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Full text of "Extra census bulletin"

cM 



b *HA20I . I890.A2 



Aug. 1894- 
Jan. 18 9c 




Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Boston Public Library 



http://www.archive.org/details/extracensusbulle98unit 









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Rec J d MAR 15 
A.M. 



Extra Census Bulletin 



No. 98. 



WASHINGTON, D. C. 



January 24, 1895. 



STATISTICS OF FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES. 



OWNERSHIP AND DEBT-SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, 

Census Office, 
Washington, D. C, December 21, 1894. 
Sir: 

In this bulletin will be found the principal results of the investigation of farm and home proprietorship and 
indebtedness, made under the authority of a special act of Congress and conducted by Special Agents George K. 
Holmes and John S. Lord. It was a difficult undertaking and one without a precedent. 

The statistical unit is the family, and, for some purposes, it is necessary to let the owner of the farm or home, 
or the head of the family if the farm or home is hired, be the representative unit. The procedure was to ascertain 
whether a member of the family owned the farm or home; if not, then the family was counted as hiring its farm 
or home, and no further inquiries were made in regard to it ; but if it was found that some member was the owner, 
then inquiry was made as to whether there was a mortgage on the farm or home, and if not, no further inquiries 
were made. If a mortgage was found, the final inquiries were as to the amount of the debt unpaid, the value of 
the whole farm or home, the rate of interest on the debt, and the reason why the debt was incurred. All of the 
families of the United States are embraced within these classifications, which perhaps may be better understood by 
the following arrangement : 



Farm families. 



Home families.. 



Owning the farms occupied by them.. 
Hiring the farms occupied by them. 

Owning the homes occupied by them. 
Hiring the homes occupied by them. 



f Free of incumbrance. 



1 c , • , , • , f With statement of value, incumbrance, 

I Subject to incumbrance < c ■ * .. j i • .. *• j i.± 

J ^ rate ot interest, and object ot debt. 



Free of incumbrance. 
Subject to incumbrance. 



/ With statement of value, incumbrance, 
' \ rate of interest, and object of debt. 



There are 12,690,152 families in the United States, and of these families 52.20 per cent hire their farms or homes 
and 47.80 per cent own them, while 27.97 per cent of the owning families own subject to incumbrance and 72.03 
per cent own free of incumbrance. Among 100 families, on the average, 52 hire their farms or homes, 13 own with 
incumbrance, and 35 without incumbrance. On the owned farms and homes there are liens amounting to $2,132,949,563, 
which is 37.50 per cent of the value of the incumbered farms and homes, and this debt bears interest at the average 
rate of 6.65 per cent. Each owned and incumbered farm or home, on the average, is worth $3,352, and is subject 
to a debt of $1,257. 

In regard to the families occupying farms, the conclusion is, that 34.08 per cent of the families hire and 65.92 
per cent own the farms cultivated by them ; that 28.22 per cent of the owning families own subject to incumbrance 
and 71.78 per cent own free of incumbrance. Among 100 farm families, on the average, 34 hire their farms, 19 
own with incumbrance, and 47 without incumbrance. On the owned farms there are liens amounting to $1,085,995,960, 
which is 35.55 per cent of the value of the incumbered farms, and this debt bears interest at the average rate of 
7.07 per cent. Each owned and incumbered farm, on the average, is worth $3,444, and is subject to a debt of 
$1,224. 

C. O. P.— llm 



2 FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 

The corresponding facts for the families occupying homes are, that 63.10 per cent hire and 36.90 per cent own 
their homes; that of the home owning families, 72.30 per cent own free of incumbrance and 27.70 per cent with 
incumbrance. In 100 home families, on the average, 63 hire their homes, 10 own with incumbrance, and 27 without 
incumbrance. The debt on owned homes aggregates $1,0-16,953,603, or 39.77 per cent of the value of the incumbered 
homes, and bears interest at the average rate of 6.23 per cent. An average debt of $1,293 incumbers each home, 
which has an average value of $3,250. 

There ai-e 420 cities and towns that have a population of 8,000 to 100,000, and in these cities and towns 64.04 
per cent of the home families hire and 35.96 per cent own their homes, and of the home owning families 34.11 per 
cent own with incumbrance and 65.89 per cent own free of incumbrance. In 100 home families, on the average, 
are found 64 that hire their homes, 12 that own with incumbrance, and 24 that own without incumbrance. The 
liens on the owned homes are 39.55 per cent of the value of those subject to lien. Several averages show that the 
rate of interest is 6.29 per cent ; value of each owned and incumbered home, $3,447 ; lien on the same, $1,363. 

The cities that have a population of 100,000 and over number 28, and in these cities 77.17 per cent of the home 
families hire and 22.83 per cent own their homes ; 37.80 per cent of the home owning families have incumbrance 
on their homes, and 62.20 per cent own and occupy homes free of incumbrance. Among 100 home families, on the 
average, 77 hire, 9 own with incumbrance, and 14 without incumbrance. Averages for each owned and incumbered 
home: incumbrance, $2,337 ; value, $5,555; rate of interest, 5.75 per cent. Homes are incumbered for 42.07 per 
cent of their value. 

Such wards in cities of 100,000 population and over as have a percentage of home tenancy above 90 are exhibited 
in Table 6. There are 77 of these wards out of a total of 537 wards, counting "Washington, D. C, as one ward, 
among them being all but 2 of the 24 wards of New York. The highest degree of city home tenancy is in New 
York, and is represented by 93.67 per cent. New York is the congested part of a large urban region, and " a 
greater New York " may more fairly be taken into consideration. In New York city and the 9 counties in New 
York state and New Jersey that are neighboring to that city, 83.54 per cent of the home families are tenants ; in 
that city and in 19 cities having a population greater than 8,000, and situated in New York state and New Jersey, 
all of the 19 by interest and situation virtually parts of New York city, the home tenant families are 86.37 per 
cent of the entire number of home families. A percentage somewhere between this one and the percentage 
representing the 10 counties is more fairly the percentage to represent the home tenancy in the New York 
metropolitan district, say 85 per cent. This percentage is a little higher than the one representing Boston, where 
it is 81.57, and of the cities of 100,000 population and over, Boston is second to New York in the high percentage 
representing its home tenancy. In Berlin, in 1890, it was ascertained that 96.65 per cent of the families lived in 
hired homes. 

For the purpose of comparing urban with nonurban regions with respect to the proprietorship of homes, totals 
have been made for the entire country outside of cities and towns of 8,000 population and over. In this nonurban 
region 56.22 per cent of the home families hire and 43.78 per cent own their homes, and of the home owning families 
23.09 own with incumbrance and 76.91 own free of incumbrance. In 100 home families, on the average, are found 
56 that hire their homes, 10 that own with incumbrance, and 34 that own without incumbrance. The liens on the 
owned homes are 37.70 per cent of the value of those subject to lien. The average rate of interest is 6.69 per cent ; 
average value of each owned and incumbered home, $2,244, and average lien on the same, $846. 

In Table 13 percentages are presented to show the relative size of various classes of farms and homes grouped 
with respect to the amounts of their value and incumbrance ; but it should be borne in mind that the farms and 
homes represented in this table, as in all tables for value or incumbrance, are those that are occupied by owners 
and are subject to incumbrance. Of the families owning such farms and homes, 19.74 per cent own those that are 
worth less than $1,000 ; 36.19 per cent own those that are worth $1,000 and under $2,500 ; 25.25 per cent own those 
that are worth $2,500 and less than $5,000 ; 13.24 per cent own those worth $5,000 and under $10,000 ; 5.58 per 
cent own those that are worth $10,000 and over, and 0.83 of 1 per cent own farms and homes worth $25,000 and 
over. 

An inequality of distribution of value is apparent when the foregoing percentages are compared with those 
that represent the values of the farms and homes owned by the families of the various classes mentioned. The 
value of the farms and homes that are worth less than $1,000 is 3.45 per cent of the value of all owned and 
incumbered farms and homes; the value of those worth $1,000 and under $2,500 is 16.71 per cent of the total; 
of those worth $2,500 and under $5,000, 24.98 per cent; of those worth $5,000 and under $10,000, 25.46 per cent; 
of those worth $10,000 and over, 29.40 per cent, and of those worth $25,000 and over, 10.30 per cent. 

In the classification for incumbrance it appears that 60.05 per cent of the families occupying owned and 
incumbered farms and homes have incumbrances of less than $1,000, and the amount of the incumbrance is 20.70 
per cent of the total amount on all owned and incumbered farms and homes ; and in the case of incumbrances 
amounting to $5,000 and over, the families are represented by 3.69 per cent of the total, and the amount of incumbrance 
by 24.49 per cent. 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 3 

Table 15 shows how the families and the incumbrances have been classified according to rates of interest. Of 
the total number of families occupying owned and incumbered farms and homes, 10.77 per cent pay rates of interest 
that are less than 6 per cent ; 35.39 per cent pay 6 per cent ; 73.00 per cent pay from 6 to 8 per cent, inclusive ; 
53.84 per cent pay rates greater than 6 percent; 16.23 per cent pay rates greater than 8 per cent; 1.87 per cent 
pay rates greater than 10 per cent, and 0.44 of 1 per cent pay rates greater than 12 per cent. 

The percentages representing incumbrance for the various rates of interest show that the larger incumbrances 
bear the lower rates of interest, as a general fact. The amount of incumbrance bearing interest at less than 6 per 
cent is 22.20 per cent of the total incumbrance ; the amount at 6 per cent is 34.44 per cent ; the amount at 8 per 
cent is 14.50 per cent; the amount at 6 to 8 per cent, inclusive, is 66.82 per cent; the amount at rates greater than 
6 per cent is 43.36 per cent; the amount bearing rates greater than 8 per cent is 10.98 per cent ; the amount bearing 
rates greater than 10 per cent, 1.33 per cent; the amount bearing rates greater than 12 per cent, 0.27 of 1 per 
cent. 

Eeal estate purchase and improvements, when not associated with other objects, caused 76.51 per cent of the 
families occupying owned and incumbered farms and homes to incur 77.67 per cent of the farm and home debt; 

71.40 per cent of the farm families to incur 74.22 per cent of the farm debt, and 82.11 per cent of the home families 
to incur 81.24 per cent of the home debt. 

The objects of real estate purchase and improvements, business, and the purchase of the more durable kinds of 
personal property, when not associated with other objects, are represented by 85.30 per cent of the families occupying 
owned and incumbered farms and homes and by 88.00 per cent of the incumbrance ; by 80.80 per cent of the number 
of farm families and by 83.51 per cent of the farm incumbrance ; by 90.23 per cent of the number of home families 
and by 92.66 per cent of the home incumbrance. 

The enumerators returned a description of each farm and home owner and of the head of each tenant family, 
and the more important particulars of description are contained in the tables of this bulletin. The description 
embraces color, place of birth, nativity of parents, age, and sex. 

Of the white proprietors, 51.48 per cent are owners ; of the negroes, 17.50 per cent ; of those of mixed white 
and negro parentage, 25.23 per cent ; of the Indians not on reservations, 65.12 per cent; of the Chinese and Japanese, 
13.72 per cent. The white owners of farms and homes that are free of incumbrance are 71.23 per cent of all white 
owners; of the negroes, 89.29 per cent; of those of mixed parentage, 87.12 per cent; of the Indians, 95.66 per 
cent ; of the Chinese and Japanese, 96.97 per cent. The percentages of ownership are slightly higher for women 
than for men, and free ownership is also higher among women, except with the Indians and Chinese and Japanese. 

Upon examining the results for farm proprietors, it is found that 71.65 per cent of the whites are owners ■ 
20.78 per cent of the negroes; 28.89 per cent of those of mixed blood ; 79.25 per cent of the Indians, and 10.12 per 
cent of the Chinese and Japanese; while for homes, 39.41 per cent of the whites are owners; 15.36 per cent of the 
negroes ; 23.19 per cent of those of mixed blood ; 52.86 per cent of the Indians, and 13.88 per cent of the Chinese 
and Japanese. The white farm owners who are free of incumbrance are 71.03 per cent of all white owners- of 
the negroes, 90.13 per cent; of those of mixed parentage, 88.68 per cent; of the Indians, 95.31 per cent; of the 
Chinese and Japanese, 86. S9 per cent, and the corresponding figures for homes are nearly the same. In the 58 cities 
of 50,000 population and over, 24. 8S per cent of the white proprietors are owners; of the negroes, 8.85 per cent • 
of those of mixed blood, 13.22 per cent; of the Indians, 6.81 per cent, and of the Chinese and Japanese, 1.78 per 
cent. 

With respect to place of birth, the proprietors are confined to white persons, divided into 13 classes, and in 
the total for farms and homes 52.99 per cent of the native proprietors are owners ; of those from Austria-Hungary, 
41.11 per cent ; from Canada and Newfoundland (English), 46.73 per cent; from Canada and Newfoundland (French), 

31.41 per cent; from England and "Wales, 45.79 per cent; from France, 47.46 per cent; from Germany, 52.47 per 
cent; from Ireland, 43.53 per cent; from Italy, 14.51 per cent; from Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, 60.64 per 
cent; from Eussia and Poland, 31.38 per cent; from Scotland, 44.88 per cent, and from all other countries, 47.43 
per cent. 

The native farm proprietors are exceeded in ownership by the natives of all of the countries mentioned except 
Italy, the percentage for native owners being 69.35 and for the Italians 67.57 ; the highest percentage is 86.93 for 
the Irish. Ownership is more prevalent among natives than among foreign born proprietors in the case of homes 
than it is among farm proprietors. Of the native proprietors of homes, 40.52 per cent are owners, and this percentage 
is exceeded only by that of the Germans (42.76 per cent), and by that of the natives of Norway, Sweden, and 
Denmark (41.83 per cent). The lowest percentage representing the ownership of homes for place of birth is 12.14 
for the Italians; next above that is 21.71 for the natives of Eussia and Poland, and third in order is 23.04 for the 
French Canadians. 

The ownership of homes in the 58 principal cities is nearly as great among the foreign born as among the 
natives. Among the native home proprietors in these cities, 23.41 per cent are owners, and this percentage is 
exceeded by that for England and Wales, France, Germany, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, Scotland, 



4 FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 

and for unmentioned foreign countries, the highest percentage being 31.85 for the Germans. The lowest percentage 
is 6.28 for the Italians ; next above is 13.87 per cent for the French Canadians, and third in order is 14.87 for the 
natives of Russia and Poland. 

The nativity of parents of the white native farm and home proprietors is shown for the purpose of comparing 
those with native parentage with those of foreign parentage, and the results are, that for the total of farms and 
homes, 54.66 per cent of the proprietors who have both parents native born are owners, and 43.31 per cent of those 
who have one or botli parents foreign born. The percentages for farm owners are 69.20 for those who have both 
parents native born and 70.93 for those who have one or both parents foreign born; while in the case of homes, 
42.12 per cent of the proprietors, both of whose parents were native born, are owners, and the corresponding 
percentage for the owners who have one or both parents foreign born is 33.77. In the 5S principal cities, of the 
home proprietors whose parents were both native born, 24.56 per cent are home owners and of the proprietors, one 
or both of whose parents were foreign born, 21.25 per cent are home owners. In comparing these two classes of 
propi'ietors, it should be borne in mind that the proprietors whose parents were native born are older than those 
whose parents were foreign born, for the reason that a large portion of the foreign born parents have not been in 
this country long enough to have children who have lived beyond the younger years of life, and consequently a 
large portion of these children are living at youug ages at which tenancy is the more prominent. This is noticed 
upon reference to the ages of farm and home proprietors of the country. 

The total for both sexes and for farms and homes shows that, of the proprietors under 25 years of age, 20. OS 
per cent are owners ; of the proprietors of 25 to 29 years, 27.50 per cent ; of 30 to 34 years, 36.77 per cent; of 35 
to 39 years, 42.42 per cent ; of 40 to 44 years, 48.65 per cent; of 45 to 49 years, 52.64 per cent ; of 50 to 54 years, 
56.82 per cent; of 55 to 59 years, 62.79 per cent, and of the proprietors of 60 years of age and over, 68.69 per 
cent. Percentages are generally somewhat higher for women than for men. 

Farm ownership is more prevalent at all ages than home ownership. With respect to farm proprietors under 
25 years of age, 32.55 per cent are owners, and the percentage iucreases with age up to 83.42 per cent for owners 
of 60 years of age and over. Among home proprietors of less than 25 years of age, 13.48 per cent are owners, and 
the percentage increases without interruption to 57.93 per cent for owners of 60 years of age and over. With 
increasing age in the 58 principal cities the percentage of home proprietors who are owners increases from 7.26 for 
owners of less than 25 years of age to 40.47 for owners who are 60 years old and over. 

Ownership is more prevalent among female farm and home proprietors (including tenants) than among male 
proprietors; the ownership of the women being represented by 57.11 per cent and of the men by 46.23 per cent; 
while for farms, the male ownership is 64.37 per cent and the female 84.35 per cent ; for homes, 33. S9 per cent for 
males and 50.21 per cent for females. The women exceed the men also in the 58 principal cities, whei^e, of the 
male home proprietors, 22.59 per cent are owners and of the female, 30.94 per cent. One reason for the difference 
between the figures for the two sexes is the custom that makes the husband instead of the wife the head of the 
family, so that if the family hires its farm or home the husband and not the wife is counted as the head of the tenant 
family. The ownership of farms and homes is divided between the two sexes in the proportion of 82.75 per cent 
to the males and 17.25 per cent to the females ; for farms, 90.06 per cent to the males and 9.94 per cent to the females- 
while for homes it is 74.89 per cent to males and 25.11 per cent to females, that is to say, slightly more than 
one-quarter of the 2,923,671 owned homes of the United States are owned by women and about one-tenth of the 
3,142,746 owned farms. 

Very respectfully, 

CAEEOLL D. WEIGHT, 

Commissioner of Labor in charge. 

The Secretary of the Interior. 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 5 

TABLE 1.— NUMBER AND PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES OCCUPYING OWNED AND HIRED AND FREE AND INCUMBERED 
FARMS AND HOMES, BY STATES AND TERRITORIES : 1890. 



STATES AND TERRITORIES. Aggregate. 



The United States.. 

Alabama 

Arizona ; 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia.... 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

"Washington 

West Virginia 

"Wisconsin 

"Wyoming 



12,690,152 

287,292 
13.495 
2t3,620 
245,710 
84,276 

165,890 
34,578 
43,967 
SO, 059 

352,059 

18,113 
778,015 
467,146 
388,517 
297,358 

354,463 
214,123 
150,355 
202,179 
479,790 

455,004 
247,975 
241,148 
528,295 
27,501 

206,820 
10,170 
87,3)8 

308,339 
35,504 

1,308,015 
306,952 
38,478 
785,291 
15,029 

63,791 
1,061,626 
75,010 
222,941 
70,250 

334,194 
411,251 
38,816 
75,869 
304,673 

70,977 
140,359 
335,456 

12,065 



101,171 
117,925 
41,649 



13,133 
11,225 
40,135 
110,639 

12,998 
386,374 
268,724 
245,461 
181,328 

176,196 
63,303 
99,761 
77,217 

175,053 

287,182 
161,031 

78.610 
273.577 

14,781 

124,529 
6,124 

48,822 
109,941 

24,687 

491 ,283 
138,515 

30,076 
426,366 

13,059 

39,392 
462,499 
22,219 
64,141 

52,886 



95,564 
6,512 
96,577 
87,018 
31,765 

40,457 
8,493 
8,578 

38,680 
107,117 

11,514 

260,124 
188,871 
141,389 
91,057 

167,599 
60, 8U 
78,040 
56,290 

108,804 

169,475 
92,646 
73,163 

182,472 
12,776 

66,071 
5,715 
37,381 
59,548 



290,025 
131,746 

16,414 
302.943 

13,059 

29,400 

325,91)1 
14,636 
59,308 
26,949 



29,488 

67.678 

145,598 

5,267 



28,518 
4,640 
2,647 
1,455 
3,522 

1,484 
126,250 

79,853 
104,072 

90,271 

8,597 
2,492 
21,721 
20,927 
66,249 

117,707 
68,385 

5,447 
91,105 

2,005 

58,458 



201,258 
6,769 
13,662 

123,423 



136.595 
7,583 
4,833 
25,937 

5,820 
9,934 
1,987 
19.185 
4,543 



Families 
hiring. 



187,771 
6,635 
112,449 
127,785 
42,627 

96,915 
21,445 
32,742 
39,924 
241,420 

5,115 
391,641 
198.422 
143,056 
116,030 

178,267 
150,820 
50,594 
124,962 
304,737 

167,822 
86,944 
162,538 
254,718 
12,720 

82,291 
4,016 
38,526 
198,398 
10,817 

816,732 

168,437 

8,402 



24,399 
599.127 

52,791 
158,800 

17,364 

183,814 
221,345 
11,720 
29,285 
174,531 

32,456 

60,990 

104,482 

5,988 



PERCENTAGE OF 

FAMILIES OWNING 
AND HIRING. 



34.64 
50.83 
47.36 
47.99 
49.42 

41.58 
37.98 
25.53 
50.13 
31.43 

71.76 
49.66 
57.52 
63.18 
60.98 

49.71 
29,56 
66.35 
38.19 
36.49 

63.12 
64.94 
32.60 



60.21 
60.22 
55.89 



61.75 
43.57 
29.62 
28.77 
75,28 

45.00 
46.18 
69.81 
61.40 
42.72 

54.27 
56.55 
68.85 
50.37 



PERCENTAGE OF 
FAMILIES OWNING 
FREE AND INCUM- 
BERED OF TOTAL 
OWNING FAMILIES. 



65.36 
49.17 
52.64 
52.01 
50.58 

58.42 
62.02 
74.47 
49.87 
68.57 

28.24 
50.34 
42.48 
36.82 
39.02 

50.29 
70.44 
33.65 
61.81 
63.51 

36.88 
35.06 
67.40 
48.22 
46.25 

39.79 
39.78 
44.11 
64.34 
30.47 

62.44 
54.87 
21.84 
45.71 
13.11 



56.43 
70.38 
71.23 
21.72 

55.00 
53.82 
30.19 
38.60 
57.28 

45.73 
43.45 
31.15 



96.02 
94.93 
95.46 
73.79 
76.27 

58.65 
64.67 
76.42 
96.37 



88.58 
67.32 
70.28 
57.60 
50.22 

95.12 
96.06 
78.23 
72.90 
62.15 

59.01 
57.53 
93.07 
66.70 
86.44 



97.08 

59.03 
95.11 
54.58 
71.05 
100.00 

74.63 
70.47 
65.87 
92.47 
50.96 

96.13 
94.77 
92.67 
58.82 
96.51 

76.55 
85.27 
63.04 
86.67 



5.07 
4.54 
26.21 
23.73 



11.42 
32.68 
29.72 



3.94 
21.77 
27.10 
37.85 

40.99 
42.47 
6.93 
33.30 
13.56 

46.94 
6.68 
23.43 
45.84 
2.92 

40.97 



25.37 
29.53 
34.13 
7.53 
49.04 



2.3.45 
14.73 

36.96 
13.33 



PERCENTAGE OF 

FAMILIES OWNING 
FREE AND INCUM- 
BERED OF TOTAL 
OWNING AND 
HIRING FAMILIES. 



33.26 
48.25 
45.21 
35.41 
37.69 

24.39 
24.56 
19.51 
48.31 
30.43 

63.57 
33.43 
40.43 
36.39 
30.62 

47.28 
28.40 
51.90 
27.84 



30.34 
34.54 
46.46 



22.17 
42.92 
42.66 

38.58 



46.09 
30.70 
19.51 
26.60 
38.36 

43.26 
43 .'76 
61.69 
36.11 
41.23 

41.51 
48.22 
43.40 
43.66 



2.15 

13.58 
11.73 

17.19 
13.42 
6.02 
1.82 
1.00 



30.36 

2.43 
1.16 
14.45 
10.35 
13.81 

25.87 



7.29 

28.26 
4.02 
13.10 
16.35 
2.03 

15.39 



10.11 
2.17 
36.92 



6 FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES-OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 

Table 2.— NUMBER AND PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES OCCUPYING OWNED AND HIRED AND FREE AND INCUMBERED 

FARMS, BY STATES AND TERRITORIES: 1890. 



STATES AND TERRITORIES. 


Aggregate. 


FAl 


ILIES OWNING. 


Families 
hiring. 


PERCENTAGE OP 

FAMILIES OWNING 

AND HIRING. 


PERCENTAGE OF 
FAMILIES OWNING 
FREE AND INCUM- 
BERED OF TOTAL 
OWNING FAMILIES. 


PERCENTAGE OF 
FAMILIES OWNING 
FREE AND INCUM- 
BERED OF TOTAL 

OWNING AND 
HIRING FAMILIES. 




Total. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 


Owning. 


Hiring. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 


The United States... 


4,767,179 


3,142,746 


2,255,789 


886,957 


1,624,433 


65.92 


34.08 


71.78 


28.22 


47.32 


18.60 




166,690 
2,299 

146,970 
55,534 
19,178 

26,439 

9,381 

387 

36,625 

175,688 

7.997 
252,953 
205,331 
205,435 
171,145 

188,560 
79,705 
62,122 
41,372 
34,576 

176,764 
117,893 
161,080 
250,832 
6,441 

115.928 
1,514 
29,151 
31,942 
9,518 

226,632 
182,791 

28,225 
256,264 

10,419 

27,639 

211,472 

5,500 

117,405 

49,540 

183,726 
248,782 
11,884 
32,573 
132,790 

24,047 

76,157 

148,349 

3,534 


71,929 
1,842 
79,275 
42,252 
15,417 

21,765 
4,745 
242 
23,866 
73,607 

7,083 
160.065 
115,275 
144,698 
118,031 

123,071 
35,458 
57,391 
25,969 
29,370 

146,697 
99,911 
60,777 

172,957 
5,578 

84,620 
1,270 
25,969 
21,687 
8,393 

174,652 
106,523 
25,431 
186,423 
9,903 

22,503 
156,928 
4,125 
45,218 
41,521 

106,777 
126,314 
10,763 
26,835 
82,256 

19,620 

56,035 

128,913 

2,796 


68,798 
1,716 
75,961 
28,520 
11,488 

14,996 
3,350 
232 
23,163 
71,116 

5,927 
101,305 
97,196 
67,587 
52,548 

118,080 
34,038 
44,712 
18,175 
20,425 

74,302 
53,564 
56,096 
109,946 
4,709 

40,629 
1,052 
20,310 
11,080 
8,142 

97,509 
101,321 

13.054 

132,540 

9,903 

17,246 
113,908 
3,339 
41,601 
19,771 

103,346 
119,093 
10,166 
14,935 
79,660 

14,369 
48,763 
73,671 
2,431 


3,131 
126 
3,314 
13,732 
3,929 

6,769 

1,395 

10 

703 

2,491 

1,156 
58,760 
48,079 
77,111 
65,183 

4,991 

1,420 
12,679 
7,794 
8,945 

72,395 
46,347 
4,681 
63,011 
869 

43,991 

218 

5,659 

10,607 

251 

77,143 
5,202 
12,377 
53,883 


94,761 
457 
67,695 
13,282 
3,761 

4,674 

4,636 

145 

12,759 

102,081 

914 
92,888 
60,056 
60,737 
53,114 

65,489 
44,247 

4,731 
15,403 

5,206 

30,067 
17,982 
100,303 
77,875 
863 

31,808 
244 

3,182 
10,255 

1,125 

51,980 
76,268 
2,794 
69,841 
516 

5,136 

54,544 
1,375 

72,187 
8,019 

76,949 

122,468 

1,121 

5,738 

50,534 

4,427 

20,122 

19,436 

738 


43.15 

80.12 
53.94 
76.08 
80.39 

82.32 
50.58 
62.53 
65.16 
41.90 

88.57 
63.28 
70.75 
70.43 
68.97 

65.27 

44.49 
92.38 
62.77 
84.94 

82.99 
84.75 
37.73 
68.95 
86.60 

72.99 
83.88 
89.08 
67.89 
88.18 

77.06 
58.28 
90.10 
72.75 
95.05 

81.42 
74.21 
75.00 
3S.51 
83.81 

58.12 
50.77 
90.57 
82.38 
61.94 

81.59 
73.58 
86.90 
79.12 

1 


56.85 
19.88 
46.06 
23.92 
19.61 

17.68 
49.42 
37.47 
34.84 
58.10 

11.43 
36.72 
29.25 
29.57 
31.03 

34.73 
55.51 
7.62 
37.23 
15.06 

17.01 
15.25 
62.27 
31.05 
13.40 

27.01 
16.12 
10.92 
32.11 

11.82 

22.94 
41.72 

9.90 
27.25 

4.95 

18.58 
25.79 
25.00 
61.49 
16.19 

41.88 
49.23 
9.43 
17.62 
38.06 

18.41 
26.42 
13.10 
20.88 


95.65 
93.16 
95.82 
67.50 
74.52 

68.90 
70.60 
95.87 
97.05 
96.62 

83.68 
63.29 
66.90 
46.71 
44.52 

95.94 

96.00 
77.91 
69.99 
69.54 

50.65 
53.61 
92.30 
63.57 
84.42 

48.01 
82.83 
78.21 
51.09 
97.01 

55.83 
95.12 
51.33 
71.10 
100.00 

76.64 
72.59 
80.95 
92.00 
47.62 

96.79 
94.28 
94.45 
55.65 
96.84 

73.24 
87.02 
57.15 
86.95 


4.35 
6.84 
4.18 
32.50 
25.48 

31.10 
29.40 
4.13 
2.95 
3.38 

16.32 
36.71 
33.10 
53.29 
55.48 

4.06 
4.00 
22.09 
30,01 
30,46 

49.35 

46.39 
7.70 
36.43 
15.58 

51.99 
17.17 
21.79 
48.91 
2.99 

44.17 
4.88 
48.67 
28.90 


41.27 

74.64 
51.68 
51.35 
59.90 

56.72 
35.71 
59.95 
63.24 
40.48 

74.11 
40.05 
47.34 
32.90 
30.71 

62.62 
42.71 
71.97 
43.93 
59.07 

42.03 

45.44 
34.82 
43.83 
73.11 

35.04 

69.48 
69.67 
34.69 
85.54 

43.02 
55.43 
46.25 
51.72 
95.05 

62.40 
53.87 
60.71 
35.43 
39.91 

56.25 

47.87 
85.55 
45.85 
59,99 

59.75 
64.03 
49.66 
68.79 


1.88 




5.48 




2.26 
24.73 




20.49 

25.60 
14.87 




2.58 




1.92 

1,42 


Idaho 


14.46 
23.23 




23.41 
37.53 


Kansas 


38.26 




2.65 




1.78 




20.41 




18.84 


Massachusetts 

Mississippi 


25.87 

40.96 
39.31 
2.91 
25.12 




13.49 




37.95 




14.40 




19.41 




33.20 




2.64 




34.04 


North Carolina 


2.85 
43.85 




21.03 








5,257 

43,020 

786 

3,617 
21,750 

3,431 
7,221 
597 
11,900 
2,596 

5,251 

7,272 

55,242 

365 


23.36 
27.41 
19.05 
8.00 
52,38 

3.21 
5.72 
5.55 
44.35 
3.16 

26.76 
12.98 
42.85 
13.05 


19.02 




20.34 




14.29 




3.08 




43.90 




1.87 
2.90 




5.02 


Vermont 


1.95 




21.84 


West Virginia 


37.24 


Wyoming 





SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 7 

Table 3.— NUMBER AND PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES OCCUPYING OWNED AND HIRED AND FREE AND INCUMBERED 

HOMES, BY STATES AND TERRITORIES : 1890. 



> TERRITORIES. 



The United States. 

Alabama 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia .. 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania . 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

"West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming.. 



120,61)2 
11,196 
66,650 

190,176 
65,098 

139, 451 
25,197 
43,580 
43,434 

176,371 

10,116 

525,062 
261,815 
183,0X2 
126,213 

165,903 
134,418 
88,233 
160,807 
445,214 



90,892 
8,656 
58,197 
276,397 
25,986 

1,081,383 

124,161 

10,253 

529,027 

4,610 

36,152 
850,154 

69,510 
105.536 



27,592 
5,018 
21,896 
75,673 
26,232 

47,210 
8,3X8 
10.983 
16,269 
37,032 

5.915 
226,3(19 
123,449 
100,763 
63,297 

53,125 
27,815 
42,370 
51,248 
145, 6S3 

140,485 
61,120 
17,833 

100,620 
9,203 

39,909 
4,854 
22,853 
88,254 
16,294 

316,631 
31,992 

4,645 
239,943 

3,156 

16,889 
305,571 
18,094 
18,923 
11,365 



150,468 


43,603 


162,469 


63,592 


26,932 


16,333 


43,296 


19,749 


171,883 


47,886 



46,930 

64,202 

187,107 

8,531 



18,901 

23,334 

102,061 

3,281 



20,277 

25,461 
5,143 
8,346 
15,517 
36,001 

5,587 
158,819 
91,675 
73,802 
38,509 

49,519 
26,773 
33,328 
38,115 
88,379 

95,173 
39,082 
17,067 
72,526 
8,067 

25,442 
4,663 
17,071 
48,468 
15,824 



170,403 
3,156 

12,154 
211,996 
11,297 
17,707 
7,178 

41,214 
60,879 
14,943 
12,404 
45,939 

15,119 
18,915 
71,927 
2,836 



1,280 
17,175 
5,955 

21,749 
3,245 
2,637 



67,490 
31,774 
26,961 

24,7X8 



124,115 
1,567 
1,285 
69,540 



4,735 
93,575 
6,797 
1,216 
4,187 

2,389 
2,713 
1,390 



3,782 
4,419 
30,134 



Families 
hiring. 



93,010 

6,178 

44,754 

114,503 



92,241 
16,809 
32,597 
27,165 
139,339 

4,201 
298,753 
138,366 
82,319 
62,916 

112,778 
106,573 
45,863 
109,559 
299,531 

137,755 
68,962 
62,235 

176,843 
11,857 

50,983 
3,802 

35,344 

188,143 

9,692 



19,263 
541,5X3 
51,416 
86,613 
9,345 

106,865 
98,877 
10,599 
23,547 

123,997 

28,029 
40,868 
85,046 
5,250 



PERCENTAGE OF 

FAMILIES OWNING 

AND HIRING. 



Owning. Hiring. 



50.49 
46.99 
22.27 
36.26 
43.70 



62.70 

29.28 
25.77 
45.30 
45.36 
68.46 



35.94 
26.03 
17.93 
54.88 

28.98 
39.14 
60.65 
45.61 
27. m 

40.27 
36.34 
54.55 



77.12 
55.18 
67.15 



74.80 
62.54 
79.00 



67.98 
79.28 
51.98 
68.13 
67.28 

49.51 
53.01 
77.73 
63.74 
56.30 

56.09 
43.92 
60.73 
68.07 
37.30 



5:;. 28 
64.06 
73.97 
82.07 
45.12 

71.02 
60.86 
39.35 
54.39 
72.14 

59.73 
63.66 
45.45 
61.54 



PERCENTAGE OF 
FAMILIES OWNING 
FREE AND INCUM- 
BERED OF TOTAL 
OWNING I 



97.01 
95.58 
94.15 
77.30 
77.30 

53.93 
61.31 
75.99 
95.38 
97.22 

94.45 
70.18 
74.26 
73.24 
60.84 

93.21 
96.15 
78.66 
74.37 
60.67 

67.75 
63.91 
95.70 
72.08 
87,66 

63.75 
96,07 
74.70 
54.92 



95.10 
72.34 
71.02 



69.38 
62.44 
93.57 
63.16 

94.52 
95.73 
91.49 
63.11 
95,93 

79.99 
81.06 
70.47 
86.44 



PERCENTAGE OF 
FAMILIES OWNING 
FREE AND INCUM- 
BERED OF TOTAL 

OWNING AND 
HIRING FAMILIES. 



24.01 
4.62 

2.78 

5.55 
29.82 
25.74 
26.76 
39.16 

6.79 
3.85 ' 
21.34 
25.63 



4.30 
27.92 
12.34 



28.04 
30.62 
37.56 
6.43 
36.84 

5,48 



20.01 
18.94 
29.53 
13.56 



22.19 
42.84 
30.93 
30.76 
31.15 

18.26 
20.41 
19.15 
35.73 
20.41 

55.23 
30.25 
35.01 
40.31 
30.51 



34.21 
30.05 
21.31 
26.14 
38.31 

27.99 
53.87 
29.33 
17.54 
60.89 



39.20 


17.80 


4.90 


24.51 




32.77 


28.98 


32.21 




68.46 



33.62 
24.93 
16.25 
16.78 
34.66 

27.39 



32.21 
29.46 
38.44 
33.24 



1.92 
9.03 
9.15 



0.59 

3.24 
12.85 
12.14 
14.73 
19.64 

2.17 
0.80 

10.25 
8.17 

12.87 

16.28 
16.94 

0.96 
10.12 

5.39 

15.92 
2.21 
9.94 

14.39 
1.81 

11.48 



8 FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 

Table 4.— NUMBER AND PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES OCCUPYING OWNED AND HIRED AND FREE AND INCUMBERED 
HOMES : TOTAL FOR THE 420 CITIES AND TOWNS OF 8,000 TO 100,000 POPULATION, BY STATES AND TERRITORIES: 1890. 



STATES AND TERRITORIES. 



The United States.. 



Alabama... 

Arizona 

Arkansas... 
California. 
Colorado... 



Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia. 

Florida 

Georgia 



FAMILIES OWNING. 



214,613 



Families 
hiring. 



PERCENTAGE OF 

FAMILIES OWNING 

AND HIKING. 



PERCENTAGE OF 
FAMILIES OWNING 
FREE AND INCUM- 
BERED OF TOTAL 
OWNING FAMILIES. 



Incum- 
bered. 



PERCENTAGE OF 
FAMILIES OWNING 
FREE AND INCUM- 
BERED OF TOTAL 

OWNING AND 
HIRING FAMILIES. 



23.69 



20.74 

26.93 
28.34 
27.60 



Incum- 
bered. 



Idaho 

Illinois... 
1 ndian.i 

Iowa 

Kansas .. 



Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts.. 



11,316 
39.729 
8,029 



3,553 
16,276 
2,994 

23,321 
3,759 



3,047 
11,257 
2,216 



7,763 
23.453 
5,035 



31.40 
40.97 
37.29 



68.60 
59.03 
62.71 



85.76 
69.16 
74.01 



14.24 
30.84 
25.99 



4.47 
12.63 
9.69 



Michigan ... 
Minnesota.. 
Mississippi . 

Missouri 

Montana 



Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire.. 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 



New York 

North Carolina.. 
North Dakota- 
Ohio 

Oklahoma 



7S.S27 
61,970 
54.291 
35,591 



19,537 
1,737 
20,868 
91,034 



38,446 
25,052 
24,605 
14,797 

7,518 
1,052 
9,641 
2,340 
72,253 

34,855 
5,980 
1,643 
9,556 
1,487 

7,262 
1,104 
6,055 
24,751 



26,272 
17,765 
15,874 



7,880 
1,568 
40,251 

21,742 
4,269 
1,504 
6,568 
1,037 

4,104 
1,102 
4,558 
12,691 



12,174 
7,287 
8,731 
6,403 



40.381 
36.918 
29,686 
20,794 

16,415 
3,173 
16,967 
3,744 
158,960 



6,341 
5,342 
14,166 
3,203 



48.77 
40.43 
45.32 
41.58 

31.41 

24.90 
36.23 



48.54 
23.52 
40.28 
31.71 

37.17 
63.56 
29.02 
27.19 



51.23 
59.57 
54.68 
58.42 

68.59 
75.10 
63.77 
61.54 
68.75 

51.07 
51.46 
76.48 
59.72 
68.29 

62.83 
36.44 
70.98 
72.81 



68.33 
70.91 
64.52 
56.73 

91.41 
91.92 
81.73 
67.01 



62.38 
71.39 
91.54 



56.51 
99.82 
75.28 
51.27 



31.67 
29,09 
35.48 
43.27 



18.27 
32.99 
44.29 

37.62 
28.61 
8.46 
31.27 
30.26 

43.49 
0.18 

24.72 



33.33 
28.67 
29.24 
23.59 



29.61 
25.77 
17.41 

30.52 
34.65 
21.53 
27.69 



40.44 
6.30 



15.44 
11.76 
16.08 
17.99 



13.84 

18.41 
13.89 

1.99 
12.59 

9.60 

16.16 



15.19 
1.66 

15.97 



Oregon 

Pennsylvania.... 
Rhode Island- 
South Carolina.. 
South Dakota... 



Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington.. 
West Virgini 
Wisconsin — 
Wyoming .... 



153,322 
27,579 
15.785 
1,782 

41,075 
43.067 
10,252 
5,332 
43,779 

17,652 
10,571 
4-3,627 



2,971 
58,520 
7,457 
3,413 
790 



13,894 
4,578 
2,237 

10,182 

4,918 
3,555 
24,080 



38,893 
4,310 
3,006 



3,603 
2,766 
16,491 



2,012 
19,627 
3,147 



5,832 
94,802 
20,122 
12,372 



32,745 
29,173 
5,674 
3,095 
33.597 

12,734 
7,016 

19,547 
1,424 



33.75 
38.17 
27.04 
21.62 
44.33 

20.28 
32.26 
44.65 
41.95 
23.26 

27.86 
33.63 
55.20 
30.87 



66.25 
61.83 
72.96 
78.38 
55.67 

79.72 
67.74 
55.35 
58.05 
76.74 



32.28 
66.46 
57.80 
88.08 
47.72 

91.48 
93.98 
80.49 
53.82 
95.44 



67.72 
33.54 
42.20 
11.92 
52.28 

8.52 
6.02 
19.51 
46.18 
4.56 

26.74 



10.89 
25.37 
15.63 
19.04 
21.15 

18.55 
30.32 
35.91 
22.58 
22.20 

20.41 
26.17 
37.80 
24.71 



22.86 
12.80 
11.41 
2.58 
23.18 

1.73 
1.94 
8.71 
19.37 



7.45 
7.46 
17.40 
6.16 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 9 

Table 5.— NUMBER AND PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES OCCUPYING OWNED AND HIRED AND FREE AND INCUMBERED 
HOMES, BY THE 28 CITIES OF 100,000 POPULATION AND OVER: 1890. 



_ 


Aggregate. 


FAMILIES OWNING. 


Families 
hiring. 


PERCENTAGE OF 

FAMILIES OWNING 

AND HIRING. 


PERCENTAGE OF 
FAMILIES OWNING 
FREE AND INCUM- 
BERED OF TOTAL 
OWNING FAMILIES. 


PERCENTAGE OF 
FAMILIES OWNING 
FREE AND INCUM- 
BERED OF TOTAL 

OWNING AND 
HIRING FAMILIES. 




Total. 


Incum- 
t ' 1 ' ee - bered. 


Owning. Hiring. 


Free. 


bered. 


Free. 


bered. 




1,948,834 


444,879 


276,720 


168,159 


1,503,955 


22.83 


77.17 


62.20 


37.80 


14.20 










20,777 


5,588 


3,563 










36.24 


17.15 
19.71 
11.27 
10.96 
21.06 

16.33 
13.62 
24.74 












Brooklyn, N. Y 

Buffalo, N.Y 

Chicago, 111 


89,613 
170,732 
51,275 

219,690 
63,423 
52,947 
19,621 
42,110 

22,979 
34,387 
26,519 
32,852 


16,512 10,102 6,410 73,101 
31,692 18,716 12,976 139,040 
20,497 19,800 9,697 : 30,778 

63,124 ! 35,876 27,248 156,566 


18.43 81.57 61.18 | 38.82 
18.56 81.44 59.06 40.94 
39.97 , 60.03 j 52.69 47.31 

28.73 . 71.27 I 56.83 43.17 


7.16 
7.60 
18.91 

12.40 




20,703 
5,712 
17,549 

7,606 
6,464 
6,134 
7,989 


13,099 ! 7,604 32,244 
3,657 1 2,055 j 13,909 
11,050 6,499 ! 24,561 

4,857 2,749 15,373 
4,063 2,401 27,923 
3,299 2,835 20,385 
7,393 596 24.S63 


39.10 ; 60.90 

29.11 70.89 
41.67 58.33 

33.10 ' 66.90 
18.80 81.20 
23.13 76.87 
24.32 75.68 


63.27 1 36.73 








Detroit, Mich 

Indianapolis, Ind .. 

Jersey city, N. J 

Louisville, Ky 


62.97 , 37.03 

63.86 ; 36.14 
62.86 37.14 
53.78 46.22 
92.54 7.46 


26.24 

21.14 
11.82 
12.44 
22.50 


15.43 

11.96 
6.98 

10.69 
1.82 


olis Minn 


32.7B0 ] 10,198 
38,866 8,557 
48,276 ' 10,374 
312,754 19,798 
22,317 5,788 

204,292 46,489 
45,419 12,666 
29,187 6,054 
27,204 11,964 

91,364 i 18,704 


4,715 
4,510 
9,851 
11,610 
3,240 

28,493 
7,866 
3,754 
5,846 

13,740 


5,483 22,552 
4,047 30,309 
523 li 37,902 
8,188 ,! 292,956 
2,548 I 16,529 

17,996 157,803 
4,800 32,753 
2,300 23,133 
6,118 15,240 

4,964 72,660 
5,265 15.328 
3,220 41 ,097 
2,637 1 32,597 


31.14 68.86 46.23 
22.02 77.98 52.71 
21.49 ! 78.51 94.96 
6.33 , 93.67 j 58.64 
25.94 74.06 . 55.98 

22.76 77.24 ! 61.29 
27.89 72.11 62.10 
20.74 79.26 62.01 
43.98 56.02 48.86 

20.47 79.53 73.46 
40.20 59.80 ', 48.89 
21.54 78.46 71.45 
25.20 74.80 1 75.99 


53.77 
47.29 
5.04 
41.36 
44.02 

38.71 
37.90 
37.99 
51.14 

26.54 
51.11 

28.55 
24.01 




New York, N. Y 


11.61 
20.41 
3.71 
14.52 

13.95 
17.32 
12.86 
21.49 

15.04 


10.41 
1.08 
2.62 

11.42 


Philadelphia, Pa 

Pittsburg, Pa 

Providence, R. I 


8.81 
10.57 

7.88 
22.49 

5.43 


San Francisco, Cal 


52,377 1 11,280 1 8,060 
43,580 : 10,983 ': 8,346 


15.39 6.15 
19.15 : 6.05 



Table 6.— NUMBER AND PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES OCCUPYING OWNED AND HIRED AND FREE AND INCUMBERED 
HOMES, BY SELECTED WARDS OF CITIES OF 100,000 POPULATION AND OVER: TENANCY OVER 90 PER CENT: 1890. 



CITIES AND WARDS. 



Boston, Mass.: 

Ward 6 

Ward 7 

Ward 10 

Ward 12 

Ward 16 

Ward 19 

Brooklyn, N. Y.: 

Ward 2 

Ward 5 

Ward 14 

Chicago, 111.: 

Ward 1 

Ward 18 

Cincinnati, Ohio: 

Ward 5 . 

Ward 6 

"Ward 7 

Ward 8 

Ward 9 

Ward 10 

Ward 13 

Ward 18 

Ward 19 

Cleveland, Ohio: 

Ward 1 

Ward 2 

Ward 3 

98-3 



3,427 
2,121 
1,083 
2,447 
3,241 
4,920 



1,877 
4,207 
5,917 



FAMILIES OWNING. 



Incum- 
bered. 



Families 
hiring. 



2,373 
3,049 
4,465 



1,758 
3,907 
5,353 



3,004 
3,744 



1,513 
1,491 
2,064 
1,047 
1,312 
2,326 
2,447 
1,533 
1,612 



PERCENTAGE OF 

FAMILIES OWNING 

AND HIRING. 



4.87 
5.19 
8.49 
3.02 
5.92 
9.25 



6.34 
7.13 
9.53 



8.2S 
7.45 
4.25 
9.74 



8.77 
6.43 
7.53 



Hiring. 



95.13 
94.81 
91.51 
96.98 



93.66 
92.87 
90.47 



93.40 
92.67 
92.27 
96.14 
90.67 
91.72 
92.55 
95.75 
90.26 



91.23 
93.57 
92.47 



OF 

FAMILIES OWNING 
FREE AND INCUM- 
BERED OF TOTAL 
OWNING FAMILIES. 



75.45 
54.55 
77.17 
79.73 
70.83 
64.40 



84.87 
69.00 
70.57 



91.59 
78.81 
74.57 
90.48 
85.19 
78.57 
79.70 



90.68 
71.11 

74.29 



20.27 
29.17 
35.60 



15.13 
31.00 
29.43 



8.41 
21.19 
25.43 

9.52 
14.81 
21.43 
20.30 

7.35 
12.64 



PERCENTAGE OF 
FAMILIES OWNING 
FREE AND INCUM- 
BERED OF TOTAL 



OWI 



ANI 



ING FAMIL1E 



Incum- 
bered. 



3.68 
2.83 
6.55 
2.41 
4.19 
5.96 



6.05 
5.78 
5.76 
3.49 
7.95 
6.51 
5.94 
3.94 
8.51 



1.19 
2.36 
1.94 
0.61 
1.73 
3.29 



0.55 
1.55 
1.97 
0.37 
1.38 
1.77 
1.51 
0.31 
1.23 



10 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



-NUMBER AND PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES OCCUPYING OWNED AND HIRED AND FREE AND INCUMBERED 
HOMES, BY SELECTED WARDS OF CITIES OF 100,000 POPULATION AND OVER, ETC.— Continued. 



CITIES AND WARDS. 



Indianapolis, Ind.: 

Ward 17 

Jersey city, N. J.: 

Aldermanie district 1.. 
Aldermanie district 2.. 

Kansas city. Mo.: 

Ward 2 

New York, N. Y.: 

Ward 1 

Ward 2 

Ward 3 

Ward 4 

Ward 5 

Ward 6 

Ward 7 

Ward 8 

Ward 9 

Ward 10 

Ward 11 

Ward 12 

Ward 13 

Ward 14 

Ward 15 

Ward 16 

Ward 17 

Ward 18 

Ward 19 

Ward 20.. 

Ward 21 

Ward 22 

Oinaha, Neb.: 

Ward 3 

Philadelphia Pa.: 

Ward 4 

Ward 6 

Ward 11 

Pittsburg, Pa.: 

Ward 1 

Ward 2 

Ward 3 

Ward 9 

Ward 10 

Ward 12 

Ward 33 

Ward 31 

St. Louis, Mo.: 

Ward 1 

Ward 2 

Ward 3 

Ward 4 

Ward 8 

Ward 10 

Ward 15 

Ward 17 

Ward 19 

San Francisco, Cal.: 

Assembly district 29.. 
Assembly district 31... 
Assembly district 32.. 
Assembly district 35.. 
Assembly district 37.. 
Assembly district 38.. 



2,277 
126 
465 
3,567 
2,481 
4,075 
11.5S0 
6.689 
11.899 
11,751 
16,140 
50,100 
9,580 
5,810 
4,580 
10,383 
23,709 
12.004 
45.979 
19,012 
12,122 
33,197 



3,863 
1,761 
2,651 



2,286 
2,442 
2,754 
2,370 
3,131 
4,150 
2,451 



1,899 
2,715 
1,749 
2,023 
2,181 



50 
208 
455 

1,335 
737 

3,881 
616 

1.006 



Families 
hiring. 



PERCENTAGE OF 

FAMILIES OWNING 

AND HIRING. 



120 
459 
3,516 
2,448 
4,039 
10,779 
6,514 
11,405 
11,657 
15,652 
46,593 
9,457 
5,760 
4,372 



IS, 426 
11,116 
31,331 



3,560 
1,623 
2,444 



Owning. 



5.12 
8.67 



1.10 
4.76 
1.29 
1.43 
1.33 
0.88 
6.92 
2.62 
4.15 
0.80 
3.02 
7.00 
1.28 
0.86 
4.54 
4.38 
5.63 
6.14 
8.44 
3.23 



2,212 
2,360 
2,511 
2,202 
2,952 



5.32 
8.19 
9.90 



5.72 
7.64 
4.81 
6.18 
9.03 



7.67 
2.05 
8.32 



94.88 
91.33 



98.90 
95.24 
98.71 
98.57 
98.67 
99.12 
93.08 
97.38 
95.85 
99.20 
96.98 
93.00 
98.72 
99,14 
95.46 
95.62 
94.37 



92.16 
92.16 
92.19 



95.10 
91.77 
94.55 
94.68 
91.81 
90.10 
91.18 
96.81 



96.76 
96.64 
91.18 
92.91 
94.28 
92.36 
95.19 
93.82 
90.97 



92.33 
97.95 
91.68 



PERCENTAGE OF 
FAMILIES OWNING 
FREE AND INCUM- 
BERED OF TOTAL 
OWNING FAMILIES. 



26.56 
23.33 
19.42 



76.00 
16.67 
66.67 
62.75 
66.67 
47.22 
85.14 
72.00 
66.40 
40.43 
51.02 
43.97 
48.78 
68.00 
78.37 
69.89 
76.63 
64.72 
57.15 
62.01 
70.48 
55.84 



79.21 
75.36 
72.46 



75.76 
82.93 
50.00 
86.05 
89.83 
81.14 
94.44 
92.86 



83.05 
94.79 
S3. 51 



75.00 
82.05 
84.96 
85.12 
70.29 
72.97 



15.38 



52.78 
14.86 
28.00 
33.60 
59.57 
48.98 
56.03 
51.22 
32.00 
21.63 
30.11 
23.37 
35.28 
42.85 
37.99 
29.52 
44.16 



20.79 
24.64 
27.54 



24.24 
17.07 
50.00 
13.95 
10.17 
18. SC 
5.56 
7.14 



13,51 
21.95 
11.11 

8.33 
13.41 

7,26 
16.95 

5.21 
16.49 



25.00 
17.95 
15.04 
14.88 
29.71 
27.03 



PERCENTAGE OF 
FAMILIES OWNING 
FREE AND INCUM- 
BERED OF TOTAL 

OWNING AND 
HIRING FAMILIES. 



0.90 
0.S9 
0.42 
5.89 
1.89 
2.76 
0.32 
1.54 
3.08 
0.62 
0.58 
3.56 
3.06 
4.31 
3.97 
4.82 
2.00 
5.85 
3.14 



6.21 
5.91 
5.66 



3.71 
6.83 
2.73 
4.58 
7.36 



2.62 
7.84 
6.50 
4.95 
7.09 
3.99 
5.86 
7.54 



0.43 
0.53 
0.44 
0.46 
1.03 
0.73 



0.66 
0.28 
0.98 
1.32 



1.63 
1.93 
2.15 



0.55 
0.82 
0.32 



1.03 
2.57 
2.29 



SUMMARY EOR THE UNITED STATES. 



11 



Table 7.— NUMBER AND PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES OCCUPYING OWNED AND HIRED AND FREE AND INCUMBERED 
HOMES OUTSIDE OF CITIES AND TOWNS OF 8,000 POPULATION AND OVER, BY STATES AND TERRITORIES: 1890. 



Nl> TKKUl TOIIIKS. 



FAMILIES OWNIN0 



.Families 
hiring. 



PERCENTAGE OF 

FAMILIES OWNING 

AND HIRING. 



PERCENTAGE OF 
FAMILIES OWNING 
FREE AND INCUM- 
BERED OF TOTAL 
OWNING FAMILIES. 



PERCENTAGE OF 
FAMILIES OWNING 
FREE AND INCUM- 
BERED OF TOTAL 

OWNING AND 
HIRING FAMILIES. 



The United States- 



Alabama 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia- 
Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky . 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 

. Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina 

South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



102,965 
11,196 
55,331 
98,070 
37,448 

53,198 



10,116 
226.545 
176,866 
128,791 

90,622 

109,118 
81,917 
61,625 
68,266 

124,388 



6,919 
37,329 
112,110 
25,986 

329,716 
111,850 
10,253 
286,022 
4,610 

27,349 
426,314 
12,744 
89,751 
18,928 

109,393 
119,402 
16,680 
37,964 
128,104 

29,278 

53,631 

102,044 

6,471 



23,825 
5,018 
18,343 
48,117 
17,526 



5,915 
124,739 
90,791 
76,158 
48,500 

37,618 
16,419 
32,729 
26,377 
56,918 

88,081 
34,640 
16,190 
66,226 
7,716 

26,859 
3,750 
16,798 
48,482 
16,294 

161,439 
28,754 

4,645 
151,290 

3,156 

13,918 

182,308 
4,583 
15,510 
10,575 

35,273 
49,698 
11,755 
17,512 
37,704 

13,983 
19,779 
60,522 
2,645 



4,796 
17,569 
39,181 
14,404 



5,587 
96,671 
69,053 
57,928 
30,115 

35,254 
15,955 
25,44S 
19,508 
38,026 

62,381 
25,061 
15,563 
48,919 
7,030 

18,098 
3,561 
12,513 
27,204 
15,824 

103,114 
27,391 

3,360 
113,109 

3,156 

11,195 
133,181 

3,233 
14,701 

6,801 

33,594 
47,821 
11,258 
11,260 
36,221 

11,516 
16,149 
45,936 
2,327 



21,738 
18,230 
18,385 



7,281 
6,869 
18,892 



58,325 
1,363 
1,285 

38,181 



2,723 
49,127 
1,350 



2,467 
3,630 
14,586 



36,991 
49,953 
19,922 



4,201 
101,806 
86,075 
52,633 
42,122 

71,500 
65,498 
28,896 
41,889 
67,470 

76,811 
24,741 
56,893 
69,632 
8,654 

22,179 
3,169 
20,531 
63,028 
9,692 

168,277 

83,096 

5,608 

134,732 

1,454 

13,431 

244,036 
8,161 
74,241 
8,353 

74,120 
69,704 
4,925 
20,452 
90,400 

15,295 
33,852 
41,522 
3,826 



51.33 
59.13 
53.52 

31.47 
20.04 
53.11 
38.64 
45.76 

53.42 
58.34 
22.15 
48.75 
47.14 

54.77 
54.20 
15,00 
43.25 
62.70 

48.96 
25.71 
45.30 
52.89 
68.46 

50.89 
42.76 
35.96 
17.28 
55.87 

32.24 
11.62 
70.47 
46.13 
29.43 

47.76 
36.88 
59.31 
40.87 



55.18 
66.85 
50.94 
53.20 



41.53 
44.94 
48.67 
10.87 
16.48 

65.53 
79.96 
16.89 
61.36 
54.24 

46.58 
41.66 
77.85 
51.25 
52.86 

45.23 
45.80 
55.00 
56.75 
37.30 

51.01 
74.29 
54.70 
47.11 
31.54 

49.11 
57.24 
64.04 
82,72 
14.13 

67.76 
58.38 
29.53 
53,87 
70.57 

52.24 
63.12 
40.69 
59.13 



95.58 
95.78 
81.43 
82.19 



91.45 
77.50 
76.06 
76.06 
62.09 

93.72 
97.17 
77.75 
73.96 
66.81 

70.82 
72.35 
96.13 



94.96 
74.49 
56..11 
97.12 

63.87 
95.26 
72.34 
74.76 
100.00 

80.44 
73.05 
70.54 
94.78 
61.31 



82.36 
81.65 
75.90 
87.98 



3.01 
4.42 
4.22 
18.57 
17.81 



2.03 

5.55 
22.50 
23.94 
23.94 
37.91 



2.83 
22.25 
26.04 
33.19 

29.18 
27.65 
3.87 
26.13 



32.62 
5.04 
25,51 



36.13 
4.74 
27.66 
25.24 



17.64 
18.35 
24.10 
12.02 



22.44 
42.84 
31.75 
39.95 



39.01 
14.98 
33.23 

32.31 
19.48 
41.29 
28.58 
30.57 

37.83 

42.21 
21.29 
36.01 
12.95 

36.91 
51.17 
33.52 



31.27 
21.19 
32.77 
39.51 
68.16 

40.93 
31.24 

25.37 
16.38 
35.93 

30.71 
10.05 
67.19 
29.66 
28.27 

39.33 
30.11 
15.02 
35.96 



1.10 
9.11 

8.31 



12.39 
12.29 
11.15 
20.29 

2.16 
0.56 
11.82 
10.06 
15.19 

15.59 
16.13 
0.86 



11.18 
18.98 
1.81 

17.69 
1,22 
12.53 
13.35 



9.96 
11.52 
10.59 

0,90 
19.94 



12 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table S.— VALUE OF FARMS AND HOMES OCCUPIED BY OWNERS AND INCUMBERED, AND AMOUNT AND PERCENTAGE 
OF INCUMBRANCE THEREON, BY STATES AND TERRITORIES: 1890. 





TOTAL. 


FOR FARMS. 


FOR HOMES. 


STATES AND TERRITORIES. 


Number 
of fam- 
ilies 
owning 
with 

brance. 


Value. 


Per- 
centage 

Incum- eum- 
brance - brance 

of 
value. 


Num- 
ber of 
fam- 
ilies 

with 
incum- 
brance. 


Value. 


Per- 
centage 

i»«. ° c f u £- : 

brance. brance 
of 
value. 


Num- 
ber of 
fam- 
ilies 
own- 
ing 
with 
incum- 
brance. 


1 

Value. 


Per- 
centage 

Incum- ° ln ~ 

cum- 

brance. brance 

of 
value. 




1,696,890 


J5, 687, 293, 069 82,132,949,563 


37.50 


886,957 83,054,923,165 


51,085,995,960 35.55 


809,933 


12,632,374,904 


81,046,953,603 


39.77 


Alabam 


3,957 
348 
4,594 
30,907 
9,884 

28,518 
4,640 
2,647 
1,455 
3,522 

1,484 
126,250 

79,853 
104,072 

90,271 

8,597 
2,492 
21,721 
20,927 
66,249 

117,707 
68,385 
5,447 
91,105 
2,005 

58,458 

409 

11,441 

50,393 

721 

201,258 

6,769 

13,662 

123,423 


6,944,49S 
1,290.014 
7,137,811 1 
243,649,486 ! 
44,312,072 

106,474,796 
18,534,062 
18,653,905 
4,747,522 
6,521,663 

5,543,472 
495,879,293 
213,416,044 
359,21S,173 
259,505,006 

22,861,925 
11,699,850 
34,922,220 
63,919,013 
256,894,465 

282,450,072 
200,647,232 

6,517,451 
240.028,080 

8,990,307 

191,469,472 

3,300,928 

24,482,907 

204,203,139 

2,449,448 

887,389,383 
11,055,855 
33,401,808 

370,854,548 


2,889,779 
485,730 

3,113,770 
77,767,354 
14,997,271 

45,402,845 
8,295,140 
6,447,674 
1,625,453 
2,749,254 

1,675,323 
177,476,698 

66,718,240 
119,512,794 

94,030,234 

8,371,538 
4,959,225 
12,902,688 
25,059,276 
114,7S0,137 

93,216,063 
65,662,987 

3,482,719 
82,985,669 

3,028,973 

62,896,831 
1,104,958 
9,264,183 

91,784,185 
860,793 

380,608,684 

5,112,107 

12,159,628 

131,890,072 


41.61 


3.131 


4,357,139 

556,379 

4,579,368 

154,256,866 

17,205,433 

21,084,559 
6,801,178 
52,775 
2,756,726 
4,051,892 

4,577,195 
285,706,170 
154,285,755 
305,658,669 
204,926,655 

13,301,105 
7,700,403 
18,378,172 
33,135,792 
28,249,173 

198,964,438 
119,290,539 

5.325,243 
166,539,160 

4,887,335 

147,185,494 
2,438,892 
10,976,087 
51,880,399 
1,090,826 

309,352,398 

8,242,485 

30,769,226 

206,318,867 


1,907,199 43.77 
225,626 40.55 


826 
222 

1,280 
17,175 

5,955 

21,749 
3,245 
2,637 
752 
1,031 

328 
67,490 
31,774 
26,961 
24,788 

3,606 
1,072 
9,042 
13,133 
57,304 

45,312 
22,038 
766 
28,094 
1,136 

14,467 

191 

5,782 

39,786 
470 

124,115 
1,567 
1,285 
69,540 


2,587,359 
733,635 

2,558,443 
89,392,620 
27,106,639 

85,390.237 
11,732,884 
18,601,130 
1,990,796 
2,469,771 

966,277 
210,173,123 
59,130,289 
53,559,504 
54,578,351 

9,560,820 
3,999,417 
16,544,048 
30,813,221 
228,615,292 

83,485,634 
81,356.693 

1,192,208 
73,488,920 

4,102,972 

47,283,978 

862,036 

13,506,820 

152,322,740 

1,358,622 

578,036.985 
2,813,370 
2,632,582 

164,535,681 


982,580 
260,104 

1,081,425 
30,999,517 

9,424,117 

36,835,059 
5,299,877 
6,430,374 
765,073 
1,051,754 

300,208 
78,535,763 
19,967,087 
17,766,870 
20,330,951 

3,034,684 
1,562,117 
6,160,766 
12,305,449 
102,948,196 

28,801,077 
27,953.413 
583,528 
29,232,658 
1,480,157 

15,218,699 

297,039 

5,044,905 

66,029,089 
487,548 

245,647,981 

1,354,530 

990,774 

61,145,301 


37.98 




37.65 126 
43.62 i 3,314 
31.92 13,732 
33.84 3,929 

42.64 6,769 
44.76 1.395 

34.56 10 

34.24 , 703 
42.16 i 2,491 

30.22 1,156 
35.79 58,760 

31.26 48,079 

33.27 77,111 

36.25 65,483 

36.62 4,991 

42.39 1,420 
36.95 12,679 
39.19 7,794 

44.68 8,945 

33.00 72,395 
32.73 46,317 
53.44 4,681 

34.57 63,011 

33.69 869 

32.34 43,991 
33.47 218 
37.84 5,659 
44.95 10,607 
35.14 251 

42,89 77,143 
46.24 | 5,202 

36.40 ! 12,377 
35.56 53,883 


35.45 


Arkansas 


2,032,345 


44.38 


42.27 


California 


46,767,837 
5,573,154 

8,567,786 

2,995,263 

17,300 

860,380 

1,697,500 

1,375,115 

98,940,935 
46,751,153 
101,745,924 
73,749,283 

5,336,854 
3,397,108 
6,741,922 
12,753,827 
11,831,941 

64,414,986 
37,709,574 

2,899,191 
53,753,011 

1,548,816 

47,678,132 

807,919 

4,219,278 

25,755,096 
373,245 

134,960,703 
3,757,577 
11,168,854 
70,744,771 


30.32 
32.39 

40.64 
44.04 
32.78 
31.21 
41.89 

30.04 
34.63 
30.30 
33.29 
35.99 

40.12 
44.12 
36.68 
38.49 
41.88 

32.38 
31.61 
54.44 
32.28 
31.69 

32.39 
33.13 
38.44 
49.64 
34.22 

43.63 
45.59 
36.30 
34.29 


34.68 
34.77 

43.14 
45.17 


District of Columbia 


34.57 
38.43 






Idaho 

Illinois 


31.07 
37.37 
33.77 






T'ansas 


37.25 


Kentucky 

Louisiana 


31.74 
39.06 
37.24 


Maryland 


45.03 


Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 


34.50 
34.36 
48.95 
39.78 
36.08 


ka 


32.19 










New Jersey 

New Mexico 


35.89 
42.50 
















9,992 

136,595 
7,583 
4,833 
25,937 

5,820 
9,934 
1,987 
19,185 
4,543 

9,033 

11,691 
85,376 
810 
1 


46,185,727 
501,215,736 
31,408,091 
9,560,192 
48,080,732 

10,118,996 
22,583,519 
7,349,071 
43,378,742 
11,155,922 

42,427,919 

22.970,041 

235,742,557 

2,724,904 


13.460,546 
211,691,210 
13,868,844 
4,706,207 
18,333,401 

4,259,160 
9,452,715 
1,974,943 
17,442,660 
5,450,664 

12,191,370 
7,613,960 

78,091,309 
1,044,299 


29.14 5,257 
42.24 43,020 
44.16 786 
49.23 3,617 
38.13 21,750 

42.09 3,431 

41.86 7,221 

26.87 597 
40.21 : 11,900 
48.86 2,596 

28.73 5,251 

33.15 7,272 
33.13 55,242 


22,917,073 

181,609,615 

2,814,715 

6,695,107 

40,148,585 

5,705,348 
15,5S3,093 

2,191,004 
28,620,893 

7,131,172 

24,320,083 

14,976,792 

166,012,998 

1,313,894 


6,841,047 
73,822,978 
1,198,726 
3,363,679 
15,481,634 

2,289,436 
6,494,633 
546,245 
11,952,490 
3,394,303 

6,966,100 

4,825,337 

55,304,686 

455,061 


29.85 
40.65 
42.59 
50.24 
38.56 

40.13 
41.68 
24.93 
•41.76 
47.60 

28.64 
32.22 
33.31 
34.63 


4,735 
93,575 
6,797 
1,216 
4,187 

2,389 
2,713 
1,390 
7,285 
1,947 

3,782 

4,419 

30,134 

445 

1 


23,268,654 
319,606,121 

28,593,376 
2,865,085 
7,932,147 

4,413,648 
7,000,426 
5.158,067 
14,757,849 
4,024,750 

18,107,836 
7,993,249 

69,729,559 
1,411,010 


6,619,499 
137.868,232 
12,670,118 
1,342,528 
2,851,767 

1,969,724 
2,958,082 
1,428,698 
5,490,170 
2,056,361 

5,225,270 

2,788,623 

22,786,623 

589,238 


28.45 


















Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Virginia 

"West Virginia 


44.63 
42.26 
27.70 
37.20 
51.09 

28.86 
34.89 
32.68 




38.32 


365 





SUMMARY FOE, THE UNITED STATES. 



13 



Table 9.— VALUE OF INCUMBERED HOMES OCCUPIED BY OWNERS AND AMOUNT AND PERCENTAGE OF INCUMBRANCE 
THEREON: TOTAL FOR THE 420 CITIES AND TOWNS OF 8,000 TO 100,000 POPULATION, BY STATES AND 
TERRITORIES: 1890. 



AND TERRITORI[>. 



The United States.. 



Alabama 
Arizona . 
Arkansas 
Californh 
Colorado 



Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia.. 



Indiana. 

Iowa 

Kansas . 



Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts.. 



Number 

of 

families 

owning 

with 

brance. 



12,174 
7,287 
8,731 



1 ,465,927 
25,661,869 
3,287,328 



31,457,771 
15,430,126 
23,659,932 
19,600,291 

2,932,688 

178,500 

4,951,059 

2,203,768 

133,314,973 

26,108,576 

6,217,799 

341,050 

7,167,801 



562,770 
9,385,446 
1,117,750 



11,470,134 


36,46 


5,380,206 


34.87 


7,973,777 


33.70 


7,189,547 


36.68 


817,858 


[ 27.89 


88,513 


49.59 


1,918,314 


39.35 


815,858 


37.02 


59,367,910 


1 44,52 



35.54 
29.82 
42.07 
38.48 



STATES AND TERRITORIES. 



Montana 

Nebraska 3,158 

Nevada 

New Hampshire ' 1,497 

New Jersey : 12,060 



New Mexico ' 

New York ! 28,811 

North Carolina I 204 

North Dakota 

Ohio 20,231 



Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania... 
Rhode Island.... 
South Carolina.. 



South Dakota.. 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Dtab 

Vermont 



"Virginia 

Washington.. 
"West Virgin! 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



82,027,531 
11,595,773 
1,500 
4,874,757 
50,484,072 



2,012 
19,627 
3,147 



14,244,104 
64,267,198 
12,398,780 
1,001,248 

1,543,608 
1,805,595 
3,068,863 
4,207,758 
3,308,124 

1,252,172 
9,944,214 
2,223,652 
16,141,612 
541,591 



Per- 
centage 



8771,606 
3,760,824 



4,060,738 

25,801,791 

5,478,802 

436,102 

485,250 

852,763 

1,359,771 

1,135,246 

1,200,669 

650.805 
2,840,127 

779,797 
5,218,618 

222,399 



38.06 
32.43 
40.00 
37.01 
43.34 



46.82 
37.32 



28.51 
40.15 
44.19 
43,56 

31.44 
47.23 
44.31 
26.98 
36.29 

51.97 
28.56 
35.07 
32.33 
41.06 



Table 10.— VALUE OF INCUMBERED HOMES OCCUPIED BY OWNERS AND AMOUNT AND PERCENTAGE OF INCUMBRANCE 
THEREON, BY THE 28 CITIES OF 100,000 POPULATION AND OVER: 1S90. 



with 
brance. 



Per- 
centage 



21.00 
32.86 
35.82 
43.28 
61.22 

46.00 
29.79 
50.84 
38.61 
44.89 



45.86 
35.30 
33.58 
34.57 



The 28 cities 

Allegheny, Pa 

Baltimore, Md 

Boston, Mass 

Brooklyn, N. Y.... 
Buffalo, N. Y 

Chicago, 111 

Cincinnati, Ohio.. 
Cleveland, Ohio... 
Denver, Colo 

Detroit, Mich 

Indianapolis, Ind. 
Jersey city, N. J.. 
Kansas city, Mo... 



2,025 
5,492 
6,410 
12,976 
9,697 

27.248 
3,524 
7,601 
2,055 

6,499 
2.749 
2,401 
2,835 



9,317,685 
12,468,091 
45,039,557 
95,366,474 
39,311,590 

125,965,021 
15,558,125 
23,380,833 
13,448,623 

17,125,321 
8,111,852 
11,462,661 
16,517,761 



3,511,086 
5,488,021 
21,701,505 
43,981,834 
15,219,299 


37.68 
41.02 
48.18 
46.12 
38.69 


48,322,126 
6,685,161 
8,528,583 
4,734,297 


38.36 
42.97 
36.48 
35.20 


6,248,418 
2,980,940 
5,083,582 
6,487,982 


36.49 
36.75 
41.35 
39.28 



Louisville, Kv 596 

Milwaukee, Wis I 7,959 

Minneapolis, Minn ! 5,483 

Newark, N. J ] 4,017 

New Orleans, La 523 

New York, N. Y 8,188 

Omaha, Neb 2,548 

Philadelphia, Pa ' 17,996 

Pittsburg, Pa 4,800 

Providence, R. 1 2,300 

Rochester, N. Y ! 6,118 

St. Louis, Mo '• 4,964 

St. Paul, Minn 5,265 

San Francisco, Cal 3,220 

Washington, D. C I 2,637 



$1,581,700 
27,047,246 
28,689,073 
21,768,829 
1,073,913 

157,207,357 
18,291,913 
95,460,512 
20.326,292 
12,432,234 

23,860,058 
21,461,062 
27,548,704 
25,738,191 
18,601,130 



S3 n, 146 

8,887,001 

10,275,607 

9,420,598 

657,444 

72.318,130 
5,449,730 

48,530,900 
7,847.622 
5,581,145 

10,111,873 
9,842,384 
9,725,410 
8,643,635 
6,430,374 



14 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 11.— VALUE OF INCUMBERED HOMES OCCUPIED BY OWNERS AND AMOUNT AND PERCENTAGE OF INCUMBRANCE 
THEREON, OUTSIDE OF CITIES AND TOWNS OF 8,000 POPULATION AND OVER, BY STATES AND TERRITORIES : 1890. 



STATES AND TERRITORIES. 



Per- 
entage 



Incumbrance. 



STATES AND TERRITORIES. 



The United States.. 



Alabama.. 
Arizona .. 
Arkansas.. 
California 
Colorado .. 



Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia.. 

Florida 

Georgia 



Idaho 

Illinois... 
Indiana.. 

Iowa 

Kansas.. 



Kentucky 

Louisiana , 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts. 



Michigan 

Minnesota- 
Mississippi.. 
Missouri 



1,714,904 
733,635 

1,092,516 
37,992,560 
10,370,683 



21,738 
18,230 
18,385 



7,281 
6,869 
18,892 

25,700 
9,579 



966,277 
52,750,331 
35,588,311 
29,899,572 
34,978,060 

5,016,432 
2,747,031 
11,592,989 
16,141,362 
50,260,762 

40,251,737 

18,901,117 

848,158 

28,342,293 



711,397 

260,104 

518,655 

12,970,436 

3,542,070 

11,213.535 



41,48 
35.45 
47.47 
34.14 
34.15 

42.15 



l|82.s',314 ! 42l21 



300,208 
18,743,503 
11.605,941 
9,793,093 
13,111,404 



31.07 
35.53 
32.61 



1,881,680 


37.35 


816 


160 


29.71 


4,212 


452 


36.34 


6,001 


570 


37.18 


21,878 


781 


43.53 


13,272 


753 


32.97 


6,097,999 


32.26 


438 


781 


51.73 


10,143,824 


35.79 



Montana 

Nebraska 8,761 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 4.285 

New Jersey 21,278 



New Mexico 470 

New York 58,325 

North Carolina 1,363 

North Dakota 1,285 

Ohio 38,181 



Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania., 

Rhode Island... 
South Carolina 

South Dakota.. 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 



Virginia 

Washington- 
West Virgini; 



2,723 
49,127 
1,350 



3,774 
1,679 
1,877 



1,483 
2,467 
3,630 
14,586 



$2,075,441 
17,396,292 
860,536 
8,632,063 
68,607,178 

1,358,622 
153,767,581 
2,318,915 
2,632,582 
73,106,643 



$708,551 

6,008,115 

296,439 

3,240,581 

29,641,774 

487,548 
60,423,411 
1,123,004 

990,774 
26,341,978 



9,024,550 

130,234 434 

3,762,362 

1,863,837 

6,388,539 
2,608,053 
3,931,563 
950,309 
11,449,725 

2,772,578 
8,163,622 
5,769,597 
20,540,701 
869,419 



2,558,761 

52,173,833 

1,610,171 

906,426 

2,366.517 
1,116,961 
1,598,311 
293,452 
4,289,501 

1,405,556 
2,385,143 
2,008,826 
8,681,004 



34.14 
34.54 
34.45 
37.54 
43.21 

35.89 
39.30 
48.43 
37.64 
36.03 



28.35 
40.06 
42.80 
48.63 

37.04 
42.83 
40.65 
30.88 
37.46 

50.69 
29.22 
34.82 
32.71 
42.19 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



15 



Table 12 NUMBER OF FAMILIES OCCUPYING OWNED AND INCUMBERED HOMES AND FARMS, THE VALUE THEREOF 

AND THE INCUMBRANCE THEREON, CLASSIFIED BY AMOUNTS OF VALUE AND OF INCUMBRANCE : 1890. 

FOR HOMES. 



CLASSIFICATION OF AMOUNTS. 


FOR VALUE. 


FOR INCUMBRANCE. 


Number 

of 
families. 


Amount. 


Number 

of 
families. 


Amount. 




809,933 


$2,632,374,904 


809,933 


$1,046,953,603 




53,146 
135,655 
131,760 
96,670 
73,446 
55,248 
79,977 
45,227 
57,328 
34,130 
38,681 
8,665 

214,613 


16,684,144 
93,766,485 
149,682,240 
156,446,994 
152,020,089 
141,700,042 
257,604,239 
189,032,867 
317,694,645 
269,041,388 
529,809,687 
358,892,084 

739,846,087 


292,014 
202,400 
111,735 
56,582 
41,401 
23,416 
31,166 
16,066 
17,921 
8,379 
7,833 
1,020 

214,613 


72,652,071 
134,702,664 
126,933,790 
92,159,404 
86,678,038 
60,656,083 
100,563,688 
67,533,525 
98,268,614 
65,333,616 
101,317,234 
37,154,876 

292,611,974 








82,000 and under $2,500 


83,000 and under 81,000 










The 420 cities and towns of 
8,000 to 100,000 population. 


4,707 
25,220 
34,324 
28,587 
22,510 
18,014 
26,341 
14,508 
18,138 

9,843 
10,516 

1,905 

168,159 


1,573,513 
18,170,740 
39,499,579 
46,518,010 
46,713,080 
46,218,517 
84,985,948 
60,606,001 

100,460,480 
77,469,277 

141,326,335 
76,274,607 

934,191,811 


57,620 
58,620 
35,797 
18,870 
13,442 
7,601 
9,605 
4,624 
4,849 
1,961 
1,453 
171 

168,159 


15,678,270 
39,415,372 
40,817,204 
30,772,343 
28,216,844 
19,733,026 
31,120,069 
19,446,672 
26,767,344 
15,327,125 
18,982,253 
6,305,452 

393,029,833 






81,500 and under 82,000 
















The 28 cities of 100,000 popu- 
lation and over. 


1,020 
7,665 
17,221 
18,982 
16,607 
13,564 
22,172 
14,408 
19,829 
14,189 
17,671 
4,831 


315,606 
5,701,329 
20,304,826 
31,242,841 
34,809,995 
35,055,047 
71,903,652 
60,730,509 
110,863,916 
112,223,952 
248,637,473 
202,372,665 


24,260 
36,691 
28,323 
16,996 " 
14,143 
8,650 
12,794 
7,318 
8,857 
4,468 
4,931 
698 


7,055,444 
24,905,609 
32,232,288 
27,684,984 
29,601,765 
22,482,329 
41,431,777 
30,952,222 
48,814,661 
35,233,904 
67,388,769 
25,246,081 








$2,000 and under $2,500 










810,000 and under $25,000 





FOR FARMS. 



The Un 

Under $500. 
$500 and un 
81,000 and u 
81,500 and u 
82,000 and u 
$2,500 and i 
$3,000 and i 
$4,000 and u 
$5,000 and i 
$7,000 and u 
810,000 and 
$25,000 and 




886,957 


3,054,923,165 


886,957 


1,085,995,960 




40,457 
105,644 
118,609 
97,916 
95,735 
62,367 
110,702 
74,965 
83,505 
49,772 
41 ,945 
5,310 


12,742,835 
73,079,311 
134,098,081 
158,154,075 
199,941,823 
160,321,008 
356,576,239 
315,271,561 
465.684,598 
395,368,943 
556,423,166 
227,261,525 


284,428 

240,120 

135,805 

69,399 

50,303 

27,061 

34,995 

17,406 

16,015 

6,745 

4,236 

444 


74,501,278 
159,702,330 
155,121,694 
113,912,035 
106,272,256 
71 ,048,892 
114,297,232 
73,902,239 
89,255,003 
53,318,962 
55,774,473 
18,889,566 










nder 83,000 















16 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 13 PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES OCCUPYING OWNED AND INCUMBERED FARMS AND HOMES, OF THE VALUE 

THEREOF AND OF THE INCUMBRANCE THEREON, CLASSIFIED BY AMOUNTS OF VALUE AND OF INCUMBRANCE : 
1890. 













?)00 AND 


81,000 AND 


$2,500 AND 


$5,000 AND 


$5,000 AND 


$10,000 AND 


825,000 AND 




UNDER str>uu. 


UNDER gi,uuu. 


UNDER $1,000. 


UNDER $2,500. 


UNDER $5,000. 


UNDER $10,000. 


OVER. 


OVER. 


o 


'ER. 


FARMS AND HOMES AND 






































VALUE AND INCUM- 


For 




For 




For 




For 




For 




For 




For 




For 




For 




BRANCE. 


num- 




num- 




num- 




num- 




num- 




num- 




num- 




num- 




num- 






ber 


For 


ber 


For 


ber 


For 


ber 


For 


ber 


For 


ber 


For 


ber 


For ber 


For 


ber 


For 




of 


amount. 


of 


amount. 


of 


amount. 


of 


amount. 


of 


amount. 


of 


amount 


of 


amount. 


of 


amount. 


of 


amount. 




fam- 




fam- 




fam- 




fam- 




fam- 




fam- 




fam- 




fam- 




fam- 






ilies. 




ilies. 




ilies. 




ilies. 




ilies. 




ilies. 




ilies. 




ilies. 




ilies. 




The United States: 






































For farms and homes, 


5.52 


0.52 


19.74 


3.45 


14.22 


2.93 36.19 


16.71 


25.25 


24.98 113.24 


25.46 


18.82 


54.86 


5.58 


29.40 


0.83 


10.30 


for value. 






























For farms, for value.... 


4.56 


0.42 16.47 


2.81 11.91 


2.39 35.21 


16.11 


27.96 


27.24 j 15.03 


28.19 


20.36 


53.84 


5.33 


25.65 


0.60 


7.44 


For homes, for value... 


6.56 


0.63 23.31 


4.19 16.75 


3.56 [37.27 


17.41 


22.28 


22.35 11.29 


• 22.29 


17.14 


56.05 


5.85 


33.76 


1.07 


13.63 


For farms and homes, 


33.97 


6.90 |60.05 


20.70 "26.08 


13.80 


27.42 


31.93 


8.84 


22,88 || 2.89 


14.35 


3.69 


24.49 t 0.80 


10.14 


0.09 


2.63 


for incumbrance. 






























For farms, for incum- 


32.07 


6.86 59,14 


21.56 


27.07 


14.70 


28.81 


34.56 


8,96 


23.87 j 2,56 


13.13 


3.09 


20.01 '! 0.53 


6.88 


0.05 


1.74 


brance. 






































For homes, for incum- 


36.05 


6.94 


61.04 


19.81 


24.99 


12.87 


25.89 


29.20 


8.72 


21.85 


3.25 


15.63 


4.35 


29.14 


1.10 


13.51 


0.13 


3.55 


brance. 






































The 420 cities and towns 




































of 8,000 to 100,000 




































population : 




































For homes, for value... 


2.19 


0.21 13.94 


2.67 


11.75 


2.46 


39.80 


17.94 


27.43 


25.93 


13.04 


24.05 j 18.83 


53.46 


5.79 


29.41 


0.89 


10.31 


For homes, forincum- 


26.85 


5.36 54.16 


18. 8* 


27.31 


13.48 


31.74 


34.11 


10.17 


24.02 


3.17 


14.39 1 3.93 


23.03 


0.76 


8.64 


0.08 


2.15 


brance. 




































The 28 cities of 100,000 




































population and over: 




































For homes, for value.. 


0.61 


0.04 


5.17 


0.65 


4.56 


0.61 


31.40 


9.24 


29.82 


17.95 


20.23 


• 23.88 33.61 


72.16 


13.38 


48.28 


2.87 


21.66 


For homes, for incum- 
brance. 


14.43 


1.79 '36.25 


8.13 


21.82 


6.34 


35.36 


22.78 


17.12 


24.14 


7.92 


21.38 ill. 27 


14.95 


3.35 


23.57 


0.42 


6.42 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



17 



Table 14.— NUMBER OF FAMILIES OCCUPYING OWNED AND INCUMBERED FARMS AND HOMES AND THE INCUMBRANCE 
THEREON, BY RATES OF INTEREST: TOTAL FOR THE UNITED STATES: 1890. 



[Rates of interest represented by mixed numbers i 



ubined into groups; for instance, rates represented by "1-2 " per cent include all rates greater than 1 per 
cent and less than 2 per cent.] 



RATES OF INTEREST. 



Number of _ , 

families. | Incumbrance. 



FOR FARMS. 



FOB HOME 



FOR HOMES IK < 
ASD TOWNS OF 8,000 
TO 100,000 PEOPLE. 



Number of T , Number < 

families. In«""b™ice. familiea 



! I 

Number of _ , Number of T 

families. Incumbrance. families . Incumbrance. 



The United States.. 



29-30 do.. 



1,696,890 $2,132,919,563 



$1,085,995,960 



132,339 
28,052 

600,560 
27,017 

230,422 

29,496 
351,261 
19,838 
46,969 
8,243 

168,649 



1,111 



6,379,711 

1,000 

157,991 

227,295 

231,668 

690,901 
1,317,658 
1,292,866 
14,872,871 
38,515,315 

326,125,919 
83,731,870 

731,512,859 
60,958,399 

265,073,598 

55,235,427 
309,306,613 
31,256,591 
18,562,912 
13,287,829 

112,721,766 
4,219,122 
2,662,488 
1,869,835 
13,845,888 

1,080,746 
660,014 
412,857 
259,910 
254,213 

1,360,135 
136,188 
136,224 
110,516 
49,128 

52,656 
687,763 
34,097 
23,953 
20,359 

80,897 
12,570 
11,381 



2,615 

239,615 

3,431 

38,895 
2,193 
8,077 
3,280 
7,296 

818 
3,073 
1,104 
1,030 



2,740 
1,807 

43,060 

9,457 

241,513 

16,048 
137,537 

21,511 
220.454 
16,100 
37,418 
6,383 

111,030 
2,239 
1,813 
1,172 



74,012 
168,424 
147,205 

354,699 

673,480 

601,931 

4,967,322 

5,144,590 

89,789,442 
28,382,885 

318,136,359 
38,760,907 

175,714,817 

41,875,493 
209,931,201 
25,482,036 
37,997,880 
10,462,402 

76,569,367 
3,175,510 
1,747,537 
1,368,897 
7,898,175 

712,809 
234,272 
317,876 
142,472 
191,614 

715,400 
101,935 
69,661 
62,637 
31,605 

35,209 
277,967 
23,179 
6,174 
15,430 

37,841 
9,401 
2,261 
4,818 
5,447 

3,985 
1,488 
2,615 
85,098 
1,361 

27,139 
893 

4.046 
350 

4,950 

308 
250 



89.279 
18,595 
359,047 
10,969 
92,885 



130,810 
3,738 
9,551 



2,968,089 
1,000 
83,979 
58,871 
84,463 

336,202 

614,178 

690,935 

9,905,549 

33,370,725 

236,336,477 
55,348,985 

416,406,500 
22,198,492 
89,358,751 

13,409,934 
99,375,412 

5,774,555 
10,565,062 

2,825,427 

36,155,399 

1,043,612 

914,951 

500,938 

5,947,713 

367,937 
425,772 

91,981 
117,438 

62,599 

644,735 
34,253 
66,560 
47,879 
17,523 

17,447 
409,796 
10,618 
17,779 
4,929 

43,053 
3,166 
9,120 
3,012 

8,607 



11,756 
1,300 
4,031 



2,823 

1,104 
1,000 



35 


16,301 


3 ] 


1,032 


3 


1,213 


1 ] 


375 











18.358 
1,275 
1,100 



21,814 
18,036 
26,199 

. 70,854 

199,799 

126,736 

1,524,316 

2,642,429 



28,843 


66,051,436 


7,278 


19,231,198 


93,532 


116,852,961 


3,228 


5, 70S, 926 


25,138 


25,094,265 


2,721 


4,272,873 


33,603 


30,251,833 


953 


1,550,640 


2,809 


4,053,140 


477 


943,962 


10,746 


10,165,438 


164 


350,123 


203 


309,365 


83 


119,756 


1,351 


1,338,830 


89 


120,360 


262 


321,571 


27 


36,342 


34 


26,687 


9 


13,188 


200 


226.036 


4 


6,115 


23 


38,650 


7 


6,827 


9 


4,998 


1 


1,200 


92 


69,593 


3 


3,800 


6 


3,644 



10,180 
700 

3,650 
125 

3,033 



12 


5,618 


1 81 


i '556 


1 j 
1 


208 
270 



18 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 15.— PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES OCCUPYING OWNED AND INCUMBERED FARMS AND HOMES AND OF THE 
INCUMBRANCE THEREON, BY RATES OF INTEREST: 1890. 



















6 TO 8 PEE 








































CENT. 












CLUS1VE. 












DESCRIPTION. 


For 




For 




For 




For 




For 




For 




For 




For 




For 




num- 


For 


num- 


For 


num- 


For 


num- 


For 


num- 


For 


num- 


For 


num- 


For 


num- 


For 


num- 


For 




ber 




ber 


in- 


ber 


in- 


ber 


in- 


ber 


in- 


ber 


in- 


ber 


in- 


ber 


in- 


ber 


in- 




of 


cum- 


of 


cum- 


of 


cum- 


of 


cum- 


of 


cum- 


of 


cum- 


of 


cum- 


of 


cum- 


of 


cum- 




fam- 


brance. 


fam- 


brance. 


fam- 


brance 


fam- 


brance 


fam- 


brance 


fam- ibrance 


fam- 


brance. 


fam- 


brance. 


fam- 


brance. 




ilies. 




ilies. 




ilies. 




ilies. 




ilies. 




ilies. 




ilies. 




ilies. 




ilies. 




The United States: 






































For farms and homes..' 10.77 


22.20 


35.39 


34.44 


13.58 


12.43 


20.70 


14.50 


73.00 


66.82 


53.84 


43.36 


16.23 


10.98 


1.87 


1.33 


0,44 


0.27 


For farms 


6.91 
14.99 


12.31 
32.46 


27.23 
44.33 


29.29 
39.77 


15.51 
11.47 


16.18 
8.54 


24.85 
16.15 


19.33 
9.49 


71.83 
74.29 


72.23 
61.20 


65.86 
40.68 


58.40 

27.77 


21.26 
10.72- 


15.46 
6.34 


1.99 
1.74 


1.60 
1.05 


0,43 
0.44 


0.29 


F h mes 


0.25 


The 420 cities and towns 




of 8,000 to 100,000 






































population : 








































18.05 


30.99 


43.58 


39.93 


11.71 


8.58 


15.66 


10.34 


73.73 


62.26 


38.37 


29.08 


8.22 


6.75 


1.24 


1.01 


0.40 


0.32 


The 28 cities of 100.000 




population and over: 






































26.07 


47.42 


44.46 


34.01 


15.72 


8.77 


8.82 


5.07 


72.11 


51.54 


29.47 


18.57 


1.82 


1.04 


0.25 


0.11 


0.07 


0.03 







SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



19 



Table 16.— ANNUAL INTEREST CHARGE AND AVERAGE VALUE, INCUMBRANCE, ANNUAL INTEREST CHARGE, AND 
ANNUAL RATE OF INTEREST FOR INCUMBERED FARMS AND HOMES OCCUPIED BY OWNERS, BY STATES AND 
. TERRITORIES : 1890. 



AVERAGE VALUE 

OF EACH 
INCUMBERED — 



The United States.. 



Alabama... 
Arizona.... 
Arkansas... 
California. 
Colorado ... 



Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Colli 



Idaho... 
Illinois. 
Indiana. 



Michigan ... 
Minnesota... 
Mississippi.. 

Missouri 

Montana 



Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire . 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 



1,755 
3,707 
1,554 
7,883 
1,483 

3 734 

3,994 
7,047 
3,263 
1,85^ 



3,115 

4,875 
5,278 
3,921 
1,627 



3,735 i 3,960 

3,928 I: 4,862 

2,673 l! 3,209 

3,452 3,964 

2,875 ; 3,129 



Home. Total. 



2,659 
4,695 
1,608 
3,056 

3,878 

2,400 
2,934 
1,197 
2,635 
4,484 

3,327 
8,071 
2,140 
4,052 
3.397 



2,665 
5,423 | 
1,449 
4,251 
3,158 

2,748 
2,574 
1,138 
2,643 
5,624 

] 
3,316 
11,188 
1,940 



3,132 
3,305 
1,999 
5,205 
4,552 

3.926 
3,616 
7,051 
2,617 
2,396 

2,946 
3,114 

1,861 



3,731 
1,830 
2,346 



1,842 
3,692 
1,556 
2,616 
3,612 

3,268 
1,513 
2,336 



AVERAGE 

INCUMBRANCE 
ON EACH — 



1,694 
1 ,633 
2,439 
1,017 
1,020 



ANNUAL IN ri> Kl-ST I'lIAIK.F.. 



$76,728,077 



New York 

North Carolina 
North Dakota.. 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 



4,010 4,657 
1,584 1,795 
2,049 
3,829 2,366 



250,999 
63,468 

293,836 
6,742,490 
.1,328,662 

2,485,099 
470,249 
386,464 
171,178 
224,327 

178,559 

12,101,865 
4,595,769 
8,866,406 
7,722,S64 

561,107 

397,693 

795,641 

1,458,323 

6,300,650 



5,154,977 
108,020 
548,003 

5,175,034 
90,178 

20,858,128 

404.412 

1,158,744 

8,779,143 



169,919 
28,446 
190,046 
4,104,720 
514,344 

477,009 



6,849,004 

3.219,213 

7,491,665 

6,010,538 

I 

356,459 

273,697 

422,116 

738,012 

659,865 

4,574,679 
3,085,913 

283,971 
4,263,223 

169,877 

3,918,275 
77,765 
219,485 

1,465,858 
37,508 I 

7,637,425 



81,080 
35,022 

103,790 
2,637,770 

S14.318 

2,008,090 
299,512 
385,426 
78,949 
82,945 

33,474 
5,252,861 
1.376,556 
1,374,741 
1,712,326 

201,648 
123,996 
373,525 
720.311 
5,640,785 

2,068,534 

2,074,436 

55,117 

2,134,146 

162,428 

1,236,702 
30,255 

298,518 



13,220,703 

105,706 

93,359 

4,051,017 



AVERAGE ANNUAL 
RATE OF 
INTEREST. 



For 
homes. 



13.07 
9.44 
8.67 



8.91 
12.61 
9.35 



8.02 
6.17 
5.82 
5.49 



9.74 
7.71 
10.97 

8.20 
9.78 
5.92 
5.64 
10.48 

5.18 
7.91 
9.53 
6.66 



5.58 ; 

7.10 
8.18 
9.79 
7.93 
10.97 I 

8.22 
9.63 
5.91 
5.69 

10.05 



7.95 
9.51 
6.68' 



5.15 
5.65 
5.99 
10.32 



11.15 
6.69 
6.89 
7.71 
8.12 

6.71 
7.91 
6.06 
5.85 



7.18 
7.12 
9.15 
7.30 
10.97 

8.13 
10.19 
5.92 
5.62 
10.80 

5.38 



Oregon 

Pennsylvania.. 
Rhode Island... 
South Carolina 
South Dakota.. 



Tenn 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington.. 
West Virginii 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



1,622 
3,669 
1,112 
1,978 
1 ,851 

1,739 
2,273 
3,699 
2,261 
2,156 



1,359 
4,222 
3,581 
1,851 
1,816 

1,663 

2,158 
3,670 
2,405 

2,747 



4,207 
2,356 
1,894 

1,847 
2,580 
3.711 
2,026 
2,067 



1,697 4,632 4,788 

1,965 I 2,060 1,809 

2,761 ' 3,005 2,314 

3,364 || 3,600 3,171 



1,347 

1,550 

1,829 

974 

707 

732 



1,301 
1,716 
1,525 



1,398 
1,473 
1,864 
1,104 



1,197,066 

11,616,799 

801,996 

397,960 

1,714,743 

264,277 
822,852 
194,086 
1,029,184 
335,528 

1,173,923 
475,631 

5,198,508 
112,941 



619,661 

1,006,335 

69,710 

288,219 
1,174,185 

142,234 
544,180 
55,352 
703,319 
205,594 

687,378 

298,884 

3,671,534 

49,712 



138,731 
325.865 
129,934 

486.545 

176,747 

1,526,974 

63,229 



5.49 
5.78 
8.46 
9.52 



9.83 
5.90 
6.16 



9.63 9.87 

6.25 i 6.19 

6.66 ' 6.64 

10.82 , 10.92 



9.42 
9.71 
5.91 
6.32 



20 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 17.— ANNUAL INTEREST CHARGE AND AVERAGE VALUE, INCUMBRANCE, ANNUAL INTEREST CHARGE, AND 
ANNUAL RATE OF INTEREST FOR INCUMBERED HOMES OCCUPIED BY OWNERS: TOTAL FOR THE 420 CITIES 
AND TOWNS OF 8,000 TO 100,000 POPULATION, BY STATES AND TERRITORIES: 1890. 




Connecticut. 

Del aw 

District of Columbu 



Geurg 



Idaho 

Illinois . 
Indiana.. 

Iowa 

Kansas.. 



Kentucky 

Louisiana . 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts.. 



2,581 942 

2.117 738 

2.710 913 

3,061 1,123 



805,117 
371.U29 
591,071 
576,771 



7.03 
6.95 
7.45 
8.02 



Michigan 

Minnesota .. 
Mississippi.. 
Missouri 



4,540 


1,266 


58,708 


2,100 


1,041 


7,081 


2,812 


1,106 


115,311 


2,855 


1,057 


46,131 


4,167 


1,855 


3,275,686 


1.991 


708 


670,024 


3,634 j 


1,084 


110,058 


2,475 ' 


1,041 


13,193 


2,399 


923 


222,071 



Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania.... 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina.. 



7.080 ' 2,01S 

3,274 1,315 

3,940 1,741 

2,460 1,072 



South Dakota 3,738 

Tennessee 2,543 

Texas 3,671 

Utah i 4,712 

Vermont 3,202 

Virginia 2,699 

Washington ; 7,562 

West Virginia 2,818 

Wisconsin i 2,127 

Wyoming 4,264 



1,175 
1,201 
J, 627 
1,271 
1,162 

1,403 

2,160 

988 

688 

1,751 



348,479 

1,495,047 

319,203 

33,504 

41 ,282 
53,122 
131,993 
107,019 
71,273 

42,744 
250,221 

48,769 
366,186 

22,956 



8.51 
6.23 
9.71 
9.43 
5.94 



6.25 
7.02 
10.32 



Table 18.— ANNUAL INTEREST CHARGE AND AVERAGE VALUE. INCUMBRANCE, ANNUAL INTEREST CHARGE, AND 
ANNUAL RATE OF INTEREST FOR INCUMBERED HOMES OCCUPIED BY OWNERS, BY THE 28 CITIES OF 100,000 
POPULATION AND OVER: 1890. 



The 28 cities $5,555 82,337 522,581,509 



Chicago, 111 

Cincinnati, Ohii 
Cleveland, Ohic 
Denver, Colo.... 



Detroit, Mich 

Indianapolis. Ind.. 
Jersey city, N. J... 
Kansas city, Mo.... 



of each 
bered 



Allegheny, Pa 4,601 

Baltimore, Md I 2,270 

Boston, Mass I 7,026 

Brooklvn, N. Y 7,349 

Buffalo, N. Y 4,057 



Aver- 
age 



Annual ii 
terest 
charge. 



4,623 
4,415 
3,075 
6,514 



2,951 
4,774 
5,826 



1,734 ! 205,686 

999 ' 319,359 

3,386 1,114,602 

3,390 2,282,283 

1,569 870,510 

1,773 i 3,111,515 

1.897 404,137 

1,122 531,696 

2,304 372,671 



423.036 

188.901 
288,365 
■175,501 



Aver- 




age 


Aver- 


annua] 


age 


inter- 


annual 


est 


rate of 


charge 


inter- 


on each 


est. 


home. 




$134 


5.75 


102 


5.86 


58 


5 . 82 


174 


5.14 


176 


5.19 


90 


5.72 


114 


6.44 


115 


6.05 "' 


70 


6.23 


181 


7.87 || 


65 


6.77 1 


69 


6.34 


120 


5.67 


168 


7.33 



Aver- 
age 



incum- 
brance 
;>n each 
home. 



Louisville, Kv S2,654 

Milwaukee, Wis 3,398 

Minneapolis, Minn 5,232 

Newark, N.J 5,379 ' 

New Orleans, La 2,053 ; 

New York. N. Y 19,200 

Omaha, Neb 7.179 

Philadelphia, I>a 5,305 

Pittsburg, Pa 4,235 

Providence, R. I i 5,405 

Rochester, N. Y ' 3,900 

St. Louis, Mo 4,323 

St. Paul, Minn 5,232 

San Francisco, Cal 7,993 

Washington, D. C i 7,054 



$557 

1,117 
1,874 
2,328 
1,257 



1,847 
2,684 
2.439 



Annual h 
terest 
charge. 



charge, inter- 
Dn each est. 
home 



■519,929 
519,624 
738,102 
500, 92S 
51,651 



3,583,196 


438 


408,309 


160 


2,517.471 


140 


457,169 


95 


318,441 


138 


572,173 


94 


605,597 


122 


693,831 


132 


594,397 


185 


385,426 


146 



6.18 
7.18 
5.32 



4.95 
7.49 
5.19 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



21 



Table 19.— ANNUAL INTEREST CHARGE AND AVERAGE VALUE. INCUMBRANCE, ANNUAL INTEREST CHARGE, AND 
ANNUAL RATE OF INTEREST FOR INCUMBERED HOMES OCCUPIED BY OWNERS OUTSIDE OF CITIES AND TOWNS 
OF 8,000 POPULATION AND OVER, BY STATES AND TERRITORIES: 1890. 



STATIC AND TKKKITOKI 



The United States.. 



Alabama.. 
Arizona ... 
Arkansas.. 
California 
Colorado.. 



Connecticut 

Delaware 

District of Columbia . 

Florida 

Georgia 



Idaho . 



Aver- 
age 
value 

ol'each 



Aver- 
age 



interest 
charge. 



Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 



Michigan ... 
Minnesota... 

Mississippi.. 
Missouri 



1,794 

2,946 | 
1,879 
1 ,637 
1,6(0 
1,903 

2,135 
5,920 
1,592 



59,137 
35,022 
49,576 
1,197,797 
339,967 

629,708 
101,839 



780,670 
1,135,555 

126,011 
65,261 
258.184 
351,818 
1,250,497 

975,474 
502,445 
41,924 
830,977 



Aver- 
age 



charge 
an each 
home. 



Aver- 
age 
annual 
rate of 
inter- 
est. 



8.31 
13.46 
9.56 
9.23 
9.60 



7.01 
7.97 

8.64 



141 


8.00 


35 


6.13 


52 


5.91 


06 


5.72 


38 


7.35 


52 


8.24 


67 


9.55 


48 


8.19 



STATES AND TERRITORIES. 



Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshi; 
New Jersey 



Ne 



Mi- 



New York 

Norlh Carolina 
North Dakota.. 



Oklahoma.. 

Oregon 

Pennsylvari 



1 "on each 

*» ered home, 
home. 



Annual 
interest 
charge. 



4,553 
2,014 

3,221 



528,609 

30,213 

191,184 

1,690,975 

52,670 

3,474,131 

87,322 

93,359 

1,773,933 



;ilina 2,304 



South Dakota 1,69: 



Washington.. 

West Virgin! 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



1,693 


1,553 


2,095 


1,912 


1,831 


1,870 


3,309 


1 ,589 


1,820 


2,734 



age 

annual 
inter- 
est 
charge 
on each 
home. 



age 



22X.910 

1,935.091 

91,612 

76,207 



146.679 
31,685 
254,592 

87,190 

236.324 
127,978 
611,164 
40,273 



10.19 
5. SO 
5.70 



8.41 

9.69 
6.17 
9.18 
10.80 
5.94 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 20.— PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES OCCUPYING OWNED AND INCUMBERED FARMS AND OF 
THEREON, BY OBJECTS OF DEBT AND BY STATES AND TERRITORIES : 1890. 


THE INCUMBRANCE 


STATES AND TERRITORIES. 


PURCHASE OP 
REAL ESTATE. 


REAL ESTATE 
IMPROVEMENTS. 


purchase and 

improvements 

(combined). 


BUSINESS. 


FARM MACHINERY, 

DOMESTIC ANI- 
MALS, AND OTHER 
PERSONAL 
PROPERTY. 


PURCHASE, 
IMPROVEMENTS, 
BUSINESS, AND 

PERSONAL 

PROPERTY 
(TWO OR MORE 

COMBINED). 




For num- 
ber of 
families. 


For 
incum- 
brance. 


For num- 
ber of 

families. 


For 
incum- 
brance. 


For num- 
ber of 
families. 


For 
brance. 


For num- 
ber of 
families. 


For 
incum- 
brance. 


For num- 
ber of 
families. 


For 
incum- 
brance. 


For num- 
ber of 
families. 


For 
incum- 
brance 




60.63 


64.38 


6.79 


4.53 


3.98 


5.31 


1.62 


1.95 


2.77 


1.19 


5.01 


6.15 






18.08 
21.43 
32.92 
46.98 
38.00 

65.74 
72.62 
80.00 
18.21 
28.66 

30.36 
70. as 
66.98 
68.96 
39.99 

61.21 
54.15 
62.85 
66.46 
64.51 

64.25 
53.65 
12.39 
64.61 

33.72 

42.29 
41.74 
69.96 
71.81 
21.70 

75.77 
44.58 
30.90 
69.02 


19.26 
23.91 
34.03 
46.83 
43.47 

66.27 
74.03 
43.93 
24.59 
31.30 

3S.13 
74.43 
69.97 
69.49 
40.87 

52.81 
27.00 
64.79 
70.93 
61.47 

70.20 
56.56 
12.61 
66.26 
33.87 

47.02 
42.46 
71.11 
77.22 
17.09 

77.96 
42.07 
36.29 
69.58 


8.53 
7.94 
8.06 
9.82 
10.59 

10.75 
6.67 
10.00 
46.37 
3.73 

10.73 

4.85 
7.56 
4.80 
6.35 

6.69 
2.16 
8.08 
7.54 
9.82 

7.55 
8.25 
0.36 
4.96 
8.40 

8.07 
7.80 
7.85 
8.09 
7.17 

6.11 
7.65 
5.77 
5.66 


6.17 
5.17 
5.65 
5.77 

8.77 

8.79 
2.83 
2.31 
41.83 
3.89 

6.99 
2.52 
4.98 
2.78 
4.03 

5.20 
2.60 
6.68 
4.48 
7.63 

4.56 
6.17 
0.30 
2.90 
5.48 

5.3S 
5.86 
6.76 
4.08 
13.21 

4.26 
7.17 
4.74 
3.39 


0.32 
2.38 

1.69 
7.10 
8.83 

3.53 
4.95 
10.00 
2.99 
1.21 

6.14 
3.74 
3.02 

5.67 
5.67 

3.15 
1.41 
2.15 
4.06 
4.07 

3.61 
4.09 
0.47 
2.69 
5.52 


0.65 
2.88 
2.29 
10.05 
8.25 

4.91 
6.18 
53.76 
7.18 
1.81 

6.18 
5.08 
4. IS 
6.95 

7.11 

4.24 
1.70 
3.65 
4.92 
6.97 

4.82 
5.38 
0.87 
3.58 
8.42 


5.81 
13.49 
1.51 
3.70 
2.24 

2.79 
1.36 


10.25 
11.78 
5.27 
3.87 
2.50 

4.25 
1.13 


1.50 
4.76 
1.45 
1.75 
4.07 

1.48 
1.00 


1.34 
2.93 

1.30 
0.64 
3.26 

0.59 


0.48 
6.35 


1.64 
24.38 




Vrk i 




6.16 10.51 






2.53 i 3.48 












5.55 
3.05 

3.72 
1.14 
1.83 
0.63 
1.12 

5.57 
2.04 
1.96 
2.86 
1.81 

1.37 
1.17 
0.41 
2.29 
4.60 

0.62 
5.96 
2.33 
1.50 
5.18 

1.54 
10.15 
1.18 

1.59 


8.76 
6.68 

4.94 
1.24 
2.05 
0.70 
1.54 

10.97 
3.00 

2.87 

2.82 
2.08 

1.54 
1.26 
0.72 

2.87 
5.92 

0.91 
7.22 
2.97 
1.68 
3.23 

1.61 
13.55 
1.28 
1.83 




0.71 | 1.65 
1.04 0.83 




2.05 

6.57 
2.10 
2.16 
2.00 
3.34 

1.72 
1.06 
2.71 
1.28 
1.58 

4.28 
4.39 
0.08 

4.18 
8.52 

3.78 
1.83 
1.29 
0.81 
7.57 

0.71 
2.13 
6.51 
1.32 


0.36 

7.02 
0.65 
0.92 
1.10 
2.20 

0.87 
0.15 
1.24 
0.39 
0.62 

1.29 
2.51 
0.03 
2.51 
13.49 

2.30 
1.36 
0.60 
0.31 
11.64 

0.25 
0.83 
4.28 
0.44 












1 \VH 










1.44 ! 4.17 


















4.57 4.71 


Minnesota 














N 






4.13 1 3.33 








N< \v 1 i i'V 


4.78 
6.77 

3.00 
0.08 
5.47 
3.60 


4.9S 
7.58 

3.79 
0.15 
5.64 
4.89 






























50.58 
67.86 
62.60 
37.88 
24.13 

70.59 
92.70 
43.38 
75.56 
51.12 

40.72 
74.13 
62.09 
25.21 


54.84 
70.14 
65.17 
29.93 
25.47 

64.27 
81.23 
41.62 
77.02 
41.89 

46.51 
67.68 
69.30 
12.37 


7.68 
8.41 
12.59 
2.51 
9.01 

4.69 
0.46 
13.40 
5.25 
7.51 

11.33 
2.22 
9.07 

12.33 


5.42 
6.37 
10.20 
1.27 
7.07 

3.70 
0.47 
11.46 
4.06 
5.35 

8.31 
1.84 
6.69 
12.34 


3.56 
3.88 
4.07 


4.75 
5.10 
5.07 


3.20 
1.98 
4.07 
1.00 
1.46 

2.48 
0.58 
9.05 
1.36 
4.93 

3.39 
3.25 

1.50 
2.74 


3. SI 
2.30 

4.88 
2.10 
1.68 

4.61 
0.96 
9.52 
1.81 
6.36 

3.05 
4.46 
1.68 
2.93 


4.13 : 2.61 
1.19 ! 0.37 
1.53 0.21 
0.44 , 0.42 
6.51 , 4.64 

1.34 ' 0.57 
0.16 | 0.44 
9.05 1 11.38 
1.03 0.47 
1.42 0.44 


4.83 7.07 


Rhode Island 


2.29 1.57 




5.20 6.23 


13.32 

1.08 
1.63 
5.69 
2.44 
1.39 

8.89 
1.90 
4.92 
13.70 










0.83 
2.34 
1.86 
1,6 

5.11 
1.62 
3.60 
9.31 


1.14 
2.46 
2.63 
2.09 

7.61 
3.14 
4.48 
7.12 
















W hin 


3.94 
1.87 
4.50 
6.57 


1.78 
1.00 
1.42 
10.88 






3.14 




5.23 




20.52 







SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



23 



Table 20.— PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES OCCUPYING OWNED AND INCUMBERED FARMS AND OF THE INCUMBRANCE 
THEREON, BY OBJECTS OF DEBT AND BY STATES AND TERRITORIES: 1890— Continued. 




24 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 21. 



-PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES OCCUPYING OWNED AND INCUMBERED HOMES AND OF THE INCUMBRANCE 
THEREON, BY OBJECTS OF DEBT AND BY STATES AND TERRITORIES : 1890. 




SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



25 



Table 21.— PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES OCCUPYING OWNED AND INCUMBERED HOMES AND OF THE INCUMBRANCE 
THEREON, BY OBJECTS OF DEBT AND BY STATES AND TERRITORIES: 1890— Continued. 



STATES AND TERRITORIES. 


PURCHASE, IM- 
PROVEMENTS, BU- 
SINESS, AND PER- 
SONAL PROPERTY 
(COMBINED WITH 
OBJECTS OTHER 
THAN FAMILY 
EXPENSES). 


PURCHASE, IM- 
PROVEMENTS, 
BUSINESS, AND 
PERSONAL PROP- 
ERTY (COMBINED 
"WITH FAMILY 
EXPENSES). 


FAMILY 
EXPENSES. 


ALL OTHER 
OBJECTS 


TOTAL OF FIRST 

THREE CLASSES 

OF TABLE. 


TOTAL OF FIRST 
SIX CLASSES 
OF TABLE. 




Fornum 
ber of 

families. 


For 
brance. 


For num 

ber of 

families. 


For 

brance. 


Fornum 
ber of 

families. 


For 
incum- 
brance. 


For num- 
ber of 

families. 


For 
brance. 


For num- 
ber of 

families. 


For 
brance. 


For num- 
ber of 
families. 


For 
brance. 




0.38 


0,59 


2.60 


2.45 


4.50 


1.78 


2.29 


2.52 


82.11 


81.24 


90.23 










0.36 
4.05 
OS 
0.51 
0.13 

0.31 


0.62 
1.56 

0.01 
0.74 
0.17 

0.27 


10.78 
2.70 
1.33 
4.45 
4.42 

1 .95 
1.23 
1.93 
0.53 
4.65 

5.49 
2.32 
2.06 
3.07 
5.72 

3.50 
4.85 
2.06 

2.12 
1.89 

2.68 
3.32 
21.93 
3.13 
3.26 

5.03 
3.67 
1.95 
2.35 
4.68 

1.93 
0.32 
5.99 
2.48 


6.54 
1.S5 
2.75 
4.64 
5.44 

1.65 
1.25 
2.03 
1.32 
4.76 

2.89 
2.69 
2.27 
3.28 
6.43 

5.37 
19.08 
2.07 
2.42 
1.53 

3.07 
3.84 
35.31 

2.67 
4.14 

4.86 
5.08 
1.85 
1.82 
2.82 

1.61 
0.46 
6.37 
2,69 


11.86 
4.95 


6.05 
2.02 


3.75 
5.86 
1.33 
2.30 
2.15 

2.07 
1.57 
4.89 
3.86 
2.23 

4.57 
1.25 
2.50 
2.61 
2.15 

1.36 
1.59 
4.72 
2.35 
3.54 

1.88 
1.47 


2.82 
3.97 
1.38 
2.21 
2.45 

2.12 
2.65 
4.55 

2.67 
3.80 

4.10 
1.10 
3.06 
2.55 
1.73 

0.78 
1.67 
5.44 
2.52 

4.28 

1.71 
1.68 


62.11 
63.07 
78.82 
74.73 
78.66 

83.55 
85.24 
84.04 
69.95 
67.71 

63.42 
86.74 
81.55 
80.58 
75.34 

76.87 
64.83 
75.31 
81.04 
82.81 

80.62 
82.07 
48.83 
79.74 
70.07 

78.31 
63.35 
81.15 
85.16 
53.19 

83.26 
61.14 
71.28 
82.21 


64.27 
58.07 
75.81 
74.32 
76.74 

81.96 
82.33 
85.43 
67.87 
57.90 

65.01 
86.84 
81,13 
77.66 
73.66 

63.95 

48.76 
75.15 
78.48 
81.50 

79.91 
81.70 
45.06 
79.89 
68.30 

77.66 
68.51 
79.81 
85.10 
52.69 

81.78 
51.40 
72.06 
80.05 


73.25 
82.44 
85.62 
87.30 
89.79 

91.42 
94.45 
88.21 
86.83 
81.00 

83.23 
93.05 
89.33 
89.38 
86.70 

88.40 
71.17 
83.96 
89.83 
89.14 

89.28 
91.04 
54.31 

89.86 
87.32 

89.59 
72.77 
89.29 
92.56 

78.72 

90.55 

79.96 
87.23 
90.06 


83.97 








5.41 : 2.44 










4.25 
2.75 
4.36 
8.78 
12.12 

6.71 


2.09 
1.22 
2.00 
2.92 
4.98 

2.71 










0.01 


0.88 


























0.26 


0.32 












0.54 i 1.25 


4.40 
4.76 

6.68 
22.39 
8.87 
5.22 
5.00 

5.83 
3.92 
23.76 
4.75 
5.40 

3.35 
14.66 
5,52 
3.47 
14.26 

4.06 
17.61 
3.50 
4.55 


1.98 
2.08 

5.01 
17.86 
3.55 
2.49 

2.01 

2.65 
1.87 
9.78 
1.70 
3.38 

1.40 
2.59 
2.56 
1.22 
2.38 

1.55 
13.53 
1.58 
1.95 






88.67 




0.05 


0.27 








0.39 

0.48 
0.43 

0.33 
0.25 


0.62 
1.01 

0.70 

0.55 
0.38 














92.02 
92.23 




0.35 
0.26 

0.59 
1.05 
0.35 
0.10 


0.47 
0.76 

0.66 
5.39 
0.38 
0.15 


1.91 
3.70 

1.42 
7.85 
2.89 
1.52 
2.34 

3.08 
2.11 
2.73 
2.36 


1.69 

2.77 

1.53 
6.29 
2.81 
1.33 
1.15 

3.31 
2.74 
2.62 
2.64 






88.95 
91.55 
















0.38 


0.53 










0.55 
0.55 


1.71 
1.08 














0.42 
0.44 
0.51 
0.16 
0.62 


0.38 
0.74 
0.61 
0.19 
1.09 


2.83 
1.93 
2.21 
6.91 
9.12 

3.56 
1.70 
3.38 
2.80 
4.11 

4.97 
3.10 
2.39 
5.17 


2.57 
1.60 
2.21 
12.02 
10.59 

2.74 
8.34 
3.10 
2.34 
6.39 

4.59 
6.30 
2.83 
3.31 


2.94 
3.23 
4.72 
13.73 
5.35 

4.77 
0.07 
4.75 
5.60 
7.19 

2.80 
4.93 
5.85 
3.60 


1.01 
1.11 

2.07 
7.53 

2.88 

2.46 
0.02 
2.50 
2.31 
3.98 

0.95 
1.84 
2.69 
0.65 


1.50 
2.00 
2.03 

1.23 
1.72 

0,79 
0.11 
2.52 
2.96 
5.55 

2.09 
2.15 
1.74 
3.60 


1.44 
1.96 
1,95 
1.75 
1.68 

0,68 
0.04 
1.53 
3.02 
10.30 

2.84 
3.03 

1.60 
4.99 


83.27 
85.42 
83.20 
70.89 
66.97 

85.18 
92.55 
70.79 
81.51 
70.01 

74.04 
81.44 
81.22 
66.06 


82.77 
83.85 
83.15 
62.32 
65.85 

79.97 
60.29 
66.82 
81.79 
59.15 

72.72 
74.67 
80.85 
61.51 


92.31 
92.40 
90.50 
77.97 
83.19 

90.75 
98.12 
88.99 
88.20 
82.79 

89.71 
89.34 
89.77 
85.61 


94.60 


























0.36 0.23 
0.44 1 0.71 
0.36 ; 0.50 

0.40 ! 0.75 
0.48 j 0.80 
0.25 0.56 





































26 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 22.— NUMBER OF PERSONS OWNING AND HIRING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES, BY COLOR 
AND BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS: 18S0. 



FOR FARMS AND HOMES COMBINED. 



GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND COLOR. 


Aggregate, i 




OWNERS. 




Tenants. 


Total. 


Free. 


Incumbered. 




12,690,152 . 


6,066,417 


1,369,527 


1,696,890 


6,623,735 




11,255,169 

1,186,171 j 

224,595 

10,014 

14,200 

3,712,242 


5,793,660 

207,616 

56,672 

6,521 

1,948 

1,525,137 


1,126,653 

185,376 

19,371 

6,238 

1,889 

982,191 


1,667,007 

22,240 

7,301 

283 

59 

542,943 


5,461,509 

978,558 

167,923 

3,493 

12,252 

2,187,105 










North Atlantic division i 


3,654,659 

41,950 

11,962 

519 

3,152 

1,687.767 


1,515,095 

7,343 

2,356 

254 

59 

664,516 


976,124 
1,351 
1,151 

211 
51 

603,189 


538,971 

2,989 

932 

43 

8 

61 ,027 


2,139,564 

34,607 

9,576 

265 

3,093 

1,023,251 


Negro 

Mixed ' 








1,073,575 

531,345 

81,891 

575 

381 

4,598,605 


518,992 

93,186 

21,930 

403 

5 

2,668,508 


196,003 

86,768 

20,316 

397 

5 

1,681,009 


52,989 

6,418 

1,614 

6 


524,583 

438,159 

59,961 

172 

376 

1,930.097 






984,499 




4,505,908 
63,550 

25,475 

2,828 

844 

2,071,120 


2,636,642 

20,737 

9,014 

1,892 

223 

872,116 


1,662,027 

14,219 

5,811 

1,719 

203 

831,305 


974,615 

6,188 

3,203 

173 

20 

40,811 


1,869,266 

42,813 

16,461 

936 

621 

1,198,974 


Negro 


South Central division 


1,420,273 
546,152 
103,319 

831 
515 

620,418 


763,671 

85,461 

22,738 

261 

15 

336,110 


730,454 

79,291 

21,300 

216 

11 

268,530 


33,217 

6,170 

1,138 

15 

1 

67,580 


656,602 

460,691 

80,581 

570 

530 

284,308 












600,754 
3,177 
1,948 
5,261 
9,278 


329,260 

889 

601 

3,711 

1,616 


262,045 

711 

490 

3,665 

1,616 


67,215 
175 
HI 
46 
30 


271,494 
2,283 
1,344 
1,550 
7,632 











SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



27 



Table 23.— NUMBER OF MALES AND FEMALES OWNING AND HIRING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES, BY COLOR AND BY 

GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS. 

FOR FARMS AND HOMES COMBINED. 



Incum- 
bered. 



The United States.... 

White 

Negro 

Mixed 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese 

North Atlantic divisioi 

White 

Negro 

Mixed 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese 

South Atlantic divisioi 

White 

Negro 

Mixed 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese 

North Central division 

White 

Negro 

Mixed 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese 

South Central division 

White 

Negro 

Mixed 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese 

Western division 

White 

Negro 

Mixed 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese 



1,219,097 
457,806 
81,616 



1,557 
4,751 



1,832,903 



4,800,799 
167,705 



1,178,052 
5,439 



447,588 
75,022 
16,714 



2,233,781 
16,146 
6,798 



655,037 
70,370 
17,825 



1,357,429 

148,545 

37,515 

5,502 

1,844 

745,326 



1,443,370 
19,160 
6,015 



4,873,294 
813,165 
135,955 



1 ,581 ,076 

205,304 

45,110 

1,190 



992,861 
39,911 
13,142 



769,224 
36,831 
11.856 



223,637 
3,080 
1,286 



741,079 
3,056 



436,973 
2,383 



402,697 
69,422 
15,373 



1,377,549 



44,891 
5,600 
1,311 



1,361,014 

10,666 

4,179 

1,497 

193 



625,021 
64,819 
16,576 



3,328 
1,583 



872,767 
5,480 
2,619 



30,016 
5,551 
1,249 



1,860,007 
27,457 
7,653 



468,256 
361,691 
46,973 



708,172 
34,792 
13,470 



616,600 
9,054 
2,605 



337,043 
1,904 



157,731 
94,632 
18,204 



101,404 
18,164 
5,216 



17,346 
4,943 



563,955 
12,612 



402,861 
4,591 
2,216 



594,060 
387,436 
66,791 



242,799 
1,789 



171,176 
88,346 
18,703 



108,634 
15,091 
4,913 



301,013 
3,583 
1,632 



105,433 
14,472 
4,724 



588,215 
165,393 
31,968 



279,507 
7,150 
1,923 



56,327 
76,468 



161,094 
8,021 
2,991 



62,542 
73,255 
13,790 



28 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 24.— NUMBER OF PERSONS OWNING AND HIRING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES, BY COLOR AND BY GEOGRAPHICAL 

DIVISIONS. 

FOR FARMS AND HOMES SEPARATELY. 





FOR FARMS. 


FOR HOMES. 


GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS 
AND COLOR. 


Aggregate. 


Owners. 


Tenants. 


Aggregate. 


Owners. 






Total. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 

« 


Total. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 


Tenants. 




4,767,179 


3,142,746 


2,255,789 


886,957 


1,624,433 


7,922,973 


2,923,671 


2,113,738 


809,933 


4,999,302 






4,212,293 

469,058 

80,574 

4,651 

603 

660,407 


3,018,261 

97,458 

23,280 

3,680 

61 

518,722 


2,143,740 

87,838 

20,645 

3,513 

53 

341,214 


874,521 

9,620 

2,635 

173 

8 

177,508 


1,194,032 

371,600 

57,294 

965 

542 

141,685 


7,042,876 

717,116 

144,021 

5,363 

13,597 

3,051,835 






792,486 

12,620 

4,666 

110 

51 

365,435 








606,958 
110,629 




33,392 

2,835 

1,887 

1,006,415 


28,726 
2,725 
1.S36 

640,980 








North Atlantic division.... 


2,045,420 




658,556 

1,286 

502 


517,585 
747 
343 


340,585 
394 

200 
35 


177,000 
353 
143 
12 


140,971 

539 

159 

15 

1 

354,135 


2,996,103 

40,664 

11,460 

457 

3,151 

915,171 










6,596 3,960 
2,043 " 1,254 






789 
31 
8 

29,947 


9,417 










59 
246,055 


5! 
216,108 




South Atlantic division 


772,596 


418,461 


337,381 


31,080 


669,116 




554,176 

191,631 

26,372 

394 

23 

1,978,659 


364,879 

43,978 

9,283 

319 

1,454,542 


337,461 

40,930 

8,671 

317 

2 

836,113 


27,418 

3,018 

612 

2 


189,297 

147,653 

17,089 

75 

21 

521,117 


519,399 

339,714 

55,519 

181 

358 

2,619,946 


1S1.113 

49,208 

12,647 

84 

3 

1,213,966 


158,542 

45,838 

11,645 

80 

3 

847,896 


25,571 

3,370 

1,002 

4 


335, 2S6 
290,506 














North Central division 


618,429 


366,070 


1,405,980 


White 


1,963,435 

9,805 

3,985 

1,407 

27 

1,185,932 


1,445,730 

5,134 

2,390 

1,261 

21 

613,504 


830,384 

3,212 

1,359 

1,140 

18 

585,315 


615,346 

1,922 

1,037 

121 

3 

28,189 


517,705 

4,671 

1,589 

146 

6 

572,428 


2,542,473 
53,745 
21,490 

1,421 
817 

885,188 


1,190,912 
15,603 

6,618 
631 
202 

258,642 


831,643 

11,037 

4,452 

579 

185 

245,990 


359,269 

4,566 

2,166 

52 

17 

12,652 


1,351,561 
38,142 
14,872 










626,546 


White 


869.721 

266,132 

49,546 

504 

29 

169,585 


554,731 
47,442 

11,128 

197 

6 

137,517 


531,639 
43,182 

10,304 

184 

6 

105,766 


23,092 

4,260 

824 

13 


314,990 
218,690 

3S.4I8 
307 
23 

32,068 


550,552 

280,020 

53,773 

327 

516 

450,833 


208,940 

38,019 

11,610 

64 

9 

198,593 


198,815 

36,109 

10,996 

62 

8 

162,764 


10,125 

1,910 

614 

2 

1 

35,829 


341,612 
242,001 














31,751 










166,405 
204 


135,336 

157 


103,671 

120 

111 

1,837 

27 


31,665 
37 
19 


31,069 
47 
39 


434,349 
2,973 
1,779 
2,977 
8,755 


193,924 
732 

474 
1,S49 
1,614 


158,374 

594 

379 

1,828 

1,589 


35,550 
138 
95 
21 
25 


240,425 










2,281 1,862 








7,141 













SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



29 



Table 25.— NUMBER OF MALES OWNING AND HIRING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES, BY COLOR AND BY GEOGRAPHICAL 

DIVISIONS : 1890. 

FOR FARMS AND HOMES SEPARATELY. 



FOR FARMS. 



FOR HOMES. 



The United States 

White 

Negro 

Mixed 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese 

North Atlantic divisioi 

White 

Negro 

Mixed 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese 

South Atlantic divisioi 

White 

Negro 

Mixed 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese 

North Central division 

White 

Negro 

Mixed • ■■ 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese 

South Central division 

White 

Negro 

Mixed 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese 

Western division 

White 

Negro 

Mixed 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese 



4,396,699 



2,010,471 



2,189,418 



1,540,364 



3,881,145 

435,424 

75,195 

4,334 

601 



599,591 
1,204 



496,938 
179,730 

24,368 



1,840,926 

1,826,730 

9,220 

3,645 

1,304 

27 



,718,982 

87,255 

20,541 

3,402 

61 



1,910,773 

78,260 

18,131 

3,254 

53 



808,209 
8,995 
2,410 



1,162,163 
348,169 
54,654 



.792,948 

545,446 

104,290 

4,490 

13,376 



2,081,817 
80,450 
22,989 
2,323 
1,839 

723,957 



315,156 
38,842 
8,022 



1,326,126 

1,318,204 

4,655 

2,085 

1,161 

21 



42,936 
10,013 



290,717 
36,017 
7,463 



749,267 

744,161 

2,876 

1,155 

1,057 

18 



476,661 
38,900 
9,239 



99,142 



24,439 
2,825 



574,043 
1,779 



21,678 
4,036 



139,125 
525 



181,782 
140,888 
16,346 



508,526 
4,565 
1,560 



302,256 
202,146 
36,556 



2,438,468 
31,692 



3,149 

715,663 

418,906 
256,983 
39,319 



,115,223 

41,718 

16,623 

1,191 

790 



448,502 
212,724 
38,047 



386,736 

371,849 
2,329 
1,398 
2,586 
8,574 



717,586 
4,760 



132,432 
36,180 



915,577 
11,491 
4,713 



156,698 
27,434 
7,812 



1,416,656 
70,285 
19,384 
2,248 
1,791 



635,161 
10,165 
3,605 



439,018 ' 278,568 
2,696 2,064 



111,980 
33,405 
7,910 



616,853 
7,790 
3,024 



148,360 
25,919 
7,337 



1,612 
1,579 



1,596 
1,556 



20,452 
2,775 



298,724 
3,701 



4,271,132 



3,711,131 

464,996 

81,301 

2,167 

11,537 

1,758,597 



1,720,882 
26,932 
7,500 



286,474 
220,803 
30,627 



1,199,646 
30,227 
11,910 



291,804 
185,290 
30,235 



212,325 
1,744 
1,029 



30 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 26.— NUMBER OF FEMALES OWNING AND HIEING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES, BY COLOR AND BY 

GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS : 1890. 



FOR FARMS AND HOMES SEPARATELY. 





FOR FARMS. 


FOR HOMES. 


GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS 
AND COLOR. 


Aggregate. 


Owners. 


Tenants. 


Aggregate. 


Owners. 






Total. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 


Total. 


Free. 


bered. 


Tenants. 




370,480 


312,505 


245,318 


67.1S7 


57,975 


1,462,423 


734,253 


573,374 


160,879 


728,170 




331,148 

33,634 

5,379 

317 

2 

59,106 


299,279 

10,203 

2,739 

284 


232,967 

9,578 

2,514 

259 


66,312 

625 
225 
25 


31,869 

23,431 

2,640 

33 

2 

1,867 


1,249,928 

171,670 

39,731 

873 

221 

569,281 


693,582 

29,708 

10,403 

512 

48 

282,458 


536,257 

27,253 

9,342 

477 

45 

198,273 


157,325 

2,455 

1,061 

35 

3 

84,185 


556,346 






29,328 






173 
286,823 


North Atlantic division 


57,239 


38,595 


18,644 




58,965 
82 
48 
11 


57,119 
68 
42 
10 


38,524 
34 
29 
8 


18,595 
34 
13 
2 


1,846 
14 
6 

1 


557,635 

8,972 

2,557 

115 

2 

199,508 


279,924 

1,836 

640 

58 


196,521 

1,264 

439 

49 


83,403 

572 

201 

9 


277,711 
7,136 














South Atlantic division 


71,190 


56,164 


52,909 


3,255 


15,026 


68,707 


62,772 


5,935 


130,801 




57,238 

11,901 

2,004 

46 

1 

137,733 


49,723 

5,136 

1,261 

44 


46,744 

4,913 

1,208 

44 


2,979 
223 
53 


7,515 

6,765 

743 

2 

1 

9,317 


100,493 

82,731 

16,200 

75 

9 

444,401 


51,681 

13,028 

3,955 

42 

1 

281,522 


46,562 

12,433 

3,735 

41 

1 

219,614 


5,119 

595 

220 

1 


48,812 






12,245 












128,416 


86,846 


41,570 


61,908 


162,879 




136,705 
585 
340 
103 


127,526 
479 
311 
100 


86,223 
336 
204 
83 


41,303 
143 

107 
17 


9,179 

106 

29 

3 


427,250 
12,027 

4,867 
230 
27 

185,136 


275,335 

4,112 

1,905 

159 

11 

66,642 


214,790 

3,247 

1,428 

139 

10 

64,321 


60,545 
865 
477 
20 

1 

2,321 


151,915 

7,915 
2,962 














93,191 


62,032 


60,344 


1,688 


31 ,159 


118,494 




69,126 

21,050 

2,977 

38 


56,392 

4,506 

1,115 

19 


54,978 

4,282 

1,065 

19 


1,414 
224 
50 


12,734 

16,544 

1,862 

19 


102,050 

67,296 

15,726 

62 

2 

64,097 


52,242 

10,585 

3,798 

16 

1 

34,924 


50,455 

10,190 

3,659 

16 

1 

28,394 


1,787 
395 
139 


49,808 
56,711 
11,928 












6,530 






9,260 


8,654 


6,624 


2,030 


606 










9,114 

16 

10 

119 

1 


8,519 
14 
10 
111 


6,498 

13 

8 

105 


2,021 
1 
2 
6 


595 

2 


62,500 
644 
381 
391 
181 


34,400 
147 
105 
237 
35 


27,929 
119 

81 
232 
33 


6,471 
28 
24 
5 
2 


28,100 










8 

1 



















SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



31 



Table 27.— NUMBER OF PERSONS OWNING AND HIRING THEIR HOMES, BY COLOR: TOTALS FOR THE 58 CITIES OF 
50,000 POPULATION AND OVER, FOR THE 11 CITIES OF 250,000 POPULATION AND OVER, AND FOR THE 47 CITIES 
OF 50,000 TO 250,000 POPULATION: 1890. 



GROUPS OF CITIES AND COLOR. 


Aggregate. 


OWNERS. 


Tenants. 


Total. 


Free. 


Incumbered. 




2,363,577 


567,740 


351,727 


216,013 


1,795,837 




2,229,456 

96,548 

33,396 

367 

3,810 

1,394,924 


554,685 

8,547 

4,415 

25 

68 

283,492 


341,899 

6,468 

3,275 

18 

67 

176,173 


212,786 
2,079 
1,140 

i 

107,319 


1,674,771 

88,001 

28,981 

342 

3,742 

1,111,432 














1,349,782 

31,850 

10,511 

113 

2,668 

968,653 


281,427 

1,278 

770 

5 

12 

281,248 


174,784 

875 

500 

2 

12 

175,554 


106,643 

403 

270 

3 


1,068,355 

30,572 

9,741 

108 

2,656 

684,405 












108,694 




879,674 

64,698 

22,885 

254 

1,142 


273,258 

7,269 

3,645 

20 

56 


167,115 

5,593 

2,775 

16 

55 


106,143 

1,676 

870 

4 

1 


606,416 

57,429 

19,240 

234 

1,086 




Mixed 







Table 28.— NUMBER OF MALES AND FEMALES OWNING AND HIRING THEIR HOMES, BY COLOR: TOTALS FOR THE 58 
CITIES OF 50,000 POPULATION AND OVER, FOR THE 11 CITIES OF 250,000 POPULATION AND OVER, AND FOR 
THE 47 CITIES OF 50,000 TO 250,000 POPULATION: 1890. 





MALES. 


FEMALES. 


GROUPS OF CITIES AND COLOR. 


Aggregate. 


Owners. 


Tenants. 


Aggregate. 


Owners. 






Total. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 


Total. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 


Tenants. 




1,957,951 


442,260 


266,604 


175,656 


1,515,691 


405,626 


125,480 


85,123 


40,357 










1,858,260 

71,530 

24,085 

311 

3,765 

1,161,453 


432,606 

6,479 

3,098 

10 

67 

221,550 


259,488 

4,789 

2,254 

7 

66 

134,393 


173,118 

1,690 

844 

3 

1 

87,157 


1,425,654 

65,051 

20,987 

301 

3,698 

939,903 


371,196 

25,018 

9,311 

56 

45 

233,471 


122,079 

2,068 

1,317 

15 

1 

61,942 


82,411 

1,679 

1,021 

11 

1 

41,780 


39,668 

3S9 

296 

4 







22,950 








44 




20,162 






White 


1,127,016 
23,790 

7,886 

95 

2,636 

796,498 


219,990 

973 

572 

3 

12 

220,710 


133,378 

640 

362 

1 

12 

132,211 


86,612 

333 

210 

2 


907,056 

22,817 

7,314 

92 

2,624 

575,788 


222,736 

8,060 

2,625 

18 

32 

172,155 


61,437 

305 

198 

2 


41,406 

235 

138 

1 


20,031 
70 
60 

1 


161,299 












32 




88,499 


63,538 


43,343 


20,195 








731,214 

47,740 

16,199 

216 

1,129 


212,616 

5,506 

2,526 

7 

55 


126,110 

4,149 

1,892 

6 

54 


86,506 

1,357 

634 

1 

1 


518,598 

42,234 

13,673 

209 

1,074 


148,460 

16,958 

6,686 

38 

13 


60,642 

1,763 

1,119 

13 

1 


41,005 

1,414 

883 

10 

1 


19,637 

319 

236 

3 


















12 







32 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 29.— PERCENTAGE OF MALES AND FEMALES OWNING AND HIRING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES, BY COLOR AND 

BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS: 1890. 

FOE FARMS AND HOMES COMBINED— FOR BOTH SEXES. 





PERCENTAGE OF 


POPULATION OF EACH 


SPECIFIED COLOR. 


PERCENTAGE OF OWN- 
ERS AND TENANTS. 


PERCENTAGE OF 
OWNERS. 


GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND COLOR. 


For aggre- 
gate of 
owners 

and 
tenants. 


For owners. 


For 
tenants. 


For re- 
mainder of 
population 
under con- 
sideration. 


For 
owners. 


For 
tenants. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 




Total. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 




20.26 


9.69 


6.98 


2.71 


10.57 


79.74 


47.80 


52.20 


72.03 


27.97 






20.47 
(U8.89 


10.54 
o3.54 


7.51 
a3.14 


3.03 
a0.40 


9.93 
ol5.35 


79.53 
o81.ll 


51.48 
17.50 
25.23 
65.12 
13.72 

41.08 


48.52 

82.50 
74.77 
34.88 
86.28 

58.92 


71.23 
89.29 
87.12 
95.66 
96.97 

64.40 


28.77 










17.03 
12.97 

21.33 


11.09 
1.78 

8.76 


10.61 
1.73 

5.64 


0.48 
0.05 

3.12 


5.94 
11.19 

12.57 


82.97 
87.03 

78.67 


















21.34 
al9.97 


8.85 
03.60 


5.70 
a2.15 


3.15 
al.45 


12.49 
ol6.37 


78.66 
a.80.03 


41.46 
17.50 
19.95 
48.94 
1.87 

39.37 


58.54 
82.50 
80.05 
51.06 
98.13 

60.63 


64.43 

59.29 
60.94 
83.07 
86.44 

90,82 














16.05 
49.07 

19.05 


7.85 
0.92 

7.50 


6.52 
0.79 

' 6.81 


1.33 
0.13 

0.69 


8.20 
48.15 

11.55 


83.95 
50.93 

80.95 
















White 


19.20 
a 18. 80 


9.82 
d3.53 


8.87 
a3.28 


0.95 
a0.25 


9.38 
al5.27 


80.80 
O8I.20 


51.14 
17.54 
26.78 
70.09 
1.31 

58.03 


48.86 
82.46 
73.22 
29.91 
98.69 

41.97 


90.35 
93.11 
92.64 
98.51 
100.00 

«3.11 


9.65 
6.89 




24.40 
82.62 

20.56 


17,10 
0.69 

11.93 


16.84 
0.69 

7.53 


0.25 


7.30 
51.93 

8.63 


75.60 
47.38 

79.44 










4.40 










20.56 
a20.65 


12.03 
a6.90 


7.58 
a4.65 


4.45 
a2.25 


8.53 
al3.75 


79.44 
U79.35 


58.52 
32.63 
35.38 
66.90 
26.42 

42.11 


41.48 
67.37 
64.62 
33.10 
73.58 

57.89 


63.04 
68.71 
64.47 
90.86 
91.03 

95.32 






31.29 




16.86 
34.20 

18.87 


11.28 
9.04 

7.95 


10.25 
8.23 

7.58 


1.03 

0.81 

0.37 


5.58 
25.16 

10.92 


83.14 
65.80 

81.13 


















18.97 
al8.67 


10.20 
a3.11 


9.76 
a2.89 


0.44 
a0.22 


8.77 
al5.56 


81.03 
oSl.33 


53.77 
15.65 
22.01 
31.41 
2^75 

54.17 


46.23 
84.35 
77.99 
68.59 
97.25 

45.83 


95.65 
92.78 
93.68 
91.25 
93.33 

79.89 












Indian 


18.18 
36.45 

20.49 


5.71 

1.00 

11.10 


5.38 
0.93 

8.87 


0.33 

0.07 

2.23 


12.47 
35.45 

9.39 


81.82 
63.55 

79.51 


















20.93 

al8.92 


11.47 
a5.51 


9.13 
a4.44 


2.34 
al.07 


9.46 
al3.41 


79.07 
081.08 


54.81 
27.98 
31.01 
70.54 
17.74 


45.19 
72.02 
68.99 
29.46 
82.26 


79.59 
80.31 
81.13 
98.76 
98.18 


20.41 










16.51 
9.43 


11.65 
1.67 


11.50 
1.64 


0.15 
0.03 


4.86 
7.76 


S3. 49 
90.57 













FOR MALES. 





33.86 


15.65 


11.07 


4.58 


18.21 


66.14 


46.23 


53.77 


70.74 


29.26 






34.30 
031.15 


17.02 
a5.67 


11.90 
o4.99 


5.12 
a0.68 


17.28 
(125.48 


65.70 
a68.85 


49.63 
17.10 

24.25 
64.88 
13.59 

38.44 


50.37 

82.90 
75.75 
35.12 
86.41 

61.56 


69.93 
88.58 
86.18 
06. 10 
97.05 

62.87 


30.07 
11.42 








28.84 
13.26 

35.54 


18.71 
1.80 

13 66 


17.98 
1.75 

8.59 


0.73 
0.05 

5.07 


10.13 
11.46 

21.88 


71.16 
86.74 

64.46 


3.90 
2.95 

37.13 










35.59 
O31.70 


13.80 
a5. 36 


8.68 
a3.03 


5.12 
a2.33 


21.79 
a26.34 


64.41 
a68.30 


38.78 
16.53 
18.21 
47.33 
1.87 

38.08 


61.22 
83.47 
81.79 
52.67 
98.13 

61.92 


62.91 
56.19 
57.86 
82.80 
86.44 

90.39 


37.09 
43.81 
42.14 
17.20 
13.56 

9.61 








22.08 
49.72 

32.07 


10.45 
0.94 

12.21 


8.65 
0.81 

11.01 


1.80 
0.13 

1.17 


11.63 
48.78 

19.86 


77.92 
50.28 

67.93 










32.67 
a31 .01 


15.97 
a5.68 


14.37 
a5.25 


1.60 
aO.43 


16.70 
a25.33 


67.33 
(168.99 


48.87 
17.18 
26.24 
69.82 
1.08 


51.13 
82.82 
73.76 
30.18 
98.92 


89.97 
92.54 
91.98 
98.42 
100.00 


10.03 
7.46 
8.02 
1.58 






Indian 


38.28 
53.46 


26.73 
0.58 


26.31 
0.58 


0.42 


11.55 

52,88 


61.72 
46.54 





SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



33 



Table 29.— PERCENTAGE OF MALES AND FEMALES OWNING AND HIEING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES, BY COLOR AND 

BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS : 1890— Continued. 

FOE FARMS AND HOMES COMBINED— FOR MALES-Continued. 



GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND COLOR. 



North Central di 



White 

Negro 

Mixed 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese.. 



South Central di 



White 

Negro 

Mixed 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese.. 



Western di' 



White 

Negro 

Mixed 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese.. 



PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION OF EACH SPECIFIED COLOR. 



For 

aggregate 

of owners 

and 

tenants. 



Incum- 
bered. 



ci3.64 
" "i.56 



For re- 
mainder of 
population 
under con- 
sideration. 



For 
owners. 



56.23 



56.67 
31.70 
33.54 
65.45 
25.95 



41.47 



52.44 
15.37 
21.07 
30.92 
2.58 



31.41 
70.79 
17.71 



66.46 
34.55 
74.05 



68.59 
29.21 
82.29 



61.47 
91.67 
91.04 



95.05 



95.42 
92.11 
92.99 
93.36 
92.86 



79.82 



79.49 
79.95 
82.00 
98.96 
98.26 



39.07 
33.94 
38.53 
8.33 



20.51 
20.05 
18.00 
1.04 



FOR FEMALES. 





6.00 


3.43 


2.68 


0.75 


2.57 


94.00 


57.11 


42.89 


78.21 


21.79 






5.90 
a6.69 


3,71 
al.42 


2.87 
al.30 


0.84 
a0.12 


2.19 
a5.27 


94.10 
a93.31 


62.80 
19,44 
29.13 
66.89 
21.52 

51.06 


37.20 
80.56 
70.87 
33.11 
78.48 

45.94 


77.48 
92.28 
90.21 
92 46 
93.75 

69.73 


22.52 
7.72 








4.22 
5.40 

7.20 


2.82 
1.16 

3.89 


2.61 
1.09 

2.71 


0.21 
0.07 

1.18 


1.40 
4.24 

3.31 


95.78 
94.60 

92.80 


"54 




6.25 
30.27 








7.18 
a8.53 


3.93 
al.89 


2.74 
al.29 


1.19 

a0.60 


3.25 
a6.64 


92.82 
a91.47 


54.66 
21.03 
26.18 
53.97 


45.34 

78.97 
73.82 
46.03 
100.00 

53.87 


69.74 
68.17 
68.62 
83.82 


30.26 
31.83 
31.38 
16.18 








8.67 
2.27 

6.10 


4.68 


3.92 


0.76 


3.99 
2.27 

3.28 


91.33 
97.73 

93.90 






2.82 


2.61 


0.21 


46.13 


92.64 


7.36 






5.66 
a6.81 


3.64 
al.42 


3.35 
al.35 


0.29 
n0.07 


2.02 
a5.42 


94.34 
a93.16 


64.29 
19.19 
28.65 
71.07 
10.00 

70.42 


35.71 
80.81 
71.35 
28.93 
90.00 

29.58 


92.01 
95.50 
94.77 
98.84 
100.00 

74.76 


7.99 
4.50 








10.33 
33.33 

5.41 


7.34 
3.33 

3.81 


7.26 
3.33 

2.85 


0.08 


2.99 
30.00 

1.60 


89.67 
66.67 

94.59 


1.16 






0.96 


25.24 




5.35 
a8.54 


3.82 
a3.26 


2.85 
a2.50 


0.97 
a0.76 


1.53 
a5.28 


94.65 
a91.46 


71.43 
36.40 
42.56 
77.78 
40.74 

46.23 


28.57 
63.60 
57.44 
22.22 
59.26 

53.77 


74.72 
78.04 
73.65 
85.71 
90.91 

96.88 


25.28 
21.96 








4.13 
36.00 

5.17 


3.21 

14.66 

2.39 


2.75 
13.33 

2.32 


0.46 
1.33 

0.07 


0.92 
21.34 

2.78 


95.87 
64.00 

94.83 


14.29 
9.09 

3.12 










4.71 
a6.15 


2.99 
al.15 


2.90 
al.10 


0.09 
a0.05 


1.72 
a5.00 


95.29 
a93.85 


63.46 
17.08 
26.27 
35.00 
50.00 

59.41 


36.54 
82.92 
73.73 
65.00 
50.00 

40.59 


97.05 
95.90 
96.15 
100. 00 
100.00 

80.36 


2.95 
4.10 
3.85 








4.48 
4.44 

5.89 


1.57 
2.22 

3.50 


1.57 

2.22 

2.81 




2.91 

2.22 

2.39 


95.52 
95.56 

94.11 










0.69 


19.64 






5.89 
a9.99 


3.53 
a.2.62 


2.83 
a2.10 


0.70 
aO.52 


2.36 
a.7.37 


94.11 
a90.01 


59.93 
24.39 
29.41 
68.24 
19.23 


40.07 
75.61 
70.59 
31.76 

80.77 


80.21 
81.99 
77.39 
96.84 
91.29 


19.79 
18.01 
22.61 
3.16 
5.71 








3.34 

4.08 


2.28 
0.90 


2.21 
0.85 


0.07 
0.05 


1.06 
3.78 


96.66 
95.32 







- Negro and mixed. 



34 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 30.— PERCENTAGE OF MALES AND FEMALES OWNING AND HIRING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES, BY COLOR AND 

BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS : 1890. 

FOR FARMS AND HOMES SEPARATELY— FOR BOTH SEXES. 



GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND COLOR. 



The 1'ntted Slates.. 



White 

Negro 

Mixed 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese . 



North Atlantic divisio 



White 

Negro 

Mixed.. 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese . 



South Atlantic division.. 
White 



North Central di 



White 

Negro 

Mixed 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese 



South Central divi 



White 

Negro 

Mixed 

Indian 

Chinese and Japanese.. 



Western division.. 



FOR FABMS. 



71.65 
2U.78 
28.89 
79.25 
10.12 

78.55 



65.84 
22.95 
35.20 
80.96 



73.63 
52.36 
60.13 

89.62 



28.35 
79.22 
71.11 
20.75 



21.45 



Percentage of owners. 



Incum- 
bered. 



21.41 
41.91 
31.67 
24.19 
100.00 



34.16 
77.05 
64.80 
19.04 



65.80 
52.74 
58.31 
74.47 



92.57 



92.49 
93.07 
93.41 
99.37 

100.00 



57.48 



26.37 
47.64 
39.87 



48.27 



36.22 
82.17 
77.54 
60.91 
79.31 



IS. 91 



57.44 
62.56 
56.72 
90.40 
85.71 



28.97 
9.87 
11.32 



34.20 
47.26 
41.69 

25.53 



Percentage of owners 
and tenants. 



39.41 
15.36 
23.19 
52.86 
13.88 



32.98 



7.51 
6.93 
6.59 
0.63 



33.29 
16.22 
17.83 
45.30 
1.87 



14.49 
22.78 
46.41 
0.84 



60.59 
84.64 
76.81 
47.14 
86.12 



66.71 
83.78 
82.17 



73.11 



95.84 
91.02 
92.60 
93.40 

100.00 



IS. 67 
23.04 
23.08 
18.48 
93.88 



76. CO 
76.43 
85.38 



46.84 
29.03 
30.80 
44.41 



29.22 



4.16 
8.98 
7.40 



23.09 



23.40 
23.57 
14.62 
1.3-4 
15.62 



37.95 
13.58 
21.59 
19.57 
1.74 



44.05 



44.65 
24.62 
26.64 
62.11 
18.44 



64.55 
85.51 
77.22 
53.59 
99.16 



53.66 



60.04 
61.38 

85.02 



53.16 
70.97 
69.20 
55.59 
75.28 



70.78 



02.05 
8G.42 
78.41 
80.43 
98.26 



5 5.95 



55.35 
75.38 
73.36 
37.89 
81.56 



70.74 
67.27 
91.76 
91.58 



95.15 
94.98 
94.71 

96.88 



81.67 
81.15 
79.96 
98.86 
OS. 45 



FOE MALES. 



28.55 
11.46 
13.97 
3.88 



36.31 



36.29 
39.96 
38.62 
14.98 
13.56 



30.17 
29.26 
32.73 



4.89 



4.85 
5.02 
5.29 
3.12 
11.11 



18.04 



18.33 
18.85 
20.04 
1.14 
1.55 





64.37 


35.63 


71.04 


28.96 


33.89 


66.11 


70.35 


29.65 








70.06 
20.04 
27.32 
78.50 
10.15 

76.75 


29.94 
79.96 
72.68 
21.50 
89.85 

23.25 


70.28 
89.69 
88.27 
95.65 
86.89 

65.58 


29.72 
10.31 
11.73 
4.35 
13.11 

34.42 


35.94 

14.75 
22.04 
51.74 
13.75 

29.16 


64.06 
85.25 
77.96 
48.26 
86.25 

70.84 


69.49 
87.36 
84.32 
96.77 
97.39 

61.15 


30.51 




12.64 




45.68 




3.23 




2.61 




38.85 








76. SO 
56.40 
66.30 
72.55 


23.20 
43.60 
33.70 
27.45 
100.00 

48.35 


65.60 
53.02 
56.81 
72.97 


34.40 
46.98 
43.19 
27.03 


29.43 
15.02 
15.76 
43.57 
1.67 

24. 7S 


70.57 
84.98 
84.24 
56.43 
98.13 

75.22 


61.18 
56.64 
58.09 
85.23 
86.44 

86.46 


38.82 




43.36 


JNefiTO 


41.91 




14.77 




13.56 




51.65 


92.32 


7.6S 


13.54 








63.42 
21.61 
32.92 
79.02 
9.09 


36.58 
78.39 
67.08 
20.98 
90.91 


92.25 
92.73 
93.03 
99.27 
100.00 


7.75 
7.27 
6.97 
0.73 


31.61 
14.08 
22.11 
39.62 
0.57 


68.39 
85.92 
77.89 
60.38 
99.43 


84.56 

92.33 
91.00 
92.86 
100.00 


15.44 




7.67 








7.14 







SUMMARY FOE, THE UNITED STATES. 



35 



Table 30.— PERCENTAGE OF MALES AND FEMALES OWNING AND HIEING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES, BY COLOR AND 

BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS: 1890— Continued. 

FOR FARMS AND HOMES SEPARATELY— FOR MALES— Continued. 





FOR FARMS. 


FOR HOMES. 


GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND COLOR. 


Percentage of owners 
and tenants. 


Percentage of owners. 


Percentage of owners 
and tenants. 


Percentage 


ofowner, 




For 
owners. 


For 
tenants. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 


For 
owners. 


For 
tenants. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 




72. 04 


27.96 


56. CO 


43.50 


42.86 


57.14 


67.38 










72.16 
50.49 
57.20 
89.03 

77.78 


27.84 
49.51 
42.80 
10.97 
22.22 


56.45 
61.78 
55.40 
91.01 
85.71 

95.19 


43.55 
38.22 
41.60 
8.96 
14.29 

4.81 


43.29 
27.54 
28.35 
39.63 
24.18 

27.43 


56.71 
72.46 
71.65 
60.37 
75.82 

72.57 


67.37 
67.79 
64.16 
93.22 
91.62 

94.62 


















8.3S 
5,38 








62.25 37.75 
17.52 1 82.48 
21.50 78.50 
38.20 : 61.80 
20.69 79.31 

80.38 : 19.62 


95.65 1 4.35 
90.60 9.40 

92^0 7'30 


31.94 1 65.06 
12.90 87.10 
20.53 79.47 
18.11 1 81.89 


94.68 
94.48 
93.92 
95.83 
87.50 

82.10 






5..V2 
6.03 












76.94 


23.06 


42.32 


57.68 










80.63 j 19.37 
76.06 23.94 
75.47 ! 24.53 
80,88 19.12 


76.62 1 23.38 
74.83 25.17 
85.83 14.17 
98.91 1 1.09 
84.38 1 15.62 


42.90 
25.12 
26.39 


57.10 
74.88 
73.61 


81.77 
81.20 
80.76 
99.01 
98.54 






18.80 




62.34 37.66 

























FOR FEMALES. 





84.35 


15.65 


78.50 


21.50 


50.21 


49.79 


78.09 










90.38 
30.34 
50.92 
89.59 


9.62 
69.66 
49.08 
10.41 
100.00 

3.16 


77.84 
93.87 
91.79 
91.20 


22.16 
6.13 
8.21 
8.80 


55.49 
17.31 
26.18 
58.65 

21.72 

49.62 


44.51 
82.69 
73.82 
41.35 
78.28 

50.38 


77.32 
91.74 
89.80 
93.16 
93.75 

70.20 






8.26 
10.20 




6.25 




96.84 


67.43 


32.57 








96.87 
82.93 
87.50 
90.91 


3.13 

. 17.07 

12.50 

9.09 


67.45 
50.00 
69.05 
80.00 


32.55 

50.00 
30.95 
20.00 


50.20 
20.46 
25.03 
50.43 


49.80 
79.54 
74.97 
49.57 
100.00 

65.56 


70.21 
68.85 
68.59 
84.48 






















78.89 


21.11 


94.20 


5.80 


34.44 


91.36 


8.64 






86.87 
13.16 
62.92 
95.65 


13.13 
56.84 
37.08 
4.35 
100.00 

6.76 


94.01 
95.66 
95.80 
100.00 


5.99 
4.34 
4.20 


51 .43 
15.75 
24.41 
56.00 
11.11 

63.35 


4S.57 
84.25 
75.59 
44.00 
88.89 

36.65 


90.10 
95.43 
94.44 
97.62 
100.00 

78.01 






4.57 






2.38 






93.24 


67.63 


32.37 










93.29 

81.88 
91.47 

97.09 


6.71 
18.12 
8.53 
2.91 


67.61 
70.15 
65.59 
83.00 


32.39 
29.85 
34. 4L 

17.00 


64.44 
34.19 
39.14 
69.13 
40.74 

36.00 


35.56 
65.81 
60.86 
30.87 
59.26 

64.00 


78.01 
78.96 
74.96 
87.42 
90.91 

96.52 




Mixed 


21.04 
25.04 
12.58 
9.09 

3.48 






66.56 


33.44 


97.28 


2.72 






81.58 
21.41 
37.45 
50.00 


18.42 
78.59 
62.55 
50.00 


97.49 
95.03 
95.52 
100.00 


2.51 
4.97 
4.18 


51.19 
15.73 
24.15 
25.81 
50.00 

54.49 


48.81 
84.27 
75.85 
74.19 
50.00 

45.51 


96.58 
96.27 
96.34 
100.00 
100.00 

81.30 


3.42 
3.73 
3.66 














93.46 


6.54 


76.54 


23.46 


18.70 




White 


93.47 
87.50 
100.00 
93.28 


6.53 
12.50 


76.28 
92.86 
80.00 
94.59 


23.72 
7.14 

20.00 
5.41 


55.04 

22.83 
27.56 
60.61 
19.34 


44.96 
77.17 
72.44 
39.39 
80.66 


81.19 
80.95 
77.14 
97.89 
94.29 


18.81 
19.05 
22.86 
2.11 
5.71 




6.72 
100.00 













36 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 31.— PERCENTAGE OF MALES AND FEMALES OWNING AND HIEING THEIR HOMES, BY COLOR : TOTALS FOR 
THE 58 CITIES OF 50,000 POPULATION AND OVER, FOR THE 11 CITIES OF 250,000 POPULATION AND OVER, AND 
FOR THE 47 CITIES OF 50,000 TO 250,000 POPULATION: 1890. 

FOR BOTH SEXES. 





PERCENTAGE OF 


POPULATION OF EACH 


SPECIFIED COLOR. 


PERCENTAGE OF OWN- 
ERS AND TENANTS. 


PERCENTAGE OF 
OWNERS. 


GROUPS OF CITIES AND COLOR. 


For 
aggregate 
of owners 

and 
tenants. 


For owners. 


For 
tenants. 


For re- 
mainder of 
population 

sideration. 


For 
owners. 


For 
tenants. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 




Total. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 




20.10 


4.84 


3.00 


1.84 


15.32 


79.84 


24.02 


75.98 


61.95 










20.17 
O20.56 


5.02 
a2.05 


3.09 
«1.54 


1.93 
n0.51 


15.15 
al8.51 


79.83 
079.44 


24.88 
8.85 

13.22 
6.81 
1.78 

20.32 


75.12 
91.15 
86.78 
93.19 
98.22 

79.68 


61.64 
75.68 
74.18 
72.00 
98.53 

62.14 














41.10 
10.63 

20.17 


2.80 
0.19 

4.10 


2.02 
0.19 

2.55 


0.78 


38.30 
10.44 

16.07 


58.90 
89.37 

79.83 










1.55 










20.22 
(120.44 


4.22 
a0.99 


2.62 
a0.66 


1.60 
n0.33 


16.00 
al9.45 


79.78 
«79.56 


20.85 
4.01 
7.33 
4.42 
0.45 

29.34 


79.15 
95.99 
92.67 
95.58 
99.55 

70.66 


62.11 
68.47 
64.94 
40.00 
100.00 

61.76 














23.49 
8.53 

20.16 


1.04 

0.01 

5.91 


0.42 
0.04 

3.65 


0.62 


22.45 
8.49 

11.25 


76.51 
91.47 

79.84 










2.26 


38.24 




20.lt 
U20.62 


6.25 
a2.57 



3.82 
a 1.97 


2.43 
a0.60 


13.86 
alS.05 



79.89 
a"9.38 


31.06 
11.24 
15.93 

7.87 
4.90 


68.94 
88.76 
84.07 
92.13 
95.10 


61.16 
76.94 
76.13 
80.00 
98.21 






23.06 




59.63 
24.90 


4.70 
1.22 


3.76 
1.20 


0.94 
0.02 


54.93 
23.68 


40.37 
75.10 













FOR MALLS. 





33.48 


7.56 


4.56 


3.00 


25.92 


66.52 


22.59 


77.41 


60.28 








White 


33.66 
a.32.51 


7.83 
(13.26 


4.70 
a2.40 


3.13 

a0.86 


25.83 
a29.25 


66.34 

a67.49 


23.28 
9.06 

12.86 
3.22 
1.78 

19.08 


76.72 
90.94 
87.14 
96.78 
98.22 

80.92 


59.98 
73.92 
72.76 
70.00 
98.51 

60.66 


40.02 
26.08 




70.52 
11.17 

33.67 


2.27 

0.20 

6.42 


1.59 
0.20 

3.89 


0.68 


68.25 
10.97 

27.25 


29.48 
88.83 

66.33 










2.53 










33.91 

((32.88 


6.62 
ol.60 


4.01 
al.04 


2.61 
a0.56 


27.29 
a31.28 


66.09 
a67.12 


19.52 
4.09 

7.25 
3.16 
0.46 

27.71 


80.48 
95.91 
92.75 
96.84 
99.54 

72.29 


60.63 

65.78 
63.29 
33.33 
100.00 

59.90 














39.75 
9.01 

33.20 


1.26 
0.04 

9.20 


0.42 
0.04 

5.51 


0.84 


38.49 
8.97 

24.00 


60.25 
90.99 

66.80 










3.69 










33.29 
a32.33 


9.68 
a4.06 


5.74 
(13.05 


3.94 
al.01 


23.61 

a28.27 


66.71 
a67.67 


29.03 
11.53 
15.59 
3.24 

4.87 


70.92 
88.47 
84.41 
96.76 
95.13 


59.31 

75.35 
74.90 
85.71 
98.18 














100.00 
25.44 


3.24 

1.24 


2.78 
1.22 


0.46 
0.02 


96.76 
24.20 








74.56 









FOR FEMALES. 





6.91 


2.14 


1.45 


0.69 


4.77 


93.09 


30.93 


69.07 


67.84 










6.71 
al0.16 


2.21 
al.OO 


1.49 
a0.80 


0.72 
O0.20 


4.50 
a9.16 


93.29 
a89.84 


32.89 
8.27 
14.14 
26,79 
2.22 

26.53 


67.11 
91.73 
85.86 
73.21 
97.78 

73.47 


67.51 
81.19 

77.52 
73.33 
100.00 

67.45 






18.81 




12.39 
2.08 

6.73 


3.32 
0.04 

1.78 


2.43 

0.04 

1.20 


0.89 


9.07 
2.04 

4.95 


87.61 
97.92 

93.27 










0.58 










6.64 
a9.61 


1.83 
a0.46 


1.23 

a0.34 


0.60 
((0.12 


4.81 
a9.18 


93.36 

a90.36 


27.58 
3.78 

7.54 
11.11 


72.42 
96.22 
92.46 
88.89 
100.00 

63.09 


67.40 
77.05 
69.70 
50.00 














7.43 
1.59 

7.16 


0.S2 


0.41 


0.41 


6.61 

1.59 

4.52 


92.57 
98.41 

92.81 










2.64 


1.80 


0.84 


36.91 


63.22 










6.81 
al0.42 


2.78 
al.27 


1.88 
al.03 


0.90 
aO.24 


4.03 
(19.15 


93.19 
a89.58 


40.85 
10.40 
16.74 
31.21 

7.69 


59.15 

89.60 
83.26 
65.79 
92.31 


67.62 
81.91 
78.91 
76.92 
100.00 














18.09 
8.78 


6.19 

0.67 


4.76 
0.67 


1.43 


11.90 
8.11 


81.91 
91.22 















SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



37 



Table 32 PEECENTAGE OF WHITE PERSONS OWNING AND HIEING THEIE FAEMS AND HOMES, BY PLACE OF 

BIRTH AND BY GEOGEAPHICAL DIVISIONS : 1890. 



FOR FARMS AND HOMES COMBINED. 



Percentage of 
tenants. 



FOR FARMS. 



Percentage of 



FOR HOMES. 



Percentage of 
tenants. 



For For 

owners, tenants. 



The United States 

Austria-Hungary 

Canada and Newfoundland (English) 
Canada and Newfoundland (French) 

England and Wales 

France 

Germany 

Ireland 

Italy 

Norway, Sweden, and Denmark 

Russia and Poland 

Scotland 

United States 

Other countries 

North Atlantic division 

Austria-Hungary 

Canada and Newfoundland (English). 
Canada and Newfoundland (French). 

England and Wales 

France 

Germany 

Ireland 

Italy 

Norway, Sweden, and Denmark 

Russia and Poland 

Scotland 

United States 

Other countries 

South Atlantic division 

Austria-Hungary 

Canada and Newfoundland (English) 
Canada and Newfoundland (French) 

England and Wales 

France 

Germany 

Ireland 

Italy 

Norway, Sweden, and Denmark 

Russia'and Poland 

Scotland 

United States 

Other countries 

North Central division 

Austria-Hungary 

Canada and Newfoundland (English) 
Canada and Newfoundland (French).. 

England and Wales 

France 

Germany 

Ireland 

Italy 

Norway, Sweden, and Denmark 

Russia and Poland 

Scotland 

United States 

Other countries — 

South Central division 

Austria-Hungary 

Canada and Newfoundland (English) 
Canada and Newfoundland (French) 

England and Wales 

France 

Germany 

Ireland 

Italy 

Norway, Sweden, and Denmark 

Russia and Poland 

Scotland 

United States 

Other countries 

Western division 

Austria-Hungary 

Canada and Newfoundland (English) 
Canada and Newfoundland (French) 

England and Wales 

France 

Germany 

Ireland 

Italy 

Norway, Sweden, and Denmark 

Russia and Poland 

Scotland 

United States 

Other countries 



41.11 
46.73 
31.41 
45.79 
47.46 
52.47 
43.53 
14.51 
60.64 
31.38 
44.88 
52.99 
47.13 

41.46 



31.76 
33.32 
34.14 

5.95 
24.85 

9.17 
29.06 
47.62 
27.08 

51.14 



38.79 
39.39 
23.86 
41.36 
38.05 
46.03 
46.74 
19,80 
41.46 
8.47 
40.62 
51.80 
33.33 



59.64 
57.11 
58.13 
59.69 
63.06 
63.34 
63.74 
23.48 
66.10 
51.24 
60.45 
56.64 
62.55 

53.77 



45.07 
45.27 
53.90 
47.52 
16.92 
48.90 
33.41 
44.49 
54.50 
37.04 

54.81 



45. 32 
51.35 
56.69 
58.65 
46.53 
52.32 
53.39 
39.20 
58.74 
42.50 
54.31 
55.70 
48.50 



58.89 
53.27 
68.59 
54.21 
52.54 
47.53 
56.47 
85.49 
39.36 
68.62 
55.12 
47.01 
52.57 

58.54 



92.34 
70.64 
80.06 
69.02 
68.24 
66.68 
65.86 
94.05 
75.15 
90.83 
70.94 
52.38 
72.92 

48.86 



61.21 
60.61 
76.14 
58,64 
61.95 
53.97 
53.26 
80.20 
58.54 
91.53 
59.38 
48.20 
66.67 

41.48 



40.36 
42.89 
41.87 
40.31 
36.94 



48.76 
39.55 
43.36 
37.45 



60.45 
56.34 
63.22 
54.93 
51.73 
46.10 
52.48 
83.08 
51.10 
66.59 
55.51 
45.50 
62.96 

45.19 



61.76 
57.77 
57.74 
67.15 
75.24 
64.48 
68.13 
77.35 
56.04 
52.78 
68.42 
73.77 
67.97 



38.24 
42.23 
42.26 
32.85 
24.76 
35.52 
31.87 
22.65 
43. 98 
47.22 
31.58 
26.23 
32.03 



64.43 35.57 



81.18 
80.29 
82.82 
82.15 



67.57 
84.97 
84.03 
84.85 
69.35 
74.86 

7S.59 



18.82 
19.71 
17.18 
17.85 
16.06 
19.07 
13.07 
32.43 
15.03 
15.97 
15.15 
30.65 
25.14 

21.41 



52.65 
54.31 
50.51 
58.42 
61.55 
57.39 
62.92 
57.77 
47.33 
35.77 
61.39 
66,28 
55.02 

90.35 



47.35 
45.69 
49,49 
41.58 
35.45 
42.61 
37.08 
42.23 
52.67 
61.23 
38.61 
33.72 
44.98 

9.65 



65.87 
74.95 
75.08 
76.65 
85.56 
80.50 
85.93 
75.00 
76.47 
"5.90 
82.59 
78.25 
72.94 

65.84 



34.13 
25.05 
24.92 
23.35 
14.44 
19.50 
14.07 
25.00 
23.53 
24.10 
17.41 
21.75 
27.06 

34.16 



57.33 
49.84 
54.18 
62.66 
70.35 
60.28 
61.52 
72.53 
51.05 
47.37 
63.80 
74.27 
61.23 

65.80 



65.30 
82.55 
95.24 
83.80 
83.72 
77.67 
83.62 
88.02 
84.49 
69,54 
87.94 
90.97 



63.04 



59.47 
54.60 
61.54 
65.08 
71.19 
63.25 
69.62 
73.46 
53.20 
52.42 
65.83 
63.79 
58.37 

95.65 



34.70 
17.45 

4.76 
16.20 
16.28 
22.33 
16.38 
11.98 
15.51 
30.46 
12.06 

9.03 
11.01 

36.96 



68.92 
78.04 
100.00 
78.14 
72.90 
79.54 
81.30 
57.33 
83.22 
85.19 
79.38 
65.64 
76.42 

73.63 



21.86 
27.10 
20.46 
18.70 
42.67 
16.78 
14.81 
20.62 
34.36 
23.58 

26.37 



54.68 
48.65 
43.31 
41.35 
53.47 
47.68 
46.61 
60.80 
41.26 
57.50 
45.69 
44.30 
51.50 



89.01 
94.35 
93.75 
94.38 
96.55 
94.32 
95.46 
95.68 
94.19 
94.85 
95.16 
95.71 
98.02 

79.59 



82.99 
75.14 
81.61 
84.36 
83.83 
77.28 
80.32 
85.60 
81.58 



40.53 
45,40 
38.46 
34.92 
28.81 
36.75 
30.38 
26.54 
46.80 
47.58 
34.17 
36.21 
41.63 

4.35 



88.60 
81.24 
86.56 
82.94 
85.59 
81.45 
88.10 
81.40 
85.33 
85.55 
85.86 
69.64 
80.29 

63.78 



11.40 
18.76 
13.44 
17.06 
14.41 
18.55 
11.90 
18.60 
14.67 
14.45 
14.14 
30.36 
19.71 

36.22 



10.99 
5.65 
6.25 
5.62 
3.45 
5.68 
4.54 
4.32 
5.81 
5.15 
4.84 
4.29 
1.93 



17.01 
24.86 
18.39 
15.64 
16.17 
22.72 
19.68 
14.40 
18.42 
19.25 
17.78 
21.13 
17.10 



42.23 
71.23 
73.53 
72.02 
76.04 
70.58 
75.93 
39.62 
66.25 
45.32 
71.28 
63,71 
53.44 

81.33 



88.10 
81.68 
88.32 
88.11 
80.98 
86.20 
87.92 
70.53 
85.08 
87.08 
86.52 
80.18 
69,04 



57,77 
28.77 
26.47 
27.98 
23.96 
29.42 
24.07 
60.38 
33.75 
54.68 
28.72 
36.29 
46.56 

18.67 



46.72 
54.69 
57.75 
58.40 
67.67 
60.73 
57.70 
51.85 
51.87 
19.43 
63.92 
66.96 
49.62 

92.49 



42.67 
50.16 
45.82 
37.34 
29.65 
39.72 
38.48 
27.47 
48.95 
52.63 
36.20 
25.73 
38.77 

34.20 



88.24 
83.42 
100.00 
88.15 
88.50 



91.30 
91.94 
92.63 



57,44 



53.93 
45.38 
50.16 
57.02 
65.55 
57.31 
59.53 
62.92 
48.60 
45.46 
58.16 
58.87 
53.97 

95.84 



53.28 
45.31 
42.25 
41.60 
32.33 
39.27 
42.30 
48.15 
48.13 
80.57 
36.08 
33.04 
50.38 

7.51 



16.58 



11.85 
11.50 
19.14 
15.15 
4.65 
11.29 
8.70 
8.06 
7.37 
14.91 

42.56 



87.35 
94.82 
92.00 
94.85 
96.30 
93.97 
95.62 
93.55 
93.05 
93.58 
95.77 
95.90 
96.86 

76.60 



11.90 
18.32 
11.68 
11,89 
19.02 
13.80 
12.08 
29.47 
14.92 
12.92 
13.48 
19.82 
30.96 



81.01 
71.47 
79.77 
83.32 
78.78 
75.53 
75.91 
77.63 
80.51 
78.46 
79.41 
75.87 
77.71 



46.07 
54.62 
49.84 
42.98 
34.45 
42.69 
40.47 
37.08 
51.40 
54.54 
41.84 
41.13 
46.03 

4.16 



12.65 
5.18 
8.00 
5.15 
3.70 
6.03 
4.38 
6.45 
6.95 
6.42 
4.23 
4.10 
3.14 

23.40 



18.99 
28.53 
20.23 
16.68 
21,22 
24.47 
24.09 
22.37 
19.49 
21.54 
20.59 
24.13 
22.29 



28.19 
34.69 
23.04 
36.66 
36.87 
42.76 
36.42 
12.14 
41.83 
21.71 
35.15 
40.52 
37.68 

33.29 



71,81 
65.31 
76.96 
63.34 
63.13 
57.24 
63.58 
87.86 
58.17 
78.29 
64.85 
59.48 
62.32 



65.87 
64.35 
59.83 
69.68 
78.48 
67.19 
70.71 
78.55 
63.88 
56.62 
71.13 
73.12 
72.72 

63.71 



24.00 
16.01 
27.29 
25.95 
29,93 
30.52 

5.23 
20.49 

8.69 
25.61 
37.80 
23.19 

35.45 



92.78 
76.00 
83.99 
72,71 
74,05 
70.07 
69.48 
94,77 
79.51 
91.31 
74.39 
62.20 
76.81 

64.55 



53.06 
54.17 
48.09 
58.43 
63 43 



37.16 
31.56 
20.24 
33.60 
31.79 
42.72 
42.74 
17.35 
35.43 
7.57 
33.67 
34.96 
27,55 

46,84 



62.84 
68.44 
79,76 
66.40 
68.21 
57.28 
57.26 
82.65 
64.57 
92,43 
66.33 
65,04 
72.45 

53.16 



44.33 
42.57 
45.07 
47.68 
48.74 
52.91 
52.28 
20.07 
46.33 
37.41 
47.35 
45.29 
50.62 

37.95 



55.67 
57.43 
54.93 
52.32 
51.26 
47.09 
47.72 
79.93 
53.67 
62.59 
52.65 
54.71 
49.38 



77.49 
68.50 
77.62 
75.99 
61.91 
58.84 
72.99 
70.40 
63.06 



62.05 95.15 



33.91 
35.48 
27.86 
37.69 
39.57 
46.54 
41.74 
15.11 
38.38 
29.07 
37.24 
37.57 



44.65 



60.09 
61 .52 
72.14 
62.31 
60.43 
53.46 
58.26 
84.89 
61.62 
70.93 
62.76 
62.43 
66.64 

55.35 



38.10 
42.41 
45.29 
49.72 
39.41 
42.60 
46.29 
34.07 
48.20 
33.33 
44.40 
44.69 
41.58 



61.90 
57.59 
54.71 
50,28 
60.59 
57,40 
53.71 
65.93 
51.80 
66.67 
55.60 
55.31 
58.42 



94.08 
94.87 
94.13 
96.64 
94,55 
95.40 
96.12 
95.38 
95.57 
94.85 
95.10 
98.44 

81.67 



83.76 
77.23 
82.90 
84.91 
85.97 
78.30 
82.04 
88.30 
82.34 
81.99 
83.90 
81.29 
85.80 



56.74 


43.26 


63.95 


36.05 


58.66 


41.34 


45.90 


54.10 


36.80 


63.20 


60.86 


39.14 


65.83 


34,17 


56.47 


43,53 


86.11 


13.89 


62.99 


37.01 


82.12 


17.88 



77,09 


22.91 


83.34 


16.66 


86.43 


13.57 


83.06 


16.94 


66,67 


33.33 


86.25 


13.75 


■ 87.19 


12.81 


'1 90.44 


9.56 


69.83 


30,17 


V 65.33 


34.67 



38 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 33.— PERCENTAGE OF WHITE PERSONS OWNING AND HIRING THEIR HOMES, BY PLACE OF BIRTH: TOTALS 
FOR THE 58 CITIES OF 50,000 POPULATION AND OVER, FOR THE 11 CITIES OF 250,000 POPULATION AND OVER, 
AND FOR THE 47 CITIES OF 50,000 TO 250,000 POPULATION: 1890. 



AND PLACE OF BIRTH. 



The 58 cities 

Austria-Hungary 

Canada and Newfoundland (English).. 
Canada and Newfoundland (French).... 

England and Wales 

France 

Germany 

Ireland 

Ilaly 

Norway, Sweden, and Denmark 

Russia and Poland 

Scotland.. 

United States 

Other countries 



The 11 cities 

Austria-Hungarv 

Canada and Newfoundland (Englishl.. 
Canada and Newfoundland (French).... 

England and Wales 

France 

Germany 



PERCENTAGE OF 

OWNERS AND 

TENANTS. 



21.93 
19.77 
13.87 
23.49 
21.09 
31.85 
21.49 
6.28 
24.60 
14.87 
24.19 
23.41 



19.77 
16.03 
15.67 
20.27 
16.82 
26.10 



75.91 
68.15 
75.51 
93.72 
75.40 
85.13 
75.81 



PERCENTAGE OF 

OWNERS AND 

TENANTS. 



GROUPS OF 



I PLACE OF IUKTII. 



45.79 
59.79 
74.61 
61.39 
68.35 
70.82 
45.01 
43.39 
62.90 
61.86 
55.84 



52.43 
54.23 
57.10 
60.51 
67.00 
61.58 



46.13 
46.46 
54.21 
40.21 



37.10 
38.14 
44.16 



47.57 
45.77 
42.90 
39.49 
31.00 
38.12 



For For 

owners, tenants 



The 11 cities -Continued. 

Ireland 

Italy 

Norway, Sweden, and Denmark 

Russia and Poland 

Scotland 

United States 

Other countries 

The 47 cities 

Austria-Hungary 

Canada and Newfoundland (English) 
Canada and Newfoundland (French).. 

England and Wales :. 

France 

Germany 

Ireland 

Italy.. ...» 

Norway, Sweden, and Denmark 

Russia and Poland. 

Scotland 

United States 

Other countries 



19.92 
4.55 
20.85 
9,82 
20.38 
20.05 
18.20 



33.63 
24.44 
13.47 
27.86 
31.80 
41.53 
33.95 
12.02 
30.39 
28.96 
30.10 
27.26 
35.21 



95.15 
79.15 
90.18 
79.62 
79.95 
81.80 



66.37 
75.56 
86.53 
72.04 
65.20 
55.47 
06.05 



61.38 
62.20 
60.30 



58.44 
52.98 
42.85 
59.06 
80.03 
61.15 
60.48 
68.83 
43.45 
47.63 
64.50 
61.58 
52.76 



Incum- 
bered. 



53.45 
61.11 

38.62 



41.56 
47.02 
57.15 
40.94 
19.97 
38.85 
33.52 
31.17 
56.55 
52.37 
35.T.0 
38.42 
47.24 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



39 



Table 34.— PERCENTAGE OF NATIVE WHITE PERSONS OWNING AND HIRING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES, BY NATIVITY 
OF PARENTS AND BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS: 1890. 





FOR FARMS AND HOMES COMBINED. 


FOR FARMS. 


FOR HOMES. 


GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND NATIVITY 
OF PARENTS. 


Percentage of own- 
ers and tenants. 


Percentage of 


Percentage of own- Percentage of 
ers and tenants. owners. 


Percentage of own- 
ers and tenants. 


Percentage of 




For 
owners. 


For 
tenants. 


Free InCUm " 
bered. 


For 
owners. 


For 
tenants. 


Free. 


bered. 


For 


For 
tenants. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 




52.99 


47.01 


73.77 


26.23 


69.35 


30.65 


74.27 


25.73 


40.52 


59.48 


73.12 


26.88 








54.66 
43.31 

47.62 


45.34 
56.69 

52.38 






69.20 
70.93 

78.25 


30.80 

29.07 

21.75 


75.56 
61,04 

66.96 


24.44 
38.96 

33.04 


42.12 
33.77 

37.80 


57.88 
66.23 

62.20 


74.29 
67.00 

65.83 


25.71 




64.50 ; 35.50 
66.28 33.72 


33.00 




34.17 








50.84 
32.92 

51.80 


49.16 
67.08 

48.20 


67.41 ! 32.59 


78.67 
74.10 

65.64 


21.33 
25.90 

34.36 


67.63 
59.79 

92.63 


32.37 
40.21 

7.37 


40.59 

27.21 

34.96 


59.41 
72.79 

65.04 


67.26 
57.73 

87.19 


32.74 




42.27 


South Atlantic division 


90.97 


9.03 


12.81 




52.42 
39.33 

56.64 


47.58 
60.67 

43.36 


91.41 
79.18 

63.79 


8.59 
20.82 

36.21 


65.51 
75.20 

69.64 


34.49 
24.80 

30.36 


92.76 
84.37 

58.87 


7.24 
15.63 

41.13 


35.19 
32.63 

45.29 


64.81 
67.37 

54.71 


S8.ll 
76.95 

70.40 


11.89 
23.05 




29.60 








57.97 
50.92 

54.50 


42. 93 
49.08 

45.50 


64.19 
61.84 

95.71 


35.81 
38.16 

4.29 


69.64 
69.63 

63.71 


30.36 


59.36 


40.64 
43.93 

4.10 


46.81 
40.00 

37.57 


53.19 
60.00 

62.43 


71.06 
67.69 

95.10 


28.94 




30.37 


56.07 


32.31 




36.29 


95.90 


4.90 














44.80 
58.32 


95.76 
94.43 

78.87 


4.24 
5.57 

21.13 


63.65 
66.46 

80.18 


36.35 
33.54 

19.82 


95.92 4.08 


38.18 
32.47 

44.69 


61.82 
67.53 

55.31 


95.22 
\ 93.84 

81.29 


4.78 




41.68 


95.19 
75.87 


4.81 
24.13 


6.16 
18.71 










57.26 
49.14 


42.74 
50.86 


78.74 
79.52 


21.26 
20.48 


80.15 


19.85 
19.65 


75.46 
78.36 


24.54 
21.64 


46.02 
39.84 


53.98 
60.16 


81.55 
80.21 


18.45 




19.79 











Table 35.— PERCENTAGE OF NATIVE WHITE PERSONS OWNING AND HIRING THEIR HOMES, BY NATIVITY OF 
PARENTS: TOTALS FOR THE 58 CITIES OF 50,000 POPULATION AND OVER, FOR THE 11 CITIES OF 250,000 
POPULATION AND OVER, AND FOR THE 47 CITIES OF 50,000 TO 250,000 POPULATION: 1890. 



GROUPS OF CITIES AND NATIVITY OF 


PERCENTAGE OF 

OWNERS AND 

TENANTS. 


PERCENTAGE OF 
OWNERS. 




For 
owners. 


For 
tenants 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 




23.41 


76.59 


61.86 


38.14 




24.56 
21.25 

20.05 


75.44 
78.75 

79.95 


62.66 
60.12 

62.20 


37.34 
39.88 

37.80 






21.51 
17.71 

27.26 


78.49 
82.29 

72.74 


63.06 
60.52 

61.58 


36.94 
39.48 

38.42 








27.65 


72.35 
73.63 


62.34 
59.73 


37.66 
40.27 









40 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES-OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 36.— PERCENTAGE OF MALES AND FEMALES OWNING AND HIRING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES, BY AGE 

PERIODS AND BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS : 1890. 

FOR FARMS AND HOMES COMBINED-FOR BOTH SEXES. 





PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION OF EACH SPECIFIED AGE 


PERIOD. 


PERCENTAGE OF OWN- 
ERS AND TENANTS. 


PERCENTAGE OF 
OWNERS. 


GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND AGE 
PERIODS. 


For ag- 
gregate of 
owners 

and 
tenants. 


For owners. 


For 
tenants. 


For re- 
mainder 
of popula- 
tion under 
consid- 
eration. 


For 
owners. 


For 
tenants. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 




Total. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 




20.26 


9.69 


6.98 


2.71 


10.57 


79.74 


47.80 


52.20 


72.03 


27.97 






5 fi 


1.80 
27.33 
38.51 
45.09 
47.90 
51.56 
53.39 
56.02 
51.89 

21.33 


0.36 
7.52 
14.16 
19.13 
23.31 
27.14 
30.34 
35.17 
35.64 

8.76 


0.27 
5.05 
9.26 
12.81 
15.87 
18.90 
21.84 
25.99 
29.05 

5.64 


0.09 
2.47 
4.90 
6.29 
7.44 
8.24 
8.50 
9.18 
6.59 

3.12 


1.44 
19.81 
24.35 
25.96 
24.59 
24.42 
23.05 
20.85 
16.25 

12.57 


98.20 
72.67 
61.49 
54.91 
52.10 
48.44 
46.61 
43.98 
48.11 

78.67 


20.08 
27.50 
36.77 
42.42 
48.65 
52.64 
56.82 
62.79 
68.69 

41.08 


79.92 

72.50 
63.23 
57.58 
51.35 
47.36 
43.18 
37.21 
31.31 

58.92 


75.13 
67.16 
65.38 
67.11 
68.09 
69.64 
72.00 
73.90 
81.50 

64.40 


24.87 




32.84 




34.62 




32,89 


40 t U vein 


31,91 




30,36 




28.00 




26.10 




18.50 




35.60 






TT d 25 


1.50 
23.38 
34.01 
41.42 
45.04 
50.15 
50.82 
52.98 
51.10 

19.05 


0.21 
4.12 
8.50 
13.19 
17.11 
21.93 
24.87 
29.52 
33.55 

7.50 


0.12 
2.00 
4.05 
7.10 
9.75 
13.50 
16.15 
19.99 
25.94 

6.81 


0.09 
2.12 
4.45 
6.09 
7.36 
8.43 
8.72 
9.53 
7.61 

0.69 


1.29 
19.26 
25.54 
28.23 
27.93 
28.22 
25.95 
23.46 
17.55 

11.55 


98.50 
76.62 
65.96 
58.58 
54.96 
49.85 
49.18 
47.02 
48.90 

80.93 


13.91 
17.61 
24.95 
31.84 
37,99 
43.73 
48.93 
55.71 
65.65 

39.37 


86.09 
82.39 
75.05 
68.16 
62.01 
56.27 
51.07 
44.29 
34.35 

60.63 


55.59 

48.49 
47.65 
53.83 
56.96 
61.57 
64.95 
67.72 
77.32 

90.82 


44.41 




51.51 




52.35 




46.17 




43.04 




38.43 




35.05 




32.28 




22.68 




9.18 








2.23 
31.87 
41.38 
47.37 
49.41 
51.16 
54.17 
55.54 
53.09 

20.56 


0.36 
7.68 
13.42 
17.12 
20.65 
22.58 
25.08 
28.81 
29.97 

11.93 


0.33 
6.92 
12.00 
15.35 
18.58 
20.24 
22.70 
26.26 
27.98 

7.53 


0.03 
0.76 
1.42 
1.77 
2.07 
2.34 
2.38 
2.55 
1.99 

4.40 


1.87 
24.19 
27.96 
30.25 
28.76 
28.58 
29.09 
26.73. 
23.12 

8.63 


97.77 
68.13 
58.62 
52.63 
50.59 
48.84 
45.83 
44.46 
46.91 

79.44 


16.18 
24.09 
32.41 
36.15 
41.79 
44.14 
46.30 
51.88 
56.46 

58.03 


83.82 
75.91 
67.56 
63.85 
58.21 
55.86 
53.70 
48.12 
43.54 

41.97 


92.38 

90,06 
89.44 
89.66- 
89.96 
89.63 
90.53 
91.14 
93.36 

63.11 


7.62 




9.94 




10.56 




10.34 




10.04 




10.37 


50 to ^4 v<-ar- 


9.47 




8.86 




6.64 




36.89 






TT d 2" irs 


1.47 
27.34 
40.29 
46.53 
49.63 
52.24 
54.82 
58.16 
51.56 

18.87 


0.39 
9.47 
18.20 
24.41 
29.61 
33.97 
37.88 
43.13 
40.83 

7.95 


0.23 
5.18 
9.86 
13.61 
17.19 
20.53 
24.20 
29.10 
31.56 

7.58 


0.16 
4.29 
8.34 
10.80 
12.42 
13.44 
13.68 
14.03 
9.27 

0.37 


1.08 
17.87 
22.09 
22.12 
20.02 
18.27 
16.94 
15.03 
10.73 

10.92 


98.53 
72.66 
59.71 
53.47 
50.37 
47.76 
45.18 
41.84 
48.44 

81.13 


26.36 
34.64 
45.16 
52.46 
59.65 
65.03 
69.09 
74.16 
79.18 

42.11 


73,64 
65.36 
54.84 
47.54 
40.35 
34.97 
30.91 
25.84 
20.82 

57.89 


60.29 
54.74 
54.20 
55.77 
58.04 
60.44 
63.90 
67.48 
77.29 

95.32 


39,71 




45.26 




45.80 




44.23 




41.96 




39.56 




36.10 




32.52 




22.71 




4.68 






Under 25 


2.42 
33.86 
43 15 
48.95 
50.14 
54.51 
55.68 
58.23 
53.57 

20.49 


0.44 
8.96 
15.84 
19.95 
23.49 
25.59 
28.14 
31.87 
32.08 

11.10 


0.42 

8.47 
14.98 
18.90 
22.29 
24.30 
26.83 
30.49 
31.11 

8.87 


0.02 
0.49 
0.86 
1.05 
1.20 
1.29 
1.31 
1.38 
0.97 

2.23 


1.98 
24.90 
27.31 
29.00 
26.65 
28.92 
27.54 
26.36 
21.49 

9.39 


97.58 
66.14 
56.85 
51.05 
49.86 
45.49 
44.32 
41.77 
46.43 

79.51 


18.33 

26.47 
36.70 
40.76 
46.85 
46.95 
50.55 
54.73 
59.89 

54.17 


81.67 
73.53 
63.30 
59.24 
53.15 
53.05 
49.45 
45.27 
40.11 

45.83 


95.48 
94.49 
94.60 
94.72 
94.88 
94.94 
95.33 
95.67 
96.99 

79.89 


4.52 




5.51 




5.40 




5.28 




5.12 


.- , .g ;... ars 


5.06 




4.67 




4.33 




3.01 




20.11 








1.93 
22.00 
33.04 
39.92 
43.76 
47.76 
51.33 
55.45 
52.64 


0.67 
8.79 
15.11 
20.14 
23.87 
27.76 
31.98 
37.44 
37.41 


0.58 
7.21 
11.91 
15.74 
18.61 
21.60 
25.31 
29.96 
31.22 


0.09 
1.58 
3.20 
4.40 
5.26 
6.16 
6.67 
7.48 
6.19 


1.26 
13.21 
17.93 
19.78 
19.89 
20.00 
19.35 
18.01 
15.23 


98.07 
78.00 
66.96 
60.08 
56.24 
52.24 
48.67 
41.55 
47.36 


34.70 
39.98 
45.74 
50.46 
54.56 
58.12 
62.30 
67.53 
71.06 


65.30 
60.02 
54.26 
49.51 
45.44 
41.88 
37.70 
32.47 
28.94 


86.05 
82.03 
78.82 
78.15 
77.94 
77.83 
79.13 
80.02 
83.44 


13.95 




17.97 




21.85 



























SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



41 



Table 36.— PERCENTAGE OF MALES AND FEMALES OWNING AND HIEING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES, BY AGE 
PERIODS AND BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS : 1890— Continued. 

FOR FARMS AND HOMES COMBINED— FOR MALES. 



The United States . 



Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over.. 



North Atlantic di' 



Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over . 



South Atlantic div 



Under 25 years . 
25 to 29 years ... 
30 to 34 years .... 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and ove 



North Central di' 



Under 25 years 
25 to 29 years.. 
30 to 34 years.. 
35 to 39 years ... 
40 to 44 years.. 
45 to 49 years.. 
50 to 54 years.. 
55 to 59 years.. 
60 years and o' 



South Central di 



Under 25 years . 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years .... 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years .... 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and ov< 



Western division.. 



Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

6b years and over.. 



PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION OF : 



sri:i'!FlKi> A(,i: rir.ioi). 



For ag- 
gregate of 
owners 

and 
tenants. 



67.18 
76.31 
79.62 
S3. 30 
82.95 
85.12 
76.01 



35.54 



2.77 
44.24 
61.54 
72.37 
76.15 
82.13 
80.13 
81.64 
74.86 



32.07 

3.91 
59.34 
74.48 
82.05 
84.82 
86.23 
86.61 
86.44 
81.00 



2.67 
49.21 
70.27 
78.73 
82.57 
84.56 
81.96 
88.66 
74.64 



32.05 



4.34 
61.67 
75.84 
83.38 
85.60 
88.14 
87.53 
88.11 
81.07 



0.60 
13.10 
24.06 
31.81 
38.27 
43.37 
46.80 
53.36 
52.43 



13.66 



0.32 
7.12 
14.20 
21.76 
27.64 
34.81 
38.59 
45.36 
49.93 



12.21 



0.59 
13.93 
23.81 
29.49 
35.51 
37.65 
39.05 
43.62 
44.78 



19.48 



0.64 
16.42 
30.92 
40.49 
48.45 
54.39 
58.29 
65.74 
59.25 



13.29 



0.78 
16.31 
27.93 
34.33 
40.78 
41.38 
43.80 
47.34 



0.45 
8.75 
15.61 
21.18 
25.75 
29.76 



0.17 
3.39 
6.59 
11.61 
15.56 
21.29 
24.74 
30.17 
38.04 



11.04 



0.54 
12.52 
21.28 
26.40 
31.86 
33.59 
35.11 
39.47 
41.56 



0.38 
8.86 
16.49 
22.12 
27.41 
31.85 
36.00 
42.88 
44.46 



12.63 



Incum- 
bered. 



0.15 
4.35 
8.45 
10.63 
12.52 
13.61 
13.74 
14.74 
10.40 



5. ('7 



0.15 
3.73 
7.61 
10.15 
12.08 
13.52 
13.85 
15.19 
11.89 



2.64 
36.28 
43.12 
44.50 
41 .35 
39.93 
36.15 
31.76 
23.58 



21.88 



For re- 
mainder 
of popula- 
tion under 
consid- 
eration. 



0.05 
1.41 
2.53 
3.09 
3.65 
4.06 
3.94 
4.15 
3.22 



7.60 



0.74 
15.40 
26.40 
32.47 
38.62 
39.17 
41.58 
45.11 
40.42 



3.24 


1.09 


0.95 


31.76 


12.50 


10.33 


46.54 


20.96 


16.59 


55.19 


27.55 


21.60 


59.17 


31.96 


24.84 


64.78 


37.37 


29.05 


67.76 


42.19 


33.24 


71.70 


48.60 


38.72 


68.12 


48.82 


40.40 



0.26 
7.56 
14.43 
18.37 
21.01 
22.54 
22.29 
22.86 
14.79 



2.45 
37.12 
47.34 
50.61 
48.51 
47.32 
41.54 
36.28 
24.93 



19.86 



3.32 
45.41 
50.67 
52.56 
49.31 
48.58 
47.56 
42.82 
36.22 



96.76 
50.62 
32.82 
23.69 
20.38 
16.70 
17.05 
14.88 
23.99 



64.46 



97.23 
55.76 
38.46 
27.63 
23.85 
17.87 
19.87 
18.36 
25.14 



18.54 
26.53 
35.81 
41.69 
48.07 
52.07 
56.42 
62.68 



38.44 



40.66 
25.52 
17.95 
15.18 
13.77 
13.39 
13.56 
19.00 



65.36 



11.71 
16.09 
23.07 
30.07 
36.29 
42.38 
48.16 
55.56 
66.70 



15.04 
23.48 
31.97 
35.94 
41.86 
43.66 
45.09 
50.46 
55.28 



56.23 



0.04 
0.91 
1.53 
1.86 
2.16 
2.21 
2.22 
2.23 
1.61 



0.14 
2.17 
4.37 
5.95 



32.79 
39.35 
38.24 
34.12 
30.17 
26.67 
22.92 
15.39 



18.76 



3.56 
45.36 
47.91 
49.05 
44.82 
46.76 
43.73 
40.77 
33.04 



2.15 
19.26 
25.58 
27.64 
27.21 
27.41 
25.57 
23.10 
19.30 



97.33 
50.79 
29.73 
21.27 
17.43 
15.44 
15.04 
11.34 
25.36 



67.95 



95.06 
38.33 
24.16 
16.62 
14.40 
11.86 
12.47 
11.89 
18.93 



69.31 



23.93 
33.36 
44.00 
51.43 
58.68 
64.32 
68.60 
74.15 
79.38 



41.47 



81.46 
73.47 
64.19 
58.31 
51.93 
47.93 
43.58 
37.32 
31.02 



61.56 



88.29 
83.91 
76.93 
69.93 
63.71 
57.62 
51.84 
44.44 



76.52 
68.03 
64.06 
58.14 
56.34 
54.91 
49.54 
44.72 



96.76 
68.24 
53.46 
44.81 
40.83 
35.22 
32.24 
28.30 
31.88 



17.89 
26.45 
36.83 
41.18 
47.64 
46.94 
50.04 
53.73 
59.24 



76.07 
66.64 
56.00 
48.57 
41.32 
35.68 
31.40 
25.85 
20.62 



39.37 
45.04 
49.92 
54.01 
57.69 
62.26 
67.78 
71.67 



82.11 
73.55 
63.17 
58.82 
52.36 
53.06 
49.96 
46.27 
40.76 



46.53 



66.37 
60.63 
54.96 
50.08 
45.99 
42.31 
37.74 
32.22 
28.33 



74.92 
66.82 
64.90 
66.59 
67.29 
68.62 
70.64 
72.38 
80.15 



62.87 



53.74 
47.67 
46.44 
53.36 
56.28 
61.17 
64.11 
66.51 
76.20 



89.90 
90.48 
92.81 



58.98 
53.97 
53.32 
54.64 
56.58 
58.56 
61.77 
65.22 
75.03 



94.93 
95.29 
96.65 



87.26 
82.65 
79.16 
78.39 



78.78 
79.67 
82.75 



42 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 36.— PERCENTAGE OF MALES AND FEMALES OWNING AND HIRING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES, BY AGE 
PERIODS AND BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS: 1890— Continued. 



FOR FARMS AND HOMES COMBINED— FOR FEMALES. 





PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION OP 


EACH SPECIFIED AGE 




PERCENTAGE OF OWN- 
ERS AND TENANTS. 


PERCENTAGE OF 
OWNERS. 


GEOGRAPHICAL. DIVISIONS AND AGE 
PERIODS. 


For ag- 
gregate of 
owners 

and 
tenants. 


For owners. 


For 
tenants. 


For re- 
mainder 
of popula- 
tion under 
consid- 
eration. 


For 
owners. 


For 
tenants. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 




Total. 


Free. 


bered. 




6.00 


3.43 


2.68 


0.75 


2.57 


94.00 


57.11 


42.89 


78.21 


21.79 








0.34 
3.80 
6.20 
9.81 
13.62 
17.29 
21.40 
24.34 
26.36 

7.20 


0.12 
1.55 
3.01 
4.80 
7.13 
9.61 
12.52 
15.38 
17.87 

3.89 


0.09 
1.09 
2.10 
3.41 
5.18 
7.17 
9.70 
12.25 
15.31 

2.71 


0.03 

0.46 

0.91 

1.39 

1.95 

2.44 

2.82 

3.13 i 

2.56 

1.18 


0.22 
2.25 
3.19 

5.01 
6.49 

7.68 
8.88 
8.96 
8.49 

3.31 


99.66 

96.20 
93.80 
90.19 
86.38 
82.71 
78.60 
75.66 
73.64 

92.80 


35.03 

40.85 
48.51 
48.89 
52.35 
55.59 
58.49 
63.19 
67.79 

54.06 


64.97 
59.15 
51.49 
51.11 
47.65 
44.41 
41.51 
36.81 
32.21 

45.94 


76.19 
70.25 
69.67 
70.97 
72.70 
74.61 
77.50 
79.66 
85.69 

69.73 


23.81 




29.75 




30.33 




29.03 




27.30 
25.39 








20.34 




14.31 


North Atlantic division 


30.27 




0.24 
2.74 
5.37 
9.22 
13.48 
17.90 
22.37 
25.64 
28.94 

6.10 


0.09 
1.15 
2.55 
4.27 
6.44 
8.94 
11.55 
14.40 
18.26 

2.81 


0.06 
0.62 
1.39 
2.41 
3.86 
5.65 
7.82 
10.27 
14.65 

2.60 


0.03 
0.53 
1.16 
1.86 
2.58 
3.29 
3.73 
4.13 
3.61 

0.21 


0.15 
1.59 
2.82 
4.95 
7.04 
8.96 
10.82 
11.24 
10.68 

3.29 


99.76 

97.26 
94.63 
90.78 
86.52 
82.10 
77.63 
74.36 
71.06 

93.90 


39.09 
42.00 
47.48 
46.31 
47.74 
49.96 
51.62 
56.18 
63.11 

46.13 


60.91 

58.00 
52.52 
53.69 
52.26 
50.04 
48.38 
43.82 
36.89 

53.87 


61.92 
53.50 
54.68 
56.36 
59.92 
63.16 
67.68 
71.33 
80.20 

92.64 


38.08 




46.50 




45.32 




43.64 




40.08 




36.84 


i) t° ^4 vpflr 


32.32 




28.67 


fin v its and iver 


19.80 




7.36 








0.54 
6.20 
8.53 
12.13 
15.65 
18.50 
22.09 
24.24 
25.05 

5.41 


0.13 
1.84 
3.11 
4.56 
6.48 
8.54 
11.26 
13.82 
15.10 

3.81 


0.12 
1.68 
2.80 
4.13 
5.91 
7.80 
10.44 
12.89 
14.35 

2.85 


0.01 
0.16 
0.31 
0.43 
0.57 
0.74 
0.82 
0.93 
0.75 

0.96 


0.41 
4.36 
5.42 

7.57 
9.17 
9.96 
10.83 
10.42 
9.95 

1.60 


99.46 
93.80 
91.47 
87.87 
84.35 
81.50 
77.91 
75.76 
74.95 

94.59 


24.54 
29.64 
36.51 
37.58 
41.42 
46.19 
50.98 
57.02 
60.28 

70.42 


75.46 
70.36 
63.49 
62.42 
58.58 
53.81 
49.02 
42.98 
39.72 

29.58 


92.40 
91.14 
90.09 
90.53 
91.22 
91.25 
92.67 
93.26 
95.00 

74.76 


7.60 




8.86 




9.91 




9.47 




8.78 




8.75 




7.33 




6.74 




5.00 




25.24 


r2 5vears 


0.24 
8.11 

5.41 
8.72 
12.37 
15.96 
20.04 
23.21 
25.12 

5.17 


0.13 
1.78 
3.40 
5.53 
8.28 
11.05 
14.33 
17.22 
19.72 

2.30 


0.09 
1.11 
2.16 
3.62 
5.61 
7.83 
10.59 
13.32 
16.78 

2.32 


0.04 
0.67 
1.24 
1.91 
2.67 
3.22 
3.74 
3.90 
2.94 

0.07 


0.11 

1.33 
2.01 
3.19 
4.09 
4.91 
5.71 
5.99 
5.40 

2.78 


99.76 
96.89 
94.59 
91.28 
87.63 
84.04 
79.96 
76.79 
74.88 

94.83 


53.69 
57.13 
62.77 
63.44 
66.97 
69.26 
71.49 
74.21 
78.50 

46.23 


46.31 
42.87 
37.23 
36.56 
33.03 
30.74 
28.51 
25.79 
21.50 

53.77 


66.82 
62.60 
63.44 
65.47 
67.75 
70.80 
73.89 
77.36 
85.07 

96.88 


33.18 




37.40 




36.56 




34.53 




32.25 




29.20 




26.11 




22.64 




14.93 




3.12 








0.46 
5.33 
7.48 
11.07 
14.54 
17.71 
21.50 
23.95 
23.72 

5.89 


0.10 
1.42 
2.64 
4.13 
6.13 
8.32 
11.34 
14.12 
14.77 

3.50 


0.10 
1.35 
2.53 
3.96 
5.89 
8.03 
11.00 
13.71 
14.50 

2.81 




0.36 
3.91 
4.84 
6.94 
8.41 
9.39 
10.16 
9.83 
8.95 

2.39 


99.54 

94.67 
92.52 
88.93 
85.46 
82.29 
78.50 
76.05 
76.28 

94.11 


22.56 
26.73 
35.29 
37.30 
42.18 
46.98 
52.73 
58.94 
62.28 

59.41 


77.44 
73.27 
64.71 
62.70 
57.82 
53.02 
47.27 
41.06 
37.72 

40.59 


96.54 
95.08 
95.73 
95.98 
96.02 
96.47 
96.98 
97.14 
98.19 

80.36 


3.46 


''""tn^f v ^ars 


0.07 
0.11 
0.17 
0.24 
0.29 
0.34 
0.41 
0.27 

0.69 


4.92 




4.27 




4.02 




3.98 




3.53 




3.02 




2.86 




1.81 




19.64 








0.48 
4.67 
7.48 
10.83 
14.96 
18.23 
22.01 
24.72 
24.61 


0.21 
2.21 
4.04 
6.02 
8.77 
11.08 
13.76 
16.35 
16.74 


0.16 
1.68 
3.05 
4.59 
6.96 
8.68 
11.15 
13.40 
14.58 


0.05 
0.53 
0.99 
1.44 
1.81 
2.40 
2.61 
2.95 
2.16 


0.27 
2.46 
3.44 
4.80 
6.19 
7.15 
8.25 
8.37 
7.87 


99.52 
95.33 
92.52 
89.17 
85.04 
81.77 
77.99 
75.28 
75.39 


42.80 
47.36 
54.00 
55.64 
58.63 
60.77 
62.53 
66.16 
68.04 


57.20 
52.64 
46.00 
44.36 
41.37 
39.23 
37.47 
33.84 
31.96 


78.86 
75.85 
75.55 
76.06 
79.33 
78.37 
81.05 
81.95 
87.08 


21.14 




24.15 




24.45 




23.94 




20.67 




21.63 




18.95 


-- V) ' irt% 


18.05 




12.92 







SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



43 



Table 37.— PERCENTAGE OF MALES AND FEMALES OWNING AND HIRING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES. BY AGE 

PERIODS AND BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS: 1890. 

FOR FARMS AND HOMES SEPARATELY— FOR BOTH SEXES. 



GEOGRAPHY 



The United States.. 



Under 25 years . 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and ovt 



North Atlantic di' 

Under 25 vears 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 51 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over 



FOR FARMS. 



32.55 
43.38 
54.95 
60.53 
67.88 
70.26 
74.64 
79.65 
83.42 



67.15 
74.35 
74.68 
84.65 



67.45 
56.62 
45.05 
39.47 
32.12 
29.74 
25.36 
20.35 
16.58 



21.45 

55.44 
51 .96 
36.80 
32.85 
25.65 
25.32 
15.35 
11.89 



78.08 
69.77 
67.00 
68.16 
68.22 
69.13 
70.48 
71.78 
79.90 



65.78 

57.60 
51.08 
44.38 
55,50 
58.46 
64.31 
64.86 
66.15 
76.59 



Incum- 
bered. 



21.92 
30.23 
33.00 
31.84 
31,78 
30.87 
29.52 
28.22 
20.10 



42.40 
48.92 
55.62 
44.50 
41.54 
35,69 
35,14 
33.85 
23,41 



FOR HOMES. 



Percentage of owners 
and tenants. 



For 
owners. 



13.48 
19.48 
27,32 
32.33 
37.56 
41.60 
45.12 
50.20 
57.93 



20.75 
26.11 
31.18 
36,08 
40,10 
45.67 
55.64 



86.52 
80.52 
72.68 
67,67 
62.44 
58.40 



85.87 
79.25 
73.89 
68.82 
63.92 
59.90 
54.33 
44,36 



66.01 
67.95 
70.17 
73.65 
76.42 
83,19 



48.75 
53.14 
56,29 
60.17 
65.00 
68.66 
77.79 



28.65 
35.76 
36.32 
33.99 
32.05 
29.83 
26.35 
23,58 
16.81 



36.31 

45.31 

52.52 
51.25 
46.86 
43,71 
39.83 
35.00 
31.34 
22.21 



South Atlantic di' 



Under 25 years.. 
25 to 29 years — 
30 to 34 years .... 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years — 
50 to 54 years — 
55 to 59 years ... 
60 years and ovt 



45,84 

71.67 

62.66 
53,50 
49.92 
43.28 
41.20 
40.48 
34.64 
30.40 



92.57 

93.62 
92.33 
92.14 
91.94 
92.00 
91,55 
92.14 
92.55 
94.17 



6.38 
7.67 
7.86 
8.06 
8.00 
8.45 
7.86 
7.45 



26.89 

9,35 
15,13 
21,30 
24.45 
28,51 
31.43 
34.06 
38.21 
42.60 



73.11 

90.65 
84.87 
78.70 
75.55 
71.49 
68.57 
65.94 
61.79 
57.40 



86.35 
86.51 
87.92 



9.73 
13.74 
15.24 
14.26 
13.65 
13.49 
12.08 



North Central di 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over 



73.51 

38.52 
48.77 
60.46 
68.66 
75.63 
80.34 
83.32 
86.84 
90,14 



26.49 

61.48 
51.23 
39.54 
31 .34 
24.37 
19.66 
16,68 
13.16 



57.48 

59.32 
51.99 
49.46 
50.10 
51,71 
53.69 
57.26 
61.34 
71.38 



42,52 

40.68 
48.01 
50.54 
49.90 
48.29 
46.31 
42.74 
38.66 
28.62 



46.34 

18.98 
25,79 
35,19 
41.61 
47.98 
52,99 
56.56 
61.17 



53.66 

81.02 
74.21 
64,81 
58,39 
52,02 
47.01 
43.44 
38.83 
30.70 



69.85 

61.48 
57.99 
59.49 
62,04 
65.33 
68.49 
72.50 
76.42 
84.22 



38.52 
42.01 
40.51 
37,96 
34.67 
31,51 
27.50 
23.58 
15.78 



South Central divi 



Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years.... 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years — 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and ovt 



74.08 
64.99 
53.84 
-.49.89 
43.23 
44.37 
40.37 
36.19 
30.49 



95.41 

95,65 
94.73 
94.93 
94.95 
94.99 
95.00 
95.24 



5.05 
5.01 
5.00 



29.22 

10,13 

16.46 
24.33 
28.18 
33.37 
34.44 
37.68 
40.88 
45.34 



70.78 

89,87 
83.54 
75.67 
71.82 
66.63 
65.56 
62.32 
59.12 
54,66 



95.00 
93.89 
93.78 
94.18 
94.65 
94.82 
95.54 
95.71 
97.20 



5.00 
6.11 
6.22 
5.82 
5.35 
5.18 
4.46 
4.29 
2.80 



Western divi 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over.. 



81.09 

65.28 
69.82 
74.55 
78.61 
81.51 
84.07 
85.67 
87.98 
89.40 



34,72 
30.18 
25.45 
21 .39 
18.49 
15.93 
14.33 
12.02 
10.60 



85.07 
82.19 
78.05 
75.68 
74.30 
73.99 
75.51 
75.28 
78.87 



14.93 
17.81 
21.95 
24.32 
25.70 
26.01 
24.49 
24.72 
21.13 



44.05 

26.61 
31.17 
36.66 
41.20 
45.04 
47.96 
51.86 
56.65 
61.40 



68.83 
63.34 
58.80 
54.96 
52.04 
48.14 
43,35 
38.60 



80.46 
81.80 
83.93 
86.95 



13.31 

18.07 
20.68 
20.30 



44 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 37.— PERCENTAGE OF MALES AND FEMALES OWNING AND HIRING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES, BY AGE 
PERIODS AND BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS: 1890— Continued. 

FOE FAEMS AND HOMES SEPAEATELY— FOE MALES. 





FOR FARMS. 


FOR HOMES. 


GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND AGE PERIODS. 


Percentage of owners 
and tenants. 


Percentage of 
owners. 


Percentage of owners 
and tenants. 


Percentage of 
owners. 




For 
owners. 


For 
tenants. 


Free. 


bered. 


For 
owners. 


For 
tenants. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 




64.37 


35.63 


71.04 


28.96 


33.89 


66.11 


70.35 


29.65 








30.67 
42.34 
54.00 
59.63 
66.99 
69.14 
73.42 
78.53 
82.38 

76.75 


69.33 
57.66 
46.00 
40.37 
33.01 
30.86 
26.58 
21.47 
17.62 

23.25 


77.87 
69.48 
66.64 
67.76 
67.68 
68.40 
69.45 
70.74 
79.26 

65.58 


22.13 
30.52 
33.36 
32.24 
32.32 
31.60 
30.55 
29.26 
20.74 

34.42 


11.52 
18.07 
25.74 
30.79 
35.88 
39.81 
43.24 
48.14 
55.96 

29.16 


88.48 
81.93 
74.26 
69.21 
64.12 
60.19 
56.76 
51.86 
44.04 

70.84 


70.37 

63.48 
62.88 
65.22 
66.84 
68.88 
72.21 
74.85 
81.44 

61.15 


29.63 




36.52 




37.12 


O- , ng Vear g 


34.78 




33.16 




31.12 




27.79 


V t r q 


25.15 




18.56 




38.85 






U d 25 


41.27 
46.24 
61.13 
65.35 
72.50 
72.76 
83.19 
86.96 
91.13 

51.65 


58.73 
53.76 
38.87 
34.65 
27.50 
27.24 
16.81 
13.04 
8.87 

18.35 


56.39 
50.60 
43.11 
55.33 
58.51 
64.73 
64.83 
65.86 
76.65 

92.32 


43.61 
49.40 
56.89 
44.67 
41.49 
35.27 
35.17 
34.14 
23.35 

7.68 


8.49 
12.54 
18.79 
23.96 
28.83 
33.72 
37.83 
43.37 
53.74 

24.78 


91.51 
87.46 
81.21 
76.04 
71.17 
66.28 
62.17 
56.63 
46.26 

75.22 


52.33 
46.40 
47.66 
52.43 
55.12 
58.98 
63.64 
67.02 
75.79 

86.46 


47.67 




53.60 




52.34 




47.57 




44.88 




41.02 




36.36 


e- , eg years 


32.98 




24.21 




13.54 






_. . „ 


25.84 

35.67 
44.99 
48.49 
55.12 
56.61 
56.57 
62.64 
67.12 

72.04 


74.16 
64.33 
55.01 
51.51 
44.88 
43.39 
43.43 
37.36 
32.88 

27.96 


93.51 

92.26 
92.07 
91.92 
91.87 
91.21 
91.68 
92.06 
93.83 

56.50 


6.49 
7.74 
7.93 
8.08 
8.13 
8.79 
8.32 
7.94 
6.17 

43.50 


8.14 
14.27 
20.47 
23.91 
27.99 
30.44 
32.42 
35.70 
38.95 

42.86 


91.86 
85.73 
79.53 
76.09 
72.01 
69.56 
67.58 
64.30 
61.05 

57.14 


90.07 
85.45 
84.06 
84.89 
85.28 
85.46 
86.48 
87.12 
90.38 

67.38 


9.93 




14.55 


10 to 34 vears 


15.94 




15.11 




14.72 




14.54 




13.52 




12.88 




9.62 




32.62 






IT 


36.20 
47.63 
59.45 
67.62 
74.55 
79.32 
82.37 
86.08 
89.49 

50.47 


63.80 
52.37 
40.55 
32.38 
25.45 
20.68 
17.63 
13.92 
10.51 

49.53 


58.60 
51.59 
49.06 
49.61 
51.03 
52.73 
56.21 
60.30 
70.48 

95.19 


41.40 

48.41 
50.94 
50.39 
48.97 
47.27 
43.79 
39.70 
29.52 

4.81 


15.95 
23.96 
33.34 
39.68 
45.81 
50.88 
54.31 
59.07 
67.44 

27.43 


84.05 
76.04 
66.66 
60.32 
54.19 
49.12 
45.69 
40.93 
32.56 

72.57 


59.56 
57.09 
58.57 
60.87 
63.91 
66.71 
70.52 
74.28 
82.16 

94.62 


40.44 


"" ■"> V 11' ' 


42.91 




41.43 




39.13 




36.09 




33.29 




29.48 




25.72 




17.84 




5.38 








24.94 
34.51 

45.79 
49.87 
56.68 
54.86 
58.19 
61.95 
67.72 

80.38 


75.06 
65.49 
54.21 
50.13 
43.32 
45.14 
41.81 
38.05 
32.28 

19.62 


95.53 
94.66 
94.87 
94.83 
94.85 
94.77 
94.86 
95.31 
96.66 

76.94 


4.47 
5.34 
5.13 
5.17 
S.15 
5.23 
5.14 
4.69 
3.34 

23.06 


9.12 
15.84 
23.76 
27.84 
33.26 
33.49 
36.21 
38.43 
42.32 

42.32 


90.88 
84.16 
76.24 
72.16 
66.74 
66.51 
63.79 
61.57 
57.68 

57.68 


94.66 
93.80 
93.49 
93.89 
94.34 
94.36 
95.13 
95.23 
96.61 

82.10 


5.34 




6.20 




6.51 


o- , -, r , ™ara 


6.11 




5.66 


15 to 1Q v-pftr« 


5.64 




4.87 




4.77 




3.39 
17.90 






Under 25 years 


64.00 
69.22 
73.97 
77.98 
80.80 
83.48 
85.13 
87.46 
89.02 


36.00 
30.78 
26.03 
22.02 
19.20 
16.52 
14.87 
12.54 
10.98 


85.79 
82.39 
78.22 
75.86 
74.29 
74.04 
75.42 
75.15 
78.51 


14.21 
17.61 
21.78 
24.14 
25.71 
25.96 
24.58 
24.85 
21.49 


24.73 
29.92 
35.27 
39.95 
43.57 
46.43 
50.63 
55.71 
60.84 


75.27 
70.08 
64.73 
60.05 
56.43 
53.57 
49.37 
44.29 
39.16 


88.38 
82.83 
79.82 
80.14 
80.23 
80.64 
81.65 
81.03 
86.63 


11.62 




17.17 




20.18 




19.86 




19.77 




19.36 




18.35 




15.97 




13.37 







SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



45 



Table 37. 



-PERCENTAGE OF MALES AND FEMALES OWNING AND HIRING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES, BY AGE 
PERIODS AND BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS : 1890— Continued. 



FOR FARMS AND HOMES SEPARATELY— FOR FEMALES. 



OAL DIVISIONS AND AGE PERIODS. 



The United States. . 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 3-1 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over 

North Atlantic division 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over 

South Atlantic division 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over 

North Central division. 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over 

South Central division.. 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over 

Western d 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over 

98—12 



77.21 
77.54 
79.02 
77.13 
78.88 
81.56 
81.57 
88.35 
91.10 



For 

tenants. 



92.89 
95.22 
96.81 
96.41 



78.89 



78.60 
76.52 
76.00 
73.36 
72.92 
75.59 
78.83 
82.16 
85.35 



91.54 
93.42 
93.38 
92.51 



92.16 
93.52 
95.07 



55.47 
51.82 
55.20 
54.15 
57.79 
62.73 
69.55 
76.37 
81.64 



93.46 

93.16 
92.24 
94.12 
91.30 
93.98 
91.89 
92.16 
91.43 
94.32 



22.79 
22.46 
20.98 
22,87 
21.12 
18.44 
15.43 
11.65 
8.90 



3.59 
3.51 
3.31 
3.33 
2.75 



21.40 
23.48 
24.00 
26.64 
27.08 
24.41 
21.17 
17.84 
14.65 



33.41 



44.53 

48.18 
44.80 
45.85 
42.21 
37.27 
30.45 
23.63 
18.36 



74.88 
73.33 
73.80 
73.97 
75.39 
77.71 
79.06 
84.19 



67.43 



Incum- 
bered. 



65.50 
57.12 
57.42 
57.31 
58.02 
60.70 
65.04 
68.20 
76.16 



19.94 
25.12 
26.67 
26.2(1 
26.03 
24.61 



FOB HOMES. 



For 
tenants. 



50.86 
55.51 
61.78 



49.62 



34.96 
31.80 
23.84 



5.69 
6.93 
7.14 



34.64 
38.35 
43.51 
42.29 
43.37 
45.39 
46.85 
51.30 
59.01 



34.44 



72.38 
65.53 
57.78 
57.37 
54.33 
51.52 
49.14 
44.49 
38.22 



50.38 



94.31 
94.78 
95.88 



65.91 
60.08 
57.82 
58.27 
60.02 
63.07 
66.04 
69.70 
77.75 



34.09 
39.92 
42.18 
41.73 



76.54 

74.29 
76.53 
73.56 
71.95 
74.48 
73.36 
76.51 
76.75 
83.20 



3.35 
3.63 
3.21 
2.59 
2.43 
1.74 



23.46 

25.71 

23.47 
26.44 
28.05 
25.52 
26.64 
23.49 
23.25 
16.80 



15.63 
20.43 
26.11 
26.90 
30.28 
34.41 
38.44 
'44.37 



65.36 
61.65 
56.49 
57.71 
56.63 
54.61 
53.15 
48.70 
40.99 



68.44 
68.26 
69.84 
72.15 
74.25 
77.40 
79.95 
86.26 



70.20 



61.13 

52.88 
54.19 
56.18 
60.30 
63.67 
68.25 
72.04 
81.00 



44.63 
49.29 
55.63 
56.37 
59.68 
61.76 
63.94 
66.79 
73.15 



15.40 
20.43 
27.85 
29.76 
33.75 
37.50 
41.64 
46.97 
51.23 



54.49 

38.52 
43.61 
50.08 
51.19 
53.92 
55.62 
57.18 



84.37 
79.57 
73.89 
73.10 
69.72 
65.59 
61.56 
55.63 
50.31 



89.29 
91.15 
91.84 
94.36 



55.37 
50.71 
44.37 
43.63 
40.32 
38.24 
36.06 
33.21 
26.85 



58.36 
53.03 

48.77 



45.51 

61.48 
56.39 
49.92 
48.81 
46.08 
44.38 
42.82 
39.49 
36.58 



67.26 
63.63 
65.64 



74.61 
78.02 
81.48 
88.14 



96.03 
94.35 
95.31 
95.44 
95.70 
96.15 
96.51 
96.67 
98.13 



81.30 

79.80 
75.73 
75.92 
76.93 
80.45 
79.73 
82 37 
83.57 
88.09 



25.71 
31.56 
31.74 
30.16 



22.60 
20.05 
13.74 



38.87 
47.12 
45.81 



36.33 
31.75 
27.96 
19.00 



10.29 
12.04 
10.83 
10.29 
10.71 
8.85 
8.16 
5.64 



21.99 



32.74 
36.37 
34.36 
31.66 
28.76 
25.39 
21.98 



4.56 
4.30 
3.85 
3.49 



18.70 

20.20 
24.27 
24.08 
23.07 
19.55 
20.27 
17.63 
16.43 
11.91 



46 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 38.— PERCENTAGE OF MALES AND FEMALES OWNING AND HIRING THEIR HOMES, BY AGE PERIODS : TOTALS 
FOR THE 58 CITIES OF 50,000 POPULATION AND OVER, FOR THE 11 CITIES OF 250,000 POPULATION AND OVER, 
AND FOR THE 47 CITIES OF 50,000 TO 250,000 POPULATION: 1890. 

FOR BOTH SEXES. 



GROUPS OF CITIES AND AGE PERIODS. 



The 58 cities 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 vears 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over 

The 11 cities 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over 

The 47 cities 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years I 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over 



PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION OF EACH SPECIFIED AGE PERIOD. 



For 
aggregate 



1.57 


0.12 


22.61 


2.41 


34.93 


5.76 


41.46 


8.44 


45.87 


11.23 


50.45 


14.09 


52.37 


15.99 


53.82 


18.55 


48.81 


19.75 



1.52 
22.45 
34.61 
40.93 
45.44 
50.00 
52.12 
53.37 



1.64 
22.83 
35.40 
42.24 
46.52 
51.11 
52.72 
54.47 
48.98 



0.09 
1.87 
4.60 
6.83 
9.30 
11.89 
13.59 
15.99 
17.44 



0.15 
3.21 
7.48 
10.79 
14.12 
17.32 
19.54 
22.30 
23.08 



0.05 
1.33 
3.07 
4.06 
4.81 
5.38 
5.37 



0.05 
0.83 
2.14 
3.55 
5.31 
7.32 
9.03 
11.13 
13.34 



0.04 
1.04 
2.46 
3.28 
3.99 
4.57 
4.56 



For 
remainder 
of popu- 
lation un- 
der con- 
sideration. 



I'KK< KNTAGE OF 



1.45 

20.20 
29.17 
33.02 
34.64 
36.36 
36.38 
35.27 
29.06 



98.43 
77.39 
65.07 
58.54 
54.13 
49.55 
47.63 



0.08 
1.45 
3.50 
5.58 
S.09 
10.76 
12.97 
15.69 
17.80 



20.58 
30.01 
34.10 
36.14 
38.11 
38.53 
37.38 
31.24 



98.48 
77.55 
65.39 
59.07 
54.56 
50.00 
47.88 
46.63 
51.32 



7.26 
10.66 
16.48 
20.35 
24.48 
27.93 
30.53 
34.47 
40.47 



5.64 
8.34 
13.29 
16.69 
20.47 
23.78 
26.07 
29.96 
35.82 



92.74 
89.34 
83.52 
79.65 
75.52 
72.07 
69.47 
65.53 
59.53 



46.72 
51.88 
57.19 
61.82 
66.40 
70.00 
76.81 



94.36 
91.66 
86.71 
83.31 
79.53 
76.22 
73.93 
70.04 
64.18 



0.07 
1.76 
3.98 
5.21 
6.03 
6.56 
6.57 
6.61 
5.28 



1.49 
19.62 
27.92 
31.45 
32.40 
33.79 
33.18 
32.17 
25.90 



77.17 
64.60 
57.76 
53.48 
48.89 
47.28 



14.06 
21.13 

25.55 



90.64 
85.94 
78.87 
74.45 
69.65 
66.12 
62.94 
59.07 
52.87 



54.61 
44.33 
46.60 
52.04 
57.11 
61.53 
66.42 
69.64 
76.51 



54.96 
45.22 
46.83 
51.72 
57.26 
62.12 
66.39 
70.37 
77.13 



FOR MALES. 



The 58 cities.. 



Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over.. 



The 11 cities.. 



Under 25 years.. 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 vears 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and ov< 



The 47 cities.. 



Under 25 year 
25 to 29 years.. 
30 to 34 years.. 
35 to 39 years.. 
40 to 44 years . 
45 to 49 vears. . 
50 to 54 vears.. 
55 to 59 years.. 
60 years and o 



69.61 
74.38 
78.27 



2.80 
41.83 
60.48 
63.90 
73.69 
77.65 
78.79 



2.90 
41.18 
61.25 
70.66 
75.43 
79.18 
79.14 
80.28 
71.12 






17 


4.07 


9 


■1* 


13 


fil 


17 




21 


62 



24.05 
27.62 
29.22 



0.12 
3.20 
7.59 
10.99 
14.68 
18.30 
20.67 
24.15 
26.03 



26.53 
29.03 
32.64 
33.82 



0.06 
1.38 
3.48 
5.63 
8.26 
11.13 
13.60 
16.73 
19.87 



0.12 
2.34 
5.63 

8.87 
12.58 
16.29 
19.01 
22.74 
25.78 



0.08 
2.31 
5.14 



8.41 
8.26 
8.43 
6.93 



2.67 
37.49 
51.30 
56.00 
56.66 
56.65 
54.88 
52.06 
41.88 



0.06 
1.82 
4.11 
5.36 
6.42 
7.17 
7.07 
7.42 
6.16 



10.24 
10.02 
9.90 
8.04 



52.89 
57.91 
59.01 
59.35 
58.12 
55.12 
45.06 



2.67 
35.82 
48.93 
53.17 
53.08 
52.65 
50.11 
47.64 
37.30 



97.16 
58.44 
39.22 
30.39 
25.62 
21.73 
21.07 
20.32 
28.90 



97.20 
58.17 
39.52 
31.10 
26.31 
22.35 
21.21 
20.73 
28.91 



97.10 
58. S2 
38.75 
29.34 
24.57 
20.82 



5.91 
9.80 
15.60 
19.55 
23.82 
27.63 
30.47 
34.66 
41.10 



4.51 
7.65 
12.55 
15.95 
19.92 
23.56 
26.24 
30.46 
36.61 



7.81 
13.00 
20.12 
24.75 
29.63 
33.50 



94.09 
90.20 
84.40 
80.45 
76.18 
72.37 



95.49 
92.35 
87.45 
81.05 



92.19 
87.00 
79.88 
75.25 
70.37 
66.50 
63.32 
59.34 
52.45 



51.88 
43.36 
45.74 
50.95 
56.26 
61.11 
65.65 
69.47 
76.29 



51.69 
43.09 
45.83 
51.21 
56.25 
60.82 
65.81 
69.29 
76.35 



52.03 
43.59 
45.66 
50.71 
56.28 
61.40 
65.49 
69.67 
76.23 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



47 



Table 38.— PERCENTAGE OF MALES AND FEMALES OWNING AND HIRING THEIR HOMES, BY AGE PERIODS: TOTALS 
FOR THE 58 CITIES OF 50,000 POPULATION AND OVER, FOR THE 11 CITIES OF 250,000 POPULATION AND OVER, 
AND FOR THE 47 CITIES OF 50,000 TO 250,000 POPULATION: 1890— Continued. 



FOR FEMALES. 



GROUPS OF CITIES 



AGE PERIODS. 



PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION OF EACH SPECIFIED 



The 58 cities.. 



Under 25 years.. 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years.. .. 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and ov< 



The 11 cities.. 



Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over . 



The 47 cities.. 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years . 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over .. 



For 
aggregate 



0.35 


0.06 


3.34 


0.72 


6.05 


1.60 


10.58 


2.76 


15.34 


4.28 


20.54 


6.00 


25.45 


7.82 


28.98 


9.85 


29.67 


11.62 



0.29 
2.95 
5.53 
10.05 
14.85 
20.11 
25.23 
28.68 
29.53 



0.43 
3.94 
6.81 
11.35 
16.07 
21.15 
25.78 
29.43 
29.87 



0.05 
0.54 
1.24 
2.24 
3.48 
4.97 
6.45 
8.21 
10.10 



0.08 
1.00 
2.12 
3.51 
5.46 
7.49 
9.86 
12.26 
13.82 



0.04 
0.38 
0.85 
1.57 
2.62 
3.87 
5.37 



0.28 
0.64 
1.27 
2.13 



0.05 
0.54 
1.15 
2.01 
3.36 
4.86 
6.81 
8.85 
10.92 



0.02 
0.34 
0.75 
1.19 



0.02 
0.26 
0.60 
0.97 
1.35 
1.77 
2.04 
2.41 
2.33 



0.03 
0.46 
0.97 
1.50 



0.29 
2.62 
4.45 
7.82 
11.06 
14.54 
17.63 
19.13 
18.05 



7.81 
11.37 
15.14 
18.78 
20.47 
19.43 



7.84 
10.61 
13.66 
15.92 
17.17 
16.05 



For 
ider 
ofpopu- ji 
lation un- 
der con- 
sideration 



99.65 
96.66 
93.95 
89.42 
84.66 
79.46 
74.55 
71.02 
70.33 



99.71 
97.05 
94.47 
89.95 
85.15 
79.89 
74.77 
71.32 
70.47 



99.57 
96.06 
93.19 
88.65 
83.93 
78.85 
74.22 
70.57 
70.13 



17.84 
21.58 
26.36 
26.08 
27.88 
29.19 
30.71 



16.22 
18.15 
22.37 
22.29 
23.45 
24.70 
25.54 
28.63 
34.20 



19.37 
25.42 
31.16 
30.97 
33.95 
35.41 
38.25 
41.66 
46.27 



For 
tenants. 



82.16 
78.42 
73.64 
73.92 
72.12 
70.81 
69.29 
66.02 
60.84 



83.78 
81.85 
77.63 
77.71 
76.55 
75.30 
74.46 
71.37 
65.80 



74.58 
68.84 
69.03 
66.05 
64.59 
61.75 
58.34 
53.73 



62.45 
53.12 
53.23 
56.90 
61.29 
64.59 
68.73 
71.40 
77.93 



62.18 
51.77 
51.92 
56.59 
61.07 
64.35 
68.38 
70.63 



62,65 
54.20 
54.36 
57.19 
61.49 
64.82 
69.07 
72.17 
79.04 



37.55 
46.88 
46.77 
43.10 
38.71 
35.41 
31.27 
28.60 
22.07 



35.65 
31.62 
29.37 
23.11 



37.35 
45.80 
45.64 
42.81 
38.51 
35.18 



48 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 39.— PERCENTAGE OF PEESONS OWNING AND HIRING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES, BY SEX AND BY 

GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS: 1890. 





FOR FARMS AND HOMES COMBINED. 


FOR FARMS. 


FOR HOMES. 


GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS 
AND SEX. 


Percentage of owners 
and tenants. 


Percentage of 
owners. 


Percentage of owners 
and tenants. 


Percentage of 
owners. 


Percentage of owners 
and tenants. 


Percentage of 
owners. 




For 
owners. 


For 

tenants. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 


For 
owners. 


For 
tenants. 


Free. 


bered. 


For 


For 
tenants. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 


The United States 


47.80 


52.20 


72.03 


27.97 


65.92 


34.08 


71.78 


28.22 


36.90 


63.10 


72.30 


27.70 




46.23 

57.11 

41.08 


53.77 
42.89 

58.92 


70.74 
78.21 

64.40 


29.26 
21.79 

35.60 


64.37 
84.35 

78.55 


35.63 
15.65 

21.45 


71.04 
78.50 

65.78 


28.96 
21.50 

34.22 


33.89 
50.21 

32.98 


66.11 

49.79 

67.02 


70.35 
78.09 

63.69 


29.65 




21.91 


North Atlantic division 


36.31 


Male 


38.44 
54.06 

39.37 


61.56 
45.94 

60.63 


62.87 
69.73 

90.82 


37.13 
30.27 

9.18 


76.75 
96.84 

54.16 


23.25 
3.16 

45.84 


65.58 
67.43 

92.57 


34.42 
32.57 

7.43 


29.16 
49.62 

26.89 


70.84 
50.38 

73.11 


61.15 
70.20 

87.83 


38.85 




29.80 


South Atlantic division 


12.17 


Male 


38.08 
46.13 

58.03 


61.92 
53.87 

41.97 


90.39 
92.64 

63.11 


9.61 
7.36 

36.89 


51.65 
78.89 

73.51 


48.35 
21.11 

26.49 


92.32 
94-20 

57.48 


7.68 
5.80 

42.52 


24.78 
34.44 

46.34 


75.22 
65.56 

53.66 


86.46 
91.36 

69.85 


13.54 




8.64 


North Central division 


30.15 


Male 


56.23 
70.42 

42.11 


43.77 
29.58 

57.89 


60.99 

74.76 

95.32 


39 01 
25.24 

4.68 


72.04 
93.24 

51.73 


27.96 

6.76 

48.27 


56.50 
67.63 

95.41 


43.50 
32.37 

4.59 


42.86 
63.35 

29.22 


57.14 
36.65 

70.78 


67.38 
78.01 

95.11 


32.62 




21.99 


South Central division 


4.89 




41.47 
46.23 

54.17 


58.53 
53.77 

45.83 


95.05 

96.88 

79.89 


4.95 
3.12 

20.11 


50.47 
66.56 

81.09 


49 53 
33.44 

18.91 


95.19 
97.28 

76.91 


4.81 
2.72 

23.09 


27.43 
36.00 

44 05 


72.57 
64.00 

55.95 


94.62 

96.52 

81.96 


5.38 




3.48 




18.04 






Male 


53.47 
59.41 


46.53 
40.59 


79.82 
80.36 


20.18 
19.64 


80.38 
93.46 


19.62 
6.54 


76.94 
76.54 


23.06 
23.46 


42.32 
54.49 


57.68 
45.51 


82.10 
81.30 


17.90 




18.70 







Table 40.— PERCENTAGE OF PERSONS OWNING AND HIRING THEIR HOMES, BY SEX : TOTALS FOR THE 58 CITIES OF 
50,000 POPULATION AND OVER, FOR THE 11 CITIES OF 250,000 POPULATION AND OVER, AND FOR THE 47 CITIES 
OF 50,000 TO 250,000 POPULATION: 1890. 



GROUPS OF CITIES AND SEX. 


PERCENTAGE OF 

OWNERS 

AND TENANTS. 


PERCENTAGE OF 


For 
owners. 


For 
tenants. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 




24.02 


75.98 


61.95 


38.05 




22.59 
30.93 

20 32 


77.41 
69.07 


60.28 
67.84 

62.14 


39.72 
32.16 

37.86 








19.08 
26.53 

29.34 


80.92 

73.47 

70.66 


60.66 
67.45 

61.76 


39.34 
32.55 

38.24 








27.71 
36.91 


72.29 
63.09 


59.90 
68.22 


40.10 
31.78 







SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



45 



Table 37.— PERCENTAGE OF MALES AND FEMALES OWNING AND HIRING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES, BY AGE 
PERIODS AND BY GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS: 18M0— Continued. 

FOE FARMS AND HOMES SEPARATELY— FOR FEMALES. 



GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS AND AGE PERIODS. 



FOR FARMS. 



Percentage of owners 
and tenants. 



Incum- 
bered. 



FOR HOMES. 



For 

tenants. 



The United States. 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 51 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over 

North Atlantic divisio 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 year9 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over 

South At! 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over 

North Central divisi 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over 

South Central divisi 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over 

Western d 

Under 25 years . 
25 to 29 years .... 
30 to 31 years .... 
35 to 39 years .... 
40 to 44 years — 
45 to 49 years — 
50 to 54 years.... 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and ovt 



77.21 
77.54 
79.02 
77.13 
78.88 
81.56 
81.57 
88.35 
91.10 



96.41 
96.49 
96.69 
96.67 
97.25 
97.22 



78.89 



78.60 
76.52 
76.00 
73.36 
72.92 
75.59 
78.83 
82.16 
85.35 



91.54 
93.42 
93.38 
92.51 
91.79 
91.96 
92.16 
93.52 
95.07 



55.47 
51.82 
55.20 
54.15 
57.79 
62.73 
69.55 
76.37 
81.64 



94.12 
91.30 
93.98 
91.89 
92.16 
94.43 
94.32 



22.79 
22.46 
20.98 
22. S7 
21.12 
18,44 
15.43 
11.65 
8.90 



80.06 
74.88 
73.33 
73.80 
73.97 
75.39 
77.71 



67.43 



19.94 
25.12 
26.67 
26.20 
26.03 
24.61 
22.29 
20.94 
15.81 



32.57 



27.62 
34.47 
42.22 
42.63 
45.67 
48.48 
50.86 
55.51 
61.78 



49.62 



3.19 
3.59 
3.51 
3.31 
3.33 
2.75 
2.78 



21.40 
23.48 
21.00 
26.64 
27.08 
24.41 
21.17 
17.84 
14.65 



65.50 
57.12 
57.42 
57.31 
58.02 
60.70 
65.04 
68.20 
76.16 



34.50 
42.88 
42.58 
42.69 
41.98 
39.30 
34.96 
31.80 
23.84 



34.64 
38.35 
43.51 
42.29 
43.37 
45.39 
46.85 
51.30 
59.01 



7.49 
8.21 
8.01 
7.84 



92.86 
92.20 
92.98 
93.48 
94.31 
91.78 
95.88 



6.93 
7.14 

7.80 
7.02 



44.80 
45.85 
42.21 
37.27 
30.45 
23.63 
18.36 



6.84 
7.76 
5.88 
5.70 
6.02 
8.11 
7.84 
5.57 



65.91 
60.08 
57.82 
58.27 
60.02 
63.07 
66.04 
69.70 
77.75 



97.18 
96.24 
96.30 
96.65 
96.37 
96.79 
97.41 
97.57 
98.26 



76.54 

74.29 
76.53 
73.56 
71.95 
74.48 
73.36 
76.51 
76.75 
83.20 



34.09 
39.92 
42.18 
41.73 



15.63 
20.43 
26.11 
26.90 
30.28 
34.41 
38.44 
44.37 
49.69 



63.35 



44.63 
49.29 
55.63 
56.37 
59.68 
61.76 
63.94 
66.79 
73.15 



36.00 



3.21 
2.59 
2.43 



23.46 

25.71 

23.47 
26.44 
28.05 
25.52 
26.64 
23.49 
23.25 
16.80 



15.40 
20.43 
27.85 
29.76 
33.75 
37.50 
41.64 
46.97 
51.23 



54.49 

38.52 
43.61 
50.08 
51.19 
53.92 
55.62 
57.18 
60.51 
63.42 



72.38 
65.53 
57.78 
57.37 
54.33 
51.52 
49.14 
41.49 
38.22 



50.33 



65.36 
61.65 
56.49 
57.71 
56.63 
54.61 
53.15 
48.70 
40.99 



74.29 
68.44 
68.26 
69.. '•i 
72.15 
74.25 
77.40 
79.95 



84.37 
79.57 
73. S9 
73.10 
69.72 
65.59 
61.56 
55.63 
50.31 



3t;.i;5 



55.37 
50.71 
44.37 
43.63 
40.32 
38.24 
36.06 
33.21 
26.85 



64.00 



61.13 
52.88 
54.19 
56.18 
60.30 
63.67 
68.25 
72.04 
81.00 



81.60 
79.57 
72.15 
70.24 
66.25 
62.50 
58.36 
53.03 
48.77 



45.51 

61.48 
56.39 
49.92 
48.81 
46.08 
44.38 
42.82 
39.49 
36.58 



67.26 
63.63 
65.64 
68.34 



96.52 



96.03 
94.35 
95.31 
95.44 
95.70 
96.15 
96,51 
96.67 
98.13 



79.73 
82.37 
83.57 



46 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 38.— PERCENTAGE OF MALES AND FEMALES OWNING AND HIRING THEIR HOMES, BY AGE PERIODS : TOTALS 
FOR THE 58 CITIES OF 50,000 POPULATION AND OVER, FOR THE 11 CITIES OF 250,000 POPULATION AND OVER, 
AND FOR THE 47 CITIES OF 50,000 TO 250,000 POPULATION: 1890. 

FOR BOTH SEXES. 



GROUPS OF CITIES AND AGE 



The 58 cities 

Under 2-3 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 31 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 vears 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over. 

The II cities 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 vears 

45 to 49 vears 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over.. 

The 47 cities 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 vears 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 41 yeai's 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over 



PERCENTAGE i 



rorri.vnoN of each specified age fekioo. 



For 
aggregate 
of own- 
ers and 
tenants. 



1.57 
22.61 
34.93 
41.46 
45.87 
50.45 
52.37 
53.82 
•48.81 



1.52 
22.45 
34.61 
40.93 
45.44 
50.00 
52.12 
53.37 



1.64 

22.83 
35.40 
42.24 
46.52 
51.11 
52.72 
54.47 



0.12 
2.41 
5.76 
8.44 
11.23 
14.09 
15.99 
18.55 
19.75 



0.09 
1.87 
4.60 



11.89 
13.59 
15.99 
17.44 



10.79 
14.12 

17.32 
19.54 
22.30 

23. m 



6.42 
8.71 
10.62 



0.05 
0.83 
2.U 
3.55 
5.31 
7.32 
9.03 
11.13 
13.34 



10.76 
12.97 
15.69 
17.80 



5.37 
5.57 
4.58 



0.04 
1.04 
2.46 



1.45 

20.20 
29.17 
33.02 
34.64 
36.36 
36.38 
35.27 
29.06 



For 
remainder 
of popu- 
lation un- 
der con- 
sideration. 



98.43 
77.39 
65.07 
58.51 
54.13 
49.55 
47.63 



1.43 

20.58 
30.01 
34.10 
36.14 
38.11 
38.53 
37.38 
31.24 



0.07 
1.76 
3.98 
5.21 
6.03 
6.56 
6.57 
6.61 
5.28 



1.49 
19.62 
27.92 
31.45 
32.40 
33.79 
33.18 
32.17 
25.90 



77.55 
65.39 
59.07 
54.56 
50.00 
47.88 
46.63 
51.32 



77.17 
64.60 
57.76 
53.48 
48.89 
47.28 
45.53 
51.02 



7.26 
10.66 
16.48 
20.35 
24.48 
27.93 
30.53 
34.47 
40.47 



5.64 
8.34 
13.29 
16.69 
20.47 
23.78 
26.07 
29.96 
35.82 



14.06 
21.13 
25.55 



37.06 
40.93 
47.13 



92.74 
89.34 
83.52 
79.65 
75.52 
72.07 
69.47 
65.53 
59.53 



91.66 
86.71 
83.31 
79.53 
76.22 
73.93 
70.04 
64.18 



54.81 
44.81 
46.72 
51.88 
57.19 
61.82 
66.40 
70.00 
76.81 



90.64 
85.94 
78.87 
74.45 
69.65 
66.12 
62.94 
59.07 
52.87 



54.61 
41.33 
46.60 
52.04 
57.11 
61.53 
66.42 
69.64 
76.51 



51. PC. 
45.22 
46.83 
51.72 
57.26 
62.12 



FOR MALES. 



The 58 cities.. 



Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 vears 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over. 



The 11 cities.. 



Under 25 years.. 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 31 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 51 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and ov< 



-The 47 cities.. 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and over. . 



2.84 
41.56 
60.78 
69.61 
74.38 
78.27 
78.93 
79.68 
71.10 



2.80 
41.83 
60.48 
68.90 
73.69 
77.65 
78.79 
79.27 
71.09 



2.90 
41.18 
61.25 
70.66 
75.13 
79.18 
79.14 
S0.28 
71.12 



0.17 
4.07 
9.48 
13.61 
17.72 
21.62 
24.05 
27.62 
29.22 



0.12 
3.20 
7.59 
10.99 
14.68 
18.30 
20.67 
24.15 
26.03 



0.23 
5.36 
12.32 
17.49 
22.35 
26.53 
29.03 
32.64 



6.93 
9.97 
13.21 
15.79 
19.19 
22.29 



8.26 
11.13 
13.60 
16.73 
19.87 



5.63 
8.87 
12.58 
16.29 
19.01 
22.74 
25.78 



0.08 
2.31 
5.14 
6.68 
7.75 
8.41 
8.26 
8.43 
6.93 



7.17 
7.07 
7.42 
6.16 



0.11 
3.02 
6.69 
8.62 
9.77 
10.24 
10.02 
9.90 
8.04 



2.67 
37.19 
51.30 
56.00 
56.66 
56.65 
54.88 
52.06 
41.88 



97.16 
58.44 
39.22 
30.39 
25.62 
21.73 
21.07 
20.32 



2.68 
38.63 
52.89 
57.91 
59.01 
59.35 
58.12 
55.12 
45.06 



2.67 
35.82 
48.93 
53.17 
53.08 
52.65 
50.11 
47.64 
37.30 



97.20 
58.17 
39.52 
31.10 
26.31 
22.35 
21.21 
20.73 
28.91 



97.10 
58.82 
38.75 
29.34 
24.57 
20.82 
20.86 
19.72 



27.63 
30.47 
34.66 
41.10 



4.51 
7.65 
12.55 
15.95 
19.92 
23.56 
26.24 
30.46 
36.61 



7.81 
13.00 
20.12 
21.75 
29.63 
33.50 



94.09 
90.20 
84.40 
80.45 
76.18 
72.37 
69.53 
65.34 
58.90 



95.49 
92.35 
87.45 
84.05 



92.19 
87.00 
79.88 
75.25 
70.37 
66.50 
63.32 
59.34 
52.45 



51.88 
43.36 
45.74 
50.95 
56.26 
61.11 
65.65 
69.47 



51.69 
43.09 
45.83 
51.21 
56.25 
60.82 
65.81 
69.29 
76.35 



52.03 
43.59 
45.66 
50.71 
56.28 
61.40 
65.49 
69.67 
76.23 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES. 



47 



Table 38.— PERCENTAGE OF MALES AND FEMALES OWNING AND HIRING THEIR HOMES, BY AGE PERIODS: TOTALS 
FOR THE 58 CITIES OF 50,000 POPULATION AND OVER, FOR THE 11 CITIES OF 250,000 POPULATION AND OVER, 
AND FOR THE 47 CITIES OF 50,000 TO 250,000 POPULATION : 1890— Continued. 

FOR FEMALES. 



GROUPS OF CITIES AND AGE PERIODS. 



PERCENTAGE OF POI'II.A TloN OF EACH SPECIFIED 



For 
aggregate 
of owners 

and 
tenants. 



For owners. 



For 
der 
of popu- 
lation un- 
der con- 
sideration. 



The 58 cities.. 



Under 25 years.. 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 vears 

35 to 39 years.. .. 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 years and ov< 



The 11 cities . 



Under 25 years 
25 to 29 years... 
30 to 34 years... 
35 to 39 years... 
40 to 44 years... 
45 to 49 years... 
50 to 54 years... 
55 to 59 years... 
60 years and o\ 



The 47 cities.. 

Under 25 years 

25 to 29 years 

30 to 34 years 

35 to 39 years 

40 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to59years 

60 years and over .. 



0.35 

3.34 

6.05 
10.58 
15.34 
20.54 
25.45 
28.98 I 
29.67 



0.29 
2.95 
5.53 
10.05 
14.85 
20.11 
25.23 
28.68 
29.53 



6.81 
11.35 
16.07 
21.15 



0.06 
0.72 
1.60 



0.05 
0.54 
1.24 
2.24 
3.48 
4.97 
6.45 
8.21 
10.10 



0.08 
1.00 
2.12 
3.51 
5.46 
7.49 
9.86 
12.26 
13.82 



0.04 
0.38 
0.85 
1.57 
2.62 
3.87 
5.37 



0.03 
0.28 
0.64 
1.27 
2.13 
3.20 
4.41 
5.80 



0.05 
0.54 
1.15 
2.01 
3.36 
4.86 
6.81 
8.85 
10.92 



1.19 
1.66 
2.13 
2.45 
2.82 
2.56 



0.02 
0.26 
0.60 
0.97 
1.35 
1.77 
2.04 
2.41 



0.03 
0.46 
0.97 
1.50 



3.05 
3.41 
2.90 



0.29 
2.62 
4.45 
7.82 
11.06 
14.54 
17.63 
19.13 
18.05 



99.65 
96.66 
93.95 
89.42 
84.66 
79.46 
74.55 
71.02 



17.84 
21.58 
26.36 
26.08 



0.24 
2.41 
4.29 
7.81 
11.37 
15.14 
18.78 
20.47 
19.43 



10.61 
13.66 
15.92 
17.17 
16.05 



99.71 
97.05 
94.47 
89.95 
85.15 
79.89 
74.77 
71.32 
70.47 



99.57 
96.06 
93.19 
88.65 
83.93 
78.85 
74.22 
70.57 
70.13 



82.16 
78.42 
73.64 
73.92 
72.12 
70.81 
69.29 
66.02 
60.84 



16.22 
18.15 
22.37 
22.29 
23.45 
24.70 
25.54 
28.63 
34.20 



19.37 
25.42 
31.16 
30.97 
33.95 
35.41 



83.78 
81.85 
77.63 
77.71 
76.55 
75.30 
74.46 



69.03 
66.05 
64.59 



62.45 
53.12 
53.23 
56.90 
61.29 
64.59 
68.73 
71.40 
77.93 



62.18 
51.77 
51.92 
56.59 
61.07 
64.35 



62.65 
54.20 
54.36 
57.19 
61.49 
64.82 
69.07 
72.17 
79.04 



37.55 
46.88 
46.77 
43.10 
38.71 
35.41 
31.27 
28.60 
22.07 



35.65 
31.62 
29.37 
23.11 



37.35 
45.80 
45.64 
42.81 
38.51 
35.18 
30.93 
27.83 
20.96 



48 



FARMS, HOMES, AND MORTGAGES— OWNERSHIP AND DEBT. 



Table 39.— PERCENTAGE OF PERSONS OWNING AND HIRING THEIR FARMS AND HOMES, BY SEX AND BY 

GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS: 1890. 





FOB FARMS AND HOMES COMBINED. 


FOR FARMS. 


FOR HOMES. 


GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISIONS 
AND SEX. 


Percentage of owners 
and tenants. 


Percentage of 
owners. 


Percentage of owners 
and tenants. 


Percentage of 
owners. 


Percentage of owners 
and tenants. 


Percentage of 
owners. 




For 
owners. 


For 
tenants. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 


For 
owners. 


For 
tenants. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 


For 
owners. 


1 

For; 

tenants. 


^ 


Incum- 
bered. 


The United States 


47.80 


52.20 


72.03 


27.97 


65.92 


34.08 


71.78 


28.22 


36.90 


63.10 


72.30 


27.70 




46.23 
57.11 

41.08 


53.77 
42.89 

58.92 


70.74 
78.21 

64.40 


29.26 
21.79 

35.60 


64.37 

84.35 

78.55 


35.63 
15.65 

21.45 


71.04 
78.50 

65.78 


28.96 
21.50 

34.22 


33.89 
50.21 

32.98 


66.11 
49.79 

67.02 


70.35 
78.09 

63.69 


29.65 




21.91 


North Atlantic division 


36.31 




38.44 
54.06 

39.37 


61.56 
45.94 

60.63 


62.87 
69.73 

90.82 


37.13 
30.27 

9.18 


76.75 
96.84 

54.16 


23.25 
3.16 

45.84 


65.58 
67.43 

92.57 


34.42 
32.57 

7.43 


29.36 
49.62 

26.89 


70.84 
50.38 

73.11 


61.15 
70.20 

87.83 


38.85 
29.80 


South Atlantic division 


12.17 


Male 


38.08 
46.13 

58.03 


61.92 
53.87 

41.97 


90.39 
92.64 

63.11 


9.61 
7.36 

36.89 


51.65 
78.89 

73.51 


48.35 
21.11 

26.49 


92.32 
94 20 

57.48 


7.68 
5.80 

42.52 


24.78 
34.44 

46.34 


75.22 
65.56 

53.66 


86.46 
91.36 

69.85 


13.54 


North Central division 


8.64 
30.15 




56.23 
70.42 

42.11 


43.77 
29.58 

57.89 


60.99 
74.76 

95.32 


39 01 
25.21 

4.68 


72.04 
93.24 

51.73 


27.96 
6.76 

48.27 


56.50 
67.63 

95.11 


43.50 
32.37 

4.59 


42.86 
63.35 

29.22 


57.14 
36.65 

70.78 


67.38 
78.01 

95.11 


32.62 




21.99 




4.89 


Male 


41.47 
46.23 

54.17 


58.53 
53.77 

45.83 


95.05 
96.88 

79.89 


4.95 
3.12 

20.11 


50.47 
66.56 

81.09 


49 53 
33.44 

18.91 


95.19 
97.28 

76.91 


4.81 

2.72 

23.09 


27.43 

36.00 

44 05 


72.57 
64.00 

55.95 


94.62 
96.52 

81.96 


5.38 




3.48 




18 04 








53.47 
59.41 


46.53 
40.59 


79.82 
80.36 


20.18 
19.64 


80.38 
93.46 


19.62 
6.54 


76.94 
76.54 


23.06 
23.46 


42.32 
54.49 


57.68 
45.51 


82-10 
81-.30 


17.90 




18.70 







Table 40.— PERCENTAGE OF PERSONS OWNING AND HIRING THEIR HOMES, BY SEX : TOTALS FOR THE 58 CITIES OF 
50,000 POPULATION AND OVER, FOR THE 11 CITIES OF 250,000 POPULATION AND OVER, AND FOR THE 47 CITIES 
OF 50,000 TO 250,000 POPULATION: 1890. 



GROUPS OF CITIES AND SEX. 


PERCENTAGE OF 
OWNERS 

AND TENANTS. 


PERCENTAGE OF 


For 
owners. 


For 
tenants. 


Free. 


Incum- 
bered. 




24.02 


75.98 


61.95 


38.05 


Male 


60.28 
67.84 

62.14 




22.59 
30.93 

20 32 


77.41 
69.07 

79.68 


39.72 
32.16 

37.86 












19.08 
26.53 

29.34 


80.92 
73.47 

70.66 


60.66 
67.45 

61.76 


39.34 
32.55 

38.21 




The 47 cities 










27.71 
36.91 


72.29 
63.09 


59.90 
68.22 


40.10 
31.78 







«v 



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