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Full text of "Extra census bulletin"

JV°. 



*MA20I . 1B90.A2 



Apr. 1892 
S8kV\Auq. IB 




94 






L 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Boston Public Library 



http://www.archive.org/details/extracensusbulle67unit 



Extra Census Bulletin. 



No. 67. WASHINGTON, D. C. March 15, 1894. 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, 

Census Office, 
Washington, D. C, February 20, 1804. 

Sir: 

I have the honor to transmit the accompanying bulletin, which presents preliminary totals for all classes of 
mechanical and manufacturing industries in the United States, as prepared by the Division of Manufactures. 

Very respectfully, 

CARROLL D. WRIGHT, 

Commissioner of Lnbor in charge. 

The Secretary of the Interior. 



STATISTICS OF MANUFACTURES. 

TOTALS FOR THE UNITED STATES: 1890. 



With the exception of mining and quarrying, which forms the subject of a separate report, this bulletin 
presents for the United States and for each state and territory the statistics concerning all classes of mechanical 
and manufacturing industries as reported at the Eleventh Census. The data are also presented by specified 
industries for the United States. The tabular statements include ouly establishments which reported a product of 
$500 or more in value during the census year ending May 31, 1890. The tables show: 1st, capital, excluding the 
value of hired property, under the subheads of land; buildings; machinery, tools, and implements, and live assets; 
2d, miscellaneous expenses; 3d, average number of employes and total wages, the employes being subdivided into 
classes of officers, firm members and clerks; operatives, skilled and unskilled, and pieceworkers, the males, females, 
and children of each class being shown separately; 4th, cost of materials used; 5th, value of products. The figures 
are preliminary and subject to modification for final report. 

It was found impracticable to make a complete canvass of the entire United States for the collection of statistics 
pertaining to the generation of electricity for lighting and power purposes; the data concerning this industry are, 
therefore, confined to the state of New York, the city of St. Louis, Mo., and the District of Columbia. A large 
number of reports were received from dentists, which purported to represent only the mechanical work, but it was 
evident that in many cases operative dentistry had been included. This fact, combined with the strenuous objection 
on the part of the profession to give any information whatever of the character required by the census schedule, on 
the ground that the census law did not seek to secure the returns for professional services, caused the office to 
discontinue its efforts to obtain further reports for the mechanical branch of the profession. The statistics published 
are those which were secured prior to the objection referred to. 

The fact that the agents of the Census Office experienced in some cases great difficulty in obtaining reports from 
large manufacturers who refused or neglected to comply with the requirements of the law, has caused the totals 
stated in some instances to be less than they would have been had these reports been included, but these omissions 
are comparatively few in number, and affect the statistical value of the data but slightly. 

The individual returns were classified according to the product of chief value, but some of the differences, which 
will appear upon comparison of these data with corresponding classes reported at the census of 1880, are due to 
changes in the classification. Great care has been exercised in assigning the individual reports to the different 

C. O. P.— 10m 



2 STATISTICS OF MANUFACTURES. 

classes, and copious cross references are made in the case of those general classes in which some of the products are 
common. "When different branches of the same industry follow immediately in alphabetical order, these cross 
references have been omitted. 

"When two or more plants owned by the same corporation, firm, or individual are located in the same county 
or city, and engaged in the same industry, they are tabulated and counted as one establishment. 

Owing to changes in the form of inquiry and the inclusion at the Eleventh Census of certain industries omitted 
at the census of 1880, the data reported at the two census periods can not be considered as an exact indication of 
the growth of manufacturing and mechanical industries during the decade. 

The following comparative summary shows the totals for the "United States in all classes of manufactures as 
reported for the two census periods : 

COMPARATIVE SUMMARY OF TOTALS FOR THE UNITED STATES : 1890 AND 1880. 



1890 



Number of establishments reporting 355,401 253,852 

Capital 56,524,475,305 82,790,272,606 

Miscellaneous expenses S630.944.058 (a) 

Average number of employes (aggregate) 4,711,832 2,732,595 

Total wages $2,282,823,265 5947,953,795 

Officers, firm members, and clerks — 

Average number 461,049 (/>) 

Total wages 5391,914,518 (6) 

All other employes — 

Average number 4,250,783 iM 

Total wages 51,890,908,747 (b) 

Cost of materials used 55,158,868,353 53,396,823,549 

Value of products 89,370,107,624 55,369,579,191 

a This item was not reported at the census of 1880. 
b Not reported separately at the census of 1880. 

The following industries were omitted at the census of 18S0, but are included in the totals presented for 1890, 
viz: bottling; cars and general shop construction and repairs by steam railroad companies; china decorating; 
clothing, women's, dressmaking; coffins and burial cases, trimming and finishing; cotton cleaning and rehandling ; 
cotton ginning; cotton waste; drug grinding; druggists' preparations, not including prescriptions; gas, illuminating 
and heating ; hay and straw baling; and millinery, custom work. Petroleum refining formed the subject of a 
separate report at the census of 1880 and the statistics were not included in the report on manufactures. 

The true increase during the decade is more nearly shown by the following comparative table, in which the 
statistics for 1890 do not include the data for the industries enumerated above, with the exception of petroleum 
refining, and in which the statistics for 1880 have been perfected by the inclusion of petroleum refining and the 
elimination of certain data duplicated under the head of "Mixed textiles" : 

COMPARATIVE SUMMARY OF TOTALS, "WITH PERCENTAGE OF INCREASE, FOR THE UNITED STATES : 1890 AND 1880. 



increase. 



Number of establishments reporting 322,624 

Capital „ 56,138,716,604 

Miscellaneous expenses 5615,056,643 

Average number of employes (aggregate) 4,476,094 

Total wages 82,171 ,356,919 

Officers, firm members, and clerks- 
Average number 426,139 

Total wages 5372,005,001 

All other employes- 
Average number 4,049,955 

Total wages 81,799,351,918 

Cost of materials used 55,018,277,603 

Value of products 89,054,435,337 



253,502 

82,780,766,895 

(*> 

2,700,732 

8939,462,252 

tc) 
(<0 

(<•) 

(c) 
83,395,925,123 
85,349,191,458 



47.77 
69.27 



a The difference between the totals stated in the table and those published in the reports 
of the Tenth Census is caused by the elimination or data duplicated under the head of 
" Mixed textiles ", such data having been included in the totals for the different branches of 
the textile industry, also by the inclusion of petroleum refining. 

b This item was not reported at the census of 1880. 

c Not reported separately at the census of 1880. 



TOTALS FOR THE UNITED STATES. 3 

It will be observed that the item " Miscellaneous expenses " is given for 1890 only. No previous census inquiry 
has embraced the cost incurred in manufacturing operations other than wages and materials used. With the 
exception of a few special inquiries the question used at the census of 1880 concerning " Capital " was as follows: 
" Capital (real and personal) invested in the business ". The inquiry at the Eleventh Census was more in detail and 
intended to include all the property or assets strictly pertaining to a manufacturing business. 

The questions respecting employes and wages used at the Tenth Census generally called only for the "greatest 
number of bands employed at any one time during the year ", also " the average number of hands employed " without 
designating the different classes. The question used at the Eleventh Census required the average number of 
employes to be reported by classes of officers and firm members ; clerks ; operatives, skilled and unskilled ; and 
pieceworkers. 

The cost of materials used is the reported cost at the place of consumption. The value of products is the 
reported value at the factory of the total product for the year, not including any allowance for commissions or 
expenses of selling. The products of one industry frequently become the materials for another, the repetition being 
continued through several processes of manufacture, thus constantly adding to the total value of products by the 
duplication and inclusion of the cost of the original materials. This duplication is unavoidable and is statistically 
correct, but the reported aggregate value of products can not be considered as a correct indication of the 
contribution to the wealth of the country by manufacturing processes. 

The total value of products reported for the United States is $9,370,107,621 ; but the contribution to the wealth 
of the country is more nearly shown by deducting from this amount $5,158,868,353, the cost of the materials used, 
leaving $4,211,239,271 as the increased value of the raw materials. 

The difference between the apparent cost and the value of manufactured product can not be taken as indicating 
the profit or earnings of capital, because many items of expense enter into the mercantile portion of the business, 
which branch is not within the scope of the census inquiry. The data furnished in the reports relating to 
depreciation of manufacturing plants are not sufficient to form a basis for correct computations, and therefore are 
omitted from these tables. 

Table 1 presents the total for all classes of mechanical and manufacturing industries in the United States and 
in each state and territory as reported at the Eleventh Census. Table 2 presents these statistics for the United 
States and for each class of industry for which three or more establishments were reported as being in operation 
during the census year. Industries in which less than three establishments were reported are grouped in order to 
avoid disclosing the operations of individual establishments. 



4 STATISTICS OF MANUFACTURES. 

Table 1.— THE UNITED STATES, BY 

("Live assets includes raw materials ; stock in process and finished products on hand, and cash, bills, and accounts receivable. Miscellaneous expenses includes 
L J used in the business, and all sundries not elsewhere reported. Cost of 




27 Mis 

28 Montana. 

29 Nebraska 

30 Nevada. 

31 New Hampshire. 

32 , New Jersey 

33 New Mexico 

34 New York 

35 North Carol 

36 North Dakota 



42 South Carolina 

43 South Dakota. 

44 Tennessee. 

45 ' Texas. 

46 Utah. 

47 Vermont 

48 Virginia.. 

49 Washington.... 

50 West Virginia 

51 w; 

52 Wy 



TOTALS FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



STATES AND TERRITORIES: 1890. 



ent for tenancy ; taxes (including internal revenue) ; insur 
uaterials used includes fuel ; rent of power and heat, and i 



rdinary, of buildings 



uterest paid on cash 



AVERAGE NUMBER OP EMPLOYES AND TOTAL WAGES — continued. 



Officers, firm 
members, and 
clerks — Cont'd. 



Operatives, skilled and unskilled. 



Cost of 

materials 

used. 



Females above 
15 years. 



Males above 
16 years. 



Females above 
15 years. 



Num- 
ber. 



43,035 519,852,079 2881,439 81136,317,558 505,516 $139,283,393 101,471 814,699,217 



27,399 12,725 
590,912 50,569 



89,403 
357,799 

56,974 
157,288 

29,655 

119,034 

1,010 

1,563,914 

430,195 



215,994 
124,624 
479,554 
124,292 
192,719 

229,636 
2,4S2,743 
414,703 
561,436 
11,796 

721,512 
14,098 
117,897 
4,247 
193,110 



415,256 106,282 



5,122,282 
27,710 
6,568 



58,566 

1,418,689 

337,270 

61,042 

3,665 

101,317 

152,731 

19,905 

63,561 
1 16,820 

27,136 

61,614 
436,446 

10,988 



12.S99 
83,895 
14,586 
15,800 
8,512 

40,903 



146 

41,418 

23,022 
39,082 
15,998 
40,714 

52,404 
250,871 
118,303 
59,610 
11,679 

90,786 
2,105 
17,434 



21,252 
1,331 



4,714 2,009,527 209,151 



14,694 
403,607 
46,655 

15,901 
1,769 
30,519 
29,978 
3,363 

17,795 
34,983 
17,181 
14,963 



8,835,749 1,114 

45,553,505 23,095 

7,071,775 ! 2,009 

9,732,366 2,599 

3,569,122 ; 715 



1,831 



1,543 
5,385 
2,836 
11,923 

14,564 
88,382 
8,369 
4,176 



12,335,399 

246,292 

116,890,314 

34,068,840 

67,114 

17,830,055 
11,771,341 
16,189,472 
6,941.230 
15,483,715 

23,547,944 
135,516,487 
46.062,636 
26,517,634 
3,717,054 

48,277,497 

1,432,779 

9,420,237 
328,854 
13,632,029 16,326 

58,833,756 ! 23,022 I 

448,306 I 9 

263,838,516 107,857 

4,904,628 5,174 

688,515 jj 83 

102,397,767 jj 24,943 

50,260 II 3 

8,856,556 ! 649 

206,316,258 53,778 

23,248,561 : 20,940 

4,299,473 3,476 

759,556 123 

11,827,698 2,631 

13.694,480 1,592 

1,871,258 417 

7,139,505 2,145 I 

12,199,488 5,947 

10,307,160 455 

5,611,054 912 

36,341.738 6,670 

726,217 , 57 



385,534 1,344 



4,435 

87,800 

2,130,192 

470,557 
6,753,854 

392,496 
1,092,106 

217,358 

1,066,618 

3,835 

6,928,495 

1,429,496 

784 

734,687 
323,963 

1,233,275 
601,893 

3,169,104 

3,223,922 
26,419,831 
1,796,396 
1,187,726 
197,458 



3,230 

32,358,000 

745,701 

22,155 



234,946 
14,671,194 
5,999,522 



31,366 
538,573 
432,508 
113,368 

626,679 
864,602 
176,732 
167,964 
1,456,403 
16,265 



1,513 

272 

2,759 



3,397 
7,757 
2.326 



3,110,395 


3,105 


35,044 


11 


332,654 


611 


2,826 


1 


4,774,664 


1,387 


6,297,979 


4,771 



315,547 

1,810 

720,182 

375,257 

574 

178,638 
70,576 

227,070 
59,523 

166,774 

332,789 

1,323,199 

292,169 

92,223 



475,871 

2,608 

84,086 

120 

212,720 



710,260 

15 2,322 
10,470 1,621,250 

3,755 322,426 

16 2,758 

5,406 836,088 

11 1,016 

197 I 31,840 

19,580 2,984,454 

5,625 | 894,645 

2,264 I 217,274 
35 3,544 
1,333 150,355 
122,800 
25,581 



343 



52,152 
226,202 

22,761 
102,167 

212.519 



Males above 
16 years. 



Females above 
15 years. 



445,757 8222,671,209 296,847 875,781,399 16,723 82155,971 



Value of 
produets, 
including 

receipts 
from cus- 
tom work 

and 
repairing. 



85158,868,353 89370,107,624 | 1 



215 31,076 



17,423 
1,633 
1,254 
3,027 



2,792 
1,824 
6,865 



14,857 
54,599 
14,873 
4,390 



3,120 

171,885 

4,674,798 

473,532 

9,669,768 

931,074 

992,426 

1,893,862 

640,892 

3,970 

15,706,156 

5,661,209 

4,750 



5,501,876 
28,166,329 
5,870,016 
2,293,977 
121,196 

6,212,231 
173,217 
387,394 
44,735 

2,074,694 

13,353,442 
12,799 

48,830,785 
355,794 
44,664 



1,060 
57,265 
3,029 



2,095 
1,865 



1,190 
5,681 



41,706 
3,944,039 

83,848 
424,134 
207,197 



1,167 232.188 



9,221 2,563,656 
5,468 ! 1,008,791 



1,787 265,119 

969 160,758 

2,855 607,239 

3,962 581,336 
9,128 I 1,721,956 

11,868 1,785,626 

44,541 14,126,375 

4,488 924,057 

854 273,614 

407 64,068 



6,541 



1,477,304 
8,765 
44,306 



4,607 1,198,685 jj 282 



13,893 3,468.619 

7 3,704 

86,493 23,348,915 

1,053 163,156 

2 1,040 



35,449 15,761,149 16,588 3,536,747 '| 1,145 



376,052 
30,271,937 
1,666,628 

216,964 
36,120 
875,364 
829,558 
170,056 

447,570 

1,819,592 

495,336 

935,743 

3,942,838 

41,765 



157 59,550 

33,256 8,686,445 

4,662 1,398,457 

299 68,258 

6 1,978 

642 140,495 

371 64,127 

68 9,749 



88,219 

979,610 

1,940 



66,521 
13,013 
1,060 
9,467 



18,521 
4,923 
36,770 
10,950 

77,475 



24,695 
5,022 
1,253 



28,432,281 

30,198 

353,814 

12,397.261 

120,241,025 

20,848,516 
123,183,080 
21,161,752 
17.194,666 
8,021,854 

35,774,480 

638,673 

529,019,089 

130,119,106 

127,864 

79,292,407 
78,845,167 
61,588,583 
33,282,724 
51,520,589 

92,059,390 
473,199,434 
151,521,918 
118,481,941 

10,064,897 

177,107,885 

2,375,093 

67,334,532 

439,058 

47,754,152 



51,226,605 2 

58,440 I 3 

947,547 4 

22,659,179 ; 5 

213,404,096 6 

42,480,205 ' 7 

248,336,364 j 8 

37,571,848 ! 9 

39,331,437 10 

18,222,890 1 11 

68,917.020 12 

1,396,096 13 

91)8,610,280 14 

226,825,082 15 

248,932 16 

125,049,183 17 

110,219,805 18 

126,719,857 19 

57,806,713 20 

95,689,500 21 

171,842,593 22 

888.160,403 23 

277,896,706 24 

192.033,478 25 

18,705,834 26 

323,897,688 27 

5,507,573 28 

93,037,794 29 

1,105,063 30 

85,770,549 31 



188,960,704 353,179,917 32 

691,420 1,516,195 33 

871,264,085 1,711,577,671 34 

22,789,187 I 40,375,450 35 

3,087,161 5,028,107 36 

341,016,464 641,688,064 37 

56,518 180,445 38 

21,793,578 41,432,174 39 

773,530,105 1,331,523,101 40 

76,253,023 142,500,625 41 



18,873,666 
3,523,810 
40,463,782 
36,152,308 
4,252,030 

20,433,174 
50,148,285 
19,917.057 
23,729,089 
145,437,016 
1,084,432 



31,926,681 42 
5,682,748 ! 43 

72,355,286 44 

70,433,551 45 

8,911,047 46 

38,340,066 47 

88,363,824 48 

41,768,022 49 

38,702,125 50 

248,546,164 51 

2,367,601 52 



STATISTICS OF MANUFACTURES. 



Table 2.— THE UNITED STATES, BY 



■ materials; stock in process and finished products < 



hand, and cash, bills, and accounts receivable- Miscellaneous expenses includes 
used in the business, and all sundries not elsewhere reported. Cost of 



MKCHANU Al. AND M A N t F A CTl' E I N < . IN I >T-TEI I-S 



Num- 
ber of 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 

port- 



Value of plant. 



Machin- 

Total. Land. Buildings. ery ' *? ols ' 

and lm- 



1 Agricultural implements 910 8145,313,997 831,811.412 36,246,748 813,671,576 811,893,088 

2 Ammunition 35 4,368,529 2,398,483 453,045 1,046,593 898,845 

3 Artificial feathers and flowers. (See also Mil- 251 3,081,828 391,734 105,900 60,000 225 834 

linery and lace goods.) 

4 Artificial limbs. (See also Surgical appliances.) 59 186,896 84,385 13 110 8,150 63 125 

5 Artists' materials 39 361,460 119,095 27,125 27,510 64,460 

6 Awnings, tents, and sails 581 3,063,009 422,538 93,560 78,400 250,578 

7 Axlegrease.. 31 451,228 195,217 71,000 63,600 60,617 

8 Babbitt metal and solder 36 954,654 256,475 101.550 88,350 66 575 

9 Bagging, flax, hemp, and jute 1« 3,332,102 1,964,200 202.800 462,400 1,299,000 

10 Bags, other than paper 64 6,015,685 1,740,190 264,700 455,400 1,020,090 

11 Bags, paper 56 2.321,797 879,460 71,239 112,850 695,371 

12 Baking and yeast powders 150 3,587,919 976,593 257,170 319,575 399,848 

13 Baskets and rattan and willow ware. (See 403 2,702,713 852,325 168,243 340,875 343,207 

also Whalebone and rattan.) 

14 Bellows 17 146,044 43,775 8,550 12,900 22,325 

15 Bells. (See also Foundry and machine shop 22 590,420 230,880 70,300 72,890 87,690 

products.) 

16 Belting and hose, leather 93 4,973,420 1,088,371 255,700 299,800 532,871 

17 Belting and hose, linen 9 795,909 430,530 66,000 107,600 256.930 

18 Belting and hose, rubber 17 5,270,068 1,935,943 487,070 492,991 955,882 

19 Bicycle and tricycle repairing 83 1 172,070 78,808 6,400 7,300 65,108 

20 Bicycles and tricycles 27 2,058,072 926,421 22,650 339,371 564,400 

21 Billiard tables and materials 57 1,456,624 380,070 97,000 91,000 192,070 

22 Blacking. (See also Cleansing and polishing 71 1,403,087 431,396 57,765 79,725 293,906 

preparations.) 

23 Blacksmithingandwheelwrighting. (Seealso 28,000 34,500,139 20,524,743 7,282,284 7,588,296 5,654,163 

Carriages and wagons, including custom 
work and repairing.) 

24 Bluing 53 184,472 52,817 11,520 12,220 29,107 

25 Bone, ivory, and lamp black. (See also Paints.) 24 1,627,651, 1,216,408 618,900 306,333 291,175 

26 Bookbinding and blank-book making. (See 805 10,062,031 4,321,702 215,245 258,438 3,848,019 

also Printing and publishing.) 

27 Boot and shoe cut stock 344 5,401,834 787,354 104,595 189,325 493,434 

28 Boot and shoe findings 138 1 1,793,123 627,562 97,215 124,305 406,042 

29 Boot and shoe uppers 317 1,216.026 334,097 83,700 90,240 160,157 

30 Boots and shoes, custom work and repairing... 20,803 , 14,230,081 8,296,361 2,886,383 3,233,353 2,176,625 

31 Boots and shoes, factory product 2,082 95,282,311 21,527,403 2 190,160 5,463,879 13,873,364 

32 Boots and shoes, rubber 11: 17,790,970 3,515,202 463,615 1,664,992 1,386,595 

33 Bottling. (See also Liquors, malt; Mineral 716 5,656,705 3,195,945 940,077 906,819 1,349,049 

and soda waters.) 

34 Boxes, cigars 291 '. 3,374,451 1,371,787 260,615 317,865 793,307 

35 Boxes, fancy and paper. (See also Fancy 588 9,277,973 3,954,674 533,730 . 863,089 2,557,855 

articles, not elsewhere specified.) 

36 Boxes, wooden packing. (See also Lumber, 636, 13,018,456 6,170,885 1,668,733 1,637,719 2,864,433 

planing mill products, including sash, doors, 
and blinds.) 

37 Brass 14 1,208,619 861,735 106,800 330,800 424,135 

38 Brass and copper, rolled 16 8,041,593 3,423.815 510,000 1,380,815 1,533,000 

39 Brass castings and brass finishing. (Seealso 453 18,663,286 8,451,459 1,842,848 2,440,097 4,168,514 

Bronze castings; Plumbers' supplies.) 

40 Brassware 113 10,866,001 4,153,067 626,250 1,255,465! 2,271,352 

41 Bread and other bakery products 10,484' 45,758,489 30,283,790 9,480,559 ' 11,555,107 9,248,124 

42 Brick and tile. (See also Clay and pottery 5,828 82,578,566 53,629,375 21,031,133 14,601,046 17,997,196 

products.) 

43 Bridges 137 10,960,218 4,251,486 755,768 978.252 2,517,466 

44 Bronze castings. (See also Brass castings and 14 710,190 217,002 71,219 44,539 101,244 

brass finishing.) 

45 Brooms and brushes _ 1,235 7,743,832 2,269,507 575,470 853,450 840,587 

46 Buttons 106 3,089,265 1,262,943 98,664 208,185 956,094 

47 Calcium lights 15 73,402 51,818 5,000 2,000 44,818 

48 Cardboard. (See also Paper.) 5 616,548 282,063 30,000 74,898 177,165 

49 Card cutting and designing 26 89,584 41,107 3,050 2,200 35,857 

50 Carpentering 16,917 81,542,845 22,347,004 7,986,520 6,940,728; 7,419,756 

51 Carpets and rugs, other than rag. (See also 173 38,208,842 17,375,384 2,884,139 5,559,458 8,931,787 

Woolen goods ) 

52 Carpets, rag 354 975,381 611,805 217,288 283,145 111,372 

53 Carpets, wood 6 333,000 210,850 75,000 57,000 78,850 

54 Carriage and wagon materials 539, 13,028,161 5,915,063 994,335 1,655,968 3,264,760 

55 Carnages and sleds, children's 87 3,158,412 1,122,872 283,200 451,460 388,212 

56 Carriages and wagons, including customwork 8,614 104,210,602 39,732,196 13,443,756 17,386,952 8, 901, -488 

and repairing. (See also Blacksmithing 
and wheelwrighting.) 



AVERAGE Nt 
OF EMPLOYES AND 
TOTAL WAGES. 



Miscel- 
laneous 
expenses. 



5113,502,585 
1,970,016 
2,690,094 



■11,129,548 
292,856 
320,446 



42,544 821,811,761 
2,267 1,110,482 
6,835 2,681,185 



2,640,471 

256,011 

698,179 

1,367,902 

4,275,495 


325,853 
50,158 
49,866 
122,272 
346,889 


3,872 

194 

261 

3,149 

3,769 


2,208,235 
135,109 
188,229 
905,213 

1,462,011 


1,442,337 
2.611,326 
1,850,388 


216,584 
705,991 
250,471 


1,382 
1,867 
3,732 


580,092 
1,001,130 
1,269,135 


102,269 
359,540 


13,655 
36,658 


101 
430 


62,483 
237,227 


3,885,049 

365,379 

3,334,125 

93,262 

1,131,651 


268,278 
46,332 

282,543 
24,067 

242,018 


1,621 
292 

1.915 
306 

1,925 


1,114,754 
153,366 

1,043,768 
161,683 

1.105,728 


1,076,554 
971,691 


142,431 
264,715 


1,157 
1,039 


870,480 
561,614 


13,975,396 


2,510,586 


50,867 


26,796,927 


131,625 
411,243 


21,736 
84,872 


232 
385 


104,194 
216,288 


5,740,332 


1,214,297 


13,815 


6,903,951 



4,614,480 

1,165,561 

881,929 

5,933,720 


411,472 

163,865 

125,707 

2,786,701 


5,503 
2,283 
2,110 
35,046 


2,323,271 

771,937 

1.089.S23 

16,559,242 


73,754,908 
14,275,768 
2,460,760 


9,217,519 
943,918 
728,173 


139,333 
9,264 
3,929 


66,375,076 
3,966,875 
2,271,355 


2,002,664 
5,323,299 


337,496 
941, 49S 


5,537 
19,954 


2,134,383 
6,869,900 


6,847,571 


1,011,900 


13,922 


6,477,125 


346,884 
4,617,778 
10,211,827 


53,016 

321,793 

1,222,989 


819 
2,801 
11,903 


436,569 
1,577,778 
6,922,489 


6,712,934 


844,475 


7,518 


4,057,058 


15,474,699 
2S, 949, 191 


6,388,722 
5,108,769 


52,762 
109,151 


28,789,047 
32,695,189 


6,708,732 
493,188 


652,947 
6S.001 


8,921 
311 


5,681,364 
253,835 


5,474,325 


611,554 


10,984 


4,317,026 


1,826,322 

21,584 

334,485 

48,477 

59,195,811 


256,846 

6,696 

38,281 

9,789 

10,945,617 


4,036 

97 

223 

214 

140,021 


1,673,876 

49,570 

139,782 

106,583 

94,524,197 


20,833,458 


1,819,441 


29,121 


11,633,116 


363,576 

122,150 

7,113,098 

2,035,540 

64,478,406 


78,132 

41,781 

821,743 

248,126 

6,022,972 


1,764 

328 

10,928 

2,936 
73,453 


650,119 

155,396 

5,208,427 

1,330,955 

40,198,522 



SPECIFIED INDUSTRIES: 1890. 



vent for tenancy; luxes (including internal revenue); insurance; repairs, 
materials used includes fuel ; rent of power and heat, and mill supplies.] 



TOTALS FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



, of buildings and ] 



it paid contractors; interest paid ( 



AVERAGE NUMBER OF 



TOTAL WA'.KS 



Operatives, skilled and unskilled. 



Males above 16 Females above Males above 16 Females above 
years. 15 years. years. 15 years. 



r " Wages. ber " Wages. ber i Wages. 



3,529 
104 


$3,615,117 
137,121 


405 


518,265 


84 
58 


85,472 
59,789 


720 

68 
86 
42 


619,038 
73,467 

102,680 
56,831 


225 


253,414 


172 
396 
414 


174,610 
415,575 
258,559 


20 


16,224 


53 


41,520 


270 
18 

100 
91 


330,309 
29,322 

154,464 
58,792 


123 


121,148 


138 
191 


164,560 
223,092 



,550 30,435 813,907,522 84 

,410 1,371 774,259 616 

,014 642 318,906 2,949 



66,842 21 



24307 13,287.010 



1,273 1,357,705 

474 417,730 

195 172,459 

568 406,910 

18142 9,165,581 

5,074 5,456,387 

111 143,554 

870 749,909 



16589 I.",, 132,5X3 



297,546 128 



,9,017 7,453,142 177 



5,768 
11,314 
6,555 



1,242,534 958 

58,752 9 

83,207 3 

485,443 1,416 

524,045 1,168 

230,918 j 536 

422,269 501 

529,342 261 



$18,642 
167,747 
934,474 



130,403 
127,142 
57,654 



3.S30 1,281 767,023 

520 101 73,992 

6,284 1,724 846,630 

750 ] 205 I 100,817 

2,566 '), 1,703 , 902,376 

720 l| 943 i 605,583 

7,320 335 192,791 

10,179 25,634 13,265,567 



37,763 6,041 3,500.596 4,371 



1,190,961 
329,159 
401,465 



14,510 2,399 

3,405 689 

10,145 746 

34,728 10,345 



251,544 42,487 22,713,979 15941 



9.354 

28,688 



10,238 4,780,116 415 



Num- 
ber. 



51,188 
3,807 



5,096,687 
286,033 
14,200 



386,460 
1,158,597 
5,177,7.31 



2,463,037 842 236,385 



14,635 
6,028 



3,795 
1,107 



11,775 
6,416 
80,079 



120735 
11,619 



7,888 
2,067 

55,:32S 



1, Cur,, 716 891 



633,46.3 
33,552 
85,532 
62,093 
78,2.37,256 



200,755 
401,12.3 



19,210 
8,744 
7,961 



182,793 

135,032 

3,430,243 

949,728 

28,391,194 



26,362 
1,900 
55,382 
57,078 
135,701 



Pieceworkers 



Males above 16 | Females above 
years. 15 years. 



Cost of 

materials 

used. 



Value of 
products, 
including 
receipts 
from cus- 
tom work 

and 
repairing. 



$31,241 
1,701 
6,242 



Num-i , Ir Nurn- ,„ Num- 

ber. Wa S es - ber. Wa S es - ber. 



5,550,234 10745 3,445,426 1,806 



7,892 54,091,128 204 
10 3,500 138 
337 108,500 2,370 



175 



£56,911 
21,394 
756,684 



250 
35,670 



8 $1,650 $31,603,265 $81,271,651 
14 1,350 2,759,782 , 6,538,959 
12 1,100 4,645,850 ' 9,078,683 



200 4, 150, ISO 7,829,003 

401,897 846,459 

136 | ! i 2,385,894 2,905,102 

| 73 26,152 ! 2,520,995 3,852,440 

,415 | 690 174,961 206 32,966 12,657,270 16,355,365 



1,896 
2,984 
18,322 

1,545 
750 

2,716 
506 

1,664 
794 

6,746 

233 
9,517 



11,497 
7,875 
3,899 

16,350 



30 7,651 

34 10,936 

1,082 322,300 



1,133 

""5,'SJb" 

500 

69,163 ! 



117 



28,840 
9,910 
65,481 



3,167,717 5,023,793 
4,273,796 7,406,806 
1,398,483 3,633,592 



1,500 6.132,701 

427,815 

20,080 2 400 3,479,538 

i ! 67,332 

3,120 J 718,848 



8,633,634 ]6 

777,942 17 

5,512,840 18 

301,709 19 

2,568,326 20 

2,823,278 21 



656 14,645,090 54,304,639 23 



258,065 1,381 404,601 



271,428 1,203 

79,857 469 

59,207 263 

2,528,142 136 



265.021 
72,112 
88,927 
42,930 



306 6,007,417 17,067,7S0 

6,981 13,744,655 17,903,846 

2,298 1,965,173 3,459,328 

1,983,752 3,671,313 

1,937 10,322,557 34,531,340 



8,296,924 787 240,028 118,785,831 

987,547 1 11,650,787 

75 ! 7,937,001 



120,649,358 
18,632,060 
13,583,418 



115,691 i 1,195 312,370 20 
366,485 7,150 1.813,309 164 



742 118,701 1,002 506,911 



8,576 14,244,503 25,513, ISO 36 



15,975 

142,221 
474,926 



49,546 
11,638 



14,775 
144,396 
389,016 



1,238,549 
172,319 



5,000 
3,000 



1,765,605 
5.493,231 
12,249,607 



2,519,860 
8,381,472 
21,344,434 



173,864 . 278 29,963 
187,778 34 4,708 



7,0S9,202 13,615,172 40 



12,770,146 21,868,068 4.3 
695,485 1,165,163 44 

6,900,553 14,156,383 45 



1,551,603 

35,048 

701,764 

88,186 

137,847,002 



4,216,795 
110,062 

1,070.805 

243,070 

211,195,162 



330,845 
4,714 



900,223 2,331 
85,825 66 



802,823 
9,559 



199 32,708 
6 1,235 



28,644,905 47,770,193 51 



827,314, 

127,604 

3,994,576 



726,419 

210,814 

7,387,904 

1,900,907 

47,805,565 



1,714,480 

511,700 

16,262,293 

4,094,255 

114,570,555 



STATISTICS OF MANUFACTURES. 



Table a.— THE UNITED STATES, BY 



CAPITAL. 



Num- 
ber of 
estab- 
lish- 

MECHANICAL AND MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES. ments 

re- 
] port- 
ing. 



1 Cars and general shop construction and 

repairs by steam railroad companies. 

2 Cars and general shop construction and 

repairs by street railroad companies. 

3 Cars, steam railroad, not including operations 

of railroad companies. 

4 Cars, street railroad, not including operations 

of railroad companies. 

5 Celluloid and celluloid goods 



10 

6 Cheese and butter, urban dairy product 160 

7 Cheese, butter, and condensed milk, factory 4,552 

product. 

8 Chemicals. (See also Fertilizers; Gunpowder; 563 

High explosives ; Paints; Varnish.) 

9 China decorating. (See also Clay and pottery 78 

products.) 
10 Chocolate and cocoa products 



$76,192,477 
2,351,162 
43,641,210 
2,468,315 
2,298,532 
607,590 



Value of plant 



11 Cigar molds 

12 Clay and pottery products. (See also Brick 

and tile.) 

13 Cleansing and polishing preparations. (See 

also Blacking.) 

14 Clock cases and materials. (See also Watch 

and clock materials.) 

15 Clocks 



16,016, 
55,032, 



573 



707 26,127,104 



27 ' 5,727,202 



16 Cloth, sponging and refinishing ■ 23 

17 j Clothing, horse ' 31 

18 Clothing, men's, custom work and repairing... 13,591 

19 Clothing, men's, factory product 4,867 

20 Clothing, men's, factory product, buttonholes.. 200 

21 Clothing, women's, dressmaking 19,587 

22 Clothing, women's, factory product 1,224 

23 ; Coffee and spice, roasting and grinding , 358 

24 ' Coffins and burial cases, trimming and finish- 1,368 
| ing. I 

25 Coffins, burial cases, and undertakers' goods ... 194 

26 Coke 218 

Collars and cuffs, paper 3 

Combs ' 31 

Confectionery 2,921 

Cooperage 2,652 



229,335 

1,028,523 

54,109,273 

128,253,547 

190,118 

12,883,079 
21,259,528 
16,996,009 
6,016,385 

11,097,736 

17,462,729 

237,764 

742,200 

23,326,799 

17,806,554 

22,786,019 

783,567 

1,869,360 

205 6,640,056 

13 ! 116,210 

Cotton, compressing 52 I 7,864,373 

Cotton, ginning 1,637 I 3,221,987 

Cotton goods. (See also Hosiery and knit 905 354 020,843 
goods.) 

Cotton ties 3 22,475 

Cotton waste 31 711,956 



Cordage and twine 

Cordials and sirups 

Cork cutting 

Corsels 

Cotton, cleaning and rehandling.. 



Crucibles , 10 

Cutlery and edge tools. (See also Files; 474 
Hardware; Saws; Tools, not elsewhere spec- 
ified.) 

Dentistry, mechanical 3,214 

Dentists' materials 24 

Druggists' preparations, not including pre- 1,805 
scriptions. (See also Patent medicines and 
compounds; Perfumery and cosmetics.) 

Drug grinding : 13 

Dyeing and cleaning 976 

Dyeing and finishing textiles i 248 

Dye stuffs and extracts ! 60 

Electrical apparatus and supplies ' 189 



908,152 
12,082,638 



4,019,637 
2,908,113 
4,624,814 



337,885 
3,011,178 

38,450,800 
8,590,096 

18,997,337 



Electric light and pi 

Electroplating 

Emery wheels 

Enameled goods 

Enameling 



■ (a).. 



144 



27 



$54,733,171 810860,668 

1,916,929 814,006 

19,316,079 3,811,086 

988,956 489,500 

1,196,795 " 139,738 



H, 1 



1,530,902 
112,479 
878,050 



6,228,481 

\ 23,600 

250,000 



117,332 
606,955 


30,000 
3,976,737 


115,731 


23,700 


24,399 


8,000 


836,508 


240,562 



146,185 

106,832 

11,090,130 

8,359,363 

130,153 

6,492,274 
2,900,778 
3,445,002 
2,839,798 



14,000 

27,350 

4,202,761 

2,069,521 

11,130 

2,365,464 
554,050 
678,339 

1,016,323 




2,258,391 
617,500 
848,041 

1,124,190 



1,868,419 

1,729,228 

1,918,622 

699,285 



4,019,471 1,200,706 1,640,590 1,178,175 



18,358,750 
13,551,007 
3,176,587 



,078,265 822,312 



15,980,284 
105,110 
406,437 

11,048,779 
8,029,500 

12,631,234 

176,615 

637,608 

1,427,619 

44,550 



1,405,342 

33,902 

100,575 

2,867,625 

2,997,729 

1,711,232 
39,150 
127,700 
193,050 
17,000 



7,233,753 2,637,972 
3,048,957 288,384 
130,993,567 23,225,097 



460,467 210,500 
5,876,717 1,336,564 



2,443,548 453,523 

823,415 83,050 

1,809,605 578,317 



30,500 
710,525 
2,579,114 
937,800 
714,542 

1,743,017 

155,760 

26,000 

6,000 

5,000 



869,725 
16,951 

116,747 
3,334,166 
2,944,600 

4,605,005 
32,650 
275,200 
393,900 
16,575 

2,178,857 

696,400 

69,742,664 



141,271 
130,038 



13,705,217 

54,257 

189,115 

4,846,988 

2,087,171 

6,314,997 
104,815 
234,708 
840,669 
10,975 

2,416,924 

2,064,173 

138,025,806 



1,482,445 

132,654 

335,763 

12,278,020 

9,777,054 

10,154,785 

606,952 

1,231,752 

5,212,437 

71,660 

630,620 

173,030 

123,027,276 



447,685 
6,205,921 



394,784 

7,627 

61,133 

3,302,708 

1,269,618 

987,974 
121,207 
119,710 
908,510 
12,026 

324,469 

176,004 

16,716,524 



438,849 1,551,176 1,576,089 
389,050 351,315 2,084,698 
693,319 537,969 2,815,209 



4,346,403 
6,170,507 

19,167,012 
8S8.173 
232,902 
143,472 



19,000 

647,295 

7,596,641 

1,724,929 

1,496,293 

2,106,418 

129,420 

53,374 

9,000 

3,800 



76,615 

903,535 

9,703,284 

1,683,674 

3,959,672 

15,317,577 
602,993 
153,528 
128,472 
24,587 



211,770 
779,823 

18.571,761 
4,243,693 

12,826,830 

14,671,537 

1,162,961 

590,157 

207,326 

38,530 



37,213 
525,052 

3,131,081 
372,597 

1,154,462 

755,201 
182,826 
81,148 
23,856 
15,751 



3.000 

7,660 

221,585 



4,737 
1,214 
3,940 



5,189 
20,267 
2,277 

9,485 



187 



3,555,256 



4,412,640 
232,988 
762,518 

4,062,815 
54,068 

1,228,619 

781,798 

69,489,272 



3,481,189 

867,626 

1,938,700 



103,594 
2,537,556 
9,717,011 
1,275,649 
5,366,188 

1,556,623 

1,260,475 

182,600 

191,925 

104,672 



The 



iliucd to the state of New York, the District of Columbia, and the city of St. Louis. See explanation in text, page 1. 



TOTALS FOR THE UNITED STATES. 

SPECIFIED INDUSTRIES: 1390— Continued. 



t'ERAGE NUMBER OF 



EES AND TOTAL WAGES— Continued. 



Officers, firm members, 
and clerks. 



Operatives, skilled and unskilled. 



Males above 16 Females above Males above 1G Females above 
years. 15 years. years. 15 years. 



Num- , Tr Num- ,_ Num- 

ber. Wa S es - ber. Wa S es - ber. 



Num- Num- _, 

ber. | Wa S es - i ber. ! Wa S es - 



Pieceworkers. 



Males above 16 Females above 
years. 15 years. 



Num- ,_ Num- __ Num- 

ber. Wa e es " ber. Wa S es " ber. 



Cost of 

materials 

used. 



Value of 
products, 
including 

receipts 
from cus- 
tom work 

and 
repairing. 



1,9H 


81,568,759 


25 


23,172 


688 


749,136 


48 


83,520 


43 


100,245 


156 

2,107 


96,537 
856,009 


1,794 


2,316,021 


81 


66,346 


68 


139,229 


18 
1,268 


17,300 
1,247,513 


88 


74,429 


3 


3,250 


86 


123,908 


39 

66 

14538 

10558 

187 


42,788 

71,538 

12.128,714 

10,850,469 

123,726 


709 
2,459 
1,314 
1,378 


581,296 
3,146,543 
1,428,357 
1,036,474 


647 


698,516 


160 

8 

65 

4,226 

2,083 


113,332 

12,922 

68,321 

3,409,377 

1,600,488 


381 
99 
118 
279 
18 


522,549 
118,494 
125,337 
455,701 
9,620 


215 

739 
2,627 


187,811 

130,838 

3,427,362 


3 
48 


850 
49,896 


24 
764 


38,960 
711,073 


3,216 

200 

1,882 


2,697,709 

323,726 

1,090,483 



$15,483 100209 

li 1,998 

10,566 22,922 
1,671 



920 

4,916 
11,142 

67,411 

25,558 

1,328 



415 



11,475 



21,598 13,950 



2,693 
176,734 i 22,343 
395,338 134,422 
10,377 I 307 

,646,606 I 768 
237, '.172 7,361 
19,028 I: 2,614 
16,238 j 1,668 

14,296 4,242 

300 ' 4,448 



$56,276,276 

1,403,249 

11,483,051 

989,312 

237,732 

164,207 
4,018,245 

6,243,321 

105,515 

353,171 

42,898 
6,808,408 

80,403 

17,438 

1,018,449 

199,066 

63,406 

13,903,830 

19,069,096 

139,174 

477,725 
4,568,764 
1,490,026 

902,818 



125 | 838,250 



12,926 

8,332 
107,778 

625,889 

38,616 

101,976 



34,950 
1,560 



10,715 
21,430 



3,257 



27,648 

213,824 

5,200 



2,452 1,471,156 



322 



107,189 



2,241,967 583 194,194 



1,901,456 

28,039 

306,710 

5,330,904 

5,848,626 



98,075 
1,200 



1 

82 


75 

37,372 


2 


1,320 



1,883 
6,579 
85,840 



15,079 
1,252 
8,531 



28,883 132 

705,830 265 114,289 2,091 

791,908 30 13,383 16,297 

246,662 5 2,554 2,053 

826,986 43 22,152 '] 6,221 

3,056 !] 1,791 
4,608 1,529 
1,236 !, 241 



2,416,927 
89,994 
381,631 
510,039 
24,058 

517,743 

631,256 

32,695,795 



665,484 
473,448 
777,287 



364,115 
46,008 
42,378 | .. 
30,086 I | || 129 



4,567 :i 1,133 586,723 



4 1,200 

150 ' 47,804 

9,106 2,641,031 

24080 6,715,114 

412 111,141 

45238 11,985,221 

13788 4,819,012 

553 149,959 

31 8,528 



14 3,134 

116 35,665 

7,704 1,771,681 

3 650 

4,356 1,108,758 

58 14,716 

884 194,921 

3,319 1,104,991 

99 18,560 



9,207 
71,115 
69,059 

2,349 

42,833 
31,898 
12,949 



14,500 
4,564 



$251 
2,184 



5,452 2,728,191 



564 ' 304,174 
4,494 2,162,662 



373 89,872 31 3,420 

10,673 2,910,214 94 22,060 

51,023 10,787,641 1,033 79,627 

265 77,559 



1,926 497,141 

12,125 3,175,191 

388 113,933 

11 2,171 



3,016 
78,328 
52,390 

126,444 
3,994 
54,053 
9,212 



290,849 1,550 



15,568 

600 
51 ,050 



60,724 
54,940 
51,860 



70,661 13 3,268 

1,133,324 1,380 396,794 

8,053,091 2,151 574,973 

1,017,486 4 936 

3,469,140 970 243,039 

1,284,502 \. 1 ■ 240 

802,578 ' 87 28,152 

134,420 f 2 416 

116,294 92 27,253 

67,126 23 7,044 



9,164 
7,450 
7,359 



9,089 4,120,129 



925 336,752 



1,997 1,101,722 



16,960 3,429 1,539,610 



10,811 222 110,674 

43,486 213 . 94,753 

786 | 26 ' 7,225 

7,543 : 1,068 : 613,707 



3,952 

1,134 

306,959 

30,574 



2,363 
3,950 



600 


155,566 


62 10,300 




5,774 


1,542,605 
230 


45 | 5,440 






3 

10,786 


86 
3,126,107 


4 | 325 
932 141,418 








i 



$129461,698 1 

2,966,347 2 

70,083,737 : 3 

3,302,115 4 

1,363,534 _ 5 

2,050,338 6 

60,635,705 7 

59,352,548 8 

847,555 9 

4,221,675 10 

211,000 11 

22,057,090 12 

865,904 13 

44,038 14 

4,228,846 15 

399,814 16 

1,572,265 17 

126,219,151 18 

!251,019,609 19 

784,055 20 

23,393,829 j 57,071,732 21 

34,277.219 I 68,164,019 22 

65,961,465 I 75,042,010 23 

3,656,859 j 7,783,140 24 

5,547,082 j 12,230,554 25 



.,501,526 
,154,840 
,674,486 



364,778 

!, 892, 219 

70,060 
.,618,401 

382,120 

11,724 

,457,778 

34,132 
777,570 
1,494,637 
1,846,857 

84,167 



499 ' 183,621 



,509,737 
223,077 
344,120 

,116,629 
1,636,911 

;, 372, 637 
,231,141 
,501,902 

.,662,140 
415,005 

254,309 
542,481 
.,912,979 



16,498,345 26 

301,093 27 

1,020,835 28 

55,997,101 29 

38,617,956 30 

I 32,376,454 31 

1,903,200 32 

I 2,840,359 33 

■ 12,401,575 34 

525,595 35 

2, 624., 027 36 

2,367,450 37 

267,9S1,724 38 



1,475,255 7,864,299 43 

993,855 2,594,888 44 

2,411,851 1 6,659,797 45 



192,321 
1,103,556 
12,385,220 
6,352,668 
8,819,498 

1,155,789 

1,048,057 

186,579 

118,659 

52.999 



436,766 46 
5,267,819 1 47 

28,900,560 ! 48 
9,092,514 ! 49 

19,114,714 | 50 

4,783,224 : 51 

3,121,642 i 52 

726,425 | 53 

444,942 I 54 

181,942 55 



Ill 



STATISTICS OF MANUFACTURES. 



Table 2.— THE UNITED STATES, BY 



MECHANICAL AND MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES 



Num- 
ber of 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 

re- 
port- I 
irig. ' Aggregate. 



Value of plant. 



Engravers' materials 16 

Engraving and diesinking 382 

Engraving, Bteel, including plate printing. 134 

(See also Lithographing and engraving; 

Photolithographing and engraving.) 

Engraving, wood 285 

Envelopes 41 

Fancy articles, not elsewhere specified 377 

Felt goods. (See also Woolen goods.) 34 

Fertilizers. (See also Chemicals.) 1 390 

Files. (See also Cutlery and edge tools.) 140 

Firearms 34 

Fire extinguishers, chemical ' 9 

Fireworks ' 22 

Fish, canningand preserving. (See also Food 110 

preparations.) 

Flags and banners. (See also Regalia and 29 

society banners and emblems.) 

Flavoring extracts 148 I 



$139,920 849,460 

794,554 424,854 

2,924,125 1,250,133 



3,218,466 



2,386,317 
4,460,621 
40,594,168 
2,991,988 
4,672,424 



81,500 
22,050 



96,000 

130,850 
276, 7W) 
,870,499 
265,970 
■118,900 



405,733 48,530 4,500 

507,266 214,435 73,900 

3,186,975 i 1,421,730 466,970 



13,197,623 
1,776,199 
2,755,496 



16 j Flax, dressed 

17 ] Flouring and grist mill products 18,470 

18 , Food preparations. (See also Fish, canning ( 302 

and preserving; Fruits and vegetables, can- 
ning and preserving; Oysters, canningand 
preserving.) 

19 Foundry and machine shop products. (See , 6,475 

also Ironwork, architectural and ornamen- 
tal ; Steam fittings and heating apparatus.) 

20 | Foundry supplies 21 

21 Fruit jar trimmings \ 5 

22 i Fruitsand vegetables, canningand preserving. , 886 

(See also Food preparations; Pickles, pre- 
serves, and sauces.) 

23 | Fur goods. (See also Plats and caps, not i 

eluding wool hats.) 

24 , Furnishing goods, men's. (See also Shirts.) ' 586 

25 Furniture, cabinetmaking, repairing and up- 4,054 

holstering. (See also Mattresses and spring 
beds.) 

26 Furniture, chairs ' 340 

27 Furniture, factory product ' 1,579 

28 Furs, dressed 26 

29 Galvanizing 27 

30 j Gas and lamp fixtures. (See also Lamps and 108 

reflectors.) 

31 I Gas, illuminating and heating i 742 

32 ! Gas machines and meters ; 38 

33 Gas stoves 24 

34 : Glass 294 

35 Glass, cutting, staining, and ornamenting 279 



376,130 

1,361,800 

1,361,635 

208,473,500 

6,715,535 



153,945 

225,650 

867,810 

136,539,851 

3,040,819 



73,800 

42,640 

201,010 

23,776,931 

662,661 



Miscel- 
laneous 
expenses. 



AVERAGE NUMBER 

OF EMPLOYES AND 

TOTAL WAGES. 



$3,500 844,460 
41,050 361,754 
332,000 909,933 




714,453 

5,787,740 

486,804 

630,350 

16,000 
93,675 
467,340 

42,950 

41,660 

204,200 
41,730,612 



553,101 

874,751 

4,539,384 

1,023,425 

1,706,246 

28,030 
46,860 
487,420 

37,195 

141,350 

462,600 
71,032,308 
1,378,273 



890,460 813,959 

369,700 150,239 

1,673,992 I 155,902 



1,528,876 
2,594,637 
27,396,545 
1,215,789 
1,916.928 



1,635 1,169,073 
2,560 1,881,583 



357,203 

292,831 

1,765,245 

222,185 

1,136,150 

493,825 
71,933,649 
3,674,716 



382,798,337 187,048,990 41,014,439 51,032,859 95,001,692 195,749,347 24,637,980 247,754 148,389,063 



18,859 
25,483 
280,660 

20,098 , 

153,406 



3,954 
2,266 
10,158 
2,666 
2,759 ! 

82 



956,366 
1,058,550 

1,679,818 
1,011,296 
4,671,831 
1,445,941 
1,700,205 

57,878 

213,103 

1,248,396 



227,123 
27,035,742 
1,816,835 



353,105 111,900 104,000 137,205 



484 I 11,115,840 



14,387,075 
66,393,864 
266,921 
1,301,973 
7,218,964 



326,712 



53,282 

33,689 
1,289,681 



212 152,773 



552 ! 166,735 
50,881 : 5,243,707 



546,500 | 322,967 10,026,063 864,506 | 8,075 I 4,749,191 

10,679,252 2,330,360 ' 22,211 7,589,349 
8,085,836 1,406,085 14,721 : 8,584,097 



4,592,771 

24,595,393 

152,025 

464,593 

2,354,562 



40,950 
144,300 

:«i;,275 



258,771,795 234,101,052 15,521,707 

1,603,426 514,687 73,350 

1,199,528 515,229 29,591 

40,966,850 25,437,450 5,097,726 

2,504,089 692,797 132,516 



1,907,254 

9,438,445 

44,600 

128,900 

691,000 



1.093,205 

8,863,594 

66,475 

191,393 

1,287,287 



35,048,435 153,830,910 
149,250 292,087 

141,562 344,076 

11,401,021 8,938,703 
134,000 426,281 



9,794,304 

41,798,471 

114,896 

837,380 

4,864,402 



24,370,743 

1,088,739 

684,299 

15,529,400 
1,811,292 



r es and mittens. (See also Hosiery and 
it goods; Woolen goods.) 



Gold and silver, leaf and foil 

Gold and silver, reducing and refining, not 
from the ore. 

Graphite 

Greaseand tallow. (Sec also Axle grease ; Soap 
nd candles.) 

ndstones 

Gunpowder. (See also Ammunition; Highex- 

plosives.) 
nairwork 

Hammocks 

Hund knit goods 

Hand stamps 

Hardware. (See also Cutlery and edge tools; 

Tools not elsewhere specified.) 
Hardware, saddlery 



324 5,977,820 



5,991,023 
4,859,266 
1,105,198 
4,763,397 



Hat and cap materials 

Hats and caps, not including wool hats. (Se 

also Fur goods; Straw goods, not elsewher 

specified.) 

Hay and straw, baling 

High explosives. fSecalso Ammunition ; Gun 

powder.) 
Hones and whetstones 



65,525 

78,468 

998,873 

26,271,840 



913,116 
4,470,000 



32,500 
5,001,388 



162,530 345,550 405,036 5,064,704 



870,000 
564,475 
109,900 

248, f 



1,400,000 
719,631 
197,650 

1,135,111 



1,521,023 

2,886,273 

557,172 

2,730,616 



9,500 
796,755 



1,159,910 

5,369,929 

13,294 

99.192 



7,799,385 
105,209 
118,617 

2,267,696 
272,138 



923,429 
420,913 
46,863 
354,113 



13,837 5,737,810 

63,946 34,470.845 

437 I 287,508 

846 j 473,111 

5,530 3,592,512 



14,860 j 10,642,794 
1,071 I 709,529 
1,031 j 628.773 

45,987 22,118,522 
3,794 2,496,420 



3,109,008 



342,412 125,000 115,790 101,622 1,020,581 



5,200 

34,915 

557.508 

12,330,030 



10,300 

79,000 

1,929,035 



4,300 

14,915 

426,508 

6,740,591 



29,250 



60,325 

43,553 

441,365 

13,941,810 



278,334 ; 1,787 

5,799 ! 132 

959,240 1,730 

282,152 1,945 

3,369 86 

20,352 224 
126,548 
2,400,827 

3,179 



1,705 
27,193 



18,359 

61,989 

650,647 

9,911,486 



TOTALS FOB THE UNITED STATES. 

SrECIFIED INDUSTRIES : 1890— Continued. 



11 



AVERAGE XlMltl-:K or l"M IT.t »\l :S AND TOTAL 



Operatives, skilled and unskilled. 



Males above 16 Females above 
years. 15 years. 



Num. 
ber. 



SI9.SS9 
JOT, 294 

273,232 



353,372 
239,801 

343,715 
156,486 
1,249,584 
224,439 
120,078 

31,684 
46,705 
117,823 



Males above 16 Females above 
years. 15 years. 



Pieceworkers. 



Males above 16 Females above 
years. 15 years. 



Num- 
ber. 



9 28,100 

15912 8,824,109 
"2 580,123 



Wages. 



SI ,000 
5,128 
31,946 



101,121 
1,430 
4,377 
3,926 
4,196 



1,500 
10,777 



73,231 45,892 
13,799 | 2,154 



Num-: ,„ 
ber. Wa E es - 



-76,015 
617,105 
750,895 



634,278 11,5 
652,059 3 

3,376,671 
751,731 

1,376,575 



16071 18,923,521 531 262,493 



1,003 1,206,044 125 65,399 



,279 



114,624 

17,755,268 

927,748 



205530 115,265,032 



14,817 2,091, 



2,598 1,805,562 



40,810 2,006 1,174,144 
32,864 8,959 5,096,006 



273,854 

430,825 
91,634 
25,914 
17,113 
3,816 

315 



35,178 

32,879 

82,020 
50,665 
203,501 



4,339 
4,620 



19,410 
9,956 
17,818 



59,229 
69,737 
5,219 



Value of 

products, 

Cost of including 

materials rwel P t9 

used. ' from cus " 



2,079 
21,718 
13,132 



290,248 1,307 253,694 



892 I 
445,011 

8,184 

5,647 



6,650 
1,276 



22,871 13,201,445 



19,488 
46,234 



8203,764 
434,506 2,187,157 

742,765 j 3,347,804 I 3 

157,656 , 1,555,418 4 

2,530,793 4,855,680 i 5 

1,814,556 ! 4,810,450 6 

2,809,937 4,654,768 7 

25,113,874 39,180,844 , 8 

1,038,943 3,179,649 j 9 

485,946 ' 2,922,514 ' 10 



57,736 

188,938 

4,710,709 


195,834 

592,542 

6,972,268 


195,587 


455,849 


1,430,120 


2,614,514 



638,285 ; 981,283 16 

434,152,290 513,971,474 17 

8,129,925 14,105,485 18 



50,791 238 51,839 171,145,156 412,701,872 19 



4,914 | 32 I 2,970 259 ! 75,280 104 18,320 , 275,744 , 802,237 , 21 

12886 1,193,000 3,499 106,704 3,652 397,022 12,828 j 807,848 2,080 55,434 18,665,163 29,862,416 22 



3,418 
5,632 



6,519 



2,146 



297,974 
723,850 



' 693,555 

4,007 4,362,439 

r 48,618 

i 110,233 

> 705,955 



1.810 2,120,496 
"l 82,427 

7 ' 116,009 
1,053 1,217,202 
'"6 ! 532,192 



3,443,760 

25,549,492 

129,215 

349,228 

2,737,419 



51,101 I 2,966 1,283,012 

220,707 7,289 3,833.399 

1,300 167 107,519 

3,650 13 8,120 

8,052 102 62,668 



456 



22,673 12,951 
1,200 :, 826 
6,038 861 

15,359 24,337 
9,668 3,042 



426,122 26 12,542 J 1,807 



72,320 
146,687 
96,409 



219,979 298 



22,224 

271,200 

1,232,122 i 

281,719 

143,857 
1,445,350 I 29 I 



1,300 
160,368 



3,914 
35,358 547 
23,297 112,505 

5,251 j! 1,570 

2,040 ' 898 

15,480 1: 7,354 



8.492,617 i 38 

541,785 l! 15 I 6,819 , 

476,083 5 I 1,250 

10,664,728 1,626 273,064 6,498 
1,861,281 i 151 50,712 58 



150 



954,891 |l,121 

897.562 I 5 

638.563 J 34 
420,806 || 496 
613,369 i 1 



114,434 ! 941 

5,343 | 14 

5,887 ,| 78 

287,776 l 60 

,257,169 1,156 



332,097 

1,524 

8,256 

155,743 



6,078 

153 ] 76,798 

57 ' 29 393 

"SiS',W 11,727 8,881 ',623 

11,427 65 I 30,170 

11,411 ji 1,196 | 552,094 



3,000 
18,200 
68,101 
11,136 



10,783 2,335,529 
"99 55,816 



11,742,508 20,526,9 



8,500 15,280,572 29,870,946 
9,757,060 23,884,252 



6,572,299 16,866,358 

38,796,471 94,876,722 

203,199 651,296 

1,940,712 2,957,143 

2,208,124 7,825,672 



6 750 14,037,087 56,987,290 : 31 

...! I 675,542 I 1,838,644 1 32 

...i 840,126 2,137,944 33 

59,181 445 88,619 12,140,985 41,051,004 34 

970 2,188,287' 6,090,378 35 

818,246 ! 14 1,605 '. 5,021,144 j 10,103,821 36 

5,029,131 7,756,686 37 

1 600 , 2,510,927 ] 4,270,460 38 

50,720 ' 1,834,716 2,977,791 39 

225 30,005,096 32,035,520 40 



26,380 
5,135,901 



54,605 41 
7,474,911 42 



1,637 
5,158 



2,799 
13,059 
15,579 
294,219 



26,565 

23,088 

3 1,710 

490 ! 17 6,300 

6,448 50 30,565 

88,916 I 3,747 : 1,908,106 

7,782 || 1,024 I 411,620 



4,752 
10,115 

3,721 
91,351 



16,306 
1,302 







2 


1,140 



34,742 122,240 ; 43 

3,279,004 6,752,343 ' 44 

846,045 1 2,489,061 45 

26,535 60,254 : 46 

88,280 205,775 47 

432,687 1,583,872 48 

10,186,442 26,726,463 | 49 



1,624,849 

2,059,001 
16,160,802 



3,465,524 51 
37,311,599 | 52 



729,195 1,058,142 53 
2,202,719 , 4,600,272 54 



12 



STATISTICS OF MANUFACTURES. 



Table 2.— THE UNITED STATES, BY 



41 



MECHANICAL AND MANUFACTURING INDl fB I "RIES 



Num- 
ber of 
estab- 
lish- | 
ments, 

re- 
port- 
ing. 



1 , Hooks and eyes ! 10 

2 Horse shoes, factory product I 4 

3 Hosiery and knit goods. (See also Cotton 796 

goods; Gloves and mittens; Woolen goods.) 

4 House furnishing goods, not elsewhere speei- 133 

fied. 

5 Ice, artificial 222 

6 Ink, printing 35 

7 Ink, writing 33 

8 Instruments, professional and scientific 233 

9 Iron and steel 645 

Iron and steel bolts, nuts, washers, and rivets. 82 

Iron and steel doors and shutters 7 

Iron and steel forgings 90 

Iron and steel nails and spikes, cut and 138 

wrought, including wire nails. 

Iron and steel pipe, wrought 22 

Iron work, architectural and ornamental. (See ' 724 

also Foundry and machine shop products.) j 

Ivory and bone work | 64 

Japanning i 39 

Jewelry. (See also "Watch, clock, and jewelry 783 
repairing.) 

Jewelry and instrument cases 76 

Jute and jute goods 7 

Kaolin and other earth grinding 95 

Kindling wood 136 

Labels and tags 47 

Lamps and reflectors. (See also Gas and lamp i 93 

fixtures.) 

Lapidary work 29 

Lard, refined. (See also Slaughtering.) ! 17 

Lasts | 52 

Lead, bar, pipe, and sheet 28 

Leather board. (See also Paper.) i 8 

Leather, dressed skins i 38 

Leather goods. (See also Pocketbooks; Trunks ! 139 
and valises.) 

Leather, morocco : 121 

Leather, patent and enameled ; 32 

Leather, tanned and curried 1,596 

Lightning rods 22 

Lime and cement >. 873 

Linen goods j 3 

Liquors, distilled I 440 

Liquors, malt. (See also Bottling.) 1,248 | 

Liquors, vinous. (See also Liquors, distilled.). .| 236 j 

Lithographing and engraving. (See also \ 219 
Engraving, steel, including plate printing; 
Photolithographing and engraving; Print- 
ing and publishing.) 

Lock and gun smithing 1,308 

Looking-glass and picture frames i 1,290 

Lumber and other mill products from logs or 21,011 

bolts. 

Lumber, planiDg mill products, including 3,670 
sash, doors, and blinds. (See also Boxes, 
wooden packing; Wood, turned and carved.) 

Malt. (See also Liquors, malt.) 202 

Mantels, slate, marble and marbleized 90 

Marble and stone work. (See also Monu- 1,321 

ments and tombstones.) 

Masonry, brick and stone. (See also Plaster- 5,969 

ing and stuccowork.) 

Matches I 27 

Mats and matting { 24 ! 

Mattresses and spring beds. (See also Furni- 696 
ture; Wirework, including wire rope and 
cable.) 

Millinery and lace goods. (See also Artificial 278 
feathers and flowers.) 

Millinery, custom work 5,999 

Millstones 4 

Mineral and soda waters. (See also Bottling.)... 1,377 | 

Mirrors ' 45 



Value of plant. 



Land. Buildii 



Machin- 
ery, tools, 

and im- 
plements. 



$449,618 i S246,545 
1,299,065 675,950 
50,607,738 23,574,761 



SI 1,200 

62,879 

,271,466 





AVERAGE NUMBER 

OF EMPLOYES AND 

TOTAL WAGES. 


Miscel- 
laneous 
expenses. 


Aggregates. 




Aver- ; 

age Total 
num- wages. 

ber. 



837,520 $197,825 8203,073 

68,500 544,571 623,115 

6,194,088 15,109,207 27,032,977 



833,008 243 8148,444 

42,019 493 282,870 

3,627,245 61,209 18,263,272 



6,939,659 3,065,108 414,500 1,179,366 1,471,242 3,874,551 366,750 3,667 1,779,753 



9,846,468 8,873,731 1,595,360 1,338,652 5,939,719 

1,863,025 620,163 174,600 132,900 312,663 

792,194 i 357,760 101,500 154,900 101,360 

2,996,021 | 1,293,363 247,600 248,817 796,946 

373,478,018 210,830,316 31,553,087 42,766,656 136,510,573 

10,789,8211 5,812,292 1,101,168! 1,291,348 " 



42,550 
7,152,145 
24,334,549 



23,950 10,000 

4,281,004 1,125,732 

13,825,194 2,273,151 

9,043,906 1,678,093 

10,671,455 2,983,622 



5,000 

699,308 

3,108,506 



1,917,951 
2,877,618 



1,894,549 839,272 

285,794 I 111,900 

22,246,508 ' 4,141,958 



3,334,575 

1,299,533 

646,815 

2,550,214 

100,635 

3,898,910 
906,820 

4,892,525 
445,743 
434,800 



2,114,931 
872,105 
450,180 
902,772 

26,435 

898,215 
391,282 
2,405,572 
250,053 
171,700 



135,000 402,400 

9,650 18,600 

173,200 405,661 



683,422 
242,772 



532,950 
210,950 
61,950 
134,300 



106,430 
85,750 

881,844 
47,790 
45,675 



152.870 
78,400 

675,800 
65,607 
71,000 



2,980,060 692, 

12,283,793 '. 3,988,333 I 651,800 

4,108,409 1,530,767 461,500 

81,261,696 22,526,492 6,346,010 

436,661 118,628 35,700 

18,752,396 14,464,265 7,482,480 

908,589 288,895 38,995 

31,006,176 16,972,727 2,816,967 

232,471,290 148,239,269 33,538,926 

5,792,783 2,706,613 367,010 



117,110 130,343 



8,950 
2,455,964 
8,443,537 



301,872 

83,650 

3,563,097 



898,559 
418,383 
354,630 
685,572 

26,435 

638,915 
227,132 
847,928 
136,656 
55,025 

445,169 



1,793,306 1,543,227 

647,900 421,367 

10,155,462 6,025,020 

40,690 42,238 



972,737 

1,242,862 

434,434 

1,702,658 

162,647,702 

4,977,529 

18,600 
2,871,141 
10,509,355 



1,055,277 

173,894 

18,104,550 



1,219,644 
427,428 
196,635 

1,647,442 

74,200 

3,000,695 
515,538 

2,486,953 
195,690 
263,100 



477,485 3,265 1,441,187 

162,554 516 455,764 

47,676 508 301,426 

203,937 2,371 1,606,194 

16,918,753 152,535 84,665,506 

597,605 7,341 j 3,472,202 



4,210 

366,812 

1,244,624 



53 



38,389 
2,638,641 
7,816,994 



1,095,805 12,064 5,845,462 
1,344,813 18,672 11,951,457 



111,293 

21,941 

1,493,545 



173,298 
60,882 
197,759 

13,294 

845,116 
62,192 

208,645 
30,166 
30,978 



1,345 

292 

15,761 



687,360 

156,201 

10,270,393 



744,129 

772,377 

379,897 

1,320,273 



618,0-12 
571,732 
552,321 
92,163 



2,287,438 190,874 3,074 1,464,124 



4,095,536 

161,400 

6,299,511 



2,886,249 

88,500 

7,856,249 



8,295,460 

2,577,642 

58,735,204 

318,033 

4,288,131 

619,694 

14,033,449 

84,232,021 

3,086,170 



838,727 

218,546 

4,309,421 

20,559 



65,583 

65,179,927 

48,276,290 

270,377 



8,237 
2,087 
34,318 



5,343 
31,81)1) 
1,282 



4,599,569 

1,352,981 

17,825,605 

132,195 

5,473.222 

180,204 

2,814,889 

28,382,544 



15,490,127 8,715,408 451,829 1,075,873 7,187,706 6,774,719 1,155,653 ! 10,590 7,147,174 



1,867,220 



521,915 
936,078 



725,930 
6,317,637 



8,554,995 I 2,237,358 590,955 710,325 936,078 I 6,317 
496,339,968 294,325,888 156539,097 31,273,534 106,513,257 202,014 

120,271,440 52,327,364 16,128,855 13,976,848 22,221,661 67,944,076 



24,293,864 10,787,614 3,230,357 
1,854,759 698,780 304,900 
10,775,391 4,889,280 



24,041,961 

51,660,111 

1,941,092 
392,639 

6,662,929 



5,827,303 

238,650 

1,743,427 



1,729,954 

155,230 

4,142,684 



11,279,547 3,798,090 2,932,363 4,549,094 

1,104,935 I 190,228 j 364,698 

165,062 j 23,400 23,100 

2,068,458 I 631,626 I 673,591 



1,788,243 100,200 



13,506,250 
1,155,979 
13,266,570 



278,516 2,560 

1,019,920 9,664 

20,136,273 286,197 

6,594,958 86,888 



1,502,316 
5,257,553 
87,784,433 



1,305,246 3,694 2,103,200 

108,899 1,704 1,160,861 

1,772,017 23,888 17,433,505 



5,688,854 108,405 70,681,800 

]2»,800 1,755 544,211 

26,651 ' 423 212,481 

680,386 7,337 3,660,297 



1,335,043 ■ 4,841,967 742,153 11,827 5,452,429 



16,309,220 


3,964,230 


1,598,687 


1,785,618 


579,925 


12,344,990 


2,620,266 


23,976 


8,945,139 


49,450 


36,150 


20,500 


10,600 


5,050 i 


13,300 


1,628 


28 


17,864 


10,781,817 


8,229,883 


1,818,888 


1,539,273 


4,871,722 


2,551,934 


1.280,577 


7,717 


4,206,868 


1,695,772 


264,997 


18,110 


33,300 


213,587 


1,430,775 


169,594 


1,542 


1,033,235 



TOTALS FOR THE UNITED STATES. 

SPECIFIED INDUSTRIES : 1890— Continued. 



13 



AVERAGE NUMBER OF EMPLOYES AND 



Officers, firm members, 
and clerks. 



Males above 16 
years. 



Females above 
15 years. 



Operatives, skilled and unskilled. 



Males above 16 
years. 



Females above 
15 years. 



Pieceworkers. 



Males above 16 
years. 



Females above 
15 years. 



Num- 
ber. 



22 841, 458 

19 40,976 

1,520 1,641,230 



122 148,580 

373 406.641 

1,773 5,662,568 

358 454,485 



7,625 
322,451 
664,889 



94,657 

51,004 

2,158,469 



193,413 
152,673 
87,365 
280,701 



120 181,300 

76 85,439 

137 165,963 

20 19,711 

58 47,911 

305 336,620 

414 , 454,262 

81 I 131,735 

2,050 2,086,155 

41 j 52,161 

660 525,361 

9 13,070 

573 j 564,325 

4,483 I 7,621,418 

229 | 178,955 

856 1,256,812 



877,994 



Num- 
ber. 



8915 

"43,923 |:ll, 681 

4,415 ' 2,083 

480 2,606 



Num- 
ber. 



876,766 96 

224,004 I 

4,892,839 15125 



1,021,581 
1,081,810 



828,905 3 

80 

3,882,062 2,711 

219,142 82 



Num- 
ber. 



Wages. 



8100 
17,890 
374,128 3,165 81,148,361 



.625 
,358 



7,955 1,592 
25,038 147357 
13,263 4,246 



73,597 9,760 



258,782 

101,555 

975,849 

78,715.288 

2,013,927 

28,714 
1,965,782 
6,449,349 



473,830 140 

69,655 I 41 

6,286,793 2,598 



1,837 
3,610 
3,572 
3,612 

1,500 



1,730 



520,971 
454,816 
247,046 
928,854 



15 7,108 j 1, 



761,894 879 



11 5,059 1,140 625,424 

82 27,507 6,510 3,403,867 5 

181 80,925 252129 73,723,635 1,3 

151 71,538 76,849 41,156,203 1 



300 , 3,285 1,571,931 

2,028 1,399 863,155 

8,762 ,20,907 14,759,349 

34,737 99,866 , 62,706,284 

710 292,329 



4,540 
18,350 



3,746 



130 | 79,291 1,775 



818,322 5,852 2,885,416 351 

5,100 j 24 

1,400,425 49 26,280 5,582 

190,828 1,280 



15 



15,949 
1,362 



8,658 
24,081 
39,236 



42,040 
12,846 
824,420 



4,646 
33,740 
30,404 



1,494 

3,894 

262,016 



57,704 
27,028 



2,886 
2,814 
10,026 



225,065 

12,824 

2,300 
10,752 

169,269 



Cost of 

materials 

used. 



Num- 
ber. 



25,701 86,124,008 1,205 
24,792 2 



112 


29,480 



600 
6,216 

233,012 

36,225 

" 21,966 



6,114 6,029 , 3,157,773 

312 1,370 , 790,654 

9,401 29,130 13,916,135 

2,820 159 75,109 

3,548 12,430 4,698,620 

156 ; 69,728 

4,500 4,559 2,142,232 

47,713 29,117 20,399,030 

2,325 962 285,418 



35,032 7,727 5,277,573 1,461 372,757 



604 
.15,500 
56,683 

"12,000" 

145 



508 91,609 



600 45 

135,678 367 

249,524 2,616 



6,862 
64,349 
333,604 



28,200 1,474 226,112 



139,198 16051 

12,764 ! 

2,715,868 l 92 
776,285 45 



1,791,134 
4,962,085 



7,174 
1,250 



8,611 
SO, 054 



343 


201 ,924 


160 
23 
936 


67,166 
12,196 
767,663 


23 


14,780 


51 

377 

1 

140 


27,280 

120,065 

780 

60,684 


5 


3,350 


3 
193 

1 

1 
38 


676 

155,352 

575 

400 

21,298 


193 


105,528 


1,333 
635 

2,963 
• 4 


874,304 

430,280 

1,772,196 

1,660 


517 
62 
194 
374 
54 


229,915 
18,711 
102,802 
165,763 
5,905 


124 


136,757 


55 

427 

9,051 


22,611 

219,404 

2,607,984 


1,444 


796,804 


43 
118 
937 


18,244 
87,708 
529,646 


1,686 


1,127,713 


70 
81 


24,109 
40,395 


1,160 


520,238 



5,939 
8,210 

122,825 



Value of 
products, 
including 

receipts 
from cus- 
tom work 

and 
repairing. 



$325,615 8593,604 

519,449 1,110,032 

35,861,585 67,241,013 

4,832,791 , 8,347,285 

940,699 4,900,983 

1,145,554 2,376,672 

519,231 1,128,307 

698,352 3,271,616 

295,777,813 430,954,318 

6,746,304 12,373,031 

29.792 88,515 

4,875,697 9,042,563 

22,960,737 34,227,517 



25,147 
2,220 
5,992 











29 9,100 




2 , 725 








24 
22 


4,162 
10,680 


3 300 
17 3,528 


27 


7,612 


3 140 











2,159 
15, 000 



921,975 1,918,607 16 

120,184 350,819 17 

16,110,219 34,761,458 18 

483,441 1,454,053 19 

501,909 1,120,121 20 

1,330,290 2,846,862 21 

1,187,460 2,401,873 22 

402,371 1,048,304 23 

1,542,092 4,039,359 24 

124,852 [ 315,604 25 

12,654,360 I 15,474,848 26 

331,225 1,239,065 27 

6,882,157 8,351,754 28 

211,936 463,705 29 

724,739 1,072,755 30 

2,988,747 5,578,428 j 31 

18,174,452 26,279,105 32 

3,932,724 6,502,228 33 

100,114,806 138,282,004 ; 34 

212,789 483,296 35 

5,667,863 15,741,801 36 

268,907 547,273 37 

14,909,173 104,197,869 38 

64,003,347 182,731,622 39 

1,31S,012 2,846,148 40 



6 1,222 6,265,464 17,988,157 41 



4,834 

100 

1,224 



364 822,557 3,153,834 42 

17,713 39 5,846 7,069,115 16,376,173 43 

113,875 652 66,613 231,555,618 103,667,575 44 

12,161 15 2,376 104,926,834 183,681,552 45 



103,412 
4,098 

119,956 



17,100,074 23,442,559 46 

1,254,667 3,127,662 ' 47 

16,232,430 41,924,264 48 

91,791,109 190,704,818 , 49 



8,727,380 15,683,932 52 



435,174 3,544 
13,940 j 392 



1,273,801 i | 8,588,342 18,047,067 53 

95,362 6 



762 18,756,776 36,983,082 54 

| 18,294 47,152 55 

17,089 8 1,350 6 375 4,562,803 14,353,745 56 

55,010 3,274,131 6,000,533 57 



14 



STATISTICS OF MANUFACTURES. 



Table 2.— THE UNITED STATES, BY 



.MECHANICAL AND MANUFACTURING I \ 1 >! - TIM I : > 



Num- 
ber of 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 

re- 
port- Aggregate. 
ing. 



Value of plant. 



1 Models and patterns I 449 

2 Monuments and tombstones. (See also Marble 2,052 

and stone work.) 

3 Mucilage and paste 55 

4 Musical instruments and materials, not spe- 293 

cified. 

5 ' Musical instruments, organs and materials 145 

6 Musical instruments, pianos and materials 236 

7 Needles and pins 45 

8 Nets andseines 22 

9 Oakum 7 

10 Oil, castor 7 



11 



Oil, cottonseed and cake 

Oil, essential 

Oil, illuminating, not including petroleum, i 
fining. 

Oil, lard 

Oil, linseed 



119 



62 



Oil, lubricating 124 ; 

Oil, resin 8 

Oilcloth, enameled 9 

Oilcloth, floor 19 

Oleomargarine 12 

Optical goods 191 

Ordnance and ordnance stores 4 

Oysters, canning and preserving. (See also 16 
Food preparations.) 

Painting and paper hanging 10,043 

Paints. (See also Chemicals ; Varnish) 382 

Paper. (See also Leather, board ; Pulp, wood.). 567 

Paper goods, not elsewhere specified 66 

Paper hangings 27 

Paper patterns 27 

Patent medicines and compounds. (See also 1,127 
Druggists' preparations, not including pre- 
scriptions.) 



Paving and paving materials 

Pencil cases 

Pencils, lead 

Pens, fountain and stylographs 



35 Pens, gold . 



Pens, steel 

Perfumery and cosmetics. (See also Druggists' 
preparations, not including prescriptions.) 

Petroleum, refining 

Photographic apparatus 

Photographic materials 



70 1 



45 



8719,089 8119,138 8120,717 
4,261,564 1,988,177 1,189,296 



,288 2,083,252 450,560 871,755 



Machin- 
ery, tools, 

and im- 
plements. 



Miscel- 
laneous 
expenses. 



8665,632 
8,811,668 



AVERAGE NUMBER 

OF EMPLOYES AND 

TOTAL "WAGES. 



8150,512 2,010 81,427. 
970,358 12,101 7,930,016 



18,430,872 

1,820,089 

1,135,764 

275,675 

621 ,798 

12,808,996 
102,223 
561,496 

481,526 
14,003,358 

4,091,157 
284,110 
772,820 

3,704,436 
634,532 

2,608,176 
7,639,991 
1,106,962 



82,374,099 

2,922,449 

5,709,909 

156,106 

18,596,823 



4,701,884 
954,609 
467.623 
186,525 
263,962 



1,385,346 
81,100 
39,573 
73,525 
85,500 



8,941,014 898.345 

70,872 10,006 

349,200 107,500 

197,500 65,500 

5,036,210 1,208,775 



1,067,901 
153,500 
412,450 

1 ,596,845 
135,434 



212,584 
58,000 
74,950 

295,550 
32,231 

64,281 



504,250 234,200 



1,738,750 
222,900 
95,633 
35,000 
51,000 

2,733,217 
11,497 
114,000 



300,476 
50,000 
170,750 
777,150 
29,900 



760,937 7,807,036 821,315 4,' 



1,577,788 
650,609 
332,417 
78,000 
127,462 

5,309,452 



554,8)1 
45,500 
166,750 
524,1+5 
73,300 

697,951 

1,847,688 

89,300 



13,728,988 
865,480 
668,141 
89,150 
357,836 



3,023,256 
130,610 
360,370 

2,107,591 



1,701,449 
193,608 
602,712 



1,394,513 
71,674 
53,920 
6,579 
28,314 

1,163,586 
34,462 
15,480 

102,663 
1,321,461 

928,718 
20,890 
66,929 
195,764 
385,563 

228,028 
18,885 
80,199 



3,096,477 

9,347,729 
728,002 
217,985 
57,116 
70,131 

1,907,827 
37,492 
54,418 



2,073- 1,286,062 

1,072 876,470 

117 | 82,652 

367 212,461 

1,583 837,969 

328 245,890 

2,844 , 1,300,452 

1,459 1,099,306 

3,514 712,501 



7,665,288 2,564,067 2,516,812 2,584,409 

14,869,182 4,389,155 5,250,204 . 5,229,823 

56,289,244 9,002,883 18,250,116 : 29,036,245 

1,217,536 115,550 378,900 

2,108,753 355,500 486,584 

18.690 2,500 3,550 

5,275,507 1,700,721 1,833,970 



12,648,093 

66,625 

3,100,836 

142,265 

473,964 



77,416,296 

362,834 

1,172,640 



4,689,540 
21,000 

936,000 
43,325 

149,120 



35,127,700 
108,851 
459,179 



1,307,336 552,281 

"" '270,'o6o 373 ,'666 ' 

3,100 3,600 

12,000 8,000 



Photography. 3,105 

Photolithographing and engraving. (See also 89 

Lithographing and engraving; Stereotyping 

and electrotyping.) 
Pickles, preserves and sauces. (See also Fruits 316 

and vegetables, canning and preserving.) 

Pipes, tobacco 69 

Plastering and stuccowork. (See also Masonry, 1,746 

brick and stone.) 

Plated and britannia ware. (See also Silver- 68 

ware.) 
Plumbers' supplies. (See also Brass castings 122 

and brass finishing.) 

Plumbing and gas fitting 5,327 

Pocketbooks. (See also Leather goods ) 62 

Printing and publishing, book and job. (See 4,098 

also Bookbinding and blank-book making.) 

Printing and publishing, music. (See also 79 

Bookbinding and blank-book making.) 
Printing and publishing, newspapers and peri- 12,362 
odicals. (See also Bookbinding and blank- 
book making.) 

Printing materials 64 

Printing, tip 27 

Pulp goods 9 



7,886,668 

7,100 

104,600 



614,670 
7,000 



6,403,994 

12,800 
132,413 



4,913,459 1,679,044 



29,036,245 

723,086 

1,266,669 

12,640 

1,740,816 


26,084.855 

1,704,913 

3,601,156 

137,416 

13,321,316 


6,270,959 
234,325 
660,117 
54,857 

7,063,311 


29,568 
1,647 
2,814 
448 
9,390 


13,746,584 

765,181 

1,474,788 

153,738 

5,094,202 


2,829,920 
21,000 

293,000 
36,625 

129,120 


7,958,553 
45,625 

2,164,836 
98,940 
324,844 


1,147,235 

5,919 

154,528 

12,380 

82,753 


22,730 

89 

1,452 

176 

363 


10,450,970 
60,088 
580,750 
102,799 
260,669 


87,443 
299,553 


223,067 
1,693,023 


6,295 
421,335 


511 
1,755 


152,175 
877,679 


20,837,038 
88,951 
222,166 


42,288,596 
253,983 
713,461 


2,069,268 
28,263 
91,356 


12,471 
549 
899 


6,989,478 
308,939 
538,266 


3,781,131 
590,878 


2,724,227 
530,495 


1,592,786 
145,059 


10,432 
1,352 


6,405,871 
988,898 



738,056 3,234,415 528,283 4,252 1,767,319 

1,965 95,545 l| 1,345 730,996 

),057 311,812 10,624 6,845,487 



13,150,990 

9,678,107 

29,335,247 
1,121,834 
67,146,445 

1,816,205 
126,269,885 



1,370,487 
154,910 
418,015 



3,922,351 
3,859,279 



999,259 
1,085,228 



8,113,905 2,590,074 2,437.944 

257,065 63,416 116,184 

40,295,690 2,569,068 3,005,351 



924,777 52,200 33,600 
78,760,034 10,409,896 11,769,253 



562,878 
114,000 

228,571 



441,910 
499,025 

2,618,710 

1,785,101 

3,085,8S7 

77,465 

34,721,268 

838,977 
56,580,885 



484,322 
114,000 
115,466 



9,228,639 1,276,431 6,919 3,775,305 

5,818,828 550,938 5,485 3,304,214 

21,221,342 2,492,884 42,513 28,762,611 

864,769 101,933 1,348 661,992 

26,850,755 10,855,620 58,139 35,874,361 



891,428 t 362,117 
47,509,851 35,727,039 



807,609 
40,910 
189,471 



121,874 
26,992 
46,228 



701 
106,095 



448,582 
68,601,532 



486,106 
158.600 

139,034 



TOTALS FOR THE UNITED STATES. 

SPECIFIED INDUSTRIES : 1890— Continued. 



15 



Num- 
ber. 



Officers, firm members, 
and clerks. 



Males above 16 
years. 



t'ERAGE NOini-i: or loli'l.oYKS AND TOTAL 



Operatives, skilled and unskilled. 



Females above 
15 years. 



Males above 16 
years. 



Num- 
ber. 



Num- 
ji ber. 



Females above 
15 years. 



Num- 
ber. 



409,446 

965,686 
74,532 
27,114 
10,300 
24,729 

412,197 
8,568 
22,644 



432,470 
29,056 
29,702 
91,953 
88,504 

275,494 
34,888 
69,641 

8,886,887 
1,995,138 

1,599,563 
150,174 
297,182 
40,860 

2,007,911 



1,021,570 
13,080 
126,500 
28,434 
72,900 



1,102,892 
44,560 
115,868 



12,840 
12,696 



! 2 


870 

1,850 


2 


1,166 


3 

i 15 


2,220 
7,246 







2,492 1,550,531 79 



6,355,258 
395,852 
60,281 
43,636 
44,532 



3,248 
14,584 



3,654 

5,452 

4,352 

130,908 



6,242 

21,280 

881 

1,961 

46 

3,988 



14,119 
1,624 
2,150 



425,291 
53,596 
168,789 



759,173 
858,811 
182,689 



3,307,846 421 

10,340,749 4,627 

440,462 385 

1,044,155 240 

35,558 361 

2,177,014 2,190 



9,182,112 
45,540 

246,311 
58,003 

151,385 



59,772 
6,836 


4,490 
959 


12,624 


1,864 


4,240 
1,440 


822 
8,466 


11,153 


4,857 


10,850 


4,078 



6,907 

135 

7,375 


6,787,427 

168,329 

7,925,120 


204 


209.341 


17576 


16)197,805 


142 
39 
23 


143,500 
44,914 
27,370 



59,870 34,656 

1,752 ! 569 

300,250 35,780 



15,458 
1,079,368 



424,438 
5,233,229 



2,700,124 
2,217,258 



170,084 
36,925,542 



253,394 
98,972 
99,418 



Num- 
ber. 



Pieceworkers. 



Males above 16 
years. 



Females above 
15 years. 



Num- 
ber. 



Cost of 

materials 

used. 



Value of 
products, 
including 

receipts 
from cus- 
tom work 

and 
repairing. 



3,795 
4,132 



1,977 1,072.1511 



48,619 
121,729 
108,604 



1,040 
8,854 



23,124 
1,224 



20,916 
72,557 
20,936 



3,454,720 

10,470,779 
450,442 
634,634 
231,733 
431,231 



2,570 
1,340 
2,870 

76,928 

939 

219,170 



1,148,527 
100,624 
59,015 
72,422 
558,554 



1,250 
350 

15,968 

182 

4,312 

44,836 



34,211 
14,523 
39,544 



118,035 
204,486 
121,089 



150,212 
39,076 
27,340 



96,910 215 18,440 



2,175,: 
1,324,: 



9,213,188 

25,766,368 

1,515,865 

1,002,196 

363.400 

573,363 

19,335,947 
255,847 
599,720 



,184 8,656,530 16 

,320 738,680 17 

,518 1,603,265 18 

,295 3,877,822 19 

2,988,525 20 

3,505,973 21 

2,424,662 22 

3,260,766 23 



450,814 
14,484 
1,800 



75,501 ; 480 l 122,336 12 



7 824 23,102,359 
10 1,690 24,930,532 



300 3,572,027 

|i 85,269 

865 11,030,910 



547 i 2-l(',KM 



18,170 
9,819 
27,104 



708,820 
4,361 
25,106 



13,891,005 
59,491 
796,378 
123,214 
235,628 



74,309,388 

4,179.235 

7.431,726 

377,456 

32,620,182 



30,644,072 31 

164,450 32 

1,687,560 33 

351,775 34 

' 718,070 35 



16 3,473 67,918,723 85, 001, 198 38 

| 164,620 624,342 39 

560 1 1,107,269 2,121,1 



662,756 
23,115 


117 
16 


18,663 
2,658 


210,685 


21 


2,372 


31,368 
4,536 


15 
8 


1 ,875 ;! 
1,174 


200,457 


147 


25,733 


13,719 


111 


26,441 | 


26,234 

96,439 

2,640,833 


475 

63 

1,382 


91,263 

5,505 

248,486 


21,341 


24 


4,128 


2,444,092 


5,940 


638,913 


6,456 

12,570 
2,426 


"8 

7 


3,108 

1,124 

805 



623 346,509 

681 391,309 

259 ! 83,939 

161 91,178 

3,660 2,097,445 

38 26,634 

12,932 10,034,505 



55,285 


1 


120 


86,524 


7 


1,280 


6,266 
75 


4 


520 


80,340 


16 


2,097 


8,258 


4 


600 


156 






8,218 


9 


1,665 


1,596 
778,100 






24 


3,207 


27,262 










913 







5,328,541 9,790,855 43 



4,647,890 11,502,966 46 
5,853,709 : 11,960,464 j 47 



401,415 1,683,333 51 
38,955,322 ! 179,859,750 52 



567,638 1,459,434 . 53 
114,967 368,601 I 54 
122,851 352,582 55 



L6 



STATISTICS OF MANUFACTURES. 



Table 2.— THE UNITED STATES, BY 



AVERAGE NUMBER 

OF EMPLOYES AND 

TOTAL WAGES. 



MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES 



1 Pulp, wood 82 

2 Pulp from fiber other than wood 7 

3 Pumps, not including steam pumps 256 

4 Refrigerators 82 

5 Regaliaandsociety bannersandemblems. (See 137 

also Flags and banners.) 

6 Registers, carfare 7 

7 Registers, cash 5 

8 Rice cleaning and polishing 32 

9 Roofing and roofing materials. (See also Tin- 2,140 

smithing, coppersmithing, and sheet-iron 
working.) 

10 Rubber and elastic goods 139 

11 Rules, ivory and wood 16 

12 Saddlerv and harness 7 931 

13 Safes and vaults ' 39 

14 Salt 200 

15 Sand and emery paper and cloth 9 

16 Sausage. (See also Slaughtering.) 249 

17 Saws 95 

18 Scales and balances 76 

19 Screws, machine 20 

20 Screws, wood..... 7 

21 Sewing machine cases 7 

22 Sewing machine repairing 166 

23 Sewing machines and attachments 59 

24 Shipbuilding 1,010 

25 Shirts. (See also Furnishing goods, men's.) 869 

26 Shoddy 94 

27 Show cases 99 

28 Silk and silk goods 472 

29 Silversmithing 24 

30 Silverware. (See also Plated and britannia 30 



Slaughtering and meat packing, wholesale. 611 

(See also Lard, refined; Sausage.) 

Slaughtering, wholesale, not including meat 507 

packing. (See also Lard, refined ; Sausage.) 

Smelting and refining 50 

Soap and candles. (See also Grease and tal- 578 

Soda water apparatus. 12 

Sporting goods 136 

Springs, steel, car and carriage 57 

Stamped ware. (See also Tinsmithing, cop- 99 
persmithing, and sheet-iron working.) 

Starch g0 

Stationery goods, not elsewhere specified 200 

Steam fittings and heating apparatus. (See 217 
also Foundry and machine shop products.) 

Steam packing 34 

Stencils and brands 106 

Stereotyping and electrotyping. (See also 81 

Type founding ) 

Straw goods, not elsewhere specified. (See 6 
also Hats and caps, not including wool hats.) 

Sugar and molasses, refining 393 

Surgical appliances. (See also Artificial limbs.) 155 

Tarand turpentine 670 

Taxidermy 1 6 3 

Teasels 5 

Timber products not manufactured at mill 1.606 

Tinsmithing, coppersmithing, and sheet-i 
working. (See also Roofing and roofing ma- 
terials ; Stamped ware.) 

Tobacco, chewing, smoking, and snuff I 395 

Tobacco, cigars and cigarettes 10,956 

Tobacco, stemming and rehandling '292 

Tools, not elsewhere specified. (See also Cut 462 

lery and edge tools; Hardware.) 

Toys and games I39 

Trunks and valises. (See also Leather goods.)..! 395 

Type founding. (See also Stereotyping and I 38 

electrotyping.) 




30,841,316 7,526,380 1,463,852 3,204,161 2,858,367 

59,517,827 10,193,759 3,323,453 4,077,496 2,792,810 

5,735,610 869,735 197,635 482,375 189,725 

11,376,622 5,232,7 



2,781,185 
6,900,756 
4,968,309 



1,173,652 
1,854,899 
2,287,971 



23,311,936 19,463,749 31,267 .8, 568, 071 

49,324,068 17,673,063 : 98,156 TO, 767, 989 

4,865,875 424,869 6,504 1,455,946 

742,349 1,216,408 3,273,946 6,143,919 835,443 i 7,095 4,144,838 

159,050 ! 348,200 666,402 1,607,533 283,592 !! 3,440 I 1,346,850 

634,355 668,950 551,594 5,045,857 663,762 6,785 3,513,749 

86,500 177,500 2,023,971 2,6S0,338 236,907 il 2,172 1,401,749 



TOTALS FOR THE UNITED STATES. 

SPECIFIED INDUSTRIES : 1890— Continued. 



17 



Num- _ 
ber. W "8 e8 - 



AVERAGE NUMnKR OF EMPLOYES AND TOTAL 



Officers, firm members, 
and clerks. 



Males above 16 
years. 



Females above 
15 years. 



24,200 
314,781 
217,513 
283,998 



9,476 
37,234 
96,160 
2,353 2,067,893 



,577 5,089,938 

292 255,826 I 

197 188,174 ! 

47 52,263 . 



73 80,968 

19 33,810 

134 I 85,567 

268 ! 412,171 

1,112 ; 1,188,407 

1,376 1,426,295 

148,567 
156,098 
1,396 1,852,235 
56,498 
214,144 



2,809 
1,019 



3,138,108 
1,342,114 



171,463 
208,902 
385,795 



75,892 
134,023 
240,479 



424,347 
227,964 
26,914 
55,875 
1,040 



1,452 1,611,541 
10903 8,182,002 
""6 322,909 



261 ,377 
712,865 
269,350 



Wages. 



Operatives, skilled and unskilled. 



Males above 16 
years. 



2,536 $1,043,737 
52,581 
2,790 1,660 
1,420 I 1,542 749,663 

22,871 636 328,159 



450 90 54,076 

624 568 363,418 

; | 627 220,768 

20,619 10,644 6,390,445 



3,613 I 1,846,539 



36.869 

8,260,550 

1,932,460 

1,397,591 

100,156 



16,761 
3,412 
3,598 



356,607 
1,301,686 
641,616 
390,936 
357,241 



1,950 
65,642 
3,376 
9,312 



6,052 
23,499 
2,575 

1,243 
1,149 
11,478 



Females above 
15 years. 



Num' 
ber. 



447 



564,510 

106,455 

3,425,590 

14,212,969 

1,510,621 7,817 

532,238 i 405 

636,591 4 

6,254,114 19007 

187,260 ; 13 

1,302,637 



48,964 
7,414 



4,596 
2,926 
2,344 



1,300 
1,872 
4,627 



34,601 
6,130 



138,834 
196,787 
702,459 



2,352,446 


232 


219,127 


197 


2,818,631 


16 


43,002 


6 


13,337 


10 


8,298,903 


201 


4,364,601 


1,043 



9,372 11,274 3,630,623 6,550 

110,927 20,515 9,585,024 8,527 

4,520 ! 3,087 ! 710,637 1,215 

5,842 4,787 ' 2,627,648 J 112 



10,044 
10,134 
10,888 



749,257 

1,824,420 

482,933 



18,364 
1,323 
5,602 



19,243,991 


471 


3,735,117 


3 


950,000 
2,982,056 


1 

972 


496,284 


13 


444,502 


462 



4,752 

177,664 

2,272 

2,260,224 



796 

300 
238,784 

3,515 

109,694 



857 


190,206 


316 

1,560 


61,161 
404,784 


115 


42,808 


29 
14 
17 


8,038 
5,602 
10,143 



1,265,960 

2,327,476 

188,752 



101,228 
58,522 
71,083 



1,777 
10,750 
1,580 



45,131 
4,102 
5,916 



Pieceworkers. 



Males above 16 
years. 



Females above 
15 years. 



16,025 
42,108 
254,373 
23,772 



71,998 
26,344 
17,513 

2,700 
14,136 
407,321 



119,989 

8,887 

400 
69,415 

2,375 

21,768 
4,362 
71,211 



2,054 
2,301 
11,464 



19 ! 7,599 

4,615 2,335,574 

364 ! 192,333 

457 148,356 



352 , 240,731 



565 255,133 



1,059,292 
592,142 
1,047,458 17,746 4,348,166 



2,012 

66,203 

3,095,417 



655,135 
253,647 



225, S97 
283,342 
49,685 



48,331 

41,074 

66,363 
260,405 
585,684 



3,056 
2,920 
79,011 



11,860 
6,403 
72,761 



72,825 
2',446,'275 



527 l 130,623 



Num- 
ber. 



3,668 952,199 4,014 

18,937 19,281,741 15,687 

717 I 105,296 426 



20,808 
36,222 



2,652 
11,684 
9,419 



20,493 

998 

2,268 



2,860 
'9,513 



2,500 

600 
9,467 



Cost of 

materials 

used. 



Value of 
products, 
including 

receipts 
from cus- 
tom work 

and 
repairing. 



$2,005,166 $4,627,796 

126,902 524,243 

1,681,275 4,103,410 

2,377,958 4.513,616 

1,246,906 3,203,890 



32,618 141,320 

222,576 1,281,500 

5,601,206 6,693,196 

14,712,379 29,412,813 



11,113,528 18,708,917 

34,325 154,173 

24,674,225 52,970,801 

2,635,313 6,641,844 

1,826,770 5,484,618 

781,505 1,249,647 



1,935,170 

2,346,401 

867,955 

331,701 

900,676 



3,055,367 
5,572,992 
2,322,744 
1,183.341 
2,326,645 



1,119,: 
2,219, 
5,229,: 



107,758,811 123,118,259 
524,488 1,650,033 



2,874,693 
37,727 
50,362 



8,077,379 
231,773 
84,700 



15,842 1,340 

21,422 373 
19,422 

7,372 



774,640 1,549 97,839 29,192,249 65,843,587 

4 H47.2S9 1,134 150,188 50,298,960 129,693,275 

64,867 ! 127 9,280 12,813,108 16,209,761 

3,517,269 10 528,025 



538 340,431 



67,219 


92 15,045 


1,453,738 


3,749,755 


21 ,264 


51 9,932 


4,703,982 


10,821,621 


210,577 


60 9,115 


1,434,092 


3,916,904 



20 



990,439 2,249,551 21 

86,816 385,941 22 

3,502,173 12,823,147 ! 23 

16,925,109 40,342.115 24 

15,704,353 33,638,593 25 

26 



366,993,662 433,252,315 
113,968,549 1128,359,353 



1,016,202 2,711,879 



:, 709, 449 
,331,571 
1,475,271 



,003,372 
732,611 
:,183,>jU9 



US— 3 



18 



STATISTICS OF MANUFACTURES. 



Table 2.— THE UNITED STATES, BY 





MECHANICAL AND MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES. 


Num- 
ber of 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 

port- 
ing. 


CAPITAL. 


Miscel- 
laneous 
expenses. 


AVERAGE NUMBER 

OF EMPLOYES AND 

TOTAL WAGES. 




Aggregate. 


Value of plant. 


Live assets. 


Aggregates. 




Total. 


Land. 


Buildings. 


Machin- 
ery, tools, 

and im- 
plements. 




Aver- 
age 
num- 
ber. 


Total 

wages. 


1 




30 
435 

152 

140 
15 

694 
163 
32 

45 
4,502 

19 
9 

26 
81 
77 

182 
24 
569 

4 

872 

167 

32 

1,311 

143 
8 
12 


$1,421,783 
5,616,289 
4,427,654 

11,308,943 
175,225 

5,858,395 

1,712,953 

661,784 

4,727,100 
6,057,125 

10,106,114 
221,358 

1,116,359 
1,632,404 
2,463,231 

4,167,457 
11,607,685 
11,757,902 

262,718 
7,825,668 

2,711,609 

4,142,221 

130,989,940 

68,085,116 
1,007,320 
2,952,222 


$615,948 

897,622 

1,441,558 

2,703,849 
35,250 

3,685,561 
588,735 
361,250 

1,495,991 
3,251,016 

4,941,217 
12,575 

433,816 
357,958 
716,106 

1,300,655 
5,297,694 
5,178,999 

241,000 
3,930,607 

1,474,902 
1,194,389 
57,820,243 

27,890,810 

553,500 

2,036,050 


$35,350 
159,350 
343,629 

743,525 
3,000 

880,388 
100,580 
55,500 

127,850 
877,854 

679,971 


$47,050 
187,303 
467,290 

1,083,116 
1,500 

1,188,302 
184,379 
56,100 

404,500 
818,144 

1,554,510 


$533,548 
550,969 
630,639 

877,208 
30,750 

1,616,871 
303,776 
249,650 

963,641 
1,555,018 

2,706,736 
12,575 

155,830 
212,252 
355,967 

703,855 
2,863,320 
2,882,332 

186,000 
2,386,470 

618,689 

668,934 

31,952,849 

17,085,176 

305,500 

1,151,855 


$805,835 
4,748,667 
2,986,096 

8,605,094 
139,975 

2,172,834 

1,124,218 

300,534 

3,231,109 
2,806,079 

5,164,897 
208,783 

682,543 
1,274,446 
1,747,125 

2,866,802 
6,309,991 
6,578,903 

21,718 
3,895,061 

1,236,707 
2,947,835 
73,169,697 

40,194,306 
453,820 
916,172 


$119,773 
961,328 
244,043 

1,310,811 
25,388 

355,334 
82,444 
29,099 

443,175 
1,047,575 

733,404 
13,297 

86,125 
245,962 
171,781 

1,298,181 
447,480 
858,877 

13,385 

624,837 

200,961 

249.568 

8,402,623 

4,917,760 
76,723 
219,518 


1,735 
6,863 
3,479 

1,851 

205 

3,388 

1,239 

563 

3,869 
8,647 

6,675 

79 

620 
1,087 
1,295 

2,399 

7,804 

; 7,917 

95 
8,430 

3,101 

3,592 
79,351 

43,593 

! 1,082 

1,748 


$1,078,203 
3,204,797 
1,454,062 

1,749,061 
160,594 

1,149,069 
589,523 
292,497 

2,116,286 
5,516,595 

3,688,927 
53,713 

297,508 
544,522 
691,583 

1,437,771 
4,183,802 
3,983,209 

42,009 
4,226,923 

1,237,334 
1,363,944 
28,478,931 

15,880,183 
653,096 
622,080 


3 


Upholstery materials. (See also Carpets and 
rugs, other than rag ; Woolen goods ; Worsted 
goods.) 


5 


Vault lights and ventilators. (See also Foun- 
dry and machine shop products.) 






8 


Watch and clock materials. (See also Clock 
cases and materials.) 


10 


Watch, clock, and jewelry repairing. (See also 
Jewelry.) 




Whalebone and rattan. (See also Baskets 
and rattan and willow ware.) 




110,811 
51,094 
134,723 

205,900 
928,655 
917,012 

37.000 
637,509 

319,668 

144,350 

6,534,819 

2,842,769 
80,000 
179,276 


167,175 
94,612 
225,416 

390,900 
1,505,719 
1,379,625 

18,000 
906,628 

506,515 

381,105 

19,332,575 

7,962,865 
168,000 
704,919 


















18 


Wirework, including wire rope and cable. 
(See also Mattresses and spring beds.) 


20 


Wood, turned and carved. (See also Lumber, 
planing mill products, including sash, doors, 
and blinds.) 






23 

24 
25 


Woolen goods. (See also Carpets and rugs, 
other than rag; Felt goods ; Gloves and mit- 
tens ; Hosiery and knit goods.) 







a Industries in which less than three establishments are reported are grouped in order to avoid disclosing the operations of individual establishments. 
These establishments are distributed as follows : fuel, artificial, 2 ; phonographs and graphophones, 2 ; racking hose, 1 ; rubber, vulcanized, 1 ; sugar and molasses, 
beet, 2; thread, linen, 2 ; tinfoil, 2. 



TOTALS FOR THE UNITED STATES. 

SPECIFIED INDUSTRIES : 1890— Continued. 



19 



Officers] firm members, 
and clerks. 



Males above 16 
years. 



Num- 
ber. 



S 126, 154 
721,637 
229,938 



425,098 
156,750 
51,138 



Females above 
15 years. 



173 ! 212,763 
3,803 2,645,708 



44,579 
140,070 
126,995 

413,517 
323,832 
872,028 

12,692 
883,549 



211 182,411 

89 I 112,661 

2,355 2,310,323 



923,838 
38,270 
59,848 



S6.573 
47,300 
2,210 



NUMBER OF EMPLOYES AND TOTAL WAGES— COlltjr 



Operatives, skilled and unskilled. 



Males above 16 
years. 



Females above 
15 years. 



Num- 
ber. 



3656,143 154 

1,348,737 1,831 

778,629 554 



1,740 438 190,623 

1,310 530 261,669 

8,813 1,077 541,580 



706,555 
346,516 
197,902 



Wages. 



$46,759 
575,218 
168,778 



9,140 
4,827 
29,834 



4,510 
1,301 
29,414 



11,379 

""2, '600 



1,523 
7,363 
4,585 



17,962 
1,017 



805,563 
3,717,636 
2,209,385 

29,317 
3,050,088 



105,581 
12,952 
122,535 



772,335 , H 3,436 

619,606 523 118,547 

16,307,265 25672 7,120,875 



613,926 
352,476 



5,089,269 
" '159,404 



Pieeeworkrrs. 



Males above 16 
years. 



Females above 
15 years. 



Num- 
ber. 



3241,270 3 
140,666 1,093 
169,945 338 



1,291 
3,379 
2,098 

3,645 
18,212 



1,026 
1,470 



11,415 
16,948 
668,963 



Sl,050 
347,615 
78,645 



2,326 1,472,244 1,' 



59,510 
62,980 
10,825 

82,651 
123,778 
592,759 



19,631 

2,000 

115,683 



449 200,613 



242,607 117 15,966 
360,424 598 133,114 
1,780 752,058 4,487 1,250,399 



2,355 



4,654 
1,337 
39,034 



Cost of 

materials 

used. 



Value of 
products, 
including 

receipts 
from cus- 
tom work 

and 
repairing. 



3632,723 33,630,126 
7,562,921 13,771,927 
3,013,253 5,733,039 



3,268,455 

1,354,550 

314,674 



6,649,300 

2,489,175 

787,310 



637,720 1,185,565 13 

821,614 2,153,818 14 

1,123,947 2,475,050 15 

5,341,874 9,239,669 16 

15,038,540 22,012,804 17 

8,325,435 15,552,857 18 



1,498,773 3,597,602 21 
2,802,041 5,329,921 22 
82,270,335 133,577,977 ! 23 



50,706,769 
2,005,682 
1,773,808 



79,194,652 , 24 
2,976,730 25 
3,142,145 26 



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