rav 
ToO aiparot <i<l>aipe<ruK, — t)B' Ofi<f>l tAv Kadapvtai,*^-^\e- 
fiw T&v hr ayic&i^t, fieranrov t^s op&i'oi, ffwcww t^C Bi 
a-fiaiplfftai pi) pea^t XenroSufilij^ irotieaGcu, vponXftaK 
yap -ov vaBeoi XeiTroSvpitf apr^plaii rapyttv avaaa^, rav 
T< WT«v vpoau T« ttai omiato- ica$apaiai Se iroihaOat <{o- 
y(iav Tovriav •naimav, r^ Up^ t^ KaSap-njpitp koX t^ ice^ia* 
X^ Totat ar/ovffi <ft\^pa' iroXX^ &i SwaTwrepa corot 
^appaica' if>epft yap ft /fi! ravZt Tois irivoix- fiiBvplif hi 
K<u eveXTTiinit) Ti'ftjffi Toin; voaioyjot tX^/iowk. ^rt^c ical 
trvp tfiepeiv i^ Tt}v itopaK^v' ivvft yap. Terp^cot Bi jfpf/ 

' I woiiiler tbat Knncriri« ihould 
hAve ihougbl 11 ncceuBty lo is- 
punge those wuril& It >|i|ioim to 
ms tlisl, frum the coiumcncsincDl 
of tbltpftTKgiBphdowDlorXqfiorac, 
we bare one ot lliutc lonu ami coni- 
pliolcd nrntcncci in wbich Tlincy- 
didM, Doinouhenfa. Biid Mlinr uf 
Ik* BRol wrilcni of iLiitli|uiiy do- 

liltblcd. Thl* (Ijlc of fjilu position 
U T<?rf diftarcnl frum tlic periodic 
atflo Id wlilcli Kuuian, t'ntncli, and 
Engliab ftollinri crinipOM their viorkt. 
Clarendon, MHion. and Culibctt arc 
tliu l>t'*t CJtamiilvi wc liavu, in Eujj- 
liih. of tlio old GmioQ aj\e of 
uniting in long MOlencMk 



vKdaftaai \pita0tu, « t* Ak ^ Ml**75 ''*•' offrimv avoffr^, 
rtpffpip jfpi) vtpiKovrrttr ri yvfivi ^v ft-i afuxpa AvtsxS 
P^XP' ovroftaTfv aTTotnrdffUK, St€ fUXaird leore ravrivv 

iMBapaiv, ToO iriTpov evroXfioK aiceo/ifvov, ^ MTftXijv {f/>^^ 
TV rpSipa, &vffpafrr<K ef^Xdc 1-^9 poim'ov. iTri waai, 0oifi- 
^<Y fce^X.^, ^uv^ffeev fHv, OKoaai fiot ev TOtai vpoa^ev 
etpearaf BwaTuript) Se t} Si5 twc KovBapSiMV' j^pif Be hti- 
vpoaOev Tij? ypr^aw;, rpiatv !)p,fpS)V irivitv fa\a *? rrfV ■nji 
Kvarw; ^v\aKT]v. KavOapihe^ fhp iciipTa O'lyorrat nxTTW. 
ToSf fiiv &v ffv Kt^Xr) ir(Tr6v0ti. 

'Hv ?( Tii fieaa (laiirf^ rt/v atTi'ijv koI roBe hraytt ti)V 
yovaov, — iijwtrrix Be rn^e yiyyrraf ^fttra&eti yap ite^aX^ 
7^ fieaa fiSXXov, <us eiri fieya\^ komw, ^rrfp ap^i) t5? voti- 
oov, — OKto<t S oZv '■<'J(V' ^^ffSf* Ta^Vfik rtjy ew arf/eitft Kfli 
M T&vBe- aiTo aTrKiirf^vwv yip ^ ^ij- arAp KOi Ka0aip€tv 
rovijBf fxaXKoy toiv aXXttK, xal r^ Up^, ital Kv«opv), «j» kokk^ 
KViBt]^' rtiBt yhp tf>\tyfutTtov ayayyd. to Si xatpwv 

eCSjjXo?, Koi TrdvTr] ypdtfxiv vfptrrov, tl ft!) oKoaov Bwafur 
airreoyv yiy<itaictiv, 5r« x/>') roioBe Xeirrvvat, Bianvtvaoh 
eSpoa Koi e&iTVoa iroiUiv xoj irermipioKTi t^pfiwcoiot, 
Btpfiourt, ^pouTi, Ka\ oSpuv ayatyoiffi xpeoptvov, xai iv 
rpot^g Ka'i fv ifiapfiaicip- Kpeaaov Be Trdvratv xdtrroptK opx'^i 
•trivojMerot iv fieXiKpf^rfp voXkdxn toO ^171^?, oKoaa t» irof 
Ki\a t^upfiaKa rmvroy trp^aaet, ^ hia rSiv dtjpitav -TroixlKri, 
Koi ^ Toii MiOpiBdrem eTrnroiiciXMTtpj}' "jrlvav Bi koI t^I' 
BtjffTivov fVTretrra yap «a! ev^ypft ravra Ktti ovptav ar/ioyd. 
iifitra yap j(ph ypd^eiv toiv t'nr'Kotv ^pp^dietov, aiBe r\ovat 
ai Swdfitet, Kiwdpttpov icai kmtitjv, ipvWa t^ fiaXafidSpou, 
Kol wewipio'i xat aeaeXto^ irdiTtK lBea<:. koX t(' yhp oiiK &v 
fCpoit iv TOtaSe twc BwaTaiTdratv ; Xoyot, ort not yvtrof 



iyiUipaXoi Koi alOvirt^ o>fti\fi xpaSii], Koi at KaroiiciSuu 7a- 
X«<u* ffpmShrrt^ \vovct t))v yovaor tym Bi tuvSc /*iv oi>K 
iTftiptj&tfv €0«aiTafnjv S« avBpiinrov ft veoai^ayiov inroSirrw 
<piaXi}V T«3 Tpa>/4aTi not apvaoficvow rav otfiaro; iriVcvrof. 
£) r^f irapeowrri'i ne^aXfj'i avarfierf^, TKrjvtu koxov aieiaaa^tu 
l*tafffiaTt Koitm' tl it koi i/yiit<: ix tovtou iyevoyro, arfx- 
iciv uv&i; ej^et ftoi X«Ycif' aW^r] Si ti? yptu^^ e^pa^, tfrrap 
avOpamov ^xv^elv. aXKa -raZf /tiy •yeypatf>6a> roiai fiiypt 

Ttpouapr/yetv H KaX Tp Blairri, Kai (Kaarourf Toiv ytvo/ti- 
f^v, 4 Bt aXXtuK, ij B* airroO. vvv Be j(pi] ovBiv inrtpopiiv, 
fiTiSi vp^Ttrtiy n cue^ fioyuara ftir c^' iieutrroftn afuitp<n9i 
iravTtov utifitX^vTa- f]y Bi fiti, ffXatnorra fU}Biv.' xal yoft 
opqfiara oKoaa fit} 0i}T]Ti, luu ttxavafuxTa, KaX ffvfiara, itai 
Gvtrii fivpia fXiyx'* ''^*' ^oOffov. il)pdl^<r0€u &v Trtpl 
vdvTtgf fioXa. ihrvm ttoKXM, iraxyri}!;, dpyi^, Ofiij^ r^ 
ata6^<Twv dyaSov Bi ^vnnerpltj- /nxX/tj; tKiepuTK ctri roicrt 
Ihvotot apttrror, ftaXtara W4vfiaTUV xa* jiXfyft^rw. -m- 
plvaroi fiatpoi, fv0i(<t, dvi\ueToi, fiirvoot, i/iro £ivSfn<rt 
niv itvpffivrp, ^ Batf>yyii, t) roifft Bpi/tfiTi, K<U c^Sc<ri /Sorti- 
rj7<ri Si, KaKaftly&^, "jK^Xf^yi, 0vfUp, ^Bvotr/ufi- /uiXitrra 
/Mf -nivt aypiouxt, airrofiarotair ^v Si f^, Kay vottfrour*' 
iv TOurc Koi atStpeu naiepal koX aiSf tiOia- aBotwoptTjat 
KoKov ^itirOai, /ttj vapa vorofiov «'« to ptvfia iv^pijivt 
(Jl^iffov ydp ■trotijriKov poiK,') /iijSe It levitKoy orpu^cu* 
/uvoy, fiTiBi ffin0iKa Btvevfuyoy.* dadtv&rrrpot yap iSpatov 

*T)uU (111* !• ibe tTDo R«dinc. 


•n^ not oi ivautatm foXjaJ, 1* 
t)iill« obvlmiH from Dloccoridc*, M. 
27. AU th« 7«X(aI w<nj »o« wii* 
initb. Hoe A|>iiiii<lix t» Dudbar'i 
Greek Iicxicon. 

* Kniii-rinn, fultuwini: (liv iclili^o 
or Petit. Iiv iliG flddiiloD of ji4. and 
■lighll/ dltFrbg thn puiictuMioii, 
(ETDflil}' imppjviu llic lt«l 111 lliit 

plac«. Ouf tnttKir •videnilj' alluilut 
t» the cdctiralcd pwugc in tha 
Epidcmin of Ilippurratc*. Sm 
rot. \. !>. aeO, VIJ4. Soc VAW. 

■ The camnMin nkdbg » unH ly 
titXif CTpofoiiuvey, fur wlilcli l>- 
ninriii* propoara to iu>Miitatc the 
nbore. on Uic tmllioritjr of • 11>ri> 
tiuu MS. 


nF.pi eF.i'.vnEiA2 

iffravai to vvfvfia' ^wOUcvrrai yAp r^S kvkX^. SiVi^m 
&i aKttt»iiaTO<! xaX Trjt eirtKrj^l')*: npiieXtjiTH' uiro H jifi 
tutifnjt, irfptVaro? fipffiaiwr itrnTa i) f)av)^h), i^ imxwtra- 
ffTiMTti' ToiJ iv rfi alaipt} rtiptiyov yunrairia hi «rl rouroifft 
W^pOS j^^a;, Tpiffevrav tqjj' axptuv a<f>' ^/UTV/iffiov \tnuTt 
aifiouTV^ S\fil*/jia ftt] Ktipra \i-srap6y rpli^i^ iy fttWijaft 
fiiv oitra,^ aKKr^poripn 5' ^ vvKViaatv olSaXeot yip xal 
va-)^(ei o( ttXcmtm. nftnjyv Se S\t)i ttji rplifri'K Kt^aXif 
ipBlti TCTpi^dw. yvfivatria ra fit rov ai^iva Kal Upovi' 
j(ttpovo/ii7f travra oKoaa pai iiri aaoTtitpartKoiy XeKfierat, 
iXtff S« tvOtiBt ToO «€( <fi6prov. TrXtjv oxiaa a^vntpa j(p}i ri 
Twr£« yvpvfiffia tpptvai is iSpwra itai 0(pftsiv. TiiSt yitp 
iTMrra XtTrtt/va. arap koX iv rfu iravrl ^iip ypi} o^uSvpiifv 
a6pyt}rov efivoiJttv. 

Tpo<fiai vaaai ira^^eeo'i oavptoiat, Ktutov avra^fit hi, 
&pTot ^poTtpot, '^ovSpoi ttXitoI, Kai ta ix Twi-Sf potfujuara' 
T^ ik e<; ^boviiv ^ppoKa ravra tok irpoaBev. ritv Bpt/ietov 
Si vvv hrrta vkevva, veiripuK, ^tyyi^iptot, Xvyvarumv. 
ip^dppara £e, iC S^etK Kal Kvptvov, xal ijSe'a Koi ■)(pi)iJifut. 
Kpemy paXtara piv avelp-x&u -Trapirav et Se p^ 7r, <v rg 
6epaTTeiji' ^ Sk ttiv icu'X.T/^ii' eorw oKoo'a xovijia y ^iVi, 
o\6v T( tA tmivit, irKifv vijfftrrii' km Tp vk^i, Skw \aym>l, 
vStv ■triihet, rdptyot' tdi, fTrX roiat,, ii^s" dyaOov. oXrou 
vXtyovoaii), XevKov, XeTrrov. (vaiheoi, oupeopevov Xayai-oiv 
eif)6oiV, OKiiffa « tvMLpiy Sptpia Xeinvvat, ol-pa mivrjirat, 
oKoliv Tt Kpdpfirt, d<nrdpayo<;, Kvl&rj- iipStv Se OpiZaxivii i^ 
&p^' <ri«vw Bi Kal treirw dvipl piv xpartp^ ireptrri, twI 
hi Soriov pia^t 7*u<rio«. icaKav yetp riavBf r} trXtidit, ^v- 
■XP&v iovrmv itaX vypaiv. ovkov j^^Mpov KaX <rra^v\rj<; >J 

* I hiTc noi •cruplmJ. in iliinwii- 
leiicc, to Tollow Emicriiu in lubiii- 
liiling Tpifiii^iiiyf'iT Irovroiv, which 
hui no mcnning •uiinhtn to iho 

place TIi« puHge ii nill ob- 

• Inilcad of Iv luWiiati, EnncriiH 
rcnila l/tfiiktis. 1 am iluuhtrcil. 

xpoNrnN riAewN, biba. a'. 219 

"Opyij Si Mil XayveiT], koxov Kai fkp ro vp^fia tip! 
vovaou <f>(pti Ta tn''it^\a. airanj Si ti? ef Te /trrefeT*povs 
iarpow ffuvovaiti^. iird yap ^ Tin ^vtrtm «« avBpa fieref 
fioKi) dya&ov t* vptjaatt, fterf^mcfavra t>]V iraiha>v ifi6<rty 
wupta ^wovai^, ws" Satrtroy avappii>vov7t*i' arfvoiovat Si tt? 
^wnof T^c avTQfMTfiy trpo9e<7p.ii}v, itj> ^ Wt-ra yiyverat 
TO avca' i)S« 7ap ««iaTj) rfXtKij} auvrtierti t« oiKtMi tV 
^ovoif a>paioiat. ev ^(por^ fap oi vfrraffimt airiptuntt'i, 
yeveiov, iroXi^v. t/s wv iijrpoe wpoffaWafai t»)4 ^uVio^ 
ToiiTO fiky T^i" ip^&tv Ttav int€pi*aTt6ii i*eTa^o\i}Vj tovto H 
T^r « hcatrrou irpoOeffp^itiv ; iWii xal irpoirhur^av «'s r^r 
<j>vffiv Tov coo-'JfiaTot. ovukri. ykp fjKaipoi Tii-et «Kr( t^ 
^PXS ^* ^vovai)}s, vpoatvofiivot I'lapiy Toij TTpify^iaTOV. 

Biorfvai' Si jfpii €v X'"PV'^^ ^*Pi'*ji<"> f^pp"*- ^vxpw 
yip, Ka'i vypiiv, ^ vovatK. 

K<0. « . QtpaTTua MtAayj^oX/j^f. 

\tKoiai. a^' oi yirfv(r(u ^ voiiao'!, aXXa leal KaKoyyuit}^, owS* 
cJT* tTfUKp^ T^ TT\t'i0ei- yv fiiv we i)Xiie('jj^ i-et/v Xii/iJijTttt koJ 
<upi)« ^af3(i'i7«, rdfivetv ifiXli'ia ti;v ^' M7KWVI t^ 2ef ip ;i('i7^F, 
Sina<i airi -rov JjTrarw ti'tj emVatpo? ^ poij. To5e 7^^ to 
ffvXdyj^ov atfutrot ot Tnj7ttif x"^^' ^ ^ 7O'€0-i5, dfi^im 
fit\ay)(o\ii}i 7) TfW^ij' Td^>ie(i' Si ipjv tff^fot ftttri, Kal \fi- 
^ifiof ffttiKpov Se a^aipffiv, okotov aladotro To/xi}? »} iw- 

^qXa^Sei;, (cai irfnT;7OT d'lj to atfui, ical iii\av Siaot afiopytj, 
aWa ToSf eoTi TiTV Queries X^P°^ *"' ^ "^poi^A- ^^ ""' ""W 
2£oiaxi« woXXoc atj>e\si, arpo^i'jj r} ^iJO'jf ^fiVroTOi rqs 



ISptjf ^v Bi TToKvaifUK !?, ra irofO^ fiiv ov Kapra y^enu 
•troyyjpoir rafiVfiv Be rrjv <f)\i3a' tal /iij avrijiiap hKOaov j(pi) 
ii^ip/to', aW iit Biaixrainoi- /cal aiiT^/uip S£- to Bi wX^ 
Ob; BtiKiinTovff IV at Bwdftiift. fttoijyi Bi, aBporipwi Biairav 
^ oWijc KtveatTto^ virofj^v^v. j^pi/ yap xai t^ aropd^ 
ap^tiv, KoX Tp voffeovrt leaX Koftvovrt, r^St Tijs fu\a{y7i^ 
j(p\!}t iyK€op.4vrF{. ivivpoa$€v /«•}« Vf^iprji \«rrw5 Butrt)- 
SivTt, fit^voi fXXxfiopov SoTiw ^iiy fuXticp^^, irraSpcv 
ixoaov o\k^ Bvo. inrayft yip 3Se fuXtuvav x"X"jV arap 
Kal rov $vpov tov 'Attikou r; «ro/iij. KaX iJSe aytt p,tKeuvav 
j^XiJv apurrov Bi ^viifiiayovra BiBovai ixainov fUpo<; hi ck 
cXur^v < iuo ap^iv. \owiv tc inri tiJt KofidpauK, tau 
oivov 0paxv Zitovai, k<u rfjt SWt]<; -rijs tv r^ Tpo<}>ft j^iipiroi. 
0-rOfi(i)(pu yiip Ty Bwd|i(^ xafianjpw 4 Kaffaprnt. furra^at- 
yeiv ai$K ivl tA fU^ra- a^t Be Tpo)(a'K6aaVTa itriifKaa- 
ftart Kai T*7f», aiKvt)v irpht ri fprap km t»;v raiXi't^, tf to 
<rropa rain^v, -rrptXT^tiWetv. ^Se yhp fj u^aipeai^ voXKav 
Ti eirtKatpoript} ttjv ^\£^OTOpii}i' vpoa^aSXtiv Bi ital TOiO't 
fteraippevoifft pxa^-^v tmc wftorfkaTewv h-raiiffa tov oto- 
(Jidxov iinX 1} irpoa^vait. etr aiSi'i hravarpe^tv, neai. ^tf 
T^ BiMlrrj ^KaoTTjO^ r) hwapK, ti}V xc^aX^k (vpeetv' ^etTa 
viKVTjv 777 KfipoKji -TrpocfidW^tV, Kul yip ^ vpamf xal /le- 
yla^ T^'i vovffov iv Tola* vevpotvi^ avrlt]. aXX' oiiBi at 
ataOijiTiK iavi daivUi, eiceiBev yap trtfteeav ^ dm-Otrraan 
Hoi i; upx'i- ^vi^p^TTovrai Siv Kal aiBe, Kocvatal ovaai tjIJs 
trdSrfi- /iere^Tepoi. Be xai vapatuBuvotrrat, vapai^ps Trfi 
alirff^fftov ^ij Bk ftaXiara t^ arop-dyip iipijyeiv, Koi ToCSe 
voaiovjw, Ka\ t v t^iBe Ti}« /teXati-T;? Xo'>>-'Yt eyKtt>p,ivti^. VfTri- 
OKeiv S}v ^v "^^^ yyXov tov AfyivBiov fi/cf^ws, uiro ff/uKpov 
TOV fuyideo'! a^P^ KvdSov. Ka>Kvp.a yap ToBe ^oXrj? ya/e- 
ffW!. arfaOov Be koX aXo*;, ffie yap inrdyei «« tJ icmtw 

' Wigun uid tCrmerinv haro rriy veitwn, Pciil itiggcsU h- rolm 
)>n>perlT lubnUDled (hl« wnrd Tor JXXoiai. 



ivrtpw rrpf yoXijc. f^v fiiv S>v veoroKOf to urtiffm ^, Kol /lif 
voXJmv &pSpanroi iierpavp, oin SKXryt /tiv eirl roifft itjtrtc^, 
T^ Si XflMr5« BialTr)<t Jipitx;, li rt ifaXtj^tv ti5? ff «n, koI ii 
KaSapviv ajcptffia rot) va$«K, icai Ur)(i>v T^t iwafxio^, uti /tlf 
vaiuv&pofUfaai at vovffof ^paato hi alOi<i riiv (v tJ «na- 

*Hv S« htl ToXaZt a/u«p6v rt inroinai^aaa f) vovtrov woXi'- 
vopao^ o^Sp, fif^ovtov iieioiV ■xfiio'i. ftt/ S>v afi^oX-V ;^oVou 
yvyviaffof dXX" ^ iv'i ayia\ yuvaiKot itaTafj.ijvi<ov, ff avSptK 
aiftoppoiSatv pooo, ^ voOaot vapfj, ^peSi^dv ra ^wput, vp<f 
j[«tv Tt TOW fui^^eor ijt" hk /icXXij «eat /ir) ijitj), aWjj inj 
TOW aiiMTTOf iierappvevTtK, hrtffv^pjffj 8e ^ vouaw, KtvmauK 
mU«a$ai axir^, ifffop-evov aitb^ twv c^vpSiv. icfpf fif} « 
5<70V j(p^ iirreuSfV atJHks^, koI rtiv eir' ayicwi rufiVftv ^\£0a, 
fitin]yi> Si TpiS>v $ rtaadpeov ■'}p.epSiv ava$pi^io<{ t^k iVji^v 
T^ KaOapr^piov (fxtpfuutov ■tfiTruTKttv eirsna aticvtiv TfHat 
p4(rotai vpoa^dXKeiv, t^ tj-jrari iy)(p(p/jrrovTa, ■Kp^aaetv re 
TO, epya § rdj^ upvoyra. afiiKpolni p,iv yap a/etai oi 
VtiOera*. le^v e* Tii fifydXa trjOvrg, iv SSpr/ ijti ij p,£\ay 
X'>\lf' tai f/v Ttdvrrf tov atoparoi ivotit^at}, aiaStjaeai, 
yvu)fi^, ai/iOTi, ypX^, Xafiijrat Bi Kol vtupav, avri) Tf ii 
oi^KEffTov Tphreroi, etrrucnt' re Tp ffin']ve'i erepav vamjfUi- 
TMV TOKOvi, aTraap,QV, navliyi. "TrapaKvaio^' KrjV ck fteXarf- 
jjoXwjt Toie yiyyt]Tai, ra tiriyiyyofteva dvrjitftTra. fWeffop^ 
*Jv jfpiiaOai « iijfftv TOV kukw. hriirpoaBtv Se tou «\Xc- 
ffipov j(pi} r6v re <rr<>ita\ov /i^Xer^ffo* i^nietv, xol tA 
^7^ Xetrrvvai, icai rb tricrivov eijpoov wotietv e/trrot Si r^Se 
TTjjijVtrouiTt, aWort ftiv 0( k^ffrtes, aXXore W pa<paviSii. 
^pda<a Si r6v t« rpovov xai t^v CXjjv ^pdastt Si tcai tou 
iXXfffopov ri tiSta, icaX rijv j(pi'i<rtoi Toi)? rpiinns, mi 

* "The romtnon rriulln^, lynrdi Rrmerlnt. In prcfOTCiicc lo JycpDriT, 
being «vii1cntl}' iTindmusiMc, I hnvs u >ng2<>"*d V Pctic. or J^xuii u 

nnri oepaheias 

ipi^tr. avtaror, hrl rtwtBt et fii} eKvOrj ^ to irafivav ^ 
VoOffO^, 4 iroXXoir Mwv t^X^ SmXei'^utf. ra voXKa yap 
rov&e throroiKOi fuXaryoXMU' fjr Be t/iveSo^ ijBe, ftii ^£17 
vtptn^ytiv. -jfpij mv to it toc ^'Ktffopov avavra vpij^irttv. 
irfuav fUy mi* avavrav irowetv n^warov tovv voa&trrai- ^ 
y&p tlv hjrpwt Kpiaaxev $eov.* avovitp' he Koi SiaXtliftia^ 
Koi vovaotv eviKpu-^iat, B{n}v Bifu^ Irfrpov. ti mv an-avS^r 
^i ToTo'Se Kiu mrapvfiaSat, irpoiv^opivovt to avaX6e^, 1} 
xol f? rfXot TOMTi ^pyoiai ofuXiftv iitovai Se xai rift ''*(^ 
T% hi aXvt]'^ aXKoTf kh'i aX^-orf teatpiov yap ^tipftaioy 
Tfl? /ttXayxoXii]^ To8e, a-ropa^ov, Kai rJTnmK, Kai X"^^ 
KaSap<TiC'i dxot iov arap jcol /uiXiiyj? irvipfumK, oKoaav 
S\k^ Spaxjiiiif, viiriffKetv (irv C>&iti, Spurrov irtlpg tm 
eiTMrrwcraro. ^lyita Sc td»>- airXni' tpap/Mitmv dX\a oXXato-i 

TtpoitTi yap « /lo- Tov t% I'lp-petij? icatpov ^ vovaw ^{ Sp<7! 
S{ ^xii'ij^i;' ^v Se ct afttTrXoiTtv anpKav «at fii/va/i<(K Hv^pta- 
iro5 ^WTj, fi'yaTTijXaft; WiTa t^« votioou Tfl 'ij(ritL. hvva/iK 
piv yap ^vauK vyeiay Tuerfi, aaBeveia hi rowrov, avhtt 
Stv iv avdXtpfriv o voffiwv, ire^vKwrt fftppoiot vBao't fvSiai- 
•ntfi/tv<K. KOJ. yap ra ev Tour&e ^ppmea oiniuna,* ■m'^Xtsv , 
17 Suof, ^ <mrrrrr}pli}, troXkov wXfCves Tovritcv aWat Bvm- 
ptK. ayadov piv yap vypaffirj e'f avi(jiov Trfi vovaov «u 
ToKaiiTiapiri t^t t^tof* apaiaX &€ km, paXffaxal aapMti 
^ioTcX irpov a^eo-tf toS foo^/tarof' ^pal Zf xa! irvxvol 
Toit ^Xivy^oXtua-t ai a-apxe^. aXeippa Xttrapov apa rpii^un 

tvajpovt, iroXX^ t« Xwat Se'^vra 

aprot irXtrrol, fi/v Tifi ^Xfxet, mpai'f Tp Kptirue^' kcu mat- 

' HiiijuxTBt. Pr.>irni»t. * Wigan faa* ■nhtllditfid ihla ruid< 

* It is » occttucd i[> all thg MSS. iog for AtfMJy ry np^'i- 
and cdliioni. 




ayputrvii] Si aireirrov, arpo^ov^ KafiaTtjpov t» aie^vei, a$u- 
/tov, tvtrapiiyarfo^ ^ fvaifiiy Sio raSe pJii&iai^ fiaivovrai wai 
fu\ayxoKiovffi o'lhe ^fufxipov ^i o /i*Tpios, e« ti^h -rije 
T/)0i^7« olKm-o/*it)V, Koi it avdvavXav t&v Si' ^(lipat leafi^ 
Tav. wpovoia km, hrifiovrj* irpoe&pit} t^ koiXujs ^ aTro- 
Kptvir hiawoit^ yap 17 ^«tf(i>v alrlri, icoi\(t}. dvuTpt^ss 

hreira vwrou icai -rXevph^v, (xrvara KfpaXifi' airi TOvriav 
Vtpivarot, xpo<nji^« /*^ &fr^6ev Koi hi anviravatv, tvi- 
Tpo)(ot &i 01 liivoi, ^pe/ii'ij, KaraoTafftf toS irfev^iaT'ov Arl 
Toir74 vtpiird.Toiai ^ttw. ava^vitiv j(pi}, rotci ffapitn 
^oyyotai ftaWov ^eo/*«fov i^ieiv. if«« -yap, kc^oX^ 
SMMTTafftef, KpoTtl^v iraX/ioi, ^xc^uXou Biav^v^ui, 0^- 
OaXftAv vpriffia, ^xuv oxaij' fUTpiij o^txfitavli) K(if>a\§ ir^ 
urrov erttra Si Katp6^ alwp^, ^ Buiirvoiiv tov Tra^To; 
K(ifia\^<; ffdptot, it\^$o9 Si trrtu ttoXXov, iTXijv oKoaov 
aKafUtroy ^- fi.i]Si ivi iXifHOuTi rotot tow \iopiov, ftriSi 
fuv^ifoi Kafiirsai, aitiip^ yirfvicOot. IXiyymv yAfi ToSe 
vpoK\)}<rm. €iiOies Si km fiuKpol xai \itoi itntov xaX ol 
irtpliratot. f/y fiiv «av (v tfffi trntrt aplarov, &prov ftivov 
oplytty, iicoaov fiiSiv iftvoS^v rourt yVfi^affioia^ ittftfVM, 
upti-sfnti^Oat yap j(p^- xc^^oX^ tttu x^tpt^, ical at r&vSt 
Tpi^(*V ^i Si Totffi olov vptjitii rft avdjtXTjtTiy dt'p/itjc, icaX 
evaapitiifv, futl TDiiou' hnvra lee^aXiiy Tpi&tff6(u SpSiay 
hevriov ^{ovt iftrijfpvra' arip leal 7<i yv/j^data i'i rpaj0- 
Xof vp'jota'!, Kai it titaaftov j(itpajv aiiyrtivfi, «uiriu£<vTOif 
inrtpatMpnhna St j(fn} rijv Kt^idKriv, km rtit i^iani •fufun^ur 
Xtipovofii^, 4 Sw-jewf /SoX^f ^ ^XoyttxtOyra irvy/xff kmcov 
Si a^ipa, fUKpf} T* letd ft^dKij- tS)'; yap w^oXij? xai tS>v 
o^OoKfiitv cu hy^Ut Tt km ivtnaaw: aKort^/utra irotiovaiy. 

■ Eniiflrinf alM ara«M tliSM ti«cded. 
wutdi, which do not wem to be Wig>n. 

S(«, fuiUicr, PmU ud 


nF.n nF.i'AnEiAS 

Sievt vpoeMepiv^iTM ixairrov jfpi}, xoi omw A- roioc iftiniai 
Ap^iv. iirtatov, ^i roiaht d /xtf i\v$ii i<t to vd/ivav ^ 
vovaoi, ti woWaiv exfwy ta^X* S^i^t^^'Of- tA ifoXXA 7^ 
ToDSe <nroTOicO( /M;Xa7;^oX^' i>)v 2« Ifivf&K i)St, fti) H&fi 
vifiifUvfiv. j(pij (3v tA « Ttfv fWt^opov airairra vpijatrtw. 
ty*^« fMv wv aiTavTa<i irottfiv aivvarov tow voffwvrae" ^ 
T^f) Av ItjrptK Kptaawv Seov.' iirovi^ Si Kai BuiKft^uK 
KtA vovamr hrtKpir^ia^, Sp^v 0ifiK irjrpov. >) uv avavStjr 
iirl rmaSf Koi a/trapvetaOat, vpoiayofiivow "rh ava>>$ei, ^ 
leaX « T^e toht* fpyoiat 6fit\Mr BiSivat Si xal t^* «p% 
T% B(' rtXojj* aXXore xal aXKorf naiptov yap ^dpfiaxov 
T^ f«Xo7;p)X/ij« ToSe, aTOpd-)(OV, Kai iJjraTiN, mm ;^oXq9 
Koffapmo^ oKOi iif arap Kal fuOtA^iji w(p{taTot, OKoaov 
hXiojfi ipayjA^v, vi-jriuicdv fvv vSart, apierrov "irelp^ ti« 
imrrbiffaTo. ftvpia &i rMV iv\Av ^>aft/*aKtav aWa £'\Xoi<rt 

'BttX Si joiui, vovota* TioTirfie h ivaXr^^w 5r/tiv. fiert^ 
ripoitri fhp h p.iv TOf T^ t'}Tpeiii<! xatpov »; voOcw ^f fSp^i 
Si iicivtj&T)- r)v Si ev avdvXaaiv trnpK&v xai Swtf/jto? mvffpio- 
wos jjvi;, ^vvavrfKaSri irdvra t^ vovaov tk X-)(yui. Bwajm 
ftev yip ^vaioi irffiav Tiiertt, daBeveta Si voOffov. dvirv 
&v ^ aviiXipfriv o votrttav, ireiftv'toiTi Sfpfioifft CSavi ivSuu- 
•ni/itvtK. Koi fkp ra iv rourSt if>dpfi.aica ovjitrra,* a<r<f>aXTK, 
fi Qftov, tj artfTTTtiplti, voWov wXevve^ rovritav dWat Swd- 
fuet. dya06v fiiv yitp ir/paai^ ef avxfiau rfft mvirou kcH 
ToKaivtapip t^ l^ata^' dpaiai &e koI fia\$aKai vapien 
floral ir/w atfxiTty rov voa^/iarof- ^pal Si km wvicvai 
TOK iie\arfj(a\miTi ai ffdpieev. aXetftpM Xtvapov SfUt rpl'^at 

tia^MVV, iroW^ t«o Xl-rrai Se^t-ra 

dproi ttXwtoI, fwi* rtct yXvKfl, <npai^ ry KprfTtic^^ Ka\ <rKV- 

* Hippocnt Aognnal. 

* II i) 10 MNenttd in ill tbo MSS. 

ud edition Ik 

' Wlcnii hnfi i-ubftilii(cd this tv»i- 
ing for Sitpaini nf icpqri. 



Koi y^vxpcriptty xal Bepfiwv, ritv yvfitiiv otto tou onpa- 
KuSeor KpfAv, ri ft!} viom Koi trfiJjyfta-Ttuhfa- <nji»v fiev vo- 
Sw, Ktu th Tijs lee^oX^f, smjvii' ra irrtpa airtova' BtjpUev, 
"Karfuiw, BopiedSav, ■jnaiico^' offtopij?, oKotov t* apto^roi' |J. 
Ari Tj ToO OT0^j;oy uvatfiopff irpontjOifafai vpi t^? t^o- 
^gv, flfNv ftfi KaTairo$fi^ avfufrrai. BtSoytu Av irpi> vdv- 
Ttav atritav ptkinptfrov, Kv&Bov ijfAiav, Kal vtovra i^ftfitv 4^ 
Ttjv TfiC ffTO/ui^ov KaOapffiv. (5& ytip ffoi r; rpotfn] itpaiij 
fifvei' ^pfiojta Se toiv ivar/ieaitov fcaSapTt^pia, trirvof nap- 
TTOT Mu KviStfi, T&v trr-tpfjarwr rov kokkoXou, km veiripiw, 
afivy&aXMv al irtitpai, ical ne\t {) r^Sf >} ^virratm' ffv Si 
^piivai 0eXj!<t, apitrrov ap.upva, KOx Ipti^t ^ pi^. Kal ri £i^ 
Toiv fftjpimv <f>dpfiaicov, leal ^ rau BtjoTivou, icai MiffpiZdrov, 
Kai aXkat, p-vpiaf rrndt^fiara Se, ^ twi- ^orXtw/nirwv vkif, 
fteKiXtoTov, ical ft^ita>vei, ital repfLivSou Bdtcpvov, xai vaartMrov, 
KM X(V<K TO anro poBwf, fj tijs oiVuvdiji. KtipOi S4 rot/rimv 
vdvmv Traiyoq. SXxififia Xivapov awpai' Trtpi-naroi- aXX' 
oaa trapKuv tc avavKaaiv iroietrai koI SwdfUiK tax^' ''**^ 
T^v ^vo-iot is TO apxoif" "■mKaTavrastv, 

• * * &ca>« iv vrfl Kal 7aX»;»T;. KaX yap, et €vTv}(pi^ o 
Vov4aiv, iv ffaXawj) ytrfvon' &v atiapi) Koi ffioT^. koI yap 
7c ^ipof C! Ta S\K€a ^vv&iBu>ai aXfirf utro Be TJj'; alatpjji; 
i^r}'Tv)(d<3<*T^\plfOM vvvXitrap^Xiirai, eVt Tgen rpi\^efft 

i$eX^ "araiovov/xfvov <lir' 0X^7011 «<e irpotraytoy^t, 

« KorOXat irivre, ») i^, f/ woWov n ir\tiov f)v Bi fiij, o/roVoc 
T« SvvjTai' woWoKi yap roSe fiovvov avrX irdo^^ rpo^ij^ 
^ipKtvf yaXa Be »)Sii ftiv TrpuvdpacSac itulv Be p^i<mv. 



iitty ti rtpfrvw t^ yfiot^ ^dpi/uucav Si apnfpi'g Sjttf^vov, 
Sumfpota-at ffpor/x^v, iyuv ^Xeyfui, wirircov, okiadrjpov Si 
T^i' Karat Sie^Sov' eXunfO't Se ^'ipftaitav y\vKV leai aXXou 
wayrhi evfifyfintpov. tjv fiiiv ur tic jroXXof rovB^ wi'itj, 
ovSe/tttjf rpoifi^i <I\\i)« XP^"^- "ya&ov yap iv vova^ fet 
^dp/ioKov ydXa rmirtfy yiyvt<r0ai leai rpo<f»'iv. koX yip 
avdpanmv ray yaXoKTot^ayav ri iOvea viToy oiuc tSw 
SpiffToy Si ^vv ydXajcTi, Kal ttoXtoi, teal trpia, mi -jfovSpot 
irXiTol, KaX oid/aa iiiffrk iie yaXoKTov yiyverai. ttal rpo^^^ 
f^ irtpti^ Sep, &TW opoit}, vriffdtrr}^ 6 ^u^at, «frir«rTw, Xtrq' 
j(pi} Si TOffOvSf r)Svv$ai, ixwiov fiup^dveaSat tart fititaTf 
^v ical Tuv re ^Soffjv rt Xofiffdvji, xai roSe eatw ^dpfuueov, 
Xiyvariieov KOp.'i}v, y\r})^va, f)ivoff/iOv, d\&v ^pa'jfv, *(foc, 
ij pi\i. f}v ftiv aTvp^j(ov d-Tretrreii, ToSe trape^fttv i)v Si 
fiTlSiv 5Se irpoaavayKa^ii, irdyruv tort wtjo-uvij icpiaaetv 
i^etrri Sk rriv irrto-dwji' ^s jfovSpov dWd^ai: d<f>va6T€pK yop, 
KOt fvvertroTfpoi /cat ff/ii/y/iOTtoSr;? i/v en wriwaw; irrtaOg.* 
iv T^fft vyporipTjci. avarjcayriiTt, xvafiov HoBalpu eXitta, dXX' 
fart if>iJ<fa)B'!<i. iriffo^ Kai ^poi. oKuaoy a^vcortpa, to- 
aitvhe iXxfojv aica$apr6repa. ^vyrtitfuup6p.wvov &V vr/w r& 
■jrapiovra, roiaSt j^pijcSaf j^ti Si airriw, &viTa Kat iiri 
•rrrurdtn} XeXtmai' d>a Be e« impot p.iv iiBapea, Sfpfui' 
ipiarov Sk €K ^^v dpTiToica, -rpiv Ti}v * * * * 

* * * ifrrari IXicov lot oXiBpiov. 1} ^aXeirardTrj Si ^ t^I" 
ya(rripa ^vppoia roO irvov, >;v tov arofia^ov t<r)0 oSi>v ft 
T^v &VO ^p^v. Tpoif)'! yap alrij} toO ^jv rpo^ifi Si ^e- 

' Tlic cumiiiuiL ipQilltig ii iiv ini natift jmirO^, tlif monuing uf which 
W£ TTiBiin) /iiyiiaTiiifiit iirriiflw; setiiui Ki niu very unuivCtiiL 
whii-h Eniicriiu nltcn 10 a/t^yi't'- 



/iiiv o oTOfiaxiK' trori xol to. ^apitaita d£< TOMrt clcro* 
Sta^epet. ^v uv irpo'! atravra fiiv Skvo^ Karavovto^ ?\0ri, 
ffaaaov iK0aviiv arayieif viatp T< Kal Xift^. yvatfiaTa Bi 
iicavrou ytitpov, ottjj to vvov rp^^rerai, rrtpa tal Prepa, 
fiv Tc ht ivrepmv ^ti/, trrpoi^oi, 'yaertjp irfpi], tpXeyfuira koI 
J(oXr], eTTfira fi/v ireptppo^ a!/td\ai}r, ^ irepiVXuixK Qieoiij 
Kpe&v itft&v ^v Si ^ Kvariv «rf, ffdpot fv vei^pouri koI 
oa^iii. T^ i*iv &v TTpura ^roW^ koI jfoKoffa^a' hrtvra 
ffoKepi, avvTr^arara km. JiKaTrvrraTa' eirt irafft Si ital 4 
vnitrracii Xevici] irapdij- f/v Se i^ OToixaxpv acw {>(Trji, 
vavrb), iiro^nlf}, turroi ^X^/uirot, fi X^^^'t Xt(7roft;/iMj, 
eKoroBivifft ft^fftpt ^vppayp, 

MaKtirra fiiv S>v atroTpeirfiv ■nfvSr' ironjp^ 75p 17 J8iK> 
iJk S^ to ttvov fftatoTepoy pevar), j(pi) Trayra iroieetv KaX T^ 
OTOfiAj(tp apifftiv KoX Tpo^^m, Koi, ^apfiAicotai, Koi hialrtut, 
irdvra fteiXij^oK. ipappdicoiffi ei rijv To5 KeiKirou parf^V 
ffoT^vT)^ TTJ^ uaawvov fiic fix\i,Kp^Ttp ■Kvtruiiuiv, real trpa- 
viov r^v leip-ij^, ical njffSe ^vv fi^XiKpi^rw xal x"^ '^ 
a^ivSav. TtiBf fUvroi Trpit t«v viTitisv ttIvuv ^wy, w? 
XctttA ftiv ra vypa yi-^infrat, fSpoa Bi ri ■)(topia, iSprjKta Si 
tA tfivva axiofLara. StSovai icai $vav yaXa, Xitov, aj(aXov, 
etiTpe^oi', ii rvpav iavinarov, ffjrep tori r/aKaicfoi; aper^. 
vpfMrriBti hi Ka\ '^upna'; ito/uitoc ital aiTov. k^v fiiKp^ 
\t(pa Twv w^XoVnov ttafft, SiSovat, — ea^at yap Sti$oSov 
vavruoSei koI arip-JTel iiyp^' — fiere^ertpov^ y^p ^ toO ttvou 
SioStK 0\d^ai. fi^int rt Ka\ atroffVTot, taorraf Kiiy re 
\6^co<Ti tmjfi^, j(pi) Si icai i-nX Tpct (tXXijffi iitpojjvi 
TTavToitjv fif\(rr]v tov aTOfid)(pv troUttrdai' She yttp ^ vdv' 
T«k tf/apfulicw ^8(f«' fifp-v^aOat Si Kal rov tJ^toto! J(p«ij>v, 
Sv&a tw iXx^atv iirrl t) pi'Jbt.' fjv St iv Kurnv opft^, olipm- 

' Thongb I bnvo not rcnliircd 10 not tee ihe >ignlllcADce of Ibc iMtcr, 

alMr the text, 1 luusl mf that I whweu the fonoer u of rnquent 

think Uie iriio noxlinic woulil bo uie wEih onr author ■■ tpplicd lo 

fXi^ur, intUHul or i\tivv. t can- >ha lirer. 

aa ni;pi oEi'AnKiAs xponiqn nAenN, biba. a". 

Tumtvt i^arfuv, aadpou ttjv pt^V^t ""^ ^ov, Koi aiuiirTOV, 
xal f*']OV, rmv ifLTTOTtav. TiiBt fUirroi fw fttKutpt'ir^ vtvl- 
aKttv' TTouriXai' fiiv to Stjvrivov i^pfioKoy, koI ri Bii r&v 
^LXToX/Soic dpioTov, iJS* 6xo9a StA iretptfi Ttol nraii^'n^tu. 
ijv a Si fvreptov ayji?, to arftoyiy ^i? ya\a, fuiXiirTa fiev 
ivov, r))' a (J,!), alyoi, ^ ftjjXatv, j(yXoi Si o\ia0t)poi koI 
aftfiyfiaTaiSf€<t, i ri)? tm<ravr)sr S-^a, vhrtpt, fyyyifiepi, 
XtfiumKOV. A.dpoov Si ftpfia&tu a/upl vturrfi Siahiji, i^rl 
vturji avppi^^i, rpotfiM fthf ei';^iVM)t, ewrrofio^i, tinr€7rTot' 
H ■)(v\ol, t) 01 Sii ydXaieroi iroXrot, iJ^uXo?, irpta ^v» ya- 

K<0. t^. QfpoTrtia SirXi/i/of. 

Stippov' TOO ewi im-Xijci >Mrtit oil ptjitrrat. ijy Si Kol 
ivroTOitot riovSe yovaoi yevtuvrat, CSpioy^ ^ *''X^f'''?» AesXXo 

TO KOKov « av^K&rroy, tov ij}Tpov tov antppov 

IjyrOat. ^rj &v airoTpeTrav 'yufVapAvavi, koX \vuv apTt 
ap)(p(Leyow eviaraffdai Si 7^0** ^Xeyftov^ffi, ijyircp ot 
aitlppot SidZojfov . . ^ . is Sutirvoijv dytavrat . . . • t^ 
diTOirrao-tv. raSe yip 0X€7/««<rti)?' * * * * itp^jplotci, &i 
j(pi€a8at QK^aa fioi iv Tj/ut a^djjtri XfXeicrai. fjv Si iravra 
aoi vpt'fffaovTt if ^\^fiaaiy 6 viclppo<i ififLfp^ let^ irvpl 
iKe\oiffi XP^" ^* /wiX^of (V Tije ffjfXijpio?, Teyfeat St ofc'o; 
xai iXalov, xai fiiKiro^ ayri Se €lpiav Trrvytut-Ta wrw airo 
\Lvw. ip/iraffOdv wSe t^ ftvpo0aKdyov <reoTjiT/tev7;v, iiri- 
itKmtp^mI Tf roiai lidKffaKorrdroiai. * * « ♦ 

' LiiliJL'l anil Sciitt, confonnabty lo analogy, but in opposition tu general 
luxgd, read attpot;- 






e<po»iIa'VJptiiro£ • • • • • • a'. 

Bipairiia ^lafl^rov , . . ^ . . p. 

Btpizwtia rSr sari nis Vifpoic TaBHv . . • 7'- 

Btpatnia riv iv Kuvri ••••"• f. 

Bipamia rowppolit ■'• 

QipaTTila Sro/jajfiicwf .-..<■ v'. 

0ipawiia KoiXiatijs tutOhiot > ■ ■ . > !'. 

&tpartia CwXuwv • • * • * • i|'. 

Bipamia AuBiirrpiijc ■••••• fl". 

6[f>airr(a AHivri/iiifc ••••••,■_ 

Btpairiia "TaT'pxvv •••••• la'. 

6£pariia 'ApSptniot eil 'Icrxwiof " ■ * . i^'. 

6lpair((a 'BU^vroc ly'. 

Q 2 


nF.ri OF.t>AnF.[\£ 

lardrat ri TVfVfia' (uveKiaafTai yap r^ KVKXifi. Bimjtrn 
Bi vKoratfiarov leal TTJt eir(Xtj^i»;« TrpokXtjirii:- airo ii rij* 
ataipjfi, vtpitraro': t'ipffialo<r iiKira t} ^av)(tV' ** iiroKar^ 
c^tUTiv jov iv TJT ataips -rapuxov yviwa<ria hi fwt toI'toi^i 
irpo5 X^V"*^' Tpifffvrtov tarn aKpaiv atf> ^ittrv/iffiou \tvotat 
tiftotai'' aXf(ftf*a fii] Kapra Xiirapov Tpi-<frt^ iy /MXXr;ff«( 
fih oSffo," CKXripoTtpi} S" « vvKvoiffiV at'^aXeoi yap Kal 

a^di'i) Terpi^ffm. yv/j-vatrta ri tK TOf a^cva (cai Wfww 
j(eipovofiijy ■jrdvra OKoati (tot hrl ffKOTWfianitAy XeXe/crat. 
oXif Se (vdtiBe roil ixti tfioprov. irXriy oxSaa o^ii-tpa xf'l "^^ 
T&vZe yvfLvdata eppevai J<t iSpStra Koi 6ippt}v. TiiSe yip 
travra 'Keirrvrfi,. aritp Kal iv t^ vavrX ^itp ypif Q^uBvfiirfv 
aopyrfTov ffiiroteeiv. 

Tpo<f>ai wao'iu •Tra)(ieai oinrpioia'i, KtucoV viraiSeK Si, 
aptoi ^parepoi, ^oi-Spot ttXitoI, Koi ra ex raii'Se pot^^/iuTa' 
ri- 6« « riBovtiv ^ppOKa TOtnct. roll vpoadev. tS>V Kpt/iduv 
St vvv Itmt irXfvva, T!-eit-(pKK, ^lyyi^epim, XtyvtmicaS. 
i/i^dfifiaTa Bi, Si S^fKut xal KVfi.{yov, xal r;Sea Kal ^p^vtfta. 
Kpeotv /idXtrrra fiiv dTr(ipx$to Trdfivav el Be p./] yt, iv Tff 
Oepaveiff i^ Si riiv dvti\ti>lrty Saroi tiKtiaa xav^a 5 ^ilff*, 
olov n ri imp/li, irXijv y>']<r<r'}^ leai rg tri^^i, o«u)s Xayaol, 
iav iroS«, rupij/iK- xdi <Vl ToiVt, Sii^v (iyoftji'. oirov 
iXiyoiroeriti, Xevxov, XfTTTov, «vci>Seo«, ovptop-ivav Xa^cii^l' 
i<f>Oiv, oKuff-a it tOvafiiy Spi/iia Xt-n^vvai, oS-pa Kivtjaat, 
OKoiov ri Kpd/iffj], dtnrupayoi!, Kvlhrf i>p.SiV Sk GptSoKivi) (<}>' 
&piy aiKvoi Si Kal vejroiv avSpl fiiv Kpartp^i vepi-rr^ rierl 
Be SoTiov fiia^i ytCaiov. kokov yhp tmi'Sc »} •jr\j}0v^, ^u- 
■XpSav iovToiv Kal vypuv. cvkov ■)(Kfapov Kal ara^vXrit ^ 

* I htxe not Krupled, In ihii iwn- 
Iriica, to IblloiT Ennntiiia in aubiii- 
Tiillng TfiiptvTvr for IviuToiv, which 
bni no inoBiiiiiE luitnblu 10 thr. 

IiUcc Tli« pasBn({u it ttiU ob- 

* Imltad of Iv ^kXX^iri, Ennon'ni 
rcAiU f/i/itXqc. ] am doiibiriiL 


%p^i« wpaior wtprn-sToc ciri TO«ri Si BviiijBiTi aXw 

voviTou ^ipet ra tn'iftffoXa. airdn) 5e Tt? I* Tg /wTeferepow 
MTpow ffvvovuiTjs. i-Trei yap ij t^s; 4>vaios fk avSpa /«to- 
ySoXi) 070^01' T« irpijo-irei, fi^e^iaaavro Tiiy vaiiiav tftiiiny 
impfi ^wovaiT), WW 0aaaav dvapfitoaovre^' ayvoeowi Be t^ 
^vixtot rify ai/ro/Mi'njv irpoBeaftiijv, i^ ^ Wkra yiyyerai 
tA JiKta' !j&e yap iKiiaiTi ^Xtxip avvrt/ertt ra oiittia ef 
j^oyoti dipaioiat. iv ^(povtft yap oi Treiraap.oi tnripfiaroi, 
yeveiou, iroXi^^. riV tliv ii/rpoi TrpocraXkii^ai t^v iftvtrtot 
■nouTo ftfv T^y apx^Sev twc {nrfpfiarwv firraffo'Kijv, toOto Bi 
rijy iv iieaoTov vpo$eap.ij)v; aXAa Ktu vptxriiar^v i^ rifv 
^viTir TOW voat^fiaTO';. ovKert yap SyKatpoi tivk cctai Tjj 
apj(^ TTTV ^vvovaitj-;, irpoatyofiiyoi utopir) tou "TTp^yparoi. 

UuntVfiv Bi j(pi} (V jftop^at Stpft^^t, ^p^at. ■^u)(poy 
yAp, Koi vypiiy, f/ voivot. 

K«0. ('. ^(pofJTua MeAayx*'^''?'* 

Xpew fiovX^i afi^l atfutrot iifiatpitTio^ iv rolat ywXtty;^ 
XtKourt. a^' ov yiyvefai t) yoiiaoi, aWa ital Kaieoj(vniyi^, ou5" 
(vl ffitiKpip T« 7rXi}tft"(' iiv fiiv (OV »jX(i»'i)« yiiit Xn^ijroi xal 
MpTji; iapiytf'i, ra/tfetv ^X^5o rljy iv' ayiciivi t^ Be^ip fUfffjv, 
OKWS UTTO TOW ^aros ffij eir/*catpo« 1} pot). roBe yap to 
aTrXdyj(Vov a7/Mi7o^ at injyai, )(9^V^ ^^ ^ yevtam, afi^w 
lif\ayxoKii}-t ij rpo^^- rap-vuv Bi id}v tirxyoi ttoai, leal Xxi- 
^i/ibi' afUKpisv Bi d<fiatp€ei.v, OKoaov ataBoero To/t^? ij Sv- 
tra/tn' OVK iXfy^firj Bi evi t^ tov^j. leal yap el -narjiy, Koi 
^oXuS«v, Kai wemjyM elt/ to oI/Mt, koi fiiXav okok uftopyi], 
uXXd roBt iaj'i T^e ^tiirtov o x^pav Kat ij ipo^. ^v Ai- toO 
SiovTOS 7roXXo>' a^X»j«, t'npo^iji ■>] <fiv<rit i^ifftaroi t^s 



Sjjij?' jji' hi iroXwuftm jj, tA itdXXA fiiv ov xapra ylrftcriu 
tcoirrfpvv TtifiVfiv Bi t^v ^Xt'iSa' «ai fii] aiirijfutp OKoaov j(pl] 
aifyiip^tiv, oXX' fic Stoffruffio;* <cat ai/rQ^to^ Se" to £c itX^ 
ftw Si)\awoi«riv ai iyvo/uw. fttVfjyi Si, aSporeptos Siaerai' 
it aWiyi Ktvtotjioi tnrofiov^v. j^i) fkp xai r^ trrofta^ 
aprf^tv, Koi t^ voaiovri Koi icaiJ.vQvrt, r^Sf rifi iMKatvitt 
yvX^i iyKtOfUyriv. hrivpoa0tv |iitjs »}^«p^? XeirrA? htaTt}' 
$bfn, fUXam &t\eft6pov Sortov ^vv fitXixp^^, arti0/iov 
iKOffOf oXxii &va. inrdyti yap oSf fUXatvav X"^'?*' arltp 
Kot Tou 6vp,ou Tov 'ArrtKov •} tofiTj, itai ')Be ayti fitKoAvav 
jjoXiJv" apiffTov Si ^vfifiitTfovra iiBovai licdaTov fKpo^ ev «! 
iXidjr <. Sim) aft^If. "Kavtiv re diro T17V KaOdptrttK, wo! 
olfov 0pa\v tihovat, «aJ tt)s oXXi]? t^ iv rp Tpo^p jfaptTtK* 
VTOfjAj(ov yap T^ Bvvdfi4i Kafiamtpov ij itdOapoK. /ifraffai- 
vttv avOii (ttI Ta fUa-a' aj^pi H trpojfaXdaavra effisrXa^r- 
fiaTi Kai ffy^i, tnKvi)v irpoi to fivap nai rijv KoiKirfv, ij to 
arotia raOrr}<:, irpoc/JaXXwv. ij5e yttp ^ u^oi'joecrif iroXA^ 
T( itrneaiporipr} t^s <f>\f^0TOfti7]if •trpoa^dWttv &f ical TOifft 
fiCTatf)p(voiat [tfOTiyi) twv w;uMrXnT<o»v OTffii^a tou itt«- 
fia'xpv iarX if -TTpoff^vai^. «t' aiidii erravarpei^tv, Kai ^v 
Tp SutiTT} ffXacrriBp ij £(ivo/i(«, Wjv xci^nX^i' fvp€«»'- eTreira 
ffiiwijc T0 Kcipa\§ irpoaffdXKeiv, xai yap t) wpwiTj itaX /w- 
yurrrj t^; vovaov iv roiai vcvpotai' atrii). aXX' oi)Si m 
aiaB^ait^ eaci aaivif^, txtWev yap a^ewv r) dwoaraffK 
Hal ^ ^PX'}- ^uvrpiwotTai we xal a'iBt, Koiyaival ovvai rip 
Wiiftjs" /tereferepot 5^ ml irapata'ddvoyrai. Trapatf)op^ T^f 
ataff^aiK' j(p>i Se fidXtara ry irrofiAjfip hprpinv, mil rovSe 
voafoyros, xal tV rpiSe t% /«Xai'i^s x^^^* (yK€0fiey7}<;. ir*irt 
ffweiv <5i' x/"/ ■'■"i' X^Xot' Toi) d^ivOiov ^vveybi-;, d-uo afiiKpou 
tov fi^fdcov "XP'- "vdBov. KmXvfia yap roSf X"^^* 7tTe- 
ffws. dya$i>y Si xal d>Mt, fjSe yap inrdytt tis to Korto 

' WlBan and Gnnerinn hare tiry vui/<Tniiri. Petit (iiggoaU Iv roloi 
Jtropcrly «ub!tiiule(I lliU word fur dXX««i. 



ivTfpov Ttjv 5;oXi;v. ijv (ibf &v vearvKOv to iruOw; 5, koi ftii 
woWav avOpaiwov impair^, ovk oKKiji fiiv ivi Toim ttjaiot, 
TTJt a \oivtji Biaintt XP***^' *' '"' "*'"^'7^"' T^ l^toJ, *ol if 
KoSapffiy uKpt^ia toS iraSeo^, icat i^\vv r^f Si/i-a;i(ov, u>t ^^ 
vaKtfSpofiiatin at vovaof ^paatt Si ai$ii riiv iv Tp tiva- 

'Hv Si iwl TolffSt tTfuxpov Ti inroTrrio^atra ^ voCoo? voXt- 
vopaot otf>0^, fie^6va>v aiceaty ypioi. y.Ti &v ufiffoX^ )(p6vov 
fi^viaStit' <lXX' 7c ev\ ffjf^^* 7''^'a*«if Karaiirfvitav, 4 ufSpi? 
aifioppotSeiv fi6ou, t) vovwos wapj, ipt0it^tv to xatpia, irpo- 

Tov aifioTiK tierappveirrot, eirunr^pxu Si 1} vovtrov, Ktnovtai 
trQieea0at avrt^, T^eofievov arno twv a^vpStv. k^v /i>] ^ 
offov j(p}} ivTtvdev a^>€K}}^, km t^c eir ayiti>vi rd/ivftv i^Xeffa. 
fita^iy^ Sk rpiStv f) retradptoy rifiepwv dyaffpe^ioz tjjv Upr}r 
TO ica0apT>')pioy tftdpfiaxoy ■mirurKciv evretTa aiKvtjv Town 
fiiaouTi irpoa-^dWtty, raS ^vart iffQiiftTrroyra, vp^vativ re 
tA Spya ^ Td\<K avvovra. vfiticpotai fiiv yap axeat ov 
VttBtra*. it^y ^« rk fteyd\a StjSvvii, <V ?Sp^ ijii »} fttXarf 
j^fiXifj' Kai ^v irtivTi] tov awfiarm iyoiK^ir]}, aiaO^atin, 
y^Kli aiftaTi, ;(oX^, Xd^tjTai Si Kai vevptev, ain^ te iv 
&y^Kiorov rphrera*, (rruerct* re r^ aKrjye'i eriptey vixnjfiu- 
Tuy riKovi, mraanov, paviffi. vapaXvffKxf k^v t'« [leKay^ 
;foXitj9 Tu'Se yiyvtitai, to itriyirfyofifva av}KtirTa. iWeffop^ 
cJi- j^etirOai c? fijffif tou KaxttO. eiriirpoffOfy Si toO eXX<- 
ffopov xp^ ^*' T« iTTofiaxov ftfXer^aat i^p-mv, vol tA 
vypi Xemvyat, ical to VK^ytK evpoov TroUeiy tfierot Si rdSt 
irpi'iaaox/ai, aXXoTf fiiy 01 I'ljoTits, aWoTe Se pa^tiStv, 
^pdam Se tov tc rpimav koX ri]V vXt/y ippdeeo Si Kai toO 
eXXeffapov ra <tSea, ko* t^; jq)'!'^^'^ rovi r^ciiroit, xai 

' The CDinioon rending, l^toni, ISrmcrini. in prebrenco to IfifuinT, 

bciug cvidciill; iundiniatiMis 1 liui'a U tuggMMd hy IVtit. or ig'Ciii M 
prcTcrrod the reading adopted hj propoxid bj Wignn. , 



ap^ttv. avtarov, i-jrl jtMrBe ei ftij fXO&jj es rA viUfiVav 4 
vot)iT«, 4 mtW&v iriw l^X^ BiaXtl'^ut^. ri iroXX^ ^i^ 
ToO& iiiroroxot ^Xa7;^o\i'a»' ^f fW f/*ireSo? ^e, /*^ W*? 
irepi/t/c«f. ;^/)') (ii- t^ ^ ric ^KKi0opov Siravra vp^<r<Ttiv. 
ir/Ua'i ftiv eSc ^irarra* wo(*<(f ahwarov tow TO<r(<«-ra?' »( 
7Ap &v irrrphf Kpivatov tfeov.* iiroi'/i7>' hi koX iiaKdy^rutu 
Kol I'ovcrwi' hnKpv^taii, Bptfv 0ifLHi tifrpiv. *) mv a-jr<ii>8§v 
Ari ToiffSe icffll ^apKetirSat, vpala'yoixivovii Ti aKaXdeti 4 

TT}f £t' uX(rr;« uXXorf KfXi SiKKme' Kttlpiav yikp ^dpiuiKOV 
T^ fte\ay)(o\i7}<: t6S«, vrofid^ov, vol ffiraro^, icai ;foX^« 
K€t0dpvtot a«o? ^oi-" arip «ol /i(iXei;^7? OTripfxa-nK, &ie6<Tov 
a\Kij<: Spa^yt^i", ■JTfTr/ffitwv fvi* uSari, apttrrov vei'pu ti? 
eTr((m»(raTo, /iKpta ?£ twi" aTrXeSi' ^pfi[(Ka>f aX\a liXKotvt 

Tcpoivt fhp es /ity riy TJje tirrpelfi'! Ktupov i) vovirtK f^ ?BpJ]v 
Si iicivrfiti' riv hi e( dvatcXeurtv aap/cajv Kal huvdfiiov &v$pto- 
iroi fiKff, ^vva,inj\dfff] wdna t^t voiiaov to ix^ia. Swofin 
fMv yltp ^vaiw vytiav rltrrtt, acBivita hi voikrov. &irirt» 
&v h avaKrj^tv 6 vo<T(w, v&puitoffi fffpfioTai SSaat ivhiof 
Tiw^i^ra;. Koi yhp rit tv -roiahf t^pfiaKO ivtjurra,' arr^xtkrwi, 
^ 0tiov, H tm/rrrqpli}, troXKhv irKfin-fi; TOi/reiuv aXKat twd- 
fiie^, ayadov fiiv y&p vypatrirj e^ av)(^v tIjv vowrov Koi 
ra\af7r<Dpirj rij^ itiaiot' Apaial Bi Koi fAoKBaKoX vApitrt 
pi}i<rral vpbi S<^tmv rov nwij/tarw ^pal Bi xai irvKval 
TOK fieXo'f^'Kmtn al adpieet. SXeifi/ia XfTrapiv Spa rpii^iot 

eiatftovt, iroXX^ t^ Xi-rrai Be-^rra 

apToi TrXvTOf, {tic riyi yXuKet, aipaitp Tfv Kpi^riicp* iial iritV' 

* Hipfvicnit. Proirno'il. ' Wigitn hiu Kabttitiilvd thii md- 

' It » (o nceriiioil In nil th* U8S. ing for Oipaif r^ tpuri. 
and «i]iiion& 



Kol ^frvjffiorifMit irai dcp/teuv, twv yvfiyuy &iri rov icrpa- 
kmSco?* ivpeui', T^ ^4 iriofa itai vixifyttarmZfa' ff\mv niv iro- 

yjvjvew*', SopicaS<i>v, •rrraKOV orrmpij?, 6«ot6v ti apiinoy j, 
pari T3 TOW trrofidjpv uya4f>op^ TTpo/i')0ita$ai vpo t^t rpo- 
tft^i, OKOK /i^ /KiTOTroflfls avtfi^TM. St&ovtu ayy irpo vav- 
rtov atritav fuXiiepijTOV, KuaOou ^tucv, «ot vtovra i^fUeiv 4v 
riiv rov arofuijc>v Kafiapoiv. oSSf yap trot ^ rpoipt) t&paii 
fi(vef tpiipfiaKa Be twv avar^Kauov iea0apT^pia, wtViros Ka(>- 
Tro<i teal KviSifi, toiv atrepfiamv toO froxxoXou, leai ireiripio^f 
&lia^h6>>wv ai vtnpaX, ical ^UXt ^ TfiSe q {voToo'tf ■ ^y ii 
^p^yai 0(\^, &pimv irfivpva, leaX tp(to<i ^ pi^, koI to &ti 
TMc Brjpiiov ipdpnaKov, xai fj -rov BtiaTivov, iial MiffpiBArov, 
Kal tiXXat ftvpiai' tTTiffii/tara Be, 17 tav (TnirKaiTfiaraiv vXij, 
fieXiXuirov, ital /*ijxa)V<Vt tal Ttpfiivffou Sdicpvov, Kai wrataTToy, 
jcal \liTat TO Airb ftoSeav, ^ tjj* otvdy$i}i. K*ipiK Bi toit«uc 
Travratv wtirfK. SKttpt/ia \tirap6y aiatpaf irepiVoTOC uKK' 
Stra aapKuiv t( ^ydirXMny troi^frat nal Svvdfiuoi; yr)(ini, ical 
T^S ^lifftos iv TO apj(mov atroKardo-raaiy. 

•■»**** * 

* * * OKOK cV vijl «ai ToX^vjj. koI 70/), «' fvTvxoirj o 
Voa^v. ty BaXuaai) 717V0(t' av aUitp^ ttai fftorij. Kai yap 
Tt fij/jiv fv ra e\tc(a fuvSiSwo-t SX^j;- utto S^ -rip; auapn^ 
i^ijav)(uaavTa j(pUa0ai. vOv Xiirap^ \iwai, iirl T^ai rpi'^evt 

i^e)(jh KaTau>yovfi.eyoy av oXi^yei; At vpoffayayrj';, 

it xoTiiXae iriyre, ij ?f, 1; ttoXXoi" ti trXelov' ^v Bi p,i}, OKotrov 
T« SvytjTai' iroXKaKt yip toS< (Mivyw uvrt Trtitnjt rpo<j>iji 
^pKfoe' yoKa Bi ^Sif pkv vpoaapaa0at' tticiv &€ ptjiaroy, 



iSeZv Sh rep-rrvov t^ XP^'V' <P'ip/*i'icov Si apTijpit) OMtp^fyov, 
BtaTrrep&o'tu ^poy)(Ov, ayetv ^tkeyfia, tvifvoov, oktffSrjphv H 
T^k xaroi Zii^ohov eXiKfft &i ^pfiOKOV -yXwiti Kai oXXou 
TTavris titavlartpov. ^v p.iv Siv th iroXXo>' tovZi ttivy, 
oiB€p-U]v Tpoipiji aXXi)f XP^"^' t*7ad(if yap o- vovatp evt 
^p/uucov yaXa rtovrov yiyveaBat icai Tpo^ijv. Ktu yap 
avdpwmav fitv ydKaicTO(f>ayuv ri eBvea avrav oiiit t&tt' 
&ptffTOv hi ^vv yaXaicTi, Koi iroXro!, «ai Irpta, koX \ov^pat 
wXin-ol. KuX oKOira (Sfirra tie yuKa/crvi yirfverai,. ical rpo^fj? 
ijv Mprji; Be_i, itrro) opoti], jmo-iiw/? o X^Xo?. tfrffewros, X»t»/" 
j(p^ Si TOffO^Se ^Siik^ai, OKUffov pvp^dveaGai im Infturi)' 
^v ital T&y ^ ^Sovi'iv rt Xa^u'i^, koI t6B( furw iJMpfuumv, 
Xiryvartitov itc/ij;v, 7Xij;^wi'0, >;8t5oa'/*i>r, aXwi" ^pa\v. ^fo«, 
17 /^Xf. ^i- ^ti" CTopa^p'i aireinhj, rtJSe vap4^itv »jf £« 
/iijSti- oSe vpotravayxd^ji, wavrtov ^trrl irrnrnw; Kpiaattv 
l^tffTt Bi rijv irrtffdvtjv ^ ;^oi'Sf3(tk uXXafaf a^vaorepoit yAp, 
mu einreiTTOTtpov leai ap/irffiani^rif »)v it^ tniixctin} trrivd^,' 
iv T^fft vyporiprjtri dvof/coy^ffi lewtfioi KoBaipti ekxfa, iW 
eoTi if)ViTa£r]t. iiiaov taX at)(pf"i, oKotrov d<pv<Torfpa, to- 
eovSe e\jc(<6v aKaBaprorepa. ^vvT«itp.aip6p.€vov Stv irpw tA 
vapeovra, rotahe xpiiaSai' 6-^a hi aiiriav, &ff<Ta ical <Vi 
WTKTtivrj \i\einai' uta hi (k Trtpo? fiev vhapia, ffepfui' 
apioTov he tK ^lotav upTiTOKa, irplv ti/v * * * * 

* * • ijirart IXieot eot oKeBpiov. ^ xaXtTrajTon; Se ^ rijv 
yaaripa ^vppota rov ttvov, ^v toi' ffT6fiaj(pv '^Xff ^^•' ^ 
T^v avat <fiopi)v. Tpo<f>r} yap aiTtT} ToO fjv rpoif>i}i: he i]ye- 

which Ennsriiis uluiv tu s^qy^a- 

TwJqC irnirSq. (lit Kicaiiin): of nhjcb 
(cciun (4> nic vriy oqitivocul. 







fto»y o iTTOfiaj^' irorl ml rk ifxipfiaxa oSe To*at ex^to 
Sta^tpH- ^y &v irptyi ivavra fiev 6icvo<t KaraTroato^ 'tKStj, 
$aaaw iK$av(iv AvdyK^ voofi re irai \tfi^. yvrnftara &i 
iieaa^ov yiitpav, Sirrj to vvov fp^erai, ^€pa ical Irtpa. 
yjv Tc hC ivT4pior 1)10], <rrp6^oi, yatnijp vyp'}, ^Xey/iara «rl 
ypXij, eiTfiTa ^iiv vepippofj aifuiXai^, ^ wepiirXvat^ otoir) 
Kptatv dtfi&v ^v Si e? kuotw eji, ^dpov fv ve^poiat leai, 
oo^i/i. ra piev uf irpura voWA ical j^Xoffa^ea' eirtiTa 
6o\epi, avt/TTotTTara KaX aKafaoTorro,' enX iraai Be Kal ^ 
{nrotrTaffm \fviti} iraptli). f/v Be ^? aTofUtj^ov aru ^frrp, 
vavTirj, itrovtrCri, Ip-eroi ^X^fia-TOi, ij p(oX^?, X£tiro0vniij, 
aicoroBtHT], fittr^i ^vpptvfg. 

Ma\i<rra p,iv Sty iirorphretv njvKr trovijp)) yip ij 6Siv. 
^v te TO TTvov ^laioTtpov pevtrjj, ^(pi) iravra iroiifiv Koi. Tp 
<rTOfi.d\ip aptjyeiv Kal Tpo^ijat, Koi ipapfiaKOiai., ical StaiTaK, 
vavra /ieiXtj^*"- ^pp-dieotat i^ t^v toO koKitov ptvy^V 
y9oT<icij? t^s LUTo-niwoi/ ^v itt\tKptjr<p •miriaicdv, koi irpa- 
aiav T^5 Kop/rfi, Kai T^^Se fuc fte\iicp'^Tfp koX ^X^ t^ 
&^iv0ov. -aSf fti]rrot irpo twc aiTuoy irivetv ypdov, ws 
XCTTTa ftiv ri vypa yiyvifrai, evpoa tk rii j^atpia, ftp^met Si 
tA fp,vva a^fuxTa. SiSovtu Koi ivov ydXa, X^wv, d^oXov, 
tUTpo^v, i^ rvpav aavoTarov, 'prtp iarl yakaicTo^ aper^. 
irpOffri0ti Se ical ^lipna^ ttoparw; koX citou. Krpr fiiKp^ 
j(«{pa rStv uitfifXfvyTtay ittoai, SiSovai, — Ivrtu yh.p SU^oSoi 
vavrmhei Kal aripirei vyp^- — pLtrt^eripov^ ykp fj Toii trvou 
SioStK ffXa^at. fi^wea rt ital AttSititoi ItrovTo*" nH^Jv t( 
Xa^toai eirtifiiei. j(pi) Si Koi 4vl Tjfft aXXj7<7i iKpo^trt 
•trayrolijv ps\err}V rov tnonaypv voiieaSav 5Se yiip ^ vav 
T»v ^appAKtiiv o8^!' /tepyrjoStu Si ital rov ijwaTot ^etov, 
ivSa rmv iXxetov itrr't ^ fii^' ^y Si e^ Kvartv opp^, oipt)- 

' Though 1 have uol ventured to not f«« the aignificuics oTthe latter, 

■lUr tbc («xt, t man ay that I irhercu the fnnner U at fivqueni 

think the Inio Tcadin^ nould be um with oar author u applied lu 

fXi^wi', mflcad of IXatuv. 1 can- the liver. 


TuuXfft i^qff*iv, aaapov rffi pi^ff!, «u ^oO, «al oStavTow, 
Kok ft^v, Twv ifiirimav. raZt fifrro* ^vr lUkutptyrtf vtirt- 
OKOiT TouaXof flit TO B^o^uw ^pftaieov, «u to Sm ruf 
^uwaXiSwr OfMOTOP, ^ menra Sid vtiptfi rtai rwtutiierat. 
^ Si St trripttt ayrj^ to arftf^v ^X^^ Ti^Xa, ^taXtora /MV 
JiVf, ^r Sj p^, a^yo^t 17 /tifXwr. X*^^ ^ oXto'dqpot «cb1 
fff/y/urni&ee^, i r^ VTMroi'^ J^^> irevtpt, ^rfflStpt^ 
X«yvaTix«r. iffpow Bi fipl)a0at Afi^i va^irt Stahi/i, hrl 
wa^ ffvppij^, Tpo^aL /ihr €V)(vttot, titarit'oypt, fCvfirrot' 
4 X"^^ ^ ^ ^ yaXaicTVi iroXrot, &fwXiK, Irpia f lv ya~ 

K(^. iff. Qtpairtia ^irXrjvor. 

S^ippov' Tov ^1 aw\t)vl Xmtci; ou ^Urrtu. 4' ^ '^^ 
tivoToiro* Toivjie twirm Totuvrot, Sipie^ ij xa;(c{(ii, mc(XX« 

TO xa«o4- ^e arrJjwoTOf, toi- iijrpov -roir CKippcv 

tifffSiu. jy>i) S>v avoTpevar yejyo/ihtnn, ko* Xvcir Jiftn 
Of/yofUvowr tviaraaSat Zi t^ai ^Xey/iatyai, ^virtp M 
aKippot SuiSoffpv . . . . ^ SiaTTvoSjy aywvrat .... Ti^y 
airu9Ta<rti'. Ta5< ykp ^Xey/iaaiirf * * * » ajr^p^nat Si 
jfpitadat iif^a-a ftoi iv T^o't o^ipat XeKfierat. ^v Si varra 
aot vprfaaovTt ev ^Xey/UMig cxippiK ipfUvj) Koi irvpi 
Ui^ict 'xpio it fioXffa^y t^ aie\tjpia>i, T^f«rt St' o^eo; 
jcal AaW, Koi fUXiTOV drrl S« ttpUov irrirffuna eara am 
X/voc. iitltAffffeiv &hf T% f*vpo0a\drov ffeojjaiietnji, «rt- 
vXaafMoi r« touti fiaXSaxwraronTi. « * * • 

' Liddrl Kixl Scott, canFurm&blf to analog;, but In npi>o«iUoa lu gcaeral 





Btparila~rSp»nros •••"•"„■. 

BtparUa AiofSqrou ^. 

Oipairila rfiv Kari ToAc Jtifpait vaBuv . . • T'> 

Qtpariia riv Iv i.iaTi •••••• f. 

etpairtia TavoppoiqQ ...... i'. 

Oiparita Sro^a)jiiciv «'. 

6tpainla KoikiaKijs liaBiirioe .....£'. 

Bipatnla SwXtifiv •••••• ij'. 

Bipawcia Avaivripiifc ■ * * * * * ff. 
Blparlla AcutTlpillt ****** i', 
eipariia 'Yirr'puimv ••••••,„•, 

Qipawiia 'Ap9pinlos nil 'IffX'^''''C • • • . i^'. 

Btpartia 'BXi^rTOS ...... If'. 

Q 2 




"TSpftwros iSnj TO Sw^jjTtM vaffot atrli] Kal %M0lai, x^pV 
Si fiMvtr^ Bta^pov, €v0a to ir/pov ^Kptu. aaKiT^ fiiv yAp 
5o;^ciof, TO TTfpi.Tovatov, ovS' eKpotjir lo^fi, aXXa fiifivov rfjSe 
irXjjftfivpet. Sia^i^Tfat &i ^opi/ (j,kv irfpou ij anro tov tto- 
<r\ovroit 1} avrr), KaX oi/rr^fw ii Si vei^povv leal KOtrriv 4 
^uvSoaiit ta ir€pX t^Bov <f)epet. ^Se roiffi i/Stptuat f) 0S07 
Ari^tyverat, ^v i>{ ar/affov ^ vovaoi rpemjTat. ayaBov Bi ^ 
Xverif TT^s ttiTi'ije, xal fiti tov ax^fo^ fKa<f>pli) (lovvov Si'^o? 
hi rovreoKTt f*i^y, ^"phv yAp t6 Oypov avaivti. 

"EffTt 5^ ri ixea ii Ti)y (ir/axf^'v t^ ^vyr^j^ton, ri 
mvra roiiri vBpto^fri- i^ Se to Si^ot fteyd\i}s IfrptCr)'; xp^^i 
To'Se yAp €v T^ tiSei AXyttoy iramtav jiitpv. xai f/v victal ti 
vypov, TTpoKXjjffw oiipij^uK. irori icai iit0(ov toSb fi/vawi- 
y«i T^KOV tA ec rp ffiwjvei. ^ppAicatv Siv tiSt^v X^^' 
Zl-^o>t yip fi4ya, oKopiri trorov. irorov 7^^ o^S ^looi' yl- 
yvrirai Bi^eot item, vdynt Btt rw mpAxtfi apr^eof evffa 


ToC SiS^&K at injyai. ^v wr t^ iV^.^ naBalftryt, ivi6^ftair* 

■nov&e 6 jQjiii/^ fiiv (vv vap&^ ko* fioBit^, aptarm' hi Tpy^ii^ 
eiriTrKaaita Si ^ *f^p^ avretuy ^vy fuurri^Qfai Kol ^otrift* 
«- 'n;p^ S^ Koi i-d^>89> ry fivpf) ^ tovtkw /tr|<9 arfoBri, ^ «' 
^\oi aKOKLf}^ re Kol i/iroKta^i&oi es tc to? reyfuK inu ^ ri 

^Arap KoX vivp to irorov fur t^( oira«^>j^i hfrtifffftt. 
Tpo^a* S^, xoi ToXa, Ktu ^vv T^&f atria, aftvKot, j^vSpM, 
^otfj^Hara. otvot <rr^^vre^ i^ tov tow arofia^ov rivov, 
dieprjTtffTfpoi /loXXof , « T^v To>y oXXwf ^/tUv i^iptociv Te 
xot &tii'(^(i" aKftaiheai '/ap Si'^wi" <il«i« 5^, arv^ar ff &fta 
Kai "^vj^w, furaffoX^ rt Kid tiiepaviy \p^<rifu>v ' « Suva- 
fU¥ hi «^c 0*1*? -yKtiKVi, oKMoy atfxa ep, is rri* ainov firrmr. 
^ppttKa irot/ciKa ra taina, tj &a to>k Oripmr, ■} tou Mtffpt- 
Sd-rttc, »} Sii twy oTntpeiov, to t« oXA/i nxoffa t&pwirtu; 
iv^ivrd. itriip xai if (vpwoffa Sttura xal 6 ^iov wvr6^. 

'Afi/^l piv ^iKeypaaifft, xaX alp/ippCFft'^, xal Mooa of^cK 
airo ve^pmv meiyet, ty roM't o^crt yejpd^Ttu' ap^ Bi 
cXxiMno;, ^Se \l6tov ftviawi, oKOaa ra n'oXXa {wavo^ff* 
tfxet vptfffivr^t, pdXurra m* ypdtJM' dyj^urra piv it 
Hicemv ft Se pi}, olat ays wap^opijaerat. 

Ai&a>v pkv S>v (ii^vfi yifvav « 0701^1- Jplr^nu, aZ^vamv. 
p^trfpoy fuv yip p^rpJiv SnoKov Oipeyat, ;} iv^oin )u0iMy- 

' Tbii woril. or mme other o( losu);)^3C EnaoiiniiiloMiiut heu- 
■imi[iii import, ii cridcntl; r^nircd tau to aJopt lU 
(n tlii* place, n lUit wm the fint 



T^UMi ol XiBot, ra anxa ^aaio. tcapra yap oBvyiovrai, vorl 
xot i^davov rrpoijuiiiri Koi elXi^ kioKov koI lo^ovp/j. 
fwu^ca -yStp aXK^Kotat vt(f>pol rv xai Kbt'Kor. ^y yAft X^w 
iyrtitTtft IttXTi, iirl Si rolvt urxovpi^j re ««! trrpo^i, tjjv 
itri r^ ir<f>vp^ jiifiVtiv ^yj^a Tfj Kar t^iv rov vt<}>pov. at 
y^p rov atfiaro<! iiri vi^p&v fiepoiai dviwi r&v XiSttv rit 
o-^^fuis- ^Xey/Mvf} yttp £i;<ra<ra tvx** ^i wtivTa' tj>Xey- 
/i0yf)i Si Kcvtarfftiri "Kvvtv T^TTdv ft r&K -^va^ hBa twv 
vt^pStv f) X'"PV' XiVa? ii iraKaihy, ^ t6 viov, ^vTt}v laytnar 
ovpffTtKov a «al aVt]6ov »/ KOfir) jcai XfjSttt-wrlf , i) aafL-^v)(OV. 
■niUrit XP7. 5i«« 6&»T(, KatatovtXv a/uiepiv yikp ai ■xpiawi. 
arap Ktu votaSe irvptrfv, ^iHi^in xvirreat iyj^eovra cXatoy 
av0ifiiS<K. evfirXaa^ftdrmv vvv vKt; fuv rottri AX^rotai ij 
«WTtJ. eXvffe Koi trticvjj kov^ Kori twv XiOwy rijv hnrraaiy 
apurtov Si K^y ivi tpXeyftaviti irj(a<r^. rfv Sk ToSe am 
iroUovTi eri /ilfiyawt al \i0ot, ^ SXautv tov dvBpanrov 
Kadievai. ToBe yap toi $/ia vdvra iroteei' aXeij fiiv X*^> 
TT^ Si eiTfXta'Xpatyfi' to Sptfii/ Be et frpo8vftit)v Stixvei. 
rdSt fUvToi t^oBa XiOeay koI a^v wpokXtftneK' irivetv Si 
^MipfiaKbiy ray avXmy fUv pi^t, <^v, /tijav, aaapov fforavai 
Si, rrjv -rrptoyirffv, fj werpoaeXtyoy, ^ aioV voiMtXtoy Si, ftvpa 
fih/ OKOtra tir^fi vapSov, Kaaitjv, txfMipvav, KtyvapMHoy? 

aimvXmaft aivrprt, iml €K rtvpov tayApat, teal iviBtjixara & 
repoaSiv pMt XeXeieraf Slaera Si xal <!\«i^«, Kol irXoi>«, 
Kol ti iv BaXdacT} ^lori}, Sreavra roiat hn vt^ip&v iart 

*In tha Aikew HS. th<<rt i> ■ puSf, baE none ai the md of tli« 
lacunn lieni, Mcu|ijinK a whole cbitpicr, ui in tlio iirijited cdicloiii. 



K*<^. ^ . Qfpaweia RotAucKui'. 

*Hr TWf vtriair Axpariji ^ KotTUri tt/' ^f>P^ ^ ') ''P'^'kh 
UtrenTos, tt^pfrro?, oj/i^, xa» ftfiBev ei-; rov SyKov avlt}, KoiKt- 
aKois Tovfftt KiK>Ji<TKOftfv. ^uxti fiiv i/tipvrov r^t is 
viyjriv fffpfiaaai"!, urovitj Si t^s « dvii&oatv Swdiuo'!. 

Xf») &v T^v KoiXiriv irpuTurTa fiiv iroviav avUvat *iptftig 
aectl enraatri'^' &he yap iraKivBpo/ieovat ai Bv^iifue^. ijv Si 

Totai j(p€(tr0at aifi' CSarov, f) fitXiKp'jTOV rijv noiXJ^v Si 
aKhrtiv KaX Ti-fjeiv « trrv^iy, ipioiiTi fUv to« ef Siw irim- 
potaf \iiTai Bi, poBivip ftvp^, ») T^ Sti Ttji ou-^i^ftjT, 4 
ftijXiy^' &pum>v, k!}V earo toO a^iVow, xol InroiarriSt, ^ 
i/i^Ki^' ^y roluhi Bi iTrtirXuafiara, Ofpfii ftiv ei 6i^iv, 
hi Swafttv Si ffrpuipvd' leai tjv 7ti tow ^arw, ^ t^* leoiXi^t 
Kara a-rofia ivraaus, >; ^Xfypaixicu ttMft, oiKvtjv irpoffffdK' 
Mrra h^a/tvtiv mu etrri olfft to5€ /uovfov Jip/ctire ^ir^f 5^ 
KTipwTpat cf wTeiXfjv ijicri t^ rptaftara, ^&i ivl vkXriply 
Kpaivr/, T^Be ffBiXXas ri ffr/pla -npoafidXKftv eirtiTa ivf 
BijfUira •JTCTTTwrA Tt^erai, oicoiov to BiA twv <nrfpfid,7MV, ijl" 
fff^ ^^o^iXeotTOf pi^av apttrrof koX evda oi nfi Sa^vtfs 
^MO-t KOpfTTOi, KoX TO ftaXoiy/ui iTTiKXriaiv to ^^XiwpM-, Koi 
Tovfim TO (tWTT^piav. to^c 7ip /ia.\«(Tff«< t6 *rai a/ivaaa^ 
Hal 6tpfiaait)v eyeipei, kaI ai^uaa ra trTrXciyyva •rrottet, &v 
vtp evd~Tt/^tf Xf^eov. cirap vai aivfiri, icaX Xi/ivtiaTK, Ktit 
eu^op^tov, xal OKoaa roiahe irdvra Tijv fthf ^Sfiv xtuXvet, 
ayaxXija-iv Si 0ipii.^t iroUfrat. roidSf \pi) xal miriaicttv 

^pfuuea e? ittv'<^iv. XP^"^ f^* wpartina o tow 

apvtr/Kftvcov ■)(y\o^ ^vv vBari iffrtififUv^ pvproiai, t) KvBtO' 
vlQtat fu'iXoivi- &pL<rrtiv Kai ytyapxov ara^vXJ'p o/iifiaxtTt&K' 
olvot T&v icdpra v-nnpovrut. hrara Si ri aXSoifovra t^V 



Kt0. c'. QepoTTtia IroftaxtKav, 

It iv roiai SXKotai, iraSeat fierii t^i" Bepairei'rjv Biana if 
tayw Ka\ Kparot toO atufiarov euveifi-vti ifaOri' oro/to^t- 
KOtat Bi (MvvoK ^Se yi/yvcrat irXriftfieX^ii- Sttt^ &v avrtf 
ylyvoiTO, ^pdato. iKovti yap auiipt), irepiirarot, yv(tvaa(tft 
^atvaaiei'}, rpoi^l i^ 7r^i|MC arfadal, avafiajfiaavOai ri}V rov 
arofuij^ov Kaxotrnitji'' aSCvaToir Bi rtiSe leai tlire^i'^f \vaat 
tioicpjjv, KaX rriv atcfXerit}V tow o-joji-eos evoyKov adpiut 
iroiffiraf TroXXiv Bi fU^ov (irl TOUTiof i<rr<av at rotai Koft* 
vovat j^dpnt^, Kol ri Ka$apw airav Bpdv, icai TJffi «ri^w- 
pki^at hrtaSat toy liyrpoy, fil] fteydka ffXairrovra' apurrov 
yap ToSe, ^v (lij xapra <ii0«Xturrwv Spe^K i]Kp. ifuipfiajta 
&i TTora, ;^Xoi, dyfrivOtov, Kal vaphos to p-vpov^ KaX i} hik 
tSiv Oiipuav, Koi ToO iv w^paK a icapiri^,^ Kal ^yfifi^pio^, 
Kid ircrrepiot, tal attriXto^. TiiSe iresrr^pta' xal Kark rev 
Qripvov if ffTu^tf iiri$r]fia, vdpSoi, tiatrrij^ai, uXoat, UKa- 
mat, KaX p,t]\b)V KuZa>vitav i XyXoi;, leal airrai &i tS)v uriKtav 
a! odpKt^ dfitjitdXatrdeiirat ^iii' ^iVtft iwiO'ifia arv^ov. 
arap xal ToWa OKOffa /*ot e? Sia^ifreot yeypatparai, ^ 
£t^^0S aK<K. Ttt tuura yap Koi Toifft Si^feiK yvyvtrat' 6 Si 
roVof Tov <rrop^)^ov aSi'\}rov OTO^ia-j^tKoiffi. 

' Ennerina «riu«« ri iiip^v, funcy. 
Ing ihM tho ointinvnl c.uuld nut lig 
luiiable in (hii plum, ilowcrcr, 
Avtiiartua rvcomiiienrls thu Niirili> 
num Ungucnluio exproslj for Su>- 
nmcliic*. Mcth. ig. 

* If ihc iRxi here lie tiiund, lh« 
u^rcndon mnM bo umlenttiod m > 

(tnnge circumloculiml for irtrpo*i- 

S«e below, in tho next chaplor. It 
i(t wotl]iy Iff remark, that ihla mods 
of circumlocotian wm much \n»' 
died b; the writvn iii tho Ionic 
dialoct. Sec Grcj[<iriui Curinllmi^ 
under wtfi 'laiot' 



K<^. f . Qfpavtia KoiXioKtov. 

(Iir«rT«, adpnrros, tifit], koI ftttBkv eU tw Syicov arlg, jroiXt- 
OKOVs' rovaht xiKXt'iaKOftev. V'X*' ^•' ^f^'^ov tij! ^ 
iri^v $fpftaairi^, arovip &^ T/js t? ako&wni' Sui-a/uat. 

Xpi) KV T^v KoiXt'ijv irpMTurra f^iv irofuK tit-i^i'ai ^pe/iig 
ical avoatTij]' iiSt yap 'jraKivSpofiiovo'i a! &vyafUf<i. ^v ii 

rotat j(pieiT0at atf)' vBarot, f) fttXjKp^rov t^i' fcotXujv 8^ 
tnUretv xaj TefYuf ^ irrO^tc, ipiouji /Uv tow *f iiw Tr»w»- 
potffc \(irot Si, f)oSit^ h'^PVi ') ''1? 2*^ ^T* oiwivftj?, i) 
/i^Xt't^' &piaTov, Ki)y ixvo rov tr^lvov, nal inroKurtiSi, 4 
ifi^KL^' fijv TotffSe W ejTorXuV^TO, 0eppa fwV ^« Oi?(V, 
^S Si/ra/ui' S^ arpv^vci koX ijc ttij too ipraio^, »J r^9 xotXtigf 
ivora ffTopM iyratrin, >) ipXeypaaiaii ^wo'i, cruci/^f vpoaffriX- 
Xovra fkTti/ivfif' mU (^rt olo^t rdSe fiovvov fipKtac htiiv Si 
ifijpwT^fft ^s (lireiXiji' ijicTi ii Tptopara, ^Si hrl <tk\i}/>^j} 
icpalyj}, T^Sf ffSiXKat ra O^pia irpoa^aXXew hrura ivif 
Oiifurra vevrutA riBevai, okomv to Sm t&v <rjr«p/i«TWV, ijv 
t'rjdi j(afiat\eoyTOt pi^v aptarov «aJ evSa o'l •np: Sd^iffii 
fam Kapriroi, koX to tuiKcvypa iirucK'rjaiv to ■)^ijap<)v, koX 
Toiifi-ov TO pvtTTTipiav. TiiSf fkp fioKiiaaei Tt Koi ap,vavei, 
Koi, 0€ppM<iii}V fyft'ptt, Kai ai^vira tA trTrkar/j^va iroUet, otv 
vep fs arv'fru' j(pe(K. arap koX aiviyiri, mu \invi]irtK, mu 
ev<f)6p0iov, Kol iiKoaa roiaSe vaina rt}v fiiv f^^tv KwXvet, 
ayiixXijatv Si Oippjifv voUerat. rouiSe jfpr) Kai ■jrvrriaitttv 

^pliaita a <rrvi^ti'. ;^/jtot p^ irp^icia o toS 

upyoyXaivffov ;^uX^ fi)c vBart (onififievtp pvpTotai, rj KvStO' 
viourt itrfluaiav apttrrov Kiii frfoprov ara^vkrfi oftipaxiriBiK' 
otvot T&v KtipTa oTu^n-wf. hrena Si jk ttXdatvavra ri/r 



yaffripa i^pfiajca irord, aitova SiA ^^tfiepuK to* trtiri- 

ptoi, Kal vsXlvov TOW KOfnrov tow ar/piov roii ev vrrpat^f 

TO Bia Twc Aj/x'ajv TWf ^x'^''"*' ""nrTMrwraToc ijv Si ^i 

TOifft fi7)&fv, fj vfUKpov iv&&^, TOurt avo pa^vihtov ifUrouit 

XP^' ^'' ^^ *»* ^*p''^* ToJo-Xe iXXfffopQv Tou XtuiwO pi- 

{i»v ^« /ttjjv ftfjrra, ivrovmni-n} av aot yevono ij KaSapan, 

fv TC T^f -rwv irfpiiv tAv ■^vj(pS>v Kadapaiv re xai exxptaur, 

Kol ii TIJV f^y^V TOU 0ep/u>u. 

'Aritp Koi ^ Slatra, Kai o 0i<K, rOitrSt il<rra ^fifterpa, oj 

thrvot vvicT<ap fUv, Bt' r/fUprji Si wephrarot, uva'PaiytjffUv, 

aiatpti, ^ Tc iv Sd^vriat, ^ fivppivatat, tj $vp^. e^u ytip t* ^ 

Siawofj Koi ^ avawoTi TOi&fSt ifaipfuucov vetm}ptov' ytift' 

niffut, Tfj/^wT, j(etpovofiii}, aXr^piuv ffoXtuffi rov AipfjietK, 

«ai T% /foi\i'»)« ie6vor irpoTroatfi' a^iiip6rara yap eis rovou 

c^ffToX^ dpT<K- i'Jri TwSf ^oivt^t^, wcpwraro* paffv — 

K(if>. 10. Ofpawiia ' ApBpiTiSof Koi 'Icr^mSof. 

* * * airitov Kal paiftiiviBmi' »roXXu»H*.' ftretra t« TOf 
eXXe^opov ayeiv. Siaira Si ^ Art roiaSe jW^ rottrt a\Xo[tf» 
vd0«ri' Kal ivi "rij Stai-nj Skfii^ii, ^vj(fio\oualri BaXaaaif 
fidXurra fUv wv avaat apSptTueouri ^vva dxea' tai yap xal 
TOtat iroSetypixoujt tWiffopiK to fieya amo^, aWa n- rfjat 
wpdyrriat wpoa^oX^ai tov irdffeov. ^v Se itc iroXXaif ftiv 

'^wnc«ib« litile or nodonbt time*, >«e PACtc* JRaatrrJL, t, 1, 

tlut die worili in ilic Ihcrok ininni- jiji. M — H. On the um of eiiMlka 

dUlcl; tdjoiains mriir, w«r« Ifit- Inibcciiraof AnbrilUaadSchiUica, 

r«e dwi. On tlio popular mode* of He farther, Jbld. lL pFk 833 — e:6, 

producing M<7 Tomiting in •ncieot paaim. 



^Ji7 yipivwv tfi, arkp «aJ lie Stoi^fH)? trariptav ^v^, fi*a- 
7n$rr,aiui i} vovuoi. i<i Si roirt irapo^vafMv^ r&y apSpar 
T<i8< j(pi] vp^aoHv. (Ipla ftiv icra ($ Jfw tA oiffvtniiSea' 
riy^tf^ B4 £iA poStWi/ mil ofrotr ftert^cripoifft &i mil inroY* 
7i'«j fiw olwKp^Ty wiTjffev. eiretra eirivkJUTiLa, apriK ^m 
TtMfft ^v\owt icoXoicvyn}^, ical rrivoviK' Koi atxvr) \vTif, KtH 
apv6y\»a<Tov ^ fioravt], Ka\ poSeav ra ^uKKa. cerap Koi ^ 
acBriptTK airofot (iiv aprtp, teal fipvov, Koi avp^vrou pi^, 
wot vei^o^cXXot 17 fioravrj, Kai irpaaio^ 1} TOtat ^vX\aifft 
X«mJ. TtjerBf fUvrot to p,iv a^iyfrrjfia i^dlrrXtjpa &irovor 
airri} Si, oriVXaff/iO, fuv ^ifl, ^ Kpiffuv oXiJry ^i]Xa»- re 
Twv Ktrpltov ri alBpatrov f yi- aX^hotat Spurrof avKa ^'ipii, 
K(H daaia ^Ov TtVt TWI- iiX'JTa»'. fj^t fiiyroi ^fios ^ flXir 
Koi To£e fiivTOi iKKore SXKov &v^at lad rwiirov SkXort 
aXXp.' fifrr^eripoiat Bi ret aXfalfovra fu/i^epw, Km Twi- 
Tor uXXoTt aXXy u>tf>flU(i. X.oyo'i Si ital roSe K<ipra Hvovov 
Iftfitvai- alya jQ>i} ffoTain}<: •njt Ip^i (fttfiayfiv Artfv Si 
wKtjaOjj, SiaXthroiTa iKoaov ^ yt>iti) iv tj yaoTpi p/i-yBdi^, 
HaTa0uaai •n)v alya, ^Si oto? T^ft ycurrpvt <V rifv icoirpov 
iyxpv^ai. 7t)> voSt. tpapfiOKa Si fivpla. leai yap to^ yoai- 
Ofrav twvrwv tpapfiaxiai nnrcpow ri$T]a-i 1} ^vp.^op>y t&V 
Si injrp&v ra ^apfiaxa iv rfjai ypa^^ai \t\i^M. 

Kc0. ty . Otpairtia 'E\(<f>ai/Tos. 

T&V VQvatav fU^ova ■^rj ra axta i-i Xvaiv aCrieav (fipitvat. 
^Ketjiavroi Si TT)Xiieou leaic-jv rd a^iovi/coi ylyvotr &.v itiTptirf ; 
oil yap fiepel, v awXxiyj^y^ evl, ^ evSov evaK>')'mti /iovvov, ^ 

'There ii cvidenily something ever, thai tlie more imtural reailInK 

wsntini; ia ^b text. Potll anil would be /ii] ; meaning, [tint iho 

Bnnorliii lubMltiitn ifiXiii otter reinwIii^B in certuiii coici pnn^d 

dXAyi. I ciimot liul ihinli. bow- bcncfldnl, and in ii(h«ra iiol. 



ffw TO Koxhy IpVH, &>Xh hio$i Tt Skip Tw &v6ptawtp ivot- 

iStiir Oiipiov yiip iBe^- Wos Se ^t^&ioOv -w teal ftn^tu- 
Ta^$ai, ail fUiov tf Xotfx^ Afa-rrvoTf^ fip « fitraSoatv 
ptiBit) ffa^tj- T( Of &v fvpot rtt (v Irfrputy TtivZe a^tov 
ixov aKOi ;* aXXa yap vdvra j(pi) ^vji^pnv ^appaKa, xal 
Sialmv, KM <rici)pa, Kai irvp' Koi tahe icflc p.kv eri t-coroKf) 
T^ irddd vpotrffdXri^, iXvU Iqaioi' ^y Si ^ hKnifv ^Kp 
7evti7H)$, tuX iv Toiat <nT'karf)(yoiat iZpoMV t^t), irori KaX i<t 
rk vpoaio-ra vpoffffdWt), iviXvurro^ 6 veiaitev. 

Tdftv<iv Siv Ta; ^tt' ayitSivt ^XiBaf a/ufxo &4' T^tvif Si 
nu TA! eiri a^vpoiai pi) avriffiap'* Kpiwov fip ^ iid^rtt- 
VK k Te ireXXiiv rijv rod aiftaro^ potjv, km i<! dt^\i)(rtf 
T^f Swa/ilo^. j(ptan' fAp alpa voWdtcK ital iroXX^v iicjfiatf 
Tou vdfftov Tij* Tpo^ijv. apiKpov a iv airri^ to yp^irrw, 
TT? ^vfftw 17 tpo^ij, ^vvTtKpa{p(a0tu &y, d^xupiovra Ti 
irovff/MV, leal evn^mov fifrnfyii ri oueaav, fiev^t &v irpoa- 
irawSijtru arpo^lri i) vovaov. i) yap yeaprj, ^fi-TrXaictiaa Tpi 
aaifUtTt, XP^^V f'Mep^ rifiavpieae T17V iraXauriv eirtera rifv 
Upijv TTtTflffKttv /It) iauTra^' aXKa yiyviadai irdvra voXKd' 
Kvt i^ avaXt^io; KtH TrdKtvBpopitji. tatto lau tj S\K*i 
Ke^apatt ^pnaKwh}<: iv aiTiiff f) iirt t^ M^/fX ^* <X*fa. 
ioTto, ifii ynXa oSidicptTov — TroXXoi" &i firr<o roSe — /? Sta- 
^pijfl'tv 7r(««i'. i^^ira Be p/jiprjv t^v tr(p7rr>}V CBwp, mc "TTav 
TO ya\a BituBeeiv. « ifUrovi Be Batraov a^eii; vijcma? rh 
vpwrov, airi viruv S' «&fl(?, «r<iTfl rfiro fia^iav&otv ireX- 
XdKlK Si tal fwex*a** vdvra ycyviaOm. « iXX^ffopov 
Syovta Katp^ vavrl, fiSWov Bi eapo^ koI iftdivoiraipou BtBi- 

' The conunun rcsritng, Jtiov ' Pclit, Wlgiin, and Ermcrint an 

IXBv, U chunked liy F.rmerln* to all agn«d, tbol the negnlivp p*ni- 

ii(i^ur«v. I minoi («« ilial iJiir c1^ ulihoufili wiuitinit in lh» MS9.i 

«han|[« U anv imprarcmcnc. i« h«rc rcqniied hjr ihc >cn>c. 


TIM- ^ p^i¥ ^vfUMty, 4>' ivavS^ffi} ri Xoiva tUco, ToSe 
Itauvov irfnlpiov. levfi fxcXof yip li Svmi/mv XoikIk {XXl- 
fiopor jcal S ri irtp vvp ipya^tu (kkcuo¥, rmJ6e irKiov 
iKXifiopov tia<a vafife&iemy TTpi/aati, fCTnmav ftiv iit ivair- 







Ok Phbenitis • # • • ^wiaming) 1. 

On Lktb&bot ♦ * » * do. IL 

On Mabahhdb * * * * do, IIL 

On Apoplbxt * • * » do. IV. 

On Epilsmt ••.... V. 



On the Affectionb about tbb Uvcla , . VTIL 

On thk Ulcseib about the Tonsiu . ■ IX. 

On Pleuribt X. 


aretjEus, the cappadocian. 





» * * * eluggishricsH, vertigo, heaviness of the tendons, ple- 
thora and (iiBt«Qeion of the veins in the neck ; and much ntu'^ek 
indeed ftflcr food, but also, not unfrequentiy, with ab«tinnnco, 
there u n fitint nausea; and phlegm ib often vomited; want of 
appetite and indigeftion afler little food: tlie^ have flatulcnoe 
and meteorlam in the hypochondria. These symptoms, indeed, 
are constant. 

But, if it be near the acceaeion of the paroxytm, tltera aia 
before the nght circular flashes of purple or black colours, or 
of all mixed together, so as to exhibit the appearance of tha 
rainbow expanded in the heavens; noises in the ears; a heavy 
smell; they arc pasnonalo, and unreasonably peevish. Thcjr 
fill! down then, some from any such cause as lowncw cf spirits, 
but others firom gatbg intently on a running rtiWBD, a rolliD£ 

B 2 


wheel I or » turning top. But soraetimee th« smell of lieftvy 
odours, such 03 of lite gagate alone (Jet), lastkea them ikll 
dowa. la Hitse caace, the ailtuent is fixed in the head, and 
from it the disorder spnoga^ bat, in others, tt arises also &om 
the nerves remote from the head, whicli sympathise witli the 
primuy organ. Wherefore the great fingers of the hands, and the 
great toes of the feet are contracted ; pain, torpor, and trembling 
succeed, and a rush of them to tlic bead takes place. If the 
nuschief spread tmtil it reach the head, a crash talcee place, 
'ia tbeee cases, u if from tho fitrokc of a piece of wood, or i 
stone; and, when they rise up, they tcU bow they have been 
maliciously Mruck by somo person. This deception occurs to 
those who arc attacked willi iho ailment for the first time. 
But those to whom the aficcUon boa bcc<Hnc habitual, when- 
ever the disease rtxMrt, and hajt already sciicd the finger, or is 
commencing in any part, hnving from experience a foreknow- 
ledge of what is about to happen, call, from among tlioiio who 
arc present, upon tJioir cui'b>inary asnstants, and entreat thorn 
to bind, pull aside, and stretch the alTceted members; and 
they themselves tear at tlicir own members, as if pulling out 
the disease : and such nasistanoc has sometimes put off the 
attack for a day. But, in many oscs, there is the dread as of 
ft wild beast rushing ii[>on them, or the phantasy of a shadow; 
and thus tlicy have fallen down. 

In the nttuck, the person lies insensible; the hands are 
clasped together by the spasm; th« legs not only plaited 
together, but also dashed about hither and thither by the 
tendon*. The calamity bears a resembhwcc to shiughtered. 
bulls; tlic neck bent, the head variously distorted, for some- 
times It ts arched, as it were, forwards, so that the chin nsti 
Qpon the hrcAst; and sometimes it is retracted to the hack, as 
if forcibly drawn thither by the hair, when it rests on tliis 
shoulder or on that. Thiry gape wide, tlie moutli is dry; tho 
tongue protrudes, so as to incut tlic risk of a great wound, or 



of ft piece of it being cnt off, should the teetli come forcibly 
togcllwr with the spagm ; tlio eyca rolled inwards, the eyelid* 
for the most port are mpRffllod, and aflected with palpiialion; 
but »l)ould they wisb to shut the lids thoy cannot bring them 
together, iiitomuch that th« white of the eyes can be seea 
from below. Tho cycbrowa somctimce relaxed towards the 
mesal tpacv, as in thow who are frowning, and sometimes 
retracted to the tcinplcs abnormally, bo that the ikln about tho 
ilirehead is greatly Htretched, and the wrinkles in the intcr- 
BUperciliaiy space di^ppear: the chocks are ruddy and quiver- 
ing; the lips sometimes compressed together to a sharp point, 
and sometimes wpamted towards the sides, when they are 
stretched over the teeth, like as in persons smiling. 

As the illness inoreusea lividity of countenance also mper- 
Tencs, diatenmon of the veaseia in the neck, inability of speech 
as in suffocation; insensibility even if you call loudly. The 
utterance a moaning and lamentation; and the respiration a 
BsDw of suffocation, a« in a person who is throttled; the pnlse 
strong, and quick, and small in the beginning, — great, stow, 
and feeble in the end, and irregular throughout ; lentigo of 
the genital organs. Sucli sufferings do they endure towards 
tlie end of tlic attack. 

But when they come to tlie termination of the illness, there 
are unoonscious di-tcharges of the urine, and watery discharges 
&om the howeb, and in some cases an evacuation also of the 
semen, from tlie constriction and compression of tho vessels, or 
from the pruriency of the pain, and tititlation of the humours; 
for in these eases the pains are seated in the nerves^ The 
mouth watery; phlegm copious, thick, cold, and, if you should 
druw it forth, you might drug out a quantity of it in the form 
of a thread. Itut, if with length of time and much pain, tho 
matters within the chest ferment, but tlie restrained spirit 
{pneuma) agitates all tilings, and tlicre is a oonvul^on and dis- 
order of the same, a flood, as it were, of humours swella up to 



the organ* of refl[Hradon, the inoiitli, and the now ; uid if 
■long with Uic humoura lite spirit be »iix«(j, it uppciira like 
the reU«r of all tlie former ieelings of ■uffovation. They 
•ecotdingty spit out foam, as the sea eject! froth in mighty, 
tempests; an«l then at lengtli tlicy rise up, the ailiueut now' 
being at an end. At the terminuuon, they arc torpid in their 
members at &TSt, experience heaviness of the head, and loa 
of stittngtli, and arc Unguid, pale, spiritless, and dejected, 
from the sitffiinng and shame of the dreadful malady. 



Tetanus, in all its varieties, is a epasm of an exceedingly 
painful nature, very swift to prove fittal, but neither easy to be 
removed. They arc affections of the muscles and tendons 
about the jaws; but the illnc-^ is communicated to the whole 
frame, for all parts are aficcled sympathetically with the pri- 
mary organs. There arc three forms of the convulnon, namely, 
in a straight line, backwards, and forwards. Tetanus is in a 
direct line, when the perjon labouring under the dittcnUon it 
stretched out *tnii}r1it and inflexible. The contractions for* 
wards and backwards have their appellation from the tension 
and the place; for that backwards we call OpistJiotunos ; and 
that variety we call Einprosihotonos in which the patient is 
bent forwards by the anterior nerves. For the Greek word 
TOkOf is applied both to a nerve, and to signify tension. 

The causes of these complaints are mauyj for some are apt 
to supervene on the wound of a membrane, or of muscles, or of 
punetiirod ncrvc«> when, forthc most part, the patients die; for, 
" spasm from a wound is fitlal." And women also suffer from 



thia Bposni aiW ab<»Uon; and, in this caae, th«y neldom re* 
cover. Otitera are aUacked with the spasm owing to a seven 
blow in the neck. SeveiecoMaho sometimesprovesacause; for 
this reason, winter of all the seasons moat especially engeaden 
these affecttoos; next to it, spring and autumn, but least of alt 
summer, unless when preceded \ty a wound, or when any strange 
diseases prevail epidemically. Women are more disposed to t«ta- 
Doe tlian men, bemuse they are of a cold temperament; but 
they more readily recover, because they are of a humid. With 
respect to the difierenl ages, children are frequently affected, 
but do not oficn die, because the affection is iamiliar and akin 
to them 1 striplings arc Icn Hsblc to tuffci, but more readily 
die; adults least of all, whereas old men are mo<t subject 
to the disease, and most apt to die; the cause of this it 
tJie frigidity and dryness of old age, and t}ie nature of the 
death. But if the cold be along with humidity, these 
spasmodic diseases are more innocent, and attended with Icn 

In all these raricties, then, to spcslc generally, there is a 
pain and tension of tl>e tendons and spine, and of the muscles 
conneeied wiih the jaws and cheek; for they fasten the lowei 
j*w to the upper, n that it could not easily bo separated ereo 
with levers or a wedge. But if one, by fordbly scptimting 
the teeth, pour in some liquid, the parents do not drink it but 
squirt it out, or retain it in the mouth, or it regurgitates by 
the nostrils; for tlte isthmus fiiuciuro is slrongly compressed, 
and the tonsils being hard and tense, do not coalesce so as to 
propel that which is swallowed. The lace is ruddy, and of 
mixed colours, the eyes almost immoveable, or are rolled about 
with difficulty; strong feeling of suffocation; respiration b«d, 
distension of the arms and legs; subsultus of the moscles; 
the counienanoe variously distorted; the cheeks and lips tremu- 
lous; the jaw quivering, and the teeth rattling, and in certmn 
me cases even the ears are thus affected. I myself hare beheld 



tiu8 and wondered I The urine is retained, so as to ioduco 
strong dj-suria, or puasea spontaneously &ori c«Dtiac;iou of 
the bladder. Tb<!ae iiyinptoms oocur in each variety of the 

But tiuae ore peculiarities in each ; in Tetanus there is ten* 
non in a aUmight line of the whole body, which is unbent and 
inflexible; the tegs and arms are straight 

OpisLhotoQoe bends the patient btickwanl, like a bow, so 
that the retlectcd head is lodged bi^twccit the shoulder-blades; 
the throat protrudes; th« jaw sotnctimes gapes, but in some 
rare cmcs it is fixed in the upper one; lespiration stertorous; 
the belly and chest prominent, and in t)iese there la usually 
incontinence of urine; tlic abdomen stretched, and reaonant if 
tapped; the arnia strongly bent back in a state of extenaioD; 
the legs aad thighs are bent together, for the legs are bent in 
the oppoatc direcbon to the hains. 

But if they are bent furwards, they are protuberant at tho 
back, the loina being extruded iu a line with tlie back, the 
whole of the spine being straight; the vertex prone, the head 
inclining towards the chest; the lower jaw fixed upon tho 
breast bone; the hands clasped together, the lower cxtrcmi^es 
extended; pains intense; tlie voice alu^getlier dolorous; they 
groan, making deep moaning. Should tlie raisdiicf then acixc 
tho dieat and tlie respiratory organs, it readily frees the patient 
fiom life; a blessing this, to hiinsclf, ae being a deliverance 
from pains, distortion, and deformity; and a contingency less 
tlian usual to bo lamented by tlie spectators, were he a son 
or a JitLhcr. But ehould tho powers of life still stand 
out, the respiration, although bad, being still prolonged, tlto 
patient is not otily bent up into an arch but rolled to- 
gether like a ball, so that the head rests upon tlie knees, 
wliilo the legs and back are bent forwards, so as to convey 
the iinpii^ssion of the artjculation of tho knee being dislocated 



An inhnman calamitj I an unsoemly »ght I a fipectadc piuo- 
ful oren to the beholder I an incurable roalady I owing to lim 
distortion, not to be recognised by the deaiest frienda; and 
hcnco the prayer of the spectalore, which formerly would huvg 
been reckoned not pious, now becomes good, that the patient 
muy deport from life, as being a deliverance from the paina 
and unxcomly evils attendant on it. But neither can tfa« 
phy»icuui, tliough present and looking on, fumbh any assisL- 
anoc, B> rvgarda life, relief from pain or from di^formity. For 
if he should wish to straightco the limbs, ho can only do 80 
by cutting and breaking those of a living man. With them, 
th«n, who arc overpowered by thv disease, he can merely sym- 
patbidu. Thijt is the great misfortune of the physician. 



Akgika 'a indeed a veryacutc affection, for it ia a compression 
of lh« respiration. But there are two specie* of it; for it is 
either an inflammation of the oigana of respiration, or an 
aSbction of tlie i^pirit (jmaima) alone, which contains the cause 
of the dinease in itaelf. 

The organs affected are, the tonsils, epiglottis, pharynx, 
uvula, top of the trachea; and, if the indammalion spread, the 
tongue also, and internal part of the fanccs, when they pro- 
trude the tongue outside the teeth, owing to its-abnormal size; 
for it Stls t^ic whole of the mouth, and the protuberance 
thereof extends beyond tlic teeth. This species is called 
Cjnanchc, cither from its being a common aficction of those 
■Dunolly OT from its being a customary prueticc for dogs to 
protrude the tongue even in health. 



Th« oppoaitc symptoma ittond the other spedei: namely, 
collapeo of the organsi and diminutton of the natural 020, 
with intense feeling of mffocation, ioBomnch that it appcara to 
thanselres as if the infUmmation had disappeared to the in- 
ternal part* of tlie thorax, and had sciicd upon the heart and 
lunj^. This we call Sj'ouichc, as if &oni the diacam inclioing 
inirardly and producing tuffocation. It appcara to me that 
this ia an illncaa of the spirit (jmmma) itacif, which Kaa under*. 
gon« a morbid convcTsion to a hotter and drier stale, without' 
anj inflammation of the organ ilaulf. Nor it tbi* anj- great 
wonder. For in the Charannan cMvet the most mtddcn luflb* 
cations occur from no afi^ction of any organ,> but the pcnons 
die from one innpimtion, before the body can suiuin any ' 
injury. But likewise a nian will be aeixed with rabia, from 
reapiring the efBuvia of the tongue of a dog, without having 
been bitten. It U not imjioesible then, tluit such a change 
the respiration should occur within, since inuny other phcno> 
neiut which occur in a man bear a resenibknce to exlental 
causes, such as juices which beoonw spoiled both within and 
without. And diseases resemble deleieriuus substances, and 
men have similar vonutings from medicines and from fevera. 
Hence, also, it was not a wonilerful thing, tliat in Uis 
plsgtw of Athens, certain persons fancied that )x>i.*onoua, 
tubatancee had been thrown into the welis in tlie ]*irseui 
by the Peloponneeians; for these persons did not perceire 
the affinity between a pestilential disease and deleterious 

Cases of Cynanche are attended with inflammaticm of the 
tonsils, of the fauces, and of the whole mouth; the tongue 
protrudes beyond the teeth and lips; they havo salivation, ilie 

' Tho ChttroniBan ditchmorpita 
bore ineotioned, tian in PbiTsio. 
SeeStrabo, iii.8. lliey are incn- 
tioDod bf Oa1«u, de usu imi-tiUDi, 

vii.; Epid.i.t.xvil.p.lO,«d.Kahn} 
and Pliny, H.N. vii. 93, Thvlriwa- 
tilontukl oxhalntiona ora oftm uo* 
tiGod by aiuiicut autlior*. 



phlegm rottning out Yerjthiclc uid oold; they have their faces 
ruddy and swollen; their eyes protubenmt, wide open, and 
red; the drink ragurgitates by the noelrils. The pains 
violent, but obscorcd by the urgency of the suSbcation; the 
chest and heart are io a stale of iiifluminattun; tJiere is a Icng- 
iog for cold air, yet they inspire but little, until they arc 
■uffooated from the obstruction of the passage to the chett. 
Id oertaio cases, there is a ready transference of the diseoao to 
the chest, and these die from the metastasis; the fevers feuble, 
slight, bringing no relief. But if, in any case, there is a turn 
to the better, abscesses form on either side, near the cars ex- 
ternally, or internally about the lon.tils; and if these occur 
with torpor, and arc not very protracted, the patients recover, 
indeed, but with jwin and danger. But, if a particularly 
large swelling should occur, in such cajcs as arc converted 
to an abscess, and tlie abscess is raised to a point, tlicy 
are quickly sufToealcd. Such are the peculiar symptoms of 

Those of Synanc)»e are, collapse, tennitr, and paloncsa; th« 
ey(« hollow, sunk inwardly; the fauces and uvula retracted 
upward*, itie tonsils approaching one another ttUl more; loM 
of speech: the feeling of suffocation is much stronger in this 
apedw than in tlic former, the mischief being seated in the 
ehost irhenee the source of respiration. In the most acuta 
casM, the patients die tlie same day, in some instances, even 
before calling in the physician; an<l in others, although called 
in, he could afford them no relief, for they died before the 
physician could apply the rcsuurocs of his art. In tbo<e ia 
which the diwcatc takes a fitvourable turn, all the parts become 
inflamed, the inflammation being determined outwardly, so 
that the disease becomes cyitanche in place of synanche. It la 
also a good thing when a strong swelling, or erysipelas, appean 
externally on the chest. And the skilful physician diverts the 
mischief to the cheat by means of the cupping-instrument, or 



b; ftpplying mustard to Ute breast and tbc parts near the jaws 
be detormince outwaidly and discusses chc dincnw. In ccrtMD 
coses, indeed, tbe evil hy those means has been for n time drircn 
outward?, but wbttn so drircn out it speedily reverts, and pro- 
duces sutTocation. 

The causes arc lolinitc, more especially exposure to cold, 
and, Ivre frequently, to heat; blows, fish-bones fixed in the 
tonsils, cold draughts, intoxication, repletion, and the ills from 



Thb solid body suspended from the roof of the month 
between the two tonsils is called columella and gurgulio. Uvm 
is tlie name of the affection. Tbe columella {uvula) is of a 
nervous nature, but humid, for it ia situated in a humid 
KgioR. Wherefore this body, the columella, sufTera from 
various affcctioDs, for it becomes thickened &om inSamina- 
tion, being elongated and of equal thickness from the base to 
the extremity, and is attended with redness. Columna is the 
appellation of this afTcction. If it be rounded towatds tbe 
exttemity alone, and with its enlargement become livid and 
darkish, tlic name of the aflTcctlon is Uva; for it altogether 
resembles a grape in 6gurc, colour, and size. A tliiid affec- 
tion is that of the membranes when tbey Have the appearance 
of broad sails, or the wings of bats, on this side and on that. 
This is called Lorum, for the lengthened folds of the mem- 
branes resemble tliongs. But if the columella tcrtninaics ia a 
slender and elongated membrane having at its extremity a 
resemblance to the butt-end of a spear, it gets the name of 



Kimbria. This aScctioa arlf<!« eponUDcously firom ft defluxion, 
like tlie others, but also from an obltquo iiifusion when the 
surgeon leavee the membraDe at one side.* But if the organ 
{uvula) bcooute biiid with two membranes hanging on tbia 
aide and on that, it has no distinct appellation, but it is on 
easy matter for any one who sees it to recogniae the nature of 
the diseaK. 

A sense of suffocation accompanies nil t3u»e aiTcctions, and 
tliey can by no means swallow wiili freedom, lliere is ooagh 
in all the varieties, but e^>ecially in those named lomm ant] 
fimbria. For a ticillation of the trachea is produced by tho 
membrane, and in some cases it secretly instils some liquid 
into the windpipe, whenec they cough. But in uva and 
columella there is still more dyspnoea and very difHcult 
deglutition ; for, in the»c cases, tlic fluid is squceted up to tho 
nostrils, from sympathy of the toniilg. The oolumdla is 
common in old persons, the uva in the young and in adults; 
tor ibcy obound in blood, and are of a more inflammatory 
naturv. I1ic nflcclions of the membranes are common in 
puberty and infancy. It is safe to apply the knife in all 
thcM varieties; but in tlie uva, while still red, hemorrhage, 
pains, and increase of iniluminatioa >u[>crvcnc> 



UlCKRS occur on the tonsilsi some, iiKleed, of an ordinary 
nature, mild and innocuous; but others of an unusual kind, 
pt-Htilentifd, and faUiI. Such as arc clean, small, supcrGcial, 
without inflammation and without pain, arc mild; but such as 

> Onr kuUior alhideH her* to 
the mirgicol opunttOD, exciawt of 

the tonaih, daxcribml b; PruItis 
JBgineta, vi. 3a 



are broad, hollow, foul, And covertd with a white, Urid, 
or bUck concrotioii, are pestilential. Aphtha ie the name 
given to these ulcers. But if the concretion haa depth, it 
ia an Eschar and ia so called: but around the eschar there is 
forroed a great redneES, inflaminatton, and pain of tlie veins, aa 
in carbuncle; and snuill pustules form, at first few in number, 
but others coming out, Hiey coalesce, and a broad uloer ia 
produced. And if the disease spread outwardly to the mouth, 
and reach the columella {uatia) and divide it asunder, and if 
it extend to the tongue, the gums, and the alveoli, tJie teeth 
also become loosened and black; and the inflammation seizes 
the neck; and these die witliin a few days from the inflamma- 
tion, fever, foetid smell, and want of food. But, if it spread 
to the thorax by the windpipe, it occasions death by suffoca- 
tion within the space of a day. For the longs and heart can 
neither endure such smells, nor ulcerations, nor ichorous dis* 
charges, but coughs and dyspntsa supervene. 

The cause of the mischief in the tonnls is the swallowing of 
cold, rough, hot, acid, and astringent substances; for these parts 
minister to the chest as to the purposes of voice and respira- 
tion; and to the belly for the conveyance of food; and to the 
Btomach for deglutition. But if any affection occur in the 
internal parts, namely, the belly, the stomach, or the chest, an 
ascent of the mischief by the eructations takes place to the 
isthmus fauciuin, the tonsils, and the parts there; wherefore 
children, imiil puberty, especially suffer, for children in par- 
ticular have largo and cold respiration; for there u inoet heat 
in them ; moreover, they are intemperate in regard to food, 
have a longing for varied food and cold drink; and they bawl 
loud both in anger and in sport; and these diseases are 
&miliar to girls until they have their menstrual purgation. 
The land of Egypt especially engenders it, the air thereof 
b^g dry for respiration, and the food diversified, consisting 
of roots, herbs of many kinds, acrid seeds, and thick drink; 



namclj, the water of the Nile, and lh« sort of ale pr«pai«d 
from burlcy. Syria also, and more esfi«ciaUy Ctzloayria, en- 
genders those diseases, and hence they have been named 
Egyptian and Syrian ulcers. 

The toaancr of death is must piteous; pain sharp and hot 
a> from carbuncle;' respiration bad, for their breath snieUi 
strongly of putrctoclion, as tlioy constantly inhale the same 
again into their vliest; they are in so loathsome a state that 
they cannot endure the smell of themselves; countenance pa!o 
at Urid; ferer acute, thirst is if tcom fire, and yet they do not 
deatro drinic for fear of the pains it would occasion; for they 
become eick ii' it compress the tonsils, or if it return by the 
noBtrils; and il' they lie down they rise up again os not being 
able to endure the recumbent position, and, if they riao up, 
they are forced in their distreu to lie down again ; they mostly 
vallc about erect, for in their inability to obtain relief they 
fleo from rat, as if wishing to dispel one pain by another. 
Inspiration large, as desiring cold air for the purpose of refri- 
geration, but expiration small, for the ulceration, as if pro- 
duced by burning, is inflamed by the heat of the respiration. 
n»iirscncs«, loss of speech supervene; and these symptoms 
hurry on from bod to worse, until suddenly falling to the 
ground they expire. 



Under the ribs, tlie spine, and the internal part of the thorax 
■8 fkras the clavicles, there is stretched a thin strong mem- 

■ The term in tha original, 
St9pn^, may either signi/jr ■■ a live 
ooal," or the diseoM "Corbuncl*" 
Sw Paulus JB^naiA, iv. £0. It is 

Bouewbat douhtM to which of 
tliaaa silgnifications our author ap- 
plJM it boTB ; Jodeod, th« foormar 
would h« the mors omphatio. 



braae, adhciing to the hanu, which is turned tvcaiyent, 
AVhoD infUmiDAtioa occurs in it, and there is beat with cough 
and parti -coloured nputa, the nfiection is named Pleurisy. But 
all these symptoms muat harmonise and conspire togethei u 
all springing firom one cause; for such of them as occur 
ratcly from different caoeos, even if they all occur together, 
are not called pleurisy. It is accompanied by acute pain 
the otavidee; heat acrid; dMtdntiu on the inOamed side easy,] 
for thus the membrane (plewa) remains in its pn^ier sea^' 
but on the oppo«le ade pain&l ; for by its weight, the inflam- 
maiioa and stu^nslon of the membrane, the pain stiotchea tOi j 
all Its adheeions at the aliouldert and duriclcs; and in certun 
eases even to the bock and shoulder blade; tlie anoicnts called 
this affection Donal pleurisy. It is attended with dyspncea, in* 
Eomnolcncy. anorexia, florid ivdnest of the cheelca, dry oougli 
difhcult expectoration of phlegm, or bilious, or deeply tinj 
with blood, or yellowish ; and these 9ym{>tams obterre haI 
order, but como and go irregularly; but, worst of all, if the 
bk>ody sputa cease, and the patients become delirious; and 
•ometinec they become oomatose, and in tlidr somnolent^ 
the mind wavers. 

But if the disease take a bad turn, all the symptoms getting 
worse, they die withiu the seventh day by falling into syn- 
cx>pc; or, if the commeQcemeat of the expectoration, and the 
more intense symptoms occurred wiUi the second hebdomad, 
they die on the fourteenth day. It sometimes happens that 
ID the iotcrmediAtc period there is a transibrence of all the 
symptoms to the lungs; for the lung attracts to itself, being 
both porous and hot, and being moved for the attntcdoo of 
the aabstancca around, when the patient is suddenly nifibcatod 
by metastasis of the aiTcction. But if the patient pass this 
period, and do not die within the twentieth day, he becomes 
affected with empyema. These, then, arc the symptoms if 
the disease get into a bad state 



But ir it take & &Tounblc turn, th«rc is a proFiuc licnior- 
thage bj tlic no«tnlS( when the diMsaw i» sudilenly leiolved; 
then follow sleep and cxpcctoniUoo of phlegm, uid nfWrwvili 
of thin, bilious mittlen; ttien of still thinner, and agun of 
blood;, thick, and (Icsh-like; and if, with thti bloody, the bil« 
return, and witli it ilie phlegm, the patient's oonvalescenoe ifl 
eecora; and tliese symptoms, if they should commence on the 
third day, with an easy expectoration of smooth, conaistent, 
liquid, and (not) rounded ^uta, the reeoUition takes place on 
the sercnth day, when, after bilious discharges from the 
bowels, ihcro L» freedom of renpiralion, the mind settled, fever 
diminishing, and return of apjictitc. But if tlicsc symptoms 
commence with the second week, die resolution occuib on the 
fourteenth day. 

But if not Eo, it is converted into Empyema, as indicated 
by rigoni, pungent pains, the dcsint of sitting erect, and tho 
rcspinttion becoming worse. It is then to be dreaded, lest, 
the luugn suddenly attracting the pus, the patient should bo 
thereby suflbcatcd, after having escaped the first and greater 
evils. But if the abscess creep in between the libs and sepop 
late them, and point outwardly ; or, if it burst into an intestine, 
for the most part the paucnt recovers. 

Among the seasons of the year winter moat especially en- 
genders the disease; next, autumn; spring, less frequently; 
but summer most rarely. With R^rd to age, old meat are 
meet apt to sufier, and most readily escape from an attack; 
for mother is there apt to be a great inflammation in an arid 
frame; nw is there a tDetastasis to the lungs, for old age ii 
more frigid than any other age, and the rt^iration small, and 
the attraction of all things deficient. Young men and adults 
are not, indeed, very apt tosufler attacks; butneilber, also, do 
they readily recover, for from a slight cause tliey would not 
experience even a slight atUck of inBammation, and from 
great attacks there is greater danger. Children are least of all 




li«l>1<! to picurtsjr, Btid in th«r case it is \em frmjnentl; fiUol; 
for th«ir bodicii urc rare, Kurelions copious, per^iintioii and 
exUulation ahuiidaot; lionoc neither is a great inBmmnaatioii 
foimed. This is tlte felicity of their period of lifo in the 
preeent afiection. 







On Psinuosu. .... L 

O31 THB BRmuiNa UP OF Blood . . IL 

On SiscoPK IIL 

0» Cadsub ..... IT. 

On Chouuu ..... V. 

On Iledb ..... VI. 

On the Acdte Affections aboot the Liveh VII. 

On TBE AcDTB Affection aboiit isax Tksa Cava VIII. 

On the Acute AFFEcnom about the Kidhetb IX. 

On THB AcCTB AiTEcnoNB about tbx Bladder X. 

On the Hibtehical Coxvuuioh . . XI. 

05 Sattbiasib .... XII. 





BOOK 11. 



Ahihals live by two prindpnl things, food and Invath (^pirtV, 
pntuma] \ of theae by Ski the most important is the irepintion, 
fi>r if it be slopped, the m&n will not endure long, bat imme- 
diately dies. The orgiins of it are many, the commencement 
being the nottrils; the pnsttage, the trachcn: the containing 
veascl) the lung!<; the protection and receptacle of the lungs, 
the thorax. But the other jMu-ts, indeol, minixtci only a« la- 
etnimcntt to tlie animal; but the lungs also contain the caun 
of attraction, for in the midst of them is seated a hot organ, 
the heart, which Is tlie origin of life and respiration. It 
imparts to the lungs the desire of drawing in cold air, for it 
laifcs a beat in them; but it ia the heart which attracts. If^ 
therefore, the heart suffer primarily, death is not fitr olT. 

But if tlie lungs be aiTectcd, from a slight aniac there ia 
didiculty of breathing; the patient lives miserably, and death 
is the issue, unless some one eSects a cure. But in a great 
aflection, such as inflammation, there ia a sense of sufibcation. 


1o9i of speech and of breathing, and a vpccdj death. This is 
what we call Peripneumonia, being an inflnmmntion of the 
lungs, with acut<e fever, when they urc attended with hcavincaa j 
of the chest, freedom from pain, provided lh« lungs alone awj 
inflamed; for they are naturally inBennbIc, being of looasl 
tcxtttre, UIeo wool. But branches of the aspera arteria an^ 
spread through ihem, of a cartilaginous nature, and tliese, 
also, are insensible; muscles there arc nowberc, and the nerw . 
are email, slender, and minister to motion. This is (he cause 
of the insensibility to pain. But if any of the mciubranos, by 
which it is connected with the chest, be inflnmcd, pain also it 
present; reJ]>iralion bad, and hot; they wisli to get up into an 
erect posture, as being the eastost of all postures for the respi- 
ration. Ruddy in countenance, but especially the cheeks; the 
white of Uio eyes very liright and fntty; the point of the noao 
flat; the reins in the temples and neck distended; ton of ap- 
petite; pulse, at first, large, empty, very frei]tiunt, as if forcibly 
stccclcrated; heat indeed, externally, feeble, and more humid 
than natural, but, internally, dry, and very hot, by means of 
which the breath is hot; tlierc u tliirst, dryness of the tongu^ 
desire of cold air, aberration of mind; cough mostly dry, but 
if anything be brought up it is a frothy phlegm, or sliglitly 
tinged with bilo, or with a very florid tingo of blood. The 
blood-stained is of all others the worst. 

But if the disease ten<l to a Gital terminaUoD, there is in- 
BOinnoIcncy; sleep brief, heavy, of a comatose nature; vain 
fancies; they are in a doting state of mind, hut not violently 
delirious; they have no knowledge of their present sulTcrings. 
If you interrogate them respecting the disease, they will not 
acknowledge any formidable symptom; the extremities oold; 
the nails livid, and curved; the pulse small, very frequenl.and 
failing, in which case death is near at band, for they die 
mostly on the seventli day. 

But if the disease obate and lake a favourable turn, there is 


a copious hemorrhage from the noM, % d'lBchiTgc from tlie 
boweb of mnch bilious and frothj roattcis, ruch as might Mem 
to be expell»l from the lung« to the lower bolly, prorided it 
readily brings off muob in a li<)uid state. Sometimes then is t, 
determination to tlie iiriae. But thvy reoorer tlie most speedily 
in whose cases all these occur togetlier. 

In certain cases much piis is formed in the lungs, or there ia 
a metastasis from the side, if a greater symptom of con> 
vfilcscence be at haD<l. But if, indeed, the matter be translated 
Irom the nd« to the intestine or bladder, the patients imme- 
diately recover from the peripneumony; but they liavo a 
ohroaic abacas in the side, which, however, gels bolter. But 
if the matter buret upon the lungs, some haw thereby been 
sufiTocated, from the copious effusion and iimhility to bring it 
np. But vuch as escape sufibcation from (he bursting of tli« 
abacea*, have a large ulceration in the lungs, and pass into 
phthisb; and fiom the abscess and phtliitis old persons do not 
readily recover; but from the peripneumony, youtlis and adulta. 



TuERK are two epccic!* of tlie dtsoharge of blood by the mouth. 
The one thatby the inoutli from the heod and tlie vcasels there; 
the passage i) by the palate and fitucea, where are silualod the 
comnicncemcnt of tho oisophagus and trachea; and with 
hawking, and small and more urgent cough, they eructate the 
hloud into tho mouth ; whereas, in that from tho mouth, 
neither does hawking accompany, and it is called Enyitiftu {fir 
spitting of blood]. But when the discharge is more scanty, 
and by drops, oc when it comes more copiously from the lieud. 



or from the moulh, it is no longer called a bringing up, but 
either the same, or a spitting, or a hcmorrlia^. But if it 
ucend from the chest, and the viscera tltcni, the lunge, aspeta 
aiteiia, the parts abotit the spine, the dijoharge from these is 
aotcsUod a spitting, but a bringing up (in Greek, avofmy^f 
tlw nanc being expressive of ita coming upward*).' 

The Bjrmptoms of both arc piutly ooiiimon, small and few in 
□umber, such as the seat of them, in which thurc is a coincidence 
botirccn the bringing up ami Uie quitting. But the peculiarities 
of each are great, many, and of vital importance, by which it 
is easy to tiistinguiah either of them from the other. If, 
therefore, it came from the head, with a hirge disohjurge of 
blood, greater and more numerous symptoms will arise, but 
scanty from a slight and small spitting; in these cases, there is 
heavineas of the head, pain, noises of the cars, rodncw of 
countenance, distension of the veins, vertigo; and these ara 
[oeceded by some obvious cause, sucli as a blow, cxpoaurc to 
o(^d, or heat, or intoxication ; for drinking of wine speedily 611s 
tlie head, and 8[>eedily empties it, by the bursting of a vctsd; 
but from a slight intoxication there may be spitting, proceeding 
from rareQiction. Occasionally an habitual hemorrhage from the 
noMrils is stopped, and being diverted to the palate, produces 
the semblance of a bringing up of blood. If, therefore, it be 
from the head, there is titiUution of the palate, frequent hawk- 
ing, and witli it a copious spitting takes place; a desire tiuper- 
Tencf> and they readily cough. But if it flow into the aspeta 

' Cnlins Aurvliuiua, under thu 
taMd of "Sanguinis fluor," tbus 
eiplunn the term: — "Impropnura 
eat «nim fluurem vociirc id ({iiod 
MOSDCU quodain hod L^u fcrtiu-. 
Std hg»c Oroci v«raa ric« jkuu- 
erunt, dcrirationem nominia in- 
tuentiM. Hi eniin ansgogen voont 
quod uiagifl «x mferioribua od su- 

pericira fluorem NigDiiioat.*'>-IVMdL 
poM.iix. 9. W« are at a low for a 
proper vooable in English to «z- 
proM this t«rm. It is nmialtf 

tnaaUtod rejtelio in lAtin, whicfa, 
liowuTer, IB nut atuOSoienll; «x> 

pressivo. Thu moat suilablu In 
English, which I oau think of^ ia 
" a bringing U])." 



«Ttem from the paUt«, tliey then tiring it ap by coughtng, 
and this it is whicb deceives them into the euppontion that it 
comes &om tho viscera below. It runs, nl«>, from the head 
into the atomsch, when it is votnitct) up with nausea, nnd thus 
proves a source of dvoeption, u uppearing to come from the 
stomach. The blood brought up by Kpitling is not very tliick, 
but dark in colour, smoolh, oonsiiitent, unmixed with other 
subrtanoes; for, being luwked up, it comes immediately upon 
tlie tongue in a round sliapc, being readily separated; and if 
yoa examine the roof of the palate, you will find it thickened 
and ulcerated, and, for the moEt part, bloody; and a slight 
and nmplc plan of treatment will suffice, namely, astringoDts 
applied to the palate in a cold state; for by hot, relaxing, and 
dilating applications the flow is increased, and this is an indi- 
cation that tlie spitting is from the head, in which case evacu- 
ations arc to be made from the head by the veins, the nostrils, 
or by any other channel of discharge. And diesc things murt 
be done speedily; for if the blood is discharged a considerable 
time, the Sow will become permanent, and the parts there will 
contract the habit of receiving the blood. The trachea, also, 
becomes ulcerated, and the patients cough instead of hawking; 
and this proves the commencement of a coosumplion. 

'llic flow of blood from tlie diest and viscera below is called 
a bringing up (in Greek, ^0701717). It is truly of a fatal 
nature, if it proceed from any of the vital ports which are 
ruptured — cither the vena cava in the heart, wliich convey* 
the blood from the Hvcr, or from the large vein which lies 
along the spine. For from hemorrhage, as from slaughtering 
or impeded respiration, death is very speedy. But in those 
CMS* ID which tlie blood comes from the lungs, the side, or 
the MMihea, they do not die so speedily ; but, nevertheless, they 
become affected with Empyema and Phthisis. Of these tlia 
least formidable is that from the trachea. But if the vomiting 
come from the itomach or bowels, tlie cases arc not of a very 



falsi tutore, eren thoogb Uie hemorrhage be Urge; neither ia 
the recovery slow snd changeable. But if it proceed from the 
liver and f^le«n, it is neither readily nor constantly dbcliargcd 
upwards, but the dcfluxion ia more easy iuto the stomach and 
intestinea. Yet neither is tlie discharge upwards by the lun^ 
impossible or incredible, for in fevers there occur heroorrhag«s 
of blood (rom the liver and spleen by the nostrilsi the blood 
flowing from the nostril on the nmc ndo as the viscus ftova 
whicli it comes. Thc«c, then, are the places from which the 
blood comes iu the biinging up, and such the diffiircnccs as to 
danger or mortality. 

But the modes are three; for it is brought up either from 
niplurc of a vessel, or from eroeion, or from rarefaction. 
Uupturc, tlicn, takes place Eu<ldenly, cither from a blow, 
etraining at a load, or liHing n weight upward, or a leap from 
a height, or from bawling aloud, from violent passion, or soma 
other similar cause, when blood is instantly poured forth fiom 
tlie vessel in great <]uantity. 

But if it procee<l from ero«ion, the patient is to be intcrrtKl 
gate<l if he ever had a cough before, or was affected with 
dyspntca, and whether nausea or vomiting ever afSictcd him 
previously. For from such chronic afiectiona Ute veneb aie 
csorroded by a continued, copious, and acrid deiluxion. When, 
tliereibre, the containing vessels, having been long wasted andj 
attenuated, at length give way, they pour forth blood. 

But the mode by rarefaction is, indeed, unattended by rup- 
ture, and on that account the diseharge b neither copious dck 
sudden, nor does it consist of tliick blood; foi by the rara-'i 
faction of the vessels, the thin portion is excreted. But if 
much collect in a cavity, and be agua brought up, it bcoomes 
thicker tlian natural, but yet not very thick, neither black) 
like a clot; but it is quickly brought up in grcnlcr quantity, 
M being from a collection. This mode of bringing up bk 
is eommon with women who have not their monthly pur» 



gatioB, and appears at the periods of the purgatioa, «nd etopa 
during the intervals between them ; aiid if thu woman i» not 
cured, the dischar^ge upwards of blood wJU revert for many 
periods, and ubo, in certain caaee, the voextls burst from 

And there ia a difference of the diacliarge, whether it ba 
broagbt up from an artery or a vein. For it is blacic, thiek, 
and readily coaguktcs, if &om a vein; it is lessdangeroua, and ia 
more speedily stopped; but if from an artery, it is of a bright 
yellow colour and thiot doen not readily coagulate, the danger 
is more imminent, and to stop it ia not so caay; for the pulsa- 
tions of the artery provolic the hemorrhage, and the lips of lite 
wound do not coalesce Irom the frequent movements of the 

Becoreiy, if from erosion, is protracted, difBcult, and doubt- 
ful; for, owing to losa of substance, the parts of the ulcer do 
not come together, for it ia an tdcer, and not a wound ; and 
adhesion takes place more readily in ruptures, for the lipa of 
the wound touch one another. This, then, is another dlfTerenco 
as to danger. The mode attended with least danger is that 
from rarefaction; and in it the styptic and le&igcrant melliod 
of treatment is sufficient. 

The places are to bo indicated from which the blood ts 
brought up; for many of the symptoms arc common, deoep> 
tion is easy, and the cure different. Blood, then, from croedon 
is not readily brought np from the stomach, for tlie coldness 
and stypticity of the articles of food and drink bring the parU 
to a state of condensation. Neither, also, arc case* from erosion 
common, although more so than the former; for acrid de- 
fluxions do not adhere tor any length of time, but are either 
brought up or are passed downwards. , Kuptura Ja more com- 
mon in the stomach. If, then, any mpture take place, the 
hcmonhago is not very great, such as that from the ihoraz; 
for the vinns there arc slender, and the arteries also are smaU. 



But in Appctnooo the blood is not very blMslc, not intensely 
ycllowidli, unooth, or mixed with sul'tva, buitig brought uji 
with nausea and vomiting, slight cough, sometimes witli some 
discliaigc, and 9omt.-times alone, without any expectoration; 
for the trachea syropathiaos with tlie gullet, being extended 
along and connected with it. There ia pinching or constric* 
tion of the ulcer from the things swallowed, more cepocially if 
tbey are very cold, hot, or auitcrc; and in certain caxes 
pain is produced in the stomach, extending as far as the back ; 
vomitings of phlegm, und nomctimcH, when the disease is long 
protracted, and there hiu been long abstinence from food, they 
bring up a great qunnttty of them ; fevers, not of a contintial 
typo, but of an irrogukr kind. 

Bat, from the stomach, what is brought up may be bhick 
and coagulated, even if it proceed from an artery; but if it 
proceed from a vein, it is much blacker and much more com- 
pact; much nausea and vomiting of pituitous and bilious 
nutter; blood mixed up with the food, provided the man hod 
eaten previously, for both the food and ilio blood are oollectcd 
together in the same place; eructations frequent and ftetid, 
and, if mucli collect together, there is anxiety of mind and 
vertigo; but if these be vomited they are relieved. Tliey are 
prostrate in strength, generally affected with n burning heat, 
and constant pain of the (tomach. 

But from the a»pcm arteria they bring up scanty and very 
fluid blood, witii a cough; or, if they do not bring it up, tbey 
cough incessantly. There is a painful feeling in tlic throat, 
ciUiieT a little below or above; voice hoarse and indistinct. 

But if it be from the lungs, the discharge is copious, cspe> 
cially if from ero»on, with much cough, of an intense yellow 
colour, frothy, rounded; so that what is brought up from one 
part may be distinguished from whjit is brouglit up from 
another. But the dcfluxion, though contained in a common 
TOMcl, fiom the chest, is divernficd after mixture, and you 


nwy disdnguiah puta of them as being portions of the tlionx, 
and puts which have s fleshy ftppeanmce m being portions of 
the looga. There is heavineaa of the clieat, frce<lom from pain, 
and much redness of the face, particukrly in these coses. 

But if brought up Irom the thorax, pain stretching to the 
anterior part of the breast is indicative of the ruptured part; 
cough intonse, expectoration difficult, the blood not very fluid, 
moderately thick, without froth. But if, in paasing, the lung 
be atfcctcd by conxcot, a certain amount of frotii is iniparted 
to it, for tlie paiiutge from the chest to the txaehea is by the 

But if, indeed, from the side there be ditcharged with cough 
blood which is black, smooth, foetid, stinking, as from puttis 
£kction, with acute pain of the tddc, many die after the manner 
of picuritics with fever, 

A eeason that b humid and hot engenders the«e affections. 
Spring is thus humid and hot. Next the summer; autumn 
less, but winter least of all. They die in summer mostly from 
hemorrhage, for great inflammations do not readily occur 
then; secondly, in spring, from inflammation and ardent 
fevers; but in autumn, attacks ofphlMtu readily occur. 

In a word, every discharge of blood upwards, even if small, 
and allliough the ruptured vcfiscls may have already united, is 
attended with lowncs of spirits, dejection, and despair of liie. 
For who u so firm in mind as to see himself enduring a state 
resembling that of a slaughtered animal, and yet have no (ear of 
death? For the largest and most powerful animals, such as bulls, 
die very quickly from loss of blood. That, however, is no great 
wonder. But this b a mighty wonder : in the discharge &om the 
lungs alone, which is particularly dangerous, the patients do 
not despair of themselves, even although near the last. The 
insensibility of the lungs to pain api>eaTS to me to be the cause 
of tliis; for pain,- even although alight, makes one to fear 
death, and yet, in most cases, it is more dreadful than peini' 



dou; wIifiKM the ft1»snoe of pain, «v«n ia Uio great illncne^ 
is attended vilh abseiMMof tbe feu of death, and ia mocs^ 
dangerous than dreadful. 



'Well bj all means has tVic physician, and well have the com- 
mon people nicceedcd in the appellation of this affixtion ! It 
is, indeed, the name of a very actite malady; for what i> thero 
greater or more nentc than the power of Syne^i" f and what 
other name more appropriate for the designation of thia 
■natter? what other organ more important than the heart for 
life or for death? Neither is it to ho doubted that syncope is 
a disease of the heart, or that it is an injury of the vital power* 
thereof — such ia the rapidity and such the mode of the deatnic- 
tion. For the affection ia ilie solution of llie honda of tlie vital 
power, being antagonistic to the constitutioR of the man; for 
having seized font thereon, it does not let go ita hold, but 
brings him to dbmlution. Nor is it any great wonder; for 
other diseases are peculiar to, and prove fatal to, certain organs, 
in which they are engendered, and to which they attach 
themselves. Tlius pestilential and rery malignant buboe* 
derive their origin from the liver, but from no other part; 
tetania, in like manner, from the nerves, and epilepsy from 
the head. Thus, therefore, syncope is a disease of the heart 
and oflifo. But such persons as ri^rd it to be an affection of 
the stomach, because by means of food and wine, and in 
certain case* by cold substances, the powers have been rcMorod 
and the mischief expelled — these, it vronld seem to me, ought 
to hold phrenitis to bo a disease of the hair and eSiia of the 



hcod, nnoe tlw phicnitict uc roUcTGd by the shaving uid 
wetUDg thcnx>f. But to the heart the vicinity of the stomach 
is most important, for from it the heart draws both what is 
suitable and what is unsuitable u> itaulf. And by the lungs 
the heart draws spirit (jmevvta) for respiration, but yet the 
lungs do not bold a primary place in respiration; for the 
powers are not in the organs, but there where is the original 
of life and strength. But the stomach is neither the original 
nor seat of life; and yet one would be injured by atouy there- 
of: for food which proves injurious to the heart does not liurt 
the stomach itself, but by it the heart; since thote dying in 
sueli cases have symptoms of hcart-affeclions, namely, pnlse 
small and locble, bruil of tlie lieart, with violent palpitation, 
vertigo, fainting, torpor, loss of tone in their limbs, sweating 
copious and un restrain able, coldness of (he whole body, insen- 
sibility, loss of utterance. How should the stomach endure 
such symptoms? For those peculiar to it are nausea, vomit- 
tng, loss of appetite, hiccup, onietadon, acidity; whereas in 
cardiac affections the patients are more acute in their senses, 
BO that tlicy see and hear better than formerly; they aie also 
in understanding mote sound, and in mind more pure, not 
only regarding present things, but also with regard to liiturity 
they are true prophets. These, then, are the powers, not of 
the stomach, but of the heart, where is the »oul and the nature 
thereof, and to it is to bo referred this aficctton of its powcnt. 

But this form of disease is a solution of Uie natunl tone 
from a cold cause and humidity, and therefore they are not 
afTeoted with heat, Mther internally or externally, neither do 
they Bufler from thirst, and their breath is cold even when the 
diseoao proceeds from strong and ardent fevers, by which syn- 
cope is usually kindled up. For when nature is strong, and 
of the proper temperament, it mica all and commands all, 
whether humour, spirit (jmeutM), or solid, and, by their good 
order and symmetry, reguhttee the man in life; but if the bond 

s^rt(||^oi^o. wu-. 94305 



of nntan:— that u to ny, ita tone— be (IotoItckI, then tliia 
ftlTcction is produced. The original of it u cafnu, which ia ia j 
thL» form. 



Heat, indeed, everywhere, buth acrid and subtil, but espe- 
cially in the internal parts; respiration hot, as if from fire; 
inlialation of air large; deeire of cold; dryness of tongue; 
parchedneaa of lips and ekin; extremities cold; urino inteiuoly 
tinged with bile; insomnolency ; pul»e fretjuent, sinall, and 
leeble; eyes clear, glancing, reddish; healthy colour of the 

But if the affection increase, all appc!trAncc« become greater 
mid worse; the pulse very small and very frequent; heat very 
dry and very acrid; intellect wavering; ignorance of all 
things; they are tliirsty; a desire to touch anything coldt 
whether a wall, a garment, the floor, or a fluid; hands ooldir< 
palms thereof very hot, nails livid; breathing tliick; pcr8[»ra- 
tion like dew about the forehead and clavicles. 

But if nature attain the extremity of drynees and of heat, 
the hot is converted into cold, and the parched into humidity; 
for extreme intensities of things change to the opposite state. 
When, therefore, the bonds of life are dtsKolvcd, this is syn- 
cope. Tlien is there an irrestrainable sweat over all the body; 
respiration cold, much vapour about the nostrils; they have 
no thirst, and yet the other parts are parched except tho 
organs of tliirst, namely, the mouth and stomach; the urine 
tliin and watery; belly for the most part dry, yet in certain 
cases the discharges are scanty and biliotu; a redundancy of 





humoun; even the hoova, being dueolved, nm off; Mid from 
all puts, M iii Ik rirer, tbore ia n cumnt outwards. 

A* to t)ie stale of the soul, every sense is piuc, the intellect 
aciitei the gnostic powers prophetic; for they prognostJctte to 
thuinsclvcs, in the first place, their own departure from life; 
th«n they Ibretell what will afterwards take plac« to Uioso pre- 
sent, who fancy sometimes tliat they are ddirioui; but these 
penons wonder at the result of what has been laiid. Ol)i«rs, 
alao, talk to certain of the dc^ud, perchance they alone perceiv- 
ing them to be present, in virtue of tbeii acute and pure sense, 
or perchance from their eoul seeing beforehand, and aonounc' 
ing the men with whom they arc about to ossodate. For 
formerly they were immersed in humours, as if in mud and 
darkness; but when tlie disease has drained these otf, and 
taken away tlvc mist from their eyes, they perceire those 
things which are in the air, and with the naked soul become 
true prophets. But tho»e who hare attained such a degree of 
Ittfwemcnt in their humwira and understanding wilt scarcely 
recover, tlic vital power having be«n already evaporated into 



Cholera. U a retrograde movement of the ineierUl in the 
whole body on the storoneh, the belly, and the intestines; a 
most acute illness. Those matters, tlicn, which collect in the 
stomach, ru»h upwards by vomiting; but those hnmoura in the 
belly, and intestine*, by the passages downwards. \^1Ih regard 
to appearance, then, those things which are first discharged 
by vomiting, arc watciy; but those by the anus, liquid and 




fetid excrement, (for coalJiiued indigestioa ia the cause of 
tbis disease) ; but if these arc washc<l out, the diacluiigas are 
pituitoiu, and th«n bilious. At fint, indeed, lliey are bonw 
Vftfily, and wilboiit pain; but iiflerwards tb« stonuich ia 
uOcctcd with rctcliingK, and the belly with tonninii. 

But, if tlie diseiLse become woree, the tormina get greater; 
there is fainting, prostration of strength in the limbs, anxiety, 
loos of appetite; or, if they take anything, with mucli rum- 
bling and nauaca, there is discharged by vomiting bile in- 
tensely yellow, and the downward dischargee are of like kind; 
spasm, contractions of the muscles in the legs and arms; the 
fingers are bent; vertigo, hiccup, livid nails, fiigidity, ex- 
tremities cold, and altogether they are afibcted with rigors, , 

But if the diseaee tend to death, the patient falls into • 
sweat; black bile, upwards and downwards; urine retained 
in the bladder by the spasm ; but, in fact, sometimes neither » 
there any urine collected in the bladdcx, owing to the me- 
tastasis of the fluids to the intestine; loss of utterance; 
pulse very small, and very frequent in the cases affected with 
syncope; continual and unavailing strainings to vomit; the 
boweU troubled with tenesmus, dry, and without juicca; a 
painful and most piteous death from spasm, suffocation, and 
empty vomiting. 

The season of summer, then, engenders this aSectJon; next 
autumn; spring, less frequently; winter, least of all. With 
regard to tlie ages, then, lliosc of young persons and adults; 
old age least of all; children more frequently than these, but 
their complainta are not of a deadly nature- 





An infiammaUon takes place in the inteetines, creating a 
deadly pain, for many die of intense tonnina; but Uiere ia 
kUo formed a cold dull ilatus (jinevma), wLich cannot readily 
pots cither upwards or downwards, but remains, for tbo most 
purt rolled up in tbc small convolulioiu of the upper intestines, 
and hence Uio dLvciue has got thv uppelluUon of lletu (or 
Vohmlia). But if in addition to tlic tormina, tlicro be com* 
pression and softening of the intestines, und the abdomen 
protrude greatly, it is called CkorJajistts, from the Greek 
word f^tTK, which ngoiGea eoHening, and X9P^ht which ia 
a name for the intcttincs; and hence the Mesentery, which 
contains all the nerves, vessels, and membranes that support 
tJie intestines, was called inixopEU by the ancients.' 

The cause of Ileus is a continued corruption of [nuc]t 
nuUiliiriousand unaccustomed food, and repeated act« of in- 
digestion, especially of articles which arc apt to excite Ileus, 
H the ink of the cuttle-fu^h. And the aume cflVcU may bo 
expectc<l from a blow, or cold, or the drinking of cold water 
largvlyand greedily in a state of sweating; and in those cases, 
in which the gut has descended into the scrotum with faxce, 
and has not been replaced into the belly, or has been restored 
to its place with violence, in such cases it is customary for the 

> Both Potit and Grmerina havo 
animndTcrtcd an thin nngulor <!»• 
rivntinn of the term j^upfla^dc. 
Ah Totit rnmarkn, the trtie duriva- 
tiou ianixlaubt from Jtmirflai, and 

Xopiri. Tho Greeb^ it ia well 
known, were vet; Cuioiful etymo* 
logiats, of wliich we bave Btrik> 
ing jirouls in thu Cnilj'lua of 

X 2 



lower inUMilineB to get inSamcd.* This nflceUou is cua- 
tomary witli cliildren, who arc subject to indigccLion, ami ihcy 
more rcutlily eacapo from the mbchicf, owing to tlieir habits 
und the humidity of tlicir int^tincf, for ihey arc loofv. Old 
persons do not rtadily suH'er from the complsunl, hut rarely 
recover. The acsson of summer engenders the diseuae mtltec 
than that of spring; nutuum, tlian wiutvr; hut the summer 
more than both. 

Many therefore die spccilily of these tormina. But 


other coses pus is formed; and tlien again, the intestine 
having become hWk and putrified, lias separated, and thus 
tho patients have died. In these cases, provided the Ileus is 
mild, there is a twisting pain, copious humours in the stomach, 
loss of tone, languor, vacant eructations bringing no reli«f, 
horborygmi in the bowels, the flatus poKing down to the anus, 
but not making Its escape. 

But if the attnck of Ileus acquire intensity, there is a de* 
termination upwards of everything, flatus, phlegm, and bile; 
for they vomit nil these; ihey arc pale, cold over the whole 
body; much jiuin; respiration bad, iliey arc aiTccted with 

If they are about to die, tlicre is cold sweat, dysuria, anus 
constricted, so that you eould not pass a slender mcul plate by 
it;* vomiting of &CC8; the patients arc speecldess; pulse, at last 

* Tb» aubatanoe of all the In- 
finmatJon to Ijo fnund in the 
wnrkw of t.ho nnoiont autboritico 
oa the wibjcot of Uuruiit, umj Iw 
wen in PauJus J^inut&, b. vi., 65, p. 
W, Syd.Soc Edit. 1 uiay mention, 
how^VM, that although there bo 
nothing in the works of the medi> 
cmI Buthoritiea which would lend 
us to auppOBtt that tUo aiident 
■urgoona were in th« proctiou of 
oi>eniting to reliove iocarixiiatoit 

Honila, th« foUawiOjt ftamgfi la 
one (it Martial'd EpigrilHIIWlld 
almoflt load us to suppose the con- 
tmry, "ilitius implieitas AJeon 
scout entcrooclas," Hpiifr. si. 84 ; 
wUioli might bo thus traniUatod, 
*'The surgeon Alcun inflictH leaa 
pain in cutting lor incariMraleil 
iiiteatinol hernia.' 

• Perhaps he mpiins "anecdle."' 
See Tcst4^ MaL d4 Cuor*, i. iii. 



Tare sod email, but hetore death TCiy BinaU, very dense, and 
failing. Th«»c symptoms attend the disease in the amtll 

But the tame aficctiona occur also in tlie colon, ftnd the 
symptoms are eimilar, as also the issue; some of these escape 
if pus fonn in the colon, the reason of which is the fleshy 
thickness of this intestine. The pain is slender and ehaqi 
in the small intestines, bnt broad and heavy in the colon; 
tlte pun also sometimes darls up to the ribs, when the disease 
pitta on the appearance of pleun'sy; and these, moreover, aro 
affected with fc^-cr; but someiimca it extends to the faleo 
ribs, on this tide or on that, so tliat the pain appears to bo 
•eatcd in the liver and spleen; again it allccts the loins, for 
the colon has many convolutions la all dirocticms; bat in 
otbei eases it fixes on the aacruni, the thighs, and the cre- 
mesters of the teeticlce. But in colic aOections, they have 
nther retchings; and what is vomited is then bilious and 
oily. And the danger therefrom is so much the less, as the 
colon is more fleshy, and ihiclter than the small intestines, 
>nd consequently more toloraot of injury. 



Ix the affections of the liver, the patienU do not die, indeed, 
more quickly than in Uio« of tlie heart; bat yet they suffer 
more pain ; for iJic liver is, in a great measure, a concretion of 
blood. But if the caiae of death happen to be situated in its 
Porta, they die no len speedily than Irom the heart; for ihcsc 
porta are tissues formed of membianes, of important and 
slender nerves, and of large v«ns. Ilcsce certain of the pliilo- 



eophcn hnvc heid that the dfisirefl of llie soul are acntcd 
thcrr. In lieinorrliage it greatly rorpassefl alt tbo others; 
" for th« liver is made up from the roots of Tcins," Whttrcforo 
» gnat infljiroinatioD doee fonn in it, but not very fny^ucntly, 
nor in its vital parte, for the p*li«nt would die previously. 
But a smaller iodammatioD often takes place, whence it 
happens that they escape death, indeed, but experience a more 
protracted state of disease. For of its ollicc, as icgards etn* 
guificatioD, there is no stop nor procrastination, as from it a 
supply of blood is sent to the heart, and to the parts bdow 
the diaphragm. 

If from a greater caum— -a strolce, or continued indigcstioa 
of much and bnd food, and intoxication, or great cold— an 
inflammation fbnns in the portal system, a very speedy death b 
the result. For there is a latent, smothered, and actid heat; 
pulee languid ; the kind of pain varied, and every way diver- 
eificd, Kimctimcs darting to the right side, so as to resemble a 
sharp weapon fixed in the place, and sometimes resembling 
tormina; ngain, at other times the pain is deep^nay, very 
deep; and, intermediate between the pain, atony and loss of 
uttcrunce. The diaphragm and suceingens (p/fw™) arc dragged 
downwards; for from them the Uver is suspended as a weight. 
For tills reason, a sirong pain extends to the clavicle on the 
same side; an incfTectual cough, or only a desire thereof, and 
when it comes to a conclusion, dry; respiration bad, for the 
diaphragm does not co-operat« with the lungs, by assisting 
ihcra in contraction and dilatation. They draw in a small breath, 
but expire a larger; colour, a dark-green, Icaticn; they loathe 
food, or if they force themselves to take any, they bccom« 
flatulent in the cpigaitrium; eructations bilious, acid, fetid; 
nausea, retchings, belly mostly loose, dischargee bilious viscid, 
■mall in quantity. The nlfecliona alwavs go on increasing; 
mind not very much deranged, but torpid, unsiettled, stupid; 
much timidity; coldness of Uie extremities, trcmbiingp, rigors. 



Dp of ft spasmodic nalure, juiukIIgCi bile intense, the whole 
body unged tritli bile. But if it appear before the scYcnth 
day, it proves fatal in many ciue*. 

But those who have escaped a fital terminatioo, either by a 
hemorrliage, or a rapid dinohargu from the bowels of bilious 
matters, or from frequent discharges of intense urine, in tlieeo 
cases, ai^r three weeks, the liver is converted into a purulent 
abscess. But if it pass considerably. this period without an 
abscess, it ends inevitably in dropsy; the patients are tliirsty, 
drink little, arc dried in body, lose fat; there ia a desire for 
ftcidii, and an in«;nsibility to tasto. 

Autumn engenders this affection, along with the indigcMion 
produced by much auiii me r- fruit and mulufariuuft food. Of 
oU ages, the adult is most subject to it. 



From the portx of the liver, there pttsscs a wide vein through 
the Epace intermediatv between its exticmitiea, which, being 
always divided into slender and more numerous branches, is 
distribnted at last all over the liver in vcseclfl imporc«-plibIe to 
the sight; and with their extremities anastomose the extremi- 
ties of other vtiins, which, ut first, arc tlendcr and numerous, 
grow larger and fewer in number, and, at lavt, they arc col- 
lected into one large vein; hence, Laving become two by 
division, these puss through the liver. Tlie upper one, then, 
hairing passed tlirough the first lobe, appears on iu convex 
tide; then, having passed the diaphragm, it is inserted into the 
heart: this is called tlie vena anv. The otlier, having poised 
through tlie lower lobe, the fifth, to its concave side, Diskce its 



e»t n«&r tlie apinfe, ftnd U extended along it as fitr 09 tlie iscliiatio 
region; wni it, also, is called iwna mm. It obtains the «mo 
name, 0* being one and tlic Eame vein, which derive* iu origin 
from the liver. For if one choose, ono may paes n plate of 
metal from tlio vena cava connected with the heart to that by 
the spine, and froro tlie spine iJirough the liver to tho heart; 
{or it IB the same passage leading upwards. 

This vein, then, as I think, is all diioflscd m acute and 
strong affections; for it is altogether one vein. But other 
physicians Cincy thai only the part along the spine is aflcctcd, 
because there are no manifcet symptoms in regard to tlio 
portion about the hearl; for it ia extt-ndcd through tho chest, 
having no adhesions, but tloiiting in the chest, unul, from th« 
dinphmgm, it adheres to the heart. If, then, any of tho 
great ailments Ecixe this vein, they arc concealed by the thorax 
surrounding it. 

Wherefore kedinata ' also form about tliis vein when a he- 
morrhage, bursting forth quickly proves fatal, the blood being 
(iisdiargcd by the lungs and the arleria aspera, if it hurst in 
the chest; but if, at its origin, the blood is poured into the 
lower belly, bo that the bowels float in it, when the jiatients 
die before the blood makes its appeamncc, the belly being 
filled with blood. 

Inflammation likewise forms about the vein, and it, alw, 
proves latiil, if it bo great; for there is an acrid and jftingent 
heat enclofe<.l in the cavities of both, but little surpassing what 
is natural, so tliat to the touch tho heat appears to be slight; 
but llie patient fancies himself burning iiol; pulse small, very 
frequent, so as to appear compressed and forcibly accelerated; 

> Sm tho note on the i&iglisb, 
tramilatioo uf Uippoantt«a, S,vd. 
Sot Edit., voL i. p. 2ie, and the 
authoritiM there referred to. The 
aDOuritunal rarix would apply beat 

to it ill thin place. It \s. noi uit- 
lii«lj that aortikl uneurismB vtm 
sometimes oonfoundud with It. On 
this Bubjoet, SCO further Tosta, 



coldness of tbc oxtTomiriei; intense thirvt; dryneaa oFlhe mouth g 
ndnoas of ooantcnaacc, along with palctMss; b« ii reddiih 
OTBTthfl whole bodj; hypochondriac Kgion liard, and retncted 
vpwwds; pjiin principally on tho right tide, and polpitauon 
thciwi, extending to the flnnbi; and in certain coms, alto, of 
the ftTt«Ty along tho spine, provided the pulmtion displajra 
itself in tho other hypochondrinc region; for lying, as it doc», 
on the lefl side, it synpathiae* with the other; the exhalation 
{n the gcDcntl ityHtem aflbrding no reli«f, and not even making 
the skin tofb, for U ti dry, sliriTclIed, and rough; and more 
fltpecially in the regions of the body where the bones are 
prominent, such as tho bock port of the olbow, tho knees, or 
the knuckle*. Sleep disturbed; the bowels, in certain cases, 
discharging nothing, and in others, the discharges small, aciid, 
bilious; ttrine, a bright yellow and pungent; not disordered, in- 
deed, in mind, but they arc torpid and wasted. Hence, thoeo 
who have seen this constitution of disease liave called it Cansus, 
for tlic present symptoms are those of a spccits of Causus; and 
in autumn there is a tendency to malignity, both in adults and 
tho young, in whom the habit of body is slender, from bad 
diet and hard labour, ll^csc, for tho most part, die on the 
fourteenth day; hot when the disease is protracted, they die 
in double that period- But those who cither originally have & 
riigbt inflammation, or when a great inflammation is gradually 
resolred, escape the disease indeed, but never get rid of th« 
mischief; for they labour under cniims a long time. But the 
dangerous symptoms cease, namely, the pains, diMcnyion of 
the hyi>ochondria, the bad piiise, and torpor of the intellect; 
but Rtill tliey have nnuaca, are ill at ease, with difitreasof mind; 
and, moreover, theae are attended with an acnusion of cauHus 
and thirst, dryneis of the tongue and mouth; they in^irc 
largely, drawing in a long and copious breath, as if wishing to 
draw in the whole atnxtfpherc, for the purpoae of refrigeration. 
And if they diink a large draught of oold water, they ar« 


reliered, indeed, for k short tjni«; but then again th« tbirst is 
kijndled up, and agnin thoy drink copiouslj. And tliis is the 
suooeauve conne of the maladj. And a good phyeidao would 
give irith impunity n copious oold draught, u in other 
speeicB of cauaos, and even with lesi ri>k, in the case of ihoeo 
labourinji; under cuuauii from diaease of the vena cAta. And 
if either die bowela or Ute bladder carry olT the drink, tlicre 
IB no necessity for inducing vomiting; but if not, ufivr much 
cold drink much vomiting must be induced. For thti putient 
would burst, if, aller drinking so mudi, he aliould have no 
discharges by 8weatiQg,-by urine, or by the bowels. 



The kidneys, aa &r as regards the peculiar structure of the 
organ, arc not productive of nny great danger, even if they 
should Gufier acutely; for, being of a glanduhir nature, they 
arc mild and do not experience deadly diseases, But thciroffice 
is important, namely, the lecretion of the urine from tlie blood, 
and its expubion. 

It is stopped either by a stone, or an iollammation arising 
there, or a clot of bloud, or somcihiug such; when no mis- 
chief arises from symputliy, owing to llie peculiar nature of the 
organ affected, but tlie retention of ihe urine produces all sorts 
of dreadful symptoms. Heat, which is acrid, and induces 
nausea; a heavy pain along the spine at the loins; distention 
of the parts, especially of those about the hypochondriumj 
suppression of urine, not entirely, but they pass urine in drops, 
and have a desire to pass more, for there is the sensation of an 
overflow. But if the urine become acrid and pungent, cold- 
ness, tremblings, spoeme, distention and fulness of the hypo* 



cliondria supervene. This miserable state and the conjoined 
feeling become similar to that of tjmpanitcs {iroduocd hy in- 
digeetjon, from the taking of too much food. I'liise, at fiirt, 
indocd, nlow iind languid; but, if the evil prceK hardw, small, 
frequent, tumnlluous, and irregular: sleep slight, painful, not 
continued; and suddenly starting up as if from the stroke ofs 
sharp instrument, they liill over again into ft deep flecp as if 
bom fatigue: they are not much deranged in intellect, but 
talk incoherently; the couiitenanue livii). But if the desire of 
making water return again, the patients posa a small quantity 
in drops, along with spasms and great paiiid, when, for a short 
time, they are relinved from thctr Bufferings, and again they 
experience a relapse. Of those that die, they «nk most 
quickly who pass no urine; but the greater part recover, 
either &om the stone dropping down into the bladder along 
with the urine, or from the inflammation being converted into 
pus, or &om being gradually dispelled. For, if the urine pass 
easily eroD in small quantity, they escape death; but for a 
length of time tliey waste in constituUon; the patients unde^^ 
these sufferings while still able to keep up, but gradually &11 
into a state of consumption. The same scosode, places, and 
ages induce these afiL-ctions as induce those in connection with 
the vcnic cavie. 

Sometimes blood burets from the kidneys suddenly in targe 
quantity, and flows continuotisly for many days. None, how- 
ever, die from Uic hemorrhage itself, but from the inflamma- 
tion occompunyin^ the hemorrhage, if the bleeding is stopped; 
but most fVrqucntly they die of strong inflammatioQ induced 
by l!ie stoppage. , 




Tbb bladder is a dangerous part to sufier in acute dlmues, 
even when it tnervly Bynip«t)iiia with other parts; but mors 
dangerous and fatal if the affection begin with itKlf; Ebr it is 
Tcry potent to make the other parts sympathise with it, as the 
nciTcs and th« andcrataading: for the bladder is a cold and 
white nerve, at a rcrjr great distance from the innate heat, bat 
TOTj near the ext«nuil cold: for it is ntuatcd in the lowest 
part of the belly, ul th« greatctt dijtaneR from the che»t. But, 
aln, its office is of vilal importsncc, namely, the pauMfiV of J 
the urine 

Even, then, when the paaag« is only stopped by stones, or 
clots, or from any native or fomgn mischief, it is of n deadly 
nature. In womcii, tlic phlegmonous tumour of the utcms 
may eompren it; and in men, the straight intestine at tlie end 
bowels, called the Rectum. In many casea, too, owing to 
involuntary restraint Irom modes^ in asscmbliea and at ban- 
quets, being filled it becomes distended; and, from the loss of ' 
its GontracUlc power, it no longer evacuates the urine. When, 
then, the urine is stopped, there is fulnccs of tlie parts above, 
namely, the kidneys; distension of the ureters, grievous pain 
of the loins, gpasins, tremblings, rigors, alienation of mind. 
But if it suffer from an ulcer or inflammaiion, there are, in- 
deed, many bad symptoms; but death from tlie ulcers is by 
fiir the moflt speedy. With regard, however, to the ulceration 
and purulent absc«ffi, and those other alTections which are not 
Yciy acute, thoy will be treated of among the chronic diseases; 
but such as are acute, and prove fatid in fourteen days, or a 
little earlier or later, sucli as inflammation, thrombus, or a 
ftonc falling down to tlie neck of the bladder, of these I will 
now treat. If, therefore, any of these occur, there is retention 



of urioe; awelling in tbe liypogaBtrio Kgion; acut« pain sU 
ovci the abdomen ; dietonaioa of the bladder; s sallow sweat 
on the tenth dfty ; vomitbgs of phlegm, then of bile; ooldnesa 
of the whole body, but especially of the feet; but, if the mis- 
chief Bprcnd iaitlkcr, there come on fevers attended with hiccup, 
pulse iiTcguUily frequent and smallt redueas of tho counto- 
iuiiic«, thirst, distica of mind, delirium, spasms. From dole- 
terious subctonocs, euch as cantharidcs and buprcsus, both the 
bladder is distended with flatus, and the whole belly suiTcrs 
violence; and all tilings get worse, and death cannot bo long 

Th« bladder also sometimes suffers from hemorrhage; the 
blood there is bright and thin, but the patients oevct die from 
it, although it may not bo easy to stop^ But from the dots 
and tho tnflaounation there ia danger; for the coldneM, morti* 
fication, gutgrene, and the other evils consequent upon it 
readily prove fatal. 

Winter and autumn bring on thcso diseases. As to age, 
manhood, but still more oM age. The other seasons and 
periods of life do not generally produce the dixcascs, and they 
very rarely prove &taL Of all others, in&nts are most free 
from danger. 



Is the middle of the flanks of women lies the womb, a lemale 
viaciis, closely resembling an animal; for it is moved of itself 
hither and thither in the flankf , also upwards in a direct line 
to below the cartilage of the thorax, and also obliquely to the 
right or to the lefl, either to the lirer or spleen; and it like- 
VIM is subject to pcoUpeua downwards, and, in a word, it ia 


kitogetlier erratic It delights, abo, in fragrant tmolls, aai 
Mdvknon towards them; and it lias an avcnion to fobd mtclls, 
and fl«eB (rom them ; and, on the whole, the wotnb u like an 
animal within an animal. 

When, therefore, it is suddenly carried upvr&nU, and] 
remains above for a ooDsiderable time, and violently compr 
the intestinea, the woman experiences a choking, after th« 
form of epilepay, but without oonvulsiona. For the liTcr, di*-, 
phragm, lungs and heart, are quickly squccucd within a nar>1 
row Bpaoe; and therefoto lose of breathing and of speech secmlf] 
to be present. And, moreover, the carotids aro coroprcRvd 
&om sympathy with the heart, and hcnc« there is heariniiH of 
bead, lots of scnribility, and dtt^ slorp. 

And in women thcro also arises another aSbction resembling 
this form, with sodbo of choking and loss of speech, hut not 
proceeding from the womb; for it also happens to men, in the 
manner oteatochiu. But those from tlie uterus are remedied 
by fetid smells, and th« application of fragrant things to the 
female parts ; but in the others these Uttngs do no good ; and 
the limbfi are moved about in lIig ufluction from the womb, 
but in the other affection not at alL Alorcover, voluntary and 
involuntary tremblings but from the ap- 
plication of a pessary to induce abortion, powerful congelation 
of the womb, the stoppgo of a copious hemorrliuge, and nich 

If, therefore, upon the womb's h«ng moved upwards, she 
begin to suffer, there is shiggishness in the performance of her 
olEces, prostration of strength, atony, loss of the Gtcultles of 
her knees, venigo, and the limbs sink under het; headache, 
heaviness of the head, and the woman is pained in the veins 
on each nde of the nose. 

But if they fall down they have heartburn in th« 

hypochondriac regions; flanks empty, where is the seat of the 
womb; pulse intermittent, irregular, and failing; strong seme 



of dtoking; Ion of speecb and of tcnnbility; re*i)intioD im- 
pen%ptible and indistinct ; a very sudden mad incretltble death, 
for Owy hiLvc nothing deadly in their appearance; in colour 
like tltut of life, and for a confiidorable time after death they 
are more ruddy thsn usual; eyee somewhat prominent, bright, 
not entirely fixed, but yet not very much turned a«dc. 

But if the ut«Tua be removed back to its seat before tlie 
adection come to a conclusioD, they escape the suffocation. 
Wiien the belly rumblon there ia niMstiuc about the female 
parts, respiration thicker and more distinct, a very speedy 
rourang up from the aJfection, in like manner as dvttth is rery 
laddcn; for as it readily ascends to the higher regions, so it 
readily recedes. For the uterus is buoyant, but the mem- 
bianea, its supporters, are humid, and the place is humid ia 
which t)ie ul«rriis lies ; ami, moreover, it 11cm from fetid 
things, and Kcks after sweet: wherefore it readily inclines to 
thia side and to that, like a log of wood, and floats upwards 
and downwards. For this reason the alTection occurs ia 
young women, but not in old. For in those in whom the 
Hge, mode of lite, and undersUnding b more mobile, tho 
uterus nlso is of a wandering nature; but tn those more ad- 
vanced in life, the age, mode of living, understanding, and 
the uterus arc of a stcfuly character. Wherefore this suffoca* 
tion from the womb accompanies females alone. 

But the afiectiona common to men happen also to the 
uterus, such as inflummation and hemorrhage, and they hava 
tho common symptoms; namely, fever, asphexy, coldness, le« 
of speech. But in hemorrhage the death is even more sudden, 
being like that of a slaughtered animal. 




The S&tjTs, ncrcd to Btodius, in Uie pointtnga and sutuea, 
Itaro the raemlwr erect, a» the symbol of the diYiae perfonn- 
ADdc. It u also a form of disease, in which the patient has 
erection of the genital o^n, the appclkbon of Satynaiii 
being d«rived &om its resembUnc« to the iigurc of the god. 

It is an unrcsUaioablc impulse to connection ; but neither 
aie they at all relieved by these embrac«St nor is the tcatigo 
soothed by many and repeated acts of sexual intercourse. 
Spasms of all the nerrea, and tenson of all the tendons, groin*, 
■ad perineum, ioflamraation and pain of the genital parts, rod* 
DOBS of ooontenaace, and a dewy moisture. Wrapped up in 
sitent sorrow, they arc stupid, as if grievously afflicted with 
their calamity. But if the aiToction orercome the patient's 
sense of duune, he will lose all restraint of tongue as regards 
obMcnity, and Itkcwiie all restraint in r^aixl to the open per- 
EormuKe of the act, being deranged in tiniU-Tstanding as to 
iodcoenoy; for they cannot restrain tbemBclves, are thirsty, 
and vomit much phlegm. Afterwards, froth settles on their 
lips, as ia tlie casQ with goats in the season of rutting, 
and the smell likewise is similar. The unnc, after long 
retention, is white, thick, and like semen; bowels constipated; 
spontaneous titillations of the ndca and arm-pits; they hav« 
convulsions, loathe food, or, if presented to them, they match 
it confusedly. 

But if the illncw tend to death, they become flatulent, belly 
protuberant, tenrion of the tendons and of all the muscles, 
difBculty of movement, contraction of the limbs, pulse small, 
weak, and irregular. 

AU these symptoms have been soinetiraes removed by 
copious discbarges from the bowels of phlegm and bile, and by 



vomiting in Uk« in«nacr, not without danger. The proper 
cure is (Uwp and very protncted sleep; for much sleep ioduccs 
coldn«9a, panJyns, and torpor of the nerves; and torpidity 
and refrigenttion cure SatyriasiB. 

The atTccUoii, for the most pnrt, is formed in spring and 
Buinmur. Of the periods of life, it occurs principal!/ in boy» 
and striplings, more ofjiecially in such us are naturally prone 
to scxumI intercourse. It is a most ucutc, di.Kgusting, and un- 
seemly ailment. For ttie most port, the patienlA die on tho 
Kventh day. It is said, that women also suSer irom this 
affection; that they have the same impulse to venery, and 
the other symptoms the same. I believe, indeed, that lust is 
engendered in women of a humid tompeiament, so as to in- 
duce a copious discharge of the suporfluous humours ; but I do 
not at all believe that they are affected nith Satyriasis, for their 
uature, being cold, Is not adapted to it. But neither, also, 
has woman tho parts necessary for oroction, like those of a 
Satyr, whence the aJfectioQ derives its name; and neither also 
are men subject to suSbcation from the womb, because mca 
have not an uterus. 








en IT. 

Trx Pkeface .... 


On Cbphalaa . 


Ok Vbbtiqo . 


Cm EpiLBrar 


On Melancholt 


On Mania 


On Paralysis , 


On Phthisis . 


On Pebbonb atfected wtfh EurvEMA 


Oh Abscessis of tqb Ldbos. 


On Abtbua .... 


On PsBUMonra. 


On AmcnoHB of thx Livzr 


On Affections of the Spleen 


On Jaundice . . , . . 


On Cachbxia . 

. . 


u a 









The Pbefacb .... 


On Cephalka . 


On Vkrtioo . 


Oh Epilefst . 


On Melahcbolt 


On Mania 


On Paraltbib . 


On Phthisih . 


On Pebbons atfected with Emi'Vbua 


Oh Abbcssbs or thi Lonob. 


On Abihua , , , . 


Oh PNEUuoDm. 


On ArTBOTioKB of the Liver 


On AmxrnoNB or the Spi.ekn 


On Jaundice . , . , , 


On Cachexia . 

* ■ > 


u 2 








Of clironic dieeawa the pain ia great, the period of wasting 
lung, and tlio recovery uncertain; for cither tliej' ore not difr 
polled at all, or the diaeaaes relapse upon any slight error; 
for ncithvT have the pattenta resolution to persevere to the 
end; or, If tliey do persevere, they commit hluiiilcrs in « 
prolonged regimen. And if there also be the Buffering from s 
painful aystem of cure,-~of thirst, of hunger, of bitter and 
faudi medicinee, of cutting or burning, — of all which there ia 
sometimes need in protracted diseases, the putients resile sa 
truly preferring even death itself. Hence, indeed, is developed 
the talent of the medical man, his perseverance, bis skill la 
diversifying the treatment, and conceding juch pleusant things 
as will do no hnnn, and in giving ciicoumgemcnt. But the 
patient also ought to be courageous, uml co-operate with the 
phyncinn against the di»-ase. For, talcing a firm grtutp of the 
■body, the disease not only wastes and corrodes it quickly, but 



frequcDtly disorders the senses, nay, even denngee the soul 
by ihe intemperament of the body. Such we know mania and 
melancholy to be, of which 1 v'M treat af\crwardB. At the 
prosent time I shall give an account o£ cephaiiea. 

CHAFfER !!. 


If the head be suddenly seiitcd with pain from a temporary 
cause, even if it should endure for several lUyj, the disease is 
called Cephnlalgitt. But if the disease be protracted fur a long 
time, and with long and fretjuent periods, or if greater and 
more untractjible symptoms Eupcrvenc, wc call it Ophabea. 

There are infinite varieties of it; for, in certain cases, the 
pain is incessant and slight, but not intermittent; but in 
otbeifl it returns pcriodtcully, us in quotidian fevers, or id 
those which have exacerbations every alternate day: in otliers 
it continues from sunset to noon, and then completely ceases; 
or from noon to crentng. or still furllier iuto night; this 
periwi is not muc)i protracted. And in certain cases the whole 
heitd is ]iainc<l; and the pain is sometimes on the right and 
■ometiinea on the left side, or tlie forehead, or the bregma; 
and these may all occur the same day in a random manner. 

But in certain cases, the parts on the right side, or those on 
the left solely, so fnr that a separate temple, or ear, or one 
eyebrow, or one eye, or the nose which divides tlie face into 
two equal parts; and the p&in does not pass this limit, bat 
remains in the half of the head. This is called Heteroerimia, 
an illness by no means mild, even though it intermits, and 
altliough it appears to be slight. For if at any time it set in 
acutely, it occasions unseemly and dreadful symptoms; apasm 



and distoRton of the count«o&nce take place; the cjroa either 
fixed intently like Iioms, or they are rolled mwai'dly to tliil 
side or to tliat; verti|;o, deep-seated pain o£ tlie eyes as fai as 
the moDinges; irrcetrainable sweat; sudden pain of the len- 
dons, as of one striking with a club; nausea; vomiting of 
bilious tnatlers; collapse of the patient; but, if the afiectioa 
bo protracted, the patient will die; or, if more slight and not 
deadly, it beoomea clironio; there is much torpor, heaviness of 
the head, anxiety, and auuii. For tliey ilce the light; the 
dnrkngss soothes their disease: nor can they bear readily to 
look upon or hoar anything agreeable; their eeose of emctl is 
vitiated, neither docs anything agreeable to smell delight 
ilii-m, and they have alw) an aversion to fvtid things: the 
patients, moreover, ore weary of lli'vi, and wish to die. 

The catifc of these symptoms is coldness with dryness. But 
if it be protracted and increase, as r^urds the pains, the ofico- 
tion becomes Verugo. 



Ir darkncs po^sces the eyes, and if the head be whirled round 
with dixzincss, and the ears ring aa from the sound of rivers 
rolling along with a great nuiM>, or like the wind when it 
roars among tliu taiU, or tike the cbng of pipes or leeds, or 
like the rattling of a carriage, we call the affection Scotoma 
(or Vertigo); a bad complaint indeed, if a symptom of the 
head, but bad likcwira if the sequela of cepliahca, or who- 
tlier it arU«s of itself as a chronic disease. For, if these 
symptoms do not pass oft', but the vertigo persist, or if, in 
course of time, from the want of any one to remedy, it is 



completed in iu own peculiar sj-inptonis, tlie afTeclioi) vertigo 
IB furmed, from a humid and cold cause. But if it turn to an 
incurable condition, it provea the oommenocment of other 
aSectiona — of mania, melancholy, or epilepsy, the symptoms 
peculiar to eacli being superadded. But the mode of vertigo 
ia, heavinees of tlic licad, sparklca of light in the eyes along 
with much darkness, ignorance of tbemBelves and of tbosc 
around; and, if tlie disease go on iocroaang, the limbs sink 
below them, and they crawl on the ground; ihcrc is nausea 
and vomilinga of phlegm, or of yellow or black bilious matter. 
When connected with yellow bile, mania is formed ; when 
with black, melancholy; when with phlegm, epilepsy; for it 
is UahU to convernon into all these diseases. 



EpILEPST is an illness of vanous shapes and horrible; in the 
paioxysms, brutish, very ocute, and deadly; for, at times, one 
paroxysm has proved fatal. Or if from liabit the patient can 
endure it, he lives, indeed, enduring shame, iffnominy, ami 
sorrow : and the disease docs not readily paee off, but fixes its 
abode during tlie better periods and in the lovely season of 
life It dwells with boys and young mm; and, by good 
fortune, it is sometimes driven out in another more advanced 
period of life, when it takes its dopnrtnrc nimig with the 
beauty of youth; and then, having rendered them deformed, 
it destroys certain youths from envy, as it were, of tlieir 
beauty, either by loss of tlie (^cuUica of a hand, or by the 
distortion of the countenance, or by the deprivation of some 
one sense. But if the mischief lurk there until it strike root, 



it will not y\(iA either to the pfaystciftn or the cbanj^ of age, 
80 ui to take its departure, but lives with the patient until 
death. And sometimes the disnue is rendered painful b; ita 
conrulsions and distortions of the limbs nnd of the face; and 
sometiincs it turns Uio mind distracted. The sight of a 
paroxysm is disagreeable, and its departure disgusting with 
gpontanooua evacuations of the urine and of the bowels. 

But also it is reckoned a dii^raceful form of disease; for it 
is supposed, that it is an infliction on persons who have sinned 
against the Bilooii: and lienoe some have called it the Sacred 
Duoase, and Uwt for more reasons than one, as from the 
greatness of the evil, for the Greek word Upm also ngoiJiea 
gnat', or because the cure of it is not human, but divine; or 
firom the opinion that it proceeded frotn the entrance of ft 
demon into the man: from some one, or all tliese causes 
together, it has been called Sacred. 

Such symptoms as accompany this disease in its acute form 
have been already detailed by me. But if it become invete- 
rate, the patients are not free from liarm even in the intervals, 
but are languid, spiritless, stupid, inhumun, unsociablej and 
not disposed to hold intcrcourve, nor to be sociable, at any 
period of life; sleepless, subject to many horrid drenma, with- 
out appetite, and with bad <ligei(tion; pale, of a leaden colour; 
slow to learn, from torpidity of the understanding and of the 
senses; dull of hearing; have noises and ringing in the head; 
utterance indistinct and bewildered, cither from the nature of 
the disease, or from the wounds during the attacks; the 
tongue is rolled about in the luouth convulsively in various 
ways. The disease also sometimes disturbs the understanding, 
so that the patient becomes altogether ktuous. The cause of 
these affections is coldness with humidity. 




Black bile, ir U mjike ita «ppeanne« ia mbIs dseaaM of |]i*J 
upper ports of the boily, is rtrj dftngsraiu; or, if it pua < 
duwnwards, it 19 not free from danger. But ui obronio 
diseases, if it pass downward, it terminates in dysentery snd 
pain of the ttver. But in women it serves as a purgation 
instead of the menses, prorided thejr are not otJierwise in a 
dangerous condition. But if it be determined upwards to the 
stomach and diaphragm, it forms melancholy; fi>r it produces 
flntulence and eructations of a fetid and fishy nature, and it 
sends rumbling wind downwards, and disturbs tbc undcrsund- 
ing. On tliin account, in former days, these were called 
meliincholics and flAtuIenl persons. And yet, in oertaio of 
these cases, tbore is neither lUtulcuce nor blnclc bile, but mere 
ftngcr and grief, and sad dpjccdon of mind; ajid these wcM 
called melancholies, because the terms bile (xo^h) and anger 
(_oprfjf) arc synonymous in import, and likevhe Uack {fiiXtumt), 
with muc/> (iroXKij) and fitriolu [dtipuu6t)i). Homet is authority 
fcr this when he says : — 

* Then striight to speak uprOBO 
The Atraiilnu ehiet, uho 'n6ath his snaj a wido-epreod empiro hdd : 
Son vexed was ha ; bis mighty heart in his dark boEom swelled 
With tage^ and from his eyes the lire liko li^tmiig-flashcfi brolu,'' 

The melaiicliolics become such when they are overpowered by 
this evil. 

It iaa lowncss of spirits from a single phantasy, without 

Tmm i' anVtq 

Hpsc AtpiiSiii iVjtvxvlaHi 'Ayofiiiuiair 

Jltad, L 101, eto. 



fisver; knd it appean to mc tliat nielanclioly is the coronifince- 
mcntand a piu'L of muita. For in those who am inud, llic un- 
dentanding ia turned soraelimes to anger and sometimes to 
joy, but in the melancholies to soTtow and despondency only. 
But they who are mad are to for the greater part of life, 
beoaming silly, and doing dreadful and dia^fraceful things; 
but those aSected with melandtoly are not every one of them 
affcoted according to one particular form; but thoy arc cither 
Bospicioua of poisoning, or See to the desert from minnlhropy, 
or turn superstitious, or contract a hatred of life. Or if at any 
time a relaxation takea place, in most cases hilarity supotrcncs, 
bnt these persons go mad. 

But how, and from what part* of the body, the moal of 
tlKac complaints originate, I will now explain. If the canae 
remain in the hypochondriac rc^ionst it ooUects about the 
diaphragm, and tbc bile paatea upwards, or downwards in caaoa 
of melancholy. But if it also airvcta the head from sympathy, 
and the abnormal irritability of temper change to laughter and 
joy for the grater part of their life, these become mad rather 
from tbc increase of the ditcavc tlian from change of the 

Dryness is the cause of both. Adult men, therefore, are 
aubjecl to mania and melancholy, or pvmons of less age thaa 
adults. ' Women are worse affected with mania than men. 
As to age, towards manhood, and those actually in the prime 
of life. The seasons of summer and of autumn engender, and 
spring brings it to a crtss. 

The chttiaeteristic appearances, then, are not obscure; for tho 
paUents are dull or stem, dejected or unreasonably torpid, 
without any manifest cause: such is the oomtnenoement of 
melancholy. And they also become peevish, dispuited, sleep- 
less, and start up from a disturbed sleep- 
Unreasonable feat also seizes them, if the disease tend to 
increase, when their dreams are true, terrifying, and dear: 



for whatever, when awake, they hare on aTersion to, as bdagj 
fta eril, rusliea upon tlieii viuons in deep. Tbcy are prone Ia 
fihango tb«ic mind readily; to become base, mean-spirited, 
iUiboral, and in » little time, perhaps, simple, extravagant, 
muiufioent, not from any virtue of the soul, but from the 
eh&ngefiblencea of the disease. But if the illnvsa become more 
urgent, hatred, avoidnnce of the haunta of men, vain lamenta- 
tions; they complain of life, and desire to die. In many, the 
understanding so leads to insensibility and fatuousness, that 
tlitiy become ignorant of all things, or forgetful of themsolvo, 
and live the life of the inferior animals. The habit of the 
body also becomes perverted; colour, a darkish^green, unless 
the bile do not pass downward, but is dilTuscd with the 
blood over the whole system. They arc voraciuuS) indeed, 
yet emaciated; for in them deep does not brace their limbe 
cither by what they have eaten or drunk, but watclifulness 
diffuses and determines them outwardly. Therefore the bowcU 
ftro dried up, and discharge nothing; or, if they do, the dcjco- 
tions arc dried, round, with a black and bilious fluid, in which 
they float; urine scanty, acrid, tinged with bile. They arc 
flatulent about tlie hypiKhoiidriac region; the eructations 
feUd, virulent, like brine from salt; and sometimes an acrid 
fluid, mixed with bile, floata iu the stomach. Pulse for the 
moat part small, torpid, feeble, dense, like that from cold. 

A atory is toUl, that a certain person, incurably affected, fell 
in love with a girl; and wlien tlie physicians could bring him 
no relief, love cured him. But I think that he was originally i 
in love, and that he was dejected and spiritless from being i 
unsuccessful witlt the girl, and appeared to the common' 
people to be melancholic. lie then did not know that it was 
love; but when be im]>arted the love to the girl, lie CMiscd 
from his dejection, and dispelled his passion and sorrow; and 
with joy he awoke from his lownoss of spirits, and be became 
.restored to understanding, love being his physician. 





Thk mixlcs of mania ktc infinite in tpccice, but one alone io 
genus. For it ia altogctbcr a clironic dcnngcmcnt of the 
uiind, without fcrer. For if fever at any timo should come 
ou, it vrould not owe its peculiarity to the mania, but to some 
other iaeident. Tlius wine inflames to delirium in drunken- 
ncca; and certain edibles, mioh bb mandmgore and bjoecyamus, 
induce madne» : but tlicte aSectioos are ncTcr called awnia; 
for, springing from n temporary caoM, they quickly mbnde, 
but madness liaa something confirmed in it. To this mania 
there is no resemblance in the dotage which is the calami^ of 
old Bge, for it is a torpor of the senses, and a stupefaction of 
the gnostic and intellectual faculties by coldneae of the syelem. 
But mania b something hoi and dry in causci and tumidtuous 
in its acts. And, indeed, dotage commencing witli old age 
never intermits, but accompanies the patient until dcntli; 
while mania intermits, and with care ceases altogether. Aud 
there may be an imperfect intermission, if it t&kc place in 
mania when the evil is not thoroughly cured by medicine, or 
is connected witli tlie temperature of the season. For in cer- 
tain persons who seemed to be freed from the complniot, eitlicr 
tlic season of spring, or some error in diet, or some incidental 
beat of posuon, has brought on a rcUpee. 

Those prone to the disease, arc such us are naturally passion* 
ate, irritable, of active habita, of an easy disposition, joyous, 
puerile; likewise those whose disposition inclines to the oppo- 
site condition, namely, such as are sluggish, sorrowful, slow 
to loarn, but patient in labour, and who when they learn 
anything, soon fo^t it; those likewise are more prone to 
melancholy, who have formerly been in a mad condition. But 
in those periods of life with which much beat and blood are 



associtted, persons arc moat giren to maaia, natneljr, tlioee 
nbout puberty, young men, and such as posscn gcncnl 
vigour. Hut iliose in whom the lieat is enkindled by bUcIc 
bile, and whoi^c form of consdtution la inclined to dryncntf 
most readily pass into a state of melancholy. The diet which 
disposes to it is sssociatod with voracity, immoderate n-]>lction, 
dninkenDUSB, lechery, venereal dcairee. Women also tomvtimcs 
become aiTected with mania from want of purj^ntion of the 
system, when the uterua has attained the tluviOopmcnt of 
manhood; but the others do not readily full into mania, yet, 
if they do, their cases are difficult to mansge. Thette sru the 
flauaeB; and they stir up the disease also, if from any cause 
•n ■ecuttomed evacuation of blood, oi of bile, or of sweKliag < 

And they with whose madness joy b associated, laugh, play, 
dance nighi and day, and Eometimes go openly to the raaifcet 
crowned, as if Wctors in some contest of skill; Uita form is 
inoficnaive to those around. Others have madness attended 
with anger; and these somcUmcs rend their clothes and kill 
their keepcra, and lay violent hands upon themselves. ITiii 
miserablo form of disenso is not imattcnded with danger to 
thow around. But the modes are infinite in those who aro 
ingenious and docile,— untaught astronomy, spoRtaoeous phiJo- 
K^ky, poetry truly from tlic muses; for docility has its good 
ftdnmtages even in diseases. In the uneducated, the commoa 
employments arc the carrying of loads, and working at day, — 
they are artificers or masons. They arc also given to extraor- 
dinary pbantaaics; for one is afraid of the (all of the oil- 
tenets ..... and another will not drink, as lancying liimself 
a brick, and fearing lest he sliould be dissolved by the liquid. 

This story also is told: — A certain joiner was a skilful 
artisan while in the house, would measure, chop, piano, mortice, 
and a<yust wood, and finish the work of tlie house correctly; 
would associate with the workmen, make a bargain with them. 



and lemunerate th«ir work with suitable pay. While od the 
spot where the work was pcrTormed, he thus poaseased Kb 
undontDDding. Bat if at any time he went away to the 
market, the hath, or on any other eBgagement^ having liud 
down his tools, he would Gist groan, then abmg hia ahouldurs 
aa lie went oaU But when he had got out of ught of the do- 
mcttics, or of the work and the place where it was performed, 
he became completely mad ; yet if he returned speedily he re- 
covered his reason again; such a bond of connection was thenj 
between the locality and his understanding. 

The cause of the diseas: is seated in the head and bypochon- 
driuc region, sometimes commencing in both together, and the 
one imparting it to the other. In mania and melancholy, 
the main cause is seated in the bowels, as in phrenitis H it 
moMly seated in tlie head and tlic tenses. For in these the 
•eosee are perverted, so that tlicy s<,-e things not preticiit us if 
they were present, and objects which do not appear to others, 
monircst tltemselves to them; whereas persona who are mad 
see only a» othors see, but do not fonn a correct judgment 
on what they have seen. 

If, therefore, the illncas be great, they are of a changeable tem- 
per, their senses are acute, they are suspicious, irritublc without 
any cause, and unreasonably desponding when the disease 
ten<U to gloom ; but wlieii to cheerfulueaa, they are in excellent 
^irits; yet they are unusually given to iosomnolency ; both are 
changeable in countenance, have headache, or else heaviness 
of the head; they are sharp in hearing, but very slow in 
judgment; for in certain cases there are noises of the ears, 
and ringings like those of trumpets and pipes. But if the 
disease go on to increase^ they are flatulent, affected with 
nausea, voracious and greedy in taking food, for they are 
U watchful, and watchftdness induces gluttony. Yet they are 

R not emaciated like persons in disease {emionjKint is rather 

I the condition of melancholies) and they arc somewhat pale. 



But if any of the viscera get into a eUtc of inflmnmation, it 
blunts the appetite and digestion ; the eye* arc hollow, and do 
not wink; before the eyes arc images of an axtircor <.lsrk colour 
in thoac who arc turning to mcltmclxily, but of a redder 
colour when they are turning to mania, along ivit)i purple- 
coloured phanlasmata, in many cascB as if of fla»hiug fire; 
and terror seirxs tlieui aa if from a thunderbolt. In other 
catcs the cyoa are red and blood-shot. 

At the licight of the disease they have impure dreams, and 
inesistjble desire of venery, without any shame and restraint 
as to sexual intercourse; and if roused to angor by admoniuoii 
or icstntint, thoy become wholly mad. Wbereiore they are 
affected with madness in various shapes j some run along 
tmrestraincdly, and, not knowing how, return again to the 
samcspot; some, afWr a long time, como back to their rehttaTcs; 
others roar aloud, bewailing themselves as if they had ex- 
perienced robbery or riolenoe. Some flee the haunts of men, 
and going to tlio wilderness, live by themselves. 

If they should attain any rclaicaiion of the evil, ihey become 
torpid, dull, sorrowful; for having come to a knowledge of 
the disease they are taddened with their own calamity. 


Some cut their limbs in a holy phantasy, as if thereby pro- 
pitiating peculiar divinities. This is a madness of tlio appre- 
hension solely i (or in other respects they are sane. They arc 
roused by the flute, and inirtli, or by drinking, or by tho 
sdroomtion of those around them. Tliis madness is of divine 
origin, and if they recover from the madness, tliey arc checr-J 
fill and free of care, as if initiated to the god; but yet they- 
are pale ami attenuated, and long remain weak from Uic pains 
of the wounds.' 

' Our author, lu Petit teiuiii^ particular, Lb» Alyi oT Catullus, 
cvidcntlj- refers here to tlta wo^ and ApuJutUi^ viii. 
sliip ot CybeU ; on which imw in 





ApepUxy, Parapiet/ia, Paresit, Paralytit, are all gcnoiically the 
SMoe. For they are all a de^t of motion, or of touch, or 
of botli; sometimes also of understanding, and somedmee of 
otlict sense. But apoplexy is a paralysis of the whole body, 
of sensation, of understanding and of motion; wherefore to 
get rid of a strong attack of apoplexy is impossible, and of « 
weak, not easy. But paraplegia is a remission of touch and mo- 
tion, but of a part, either of the hand ot of the leg. Paralyma 
for the most port is the remission {partsia) of motion only, and 
of energy.' But if the touch alone ix wonting — (hut such a 
caae is rare) — the disease is called AnBsthcna nther than paresis. 
And when Hippocrates fays, " the li^ on the tame aide was 
apoplectic," he means to say that it waa in a death-like, useless, 
and incurable rtatcj for what is strong apoplexy in the whole 
body, that he cnlts ptiraplcgia in the limb. Pareas, properly 
i^pCftking, is applied to suppression or incontinence of urine in 
the bladder. But distortion of the eye-brows, and of the 
ehecks, and of the muscles about the jaws and chin to the 
other side, if attended with Hpasm, has got the appellation of 
Cynic spasm. I^^ of tone in the Icnecs, and of sensibility 
for a ^mv, willt torpor, fainting, and collapse^ we call lipo' 

Wherefore, the parts are sometimes paralysed wngly, «s one 
eye-brow, or a 6nger, or still Urgcr, a hand, or a le^; and 
sometimes more together; and sometimes the right or Uic left 

' It is difficult to, find an apiiri>- 
priate word oitbor in the Latin or 
English for the term na^inii. It 
would seem to be jwrticukrljr ap~ 
fliod to " a partial ia«" sillier of 

sensibility or of motion. AIoi- 
audcr, however, makes littlo or no 
disliuetion between It and panly- 




only, or eacb by itseir, or all to^tlter, dther entirely or in a 
lees d^fiee ; and ihe parts only wliich are distant, bomoaymoiu. 
and in paun — the eyes, Huids, and legs ; and aUo the parts 
which cohere, as the noso on one side, the tongue to tho 
middle line of Ecpuration, and tho one too^l, tho ixthmiiM 
laucium, and the parts concerned in deglutition to one half. 
[ iitncy, also, that sometimes tho stomach, the bladder, and the 
rectum, u Alt OS its extremity, sulTers tn like manner; but the 
internal part*, when in a paralytic Gtato, arc concealed from the 
sight. Their fuacUons, however, arc but lialf [wrformcd; and 
from thij I conclude, that these parts arc half afTcclvd, as being 
cut in twain by the diacase. Andj indeed, this thing tcaelies 
US a leoon in respect to the diversity of power and discrimt- 
nation between the right side and the Icfk. For tlie inlierent 
csuso is equal; and means which occasion the affection arc 
common in both cases, whether cold or indigestion, and yet 
both do not sud'cr equnlly. For Nature is of equal power in 
tliat which is equally paired ; but it is impossible that tho same 
tiling shciulcl happen where tliere is an inequality. If, therefore, 
the commence men t of the alTcction ho below the head, such as 
tho membrane of the spinal marrow, the parts which aro 
homonymous and connected with it are paralysed : the right oa 
the right siilc, and the left on the left side But if the head 
be primarily affected on tlic right ndc, the left Hide of the body 
will be paralysed; and tlieright, ifonthc Icfiside. lltcoause 
of this is the interchange in the origins of tlie ncivcs, for tbcy 
do not piiss along on the same side, the right on the right ndc, 
until tlicir torminBliuiis ; but each of them passes over to tho 
other side from tliat of its oiigio, decussating each other in the 
form of the letter X. To say all at once, whether all together 

or scpantte parts be afiected with paralyas or of both; 

sometimes the nerves from the head suffer (these, generally, 
induce loss of sensibility, but, in a word, they do not readily 
oocanoa loss of svnubility; but if they sympathise with the 



puis which are moved, tbej may undergo, in a small degree, 
the loea of motion); and eomctiinos those which pan from 
minole to mttscle {from the ^/utl marrow to the muscles),^ thceo 
have the power of motion, and impart it to those &om the 
head; ibi the Ulter poswaa the greater part of their motory 
power from thom, hut yet have it, to a small extent, of them- 
selves: the former, too, principally Buffer lose of motion, but 
rarely of themselves experieno; annstltcsia ; indeed, as appeara 
to me, not at alL And if the ligaments of Dcrvce, which 
derive their origin from certain of the bones, and terminate in 
others, be loosened or torn, the parts become powerless, and 
arc impeded in their movements, but do not become insensible.* 
The varictica of pjiralysis arc the*e; sometimes the limbs 
lose tlieir Gicnitics while in & state ofcxtenslon, norcan ttieybe 
brought back into the stntc of flexion, when they appear very 
much lengthened; and sometimes they arc flexed and cannot 
be extended; or if forcibly extended, I'dcc n piece of wood on 
a rule, they become shorter than natural. Tho pupil of tho 
eye is subject to both these varieties, for sometimes it is much 
expanded in magnitude, when we call it Platycoria; but (ho 
pupil is also contracted to a small me, when I call it Pktfati* 
and Mydriatia. Hie bladder, also, ia paralysed in respect to 
its peculiar fiinctions; for cither it loses its powers as rcgania 
distension, or it loses its r);tentivc powers, or it becomes con> 
ttacted in itself, when being tilled with urine, it cannot expel 
the same. There are six causes of panlytiv disorders; for they 
arise from a wound, a blow, exposure to cold, indigestion, 
Tcneiy, intoxication. But so likewise the vehement affections 
of tho soul, such us n«tonishmcnt, fear, dejection of apirits, and, 
io children, frights. Great and unexpected joy has also occa- 

* See the note oQ the text. 

■ It will reaiJilv be utuUntood 
tliat our nuthiTT hor« rofonrto the 
lit^iuents pro|ior of tho joinla. 


On this USD of tbo term "Kervo," 
»Mi IIippocnit«n "On tliu artieu- 



^oned parat^-sis, as, likewise, unrcstramod laughter, even unto 
death. These, indeed, are the primary c.tuK-s; but the ulti- 
mate and vital cause is refrigeration of the innate hntt. It 
suSi^rs from humidity, or dryness, and is more incurable llian 
tlio other; but if aiiso in connoction with a wound, and com- 
plete cutting asunder of a nerve, it is incurable. In respect to 
age, the old arc peculiarly subject, and tllflicull to cure; in 
children, the csises are easily rvfltorcd. As lo seasons, the 
winter; next, the spring; ufWrwai-ds, the autumn ; least of all* 
the summer. Of habits, those naturutly gross, tlie humid, 
indolent, brutish. 

When the affccrions arc confirmed, they arc made manifost 
by loBs of motion, insensibility of heat and cold; and also of 
plucking the hair, of tickling, and of touching. It is ran 
indeed when in them the extremities arc painful; but inscnsi'* 
bility to pain is not worse as regards recovery. Wherefore 
the disease occurs suddenly; but if at any time it have pro- 
longed onsets, there supervene heaviness, difficulty of mouon, 
torpor, a sensation of cold, sometimes an excess of iieat, 
ehort sleep!, givnt«r phantasies, when they become suddenly 

But in the Cynic spasm, it u Dot usual for all ports of the 
face to be cramped; but those of the left ride arc turned to 
ihe right, and those of the right to the left, when there is a 
considerable distortion of the jaw to this side or to tliat, as if 
the jawbone were dislocated. And in certain of these oaaea^ 
also, tJicre is luxation at tlie joint, when in yawning the jaw it 
displaced to the opposite side : BtmbLsmus of the alTocted eye, 
and palpitation in the under eyelid; the upi>er eyelid also pal- 
pitates, som<;tIiiics along with tlie eye, and at other timc4 alone. 
The lips are diatended, cnch on its own side; but sometimes ' 
both being collapsed, they spUitter; in others, they arc closely 
compressed, and are suddenly scparalcd so as to expel the 
common spittle with a noise 



The toiiga«, also, is drawn onde; for it consists of a muKlo 
and ncnrcs, and at certain times, along its whole extent, it 
BtArt3 ap to the pnlato, and makes an unusual sound. I1ie 
uvula, also, is drawn aside; and if the mouth is shut, there is 
an unexjwctcd noise within. And if you separate the mouth, 
^u will |>erccive the uruU sometimes atttichcd to the palata 
through its whole sur&ce, and sometimes swiftly palpttaUng 
with force, like a bog-Gsh, when likewite a sound is produced. 
But there ij apt to be deception in cynic spasms; ior to the spec- 
tator tt appcarfl as If the parts unniTecled were those posessed 
by the disease; for owing to the tension and colour of the 
affected parts, and the enlargement of the eye, thoy appear us 
if ihcy were diseased. But in laughter, speaking, or winking, 
the true state of matters becomes manifest; for the parts af- 
fected are all drawn aside with a smack; the tip expresses no 
smile, and is motionless in talking; the eyelid is immovi-ahle, 
die eye fixed, and the sense of touch is lost; while the sound 
parts ^eak, wink, feel, laugh. 


ON rDTniets. 

Ip an ulcer form in the Itings from an abseeae, or trom a 
chronic cough, or fi-om the rejection of blood, and if the 
patient spit up pus, the disease is called Pt/e and PhlhisU. But 
if mutter form in the chest or side, or be brought up by the 
lungs, the nnnic is Empyema. But if, in addition to those 
symptoms, the lungs contract an iilcer, being corroded by the 
pus passing through it, the diseuse no longer gets the name of 
empyema, but tokes that of P/it/ioc instead of iu It is aecom- 
panicd with febrile heat of a continual character, but latent 



oca^ng, indeed, at bo time, but concealed during the day by 
the Bwc&ting and coldnc^ of the body; for the chaTnctciisttc* 
of phtboe arc, that a febrile bent is lighted up, which breaks 
out at ntgbt, but during the day again lies concealed in tbo 
viscera, as is manifested by the ancnsin«as, loss of strength, 
and colliquative wuting. For had the febrile beat IcH tho , 
body during the day, bow should not the patient hare ncqiiirvd'^ 
ilcsb, strength, and comfortable feeling? For when it retire* 
inwardly, the bad symptoma arc all still further cxnccrbaKKl, 
the pulse small and feeble; insomnolency, paleners, and all the 
otiier symptoms of per«ons in fever. The Taricties of the 
spuU arc numerous: livid, block, streaked, yellowish- white, or 
wh it i*h -green ; broad, rouml; hard, or glutinous; rare, or dif- 
ilucnt; devoid of Euiell, fetid, llierc arc all these varieties of 
piu. But those who test the fluids, cither with Rre or water, 
would appear to tnc not to be ncquninted with phthoe-^ for the 
sight is more to be trusted than any other sense, not only withj 
regard to the sputa, but also respecting the form of the discon^l 
For if one of the common peo[ilG see a man pale, weak, 
affected with congh, and emaciated, he truly augun that it 19 
pkthoe (consiimption). But in those who have no ulcvr in the 
lungs, but are wasted with chronic fevers — with fre<]uent, bard, 
and ineffectual coughing, and bringing up nothing, these, also, 
ore called consumptive, and not without reason. There is pre- 
sent weight in tbo chest (for the lunga are insensible of pain), 
— anxiety, discomfort, loss of appetiie; in the evening coldness, 
and heat towards morning; sweat more intolerable than the 
heat as far as the chest; expectoration varied, as I have 

Voice hoano; neck slightly bent, tender, not flexible, 

' Our author would appear io 
alluda hara to oertaiu paaxagea in 
tho pwniIo~l!i[>pocnitio trcatisea, 
wherein th«oo teats of pua are ro- 

comm«ideil. Sm de Morbli^ 
47, t. vii. p. 78, ed. LittrtS ; 
pnnnoL rt alibi. See aloo Ihiulns"' 
J^iueto, t. i. U^ tA/c, Syd-Soc. edit. 



■omewhat extended ; fingera (lender, but joints thick; of th« 
bones alone t]ie figure renuiu, for tite llesliy parts ore wasted; 
(lie iiaQs of the lingers crooked, their pulju are slirivelled and 
flat, for, owing to the teas of flcah, they neither retain their 
tension nor rotundity; and, owing to the samo cause, the nails 
are bent, namely, because it b the compact fiesh at their 
pointa which is intended as a support to tliem; and the tension 
thereof is like that of the solids. Nose sharp, slender; checks 
prominent and red; eyes hollow, brilliant and glitteiing; 
swollen, pale, or livid in the countenance; tlie slender parts 
of tho jaws rc«t on tho teeth, as if smiling; otherwise of a 
cndaTcrous a«pect. So also id all other respects; slender, 
without llesli; the muscles of the arms imperceptible; not a 
veelige of the mammgc, the nippies only to be seen; one may 
not only count the ribs themselves, but also easily trace them to 
tJieir terminations; for even the articulations at the verlebneara 
quitevisibic; and their connections with ilie sternum are also 
manilest; tlie intercostal spaces are hollow and rhomboida), 
agreeably to the ooDfiguratios of the bone; hypochondriao 
region lank and retracted ; the abdomen and Hanks oontigiious 
to the fpine. J<Mata clearly developed, prominent, devoid of 
flesh, so also with the tibia, ischium, and humerus; the tpino 
of tlio vortebne, formerly hollow, now protrudes, the mus- 
cle* on either side being wasted; the wiiole shouldci-bladcs 
apparent like the wings of blrdsL If in tlicac cases disorder 
of tJie bowels supervene, they aro in a hopeless stale. But, if 
a favoiimblc change take place, symptoms the opponto of 
those fatal ones occur. 

The old seldom suffer from this disease, but very rarely 
recover from it; tho young, until manhood, become phthisical 
from spitting of blood, and do recover, indeed, but not 
readily; children continue to cough even until the cough 
pass into phlMot, and yet readily recover. The habits most 
prone to the diMSSC are the slender; those in which the sea- 



pale protrude like ruldingduon, or like irtngt; intliosc vliiel 
have prominent tKnnts; bikI those which arc pate and hiiv« . 
narrow chests. As U> eituations, those which arc cold and 
humid, as being akin to the nature of the disease 



Those persons in whose cavities above, along the region of 
the cheM, or, in those bolow the diaphragm, abscesses of mat- 
ter form, if ihcy bring it up, they arc nid to be sITectcd with 
Empyema; bat if tlie matter pass downwards, they are said 
to labour under Apniitcmcs. And in the ulcers in the chest, 
or iu thc,lung3, if phlkoe supervene, or in the pleura, or the 
sternum, or anywhere below at the junction of the lungs with 
the spine — in all these carcs the passage for the matter 
upwards is by the lungs. But in the viscera below the dia- 
phragm, the liver, spleen, and kidneys, it b by the bladder; 
and in women by the womb. And I once made an opening 
into an abscess in the colon on the right nde near the liver, 
and much pus ruabed out, and much also piuscd by tlie 
kidneys and bladder for Beveral days, and th« man re- 

The common causes of all are a blow, indigestion, eold i 
the like. Of those in the chert also, chronic cough, pleuritta, 
peripnciiniony, and protracted delluxion; but also the deter- 
mination of some acute diseases to any one of them. 

The humour is sometimes inert, weak, and rests on 
somotliing else; aomctimea bilingly acrid, and occasioning 
putrefactions even unto death. And there are many other 
vatietie*, as I shall presently declare. It is a wonder how 



from a thin, slendor noembmne, having no depth, like thitt 
■which linM the cheat, so much piu should flow; for in many 
o>9C9 there ii a great collection, lite cnusc ia an ioflamma* 
tioB from rcdundsncy of blood, bjr which the membrane ia 
thickened; but from much blood much pus is formed latcr- 
medintcly. But if it be detenniood inwards, the ribs being 

the bonca in this region. I have said above, that 

another species of pHtfam would naturally occur. But if it 
point outwards, the bones are aeparated, for tlic top of the 
abscess is ntlscd in one of the tntorcoetul spaces, when the ribs 
are puehed to this side or to that. 

There arc certain symptoms common to all, and certain ones 
peculiar to each. A heaviness rather than pain is a common 
aymptom (for the lungs arxi inacnnblc), weak fevers, rigor 
towards evening, sweiits in the remission, insomaoleocy, 
swellings in the extremities of the feet, and lingers of the 
hands, which at one time abate and at another increase; 
imcomfortablc feeling; loss of appetite; wasting of tlic whole 
faodj; and if the change be prolonged, the phlhii>ical habit 
ia formed; for N'ature can no longer pciform her oflice, for 
the digestion is not as before, nor is there the plump habit of 
body; the colour dark; respiration in all cases bad, but worse 
in those aflocting the upper cavity; but also congh at first 
as long aa the inilanimntion is urgent, when the pains also ere 
greater, and rigor, and heat, and watchfulness, and dyspntea 
stilt more; pulse small, sluggish, feeble; they are disordered 
in the intellect; distension of the thorax. 

But if it be already come to the formatioD of pus, all tfae 
tlie greatest symptoms take pkce. Expectoration small with 
greater cough, and from an urgent abscess, at Grst of pituitous 
matters, tinged with bile of a darker colour as if from soot, 
but likewise tinged with blood, and thick; but if about to 
burst, of fleshy and deep-seated matter. And, if it burst, 
there b danger of sufl'ocatioa should much pus be suddenly 



poured forth; but if gradiully, there i* no danger. If then 
the pus 13 going to pass downwarda, ttie upper psit, vhcre 
t)i« abeoGss ia situated, expericncea sharp pain; discharges &odi 
the bowels iluid, at first waleiy with phl^m, aiterwanls 
bloodj matter; and then again, substances rcscmbting ficdi 
floatiag in a Huid, if it has already burst. Pus fbllowa then 
either by the bowels or the urine. Metastasis to the kidneyi 
and bladder peculiarly favourable. 

The pus, whether it be carried upwards or downwards, ia 
of Tarioos colours— pale, white, ash-coloured, or livid, black 
sad fetid; or devoid of smoU and Tery thidc; or interme- 
diate; or smooth and consistent; or rough and uoequal, with 
fleflfay RibstADccs floating in it, these being round oi broad, 
readily separated or viKtd. To say all in a word respecting 
the pitR, such kioda as are white, coacocted, devoid of smell, 
smooth, rounded, and arc quickly coughed up, or pass dov 
wards, are of a salutary character; but such as are Tery pale^' 
bilious, and incowostcnt, are bad. Of thess by far the 
worrt are the livid and black, for they indicate putre&cdon 
and pliagcdenic ulcers. 

Along with these things, it will be proper to know also the 
habit and other concomitaQla of the disease. ]f at tlte time 
of the discharge, he feds comfortable, and geta rid of the 
fever; has good digestion, good colour, and a good appetitn^j 
if he coughs up readily, has a good pulse, and good strength; i 
the patient ia free from danger. But if ferer supervene, 
and all the other symptoms turn worse, he is in a hopclesa 
state. One ought also to consider the places in which the 
abscesses arc seated. For where the matter forms in the ster- 
num, it is slowly turned to a suppuration; for the parta are 
slender, devoid of flesh and cartilaginous; and such parts do 
not readily receive the superfluities of inflammation, but 
remain a long time witliout being formed into pus; for car^ 
tilage is of a cold nature, but the inflammations thereof are 



innocuoiu. The wasting of the oonstitutioa U bad; for the 
tnppontion lasts a long time; the spleen, tlie liver, the lungs, 
and diaphragm pass more tjuickly into stippuniUon, l>ut they 
arc dangerous and fatal. 



Whbn, in casoa of peripneumonia, the patients smrivc, though 
the inflnmmallon be not discussed, those who escape tlie acute 
stage of the aSection liare suppurations. The symptoms, then, 
of an incipient and of a formed abscess Iiave been stated by 
mc under lilmpj'eina. If formed, then, there is no necessity for 
the same harsh measures and puins to procure tli<: rupture and 
discharge of it as in the solid parts of the body, as it is readily 
brought up; for the distension of its pores is requirod rather 
than of the mlid texture of ita parts; fur tlie lungs being a 
poTooa body and full of perforations like a sponge, it ia aot 
injured by tlic humour, but tmnxmits it from pore to poie, 
until it reach the tmchca. Thus the fluid finds a ready outlet, 
the puit being a flexible and slippery substance, and tlie respi- 
ration blows the bre&tli (pneuma) upwards. For the most part 
they recover, unless at any time one be suSbcated by the 
copious influx of tlio fluid, when, owing to the quantity of the 
pus, the trachea does not admit the air. Others die a pro- 
tracted death, a^ the manner of those labouring under 
pht^tii and rmpt/ema. The pus is white and frothy, being 
nixed with saliva, but sometimes aah-coloured or blackish. 
And sometimes one of the bronchia has been spit up in a case 
of large ulceration, if the abscess is deep, when portions of the 



viscus are also brottght up- Hoarec, breathing ahort, Totor 
heavy-toned, their chest becomes broad, and yet tbej stand in 
n«ed of iu being still broa<lcr, nwing to the collection of fluid; 
the dark parts of the eyes glancing, the whites are verjr white 
and tatty; chceVs ruddy; veins in itie forehead protuberant. 
There is a innrvel in connection with tbeae oases, how the 
strcngtli is gri»tcr thiin the condition of the body, and the 
buoyancy of spirits surpasses the strength. 



If {n>m running, gjinnastic exercises, or any other work, the 
breulhing bccomo difGcull, it is called Aalhma (AaBfia); and 
the disease Oiihopiu^a [ipOoinoia) is also called Asthma, for in 
the pnroxyBnis the patients also pant for breath. Tlic duwaM 
is called Orthopnaa, because it is only when in an erect position 
ifipSl^ a^iuiri.) that they breathe freely ; for when reclined 
there b a sense of suiTocation. I''rom the confinement in tlie 
brejthing, the name Orlhopnaa is derirod. For tlie patient 
sits erect on account of the bicatbing; and, if lecliued, there is 
danger of being suffocated. 

The lungs auficr, and tho parts which ataist in respiration, 
namely the diaphmgm and thorax, sympathise with Uieni. 
But if the heart bo affcct«d, the patient could not stand out 
long, for in it is the origin of respiration and of life. 

The cause is s coldnos and humidity of the spirit {pnevma); 
but Llicnut/CTM/isa thick and Tiseid humour. Women arc more 
subject to the disease than men, becnusc they are humid and 
cold. Children recover more readily than these, for nature Id 



the inorciue ix very powerful to heat. Men, if they do not 
tmdjij txiSiiT (torn ilic diaensC) die of it more •pcedily. 'I'lieTQ 
is ■ poMpoaement of dcAtli to tbo6e in whom the lungs an 
w&nned and heated in the exercise of their tiude, liom 
bnng wrapped in wool, such as the workers in gypsuiUj or 
bnnicrs, or blacksmiths, or tlie healers of bath& 

The Bymploms of its approach are iicaviness of the chest; 
sluggishness to one's accustomed work, and to every other 
exertion; difficulty of brcnthiog in ruaning or on a steep 
road; they are hoarse and troubled with cough; flatulcnoo 
and extraordinary evncuations in the hyi>ochondriae region; 
restlc»nc«s; hent at night small and imperceptible; no66 sharp 
and ready fur respiration. 

Bat if the evil gradually gel worse, the cheeks are ruddy; 
cyea protuberant, as if from stnLogulation ; a rdU during the 
waking state, but llie evil much worse in slcefi; voice liquid 
and without resonance; a denre of much and of cold air; 
they eagerly go into tlie open air, since no house ■uffiocth for 
their respiration; they breathe stiuiding, ns if desiring to draw 
in all the air which they possibly can inhale; and, in their 
want of air, they also open the nioutli as if thus to enjoy the 
more of it; p&lc in the countenance, except the chocks, which 
are ruddy; sweat about the forehead and claTiclcx; cough 
inoeostuit and laborious; cx[>cctoratioD small, thin, cold, resem> 
bling the cfllorcKcnce of foam; neck swells with the inflation 
of the bTcath {pneuma); the prnxordia retracted; pulee small, 
dense, uomprcewd; legs slender: and if these symptoms in- 
crease, they sometimes produce suiFocation, after the fono of 

Bui if it takes a favooiablo turn, cough more protracted 
and rarer; a more copious expectoration of more fluid matters; 
discharges frotn the bowels plentiful and watery; secretion of 
urine copious, although tmutlendcd with sediment; vcnoe 
louder; sleep suilicieut; rckxation of tlie prteconiia; sometimes 




* p&in comefl into the back during Uie Kmbsion; pmntinj^, 
rare, »o[^ hoarse. Thus they ocApe a fuul tcrminatioa. Bui 
during the rcmiwoni, allliaugli they taiiy wulk ftWut erect, 
thcjr bcJii the traces of th« sUt-cUoii. 



Pnbdhodes is ft species of osthina; uimI the nOV-ction is con- 
Dectcd witli the lung» as is the case in atthnui. The attvaduit 
BymptotDs arc common, and there is hut little diUcrcnoe; for 
djF^paoea, cough, iasomnolcmcy, and heat arc common tym^ 
tons, fts also losa of appetite and general emaciation. Hore- 
over, the disease is protracted for a time, yet not longer than 
one year; for, if th« autumn begin it, the patients die in 
tlio spring or in the summer i or if tho winter, they terminate 
th^r life towards the autumn. Old persona also arc at certain 
times readily seized; and being seized witH rigors, it require* 
but « slight inclination of the scale to lay them on the bed of 
death. AU labour in particular under want of breath; pulse 
small, frequent, feeble. But these symptoms are also oommoo 
to asthma; they have this as peculiar; they cough as if going to 
expectorate, but their e£fbrt is vain, for they bring tip nothing^J 
or if anything is forcibly separated from the lungs, it isaimall, 
white, round substance, resembling a hailstone.' The tliorax ts 
brooder, indeed, than natural, but not altered in shape, and ia 
free from ulceration; yet, though the lungs be free from mip- 
puration, they arc filled with humours, which arc, aa it were, 
compacted. The intervals of the paroxysms in this afiectioa 

* Soc in particular OoJon, de loa 
affect, iv,; Alexsader, vl. 1; and 

Faulua jGgineta, SjiL Soc Edit 



are greater. Some, indeed, die speedily of miSbcation befonj 
anything wone is tnnaferred to the general syitem. In oilier 
Cftsee the aSc^ctioa termiiuitvd in drojuy about tlic loins, or in 



In tho formation of the body, the liver and spleen an equally 
bttluriced ; for these viEcera are e<]iul in number, tho one oa 
the right aide and tlie other on the left. They arc unequal, 
liowever, in power, as regards health and dlseusca. In licoltli, 
indeed, iiuismiiuh as tlie liver has the power of nutrition, fur 
"the Toota of all the veins unite to Ibim the liver": but in 
di»»»s it haa mucli greater power to restore health and ocoa- 
lion dctttli. As far, then, as the liver is superior in healtli, so 
much the wone is it in diseases, fur it experienixt more sudden 
and violent inflainmutiong, and Itas more tre<)ucnt and more 
fatal absccieca. In >ciTThiu, too, it proves fatal more quickly 
and with greater pain than the spleen. Those things which 
relate to inflanunationa tlicrcof I liavc dcaoiibed among tlic 
acute airoctions. 

If it be converted into pus, a eharp pain poieessea tl>e parts 
as lat as the clavicle and the tops of the shoulders, for the 
diaphragm from which the livei is suspended is dragged down 
by the weight) and the diaphragm drags the membrane lining 
the ribs to which it is attached, and this membrane (tbe 
ptevre) b stretched up to the clavicle and top of the shoulders, 
which alao are dragged down. Along with the abscess there 
is acrid heat and rigon; cough diy and very frequent; colour 
giats-grccn; and if the patients be intensely jaundiced, it is of 



the wfaito kind; sleep not quit« clear of p1iantasi«di; on the 
main, their undcrsUndiiig settled; or if, from any temporniy 
cause, th«rc be delirium, it quickly pastes off; swelling under 
tho Dipplcs or adcs. whieh deceives many, as if it proceeded 
from the peritoneum. But if llierc be gwelling and pain on 
prcsiurc below tlic ililso riba, the liver is swelled; for it la filled 
by a collection of tltiid. But if the collection is not WIow tlic 
bone, it is s symptom of the membrane (die peritoneum) being 
aiTccted, and its boundaries are distinctly circumscribed; fur 
the hand npjilied in pressure, after passing the circumference 
of the liver, sinks down into an empty space in the abdomen. 
But the hitrduess of the peritoneum is undefined, and no pro- 
cess at ita extremity is apparent. If the proceas incline in- 
wardly, uatufc is far superior to the physician; for it is either 
turned upon the bowels or the bUddcr, and far the kast dan- 
gerous is the passage by the bladder: but if it incline out* 
wards, it is bad not to make an incision, for otherwise the 
liver is corroded by tJie pUE, and death is not long deferred. 
But, if you intend to make an incinon, there is diingcr of 
hemorrhage, from which the patient may die suddeidy; for 
hemorrhage in the liver cannot be checked. But if you aie 
reduced to the necessity of making an incision, heat a cautery 
in the Gre to * bright heat, and push it down to the pus, for 
it at the same time cuts and bums : and if the patient survive, 
there will run out a white, concocted, smooth, not fetid, 
▼ery thick pus, by which the fever and other bad symptoms 
are diminished, and altogether the licalth ia restored. But if 
the poa passes into the intestinen, the belly has watery di»- 
charges at first, but afterwards they rcMmblc the washings of 
flesh, and, again, they are like those in dysentery proceeding 
from ulcerations; but sometimes a bloody ichor, or thrombus 
is jiAHcd. Bile alsto is discharged, intensely yellow, or leek- 
green, and, histly, before death, black. 

But if the nbsceas do not mippurate, and the discjiarget from 



tbe bowela are retid like pulrcfaction, the food passes undi- 
gested, owing to tli<! stomach and intestines liaving lost thtic 
tone; for thus tlio Uver, even Utougli now in good condition, 
docs not perform digestion; along with ilic^c symptoms then 
is acrid beat, and altogether there ia a turn to the worse; 
coliiquatire wsstiog of the fleah, ptilne Hmull, dtfTicully of 
brcathingi when At no distance of tim« Uicir life ia »( on end. 
In certain cases, the djTBcntery and the ulceration hare healed, 
but the disease changed to dropsy. But if all these symp- 
toms abate, if pus that is white, smooth, conustcnt, and in- 
odorous, is discharged, and tho stomach digests the food, 
tiiere may be good hopes of the patient. But the best thing 
is for it to be discharged by the urine; for tiic passitgc by it 
is safer and less troublesome tlian the other. 

Bat if, aHcr the inflammation, the liver does not suppurate, 
the pain docs not go off, its swelling, changing to a hard state, 
settles down into scirrhus; in which case, indeed, the pain is 
not continued, and when preicot is dull; and the heat is 
slight; there is loss of appetite; delight ia bitter tastes, and 
dislike of sweet ; they have rigors ; are somewhat pale, 
green, swollen about the loins and feet; forehead wrinkled; 
belly dried up, or the discharges frequent. The cap of these 
bad symptoms is dropsy. 

In the dropsy, prorided there is a copious discharge of thick 
urine, having much itMjrcmcntitious Mtdiinent, there is a hope 
that the dropsical swelling may run off; but if the urine be 
thin, without Kctlimenl, and Hcoiity, it conspires wiUi the 
dropsy. But if nature change to her priJiline state, and bunt 
upon the bowels, along with copious watery discharges, it hsa 
also sometimes cured llie dro])sy. Thta mode of cure, how- 
ever, is dangerous; for what Dx>m the copious evacuations, 
I and tite extreme prostration, the patients have sometimes died 

I of weakness, as from hemorrhage. Sweating, if copious, 

I carries off the disease with less danger, for dropsical porsoDs 



genorally have not a mcnst skin. Suoh is tlte terminatioa 
of the ftJToctioiis id thu liver. 

But if tlie liver Guppuiuto children, and those till 

manhood; women leai so. The caiues are interopcraBcc, and n 
protracted ilisease, especially from dysentery and colliquntive 
wasting; for it is customary to call these persons labid who 
die en)a<;iatcd from ulocta of the liver. 



SciB&BUS, a chronic discmsc, is habitual to the tplccn (suppu* 
ration does not readily occur in it, and yet it docs occur 
KHUCtimes), when the pain ia not severe, but swelling much 
gieatcithan the pain; for it has been seen swelled on the right 
side as &r as the liver in the whole common space between 
them, hence many have been deceived ia supposing that it is 
not an affection of the spleen, but of the membrane, for it 
appears to them tliat the peritonieum ia inflamed. It is hard 
and unyielding as stone. Such tlie spleen generally becomes 
in scirrhufl, when also it is attended with great discomfort. 

But if it suppurate, it is soft to the touch, yielding to pree- 
surc at its top, when there is a formaUon of pus; but when 
it ia not suppurated it docs not yield. Sometimes it hangs 
entire in the abdomen, being moved about to this side and to 
that, whilst it remaJuB a amall body, and has !^»oe to float in. 
Kausea, restlessneatj especially about the time of brooking. 

The symptoms of distension are, feveis, pains, and rigors 
(far generally they are free of rigora, and of pain when the heat 
is small, and hence abscess about the spleen is sometimes 
latent); for the viscus is porous and insensible even in healtli: 
they are swollen, dropsical, of a dark-gieeu colour, along 


with (lisquictufk, dppnOHi ns if from weight of the chect, for 
tlie evil 13 well murLed. Evca to its upper pRrbi the ab- 
domen is llllcil with a flatus (pnatma), thick, misty, humid in 
appearance but not in reality ; much desire of coughing coineR 
OD, and their expectoration ia email and dry. If there be 
mtery discharges friHQ the bowek, they at first bring somo 
slight iclicf; but if they increase, they vaeto the patient, and 
yet neverthcIcM they do good. 

But, if it should break, pure concocted pus is never dis- 
charged, but whitiRh and aahy, eomctimos feculent, or livid. 
If the abKCSS become deeper, the fluid is dark, when likeniw 
some of the juice of the melted splven is discharged. In 
certain cases, entire portions of the spleen hare been brought 
up, for the spleen is of a soluble nature. And if the ulcer 
docfl not heal, but rcmaios for a long tim^ they lose appetite, 
become cachectic, swollen, unseemly to look at, having many 
ulcere od all parts of the body, especially on the legs, when 
the sores arc round, livid, hollow, foul, and difficult to he«L 
Wasted thereby, they expire. 

In a small tumour, with hurdnem and resistance, pain is 
wanting; on this account tlicy live a long time. But if over- 
powered by the aficction, dropsy, phthisis, and wasting of 
the body noccasarily supervene; and this form of death re- 
moves them from life. 

Children, tlicn, and young persons are moat readily affected, 
and moot readily citcupo from it. Old persons, indeed, do not 
oHen suifcr, but tiicy cannot escape; but certain elderly persons 
hare been cut off by latent disease of the spleen ; for, even with 
ft small swelling, the scale of death has turned with them. A 
protracled and consumptive d!»eiuc induces these affections, and 
in young pcrtons inaclivily especially, when, after contention 
and many exercises, the body has become inactive. Ai to 
localities, the marshy; as to waters, the thick, sultish, and 
fetid. Of the seoAons, autumn is i)ecularly malignimt. 

T 2 





If a distiibution of bile, either yellow, or like t}ie yolk of ut 
egg, or like safTroD, or of a dnrk-groen colour, take plaoe fiom 
the viscn^ over iLe whole syElcm, the affection ia called Ictenis, 
a dangerous complaint in acute diseaiea, for not only when it 
appears before the seventh day does it prove fatal, but even 
after the seventh day it has proved fatal in innumerable 
instanocs. Barely the sfiectjon has proved a cri^ to a fever 
towards the end, but itself is not readily discussed. 

It is formed not only from a cause connected with the lircr, 
as certain physicians hare supposed, but also from the stomach, 
the splcea, the kidneys, and the colon. From the liver in 
this manner: if \he liver become inflamed or contract scirrhus, [ 
but remain unchanged with regard to its functional office, it 
produces bile, indeed, in tlie Hvcr, and the bladder, which is 
in the liver, secretes it[ but if the paxsHgcii which convey the 
bile to the intestine, be obstructed from inHammation or 
scirrhus, the bladder gets over-dintendcd, and the bile i^ 
gurgitates; it therefore becomes mixed with the blood, and tlie 
blood, pofsing over tlie whole ^tcm, carries the bile to every 
part of the body, which ac<)uire8 the appearance of bile. But 
the hardened duces arc white and clayey, as not being tinged 
with bite, because the bowels are deprived of this secret ionTj 
Hence also the belly is very much dried up; for it is neither 
moistened nor stimulated by the bile. The colour in this 
species is whitish -green. 

If jaundice make its appearance in connection with the 
spleen, it is dark-green, fur its nutriment is black, because the 
spleen is the strainer of the block bloo<l, the impurities of 
-which it does not receive nor elaborate when diseased, but 



ihcy are Mrried all orer tlie body with Uie blood. Hcdcc 
patients arc dark-green from icterus in connection with the 
Kplecn ; but the colour is darker than usual in the customarj 
discharges from the bowels, for the luporfluity of the outri- 
mcnt of the spleen becomes recrement &om the bowels. 

Aod icterus also is formed in connection with the colon and 
stomach, provided their powers of digestion be vitiated; for 
digestion take« pliice even in the colon, And from it a supply of 
nutriment is sent upwards to the li%'er. Provided, then, the 
liver receive its other food in a cruder state than usual, it 
indeed goes through its own work, but leaves that of the other 
undone; for in distribution it diffuses the blood which carries 
tlie marks of the inactivity of the colon to all parts of the 
body. The indigestion in this case is connected with tlie 
formation of the bile in the colon. 

Thus icterus may be formed in any viseus, not only of thoM 
which send nutriment to the liver, but also of tliose which re- 
ceive It from the liver. For nature sends nutriment to all parts, 
not only by ducts perceptible to the senses, hut much more so 
by %itpour3, whicli arc readily carried from all parts to all, 
nature conducting them even through tlic solid and dense 
parts. Wherefore these vapours become tinged with bile, and 
discolour any part of the body in whicli they get lodged. 
Moreover, in jaundice connected with the colon, the evacua- 
tions are not white; fOT the liver i* not disordered ns regards 
the function of bile, and is not impeded in the transmission of 
bile to the int^tines. 

The general system, likewise, is most powerful in producing 
icterus; for the cause is seated in the whole body. It is of 
this nature: in every port there is heat for concoction; in 
every part for the creaUon and secretion of humours, different 
in different places, but in each that which is peculiar to it: io 
flesh, indeed, sweat; in the eyes, tears; in the joints and note, 
mucus; in the cars, wax. If the beat, then, faib in the per- 



fomftDcc of each of its operations, it is itsdf converted into 
that which ts acrid and fteryi but nil the fluids become bitei, 
for the prodacta of heat arc bitter, and Maiiied with bile. Bui 
if indigestion happcna in the blood, tlie blood assumes the 
appeantncc of bile, but ia distributed ta nouiishmcnt to 
all parts, wherefore bile uppears everywhere. For it is a 
dire aflTcction, the colour being frightful in appearance, and 
the patients of a golden colour; for the lame thing ia not 
becoming in a man which is beautiful in a stone. It is 
eupcriluous in mc to tell wlionoe the name ia derived, further 
than Uiat it is deiivcd from certain four-footed and terrestrial 
animahi, called ixriBe*:, whose e^es are of tliia colour.* 

Tliere are two sjiectes of the aflection; for the colour of the 
■whiliah-green epeciee either turns to yellow and Ktffion, or to 
livid and black. The ciusc of these is the same as the cause 
of the two kinds of bile ; for, of the Utter, one species— namely, 
the light<olourcd — is yellow, thin, and transparent; but this 
■pecies is alsoBometimes tinged eo as to rcwmbte aaOroa or the 
yoik of an egg. The other is of a darkur character, like leeks, 
woad, or wholly black. There are innunoerable intermediate 
varictiea of colour, these being connected with the heat and 
humours. The viscera, also, co-oj>CTUte in this; for titc viscna 
ia ath«r » bright-red, like the liver, or dark>red, like the 
spleen. When, therefore, the icterus is connected with any 
viscus, if from the liver, it bears traces of thia viscus, and if 
troTD the spleen, of it; and so, also, with regard to all the 
others. But if it possesMS no appearance of any, it is an afTcc- 
tion of the general habit- Tlicse appear manifest in the white 
of the eyes especially, and in the forehead about the temples; 
and in those naturolly of a white complexion, even from a 
alight attack, the increased colour is visible^ 

In cases, therefore, of black icterus, the patients are of a 

• A speciw of forr«t ; cithor tbe Ifiulda Erminwt or tb« M. /We. 



darfc-grccn colour, are sabjcct to rigors, become fuin^ah, in- 
nctive, gpiritlcas; emit a fetid smell, liave a bitter tast«, brcatlie 
with difficulty, arc pinched in the boirela; alvine ovacuationa 
like leeks, darkish, dry, passed Tvith diilicuUy; urine deeply 
tinged with black; without digestion, ivithout appetite; reet- 
Icw, spiritless, melancholic. 

In (he whiter species, the patients arc of a light-green colour, 
and more chcprfgl in mind; iilow in beginning to take food, 
but cat spiritedly when begun ; of freer digestion than those of 
Uio former species; alvine discharges, white, dry, clayey; urioo 
bright-yellow, pale, like aaSion. 

In both cases the whole body is itchy; heat at the nostrils, 
•mall, indeed, but pungent; the bilious particles prickly. The 
taste of bitter things is not bitter; and yet, strange to tell, 
it is not svreot; but the taste of sweet things is bilt«r. For 
in the mouth the bile lodged in the tongue, prevailing over 
the articles of food, Eopliisticutes the sensation; for the tongue, 
having imbibed tlic bile, does not perceive them, while, during 
llic season of abstinence from food, the bile remains torpid, 
neither is the tongue unpleasantly aSected witli that to wliich 
it b habituated ; but the bile, if heated up by the tastes of the 
articles of food, impresses the tongue. When, therefore, tho 
food i* bitter, the sensation is of the bitter things; but when 
sw«et, of the bilious. For the senjiution of the bile anticipates 
the other, and thus deceives those who suppose that bitter 
things appear sweet ; for it is not so, but because it is not exa- 
cerbated by the bitter lodged in it from being habituated to 
the disease, the phantasy of sweet is created; and there is the 
same condition in sweet and bitter taste*; for the bilo is tho 
screen of the fallacious tastes. 

When, therefore, it appears without inflammation of any 
VLScus, it is usually not dangerous, though protracted; but if 
prolonged, and the viscua gcu inflamed, tt terminates most 
commonly in dropsy and cachexia. And many have died 



«iiuciateJ, without dropsy. It ia &mUiar to atlolesoents and 
young men, and to Uiem it is less dangerous; it is not alto- 
gether uitusual also with children, but in them it is not entirely 
free from danger. 



Cacrrxia arises as the cnnv^r^on of nearly &U diMases; IbrJ 
almost ull ili»ea<e9 are its progenitors. But it likewise is formed . 
by itself, sejArately from all others, as an ori^nal affection of 
the noxious kind, by deriving its increase from the adininislT»>^ 
tion of many and improper medicinca. And " a bod habit'' 
for ascaaon is common to all complainta, with many symptoms; 
and of tills its name is significant. There is emanation, pole- 
aeaa, swelling, or wLatcvcr cIm happens for the time to be 
prevalent in the body. But cachexia is the form of one groat 
affection, and gives its name to t]ie same. For " tlie gooj'J 
habit of the patient" (Euheiia) in all respects, as regards dige»>J 
tion, the fonnntion of blood for distribution, and every natural] 
operation whence arise good breathing, good strength, and 
good colour, constitutes the pristine state of good health. But 
if its nature become changed to the weakness of cacochymy, 
this constitutes cachexia. 

Tliis disease is difficult to cure, and is a very protracted 
illncn; for it is engendered during a protracted space of time, 
and not from one infirmity of tlie body, nor in connection with 
only one viscus ; for it is formed by the conversion of ull into 
a vitiated state. Wherefore tliose di^ases which are its off- 
spring are incurable, as dropsy, phthiris, or wasting; for, 
indeed, the causes of cnchcxia are akin to those of wasting. 


The disaase is a protracted and contiDUOUS djrsentory, and (he 
relapses of diseases ia oeruia cn«c«. Gencmll^ there is bu(H- 
ctent uppedK, and plenty of food U tidccn ; but tKe distribution 
tltcreof talcGB place in a cntde aad undigcHted condition, fbi 
the operation of digestion b not performed upon tbc food. 

The cause of it also majr be the suppression of tho hemor- 
rhoidal discharge, or the omisnon of customary Tomiting, 
inactivity as regards exercises, and indolence as to great 
labours. \Vhcn each of its attendants has ceased to return, 
there is heaviness of the whole body, now and then paleness, 
flatulence of the stomnoh, eyes hollow, sleep hcaTy, and inao- 
tivity. But llic^ symptoms occurring in an erratic form oon- 
oeal the existence of the disease; but if they remain and strike 
root, nor readily give way, they are sigHiilcaot of a niighty 
illnoES. When in an erect posture, then ihcy become swollen 
in tb^ feet and legs; but, when reclining, in the parts they 
lay upon; and if they change their position, the swelling 
changes accordingly, and the courae of the cold humour ia 
determined by its weight. For when the heal evaporates tho 
humidity, if it be not difTuflcd, the humidity again runs in a 
liquid state. They have an appetite for much food, and are 
very voracious; the distribution is more expeditious than tho 
digestion, of inattcra that are crude rather than undigested ; hut 
digestion is not at all pcrformod, nor ia it digested in the whole 
body by nature. For the wealcneas of the heat in the belly 
and in the system is the same, neither is good and well-coloured 
blood formed. 

And when the whole body is fdlcd with crudities, and the 
denre as to food is gone, the cachexy having now extended to 
the stomach, and the affection having now attained its summit, 
tlicy become swollen, inactive, and spiritless towuixia every exci^ 
tion. The belly is dried up, and, for the most part, the alviue 
discharges are without bile, white, hard, and undigested. They 
arc parched in person, without perspiration, troubled with 



Itchiness; sleep at no time sctUciJ, but drowstncns in the 
roclining povition; respiration (low; pulw obscure, A»blc, 
frequent, and Tory frequent upon «ny, cren m very small, 
exertion; respiration in these cases asthmatic; veins on the 
temples elevated, with enuciation of the parts around ; but at 
the wrists tlic veins much U^er an<l tumid; blood of a darlc- 
grccn colour. Alon;^ with these, phtAixu or ta^t induces ana- 
Mrcn or ascites, and from their progeny there is no cscu]>c. 

With regard to the ages which ijiduoe this discaaOf in the 
first place, old age, in which there is no recovery; children 
are loadily aficctcd, and more readily recover; sdult« are not 
very much exposed to the affection, but have by no meanj 
easy recoveries. No one season produces this disease, nor 
doci it terminate in any one; but autumn indeed coaceirea 
it, winter nurses it, spring brings it to its full growth, and 
■uramer despatches it. 






On Dbopbt .... 


On D1ABETK8 .... 



Oh ATFKTnoNB or thk Bladdeb 


On OoNOBBHtEA .... 


On Stomachic Affections 


Oh the Cckliac AnrxcrioN 


On Colics ..... 


Oh DTSE^rrxBT .... 


Oh Lientkbt .... 


Oh ArTEcnoNB of ths Wokb . 


Oh Ahthritie ahd Ibcbiatic Dibease . 


Ow FiiTPiiiimiRni 








Dkopst is indeed on aficctioa imaeemly to behold and 
difficult to en<lure; for very few escape from it, and they more 
hy fortune nnd the gods, than by >rt; for all the greater ills 
the gods only can remedy. For cither the disease lurking in 
ft vital orgnn lia« changed the whole system to cachexy, or 
the general Eystem from some plague that hua gom: before 
haa cliange^l the viscera to a Cacochymy, when both co- 
operate with one another to increase the illne«, and no part is 
uninjured from which even a slight afsistance might be rendered 
to Nature. It is a cold and dense vapour convCTted into hu- 
midity, resembling a mist in the universe; or, it is the con- 
version of a humid and cold cause which changes the patient 
to such a habit. For a fluid rolling about in the lower belly 
we do not call Dropsy, since ncitlier is tlie oficdion ntuated in 
that place; but when the tumour, swelling, colour, and the 
habit melting down to water, conspire in the disease, it both 
is, and is called Dropy. For^ even should the water at any 



time hunt outwardly, or ahould one give Tcnt to it, bjr 
making rd ineinon in the bypocliondrium, the dropacal 
kfiection will BtiU remain confirDoed; wli«rerore thv prit 
CBtue of it is cachexia. 

There are many varieties, ach having diSerent namea. 
For if the iratory nifliision fioat in tho fianks, and, owing to 
its fulneES, when tapped it sound like a drum, the disease is 
called 7)fmpumies. But if the water be confined in large 
quantity in the peritonnum, and tlic intettines fioat in the 
Uquid, it gets the appellation of Atata. But if the lower 
bellj contain none of these, but the whole body swell, if in 
connexion with a white, thick, and cold pblegin, the disease. 
is called PkUgmalia* ; but if the fleshy parts are melted dowil> 
into ft eaaguineous, watery, or thin humour, then the species 
of dropsy called Anatarea is formed. Tlie constitution of each^ 
of them ifl bad; but tho combination of litem is much'won«h'i| 
For sometimes the variety which forms in the tower bell; 
(^Ascilet), is associated with that variety ia which the fluid 
li diffiiiied all over tlie body. But the most dangerous is that 
Ibrm in which Tympanites is mixed with Anasarca. For of 
the dropsies that form in the lower bdly, Tympanites is 
particularly worac than Ascites. But of thoee aflecting the 
whole body, Leucophlcgmatia is lees than AnaMrca. It is 
mild then, eo to speak of such hopeless diseases, when a 
smaller affection is combined wilh another smaller one. But 
it is much worwe if one of the smaller entera into combi-. 
nation witii one of the grestcr. But if a complete mtxturo i 
of two great aflbctions take place, the product thereof is « 
greater evil. 

The symptoms are very gnat and very easy to see, to touch, 
and to hear; in A»ciles, for example, to sco tlie tumidity of 
the abdomen, and the swelling about the fiwt; the &ce, 
the arms, and other parts are slender, but the scrotum and 
and prepuce swell, and the whole member becomes crooked. 



from tho inequality of the swelling: — To touch — by strongly 
applying the KkriI And compieasiDg the lower belly; for the 
fluid will pan to other purtti. But when the pnticnt turns to 
thij tiiic or that, the fluid, in the change of poattire, occasions 
Ewelling and fluctuation, the sound of which may be heard. 
But if you press the finger firmly on any part, it becomes 
hollow, and remains so for a considerable time. These are th4 
appearances of Ascites. 

Tympanites may be recognised, not only from the sight of 
the swelling, but also by tho sound which b heard on per- 
GtissioD. For if you tap with the hand, the abdomen sounds; 
neither docs tho flatus {pneuma) shift il« place with the 
changes of posture; for the flatus, evtn although that which 
contains it should be turned upwards and downwards, re* 
mains always equally the same ; but should the flatus (pneunui) 
be converted into vapour and water (for Aecitea may supet^ 
vene on Tympanites), it ahifls its form, indeed, the one half 
running in a fluid sUktc, if the conversion he incomplete. 

In Anasarca and Lcuco phlegmatic the lower belly is empty, 
tho pationls arc swelled in the face and urms; and likewise, in 
these cases, whatercr parts are empty in the othen, in them 
become full. For in Leucophlcgmatia there is collected a 
white, cold, and thick phlegm ; with it the whole body ia 
filled, and the face is swollen, and also the neck and amti; 
but tho abdomen is full from the Bwetling; but the mamrao! 
are mised up into a swelling in the cnse of such youths as are 
still in tike happy period of life. But, in Anamrca, there is 
wasting of the flush to a fleshy humour, and a bloody ichor, 
such AS runs from ulcerations of the bowels, and such as flowa 
from bruises produced by the fall of weights, if the outer 
skin be scarified. But the combination of the two haa the 
symptom) of both. 

In all the species there are present paleness, diflSculty of 
breathing, occasional cough; they are torpid, with much languor 



■nd Ion of appetite; but if they tttlc« nny food, however 
email id quantity aud &ee &om ilalulcncCi they become Da- 
tulcnt, and have distension as if hom repWtlon ; gkJn dry, so 
that it does not became moist eren aftvr tlic bath; they 
are white and cITcininatc; but in Anasarca they arc of a dark- 
gieen colour, and have dark veins; in Ascites and 1 ymjianitcs 
these are prominent, both in the &cc, and in th« wrint», and the 
abdomen. But in Aniuarca and Leucopblegroatia all the pnrta 
arc concealed by ilic swelling; sleep heavy; tiiey are toipid, 
with slight dejection of spirit; concern about triSes; fondness of 
life; endurance not from good spirits and good hopes like those 
in prosj>crity, but from the nature of the affoction. It is not 
possible exactly to stale tlie cause; but this is a mighty wonder, 
how in certain diseases, not altogellier dangerous, the paricnta 
are spiritlc«9, dejected, and wi»Ii to die, but in others they 
have good hopes and arc fond of life. Diseases ptoduoo bolh 
these contraries. 

Dropsy sometimes is oocasionet) suddenly by a copious ccJd 
draught, when, on ac<:ount of thirst, much cold water is swal> 
lowed, and the fluid is transferred to the pentomvum; by 
whieli means the innate heat in the cavities is congealed, and 
then the drops which formerly wore converted into air and 
difvipated, flow into the cavitiM, If this, therefore, hnp[)<-n, 
the cure of these caK« is easier before any of the viaoera or Iho 
whole person is affected. Moreover flatulent food, indigcsUon, 
and til e Bupic«tis' have sometimes occasioned dropsies. 

It is an illneaa common to all, men and women, in every 
period of life, only that certain ages are more exposed to 
ccrtun species of the disease; children to Anasarca and Leu- 
cophlcgmatin ; young men until manhood arc subject to swel- 
ling about the lower belly {Ascites?) Old persons are prone to 
suffer all kinds, as being deficient in heat, for old ago is cold; 

■ llio iUof rerieatoria. See PfttUua JEgiueta, Svil. fkK- «djt., kiil. 
p.;4: and Dioscmidw, it. 69. 



but they are not exposed to collections of humours, oiid to 
them, therefore, Tympanites is the familiar form. 

All the fpcci«s, indeed, arc unfuvourahlc ; for dropsy, in all 
ita forma of disease, ia bad. But of these, leucophlegmatia ia 
the more mild ; for in it there are many and various chances 
of good fortime, such as an cTaciiation of sweat, of urine, or 
from tlic bowels, by which the dropsiual habit is carried oflT. 
But tympanites is of a difGcult naturo, and still more 9o 
anasarca; for in this afTectioD the physician would rciuira to 
change the whole person, « thing not easy for the gods them- 
selves to accomplish. - 

Sometimes the dropsy forms in a small space, such as the 
head in hydrocephalus; or in the lungs alone; or in the liver, 
or the spleen ; or the womb in women ; and this last is easier to 
cure tlian any of the others, for provided ita mouth reUx from 
its fonner constriction, if it contains a fluid, it discharges the 
same outwardly, and if a flatus, it is dissipated. But if the 
uterus suSer at all in anasarca, for the most part the whole 
woman becomes dropsical. 

Tilts other form of dropsy is known: tonall and numerous 
bloddefs, full of fluid, are conLaincil in the place where ascites 
is found; but they aim float tn a copious fluid, of which this 
is n proof; for if you perforate the abdomen so as to evacuate 
the fluid, afler a small discharge of the fluid, a bladder 
within will block up the paisagc; but if you push the inetru- 
mcDt farther in, the discharge will be renewed. This specie*, 
then, ia not of a mild character; for there is no ready passage 
by which the bladders might escape. It is said, however, that 
in certain cases such bladders have oome out hy the bowels. 
I have never seen such a case, and therefore write nothing of 
them; for I am unable to tell whether the discharge be from 
the colon, or the stomach. What is the mode of their forma- 
tion? For the passage whereby all matters may he diHchorgcd 
by the anus is patent; but the discharge of the water collected 



about tho loinB by tbe bowels is incredible. For a wounded 
tDteetine ia not free from trouble and danger. 



I>iABKT£B is & wondcrfiil affection, not very frequent among 
men, being a molting down of the flcdti and Umba into urine. 
Its cauie ia oF a cold and Iiutnid nature, as to dropsy. The 
COUT90 b tbe common one, namely, the kidneys and bladder; 
for the patients nerer stop making water, but tbe flow Ls in- 
ocasant, as if from tbe opening of aqueducts. The nature of 
the disease, then, is chronic, and it takes » long period to form ; 
but the patjcnt is short-lived, if the constinition of the disease 
1>e completely established ; for the melting is rapid, the death 
speedy. Moreover, life is disgusting and painful; thirst, un- 
quenehabic; cxccwivc drinking, which, however, is dispro- 
pordonatc to the large quantity of urine, for more urine is 
passed; and one cannot stop them cither from drinking or 
making water. Or if for a time they abstain from drinking, 
their mouth becomes parched and tlieir body dry; the viscera 
seem as if scorched up; tlicy arc affected with nausea, rest- 
lessness, and a burning thirst; and at no distant term thejr 
eaqnre. Thirst, as if scorched up with lire. But by what 
method could they bo rcstnuncd from making water? Or how 
can shame become more potent ilian pain? And even if tlicy 
were to restrain themselves for a short time, they become 
swelled in the loins, scrotum, and hips; and when they give 
vent, they discharge tho eollccted urine, and the swellings 
subside, for tho overflow passes to the bladder. 

If the disease be fully established, it ia strongly marked; 



but if it b« merely coming on, the inticnts hare tli« moutli 
parclicd, mliva whito, frothy, ha if from thint (for tits thint 
IB not yet confinnvd), weight in the hypoohondriac region. A 
aensatjon of heat or of cold from the stomach to the bladder 
18,03 it were,thi; advent of the approaching disease; ihoy now 
malce a little more water than usual, and there is thirst, but 
not yet great. 

But if it iiicreiise ftill more, the heat la smaD indeed, but 
pungent, and seated in tlie intestines; the abdomen shrivelled, 
veins protuberant, general einaoiution, when the quantity of 
urine and the thirst have already incretaed; and when, at the 
Mmo time, the sensation appears at tlio extremity of tho 
member, the patients immediately make water. Hence, tho 
disuajte appears to me to have got the muno of diabttea, as if 
from the Greek wonl hui^rfTi]t (which »iijnifies a tip/ton^ 
because the fiuid does not remain in the body, but uses the 
man's body as a ladder {^M^aBpri), whereby to leave it.* They 
stand out for a certain time, though not very long, for they 
pass urine with pain, and the emaciaUon is dreadful; nor docs 
any great portion of tho drink get into tlie systom, and many 
paitfi of the flesh past out along with the urine. 

The cau» of It may be, that some one of the acute disewct 
may have terminated in this; and during the crisis tho dijcaKes 
may have left some malignity lurking tn the part. It in not 
improbable, also, that sometliing pernicious, derived from tlie 

' AllogrtheT, this int«rpr«t«tii>R 
15 so ooMtiBfnctary, tbat I was 
almost tampted to alt«r the t«xt 
quit« difHnvntly from Wigan and 
Ermcrinii, and to roftd 6iaiar nc 
&(U3i)ffitw, when tho ]»iamgc might 
be nndored tbiu — "it got tho 
name of dUbcUM), as if tiij^iifpDg 
one having a fr«qa«nt desire ot 
daaoeuding, becauM tho fluid does 


not remain in tho sTStotn, bnt 
tuwi the man's porKnn w> a laddor 
lor ita uxiL" At all ovunta, the 
reeding of Wigan and Ermeriiis 
seems inadmissible ; for bow can 
the two eoniparisMM, to a nphon, 
and to a Uddor, ba admittad to* 
gulber? It ia powtble, howerer, 
that iio&aSpji is fault}', and that ws 
ought to r«ad SiafirfTjf. 


other dUeasee wbich attack tJie bladd«i and kidneys, maj 
sometimes piovc tho cause of this affection. But if any oae 
is bitten by tbc dtpsnit,* the ullection induced by tb« wound ts 
of this nature; for th« reptile, llie dipsos, if it bite one, kJndks 
up an unqucnclmblc thirst. For tliey drink copiously, not a3 
a remedy for the thiret, but so as to produce repletion of tlio 
bowcia by tbe insatiable desire of drink. Bat if one be pained 
by tbe distension of tlie bowels and feci uncomfortable, and 
abstain from drink for a little, he again drinks copiously from 
thirst, and thus tbe evils alternate; for tiic thirst and the drink 
conspire together. Others do not pass urine, nor is there any 
lelief from what is drank. Wliereforc, what from insaUable 
thirst, an overflow of liquiiis, and dtsleii^ou of the belly, the 
patients h^ve suddenly burst. 



The kidneys are of a glandular nature, but rodder in coIouTi 
like the liver, rather than like the mammw and testicles; for 
they, too, are glands, but of a whiter colour. In shape tbejr 
resemble tbe testicles, but are broader, and, at the same time, 
curved. Their cavities are small and like sieves, for the per- 
colation of tbe urine; and these have attached to each of them 
oervouM canals, like reed*, which are inserted into tlie shoulden 
of the bladder on each »de; and the passage of the uiine from 
each of the kidneys to the bladder b equal. 

About it, the kidneys, and those passages, many and compli- 
cated diseases are formed, partly acute, proviug &ta] by hemor- 
rhage, fevers, and inflammation, as has been described by mo; 

' Tho dJpMM was n Apadea of vip«r. See Paulus £ginata, ii. p. ISO, 



but partly chronic, othcn scaring out the paUent by wasting, 
ftnd ulihough not of a fatal character, incurable, and persisting 
until dettih. Wherefore, the ohronio are — abscesses, ulcers, 
iIm formation of stones, and hemorrhoids. The ulcerations from 
abacen in man are all very protracted, and difficult to cure. 

Th« fonnvtion of stones is a long process, the stoppage of 
them painful, for the passage of them is not easily accom* 
pliahed; and in addition to these, the retention of urine is 
ronnidsble. But if several nmnll ones slop togctlier in the 
punge, or a large one be impacted ; and if these occur to both 
kidneys, so as to occanon retenUon of urine and distension of 
the parts. t)ie patients die in a few days. Nature, ttierefure, 
did well in forming the cavity of the kulneys oblong, and of 
equal size with the ureters, and even a little larger, so that if 
a stone formed above, it might have a ready passage to the 
bladder. On this account, also, the stones have an oblong 
form, because, for tlie most part, they are consolidated in the 
ureters; and such in that place aa are of unctinat thickness aro 
slender before, owing to the ureters being narrow, but thick 
behind, because the kidneys verge downwards. They arc 
formed in the kidneys only, but when in a heated slate; for 
the stones have no fixed place in the ureters, but the gravel 
floats downwards with the urine, and thus is both indicative of 
theafiection.and fornisliM the mfl/wic/ of it. But if an unusually 
largo one at any time be detained in the pelvis of the kidney, 
pains of the loins, about the regions of the psoa, as far as the 
middle of the ribt, take place, and hence, in many case^, the 
piun leads to mistake, as if it proceeded from pleurisy; hea- 
vine«3 of the hips; painftil flexion ebout tlic spine, so that they 
stoop forward with dilUculty; very painful tormina; at the same 
time, the pains are heavy with a sense of twisting, for the 
intestine ia convoluted. But if the urine be retained in large 
qttantity, and with distooeion, the desire of making water 
resunbtes the pains of labour; they arc troubled with flatu< 



Uacc, which c&nnot Gnd rent; the feven are pun^^t, and of 
ft dry nature. Tongue parched; the bcU;, oUo, dried up; 
they are emaciated, and loee appc^t«; ot if they take any- 
thing, they eannot readily swallow or digest it. But if the 
stone fall down into the ureters, there w shivering, as if from 
rigor, the sensation as if from tlic {MMing of a tlonv with 
Tioleut ezertioQ. And if it &I1 down into the bladder, there 
is ao abundant evaciLation of watery urine, flatulent diadiaq|ea 
from the bowels, the stomach eetlled, eructations, rest from 
former tUncsece; and sometimes blood is poured out along with 
the urine, from excoriation of the paflsigo. Another paintul 
operation is tie ptuaage through the member; for if the stotw 
be krger than the urethra, it is detained for a long time, the 
bladder ia fdled behind, and the ischuria is very punfid, for 
aloDg with the bladder the ureters, also, are filled. The po** 
lagc of crooked stonca is most difficult, for I have seen hooked 
protuberances on certain of these concictions. Bui, R>r the 
most purt, they are oblong, being formed according to the 
shape of the pussges. In colour, some arc white, clayey, as 
is mostly the case with children; otlicra are yellow, and mffron- 
ooloured tn old persons, in whom the stones usually form in 
the kidneys, whereas in children it is rather in the bladder. 
The causes of the concretion arc two-fold: in old persons, u 
cold body and thick blood. Fur cold concretes thick fluids 
more readily tlian heat, the proof of which is seen in the 
Thermal eptings; for when congealed, the water gets concreted 
into a Bort of chalk-stones. But in children, tlie copious 
recrement of the blood, being overheated, gives origin to their 
formation, like fire; 

Such are the a&ections connected with the formation of 
stones. Cci'tain persona pass bloody urine periodically: this 
affection resembles tliat from hemorrhoids, and the constitution 
of tho body is alike; they ore very pale, inert, sluggish, with- 
out appetite, without digestion; and if the discharge haatakca 



tiioj arc languid and relaxed in their limbs, but light 
and agilu in their head. But tf tb« peiiodical evacuation do 
not take plucc, they ore aOlictcd w!tb licadadm; their eyes 
become dull, dim, and rolling: hence many become epileptic; 
others are swollen, misty, dropsical; and others again are 
aRbctcd with melancholy and patalysls. These complaints are 
the ofijcpriug of the stoppage of a customary discharge of 
blood. If, then, the blood flow pure and unmiiccd with urine, 
for the meet part the blood of the urine flow* from the 
blad<Ittr. Sonicume* it is discharged in great quantity from 
rupture of tlie kidneys; sometimes it is coagulated, and a 
thrombus is formed of extravasated blood; Eomclimce it is 
coagulated in the bladdci, when dreadful ischuria comes on. 

After the rupture there succeed ulcers, which are alow and 
dif&cult to heal; the indication of which b a scab, or red flim, 
hkc a spider's web, or white pus passed in the urine, soinetimea 
pure and unmixed, and sometimes mixed up witli the urine. 
And by thocc symptoms we may also disgnoac abceases, if, in 
addition, fevers aod rigors supcrvcuo towards evening; pains 
about the loins, pruritus; but if it burst, clots of a purulent 
and fleshy nature, and now a discharge of white pus. But 
the ulcers are pungent, sometimes clear, and sometimes foul. 
This is indicated by the pus uq<1 tlic unue, whether fetid or 
free of smcU. 

Spring, then, induces hemorrhages and abscesses; winter 
and autumn, stones. But if along with the stones ulcers 
be fonned, tlic diseases indeed are incurable, there is speedy 
emaciation and death. 





Or tL« dideaaes in ihe bUddkr no one u mild: tli« acute 
proving fatal by inflammadoD, wounds, spasm, and acute 
feTers; white ftti ulcer, sboess, paralysis, or a large Etonc, are 
cbroDio and incurable. For it (a targe glone ?) can neither be 
broken by a draught, nor by medicine, nor scmped outwardly, 
nor cut witliout dangc-i. For the sinal! ones of the bladder 
arc to be cut out, but the other proves QitAl the wme day, or in 
a few daj'R, the patients dying from spaanis and fevers; or, if 
you do not cut him, retention of the urine takes place, and 
tlie patient ia oousiuned slowly with puna, fevers, and wasting. 
But if the stone is not very Urge, lliere ia frutiuent suppreeaioa 
of urine; for by dlliug readily into the neck of the bladder, it 
prevenU the escape of the urine. Although it bo safer to cut 
ia thetie cases than for the large stones, still the bladder is cut; 
and although one should escape the risk of death, still there is 
B constant drain of water; and attliough this may not be dan> 
gerous, to a freeman the incciLsaiit flow of urine is intolemble, 
whether he walk or whether he sleep; but is particularly di»- 
agtceable when ho walks. The very small ones arc commonly 
cut witliout danger. If the stone adhere to the bladder, it 
may be detected with care; and, moreover, sucii coses prove 
troublesome from the pain and weight, even wlien there is no 
dysuiis, but yet the patient may have difficulty of making 
water. Tou may diagnose all eases of stone by the sediments 
of (and in the urine, and, moreover, they have the genitsl 
parts enlarged by liandling them; for when they make water, 
and there is a stone behind, tliey are pained, and gRkSp and 
drag the genital parts, as if with die intention of tearing out the 
atone along with the bladder. The fundament sympathiecs by 
becoming itchy, and the anus is protruded with the forcing 



and itnuntng, (rom the sensation, u it were, of tlie pa»age of 
the stone. For die bladder aud anus lie close to one snothor, 
and when either suSers, tlie other suders liken-ise. Where- 
fore, in iDdammations of the r«ctum, the bladder is affected with 
ischuria; and in acut« pains of the bladder, the antia pu«scs 
Dotbing, eren when the bowels are not much dried up, Such 
are the sufTcrings connected with calculi. 

Hemorrhage, although it may not prove fittal very speedily, 
yvi in the course of time has wasted many putivnte. But the 
cloU of blood produced by it are quickly fatal by inducing 
bdiuria, like as in stones; for cren if the blood be thin, of a 
bright colour, and not very coagulable, yet the bladder accu- 
mulates it for a length of time, and its heating and bulling (as 
it were) coagulalM the blood, and thus a thrombus is formed. 
Ischuria, then, ia most peculiarly fatal. But on these symp. 
toms there euperveno acute pain, acrid heat, a dry tongue, and 
from theee they die delirious. 

If pain come on from a wound, the wound itself is dan- 
gerous; but the sore, even if not fatal at lir«t, becomes incura- 
ble from fever or inflammation; for the bladder is thin, and of 
a nervous natur^r, and such parts do not readily incarnate nor 
cicatrise. Moniover, the urine ia bilious, acrid, and corroslre. 
The ordinary condition of the uloer ia this: — when the bladder 
ia filled, it ia sti-etchedi but when emptied, it contracts: it is 
in the condition, then, of a joint in extennon and flexion, and 
BO ulcer in a joint is tmvy of cure. 

The bladder also suppurates from an abscess. The symptoms 
of ati abscess of the bladder are the same as in otlier casea; for 
the abscess in forming is attended with infiamraation, ferers, 
aud rigois. The dangers are the same. But if it discltargea 
urine wliich is thick, white, and not fetid, the ulcers from 
them ore mild; but if it spread, they pass urine which is fecu* 
lent, mixed with pus, and of a bad smell: of auch persons the 
death is not distant. The urine, indeed, is pungeut, and the 



evacnatioo thereof painful, and (bo pain dart* to tlio extremitj 
of tlw member. Ail thing*, wtn thoetc which are opposed to 
one another, prove iujurioua to thcin; repletion and ioanitioa, 
inactivity and exercise, batlis and abatinenoe from batli^ food 
and abetinence iiom food, sweet things and acid things; cer- 
lain articles being Ecrvlceable in certain cases, but proving 
injurious inothcn, not being able to ogrcu in any one. 



GoNOBRH(E\ is not, indeed, a deadly afToctlon, but QM I 
is diiiagTceablo and dicgusdng even to hear of. For if impotence ' 
and paralyFiB posters both the fluids and genital organs, llie semen 
runs as ifthrough dead parts, norcanit be stopped even in sleep; 
for wliethcr asWp or awake the di«chargc is irTcstrtinahlc, and 
there is on unconscious flow of semen. Women ahiu have tbia 
disease, but thcii semen is discharged with titillationofthe parts, 
and with pleasure, and from immodest desires of counectioa 
with men. But men have not the lame prurient feelings; the 
fluid which nina otT being tbJn, cold, oolouilcw, and unfruitful.. 
For how could nature, when congealed, evacuate Tivifying | 
semen? And even young persons, when they suSer from tbia 
affection, oeceasarily become old in constitution, torpid, re- 
laxed, spiritless, timid, stupid, enfeebled, shnTcUed, inactive, 
pal«, whitish, efTcminatc, loathe their food, and become frigidj 
they have heaviness of the Ricmbcn, torpidity of the legs, art 
powerless, and incapable of all exctlion. In many cases, this 
disease is the way to paralysis; for how could the nerroiu 
power not suffer when nature has become frigid in regard to 
tlic generation of life? For it is the semen, when potscetcd of 


▼italily, which makta nt to be men, hot, vctl Imwed in Unib% 
liatrj, well voioed, spirited, strong to tliink and to act, u the 
chsracterUtics of men prove. For when the semcu is not poa- 
Kssed of ita vitality', pereona become shrivellcil, have a sharp 
tone of voice, low tlicir hair and their beard, and bcooms 
efietninatc, m the characteristics of eunuchs prove. Bat if any 
man be continent in tlic cmtsnoa of fcmcn, lie ia bold, daring, 
and strong as wild beustji, as is proved from such of the athleln 
as are continent. For such as are naturally superior in strength 
to certain persons, by incontineney become inferior to their 
inrcrion; while those by nature much their inferiors by con* 
tinency become superior to t}>eir superiots: but an animal 
becomea strong from nothing else than from semen. Vital 
•omen, then, contributes much to health, strength, courage, 
and generation. From ntyria^s a transition takes place to an 
attack ofgonorchiiea. 



TuE stomach is the prcsidont of pl«a«uro and disgust, being 
an important neighbour to the lieail for imparting lone, good 
or bad spirits, from the sympathy of the soul. This is th* 
primary power of the stomach. Thc»c things liave been 
dc»ribcd by mo in anotlicr place. The ofKipring of pleasure 
arc, good digestion, good condition, and good colour of iho 
body; of disgust, their contraries, and also sometimes depres- 
sion of spirits, when proper nutrition ia wanting; and in 
melancholic patients, loathing of food. If, then, this organ be 
diseased, there is dislike and abomination of articles of food, 
not only if administered, but even if the food is not Men; 



nsy, llie very remembrance of tliem it attended with tuosMtj 
distress, water-braah, and hcarl-aclic; and in certain case* 
tbere is saliration and Tomiting. Even when the body wulc*i 
provided their itomnch remain empty, they bear this pain 
more «a:nly than that produced by the administration of food. 
But if at any time they are compelled by necessity to take 
food, the pain is worse than hunger; the act of masticating 
in tlie mouth occasions euffentnco, and to drink ii a >tiU 
greatcrpnin. And it is not thnt they sutfcr thus from onitable { 
food, and bear more unusual food well; owinj; to a change ' 
{rom that which is natural to the opposite, there ia a painful 
eensatioQ aa to everything, an aversion to, and dislike of, all 
Innds of food. Along with these there is pain between the 
fcapulw, much greater aflcr the administration of food or 
drink; loathing, distrms, right dull, noises of the cars, heavi- 
ness of the heud, torpidity of the limb», their joints sink 
under them; palpitation in the hypochondriuc ri'gion; phun- 
taisy, as of tho spine being moved towards the lower limbs; 
they soem aa if carried about, now this way and now that, 
whether they stand, or lie down, like reeds or trees shiikcn by 
a gule of wind; they belch out a cold and watery phlegm. 
But if tliere be bile in bilious pcrsonx, they have dimness of 
eight, and no thirst, even when owing to the food they appear 
tliirsty; are sleepless, torpid, drowsy, not from true sleep, but 
like those in comatose affeetiona; emaciated, very pale, feeble, 
rebxed, imbecile, dispirited, timid, inactive, quick to passion, 
very moody; for such persons at times have feUen into a state 
of melancholy. 

These mental emotions necerearily attend the affection when 
in connection with the stomach; but certain people, recog- 
nising the parts which sympatliise, and from which the moat 
dreadful symptoms arise, reckon the stomach as the cause. 
But the contiguity of the heart, which ia of all organs the 
first, 18 a strong confirmation of the truth of what I say; for 



Uie heart is plnced in the midillc of the lungs, and tbia inter- 
mediate space cODiprehenda the stomach; and, rooreovcr, both 

.are conoccUid with tlie epioe; and £rom this vicinitj to the 
heart arise th« heart-ache, prostration of atrongth, and tymp- 
toms of mcUnchoIy. 
There are other, and, indeed, innumerable causes of this 

idiKiue; but th« principal is, much pus poured forth by die 
tteilj through the stomach. It is liuniliar to such jiersons fij 
from their neoessities live on a slender and hard diet; and to 
those who, for the sake of education, are laborious and per- 
•evering; whose portion is the love of divine ecience, along 
with scanty food, want of xlecp, and the meditation on wise 
sayings and doings — whose is the contempt of a full and 
tnuliifarioua diet; to whom hunger is for food, water for 
drink, and watchfulness in plaoe of rcrt; to whom in place of 
a soft coucb, is a hammock on the ground without bed-clothes, 
a mean coverlet, a porous mantle, and the only cover to whose 
head u the common air; whose wealth consists in the abundant 
poaseaaion and use of divine thought (for all these things tbcy 

! account good from love of learning); and, if they take any 
food, it is of the most irugal description, and not to gratify 
the palate, but solely to preserve life; no quaSing of wjnc to 
intoxication; no recreation; no roving or jaunting about; no 
bodily exercise nor plumpness of flesh ; for what is there from 
which the love of learning will not allure one? — from country, 
parents, brothers, oneself, even unto dealli. Hence, to them, 
emaciation of the frame; they are ill-complexjoned; oven 
in youth they appear old, and dotards in understanding; in 
mind cheerless and inflexible; depraved appetite, speedy satiety 
of the accustomed slender and ordinary food, and from want 
of familiarity with a varied diet, a loathing of all savoury 
viands; for if they uke any unusual article of food, they ar» 
injured thereby, and straightway abominate food of all kinds. 
It is a chronic disease of the stomach. But inflammations, 




dcfluxioni, beart-boni, or pain tfaenof, ue not oUcd tfa« 
Stomachic afiection. 

Sammcr bringt on tbia dtaea^, wbeooe springa the complete 
loa of digeatioD, of appcUte, and of all the faculties. With 
ngard to lite period of life, old ag«; for in old nun, even 
vithout any disease, owing to their being near the cloae of 
life, the appetite is nearly gone. 



TnB rtomach being th« digeative organ, taboun in dignrtloa, 
wb«n diarrhwa seizes the patient. Dianrh<»t consists in th« 
diach&rge of undigested food in n fluid state; and if this does 
not proceed from a slight cause of onlj one or two dsjs' dun- 
tion; and if, in addition, the patient's general system be debi- 
litated hy atiophj' of the body, the C<eliac disease of a chronic 
nature is formed, from atony of the Iteat which digests, and 
refrigeraUon of ihc stomaeh, when the food, indeed, ts dis* 
Bolved in the heat, but the heat does not digest it, nor convert 
it into its proper chyme, but leaves its work half finished, 
from inability to complete it; the food then being deprived 
of this operation, is changed to a state which is bad in colour, 
■mcll, and conMstenoe. For its colour \» white and without 
bile; it has an offensive smell, and is flatulent; it is liquid, 
and wants connstenoe firom not being completdy elaborated, 
and from no part of the digestive process having bc«n properly 
done except the commencoment. 

Wherefore they have flntulencv of the stomach, continued 
eructations, of a bud smell ; but if these pnss downward*, the 
bowels rumble, ovncuations arc flatulent, thick, Auid, or 



c]»yey, nlong with the pKantnsy, as if a fluid were piusing 
through them ; heavy pain of the stointoh now uid then, as 
if from a puncture; the patient emaciated uid atrophied, pale, 
feeble, incapable of performing any of his accustomed worka. 
But if be attempt to walk, the limbs &il; the veins in the 
templee are prominent, for owing to wasting, the temples are 
hollow; but abo over atl the body the veins are enlarged, 
for not only does tlic di>cn«e not digot property, but it does 
not even distributA tliat portion in which the digestion had 
commenced for tlie support of the body; it appean to me, 
therdbre, to be an affection, not only of the digestion, but 
also of the distribution. 

But if the di«ca3« be on the tncrenac, it carries back the 
matten from the general system to the belly, when there is 
wasting of the constitution; the patients are parched in the 
mouth, surface dry and devoid of sweat, stomach sometimes 
■■ if burnt up with a coal, and eoraetiines as if congealed with 
ice. Sometimes also, along with the lastscybala, tliere flows 
bright, pure, tmmixed blood, so as to make it appear that the 
mouth of a vein has been opened ; for the acrid discharge 
corrodes the veins. It is a very protracted and intractable 
iUness; for, even when it would seem to have ceased, it relapses 
^;«in without any obvious cause, and comes back upon even a 
alight mistake. Now, therefore, it returns periodically. 

This illnees is familiar to old persons, and to women rather 
than to men. Children arc subject to continued divrrhcca, 
from an ephemeral interoperonoe of fooil; hut in their case the 
diseara is not seated in the eavity of the stomach. Summer 
engenders the disease mor« than any other of the seasons; 
autumn next; and the coldest season, winter, also, if the heat 
be almost extinguished. This aSeclion, dysentery and lientery, 
sometimes arc engendered by a chronic disease. Bui, like- 
wise, A copious draught of cold water has Boroetiioes given rise 
to this disease. 





PERfiONS in colic arc cut off speedily by volvulus end tor- 
mina. There arc very many catisvs of this afFcctiou. Tho 
symptoms are, hcarinees during abstincnco from food, partica^ 
larly in the part most nUcctcd ; much torpor; they arc inactive, 
lose appetite, become emaciulcd, sleepless, swollen in couDtc- 
nancc And if the colon be affected in couneciion with the 
•pleeu, they are of a dark-green colour; hut of a light-grccQ 
when in connection with the liver, from the sympathy of th« 
nearest viscera. And if they take food, even in small quan- 
tity, and Buch as is not flatulent, they become very flatulent, 
and have a desire to pass wind, which, however, does not 
find vent; forced eructations upwards, but without effect; or, 
if any should be forcibly expelled, the flatus is fetid and acid 
which escapes upwards. The kidney* and bladder sympathise, 
with pain and iscliuria; but in such oksea the symptoms tnler- 
cbange with one another. But a greater wouder than theae, 
— an unexpected pain has passed down to the testicles and crc- 
tnasteis; and this sympathetic affection has escaped the obser- 
vation of many physicians, who have made an incision into 
the cremasten, as if they were the particuhir cause of the 
disease. But in these cases also the symptoms interchange 
with one another. 

From this disease arc produced other diseases; abeccaics and 
oloers, of no mild character; dropsies and phthisis, which are 
incurable. For the disease is formed from cold and tliick 
humours, and a copious and glutinous phlegm ; but, also, it 
comes on with a &igid period of life, a cold season, and a cold 
locahty, and during a hard winter. 






Or tlie intestines, the upper being thin and bilious (;^XM£(a) 
as Eir OS the atcum, h«vc got the Greek name xiX^'S«. From 
theiw proceed the lovrcr, whidi »ro thiclc and fleeliy, as fkr us 
the commenoumcnt of the Kcctiim. 

Wliercfure ulcere Torin in tl] of them; and the vaneties of 
these ulcere constitute D/tcntery: on this account, these dis- 
casea ale complex. For some of them erode the intcstinca 
RupcrficiaUy, producing only excoriation ; and these are innocu- 
ous; but they are &r more innocent if the affections be low 
down. Or if the ulcera bo yet a little deeper, they are no 
longer of a mild character. But alcora which are deep and 
have not stopped epreadingj but are of a phagedenic, painful, 
sprmding, and gnngicnous cliancter, are of a fatal nature; for 
the small reins get cotrodod in tlie course of their spreading, 
and there is an oozing of blood in the ulcers. Another larger 
epectes of ulcers: thick edges, rough, unequal, callous, as we 
would call a knot in wood: these are diffictUt to cure, for thoy 
do not readily cicatrise, and the cicatrices are e<toily dissolved. 

The causes of d^-sentery arc manifold; but the principal arc. 
indig<!t)tion, continued cold, the administration of acrid things, 
such OS mi/ttSini,' onions by themselves, garlic, food of old 
and acrid flesli, by which dyspepsia is produced; also unac- 
customed liquids, eyeeon,* or gythra? (*l^)i or *ny similar 
beverage produced in any country as n substitute for wine to 

' A sort of condiiupnt, conUin- 
Ing garlic and other acrid thingo. 

Sco foUui, Oaomast. vL 

* A thick soup prepared from 
various eubstanceis that is to Nt^, 

cbe«ae, wine, etct. It in mentioned 
both in the niiid und Odyuaay. 

■ On the com|jOBitiou of lh« an- 
cient tgthi, or Ales, soa Appen* 
dix to the Edinburgh Onek 
Lexicon, in voet, ZiSot. 

A A 

tn wstcrf, lUo, sad derad oT^mIL Bot if ifaiiiii tbrf ■■• 
like idwr, ledifiA. «f Ae fsokw «f (fade vnc, or Eke tlw 

wMbiagiof flab; and iboe ueaoMCtiBa ty rtiiwwhii aaJ 
MOctifRM with ttw faoea^ ihoe 1>C3V Asatnd m tbe aop- 
rooiidiiig flnid, deroid of bQe and of KDell; or ih^ an 
cvioOBied in a eooMlaat and dry tUtt, liibikaiiil iritli HtB 
mmom£ng flnid. Bet if the nlcen be larger and aaioodier, in 
tkoK above ibej are bUiona, and pincfa tbe parta boa which 
Ibey come and throogb which the^ paoe (they eno ptndi ihe 
taai)f Cot the bile n acrid, mose eipecially if froaa aa oker; 
ud Ae Ule is bitj, like grease. In the deeper nleen bdov, 
a thick clot of blood with phl^m, like flesh not rerj &t, or 
like the scraping* of tlie boweb; iut, evca entire portiom are 
nixed np with them; they are dijcbaiged whit^ thick, ma* 
eoo^ like diopped laUow, along with the homour ia which 
they Soat: these proceed from the rectum: but somctinica 
they are merely macous, prurient, small, round, pungent, 
causing frequent dejections and a desire not without a pics* 
iurable sensouon, but with very scanty eracuatlons: this com- 
plaint gels the appellation of latttima. But from the oolon 
tliere arc discharged picoca of ilc»h, which arc red, iar^e, and 
haro a much Lai^gcr circumfeTeDce. If the ulcen become deep, 
ttnd the Hood lliick and fcculont, these arc more fetid than 




the former; but if the nlcen vprend tnd tn phagcdmoic, and 
if nothing will stop tliuin, above, in addition to being intensely 
bilions, tlte dejections become saBroa-Iilce, &othy, feculent, 
blackish, like woad or like teeks, thicker Uian the former^ 
fetid like a mortificatioa ; food now undigested, as if only 
masticated bjr voraciotu teeth. But if the under parts are also 
coiroded, black clols of blood, thick, fleshy, Tcrjr red, clotted, 
sometimes, indeed, blnck, but at other times of all Tarious 
coloum, fetid, intolemhie; involuntary diMchnrgcs of fluids. 
And sometimes a eubstanoe of considerable length, in many 
respects not to be distinguislied from a sound piece of intes- 
tine, has been discharged, and, to those ignorant of the matter, 
has caused apprcheoEion about the intestine: but the fact is 
this, — the intestines, like the stomach, consist of two coats, 
which lie close to one another in nn obli(]ue manner; when, 
therefore, the connection between them is dissolved, the inner 
coat, being sepantcd to some length, protrudes externally, 
while the outer one remains atone, incamatca, and gets cica- 
trised, und the patients recover and live unharmed. It is th« 
lower gut alone which sufiera thus, owing to its flcsliy nature. 
And, if blood be discharged irom any vessel, it runs of a bright 
red or black colour, pure, and unmixe<l with food orscybala; 
and if a concretion is spread over it like broad spiders' webs, 
it coagulates when cold, and no longer would be taken for A 
aecietion of blood ; but being discharged with much llutulenca 
and noiAC, it has the appearance of being much larger than its 
actual nmounL Sometimes, alio, a purulent absoesa forms in 
the colon, nowise diHerent from the other internal ulcers; 
for the symptoms, the pus, and the mode of recovery are the 
same. Bui if there be hard secroiions of matiers resembling 
flt-sh, as if pounded, and like rough bodies, the abaccM is not 
of a mild nature. Sometimes a copious discharge of water 
takes place from the colon in the form of dyMotery, which 
bas freed many patients from dropsy. In r word, such ars 

A A 2 



the ulocn iit tKe int«sUiiC!t; ond their forms and tlie secretions 
from tliem ks I tiuve dcwribiNl. 

I will now (Iesuril>e the dymploms accompanying each of 
tltcae etatea of diaease, whether the uIccib b« mild or malig- 
oant. To ^>eak in general terina, then, if tlio excoriation ia 
mperGcial, whether it be above or below, the patients arc free 
from paia and from fever, and get belter without being coniined 
to bed, in variotu ways, by merely some slight changes of diet. 
But if ulceration EUpervcnc, in the upper bowels there arc tor- 
mina, which arc pungent, acrid, ns if from the presence of a 
small amount of hoi bile; and occasionally there is suppara- 
tioo: indeed, for the most part, there is suppuration, or dige>> 
tjons imperfectly performed, though tliere is no want of appetite. 
But if tlie ulcurs form in the lower part of tlic boweb, they an 
much teas dangerous than in those above, for the bowels there 
ate of a much more flesliy nature than tlioae above. But if 
those above become hollow and phagedwnic, there are acute 
fevers, of a latent kind, which smoulder in llie intestines; 
gonenl coldneea, loss of appetite, insomnoleucy, acid eructa- 
tions, nausea, vomiting of bile, vertigo : but if the discharge 
become copious, and consist of more bilious matters, tlie tor- 
mina become permanent, and the other pains increase; some- 
timei there is prostration of strength, focblcncss of the knees; 
they have ardent fever, arc thirety, and anxious; black vomit- 
ing, tongue dry, pulse small and feeble Akin to these are 
the fatal symptoms I have stated among those of malignant 
ulcers; cardiac affections even to deli<iutum aiiimi, from which 
Eome never recover, but thus expire. These dangerous symp- 
toms arc common also to erosions of the lower intestinea if the 
ulcers spread, and the discharge be not checked, only that the 
tormina and pains are below the umbilicus where the ulc«n 
are situated. The forms of the secretions arc such as 1 have 
said; but if they be small at first, and there be a postpone- 
ment of their spreading for a long time, various changes take 





place in tlie ulcers, some sulisiding, and others swelling up, 
like waves in Lite sea. Such is the course of these ulcers. But 
if nature stand out, and the physician co-operate, the spreading 
may, indeed, be stopped, and a fatul termination is not appre- 
hended, but the intestines remain hard and ealluus, and the 
recovery of such cases is protracted. 

In hemorrhage from th« boweU, if it proceed from a laif;o 
vein or artery, it Is sudden death; for neither is it possible to 
introduce the hand so as to reach the ailmcnti nor to apply any 
medicine to the sore. And cren if the hemorrhage were 
restrained by the medicine, the escape from death would not 
be cerluin; for, id some cases, the falling off of a lar^' eschar 
widens the mouth of the vein, and when clots form within, 
and remain there, tlie disease is incurable. It is neccsuiry, then, 
to cure hemorrhages in their commencement. Its approach, also, 
for the most part is obvious, although not in all cases quite 
apparent: anxiety attends, with restlessness, heaviness in the 
part where the rupture is to take place, ruddiness of the 
countenance if tlie blood has not yet burst forth. And if the 
Tcin hua burst lately, for the most part tho symptoms arc 
allcvinlctl; but if it has been a longer time ago, thia takes 
place more slowly, and with more difficulty. SucJt are th« 
ulcers in the intestines. 

They occur in the season of summer; next in autumn; leas 
in spring; least of alt in winter. Diarrhoea attacks children 
and adolesccnta, but dysentery a<lults ond young persons. In 
old age convalescence is liifllcult, and cicatrization protracted. 
Corroding sores arc unusual in old persons, but yet hemorrhage 
is in accordance with old nge. 




If many thick mid hard cicatrices form ttiiei dvTcateri«s, and 
brottd iwd vciy dc«p ulccrktiona of the upper intestines, the 
food possea from them to thoee hcloir in a iliii<l state, without 
•eparation of the nutriUoua part; for the eicntiix aliuts up the 
pores bjr which the nutriment in carried upwurds. Tlic paUent, 
therefore, is eeieed ivith atrophy, loss of colour and of strength. 
The affection gets the appellation of Licntcry, this name being 
applied to a cicatrix of the intestines. And hor« the affection 
is from ulcers. But sometimes the intestines do not acqnii« 
cicatriitalion, but yet usage and habit reconcile the intestines to 
the discharge. For, the heat in these parts, if congealed, neither 
at times perforins digestion, nor a the nutriment distributed 
upwards; but being unchanged, owing to weakness, it fails to 
undergo any part of the process. But if the purging, though 
of vitiated matters, be temporary, and not confirmed, a simple 
vomit after food will sometimes remove the disease. But if the 
exciting cause be prolonged, and get confirmed, it docs so 

A chronic disease, and cachexia so mild ai not to cooline 
the patient to bed, will engender tliis disease. But dropaies 
sometimes have terminated favourably in this disease; a cliauge 
from one evil to another, but still a better change. 



Toe uterus in women is beneGcial for purgation and parturi- 
tion, but it ia tho common sourco of innumenblc and bad 




d i a e ma; Ibr not only ts it subject to ulccra, iniluminktion, ind 
Ae fluor, but, if tKc whole organ be suddcnlj oiriccl upwurda, 
it quickly causes death. The fat*] diMMes of on acute nature 
connected tlwrewilh hare been dcnribed cbewhera: but the 
chronic afTecliona are, Uie two species of flaor; lurdnee; 
nlcen, part mild, but part malignant; prokpmu of the whole, 
or of part. 

Thejluor, then, is eltlter of a red or white colour; its ap- 
pearance indicates tltb. It is the red if it consist of bright 
led blood, and tlie Taiietia thereof; or livid, or black and 
thin, or thick and coagulated, like a thrombus; or white, like 
water; or a bright ocbrc colour, like bile: in thickneH like a 
thinnish or thin and fetid ichor. The white flux (or fluor 
fl/friu) is like pas, and the true Ibmt like while wbcjr; but a 
clot of blood frequently runs off with the pu*. But there is an 
in6aite variety of forms of it, as regards more or lc» quantity. 
It« periods sometimes agree with those of the menstrual purga- 
tioB, but it does not continue the regular time aa before; there 
ia not much blood, but it flows during many days; tlio internal 
it for a few days, but is quite free from discharge. Anotlier 
variety as to the period : the first purgation ia at the regular 
time, but it occurs two or three Umcs during each month* 
Another variety : a continual flux; small, indeed, every day, 
but by no means small during the whole month; for the 
uterus never cloaca its mouth, labouring urtder relaxation, w 
as to permit the flow of the fluid : but if it neither intermila 
nor diminishes, they die of hemorrhage. The symptonu are, 
tlie woman's colour in dccordsncG with those of the discharge; 
de^leis, loathes food, anxious, relaxed, especially in the red 
flux, and subject to pains; the discharge fetid in both varieliea, 
but to a greater and less extent at different times; for the 
white is worse if the patrc&ietion be unusoally great; and 
sometimes tlie red, if the erosion be exacerbated. In a word, 
the black is the wont of all; the livid next; the pale, the 



white, and the punilent, arc more protracted, indeed, but l«n 
dangcrouf. Of these the pale is wonc indeed, but much 
bett«r when mixed with the cuitomary ditchargv. Now the 
ctittomiuy diKhargc is red in all ita varieties. But, indeed, 
the red are wone in old women ; but the white are not at all 
lo to the youag; but even to ihem that whii:h is customary it 
lea troublesome. Another white fiuor: the menatiual dis- 
charge white, acrid, and attended with an agreeable pruritus; 
along with which the dtschaige of a while tltick fluid, like 
Mmeo, ia provoked. This species we call female gouorrhoca. 
It is a lorrigeratioD of the womb, which therefore bccomea 
incapable of retaining its fluids; hence, ako,thc hlood changes 
to a white colour, for it has not the purple colour of fire. The 
Momnch, alao, is subject to the affection, and vomits phlegm; 
■ltd also the bowels are similarly affected in diarrhoea. 

Ulcor8,too,arc formed in the womb; some brood and attended 
with tingling, which, being cloec logclher, arc, ns it were, a 
eupeHicial excoriation; pus thick, without smell, scanty. Tlieee 
ulcers are mild. Hut there are others dccjK'r and worse than 
theao, in wliieh tlie pains arc rlight, pus somewhat more abun- 
dant, much more fetid, and yet, notwitlislanding, these also 
•re mild. But if they become deeper, and the lips of the 
•ores hard or rough, if there is a fetid ichor, and poin Mronger 
than in the former caw, the ulcer corrodes the uterus; but 
sometimes a small piece of flesh is cast off and disclinrged, oud 
this sore not coming to cicatrization, cither proves fatal after a 
long lime, or becomes very clironic. This sore gets the appel- 
lation t>C phayedana. The sores uleo are dangerous if in ihceo 
eases the pain gets exacerbated, and the woman becomes 
tmcasy. From the sore there is discharged a putrid matter, 
intolerable even to themselves; it is exasperated by touchinj^ 
and by medicines, and irritated by almost any mode of treat- 
ment. The veins in the uterus are swelled up with dittcndoa ; 
of the surrounding parts. To the skiUed, it is not diflicult to 



reoogUK hy the touch, for it ia not otberviae obvious. Febrile 
heM, gcncnl roctlcsBDcsa, and hardncn is prascnt, as in malig- 
nant disduct; the olcora, being of a fatal nature, obtain also 
^e apj>Gllution of cancers. Another cancer: no uWration 
RDjwhere, ivrclling hard and untractablc, which dittcn<l> tlie 
whole uterus; but iliere are pain* also in the other paru which 
it drugs to it. Both these carcinomatous sores are chronic and 
deadly; but the ulcerated is woreo than ihe uoulcerated, both 
in smell and paint, in life and in death. 

Sometimes the whole utcrtis has [irotruded from its scat, 
«nd lodged on tho woman's thighs ; an incredible affliction I jtt 
neither has the uterus not boi-n thus tccn, nor are the cansn 
which produce it such as do not occur. For the membranes 
which arc inverted into the flanks, being the nervous {tigamn*- 
/otu?) supporters of the ulcrns, arc relaxed; tho^c at the fundus, 
which arc inserted into the loins, arc narrow; but those at its 
neck, on each side to the flunks, are particularly nvrvou! and 
broad, like the tails of a sliip. All these, then, give way if 
the uterus protrude outwardly, wherefore \\i\t procidentia gene- 
rally proves fatal; for it takes place from abortion, great cOD* 
cuEsions, and laborious parturiuon. Or if it do not prove 
£ital, the women live for a long tlmo, Mcing parts which 
ought not to be seen, and nursing externslly and fondling the 
womb. It would appear that, of the double membrane of t)ie 
womb, the internal lining coat is sometiineii turn from the 
ooutiguous one, for tliere are two transverse pUces of the coat ; 
this, then, is thrown off with the flux, and in abortion and 
laborious parturition, when it adheres to the placenta. For if 
it bo forcibly pulled, the coat of the uterus being stretched, 

But if the woman du not die, it is cither restored to 

its scat, or but a small part appeai^ externally, for llic woman 
conceals it with her thight. Sometimes the mouth of the 
womb only, as far as the neck, protrudes, and retreats inwardly 
if the uterus be made to tinell to a fetid fumigiitioD ; and the 



voman slso attracts it if she smells to fragrant odoare. But 
hy the bands of the midvrifc it readily rclums inwards whoa 
gently pressed, and if anointed bcforcluuid with tlie emollient 
plactcn for tbc womb. 



AsTflRlTi? la a geneial pain of nil the joints; lliBt of tlie 
fcot we call Podagra; that of tlic hip-ji>int, Schiatica; that of 
the hand, Chiragra. Thv pain then is cither sudden, anNnffj 
from some temjiorary cause; or the disease lies conce 
for a long time, wheit the pain and the disease an kindled 
up by any slight cause. It is, in sliort, an aSection of all 
the nerves, if the ailmout being increased extend to all; the 
fir«t aficctcd arc the nerves which are the ligaments of the 
joint-!, and such as hare their origin and insertion in the 
bones. There is a graat wonder in regard to them; there is 
not the slightcrt pnin in them, although you should cut or 
Equet-'ze them; but if paineil of themselves, no other pain 
is stronger tlmn Uiis, not iron screws, nor cords, not the 
wound of a swDrd, nor burning fire, for these are otten had 
recourse to as cures for still greater pains; and if one cut 
them when they are pained, tlic smaller pain of tlie incinon 
is obscured by the greater ; and, if it prevail, tlicy experience 
pleasure in forgetting their former sufferings. The teetli uufcl 
bones arc affected thus. 

The true reason of this none but the gods indeed can truly 
understand, but men may know the probable cause. In » 
word, it is such as this; any part which is very compact is 
insennblc to the touch or to a wound, and bonce it is not 



painful to the touch or to a wound. For pain consuEt* in an 
execrated scrm, but wHiit is compact cannot l>e exnsperated, 
and h«nce is not euKcptibIc of pain. But a ftpongj' part i) 
very sensible, and is exaspe»t«d by an injury. But since 
dense parta also live by tlieir iiinat« heat, and posscas seo- 
sibiltty by this licat, if then the exciting cause be material, 
Buch as either a sword, or a stone, the material part of the 
patient is not pained, for it is dense by nature. Bat if au 
intcmpcramcnt of the innate heat *ciio it, there aiisea a 
change of the Fcnsc ; tho heat t)icrerore is pained by itself, 
being roiucd within by the iinpreision oa the iwnsc. The 
pains then are from nature's being increased, or a redundance 

Arthritis fixes itself somoUmes in one joint and somctimca 
in another; somcUmes in the hip-joints; and for the most part 
in these cases the patient remains lame in it; and the other 
joints it affects little, and sometimes does not go to the small 
joints, as the feet and hands. If it seizes the greater mcmbcn 
which are able to contain the diBeusc, it does not go beyond 
thcM origans; but if it begin from a small one, the attack is 
mild and unexpected. Tbe commencement of itobiatic 
disease is from the thigh bcliind, tlie ham, or the leg. Some* 
times the pain appears in the cotyloid cavity, and again ex* 
t«n<ls to the nati^s or loins, and has tbe appearance of anything 
rather than an affection of tbe bip-joint. • But the joints begin 
to bo affected in this way: pain seizes the great toe; then the 
forepart of the heel on which we lean; next it comes into the 
hollow of the foot, but the ankle swells last; and they blaine 
a wrong cause; some, the friction of a new shoe; others, a long 
walk; another again, a stroke or being trod upon; but no one 
will of his own accord tell tlie true one; and the true one 
appears incredible to the patients when they hear of it. On 
this account the disease gets In an incurable state, because at 
the commencement, when it is feeble, Uic pliysiciaa is not at 



luuid to contend wiih it ; but if it hu acquired •Irength from 
time, all treatment is usdeaa. In some, tlien, it remains in the 
jointa of the feet until death, but in others it spreads orer the 
compass of the whole bwlj. O^or the most part, it passes from 
the feet to the hands. For to the disease tlicre is no great 
interval between the hands and the feet, boih being of » 
simiUr nature, ilendcr, devoid of flesh, and very near the ex- 
ternat cold, but very far from the internal heaf^ next tlio 
«lbow and iho knee, and after these the bip-joint ; which is the 
transition to the muscles of the back and chest. \lt is incre- 
dible how far the mischief spreadsj]' The Tcrtcbrw of iha 
spine an*] neck are aHecled with the pnin, and it extends to 
the extremity of the os Eacrum : there is a general pain of all 
the parts of the groin, and a pain peculiar to each part thereof. 
<But likewise the tendons and muscles are intensely pained; tha 
muscles of the jaws and temples; llie kidneys, and the bladder 
next in eucccanon.i Ami, what a wonder! at last the nose, 
the cars, and the lips, sufFer; for every where there arc nerves 
and muscles. A certain person had pains in the sutures of 
the head, and not knowing why he was pained there, he 
pointed out the shapes of the sutures — Uie oblique, the straight, 
the transverse — both behind and before, and stated that the 
pain WHS narrow and fixed in the bones; for the disease ^reads J 
over every cominissure of the bones, in the same manner aa ' 
in the joints of a foot or of a band. ^Callosities also form in 
the joints; at H rat they resemble abscesses, but anerwMds thejr 
get more condensed, and the humour being condensed !■ 
difficult to dissolve ; at last they arc converted into hard, ' 
white tophi, and over the whole there are small tumoun, lifcu 
vari and larger; but the humour is thick, white, and like hail- 
stones. 7 For it is a cold disease of the whole (body), like hail ; 
and tlicre appears to be a ditference in regard to heat and 
cold; for in certain cases tliere is dclij^lit in things otherwise < 
disagreeable. But, I fancy, that the cause is » rcfngcratioa 




of the innate Itcat, and ihst the disease is single; but tf it 
epccdily give way, and Uie heat re-sppcars, there a need of re- 
frigcratioD and it delighta in such tilings; this is called the hot 
species. But if the pain remain iiiteniatly in tlic nervoi, and 
tliQ part not becoming heated subiiide, nor get swollen, [ 
would call this variety cold, for which there ia need of hot 
medicines to restore the heat, of which those very acrid are 
most necessary. For heat excites the collapsed ports to 
swelling, and calls forth the internal beat, when there is need 
of refrigerunls. In proof of this, the same things tie not 
always expedient in tlie same cases, fur what U beneficial at 
one time proves prejudicial in another; in a word, heat is 
required in the bc;;inning, and cold at the conclurioo. Wbere- 
fore^oitt does not oflen become unrcniiuing; but Eomotimcs it 
intermits a long time, for it is slight; hence a person subject 
to Gout has won the race in the Olympiac games during the 
interval of the disease. > 

Men then are more readily affected, but more slightly the 
women; women more rarely than men, hut more severely. 
For whiit is not usual nor cognate, if from necessity ii gets 
the better engenders a more violent ailment. The most 
common age is after thirty -li ve ; but sooner or slower according 
to the temperament and r^imen of every one. The puina 
then are dreadful, and tlie concomitants worse than the pains; 
fiiinUng even upon toach, inability of motion, loss of appetite, 
thirst, resllessnen. But, if tlicy recover partly, as If escapwi 
from death, they live dissolutely, are incontinent, opcn-h a uded, 
cheerful, munificent, and luxurious in diet; but partly, as if 
they would (not?) again escape from death, they enjoy the 
present life abundnntly. In many cases the goal has paacd 
into drop>y, and sometimes into usthma ; and from this sue- 
cession there is no escape. 





There arc mstny thingH in common utt to form, colour, eixe, 
uid mode of llfu bclwcen tlie aficcUon Elephaa and the wild 
bcftst th« elephant ; but neither docs the afTcction resemble 
R»y other afiection, nor the animnl tny other animal. The 
wild boa«t, the elephant, indeed, is very diSvicnt from all 
others ; in the first place then, lie in the greatest and the 
tliickest of animala; in taxa, he is as great as if joa were to 
put one animal on another, like a tower; in bulk, be is 
Urge aa if you should place several other very large animal 
ade by side. But neither in shape is lie much like unto any 
other. Then, as to colour, they aro all intensely block, antlf 
that over their whole body. One horse, indeed, is very white, 
like "the Tliriician steeds of Kliesus"; olhere while-footed, 
like "the white-footed hor»! of Menclaus"; and bay, like 
"one hundred and fifty"; others are tawny, as "osBuininj;; tho 
shape of a horse having a tawny maiie, be lay down with 
ber." And bo it is with oxen, and dogs, and all other reptiles 
and animals which lire on the earth. But elephants are only 
of a lurid colour, " like to night and death." With regard 
to shape, they have a very black head, and unseemly face of 
ho marked form, upon a smull neck, so that the head appears to 
rest upon the shoulders, and even then it is not very conspicuous. 
For the ears are large, broad, resembling wings, extending (o 
the collar-bone and breast-bone, so as to conceal the neck with. 
the ears, like ships with their sails. The elephant has wonder- 
fully white horns on a very dark body— others call them 
t<«tb — these alone are most white, «uch as is nothing else of 
even any other white animal; and these arc not above the 
forehead and temples, as is tlie nature of other homed 
animals, but in the mouth and upper jaw, not indeed quil« 



straiglit forwards but A little bcot upwards, so that it might 
■wallow in a straight dirvouon, and liil a load in its flat leeth. 
Moreover the horns are large, tlie medium length being as 
much as a fathom, and some much Urgur; Umt ia to say, aa 
long as two Gatboma. And the upper juw from ita lip hat a 
long, cx-oescous, crooked, and serpent-like [»rotuberanc«; and 
there are two perforations at the extremity of this protu- 
beranoe; and thew by nature arc perforated all the way to the 
lungs, so as to form a double tube, so thnt the animal uses this 
pipe aa a nostril for respiration, and likewise as a hand; for it 
could ukc a cup if it please with this protubcntnce, and 
can grasp it round and hold it firmly, and none could it 
uke by force from the animul, except another stronger 
elephant. And with this also it accks herbage for food; for 
neiilier does it live by eating flesh with its mouth and small 
teeth. For, its feet being long, raise the animal considerably 
above tlie ground; but its neck also, as I have said, ia small, 
and therefore it cannot browse on the earth with its mouth; 
and moreover the excrescence of the horns in front of tho 
mouth prevents the mouth from touching the hcrbaga. 
'Wherefore it raises a great load with its protuberance; then 
as if with a binder hnving hound the same with it, he can 
oonTCy it tb his mouth; whence the ancients properly call 
ilpntbottu, for it collects food in front of the animal. But 
neither ia it able to drink (rum a lake or river with its mouth, 
for tlie same reason. But, if it is thirsty, it introduces into the 
wnt«r the extreme noriril of the proboGcis, and then, as if 
inhaling, it draws in much water, instead of air; and when it 
has filled its nose, as it were a cup, it pours the same as • 
stream of water into its mouth, and then it draws anevr and 
discharges again, until it fills its belly, as it were a vessel of 
burden- It has a rough and very thick skin, containing 
fissures with prominent edges, long clianneb, and other 
hollow cleds, some transverse, otlieia oblique, vcjy deep, like 


017 THB cxvsB MSD eniPVMa 

in all reftpecb to & furrowed Geld. Otlwr muouIs hsrB na- 

Innlty hain ibr s inaoe, bat in Ote dephiat thia u nerd/ 
down. Then &re slao utDnmcnbte Mhisr. diScrcocca bctireeo 
it tad other knimftl«; for, like invi, it beads its 1^ badcwardj 
■t th« lam; aod like woman, it hu iu dngi at ibe ann-pitL] 
Bat there is no oeceflitjr for me now to write oooceming thai 
antmai, except in so &r as there is any disciepancy between 
the animal and the difessc, and ia so (kr aa the sjrnipbMns 
the patient resemble the nature of the animal. Tbe i 
h alao called Leo, oo aocoant of the resemblaace of the eye- 
brows, as I shall afterwards explain; and Safyritm, Enm dw 
redness of the checks, and the irresistible and shameless im- 
pobe ad eoitum. Moreover it is also called the UtrmeUiaK ^Seo- 
tion, insomuch as there b none greater aod stronger than 

Wherefore the afiectton t* nighty in power, for it is the 
most powerful of alt in taking life; and also it is fUthy and 
dreadful to behold, in all respects like the wild animal, ih« 
elephant. And from the diecaw there is no escape, for it 
originates in a deadly cause; it is a refrigeration of the innate 
heat, or rather a congelation like « groat winter, when the 
water is converted into snow, or hail, or ice, or frost. This ia 
the common cause of death, and of the aScction. 

But the commencement of the discoK gives no groat indica- 
tion of it; neither docs it appear as if any uniuoal atlnvcnt 
had oome upon the man; nor docs it display itself upon ihu 
sur&ce of tite body, »o that it might be immediately seen, and 
remedies applied at the oommenocment; but lurking among 
the bowels, like a concealed Gee it anoldcrs there, aod having 
prevailed over the internal parts, it afterwards biases forth on 
the surface, for Uic most part beginning, like a bad signal-Gre, 
on the fitce, as it wero its wateli-tower; but in certain 
cases from the joint of the elbow, the knee, and knuckles of 
the haoda and feet. In this way the patient's condition is 



hopelcfls, because the physician, from uuRention uid ignorance 
of the patient's ailment, docs not apply Iiin art to the ooin- 
RiGnccmeiit when the disease is very feeble. For, indeed, 
they are merely torpid, as if from some light cause, drowsy, 
inactive, dry in the bowels, and these syroptoRis are not rcry 
unusual eren in healthy persons. But upon the increase of 
the affection, the rc^inttion is fetid from the corruption within 
of the breath (jmeutna). The air, or something exU-rnal, would 
seem to bo the cause of this. Urine thick, muddy, like that 
of cattle; the di«tnbatIon of crudo undiftcsted food; and yet 
of these things there is no perception nor regard; for neither 
are ihcy aware whutlier or not they digest, thus digestion or 
indigestion it all one to them, since, for anything useful 
and proper to tliem, digestion is not usual with thctn. The 
di«tril>utioti, however, is easy, the disease, as it were, greedily 
attracting the food for its own nourishment; for this reason 
the lower belly is very dry. Tumours prominent, not con- 
tinuous with one another anywhere, hut thick and rough, and 
the intermediate space cracked, like the skin of the elephant. 
Veins enlarged, not from abundance of blood, but from thick- 
nen of the skin; and for no long time is the situation of them 
manifest, the whole surface being elevated equally in the 
swelling. The hairs on the whole body die prematurely, on 
the hands, the tliighs, the legf^, and again on the pubcs; scanty 
on tlie chin, and also the hairs on the head arc scarce. And 
still more frequently premature honrinvs^, and sudden baldness; 
in a very short time the pulics and chin naked of hair, or if 
a few hairs should remain, they mb more unseemly than 
where they are gone. Hie akin of the head deeply cracked; 
wrinkles frcc)uent, deep, rough; tumours on the iaoe hard, 
sharp; sometinicii white at the top, but more green at the 
base. Pulse sinuU, dull, languid, as if moved with diflSciilty 
through the mud; veins on the temples elevated, and also 
those under the tongue; bowels bilious; tongue roughened 




with tori, resembling luUstoiiee; Bot unusunl fur tlic whole 
fmitw to be full of such (and tliua also in unsound victims, tlia 
itc$li is full of theBe tubercles rcf«nibling hail). But if tlio 
aifcdion be much raised up from the parts within, anil appear 
upon the exlremitiee, lichens occur on the extremities of tbe 
fingers; there is [«uritus on the knec«, and the patients rub 
tile itchy parte with plvasuiv.' And the Uchtn sometimes 

' Our KUthor in this plnco evi- 
dently nlludea to m^Ua^a, a mn- 
ligtuuit diseoso of the fnco, very 
pRTvaleut iu lloiuu iii bis time, 
that a tu nay, towarda tbo uud 
«f the first and the begitiulng of 
th* mound oootur?. Tha ^rat 
deacription of it wbicbwoponcw, 
is contained in Iliny's iVnt. JiiA 
xivi., at the beginning, and is to 
the following ^Snot : That it waa 
ODO of the iidw diB««i9in uf th» 
facc^ whiuli at one tiuie had apreail 
over most parts of Eiiropo, but 
wufl tlieii mostly confined to Rome : 
That it hud b««ii callod by tho 
Qtmks, lieAm, but tbut latterly 
the Latin term mentagru had been 
applied to it, He Airthw asoerta, 
Uiat it was unlcnown in fonacr 
timai^ and made He first appoai^ 
ance in Italy during tho reiga of 
Tiberiua : that thu mnu of tho 
middle and lower cIuaBm, and 
more cepecialty women, were ex- 
empt from it, tho ravages of the 
diWMoe baiug confined principally 
to the nobility, amoug whom it 
was propagated by kissing. Ue 
adda nwptictiiig it, that it waa 
cured by cauEticH, the efToctc of 
wbioh often left unseemly ecara 
on the face. That the dlnvose hod 
eomo originally from Egj-^it, the 
mother of all auob distvmpeta. 

Another very intervHting ao- 
cotut of the di.-KituM!, under the 
namoa of tioAttt and men/n^po, is 
given by MaroislluK, th« Empiric, 
Iu I'hap. cxix., wh«reiu «lephan- 
ttaai^, lepra, and other inveterate 
diacaaoe of tho akin are doaoribod. 
He aay^ that the distemper (vi- 
tium) when neglected ia apt to 
aproad all over the face, and to 
eontaminate many iwrnona. lie 
preseribea varioua cauatic and ati- 
muliint apiilkationa for it. Along 
vfith it, he given u very good ac- 
count of ulephantiaaia, wlilcb, ba 
nsmarks, also geuerally begins lo 
the face with van and other ap- 
pnnranors, aimilnr to those do- 
p^criU^d by our author. He atatea 
decidedly that the disease ia 
oudomical in Egy^t, attacking not 
only the lowor raiik^ but even 
kings thomHelves. 

Now it ia worthy of remark, 
tbut hL'vond all quialian thia ia 
the diseivae to whiob fre<iuout al- 
lusion is made by the poet Mar^ 
tial as prevailing extensively in 
Rome, and as being propagated by 
the fashionable practice of per- 
Boos saluting one another, by kiw- 
iiifc', iu the Btreela. The following 
pawiages evidently allude to it — 
Epigr. xi, S S ; jii. 6lt, 

i'lom all these deecriptions, we 



oinbmc«3 the cliin all round; it reddens the checks, but ia 
ttUeodedwitlt no great iiwclling; eyes mUty, rcecmbling bronae; 
ejre-brows ptomiitcnt, thick, bald, inclining downvntrds, tumid 
from contniction of the intermediate ipnuc; ocJour livid or 
black; eje>lid, therefore, mucli retracted to cover the eyes, as 
in enraged lions; on thia aocount it is nnmed tetrntium. Where- 
fore it is not like to the lions and elephants only, but alra in 
the eye-lids " rescmhlea swift night." Nose, witli bluck protu- 
berances, ragged; prominence of the IJps thickened, but lower 
part livid; nose elongated; teeth not white indeed, but 
appearing to be eo under a dark body; cars red, black, 
contracted, resembling the elephant, so that they appear to 
have a greater size than usual ; ulcers upon the base of the 
cars, discharge of ichor, nilh pruritus; shrivelled all over the 
body with rough wrinkles; but likewise deep fistiures, like 
black furrows on the skin; and for this rctidon the diseoEC has 
got the name of tlepkca. Cracks on lh« feet and heels, as br 
as the middle of the toes: hut if tlic ailment still further 
increase, tlie tumours become ulcerated, so that on the checks. 

OUBOi ent«rt«in a doubt, thnt the 
dJMMe, thep so prevalent in Itomo, 
was of a malignant anil contagious 
nature, wbich attacked princijially 
the face, and wan projtiLgntcil by 
kisaing : aoil, furthur, that it wna 
a disease of tli« fume ulasH an Ae- 
phantin»in. Taking all these cir- 
ciUDstancca into acoounl, ooc may 
venture ta dooide prett; confi- 
deuUy, that it wna a diseium ukto 
to tbi» Siwtat of Scotliiud, whicli 
it Btrikinglf reaamblcs in all its 
<li«ract«rB aa described abova. 
SivMot, at short, ia a R|>eciM or 
variety of syphilis, which it readily 
communicated Ifotb by tbo mouth, 
aa in Iciaaing and p«r milum. Fur- 


tfaer, that Syphilis, and ita cougA- 
ner Siatttit, arc tbo brood of tba 
ancient dephantiai>u% no one at 
all acqiiunted with the history of 
the latter in utiaicnt, iae(liieviU,aD(t 
modarii tiiuea, will entertain a 
dotibt. See tha not« to l^lnhlS 
j^natA, t. ii^ 14, 12, 16, and ths 
Biitharitiu thciv referred to : alsc^ 
the Uintory of Sy|>biUs, as given 
in Sprcogi^ra and in Reuouard's 
Uintory of H(>diciua, 

The iinportanoo of thin Kiibjcct, 
which haHoovRr bran ntiflfnctorily 
ilhwtrateil elacwhore, will be my 
apologiy for euibnwicg the pr«iicut 
oijportunity of endeavouring to 
throw some additional light on it. 
11 2 



tDo^ Ecnua of &• 

■iB OV^ ■> H to wQp dC( ■MSB M 

■ tmt, Ak pR¥7patt^Md thewbol* 
fee As Hteatt don boC prmc tttal, k> is to nfiero 
the p***^* Don ft bn nfa cad draafu ■raangs, ratil fas 
hn bnn divided finb &on Enb. For it ii laBg-Gm). like 
tbc ssiawl, tfe yfaphurt Bvt if Uwre be « nddea pain of 
Uw limb*, it >ttKki nack nore gntraa d j, tfirmWng nnft- 
taan to iIm put, and aonalinn to UnL Appetite fi» faod 
BOt kntn; tHie iadttenauaete^ neilber (bed nor drink aflbmle 
ptnaore; mramoa to bH Utinga (ron « pwnfol ieetin^; strophjr; 
UbidiBoat deatra of « nbid nstoie; tponteiwwwa UesitBde; 
^ figoM of «Bcli of tbe limbi bcBT7, ud ev«n the nuD 
linb» an oppwJTe to tbc paticnL Uoieaver, ibe bodjr it 
offended with eraTthmg, takn ddigbt ncitber la betbs nor 
■bMiiwncc fiocn ibem, scitber in food nor in >brtiococ« firm 
it, ndthcr ia motioa nor in mt, ibr tbe dinne bn nte b lii b ej 
iledf ia all tbe pert*. Sl««p alight, irooe thsn tBK>nRK)leiiC7, 
frpn it« loDtuin; itrong ^rapDoea, niObcstion u if from 
■tnngling. In thti way ocriain patients bare paned from life, 
deeping ibo sleep which Icnowi no waking, ercn until death. 

When in such a slate, who would not flee; — who would 
not turn from them, even if a father, a bod, or a brother? 
There is danger, also, from the coniroDmcation of the ailment. 
Many, therefore, hare exposed their most bclored reUtirea in 
tbe wilderness, and on the mountains, some with the inleotioo 
of administering to their hunger, but others not so, as wiahiD|f 
tliem to die. Thvic iit a story that one of those who had come 
to the wUdcmeM, haring seen a viper erccp out of the earth, 
compelled bjr hunger, or wearied out with the aOection, u if 
to exchange one evil for another, ate the viper alive, and did 
not die until all his members hod become putrid and dropped 



off: tmi that another poison eaw a riper creep into a cask of 
ncvr wino, an<] afW drinking of the same to catiety, vomit it 
up, and discharge a great d«al of iU venom along with the 
new wine; but when the viper was iTnothcrcd id the new 
wine, that the man drank of it largely and greedily, seeking 
thus to obtain a rescue from life and the disease; but when he 
had carried the drinking to satiety and intoxication, he lay 
down on the ground, at lirxt as if about to die; but when ho 
awoke from his sleep and intoxication, fir«t of all his hair fi;ll 
off, next the (ingcrs and oaila, and all tlie parta melted away in 
succession. But as the power was still in die »emen, nature 
formed the man again, as if from the act of generation: it 
made other hairs to grow, and made new nails and clean flesh, 
and put off the old skin, like the slough of a reptile; and 
he was called back, like another new man, to a growth of 
life. Thus goes the fable; not very probable, indeed, nor yet 
entirely incredible; for that one ill should bo overcome by 
another is crcdiblv. And that from the existing sjmrk naturo 
•hould renew the man, b not so incredible as to be held to bo 
a prodigy. 









Tbe Cube or FHasinTics 


Taa Cdbe or LBTHARans 


Thz Cckx or Uaiubudb 


Thb Cuek 0? Apoplbxt 


Thb Curb of thi Pasoxtbk of Efilxfst 


The CniiK of Tbtanub . 


The Curb of Qniifflinr . 


The Curb op Aptbctwonb of thk Vrati. 

. 7IIL 

Tax Cd&k of PBnLKNTiAL AmcnosB of thi 

Faucis .... 


ThB CdBM of PLFUEISt . . . . 




ox TUB 



The remedies of acute diseases are connected with the form 
of tlio symptoms, certain of which have been described by me 
in tlic preceding works. Whatever, therefore, relates to the 
cure of fevers, according to their difference*, the form of the 
diacitses, and the varieties in them, the greatci part of these will 
be treated of in my discourses od fevers. But acute affections 
which are accompanied with fcven, such ns Phronitis, or thoeo 
without fevers, as Apoplexy, of these alone will I now write; 
and that I may not commit bhinders, or become diffuse by 
treating of t)ie jume matters in diflerent place*, the beginning 
and end correspond to tltc same in tlie work ou the affections. 





TiiF. pntjent ought to be Laid in a liouso of niocl«rat« size, nnd 
mild temperature — in a warm eituation, if winter, and in ooo 
that is cool and humid, if summer; in spring and aniumn, to 
be regulated according u> the season. Then the patient hiinaelf) 
and all those in the house, arc to be on:lcrtt<] to prewrve quiet; 
toi persons in phronsy arc sharp of hearing, are aeneitire to 
noise, and easily become delirious. The walls should be smootli, 
level, without piojections, not adorned with fiioie' or paintings; 
for painting on a wall is an excitant. And, moreover, thoy 
catch at ccrtiun false appearances before their eyes, and gropo 
about things which arc not projecting, as if they were so; and 
any unreal occasion may be a cavee suflicicnt to make tSieia 
nusc their hands. Leugth and breadth of the couch moderate, 
so that the patient may neither toss about in a broad one, nor 
fall out of a narrow bed. In plain bedclothes, so tltat there 
may be no inducement to pick at their nap. But on a soft 
bed, for a hard one is oficnsave to the nerves; as in phrenitica, 
above all others, the ncr%-cs especially sufTcr, for they arc subject 
to convulsions. Access of tlicir dearest friends is to be per- 
mitted; stories and conversadon not of an exciting cliaiacicT; 
for they ought to be gratified in everything, especially in cases 
where the delirium tends to anger. Wliether iliey arc to bo 
laid in darkness or in light must bo determined by the nature 
«f the attack; for if they arc exasperated by the light, and 

■ The Gre«k word Sx"" vcould 
oppcar to have boeu ftppliod like 
/riex in English, l>oth to the nap 
on woollen cloth, ami in arcliitec- 
ture, to onuiniootN of Hciilptiire on 
a llul fuoe. Our author «videitUy 
usee it io the latter sense ; but I 

suspect th« trannlntors fitQ to r»- 
oognJBo it. For tho former maan- 
ing, se« Eroiiau, aiid Ffiea (£0. 
Hippocr. Modem leiiM>gta{>h«n 
60 not seem acquainted with UUa 
use of tho term. Sec Liddnl and 
Scott's; aoil Dunbar'a Lexioono. 



eec things vlikh exist noL, and rcjinstent to lltemsch'cs things 
not present, or confound one thing with another, or if strange 
images obtrude thcmeelTcs upon them; and, in a word, if they 
ftro frightened at the Hght, and the things in the light, darkness 
must be chosen; but if not, the opposite state. It is a good 
symptom, too, w)ien ihc^ become of a sound mind, and their 
delirium abates, on exposure to the light. Abstinence from 
fcod sJiouUl not be prolonged; food should bo rather liquid, 
eqiuily, and frequently administered, for food EooUies the soul: 
Hie proper time for giving it is during the remissions, both of 
the feror and of the delirium. But if they have become 
delirious from want of ftwd, and if the fever do not. remit, wo 
arc to give food that doc9 not do much harm in fever. It is a 
tiivourable circumstance, when the fever and the delirium agree 
both OS lo the paroxysms and intermisrions. 

If, therefore, the time for the administering of food be come, 
in the first place, it must be enquired whether it be necessary 
to abstract blood. If, then, the delirium have come on with 
fever at the commencement, in the first or second day, it will 
be proper to open a vein at the elbow, especially tlie middle. 
But if the delirium supervene on the third or fourth day, we 
are to open a vein up to the lirst period of criticnl days. But 
if it was past the proper time for bleeding, on the sixth or 
Mventh day, it will bo proper to evacuate conuderabty before 
the crises in acute diseases, either by giving purgaUvc medi- 
cines, or by using other etimulonta. But when opening a 
vein you muiit not abstract much, even if you open tlie vein 
at the commencement; for phrenitis is an ailment easily con- 
vertible into syncope. But if the patient be plethoric and 
youthful, and if the ailment be connected with fulness in 
esting and drinking, those indications have nothing lo do with 
the phrenitJs; for even without the delirium, it would be proper 
lo abstract much blood in »uch circumstances; but much lean 
is to bo abstracted, if such persona labour under phrcnitis. 



But ve may open k vein the inorG boldly in these cascs, if the 
diMBW proceed from the pnccordla, and not froin the head; for 
there {in the pncooKlta) is the origin of life. Bat the Head is 
tlie seat of aenution, and of the origin of the nenree; and it 
BltiacU more blood bom the heart than It imparts to the 
othera. If it therefore eufTcr, it ii not proper to open the vein 
at the elbow; for thcM affccttons arc such that it is no nnall 
injury to evacuate in ihcm. And if the strength be lufGuent 
to withstand the evacuation, we must abstmct only once, lept 
daring the interval between the acts of evacuation, the proper 
•esison for food be lost. The fevers, in coses of plirenilis, ara 
of A continual typo, neither have they long iDtcimisnonat 
but experience sliort and ill-marked remissions. But if the 
patient give way before a sufiicicnt quantity has been ab- 
stracted, it rau£t be put off until another rcmisnon, unices it 
occur at a distant period; but, if not, having resuscitated tho 
patient by o<1uurs, stroking the face, and pricking the feet, wo 
are immeiliiit«iy to abtrlmct blood. The measure of sufficiency 
is the strength. 

, Liquid food is proper in alt febrile diseases, but especially tn 
phrenitic cases, for these are more arid than mere fevers;. The 
mulse is to be given, unless they are bilious, for it is indigest- 
ible in parents who are subject to bitter bile. Atica* washed 
with water, or muUc, is a good thing; also it is good to give 
pottAges of a plain kind, such as decoctions of savory, of para- 
ley, or of dill, for these arc bcnvlieial to tlic respiration, and 
are diuretic, and a free discharge of urine is beneficial in 
phrenetics. All kinds of pot-herbs, especially melons, for their 
glutca is good fui lubricating tho tongue, the trachea, and for 

* As this torra is of CKqueiit 
oootirrcnoo in tho works uf our 
author, as in those of llippocratea, 
it maj b» proper to nifutiou, odm 
for nil, that ths }(6v6poi of the 

Qreelu and the a/ioa of the Romans 
was the specios of graiu called S]>elt 
^7VilicumSptlta)\}To\t.eii down Into 
rough granulM ; that is to say, It 
wsa coarsdly ground SptJt. 




tltc alrtnc e^-acufttions ; but the hett of all uebeet, bUt«, cTeas, 
goun] in svaaon, snd wkntcrcr else ii best in its own season. 
The juioc of ptiran in a very lit^iiid state, and containing little 
nourishment, is most proper at tirst, being made always thicker 
as the diiea»c progreHes. But the cjuantity of nourishment is 
to be diminished at the crises, and a little before them. And, 
if the disease be protracted, the customary food must not bo 
abstncled, but we roust give nourisliing articles from tho 
eoreals, in order to support the patient; and irhen timro is need, 
of the flesh of the extremities of beasts and fowls, mostly dis- 
solved in the sou]»: these ought to be completely dissolved 
during ilie process of boiling. The roclc linhcs Krc prcfejublo 
to all others;' but on tlie whole we must choose the best in 
the country, for countries ara believed to difier as to the kinds 
offish which are best in them. Fruit containiDg wine must 
be given lestrictedly, for it is apt to afTcct the head and pra&> 
cordia; but tf required by tiic state of the strength and of 
the stomach, we must give such articles as apples boiled la 
mulse or loftsted in suet. Of other things, each is to be diluted 
with hot water, if you give it solely for the refreshment of the 
stomach; but if it is wanted also for strength, yon must not 
dilute the vinous part much. In a word, the food must be 
such as I have described. 

For the sake of refrigenition, the head is to be damped with 
the oil of the unripe olive pounded ; for in phrenitics the head 
is not fond of being kept warm. But if restlessness and false 
visions be present, wc must mix equal part* of rose-oil at Gret; 
and the rose-oil is to be increased for the astringing and cool- 
ing of the head. But if they become disordered in under- 
standing, and their voice change, the liair {eapillaiy leava?) of 
the wild thyme must he boiled in oils, or tlio juice of ivy or 


* All tho Grask and Arabian 
authorities on diot«Uca bold, that 
flshse caught among rocks are patw 

ticulkrlj eiccUent. 
JCgiocta, t. L p.lfiO. 

Sm Paulus 



of knot-grass is also to be tnliiscd. But if the delirium get 
more violeni, hog'»-fcnn«l and oow-parsDip arc to be boiled ia 
the oils, and some vinvgnr pouiv<l in; for these things dissipate 
the vapours and hcut, and are eulvents of the thick humouia 
which contribul« to tlio delirium. But eare must be taken 
that the moist application do not extend to the neck and the 
teodorw, for it is prejudicial to tendons and nerves. Ercr^rj 
■eaaon is suitable for the damp application, except the com- 
menccinent of a paroxysm; it should be used more ntel} 
during the increase, but mo9t frequently at the acme; and 
whenever tliey are delirious, then, in particular, it will b»j 
proper to use a cold application, made adll more cold in th«l 
•eaaon of eammor, but in winter tepid. To soothe tlie delirium 
it is well to foment the forchi^d with oxycisto, or the decoc- 
tion of fleahane, by means of a sponge, and then to anoint 
with the oil of wild vino or of aaSron, and also to anoint the 
nose and ears with them. 

Tlicsc things, moreover, also induce sleep. For if they lay 
awake nil night, nor sleep cUiring the day, and the eye* stand 
quite fixed like horns^ and the patients toss about and start up, ! 
we must contrive to procure sleep and rest for them; firrt, by 
foinentation.i to the head, with unmixed rose-oil, or oil of 
marjoram with the juice of ivy, or the decoction of wild tiiyino 
or of melilot. But poppy boiled in oil is particularly soporifto 
when applied lo the fontenelle of tlie head, or witli a sponge 
to the forehead. But the poppies, if recently plucked and 
grocn, may be applied whole under the pillows; for they' 
Uiicken and humectate the spirit [jmfuma), which ia diy and 
attenuated, and <liffii»c over the senses fumes which prove the 
com menecment of sleep. But if greater applications arc needed, 
wo may rub in tlie meconium [eTprtsted juict of poppy) itadf 
on the forehead with water, and also anoint the nostrils with 
the same, and pour it into the cars. Gentle rubbing of iho 
feet with oil, patting of the head, and particularly ttroking of 

OF ACUnnrinASBS.— ]KX)K I. 


the Umples snd can ia an eSTecttuil means; for hj the stiokin^ 
of iheir ears and temples wild beoslA are overcome, so a« to 
cesse ftota ibeic anger and fury.* But whatever is Ikmiliar to 
any one is to hira a provocative of sleep. Thus, to the sailor, 
repose in a boat, and being carried about on the sea, the 
toanil of tlie beach, the mannur of the waves, the boom of 
the winds, and the scent of the sea and of the ship. But to 
the mnsiciaa the accustomed notes of his flute in stillness; or 
pUyiog <ya the haq) or lyre, or the exercise of muncnl chil- 
dren with song. To a teacher, intcrconrsc with the tattle of 
children. Diflcrent persons are soothed to-slecp by different 

To tlie hypochondria and region of the stomach, if distended 
by inflammation, hardness, and flatuloDce, embrocations and 
cataplofms are to be applied, with the addiuon of the oil of tJte 
ovcT-ripc olive, for it is thick, viscid, and calefucieiit; it tliere- 
fore is required in inflammation: let dill or flea-bane be boiled 
in it, and it ti a good thing to mix all together; but if fUtu- 
lenoe be present also, the fruits of cumin and parsley, and 
whatever other things are diuretic and carminative, along 
witli sifted natron, are to be Bpriolded on the applicatiuu. 
But if tlie liver experience suifering and pain, apply unwashed 
wool just taken from the ewe, oil from the unripe olive, or 
rose-oil; but we must mix also Hellenic or Cretan rob, and 
boil in it melilot, and mixing all these things into one juice, 
foiDtrnt the liver therewitti. To the spleen the oil must be 


■ This paesage enrovin much of luagnoticnl miiuipulAtion. The fol- 
lowing vorsos of Solon have bran quut«l as rafcrriug to tli« same 
subject: — 

*AXXni nniirot no^vfiapfiaiiiHi Ipyov 7;|(0iirrr 

HoXXiiri ff «'i oX/yiji &iivi)S itiya •flyvrrm SKyn, 

KoCii iTr ric Aii<ratr' fnio ipipiutta Am/i' 
T^ In Mxait foinBtat Kwcafitvor afiytiKiait tt 

A^iuwes X"P'"'' 'N"* ^'^''' >7>4- 



mixed witli vm«g«r; or if it ihouM appear to be cnkrged ia 
balk, oxyaaXc, Mid invtcad of the wool a soft 8pong«; for the 
apleen delights in nnd is rcliwcd by such things. But if tho 
hypochonilrin he oollnpwd and retnotcd upwaidi, and tho 
skin be streldiod, it will be best instead of tho oil, or along 
with it, to use thick hotter in equal quantity, and let flcabvi: 
and roecmary be boiled in the decoction, aud dill is not ' 

But if it be the proper time for cataplasms, we may otc thel 
same oils to the mine places, the ingrodicnts of the catapiaami 
being linseod, fenngreck, orlincbarley-moal; beans and Tctche 
also, are proper if the abdomen be swelled. Boasted niillc 
also, in bags, makes a light and soft fomentation; wlwn ground 
it makes, along with honey, oil, anil linseed, an excellent cat 
plasm for tlie hvpocliondrin. Also let the some flowcn, ber 
and seeds which I have described among the cmhrocationa 
used for the cataplosma. Honey, also, ii useful along with 
these things, to give consistency to the dry Uiings, and for tb« 
mixing of the toasted things, and for the preservation of the 
heat; it is a good thing, likewise, by itself; also a cata^ 
half-boiled, and an embrocation disBolTcd in some of the 
liquids, is effectual as an emollient, calefacient, caiminative, 
and diuretic, and to moderate the inflammations. These 
effects are produced also by mulse when drunk, and even 
more and greater cfTccU when conveyed internally to the 
trachea, the lungs, tlic thorax, and the stomach. 

The bowels, also, are to be frequently stimulated by Kupp<v- 
eitories or liniments (for tliey are generally constipated), in 
order to act aa derivatives from the head, and also for the 
c\'sporation of the vapoura in the chest, and for the eraeuation 
of the matters in the belly; but, if the bcJIy be confined for 
several days, it must be opened by a clyster of mulse, oil, and 

But if the distension of the inilammation do not properly 



Fubsido, we must «pp)y a cupping-iiHtrunacnt with fcarifi- 
cators wlicre the inflammation points and is gicateat, on tHc 
fint or socond A»y, according as the inflamed parts may Judi- 
cata, and the itrength direct; and from those die amount of 
the eracuatioa of the blnod tniut be determined, for excess 
occasions syncope. During the Gnt and second day the 
fomcQlalion should be the same; but, on the third, cerate with 
some of the oils used in the embrocations is to be applied: 
then, if they be still in a state of inflammation, epithemea, 
coDsisbng of hyssop, fenugreek boiled in muUe, the rean of 
the tur[)enlinc plant, and wax; the oils the same for these 
places. If by thew means the ilelirium do not at all abate, it 
wiU be neeeiiMry to have rccourac to cropping of the head, 
provided the hairs be very long, to the extent of one half; 
but, if shorter, down to tho akin: then, in the meantime 
having recruited the strength, to apply a cupping- instrument 
to the vertex, and abstract blood. But dry-cupping is first to 
be applied to tlie back. 

But since in all the acute di9>ca*cs the chest mu.^t be reme- 
died, this part generally suHering with llie heart and lungs, 
more espedally from the difliculty of the respiration, whicli is 
sometime* hot, at other times cold ; and, moreover, from ardent 
ferer, cough, badness of the humours, and sympathy of the 
nerves, and complaint of the stomach, and illness of the pleura 
and of t)ie diaphragm (for the heart, if it mflcr fiom any dread' 
fill iUnesB, never recovers), — in caMS of phn^tiitis these parte in 
particular mu^t be soollied. l-'or, indeed, the delirium in certain 
cases arises from some of the parts in the chest; respiration hot 
and dry; thirst acrid; febrile heat not easily endured, as being 
determined from all parts to the chest; and illness from the per- 
vernon of its native heat, but greater and more intolcmblc Uie 
communication of the same from the other parts to the chest: 
for the extremities are cold — the head, the fuet, and the 
Iwnds; but, above these last, the chest. It is to be remedied, 

C c 


tbeo, by humecUtion unii rerrigcnition. For tnthing, oti 
boilod with camomile or nard; in kummer, bIso, Hellenic rob. 
But if it bo necMirjr alao to apply epithemes, dates oMMfltene 
with aii8t«r(! inne, then lerigawd and pounded into a mass with 
naid, barley meul, and floiror of the wild vine, form a soothing 
Gataplasm for the chest: a cooling one is foilhed of apples 
bniifod with masticb and moUlot; all ihew things, however, arttJ 
to bo mixed up with wax and naid. But if the stomach b» 
sflcctaxl with torpor and loathing of food, the jutco or luur of 
wonn-wood arc mixed up with them; and the hypochondriao 
r^ton is to be fomented with this boiled up is oil. The 
infitnon or the juioe of it may be drunk before food to the 
amount of two oupfuls of the infuuon, or ooe cupful of the 
bitter juioe with two cupfuls of wster. But if the Etomach 
be afiected with hearibum, not from the constitution of ths 
disease, but of iteelf from acrid and saltiah humours, or from 
being pinched with bile, or from being parched with thirat, we 
must girc in the food milk mixed with water to tho amounti 
of half a hemina of milk in one cupful of water; the patient 
shotdd swallow the most of it, but he may take a small poitioa 
of it with bread. 

But if the pMieot be also aflccted with Caosas, and theio be 
thirst, restlessnesa, mania, and a denro of cold water, wc nurt 
give less of it than in a case of Cauwus without phrenitia, for 
vo most take care lest we injure the ncrrca; wc ars to give 
them as much as will prove a remedy ibr the atomwdi, and ■ 
little is sufficient, for phrcnitics an Spare drinkon. 

But if converted into syncope, and [hta also hapjwns (the 
powets of life being loosened, the patient being melted itt 
sweet, and all tho humours being determined outwardly, the 
Bti«ngtli and spirit (pn^ana) being also dissolved), we must die- 
regard the delirium, and be upon oar guard lest the patient ba 
resolved into vapoora and humidity. Then the only support 
it wino, to nourish quickly by its substance, and to pcnetiste 



sfWfwfaerc, ewn to the extrvmitics; to luld toRfi to tone, to 
roase tlie torpid spirit (jmnnna), warm that which is cold, 
brace what is relaxed, rcsiniin those portions which itre flowing 
ftnd running ouiwurds, wine being sweet to tlic scntc* of smcU 
M ss to import pl«asurc; powerful to confirm the stiength for 
life; and most excellent to aouihe the mind in delirium. Wine, 
when drunk, accomplislies all theee good purposes; for they 
become composed by the Booihing of their minds, are spon- 
tancousl/ nourished to strength, and are inspired witli 

But when the lever Kns become protracted and feeble, and 
the delirium la conrcrtcd into (htiiity, but the hypochon- 
drium id not much injured by swelling, llatulence, or hard* 
aea, and the head is the part pnncipully affected, we muat 
boldly wash the head, and practise copious afl^siona on it; for 
thus will the habit of body be moistened, the respiration of tlie 
head and exhalation over the whole body will be restored; 
) and thux will that which is dry become diluted, and the sense 
puriHcd of its mist, while the understanding remains sound 
and fimi. These, indeed, are the ladications of the removal 
of the dijeosc. 



LExnABOics are to bo lud in tlie light, and exposed to the 
rays of the son (for the disease b gloom); and in a rather 
ann place, for the cause is a congelation of the innate heat. 
A soft couch, paintings on the wall, bed-clothes of various 
colours, and alt things which will provoke the sense of sight; 
conversation, friction along with squeezing of the feet, pulling, 
tickling. If deep sleep prevail, shouting aloud, angry re* 

c G 2 



proaob, threaU tegaiding those ituttcn which he is «c«u»> 
tomed to dread, announcement of tliose things which he 
desiiea and cxpecto. Everything to prevent sleep — the rere 
of th»t which in proper for phreniticA. 

With rcgnrd to the depletion of lethargies this should be 
known :~-If Llie obliviousDess be the sequela of another disease, 
such as phrenitia, wo must not open a vein, nor make a great 
evftcuation of blood in any way, but inject tliu belly, not 
solely for the evacuation of its content*, but in order to pro- 
duce re vul.ii on from above, and to determine from the head: 
there should be a good deal of salts and natron in it, and it 
answers very well if you odd a sprinkling of castor to the 
clyster; for in lethargies the lower intestine is cold, and dead, 
«8 it were, to evacuation. But, if the Icthar^ is not the cob 
sequence of another disease, but is the original ufiection, an^ 
if the patient appear to be plethoric, provided it be with blc 
wc must open a vein at the elbow; but, if with a wat 
phlegm, or odier humours, we must purge by meuns of cneoros' 
with the ptisan, or by black hellebore with honeyed- water, in 
the beginning, if you wish to do so moderately; but if to a 
greater extent, you must give to the patient when fasting of the 
medicine called Hlcra, to the extent of two drams with throo 
cupfuls of honeyed- water; and, having waited unUl it purges, 
then give food, if it be the proper season; but otherwise 
nourishment is to be given the next day. It will be EeaEOn> 
able then to give in the evening a dram of the hiera, dissolved 
cither in two cupfuls of wat«r or of honeyed-water. 

Total abstinence fiy)m food is bad, as is also much food. It 
is proper, then, to administer a little food every day, but not 
to withdraw food altogether; for the stomach to be reminded 
of its duties and fomented, as it were, during the whole day. 
Also the food must be attcnuant and laxative, rather in the 
form of soupe than roasted, such as hens or shelt-Geh; and the 
' Daphne Cn««nu& L. 



herb in«Tcury if to be boiled with tt, and some vinegAr added. 
Aud we may add to the juices, if it be propt-r to use tbe juice 
of ptisan, somnthing to promote exhalation and tbc diKharge 
oT urine, such afi fennel, parsley — the pot-herbs themselves, or 
their fruila, Horehound, ul*o, by its acrid qualities, does good; 
and likewise colewort with oil, and the brine of Gah (ffanan). 
The Bweet cumin is a most excellent medicine for the llatu- 
lenoe and urine; (or the etomnch and bladder are to be stimu- 
lated during tlie whole time of the disease. 

The moist uppIicntionH to the head the sumc as in tbc case 
of pbreiiitics; for in both tlie senses are tilled with vapours, 
which must either bo expelled by refrigerants and astringonta, 
euch as the oil of roses or the juice of ivy, or dissipated iuto 
oxbaUtion by attenuants, such as wild thyme in vinegar, with 
the rose-oil. But if there be pa!n of the nerves, and coldnCM of 
the whole body, but more especially of tlte extremities, we 
must beeinear and bathe the liead and neck with castor and 
oil of dill, and anoint the spine with the same along with 
Sicyonian oil, the oil of must, or old oil; at the same time, we 
must rub both the arms from tbc shoulders aud both the legs 
from the groins. With these, moreorer, the bladder is to be 
•oothc'd, which suffers, aa being of a nervous nature, and is 
atreswd lun being the }iass;ige for the urine; nnd aUu is irritated 
by the acrimony of the humours, for the urine is bilious. But 
if llie trcmliling increase, and there be danger of a convulsion, 
we must necessarily use Sieyoniaii oil to the head, hut use it 
in small quantity. But if there be inflammation of the hypo- 
chondria, and fulness thereof, flatulence, and tension of the 
skin, or if there be a hollow there from retraction inwards of 
the hy{<ochondria, wc must apply the embrocations and catap- 
Iciims, described by us under Phrenitics. 

The cupping-instrument is by no moans to be used if the 
di»casc be the consequence of phrcnitis, but this may be don« 
more boldly if it be the original disease. If the tongue be 



bUck, and a nrdling point ia th« hypochondria, the eupfnog- 
insUunvcnt miut nccvnarily be used. Mlicn in the course of 
tijne th« aenfca liave been evacuated, and the patient is other* 
viae nioie tolerant of the disease, we nuiy apply the cupt»ng-^ 
instrument to tlie top of the head, eiac« wc can evacuate (rom ' 
it without injurj to the strength. 

Flatulenc« is to be expcllod both npwardt and downwards; 
fat lethargy producea oollectiona of flatua botlt in the oaritus 
and in th« whole frame^ from inaetiritj, torpor, aw) want of 
spirit, which motion and wntchfulncn di^itipatc; wherefore, 
having nibbed up green rtic with honey and natron, we anoint 
tltcjTwith; it will cx[)cl the wind more efiix-tually if one part, 
of the rcein of turpentine be added to these thtugs. A ibmen> 
tation also will cxjiel flutua, dther with hot uDwafbed wool, 
or with rough old raga, or a sponge with water in which hyssop, 
marjoram, penny-royal, or rue, have been boiled. The poDMis' 
bI«o which are taken before food expel flatus, and these also 
bring away phlegm and bile in the stomach and bowels; such 
are hyssop, boiled inulsc, Cretan dictamny, or marjoram : i 
maiden-hair and agrostJs* are acrid, but poseccscd of cxpulsivo 
qualities, for indeed they evacuate flatus and urine. 

If there be trembling of the hands and head, ho may take 
a draught, consisting of castor with three cupfuls of honeyed'* . 
water, for some dap; or if he will not drink thin, wo may' 
melt down the castor in a sufBcicnt quantity of oil, wherein 
riM bac been boiled, to tlie amount of three cupfuls; and • 
double amount of this is to be injected int^i t}ic lower bowel, 
and is lo be repeated for several days; and aller the benefit 
derived from it (for it brings off flatus upwards and down- 
wards, and, in certain cases, urine and fscee), if it should 

* Propamala, or whets. Soe 
Fanlua jl-^Dnta, roL iii. p. M4. 
Tktj oarronponil to the Liyiutir* 
of tbo pnMwnt liAy, but wero ta- 

ken at the begiuning of a f«ast. ' 
Comp. Ilorat S«t, ii. 4, U. 24— i7. 
• rrobobl; tbo Trilieum repau. 



be diSuati'l orer th« whole ■ystem in any wny, the ncirce 
i«cover (nm lltcir tremblings and become Hrong, and it 
changes the lubit of body to Uie hot and dry, and altera the 
ooDftilutioDB of diseaaee. It is also m very excellent thing to 
blow it into the nostrils, for in this way it expcU flatulence by 
weezingi for as the bladder •ecrclcs urine, so doee the noee 
tnucnis. It efii.-cts thcM tliingt by ita gentle heat, in which re- 
spect it is miperlor to the other rtemulatorit!*, pepper, hellebore, 
soap- wort, and euphorbium ; for these things, botli at their first 
and Ust impieesion are harsh.and disorder the head and the sense, 
whereas castor gradually creates a gentle heat. To the head 
it is also otherwise *uitahle, because the nerve* everywhere 
derive thnr origin from it; and castor is a remedy for the 
diseases of the nerves; but to mix it with some one or more 
of the medirinen described will not be duugreeable, for if it 
be mixed, it will not immediately disorder the head, even in 
a moderate degree, but af^r icdme it will stir up the heat. 

The nose is to be moistened by tickling; by odours acrid 
indeed to iho fcaee, but possessed of heating powerSi snch as 
the castor itself, or savory, or pennyroyal, or thyme, cither 
in • grocn state, or in a dried, moistened well with vinegar. 

Anointing with acrid mec^tncs is proper to the feet and 
lucca. The materiel thereof should be heating and pungent 
by degiccii; fur there is need of botli in cases of letliargy to 
induce warmth and watchfulness. In the first place, it is 
proper to whip the limbs with the nettles, fur the down 
thereof sticking to tlie skin does not endure long, but imparts 
no disagreeable tingling and pain; it also moderately stimu- 
lates, induces swelling, and provokes heat. But if you desire 
to have these effects produced more powerfully, rub in equsl 
parts of lenmeatis* and euphorbium, with oil of must. It is 

• An effloreiwance ooUeotLof; 
about reeda in salt lakot. Tho 
same as aiipKif, lor whiob soe 

the Appendix to Dnnbat^ Greek 

ij/tlfi THERAPKCnCS 

■bct' O ill ^ good thing to rub with ntw squill palvcriiod; but 
it is ueceasaiy to rub off tlie oily matter of the iimb (ft»r 
everything acrid loses ita Btimulant properliw with oil) — 
unless it be medicinal — either the oil of privet, or that 
of must, or the Sicyontan. But if after these thiiiga & deep 
ooma prevftil, it will be pn^r, hnvin^ pntincU-d the wild 
euoumbcr with vintgur, and mixed it with mi equal <)uanUt^' 
of a eoke of mustdrd, to apply this na un acrid cataplsttn, 
and one which will speedily oocasion re<lness, and will alao 
quickly produce swelling. liut if there be danger of blitter- 
ing and of wounds, it will be proper to raiee tlie cataplasm 
frequently, and see tJiat none of these effects bo produced. 
These tilings, therefore, are to be done to relieve the torp 
and iosenfiibility of tlie parts at all seasons, except at tho^ 
commencement of the paxoxysiDS. 

But if the patient have already recovered his sensibility, 
bat tfacro b eiHI some hcavinefs*of the head, noise, or ringing 
thereof, it will be proper to evacuate phlegm by the mouth, 
first by giving mastich to cliew, so that he may constantly 
Bpit, then again stavesacre, the granum cnidtum,* but mor 
especially iiiustnrd, because it is a common article, and ols 
bccauw it is more of a phlcgmagogiie than the other*. Anc 
if the patient drink it willingly, it will be cufhcicnt to disM>lT4 
the matters in the stomach, it will aim bo oblc to moiitcn the 
stomach and expel flatulence; fur lhi» once fortunately hap- 
pened to myself in the case of a man who drank it by my 
dirocti<Misi for experience is a good teacher, one ought, then, 
to try expciimonts, for too much caution is ignorance. 

The head, then, after the hair has been clipped to the dcin, 
if much good is not thereby nccomplislicd, is to be shaven to 
procure insensible pcrapinition, and also to allow the anointing 
with acrid medicines, such as that from Icmncslis (or adarce). 

PtobMy the trait of tli« JivpAne onuliun. 


or tluipsia,' or rnustard moistened with water; these things, 
with douhio th« <{UAnlity of bread, arc to be rubbed on mn old 
pieoe of «k!n, and sppliiKl to the head, taking good care nl the 
expiry of an hour to foment the parts witli hot sponges. 

It will also not be devoid of utility, wlien all, or most at 
least, of the fatal symptoms of the disuse are gone, but tbe 
languor rcm&ins, to bathe; and then also gesMtion, fiictioai 
tnd all gentle motion will be bencGcial. 



In tnK''SlKB, indeed, if Mamamutt prevail, we must remedy 
it by quickly having recourse to die batli and to exercises. 
And truly milk is a remedy of marasmus by nouriehiiig, 
warming, moistening the stomach, and eoothing the bladder. 
Worijorcr, the same means aro bencGcial in cases of caloeiuu, 
for the form of these diseasco is alike and tho same. Castor, 
then, is more particularly proper in these com-s, and most 
particularly soothing, whether to drink, to anoint with, or to 
inject into the bowel. The affections similar to these which 
happen to women from the uterus, will be treated of among 
female diseases. 

* nap*ia Car^^Mico Z, a spe- editora in tUinking tliat this chap- 
dcH of doBiIly carrot. tor in merely a portion o[ the 

> I Bgroo with the proooding last one. 





.... sKo»I<] in(l««il t1i« apoplexy be •erere, for by bU 
means the patients ar«, u it were, dead men whenever one U 
old, to whom this afiecuon is cODgenial, and tltey cannot 
Rurvive the greatness of the ilLoeas, combined with the misery 
of advanced life. It hii£ been formerly stated by mc, how tlie 
magnitude of the discaK is to be osUmated. If the patient 
young, and the attack of apoplexy weak, it is still no 
matlCT to effect a cure; it must, howcrcr, be uttempled. TTie 
equivulvnt remedy, then, as being the great aaaistanee in n, 
a great disease, is veucsection, provided there be no mistakal 
as to quantity; but the amount is difficult to determine, rince 
if you take a little too much, you despatch the patient at 
once; for to them a little blood U most potent, as being that 
whi<^ imparts the vital heat to the frame itself, and to the 
feod. But, if the quantity be inferior to the cause, you do 
little good with this ' the great remedy, for Uic cause Hill 
lemains. But it is belter to err on the ndc of BmullneM; for, 
if it sliould Bcein to have been dcHcient, and Uie appearance 
of the eyes, as seen from below, be Ijivouruble, we can open a 
vein again. We roust open tlie vein at the hollow of the 
elbow, for the blood Hows readily from it in t]ie left arm. 
But in smaller attacks of apoplexy, it is neccesaiy to conndet 
whether the paralytic seizure be on the left side or the right. , 
In a word, the abstraction ts to bo made &om the healthy 
parts, for tltcrv the blood flows more freely, and thither the 
revuUitin is made from the porta aflccted. When, therefore, 
the ptttient is seized with apoplexy without any obvious cauw, 
we should decide thus concerning the abotraction of the Uood. 
But if the attack happen &om a blow, a bU from a high plaoe, 





or compression, there must be no pTocraAiiutioii, for in oerUun 
COMS this alone u sufficient for the cure and to nvo life. 

But if it is Dot thought expedient to open a vdn, owing to 
the patient's haviog been seized with much coldness, torpor, 
und inscmtibility, an injection must be given for the evncuation 
of the engorgement in the bowels (for very gcncndly persona 
are seised with apoplexy from the immoderate uk of food and 
wine), and for ihe revuldon of the humours seated in the head. 
The clyster should be acrid; and an cvacuant of phlegm and 
bile, consisting not only of natmn, but aUo of cuphorbium, to 
the amount of three oboli, added to the uHunl amount of a 
clyster, aim the modullary part of the wild cucumber, 
or tlio decoction of the hair (^Uavts) of centaury in oil oi 
water. The following it a very excellent clyvter: To the 
usual amount of honey add me boiled wiih oi! luid the resin 
of the turpen^nc tree, and 6otae salts, instead of natron, and 
the decoction of hyssop. 

And if by these means the patient be somewhat aroused, 
either from being moved by the supervention of fcvcra, or 
having recovered frotn his insctisihility, or the pulse has 
become good, or if the general appearance of tlie face has 
become favourable, one may entertain good ho[>cii, and apply 
the reiiiodii's more boldly. Wherefore, when the strength is 
confirmed, the purgullve hiera may be given to the patient 
fasting, and particularly a full dose. But, if ihe strength be an 
objection, it is to be given, to the amount of onc-hnlf, with 
honeyed -water. And wo arc to move him about, after having 
laid biin stretched on a couch; and those who carry him must 
do BO gently, he being allowed to rest Irequently, to avoid in* 
ducing lassitude And if there be a copious evacuation from 
the bowels, we are to perniit it; but if not, give water, or 
lioneyed-water, to the amount of two cupfula, for drink. And 
if nausea supervene upon the purging, wo are not to interfere 
with it; for the exertions of the body have some tendency to 



nntEcitatc the patient, and the Tomiting of the bile camca off 
tbo cauM of the cll»ciuc. The medicine liiera is a purgcr of 
the senses, of the head, and of the nerves. Enough, indeed, 
has be«D said respecting evacuation of evet^ kind at th« 
commencemen t. 

But having wrapped the whole of his person in wool, we 
me to soak it with some oil — the Sicj^ontsn, oil of mask 
(pleueinum), or old oi\, cither each of thc»c teporatcly, or all 
mixed together; but it is best to mdt into it a little wax, bo 
OS to bring it to the tbicknees of wntmentn; and it is to be ren- 
dered more powerful by adding some nairon and pepper: tliese 
arc to be reduced to a pow<ler, and stiaiDed in a sieve. Gut 
castor has great efficacy in cascs of paby, both in the form of 
a liniment with some of the fore-mentioned oil*,'aDd it is ttill 
more potent when talcrn in a draught with boneyed'watcr, the 
quantity being to the amount we have stated under letluugtn; 
but, at the same time, we must conttidi-r the ugCDndditpoMiion 
of llie pauent, whether he be ready to take the drink for scrcra] 
duya. Inunctions are more poweiful tluin fontvntaitons, as 
being more easily home, and also more eflieacious; for the 
ointment does not run down so as to stain the bed-clothes (for 
this is dingrccablo to the patient), and adheres to the body 
until, being melted by the heal thcieof, it i» dnmk up. llore> 
over, the pct^istcnce of their effects is beneliciid, whereas liquid 
applications run off. The ingredients of the ointments are 
Buch tts have been stated by me; hut along with them castor, 
the resin of the turpentine-tree, equal parts of euphorbium, of 
Icmneflis, and of pellitory; of pepper, and of galbannm one- 
half, with triple the amount of Egyptian natron; and of wax, 
•o as to bring it to a liquid consistence. But a much more 
complex mode of preparing these medicines has been described 
by me on \'ftrtous occariont, and under a particular head. 
CaUplasms arc to be applied to the hardened and distended 
parts; their ingredients are Unseed, fenugreek, bnrley-meal, oil 




in which me or dill has been boiled, the root of mallows 
pounded and boiled ia hon^yed-wator, so as to become of th« 
oonxiotmco of wax. They should be of a sofl and agreeable 
oonsiBienoe. These things arc to be done if the patient ttill 
retnuina free of fever, or if the fevei be slight, in which ciuo 
no regard need be had to the heat. 

Bat if the fcvcre be of an acute nature, and the trenuuninjf 
dtaease appear to bo of iniDor consequence, and if these induce 
urgent danger, the diet and the rest of the treatment must be 
aocotn modeled to them. Wherefore, the patients must uso 
food oltogellier Ught and of easy digestion; and now, most 
especially, attention ought to be paid to the proper season fur 
eating, and, during the paroxysms, the whole of the remedial 
means must be reduced ; and, altogether, wc must attend to 
(lie ferers. 

But if tlie disease be protracted, and if the head be at GiuU, 
we must apply the cupping-instrument to the beck of llio head, 
and abstract blood uosparingly; for it is more efficacious than 
phlebotomy, and docs not reduce the strength. But, dry- 
cupping is to be first applied between the shoulders, ia oid«r 
to produce revulsion of the matters in the occiput. 

Sometimes, also, the parte concerned in dvgtulition are 
paralysed, which ia the sole help and safely of pcnons in 
apoplexy, both for the swallowing of food and for the trans- 
mission of medicines. For not only Is there danger of want 
of nourishment and hunger, but also of cough, difficulty of 
breathing, and suffocation; for if one pour any liquid food 
into the mouth it passes into the trachea, neither die tonuls 
coming together for the protiunon of the food, nor the epi- 
glottis occupying its proper scat where it is placed by nature, 
aa the cover of the windpipe; we must, therefore, pour 
honeyed-water or the strained pttsan into a piece of bread re- 
sembling a long sjtoon, and pasnng it over the trachea, poor 
its contents into the stomach; &>t in this way degluutioo is 


BtUl accompUdkod. But if the patient be in the extremitj of 
danger, and the neck with the respiration is coinpreated, we 
must nib the nock imi chin with beating things and foment. 
They cfTcct nothing, and are unskilful in the art, who apply 
the cupping-iiititrumcnt to the throat, in oid«r to dilate tlio 
gultet; for distension, in otder to procure the admiiaion oT 
(bod, is not what is wanted, but contraction of the parts fot 
tlie purpoace of di^lutition. But Uic cupping-instjiunent 
distends fuTtber; and, if the patient wi^ih to swallow, it pre- 
rents him by its expansion and rerulsipo, whereas it is ncoo*- 
aarjr to pass into a state of collapse, in order to aoconiplish ibe 
oontraoiion of deglutition; and in addition to these, it stufls 
the trachea so as to endanger aaSbcation. And neither, if 
you place it on cither side of the windpipe, doee it any good; 
for muscles and nerves, and tendons and Tcins, are in front 
of it. 

The bladder and the loose portion of the rectum ate eome- 
timea paralysed, in regard to their cxpttl^w powers, when tlte 
bowel* are constantly filled with the excrements, and ibe 
bladder is swelled to a great sixe. But sotnebmes they are 
affected as to their retentive powers, (or the diaoharges run 
away as if from dead ports. In thia case one must not boldly 
use the inatrument, the catheter, for there is danger of in- 
duoing violent pun of the bladder, and of occamoning a oon. 
TuUaon in the patient It is better to inject with no great 
amount of strained ptisan; and if the bowel be evacuated of 
the ikccs, it will be proper to inject castor with olL But the 
sole hope, both of general and partial attacks of paralysis, 
oonnsta in the tilt bath of oil. The manner of it will be 
described under the chronic diseawa. 




£t£N the Snrt fall in epilepsy is dangerous, if the diaefeW 
Btttck in an acute form ; for it has sometimes proved £iial ia 
one day. The periodical paroxysma are alao dapgerons; and, 
therefore, on these aocounta, epilcpiiy has been described among 
the acute discuses. But if the patient has become habituated 
to the iUncss, und the didease hna taken a Grm hold of him, it 
has become not only chronic, but, in certain cases, perpetual; 
ior if it pBW the prime of life, it clings to him in old age and 
in dc«tfa. 

Such remedies, then, as are applicable in the chronic atata 
will be described among the chrunic diEcases; but such thinga 
sa must be done for a sudden attack of the diseaae, of these 
the greater number Iiave been described under apopUrc^ca, 
namely, vciHsectioit, clysters, anointings, the cupping instru< 

l-Bient; these means being the most powerful for the purpose of 
arounng. But 1 will now describe the peculiar remedies for 
an attack of the falling eicknces. In children, then, to whom, 
owing to dyspepsia, or Irom excetsivc cold, the disease is 

tfiimiliur, vomiting, either of food, or of phlegm, or of any 
other humour, is beneficiaL Feathen, then, dipped in the 
ointment of iris, excite vomiting-, and the unguentum irinum 
is not inapplicable for smearing the tonsiU with. But having 
6rst laid the child on his bclty (this is tlie enaicat position fcv 
vomiting), we must press gently on his lower belly. But if 
the lower jaw be convulsed or distorted, or if the bands and 
legs be tossed about, and if the whole face be fixed, the limbs 
are to be soothed by gentle rubbing with oil, and the dis- 
tortions of the countenance rectified; the straight ptatt are to 
be gently bound, bo that they may not become diiitort«(l. The 



cold parts arc to be fomented wild unscourvd vool, or with 
old nigs. Tiie luiua u to be mbbed with honey Klong witli 
the oil of nie, or with natron and liquid resin a.\oag witli tkcae 
things; and th«y are to be gently pushed within the anus, for 
they expel flatus, and children pass flatus In this disease. But 
if they can swallow, wo nwy girc them of this medicine: Of 
cardamom, one part; of copper, one siliqua. These things 
ore to be drunk with honey ed>wat4tr; for eitliur it is vomited 
up along with th« matter annoying the stomach, or the bowda 
are opened. This is a very excellent Linctus: Of cudamorD, of 
mustard, and of the hair of hyssop equal paru; of the root of 
iris, oDC psil, with a double quantity of natron; of pepper, to 
the amotint of ono-thlrd. Having mixed up all these things 
together, and having soparntcd the jaw, pour into lite movlli, 
luid even beyond ilie tonsils, to lital tlie things may bo swal- 
lowed. 'I1ie»e tilings are proper lor inlants, and for young 
persons tliu same are applicable. But the more powerful 
emetics are to be taken: the bulbous root of narcissus; of 
mustard and of hyssop, equal parts; of copper and pepper, 
one-half the proportion of the former tilings. They are to be 
mixed with honey and given. These things are proper, ia 
order to rouse from the paroxysm; but Uiose calculated to 
produce the resolution of the disease will be decctibed under 
the chronic diseases. 



Kow, indeed, a soft, comfortable, smooth, commodious, and 
warm bod is required; for the nerves become unyielding, hard, 
and distended by the disease; and also the skin, being dry 



«od rough, is slretched; andUu:cyc-li<ia, formerly so mobile, can 
aearoely wink; the eyes ate fixed an<] turned inwards; and like- 
wbe Um joints are contracted, not yielding to extension. Let 
the houae abo be i» a tepid condition; but, if in the summer 
eoaaon, not to the extent of inducing sweats or fitintacsB; for 
the disease has a tendency to syncope We mUHt also not 
hesitate in having recourse to tJie other great remedies; for it 
ia Dot a time for procraslinntion. Wlicthcr, then, the tetanus 
bu come on from refrigeration, without any manifest cause, 
or whether from a wound, or from abortion in a woman, wc 
mint open the vein at the elbow, taking eepeciol care with 
respect to the binding of the arm, that it be rather loose; and 
as to the incinon, that tt be performed in a gentle and expe- 
ditious manner, as tlicac things provoke spasms; and take away 
a moderate quantity at Itrst, yet not so as to induce fainting 
and coldness. And the ptitii-nt must not be kept in a state of 
total abstinence from food, for famine is frigid and arid. 
Wherefore wc must administer thick honeyed-water without 
<lilution, and strained ptisan with honey. For these things do 
not prc9B upon the tonsils, ra as to occasion pain; and, more- 
over, they are soil to the gullet, and are easily swallowed, ore 
laxative of the belly, and very much calculated to eupport 
the strength. But the whole body is to be wrapped in wool 
soaked in oil of must or of (uffron, in which either rosemary, 

[ileabane, or wormwood has been boiled. AH the articles aio 
U) he possessed of heuting properties, and hot to the touch. 
We miiat rub with a liniment composed of Icmnestis, eu- 
phorbtum, natron, and pellitory, and to theee a good deal of 

, «anor is to be added. The tendons also are to be well wrapped 
in wool, and the ports about the ears and chin rubbed with 
liniments; fer thew parts, in particular, suSer dreadfully, and 
arc affected with tennon. Warm fomentations, also, are to be 

I used for the tendons and bladder, these being applied in bags 
containing toasted millet, or in the bladders of cattle half 



filled wiA warm oil, so ihiil they may lay bro«d on llie 
fomented parte. Necessity sometimes oompela xa to foment 
the hciul, a practice not i^reeable to the senses, bat good for 
the nvrvct; (or, by nUing vapours, it fills the sciuca with 
fume, but rclaxe.i the non-ous puts. It b proper, tlivn, to use 
a mode of fomentation tlic aal«At possible, aud mateiials not of 
a very heavy smell; and the materials should conitst of oil 
devoid of smell, boilod in a double veecel,* and applied in 
bladdera; or of line aatte in a bag: for millet and linseed are 
pkoMnt indeed to the touch, but gascoue, nod of an offensive 
ancll. The pnticnt having bcrcn laid on his back, the fomen- 
tations arc to be spread below the tendons, as far as the ver[«x ; 
but we muEt not ndvance further to the bregma, for it is the 
common scat of nil fcn;>ntion, and of all remedial and noxious 
means it is the starting-point. But if it be neocsMry to apply 
cata[>lasms to the tvndons, it must be done below the Occiput; 
for if placed higher, they will Gil the head with the ttcam of 
the linseed and fenugreek. After the cataplasms, it is a good 
thing to apply the otipping-instrumeut to the occiput on both 
tides of the spine; but one must be sparing in the use of beat, 
for the prcamre of the lips of the instrument is thus painful, 
and excite* contractions. It is better, then, to suck slowly 
and sofUy, rather than snddeuly in a short time-, for thus the 
part in which you wi«h to make the incision will be swelled 
up without pain. Your rule in regard to the proper amount 
of blood must be the strength. These axe the remedies of 
tetaouH without wounds. 

But if the Hpasm be connected with a wound, it is dangor- 

■ A doubl« Toosel wan a umallnr 
r(iB*eI, to wlii<di heat was apptiod 
l>y pWiug 11 La a la^r. It <nu 
oallud ttatiuHtm maruw bjr tho al' 
cbcmiaU. It ia frci|ticutlf made 
mention ot in tho vurka of tlw 

ancirat writers on pbamacv. Sm^ 
in particular, Gain, mc.iac.Tii. Si 
Do Sanittuondiv.B; Uoth. Ucd. 
vitLA; Dioaoarid.ii.SA; Oribotuua 
Meth Hed.vm.R, and the learned 
note of Daremtwrg. 



oiw, and little is to be liopcHJ. Wc mu*t try to remedy it, 
however, tot Mine persons have been nved even in such coipcs. 
In aHditiun to the other remedies, wv miu4 aI«o treat th« 
woitnds with the cnklaoient things formerly ilcjcribcd by me, 
by fomentations, cattaplaums, and Mich other medicines a«cxcito 
gentle he*t, and will ermie much pus: for in tetanus the 
aores arc dry. I^t the appiieatinn consist of the mMina of 
frankincense, and of the hulr o( polcy, and of the resins of 
turpCDline and pine-trees, and of the root of marsh-tnallow and 
of rue, and of the herb flcabane. The«e things are to be 
mixcti up with the catApIavras, melting some of ihem, eprin- 
k!ing the others upon them, and Icvignting others beforehand 
witti oil; but thu mullovr, having been pounded, is to he boiled 
beforehand in honeyed-water. We are to sprinkle, alno, some 
castor on the ulcer, for no Ultlc warmth is thereby commu- 
nicated to the whole body, because the rigors proc(M;ding from 
the soiea arc of a bad kind. Rub the noslriU witli castor 
along with oil of saffron; bat also give it frequently, in tho 
form of a draught, to the amount of three oboli. But if the 
stomach reject this, give intermediately of the rgot of siiphium 
an equal do»c to the castor, or of myrrh the half of tho sii- 
phium: all these things are to be drunk with honeyed-water, 
itut if there be a good supply of tho juice of the siiphium 
from Cyrene,' wrap it, to the amount of a tare, in boiled honey, 
and g^re to swallow. It is best given in this way, as it slip« 
unperccivcd through the palate; for it is acrid, and occanons 
diMgrceable eructations, being a nubsumce which has a bad 
smell. Hut if it cannot be swallowed thus, it must be jdven 
dissolved in lioneyed- water; for it is the most powerful of all 
the medicines given to be swallowed, which are naturally 

■ I would romind the |>n>fe«' grew oopiouslj in the region of 
nonnl reader, thut tho (^rooMc Cjnw, 8«e Paulus j£^inela|8fd. 
ail^ihium wan a superior kind of Socl Edit., t.iii.337. 
oMU-fatiUa, which at one tlmo 

1> 1) 2 



Tbbbb src two Ebnn* of qmaaej. The oae b tttended wilb 
IwM, md gnu iwflwnnwtooa of the loosila, nd swcUn^ on* 
winOjr ; monorw, the loago^ umU, and all tbe pene ifaee^ 
are laiied up into a BwcDuig. The other is a coDspee of dMBe 
put*, and oompratMosi iswanllr, with greater eense of su&bca- 
ttoni, so that the mflnmnution appears to be detcrmiDed to the 
heart. In it, then, particuUriy, we must make haite to appljj 
our rcmedice, (or it qtuclcly piurcs EitaL 

If, then, it proceed froto taking too maeh food and wtne, 
«c muA inject the bowelt on the day of the attack, and that 
with two clyaten : the one a cominoa clyster, ao aa to bring off 
tbe feculent matters; and the other for tbe purpose of pro- 
ducing revuhion of tbe humours from the tonak and eitetL 



It will therefore be, but not undiluted and the 

dccoctiooa of ocntauiy and hyssop; for these medicinos also 
bring off phlegm. And if the patient has been on a re«trictvd 
diet, we open the vein at the elbow, and make a larger ineision 
than iistui, that the blood may flow with itnpcUio»ity and in 
largo quantity; for such a Sow is BufGcicnt to initigute the 
heat most apcedilj, is able to relieve the •tranguktjon, and 
rcfiuoc all the buil Bymptonid. It is no bad practice, likewise, 
l<j bring the patient almoHt to fuinting, and yet not so as that 
he flhouM fiiint ftltogcther, for lomc from tlie shock have died 

of the fainting or binding them with ligatures 

«boro the ankles and knees. It is a very good thing, like- 
wise, to apply ligatures to the forearms above the wrists, and 
above the forearms to the arms. And if deglutition be easy, we 
arc to ^ve oUterium with honeyed -water, and tlie whey of 
milk, OS much as will be euflieient to purge the patient. In 
these cases, elntcrium is preferable to all otlter cathartics; but 
eaeoros and mustard are also suitable, for both these purge die 
bowels. If the inflammAtionii do not yield to these means, 
having bent tlie tongue back to the roof of the mouth, we 
open the reins in it ; and if the blood Sow freely and oo- 
piouiily, it proves more eETectua) than all other means. Liquid 
applications to the indamed parts, at first of an astringent 
nature, bo as to difpcl the moibid matters: unwashed wool, 
then, with hysfop, moistened in wine, and the oiiitmmt from 
the unripe olive. But the cataplasms are similar to the liquid ap- 
plications, — dates soaked in wine, and levigated with rose-leaves. 
But in order tlmt the cataplasm may be rendered glutinous 
and sofl, let Hour or linseed, and honey and oil be added, to 
produce the admixture of all the ingredients. But if it turn 
to a suppuration, we arc to use hot thing:<, such ns those used 
in the other form of synanche. Let fenugreek be the powder, 
and manna and resin the substances which are melted; aD<l let 
the hair of poley bo sprinkled on it, and a hot fomentation 



be made witli spongca of the dccociion of the fruit of the bay 
ttnd of hjMop. And tlic powderwl dung of pigeon* or of dog«, 
sifted in a sievt, in most vliicaciotis in prodiiging suppuration, 
irhea eprinkled on the cAtapUsm. As garglea, Iwoeycd- 
water, wiili the decoction of dri«d lentil, or of hyssop, or of 
rocc«, or of dates, oi of all togetlier. We are aW to tmvitr tlie 
whole tnouth, aa fur as the internal fauces, either with SiinpW, 
auch as the juice of roulberric^, or the water of pounded pome- 
gnuiuteai, or the decoction of dates; or witli Compound prepa- 
rations, such as that from mulberries, or tbat from besuta,* or 
that from the juic« of pomegranates, and Umt from swallowB. 
Bat if the ulcers proceed from eschars, thcM gargles, and 
washea for llic mouth, tlic decoction of hyMop in honeyed- 
water, or of fitt ligs in water, and along with tliem starch dia- 
Bolved in honeyed-wAtcr, or the jnicfi of pttsan, or of tragus 

But in t)ic species of synanche attended with collapse, wo are 
to make a general determination from within outwardly, of the 
fluids, oi' tliu warmt]t, nod of all the fleali, eo that the whole may 
swell out. Let the liquid uppUcadons tlien be of a hot nature, 
with rue and dill, natron being sprinkled upon them ; aod along 
with them the catapla£ins formerly mentioned. It is a good thing 
also to apply a cerate with natron and mustard for inducing heat; 
forhfatdeterminedoutwardlyis the cure of such oomplainte; and 
thus swelling ukes place in tlio nock, and an external swelling 
itscucs from peripneumonia; but in cases of aynanuhe, the evil 
whvu inwardly is of a fatal nature. But those who, in ontcr to 
gtiard against euffoc»tion in quinwy, make an incision in tbi 
trachea for the breathing, do not appear to m« to have proved^ 
the practicability of the Uiing by actual experiment; for th« 
heat of tlie tnfljimmation b increased by the wound, and thus 
contributes to the eutfocation and cough. And, moreover, if 
by any means they should escape tlie danger, Uie lip« of the 
' The wild ruo, or Ptgrntum hamaia. See DiMOoriilo^iii.46. 



«oui)<! 4)0 not coikvce; for they ue both ctttilaginoui, mA 
not of a nature to unite.* * » « • • 

* * « * * 


core of the apfb<mom8 about tuk columella (ob 


Of ihc afloctions which form about the cohttwUa, same reqtiiro 
to be treated by cxci«on; but the surgical treatment of audi 
casea doea not come within the design of this work. Some 
arc to be treated aa acut« aBcctions; for some of th«m readily 
prove Ifttal by Ruflbcation and dyspnoea. Tlieao are the dt»- 
eaMs which we call Noa and columeila; for both are attended 
with inflammation and incrense in thickness and length, so 
that the parts hnng <lDwn, and come into the arteria atpem. 
The eohtmna \* of equul thickncia from the base to the extre- 
mity in the palate: the utu is of unequal thickness; foritsbaao 
at the patnic is slonilcr, whereas at its extremity it is rounded 
and thick, with redness and lividity, whence it gets the appel- 
lation of una. I'hese, tlien, mujt be speedily relieved; for the 
deatit from eufibcatioa iavery speedy. 

If, then, the patients be young, we must open the vein at the 
elbow, and evacuate copiously by a larger iiieieion than usual; 

* On the Aucieut Hiiitoty of 
LaiTngotom;, aw Pkulus £^Deta, 
t-ii., pp.301— 303, Sjd-Soc. Edit 
I wnuld avail myMtfof tho prcsoiit 
a|tportuiut7 of briugittg into th« 
aotioe of my loamod tciuicra th« 
vurjooouratc and dcgoiit edition of 

tliH Sixth Book of F^ulua Jvgioeta, 
lately puljlished In Pkris by Dr. 
R<Sn6 Brian. As rvgarda tho text, 
it is avcrything that could bo d»- 
iiirad; and tho traunlatioo wbioh 
aoeompaniuB it is ^uaerally oor> 



for sach an abstraction freos on« from sufibcation, at it were, 
from strangulation. It is uooeaaaj, also, to inject with a inilJ 
cljstcr, but afterwards with Ml acrid one, nff%iit and again^ 
until one has drawn from the parta above by roviilnon; ani 
let ligatures be applied to tbe extremities above the ankk 
and kneos, and abow the wri^t^ ani] forcamiB to the arina 
Bat if the sufibcation be urgent, we must apply a cuppiufj 
instrument to the occiput and to the thorax, witli some i 
fications, and also do everything described by me under 
ajrnanclic; for the mode of death is the same in botli. We 
must also use tlie same medicines u> the moutli, both astrin- 
gents and emollients, with fomentation of tlie external parts, 
cataplasms, and liniments to the mouth. For the forms named 
columella and «tv, as an astringent medicine take the juice o£j 
pomegranate, acacia dissolved in honey or water, hypocisdi 
Sainiasr Lemnian, or Sinopic earth, and the inspissated juice 
of sour grapes. But if the diseased part be ulcerated, gum 
end stardi moistcued in the decoction of roses or of dates, and 
the juico of ptisan or of spelt (tragus). But in txhimelltt let 
there be more of the stronger medicines, from myrrh, ooctus,' 
and cyperus;' for Uic columella endures these acrid sabrtaooo& 
But should the part suppurate, in certain cnscs even the iKmea 
of tlie palate have become diseased, and the patients have 
died, wasted by a protracted consumption. The remedies of 
thete will be described elsewhere. 

■ ^tii^ctitcftR(7o«(ujZi.ScePsulus 

* C^ipenu rvtuTtda* /,. 
PauluB £(,'iiieta, t~ iii. p. £04. 






Ik K>in« retpccts, the trcatinent of theae is the same as that of th« 
other afiiicttoRs in the tonsils, and in some peculiar. In infliun- 
mation and xuflbottion, the remedica are clystetB, Teaesoction, 
liquid np[ilicationg, cataplasms, fomentation, ligatures, cupping; 
and all these are applicable h«re. But anointing with more potent 
niedicinn l* proper; for tlic ulcers do not stop, nor do eschars 
form oil the mirtiicv. But if a sanioi from them run inwsrdly, 
the parts, even if before in a healtliy stale, very i«x>n becomo 
ulcerated, and very soon the ulcers spread inwardly, and prove 
fiitftl. It might be benendal to burn the affecUon with Gro, 
but it \a uusuittthle owing to the isthmus. But wo mu»t u»e 
modicince resembling fire to stop the spreading and also ibr 
the felling off of the eschars : these arc alum, gall, the fiowcrs 
of the wild pomegranate, either in a dried state or with 
honeyed-water. And the same medicines may be blown in 
by means of a reed, or quill, or a thick and long tube, so tliat 
tlie raodicincs may touch the sores. The best of these medi- 
cines is calcined chalcitis,' wilh carltniu^ triturated in vinegar. 
Let thera be » double proportion of the cadmia, and of the 
root of rhubarb, wilh some fluid. It is necessaiy, however, to 
guard against tlicir pressure, for the ulcers thus get moist and 
spread &rther. We must, therefore, sprinkle them in « dry 
Btotc with A quill. But the liquid medicines, having been 
much diluted, are to be injected upon the columella. But if 
the eschars be already loosened, and the ulcers boooma red, 

< Native Sulphate of Copper. 
So« I'wiluB .^giiMta, t iU. pp. 401, 

* Oalamino. Sm Paolua ^^* 
B«ta, t. iii. p. ISO. 



there is thon mort danger of convubioii; for genentlly tho 
ulcers »n dried up, and thereby tonic contractiona of the 
ncrres arc induced. It a neceanry then to soften and moisten 
by means of miJIc, with starch, and the juice of ptisan, or of 
tragus, or linseed, or the seed of fenugreek. In certAin cases 
also the uvula has been eaten down to the bone of the 
pulate and the tonsils to their boso and epiglottis; and in 
consequence of tlie Bore, the patient could neither swallow 
anytliing solid nor liquid ; but the drink regurgitating has cat 
him oil' by starvation. 



In caae« of PlcHrisy there is no time for procrastination, nor 
for pultin;^ ofT the groat reuicdy. For the fever, being very 
acute, hastens to a &tal termination; the pain aiso of the 
gucdngens hurriee on to the worse; and moreover ouugha which 
agitate tlic clicst uud head cxhuust the powers. Wherefore 
then, on the selt'aaine day we niust by all iiieand open a rein. 
But if it be in connection with repletion of food and drink, 
having kept the patient fasting for one day, we arc to abftiact 
blood from the vein in tJie hollow of tlie elbow, in a line 
with the opposite side, (for it is better to take it from a very 
great distance] ; but not to the extent of deliqiiium animi, 
for tliere is danger of Peripneumonia supervening if the body, 
being congealed, should leave Uie soul; fur the fluids rutJi in- 
ward when deprived of their external heat and tension. For the 
I.tings arc of loose texture, hot, and possessed of strong powers 
of attraction; the lungs also are th« neighbours of tlic ribe, 



and tlieir aseociatea in suSbrlng; and thta 8ucc«»ioD of dis- 
eaw is not readily recovered from; wtcrcaa in Plcuriti* from 
Peripneumonia, recover; re&dily takes place, this conibmntion 
boiiig milder. It is noctassry, therefore, after a modirrate 
flow of blood, to recruit th« paticot for a timt.-, and afternarda 
abstract again; if matters go on well, the tame day, provided 
the remiesioQ belong; butifnot, on Uicday following. But if 
tliere b no reiniaaion of the fever (for generally the fever 
prevuiU and increases for one day), we are to abstract blood 
tlie third day during the second remission, when aUo food ia 
to be given — sfler having anointed the patient freely, having 
also applied to the side soU oU with the heating ointment of 
or the decoction of dtU. A very sootliing fomenta- 


tion is alao to be applied to the side. In certain cases, the pain 
aiid influnimation are determined outwardly, so as to make it 
appear an alfection of the parta there; but It u merely aa ex- 
acerbation of the int«nud tym^toms. 

Let us now treat of rogimcn, in order that, n«pccling all 
the system of trcatmcnl, there may be no mietnkc. " For in 
food will consist the medicines, but uUo the medicine* in 
Ibod." In Icind, then, it ia to be hot and humid, smooth and 
It, detergent, colvcnt, having tlie power of dissolving 
attenuating phlegm. Of uU kinds of food, therefore, 
ptittn is to be prderrcd; at the commencement, then, strained 
toils juice, to that the solid part of it may be separated; and 
made with honey only; and let thu usual articles added to it 
lor seasoning and variety bu absent (for now the juice alone 
is sutlieicnt). It will be calculated to moisten and warm, and 
able to dissolve and clear away phlegm, to evacuate upwards 
wtilioul pain such matters as should be brought up, and alio 
readily evacuate the bowHs downwards. For its lubitcity 
is agreeable and adapted to deglutition. Moreover, its glu- 
tinous <]iiulity soothes hciit, purges the mcmhrano, concocts 
coughs, end softens all the parts. These arc the virtues of 



barky. The next plnce to it is held by chon^rus,' being 
poflMSwd of sum« of the good (jualitjes of ptiaait. For in 
regard to ils glutinou.4 qunlfty, itfl lubricity, lutd ita appropri- 
at«neai for deglutition, it is equal to the other, but in othcr 
ttaftela inferior. They ftre to be made plain, with honey 
Alone. The tragus also is excellent.* But rice a worac thitn 
tlicse, inasmuch as it haa the property of drying, roughening, 
and of Mopping the purgation of the eidvt, rather than of 
making it more 6uid. A very oxccUcnt thing ia dry bread, 
broken into pieces, pased through a sieve, gently warmeil^ 
well concocted, which with hoDeyed'watiTLaaufliciciit nwinali- 
ment. But if the disease have already progressed, and the 
patient have given up his food, the ptimn of barley is to be 
admlnisterKd in a sofl otate, and wt^ll boiled. Dill and salts 
are to be ilic condiraent^ of tl)e ptiman, and oil which is tlun, 
without quality, without viscidity, without asperity; it 13 
better, however, not to boil much of the oil with the ptisan ; 
for tlnis the drau;;ht becomes fatty, and the oil loecs ita 
WlncR, and with much boiling is no longer percepUble, being 
drunk up by tlie juice. And let leek with ita capilUry luTei, 
and bitter ahnondti, be boiled with the juice of ptisan; for tJie 
draught thus promotes perspiration, and becomes medicinal, 
and the Icvks eaten out of the jaicv are beneficial and very 
delicious. Now alio is the »*aaon for using wholesome eggs; 
but if the expectoration be fluid and copious, sprinkle on them 
some native sulphur and natron. But the best thing of all 
b to give new-luid eggs which have never been subjected to 
the fire; for the heat of the hen is more humid than fire, and 

' Sp«lt, ThtieumrpeHOideiinxed 
of Its liualu uid brukiTD down into 
Sntnulos, S««P&til.^Egui.tLp.l23, 
Syd. Sao. Edit. 

■ The IraffiM (oalted (rajrum by 
I^ay, H. N. xvtiL 10) vaa a ooli* 

niuj preparation hym Spelt, and 
would acom to havo boon nndi 
th» Buine w tli« eAoKdna, Soe 
Oaleii, Comment, in lib. do ntioiia 
victus in morK acut. 



more congenial to Uio patient, as proceeding frora one animal 
to another. But if the phlegm be glutlaoas and riscid, 
pour oil into the egg*, uod sprinkle some of the dried resin 
of pino^so thai the sulphur may be more powerful; melting 
also with tliein some of tlie reain of turpentine; pepper aleo 
and all cognate eubetancea are beneCclal in egg)^, and in all 
kinds of food; the exliemities of animals mcltod down in 
•oups, pigeons, boiled hens; the brains of swine roatited with 
the cawl, but without it they are not savoury. If the patient 
bai no r<f/r, we must give him fish from the depth of the sea, 
or rock (i«h, the bc$t which the country produces. And that 
the pnlicnt may nut truisgrem in regimen, owing to his 
appetite, nor become wasted by a sjwie diet, he is to be giu> 
tilled with some fruit; such aa apples boiled in water, or 
honeyed -water, or stewed in suet (but we must take oft" il»e 
ekin and rough parts within along with the seeds,); and in 
aenson we may give some figs. We must give likewise of any 
otlier kind of autumn fruit which is not only not hurtful but 
also beneficial. So much with regard to diet. 

Wool fumigated with siilplnir and moistened with oil 
in which dii) and rue have been boiled, is to be laid on ths 
si<lc. Foment the side constantly witli these, and, before the 
adminiatnition of food, apply cataplasms, in addition to the 
usual ingredients containing mcHIot boiled with honeyed- 
water, and mixing therewith some of llie fl<!»hy part of the 
poppy in a boiled «tutc, iind Bpriiikliiig on it Uic m«il of the 
manna thuris.* But if the expectoration be more fluid and 
copious, we are to mix tlie flour of damel, or of hedge 
mustard, and sprinkle natron on it. But if the discttse he 
prolonged, the pnin having become fixed, and the purging 
litjuid, it is to be apprehended that pus is about to form; 
wherefore mix with the cataplasms mustard and eaeiryt;* 

' See Paul. JEgiD. t. iU. p. S41. 
' Probftblj till; CachryilUianolit. 
Soc Dioscoridee, M. M. iii 78 ; and 

appendix to Dunbar's Greek Lasi- 
con nndcr XijSoMiri't, 



and ir tb« patienls hsvo a feeling as if the internal parte were 
void, aoine vinognr may be poured into it. The h«at of the 
calaplasma should be of a strong kind, that it majr Last the 
longer; for thw is better than having the heat kept ap hy 
ren«wa) of the cataplaams. Let the fomentations conn^t of 
ebIis and millet in bag^ or of vann oil in bladders. Every 
apparatus uacd for Fomentation should be light, »o that thu 
wdglit maj not add to the pain. Thc«o things moreover ncQ 
to be nacd alio after the food, if the pain be urgent. 

And, in addition to ihcac means, now also riiould he t 
time of cupping; but it ia bert «IWr th« seventh day: befora 
this you should not be urgent with it, for the discawc* ar« 
of B favourable character which rcqtiire cupping before tho 
seventh day. Let the initniment be large, broad evcjy 
and suRicient to comprehend the place which is pained; 
th<! pain does not pcnetnite inwnrdly, but fpreadi in width. 
There should be plenty of hent bciow the cuppingnnstrumont, 
BO as not only to attmct, but also to warm before the extinction 
of the fire. And aUer the extinction, having scarified, wo are 
to abKract aa much blood as the Ftrengtli will ponuit; much 
more than if you had to take away blood from the hypochon- 
dria for any other cause. For the benefit from cupping 
most marked in eases of PIcnrisy. But mits or natron are 
be sprinkled on the scxrificadons, a pungent and painful prac- 
tice indeed, but yet a healthful one. But we must estimnt^ the 
powers and hitbits of the patient. For if strong in mind and 
robust in body, we roust sprinkle some of the wills, not indeed so 
as to come into immediate contact with the wounds thi'jnsdvo, 
but thny arc to be sprinkled on a piece of linen-cioth dampnl 
with oil, and it is to be spread over the place; for the brine 
irhicli runt from the melting of tlie aalts is lew stimulant than 
the salts themselves. We murt also pour in much of the oil, that 
by ilSBoothingpropcriicsitmay ubtnndthc pain occarioned by 
the acrimony of the other. On the woond day it wlU be a ver 

he I 



good rote to apply the cupping-instmmeDt agftin, lo ta that » 
thin sanies may bo abstracted from the wounds. This, indeed, 
is much more effectual than the picTious cupping, and much 
less calculated to impair the ctrcngth ; for it la not blood, the 
nutriment of the body, but aanies thnl runs ofT. This ilten 
you ate to do afWr having made a previous estimate of the 
strength. On the thiid day wo arc to apply cerate with the 
ointmenta of privet and of rue. But if the Rpvita atill lequira 
pni^mg, we arc to melt into the cerates soinc rcnn, or mix 
•onw native sulphur theri'^with, and again the port is (o have 
B fomentation. With regard to the form of the cupping-!n9tru- 
cncnt, it should cither be an earthen vessel, light, and adapted 
to Uie aide, and capacious; or, of bronie, flat at the lips, fo aa 
to comprehend the puru affected with pain; and we are to 
place birlow It much 6re along willk oil, 90 that it may keep 
alive for a considerable time. But we must not apply the lips 
close to the skin, but allow access to the air, so that the heat 
may not be extinguished. And we must allow it to burn a 
long while, for tlie heat within it, indeed, is a very good fo- 
mentation, and a good provocative of pcTVpirstions. 

And we must not overlook purging downwards, in men 
injecting oil of rue into the gut, and, in women, abo into the 
womb. And let »oinelhing be constantly drunk and awallowed; 
for this purpose, honeyed -water, with rue and juice of ptJMn, 
if them 18 a constant cough, aa being a medicine in the food. 
But if it is not the season of adminiatcriag fooi], let it be one 
of the compound preparations, such aa butter boiled with 
honey to a [»xiper consistence. Of lliis, round balls the size 
of a bean are to be given to hold trader the tonguo, moving 
them about hither and thither, so that they may not bo 
swallowed Gntirc!, but mcltetl therv. The medicine also fn>m 
poppies with honey and mcliiut is agrccnble, being posM^cd 
of soothing and hypnotic properties. This is to be given 
before the administration of food, after it, and after sleep. To 
the patient when fasting, the following medicinal substances are 



to be given : of netUc, of Unseed, of stareh, and of pine fruit in 
powder, ofeac)i,acupful(cyff/Au<),an(luf bitteralinontUtwcnty- 
Bvo in number, uid as many seeds of pc^pper. ThuM tilings 
being toa>U»l uid triturated witb honey, arc to be mixed up 
into « linctiu; of these the doeo is one ^wonful (cocAlearg), 
But if ho expectorate thin and unooncoded matter*, two 
drams of myrrh, one of saffron, and Glleen grains of pepper to 
be mixed with one pound of honey. This medicine should be 
given ivImo before the admiubtratton of food to the KOiount of 
hnlf a !>|ioon(ul. It is good also in chronic cases, when 
oxymcl likewise is to bo given if the dyepnoui be urgent. 

Such physicians as have given cold water to pleuriticSt I 
cannot comprclieud upon what principle they did so, nor cmi 
I approve the practice from experience; for if ecrtun patients 
have escaped the danger from having ulcen cold water, these 
would api>ear to me not to have been pleuritic cues at all. 
But by the older physiciuis, a sort of couge»Uon was called 
pleuiitis, being a secretion of bile with pain of the ade, 
attended with either slight fever or Ho fever at all. lliia 
sfleotion, indeed, got the name of pleurisy, but it is not bo in 
reality. But eomctimcs a spirit (or tcuid, piwuma) collecting; 
in tlie side, creates tltiret and a bad son of pain, and gentle 
beat; and this ignorant persona have called pleurisy. In 
them, then, cold water might prove a remedy through the 
good luck of tho person using it; for the thirst may have 
been extinguished, and the bile and wind expelled downwards, 
while the puin and heat have been diwipatod. But in in- 
flammaUoa of the side and swelling iif the tueeintfetu, not only 
cold water but also cold respiration is bad. 

Ifi then, owing to the treatment formerly described per- 
sons affected with pleurisy survive the attack, but liave still a 
short cough, and now and ihcn are seized with heat, we must 
hiuten to di»ipatc these symptoms; for the residue of tiro 
disease cither produces a relapse, or it is oonvcitcd into a sup- 







Tax CcBz or FsBipmnuoNiA ... L 

Thb Curs ot thx BRmama dp of Blood. . IL 

Thk Curk of Cabdiacb .... IIL 

T&i Cinix OF Cholkka .... IV. 

Thx Ccbz Of Iliub . . . . . T. 
Ths Curi of tkk Aoun Arwujnosa about ths 

Uvm VL 

The Cdre of ihk Acun Diseasx of thk DobbaIi 

Vein ajd Akfkrt .... TIL 
Thk Cubs of thb Aodt« Dibeasb abodt thk 

KronaiB Tin. 

Thk Cobk of ihk Aooti Amanom aboiit thk 

Bijj>DKa . . • . . . . IX. 


Thz CnsK or Satxbusib . ... XL 










Inflammation und swulling of the lungs, und along withthem 
a sense o( suiFocation, ivliicli docs not long endure, constitute % 
very acute aod fatal ailment. l*hc remedies opposed to il, tliere- 
forc, ought lo I)e of equal power and Hpcedily applied. We arc 
to Dpeu instantly tlic vciiu at the i-Ibow, and both together, 
on the right an<l on the left vide, ruthor tliitn ahfttact blood 
&om one larger oriBoc, bo that rcvulnou of tlic humouit may 
take placo from either side of the lunga: but wo must not 
carry it to tho extent of deliquium animi hi the deiiquium co- 
operates with the suffocation. But when even a small respite 
has been obtained, wc must suppress Uio flow and abstiaet 
more al^rwards[ for, if the exciting causes be from Mood, 
the venceccUon cairies them away; and if pble^^, or froth| 
or any otiierof tlt« humours be the agent, the evacuations of iha 



Tcbu «id«n the compass of tho lungs lor tb« pMHge of the 

Wv must expel tlie fluicte and flatus downwards, hy anoint- 
ing the anus after tlic vencfcction with natron, honej', rue, 
u)d ttic liquid resin frara turpentino. Instead of the vcnc* 
section, — provided there be a greater irapcdiineBti— wc must 
give a clyster uf acrid juioc, namely, of s&Ita, in tddition to 
the natron, and turpentine resin with the honey; and rue 
boiled in the oil, and liysaop boiled in the water; and tho 
fleshy purts of the wild cucumberj boiled with water, are 
very excellent. 

Dry-cupping applied to the buck, the shoulder, and the 
hypocliondria, ia altogcUicr beneficial. And if the cliest be 
fleshy, 80 that the cupping-instniniunt may not by iu pressure 
bruise the skiu about the bones, it is to be aUo applied there; 
for if the humours be attracted from all parta of the body, and 
the spirit (jmeuina) be determined outwardly, in tho« casca 
in which the lungs are, sa it were, choked, chore will be respite 
firom the mischief; for peripneumonia is to be attacked in 
every possible way. 

But, likewise, neither arc we to neglect any of tlie medi- 
cines which prove iu%ful when swallowed by the mouth, for 
the lungs attract fluids whether they be in health or diseased. 
We must, therefore, give sucli medicines as attenuate tho 
fluids BO as to promote their pcrspimtion, and such as will 
lubricate and render them adapted for exjiectoralion. For 
speedy relief, then, natron is to be drunk with the decoction 
of hyssop, or brine with vinegar and honey; or mustard 
moistened with honeyed- water; and wc may confidently 
8])rinkle on each some of the root of iris and |>e])per. But 
also these things, having been siited, arc to be given in a 
powder along with honey- But if the pnticnta get no sleep 
during the day, and reinnin sleepless also during all the night, 
it u to be feared lest they become delirious, and (here will be 




need of vanoos soporilic mfidicincs untcM tbo diMaec giro 
way, 60* that iho sca*ooabIo administration of these medi- 
cines may lull the sudering, for these things are nauaUy 
soporific. But if you give a medicine at the acme of the 
sufibcation, or vrhea death is at hand, you may be blamed for 
Um patient's dcatli by the vulgar. 

The food alto must be suitable, acrid, light, solvent of thick 
matters, iletcrgent: of pot-herbs, the leek, or the cress, or the 
nettle, or the cabbage boiled in vinegar; of austere things 
(/rttoientaeea?) Hie juico of ptisin, taking also of marjoram, 
or of hyssop, and of pepper, and more natron instead of the 
sails. Also spelt in grains well boiled with honeyed- water: in 
the course of the boiling, they should all be depriTcd of their 
flatulence, for flatulent things are hurtful to persons in peri- 
pneumonia. If thgy arc free from fever, wine is to be given 
for drink, but not such as is po»wssed of much nstringency, 
for astringency condenses bodies; but in these the parts arc 
rather to be relaxed. We must also promote the expulsion of 
the ^uta. On the whole the drink should be scanty, for 
drenching is to the lungs, because the lungs at- 
tract from the stomach and belly. 

Let the cbcst be cox'ered up in wool, witli oil, natron, and 
salt^ The best ointment is that prepared of the lemncst!.'', 
and dried mustard with liciuid cerate; and, on the whole, we 
are to determine outwaixlly the fluids, the heat, and the spirit 
ipneuma). And smelling to acrid things is beneficial, also 
anointings, and ligatures of tlic extremities. When these 
things are done, if the disease do not yield, the patient is in 
a hopeless condition. 



All tlic forms of tlic bringing up of blood arc of an unniil< 
character, not only as to mode, nhetlicr ilio How proceed from 
mptaie, CTOUon, or oven rarefaction; and whether it come 
firom tlte chest, the lungs, the stomach, or the JiTcr, wlttch are 
the moA dangerous cases; but nbo from the head, although it 
oMwrnons Ins mischief. For the Dow is of blood ; and blood 
is the food of all parts, the hcnt of all parts, and the colour of 
all port?. It is dreadful to see it flowing from tb« moutli in 
anj way; but bad indcctl if it prooced from an im|>ortaiit 
Tiscus, and stilt wonic if it prooced from rupture nnd erosion. 

It is necosnury, therefore, that the pliywdan should make 
the more hnstc in bringing tusislanoc to this affection; and, in 
the first place, the patient must get coldish air to breathe, a 
chamber on the ground, and a couch Grmly 6xed, to that he 
may not be shaken (for all shaking is stimulant); tho bed 
ehould bo solid, not very yielding, nor docp, nor heated; his 
portion cTcct; rest from speaking and heariug; Iranqiiillity of 
mind, cheerfulness, sinco dcpnnion of spiritfl oepccinlly accom- 
panies these cases; for who is there tli&t does not dread death 
when Tomi^ng blood? 

If, therefore, the patient be full of blood, and hare large 
veins, in every form of rejection we must open n rein; who- 
tket it proceed from rupture, or erosion, veneaeotton is Tcry 
suitable; and even, if from rarefaction, there is danger, lest 
the fulnefs of blood burst forth.> And we arc to open tho 
hollow vein at the elbow (for llio blood flows readily from it, 
and it is eoiily opened, and the orifice can be safely kept open 

' It is to lie undontood that »]ialatUio:thKtistosajr,iD 
bj rtm/aatien our author dimus action of the oihalantsi 







Tor sercnl days). In a word, tltOD, in all the diseases of all 
the vital organs, this is the outlet of the blood. K«r the one 
higher up and this are both branches of tlie faumcrnl, to that 
Uie one above can have no more remedial power than the 
tne»I. They are ignorant of these divi.tions who have con- 
nected the upper vein with the stoniac)i and liver. But if the 
flovr proceed from the spleen, they direct us to open the vein 
of the loft hand, which runs between the little finger and the 
one next the middle; for certain physicians held it to tormuiate 
in the spleen; but it is a branch of the vein below those at 
the elbow. Why, then, ehould wo rather open the vein at the 
fingcm than the one at the elbow? for there it ia larger, and 
the blood flows readily &om it. Altogether, then, wo are to 
stop before coming to deHguitim tmimi. Yet neither, also, is 
much blood to bo abstracted; for tho hemorrhage itself is cal- 
culated to eiifccblo tho pnticnt; but, after abstracting a small 
quantity, repeat the bleeding the Mine day, tho next, and the 
day following. But if the patient be thin, and scantily .<ru|>- 
plied with blood, ve most not open a vein. So mnch re- 
spceling tho abstraction of blood. 

We arc also to assist by means of ligatures to tho extremitiea. 
Above the iceC to the anklm and knees, and above the hands 
to the wrintx and arms, a brood band is to be used, so that tlie 
constriction may be strong, and yet not produce pnin. To tJte 
region!^, also, 5v)m which the blood flows, wo arc to apply un- 
washed wool from the aheep; but moisten it with a liquid, 
such ni austere wine, anil tlie oils of roses and of myrtles. 
But if tbe hemorrhngc be of an urgent nature, instead of the 
wool we are to use sponges, and vinegar instead of the wine, 
and let the part be anointed with myrtle oil; and wo arc to 
duat upon the sponges some of tJie dry inspissated juices, such 
as that of acacia, or of hypocirtis, or else of aloes. 'Hie juioc 
of the unripe grape, dissolved in vinegar, is also a very ex- 
cellent thing. But if the litjnid spplication be troublesome or. 


diaagtecaUe, we wo to mo plaiten; for these ulretcli the skin 
atouiwi, uxj preas it, u it were, with tLc hand, and tho^ ore 
poncfaed of very stroBg powers ae ftstringcots and dcdccanta. 
In a^ldition to ibcw, tbero ai« very many otben of tried 
efficacy-; but the best are those which contain Tinegarjtnd the 
exiae»ed juioe of ivy leaves, and asphaltoe, and verdigm, 
•lum, fiankincense, myrrh, calcined copper, the equama nrig, 
and such of the plasters as resemble thceo; or imacoured wool, 
or sponges damped in a small quantity of vinegar. But if the 
patients cannot bear the disteneion of the plasters, we are to 
make theee things into an cpithcmc : lat datee, damped in dark 
ftuctere wine, are pounded into a cake; then we arc to sprinkle 
on it acacia in a aoA slate, and the rinds of pomegranate; 
tltese things having been all rubbed upon a rag, ar« applied to 
tlte chest. Barley-meal, moistened in wine or vinegar, or tlic 
fine flour of the dried lentil, sifled in a sieve, and mule up 
with cerate or rose ointment, is to be applied ; we arc also to 
mix some of the root of the comfiey uAcd. Another: Boil 
the roots of tlio wild prunes in vin^^ar, and having pounded 
into a cake, mix a UttJe of sumach, and of gum, and of myrtle. 
These arc to be mixed with one anoUicr dificrently, according 
as the strength of the medicines, miUlncss, or smell thereof is 
wanted. For we must also gratify the stck. These are tfas 
external remedies. 

But a more important part of tlie treatment lies in things 
drunk and swallowed, since these remedies come nearest tho 
injured ports. Of these tliere are three distinct kinds: i^tfaei 
they arc calculated by the contnetion or compreanon of the 
vesGcls to bind the passages of the flux; or to incnuate and 
coagulate the fluid, so that it may not flow, even if the pas. 
sages were Jn a state to convey it; or to dry up the ouUeta, by 
retaining the blood in its pristine state, so that the parts may 
not thus remain emptied by the flux, but may legurgitato 
where the efliuion is. Forrarefactionof the veins, artriagOBCj 



ui »uffi<uciit> for it runs through the pores lik« » fluid tnhen 
poured into a water-cask newly wetted. And aUo in tltc 
divirioo of vetsels Etypticity is th« remedy, by produ<»ng con< 
traction of the lips; but for thia purpose wc must use the 
greater and more powerful medicines. But if the form of 
hemorrhage be that from erorion, and if the lips of the ulc«r 
do not coalesce by the aclioa of the astringents, but the wound 
gapes, and cannot be brought together by eompreasion, we must 
produce congelation of the blood, and aUo of the heat; for the 
^w 19 stopped by the immobility and coagulation of these. 
To the rare parts, then, oxycmte is sufficient for producing 
astriction ; for the fluid is not pure blood, but the sanies thereof 
from small orifices; and even of thia medicine, there is no 
necessity of much being given, or frequently; and in certain 
eases, the external treatment i§ eufGcient. So, likewise, tlie 
decoction of dates and of edible carobs, when drunk, haa by 
itself proved sufficient. Let tlio vinegar be from wines of an 
astringent nature, and if not by pharmaceutical preparation, 
at all ercuts let it be such as by time has become acrid and 
astringent. But in dilatations of the wounds, in addition to 
the oxycrate, let there be given the simple mcdieincc at first, 
such aa the juice of plantain, of knot-graas, or of endive; of 
each an equal part with the oxycmte. But if the flow increaae, 
sprinkle on it one dram of the dried hypocistis, or of acada, 
on three cupfula of the oxycrate. The juice, also, of the wild 
grape is very excellent. But if the ulment prevail over this, 
sprinkle on it triturated gall, and the dried root of the bramble, 
and the sea stone, the coral, triturated and dried. But tho 
root of rhubarb is more powerful than these to cool, to dry, 
to astringe; in short, for every purpose. But it is used with 
the oxycrate alone; or, if mdro powerful tilings are required, 
M a remedy. To the juioce of endive with plantain we add 
some of tho root, namely, three oboli of it to three or four 
cyatbi of the fluid. But in eroeioos, wc must produce actrin- 



genoy even in it, so as to induce coagukticm of the blood that 
flow*, and also for llie mice of the containing vessels, so that 
the wins which liavc suiitaincd a large wound may shut tlieir 
mouths. But the medicines which arc drunk Rhould be strong, 
and capable of inducing coagulation. Wheitfore, give the 
jaico of coriander with yinegar, and the rennet of • hare, or 
of a hind, or of a kid, but not in great quantity (for certain of 
tbne bare proved fatal in a large dose); but of the juice of 
the coriander give not loss than half a cyathus to throe of tlio 
oxycrato, and of the rennet three oboli, or at moet Ibor. I'or 
such modes of the flow, the Samian earth is very excellent, and 
the very whit© Aster, and the Erctrian, and tlio Sinopic, and the 
Lcmnian seal : of these, at least, one dram weight, and at most 
three, witli some of the deeoirtions, aa of dates, or of edible 
carob«, or of the roots of brambles. But if there be roughnen 
of the windpipe, and coug}i along with it, wc njurt fprinkle 
these things on Cre^o rob. Starch, dinolvcd in these, ia a 
most excelli-nt thing for Inbricating the windpipe; for along 
with its power of hihricnting, it also posscnes that of agglnti- 
nating. If, tlicreforc, the flow of blood be not urgent, it mast 
be given once a day, before the administration of food; but if 
it be urgent, also a second and third time in the evening. And 
from the medicines arc to bo made draughts of the dried sub- 
stances with honey, boiled to the proper consistence; galls pal- 
verised: and a very good thing ia sumach for the condiment*, 
also gnpe-ftoncv, and the fruit of the sharp dock, either cacli 
by itseir, or all together. Thcwi things, moreover, are good 
to be kept lielow the tongue during thewholo time of melting; 
but likewise common gum with the plant, (?) and the gum 
tragacanth. Tlie compound medicines of tried efficacy are 
infinite; and varionv arc the usages of trochiska — of that from 
Egyptian tliom, of nnolher from amber, and another named 
from saffron, of which the composition bas been dewribcd 



In the abttnoc of fcTen, everything » to be attempted in 
regwrd to modicincf, giving tlicm copiously fkiid frvtiuantly. 
But if fever come on — nnd most frequently fever takes pl&ce, 
along with iniUmmationa of the wounds — we must not atop 
the flow Buddonly, nor give medicines during the paroxyjimj, 
for many die sooner of the fevers than of the flow of blood. 

The aniolcs of food are various in kind like the medicines, 
butabo "the medicines are in the food;" for neither would it bo 
easy to find alt tlie good properties of foo<l in any one artiolc, 
nor even if a solitary thing were sufHcient fur the cure, ibould 
one only be need, ta one would thus readily produce Mtivty; 
but we must grant variety if the disease should prove pro- 
longed. Let tlie food, titen, be astringent and refrij^crant in 
pTopeitieSi as also to the touch, for heat encourages bleeding. 
Washed aiica; rice added to oxycrate; but if the vinegar 
excite coughing, the decoction of dates; baked bread which 
baa been dried and pounded down to meal, nnd nflcd. Of 
all these thing* a druught is to be made with oil; savory 
seasoned with salts, and sumach to be sprinkled upon it. And 
if you wish to gratify the pnltcnt's pnhiti,?, let coriander bo 
idded, for this purpose, whenever it ia ogrecablc, or any of the 
diuretic and diflusible seeds. Lentil, then, with the juice of 
plantain, if the hemorrhage be urgent, but if not, we ^ould 
spnre the juice, for neither is it of C8«y digestion, nor pleasant 
to the taste; for in these aaea we must not give indigestible 
din^B. But if you apprehend death from the hemorrhage, 
yoQ mnat also give what is unpalatable and indigestible; nay, 
let even hai«h things be given if they will preserve life; 
wherefore, let galls, dried and pulverised, be sprinkled when 
dry, and cold lentil: eggs thick from boiling, with the seeds 
of pomegranate or galls, for the food necessarily consisls in 
the medicines. The drink altogether should ho scanty, since 
liquids are incoropatible with a dry diet. Tljese are the pro- 
per things, provided you wish to astringe and cool. But if 



you yr\ii\ also to Uiicken the Hood anil spirit (pimtma), milk 
along with starch and granulated spelt (cAeodhw), the milk 
being Bomctimo given with the utardi, and eomctimmrith 
the chondnu; they should be boiled to «uch a oonsietonca u 
that the draught may not be liquid. But if you wish to 
incrassato and astringe sull more, let the chondrvs bo boiled 
with datffi, and for the ssikc of giving consistence, let there be 
starch and milk; and the Tuscan /ar Is a very excellent thing, 
being thick, viscid, and glutinous wlion given aiong with the 
milk; the rtoinet of the kid is tu he add^l to the liquid 
decoctions for the suke of coLtgulation, so lliat witli tlio milk, 
it attains tlic consistency of new cheese : *till thicker lltau these 
IS millet boiled with milk like thu/ar, having gall and pome- 
granate rind sprinkled on it as a powder. But we muM look to 
the [ffoportioDs of the dcsiccants and incrassaits, for all them 
things provoke coughing, and in corttun cases, from cxccM of 
dcsiccant powers, they have buret the veins. But if thingo 
turn out well, and the blood is stopped, we mnst graduaUy 
change to the opposite plait of trenlment, " and nothing In 
excess," for these cases are apt to relapse, and arc of « bad 
character. "Wa must abo strive to put flesh and &t on the 
patient by means of gestation, gentle frictions, exercise on 
fiwt, recreation, varied and suitable food. 

Tliese are the means to he used if, afler the flow of blood, 
the wound udbcrc and the port heal properly. But if the 
ulcer remain und U'comc pumlent, another plan of treatment 
is needed, for a discharge of dlBcrent matters succeeds. Thip, 
however, will be treated of among the chronic diseases. 





Ik Syncope, it ia necessary thitt the physicUn slioold oxercuo 
fore-knowledge; for, it' you foresee iu approach, and if thioga 
preeent co-opeiato atrongly with you,' you may avert it before 
H» arriral. WbcD it la come on, patlcnu do not readily escape 
from it, for I have said that syneope is the dissolution of 
nature; and nature when dissolved cannot be restored. We 
must try to prevent it then, when still impending, or if not, 
at the commcnceoicnt. We must form our prognosis from 
the circumstances stated by us among the acute diseases, where 
wo have described the cause and also the (ymptoms, ITic 
fever Causus, then, iu the commcnucment of the attack, and 
with Causus the worst of symptoms, dryness, insomnolency, 
heat of the viscera, as if from fire, but the external parts cold ; 
the extremities, that is to say, the hands and feet, very cold; 
breathing slowly drawn; for the patients desiderate cold air, 
because they expire fire: pulse small, very dense, and trem- 
bling. Judging from these and tlie other things stated by 
mo among the symptoms, you will immediately girc assistance 
at the commencement. 

Unless, then, when everything is against it, the habit, tlie 
age, the Koson, the timidity of the patient, we must open a 
vein, and even if many symptoms cmtra-indicate it, but an 
especial one require it, such as the tongue rough, dry, and 
black (for it is indicative of all the internal parts). And in 

* Allusion is hnrc mado to Hip- 
pocrates Apb.i. Iu till) Apltoriam 
it is "the ntUadautji anil vxttr- 
Dais " (rovi nopiofras tai rd ((s Af), 

whidi oiu" author condens«s into 

"lUogs present' (ri tnpiam)l 
and this is no doubt the reason 
vbjr io this iostanco tho neutar 
plural is oonslrocd with a verb 
pltuaL See tba t«zt< 



aU cues vn must form en esiJinate of the strength, whether 
or not it has fuilcd owing to the pains of the disease and the 
ivgimen; for the lorn of ttiength lakes place, not only from 
dvfiacncy, hat also Irom nnotliering; and if the syncope arise 
from redundancy, and if inflaiumauon of the hypochondria, 
or of the liver strongly indicate, there b no neoessity for de- 
felting the bicoding. Wc tire to open tJic hollow vein at tho 
elbow, and abstract the blood by a smuU orifice, thai it may 
not have a marked effect on the flrcngtli ; for fruddcn depletion 
tries tho natural strcngtb: and wc must take uwiiy mucit lots 
thuL if &om any other cau«e ; for in syncope, even a slight miw 
tako readily sends a man to tho regions below. Wc must, 
therefore, immediately give food for tlie rcstonitioii of the 
strength; for Nature dclighta in the icmuval of the old, and 
in the supply of now things. 

But if the strength reject venesection, and influnmattons be 
[HceaeDt, we must t^ply the cupping-instrument to the seat 
thereof a coneidorable time previous to the crisis of the di»- 
cosc; for the crisis takes place at the critical periods; since al 
tlie aome periods Nature brings on a iavuurable crisis, and 
diaeaacs prove &tal. And if the patient should come to such 
a state as to require wiue, it is not very safe to tako wiDo 
in infUmmations; for, wine to persons labouring under inflain> 
mation is an increase gf the puius, but to thooc free from in- 
flammation it is an increase of the natural strength. A day or 
two before the cupping there is need of cataplasms, both in 
order to produce relaxation of the parts and to procure a flow 
of blood; and in eeilain coses, after tlie cupping, wc ate to 
apply a cataplasm on the next day. In this, too, lot there be 
moderation; for there is the same danger from the sb«ttactJon 
of too much blood by cup[»ng. Use clysters only ibr re- 
moving ecybala which have long lodged in the bowels; but 
spore the Etrcugth. 

Cold lotions to the head, such as have been directed by me 



under Phrcnitis, but soaiewlutt more liberaliy. Pure air, 
ratlkcr cooler tliau oUivrvrisc, for rcspiraUoa. The delight of 
the sight is to be stuilied u to pt&nta, painting, waten, to that 
everything may bo regarded with pleasure. The converBa- 
tion of iiltvndaatA cbccritil; silence and cheerfulness on the 
part of Hw patient. Smells fragrant, not calculated to prove 
heavy to the tenses in the head. And let the articles of food 
also possess a fragrant smell, such as flour moistened with 
mttor oc -viD^^r; bread hot, and newly baked. The mouth 
not to be very oftoa rinsed with wine, nor is it to be altogether 

Drink to bo given more frequently and moie copiously than 
in other complainU. Food every day, ligbt, digcelible, montly 
from grain, and that which is pleasant, even if somewhat lew 
suitable. For, in these cases, rather than in any other, the 
palate is to be gratified, since not unusually the discoso ia 
generated in the «tomavh, so as to occasion resolution thereof^ 
Abstinence or famine by no means; for the dt»eas« is sufficient 
to devour up iJt But if the period be already oomc to b 
onus, if there be a dew on the clavicle and forehead, the 
extremities cold; the pulse very small and very frequent, as 
if creeping, and fvoblu in tone, the patient must talcc a Uttle 
food, and partake of wine effectually. The head, too, is to 
bo strengtiicncd by lotions, as also the bladder. These ro- 
mcdiea have been described by me under Phrenitis. Wo are 
to give wine, not copiously nor to satiety, for certain patients 
by unseasonable repletion have died of anorexia, and inability 
to cat and drink; and to many patients having a good ap- 
petite, when tlie natural powets were dissolved, the abundant 
supply of food was of no avail; the food descending, indeed, 
into Uie stomach, but not ascending from the belly to re- 
cruit the strength. Let the food, thcrefoic, be diversified, 
for the most part from grain, so as that it may be nipped 
rather tlum ma»tie«tcd; or if solid, let it be made easy to 



swallow. Egg") not quite cooautent dot routed whole, but 
deprived of their Mlid portioB; two or tliree pieces oT bread 
Boaked in wine, at first hi>t; but, after theae, ereryihing cold, 
Tinkas there be latent inflaminationK. The wine id to be fra- 
grant, aad not very astringent; but hy no incana thiek. Of 
the Greek winca, the Chiaa or Lu^uui, and such otJter of the 
ioAU&T wines as arc thin; of the Italian, the Surrcntiue, or 
Fundan, or Falcmian, or Signinc, unlcaa it be very astringent; 
but of these we must reject such as are very old or very young. 
It is to be ^Tcn at first hot, to the amount of not less than 
four cymthi, before the crisis, nor more tluui a hcinina even if 
the patient be accustomed to drink. But after Hicie things, 
having given food, if the symptoms of inflammation be past, 
wcarc again to give it cold as if for a remedy of the thirst; 
but this from acoeadty, and not by itaclf, but along witb the 
food. We must also take care that the wuio do not affect the 
brain; and after this, abstain. And if after an interval, be 
wish to Bleep, ^ulct is to be enforced. But if much sweat 
flow, the pulse come to a stop, the voice become sharp, and 
the breast lose its heal, wc arc to give as much wine as the 
patient can drink. For those who are cold, wine is the only 
hope of life. Wine, therefore, if tlic patient be accustomed 
to it, is lomcUmcs to be taken in drink, and sometimes food 
is to be eaten with the wine, after an intcrva], as a respite 
from the fatigue induced by the disease and the food, for 
when the strength ta small, they arc much fatigued, even 
by the act of taking food. Wherefore the patient mU3t ho 
stout-hearted and courageous, and the physician mtot en- 
ooumgc him with words to be of good eheer, and oMirt with 
diversified food and drink. 

The other treatment is also to be applied energetically for 
restraining the sweats, and for resuscitating the spark of life. 
Let, therefore, an cpitheme be applied to the chest on the 
left mamma,— dates triturated in wine along with aloes and 




nMtic]i, — and l«t these Uiing* be mixed up with a cenUe 
compoaed of turd.* And if U>is become di«agrc«sble, we 
majr apply another epitheme, miwio by taking tbc seed, and 
whatever is hard out of tlio api>I<-f, and having bnii»cd them 
down, mix up with some fmgr^it meal; tlien we are to mix 
together jome of tbo hair of wormwood, and of myrtle, and of 
w^a, and of the manna of frankinocnae, all nfied ; which being 
«U nibbed up together, arc to be added to tlie cerate of wild vine. 
But if the Kwcat be not thereby restrained, tlie juice of tlie 
wild grape ia to be added to the mixture, and acacia, and 
gum, and the edible part of sumach, and alum, and datoa, 
and the scented juice of rosea- All these things along with 
nan! and oil of wild vine are to be applied to the chest; for 
this at the same time cools and is Bfitniigcnt. Let him lie in 
cool air, and in a bouse having a northern exposure; and if t}ie 
cool breeze of Boreas breathe upon him, " it will refresh his 
soul sadly gasping for breath." The prospect should be tfr- 
wnrds meadows, fountains, and babbling streams, for the 
iwcct cxhaUtions from them, and the delightiul view, warm 
the soul and refresh nature. And, moToovcr, it i« also as 
incentive to cat and to drink. But if from want one is not 
fortunate enough to poesesa these things, we must make aa 
imitation of tlie cool breeze, by fanning with the branches of 
fragrant boughs, and) if the season of q>ring, by strewing 
the ground with rucH leaves and Dowers as are at hand. Tlie 
eoverh-t should be light and old, so aa to admit the air, and 
permit the exhalation of tbo beat of the chest; the best kind 
ia an old linen sliect. We are to sprinkle the neck, the region 
of the clavicJe and chest with fiour, so that it may nourish by 
its fragrance, and restrain by its dryness ; and the spongy parta 
of the body are to bo dusted with meal, but the &ce with 
the Sainian earth, which ia to be passed through a sieve; and 

* Ko deubt Uie Im^an nard, namdy, Patiinia Jatamtuui, Don. 




huritig been bound into a spoagjr dotb, it is to be doftod on 
tlie port, to tbbt the finer particles may pus through th« 
pores to tha fon^icad and checks. And slaked Umo and 
roasted gj-pGum, rilWd in a anall sieve, arc to bo applied to 
tbc moist puta. A sponge out of cold mtct applied to tbc 
fiice has eootctinics sto[^d the sweats, by occasioning con- 
gcUtion of the ninning Buida, and by condensation of tin 
pores. The anuB is to be anointed, bo that the flatus arising 
from the cold and food may be discharged. And we are to 
recall the heat of the extremities by gleucinum,' or Sicj- 
oman oil, along with pejtper, castor, nation, and cachry,* 
mcltiag into them a little wax, bo that the tiniment m&y 
stick. And we are to resuscitate the beat by means of the 
Mntme&t of lemncstis, and of eupborbium, and of the txmt of 
the bey. Hie small red onions raw, along witli peppor, and 
the powdered lees of 'vinegar, make an excellent cataplasm 
to the feet; but it is to be constantly laiecd from the place 
eveiy hour, for there is danger of ulceration and bUftcis. 
From then things thuic is hope that the patient may thus 


And if the phyncian should do crciythiog properly, and ' 
eTCtytliing turn out veil, along with the syncope the in- 
flammations that su|>erTcnc are resolved; and sweat, indeed, 
is nowhere, but a restoration of tlie heat everywhere, even at 
the extremities of the feet and the noeo; but the face is 
of a good colour; pulse enlarged in magnitodo, not tremulous, 
ftrong; voice the same as customary, loud, and in CTcrjr 
Tespcct lively. Lasutude not out of place, but the patient 
U also seen sleeping: and, if sleep seize him, he digests hia 
food, teoovers bis senses, and sprouts out into a new nature; 
and if roused &om sleep, tlie breathing is firce, be is light 

■ A fngnnt oil pmiwrod front 
BKut. See Paulus J^giucto, t. iii. 

• Tbe fruit of tb« CocAryi tHa- 
n<*i*, L. See Dioaooriilois ui-TOuj 



snd vigorous; uvj hore calls to his tnemorjr the circunutaoccs 
of Uic iliscAse like a dream. 

But in other eiaes obscure fcrera are left behind, and some- 
tiiDM flight inflAmmatione, and a drj tonj;ue : they are parched, 
have rigors, ara enfoebled, and relaxed, in which cases there 
is a coDveraton to marasmus; when we must not waste time 
with rest and a slender diet, but have recourse lo motiona, 
by gestation, and to friction and baths, bo thai the eniben of 
life may be rouMsd and mondcd. We are to give milk, espe- 
cially that of a woman who has just home a child, and tltat a 
male child; for vttch pcraons rvquire nursing like new-bora 
children. Or if it cannot be obtainvd, wc must give the 
milk of an ass whicli lias had a foot] not long before, for such 
milk is particularly thin;* and by Uieee means the patient is to 
be brought back to convalescence and his accustomed habits. 


I In Ch< 




In Cholera, the suppression of the dischargts is a bad thing, for 
they arc undigested matters. We must, iJierefore, readily per- 
mit them to go on, if spontaneous, or if not, promote them by 
giving some tepid water to swallow, frmjucntly indeed, but in 
small quantity, so that there may bo no spasmodic retellings 
excited in tite stomacli. But if there also be tormina and 
coldness of the feet, we are to mb the abdomen with hot oil, 
boiled with rue and cumin, to dispd the flatulence; and we 
are to apply wool. And, having anointed the feet, they are to 

* Th« author appears to ntm poartng a amall quantity on tbo 
to the ooaunou way uf trying naU. Sc« PluihtB jGgioeta, i. 3, 
th« spocifio gravity of milk, by Syd.SocEd. 



be gently rubboil, itroking thvm rather thnn pincking Ui 
And these things are to be done up to the knee* for tb4 
mtontion of the heat; iknd the tnme » to be practisec) utxiSi 
the ficoe* [Kiia doirnv*nli^ and the bilioti* matten 

But if all the remniiis of the food have bc«n disc) 
downwards, and if bile be evacuated, and if there ai. 
bitioiis Toroiling, retchings, and nausea, uneasin«M and loM 
etmigth, we must give two or three cupfub {etfothi) of coM 
■water, as an astringent of the bellj, to stop the reflux, and il 
order to cool the burning stotnaofa; and this is to be lepeatedU 
done when what even has been drank is vomited. The ooU 
water, indeed, readily gets warm in tlie stomach, and 
the stomach rejects it, annoyed as it u both by hot and coli 
but it constantly deBdenlee cold drink. I 

But, if tbe pulse abo &I1 to a low state, and become exceeq 
ingly rapid and hurried, if there be sweat about the forehead 
and region of tlie clavicle*, if it run in large drops from 
parts of the body, and the discharge from the bowels is u 
restrained, and the stomach still vomits, with retchings an^ 
doliquiura animi, we must add to the cold water a smalj 
quantity of wine, which is fragrant and asliingcnt, that H 
may refresh the senses by its btmqtiet, contribute to ib^ 
strength of the stomach by its spirit, and to the rcstonUtod 
of the body by its nutritious powers. For wine is swiftly di» 
tribiitcd iipwartUi over the system, so as to restrain the refluxj 
and is subtil, to that when poured into the frame it strengthen! 
the habit, and it is strong so as to restrain the disaolvinjj 
powers. We are also to sprinkle on the body some fresll 
ami frugmnt meal. But if th« Iml symptnma become urgCDtj 
with sweating, and straiiiings, not only of the stomach, btij 
also of the nerves, and if there be hiccups ; and if the fe>ct arfl 
contracted, if there be copious discharges from the bowelat 
and if the patient become dark>eoloured, and tlic pulse i| 




coming to • Hop, wa mutt try to antidpale this condition be- 
forehand ; but if it be oomo on, wo muit give mucli cold vraler 
and wine, not indeed wine slightly diluted, for fear of intoxka- 
tiot), and of hurting the nerves, and nloTig with food, namely, 
fieeea of bread soaked in it. We arc tikcwt>% tu give of other 
kinds of food, such as have been <Jescnbed by mc under vjn- 
cope, autumnal fnitt of an astringent nature, acrvices, median, 
quinces, or the grape. 

But if everything be vomited, and the stomach can contain 
nothing, we must return again to hot drink and food, for ia 
oortun eaaee the change stops the complaint; the hot thing*, 
moreover, must be intensely so. But if none of thew thinga 
avail, we ate to apply the cupping-instrument between tlie 
nhoulder-blitdcs, and turn it below the umbilicus; but we are 
to fliift the cupping- instrument constantly, for it ia painful 
when it remains on a place, and exposes to the risk of blister- 
ing. The motion of gestation is beneficial by its ventilation, 
K> as to recreate the spirit {ptimnui), stay the food in the 
bowels, and make the patient's respiration and pulse natural. 

But if these symptoms increatci wc must apply cpithemes 
over the stomach and cheat; and these are to be similar to 
those for syncope — dates soaked in wine, acacia, hypocistis, 
mixed up with rose cerate, and spread upon a linen cloth, are 
to bo applied over the stomach; and to the chert wo are 
to apply masUch, aloe, the pulvtriacd hair of wonnwood, 
with the cerate of nnnl, or of wild vine, u ■ cataplasm to the 
whole chest; but if the feet and muscles be spasmodically dis- 
tended, rub into them Sicyonian oil, that of must, or old oil with 
a little wax; and also add in powder some castor. And if the 
feet also be cold, we are to rub them with the ointment con- 
taining leiitncstis and euphorbium, wrap them in wool, and 
reotily by rubbing with the tianda. Tlic spine also, the 
tendons, and muscles of tlie jaws are to be anointed with the 





If, Ui«reibre, by iheee tneaiis tho sweat and (li*chftrges from 
tlie bowcia »re stopped, and th« Etomsch rocirivct Uic food 
without TOmiiing it again, th« pulse bcoomcs large and ttrong, 
and th« struoing ceases; if tbo boat prcvatU eTvrywIwTe, and 
rcucbes the extremitieSi and sleep concocts all matters, on the 
eoeond cht tbird day tbe patient ii to be bathed, and remitted 
to his usual connfc of living. But if he vomit up everytJiing, 
if the cffcat flovr inccssaDt, if the patient becoaie cold and 
livi'l, if his pulse be a1mo!<t stopped and his strength exhausted, 
it vill bo well in these circumstances to try to nake one's 
escape with credit, 


I In Qcus it is p(UD that kills, along with tnllitminatioD of the 

I bowels, or straining and swelling. A most acute and most dis- 

I gOEtiog form of death 1 For others, when in a hopclem stale of 

I iUnen, Ceor nothing except their impending death ; but those 

I in ileus, from excess of pain earuatly dc»re death. Tho 

pbysieian, therefore, must neither be inferior to the aBeetion, 
nor more dilatory ; but, if he find inflamination to be the cause, 
open a vein at the elbow by a large oriiico, so tliat blood, 
which is the pabulum of the inflammation, may flow copiously; 
and it may be carried the lenglli ofdeliquium animt, for thii 
IB either the commencement of an escape front puin, or of a 
torpoi ending in insensibility. For in ileus a brealhing-tlaie 
(or a short space, even from loss of sensibility, will prove aa 
iaterr>l from pain; since, also, to persons enduring these 
M^iM^ to die is happiness, but to impart it is not pcnnilled to 
ihe MOtecUhle physician; but at times it is permitted, when 


cdbe of ileus. 




he forcseca that proaent symptoma cannot be escaped {rom, to 
lull the patient ulecp with narcotic* and anasthetics. 

But if tli« ilctu ariso without iBflammatioD, from COTTuption 
of th« Ibod or intcnoc cold, wc aro to abstain from bleeding, 
but at the nine time to do all the other things, and procure 
votuiting frequently by water, and drinking pknty of oU; 
thfiD, again, we arc to procure vomiting, and produce th« ox- 
pulnon of the ilatui downwards, by stimulant medicine*. 
Such a nimulant b the juioe of sow-bread, and natrvn, or 
sUta. Cumin and rue ar« carrainatirea. Wherefore we must 
rub in together all these things with turpentine rc«n, and 
foment with sponges; or we rau»t inject with these things and 
oil, honey, hy^aop, and the decoction of the Seshy parts of the 
wild cucumber. And if feculent matter be evacuated, wo 
are again to inject hot oil with rue; for, if this remain in* 
wanlly, it prove* a grateful fomentation to the bowels; and 
apply to tlie suifcring parts lotions composed of oil wliich has 
boon Btrongly boiled with rue and diU. And tlie fomentation 
is also to be applied, either by means of earthen or bmien 
Teasels, or with millet and roasted salts. In addition to the 
ordinary cataplasms, one may be made of the flour of darnel 
and cumin, and the hair of hyssop and of marjoram. Cup- 
ping, without the abstraction of blood, indeed, Ijut frequently 
applied, sometimes to one place, and sometimes to another^ 
to tlie epigastric rc^on, and to the loins as &r as the groisB, 
and behind to the ischiatic region as far as the kidneys and 
spine; for it is expedient to produce revulsion of the pain by 
all means. They should also get whetlcrs (propomaia') of the 
decoction of cumin, or of roe, and of sieon ;* or along with 
these some of the anodyne medicines. Of these there arc VC17 

' S(« BeVker's Chiriclos, p. 248 ; DioBcorid. M, M. tii. 67 ; Colcn. do 

aiidPiLulus£ginela,t.iii.p.MS. Siinpl.viL: and Paulua Jigioeta, 

' Ths fWDM amomum, Stone t.iij. pi33& 
porel^y, or German omomuin. See 



tnany of cried efficacjr, Tb« medicine from vipers ia also a 
good one, when d^unk to a larger amount than usual. But if 
neither the pain remit, nor the flatulence nor fieccs pass, wo 
must ncoOMnl/ give of the purgative hicra; for either tho 
medicine i* rejected with phlegm and btlc, or it pnam^ down- 
wards, brioging off flatus, Mybob, phlegmi and bile, which 
occasion the intensity of the eviL Laxative £xid: ituupd of 
hens, of fihelt-fiah; the juice of ptisan boiled with niueh oil 
poured in at 6ret before the boiling; boil along witli it cumin, 
nation, loek with its hair. Or the cure is to be made with 
some laxative soup: snails much boiled, and their gravy, or 
that of limpet. Water is to be taken for drink, if there be 
fever, boiled with asarabaocs, or nard, or cacbry. For these 
things dispel flatus, are diuretic, and promote free breathing. 
But if ho be free from pain, wine also u beneficial for the 
heat of tlie intestines, and for the restoration of the strength ; 
and likcwiiM: tlie decoction of fennel>root, in a dnught, uid 
maJden-huir and cinnamon. 

But if the inflammation turn to an absocss, it is better to 
contribute tliercto by using the medicine £» abseeosea. These 
have been dcM^'ibed under chronic diseases, where the treat- 
ment of cholics is described. 



Thk formation of the blood is in the hver, and hence the 
distribution of it over the whole system. And the entire liver 
is, as it were, a concretion of blood. Wherefore the inflam- 
mations there are most acute; for nutrition is seated in this 



place. If, therefore, iiifl«innutinii form anjrwhcre el»e, it is not 
remarkably acute; for it t> nn inQux of blood that is infUmod; 
but in the liver there ta no ncccraicj for its coming from 
another quarter. For if any ub* (ruction uliut the outlet*, the 
liver becomes inflamed by being deprived of its efHux, since 
the entrance of the food to the liver ttill continues patent; 
ibr there is no other passage of the food but this from the 
Btomaob and intestines to the whole body- 
It is Beooenry, therefore, to make n copious evacuation, by 
opening the veins at the elbow, and taking avay blood fre- 
quently, but not in large quantity at a time. Total abetinenoe 
from food at firet, but restricted diet al\erwar<ls, so that the 
liver may be <lcvoi<) of its customary ingcsta. It is ncocnary, 
also, by ext^imnl applications to di*pel the matter* impacted in 
the liver, LoUons, therefore, with aloe or natron arc proper, 
and unwashed wool is to be applied. Iliere is need, lh«n, of 
cooling means, because the liver is infUmed by ilie blood; for 
the blood is hot. The cataplasms, also, should be of such • 
nature, consisting of the meul of darnel, or of hedge-muHard, 
or of barley, or of linseed; and of liquid substances, sudi aa 
acid wine, the juice of apples, of tlie tendrils of the vine, or of 
th« leaves of the vine in season, or of the oil prepared with 
it. Fomentations are to be applied on sponges, of the decoc- 
tion of ihe fiuit of bays, of the Icntislc, of penny-royal, and of 

When you have soothed by these means, you must apply a 
cupping-instnimcnt, unusually targe, so as to comprehend the 
whole hypouhon<lriac region, and make deeper incieions tlian 
usual, that you nay attract much blood. And, in certain 
cases, leeches are better tlian scarifications; for the bitc of the 
animal ninks deeper, and it makes larger holes, and hence the 
flow uf blood from these animals is difficult to stop. And 
when tlie animals fall off quit« full, we may apply the cup- 
ping-initrumcnt, wliidi tlten attracts the matters within. And 

iu nil 


if tltcrc be sufHcient cracoation, we are to applj atypcics 
tho wounds; but UieM not of a stimulant nature, such aa 
qiiders' web*, the manna of rrankincense, and aloe, which are to i 
be aprinkltid in powder on the patt; or bread btnled with rue| 
or m«lilot, and the ro6(a of marsh-mallow; but on the third | 
day a oeia(e, nudo with nut-ben, or the hairy Icaives of worm- 1 
wood and iiia. The malaginata Bhould be such as are cal- ' 
culated to attenuate, rarify, or prove diuretic Of these iIm 
best is that " from seeds" (4iatpermat4n) well known to all 
physicians from experience. That also is a good one of w' 
marjoram and uiclilot arc ingredients. 

The food should be light, digcatible, poaMtaed of diuretio 
qualities, and which will quickly pOM through the bowels; 
such as granulutod sevds of spelt (a/iM*) with honcycd-watcr, 
and • draught of these aniclet with salts and dill, 'llic juice 
of pUsan, also, is detergent; and if you will add some of the 
ntds of carrot, vou will make it more diuretio: for it evacuate* 
by (he passages which lead from tho liver to the kidneys; and 
this is the most auitable outlet for matters passing out Irota 
the liver, owing to tlie widcnces of the vessels and the straight- 
ttesa of the paaaage. We must alaa attract tliither by cupping, 
iq>plying the instrumeut to the region of the kiduey* in the 
Ituns. To thew parts, lotions are also to be applied, prepared ' 
with nie, the juiious, or calamus aromaticus. By tliese meaa^ 
it is to be hoped that the patient may escape death. 

But wlien it is turning to a suppuration, we must use the 
suppurative medicines which will be described by me under 
the head of colics. But if pus is formed, how the coUection is 
to be opened, and how treated, will be explained by roe in 
another place. The same obeenrations apply to tho spleen, ia 
the event of an ioBammation seizing this part also. 

' Soa, En particular, Dr. Daram- Iba x^ipot, ap. Oribasiuin, 
bergi'B elaborate dis»ert«tion on p.fiOOi 




TuE inflamtnation of tli« wna mvit >nd large artery, which 
extend aloug tho spine, was called a species of Causua bjr 
ihoee of forotoi Umea. For in tltese cases the afiections are 
limilar: febrile heat acute and acrid, loatbing of food, tbint, 
rctUcamcn; a palpitating pulsation in the hj-pochondriac 
t^on and in tbe back, and the other ■ymptoms (Icscribcd hj 
ne under iLia head. MorooTer, the febrile heat tends to syn- 
cope, B3 in cascfl of causus. For, indeed, tl>c liver is formed 
by the rocU of the Tctns, and the heart is tlic original of the 
artery. You may anppoec, then, that the upper portiooK of 
iheM viacttra are subject to fiital ailments; for it is tlie heart 
which imparla heat to the artery, and the liver which conveya 
blood to the vein; and being both mighty parts, the inSamma* 
tiona, likewise, which spring from them are greaL 

Wherefore we are to open the reins at the elbow, and 
abstract a considorable amount of blood ; not all at once, how- 
ever, but at two or three times, and on a difiV-rcot <iuy, so that 
tbo ktrcngth may recruit during the ioterval. Then we are to 
ap[^y a cupping-instrument and cataplasms to the hypochoD- 
drium, where is the pulsation of tlie artery; and also betwoeo 
the ecftpuhe, for there, too, there are pulsation*. We arc to 
Bcarify unsparingly, and abstract much blood; for from thia 
sort of evacuation the patients are not much prone to deliquiuin. 
The bowels, also, arc apt to be unusually confined, and cmol- 
licnt clysters are to be used to lubricate ihcm, but not on any 
account acrid ones: for they suffer an increase of fever from 
brine and the melting of the natron. The juice, therefore, of 
linseed and of fenugreek, and the decoction of the roots of 



inallowf, are suflicient to rouse and stimulate tW bowels. The! 
extremities, namely, the foct and hands, wre to U wwniedj 
with gleucinuro,' or Sicjronijin oil, or uritii tlie liniment fromJ 
lemnullsj for th«H parti of tlicm become very oold. Andj 
before the adminirtratlon of food, we must give draughts lal 
promote the urinary discharge, conuinjng apigoel, asarabacca,^ 
and wormwood, to which some nutron in powder is to be j 
added. But of all siich medicines tlie strongeM are caaoa and I 
dnnamon, provided one has plenty of it. In such cases, milk | 
is hotli food und medicine; for tliey stand in need of refngera- 
tion, a sort of (ire being wrapped up within; and also of eweet 
food, and of that a copious supply in small bulk. Such virtues 
millc possesses as an anicle of food. Plenty of the milk of an 
ass which has just had a foal is to be given, and to two cupfuls 
of the milk one of water ia to be added. That of tho cow ia 
alao very good; and, thirdly, that of a goat The articlca of 
food should be of ca^y digMtion; for the moat part juicea, 
lucb as that from the juice of the fennel; and let panley aeed 
be added to it, and honey. And (he water which is 
should contain these things. 

But we must also promote sweats, and in every way 
the penpiratioD moist and free. Lotions to the head, as in 
cases of caucus. An epitheme to the chest and left mamma, 
such as in syncope. To lie in bed with the head elevated, so 
that everything may be alike as in causus. Gestation to a 
small extent, so as to provoke sweats; a batli, also, if he be 
burned up within. For thoe affections do not paw off by 
crises, even though they be fonnn of causiu. 

' Tli« olntnMnt or oil from must. Bm Paiiliw jl^nela, Liii. {KflftS. 





Ikfi^mhatiok in the kidneys ie of an acute nature; for tLe 
veins posaiog from tho liver u> ibe kidneys arc inflninod nt Uic 
same lime, and with these the liver; for theae veins arc not 
very long, but are very hroad, so a« to give the kidneyx tho 
appcftrnnc« of being suspended new the Urcr. But rupprc^ 
sion of urine takes pUc« along with the inftamniatton, thereby 
contributing to the intensity of the inflammation; for the 
cavity of tlie kidneys is filled by the overflow of the urine 
which failA to escape. The same happens also with stone*, 
provided one lurger than the breadth of the ureters be formed 
in the kidneys: it then becoDK-a seated tliere, and, nut passing 
through, it occasions a stoppage of the uiine. But we will 
treat of the formation of calculi among the chronic dtscoaet; 
how they may either be prevented from forming, or how they 
may be broken when formed. With regard to heat and ob- 
Ntruction, such of these aGTections as prove quickly fatal will be 
described by me in this place. 

Whether it be impaction of stones, or whether it be inflam- 
mation, we must open the vein at the elbow, unless a particular 
period of life prove an obstacle, and blDO<l mu.n be taken in a 
full stream and in large quantity. For not only arc inflam- 
mations alleviated by evacuation, but also impacted stones arc 
slackened by the evacuation of the vossels, and thus the stones 
escape during the passing of the urine. Then the parts are 
to be reUxed by bathing them with oil of must or of privet, 
and by fomentations and cataplasms. 'I'he herb southern- 
wood, the BchoentiS) and calamus aromaticuB, should form the 
ingredients of tho cataplasms. Tlien we are to apply 
the cupping-instrument over the kidneys, in the loins, more 



especially if the evacuation from Hi'is place hu been of service- 
Hie bowds arc to be aliened by lubricating clysters, rather of 
ft viscid than of an send natum, Micli as the juleea either of 
mallows or of fenugreek. Sometitnes, also, diuretic medicines 
are to be given Wforc food, Kuch ta are described respecting 
the liver, and also similar food of ea^ digestion: for in &ucli 
coses indigrauon is bnd. Wdk ia a most excellent article, espe- 
cially that of an ass; next, of a marc; even that of an ewe or a 
goat b useful, as being a kind of roillc. If, tl>en, they be free 
offerer, it is better also to prescribe the bath; but if not, they 
are to be placed in asitz-bath formed of the decoction of herbi^ 
filling the Te«el up to their naveL But if it be fumed to 
suppuration, wliat cataplasms and other medicines we are to 
use liave formerly been laid down by us on many occasions. 

But, if the stone stick, we arc to use the same fomentations 
and cataplasms^ and try to break the stones with medicines 
taken in the form of drink. The eimplea arc the herbs waters 
parsnip and jtrwnUir,^ boiled with oil or edible vinegar, taxi 
the juice of it taken for drink : the compound ones are, that 
named firom Vestinus, that from vipers and tKe reptile the 
akink, and such as from experience appear to be bcsL Gesta- 
tion and Buccus<ion arc calculated to promote the tnovemont 
and protniaon of the calculi; for the passage of calculi into 
the bladder is very painful. But if the stones drop out, the 
patients become free from pain, which they liave not been 
•ocastomed to be, not even in their dreams; and, as if escaped 
from inevitable evils, tliey feel relieved both in mind and io 

' I am at a losa to d«oido what 
herb this WM, It is ui>t notiouil 
either by Thoophntstus or Diosce- 
ridcB. Itnlood, I am not aworo 
tliat it occurs clj^owbcrv, exoepl iu 
ths wotiofTmllian, viji.4, Polit, 

I know not oa vLat auUioritj, 
■uggosto that it w the aipf4nimot 
orforoaL Uddel and Scott iden- 
tify it with the n'trtpvr, bilt do Dot 

givo their grounda tor boidioi thia 








Acute aficctioDs, n»cmbling ihoee of the kidiicjv, form also 
in the bladder; namvlyi inBamtnatioiu, ulcemlions, calculi, 
and ttic obstructions from clots, and, along with these, siip- 
preesion of urine and stmngury. But in this part the pain is 
more acute, and death most epeedj; for the bladder is a broad 
acnrc, whereas the kidneys are like a concretion of blood, of 
the same species as the lirer. But, tnorrover, the suOWings 
are most dreadful and most lamcnuble: 

for ihian, hj for, 
Ob wretched mon mokt cruel puna inffieta the god of war. 

We must, tlicreforc, straightway make an incision in tho 
ilanks, and soothe the bladder b; means of a fomenutiou of 
much oil, with rue and dill. But if grumous blood be the 
cause of the pains and stoppage of the urine, ve are to give 
oxymd to drink, or a little quantity of lime witl» honeyed- 
water for tho solution of the clots, and also such other things, 
both herbs and seeds, as promote tho secretion of urine. But 
if there he danger from hemorrhage, it is to be stopped with- 
out delay, more than in the other cases; for the danger from 
it is not small. We must remedy it by the medicines which 
l«top bleeding. In this case refrigeration of the bladder is 
bcocGcial; bathing with rose-oil and wine, and wrapping the 
parts in cloths made of unwashed wool.' An cpithcme may 
be formed with dates soaked in wine, with pomegranate or the 
juice of sumach. But if the patient is averse to the weight of 

< This prooMS is veir ciroum- CoU.x.18. Dr. Danmborg trana- 
stiuitialljr desoribed liy Orlbasiua lat«8 it, CtnratdtmuiU avte If 
under the Dome at KartiX^ait. Mod. bmui**. 



the epitlicmcs and the great cooling, they muBt botli be given 
up; for WG must not cool greail; a part naluiully thin and 
cold like the bladder. But wo ar« to anoini the purta with 
oil of murt, or acacia, or hjpocistis with wine. But we muat 
not use iponges, unlcu the hctnorrhngc be very urgent. The 
food should be litrinnceous, of easy digpetion, whotcvotne, 
diuretic, such a« hare beet) described by me under the bend of 
the indncys; tnilk, twcct wine, the 'I'henean and Scylwliti& 
Medicines should be drunk which are diuretic, fragnuit, and 
diffusible, and other siicli things. A very excellent thing for 
the bladder is eiead/t roasted, in scftson, as on article of food ; 
Mid out of seuon, when dried and triturated with water. Let 
also a little of the root of noid be boil«d up witii the cicada. 
The same tilings niay be uaed for preparing a bslh to sit in for 
relaxation of the bladder. 

But, if it be the impacUon of calculi which Hope the urine, 
we must push away the calculus and draw off the urine, with 
the ioslTument, the catheter, unless there be inflammations; 
tot, ia inflummalions, neither do tlie passages well admit the 
instrument, and in addition (hey are hurt by the enlhctcr. 
But if this treatment be inadmissible, and the parent is nearly 
killed with the sufierings, we must make an incUion in the 
part under the gUatt ptnit, and the neck of the bladder, in 
order to procure an outlet for the stone and the expulsion of 
the urine. And we must particularly endeovour to cure the 
part by bringing the wound to cicatriEation. But if not, it is 
better that the patient should have a flux of urine for the 
remainder of his lifcj than that ho should die most mtwrably 
of the pain. 





The ut«rus in women has membraneB exteoded on botli ndcs 
at the flank*, iind also is subject to the aSectiooB of an animal 
in smelling; fur it fol Ions aft«r fragrunt things as if for pleasure, 
and flees from fetid and disagreeable thing! as if for dislike. 
If, therefore, anything annoy it from above, it protrudes ereo 
hcyond tho genital organs. But if any of ibeae things be 
applied to the os, it retreats backwurda and upwards. Some- 
times it will go to this side ot to that, — to the spleen and 
liver, while the membranes yield to the distension and a<m- 
traction like the sails of a ship. 

It suiFers in this wny also from inllamnution ; and it pro* 
trudcs more than usual in this affection and in the swelling of 
its neclc; for infUmmation of the fundus inclines upwards; but 
if downwards to the feet, it protrudes cxiernally, a trouble- 
some, painful and unseemly complaint, rendering it difficult 
to walk, to lie on the side or on the back, unless the woman 
BufFcr from inflummation of the foot. But if it mount up- 
wards, it very speedily suffocates the woman, and slops the 
respiration as if with a cord, before she feels pain, or can 
scream aloud, or can call upon the spectators, for in many 
cases the respiration is 6rst stopped, and in others the 
speech. It is proper, then, in these cases, to call the phja- 
cian (jttickty before the patient die. Should you fortunately 
arrive in time and ascertain that it is inflamma^on, you must 
open a vein, especially the one at the ankle, and pursue the 
other means which prove remedial in sufTocution without in- 
flammation : ligatures of the hands and feet so tight us to 
induce torpor; smelling to fetid substances— liquid pitch, hsiis 
and wool burnt, tho extinguiflied Hame of a lamp, and castor, 




siDOC, ia addiUon Ui its bad Bindt, it wuma the oongoaled 
DCrvcs. Old urioe (p^atly rouees tho scatc of one in u death- j 
like state, and drives Um uterus downwrnrdn. Wlieniiure wo' 
must apply frngraat things oa peaBarivs to tlie region of th« 
utenid^any ointment of a mild nature, and uot pungent to 
the touch, nard, or ^gyptinn bacchar, or Uie medicine from 
the leaves of the maUbatlimm, the Indian tree,' or ctnnamon 
pounded with anj of the fra^frant oils. These articles are to 
he nibbod into the female parts. And uUo an injection of 
these tiling is to be thrown into the utvni*. The anuH is to 
bo mbbod with applications which dispel fiatus ; and injections 
of things not acrid, but softening, viscid, and lubricant, 
to be gi%'cn for the cxpulnon of the (feces solely, so that the 
region of the uterus may be emptied, — with tlie juice of 
niandi -mallow, or of fenugreek, but let nielilot or maijornni 
be boiled along with the oil. But, if the uterus stands in 
need of support nitlier than cvucnation, the abdomen is to be 
compressed by the hands of u strong woman, or of an expert , 
man, binding it round also with a roller, when yon have 
replaced the part, so that it may not ascend upwards again. 
Having produced ancexing, you must compress the nostrils; 
for by the sneezing and straining, in certain cases, the utcrua 
has returned to its place. We arc to blow into the nostrils 
a\so Gome of the root of aoapwort,* or of pepper, or of castor. 
We are also to apply the inatruntent for dry-etipping to the 
^ighs, loins, tlio tschiatic regions, and groins, in order to 
attract the uterus. And, moreover, we are to apply il to the 
i^ine, and between the scapulae, in order to relieve the senaoJ 
of eufibcation. But if the feeling of suffocation be connected 
with inflaromation, we may also scarify the vein leading alon^ 
the pubea, and abstract plen^ of blood. FricdtMi <^ the 

' A xpMiiM of wild oinnamou or 
flHiik-treu. SeeEdiaburBb Urwlt 

Lexi con, Appendix, under tlio tana, 
' Tlie Sapomaria v^ieinalit. 



count«Dance, plucking of th« hsir, with bawling oloud, in 
order to nroiiac Should the patient partiuUy recover, stie i» 
to be seated in a deooctioa of aromati<:ji, aud fumigated from 
below with fragTBnt perfumt-s. Also before a menl, she is to 
driolc of ca^or, and a liitJe quttntity of the hiera with the 
castor. And if relieved, she ia to bathe, and at the proper 
season ia to return to her accustomed habits; and we tntut look 
to the woman that her menstnuil discharges flow fredj. 



IxFLAMMATlOK of the nerves in the genit&t organs oocaaions 
erection of the member with desire and pain in n rmerta : 
there arise spasmodic strainings which at no time abate, since 
the calamity is not soothed by the coition. They also become 
maddened in understanding, at first as regards sharaeleesncss 
in the open performance of the act; for the inability to refrain 

renders them impudent; but aAerwards when they 

have recovered, their understanding becomes <]uite settled. 

For all tliese caiuea, we must open the Tcin at the elbow, 
and also the one at the anlclo, and abstract blood in Urge 
quantity and frequently, for now it ia not untcosonable to 
induce ddiquium animi, so ai to bring on torpor c^ the 
understanding and remission of the inflnmmation, and also 
mitigation of the heat about the member; lor it ia much blood 
which strongly enkindles the hent and audacity ; it ia the 
pabulum of the inBammation, and tlie fuel of the disorder of 
the undcratanding, and of the confunon. The whole body ia 
to be purged with the medicine^ the faiem; for the patients 
sot only require purging, but also a gentle medicalton, both 

GQ 2 


wliicli objects are scoomplulied by tbe Uera. The genital 
organs, the loins, the perineum and die tesUcles, uro to be 
wrapped in unwashed wool; but tlie wool miut be moisteaed 
with rose-oil and wine, and the parts batlied, so tnucb the 
more that no heating may be produced by the wool, but that 
th« ionalo heat may bo mitigated by tho cooling powera of the 
fluids. Cataplasms of a like kind are to bo applied; bread with 
the juico of plantain, strychnoe,' endire, the leaves of the poppy, 
and the other narcotics and refrigerants. Also the genitul 
organs, perineum, and ischiatic region, arc to be nibbed with 
nmilar things, such as cicuta with water, or wine, or vinegar; 
mandragora, and acacia; and sponges are to be used instead of 
wool. In the interval we are to open the boweU with a 
decoction of mallows, oil, and honey. But everything acrid 

Cupping-instruments are to be fixed to the ischiatic 

region, or the abdomun; leeches also are very good for at- 
tracting blood from the inner parts, and to tlieJr bites a 
a cataplasm made of crumbs of bread with marsh-mallows. 
Then the patient is to have a sits bath medicatol with worm- 
wood, and the decoction of sage, and of flea-banc. Hut when 
the afiection is protracted for a considcruble time without 
any coTresponding intcrmlBsion, there is danger of a convul- 
non (for in this affection the patients are liable to convulsions), 
we must change the system of treatment to cale&cients, tliero 
is need of oil of must or of Sicyonian oil instead of oil of roaea, 
along with clean wool and warming cataplasms, for such 
treatment then Hoothes the inflammations of the nerves, — and 
we must aUo give castor with honeyed-water in a draught. 
Food containing little nourishment, in a cold state, in email 
quantity, and sucli as is furiimccous; mostly pot-hcrhs, the 
mallow, the blite, the lettuce, boilod gourd, boiled cucumber. 

' Doubtful whether bo meanii 
tba SolaHum nigrum at t'hytalU 

Kmttaftra. Sm hulas .^gioeta, 
t., SCO. 


ripe pompon. Wine and fleshes to be used eparingly nndl 
convalescence have made considerable progress; for wine im- 
parts warmth to the nerves, soothes the soul, recalls pleasuie, 
engenders semen, and provokes to venery. 

Thus far have I written reapecUng the cures of acute dis- 
eases. One must also be fertile in expedients, and not require 
to apply his mind entirely to the writings of others. Acute 
diseases are thus treated of, so that you may avail yourself of 
what has been written of them, in their order, either ringly 
or all together. 






Tbb Prdaob . 


Cdbe or Cbfhalju. . 


Cure of VBanoo 


CuBB or Epilbtst 


Coax or Melancbolt 


Core of Uania * 


CcRa of Pabaltsir • 

• VII. 

CnRE OF Pbthbib " 

• VIII. 


• IX. 

Cdrb of AsacRB^Ea of ih£ 

LoNoa • 


Cure of Abthha. * 


Cdbs or Fmeouodeb • 

• XIL 

Cube of the Litbb • 


Core of the Splbjm • 


Cure of Jaumdich * 

• XV. 

Cube of Cachexia • 

• XVI. 







Ik chronicdiseaMs, the postponement of medical treatment is a 
bad thing; for, bj procrastmation, they pass into incurable affec- 
tions, being of such a nature that ttiey do not readily go off if 
they once attack; and if protracted by time, thoy will become 
strong, and end only in death. Small dii<c*»v8 also are succeeded 
by greater, so that although d«void of danger at first, their 
progeny proves deadly. Wherefore neither should the patient 
conceal his complaint, Irom the shame of exposure, nor shrink 
from fear of the treatment; nor should the physician be inac- 
tire, for thus both vould conspire to render the disease in- 
curable. Some patients, from ignorance of the present and 
vhat will oome at last, are content to live on with the disease- 
For since in most cuscs they do not die, so neither do they 
fear death, nor, for lliis reason, do they entrust themselves to 
the physician. Cephalsea, of which I am about to treat in the 
first place, is a proof of these Matementa. 





TftK head, tnasmucli as it is Decessary tovranis life, so is it 
ftUo very dangerous in disease. And lite onKt of diseases 
about it is quite tolerable, being attended with dliglit pain, 
noises in the curs, and heavinss; hut if they acquiru increase, 
they become futal at last. Wherefore evcii sliglil pBiiis should 
not be overlooked, and, in certain 4»ses, they have bcvn cured 
by slight remedies. But if prolonged for a longer !i{mcc, as 
greater sufferings supervene, we must open the vein at the 
elbow. But, for two days previous, the patient must get wine 
to drink, and the quantity of blood abstracted must be rrgu- 
latod by the strength ; and it is best not to make tlie whole 
ovACU&tion at once, so tliat the strength may bear the amount 
thereof; and the dinease is rather removed by the repetition of 
the means. The same rule applies to all chronic dist-uacs. 
During an interval of three or four days, a fuller diet is to be 
given, and then the purgative biera b lo be taken in a 
dnught; for it, in an especial manner, draws tlte pabulum of 
the disease from the head. The quantity of the medicine 
given is lo be to the amount of four or five drams. And if 
well purged, wc are to Hdminietcr the bath, give wine, and 
improve the strength. Then agiun wc arc to open the suaight 
rein {temporalf) on the fordicad, for abttraetion by it is most 
efficacious; the amount, about a bemina (kalf-pmtf) or a little 
more. But we must not evacuate further, foi wo must avoid 
emptying the vessels. Then, iiaving removed the hair with a 
razor, we are first to apply one cupping-Instrument to Lite 
vertex, and another between thu scapuhc, witltout drawing 
blood; but along with the instrument applied to the vertes. 





ve ate to Karify QDsparingly, (br the purposo of attraetuig the 
redundant fluid and of making an incision in the deep-«eated 
parts. For Tcmcdial m<MinB applied even to the bones are bene- 
ficial in ccphaisca. When the wound* arc ctcatmcd, vc arc to 
excise a portion of the arteries;' (of these there are two, one 
behind the earv, at a httle distance from them, being obvioua 
firom their pulsations; the others in front of the cat, and close 
to it, fer they lie close to the antitn^ui; and these aUo are 
discovered by their pulsations); we are to indse the larger 
ones at the bones, for they nflbrd relief. Adjacent to them are 
others, very slender, which there is no benefit from excising, 
The mode of operating has been described under opeiatire 
surgery. 'ITiis is the great remedy in ccplvalwa, epilepsy, 
vertigo, and, in line, in all the diseases of the head. 

In all cases we arc to bring off phUtgm, first uracaating the 
bowels, either by a purgative draught, or by a clyster; and 
•ometimt^ from the nostrils by sternutatories; and sometime* 
from the mouth by nalogoguea. Among tlie kinds of stcmn- 
tatoiics are pepper, the root of soapwort, and the testicle of 
the beaver; these may all be used together; having levigated 
and sifW) them, -we are to blow the powder in, ^ther with a 
reed or the thick stalk of a goose quill. Euphorbium is more 
active and stronger tlian tliese when mixed with any of them. 
It b also mixed up witli the oils, sueh as fflrucmum, the 
Sicyonian, or the ointment from storax. It is made into a 
liquid form as an injection, and it is injected by means of a 
usal pipe; the instrument conneta of two pipes united 
together by one outlet, to that we can inject by both at tlia 
same time. For to dilate each nostril separately is a thing 
which could not be home, as the head gets quickly filled, and 
thus contracts a sharp pain. Tlic medicines which evacuate 
phlegm bom the mouth are, mustard, the ffrtmum cntdtum. 

' S«e I^uliM lEgioeta, b. vi, 0. 



pepper, staveMcre, theae either together or separately; and': 

one may maMicate theee aubetances and spit out constantly; 

and give ihcin inbted up with water or honeyed-water, cuue 

the mouth, and prees them back to the toosila with stretchiog^ 

of the neck, thus wash out along with the biesth in ezpin- 

tion;* and when yon have cvacuatod phlegm as much as you 

think proper, you must bathe and foment the head with a 

very large quantity of hot water to promote perspiration, for 

the obetnictiona become strong. 

Supper should be spare ; but wino also b to be g^ven^ 

ivitore the lone of tho stomach, for it also suffers in thifl 

complaint. When, in the meantime, you have re-cstabli^hcd 

the strength, you will require to give a common clyster having 

qirinklod upon it much natron, or duwolving it in two drama 

of the rctin of the turpentine tree. On the next day we aro 

to abstract blood from tlte inside of the nostriLt, and for this 

purpose push into them the long instrument named Katiddvm, 

or the one named Toryne, or, in want of tbeec, we must take 

the thick quill of a goose, and having scooped the nervous 

part of it into teelli like a saw, we are to push it down tho 

nostrils as far as the ethmoid oclla, then sliake it with both | 

hands so that the part may be scariGed by ita teeth. Thus we ) 

^U have a ready and copious flow of blood; for slender \ 

veins terminate there, and the parts are soft and easily cut. 

The common people have many modes of scarification, by ' 

n>ugh herbs, and the dried leaves of the bay, which they i 

iatroduoe with tho fingers and move strongly.' Having . 

evacuated to a sufficient amount — say to the amount of half a I 

bcmioa — wc are to wipe the parts with sponges and oxycrate, { 

or blow in some styptic powder, gall, Gssil alum, or tho i 

flower of the wild pomogntnate. ^H 

* Thin is rathw an ebaour* do- * Ou this pnetiecs soe Pauhia \ 
■criptioD of tlio aimpla proo^M cf i^iiKita, torn. i. p. 3Se^ ^3^ 
garbing. See tbo note of I^>tit. Edit. 




Wlietlier the pain remain, or ocase after these things, we 
must go on to th« coaclusion of the sjrstetn of treatment; 
for the mischief a apt to Ktuni, and frequvntly lurks in tho 
9cat of llie diMase. Wherefore, having removed the hair 
with a razor (and this also is beaicGcial to tlie head), we are to 
barn with heated canb^ries, Euperficially, down to the inuscies; 
or if you wish to amy the burning to the bone, jou must 
avoid the muscles, for the muscles when burnt occasion con- 
Ttilsiong. And if you burn superficially you must foment tlio 
part with plenty of fnigrant sweet wine, along with ro«c-u!l; 
a linen cloth welted with tliiB is to be spread over tlie e»chara 
until the third day. But, if the eschars be deep, having 
pounded the hairy leaves of leeks witli salt, and spread upon 
a linen rag, we ar« to apply it. On the third day, we arc to 
put the cerate from rose-oil upon tho superficial cedtar^ and 
lentil with honey upon the deeper. The medidnal applications 
to be made to the wound will be described in another plac«. 
Some have nude an incision in tlio skin above the forehead, 
at the coronal suture, down to the bone, and having scraped it, 
or out out a portion down to the difJoe, have afterwards 
brought the part to incamaUon. Some have perforated 
the bone, even to the mcningx. These are bold remedies, 
but are to be used, if, after all, tlic cej^ialasa continue, 
and the patient be courageous, and the tons of the body 

But, if they progtees gradually, they are to take exercises 
in the erect state of the body for the benefit of the chest and 
shoulders; the cMronomy,'' the throwing of the /mi/era; leap- 
ing, and the well-regulated contortions of the body occom- 

' On tIiiaA<roicTOotboiJoftre«t- 
ing diecuies of the head, noo I'nulan 
yEgineU, t.ii. pp.248-250, anil 8d8, 
Syd- Soa. Edit. Sefure making 
trial of it, I would rewinmend tha 

raoder to conault the port of Da 
Hmo'b workH th»re rcfprrtnJ to. 

' SwOribio>iiiisTi.30,^ 
ed. Duawmakcr and Dnrtnaburt;. • 



pnnying it; frictton, Snt and lost of tlie limbt, of the head 
in the naiddle of the procca. 

'I'hc prooeaa of pitching^ is to be frcqoently applied to tho 
head; nud also mbefacieots, nmctiincs nibbing is raustsird 
wiili double quantitjf of bread, ho that the heat may not be 
intolenble; and samctimca other mudiciiicd arc to be so used, 
like the compound from lemnevtlH, euphorbium, and pcUitorj. 
The jaieo of thapMA, and tlic mediclnea made with it which 
produce »wcllii)g of theslcin, and on eruption resembling van, 
are beneficial both for allaying preaent pain and contributing 
to eradicate the oril. 

The diet in both kinds of the complaint should be light; 
little drink, water for drink, eepecially before giving any 
medicine; complete abttinenco from acrid things, each a» 
onions, garlic, the juice of rilphivun, but not altogether from 
mustard, for iu acrimony, in addition to its being stomachic, 
i> not unplcoMHt to the head, di$»)lving phlegm, and exhaling 
or discharging downwards. Of pulse, the worst is the com- 
mon bean and its species, the common peas, and the species 
called ochryt,^ and the common kidney-beans; next to them 
ore the Itintilit, wliigh have indeed certain good properties lot 
promoting iligcMion and secretion, but induce fulness of tha 
head aiid occomoq pnin; only when boiled with pepper tlicy 
ore not to be rtyeclcd. Granulated spelt {aHca) when washed, 
ifl pleasant along with wine and honey, so as to sweeten, and, 
iu like manner, their soupe, and with plain broths. The eeeds 
of eatui, coriander, anise, and parsley, in the Ljdian sauoe* 
are eatcdlcnt. But, of these articles, the best are the herba 
mint and penny-royal, with the fragrant things which have 
some diuretic and carminative propertica. Of fleshes, all such 

* SeePkiihis ^{iaeta, LL p.S!^ 
jagrd. Soc. Edit. 

* The pUua ocHtyi. 

* See Heayt&liu, nndur mip'Mui 
and — cf, AUmo. Dcip. ]>.&l«,Bd. 





OB ar« old axe b«d; of the recently killed, that of the ben is 
goo<]; of birds, the wood pif^eon, the oomroon pigeon, and 
such others as are not very fat; Uie extremities of the swine; 
the roasted hare; that of the ox and of tha sheep is incrassint 
and tills the head; the kid i» not altogethei bad. MUk and 
eheusc occasion headache. Of fishes, thote found among 
roclc9, and those thingit thnt arc beet in each particular 
country. Of potherbs, eucli as promote the tirinory and alvine 
dischargea, the mallow, tlte blii«, the buut, and a?piuagu»; but 
the kale is also acrid. Among raw articles, the lettuce is the 
best of all. Boots are bad, even when boiled, such as radishes, 
navows, and parsnipe, which are diuretic, but occasion replc- 
tios; the garden parsnip indeed is flatulent and swells up 
the stomach. Wine which is white, thin, and sweet, is to be 
ittted, if it have some ostringcncy, to as not to bind the 
Bwels. All articles of the dessert occasion headache, except 
dales of every species. In autumn the fig and grape are 
wholesome, and whatever other fruit is wry good at any 
particular season. Repletion of all things, even of such as ar9 
proper, iabad; and so, also, indigestion is bod. Lassitude is 
less injurious than indigestion, but still it is hurifuL I'he 
morning walk after evacuation of tlie bowels, but so as not to 
affect the breatliing nor induce weariness; and it is also very 
good after supper. Prolonged gestation, not exposed to wind 
or sun, u good for tho head; but the dog-«tar is bad for it. 
Sexual intercourse is a self-inflicted evil to the head and 
nerves. A journey from a cold to a warmer climate, or bom 
a humid to a drier, is proper; also a sea-voyage, and paaeing 
one's life at sea; and if one lives by the sea-side it is a good 
thing to bathe in tlie sea-walcr, to tumble on tho sands, and to 
reside close by the sea. 

The remedies for helertKrama arc the same; for it is well to 
apply to a portion of the head the fame remedies us are proper 
for the whole of it. In all cases In which the disease is not 


lemoTed by then means, wc aie to oco hellebore, u being 
last and moat potent of all methods of trcstmcut. 




VeuTIQO arises u the tucocMor of ocphidaBa; but also springs 
up as ft primary nfTection from certain causes, as the supprcmoa 
of the hemorrhoidal flux; and if blood which used to flow 
from the note has ceased to flow; or if the body has not 
perq)ircd properly, either by sweating, or labour, when it had . 
been used to labour. If then it arise as the consequenoc (^ ^| 
ccphalina, we must do for its cure those things which have been ^^ 
dcaciibed under cephahea; and I will afterwards state certain 
other more powerful means which must be tried ultimately. 
But if the disease happen irom the suppression of any of tho 
humours, we must excite the customary secreUmi ; for the 
recurrence of nature promotes recovery. If it be delayed, and 
the disease increases, in the other suppKeaoaa, tliose by tin 
nose or sweats, we are to open the vein at the elbow ; but in 
plethora of the liver, spleen, or any of the viscera in the 
middle of the body, cupping atTords relief, but as much hloocl 
as is taken from a vein, so much is to be thus abstracted from 
them ; for it ia the nutriment of the exciting cause, in like 
manner ax tho bi^lly. After this the remedies of the head oie 
to be applied, opening the straight vein on the forehead, or 
those ai tlic canthi on either ade of the nose; a cupping- 
instrument is to be fastened to the vertex, the {temporal f) 
arteries ure to be excised, the head shaven, rubelacicnts applied 
to it, phlegm evacuated from the nostrils by sternutatories, or 
from the mouth as I have stated — all these things aro to be 




done la the order described under ccphalaa, except that the 
jnico of sow-bread or of pimpernel u to be used as an injcc* 
tion into the noeo. 

But when you have exhausted all the remediee for ccphatica, 
thv more violent means vbtch arc applicable for vertigo are 
to be used; wc mutt use the emeti<M af\cr supper, and Uiose 
from ladishen, which 't» alto required m a preparation for tlia 
hellebore; for the stomach in lo be trained beforehand to the 
more violent emetics. But tlie phlegm now become* thinner, 
and fit for solution in the hellebore. There are KTentl modes 
of giving the hellebore; to the stronger sort of patient« it is to 
be given to tliosize o? i^ sesane,^ or a little larger; or, in slices, 
with washed chondros or lentil, the dose, about two drams. 
In the case of feebler and more slender persons, the decoction 
with honey, to the amount of two or throe spoonfuls, is to be 
given. The manner of preparing it will be described else- 
where. In the interval between each remedy, the patient i« to 
be supported, in order that he may be able to cndui« what is 
to be given in the intermediate periods. 

The patient is to be asusted during the paroxysms thus>-^ 
The legs are to bo bound above the ankles and knees; and the 
wrists, and the arms below the shooldere at the elbows. The 
head la to be batlied with iose<oil and vinegar; but in the oil 
wo must boil wild-thyme, cow-[>sr«nip, ivy, or something such. 
Friction of the extremities niid (ace. Smelling to vinegar, 
penny-royal, and mint, and these things with vinegar. Sepa- 
ration of the jaws, for sometimes the jaws are locked togcthor; 
the tonnla to be tickled to provoke vomiting; for by the dis- 
charge of phlegm they are sometimes roused &om their gloom. 
These tbings, then, arc to be done, in order to alleviate tlie 
paroxyam and dispel the gloomy condition. 

r paroxys 

^H ■ Tlie (Mamiim (mmtaU, or oiljr-grain of the Ewt. See Apiwnilix to 
^B the Edinbnrgti Orook Louooo. 


With n^rd to the regimen during the whole period of tl 
t)r«Mii)«nt and aficnrarda, 1 hold as follows: — ilucb sleep j 
bad, and likewise iasomnolcnc; ; for truly much elecp stupi 
fie* the Bcnsce of the h«ad. Fiom ft redundance of vftpoui 
there ia disincliiuitioii to crcry i^erUon; and these aic al. 
the cause of the weight in the head, the ooiws, and 
£«shee of light, which arc the niarkii of the diccasc. la. 
uolency induocH dyspejiEift, atrophy, and wcaiid out the bod; 
the ff)irit9 dug, and the underMuiding in unsettled; und f< 
thcee reaaona nioh pativnta readily pass into toania and melan 
oholy. Moderate aleep ia suitable for the proper digea^on a 
the food and rei'reslunent from tlic labours of the day; oax 
and peraeveranoe tu tlicso rcflpecta; and particular attention i 
to bo paid to tho evacuation of the bowels, for tiie belly i« tb^ 
greater source of the bodily perE]>iration. Kextj fiiction tt 
the limbs, by means of rough toweb, so as to produco tubal 
fiiction; then, of the bock and fiides; last, of the head. Afieef 
wards, cxerciae in walking, gcnile at Gnit and 
carried to running in the middle; rest and traD()uiUit 
brealliing (pnmma) afler the walking, 'iliey arc to practisj 
Tociferation, using grave tones, for eharp occasion dietensiod 
of the head, palpitation of the temples, puleatoiy moveoientd 
of the brain, fulness of the eyes, and noises in the can. SotmdJ 
of medium intensity are beneficial to the head. Then the seasoq 
of gestation aliould be regulated soas to promote the cxpuUioq 
of the weight in the head; it should be prolonged, yet not 
as to induce fatigue; neither should gestation be made 
tortuous places, nor where there are frequent bondings of th* 
road, for these arc provocative of vertigo. But let the wa 
be straight, long, and smooth. ]f then the patients faavo 
in the habit of taking lunch, wc must only allow of a lit 
bread, so as to be no impediment to (he exercises; for dii 
tion should take place previously. Tlic head and the hands 
and the frictions thereof, are to be attended to; in the lattex i^ 

in the end! 
uiUity of llJ 




u to be gently pcrfHined for tfav restoration of thtt heal, for 
plumpness, and strengtli. Then tlic h<^ u to be nibbed while 
tlie patient stands erect below a pcnon of bigbcr stature ihaa 
himself. Gjmtnastics skilfully perfbraicd which tend to disten- 
sion of the neck, and strong exercise of lh« hands. It is proper, 
also, by raising the head, to exercise the eyes Atchironomy, or 
at throwing tlicquott, or contending at boxing. The cxcrdao 
both with the large and tlie nnoll ball ia bad, for the rolling of 
the head and eyes, and the intense fixing of tbcm, occasion 
Ycrtigo. Leaping and running are very excellent; for every- 
thing that is keen is bcne6cial to the limbs, and gives tone to 
the gencml system.* The cold balh is better than no bath at 
nil ; no bath at all is better than tlie hot bath : the cold both tt 
very powerful as an astringent, incrassant, and desiccant of the 
head, which is the condition of health; white the warm batli 
i» most powerful to humectate, relax, and create mistiness; for 
these ore the causes of disease of the head, and sudt also are 
south winds, which occa«on dulness of hearing. There should 
be rest an«i exercises, to allay tlie perturbation. Pinching of 
the head, even to the extent of producing eixooriation of the 

Whetters made of water, or of wine diluted with water, 
should be given before a meal. Lunch sliould be sliglit; laxa- 
tives from the capillary leaves of pol-herbs.^-of mallow, of beet, 
and of blite. A condiment of a stomachic nature, which is plc«- 
sant to the mouth, laxative of the kowclji, and not calculated to 
induce heaviness of the head, is made of thyme, or of aavoiy, 
or of mustard. Eggs> hot in winter, and cold in niromcr, 
stripped of their shell, not roafted; olives, dates, pickled meat 
in scasoa. Granulated spelt washed, with some of the sweet 
things, so as to give it a rcliih, id to be choMn; and, with 

* For en account of mcMrt of tht our author, wre Faiilus £glaet^ 
ancient «xorcis«d mentioned by t.i.p.SJ! — £7, Syd. Sec Gdit. 

u u 2 


thcM, alts. S<^tude, net u regards Itesring mod speaking. 
Promenadefl in a wcU-Tentilated [dsG«, Tendered tgrccablc hy 
tre«e or berba. But it' it be ootiie to enpper-time, they «rc 
again especially to take the oold b«th, having been dightly 
anointed with oil; or, otbenriBC, tlie linibe only. The sapper 
should be of irumentaceous articles, euch as pastry, or a aoup 
from chondnis (granuUtcd epelt), or a carminative ptiaui, 
rendered easy of digestion by boiling. The medidnet used 
for seasoning of the ptisin, peppor, ponny-royal , mint, a anuill 
proportion of onions or of Icuks, not »o much as to float on 
the stomach; the acrid part of Tinegar is suitable; of fleshes, 
tlic parts of fat animals which are not fat; of swine, the feet 
and head; all winged animaU~-you must «clcct from the great 
Taricty of them what is suitable; the hare and the other kinds 
ofTcnison are proper; the hen is easily procured, and suitable. 
All articles of the dessert create headaches, oxc«pt the date, or 
figs in the summer season, or the grape if the patient bo free 
from Hatulencc; and of sweetmeats, such as arc well seasoned, 
without (at, and light Walking, exbilantion; in solitude, 
resignation to sleep. 



Op remedies, whatever is great and most powerful is 
for epilepsy, so as to find an cecape not only from a puafiil 
affection, and one dangerous at each attack, but from the di9> 
gust and opprobrium of this calamity. For it a[^>e&ra to me, 
that if the patients who endure such sufferings wore to look at 
one another in the piroxysms, ihcy would no longer submit to 
Ut4. But the want of sensibility and of seeing conceals from 




erciy one what ii dreadful and dbgusting in his own case. It 
is best that the method of cure should follow the alleviation of 
nature, when, with the changes of age, she changes greatly 
the man. For if the diet akin to the ailment, and on which 
the disease subsisted, be changed, the disease no longer seiiiea 
the man, but takes its depaituic along with that in which it 

If, then, it scixe on the head, it settles there; to it, theie- 
forc, we arc to do those things which have been described hy 
me under cephalaui, regarding the abstraction of blood (and 
also the purging*) from the vcina at the elbow, the straight 
vein nt the forehead, and by cupping; but the abstraction is 
not to be earned the length of ileliquitim animi; for deli- 
qiiium has a tendenoj to induce the difeasc; we arc to open 
all the ordinary arteiies before and behind tlic ears, and ve are 
aUo to practise purgings, which are more potent than all these 
things, by tlie purgative hiera and those medioines which 
dnw olT phlegm from tlie head; but the medicines slioold be 
particularly powerful, for the habit of such persona rcnden 
them tolerant of pains, and their goodness of spirits and good 
hopes render them strong in endtirance. It is necessary, also, 
to apply heat to tlic head, for it is effectual. In the first 
place, we must perforate the bone as far as the diploot and 
then use cerates and cataplasms until the mcninx acparate 
from the bone. The exposed bones are to be perforated with 
the trepan if still any small portion prevent its spontaneous 
removal, when the meninx there is found black and thick- 
ened; and when, having gone through the process of putrefac- 
tion and cleansing under the bold treatment of the physician, 
the wound comes to complete cicatrization, the patients escape 
from the disease. In all cas« we are to use rube&cient appli- 
cations to the head; namely, the eommon ones, u described by 

See HIppocrat. Aph. ii. 4&, 



mc formerly; and a Mill more powerfut one is iLnt from can- 
t)iarid«9, but for three days before uun^ it the patient mart 
drink milk as a pioiectioa of the bUdder, for cantltariclc« axK 
very injurious to tho bl«dd«r. Thcae are the remedies when 
the Itead ia the part affected. 

But if the cauac be seated in the middle parts, nnd if these 
induce the diicasc (this, however, rcry rardy happens, for, U 
in » mighty ailment, the middle parts of the !>ody rather sym- 
pathise with the head, which is the origin of the dixcaee), bat 
however it may be, we must open the vein at the elbow in 
tlieso cases alao ; for the flow by it is &om the viscera. But 
mtch patients, more than the othcis, are to bo purged with the 
iiera, cneoron,'' and tho grmtum cnuHum,' for then arc phle^- 
magogues. But the moet Euit»l>lc remedy in these coses is 
cupping. Ofepithcmcs and cataplasms the components arc 
well known, and it would be superfluous to describe them on 
all occasions, except in $o tar as to know ttte powers of them; 
namely, that by such means we must attenuate, promote exfam- 
latton, and render tho secretions and perspirations healthy. 
We are also lo use digeMive, heating, desiccant, and diuretic 
articles, both in food and in tnolicinc. But the best of all 
things is castor, taken frequently during the inoutli in honeyed- 
water, and the compound medicines which powen the same 
powers, as tlie compound medicine from vipets, and the sttll 
more complex one oi' Milhridates, and also that of Vestinus; 
for these things promote digestion, form heitlthy juices, and 
are diuretic; for whatever simple medicines you could describe 
are contained in these powerful compontions — cinnamon, 
cassia, the leaves of melabatlirum, pepper, and all the varieties 
ofsesoli; and which of the most potent medicines will you not 
find in them? It it told, that the brain of a vulture, and the 
heart of a raw cormorajit, and the domestio weasel, when 

' Tberock-rose.ori'ci^AfwcnM* 

* SoedoftlM Dttpine cnidinm. 
S»s Paulas .^giDets, L iu. pL 1 79. 





eaten, remoro the dbeaae; but I hare never Uied these tilings. 
Ilotrcvcr, I hxve teen persons holding a cup below the wound 
of a man recently KUughtcrcd, and drinking a draught of tlie 
blood I th« present, the mighty necessity, which cotnpoU 
one to remedy th« evil by tuch a. wicked abomination 1 And 
whether eves they recoreied by this meana do one could t«U 
mc for cenain. There ia another story of the liver of a man 
having been eaten. However, I leave theso things to be 
described by thotc who would bear to try such means. 

It is necessary to regulate the diet, in respect to everything 
that is to be done cither by others or by the patient himself. 
Now nothing must be omitted, nor anything unneccsearily 
done; and more eepeoijJIy we must administer everything 
which will do the slightest good, or even that will do no 
harm; for many unseemly sights, sounds, and tastes, and mul- 
titudes of amells, are tests of the disease. Everything, there- 
fore, is to be particularly attended to. Much sleep induces 
fatness, torpor, and mistiness of the senses, but moderate sleep 
is good. An evacuation of llie bowels, especially of flatulence 
anil phlegm, is very good after sleep. Pionienadcs long, straight, 
witliout tortuosities, in a welt ventilated place, under trees of 
myrtle and laurel, or among acrid and fragrant herbs, such as 
calamint, penny-ruynl, thyme, and mint; so much the better 
if wild and indigenous, but if not, among cultivated; in 
these places, prolonged gestation, which also should be 
straight It is a good thing to take journeys, but not by a 
river side, so that he may not gaze upon the stream (for the 
current of a river occasions vertigo), nor where he may see 
anything turned round, sueh as a rolling-top, for he is too weak 
to preBcr\-c the animal spirils {pneum a) steady, which arc, 
therefore, whirled about in a cirelu, and this circular motion is 
provocative of vertigo and of epilepsy. After the geMaUoD) 
a gentle walk, then rest so as to induce tranquillity of the 
agitation created by the gestation. AClcr these, the exercisci 



of th« arms, tlioir extremities being rubbed with a 
mado of raw flax. Xot much oil to be uacd in the munction. 
Tlie frictioa to be protracted, and harder than usual for con- 
denaatioQ, since moat of thvm are bloated and fiit: the head 
to be rubbed in tbc middle of the proc«fl», while the patient 
stands erect The cxcrcisoi of the neck and shoulder^ 
etavHoa^f and the othcn mentioned bjr mo ander the 
treatment of Vertigo, with eufficient fulncn of detail; only 
the exercises should bo sharper, to as to induce sweat and 
heat, for all these attenuate. During the whole of his liie be 
■hoold colttvate a keen temper without iiMcil»]ity. 

All kinds of food dcrirod from gross pulse are bad ; hut we 
are to give frumcntaceoua things, the drier sorts of bread, 
Wuhed alica, and the drinks prepared from them. The 
medicines added for reliah the same as before; but there 
should be more of acrid things, such as pe[^>ci, g'uigor, and 
lovsgc. SaucCBofvin^raud cumin are both pleasantanduscfii]. 
From fleshes in parUoular tlie patient is to be entirely restricted, 
or at Icflst during the care; for the restoration, those things 
m to be ullowcil which arc nuturally light, such as all sorts of 
winged animals, with tJie excqition of the duck, and such as 
are light in digestion, such as hares, swincs' feet, and pickled 
fish, afler which thirst is good. A white, thin, fragrant, and 
diuretic nine is to be drunk in small quantitj'. Of boiled 
pot-herba, such as are possessed of acrid puw<:rs, attenuate and 
prove diuretic, as the cabbage, asparagus, and nettle; of raw, 
the lettuce In the season of summer. The cucumber and ripe 
melon are unsuitable to a strong man; but certain persons may 
have just a taeUng of them. But being of a cold and humid 
nature, much of tliem is bad. The seasonable use may be 
gTButed of the green fig and tlte grape. Promenades; after 
these, recreation to dispel gnef. 

PoEBion is bad, as also sexual enjoyment; for the act itself 
bears the symptoms of the disease. Certain phynciaus have 




fallen into a mistake respecting coition; for seeing that the 
physical change to manhood produces a beneficial cScct, they 
have done violence to the nature of children by ungcasonablc 
coition, as if thus to bring them sooner to manhood. Such 
persons are ignorant of the spontaneous Uw of nature by 
irhich all cures arc accomplished; for along with evciy age 
she produces that which in proper for it in due scaions. At a 
gi^"en time there ii the maturity of itemcn, of the Iward, of 
lioary hiiirt; for on the one hand what pliyncLiin could alter 
Nature's original change in regard to the semen, and, on th« 
otlier, the appointed time for each? But they also oQcnd 
against the nature of the disease; for being previously injured 
by the unseasonableneas of the act, they are not possessed of 
seftsonable powcn at the proper commencement of the age 
for coition. 

llio patients ought to reside in hot and dry places, for the 
diteasc is of a cold and humid nature. 



Iir CAses of melancholy, there is need of con«dcration in 
regard to the abitntction of blood, from which the disease 
ariaec, but it also springs from cacochymy in no small amount 
tliereof. When, therefore, the disease seizes a person in early 
life, and during the season of spring we arc to open the 
median vein at the right elbow, so that there may be a 
Bcasonable flow from the liver; for tliis viscus ia the fountain 
of the blood, and the source of tlie fonnation of Uic bile, 
both which are tlie pabulum of melancholy. We must open 
ft vein even if the patients be ^are and have dcGcicnt blood, 
but abstract little, 8o that the strength may feel the evacuatioo 


but nfty not be shnlcen theioby; for otcd tbongh the blood 
be thiclc, bilious, coagulated, and blacic u the Icea of oil, 
yet still it is tlio seat and tbc pabulum of N&taro. IC tben, 
you abstract more than enough, Nature, by the loce of nourish- 
ment, is ejected from her scat. But if the pottcat has muob 
blood, for the most port in rach coki it is not much viciat«d, 
bat still ire mutt open a Tcin, and not abstruct all the blood 
required the Mme day, but after an interval, or, if the whole 
is taken the same day, the strcngtb will imlicnte the amou 
During the interval, the patient it to be allowed a fuller dii 
than luuni, in order to prepare him for enduring the evacu- 
ation; for we mnat atsist the atoraach, it being in a state of 
diacaee, and diftrcM from the black btlo lodging there. Where- 
fore, having kept the patient on a restricted diet for one day 
preriously, we must give black hdtcboro to tlie araouni of 
two drams with honeyed -water, for it evacuates black bile. 
And likewise the capillary Icavca of Attic thyme, for tt also 
evacuatcti black bile. But it is bctt to mix them together, and 
give a part of each, to the amount of two dTams altogether. 
Al^r the purging wc arc to administer the bath, and give a litde 
wine and any other sciuioncr in tlie food; for purging fatigues 
the powers of the stomach. We arc, then, to como down to 
the middle parts, and having first r«:Iiuced by cauplosms and 
bathing, we are to apply a cupping-instrument over the liver 
and stomach, or the mouth of it; for tlitii evacuation is 
much more seasonable than venescclion. We arc also to apply 
it to the back between tlie scapulae, for to this place iho 
stomach is adjacent. Then again wo are to recruit; and if 
the strength be restored by the regimen, we are to ebave the 
head, and adcrwanls apply the cupptog-insl rumen t to it, for 
the primary and greiitest cause of the disease is in the nerros. 
But neither are the senses free from injury, for hence aiv 
th^ departure and commencement. Wherefore these also 
are changed, by participating in the affection. Some, like- 



wise, Erom alienation of ttie acnses have perrcrted feelinga: It 
is ncccMory, then, cipccinlljr to cure the stonuich aa being 
disordered of it*clf, and from bUck bile being lodged in it. 
Wherefore vrc must give to drink continuously of the jaice of 
wonnwood from a Bmall amount to a cupfid (eyatiiu), for it 
piOTcntfl the formation of bile. Aloe also is a good thing, for 
it bring* down the bile into the lower gut. If, then, the 
disease be of recent origin, and the pntlont be not much 
changed, he will require no other treatment in Uicso ciroum- 
Btanccs. There is a neceasity, however, for the remaining 
part of the regimen to the restoration of the habits, and the 
complete purification of the afToction, and the vtrcngihening of 
the powers, so itiat the dtwasci may not relapse, i will explain 
allerwarda the course of life during convalescence. 

But if the disease, having yielded a little to these means^ 
should be Been relap^ng, there will be need of greater 
remedies. Let there, then, be no procraHtiuution of Ume, but 
if the disease appear after suppression of tlie ealftmcnial dis- 
charge in women, or tlie hemorrhoidal flux in men, wc must 
tUmuIatc the parts to throw off tlicir accustomed evacuation. 
But if it is deUyed and does not come, tlie blood having 
taken another direction, and if the disease progress rapidly, 
wo must make evacuations, bp'^inninj^ fmra the ankle*. And 
if you cannot get away from this place so much blood as yoa 
require, you must also open the vein at the elbow. And 
after pursuing the restorative proocn for three or four day?, 
we are to give the purgative medicine, the liicra. Then wc 
are to apply the cupping-instrument to the middle parts of 
the body, bringing it near to the liret, and do those thingD 
which speedily prove effectual; for melancholy does not yield 
smalt remedies, and, if long continued, it remains fixed in 
spot. Aud if the disease lodge in all parts of the 
boily, — in the tenses, tlic understanding, tlie blood, and the 
bile, — and if it eeiw on the nerves, and lum to an incurable 



conditioD, it engendcn in tbc syitcm i proge ny of ot 
diieMe» ipwi ni . nuni*, puiljna. And if they arise froia' 
nwlBBdkalj, the newly-fonDed diiCMei ue incuniblo. Wliere- 
fbtc ire arc to ue hellebore for tbe enie of the nlmcDt 
But befeie the adminutntion of ihe hellebore, we most tnia 
the ■toinuh to Tomiting, aUenuate the humours, and rendec 
the whole tfttem fireelj penpirable; emetiod will aooomplnh 
ihcn thing! sometiinGa tkoee which aie giTen with an 
empty stomach, and sometimes those whidi cooast of radishes. 
I will describe the mode and materials of it; and I will also 
describe the species of hellebore and the modes of luing h; 
and bow we ought to judge of ererything beforehand, and 
how to render aasistaaoe during the operation of the emetics. 
It cannot be doubted that by these means the disouw has 
either been entirely removed or had interrals of sevetnl yeoi*. 
For generally melancholy is again engendered. But if it be 
firmly established, we are no tongci to hesitate, but must 
have reooarae to erory thing relating to the heUcbore. It is 
impossible, indeed, to make all the sick well, for a physician 
would thus bo superior to a god; but the pbyrician can pro* fl 
duco respite from pain, intervals in disoafce. and render them 
latent. In euch case*, the physician can either docUne and i 
deny his asristaiioe, alleging as an excuse the incnnblo nature fl 
of the disease, or continue to tlic lust to render his services. 
The hieta from aloe is to be given again and again ; for this 
is the important medicine in melancholy, being the remedy 
for the stomach, the liver, and thepuT;gingof bile. Butcxpori- ■ 
encc has proved, that the seed of mallow, to the amount of 
a dram, when taken in a drink with water answers excellently. 
But there are many other simple medicines which are usciui, 
fiomc in one case, and some in another. 

AAor these sufTeringe, the patient is to be recruited. For, 
in certain cases, during the time ol this treatment, the disease 
has boon removed; but if the patient come to a renewal of bis 






fle#h an<l of his stTCDgth, all traG«B of the diaease become era- 
dicated. For the strength of nature produceo health, but her 
weakiwm, diaeaae. Let the patient, then, proceed to the pro- 
oesB of restoration by frequenting thc^ natural hot baths; for the 
motUcioal substances in thvni arc bctit'ticial, such as bitumon, 
or sulphur, or alum, and many othcm besides these which ate 
posaeased of remedial powers. For, atUr the parching heat c^ 
the disease, and t^ie annoyance of the treatment, dilution is ft 
good thing. Moreover, rare and soft lleiih most readily throws 
off the disease; but in melancholy the llesh is dry and dcn»c. 
Aa oily Uaiment, by gentle friction, with much oil containing 

washed bread, with something sweet, as 

the Cretan must, and the Scybelltic fiom Pamphylia, or wine 
and honey which have been mixed up together for some time. 
Eggs, both cold and hot, which have been stripped of their 
ahcUs. Of iieshcs, such as are not fatty, and are detergent. Of 
swine, the feet and the parts about the head. Of fowln, the 
wings, which are not fatty. Of wild animab, hares, goats, and 
deer. Of autumnal fruits, whatever is excellent in its kind. 
When the stomach rejects the food, wc must eon^der before- 
hand that what ia taken be not vomited up. Wherefore, 
before giving food, wc are to adminirter honeyed-water to the 
amount of half a cyathuj, which, bving drunk, b Tomiled up 
again fur cleansing the stomach. For, in this way, the 
food remains in the stomach. Medicines which are purga- 
tive of the necessary discharges arc — the fruit of the pine, of 
the nettle, and seeds of the cocco/u,' and pepper; bitter 
almonds; and let honey give it consistence. But if you wish 
to dry, the best thing is myrrh, or the root of iris, the medi- 
cine liotn vipen, and that of Vcstinuii, of Mithridates, and 

* Oalon idontinm the nAtiuAot 
of HippoonteH ((^ wt*. Jcut) Witt 
Kawt, or lliH fruit of the piJtiu 
pinta. Out auttiur would eo«m 

to nuke tliem distinct suhstujicoB. 
There b«tDg several Rpocics of I Lu 
pino tnb<^ it is not jiIwiijt! owj to 
disl ingoish thorn from QUO unotbor. 


manj others. For the epithemee, the materiel of oa 
plasms, melilot and poppies, and the tesi (gum?) of tnrp 
Une, and hyssop, and the oil of roses, or of Tine-flowe 
wax should give consisteiice to all these. Liniments 
oil; gestation, promenades, and whatever promotes the rep 
duction of flesh, and the strength of the powers, and the ret 
ration of nature to its pristine state of * *" 




as in a ship and in a calm. And if the patient ha 

it fortunately at his command, gestation and living on the t 
will be beneficial. For the sea-water contributes somethi 
desiccant to the ulcers. After the gestation, having restt 
the patient is now to be anointed with iat oil. Afler t 

frictions , Irom a small dose gradually i 

to five or six hemins, or even much more; or if not, as mui 
as one can, for often this alone sufficeth in place of all foo 
For milk is pleasant to take, is easy to drink, gives sol 
nourishment, and is more &miliar than any other food i 
one irom a child. In colour it is pleasant to see: as 
medicine it seems to lubricate the windpipe, io clean, as 
with a feather, the bronchi, and to bring off phlegm, impioi 
the breathing, and facilitate the discharges downwards. 1 
ulcers it is a sweet medicine, and milder than anTthix 
else. If one, then, will only drink plenty of this, he wi 
not stand in need of anything else. For it is a goc 
thing that, in a disease, milk should prove both food an 
medicine. And, indeed, the races of men called QalacU 






before the 

■ before 


pka^ use no food from gnin. But yet it is a very good thing 
to u»c porridge, ptiftry, waah«d gronts of spelt (alicp), and the 
otltcr edibles prepnrod with niillc. And if other food is 
required, let it be of lh« same nature, as tlic juice of ptian, 
well-concocted and pUiii; but it is to be so tcwoncd as that it 
may become easy to swallow; ot if anything be added as a 
eeasoner, let it be somelhing medicirud, as the hair (^capiUary 
ieacet?) of lovage, penny-ioyal, mini, and a little of salts, 
vinegar, or hooey. If the stomach suffer from dyspepsia, this 
is to be given ; but if there he so such necessity, ptisan is of 
all things the best. One may also change the ptisan for alica, 
for this is less ilalulent, and of easier digestion, and becomes 
detergent if, when used ia the ptisan, the grain bo bruised. 
When the sputa are untisually fluid, tJic bean cleanses tbo 
ulcers, but is flatulent. The pea and tlie pittim ociryt, in so 
lar as they are less flatulent, are in tiie same d^ree inferior as 
cleanscis of the ulcers. Forming a judgment, tlien, from pre- 
sent symptoms, select accordbgly. Their condiments are to 
be such as descnbcd respecting the ptisan. Eggs from tho 
tire, in a liquid state, but hot; they arc best when newly laid, 









... in the liver the ulccx may be dangerous. But the most 
troublesome is a defluxion of pus on the stomach, when it 
makes the stomach its route in the course of being distributed 
upwards. For the food is the cause of life, but the stomach is 


the leader in the proccM of sutntion, onA it aleo someti 
cx>are^ m6<iicines to thv internal ptiu. If, tlieti, in addii 
to all the other evils, « dilTicuIty of deglutition come on, 
patient must tpccdiljr die of diaense and fiunioe. But the 
dicutions by which it ia discovered in what direction tlie 
will be dircrtcd arc diversified. If it pass by the intcsti 
then) arc tormina, watery discharges &om the bowels, ph1< 
ftnd bile; tlien clota of blood floating in a fluid, or & 
discharge like the washings of raw flesh. But, if it , 
by the bkddcr, there is a weight in the kidiwye mid loia 
at first, therefore, the evacuations are copious, and tinged wi 
bite; thea turbid, which do not deposit their svdimeitt, i 
get settled. Id all cases the sediment should become whi 
But if it be determined upwards to the stomach, naiutcs, 
of appetite, vomitings of phlegm or of bile, deliquium 
vertigo supervene, until it burst. 

I1iis, then, is to be especially avoided, as being' 
ODursc. But if the dcHuxion of pus bo more violent, 
must take every means, asusting the stomach by food, m 
mc^Iicines, and rc^mcn, all in a mild way. We must ■ 
minister the medicines for buisting the alaocsa; give 
drink of the herb hyssop willi honcycd>wnter, and the joic 
of the hair of horehound, and this with honeyed-water sm 
the juice of the wormwood. Tliese tilings must be giv4 
before food to dilute the fluids, to lubricate the partly ta 
flkcilitato the rupture of the abscesecs. We are also to fpt 
the milk of an ass, which is soil, not bilious, nutritious, do4 
not admit of being made into cheese, which is the perfection d 
milk. We should graliiy the patient in n^rd to food an 
drink. And we arc even to give things inferior to otliCr moi 
beneficial articles (for wc thereby aflbrd a poj^Migc to tl»c flu! 
which occasions nausea and loathing of food, and many afl 
hurt by the transit of the pus), lest they tliould come to loatU 
their food. And if lb«y should take anytliing, tliey rcadi' 






vomit. It i> D«oe#MiT7, also, ia the other defluxiaiu, to have 
especul care of th>e stomach, for it ia the passage to all wnta of 
medicine. It is neoeeear; to ke«p in mind tlio liver, irhich is 
the root of the ulcerations.* But if the dcfluxion bo to th« 
bladder, wc arc to promote it by diuretic*, la the root of 
asarabaoca, valonan, maidcn-hair, ipigncl, in drink*; for these 
things are to bo g^ven to drink in honeyed-water. The com- 
ponnd ntedtcine of Veatinus ia also very good, and that &ora 
alkckcngi, and such others as &om trial have acquired reputa- 
tion- But if you dctcnninc to draw off thu dLtchargc by tho 
bowela, yoa can do thi« with milk, especially that of the aai, or 
otherwise of lh« goat or sheep. Give, also, juioee of a lubricat- 
ing nature and detergent, as the juice of ptisan ; oondiments, 
as pepper, ginger, and lovage. In a word, with regard to 
every method of diet in any cose of absocn tending to rupturCi 
the food should consist of things having wholesome juices, of 
savoury things, things of easy digestion, either juices, or tho 

^grueh) witli milk, starch, pastry with milk « « • 





Resolctiok of Bcinhus of the spleen is not easy to accom- 
plish. But if the diseases engendered by it come on, as dropsy 
and cachexia, the ailment tends to an incumblc condition 

the physician to cure llie scirrhus; we must tiy 

then to avert it when it is coming on, and to remove it wheo 
just commencing; and attend to tho inflammations, and if (he 

6«etbQnote on thot«xt. Tbo improred by nwting "Llood-vt*- 
ssQse would bo ovidontly much seU* in plaM of " ulcenUoiis.'* 

1 I 


Bcirrhua be the substituto aro brouglit 

puration tLc abscess- For tbeee, if the inflac 

wc iiTC to use thu Tcmodica described by ni« unoj 
the acute diacases. But iT, while jon urc doing crerythii] 
the Hciri'hus rcnuun in as inflammatory state, you tnust fl 
also the meana resembling firo to eollen the haidne»; lot!^ 
of vinvgnr, oil, and honey; but, inctead of wool, use ooj 
presses of linen; add to them, ta powder, nut-ben uft«d; a) 
to the most canoUicnl oatapUsma * * * 




BOOK n. 



Cdbx 01 Dbomt • * * • L 

GcKE or DiABBira .... II- 

CuKB or THE ArFBCTiONB ABoirr ihok Kidkbib tIL 

CuHB or iHOSK IN THi Bi.u)Bis * * IT. 

Cobb of Qonobbhoa. .... V. 

CuBK or 9I0VACH ArncTioira . . VI. 

Core or the C<bliao Amanov . VIL 

Com or Couoa * * * • vm. 

Cube or Dtbbntxbt * * » * IX 

Core or Liektirt » * ♦ * X, 

Cdbi of Htstebicb * # * • n. 

Core or Abthritis akd Ibohuho Dibbase . XIL 

Cube or Elbphabtiabib . • • XIIL 

I 1 2 






The afiection of diabetes ia tt species of dropsy, botli in cause 
and in condition, difiering only in the place hy which the 
humour runs. For, ind<x;d, in ascites Uie receptacle is th« 
pcritoQseum, and it has no outlet, but remains there and ac- 
cumulateB. But in diabetes, the flow of the humour from the 
adccted part and the melting are the same, but the defluxion 
is determmed to the kidneys and bladder; and >a dropsical 
COM* this is the outlet when the disease takes a faroonible 
turn; and it is good when it proves a solution of the cause, 
and not merely a lightening of the burden. In the latter 
diseaac the tJiirst la greater; for the fluid lunoing off dries 
tlie body. 

■ii^-^T TRifl w£U Mtie3 ^c ans. ixm. x 
wsetittx v' -iMK *utt -vox: mt toe 

^nc -Iw -TO? -mKt m natk is -n 
ir-uK. Tw 3wt ^ n K -mUr mm. -wsJiL x -^ 

V. ^Jm ttl^>nJ)l■JI. nut in b sue ^s^ "i.«i»f ^i mimir- xi ni 
p«8it W/f •,;«» rvn' 2i> lUer ramoaa: iir ^iiaK 5e -stov 

»>AA f« '^jm H^^A, wiiA. i£k> 3 Szaa. fix c cmyj— 

(ff4t ^/''.m vttamn trmt^ tmii die od:«si wtash b 

Af'ffMy, f/nt d.4 wb<J« K^aea aal ecnae of Efe s tl 

OF cimomc ptsBAsei.— book a 




Whatever rcluk* to influniniitioD, licmorrhuge, an<l such 
other nQc£tiuiis about thu kidneys tia quickly prove fatal, has 
been treated of uudcr the Acute Diseases. But regarding 
ulceration thereof, and the forunation of irliines, aiid the many 
other afiectiona which accompany old pcraona until death, I 
ain now especially to treat, mostly in order to cSect tiieJr cure; 
but, if not, to show how they may he alleviated. 

mierefoio, then, it is impossible to eradicate the dis- 
position to form stones. It wore easier to render the utenu 
unfruitful, than to destroy the tendency to engender stt>nca 
in kidneys wherein it is already formed. We must strive, 
then, to likcihtatc the pMngc of them. If, therefore, 
tbe calculi be tixed in • ptncc, I will leli what the 
lemodtea are which fitciliute their passage; for they ore 
attended with great pain, and aomeUraea patients die with 
tormina, volvulus of the colon, and retention of urine; for 
^tlie kidneys and colon ore adjacent to one another. Wherefore 
there be a stoppage of the stones, and, along with it, 
miou of uiine and tormina, we arc to open the vein al the 
mnklc, on the same side as the ki<lney aflected; for the Qow of 
blood from the kidneys relieves tlie constriction of the calculi, 
for inflammatioii detsuns them by bindin); all the parts; and 
on evacuation of the vesseU produces resolution of the ia- 
flammation. Wo are also to bathe the loins where the region 
of the kidneys is placed. Let the oil which is used tether be 
old, or if recent, let rue be boiled in it. The hair of dill ia 
also diuretic, and rosemary, and niaijoram. Witli these you ore 
to ba.'hc the ports as if with plain water; for mere inunction 
is a siuall affair. But you are also to foment with these things, 



b; means of the bladders of cattle filled witli the oil of 
camomile. The malerUla of the cttapUuans along with meal 
are to be the same. I>rj>capping ahto h«« •omelinics removed 
the etoppogo of the itonvit; but in tlie caw of iaflammabon, it 
ia best to have recourse to Karificatioiu. If, when yon have 
done these things, the calcnLi still remain fixed, you must 
place the patient in a bath of oil : for thU at once fulGU every 
indieation, it relax«» by iu htial, in so &r lubrioates; while 
its acrimony stimulates to a destra of maldDg water. Tbew 
aie the means which contribute to the expulnon of ckIcuU. 
The patient is to lake drinks prepared from the root« of cer- 
tain umple modjcincs, as valerian, spignel, and asaiabaooa; 
and herbs, the prioniliM, {mralcy, and watcr-jAisnip : and of 
eompounds such <nitunenta as oonUin aaid, cassia, mynfa, 
cinnamon • • » • • » 

* * * for the cicatrization muftard, and eechars 

produced by fire, and epithemes us formerly described by me. 
A regulated diet, unction with oil, sailing and living on the 
sea, — all thc«o things are remedies for affections of the kidneys. 



Feoh the unseemly nature of the aflection, and (rom the 
danger attending the colhquative vasltng, and in consideration 
of the want of it for the propagation of the species, we must 
not ho slow to stop a fiow of semen, as being the cauM of all 
sorts of evil. In the first place, therefore, we are to treat it 
like a common dcfluxion, by astringenu applied to llie parts 
about the bladder and the seat of tlie flux, and with tc&i- 


geranta to the loini, groin, genital ptiti, and testioUs, m that 
the semen may not flow copiously; and then again, applj 
calcfiidcDts to die whole system, so as to dry up the pnaaagn; 
tliis is to be done by styptica and louons; wool then from tlie 
sheep witli its aordes, and lor oil, the roee ointment, or that 
from vine flowers, with a light-ootouied and fingrant wine; 
but, gradually warming, by means of common oil, and moUlot 
baled with it, and msTJoram, and roMcmary or flea-bane; and 
B TOiy excellent thing it lite hair of dill, and still more, the 
me. Use theee foe the oafa^lasma, with the metl of barli^ 
and vetches, and of hedge-muBtard seed, and natron; but 
honey ia to be added, so as to make all combine an<l mix 
together. Sucli also are the cataplasmH which redden, and 
raise pustules, and theteby produce derivation of tlic flux, and 
warm the parts. Such is the Green plaster, and that from the 
£niit of the bay. Frequent draughts too are to be given, 
prepared from outor and winter cherry ,< to the amount of one 
dram, and the decoction of mint; of compounds, tliat front 
the two poppers, that of Symphon, that of Pliilo, the liquid 
medicine from tlie wild eresture the ekink, that of Yesiinus, 
that from the reptiles the vipers. Every attention is to be 
paid to diet, and he is to be permitted and encouraged to take 
gymnastics, promenades, and gcsution; for these things im> 
part warmth to the constitution, which is needed in this 
a£iectton. And if the patient be temperate as to venereal 
mattcre, and take the oold bath, it may bo hoped that h« will 
qukkly acquire his virility. 

■ Pkytali* <ilJi*i*Hjfi. Seo under npvxwtn, la Appendix to the Edin- 
burgh Qn€k LexKMD. 



Js tli« oilier af^Uons, aJ^ t)ic treatment, the diet 
to tbe strengtli and force of the body, by good digcstioD; 
ia BLoiDAchica tioae it is at fault.' How it should be, I 
now declare. For gestation, promonadea, gytnnmtica, 
exercise of the Toico, and food of awy digestion, are nufBc 
to counteract the vitiated appctiu of the Etomncb ; but 
impoomblc that tbe^e things could remove protmcted indij 
tion, and convert tbe emaciated oondition of the bod 
emhonpoini. But in thcae coses, much mono than usual, 
patients dtould be indulged, and every thing done towards 
liberally, the physician gratifying tlieir appetites when 
objects of them are not very prejudicial; for this is 
beirt oounc, provided they liavc no desire of those thi 
which would do them much good. Medicines arc to be gi' 
in the liquid form — deooctions, as of wonnwood ; and n 
ointmeDt and tlio Theriac, and the &uit of stone-ponley, : 
of ginger, and of pepper, and of hartwort;* these things 
of a digestive nature. And an epithcme is to be applied 
the breast for the purpose of astringency, containing n. 
mascich, aloe, the acacias, and the juice of quinces, and 
pulps of the apples bruised with dates, so as to form 
astringent epithcme. Also euch otlier things as have bi 
enumerated by me tinder diabetes, for the cure of the tlii 
For the Mune causes produce thirst in them, and yet in 
machica tlie tone of the stomach is not inclined to thtnt. 

■ Altliotigb &ia«riiM tliinka 
othorwwc^ I must My I afroo with 
WiffU^ that something ia wnnting 

nsar tbe beginning of thk 





If th« stomach be irretentive of the food, uai if it 
ttirou^'h umiigcstvtl, iinvlmngcd and cmdoi so that nolkiug 
nscends into llie body, we titll «uch pcnons caliaes ; being con- 
nected with rc&igcratioa of the binattt hcut wliich peifonns 
digestion, along with atony of the fkcaity of distribution. 

In tlw firet pincc then, the stomach is to be relieYc<i from 
ita suj}ering» by rcrt and abstinence from food, for in thb way 
the natural powera arc restored. And if there also be a feeling 
of fulness in the stomach, vre are to administer emetics, in the 
fluting state, with water or honeyed-water; and tlie abdomen 
ia to be enveloped and bathed, for the purpose of astringency, 
with tmwnehcd wool from the sheep, with oily things, as the 
mtffuentum naaeaim, oitim/AentKin, and mrlinum, or what is best, 
with that from the lentuik, witli hypocistis and the unripe 
grape' But, along with these, calaplawns, hot to the touch, 
but astringent in powers. And if there be distension or in- 
£aniQiaUou anywhere about the liver or moutli of the stomach, 
we are to apply the cupping-instrument, and scarify; and 
ibon are cases in which this alone is sufficient. But when, by 
means of ocratce, the wounds liave oicattised and ended in 
hardness, we arc to apply leeches to it, then digestive epi> 
theincB, such as that from seeds, if you possess the root of the 
chamaeleoa. The best thing here is the fniit of the bay, and 
the Malsgma by name tJie Green, and mine — tlie Myatcry. For 
these soften, irritate, rouse heat, discius fiatulence of the 
bowels, of which there is need for the sake of astringency. 
But likewise mustard, lemnestis, euphorbium, and all sueh 

■ For all theae oompoeitioos, two r&ulus £gmota, t. Hi. pp.K0-W9, 


pteveot le&igentioa indeed, and procure restacatfttian of t 
lieaL Snch mcdjcipei ilao the patient most dzink fi>r a^ 

gencj. In the fint place, there is need t 

jnice of pi*™**™ with mter made astringent bj myrtlcB 
qoinces. The stone of an nniipe giape is also a -wexj go 
thing, and winei of a reiy astringmt character. Tfaan t 
medicines which wann the bowels, namely such potions as i 
made with ginger, and pepper, and the fruit of the wj 
parsl^ which is found among rocks, and the Texy digesti 
medicine made &om the leptDes the npen. But if it dc 
not yield at all oi slightly to these means, use emetics fid 
radishes; and if you will put into them the loot of the whi 
hellebore, toi a single ni^t, the purging will thus becoi 
Teiy strong, for purging away and removing the cold hnmoi 
and for kindling ap the heat. 

And likewise the diet and manner of li& should be mod 
mte. Sleep by night, by day walks, yocifeTalion, gestatii 
among myrtles, bays, or thyme; for the exhalation and n 
piradon of such things prove a digestiTe remedy. GymnastH 
friction, chironomy, exercises of the chest and abdomen 1 
throwing the AaAem. Propomata; for bread alone contribut 
little towards strength. After these, rube&cients, walking 



from food and radishes frequently. Then to ha' 

recourse to the hellebore. The diet after these the same 



in the other aITccUoiu, and after th« diet, ftnointiag with oil 
and the cold sea-bath. These in an especial maimer are the 
common remedies tn all arthritic diseuM*, (or in goutj coms 
hcllcboio is the great remedy, yet only in the first attaclu of 
the aBcction. But if it has subsisted for a long time already, 
and aim if it appear to have been transmitted &om the patient's 
fore&thert, Uie disease sticks to him until death. But for tho 
paioj^nts in tlie joints, we are to do this: let UDScoiued 
wool Ixom tho sheep be applied; bathe with rose-oil and wioe; 
and in certain ease sponging with oxycrate has done good. 
Then as a cataplasm, bread with the cocking parts of gourd 
and pomptOD, and simple cucumber, and the herb plantain 
and iwe leaves. And the ridtrilu* mitigates pain, along 
with bread, also lichen, and tlio root of comfrey, and the herb 
cinque-foiE, and the species of horehound having narrow learea: 
of tliia the docoction makes u fomentation which allays pain, 
and it forms a cataplasm with crumbs of bread or barley-meal. 
And the part of citrons which is not fit for food, is excellent 
with toasted barlcy-mcal. Dried figs and almonds witlt soma 
of the flours. These form tlie materia for refrigeration; and, 
indeed, this ia someUmea beneficial to one, and sometimes to 
anotlter. In certain cases calefacicats are beneficial, and the 
same is sometimes useful to another. It is said that tho fol- 
lowing appltcaUun is i>owcrfulty anodyne; let a goat feed on 
tlie herb irts, and when it is filled therewith, having waited 
until tho food it has taken be digeetcd in tlic stomacli, let tlie 
goat be slaughtered, and bury tho feet in fseocs within the 
belly. The medicines for the disease are iimumerable; for 
the calamity renders the paUenta themselves expert druggisu> 
But tho medicines of the physicians will be described in works 
devoted to these things. 

• Sidtfitit «oorerwi<f«a 



Tbk remedies ought to be greater tbui tlie diseaaee, 
Klief of tlicm. But what method of cuie could be able 
orercomc such a mnUdy us el«phaa? For the illnesa do«a i 
kttliek one port or vucua, nor prevail onljr internally or i 
tcnully, but inwardly it poasetsea th« whole person, and o 
watdly, oorers the whole euriitce — a epoctacle unsoeralj 
dreadful U> behold 1 for it is the scmblanov of the wild 
And, moreover, there is a danger io liTiog or aavociatlng 
it no less than with the plague, for the infection is th< 
oommunieatod by the respiration. Wlwrefore what su 
remedy £>r it shall wc IJnd in medicine? But yet it is pro 
to apply every medicine and method of diet, — even ix 
and fire,' — and these, indvod, if you apply to a reo4 
disGoae there is hope of a euro. But if fully deTclop* 
and if it has firmly established itself in the inward parts, aiH 
moreover, has attacked the face, the paUent is in a hopeh 

^Iicrefore we are to open the veins at the elbow, and i 
both »<Ics; and also these at th« ank!«s, but not the saq 
day, for an interval is better boUi in order to procure a graal 
flow of blood, and for the reanscitatioD of the strength; for 
is necessary to evacuate the Uood frequeDtty and oopiottsly, 
being the nutriment of the diaeasc, but the good portton of 
whtcli is the natural nourishment is smull. ^Vhcrefbro wh 
abstracting the vitiated portion, counstiog of melted mattca 
we must form an estimate of the suitable part mixed up Trij 
it, until the disease has given way firom want of pabului 
for the new port being incorporated with the body, in I 
course of a long time, obliterates the old. Then wo are 



give the liien in s potion not once only, but let eTCrjtbing 
be done several times aflei recovery and recurrence. And let 
the other medicinal purgation hy the food be practised i and 
lot the treatment bo that which I have described under 
iKhiultc <liiKii«e, and let Uie pattcot drink undivided milk — 
and that in great quantity — for opening tbc bowels. Let it 
receive the fifth part of water, so tliitt the whole of the milk 
may paaa through. Tltey are quickly to be treated with 
emetics, at first those given when bsdng, next, thoee afler 
food, then tlioec byiadiahcs. Let all things be done frequently 
and continuously; administering the hellebore at all seasons, 
but eiipocially in spring and autumn, giving it every alternate 
day, and again next year. And if tbe discuM hnj acquired 
stTcngtli, we must give whatever liquid medicines any one has 
had experience of; for it is a good thing to administeT medi- 
dne* frequently as a remedy. And I will now describe thoee 
with which I am acquainted. &lix one cyathna of ccdriu* 
and two of braseiea, and give. Another: Of the juice of 
ttdcntis,* of trefoil one cyathus, of wine and honey two 
cyathi. Another: Of the shavings of an elephant's tooth 
one drain with wine, to the amount of two cyathi. But likc- 
wiae the flesh of the wild reptiles, the viper«, formed into 
pastils,' are taken in a draught. From their heads and tail 
we must cut oflf to the extent of four fingciV breadth, and 
bml the remainder to tlic tepuration of the bock-bones; and 
having formed the fleeh into pastils, they are to be cooled in 
the shade; and these ore to be given in a draught in like 
manner as tbe squUL The vipers, too, are to be used as a 
seasoner of food at supper, and ore to be prepared as Gshes. 
But if the compound medicine Irom vipers be at luind, it is to 

' Probably yum nrMfx. 
Paiilus X^aetA, t. iii p. 4A& 


■ VaAMij the liderUit tear- 

dioidet L. 8co Appcndis to Dui>> 
bar's Ijsucon in votit. 

> Or IVucbm. Seo Ihiuluii IF^ 
neta t.iilp.63JSL 


be drunk in preference to all otliers, for it contains lo; 
the virtue* of all the oth«t8, so to cleanse the body 
Bmooth down its sspefitie& There tre manj other medi 

of the Celts, which aie men called Gauls, 
alkaline aubstanocs made into balU, with which thoy cli 
thoii clothes, called soap, with which it i« a very cX' 
thing to cleanM the body in the bath. And punlaio i 
houaeloclc with vinegar, and also the decoction of the root) 
dock with the sulphur vivum proves an exc«tli.'nt detet^n 
The compound medicine liom levigated alcyonium,* ixtrl 
tho burnt Iocs of wine, alum, sulfAor virum, coelus, i| 
and pepper, thcK things arc all to be mixed together J 
e«oh case accordinj; to the power, but in proportionate <]ai 
liUes, and tliis compound is to be ^Qiriukled on the body a 
tabbed in. For the callous protuberances of the lace, 
arc to rub in the ashes of vine branches, mixed up with 
suet of some wild animn], as the lion, the pasUicr, the 
OT if these ore not at hmid, of the barnacle gooac;" for like 
the unlike, as the ape to man, is most excellent. Alao 
BmmoiuM perfume with vinegar and the juice of plantain, 
of knot-grass, and hypodstis and lydum.' But if the 
be in a livid »tatc scarifications are to be previously made 
the evacuation of the humours. But if you wish to »i>oi 
the parts excoriated by the acrid dcRuxions, the dccocdon 
fenugreek, or the juice of ptisan, will form an czocUcnt dc 
gent application ; also the oD of roses or of lentisk. Co 

* A marine Bc>o|ihyt«, Sm Ap- 
pendix to tbe Bdinbui^ Qreok 
Lexiooo, and l^uilua ^gUwla, torn. 

* SoQ Appendix to tho Edinburgh 
Oreek Lexicon in r^aaa : nlao 
Aristot. H. a. viil. S, and £luux 
a. A. V. 30. The rotoark which 
foUom tunia oo this poi&t, that 

the bard in quastioa ooUed 
XvmXMnif, is to quadrupoda w! 
the ajM) is to nua. Seo tha in 
nloua obaerratioos of Petit. 

* An clectuarv ftoQi tha Serb 
Ijicivm, Soe Paulua .^giaeta, 
voet. It bM betu ro-introdui 
lately from India in Ogh 




tinued baths ore appropriate for humoctating fh.<s body, uid 
ibr diflpelling the depraved bumours. 

The food ihould be pure, wholtiioDie, of eoay digestion, and 
plain; and tbc regimen every wuy woll adjusted, as regards 
sleeping, walking, and places of residence. As to cxciviaeB, 
ninning, turubling, and the exercise nitb the leather-bag;' all 
these with well-regulated intcneity, but not so as to induco 
laasitudv. Let vociferaUon oUo be produced, as being a aca- 
Bonablc excrc!»c of ibc breath (jrwuma]. Thu clothing should 
be clean, not only to gratify the ^ght, but becauitc Glthy Uiinga 
irritate the skin. While &sting, the {lAticnts arc to drink tlic 
wine of wormwood. Barley<bread is a very excellent thing, 
and a sausage in due season, and a tittle of mallows or cabbage 
half-boiled, with soup of cumin. For supper, the root of 
parsnip and granulated spelt (a/tcir), with wine and old hon^ 
adapted for the mixing; and such urnrino articles as looicn tlic 
bowels— the soups of limpets, oysters, sca-urchins, and such 
fishes as inhabit rocky places. And of Und a&imala, such aa 
are wild, as Ibe hare and the boar. Of winged anintals, all 
sorts of partridges, wood-pigeons, domt;stic-pig<!ons, and the 
best which every district produces. Of fruits, those of sum- 
mer; sweet wines arc preferable to such oa arc strong. The 
natural hot-baths of a sulphureous nature, a prolrscted rca- 
dcncc in the waters, and a sca<voyagc. 

Gmrteit of Hellebore : — White hellebore i^ purgative of the 
Upper intestines, but the black of the lower; and the white ii 
Bot only emetic, but of all purgatives tbc most powerfiil, not 
&om the quantity and variety of the excieUon — for this cholera 
can accomplish — nor bom tbc retching and violence attending 
the vomitings, for in this r«t])ect ««-sickn«es is preferable; 
but from a power and quality of no mean deecriplioii, by 
wliidi it restores the sick to health, even witli little purging 

See OhbaaiOB Med. Colioct, vi.33, and rnulua .£^ots, t.L p, S4. 


And small retching. But alw of all chronto discftsee I 
firmly rooted, if oil other remedies fxil, thu ii the onlj 
FoT in power the wliit« hellebore reKmblcB fiie; and whj 
fire ttocomplishea by burning, sdll moie does hdlebore | 
b^ peiietnitin<j; internally — out of dyfpmxft inducing fir« 
of breathing; out of pftleneav, good colour; and out of cd 
tioD, plumpocM of Qeali. 

^^^^^^^^Tkb e ^-^^^^^^^^^^B 

^^^^^^^^^m T\t uamttrt appli/ In iHt 

KijM* Iff the TmjMlatiM. ^^^^^^^^^^^^| 

/^OBnox. K fUal etmte of IcUnoi. 

AiuJKUt. tame «■ Lemnenu^ whidi ^^^^H 



la be UcMni by TCneMCllon, -iOI. 
u cAiuc cr prdaptiu uuai, SB). 

Matrt, climaio of, engmden dUoaoM ^^^^| 

of ttic tbruM in pcnicoLir, ^^^^H 

niBdkiuu vUcb occMlon, Mug 

134. ^^^H 

on Toluniaij aiul InvuluntHi'/ 

mode of urp in, S64. ^^^^H 

if*mon, sae. 

Air, ihould be well rcgnlated b ^^^^| 

AMtnTu:cK. or W<innwiKiili uiw '•( 

iihrenitii, ^^^^^| 
cold Buil bumld, a eaoiw ot ^^^^| 

ita decoction in Moiiiidi cijiu- 

plaiuu, 4!(0. 

uthma. 3S6. ^^^^^| 

IM luu In iuilikiuinuioD t>( tli« 

a dciira «/ much cold. In aallmu, ^^^^^| 

H»«r, Ul. 


cold, httiiftal in nieuthy, 4 IT. ^^^^| 
l>endi('i»l in (he brioipng ^^^^H 

lllO Uvw, WD. 

OMfuJ Ibr tiraieiitjiig Uie Ibnum- 

nfi 431 ^^^H 

tiuu of bilB, 47S. 

ihut up in lliu uiito, rMoOtblci ^^^^| 

Amcbm in tb« Imigt IscbI u> old 

pirunajr, ^^^^H 

pcnoni, SC8. 

dceinr of cold, in caanu, 9TS> ^^^^^| 

UMMt of matter tlicnjof thrcu^ 

iu pnimiaiinia, 969. ^^^^| 

tho lung! olun [iioducca *ulto- 

AuCA ita luea in *atloua Ji«ea>t», ^^^^H 


3H0. ^^^H 

of Iho colon, iloa* not dlflbr front 

Akamjwa, the niilnr« of, 334-6. ^^^^^^ 

other IntcnuU ukim, SS4. 

coniioclc'l with discwM uf tho ^^^^^| 

of thfl bindder inaunblc, 3iS, 

ularm^SST. ^^^^| 


from CaeliCEia, 339, ^^^^H 

1 traiUDMnt of, ia th« liicr. 489. 

«ecupi«( tha flanlu whan anptj, ^^^H 

■jrnpioow of iupuDding in pUn- 



iu ai'mpteani, 335-T. ^^^^H 

|iroiiiido( ootwnrdlr bctoMn the 

nion! djfficuli to mtc tlian tfn^ ^^^^^| 

rlba, at I«nil4 lo tlic mtcMiiuM, 

pBUitiv, 3M. ^^^^^ 


AxoiXA, or (joinM^rt * di«a«o nbiob ^^^^| 

ACUNL nr* Injurloaji in certain ma* 
Usiiwt nlc«r* of tbo bladder, 

(^nenU7 attadu dogi^ 949. ^^^^| 
oaiMca of, 109. ^^^^1 


^mptonu. of. M9.B9. ^^^^| 

ilMira for, in Knta ddectknu of 

ttcalinum ot; 4(H-T. ^^^^H 

tha lircT. 979. 

two apccics of. c^nancbe. and wj' ^^^^H 


nouche, ISO. ^^^^H 

of Ui* haad, 463. 

trtalment of, iihca luppumod, ^^^^^| 

to be amidod in tatirriatl*, 159. 


B caaiM of ignautj, SM. 

Anootiisa, u«c of, la Uaut, i9». ^^^H 




Abiidoibs, oMi of, in rtnnl olcull, 

T^mui and hm* oT otruin, 470. 
thoM at SymjUmn tai PhilOk 489. 
naet of levcral, iu mebuicholf, 

47T, 478. 
thu of VoAinai in gonotThcva. 

Hvi tMortponnd from >ipen in 

einUpvf , 470. 
Aon*. ritaMcd at tb« left adt of the 

vtna aura, miiI ifniptiUutta 

ijrmptoDu of tlie. inflnmiM]. USI. 
miUDwnl of, 44a. 
Arnni-K. dncrtptiaD of tlie>« ulccn, 

Arwi-Kxr, iu nnwrti, 800-7. 

Horn a b1o«, 407, 3Mi from a 

ftlll, .108. 
gsncnUly indacod bf «xdcu In 

taiiug, a»S. 
tmtiucni of, 394. 
Arteriotomt, uwful In n^halKB, 

Tortii;!), fLpilopaj, and niiMt 

dinoM* of Ibe b«ul. 459. 4M. 
Abibat, Uie donal, atfeiMd in in- 

flunniBiiua of lhi< rona a*vt, 

tlii< atTociion brid Iu bo & spwiM 

of cnuinif. 4*3. 
kticRvti br ilB peculiur tTmptomi. 

lh« uiigia uf nncriut, the bcatt^ 

AHruHiTi*, n )t«n«ral pHJa «f the 

juiuU, 3(12. 
wlien to be tnraled bjr tefrigvi> 

nni), 303. 
wlicn h> be Irauud \iy caiufncioiiti, 

n Kcnorol aflcctioii of the norvc», 

■I* caiiao not asccrtnin«i). 369. 
how It ipivndi. M*. .IQS. 
lroatml^nl of. 49!. 4!)3. 
Ascn-Rii. tbc niiurc of. .134. 
tin >irm]itiiin*. 3.14. 33 a. 
huw •liMiiiKiilibod from cucliDxia, 

Iiuvr diiiintrDlalicd (hnn Ijm- 

IwiiitM, 336. 
R'CPIilavlu of th« fluid In, ilio 

AsTUHA, a term avmelLiuoa used ia a 

Eniiiml wnao, 3 1 6. 
iinlurv of eIio itiaesH pruperl; bo 

A»Lljin« (rimlniwJ). 

v/iupMiiu of, 3I$- 1 f>. 


thcatqiwl oTgoqi (ncitrabl^j 

In ocrtua cmm not dsnci 

»I7. ^ 

Actuitv, ooMtaoia affiMtkMM d 

Uaddw, sea. 

ooMUioni (alcaliut 343. 
inAainiiuaioa «f Ui* 

infiunmatioo of 

nultgnaiLc; of 

meUodwtjr, WW. 
plcuhnr, IST. 
phthin*. S69. 

Batdi; the hot, ibcar powers, 
tlic hot. hurtful ID vtrtigo, 41 
the cold, thdr power*, 447. 
UMi In gononbin, 4SX 

DM of coliT (M-baihl 
Ihritit, 4*3. 
in MphaliM, 4G3. 
thu tlmnnal, or sakibi 
bitouiinou*. uMlol 
choly, 477, 

useful in Blephaaliani. 4 

BiLBi tiKOiflfa angrr in Homor. sj 

ftllow, vomiiing of, in vol 

indicatca maiiiu, S96. [ 

black, indiotloi tnrUncbelir.l 

dJKhnrg^ upwiirdi in N 

dinww, doadlf, 39S. ; 

diicharsod donnv-nrdt Ini 

dlMue*, dangeroii*. 99(1 

in chronic diuoMU. poaecm 

■IvH'iilcty mid diMuue ol 

li'viTr. 398. j 

mcitirinca which pBr|[«( j 

ni(!liuiiie<}(ru(«, 475. [ 

hicn of •loM. 477. 

abxinthiuin, ur worm 


Bul>DRR. n whiU' and mIiI nervi 

uiciiibmiv), S8S. 

•flbrde llie pNMK* to pa* in 1 

oriholiv«r,ipleen,and kid 


ftlTvcted in artliriljt. M4. 

coliiv 3M. 

inSnmiMl by the driiikin); ofl 

lharid«( or bu|WMtis. SJB,! 

abo tij rubcfncicnM cod 

ing oaotlutridu, 4Ii 



^^^ moKx.. wi ^^M 

Bladd«r (eoHlinvtd). 

Cachexia (amlmHtit). ^^^H 
till! principal eauac of ilrop^, SSfl. ^^^H 
ratiK of itcntory, 3i9. ^^^^M 

thtenaua ot St4.SiS. 

cmIcuIiu of. 344. 

bcnmcrluge at, iu frpnpcomt, 3SS, 

who) connocud i"ill> teirHtiuof ^^^H 


iheaptaOB^DOulyincunibhhMI. ^^^H 

Kancniio Mid mortiflcaticn of, 

Cu^n-Ds of iIm kidiieyt, 383. ^^^H 


nHMMBOMM in thta^^t.SM. ^^^H 

pmlriU of, Mllod poTMu, 30S. 
tmuiucnt of, 447. 

tfmjMtat of, nhon hapoded in ^^^H 
lh» oNMn 184. ^^H 

■pliiwulu* of, lo bo «ppr«h«iii]ed 

when k>d{^ in t]i« bladder, ^^^^| 

fniiii iliD improper luo of tho 

989. ^^H 

c*llicu-r. 44S. 

C'lre of, 441, 444, 437. ^^H 

ulorrenf, 9M. 

ia lappreimon of the urine, ^^^H 

uiiiliTKovii Rupiirtuiun of urino 


frurii iiitlunimiKiou, ftr^ 384. 

«f th« bladdnr. S«4. ^^H 

Hyiiipliiiii" uf. 394. 

■goa inosi comman in. I8S. ^^^^| 

ciiri> (if, 447. 

•mall tu bo uxciKd. 410. ^^^^| 

Blibtbuk. or )tutH>rwi<<nlf, lo l>« ap- 

•nppnnaa of nrino fraaD, ^^^H 

plied in c«|>lialK«> 4S'i. 


in cirlinc MffiK'tiunB, 4»l. 

trcoimenc of tho lapptoaion, ^^^H 

in vi!ni{;o. 4114. 


fiDiu ciiiii)iiuidi:>, n9«liil in epi- 

cauKi of, 448. ^^^H 

Icptjf. <6a. 

Cjurnuwtiaa, dcletcriuna (a the blftd- ^^^H 

Btow, K cauto of obtouBM in tb« 

dcr. 470. ^^^1 

lUDg*, 3 IS. 

iaduec fatal inflnrnmntion thereof, ^^^H 

* ouM of angina. 333. 


of BpoplcX}-, 334. 
of dvKDIcrr, 334. 
of ncmontiagt from ihe 

mnedied br tniLk. «;o. ^^^H 

uKful in BplUiMn' Igr jmdiidng ^^^H 

hliiton. Sec BliMcm. ^^^H 

head, 338. 

Cammac IhnLAsa, tjwpEom* of, 9T0, ^^^H 

of InHamnuliali of iho loini, 



coiuc* of. >TI. ^^^H 

of lleuik,!75. 

nMUnent of, 439. 8m IWihet ^^^H 

ct luualj^t. 307. 

Syncope. ^^^H 

of t)ic nipiui* «f TWHla, 

C*«roa, a itnody In ftll diiciiDc* of ^^^H 


tin NfTWH. 891. ^^^H 

SUAar, or Thunxi kff«cted in 

rmr twefnl in nwpU^y, 3HG. ^^^H 
uMbl in (onomcM. 4»!f . ^^^H 

*lowly suppufiuM. 314- 

maraamiu. 3U3. ^^^^| 

nUKs of uluCDsia in the. 312. 

leihargy wh«n k''">'^ In *• ^^^^| 

tlicsc diKhar^ pun hjf tli« 

dyil«r. 3VU, 391. ^^^1 

muuih, 313. 

ho* varionily adminlHond, 39t. ^^^H 

(jFmptoiiiB of heuiorrhaj^ from 

ihu buM of ilenintaioriM, SSI. ^^^H 

Uio, 26JI. 

CATAPLAaun, nsefui in angina, 4ns, ^^^H 

Bdvoks. pcitilcniiol, oannectsd with 

uefiU in apoplexy, 3!W. ^^^H 

(lie liver, a;a 

aithnlia, 493. ^^^H 

H Bupiuuttu. lomc u ihw me/m cetico- 

obolem, 437. ^^H 

■ MrJo, 336. 

ooUac duKwa, 431. ^^^H 

^B when dnink, a c»un of dropajr. 

dn>p*y,3B4. ^^^H 

^1 3^6. 

^onorrha*. 488. ^^^H 

^B bti^ In inlianunation of the 

inflsmmttica of thu Utut, ^^^H 

^B liliu[d«r, SHQ. 



iJclll, 439. ^^^H 

^f Cachbxii, ilouliio tigaiRaaiaa of tbo 

Iclliarg^, 393. ^^^H 

■ («rm, 3a». 

plcuiitu. 414. ^^^H 

^B ^pnpHMU uf th* iU*M*«, 313. 

363. ^^^H 

^1 oauwof, 33ft. 

U-(juini^ 403. ^^^H 

H oonmoud whli ^nudJct, 337. 

nicer* of the tonnli, 409. ^^^1 

^H oDs ^^^^^^^nra 

m. ^^^^^^^H 

^H| CAntiTRM, UM oC la nttpranloD of 
^^H1 iba nrinf, 448. 

Cold (MUtaM^ 

Tliaga,ladaiBmuloa oftlMlt 

^^Hl dwigeiwu in p«r«tj*i« of lli« 

ikiu, puvljala. 

Cduao UiBMSiiu ■jrmpfoaui 

^^^H Cackh, ot Aid«ot ittvv, Bfiuiuunis 

caaataof, 351. 

^^M otttr^ 

inaliwt of, 491. 

^^^1 tb« oomiwiCHDWrt of ayncope. 

Colic, trmftaaa of, 353. 


bow dadagnbhp'l from lUwi 

^^■V faflMdaoadoD of ilMT«m(aTa,Ki 

of th« noaU inteslinca, 277. 

Hnied. 443. 

CoMis. a thidi and flahr itueal 

cold water (oi drink »inc*liat 


hcncfldal in all om» of. IH.t. 

porloaBi • T*n in digCMkKi, i 

C^mutt, lo ibo head in ifiUcjiqr, 

ibMCMoC >7T| how opeaoi | 


cnnd. SIS. 

lo Ilie head tn CDphaLn, 4flt. 

utMn of, frodi ooQc pain, SSX, 

10 ili« *l<la In abMcM of Uu Urcr, 

idcnu ocatwctod with diaa 

^^|l S30 

of, 3tA; bcnr, 3SS. 

OoLCMBLu. *7in|HoiiH of ilu* ad 
lion of Uu iiTTita, S32. 

^^^^P CuraxLjiix)!*. Sf4i Ilcail. 

Ci:pa^.ju. vBTicuca and ajniptenu 

of, (94-5. 

ttmt* of, wi) iraattnaDt, 401 

trtaunont (if, 458-444. 

nrictie* at, tit. 

Enilace* v(nl|:<), S9a. 

bow Iha QTiUa 1$ apVt in tvi 

OnUIOiXXm Ca>M. prore Rnildenlf 


ratal bjr napiratwn, HM. 

when to ba txHaod, 407. 

CiuHoiniMi4. the uwrciMi 4(7, rt 

Coma in Pleorit;, S99. 


CuMTuuiOK, er Tcuanii 8m ^ naiutv of. tTX 


in various in-mplonu. 174. 

CotKm, a oanaa orphcbiau, 310. 

whom it attack] iinndpiUr, 374. 

a cauie of abactiMC in Um vb* 

tnanneiit of. 43;i'.ifl. 


^^^■i CnncKtio Dintuat, tho genml na- 

Cnitaa, hov avacmwtt to b* aij 

^^^Hfe lure oT, 193. 

aboui the time of, tit. ] 

^^^^H Iha inMCmcnt 4^T. 

fomt ui be adniblKmd apMnia 

^^^^H CMORUAniini, explaBMian of (he icno. 

about iltn time of. 31*. 


Cnmiio, wiib tcarifK-Mioaa in A 

^^^^^ Clt*t1!u. nau of. In anaina, 404. 

with Bairifiauiotw in Apoploxj.V 

^^^H Osci nf, in n]»|)Jcir. .19S. 

^^H . ccplukbta, ud. 

in eopbikLan. 35*4. 

^^^■j dUMMi of tba oolumollo. 

in MiUae diMM«.49l. 

^^■1^ 40S. 

in diaoMM of the oolnmel 

^^^H^K hvdaric (lis, 4G0; 


^^^^H iHhar^. 38S. 

in tba tfileptie naroxvi 

^^^^^H p1■rell■Ii^ 3H4. 


^^^^^^H adcctioTia of Lbe kidocTB, 

in NiBaBnuuioa of tho Ihn 

^^^H 44». 


^^^^^H ^ncop<> 494. 

^^^^^H inHointnBdaD of Uia t«uii 

in IcdiaiKT, S«B. 
In udancliolr. 474. 

^^^^^1 car^ 443. 

In (ihirnitia. :W5. 


Id eolculai of tbe kidne 

^^^^^H pncumonik. 41 L 



in Mtjnaali^ i&X 

^^^^H mtytimi*. *sa. 

in vartlgD, 4M. 

^^^^^H nicenud uin«]>. 406. 

inqmeofiB^ itO. 

^^^^^H pantlnli of ilie Madil«r,SM. 
^^^^^H Cold, caaat or railoai Jitaaw. Sco 

in l«Uinin,4U. 

in alcCTs of Iba tonaiktM 

^^^^^H under anfclna, tiitcat, icuaui. 

^^^^^H ijHaiitrj, cjiikpiy, hcmo^ 

can, 44a. ^H 

^^^^9^^^^^^^ UTDKX. ^^W MS ^H 

H Capping (onf^W). 

H wilBoai •canAcailon, or l>r;f Cup- 

Dropn (eoRfntiHhf), ^^^H 
wtien connecMd IbcrewUh inca- ^^^H 

^^^ pliHt In ^mpUxjr, 9S7. 

nihle, 3SS. ^^H 

^^^^ In tiT«i«ri(«l (ODTnUion.tSO. 
^^^m In rboltni. ^T. 

conn*ne<l wir.h rolis pain. iU. ^^^H 

Ji(iiti<1l<>t. 3'J7. ^^^H 

^^^H In piwamonia, 'UO. 

MCiMiunt and alMnttiaD* of ^^^H 

the lircr, 331. ^^^H 

^^^H In pbraniti^ 36 }. 

■vr«UiDg of tlic gplcen. Stl. ^^^H 

^^^^1 .|h talunJut of the Udncn, 

Mcr«tian> of (b« tplotn, 431. ^^^H 


goul, wbich i* incunbU, ^^^| 

^^^^ 4wiK«r from the miiuppUeuioa of 


^H Si in tclKTiiu. 401- 

influniQiuion of tba llrer, ^^^| 

^B CTHiXCIIK, Mc unctrr Angio*. 


H Ctmic Si-jtax, iu naiuic. 30Q. 

H Idhe Mcpuil of laUtmute db- ^^^| 

^P it* ijinptmnSi 3iKt. 

H Ctslbiuic Jomi, ice Sitphiiim. 

MMm Tory dMigtifon*. 319. ^^^| 
nrrifd oSbf a profuN dlurlKea, ^^^| 

Ml. 32}. ^^H 

H DaTB, th« only artirlc of Uin donan 

MmnimcB foituiuMlf iHOMatnia ^^^| 

^B not injurioui in ccptmJalirla, 

Iientei7, 843. ^^^H 

■ «««. 

ft moM lafdf rrmorad naturalt/ ^^^H 

H llw deeMilon flrinn In turmo- 

b^ maU. 331. ^^^1 

■ ro»u. 7SS. 

pcnoni in Ic dn not readily (woac, ^^^H 

' JfxJwrrtun or Umo In cachexia. 


1 M9. 

penowinltlwnciltodbxaooploiu ^^^H 

in niclnncholy, 139. 

dltehorgo of niiiM, 331. ^^^H 

* ranM of ih» ciiilvnilc puTixy*ni, 

the rariotie* and ayiqilonu «f, ^^H 

_ I«. 

834-7. ^^M 

K (n hUck>iindio«, 3>T. 

panial dtoptj in the head, Iti* ^^^H 

■ In tntauniu «pllnp*r. SST. 

lonm t^ tint, tlie apUen, ib« ^^^| 

■ Dkuquium Ahihi, urSirounin;. 

uuru*, 33T, ^^^1 

H In itir cumnuMn^sinenl of cbuleia, 

B xlnunlar tjiwiM of, 33T. ^^^| 

■ *3«. 

dialxM). a aipeoiei of, 333. ^^^H 

H nqaiN* wine. 4ST. 

l>TaB)(T«HT, a^muoinB of, S&3-7. ^^^| 
auiM* of, 393. ^^^M 

H *n ■Action of tim hoiat, S7I. 

^B oci'uioiu epilepcr, SSS. 
^L^^ ■j^gTancM ilic oang** in pnaa- 

a cauM of affuctiona of iho live* ^^^H 


^^^K nonio, 41 B. 

■ MOM oif lionMry , SSB. ^^^H 

^^^H In drnp7, S38. 

Mweecdii ■ diaebarK« of blade ^^^H 

^^^H limrlaritj- to «tom«(ih aiTcction*. 
^^^V fdlal In dytenUrj, 358. 

tola. 390. ^^H 

Ei.Ki'itAi'T. daoniption of thg wild ^^^H 

DeLiBiiTU SuiLs. how it dlflrn from 

animal, 30G. ^^^H 

ioHnily. 901. 

BI.U-1UB ur Ei.KnuHTtA»ia, the dii- ^^^H 

DiASKTtB, nrheaM nMiw-l, 3.19. 

eiM nained from nwmtdaim ^^^| 

a ipMUM of drap«j. 33H. 

M tha Umi, 368. ^^H 

■jinplioliui of, 333, 34D. 

ijinptama of, 3B8-T8. ^^^H 

cknwl of, 330. 

trMUneni 01.494-98. ^^^1 

ircMmoni of. 438, 44(. 

hiMMiei of pcnuni alTected wilk, ^^^H 

DiAiiRHiix. ■ ilcHiDy tymploni In 

373. ^^H 

lillioiu, CDHM h«p*titl*, ST3. 

why nunod aUo )M)rria«i, 363. ^^^| 

let^ 368. ^^H 

pl«uri«ir, SS?. 

iniHboa horculciii. 363. ^^^H 


RwpiKMrTniytdWHi, hc under TctaniUL ^^^H 

(MyriMit^ IMS. 

Kici'TTaii. what. 168. ^^^H 

Dims. th« (nai«^ elTocUor tti bil«. 

UnrTKHA, the nainn of. 309. ^^^H 


fium Pneumonia. 8m tnd«r ^^^| 

I>SOnr, prfncinllj aritH from ca- 
^K cbexi», US, 3M. 

AbecM*. ^^^H 

fromplnriv- SMmteAbfotM. ^^H 

SmfftOM (cmtiatimO. 

pcmmu latd 10 b« alKcUd with, 
when iiiatl«T pMM* tlnvii^ the 
luiiEri frou too hi Wit or ilik*, 


GriuinT. B diauM paoniar M Uie 

Iwod, 270. 
■DOM bBMlkT ID «Brlr lifn. 3M. 
MMBIMiiw ttniov«t) bj die aoo«»- 

•ioa oT jrouth. 1197. 
wImo IbfcMmm omwM to T»- 

nuvcd, ns-T. 
whmce luaiied Uie MCtod iUnomi. 

■Jln|i|0»U of ■ Ai, 243>4e. 
gm«nd •vnijitomi of ihc diacMC^ 

ItMtUiem orih» parazTnn, 899. 
nnonJ irutawnt of Uw dkcaM, 


<lrilcptic fit teMmlilM Uio hyiM- 

KmI, 2e«. 
EnniKxts, in obalcra, 43*. 
In MiUepqr, 41<h 
in JlabMM, 496. 
In phraittii, 9U. 
in aiofMctilc dlMwc. 4 SO. 
in mBimowtlou of Urn noa nn, 


in liBaiiMrii«gcorihabladdvr,447. 

in «nlUc il)«MM, 491. 

in nialwicholy, 478. 

In hisnio|il]ra[\ 4t4. 

in iyiicii|w. 43S. 
BuTBii'Ki.As of the brcMl. * fBroni^ 
aUo ^tapiom tn nngiwk Ul. 
BxKncMB in MpludNa, 461. 

In offilUe diMMc, 491. 


In tJ«i>h«iiliiuii. 497. 

In suikhtIkw. 4H9. 

In insiiuiclioly, 470. 

ill TOTli|ti>. 467. 

of the lifindt) am Ciiironomj'. 

of Ibe Tuicsi MV VcKifeiMiun, 66. 
Etta, certain dJKOMa of tliu, 307. 

f kvCHS. Aui>i»rt wn Cniuu*. 

latent, portend sj^cupe or lOibca, 

IWflDi, in internal ab j ccw ca , 914. 
•aid to nJicve ii|>op)ex*, S9T. 
danjccroiu In aonta amcdona of 
the bladilMr, MA. 

Hparvrnlng on indnion of the 

nladdur. dan)ten)u>, .t4A. 
■n(Krvoiiiiiji iiiti lucimiiityoii. an4. 

Favcn (MatwMrf)- 

in Ileal. 977. 
Pi.t«a ALiica of tbc vamb, SS9. 

Kmu, 3». 
FoHEvriiiftnii in Bii{[lnii, 405-6. 

in iluu*. 439. 

In iu&uuiuaiioo oi tbo kidn 

in lirflamanation tit the liver, 4 

in If tharev. .i«9. 

IB filniti*.!', 413. 

in renal caknlnt, 446l 

is tOtUBt, 401. 

toomnch. a omim afnpaptexy, 3 

of nuHun.S09. 
datalent, a cauae of dtojmj, 3 
ooRUjMiMi of, a eataaa of sfiiki 

la ehtldnn, ass. 
aeiid, a eaoio of djratOMfj. 33 
uM of nwhl&rloui, « cmtf« 

MO of ntaltliatloui^ n oawM 

itiflanmaiion ot Ut* livar, 1} 
lo b« towrtctail u ifaa oriaeiL 

liquid, oual bcfittjnc in fanai^ a 

FucTMW, nan o(. In oaphalMk 40) 

moi of. ill mdiac diaewo. 409. 

in «|iilcpv, 479. 

in IstkHOfr, 393. 

In taanMmm. avs. 

tn hMwiptjiK 483. 

In vatfan),4S5. 

with rouKh iWn doth. 4M. 

of (he haad in c|>lltpi7. 470. 

In ooiilial*a. 483. 

FCBOR, from the fuUtg at m»a4ngt 

aiid hreaejamnt, 901. 

Iia n-in|;itaau and utaiiBent. 8 

OioiTB Stojca, or jet, ■ UH of «| 

iepqr, »44. 

Outuata'a of the Uaddcr, 98S. 
OAKiAniaN* at Gatglet, in qnfaMi 

B <Jo«cri|ition ot the pmea*^ 4< 
QEvrAriox m cophala*, 440. 
in cholera, 437. 
in (jiilqMn', 471. 
In ton'irrbH!a, 4M. 
In Mhi(r«r. 4«3. 
in mdanclioly, 478. 
In llireatcaoi manmu firani ff 

cope, 433. 
1 cidcnl 

cnlni of the kidneya. 448i 
in lucmopl;*!^ 431. 

^^^P INDEX. .yu ^^H 

^U Q««Ulioo (mntmwJ). 

Hdlabore, Ihe white, it* nan (cm> ^^^H 

^H in T«rtigo, iC9, 

fiiwnO. ^^^^1 

^H in inflanuiuitioii of iKe y«u mta. 

in clcpliantiaiii^ 497. ^^^^H 


in vanlgok 443. ^^^^| 

^H QoK<iBBiiaiA from iMrriauM, 347. 

in melunholy. 47i;. ^^^^| 
wonderfdlly «m«adou* ai tha ^^^^| 

^H • MOM of panlyuB, MS. 

^H iu qrmpiMiw 346-;, 

iha Blod, enwiucca Uack biti, ^^^^| 

^H tNatlli«llt«r.t88-9. 

^H in winncn, 346. 


^M GocT, iu DBinrc, 363. Sco fnrihcr, 

iu u*ca In tnrUnclinly. 474. ^^^^| 

^H AnhritltL 

IlRMoaBiuiia, nuulca, vadetim, and ^^^^H 

^H wbon iDTownue and lumdlMr;^, ii 

(yropinin]) of. In cli«ac alTtctiont, ^^^^| 

^H Incuralilc. 403, 4B3. 


^1 drop*y ud utbm& •oiiimIiimi Ib 

cauw« lit. zea-*. ^^^^H 

^1 tmiacl*, 9e&. 

tr«alment of. 413.9. ^^^^| 

^H In lint Mutckt, wonderMlj' te- 
^H lictod hy hollebDTc 401. 
^1 puwm aObewd with, IcnilD In 

of lli« intcMlnc*, .'JSS. ^^^H 

Cram ilio Tcna mtb, SSIX ^^^^| 

raiy fraai )n iha livw. 966. STS. ^^^H 

^B iUvUkk mntdlw tot ihom- 
H m1vm,4»3. 

Mnnol bo npintwed. 178. ^^^H 

of tha kidney*, SHS. ^^^^| 

ef the Maihlar, 36». ^^^1 

^H HSJU>, puci of tliC, 394. 

of tha aunia caimot be clwcliod, ^^^^| 

^H iu vsrioliM and STmplom*, 


^H S>«-3. 

from tbt DOW r«Mtrea plenriir, ^^^^H 

^^^^v matiiwiit, 


^^^^1 ouwe of lh« iliiMH Mllad 

pnrumunia. 1G3. ^^^^H 

^H qrmptom* c? heiuorrhags of llii!, 

nipprvuicni of tpinaxis pTodDcrj ^^^^| 
n«nu>rriiBg« by [ho )]aktii.l64. ^^^^| 

^1 164. 

nnigOk 464. ^^^^1 

^H dix^y of th«, 937. 
^H wiu or nmniK. 3t)S. 

vioarioDi of tbo mcMtmal ili«- ^^^^| 

charge. 266. ^^^^| 

^H >U illmuu thereof bcncfitvd by 

rtiolTpa influnmntioa of ihr littr, ^^^^H 

^H ancriotofnr. 4B{). 

^H ineliioii of tno Inlcennicnu Ktiil 


■uppii'MlOin of nn liubiluul, occu- ^^^^| 

^H bono down to the diplot. ■ rv 

Snnnia, 303. ^^^^H 

^H tncdy in ecphilKa. 469. 
^1 trciiauninic of llie, 4 jil. 

IlEtioaRiiaii)*, *u|'|ii'«*eii]Dor,ac«UM ^^^^| 

cartiexk, 3:19. ^^^^H 

^H baraing of ttie. 4S9. 

uf m«laiiclitily, 30:1. ^^^^| 

^H miuinnl usoful in diwaaei of Itic, 

of lertigot 41(4. ^^^^M 


lICTVIWCBMIIAt 194. ^^^^1 

^H BkJuiT, ihccommenromonlof itapim- 

irMtinmi ^, 4C3, ^^^^H 

^H tkin and of lif*. MK 

BiKKA, a* a mri(ntiT«, ernruoloi the ^^^^| 
wholabwly K<ntU', 4C1. ^^^^M 

^H aiincu air hf iha lunOT. S4I, 
^H alKeciiDiii of ihc, occMon luddcn 

Vmaai, (|uot«<t fur ili« tiKiiifiration of ^^^^1 

^H d«ndi,vSl. 

can^n Gitvk wonlt, SB8. ^^^^| 

^H (yneop« p(op«t)yadiMaMof the. 

ha* aaid that pain uf (he bUddcr ^^^^H 

^1 176. 

i* moat cxcrucLuing, 447. ^^^^H 

^F i^iniitonu of it* being adtcicd. 
1 275. 

HriUTKi^ diachainof, in drnpiy, 337. ^^^^| 
&«c tin'lvr Dropry. ^^^^H 

fi>iu>ORK,Ihc Wt»le,of all «nciianU 

nTi»iociit-uALii*, a ranecy otittfpaj. ^^^^M 

^m iha b«HBiid*lroiiBMI.4e4. 

bvn nnder Ikoptj. ^^^^H 

^H ilw atrongBat of piugMin* and 

UTTKOtluiDcdicinum pbmiitif, SSC ^^^^| 
in pncDinoniB, I« be caalioiirijr ^^^^| 

^B cmolea, 497. 

^m iu pomn, 437. 

^^1 DMiIm of ailmlnlncrinR, 4AS. 

in lalyriaiia, donbtfnl, 4SI. ^^^^| 

^H Homach to b« pmioQily trained 
^H to the oponiuon, 476. 

nTamaicAL FiT,»7inpt(HDaof, i8S-7. ^^^^| 

croatniDnt of, 449-GL ^^^^| 

^H iu OMa in artluit!!, 493. 

anothtr dlKOfs rcMiabh* Ihe, SS6. ^^^^^ 

^B M6 INDKX. ^1 

^^1 loan* «r Jxmmat, iaafttont to 

Lt.Br)>ooTOitt. dangacxKia bi anj 

^^H Mote diMans, SM. 

4116. \ 

^^^1 connected with isflanunatioo ot 

Lstf txa. a eaoae «f iuomal 1m 

^^^H tht lirtT, 3'i4. 

ThaM,S*«^ 1 
a kind eir exerclae luenil ta l 

^^^H coniivcl4>t aJ» with odier nam*. 

^^H SO. xn. 


^^^1 iu nune, whnnce dta^red, 3JS. 

LsHjii*)! Biarn, o( Suu.; it* ■ 

^^H •jrmpMina of, S*7. 

clnal ntM, 4$8. 

^^H whil« uid blub. 317. 

LwHrnDH, naoie appliad la alc^ 
tiau*. Sm Slapbitntians. 

^^^H JuvilLli. diBchiuttH connpcled with 

^^^1 ukermtion thoKof. 904. 

LKTnaKaica, ttaattDoiil of, 307-93 

^^H Itanai wbtom named, ark. 

LMWorBLBUiutiA. iu natKra, 4» 

^^^1 qmiptaaii f< !7A-«. 

^mptunu of, 3S9. 

^^H WM of. STS. 

Lkjun. i.0.. Impetigo, a apede 
elepfaantiaMi s; I. 

^^H matmcM at, 43»-«0. 

^^^B iMntnoo or ljc«a«, attack* tli« 

LanrraaT, oatnra of, 3SS. 

^^^1 flngcr* in oluphantluii, 370, 

fonaod from dftentet)*. aw. 

^^^H MK note. 

•ormetiiiMa pmrat a eura «( lira 

^^^H cmbritco thocliin ein;ularlT,37t, 

onlj when uiKht, to b« Rma 
by voailtliiit i^vr fuvit, 3340 

^^^H tea iimo. 

^^^P InuKiTT, Rte Uakia. 

^^^H InscTiKKi, de*cent ilMreof inio the 

it« lyiupumu. 3M. 

^^^H •crmum ■ uaae of Horn, )T9. 

LiPOTniHii, oatunof, 305. 

^^^1 ahw«M of the, t7t. 

LiVEK, ih« office Mill] nature of 

^^^H henrurrhoec of the, 3SA, 3ST. 
^^H nloen of the. 3j3. 

:IT:. 319, 4?3. 

itti porta mppoaad iha aeat of 

^^^1 mall, when niCecled, how diaUii' 

■mil. ITT, 9T8. 

^^^H (girthed tt'jm colic, IT7. 

^^^H the initrnol IDnic lUidiarBod bjr 


^^^H Iho bovdi. Z5fi. 

node of opoDing ■■ dm 

^^H lacmu or ScnuiK'.A, natun of, SCfi. 


^^^H cfinptonu of, MS. 

InOaaed tjnaMomi ot, 97B. 
caoHa cf, 17V. 

^^^B maiment or, 4$3. 


matmeni of. 44Ck3. 

^^^H KlDRErS. Iho naticre dT iImi, 34IX 

rtatrtl. lyniptanu of, STS, 311 

^^^H Mimelilnciiilfa;tuilliiwthrll]i,364, 

tKataiani oC 47*. 

^^Hl in l^olic pain, US. 

■low (o nppnnu, ST*. 
dropty of ilie, 9T9. 

^^^H iotcrui cunnocud with Xnman of 


ttlcar <rf tha, ito. 

^^^1 abtcvM uf ihOh 343. 

peatilDnliiil bohoca, Manei 

^^^H (jrinptoffli of •upprcnton of itriiit 

wiih the, ST<k 

^^H| in iuflHioniBiion of the, 341-s. 

LuKiia, iiniuTe of the, SSI. 

^^Hl from ulcnlui and chMa ofbiowl, 

quick to npfmiMMi but d 


gtrouilf , 313. 

^^^H treauneiu of, 4aT>A. 

fnrm a paM*8e 1^ poa. in aba 

^^Hl hemontiage of the. Hi. 

of ihapUnra.3l3. 

^^H^_^ periodicBl, 341. 

ahaceaci of, &ora foamma 

^^^^^H when lupiiroMd. eaoiing 


^^^^^H epilepai- undothcr djjwaiet. 

bcmorrhace of. 3I0l 


mifft from dtufny, 338. 

^^^^^1 iilc«nitiMuoft)ie,digteh>ri^ngpni 

ulc^n uf. Indncc phtkiale, 1 

^^^^^B by ^hr. Breihra, SIS. 

8m, fnithor, nnilrr AmIi 

^^^^^H ormptonu thareof, S4I. 

I>nvainonlK, and l*IetiriBr. 

^^^^H trutimcni thertof, 4A7-S. 

^^^^^H XariAttor, tlie (uiulcaJ inurumoni. 

MiVDtAOOV*. i)r Uandrmkc^ indi 

^^^^H 4eoL 

madntM, 301. 1 

^^^^^H U j}iaru, in the rena eara, SSO. 

Mutu, incurable wbu tlie Mitiwi 


malaatboiji aua. J 

^^^ ^^ff INDEX, 807 ^^M 

^ Manik (cmrinvtdy. 

Nenc* (canfMKeJ). ^H 

^B iiaturo of. 301 1 luil lornu. 303. 

arc doblliiued in KonorrlMik Sit. ^H 

^M tx'^'P^"^' °f' SOI-*! tad cauwl 

H of, 302. 

prindpally eAcMd in mcloB- ^^^H 

choty. ^^^H 

^H s nnguUr ipcein of. .104. 

b' jutralyiU, and in what ^^^^| 

^" Liitory of a pcrvjn allecleil willi. 

mannet, 306. ^^^^H 


in phrcnlili, 3A0k ^^^H 

1 UiBinvo, iresilmrnl nf from iMliwin' , 

liiclilon of, iiKoeeded by IMraly* ^^^^M 

aU,3oa. ^^^H 

Nils, tlie>r*t«r«i>r.a came of dtiMM ^^^H 

B fram (]^co|i«, 439. 

~ UKUxciioujt, lu nunra, IM. 

Hon, all«cieil in arthrilit, 3(4, ^^^H 

IVom (uppraMion «f th» ntnilniiil 

lUtchanc*. 475. 

abstractiun of bluod ftoni th«, ^^^^H 

IiMnorThoittMl ili«:liar^4TS. 

Ikiw perfonned, 4SUi ^^^^H 

TMBiiiQR of tUuk IhIs, U9C. 
fSrom lumei diMtM^ AJt. 


{El>UM. or groat nrcHiog, of tho ^^^^| 

qFnptoou ot, IS^ 90a 

brawt, a ulutaiy q^nptom Ui ^^^^| 

H <aani of, WW, »». 

an^na, ^^^^| 

^H tnatmaot ot, 473-9. 

Oil, eiti baili of, in renal otknll, ^^^^| 

^B HBLtKCMOLica, calUd nMulmu bj 


^M llifl andaiiu, aSS. 

UrisTuoTonoii. iu syniptoma. See ^^^^| 

^H Ubbstmdal iiiStiiuBUK, topipnssioii 

TMantu; ^^^^| 

^H uf. CSUK9 homoirliagc of the 

OuruormiiA. whence Domed. See ^^^^| 

^M lungL SG7. 

AMhma. ^^^^1 

^^^^H mcUnchalT. 47S. 


^^^^H blnck liilc, vicflricrui, of the. 39S. 

rjtmALTsa. netnra of, 90S. ^^^^| 

^^^^F u> be piumotcil In bjilcric*, 43). 

tiom BiparcMlon of hemoiA^ ^^^^B 
of the Ibdncy*, 343. ^^^H 

in melancholia. 4TB. 

UlUC iU vlrlufi, 39.1, 478. 

fto» goiuinhati, S48. ^^^^| 

Iti nnlntEou* nownra, 393. 
proicru th« bladder Aram eao- 

flnm melancholy, iiieontile, 47ft. ^^^^H 

from a wound, or induoii of a ^^^^| 

iharitlM, 4;s. 

nerr^ deadly, 303. ^^^^| 

Dwral In affiictioM of lb* kidncji^ 

tnodcaor,305,4<ff. ^^^H 

^^^^ 44ft. 

ilx eaiite> if, ^^^^| 

^^^^^ in ulcentioD of the lusgv. 

lympicmt of. 3a&-9. ^^^^| 
of the oeMphHjrua. or pallet, in ^^^^| 


' in aflcctiom of the wn* 

uoplexy, 397. ^^^^1 
«f tbo refiam. 398. ^^^^| 

CBTe, 444. 

UiuniABi*, * diicaae of the ^70. 307. 

of llie bladder, 307, 39$. ^^^^H 

of ihe cyr. 307. ^^^^| 

KATiOATios.or laiUntr In ihtl^Mtce. 
nicfnl in rephalBB. 41U. 

PABAFLiHtiA. ill nalure. Mi. ^^^^H 

FjkKBMa. [iroperly a piratytio aiFbctioa ^^^^| 

, in clcpharuiocii, 497. 
^^^K ia {>hth)tl*, 47B. 

of the bladder, aoSi. ^^^H 

FominiiTiaai, riolenc, a ran«o of ^^^^| 

^^^^H in cfanMk diMMte of the 

prolnpm* niori. Ml. 3G3. ^^^^| 
I'biij\ anddote «f, 499. ^^^^M 

^^^^^ kiaaen.*M. 

KiKTS*. hon eflhctcd by immodcniie 

pMAuKi'.txik of the Ktimh, 360. ^^^^| 

•Iccii, se9. 
the irfiiAnna, or aaotftDti'la, bene* 

pHnmtTU TcwlUy poMot tnu tyn* ^^^^| 
cope, lit. ^^^H 

flual to tlio, 403. 

bead and kiiioi principally of- ^^^^H 

dlnaMa of the, t«U«T«d by eatlor. 

hcud In, 303. ^^^^H 

ISO, 391,399. 

nene* how affkcMd b, 37>. ^^^^^H 

by liier*! 395. 

maument of, 3T84T. ^^^^^^B 

wumed by wine, 4a I. 

Parniaii^ lu nature. 309. ^^^^| 

tclenuv, a ilitMM of (he, rtUoi'til 

tttim coehexlo, inciirttble, 330. ^^^^| 

br fumentelion-, 101. 

from eoUc fin, 391. ^^^^| 

•nhritii. an BfToctiun of all tbti 

Dram pneamoDla, fatal to thft ^^^H 
H^a, S43. ^^H 





SOe INDEX. ^^^ 

^^^H FhAiut ((vjttnuMJ). 

Fondi of the lirer. tna«*J 

^^^^H Ihun aloea of the tnngi, »Ritt 

tkaceof ht>L 977. 1 

^^^^H pnwimtrnta. 863. 

■sppoMd Ae Kuti of dcAlnfl 

^^^^H frcnn li«inMT)ug« of Iha IrniE* 

178. 1 


PruAX, >U nrtno for tbe Ml 

^^^^H from hordiMW of th« tpUcn, SSii. 

picnm;, 411. 

^^^^1 iM ITtnpiOIBl, 310, 311. 

Pea, Tuitde) of, la pbihiali. St| 
paoing b^ the NaiUsr or b 

^^^H inatmeni ot, 4;s, 479. 

^^^^^1 • «pecSc* of. wltboul ulforatlon of 
^^^^1 UM iBntpi, .110. 

rcmorei pnemnoniK, lU 

(■nnyoma. 1ST. 
Ttriouoi of It tn ■bicBuel 

^^^^H of ths pn|iU of tlio cjA Si^T. 

^^^^H PanioE, lu iiMnn>.309i and jioculiir 

their charader, 3I&. 

^^^^H wjmpiaau, 31a, 

Pte (rtlif), « apeelMur pklUli^ 

^^^^^1 FlL*, or njii.i.,ilio<xcrd«,nhjar-Uon- 

^^^^^1 alile ill tunica, 
^^^^1 Pu«rs, the AUwiiiiin, 3M. 

Hbctiv, ibe iMeMtne, boir afl 

in diaeaiea of (be bladder, 

^^^^H Plh)b*. bImcm* of iIiL>, miii-iiinM 

prerufaHui of th«, 344, 344. 

^^^^^L IbwI* Io «n culnKinliuwy ili>- 

di«cfta>l^ of the, in aloen 

^^^^^B 4Aai(« of put, 313. 


Immmhui ownKted with J| 

^^^^^K tiM lung*, SIS. 

thereof, 3M. ^M 

^^^^H FLBOmttr. Ihe nUiire of. Sit. 

Bonlnii of tbtL 3M. ^H 

^^^^^^H wHnr pnouLiiuniik cunibtis 411. 


^^^^^H nlb)V«l by litiaiurrhag« M tlie 
^^^^H ntwe, a,. 

Smkbd Diskum, vhMoe m ih 


^^^^^H relieved lir bllLani dinrrhcM. 9ST. 

Sicam. the hoae, piia aC fn 

^^^^^^1 CAUKi olucttwu in the bnut. 

■Hcdion. S77. 


nnhiliigi, SM. 

^^^^^^H lymptfliiui of, iSS-8. 

SxMixx KtHtn, Iti nwdiciMd 

^^^^^H tre&unent of. 4I0-I4. 


^^^^H donuU, ue. 

SxKP^ the Bath oC bmIUI in oeph 

^^^^H blue, 416. 


^^^^^^1 wmcllmri false nii>paH»l lo exbt 

in the urine n aympton «( 



^^^^^H from TeonlcalFnU. 341. 

SirrRiAna,tHnr n«ined.U8. 

^^^^^H FxtuaoDD. rassmblw wthmo. 3t& 

Ill xTinpeanu, S33. as>. 

^^^^^H ib dilfcrcnco front uUimo, 31!). 

lMU«timeni. 431-3. 

^^^^^^1 tDmatimca poucii into dropcj. 

nieoMded bf j[o«orrb(>w, 34] 


ol*ph«ntia*is,eonie(iniea m> iu 
Sm Hephnnlian*. 

^^^^^^B pKKtlXOniA, or PKRIFiCRimoXIA, Ul 

^^^^^^ iiilUiuniKliuii i>r ilio limgt, SRI. 

Scinanve of lb« lira, 3ig. 

^^^^^H e CItlllW (irstliCVMiVl uf LllC blCHM, 

a rn.v|uta| afAdion of tlia ep 



^^^^^^1 u a aequo! of ylouri^v fual, 

diacuiKed with difElcuUf, 4SI 


gpnploma of; 321. 333. 

^^^^^H twulrrd In lioiDorrliRg* troini lh« 

IreBtmeDt of, 481, 4t)S. 


Bcoiov^. netureof, 393, 3B& 

^^^^^H rmuliiyl by biliuna ditrriiws, SS3. 

r>nuud (hiin copb4lca, S9B, • 

^^^^^^H tupiuiu iluvliarge of urinu. 

caiuH inianiA, nwlnaehoUa, 


phlhi«i>. 39B. 

^^^^^1 aTrnptomi of, SG 1-363. 

q^ptonu of, S9G. ^J 

^^^^^B traumencof, 4i!i-411. 

trcatnmnl of, 464-46B. ^H 

^^^^^H POMOKA. 8c« GoDt. 

caim of, 464. ^|| 

^^^^^H ro:i>OH>. Mtion of, rcMmbling pMti> 

8ra WxtKtt, drloi op ulcaw <1 

^^^^^H Icnllal dinouca, 350. 

Inng*, 476. 1 

^^^^^^K taken in drink toiucilmci infline 

Sehek. the due reicMkia of, pmq 

^^^^H ttio bladiler. 

the urcngth, 340, | 

^^^^H rafctnbU diabttei. M9. 

bMiui ud «»t»g<^ $ir^^ 

^^M ^^^r INDEX, ^^^^r 009 ^^M 

^^r 'RMMft (cvnfniVMf.) 

Studious nRiinx«, nulijcci to ttoniMh ^^^H 

■ Uw wint«r, enuwCBlMMCanuctu, 

■tr«t-ii()ii, ^^^M 

■ M7. 

tiucciNORitii. uieinbruiB lining tha ^^^H 

^1 diacbaned br nuunlac* in >1mi]. 

tliontx. ^^^H 

■ 3M. 

SwSAT. lupjircwion of haliiiual, in- ^^^H 

^■^ wine ioowMt. 4S9. 

duvel mania, 303. ^^^^| 

SiiLouounEa, medicinw wluch era- 

a lliiiT or. |irov» a teaionable ^^^H 

(riiu« liUiri, 39S. 

relief ui (Iropiy, 9S 1 . ^^^^| 

Siins. »c under Plror* «iicl I'lcuriix, 


Hiaii-UMi, to the Icgm nnd licm) lu 

TiSES. or Waating.riam wchexja in* ^^^H 

kUiWKT'. 39I.39S. 

curnlilf. 3S8. ^^^^| 

Sixoi-ru F^RTii. iti uMs. 426. 

MujKofnil'fciioniofilialiTcr.ass. ^^^H 

Ski3<k, antlituc from the rcpiilo.416. 

Tauii>, applied to pcrsoni cmociaivd ^^^^| 


bj uiccri of the liver, SIS. ^^^^| 

Bl.ur, ica gooil "t^ '''^ cflaU, 

TEHUSHtrB, Prmplolni of. nn*. ^^^^M 


TiisricLu, offoctod in colic pain, 3SS. ^^^H 

exoeMivtt oochIoiu ooUnm and 

Tkt.imi;«, itc notDre luid natiDilu, ^^^H 

««akacM of the Dcnci, tS9. 

nuwf tAobmiji a.nd opMluilonot, ^^^^M 

bow to tx.- procured in phrcnitji^ 



■ 4i«aM of the ncrvtsk, 2Ta ^^^H 

Bcur, QHi of. In ftlnphantluit. 496. 

fmaa n voond, drodl/, SK. ^^^H 

SoirriautK Wnoi>,a mUMliv for mug- 

tw aynifitoai*, 347-«. ^^^H 

wort, 401, 445. 

iu eounc*, S46, ^^^H 

Sm-tCBLi:*, or Oaiijrrcne nf ilto Intcs* 

)B trcalmcnl, 400^04. ^^^H 

line* III dj'MuiMry. .vn. 

TtWRUio rroni viper*, 477, 484. ^^^H 

In Um bl«dd«r Itan tlie uw of ili* 

UKftal for pTomotin|[ oonaoetion ^^^^| 

cathtur, 896. 

and the nrinaiy <li*cli«rp, 4*0. ^^^H 

SniiKR*' WKM, (MM «f, in «inpplns 

TiURST In [lub«i«« eoniwWil willi Ibo ^^^H 

the «xocHiir* dj*chu^ <il 

■UEo of lb« Moinwb, 4i6. ^^^H 

iMclMa' bitM. 449. 

ToBOiiR,c«DTiU*Iou or tpatm at Ute^ ^^^H 

iwamblMcc t<\ in iIk alrina 


^itehargiw^ U3. 

ToniL*,iilcer«ofdie,llieircniMtK3M. ^^^H 

Spi.bxk. ■ TiBcu» uf looM texture, uul 

*jrinptoaiB uf ihc, sss-a. ^^^H 

iiiicnnbtf^ 339. 

trcutniont of th«, 407-8. ^^^H 

its office. 314. 

TRaciiB.t,orA>peraAncria.liiiIUlinn ^^^H 

cAoi ftlftcted with vcirriiua, Init 

of.inadtctianaof the 111*11111,353. ^^^H 

■ddam iQppunuei^ 3>S. 

ulceration of the. In tuunoiiivili, ^^^^| 

iU alMcuK*, lympumis of, SIS. 



inriiion ihcroof dongcroui Inquin- ^^^^| 

trcatrnvnt of. 4SI. 483l 
dn>pay frviii. 3.17. 

Ecf . 8oe Ltrn^uUaaj. ^^^H 

top of. afflicted In an^na, MS. ^^^H 

TxAVKLLixo abroad, atalSi in ocpba- ^^^H 

■f mpinnn of icinrhiu, 3SS. 

tniiinicnil of, 4S1. 

lira, 463. ^^H 

twcllinK of. 333. 

in cpilepq', 471. ^^^H 

diMUM o^ ftcciitent in monbf 

TusrjuiKiiio it the ikoll, to e;»1qitf , ^^^H 

conntrici^ SS3. 


JMndlc« In con&cclion iritb the. 

in npbalirn. 4ei. ^^^^| 


Ttmi'asijls. ui Tymponitc*. iu natnr*, ^^^| 

SrcaxFTATORTBo. in*ilirlnc> of thii 


doM, 307. *;,(>, 459. 

■jmptonu of. 339, ^^^H 

ihe U'tt at. <»tuir. 3.1T. 


STOUiru. >U fiu^ullii't, 347. 

1 lliit juiitl4 and ^^^^1 

ill piTuliitr odwliiinf, 34B. 

I'Hii'utllohML ^^^1 

diiBMt or, like tlw fluor-utcrl 


IwaUr-iraii f), 360. 

.^Ccypiion and Syrian, S5S. ^^^H 

ii» tTmfMM.>*». 

VriL. a diman of the uvtila, SM. ^^^U 

i» cwUMi S4S) and tnttmcni. 

i^mpiom* of, au-a, ^^^H 

^^^m «*0- 

lr«aunont of, 407-8. ^^^1 



UaniK 8«e vnin Eidneja. 

A cc^iioiu dijch>^« ot, remoTM 
hcfwtiti*, 179. 
pQenmonla, 163. 
drop*;, 837. 
UxiXABC FianrLi (^aiic) (nxu woimd 

' at the bladder, 344. 
Vaki, like hail-Konea, in tho tongaa, 
from elephantiuiB, 370. 
or poltnlMi, excited bj medicunei 
rubbed into the ikin, 4611. 
Tn* Cata, datcription of ilite>ie of, 
Itt UWUMUt, 448-4. 
TmA PoMTJi; MB Portn 
TnraaaCTKW from Uie tain at the 
elbow, >79, «1 oAirMf. 
(cMUolt (Iw cnspten imder an- 
gioa, apop1ex7, cephalaa, affec- 
tum* of the OTola, ^lepay, 
hamoptnia, hrMerii^ conTol- 
■ioni, ilcDfl, letbsrgjr, meUD- 
ebolia, plearia^, nippreBsioD of 
urine, latTiiaais, Eyncope, to- 
tanoa, nlcen of the toiiiil^ 
acme afltetioiu of Ibe Uadder, 
from tbe &oat«I Tein (conanlt 

cephalna, epilep«7, TCrtlgo). 
from tbe veins of tbe tongue (con- 

snlt acgioa). 
{max tbe aaul reini (ne bringing 

np of blood, and cepbal»a> 
at the pabes, 450. 
at the aokls, 44i. 
Qnantit]' of blood to be al>atract«d 

bf, 49S, 41 aUbi. 
me of a large opening in, 409. 
TKBTiooi see undei ScotonuL 
VociFBRATioir; leeToiee. 
Toicx, ezerciie of, in Cfsliac dinaie, 
in clipbantians, 497. 
TownKO, iauaa of, a caiue of ca- 
chexia, p. 399, 1 9 (oBtrloohd ta 
Iht Iramlatiaii). 

TomiliDg (emUmatdi. 

how (o be procured in boya b< 
m^MBAoK iriiaim, 398. 

on an emptj ttoniacli, in 
phaniiMi*. 493. 

melancholia, 476. 

TiTi*phBTifiaaia. 496. 

mdancholj, 474. 

TBItlgOi 469. 

from hellebore. See HeOebo 

Vatki, cold, a eanae of ai^ina, 
of draentcTj, 354. 
of ileoa, a76. 
its medidaal n«es in chd 
tepid, naei of, in eb^er*, 4S9 
thermal, or nataral hot water, 
of, in melancholj, 477. 
Wm, iu medicina] poweri^ 886. 
DKa in eholcn, 43S. 
in phrenitii, 336. 
in the laat Aage of tjneopi 

rtmtdium maenwi, 431. 
dangeroui in laflammaliDD, 41 
in ezcesa, a cauae of angina, 4 
of apoplexj, 305. 
of ioflamniation of the li' 

of madneta, SOS. 
of paraljaii, 307. 
Wona, leat and nature of the, 18! 
cancfT of the, 361. 
fluor alboa and ninr ot the, I 
hemonbage and mflammatiM 
the, >S7. 
treatment of, 449. 
dropaj of ihe, 337. 
phagedenic nicer of the, 3601 
prolapauB of At, 861. 
nicer* of the o«, 360. 
WoRHwooi), an antllHlioaa medic 

47S, 497, 433. 
Wonm, a fatal canae of tetann^ 3 
of paralfna, 307. 


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300 PASIEuM arilVB 



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