(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Extra census bulletin"



•-£_ 



ciV?.. 



*MA20I . IB90.A2 



Apr. I«9 
ua. 13 




2- 
94 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Boston Public Library 



http://www.archive.org/details/extracensusbulle19unit 



i 



Extra Census Bulletin. 



r-T— rjv^j . 



No. 19. 



WASHINGTON, EfrfcU! 



Fh:? April 30, 1892. 



DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES IN 1890. 

' a *y DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, 

. /J s^-J Census Office, 

Apr- 3V; /#?2 'l2u^ ^3) / Washington, D. C, April 13, 1892. 



Sir: 



The general results of the Eleventh Census regarding dwellings and families for states and principal cities are 
presented in this bulletin. The results in detail by counties and places having a population of 2,500 and upward 
will be given in Part 1 of the Compendium, now in the hands of the printer, and in the final reports. 

A dwelling, for census purposes, means any building or place of abode in which any person was living at the 
time the census was taken, whether a room above a warehouse or factory, a loft above a stable, a wigwam on the 
outskirts of a settlement, a hotel, a boarding or lodging house, a large tenement house, or a dwelling house as 
ordinarily considered. 

Under this definition of the term dwelling, the total number of occupied dwellings in the United States in 
June, 1890, according to the returns made under the Eleventh Census, was 11,483,318. In 1880 a total of 8,955,812 
dwellings was returned, showing an increase of 2,527,506, or 28.22 per cent, during the decade. The following 
table gives for each state and territory the total number of dwellings returned at the censuses of 1850, 1860, 1870 
1880, and 1890, together with a statement showing the average number of persons to a dwelling at each of these 
censuses: 

TOTAL DWELLINGS AND PERSONS TO A DWELLING: 1850 TO 1890. 



[In 1860 and 1870 the total number of dwellings includes both occupied and unoccupied dwellings, whili 
dwellings only is reported. For 1850 and 1860 the number of dwellings is for the free population 
population were not returned.] 



in 1850, 1880, and 1890 the total number of occupied 
nly, as at those censuses the dwellings of the slave 







NUMBER OF DWELLINGS. 






PERSONS TO A DWELLING. 




























1890 


1880 


1870 


1860 


1850 


1890 


1880 


1870 


1860 


1850 




11,483,318 


8,955,812 


7,042,833 


4,969,692 


3,362,337 


5.45 


5.60 


5.47 


5.53 


5.94 






2, 962, 345 
135,255 


2,430,182 


2,103,500 


1,808,435 


1,390,005 


5.87 


5.97 


5.85 


5.86 


6.21 






124,959 


121,953 


115,933 


95,802 


4.89 


5.19 


5.14 


5.42 


6.09 




76,665 
69,817 


68,381 
66,769 


67,016 
66,145 


65,968 
62,977 


57,339 
56,421 










5.55 
5.57 




4.76 


4.98 


5.00 


5.00 




355,280 


281,188 


236,473 


205,319 


152,835 


6.30 


6.34 


6.16 


6.00 


6.51 


Rhode Island 


52,250 


41,388 


34,828 


27,056 


22,379 


6.61 


6.68 


6.24 


6.45 


6.59 




130,779 


108,458 


96,880 


83,622 


64,013 


5.71 


5.74 


5.55 


5.50 


5.79 




895,593 


772,512 


688,559 


615,888 


473,936 


6.70 


6.58 


6.37 


6.30 


6.54 




247,342 


190,403 


155,936 


116,353 


81,064 


5.84 


5.94 


5.81 


5.78 


6.04 








635,680 
1,102,778 


515,319 
656,074 


386,216 
528,596 














1,626,372 


1,383,493 


5.45 


5.49 


5.31 


5.37 












27,215 
155,070 

28,687 
265,611 
108,349 
264,305 


22,577 
129,620 


19,288 
106,137 
12,338 


15,290 














184,204 














7,917 
165,815 














292,654 
136,378 
301,571 
217,195 
342,874 


224,947 
78,854 




























129,585 
58,220 
109,069 


104,996 
52,642 
91,206 














143,485 
236,436 














289,474 


5.36 


5.33 ■ 


5.01 


5.46 


5.75 




78,816 


52,868 


41,047 


14,132 J 


9,022 


4.97 


5.10 


4.57 


5.57 


5.34 



POPULATION. 



TOTAL DWELLINGS AND PERSONS TO A DWELLING : 1850 TO 1890— Continued. 



NUMBER OF DWELLINGS. 



STATES AND TERRITORIES. 



1890 1880 1870 1860 1850 



North Central dj'vi^i(jn,V..*..^":..V.:.;..^:.. ..'...:' '. 4,2S7,.166. 

Ohio t«;.c .;...•.;? ::i: c «'*720,4i4 

Indiana ««i. I. .!....! \< '-'452,043 

Illinois 1 .... ( .... v; .. i . iV . ; .,. ; ... v .... v ,. / ,669,812 

Michigan. ...'/.:. j..V.. I... ! # .,.-.;'...'j.:.. '...'.',',.:;';' 424,370 ' 

Wisconsin. ..t.\. *..*.? *....». ..!.f.*.. '.!.'... .'..'..' /.. ' 3x6,163 

Minnesota 229,678 

Iowa 379,318 

Missouri 485,320 

North Dakota 37,918} 

South Dakota i 68,894 J 

Nebraska ' 201,470 

Kansas ' 292,086 

South Central division ' 2,007,279 

Kentucky [ 335,990 

Tennessee ' 323,136 

Alabama ! 281,602 

Mississippi 235,656 

Louisiana ! 204,341 

Texas | 402,422 

Oklahoma i 14,942 

Arkansas ! 209,190 

Western division ' 599,836 

Montana : 26,934 

Wyoming 11,880 

Colorado 81,127 

New Mexico 34,671 

Arizona 13,338 

Utah 37,285 

Nevada 10,066 

Idaho 17,852 

Washington ' 68,833 

Oregon 61,925 

California 235,925 



375,225 
538,221 
321,514 
239,361 
136,458 
301,507 
369,180 

Cl29,324 

85,848 
189,432 

1,623,664 



495,667 
318,469 
464,155 
237,036 
197,098 
81,140 
219,846 
292,769 

a3,231 

25,144 
71,071 



425,672 
256,946 
304,732 
150,952 
154,036 
40,926 
131,663 
181,069 



911,565 



336,098 
170,178 
146,544 
71,616 
56,316 
1,002 
32,962 



PERSONS TO A DWELLING. 



1890 1880 1870 1860 



5.22 



a .1,361 

7,811 
33,278 



286,600 
276,734 
240,227 
208,297 
174,867 
287,562 



149,377 



345,739 



9,205 

4,282 
39,018 
26,311 

9,033 
26,710 
14,557 

7,700 
15,512 
32,374 
161,037 



224,969 
224,816 
198,327 
164,150 
150,427 
141,685 



93,195 



9,450 
2,379 
10,009 
21,053 
2,822 
18,290 
12,990 
4,622 
6,066 
19,372 
126,307 



668,387 



164,161 
147,947 
96,682 
61,460 
63,992 
77,428 



56,717 
148,350 



■190,280 



130,769 
129,419 
73,070 
51,681 
49,101 
27,988 



5.10 
4.85 
5.71 
4.82 
5.34 
5.67 
5.04 
5.52 
|4.82| 
(4.77.1 



21,945 
10,763 



3,037 
12,277 

100,328 



28,252 
41,891 



5.53 
5.47 
5.37 
5.47 
5.47 
5.56 
4.14 



2,374 
23,742 



4.91 
5.11 
5.08 
4.43 
4.47 
5.58 
4.55 



5.07 
5.12 



5.45 
5.27 
5.72 



5.72 
5.39 

5.87 

a4.61 
5.27 



5.75 
5.57 
5.26 
5.43 



5.38 
5.28 
5.47 
5.00 
5.35 
5.42 
5.44 
5.87 



5.87 
5.60 



5.50 
5.26 
5.62 
4.96 
5.04 
4.20 
5.13 



4.24 
4.84 
5.40 
5.37 



4.36 
3.42 
4.75 
3.27 
3.25 
3.95 



5.67 
5.64 
5.47 
5.77 
5.88 
5.45 



5.72 
4.17 



4.26 
3.75 



a Dakota territory. 

TOTAL DWELLINGS AND PEESONS TO A DWELLING, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS. 







NUMBER OF DWELLINGS. 






PERSONS 


TO A DWELLING. 






1890 


1880 


1870 


1860 


1850 


1890 


1880 


1870 


1860 


1850 




11,483,318 


8,955,812 


7,042,833 


4,969,692 


3,362,337 


5.45 


5.60 


5.47 


5.53 


5.94 








2,962,345 
1,626,372 
4,287,486 
2,007,279 
599,836 


2,430,182 
1,383,493 
3,172,734 
1,623,664 
345,739 






1,390,005 
528,596 
911,565 
490,280 
41,891 


5.87 
5.45 
5.22 
5.47 
5.05 


5.97 
5.49 
5.47 
5.49 
5.11 


5.85 
5.31 
5.40 
5.37 
4.24 


5.86 
5.37 
5.32 
5.64 
4.17 


6.21 




1,102,778 656,074 
2,405,626 1,688,446 
1,197,569 668,387 


5.71 




5.83 




5.81 




4.27 











DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES IN 1890. 



As stated in the headuoto to this table, the figures for the censuses of 1850 to 1870, inclusive, do not afford a 
fair basis of comparison. In considering the results regarding dwellings, therefore, this analysis must be restricted 
to 18S0 and 1890. The general increase in the number of dwellings for the United States as a whole from 1880 to 
1890 is, as already stated, 2S.22 per cent. There has been an increase in the Western division of 73.49 per cent 
and in the North Central division of 35.11 per cent. The number and per cent of increase since 18S0 for each 
geographical division is as follows: 



GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS. 


INCREASE IN DWELL- 
INGS, 1830 TO 1890. 


Number. 


Per cent. 


2,527,506 


28.22 




532,103 
242,879 
1,114,752 
383,615 
254,097 


21.90 
17.56 
35.14 
23.63 
73.49 













The average number of persons to a dwelling in 1S90, for the United States, was 5.15 as against 5.(50 in 1880 
and 5.91 for the white and free colored population in 1850. For the North Atlantic division there were, on the 
average, 5.87 persons to a dwelling in 1890, 5.97 in 1SS0, and 6.21 in 1850; for the South Atlantic division, 5.45 in 
1890, 5.49 in 1880, and 5.71 in 1850; for the North Central division, 5.22 in 1890, 5.47 in 1880, and 5.83 in 1850; 
for the South Central division, 5.47 in 1S90, 5.19 in 1880, and 5.81 in 1850; for the Western division, 5.05 in 1890 
5.11 in 1880, and 4.27 in 1850. For each of the 3 censuses named, Massachusetts, Ehode Island, and New York 
are reported as having, on the average, the largest number of persons to a dwelling, being in each case more than 6 
persons. In 18S0 Maryland and the District of Columbia are also credited with an average of more than 6 persons. 

The word family, for the purposes of the census, includes not only the normal family, as generally understood, 
but also all persons living alone, and all larger aggregations of people having only the tie of a common roof and 
table, as the inmates of hotels, hospitals, prisons, asylums, etc. Considered as regards great bodies of population, 
however, the presence of these large "census" families does not probably have any very appreciable effect on the 
average size of the normal family. A very good illustration of this point is afforded by the state census of 
Massachusetts in 1S85 («), where, after eliminating all aggregations of people which could not properly be considered 
as constituting a normal family, it was found that the average size of family for the state as a whole was reduced 
from 4.58 to 4.45, or a difference of but 0.13. For small bodies of population, as counties, cities, and towns, in 
which these large aggregations of people are located, the average size of family will of course be affected according 
to the number and size of such institutious. 

According to the returns of the Eleventh Census, the total number of families, as just defined, living in the 
United States in June, 1S90, was 12,690,152, with an aggregate population of 62,622,250, or 4.93 persons, on the 
average, to each family. In 1S80 there were returned 9,945,916 families, the average size of family at that census 
being 5.04 for the entire country, with a population of 50,155,783. The results in detail by states and territories, 
giving the number of families and persons to a family for the last 5 censuses, namely, from 1850 to 1890, are given 
in the table on the following page. 



a Census of Massachusetts, 1885; Population and Social Statistics, Part I, pp. 49, 50. 



POPULATION. 



TOTAL FAMILIES AND PERSONS TO A FAMILY. 
[In I860 and 1850 the number of families given is for the free population only, as at those censuses the families of the slave population were not returned.] 



S'l> TEKKITOKIJ-. 



The United States 

North Atlantic division... 

Maine 

New Hampshire 

Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

South Atlantic division... 

Delaware 

Maryland 

District of Columbia.. 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

North Central division — 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

South Central division 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Louisiana 

Texas 

Oklahoma 

Arkansas 

Western division 

Montana 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Idaho 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 



N I'M mil! OF FAMILIES. 



3,712,242 



150,355 
87,318 
75,869 
479,790 
75,010 
165,890 
1,308,015 
308,339 
1,061,626 

1,087,767 



34,578 
202,179 

43,967 
301,673 
140,359 
306,952 
222,941 
352,059 

80,059 



7,975 
3,517 



3,250.1 
S,820 



354,463 
334,194 
287,292 
241, 14S 
214,123 
411,251 
15,029 
213,620 

020,418 



27,501 
12,065 
84,276 
35,504 
13,495 
38,816 
10,170 
18,113 
70,977 
63,791 
245,710 



3,023.711 



141, S43 
80,286 
73,092 

379,710 
60,259 

136,885 
1,078,905 

232,309 

810,452 

1,463,361 



28.253 
175,318 

34,896 
282,355 
111,732 
270,994 
202,062 
303,060 

5-1,691 



011,907 
391,203 
591,931 
336,973 
251,530 
143,374 
310,894 
403,186 

a3 1,202 

89,135 
197,679 



302,631 
286,539 
248,961 
215,055 
192,833 
297,259 



151. '27: 



372,217 



9,931 

4,601 
41,260 
28,255 

9,536 
28,373 
15,158 

7,774 
16.3S0 
33,468 
177,508 



131,017 
72,144 
70,462 
305,534 
46,133 
114,981 
898,772 
183,043 
075,408 



22,900 
140,078 

25,276 
231 ,574 

78,474 
205,970 
151,105 
237,850 



,480,311 



521,981 
320,160 
474,533 
241,000 
200,155 
82,471 
222,430 
316,917 



25,075 
72,493 



232,797 
231,365 
202,704 
166,828 
158,099 
154,483 



90,135 



7,058 
2,248 
9,358 

21,419 
2,290 

17,210 
9,880 
4,101 
5,073 

18,504 
128,752 



120,863 
69,018 
63,781 
251,287 
35,209 
94,831 
758,420 
130,348 
524,558 

052,396 



18,966 
110,278 

12,888 
201,523 



125,090 
58,642 

109,919 
15,090 



434,134 
248,064 
315,539 
144,761 
147,473 
37,319 
121,098 
192,073 

al,211 

5,931 
31,957 

684,021 



166,321 
149,335 
96,603 
63,015 
74,725 
76,781 



57,211 



2,798 
11,063 
98,767 



103,333 
62,287 
58,573 

192,675 
28,216 
73,448 

566,869 
89,080 

408,497 

537,857 



15,439 

87,384 

8,343 

167,530 



105,451 
52,937 
91,666 
9,107 

934,873 



348,514 
171,564 
119,153 
72,611 
57,608 
1,016 
33,517 
100,890 



499, 707 



132,920 
130,001 
73,786 
52,107 
54,112 
28,377 



28,161 



13,502 
2,322 



2,371 
24,567 



A FAMILY. 



4.40 

4.31 
1.38 
4.67 
4.61 
1.50 
1.59 
1.69 
4.95 



4.87 
5.16 
5.24 
5.41 
5.43 
5.27 
5.16 
5.22 



1.68 
1.69 
1.92 
4.60 
5.03 
5.25 
1.92 
5.07 

J 4.75! 

I 4.68J 
5.12 



5.24 
5.29 
5.27 
5.35 
5.22 
5.44 
4.11 
5.28 



4.42 
5.36 
4.50 
1.66 
1.92 
1.92 
1.92 



1.58 
1.32 
1.55 
1.70 
1.59 
1.55 
1.71 
1.87 
5.10 



5.19 
5.33 
5.09 
5.36 
5.51 
5.17 
4.93 
5.09 
4.93 



5.06 
5.20 



5.23 
5.45 



5.25 

5.45 
5.38 
5.07 
5.26 
1.87 
5.35 



3.31 
1.52 
1.71 
1.23 
1.21 
5.07 
1.11 
1.19 
1.59 



1.78 
1.41 
1.69 
1.77 
1.71 
1.67 
4.88 
1.95 
5.21 



5.46 
5.57 
5.21 
5.29 
5.63 
5.20 
4.67 
4.98 
4.77 



5.11 

5.25 
5.35 
4.91 
5.27 
5.33 



1.91 
5.03 



5.67 
5.44 
1.92 
1.96 
1.60 
5.30 



2.92 
1.06 
4.26 
4.28 
4.22 
5.04 
4.30 
3.65 
4.22 
4.91 
1.35 



5.20 
4.72 
4.91 
1.90 
4.96 
4.85 
5.12 
5.16 
5.54 



5.82 
5.41 
5.58 



5.29 
5.11 
5.41 
5.21 



5.39 
5.43 
5.43 
5.17 
5.26 
1.61 
5.14 
5.56 



5.59 
5.48 
5.63 
5.04 
5.19 



4.48 
4.96 



4.14 
1.71 
3.85 



' Dakota territory. 



DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES IN 1890. 

TOTAL FAMILIES AND PERSONS TO A FAMILY, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS. 





NUMBER OF FAMILIES. 




PERSONS TO A FAMILY. 






1890 


1880 


1870 


18GO 


1850 


1890 


1880 


1870 


1860 


1850 




12,090,152 


9,915,916 


7,579,363 


5,210,934 


3,59S,240 


4.03 


5.04 


5.09 


5.28 


5.55 






3,712,242 
1,687,767 
4,598,605 
2,071,120 
620,418 


3,023,741 
1,463,361 
3,389,017 
1,697,550 
372,247 


2,497,494 
1,132,621 
2,480,311 
1,242,411 
226,526 


2,048,315 
652,396 

1,083,190 
684,024 
143,009 


1,582,978 
537,857 
934,873 
499,767 
42,765 


4.69 
5.25 
4.80 
5.30 

4.88 


4. SO 
5.19 
5.12 
5.25 
4.75 


4.92 
5.17 
5.23 
5.18 
4.37 


5.17 
5.40 
5.34 
5.51 
4.33 


5.45 
5.61 
5.69 
5.70 
4.18 













The increase in families by number and per cent during each decade is shown for the United States and for 
each geographical division, as follows : 



GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS. 


INCREASE IN FAMILIES. 


1880 to 1890. 


1870 lo 1880. 


18GO to 1870. 


1850 to 1800. 


Number. 


Per 

cent. 


Number. 


Pel- 
cent. 


Number. 


Per 

cent. 


Number. 


Per 

cent. 




2,744,236 


27.59 


2,306,553 


31.22 


2,368,429 


45.45 


1,612,G94 


41.82 




688,501 
224,406 
1,209,588 
373,570 
248,171 


22.77 
15.33 
35.69 
22.01 
66.67 


526,247 
330,740 
90S, 706 
455,139 
145,721 


21.07 
29.20 
30.04 
36.63 
01.33 


449,179 
480,225 
797,121 
558,387 
83,517 


21 .93 
73.01 
47.30 
81.03 
5S.40 


465,337 
114,539 
748,317 
181,257 
100,244 


29.40 
21.30 
SO. 04 
36. S7 
234.41 













As shown by the above table, there has been an increase in the United States since 18S0 of 2,744,236 families, 
or 27.59 per cent. The numerical increase from 1870 to 1880 was only slightly less than in the decade from 1860 to 
1S70, while the per cent of increase was about a third less, or 31.22 per cent from 1870 to 1880 as against 45.45 per 
cent from 1860 to 1870. The numerical increase from 1850 to 1S60 was 1,612,694, and the per cent of increase 
44.S2, very nearly the same per cent as for 1860 to 1870. 

The excess of families over dwellings in 1S90, 1880, and 1S50 is indicated, both as regards number and per cent, 
in the following summary by geographical divisions : 

EXCESS OF FAMILIES OVER DWELLINGS. 



GEOGRAPHICAL, DIVISIONS. 


1890 


1880 


1850 


Number. 


Per cent. 


Number. 


Per cent. 


Number. 


Per cent. 




1,206,831 


10.51 


090,104 


11.00 


235,903 


7.02 




749,897 
61,395 

311,119 
63,841 
20,582 


25.31 
3.77 
7.26 
3.18 
3.43 


593,559 
79,868 

216,283 
73,886 
26,508 


24.12 
5.77 
6.82 
4.55 
7.67 


192,973 

9,261 

23,308 

9,487 

874 


13.88 
1.75 
2.50 
1.91 
2.09 













In 1S90 there were in the United States 1,206,834, or 10.51 per cent, more families than dwellings, while in 1880 
there was an excess of 990,104, or 11.06 per cent, and in 1850 an excess of 235,903, or 7.02 per cent. In 1S80 and 
1890 three-fifths and in 1850 four-fifths of this excess were comprised in the North Atlantic division. The 
percentages of excess for this division are also very much greater than those reported for any other division, being 
25.31 in 1S90, 24.42 in 1880, and 13.88 in 1850. Analyzing the results for each state comprising this division, 



6 



POPULATION. 



we find that this excess is largely concentrated in the states of New York, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island, 
where the crowded conditions of life in cities and factory towns largely prevail. The results in detail for each 
state follow : 

EXCESS OF FAMILIES OVER DWELLINGS. 



STATE , 


1890 


1880 


1S50 


Number. 


Per cent. 


Number. 


Per cent. 


Number. 


Per cent. 


North Atlantic division. 


749,897 


25.31 


593,559 


24.42 


192,973 


13.88 


15,100 
10,683 
0,052 

124,510 
22,760 
35,111 

112,422 
60,997 
62,262 


11.16 

13.93 
8.67 
35.05 
43.56 
26.85 
46.05 
24.66 
6.23 


16,884 
11,905 
6,323 
98,522 
18,871 
28,427 
306,393 
41,906 


13.51 
17.41 
9.47 
35.04 
45.60 
26.21 
39.66 
22.01 


7,531 
4,948 
2,152 

39,840 
5,837 
9,435 

92,933 
8,016 

22,281 


7.86 
8.63 
3.81 
26.07 
26.08 
14.74 
19.61 
9.89 
5.77 























The average number of persons to a family for the United States as a whole has steadily decreased since 1S50. 
At that census there were, on the average, 5.55 persons to a family ; in 1860 there were 5.2S persons; in 1870, 5.09 
persons ; in 1880, 5.04 persons, and in 1890, 4.93 persons. The decrease in the North Atlantic division has been 
particularly marked, the average size of family in 1890 being 4.69 as against an average in 1850 of 5.45. The 
greatest decrease in this division is found in Maine, the average in 1850 of 5.64 persons having been reduced to 
4.40 persons in 1890. In the North Central division there has also been a considerable decrease, or from 5.69 
in 1850 to 4.86 in 1890. In Ohio there has been a decrease since 1850 of 1 person, and in Indiana of 1.07 persons 
to a family. In Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Kansas there has been, on the other hand, an increase 
in the average size of family since 1860, the first census in which they appear. 

This is also largely true of the states and territories comprising the Western division, the general average for 
the division being 4.8S persons in 1890 as against 4.18 persons in 1850. In the newly settled territories the 
average size of family is small at first but increases steadily as settlement goes on. When the population becomes 
more or less urban in character the maximum is reached, and a constantly receding average is likely to be shown 
at each census thereafter. This is now the case with all the older states of our Union, except in the more 
southern states, where the colored element largely predominates. In these states, although there has been a 
decrease in 1890 as compared with 1850, there has been a general increase since 1870. For instance, in the South 
Atlantic division the average size of family in Virginia lias increased from 5.29 in 1S70 to 5.44 in 1S90 ; in North 
Carolina from 5.20 to 5.27 ; in South Carolina from 4.67 to 5.16 ; in Georgia from 4.98 to 5.22, and in Florida from 
4.77 to 4.89, although there has been a slight decrease since 1SS0. In the South Central division the same increases 
are shown, as in Alabama from 4.92 in 1870 to 5.27 in 1890 ; in Mississippi from 4.96 to 5.35, and in Louisiana from 
4.60 to 5.22. In Texas and Arkansas increases are also noticed, due partly, no doubt, to the greatly accelerated 
increase in population since 1870. The small average size of family for Oklahoma, just opened for settlement, is 
noted. 

The accompanying map presents graphically, in 5 degrees of color, the average size of family for each state 
and territory, the degrees of color being based upon the average size of family as shown for each county in the United 
States. It illustrates very clearly the points already referred to for each state as a whole, and emphasizes the 
points of difference regarding size of family for the various sections of the state itself. 

The tendency to decrease in the average size of family in thickly settled communities is brought out very 
forcibly in the table on the following page, which gives for 124 cities having 25,000 inhabitants and upward in 1890 
the total number of dwellings and families, the average number of persons to a dwelling and to a family, and for 95 
of these cities comparisons as to average number with similar results for 1880. The figures for 1S80 are taken from 
a table in the printed report of that census, giving for 100 principal cities statistics as to dwellings and families. 5 
of the cities named in this table are not included among the cities having in 1890 a population of 25,000 or more. 



ELEVENTH CENSUS OF THE UNITED STATES 
ROBERT P PORTER SUPERINTENDED 



EXTRA BULLETIN No. 19. 




I 



DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES IN 1890. 



CITIES. 


TOTAL 
DWELL- 
INGS. 


TOTAL 
FAMI- 
LIES. 


PERSONS TO A 
DWELLING. 


PERSONS TO A 
FAMILY. 


CITIES. 


TOTAL 
DWELL- 
INGS. 


TOTAL 
FAMI- 
LIES. 


PERSONS TO A 
DWELLING. 


PERSONS TO A 
FAMILY. 




1890 


1890 


1890 


1880 


1890 


1880 


1890 


1890 


1890 


1880 


1890 


1880 


New York, N. Y 


81,828 
127,871 
187,052 
82,282 
00,937 

52,669 
72,112 
47,183 
33,487 
43,835 

37,290 
43,000 
37,725 
38,798 
36,992 

32,888 
23,296 
25,281 
18,562 
24,999 

20,194 
23,954 
20,976 
23,140 
17,639 

18,010 
21,138 
16,543 
13,153 
16,179 

15,641 
9,785 
15,842 
12,538 
11,194 

9,870 
10,794 
13,746 
12,263 

6,644 

10,305 
11,447 
11,507 
11,878 
12,366 

7,805 
11,411 
11,693 
12,302 
11,428 

8,532 
8,848 
8,104 
6,553 
9,460 
9,091 

10,308 
9,923 
7,677 
9,387 
6,239 
8,990 


312,766 
220,320 
205,135 
170,970 
91,756 

89,716 
80,054 
52,535 
63,530 
53,052 

51,461 

48,582 
45,584 
43,967 
42,209 

41,519 

38,906 
32,901 
34,434 
32,970 

22,485 
27,312 
25,832 
20,734 
29,242 

19,730 
23,003 
20,805 
20,433 
18,050 

19,277 
17,800 
17,113 
15,078 
17,381 

16,815 
14,892 
15,487 
14,839 
14,383 

14,159 
13,353 
13,354 
12,473 
13,217 

12,895 
13,393 
12,326 
12,667 
11,901 

12,205 
9,256 
11,196 
11,596 
9,902 
9,743 

11,056 
10,488 
10,511 
10,006 
6,798 
9,392 


18.52 
8.60 
5.60 
9.80 
7.41 

8.52 
6.02 
6.34 
8.87 
5.96 

6.86 
5.63 
6.33 
5.94 
5.57 

6.22 

7.81 
6.52 
8.78 
6.45 

6.96 
5.59 
6.35 
5.74 
7.49 

5.93 
4.99 
6.36 
7.22 
5.45 

5.64 
8.65 
5.14 
6.49 
7.26 

7.94 
7.20 
5.54 
6.13 
11.20 

6.80 
5.72 
5.58 
5.17 
4.95 

7.81 
' 5.28 
5.02 
4.72 
5.03 

1 6.53 
6.23 
6.73 
8.12 
5.53 
5.58 

• 4.86 
5.05 
0.37 
5.19 
7.43 
5.15 


16.37 
8.24 
5.79 
9.11 
8.15 

8.26 
6.54 
6.86 
9.11 
5.89 

6.55 
5.95 
6.44 
6.19 
5.68 

6.17 
7.26 
6.76 
8.59 
6.55 

5.97 
5.65 
6.54 
6.48 
7.41 

6.75 
5.47 
6.59 
6.85 
6.06 

5.87 
8.79 
5.16 
6.67 
6.31 

7.00 
7.21 
6.13 

6.25 
8.75 

0.38 
5.76 
4.68 
5.56 
5.53 

8.16 
5.57 
5.24 
5.05 
5.85 

6.06 


4.84 
4.99 
5.10 
4.72 
4.92 

5.00 
5.01 
5.69 
4.67 
4.93 

4.97 
4.98 
5.23 
5.24 

4.88 

4.92 
4.67 
5.01 
4.73 

4.89 

6.25 
4.90 
5.15 
4.96 
4.52 

5.41 
4.57 
5.06 
4.65 

4.88 

4.57 
4.76 
4.76 
5.19 
4.68 

4.66 
5.22 
4.92 
5.07 

5.17 

4.95 
4.91 
4.83 
4.93 
4.63 

4.73 
4.50 
4.76 
4.60 
4.83 

4.57 
5.96 
4.91 
4.59 
5.28 
5.21 

4.56 

1 4.78 
4.65 
4.84 
6.82 
4.93 


4.96 
5.19 
5.13 
4.92 
5.38 

4.99 
5.08 
5.38 
4.90 
4.99 

5.01 
4.77 
5.24 
5.09 
5.00 

5.02 
4.81 
5.46 
5.04 
5.08 

5.44 
4.95 
5.74 
5.97 
4.52 

5.99 
4.80 
5.34 
4.% 
5.50 

4.69 
4.89 
4.92 
5.22 
4.61 

4.78 
5.20 
5.09 
5.14 
5.04 

4.86 
4.80 
4.23 
5.15 

4.77 

4.94 
4.70 
4.88 
4.75 
5.47 

4.66 




6,969 
5,811 
6,881 
5,309 
7,370 

3,411 
8,008 
7,387 
8,010 
6,067 

7,168 
6,542 
8,164 
7,708 
6,804 

5,718 

5,820 
6,952 
6,686 
6,133 

5,804 
5,631 
3,140 
6,582 
5,595 

5,857 
5,911 
6,720 
6,074 
4,052 

3,746 
0,530 
0,003 
5,893 
6,047 

0,070 
5,817 
4,530 
3,980 
5,867 

5,515 
6,173 

5,487 
5,653 
3,444 

4,477 
5,253 
3,834 
5,498 
5,059 

4,142 
4,208 
5,536 
5,328 
4,826 
5,043 

4,782 
4,980 
4,943 
4,036 
5,070 
4,603 


7,057 
9,002 
9,910 
8,550 
9,492 

9,413 

9,039 
7,958 
8,566 
9,023 

8,027 
S.949 
8,330 
8,175 
7,207 

6,032 
7,683 
7,337 
7,201 
7,801 

8,230 
6,417 
6,725 
7,293 
7,759 

7,335 
7,100 
7,537 
6,572 
4,841 

6,086 
6,729 
7,108 
0,073 
6,480 

7,018 
6,770 
7,010 
6,259 
5,998 

6,180 
0,598 
0,135 
5,853 
5,824 

6,210 
5,525 
5,852 
0,064 
5,214 

5,940 
6,210 
5,758 
5,836 
5,079 
5,440 

5,243 
5,496 
5,518 
5,470 
5,391 
5,082 


6.43 

7.68 
6.42 
8.31 
5.97 

12.80 
5.39 
5.80 
5.12 
6.71 

5.67 
6.14 
4.82 
4.97 
5.59 

6.61 
6.49 
5.43 
5.03 
6.09 

6.28 
6.39 
11.35 
5.38 
6.26 

5.95 
5.84 
4.96 
5.47 
8.17 

8.55 
4.90 
4.79 
5.34 
5.14 

4.65 
5.31 
6.80 
7.65 
5.17 

5.50 
4.90 
5.30 
5.14 
8.32 

6.23 
5.30 
7.21 
5.02 
5.45 

6.62 
6.49 
4.90 
5.04 
5.47 
5.19 

5.47 
5.20 
5.23 
6.31 
4.98 
5.45 


5.53 
8.50 
6.62 
9.09 
5.83 

11.50 
5.51 


5.86 
4.93 
4.46 
5.16 
4.64 

4.64 
4.78 
5.38 
4.79 
4.51 

5.06 
4.49 
4.73 
4.69 
5.28 

6.27 
4.92 
5.14 
5.23 
4.79 

4.43 
5.61 
5.30 
4.85 
4.51 

4.75 
4.86 
4.42 
5.05 
6.84 

5.26 
4.76 
4.49 

4.72 
4.80 

4.42 
4.56 
4.39 
4.87 
5.06 

4.90 
4.58 
4.74 
4.97 
4.92 

4.49 
5.04 
4.72 
4.55 
5.29 

4.61 
4.40 
4.71 
4.60 
5.20 
4.81 

4.99 
4.71 
4.69 
4.65 
4.68 
4.94 


4.94 
5.23 
4.52 
5.15 
4.85 

4.02 
4.59 


Chicago, 111 




Philadelphia, Pa 




Brooklyn, N. Y 

St. Louis, Mo 


Manchester, N. H 


Boston, Mass '. 


Hoboken, N. J 


Baltimore, Md 




San Francisco, Cal 


Seattle, Wash 


Cincinnati, Ohio 




5.34 
5.33 

5.66 
6.07 
5.16 


4.98 
4.37 

5.24 
4.60 
4.78 


Cleveland, Ohio 




Buffalo, N. Y 




New Orleans, La 




Pittsburg, Pa 




Washington, I). C 




Detroit, Mich 








Milwaukee, Wis 








Newark, N. J 

Minneapolis, Minn 


Elizabeth, N. J 


6.55 
5.61 
5.66 
6.20 

6.56 


5.29 
5.28 
5.32 
4.89 


Jersey city, N. J 




Louisville, Kv 




Omaha, Neb 




Rochester, N. Y 




' 


St. Paul, Minn 




10.52 
5.52 




Kansas city, Mo 






Providence, K. I 










6.70 
5.99 
5.56 


4.31 


Indianapolis, Ind 




Allegheny, Pa 






Albany, N. Y 


Youngstown, Ohio 




Columbus, Ohio 






Syracuse, N. Y 












5.02 
5.48 
5.78 
5.52 




Toledo, Ohio 




4.78 






New Haven, Conn 

Paterson, N. J 


Mobile, Ala 


4.75 






5.39 
6.50 


4.04 
4.47 






Scran ton, Pa 




Fall Biver, Mass 




Cambridge, Mass 




5.74 
5.68 


5.20 












5.27 




Dayton, Ohio 






Troy, N. Y 




5.85 
6.38 






































Lincoln, Neb 


Brockton, Mass 








7.63 
7.32 
6.17 
5.53 


4.38 
4.60 
5.76 
5.05 









5.03 
5.07 


























5.37 
7.40 
5.39 


5.14 
4.64 
4.92 


Little Rock, Ark 








5.65 
6.51 





































With but few exceptions, these cities show a decrease in the average size of family since 1880, the exceptions 
being mainly in the south and west, as already noted regarding these two sections generally. In New York city 
the average size of family has decreased from 4.96 in 1880 to 4.84 in 1S90, while tbe average persons to a dwelling 
has increased from 16.37 in 1880 to 18.52 in 1890. For Brooklyn there has been a decrease in size of family from 
4.92 to 4.72, but an increase in persons to a dwelling from 9.11 to 9.80. Similar results are also shown by the table 
for Jersey city, Newark, and Paterson. Trenton and Elizabeth show a large decrease in the average size of family, 
but also show decreases in the average number of persons to a dwelling. Long Island city in 1890 has, on the 
average, 4.87 persons to a family and 7.65 persons to a dwelling. 

The average size of family for Chicago has decreased from 5.19 to 4.99, and the average persons to a dwelling- 
has increased from 8.24 to 8.60. Philadelphia shows a slight decrease in persons to a family and to a dwelling 
both. Equally interesting points concerning the other large cities are shown by the table and need not be mentioned 
here in detail. 



POPULATION. 



The next table presented gives for each state and territory the number of dwellings, classified according to 
persons to a dwelling, in detail, as follows : 

PERSONS TO A DWELLING, IN DETAIL. 



STATES AND TERRITORIES. 


1 
person. 


2 
persons. 


3 

persons. 


4 
persons. 


5 
persons. 


6 
persons. 


7 
persons. 


8 
persons. 


9 
persons. 


10 
persons. 


11 to 15 

persons. 


16 to 
20 per- 
sons. 


21 per- 
sons 
and 

over. 


The United States.... 


370,067 


1,276,736 


1,711,898 


1,822,092 


1,712,525 


1,375,953 


1,050,289 


762,568 


511,069 


385,149 


354,832 


71,582 


72,558 


North Atlantic division 


71,997 


312,778 


458,510 


477,258 


432,942 


337,780 


249,985 


175,762 


118,176 


87,393 


125,504 


36,472 


47,788 




4,301 
3,145 
2,186 
8,674 
1,328 
3,969 

22,840 
5,248 

20,306 

51,364 


19,169 
12,763 
10,335 
37,559 
5,211 
15,762 

107,033 
26,591 

108,355 

166,833 


24,737 

14,716 
12,891 
48,291 
0,393 
19,378 

137,729 
36,793 

157,582 

223,395 


24,446 
13,264 
12,685 
51,383 
6,722 
20,133 

140,440 
39,234 

168,951 

238,170 


20,135 
10,520 
10,474 

48,320 
6,449 

18,204 
124,525 

36,891 
157,424 

236,164 


14,842 
7,246 
7,071 
39,097 
5,571 
14,406 
94,618 
28,928 
125,401 

200,911 


9,850 
4,840 
5,152 
30,785 
4,002 
11,086 
69,125 
21,878 
92,667 

166,054 


6,418 
3,130 
3,274 
22,653 
3,785 
7,948 
48,423 
15,093 
65,038 

127,770 


4,111 
2,018 
1,987 
16,613 
2,862 
5,573 
33,091 
10,240 
41,681 

89,290 


2,931 
1,463 
1,329 

13,270 
2,281 
4,245 

25,174 
7,808 

28,892 

70,393 


3,115 
2,229 
1,107 
25,077 
4,775 
7,044 
42,948 
11,853 
27,026 

50,146 


603 
678 
255 
7,592 
1,424 
1,835 
16,565 
3,517 
3,943 

4,097 


507 




653 




171 




5,966 




817 




1,196 




33,082 




3,268 




2,098 


South Atlantic division 


1,785 




7S5 
3,551 
759 
8,418 
2,080 
10,359 
8,821 
11,512 
5,079 

130,596 


3,912 
15,871 

3,202 
25,918 
11,751 
31,348 
25,149 
39,492 
10,190 

484,266 


5,701 
23,991 

4,848 
37,396 
18,219 
41,850 
30,829 
48,495 
12,066 

009,220 


5,879 
27,766 

5,693 
41,747 
20,792 
44,200 
31,126 
49,345 
11,622 

723,592 


5,654 
28,497 

5,995 
42,478 
20,708 
43,289 
30,554 
48,125 
10,864 

667,002 


4,190 
24,553 

5,142 
37,465 
18',101 
37,266 
25,046 
40,605 

8,543 

526,535 


3,073 
20,152 

4,189 
31,019 
14,880 
31,110 
21,051 
33,685 

6,895 

386, 700 


1,995 
14,994 

3,081 
24,724 
11,425 
23,751 
16,514 
26,243 

5,043 

266,911 


1,208 
10,164 

2,015 
17,425 

7,906 
16,601 
11,766 
18,684 

3,491 

169,576 


859 
7,285 
1.6S9 

14,583 
5,530 

12,558 
9,384 

15,447 
3,05S 

115,906 


539 
6,404 
1,767 

10,072 
4,536 
8,674 
6,283 

10,128 
1,743 

108,656 


58 
578 
249 
1,029 
314 
411 
464 
816 
178 

21,158 


29 




398 


District of Columbia... 


139 
380 




136 
154 




208 




297 




41 


North Central division 


16,762 




18,144 
10,060 
15,138 
13,277 
9,099 
9,036 
10,151 
10,769 
4.252 
6,759 
10,364 
13,547 

55,661 


88,350 
55,575 
68,783 
58,843 
34,634 
21,011 
43,939 
46,589 
4,257 
8,080 
20,215 
33,990 

203,005 


121,955 
79,616 
96,442 
78,773 
45,325 
28,577 
60,276 
68,555 
5,212 
10,120 
28,248 
46,091 

273,430 


127,852 
84,232 

106,907 
80,191 
50,301 
33,586 
65,024 
77,227 
5,480 
10,792 
31,772 
50,168 

294,503 


112,480 
73,025 
102,140 
67,822 
. 48,752 
34,192 
60,631 
74,813 
5,271 
9,733 
32,017 
46,096 

294,368 


85,926 
55,175 
82,687 
49,408 
40.0S8 
29,317 
47,877 
63,015 
4,336 
7,793 
24,675 
36,238 

249,862 


60,436 
38,067 
62,518 
32,887 
30,928 
23,664 
35,033 
49,107 
3,319 
5,819 
18,810 
26,118 

208,350 


40,510 
24,914 
44,146 
21,567 
21,768 
17,891 
23,622 
35,364 
2,314 
3,969 
13,397 
17,449 

160,019 


25,276 
14,519 
28,904 
12,917 
14,324 
12,135 
14,792 
23,313 
1,527 
2,508 
8,745 
10,616 

112,402 


16,169 
8.S78 

20,186 
8,419 
9,519 
9,012 
9,831 

16,463 
1,117 
1,802 
7,697 
6,650 

90,315 


16,780 
6,307 

27,062 
7,756 
9,041 
8,980 
7,082 

15,313 
646 
1,233 
3,915 
4,541 

57,889 


3,392 

581 
8,283 
1,402 
1,303 
1,195 

591 

2,831 

95 

143 
1,005 

337 

5,428 


3,144 




404 




6,016 




1,078 
891 




1,082 
460 




1,931 




92 




143 




010 




245 


South Central division 


2,047 




5,537 
6,068 
9,215 
7,543 
7,615 
12,046 
2,534 
5,103 

60,449 


30,707 
31,550 
31,810 
24,841 
22,650 
37,985 
2,072 
21,390 

79,854 


46,693 
45,237 
39,446 
31,836 
27,304 
51,445 
2,246 
29,223 

S7.343 


52,192 
49,258 
40,190 
33,070 
28,437 
58,115 
2,197 
31,014 

88,569 


51,469 
48,355 
10,171 
33,187 
28,603 
59,278 
1,835 
31,410 

81,449 


43,648 
41,449 
33,183 
28,053 
23,949 
51,694 
1,395 
26,491 

60,865 


35,559 
34,470 
28,000 
23,928 
20,119 
43,172 
1,100 
21,936 

45,194 


26,860 
26,026 
21,977 
18,919 
15,888 
33,207 
678 
16,464 

32,106 


18,332 
17,742 
15,700 
13,985 
11,685 
23,136 
414 
11,408 

21,625 


13,380 
12,057 
13,471 
12,618 
10,519 
18,482 
290 
S.89S 

21,142 


10,017 
9,213 
7,580 
6,945 
6,531 

12,120 

156 

5,327 

12,637 


1,081 
715 
605 
611 
730 

1,238 
23 
389 

4,427 


512 




390 




188 




87 




251 


Texas 


504 




2 
107 




4,170 








3,953 
1,501 
6,919 
2,757 
2,198 
1,733 
1,857 
2,562 
8,194 
6,343 
22,432 


4,114 
1,481 

10,998 
5,522 
2,124 
4,237 
1,589 
2,440 
8,960 
7,068 

31,321 


3,939 

1,564 
12,411 
6,176 
1,849 
4,072 
1,313 
2,482 
9,066 
8,500 
34,771 


3,675 
1,568 

12,665 
5,649 
1,743 
5,021 
1,269 
2,312 
9,943 
9,395 

35,329 


3,285 

1,704 
11,353 

4,979 
1,562 
5,167 
1,171 
2,198 
9,120 
8,883 
31,967 


2,287 
1,102 
8,167 
3,455 
1,143 
4,315 
847 
1,694 
6,870 
6.722 
24,263 


1,627 

802 

5,883 

2,370 

880 

3,730 

603 

1,344 

5,035 

5,070 

17,850 


1,166 

602 

4,015 

1,586 

619 

2,918 

429 

994 

3,583 

3,551 

12,613 


817 

419 

2,693 

937 

479 

2,158 

293 

658 

2,486 

2,359 

8,296 


980 

671 

2,984 

800 

470 

1,804 

384 

632 

2,268 

1,908 

8,241 


510 

210 

1,630 

323 

171 

1,207 

155 

323 

1,380 

1,395 

5,333 


279 
103 
753 
07 
61 
190 
88 
151 
627 
359 
1,719 


272 




93 




020 




50 




39 




133 




68 




62 




701 




372 




1,760 







DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES IN 1890. 

PERSONS TO A DWELLING, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS. 



GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS. 


1 person. 


2 persons. 


3 persons. 


4 persons. 


5 persons. 


6 persons. 


7 persons. 


8 persons. 


9 persons. 


10 
persons. 


11 persons 
and over. 




370,067 


1,276,736 


1,711,898 


1,822,092 


1,712,525 


1,375,953 


1,056,289 


762,568 


511 ,069 


385,149 


498,972 






71,997 
51,364 
130,596 
55,661 
60,449 


342,778 
166,833 
484,266 
203,005 
79,854 


458,510 
223,395 
669,220 
273,430 
87,343 


477,258 
238,170 
723,592 
294,503 
88,569 


432,942 
236,164 
667,602 
294,368 
81,449 


337,780 
200,911 
526,535 
249,862 
60,865 


249,985 
166,054 
386,706 
208,350 
45,194 


175,762 
127,770 
266,911 
160,019 
32,106 


118,176 
89,290 
169,576 
112,402 
21,625 


87,393 
70,393 
115,906 
90,315 
21,142 


209,764 
56,028 

146,576 
65,364 
21,240 













The main features of this table are summarized, by geographical divisions, as follows : 



GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS. 


PERSONS TO A DWELLING. 


1 person. 


2 to 6 persons. 


7 to 10 persons. 


11 persons and over. 


Per cent 

of 

dwellings. 


Per cent 

of 
popula- 
tion. 


Per cent 

of 

dwellings. 


Per cent 

of 
popula- 
tion. 


Per cent 

of 

dwellings. 


Per cent 

of 
popula- 
tion. 


Per cent 

of 

dwellings. 


Per cent 

of 
popula- 
tion. 




3.22 


0.59 


68.79 


50.78 


23.64 


35.04 


4.35 


13.59 




2.43 
3.16 
3.05 
2.77 
10.08 


0.41 
0.58 
0.58 
0.51 
2.00 


69.18 
65.51 
71.63 
65.52 
66.37 


46.91 
49.03 
55.31 
4S.99 
51.14 


21.31 
27.89 
21.90 
28.45 
20.01 


29.27 
41.68 
33.66 
42.40 
32.34 


7.08 
3.44 
3.42 
3.26 
3.54 


23.41 
8.71 

10.45 
8.10 

14.52 













The above summary shows for each number of persons, as classified, the per cent of the total number of dwellings, 
and the per cent which the population represented by each classified number is of the total population of the United 
States, and of each geographical division, respectively. Briefly analyzed, this table shows that the number of 
dwellings having 1 person only represents 3.22 per cent of the whole number of dwellings in the United States, 
while the population of such dwellings is but 0.59 per cent of the total population. The same general results are 
noticed for each geographical division, except the Western, where 10.08 per cent of the dwellings have but 1 person, 
and represent 2.00 per cent of the total population of that division. Dwellings containing from 2 to 6 persons, for 
the United States, represent over two-thirds of all the dwellings and about one-half of the whole population. 
About 4.33 per cent of dwellings contain more than 10 persons and represent 13.59 per cent of the total population. 



10 



The following 
or more : 



POPULATION, 
table gives the number of persons to a dwelling, in detail, for each city having 25,000 inhabitants 
PERSONS TO A DWELLING, IN DETAIL. 



New York. N. 
Chicago. III... 
Philadelphia, 
Brooklyn. N. 
St. Louis, Mo.. 



Buffalo, N.Y 

New Orleans, La 

Pittsburg, Pa 

Washington, D. C... 
Detroit, Mich 

Milwaukee, Wis 

Newark, N. J 

Minneapolis, Minn. 
Jersey city, N. J .... 
Louisville, Ky 

Omaha, Neb 

Rochester, N. Y 

St. Paul, Minn 

Kansas city, Mo 

Providence, R. I — 

Denver, Colo 

Indianapolis, Ind ... 

Allegheny, Pa 

Albany, N. Y... 

Columbus, Ohio 

Syracuse. N. Y 

Worcester, Mass .... 

Toledo, Ohio 

Richmond, Va 

New Haven, Conn.. 

Paterson, N. J 

Lowell, Mass 

Nashville, Tenn .... 
Scran ton, I : 
Fall River, 



Mn- 



Cambridge, Mass- 
Atlanta, Ga 

Memphis, Tenn ... 
Wilmington, Del . 
Dayton, Ohio 



Troy, N. Y... 
Grand Rapid 
Reading, Pa. 
Camden, N. . 
Trenton, N. . 



Lynn, Mass 

Lincoln, Neb 

Charleston, S. C. 
Hartford, Conn .. 
St. Joseph, Mo... 



Ev 



ille. Ind. 



i Angeles, Cal.. 
Des Moines, Iowa 
Bridgeport, Conn 
Oakland, Cal 

Portland, Ore 

Saginaw, Mich 

Salt Lake, I'tah... 
Lawrence, Mass... 
Springfield, Mass. 

Manchester, N. H 

Utica, N. Y 

Hoboken, N. J .... 

Savannah. Ga 

Seattle, Wash 



Kansas city, Kan.. 

Dallas, Tex 

Sioux citv, Iowa ... 

Elizabeth, N. J 

Wilkesbarre, Pa.... 

San Antonio, Tex . 

Covington, Ky 

Portland, Me 

Tacoma,*Wash 

Holyoke, Mass 



person, persons. 



persons, persons. 



2,415 
0,653 
17,175 
3,060 
4,029 

2,699 
5,113 
4,967 I 
1,701 
3,674 



2,633 
1,133 
1,794 
876 
1,915 

1,372 
2,276 
1,484 
2,413 
1,154 

1,963 



1,225 
1,526 
1,287 
1,532 



1,239 
1,344 
1,614 
1,412 



111,1158 
27,219 
5,012 
5,392 



5,549 

4,033 
5,789 
4,082 
4,848 
5,152 

3,690 
1,904 
2,540 
1,511 I 
2,716 

2,169 
3,513 
2,358 
3,360 
1,532 

2,632 
3,741 
1,676 
1,166 
2,591 



2,570 
1,262 
1,043 



1,412 

1,931 

1,552 

400 

1,135 
1,496 
1,795 
1,909 
2,142 

642 
1 ,829 
2,020 
2,372 
2,034 



4,630 
13,333 
31,194 

7,161 



595 


667 


931 


1,118 


152 


219 


1,231 


1.211 


1,031 


1,009 



6,141 

4,502 
2,553 
3,378 
2,007 
3,365 

2,672 
4,014 
2,852 
3,631 
1,830 



547 

1,402 
1,602 
1,714 
2,058 
2,211 

785 



947 


1,183 


1,002 


1,307 


910 


1,012 


519 


703 


1,396 


1,580 


1,271 


1,475 


1,860 


1,777 


1,517 


1,746 


943 


1,081 




5,639 
14,697 
30,480 

8,611 



11,330 
6,841 
3,811 



5,327 
6,319 
5,533 
5,995 
5,980 

4,789 
3,042 
3,604 
2,323 
3,483 

3,390 
3,794 
3,041 
3,373 
2,014 

2.758 



10,015 
5,463 
3,544 
5,877 

4,557 
5,057 
4,925 
5,142 
4,788 

4,296 
2,705 
3,187 



1,068 
1,482 
2,093 I 
1,781 
569 

1,488 
1,577 I 
1,666 
2,054 
2,088 



1,032 
1,149 
1.573 
1,612 
547 

1,294 
1,362 
1,224 
1,436 
1,526 



870 


820 


1,846 


1,406 


1,871 


1,487 


2,059 


1,469 


1,877 


1,416 


1,206 


1,078 


1,868 


895 


1,131 


865 


766 


714 


1,567 


1,055 


1,605 


1,143 


1,509 


1,060 


1,623 


1,235 


1,103 


912 


1,495 


1,134 


830 


690 


1,477 


1,083 


1,120 


805 


689 


628 


983 


818 


631 


475 


1,056 


1,019 


262 


269 


1,188 


953 


991 


703 


1,279 


938 


803 


706 


1,152 


955 


1,010 


891 


1,342 


920 


1,265 


921 


1,018 


750 


978 


761 


858 


770 


1,081 


916 


874 


803 


915 


852 


825 


712 


803 


573 


326 


300 



4,697 
10,091 
12,980 
6,912 
5,216 

4,134 
6,367 
3,193 
2,605 
3,291 

2,897 
3,078 
3,226 
3,081 
2,597 

2,702 
1,906 
2,010 
1,464 
2,028 

1,474 

1,565 
1,670 
1,513 
1,539 

1,096 
1,061 
1,445 
1,133 



758 | 



7,982 
8,363 
5,475 
4,167 

3,498 
4,394 
2,174 
2,043 
2,329 

2,228 
2,195 
2,344 
2,045 
1,637 

1,915 
1,583 
1,456 
1,136 
1,516 

1,126 
1,155 
1,179 
1,071 
1,252 



10 11 to 15 

persons, persons. 



4,172 
7,159 
6,141 
4,605 
3,480 



1,827 
1,806 
1,810 



1,376 
1,259 
1,040 



1,926 
4,189 
2,156 

3,237 
1,753 
2,442 



2,212 
2.962 
1,914 
2.011 



1,423 
944 

2,267 



16 to 20 
persons. 



6,789 
7,509 
1,135 
5,465 
1.9S7 



460 


325 


289 ] 


425 


271 


211 


590 


471 


1,175 


453 


284 


319 


414 


257 


249 


334 


220 


147 


345 


230 


210 


510 


408 


697 


412 


888 


155 


511 


452 


639 


432 


348 


883 1 


408 


436 


231 


440 


320 


211 


297 


232 


191 


325 


219 


198 


447 


332 


630 


323 


224 


177 


313 


300 


377 


310 


198 


158 


428 


488 


285 


360 


263 


676 


336 


253 


485 


247 


231 


542 


382 


300 


365 


216 


220 


514 


353 


286 


287 


308 


320 


245 


310 


199 


180 


332 


289 


570 


334 


234 


289 


364 


273 


430 


259 


131 


141 


263 


220 


123 


257 


269 


246 


292 


344 


176 


350 


310 


470 


349 


251 


204 


344 


293 


210 


410 


264 


343 


312 


213 


432 


248 


226 


221 


171 


114 


360 



DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES IN 1890. 

PERSONS TO A DWELLING, IN DETAIL— Continued. 



II 



11 to 15 


16 to 20 


persons. 


persons. 


226 


35 


359 


78 


352 


41 


288 


36 


192 


39 


212 


24 


236 


125 


526 


206 


113 


7 


121 


9 


167 


32 


146 


18 


88 


11 


168 


14 


403 


101 


390 


179 


147 


21 


191 


33 


119 


25 


184 


45 


132 


32 


500 


189 


375 


49 


113 


25 


451 


137 


99 


10 


116 


67 


411 


114 


•104 


57 


89 


7 


109 


23 


78 


56 


130 


16 


169 


45 


138 


33 


117 


8 


304 


60 


93 


13 


140 


30 



Fort Wayne, Ind 

Binghamton, N. Y .. 

Norfolk, Va 

Wheeling-, W. Va... 
Augusta, Ga 

Youngstown, Ohio.. 

Duhith, Minn 

Yonkers, N. Y , 

Lancaster, Pa 

Springfield, Ohio.... 

Quincv, 111 

Mobile, Ala 

Topeka, Kan 

Elmira, N. Y 

Salem, Mass 

Long Island city, N 

Altoona, Pa 

Dubuque, Iowa 

Terre Haute, Ind 

Chattanooga, Tenn.. 

Galveston, Tex...„... 
Waterbury, Conn ... 

Chelsea, Mass 

Bay city, Mich 

Pawtucket, R. I 

Akron, Ohio 

Houston, Tex 

Haverhill, Mass 

Brockton, Mass 

Williamsport, Pa.... 

Davenport, Iowa 

Sacramento, Cal 

Canton, Ohio 

Birmingham, Ala ... 
Little Rock, Ark 

Auburn, N. Y 

Taunton, Mass 

Allentown, Pa 

Lacrosse, Wis 



The results for the first 28 cities, that is, those having a population of 100,000 and over, may be further 
analyzed, as follows : 



New York, N. Y 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa... 

Brooklyn, N. Y 

St. Louis, Mo 

Boston, Mass 

Baltimore, Md 

San Francisco, Cal 
Cincinnati, Ohio... 
Cleveland, Ohio.... 

Buffalo, N. Y 

New Orleans, La... 

Pittsburg, Pa 

Washington, D. C. 
Detroit, Mich 

Milwaukee, Wis ... 

Newark, N. J 

Minneapolis, Minn 
Jersey city, N. J ... 
Louisville, Ky 

Omaha, Neb 

Rochester, N. Y 

St. Paul, Minn 

Kansas city, Mo ... 

Providence, R. I ... 

Denver, Colo 

Indianapolis, Ind.. 
Allegheny, Pa 



PERSONS TO A 1 'WFI.t.I N< J. 



1.29 
1.00 
1.15 
0.97 
2.46 

1.19 
1.09 
3.65 
1.32 
1.29 



1.50 
0.91 
4.07 
1.02 



1.29 
1.52 
3.69 
3.43 



popula- 
tion. 



0.07 
0.12 
0.20 
0.10 
0.33 

0.14 
0.18 
0.58 
0.15 
0.21 

0.18 
0.56 
0.20 
0.33 
0.23 

0.25 
0.12 
0.63 
0.12 
0.28 

0.19 
0.27 
0.58 
0.60 

0.23 

0.48 
0.43 
0.10 



26.45 
45.54 
69.94 



44.18 
62.22 
64.43 
45.75 
65.38 

57.31 
65.81 
59.41 
64.13 
69.44 

60.54 
48.67 
57.37 
47.50 
58.04 

59.16 



4S.32 
68.31 
77.54 
59.23 



6.27 
22.85 
51.75 
17.83 
28.54 

22.35 
44.31 
41.18 
22.23 
46.02 

35.42 

47.08 
40.02 
45.38 
51.44 

41.12 
27.29 
37.55 
23.03 
38.44 

36.27 
51.27 
39.62 
46.79 

27.43 
46.28 
61.16 
40.12 



7 to 10 persons. 



22.44 
28.92 
24.52 
30.08 
31.31 

30.40 
30.80 
24.88 
28.03 
26.80 



24.19 

29.16 
30.90 
28.00 
28.71 
29.58 

31.32 
24.15 
27.94 
23.89 

31.38 

22.74 
17.71 
31.30 



10.16 
27.85 
35.26 
25.42 
34.87 

29.71 
41.37 
32.07 
26.10 
36.35 

34.38 
37.42 
39.72 
38.74 
34.86 



37.95 
34.86 
35.73 
34.01 

34.58 
31.53 
28.34 
40.15 



11 persons and over. 



24.54 
4.39 
29.65 
16.46 



popular 



24.23 
5.89 
7.04 

24.90 
6.53 

12.70 
5.22 
8.46 



8.74 
19.49 
10.50 

22.77 



8.23 
4.67 
9.17 
6.09 



47.80 
14.14 
26.17 
51.52 
17.42 

30.02 
14.94 
20.06 
15.55 
13.47 

20.59 
40.01 
26.86 
49.41 
23.74 

25.59 
13.60 
24.07 
18.60 



21.71 
10.07 
19.57 



12 



POPULATION. 



These two tables present some very interesting results. In New York city there were in June, 1890, out of a 
total of 81,828 occupied dwellings, 41,059, or 50.18 per cent, which contained from 1 to 10 persons, and 40,769, or 
49.82 per cent, which contained more than 10 persons. The population represented by dwellings in New York city 
having 10 persons or less is 250,002, or 16.50 per cent only, while the population represented by dwellings having 
more than 10 occupants is 1,265,299, or 83.50 per cent of its entire population. As already stated, for the United 
States as a whole, only 4.35 per cent of the dwellings contain more than 10 persons, and their occupants represent 
but 13.59 per cent of the total population. In Chicago there are 96,493 dwellings, or 75.46 per cent of the whole, 
which contain from 1 to 10 persons, and 31,378, or 24.54 per cent, which contain more than 10 persons. The total 
population of Chicago is about evenly divided between the two classes of dwellings, 558,927, or 50.82 per cent, being 
in dwellings having from 1 to 10 occupants, and 540,923, or 49.18 per cent, in dwellings containing more than 10 
persons. In Philadelphia, the third city having a million inhabitants, a widely different condition of affairs is 
apparent. Out of a total of 187,052 dwellings, which is more than twice the number of dwellings in New York 
city and about one-half again as many as in Chicago, 178,839, or 95.61 per cent, contain 10 persons or less, and 
8,213, or 4.39 per cent only, more than 10 persons. Considered as regards population, dwellings in Philadelphia 
with 10 persons or lees contain 87.21 per cent of its total population, or 913,076 out of a total of 1,040,964, 
leaving only 12.79 per cent of population, or 133,888 in number, for dwellings having more than 10 occupants. In 
Brooklyn 56.65 per cent of the population live in dwellings having more than 10 occupants ; in St. Louis 36.26 
per cent; in Boston 47.80 per cent; in Baltimore 14.14 per cent; in Cincinnati 51.52 per cent; in Buffalo 30.02 per 
cent; in Newark 40.01 per cent; in Jersey city 49.41 per cent, and in Providence 37.76 per cent. 

Taking the 12 cities just named and analyzing further the figures concerning persons in dwellings having more 
than 10 occupants, the following table is obtained, which shows the number and per cent of dwellings having from 
1 to 10 persons, from 11 to 15 persons, from 16 to 20 persons, and 21 persons and over, together with the population, 
bj number and per cent, contained in such dwellings: 



New York 

Chicago 

Philadelphia . 

Brooklyn 

St. Louis 

Boston 

Baltimore 

Cincinnati 

Buffalo 

Newark 

Jersey city .... 
Providence.... 



Total 

dwellings. 



81,828 
127,871 
187,0152 
82,282 
60,937 
52,669 
72,112 
33,487 
37,290 
23,296 
18,562 
17,639 



PER CENT. 



New York.... 

Chicago 

Philadelphia 

Brooklyn 

St. Louis 

Boston 

Baltimore .... 
Cincinnati.... 

Buffalo 

Newark 

Jersey city... 
Providence . 



DWELLINGS " 



1 to 10 
persons. 



11 to 15 
persons. 



50.18 
75.46 
95.61 
70.35 
83.54 
75.77 
94.11 
75.10 
87.30 
80.51 
77.23 
81.41 



10,384 
17,760 
6,403 
12,055 
6,668 
8,082 
3,603 
4,189 
3,237 
2,962 
2,011 
2,267 



12.69 
13.89 

3.42 
14.65 
10.94 
15.35 

5.00 
12.51 

8.68 
12.71 
10.83 
12.85 



16 to 20 i 21 persons 
persons. and over. 



6,789 
7,509 
1,135 
5,465 



0,880 
1,375 



5.87 
0.61 
0.64 
3.26 
5.35 
0.53 
5.90 
2.40 
4.12 
5.09 
3.81 



28.83 
4.78 
0.36 
8.30 
2.26 
3.53 
0.36 
6.49 
1.62 
2.66 
6.85 



Total 
popula- 
tion. 



1,515,301 
1,099,850 
1,046,961 
806,343 
451,770 
448,477 
434,439 
296,908 
255,664 
181,830 
163,003 
132,146 



POPULATION OP DWELLINGS WITH- 



ltolO 

persons. 



250,002 
558,927 
913,076 
349,532 
287,983 
234.123 
373,031 
143,947 
178,919 
109,085 
82,467 
82,255 



16.50 
50.82 
87.21 
43.35 
63.74 
52.20 
85.87 
48.48 



50.59 
62.24 



11 to 15 

persons. 



133,018 

225,123 
78,228 

152,631 
82,976 

102,332 
43,585 
52,832 
40,339 
37,248 
25,428 
28,243 



20.47 
7.47 
18.93 
18.37 
22.82 
10.03 
17.80 
15.78 
20.49 
15.60 
21.37 



16 to 20 21 persons 
persons. 



121,495 
132,925 
20,000 
96,930 
34,999 
49,540 
6,727 
&5.043 
15,729 
16,857 
16,757 
11,756 



8.02 
12.08 

1.91 
12.02 

7.75 
11.05 

1.55 
11.80 

6.15 

9.27 
10.28 

8.90 



1,010,786 
182,875 
35,660 
207,250 
45,812 
62,482 
11,096 
65,086 
20,677 
18,640 
38,351 



66.70 
16.63 

3.41 
25.70 
10.14 
13.93 

2.55 
21.92 

8.09 
10.25 
23.53 

7.49 



From this table it is seen that in New York city 23,596 dwellings, or 28.83 per cent of all the dwellings, 
have more than 20 persons to each dwelling, and contain in the aggregate 1,010,786 persons, or 66.70 per cent of its 
total population. Of this number of dwellings it has been found by a special tally for New York city that S,313 
contain from 21 to 30 persons, 9,350 from 31 to 50 persons, 5,460 from 51 to 100 persons, and 473 over 100 persons. 
In Brooklyn 25.70 per cent, in Jersey city 23.53 per cent, and in Cincinnati 21.92 per cent of their total population 
live in dwellings containing more than 20 persons. The per cent of population in Chicago living in dwellings with 
more than 20 persons to a dwelling is 16.63, in St. Louis 10.14 per cent, in Boston 13.93 per cent, in Buffalo 8.09 
per cent, in Newark 10.25 per cent, and in Providence 7.49 per cent. In Philadelphia only 3.41 per cent and in 
Baltimore but 2.55 per cent of the population are contained in dwellings with more than 20 persons. 



DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES IN 1890. 



Considering families by number of persons to a family, in detail, we have results, by states and territories, as 
follows : 

PERSONS TO A FAMILY, IN DETAIL. 



STATES AND TERRITORIF-S. 



11 to 15 

persons. 



IS to 
20 per- 
sons. 



The United States.. 
North Atlantic division.. 

Maine 

New Hampshire 

"Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania ."..... 

South Atlantic division .. 

Delaware 

Maryland 

District of Columbia 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

North Central division... 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

South Central division... 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Louisiana 

Texas 

Oklahoma 

Arkansas 

Western division 

Montana 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Idaho 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 



5,759 
4,529 
2,918 

17,884 
2,977 
0,712 

45,082 
8,469 

26,201 

58,283 



857 
5,403 
1,278 
9,094 
2,372 

10,976 
9,584 

12,796 
5,323 

157,812 



24,917 
12,264 
20,260 
15,536 
10,894 
11,321 
11,507 
14,594 
4,411 
7,044 
10,878 
14,186 



7,419 
7,098 
9,811 
8,080 
8,910 
12,775 
2,555 
5,373 

62,956 



566,410 



095,1X8 



668,511 



. r .03, 972 



403,301 



105,717 



71,(194 



25,500 
16,896 
13,093 
78,149 
12,549 
28,346 

213,344 
44,411 

134,140 

193,113 



30,995 
18,405 
15,359 
91,857 
14,337 
32,263 

252,090 
57,077 

182,799 

247,745 



4,293 
23,662 

5,529 
30,641 
13,396 
33,673 
27,321 
43,783 
10,815 

595,210 



6,018 
31,313 

6,989 
41,971 
19,898 
44,067 
32,819 
52,092 
12,578 

7S0.637 



113,190 
63,299 
98,252 
68,618 
42,581 
27,590 
48,678 
61,102 
4,409 
8,690 
22,059 
36,586 

230,349 

38,473 
36,607 
34,326 
27,137 
26,438 
41,948 
2,115 
23,305 



1,565 
12,251 
5,871 
2,184 
4,824 
1,038 
2,528 
9,791 
7,945 
35,179 



145,638 
86,287 

130,093 
87,436 
52,963 
35,595 
64,305 
83,486 
5,471 
10,573 
30,199 
48,591 

298,520 

•53,711 
49,921 
41,746 
33,954 
30,662 
55,133 
2,282 
31,117 

95,102 

4,150 
1,627 

13,553 
6,519 
1,895 
5,269 
1,394 
2,556 

10,588 
9,248 

38,297 



28,074 
15,596 
14,171 
85,250 
13,071 
29,924 

239,100 
56,587 

186,132 

254,126 



21,935 
11,542 
11,107 
70,000 
10,610 
23,990 

199,160 
49,394 

166,234 

245,079 



0,025 
32,738 

7,113 
45,146 
21,978 
45,448 
32,415 
51,427 
11,836 

805,594 

143,813 
87,810 

137,299 
85,218 
55,517 
38,699 
67,040 
88,863 
5,565 
11,0X1 
33,146 
51,543 

310,979 

57,019 
52,031 
41,709 
34,544 
30,782 
60,444 
2,227 
32,223 



3,813 
1,639 

13,122 
5,901 
1 ,795 
5,405 
1,293 
2,383 

10,526 
9,893 

37,691 



5,681 
31,161 

6,680 
44,531 
21,253 
44,165 
31,435 
49,193 
10,980 



121,030 
74,517 

125,203 
70,003 
51,782 
37,267 
61,307 
82,685 
5,338 
9,859 
33,201 
46,477 

304,250 

54,111 
49,751 
41,022 
34,363 
30,464 
60,413 
1,835 
32,288 

84,566 

3,388 
1,818 
1 t , 853 

5,138 
1,572 
5,305 
1,178 
2,205 
9,471 
9,091 
33,424 



14,765 
7,600 
7,070 
49,203 
7,532 
10,787 
137,480 
35,056 
127,265 

202,553 



24,956 
5,249 
37,939 
18,241 
37,421 
25,303 
40,748 
8,508 



71S,009 540,964 



88,760 
54,597 
95,782 
49,518 
40,923 
30,305 
47,540 
66,602 
4,328 
7,801 
24,801 
35,947 

251,918 

44,373 

41,580 
33,269 
28,162 
24,615 
51,893 
1,403 
26,623 

61,359 

2,327 
1,092 
8,186 
3,456 
1,130 
4,401 
856 
1,697 
0,913 
6,743 
21,558 



33,592 
5.226 
11,082 
90,840 
24,019 
91,112 

164,316 



5,688 
2,976 
2,936 
21,335 
3,540 
7,160 
56.0S1 
14,790 
01 ,731 

124,400 



3,411 
1,834 
1,670 

13,133 
2,137 
4,175 

32,706 
8,494 

38,157 

85,732 



2,424 
1,330 
1,009 
9,717 
1,554 
2,915 

23,143 
5,732 

20,204 



1,541 

1,327 
669 
7,610 
1,226 
1,975 

14,108 
3,533 

18,231 

41,504 



3,027 
19,405 

3,963 
30,856 
14,753 
31,093 
21,047 
33,353 

6,819 

389,937 



1,944 
13,853 

2,715 
24,193 
11,199 
23,410 
16,422 
25,707 

4,957 

259,395 



1,174 

8,945 

1,770 
16,722 

7,709 
16,245 
11,588 
18,145 

3,434 

158,115 



824 

6,270 

1,434 
13,858 

5,360 
12,087 

9,300 
14,933 



459 
3,974 
1,011 
8,207 
3,895 
7,934 
5,381 
9,020 
1,623 

07,070 



00,435 
37,019 
68,644 
31,987 
30,667 
23,323 
34,474 
49,804 
3,274 
5,781 
18,793 
25,736 

207,063 

35,306 
34,055 
27,873 
23,816 
20,131 
42,909 
1,092 
21,881 

44,747 



3,716 
594 
1,357 
4,992 
4,994 
17,669 



23,729 
•44,989 
20,330 
20,721 
16,931 
22,937 
34,421 
2,277 
3,876 
13,267 
17,082 

156,983 

26,120 
25,357 
21,692 
18,557 
15,497 
32,811 
669 
10,280 



3,8S2 
1,543 



3,461 
3,110 
12,205 



23,019 
13,007 
27,047 
11,699 
13,150 
11,095 
14,206 
21,549 
1,480 
2,440 
8,483 
10,280 

108,429 

17,304 
17,049 
15,319 
13,616 
11,065 
22,603 
402 



14,213 
8,198 

17,266 
7,583 
8,701 
7,963 
9,405 

14,824 
1,076 
1,735 
7,410 
6,373 

86,092 

12,569 
12,105 
13,141 
12,061 

9,704 

17,961 

278 

8,213 



9,771 
4,981 
10,865 
5,225 
6,075 
6,293 
6,211 
8,616 
605 
1,105 
3,251 
4,072 



5,302 
10,897 



2,324 
2,237 
7,907 



2,229 
1 ,835 
7,978 



1,061 
1,184 
4,095 



14 



POPULATION. 

PERSONS TO A FAMILY, BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS. 



GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS. 


1 

person. 


2 
persons. 


3 

persons. 


4 
persons. 


5 
persons. 


6 
persons. 


7 
persons. 


8 
persons. 


9 
persons. 


10 
persons. 


11 persons 
and over. 




461, 1C3 


1,673,224 


2,117,198 


2,132,971 


1,916,530 


1,466,15S 


1,080,910 


748,103 


478,532 


352,545 


262,812 






120,061 
58,283 

157,812 
62,051 
62,956 


566,440 
193,113 
595,210 
230,349 
88,112 


G95.188 
247,745 
780,637 
29S.526 
95,102 


668,511 
254,126 
805,594 
310,979 
93,761 


563,972 
245,079 
718,669 
304,250 
84,566 


403,364 
202,553 
546,961 
251,918 
61,359 


274,847 
164,316 
389,937 
207,063 
44,747 


176,240 
124,400 
259,395 
156,983 
31,085 


105,717 
85,732 
158,115 
108,429 
20,539 


74,094 
67,046 
104,747 
86,092 
20,560 


63,808 
45,374 
81,525 
54,480 

17,625 













Reducing the figures for each geographical division to percentages', according to the number of families and 
population represented by each classified number of persons to a family, the following results are obtained : 



GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS. 


PERSONS TO A FAMILY. 


1 person. 


2 to 6 persons. 


7 to 10 persons. 


11 persons and over. 


Per cent 

of 
families. 


Per cent 

of 
popula- 
tion. 


Per cent 

of 
families. 


Per cent 

of 
popula- 
tion. 


Per cent 

of 
families. 


Per cent 

of 
popula- 
tion. 


Per cent 

of 
families. 


Per cent 

of 
popula- 
tion. 

6.66 




3.63 


0.74 


73.33 


58.45 


20.97 


31.15 


2.07 




3.23 
3.45 
3.43 
3.00 
10.15 


0.. 69 
0.66 
0.71 
0.57 
2.08 


7S.05 
67.70 
74. 9G 
67.40 
68.16 


63.98 
51.78 
60.95 
51.33 
53.75 


17.00 
26.16 
19.84 
26.97 
18.85 


28. SS 
40.50 
32.53 
41.39 
31.40 


1.72 
2.69 
1.77 
2.63 
2.84 


6.45 

7.06 
5.81 
6.71 
12.71 













Of the whole number of families in the United States, 3.63 per cent contain 1 person only, 73.33 per cent from 
2 to 6 persons, 20.97 per cent from 7 to 10 persons, and 2.07 per cent 11 persons and over. Families from 2 to 6 
persons contain 58.45 per cent of the total population of the United States, and families of 7 to 10 persons 34.15 
per cent; but G.G6 per cent of the total population is comprised in families of more than 10 persons. 

Persons to a family, in detail, for the 124 principal cities already considered are shown in the table on the 
following page. 



DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES IN 1890. 

PERSONS TO A FAMILY, IN DETAIL. 



15 



11 to 15 
persons. 



1G to 20 
persons. 



New York, N. Y 
Chicago, III 
Philadelphi 
Brooklyn, N. Y 
St. Lonis, Mo .. 



Pa 



9,638 

4,157 
3,907 
4,010 
4,255 



Boston, Mass 2,674 

Baltimore, MU 2,305 

San Francisco, Cal 2,137 

Cincinnati, Ohio I 2,022 

Cleveland, Ohio 1,229 

Buffalo, N. Y 1,306 

New Orleans, La 2,208 

Pittsburg, Pa 907 

Washington, D. C 1,278 

Detroit, Mich 815 

Milwaukee, Wis 1,088 

Newark, N. J 919 

Minneapolis, Minn 2,204 

Jersey city, N. .1 797 

Louisville, Ky 1,494 

Omaha, Neb | 310 

Rochester, N. Y 747 

St. Paul, Minn I 1,336 

Kansas citv, Mo 1,113 

Providence, R. I 1,107 



Denver, Colo 

Indianapolis, Tnd 

Allegheny, Pa 

Albany, N. Y 

Columbus, Ohio 

Syracuse, N. Y 

Worcester, Mass 

Toledo, Ohio 

Richmond, Va 

New Haven, Conn .... 

Paterson, N. J 

Lowell, Mass 

Nashville, Tenn 

Scranton, Pa 

Fall River, Mass 

Cambridge, Mass 

Atlanta, Ga 

Memphis, Tenn 

Wilmington, Del 

Dayton, Ohio 

Troy, N. Y 

Grand Rapids, Mich . 

Reading, Pa 

Camden, N. .1 

Trenton, N. J 

Lynn. Mass 

Lincoln, Neb 

Charleston, S. C 

Hartford, Conn 

St. Joseph, Mo 

Evansville, Ind 

Los Angeles. Cal 

Des Moines, Iowa 

Bridgeport, Conn 

Oakland, Cal 

Portland, Ore 

Saginaw, Mich 

Salt Lake, Utah 

Lawrence, Mass 

Springfield, Mass 

Manchester, N. II 

Utica, N. Y 

Hoboken, N. J 

Savannah, Ga 

Seattle, Wash 

Peoria, 111 

New Bedford, Mass... 

Erie, Pa 

Somerville, Mass 

Harrisburg, Pa 

Kansas city, Kan 

Dallas, Tex 

Sioux city, Iowa 

Elizabeth, N. J 

Wilkesbarre, Pa 

San Antonio, Tex 

Covington. Ky .... 

Portland, Me 

Taeoma, Wash 

Holyoke, Mass 

Fort Wayne, Ind 

Binghamton, N. Y 

Norfolk, Va 

Wheeling, W. Va 

Augusta, Ga 



740 



24 ,(•>«> 
25,128 
13,076 

13,409 
11,477 
6,880 
9,874 
7,205 

6,995 

7,085 
5,463 
5,529 
5,651 



4,298 
4,667 
5,008 

1,908 
3,736 
3,136 
3.917 
4,917 

2,645 
3,706 
2,668 
3,287 



3,136 
2,815 
2,355 



1,937 
2,186 
1,701 
1,846 

1,912 

2,138 
2,194 
1,596 
1,971 

1,947 
2,180 
1.63S 
1,758 
1,666 



1,623 
1,923 
1,185 

1,153 
1,841 
1,368 
1,573 
1,522 



744 



1,307 
1,566 
1,397 
1.364 
1,074 

1,265 
1,536 
1,052 
1,416 
1,147 

1,175 



1,025 
1,092 
1,398 



1,031 
1,422 
1,119 



34,118 
31,184 
14,948 

15,870 
13,945 

8,117 
11,652 

9,112 



3,244 
4,522 
3,359 
3,698 
3,317 

3,794 
3,416 
3,047 
2,313 
3,324 

3,054 

2,582 
2,606 
2,473 



2,568 
2,277 
2,433 
2,168 



2,241 

2,569 
1,137 
1,854 
2,119 
1,576 



1,744 
1,072 
1,608 
2,027 

1,481 

1,843 
1,720 
1,649 
1,244 



1,135 
1,313 
1,735 
1,095 
1,024 

1,321 
1,617 
1,302 
1,216 
1,329 



51, SOS 
39,811 
35,942 
31 ,070 
15,008 

15,536 
14,357 

8,204 
1 1 ,060 

9,335 

8,769 
7,411 
7,508 
7,113 
7,680 

6,938 
7,188 
5,532 
6,305 
5,284 

3,227 
4,851 
4,215 
4,654 



3.372 
4,332 
3,622 
3,621 
3,255 

3,503 
3.255 
3,034 
2,334 
3,268 

3,041 
2,505 
2,541 
2,611 
2,270 

2,491 
1,990 
2,070 
2,199 
2,400 

2,287 
2,551 
2,338 
2,464 
2,208 

2,377 
1,401 
1,715 
2,155 
1 ,725 



1,028 
1,742 
1,093 
1,628 



1,400 
1,741 
1,744 
1,419 
1,131 

1,448 
1,572 
1 ,330 



1,109 
1,344 
1,584 
1,001 
1,147 

1,323 
1,513 
1,208 
1,272 
1,171 



48,686 

30,350 
33,119 
27,046 
13,662 

13,385 

13,524 
7,864 
9.385 
8,284 

8,275 
7,236 
7,128 
6,680 
0,941 

6,513 

6,422 
4,978 
5,869 



4,222 
4,238 
3,851 
3,865 
4,241 



3,549 
3,337 
3,183 
2,810 



2, (ISO 
2,219 
2,614 

2,669 
2,279 
2,300 
2,310 
2,162 

2,203 
1,818 
1,910 
2,095 
2,125 

1,964 
2,054 
1,918 
2,092 
1,907 



1,619 

1,717 
1,567 
1,680 
1,610 
1,552 



923 



1,109 
1,535 
1,517 
1,307 
1,094 



1,245 
1,261 
1,397 
1,341 

1 ,339 
1.070 
1,070 
1,240 
1,140 

961 



34,150 
26,920 
25, 333 
19,557 
10,495 



0,156 
5,459 
5,623 
5,249 
5,196 

5, US 
4,402 
3,064 
4,115 
3,653 

2,544 
3,148 
2,996 
2,724 
2,951 

1,991 
2,428 
2,537 
2,290 



2,056 
1,737 
1,757 

1,894 
1 ,666 
1,620 
1,861 
1,660 

1,696 
1,370 
1,328 
1,439 
1,482 

1,437 
1,379 
1,482 
1,447 
1,419 

1,219 
920 
1,125 
1,184 
1,059 

1,158 
1,043 
1,236 
1,143 
1,117 

707 



23,447 
18,851 
18,003 
13,347 
7,491 



4,329 
4,062 
4,331 
3,963 
3,611 

3,810 
3,057 
2,431 
2,794 
2,670 



1,324 
1,338 
1,422 
1,337 
1,273 

1,346 

1,181 
1,224 
1 ,340 



15,075 
12,100 
12,190 



2,918 
2,963 
2,715 
2,320 



1,857 

1,562 
1,400 
1,457 
1 ,305 
1,264 

1 ,041 



9.16S 
7.I7S 
7,579 
4,856 
3,190 

2,702 
3,398 
1,979 
1,761 
1,789 

1,714 
1,910 
1,904 
1,770 



1,449 
1 ,062 
1 ,023 



7,507 
4,999 
5,492 
3,396 
2,443 

2,281 



1,189 
1,490 
1,438 
1,434 



4,005 
3,208 
3,969 
1,921 
1,526 

1,979 
1,613 
1,097 



1,018 
1,082 
],056 



10 



POPULATION. 
PERSONS TO A FAMILY, IN DETAIL— Continued. 



CITIES. 


i 

person. 


persons. 


3 
persons. 


4 
persons. 


5 
persons. 


6 
persons. 


7 
persons. 


8 
persons. 


9 
persons. 


10 
persons. 


11 to 15 

persons. 


16 to 20 
persons. 


21 
persons 
and over. 


Youn vn Ohio 


168 
127 
103 
197 
218 

259 
387 
298 
271 
391 

111 
85 
315 
296 
289 

268 
165 
116 
101 
187 

181 
176 
131 
193 
149 

198 
257 
123 
310 
283 

230 
185 
120 
121 


769 
485 
636 
954 
1,108 

1,015 
921 
1,169 
1,152 
1,233 

833 
670 
828 
986 
1,000 

888 
776 
993 

688 
918 

873 
660 
997 
1,044 
810 

978 
713 

854 
859 

944 
873 
761 
658 


1,072 

594 

914 

1,234 

1,380 

1,162 
1,072 
1,406 
1,356 
1,352 

1,032 
1,031 
1,030 
1,267 
1,134 

932 
1,028 
1,269 

930 
1,077 

1,176 
887 
1,178 
1,295 
1,106 

1,128 
865 

1,015 
893 
949 

1,108 

1,080 

1,128 

870 


1,072 
685 
1,024 
1,189 
1,323 

1,131 
951 
1,271 
1,275 
1,271 

1,130 
1,099 
1,043 
1,166 
1,018 

879 
1,028 
1,199 
1,014 

901 

1,197 
793 
1,114 
1,214 
1,042 

1,064 
894 

1,001 
763 
928 

996 

967 

1,011 

946 


1,056 
781. 
1,030 
1,126 
1,128 

1,032 
995 

1,019 
972 
972 

1,044 
960 
927 

1,012 
846 

866 
893 
986 
932 
852 

954 
792 
807 
903 
879 

890 
839 
827 
695 
862 

SOO 
866 
814 
S19 


790 
560 
. 773 
747 
760 

758 
710 
751 
698 

678 

735 
760 
719 
682 
615 

645 
655 
626 

677 
640 

643 
572 
607 
629 
668 

619 
505 
641 
515 
562 

585 
561 
562 
608 


598 
410 
544 
503 
463 

547 
494 
463 
440 
447 

533 
527 
480 
512 
450 

452 
475 
434 
437 
464 

436 
448 
403 
406 
435 

428 
326 
431 
386 
410 

357 
385 
390 

407 


415 
307 

346 

304 

a57 
339 

2S7 
287 
294 

360 
363 
354 
297 
299 

340 
299 
222 
290 
338 

292 
266 

245 
224 
284 

232 
234 
289 
237 
239 

222 
244 
2S1 
294 


286 
226 
263 
187 
182 

201 
242 
177 
135 
150 

197 
202 
211 
168 
165 

228 
193 
152 
198 
190 

158 
215 
137 
126 
174 

123 
120 
166 
198 
159 

124 
110 
131 
170 


185 
358 
229 
119 
114 

119 
267 
102 
98 
106 

146 
136 
134 
102 
150 

205 
172 
102 
140 
131 

79 
213 
101 

82 
124 

90 
170 
107 
197 
119 

70 
90 
110 
83 


143 
97 
115 
105 
88 

66 
85 
51 
63 
90 

76 
126 
91 

74 
116 

109 
105 
69 
76 
82 

62 
100 

113 
69 

74 

51 
68 
95 
121 
83 

66 
67 
62 
71 


14 
82 
23 
4 
5 

11 
9 

11 
8 

10 

28 
23 
15 
23 
29 

26 
18 

7 
16 

4 

5 
61 
28 
14 

4 

13 
45 
12 
40 
24 

5 
6 

7 
19 


4 




129 




10 




18 




5 




15 




8 




13 




15 




13 




4 




1(1 




33 




13 




24 




15 




17 








23 




8 




8 




31 




13 




11 




9 




22 




43 




11 




34 




19 




11 




6 




14 




16 







Taking the 28 cities having 100,000 inhabitants or more, and analyzing the figures in the same manner as for 
geographical divisions, we have the following table of percentages : 



CITIES. 








PERSONS TO 


A FAMILY. 








1 person. 


2 to 6 persons. 


7 to 10 persons. 


11 persons 


ana over. 


Per cent 

of 
families. 


Per cent 

of 
popula- 
tion. 


Per cent 

of 
families. 


Per cent 

of 
popula- 
tion. 


Per cent 

of 
families. 


Per cent 

of 
popula- 
tion. 


Per cent 

of 
families. 


Per cent 

of 
popula- 
tion. 




3.63 


0.74 


73.33 


58.45 


20.97 


34.15 


2.07 


6.66 




3. OS 
1.89 
1.91 
2.71 
4.64 

2.98 
2.66 
4.07 
4.13 
2.32 

2.54 
4.54 
1.99 

2.91 
1.93 

2.62 
2.36 
6.70 
2.32 
4.53 

1.38 
2.74 
5.17 
4.10 

3.78 
3.75 
3.44 
1.97 


0.64 
0.38 
0.37 
0.58 
0.94 

0.60 
0.53 
0.71 
0.88 
0.47 

0.51 
0.91 
0.38 
0.55 
0.39 

0.53 
0.50 
1.34 
0.49 
0.93 

0.22 
0.56 
1.00 
0.84 

0.84 
0.69 
0.75 
0.39 


77.38 
76.49 
74.67 
78.37 
73.22 

75.66 
73.44 
70.34 
77.07 
76.18 

75.73 
71.62 
71.73 
71.78 
77.27 

74.78 
79.37 
72.04 
78.65 
72.77 

65.52 
76.09 
71.28 
74.73 

79.28 
72.05 
80.38 
74.61 


61.53 
60.96 
58.56 
64.57 
58.06 

58.32 
57.98 
48.69 
6.3.26 
60.98 

60.12 
56.01 
55.01 
54.42 
62.83 

60.10 
66.16 
56.63 
65.62 
57.39 

43.85 

60.78 
54.83 
57.69 

66.08 
51.79 
66.98 
58.71 


17.65 
19.58 
21.09 
17.53 
19.82 

18. IS 
21.72 
21.54 
17.03 
19.67 

19.59 
21.37 
23.33 
22.47 
19.07 

20.80 
16.99 
17.51 
17.69 
20.30 

28.34 
19.19 
19.85 
18.23 

15.20 
20.31 
14.80 
21.22 


29.19 
31.22 
33.11 
29.53 
32.34 

29.18 
34.63 
30.78 
28.94 
31.76 

31.45 
34.65 
35.85 
34.61 
30.94 

33.54 

28.71 
27.92 
29.54 
33.49 

37.99 
31.40 
30.86 
29.79 

26.68 
30.97 
25.72 
33.52 


1.89 
2.04 
2.33 
1.39 
2.32 

3.18 
2.18 
4.05 
1.77 
1.83 

2.14 
2.47 
2.95 
2.84 
1.73 

1.80 
1.28 
3.75 
1.34 
2.40 

4.70 
1.98 
3.70 
2.88 

1.74 
3.89 
1.38 
2.20 


8.64 
7.44 
7.96 
5.32 
8.66 

11.90 
6.86 

19.82 
6.92 
6.79 

7.92 
8.43 
8.76 
10.42 
5.84 

5.83 
4.63 
14.11 
4.35 
8.19 

17.94 
7.26 
13.31 
11.68 

6.40 
16.55 
6.55 

7.38 

























































DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES IN 1890. 



17 



In all the cities named in this table, with the single exception of Omaha, families containing from 2 to 6 persons 
represent between 70 and 80 per cent of all families, the per cent for the United States as a whole beino- 73.33. The 
largest percentages of families having more than 10 persons, and population represented by such families, are found 
in San Francisco, or 4.05 for families and 19.82 for population; in Minneapolis, or 3.75 for families and 14.11 for 
population ; in Omaha, or 4.76 for families and 17.94 for population ; in St. Paul, or 3.70 for families and 13.31 for 
population; in Kansas city, Mo., or 2.88 for families and 11.68 for population, and in Denver, or 3.89 for families and 
16.55 for population. In Boston 3.18 per cent of families have more than 10 persons to a family and represent 
11.90 per cent of its population, while in Washington, D. C, 2.84 per cent of families contain more than 10 persons 
and represent 10.42 per cent of its population. 

For the larger cities it is also important to know the number of dwellings containing 1 family, 2 families 
and so on. This information is furnished regarding the 28 cities having upward of 100,000 inhabitants, including 
wards for New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, Brooklyn, St. Louis, Boston, Baltimore, and Cincinnati, as follows: 





Total 

dwellings. 




NUMBER OF DWELLINGS HAVING 


SPECIFIED NUMBER OF 


FAMILIES. 




Average 


CITIES. 


1 family. 


2 families. 


3 families. 


4 families. 


5 families. 


6 families. 


7 to 9 

families. 


10 families 
and over. 


families 

to a 
dwelling. 




81,828 


37,604 


9,228 


7,313 


5,141 


3,551 


2,934 


7,385 


8,672 


3.82 




Ward 1 


736 
94 
198 
725 
666 

741 
2,113 
1,739 
3,557 
1,496 

2,400 
15,141 
1,431 


442 
78 
119 
232 
234 

269 

402 

448 

1,255 

296 

262 

7,852 

220 


79 
10 
30 
118 
114 

65 
342 
344 

754 
171 

219 

1,435 

179 


38 
3 
13 
75 
81 

66 
343 
314 
580 

127 

.337 

1,039 

186 


32 
1 
12 
51 
62 

44 
198 
196 
282 

93 

268 
916 
132 


24 


16 


47 

5 
63 
54 

79 
207 
121 
179 
153 

407 

1,695 

185 


58 


3.09 
1.34 
2.35 
4.92 
3.73 

5.50 
5.48 
3.85 
3.35 

7.85 

6.73 
3.31 
6.69 


Ward 3 

Ward 4 

Ward 5 

Ward 6 

Ward 7 

Ward 8 

Ward 9 

Ward 10 

Ward 11 

Ward 12 

Ward 13 


6 
39 
33 

43 
145 
113 
158 

64 

199 
644 

88 


6 
29 
35 

40 
88 
77 
105 
55 

151 
558 
60 


7 
118 
53 

135 
388 
126 
244 
537 

557 

1,002 

381 



Ward 16 . 
Ward 17 . 
Ward 18 . 
Ward 19 . 
Ward 20 . 

Ward 21 . 
Ward 22 . 
Ward 23. 
Ward 24 



3,236 
3,689 
3,373 



4,003 
7,766 
6,242 
3,275 



Chicago, 111 127,871 

Ward 1 1,692 

Ward 2 2,841 

Ward 3 3,584 

Ward 4 3,649 

Ward 5 4,086 

Ward 6 5,242 

Ward 7 2,955 

Ward 8 2,842 

Ward 9 3,300 

Ward 10 4,970 

Ward 11 4,242 

Ward 12 7,207 

Ward 13 5,276 

Ward 14 4,517 

Ward 15 5,661 

Ward 16 3,819 

Ward 17 1,892 

Ward 18 2,612 

Ward 19 4,289 

Ward 20 2,357 

Ward 21 3,345 

Ward 22 3,274 

Ward 23 2,541 

Ward 24 2,866 

Ward 25 3,564 

Ward 26 4,186 

Ward 27 2,035 

Ward 28 1,663 

Ward 29 3,721 

Ward 30 7,242 

Ward 31 3,448 

Ward 32 4,247 

Ward 33 ! 3,588 

Ward 34 5,118 

19—3 



1,897 
6,161 
1,181 

2,305 
3,586 
3,799 
2,949 



1,045 
1,990 
2,452 
2,488 
1,620 

3,184 

1,009 
1,139 
1,022 
2,738 

2,580 
4,956 
3,335 
2,181 



1,276 

1,079 
1,739 
1,418 
1,294 
1,292 

926 



1,508 


1,019 


1,259 


1,035 


795 


559 


1,931 


412 


2,334 


1,012 


2,915 


849 


1,915 


104 


1,495 


140 


2,110 


1,022 


5,128 


1,600 


3,113 


299 


3,533 


557 


2,780 


566 


4,376 


626 



3.21 
6.43 
3.56 
3.75 
4.57 



4.27 
1.84 
1.14 



1.87 
1.55 
1.55 
1.52 
2.14 

1.65 
2.40 
2.55 
2.61 
1.79 

1.62 
1.41 
1.52 



3.04 
2.37 
1.56 
2.09 
2.02 



2.13 
2.85 
1.63 
1.43 

1.46 
1.07 
1.13 
1.67 



18 



POPULATION. 



Total 
dwellings. 



NUMBER OF DWELLINGS BAYING SPECIFIED NUMBER OF FAMILIES. 



1 family. 2 families. 3 families. 4 families. 



Philadelphia, Pa.. 

Ward 1 

Ward 2 

Ward 3 

Ward 4 

Ward 5 

Ward 6 

Ward 7 

Ward 8 

Ward 9 

Ward 10 

Ward 11 

Ward 12 

Ward 13 

Ward 14 

Ward 15 

Ward 16 

Ward 17 

Ward 18 

Ward 19 

Ward 20 

Ward 21 

Ward 22 

Ward 23 

Ward 24 

Ward 25 

Ward 26 

Ward 27 

Ward 28 

Ward 29 

Ward 30 

Ward 31 

Ward 32 

Ward 33 

Ward 34. 



Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Ward 1 

Ward 2 

Ward 3 

Ward 4 

Ward 5 

Ward 6 

Ward 7 

Ward 8 

Ward 9 

Ward 10 

Ward 11 

Ward 12 

Ward 13 

Ward 14 

Ward 15 

Ward 16- 

Ward 17 

Ward 18 

Ward 19 

Ward 20 

Ward 21 

Ward 22 

Ward 23 

Ward 24 

Ward 25 

Ward 26 



Ward 1.. 

Ward 2.. 

Ward 3.. 

Ward 4.. 

Ward 5.. 

Ward 6.. 

Ward 7 . 

Ward 8.. 

Ward 9.. 

Ward 10.. 

Ward 11.. 

Ward 12 . 

Ward 13.. 

Ward 14.. 

Ward 15.. 

Ward 16.. 



10,455 


9,951 


5,205 


4,539 


3,221 


2,711 


3,120 


2,653 


2,271 


1,736 


1,280 


1,010 


4,750 


4,083 


2,646 


2,515 


1,519 


1,415 


3,398 


3,218 


1,931 


1,561 


2,332 


2,061 


3,038 


2,778 


3,699 


3,422 


8,654 


7,966 


3,052 


2,667 


3,360 


2,903 


5,650 


5.216 


10,174 


9,228 


8,016 


7,018 


5,027 


4,772 


8,398 


8,174 


6,969 


6,810 


7,863 


7,513 


6,851 


6,449 


11,688 


11,146 


5,222 


5,031 


9,010 


8,588 


9,850 


9,287 


5,517 


5,123 



1.05 
1.23 
1.23 
1.24 
1.43 



1.21 
1.16 
1.11 
1.10 

1.21 
1.19 
1.09 
1.11 
1.14 

1.05 
1.03 
1.02 
1.05 



1.05 
1.05 
1.05 
1.06 
1.09 



6,380 


6,227 


139 


11 


2 


1 








1.03 


5,968 


5,808 


134 


24 












1.03 


6,347 


5,997 


320 


20 


8 










1.06 


4,191 


4,054 


127 


7 


3 











1.04 


82,282 


42,134 


19,086 


9,687 


4,035 


2,910 


2,363 


1,809 


258 

ll 


2.08 


1,930 


1,547 


76 


138 


62 


25 


23 


39 


20 


1.64 


626 


165 


144 


140 


80 


39 


25 


20 


13 


3.00 


2,080 


1,228 


392 


259 


79 


38 


40 


40 


4 


1.87 


1,223 


690 


261 


149 


58 


18 


22 


21 


4 


1.89 


1,510 


385 


393 


370 


173 


79 


52 


44 


14 


2.79 


3,074 ! 


1,321 


599 


518 


249 


139 


102 


126 


20 


2.46 


4,389 


2,742 


904 


427 


143 


61 


55 


50 


7 


1.71 


3,688 


1,971 


1,067 


326 


121 


95 


78 


23 


7 


1.84 


1,855 


991 


389 


242 


100 


51 


36 


40 


6 


2.01 


3,116 


1,212 


851 


507 


202 


136 


82 


116 


10 


2.37 


2,411 


1,126 


638 


393 


112 


62 


32 


34 


14 


2.05 


2,351 


936 


485 


441 


198 


115 


84 


86 


6 


2.48 


2,232 


942 


674 


433 


90 


27 


19 


32 


15 


2.07 


1,931 


547 


448 


370 


155 


131 


104 


146 


30 


3.06 


2,559 


885 


819 


394 


140 


122 


107 


83 


9 


2.44 


2,849 


471 


628 


445 


336 


313 


302 


310 


44 


3.72 


3,407 


1,014 


950 


677 


259 


195 


196 


109 


7 


2.65 


6,704 


2,532 


2,020 


702 


401 


489 


424 


129 




2.43 


3,497 


1,557 


850 


492 


180 


167 


159 


85 


7 


2.28 


3,150 


2,211 


539 


244 


78 


40 


14 


19 


5 


1.53 


4,814 


2,119 


1,227 


472 


332 


317 


240 


102 


5 


2.32 


6,170 


3,884 


1,284 


614 


173 


84 


53 


76 


2 


1.67 


4,257 


3,207 


661 


222 


96 


23 


13 


33 


2 


1.42 


2,110 
5,937 


1,587 
3,826 


366 
1,318 


95 
465 


28 
133 


17 
95 


10 
67 


7 
33 








1.60 


4,412 


3,038 


1,103 


152 


57 


32 


24 


6 




1.42 


60,937 


40,792 


14,712 


2,879 


1,515 


449 


271 


245 


74 


1.51 


1,372 


895 


281 


87 


55 


24 


10 


17 


3 


1.67 


1,280 


745 


312 


95 


60 


25 


14 


17 


12 


1.91 


1,541 


820 


488 


113 


58 


29 


19 


10 


4 


1.79 


1,609 


1,170 


320 


76 


24 


7 


2 


6 


4 


1.48 


1,690 


640 


628 


195 


131 


37 


26 


28 


5 


2.14 


2,418 


1,331 


907 


117 


46 


8 


5 


3 


1 


1.56 


2,007 


668 


775 


217 


231 


53 


37 


22 


4 


2.24 


1,334 


470 


474 


174 


96 


40 


32 


36 


12 


2.35 


2,588 


1,268 


1,079 


145 


72 


14 


3 


6 


1 


1.66 


1,746 


616 


599 


251 


115 


59 


45 


45 


16 


2.38 


2,685 
1,862 


2,103 
786 


503 
820 


55 
152 


18 
76 


4 
18 


8 








1 


1 


1.79 


2,196 
2,071 
1.592 


1,921 
1,157 
1,064 


242 
715 
352 


24 
134 
101 


8 
52 
45 


1 
7 
9 










4 

7 


2 
12 






2 


1.54 


1,822 


914 


770 


88 


33 


11 


4 


2 




1.62 



DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES IN 1890. 



1!) 



St, Louis, Mo.- 

Ward 17.... 

Ward 18... 

Ward 19.. . 
Ward 20.... 

Ward 21.. . 

Ward 22 .. 



Ward 23.. 
Ward 24 . 
Ward 25.. 
Ward 26.. 
Ward 27.. 
Ward 28.. 



Boston, Mass.. 



Ward 1. 

Ward 2.. 

Ward 3... 

Ward 4.. 

Ward 5.. 

Ward 0.. 

Ward 7... 

Ward 8... 

Ward 9... 

Ward 10.. 

Ward 11.. 

Ward 12.. 

Ward 13.. 

Ward 14.. 

Ward 15.. 

Ward 16.. 

Ward 17.. 

Ward IS.. 

Ward 19.. 

Ward 20. 

Ward 21.. 

Ward 22.. 

Ward 23.. 

Ward 24.. 

Ward 25.. 



Ward 1... 

Ward 2.. 

Ward 3.. 

Ward 4.. 

Ward 5.. 

Ward 6.. 

Ward 7.. 

Ward 8.. 

Ward 9.. 

Ward 10.. 

Ward 11.. 

Ward 12.. 

Ward 13.. 

Ward 14.. 

Ward 15.. 

Ward 16.. 

Ward 17.. 

Ward 18.. 

Ward 19.. 

Ward 20.. 

Ward 21.. 

Ward 22.. 



Cincinnati, Oh' 

Ward 1 

Ward 2 

Ward 3 

Ward 4 

Ward 5 

Ward 6 

Ward 7 

Ward 8 

Ward 9 

Ward 10.... 

Ward 11 

Ward 12 

Ward 13 

Ward 14 

Ward 15 

Ward 16.... 

Ward 17.... 

Ward 18... 

Ward 19.. . 

Ward 20.... 



Total 
dwellings. 



1,873 
2,574 
2,294 
2,112 



2,410 
2,743 
2,739 
3,097 
2,729 
3,840 



NUMBER OF DWELLINGS HAVING SPECIFIED NUMBER OF FAMILIES. 



1,081 
1,870 
1,560 
1,684 
1,448 
2,235 

1,467 
2,264 
1,921 
2,775 
2,427 
3,492 



3 families. 4 families. 



1,217 


460 


1,453 


914 


746 


604 


2,457 


1,855 


1,066 


482 


2,033 


630 


3,294 


1,833 


2,146 


929 


1,451 


680 


1,620 


1,089 


1,712 


1,341 


2,437 


1,057 


3,043 


1,741 


3,263 


2,270 


2,025 


886 


3,855 


2,837 


4,961 


4,009 


2,098 


1,809 



3,603 


2,826 


2,388 


1,576 


2,605 


1,993 


2,410 


1,805 


2,791 


2,346 


4,631 


3,870 


4,386 


3,704 


3,911 


3,396 


2,067 


1,761 


2,592 


2,082 


3,266 


2,518 


3,897 


3,667 


2,346 


1,856 


3,018 


2,590 


2,346 


1,749 


2,392 1 


1,785 


4,222 ' 


3,465 


4,783 


4,071 


4,156 


3,629 


3,490 


3,074 


2,741 :' 


2,623 


4,071 


3,867 



81 | 



Average 
number of 
families 



10 families 
and over. 



2.24 
3.11 
2.13 



1.55 
1.85 
2.27 
1.99 



20 



POPULATION. 





Total 
dwellings. 


NUMBER OF DWELLINGS HAVING SPECIFIED NUMEEE OF FAMILIES. 


Average 
number of 


CITIES. 


1 family. 


2 families. 


3 families. 


4 families. 


5 families. 


6 families. 


7 to 9 
families. 


10 families 
and over. 


families 

to a 

dwelling. 


Cincinnati, Ohio— Continued. 

Ward 21 

Ward 22 

Ward 23 


983 
1,210 
1,449 


450 
628 
737 


245 
229 
269 


102 
121 
144 


79 47 36 
88 75 36 
104 96 : 67 
82 32 10 


19 
29 
29 
19 


5 
4 
3 


2.25 
2.19 
2.24 


Ward 25 1,701 

Ward 26 1,735 

Ward 27- 1,004 








1 




1.19 

1.25 
1.74 
1.57 
1.32 








647 171 95 39 24 15 
784 310 90 33 13 6 
872 ; 195 37 17 7 3 


11 
5 










2 

31 
37 
66 
47 
24 

7 
6 
9 
81 
25 

381 
59 
12 
22 
28 

16 
17 
6 
22 




San Francisco, Cal 47,183 

Cleveland, Ohio 43,835 

Buffalo, N. Y 37,290 

New Orleans, La 43,000 

Pittsburg, Pa 37,725 

Washington, D. C 38,798 

Detroit, Mich 36,992 

Milwaukee, Wis 32,888 

Newark, N. J 23,2% 

Minneapolis, Minn 25,281 

Jersey city. N. J 18,562 

Louisville, Ky 24,999 

Omaha, Neb 20,194 

Koehrster, N. Y ' 23,954 

St. Paul, Minn 20,976 

Kansas city, Mo 23,140 

Providence, K. 1 17,639 

Denver, Colo 18,010 

Indianapolis, Ind 21,138 


43,418 
36,781 
27,813 
39,282 
31,517 

34,624 
32,688 
26,021 
13,703 
19,274 

11,192 

19,881 
18,431 
21,511 
17,327 

20,500 
8,754 
16,708 
19,872 
13,044 


2,871 
5,781 
6,648 
2,756 
5,115 

3,472 
3,611 
5,584 
5,992 
5,074 

3,882 
3,563 
1,427 
1,957 
3,029 

2,071 
7,194 
1,061 
1,005 
2,917 


569 186 59 33 

879 238 65 37 

1,793 626 210 81 

574 193 79 49 

777 193 66 28 

525 119 32 16 
550 97 33 6 

960 240 49 20 
2,376 575 370 180 

628 173 72 19 

1,488 721 462 387 
905 380 139 52 
228 68 21 5 
300 90 45 19 

415 118 31 1 14 

384 100 47 13 

961 551 102 58 
159 44 16 12 
137 49 29 8 


16 
17 
23 
20 
5 

3 
1 
5 
19 
16 

49 
20 
2 
10 
14 

9 
2 
4 
16 


1.11 
1.21 
1.38 
1.13 
1.21 

1.13 
1.14 
1.26 
1.67 
1.30 

1.86 
1.32 
1.11 
1.14 
1.23 

1.16 
1.66 
1.10 
1.09 





















In New York city and in Brooklyn there are, on the average, more than two families to a dwelling, or 3.82 
families for New York and 2.08 for Brooklyn. The average number of families to a dwelling in Cincinnati is 1.90, 
in Chicago 1.72, in Boston 1.70, in St. Louis 1.51, in Baltimore 1.20, and in Philadelphia 1.10. Among the smaller 
cities the highest averages are 1.86 for Jersey city, 1.67 for Newark, and 1.66 for Providence. 

Taking the results by wards for the first 8 cities named, it is seen in New York city that in 3 wards only is the 
average number of families to a dwelling less than two families, and in 2 wards between two and three families ; in 
9 wards the average is between three and four, in 3 wards between four and five, in 2 wards between five and 
six, in 4 wards between six and seven, and in 1 ward it is very nearly eight, or 7.85 families to a dwelling. In other 
words, in 19 wards out of 24 in New York city the average number of families to a dwelling is three or more. The 
highest average for any one ward in Chicago is 3.04 families ; in Philadelphia 1.43 ; in Brooklyn 3.72 ; in St. Louis 
2.38 ; in Boston 2.46 ; in Baltimore 1.56, and in Cincinnati 3.56. 

In Chicago, out of a total of 34 wards, the average number of families to a dwelling in 24 wards is between one 
and two, in 9 wards between two and three, and in 1 ward three or more. In Philadelphia, with 34 wards, and in 
Baltimore, with 22 wards, the average number of families is between one and two in each case. In Brooklyn, with 
26 wards, the average number of families to a dwelling is between one and two in 11 wards, between two and three 
in 12 wards, and three or more in 3 wards. In Cincinnati, with 30 wards, 15 wards have an average of one to two 
families to a dwelling, 12 wards an average of two to three families, and 3 wards an average of three families or 
more. In Boston 17 wards out of 25 have an average of one to two families to a dwelling, and 8 wards an average 
of two to three families, while in St. Louis, out of a total of 28 wards, there are 24 wards with from one to two 
families to a dwelling and 4 wards with from two to three families. 



DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES IN 1890. 



21 



The following table shows for the 28 cities, without regard to wards, the per cent of dwellings having one 
family, two families, and three families and over : 



New York.... 

Chicago 

Philadelphia 

Brooklyn 

St. Louis 

Boston 

Baltimore 

Cincinnati 

San Francisc- 
Cleveland .... 

Buffalo 

New Orleans 

Pittsburg 

Washington. 



PER CENT OF DWELLINGS HAV- 
ING SPECIFIED NUMBER OF 
FAMILIES. 



1 family. 2 families. 



11.28 
22.54 

5.73 
23.19 
24.14 
23.77 
13.79 
18.55 

6.09 
13.19 
17.83 

6.41 
13.56 

8.95 



3 families 
and over. 

42.77 

17.09 
1.44 

25.60 
8.92 

17.23 
2.65 

20.82 
1.89 
2.90 
7.59 
2.24 



Detroit 

Milwaukee... 

Newark 

Minneapolis.. 
Jersey city .... 

Louisville 

Omaha 

Rochester 

St. Paul 

Kansas city. .. 
Providence.... 

Denver 

Indianapolis.. 
Allegheny 



PER CENT OF DWELLINGS HAV- 
ING SPECIFIED NUMBER OF 
FAMILIES. 



1 family. 2 families. 3 fam i' ies 
and over. 



88.37 


9 


79.12- 


16 


58.82 


25 


76.24 


20. 


60.30 


20. 


79.58 


14. 


91.27 


7. 


89.80 


8. 


82.60 


14. 


88.59 


S. 


49.63 


40. 


92.77 


5. 


94.01 


4. 


78.85 


17. 



1.87 

3.90 
15.46 

3.69 
18.79 

6.22 



2.46 
9.59 
1.34 
1.23 
3.52 



Dwellings containing three families or more are generally considered as tenement houses, and include in 
addition to tenement houses as ordinarily considered, high class apartment houses as well. This class of dwellings 
in New York city represents 42.77 per cent of all dwellings, while in Brooklyn 25.60 per cent of all the dwellings 
contain three families or more. In Cincinnati 20. S2 per cent contain three families or more, iu Chicago 17.09 per 
cent, in St. Louis 8.92 per cent, in Boston 17.23 per cent, in Newark 15.46 per cent, and in Jersey city 18.79 per 
cent. Dwellings with three families or more in Philadelphia represent but 1.44 per cent and in Baltimore but 2.65 
per cent of the whole number of dwellings. 

The results presented thus far concerning families iu dwellings have related only to the number of dwellings 
containing certain specified numbers of families. The following table presents, for the 28 cities having 100,000 
inhabitants and upward, and by wards for the first 8 cities named, the distribution of families in dwellings 
according to specified numbers of families : 



New York, N. Y . 



Ward 1.. 

Ward 2.. 

Ward 3.. 

Ward 4.. 

Ward 5.. 

Ward 6.. 
Ward 7.. 
Ward 8.. 
Ward 9.. 
Ward 10.. 

Ward 11.. 

Ward 12.. 

Ward 13.. 

Ward 14.. 

Ward 15.. 

Ward 16.. 
Ward 17.. 
Ward 18.. 
Ward 19.. 
Ward 20.. 

Ward 21.. 
Ward 22... 
Ward 23.. 
Ward 24.. 



16,140 
50,107 
9,580 
5,810 
4,580 

10,383 
23,709 
12,004 
45,979 
19,042 

12,122 
33,198 
11,484 
3,718 



NUMBER OF FAMILIES IN DWELLINGS ACCORDING TO SPECIFIED NUMBER OF FAMILIES. 



1,897 
6,161 
1,181 

2,305 
3,586 
3,799 
2,949 



3 families. 4 families. 



725 

2,222 
5,774 
1,849 
3,433 

8,487 



3,175 


8,281 


13,294 


12,742 


1,470 


5,646 


681 


3,768 


631 


905 


1,477 


2,774 


4,292 


13,530 


2,276 


4,020 


10,511 


16,910 


3,306 


7,478 



22 



POPULATION. 



Total 
families. 



NUMHER OF FAMILIES IX DWELLINGS ACCORDING TO SPECIFIED M'Mr.FR OF FAMILIES. 



Chicago, 111 ! 220 .320 



Ward 1... 

Ward 2... 

Ward 3... 

Ward i... 

Ward 5... 

Ward 6... 

Ward 7... 

Ward 8... 

Ward 9... 

Ward 10... 

Ward 11... 

Ward 12... 

Ward 13... 

Ward 14... 

Ward 15... 

Ward 16... 

Ward 17... 

Ward 18... 

Ward 19... 

Ward 20... 

Ward 21... 
Ward 22 .. 
Ward 23... 
Ward 24... 
Ward 25.. 

Ward 26... 
Ward 27.. 
Ward 28.. 
Ward 29.. 
Ward 30.. 

Ward 31.. 
Ward 32.. 
Ward 33.. 
Ward 34.. 



Philadelphia, Pa 205,135 



Ward 1... 

Ward 2... 

Ward 3... 

Ward 1 .. 

Ward 5... 

Ward 6... 
Ward 7... 
Ward 8... 
Ward 9... 
Ward 10... 

Ward 11... 
Ward 12... 
Ward 13... 
Ward 14... 
Ward 15... 

Ward 16... 
Ward 17... 
Ward 18... 
Ward 19... 
Ward 20... 

Ward 21... 
Ward 22.. 
Ward 23.. 
Ward 24.. 
Ward 25.. 

Ward 26.. 
Ward 27.. 
Ward 28.. 
Ward 29.. 
Ward 30 . 

Ward 31.. 
Ward 32... 
Ward 33.. 
Ward 34.. 



Ward 1... 

Ward 2... 

Ward 3... 

Ward 4.. 

Ward 5... 

Ward 6... 

Ward 7.. 

Ward 8.. 

Ward 9.. 

Ward 10.. 



3,164 
4,408 
5,566 
5,530 
8,751 

8,669 
7,100 
7,241 
8,621 
8,917 

6,868 
10,170 
8,020 
8,669 
7,918 

11,612 
4,478 
4,084 
8,961 
4,759 

6,472 
6,982 
7,249 
4,684 
5,091 

6,096 
2,174 
1,874 
6,229 
10,094 

3,832 
5,209 
4,799 
6,029 



Brooklyn, K Y 170,970 



11,023 
6,386 
3,977 
3,865 
3,244 

1,761 
5,722 
2,849 
1,671 
3,642 



2,826 
3,533 
4,104 
9,482 

3,679 

4,013 
6,185 
11,248 
9,174 



8,645 
7,140 
8,281 
7,276 

12,268 
5,478 
9,456 

10,462 



6,551 
6,156 
6,739 
4,341 



3,158 
1,877 
3,886 
2,312 
4,211 

7,573 
7,492 
6,768 
3,729 



1,045 
1,990 
2,452 
2,488 
1,620 

3,184 
1,009 
1,139 
1,022 
2,738 

2,580 
4,956 
3,335 
2,181 
3,981 

942 



2,334 

2,915 
1,915 
1,495 
2,110 
5,128 

3,113 

3,533 
2,780 



1,346 
1,430 
2,540 

2,474 
1,558 
1,142 
1,836 
2,552 

2,158 
3,478 
2,836 
2,588 
2,584 

1,852 
938 
1,080 
2,474 
1,512 

2,038 I 

2,070 

1,118 

824 I 
2,024 

1,6 



1,114 
1,132 
1,252 



1,725 

1,314 
1,656 
1,212 
1,614 
1,407 

1,050 
1,122 
1,065 
1,602 



2,515 
1,415 
3,218 



2,667 
2,903 
5,216 
9,228 
7,018 

4,772 
8,174 
6,810 
7,513 
6,449 

11,146 

5,031 
8,588 
9,287 
5,123 

6,227 

5,808 
5,997 
4,054 



1,321 
2,742 
1,971 



1,694 
1,766 



DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES IN 1890. 



23 



Brooklvn, N. Y.- 
Ward 11 

Ward 12 

Ward 13 

Ward 14 

Ward 15 

Ward 16 

Ward 17 

Ward 18 

Ward 19 

Ward 20 

Ward 21 

Ward 22 

Ward 23 

Ward 24 

Ward 25 

Ward 26 



Ward 2... 

Ward 3... 

Ward 4.... 

Ward 5.... 

Ward 6... 
Ward 7... 
Ward 8... 
Ward 9.... 
Ward 10... 

Ward 11... 

Ward 12... 

Ward 13... 

Ward 14 .. 

Ward 15... 

Ward 16... 

Ward 17... 

Ward 18... 

Ward 19... 

Ward 20... 

Ward 21... 

Ward 22... 

Ward 23... 
Ward 24... 
Ward 25 .. 
Ward 26... 
Ward 27... 
Ward 28... 

Boston, Mass.. 



Ward 1 

Ward 2 

Ward 3 

Ward 4 

Ward 5 

Ward 6 

Ward 7 

Ward 8 

Ward 9 

Ward 10 

Ward 11 

Ward 12 

Ward 13 

Ward 14 

Ward 15 

Ward 16 

Ward 17 

Ward 18 

Ward 19 

Ward 20 

Ward 21 

Ward 22 

Ward 23 

Ward 24 

Ward 25 

Baltimore, Md.. 



Ward 
Ward 
Ward 
Ward 

Ward 
Ward 
Ward 



Total 
families. 



NUMBER OP FAMILIES IN DWELLINGS ACCORDING TO SPECIFIED NUMBER OF FAMILIES. 



2 families. 3 families. 4 families. 5 families. 



4,948 
5,838 
4,630 
5,918 
6,245 

10,599 
9,044 

16,309 
7,968 
4,816 

11,161 

10,327 
6,056 
2,917 



1,014 
2,532 
1,557 
2,211 

2,119 

3,884 
3,207 



1,256 
1,900 
4,040 
1,700 
1,078 



1,179 


448 


1,323 


792 


1,299 


360 


1,110 


620 


1,182 


560 


1,335 


1,344 


2,031 


1,036 


2,106 


1,604 


1,476 


720 



1,416 
1,842 



1,812 
1,176 
2,544 



9,516 
6,277 

91,756 


3,826 
3,038 

40,792 


2,636 
2,206 

29,424 


1,395 
456 

8,637 


532 

228 

6,060 


475 
160 

2,245 


402 

144 

1.62G 


250 
45 

1,875 






1,097 


2,287 
2,443 
2,762 
2,379 
3,623 

3,782 
4.492 
3,136 
4,292 
4,154 

3,378 
3,341 
2,514 
3,270 
2,458 
2,945 

3,108 
3,483 
3,223 
2,670 
3,277 
2,981 

3,860 
3,309 
3,750 
3,507 
3,094 
4,238 

89,716 


895 
745 
820 
1,170 
640 

1,331 
668 
470 

1,268 
616 

2,103 
786 
1,921 
1,157 
1,064 
914 

1,081 
1,870 
1,560 
1,684 
1,448 
2,235 

1,467 
2,264 
1,921 
2,775 
2,427 
3,492 

31,074 


562 
624 
976 
640 
1,256 

1,814 
1,550 
948 
2,158 
1,198 

1,006 
1,640 

484 
1,430 

704 
1,540 

1,080 
1,164 
1,218 

690 
1,074 

478 

1,322 
828 

1,372 
530 
510 
628 

25,038 


261 
285 
339 
228 

585 

351 
651 
522 
435 
753 

165 
456 
72 
402 
303 
264 

423 
210 
264 
162 
285 
84 

411 
144 
285 
111 
108 
78 

18,939 


220 
240 
232 
96 
524 

184 
924 
384 
288 
460 

72 
304 

32 
208 
180 
132 

276 
160 
84 
76 
284 
64 

372 
60 

100 
56 
32 
16 

5,576 


120 
125 
145 
35 
185 

40 
265 
200 

70 
295 

20 
90 
5 
35 
45 
55 

105 
20 
35 
25 
50 
30 

185 

£ 

20 
5 
10 

2,795 


60 
84 

114 
12 

156 

30 
222 
192 

18 
270 

12 
48 


130 
131 
79 
45 
217 

21 
161 
273 

45 
352 


39 
209 

57 
153 

60 

11 
51 

147 
10 

210 


7 


10 


24 
42 
24 

84 
24 
30 
18 
60 
12 

48 


14 
91 
16 

44 
25 
21 
15 
38 
51 

45 
8 

23 

9 






29 


15 
10 
11 


38 

27 

10 


24 
6 
12 








14 
2,512 




2,214 


1,568 


4,369 

3,282 
2,977 
2,876 
2,514 

3,427 
2,122 
2,671 
2,532 
1,084 

4,004 
2,450 
4,681 
5,339 
3,877 

3,241 
2,834 
2,561 
4,923 
5,242 

4,778 
4,103 
5,213 
6,178 
.i 2,438 

86,654 


1,273 
748 
710 

1,023 
819 

603 
472 
460 
914 
604 

1,855 
482 
630 

1,833 
929 

680 
1,089 
1,341 
1,057 
1,741 

2,270 
886 
2,837 
4,009 
1,809 

60,253 


2,142 
1,462 
1.182 
1,254 
902 

500 
320 
658 
520 

116 

538 

542 

1,242 

1,986 

1,536 

548 

446 

364 

1,496 

1,494 

1,200 
1,110 

1,480 

1,510 

490 

19.890 


861 
873 
942 
447 
528 

738 
501 
813 
450 
96 

519 

321 

1,695 

1,227 

1,221 

741 

477 

300 

1,269 

1,260 

1,041 

1,302 

735 

471 

111 

4,350 


56 

144 
72 
92 

164 

480 
288 
368 
300 
100 

300 
388 
408 
104 
112 

532 
232 
136 
472 
240 

84 
296 
88 
92 
28 

1,240 


10 
30 
40 
5 
55 

325 
180 
]95 
110 
65 

115 
175 
260 
90 
30 

260 
215 
60 
190 
125 

60 
125 
20 
55 


12 
18 
24 
24 
30 

294 
108 
90 
84 
42 

72 
210 
180 
60 
42 

198 
108 
102 
108 
132 

36 
192 
30 
18 


15 

7 
7 
7 
16 

374 
160 

77 
103 

28 

221 
225 
230 
39 

180 
171 
124 
184 
200 

29 

77 
8 
23 








24 


113 
93 
10 
51 
33 

384 
107 
36 


102 
96 
134 

147 
50 

58 
115 
15 


410 


222 


232 


57 


J 4,494 
3,714 
3,354 
3,271 
3,324 

5,467 
5,154 
4,496 
2,552 
3,225 


2,826 
1,576 
1,993 
1,805 
2,346 

3,870 
3,704 
3,396 
1,761 
2,082 


1,368 

1,040 

1,012 

886 

746 

1,382 

1,208 
924 
410 
886 


246 
537 
267 
312 
183 

195 
213 
120 
144 
207 


20 
236 

40 
164 

32 

20 
24 
36 
144 
68 


20 
120 
15 
35 
10 


6 

102 

6 

24 


8 
89 
21 
45 

7 




14 








1 


5 
20 
60 
20 


::::::::::::::::: 












18 
12 


15 







24 



POPULATION. 





Total 
families. 


NUMBER OF FAMILIES IN DWELLINGS ACCORDING TO SPECIFIED NUMBER OF FAMILIES. 


CITIES. 


1 family. 


2 families. 3 families. 


. , ... _, ... .. ... 7 to 9 10 families 

4 families. 5 families. 6 families, i familieB _ , and ovel . 













Baltimore. Mel - 

Ward 11 

Ward 12 

Ward 13 

Ward 14 

Ward 15 

Ward 16 

Ward 17 

Ward 18 

Ward 19 

Ward 20 

Ward 21 

Ward 22 



Cincinnati, Ohi< 

Ward 1 

AVard 2 

Ward 3 

Ward 4 

AVard 5 

Ward 6 

Ward 7 

Ward 8 

Ward 9 

AVard 10 

AVard 11 

Ward L2 

Ward 13 

Ward 14 

AVard 15 

Ward 16 

AVard 17 

AVard 18 

AVard 19 

AVard 20 

Ward 21 

AVard 22 

AVard 23 

Ward 24 

Ward 25 

AVard 26 

AVard 27 

AVard 28 

AVard 29 



Buffalo, N. Y.. 



AA'ashiiifTton, D. C. 

Detroit, Mich 

Milwaukee, Wis... 

Newark, N.J 

Minneapolis, Minn 

Jersev city, N. J ... 

Louisville, Ky 

Omaha, Neb 

Rochester, N. A" 

St. Paul, Minn 

Kansas city, Mo.... 
Providence, R. I ... 

Denver, Colo 

Indianapolis, Ind.. 
Allegheny, Pa 



4,205 


2,518 


1,194 


4,171 


3,667 


406 


2,968 


1,856 


790 


3,501 


2,590 


776 


3,053 


1,749 


1,008 


3,173 


1,785 


970 


5,076 


3,465 


1,364 


5,607 


4,071 


1,230 



1,621 

1,611 
2,238 
1,090 
1,447 
2,540 

2,945 



3,955 
2,866 


3,074 
2,623 
3,867 

20,303 


754 
222 

382 

12,422 


96 
21 .. 

36 !.. 

8,289 


24 






7 
















8 
4,069 




63,530 


6,696 


5,720 


4,332 


1,699 


1,835 
2,479 
1,950 


1,289 

1,770 

184 


386 
356 
228 


108 

138 
258 


32 
80 
216 


5 
45 
330 




15 

55 
305 




24 
300 


11 
129 



2,170 


492 


354 


372 


2,172 


569 


436 


285 


2,372 


618 


430 


375 


2,128 


990 


396 


276 


1,601 


566 


278 


225 


1,786 


348 


382 


339 


2,046 


577 


420 


261 


2,211 


450 


490 


306 


2,651 


628 


458 


363 


3,251 


737 


538 


432 


2,122 


685 


452 


258 


2,016 


1,457 


402 


69 


2,164 


1,424 


486 


129 


1,743 


647 


342 


285 


1,945 


784 


620 


270 


1,491 


872 


390 


111 


1,829 


1,013 


504 


153 


52.535 


43,418 


5,742 


1,707 


53,052 


36,781 


11,562 


2,637 


51,461 


27,813 


13,296 


5,379 


48,582 


39,282 


5,512 


1,722 


45,584 


31,517 


10,230 


2,331 


43,967 


34,624 


6,914 


1,575 


42,209 


32,688 


7,222 


1,650 


41,519 


26,021 


11,168 


2,880 


38,906 


13,703 


11,984 


7,128 


32,901 


19,274 


10,148 


1,884 


34,434 


11,192 


7,764 


4,464 


32,970 


19,881 


7,126 


2,715 


22,485 


18,431 


2,854 


684 


27,312 


21,511 


3,914 


900 


25,832 


17,327 


6,058 


1,245 


26,734 


20,500 


4,142 


1,152 


29,242 


8,754 


14,388 


2,883 


19,730 


16,708 


2,122 


477 


23,063 


19,872 


2,010 


411 


20,805 


13,044 


5,834 


1,380 



DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES IN 1890. 



25 



From this table it is possible to determine relatively for each city the percentage of families living in dwellings 
by themselves, the percentage living two families to a dwelling, and the percentage living three families or more to 
a dwelling. These results, expressed in percentages, are as follows : 



New York 

Chicago 

Philadelphia.. 

Brooklyn 

St. Louis 

Boston 

Baltimore 

Cincinnati 

San Francisco, 

Cleveland 

Buffalo 

New Orleans .. 

Pittsburg 

Washington.... 



PER CENT OF FAMILIES IN 
DWELLINGS ACCORDING TO SPEC- 
IFIED NUMBER OF FAMILIES. 



iruily. 


2 families. 


12.02 


5.90 


35.04 


20.10 


84.64 


10.40 


24. 64 


22.33 


44.46 


32.07 


34.03 


27.91 


09.53 


22.95 


31.00 


19.55 


82.05 


10.93 


69.33 


21.79 


54.05 


25.84 


80.80 


11.34 


09.14 


22.44 


78.75 


15.79 



4.90 
53.03 

23.47 

37.46 
7.52 

48.49 
0.42 
8.88 

20.11 
7.80 
8.42 



Detroit 

Milwaukee.. 

Newark 

Minneapolis 
Jersey city .. 
Louisville .... 

Omaha 

Rochester — 

St. Paul 

Kansas city.. 
Providence... 

Denver 

Indianapolis 
Allegheny.... 



PER CENT OF FAMILIES IN 
DWELLINGS ACCORDING TO SPEC- 
IFIED NUMBER OF I 



17.11 
26.90 

30.80 
30.84 
22.55 
21.61 
12.69 
14.33 
23.45 
15.49 
49.20 
10.76 



3 families 
and over. 



5.15 
10.43 
33.98 
10.58 
44.95 
18.09 
5.34 
0.91 
9.47 
7. S3 
20.86 
4.56 
5.12 



Taking New York city for example, it is seen that only 12.02 per cent of the total number of families in that 
city live in dwellings containing but one faniity, also that 5.90 per cent only live in dwellings containing two 
families each, while 82.08 per cent live in dwellings containing three or more families. In Chicago 35.04 per cent 
of the families live in dwellings by themselves, 26.16 per cent two families to a dwelling, and 38.80 per cent three 
families or more to a dwelling. In Philadelphia, on the other hand, 84.64 per cent of the total number of families 
in that city live in dwellings by themselves, 10.46 per cent two families to a dwelling, and but 4.90 per cent in 
dwellings containing three families or more. Families living in dwellings containing three families or more 
represent in Brooklyn 53.03 per cent of the whole number of families, in St. Louis 23.47 per cent, in Boston 37.46 
per cent, in Baltimore 7.52 per cent, in Cincinnati 48.49 per cent, in Buffalo 20.11 per cent, in Newark 33.98 per 
cent, and in Jersey city 44.95 per cent. 

The results regarding families and dwellings in New York city differ so widely in all respects from those for 
any other city that it is not only interesting but highly instructive to pursue the analysis in detail, by wards 
arranged geographically, as follows : wards 1, 2, and 3, representing the extreme lower end of the city ; wards 4, 6, 
7, 10, 14, 13, 17, and 11, representing the great tenement house districts on the east side below Fourteenth street; 
wards 5, 8, 9, and 15, representing the business districts on the west side below Fourteenth street; wards 16, 18, 20, 
and 21, representing partly business and residence districts between Fourteenth and Fortieth streets, and wards 19, 
22, 12, 23, and 24, representing the residence districts above Fortieth street. 



26 



POPULATION. 



The following table gives for each ward and for each district, as just described, the total population, dwellings, 
and families, the average number of persons and families to a dwelling, and the average number of persons to a 
family : 



"WARDS. 


Total 
popula- 
tion. 


Total 
dwellings. 


Total 

families. 


Average 
persons 

to a 
dwelling. 


Average 
families 

to a 
dwelling. 


Average 
persons 

toa 
family. 


N \ Y rk cit ■ 


1,515,301 


81,828 


312,766 


18.52 


3.82 

3.09 
1.34 
2.35 


4.84 

4.88 
7.37 
8.10 






11,122 

929 

3,765 


736 
94 
198 


2,277 
126 
465 


15.11 
9.88 
19.02 








15,816 

17,809 
23,119 
57,366 
57,596 
28,094 
45,884 
103,158 
75,426 


1,028 

725 
741 
2,113 
1,4% 
S99 
1,431 
3,689 
2,400 


2,868 

3,567 
4,075 
11,580 
11,751 
5,810 
9,580 
23,709 
16,140 


. 15.39 

24.56 
31.20 
27.15 
38.50 
31.25 
32.06 
27.96 
31.43 


2.79 

4.92 
5.50 
5.48 
7.85 
6.46 
0.69 
6.43 
6.73 


5.51 

4.99 
5.67 
4.95 
4.90 
4.84 
4.79 
4.35 
4.67 




















408,452 

12,385 
31,220 
54,425 
25,399 

123,429 

49.134 
63,270 
84,327 
63,019 


13.494 

666 
1,739 
3,557 
1.876 


86,212 

2,481 
6,689 
11,899 

4,580 


30.27 

18.60 
17.95 
15.30 
13.54 


6.39 

3.73 
3.85 
3.35 
2.44 


4.74 

4.99 
4.67 
4.57 
5.55 












7,838 

3,236 
3,373 
4,171 
4,003 


25,649 

10,383 
12,004 
19,042 
12,122 


15.75 

15.18 
18.76 
20.22 
15.74 


3.27 

3.21 
3.56 
4.57 
3.03 


4.81 

4.73 
5.27 
4.43 
5.20 












259,750 

153,877 
234,846 
245,046 
53,948 
20,137 


14,783 

7,766 
12,261 

15,141 
6,242 
3,275 


53,551 

33,198 
45,979 
50,107 
11,484 

3,718 


17.57 

19.81 
19.15 
16.18 
8.64 
6.15 


3.62 

4.27 
3.75 
3.31 
1.84 
1.14 


4.85 

4.64 
5.11 
4.89 
4.70 
5.42 












707,854 


44,685 


144,486 


15.84 


3.23 


4.90 





Briefly analyzed, this table shows that in the lower wards of the city there are, on the average, 15.39 persons 
and 2.79 families to a dwelling ; in the wards on the east side, below Fourteenth street, comprising the great 
tenement house quarter, 30.27 persons and 6.39 families to a dwelling ; in the wards on the west side, below Fourteenth 
street 15.75 persons and 3.27 families to a dwelling ; in the wards between Fourteenth and Fortieth streets 17.57 
persons and 3.62 families to a dwelling, and in the wards above Fortieth street 15.84 persons and 3.23 families to a 
dwelling. 



DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES IN 1890. 



27 



Considering persons to a dwelling in detail, showing for each ward and for each district, as a whole, the number 
and per cent of dwellings containing 1 to 10 persons, 11 to 20 persons, and 21 persons and over, together with the 
number and per cent of pppulation represented in dwellings containing such number of persons, the following table 
is produced: 





DWELLINGS CONTAINING— 


POPULATION OF DWELLINGS CONTAINING — 


WAKDS. 


1 to 10 persons. 


11 to 20 


oersons. 


21 persons and 


1 to 10 persons. 


11 to 20 persons. 


21 persons and 
over. 




Number. 


Per 

eent. 


Number. 


Per 
cent. 


Number. 


Per 

cent. 


Number. 


Per 

cent. 


Number. 


Per 
cent. 


Number. 


Per 
cent. 




41,059 


50.18 


17,173 


20.98 


23,596 


28.84 


250,002 


16.50 


254,513 


16.80 


1,010,786 










455 
68 
101 


61.82 
72.34 
51.01 


122 
16 
43 


16. 5S 
17.02 
21.72 


159 
10 
54 


21.60 
10.64 
27.27 


2,366 
332 
548 


21.27 
35.74 
14.55 


1,846 
233 
643 


16.60 
25.08 
17.08 


6,910 

364 

2,574 










68.37 






624 

281 
26S 
558 
374 
283 
337 
890 
393 


60.70 

38.76 
36.17 
26.41 
25.00 
31.48 
23.55 
24.12 
16.37 


181 

164 
127 
626 
262 
171 
346 
865 
621 


17.61 

22.62 
17.14 
29.63 
17.51 
19.02 
24.18 
23.45 
25.88 


223 

280 
346 
929 
860 
445 
748 
1,934 
1,386 


21.69 

38.62 
46.69 
43.96 
57.49 
49.50 
52.27 
52.43 
57.75 


3,246 

1,679 
1,540 
3,076 
2,330 
1,580 
2,107 
5,643 
2.674 


20.52 

9.43 
6. 06 
6.41 
4.05 
5.62 
4.59 
5.47 
3.55 


2,722 

2,182 
1,965 
9,499 
3,097 
2,557 
5,218. 
13,137 
9,453 


17.21 

13.94 
8.50 
16.56 
6.94 
9.10 
11.37 
12.73 
12.53 


9,848 

13,648 
19,614 
44,191 
51,269 
23,957 
38,559 
84,378 
63,299 








































Total below East 14th street 


3.3S1 

279 

639 

1,684 

1,090 


25.08 

41.89 
36.75 
47.34 
58.10 


3,182 

190 

652 

1,196 

470 


23.58 

28.53 
37.49 
33.63 
25.05 


6,928 

197 
448 
677 
316 


51.34 

29.58 
25.76 
19.03 
16.85 


21,229 

1,718 
4,225 
10,844 
6,018 


5.20 

13.87 
13.53 
19.92 
23.69 


48,308 

2,886 
9,610 
17,242 
7,026 


11.83 

23.30 
30.78 
31.68 
27.66 


338,915 

7,781 
17,385 
26,339 
12,355 


82.97 




















3,692 

1,535 
1,597 
1,518 
2,175 


47.10 

47.44 
47.35 
36.39 
54.34 


2,508 

1,046 
776 

1,205 
894 


32.00 

32.32 
23.00 
28.89 
22.33 


1,638 

655 
1,000 
1,448 

934 


20.90 

20.24 
29.65 
34.72 
23.33 


22,805 

9,723 
10,203 

9,503 
13,337 


18.48 

19.79 
16.13 
11.27 
21.16 


36,764 

15,601 
11,654 
18,226 
13,254 


29.78 

31.75 
18.42 
21.61 
21.03 


63,860 

23,810 
41,413 

56,598 
36,428 


51.74 




48.46 








67.12 












6,825 

3,729 
6,225 
8,567 
4,945 
3,068 


46.17 

48.02 
50.77 
56.58 
79.22 
93.68 


3,921 

1,452 

2,311 

2,522 

912 

184 


26.52 

18.69 
18.85 
16.66 
14.61 
5.62 


4,037 

2,585 

3,725 

4,052 

385 

23 


27.31 

33.29 
30.38 
26.76 
6.17 
0.70 


42,766 

22,845 
39,086 
52,613 
29,050 
16,362 


16.47 

14.85 
16.64 
21.47 
53.85 
81.25 


58,735 

21,813 
34,054 
37,008 
12,625 
2.484 


22.61 

14.17 
14.50 
15.10 
23.40 
12.34 


158,249 

109,219 
161,706 
155,425 
12,273 
1,291 


60.92 




70.98 




68.86 




63.43 




22.75 




6.41 








26,534 


59.38 


7,381 


16.52 


10,770 


24.10 


159,956 


22.60 


107,984 


15.25 


439,914 


62.15 







From this table it is seen that while for the entire city 28.84 per cent of the dwellings contain more than 20 
persons, the per cent for the tenement house wards on the east side, below Fourteenth street, taken collectively, is 
51.34 ; for wards 10 and 11 the percentages are 57.49 and 57.75, respectively. Considered as regards population, the 
results for these same wards as a whole show that dwellings containing more than 20 persons represent 82.97 per 
cent of their total population. In the other districts of the city the per cent of population in dwellings with 21 
persons or more range from very nearly 50 to upward of 70, except in the extreme northern wards, being 22.75 per 
cent for ward 23 and 6.41 per cent for ward 24 ; in ward 2, also, a small ward at the lower end of the city, the per 
cent is only 39.18. 



28 



POPULATION. 



The following table gives the results in detail, by wards, classified as to the per cent of dwellings having one 
family, two families, three to five families, six to nine families, and ten families and over : 



New York city 

Ward 1 

Ward 2 

Ward 3 

Total lower end 

Ward 4 

Ward 6 

Ward 7 

Ward 10 

Ward 14 

Ward 13 

Ward 17 

Ward 11 

Total below East 14th street. 

Ward 5 

Ward 8 

Ward 9 

Ward 15 

Total below West 14th street. 

Ward 16 

Ward 18 

Ward 20 

Ward 21 

Total 14th to 40th streets 

Ward 22 

Ward 19 

Ward 12 

Ward 23 

Ward 24 

Total above 40th street 



1 family. 



11.28 



10.73 
10.61 
15.15 
11.58 
16.28 
8.77 
16.18 
11.43 
11.35 
12.51 
9.92 
9.12 
11.57 
17.12 
19.78 
21.20 
12.47 
18.45 
12.82 
4.47 
12.80 
7.97 
9.60 
7.09 
8.37 
9.48 
22.73 
7.67 
10.48 



19.56 



12.77 
4.25 
15.66 
12.55 
22.75 
20.65 
32.47 
18.98 
19.80 
28.37 
23.34 
33.50 
26.21 
26.43 
35.83 
28.68 
17.38 
27.37 
25.74 
16.28 
29.97 
16.79 
22.35 
18.52 
16.78 
17.16 
11.63 
2.14 
15.42 



2.13 
5. 56 
7.39 
12.69 
16.06 
13.96 
13.90 
13.79 
17.12 
19.49 
23.25 
17.49 
13.36 
11.39 
7.98 
6.56 
8.85 
9.52 
12.72 
15.53 
10.92 
12.32 
14.16 
14.24 
14.88 
4.25 
0.09 
12.01 



10 families 
and over. 



7.8 



3.53 

6.32 
16.28 
18.22 
18.36 
35.90 
28.03 
26.63 
26.30 
23.21 
24.74 
7.96 
7.24 
6.86 
3.41 
6.21 
6.43 
10.29 
13.38 
6.71 
9.36 
14.05 
10.36 
6.62 
0.53 
0.06 
7.61 



Dwellings containing ten families or more represent 24.74 per cent of all the dwellings in the wards on the east 
side below Fourteenth street, the highest percentage for any one ward being 35.90 for ward 10. In the remaining 
districts the per cent of dwellings having ten families or more does not exceed 10 per cent in any case, although in 
wards 18 and 19 it is a trifle more than 10 per cent, in ward 20 over 13 per cent, and in ward 22 over 14 per cent. 



DWELLINGS AND FAMILIES IN 1890. 



29 



The per cent of families in dwellings according to specified number of families is shown for each ward and 
district in New York city as follows : 



WARDS. 


PER CENT OF FAMILIES IN DWELLINGS ACCORDING 
TO SPECIFIED NUMBER OF FAMILIES. 


1 family. 


2 families. 


3 to 5 
families. 


6 to 9 
families. 


10 families 
and over. 




12.02 


5.90 


19.27 


24.21 


38.60 




19.41 
61.91 
25.59 
22.23 
0.50 
0.00 
3.47 
2.52 
4.18 
2.30 
3.26 
1.02 
3.13 
9.43 
0.70 
10.55 
24.65 
11.95 
14.18 
15.80 
6.20 
19.02 
12.80 
10.80 
13.40 
15.07 
33.08 
79.32 
16.85 


0.94 
15.87 
12.90 
8.30 
6.62 
3.19 
5.91 
2.91 
3.51 
3.74 
3.09 
2.71 
3.62 
9.19 
10.29 
12.67 
10.22 
11.28 
7.99 
2.51 
5.61 
5.26 
5.30 
3.32 
4.46 
5.73 
24.71 
13.50 
6.48 


15.90 
10.32 
25.16 
17.16 
17.49 
14.45 
21.99 

9.13 
11.81 
15.93 
13.95 
19.07 
15.58 
26.44 
34.25 
30.74 
26.09 
30.41 
29.95 
17.24 
24.40 
21.28 
23.17 
10.39 
17.15 
19.90 
22.46 

6.03 
18.08 


19.98 
11.90 
16.13 
19.00 
18.87 
21.23 
18.77 
13.22 
15.05 
19.10 
22.63 
25.29 
20.24 
25.72 
21.12 
17.19 
19.28 
19.41 
21.16 
25.96 
24.52 
25.82 
24.48 
24.51 
2S.21 
33.21 
16.10 
0.59 
27.43 


37.77 






20.22 
33.20 
50.52 
54.53 
49.80 
72.22 
64.85 
58.93 
57.07 
51.31 
57.43 
29.22 
27.04 
28.85 
19.76 
26.95 
26.72 
38.49 
39.27 
28.62 
34.25 
44.98 
36.78 
25.43 
3.59 
0.50 
31.10 






















Ward 5 






Total below West 14th street 

























In the great tenement house district on the east side 3.13 per cent only of families live in dwellings by 
themselves, 3.62 per cent live two families to a dwelling, 15.58 per cent three to five families to a dwelling, 20.24 
per cent six to nine families to a dwelling, and 57.43 per cent ten families and upward to a dwelling. In the 
remaining districts from one-fourth to one-third of the families live in dwellings containing ten families or more. 

If similar statistics derived from the returns of the Tenth Census (1880) had been compiled for New York city 
by wards, comparative tables could be made, from which exceedingly valuable conclusions could be reached. As it 
is, the conditions of life revealed by the census of 1890 regarding New York city must be accepted as being in 
themselves strongly indicative of the great changes which have taken place since 18S0 in the growth of its business 
interests below Fortieth street and the consequent exclusion of population to a very considerable extent. The 
suburban cities and towns contiguous to New York on the east and west have profited to a very large extent by 
this phenomenal growth of business in New York city, and while the great metropolitan district as a whole has 
shown a remarkable increase in population since 1880, almost all the increase in New York city itself during the 
decade has been in the wards located above Fortieth street. The figures just presented furnish almost unmistakable 
proofs that population in the districts below Fortieth street has reached its maximum, and that in 1900 New York 
must expect a very material decline in population in this part of its territory at least, however great and gratifying 
may be the increase in the more northern wards, which are at present almost wholly resident sections, and in which 
there has been since 18S0 an increase of over 80 per cent in population. 

KOBEKT P. PORTER, 

Superintendent of Census. 

The Secretary of the Interior. 



[