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Full text of "Extra census bulletin"

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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Given By 

United Stgtes Census Office 



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Boston Public Library 



http://www.archive.org/details/extracensusbulle03unit 



Brieve nth Cftr^ti 
of the 
United Statee 



■ l^-.m-dwr. ^^vies*.'. 



Departiment of the Ikterior, 
census office, 

IVashington. November £, 1804. 



Dear Sirs: 

Yours of the Sth instant, relative to th^ Extra Bul- 
letins prepared by this office, is -received, 

I rsgrst that you have not b^en supplied all of this 
S'prie-s of bulletins as issued, and will direct that those now 
available, with the excepti an of the numbers 'noted, be for^ 
vxi'rded at once. The editions of a few have been entirely ex- 
hausted, but the summary of ths informati on covered by those 
missing from the file will bs found in No, 71, Those still 
to be pub li shed will be m.ailsd you when ready for aistribu- 
ti on , ^ 

I am, r/s^ ect fully t 



191. 




Comnii ssi oner oj Labor in charge. 
Trustees of the tublic Library 
of the City of Boston, 

Boston, Massachusetts, 



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A glance at tne accompanying map is equivalent to examining witn care tne cnange m poi)uiation m every 

county in the United States for a decade. The substantial results of such an examination are thus laid before the 

eye, and may be easily retained. Fu-st, the observer is natui-ally struck with the fact that in a very large number 

of counties the population has actually decreased. The number of counties which have apparently lost population, 
c. o. p.— 5m 



Extra Census Bulletin. 



No. 3. WASHINGTON, D. c. April 22, 1891. 

STATISTICS OF FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 

ALABAMA AND IOWA. 



DEPAETMENT OF THE INTEEIOE, 

Census Office, 

Washington, D. C, April 2, 1891. 
Sir : 

A resolution introduced April 22, 1890, by Senator Cockrell, of Missouri, enabled me to lay before the Senate 
the instructions, rules, and regulations formulated by the Census Office for the purpose of ascertaining the facts 
required by the several census acts relating to recorded indebtedness, the ownership of farms and homes, and the 
amount of mortgage indebtedness thereon. (See Census Bulletin No. 5, dated May 15, 1890.) In fact, it did more. 
It gave me the opportunitj^ of pointing out in advance the immediate difficulties which lay in the way of successfully 
conducting a novel statistical inquiry. It is, I believe, the first time a government has ever attempted to invade 
for statistical purposes the realm of private indebtedness. For this reason, and becar.se questions relating to debt are 
likely to arouse a popular prejudice against the census proper, it became necessary to adopt some plan that would 
secure the information demanded by Congress with the least possible friction. This has, in a large measure, been 
accomplished, and although the just demand on the part of the people to take an inventory of private indebtedness 
has been used for the purpose of making partisan attacks on the Census Office, the work has been prosecuted with a 
success far beyond the anticipation of statisticians who have studied the question for years. At the present writing- 
it is impossible to estimate the full benefits which will be derived Irom such an investigation. The emploj^ment of 
a small army of 2, .500 special agents and clerks to make an abstract of every mortgage placed on record in every 
county in the United States for the last ten years has attracted attention to the dangers of these incumbrances, to 
the enormous burdens in the way of interest, to the alarming extent to which usury is practiced, and to the 
defectiveness of these records in all parts of the country. The agents of the Census Office have, as a matter of 
fact, overhauled the records in every state and territory. They have traveled on horseback and on foot through the 
most sparsely settled districts of our vast domain in search of mortgages, and have done their work so industriously 
and so thoroughly that we now have on file in Washington as a result of their labor the abstracts of about 
9,000,000 mortgages. Some months before the inquh-y was begun Congress, and through Congress the public, was 
put in possession of the scope of the plan adopted. That plan, with hardly any change, has been successfully carried 
out. It comprised two distinct methods, one having the local records for the basis of operation, the other the 
population schedule, and hence the individual. As will be seen from the accompanying preliminary report for the 
states of Alabama and Iowa, the first plan makes it possible to determine with reasonable accuracy the amount of 
existing debt January 1, 1890, the rate of interest, and the motive of the loan, whether for purchase money, 
improvement, or other purposes. The second plan will shoAV the number of persons by comities in the United States 
who own their farms and their homes free from debt and the number having incumbrances thereon, the amount of 
such indebtedness, the value of such farms, and other facts of minor importance. These two inquiries combined will 
throw light upon the whole question of mortgage indebtedness, and will form a basis for subsequent investigations 
that will probablj'' yield more exact and satisfactory results. No one appreciated more keenly than myself the 
magnitude and difficulty of this investigation. Suggestions and criticisms have been sought in every direction, and 
the work has been prosecuted from beginning to end with the sole aim to obtain all the facts as accurately and 
quickly as possible. That there are imperfections in the work I readily admit, but no other method would have 
c. o. p.— 5m 



2 . FAKMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 

yielded better results without endaugeriug the enumeration of the people. On this point all statisticians who have 
examined the work relating to individual indebtedness agree. lu a report of the committee on statistics of the 
American Economic Association, made December 27, 1S90, the chairman, Hon. Carroll D. Wright, says : 

Your committee has taken great interest in the jjrogress of this work relating to individual indebtedness. From careful inquiries it is 
believed that the results, -while they will not be perfectly accurate, and can not be, in the nature of things, will not vary more than 5 or 
10 per cent from the actual truth. Should they vary from 15 to 20 per cent, the results would still be of incalculable value, especially 
should the inquiries be repeated at any future period. 

The special agents who have carried out this work, Mr. Geoege K. Holmes and Mr. John S. Lord, deserve great 
credit for the intelligence, industry, and faithfulness they have displayed in the difficult task allotted them. Mr. 
Lord had successfully conducted a similar inquiry for the state of Illinois, and it affords me great pleasure to 
acknowledge my indebtedness to both of these gentlemen for valuable suggestions in the formation of the general 
plan adojited. For the details of that plan it is only necessary to refer to the letter press prepared by these officers. 

The present inquiry will show two distinct results, namely, the debt placed on record for each of the ten years, 
1880-89, and the debt in force January 1, 1890. 

Debt on record. — The indebtedness placed upon record during the ten years in Alabama was $91,099,62.3, but 
all of this is not existing indebtedness. In Iowa the amount of mortgage indebtedness placed on record during the 
ten years was $431,288,542, a part of which, as will be shown, has been paid. 

Debt in force. — According to this report, the total real estate mortgage debt in Alabama in force January 1, 
1890, was $39,027,98-3 ; the total real estate mortgage debt in Iowa in force January 1, 1890, was $199,034,956. 

Per capita debt. — The average amount of debt to one of population in Alabama was $26 ; in Iowa, $104. 

ITuMBER OF ACRES MORTGAGED. — The number of acres mortgaged in Alabama in 1889 was 1,744,420 ; total number 
of acres in the state, 32,985,600 ; per cent of acres mortgaged in that year, 5.29. The number of acres mortgaged 
in Iowa in 1889 was 3,240,432 ; total number of acres in the state, 35,504,000 ; per cent of acres mortgaged in that 
year, 9.13. 

Interest charges. — The interest charges in Alabama range from 1 to 40 per cent, and in Iowa from 1 to 20 
per cent. Throughout the south and west the contracts often state that the debt is without interest or give a 
lower than the true rate. 

Equated life of mortgages. — The average life of mortgages, Avith no allowance for partial payments, is computed 
to be 2.73 years in Alabama and 4.93 j'ears in Iowa. The plan adopted involves the computation of the average 
life of mortgages for every county in the United States. 

Motive. — By personal inquiry in Alabama as to the objects in mortgaging real estate, the most prominent ones 
given are : Purchase money, to buy more land, business, improvements, farm expenses, family expenses, family 
supplies, farm supplies, to repay borrowed money, and litigation and lawyers' fees. In Iowa : Purchase money, 
improvements, to buy more land, business, farm stock, security debts, speculation, litigation, living expenses, and 
undescribed debts. The counties thus selected and known in the Census Office as " inquiry " counties were 
Jefferson and Greene counties, Alabama, and Cass, Crawford, Delaware, and Johnson counties, Iowa. In Jefferson 
countj', Alabama, it was found by actual inquiry made by special agents of the census that the motive for 95.84 per 
cent of the indebtedness was the purchase of the incumbered and other real estate, improvements, and business ; in 
Greene count}'', Alabama, for these purposes, 68.31 per cent; in Cass countj'', Iowa, 91.13 per cent; in Crawford 
county, Iowa, 90.33 per cent ; in Delaware county, Iowa, 88.80 per cent, and in Johnson county, Iowa, 93.47 per cent. 

Percektage of error. — In the extract given above from the report of the chairman of the committee on 
statistics of the American Economic Association he gave it as his opinion that the result of this inquiry " will not 
vary more than 5 or 10 per cent from actual truth." I believe the variation will not reach 5 per cent, and it certainly 
will not exceed 10 per cent. 

In computing the amount of existing indebtedness in the two selected or " inquiry " counties in Alabama, the total 
actual debt on January 1, 1890, was $14,952,020, the total computed debt, $15,399,230, and the percentage of error 
in excess was 2.99. In the four selected counties of Iowa the total actual debt at the same date was $8,453,117, the 
total computed debt, $8,473,105, and the percentage of error in excess of debt was 0.24. This indicates that the plan 
adopted will yield both valuable and accurate statistical results ; and this supposition is fortified when it is borne 
in mind that able statisticians admit that even if the error should vary from 15 to 20 per cent the results w^ould 
still be of incalculable value. 

Very respectfully, 

ROBERT P. PORTER, 

Superintendent of Census. 

The Secretary of the Interior. 



STATISTICS OF FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 



BY GEOEGE K. HOLMES AND JOHN S. LOED. 



SCOPE OF THE INVESTIGATION. 

The results presented in this bulletin are the first that have been derived from the real estate mortgage 
investigation made under the authority of the census act approved March 1, 1889, directing the Superintendent 
of Census to " collect the statistics of and relating to the recorded indebtedness of private corporations and 
individuals." The selected tables are for the states of Alabama and Iowa. Because of the limitations of space 
and of the necessary delay required in making further classifications and computations, at a time, too, when there 
is some impatience to get the fii-st fruits of the investigation, only a condensed statement of some of the facts 
obtained is attempted. 

Except in several counties in which special investigations were conducted, to be mentioned more especially 
further on, the public real estate records have supplied the facts. While one of the objects has been to establish 
the amount of indebtedness in force January 1, 1890, other objects of perhaps equal importance have been 
entertained, with the purpose of showing the number and amount of mortgages made during each of the ten years 
1880-'89, the rates of interest borne by them, and the distribution of these mortgages between village and city 
real estate on the one hand and real estate outside of villages and cities on the other. If no attempt further than 
this had been made, still the results would throw much light upon the mortgage question. 

How far to go in this investigation has been a perplexing matter. Although obstacles were foreseen in a 
himdred directions, it was impossible to anticipate all of them ; they have, however, been surmounted with 
approximate and substantial success. The investigation has necessarily been confined to real estate mortgages and 
other real estate securities that are substitutes for them: first," because the cost of including other evidences of 
private recorded indebtedness would create an expense too great to be borne by the appropriation for the entire 
census ; secondly, because it would be impossible by the only available method to determine the amount of 
indebtedness in force secured by these other evidences of indebtedness near enough to the truth to warrant the 
attempt. 

For these reasons crop liens, mechanics" liens, judgments by process of law, and chattel mortgages have been 
excluded. In the case of chattel mortgages, duplication of the record of the same instrument in more than one 
town or county prevails to a great extent, and this is an additional reason for not taking account of them. Eather 
thau undertake to include all recorded real and personal seciu-ities, without any prospect of bringing the investigation 
of any of them to completion, it has seemed wiser to rule out all but real estate mortgages and other real estate 
securities that are their substitutes, which, after all, embrace the chief, and in many states nearly the whole, body 
of private recorded indebtedness, and to present all the results in regard to them that it is withm the limited 
resources of tlie Census Office to obtain. 

The word " mortgage " will be used hereafter to include all securities embraced within this investigation. In 
many parts of the south a mortgage is rarely known by that name. One seciu-ity that takes its place is a deed of 
ti-ust, by which the borrower makes a conditional conveyance to a third person for the benefit of the lender, the deed 
to be void upon payment of the debt. In the south, and also in some parts of the west, a bond for a deed is employed. 
The borrower conveys his real estate to a lender by unconditional deed in fee simple and receives in return a bond, 
by which the lender binds himself to reconvey when the debt is satisfied, the borrower in the meantime remaining 
in possession. Another form of a bond for a deed, generally called a contract, made on the Pacific slope and in the 
west, and by railways and states that' sell land, permits the would-be purchaser to take possession, and provides 
that he shall have a deed in fee when all the payments have been made. 

The vendor's lien is also a favorite in the south, and is a condition in a deed of fee simple upon the sale of 
real estate partly or entirely upon credit, giving the seller a lien on the property to secure deferred payments of 
purchase money. In Virginia and Pennsylvania it is more or less the practice of a borrower to confess judgment 

3 



4 , FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 

against himself vipon the records of a court to secure his debt, and tlius phxce a lien iipon all his property, real and 
personal ; and in Pennsylvania, upon the settlement of an estate, an heir who takes the share of one or more of his 
coheh-s in real estate without full payment therefor gives to the court a recognizance, which secures the debt and is 
a lien upon the property. 

All these iustruments have been included in this investigation, and all but state and railroad contracts are 
included in the tables of this bulletin. In some regions where public land is for sale settlers have mortgaged their 
preliminary titles. These instruments have been rejected as not representing recorded indebtedness, because the 
settlers had not acquired a mortgageable title, and more especially because they substituted sound mortgages when 
a mortgageable title had subsequently been acquired. 

Two forms of bond for a deed have been excluded. Under one of them the purchaser takes possession, and 
after some of the payments have been made he receives a deed in fee simple and returns a mortgage. In this case, 
to avoid duplication, only the mortgage has been included. The other excluded bond for a deed is the one more 
generallj' known to the common law, and permits the would-be purchaser, who does not take possession, to demand 
a deed at a future date or to abandon the contract, often by sacrificing a penalty. In some of the mining regions 
of the far west this bond is commonly surrendered. All of these bonds for deeds have been excluded, because they 
do not represent indebtedness. 

A crop lien in the southern states, where it is generally found, is not a lien upon real estate m its usual form, 
but in some counties it is made so by exj)ress provision in the contract, and in such case the hen has been included 
in the mortgage indebtedness. 

The provision of the census act including private corporations in the investigation of recorded indebtedness 
has been another source of perplexity. Among these may be legally classed railroad, canal, telegraph, and 
telephone corporations, whose real estate often extends through many counties, and in a presentation of results 
by counties no satisfactory apportionment of the debt of these corporations can be made. Besides this there are 
public water, gas, electric lighting and power, and other corporations that receive a grant of the right of eminent 
domain, which, though legally private corporations, actually and necessarily exercise quasi-public functions, and these 
functions maj'' be constitutionally exercised to a great extent, if not fuUj^, by municipalities, which are legally public 
corporations. The indebtedness of these corporations, too, is something apart fi-om the life and iindertakings of the 
masses of the people, and would only obscure their - real estate mortgage indebtedness if it were merged with that 
indebtedness; and, besides, this subject is largely covered by the work of other divisions of the Census Office. For 
these reasons no account has been taken of the debts owed by these corporations. 

Coimty fair grounds, church buildings, and the land on which they stand, are devoted to uses of a public 
character, and the debt upon them is logically excluded ; but the debt upon parochial schools, upon the charitable 
institutions of church corporations, and upon parsonages has been taken, and also that upon the real estate of all 
eleemosynary corporations. It may be that the line has not been drawn distinctly in regard to all corporations, but 
the endeavor has been to make these statistics representative of the affairs of the masses of the peo^jle, and the only 
indebtedness upon corporate real estate that has been rejected is that upon the real estate of corporations which 
usually exercise the right of eminent domain and upon religious corporations within the narrow limits mentioned. 

Another perplexing matter has been the renewal of mortgages. A lender may call in his loan and force a 
borrower to obtain money elsewhere, or a mortgageor, to gain some benefit, may pay his debt with borrowed money, 
which, in turn, is secured by a mortgage. These transactions are constantly going on, and a considerable 
proportion of the indebtedness placed upon record consists of nothing more than renewals. There has been no way 
by which the taking of these renewals could be avoided except by a house-to-house canvass or an examination of 
records, which would largely exceed the limits of the appropriation. This, however, makes little difference with 
the result in the computation of indebtedness in force, to be subsequently explained, because these renewals have 
their effect in reducing the average life of mortgages. 

In most states the records are adverse to an economical doing of such a work as this. It is rare that printed 
forms are used, and generally all sorts of instruments are recorded promiscuously in the same books. The 
experience of a special agent, who searched 3,200 pages to find sixty mortgages, was by no means rare. To be 
certain that no mortgages were omitted, special agents were often compelled to read nearly the entire records to 
distinguish these instrviments from others nearly similar in form, and this had to be done in hundreds of counties 
where the handwriting was almost illegible. 

The number of special agents and detailed office clerks employed in the field was 716 for four to five months. 
They were mostly .lawj^ers, law students, and real estate agents, the remainder being merchants, editors, reporters, 
physicians, clergymen, clerks, teachers, and farmers, and four women. About 1,800 clerks were employed by these 
special agents. 



THE RATE OF INTEREST— ESTABLISHING THE DEBT IN FORCE. 5 

THE RATE OF INTEREST. 

The fact most difficult to obtain has been the rate of interest. Throughout the south, west beyond the 
Mississippi river, and to some extent elsewhere, the records commonly do not disclose the actual rates of interest 
borne by real estate mortgages, and soon after the field work began it was necessary to instruct special agents to 
return actual rates, if these were ascertainable, or, if not, to return customary rates. Everywhere mortgages are 
found that refer to promissory notes or other instruments for mention of rates. Chiefly in the south and west the 
contract often states that the debt is without interest or mentions a lower rate than the true one, the fact being that 
the debtor has not received the full equivalent of the apparent principal. These are called "stuffed" mortgages, 
and, as it is difficult to identify these mortgages if they mention some rate in the contract, it is probable that many 
of them have been taken to the full amount of the inflated principal. In all cases where they were identified 
the principal was reduced to the true amount and the rate of interest increased correspondingly. 

In some counties in the south farmers give mortgages to merchants to secure future advances of supplies, and 
although these mortgages state that they are free of interest or bear a low rate, yet as a matter of fact at least the 
orchnary rate of mterest is charged in the x^rices of the goods sold. The customary rate has been adopted in such cases. 

The interest mortgage is common between the Mississippi river and the Eocky mountains north of Arkansas and 
the Indian territory. It generally represents an addition to the anntial rate of from 2 to 4 per cent. For instance : 
When a loan of $1,000 for five years is made, a first mortgage is given for $1,000 at 7 per cent, and a second 
mortgage for $150 without interest, representing 3 per cent of the principal yearly, and going to the negotiator of the 
loan, if not to the lender. Special agents were instructed not to return these second mortgages as principal, but to 
convert them into additions to the apparent rates of interest borne by the first mortgages. The aim has been to get 
facts in all cases where the mortgages misrepresented or concealed them. 

The difficulty of getting actual rates of interest can not be expressed within the limits of a bulletin. Special 
agents were everywhere cautioned against accepting legal rates where contracts did not correctly state the percentage 
really paid, yet it may be that in some counties they were misled into accepting legal rates when in fact the cost 
of the money to the borrower may have been materially more. 

In every case of reasonable doubt as to whether a mortgage or a class of mortgages should be ruled out it has 
been the policy and uniform practice to take them, and it should be understood that these statistics embrace all real 
estate securities that have not been specifically excluded as herein mentioned. 

ESTABLISHING THE DEBT IN FORCE. 

It has been suggested by various newspapers that the amount of the uncanceled mortgages should be accepted 
as the amount of debt in force. This would be a gi'oss exaggeration, as was foreseen by tlie Sui^erintendent of 
Census — so gross that the statistics would be imworthy of confidence. For some of the coitnties, where special 
investigations have been conducted for the purpose of ascertaining the actual amount of debt in foi-ce, the results 
have been tabulated, and the percentage of the error of taking the face of the uncanceled mortgages is known. 
Inquiries were made in 102 counties for the purpose of learning liow much remains unpaid upon everj^ uncanceled 
mortgage recorded as far back in time as an appreciable amount of debt is found to exist — generally twenty years — 
and if in the counties that have been tabulated the face of the records for the same period of time had been 
acce]3ted as representing the amount of living debt, the apparent debt would be greater than the living debt to the 
extent shown by the percentages of error given in the table on the following page. 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 



TABLE SHOWING ERROR OF A(X;EPTING THE AMOUNT OP UNCANCELED MORTGAGES AS AMOUNT OF EXISTING DEBT. 



STATES AND COUNTIES. 



Alabama : 

Greene 

.Jefferson 



Arkansas : 

Lee 

Pulaski 

Saint Francis... 



Colorado : 
El Paso 



Geokgia : 

Bartow 

Houston 

Twiggs 



Illinois : 

Bureau 

Jasper 

Morgan 



Indian.4 

Crawford 

Hendricks.... 



Crawford.. 
Delaware.. 
Johnson.... 



Kansas : 

Deeatur 

Jefferson 

Lincoln 

Pawnee 



Kentucky : 

Anderson 

Clark 

McCracken 



Louisiana : 

Caddo 

Kast Baton Rouge.. 

Maryland : 
Washington 



Michigan : 

Ionia 

Hillsdale 

Marquette 



1873-1889 
1870-1889 

1870-1889 
1870-1889 
1871-1889 



1873-1889 
1873-1889 
1870-1889 



1870-1889 
1870-1889 
1870-1889 



1809-1889 
1870-1889 

1870-1889 
1870-1889 
1870-1889 
1870-1889 

1882-1889 
1880-1889 



1S70-1889 
1870-1889 
1875-1889 

1875-1889 
1875-1889 



1870-1889 
1870-1889 
1874-1889 



Original 
amount of 
uncanceled 
mortgages. 



$471,545 
20,005,674 



1,240,912 

4,953,911 

861,303 



859,403 
555,057 
334,567 



6,880,269 

924,021 

5,514,419 

228,011 
1,797,857 

3,601,614 
3,235,047 
2,387,027 
2,709,596 

1,005,171 
1,864,784 
1,840,612 
1,791,722 

861,025 
1,9.59,399 
l,.383,0O4 

2,031,492 
814,929 



3,782,421 
3,858,-598 
3,016,281 



Amount 

unpaid 

January 1, 

1890. 



8159,831 
14,792,189 

383,657 

2,282,226 

236,552 



220,365 
250,462 
115,209 



4,776,173 

498,121 

2,663,613 



116,953 
742,713 

2,403,243 
2,584,099 
1,636,109 
1,769,600 

938,538 
1,317,029 
1,560,199 
1,525,110 

136,262 
539,434 



940,863 
366,247 



2,745,296 
2,813,971 
1,743,544 



195.03 
35.65 

223.44 
117.00 
264.11 



121.61 
190.40 



44.05 
85.50 
107.03 



94.96 
142.07 

46.21 
25.19 
45.90 
56.50 

7.10 
41.59 
17.97 
17.48 

531.89 
263.23 
178.91 

115.92 
122.51 



37.78 
37.12 
73.00 



Minnesota : 

Clay 

Stearns 



Mississippi : 
Yazoo 



Missouri : 

Adair 

Bollinger 

Mercer 



Montana : 

Custer 

Lewis and Clarke 

Nebraska : 

Brown 

Hayes 

Kimball 

Thayer 

Washington 

North Carolina : 

Forsyth 

Halifax 



North Dakota : 

Burleigh 

Ramsey 

Ohio: 

Madison 

Union 



South Carolina : 

Anderson 

Colleton 

Laurens 



Tennessee : 

McNairy 

Maury 

Texas : 

Bell 

Harrison 

Tarrant 



Virginia : 
Louisa 



West Virginia : 
Kanawha 



Wisconsin : 
Douglas 



1876-1889 
1857-1889 



1871-1889 
1870-1889 
1870-1889 

1878-1889 
1869-1889 

1882-1889 
. 1882-1889 



1879-1889 
1879-1889 



1870-1889 
1870-1889 

1870-1889 
1870-1889 
1870-1889 

1875-1889 
1873-1889 

1870-1889 
1870-1889 
1870-1889 

1870-1889 

1870-1889 

1800-1889 



Original 
amount of 
uncanceled 
mortgages. 



SI, 462, 971 
2,485,070 



1,223,883 

233,074 

1,011,912 

431,365 
2,554,125 

522,595 

564,041 

46,287 

1,403,573 

1,791,910 

914,033 
1,507,734 

1,012,442 
1,018,925 

3,249,584 
2,909,087 

1,765,201 
1,555,234 
1,210,494, 

261,797 
4,063,152 

3,471,264 

833,123 

6,145,428 



Amount 

unpaid 

January 1, 

1890. 



81,029,761 
1,752,775 

849,544 

762,319 
116,011 
720,640 

194,908 
1,733,703' 

435,732 

546,729 

32,083 

1,233,105 

1,131,550 

498,426 
576,238 

510,981 
894,972 

1,864,722 
1,330,777 

633,728 
517,324 
435,944 

47,395 
738,328 

1,240,655 

217,980 

3,408,552 

2!l0,238 



42.07 
41.78 



60.55 
101.42 
44.58 

121.32 
46.89 

19.93 
3.17 
44.27 
13.82 



98.14 
13.85 

74.27 
123.11 

178.54 
200.63 
177.67 

452.37 
450.32 

177.78 
282.20 
77.18 

74.35 

175.19 

49.61 



The average percentage of error shown iu the above table is 71.30. 

The original amount of uncanceled mortgages in these counties includes all of those mortgages that are 
uncanceled of record, and among these are mortgages that are fully satisfied. The amount unpaid January 1, 1890, 
is what remains after deducting these fully-paid mortgages and all partial payments upon mortgages in force. The 
percentages of error are increased by the deduction of partial payments, but the error due to partial payments is 
much less than that which is due to the fullj'-paid mortgages uncanceled of record. 

This table shows the faulty condition of the real estate records of the country in respect to cancellations, the 
fact being that real estate titles are clouded by a dead indebtedness amounting to nearly three-quarters of the living 
indebtedness. The greatest indiiference to recorded cancellations is in the south, where the face of the records 
increase the existing debt as high as four and a half times. 

A separate house-to-house canvass was forbidden by its enormous cost, since every person must be called 
upon and interrogated, or the records mu.st first be searched and inquiries afterward made regarding every 
uncanceled mortgage. The plan of making inquiries in regard to all uncanceled mortgages was tried experimentally 
before the investigation began in earnest and in 102 counties during the investigation, and it was sufficiently well 



Diagram No.l. JEFFERSON COTTNTY,Ala. 




^^j$^92^313_ -/^ 




a SI Oy /^ 

"a 3 5 ^/^ 


/^ 




^^S- 






Living debt 
$11,891,0^15 


^./ll — ^ ■pms^^;;iii^^^$^92M3'^ 


PsLrUad paym en ts $ 589, 3*9 



I)iaerainNo.2.CR.V^VFORD COUN'n\ Iowa 







^Q $9Z169_ 






^■f:-: $109,582 ^ 












*t)3§ '^Z . ^----^ 






2Sg ^ '^'^.^^^ 










.^"-"^ 






^^^^ "^ 






^^^ Sa.'^-. 








Living debt 
$ 1,87^,517 


„^-^°= 


5?5S 

_l2= 




'FSOal^ments^ 97.169 


Partial payments 4 HI, 't39 



Diasram No. 3. JOHNSON COUNTY, Iowa 



Partial petyments $ 182. 250 



c^l ^ 182,250 




THE PLAN ADOPTED. 7 

established that the cost of doing the work in this way in all the counties of the Union would be several millions 
of dollars — probably $6,000,000, and possibly more. 

In undertaking to discover the amount of recorded real estate indebtedness in force at a given date by an 
indu-ect process the Census Office adopted the only available method that promised results near enough to the 
truth to be worth obtaining. To incorporate questions for this purpose in the population schedule of the decennial 
enumeration was contrary to the advice of statisticians of large experience expressed upon other occasions, and 
would have endangered the success of the enumeration in this census. This was fully set forth in a letter from the 
Superintendent of Census to the Hon. James H. Berry, United States Senator, dated December 3, 1889, and in a 
letter of December 28, 1889, to the Hon. D. B. Henderson, member of the House of Representatives, in regard to the 
statistics of farm and home ownership and indebtedness, both of which letters have been published. 

THE PLAN ADOPTED. 

Preliminary experiments by special agents of the Census Office pointed to the use of the average life of mortgages, 
with an allowance for partial payments, as promising results much nearer the truth than the errors exhibited in the 
preceding table — near enough, at any rate, to be fairly conclusive as to the amount of existing indebtedness, and 
preferable to a complete abandonment of the investigation, which was the alternative. This plan is approximately 
correct, and under perfectly uniform conditions would produce accurate results. An objection that can be raised 
against it is that mortgages are not uniform in amount and duration. These variations, however, when large 
amounts of debt are considered, are not as great as may be supposed, and under careful observation and corrective 
treatment lose much of their influence for error. 

If a mortgage for $500 endures for live years and one for §1,000 endures for two years, and no partial payments 
are made, the average life of this indebtedness is three years, as shown by the following computation : 

$500 X 5 years = 2,500 
$1,000 X 2 years = 2,000 



$1,500 )4,500 

3 years. 

The application of this principle to the determination of existing indebtedness may be illustrated under simple 
conditions. Suppose that a mortgage for $100 is made January 1 each year and endures for three years without 
partial payments ; these mortgages may be represented by lines, thus : 



The debt in force at any given date would then be the sum of the mortgages or lines under that date, or in all cases 
$300 ; that is to say, the debt would be equal to the sum of the mortgages created during the average life of 
mortgages, or three years before that date. 

The subject becomes more complicated when account is taken of the mortgages created every day and enduring 
for all periods of time, from a few days to many years. If the average life of all mortgages under such circumstances 
is four years, and the total amount of the mortgages recorded within the last four years is taken as equivalent to the 
amount of indebtedness existing at the present time, it is evident that many paid mortgages created within the four 
years are included in the amount, and that many unpaid mortgages, created more than four years ago, are not 
included. In such case it is true, if the life of mortgages is correctly represented, that the mortgages of the life period 
of four years .now paid are exactly equal to the mortgages made previously to the life period and now unpaid, so 
that the total recorded debt of the life period stands for the amount of debt in force. 

This is illustrated by the colored diagrams, and the fact is ax^parent to the eye in Diagram No. 1 . The whole 
diagram represents a debt period of twenty years for Jefferson county, Alabama, where the actual indebtedness 
existing January 1, 1890, was ascertained by special investigation. The vertical dividing line is arbitrarily placed 
in the middle, separating the whole debt period into two equal parts, the life period of mortgages being on the right 
and the ante-life period on the left. 

The life period covers the time during which mortgages live on the average, the latter end of this pei-iod being 
December 31, 1889, and in the case of this county it begins April 1, 1887, since the average life of mortgages is 2.75 



8 J^ARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 

years. The ante-life period includes all previous time, and in the case of this county extends back of April 1, 
1887, to and including January 1, 1870. 

The statistics for Jefferson county disclose that the mortgages in force made prior to the life period, that is, 
prior to April 1, 1887, amount to $3,393,457, on which partial payments to the amount of $492,313 have been made, 
leaving a total net existing debt of $2,901,144 for this period. During the life period, namelj', between April 1, 
1887, and December 31, 1889, inclusive, or 2.75 years, the total amount of mortgages made and still in force is 
$12,480,394, on which partial payments to the amount of $589,349 have been made, leaving a total net existing debt 
of $11,891,045 for this period. The total net debt in force remaining of the debt incurred during the period prior 
to April 1, 1887, and that between April 1, 1887, and December 31, 1889, must therefore be the sum of the two 
amounts, $2,901,144 and $11,891,045, or $14,792,189; that is, this latter sum represents the total net existing 
indebtedness of Jefferson county December 31, 1889. 

The matter may be explained more in detail as follows : The ante-life period on the left of the diagram 
contains a living debt of $2,901,144, represented by the pink section, and contains the partial pajrments that haA^e 
been made on the mortgages in force executed during this period, these partial payments amounting to $492,313, and 
being represented by the j^ellow section below the pink section. 

The life period on the right contains an amount of recorded debt equal to the total amount in force plus the 
partial payments that have been made on all the living mortgages, or those in force, of both life and ante-life 
periods. This amount of recorded debt in the life period includes a net living debt of $11,891,045 incurred during 
this period, represented by the blue section. It includes fullj^ paid mortgages amounting to $2,901,144, represented 
by the pink section, which is the equivalent of the living debt of the same amount incurred in the ante-life period, 
shown on the left also bj^ a pink section. The life period likewise includes fully paid mortgages amounting to $492,313, 
represented by the green section, which is the equivalent of the partial payments on the mortgages in force made 
during the ante-life period, represented by the yellow section on the left ; and the life period, lastly, includes the 
partial payments, amounting to $589,349, on the living mortgages made during this period, these partial payments 
being represented hy the yellow section below the blue section. Thus the life period contains an amount of incurred 
debt equal to the debt in force, or $14,792,189, included in the blue and pink sections, plus an amount equal to the 
entire partial payments, which are $1,081,662, and are included in the green and j^ellow sections of the life period. 

Diagram No. 2 represents Crawford county, Iowa. The equalitj' of the pink and yellow sections in the ante-life 
period with the corresponding pink and green sections within the life period is apparent to the eye, and is as actual 
as in Diagram No. 1. Diagram No. 3 represents Johnson countj^, Iowa, with the various sections of debt illustrating 
the principle, but with quantities and proportions different from those found in Jefferson and Crawford counties. 

The true life of real estate mortgage indebtedness in these three counties is known, because the amount of 
all of the mortgages in force was first fully discovered by personal inquiry as to the facts in the case of every 
mortgage standing uncanceled of record, and therefore the results are accurate to a nicety ; but the accuracy can 
only be approximate when it is required to reverse the process and find the average life of debt and the amount 
of partial payments, and then establish the amount of existing debt. There is no way of doing this that does 
not take account of the life of canceled mortgages. For instance, if all the mortgages recorded in 1870 were 
canceled and their life were to be taken, it might be the life not only of the real estate mortgage debt of that year . 
but of years similarly conditioned, in this case of 1869 and 1871, but not of the mortgages of 1885, becaiise 
materially different conditions have sm-rounded mortgages made since 1877, when the financial depression of 
1873-'78 was di-awing to a close. The period during which the existing indebtedness was created was almost 
entirely within the ten years 1880-'89, and probably the conditions of no previous period in the history of 
the country caused a life of indebtedness sufficiently near to the life of the indebtedness of 1880-'89 to warrant 
its application to the debt created within this period, with which we are mainly concerned. An acceptable average 
life of debt should thus be sought among the mortgages recorded since 1879. 

But all of these mortgages are not canceled of record nor even paid in full. There are many mortgages paid 
only in part, and many others wholly unpaid. These mortgages, as well as the canceled mortgages, have their place 
in the life of debt ; they have certamly lived up to the present time, and will live more or less into the future ; j^et 
the proportion of these unpaid mortgages created within later j^ears is too large to permit the life of debt to be 
drawn fii-om the mortgages recorded, for instance, in 1888, or in any year, certainly, since 1885. In order, therefore, 
that the life of debt may be drawn fi-om as large a proportion of canceled mortgages as possible, the mortgages 
recorded immediately subsequent to 1879 have been taken and those of the four years 1880-'83 have been selected. 
More than one year is selected, for the purpose of equalizing the variations that are found in the dm-ation of the 
indebtedness incurred yearly. These variations are hardly noticeable in counties where a large amount of indebtedness 
is incurred yearly, but are important in counties haA^ing small amounts. 

The fully-paid but uncanceled mortgages of these four years must necessarily stand as uncanceled, and are 
classed with unpaid mortgages in the computation. They thus contribute a larger amount of time to the life of 



DEDUCTION OF PAETIAL PAYMENTS— ILLUSTRATIVE COMPUTATION. 9 

debt than they shoiikl. This is largely if uot entirely neutralized by the failure to take account of the time during 
which unpaid mortgages will live rti the future. These errors are of a contrary character, and tend to destroy each 
other. 

These explanations being made, the computation of the average life of mortgage debt may thus be illustrated 
with supposed facts : 

Canceled mortgages of 1880-'83 §500 X average life of 3.25 ycare = 1,625 

Uncanceled mortgages of 1880-'83... §145 X average life to January 1, 1890, or 8 years = 1,160 



§645 )2,785 

Average life of debt, with no allowance for partial payments 4.32 years. 

In counties where the proportion of fullj'-paid but uncanceled mortgages is considerable, an average life so 
computed is generally too great, and will consequently produce too great an amount for the existing indebtedness. 
Many experimental trials have demonstrated this. Some reduction of this error has been made by an application of 
the results obtained in the counties where special investigations have been made for the purpose of ascertaining to 
a certainty the amount of debt in force. The counties whose results have been used for this purpose are near 
those whose results have been corrected,, and are much like them in general conditions of industry and other 
circumstances. 

DEDUCTION" OF PARTIAL PAYMENTS. 

The computation of the average life of mortgages gives to all paid portions of such mortgages, whether 
canceled or uncanceled, a longer life than they really had, and consequently makes the apparent life of all mortgage 
debt too long to this extent, and hence the amount of debt recorded within the life period ending January 1, 1890, 
is larger than the existing debt. As illustrated by the colored diagrams, a deduction of the partial payments cures 
this error. 

With the object of arriving at the percentage that should be deducted for partial paj'ments, steps were taken to 
obtain from lenders upon a large number of mortgages statistics showing the proportion of partial payments made 
upon their loans. The partial payments that had been made upon many thousands of mortgages were ascertained 
from savings banks, insurance companies, mortgage companies, trustees of estates, loan and trust companies, and 
holders of large numbers of mortgages, generally corporations. Experimental investigations, conducted by special 
agents of the Census OflBce, led to the conclusion that the loans of these corporations might be accepted for the 
purpose of showing what partial payments had been made upon all real estate loans, and there was no acceptable 
substitute for this course that promised trustworthy results. 

The leading object in this trial was to get economically and by application to a comparatively few lenders 
statistics of partial payments distributed throughout a large number of the counties of the Union, which could not be 
obtained from private lenders on account of expense and their refusal to impart the information. But it has been 
found that a much larger proportion of the indebtedness of a community is held by residents of that community than 
was expected, and that this large jiroportion of indebtedness is held within the community itself is evidenced by 
the lower percentages of partial payments obtained from the statistics of lending institutions than the percentages 
derived from inquiries in the special counties. The investigations in the 102 counties, in which loans made by 
all classes of lenders are taken account of, are establishing results so much at variance with those obtained ft-om 
statistics contributed by corporations that the latter must probably be rejected and reliance placed upon the former. 
As far as comparisons have been made, the percentages of partial paj^ments on mortgages made upon all loans in 
these special counties are much larger than those made upon the loans of corporations. If the disagreement 
between the results obtained in these two ways is everywhere as radical as it has thus far been found to be, an 
important indication of the distribution of wealth beyond the degree generally supposed will be seen. 

The statistics of partial payments obtained from lending corporations are valuable, and will be tabulated for 
publication. Had it not been for the remarkable success of the investigations in the 102 counties, which had not 
been looked for by statisticians of large experience, these statistics must have been the sole reliance of the Census 
Office in discovering the proportion of partial .payments made upon existing loans. They were obtained at small 
expense, and would have been made much more complete if it had not been necessary to practice every economy in 
conducting this investigation. 

ILLUSTRATIVE COMPUTATION. 

Although the foregoing explanation of the process adopted for establishing the amount of existing indebtedness 
is necessarily long, yet the process itself is short and simple. For example, suj^pose that the average life of debt 
is 4.19 years, and that the recorded real estate mortgage debt amounts to $100 in 1885, $125 in 1886, $120 in 1887, 
3 



10 FABMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 

S240 iu 1SS8, aad $175 in 1889, the amount of debt in force January 1, 1890, will be the sum of the recorded debt 
of the last fom- years and 19 per cent of that of 1885, or 8679, minus the percentage of the partial payments upon 
living mortgages made during the whole debt period of twenty years, this percentage of partial payments being taken 
from near counties among the 102, where the amount of partial payments was ascertained by special investigation. 

The use of this process will show the greatest deviation from the true indebtedness in counties where the 
recorded indebtedness is small and highly variable in amount from year to year, and, to reduce this deviation, 
several such counties, similar in character and neighboring to each other, are combined in computing the average 
life of mortgages. 

THE FACTS OBTAINED. 

The census day, or present time, under this investigation is January 1, 1890. For every real estate mortgage 
acknowledged within the ten years ending December 31, 1889, and recorded, except mortgages made by corporations 
that have been ruled out, the following facts were taken by special agents : The state and county in which 
the mortoaged real estate is situated ; the year in which the acknowledgment was made ; coi'porations, both as 
morto-ageors and as mortgagees, classified as savings banks, banks (including loan and trust companies, but not 
including savings banks), building and loan associations, insurance companies, mortgage corporations, and aU other; 
the orio-inal amount of the debt ; the actual rate of interest, or, if not ascertainable from the records, the customary 
rate at the time ; the nimiber of incumbered acres and village or city lots ; and also for the canceled mortgages of 
1880-'83 the full dates of acknowledgment and cancellation. Foreclosures were taken as cancellations, but court 
records were not usually searched for them — an omission of little consequence, on account of the nearness of the 
averao-e life of foreclosed mortgages to the average life of the uncanceled mortgages of 1880-'83 from their date to 
January 1, 1890. 

In the 102 counties where special investigations were made the same facts were taken, and for all uncanceled 
mortgages as far back iu time as any appreciable number of them were found in force the names of the parties and 
of the towns where they lived at the time the mortgages were made were taken. In making these abstracts of 
uncanceled mortgages the period generally covered was twenty years previous to 1890. In some cases it was not 
necessary to go so far back, in others a longer time was covered experimentally. Application was then made by 
mail to all mortgageors named in the uncanceled mortgages to report the amount of debt unpaid, if any, not 
including interest, and the object for which the indebtedness was incurred. If answers were not returned, 
application was made by mail to mortgagees, and finally it was necessary to resort to personal canvass. The 
number of persons who refused to answer these questions upon request in person by special agents was nowhere 
1 per cent, and generally was not one in a thousand. 

The word "lot" is applied to real estate chiefly situated in cities and villages, and in their neighborhood if 
withdrawn from agriciilture and subdivided or intended for urban uses. The area of a lot is not uniform, of course, 
but the principal significance of the term is that it describes a subdivision of land upon which a man's home is or 
may be located, or which may be used for business, manufactiu-ing, or other purposes apart from agriculture. 

The word " acres " covers all other real estate, chiefly agricultural, but including pastures, woodland, mining 
land, and suburban tracts not subdivided into lots. It sometimes occurs that mines, mining plants, or stone 
quarries are embraced in mortgages covering acres, and that for this reason very much larger sums of monej^ are 
borrowed on such real estate than the surface of the land is worth. Cases of this kind tend to increase slightly the 
average incumbrance per acre in counties where they are found. 

In the case of a mortgage covering real estate in two or more counties the area and the debt have necessarily 
been apportioned among the coimties. In this way one mortgage has been counted as many times as there are 
counties containing the incumbered real estate. A mortgage for $1,000, for instance, covering real estate in one 
county worth $1,200 and in another county worth $800, has been tabulated as one mortgage in each coimty, one, for 
$600 and the other for $400. 

THE RESULTS IN AIiABAlIA AND IOWA— RECORDED INDEBTEDNESS. 

The tables herewith presented are subject to final correction, which is not likely to change materially any 
result. , 

Table 1, for Alabama and Iowa, exhibits the number and amount of recorded real estate mortgages 
acknowledged during the ten years 1880-'89, and discloses the extent to which real estate owners have incurred 
debt and obtained property upon these securities. The industrial development of Alabama is coincident with the 
great and sudden growth of mortgage indebtedness in that state. The beginning of this development is especially 
apparent in 1886, when the recorded debt was $10,290,743, an increase of 79.35 per cent over 1885. The amount 
charged against 1887 was $22,400,371, an increase of 117.67 per cent over the preceding year. In the following year 
the amount fell to $13,851,848, and in 1889 to $13,419,149. Before the great increase of indebtedness in 1886 the 
indebtedness incurred yearly was $2,610,504 in 1880, $4,210,198 m 1881, $6,431,650 iu 1882, $5,628,155 in 1883, 



THE RESULTS IN ALABAMA AND IOWA. 11 

$6,519,339 in 1884, and $5,737,666 in 1885. The indebtedness placed upon record during the ten years was 
$91,099,623, but all of this is not existing indebtedness. 

Of the recorded debt of the state for ten years 48.10 per cent is found in the counties to which the growth of 
ti-ade and manufactures is chieflj^ confined, namely, Calhoun, Colbert, DeKalb, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Madison, 
Morgan, Shelby, Tuscaloosa, and Walker. These counties contain 20.94 per cent of the population. 

The amount of indebtedness recorded against acres in Alabama in ten years was $64,299,154, or 70.58 per cent 
of the total for acres and lots. It increased from $2,018,822 in 1880 to $15,922,921 in 1887, from which year the 
amount decreased to $7,470,088 in 1889. 

There was a general increase of indebtedness recorded against lots, fi-om $591,682 in 1880 to $5,949,061 in 1889, 
which is the largest yearly amount, except $6,477,450 in 1887. The total for lots for ten years was $26,800,469, or 
29.42 per cent of the total recorded mortgage indebtedness. 

In Iowa the amomit of mortgage indebtedness placed upon record during the ten years was $431,288,542, apart 
of which has been paid. The increase from $28,905,447 in 1880 to $35,659,051 in 1881 was 23.36 per cent. In 1882 
the amount recorded was $44,721,618, a gain of 25.41 per cent over 1881. The amount varied from $42,716,331 to 
$46,851,309 during the six years 1883-'88, and in 1889 the amount was $50,902,370. 

About one-quarter of the recorded debt of Iowa for ten years, 24.56 per cent, is found in the counties of Clinton, 
Des Moines, Dubuque, Linn, Marshall, Polk, Pottawattamie, Scott, and Woodbury, containing, respectively, tlie cities 
of Clinton, Burlington, Dubuque, Cedar Rapids, Marshalltown, Des Moines, Council Bluffs, Davenport, and Sioux 
City. These counties contain 21.40 per cent of the population of the state. 

In Iowa an indebtedness of $324,484,031, or 75.24 per cent of the whole amount, was recorded against acres in 
the ten years, tlie annual amount being about stationary from 1882 to 1889, during which time it ranged from 
$31,955,121 to $36,689,121. The amount in 1880 was $22,476,796 ; in 1889, $.34,763,374. 

The indebtedness placed on lots in Iowa during the ten-year period was $106,804,511, or 24.76 per cent of the 
total recorded mortgage indebtedness. The increase was almost unbroken from year to year from $6,428,651 in 1880 
to $16,138,996 in 1889. 

The total number of mortgages made in Alabama during the ten-year period was 93,828, with a general increase 
from 4,666 in 1880 to 13,643 in 1889. These totals do not include mortgages that do not state the amount of 
indebtedness. Such mortgages are often made to secure an annuity or the support of the mortgagee for life, and 
in other cases are generally intended to secure an indefinite future indebtechiess, which may or may not become 
actual. With the exception of the incumbered acres and lots, they have no part in any average or percentage 
presented, nor in anj^ totals but those belonging exclusively to themselves. In the 102 counties, however, the 
amount of indebtedness was ascertained for all mortgages not stating amount of debt except the annuity and life- 
support mortgages. 

Of the total number of mortgages stating amount of debt recorded in Alabama during the ten years, 73,312, or 
78.13 per cent of the total against acres and lots, were made against acres, the increase from year to year being gradual, 
and on the whole general, from 3,972 in 1880 to 9,224 in 1889. 

The increase in the yearly number of mortgages stating amount of debt i-ecorded against lots in Alabama was 
more mai-ked, the number in 1880 being 694 ; in 1889, 4,419, wdth only one year, 1888, showing a decrease from any 
preceding year. The total niimber of mortgages on lots for the ten years was 20,516, or 21.87 per cent of the total 
on acres and lots. 

The mortgages stating debt made in Iowa during the period of ten years numbered 497,710. In 1880 the 
number was 38,928 ; in 1882, 54,030, since which time the annual number has remained about stationary, but has 
never equaled that of 1882. 

There was a total of 340,695 mortgages stating debt on acres in Iowa for the ten years, or 68.45 per cent of the 
total on acres and lots. In 1880 the number was 28,354, from which it rose to 38,689 in 1882 ; then the decline was 
on the whole general, to 33,866 in 1889. 

On lots the mortgages of ten years stating debt in Iowa numbered 157,015, or 31.55 per cent of the total number 
on acres and lots. The number increased from 10,574 in 1880 to 20,016 in 1889. 

The average mortgage in Alabama for the ten-year period was $970.92 ; the average for acres, $877.06 ; for lots, 
$1,306.32. In Iowa the average mortgage was $866.55 ; for acres, $952.42 ; for lots, $680.22. 

The number of acres in Alabama covered by mortgage during the ten years was 16,175,153, the increase being 
irregailar, from 819,947 acres in 1880 to 2,486,176 in 1887, fi'om which year the decline has been unbroken to 1,744,420 
acres in 1889. The acreage mortgaged included a large proportion of mineral lands, but no attempt was made to 
keep a separate account. 

In getting the number of mortgaged acres it has been necessary to estimate to some extent, as fully appears in 
the tables. Eveiy mortgage does not mention the number of acres it incumbers ; the tract may be described by 
courses and distances, or it may be bounded in the contract by a river and the land of various men, with no reference 



12 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 



to the number of acres. To these mortgages has been applied the average number of acres covered by mortgages 
stating the number of acres. 

The mortgages of the ten years incumbered 34,649 lots in Alabama, and the number increased irregularly from 
1,204 in 1880 to 7,598 in 1889. 

The number of acres mortgaged in Iowa during the ten years was 32,627,928. The annual number increased 
from 2,672,668 acres in 1880 to 3,759,211 in 1882, from which year the decline was imbroken to 2,986,697 in 1888. 
The number in 1889 was 3,240,432. 

In the same state the number of lots mortgaged annually increased from 18,016 in 1S80 to 46,377 in 1888, from 
which year the decline was to 37,317 in 1889. The total number of mortgaged lots for the ten years was 292,097. 

The average number of acres per mortgage in Alabama for the period of ten years was 220.14, and the average 
amount of incurred indebtedness per acre was $3.98. A mortgage covered 1.69 lots on the average, and the 
indebtedness placed on one lot averaged $774.58. 

In Iowa a mortgage covered on the average 95.72 acres, and the incurred indebtedness per acre was $9.95. The 
average indebtedness per lot was $365.85, and a mortgage incumbered 1.86 lots. 

EXISTING INDEBTEDNESS. 

The success with which the amount of existing indebtedness has been computed is jjresented in the accompanying 
table. Application of the process has been made to such of the 102 counties already mentioned as are available 
for the purpose, and the known amount of existing debt shows the error of the computed debt. 



TABLE SHOWING THE ERROR OF COMPUTING THE AMOUNT OF EXISTING INDEBTEDNESS. 





ACTUAL DEBT JANUARY 1, 1890. 


COMPUTED DEBT JANUABT 1, 1890. 


PERCENTAGE OF EEKOE OP EXCESS ( +) 
on DEFICIENCY- (~) OF COMPUTED DEBT. 




Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 


Alabama : 


$159,831 
14,792,189 

2,463,243 
2,584,099 
1,636,109 
1,769,666 


$155,796 
9,653,122 

2,137,170 
2,407,905 
1,472,298 
1,546,132 


$1,035 
5,139,007 

320,073 
116,194 
163,811 
223,534 


$160,912 
15,238,318 

2,284,001 
2,779,313 
1,693,925 
1,715,266 


8150,672 
10,082,439 

1,954,228 
2,668,934 
1,521,029 
1,495,445 


$4,240 
5,15.5,879 

a30,373 
110,379 
172,896 
219,821 


+0.68 
+3.02 

-7.25 
+7.55 
+3.53 
—3.07 


+0.56 
+4.45 

—8.56 
+8.15 
+3.31 
-3.28 


+5.08 




+0.33 


Iowa: 


+1.32 




—5.00 




+5.55 




—1.66 







The computed debt exhibited in this table is obtained in accordance with the plan already outlined, which 
differs in nowise from that employed in computing the amount of existing debt in the counties in Alabama and 
Iowa where sj)ecial investigations were not conducted for the purpose of arriving at the true amount of the debt 
in force. The selection of these six counties in Alabama and Iowa for the special investigation already described 
had for one of its objects the discovery of facts that could be used for j)roving or disproving the plan adopted by 
the Census Office for arriving at the amount of debt in force by computation. The results obtained in these two 
states prove the substantial accuracy of this plan. It is demonstrated by the positively known amount of debt in 
force in the special counties that the errors of computation in these states are small, the percentages of error in the 
special counties being less than 9, and in some cases less than 1. Such accurate results as these, however, can not be 
expected in counties whose recorded debt is small, and whose existing debt is no greater than a few hundred or a few 
thousand dollars. But while the percentages of error in such cases may be large, the number of dollars constituting 
the error is insignificant. 

The computation of the debt in force is presented in Table 2. In Alabama this amounts to $39,027,983, of 
which $28,762,387, or 73.70 per cent of the total, is on acres, and $10,265,596, or 26.30 per cent of the total, is on 
lots. The total is obtained by adding the existing debt on acres to the existing debt on lots, and is not obtained by 
computation. A large proportion of the debt on acres, as already stated, is due to investments in mining and iron 
and steel manufacture. In Calhoun county the debt is $1,492,162; Colbert county, $1,406,460 ; De Kalb county, 
$795,047 ; Jefferson county, $14,792,189 ; Lauderdale county, $898,182 ; Madison county, $731,144 ; Morgan county, 
$1,571,061; Shelby county, $1,035,992 ; Tuscaloosa county, $1,459,562; AValker county, $912,137. These are 
counties where industrial enterprise has recently appeared, and their total debt is $25,093,936, or 64.30 per'cent of 
the total debt of the state, while their population is 20.94 per cent of the total population of the state. The debt of 
Dallas county, containing the city of Selma, is $632,755 ; of Mobile county, containing the city of Mobile, $468,894, 
and of Montgomery county, containing the capital of the state, $1,307,625. 



EXISTING INDEBTEDNESS-INTEREST RATES. 13 

The pei" capita indebtedness of the state is $26. The amount is highly variable among the coiinties, and is 
relatively large in counties where recent investments of capital have been large. The per capita indebtedness of 
Jefferson county is $167 ; of Colbert coimty, $70, and of Morgan county, $6-5. These three counties have the highest 
ratios in the state. The average decreases down to $3 to one of population in Marion and Winston counties. 

The average life of mortgages in Alabama is short in comparison with the life of mortgages in the north. 
The reason for this seems to be that renewals are more frequent in the south. Generally, the life of a mortgage in 
Alabama is Jfi-om two and one-half to three and one-half years. The average life of a mortgage on acres is longer 
than the average life of a mortgage on lots by eighty-four one-hundredths of a year. Taking the average for the 
state, the life of a mortgage on acres is 2.977249 years ; on lots, 2.136208 years ; total, 2.734047 years. It has been 
impossible to obtain the life of mortgages in every county in Alabama and in most of the other states. In some 
counties no mortgages of 1880-'83 have been canceled of record ; in other counties the records were in such a 
confused condition that the expense of taking the cancellations would have been too great ; while in the counties 
that have been recently settled no mortgages covering real estate were made during 1880-'83. The life of mortgages 
in such counties has been supplied hy the life ascertained in neighboring counties. 

The proportion of partial payments, made on the face of the total amount of mortgages in force in Alabama on 
acres, is 10.68 per cent ; on lots, 10.83 per cent ; total, 10.72 per cent. The percentage of partial payments applied to 
the total amount of existing mortgages in each county is an average of the partial payments made upon the mortgages 
in force on acres and lots separately, the result being a true average percentage, derived from the nvimber of dollars 
constitutuig the partial payments, and not directly from averaging the percentages of partial payments found in 
counties where they were ascertained by special investigation. Without carrying the decimals to six places the 
percentages of pai-tial payments made upon the total debt on acres and lots will not in all cases precisely compute 
the number of dollars actually obtained by adding the partial payments separately made on acres and lots. The 
plus sign ( + ) is used after a percentage that is too large, and the minus sign (— ) after a percentage that is too small. 
The discrepancy due to the omission of these two places in the decimal is small. The existing debt for the state 
also can not be exactly computed by the average life given, because the number should liave a decimal of more than 
six jjlaces. 

The total existing real estate mortgage indebtedness of Iowa is $199,034,956, 74.77 per cent of which, or 
$148,814,645, is on acres, and 25.23 per cent, or $50,220,311, on lots. In Clinton county the debt is $4,777,849 ; Des 
Moines county, $2,365,709 ; Dubuque county, $3,871,834 ; Linn county, $4,618,140 ; Marshall county, $2,607,902 ; Polk 
county, $11,084,161 ; Pottawattamie county, $7,661,626 ; Scott county, $3,121,002 ; Woodbury county, $14,366,995. 
These are the principal counties hi the state, and their existing indebtedness is 27.37 per cent of the total indebtedness 
of the state, while their i^roportion of the state's population is 21.40. There is an average indebtedness of $104 to 
one of population in the state. In Woodbury county it is $258 ; in Lyon county, $267, and in Osceola county, $208, 
these ratios being the highest in the state, from which they descend to $36 for Dallas county, which is the lowest in 
the state. 

The average life of a mortgage on acres in Iowa is 5.068810 years ; on lots, 4.455800 years ; total, 4.933649 years. 
The general uniformity of the life of mortgages, whether on acres or on lots, or on all real estate, is noticeable 
throughout the counties of Iowa. Partial payments for the state represent 11.60 per cent of the face of the indebtedness 
on acres, 14.19 per cent on lots, a total of 12.27 per cent. 

The computations necessary to show the number of acres and lots incumbered by the existing debt have not yet 
been completed for these two states, and considerable work remains to be done before these results will be known. 

INTEREST RATES. 

Attention has already been directed to the efforts of the Census Office to get actual rates of interest. Special 
agents in Alabama and Iowa, as in other states, were placed on their guard against accepting any other rates, no 
matter what jnight appear on the face of the contract ; yet it may be that they have sometimes been deceived. 

In order to make a complete presentation of the interest statistics of these states much work still remains to be 
done on the material now in this office, but for present purposes the following facts have been established : 
The chief rate in Alabama is represented in Table 3 to have been 8 per cent, the recorded debt of the ten years 
having borne that rate being 63.60 per cent of the total. The amount bearing interest at 6 per cent was 17.15 per 
cent of the total ; the amount bearing interest at 7 per cent was 4.57 per cent of the total ; the amount beax'ing 
interest at 12 and 12.5 per cent was 6.25 per cent of the total. Of the total recorded debt of $91,099,623, 11.49 
per cent drew interest above 10 per cent and 88.51 per cent drew interest at 10 per cent or less. Above 8 per 
cent all interest is usurious, and has been so during ten years previous to January 1, 1890. Usurious rates are, or 
were, actually paid on 13.61 per cent of the recorded debt. 

Interest at 8 per cent is, or was, paid on 48.60 per cent of the debt of Iowa recorded during the ten years ; 
interest at 7 per cent on 21.91 per cent of the total ; interest at 10 per cent on 13.28 per cent of the total ; interest at 
6 per cent on 12.88 per cent of the total ; interest above 10 per cent on 0.02 of 1 per cent of the total, and interest 



14 FAEMS, HOMES, AND MOETGAGES. 

at 10 per cent and les8 on 99.98 per cent of the total. The legal limit to the rate of interest is 10 per cent, and has 

been so for ten years. 

CLASSIFIED AMOUNTS OF LOANS. 

As the mortgages are classified by amounts of loans in Table 4, the chief class of Alabama was that of $100 
and under $200, 21.07 per cent of the total number of mortgages for the ten years having been in this class ; 16.47 
per cent were in the class of under $100, and 15.35 per cent in the class of $500 and under $1,000. The mortgages 
under $] ,000 were 82.07 per cent of the total number ; under $5,000, 97.57 per cent of the total ; $10,000 and over, 
0.90 of 1 per cent of the total. Fifty mortgages were for $100,000 or over. 

The leading class of mortgages in Iowa was that of $500 and under $1,000, which contained 27.91 per cent of 
the total number of mortgages for the ten years. The mortgages under $1,000 were 70.87 per cent of the total 
number ; imder $5,000, 98.69 per cent of the total ; $10,000 and over, 0.26 of 1 per cent of the total. Seventeen 
mortgages were for $100,000 and over. 

SPECIAL INVESTIGATIONS. 

Jefferson and Greene counties, Alabama, and Cass, Crawford, Delaware, and Johnson counties, Iowa, were 
selected for special investigation, which was successful in all of them. An examination of the tables for these 
counties will show the variety of the information obtained and an analysis of mortgage indebtedness surpassing 
reasonable expectations. Prominent among the discoveries of these investigations are the following particulars : 
The amount of existing indebtedness with accuracy ; the amount and proportion of the partial payments made upon 
the original amount of this indebtedness ; the number of years during which it is necessary to proceed backward in 
order to find all, or nearly all, of the mortgages in force, generally about twenty years ; the number of acres and lots 
covered by the debt in force ; the extent to which the mortgages uncanceled of record are fully or partly paid, to 
this extent apparently and actually exaggerating the true indebtedness ; a verification of the plan of investigation 
by the Census Office in counties where these special inquiries were not made ; the disposition of the people to disclose 
information which is regarded as private in its character ; and, lastly, what is of vital importance to an understanding 
of the mortgage question, and, indeed, of indebtedness in general, the motives that impel people to incur indebtedness 
and obtain the ownership of the wealth of others' with obligation and security to repay. In these six counties the 
existing mortgage indebtedness was ascertained by application to mortgageors, mortgagees, and others who had the 
required information. 

JEFFERSON COUNTY, ALABAMA.. 

Jefferson county, Alabama, which contains the citj^ of Birmingham, has increased in population from 23,272 in 
1880 to 88,501 in 1890, or 280.29 per cent, and, it is believed, has grown in a greater ratio in trade and manufactures. 
Its rapid industrial development has taken place within the ten years, and during this time Birmingham has become 
one of the most thriving cities of the south, being classed in this respect with Chattanooga, Knoxville, JSTashville 
(Tennessee), and Atlanta (Georgia). 

Table 5 shows that the existing real estate mortgage debt of Jefferson county January 1, 1890, was $14,792,189, 
or $167 to one of population. This indebtedness was almost entirely incurred in the three years 1887-'89. The 
amount on acres is $9,653,122, or 65.26 per cent of the total, and on lots $5,139,067, or 34.74 per cent. Investments 
charged to acres chiefly represent coal and iron mining and iron and steel manufacturing, and investments 
charged to lots chiefly represent real estate purchase, trade, and building in Birmingham. Of the original amount 
of the existing debt the partial payments are 6.81 per cent. Of the original amount of the existing debt on acres 
the partial pajnnents are 4.85 per cent, and on lots 10.30 per cent, as shown in Table 6. 

The period covered by these statistics is the twenty years 1870-'89, which is sufficient in length to include all 
of the mortgages in force. The number of acres covered by existing debt is 245,580, or 37.72 per cent of the number 
of assessed acres, 651,034, rei^orted by the auditor of the state in 1889. The number of lots covered by existing debt 
is 4,394 (see Table 6). 

Twenty-nine hundred and twenty-seven mortgages are in force, of which 653 are against acres and 2,274 
against lots. The average amount of unpaid debt to each mortgage in force is $5,053.70 ; on acres, $14,782.73 ; on 
lots, $2,259.92. The average amount of living debt to each incumbered acre is $39.31 ; to each lot, $1,169.56. A 
mortgage on acres covers on an average 376.08 acres, and a mortgage on lots covers 1.93 lots. There is one existing 
mortgage to 30 of population. 

As exhibited in Table 7, the objects of indebtedness in Jefferson county include a large variety of human 
motive, though necessarily confined to pui-poses requiring the use of wealth, with ability to secure the return of its 
equivalent to the lender by a lien on real estate. The original amount of mortgages in force is more intimately 
related to the objects for which debt is incurred than is the amount unpaid ; hence the ratio of the amount of debt of 
each class to the total amount of debt is computed with the original amounts as they stand before partial payments 
have been deducted. 

To secure purchase money, otherwise known as deferred payments or the vendor's lien, is the leading object of 
mortgage debt in Jefferson county, the percentage of the debt incurred for this purpose being 63.79 of the total, as 



SPECIAL INVESTIGATIONS. 15 

appears in Table 8. Improvements come next, with 20.50 per cent. Two or more objects are often combined in 
tlie same transaction, and no attempt has been made to separate them and credit to each the debt for which it was 
incurred, the fear being at the beginning of the investigation in this and other counties that only partial success 
would be achieved, and that the magnitude and difficulty of the undertaking were, perhaps, already too great. 

Purchase and improvements in combination represent 4.37 per cent of the face of the debt in Jefferson county ; 
the purchase of land in addition to land already owned, 3.51 per cent; business purposes, 2.95 per cent. It is 
uudoubtedly true that some of the purchase money includes debt incurred for bushiess purposes, and possibly 
debt incurred for the purchase of more land. An element of business is also embraced in impi-ovements. Purchase 
of the incumbered and other real estate, improvements, and business, singly and combined with each other, include 
95.84 per cent of the total face of the debt in this county. This does not include these objects when combined 
with other objects. A considerable amount of the debt was incurred in the purchase of personal property, which 
is often unidentified or so complicated with other objects that it can not be separated. The mortgages are also 
classified by object and amount, and the analysis may be examined in Table 8, in which it is made. 

GREENE COUNTY, ALABAMA. 

Greene county, Alabama, is the opposite of Jefferson county. It has little wealth, is without enterprise, and 
agriculture is almost the sole occupation of the people. In 1880, 82.83 per cent of the population were black. The 
total population in 1890 was 22,007, an increase of 76 persons in ten years. The existing debt is $159,831, or $7 to 
one of population. The debt on acres is $155,796 ; on lots, $4,035. The number of incumbered acres is 76,105, or 
18.86 per cent of the number of assessed acres, 403,462, reported by the auditor of the state in 1889. The number of 
mortgaged lots is 10. The number of mortgages m force on acres is 176; on lots, 9 ; total, 185. The average 
mortgage is $863.95 ; on acres, $885.20 ; on lots, $448.33. The average incumbrance to an acre is $2.05 ; to a lot, 
$403.50. There are 432.41 incumbered acres to a mortgage on acres, and 1.11 incumbered lots to a mortgage on 
lots. The partial payments are 17.15 per cent of the face of the debt; 17.26 per cent of the face of the debt on 
acres; 12.70 per cent of the face of the debt on lots. To every 119 of population there is one mortgage in force. 
N"one of the existmg debt was incurred iu 1873, and it was not learned that any of it was incurred before that year. 
Nearly the entu-e debt was made in the last seven years. 

The objects of indebtedness in Greene county are comparatively few. Purchase money represents 30.66 per 
cent of the face of the debt; the expense of running farms and the buying of farm proijerty, 21.41 per cent; the 
purchase of more real estate, 17.30 per cent ; business, 11.45 per cent ; improvements, 7.74 per cent ; family expenses, 
5.35 per cent ; pui-chase, the buying of more land, improvements, and business, 68.31 per cent, excepting these 
objects when combined with others. 

CASS COUNTY, IOWA. 

The people of Cass county, Iowa, are chiefly engaged in agriculture and stock raising. The farms are well 
improved, and farmers are provided with the best agricultural implements and machines. Most of the settlers of 
this county began poor and in debt, and many of the present mortgages are renewals of previous mortgages bearing 
higher rates of interest. The population numbers 19,645, an increase of 15.95 per cent in ten years. 

The existing debt of this county is $2,463,243, of which $2,137,170, or 86.76 per cent of the total, is on acres, 
and $326,073, or 13.24 per cent of the total, on lots. The debt to one of the popiilation is $125. On acres the number 
of mortgages in force is 1,967; on lots, 539; total, 2,506. Average amount to a mortgage on acres, $1,086.51 ; on 
lots, $604.96 ; total, $982.94. Mortgages cover 189,270 acres and 1,086 lots. Of the assessed number of acres, 
reported by the auditor of the state in 1890 to be 359,411, 52.66 percent are mortgaged. A mortgage on acres 
covers 96.22 acres on the average ; a mortgage on lots, 2.01 lots. The average debt to a mortgaged acre is $11.29 ; 
to a mortgaged lot, $300.25. To each mortgage in force there is an average of eight people. The partial payments 
are 6.68 per cent of the face of the debt on acres ; 15.65 per cent of the face of the debt on lots ; total, 7.97 per cent. 
It was impossible to ascertain the amount unpaid of two mortgages made to secure a debt of $5,700. 

The few mortgages in this and some others of the 102 counties, about which the special agents of the 
Census Office could obtain no information, are not included in any totals but those which are exclusively their own. 
The probability is that these mortgages represent little, if any, existing debt. They were specially difficult cases, 
calling for expensive journeys and searches of real estate and court records to find persons who could answer inquiries, 
and it sometimes happened that all knowledge of any of the recxuu-ed facts had been lost by deaths. 

In Cass, as in the other Iowa counties, the objects of indebtedness are numerous, and are considerably complicated 

with each other. Of the face of the debt in this county 67.47 per cent was incurred for purchase money and 91.13 

per cent for purchase of the mortgaged and other real estate, improvements, and business, when not complicated 

with other objects. 

CEAWFORD COUNTY, IOWA. - 

Crawford county, Iowa, is purely an agricultural county, and it is not many years since its prairie sod was 
turned over for the first time for the purpose of cultivation. Stock raising has been added to agriculture. The 



16 FARMS, HOISIES, AND MORTGAGES. 

population is largely foreign, the German and Irish people predominating. The present population is 18,894, an 
increase of 52.21 per cent over 1880. It is represented that no excessive financial distress or sudden industrial 
expansion has visited this county. The low prices which have ruled for farm products during the past few years have 
in some measure, it is said, retarded the prosperity of the people. The county was settled mainly by persons who 
were comparatively poor, most of whom were unable to pay more than a small proportion of the purchase price of 
their farms. During the past few years nearly all mortgages drawing a high rate of interest have been paid off by 
the borrowing of money at low rates. 

The debt of this county is $2,584,099, of which 95.50 per cent, or §2,467,905, is on acres, and 4.50 per cent, or 
§116,194, on lots. Against acres, 2,306 mortgages are in force ; against lots, 240 mortgages; total, 2,546. The per 
capita debt is S137. The average mortgage on acres is $1,070.21 ; on lots, $484.14 ; total, $1,014.96. Mortgages 
incumber 298,592 acres and 574 lots ; average debt per acre, $8.27 ; per lot, $202.43. On the average there are 
129.48 mortgaged acres to a mortgage on acres, and the mortgaged lots average 2.39 to a mortgage on lots. There is 
a ratio of one mortgage to seven people. Of the assessed number of acres, 444,036, 67.24 per cent are mortgaged. 
Partial payments are 7.12 per cent of the face of the debt on acres ; 14.25 per cent on lots ; total, 7.47 per cent. No 
information was obtained regarchng one mortgage for $288. 

Again, purchase money is the prominent object, representing in this county 64.11 per cent of the original 
amount of the mortgages. Purchase of the mortgaged and other real estate, improvements, and business, when not 
complicated with other objects, represent 90.33 per cent. 

DELAWARE COUNTY, IOWA. 

Delaware county, Iowa, is on the prairie, with its population mostly native born, and chiefly engaged in 
agi-iculture, stock raising, and dairy farming. The county is somewhat noted for its dairy products, and its 
creameries are generallj^ owned by farmers and operated on the co-operative plan. It is represented as being one 
of the most prosperous counties in the state. The population is 17,349, a decrease of 601 in ten years. 

The debt of Delaware county is $1,636,109 ; 89.99 per cent of the total, or $1,472,298, is on acres; $163,811, or 
10.01 per cent of the total, on lots. On acres the number of mortgages is 1,254 ; on lots, 283 ; total, 1,537. 
The average mortgage is $1,174.08 on acres; $578.84 on lots; total, $1,064.48. Mortgages cover 123,961 acres and 
534 lots. To eleven of population there is one mortgage, and to one of population there is a debt of $94. Each 
mortgaged acre represents a debt of $11.88 ; each mortgaged lot, $306.76. There are on an average 98.85 acres to a 
mortgage on acres and 1.89 lots to a mortgage on lots. Of the assessed number of acres, 356,585, 34.76 per cent 
are mortgaged. In the case of acres the partial payments are 14.19 per cent of the face of the mortgages ; lots, 
12.67 per cent ; total, 14.04 per cent. 

The mortgages in this county are chiefly made for purchase money, the proportion of the total amoimt of the 
face of the debt for this purpose being 66.47 per cent. The purchase of the mortgaged and other real estate, 
improvements, and business, when not combined with other objects, amount to 88.80 per cent. 

JOHNSON COUNTY, IOWA. 

The population of Johnson county, Iowa, is 23,082, a decrease of 2,347 in ten years. There is a large proportion 
of Bohemians among the foreign-born population, the remainder being principally German and Irish. Attempts in 
the past to develop manufactiu-es have to some extent been disastrous, and farming and stock raising are now the 
principal occupations of the people. The county has never had a boom, and it is reported that the peox^le are 
increasing then- Avelfare slowly but sui-ely. 

This county has a debt of $1,769,666, of which 87.37 per cent, or $1,546,132, is on acres, and 12.63 per cent, or 
$223,534, on lots. The per capita debt is $77. The number of mortgages on acres is 1,468 ; on lots, 391 ; total, 
1,859. Mortgages cover 139,642 acres and 624 lots. The average mortgage is $951.94 ; on acres, $1,053.22 ; on lots, 
$571.70. A mortgage on acres incumbers 95.12 acres on the average, and a mortgage on lots incumbers 1.60 lots ; and 
there is an average debt of $11.07 on each acre, and of $358.23 on each lot. There is one mortgage to twelve people, 
and 36.05 per cent of the assessed number of acres, which is 387,316, are mortgaged. Partial payments are 17.16 
per cent of the face of the mortgages on acres ; 13.98 per cent on lots ; total, 16.77 per cent. 

For purchase money 71.32 per cent of the debt was incurred, and for the purchase of mortgaged and other real 
estate, improvements, and business, when not combined with other objects, 93.47 per cent of the debt was incurred. 

The results in the counties in which mortgages were the subject of special investigation outside of the real estate 
records verifj^ the pi'ocess by which the amount of existing indebtedness is ascertained in. other counties. In the 
tables for these counties appear the actual amount of debt in force, the amount of the mortgages u.ncanceled of record, 
and the amount of partial paj* ments, and all of these amounts are analj- zed, so that they are shown by the years 
when the mortgages were made. This analj^sis discloses how much of truth there is in the real estate records as 
they stand for existing indebtedness, and it leads to the same result substantially by a direct examination that is 
produced by the indu-ect process of arriving at the indebtedness in force by taking the average life of mortgages and 
the partial payments that have been made. 



REAi ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD. 



17 



Table l.—AIiABABIA— SUMMARY BY YEARS OF NUMBER AND AMOUNT OF REAL ESTATE MORTaAGES PLACED ON 

RECORD AND NUMBER OF ACRES AND LOTS COVERED. 

[These mortgages do not represent the total debt in force, as many have been paid.] 





MOBTGAGES STATING AMOUNT OP DEBT. 


NUMBER OF ACEES MORTGAGED. 


NU3IBEE OP 
MORTGAGED. 


NUMB] 
GAGES 
AMOU 


5E OP MOET- 


YEABS. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 


■JT OF DEBT. 




Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 


On 

lots. 




93,828 


891,099,623 


73,312 


$64,299,154 


20,516 


826,800,469 


16,175,153 


15,573,265 


601,888 


34,649 


192 


163 


29 








4,666 
6;23G 
7,517 
7,473 
8,129 
9,400 
11,681 
13,217 
11,866 
13,643 


2,610,504 
4,210,198 
6,431,650 
5,628,155 
6,519,339 
5,737,666 
10,290,743 
22,400,371 
13,851,848 
13,419,149 


3,972 
5,495 
6,613 
6,250 
6,622 
7,891 
9,211 
9,538 
8,496 
9,224 


2,018,822 
3,635,888 
5,751,629 
4,542,290 
4,995,601 
4,286,022 
6,505,542 
15,922,921 
9,170,351 
7,470,068 


694 
741 
904 
1,223 
1,507 
1,509 
2,470 
3,679 
3,370 
4,419 


591,682 
574,310 
680,021 
1,085,865 
1,523,738 
1,451,644 
3,735,201 
6,477,450 
4,681,497 
5,949,061 


819,947 
1,185,953 
1,708,436 
1,600,958 
1,379,523 
1,535,703 
1,879,434 
2,486,176 
1,834,603 
1,744,420 


788,305 
1,125,860 
1,650,377 
1,546,100 
1,335,397 
1,478,918 
1,810,375 
2,400,246 
1,766,432 
1,671,255 


31,642 
60,093 
58,059 
54,858 
44,126 
56,785 
69,059 
85,930 
68,171 
73,165 


1,201 
1,166 
1,385 
1,810 
2,614 
2,553 
4,063 
6,530 
5,726 
7,598 


14 

23 
23 
20 
16 
17 
16 
15 
17 
31 


13 
21 
19 
" 
15 
15 
14 
14 
9 
26 


1 




2 




4 




3 




1 




3 




2 




1 




8 




5 







NUMBER AND AMOUNT OF REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD AND NUMBER OF ACRES AND LOTS 

COVERED, BY COUNTIES AND YEARS. 





MORTG.AGES STATING AMOUNT OF DEBT. 




NUMBER OP 

LOTS 
MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OF MOBT- 


COUNTIES AND 
YEAES. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 




AMOUNT OP DEBT. 




Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 

acres. 


On 

lots. 


A 


743 


8497,997- 


720 


.$489,021 


23 


$8,976 


241,025 


240,691 


334 


30 


3 


3 


. . 








32 
37 
97 
48 
68 
93 
88 
96 
106 
88 

159 


15,260 
22,945 
93,430 
38,302 
24,076 
44,017 
42,391 
142,879 
50,497 
24,200 

611,798 


30 
37 
94 
46 
56 
88 
85 
95 
105 
84 

152 


14.210 
22,915 
92,777 
36,002 
23,951 
43,005 
41,561 
142,259 
49,497 
22,814 

608,998 


2 


1,050 


10,343 
13,834 
43,973 
13,322 
13,983 
21,630 
27,727 
54,027 
26,815 
15,371 

724,255 


10,343 
13,834 
43,973 
13,322 
13,983 
21,630 
27,727 
64,027 
26,815 
15,037 

698,718 




3 


1 


1 












3 
2 
2 
5 
3 
1 
1 
4 

7 


653 
2,300 

125 
1,012 

830 

620 
1,000 
1,386 

2,800 




4 
3 
3 
6 

4 
1 
1 
5 

14 








\^'X 




1 


1 




r-^°^ 






1^^ 










r-^Sp 










z?^ 




1 


1 




rj^i 






|r^ 


334 
125,537 


























18 
15 
23 
12 
13 
17 
13 
21 
11 
16 

3,311 


31,170 
68,448 

198,349 
47,538 
45,604 
45.484 
19,058 

121,610 
11,136 
23,401 

2,068,926 


18 
15 
20 
12 
12 
15 
13 
21 
11 
15 

2,903 


31,170 
68,448 

196,624 
47,538 
45,404 
44,859 
19,058 

121,610 
11,136 
23,151 

1,622,242 






30,315 
33,974 
177,689 
107,789 
34,767 
31,686 
21,240 
195,568 
17,033 
14,194 

581,292 


20,658 

5,004 

163,204 

158,132 

29,939 

22,029 

16,412 

176,255 

2,548 

4,537 

566,239 


9,657 
28,970 
14,485 
9,657 
4,828 
9,657 
4,828 
19,313 
14,485 
9,657 

15,053 










~°^l 














ltiS2 


3 


1,725 


4 














:r^^ 


1 


200 
625 


7 
2 






















































1 
408 


250 
446,684 


1 
499 










2 


2 










200 
223 
282 
366 
326 
354 
348 
378 
389 
445 

434 


92,583 
174,453 
217,477 
255,820 
198,735 
226,098 
171,958 
246,858 
293,320 
191,624 

1,613,785 


173 
197 
241 
328 
276 
292 
308 
348 
341 
399 

408 


71,735 
137,012 

. 152,948 
214,2.38 

■ 150,872 
158,535 
130,703 
205,153 
235,734 
165,312 

1,599,522 


27 
26 
41 
38 
50 
62 
40 
30 
48 
46 

25 


20,848 
37,441 
64,529 
41,582 
47,863 
67,563 
41,255 
41,705 
57,586 
26,312 

14,263 


35,590 
39,087 
62,942 
60,526 
57,068 
58,275 
59,106 
74,798 
67,616 
66,284 

124,933 


34,.586 
37,281 
61,136 
57,716 
55,061 
57,071 
58,303 
73,594 
66,211 
65,280 

124,628 


1,004 
1,806 
1,806 
2,810 
2,007 
1,204 
803 
1,204 
1,405 
1,001 

305 


28 
33 
53 
40 
69 
93 
46 
33 
58 
46 

38 


































































2 


2 










3 


3 










30 
33 
45 
48 
34 
45 
57 
63 
47 
42 

1,869 


11,915 
91,170 

170,890 
85,285 

528,288 
15,662 

262,127 
70,508 
31,293 

346,647 

796,728 


30 
32 
44 
47 
31 
42 
55 
47 
44 
36 

1,710 


11,915 
91,130 

170,490 
85,135 

527,672 
13,317 

261,522 
66,452 
29,543 

342,316 

744,252 






6,365 
7,916 
17,982 
14,926 
19,621 
5,452 
15,603 
8,659 
5,408 
23,001 

191,198 


6,365 
7 916 














1 
1 
1 
3 
3 

6 
3 
6 

159 


40 

40O 

150 

616 

2,345 

605 

4,0.36 

1,750 

4,301 

52,476 




1 
3 
2 
6 
4 

9 
4 
8 

220 


1 

1 


1 
1 






17,982 
14,926 
19,621 
5,452 
15,298 
8,669 
5,408 
23,001 

188,296 


































305 




















1 


1 












2,902 


5 


5 










113 
202 
186 
123 
188 
206 
264 
184 
166 
237 


21,491 
30,001 
40,720 
38,707 
91,611 
59,073 
92,391 
142,711 
164,274 
115,689 


104 
200 
175 
115 
176 
195 
253 
168 
150 
174 


17,737 
29,834 
38,516 
30,180 
88,100 
57,065 
88,403 
139,424 
150,307 
104,626 


9 

11 
8 
12 
11 
11 
16 
16 
63 


3,754 
227 
2,204 
8,527 
3,511 
2,008 
3,988 
3,287 
13,907 
11,063 


9,583 
15,023 
14,901 
11,395 
23,547 
20,435 
27,530 
30,554 
18,143 
20,087 


9,583 
13,907 
14,678 
11,172 
23,212 
20,212 
27,195 
30,442 
17,920 
19,975 




23 

12 
13 
. 14 
13 
11 
20 
17 
95 










1,116 
223 
223 
335 
223 
335 
112 
223 
112 


4 


4 
























































1889 


i 


i 





18 FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 

Table 1.—AIjABAMA— NUMBER AND AMOUNT OF REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD, ETC.— Continued. 





MORTGAGES STATIKG AMOUNT OF DEBT. 






NUMBER OF 
MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OF MORT- 


COUNTIES ASD 
YEAES. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 




AMOUNT OF DEBT. 




Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 

acres. 


On 
lots. 




1,579 


81,650,347 


1,307 


$1,450,503 


272 


8199,844 


423,225 


419,653 


3,572 


329 


3 


2 


1 








114 
116 
158 
165 
181 
140 
215 
204 
122 
. 164 

3,235 


91,967 
88,213 
168,340 
198,933 
177,234 
131,574 
275,502 
219,874 
141,903 
156,807 

1,387,523 


88 
94 
137 
144 
143 
109 
180 
173 
100 
139 

3,022 


78,719 
77,733 
152,766 
184,984 
148,677 
111,342 
2-14,975 
201,260 
113,470 
136,577 

1,310,977 


26 
22 
21 
21 
38 
31 
35 
31 
22 
25 

213 


13,248 
10,480 
15,574 
13,949 
28,557 
20,232 
30,527 
18,614 
28,433 
20,230 

76,546 


24,278 
24,183 
45,870 
52,689 
43,703 
27,934 
59,896 
63.011 
34,2.50 
47,411 

513,084 


24,278 
23,209 
45,221 
52,364 
42,729 
27,934 
59,571 
63,011 
34,250 
47,086 

512,572 




28 

24 
22 
24 
44 
32 
44 
38 
43 
30 

255 










974 
649 
325 
974 










































325 


1 


1 




















325 
512 


2 


1 


1 
















277 
340 
430 
308 
369 
.343 
332 

287 
227 

1,810 


80,820 
125,789 
14-1,589 
118,638 
125,718 
167,101 
171,912 
158,777 
194,203 

99,976 

2,551,223 


256 
307 
407 
291 
341 
322 
314 
300 
270 
214 

891 


74,337 
118,149 
1.37,346 
111,476 
119,565 
157,204 
159,943 
149,738 
185,703 

97,516 

1,280,954 


21 
33 
23 

17 
28 
21 
18 
22 
17 
13 

919 


6,483 
7,640 
7,243 
7,162 
6,153 
9,897 
11,969 
9,039 
8,500 
2,460 

1,270,269 


37,461 
49,312 
63,960 
52,386 
53,556 
57,977 
56,428 
51,271 
58,321 
32,412 

132,438 


37,290 
49,312 
63,960 
52,386 
53,556 
57,977 
56,428 
51,271 
57,980 
32,412 

106,250 


171 


22 
36 
35 
17 
28 
31 
26 
26 
19 
15 

1,284 














































































341 

26,188 


















1 


1 










57 
82 
115 
191 
204 
147 
166 
333 
243 
272 

1,348 


30,812 
41,227 
86,870 
141,259 
162,965 
84,319 
122,204 
545,812 
348,023 
987,732 

699,101 


44 
63 

100 
78 
66 
93 
120 
161 
84 
82 

1,268 


23,544 
29,864 
77,513 
50,704 
45,411 
56,177 
91,092 

175,858 
69,153 

661,638 

661,985 


13 
19 
15 
113 
138 
54 
46 
172 
159 
190 

80 


7,268 
11,363 
9,357 
90,5.55 
117,554 
28,142 
31,112 
369,954 
278,870 
326,094 

37,116 


5,771 
7,040 
19,407 
9,954 
7,272 
12,660 
20,425 
22,872 
14,850 
12,187 

213,306 


3,826 
5,244 
14,618 
8,158 
5,177 
10,565 
17,731 
17,485 
13,204 
10,242 

212,966 


1,945 
1,796 
4,789 
1,796 
2,095 
2,095 
2,694 
5,387 
1,646 
1,915 

340 


14 

22 
15 
132 
170 
57 
51 
231 
275 
317 

88 
















1882 
















1884 




















::::::::"x:':" 












1 


1 




1889 






1 


1 








1880 


32 
121 
142 

94 
100 
104 
173 
229 
167 
186 

856 


9,575 
53,459 
77,433 
38,903 
34,108 
50,324 
79,808 
125,717 
109,370 
120,404 

370,729 


' 30 
114 
133 
92 
96 
103 
169 
194 
160 
177 

801 


8,181 
52,135 
72,807 
37,457 
33,707 
50,265 
78,045 
103,253 
108,536 
117,599 

348,783 


2 

7 
9 
2 
4 
1 
4 
35 
7 
9 

55 


1,394 
1,324 
4,626 
1,446 

401 

59 

1,763 

22,464 

834 
2,805 

21,946 


4,382 
19,373 
22,007 
15,093 
12,283 
16,030 
27,373 
32,462 
29,175 
35,128 

94,160 


4,382 
19,373 
21,837 
15,093 
12,113 
16,030 
27,373 
32,462 
29,175 
35,128 

90,747 




3 

7 
10 

4 
1 
4 
39 

11 

95 








1881 










1882 


170 








1883 










170 


1 


1 




1885.. 




1886 




















1888 










1889 












3,413 










" 






1880 


6 

12 
44 
80 
125 
122 
125 
143 
101 
98 

958 


12,225 
33,069 
19,470 
43,284 
48,963 
36,208 
40,394 
57,076 
49,477 
30,563 

647,335 


6 
11 
39 
73 

120 
118 
113 
134 
96 
91 

925 


12,225 
32,969 
16,770 
41,182 
46,967 
35,335 
36,855 
54,970 
43,127 
28,383 

632,298 






3,483 
4,442 
3,987 
9,129 
12,772 
15,426 
10,084 
14,373 
11,730 
8,734 

187,661 


3,483 
4,442 
3,987 
8,894 
12,301 
14,367 
9,260 
14,020 
11,259 
8,734 

187,251 












1881 


1 
5 
7 
5 
4 
12 
9 
5 
7 

33 


100 
2,700 
2,102 
1,996 

873 
3,539 
2,106 
6,350 
2,180 

15,037 




2 
20 
10 
9 
4 
14 
18 

11 

120 








1882 










1883 


235 
471 
1,0.59 
824 
353 
471 








1884 








1885 








1886 








1887 








1888 








1889 








Chilton 


410 


2 


2 








1880 


52 
54 
66 
74 
97 
117 
135 
142 
104 
117 

1,204 


15,260 
23,084 

132,422 
45,218 
73,485 
45,867 
50,273 

103,651 
97,730 
00,345 

475,940 


49 
52 
64 
70 
96 
114 
130 
135 
102 
113 

1,184 


14,926 
22,480 

132,297 
42,.326 
71,235 
45,149 
47,891 

100,611 
97,015 
58,368 

466,655 


3 

2 
2 
4 
1 
3 
5 
7 

4 

20 


334 

604 

125 

2,892 

2,250 

718 

2,382 

3,040 

715 

1,977 

9,285 


7,317 
10,023 
30,178 
13,243 
21,252 
16,983 
22,146 
22,112 
24,045 
20,362 

266,910 


7,317 
10,023 
30,178 
13,243 
21,252 
16,983 
22,146 
21,907 
23,840 
20,362 

261,270 




10 
28 
2 
35 
4 
3 
20 
11 
2 
5 

37 








1881 










1882 










1883 




1 


1 




1884 






1885 










1886 










1887 


205 
205 


1 


1 




1888 




1889 










5,640 
















1880 


78 
125 
126 
114 
131 

97 
117 
121 
133 
162 

764 


39,444 
56,080 
61,765 
44,200 
54,479 
36,464 
53,326 
34,113 
39,290 
56,789 

434,415 


77 
120 
123 
112 
129 

96 
116 
119 
131 
161 

756 


39,294 
51,286 
61,163 
43,880 
53,541 
36,180 
53,068 
32,696 
38,765 
56,782 

426,248 


1 
5 
3 
2 
2 
1 
1 
2 
2 
1 

8 


150 

4,794 

602 

320 

938 

274 

258 

1,417 

525 

7 

8,167 


29,077 
28,4.32 
24,929 
24,312 
29,506 
18,823 
25,760 
25,861 
27,883 
32,327 

183,071 


28,626 
27,304 
23,801 
23,635 
29,280 
18,823 
24,858 
25,861 
27,206 
31,876 

174,088 


451 

1,128 

1,128 

677 

226 


1 
5 
4 
3 
4 
1 

5 
11 
1 

24 








1881 








1882 








1883 








1884 








1885 








1886 


902 




1 


1887 




1 


18S8 


677 
451 

8,983 






1889 




1 


Clarke 




1 









1880 


37 
62 
75 
73 
62 
82 
91 
88 
89 
105 


16,454 
49,145 
31,132 
45,915 
80,231 
, 40,458 
42,754 
42,309 
47,2.37 
38,730 


36 
62 
74 
72 
61 
81 
91 
88 
89 
102 


14,9.54 
49,145 
31,082 
45,090 
75,231 
40,138 
42,754 
42,309 
47,287 
38,258 


1 


1,500 


9,043 
18,710 
17,996 
24,371 
15,283 
17, -183 
21 ,.350 
20,707 
17,914 
20,214 


9,043 
17,982 
17,510 
23,643 
13,826 
16,755 
20,379 
19,007 
17,186 
18,757 




7 


1 




1881 


728 
486 
728 

1,4.57 
728 
971 

1,700 
728 

1,457 








1 

1 
1 

1 


50 

825 

5,000 

320 


1 
6 
4 
2 






1883 




1884 




■ 


1885 




1 


1886 




1 


1887 










1 


1888 








"::::::::::: 


1 


1889 


3 


472 


4 


1 


I 



REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD. 19 

Table l.—ALAJBAMA— NUMBER AND AMOtJNT OF EEAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD, ETC.— Continaed. 





MORTGAGES STATING AMOCKT OF DEBT. 




NUMBEK OF 

LOTS 
MORTGAGED. 


KUMEEE OF HOET- 


COUNTIES AND 
YEAItS. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 




AMOUNT OP DEBT. 




Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 


On 

lots. 


Clay 


034 


$168,495 


628 


$164,675 


6 


$3,820 


79,253 


78,989 


264 


6 


2 


2 






27 
56 
44 
40 
38 
49 
78 
99 
113 
90 

548 


6,424 
9,898 
16,268 
15,515 
6,980 
19,899 
12,181 
33,428 
28.664 
19,338 

145,099 


27 
56 
44 
40 
38 
49 
77 
96 
113 
88 

488 


6,424 
9,898 
16,268 
15,515 
6,980 
19,899 
11,749 
30,790 
28,564 
18,588 

129,181 






3,647 
6,555 
6,595 
7,315 
4,394 
6,197 
7,086 
11,687 
17,194 
8,583 

46,327 


3,647 
6,291 
6,595 
7,315 
4,394 
6,197 
7,086 
11,687 
17,194 
8,583 

30,789 


















261 


















































1 

1 


1 














1 






1 
3 


432 
2,638 




1 

3 


























2 
GO 


750 
15,918 




87 










15 538 


5 


5 










46 
39 
44 
46 
69 
79 
68 
59 
56 
42 

923 


12,754 

8,273 
14,780 
12,968 
18,573 
15,853 
14,055 
11,780 
28,880 

7,183 

318,539 


41 
37 

39 
43 
49 
67 
61 
57 
53 
41 

917 


10,691 
7,630 
12,938 
12,460 
13,761 
13,301 
12,073 
11,190 
28,080 
7,057 

311,504 


5 

5 
3 
20 
12 
7 
2 
3 
1 

6 


2,063 

643 

1,842 

508 

4,812 

2,552 

1,982 

590 

800 

126 

7,035 


3,884 
2,895 
4,194 
5,748 
4,090 
5,505 
5,301 
4,812 
6,311 
3,527 

163,950 


3,026 
2,037 
2,955 
4,890 
2,660 
3,217 
2,025 
3,287 
4,595 
2,097 

160,910 


S58 
h5S 
1 230 
fcoS 
1,430 
2,288 
8,336 
1,525 
1,716 
1,430 

3,040 


8 


3 

27 
23 

4 
6 

1 

11 


1 


1 








r-°^^ 


2 


2 












^^z 
















i^z 
























Coffee 










59 
57 
CO 
56 
51 
71 
145 
124 
114 
186 

1,298 


17,218 
14.231 
15,526 
18,483 
16,899 
20,091 
44,055 
40,801 
63,263 
67,369 

2,443,549 


59 
57 
59 
54 
51 
71 
144 
124 
112 
186 

666 


17,218 
14,231 
14,936 
17,898 
16,899 
20,091 
44,080 
40,804 
57,978 
67,369 

1,461,379 




9,099 
9,503 
9,772 
10,498 
8,287 
11,852 
24,624 
20,172 
27,184 
32,959 

131,461 


8,920 
9,503 
9,414 
10, ,319 
8,108 
11,852 
24,088 
19,457 
26,648 
32,601 

119,348 


179 



























1 
2 


590 
585 


.358 
179 
179 


() 
3 
















1^"^ 
























1 


575 


536 
715 
536 
358 

12,113 


1 








:;|?r 










2 


5,285 


4 








188s 










632 


982,170 


1 412 





5 


1 








61 
95 
90 
69 
139 
85 
161 
196 
167 
235 

1,474 


46,788 
58,475 
49,349 
60,700 
217,831 
38,432 
321,230 
451,279 
857,942 
341,517 

493,107 


55 

84 
76 
62 
53 
55 
64 
98 
67 
52 

1,410 


44,201 
51,857 
43,572 
56,523 
43,537 
18,7/7 
102,851 
288,556 
764,66:j 
46,842 

455,104 


6 
11 

14 
7 
86 
30 
97 
98 
100 
183 

64 


2,587 
6,618 
5,777 
4,177 

174,294 
19,655 

218,385 

162,723 
93,279 

294,675 

38,003 


10,311 
16,147 
15,260 
15,185 
11,227 

9,180 
15,840 
20,730 
10,411 

7,146 

286,134 


9,119 
14,360 
14,075 
13,795 
9,837 
8,193 
15,250 
19,346 
9,617 
6,756 

286,134 


1,192 

1,787 

1,191 

1,390 

1,390 

993 

596 

1,390 

794 

1,390 


13 
51 
35 
Jl 
307 
79 
241 
186 
168 
SOI 

70 


3 


3 










1 


1 








^^97 










2 


1" 






i 
























1 


1 












11 

13 
53 
152 
195 
201 
216 
226 
195 
212 

1,070 


2,170 
2,10-1 
22,382 
53,146 
60,000 
64,674 
58, .381 
117,077 
.51,019 
71,494 

422,366 


11 
13 
53 
150 
189 
193 
202 
212 
189 
198 

1,040 


2,170 
2,164 
22,382 
52,532 
41,972 
62,984 
50,669 
112,591 
49,943 
57,697 

395,476 






1,054 
1,048 
10,423 
42,025 
34,965 
35,149 
28,103 
71,297 
30,238 
31,172 

185,594 


1,054 
1,648 
10,423 
42,025 
34,965 
35,149 
28,103 
71,297 
30,238 
31,172 

185,033 












Jrr*/ 


































6 
8 
14 
14 
6 
14 

30 


614 
8,028 
1,690 
7,712 
4,486 
1,676 
13,797 

26,890 




4 
7 
10 

n 

19 
6 

lb 

48 




























^rr^ 




















|rr^ 














1 

1 


1 
1 






561 










43 
81 
79 
73 
101 
124 
153 
189 
112 
115 

370 


22,570 
37,825 
25,628 
21,569 
32,870 
53,7.31 
71,005 
78,269 
43,997 
34,902 

96,327 


41 
76 
79 
73 
97 
121 
147 
182 
110 
114 

362 


16,900 
20,678 
25,628 
21,569 
32,257 
53,481 
69,528 
77,702 
43,267 
34,466 

94,496 


5 


5,670 
17,147 


8,020 
11,066 
13,897 
10,753 
10,192 
22,080 
28,260 
37,870 
19,941 
18,009 

98,018 


8,020 
10,879 
13,210 
10,753 
16,192 
21,893 
28,260 
37,870 
19,941 
18,009 

98,018 




11 
14 








^^^Y 


187 
187 








^r?^ 








^??" 
















4 
3 
6 

7 
2 
1 

8 


613 
250 
1,477 
567 
730 
436 

1,831 




4 
3 
6 

T 

9 


1 


1 






187 




|rr^ 








^°^^ 










^??^ 










|?v^ 
































26 
SO 
28 
33 
43 
29 
26 
50 
52 
53 

1,939 


5,504 
5,706 
5,604 
6,598 
5,585 
8,599 
5,579 
13,518 
11,309 
28,325 

600,115 


25 
29 
26 
33 
41 
29 
25 
49 
52 
53 

1,924 


5,392 
4,956 
5,.364 
6,598 
5,022 
8,599 
5,429 
13,502 
11,309 
28,325 

597,225 


1 
1 
2 


112 
750 
240 


6,023 
3,564 
5,721 
5,332 
5,713 
7,173 
3,602 
9,822 
9,054 
42,014 

259,930 


6,023 
3,564 
5,721 
5,332 
5,713 
7,173 
3,602 
9,822 
9,054 
42,014 

253,303 




2 
1 
2 








|r^!j 










^??^ 










irrr 










1^™ 


2 


563 




2 








|?r* 










^^^ 


1 

1 


150 
16 




1 

1 








1^^ 










r?^^ 










^??r 


: 1:::::::::"": 














15 


2,890 


6,627 


15 


















92 
127 
190 
199 
192 
187 
195 
189 
282 
. 286 


25,055 
43,189 
57,148 
58,510 
54,005 
55, .339 
65,637 
66,178 
100,695 
83,699 


92 
126 
190 
197 
191 
187 
194 
189 
279 
279 


25,055 
43,089 
57,148 
58,290 
54,165 
55,339 
05,. 522 
50,178 
100,491 
81,948 






12,456 
17,903 
25,481 
27,257 
24,337 
27,549 
27,178 
23,514 
38,499 
35,756 


11,045 
17,497 
24,534 
20,310 
23,790 
27,008 
20,637 
22,703 
37,823 
35,350 


811 
406 
947 
947 
541 
541 
541 
811 
676 
406 












1 


100 


1 


















2 

1 


220 
500 


1 








igX7 


















1 


115 


1 
















^rri 


3 

7 


204 
1,751 


3 

7 








1889 









a Eecords destroyed by fire December 7, 1882 ; mostly restored. 



20 FABMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 

Table 1.— ALABAMA— NUMBER AND AMOUNT OF KEAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD, ETC.— Continued. 





MOETGAGES STATING AMOUST OF DEBT. 






NUMBER OF 

LOTS 
MORTGAGED. 


NTTMBEK OF MOET- 


COUNTrES AND 
TEAES. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 




AMOtrNT OF DEBT. 




Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 


On 
lots. 




2,0C5 


$349,251 


1,829 


$275,014 


236 


$74,237 


104,935 


164,484 


451 


387 


1 


1 










155 
148 
135 
137 
274 
299 
242 
183 
240 
246 

723 


23,617 
19,369 
19,770 
25,169 
42,347 
44,691 
42,903 
35,121 
48,612 
47,652 

232,215 


141 
133 
114 
123 
249 
277 
215 
161 
214 
202 

707 


16,417 
15,985 
15,162 
22,668 
32,862 
37,875 
30,458 
27,122 
40,554 
35,911 

228,910 


14 
15 
21 
14 

25 

32 
44 

16 


7,200 
3,384 
4,008 
2,501 
9,485 
6,816 

12,445 
7,999 
8,0.58 

11,741 

3,305 


10,032 
9,030 
9,325 
11,715 
20,176 
23,376 
19,790 
18,141 
22,583 
20,167 

116,359 


10,032 
9,630 
9,325 
11,715 
20,176 
23,376 
19,700 
18,141 
22,312 
20,077 

113,890 




25 
29 
38 
19 
46 
37 
40 
46 
42 
65 

17 


















4r?;r 


















|x5^ 










|^|f 








I^V? 


90 








i^^ 








1^^' 


271 
90 

2,469 










1 


1 








































































,g^^ 






















































































151 
123 
135 
144 
170 

2,991 


37,638 
38,625 
44,098 
48,930 
62,924 

2,866,681 


150 
118 
132 
141 
166 

1,852 


37,406 
37,634 
43,745 
48,364 
01,761 

1,923,940 


1 
5 
3 
3 
4 

1,139 


232 
991 
353 
566 
1,163 

942,741 


22,830 
20,065 
20,866 
24,084 
27,914 

732,462 


22,665 
20,171 
20,208 
23,590 
27,256 

711,457 


165 
494 
658 
494 
658 

21,005 


1 
5 
4 
3 
4 

1,395 








i^i 
















1888 
















31 


19 


12 








159 
271 
297 
265 
265 
263 
399 
394 
357 
321 

1,141 


111,658 
238,409 
380,987 
262,555 
239,345 
329,609 
319,622 
419,803 
280,723 
283,970 

983,380' 


122 
209 
254 
191 
177 
166 
238 
239 
136 
120 

802 


90,711 
203,454 
342,670 
202,238 
157,801 
147,680 
224,023 
283,654 
136,613 
134,496 

555,904 


37 
62 
43 
74 
88 
97 
161 
155 
221 
201 

339 


20,947 
34,955 
38,317 
60,317 
81,544 
181,929 
94,999 
136,149 
144,110 
149,474 

427,476 


36,436 
92,853 

100,237 
• 81,479 
62,655 
62,700 
91,130 

107,627 
45,780 
51,565 

111,841 


35,643 
92,060 
99,048 
78,705 
59,881 
61,511 
88,356 
106,042 
43,006 
47,205 

108,904 


793 
793 
1,189 
2,774 
2,774 
1,189 
2,774 
1,585 
2,774 
4,360 

2,937 


45 
80 
52 
98 
101 
125 
190 
220 
241 
237 

1,004 


1 
5 
3 
2 
1 
3 
2 




1 




3 
1 

1 


2 




2 




1 




1 




3 

1 






1 








2 
12 




2 




10 


2 
















29 
44 
52 
65 
66 
58 
77 
188 
173 
389 

1,580 


4,951 
12,217 
15,601 
18,744 
19,578 
16,251 
23,817 

2.36,696 
46,299 

589,226 

794,772 


28 
39 
49 
57 
55 
50 
&5 
173 
136 
150 

1,546 


4,651 
10,706 
13,001 
17,389 
14,871 
11,010 
17,662 

210,169 
35,992 

220,453 

781,519 


1 
5 
3 

8 
11 

8 
12 
15 
37 
239 

34 


300 
1,-511 

2,600 
1,355 
4,707 
5,241 
6,155 
26,527 
10,307 
368,773 

13,253 


2,215 
4,311 
5,213 
5,462 
5,699 
4,370 
6,945 
48,636 
12,742 
16,248 

351,387 


2,215 
4,311 
4,933 
5,.322 
5,559 
4,230 
6,665 
48,077 
12,323 
15,269 

351,159 




2 
5 
4 
8 

14 
8 

13 
339 

48 
503 

94 








jr^Y 












280 
140 
140 
140 
280 
5.59 
419 
979 

228 
























































1889 








1 


1 










75 
111 
143 
138 
132 
188 
190 
199 
184 
220 

223 


22,331 
42,517 
54,523 
55,172 
52,097 
86,361 
118,430 
108,090 
93,781 
161,470 

261,684 


73 
108 
140 
136 
131 
184 
189 
197 
179 
209 

135 


22,011 
42,325 
53,865 
54,994 
52,037 
83,272 
117,980 
107,799 
90,697 
156,539 

238,092 


2 
3 
3 

1 

4 
1 

5 
11 

87 


320 

192 

658 

178 

60 

3,0S9 

450 

291 

3,084 

4,931 

23,592 


14,424 
25,725 
32,406 
26,823 
24,007 
37.589 
47,989 
47,983 
38,771 
55,610 

109,794 


14,196 
25,725 
32,406 
26,823 
24,067 
37,589 
47,989 
47,983 
38,771 
55,610 

109,794 


228 


16 

15 
7 
5 
2 
6 

14 
4 
6 

19 

109 




























































i 


1 




















































6 
10 
11 
13 
16 
17 
15 
41 
35 
59 

1,407 


7,705 
12,755 
25,144 
28,977 
10,545 
26,843 
36,575 
84,725 
11,418 
16,997 

1,299,905 


3 
9 

8 
8 
12 
13 
11 
29 
16 
27 

804 


6,955 
12,355 
24,715 
25,742 

9,548 
25,276 
35,414 
82,141 

6,772 

9,174 

771,888 


3 
1 
3 
5 
4 
4 
4 
12 
19 
32 

603 


750 

400 

429 

3,235 

997 

1,567 

1,161 

2,584 

4,646 

7,823 

528,017 


5,240 
5,822 
8,010 
26,560 
3,363 
9,900 
26,092 
18,428 
2,947 
3,432 

101,825 


5,240 
5,822 
8,010 
26,560 
3,363 
9,900 
26,092 
18,428 
2,947 
3,432 

94,423 




3 

1 
4 

5 

8 
11 
16 
23 
33 

872 




































































































7,402 


















66 
94 
95 
80 
121 
136 
165 
314 
132 
204 

, 386 


56,728 
48,516 
36,396 
44,729 

155,786 
52,966 
81,162 

455,362 
91,802 

276,458 

213,333 


45 
59 

72 
61 
78 
94 
132 
119 
52 
92 

367 


20,163 
26,930 
28,896 
.31,960 

126,311 
38,004 
60,155 

209,983 
26,015 

203,471 

207,936 


21 
35 
23 
19 
43 
42 
33 

195 
80 

112 

19 


36,565 
21,586 
7,500 
12,769 
29,475 
14,962 
21,007 
245,379 
65,787 
72,987 

5,397 


5,969 
6,466 
7,686 
8,298 
8,478 
9,778 
15,843 
20,421 
6,619 
12,267 

84,125 


5,586 
6,211 
7,303 
7,532 
8,223 
8,757 
14,439 
19,400 
6,109 
10,863 

76,158 


383 

255 

383 

766 

255 

1,021 

1,404 

1,021 

510 

1,404 

7,967 


-33 

41 
25 
24 
51 

124 
37 

281 
97 

159 

24 




1 








] 












1883 




! 




































































35 
19 
16 
24 
32 
49 
46 
50 
59 
56 


11,011 
5,715 
10,134 
7,299 
8,633 
13,565 
37,525 
58,568 
41,321 
19,562 


33 

18 
15 
23 
31 
46 
40 
48 
59 
54 


10,357 
5,230 
8,830 
7,155 
8,577 
12,737 
36,112 
58,358 
41,321 
19,259 


2 

1 
1 
1 
1 
3 
6 
2 


654 

485 

1,304 

144 


6,236 
4,991 
3,991 
4,549 
6.652 


5,533 
4,757 
3,757 
4,080 
5,949 
7,643 
6,982 
16,426 
13,161 
7,870 


703 
234 
234 
469 
703 
937 
703 
703 
1,875 
1,406 


5 

1 

1 
1 
3 
6 
2 










































828 8,580 

1,413 7,685 

210 17.129 




j 


















15,036 
1 9,276 






1889 


2 


303 


3 







I Records destroyed by fire November 26, 1885. 



REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD. 21 

Table 1.— AliABAMA— NUMBEE AND AMOUNT OF REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD, ETC.— Continued. 





MORTGAGES STATING AMOUNT OF DEBT. 




NUMBER OF 
MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OF MORT- 


COUNTrES AND 
YEARS. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 




AMOUNT OF DEBT. 




^Tumber. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 


On 
lots. 


Franklin 


505 


8582,793 


470 


$576,938 


29 


So, 855 


77,706 


71,628 


0,078 


98 


5 


4 


1 




44 
50 
52 
47 
44 
01 
36 
46 
67 
58 

432 


12,588 
18,909 
15,039 
22,204 
13,165 
21,411 
11,74.1 
15,613 
431,891 
20,109 

124,735 


41 
49 
51 
47 
42 
58 
34 
44 
60 
50 

419 


12,249 
18,954 
14,914 
22,264 
13,025 
20,798 
11,134 
14,544 
430,480 
18,576 

114,651 


3 
1 

1 


339 
15 
125 


6,408 
6,977 
7,434 
9,625 
7,796 
8,696 
0,104 
0,912 
10,944 
0,890 

00,037 


5,915 
6,1.56 
6,961 
8,311 
7,632 
8,367 
5,018 
6,748 
10,431 
6,069 

59,624 


493 
821 
493 
1,314 
164 
329 
986 
164 
493 
821 

1,013 


4 
1 
1 


1 
2 


1 

2 




1880 




1881 




1882 








1884 


.3 

2 

7 
8 

13 


140 

013 

610 

1,069 

1,411 

1,533 

10,084 


23 
2 
38 
13 
14 

IS 


1 


1 




1883 








1880 








1887 


1 




1 


1888 
















Geneva 








]8Sn 


26 
29 
29 
27 
25 
38 
43 
50 
70 
95 

793 


5,246 
4,130 
7,389 
6,263 
5,926 
9,544 
15,951 
14,496 
30,113 
25,077 

661,064 


20 
28 
28 
24 
25 
37 
41 
49 
68 
93 

742 


5,246 
3,830 
6,339 
5,454 
5,926 
9,244 
13,326 
11,296 
28,809 
25,181 

030,028 




360" 


4,800 
3,442 
4,500 
4,051 
3,672 
5,673 
6,659 
7,203 
9,230 
11,275 

248,401 


4,866 
3,442 
4,506 
4,051 
3,383 
3,528 
6,514 
7,263 
8,941 
11,130 




1 








1882 

1883 


1 
3 

i" 

2 
1 
2 
2 

51 


1,050 
809 

*'3o6" 

2,023 

3,200 

1,304 

490 

31,036 


289" 

145 
145 


1 








1884 


1 
3 
2 
92 








1885 








1886 








1887 


289 
145 






1888 


















Greene 












39 

58 
79 
114 
79 
80 
75 
96 
80 
93 

955 


30,060 
32,155 
93,869 
99,764 
78,528 
48,509 
59,340 
77,321 
76,214 
05,298 

1,004,448 


35 

52 
75 
108 
76 
75 
72 
92 
70 
87 

880 


28,618 
25,732 
90,808 
95,429 
70,222 
45,219 
.58,476 
75,302 
70,009 
63,493 

954,457 


4 
6 
4 
6 
3 
5 
3 
4 
10 
6 

75 


1,442 
6,423 
3,001 
4,335 
2,306 
3,290 
870 
1,959 
5,605 
1,805 

49,991 


11,937 
15,526 
23,618 
38,828 
23,201 
23,080 
21,133 
38,083 
25,838 
27,123 

279,518 


11,937 
14,501 
20,915 
36,778 
21,151 
21,372 
18,060 
36,718 
24,471 
25,415 

278,884 




7 
15 

6 
13 

5 
19 

5 

10 

508 










1,025 
2,733 
2,050 
2,050 
1,708 
3,075 
1,307 
1,367 
1,708 

634 








1881 








1882 








1883 








1884 








1885 








1886 








1887 








1888 










6 


5 




Hale 


1 




67 
91 

126 
83 
73 
88 

128 
72 
93 

134 

3,627 


60,712 
103,699 
152,709 

68,873 
101,450 

98,202 
124,849 
117,528 

66,836 
109,530 

1,319,551 


59 
83 

113 
75 
67 
80 

121 
67 
88 

125 

3,451 


55,034 
97,704 

144,296 
64,581 
97,863 
92,502 

118,156 

114,861 
63,957 

105,503 

1,258,748 


8 
8 
11 
8 
6 
8 
7 
5 
5 
9 

176 


5,678 
5,995 
8,473 
4.292 
3,587 
5,700 
6,693 
2,667 
2,879 
4,027 

00,803 


16,001 
26,361 
41,593 
24,943 
28,747 
26,211 
38,126 
25,603 
20,823 
30,990 

583,503 


16,061 
26,361 
41,593 
24,943 
28,430 
25,894 
38,120 
23,063 
20,823 
30,990 

567,434 




78 
9 

11 

8 

109 

30 

51 
90 
151 

ISS 








1880 










1881 










1882 










1883 


317 
317 








1884 








1885 


1 
1 

2 


1 
1 
1 




1886 






1887 






1888 








16,069 








Henry 










1G8 
220 
306 
327 
270 
394 
456 
380 
519 
587 

854 


51,891 
90,293 
124,620 
128,708 
97,303 
1.39,018 
149,702 
167,280 
190,983 
179,093 

031,011 


167 

214 
296 
307 
256 
382 
444 
360 
484 
541 

681 


51,671 

88,555 
117,042 
120,273 

90,318 
136,203 
148,215 
160,626 
180,353 
165,492 

524,472 


1 
6 
10 
20 
14 
12 
12 
20 
35 
46 

173 


220 
1,738 
7,578 
8,435 
0,985 
2,815 
1,547 
6,654 
10,630 
14,201 

107,139 


27,754 
37,445 
56,573 
55,704 
43,823 
07 ,.349 
72,107 
03,720 
70,078 
82,344 

120,261 


26,739 
36,768 
55,558 
53,336 
43,1.16 
64,812 
69,232 
61,690 
75,156 
80,991 

116,681 


1,015 
677 
1,015 
2,368 
077 
2,337 
2,875 
2,0.30 
1,522 
1,353 

3,580 


1 

12 
Jl 
17 
12 
12 
23 
3.5 
48 

283 








1880 








1881 








1882 








1883 








1884 








1885 








1880 








1887 ..... 








1888 










1 


1 








Jackson 






64 
80 
83 
95 
89 
94 
98 
74 
82 
95 

8,315 


31,341 
138,829 
45,481 
50,464 
49,333 
60,273 
49,. 396 
06,840 
38,723 
104,931 

20,334,987 


56 
67 
61 
80 
64 
76 
81 
65 
66 
65 

2,568 


28,104 
133,218 
37,184 
51,880 
37, .3.39 
42,612 
39,924 
65,539 
32,035 
50,031 

14,370,320 


8 
13 

15 
25 
18 
17 
9 
16 
30 

5,747 


3,237 
5,611 
8,297 
4, .578 

11,994 
7,661 
9,472 
1,.301 
6,088 

48,900 

11,964,661 


9,370 
13,509 

9,746 
12,866 
11,333 
11,404 
12,976 
16,972 

8,716 
13,369 

505,250 


9,370 
13,330 

9,567 
12,329 
10,796 
10,688 
12,797 
16,256 

8,179 
13,309 

426,038 




14 
12 
34 
19 
35 
69 
23 
9 
23 
43 

10,090 








1880 


179 
179 
537 
537 
710 
179 
716 
337 


1 


1 




1881 




1882, 








1883 








1884.. 








1885 








1886 








1887 








1888 










78,012 












Jefferson 










145 

275 

340 

425 

413 

518 

1,483 

1.849 

1.355 

1,512 

853 


82,086 

324,574 

1,315,346 

1,064,673 

868,839 

638,953 

3,415,055 

11,182,654 

4,317,711 

3,124,496 

220,781 


92 

187 
174 
189 
172 
230 
423 
573 
270 
252 

81T 


49,546 

255,002 

1,195,985 

805,909 

607,072 

326,395 

973,013 

7,997,034 

1,680,351 

419,959 

217,405 


53 

88 

166 

230 

241 

288 

1,000 

1,270 

1,079 

1,200 

30 


33,140 

69,512 

119,361 

198,764 

201,767 

312,558 

2,442,042 

3,185,620 

2,637,360 

2,704,537 

9,316 


8,723 
32,149 
39,980 
83,683 
37,283 
22,230 
40,827 
151,560 
03,387 
25,400 

127,024 


6,748 
27,606 
34,653 
77,955 
31,537 
16,720 
24,433 
133,191 
55,091 
18,684 

123,837 


1,973 
4,513 
5,333 
5,728 
5,728 
5,330 
10,. 394 
18,369 
8,296 
6,716 

3,787 


84 

139 

250 

375 

435 

407 

1,849 

2,254 

2,004 

2,233 

105 








1880 








1881 








1882 








1883 








1884 








1883 




















1888 
















Lamar 








1880 


44 
59 
51 
73 
70 
90 
114 
89 
107 
156 


12,.517 
21,454 
14,157 
22,473 
17,568 
25,414 
20,278 
20,703 
29,554 
36,003 


42 
.54 
50 
72 
68 
85 
114 
85 
101 
146 


11,801 
20,553 
14,143 
22,350 
17,007 
24,3.35 
26,278 
20,3.56 
27,975 
32,667 


2 
5 
1 
1 
2 
5 


710 
901 
14 
123 
561 
1,079 


6,389 
8,140 
8, .513 
13,578 
12,059 
12,472 
18.988 
13,619 
14,506 
19,358 


6,389 
7,824 
8,515 
13,262 
12,059 
12,314 
17,88-1 
13,303 
14,0.33 


si'e ' 


2 
8 
1 








1881 








1882 


316 








1883 


10 

7 








1884 


158 

1,104 

.310 

473 








1885 






1 


1887 


4 



407 
1,579 


5 
42 






1 


1888 


1 




1 


1889. 


10 1 a,»« 


) L0,-04 1 , ■ 









22 FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 

Table I.—ALABAIH A— NUMBER AND AMOUNT OF KEAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD, ETC.— Continued. 





MOETGAGES STATING AMOUNT OF DEBT. 


NUMBER OF ACKES MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OF 

LOTS 
MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OF MORT- 


COnSTEES AND 
YE.\ES. 


Total. 


On 


acres. 


Or 


lots. 


AMOUNT OF DEBT. 




Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 
acres. 


On 

lots. 


Xiauderdale 


1,656 


$1,296,897 


670 


$304,976 


980 


6791,921 


110,921 


101,717 


9,204 


1,963 


5 


3 


2 




51 
43 
95 
56 
76 
75 
93 
203 
289 
. 673 

887 


29,635 
20,802 
40,910 
31,069 
26,780 
45,270 
33,828 
119,374 
183,957 
764,672 

431,812 


40 
35 
83 
50 
64 
63 
74 
73 
83 
111 

811 


22,245 
13,320 
35,845 
27,866 
20,780 
42,022 
27,245 
26,642 
60,871 
228,140 

401,339 


11 
8 
12 
6 
12 
12 
19 
130 
206 
564 

76 


7,390 
7,482 
5,065 
3,803 
6,000 
3,248 
6,583 
92,732 
123,086 
536,532 

30,473 


9,056 

5,675 
10,222 
10,830 

8,725 
12,610 

9,233 
10,758 
12,293 
15,519 

140,978 


8,727 

5,310 
14,907 
10,337 

8,396 
11,788 

8,570 
10,265 
10,814 
12,561 

139,396 


329 

329 

1,315 

493 

329 

822 

057 

493 

1,479 

2,958 

1,582 


19 
14 
18 
6 
13 
16 
19 
327 
385 
1,146 

116 


1 

1 1 


1 

1 








^zr;^ 




|r5^ 


















1 


1 


























2 




2 




2 










47 
78 
81 
77 
97 
99 
128 
108 
82 
90 

1,823 


23,220 
37,337 
36,943 
40,511 
55,038 
43,605 
60,966 
59,620 
35,897 
38,675 

843,388 


47 
72 
75 
72 
87 
91 
116 
101 
75 
75 

1,536 


23,220 
35,877 
33,947 
39,251 
46,876 
40,727 
56,864 
57,288 
32,446 
34,843 

723,561 






8,8a3 
18,941 
12,683 
12,669 
12,939 
11,742 
19,732 
18,724 
12,061 
12,054 

345,311 


8,8.33 
18,941 
12,683 
12,669 
12,763 
11,566 
19,205 
18,548 
12,134 
12,054 

339,067 















6 

5 
10 

8 
12 

7 
15 

287 


1,460 
2,996 
1,260 
8,102 
2,878 
4,102 
2,332 
3,451 
3,832 

119,827 




6 
8 
6 
17 
10 
15 
19 
9 
26 

300 






























176 
176 
527 
176 
527 


































1 
1 

14 


1 
1 

13 








Lee 


6,244 


1 








139 
174 
210 
192 
166 
168 
177 
212 
206 
179 

1,120 


45,648 
66,03:j 
81,867 
80,439 
98,275 
54,551 
102,416 
119,933 
109,301 
84,905 

812,863 


121 
135 
183 
156 
125 
147 
153 
187 
172 
135 

1,043 


41,323 
61,969 
70,171 
71,634 
73,808 
46,468 
88,065 
106,236 
89,470 
68,417 

776,882 


18 
19 
25 
36 
41 
21 
24 
23 
34 
44 

77 


4,325 
4,064 
5,6% 
8,805 
24,467 
8,083 
14,351 
13,717 
19,831 
16,488 

35,981 


20,258 
28,059 
43,209 
40,372 
31,909 
24,915 
39,905 
51,413 
40,210 
24,461 

195,086 


20,258 
27,767 
42,540 
39,257 
31,909 
24,692 
39,459 
50,521 
39,541 
23,123 

193,195 




20 
20 
25 
39 
46 
22 

25 
34 
44 

90 










892 

669 

1,115 










1 
1 
1 

1 

1 

2 


1 
4 
1 

2 
1 
2 
1 
1 






1 








223 
446 
892 
609 
1,338 

1,891 






















2 










78 
90 
122 
110 
106 
113 
153 
134 
106 
108 

1,770 


77,813 
71,994 
87,286 . 
64,556 
59,120 
55,248 
178,613 
97,984 
51,0.37 
69,212 

1,816,131 


78 
86 
118 
103 
95 
104 
147 
121 
93 
98 

1,659 


77,813 
69,223 
84,609 
61,388 
33,704 
53,045 
176,660 
89,508 
44,2.39 
64,693 

1,796,073 






14,916 
23,503 
22,072 
18,639 
16,867 
14,272 

a3,ooi 

24,6.53 
11,476 
13,087 

621,191 


14,727 
23,314 
21,694 
18,450 
16,678 
13,704 
33,001 
24,653 
11,476 
15,498 

619,314 


189 
189 
378 
189 
189 
568 












4 
4 
7 
11 
9 
6 
13 
13 
10 

111 


2,771 
2,677 
3,168 
3,416 
2,203 
1,953 
8,476 
0,798 
4,. 519 

50,056 


5 
9 
8 
12 
10 
6 
13 
17 
10 

131 




1 




1 





1 












































1 








189 
1,877 








27 


27 










142 
154 
156 
139 
140 
203 
213 
267 
193 
103 

685 


128,963 
139,622 
179,593 
155,536 
109,157 
247,9.57 
179,293 
260,873 
248,971 
196,164 

681,447 


131 
146 
145 
136 
131 
196 
192 
251 
183 
148 

634 


125,259 
135,312 
177,074 
154,748 
102,470 
240,147 
171,791 
255,266 
246,632 
187,376 

664,603 


11 
8 
11 
3 
9 
7 
21 
16 
10 
15 

31 


3,704 
4,310 
2,521 
788 
6,687 
7,810 
7,502 
5,607 
2,339 
8,788 

16,844 


50,181 
54,016 
62,748 
48,311 
42,503 
71,634 
61.207 
103,421 
70,232 
50,938 

272,349 


50,181 
54,016 
62,748 
48,311 
41,752 
70,883 
60,832 
103,421 
70,232 
50,938 

272,349 




11 

8 
14 

3 
13 

7 
28 
19 
12 
16 

59 


1 


4 
6 


1 
C 
5 
4 
6 
























731 
7.51 
375 










3 

1 


3 

1 




1887 










1889 




1 


1 




















1880 . . .. 


36 
61 
69 
73 
68 
81 
94 
77 
63 
61 

. 2,440 


30,2:32 
79,389 
89,946 
73,919 
73,673 
74,820 
95,540 
82,103 
36,5.30 
45,291 

2,283,480 


34 
59 
67 

74 
63 
78 
90 
76 
58 
53 

1,827 


28,697 
78,155 
89,196 
71,119 
69,349 
73,584 
93,929 
81,905 
33,428 
43,241 

1,317,418 


2 

2 

1 
3 
3 
4 
1 
5 
8 

613 


1,535 
1,234 

750 
2,800 
4,326 
1,236 
1,611 

200 
1,102 
2,050 

971,002 


8,609 
27,354 
30,980 
3-1,409 
35,012 
30,-326 
32,030 
32,714 
24,704 
13,591 

297,4-38 


8,609 
27,a54 
30,980 
34,409 
35,012 
30,-326 
32,650 
32,714 
24,704 
15,591 

281,369 




7 
2 
2 

12 
9 
3 
6 
1 
7 

10 

739 








1881 
















1 


1883 














::;;:::::::: ::::"": 


1883 




















1887 




















1889 












16,069 


3 


4 








1880 


169 
195 
228 
186 
165 
192 
384 
299 
214 
408 

1,444 


107,022 
133,891 
127,167 
120,502 
156,584 
109,859 
294,974 
675,829 
149,053 
393,539 

1,439,172 


129 
160 
185 
350 
132 
161 
324 
213 
121 
250 

1,341 


82,222 
1.30,463 
103,823 

85,946 
128,509 

86,151 
242,759 
202,297 

86,087 
169,161 

1,-361,099 


40 
35 
43 
36 
33 
31 
60 
84 
93 
158 

103 


24,800 
23,428 
23,344 
34,616 
28,075 
23,708 
32,215 

473,532 
62,966 

224,378 

78,073 


19,623 
31,3-31 
30,786 
20,370 
29,742 
27,269 
35,833 
31,851 
13,875 
34,338 

385,988 


19,281 
30,867 
29,077 
19,202 
28,545 
20,927 
54,124 
29,438 
13,311 
30,577 

374,451 


342 
684 
1,709 
1,368 
1,197 
342 
1,709 
2,393 
2.504 
3,761 

11,537 


50 
53 
57 
48 
36 

79 
94 
98 
183 

344 


1 
1 


1 
1 

1 




18SI 








1883 




1&S4 






1885 .... 


1 


1 




1886 




1SS7 








1888 








1889 
























1880 


88 
93 
116 
95 
136 
138 
169 
213 
172 
222 


107,240 
101,887 
205,933 

86,443 
146,208 

88,269 
184,280 
225,432 
142,751 
150,729 


69 
91 
107 
88 
124 
130 
. 160 
209 
163 
201 


91,623 

97,906 
200,226 

83,478 
137,293 

84,702 
176,690 
223,404 
135,688 
130,087 


19 
4 
9 
7 

12 
8 
9 
4 

10 

21 


15,615 
3,981 
5,707 
2,905 
8,915 
3,567 
7,590 
2,028 
7,063 

20,042 


25,471 
24,849 
46,623 
26,237 
35,638 
33,376 
39,693 
64,086 
47,304 
42,689 


24.894 
23,695 
45.758 
24,526 
34,196 
32,511 
38,253 
62,355 
47,016 
41,247 


577 
1,154 

865 
1,731 
1,442 

805 
1,442 
1,731 

288 
1,442 


75 
50 
34 
21 

36 
24 
6 

27 
49 








1881 








1882 








188;3 








1884 








1883 








188G 








1887 








1888 








1889 









REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD. 23 

Table I.—AIjABAMA— NUMBER AND AMOUNT OF REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD, ETC.— Continued. 





HOKTGAGES STATIKG AMOUNT OF I.EBT. 




NUMBEK OF 

LOTS 
MOETGAGED. 


NUMBER OP MOBT- 


COUNTIES AND 
YEARS. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 




AMOUNT OF DEBT. 




Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 


On 
lots. 


Marion (a) 


2U 


©8,216 


206 


555,443 


5 


S2,773 


38,418 


36,358 


2,050 


15 










1 
1 
3 
6 
8 
17 
11 
34 
66 
64 

656 


216 
3,916 

320 
2,308 
1,974 
4,199 
3,082 
4,827 
15,208 
22,160 

438,416 


1 

1 
3 
6 
8 
17 
11 
33 
64 
62 

589 


216 
3,916 
325 
2,308 
1,974 
4,199 
3,082 
4,516 
14,196 
20,710 

416,158 






240 
640 
714 
1,277 
1,462 
3,407 
2,277 
4,547 
12,979 
10,875 

81,575 


240 
640 
714 
1,090 
1,275 
3,220 
2,090 
4, .300 
12,004 
10,125 

79,110 






















. 
















. .. 












187 
187 
187 
187 
187 
375 
750 

2,450 




1 






1884 


























i-°°z 














i'^zli 


1 
2 

67 


311 
1,012 
1,450 

22,258 


1 

8 
bo 








i^Q 








7?^ 










8 


8 










24 
39 
30 
37 
42 
68 
60 
74 
173 
111 

1,730 


6,137 
25,887 
17,517 
40,826 
21,029 
32,210 
24,602 
36,498 
190,475 
43,235 

2,311,799 


24 
38 
30 
28 
39 
58 
57 
67 
153 
95 

318 


6,137 
25,187 
17,517 
36,811 
20,129 
27,775 
24,369 
34,543 
185,060 
38,630 

456,123 






2,862 
6,996 
5,165 
4,702 
4,443 
6,4.39 
7,186 
8,981 
23,543 
11,199 

121,049 


2,725 
6,990 
5,028 
4,702 
4,170 
5,029 
5,913 
8,844 
22,723 
10,926 

114,578 


137 










q-^^ 


1 


70O 


1 








r'rr^"* 


1j7 








^rrr 


9 
3 
8 
3 
7 
20 
16 

1,412 


4,015 
900 
4,435 
233 
1,955 
5,415 
4,605 

1,855,576 


U 

4 
10 
3 

26 
23 

2,318 








frzT 


273 
410 
273 
137 
820 
273 

6,471 








r-rx^ 










1 
3 


1 
3 














1 
2 


4 




Mobile 


2 




145 
112 
121 
166 
188 
196 
172 
206 
181 
243 

1,694 


190,310 
150,386 
138,487 
288,717 
313,015 
260,085 
209,612 
247,651 
221,181 
291,752. 

642,041 


24 
21 
34 
33 
35 
48 
21 
28 
.36 
34 

1,683 


52,483 
24,515 
24,442 
44,119 
33,971 
84,104 
28,931 
19,510 
77,208 
06,839 

638,859 


121 
91 
87 
133 
152 
148 
148 
178 
145 
209 

11 


137,827 
125,870 
114,015 
244,598 
279,644 
175,981 
180,681 
228,141 
143,976 
224,913 

3,182 


17,439 
4,874 
9,527 
6,411 
5,770 
27,-537 
11 ,780 
5,043 
19,529 
13,139 

324,917 


17,058 
4,493 
8,766 
5,650 
5,770 
25,014 
11,019 
3,901 
18,708 
13,139 

315,565 


381 
381 
751 
761 


235 
127 
160 
204 
310 
219 
284 
257 
231 
280 

65 








~^: 








r^r^^ 










1 




1 










1,523 
761 

1,142 
761 


1 




1 








i"~°2 








r-^r^ 








frrr 










9,352 


















121 
116 
144 
147 
168 
169 
199 
191 
212 
227 

3,938 


37,051 
59,500 
43,933 
39,017 
71,608 
70,.594 
93,996 
75,594 
74,948 
74,810 

5,101,240 


121 
116 
144 
146 
168 
166 
199 
189 
209 
225 

1,955 


37,051 
59,.500 
43,933 
39,857 
71,698 
70,108 
93,996 
75,359 
73,1.37 
74,210 

2,326,854 






20,257 
25,553 
28,810 
32,069 
35,525 
29,857 
49,682 
31,045 
36,382 
35,137 

611,416 


18,893 
25,263 
28,420 
31,679 
34,551 
28,773 
48,318 
29,487 
35,408 
3-1,773 

610,770 


1,304 
.390 
390 
390 
974 
584 

1,364 

1,558 
974 

1,364 

646 






































r^f 


1 


50 


4 


















3 


486 


14 


















3 
1,983 


1,811 
600 

2,8-31,386 


4 
28 
15 

3,271 








i"?zi 








I^Q^ 










3 


1 ^ 


1 








211 
255 
286 
395 
370 
461 
513 
546 
475 
396 

2,264 


279,055 
270,530 
30-1,799 
382,443 
421,887 
590,535 
&31,034 
728,731 
687,905 
592,3(» 

2,645,581 


111 
179 
194 
199 
183 
195 
256 
279 
183 
176 

1,209 


111,882 
191,099 
258,085 
176,416 
193,058 
206,452 
389,041 
298,229 
231,428 
271,154 

1,387,396 


lOO 
75 
92 
196 
187 
255 
287 
257 
292 
220 

1,055 


157,183 
»5,437 
106,714 
206,027 
228,829 
390,08:3 
441,993 
4.30,502 
456,477 
321,141 

1,258,185 


27,302 
61,407 
63,195 
53,8-18 
48,649 
59,559 
82,713 
93,559 
70,478 
50,705 

135,904 


27,302 
61,407 
53,195 
53,848 
48,049 
59,559 
82,713 
93,559 
70,478 
50,060 

134,053 




142 
110 
135 
291 
274 
450 
489 
381 
537 
452 

1,586 




























:r?rX 










1^^ 










f^zr 










^?^ 










i?5r 














3 


2 


1 




646 
2,851 






1 




1 










49 
98 
111 
105 
123 
207 
197 
630 
456 
288 

1,751 


16,127 
33,790 
52,573 
46,745 
37,113 
65,807 
66,8-12 
835,697 
766,003 
724,284 

1,444,700 


39 
S3 
88 
79 
100 
177 
161 
167 
171 
114 

1,552 


14,426 
■ 28,306 
.35,254 
26,072 
30,776 
48,209 
49,809 
142,908 
503,605 
507,371 

1,213,244 


10 
15 
23 
25 
23 
.30 
.36 
46:3 
285 
144 

199 


1,701 
5,484 
17,319 
20,073 
6,337 
17,598 
16,973 
692,789 
262,998 
216,913 

201,456 


4,198 
9,052 
10,944 
7,934 
11,2.32 
18,373 
19,904 
17,401 
21,554 
10,212 

441,218 


4,084 
8,824 
10,830 
7,820 
10,319 
18,115 
19,562 
17,287 
21,312 
15,870 

438,079 


114 
228 
114 
114 
913 
228 
3-42 
114 
3-12 
342 

3,139 


11 
35 
40 
53 
41 
54 
59 
665 
367 
249 

250 








1^^^ 








rrr,j 








~^;^ 




1 


1884 














^rr^ 








^^^ 










1 




1 










12 


31 


I 








141 
180 
189 
130 
117 
151 
168 
239 
230 
200 

1,477 


89,084 
157,811 
200,408 
102,770 
105,470 
107,302 
138,742 
213,014 
158,744 
171,432 

463,492 


121 
161 
180 
119 
105 
136 
151 
206 
205 
167 

1,458 


70,281 
134,689 
185,713 
86.749 
81,589 
98,362 
128,158 
193,161 
142,092 
122,447 

455,485 


20 
19 
9 
17 
11 
15 
17 
33 
25 
33 

19 


18,803 
23,1.55 
14,755 
16,021 
23,881 
8,7-40 
10,584 
19,880 
16,652 
48,985 

8,006 


31,315 
48, .533 
00,704 
34,978 
84,048 
35,799 
41,581 
59,788 
.50,727 
43,085 

207,885 


31,315 
48,533 
50,479 
34,693 
34,077 
35,228 
41,581 
59,217 
50,727 
42,229 

260,489 




23 
25 
19 

n 

17 
17 
38 
35 
43 

35 












1 
2 


1 
2 
2 






285 
285 
571 
571 




188.3 






2 


3 










571 






1 

1 


i ' 


1 




850 
7,395 




Pickens 






95 
121 
131 
123 
139 
139 
106 
ICO 
197 
206 


29,441 
33,609 
45,434 
44,581 
34,768 
39,494 
52,527 
47,103 
68,0.34 
78,498 


92 
121 
128 
121 
1.39 
137 
102 
IGO 
192 
206 


28,446 
33,609 
43,958 
41,364 
34,758 
39,384 
51 ,915 
47,103 
55,410 
78,498 


3 


995 


16,025 
23,305 
23,093 
23,778 
25,285 
25,405 
29,668 
28, .581 
31 ,004 
41,680 


15,655 
22, .565 
22,538 
22,854 
25,101 
21,910 
28,559 
27,841 
30,080 
40,385 


370 
740 
5.55 
921 
185 

1,109 
740 
924 

1,294 


3 


















3 
2 


1,476 
3,220 


32 
3 




1 




^x2o 




! 














2 
4 


110 
Oil 


1 












1 








1 






5 


1,594 


10 




1 




1S89.; 




1 





I Records destroyed by fire March 30, 1887 ; partly restored. 



24 FAEMS, HOLIES, AND MORTGAGES. 

Table l.—AIiABAMA— NUMBER AND AMOUNT OF REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD, ETC.— Continued. 



1887.. 
1S8S.. 
1889.. 



1881.. 
1882.. 
188.3.. 
1884.. 
1885.. 
1886.. 
1887.. 



1880.. 
1881.. 
1882.. 
1883.. 
1884.. 
1885.. 



1887 

1888 

1889 

Saint Olalr.. 



1887.. 
1888.. 
1889.. 



1884. 
1885.. 
1886.. 
1887.. 



1881.. 
1882.. 
1883.. 
1884.. 
1885.. 
1886.. 
1887.. 



1884.. 
1885.. 
1886.. 
1887.. 



MORTGAGES STATIKG AMOUNT OF DEBT. 



Number. Amount. 



§1,423,841 



20,299 
34,309 
57,.?58 
106,154 
155,248 
198,770 
153,992 
286,892 
187,258 
223,561 

195,855 



Number. Amount. 



15,366 
43,709 
9,710 
8,502 
10,757 
28,101 
20,307 
16,511 
31,903 

680,419 



19,416 
38,687 
63,578 
51,431 
67,629 
84,270 
117,856 
93,512 
49,641 
94,399 

740,222 



12,906 
144,724 
45,659 
60,094 
109,020 
40,865 
44,534 
117,278 
132,713 
32,429 



36,892 
92,774 

123,293 
82,421 

177,884 
90,305 
84,394 

465,545 
61,810 

532,222 

672,606 



20,209 
33,871 
51,795 
94,353 
148,530 
175,088 
147,333 
280,744 
182,563 
205,653 

185,779 



4,989 
9,064 
43,137 
9,605 
8,502 
10,757 
27,558 
26,307 
10,511 
29,349 

629,148 



19,116 
37,123 
56,383 
47,116 
66,707 
79,329 
106,380 
89,909 
43,954 
83,131 

706,988 



Number. Amount. 



SS3,042 



5,503 
11,801 
6,718 
23,082 
6,659 
0,148 
4,095 
17,908 

10,076 



NTJMBER OF ACEES MORTGAGED. 



418,846 



7,157 
11,042 
19,149 
31,010 
40,115 
55,452 
56,584 
80,921 
50,897 
57,519 

80,044 



Stated. Estimated. 



418,468 



7,157 
11,042 
19,149 
31,010 
40,115 
55,263 
56,584 
80,921 
59,708 
57,519 

79,169 



2,554 
51,271 



1,564 
7,195 
4,315 
922 
4,941 

11,476 
3,603 
5,687 

11,268 

33,234 



30,867 
61,677 
59,285 
87,186 
49,647 
47,090 
83,792 
92,053 
77,939 
83,070 

897,801 



40,046 
92; 491 
54,030 
48,677 
44,462 
96,368 
114,747 
159,427 
113,043 
134,620 

803,872 



22,035 
51,928 
72,542 
69,403 
65,109 
57,654 
117,373 
140,211 
122,263 
85,294 



11,622 
142,490 
43,754 
59,524 
105,272 
34,105 
41,830 
109,095 
130,579 
28,097 



36,517 
87,594 

111,. 546 
81,002 

172,529 
82,353 
77,346 

454,801 
57,723 

527,626 

637,298 



26,598 
59,811 
57,725 
82,274 
44,839 
42,584 
81,382 
86,329 
77,466 
78,290 

697,368 



36,977 
91,042 
50,839 
41,224 
23,652 
85,906 
96,1.53 
112,856 
84,667 
74,052 

781,282 



51,583 
72,123 
68,055 
63,314 
55,449 
114,069 
133,113 
120,398 
81,143 



1,284 
2,234 
1,905 



375 
5,180 

11,747 
1,.329 
5,355 
7,952 
7,0-18 

10,684 
4,087 
4,596 

35,308 



4,269 
1,866 
1,560 
4,912 
4,808 
4,506 
2,410 
5,724 



200,493 



3,647 
4,601 
8,911 
5,386 
4,531 
5,974 
13,203 
13,818 
7,819 
12,154 

222,018 



8,803 
8,634 
24,056 
17,319 
25,379 
28,075 
30,803 
33,454 
13,406 



109,091 



5,159 
16,072 
10,386 

6,900 

8,430 
11,509 
17,020 
13,224 
12,739 

7,652 

316,026 



14,4.35 
18,765 
32, .573 
25,697 
33,745 
36,955 
28,.593 
55,273 
17,922 
52,008 

224,023 



3,647 
4,476 
8,061 
5,261 
4,531 
5,724 
13,203 
13,818 
7,819 
13,029 



7,159 
24,056 
16,975 
24,348 
28,675 
30,863 
33,454 
13,496 
30,839 

94,050 



NXI3IBEII OF 

LOTS 
MORTGAGED. 



15,041 



5,517 
7,047 
9,261 
15,464 
11,668 
11,702 
5,577 

305,181 



3,069 
1,449 
3,241 
7,453 
20,810 
10,302 
18,594 
46,571 



15,414 
24,363 
13,073 
16,877 
18,894 
&3,0.3S 



l.U,175 



6,771 
6,971 
12,205 
9,564 
9,362 
21,489 
22,6.50 
15,080 
22,006 
14,417 

327,886 



13,859 
21,885 
34,118 
24,533 
26,001 
26,142 
48,276 
55,579 
44,418 
32,975 



14,435 
18,765 
32,573 
25,193 
33,241 
35,189 
27,584 
53,003 
15,148 
50,050 

212,876 



11,033 
10,768 
14,671 
23,991 
12,930 
15,391 
17,408 
31,923 
32,640 
36,121 

92,055 



3,767 
4,497 
7,081 
4,970 
6,358 
15,305 
16,466 
8,%6 
10,765 
7,880 

826,233 



13,959 
21,735 
.33,968 
24,232 
26,001 
25,992 
48,126 
55,579 
44,418 
32,223 



1,037 
1,210 
1,556 
1,383 
1,383 
2,248 
1,556 
1,556 
1,037 
2,075 



504 
504 
1,766 
1,009 
2,270 
2,774 
2,018 

11,147 



1,115 
2,601 
2,229 

49,120 



3,004 
2,474 
5,124 
4,594 
3,004 
0,184 
0,184 
0,714 



NUMBER OF MORT- 
GAGES NOT STATING 
AMOUNT OF DEBT. 



1, 1 

3 "s 



REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD. 25 

Table 1.— ALABAMA— NUMBEE AND AMOUNT OF REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON EECOED, ETC.— Continued. 





MOKTGAGES STATING AMOUNT OF DEBT. 




NTJMEER OF 

LOTS 
MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OF MORT- 
GAGES NOT STATING 
AMOUNT OF DEBT. 


COrNTIES AND 
YEAES. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 






Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 
acres. 


On 

lots. 


Tuscaloosa 


2,403 


?2,152,035 


1,820 


$1,715,816 


583 


S436,219 


330,523 


377,303 


13,220 


1,230 











85 
113 
174 
191 
240 
251 
226 
S38 
319 
467 

653 


43,827 
40,439 

103,001 
63,646 
82,405 

124,922 

80,466 

1,100,849 

292,225 

217,195 

1,379,693 


60 
95 
149 
16S 
194 
220 
192 
207 
195 
340 

579 


25,351 
34,359 
83,402 
48,710 
53,311 
96,956 
63,422 
958,643 
193,899 
152,763 

1,345,566 


25 

17 
25 
23 
46 
31 
34 
131 
124 
127 

74 


18,476 
6,080 
14,659 
17,936 
29,094 
27,966 
17,044 
142,206 
93,326 
64,432 

34,126 


8,658 
15,088 
27,979 
27,326 
27,061 
36,457 
31,492 
97,486 
62,003 
56,313 

182,080 


7,358 
15,471 
25,373 
26,026 
26,.S44 
35,590 
30,842 
95,319 
60,979 
53,496 

171,161 


1,300 

217 

2,601 

1,300 

217 

867 

650 

2,167 

1,084 

2,817 

11,519 


54 
23 
50 
45 
106 
66 
59 
366 
250 
211 

188 
























18S3 








































































21 
55 
58 
4.3 
41 
81 
67 
64 
74 
149 

173 


2,636 
10,532 
18,003 
21,352 
66,035 
71,199 

189,273 
23,161 

906,219 
66,282 

143,040 


21 
54 
56 
43 
40 
70 
63 
61 
61 
110 

170 


2,636 
10,048 
17,153 
21,352 
65,765 
67,568 

188,098 
27,083 

901,918 
43,945 

140,559 






3,000 
7,769 
7,487 
8,429 
7,022 
11,457 
23,616 
9,294 
90,545 
14,061 

61,607 


2,360 
7,449 
6,527 
6,829 
6,702 
9,857 
22,656 
8,014 
88,306 
12,461 

61,607 


640 

320 

960 

1,600 

320 

1,600 

960 

1,280 

2,239 

1,600 












1 
2 


484 
850 


2 


























1 

11 
4 
3 
13 
39 

3 


270 
3,631 
1,175 
1,078 
4,301 
22,337 

2,481 


1 
91 
6 
3 
19 
64 

5 
























































\\ asiiington 












12 
16 
11 
15 
19 
21 
26 
20 
16 
17 

1,296 


3,.577 
5,0.36 
6,894 
4,288 
64,400 
23,057 
15,537 
6,962 
5,3.51 
7,938 

1,023,890 


12 
16 
11 
15 
18 
20 
26 
20 
15 
17 

1,207 


3,5T7 
5,036 
6,894 
4,288 
63,200 
21,857 
15,537 
6,962 
5,270 
7,938 

971 ,593 


1 


4,344 
4,839 
5,746 
3,455 

12,285 
9,000 

10,142 
4,861 
4,394 
2,541 

368,841 


4,344 
4,839 
5,746 
3,455 

12,285 
9,000 

10,142 
4,801 
4,394 
2,541 

368,231 














■ 














































1 
1 


1,200 
1,200 




1 
3 














































1 


81 




1 




















89 


52,297 


610 


108 


10 


10 










48 
90 
141 
108 
133 
138 
162 
145 
150 
181 

203 


41,456 
58,017 
106,773 
113,169 
84,178 
88, .879 
136, .574 
131,825 
132,076 
130,943 

52,440 


43 
78 
130 
101 
126 
134 
147 
141 
138 
109 

199 


39,424 
51,304 
99,155 
109,101 
82,512 
87,340 
130,828 
127,200 
121,183 
123,546 

50,489 


5 
12 
11 

7 

4 
15 

4 
12 
12 

6 


2,032 
6,713 
7,618 
4,068 
1,666 
1,539 
5,746 
4,625 
10,893 
7,397 

1,951 


14,842 
22,322 
42,565 
36,808 
35,872 
35,087 
49,070 
45,035 
46,540 
40,700 

36,895 


14,842 
22,322 
42,565 
36,503 
35,872 
35,087 
49,070 
44,730 
46,540 
40,700 

35,591 




5 

20 
16 

7 
7 
4 
16 

13 
13 

32 


2 


2 














1 

1 

1 
1 
1 


1 
1 

i 

1 

1 






305 






















305 












1 


1 






1,304 














13 

19 
10 
17 
S3 
29 
18 
24 
35 


1,853 
1,290 
3,4.34 
4,001 
3,0.86 
9,520 
5,800 
1,848 
15,218 
6,300 


13 

18 
10 
16 
32 
29 
17 
23 
34 


1,853 
1,290 
3,359 
4,001 
3,011 
9,081 
5,890 
1,836 
15,068 
5.10O 






1,986 
1,340 
4,153 
1,642 
2,873 
6,806 
5,235 
2,732 
5,713 
4,415 


1,986 
1,340 
4,153 
1,456 
2,873 
6,433 
4,862 
2,546 
5,713 
4,229 






























1 


75 




5 










186 










1 

1 


75 
439 


7 
8 










373 
186 


















1 

1 
1 


12 

150 

1.200 


5 
5 


















186 

















26 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 



Table 1.— IOWA— SUMMARY BY YEAES OF NUMBEK AND AMOUNT OF EEAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD 

AND NUMBER OF ACRES AND LOTS COVERED. 
[These mortgages do not represent the total debt in force, as many have been paid.] 





MOETGAGES STATING AMOUNT OF DEBT. 








HUMEEE OF 

LOTS 
MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OF MOKT- 


YEAllS. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 




AMOUKT OF DEBT. 




Nmnbcr. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 


On 

lots. 




497,710 


8431,288,542 


340,695 


8324,484,031 


157,015 


$106,804,511 


32,027,928 


31,950,285 


677,643 


292,097 


279 


174 


105 






38,928 
44,887 
54,030 
53,383 
51,577 
50,400 
49,936 
50,708 
49,979 
53,882 


28,905,447 
33,659,051 
44,731,618 
46,729,953 
45,575,627 
42,716,331 
43,009,771 
40,851,309 
46,217,065 
50,902,370 


28,354 
31,986 
33,689 
37,626 
36,509 
34,988 
34,268 
32,949 
31,460 
33,866 


22,476,706 
28,077,715 
35,839,425 
36,689,121 
35,506,976 
33,018,627 
32,841,301 
33,315,575 
31,955,121 
34,763,374 


10,574 
12,901 
15,341 
15,757 
15,068 
15,412 
15,668 
17,759 
18,519 
20,016 


6,428,651 
7,581,330 
8,882,193 
10,040,832 
10,068,651 
9,697,704 
10,168,470 
13,535,734 
14,261,944 
16,133,996 


2,672,668 
3,059,312 
3,759,211 
3,653,394 
3,519,141 
3,333,725 
3,262,175 
3,141,173 
2,986,697 
3,240,432 


2,011,136 
2,993,861 
3,683,760 
3,570,047 
3,450,447 
3,265,214 
3,198,235 
3,078,542 
2,925,370 
3,173,073 


61,532 
05,451 
75,451 
83,347 
68,094 
68,511 
03,940 
62,031 
61,327 
66,759 


18,010 
21,289 
24,949 
26,670 
26,189 
20,512 
27,108 
37,014 
46,377 
37,317 


40 

48 
49 

12 
10 
25 
12 
10 
15 


24 
28 

:7 
7 
7 

24 
9 

13 

10 


10 
CO 
24 










't 


1885 


3 




1887 


3 
3 
5 









NUMBER AND AMOUNT OF REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD AND NUMBER OF ACRES AND LOTS 

COVERED, BY COUNTIES AND YEARS. 





MORTGAGES STATING AMOUNT OP DEBT. 








NUMBER OP 

LOTS 
MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OF MOET- 


COUNTIES AND 
YEAKS. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 




AMOUNT OF DEBT. 




Number 


Amount. 


Number 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 
acres. 


On 

lots. 




5,532 


$4,264,408 


4,637 


$3,967,334 


875 


$297,074 


468,196 


460,146 


8,030 


1,629 


12 


1 ^^ 






" 


1880 


463 
714 
771 
707 
584 
477 
436 
449 
445 
466 

3,793 


290,148 
482,945 
554,528 
552,894 
455,901 
380,150 
364,170 
407,004 
376,046 
400,622 

2,988,051 


333 
587 
625 
383 
514 
423 
388 
391 
394 
397 

3,101 


257,019 
442,376 
508,280 
506,513 
433,168 
360,516 
339,634 
387,737 
363,513 
369,578 

3,049,265 


110 
127 
146 
122 
70 
5t 
68 
38 
51 
69 

692 


33,129 
40,-309 
46,248 
46,. 381 
22,733 
19,0.34 
24,336 
19,267 
13,. 533 
31,044 

338,786 


33,741, 
57,166 
62,690 
01,800 
51,072 
38,758 
37,944 
40,811 
37,960 
43,588 

319,731 


35,317 
55,895 
61.631 
60.907 
50,719 
38,123 
37,308 
.39,858 
37,225 
43,104 

317,230 


424 
1,271 
1,059 
953 
953 
6.30' 
636 
953 
741 
424 

2,501 


180 

219 
255 
319 
104 
122 
186 
110 
92 
142 

1,672 


1 


j 1 




1881 




1882 


1 
3 

1 

4 








1 
4 




1884 




1885 




1886...- 




1887 




1888 




] 


1889 




1 




2 


1 2 








1880 


312 
408 
550 
501 
454 
351 
340 
325 
254 
298 

2,927 


211,305 
299,112 
459,035 
390,338 
360,324 
266,142 
239,793 
296,157 
201,155 
244,690 

2,032,541 


251 
310 
457 
417 
376 
285 
282 
273 
210 
240 

2,362 


174,170 
256,313 
409,050 
356,286 
312,408 
236,257 
233,289 
266,986 
182,383 
223,124 

1.732,804 


61 
98 
93 
84 
78 
66 
58 
52 
44 
58 

565 


37,135 
42, MO 
49,985 
34,052 
47,916 
29,885 
27,504 
29,171 
18,772 
21,366 

299,737 


24,480 
32,195 
50,150 
43,425 
37,301 
28,448 
27,472 
29,687 
31,024 
35,539 

237,337 


23,760 
31,074 
49,943 
43,331 
37, .301 
28,448 
27.055 
29,374 
20,920 
25,435 

237,337 


730 
521 
208 
104 


218 
154 
177 
339 
143 
119 
100 
85 
228 
110 

603 




1 1 


1881 




1 1 


1882 




1 1 


1883 




1 1 


1884 




1 1 


1885 








1886 


417 

313 

104 

• 104 


1 
1 


1 
1 




1887 




1888 




1889 




1 1 


Allamakee 




1 










1880 


336 
330 
321 
294 
285 
■282 
294 
261 
270 
234 

3,509 


233,463 
221,391 
238,201 
180,626 
189,515 
188,181 
203,254 
182,269 
176,100 
217,541 

2,046,652 


269 
278 
261 
224 
237 
23S 
234 
212 
213 
199 

2,420 


191,486 
192,458 
195,041 
151,440 
171,336 
163,733 
173,766 
150,931 
149,954 
192,059 

1,609,385 


67 
33 
60 
70 
48 
47 
60 
49 
57 
55 

1,089 


41,977 
28,933 
43,360 
29,186 
18,179 
24,448 
31,488 
31,338 
26,146 
23,482 

437,267 


30,480 
28,286 
27,018 
20,864 
23,441 
22,1.52 
24,764 
18,867 
20,689 
20,776 

215,708 


30,480 
28,286 
27,018 
20,864 
23,441 
22,152 
24,704 
18,867 
20,689 
20,776 

213,805 




58 
04 
74 
48 
46 
66 
38 
60 
37 

1,707 




1 


1881 










1882 








1883 








1884 








1885 








1886 








1887 








1888 






1 


1889 




■ 




Appanoose 


1,903 


3 


3 


1880 


288 
284 
376 
419 
356 
378 
369 
328 
317 
394 

5,657 


178,227 
181,129 
211,574 
- 258,137 
206,659 
205,803 
203,681 
168,852 
179,531 
253,079 

4,106,400 


230 
243 
239 
284 
240 
250 
254 
214 
204 
262 

4,980 


139,930 
164,812 
155,!595 
194,965 
166,832 
162,833 
135,559 
126,078 
144,962 
197,799 

3,849,360 


58 
41 
137 
135 
116 
128 
115 
114 
113 
133 

677 


38,297 
16,317 
35,979 
63,102 
39,807 
42,970 
48,123 
42,774 
34,539 
35,280 

237,100 


19,885 
21,147 
18,787 
26,987 
21,120 
22,322 
22,677 
17,909 
19,142 
25,732 

408,723 


19,704 
21,050 
18,787 
26,896 
21,120 
22,231 
22,677 
17,637 
. 18,689 
25,008 

400,883 


181 
91 


138 
82 
203 
216 
200 
206 
106 
150 
176 
230 

1,078 


2 


2 




1881 




1882 


1 


1 




1883 


91 




1884 






1885 


91 






1886 






1887 


■272 
453 
724 

1,840 






1888 


■ j, ■(• ■ ■ 


1889 








3 


3 ' 








1880 


- 573 
620 
695 
643 
559 
576 
4S5 
433 
524 
549 


327,949 
408,132 
496,069 
449,614 
422,670 
424,885 
346,706 
376,408 
395,409 


500 
536 
623 
569 
502 
516 
427 
■ 384 
443 


303,023 
378,592 
408,260 
421,685 
40, 703 
403,067 


73 
84 

74 
57 
60 


24,3£6 
29,340 
27,809 
27,929 
21,908 
21,218 
19,277 
18,171 
30,805 
30,117 


1 ^ J ^^^ 1 


184 

4G0 
270 
376 


100 
114 
110 
99 
103 
107 
93 
91 
145 
ICS 


1 


1 j 


1881 


46,712 
52,. 323 
47,720 
41,807 
38,559 
33,232 
33,488 
33,554 
36,919 


40,232 
52,049 
47,444 
41,807 
38,467 
..33,140 , 
33,396 




1882 






1883 






1884 






1885 


92 
92 
92 






1886 


1 

1 


1 

1 




1887 


358,237 49 
364,664 81 
422,441 69 




1888 




1889 


458,658 1 480 


36,643 276 I 








REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD. 27 

Table 1.— IOWA— NUMBEE AND AMOUNT OF EEAL ESTATE MOETGAGES PLACED ON EECOED, ETC.— Continued. 





MORTGAGES STATING AMOUNT OF DEBT. 


NUMBER OP ACRES MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OF 

LOTS 
MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OF MORT- 


COUKTraS AICD 
YEAES. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 






Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 
acres. 


On 
lots. 




5,089 


85,219,931 


3,924 


84,637,593 


1,165 


8562,338 


348,689 


343,724 


4,965 


1,802 


7 





1 








515 
563 
020 
501 
471 
458 
446 
470 
W7 
472 

5,674 


440,394 
546,424 
640,1.30 
600,028 
534,683 
535,151 
450,122 
497,158 
491,663 
478,176 

5,057,930 


398 
427 
479 
407 
397 
384 
371 
367 
325 
309 

2,990 


390,020 
476,856 
571,671 
546,773 
498,473 
498,069 
423,621 
456,625 
399,227 
390,258 

3,330,452 


117 
136 
147 
94 

74 
74 
75 
103 
182 
163 

2,678 


50,374 
69,.568 
68,459 
53,255 
36,210 
37.082 
26,501 
40,.533 
92,438 
81,918 

1,727,478 


34,850 
36,184 
42,533 
41,577 
35,178 
34,575 
32,603 
34,070 
30,281 
26,838 

270,014 


34,363 
35,308 
41,754 
40,701 
34,789 
34,283 
32,408 
33,681 
30,086 
26,351 


487 
876 
779 
876 
389 
292 
195 
389 
195 
4S7 


184 
204 
228 
147 
114 
121 
101 
165 
273 
205 

3,908 


1 
2 


1 

1 






1 


18S2 































1 




4 


4 










242,798 1 27,216 




1 










581 
095 
052 
670 
604 
533 
463 
541 
451 
478 

0,178 


451,094 
613,111 
620.4-17 
045,591 
584,756 
453,718 
411,841 
5U,296 
378,123 
387,953 

4,480,545 


370 
423 
370 
421 

338 
237 
203 
250 
20O 
184 

4,266 


324,496 
436,783 
446,317 
481,884 
420,136' 
257,418 
247,207 
2%, 210 
200,160 
193,841 

3,621,270 


211 
272 
282 
235 
266 
296 
260 
291 
251 
294 

1,912 


126,598 
176,328 
174,130 
163,707 
1.58,620 
196,300 
164,634 
215,086 
157,963 
194,112 

859,275 


32,617 
as, 704 
34,079 
37,994 
32,505 
20,820 
18,243 
21,892 
10,646 
13.914 

372,372 


29,398 
34,705 
30,484 
33,604 
29,266 
19,064 
16,975 
20,234 
15,085 
13,'.i63 

362,954 


3,219 
3,999 
4,195 
4,390 
3,219 
1,756 
1,268 
1,658 
1,561 
1,951 

9,418 


309 
428 
455 
422 
381 
423 
387 
363 
331 
387 

3,047 




1 






1 






1 




























































3 


1 


2 








551 
514 
887 
688 
648 
590 
717 
592 
486 
505 

3,552 


363,064 
.313,882 
687,980 
472.940 
506,543 
400,338 
507,945 
410,404 
336,900 
419,949 

2,677,874 


420 
301 
709 
455 
416 
376 
483 
420 
297- 
329 

2,832 


295,045 
238,878 
619,009 
386,864 
381,219 
377,656 
408,553 
340,044 
247,532 
, 325,870 

2,333,588 


131 
153 
178 
233 
232 
214 
234 
172 
189 
176 

720 


68,019 
75,004 
68,971 
86,076 
125,324 
82,682 
99,392 
69.760 
89,368 
94,079 

344,285 


37,279 
28,683 
60.073 
39.977 
36,738 
35,029 
43,985 
35,451 
25,876 
29,381 

214,357 


36,645 
27,768 
58,805 
38,981 
36,104 
33,942 
42,536 
34,364 
25,152 
28,057 

188,237 


634 

815 

1,268 

996 

634 

1,087 

1,449 

1,087 

724 

724 

26,120 


203 
276 
248 
847 
401 
323 
370 
282 
287 
310 

1,163 


















2 


1 


1 










1 




1 




1 










1 
































1880 


362 
382 
389 
378 
368 
350 
369 
350 
292 
312 

4,.582 


246,036 
280,208 
292,361 
301,001 
275,200 
254,505 
260,774 
254,044 
248,034 
259,703 

3,791,915 


299 
299 
305 
301 
290 
277 
297 
285 
233 
246 

3,578 


221,989 
242,092 
250,300 
235,313 
2.37,889 
219,958 
239,396 
229,902 
207,825 
228,324 

3,194,104 


03 
83 
84 
77 
78 
73 
72 
05 
59 
66 

1,004 


24,047 
37,516 
42,001 
45,688 
37,317 
34,547 
27,378 
24,142 
40,209 
31,381 

597,751 


23,800 
21,971 
23,717 
23,961 
23,233 
20,107 
21,544 
18,937 
17,199 
19,888 

330,095 


20,722 
19,559 
21,055 
21,715 
20,571 
17,778 
18,633 
15,859 
15,119 
17,226 

325,609 


3,078 
2,412 
2,662 
2,246 
2,662 
2,329 
2,911 
3,078 
2,080 
2,602 

10,486 


93 
117 
132 
134 
136 
128 
137 
90 
98 
98 

2,003 






























1 






1 




































1 




1 










502 
497 
5S6 
520 
425 
425 
393 
430 
385 
419 

6,233 


332,826 
414,850 
495, 1&3 
453,820 
427,880 
850,980 
303,428 
319,781 
329,144 
38-1,017 

4,451,614 


391 
405 
458 
412 
350 
337 
300 
323 
279 
323 

4,661 


277,519 
360,720 
427,841 
385,345 
336,273 
286,643 
257,851 
276,397 
281,552 
304,023 

3,782,928 


111 
92 
128 
108 
75 
88 
93 
107 
106 
96 

1,572 


55,307 
54,130 
67,342 
68,481 
91,607 
44,337 
45,577 
43,384 
47,592 
79,994 

668,686 


35,385 
40,541 
44,278 
39,578 
32,071 
29,095 
26,705 
30,393 
27,112 
30,337 

471,282 


34,405 
39,463 
43, 4M 
38,. 304 
30,797 
28,225 
25,823 
29,413 
26,818 
28,867 

469,623 


980 

1,078 

784 

1,274 

1,274 

1,470 

882 

980 

294 

1,470 

1,659 


242 
198 
245 
183 
148 
191 
164 
227 
189 
214 

2,254 



















1 





1 


1883 


















1886 
































2 


2 










385 
435 
068 
702 
619 
090 
071 
061 
640 
762 

4,073 


276,870 
276,143 
475,211 
478,224 
442,641 
436,914 
481,036 
473,938 
542,618 
568,019 

3,352,226 


321 
336 
507 
545 
482 
466 
469 
527 
478 
530 

3,170 


247,591 
231,973 
404,911 
415,349 
384,809 
347,593 
405,605 
419,471 
401,564 
464,002 

2,995,141 


64 
99 
161 
157 
137 
224 
202 
1.34 
162 
232 

897 


29,279 
44,170 
70,300 
62,875 
57,832 
89,321 
75,431 
54,467 
81,054 
103,957 

357,085 


37,032 
29,460 
40,827 
36,710 
.36,141 
36,528 
47,748 
70,108 
04,014 
72,114 

310,095 


37,032 
29,460 
40,444 
36,455 
36,013 
36,528 
47,748 
70,108 
64,104 
71,731 

251,153 




93 

138 
214 
231 
153 
293 
356 
180 
230 
366 

1,998 




















383 
255 
128 










2 


2 






































510 
383 

58,942 
















Butler 


14 


11 


3 








332 
325 
520 
427 
436 
460 
398 
455 
371 
349 

3,377 


203,620 
226,183 
414,895 
315, .534 
411,594 
378,183 
340,880 
453,.573 
326,751 
275,013 

2,502,599 


253 

247 
401 
325 
357 
364 
319 
301 
281 
268 

3,100 


108,175 
194,878 
356,023 
282,796 
381,266 
347,403 
309,034 
415,684 
290,799 
249,023 

2,397,009 


79 
78 
119 
102 
79 
96 
79 
94 
90 
81 

271 


35,445 
31,305 
58,872 
32,738 
30,328 
30,720 
37,846 
37,889 
35,952 
25,990 

104,990 


23,714 
24,008 
38,156 
30,131 
37,197 
35,824 
30,552 
30,724 
26,818 
26,971 

358,175 


17,933 
20,395 
31,343 
22,699 
30,900 
28,495 
23,120 
30,.324 
22,586 
23,338 

355,714 


5,781 
3,613 
0,813 
7,432 
6,297 
7,329 
7,432 
0,400 
4,232 
3,613 

2,461 


179 
218 
283 
217 
180 
190 
147 
223 
199 
163 

511 


4 


4 
2 




















1884 


3 
2 

1 


2 
1 
1 


1 


1885 

1886 


1 














1889 


2 
3 


1 


1 




1 








224 
250 
334 
591 
321 
170 
370 
237 
422 
429 


123,560 
122,588 
220,382 
444,976 

251, oas 

109,145 
320,475 
220,766 
356,488 
333,180 


220 
206 
280 
567 
307 
156 
.362 
225 
402 
375 


121,000 
112,912 
201,2.33 
437,787 
214,478 
104,367 
315,169 
205,823 
346, .';44 
308,236 


4 
44 
48 

14 
14 
14 
.32 
20 
54 


2,500 
9,676 

19,149 
7,189 
6,-555 
4,778 
5,306 

14,943 
9,944 

24,950 


24,174 
20,795 
32,441 
65,214 
37,878 
17,581 
43,472 
25,553 
40,458 
44,579 


24,057 
20,443 
32,207 
64,306 
37,175 
17,464 
43,472 
25,553 
46,458 
44,579 


117 
352 
234 
938 
7C3 
117 



67 

46 
27 
23 
40 
64 
40 
120 










2 
1 


1 
1 


1 


























1886 




























1889 











■28 FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 

Table 1.— IOWA— NUMBER AND AMOONT OF EEAL ESTATE M0ETGAGE3 PLACED ON RECORD, ETC.— Continued. 





MORTGAGES STATING AMOUNT OF DEBT. 


NUMBER OF ACRES MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OF 

LOTS 
MORTGAGED 


NUMBER OF MORT- 
GAGES NOT STATING 


- COUNTIES AND 
YEARS. 


Total. 


On 


acres. 


On lots. 


AMOUNT OF DEBT. 


Total. 


On 

acres. 






Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


On 
lots. 




6,212 


$5,432,679 


.4,833 


84,704,711 


1,379 


8727,968 


528,478 


523,154 


5,324 


1,893 


















450 
571 
841 
804 
703 
041 
626 
482 
■ 522 
569 

7,039 


326,514 
455,805 
713,575 
706.KJ0 
593,809 
500,070 
506,006 
417,694 
521,805 
630,845 

6,446,310 


387 
498 
073 
612 
55-1 
435 
459 
354 
411 
424 

4,974 


284,369 
414,214 
623,516 
612,781 
519,413 
424,012 
444,035 
355,992 
474,979 
550,800 

5,292,989 


63 
73 
166 
192 
149 
185 
167 
128 
111 
145 

2,065 


42,145 
41,591 
90,059 
93,769 
74.396 
75,464 
121,971 
61,702 
46,826 
80,045 

1,153,321 


39,309 
52,783 
69,391 
65,637 
60,672 
49,592 
50,966 
39,897 
46,600 
53,631 

449,489 


35,289 
53,556 
69,278 
65,184 
60,115 
49,479 
50,060 
38,991 
45,694 
53,178 

443,919 


1,020 
227 
113 

453 
227 
113 
900 
900 
C06 
453 

6,540 


100 

105 
232 
231 
204 
213 
252 
179 
110 
201 

4,263 
































ISSl 










































1 


1 










650 
930 
999 
872 
717 
641 
580 
526 
509 
615 

4,627 


501,311 

775,884 
891,84S 
822,508 
692,315 
655,523 
566,048 
488,905 
463,886 
588,082 

5,905,086 


448 
593 
745 
639 
522 
477 
411 
355 
343 
441 

3,791 


414,953 
624,630 
759,331 
664,275 
516,367 
553,760 
466,269 
382,693 
382,854 
497,857 

5,648,780 


202 
337 
254 
233 
185 
164 
169 
171 
166 
174 

836 


86,358 
151,254 
132,517 
158,233 
145,948 
101,763 

99,779 
106,212 

81,032 

90,225 

356,306 


12,552 
56,530 
66,563 
55,871 
49,810 
40,389 
37,621 
29,502 
28,075 
36,526 

344,872 


43,350 
55,443 
65,658 
51,865 
18,532 
15,085 
37,319 
29,401 
27,572 
36,224 

337,608 


302 

1,107 

903 

1,006 

1,303 

704 

302 

101 

503 

302 

7,264 


399 
625 
497 
500 
509 
376 
322 
338 
362 
335 

1,127 




! 






1 






; 






1 













, 












1 


1 


















2 




2 








471 
477 
586 
501 
470 
445 
502 
415 
404 
356 

3,719 


554,434 
654,480 
777,200 
702,491 
674,606 
600,506 
491,703 
523,052 
435,494 
491,120 

2,755,725 


385 
400 
520 
415 
395 
367 
365 
354 
285 
305 

2,248 


515,562 
629,516 
748,911 
670.398 
647,069 
582,2-14 
158,803 
508,021 
111,611 
475,955 

2,011,037 


86 
77 
66 
86 
75 
78 

137 
61 

119 
51 

1,471 


38,872 
24,934 
28,259 
32,093 
26,937 
18,262 
32,900 
15,031 
23,853 
15,165 

744,688 


34,096 
37,115 
43,693 
40,138 
39,028 
36,803 
29,763 
29,697 
25,167 
29,372 

238,581 


33,444 
36,650 
41,923 
39,111 
38,097 
36,151 
29,017 
29,138 
21,981 
29,093 

231,596 


652 
466 
1,770 
1,021 
931 
652 
715 
559 
186 
279 

6,985 


130 
86 
71 
121 
103 
109 
204 
82 
1« 
60 

2,171 


1 




1 
















1 




1 










' 








1887 








1 






1 




3 


2 


1 








261 
250 
199 
323 
401 
431 
462 
491 
420 
481 

5,794 


178,461 
162,895 
129,389 
223,913 
320,281 
317,476 
342,276 
390,026 
343,132 
347,876 

4,685,086 


157 
82 
27 
140 
240 
302 
337 
347 
296 
320 

4,879 


140,367 
76,525 
35,337 
119,921 
221,069 
259,765 
284,106 
320,324 
280,509 
264,111 

4,223,119 


104 
168 
172 
183 
161 
129 
125 
111 
124 
101 

915 


38,094 
86,370 
94,052 
103,989 
96,212 
57,711 
58,170 
69,702 
56,623 
83,765 

161,967 


18,888 
9,496 
2,551 
14,721 
25,519 
31,981 
35,231 
35,159 
31,214 
33,788 

103,679 


18,888 
9,196 
2,551 
14,366 
24,957 
31,155 
34,284 
33,975 
30,030 
31,894 

402,997 




162 

257 
265 
253 
226 
175 
161 
223 
207 
212 

1,130 


1 


1 






















355 

592 

829 

917 

1,181 

1,181 

1,891 

682 


1 


1 


















1 










1 




1 










1 




1 










419 

542 
626 
539 
557 
770 
600 
491 
540 
710 

3,761 


257,986 
370,575 
518,829 
423,763 
487,826 
585,635 
467,128 
464,500 
460,470 
648,374 

2,436,096 


350 
458 
553 
469 
501 
666 
493 
422 
410 
557 

3,106 


232,498 
341,513 
472,727 
393,477 
450,656 
536,100 
417-,032 
129,284 
102,168 
517,361 

2,139,795 


69 
84 
73 
70 
56 
• 104 
107 
69 
130 
153 

655 


25,488 
29,062 
16,102 
30,286 
37,170 
19,535 
50,096 
33,216 
58,002 
101,010 

296,301 


27,961 
39,098 
46,243 
35,593 
40,890 
51,935 
12,201 
39,803 
35,859 
4-1,097 

250,923 


27,961 
38,984 
46,016 
35,365 
40,890 
51,821 
12,201 
39,803 
35,859 
44,097 

247,652 




80 
131 

124 
103 
89 
174 
173 
103 
177 
277 

1,112 


1 




1 




111 
227 
227 


























111 




1 














1 










1889 








3,271 


3 


3 










334 
312 
371 
357 
410 
365 
340 
429 
376 
467 

2,634 


164,030 
214,893 
255,534 
233,457 
257,685 
243,106 
194,070 
310,502 
249,923 
312,896 

1,783,615 


286 
254 
297 
" 301 
345 
295 
273 
347 
316 
392 

2,019 


150,721 
185,012 
210,070 
205,038 
240,065 
214,750 
169,064 
261,147 
235,137 
278,191 

1,454,419 


18 
58 
74 
56 
65 
70 
67 
82 
60 
75 

615 


13,309 
29,281 
15,161 
28,119 
17,620 
28,356 
25,006 
19,355 
24,786 
34,705 

339,197 


21,376 

22,722 
25,776 
23,305 
26,372 
34,972 
19,767 
27,741 
25,370 
33,622 

196,036 


20,757 
22,368 
25,422 
23,010 
26,184 
24,795 
19,679 
37,399 
24,928 
33,180 

190,940 


619 
351 
354 
265 

88 
177 

88 
442 
442 
442 

5,096 


83 

71 
110 

S3 
119 
145 

99 
139 
117 
113 

1,098 


1 
1 


1 
1 














1 


1 










































1 




















195 
202 
275 
300 
251 
227 
283 
292 
280 
329 

4,378 


125,195 
115,495 
189,782 
272,875 
164,537 
125,205 
165,615 
184,302 
200,741 
239,869 

2,702,246 


136 
138 
181 
227 
190 
176 
229 
240 
240 
262 

3,725 


106,736 
86,150 
129,297 
206,012 
141,869 
102,526 
147,039 
153,64-i 
182,851 
198,275 

2,140,357 


59 
64 
94 
73 
61 
51 
54 
53 
10 
67 

653 


18,459 
29,345 
60,485 
66,863 
22,668 
22,679 
18,556 
30,658 
17,890 
41,591 

261,889 


15,817 
12,500 
17,810 
22,762 
20,338 
16,131 
20,956 
21,712 
22,706 
21,911 

368,331 


15,621 
12,304 
17,644 
21,978 
20,044 
15,944 
19,682 
21,448 
21,628 
24,647 

362,092 


196 
196 
196 
784 
291 
190 

1,274 
291 

1,078 
294 

6,242 


90 
110 
138 
203 

85 

85 
101 
101 

65 
111 

1,116 




























1 


















I^rr 








rrzlf 








:rrr^ 


















1 


1 










233 

297 
405 
378 
433 
504 
474 
544 
533 
577 


98,978 
134,834 
220,951 
*218,139 
252,326 
281,088 
294,521 
359,154 
399,222 
443,033 


203 
238 
342 
327 
368 
433 
402 
482 
435 
495 


91,078 
117,926 
203,226 
199,596 
230,939 
257,876 
262,411 
332,756 
334,949 
409,600 


30 
59 
63 
51 
65 
71 
72 
62 
98 
82 


7,900 
16,908 
17,725 
18,513 
21,387 
23,212 
32,110 
26,398 
64,273 
33,433 


23,610 
24,503 
10,035 
35,615 
35,567 
10,016 
37,135 
15,948 
10,999 
14,906 


22,986 
24,253 
39,411 
34,866 
35,317 
39,142 
36,511 
45,199 
40,250 
44,157 


621 
250 
624 
749 
250 
874 
624 
749 
, 749 
749 


52 
102 
101 

79 
105 
108 
126 
107 
173 
103 






































I??!? 






r^^rr 








1 


1 




18S9 





EEAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD. 29 

Table 1.— IOWA— NUMBER AND AMOUNT OF EEAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD, ETC.— Continued. 





MORTGAGES STATING AMOUNT OF I»EET. 






injMEEK or 

MORTGAGED. 




COUNTIES AND 
■YEAES. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 




AMOUNT OF DEBT. 




Number. 


1 
Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 
acres. 


On 

lots. 




4,842 


S3,708,646 


3,978 


83,327,009 


864 


?381,637 


839,242 


824,801 


14,441 


1,700 


2 


2 










587 
551 
481 
511 
481 
441 
437 
455 
427 
471 

10,429 


397,614 
388,263 
316,790 
399,583 
353,562 
811,080 
857,200 
394,385 
368,758 
421,411 

9,740,000 


489 
453 
393 
428 
383 
359 
351 
377 
.356 
389 

3,104 


354,982 
839,639 
286,135 
375,200 
307,769 
272,211 
314,106 
355,646 
340,670 
380,701 

5,275,499 


98 
98 
88 
83 
98 
82 
86 
78 
71 
82 

7,825 


42,682 
48,624 
30,655 
24,383 
45,793 
88,869 
43,094 
38,739 
28,088 
40,710 

4,464,501 


39,042 
37,868 
30,983 
35,984 
33,202 
27,817 
30,812 
87,030 
31,516 
34,993 

316,992 


38,254 
36,900 
29,583 
34,146 
81,539 
25,979 
29,237 
35,542 
30,116 
83,505 

307,930 


788 
903 
1,400 
1,838 
1,663 
1,888 
1,-575 
1,488 
1,400 
1,488 

9,062 


168 
195 
142 
172 
204 
147 
159 
180 
199 
134 

9,013 


1 


1 










1 



1 




















1 
























1 




44 


13 


31 








874 

792 

871 

876 

1,042 

1,048 

1,301 

1,166 

1,235 

1,224 

6,895 


864,141 

742,968 

825,4.58 

863,635 

963,963 

988,000 

1,268,620 

987,185 

l,095,-594 

1,140,136 

6,388,357 


415 
281 
281 
287 
330 
319 
361 
286 
276 
268 

6,073 


601,611 
450,506 
498,695 
510,459 
556,958 
562,734 
684,049 
449,873 
462,904 
497,710 

5,962,153 


4.59 
511 
590 
589 
712 
729 
940 
880 
959 
956 

822 


262,530 
292,462 
326,763 
353,476 
407,005 
425,206 
584, .571 
5.37,312 
632,690 
642,426 

426,204 


39,503 
28,312 
30,545 
80,110 
34,681 
31,359 
40,585 
27,300 
20,938 
27,587 

716,158 


89,198 
28,007 
30,240 
29,301 
38,968 
29,832 
39,770 
25,635 
25,716 
26,263 

713,749 


305 

305 

305 

815 

713 

1,527 

815 

1,731 

1,222 

1,324 

2,409 


556 

060 

7U0 

729 

837 

860 

1,174 

1,081 

1,180 

1,233 

1,560 


5 
3 
17 
14 
1 
2 
1 


1 

1 
5 
2 
1 
2 
1 


4 




2 




12 




12 




























1 




1 


















548 
687 
950 
822 
750 
790 
638 
543 
494 
673 

3,996 


385,089 
514,411 
811,231 
823,536 
090,239 
746,289 
556,984 
579,947 
542,829 
737,852- 

3,017,924 


469 
607 
870 
754 
654 
712 
557 
470 
398 
572 

2,673 


354,802 
458,766 
768,218 
787,131 
636,875 
709,619 
518,612 
549,598 
486,913 
696,619 

2,450,588 


79 
80 
80 
68 
86 
78 
81 
73 
96 
101 

1,323 


30,287 
55,645 
43,013 
36,405 
53,364 
36,670 
48,322 
30,349 
55,916 
41,233 

567,386 


51,621 
63,113 
102,241 
92,290 
82,388 
82,805 
57,834 
52,294 
50,428 
81,149 

245,667 


51,114 
62,986 
102,114 
91,657 
81,881 
82,678 
57,707 
52,167 
60,423 
81,022 

243,463 


507 
127 
127 
633 
507 
127 
127 
127 


130 
138 
202 
116 
140 
119 
201 
98 
258 
158 

2,175 
















1 






1 




' 


1 






1 












1 






1 




127 
2,204 




1 




9 


7 


2 






1880 


199 
431 
662 
664 
657 
591 
344 
209 
167 
72 

2,773 


148,323 
832,089 
544,077 
507,471 
489,846 
455,680 
260,608 
122,764 
109,372 
47,694 

1,580,099 


162 
331 
449 
442 
477 
380 
217 
106 
77 
32 

2,313 


128,703 
302,173 
459,538 
412,278 
409,557 
334,095 
211,617 
86,143 
74.349 
32,135 

1,404,440 


87 
100 
213 
222 
180 
211 
127 
103 
90 
40 

460 


19,620 
29,916 
84,539 
95,193 
80,289 
121,585 
48,991 
36,621 
35,023 
15,559 

175,659 


14,919 
30,804 
41,208 
41,846 
42,379 
34,395 
18,276 
9,797 
9,219 
3,324 

208,569 


14,632 
30,112 
40,633 
41, .5.59 
42,379 
84,108 
18,084 
9,605 
9,027 
3,324 

202,197 


287 
192 
575 

287 


79 
181 
350 
333 
296 
303 
204 
183 
157 

89 

812 








2 
3 
1 


3 










1 










287 
192 
192 
192 










1 
1 
1 


1 
1 










1 








. 


6,372 


5 


3 


2 








137 

165 
218 
306 
282 
298 
337 
378 
374 
278 

3,796 


60,841 
92,541 
131,791 
190,839 
1.54,048 
171,199 
194,185 
209,585 
225,107 
149,963 

2,190,292 


105 
109 
156 
260 
231 
250 
288 
325 
834 
255 

2,934 


52,838 
69,400 
109,780 
171,086 
135,951 
156,904 
178,597 
186,942 
205,546 
142,396 

1,916,128 


32 
56 
02 
46 
51 
48 
49 
53 
40 
23 

862 


8,003 
23,141 
22,011 
19,753 
18,097 
14,295 
20,588 
22,648 
19,561 

7,567 

274,164 


8,663 
10,271 
12,994 
22,478 
20,502 
28,046 
27,572 
28,282 
32,410 
22,351 

265,051 


8,663 
10,271 
12,432 
22,103 
19,846 
22,203 
26,-354 
27,845 
31,379 
21 ,601 

264,667 




60 
104 
105 

80 
112 

85 
80 
78 
33 

1,900 


1 




1 










r^;^ 


562 
375 
656 
843 

1,218 
937 

1,031 
750 

384 




..1 


::rr" 




1 


1884 




1 




1 




2 


1 1 1 








1 
1 


1 

1 




















305 
427 
466 
425 
372 
296 
314 
412 
888 
391 

3,927 


157,601 
176,052 
262,059 
273,127 
261,072 
178,472 
181,321 
248,. 503 
2.39,273 
212,812 

4,071,509 


256 
300 
355 
a33 
279 
235 
242 
329 
321 
284 

3,034 


142,119 
' 145,525 
224,673 
242,1599 
280,849 
159,434 
152,359 
220,563 
222,483 
176,024 

3,554,180 


49 
127 
111 
92 
93 
61 
72 
83 
07 
107 

893 


15,482 
80,527 
37,386 
30,528 
30,723 
19,038 
28,962 
27,940 
16,790 
36,7SS 

517,329 


23,690 
26,395 
33,477 
33,1.59 
28,097 
19,.393 
18,640 
30,742 
27,701 
23,697 

287,371 


23,402 
26,299 
33,477 
33,159 
28,097 
19,893 
18,640 
30,742 
27,761 
23,697 

234,451 


288 
96 


98 
328 
237 
238 
188 
108 
108 
162 
146 
227 

1,655 




1 






1 


^rr^ 




1 


1883 






1 






1 1 


Igg* 






1 




|^°Y 






1 




1S87 



















ix?r 












52,920 


















401 
395 
474 
475 
380 
389 
899 
349 
332 
333 

6,103 


327,944 
371.207 
479.059 
566,179 
362,684 
433,810 
406,453 
366,701 
397,985 
359,427 

6,182,839 


305 
308 
870 
362 
292 
303 
308 
276 
257 
253 

2,022 


278,977 
825,977 
429,582 
500,427 
313,247 
374,299 
349,073 
325,239 
.340,369 
315,990 

2,413,146 


96 
87 
104 
118 
88 
86 
91 
73 
75 
80 

4,081 


48,967 
45,280 
49,477 
65,752 
49,437 
59,511 
57,-380 
40,528 
57,616 
43,437 

3,769,693 


26,232 
29,493 
35,678 
34,.382 
27,415 
27,210 
29,086 
25,407 
29,017 
23,451 

149,502 


20,930 
22,621 
28,707 
27,313 
21,622 
21,712 
,24,177 
21,774 
24,795 
20,800 

147,111 


5,802 
6,872 
0,971 
7,069 
5,793 
5,498 
4,909 
3,033 
4.222 
2,651 

' 2,891 


142 
134 
219 
174 
193 
201 
143 
150 
142 
157 

6,140 








~x5, 








i^iy 






^^Q^ 






^Sr. 






~^_ 




r ■ 1 


^r^ 




1 [ 


|?xlj 




1 1 


|r?' 




1 i 


h^^ 




! 




9 


1 
7 1 2 








530 
558 
640 
048 
G35 
G69 
583 
613 
615 
612 


750,244 
574,845 
719, .380 
653, 961 
660,205 
615,367 
591,805 
528,073 
532,765 
570,194 


197 
214 
246 
223 
198 
206 
185 
189 
176 
188 


310,000 
230,383 
805,928 
273,462 
245,031 
233,021 
198,547 
185,907 
205,353 
219,514 


333 
344 
394 
425 
487 
463 
398 
424 
439 
424 


440,244 
833,402 
413,452 
360,499 
415,174 
382,, 346 
393,258 
842,166 
327,412 
356,680 


10,425 
14,105 
17,662 
14,408 
13,242 
14,260 
13,820 
17,414 
12,871 
15,235 


16,270 
13,791 
17,139 
13,885 
18,167 
14,036 
13,671 
17,339 
12,796 
15,011 


149 
874 
523 
523 

75 
224 
149 

7.5 

224 


530 
533 
581 
692 
586 
690 
5S3 
097 
074 
674 




1 




1 
4 


1 


1 




1 ' 






1884 








1 




1 


2 


1 




1 






1889: 


1 


1 1 


1 



30 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 

Table 1.— IOWA— NUMBER AND AMOUNT OF EEAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECOliD, ETC.— Continued. 







MOKTGAGES STATI 


•iG AMOUNT OF DEBT. 




KUMBER OF ACRES MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OP 

LOTS 
MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OF MORT- 


COU>-TIES AND 
YEAES. 


Total. 


Or 


acres. 


On lots. 


AMOUNT OP DEBT. 




Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 
acres. 


On 
lots. 




1,915 


81,205,812 


1,359 


$983,950 


556 


$219,802 


101,062 


159,401 


1,001 


1,0.53 


1 


1 












SS 
149 
264 
196 
191 
205 
225 
195 
. 179 
223 

0,512 


36,123 
71,840 
114,421 
90,104 
108,772 
127,559 
172,423 
157,110 
110.721 
174;733 

8,142,210 


115 
143 
93 

lis 

133 
171 
170 
148 
193 

2,353 


32,383 
58,920 
82,911 
61,273 
84,428 
90,076 
152,392 
149,893 
100,302 
161,312 

3,717.183 


13 
34 
121 
103 
73 
72 
54 
25 
31 
30 

4,159 


3,740 
12,920 
01,510 
31,831 
24,344 
37.483 
20,031 

7,223 
10,359 
10,421 

4,425,033 


9,708 
15,144 
17,436 
11,063 
16,317 
15,415 
18,928 
18,354 
15,703 
22,902 

278,153 


9,738 
15,144 
17,436 
10,511 
10,040 
15,138 
18,928 
18,077 
15,025 
22,764 

277,077 




21 

49 
225 
150 
111 
214 
101 

48 
. 73 

01 

8,904 


1 


1 
















t 




554 
277 
277 




















277 
138 
138 

476 


1 




















3 




3 










572 
551 

ban 

009 
054 
054 
085 
729 

778 

1,581 


715,179 
082,519 
083,704 
749,000 
904,538 
774,783 
785,361 
933,427 
1,003,.390 
910,195 

991,089 


261 
230 
192 
197 
250 
224 
274 
245 
230 
244 

1,175 


327,707 
380,039 
280,012 
328,081 
470,825 
309,857 
410,034 
311, .301 
429,743 
431,181 

858,475 


311 
321 
364 
412 
401 
430 
411 
484 
488 
534 

406 


387,472 
301,880 
397,152 
420,379 
433,713 
464,926 
374,727 
592,123 
573,647 
479,014 

132,614 


29,511 
30,064 
22,285 
23,000 
32,8:35 
24,369 
31,954 
27,038 
26,714 
29,703 

165,048 


29,392 
30,345 
22,285 
23,000 
32,716 
24,309 
31,934 
27,038 
26,714 
29,044 

103,830 


119 
119 


764 

575 

706 

1,006 

1,006 

1,048 

761 

981 

951 

1,103 

713 








1881 _ 


1 


! 1 






1 




1 




119 




































119 

1,218 


1 
4 








3 


1 








39 
09 
137 
134 
107 
196 
184 
191 
221 
243 

5,694 


22,020 
42,087 
70,542 
77,067 
140.137 
110,707 
101.035 
100,936 
127,202 
180,096 

4,083,713 


33 

01 
115 
100 
133 
103 
126 
134 
145 
165 

4,495 


20,658 
39,409 
69,397 
03,951 
127,450 
108,086 
84 ,.335 
91,333 
101,063 
151,593 

3,620,073 


6 

8 

34 

34 
33 
68 
57 
70 
78 

1,199 


1,362 
2,678 
7,145 
13,710 
12,087 
8,021 
17,300 
15,603 
25,599 
28,503 

463,040 


4,940 
8,796 
16,986 
14,499 
21,313 
21 ,897 
17,400 
17,877 
19,258 
22,082 

358,736 


4,788 
8,796 
10,681 
14,347 
21,101 
21,743 
17,400 
17,572 
19,258 
22,082 

331,989 


132 


21 
10 
38 
59 
78 
47 
93 
107 
140 
ISO 

1,954 










1 
1 


- 






305 
152 
152 
152 


1 




1 








!■ . _ ' 










303 






















6,747 


1 




1 








435 
392 
045 
710 
640 
534 
624 

575 
511 

3,491 


250,485 
226,088 
521,192 
574,005 
435,780 
381,813 
4 16, .315 
410,053 
431,858 
399,024 

2,542.465 


359 
319 
553 
554 
504 
413 
505 
456 
434 
398 

2,321 


233,071 
195,231 
493,804 
509,171 
370,005 
334,320 
400,792 
354,005 
386,641 
334,973 

2,090,935 


76 
73 
92 
156 
142 
121 
119 
136 
141 
143 

1,170 


15,414 
30,837 
27.328 
63,334 
65,175 
47,4fJ3 
39,523 
62,618 
45,217 
64,051 

451,531 


28,117 
23,2i!8 
48,494 
48,701 
40,002 
33,213 
39,745 
33,342 
34,062 
29,642 

221,589 


27,673 
23,120 
48,228 
48,140 
38,819 
32,414 
39,301 
32,454 
32,997 
28,843 

210,629 


444 
178 
206 
621 

1,213 
799 
444 
888 

1,065 
799 

10,960 


115 

114 
154 
261 
237 
196 
191 
252 
198 
236 

2,246 
















1 




1 

































1 .. . 




4 


1 3 








398 
2SG 
197 
200 
357 
470 
387 
429 
373 
378 

4,383 


207,188 
200,522 
130,023 
147,084 
267,689 
352,,'i32 
305,081 
373,179 
257,727 
288,841 

3,806,037 


189 
205 
115 
106 
242 
329 
283 
323 
255 
274 

3,842 


137,179 
172,879 
104,156 
112,536 
219,871 
294,641 
260, t 03 
322,3';2 
211,810 
254,628 

3,533,025 


209 

91 

82 
100 
115 
141 
104 
100 
118 . 
104 

540 


70,009 
33,643 
- 31,867 
35,148 
47,818 
57,891 
44,178 
50,847 
45,917 
34,213 

273,012 


15,418 
21,-368 
11,312 
11,893 
22,057 
29,7.30 
27,395 
32,076 
24,240 
26,098 

427,9.33 


14,920 
20,870 
10,814 
11 ,297 
21,658 
27,837 
26,000 
30,781 
22,347 
24,105 

351,807 


498 

498 

498 

398 

399 

1,893 

1,395 

1,295 

1,893 

1,993 

76,128 


370 
192 
206 
203 
213 
251 
198 
178 
246 
187 

890 


2 

1 
1 








1 

1 






















1886 


li „. . 




r V-- 


1888 














5 










344 
379 
395 
502 
417 
498 
467 
451 
456 
473 

4,281 


248,752 
288,395 
296,164 
403,359 
363,699 
472,325 
457,518 
409,708 
429,705 
430,352 

4,085,300 


298 
340 
328 
429 
359 
431 
402 
400 
451 
398 

3,115 


230,505 
273,672 
264,873 
378,726 
316,8.59 
440,872 
426,472 
390,894 
428,965 
381,187 

3,592,786 


46 
39 
67 
73 
58 
67 
65 
45 
5 
75 

1,166 


18,247 
14,723 
31 ,291 
24,633 
46,840 
31,453 
31,010 
18,814 
800 
55,105 

492,514 


35,688 
39,630 
38,186 
4S,878 
40,774 
53,734 
47,328 
42,300 
42,315 
39,102 

292,298 


26,942 
32,239 
29.317 
40,378 
32,021 
47,082 
42,154 
36,141 
34,431 
30,602 

291,986 


8,746 
7,391 
8,869 
8,500 
8,253 
6,652 
5,174 
6,159 
7,884 
8,500 

312 


91 
61 
125 
110 
86 
104 
110 
79 
12 
106 

1,957 






ISSl 


1 




1 


1882 






4 


4 




1884 








1 


l&SG 




1 






1 


1838 ; 




i 






















395 
487 
471 
52:S 
431 
399 
408 
390 
357 
400 

5,213 


332,.300 
402,659 
472,867 
511,335 
487,173 
358,554 
366,010 
380,822 
291,021 
421,953 

4,041,415 ' 


290 
335 
347 
379 
341 
281 
306 
287 
255 
294 

4,281 


283,395 
393,459 
411,820 
452,009 
436,076 
310,916 
328,437 
342,006 
252,444 
382,224 

3,068,315 


105 
152 
124 
144 
110 
118 
102 
TO3 
102 
106 

932 


4S,S03 
09,200 
61 ,047 
59,326 
51,097 
47,038 
37,579 
38,816 
39,177 
39,729 

373,100 


26,543 
34,461 
31,711 
33,182 
34,797 
25,972 
28,254 
25,937 
20,834 
30,607 

436,860 


26,439 
34,461 
31 ,711 
33,078 
34,797 
25,868 
28,254 
23,937 
20,834 
30,607 

434,630 


104 


165 
189 
166 
228 
178 
211 
177 
196 
216 
231 

2,022 




1 


1881 .. 




1 








1 




104 




1 






1 


1SS3 .. 


104 










1 


1887 .. 






1 




















2,230 










1 


1880 


500 

607 

075 

585 

449 

510 

520 

451 

406 . 

450 


800,607 
500,102 
511,529 
409,305 
347,551 
397,433 
403,115 
415, C62 
348,529 
401,279 


425 
563 
559 
•459 
367 
426 
44 
378 
309 
351 


209,830 
465,336 
471,213 
368,085 
318,477 
308,549 
373,016 
359,946 
311,416 
361,847 


75 
104 
116 
126 
82 
84 
70 
73 
97 
99 


30,777 
40.706 
40,316 
41,220 
29,077 
28,884 
29,499 
50,016 
37,113 
39,432 


41,431 
57,898 
54,777 
46,214 
38,745 
41,933 
44,682 
41 ,653 
32,079 
37,448 


41,219 
57,792 
34,071 
46,108 
38,426 
41,508 
44,151 
41,053 
31,973 
37,129 


212 
106 
106 
106 
319 
423 
531 


156 
255 
217 
279 
147 
145 
140 
333 
183 
167 




I 








1882 












188J 






1885 






1886 






1887 






ISSS 


106 
319 




t 


1889 




ZZ'..Z'.Q'.'.".'.'. 



REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD. 31 

Table 1.— IOWA— NUMBER AND AMOUNT OF EEAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD, ETC.— Continued. 





MORTGAGES STATING AMOUNT OF DEBT. 




NUaiBEE OF 
MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OF 3I0RT- 


COUNTIES AED 
YEAKS. 


" Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 




AMOUNT OF DEBT. 




Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amoimt. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 

acres. 


On 

lots. 


Grundy 


3,540 


$4,499,929 


2,831 


$4,188,217 


715 


$311,712 


315,808 


312,712 


3,096 


1,308 


7 





1 




367 
425 
448 
454 
405 
333 
296 
313 
236 
267 

5,771 


418,020 
452,301 
547,544 
038,002 
.521,789 
462,049 
351,581 
412,470 
322,193 
373,890 

4,159,545 


290 
331 
351 
364 
339 
271 
2.32 
257 
183 
213 

4,490 


381,691 
425,859 
503,774 
e00,.327 
488,797 
426,486 
329,584 
384,338 
300,399 
346,962 

3,707,183 


77 
94 
97 
90 
66 
64 
64 
56 
53 
54 

1,281 


30,. 329 
26,442 
43,770 
37,705 
32,992 
35,563 
21,997 
28,132 
21,794 
20,928 

432,302 


38,335 

36,039 

38,894 

39,246 

86,561 

26,873 

24,326 ■ 

30,064 

19,990 

25,480 

431,408 


37,174 
35,007 
38,249 
39,117 
36,-561 
26,873 
24,326 
30,004 
19,990 
25,351 

418,838 


1,101 

1,0,32 

045 

129 


i34 
143 
187 
170 
124 
124 
132 
83 
105 
104 

3,105 


1 

4 

1 


1 

4 










1 



























1886 










1837 




l" 


i" 




i^^ 


129 
12,370 




Guthrie 


12 


9 


3 




548 
6S7 
758 
678 
565 
555 
495 
555 
499 
481 

3,871 


325,005 
385,326 
568,244 
488,264 
408,645 
446,505 
a56.992 
415;270 
386,768 
378,526 

2,908,653 


406 
465 
598 
516 
434 
451 
406 
404 
403 
407 

3,385 


281,933 
329,842 
510,.346 
433,034 
357,428 
407,519 
318,977 
365,783 
341,455 
338,866 

2,730,964 


142 
172 
160 
162 
131 
104 
89 
151 
96 
74 

486 


43,072 
55,484 
57,898 
. 53,230 
51,217 
38,980 
38,015 
49,487 
45,313 
19,060 

177,689 


40,732 
44. COS 
59,491 
51,382 
42,380 
42,933 
37,9.56 
39,506 
35,889 
37,014 

322,358 


39,812 
43,583 
57,550 
49,747 
40,949 
42,646 
36,321 
38,280 
33,958 
35,992 

316 580 


920 
1,022 
1,941 
1,635 
1,-431 

307 
1,635 
1,226 
1,431 
1,022 

5,778 


263 
291 
292 
316 
301 
277 
139 
39:J 
697 
136 

907 


1 

1 

4 




1 




4 
1 
1 


1 






1883 




^?VZ 










. 


7™r 




1 






i 




1 




1 


Hamilton 


2 






378 
493 
527 
476 
260 
268 
302 
380 
402 
385 

3,547 


201,125 
290,640 
363,S51 
.320,075 
223,377 
267,380 
2.54,583 
312,898 
365,609 
309,115 . 

2,426,223 


335 
396 
460 
400 
240 
241 
301 
379 
350 
283 

3,037 


186,440 
262,447 
340,197 
295,619 
215,721 
249,747 
253,933 
312,573 
344,863 
269,464 

2,265,364 


43 

97 
67 
76 
20 
27 
1 
1 
52 
102 

510 


14,685 
28,193 
23,691 
24,456 
7.636 
17,033 
030 
325 
20,746 
39,631 

160,859 


28,315 
30,213 
42,514 
36,431 
25,008 
26,730 
30,626 
33,559 
36,437 
26,465 

352,901 


28,000 
36,108 
41,358 
35,590 
24,543 
26,520 
29.785 
33,0.34 
33,912 
25,730 

350,482 


315 
105 
1,156 
841 
525 
210 
841 
525 
525 
735 

2,419 


53 
131 
108 

99 

38 
123 

81 

83 
189 

1,531 














1' 




' 












1 1 1 














Hancock 


1 




213 
274 
329 
300 
458 
308 
367 
344 
443 
511 

5,861 


111,771 
170,708 
210,091 
209,700 
295,411 
220,418 
2.58,240 
261,368 
294,692 
393,761 

4,306,834 


184 

271 
201 
397 
281 
.302 
294 
354 
435 

4,559 


104,5.32 
163,225 
196,917 
198,680 
273,888 
213,142 
233,065 
246,695 
261,047 
371,173 

3,678,339 


29 
19 
68 
39 
61 
24 
65 
50 
89 
76 

1,305 


7,239 
7,543 
13,174 
11,020 
21,523 
7,276 
25,175 
14,673 
30,645 
22,591 

628,495 


19,929 
31,754 
35,077 
32,465 
43,018 
32,098 
34,528 
85,596 
37,195 
50,641 

388,593 


19,802 
31,754 
&5,422 
32,338 
42,508 
32,098 
.31,146 
35,342 
36,813 
50,239 

347,431 


127 


88 

90 
136 

98 
326 

54 
188 
101 
282 
170 

2,397 


1 1 








255 
127 
510 


' 
















382 
254 
382 
382 

41,162 


1 














::: 




1889 

Hardin 


zz 




501 
628 
707 
Oil 
692 
577 
532 
588 
502 
526 

7,946 


340,756 
420,784 
506,708 
459,188 
516,028 
476,626 
361,150 
4.32,777 
378,526 
414,291 

5,424,824 


411 

488 
544 
464 
568 
443 
400 
443 
391 
407 

5,980 


301 ,461 

351,088 
430,387 
398,821 
460,498 
360,749 
308,404 
375,265 
325,253 
366,413 

4,589,807 


90 
140 
163 
147 
124 
131 
132 
145 
111 
119 

1,966 


39,295 
69,696 
76,321 
60,367 
55,530 
115,877 
52,746 
57,512 
53,273 
47,878 

&35,017 


39,367 
. 44,236 
47,599 
38,593 
46,069 
35,195 
.34,377 
37,186 
31,580 
34,391 

453,.551 


33,499 
39,574 
42,342 
31,821 
41,804 
30,831 
29,517 
33,814 
29,100 
30,126 

452,192 


3,868 
4,662 
5,257 
3,709 
4,265 
4,361 
1,860 
3,372 
2,480 
4,265 

1,359 


140 
214 
290 
296 
268 
216 
227 
295 
199 
216 

2,521 


1 


' 1 





















1885 
















Harrison 







648 
716 
879 
886 
788 
967 
763 
732 
751 
816 

3,189 


369,368 
453,120 
644,717 
670,891 
558,831 
601,296 
564,270 
459,637 
504,952 
597,742 

2,343,608 


518 
568 
706 
6G3 
577 
739 
60O 
505 
509 
595 

2,213 


321,243 
■ 391,251 
568,749 
557,679 
464,317 
510,479 
494,507 
. 380,693 
407,991 
492,895 

1,940,917 


130 
148 
173 
223 
211 
228 
163 
227 
242 
221 

976 


48,125 
61,866 
75,968 

113,212 
94,514 
90,817 
69,763 
78,944 
96,961 

104,847 

402,691 


42,563 
46,709 
59,705 
55,032 
44,868 
52,104 
44,523 
34,559 
33,758 
39,670 

162,638 


42,382 
46,528 
59,343 
54,851 
44,596 


181 
181 
362 
181 

272 


140 
171 
235 
273 
233 
306 
239 
a37 
313 
228 

1,638 


1 


i" 










































33,758 
39,670 

102,342 






















296 




Henry 







269 
372 
346 
371 
310 
331 
298 
304 
289 
299 

2,001 


194,802 
279,063 
263,246 
268,113 
216,587 
224,076 
199,626 
242,990 
236,190 
218,915 

1,883,492 


178 
248 
235 
264 
231 
237 
1 209 
202 
204 
205 

2,025 


1.55,511 

220,116 
213,619 
225,807 
190,063 
193,641 
168,295 
192,509 
195,469 
185,887 

1,667,343 


91 
124 
111 
107 
79 
94 
89 
102 
So 
94 

576 


39,291 
58,947 
49,627 
42,306 
26,524 
30,435 
31,331 
50,481 
40,721 
33,028 

218,149 


13,018 
10,832 
17,226 
20,345 
16,363 
18,269 
14,878 
15,346 
16,261 
14,100 

212,441 


13,018 
16,832 
17,152 
20,271 
16,363 
18,195 
14,878 
15,272 
16,261 
14,100 

212,329 




159 
173 
176 
170 
134 
182 
156 
202 
144 
142 

587 




i.......... 

j """ 












74 
74 








1883 






74 










74 





















112 




Howard 







340 
219 
227 
241 
233 
- 222 
283 
348 


307,.540 
184,270 
101,203 
203,356 
161,177 
145,898 
176,.5.S0 
235,606 
160,623 
149,179 


277 

las 

1 194 
180 
191 
189 
204 
248 
177 


266,140 
167,776 
151,831 
174,361 
146,244 
133,280 
1.52,007 
206,239 
137,435 


63 
36 
33 
61 
42 

as 

79 
100 
81 


41,400 
16,494 
9,372 
28,995 
14,933 
12,618 
24,573 
29,427 
23,188 


31,427 
22,228 
21,781 
20,640 
19,026 
17,930 
19,138 
24,650 
16,912 


31,127 
22,228 
21,669 
20,040 
19,026 
17,9.30 
19,1.38 

i 21,656 
16,913 

1 18,703 




62 
37 
35 
64 
43 
33 
83 
97 
85 
48 




















112 


























i::::::::::: 































































32 FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 

Table 1.— IOWA— NUMBER AND AMOUNT OF EEAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD, ETC.— Continued. 





MOETGAGES STATING AMOUNT OF DEBT. 








NUMBER OF 

LOTS 

MORTGAGED- 


NUMBER OF MORT- 


COUNTIES AND 
YEARS. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 




AMOUNT OF DEBT. 




Niunber. 


Amount. 


Number 


Amrmnt. 


Number 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 

acres. 


On 

lots. 




3,920 


82,761,110 


3,269 


Sa,522,426 


651 


$238,684 


336,202 


330,828 


5,374 


1,718 


1 


1 








isso : 


309 
384- 
473 
403 
428 
426 
370 
354 
449 
. 324 

3,402 


171,735 
229,982 
314,102 
264,234 
298,431 
302,343 
277,887 
269,160 
342,864 
290,372 

3,697,364 


271 
319 
392 
341 
351 
340 
315 
297 
367 
276 

2,875 


152,098 
200,858 
285,666 
243,939 
275,582 
273,857 
256,322 
248,121 
315,783 
270,200 

3,391,553 


38 
65 
81 
62 

77 
86 
55 
57 
82 
48 

527 


19,037 
29,124 
28,436 
20,295 
22,819 
28,486 
21, .565 
21,039 
27.081 
20,172 

305,811 


30,189 
.34,439 
38,775 
34,285 
34,522 
3^3, 964 
31,117 
30,291 
36,116 
30,501 

338,570 


29,406 
33,879 
38,327 
33,166 
34,410 
a5,404 
30,669 
29,846 
35,780 
29,941 

337,327 


783 
.560 
448 
1,119 
112 
560 
448 
418 

sm 

560 
1,249 


316 
143 
120 
194 

101 
101 
110 
241 
103 

661 




1 


1881 






1882 




1 


1883 




,'" 1 


1884 




1 1 


1885 






1886 






1887 


1 


1 




1888 





1889 




i'" 


Ida 




1 








1880 


124 
172 
379 
394 
380 
472 
419 
306 
386 
370 

3,609 


95,965 
143,872 
410,634 
497,956 
387,287 
499,071 
473,109 
355,965 
389,919 
443,586 

3,455,818 


92 
140 
339 
361 
344 
408 
324 
258 
307 
302 

3,027 


76,342 
129,710 
390,330 
478,252 
366,315 
465,303 
412,962 
324,635 
342,8.39 
404,865 

3,210,846 


32 
32 
40 
33 
.36 
64 
95 
48 
79 
68 

582 


19,623 
14,162 
20,304 
19,704 
20,973 
33,768 
60,147 
31,330 
47,080 
38,721 

24-. ,973 


10,156 
14,549 
43,288 
48,1.53 
40, .379 
46,394 
37,324 
31,265 
28,248 
38,820 

293,460 


10,166 
14, .519 
43,288 
48,153 
40,340 
46,355 
36,908 
30,988 
28,109 
38,681 

286,812 




47 
40 
53 
37 
43 
91 
97 
68 
101 
87 

1,099 






1881 






1 


1882 




If ■ 1 


1883 








1884 


no 

139 
416 

1,39 
1-39 

6,648 






1885 




1 1 


1886 




1 1 


1887 




1 


1888 








1889 










3 


2 








1880 


355 
364 
370 
281 
398 
393 
362 
361 
359 
366 

5,155 


304,792 
326,141 
312,328 
253,569 
419,764 
383,508 
350,783 
366,337 
364,647 
374,949 

4,431,705 


295 
301 
315 
222 
333 
332 
301 
306 
313 
309 

3,779 


284,774 
299,804 
290,764 
226,511 
384,862 
352,652 
33] ,562 
346,757 
338,444 
354,716 

3,890,368 


60 
63 
55 
.59 
65 
61 
61 
55 
46 
57 

1,376 


20,018 
26,337 
21,. 564 
26,058 
34,902 
30,856 
19,221 
19,580 
26,203 
20,233 

541,337 


27,. 332 
28,. 381 
30,251 
20,371 
36,184 
31,876 
30,075 
31,706 
29,265 
28,029 

351,375 


27,124 
28,282 
30,152 
20,073 
36,085 
30,983 
28,388 
30,019 
28,173 
27,533 

339,189 


198 

99 

99 

298 

99 

893 

1,687 

1,087 

1,092 

496 

12,186 


90 
124 

86 
119 
120 
138 
108 
118 

80 
116 

2,050 


1 


1 




1881 




1882 




' 1 


1883 


i 1 


1884 




i 


1885 






1886 






1887 




1 


1888 


1 


1 




1889 






10 


8 


3 




1880 


512 
535 
552 
543 
490 
422 
594 
545 
522 
440 

6,004 


402,723 
425,698 
494,680 
483,783 
410,999 
388,686 
524,781 
436,496 
459,435 
404,424 

5,861,100 


417 
434 
408 
439 
336 
318 
396 
348 
354 
329 

4,682 


361,938 
373,446 
411,941 
433,155 
360,294 
344,787 
457,519 
376,617 
408,354 
362,317 

5,165,944 


95 
101 
144 
104 
154 
104 
198 
197 
1G8 
111 

1,323 


40,785 
52,252 
82,739 
50,628 
50,705 
43,899 
67,262 
59,879 
51,081 
42,107 

695,156 


35,218 
35,902 
37,447 
40,421 
31 ,780 
31,261 
41,171 
32,953 
35,206 
30,016 

406,950 


33,823 
33,204 
36,796 
39,077 
31,501 
30,424 
39,403 
31,278 
34,090 
28,993 

406,096 


] ,.395 

2,098 

651 

744 

279 

837 

1,768 

1,675 

1,116 

1,023 

854 


143 
173 
.306 
218 
225 
1--.5 
2.55 

201 
149 

2,092 


3 
3 
3 
1 


2 
3 

1 


1 


1881 






1883 




1884 




1885 


1 




1886 


i 




1887 








1888 








1889 








J-i« ler 


2 


1 


1 




1880 


504 
572 
670 
669 
639 
584 
616 
682 
523 
545 

3,479 


395,605 
510,166 
638,830 
754,421 
621,419 
556,571 
579,267 
704,147 
578,363 
522,311 

2,609,202 


396 
457 
516 
523 
496 
440 
495 
550 
392 
417 

2,583 


348,729 
453,375 
666,248 
659,321 
547,345 
470,359 
513,699 
635,402 
509,943 
462,523 

2,116,426 


108 
115 
154 
146 
143 
144 
121 
132 
131 
128 

896 


46,876 
57,791 
72,582 
95,100 
74,074 
86,212 
65,568 
68,745 
68,420 
59,788 

492,776 


35,144 
38,810 
45,154 
44,265 
43,062 
35,751 
41,779 
49,494 
36,688 
35,203 

201,560 


34,954 
38,526 
45,059 
44,170 
43,567 
36,751 
41,779 
49,494 
36,593 
35,203 

199,946 


190 
284 
95 
95 
95 


171 
1C4 
226 
220 
213 
214 
195 
192 
234 
2-33 

1,718 








1881 


1 


1 




1882 




1883 









1884 




1 


1835 


1 1 


18S6 








1887 






1 


1888 


95 








1889 


1 
1 








1,014 


1 








1880 


333 

368 
419 
347 
368 
323 
344 
358 
809 
310 

4,598 


214,378 
268,158 
346,923 
266,702 
296,131 
239,299 
242,272 
271,206 
234,602 
229,531 

4,797,332 


265 
270 
325 
259 
278 
245 
246 
258 
217 
220 

3,300 


185,554 
211,690 
295,362 
213,624 
245,873 
199,953 
190,742 
214,053 
176,175 
183,400 

3,857,930 


68 
98 
94 
88 
90 
78 
98 
100 
93 
90 

1,298 


28,824 
56,468 
51, .561 
53,078 
50,258 
39,346 
51,530 
57,153 
58,427 
46,131 

939,402 


20,086 
20,275 
25,092 
20,421 
23,581 
19,069 
18,003 
20,487 
16,633 
17,913 

303,989 


19,683 
20,114 
25,011 
20,179 
23,500 
18,988 
17,922 
30,164 
16,033 
17,752 

293,853 


403 

161 
81 

243 
81 
81 
81 

323 


125 
195 
145 
18-J 
201 
152 
192 
190 
180 
149 

2,1-11 






1881 




1 


1882 







1883 


1 


1 




1884 




1885 






1886 




1 


1887 




1 


1888 , 




1 


1889 


161 

9,136 




1 


Jollnson 












1880 


552 
592 
490 
564 
443 
453 
432 
393 
345 
334 

4,272 


530,973 
692,052 
522,989 
630,325 
457,806 
453,480 
388,204 
411,815 
356,077 
353,611 

4,570,664 


372 
389 
330 
390 
338 
334 
307 
324 
254 
262 

3,102 


384,760 
504,359 
422,629 
491,119 
390,836 
394,126 
305,549 
347,690 
305,225 
311,637 

4,009,096 


180 
203 
160 
174 
105 
119 
125 
69 
91 
72 

1,170 


146,213 
187,693 
100,360 
139,206 
66,970 
59,354 
82,655 
64,125 
50,852 
41,974 

561,568 


36,002 
35,131 
29,560 
37,563 
31,366 
32,557 
26,497 
29,071 
22,430 
22,812 

278,217 


34,765 
33,894 
28,513 
35,565 
30,129 
31,796 
20,021 
28,690 
22,049 
22,431 

257,985 


i;237 

1,047 

1,998 

1,237 

701 

• 476 

381 

.381 

381 

20,232 


313 
356 
250 
264 
144 
185 
210 
114 
131 
14-1 

2,421 




1 


1881 






1882 




i 


1883 




1 


1884 




I 


1885 




1 


1886 






1887 






1888 






1889 




1 


Jones 


3 


1 
2 1 


1880 


510 
489 
451 
476 
368 
397 
420 
382 
392 
387 


457,231 
524,541 
444,476 
526,833 
401,601 
409,872 
446,870 
399,352 
477.979 
481,849 


375 
359 
328 
333 
267 
283 
309 
268 
287 
293 


387,662 
476,401 
388,324 
454,790 
a51,216 
347,893 
395,589 
342,734 
428,191 
436,296 


135 
130 
123 
143 
101 
114 
111 
114 
105 
94 


69,569 
48,140 
56,152 
72,043 
50,445 
61,979 
51,281 
56,018 
49,788 
45,553 


32,302 
32,619 
25,703 
29,761 
24,352 
24,623 
28,956 
24,-391 
28,805 
26,705 


30,371 
29,492 
23,772 
27, -370 
23.972 
23,784 
27,852 
22,64-1 
26,782 
23,916 


1,931 
3,127 
1,931 
2,391 
1,330 
1,839 
1,104 
1,747 
2,023 
2,759 


354 
253 
235 
271 
201 
218 
196 
277 
238 
188 




1 




1 j 1 




1883 

1884 


i "i 1 !!!!!"!! 






J8S6 









1888 


J 


1839 


;;;;;;;;;;;;;;:;;;;;;;;;|;;;;;;;;; 



REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD. 33 

Table 1.— IOWA— NUMBER AND AMOUNT OF REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD, ETC.— Continued. 







MOETGAGES STATING AMOUNT O 


F DEBT. 




NUMBER OF ACRES MORTGAGED. 


NU3IBER OF 

LOTS 
MORTGAGED. 


NUMEEK OF MORT- 


COUNTIES AND 
YEAES. 


Total. 


On 


acres. 


On lots. 


AMOUST OP DEBT. 




Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 
acres. 


On 
lots. 




5,313 


83,828,719 


3,090 


S3, 024,014 


2,223 


8804,705 


243,037 


242,635 


402 


3,302 


2 




2 










475 
609 
634 
610 
5.59 
472 
487 
531 
452 
484 

4,928 


250,309 
362,856 
350,090 
490,773 
388,123 
322,297 
292,689 
544,616 
494,5.34 
332,432 

3,308,443 


297 
332 
327 
351 
338 
293 
296 
307 
276 
273 

3,810 


202,313 
286,812 
258,710 
400,851 
289,125 
262,753 
217,105 
451,311 
405,303 
249,731 

2,854,615 


178 
277 
307 
259 
221 
179 
191 
2'^4 
176 
211 

1,118 


47,996 
76,044 
91,380 
89,922 
98,998 
59,544 
75,584 
93,305 
89,231 
82,701 

453,828 


21,180 
26,042 
25,3.88 
27,140 
28,481 
24,425 
21,079 
24,716 
23,490 
21,096 

440,443 


21,180 
26,042 
25,388 
26,979 
28,481 
24,425 
21,079 
24,636 
23,329 
21,090 

436,239 




242 
385 
419 
332 
334 
260 
296 
354 
338 
352 

2,025 












1 














161 


1 




1 










80 '■ 

161 










































4,204 


4 


3 


1 








266 
196 
550 
524 
442 
647 
596 
510 
594 
603 

5,190 


140,420 
113,676 
334,513 
355,642 
273,143 
426,597 
422,771 
408,818 
410,341 
422,522 

4,152,907 


145 
116 
444 
437 
351 
535 
505 
426 
410 
441 

1,998 


83,780 
74,888 
300,451 
325,548 
235,747 
389,037 
388,810 
366,436 
333,963 
355,955 

1,829,769 


121 
80 

106 
87 
91 

112 
91 
84 

184 

162 

3,192 


56,640 
38,788 
34,062 
30,094 
37,396 
37,560 
33,961 
42,382 
76,378 
66,567 

2,323,138 


20,723 
14,857 
57,260 
55,214 
37,571 
58,146 
52,672 
49,574 
45,305 
49,121 

168,516 


20,723 
14,857 
56,878 
54,959 
37,189 
57,254 
52,163 
48,937 
45,050 
48,229 

168,006 




249 
133 
192 
163 
177 
196 
174 
140 
332 
269 

5,820 


1 

2 










2 






382 
255 
382 
892 
509 
637 
255 
892 

510 














































1 


1 


.. 






















1880 


378 
476 
546 
506 
516 
495 
522 
600 
568 
583 

10,912 


330,365 
402,870 
387,704 
38.3,695 
441,598 
398,332 
329,009 
457,505 
521,693 
500,136 . 

10,420,702 


198 
215 
233 
244 
203 
207 
191 
158 
156 
193 

4,573 


169,118 
221,869 
218,964 
210,478 
190,520 
195,957 
140,113 
132,983 
156,101 
193,666 

5,023,812 


180 
261 
313 
262 
313 
288 
331 
442 
412 
390 

6,339 


161,247 
181,001 
168,740 
173,217 
251,078 
202,375 
188,896 
324,522 
365,592 
306,470 

5,396,890 


16,375 
20,029 
17,399 
20,889 
16,835 
18,478 
16,024 
12,589 
13,691 
16,207 

332,492 


16,290 
19,944 
17,314 
20,719 
16,835 
18,478 
16,024 
12,589 
13,691 
16,122 

332,111 


85 
85 
85 
170 


442 
488 
477 
454 
627 
497 
593 
754 
719 
769 

12,927 


























1 






■ I 










































So 
381 


























862 
939 
1,018 
1,175 
1,220 
1,195 
1,227 
1,190 
1,024 
1,062 

2,289 


682,178 
893,403 
900,115 
1,167,956 
1,263,830 
1,058,514 
1,101,923 
1,137,352 
1,041,812 
1,173,619 

2,151,483 


497 
545 
520 
461 
438 
424 
506 
430 
365 
385 

1,692 


426,086 
548,946 
590,580 
574,240 
596,236 
442,546 
524,478 
456,368 
388,341 
475,991 

1,920,777 


365 
394 
498 
714 
782 
771 
725 
754 
659 
677 

597 


256,092 
344,457 
309,535 
593,716 
667,594 
615,968 
577,445 
680,984 
653,471 
697,628 

230,706 


37,087 
40,628 
38,618 
37,775 
32,115 
28,026 
34,699 
31,555 
23,157 
28,832 

174,300 


36,934 
40,552 
38,618 
37,699 
32,115 
28,026 
34,623 
31,555 
23,157 
28,832 

173,560 


153 
76 


538 
578 
822 
1,810 
1,749 
1,509 
1,216 
1,490 
1,760 
1,455 

1,392 




















1 




76 




1 






















76 







































740 



















161 
168 
181 
255 
262 
230 
299 
231 
253 
259 

3,721 


137,204 
154,156 
192,887 
249,026 
263,515 
208,504 
271,737 
195,207 
228.711 
250,536 

2,392,900 


109 
122 
132 
190 
189 
171 
219 
173 
191 
196 

2,429 


116,129 
136,584 
168,250 
228,642 
234,282 
185,389 
244,034 
170,294 
208,756 
228,417 

1,888,484 


52 
46 
49 
65 
63 
59 
80 
58 
62 
63 

1,292 


21,075 
17,572 
24,637 
20,384 
29,233 
23,115 
27,703 
24,913 
19,955 
22, U9 

504,416 


11,718 
10,617 
13,452 
19,650 
19,511 
15,493 
22,046 
17,718 
21,160 
22,935 

210,117 


11,718 
10,617 
13,.346 
19,333 
19,511 
15,232 
21,940 
17,718 
21,160 
22,935 

210,029 




137 
99 
90 
143 
126 
149 
221 
172 
136 
119 

2,248 














1 




106 
317 




1 




















211 
106 












































88 


2 


1 


1 








364 
406 
473 
436 
412 
314 
347 
336 
302 
331 

3,754 


202,846 
276,705 
278,262 
285,009 
279,370 
150,506 
358,651 
201,465 
155,481 
204,605 

3,977,215 


2.30 
262 
314 
311 
255 
170 
225 
210 
209 
243 

3,130 


130,361 
' 224,390 
215,525 
225,568 
226,014 
103,372 
313,955 
157,275 
125,060 
166,964 

3,698,888 


134 

144 
159 
125 
157 
144 
122 
126 
93 
88 

624 


72,485 
52,315 
62,737 
59,441 
53,356 
47,134 
44,696 
44,190 
30,421 
37,641 

278,327 


18,815 
21,070 
24,723 
28,604 
23,543 
13,452 
22,908 
19,971 
16,891 
20,107 

487,541 


18,757 
21,070 
24,723 
28,604 
23,543 
13,452 
22,908 
19,971 
16,894 
20,107 

486,576 


88 


306 
256 
224 
211 
299 
211 
208 
186 
205 
142 

1,.333 






































































2 


1 






















965 


















HI 
130 
287 
360 
411 
365 
406 
462 
572 
650 

3,790 


84,671 
102,382 
347,559 
344,029 
428,660 
348,519 
468,014 
507,604 
035,818 
709,959 

3,130,393 


83 
101 
247 
290 
348 
307 
360 
394 
479 
521 

3,171 


59,332 
95,504 
332,152 
321,380 
405,833 
325,207 
450,218 
475,794 
583,376 
650,092 

2,899,372 


28 
29 
40 
70 
63 
58 
46 
68 
93 
129 

619 


25,339 
6,878 
15,407 
22,649 
22,827 
23,312 
17,796 
31,810 
52,442 
59,867 

2.31,021 


13,764 
29,667 
78,188 
49,933 
47,711 
41,020 
60,571 
51,073 
58,073 
57,541 

297,598 


13,764 
29,667 
78,188 
49,547 
47,711 
40,827 
60,571 
51,073 
58,073 
57,155 

296,434 




256 
52 
64 
106 
102 
102 
94 
122 
225 
210 

1,099 






























386 












1 




193 




1 






'" ■ 1 




















386 
1,164 




















233 
382 
453 
400 
357 
405 
446 
377 
325 
412 


199,530 
326,629 
363,791 
325,234 
282,945 
359,054 
370,801 
301,411 
272,279 
322,719 


208 
309 
361 
327 
309 
355 
381 
316 
280 
325 


188,334 
302,967 
331,044 
297,023 
266,519 
339,494 
351, .569 
268,857 
260,023 
290,542 


25 
73 

92 
73 
48 
50 
65 
01 
45 
87 


11,196 
23,662 
29,747 
28,211 
16,426 
19,560 
25,232 
32,. 554 
12,256 
33,177 


20,479 
30,113 
32,491 
29,990 
29,431 
35,266 
34,180 
28,464 
27,707 
29,477 


20,479 
29,822 
32,394 
29,699 
29,431 
35,169 
34,083 
28,464 
27,513 
29,380 




42 
115 
1.52 
1.39 

72 

96 
106 
113 

91 
173 








291 
97 
291 
















1 










97 
97 


























194 
97 








1889.. 










34 FARMS, HOIk'IES, AND MORTGAGES. 

Table 1.— IOWA— NUMBER AND AMOUNT OF EEAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON EECORD, ETC.— Contiuned. 





MORTGAGES STATING AMOUNT OF DEBT. 








NUMBER OF 

LOTS 
MORTGAGED 


NUMBER OF M 


ORT- 


COUNTIES AND 
YEAES. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 




AMOUNT OF DEBT. 




Number 


Amount. 


Number 


Amount. 


Number 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 

acres. 


On 

lots. 




5,614 


84,622,432 


3,501 


83,334,199 


2,113 


81,288,233 


265,289 


264,749 1 540 


2,932 


2 


1 








ISSO 


445 
598 
632 
600 
543 
602 
539 
627 
529 
499 

3,666 


333,340 
520,583 
567,635 
445,222 
449,049 
510,790 
475,795 
506,097 
406,333 
407,588 

3,257,664 


318 
384 
389 
375 
331 
357 
343 
391 
328 
285 

2,089 


238,269 
408,225 
384,454 
320,977 
320,340 
336,000 
366,303 
359,018 
305,690 
294,923 

2,769,177 


127 
214 
243 
225 
212 
245 
196 
236 
201 
214 

977 


95,071 
112,358 
183,181 
124,245 
128,709 
174,790 
109,492 
147,079 
100,643 
112,665 

488,487 


22,571 
29,261 
29,516 
28,205 
25,309 
28,381 
28,066 
28,910 
24,411 
20,659 

214,398 


22,571 
29,261 
29,439 
28,205 
25,309 
28,381 
27,912 
28,910 
24,179 
20,582 

213,560 




197 
322 
324 
299 
266 
323 
261 
316 
285 
339 

1,690 


1 




1 


1881 






1882 


77 








1883 


1 


1 




1884 






1885 










1886 


154 








1887 








1888 


233 

77 

838 








1889 










3 


2 








1880 


343 
470 
463 
371 
375 
300 
365 
345 
309 
325 

7,316 


229,756 
320,857 
405,786 
272,117 
330,438 
243,374 
418,066 
287,433 
481,572 
268,265 

7,305,597 


259 
343 
335 

265 
295 
220 
270 
252 
222 
228 

3,814 


174,424 
258,322 
344,680 
222,946 
275,663 
219,191 
369,138 
236,198 
448,868 
219,747 

4,914,137 


84 
127 
138 
106 
80 
80 
95 
93 
87 
97 

3,502 


55,332 
62,535 
61,106 
49,171 
54,775 
24,183 
48,928 
51,235 
32,704 
48,518 

2,391,470 


18,355 
24,122 
26,820 
20,907 
24,504 
15,228 
25,825 
19,517 
22,033 
17,087 

330,664 


18,020 
24,123 
26,736 
20,572 
24,504 
15,228 
25,741 
19,517 
23,033 
17,087 

326,743 


335 


126 
222 
218 
178 
182 
145 
150 
166 
149 
154 

5,035 


1 

1 


1 




1881 : 


1 


1882 


84 
335 






1 


1 




1884 














1886 


84 








1887 








1888 










1889 












3,921 


15 


13 










712 
801 
849 
1,037 
827 
703 
684 
618 
529 
556 

3,278 


664,125 
753,644 
815,767 
1,087,472 
993,214 
690,258 
634,109 
553,777 
521,665 
591,566 

2,913,702 


411 
432 
457 
500 
414 
344 
369 
333 
272 
282 

2,326 


410,869 
536,438 
526,594 
726,739 
651,148 
464,199 
439,467 
379,169 
371,198 
408,306 

2,433,851 


301 
369 
392 
537 
413 
359 
315 
285 
257 
274 

952 


253,256 
217,206 
289,173 
360,733 
342,066 
226,059 
194,042 
174,608 
160,467 
183,260 

479,851 


35,168 
37,838 
39,820 
43,075 
36,469 
30,832 
33,036 
38,750 
23,762 
22,924 

201,208 


34,972 
37,544 
39,036 
41,800 
36,371 
30,832 
31,928 
28,554 
23,370 
22,336 

199,554 


196 
294 
784 
1,275 
98 


411 
489 
560 
731 
538 
520 
500 
538 
368 
380 

1,791 


1 
1 
3 
3 

1 

1 

1 
2 


1 




1881 


i 


1882 


3 

3 
1 
1 
3 
1 
1 


1883 





1884 




1885 




1886 .. 


98 
196 
392 

588 

1,654 




1887 










1889 




Mills 
















1880 


296 
309 
574 
392 
353 
322 
196 
232 
274 
330 

3,067 


233,839 
256,459 
469,042 
357,899 
401,765 
298,472 
168,497 
198,992 
243,366 
285,371 

2,314,263 


218 
225 
368 
288 
266 
237 
154 
150 
198 
222 

2,307 


207,006 
226,296 
374,950 
312,311 
332,673 
260,651 
153,910 
151,350 
193,992 
231,712 

1,966,060 


78 
84 
206 
104 
87 
85 
42 
82 
76 
108 

760 


26,833 
30,163 
94,092 
45,588 
79,092 
37,831 
14,587 
47,642 
50,374 
53,659 

348,203 


22,011 
19,639 
28,571 
22,725 
24,623 
22,271 
14,235 
12,388 
15,942 
18,803 

216,472 


21,914 
19,444 
28,279 
22,725 
24,526 
22,174 
14,040 
12,291 
15,747 
18,414 

216,178 


97 
195 
292 


141 
141 
349 
184 
218 
157 
66 
157 
174 
204 

785 








1881 ;.. 








1882 




1 


1883 




1 


1884 


97 
97 
195 
97 
195 
389 

294 




1 


1885 




1 


1886 




1 


1887 




i 1 


1888 




1 


1889 




1 1 


Mitchell 




■1 








1880 


374 
277 
286 
288 
267 
306 
351 
SCO 
275 
343 

4,5-40 


247,528 
204,677 
219,033 
239,282 
223,698 
215,781 
250,244 
232,286 
206,764 
284,970 

3,894,140 


279 
200 
226 
218 
218 
235 
266 
227 
183 
255 

4,046 


201,132 
162,039 
194,531 
199,026 
204,537 
188,498 
211,497 
193,867 
164,339 
246,594 

3,698,780 


95 
77 
60 
70 
49 
71 
85 
73 
92 
88 

494 


46,396 
42,638 
24,503 
30,256 
19,101 
37,283 
38,747 
38,419 
42,435 
38,376 

195,360 


24,824 
18,911 
20,767 
22,363 
20,266 
22,479 
23,644 
21,620 
16,7.38 
24,860 

465,222 


24,824 
18,911 
20,669 
22,265 
20,168 
23,479 
33,644 
21,620 
16,738 
24,860 

460,403 




94 
77 
62 
78 
48 
71 
92 
76 
92 
95 

970 




1 


1881 






1883 


98 
98 
98 




1 


1883 




1 


1884 




1 


1885 






1886 






1 


1887 






1 


1888 






1 


1889 








Monona 


4,819 


9 


9 








1880 


249 
259 
567 
457 
518 
564 
548 
415 
477 
485 

3,488 


153,826 
166,330 
429,208 
366,547 
441,089 
523,364 
498,531 
395,100 
457,694 
462,451 

2,312,404 


222 
238 
514 
439 
463 
495 
482 
376 
399 
418 

2,943 


144,705 
158,589 
412,673 
356,566 
419,807 
498,975 
463,317 
383,362 
420,493 
440,293 

2,066,611 


27 
21 
53 
18 
55 
69 
66 
39 
78 
68 

545 


9,121 
7,741 
16,535 
9,981 
21,283 
24,389 
35,214 
11,738 
37,201 
22,158 

245,793 


22,894 
26,738 
55,099 
47,774 
51,832 
65,566 
59,737 
45,346 
44,688 
45,548 

246,433 


22,387 
26,358 
54,465 
46,759 
51,071 
65,059 
59,483 
45,092 
44,181 
45,548 

246,245 


507 
380 
634 
1,015 
761 
507 
254 
254 
507 


41 
35 
123 
50 
63 
99 
162 
219 
95 
83 

878 






1881 




1 


1882 






1883 




'i 


1884 




■ ! 


1885 






1886... . 


2 
1 




1887 


1 




18S8 




1889 


6 

1 


6 
1 




Monroe 


178 








1880 


190 
296 
309 
334 
303 
366 
360 
402 
490 
438 

5,830 


113,294 
169,553 
252,050 
234,878 
198,105 
221,417 
256,606 
286,379 
342,865 
237,258 

5,532,395 


149 
235 
244 
279 
254 
312 
306 
348 
439 
377 

4,145 


93,508 
150,930 
199,943 
212,187 
177,424 
200,237 
237,461 
261,794 
325,196 
207,931 

4,545,012 


41 
61 
05 
55 
49 
54 
54 
54 
51 
61 

1,685 


19,786 
18,622 
52,107 
22,691 
20,681 
21,180 
19,145 
24,585 
17,669 
29,327 

987,353 


12,320 
19,141 
20,331 
23,469 
21,788 
28,499 
24,094 
31,123 
40,481 
25,287 

366,408 


12,220 
19,052 
20,321 
23,469 
21,788 
28,499 
24,094 
31,123 
40,481 
25,198 

364,962 




63 
100 
104 
85 
79 
95 
102 
87 
77 
86 

2,313 


1 


1 




1881 


89 




1882 














1884 
















1886 
















1888 






1 


1889 


89 
1,446 








Montgomery 


5 




5 


1880 


523 
547 
599 
781 
686 
618 
611 
454 
447 
564 


380,933 
529,720 
589,047 
749,699 
705,108 
572,940 
633,537 
402,431 
446,240 
522,740 1 


352 
393 
409 
604 
515 
4.58 
436 
314 
297 
367 


289,896 
454,597 
473,996 
635,696 
559,884 
481,123 
520,133 
337,298 
360,493 
432,426 


171 
154 
190 
177 
171 
160 
175 
140 
150 
197 


91,037 

75,123 
115,051 
114,003 
145,724 

91,817 
113,404 

65,133 


30,236 
40,865 
34,412 
50,405 
46,076 
37,338 
43,317 
25,237 


30,236 
40,555 
34,102 
50,198 
45,869 
37,225 
42,214 
25,134 
24,880 
34,549 




200 
189 
231 
336 
249 
233 
353 


2 
3 




^ 


1881 


310 
310 
207 
307 
103 
103 




3 


1882 




1883 


1 


■" 




1 




1885 


1 










1888 







'. 


1889 


90^314 34;519 1, 




324 1 


! 


1. 



REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD. 35 

Table 1.— IOWA— NUMBER AND AMOUNT OF KEAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON EECORD, ETC.— Continued. 





MOKTGAGES STATIKG AMOUNT OF DEBT. 


NUMBEK OF ACRES MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OF 

LOTS 
MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OF MORT- 


COUNTIES AND 
YEARS. 


Total. 


On 


acres. 


On lots. 


AMOUNT OP DEBT. 




Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 

acres. 


On 

lots. 




4,867 


§4,586,246 


2,409 


$3,134,672 


2,458 


81,451,374 


206,354 


196,041 


10,313 


3,229 


2 












1880 


431 
542 
404 
462 
413 
568 
557 
iiS 
438 
517 

6,014 


429,168 
531,759 
4.39,918 
479,089 
451,916 
529,369 
449,844 
400,889 
433,430 
430,864 

4,300,161 


226 
264 
224 
233 
21G 
274 
257 
242 
234 
239 

4,646 


285,270 
317,127 
308,822 
345,348 
293,687 
357,866 
291,490 
293,204 
326,414 
315,444 

3,906,682 


205 
278 
240 
229 

294 
300 
203 
204 
278 

1,368 


143,898 
204,632 
131,096 
133,741 
158,229 
171,503 
158,354 
107,685 
107,016 
135,420 

593,479 


19,630 
20,308 
18,363 
19,757 
18,590 
24,384 
21,714 
20,474 
21,072 
22,062 

493,597 


18,942 
19,449 
17,332 
18,408 
17,645 
22,407 
20,855 
19,700 
20,298 
20,945 

482,573 


688 
859 

1,031 

1,289 
945 

1,977 
859 
774 
774 

1,117 

11,024 


249 
392 
300 
296 
289 
379 
417 
273 
274 
360 

1,970 


1 






1881 








1 






1883 






1884 








1885 








1880 








1887 








1888 








1889 
























1880 


246 
380 
628 
644 
623 
629 
640 
626 
665 
933 

2,849 


154,952 
271,912 
414,907 
436,031 
459,682 
454,927 
485,738 
487,633 
532,107 
802,272 

2,156,924 


191 

298 
511 
485 
473 
489 
495 
470 
470 
764 

2,305 


137,062 
201,603 
377,507 
379,715 
402,802 
391,735 
420,552 
426,550 
443,666 
725,489 

1,943,930 


55 
82 
117 
159 
150 
140 
145 
156 
195 
169 

544 


17,890 
70,309 
37,400 
36,313 
36,880 
63,192 
65,186 
61,083 
88,441 
76,783 

212,994 


26,066 
42,373 
68,938 
52,101 
48,381 
47,977 
52,048 
43,209 
45,794 
06,710 

268,463 


25,501 
41,384 
68,231 
50,122 
47,392 
47,270 
50,776 
42,502 
4-4,805 
64,590 

268,322 


565 
989 
707 

1,979 
989 
707 

1,272 
707 
989 

2,120 

141 


02 
98 
140 
195 
199 
234 
202 
207 
324 
249 

723 








1881 








18S2 








1883 








1884 








1885 








1886 








1887 








1888 








1889 






















1880 


147 
164 
314 
291 
342 
324 
368 
370 
270 
259 

6,293 


63,878 
88,224 
187,175 
237,772 
235,852 
252,604 
278,312 
306,853 
265,887 
240,367 ■ 

5,812,876 


136 
141 
257 
245 
273 
252 
280 
292 
223 
206 

4,594 


61,758 
80,090 
164,219 
219,860 
212,111 
228,323 
239,241 
280,938 
235,434 
.221,950 

4,711,541 


11 
23 
57 
46 
69 
72 
88 
78 
47 
53 

1,699 


2,120 
8,134 
22,956 
17,906 
23,741 
24,281 
39,071 
25,915 
30,453 
18,417 

1,101,335 


10,078 
17,042 
28,771 
32,780 
29,626 
27,788 
30,036 
33,090 
26,850 
25,802 

450,722 


16,078 
17,042 
28,771 
32,780 
29,620 
27,788 
30,036 
33,090 
26,850 
25,661 

441,114 




13 
25 
75 
53 
84 
105 
132 
105 
65 
66 

3,064 


II 














1882 










1883 




















J885 








1880 








1887 






. . . 




1888 










1889 


141 
9,608 








^ 


5 


3 


„ 




" 




658 
797 
764 
805 
673 
617 
595 
538 
413 
433 

3,022 


498,136 
738,034 
755,149 
745,551 
664,905 
537,304 
562,256 
557,145 
361,195 
393,201 

1,648,160 


519 
607 
541 
581 
497 
4.37 
434 
408 
279 
291 

2,466 


432,701 
611,292 
631,935 
611,471 
503,372 
424,765 
456,629 
464,376 
277,959 
297,041 

1,407,103 


139 
190 
223 
224 
176 
180 
161 
130 
134 
142 

556 


65,435 
126,742 
123,214 
134,080 
161,533 
112,539 
105,627 
92,769 
83,236 
96,160 

241,057 


51,716 
59,384 
56,243 
37,494 
48,161 
42,647 
41,470 
42,819 
25,527 
25,261 

242,569 


51,422 
58,109 
54,674 
50,023 
47,279 
41,170 
40,882 
42,035 
24,841 
24,673 

241,204 


294 

1,275 

1,309 

1,471 

882 

1,471 

588 

784 

080 

588 

1,365 


231 

308 

344 - 

448 

373 

292 

283 

240 

260 

285 

1,628 








1881 










1 

2 








2 




1884 






1 






1886 
















1 


1 


























173 
188 
300 
226 
326 
309 
352 
392 
382 
374 

6,475 


52,437 
67,115 
129,841 
110,682 
204,550 
174,918 
199,998 
202,626 
238,933 
261,060 

6,736,377 


135 

145 
250 
167 
273 
258 
280 
287 
326 
345 

5,257 


40,957 
53,385 
114,383 
91,323 
172,166 
153,214 
168,38.5 
160,977 
218,291 
234,022 

5,902,735 


38 
43 
50 
59 
53 
51 
72 
105 
56 
29 

1,218 


11,480 
13,730 
15,4,58 
25,359 
32,384 
21,704 
31,613 
41,649 
20,642 
27,038 

833,642 


11,866 
16,423 
25,494 
17,485 
27,127 
25,162 
26,623 
26,622 
30,411 
35,356 

451,778 


11,866 
16,423 
25,389 
17,485 
20,602 
25,057 
26,413 
26,317 
30,201 
33,251 

451,073 




118 
146 
145 
189 
156 
283 
209 
202 
123 
57 

1,869 




















105 












1 




525 
105 
210 
105 
210 
105 

705 




1 




























































133 
361 
684 
654 
824 
842 
777 
695 
689 
816 

3,445 


79,244 
276,928 
628,113 
783,627 
841,691 
859,155 
705,659 
735,504 
836,057 
990,399 

2,414,172 


85 
287 
587 
545 
691 
711 
645 
524 
545 
637 

3,071 


■ 46,304 
239,015 
371,308 
707,580 
764,250 
764,853 
624,479 
595,420 
731,5.35 
857,991 

2,256,740 


48 
74 
97 
109 
133 
131 
132 
171 
144 
179 

374 


32,940 
37,913 
56,805 
76,047 
77,441 
94,302 
81,180 
140,084 
104,522 
132,408 

157,432 


8,804 
35,199 
51,698 
53,829 
53,103 
51,123 
47,396 
39,272 
49,901 
59,451 

359,316 


8,522 
35,058 
51,557 
55,829 
52,964 
51,123 
47,396 
39,272 
49,901 
59,451 

359,193 


282 
141 
141 


65 
104 
145 
127 
208 
269 
216 
232 
227 
270 

375 


































141 


























































123 


1 


1 










142 
208 
344 
358 
352 
347 
348 
377 
471 
498 

10,786 


58,324 
116,103 
233,124 
236,190 
252,147 
235,744 
242,667 
251,715 
382,497 
385,661 

21,175,159 


137 
192 
323 
326 
328 
307 
298 
321 
389 
450 

3,600 


57,210 
106,563 
224,701 
221,082 
238,144 
234,132 
226,-552 
235,024 
352,464 
360,868 

5,324,561 


5 
16 

21 
32 
24 
40 
50 
36 
82 
48 

13,186 


1,114 
9,340 
8,423 
15,108 
14,003 
21,612 
16,115 
16,691 
30,033 
24,793 

15,850,598 


16,087 
23,682 
40,870 
40,012 
36,666 
36,869 
33,842 
34,444 
47,340 
49,304 

287,111 


16,087 
23,082 
40,870 
40,012 
36,066 
30,809 
33,842 
34,444 
47,417 
49,304 

285,768 




5 
16 

20 
33 
24 
39 
49 
61 
84 
45 

37,574 






























































1 


1 












123 


















1,343 


7 


2 


,. 








818 
1,071 
1,368 
1,617 
1,7-J3 
1,793 
1,973 
2,157 
2,237 
2,009 


902,042 
1,271,719 
1,004,305 
1,993,748 
2,313,847 
2,140,818 
2,381 ,554 
2,871,223 
3,182,888 
2,512,985 


337 
385 
383 
438 
400 
364 
305 
390 
288 
250 


347,941 
465,9.59 
524,042 
552,199 
813,820 
597,466 
538,005 
530,942 
528,942 
354,045 


481 
686 
985 
1,179 
1,343 
1,429 
1,008 
1,767 
1,949 
1,759 


534,101 
805,760 
1,080,263 
1,441,549 
1,500,027 
1,543,382 
1,822,949 
2,290,281 
2,053,946 
2,158,340 


25,115 
32,480 
31,008 
34,824 
32,179 
26,711 
30,373 
30,986 
23,605 
19,830 


24,947 
32,144 
30,421 
34,572 
32,179 
26,711 
30,. 373 
30,986 
23,005 
19,830 


168 
330 

587 


713 
1,162 
1,781 
1,806 
2,258 
2,960 
8,459 
6,173 
12,831 
4,431 










1 
1 
3 

1 


1 






1 






3 






1 














1 


1 

















1 


1889 




' 1 



36 PAE.MS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 

Table 1.— IOWA— NUMBER AND AJMOUNT OF EEAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD, ETC.— Continued. 





MOKTGAGES STATING AMOUNT OF DEBT. 


NUMBER OF ACRES MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OF 

LOTS 
MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OF MORT- 
GAGES NOT STATING 
AMOUNT OF DEBT. 


COUNTIES ANU 
YEAES. 


Total. 


On 


acres. 


On lots. 




Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 
acres. 


On 
lots. 


Pottawattamie 


16,861 


$15,175,301 


8,134 


88,781,600 


8,727 


$6,393,701 


836,739 


830,609 


6,130 


18,925 
















1,096 
1,212 
1,357 
1,461 
1,469 
1,351 
1,197 
2,008 
2,404 
3.306 

4,717 


827,847 
1,076,049 
1,291,349 
1,439,34-1 
1,383,852 
1,313,183 
1,147,314 
2,109,982 
1,958,062 
2,628,319 

4,536,680 


762 
821 
890 
896 
963 
846 
698 
699 
053 
904 

3,280 


640,806 
803,519 
965,756 
990,318 
995,493 
879,621 
764,766 
948,502 
712,096 
1,080,723 

3,655,393 


334 

391 

467 

565 

504 

505 

499 

1,309 

1,751 

2,402 

1,437 


187,041 

272,530 

325,593 

449,026 

388,359 

433,562 

382,348 

1,161,480 

1,245,966 

1,547,596 

881,287 


75,689 
84,980 
86,633 
89,519 
94,878 
122,437 
73,619 
68,960 
63,063 
76,961 

324,253 


74,076 
83,905 
85,880 
88,229 
94,878 
122,437 
73,619 
68,852 
62,525 
76,208 

322,981 


1,613 

1,075 

753 

1,290 


606 

723 

821 

966 

1,178 

962 

1,413 

4,583 

4,105 

3,568 

2,654 






























































108 
538 
753 

1,272 


























3 


2 


1 








402 
436 
468 
466 
484 
543 
469 
448 
433 
568 

5,420 


358,750 
403,336 
395,159 
475,927 
535,330 
540,301 
411,178 
427,781 
416,418 
•572,500 

3,441,410 


300 
275 
312 
319 
355 
407 
336 
332 
305 
339 

4,817 


308,228 
324,810 
319,830 
386,842 
372,038 
443,066 
352,570 
359,570 
356,146 
432,293 

3,231,198 


102 
161 
156 
147 
129 
136 
133 
116 
138 
239 

603 


50,522 
78,526 
75,329 
89,085 

163,292 
97,235 
58,608 
68,211 
60,272 

140,207 

210,212 


29,404 
30,161 
30,497 
34,187 
33,907 
39,743 
28,889 
31,923 
30,958 
34,584 

425,280 


29,404 
29,843 
30,391 
34,081 
33,589 
39,743 
28,783 
31,923 
30,853 
34,372 

424.361 




163 
283 
293 
271 
222 
237 
261 
206 
218 
498 

1,028 










318 
106 
106 
318 


' 




1 


































106 


2 


2 










106 
212 

919 


































508 
571 
751 
604 
499 
481 
558 
492 
440 
516 

4,846 


227,822 
316,763 
454,378 
375,123 
328,598 
302,613 
406,333 
375,005 
315,278 
339,497 

4,412,225 


446 
502 
674 
538 
434 
417 
489 
447 
407 
463 

4,014 


207,049 
293,985 
424,389 
353,045 
307,922 
275,031 
380,697 
363,150 
302,506 
323,424 

3,998,213 


■ 62 
69 
77 
66 
65 
64 
69 
45 
33 
53 

832 


20,773 
22,778 
29,989 
22,078 
20,676 
27,582 
25,636 
11,855 
12,772 
16,073 

414,010 


38,194 
42,377 
61,372 
47,532 
39,902 
35,363 
45,830 
41,374 
33,431 
39,705 

466,604 


37,643 
42,285 
61,480 
47,332 
39,902 
35,363 
45,646 
41,374 
33,431 
39,705 

462,799 


551 
92 
92 


99 
109 
141 
116 

113 
113 
109 
77 
31 
96 

1,301 












.. . . 






































184 






































3,805 


















343 
462 
584 
444 
552 
610 
511 
450 
392 
498 

5,519 


219,647 
381,994 
487,686 
421,417 
559,400 
540,497 
440,640 
443,527 
401,686 
515,731 

7,189,824 


289 
396 
489 
369 
457 
489 
412 
374 
321 
418 

1,970 


201,187 
343.369 
441,020 
371,248 
508,920 
474,195 
392,922 
410,579 
376,187 
478,588 

3,747,215 


54 

66 
95 
75 
93 
121 
99 
76 
71 
80 

3,549 


18,460 
38,625 
46,666 
50,169 
50,480 
66,302 
47,718 
32,948 
25,499 
37,143 

3,442,609 


33,776 
47,641 
55,330 
42,857 
56,046 
60,270 
43,127 
43,733 
36,777 
48,047 

174,163 


33,649 
47,387 
54,950 
42,350 
55,792 
59,890 
41,873 
43,099 
36,523 
47,286 

154,994 


127 
254 
380 
507 
254 
380 
254 
634 
234 
761 

19,169 


85 
98 
172 
129 
139 
188 
145 
114 
108 
123 

4,303 


















































































3 




3 










532 
490 
502 
565 
559 
611 
585 
60O 
516 
559 

6,036 


814,922 
661,. 598 
631,226 
771,835 
762,460 
733,027 
712,769 
737,919 
630,818 
713,250 

5,323,277 


234 
206 
208 
199 
210 
215 
213 
161 
165 
159 

5,1-50 


448,984 
351 ,729 
377,086 
381,568 
411,351 
393,496 
398,484 
334,804 
322,132 
327,381 

4,888,471 


298 
284 
294 
366 
349 
396 
372 
439 
351 
400 

886 


395,938 
309,869 
244,140 
390,267 
351,109 
339,531 
314,285 
403,115 
308,686 
385,669 

434,806 


22,835 
16,053 
17,954 
17,429 
20,462 
18,342 
18,402 
14,407 
13,330 
14,749 

457,169 


20,832 
13,955 
16,142 
15,017 
17,601 
15,681 
16,590 
13,549 
11,613 
13,414 

456,558 


2,003 
2,098 
1,812 
1,812 
2,861 
2,861 
1,812 
858 
1,717 
1,335 

611 


336 
327 
364 
480 
480 
517 
508 
537 
470 
464 

2,131 










2 




2 










1 




1 
















































Shelby 


1 


1 








1880 


452 
567 
C65 
573 
818 
607 
636 
587 
512 
619 

7,447 


322,694 
424,571 
590,530 
542,016 
733,903 
534,238 
513,385 
540,181 
516,249 
603,510 

6,190,851 


427 
494 
514 
466 
700 
513 
567 
482 
449 
538 

6,274 


305,428 
398,829 
520,395 
483,716 
665,192 
496,254 
481,804 
486,229 
483,759 
566,835 

5,699,591 


25 
73 
151 
107 
118 
94 
69 
103 
63 
81 

1,173 


17,266 
25,742 
70,1.35 
58,300 
70,711 
37,954 
31,581 
53,952 
32,490 
36,675 

491,260 


36,682 
42,298 
49,034 
43,194 
63, .560 
45,381 
48,010 
41,476 
39,681 
47,853 

677,833 


36,682 
42,298 
48,831 
43,194 
63,458 
45,381 
47,908 
41,374 
39,579 
47,853 

676,916 




125 

163 
365 
263 
234 
213 
148 
230 
154 
234 

2,188 


















1S82 


203 


1 


1 










102 
















188G 


102 
102 
102 
















1888 


















917 


















166 
336 
601 
868 
905 
834 
909 
858 
987 
980 

. 4,918 


87,500 
176,568 
479,671 
684,975 
741,997 
635,414 
752,404 
683,461 
934,911 
1,011,950 

3,816,554 


151 
309 
549 
729 
783 
. 679 
783 
682 
808 
802 

3,812 


83,714 
166,288 
458,033 
637,886 
686,745 
379,496 
701,110 
622,627 
846,203 
917,489 

3,313,405 


15 

27 
55 
139 
123 
155 
126 
176 
179 
178 

1,106 


3,786 
10,280 
21,638 
47,089 
55,252 
55,918 
51,294 
62,834 
88,708 
94,461 

503,149 


24,366 
36,950 
■ 75,184 
81,733 
89,2-45 
67,337 
80,460 
65,216 
79,118 
78,224 

368,435 


24,366 
36,950 
73,184 
81,733 
89,114 
67,337 
80,329 
65,085 
78,856 
77,962 

367,203 




31 

47 
77 
210 
218 
302 
256 
317 
359 
371 

1,9-46 








1881 




















1883 












131 


















131 
131 
262 
262 

1,233 


































1 


1 








1880 


475 
509 
556 
523 
554 
494 
527 
467 
3S9 
424 


303,010 
370,274 
388,247 
436,394 
447,489 
■358,467 
434,625 
416,162 
279,189 
382,697 


380 
393 
403 
410 
439 
379 
432 
372 
289 
313 


260,972 
330,171 
313,693 
357,416 
396,8-48 
304,608 
390,930 
381,633 
249,731 
■ 327,414 


95 
114 
153 
113 
115 
115 
95 
95 
100 
111 


42,038 
40,103 
74,554 
78,978 
50,641 
53,859 
43,693 
.34,540 
29,458 
55,283 


36,532 
40,163 
35,400 
41,388 
43,264 
32,969 
42,849 
37,151 
28,288 
30,431 


36,429 
40,060 
35,297 
41,183 
43,059 
32,866 
42,541 
37,151 
28,288 
30,328 


103 
103 
103 
205 
205 
103 
308 


165 
167 
262 
236 
30-1 
195 
142 
191 
161 
233 
















1882 
















1884 
















1886 


1 


1 








1888 










1889 


103 









REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD. 



37 



Table 1.— IOWA— NUMBER AND AMOUNT OP EEAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD, ETC.— Continued. 



MORTGAGES STATING AMOUNT OF DEBT. 



Number. Amount. 



NUMBER OF . 



; MORTGAGED. 



Stated. Estimated, 



NUMBER OF 

LOTS 
MORTGAGED. 



NUMBER OF MORT- 
GAGES NOT STATING 
AMOUNT OF DEBT. 



acres, lots. 



1883.. 
188G.. 
18S7.. 



1881.. 
1882.. 
188.3.. 
1884.. 



1884.. 
1883.. 
1880.. 
1887.. 



Wapello.. 

1880.. 
1881.. 



1884 

1885 

1886 

1887 

1883 

1889 

Washington.. 



1834,. 
1885.. 
1886.. 
1887.. 



$5,376,333 



4,363 ^,883,403 



426,800 



422,136 



2,470 



409,388 
530,710 
646,548 
737,895 
637,993 
587,737 
546,477 
498,567 
485,081 
493,951 



345,.345 
460,481 
554,560 
610,515 
433,577 
341,780 
340,810 
415,411 
399,658 
343,359 



233,808 
357,698 
466,611 
502,547 
490,607 
271,946 
339,560 
281,661 
349,309 
347,392- 



108,135 
149,379 
187,280 
159,573 
119,328 
110,336 
160,688 
150,962 
178,852 
137,522 



320,523 
428,196 
423,796 
372,0.31 
354,161 
406,242 
377,283 
533,861 
446,955 
481,070 



226,013 
316,409 
414,010 
44-1,537 
363,504 
329,004 
326,510 
333,520 
320,996 
316,601 



189,609 
147,845 
315,202 
485,740 
3-31,993 
372,911 
295,732 
293,210 
319,210 
357,340 



158,208 
217,801 
372,024 
377,039 
300,455 
202,524 
252,523 
276,189 
246,919 
220,019 



354,681 
447,258 
574,933 
047,148 
580,902 
494,141 
481,301 
435,585 
441,171 
428,223 



54,707 
83,458 
71,615 
90,747 
57,091 
93,596 
65,116 
02,982 
43,910 
67,728 

475,735 



36,191 
43,064 
52,416 
51,948 
48,206 
42,892 
42,458 
40,051 
80,607 
32,967 

441.270 



35,449 
42,852 
51,886 
51,100 
47,676 
42,574 
42,246 
39,733 
30,183 
32,437 

435,270 



301,540 
412,299 
498,106 
519,557 
373,408 
304,535 
309,312 
374,775 
368,949 
307,220 



43,805 
48,182 
50.4.54 
90,958 
00,109 
37,245 
31,498 
40,036 
30,709 
30,139 



45,330 
50,733 
59,014 
60,152 
42,894 
34,079 
32,627 
42,314 
39,622 
34,505 

304,441 



190,961 
252,959 
311,248 
282,664 
282,287 
209,344 
252,758 
229,945 
273,565 
.245,802 

1,220,193 



42,847 
104,739 
135,303 
219,883 
208,320 
02,602 
86,802 
51,716 
75,744 
101,590 

241,882 



27,050 
30,304 
38,187 
33,301 
33,023 
23,565 
29,075 
27,098 
30,-159 
31,179 

148,849 



90,481 
121,949 
151,688 
122, .394 
90,008 
89,463 
144,091 
133,. 343 
146,077 
U7,S99 



149,370 
194,302 
216,7.58 
182,921 
177,978 
187,241 
166,739 
218,695 
146,864 
173,393 



201,984 
286,158 
372,350 
402,136 
333,935 
298,295 
2.53,900 
312,710 
283,177 
279,734 



143,633 
99,105 
254,546 
416,804 
293,433 
302,000 
244,842 
249,511 
231,022 
302,393 



137,214 
187,770 
328,374 
340,409 
275,494 
183,580 
225,419 
212,300 
220,854 
206,903 



17,654 
27,430 
35,592 
37,179 
22,720 
20,893 
15,997 
13,019 
32,175- 
19,623 



171,147 
233,894 
207,038 
189,710 
176,183 
219,001 
210,544 
313,166 
300,091 
307,677 

386,531 

24,029 
30,251 
41,666 
42,201 
29,569 
30,709 
72,610 
40,810 
37,819 
30,807 

520,215 

45,950 
48,080 
60,650 
08,930 
38,558 
70,303 
50,890 
43,099 
37,588 
54,947 

275,228 

20,994 
30,031 
43,050 
30,030 
24,961 
18,944 
27,074 
33,823 
20,005 
19,056 



12,764 
16,562 
14,042 
15,8.32 
12,147 
12,055 
18,091 
15,745 
16,921 
14,690 

165,550 

14,168 
10,247 
18,489 
16,962 
14,514 
15,716 
15,118 
24,740 
14,095 
15,495 

292,302 

20,602 
29,227 
35,120 
43,225 
33,928 
26,700 
23,624 
28,015 
26,542 
24,779 

213,218 

13,383 
7,571 
21,124 
31,851 
28,074 
25,310 
22,335 
20,830 
21,807 
22,727 

279,600 

20,202 
22,068 
36,337 
40,570 
34,036 
22,534 
26,219 
28,001 
26,103 
22,808 



44,674 
49,421 
53,545 
59,308 
42,519 
33,610 
32,533 
41,658 
39,153 



297,598 



25,800 
29,578 
37,254 
32,079 
32,297 
23,047 
29,200 
27,070 
30,148 
30,453 

148,325 



12,704 
10,387 
13,867 
15,832 
12,147 
11,908 
18,091 
15,058 
16,921 
14,690 

164,416 

14,168 
10,090 
18,338 
10,811 
14,514 
15,489 
15,042 
24,519 
13,944 
15,495 

291,486 

20,602 
29.052 
34,770 
43,050 
33,840 
26,700 
23,624 
28,515 
26,434 
24,779 

213,804 

13,383 
7,394 
20,682 
31,586 
27,986 
25,139 
22,535 
20,830 



20,202 
22,008 
36,337 
40,570 
34,036 
22,534 
20,219 
28,001 
20,013 
22,868 



38 FABMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 

TABLE 1 ^lOWA— NUMBER AND AMOUNT OF REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES PLACED ON RECORD, ETC.— Continued. 





MORTGAGES STATING AMOUNT OF DEBT. 


NUMEEE OF ACRES MOETGAGED. 


NUMBER OF 

LOTS 
MORTGAGED. 


NUMBER OF MORT- 


COUNTIES AND 
YEARS. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 


AMOUNT OF DEBT. 




Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Number. 


Amount. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated. 


Total. 


On 


On 

lots. 




5,360 


$3,869,813 


4,003 


$3,082,115 


1,357 


$787,698 


386,486 


381,423 


5,063 


2,392 


1 


1 










289 
438 
582 
524 
705 
688 
345 
519 
502 
•768 

2,481 


203,311 
277,408 
443,407 
389,754 
501,811 
509,106 
186,134 
412,102 
355,359 
591,361 

1,242,542 


202 
345 
407 
387 
578 
519 
175 
383 
378 
629 

2,107 


149,601 
222,097 
310,849 
291,853 
431,477 
418,348 
112,498 
335,402 
290,814 
519,110 

1,136,674 


87 
93 
175 
137 
127 
109 
170 
130 
■ 124 
139 

374 


53,710 
55,311 
132,558 
97,901 
70,834 
90,758 
73,636 
76,700 
64,545 
72,245 

105,858 


20,617 
34,085 
38,652 
37,841 
57,060 
53,720 
12,752 
35,270 
33,965 
62,524 

197,448 


20,307 
33,508 
37,929 
37,118 
56,440 
53,203 
12,545 
34,857 
33,758 
61,698 

193,310 


310 

517 
723 
723 
620 
517 
207 
413 
207 
826 

4,138 


133 
157 
284 
232 
217 
300 
320 
264 
210 
275 

829 










1 


I:^~ 


1 




|xXo 




1 


^™^ 




1 


■^r^ 


t 


1 


r-rrj? 




1 




1 


1 








|?r^ 


1 
























149 
173 
197 
152 
230 
273 
245 
295 
400 
367 

3,084 


66,280 
82,996 
77,692 
73,602 
120,130 
137,695 
130,681 
145,700 
198,584 
209,122 

3,079,385 


120 
151 
159 
126 
195 
249 
211 
252 
323 
321 

2,852 


60,769 
77,057 
67,036 
64,039 
109,541 
130,258 
119,893 
134,273 
178,413 
195,395 

2,590,603 


29 
22 
38 
20 
35 
24 
34 
43 
77 
46 

832 


5,511 

5,939 
10,650 

9,623 
10,589 

7,437 
10,788 
11,427 
20,171 
13,727 

488,722 


12,246 
15,576 
14,089 
12,828 
17,684 
23,252 
20,778 
22,165 
29,027 
29,803 

259,473 


11,936 
15,162 
13,882 
12,518 
17,003 
23,045 
20,054 
22,002 
28,199 
29,389 

259,379 


310 

414 
207 
310 
621 
207 
724 
103 
828 
414 

94 


52 
41 
82 
60 
54 
40 
84 
128 
160 
138 

888 








Igq^ 








r?^;r 


1 






















i^i 








^?2fi 








^2^^ 

























Winneshiek 










489 
361 
413 
359 
357 
377 
329 
369 
289 
341 

15,569 


339,908 
298,069 
351,773 
318,023 
296,008 
308,980 
262,637 
344,916 
259,404 
299,007 

20,580,154 


405 
285 
325 
265 
200 
280 
256 
271 
230 
263 

5,464 


299,708 
251,116 
303,373 
263,902 
242,431 
263,999 
232,264 
252,627 
224,527 
256,716 

7,138,924 


84 
76 
88 
94 
91 
91 
73 
98 
59 
78 

10,105 


40,200 
40,953 
48,400 
54,121 
53,637 
44,981 
30,373 
92,289 
34,877 
42,891 

13,441,230 


37,188 
20,071 
30,482 
25,314 
22,698 
27,705 
21,718 
24,176 
20,350 
23,171 

632,580 


37,188 
20,671 
30,482 
25,314 
22,698 
27,705 
21,718 
24,176 
20,350 
23,077 

631,824 




80 
78 
94 
101 
100 
104 
77 
106 
02 
86 

25,370 












■ 














































































94 
756 


























428 
610 
1,053 
988 
1,320 
1,372 
1,532 
2,581 
2,632 
3,053 

2,000 


286,394 

522,392 

778,410 

964,247 

1,131,617 

1,295,447 

1,901,526 

4,213,703 

3,786,440 

5,639,918 

1,620,073 


244 
311 
567 
504 
070 
713 
670 
570 
527 
076 

2,374 


160,305 
298,271 
505,483 
541,609 
634,326 
747,835 
928,792 

1,575,470 
718,833 

1,028,000 

1,541,302 


184 

299 

486 

484 

6.50 

659 

856 

2,005 

2,105 

2,377 

226 


126,089 

224,121 

272,927 

422,638 

497,291 

547,612 

1,0.32,734 

2,638,293 

3,067,607 

4,011,918 

79,371 


27,664 
40,089 
72,016 
65,687 
74,624 
83,983 
81,923 
62,407 
51,918 
72,269 

221,700 


27,664 
40,089 
71,638 
65,435 
74,498 
83,983 
81,923 
62,407 
51,918 
72,269 

220,202 




335 

606 

771 

840 

1,228 

1,078 

1,517 

5,367 

6,813 

0,815 

266 




















378 
252 
126 










































































1,498 


4 


3 


1 








242 
262 
268 
245 
234 
226 
291 
260 
333 
239 

4,498 


142,961 
216,655 
174,772 
136,670 
140,799 
134,236 
191,027 
147,495 
182,544 
153,. 514 

3,008,528 


213 
239 
243 
223 
217 
207 
267 
242 
298 
225 

3,506 


130,082 
203,096 
166,018 
128,710 
134,260 
130,080 
182,674 
143,271 
172,856 
150,237 

2,695,829 


29 
23 
25 
22 
17 
19 
24 
18 
35 
14 

992 


12,879 
13,559 
8,754 
7,954 
0,533 
4,150 
8,353 
4,224 
9,688 
3,277 

312,099 


20,536 
26,456 
23,893 
19,146 
19,284 
18,667 
25,750 
21,450 
24,754 
21,764 

375,211 


20,429 
26,242 
23,786 
18,932 
19,177 
18,500 
25,429 
21,450 
24,433 
21,764 

332,451 


107 
214 
107 
214 
107 
107 
S21 


30 
23 
30 
25 
16 
IS 

36 
50 
13 

1,818 
















1882 
































1 

1 


2 






1 




321 


1 










42,760 


















242 
350 
530 
496 
557 
475 
498 
440 
448 
442 


122,722 
229,131 
326,243 
327,552 
371,221 
305,048 
340,270 
289,468 
350,299 
345,974 


212 
289 
422 
385 
451 
370 
301 
339 
348 
329 


115,683 
214,566 
280,032 
292,553 
344,992 
266,103 
298,255 
259,340 
316,578 
307,727 


SO 
61 
128 
111 
106 
105 
137 
101 
100 

lis 


7,039 
14,565 
46,211 
34,999 
26,229 
39,545 
42,015 
30,128 
33,721 
38,247 


24,388 
32,590 
45,618 
41,298 
47,382 
38,170 
38,331 
33,497 
36,902 
30,975 


23,918 
81,063 
42,681 
36,364 
41,508 
31,944 
34,:337 
27,506 
31,076 
31,454 


470 
1,.527 
2,937 
4,934 
5,874 
0,226 
3,994 
5,091 
5,280 
5,521 


• 42 
440 
183 
104 
167 
156 
208 
140 
146 
172 

























































































RECORDED REAL ESTATE MORTGAGE DEBT IN FORCE. 



39 



Table 3.— AliABAMA— TOTAL EECOEDED EEAL ESTATE MOETGAGE DEBT IN FOECE JANUAEY 1, 1890, BY, COUNTIES. 



COUNTIES. 


EEAL E 


STATE MOKTG.iGE DEBT. 


Average 

amount of 

debt to 

one of 

population. 


AVERAGE LIFE IN YEAES. 


PEKCENTAGES OF PAETI AL PAY- 
MENTS OF OEIGINAL AMOUNIS 
OF EXISTING LOANS FOE DEBT 
PEEIOD. 




Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 


Total. 


For acres. 


For lots. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 




©9,027,983 


828,762,387 


810,265,596 


$26 


2.734047+ 


2.977249- 


2.136208 + 


10.72- 


10.68— 


10.83+ 






148,400 
71,156 
568,280 
484,941 
387^687 

379,053 
300,551 
1,492,162 
322,804 
130,112 

239,.598 
101,161 
87,015 
71,660 
50,173 

122,309 
1,406,460 
141,634 
160,644 
37,807 

172,172 
130,309 
107,808 
632,755 
795,047 

276,979 
74,297 
611,560 
117,074 
■ 391,127 

50,450 
159,831 
222,502 
363,255 
197,353 

14,792,189 
83,577 
898,182 
111,511 
290,976 

185,210 
526,562 
152,5.50 
731,144 
379,784 

35,284 
223,738 
468,894 
150,145 
1,307,625 

1,571,061 
386,635 
142,240 
438,333 
76,507 

172,557 
2.54,910 
1,035,992 
190,072 
351,579 

337,379 

1,459,562 

912,137 

40,744 
292,770 

22,008 


146,129 
70,632 
456,277 
479,121 
365,700 

328,979 
286,373 
907,214 
307,284 
121,059 

233,132 
98,890 
85,484 
69,720 
43,707 

117,892 
1,048,307 
128,189 
1.59,563 
37,485 

170,473 
99,269 
106,320 
396,388 
451,979 

269,957 
63,584 
390,400 
114,487 
388,540 

48,597 
155,796 
209,889 
341,974 
147,947 

9,653,122 
78,717 
300,715 
105,012 
257,744 

170,207 
513,949 
148,388 
443,835 
355,425 

33,990 
214,492 
125,965 
148,107 
590,759 

1,097,331 
336,058 
140,222 
418,775 
71,980 

159,692 
240,683 
1.026,982 
181,242 
267,512 

327,679 

1,271,524 

883,762 

40,301 
279,052 

20,828 


2,271 

524 

112,003 

5,820 

21,987 

50,074 
14,178 
584,948 
15,520 
9,053 

0,466 
2,271 
1,531 
1,940 
0,466 

4,417 

358,153 

13,415 

1,081 

322 

1,699 
31,010 

1,488 
2.36,367 
343,068 

7,022 
10,713 
221,160 
2,587 
2,587 

1,853 
4,035 
12,013 
21,281 
49,400 

5,139,067 

4,860 

597,467 

6,499 

33,232 

15,003 
12,613 
4,162 
287,309 
24,359 

1,294 
9,246 

342,929 
2,038 

710,866 

473,730 
50,577 

2,018 
19,558 

4,527 

12,865 
14,227 
9,010 
8,830 
84,067 

9,700 
188,038 
23,375 
443 
13,118 
1,180 


11 
8 
16 
35 
18 

14 
14 
44 
12 
6 

16 
6 
4 

4 

10 
70 
10 
10 
5 

11 
10 
6 
13 
38 

13 
9 

28 
9 

37 

5 
7 
8 
15 

167 
6 

38 
5 

10 

9 
17 

8 
19 
11 

3 

12 
9 
8 

23 

65 
13 
6 

18 
4 

7 
15 
50 

6 

12 

13 
48 
57 

5 
10 

3 


2.731500 
2.422901 
2.789166 
3.523742 
3.481627 

2.710652 
2.429369 
2.498390 
3.421913 
3.484379 

3.545939 
2.763375 
2.450330 
3.423282 
3.881395 

2.414469 
2.673896 
2.403307 
3.519949 
2.446S12 

2.419862 
3.562828 
2.416119 
2.441009 
2.942365 

2.731455 
2.716483 
2.783798 
3.583131 
3.420726 

2.349614 
2.664722 
2.780708 
2.400598 
3.008786 

2.753993 
3.524583 
2.286645 
3.002805 
3.345835 

3.026124 
2.730145 
3.211273 
2.362S83 
2.727457 

3.119079 
2.989561 
2.129711 
2.417745 
2.350357 

2.231157 
2.628607 
2.748402 
2.410322 
3.621330 

2.681207 
3.556159 
3.382717 
2.740389 
3.109136 

3.505891 
2.944401 
3.5297% 
4.582339 
2.682693 
3.536333 


2.733174 
2.420019 
2.733174 
3.538108 
3.538108 

2.733174 
2.420019 
3.538108 
3.538108 
3.538108 

3.53810S 
2.733174 
2.420019 
3.538108 
3.538108 

2.420019 
3.041108 
2.420019 
3.538108 
2.420019 

2.420019 
3.538108 
2.420019 
2.733174 
3.538108 

2.733174 
2.741432 
3.538108 
3.538108 
3.538108 

2.420019 
2.718996 
2,733174 
2.420019 
3.041168 

3.048686 
3.538108 
3.04U68 
3.041168 
3.538108 

3.041168 
2.733174 
3.199821 
3.041168 
2.733174 

3.538108 
3.041108 
2.420019 
2.420019 
2.733174 

3.04H68 
2.733174 
2.733174 
2.420019 
3.538108 

2.733174 
3.538108 
3.538108 
2.733174 
3.538108 

3.538108 
3.538108 
3.538108 
4.594821 
2.733174 
3.538108 


2.346774 
4.560000 
3.00.5301 
2.151874 
2.065409 

2.467122 
2.584246 
2.127453 
2.629407 
2.873694 

3.703191 
5.127932 
5. 192400 
2.557998 
5.282003 

1.957299 
2.069597 
1.957299 
2.127453 
5.360568 

1.957299 
3.623303 
1.957299 
1.841572 
2.127453 

2.097780 
1.957299 
2.460866 
7.006901 
2.017774 

2.100938 
1,502587 
3.728373 
1,957299 
2.069597 

2.121558 
2.127453 
2.069597 
2.069597 
2.127453 

2.692426 
2.592295 
3,878957 
2.069597 
2.097780 

1,031621 
2.292072 
2.104883 
1.957299 
2.085161 

2.069597 
1.537473 
4.963636 
1.957299 
8.223897 

1.609988 
3.837556 
2.127453 
2.849231 
2.157888 

2.717808 
2.32B606 
2.127453 
4.355000 
1.700358 
2.127453 


17.19+ 
17.23- 
16.40— 
17.21- 
17.01+ 

16.69- 
17.06- 
7.19+ 
17.05+ 
16.96— 

17.14+ 
17.16+ 
17.18 + 
17.14+ 
16.70- 

17.10+ 
6.46— 
16.85- 
17.23+ 

17.22+ 

]6!22- 
17.20+ 
15.61 + 
7.40— 

17.15+ 
16.63+ 
15.67— 
17.16+ 
17.23+ 

17.10+ 
17.15 
17.01+ 
17.01— 
6.44— 

6.81 
17.01— 

8.61+ 
17.01— 
16.76+ 

16.91— 
17.10- 
17.14+ 
7.20— 
16.98+ 

17.10— 
17.08+ 
13.97+ 
17.20+ 
14.84+ 

0.71+ 
16.69 + 
17.20- 
17.07— 
17.00 + 

16,03 + 
17.02- 
5.12— 
17.06- 
16.21+ 

17.14- 
5.78- 
17.15- 
17.21 + 
17.07— 
17.03- 


17.26 
17.26 
17.26 
17.26 
17.26 

17.26 
17.26 
5.07 
17.25 
17.26 

17.26 
17.26 
17.26 
17.26 
17.26 

17.26 
5.07 
17.26 
17.26 
17.26 

17.26 
17.26 
17.26 
17.26 
5.07 

17.26 
17.26 
17.26 
17.26 
17.26 

17.26 
17.26 
17.26 
17.26 
5.07 

4.85 
17.26 

5.07 
17.26 
17.26 

17.26 
17.26 
17.26 
5.07 
17.26 

17.26 
17.26 
17.26 
17.26 
17.26 

5.07 
17.26 
17.26 
17.26 
17.26 

17.20 
17.26 
5.07 
17.26 
17.26 

17.26 
5.07 
17.26 
17.26 
17.26 
17.26 
















































Clarke 


12.70 


Clay 










12 70 




10.30 




12 70 








12.70 








12 70 








12.70 




10.30 




12.70 








12.70 




12.70 




12.70 




12.70 




12.70 




12.70 




12.70 




10.30 




10.30 




12.70 




10.30 




12.70 


Lee 


12.70 




12.70 




12.70 




12.70 




10.30 




12.70 




12.70 




12.70 




12,70 




12.70 




12.70 




10.30 




12.70 




12.70 




12.70 




12.70 




12.70 




12.70 


Shelby 


10.30 




12.70 




12.70 




12.70 




10.30 




12.70 




12.70 




12.70 




12.70 







40 FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 

TABLE S.— IOWA— TOTAL RECOEDED EEAL ESTATE MOETGAGE DEBT IN FOECE JANUAEY 1, 1890, BY COUNTIES. 



REAL ESTATE MOETGAGE DEBT. 



Average 
amount of 

debt to 

one of 

population. 



PEKCENTAGES OP PAKTIAL PAY- 
MERTS OF OKIGIKAL AMOUNTS 
OF EXISTING LOANS FOK DEBT 



On acres. On lots. 



Adair 

Adams 

Allamakee . 
Appanoose . 
Audubon 



Ecnton 

Black Hawk.. 

Boone 

Bremer 

Bucbanan 



Buena Vista.. 

Butler 

Calboun 

Carroll 

Cass 



Cedar 

Cerro Gordo.. 

Cherokee 

Chickasaw.... 
Clarke 



Clay 

Clayton .... 
Clinton .... 
Crawford . 
Dallas 



Davis 

Decatur 

Delaware 

Des Moines.. 
Dickinson ... 



Dubuque . 
Emmet.... 
Fayette.... 

Floyd 

Franklin . 



Fremont... 

Greene 

Grundy .... 
Guthrie.... 
Hamilton . 



Hancock.. 
Hardin .... 
Harrison.. 

Henry 

Howard.., 



Humboldt . 

Ida 

Iowa 

Jackson 

Jasper 

Jefferson ... 
Johnson.... 

Jones 

Keokuk 

Kossuth .... 



Lee 

Linn 

Louisa 

Lucas , 

Lyon 

Madison ... 
Mahaska .. 
Marion.... 
Marshall.., 
Mills 



Mitchell 

Monona 

Monroe 

Montgomery . 
Muscatine 



O'Brien .... 

Osceola 

Page 

Palo Alto;.. 
Plymouth ., 



Pocahontas 

Polk 

Pottawattamie . 

Poweshiek 

Ringgold 



Sac 

Scott 

Shelby.. 
Sioux.... 
Story.... 



1,609,138 

1,093,954 

841,007 

817,889 

1,756,405 

2,103,450 
2,021,289 
1,836,001 
1,140,301 
1,497,644 

2,298,811 
1,632,678 
1,203,202 
2,280,878 
2,463,243 

2,307,486 
1,534,454 
2,495,120 
1,353,498 
8.54,045 

1,511,143 
1,652,300 
4,777,849 
2,584,099 
733,261 

798,013 

885,729 

1,636,109 

2,305,709 

653,681 

3,871,834 
547,601 
1,782,971 
1,419,595 
1,966,972 

1,544,187 
1,714,773 
1,660,732 
1,607,805 
1,315,037 

1,235,490 

1,799,097 

2,331,389 

924,311 

795,443 

1,270,889 
1,767,350 
1,677,536 
2,002,036 
2,655,823 



1,769,666 
1,991,036 
1,637,096 
1,862,090 

1,830,454 
4,618,140 
1,018,311 
906,404 
2,313,513 

1,441,695 
1,861,877 
1,410,807 
2,607,002 
1,008,346 

1,062,319 
2,082,436 
1,104,241 
2,191,830 
1,938,426 

2,339,112 
1,158,421 



1,. 339,011 
11,084,161 
7,661,026 
2,033,699 
1,545,556 

2,136,089 
3,121,002 
2,501,267 
3,390,931 
1,661,047 



1,544,275 

1,005,543 

736,401 

653,780 

1,672,924 

1,915,791 
1,247,285 
1,517,359 
1,022,193 
1,267,982 

2,001,441 
1,538,775 
1,155,316 
2,006,105 
2,137,170 

2,235,876 
1,296,896 
2,250,606 
1,226,853 
768,799 

1,393,841 
1,497,796 
2,473,623 
2,467,905 
607,402 

742,756 
802,109 
1,472,298 
876,205 
600,198 

1,800,218 
479,949 
1,592,262 
1,247,512 
1,853,705 

1,405,942 
1,570,068 
1,589,184 
1,500,523 
1,262,538 

1,168,806 

1,.560,700 

2,033,240 

794,351 

710,687 

1,184,853 
1,633,023 
1,596,016 
1,782,039 
2,392,060 



1,546,132 
1,778,023 
1,347,493 
1,661,885 

708,037 

2,024,369 

936,739 

790,641 

2,190,285 

1,366,235 
1,384,562 
1,237,666 
1,883,731 
862,476 

923,667 
1,993,144 
1,028,623 
1,804,469 
1,399,871 

2,093,845 
1,067,010 
1,662,634 
842,586 
3,359,018 

1,258,045 
2,350,395 
3,880,118 
1,728,584 
1,481,664 

1,984,256 
1,670,647 
2,382,269 
3,138,122 
1,489,974 



64,863 
88,411 
104,606 
164,109 
83,481 

187,659 
774,004 
319,242 
124,108 
229,662 

297,370 
93,903 
47,886 
274,773 
326,073 

71,610 
237,558 
244,514 
126,645 

85,246 

117,302 
154,504 
2,304,226 
116,194 
125,859 

55,257 
83,620 
163,811 
1,489,504 
53,483 

2,071,616 
67,652 
190,709 
172,083 
113,267 

138,245 
144,105 

71,548 
107,282 

52,499 

66,684 
238,397 
298,149 
129,960 

84,756 



134,327 
81,520 
219,997 
263,763 

201,858 
223,5.34 
213,013 
289,003 
200,205 

1,122,417 

2,593,771 

81,572 

115,703 

123,228 

•75,460 
477,315 
173,141 
724,171 
145,870 

138,652 
89,292 
75,619 
287,361 
538,555 

245,267 
91,411 
317,939 
102,303 
381,399 

81,566 

8,733,766 

3,781,508 

305,115 

63,892 

151,833 
1,450,355 
118,998 
252,809 
171,073 



4.494051 


4.553711 


3.518707 


4.68712S 


4.742913 


4.240144 


5.13-1301 


5.254006 


4.260902 


4.779110 


4.930465 


4.205562 


4.750096 


4.803944 


3.698034 


5.071379 


5.200,343 


3.071016 


5.395770 


5.622911 


4.820714 


4.720849 


4.814414 


4.29.3486 


5.200863 


5.368813 


4.5S6216 


5.240218 


5.292554 


5.048097 


4.997155 


5.134982 


4.404563 


5.374868 


5.661863 


3.22S2S4 


4.612231 


4.626981 


4.2C0080 


4.686430 


4.775866 


4.183200 


4.869092 


5.012151 


4.091497 


5.288150 


5.334862 


3.871429 


5.227257 


5.554940 


4.100C0O 


5.164953 


5.190121 


4.891802 


6.146250 


6.330081 


4.438713 


5.065978 


5.293229 


3.505370 


4.498103 


4.611729 


3.447555 


5.291963 


5.371232 


4.710303 


5.122264 


5.499915 


4.022415 


4.502681 


4.578417 


3.184918 


4.572106 


4.743246 


4.101838 


4.972516 


5.118569 


3.682825 


4.440103 


4.5C6460 


3.593709 


4.859148 


5.031228 


3.801778 


4.863911 


4.989443 


4.787405 


4.681748 


4.797778 


4.402903 


5.135255 


5.454064 


4.803319 


4.681748 


4.797778 


3.587108 


5.078783 


5.196894 


4.186449 


5.380926 


5.619623 


4.408077 


5.344111 


5.415303 


4.795282 


4.594754 


4.660483 


4.165771 


4.726336 


4.761401 


4.278909 


5.089141 


5.201062 


3.263400 


4.450541 


4.557024 


3.320558 


5.221335 


5.314308 


2.756B23 


5.120811 


5.215491 


3.362264 


5.124517 


5.252246 


4.552008 


4.681466 


4.799864 


4.015955 


4.870857 


5.036496 


3.S26370 


5.455426 


5.563814 


4.282770 


4.642394 


4.666461 


4.411009 


4.501778 


4.578394 


3.689012 


5.352812 


5.441781 


4.289376 


5.377697 


5.458888 


4.769881 


5.326553 


5.451228 


4.489039 


4.880519 


4.954098 


4.506583 


5.356424 


5.517529 


4.341308 


5.349300 


5.454022 


4.090863 


4.836084 


5,04-1980 


3.916768 


4.837622 


4.874654 


4.454047 


4.824688 


5.112745 


4.548798 


4.891793 


5.192546 


4.627672 


5.194508 


5.319420 


3.983287 


5.004827 


5.317278 


3.480356 


4.508428 


4.595439 


3.075972 


4. 790068 


4.874288 


3.479272 


4.780657 


4.944250 


4.466182 


4.877375 


4.889242 


4.769797 


5.081309 


5.266112 


4.590722 


4.078688 


4.754388 


4.156976 


5.296509 


5.446942 


4.080453 


4.827258 


4.869500 


3.974396 


4.835589 


4.940836 


3.823062 


4.663834 


4.822464 


3.80-1476 


5.042216 


5.262024 


4.662542 


4.508428 


4.595439 


a.969994 


4.6-44.596 


4.739189 


3.847816 


4.535584 


4.083288 


3.976654 


4.705351 


4.806409 


3.994496 


4.921097 


5.045097 


3.C020S3 


4.724641 


4.754557 


4.400565 


4.S01269 


5.207484 


4.753643 


4.600807 


4.753162 


4.291707 


5.066798 


5.28C871 


4.25S660 


4.763779 


4.807329 


4.329490 


4.942520 


4.998533 


4.541914 


5.170895 


5.501353 


4.770365 


4.985572 


5.066849 


3.649712 


4.448745 


4.490074 


4.020441 


5.2U798 


5.287263 


4.6430S7 



7.00- 
15.40— 
15.29— 

7.36- 

15.54— 
14.87+ 
8.49+ 
15.50— 
15.39+ 

8.09+ 
15.01+ 
7.28 + 
8.01+ 
7.97 

15.67+ 
15.39+ 
7.81+ 
15.53— 



7.63— 
15.53— 
14.64+ 

7.47 

8.47+ 

15.58+ 
7.78+ 

14.04 

14.30+ 
7.67- 

14.52— 
8.04+ 
15. so- 
ls. 47— 
15.01+ 

7.74— 
7.69— 

15.64+ 
7.53— 

15.65+ 

15.62— 
15.44+ 
8.08+ 
15.42 + 
15.50- 

7.54— 
7.61+ 
15.63+ 
15.49+ 
15.52— 

15.29- 



14.34— 
14.46— 
15.56- 
15.45+ 
7.41- 

7.40— 
15.16- 
15.46+ 
15.11+ 

8.23+ 

15.45— 
7.31 + 

15.59— 
8.11+ 

15.11+ 

7.87+ 
7.61+ 
8.37+ 
7.91— 
7.85— 



13.93+ 
11.25— 
15.40+ 
7.30— 

7.57— 
14.08+ 
7.36— 
7.00+ 
15.51— 



6.92 

15.74 
15.74 
6.92 
15.74 
15.74 

6.92 
15.74 
6.92 
6.92 
6.68 

15.74 



6.92 

6.92 
15.74 
15,74 
7.12 
6.92 

15.74 
6.92 
14.19 
15.74 
6.92 

15.74 



0.92 
6.92 
15.74 
6.92 



6.92 
6.92 
15.74 
15.74 
15.74 

15.74 
17.16 
15.74 
15.74 
6.92 

15.74 
15.74 
15.74 
15.74 
6.92 



15.74 
6.92 

15.74 
6.92 



6.92 
6.92 
6.92 
6.92 
6.92 

6.92 
15.74 
6.92 



15.74 
6.92 
6.92 

15.74 



EECORDED REAL ESTATE MORTGAGE DEBT IN FORCE. 



41 



Tarle 2.— IOWA— total RECOEDED REAL ESTATE MORTGAGE DEBT IN FORCE, ETC.— Continued. 



Tama 

Taylor 

Union 

Van Buren .. 
Wapello 

Warren 

Washington 

Wayne 

Webster 

Winnebago 

Winneshiek 
Woodbury... 

Worth 

Wrieht 



REAL ESTATE MORTGA 



$2,326,659 
1,604,903 
1,365,510 
617,516 
1,900,736 

1,496,596 
1,409,613 
1,029,013 
1,846,371 
735,961 

1,. 321, 588 

14,366,995 

7.33,460 

1,342,525 



1,322,039 
1,227,340 

957,938 
1,619,807 

685,084 

1,117,516 

4,527,130 

710,659 

1,218,913 



8243,791 
109,788 
281,130 



174,557 
182,273 

71,075 
226,564 

50,877 



debt t-o 

one of 

population 



AVERAGE LIFE IN YEARS. 



5.21904S 
4.692.361 
4.6.580.32 
4.928002 



5.311142 
5.086620 
5.049295 
4.908796 
5.416617 

5.292021 
4.677751 
5.432773 
4.S61730 



5.422789 
5.257762 
5.187561 
5.148311 
5.500526 

5.396558 
4.819169 
5.478814 
4.991763 



4.447402 
3.702267 
4.2.55918 
4.390514 
4.792576 

4.440620 
4.333205 
3.338221 
3.732902 
4.357268 

4.784794 
4.484633 
4.191G89 
3.968511 



PERCENTAGES OF PARTIAL PAY- 
MENTS OF ORIGINAL AMODNTS 
OF EXISTING LOANS FOR DEBT 
PERIOD. 



15.48— 
15.45— 
15.58 + 
8.04— 
15.58+ 

15.39 + 
12.82— 
15.67+ 
15.53+ 



On acres. On lots. 



15.74 
6.92 
6.92 
15.74 
15.74 

15.74 



15.74 
6.92 
15.74 
15.74 



13.43 
15.29 
15.29 
13.43 
13.43 

13.43 
13.43 
13.43 
15.29 
13.43 

13.43 
15.29 
13.43 
13.43 



42 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 



Table 3.— ALABAMA— AMOUNT OF RECORDED REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES BEARING SPECIFIED RATES OF INTEREST, 

BY YEARS. 





AMOUKT OF MOETGAGES. 




Total. 


1880. 


1881. 


1882. 


1883. 


1884. 


1885. 


1880. 


1887. 


1888. 


1889. 


The State... 


$91,099,623 


$2,610,504 


$4,210,198 


$6,431,650 


^,628,155 


86,319,339 


^,737,666 


$10,290,743' 


$22,400,371 


$13,851,848 


$13,419,149 




8,634 
45,758 
1,814 










1,934 
208 






5,700 




1,000 








45,000 
118 




550 










1,634 












62 














1,200 








130,292 

781,475 

15,626,563 

4,163,172 

10,000 

57,933,000 

2,170 

63,617 

1,860,547 

1,658 

1,654,687 

3,523,657 
700 

2,173,186 
318,746 
537,583 

1,600 

99,004 

542,833 

85,621 

1,348,464 

508 

8,388 

100 

136 

172,510 




80,000 




200 




30,000 

880 
17,872 
340,150 




200 

5,700 

3,924,199 

362,700 


19,892 




200 
23,890 
13,619 








450 

8,943,640 

156,865 


774,245 


6 ....do 


111,668 
179,030 


168,570 
646,975 


15,911 
850,500 


299,298 
1,119,200 


17,141 
274,909 


2,104,374 
219,224 




10,000 


8 ....do 


2,071,986 


3,036,191 


4,136,513 


3,629,695 


4,028,588 

2,170 
6,840 
77,857 


4,174,228 


8,560,112 


11,430,902 


8,025,158 


8,841,627 








50,000 
154,419 










2,564 
403,496 


4,213 


10 ....do 


28,485 


83,693 


120,222 


122,562 


270,452 

1,658 

215,565 

373,019 


363,409 


235,952 


11 ...do 


96,288 
141,958 


126,669 
274,140 


222,445 
575,289 


134,851 
347,169 


182,518 

287,809 
400 

234,630 
25.731 
58,176 


118,837 

246,401 
300 

370,337 
36,981 
31,714 


282,482 
518,305 


160,281 
347,088 


114,751 
412,479 






12j|....do 


47,765 
16,454 
31,085 


72,853 
33,002 
50,208 


120,445 
30,672 
69,769 

1,600 
8,438 
22,231 
12,153 
142,531 

248 
332 


223,717 
43,932 
64,007 


211,894 
41,349 
50,918 


357,729 
31,497 
60,037 


228,660 
25,133 
52,243 


285,156 
33,995 




49,426 








: 3,946 
25,343 

! 5,314 
95,759 


5,453 

23,477 
10,468 
102,527 


8,358 

36,428 

9,088 

125,260 


6,964 
38,901 

7,735 
98,386 


11,374 

50,722 

7,107 

139,356 


15,829 

76,440 

9,256 

145,193 


11,331 

72,373 

5,022 

146,737 


10,798 
99,889 
10,518 
178,554 


16,513 




97,029 




8,960 


20 ....do 


174,161 




260 




390 

! 100 


2,757 


617 


1,352 


164 


880 




246 























136 
25,992 










i 6,288 


18,062 


23,902 


18,200 


20,642 


18,131 


12,692 


14,421 


14,180 







Table 3.— IOWA— AMOUNT OF RECORDED REAL ESTATE MOETGAGES BEARING SPECIFIED RATES OF INTEREST, BY YEARS. 



The State... 


M31,288,542 


$28,905,447 


$35,659,051 


$44,721,618 


$46,729,953 


$45,575,627 


$42,716,331 


$43,009,771 


$16,851,309 


$46,217,065 


$50,902,370 


percent 


258,082 

18,301 

750 

16,827 

1,883 

59,441 

875 

14,294 

288,951 

2,617 

2,172,267 

56,120 

2,200 

55,563,051 

70,002 

2,006,332 

500 

6,100 

18,000 

94,483,753 

700 
33,950 
3,200 
5,300 
3,700 

2,063,773 

463,114 

209,621,879 

1,300 

1,000 

24,208 
19,412 
373,111 
8,225 
14,025 

6,196,382 

2,500 

1,400 

26,960 

57,278,790 

• 100 

200 

350 

10,575 

200 

22,378 

61,664 

1,105 

340 

2,200 

2,955 

400 

1,000 


19,084 
1,075 


32,659 
1,523 


29,153 


32,570 
1,522 


22,511 

6,986 

750 

1,600 


45,256 
20O 


16,350 
4,050 


22,857 
195 


14,904 
1,700 


22,738 
1,050 














3,935 


1,200 


4,092 


300 
1,683 

300 


2,500 


500 




2% do 










3,300 


1,350 


4,140 


7,835 


1,200 


2,711 
875 


8,011 


17,900 


12,694 












5,994 
31,739 
1,200 

154,649 




2,700 

44,665 

350 

286,917 
4,200 


3,300 
44,885 










9,680 


13,315 
1,067 

80,077 
1,200 


22,530 


32,815 


20,683 


35,194 


33,445 


4%... do 




5 ....do 

5K....do 


80,253 


129.803 
1,600 


211,610 
9,550 


242,587 


204,492 
2,000 


355,935 

8,300 

2,200 

6,240,703 

12,000 

364,154 


415,944 
29 270 












6 ....do 

6K—<io 


1,254,747 


2,336,134 
1,580 

74,338 


3,979,078 
430 

161,186 


6,571,605 


6,754,724 


4,297,573 


6,014,889 
10,900 

289,018 


8,198,220 
15,200 

287,355 


9,915,378 
29 892 


6}4....do 


6,000 


214,412 


86,465 


114,091 
50O 


409,313 




6%.... do 








2,600 


1,400 

600 

9,774,381 






1,500 

2,000 

12,628,548 

700 
3,000 


600 


6%... .do 






1,400 
9,595,688 


1,000 
9,640,110 


"'ib', 515", 188'" 


4,000 
10,918,911 


9,000 
13,457,289 




2,282,765 


5,800,368 


9,870,475 


7i ....do 


7i^....do 






6,020 


4,800 


3,000 


1,000 
1,600 


2,330, 


6,400 


5,400 


7A....do 




1,600 


7k....do 










1,700 




3,000 




7| ....do 








"^ 


3,700 

183,132 

34,600 

21,987,148 

1,300 










104,230 


125,160 

200 

20,145,498 


139,703 

6,700 

24,191,614 


166,779 

16,800 

23,286,851 


264,965 

48,400 

21,313,806 


277,212 

80,500 

19,943,433 


226,000 

87,850 

21,766,995 


. 336,030 

103,800 

20,924,981 


240,562 

84,264 

21,205,584 


7^... do 


8 ....do 

8%....do 


14,855,969 


8i ....do 








1,000 












SV....do 


1,558 
4,200 
35,025 




675 
2,111 

41,508 


4,400 
2,700 
33,755 


1,900 
1,900 
91,207' 


1,475 
3,300 
28,082 


7,100 

300 

40,853 

8,225 


1,400 

340 

30,835 






4,030 
17,125 


331 
37,931 




sVi... do 








8%....do 




2,300 
771,74- 




1,200 
639,077 


4,600 

591,943 
1,400 


4,200 
632,738 


1,725 
49S,618 






9 ....do 

9i4....do 


1,170,121 


662,569 
1,100 


474,714 


366,634 


391,221 


9j|....do 


1,400 

7,400 

9,050,729 
















9J^....do 


400 
6,222,574 


90O 
5,678,795 


2,200 
5,701,266 


5,000 
5,720,845 


7,880 
3,982,106 


1,880 
5,022,667 

100 
200 


1,300 
, 4,542,618 






10 ....do 

lOJ ....do 


4,753,670 


4,603,520 


10K....do 




















lOK—do 








2.50 
1,875 


100 

3,600 

200 

300 
2,085 










101{;....do 


4,625 




475 












103^....do 














11 ....do 


6,848 
6,438 


6,147 
18,659 


1,618 
8,988 


6,465 
4,491 


1,000 
3,246 










12 ....do 


4,999 
600 


4,500 


5,632 
505 


2,676 


13 ....do 


15 ....do 






250 












16 ....do 












500 






1,700 


18 ....do 








2,085 
400 


420 








19 ....do 


















20 ....do 
















1,000 

























NUMBER OF RECORDED REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES. 



43 



Table 4.— ALABAJVIA— NUMBEE OF RECORDED REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES CLASSIFIED BY AMOUNTS OF LOANS, 

BY YEARS. 





Total. 


NUMBSK OF MORTGAGES. 




1880. 


1881. 


1883. 


1883. 


1884. 


1885. 


1886. 


1887. 


1888. 


1889. 




93,828 


4,666 


6,236 


7,517 


7,473 


8,129 


9,400 


11,681 


13,217 


11,866 


13,643 








15,451 

19,774 
12,514 
9,239 
5,632 

14,398 
6,112 
2,927 
2,095 
3,407 

1,4.37 
365 
155 
88 
107 

77 
41 

7 
2 


912 
1,021 
664 
439 
285 

715 
263 
103 
83 
116 

52 
9 
1 

1 
2 


1,183 

1,393 

906 

584 

379 

893 
361 
162 
111 
161 

68 
14 
9 
1 
6 

4 
1 


1,319 

1,669 

1,008 

691 

439 

1,176 

458 
223 
154 
242 

88 
27 
6 
3 
8 

1 
4 
1 


1,104 

1,723 

1,055 

774 

455 

1,173 
470 
215 
164 
220 

85 
18 
8 

4 

2 


1,490 

1,7&3 

1,137 

811 

481 

1,196 
462 
244 
150 
217 

112 
20 

7 
1 

7 

6 
4 
1 


1,788 

2,179 

1,330 

905 

555 

1,343 
513 

233 
153 

217 

80 
18 
24 
22 
4 

34 
2 


2,016 
2,470 
1,495 
1,080 
690 

1,712 
751 
361 
284 
487 

225 
52 
21 
18 
14 

2 
3 


1,865 
2,369 
1,533 
1,257 
803 

2,179 

1,044 

617 

362 

692 

299 
87 
38 
24 
28 

9 

2 
2 


1,776 
2,489 
1,531 
1,238 
710 

1,819 
840 
342 
283 
516 

195 
60 
21 
5 
20 

10 
9 
2 


1,998 




2,678 




1,855 




1,460 




835 




2,192 




950 




427 




351 




539 




233 




00 




20 




11 




14 




9 






11 






1 





































Table 4.— IOWA— NUMBER OF RECORDED REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES CLASSIFIED BY AMOUNTS OF LOANS, 

BY YEARS. 





Total. 


JSrOMBEE OF MORTGAGES. 




1880. 


1881. 


1883. 


1883. 


1884. 


1885. 


1886. 


1887. 


1888. 


1889. 




497,710 


38,928 


44,887 


54,030 


53,383 


51,577 


50,400 


49,936 


50,708 


49,979 


53,882 








23,393 
49,233 
53,187 
49,190 
38,813 

138,892 
69,063 
28,350 
18,963 
22,125 

5,232 

723 
229 
119 

140 
41 
15 
2 


1,951 
4,447 
4,688 
4,318 
3,400 

10,850 
4,677 
1,851 
1,110 
1,273 

313 

32 
7 
2 

6 
2 
1 


2,113 
4,665 
5,208 
4,729 
3,772 

12,606 
5,804 
2,293 
1,508 
1,726 

380 
48 
14 
6 

6 
3 


2,307 
5,279 
5,827 
5,670 
4,280 

15,408 
7,398 
3,003 
1,987 
2,274 

522 
48 
13 
4 

10 


2,249 
5,046 
5,499 
5,218 
4,118 

15,229 
7,751 
3,043 
2,138 
2,422 

552 
70 
17 
9 

17 
3 

2 


2,181 
4,699 
5,245 
5,003 
3,971 

14,929 
7,459 
3,004 
2,084 
2,324 

557 
70 
20 
9 

16 
4 
2 


2,311 

4,859 
5,302 
5,058 
3,895 

14,286 
7,139 
2,814 
1,898 
2,249 

486 
68 
15 
5 

12 
3 


2,518 
4,903 
5,266 
4,823 
3,823 

13,945 
7,086 
2,809 
1,889 
2,167 

522 
93 
44 
26 

12 
3 
2 


2,470 
5,099 
5,341 
4,820 
3,765 

13,686 
7,130 
3,085 
2,003 
2,507 

617 
103 
30 
16 

24 
9 
3 


2,620 
4,816 
5,283 
4,644 
3,795 

13,569 
7,035 
2,997 
2,015 
2,450 

590 
87 
32 
23 

13 

7 
2 

1 


2,673 




5,415 




5,528 




4,907 




3,994 




14,384 




7,584 




3,451 




2,331 




2,733 




667 




104 




37 




19 




24 




7 






3 










1 























44 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 



Table 5.— ALABAMA— EXISTING EECOKDED REAL ESTATE MORTGAGE BEBT JANUARY 1, 1890, AS DETERMINED BY 
PERSONAL INQUIRY, BY SELECTED COUNTIES AND YEARS. 











ANSWERS WERE RECEIVED. 


IN FULL. 


COUNTIES AND YEAES. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 




Number. 


Original 
amount. 


Number. 


Original 
amount. 


Number. 


Original 
amount. 


Number. 


Original 
amount. 


Number. 


Original 
amount. 


Number. 


Original 
amount. 




551 


$471,545 


518 


$152,555 


33 


$18,990 


366 


$278,636 


342 


$264,268 


24 


$14,368 




1873 


10 
16 
10 
6 
10 

21 

17 
18 
21 

31 
55 
40 
34 

39 
70 
63 
90 

5,222 


22,611 
22,547 
10,419 
5,673 
6,262 

12,078 
7,819 
12,501 
10,328 

47,606 
47,303 
26,320 
21,976 

32,329 
66,330 
55,065 
64,378 

20,065,674 


10 
15 
9 
5 
10 

21 
17 
17 
19 

28 
51 
39 
32 

38 
68 
55 
84 

1,785 


22,611 
22,073 
10,188 
4,923 
6,262 

12,078 
7,819 

12,043 
7,718 

45,205 
44,118 
26,027 ■ 
21,122 

32,209 
65,771 
49,815 
62,573 

12,361,932 






10 
14 
8 
5 
10 

19 
13 
16 
18 

28 
47 
36 
29 

27 
31 
32 
23 

2,295 


22,611 
17,968 
8,356 
4,949 
6,262 

10,653 
6,044 

11,826 
9,089 

46,653 
42,032 
24.942 
18,392 

18,823 
9,011 

15,538 
5,487 

4,191,823 


10 
13 

7 
4 
10 

19 
13 
15 
16 

25 
44 
36 

27 

26 
30 
27 
20 

1,132 


22,611 

17,494 . 
8,125 
4,199 
6,262 

10,653 
6,044 

11,368 
6,479 

44,252 
39,647 
24,942 
17,538 

18,703 
8,678 

12,384 
4,889 

2,217,216 








1 

1 
1 


474 
231 
750 


1 
1 

1 


474 








1877 ; 




1878 










1879 : 












1 
2 

3 

4 

1 
2 

1 
2 
8 
6 

3,437 


458 
2,610 

2,401 

3,185 

293 

854 

120 

559 

5,2,50 

1,805 

7,703,742 


1 
2 

3 
3 


458 




1SS2 


2,401 
2,385 






1885 


2 

1 
1 
5 
3 

1,103 




1886 










3,154 


1889 




1,974,607 






19 
10 
35 

54 
61 

68 
33 
42 
32 
34 

45 
119 
122 
141 
137 

185 

547 

1,128 

1,028 

1,382 


17,916 
4,599 
12,304 
39,410 
10,746 

16,433 
23,503 
28,798 
7,790 
7,907 

20,554 
61,652 
322,898 
857,687 
556,464 

391,974 
1,573,976 
9,490,822 
3,678,597 
2,941,644 


16 
8 
18 
33 
49 

53 
23 
36 
24 
32 

29 
92 
9] 
86 
73 

107 
173 
389 
224 
■229 


16,328 
4,286 
4,492 

26,839 
8,009 

12,914 
18,294 
26,963 
4,924 
7,757 

8,675 
36,551 
306,842 
803,254 
489,388 

260,707 

610,177 

7,661,302 

1,642,332 

411,898 


3 

2 
17 
21 
12 

15 
10 
6 
8 
2 

16 
27 
31 
55 
64 

78 
374 
739 
804 
1,153 


1,588 
313 
7,812 
12,571 
2,737 

3,519 
5,209 
1,835 
2,866 
150 

11,879 
25,101 
16,056 
54,433 
67,076 

131,267 

963,799 

1,829,520 

2,036,265 

2,529,746 


19 
9 
35 
53 
59 

67 
33 
40 
31 
34 

44 
113 
114 
129 
119 

141 

348 
551 
2.51 
105 


17,916 
4,436 
12, .304 
39,210 
10,226 

16,133 
23,503 
28,331 
7,590 
7,907 

20,204 
53,662 
317,461 
852,932 
123,830 

76,955 

1,051,992 

1,163,714 

284,721 

78,796 


16 
8 
18 
33 
48 

52 
23 
34 
23 
32 

28 
88 
88 
80 
62 

85 
115 
178 
90 
31 


16,328 
4,286 
4,492 

26,839 
7,849 

12,614 
18,294 
26,496 
4,724 
7,757 

8,325 
34,561 
305,537 
801,007 
66,299 

27,690 
430,052 
326,549 

79,664 
7,253 


3 

1 
17 
20 
11 

15 

10 
6 
8 
2 

16 

25 
26 
49 
57 

56 
233 
373 
161 

74 


1,588 
150 
7,812 
12,371 
2,377 

3,519 


1871 




1873 






1876 




1,835 

2,866 

150 

11,879 
19,101 
11,924 
51,925 
57,531 

49,265 
621,340 
837,165 
205,057 

71,543 


1878 










1883 










1888 







EXISTING RECORDED REAL ESTATE MORTGAGE DEBT. 45' 

Table 5.— ALABAMA— EXISTING EECOEDED EEAL ESTATE MOETGAGE DEBT, ETC.— Continued. 





MOBTGAGES FOR 'WHICH ANSWERS WERE RECEIVED — NOT PAID IN FULL. 


COUNTIES AND YEAIiS. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 


Amount unpaid — existing debt. 




Number. 


Original 
amount. 


Number. 


Original 
amount. 


Number. 


Original 
amount. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 




185 


$192,909 


176 


8188,287 


9 


$4,622 


$159,831 


$155,790 


$4,035 




1873 






















2 
2 
1 


4,579 

2,063 

724 


2 
2 
1 


4,579 

2,063 

724 






3,079 
800 
200 


3,079 
800 
200 






























2 
4 
2 
3 

3 

8 
4 
5 

12 
39 
31 
67 

2,927 


1,425 

1,775 

675 

1,239 

953 
5,271 
1,378 
3,584 

13.506 
57,319 
39,527 
58,891 

15,873,851 


2 
4 
2 
3 

3 
7 
3 
5 

12 
38 
28 
64 

653 


1,425 

1,775 

675 

1,239 

953 

4,471 
1,085 
3,581 

13,500 
57,093 
37,431 
57,684 

10,144,716 






300 
1,775 

675 
1,099 

953 
4,635 
1,378 
3,534 

10,624 
47,077 
31,253 
52,449 

14,792,189 


300 
1,775 

675 
1,099 

9.53 
3,835 
1,085 
3,534 

10,624 
46,851 
29,637 
51,349 

9,653,122 






































1 

1 


800 
293 






















1 
3 
3 

2,274 


226 
2,0!I6 
1,207 

5,729,135 










1,100 
5,139,067 




























1 


163 






1 


163 


163 


















1 

2 

1 


200 
520 

300 






1 
1 


200 
360 


200 
270 

150 








1 
1 


100 
300 


120 
160 


150 
















2 
1 


467 
200 


i 


467 
200 






24 
200 


24 
200 






















1 
6 

8 
12 
18 

44 
199 

577 

777 

1,277 


350 

7,990 

5,437 

4,755 

432,634 

315,019 

521,984 

8,327,108 

3,393,876 

2,862,848 


1 

4 
3 
6 
11 

22 
58 
211 
134 
198 


350 

1,990 

1,305 

2,247 

423,089 

233,017 

179,525 

7,334,753 

1,502,668 

404,645 






14 

7,554 

4,757 

3,158 

430,574 

110,313 

336,147 

7,947,780 

3,205,528 

2,745,357 


14 

1,554 

1,275 

1,650 

422,069 

31,891 

111,046 

7,151,063 

1, .540, 050 

392,016 






2 
5 
6 

7 

22 
141 
366 
6-13 
1,079 


6,000 
4,132 
2,508 
9,515 

82,002 

342,4.59 

992,355 

1,831,208 

2,458,203 


6 000 








1 508 








78,422 
225,101 






796,717 




1,665,478 




2,353,341 





46 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 



Table 5. 



-IOWA— EXISTING RECORDED REAL ESTATE MORTGAGE DEBT JANUARY 1, 1890, AS DETERMINED BY 
PERSONAL INQUIRY, BY SELECTED COUNTIES AND YEARS. 





AGGKEGATE UNCANCELED EECORDED MOETGAGES FOB -WHICH 
ANSWERS WERE RECEIVED. 


MOBTGAGES FOB WHICH ANSWERS WEEK 
IN FDI-Ii. 


BECEIVED— PAID 


COTJNTIES A>T) YEARS. 


Total. 1 


On acres. 


On lots. 1 


, Total. f 


Onaeres. 1 


On lots. 




N'umber. 


Original 
amount. 


Number. 


Original 
amount. 


S'umber. 


Original . 
amount. 


Number. 


Original 
amount. 


Number. 


Original 
amount. 


Number. 


Original 
amount. 


Cass 


3,619 i 


53,601,614 


2,642 $2,974,461 


977 


8627,153 


1,113 


$924,983 


675 


8684,389 


438 


$240,594 




20 
20 
14 
17 
35 

45 
46 
50 
39 
40 

104 
184 
2S3 
289 
253 

380 
399 
409 
430 
592 

3,129 


11,087 
14,067 
9,717 
10,225 
34.629 

42,994 
24,828 
34,803 
17,438 
40,819 

77.770 
160,236 
253,268 
310,370 
277,068 

465,035 
431,240 
414,072 
396,722 
575,226 

3,235,047 


11 
16 
10 
12 
27 

38 
38 
31 
18 
24 

67 
110 
180 
215 
195 

315 
319 
296 
292 
428 

2,800 


6,096 
11,640 
4,072 
9,300 
28,102 

34,183 
23,057 : 
26,781 
12,111 
28,962 

63,879 
136,063 
190,866 
255,221 
216,485 

410,393 
366,860 
330,649 
326.616 
487,125 

3,063,912 


9 
4 
4 
5 

8 

19 
21 
16 

37 
74 
73 
74 
58 

65 
80 
113 
138 
164 

329 


4,991 
2,427 
5,645 
925 
6,527 

8,811 
1,771 
8,022 
5,327 
11,857 

13,891 
24,173 
56,402 
55,149 
60,533 

54,642 
64,380 
83,423 
70,106 
88,101 

171,135 


20 
20 
13 
16 
32 

41 

40 1 
45 1 
36 
27 

67 
114 ' 
120 
130 

95 

80 
59 
68 
55 
35 

583 


11,087 
14,067 
8,692 
10,035 
33,229 

40,994 
20,178 
30,193 
16,551 
26,602 

42,925 
79,941 
94,617 
129,309 
102,429 

90,214 
48,894 
60,435 
33,982 
30,609 

442,340 


11 
16 
9 
12 
24 

34 
32 
27 
16 
12 

33 
56 
69 

85 
64 

54 
32 
33 
29 

27 

494 


6,096 
11,640 
3,047 
9,300 
26,702 

32,183 
18,407 
24,321 
11,371 
14,945 

29,944 
62,539 
71,447 
106,974 
65,778 

67,110 
32,942 
36,545 
23,552 
29,546 

406,714 


9 
4 
4 
4 
8 

7 
8 
18 
20 
15 

34 
58 
51 
45 
31 

26 
27 
35 
26 
8 

89 


4,991 




2,427 


iw-o " 


5,645 


1S73 


735 
6,527 




8,811 




1,771 




5,872 




5,180 




11,657 




12,981 




17,402 




23,170 




22,335 




36,651 




23,104 




15,952 




23,890 




10,430 
1,063 




35,626 


































4 
7 
13 


2,318 
3,159 
10.443 


S 
6 
10 
23 

20 
46 
33 
27 
23 

55 
82 
200 
192 
183 

345 
354 
345 
319 
534 

1,591 


1,420 
2,663 
9,275 
20,791 

16,705 
50,599 
19,219 
12,990 
14,410 

40,811 
67,917 
202,080 
248,402 
189,068 

330,621 
349,392 
426,767 
379,752 
661,030 

2,061,563 


i 

1 

3 


898 

496 

1,168 


3 

7 
13 
17 

19 

43 
28 
18 
16 

32 
34 

77 
59 
45 

51 
35 
33 
22 
31 

537 


1,718 
3,159 
10,443 
13,820 

14,194 

45,249 

- 13,519 

8,490 
8,695 

15,252 
22,491 
60,439 
57,839 
30,699 

42,393 
21,269 
33,170 
13,420 
26,061 

483,694 


2 
6 
10 

17 

19 
43 

28 
18 
15 

28 
27 
70 
55 
36 

43 
24 
24 
10 
19 

337 


820 
2,663 
9,275 
13,820 

14,194 
45,249 
13,519 
8,490 
8,395 

14,119 
21,026 
58,748 
56,094 
26,766 

38,142 
16,608 
30,219 
8,970 
19,597 

345,811 


1 
1 
3 


898 




496 




1,168 










20 
46 
33 
27 
24 

70 
100 
218 
207 
206 

372 
381 
S73 
386 
619 

2,074 


16,705 
50,599 
19,219 
, 12,990 
14,710 

46,617 
76,217 
216.270 
254,442 
206,579 

367,574 
363,164 

438,445 
418,298 
696,507 

2,387,027 


























^ri^ 










1 

15 
18 
18 
15 
23 

27 
27 
28 
67 
85 

483 


300 

5,806 
8,300 

14,190 
6,040 

17,511 

16,953 
13,772 
11,678 
38,546 
33,477 

325,464 


1 

4 
7 
7 
4 
9 

8 
11 

9 
12 
12 

200 


300 




1.133 




1,463 




1,711 




1.745 




3,933 




4,251 




4,661 




2,951 




4,450 




6,464 


Delaware 


137,883 




27 
24 
18 
22 
34 

45 
51 
42 
40 
39 

72 
82 
126 
138 
120 

166 
221 
221 
278 
308 

2,585 


20,936 
18,577 
17,396 
35,099 
44,789 

44,296 
56,344 
41,090 
37,312 
22,723 

74,016 
97,552 
159,643 
189,427 
126,779 

199,031 
242,443 
267,190 
352,232 
340,152 

2,769,596 


17 
18 
10 
13 


12,225 
12,662 
14,534 
28.525 


10 
6 

8 
9 
14 

17 
16 
18 
9 

17 

20 
24 
31 
26 
17 

33 
38 
44 
54 
72 

687 


8,711 
5,915 
2,862 
6,574 
9,184 

8,138 
11,214 
18,821 
6,154 
6,712 

7,724 
21,208 
16,269 
22,719 

9,145 

26,896 
19.688 
29,525 
47,603 
40,402 

479,464 


25 

23 
14 
20 
29 

41 
44 
34 
23 
30 

24 
43 
33 

27 
23 

28 
25 
23 
17 
11 

726 


19,186 
18,077 
11,009 
33,252 
39,915 

41,930 
43,744 
33,580 
20,666 
14,155 

23,800 
34,905 
22,516 
26,546 
14,276 

19,475 
19,732 
10,206 
30,225 
6,499 

643,236 


15 
18 
9 
11 
16 

27 
30 
18 
16 
13 

15 
29 
20 
14 
20 

14 
19 
16 
10 

7 

430 


10,475 
12,662 
9,534 
26,678 
30,831 

36,058 
36,530 
16,259 
15,408 
7,443 

21,406 
24,576 
18,346 
15,585 
13,426 

8,551 
18,132 
9,382 
8,410 
6,119 

423,636 


10 
5 
5 
9 

13 

14 

14 
16 
7 
17 

9 
14 
13 
13 

3 

14 
6 

7 
7 
4 

296 


8,711 




5,415 




1,475 




6,574 




20 35,605 

28 36,158 
35 45.130 


9,084 




5,872 




7,214 




24 
31 
22 

52 
58 
95 
112 
103 

133 

183 
177 
224 
236 

1,898 


22,269 
31,158 
16,011 

66,292 
76,344 
143,374 
166,708 
117,634 

172,135 
222,755 
237,665 
304,629 
299,750 

2,290,132 


17,321 




5,258 
6,712 




2,394 




10,329 




4,170 




10,961 




850 




10,924 




1,600 




824 




21,815 




380 




219,600 








26 
29 
35 
39 
49 

60 
71 
60 
66 
44 

92 
145 
141 
202 
154 

218 
258 
283 
303 
310 


13,198 
29,552 
31,997 
27,831 
39,076 

49,065 
66,440 
54,267 
59,085 
27,035 

92,343 
222,420 
190,517 
274,474 
158,755 

240,841 
249,156 
294,553 
314,351 
334,640 


17 
21 
19 
21 
23 

33 
47 
38 
45 
31 

61 
99 
104 
144 
123 

169 
195 
238 
222 
249 


7,138 
23,477 
20,733 
17,818 
23,553 

34,688 
50,690 
37,178 
50,600 
21,327 

72,958 
165,395 
152,305 
231,116 
134,196 

211,561 
212,840 
257,769 
265,913 
298,877 


9 
8 
16 
18 
27 

27 
24 
22 
21 
13 

31 
46 
37 

58 
31 

49 
63 
45 
81 
61 


6,060 
6,075 
11,264 
10,013 
15,523 

14,377 
15,750 
17,089 
8,485 
5,708 

19,385 
57,025 
38,212 
43,358 
24,569 

29,280 
36,316 
36,784 
48,438 
35,763 


25 
27 
29 
35 
42 

51 

54 
45 
47 
30 

44 

55 
32 
34 
40 

35 

24 
33 
17 
7 


12,398 

28,402 
23,439 
22,893 
28,188 

41,846 
46,225 
36,776 
43,256 
15,763 

36,703 
93,334 
32,804 
50,218 
35,908 

20,701 
17,547 
34,952 
13,859 
8,024 


16 

19 

15 

17 

■ 17 

27 
35 
25 
29 
21 

22 
39 
17 
29 
29 

24 
13 
21 
8 

7 


6,338 
22,327 
13,673 
12,880 
15,665 

28,269 
34,030 
20,887 
35,886 
13,227 

23,258 
53,009 
21,415 
30,185 
27,624 

17,374 
10,831 
19,179 
9,553 
8,024 


9 
8 
14 
18 
25 

24 
19 
20 
18 
9 

22 
16 
15 
25 
11 

11 
11 
12 
9 


c.oco 




6,075 




9,764 




10,013 


1874 


12,523 
13,577 




12,195 




13,889 




7,370 




2,536 




13,445 




40,323 




11,389 




20,033 




8,284 




3,327 




6,716 




15,773 




4,306 













EXISTING RECORDED REAL ESTATE MORTGAGE DEBT. 

Table 5.— IOWA— EXISTING EECORDED EEAL ESTATE MOKTGAGE DEBT, ETC.— Continued. 



47 



MORTGAGES FOB WHICH ANSWERS WERE RECEIVED — ^NOT PAID IN FULL. 



COUNTIES AND YEARS. 


Total. i 


On acres. 


On lots. 1 


Amount unpaid — existing debt. 




Number. 


Original 
amount. 


Number. 


Original 
amount. 


Number. 


Original 
amount. 


Total. 


On acres. 


On lots. 




2,506 


$2,676,631 


1,967 


$2,290,072 


539 


S.386,559 


$2,463,243 


$2,137,170 


$326,073 
























1871 






















1 

1 
3 

4 
6 
5 
3 
13 

37 
70 
133 
159 
158 

300 
340 
341 
375 

557 

2,546 


1,025 

190 

1,400 

2,000 
4,650 
4,610 
887 
14,217 

34,845 
80,295 
158,651 
181,061 
174,639 

374,821 
382,346 
353,637 
362,740 
544,617 

2,792,707 


1 


1,025 






1,025 
190 
900 

1,850 
4,350 
2,240 
887 
13,170 

25,645 
69,359 
136,063 
171,604 
154,135 

346,163 
358,650 
316,802 
334,746 
525,464 

2,584,099 


1,025 






1 


190 




1874 


3 

4 
6 
4 
2 
12 

34 
54 
111 
130 
131 

261 
287 
263 
263 
401 

2,306 


1,400 

2,000 
4,650 
2,460 
740 
14,017 

33,935 
73,524 
125,419 
148,247 
150,707 

343,283 
333,918 


900 

1,850 
4,350 
1,240 
740 
13,120 

24,985 
64,524 
112,158 
142,719 
138,902 

319,663 
317,432 
266,960 
282,922 
443,680 

2,467,905 






















1 
1 

1 

3 
16 

22 
29 

27 

39 
53 


2,150 
147 
200 

910 
6.771 
33,232 
32,814 
23,932 

31 ,.538 
48,428 
59,533 
59,676 
87,038 

135,509 


1,000 














4,835 






28,885 
15,233 


1884 








49,842 








457,579 
2,657,198 


156 
210 


81,784 
116,194 






1870 






















1 


600 


1 


600 






600 


600 


































6 

1 
3 
5 
9 

8 

38 
66 
141 
148 
161 

321 
346 
340 
364 

588 

1,537 


6,971 

2,511 
5,350 
5,700 
4,500 
6,015 

31,365 
53,726 
1,55,811 
196,603 
175,880 

325,181 
341,895 
405,275 
404,878 
670,446 

1,903,333 


6 

1 
3 
5 
9 
B 

27 
55 
130 
137 
147 

302 
330 
321 
309 
515 

1,254 


6,971 

2,511 
5,350 
5,700 
4,500 
6,015 

26,692 
46,891 
143,332 
192,308 
162,302 

312,479 
332,784 
3%, 548 
370,782 
611,433 

1,715,752 






4,431 

2,311 
4,200 
4,900 
4,300 
5,275 


4,431 

2,511 
4,200 
4,900 
4,300 
5,275 














































11 
11 
11 
11 
14 

19 
16 
19 
55 
73 

283 


4,673 
6,833 

12,479 
4,295 

13,578 

12,702 
9,111 
8,727 
34,096 
29,013 

187,581 


4,623 








136,977 
153,047 
160,916 

308,330 
330,347 
376,865 
374,273 
638,040 

1,636,109 


126,718 
148,822 
148,088 

295,928 
322,539 
369,724 
349,121 
612,361 

1,472,298 


10,259 
4,225 
12,828 

12,402 
7,808 
7,141 
26,152 
25 679 












1888 .\ 




163,811 




1870 


2 

1 
4 
2 
5 

4 

7 
8 
17 
9 

48 
39 
93. 
Ill 

97 

138 
196 
198 
261 
297 

1,859 


1,750 
500 
6,387 
1,847 
4,874 

2,366 
12,600 

7,510 
16,646 

8,568 

50,216 
62,647 
137,127 
162,881 
112,503 

179,556 
222,711 
256,984 
322,007 
333,653 

2,126,360 


2 


1,750 






1,700 
500 
6,100 
1,696 
4,874 

2,250 
11,975 

3,990 
15,351 

8,468 

38,937 
48,695 
103,995 
125,297 
88,117 

144,203 
190,056 
221,578 
298,573 
319,754 

1,769,666 


1,700 






1 
3 


600 
1,387 






1 
2 
4 

1 
5 
6 
15 
9 

37 
29 
75 
98 
83 

119 
164 
161 
214 
229 

1,468 


5,000 
1,847 
4,774 

100 
8,600 
6,010 
15,750 
8,568 

44,886 
51,768 
125,028 
151,123 
104,208 

163,584 
204,623 
228,283 
296,219 
293,631 

1,866,496 


5,66b 
1,696 
4,774 

100 
7,975 
2,590 
14,851 
8,468 

34,237 
1 39,941 
94,440 
114,876 
81,903 

130,103 
175,498 
196,7.54 
274,480 
282,912 

1,546,132 


1 100 






1874 


1 

3 

2 
2 


100 

2,266 

4,000 

1,500 

896 


100 


1875 


2,150 




4,000 

1,400 

500 












11 
10 
18 
13 
14 

19 
32 
37 
. 47 
68 

301 


5,, 330 
10,879 
12,099 
11,758 

8,295 

15,972 
18,088 
28,701 
25,788 
40,022 

259,864 




1881 


8,754 






1883 


10,421 




0,214 




14,100 
14,558 


1886 




24,824 


1888 


24,093 




36,842 




223,534 










1 
2 
6 
4 

7 

9 
17 
15 
19 

14 

48 
90 
109 
148 
114 

183 
234 
250 
286 
303 


800 
1,150 
8,558 
4,938 
10,888 

7,219 
20,215 
17,491 
15,829 
11,272 

55,610 
129,086 
157,713 
224.236 
122,847 

220,140 
231,609 
259,601 
300,492 
326,616 


1 
2 
4 
4 
5 

6 
12 
13 
16 
10 

39 
60 
87 
115 
94 

145 
182 
217 
214 
242 


800 
1,150 
7,038 
4,938 
7,888 

6,419 
16,660 
16,291 
14,714 

8.100 

49,700 
112,386 
130,890 
200,931 
106,572 

194,187 
202,009 
238,590 
256,360 
290,853 






275 1; 275 
1,150 1 1,150 
5,138 i 3,758 
2,934 !; 2,954 
9,939 1 6.939 












1872 


1 '^ 


1,300 


1,400 






1874 


3 

5 
2 
3 

4 

9 
30 
22 
33 
20 

38 
52 
33 
72 
61 


3,000 

800 
3,555 
1,200 
1,115 
3,172 

5,940 
16,700 
26,823 
23,325 
16,275 

25,953 
29,600 
21,011 
44,132 
35,763 


3,000 




5,500 
13,. 590 
14,133 
12,839 

8,050 

46,715 
92,297 
124,027 
153,964 
106,691 

173,661 
199,257 
218,616 
268,733 
312,097 


4,700 
10,035 
12,953 
11,724 

6,915 

43,100 
79,741 
103,952 
133,302 
91,648 

152,202 
172,553 
200,505 
229,664 
278,062 


800 




3,555 




1,200 




1,115 




1,135 




3,615 




12,15.96 




20,075 




20,662 


1884 


15,043 




21,459 




26,704 




18,111 




39,069 




34,035 







48 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 



Table 6.— ALABAMA— NUMBER OF ACRES AND LOTS COVERED BY EXISTING INDEBTEDNESS AND PERCENTAGES 
OF PARTIAL PAYMENTS JANUARY 1, 1890, AS DETERMINED BY PERSONAL INQUIRY, BY SELECTED COUNTIES AND 
YEARS. 





PERCENTAGES OF PAETIAI, 
PAYMENTS OP OlilGINAL 


MOETGAGES IN FORCE FOE WHICH ANSWEES 
WERE RECEIVED. 


MOETGAGES FOR WHICH NO 


ANSWERS 


CODNTIES AND YEARS. 


AMOU^TS UPON WHICH PAY- 
MENTS WEEE MADE. 


Number of mortgaged acres. 


Number 

of 

mortgaged 

lots. 






Number 


Amount 


Number of 

mortgaged 

acres. 






Total. 


On acres 


On lots. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated 


mortgaged 
lots. 




17.15 


17.26 


12.70 


76,105 


71,684 


4,421 


10 




















1873 
























1874 


32.76 
61.22 
72.38 


32.76 
61.22 

72.38 




1,194 
418 
240 


1,194 
209 
240 


















209 












1876 














1877 
















1S78 


78.95 


78.95 




145 

4-10 
515 
605 

360 
3,890 

540 
1,435 

4,707 
23,272 
14,427 
23,917 

245,580 


145 
330 
515 
005 

360 
2,778 

540 
1,435 

3,923 
23,272 
13,893 
22,245 

207,973 


















110 












18S0 


















1881 


11.30 


11.30 
















1882 
















1883 


12.07 


14.23 




. 1,112 












1884 












1885 


1.40 

21.34 
17.87 
20.93 
10.94 

6.81 


1.40 

21.34 
17.94 
20.82 . 
10.98 

4.85 














1886 .\ 




784 












1887 




4 394 










1888 


22 90 
8 86 

10 30 


534 
1,672 

37,607 










1889 






























1870 
























1871 
























1872 






















1873 














2 










1874 


4§.08 
50.00 


25.00 
50.00 


58 33 


80 
140 


80 
140 












1875 ., 












1876 
















1877 


94.86 


94.86 




188 
100 


188 
100 














1878 
















1879 




















1880 


96.00 
5.46 
12.51 
33.59 
0.48 

64.98 
35.60 
4.56 
5.55 
4.10 


96.00 
21.91 

2.30 
26.57 

0.24 

86.31 
38.14 
2.50 
1.45 
3.12 




80 
952 
711 
759 
17,821 

5,549 
13,100 
123,824 
55,813 
26,403 


80 
200 
335 
383 
17,445 

4,045 
7,519 
113,294 
47,539 
16,625 














1881 




752 
376 
376 
376 

1,504 
5,641 
10,530 
8,274 
9,778 


8 

10 

61 

2S2 

839 

1,286 

1,895 










1882 


n 73 
59 87 
10 90 

4 37 
34 27 
19.71 
9.05 
4.27 










1883 










1884 










1885..... 










1886 










1887 










1888 










1889 










1 











ACRES AND LOTS COVERED BY EXISTING INDEBTEDNESS. 49 

Table 6.— IOWA— NUMBER OF ACRES AND LOTS COVERED BY EXISTING INDEBTEDNESS, ETC.— Continned. 





PEBCESTAGES OF PARTIAL 
PATMENTS OF ORIGINAL 


MOETGAGES IN FORCE FOR WHICH ANSWERS 
WERE RECEIVED. 


MORTGAGES FOP 


WHICH NO 


ANSWERS 


COUNTIES AND YEAKS. 


AMOUNTS UPON WHICH PAY- 
MENTS WERE MADE. 


Number of mortgaged acres. 


Number 
of 






Number 


, Amount 






Total. 


On acres 


On lots. 


Total. 


Stated. 


Estimated 


mortgagee 
lots. 


mortgaged mortgaged 
acres. lots. 




7.97 


6.68 


15.65 


189,270 


188,652 


618 


1,086 


2 


S5,700 


300 












1 


1 




1 














1871 


1 






















1872 


1 




1 


160 


160 




1 










1873 


' 




1 




1 3 












35 71 

7 50 
6 45 
5141 


35.71 

7.50 
6.45 
49.59 


1 


176 

199 
700 
280 
177 
1,120 

3,385 
6.303 
10,734 
13,263 
13,296 

29,857 
28,660 
24,292 
22,714 
33,954 

298,592 


176 

199 
700 
280 
177 
1,120 

3,385 
6,303 
10,734 
13,263 
j 13,296 

29,857 
28,557 
24,189 
22,508 
33,748 

298,592 












1875 


' 














1876 






1 










1877 


S3 49 




1 
1 

1 

6 
' 26 
40 
71 
75 

95 
163 
225 
307 

574 






















1879 


7 36 

20 40 
IJ 62 
14 21 
, 5 22 
11 74 

765 
1 6 20 
10 42 
7 72 
3 52 

7 47 


6.40 

26.37 
i 12,24 

10.57 
3.73 
7.83 

6.88 
4.94 
9.23 
6.65 
3.04 

7.12 


75 00 

27 17 
2h VJ 

28 07 
11 '17 
!0 35 

n 97 
11 89 
16 2S 

13 lb 
6 04 

14 25 












1880 
























1882 
























1884 
















1 

1 


2,100 
3,600 


300 
(a) 






103 
103 
206 
206 




1887 














1889 












1 


288 














1870 
































40 


40 














1872 1 










































1874 


36.44 


36.44 




685 

360 
640 
528 
800 
960 

3,558 
5,176 
17,255 
23,355 
17,485 

36,456 
38,011 
39,541 
38,436 
75,306 

123,961 


685 

360 
640 
528 
800 
960 

3,558 
5,176 
17,255 
23,355 
17,485 

36,456 
38,011 
39,541 
38,436 
75,306 

112,580 














1875 


















21.60 

■ 14.04 

4.44 

12.30 

3,68 
9.03 
12.09 
22.15 
8.51 

5.18 
3.38 
7.01 
7.56 
4.83 

14.04 


21.50 
14.04 
4.*4 
12.30 

4.13 
8.73 
11.59 
22.61 
8.76 

5.30 
3.08 
6.76 
5.84 
4.53 

14.19 
















1877 






























1879 
















1880 


1 07 
11 09 
17 79 

1 63 
5 52 

2 ?() 

14 30 

15 17 
26 23 

11 49 

12 67 




23 
2S 
9S 

30 
30 
29 
179 
115 

534 


























1 


288 


(a) 




1883 






1884 












1885 












1886 












1887 












1888 












1889 














11,381 




















1870 


2.86 


2.86 




200 


200 




















1 
3 










1872 


4.49 
8.18 




20 69 
















1873 


8. is 


120 
360 

20 
544 
625 
1,490 
612 

3,816 
3,102 
7,591 
9,769 
7,578 

10,220 
15,329 
16,026 
24,680 
21,879 

139,642 


120 
360 

20 
544 
625 
1,490 
509 

3,611 
2,999 
7,284 
8,949 
7,066 

9,502 
13,381 
14,693 
21,604 
19,623 

137,466 












1874 






2 

5 
t 
6 
2 












4.90 
4.96 
16.87 
7.78 
1.17 

22.46 
22.27 
24.16 
23.07 
21.68 

19.69 
14.66 
13.78 
7.28 
4.17 

16.77 




5 12 












1876 


7.27 
56.91 
5.71 
1.17 

23.72 
22.85 
24.46 
23.99 
21.40 

20.47 
14.23 
13.81 
7.34 
3.65 

17.16 












1877 


6 07 
44 20 












1878 














103 

205 
103 
307 
820 
512 

718 
1,948 
1,333 
3,076 
2,256 

2,176 












11 82 
19 -)3 
Jl 03 
11 37 
Si 09 

11 72 
19 W 
13 51 

6 57 

7 95 

13 98 


20 
17 
24 
20 
31 

64 
53 
")') 
85 
138 

624 










1881 






























1884 










1885 










1886 










1887 




















1889 






























1870 


65.63 


65.63 




80 
160 
880 
238 
656 

500 
1,171 
1,399 
1,545 

930 

4,619 
6,597 
8,254 
12,032 
7,914 

15,481 
17,418 
19,884 
18,889 
20,995 


80 
160 
880 
238 
656 

500 
1,171 
1,399 
1,446 

930 

4,619 
6,498 
8,155 
11,538 
7,716 

15,184 
17,319 
19,686 
18,691 
20,600 






























1872 


39.73 
40.18 
8.72 

23.81 
32.77 
19.08 
18.89 
28.58 

16.04 
28.50 
21.36 
31.34 
13.15 

21.11 
13.97 
15.79 
10.57 
4.45 


46.76 
40.18 
12.03 

26.78 
39.77 
20.49 
20,32 
14.63 

13.28 
29.05 
20.58 
33.66 
14.00 

21.62 
14.58 
15.96 
10.41 


6 07 




2 










1873 










1874 






2 

8 
8 

4 
5 

12 
36 
38 
55 
25 

63 
78 
52 
104 
130 










1875 




























1877 




99" 










1878 












1879 


0) 22 

39.14 
24.81 
25.16 
11.42 
7.57 

17.32 

9.78 
13.80 
11.47 










1880 












1881 


99 
99 
494 
198 

297 
99 
198 
198 
395 








1882 










1883 










1884 










1885 




















1887 










1888 










1889 

























a Second mortgage. 



50 



FAEMS, HOMES, AND MOETGAGES. 



Table 7.— ALABAMA— OBJECTS OF RECORDED REAL ESTATE MORTGAGE INDEBTEDNESS AS DETERMINED BY 

PERSONAL INQUIRY, BY SELECTED COUNTIES. 



OBJECTS OP INDEBTEDNESS. 



Amount 

unpaid 

January 1, 



OBJECTS OF INDEBTEDNESS. 



Amount 

unpaid 

January 1, 

1890. 



The county 

Purchase money 

To buy more land 

Business 

Improvements 

Farm, expenses....* 

Family expenses 

Farm supplies 

Farm supplies and undescribed debts. 

Purchase and farm supplies 

Purchase and business 



59,151 47,786 

33,376 29,911 

22,091 18.954 

14,932 13,195 

16,597 1 11,891 



10,313 

12,748 
4,125 
2,947 
2,240 



9,833 



Balance paid wards 

To buy farm, implements 

Borrowed money 

To buy farm stock 

Tenants' supplies 

Fai-m improvements and machines 

To buy law library 

Judgment lien on land 

Farm improvements and supplies .. 

Farm stock and supplies 

Travel 

Farm stock and implements 

Attorney's fee 



1,600 
1,450 
1,468 
2,616 



SI ,600 
1,600 
1.359 



JEFFERSON, 



Purchase money 

Improvements 

Purchase and improvements 

To buy more land , 

Improvements and imdescribed debts.. 



Business 

Purchase, improvements, and undescribed 
debts. 

Investment and undescribed debts 

Improvements and working capital 



Default of speculating bank officer 

Improvenients and to buy other land.. 

Used in manufacturing machinery 

Purchase and business 

Borrowed money 



To compromise a debt at 30 per cent.. 

Family expenses 

Private investment 

Farm and family expenses 

Hardware business 



To secure indor.ser and surety 

Mercantile business 

Purchase, improvements, and other objects. 

Business losses 

Improvements and business 



To buy land in New Orleans and necessaries.. 

Litigation and lawyers' fees 

Unsuccessful speculation 

Pawnbroker's business 

Interest, taxes, insurance, and to buy more 
property. 

To buy more land and business 

To buy farm stock 

Swindle 

To buy machinery 

To invest in bank stock 



$14,792,189 



10,123,822 
3,253,533 

933,079 
557,123 
286,500 

150,277 
107,067 



41,335 

29,500 
25,000 
26,600 
20,470 

15,217 
18,882 
14,000 
16,138 
25,000 

13,400 
10,722 
9,516 
7,950 
6,000 

6,960 
6,708 
3,000 
2,500 
2,350 



2,000 
2,209 
1,300 
1,200 
1,164 



9,247,556 

3,170,143 

928,272 

481,674 

286,500 



41.335 
29,500 
25,000 
24,975 
19,937 

15,217 
14,246 
14.000 
13,562 
12,500 

11,975 
10,722 
8,833 
7,950 
6,000 

6,000 
4,138 
3,000 
2,500 
2,350 



Purchase and to develop mine 

Business and private use 

Payment of clerks in assessor's office.. 

For contracting purposes 

House rent 



To buy farm machines 

Litigation 

Expenses of wedding trip.. 

Saloon business 

Taxes and improvements.. 



To buy a mill 

Undescribed professional services 

Family expenses and improvements.. 

Interest and general pui-poses 

To pay a judgment 



1,300 
1,200 
1,164 



For horse and borrowed money 

Supplies because of losses in saw mill 

To help a friend 

Store account and farm machines , 

Improvements and to pay for stock of goods 



To buy a team 

Boot and shoe business 

Farm stock, supplies, and sickness.. 

To pay doctors' bills 

Support of invalid husband 



To buy photograph outfit 

To.secure protested paper 

Services of civil engineer 

Sickness and undescribed debts.. 
Losses in coal business 



Litigation, sickness, and supplii 

To buy a carriage 

Other investment 

To buy patent right of a churn.. 



Taxes and store account . 

Butcher's business 

Sickness and supplies 

Unknown 



$1,100 


SI, 100 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


1,000 


775 


775 



1,325 
400 
3S1 



OBJECTS OF MOETGAGE ESTDEBTEDNESS. 



51 



Table 7.— IOWA— OBJECTS OF EECORDED REAL ESTATE MOETGAGE li^DEBTEDNESS, ETC.— Continued. 

CASS. 



OBJECTS OF INDEBTEDNESS. 



Amount 

unpaid 

January 1, 

1890. 



OBJECTS OF INDEBTEDNESS. 



Amount 

unpaid 

January 1, 

1890. 



Purcliase money 

Iniproveiuents 

Purcliase and improvements 

To buy more land in Iowa and other states.. 
Business 



Farm stock and implements 

To buy farm stock 

Security debts 

Business and improvements 

To relend at higher rate of interest.. 



Purchase and security debts 

To use in the west 

Purchase money and farm stock 

Grain business 

Improvements and to buy more land.. 



Purchase, improvements, and farm stock 

To help sons and sons-in-law 

Speculation 

Purchase, improvements, and security debts. 
To start bank in Kansas 



Improvements and farm implements 

Purchase money and to buy more land.. 
To invest in mining property in Mexico.. 

Farm expenses 

Investment 



Improvements and undescribed debts 

]*urchase and interest 

Improvepients, to buy more land and farm 

stock. 

To pay a brother's undescribed debts 

Purcliase, improvements, and undescribed 

debts. 

Improvements and to buy and feed cattle 
and hogs. 

Purchase and sickness 

Improvements and security debts 

Mercantile business 

To buy more land for speculation 



To invest in canning factory and starch T\'orks. 

Improvements, to pay minister and keep son- 
in-law from starving. 

Purchase and farm machines 

Purchase, improvements, and farm imple- 
ments. 

Purchase and unprofitable farming 



J and costs of divorce suit 

Purchase and business losses 

Purchase and undescribed debts 

Purchase, improvements, and investment.. 
Farm stock and to buy more land 



To buy and feed cattle and hogs 

Undescribed debts and brother's purchase 
money. 

Hardware business 

Purchase and mercantile business 

Businesss losses through dishonest partner.... 



Losses by hail storm 

Purchase, farm stock and machines 

Improvements, farm implements, and dissi- 
pation. 

Losses by hail storm and of farm stock 

Improvements, farm stock, and implements.. 

Purchase, taxes and interest 

To buy farm implements 

Improvements and to feed cattle 

Whisky and betting on elections 

Defense of law suit 

Manufacturing soap 



1,676 
2S0 
163 



1,801,274 
225,606 
221,176 
67.804 
66,634 

37,967 
25,082 
19.249 
13,800 
7,730 

7,700 
10,000 

6,850 
12,000 

5,800 

6.100 
5,580 
5,423 
5,000 
5,000 



3.000 
3,500 
3,000 



1,665,397 
213,201 
190,861 
61,234 
58,119 

37,117 
21,249 
18,544 
13,800 
7,730 

7,700 
7,200 
6,850 
6,000 
5,800 

5,700 
5,500 
5,283 
5,000 
5,000 

4,200 
4,000 
4.000 
3,000 
3,250 

3,000 
3,000 
3,000 



2,850 
2,800 
2,869 
2,700 


2,830 
2,800 
2,750 
2,700 


3,000 
2,500 


2,500 
2,500 


2,250 
2,200 


2,250 
2,200 


2,000 


2,000 


2,000 
2,000 
1,800 
1,800 
1,700 


2,000 
2,000 
1,800 
1,800 
1,700 


2,000 
1,600 


1,600 
1,600 


1,600 
1,500 
1,500 


1,600 
1,500 
1,500 


1,500 
1,350 
1,300 


1,500 
1,350 
1,300 


1,200 
1,175 


1,200 
1,175 


1,100 
1,048 
1,025 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 


1,100 
1,048 
1,025 
1,000 
1,000 
1,000 



Farm expenses, owing to hard times , 

Purchase, improvements, and sickness 

To buy thrashing machine , 

Losses in grain and stock business 

Labor and taxes , 

Improvements and farm expenses 

Lower rate of interest and to buy more land. 
Loss of farm stock, improvements, and un- 
described debts. 

Sickness and loss of business , 

Undescribed debts 

Private and personal expenses 

Sickness, funeral expenses, and improve- 
ments. 

To buy steam engine and boiler 

Purchase and investments 

Medical attendance for insane husband 

To furnish hotel 

Improvements and farm stock , 

Farm stock, supplies, and taxes 

To pay a judgment 

Farm stock, machines, supplies, and im- 
provements. 

To help a friend buy land 

Farm implenients,labor,and family supplies. 
To pay note of son claimed to have been 
forged. 

Team of horees 

Purchase, improvements and business 

Family supplies , 

Painting business and loan to son-in-law^ .... 

To move to Washington 

To send brother to Colorado , 

Litigation , 

Losses by cyclone .-. 

Farm supplies, labor, and sickness 

Taxes and business 

Farm rent 

Improvements, to buy a horse, and sickness. 

Loss of farm stock 

Farm stock and expenses while holding 
corn for higher prices. 

Implements and household goods 

Taxes and imdescribed debts 

To lend another 

Loss of farm stock and crops 

Lumber and sickness ....* 

Sickness 

Losses incurred in running temperance ' 

billiard hall. ] 

Interest on purchase and loss of farm stock, ..i 

Purchase, improvements, sickness, and i 
failure in business. ■ 

Stoves and winter supplies for family ■ 

Sickness and funeral expenses i 

To buy farm machines j 

To secure note upon moving from state I 



To buy cows 

Family and farm supplies 

Improvements and sickness 

Trip south, owing to sickness 

Interest and dues in building and loan asso- 
ciation. 



Improvements and personal expenses . 

Interest on another mortgage 

Funeral expenses 

Purchase and team of horses 

To buy engine for blacksmith shop 

Unknown 



52 



FARMS, HOISDES, AND MORTGAGES. 



Table 7.— IOWA— OBJECTS OF RECORDED REAL ESTATE MORTGAGE INDEBTEDNESS, ETC.— Continued. 

CKAWrOKD. 



OBJECTS OF INDEBTEDNESS. 



Number 

-of 

mortgages. 



Amount 

unpaid 

January 1, 

1890. 



OBJECTS OP INDEBTEDNESS. 



Amount 

unpaid 

Januaiy 1, 



Purchase money 

Improvements 

Purchase and improvements 

Business 

Improvements and farm stock.. 



To buy more land in Iowa and other states.. 

To buy farm stock 

Losses in business 

Farm and family expenses 

Purchase and farm stock 



Purchase and undescribed debts 

Private undescribed debts 

Security and losses by indorsing notes 

Purchase and losses by hail and hog cholera. 
Speculation 



Farm stock and business. 

Grain business 

Security debts 

Litigation 

Butcher business and loss in shipping cattle. 



To buy stock of drugs 

Purchase, improvements, and undescribed 
debts. 

Improvements and living expenses 

Crop failure and living expenses 

Farm stock, machines, and implements 



Family expenses 

Improvements and loss of crop by hail.. 
Breach of trust and to secure creditors... 

To help sons 

Taxes and interest 



Improvements and undescribed debts.. 
Improvements and to buy more land.... 

Lmnber and coal business 

Improvements and farm machines 

To buy farm implements 



To buy farm machines 

Purchase and living expenses.. 
To buy lumber 



64,867 
52,319 

52,300 
43,846 
38,917 
22,078 
15,000 

9,195 
9,028 
7,745 
7,500 
8,100 

10,000 
7,000 
9,153 
4,500 
4,000 



3,100 
2,700 
2,700 

2,691 
2,600 
2,511 
2,450 
2,836 

2,110 
2,100 
2,000 
1,950 
1,844 



Purchase and to buy more land.. 



1,649,477 
267,744 
258,525 
60,267 
50,819 

47,924 
37,442 
33,717 
20,159 
14,400 

9,195 
8,393 
7,715 
7,500 
7,300 

7,000 
6,200 
5,375 
4,500 
4,000 



3,100 
2,700 
2,700 

2,613 
2,600 
2,511 
2,450 
2,236 



1,647 
1,600 
1,990 
1,500 
1,500 



Improvements, farm stock, and taxes 

To buy more land and farm stock 

To buy fann teams 

Purchase, sickness, and funeral expenses... 
Lumber business 

Loss in drug business 

Sickness and family expenses 

Living expenses and undescribed debts 

Improvements and speculation 

Taxes and farm expenses 

Purchase and farm expenses 

Improvements and business 

Litigation and losses by hail and hog 
cholera. 

Settlement of claim for damages 

Expenses of divorce suit 

To buy whisky .- 

Labor, interest, and taxes 

Farm stock and supplies 

Crop loss by hail storm 

Sickness and living expenses 

Improvements and to aid son 

Losses by hail and hog cholera and sickness. 

Farm stock and expenses 

Bail forfeiture 

Judgments and taxes 

Improvements and sickness 

To secure judgment 

Purchase and farm machines 

To buy team of horses 

Sickness and funeral expenses 

To secure alimony 

Attorneys' fees 

Farm stock and undescribed debts 

To invest in wagon making 

Purchase of mining stock in Colorado 

Printing business ._. 

Improvements and insurance 

For tombstone 

Saloon business 

Traveling expenses 

To bring family from Sweden 

To carry on blacksmithing 

To buy patent right 



81,500 
1,400 



1,220 
1,250 
1,150 
1,000 



1,000 
1,000 
1,000 

1,000 
1,000 



SI, 500 
1,400 
1,370 
1,350 
1,300 

1,220 
1,200 
1,150 
1,000 
1,000 

1,000 
1,000 
1,000 

1,000 
1,000 

1,000 
1,000 



OBJECTS OE MORTGAGE INDEBTEDNESS. 



53 



Table 7 IOWA— OBJECTS OF EECOEDED REAL ESTATE MORTGAGE INDEBTEDNESS, ETC.— Continued. 

DELAWAKE. 



OBJECTS OF INDEBTEDNESS. 



Number 

of 

mortgages. 


Original 


Amount 
unpaid 


amount. 


January 1, 
1890. 


1 ,537 


81,903,333 


$1,636,109 


950 


1,260,042 


1,003,759 


201 


173,227 


162,826 


71 


108,650 


91,131 


44 


61,886 


54,203 


17 


40,272 


39,100 


29 


47 505 


32 055 


25 


20,879 


19,479 


1- 


10,000 


10,000 


2 


8,949 


8,949 


3 


10,402 


8,931 


6 


8,460 


8,142 


IS 


7,783 


7,481 


8 ■ 


■ 7,000 


6,225 


8 


8,141 


6,013 


2 


6,000 


6,000 ■ 


4 


5,200 


5,200 


6 


4,950 


4,850 


3 


4,930 


4,730 


1 


4,000 


4,000 


5 


■ 5,290 


3,790 


1 


3,600 


3,600 


5 


3,160 


3,160 


11 


3,152 


3,001 


1 


3,000 


3,000 


3 


3,450 


2,950 


2 


2,798 


2,798 


1 


2,500 


2,500 


1 ■ 


2,500 


2,500 


3 


2,500 


2,500 


7 


. 4,656 


2,360 


G 


2,225 


2,225 


2 


2,100 


2,100 


1 


2,000 


2,000 


1 


2,000 


2,000 


1 


2,000 


2,000 


3 


2,000 


2,000 


3 


1,881 


1,881 


3 


2,100 


1,800 


1 


1,800 


1,800 


1 


1,700 


1,700 


3 


.. 1,800 


1,675 


1 


1,600 


1,600 


2 


1,580 


1,580 


4 


1,518 


1,518 


1 


1,500 


1,500 


1 


1,400 


1,400 


4 


1,376 


1,226 


3 


1,800 


1,220 



OBJECTS OF INDEBTEDNESS. 



Amount 

unpaid 

January 1, 

1890. 



The county 

Purcliase money .-.. 

Improvements 

To buy more land 

Purchase and improvements 

Business 

To buy farm and ranch stock 

Undescribed debts 

Cattle business and to invest in California 

Purchase and undescribed debts 

Barbed-wire business 

Improvements and to buy more land 

Farm and family expenses 

To aid sons 

Improvements and undescribed debts 

Fraud 

Purchase and to buy more land 

Improvements and farm stock 

Alimony 

Speculation and security for notes 

Litigation and attorneys' fees 

To pay for dynamo ..... 

Sickness, farm and family expenses 

Sickness ;. 

To buy stock of machinery 

Improvements, farm and family expenses, 
and undescribed debts. 

To relend for minor heirs 

Liquor business - 

Banking 

To invest 

Security debts ;.... 

Purchase and farm stock 

To relend 

Purchase and stock business 

Farm stock and expenses 

Purchase, improvements, and farm stock 

Improvements and business 

Forfeited bail 

To purchase land for son 

To buy patent right (fraud) 

Marriage present to daughter 

Sickness and funeral expenses 

To support parents 

Farm and family expenses and undescribed 

debts. 
Family expenses 

Farm expenses and taxes 

Purchase and present to daughter 

Family expenses and undescribed debts 

Grocery business 



Purchase and interest 

To secure a friend's debt 

Farm expenses, sickness, and undescribed 
debts. 

Failure of crop and loss of stock 

Losses in theatrical business 

Improvements and farm expenses 

To buy patent right 

Lost in panic of 1857 

To carry on blacksmith's trade 

Improvements, farm stock, and expenses.. 

Improvements and sickness 

Loss by theft 

To buy farm property 

Lumber business 

Farm labor 

luaprovements and household goods 

Cigar manufacturing 

Speculation 

Improvements, farm stock, and insurance- 
Purchase, to buy cows and farm machines- 
Interest 

To support invalid wife 

To invest and undescribed debts 

Purchase, improvements, and macliines... 
Family expenses and sickness 

Taxes and to help son-in-law 

Farm stock and implements 

To buy ^"^ ell-drilling machine 

To pay for railroad stock 

Damages for assault and battery 

To buy farm machines 

To help brother-in-law 

Broom manufacturing 

Education 

Losses by fire 

To buy team of horses 

Hardware business 

To pay for pottery 

To buy thrashing machine ... 

To buy horse and wagon 

Improvements and fixtures for creamery.. 

Improvements, implement business, and 

security. 

To carry on harness maker's trade 

Furniture business 

Improvements, to buy more land, a 
unde.seribed debts. 

To help friend and pay taxes 

To go to England to visit parents 

Unknown 



SI, 200 
1,100 
1,010 



1,000 
1,000 
1,000 
1,300 



SI. 200 
1,100 
1,010 

1,000 
1,000 

1,000 
1,000 
1,000 



54 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 



Table 7.— IOWA— OBJECTS OF RECORDED REAL ESTATE MORTGAGE INDEBTEDNESS, ETC. —Continued. 

JOHNSON. 



OBJECTS OF INDEBTEDNESS. 



Amount 

unpaid 

January 1, 

1890. 



OBJECTS OF INDEBTEDNESS. 



Amount 

unpaid 

January 1, 

1890. 



The county 

Purchase money 

Improvements 

To buy more land 

Purchase and improvements 

■ To buy farm stock 

Business 

Security debts 

To erect a sugar manufactory 

Improvements and security for a defaulter...., 
Dry-goods business 

Improvements and farm stock 

Family expenses 

To prevent son from selling farm given to him, 

Family expenses and undescribed debts 

Purchase money and to buy more land , 

Improvements, farm stock, and undescribed 

debts. 
Political and personal expense*? 
Improvements and farm exptn&ts 
To secure dowe r 
Alimony 

Sickness 

To buy farm machines 

Business and impro\ement'a 

To buy more land impruvtrntnls and t inn 

stock. 
To aid father- 
Hardware business 
Bad manageuK nt and "sickness 
Satisfy wife's interest 
Improvements and to bu\ stallion 
Liverj' business 

Publishing business 

To aid children 

Farm expenses 

To start son in business 

To buy farm stoc k uid machines 

To send son w( st 

Improvements and undescribed debts 
Farm stock and to bu\ moie 1 md 
Farm stock, grain and himbti 
Clothing busintss 

To drill oil well 

To invest in gr ipe ( ulture 

Improvements and to buy more land 

Attorneys' fees 

Sickness and fami]\ expenses 



1,510,765 
202.195 
121,553 
84,330 
18,853 

21,680 
13,822 

16,000 
7,000 
0,000 

6,400 
4,159 
4,000 
3,799 
5,600 

3,000 

3,000 
2,987 
2,900 



3,160 
2,550 
2,500 
2,500 

2,500 

2,850 
2,500 
2,000 
2,000 
2,800 

3,a50 



2,600 
2,450 
1,600 
2,000 
1,500 

1,500 
1,500 
1,400 
1,360 
1,375 



1,236,871 
175.417 
100,786 
78.055 
18,353 

17,180 
10,314 
9,500 
7.000 
6,000 

5,832 
4,044 
4,000 



2,578 
2,550 
2,500 
2,500 

2,500 

2,300 
2,000 
2,000 
2,000 
1,900 

1,850 
1,830 
1,775 
1,725 

1,700 

1,700 
1,650 
1,600 
1,500 
1,500 

1,500 
1,500 
1,400 



Improvements, farm machines, and security 

debt. 
To satisfy judgment 
Clerk hire.. 
To buy teams 
Milling business 

Machinery, sickness, and interest 

To buy home in Florida and expense of 
moving. 

Laundry business 

Purchase and undescribed debts 

Farm machines, stock, and securit\ tiebts 

Undescribed debts 

To buy hoi-ses for speculation 

Interest 

To pay a fine 

Sickness and funeral expenses 

Improvements and farm niithines 
Purchase and family exptnsts 
To pay labor and private use 
Dry-goods and grocery business 
To buy a patent right 

Shoe business 

Taxes and debts of estate 
Farm stock and family expenses 
Expenses of brother at college and farm 

expenses. 
Purchase and farm outfit 



Litigation and alimonv 

Losses from bad managLinent 

Maintenance of mother 

Traveling expenses 

Farm machines and insuianec 

Losses in business. 

To pay judgment and buj faim stock 

Kent of land 

Sickness 

Improvements and seeuiit> debts 

Commission for securing loan 
Improvements and attorncjs' fees 
To buy fruit trees.. 
Sickness and comniis^-ion on Umu 

House rent 

To help a friend.... 
To pay for moving 

Taxes : 

Lost in gambling . 

Funeral expenses.. 

Improvements and undescribed debts 

Taxes and farm expt uses 

To buy blacksmiths' tools 

Unknown 



1,200 
1,080 
1,110 



^1,200 

1,200 
1,080 
1,060 
1,000 



OBJECTS OF MORTGAGE INDEBTEDNESS. 



65 



Table 8. 



-ALABAMA— OBJECTS OF RECORDED REAL ESTATE MORTGAGE INDEBTEDNESS, AS DETERMINED BY 
PERSONAL INQUIRY, CLASSIFIED BY AMOUNTS AND BY SELECTED COUNTIES. 



COUNTIES AND OBJECTS OF 
INDEBTEDNESS. 


TOTAI,. 


■DNDEK 8100. 


SlOO AND UNDER 
§500. 


$500 AND UNDEE 
$1,000. 


81,000 AND UNDEK 
$5,000. 


$5,000 AND OVEE. 


Number 
of mort- 
gages. 


Original 
amount. 


Per cent 
of total 
amount. 


Number 
of mort- 
gages. 


Original 


Number 
of mort- 
gages. 


Original 


Number 
of mort- 
gages. 


Original 


Number 
of mort- 
gages. 


Original 
amount. 


Number 
of mort- 
gages. 


Original 
amount. 




185 


$192,909 


100.00 


6 


S472 


66 


$18,754 


48 


$30,885 


63 


$126,798 


2 


$16,000 






52 
63 
14 
14 

7 
19 
6 
1 
9 

2,927 


59,151 
41,293 
33,376 
22,091 
14,932 
10,313 
2,947 
2,240 
6,566 

15,873,851 


30.66 
21.41 
17.30 
11.45 
7.74 
5.35 
1.53 
1.16 
3.40 

100.00 






16 
31 


4,693 
9,238 


12 
17 
5 
3 


7,403 
10,956 
3,.376 
1,500 


23 
12 
8 
8 
6 
2 
1 
1 

1,166 


42,055 
20,870 
19,000 
19,696 
14,775 
2,800 
1,350 
2,240 
4,012 

2,502,333 


1 


5,000 




3 


229 




1 










3 

1 
9 
4 


895 

157 

2,363 

958 
















1 


90 


7 
1 


5,060 
639 






Purchase and farm supplies 
















2 
111 


153 

7,493 


785 


450 

206,748 


3 

534 


1,951 
365,776 








331 


12,791,501 






1,808 
598 
42 
162 
78 
6 
8 

3 
3 

4 
46 
74 
19 

1 

16 

1 

1 
1 
2 

2 

2 

12 
38 


10,125,147 
3,253,533 
693,679 
557,123 
467.545 
287,000 
116,583 

56,240 
29,500 

26,600 
19,657 
16,138 
7,323 
6,960 

3,574 
2,350 

2,000 

1,000 

331 

210 

145 

12,102 
189,078 


63.79 
20.50 
4.37 
3.51 
2.95 
1.81 
0.73 

0.35 
. 0.19 

0.17 
0.12 
0.10 
0.05 
0.04 

0.02 
0.01 

0.01 
0.01 
•0.00 

■0.00 

0.00 

0.08 
1.19 


38 

18 


2,739 
1,239 


462 
160 

12 

29' 

19 


129,610 
41,626 
2,790 
7,984 
3,847 


351 
114 

8 
28 
9 
1 

1 


243,744 
75,982 
5,622 
19,073 
5,520 
500 
880 


782 
224 
16 
75 
34 
1 


1,754,938 
422,996 
29,367 
157,388 
76,278 
3,500 
4,800 


175 

82 
6 
2S 
16 
4 
3 

2 
3 


7,994,116 

2,711,690 

655,900 

372,603 




Purchase and improvements 


1 


75 




Improvements and other objects. 
Purchase, improvements, and 

other objects. 

Improvements and business 

Improvements and to buy more 

land. 
Purchase money and business... 






283,000 
110,400 

56,000 
27,000 

24,000 


. 1 


36 


1 
1 


467 
240 










1 

1 
5 
3 


2,500 

2,600 
9,600 
3,699 
4,000 














12 
25 


732 

1,633 

441 


23 
41 

7 


5,316 
7,30-1 
1,307 


6 
5 
3 


4,009 
3,502 
1,575 








Litifjation and lawyers' fees 

To buy more land and family 

expenses. 

Farm expenses and property 

To buy more land and other 

objects. 
To buy more land and business. 






1 


6,960 


4 


am 


9 


1,254 


3 


2,015 






1 

1 
1 


2,350 

2,000 
1,000 






































Family expenses and imjjrove- 
ments. 

Farm expenses, property, and 
other objects. 

Family expenses and other ob- 
jects. 






2 

1 

3 
13 


334 

210 

100 

821 
3,508 


























1 


45 














2 
3 


1,564 
1,790 


7 
10 


9,717 
15,600 








4 


248 


8 


167,932 





56 FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 

Table 8.— IOWA— OBJECTS OF EECORDED REAL ESTATE MORTGAGE INDEBTEDNESS, ETC.— Continued. 





TOTAL. 


UNDER $10Q. 


$100 AND CNDEE 
$500. 


$500 AND UNDER 
$1,000. 


$1,000 AND UNDER 
88,000. 


$5,000 AND OVER. 


INDEBTEDNESS. 


Number 
of mort- 
gages. 


Original 
amount. 


Per cent 
of total 
amount. 


Number 
of mort- 
gages. 


Original 
amount. 


Number 
of mort- 
gages. 


Original 


Number 
of mort- 
gages. 


' Original 


Number 
of mort- 
gages. 


1 Originjil 
amount. 


Number 
of mort- 
gages. 


Original 
amount. 




2,506 


?2,'676,631 


100.00 


■ 36 


$2,367 


600 


$173,881 


784 


$528,496 


1,058 


$1,786,766 


28 


$185,121 








1,679 
168 
280 

77 
73 
74 

21 
12 

7 
13 
9 

8 
i 

7 
1 
73 

2,546 


1,805,774 
226,976 
223,606 
96,393 

88,848 
70,504 

25,400 
22,7.50 

13,800 
12,221 
11,200 

10,000 
3,(X)0 

1,696 
1,396 
61,067 

2,792,707 


67.47 
8.48 
8.43 
3.60 
3.. 32 
2.63 

0.95 
0.85 

0.52 
0.46 
0.42 

0.37 
0.11 

0.06 
0.05 
2.28 

100.00 


26 


1,697 


332 
28 

119 
26 
19 
12 

3 

1 

1 

1 


104,997 
8,7.34 
33,566 
6,847 
4,2.52 
3,905 

750 
650 

400 
300 
675 

200 


537 
47 
81 
24 
22 
27 

6 

1 

3 

7 
3 

4 
3 

1 


366,564 
31 ,746 
51,608 
14,9.38 
14,020 
18,999 

3,7.50 
800 

2,200 
5,250 
2,300 

2,800 
1,700 

500 


7.54 
89 
73 
23 
28 
35 

12 
9 

1 

4 
4 

3 

1 


1,261,095 
160,996 
121,143 
45,608 
50,.521 
47,600 

20,900 
21,300 

1,200 
6,600 
8,225 

7,000 
1,300 


10 
4 
3 
4 
3 


71,421 


Purchase and improvements 


25,500 
19,000 


4 


229 




29,000 


Farm expenses and property 

To buy more land in Iowa and 
other states. 


1 


55 


20,000 










Purchase, improvements, and 

other objects. 

Improvements and business 

Purcliase and farm property 

Improvements, farm property, 

and expenses. 
Improvements and other objects. 
Improvements, farm property, 

expenses, and other objects. 














2 


10,000 


1 


71 




























6 


1,196 












1 
21 

1,044 


1,396 
31,882 

1,678,734 








4 

22 


315 
1,532 


28 
553 


7,409 
167,272 


18 
884 


11,261 
599,294 


2 
43 


10,200 




345,875 








1,604 
365 
206 
47 
76 
32 
5-1 

52 
21 

7 
17 
65 

1,537 


1,790,406 
287,476 
268,330 
124,204 
80,296 
52,319 
52,300 

31,158 
26,950 

14,045 
12,935 
52,288 

1,903,333 


64.11 
10.29 
9.61 
4.45 

2.88 
1.87 
1.87 

1.12 
0.97 

0.50 
0.46 
1.87 

100.00 


7 
10 


481 
697 


292 
122 
26 
8 
31 
5 
9 

25 
3 


89; 769 
35,6.30 
8,000 
2,400 
9,880 
1,900 
2,800 

6,934 
1,150 


581 
140 
65 
9 
22 
6 
18 

15 
3 

1 
3 
21 

"■ 414 


402, a34 
90,885 
44,190 
6,020 
13,668 
3,575 
11,3.50 

9,660 
1,900 

550 
2,100 
13,062 

273,282 


701 
90 

110 
25 
19 
18 
27 

10 
15 

6 
7 
16 

654 


1,120,.347 
1.58,764 
183,140 
48,284 
31,260 
31,844 
38,150 

14,439 
23,900 

13,495 
8,900 
26,211 

1,202,358 


23 
3 
5 
5 
3 
3 


177,475 




21,500 




33,000 








67,500 


Farm expenses and property 


1 


88 


25,400 
15,000 










otiier states. 


2 


125 






Purchase, farm expenses, and 
property. 

Purchase and otlier objects 

Improvements and other objects. 














1 
1 

33 


60 
81 

2,074 


6 

26 

392 


1,875 
6,934 

106,741 






1 
44 


6,000 




318,878 








954 
201 
74 
40 
44 
40 
6 
14 
34 
19 

7 

10 

4 
8 

80 
1,859 


1,263,242 
173,227 
110,750 
70,. 389 
61,886 
54,996 
15,549 
14,461 
14,095 
9,854 

8,760 

8,150 

3,950 

3,260 

5,. 500 
83,264 

2,]J26,360 


66.47 
9.10 
5.82 
3.70 
3.25 
2.89 
0.82 
0.76 
0.74 
0.52 

0.46 

0.43 

0.21 

0.17 

0.29 
4.37 

lOO.OO 


19 


1,091 
130 


197 
71 
12 
14 
7 
17 


54,821 
19,423 
3,412 
3,365 
2,085 
4,663 


251 
72 
18 
9 
10 
14 


171,715 
45,143 
11,407 
5,200 
6,905 
8,473 


457 
54 
43 
14 
25 
5 
5 

4 
3 

4 

1 


844,.541 
92,316 
87,931 
32,824 
42,041 
6,700 
8,815 
10,321 
6,260 
4,200 

5,700 

4,700 

2,500 


30 

1 
3 

1 


193,074 




16 213 




8,000 








29,000 








10,a55 


Farm expenses and property 


2 


158 


35,000 
6,734 


Improvements and other objects. 






5 
21 
11 

2 

1 

1, 

6 


1,740 
4,516 
2,788 

668 

200 

350 

2,160 


4 
5 
5 

3 

5 

2 

2 

1 
13 

472 


2,400 
3,048 
2,866 

2,392 

3,250 

1,100 

1,100 

500 
7,781 

316,265 




4 


271 






Farm and family expenses and 

other objects. 
Improvements and to buy more 

land. 
Improvements, farm expenses, 

and property. 
Improvements, farm and family 

expenses, and other objects. 
Purchase, farm expenses, and 

property. 














































1 
2 

24 


5,000 




6 

48 


424 
3,383 


491 


6,550 
130,322 


32 

824 


53,509 
1,481,476 


15,000 




194,914 








1,195 
285 
104 
48 
43 
23 
37 
11 

6 

3 

18 
2 

4 

1 


1,516,425 
202,195 
121,563 
85,730 
61,405 
29,372 
29,018 
14,387 

5,174 

5,100 

4,159 
1,600 
1,200 

500 


71.32 
9.51 
5.72 
4.03 
2.89 
1.38 
1.36 
0.68 

0.24 

0.24 

0.20 
0.07 
0.06 

0.02 
0.11 
2.17 


13 
15 


817 
872 
155 


272 
118 
16 
8 
9 
2 
9 
1 

4 


76,854 
27,689 
4,554 
2,333 
2,800 
550 
2,300 
400 

875 


287 
76 
33 

9 
13 
13 
13 

5 

1 


192,454 
52,845 
22,304 
6,300 
7,700 
7,772 
9,7.53 
3,337 

500 


606 
75 
51 
30 
18 

8 
11 

5 

1 
3 


1,119,286 
110,789 
84,550 
58,197 
28,855 
14,000 
16,a50 
10,650 

3,799 

5,100 


17 
1 

2 
1 

2 

1 


127,014 






10,000 
18,900 






1 
1 
4 


50 
50 
615 


22,000 
7,000 


Improvements and other objects 
Farm expenses and property 






penses. 










jeets. 










penses. 


4 


249 


11 


1,910 


3 

1 
1 

1 


2,000 
600 
600 

50O 






Purchase and other objects 


1 


1,000 










3 


700 






jects. 














Unknown 


1 
7 


50 
525 




471 


















15 


28,900 










' 1 




' 1 




■ 1 







'^P.L. Sindery, 



iiiiHieiiiMiiliiiM