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Full text of "Extracts from the Journals Kept by the Rev. Thomas Smith"

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EXTRACTS ' 



FROM THE 



^(DWIBITiia^S 



KBPT BT THE 






LATE PASTOR OF THE 

FIRST CHURCH OF CHRIST 

4 

lY FALMOUTHy 

I2T THE 

COUNTY OF YORK, (NOW CUMBERLAND,) 

FROM THE TEAR 1720, TO THE TEAR 1788, 

WITH AN 

COlTTAIlVIlfe 

A VARIETY OF OTHER MATTERS, 

SEIiECTED 

Bt SAMUEL FREEMAN, Esq. 



PORTL^W : 

PRINTED BY THOMAS TODD k GO. 

1821. 



F 
3^6 



It has long i>een known to a number who were 
cotemporary with the Rev. Thomas Smith, late 
Pastor of the First Church of Christ in Falmouth, 
a part of which is now Portland, in the State of 
Maine, that he was in the practice of keeping an 
Historical Diary. The desire has been expressed 
by them and others that it might be published. 

When the late Governor Sullivan was writing 
his history of Maine, he applied to Mr. Smith for 
the use of this Journal in order to complete his 
account of the Indian Wars, &;c. . but Mr. Smith 
was unwilling to comply with his request, because 
the Journal contained a mixture of private matters 
not proper to be exposed to public view. It having 
come into my possession, I have been induced, with 
th£ consent of his surviving children to make and 
print such extracts' from it as I thought might be 
useful and entertaining to those especially who from 
I local circumstances would be apt to take a peculiar 
I interest in the transaction to which they relate. 
\ The Diary commences with the year 1720, and 

reaches to the year 1788, a greater length of time 
\ probably, than diat during which ajay similar record 
i,. has been kept within the limits of this State. 
g The matters I here present the public are— 1 . No- 

il tices of such Foreign £vents as came to the knowl- 



IV 

edge oOf r. Smith during tbat period.^ — 2. Domestic 
Occurrences ; or such as took place in the town of 
Falmouth, and its vicinity, from the time of his 
coming there in 1725, with marginal notes as to the 
particulars of some of the events which are but 
slightly mentioned. [These wefe taken from 
Holmes' Annals, and chiefly as he quoted them from 
prior writers.] And 3. A view of the life and 
character of the deceased. Also a separate account 
of the Seasons. 

In the selection of these matters I may have been 
either more minute or more deficient than another 
person would have been, but in faithfulness to tbat 
trust which was confided in me when the Journal 
was put into my possession, I could not put it into 
another's hands. [ have noticed some things not so 
much for the things themselves as for other reasons, 
which will probably be apparent to the discerning 
reader ; and as to the state of the seasons and of the 
iveather in the different parts of the year, which 1 
have inserted separately, partly in the words of the 
Journalist and partly (for conciseness) in my own. 
I would observe that they contain but an abridge- 
ment of what is recorded in respect to them. To 
have been more particular would have swelled the 
work too much, to have been less so would have 
rendered this part of it too imperfect, and to have 
left it out entirely might have been regretted by 
those who wish for an opportunity to compare 
former times, in respect thereto, with the present, 



and the state of the atmosphere, with the health ar 
sickness prevailing at the time. 

Upon the whole, whether the Extracts I have 
made will be received with such acceptance as some 
who have encouraged their publication may expect, 
I will not presume to judge. If they should, in the 
perusal of them afford that gratification which has 
been contemplated, I shall not regret the time I have 
taken to prepare them ; if otherwise, I shall only 
regret their publication. 

Upon the few additions to these extracts it is not 
necessary to observe. 

Of the matters which are contained in the Appen- 
dix, some notice will be taken in the Preface to that 
part of the work. S. F. 

July, 1821. 
I* 



• I 



N 

V 



I 



FAMILY RECORD. 



Mr. Smith was the eldest son of Thomas Smith, of 
Boston, Merchant, (who married Mart Curkan, May 9, 
1701.) He was born at Boston, March 10, 1701 — £ ; be had 
three wives. The first was Sarah Ttno, a daughter of Col. 
Ttno, of Dunstable, whom he married September 1£, 1728. 
She died Oct. 1,1742. The second was the Widow Jordait, 
of Saco, whom he mariied March 1, 1743 — 4. She died \ 

January 3, 1763. The other was the Widow Elizabeth 
Wend ALL, whom he married August 10, 1766. She died 
(after the death of Mr. Smith,) March 16, 1799. By his first 
wife^ he had eight children, viz. : 

1. Thomas born September 19, 1729, who died February 
*28, 1729—30. 

2. Peter born June 14, 1731 — now living* 

3. LucT bom February 22, 1733—4, who died in June 
1780. 

4. Thomas bom September 12, 1735, who died February ^ 
10, 1776. 

5* William born December 18, 1736, who died October 
16, 1754. 

6. JoHivborn October 14, 1738, who died December 26, 
1773. 

7. Sarah born November 14, 1740 — ^now living. 

8. A Child born Sept. 6, 1742, which died Sept 14,1742. 
By his two other Wives he had no children. 



\ 



/ •» 



EXTRACTS 

FROM THE 

OF THE LATE 

1719. 

It appears by his Journals of the succeeding years, num- 
bere<l ft, S, 4, &cc. : that Mr. Smith began to keep a journal 
this year, but what became of it, I do not know* That for the 
next year is tbe oldest in my possession. 



1720. 

Mr. Smith entered the College at Cambridge, A. D. 1716» 
and having made the study of Hebrew, a part of his employ- 
ment, he intended probably to qualify himself as a minister of 
the gospel. He took his first degree the present year. He 
went frequently to Boston, and other places, but the incidents 
Ife takes notice of through thie year are unimportant. He 
mentions the names of the following gentlemen as ministers 
of the gospel at this time, viz : Thatcher, Sewall, Checkley, 
Prince, Webb and Chauncy.* 

* la thi« year, commeneed the publication of tbe Bott&n Oaxttu. Tlie seeond 
newsfMiper published in Americn. The first was the BoHcn NewfLetttry (^ 
weekly paper) first pubtishedin 1704. The third was the New-lingland Courimf , 
commenced in 1731. I hare one of these in my possession, i^nted January 15^ 
1726. It was printed by Bci^amin Franklin, chiefly on a pica type, in two 
colomns, and ofl half a sheet, qf the sixe of pot writing pope?. 



10 
1721. 

May IS. — Aboat this time the small-pox Vas brought into 
Boston. 
26. — ^The small- pox began to spread.* 
July IS. — ^Fast, on account of the small-pox. 

Ss mentions the names of several ministers in the Ticinity 
ston, Tiz : Cook, Appleton, Foxcroft, Gee, Fessenden, 
Flint, Waldron, Prentice, Wiggleswortb, Cotton and Ward. 
The pages of this years journal are somewhat fuller than the 
last, but not interesting.] 

■ 

1722. 

Januafy 3. — ^Boston almost clear of the small-pox, and 
wholly of inoculation. 

I^bnitiry 26. — ^Town judged to be quite clear of the small- 
pox. 

July 12. — ^Tbe Indians killed a man and drove the English 
into the garrison, and at night, Capt. Starman and others, 
killed 1 6 or 1 8 of those Indians. 

July 26. — ^War proclaimed with £. Indians. 

Oct, 2. — Hot, more so than ever was known before at this 
'season. 

[In September of this year, Mr. Smith preached at Maiden 
and Sandwich ; and this seems to be the commencement of 
bis frequent performances afterwards.] 

1723. 

January 6. — I preached at Bellingham. 

7. — ^Tbe committee of Bellingham wa« with me to acquaint 
me of their call. 

16.— There has been nothing like winter yet. This month 
has been the hottest that ever was felt in the countf y. 

* It nade great havoc there, and in some of the BeiffUioiiag towM Inocnki- 
tion for that disease was now introdoced into New-England, and a trial of it 
recommended to the physicians, by the Rev, Cotton Mather. AU however 
declined it, but Doct. Zabdiel Boylston, who adventured to begin with his own 
family, and afterwards continoed die practice amidst violent opposition, fifony 
"ploas people were struck with horror, and were of opinion, that if any of his 
patients should die, he ought to be treated as a murderer. The populace was so 
enraged, that his family wa) hardly saft in his house 3 and he was often insulted 
iaCbe streets. 



n 

Februwr^ 4.-^Tlie sharpest weather ever known at this time 
of the year. 

24. — ^The greatest storm and 'highest tide that has been 
known in the eotintr j. 

March 2\. — I gaye Bellingham an answer. 

August ^9.^-Mr. Foxcrofr preached a funeral sermon on 
Dr. Blather, who is this day buried** 

1724. 

Januartf 8.-«-Doct. Cook, sailed for England, as agent for 
this Province. 

11. — ^Visible eclipse of the sun* 

IS. — ^The pirates had their trial and all cleared but four. 

June 2.-^Two pirates were hanged, y\z : Archer and 
White. 

July S3, — ^Mr. Webb's Lecture turned into a Fast, by rea- 
son of the very great drought, every thing being burnt up. 

'Augvtst lO.-^Mr. Sewall was chosen President oi the 
College, 

1726. 

February 26. — Saturday last Capt. Lovell and company, 
who sat out the 20th of last month, fell upon a company of 
ten Indians, and killed them all.f 
March 10. — Dies mea naialis (fficessima tertia.) 
April 29. — ^Mr. Webb's Lecture turned into a Fast, upon 
the account of the war. 

*Tlut was Increase MaUier, who was President of Harvard CoHege, from 1694 
to 1701. He had been a preacher 66 years, and a minuter of the same in Boston 
92 years. Be died in the 85th year of his age. His father, Richard Mather, came 
to New-£ng^and In 1634, having^ been silenced by Dr. Neal, Archbishop of York, 
smdwatthe last minister of Dorchester, a&d died in 1669, aged 73. His son, 
Ckytton Mather, a minister of Boston, died in 1728, at the age of sixty-five } aU 
eminently, pious and learned men. The last was the author of Magiudia Chriati 
JbmrktttUB, The books and tracts which this author published, amounted to 38^ 
Among his manuscripts was a work wliich he prepared for publication, entitled 
SAUm AmBfieanm, er tkt Scriptwrtt itf the Old and New Ttttsemfnt iUiUtrated. 
* The writing of which** says Ills biographer ** is enough constantly to employ 
a man, unless be be a n^iraele of diligence the half of three score years and tea 
allowed us.'* A eatalogue of the S8S books, which he published, is subjoined to 
tats lift. 

tSee a partieular aeeonnt of this in the Appendix. 



12 

Ma/u 15.— We have an account that this day sennight, Capt. 
Jjovelrs coDipanj had a bloody battle with the Indians.* TThe 
Captain, Lieutenant and 15 bthers killed. ' 

ivljfSLX. — The forces here went away for Richmond in 
order to march to Penobscot. 

*ft2 — ^Twenty-one Indians ran mray in the night. 

23. — Fourteen Indians taken again. 

£4. — ^The Commissioners returned to Boston, with two 
Penobscot Indians. 

Augvai 2. — ^The two Penobscot Sagamores in here,in Capt. 
Saunders, bound home. 

9. — Capt. Saunders put a shore the two Sagamores. A 
cessation of arms appointed for forty days between us and the 
Penobscot Indians.^ 

10.— irOrders came for forces here, to prepare for a march. 

Two gentlemen came in here bound to St. Georges, to treat 
with the Indians.^ 

Sepiemhtr 16.->-rNewsintown of the Indians killing 5 men 
at Fort Dummer, and 5 more at the eastward. 

SO.^The forty days out, that were appointed for a cessation 
of arms. 

£1. — I was invited to go up and preach at Norwich. 

October 8. — IVfy father and brother came in from St. Georges 
< without the Indians. The Hostage and another Indian ran 
away. 

28. — General Thanksgiving. 

December 13.— rMr, Whalton brought the contribution for 
last Sabbath, £2 6«. 

[In (he course of this year, Mr. Smith came twice froni 
Boston, preached at Falmouth seventeen Sabbaths, viz : From' 
June 27th, to Sept. 5th, and from Nov. 14rh, tp th^ eqd of the 
year. During which time he visited the people there and at 
Purpooduck ; rode to neighboring places ai)d frequently 
diverted himself by gunning and fishing. In December he 
attended the ordination of Mr. Jejfries, at Wells ; preached 
there and spent about ten days there and in the vicinity.] 

1726. 

January 14. — ^The forces dismissed. 

24. — Yesterday and to day very severe cold. The river 
frose over. 

31. — ^Thus far has been a very smart close winter. 

February 28. — Here (with this month) ends the winter. It 
has been all along a close and hard a winter as has been 

*ibiii. tn^* piiM. 



Id 

K^membered. Theee bas been good sloMing aU wini;«r. ' 
Never one thaw. ^ 

March 10. — Mta ntxtaUs £4 : Destinofo: Deis precaro. 
18. — There bas been the best gaiming here this winter than 
has been for some jears past. 

22. — C apt. Moody brought two Indians ffom Nerth- Yar- 
mouth. 

23. — The Indians killed two cattle upon their retura at 
Winnegance, near Arowsick. 
26. — ^It is observable that though the winter has been so 
.iy severe, there has not been any thing like a storm the 
whole time. ^ 

27. — ^We had news by an express from his Honor theJLieut. 
Governor, that the Penobscot Indians had denied^ several 
articles of the peace. 

29. — ^Tbree persons drowned at 'Winter HaidiMr, in a 
schooner of £lder Say wards. , 

Jipril 5. — ^Three Penobscot Indians came here ^Uis eTeniiig. 
9. — ^Twenty-six vessels now in the harbor. 
18. — ^The General Court met ..and sat 31 days upoa the 
Jesuit's Letter, which he in the name of the Indians, wrole ta 
the governor last month. They resolved to send tfaeni a 
further supply. 

24. — Saunders came in from Boston with a further supply 
for the Indians : for Kiehmond as well as Georges. 

26. — This day the committee acquainted me with the call 
of the people generally planting here. 
29. — Preached over to Purpoodook. 
June 15. — About this time the ratification of the peace was 
proposed to be, but put off further by the Indians. 

26. — Capt. Moody, brought Qie £20, of the town's money. 
Mr.Waltonbroughtme£lO 12#. &£. being what was gathered 
on 27 Sabbaths. This evening sailed for Bostom 

29. — Arrived at Cape Ann, after having put into Piscata- 
qua river. 
Jidy IS.'-^This day returned from Boston. 
15. — The N. Hampshire gentlemen came here in a brig. 
16; — ^The Massachusetts gentlemen came here in the 
evening, and lie below. 

17. {JSundayA — ^Mr. Shurtliff preached here A. M. Mr. 
Fitch, P. M. The gentlemen all at meeting. In the morning 
the gentlemen came on shore and made considerable appear- 
ance with their drums and guns. The governor guarded in 
pomp to meeting. 

22. — ^The gentlemen spent this week.entirely idle, wai^ng 
for the Indians. 

2 



. u 

fd.'-^Tbe Indians came here from Penobscot on a message 
to the government, and were sent away in the afternoon. 

24, (Sunday.) — I preached here A. M. Mr. Tappan P. M. 
Mr. Fitch baptised the ^children, 22 in al), besides an adult 
person. Mr. Whit^reached over to Purpoodock, A. M. 

The Lieut.Gofernor, with the gentlemen, sailed up the bay ; 
I was fishing with Mr. Tyng before the door. While the gen- 
tlemen are gone, we enjoy ourselves. 

29. — This morning the gentlemen returned from Arowsick. 
The Indians to the number of 40, all of the Penobscot tribe, 
came inhere. In the afternoon the Congress opened, 

SI, (Sunday,) — Mr. Teniberton and Mr. Welstead, preach- 
ed here. 

August 1. — There was a public dinner, at which I dined. 

2.^-Several days were spent in private treaties, to pave the 
way for the public ratifications. 

4. — All private conferences were finished this day. 

5. — ^The ratification of the peace was publicly done this 
day in the meeting-house. 

6. — Some affairs relating to the ratification that were left 
unsettled yesterday, were this day finished, and all concluded 
with a public dinner. 

8. — The New-Hampshire gentlemen sailed. 

10. — ^This week spent in interpreting to the Indians, the 
jourpal of all their actions — and in fully settling some other 
matters. 

I2.«r-The governor and other gentlemen sailed this day for 
Boston. Capt. Franklin carried the Indians to St. Georges. 
Mr. Welstead stopped here. 

September 7. — N. N. £. storm brought into the harbor 
about forty large fishing vessels. 

17. — Captain Langdon came in here in a large ship. 

SO. — ^This month we have always great numbers of fisher- 
men in here. 

[Several days of this month Mr. Smith appears to have 
^ent in bodily exertion, both by land and water, visiting, 
dining, &lc. with Mr. Collier, Moody, Jarvis, Uc] 

October 9. — Town meeting to-day. Tluy 4)oted to buHd 
me a house. 

£7. — There is a considerable number of people down here, 
to look out for farms, designing to settle here. 

28. — ^This day we had news that the Indians had broken 
out and taken a family In Kennebunk, viz. eight women and 
two children, one of the women big with child. Their namee 
were Dude and Baster. 



15 

JsTavemher 41. — I^at out this afternoon for Bosto^. 

26. — Arrived hi Boston, having rode in all 1S4 miles. 

December 7. — ^I sat out for Casco. 

22. — ^Lodged at Mr. JejQTries, Wells. 

24. — ^These two days I spent wholly with Mr. Jeffries ie 
bis chamber. 

SI. — After some excursions to York, &c. sat out for Casco. 

[At the end c^f the journal for this year is " some account of 
the settling of tije town of Falmouth, Casco Bay." The diffi- 
culty of reading the writing of Mr. Smith, by reason of the 
very fine letters in which all his journals are written, is on 
this account, rendered much greater, by the leaf in which it i^ 
written, having been wet and torn, and in several places ^e 
writing entirely rubbed out. The following is as mnch as I 
could pick out. It contains the greatest part, and though, 
imperfect, I think proper to insert it in the form it is, rather 
than wholly to omit it.] 

In the year^ '17, a number of men, about 30, petitioned the 
General Court for this tract of land, in order to make a set- 
tlement of ; who granted their petition, excepting the former 
grants. Inhabitants most of the time between their being 
*** the town filled but slowly. 

When I first came down here, which was the 23d of June, 
there were but about &6 families, such as they were, most of 
them very poor, by reason of the Indians that kept the people 
from th«ir farms *** and confined them to garrison^, aa4 
some that were soldiers, that bad found wives on the place, 
and were mean animals ; and I have been credibly informed 
that the^men they engaged to come to them, were as bad as 
themselves, having a design of building up the town with any 
that x»me and ofifered ; but the war coming on, purged the 
place of many of them, and in their room came others, and 
some very good ****^ rphis fall, eame down I. Riggs, with 
his family, and about the same time J. Sawyer, with his ; 
both from Cape- Ana, both very good sort of men, errors ex- 
cepted. When I came down, the meeting-house frame was 
only covered ; but this summer it was handsomely finished 
outside. Governor Wentworth giving the glass. 

1 723."This spring came into town one-Savage, and also one 
Stimson and his family,*** whom the selectmen immediately 
warned out of town, as they did several others, just about the 
making of peace. 

This summer, (peace being concluded) there came frona 
Gape- Ann, one Davis, a pretty troublesome spark, with his- 



Thts year, except the centurial part of U, seems to hare been left a'blftnk. 



16 

funily. Also one of hn Wife's brothers, no better than he — 
and a little after, another, family who was also warned out of 
town. Also one Haskell,a sober sort of a n^an, with his family. 
John Sawyer brought here to live. 

This fall came Isaac Savase and Mr. Pride, with their 
families — also Mr. White's eldest son, who were sober and 
forehanded me n; and many persons desiring to settle, and has 

an unspeakable**** in a new settlement, rfow Mr. B , 

son and his wife of Piscataway, proceeding to great Hog 
Island. *** 

This week we bad a town meeting to consider of the petition 
often several likely men to be admitted inhabitants, and the 
matter was left to the selectmen. 

This month I reckoned up the families in town, and found 
there was 64, such as they were, accounting a man and bis 
wife afamilv There are likewise 13 or 14 young men mar- 
riageable, that have land in the town and are inhabitants ; 
and above 38 fighting men. 

17a7. — Came down here one **** [something like Morres- 
ton] who bought James oir John Ballard's place, which Darling 
was*** who moved away to Black Point Last month Mr.Saw- 
yer and York came here and finished their grist mill, which 
every way answered their expectation. The people, before this, 
sent their corn to B. to be ground. A saw mill was also built 
upon the same stream. Several of the inhabitants began to 
get logs ****»«♦# and that was the old saw mill that was In- 
gersols. 

Eight persons, several of them having families, came here 
and purchased a tract of land near Pond Cove, of Samuel 
Jordan **** with an obligation ** of it ** to stand by one 
another in peace or war ; and the first thing they did, built a 
garrison for the good of the whole *******#»* 

One Reddin came here to build a ship here. 

One Woodbury and Skipper Doliiver purchased a unall 
tract of land of ***** and were both down here. Woodbury, 
a man of great substance, built a handsoro^ house and a Imrn. 

JIfoy 3.— -The town admitted 7 persons into the town as 
inhabitants, and ^'came into a new method, viz : that every 
person admitted from that time', should pay £lO. Mr. Pike, 
Webber, Woodward, Clark and *** built a house and barn *** 

Jiugust 9. — A skx)p built before my door, was launched to- 
day. 

1$. — ^The mast ship that loaded h^re sailed to-day. 

17. — The town admitted 23 persons into the tiwn^ they 
ayingthe£lO. 



17 

i^piemhtr l8.^-^The town admitted 5 persons into th« town. 
Among others, ^he town thought it their wisdom to admit a 
number of gentlemen that stand their friends ; vi2. Mr. Shove, 
Capt. Walton, Mr. Powell and Lewis. Some of them the 
town admitted are substantial men-*and Capt. Wheelwright. 

People constantly flocking down here to petition for lots. . 

[A memorandum is made in another part of this jear^s jour- 
nal ; but so illegible as not to be fully understood. All I can 
gather from it is^as I conceive of it,that this was a township a, 
number of years before, but taken by Waudghsgad, for the 
French and Indians — aiid that ** at this time the towp book 
was Either burnt or carried into Canada, which was an, 
unspeakable los^," producing disputes between the old and 
new proprietors. Some of whom bad, or required lands 
** olrer and over again."] 



1727. 

• 

January S. — ^I got home to-day, found all things well, the 
people clad to see me. 

8. — 1 was this evening at a notable supper at Mr. Whal- 
tons, with about 19 of th« neighbors. 

[It seems, then, that large parties are nothing new.] 

10. — Separated this day for fasting and prayer,* 

fiS. — ^Town meeting to-day. They passed several TOtes iit 
my favor, viz, : To find me my wood — ^To clear with me every 
6 months — ^To give me three acres of Land for my Hoi^se 
and Lot — and to clear the 3 acre lot. Yesterday wrote to 
Mr. Thacher for my dismission. 

29. — (Sunday)— Not a vessel in the harbor, nor one stranger 
at meeting : but as many of our own people as ever I saw, 

30. — ^To-day tbe people met and cut the timber for mf 
House, and drew part of it to the spot. 

February 1. — Our letters were sent to the Churches for 
their assistance at the intended ordination^ 

6. — My father came here in Young Saunders from Boston — 
spent the evening with us, and went on board and sailed. 

II. — A very cold day indeed, this. 

18. — ^The river froze over this morning — broke away P. M. 

29. — ^Town meeting to-day to settle things about entertain^ 
ing the ministers, and about building my House. 



<*So modi of this Jouraal as U printed in itaU^'SiVas origiiiftl%r wtftfieoiXm prt- 
««le cInnicMrt. 

2* 



Id 

« 

MarA e.-^'-S^ t^^lfiM dmf fir fasting amdvro^. 

8. — ^Tbift day I was ordaioed Minister of the Gospel an^ 
j^astor of the Church. Mr. Mosely made the first praver — 
IJHx* Wise prayed and gave the right hand of fellowship — 
Mr. Newmaveb gave tlM Charge, anid Mr. Rogers closed with 
prayer. 

^•-^My father came here this morning in an Indim canoe. 

16.-— Col. Westbrook came bera. 

SI. — CoL Westbrook went to Richmond. About this time 
liir. Kiddings came down here with a considerable quantity 
of goods in otder to buUd a sloop here. 
. £5. — ^This week I spent very closely in preparation for the 
dabbath. 

{The pages of his Journal for the rest of the year contain 
nothing ; on another sheet at the end of the Journal there 
appears to be a continuation of the Journal to the end of the 
year, but it contahns little or nothing more than an account of 
the arrival and sailing of vessels— —particularly.] 

SepUmber 10.^ A£>ut SO-i^esseU before the door for several 
days. 

[Frbm other soordes I learn ttiat on the flith Oetoter in 
this year, there was a great Earthquake,* upon which a geo^ 
eral revival of -Rellg^n toofc |>Hice*-40 out of l'24 were the 
fruits of it in the Rev. Mr. Emerson's Chnrefa in Portimeuth, 
&&C. kc. AWe. The Rev. Mr. Ckwkin was «he^ minister of 
Hampton, in that )3tate, and Rev. Mr. Rogers of Portsmouth, 
-successor to Rev. Mr. Moody. (See Boston Recorder of Jan. 
18, f«2t, and Chrisftan History for 1749^ |>age 194. Of 
this bo6k more hereafter.) } 



1728. 

^ January^ X.^-There waa a grtai light seen %n C^e N. E. 
in the beginning 0/ winter ^ which they say, certainly predicts 
'a ytiy cold winter, Which proves true as to this. 

*B7 this Earthqoftke (tone waHs and the tofa of several cUnmiet we«e Uuwpa 
dowa; ia Mne j^aees the doo» were ualatched and ^urtt ofm, and T**pl* te 
great danger of falUas. Its duration is supposed to have "been about two adrt- 
utes, and its course firan Nortliwest to 8outhea«t,aiid it eateoded firooi Keooebee 
to the river Deknraretat least 700 niiles. On tlie htmut day, the laiandof Martia- 
ico was in danger of being entirely destroyed I7 an Eartihquaiie, which cMtiaued 
wkh veiyehofft intervais, elevea koma. Many l>v«* wane k a ^'JS t . BHers^hial* 
aras thrown down *, and beside churches, convelita,«iid ether baildtefii \ 
SQIUagar works were mined. 



19 

te.^-Sftt out for Boston and ncrived Febniai^y S. 

I^ebruary 8«-^I came away from Boston. 
10.--I AQl home, found all things comfortable. Thanks 1>6 
to God. I have rode in all the journey, 319 miles. 

26. — ^Town vMoUng to da; wbioh waa spent in reading the 
Town Books. 

£7.«-^SaRie. 

March 10. — (Sunday) I preached on ih$ sin$ ((fikt Town. 

16. — ^A great many creatures haT« died this winter by reason 
of the detp snow and soarcity of Hay« 

25. — ^My 30 and 10 acre lotS| with the ministry ^s^ weie laid 
out. 

£6. — Annual Town meetings. The cabaUing party carried 
aU h^mt them > a m f got ail me 9jfieer^ ^ their party. 

This week the Surveyors have been wholly eqiployed 
in laying out 30 acre lots in several parts of the town and es- 
pecially over at Purpoodock, where they have laid out all the 
land upon the water side, which at first occasioned a great 
disturbance— that five old improved places were given to somo 
furious sparks who alone would take them. 

^pril 19.-*^I sat out for W^lla. 

22. — ^Returned home. 

29.'<-Nothing but confusion ia iomu. The eahaUing pa/rty 
broke awjimgiihMMelwe* 

May 2. — -This week and the last, there has been a mighty 
etir dnd unweairied endeavor e to overiwm Me eakaXUng crew 
and **** are Qu ehie^inetrumad*, who bein^ dieappoinUd in 
what ihey were eeeHnng after^ and more dtsguetedf leave no 
stone unturned to put a stop to their un^uHand mad proceed- 
ings, and have forced a toum mteHng fir these ends, 

6.— Town meetings. No RepresentaJtives chosen. Sat out 
on a journey to Dunstable and returned June 13. 

25 . — ^Town meeting chiefly to consider the Selectmen's 
aecounts,and af^er having wrangled all day broke up in a flame 
A — as near fighting as possible. 

26 — Mr. Thompson was ordained (at Scarborough.) 

Jul y6 . — / contracted the most intimate acquaintance with 
Mr. Thompson, and spent most of the week past with kim, 

10. — ^We hear that the last Thursday's Lecture in Boston, 
was turned into a Fast, on account of the drought, and it is 
worthy of remark, that the late plentiful rains began th&t day 
-^oubtiess an answer of prayer. 

13. — I sat out on another journey to Dunstable. 

Aagu$t lS.-*-«Bie«inmed to Fateioudi and found ail thivp 
well. 

September 11. — ^I sat out this morning early {for Dmntable 
where be arriTed the next day.] 

tZ,^^I was married tkia evemng [to Sarah Tyng.] 



20 



t4. — I sat out this morning for hoine,accoinpanied by Col. 
Tyng, Stc. 

28. — Got home very comfortably. We were met the day 
before at Scarboroueby by Mr. Cobb and several of the people, 
women especially-^nad a very noble supper prepared for us. 

Abrcm6«r 1. — ^Town meeting to day. 100 acres of land 
voted to Qvery man. They differed about pews, and adjourned. 

22. — There was a great uproar to-day, about Capt.Larabee, 
complaining against Isaac Sawyer, for scandalising of him. 

December 28. — ^Tbere continues a desperate uproar m town 
about Capt. Larabee, *** several neighbors summoned to 
York^ on account of his complaint against Sawyer. 

[The journals of this year contain accounts of visits ; riding 
out ; preaching here and there ; subjects preached ; whether 
the meetings were fully attended or not ; state of the weatbet ; 
domestic concerns, Sic. Sic] 



1729—1730—1731—1732. 

The journals for these years are missing. 

That there may be some supply, the editor thinks it not 
amiss to insert the following from the Annals mentimied in the 
pceface ^ 

1729. 

The Natchez, an Indian nation on the Mississippi, formed 
a general conspiracy to massacre the French colonists of 
Louisana. *** Two hundred Frenchmen were killed. Of 
all the people at the Natchez, not more than twenty French^ 
and five or six negroes escaped. One hundred and fifty chil- 
dren, and eighty women, with nearly as many negroes, were 
made prisoners. But the next year. 



>v 



1730, t 

Mr. Parrier, governor of Louisana, went against them with 
at body of French traops, and so terrified them at their ap- 
proach, that they shut themselves up in a fort which they had 
t>uilt ; but were soon forced by the fire from the French 
iDortaxs to make sigoila for capitulation. They were carried 



to New-Orlean8,where they were confined in separate prisons, 
and afterwards transported as slaves to <St. Domingo. Thus 
were the French women and children released ; and that 
nation, the most illustrious in Louisana was destroyed. 

1731. 

Thomas HoUis, the distinguished benefantor of Harvard 
College, died this year, at the age of 72 years*. 



1732. 

Qn the S£d of Febroftiy, this year, G«oree Washiagtoa 
was bom in Virgmia, at Bridgets Creek, in the county oC 
Westmoreland. [He died at Mount Vernon, Dec 14» 17^9.] 

1733. 

January. [The begini^ng of this month, Mr. Bmitlvtook 
a journey to Boston.] 

7. — I preached at Greenland. I hope I did some good^- 
the people seemed mightily affected. 

*Tlke net prodttw of hit donatloiis in 1T2T, (excloiive •fgitu not ▼fodibte,) 
amoanted te 4,900/. N. E. «urreiicy, which placi(d at iatMrest, at 6 per cent, pro- 
duced 294/. per annum. This fum he appointed to be laid out annnallj in the 
following mannav : 

ToaDWiaitjProfeMor, W 

To a Profef$or of the Mathewatics, ... 80 

To the Treasurer of College, - - - - - 20 

To tei»poor Students in Dhrinitgr, - - - ' • 100 

To supply deftciences, ... - - 14 

In addition to these generous donations, he gave the coUege a valuable app»> 
fains fbraathamaties aad philosophical ezperinenls. He also sent a set of 
Hebrew and Oreeli types for printing, the present of a friend of his, valued at 
89/. sterling ; and at different times, Pigmented the College Library with very 
vali^pble books, partly his own gift, and partly by procurement from friends. 



22 

11. — Attended the fast, (at Cape Porpus.) Mr. Cutter gave 

great offence by his rank Arminianism. 

12. — Rode hotne alone, found all well through the goodness 
of God. 

14 (Sunday,) — I was much carried out, and the people 
seemed mightily affected. 

29. — Some of the ship's men were put in the stocks by 
order of Justice Wheeler. 

27. — To-day was our town meeting, pretty peaceable; 
Messrs. Wheeler, Pearson, Ea«t, Thorndike and Cobb, Se- 
lectmen ; Wheeler, Treasurer, and Pearson, Clerk. 

%9. — Public Fast. A very full meeting. I was as much 
enlarged, and had the nx)st extraordinary assistances that ever 
(I think) I found. I was longer much, and prayed with grea- 
ter freedom, distinctness and propriety, than ever I did on a 
fast day ;, and I here record it to encourage myself to depend 
and rely upon God, having been enabled to pray for assistance 
more than usual, being out of order, and much concerned 
about it. 

AprUl, — I have not been from home this week. Have 
written a great deal. [This he seems to have always done 
generally. From a view of his sermon in my possession, and 
an account of them among his papers. I imagine that in the 
course of his life, he wrote and preached not less than 3000.] 

19. — Every body has had bad colds. 

May 7. — Town meeting. They unanimously voted me 
£160 for my salary. 

June £9. — ^To-day Mr. Wheeler came from Boston and 
brought news that the West-India bill about molasiies,rose md 
in the gallon. 

July 18. — Sat out for Boston, arrived 2Sd. 

August 4. — Returned from Boston ; found friends all well. 

September 5. — We all rode in the Colonel's new road, to 
see tne place where the paper mill is to be set, [at Stroud- 
water.] 

18. — ^To-day the inhabitants of Purpoodock had a parish 
meeting, and voted to build a meeting house, and chose Mr. 
Allen to be their minister. 

October 24. — ^The sloops all sailed this morning. 1 suppose 
there was about SO. 

JSTovember 9. — Mr. Parker came here, bound to Boston to 
be ordained. 

December 7. — I make a practice of working some every 
day. 

50. — ^I rode to the Truckbouse. 



23 

[The pages of bis Journal for this jear are occapied with 
accounts of the weather and of ministerial and social visits, 
more fully than usual, and of planting, sowing and reap- 
ing, fcc-l 



1734. 

January 19. — (Sunday). Sac, Cam. about 40 at the com- 
munion. 

February 13. — We had news from Boston that there is like 
to be Pease. 

15. — ^Town meeting about building me a garrison ; East op- 
posed and preverited it, but several of the people beat up 
volunteers and set about it. There were about 50 hands went 
to work on it. 

March 11. — All the talk for a great while past is about war 
expected ; we have often rumors of war, and sometimes 
news that it is peace. 

£3. — All the week I am hurried about my garrison. 

28. — I had about 50 persons assisting in raising my garrison, 
and had a magnificent supper for them. 

•^pril 17, — We are all hushed about the news of peace. 

May 12. — I sat out with my wife on a journey, (to Dunsta-^ 
ble.) 

June 5. — Got home, found all well, thanks to God. 

Junt 25. — Had the gates of my garrison hung. 

July 28. — We were much alarmed to day by news about 
the Indians appearing in a great body. There was a watck 
this night. 

29. — To day we had a scout of men went out to see if they 
could make any discovery of Indians. There certainly is a 
number of Canada Indians somewhere on the back of us. 

August 3. — ^The coasters have entered into bonds not to 
carry any more wood to Boston for a month. 

10. — ^There were four of the Cape Indians drowned tp day 
going to N. Yarmouth. 

September 5. — Mr. Waldo came to town. 

16. — I sat out with Mr. Wheeler on a journey to Boston. 

19. — (At York), I was to see the Indian woman that mur- 
dered Trott's child. 

25. — Sailed from Boston. 

27. — Got home, found all well, thanks to God. 

October 6. — (Sunday) Sac, Can, 70 communicants. 

16. — Messrs. Jeffreys and Cutter came here. We kept a 
public fast to pray for the efTusioii of the Holy Spirit on tb6 
youth. 



24 

« 

40. — (Sunday*) Not a very full meeting, but a great many 
young people* They preached to them. 

Aovemfter 6. — My father came here. 

8. — I rode with my father to see the colonial great dam. 

10. — Mr. Allen was installed. I was there. Mr. Willard 
preached. Mr. Thompson gave the charge, and Mr. Jeiferds 
the right hand of fellowship. 

September 31 . — Destina P. M. Jkum Laudare. 

[Excepting his illness at sundry times, Mr. Smith seems to 
have enjoyed himself much with his friends this year, and to 
have attended many sick persons in his ministerial capacity.] 



1736. 

January. — [This month contains an account of a journey to 
Dunstable, from 5th to 16th. The other part of the Journal 
is similar to what is repeatedly recorded.] 

February 4. — I sat out with my father on a journey to 
Boston. 

June 19. — (At York), prayed with the Court. The Indian 
was brought to trial. 

21. — Got well home, found all very well, thanks to God. 
I. never experienced more of the 'goodness of God than in this 
journey. Met with no difficulty, no disappointment — but with 
great civility and kindness in every place. 

July 1. — There is an abundance of strawberries in my 
swamp. 

14. — I sat out on a journey, (returned the 18th.) 

22. — ^Ministers meeting at Scarborough. 

SO. — All han4s set out in Mr. Wheeler^s boat for Bruns* 
wick. 

August, — [A foil page, and very finely written, but it con- 
tains nothing particularly interesting ; there was however a 
council at N. Yarmouth, respecting Mr. Cutter.] 

September 16. — I rode round by the Falls, to see the dis*, 
tressed families who lost their relatives a board Boardmau. 

October 13. — I sat out on a journey to Boston,( returned 25.) 

31. — ^We had a Fast (as there has been almost every year) 
on account of the sickness which broke out at Kingston,*JN.H^ 

* This was an epidemic disewe, which obtsMied the najne of the threat dis- 
temper, which made its appearance In May and ^kread gndmlly through that 
township during the summer. Of the first forty wlio had the disease, none re- 
covered. In August it began to make its appeamnce at Exe$er \ and in Septem- 
ber in Boston. It continued its ravages throttgh |lie soeceeding winter and 
spring} and did not disapjpear uBtil the end of the nest sunmer. In the pro-. 



25 

and which is got as far as Cape Porpoise, and carries %ff a 
great many children and young persons and alarms the whole 
country. 

Mfvemher 6. — I first heard of Brunswick Fort being burnt. 

9.^ Sunday,) Twenty vessels, chiefly sloops, sailed this 
morning. 

December 1^. — ^To day Mr. Cutter was finally dismissed at 
a town meeting. * 

{The Journals from 1733, inclusively, take up two full 
octavo pages to each month. They shew the industry of the 
writer, not only in the making of the Records, but in the 
daily employments which are, in a very considerable degree^ 
the subjects of them. 

The following Journal has no date, of the year, to it, but 
some circumstances induce me to suppose it was made in the 
year 1736. Each month, like the three last, takes up two 
pages.] . 



1736. 

January — [I see nothing in this month that needs tt be 
recited.] 

February, — [I may say the same of this.] 

March 12. — Parish jneeting, they raised my salary 30Z. so 
that it is now S.SOL I did not expect so much or hear that 
they designed it. 

JlprU. — [I do not think it needful to notice any thing in 
this month.] 

May, — [Nor in this, unless it be the following.] 

29. — I went;^ over to Mr. Allen — ^niet the ministers on the 
affair of the Irish. They came over with me to dinner. 

June, — ^[Nor in this, any thing.] 

July, — [There is here nothing remarkable.] 

August 14. — I^at out with Deacon Beautineau for Bosjton« 
[He arrived there the 24th.] 

vince of New Hampshire, not lets than one thousand persons, of vhomnine 
hundred were under twenty years of age, fell Tictlms to this malignant distem* 
per. In Boston, four thousand persons had the same disease ; and one hundred 
ttid fourteen died. In HaverhiU, Mass., there died of the same disease from 
KoT. 17, 1735 to Oct 6, 1737, one hundred and ninety-nine persons. The num- 
ber of inhabitants of Boston was estimated at sixteen thousand. This disease 
gradually spread westward, and was two years in reaching the riTer Hudson, 
about two hundred miles in a straight line iinom Kingston. It contiaued its 
progress, with some intemption until it spread over all the coloniea. 

3 



2& 

^Member 1.— Game awaj from Bofton, had a fioe passage 
oTl? hours. 

9. — We were exceedingly alarmed with news of the In- 
dians attacking Saco, and the guns being frequentJjr heard. 

11. — ^The front of my garrison was done up. 

IS. — We ha?e a great deal of thought and talk about war. 

£0. — ^The measles has been in town Tor several months. 

October S£. — I am much discouraged, I feet so feeble and 
broken. 

do. — I have reason to think I have the distemper going 
about, viz. the slow fever and sore throat, and that I took it of 
Daniel Kent who died lately. 

Abrem&er 15. — Mr. Macleoathem installed. I had a clasb 
with biro. 

17. — Many persons are taken down, as I was, with a sore 
throatand pain in the head and other bad symptoms, but soon 
over. 

December. — [Nothing remarkable.1 

[Mr. Smith frequently mentions having persons to dine 
with him, especially on sabbath days, from which I conclude 
he was very hospitable.] 



1737. 

JJRniMrry 3. — ^There is no wood, little corn^ sad complaints 
every #here. 

4..^p^w there is corn there is no grinding, people know 
not what to do. 

9. — ^The distemper is broke out afresh, and proves mortal 
at York and Wells. [It appears from the mention of a child's 
d'eath, to have been the throat distemper.] 

ll.-i-The distemper is in several places in the parish. Neal 
lost three children. 

19. — ^t^ Waite came in from Boston in about eleven 
hours. 

FebrtKxry 11. — Brunswick and Pemaquid Forts fVhich 
were dismantled this session) are continued till May session. 

10.-^1 was at prayer with a number of the Parish who met 
about a new Meeting House. 

JMbrdb 5. — It is a melancholy tine in regard to the scarcityi 
of com, some have had none for several weeks. 

It. — ^Tbe distemper which seemed to be gone has broke 
out again in several houses. 

S9.— Sailed for Boston. dOth. All the talk in Boston is 
about the mob that pulled down the Market. 

^prU a.— Got home after a pleasaat passage. 



27 

SI. — All the talk is, no com, jno hay, and there is not ^ 
peck of potatoes to eat in all ihe eastern country. 

May 1. — The distemper is' now bad at North Yarmouth. 
In all 75 have died of it in tbe whole town ; 49 here and £6 in 
Purpoodock. 

3. — Mr. Goodwin came in with 300 bushels of com. So 
that there is great fejoicing in town. Thanks to God. 

Junt 4, — -Com is lOs, a bushel in Boston, hardly any to be 
got. 

£0 . — Sat out for Boston. 

July 8. — Was at Commencement. 

16. — Got home. 

*^ug. 3. — Ministers meeting here. 

Sept. 17. — ^Tbe distemper is beginning at Black Point, 2 or 
S children have died of it. 

October 13. — ^The distemper is still bad at Scarborough. 
Not one has lived that has had it of late. 

14. — They attempted to laundi the mast ship, but she 
stuck. 

J^ovemher 18. — There has been a distressing time in Boston 
for want of bread, but the night before Thanksgiving, 15€0 
barrels of fiour- was brought in, which reduced the price from 
^^8, to 55«. a hundred. 

26. — ^Three children have ^ed this wc^k of tbe distem^pier 
tn the town, and the pleurisy fefer prevails and has ptoved 
ttortal to several at N. Yarmoitth. 

December 1. — We have melancfaoiy accounts of the sickness 
at N. Yarmouth. 

2.— The distemper is now bad at Purpoodock, one Mour- 
ton has buried 3 out of 4. 

9.-^All that had tke pleuretic fever have died of it, save 
one. 

22. — ^There was a meeting of the Pari^ who voted to me 
•aOOi. for my last year's salary. 

Through the goodness of God, I and mine are brought to 
the close of another year. 

[Though Mr. Smith had been very freqppently out of health, 
he here makee reflections on various mercies he had been 
favored with.] 

KOTE. *( A hesTy shock «f an earthquake was felt in New Jersey this year. It 
caused doors to fly open, and bricks to fall from the chiin»ies ; and excited great 
coneterAation J yet did but little actual injury.^ 



1738. 

January 8. — Stroudwater Bridge fell down. 
February 16. — 1 sat out on my journey to BostODi (arrived 
S3d) S5tb left Boston. 
March 4. — Returned to Falmouth by waters 
April IS.-Pubiic Fast. I had extraordinary assistance ; 
was an hour and a half in prayer, a. m. and above an hour, p. m. 
17. — I was at the funeral of Mr. Townsend who died yester- 
day. 
Junt 8. — ^I went' away this evening in Mr. West for Boston. 
10. — Got to Boston about one. 
S3. — Came away in Stickney. 
24. — Got to Cape Ann. 
S6. — Got home. 

S7. — The canker dissemper is broke out in Milton, Wo- 
burn and Cape Ann and is at N. Yarmouth. 

August 10.— The town and country is[now in an alarm by 
new4 that Cox brought from the eastward. We keep a 
watch every night on the neck. 

16..— I was in the Evening at prayer with one Dyer and her 
child who have the throat distemper, which prevails and 
proves universally mortal at the Falls. 

18.-— Col. Pepperii with the officers 6f the Militia and 
troops came down here by order of the Governor to enquire 
into the preparedness for war. 

30.— At Mr. Powell's, (N. Yarmouth.) 
Septemlier 1.— I paddled myself to N. Casco, dined at Mr. 
Noice*s and visited several families there. 

11. — I set sail for Bos.ton. 13. — Set sail for Falmouth. 
14. — Got home. I was S2 hours going. $9 hours there. 
SS coming home. 

19. — ^There was a council to day about Mr. Prentiss' leav- 
ing his people. 

SS. — Five of Mr. Allen's family have died (within a week) 
of the throat distemper. 

October 14. — My wife was delivered of a son to day. 
15. — (Sunday) We baptised our child, John. 
JVbvcm&er 4. — The throat distemper is still exceeding bad 
at Saco. 

^2. — The church suspended Mrs. ***(on account of her 
drunkenness. 

[Though but few extracts are made from Mr. Smith's Jour- 
nal this year, it should be noticed that his time seems to have 
been fully employed, as in former years.] 



29 

I* 

1739. 

[A part of the Journal for this year appears to he missing, 
viz. the three first and the last month ; I say " this year" aa 
it Is covered with the outsides of the Almanac for this year, 
but there is no date to the Journal.] 

^prU, — [From the 1st to the 10th is aa account of a jour- 
ney to York, where he prayed with the Court at which he had 
some business. The other part of the Journal, though very 
full, is not interesting.] 

May i8.—-Wehad aj public fast to pray for the success of 
the GospeL [Several ministers present— Mr. ITiUard preach- 
ed. ' • 

[The journal for the rest of the month gives an account of 
a Journey to Dunstable.] 

/line. — [This month is occupied with an account of a trip 
to Boston, and journey to Dunstable, of Mr. Smith, his wife 
and child.] 

July 13.— The governor and several gentlemen came here 
in a man-of-war from Kennebec. 

fiO. — ^This morning a sloop came from Boston with the 
counsellors, representatives and other gentlbmen ; and gentle- 
men from all parts of the country* 

"* 2&. — ^To-day came here a great many of the chiefs of the 
tribes. They made a great show. 

26. — ^The Indians appearing with French colors ; the 

fovernor would not see them to-day. The governor dined at 
f r. "Wheeler's, and about 40 gentlemen, mostly young men, 
dined at my house. 

27. — ^There is nothing more remarkable this week than that 
the governor and gentlemen are on the hill almost every day« 
where there was a spacious great tent, with seats and benches, 
and where they met the Indians. 

£8 — ^The Governor did not meet the Indians to-day, he 
being wi^ all the other gentlemen up to Col. Westbrook's, at 
a dinner. 

29. — ^There was a public dinner on the hill, where the Eng- 
lish and^about 200 Indians dined* P.M. Delivering presents 
to the Indians. 

SO. — ^The governor set out for Saco by four in the morniqg 
and the gentlemen went on board the vessels. 

SI. — The Governor lodged at my father's truck-house, [a 
Saco,] this night. 

^u^ust SI. — ^The vessels all sailed to-day. They have left 
us quite bare, and nothing of the country's produce, left, only 
3 bushels of corn and some small things. They allowed £12 
ibr our house. 

3* 



30 

S4j— We bad a public fast, to pray for the success of the 
gospel ; many of the people atteivled — Ministers, Jefifries, 
Thompson, Cutter, Moody and Prentice. 

September 6. — I visited all the people at Spirwink, except- 
ing one Simonton, and a few on the Gape. 

21. — There was a meeting of the New Proprietors to day, 
at which they could not do any thing by reason of Mr. Mount- 
fort and some others not being allowed Proprietors. 

£2. — They finished the meeting to day, entirely to the 
satisfaction of every body. The New Proprietors took in the 
old ones by vote, (and others,) all signed Articles of Agree- 
ment. This was the happiest meeting Falmouth ever had. 
Thanks to God. 

24. — There are IS coasting sloops, besides some schooners 
that all lie close before the door. 

25. — I reckon I have in a short space of time past, visited 
all the people except at Stroud water and a few at the N. £. 
part of the town. 

Cktoher 18. — This day sat out for Boston. [The rest of 
the month is taken up with an account of his journey out, 
there, and home.] 

November 9. — To day the committee, are selling 600L 
worth of land. Hiey sold 1000 acres. 

30. — ^Yesterday Mr. Moody was ordained. 

[Mr. Smith in his Sabbath days Journals, generally men- 
tions whether the meetings are full or thin, and very often 
that strangers were present, how he was affected, and when 
he was afterwards " tired," and this was not unfrequent.] 



1740. 

January 16. — Every body expects in the spring a French, 
as there is now a Spanish War. 

21. — I have not been abroad a week-day for this eleven 
weeks, yet I have constantly gone out on Sabbath days. 

25. — ^We have had a close wieek with our children, all hav- 
ing the quincy as well as others of us. It seems to be going 
through the country. 

February 4 — ^A soldier was froze to death. 

22. — ^I have been very ill and full of pain with a bad cough* 

Jlfarc/^.-^[Nothing material is recorded this month.] 

•SprU 21. — Orders are come to Boston for 5000 soldiers to 
go to join the English forces in the West Indies, and are 
Uiought to try for the Havana. 

90.— I rode to Stroudwater to talk with Mr. Slemmons, 
who is offended with my sermon to the Irish. Mr. Frost also 



31 

made known ^at he is offended wiUi me for some passage in 
a sermon which he thought reflected on his taking Haskell's 
house, &LC. 

May 28. — Sailed in Capt. Fox's brig for Boston. 

June 10. — Got home* 

S8. — There is strong expectation of war ; 2 French squad- 
rons with one Spanish one having sailed, as it is thought for 
the West Indies, and the Indians are surly and threaten a 
war. 

30. — I heard yesterday that Mr. President Hollyoke buri- 
ed his wife and two children with the throat distemper. 

July S. — About this time we had a terrible alarm made by 
Ares, Gorhamtown. 

17. — ^Wehad a Parish meeting about receiving the new 
meeting house* I was at prayer. A sad opposition there 
was, but yet, by a majority, voted. 

SO. — ^We first met in the new meeting house an exceeding 
full assembly. 

£4. — I had three sheep killed by a wolf. There were seven 
others killed. 

£8. — ^A watch has been kept on the Neck^ ever since Ares' 
news. « 

dO.-^The church kept a day of Fasting and Prayer on ac- 
count of the spread of Quakerism. . Mr. Jeffrey and myself 
prayed, A. M. Mr. Thompson preaehed. Mr. Allen and Mr» 
JLord prayed and Mr. Willard preached, P. M. 

31. — Our pews were appropriated. 

Augutft 3.— (Sunday,) An exceeding full congregation and 
communion and yet I reckoned more than 60 heads of fami- 
lies that were absent, and many of their whole families with 
them. 

10. — ^Sunday ,^ A full meeting. Mr. Crocker preached for 
me. Capt. Jones and Mr. Wilson have no{ been to meeting 
in our new house, and tfa^re is an unhappy uneanness about it. 

Sepitwher £9. — ^I sat out for York. 

October 4. — Got home. 

5. fSunday,^ I preached extempore, A. M. about Mr. 
Whitfield. 

November 14. My wife was delivered of a daughter. 

16.— Y^unday,^ We baptised our daughter by the name of 
Sarah. 

Z>ecen&er 3. There has been a great freshet that has dose 
a great oeal of damage. 

£1. — I rode to Saco, lodged with my father at Smith's, who 
was forced out of his own lodgings by vast Quantities of ice 
which jambed and raised the water 18 inches nigher than her 
bedstead. 



32 



[I might have mentioaed before, that Mfr Smith used t* 
keey a particijilar accQunt of the presents made him. These 
appear tQ have been verj numerous and shew the rejgard hit 
people had for him. Indeed the connexion with them seems 
to have been a happy one on both sides.] 



1741. 



January 2. — ^I walked over the ice from Capt Moody's 
beach, straight to Mr Oushing's to get corn. 

3. — Our Mr. Stephen Jones, (we bear) is on shore at Cape 
Cod with 1400 bushels of corn. 

7. — I rode with Master Hodge to North Yailhoutfa ; we rode 
round the Cove and turned down to Mr. Norris' across Pre- 
sunipscot River, and lode from thence all the way on the iee 
which was exceeding hard and secure. We were not three 
quarters of an hour from Mr. Norris' to Mr. Loring's door. 

10. — ^There has been for some time a melancholy scarcity 
of corn. • ' 

11. — f'Sunday,^ I rode over the river and changed with 
Mr. Alien. , 

14.— Melancholy tidings we have of vessels lest in the 
storm last month. 

15. — ^Twenty nine vessels came out of Holmes' Hole chief- 
ly laden with provisions. We hear 17 of them were lost the 
^next day. 

« 

[There is a want of further Journal this ^ear, until the 
' moath of May, and after that month, to the end of the year.] 

May 3. — ^We hear there is a famine in Ireland and an uni- 
v.ersad scarcity. 

4. — Pretty many families on the Penobscot live wholly on 
the clam banks. 

9. — ^The fish have but now struck in, a great relief to peo- 
.pU almost perishing. 

14. — ^Mr Jones came inVith 900 bushels of corn. 

15. — Mr. Jones sells his corn at l§s. a bushel. It is 14s. ia 
Boston; People groan terribly at the price. 

16. — A most melancholy time. God remember us in mer- 
cy and be better to us than our fears. 



33 
1742. 

January 2. — I got home from a journey to Piscataqud) 
where I have been to observe and ajffect myself with the great 
work of God's grace. 

£9.-^1 rode with my wife and preached a Lecture at Mr. 
Frost's, where the work broke out. 

31. — ^The blessedest Sabbath Falmouth ever saw. 

February 19. — My Father died last night. 

March ISL. — I sat out with my brother on a journey to Bos- 
ton. 

April 3. — Returned from Boston. 

9. — Had ten persons to see me about joining with the 
church. 

May 19. — ^We bad^a town meeting to see if the people 
would receive the £16O0 the General Court voted us. By 
reason of opposition fromPurpoodock, nothing was done. 

26. — I rode this morning to Black Point, and with Mr. Al- 
len, carried on a Fast, which was to pray for the revival of the 
great work. 

27. — ^The people voted to day to receive the money. [It is 
not said what the money was voted for.] 

June 14. — ^I sat out on a joiurney to Boston with my brother. 

1 7. — Got to Boston. 

July 10. — Got home. 

12. — People have been much dissatisfied with my leaving 
them so long. Mr. Bewal, by illness, disappointed me. 

August — [The page of his Journal for this month is a blank. 
A very singular neglect !] 

31. — I rode to Gorham Town and preached, and had great 
assistance^, 

Septemhvr, — [A full page again, giving, until the 14th, an 
account of a trip to Boston.] 

October I. — ^My dear wife died between 2 and 3 P. M. — 
[Some account of her death and character, and of Mr. Smith's 
meditations on the afflictive event, here follow.] 

3. — (Sunday.) Mr. Allen preached here, and after service 
we attended the funeral of my wife. 

Navemher 2. — Beef is now sold in this town at 9d per pound, 
and other provisions extravagantly dear. 

December 28. — I preached to young people in the old Meet« 
ing House. 

[The Journal for this year is less filled than any of the pre- 
eeeding years, but it contains the record of events that were 
interesting to Mr. Smith. The death of a sister, father, wife 
and child.] 



34 
1743. 

Janv4in^ ^S.-^Sunday.) I have been in a poor distracted 
frame, tbu aad the three preceedlng Sabbaths ; lost all cour- 
age and ready to give up. 

February 1. — I sat out on a journey for Boston. 

19. — Got home. 

March 15. — ^Parish meeting ; they raised my salary to 
£S65. 

29.' — I sat out on a journey to Piscataqua. 

[He seems at this time, to have been looking out for anoth- 
er wife.] 

AprU ld.-^Got home. 

18. — ^It pleased God to enable me to such a behavior at the 
Bank^as that I had extraordinary acceptance, and met with a 
-great deal of acceptance and respect. 

May £3. — I sat out for Boston with Mr. Crocker 

26. — Got to Boston. There was a sad division in the Con- 
vention of Ministers at Boston. I>r. Chaunoey and others in 
opposition to the late work of God in the land. They obtain- 
iBd a vote afainst the ^lisordent, &.c. tliercfby expressly own- 
ing the work, which puts the Ministers on the ot-her side into 
a-gre«t ferment ; the people through the country are also uni- 
versally divided, and in the most unhappy temper. The oppo- 
sition is exceeding virulent and mad. 

June 9. — I came from Boston to the Islands^ 

4.— ^Came to sail. 

5.^ Sunday.) Got home to meeting, as they began sing- 
ing. A. M. Mr. Hodge preached. 

14.-<-Mr. Waldo come to town with an Execution against 
Coil. Westbrook, for £10500 and charges. 

15.-^1 catechised the children on tlie NocIl, about 70. 

22. — ^I rode with my sister to a Minister's meeting at Scar- 
horough ; had a Lecture. We met to declare our sense of the 
late religious appearances. 

July l.^^Days of Fasting are kept in one place and another, 
aa account of the worms. 

4. — I sat out for Boston in company with Deacon Mitchell. 

6.-p-Got to Boston. 

7. — ^Went to see Mrs. Pierce, A. M. but did not stay, beuig 
•obliged to attend a Convention of Ministers to bear testimony 
to the late glorious work of God in the land which is opposed 
l>y so many ; there were 90 ministers present, and wt^h this 

t * Tb9 (own of JPoptomoatk or PllApatft^ilR was (bco eaU«i '*4)ie Kwok," 



I 



- d& 

bappy concurrence, SO- ministers sent tli«ir teistiimmy. The 
whole number of ministers and attesters, is 111.* 

15.— Got home (from Boston.) 

£2. — Many strange Quakers in town. 

Septemher 19. — Expectation of a French war. Her Majes- 
ty having got a victor^ over the French, and sent and de- 
manded the demolition of Dunkirk. 

October 4. — ^The Court this year is kept at Purpoodock, on 
pretence of no tavern this side. 

13. — Public Thanksgiving on account of the victory given 
Her Majesty on the Maine. With 1800, she fought the French 
with 2800, which gives a surprising turn to the affairs of Eu- 
rope. 

14.— Yesterday the whole country was put into a great 
fright, by Mr. Milliken bringing an express to Capt. Sherter. 

[*Tbere are now in the Portland Library, two Tclumes, entitled *< CliristiaB 
History, containing accounts of tlie revival and propagation of Religion in Great 
Briuin and America." They were formed by a set of weekly papers published 
under that title in the years 1743 and 1744. (The first number being published 
March 12, 1743 and the last FebruaiT 23, 1744--6.) In that of Jnly 16, 1748 is 
an account of the calling together by an advertisement in the Bosten Gaaette, 
** the Ministers of that town and such other bretluren in the country as were pej!>- 
suaded that there had been a happy revival of religion in many parts of the 
land, through an extraordinary divine influence, to consider whether they were 
not called upon to give an open conjunct testinumy of an event so surprisiiig; 
gracious, &c. in an interview at Boston the day after the then approaclMng com- 
mencement, and that those who could not be present would send their attesta- 
tions in writing." 

Agreeably thereto, nine^ Ministers met at Boston on the 7th of July/and afh. 
Tftanted Doct. Colraan, Modcnaor ; Dpct Sewal, AuiHant, and Mefsrs. Prince 
and Hobby, Scribes, The result of this assembly, which ** after inquiries, dicta-, 
tions, discourses and debates" they agreed upon, was denominated tlieir <* Tes-. 
timany and Advice j" this it was agreed should be publisfacd, and it is, together 
withthe " AttesiaHont^ contained in the Letters of 28 (aftd afterwards ^inereas- 
ed to 43) absent minister?, inserted in the first of the two volumes abovemen" 
tioned, Crom page 155 to 20Q. 

This is the Assembly or ** Convention of Ministers" which Mr. Smith in hii^ 
Journal says he^was obliged to attend. It may be here noted, that the follow- 
ing Ministers sent their joint ** Attestation" to the ConTentioBby Mr. Smith, 
and it is recorded with the others, vis : 

Rev. Benjamin Allen, Pastor of the 2d Church in Falmouth. 

Bev. WiUiam Thompson, Pastor of the Church in Searborough. 

Rev. Samuel Jefferds, Pastor of the Church in Wells. 

Rev. John Hovey, Pastor of the Charch in Arundel. 

Rev. Kicholas Loring, Pastor of the Church in North-TarnMSth. 

ReT. MosewMerriil, Pastor of the Church in Biddeford. 



36 

Her Majesty we hear is now in Germany with 17000 fine 
troops and expects to be joined with Prince Charles of Lor- 
ram, with 6000 more. 

Mwemher 1. — Mr. Jones is languishing and just gone. At 
the desire of him and his friends I sat out on a journey to 
Portsmouth, to bring down Doct. Rogers. 

4. — Came away with Doct. Rogers. 

7. — Got home. 

S. — I was at the Funeral of Mr. Jones, who died on Satur- 
day night (the 5Ui.) 

December 14. — Mr. Wight was ordained. 

16. — The General Courts Committee are here fixing the 
places for Block-houses, from Marblehead to Berwick six ; 
three further east. 

20 — Sat out on a journey to Boston. 

26. — Got to Boston. First saw a Comet, though it has 
been seen near three weeks. 



1744. 

[The Journals now begin to be written on paper of a larger 
size, viz : 8vo. Post.] 

March 1 — I was married this evening [to Mrs. Jordan.] 

10. — This day I am 42 years old. I took a religious notice 
of it . I have rode in 13 months pabt, more than 3000 miles. 
I have been to Boston 4 times. 

^pril. — [Nothing material.] 

May 19. — We have had a Packet from government; certain 
advi ce of a war with France. 

20 — (Sunday.) People are at work at North-Yartnouth 
and this town about their garrisons to day. Not a very full 
meeting ; many fearing to come. 

23 — Samuel Waldo, jr chosen our Representative. 

25. — All the talk and thoughts now is about war. People 
are every where garrisoning. We hear Canso is taken. 

June 3. — (Sunday.) Not a full meeting, people fearing to 
come. This morning there was a great Earthquake. 

14. — The Soldiers came down here. The Province have 
raised 500, 300 of them for the eastern country. 

20. — Sat out for York. 

23. — Got home. 

28. — There was a public Fast on account of the War and 
the Earthquake. 

29. — A new recruit of Soldiers came down here, the Prov- 
ince having laised 500 more, 306 for this eastern country, and 



57 

6& of tfaemrare postedinr this towii and two of them ittmy gvri- 

8011. 

Jahf. 9,-^1 catechised th« children on the Neck ; about 80. 

IS. — Seyeral gentlemen from the Court with others, with 

the Mohawks are now down at Georges, treating with the 

Penobscot Indiancs about being at peace with us, and about 20 

Saco Indians are at Boston pretending to live among us. 

S6. — ^We hear the Penobscot Indians hare agreed to be at 
peace. 

August 1. — Mr. Waldo came here with a CoIonePs com- 
mission. 160 soldiers in this country are dismissed upon the 
late treaty with the Indians* 

Sa. — Gunning after pidgeons^ which increase in plenty. 
Ibrought home ten dozen in my chaise. 

September, — [Rather a thin page in the journal of thi^ 
month, and nothing of any consequence.] 

Odober 1. — ^This day I separated myself in some pooir 
manner for the exercise of humiliation, with~ respect to the 
sore proTidence that happened on it a year agcT ; and,h^ewith^ 
thanksgiving forso happy k resettlement, and supplication foir' 
the blessing of God. 
12. — ^Two soldiers, ?enr drv(nk, were drowned. 
SO — .1 rode to Justice Frost, designing to go to York, to'se^ 
Bfr. Whitfield, (who came there a few ddys ago) but heard h% 
was dangerously ill, so returned. 

31. — Mr. Pearson this morning cam6 to see me, to oppose 
Mr. Whitfield's coming here. 

The parish are like to be in a flam6 on account of Mf. 
Whitfield's coming, the leading men violently opposing. 

My brother retcrrned from England to York with Mr. 
Whitfield. 

Mmemher t, — I am much about with the peoj;)le to quiet 
them with respect to Mr. Whitfield. 
7. — ^Mr. £1 wins was ordained at Dunston. 
9.^— Had a church meetmg, and chose Dr. Moody and Mr. 
Cotton, Deacons. 

14. — ^The soldiers are all dismissed except a travelling comf 
pany under Gapt. Jordan, with whom are enlisted three Sa^ . 
CO- Indians, and their families are settled at Stroudwater, and 
provided for by order of government. 

14.— Ool. Pepperil and others are gone as Comn^is^ioner'fi to 
demand of the Indians their sending the quota of men to join ' 
us'dgainst the St; Johns' Indians, (with whom we are now at 
war) agreeable to their agreement in the treaty with governor 
DiSmmer, and in case of their non-compliance, afler 40 days^ 
to ensure them that the goveminent will proclaim war with 
them. 

4 



S8 

The throat distemper has broke out again in KingstoB, 
Exeter and Stratham, and proves verj mortal. 

Dteember 26. — Deacon Mitchell, of North- Yarmouth, died 
about this time. It has been a sickly and d/ing time there, 
with the slow fever. 

[Mr Smith seems to have enjoyed better health this year 
than for two or three years past.] 

1745. 



Janiuiry IS. — An express is gone to Boston with the In- 
dians' answer : viz. That their young men won't comply with 
the proposal of taking up arms against the St. Johns' Indians.' 
S4 — Great and prevailing clamors every where against 
Mr. Whitfield. 

February 13. — ^Ministers meeting relating to Mr. Whitfield. . 
Present Blessrs. Thompson, Jefferds, Hovey, M. Morril and 
layself ; had much of uneasiness. [See ^Note Page 35] July 
7, 1743. 

S2. — ^AU the talk is about the expedition to Louisburg.-*- 
There is a marvellous zemi and concurrence through the whole 
country with respect to it. Such as the like was never seen 
in thb part of the world. 

28. — Annual Fast, which was earlier in the year than usu- 
al, on account of the expedition to Louisburg. 

March 10. — ^I rode to mw Marblehead, [now Windham,] 
to change with Mr. White. 

lO.-^e hear that Mr. Whitfield who was te day at Biddc- 
ibrd, has got to Dunston* 

SO. — Mr. Whitfield having preached at Dunston yesterday, 
and to day went back to Biddeford, but Mr. Loring and Mr« 
Allen sent letters with messengers, which brought him back. 
21.-«Mr. Whitfield preached, A. M. at Biddjeford, and re- 
turned to Scarborough and preached P. M. for Mr. Thomp- 
son. 

S2. — Mr. Whitfield preached, A. M. for Thompson,, and 
P4 M. for Mr. Alien. I was over at Fresuropscot ; Messrs. 
Wliitfield, Wise, and Rogers lodged at my house. 

S3. — Mr. Whitfield preached in my pulpit, A. M. Multi- 
tudes flocking from Purpooduck and elsewhere. 

S4.--{Sunday,) Mr. Wise preached to my people. Mr. 
Whitfield preached at North Yarmouth all day. 

£5. — We came home with 18 persons who dined with me 
Mr. Whitfield preached here P. M. to a great congregation. 
All opposers at meeting but the two Noices. 



39 

,S6.— T heard Mr. Whitfield, A. M. at Mr. Aliens, and P* 
M. at Mr. Thompsons. 

I have been in great concern about Mr. Whitfield's coming 
among us, there having been such a violent opposition to hith 
among all our leading men except Mr. Frost, and such un*- 
' wearied pains taken to prejudice the people against hin), so 
that I feared nothing but such a quarrel as would be fatal to 
me, but now he is come — stand still and see the Providence 
of God. 

The wonderful providence of God is to be observed wiih 
respect to Mr. Whitfield, that Messrs. Loring and Thompson 
should come just as they did, and that Mr. Whitfield should 
come just as he did, when Messrs. Pearson, Wait, Wheeler, 
Moody, Freeman and others were all gone out of town, so 
that there was no uneasiness, but aU well, and a general re- 
ception — Thanks to God. 

AprU S. — Mr. Waite returned, so that the parish is in a 
buzz about Mr. Whitfield. 

11. — Mr. Longfellow came to live here. 

•17. — He began to keep school. 

E7. — I have hardly been out of doors this week, being ill. 

May 17. — {Sac Led) Mr. Fox was chosen Representative', 
there was much tlisorder at the meeting. 

19. — (Sunday,) For several Sabbaths and the lecture, I 
iiave been ail in a blaze ; never in such a flame, and what I 
would attend to is that it was not only involuntary, but actu- 
ally determined against — I went to meeting resolving to be 
calm and moderate, lest people should think that it was wild- 
ness, and affectation to ape Mr. Whitfield, but God (I see) 
makes what use of me he pleases, and I am only a machine in 
Itis hand. Tibi J^su. 

2,7, I set out with toy wife in our chaise for Boston. . 

June £S. — Got home. [While Mr. Smith was at Boston 
•he heard Mr. Whitfield twice.] 

' 26. — ^People are uneasy on account of the Indians ; they 
having been discovered in several places. 

£8.*-CJonstant expectationof the Indians doing mischief. 
'^ July 6. — We had news to day that Cape Breton was taken 
the 27th of last month.* There is great rejoicing through the 
conntry. We fired our cannon five times, and spent the after- 
noon at the Fort rejoicing. 

' 7. — (Sunday) Our people on the neck were again all day 
rejoicing, and extravngantly blew off a vast quantity of pow- 
der, 

* Tbe expedition to Cape Breton was one of the most remarkablr event? in 
the history of North Aiiferica. It wM hazM*de us iii tbe attemi t,but f ttcceKsful 
in the exfiemioji. 



18.— Pablic Thailiugiviiig on acco|iiit ef Ae successes at 
^ape Breton. 

19. — We had an alarm to daj on account of an express 
from Capt. Bradbury, that advised of the Indians breaking 
out and killing a man and 40 cattle, and burning a garriseo 
and saw mill. This is the first mischief in this eastern coun- 
try, though two men have been killed at the westward this 
^summer. 

20.---For a fortnight past we have been exceedingly trou- 
bled with musquetoes. They would not suffer us to sleep. 

22. — Alarms continually on account of the Indians. 

SO. — A man was killed at Topsham, and a boy scalped. 

w^gust 1. — One Capt. Bean has a company that scouts 
from Saco to Presumpscot, and one Capt. Mocbun has anpth- 
,er that scouts from Presumpscot to Brunswick, besides (here 
are other companies that scout all along the frontier. 

5. — Indians were discovered at tiorhamtown. 

15. — Her Maiesty is this summer over at Hanover. The 
French drive all before them in Flanders, having retain tl|e 
most if not all the places, the Duke of Marlborough died last 
year, but then the war is all in our favor by sea. We halving 
taken, besides other rich priziss» seven East-ji^ianien and 
three South Sea men. 

23. — ^War with the Indians was proclaimed at Boston. 

The Indians killed a man and horse, at R,ed l^adows. 

Septemher^, — ^We have news of there beitm two Indiams 
killed and one taken at Georges. (Mem. The captive is 
Col. Job ; the killed. Col* Morris and Col. Sam. The ex- 
ploit was done by 19 of the inhabitants, under pnel^ieut. 
ProctorJ 

8. — (Sunday,) An alarm at North Yarmouth stopp^ the 
people. There was an Indian fired at, at Long Crec^i. 

15. — (Sunday,) Col. Cushlng's son ^^s shot. 

16. — We live very quiet on account of the Indians. 

19. — Public Fast on account of the Indian War. 

People seem wonderfully spirited to go out aAer the In« 
dians. Four companies in this town and many more in other 
towns are fitting for it ; the government offer 400 pounds for 
the scalp of a man tp those who go out at their own expense, 
and SI pounds to those whoJiave provision from the Prd- 
yince. 

30.— No Indian news since ihe 8th of this month, 

October 2. — ^We have not -heard of an Indian being any 
where upon this Eastern frontier ibr near a month, and there 
IS reason to think that immediately upon their breaking out, 
they went away to Canada. [The reasons are here given.] 



41 

a, — W« have news that 13 Indians appeared at Sfaeepscot 
Ust week, viz. Monday, and killed two men, and wounded a 
third, as they were gathering eorn. We hear too, that five In- 
dians were seen a day after at Cathans, so that I suppose they 
are now returned from Canada. , 

13. — *Tis generally a very sickly, dying time through the 
country, with the usUal nervous or slow fever. 

We have tidings daily of our people dying at Cape Breton, 
and of many coming home and dying after arrival. 

1 5. — Cap,t. Stephen Jones sailed with a company in que<^ 
of Penobscot Indians. 

SO. — (Sunday,) [Mr* Smith here appears to have been dis- 
couraged, and to fear that bis usefulness was over. He ob- 
serves that in his last prayer he said, a dead minister and a 
deadpeophf and prayed that God would set a man over the 
congregation tJiat wtndd do the people service. But in mak- 
ing the record of these expressions, heappearis to have blam- 
ed himself for using them ; he however added to his prayer, 
that while he continued he might he faithful, t would ob- 
serve here that in the course of Mr. Smithes Journal it appears 
he had some differences with two or three of his parish, in 
noting which, he expressed a concern lest he had given occa- 
sion for them, by something he said ; although he was not 
sensible of his having either said or done any thing that af- 
forded a just cause for them. They were however of short 
continuance, for in every instance they were happily compo- 
sed* This I mention to shew his regard to harmony and 
peace, as well as the conscious temper of his mind in the above 
instance.] 

/November 1. — Capt. Jones returned, having seen no In- 
dians. 

17. — (Sunday,) Pretty full meeting; had great assistances, 
P.M. 

St3. — About this time Lieut. Jordan's wife perished in the 
sea, with two more women and three men from a sloop bouna 
to Boston. 

S8. — ^Mr. Leavit was ordained at Salem about this time, 
with vast disturbance. 

December 1. — We have news of the Indians (to the number 
•f 900) destroying a Butch village near Albany, of 30 fami- 
lies. 

If. -—Several children have died of the quincy and throat 
(distemper. 

4* 



42 
1746. 

Jahudfy 11. — Mr. White came home and brought sad 
ii«ws. The success of the rebels, having taken Edinburg, 
and made a bloody sacrifice of all the people within SOmiles, 
and beioe 13,000 strong, Sec. 

* 2S.^-Wehear that the sickness at Louisburg increases 
much ; and that Capt. Cutter is dead. 

28. — Read all the newspapers, which confirm the sad ac- 
counts of the rebellion in Scotland. 

Fthraary IS. — ^There is a scout of 200 men from the 
western towns, under one Stephens, who are to penetrate the 
frontiers of Canada. 

18. — ^From the newspapers to-day, I learn that the Wool-- 
wich man of war had taken and carried into St. Kitts, a 
Spanish Galleon, worth a million sterling ; that the King of 
l^russia is suing for peace, and that the troops from Gibraltar 
for Louisburg, were arriving in several parts of America. 

March 18. — Parish meeting. Most of the principal per- 
sons were for allowing me £50 on account of keeping me out 
of my salary for two years past, but *** opposed ami prevented 
it. 

[The best of men have some enemies.] 

April 19. — ^This morning 10 Indians killed Brtant (of Gor- 
hamtown) and four of his children, and took or kilted bis wifb 
and Reed and Cloutman, which puts the people in great 
Surprise. 

May 2.-— Mr. Longfellow was agreed with, [as a school 
master] for another year at £^00 per annum. 

6. — I sat sail this evening in Wait's sloop, for BoStoit. 
(Returned the 17th.) 

21. — Mr. Cooper was ordained. News came to us this 
morning that the Indians had burnt aH the Houses at Broad 
Bay, and killed cattle at Pemaquid. 

23. — News came from Georges, that the Indians had fallen'' 
on a company of our men, killed one and wounded a second ; 
and that our people killed, an Indian which they scalped, and 
Wounded a second, which 'tis hoped is dead. 

27.-^New» from Sheepscot,that five persons returning from 
meeting, were fired upon by 1 5 Indians, who killed one and 
mortally wounded a second, which second killed an Indian aa 
the Indian was comin^c to kill him. 

June 6. — ^Two soldiers were killed by the Indians at the 
side of Westcoai's field, [at Long Creek.] There were 25 
soldiers in the field, besides Westcoat's own folks, and only "7 
Indians drove them all — scalped the two men, took theit 



43 

tiotiies and three guns ; (after Skillin, Stephen lirisb, and 
one or more of our men had courageously stood and made a 
few fires) the Indians never supposed there were so many men 
there, but only Westcoat's hands. 

9. — I see by the governor's proclamation, that the govern- 
ment has voted to support 8000 volunteers in the present 
expedition. New-Hampshire 1000 ; Connecticut 600 ; 
Rhode-Island 400. Heard that £000 French and Indians, 
were designing to-morrow, to make a powerful attack upon 
our frontiers. The news that alarms us, comes to us from 
Capt. Saunders, viz. That a young Indian taken captive^ 
declared it to us. 

10. — An Indian was seen and fired at three times out of 
Mr. Frost's garrison, [at Stroudwater.] 

Id. — ^This neighborhood are now building a block-bouse 
near Mr. Larabee's for the common defence. 

1^. (Sunday) — An Indian was seen and fired at by N. 
Crocket, near the Causeway, by Chapman's, [near what is 
now called the Horse-tavern] upon which account a great 
number of our men were absent from meeting, and pursuing 
him. 

lO.-rOur people seem more awakened and alarmed on 
account of the Indians than ever tbey have been. It is th« 
same scout of Indians that are still upon our back, and which 
did the mischief at Gorhamtown. They grow exceeding 
bold, having no check as yet. 

17. — I was at New-Casco at the funeral of Mr. Joseph 
Sweat, who yesterday P. M. was killed by the Indians near 
Bfanchard's, at N. Yarmouth. Merriconeag, we think, was 
attacked this mormng, there being continual firing there, and 
from thence to N. Yarmouth. 

^.•^-The expedition to Canada goes on in this Provhiee, 
but slowly ; our people being dispirited on account of tbe^ 
sickness and their unfair ti«atment at Cape-Breton. 

July 4. — ^We had news that the rebellion is defeated. It 
was on the 16th April, when the Duke obtained a conoplete 
victory, having lost but 300, and the rebels 2900, with many of 
the principal officers. 

[Mr. Smith seems to have been in low spirits on two of th» 
. Sabbaths this month '* and ready to give up," yet said he, '* I 
do not learn that the people perceive it."] 

August 2. — The Indians came upon Mr^ Proctor's iolks 
and we hear that they have killed one. 

0. — Godfrey discovered an Indian in the swamp behinci 
Bracket's. 

9. — Philip Greely was killed. 28 Indians, (some say S2) 
were seen together by Mr. Wier^# 



44 

11.1 — ^To-day fre were sdl in arms going to N. Yarmoutlii 
bearing it was attacked ; but it proved to oe the Indians kilU 
Ing hogs. An Indian fired at Weston, just by the neck. 

19*— Our men were this P. M. in a scout searciiing tbo 
twamp between the Bracket's. 

IS. — ^Two Frenchmen and an Indian fired on Mr. Allea 
DoTer, coming through the bog from Black-point, and be 
fired twice on them, and 'tis thought killed one of them. 

HO. — I attended a fast at Purpoodock, on occasion of the 
drought, and preached P. M. but was in such a clouded dark 
frame as (I think) 1 never was at any other time. 

S6. — ^This afternoon Mr. Stubbs and a soldier with him, 
were killed by the Indians on the backside of his house. It is 
thought the same Indians that killed Greely. 

Septewher 12. — We have news that Cloutman and the 
other Gorhamtown captive are well at Canada. 

21. — Boston is now alarmed with tidings of a French fleet 
that was seen off Cape Sable. 

25. — Mr. Waite came in and brought news that Boston is 
all in an uproar, that 700 men came in on Monday, and that 
10,000 were expected in by Tuesday night, and that gentle- 
tnen are sending their principal effects into the country. 

28. — Mr. Gordon biingsnews that 15000 men are already 
got into Boston ; that all shops and ware-houses are shut up, 
and that they are fortifying the end of Long Wharf. 

£9. — SaleiB, Marblehead and Cape-Ann, are in great dis- 
tress, sending away their effects, &&c. 

Octuhtr 5. — Our people are now alarmed-. 

6. — Town meeting about sending away the records. I had 
concluded to send away my family to Harwich, but my wife 
negatived it. 

8. — ^We are packing up the'principal of our effects to send 
tbem with the family to Newbury. 

11. — ^We are only waiting for an opportunity to go to New- 
Ibury. 

1ft. — Public fast on occasion of the French fleet, &c. We 
have now certain advice that they are in Jebucta, fortifying. 
T)uit Annapolis is besieged,and that there is a mortal epidem- 
ical sickness among the French, and their Admiral dead. 

17. — ^My wife never concluded 'till to-day not to move 
away. 

«5. — Mr. Waite brought news from Boston, that a storm 
cast two of the transports on shore, on the Isle of Sable ;^ that 
two of the large men of war (of the Jebucta fleet) had parted 
vith their masts* ; and that a reigning mortal sickness had 

*tbc7 were overtaken by a Tiolent tempest off Cape^ble, and Wbat sfalpt 
(capM dcstractioB itMreed singly to France. 



)M«iltaaMn|»^MB. tAIltof which emiraljr>diMQiice«ttd iten 
in their. nuBusuresiaDd obliged them to stay^ lo lone at Jebucta* 
But upon taking one of our vessels, and hearing that the.Eng- 
■■ lish .fleet were puraiuing them, they hurried out^ 'and4hat the 
disappointment had caused the Duke D'AnviUe to.poisctti 
hioueif, and the next Admiral to £aU onhisrsword, and to hum 
a 60 gun ship. 

yVbvem&er '90. (Sunday) — ^I am.quite.dbcoursged, myToice 
. failing by reason of a rheumatic hoarseness. 

.Iketmber 7, rSundayV^Thin meeting, and growing more 
and more so. Public Worsh^ is like to drop ; for in .the 
.alimniei people. fear to come, because. of the; Indians, -and in 
the winter they cannot come. 

[This ends the journal of a year,. replete /wlth.Aeeoaatsof 
war ^ukI wasV alarm . ] 

1747. ^ 

JeeniMfry. [No ertnts ^ toy inportanee ftre-netieed thii 
^fliemh.] 

FDbruary M.— 'People think I amtn earaesi iiboat l6aWil{ 
'them and I think 90 too. I am t|ttite-disoourag^, my 'V'oice 
Jb gone. 

£0. — ^We have melancholy news of our troops at M eais, 
▼iz. that an army of 000 French and Indians in the nieht^ur- 
'prised them and killed 69, took 50 with two sloops that htfd 
onr ammunition, itc and obliged the rest of our amy to 
capitulate. Our army consisted of about 500. Col. Noble* 
and our Oapt. Jones was killed and many of this county* 

td. — Visited and prayed with Mrs. Gilroan, on occaeionef 
^the death of her aon Moses, wh9 was killed at Menii with 
eeveral others. 

We hear father Hall .9|id Roberts of this place lately died 
at Annapolis. God is weakening us exceedingly, •and griev- 
ously thinning our small numbers in this country, fiveiy 
thing in God's Providence looks dark and distressing* 

Mardi 9. — Annual Parish Meeting. TMr. Smith here fakes 
a thankful notice of the harmony of the parish, and thehr 
liberality towards him in voting £150, new tenor /instead off 
i&400 old tenor^ for his salary, of which he gave £100 old 
tenor to New Gasco for preaching six months with them, 
which was kindly accepted.] 

16. — Mr. Waite with several others were to see me, com- 
mending my. Sermon, kc. There is a surprising turn to the 
People's countenances. T'^^ughts, words and actions to* 

* HIl lofs WM 60 UUed, and 50 wounded. 



v-*rr*- 



46 

wavds me. Thanks lo God. [The toro was doubtless ima^- 
nary, for none of these things appears to have been against 
bim.J 

25. — ^The people came and fitted three swivel guns in v^y 
boxes. 

^ril 13. — ^The Indians first were discovered (aboul 8) 
and killed a yoaag man, one Dresser at Scarborough. 

14. — We are all in alarm to dajr. Every where Indians 
are seen. They took W. Knights and two Sons at Sacaribig. 

17. — ^The Indians one day this week killed Mr. £lliot and 
Son and carried away one Murch. 

18. — I was present at the taking off the hand of one 
Doubleday by the Doctor of the mast ship. 

19. — (Sunday) Very thin meeting ; people fearing to com«, 
partly by reason of what the Indians have done and parrly 
they having some time since resolved to keep at home. This 
being the fatal day, as people universally looked upon it, on 
which the Indians first do mischief, and on which they did 
it last year, but none was done now. 

£1.— The Indians to day (about 10) killed Mr. Foster and 
aarried away his wife and six children. They killed several 
cattle. Our folks pursued them, they say there were 50. 

22. — We are all alarmed again. In the evening one 
Stephen Bailey was fired upon by seven Indians near Long 
Creek. 

23. — I prayed with a company of young men (viz. 26) who 
are now going out under the command of Capt. Ilsley in 
.pursuit of the Indians ; may God give them success. 

A scout of men are now out from N. Yarmouth, another 
going out from Purpoodock. We are in the most distressed 
circumstances. Swarms of Indians being about the frontier, 
and no soldiers save Capt. Jordan's Company of 50 men, 30 
of whom have been for sometime at Topsham, guarding the 
government timber. 

24. — ^The Indians are spread all over the frontier from 
Topsham to Wells. 

May 2. — Five Indians have this week killed two women. 

5. — The Indiaiis killed a man (one Hinkley) at New Mea- 
dows and chased one yesterday at Wells, in the heart of the 
town, 

7. — ^The Indians fired upon a man in Dunston. 

8. — We hear the Indians yesterday at Damariscotta took a 
man and killed his wife and daughter-in-law. 

9. — The Indians at Topsham fired upon a canoe in which 
they killed two men and greatly wounded one more, only a 
won^an escaped unhurt. 

19. — Capt. Ilsley and Morris are out with scouts pursqiog; 



47 

the Iiidiali. The former takes two n^hale txhrts to gb> to 
Sebago. 

£S. — ^We have been for some time pretty quiet as to the 
Indians. 

The Canada men are still coming dowD apd sent^ut in 
scouts after Indians. 

25. — ^We are now alarmed again with a certain account of 
the French Fleet. 

S6. — We have news tliat Friday last, the Indians killed at 
Pemaquid our Mr. John and Joseph Cox, Vincent, Smith 
and Weston of Purpoodock and five men of the Fort,and took 
Dyer, Mayo and Cox of this town, and only a lad and Mr. 
Lowell escaped, the latter exceedingly wounded. 

29. — We have now hews that neither the French nor Eng- 
lish Fleet are like to come to America. 

June 15.— Sailed for, and 16th arrived at Boston. Came 
from there the 26th, and got home the 29th. 

July 1. — ^The whole frontier was thrown into surprise by 
alarm; Some Indians discovered by Capt. Smith at SaCo. 

7.— We have news of admirals Warren and Anson takin^^ 
six India ships, with their convoys, from France. 

•Sugttst 20.~*-Oui captives came home from Canada ; 171 
came in a large ship from Quebec and 90 more are coming ; 
90 left sick and 70 are dead. 

We have accounts from Canada that but eight or nine of the 
French Fleet that escaped admiral Anson and Warren. The 
whole Fleet consisted of 3& ships. All designed to recruit 
Canada, and reduce Annapolif. They had 1000 stand of 
arms ; 7000 suits of clothes with stores of ammunition, &tc. 
Thus is Annapolis and this part of the country saved sur- 
prisingly a 4tb tiraev Glory to the all disposing Providence 
of God. 
The India ships were immensely rich, having a million and 
" a half in specie. Admiral Anson*s share come to £60,000. 
' 26. — We have news that admiral Warren and commodore 
Fox have taken a great many of the French West India 
sugar ships. 

27. — ^The Indians took Wm. Bolton and wounded a lad of 
Mr. Mayberry's at Marblehead, [now Windham]. There ap- 
peared to be 27 French and Indians. 

Sepiemher S.r— We have an express that Wednesday last in 
^ the morning, the French and Indians, about 50, killed three 
men and wounded two, at Pemaquid ; after which they attack- 
ed the Fort for two hours. 

21— The Indians m^ved oflfupon their taking Wm. Bolton, 
for we have heard nothing of them since. I piurpose hearii^g 
by hira of the Canada soldiers'-^discouraged them. 



48 

'#0Mer«.i— I prayed. with tbe Court, P;M*'J!ustke€k(Ae 
drunk all day. 

7.<— The. Caoftda officers ^^(in to moye off. 

J^&vtmber 1 1. — ^Brigadier Waldo went off with DoctOHvtr 
and Mr* Wbeatoiu. 

24.— (Sunday^ I preached a funeral sermon on the occa- 
sion of tiKMe oignt niuiister^that :bave died within a year, viz, 
Messrs. Fitch, Shurtlef, Rogers, Tappan, Colman, Tukinson. 
Moody and IViswell. 

Deeernber 9. — The Town-house at Boston was burnt. 

[The Journal of this month contains two pages exceeding- 
ly crowded, but nothing so interesting as to require notice 
among these extracts, upon the general plfui on which they 
hare hitherto heen made.] 

1748. 

Januarv 6. — Wt have- news (via iW. Indies,) that Commo^ 
dqre Hawke fell in with the Martinico fleet of £00 sail, four days 
from Brest, and took six ships of the line and two frigates. — 
The merchantmen escaped with only one ship of the line and 
one frigate. 

C'tpt. Pearson brings news from JBoston of Admiral Hawk, 
having a few days after the success abovementionedi taken 6 
men of war with their transports; 

9. — The difficulties of Itring daily increase, nnrighteousness 
and oppression are breaking out like a deluge. 

There is no standard, but e?ery man is getting what he can. 

10. — ^The prices of the necessaries of life (through tht de- 
preciation of money) do daily monstrously increase. 

SI.— {Sunday.) I preached at Biddeford. 

Fthruary 5. — ^1 was at prayer with Justice Moody; walked 
there in snow shoes. They thought he was dying. 

1 l.^-There is asurprising body of snow upon the ground. 

£0.*-<-Justice Moody died this morning. 

27. — Went to Saccarapig. Mr. Conant tells me he has 
ground 1000 bushels of Corn this winter, there being no othet* 
mill than his, between North-Yarmouth and Saco. ^ 

[Although but little is here noticed from the Journal of this 
month, the pages are particularly filled with accounts of 
the weather, and the difficulties attending the great depth of 
the snow.] 

March, — [Mr. Smith, this month seems to have been moeh » 
disheartened in his pulpit, apprehending that he is slighted by 
his people ; but he says,] 
'l7.«-Pansb meeting. They voted me £60ft. 



4d 

[A very full aceouot of the weatker is contained in the pagei 
of this month.] 

^pril 18. — I was at prayer with Mr. Gary, who died while 
I was there. 

May 3. — Capt. Burnel was killed by the Indians at Bruns- 
wick, and with him . 

16. — I sailed for Boston with Capt. Ephraira Jones. 

June 9. — He returned. 

20. — Indian Corn is now 30s. a bushel ; Flour £10 a hun- 
dred. 

The Indians killed one Eaton and took at N. Yar- 
mouth, and burnt all the houses eastward of Wier's. There 
was an hundred of them. They way laid the whole road to 
New-Casco. 

21. — I was to see Lambert who is awakened and wrought 
upon. [This is not the only person that was awakened by 
Mr. Smith's preaching.] 

23. — A melancholy dry time ***. This and the mischiefs 
done by the Indians, make it a dark time indeed. 

July 2. — We had news that the preliminaries of Peace are 
agreed on, and a cessation of arms. Happy tidings ! 

8. — ^I have been to prayer with one Whitney, who was 
wounded by the Indians, and died this night. 

31. — ^The lightning killed Mrs. Hicks and her child. Mr. 
Giddings was much burnt and near dead. None escaped un- 
hurt but a little child, which by crying brought in the people, 
who found Mrs. Hicks and 3 of her children prostrate on the 
hearth, and Mrs. Giddings appeared dead. 

August 4.-^1 don't know whether I was ever so hurried in 
the ministry, so constantly praying with the sick and at funer- 
als. [This frequency of prayer continued during the month.] 

September 1. — There is an asthmatic quincy prevailing on 
this week among the children, that proves dreadfully mortal. 

24. — I have not been in my study this week, only yesterday 
P. M. I am out all day visiting and praying with the sick. 

November 9. — Nine children have lately died at N. Yar- 
mouth, with the canker ail. 

7.---I am hurried perpetually with the sick ; the whole 
practice rests on me, and God gives me reputation with satis- 
faction of mind, as being a successful instrument in his hands. 

December 12. — We tapped the barrel of Wine sent us by 
Messrs. Frost, Fox, Wheeler, Noice, Pearson, Wait, Usley, 
Berry and Dalton. 

[Thus. ends the few extracts from the journal of this year, 
Jiot, to the public, so gloomy and distressing as the two last.] 

5 



50 
1749. 

January ^2,. — (Sunday.) I labor for want of breath, being 
grievously oppressed at my breast. I raise much, and have 
a continual cough all this month, which with my other com- 
plaints quite dishearten me. 

February 4. — Maj. Freeman came home from the General 
Court, and brought with him the new Act for drawing in all 
the paper currencies, by the exchange of silver. 

16. — Yesterday one Mrs. Deering of Bluepoint was found 
barbarously murdered ; 'tis supposed by her husband. 

March 14. — Town Meeting. Maj. Freeman, chosen Treas- 
urer ; Capt. Pearson, Clerk ; Col. Cushing, Strout, Cotton, 
Snow and Thompson, Selectmen. 

15. — Parish meeting. The people raised my salary £50 
viz ; to j650. 

£3. — Annual Fast. I had uncommon assistance, especially 
in the first prayer ; I was about an hour, and I was an hour and 
a half in sermon. ^ 

26. — (Sunday.) I could not speak in mornmg sermon, 
I told the people they were convinced of the necessity of 
looking out for another Minister. 

Aprd 13. — Mr. Joshua Freeman sent in near 3 gallons of 
choice Madeira Wine. 

[Several other presents are particularly mentioned this 
month.] 

May, — [Visiting and receiving visits of friends, and visiting 
and praying with the sick, were the prmcipal subjects of the 
Journal this month, besides accounts of the weather which 
occupy nearly a full page of every month.] 

Junt 15. — Public Fast on account of the drought. 

Jvdy 6. — ^The Indians are now at Boston, treating about 
peace. They have taken a boy and killed a man on the wes- 
tern frontier. 

25. — My wife came home from Boston. She brings good 
news, that the entire prospect of nature is changed at the 
westward from the brink of a dreadful ruin and absolute fam- 
ine, never more suddenly and signally saved. Thanks to God. 

August 9. — I went with Peter, in a float, to Nevv-Casco to 
visit Mr. Blackston. 

24. — Public Thanksgiving on account of the great mercy 
in the late seasonable and Refreshing rains. 

30. — Sailed for Boston with Mr. Bradburv. 

September 14. — Got home (from Boston.) 

28. — The Commissioners came to town, viz : Mr. Hutch- 
inson, Choat, Williams, Otis, Downing and Hutchinson. Mr. 
Welstead, Chaplain ; Col. (Jotton, Clerk. 



61 

30. — ^The town is full of company. 

October 1. — (Sunday.) Mr. Welsted preached P. M. 

2. — Contribution yesterday Jl7 15s. 

6. — Mr. Russel and New, went away, as did a great part of 
the company in town, being tired Waiting for the Indians. 

10. — The Commissioners spent P. M. here. There is but 
very little company in town. 

14. — ^The Norridj^ewock Indians came this morning. The 
Treaty opened P. M. in the Meeting-House. 

16 — The Treaty was finished this evening. 

17.— I dined with the Commissioners. The presents were 
delivered to the Indians. 

19. — Peter sailed this morning with the Commissioners in 
Saunders. 

November. — [On several Sabbaths in the course of tliis 
month, Mr. Smith, complained of weakness of body and de- 
pression of mind.] 

December 3, — Mr. Paddeshal kept Sabbath here, but did 
not preach. 

[Here closes the short Journal of a year, a year exempted 
from the distresses of war, and favored with a Peace with the 
Norridgewock Indians. 

Although the Extracts are few, the labor of the jour- 
nalist was not diminished ; indeed it seems to have increased, 
for the pages are fuller, although the subjects of them are not 
so generally interesting at the present day.] 

1760. 

Prefi?^ed to the Journal for this year, is the following 
memorandum. 

I was born the lOth of March, A. D. 1701—2. 

I was admitted into College, July, 1716. 

Took my first degree, 1720. 

I began to preach April 19, 1722. 

I came to Falmouth, June 22, 172&* 

I was ordained March 8, 1727. 

I was married Sept. 12, 1728. 

My Father died Feb. 19, 1741—2. 

My Wife Oct. 1, 1742. 

I was married 2d time, March 1, 1743 — 4. 

Thomas went to Boston, April 12, and was bound [to Mr. 
Scolley] for 6 years and 9 months, July 3, 1750. 

William, went to Mr. Grant, Nov. 24, 1750. 

January 11. — ^There has been a great uproar about the 
men that killed the Indians at Witchcassit, they having been 



62 

rescued by some of our people from the officers, and to day 
after currenderins themselves to Capt. Bean, at Truck-house, 
were carried to York. 

29. — I sat out with Maj Freeman, for a ride (to York.) 

February 1. — Mr. Lyman has been lately ordained at York. 

3. — I rode home. 

£2. — A special Supreme Court at York, for the tri^ of the 
men that killed the Indians. 

March 11. (Sunday) — I spake with vast difficulty, and the 
populace wonderfully slighted me. [As he thought.] 

15. — Annual fast. Had uncommon assistance, was an hour 
in each of the first prayers. Never was I darker and more 
discouraged before the day came ; my^ voice, freedom and 
iluency being all gone. I make a minute of it to record Ged^s 
goodness, always to excite my thankfulness and trust in him. 

27. — Parish meeting ; they raised my salary £56 to £700, 
some opposition : though £800 was urged by several. 

Jlpril 2. — ^This day the Province treasury is open, and silver 
is given out for our Province bills, which now cease to pass. 
This is the most remarkable epoch of this Province. Its 
affairs are now brought to a crisis. 

10. — Mr, Roberts, Jind Mr. Newman last week died sud- 
denly. It is remarkable bow many disastrous events and 
sudden deaths have been in this place within a year or two : 
tliis is the tenth. 

May 5. — I have been drinking tar water for more than a 
week, and find myself surprisingly better ; the soreness of my 
vitals is gone, and I feel hardly any pain. 

27. — (Sunday^ I fear I was too fervent, and I think greatly 
slighted. [This was an apprehension frequently expressed ; 
but from good reasons that might be offered, I think it was 
more imaginary than real.] 

June 15. — I rode to York. Abbe was acquitted to the great 
surprise of the court, who continued the other two prisoners 
to be removed for a trial elsewhere. This unhappy affair 
gives this country an ill name, and 'tis feared will bring on a 
war. 

21. — Rode to Newberry. An epidemic cold prevails. 

26. — Rode to Boston. 'Tis a time of great perplexity and 
distress here on account of the sinking otthe paper currency. 
There is a terrible clamor, and things are opening for the 
extremest confusion and difficulties. The merchants, shop- 
keepers and others in Boston, having for some years past, got 
money easily and plentifully by the abundance of that frau- 
dulent and iniquitous currency, and abandoned themselves 
to the utmost extravagance and luxury in all their way of 
living, are now in a sad toss, and make QUtragous complaints 
at the stop put to it by the late act. 



53 

Jtdy 6. — Mr. Tyng has been exceeding friendly to me as 
(I thank God) all my friends have been. 

July 14. — ^There is news of a brig full of people gone to 
Penobscot to settle there. 

August 31. — ^There seems to be a dismal storm gather- 
ing. The Penobscot Indians are in arms, to the number of 
150, and 60 Canada Indians came to join them, designing a 
blow. Families are moving from thence. A man of war of 
£0 guns is sent there from Boston. The French in a large 
brig were seen some time since going there. There were 
also two more brigs with soldiers, war-like stores, &>c. sailed 
from Louisburgh at the same time. Inhere was two 60, and 
-a 36 gun ship, £0 transports, and a ship with 300 women. 

September 8. — There was an alarm in the night at the lower 
occasioned by an express from Richmond, that an Indian had 
told them that in 48 Hours the Indians would break upon us, 
and that 60 Canada Indians were come to reinforce them. 

9. — (Sunday) Not a full meeting ; the people fearing to 
come. 

10. — We hear that on Saturday all Kennebec was in a 
blaze, a firing guns. People are universally moving to the 
garrison. 

11 — All the talk is about the Indians, and various accounts 
and expresses. It is said some have been seen at Gorham- 
town. 

13. — We have news from Witchcasset, that the Indians 
took (or killed] a man and a boy there to-day,and that a great 
fire was seen at Sheepscot, like the burning of the houses,and 
that the people heard alarm even to Pemaquid. 
. 14. — A man was taken this week by the Indians at Mac- 
quoit. 

16.— (Sunday) Captain Wheeler died. 

18. — Indians were discovered and pursued at Dunstable; 
the same (I guess) that were on Wednesday last seen at Gor- 
hamtown. 

20. — The Quakers had a meeting at Proctor's. Training 

^ay to impress 100 men here and at Scarborough, to scout 

from S^aco to Georges — Muggridge's doings. The people are 

in a sad ferment. An unwarrantable and ill-concerted thing. 

22.— Webb's son was taken at Marblehead [now Windham] 
by the Indians. 

£3. — Capt. Ilsley (who has the command of one of the 
eompanies) went into the woods to-day. 

26. — ^The Indians are discovered almost every day, 2 or 3 
together, in the back parts of the4own. 

30 — Mr. Roberts died, though perfectly well the night 
before : the 16th instance of a sudden death within^S years. - 
^5 * 



64 

October, — [A number of children died in the parish this 
month, 5 in one week.] 

November 18. — I was at prayer with Quimby's child,which 
is sick of a fever, that first broke put at Gorhamtown, where it 
was quite epidemical, hardly any escaping. 

20. — ^There are £5 persons sick at Gorhamtown garrison, 
four have died. 

£4. — The fever spreads now all over the parish. 

December 2, — I heard Capt. Preble was unusually aifeoted. 

26. — Mr. Lombard was ordained at Gorhamtown ; [Min- 
isters present, Messrs. Loring, Smith, (who preached) Allen, 
Thompson and Morrell.] 

[The ministerial duties of Mr. Smith must have been ardu- 
6us ; but he faithfully discharged them, and though he was 
sometimes dissatisfied with himself, and feared that his people 
were so with him, yet he always gave them remarkable 
satisfaction.] 



1751. 

January 24. — ^This winter [for its mildness] will go down 
memorable to posterity. 

February 14. — I rode to Biddeford. 

16. — Sat out for home, but my horse throwing me out of 
the ferry boat into the water, I was obliged to go back to Mr. 
Morrill's. I struck my face (and forehead especially) against 
a rock, which had it not been under water, would have dashed 
me to pieces. Ordered by the preserver of men. 

19. — Came home. 

March 27. — Attended Mr. Little's ordination. 

>^prill9. — We are alarmed with tidings of the Indians 
coming upon us. One was shot at by Mr. Haskill's negro, at 
Saccaribig. 

£0. — It is a sickly time at Scarborough. 

24. — It is a melancholy time as ever the country knew. 
1st. On account of the great convulsion and perplexities re- 
lating to a medium, some towns not having raised an^ money 
for public taxes, nor chosen officers. 2d. With respect to a 
war with the Indians. Sd. The epidemic fever. 4th. The 
•oldness and wetness of the^spring. 

May 7. — I catechised the children on the neck, abou^ 130. 

1 1 ,— Capt. Darling in a mast ship, came in. 

June 8. — Job Burnal was killed by the Indians on the road 
behind Capt. Merrill's, and hb horse also. 

July 10. — It is a tinie of health, and therefore » time of 
leisure with me. 



66 

27. — Vft have news of the Indians taking 7 persons oa 
Wednesday last, at the new meadows, viz. 3 Hinkley's, 2 
Whitnejr's, Purringtoh and Lombard. 

81. — ^The freshet has carried away many bridges, hay, kc. 
on Presumpscot river. Saccaribig bridge and the Presump- 
scot great dam broke. 

August 3. — People are quite mad in town, there beiug 50 
men pressed in Col. Cushing's regiment, and 100 more to be 
pressed, to escort and protect the proposed treaty. 

19. — I sailed for Boston in Wilson, log-laden with a tow 
of masts. 

£3. — We were becalmed off the Brewster till dark, and 
then a tempest arose northerly^ and a dismal night, much to 
be remembered ; may I never loose sight of the sense of it, 

£4. — Got to Boston. 

30.— Came away. 

Sl.-^Gotinto our harbor, sun near an hour high. 

September. — [Nothing particular.] 

October, — [Nothing that need be noticed.] 

November, — [Pages less filled than usual, and less impor- 
tant.] 

December, — [Fuller pages, but chiefly respecting ministerial 
duties.] 

[This year's journal notices but few events of much impor- 
tance, the chief of which are enumerated the S4th April. 
The complaints of Mr. Smith, as to his health and spirits, 
were much fewer than for some years past.] 

1762. 

Januwy 3. — ^Walked over to Col.Cushing's on the ice And 
might have rode in my sleigh, as I designed, but was dis- 
couraged. 

8. — A pleuretic fever prevafls (at Biddeford) and proves ex- 
ceedingly and remarkably mortal. 

14. — [Mr. Smith here gives an account of an excursion 
with his wife and others to N. Yarmouth and Brunswick on 
the ice, passing over Harrisicket Bay a-going, and venturing 
on their return to come directly from Brunswick across the 
Bay without Macquoit Island to New Casco, and over thence 
td the Beach home.'^] 

* This will giT« the reader an idea of extreme cold weather, bat the winter 
ef 1696, is said *^ to be ooldM' than had Hen known In New-England, since the 
fint arrival of the Sasrttsb; Dnrlag a giillat piirt wf it, sleighs and loaded sleda 
passed on the lee (com Boston as fiur as Naotasket. 



•mmmMUL^. .¥ . 



66 

21. — Last night there was a smart southerly wind which 
brought in a swell and broke the ice, and the ebb tide carried 
it away, so that the harbor is all open as high as across Capt. 
Pearsons' to Sawyer's Dock, and where the people were pass- 
ing yesterday — and where teams and horses might have pass- 
ed, there is no ice. 

Fehruurif 6. — Rev. Mr. Jeflferds of Wells, died last Satur- 
day of the pleuretic fever, which prevails there. 

March 2^. — We hear the small pox spreads at Boston, past 
all hope of stopping it. 

28. — 'Tis thought some thousands have been inoculated 
this week in Boston. 

April 8. — I sat sail for Boston in Goodwin. 10 — Arrived. 

14. — All business is laid aside in town. The streets deso- 
late, many of the shops shut up, and the people universally 
spend their time to attend the sick. 

16. — Tis said there are 3000 now inoculated.* A harvest 
time to the Doctors. 

23. — All the talk in all companies is about inoculation, the 
town is sadly divided about it. 

25. — I came away from Boston. 29. — Got home. 

28--'When I left Boston, 21 had died that had been inocu- 
lated,!, e. about 1 per cent. Sixteen died, of about 90, in the 
common Way t. e. about 1 in 6. 

May 4. — Capt. Saunders has a man on board sick of the 
small pox. 

June 16. — At Wells, the town concurred with the church 
in the choice of Mr. Fair weather. 

July 2. — Public Fast on account of the Small Pox and 
Fever prevailing. 

By contribution we gathered £47 10s. O. T. for the poor 
of Boston. 

August — [There is but little in this month besides an ac- 
count of a journey with his wife to Boston from 11th to 25th. 
The design of the journey was a visit to Mr. Plaisted at York, 
who with his wife have been very ill a great while.] 

September 2. — I rode with Major Freeman and Peter to 
Marblehead [Windham] a pigeoning — we got near ten dozen. 

Mem. New Style by Act of Parliament took place the 
3d of this month, which shortened it 11 days. [The days are 
numbered 1, 2, 14, &lc.] 

October 24.— The Commissioner (viz. Col. Wendall, Capt, 
Watts, Judge Russell and Mr. Hubbart) having been to 
Georges and ratified the Peace, put in here, and I dined and 
spent the day with them. 

* Holmei nys, 2109, of whon 81 di^; 5544 had H in the u^wnl way, of 
whom 614 died. The tojal number of inhabitants in Boston was n,S7i. 



67 

JStofoemher 16. — ^Public Thanksgiving. I could not speak 
in Ser. and gave the blessing without the last singing. I am 
quite discouraged (mem. I hear the ser. was uncommonly ad- 
mired by strangers and others.) 

• [See an observation at the end of the year 1750.] 

[From the paucity of extracts this year, it is not to be 
concluded that the entries were few ; for they were nearly as 
minute and numerous as common, though not so interesting. 
Domestic Concerns, social interviews with his friends, offi- 
cial duties and accounts of the seasons, &&c. furnished suffi- 
cient matter to fill the pages of this year's journal] 

1763- 

January ^b, — Our two School-masters (Mr. Longfellow 
and Mr. Wiswell) opened their Schools on Monday 2£d. 

February 37. — Last night Maj. Freeman's Warehouse was 
consumed by Fire. 

It is a time of dismal scarcity for Bread. 

March 14. — We are relieved from the distress for want of 
Bread, a sloop and schooner having arrived, [with a suf^ly of 
Corn, I suppose.] 

April 10. — We have an epedemic illness prevailing, called 
the rash. Thank God, it is in so few instances mortal. 

27. — I am incessantly every day, (except yesterday) at 
prayer with the sick. 

May 22. — Capt. Preble was chosen Representative. 

June. — [The Journal of a trip to Boston from 14th to 18th, 
takes up the chief of the page for that month. The rest of it 
has nothing material.] 

July. — [I need not make any extracts from the Journal of 
this month ] 

August 11. — Gov. Shirley returned from England, where 
hfi had been about 4 years. 

September. — [Less matter, (and less of it for extracts) in the 
Journal of this month, than usual.] 

October 2. — I went in a whaleboat to Mericoneag, with our 
three young Deacons.* 

[*Who these three " yoang^ Deacons" were, I dont know. It appears by the 
Records of the Ohurch, that the foUowiog persons were appointed to that office 
at the times here mentioned— viz : 
1727— Samuel Cobb, | 1744— Samu«>l Moody, 

1729— Henry Wheeler, | Willhim Cotton, 

Benjamin York, [ 1751— Jamei Milk, 



58 

28. — (Sunday.) Not a full meeting P. M. I was earnest 
and blundered in reading my notes, and was (perhaps) vapou- 
ry, and thought the people slighted me much, tho' my wife 
don't think so. 

[I make this extract to confirm a sentiment I have before 
expressed.] 

J^wernhtr 1. — Annual Thanksgiving ; had great assistanee. 

23. — Capt. Ross brought his family to live here. 

fi4. — Capt. S. Waldo came here. 

26. — ^New-Cdsco was voted off a Parish. 

December 8. — Dined at Deacon Cottons ; had a splendid 
entertainment. 

13. — I reckoned up the families of the Parish, and there 
were S02, and New-Casco being set off (62 families) there re- 
mains 240, 120 of whom are on this Neck, 8 on the Islands, 
21 on Back-Cove, 48 ia Stroudwater Parish (including Long- 
creek) and the remaining scattered on Presumpscot and Back- 
of-the-Cove families, and in Purpoodock 300 families. In 
the whole town 500 families. 

[Several Presents made to Mr. Smith, are mentioned in the 
Journal for this month ; and I would observe, that, (generally 
speaking) such notices are common in every month of the 
year] 



1764. 

January 11. — I rode to Doughty's and prayed. They have 
lost three children of the throat distemper, a fourth is very 
dangerous. 

February 26. — I sat out with my wife and Peter for York. 

27. — Mr. Richardson was ordained (at Wells.) I began 
with prayer. Mr. Loring preached. 

. March 13. — I got home well. I have every where in my 
journey met with great kindness and respect. 

19. — We are now raising six companies of soldiers [mak- 
ing collectively 800] to cover the eastern frontiers, the Indians 
having lately appeared surly and threatening at Richmond, 
and the Government being apprehensive, they design to break 
upon us. The new settlement of the Plymouth patent is the 
provocation. 

Samuel Cobb, Jr. | 1781— Richard CodmaOt 

1769— Nathaniel G. Moody, j Samuel Freeman, 

Benjamia Tiicooib, | 1799U-. Woodbury Storer. 



59 

Jipi-il 4. — Annual Fast, gad wonderful assistance, spoke 
easy, and in high spirits. Thank God who has appeared to 
help me last Sabbath and to day. 

May 6. — Mr, Allen died. 

9. — ^Was buried. 

22. — Sailed to day for Cape-Ann. 

27. — Got to Boston. 

June 13. — Returned from Boston. 

18. — We have been painting and fitting up our House (or 
the Treaty which is approaching. 

21. — The Norridgewock Indians came here (42 in all and 
25 men.) 

24. — Several of the Transports (that have the soldiers from 
Kennebec) got in to day. 

25. — Eight hundred soldiers got in and encamped on Bangs' 
Island. 

26. — The Governor [Dunimer] got in this morning. P. M. 
came on shore, lodges at Mr.' Fox's. 

27. — The Government dined in the Court Chamber. 

28, — Yesterday and to day we had a vast concourse dined 
with us, at our own expence. I dined with the Governor* 

29. — ^The Government yesterday met the Norridgewock 
Indians, and to day proposed to them the building of the 
Fort at Teuconic. 

30. — (Sunday.) Parson Brockwell preached A. M. and 
carried on in the Church form. I preached P. M. 

July 1. — The Norridgewocklndiansgave their answer, and 
refuse the Forts being built at Teuconic. 

2. — The Treaty was signed between the Governor and the 
Norridgiswock Indians. 

I dined with the Governor. Mr. Thompson, Elvin and 20 
others, dined with us at my expence. 

3. — The Indians had their dance. Three young men of 
the Norridewock tribe went to Boston, and the rest returned 
home. 

5. — ^The Penobscot Indians came (15 men) and the Gov- 
ernment met them in the Meeting-House. 

6. — ^The Treaty was finished. Seven gentlemen went up 
the bay, and others to Boston. 

8. — ^The ship sailed with Mr. Danforth, Oliver, Bourn and 
Hubbard from us, and the whole body of Representatives. 

9. — Mr. Iiangdon and Doct. Dearborn here. I paid the 
latter £252 for John's living with him. 

14. — (Sunday.) Mr. Brockwell preached. He gave great 
offence, asfo his doctrine. Our Fishermen are all Bed home, 
alarmed with the news of a French war proclaimed at Hali- 
fax. 



60 

17. — The Governor went to North-Yarmouth and returned 
at night. 

19. — I dined with the Governor. The Governor drank tea 
with us. The ships returned. Mr. Wheelwright, Lincoln, 
and Minot of the Council ; Hancock and others. 

£3. — ^The Governor dined at Col. Cushings. The rain 
prevented me. 

28. — Mr. Erwin came to town, and Mr. Storer who lodged 
with us. Capt. Osborn sailed for Boston, having paid me 
near ^100 for my House. 

August 30. — The Governor and the gentlemen with him, 
sailed in Saunders for Kennebec, to visit Cushnoc and Teuco- 
nic Forts.* 

September 3- — ^The Governor returned from Kennebec. 

8. — The Governor sailed with Col. Masquerene, Mr. Brock- 
well, Mr. Wheelwright, Richmond, Charisb, Minot and* 
Price. 

Thus ended a Summer's scene of as much bluster as a Cam- 
bridge Commencement, and now comes on a vacation when 
our House and the town seems quite solitary. 

12. — I attended a Fast at Purpoodock preparatory to the 
settlement of a Minister, (other ministers, Thompson, Morrill 
and Lombard.) 

October 5. — I have spent a good deal of time at Court to 
hear the cases between the Plymouth and the Pejepscot Pro- 
prietors. The former left them. Gridley for the former, 
Otis for the latter. 

7. — I sat out out on a Journey [to Portsmouth] 

12. — Returned. 

16. — ^The Church at Purpoodock made choice of Mr. Hol- 
yoke,to be their Minister by a majority of one vote. 

21. — I had the melancholly tidings to day that my son Wil- 
liam died last Wednesday night. 

The Parish at Purpoodock concurred with the Church by 
the majority of two votes. 

November 5. — A smart Storm with a deluge of rain and 
thunder and lightning in the night. N. B. There has been 
the least thunder the Summer past that has been for years. 

December 8. — (Sunday.) The W — 's make a wretched 
practice of spending P. M. together with others, carousing. 

15. — Purpoodock Parish is in a sad situation, dismally di- 
vided and quarrelling. 

*He went 40 miles above Norridgewock,<but found no French Fort. He 
erected one at Teuoonic wliicb was named Fort Halifax, another at Cushnoc- 
i)a«ned Fort Weston. Minot, 



61 
1765. 

January 16. — Peter began to keep school on the Neck. 

February 2. — Several of our people went over to Purpoo* 
dock to hear Mr. Clark. 

14. — Justice Noice died this evening, 

March 10. — ^I received a letter from the Secretary inform- 
ing me that the Governor and Council had warned me to 
preach the next Election Sermon. 

AprU 7. — Mr, Fo3i: died last night. 

^5. — Mr. Clark (who returned to Purpoodock on Tu^day) 
gave his answer to day. 

SO.— 'Mr. Moss was ordained at Berwick. T^his is a day 
much to be remembered, ^he Indians having done mischief 
^pon it, viz. killed the Peales,.Briant and family at Gorham- 
town. 

j^ay 8. — ^There was a Council at Purpoodock to day, Mr. 
lioring Hovey,. Morril and myself, with delegates. 

15. — We have news that the Indians on Tuesday last took 
two men and burnt a house at Frankfort, 

18. — f Sunday,) Thin meeting, many having gone yester- 
"day, and fearing to be pressed, to Sabago, and New Boston, 
[now Gray,] a report alarming vl% Qf the latter's being de« 
stroyed. 

^^.-.Qur forces sailed from Boston for Siganecto with a 
fair wind. 

£5. — ^We have news from Sheepscot that 5 men were takeft 
there by the Indians, a ploughing* and that t escaped. 

S9. — We have news that one Snow was found killed by the 
Indians on the back of North Yarmouth, and another man 
(with him) taken: 

June 97. — News comes of the Fort at Chicanecto's being 
taken, af^er a conflict of about an hour. We lost but 4 ipen^* 
There was in our army iE270, all New England men, except 
$70, who were the Kings regulars. 

28. — There is a French fleet of 15 sail upon the coast, and 
an English fleet dogging them, ths^t have taken two seventy 
gun ships. 

July 3. — Public Fast on occasion of various expeditions a- 
gainst FrehclS forts. 

7, to 16.— [On a Journey to and from Portsmouth.} 

17, — ^We have news of a secend English squadron arriving 
at Cape Sable shore. 

* lllaot says only vant 

«■ ■ 



«2 

18.— One Winter here (ftf Boston) in favour of Clerk, the 
former a bad man and belied very much among the people at 
Purpoodock, who are in a dreadful mad temper, 

80. — We went to'Purpoodock where was a grand Council 
of 15 Churches. [Here they are enumerated.] . 

ai,— The Council continued. Messrs. Rogers and El wins 
only were for installine Mr. Clark, and ten othei ministers a- 
gainst it, we had close not work through the whole. In the 
close of this day the Council had like to have been broken to 
pieces, about voting by Churches. 

August l.-*-The Council spent the two days past in hear- 
ing the facts. Spent this in summing up the evidence, aud 
in the evening voted not to instal Mr. Clark, there being ^ 
votes against it^and 18 for it, aud ft neuters, Mr. Wise and 
Mr. Langdon. 

The result was read this morning and the Council dis- 
persed. 

7. — We have news which confirms the first news. [I have 
not observed that this was mentioned before,] viz : General 
iBraddock's being killed with £4 more officers and S5 wound- 
ed (ftO only escaping unhurt) and 600 soldiers Villed and 
wounded, and the whole army put to the rout, and flight, and 
the artillery taken. 

10.— ^Sunday,} Very full meetinp; — ^the Purpoodock peo- 
^e over; — Mr. Clark preachins agam. 

14. — Out Justices are at work, contriving to take Mr. Claik 
in hand. 

18. — Things are in a sad toss about Mr. Clark. 

28. — General Tast, partly on occasion of General Brad - 
dock's defeat* and partly for success to Gov. Shirley's expe- 
dition to Niagara and Genera] Johnson's to 'Crown Point. 

SSe;plem6er8i--The. engagement at Lake George, was to 
^av a victory,! in«answer ^I hope) to the -prayers on the late 
Fast. 

# 

* It will aot, f eoMthre^'be A««g^ht mbIm to glw htn the foJkming pairticn)* 
kn of thb dofeot. ** Aftor m oetlDn of tkree boon, Geotna BraiidoGk, «»dcr 
VhoM Hine bones bod boeo kUlod, reootvocl a noitol wonnd ; and hit troopt 
iod io OKtreno ditnoy «ad ooaAnlon. TJbo.pnMriaeii]t,-whe-weM aaioiif ibo 
iHt toleovo tho fiold, foHBMd oflor tiM aelUm by tbopradoat folovr of Wotb* 
laftOB, Old oowod tboTetreofror Uie fopdort. Tho dclint wos-oatlro. 4)fU 
•fltocn,64 wore killedeodwoandedyOMt about bolf tbeprimtM. TbodofMt- 
"od amy iod predpitatoly to tbo caaip of Soobar, wbtro Bnddoeli cqiirod of 

, to 



t Tbm Freiicb Gooeral, Baron IMoebaw, whabad Ttoolfed « ^MtfoA ft Us lof 
wafleaBlag,oiiast«aip,eatirtlyalooc^ wUlo looUof for bis wateb to twm- 



6S 

19. — I was to visit Mr. Pearson on occasion of (he -news w* 
have of Col. Titcomb's being killed in General Johnsons' ar- 
my, wbo have had an engagement with the French and In- 
dians at Lake George. 

October 9. — [A. complaint having been brought against Mr. 
Clark, for lying, the cause was this day tried at Court, and he 
was acquitted by the Jury. " There were thousands of peo- 
ple present."] 

JSTovemher 10. — I prayed at New Casco with Mrs. CIark*s 
grand child and widow Douglass, both ill with the throat dis- 
temper ; eight children have died there'. [The!?e died too.] 

17. — ^There was, iii the night, at a quarter past four, a most 
amazing shock of an earthquake. It lasted two minutes, that 
seemed as if it would shake the bouse to pieces, and then 
threw down near 100 bricks of our chimney, and did the 
same to many other chimneys in town.* 

18. — We had a lecture on occasion of the earthquake, ex- 
ceeding full considering the short notice people had. Peo- 
ple are universally greatly surprized and distressed. 

19. — A pleasant calm day and nighty not a breath of wind, 
and such was last night when the earthquake was, and all yes- 
terday. We have never known two days and nights together 
80 calm and pleasant. 

$2. — Besides several earthquakes we have had this week, 
we had this evening at half after eight, a very smart onc^ 
which exceedingly surprised us. Continued cloudy 'till to> 

d«r h, one of tb« soldiers, saspeetln; him to be in eeareh for • pistol, poured a 
charge tbroiig^h his hips, and he was coadacted a prisoner to the Eng Ush cmmp 
Oapt M'Oiaues, commander of the proviodals fell ia the action. 

* It began at Boston a Httle aller 4 o^oek ia a serene and pleasant night, a^d 
eantlnned nearly four and a half minates } about 100 ehjmaies were in a man- 
ner levelled with the roofs of the houses, and aboat 1500 shattered and throws 
down in part. The ends of about 13 or 15 brick buildings were throwa down 
from the tops to the eves of tlie houses. The vaoe of the narket-house wfis 
t brown down, a new vaae of one of the churches was bent at the spindal. At 
Kewflaven^the ground in many places seeoMdtortse like the wavos of the 
Mtt, tha houses shook and cracked, as if they were just ready to fall. Its course 
was northwest to southeast, its extent was firom Chesapeak Bay, southwest to 
Halifax, northeast aboat 800 miles, bat from northwest to southeast at reached 
St least 1000 miles, and perhaps many more. It pr<^ably passed by the We«t 
Indies to the eastward of tha Islands. About 2 o'clock, P. M. the same day 
the sea withdrew trom the harbor of fit. Kartin, leaving the vessels dry* tmd 
finh on the banks, where there used to be S or 4 fath«)|n8 of water, and when it 
Cjsme in it arose six feet higher than usual. There was no shock felt there 
though be re it was the most violent that was ever known in the country. 



64 

day it rained, and when we had a great shock of the earth, 
it tiot onl V rained but the wind blew. 

December 11. — Peter went to preach and live at Marble>- 
head. [Windham.l 

IS.—'We bad a Fast on occasion of the Earthquake. 

19. — There were two or three Earthquakes to night. . 

S7.*^We have an accoont that Lisbon is destroyed and 800 
miles on the ocean towsirdsthe Straights mouth, St.Ubes and 
A^gizero. Other {daces sunk, and Cadiz and Saville great- 
ly damsi£ed, 60 miles back ; but we bear as yet no more. 

30.— f catechised, and prayed, and exhorted the children 
in the meeting-house. (£00 of them.) 

[It will be noticed that some of the events of this year, were 
tincommon and important.] 

1756. 

January 4. — (Sunday,) Mr. Bosworth preached. I was in 
ibe evening called to Justice Frost, who, going from meeting 
was seized with a fit, but before I got to him, he was dead. 

8. — ^Public Fast ; on occasion of the Earthquakes in Eu- 
rope and America. 

20. — Clarke's messengers returned, not being able to get 
Installers. 

f 9.— We hear of Mr. Wise's death. 

Fehraarv^ d. — ^Town meeting to choose Representative — 
afler a violent struggle by Clarke's party, in favor of Capt. 
Robinson, Major Freeman was chosen. 

March O.^Towfi meeting. Mr. Longfellow chosen Town 
Clerk. 

26. — We have news from St. George, that a party of In- 
dians, the day before yesterday, killed twa young men and 
scalped a third. 

April 12. — ^This morning the robbin, which has visited us 
several springs past, began to serenade us. 

May 3. — Mr. Clark set out once more to get Installers. 

10~-This morning we are alarmed with young Knights, 
who escaped from the Indians S days ago* and got to North 
Yarmouth this morning, who brings news of 120 Indians 
coming upon the frontier who are to spread themselves ia 
small scouts from Brunswick to Saco. 

11. — Capt Milk with 40 men, Capt. Ilsley with a com- 
pany and Capt. Skillin with another, went out in pursuit of 
the Indians.- Capt* Smith with a reinforcement out of the 
N. Yarmouth and New Casco companies, went with Knight 
to the place where he left 8 squaws and where the Indians 



66 

left thoir beaver. We hear that Capt. Bervj is alao goM 
with his scout. 

13. — The Indians a few days ago took a man at Brunswick 
that was in compaoy with others who threw away their guns 
and escaped. They killed one Mains and ****^ at Flying 
Point, and carried away a young woman but they also leit im9 
Indian there, a man firing down through the chamber flopr, 
and killed him on the spot. 

14. — ^This morning one Brown was killed and Winship was 
wounded and scalped at Marblehead, [Windham]. Manches- 
ter fired upon them, and we hope killed an Indian, as did 
Capt. SkiJlin another. The Indians fled affrighted and left 
5 ipacks, a bow and a bunch of arrows, and several other 
thmgs. 

Brown and Winship were going with a guard of four men and 
four lads to work upon Brown Place about a mile from the fort, 
right back, and the two Walker's forward on about 60 rods, and 
the Indians fired on them, whereupon Manchester fired once but 
farrow and Sterling with the other two lads run away home, 
and the Indians fled also in great haste. Capt Skillin with a 
company being sone out in the woods about a mile were call- 
ed back, and witn Capt. Brown's scout (that happened sJso 
to be there) pursued the Indians, and fired on one, and then 
all shouted for victory. Manchester was the hero of the , 
action but Audersol [I believe it should be Anderson] be- 
haved gallantly (calling, follow on my lads) ; or the English 
perhaps all of them would have been killed. 

18. — Maj. Freeman was again chosen our Representative^ 
Capt Waldo his Competitor. 

SO. — ^There is a great bustle again at Purpoodock. . Jon/ 
Rogers and the Clevelands are come there to install Mr* 
Clark who spent to day in a tnock council. Many of our 
people went over, and 

21 — ^Tbis afternoon installed him in Simonton's orchard. 

SS. — (Sunday). Had a contribution in favor of Jos. Knights. 

June 4. — ^Peter f who ha^ discontinued preaching at Marble^ 
bead 3 sabbaths past by reason of the Indians) went there to 
day. 

I7.-^Co]. Cushing recovered his Cause of rates. A terri- 
ble uproar about Mr, Clark's being poisoned by Mr. Lovet. 

July 14. — ^This day the ministers kept a private Fast, on 
•occasion of the contentions in our town and the reproaches 
cast on the ministers. 

' IBS.'-^Public Fast on occasion of tht expedition to Crown 
f^oint. 

We are tisHea irkh the tore jadgimnt «f the irorms thdt 



66 

w« were IS years agOj which have destroyed whole fields of 
English and Indian corn in divers places. 

£7. — Mr. Clark is on the road with bis wife 5 days, and to 
day preached to the quakers and a huge rabble gathered toge- 
ther through curiosity which occasions a great toss among 
the people. 

£9. — We have news many ways, that war with France was 
proclaimed the 16(h of May. 

Augtut to. — A brig is here from Ireland, sent by brigadier 
Waldo with nassengnrs. 

£4. — All the daily talk is about the French expedition to 
Minorca and our fleet that are sent there in the defence of it, 
and our army gone agaiitit Crown Point. We are in hourly 
expectation of engagements that will be decisive of the fate of 
each. 

* September 6.— We have' news that Port Mabon was sur- 
rendered to the French the 29th June. Admiral Byng not 
having succoured it, but withdrew from an engagement with 
the French fleet to Gibraltar ('tis thought through corruption.) 
We have also the shocking news that Oswego Forts with 1500 
men have surrendered to the French. 

9* — Son Thomas came home being done with Mr. Schollay- 

10. — Rode to N. Yarmouth and dined with Mr. WiswelL 

19.— Mr. Wiswell gave in his answer to N. Casco. 

£6. — (Sunday) A thin Meeting^ some of our men being gone 
to Georges upon the news brought us yesterday, that Georges 
Fort was attacked (which was not true, but one of our schoon- 
ers was burnt and two taken, and S men killed and 3 missing. 

£8.— Papt. Ross had a large ship launched. 

£9. — It is a sickly time generally through the country ; at 
Saco the throat distemper has killed 14 children ; at Dunston 
they have the fever and ague ; and at Black Point, N. Yar- 
ipouth and Falmouth the slow fever and bloody flux. 

October £.---Governor Shirley sailed for England. 

7. — I rode to Black Point and attended a fast on pccasion 
of the sickness. 

1£. — I was over to Purpoodock visiting and praying witli 
Pr. Wise, staid all night. 19. — Dr. Wise died. 

14. — We have news that 13,000 French regulars besides 
Canadians and Indians are got near our army at lake George, 
and that the army is very sickly.* 

• It was ag^reed in • covncil of Colonial CoTemmeni at New Toric^ ^ raise 
10,000 men for an cxpeiitSon agalntt Grown Point} 6000 for an cxpeditioB 
agalnit Mlacara and 9000 acalnit JPort da QiiMae,and tbat SOOO sboold advaaee 
«l^tlia virm Kt nMbecr and destrogr tbc aettlement on the Oluuidiere ; but mtQOr 
faneral Window finding there were only 7000 raised for the former, declared 
ikCM iaadequace to the enierpriie. The attempt proposed afaiMt Fort du 
^aetnewasaotproseeatedjandthe expedition vp Kawdwe icrBdaated ia a 
Mi« scovUng party which c^lond the CMBtry. 



67 



Capt. Bousd pdt in here having lost his liestenant and 9 
men with his pinnance by Indians. 

3Q. — ^Xhe town is full of company. In the harbor are Rouse, 
Tenny, Granger, the Deal ships' and a snow from JSoston. 

J^ovember 3. — I went to New Casco to the ordination of 
Mr. Wiswell. (Other ministers, Loring, Thompson, Hovey, 

Morrel.] 
12. — The Centurion man-of-war arrived here from Halifax 

to guard the ships* ' 

Decemher 31. — Having obtained help from God, I and 
mine oonUnue and are brought to the end of anotbex year — 
Blessed be bis name. 

[The journal of this year records events, which might be ' 
deemed disastrous, hut He who ruleth over all, is wise and 
good and righteous in all he does. Let then all the people * 
praise Him (however they be affected by his government) and 
^ join in the ascription with which it closes and that of Pavid 
king of Israel.— " Blessed be his Name.] 

* « 

1767. 

F^bnucry 6»— The snow was so deep in drift, that there was 
BO possibility of getting to the Meeting House.. We met and 
had one meeting at the Court House. 

March 13. — One Clark of Sebago town killed Woorster 
and wounded Gray and Sands. 

JSprU 9.— Yesterday 6 Purpoodock men were put to goal 
for their rates to Mr. Clark. 

SO. — Jos. Cox, Bayley and others, sailed upon a CTuise for 
6 weeks after the Penobscot Indians. 

May 4. — Eighteen more Purpoodoc men were put to goal 
ifor Clark's rates. 

14. — Yesterday young Webb of Marblehead was fired upon 
l^y two Indians, 70 miles back in the woods. 
' 18. — Seventeen Indians waylaid and had a short engage- 
ment at Topsham with Litbgow and 8 men, two of our meh 
were wounded and two Indians carried off dead. 

SO. — ^We hear by a man that made his escajJe, that 2 of 
jiis companions were killed by the Indians 70 miles up Ame- 
nscoggin. 

" 30. — I prayed with ti young woman wh5 was in prison fchr 
the mtirdcr of her infant. 

June 8. — Cox arid Bayley retaracd frinn their cruise aA«r 

'the Indiana, bringing with them the scalps of two men whom 

tbey killed, two canoes and a quantity of oil, fish ttid feathois. 



7....We hear that Capt. Whitney was kUIed by a number 
of our men who fired upon a camp where he was, supposing 
Indians were in it. 

17. — Marshal Daune raised the seige of Prague and ob- 
tained a victory over the king of Prussia. 

20. — Capt. Waldo came home from Boston and brings the 
most melancholy tidings of the drought at the westward and 
that the smdl pox is in onr forts and that it is feared a great 
French fleet is coming to America, upon which account all 
hearts ache at Boston and people appear quite discouraged 
and disconsolate. 

21. — We had a fast upon the occasion of the distressing 
drought. 

£2. — ^The association meeting was turned into a fast. * 

20. — Public Fast on occasion of the drought and appre- 
hension of a French fleet to attack us, and many disappoint- 
ments and threatening impending judgments. 

July %. — ^Lord Loudon we hear has sailed from N. York 
with transports for Halifax. 

S. — No person sick in the parish, a remarkable mercy ! 

7. — ^The melancholy case ef N. Casco opened to day about 
their turning to the Church of England. 

8. — ^To day at half past two we felt a .considerable esurth- 
quake. 

I hear Merriconeag parish is broken to pieces. 

15. — Mr,^Cox*s sloop came in from Halifax, and brings 
news of the arrival of a French fleet consisting of 17 ships of 
the line and 15 other men of war, and 64 transports and that 
Lord Loudon had 87 transports. 

18. — We have had the greatest abundance of cherries that 
ever we had (perhaps 20 or SO bushels.) 

It is a time of remarkable health in the parish, and through 
the country, and has been so hitherto, throughout the year. I 
myself grow very fat. 

25. — An uneasiness in the church, on account of the Pur- 
poodock people partaking with us. 

26 — A clamouring by some of the town against me foe 
visiting Mrs. Cox, who has broke out with the small pox^when 
I did it at the desire of the Justices and Selectmen. 

Several families have moved away for fear of the smati 
pox. 

90.— i^Our ehenries are not yet gone, and people are satisfi- 
ed and tired coming for them. More than a hundred womeif^ 
and some men have been after them, and the currants cannot 
he diminished. 

Aufntst 14i— We have news that 16,000 Frepicb and l0r» 
dians nave attacked our fort at the Lake. 



6& 

15. — ^^We hare news that our fort William and Henry, at 
the Lake, was taken on Tuesday last, 'and that fort Edward 
was besieged by 16,000 of the enemy. The country is all in 
au uproar, inarching to their relief. General Johnson is there 
and General Webb, with 5,000 men«^ 

19. — Sailed for Boston. 

£7. — Amidst all the distress of the town, upon occasion of 
our loss and disappointment, we have to day, further melan- 
choly news by a shi|i from London, of the Duke's being beat. 

September S* — ^Returned from Boston. 

October 19. — ^We hear that our fleet at Louisburgb had all 
like to have been lost on the 24th of Septeihber. That the 
Tiftbury, with 450 men, foundered, and that the Ferret was 
missing, and most of the others lost their masts. 

Mivember 3. — ^We have news from Halifax that the peo- 
ple there talk of leaving the place ; that our Province Snow 
u taken ; that 6 large men of war are gone home in Jury 
masts, and that Hanover is raken. . 

30.-^The price of beef at Boston is 12 pence per pound ; 
corn per busnel, £05. ; here 32 and sixpense. 

I am provided with every thing needful for the coming win-^ 
ter* 

December 14. A Council at Gorham. 

16. The Council finished, and brought the aggrieved 
brethren to agree. 

26. Capt. Pearson gayc me a barrel of cider. 

[I notice this as a further memento * of the numerous pre« 
sents made to Mr. Smith.] ^ . 

' [This appears to have been a ftealtby year, generally, and 
with Mr. Smith in particular. With but one exception, be 
made no complaint of discontent with his performances on 
the Sabbath, nor expressed any doubt of the people's satis- 
faction with them.] 

1768. 

January 20,— I rode to Gorham and joined the couaeil^ 
six ohttfcbes. 

21.— 'Phe council sat yesterday and to-day, in hearing a 
tedious exhtbitkm of charges brought agaiBat Mr. Lombard 
by the dtsaffeeted. 

* The last was surrendered by capitulation, and t1i« garrison was to be allow- 
ed the honors of war, and to be protected against the Indians until witbiu th« 
reachof Fort Edward*, but no sooner had the soldiers left the place, tha» th« 
ladians in the French army, disregarding thefttfpalatlOB, ftU on theiBi 
oommitted tiie most enid o«tragcs . 



t4. — We spent yesterday and to-day io hearing a tedious 
exhibition of charges brought by Mr, Lombard against the 
disaffected) and in debating and voting on the same. 

2ft. — All this morning was spent in debating what the re- 
salt of the eounril should be ; whether to continue Mr. Lom- 
bard upon trial for twelve months, or dismiss him, and when 
r was pntting it to TOte, a motion came into the council that 
the parties had agreed. 

S6. — And so the matter was finished by nine o'clock this 
evening. 

Femtaty 19.— We have the confirmation, and particulars 
•f the news that the King of Prussia, with 18 or 20,000 men, 
obtained a complete victory over the Imperial and French 
army of 60,000 men. An astonishing event ! Glory to Qod. 

16. — ^Two Londoners with £100,000 sterling, were cast 
away on Lyno beach by the storm. 

23. — We have the happy news of a second complete vieto* 
ry over Prince Charles and Marshal Douse, (Imperial gener- 
als) by Prince Bevere. The Prince Severe was beat, but 
afterwards the King of Prussia joined him, and the above 
victory was obtained, with 38,000 against 70,000. 

March 1 5u — Parish meeting — They voted £t60 for my 
salary, and I gave them a receipt for all arrears. 

£1. — We have a confirmation of the last news. We hear 
of a prodigious expedition, entered upon, against Canada.* 

£6. — Horses and sleighs go every where oTer the snow, 
which is as high as the fences. 

t^fnil 5. — Joshua Moody is now recruiting men for the 
Canada expeditioB» There are to be 500 men raised in this 
county. 

St8. — Mr. Francis Waldo, who came to town on Menday^ 
dined here. He is appointed Collector for this* port. 

May 3. — One Ingersol and one Willard are come to town 
with recruiting orders for ninety more men out of this part 
of the country, which makes the people quite ma^, that when 
we had cheerfully enlisted our quota, (viz. 500) they should 
now get a pressing. 

* The Britif h gwrernineat teTiBs detenuiQed to send a larg« fwcc to Ameri" 
c«, to openiP by lea and land ofidttBt tho Feeneb, Mr. Pitt, in a drcular lettor 
to tbo ooloaial govoraora, called upo» tban to raiieas large bodiei of aim at 
the nomber of inlwbltanti would allow. The northern eoloaiee were preoopt 
and libera] lo famishing sappUet. The legislature of Hastachusetts voted to 
fomish IfiQO men, Coanecticntt 5,000, and New-Hampshire 8,000. These troops 
were ready to take the field .rery early in May, preTiously to which term, Ad' 
niral Boseawen had arrived at, HaUfaz with a fomidable , fleet, and^ lS,OOQ 
mwps under the eommand of Qen. Amherst 



^1 

tl.— ^Chir f6h}iers sailed for K!itt0t7 in'8 tmnspert floeps. 

24. — One Pomeroi, upon Kemie^bec river was killed by the 
Indians, and a yonqg man ta|£en captive. 

June I.— The two last Thursdays' newspapers are full of 
the success -oT the Dake of Brunswick. In Hanover, the 
French were driven out of every place with great loss. Their 
army sickly, and muhirudes dead and killed, and >y a deci- 
sive battle they were entirely routed — all their magazines 
taken and Hanover entirely evacuated. 

3. — ^Admiral Boscawen has arrived at Louisburgh with his 
fleet from Halifax. It consisted of twenty*four ships of the 
line, eleven frigates, and four boonb ships. 

4. — He landed his troops at Gaberouse Bay. 

il. — We hear that Mr. Preble, of Arowsic, and his wife 
were lately killed by the Indians, and their six children and a 
young woman carried away captives. 

16. — Parish meeting about the bell Capt. Ross sent for, 
which is come. After much concerted opposition, made by 
the out families, who tlireatened never to come to meeting, 
and talked of being set o£f a [separate] parish. The parish 
voted £100 L. M. to pay for it. 

^6. — Brigadier Waldo came to town by land, as did his sons 
by water. 

S9. — We a,ttended a fast upon the expedition. Mr. Mor- 
rell and I preached. Messrs. Elwin, Thompson, Hovey and 
Xiombard prayed. 

July 2. — (Sunday) Our bell (which weighs more than 800) 
which was hung yesterday, rang at the usual hours. 

6. — We had a fast with respect to the great expedition : 
Mr Elvm preached. 
. 1£. — Attended a fast. I preached. 

19. — I attended a fast. Messrs. Thompson and Elvin 
preached. 

21. — News that Louisburgh is taken, the joy of which is 
abated, by news that our army at Ticonderoga is routed, and 
retreated with the loss of SOOO men. 

27. — The news of the taking of Louisburgh is contradicted. 

JtugiLst 17.— Capt. Jordan canoe here and brought us news 
of the reduction of Louisburg oii the 26th July, which is con- 
firmed by a letter from Thomas, in Boston, to Mr. Codmaii. 
The people spent P. M. and most of the night rejoicing. 



72 

C4.«^We have Kurtb«i] confirmation Af the news of the 
radaetion of Louisoargh^aDd hear off reat rejoicicgs at Bos- 
ton and Portsmouth. 

30. — ^We have been all in alarm by the advices of great 
firing at Georges. 150 men (mostly volunteers) are gone in 
Mr. Cox. 

dl. — ^Upon their return from Pemaquid, they brought news 
that the i«*rench and Indians ha(l attacked Georges, took and 
returned a woman : killed 60 cattle, and moved off. 

September 12.^~The epidemic cough we had all the last 
winter, now again prevails in every bouse. The children^ 
especially are grievously exercised with it, and seem as if 
they would die. 

14. — Day of prayer and Thanksgiving on occasion of the 
reduction of Tjouisburgh, and defeat of our army at Ticon- 
daroga. 

18. — Capt. Temiy in a mast ship came here to load. 

21. — ^We liear that Prince Ferdinand, in command of his 
Majesty's army, obtained a complete victory over Count 
Clermont, and the French army on the SSd June, in which 
the latter lost 8000 men, and the former only 1000. 

22. — Admiral Anson, with a great fleet, and the Duke of 
Marlborough, with 16,000 troops, have been to St. Malo, and 
burnt SdO ships. 

October 16.-^1 prayed with Enoch Ilsley's child, who is ill 
with the cough and fever, as hundreds of children are in the 
parish. 

November d. — A small man of war run aground coming in 
here, as an escort to the mast ship. 

6. — ^The man of war and mast ship sailed. 

/>e€em&er.— rrNothing to be noticed.] 

[I'bave not observed m the journal of this year, that Mr. 
Smith expressed any disheartning circumstance or donbt of 
approbation and acceptance.] 

1759. 

January 11. — ^I preached a Lecture entirely extempore^ 
determining to do it but the moment before I began. 

* It waf> taken witb the leM of about 400 men killed or wminded. The gani* 
•on loet opwardi of 150(^ and the town wai tefl almost tn a heap of mini. The 
conquerors found- 22% nieces of cannon, and 18 mortars, witha lai|[e quanti^ of 
•tores and ammunWon. The inhabitants of Cape Briton, were ,sent to France 
|n English ships } but the garrisoB aawwrntiny t» M8V ofltefs ud meo, wero 



73 

V 

fT.^Tbe .measles i^sprf^^i^ thr^^gb ^be t^imsiii^thu 
j|)art of tbe country. 

j^ebruary 1^.— ;Mr. TbQipt>j}OQcl^;this.mor#Hig. 

^1. — ^Ixode fv^b :iny wif& to Mr. fhoi^psoa's Funeral, 
^here was a groat concourse of people, as many from ,iny 
pai;isb,ta5 tbece wer«.<I{9rse^ s^i^ Sleigbs. 

Mar^ 14.-TT-Parisb M^etiogK Voted |to.^i^lar|;6 -tbfd Mf^et- 
ing-House ai^d b/iild ^ Steeple* 

[Many were il I, and several died with the measles tbi&mof^h , 
iipd Mr. .^mitb was muob QQiployed Iq visitiag and prayipg 
with ti\e fiick. 

How much be was engaged in this I^ind of minbterial du^i 
pnd.how many scenes of siqkne^s and death be has been wit- 
ness to ! And it may be qbserved,;thathe was not only * muqb^ 
in prayer, but eminent in his copious, fluent and fervent mail* 
f)Qr^ of performing that exercise.] 

AprU 4.-TMr. Townsend. was ojrdaini»d in ^orham* Capt. 
Phinney prayed before the charge, af)d Capt. MorUm ^ave it, 
gnd TownsepfJ did all the re^t. 

18. — A remarkable Comet i(i the N« £. about Sm^li* 
inprniBg. 

May 4.~i-0pyerpqr Fowna! came.hei^^ in Capt. SaMii^ers* 

8.r-He. sailed to day with 400 soldiers for Peoobscot^to.baild 
PiFort there. - ^ 

ai.rr-We bear that fihga^i^r Wa)dQ 4iecl suddenly nt Pe- 
nobscot on Wednesday last. 

June S8« — ^^Geperal Fast on occasion.of the expeditions. 

July 18.-^-I have baptized Sd infants in about six weeks. 

^.'-'Our people tbre^ oif tbe^aftQKly end ^tbe Meeting* 
House. 

•^tigfu^.-r-Pnnee Ferdinand at the bead of tbe Allied army 
of 48,000 in. Hanover [bad] obtained a complete victory over 
Marshal Contaide's army of 140,0Q0. 

8. — ^We have the joyful news of Niagara* and Ticondero'- 
ga'sf being tak«n, atid th^t the army have landed near Que- 
^c. 

9. — Yesterday Mr. Hemmenway was ordained [fit Wells.] 

^16.-,—TbeFe were public .r^picings up^n tbe con^oiMion 
of Niagara and Ticonderoga>.eii^ t^en^ mi Cro^TPiPoiDt 
being deserted and burnt. 

^The AnniMA^^liifOMi fpofiMOff t^&^mfi»*mvf^ to ffMr«h <Hit mUh^ 
konors of war, and to be carried tt New-Tork, and tbe wenen and clitidfmfe» 
Montreal. . 

.fl9)eeoei»f»»fier blowing MP tJtieir iQ«ga«iiie%j^;d«^f^«VlWii,49nipe»tiie 
ltnA.winkl sUaw, 4TMwie4 Ibe £«rt nmI r^tiwvfd to Qr^wa Poioi. 

7 



74 

A9, — ^Had a Lectare. Baptized six chriJdreD. 

[It may be here mentioned, that, during the ministry of Jl(r. 
Stn.ih, the number ot baptisms in bis Society, (as it appears 
by the Church record,) was 236S — viz : Of infants £331. 
Adults 31. 

September 13. — This was the memorable dby when Gen. 
Wolfe's army obtained the victory over the French army at 
Quebec, which brought about the surrender of the City.* 

17. — Quebec surrendered. 

18. — Our army entered into and took possession of Quebec. 

26. — The captains of the mast ships made a great carba- 
que on Hog-Island, for a general frolic. 

27 — ^There are 136 Houses upon this neck, besides Tuckcfr's 
shop, Preble's and Bangs' warehouses and Bradbury's work- 
shop, which have families m them, and the fort. 

OcUtber 5. — ^We have a deluge of company this week, and 
indeed through the whole summer. 

[The social disposition of Mr. Smith, always afforded hioi 
the company of the most respectable strangers, and frequent 
visits of his acquaintances and friends.] 

14. — We have news that Quebec is taken, and that General 
Wolfe and Montcalm, are killed. (See Sept. 13.) 

16.-— The cannon were fired at the fort yesterday and to- 
. day. Mr. Mayhew's house was illuminated, and small arms 
fired in the evening, upon further and more authentic news of 
ttie victory at Quebec. 

17. — ^The three mast ships fired and were illuminated upon 
the same occasion. 

18. — ^The country is all in extacy, upen the surprising news 
of the conquest of Quebec. General Wolfe, with an army of 
5000 men, on the IStfa of last month, having got above the 
city, and landed on the north side, attacked the French behind 
the city, who after a terrible engagement of*^ minutes, fled 
into the city, which surrendered the 17th, 

25. — ^Public Thanksgiving for the reduction of Canada and 
Quebec particularly. 

*I]i the battle at the plains of Abraham, about 1000 of the enemy wero made 
prisoners, and nearly an equal number fell in the field and in the pursuit. 

The loss of the English, both of killed and wounded, was less than 600 men. 
Quebec, at fhc time of iu capitulation, contained about 10,000 souls.^ After it 
was reduced, It was garrisoned by -about 5000 men, vnder the command of Gen. 

> At attempt was nade the next year to recover it by the French, vnder tlw 
command of M. de Levi, but Gen. Murray with SOtO men, marched out on the 
S8th April, to the plains of Abraham, and attacked them near Sillery with great 
impetuosity, fmd after a fierce encounter, retired into the city. In thif «c|io> b« 
hst OTer eOO Ben> aad the French » gretter iiamber/> - 



76 

MfHmber 1.— I cRned with Capt Granger, and spent P.M. 
onjboard Darling, with Capt. Hagget. [Captains of the three 
mast ships.] 

. 13. — I was to see John Waite, who is returned from the 
river St. Lawrence, and who came away witii the last of the 
iSeet. • 

£1. — This day is meraorahle for the defeat of Gen. Winch, 
with a Prussian army of above 1£,000 men, who all surren- 
dered to the Austrian army ; and also for the defeat of the 
Brest fleet, by ^ir Edward Hawke. 

December 31. — We have news from Europe, that the 
!rrench are still upon the design of invading England and 
Ireland. 

[Some time this year Mr. Edward Sawyer was appointed 
sexton of the parish, as successor to old Father (Arthur) 
Gooding.] 



1760. 

January ^0. — News is come from the General Court that 
the disaffected brethren at Purpoodock are set off. 

February 6. — Brigadier Preble is returned from Boston 
and brings news of the county's being divided. 

S9. — We have certain news that Admiral Hawke has taken, 
destroyed and scattered the whole Brest fleet, and (bad news) 
that the Prussian army under general Winch has all surreu- 
dered 

March 1. — We have news that Mr. Bernard, (Governor of 
the Jerseys) is appointed our Governor, and Mr. Pownal, 
Governor of South Carolina. 

SO. — I had a letter from Brigadier Preble, giving an ac- 
count of the Penobscot Indians coming for peace. Governor 
Lawrence has made peace with the St. John's and Passama- 
quoddy Indians, and the neutral French and Cape Sable In- 
dians are also come in. 

StS. — (Sunday,) I was this morning called to Capt. Koss', 
Mr.Flatt and Mr. M'CIean being killed by the fall of the 
kitchen garret floor, full of com, upon the chamber floor 
(where Mr. M'CIean was) which carried it down in an instant 
and killed Mr. Flatt in the kitchen. One of the servants was 
wounded, but the rest escaped in the chimney. 

25. — I prayed at the funeral of Messrs. Flatt and M'CIean. 
The largest and most solemn funeral that ever was in tke 
t^wa. People were very much affected. 



76 

t 

£8. — ^We have the confirmation and particulars of tlie late 
awful fires in Boston, viz. : a fire at N Boston on Mwidny 
noon, but soon extinguished* A fire on Thursday at Griffin^ 
wharf, that endangered the magazine, but also soon put out. 
And a prodigious fire on Wednesday night, the greatest that 
ever was in America. It brokfe out in Cornhill at the widow 
Jackson's, and con&um^d all the southeast part of the town ; 
from thence, alt ttie longer part of Milk-street and the most of 
Water-street, Pudding lane, Quaker lane and Mackrel lane, 
as far as Col. Wendell's wharf, containing 349 buildings, L e. 
175 warehouses and shops, and 174 tenements inhabited by 
£20 famihes.* 

30. — ^The loss by the above fire is computed to be £100,000 
sterling, or a million old tenor. 

31. — The general Court have voted for the use of the suf- 
ferers £3000, lawful money. 

AprU 6. — (Sunday) We contributed £179 old tenor, for the- 
sufferers by the fire 

May 1. — We have news of a cessation of arms. 

2. — We hear that all hope of peace is over for this year, 
and that the contending nations are going at it in earnest. 

13. — Visited among the soldiers under Capt.IngersoI, now 
going away. 

24. — Sailed for Boston in Capt. Saunders. Put into Cape 
Ann, and 

SO, Got to Boston. Maj. Freeman and Capt. Pearson are 
in town about dividing the county. 

7. — Rode to Dunstable. 

10. — Returned to Boston. 

12. — Came away from Boston with an easy pretty breeze. 

13.->>-The wind contirmed fair till near night, when arose a 
dreadful N. E. tempest, which drove us back to York. 

14. — Got home P. M. with a pleasant N. W. gale. 

23. — Maj. Freeman and Capt. Pearson returned from Bos* 
ton with news of the division of the county iirto three. 

24. — News from Boston of the siege of Quebec's being 
raised, which occasions great joy. 

July 29. — Lord Rutherford, was to see me. He has lately 
been with some men of war from Louisburgh, in pursuit of 
three French vessels, in the Bay of Chaloors, and destroyed 
them. They were destined for Quebec, with stores. 

30. — Col. Cushing has lost his sloop and negro ; taken by 
the above French ships. 

31. — ^I dined at Capt. Ross', with Lord Rutherford. 



*Hinoc sayg, « It raged with such Tiolence, tbat in al)out four bours:^ it de^ 
>i»7ed ntarlly a tentli part ef Uie tewik'' 



77 

August 19. — Our people raised tbe steeple of the meeting- 
house. ^I prayed with them. 

30. — ^We have had no news this year, except the raising the 
siege of Ouebec. 

Septenwer II. — ^We have new^ of General Amherst taking 
Isle Royal, 35 miles above Montreal. 

18. — We hear that Capt. Howland has taken Isle Nut, St.. 
Johns, and Chamble Forts, with an army of 5500 from Crown 
Point, 

20. — News from Boston that our armies under General 
Aniiherst, had joined at Montreal,* and taken it . Our people 
were there upon rejoicing all the afternoon. 

SL2>, — Our people are rejoicing again. Our house was iliu' 
minated, as were several others in the neighborhood. 

23. — ^It is as sickly a time in Boston as has been known. 

£4. — ^[Sickly here too.] 

25. — We hear a small army of Russians under Forequet^ 
have been routed, and that he himself being taken afterwards, 
died of his wounds ; also that the right wing of Prince Ferdi- 
nand's army was routed with 1000 killed. 
" October 9. — ^Thanksgiving for the reduction of All Canada,, 
by taking Montreal. 

[There was a Council the latter part of this month at 
Brunswick between Mr. Dunlap and his people, which ter- 
minated upon an agreement that he be dismissed, and that 
^is people pay him all arrears and £200 O. T.] 

31. — ^And<tbus ended this difficult affair, to the surprise and 
joy of all concerned. The council was unanimous, and each 
party perfectly satisfied. 

November 4, — ^We have news by the way of Halifax of a 
victory gained by the king of Prussia over general Laudaun, 
wherein the latter lost 70(K) killed and 4000 taken* The king 
of Prussia left only 600. 

10. — ^The new impression of the Psalm book was brought 
JUS, 380, 

14. — We have the confirmation of the king of Prussians 
victory over Laudaun, viz. That the Austrians lost 10,000 
men and '5000 prisoners and 82 cannon, and all their tents 
and baggage, and that the Prussians lost only 530 killed and 
1000 wounded. 

26. — We have a great deal of good news by the mast-ships 
arrived at Portsmouth, viz. That Count Daun being recall- 
ed. General Beck was beaten by the king of Prussia, with the 

*It was surrendered with Detroit, and all other places within the govemipeot 
of Canada, to hit Britanic Majesty on the 8th inst. The destruction of an arma- 
ment ordered oat from France in aid of Canada, completed the asDihiiation of 
the Frfpch power on the continent of Korih Ameri>pa. 

*7 



78 

loss of 23,000 killed and taken. ThM 'btogiig vas skf anil 
his army retreating from Hanover. iRat Prince Henry hiTd 
drubbed the Kussians^and that the French interest iti tTrefeast 
Indies was lost. 

40, War ! tVhat havoc dost thdu taake T\ 
yeeemher S. — I dined with the new civil odictits of tltfs fieW 
^tiunty of Cumberland, upon theif being slf^orn. 

8.»The |>eopte upoii this iVeck dre hi a datd tbii stbout tft. 
Coffin's having the small pox, which Ms thought he totfk of a 
hian at N. Casco, of whom m^n^ there have takeh if. It is 
4dsoat Btt-oufl^SiteK 

9«— The uproar is quieted hy th6 renioviri^ 6f Dr. Cofliti fo 
Noice's Farm. 

28. — I have married 22 couple th^ year psl^f. 

[I have taken hd liotici of marriages in th^se )Sx()'acts, 
nor of the frequent deaths of womeh and children, but where 
the deaths of men are mentioned, I hkvt thought it proper 
to notice them either in these extracts, olr \ii th6 }bt of nimes 
dt the end.], 



1761. 

Jilmuary 6. — ^We have ho# the nevrs ftofllJlrlBieii thdf King 
George the 2d died of a rupture in bis b^art, the idth Oca. 
aged 77 years, wanting 17 days; and th«it his gr&hdspn Geol'ge 
Sdi Was proclaimed at Boston this day se'fihighC. 

15. — ^We have the great news of a coiliplete viGt6i-y g&Snel 
hy the King of Prussia, over Codht Daun, and the Whole Aus- 
trian army, but no particulars. 

iVi^ary 14.— 1 had an exceeding ill Idtftl, Wl» gfMtly 
distressed, and a disposition to fits. 

28.-^1 n^ver, in my apprehension more nearly tooked death 
in the face ; my father being seized with fits about tklb timfe 
Of life (i. e. near 60.) 

[iMr. Smith was much Engaged this ittdnth visiting ftnd pray- 
iilg with the sick.] 

March 5.— The two nights part I haveh^6n dis^ulBted ani 
distressed with the return of my old complaints, yiz acbk^ 
stant agitation at th6 pitofiiriy stomach, lkat^|)ailds «U over 
ine with quick startish convolsibin. 

7. — ^Had ati extreme ill night. 

8. — (Sunday) a very full meeting, was feeble, but greatly 
a^ftisted. 

[Mr. Smith was freqCtently ill with colds, Ut, hotatthli 
lime he was in his ap^pirehehslOfi, tiangeromiy fio. f have 
therefore noticed it.] 






n 

4. — Tbiogs tetnahi in a dismal sittiation about th« school 
master Richhroiid, a very worthless fellor, bjr means of which 
tbe pfeace of the neigh botbood of the heci is broken op and 
dreadful quarrelings occasioned. The old selectmen sent him 
otit of town, *nt he retntited and kept scfaaol at -*— — . An- 
nual town nreeting. Oapt. Pearson, IiIod6rator ; Mr. Stephen 
LongfeHotr, Town Clerk ; thongh *** tried to oust him. Sc*- 
lectmen reduced to three,(€apt. Milk,Deacon MefrHl and Mr. 
Stoat) by means of which Deacon Cotton and Capt. Gooding 
were dtopt. Capt. B. Wait oifering to senre for nothiRg^was 
CfaOBen town treasurer. Votes for a Register, of the new 
county were brought in. Maj. F^reeman and Nathani€ll 
Moody were competitors. A workhouse was appointed. 
^\\^ meeting lasted 2 days. 

\%, — We were last night about a qjuarter after two, awak- 
ened and roused out of our beds by an astonishing earthquake* 
much such as that fis^ years ago ; only that in that there wad 
a more terrible jar, and this was undulatory. We had a lec- 
ture on the occasion at 4 P. M. 

21. — Having obtained help of God, I continue to this ^^'^'^^ 
which makes me 59 years old. 

^5. — ^The uproar in town continues ; besides. Col. Waldo, 
td-day carried a complaint to Boston, against Capt. Pearsoi), 
signed by 300. 

dl.-r-A sickly, dying, melancholy time. 

AftH 22. — Mr. Bosworth came here. 

24. — Our people made uncommon rejoicisi^ yesterday (on 
OCCAsioh of tne fong% coronation.) 

May 5. — I prayed and dined with the csurt ; the first for 
thii new county of Cumberland. 

22. — ^I had a very bad sleepless night, with many great 
convulsions through the nigbt. I am entirely worn out with 
Extraordinary service, at prayer feontinually, and for Want of 
sleep. 

26.-1 sat out with Mr. Codman on a journey to Boston, 
[for his health it appears.] 

Jvmt 2. — Rode to Boston (front Cape Ann) with Mr* 
launders. 

9. — Came away from Boston [by water.] 

11. — Got home, more comfortable than ever in my life, no 
fits, and could &leep well. 

16.— I prayed with Capt. Milked little girl, (of 7 years old) 
sick and remarkably religiously impressed. 

26. — Our people raised the spire of the steeple, t prayed 
with them. 

-■tVwd ihockf were felt oa the lame day, U ail tbe N«w*EDs:laiid ColoD&fir. 



80 

ttdy 7. — ^We bad a &8t on occasion of a very distressing 
and increasing drought. Mr. Wiswell preached. There was 
a fresh shower just as we went out of the meeting house, 
which very much affected the people. 

8. — It pleased God to give us gentle showers from 9 to 19, 
X. M. to prepare for a wonderful great shower that followed, 
and lasted an hour, when the heavens gathered blackness, the 
rain poured down abundantly, so as I never saw the like. 

17. — I rode with Mr. Longfellow in the Chaise to the mast 
ships (Darling and Hagget) which came in yesterday. I es- 
caped signally from hurt by the chaise wheel running over 
jue. 

24* — By Brigadier Preble, from Boston, we have the coot 
firmation of Bellei&les being taken, ai\4 that the expedition tp 
the Mbsissippi is given up. 

25. — ^The fire is broke out and flames at Dunston, Gorbam 
and New-Casco. A most melancholy awful time. 

£9. — ^The man of war came in, Capt. Scarff, a 40 gun ship, 
to convoy the mast ships. 

Jiuguet 7. — ^I spent P. M. on board the man of war with 
Ross, Pearson, Freeman, and Longfellow. 

19.— A great storm ;Uhere has been no rain like it. Thus 
in the mount God is seen, and thus God has began to work 
deliverance (when we have been brought a great while to an 
extremity) as he did in July 28th, 1749, a month before this 
time. 

23. — Capt. Ross came in, in a large ship to load ; as did 
Capt. Malcom some time ago, besides which there lie here^ 
S mast ships and the man of war. 

31. — ^My Brother came here in Capt. Target, with the man 
of war that went from hence to Boston, to take and carry to 
France the merchants money, viz. £22,000 steilia^. The 
fleet consists of the man of mar, Mr. Target, 3 mast ships, 
(Darling, Hagget and Mallard) and 2 brigs (1 in all.) 

S^iember 27. — ( Sunday | An exceeding full meeting. Pe- 
ter [Mr. Smith's son] preached here all day, to great accep* 
tance. 

October. — [There is nothing proper to be extracted from 
the Journal of this month.] 

November* — [Nor from that of this month.] 

Deceniber 7. — This evening we had very nearly lost our 
house. — [Here are enumerated a number of things that were 
burnt.] 

[Notwithstanding the illness of Mr. Smith this year, there 
seems to have been no remission of his ministerial labors ; a 
dose application to which it is probabie(if it was not the cause 
4>f his complaints,) was unfavorable to his health. 



r 



1762. 

January 4.— Father doodwin was buried. 

Fehruary 5. — We have news from London, that the King 
of Prussia has saved his army without fighting, as Prince 
Ferdinand has done Hanover. 

8. — Staling of Marblehead f Windham] says that the sdo# 
tv'ith them is more than five feet deep. 

11.— There is no passing from the wind-nill to themeet^ 
ing-house. 

S8. — A wonder of a winter, this will be famous for, to 
posterity. The deep show falling as early as the 3d Decem- 
vber: siiKe which, it kept snowing continually. 

March 1. — A time ot remarkable health in the country, and 
hardly any body sick in the Parish. 

[Mention is frequently made this motith of the difficulty of 
passing on account of the depth of the snow.] 

31. — God is appearing to work deliverance as he did at 
this time, 14 years ago, (1748) when we bad just such a win* 
ter as this has been. 

•^prU 4. — (Sunday) There is no riding on horse-back, nor 
in a sleigh or chaise, but in a narrow bad foot path. 

7. — We have news of the surrender of Martimeo to 6eB« 
Montcalm ; that Admiral Saunders had taken a Spanish Gal- 
leon with half a million sterling, and that the P«*t6on man of 
war, hks taken a register ship worth £40,000 sterling. 

8. — Out people are rejoicing upon the conquest of M arti« 
nico. 

. May 11. — We bear Spain declared war with England, the 
15th January. 

14. — Collector Francis Waldo was chosen Representative. 

[His brother, Col. Sam. Waldo, had been for several years 
before.} 

.£4. — Capt. DarUng in a mast ship came here. He brings 
a confirmation of the news of peace between the new Czar 
and the King of Prussia. 

Jun€ 94. — ^Tbe Judges [of the Supreme Court] came to 
town. Lynde and Russel stay here. 

July &.— The woods are all a fire ; 6 houses, 2 saw-mills, 
several barns and catde were burnt at Dunston. 6 families 
burnt out at North-Yarmoatb, and a vast deal of damage done 
in fences burnt, and fields and pasture laid open. 

7. — ^We had a fast on occasion of the grievous drought; 
not a very full meeting, many being at work abouj the fires. 

17.— Mr. Wiswell (at New-Casco) is close confined in the 
height of distraction, Doroine Brown there. 



«• 



82 

£2. — Oar people are every daj frolicingy notwithstanding 
the distress of fires. 

£6. — We have an account of St Johns and New-Foundland 
being taken by 2 hhe of battle French ships, and a frigate 
and about 1600 lai^d troops from Brest. 

28. — A day of Public Prayer on occasion of the drought 
and famine feared. 

do. — It pleased God to give us a steady rain for several 
hours. 

August IS.-^Pepperilborough gave Mr. Fairfield a call. 

13. — It pleased God to give us a very bounteous shower. 
16— another. 

18. — Another. ^1. — A great deal. The earth is now 
wonderfully soaked and refreshed, and the grass begins to 
look green. SO.-^The grass grows wonderfully. 

31. — We have news of the takins Moor Castle at the 
HaTanna. ^ 

September 6. — Mr. Wis well went to Boston last night. 

10 — ^We have the good news, that the Havanna surren- 
dered on the 14th July. A great conquest in itself, but vast- 
ly great by the men-of-war we took and destroyed, together 
with an immense sum of dollars. 

22. — An ordination at Windham [doubtless of his son 
Peter, tho' he is not named] a prodigious concourse of people, 
a great and admired solemnity ; Mr. Morrel began with 

Erayer, Mr. Langdon preached. I gave the Charge. Mr. 
lOring gave the R. H. F. Mr. Elvin preached. It was 
thought by all to be the most finished solemnity of the kind 
ever known. 

October 7. — Public thanksgiving for our successes in war 
this year. 

10. — Governor Bernard came here from the eastward. 

27. — Mr. Fairfield was ordained at Pepperilborough. 

29. — Capt. Ross, in a large ship (of 700 tons) came hereto 
load, as did a Snow of his, a few days ago, besides which there 
are now 5 other ships and Snow's here a loading. 

Mvember 3. — Mr. Miller was ordained at Brunswick. 

19. — Mr. Wiswell returned to this place from Doct. How, 
of Andover. 

December. — [No occurrences proper to be noticed.] 



1763. 

January I, — ^This year begins with a great breach ma^e' 
i^on me» and al great change. 



83 

t.«-{Sttiiday) I w«ot to meeting this aorniag tmdet n^ 

apprehension of my wife being near her end; but last night 
she refusing to take any sustenance, and continuing to do it, 
alarmed me, and 

3, At midnight, she fell asleep and nev^r awaked, but ex- 
pired about 4 in the morning, without a sigh or a groan. 

6. — Attended the funeral of Mrs. Smith. She wanted 4 
months of 65 years. We had lived togethernear 19 >ears. 

Fehrwiry 4. — Wednesday morning Brigadier Preble, Col. 
Waldo, Gapt. Ross, Doct. Coffin, Nathaniel Moody, Mr. 
Webb and their wives, and Tate sat out on a frolic to Ring's, 
and are not yet got back, nor like to be^ the roads being not 
passable. 

- 5. — ^Thomas and wife, Codman and Sally, Butler and 
Nancy Codman, with vast difficulty, returned that same day 
iirom Windham. We feared Butler had perished. 

6. — (Sunday] Our people generally spent yesterday shovel- 
ing snow to tne meeting heuse and elsewhere. 

9> — ^We are every where shut up ; people are discouraged 
making paths. They say there is now 5 feet of snow upon 
a level, but it is mountainously drifted on the clear glround. 
It is a melancholy time, near a famine for bread. 

11. — Our frolicers returned from Blackpoint, having been 
gone just ten days. They got homeward as far as long 
creek last night ; and with vast difficulty and expense reached 
4iome. 

19. — (Sunday) Pretty full meeting considering how diffi-i 
cult it was to get there. The people shovelled a foot path 
from Mr. Codman's new house to the meeting-house, [now 
called Temple-Street] through 3 feet of snow. 

17. — A cessation of arms was proclaimed at Boston on 
Monday last. * 

£0.— -(Sunday) still a diffif^ulty in getting to the Meeting- 
bopse. 

27. — (Sunday) Thin meeting, it being very blustering and 
cold and difficult to get to the meeting house. 

£8.-^There is no path any where through the country fur-r 
t}ier than Stroud water and up to Windham. Mr. Marston 
was obliged to leave his horse at Hampton and come home 
with snow-sbees. 

March 1. — ^To day in God's gracious Providence we were 
relieved by Hie coming in of Mayhew's schooner from Conr 
necticut with 1000 bushels of Indian corn. People were re- 
duced to the last and extrenvest distress ; scarce a bushel of 
corn in the whole eastern country. 

V 8.:— Yesterday and to-day we had the coldest and longest 
storm this winter, theK(D fell 19 inches, about as much as ha^ 
l)«en consumed. 



H 

1#^— 1 ixMfrM SamM -Green and JaoeGtisjtki ; tbey c^Hxie 
$m snow-shoes across the Cove from Capt. lUley's tq my 
boufe. 

11. — ^Tbe definitive treaty of Ppace between Great Britaii), 
France and Spain with the accession of Portugal, was signed 
yesterday at Paris. 

18. — ^*^H^ and *** set up for Town Clerk and quarrelled 
dreadfully about it, but sat up a wrong person, and therefore 
iid n«t succeed. The old officers were chosen. 

19. — ^HHt foi ^p my salary at £1Q00, but was opposed an^ 
prevented by ***. 

S3. — ^To day cvw m a ilopp from Boston with 3000 bush- 
els of corn. 

34, — A schooner caoie in from Cape Ann, with ItQO bush-r 
els, which sells for 30s. or j27s. by the 1^00 bushels. Thus in 
God's merciful Providence we have sigain.a mo#t seaspqf^bU 
and full supply. 

515. — Capt. Goqding got in with £300 bushels moi;e. 

,^pril 6. — The Robbin visited us. 

19. — Today was the first passing through the country, by 
Mr. Russel. 

May 6. — The earth has a most beautiful greeii f«ce. I 
never knew the grass so forward nor so well set, 

31.— <I sat out on a journey to Boston alone. 

/uneS5. — Got home well, thank God most fervently. 

July, — [There is no particular event, proper to be extracted 
from the journal of this month.] 

August £.*— I rode to North- Yarmouth, an^d attended the 
funeral of Mr. Loring. 

11.— -Public thanksgiving for the peace. 

\^. — Capt. Brad. Saunders here with the Indians, going to 
Boston to treat about peace. 

S7. — Capt's. 'Darling and Hagget, [in mast ships] came in 
last night, as did two ships before this week, to load by Capt, 
Ross. By reason of the wet weather, my books andcloaths 
have become mouldy, and we were not able to shut our inneir 
doors, being swelled so through the whole summer. 

September 11.— rl have been discouraged abput my eoeiiiiesy 
they talk of a new meeting-house. 

October 28. — ^The mast ship saili&d. 

November 24 and 2$. — ^**** and **^ are sending about a 
eubscription for a new meetingThouse, in favoi of Mr.Wiswell. 

December 13. — Our attention is very much drawn in, and 
the most of our thoughts and talk is.about.the new loeetiiig- 
bouse for Mr. Wiswell. 

^.»-I spent the evening at Doett Gofta^^tivtio^ Is* breaking 
^d ^^ecayiog fast. 



85 

t9. — Mr. Brooks here, yfho has had a call at N. Yarmouth. 

[Mr. Smith was dejected at times, this month, but at other 
times in good spirits. At the close of it he says it has pleased 
Gk>d to give him a year of trouble.] 

1764. 



Jdnttarv S7. — ^We beard that old Harvard College was 
burnt lately. 

30. — I am very ill to day. I bless CM that the cough I 
am now exercised with did not happen when I was first 
wounded. [By a fall some time before, by whkh he had 
broken two of his ribs.] 

I\dnvanf 6.— This evening the signers for the new meetins 
house had a meeting, when *** and *** quarrelled and 
fought in the street. A foundation for a church was thus laid 
****** the pillars tremble. 

12.— (Sunday) One Mr. Murray (an Irishman pat in here 
from the eastward,) preached here p. m. extremely popular. 

Mardi 7. — ^The people at Boston are all inoculating at the 
Castle and Shirley's Point with marvellous success, in the 
new method with mercury, S&c. 

8. — The guards at infected houses in Boston are removed, 
the people finding they can stop the spreading no longer. 

£7.— Annual town meeting. Capt. Gooding and Milk 
added to the Selectmen because of the small l^ox. 

£8. — Parish meethig. Stroudwater agaih set off. A 
great struggle toget me an assistant^ aild all the principal 
men for it, but *^ headed the young men and the Stroud- 
waterer*s in the opposition and prevf'nted it. 

jj^ 4.—- Mr. Whitfield I hear is at York. 

12.— « Annual Fast, I had marvellous assistance which I had 
rather note because I was in bondage before in thought of it 
by reason of a slowness of thinking and speaking that has 
come upon me, and takes away all fluency and makes me 
think I'm a breaking, but I never performed better. All praise 
to Ood who heard my cries. 

May 20. — (Sunday) Mr. Deane preached p. m. ^e came 
t» town with Col. Tyng. 27. — Mr. Dean preached. 

June 13. — Mr. Deane eame here, 

17.— 'Mr. Deane preached. 

21.— Mr. Bernard and Mr. Cbrwin came here. 

25. — Mr. Curwin and Deane set off for Wiscasset 

28. — Messrs. Bernard, Curwin, and DeaAe returned. 

29. — Visited Mr. Bradbury, Mr. Chipman with the gout, 
and others. 
8 



86 

f^y £.»r>Mie99rs. Bernardt Qurwiot imd Deane went-off. 

S* — ^e had a church meeting, full, and unanimous in giv- 
ing Mr. Deane a call. 

4b — Mr. Brooks was brdained. A multitude of people 
firom my parish, and a decent solemnity. 

17. — ^Tbe parish (at a meeting) concurred with the church 
in the choice of Mr. Deane by a great majority. They voted 
him a thousand settlement, and 700 salary. 

The new meeting house men, with the Stroud water men, 
ii^ade their utmost opposition to Mr. Deane's setUenient^ • 
but in vain. The meeting was peaceable. I have been ex- 
c^dingly e«rn«ft in prayer. I fail much, and have been 
greatly distteased about myself and the people, but God has 
liiuarkably appeared and the whole is a great scene of Pro^ 
vidence. 

23. — ^The new meeting men had a meeting, and declared 
for the church. They have been in a sad tow since the 
parish meeting and made a f f^at uproar, getting to sign for 
tlie church. They began to frame the honse* 

Mr. Bromileld here. 

t^ugugl 15. — ^There was a council at Gorham that united. 
i\\B two churches and dismissed Mr. Lombard. 

id. — Capt. Haggfst in a mast ship arrived . with young Dr. 
.Coffin. 

£5 — Mf* Deaiae cenie hit e. ' ^ 

£6. — Mr. Peape preached,, a very full meeting* 

JU« — I bad a great company drinking tea, among whom 
yrett Col. Powel and his sisters.. 

90.*— Mr. HoQper (church parson) came here yesterday and 
with him Messrs. Tyng ^4 Palmer* Governor Bernard put 
in here. 

SI.— ^There is a sad uproar about Wiswell» who has declared, 
for the church and accepted (a day. or two ago) of the call 
ovir churchmen have given him to be their mimster. 

tt broke out on a sudden, and bappilylended tpwafdft Ml^ 
Detme's settlement. 

September 2. — (Sundav) A great day this! Mr*. Hooper 
preached to our new church people, and, haptiz^d several, 
children. We had notwithstanding, a full ine(eting.e8peeiall]ii 
^•, m, when I preaoh^d, and Mr. peane p^ i)Bi(.wh,a. than gave 
his answer. 

d. — Mr. Hooper with his company, Capt* Grviog with .his, 

and Mr. Deane with Capt. iPearson.and M«,ioT Freeman sat 

out for Boston. The corner ston^ of the church was laid by 

die wardens, who with their officers were chosfin to day, 

9. — (Sunday) M». WiswcU .preached in theTown-housflu 

S9.---Capt. Brown (who was. here lasjt yea# and whoio 



. •• M<l 



87 

!Mp Sunk going boUne) tatne b«re m'ftn^tber to load -with 

SO. — (Sunday) Mr. WisweU preaehed in the Conrt-hoetse 
to a smaH company. 

Ocfdder 4. — ^Mr. Brown (late of Marshfield) eame here in 
order to preach at Stroudwater^ 

8. — Mr. Wiswell sailed in the mast ship, Capt. Hagget. 

11. — ^Mr. Deaiie came to town, and with him Mr. Brooiij, 
with bis wife. 

17. — Mr. Peaoe was ordained. A great solemnity, and % 
▼ast collection of j^eople. Mr. Adams began with prayer, 
Mr. Miriam preached, Mr. Merril prayed before the charge-- 
I gave it, Peter gave the R. H. F. and Mr. Woodard closeo 
with prayer. 

£4. — Mr. Eaton was ordaine<1 at Harpswell. 

The young folks have had a rampant frolic of it. 

November 24. — Mr. Brown retunred to Stroudwater. 

S5. — (Sunday) Our Sabbath frolickers now ride to hear 
Brown, as they ased to do Wiswell. 

27. — I rode with Mr. Deane to Conant's and Proctor's ; I 
prayed with the fbrmer who had his leg amputated by Nath. 
Coffin, and Mr. Deane with the latter, who has his arm broken 
in two places. 

Deeembtr 11. — I rode to Father Skiilin's flmeral. He 
reckoned be was in his 100th year. 

31. — ^The wiDter thus far has paid us off. There has been 
nothing like it, since the winter between 1747 and 1748. 

Obtaining help of God, I continue. I am in good heahh, 
but am slow in recollecting and thinking. 



1766. 

ifdnuarv 8. — The country from Boston to Portsmoath is 
entirely blocked with snow. 

16. — Mr. Foxcrofl was ordained at N.Oloucester. We had 
a pleasant journey home, Mr. L. was alert and kept us merry 
•—« jolly ordination — -ive lost sight of decorum. 

20. — (Sunday) Mr. Brown preached here. All the cburch- 
rotR, except Mr. Hope, came*to meeting, and p. ro some that 
went to Stroadwater, and many going turned back. 

22.^-The ships and ether vessels loading here are a won- 
,derful benefit to us. They take off vast quantities of timber, 
mastji, oar-raders^ boards, b.c. , 

Fdiraary 25 — A vessel from Newbury brought in 500 
bushels of corn, and Dyer of Purpoodock 1000, which with 
> the flour in towa are a woaderfiU riKef to the people. 



\ 
I 



88 

Mardi 4»— -The cliarch at N. Casco gave Mr. FiUfor a «lill. 

10. — One Davis brougbt from Boston 1000 bu$be1s of 
coru; and neighbor Mayo and I^ieat. Themes 1000 more. 

IS. — Col. Waldo came home with Brigadier Preble and 
brings news that Stroudwater is made a parish hy the Court 
(with Long Creek) and that Purpoodock b not made a Dis- 
trict. 

14. — Jeremiah Pote came in from N. Carolina and brought 
2900 bushels of corn ; Mr. Saunders sent here 500 bashels 
in a schooner that brought as much more. 

16. — Father Proctor died hj the night ag;ed S5. 

S7. — Annual parish meeting. My full salary and Mr. 
Deane^s were voted ntmine contradicente. Forty returned 
their names and were therefore setoff to Stroudwater parish, 
and £48 L. M. were allowed them. The Church parties' 
petition to be exempted from paying to Mr. Deane*s settle- 
ment and sdlary, was dismissed. The meeting was"" quite 
peaceable. ^ Blessed be God. 

^prU 9. — The robin this morning, first in^de his appear- 
ance. 

10. — The Spring bird (as usual) came this morning and 
with the robin gave us a serenade. 

22. — Stroudwater parish gave Mr. Brown a call. 

^^y §!>. — I ^as over at the funeral of CoU Cu^ng, who 
died yesterday morning. 

27. — ^Doct. Coffin with the palsy, continues breathing. 

June 10. — Mr. Deane set off for the ordination of Mr. 
Winship at Woolwich. 

July 11. — ^Mr. Deane's house was raised. 

29. — I sat out for Cape Ann, with Sally and Pater in ano^ 
tber chaise, 

August 1. — Got to Cape Ann about 16 o'clock. 

6. — ^Rpde to Boston. 

12. — Sat out for home. 

15.— Got home weU, thanks to God. * 

15. — ^Lasl night there was a great mob in Boston, thatdei- 
stroyed the new stamp house and attacked the Secretary's. 

21. — Mr. Bi'own was installed. ; 

22. — On Monday there was a second mob, that did Tiolenee 
to Capt. Halloway's and Story's houses and almost ruined 
the Lieut. Governor's whose loss by it is computed at i^OjOOO. 
Intoxicated by liquors, found in the cellar of Mr. Halloway, 
the rioters inflamed with rage, directed their course to the 
house of the Lie^t. Gov. Hutchinson, whose family was in- 
stantly dispersed, and who after attempting in vain to save 
himself within doors, was also constrained to depart to sftfe 
his life. By four in the morning, one of the best houses in 
tjie Province was completely in ruins, nothing remaining but 



89 

tin bare watts and floors. The .plate, family pictaret. mofi 

of the furniture, the wearing apparel, about £900 sterling m 
money, and the manuscript books which Mr. Hutchinson had 
been thirty years collecting, besides many public papers hk 
ilia custody, were either carried off or destroyed. 

September 10. — A mob lately attacked with great outrage^^ 
Mr. oennet, and did great damage. 

12. — ^We hear of mobs continually at Newport, Conheeti* 
cut, k,c* as well as in this Province. Affairs seem to be 
ripening to an universal mob ; all relative to the Stamp oft- 
cers, who are obliged to give up their commissions. 

18. — We hear there is a change of the ministry at home 
which gives great joy, and puts a stop to that of mobs relative 
to the Stamp Act. 

£5- — ^The General Court was called together with respect 
to the distressed state of the country, and the universal un- 
easiness and opposition to the Stamp Act. 

October S3.— The General Court met about the Stams 

ct. 

25. — ^Mr« Thrasher was found dead this morning in his- 
loft. 

November 6. — Mr. Williams' was ordained at New-Casco, 

7. — Mr. Savage came with his wife to live here. 

DeeemherSS* — I prayed with Mrs. Cox on the news of the 
death of her husband. 

26. — News of Mr. Puddington being cast away. 



1766. 

^ t 

Janucary 8.-*-ik mob here assembled, tiNreatened the cus- 
tom-house. 

14. — Doet. Coffin, (who died on Saturday, the 11th) was 
#urid9. 

. 23.-^This morning at 5 o'clock, we had a very alarming 
earthquake, though not so great as that 5 years ago, yet con- 
tinued as long. 

t4. — We had the repetition of an earthquake in several 
smaller shocks. 

^fhruary 12. — We have had news fcwr a good while of a 
change in the ministry at home. The Duke7)f GrafVon, and 
General Conway, Secretaries in the room of the execrable 
•Earl of Bute, and Mr. Greenville, which gives us great joy, 
with respect to the hopeful prospect of a redress of our colony 
grievances. 

28* — We have had of (ate, several vessels from England 
with abundance of news relative to the Stamp Act, mostly 
*8 



90 

promising a repeal or nispen&ion of it. The nation, (city and 
country, merchants and manufacturers) are in a mighty toss 
. about it| and the Parliament know not what to do between a 
desire of relicYing us, and of saving their own credit and 
authority. It was a rash thing, occasioned by Mr. H. and 
' other New-England men, ripened by Mr. Greenyille and the 
old ministry. 

Monk l.T— In the course of the year past there have died. 

the Duke of Cumberland ; the Prince William of the royii 

blood of England ; the £mperor of Germany ; the Dauphin 

, of France ; the Princess Dowager of Orange $ the reignioig 

. Dukeof Ambalt ; the Duke of Parma ; the Dukes of l^ton 

and Dorset, and other great personages. 

14b— Tonday was as great a Nr£. storm of snow as ever 
was known, perhaps greater. 
SO.— tiarper came in with 9000 bushdis of corn. 
Sd. — Annnaltownmeeting, very full. The principal oM^ 
eers, the same as last year, except Mr. Ephraim Jones in the 
room of Maj. Waite. 

£6. — Annual parish meeting. They established my salarr 
for the future (with my consent) £750 O. T. the same with 
Mr. Deane's. The officers the same as last year. 
30. — Had 6 pounds of Brewster's chocolate at 14(f. a pound. 
[t noticed this as one of hundreds of inatanoes not^|n Mif. 
Smith's JoMmals, to showiiow fond he was of \hi3 nuiricious 
article.] 

31. — ^The talk and concern of people since the storm, (tfie 
14th) is about Weeks U Company. We lia^e good news 
from home that gives us hopes of the repeal of the Stamp Act. ^. 
Hr. Pitt has very zealously engaged in our intere^ty and the 
. ministry is so. 

Jfyril 3. — ^l married Mr. t)eane with Euiuce Pearson. 
May 16. — Capt. Tate in a large matt ship, camf here, in Sb 
days from London, and 24 from the Land's End, who Wn|| 
certain news that the Stamp Act is repealed. 
.. 18. — We had an express with confirmation of the repeal of 
the Stamp Act. 

1 9. — Our people are mad with drink and joy ; bells ringing, 

drums beating, colors flying, guns firing, the court-house 

Huminated and some others, and a bonfire, and a deluge f^ 

drunkenness. '^' 

£0.— Our house was illuminated, and a great many others. 

June 24.— The mast ship sailed. Capt. Haslop came ii^j^ 

^nd a ship from Barbadoes. The Supreme Court sat j^udg^ 

livnde here also. 

, 49. — (Sunday) The Lieut. Governor, Judse Oliver, Mr. 
Goff, Mr. Wintbroj) and Mn Bowdgifl, at getting. 



8fl 

/t% £4. — ^Public thanksgiving on aecount of the repeal of 
the Stamp Act. 

Jhiguii 10.— I was married [to the widow Wendell.] 

September !• — ^The town is full of strangers. 

30. — ^Tbere is a great change in the ininistry at home. Mr. 
Pitt made a Viscount and Earl^ and in great favor. 

October S9. — There is a council meets at North- Yarmouth 
to-daj, viz: Messrs. Chandler, Hale, Langdon, Stevens, 
Xianoton and MorHU, with delegates. 

Mvemberl. — ^There are 6 large ships now lying in the 
harbor. 

17. — ^Ihad 19 poands of chocolate (see page do.) 

19. — ^There are great and universal complaints for want of 
money, [a lamentable oecnrrenee, but not an uncommon one;] 

£8.---€ol. Powel and the justices are together all this week, 
taking evidences about Mr. Hope's will. 

December^ — [Nothing suitable to the design of these 
extracts.] 



1767. 



Jamawf^ 1.—- Had S3 lbs. of Brewster's chocolate (see page 
90.) 

li. — ^Deacon Milk broke his thigh ; this is the third time. 

19. — I returned (from Windham) on horseback. [Thn 
mode of riding, Mr. Smith might have mentioned because he 
mfetfi there in a sleigh : and Inotice it because I was just now . 
refieeting, that notwithstanding his age, it appears to have ' 
iheen his usual way of riding out ; (unless when he took bis 
wife with him) be was fond of a good horse, and of riding on 
his ba<^ and well knew how to manage one.] 

Wkhruary 3. — ^There has been a great fire at Boston, it con- 
iwnefl twenty dwelling-houses, 'besides other tuiildings, most- 
ly in Paddy's Alleyl 

£4. — Mr. Craft returned- from Boston. A broken heir of 
old Hope, his will being vacated. 

. 15. — ^Visited Capt. Ross, under a coarse of mercury, Ua a 
caiwer. 

28. — ^The controversy and uneasiness with the Governor 
Mntinues and increases. 

Marfsk 5. — John Cotton has had three lectures lately in this 
neighborhood. 
■ 17.-«Hecotitin«esthem. 

'21. — Obtaining h^lp of God, I condnne to this tlay,on 
MiehIttnB$ jr^ars dfage, Ihkii God hemtHy, Itove 



92 

toy healthy and am stronger than I was through most of my 
youniter life. 

April 22. — Craft broke into goal by the assistance of mother 
Hope. 

May^^* — Brigadier Freble was chosen our representative^ 
without opposition. "^ 

June 5.---Curtis Chute and one Toune, where killed in an 
instant by the lightning, at the widow Gooding's ; Harrison 
and others hurt and near being killed, and the house near 
being destroyed also. 

SO. — f sat out with my wife on a journey for Boston. 

/uly fB.*'>-We got home. 

[On the 31st of this month, there was a violent hurricane in 
Falmouth, which as Mr. Smith did not notice it) I have ob- 
lAined an account of, from a friend, as follows, vis. 

" It commenced nbar Sebago Pond, took an easterly direc- 
tion, passing through Windham, and directly over the Duck 
Pond, passed through the north part of Falmouth, and the 
SQUtb part of North Yarmouth, (now Cumberland] to the sea. 
It appears to have been the most violent in the town of Fal- 
mouth. It took the roof off the house ofMr.Purringtoo,situated 
near the Duck Pond, and prostrated every tree in its way, ex- 
cept a few sturdy oaks, but abated in some measure after it 
entered North Yarmouth, so as not to do much damage in 
Ihat town. It extended in breadth about three quarters of a 
mile."] 

jfugtMf 80. — Mr. Thacher preached all day. Mr. Deane 
lor him. 

SepUMer 14. — Mr. Thacher gave his answer to Gorham. 
. 16. — We have melancholy news from home, viz. That tto 
Parliament have passed a bill to prevent New -York from act- 
ing in General Court until they comply-with the biiletihgs of ' 
the king's troops there, and fixing salaries upon ^he Judges^ 
to be paid in duties laid upon wipe imported, and many other 
articles. ' 

- October M, — Capt. Ross sailed for England in Capt. Heath 
with Capt. Haslop. 

sa. — Mr. Thacher was ordained, (at Gorham.j 

Abi>€7»5er. — [Nothing to be noticed.] 
• Deeemher 12.-^1 hear Wm. Tyng is appointed our sheriffi 

1768. 

[There does not appear to be any thing in the Journal of 
the five first months of this year th:4t merits particular«otice.] 
Jam 1. — Mr. Winter was ordained at Georgetown. 
90.— There was a mob at Boston' on Friday caused bfr 



«93 

seuiiii|( Hancock's sloop. The town is in a sad toss, on ac« 
count of the Commissioners, S£c. 

JuLy 1. — ^Mr. Chipmam was seized with an apopletic fit. and 
died in two or three boars. 

B.~^Tbe Comraissioners are fled to the Castle, which b 
guarded by men-of-war. 

8. — Matters are in a sad toss at Boston. The Governor 
having dissolved the Assembly. 

£0. — Capt. Ross arrived here in a mast ship(Capt. Moore.) 

30. — John Cotton has been here night and day in King 
street, roaring, exhorting and warning and praying ever since 
yesterday was se'nnight. He is ver} crazy. 

August £4. — There was a mob to rescue Nathan Winslow 
from gaol, but they were defeated. 

iSNep(em&er 18.~-An Express arrived from Boston to have 
the mind of the several towns, with respect to the troops ex- 
peeted there. 

ISO. — Fast at Boston on account of the distressed state of 
the Province. 

£1. — ^Town-meeting to consider of the Express from Bos- 
ton. Chose Brigadier Preble to go to Boston to join the 
proposed Committee of Safety for the Province in our pre- 
sent distress. 

30. — ^We hear that Col. Dalrymple arrived on Wednesday 
from Hi#fax at Boston with two regiments, 1000 men. 

October 1.— Mr. Thompson, and the proprietors of PearsoD* 
town, [now Standisb] closed as to his settlement. 

The ships came up and invested Boston, and the troops 
landed. 

8.— Things are in a sad pass in the country. 

£6.**-Mr. Thompson ordained. (Ministers, Messrs. Wlh 
iiamff. Brown (who preached) Smith, Foxcroft, Deane. 

ft7..«»CottaGil at N. Yarmouth. Mr Brookes' men all 
failed* 

' N'wsewktT 2. — ^The Council at N.Yarmouth broke up, hav- 
ing advised Mr. Brooks to ask a dismission, and the people to 
give him £50 L. M. * He has been at N. Yarmouth just five 
years. 

10 — ^The Cork troops arrived at Boston, which puts the 
towB anew in great confusion. 

28. — ^I prayed at the funeral of Capt. Rqss. 

December 8. — ^Deacon Cotton died this morning. 



1769. 

JaniMiry.— {Nothing remarkable.^ 

JFebruary SL — ^fik^ilaod is torn to pieces bj Itinklej, and 
other creditors. 

Mard^ t4*«-<?burch meeting. Messrs. Moody and Tlt- 
Gomb, chosen Deacons. 

J9frU 6.— {duadaj«) It was so dark, I could with difficulty 
leaa my notes. 

[No wonder, for his Sermons were written in as fine a 
hand as his Journal, about equal to a brevier type.] 

4t»—^I first heard the spring bird. The robbin came a week 
•go. 

9£*T-Tbe House of Commons, have concurred with the 
House of Lords against us, and our public affairs have a dark 
face and prospect. 

Ma^ SO. — ^There was a famous Election this week. Elev- 
en new Counsellors chosen. The Governor negatived nine 
of them, together with Brattle and Bowdoin. Hawley refus* 
ed. Cushing is Speaker and Adams Clerk. 

June 19. — News that the Governor is ordered home, and 
that the General Court is adjourned to Cambridge ; und 

ftO* — ^That two of the fegiroents are ordered back to Halifax, 
«ne to New-Tork, and (he other to our Castle. 

July, — [Nothing remarkable.] 

Jhigtui 2. — Governor Bernard sailed this week. 

Sqpiember 8 — Sac. Lecture. Mr. Deane preached on the 
Comet, which now appears. 

26. — Sat out for Boston. 
. October Id. — Got home. 

19. — There was a considerable Earthqtiake last night, and 
another to day at noon. 

Abvem^r.-~[Nothing to be noticed.] 

December 6.-*-The CouBsel at North-Varmouth met for the 
Ordination. 

8.-*-Mr. Gilmas was ordained. Mr. Deane preached. 

1770. 

■ 

Jfl(i»tiary t4.^— John went over Uie Ferry in a sleigh, and 
back in six minutes. 

25 — ^The Dutch sleigh went over four times and returni^d 
in thirty minutes. 

Febmary 28.-^We have bad a close winter : as cold per- 
haps as ever was. 

March to. — ^Mr. Lyde, (our new Collector) came to town 
yesterday. 



m 

lt.<^TheM iMsof kte been Buny firaya btlwcMNi tb«^4olJKiin 

and the inhabitants of Boston, occasioned by abuses from the 
former ; but last Monday eveoing .tlvBre was a t&iy trngic one. 
' The soldiers in King-street, fired on the people and klled tour 
upon the spot, nftortalJy wounded iwo mere, besides wounding 
^ye others. The town is in a great fariaem and iiiet the next - 
day, as did also the Governor and Council. The captain and 
the murderous soldiers were apprehended and oooMsaitted, and 
the troops sent to the Castle. 

31. — Obtaining help from^ God, I continue, and am this day 
68 years old : a wonder to myself and. others* 

£G. — We have the King's Speech to the Parliament (dtb 
" January) which has the same unfavorable spirit as the former 
one against us. 

April 12. — Mr. Hubbard is dropped frgm. being Comoiissa* 
ry, and Cushing appointed in his room ; and John Preble as 
Truck-joiaster, in the room of Goldthwait. 

le. — Col. Waldo died P. M. at 47 years of age. 

SO. — Col. Waldo was buried with great parade under the 
Church, with a sermon, and under arms. 

[His remains were afterwards removed jto Boston.] 

£4. — We have news that the Revenue Act is repealed, ex- 
cept as to Tea ; that Lieut. Governor Hutchinson is appoint- 
ed Governor and Mr. Fiucker, Secr^ary. No rejoicing at 
the news. 

May 1. — ^Mr. Fiucker and Erving to see me. [They had 
been here several times before.] 

14. — A mast ship came in. 

June 23. — Three ships sailed from hence this morning, a 
mast ship, a Deal ship, and a Scotch ship. 

July S. — Capt. Tate, in a large ship came in. 

[Fasts were kept this month here, and at Scarborough, 
Stroud water, Windhamy.and North- Yarmouth, on account of 
f the drought 

August 1. — Mr. Fbxcroft's Fast is to-morrow (at New*. 
Gloucester,) and Mr. William's (at New-Casco) to day« 

2. — Last night came a most blessed rain ;it rained. a great 
deal. 

September 17.-^ We hear that the Lieut. Governor has de- 
livered up the Castle to Col. Dalrymple. 

do. — Mrs. Tate was shot this morning, by a gun set tot 
thieves. 
j October 3.— We bear Mr. Wbltdfield died at Newbury, sab- 

I bath morning (Sept. 30.) 

11. — ^The merchants and traders in Boston have agreed to 
^ rdsoind the non-importation agreement. 

12.~The General Court* have agreed to proceed o» bnai^ 
ae«i at Cambridge. 



96 

to.— The loM Boitmi has sustained, is rated at £150,004^ 
and more. 

ATovember 16. — Capt. Brown Hfktnt in bera in a mast ship 
to load. 

18. — ^ exceeding great N. E. snow storip,^ with a vaat 
abundance ofraia, and very high tides 
. 2p.--We hear 'that the lale snow storm was much more se- 
vere in Boston than hei^, and the greatest that ever was there. 
The tides rose two feet higher than ever was known. From 
the Conduit through the lower and Maine-streets, they sailed 
inboatSy where the water was up to \man's chin. The Cel- 
lars were all full. Some warehouses afloat. The vessels 
much damaged. One schooner thrown on Claik's wharf. 

December 17. — I prayed with Mrs. Pike on the news of the 
death of her husband. 



1771. 

4 

Janumy 9.— Mr. Moody wa& ordained at Arundel. 

Fthruary f7.— A terrible and terrifying night, the last was; 
a prodigious tempest that seemed as if it would blow 4owb 
our houses ; the wind easterly and a great storm of rain,' and 
then snow, and very cold to day, and continues snowing. 

March ft5. — Gh>vernor.Shirley died, aged 77* 

Jtpril lUI. — (Sunday.) Preached a sermon to seafaring 
men. 

May 3. — ^Two mast ships came in, Brown and HinsdalL 

June and Jvly. — [Nothing remarkable.] 

Auguai 1. — Sat out with my wife for Boston in Captain 
Pike. 

80. — Returned In Capt. Holland. 

September, — [Nothing remarkable,] 

OcUher 28.— ^We are- in a great tosa by the seizure of 
Tyng's schooner by a tender. 

November 13. — Mr. Savage [a naval officer] was mob- 
bed. Collector Waldo came home from l4»ndon. 

December 15.-— (Sunday) Mr. .Wiswal, being sick, the 
Churoh people were generally with us. 

4 

1772. 

January.— [Nothing remarkable^] 

February S8. — ^There have been many storms and gales of 
wind through the winter, and three as severe snaps of eold 
weather as ever was. 

March 11. — We have lived upon Moose several days* 



97 

Id. — (Sunday.] I rode.round through the town to meeting. 
There was a gooa foot path as far as Mr.Codman's ; and from 
a canal very narrow, dug through the deep snow, so that 
most of the people went through it singly in a long continued 
string, close upon the heels of one another. 

t9.^Sunday.) I could not see any way I could get to 
meeting, and therefore did not attempt it. Tnere is no sleigh- 
ing through the Main-street, and through the other streets 
the snow is up with the fences. 

Jbril, — (Nothing remarkable.] 

Jnajf d. — (Sunday.) A very full meeting I had de^rabl« 
assistance^ yet can't get over the suspicion, that I am slighted. 

[Such entries in the Journal ofJMr. Smith, were notunfre- 
^uent. Prayers and Sermons which he feared did not meet 
whh acceptance, were often very highly approved.] 

£1. — There was a Moose killed upon jlhe flat^. )Ie was 
first started near' my garden fence. 

June 10. — A mast ship came in. 

July 3. — Goodwin was tried for murder and found guilty. 

6. — Tate was arraigned and pleaded guilty. Goodwin was 
sentenced [at Sufireme Court, which sat this week*} 

8. — Visited and prayed with the prisoners. 

[Several other ministers this month, in tarn did the same.] 

S8. — Extremely hot. The thermometer at the highest. 

39.*— There was a prodigious tempest, with thunder and 
lightning, in aTl the neighboring towns. 

Jiugtat 8. — ^Doctor Cooper and Mr. Bowes came to lodge 
with us. With them eame Doct. Winthrop, Hancock, Brat- 
tle, Hubbard and Calf. 

12. — Hancock and company sailed for Kennebee. 

September 9. — The people are in a sad toss about Murray's 
not being asked to preach. 

23. — ^Tbe prisoner [Goodwin] who was to have been exe- 
cuted to-morrow, has a further reprieve for Aye weeks. 

October 4.-^Bmiday.) Mr. Thacher preached here to the 
great discontent of the people, many of whom went to church 
at Parpoodock, and alt in a sad toss. 

3. — ^Th#re is« famine of Bread in town, no Indian and no 
Floor I no Pork In town or country. 

28. — ^The prisoner has been some days in a bad frame, and 
fioad with every, body. 

29 — Goodwin, who by a second reprieve was to have been 
executed to day, is reprieved again for a fortnight, A com- 
pliment to Mr. Flocker, by solicitation of Wiswel and Clark. 

Mvemher 8,-^Sunday.) The prispiter at meeting. 

12. — Goodwin was executed. Mr. Clark preached a Lee- 
lure, and prayed at the gallows. There was the greatest con- 
course of people ever seen here. 

9 



98 

1^. — f prayed withl>eacon Milk, #bo^ied sdon kfUr. 
Deetittber, — [Nothing reiaarkable.] 

1773. 

January 14. — ^The measles is now spreading here. 
Pefrmarsf.— Extremely cold this winter. 
March 29. — We hear of Capt. Howeirs death in Holland. 
April 19«-^Attended the Aineral of James Milk, [the Dea- 
con's son.] 

May £1. — ^Mr. Cummiogs came from Scotland to live 

here. 

SO. — ^There is much zeal and hot talk amongst ui about 
a ©ew Mdeting-House.***** 

Jtcne 11. — ^People at Boston, and the Gemsral Court are ki 
A great toss about the Governor's and Lieut. Governor's let- 
ters, now come to hand from London. 

29. — The Superior Court met. Judge Oliver, Hutehinson, 
Hopes and Cushing. 

July 8. — ^t*he Thermometar was op to 100. 

^9. — ^We sailed for Boston in a Packet (Pike.) 

September 25. — ^There is an epidemical vomiting and purg- 
ing and fever among the children and others. 

October. — [Almost eVery day Mr. Smith was out, praying 
with the sick and attending funerals. Scarcely any thing else 
is'mentioned in bis Journal for this month.] 

JVbvemkr.^[The same, nearly, may be said for thb 
month.] 

Decemher, — [^d for the chief of this, too.] 

10. — ^The people at Boston are in a' great toss relating to 
India Tea. 

22, 26. — [Mr. Smith here gives an^ccount of the seizure, 
With an appoplexy, in the nighty of bis son John, and of his 
situation until the 26tb, when he died*] 



1774. 

January 10. — ^My son Saunders, died DfalJJaralfticiffl«ot*fcf. 
23.— (Sunday.) It was so cold, I was but 15 lnintrtes1n«er- 

JPctrwaw.— [Mr. Smith, from exposing hhnsdf at ail' tea- 
sons, in the constant discharge of his ministerial duties, bften 
caught cold. He closes his Journal of this month as fWwws.J 

28.— I bless God, that, through the winter, until tiow, Iliaire 



99 

•eeaped my. old grievous go]4> which has been so inuclv the 
afflictioD of my life. 

Marek 8.-^We have got sixteen quarters of lamb and mut- 
ton left. 

[Mr. Smith, it appears, was always well possessed with 
family stores, either by presents, purchase, or by the fruits of 
bis gardiSD and pasture.] 

2£.*— Annual town meeting; Very full and very noisy. 
l%ey quarrelled about placing the Court-HtNise. The ofilters 
tfiesame. J6re. Pole, Selectman and Treasurer, in^ tli| 
room of Capt. Jones. ' ^ 

Sl.ip-Tfao robbin came and tuned up. 

April 19.-^We hear of the death of Mr. Emersoti, l>t, 
Cumroinss and Mrs. Fairfield. 

23. — Harper came in (they say) with 400(^ bushels of Corn. 
> Mmf l£.-^Major Freeman was chosen Representative. 

14. — ^Yesterday General Gage arrived at the Castle as Gov* 
ernor of the JProvince. Boston is shut up by act of Fartiamentu 
The Oustom-House is removed to Marblehead, and the Com- 
missioners to Salem. 

S5. — Our people moved the Town House and School 
House.^ 

A6.-^Atthe Election, Brattle and Royal were dropped, and 
eleven new Counsellors were chosen, but tha Governor 
aliaioghtered [negatived] the most of them ; among whom, 
were Bowdoin, Winthrop and Dexter, (13 in all.) 
' June 1 . — The fatal act of Parliament took place at Boston, 
hy which. ^e port is shut up. The Oommissioners are gone 
with the Governor to Salem, and the Custom-House ofi&ce to 
Plymouth. 

7. — ^Tbe General Court is adjourned this day, to meet et 
Salem.* 

r *Tfae Rouse of ReprafentativeS} resolved : « That a iQ«et!iig of CommUtees 
from the several Oolunies is highly expedient and necesftary, to consult ttpoa 
the present state of the Colonies, and the miseries to which they are and niight 
be reduced by the operation of certain acts of Parliament, respecting Amerlcf , 
and to deUbeMte and determine upon proper measures to be by them recom- 
mended to all the colonies, for the recovery and establishment of their just rights 
4B4Ub^rtiet,clf Us^ religions, and Uie restoration of that union and harmony 
between Great-Britain and ^he Colonies, most ardently desired by all good men.'* 
In pursuance of which resolution, a committee of five persons, (Thomas Cusl^- 
ing; Samuel Adf^m, Biibcvt Treat Vnin^ James Bowdoin and John Adams, 
JE^*n.)^wa#.appQinted to meet committees or delegates from theotlier Colonies, 
^ Philadelphia* or any other place, which shall be judged «Deet on the first day 
^fifpteqiber aeiL Qa the.4th of Supt. delegates from eleven states, appeared 
at Philadelphia, and the next day, having formed themselves into a Ci^ngress, 
unanimously chose PaytooRandolphi' President, tad Ch«rletThoiii]^8oa,Sec« 



100 

14.— The beii tolled all day, as the harbor of Boston is 

shut up. 

17. — ^The Governor dissolved the General Court 

[But the members continued together, until, as gnardians 
of the people, they adopted such measures as the exigencies 
of the (then) Province required.] 

S9. — We had a Past, relative to the sad state of oar pobHe 
affairs. 

SO. — ****made an entertainment yesterday for the Tories, 
(in opposition to the Fast) and *•* and •»• kept their shops 
open. 

Jidy 21. — I find my feet foil, and 1 stiilen in walkmg. 

[Bat his mental powers do not appear to have faiM, nor 
bis ministerial abilities weakened.] 

August — [Nothing remarkable.] 

September a — ^The grand commental Congress are now 
meeting at Phitaddphia. 

5. — The Congress met. 

21.— This morning came here from the eastern towns in 
the county 500 men, near one half armed, to hvunble sheriff 
Tyng ; which having done, they went off. 

22. — Major Freeman was chosen our representative. 

October 26. — The grand continental Congress broke op. 

JSfifvember IQ, — Our [negro man] Jack died. 

December 25.--'I almost killed luyaelf in praying at tho 
funeral of Jer. Tucker ; more than 200 people there. 

27. — ^I prayed with the Free masons, had uncommon 
assistance, (thank God.) [This is a sample of many records 
of tho same kind.] 



1776. 

January 2. — ^There is a|;reat scarcity of corn in this part 
of the country. 

February 3.— We have the King's speech to the new Par- 
liament, and the answer of both houses. 

7. — People are much joyed by. the debates of Parliament, 
which they think begin to loolif in our favor. 

13. — ^There are near 5000 bushelsof corn brought among trs. 

March 1. — 'Tis said there are now 10,000 bushds of com 
lately brought in among us. 

16. — Annual fast, recommended by Congress. 

24. — Annual town-meeting, A general overturn In fiwror 
of the times. ,Capt. John Wait, Moderator, Deacon Moody^ 
Clerks Smith Cobb, Treasurer, Major Freeman, Mussey Ow- 
en, Bracket Merrill, Selectmen. 

28 — ^Mr. Kmg of JOunston, died. 



10} 

I < 

J^rU S.-'^We hav« been flushed for some day^ with n^yrs 
fxom homei t^at the merchants andmanuracturers and other^ 
were rising in our favor, and that Parliament was likely tg 
I epenl ail tha acts ^ hut have now news that sinks us entirely, 
that Parliament and administration are violently resoluite with 
14 ^igates, And 4 juprc new regiment$;(all a coming) by fprce 
|o oblige us to a compliance with the laws. 

|g. — Qapt. Cpulson is very troqblesome. 
. la. — General Gage sent 909 men by night to Concord, tp 
destroy mir maga^in« there, which were driven back, though 
reinforced with 1100 more.^ 

18»--r-To-^dao^our people in many hundreds are collecting 
from all the near towns. The people are every >Yhe^e in the 
Aitmost consternation and distress* 

j|0^^*-The cQpotry is all in alarm every where, sending sol- 
diers to Boston. A civil war is now commenced. 

$1 .-»-Our company of soldiers set out for Boston. 

fi5.~^We sent away to Windham our principal thipgs. Omt 
m 9| p i e are mnoy of them doing the same. 

S8. — We had about 40 men jkilled in the action ofWe4- 
fiesdsgr the lAth« fuwl the reguUurs about . 

*0n tbeir arriTal at Lexiostoii, towmrds five in tlie morniiif , about 10 nea be- 
longing to tliat town, Were fbttnd on tlie parade wmler armi. M^J. Ptttairn, 
wlioledtlietfanQ, gaUoiping vp to thetn,eKlled oat, "dltpouM, disperse y^u 
rebels ; throw down y.oar arms and disperse*'* Tlie sturdy yeomanry not in- 
stantly obeying tll6 ordity ht advineed neare^, fired bis pistol, fiourlsh«d liis 
sword, Hnd ordered his sotdiera to fire: A discharge of arma frotii tbe BrMdi 
'troops, with a hntza, Immediately socoeeded ; several of ll>e proTinoials felled 
the rest dispersed. The firing continued after tiie dispetvioD, and ti)e fiigitl«es 
stopped and retanied<4he fire. Eight Americans were hilled, three or (oar of 
.them by the first fire of the British, the others after they had left the parade } 
several were Mso wotmded. 

The important consequence which followed the event related in the foregoing 
•oCie, have induced i&eto insert it. I would further add, that *• the British i|e- 
tachment proceeded to Concord} tbat aparty of British light iafantiy followed 
theas, and. took possession of the bridge, while the main body entered the town 
And proceeded to execute their commission. They disabled two 24 pounders, 
• threwMO poinds of ball into the river and wells, and broke in pieces alnMit 60 
rlMtrrets of flour." "The militia being ^inforc^, MaJ. Buttrick, of Concord, 
who bad gallantry offered to covroand, advanced towards the bridge, but not 
knowing the tFaasacUoafit Lexington, ordered the men not to give the first fire, 
that the provincials might not be the aggressors. As be advanced, the light in- 
,ltotry retired to the GoncoiNd side of the river and began to pull up the bridge , 
^tfd on his nearer appcoaeh, tbey fired and killed a captain and one of the pri- 
vates ; the provincials returned the fire, a skirmish ensued, and tbe regulars 
were forced to retreat." 

9* 



f 9. — A small man •f war (tbe Caoso, Capt MoM){M«inrt] 
Aas been here some time. Capt. Coolaon and hia abipyWiiidi 
aiakes the people all in a toss. 

90. — We are coDtinttattjr disquieted^ aippretieniiTe tba€ we 
and the whole country are iDcvitably and entirely ruinedt We 
hear that General Carlton of Canada, is coming upon as witli 
en areoy, and that 40 or 50 Indiaris are certati^ disootered 
upon the back of Royalstown,[now Duriuun]. IHlis waeaooA 
quieted. 

Jday U — We hear the Bostomans httte deli?ered vqp theit 
arms to the selectmen. * 

2. — We have a great army of twenty thonsand or tnortfof 
oar piOTiaeials at Cambridge and Roxbary, pr^ating to>at* 
tack General Gage, with the King's troops in Boston^- white 
the people there are in the utmost perplexity and eonftisioii.'' 
. 6.— ^Boston Is closely shut up, so that there is no going out 
or coming in. On Saturday and Monday last, about ft or 
900 were permitted to go out. * ^ a 

S.-— Various are the accounts weda^ reoeite IkomBotlM^ 
and little can be depended on, only that Genera] Gaee is daily 
securing the town, having entrenched upon B e aco n Hill, Fort 
Hilisuid Cops Hil&» while these is much uAkoi fresh fereei 
expected. 

10.— ^esteniay one CoLTfaompsoa cane here with acorn* 
pany of men from Brunswick, to take the man of war here 
and Coulson's ship, and Capt.Moit his. 
* 11.— ••Doctor •*-*-— and Parson Wiswell walking oe the 
neck, were taken by them and made prisoners, which made a 
vast tumult. The Gorhamites^ with some from Windham, 
and Capt. Phumey, (called CciMol) Hart Williams and Stew- 
ard, joined them in the night, and having rifled Coukon's 
hoQse of aH in it, they went off a Friday.* 
& 19. — Th% town has been in great distress, many women and 
children have moved oat, and^he most have sent their princi- 
pal goods into the country. A dreadful day ! 

16. — Parson Wiswell went off. 

flft>— Yesterday our provincials had a skirmish with the 
regulars at Chelsea, Noddles and Hog-Island ; we killed ser-^ 
eral, but lost none. Drove the sheep and cattle away and 

hnrntacottef. 
June4.— (Sunday) The church people met, and Edward 

(hmard read prayers. 

7. — A man oi, war (the Senegal] of 14 guns, Capt. Dud- 
denson, came in here whh two tenaers. 

] 4. — ^Them was.an alarm muster. A goodly appearance ! 

16. — ^Two thousand more troops and' 850 hol-ses arrived 

•K«r • pankuTftr Mwsait «r (hit, (esIM • T|iofliptoM Wsr'^ sSf a|»p«idts. 



lOS 

tlN» wMc ftt S^stois^ tbat Game's mnay now eonsistt of oidre 
ihao »ix thousand, some say 7 or 8000. ' 

l7....0harlestowD was buTut, 
. 19. — Friday nig^ last, aome hundreds of our proTincial 
^MOiTf began to entrench on a hill in Chartestown, and on 
i^aturday were attacked by more than two thousand of the 
^ef^larsi under the camion of the man of war, Capt. Hill, and 
.fioatiog batteries Our men so vastly overpowered in num* 
bers, were obliged to retreat with the loss of about fifty killedi 
(amoi||; wbom was Doc Warren) and the regulars had a thou- 
sand killed, some say 14 or near l&OO, among whom are SSt, 
'kffieers. 

iU.-'-Mr. Nash was ordained at New-Boston, [now Oray.] 

S6^— ^Peofde are anprebeiBlve of a famine, there being a 
-soaceity of corn and flour. 

/ttff 1.— Capt. Ross came in with 3 or 400 barrels of flour. 
. &— Capt. Bracket and compaay mardiedto Cambridge. 

6. — Mr. Deane had a lecture P. M. to Capt. Bradish and 
conpaiiy, on their going to the army with a regiment from 
these parts. 

• 10. — F,am veisela oame in, S flrom the West Indies and one 
from Maryland, with 1600 bushels of corn, and one before 
with as much more. 

19l— •Oroaby came here in a brig With 9500 bushels of corn 
and --*-* barrels of flouEy so that we are plentifully relieved 
from all fears of a famine. Blessed be God. - 

10.—- (Sunday) A full meeting; though so many are moved 
back, and 60 of sradish's meat who belong to us. 

fO.-«-Contiaental fast. 

Jiitgmi i3b-^TIiere if a company of soldiers here from tho 
oavtward: 

£5. — I went over to Porpoodock and lodged at Mr. Clark's. 
. S6.-^ preached there with much assistance and to much 
acceptance. Mr. Clark gone to the army. 

SepttmUr ft5««-*Parson Clark jand Mr. Lancaster dined 
here. 

ikMer 15.«^8unday,) Mr. Deane being unwell, I preach- 
ed all day, and admmlstered both sacraments. 
. 10. — ▲ fleet of Ave or six vessels of war anchored at the 
Island with Mowet, a cat bomb iship, two Cutter schoonera 
and a^mali boiab sloop. 

17. — ^They came up before the town, P. M. sent word that 
in two hoars they should fire uped the town, which was res- 
pitetl^ 

18.^-TiU nine this morning, when they began and continu- 
ed 'tin dark, with their mortars and camon, when with ma- 
rines landing, they burnt all the lower part of the town and up 
ftsfiur M Mr. Bradbury 'S| txoeptiog Mra. Boas' two bouses^ 



104 

and soti Stomas* shop and stores, my boase being IficItitfM.^ 
I rode to WindbaiB jnst before the firing began, as did Mtt. 
Smith yesterday. A solemn time ! 

^2.--(3unday,] I preached at WindhaM. 

My barn being saved, (thoagh on fire serefal times,] iltt wtt 
getting up here our hay, kc. 

My house was the last that was burnt, though seteral timet 
on fire, and not ^till near dark, and kinged by [from] Capt 
fSan forth. We lost [here Mr, Smith enumerates what ht 
losLl 

M}V€mler. — [Mr. Smith at Windham this month, he says, j 

25, — I rode to Falmouth i» order to preach, but could g€^ 
no lodgings, therefore returbed to Mr. Codman% [who then 
liired at Gorham, near the bounds of Falmduth.] 

Decembers — (Sunday,) I preached here ailt day, to tlHI 
aoldiers and about 20 families. 

4. — I returned to Windham, having met with great kfhd- 
ness from Mr. Ilsley and wife, and made a very welcome 
and very satisfactory visit. . General Frye and PlreMc break- 
fasted with me, 

[Mr. Smith preached at Windham the other Sundays in 
this month, and his son Peter once for him at Capt. Blake'^, 
where he frequently used to preach himself.] 

Thus ends a very remarkable year, remartsabte to aH the 
people of the State, but especially to the inhaMtairtsof Fa!»* 
mouth, [now Portland.] 

1776. 

4 

/enk^Merf^Nelfaing remarkftble.] 

FAruitry 10. — A. fatal day. 

ll.'^Sunday,) P^ttr )treacbod at Falmouth and I ut 
Windham, 

l». — Peter returned with the sad news of his brother 
{Thoma%] being siek, M4Hc)y was tonfinaed by another lelter 
In the evening. H« vat wtatd on MoBda^r with a.^leuri|iy 
«lhd fever, at Cape Aim. ' 

14. — Wq beard by ElwdJ, ifeat he was mueb better, on Sat- 
urday, but 

15.-*^To day We tibavd by a letter from M«« WiBtiwQp, that 
4ito died ott Saturday ev^n^g. 

19. — His wife and Peter sat out for Cape Ann. 
- Mtirch a.--^QMr Pird VM iai mB befiao te cawaaoade ana ibom- 
bard Boston. 



. 1 



"^SW tepmsmtittM^nm ^ftAitet.ikfv^'x^' 



105 

4.'-The Provincials continued Itfst night and to tdc^, tni 
entrenched and fortified two hills on Dorchester neck. 

7,— General Fast. 

20. — We have the^news confirnied that How, with the To* 
ries, left Boston and fell down below the Castle^ A surpri* 
sing event ! 

2 4. — The peri-pneumonich disorder, of which my son died/ 
liias ever since prevailed in Falmouth, and is very mortal. Wes- 
terman, T. Womninean and Dawson, have died on our Neck ; 
Maj. Berry, Capt. Haskill, Bayley and Sawyer, at Back 
Cove ; Mr. Wyer, Mrs. Riggs, Picket and Trickey at 
Stroud water ; Dunnam and Pearson at Presompscot ; Capt» 
Buchnam and wife, Underwood and Austin, and others at 
New Casco. We hear old McLellan lately died, also Zech- 
eriah Sawyer and a son of Capt. Gooding and Mr. Merril. 

27. — The troops arid fleet sailed yesterday and to day from 
Boston, supposed to Halifax. 

•^{pril.— [Mr. Smith continued to preach at Windhamy and 
sometimes his son Peter for him at Falmouth. 

Nothing now appears in his Jdurnal of his praying and 
vbiting the sick, of which his former Journals were so full ; 
nor are the pa^es half so 'full of other matters as they were 
before the burning of the town, and his removal to Wind- 
bam.} 

14. — I pleached all day at Windham. PeUr for me. No 
lodging, eating nor horse-keeping a\ Falmouth. 

29.— -(Sunday) Rode to Falmouth and preached. Dined 
at Justice Pearson's and returned to Windham. 

90. — Mr. Bodge was seized with the epidemic sickness ; it 
is in many houses here, and every where through the coun- 
try. A proper pestilence. 

May 17. — I rode to Falmouth, p. m. 

18. — Continental Fast. I prmtehedy a. m.^ Dined at Jus- 
tice Pearson's. 

20. — (Sunday) I preached a. m. Dined at Deacon Tit- 
comb's, where I lodged. 

21. — Returned to Windham. 

June 8. — We rode and dined at Major Freeman's fat Sac* 
earappa.} Drank tea at Mr. Ross' and lodged at Mr. Cod- 
man's fat Gorham.] 

0.— Rode down to Falmouth. 

10. — (Sunday) Put up at Mrs. Child's. Preached, a. m. 

tSome of these extracts may appear to be too unimportant 
e recorded here. They are Huerled to shew the employ- 
ment of Mr. Smith's time, in his exiled state.] 

>yy 4.-^ A great plot, discovored at New York, to destroy 
the magazine, uie staff-ofiicers, See. 
90.— We have news of the repulse and defeat of Coromo- 



te« fi^ Peter Fftiliiir,.wkii eight meitof waf, Md Bait Coco- 
wallis and General. €lUitoo> with their, troojis, in an attack oa 
Charleston, S. C. with great loss to them aad but Uttle tau& 
fOfr. Smith rode to Fhlmoutli four times this month.] 

• ^uguH> — [There is nothing particular in the Journal o£ 
this month that need to be noticed. Mr. Smith rode to Fal- 
lllouth ae often as in the Ikst.] 

• S$ftember 10. — I gave up the whole of eay last year's salarjr; 
to the parish, and aecepted of £76 for this year. 

[He rode to Falmouth, to preach but twice this month.] 

Oofofter.-— [Mr. Smith rode to Falmouth and preached 
•Vcru Sabbath.]: 

•Mnwiiifter.-^- [Nothing remarkable*] 

December 4.*— fhrery fourth man is drafted for the army 
eyety where. 

' {Mr* Smith contianed at Windham all this month. There 
was one important event this year, which Mr. Smith haa no4 
noticed. The Declaration of Independence, July 4th.} 



1777. 

January. — [There are but seven Entries made in the Jour- 
nal of. tte Months and neither of them of an>f Qonse(}uence.] 

Fehruanf 5.-»— We had a puUic Fast. I bad (as usual) gres^t 
inistanceL 

9. — I am enabled to preach loud and strong. 

101—^ prayed at the funeral of Mr. filnoch Moody, who 
dtwl suddenly a Monday evemog. 

JtfarcA.— [Nothing to be remarked, but that altho' Mr,Smith 
was 75 years old this month, he was able frequeatly to ride on 
hevsebeck, and to'perform his mlnistevial duties ^ ^ usua],'^ — 
and that since the year 1775 his Journals are conined to o^oft 
page tfivly for each month.] 

^pril 19. — ^There haTbeenjio news for 5 oi 6 weeks etthei 
from our armies or Europe. 

SO.— »There is a great and increasing scar city of proviaioris 
except fish, of whiefa ^ere is a vast quantity. There b na 
provision to be got, at Boston. A most distressing time. 

•Wajf—* [Nothing remarkable. It appears, however, that Mr. 
Smith now lived at Falmouth, though he had not mentioned 
Ms remoral from Windham.) 

t9, — ^The town has ohooen two Representatives, Brtgadiet 
Preble and Capt. Noiee. 

' Jung 9.^*Howe with his army, have been for e good* while 
cooped up in Brunswick by Gen. Washington dotd hia arm^ 
at Princeton, having had tkiniaishes in oar £%¥««• 



107 

[The pages of his Journal now be§io to be fiUed agaia, 
but nothing remarkable this monih.] 

July. — [A full page, but chiefly relating to the weather, 
(raw and cold until the 14th.) and to. presents nfiade to him.] 

18. — We hear Ticonderoga is taken — ^it was deserted by 
General St. Clair, without any fighting. 

€0. — (Sunday) I 'improved the astonishing news, news 
which throws the whole country into wonder and distress. 
Lord help us ! ' 

S3. — Howe's army is at Straten island. 

August — [The Journal now and until December follow- 
ing, contain, as usual, two pages to each month. 

1. — We hear Howe has left the Jersey's going somewhere, 
either to Delaware or North River or Boston. 

15. — We hear Howe has returned from Delaware to New 
York, and intends to go up the North River to join Bargoyne, 
who has gpt to Saratoga. 

27, — Provisions awfully scarce and dear. 

30,-r-We live from hand to mouths God gives day by day, ' 

IZrC. 

31. — (Sunday) I was enabled to speak with great strength 
and spirit. 

September 1.— Onr prospects are now better as to the 
northern army, having bad several successful victories. 

7.^ Sunday) Was greatly assisted We have not bad a 
note for any sick person for 9 or 10 Sabbaths. 

2S. — General Washington, with half his army, had an action 
(on the 11th) with the wEoleof Howe's, in which he, lost the 
field and several hundred men, and Howe double. 

30. — Our Col. Brown, &c. have got possession of Mom^ 
Hope D^nct at the French lines, at Ticonderoga. 

General Burgoyne has got into bad plight, enclosed by e«Nr 
army nnder Geperal Gates, Arnold and Lincoln ; near Fort 
Edward. 

Odoher^^, — ^We have much and grestt n^ws of the suc- 
cesses of our Northern army, that have inclosed Burgoyne's. 

25. — I have not been caUed out to any si^k person this 
'week. 

26. — (Sunday) We had the news, p. m. by thf post, authen- 
tic, of the astonishing victory of Gen. Gates in taking Gen. 
-Borgoyne's whole army. Onr people wete hereupon npad 
in their rejoicing. 

JStQvemher l.-^Gar Falmouth-built privateer sailed. • 

2. — (Sunday) I thought I did well, but imagined I was 
alighted. 

9. — (Sunday) Same. 
^ dO.--( Sunday) I cant but think I am slighted. 

J These suspicions are revived af\ier a long interval.] . 
l^cemhtr 18.--Continenta} Thanksgiving. 



108 



1778. 

* 

[The Journal for the first half of this year and lor Novem- 
ber, have but one page for each month, all the rest have two 
pages each and are iiill.l 

January 5.— General Washington is gone info winter 
quarters. 

19. — The mast-ship (Capt. James) sailed. . 

February, — [The Journal for this month relates chiefly to 
the weather.] 

March £7. — Regimental Training, to enlist men to rein* 
Ibrce General Wa^ington. 

29. — (Sunday) Had marvellous assistance, freedom/bc. 

w^pril 13. — A French man of war came in here with a 
packet to Congress. 

19. — (Sunday) I preached all day. Mr. Deane at Bidde* 
ford. 

tt, — Annual Fast,— was mueh assisted. 

[I notice these expressions of assistance, to show how won- 
'derfully Mr.- Smith held out ; now 76 yeais old.] 

£5.— We have great news ; that Lord Norfh is seeking an 
aceomraodation with the Colonies, by Commissioners to treat 
with them. 

May. — [Nothing remarkable.] 

June 17. — Five of our young men have lately been inocu- 
lated and have got well. 

£0. — Our people are all mad about inoculation. They 
have built a new Pest House, and the first class, of 41, ar« 
entered. 

££. — General How is gone, and Gen. CUnCOn wkh his ar- 
mj have left Philadelphia. 

£6. — ^The Commissioners from England are arrived to treat 
about peace. 

July £. — Gen. How is gone home, and Clinton succeeds 
him. - 

The British army have evacuated Philadelphia and taken 
the rout of the Jerseys. Washington is pursuing them ; Lee 
is attacking, and Gates advancing to meet the Commission- 
ers, and Congress are corresponding. 

Between £ and 18. — About this time (at Monmouth) ott^ 
army battled it all day with the enemv, and drove them. We 
had 160 killed and they 8£0 and leu 60 prisoners. Many 
hundreds of Hessians have deserted to us. 

31. — People fear a famine. The Indian com curls and Is 
like to come to nothing, and there is no prospect of any poti^ 
toes nor turnips nor any sauee at all. Lord have mercy up- 
cfhus. 



109 

&S. — We have news bj a hand bill of the arrival of a 
French fleet at the Hook, of l^Mne of battle and 4 frigates, 
and that the people are flocking to our army. 

SI. — We have news of the arrival of 1 1 more French men- 
of-war at Sandy Hook, and they have taken 16 (out of 17) 
ships from Cork with provisions. Also, that some of thd 
French fleet are co-operating with General Sullivan in an 
attack on New York. 

August 1. — All the talk is about the expedition to Newport. 
The people are flocking there in companies of th^ principal 
ilihabitants, of Salem, Newbury ,^ Stc. to co-operate with two 
Brigades froin .General Washineton's army, and the French 
fleet who are at Newport. 

21. — We hear that General Sullivan, with bis army,are*en- 
camped on the heights, within half a mile of the enemy, and 
were to attack them yesterday. 

31.:— Our troops got ofl* Rhode Island and are retiring to 
Providence as head quarters, an^ that the French fleet got to 
Boston last Friday. 

Septernher 1. — A British fleet under Admiral Byron, of 1?: 
capital very large ships, are arrived at the Hook to reinforce 
XiOrd How, against the French fleet. 

. 18.— To day an express arrived from France at Piscata- 
qua, with news that the French fleet had obtained a cempllste 
victory over the British, and th^t England had declared war 
against her. 

21. — Boston is in a great toss, preparing for the British 
fleet and army, expected to attack them and the French fleet. 

SO. — ^Tbere is a terrible dysentary that prevails and rages 
at the westward. There is not a child three years old left in 
lM[ystie. Doct. El^ot died of it, and Mr. Adams of Water- 
town. 

Oct^rSA^ — (Or thereabouts^ for there is no particular 
date.) The Commissioners at New York have put out a 
manifesto, threat^nini^ the utmost horrors of war, in case of 
bur standing out agamst their proposals 'till the 12th of No- 
Kemiier next. 'TIS thought their^ ^^^^jg? is to destroy all our 
^aport towns. 

. We hear that the British fleethave fallen down to the Hook, 
and that 150 ships. Transports, have come up the Sound, as 
^ as New Haven, and 'tis thought they are designed for Bos* 
ton. That they are preparing against them at Boston. 
Twelve buadred men are at work fortifyipg. 

Nbvetnher S.- The French fleet sailed from Boston, and 
jp|1 is BOW quiet as to fear from danger of the eneKa>^s torn* 

10 



no 

lS.-^To-diiy tliere is as great a soQtherly atonn of rain as 
has been known. It blew down fences, Mr. Butler's boust 
and other buildings. 

16 — ^All ibe news is that the enemy are embarking at New 
Tork for the West Indies and Halifax. 

%^, — ^Common laborers have four dollars a day, while mij> 
isters have but a dollar, and washer-women as much. 

30. — It is a melanchoUy time upon many accounts. Law- 
ful money is reduced to be worth no more than old tenor. 
Creditors don't receive an eighth part of their old debts, nor 
ministers of their salaries. 

jbeceniber 31. — The thought of people now is, that the ene- 
niy will keep Newport, New York, and Long Island, thi^ 
winter. 

Through the favor of Providence, we are well stored with 
provisions for winter. 

It has been a year of si^h remarkable health in this Par- 
isbf that for near the last half of it there has been but one noto 
for any sick person, (viz. Capt. Blake.) 

Mr. Cbase, minister of Kittery, was frozen to death. A 
team with 4 oxen and an horse, and the driver were frozen to 
^eath on Boston Neck, all standing up, as were several other 
pt^rsont. 

1779. 

[The JoiMPDal of thia« and all the succeeding years, arecon^ 
twined in but one page only for each month.] 

January 3. — (Sunday,) T meet with much difficulty in see- 
ing to read my notes. |ilt is surprising that he had not occa^ 
sion to make this observation long before.] 

Our company of SoldieFs are reduced to ten. 

4. — It is wonderful how the people live here on the Neck, 
lor want of bread, there being little to be bought, and that so 
monstrous dear. 

a. — ^The people upon the Neck, universally, have Ua some 
weeks past, suffered extremely for want of wood, there bav^ 
ing been no sledding, and the earting very bad, and wood 
thereupon raised tq 20 dollars ^ cord, [but doubtless in papei^ 
J|U)Bey.) 

^iq.--(Sunday,) It rained very hard A. M. I rode to meet^ 
ing in a chaise and preachpd, but Mr. Deahe not cojoiof^ 
down there was no meeting P. M. [Mr. Deane, after the 
town was burnt, moved to, and lived at Gorham, near thu 
bounds of Falmouth.] 

t8.^Ck)od sledding ; wood has fallen to 8 dollars. 



Ill 

S8.— ^Congress have called in 15 millions of their dollars 
by way of tax this year ; two millions is the part of our State. 
Febrwiry — [Nothing that requires particular notice.] 
March 21. — (Sunday,) My e>e sight failed and .worried 
me. 
27. — Mr. Frothingham dined with us. 
AprU 1, — There is a grievous cry for bread in all the sea- 
port towns, and there is but little meat and no fish yet. 

6. — Parish meeting. The people voted not to make any 
[further] allowance to their minister's salary, so they stand 
£75 a year. 
7. — Indian meal is sold at 30 dollars a bushel. 
IS* — No news from England since the 9th Dec. What we 
had then was, that they are meditating revenge, and a terribli^ 
new campaign. 1200 troops are coming. 

22. — ^We near ttiat three of our Continental vessels ©f war, 
have taken a fleet bound from New York to Georgia with 
Stores. 

27. — ^I hear wood is 52 dollars a cord in Boston, and flour 
at £50 per hundred, i. e. a barrel is more than my whole 
salary. 

May 8. — Corn is now sold at 35 dollars a bushel, and coi^ 
fee at 3 dollars a pound. 
20. — Tyng and wife came here in a flag. 
23. — ^Had ereat strength, never spoke louder nor better. 
June 1. — ^Molasses is raised to 16 dollars, coffee 4, sugar 3. 
8. — ^Tyng sailed at last, without Mrs. Ross, afler a great 
toss. 

IC-x-A man asked 74 dollars for a bushel of wheat meal. 
11. — Green peas sold at Boston at 20 dollars a peck. 
Lamb at 20 dollars a quarter. Board 60 dollars a week. 
17. — We bought 3 pounds of halibut for a dollar. 
18.' — We have news of a large fleet of 800 troops in Pe- 
nobscot Bay. 

19. — ^We are greatly alarmed by the appearance often top- 
sail vessels, which proves to be a fleet from Boston. Frigates, 

i£C. 

Sunt 20. — ^We are in a sad toss ; people moving out. Nev- 
er did I feel more anxiety. 

21. — We have news that the commanders, Lincoln and 
Moultrie, have obtained a complete victory at Charleston,over 
th« regulars. 

30. — People are every where in this State spiritedly appear- 
ing in the present intended expedition to Penobscot, in pursuit 
of the British fleet and army there. 

July 13. — Two brigs and a dozen transport sloops came in 
from Boston, to carry our regiment of soldiers to Penobscot. 



112 

19.— Tbt Tetsett with their soldiers, salted for Townsend^ 
where the whole armament is to collect. 

21. — ^The vessels of war (17) from Boston, went by us to 
Penobscot. 

£3. — The enemy's fort at Stoiiy Point, was taken by Gen. 
Wayne. Fairfield and Norwalk burnt, and New-Haven 
plundered by Tryon. 

20. — (Sunday) A full meeting ; bad much help ; people 
very sleepy. [This complaint was not unusual ; I thought 
therefore I might mention it once.] 

[Several acceptable presents are mentioned this month, as^ 
well as almost every other.] 

August 10. — We hear that Wheeler Riggs was killed at 
Penobscot, and about sixty more are killed and wounded, and 
among them, three Indians, and our army waiting for mortars 
from Boston. 

^ 17. — We have news that the seige at Penobscot is broken 
up, on the arrival of several frigates from New-York. 

18. — We hear our people have burnt all their vessels, and 
are returning by land. A sad afiair ! 

22. — Our people are in a sad toss, expecting an attack from 
the enemy. 

23. — We bought a pound of Tea at 19 dollars. 

27. — Col. Jacksqn's regiment came here from Kittery. 

S^tembfr 1. — We are full of men, having not only Jack- 
son's regiment, but Mitchell's also ; well deluded. 

3. — We were thrown into vast surprise by the coming in of 
three large ships, which proved to be the Boston and Dean 
frigates, and a prize ship. 

4. — Another prize ship came in, both of them men of war. 

7. — Col. Jackson's regiment went away, being sent for by 
Gates, upon the news of the arrival of Ashburnot, and the 
troops at New-York. 

25.— ThePenobscot soldiers,(Col.Mitchell's)were dismissed. 

26. — (Sunday) My eyes failed me. 

October 8. — "We have constantly repeated news that Count 
B'Estang being on our coast, with twenty line of battle ships 
and ten frigates. 

19. — I prayed with the regiment of militia. 

28.^-Still have repeated accounts of Count D'Estang. 

JVovemher 1. — Mr. Bradbury moved to Newbury. 

4. — Day of prayer through the State. 

1 5. — Parish meeting about salary. Voted to do nothing. 

22. — Capt. Sanford brought me 400 dollars, gathered by 
subscription. 

29. — We have news that Count D'Estang and Gen.Lincoln, 
were defeated and had retreated at Savannah. Sad news ! 

December 9.-~Conti nental Thanksgiving. 

23. — ^Wood is 70 dollars a cord ; Coffee 8 dollars a pound 



113 
1780. 

Januojty 31. — Severely cold, as perhaps ever v^as ; the 
harbor clown to the sea, lies froze up ejatirely. Thus January 
leaves us as it found us, dismal, cold and windy [and snow 
very deep.] 

February 1. — Dole and ioth^rs from head-quarters, bring 
news that toe country is blocked up with snow, and that they 
suffer for want of wood and water. 

18. — No news, but great stir about the Cartel ^ipwrecked. 

March 24. — ^Young Mussey asks 500 i. e. above J^llOO fox 
a hat. Laborers 30 a day. 

£7. — Parish meeting ; they voted a nominal sum. 

31. — The street to the meeting-house, remains full of snow. 

^prU 7. — Brigadier Wads worth came here in the conti- 
nental Protector, Capt. Williams. 

8. — A regiment of 600 men are raising ; 300 of them for 
this place, 200 for Campden, 100 for Machias. 

Jnay 19. — An unusual dark day. 

[Mi. Smith is yet able to rjide on horse back, and to preach 
with strength and spirit.] 

June 10.— I had the shocking tidings of the death of my 
daughter Lucy, f Mrs. Forbes.J 

Jidy 25. — Brigadier Wadsworth went to Camden. 

29. — ^The joy occasioned by the arrival of the French fleet 
is all over, by the coming of an English one under Graves. 

August — [Nothing remarkable.] 

September 1. — News of a mob of 50,000 in London. 

24. — Sir Geprsie Rodney, with ten line of battle ships, has 
arrived at New-York, so that with Graves and Arbuthnots^ 
there, are 19. 
' October 2.— The Tender act repealed lately. 

5.— ^There is a discovery of a horrid plot of General Ar- 
nold's giving up our grand fort at West Point. 

10. — I bad nothing for dinner and no prospect of any. 
[But h^re Mr. Smitn mentions a full supply. I note this, to 
observe that in these calamitous times, such destitutions and 
pravidential supplies w.^re experienced by many.] 

25*— 'OurpejKv Constitution took place. 

ATovemher 16. — A signal day of mercy! I was never so 
suixious about wood and meal ; but was relieved marvellously. 

{Mr. Srahh then enumerates as before, the articles with 
vrhich he was fully supplied.] 

December 3.^ Sunday) I preached with much aid ; Mr. 
Deane not coming down. 

7. — Continental thanksgiving, I preached ; Mr. Dean* 
(whose turn it was) not comiog down. 

10* 



114 

17. — (Sunday) I preached with much aid and attention. 

[A.S Mr. Smith often complained of (at least a supposed) 
want of attention, I think it proper to observe, that he ofteR 
noticed with satisfaction, the attention of his hearers.] 



1781. 

Janwiry 1ft. — Capt. Pearson Jones was buried. 

20. — Wood is fallen from SOO to 120 dollars, i. e. a dollar 
and a half silver. 

FthAuiry 22. — Mr. Thacher was dismissed about this time. 

24. — The street is brim full of snow ; we are buried up. 

March 1. — We are in a woful toss by news from Captain 
McCobb, of a scheme of an attack from Baggaduce. Two 
men that were in it, say that a number of Tories were to disa- 
ble our cannon and secure our magazine, while the vessels 
made the attack, 

6. — Our regiment were in arms. 

81.— I have had a good measure of health through the winter. 

JiprU, — [Nothing remarkable, but the death of three per- 
sons noted in the list of names at the end of this book.] 

May 3. — Annua] fast ; had great assistance in prayer, but 
sunk, and my eyes failed in sermon. 

June 12. — A French convoy arrived in Boston with 1500 
troops. 

August 18. — ^Wood is at 2 dollars a cord, never so cheap. 

22. — There is only hard money passing, and little of that. 

September 1. — ^We have news of the arrival of 5 ships and 5 
•rigs at Baggaduce, that much disquiets us. 

15. — New-London and Groton burnt by Arnold. We fear 
he is coming on us. 

17. — I am relieved from a most anxious concern, I have 
been in for four days, by the great news of the arrival of the 
French fleet at Chesapeake and Washington, and hope he is 
got there. 

24. — Great expectation from Chesapeake, where there are 
28 line of {;)attle ships under Count DeGrasse,with 8000 troops. 
General Washington with 8000 ; La Fayette with near as 
many. 

October 4. — Capt. McLellan brougllt hand bills from Bos- 
ton, with the news of the surrender of Cornwallis and his 
army, and a great victory of the French fleet under Count 
De Grasse, over that of the British under Graves and Hood. 
Our people are rejoicing. 

8. — Admiral Digby is arrived at New-York with three ships 
oftheline, and Prince Henry on board. They have twenty 
ships of the line there. 



116 

15. — The great news of Cornwallis is premature. 

18.<^> We hear the British fleet with 7000 troops have sailed 
from New-York ; their destioation unknown. Boston is in a 
sad toss. 

19. — General Green has lately obtained a great victory in 
killing a thousand and more near Charleston. 

20. — Mr. Bodge came in this evening with idings of Mrs. 
Smith being dangerously ill. 

27. — The post came express with the great news of the un- 
conditional surrender of Cbrnwallis and hisarmy on the 19thr 

£8. — (Sunday) Mr. Deane and I improved the occasion in 
suitable sermons. 

29. — ^Our people spent the day in usual rejoicings. 

November SO, — A tedious month, the past, as ever was,and 
heavy gales of wind from the north, constantly cold, cloudy 
and rainy weather. 

- December. — [Nothing remarkable, unless it may be observ- 
ed that Mr. Smith's performances this month, were satisfac- 
tory to himself and acceptable to bis hearers; one of whom 
said, after the annual thanksgiving, that he then " seemed to 
be inspired.''] 



1782. 

V 

[The journals now hegin to be written with not so fine a 
pen ; as the strokes of the letters are thicker, and the hand 
writing larger than heretofore. The pages hewever, are as 
full, though they do not contain so much.] 

January 29. — Very blustering and cold, dismal winter. 

February 11. — Harper got in from Boston, having been 
gone three months. 

14. — People are in a sad tumult about Quaker meetings^ 
ministers and taxes. 

25. — Lt. Kitts taken. Antigua blocked up. 

26.-— The harbor down to the Islands remain shut up. 

28.— We have the King's speech of 27th November ; noth- 
ing material in it. 

iNlarch 11. — A privateer brig is off here, and has taken 
many vessels. 

16. — Mr. Deane moved down here. 

20. — Parish meeting ; voted Mr. Deane and myself, each 
an £100 for last year, and this, with contributions. 

24. — (Sunday) I worried through the street, going and 
coming. Never was enabled to perform better. [Now 80 
years old.] 






o 



« ■» 



c • 



116 

April 7.— (Sunday) Forgot my spectacles and eoiild not 
preach, but i>rayed, and begun and closed the sacrameiit. 
£:>. — Annual fast ; 1 preached all day. 
S6. — The West-Indies is like to be the seat of war, tUl the 
approach of the- hurricanes come, and then America. 

£8. — Admiral Rodney is arrived at the West-Indies with 
ten ships of the line, which with Admiral Hood's there be&re, 
make 34 of the line, a 40 gun ship and frigates ; Count De 
Grasse has the same. 

May 6. — ^Town meeting ; Capt. Noyes chosen representa- 
tive. 

8.— We have the great news that our independence is 
acknowledged in England, and that their troops here, are 
recalled. 

15. — We have news of a grand naval battle in the West- 
Indies. 

21. — We have certain news cf an entire change in tho 
British ministry. 
28. — Capt. Cox is moving away to Nova Scotia. 
June 4. — Sir Guy Charlton is arrived at New York, in the 
room of Clinton, with an olive leaf of peape. Congress 
won't treat with him. 
S5. — ^Little news. No more land fighting I hope. 
Jvly, — [Nothing remarkable.] . 

August 16. — We hear the French fleet of 13 line of battle 
ships and 4 frigates and 4000 troops, lately arrived at Boston. 
.Our prisoners in England are all liberated and sent to us. 

19. — Great news. They are negotiating a general Peace 
at Paris. 

£5 — (Sunday] Never was I more anxious before hand and 
never had greater assistance. Thank God. 
[Very many were the remarks of this kind.] 
Septtmber %\» — Messrs. Codman and Freeman accepted 
Xhe office of Deacons. 

26. — Our great prospects of Peace are vanished. 
29.— (Sunday) My strength and voice and eyes failed me 
much. 

October, — [Nothing remarkable.] 

JVbvem&er 23. — ^There has been no fighting in Americai 
this year. 

Decfimher 8. — (Sunday) I went out and prayed, but it was 
so dark I could not see to preach. 

15._-( Sunday) Most horrid cold and windy. I could iiot 
stand it, but dismissed the people after praying and singing. 

23. — About this time I eonfined myself, I was alarmed with 
bypocoudriac disorders, viz. a fluttering and sinking at my - 
breast, a dismal restlessness, with profuse sweats every morn- 
ing about 4 o'clock. Broke oif frotn meat and coffee and 



117 

took to Scotch barley broth. Had watchers, anci was appre- 
hensive death was fast approaching. Sent for Peter and wifei 
(who came and tarried near a fortnight) moved into the 
larger room, where my restlessness increased through the day, 
and had an unusual intermission in my ^ulse. Sent for Dr. 
Coffin (who thought I was dying) and /or Dr. Barker. Had 
a nurse and watchers every night, and in the whole a most 
distressing via^itation. 



1783. 

[The Journals for January, February and March are 
ni^sin^.] 

*^pr%l 4. — Our men about this time had a mad day of re- 
joicing — firing cannon incessantly from morning tonight, 
among the houses, and ended in killing Mr. Rollins. 

8. — ^We have authentic accounts, many ways, of Peace, 
though no official one Aom Congress. . 

9.— Goods at Boston fell in price near half. 

The Preliminary articles of Peace were certainly signed 
at Versailles the £Oth January, and ratified .the 3d of Febru- 
ary. An inglorious Peace to Britain, but an happy one to 
America. 

18. — ^The proprietors of the Neck are making a grand 
stone wall fence round it. 

23. — ^I stepped out to the door for the first time, having 
been confined to the House about four months. 

£6. — ^The post brought us a Proclamation from Congress, 
for a cessation of hostilities. 

May 1.— Our people had a grand rejoicing day, in which 
they a. m. had a Lecture, (Mr. Brown preached,) a contribu- 
tion for the poor, aud gathered 66 dollars and two-thirds« 
Had a public Dinner and 13 cannon fired several times, the 
whole very decently carried on. 

4. — People are all damped in their extravagant rejoicingi, 
by accounts now broM£hc, that there is no Proclamation come 
"for Peace, but only for a cessation of hostilities, and that 
there is a violent opposition in Parliament against it. 

June 6.— I began to drink tar-water. 

8.— (Sunday) I ventured out and preached. Had marvQ}- 
lous assistance. 

14.— -The measles is in town. 

16. — Dyer came with flour, and brought the small pox. 

17. — Capt. Ingraham [in addition to several former pre- 
sents, gave me 1 1 hundred of flour, to make up a barrel 
—a grand gift, and to Mr. Deane the same. God reward 
him greatly. 



4 



118 

[The RABMs of olber donors have not bitherto (eiceptin 
f or 8 instances) been mentioned, they were too numerous. 
This is noted as having been receiyed with peculiar grati* 
tude.] 

18.— Capt. Cole in a ship came in to load, as did also a 
large mast ship. 

51.— We have no accounts of the Definitive Treaty of 
Peace being signed, nor of the evacuation of New York, tho' 
constantly expected. General Washington has taken leave 
of the army and retired, and all is peace. 

[Mr. Smith preached everj Sabbath this month, having at 
be observed, •* great assistance.''] 

August 81.— ^Sunday) Had marvellous assistance. It was 
perfect pleasure in «peaking. 

StfiUwJbtr 18. — ^We have news that the plague is in Phila- 
delphia and New York and that a hundred die daily. 

(kioher C4. — We have news that the Definitive Treaty waf 
signed the Sd of last month. 

JVbt^em&er $.— Mr. Jewet was ordained at Gorham. 

6. — Mr. Billiard was installed (a Monday) at Cambridge. 

December, — [Mr. Smith complained of severally ill turns 
the last month and this : stili he continued to preach, with 
oiore ease and spirit than usual.] 



1784. 

JteiMwy.-->-f Nothinf remarkable or umtsual.] 

February 29. — ^I have, through the goodness of God, been 
earried through the winter,mttch beyond my fears. Never was 
I more anxious in the approach thereof, and never had a more 
comfortable winter, or suffered less by the cold. 

March 5. — ^Mr. Deane returned, having been gone six 
weeks. 

* 6. — Great rejoicings in Boston, on account of the Definitive 
Treaty signed by Congress. 

16.— Brigadier Preble, who died on Thursday night (llfb) 
was buried. 

20. — ^The measles is in town. 

April 10.— This place fills up very fast. There lately 
came here, Mr. Hopkins, Robinson, Vaughan, Clark and 
Codman. 

Ifi. — The trade of the place surprisingly increases. Our 
vessels all come and go safely. 

24.—Mr. Ilsley moved down here, as did Capt. Stevenson; 
yesterday. 



119 

[Mr. Smith, this week, observes, that he has had as happy 
assistance as he could wish.] 

May 23. — (Sunda)'.) It was so dark, I could not see to: 
'preach, and so only performed with prayer. 

[But he preached every other Sunday in the month.] 

June 1^3. — MessVs.Hopkins, But1er,Cummings and Osgood, 
sailed for England. 

Juty IS.^Sunday.) There was preaching for the first 
t^e in Mr. Brown's Meeting-House. 

29. — ^There came suddenly as great a tempest as ever I 
knew, preceded by some hidious darkness, and accompanied 
with a vast shower, 

[Mr. Smith seems to have enjoyed his health at this time, 
and, excepting the failing of bis sight, to have renewed his 
age, visiting and preaching as usual.l 

•August Ir^rrStrangers (traders and others) crowd in among 
us surprisingly. 

11.>T-Capt. Stone, Stephenson and Smith, have great 
Houses raised. 

S(l. — ^Mr. Edgar and family came here. 

[Mr. Smith continues^ his preaching, and ministerial visits.] 

September iS, — Col. Powell died last niglit at N.Yarmouth, 

Oetoher 17. — (Sunday) I prayed, but it was so dark, I could 
not see to preach. Mr. Deane preached all day. 

J^qvemher,'- [No particular occurrence to be noticed this 
month.] 

December 9. — (Sunday) I could hardly preach at all, and 
fumbled so much, I am quite discouraged. [Opposite to this 
date in the journal, Mr. Smith writes, *^ this was the last Sabr 
bath I was out to preach." 

1. I would observe here, that the journals for Hie two last 
years were written on the large si^e paper, he iprmerly used, 
and that each page was as full as it could hold. 

2. That I have been more particular in the extracts from 
them concerning Mr. Smith, in consideration of his age, and 
that of his life drawing near to a close. 

It appears by the diary of the late Rev. Doc. Deane, that 
there were erected this year (on that part of FalnKinth, which 
is now called Portland) 41 dwelling houses, 11 stores, 7 shops 
and 4 barns. The names of the owners are meptioned.] 



1785. 

Jamtary L — The Falmouth Gazette first appeared. [The 
first paper primed in the town, published by Mr. Thomas Br 
Wait.] 



120 

♦ 

ft 

March SI. — Parish meeting ; voted tlie salaries, as the jFCar 
past, without opposition. 

^prU 6. — ^The church people had a meeting, and subscribe 
ed £10 St. a man for a pew, in order to build a church. 

£9. — ^The post at last got in here,having been hindered near 
d weeks. 

May 15. — (Sunday) I ventured out for the first time to 
meeting, but did not preach. 

June 5. — (Sunday) A delightful Sabbath, I began with 
prayer, but could not see to preach. 

20. — We are all in a blaze about singing ; all flocking at 5, 
10, and 4 o'clock to the meeting-house, to a Master hired,(viz. 
Mr. Gage.) 

29. — The people are all in a sad toss, supposing Polly 
Grafton has the small pox. I prayed with her. 

July 29.— The governor and lady here ; an Italian Count 
also. 

August 7. — Mr. Parker began to read prayers to the church 
people. 

8.— Governor Hancock was to see me. 

September £7. — There is now a dozen new large houses 
building.* 

£9. — Distresing times are opening on the country ; all the 
iponey is gone, and therefore all business is coniinjg to an end, 

Octobers. — The court-house was raised. 

15.*— At P. M. 4 o'clock, a memorable dark time. 

SI. — For two days and two nights, it rained without ceas* 
ing, as hard as ever was known,wnich raises the freshets in the 
rivers in such a hideous manner, as to carry away all th^ 
bridges on Pesumpscot river, and many elsewhere, and also 
many mills. Saeo bridges carried away. 

28. — I am daily visiting, (when I can go out) either alqne or 
with Mrs. Smith. 

J>^ovember, — [Nothing remarkable this month.] 

[It may be observed that Mr. Smith preached none the year 
past, nor since the 5th Dec. last year. He however attended 
other ministerial duties, making prayers at meeting on th^ 
Sabbath, and with the sick ; and though now and then co0ir 
plainipg, appears to have enjoyed pretty good health.] 

1786. 

January 2. — ^There was a considerable earthquake about 7 

4. M. 

4. — Grand convention of delegates about a new state, who 
voted articles of grievances, and adjourned to September. 

*]>oct Deaoe, in his di«i7, layg u that the aomber of houses erected this year 

wasss. 



Pehrwtry. — [Nothing remarkable.] 

March 21.— This day I am 84 years old. I continue « 
wonder to myself and many. 

80. — Parish meeting, only 13 ]^ersoni^ present. They seflt 
a icommittee to me about giving up my salary. 

wAprU 14. — Parish meeting by adjournment, having spent^ 
the whole day upon it, they voted a salary to both ministers. 

'21. — ^The parish after several meetings, voted to pay my 
arrears, viz. j(250, but took off 5s for depreciation: 

29. — \V>aVisome days and restless nights are appointed 
unto me. 

*3e. — (Sunday) I was very unwell, but ventured out and was 
imich assisted. 

May, — [Nothing remarkable.] 

June 28. — We sat out for Windham ; my chaise ovefset,aftS 
wounded my forehead sorely, and I had liked to have bled to " 
ddath. Solemn thanks to my great preserver. 

Jtdy 4. — Our Neck is set off, and incorporated into -a towft**^ 
by the name of Portland. 

28. — My legs continue to swell. 

•August 5. — The whooping cough prevails ; Mrs. Smith and "^ 
I have it severely bad. 

9. — I was unwell, but forced out to pray at the first meeting 
of bur new town, Portland. 

27. — (Sunday) Deacon Freeman read sermons. 

Septemher 6.-^The country seems to be in a general riot. 
\^ 7. — Convention of delegates for a separate state. 

October 25. — The whooping cough continues, and with It a 
dreadful cankerous disorder. 

November 2. — ^The country is in extreme cctofusion, occa"^ 
siioned by the many county mobs, and the want of money to 
pay the taxes, he. 

Deeember 6. — Shattuck, Smith, Parker and others, ring-' 
leaders i>f the mobs, were taken and carried to Boston last 
Wednesday. ' ' 

[Note. Sixteen dwelling houses were erected in Port- 
land, in the course of this year.] 

[I may make the same observation at the end of this year 
with respect to Mr. Smith's perfdrmances, and (though hot so 
fully) as to his health, that I did the last year ; and with res- 
pefct to both years tliat by reason of Mr. Deane's bodily indis- 
pontion, there-was frequently no meeting.] ^ 



il 



122 
1787. 

January 17. — General Lincoln is now at Springfteld, with 
a grand army to reinforce General Sheppard against the army 
01 the Insurgents under Shays, at Pelham. 

February — [Chiefly on the state of the weather.] 

March 17. — It is agreed we have had the longest and cold- 
est winter remembered. 

21. — ^This day I am fourscore and five years old. 

[And for 65 years before and 8 years after, he was a man 
of prayer and a faithful minister of the gospel of Christ.] 

22. — Fast day ; I was out and prayed A . M. and bad great 
assistance. 

^jprU 20. — A great fire at Boston. It began near Liberty 
Pole, and the wind blowing hard, (northward) carried away 
all the buildings on both sides the way, 100 in all, including a 
meeting-house and 50 houses. 

23. — ^The new episcopal church was raised. 

May 2. — Hard times ! no money ! no business, is the gen- 
eral cry. 

June 23. — A great uproar about Murray's not preaching. 

July 31. — President Willard here. 

August 16. — There was a parish meeting about setting off 
a number of the parish as a separate society. 

28. — Town meeting,! voted to pull down ihe^ meeting-house 
and got subscribers to build a new one. 

SepUmher 12. — ^Town meeting.* They voted Mr. Deane, 
and myself £75 each. The separatists voted themselves off. 

23. — (Sunday) Mr. Freeman read sermons, and I made the 
prayers. Had great assistance. 

24. — Quakers annual meeting ; great numbers flocked 
there. 

27, — The grand convention finished and published the new 
constitution of government for the confederated U. States, 

October 3. — One Mr. Kellock come here to preach to the 
separatists. 

4.— J am abroad a visiting with my wife almost every day. 

11. — Poor FiQrtland is plunging into ruinous confusion by 
(he separation.. 

14. — (Sunday) A great flocking to the separate meeting 
last Sunday and this, in the school-house. 

17. — The council met at Windham upon Peter's case. 

JVbvem&er 3, — All the talk is about the new constitution of 
government, fabricated by the late federal convention. 

December 5. — Mrs. Smith and myself are sorely distressed 
with the whooping cough,and rheumatism; have tedious night?. 

*yir. Smith most, I Uiink, have mmxtt here, parish meeUngs. 



123 

£6. — Mr. Child was buried ; I was not out. 

S&. — I slept well three nights,but now had a sleej^ecs night. 

do. — I walked to meeting pretty comfortably. 

[Thus ends the journal of the present year ; the pages qf 
which for each month, are all full ; but it is the last of this des- 
cription. Mr. Smith, it appears, continued to exercise his 
official diitieSf (except preaching) and to enjoy a remarkable 
degree of bodily health and mental strength.] 



1788, 

[The Journal for this year is the last that can be found. 
It contains only five unimportant entries in the month of Jan- 
uary and three in the month of May. Mr. Smith lived after 
this about seven years ; but his eyes grew dim and his bodily 
strength became enfeebled. It could not therefore have been 
expected that he should continue to exercise an employment 
of this kind. Would that some person of equal diligence and 
industry^ had resumed and continued it.] 



or MR. Smith's religious dENTiMENTS. 

In addition to the view which the foregoing extracts will 
afford, of the general character of Mr. Smith, I would obserye 
in regard to his religious sentiments, that he embraced the 
opinions of Calvin in preference to those of Arminius. I 
think it not improper however to notice, an oral comraunica* 
tion, which he made to me some years before his death, and 
which I then committed to writing. It is as follows, and was 
considerd by him as 

A brief Summary of the Christian Religion. 

9 

1. That God made man after his own image ; holy, just 
and good, and therefore perfectly happy. ^ 

2. That man fell from this state of perfect rectitude, and 
thereby brought upon or subjected himself to eternal misery. 

d. That God so loved the world, that he gave his son Je- 
sus Christ to redeem mankind from this state of punishment 
for sin, who made an atonement therefor, by his sufferings 
and death, and thereby purchased the grant of repentance. 



.124 

4. To enable^nsAlo repent, he promifted to send his Ho* 
]/ Spirit to them who asked it. ^< If ye being evil, UcJ" 

5. Therefore to recover a state of happiness, we are bj 
the assistance of the Spirit, to repent and be obedient ; and 
by so doing, we shall oblain eternal life. 



TO THE JipADlER. 

On closing this part of the work, and referring you to what 
is said in the preface, the Compiler tliinks it proper to ob- 
serve, that, in making the foregoing selections, be was aware 
of the impracticability of suiting the taste of all. What, to 
one, may be considered unimportant, another may read with 
•satisfaction. He therefore solicits your candid consideratieD 
of them^ in a collective view. 



* « 



STATE OF THE SEASONS, WEATHER, to. 



1722. 

Fehriiainf 5. Moderate weather. 12. Pine weather. 28,. 
Wet, storrtiy weather concludes the month. March 5. Fine 
weather again* 16. Charming day. ^prU 9, Thunder and 
Itghtningt ' ^i*^ '^^^ ^^i^* ^P* Thus far it has been a very cold 
dfy spring. May 31. Fair weather concludes the month. 
JtUy SO. The hottest day that has been this year. An ex- 
deeding dry time, as ever was. September 30. Very hot for 
tte time of year. ^Ofitober 20. very cold. 27. Excessive 
oold. December 2^-9. Very hot indeed for the time of year, 
more so than ever was known before. 

1723. 

Januarys. Raw, cold weather. February 1, A summer 
day. ^^IprU 80. It is thought it has been the fonvardest spring 
that has been known in the country, inasmuch as the blossoms- 
are dropt from the trees, and the 1st of the month, a man in 
Gambridge, mowed a quantity of £ug1ish grass. May S. 
Cooler weather. 25. Cool weather throughout the month. 
October. It has been for a mouth past very stormy and uncom- 
fortable weather as ever was known this time of the year. 
Mwember. This has been a v«ry cold month, snowed but 
once. 

1724. 

April It. The peach trees but now begin to blossom.' 
December 14. First snow fell today. 29. Considerable snow, 
but followed and consumed by rain. This month we have 
had something like winter weather. 

1725. 

Nothing .'till AprU SO. It has been a yery cold month. 
May 29. This h^s been a cold month, and no rain, and noth- 
ing more during the year. 

1726. 

January SI. This has been a very smart close winter. 
F€br%uiry3. The riveic froze ovet again last ni^ht. 9. Moi^e 

11* 



12S 

moimwSbb^ the rivtr breaking u|p^ 16. The uf er£resi oi^emer 
gfttn. fS. This month has D«en severe, close weather, biitna 
storm dl winter and not one tb^w. jif«rdk t. Moc9 amler** 
ike. H. The fish not come upon the usaal groiifd .^ere* 
JiffU 27. People generally planting* This mootl^ )m/k beea 
wet and uncomfortable weather, 'tis thought in these* partly- 
to be a very backward spring. May 20. The peach aB# ap- 
1^ trees hut now begin to bkissom. 27. There has been «en) 
ry little pleasant weather tht» month, /une 2e. There hts 
Imo a very great drou|^t this spring. Sfkniikm^ 99» Thie 
9enth has been cool, but ne great frost yet. Ofltekr dt« 
Several days past pretty cold. 

1727. 

february 19. Snowed aH day. II. A tery eeld 4if Mil 
16. A most chavmhig pte— ant day. Mw A very p je mmf 
dav. M&reh dO« We have (lad tff mieeaifataMe wMiber- 
<his month. The spring is thought to he very b«ek«NWii»' 
(The pages ef the Journal fw the rest ef Ijbe year, eoaCBi» 
nothing.) 

1728. \ 

j/awiufry 11. For sei^eral days past, tthere has been a tpelf 
ff comfortable weather. \% Awkj feerrlUe sterm^iimw i 
» day. The snow that fell to day U almost two leet «pon « 
level. 18. The coldest day we had this yeas. lUnMim ** 
^here has been no thawy weather, hot as dose (er tlK weeiis^ 
past as ever was known. Great scarcity of hay on aGeoaDtell • 
the drought last year. JtfieroA a. 'Till Uiis day there iMM'heett > 
jsa appearance of^ winter's bieakiag up« , iPk A woetderfel. . 
.mUe of providence in the snow going away. The ereattHeer- 
.^were almost starved ; a great many have died tlus wtaier, ev* -•• 
ery where. JfyrU 6» Tnus for we have had very pleaeaat, ' 
eomfortable weather for the season. • IS. As much imafeli % 
to day as ever did in one di^. 17. There just begins to he \ 
some young feed now.^ 50. The most of this meotli has been 
very cold. May 1. Last ntgbt there was a considerable frost. 
Junfi 80. Things begin to sufier Qauch, by reason of the 
drought. July 9. Our pecqpile, this day, begin to cut their 
salt hay. JVbtwm&er 80. The three days past has.been really 
sold. Presumpscot River froze up. December SO. VfinJLer '*-. 
sets in as cold as ever retuembered in December. 

rM^.--rThe Diary fbr 1729, 17^10, ItSl, 1732, is mis- .^ 
^ng.] 

17S3. 

J^nuapy t. Cold. 13. This' whole week haabeen a spdl > 
of warm weather, 25. It does not seem to be very cold, yet 



f27 

itWMfresetff^rtol^ii^HiodockfMtmght. Fehmaiy9. Ftal 
f^ixHja Uiisterii^ and cold. 16. It thawed all last oighr. SU^ 
t&B iCill Hes as far as North- Yarmouth. A matt may wM, 
dtet to Hog-Islafld. tt. It U liialancholy to see to tnucli 
Mdwashasfall^h seriate in fh^y^ar. Marckto. Therehasbeen 
blitlittlBdftbesilovrtiodsifmedydt. 21. Comfortable weathn 
tif. t£. Show mostly cbnstmitfd. t7. PleasaKii!. £9. 'the 
iatiw to tbe wdod« H near ftrnt" feet deeiiw Jipril 4. Cloud/ 
attd odld. ll Pleasant day. 16. Strdudwater stHl fra±er 
oter. 116. A cM and backward spring. ^S. It 1» said ta 
MWe Sflro#i$d at Saccarappa last night, fcnee deep* Jttnt St9, 
It is a woiiderfal yeiar for grass* ^gusf. Pigeons very 
plenty. We kill more than we can eat. 20". Trot, irith^ ^ 
liet, got 16 dozen (his morning. Septwiher. ' Generally a 
iteiavtsnonlh. OcMe# 24. It froze in the shade all day. 
J fjtmmim ^ 4 Tiifai|i^ ate evMedlttg plenty. 24; Wtfrm 
wiMtlMCtf Bmernktrl. Wdndevil^y pieanant mo^ of this 

1734. 

January It, Bl'osteriflg and c(^d. ICT. Rah). 28. iPretty 
fomfortable. JPe5nuti^. Pleasailt weather generally this 
month ; t&o*^9ome d&yiicdM. March, All along i<^armer ^nd, ^ 
plaasanfer tiaa A|>ril last year. .^^ 4. As hot a day as the ' 
generattty'of summer. 19. Jack finished planting potatoes. 
415. There is vastly more potiatbes planted this year than ever. 
Maiu 9. Though the, spring was at first very forward, things 
doirt eomeoB as they promised. 22. Very Warm and pleas- 
ant. Jutu 21. There never was (I believe) sUch a year for 
grass. Mjf 4, The raspberries begin f6 be ripe. 8. We 
near that al Boston^ people die of the excessive beat; 23. If 
is (Ibett«fe) as fruitfbl a year as ev^r was. Septefnter 6.' 
Exttaordioajry cold, t^^ Pleasant. 50. We began to dij^ 
«ur pelatoeal, 10 edrly, beeaase we hav« so many to di|^ 
Abvem&er K Feed is good yet. Decmker, Tb the end of 
thk m6Bth tire weather has beeti very moderate. 

173&. 

JCMuaty, Tbougb cold at times, there has been mu^h pl^K-' .., 
ant atul moderate. weaUier this month. Ftbrmtrif 28. Thia 
hai been a summer mouthy dnW |wo or three oold days.. 
Marth^ Not m6^ pleasant as the last month. ,^lprU 9. Cold 
and whidy. 17. ^olte hot. 21. Same. Jidy 10. People, 
have began to mow. Afifuit 11. There has been so much 
rain, it b feared there will be biw little good English hay. 
IHcemher, There; have beeii^ seVeral pleasant days this month. 
Koine temarkabiy, cold . " 



128 
1736, 

February, A close cold winter. 28. It looks promising for 
a forward .spring. March 15, Severely cold. April 10, A 
hot day. 11. The spring looks promising. 17. We dug the 
lower garden and sowed carrots, parsnips, Sec. May 29. It 
has been through the whole of this month, except one week, 
cold and raw. . JiUy 9. Sowed turnip seed. The fowls and 
chickens have destroyed the grass-hoppers. 25. It is a won- 
derful year for grass. August, ' CjoM weather the last of this 
month. Septemlfer, It has been very dry all this month. 
November 3. We pulled up all our turnips. Fine weather. 
December 30. Hardly any winter yet. 

1737. 

January 2. Tis thought the ground is frozen four feet 
deep. 11. It snowed all day. 16. A level snow of about 
eight inches, but turned to rain. 17. Glare of ice. 18. to 22» 
Suow. £7. More snow. 31. Pleasant. February. Rains 
and pleasant weather alternately. March 26. It is a very 
backward spring indeed. 30. Spring like day ; the trees do 
hardly begin to bud. April 2. The goosberry bushes look, 
quite green. 11. Snowed all day. 18. Cloudy and cold. 
20. It looks no more like spring than it did a month ago. No 
plowing or gardening yet. 25. There is no grass at all. 
May 2. We sowed our peas, and lower garden. 4. Multi- 
tude of creatures are not able to get up, many have died. 9. 
Warm to-day. 10. The whole neighborhood without milk. 
17. The grass donH grow for want' of rain. 20. A joyful, 
seasonable rain. 24. Very pleasant. July 18. There never 
was, in the memory of man, -more seasonable wither. 20. 
Grass is very thin. 22. No feed on the Neck. 27. Grass- 
hoppers plenty. August 8. The grass seems to be, but now, 
shooting. 19. About thislime our Almanac conjurer spoke 
of a great storm, which alarmed multitudes of people, so that 
some cut the tops of their corn ; but there was nothing like 
what was prophesied of, that come to pass. September. Va- 
rious weather this month, but on the whole a fine season for 
the com to dry. Oe^ofter 10. Cold. 19. Fine weather. 23. 
It was nev^r known to be so dry. No sawing nor grinding. 
JVbvember 5. There has been some r^ins. 24. No grinding ; 
vre have had a bag of corn go from mill to mill, for about two 
months, and not ground yet. December 18. It is remarkabie 
that there has been no northwester^ tbiy fall nor winter. 

1738. 

January. The month comes in warm like the beginning 
of April, as. Two things are remarkable, -i el ative to the 



,129 

nwind, for several roontlis past^oae is, (hat tbe> wind always 
•comes about with the snn. The other, that after foul weath- 
•.er, the wiod comes as far as the S. W. and except once or 
twice, no further. February, The former part of the month 
cold. The last half, fair, pleasant and moderate weather. 
March* Plenty of hay, corn, &lc« a vast difference on this ac- 
.eount between last spring and this. £7. The frost is general- 
ly out of the ground. It looks likely for a forward spring. 
JiprU 11. Jack dug the lower garden. 14. Unusually hot 
weather. The spring is thought to be two or three days for* 
warder than the last. May. Pleasant. We finished plantin|( 
potatoes to day. 15. Hot weather. 23. Fine pleasant day. 
29. Abundance of rain. July 7. Grasshoppers. The drought 
come on very severely and prevailed in such a manner as the 
like was never known. September 3. More rackoon's, jays, 
and red squirrels than ever was known. The weather this 
month generally pleasant. November b. There is, I think, 
more grass now than in the summer. 23. Gold weather. 
fi7. Snow last night, but fair and moderate to day. Decem- 
ber* Frequent snows this month, bur turned to- rain, and the 
latter part of the month remarkably slippery. 

1789- 

^pril 11. Ko appearanee of any feed yet. '20. We have 
remarkable seasonable weather. 30. There has been no rain 
for about a month past, except a small shower. August 31. 
We have had more hot weather these four days past, uian all 
the summer together. September 17. Last night there was a 
yery white frost, that killed the tops of our potatoes. October 
8. The cold weather prevails as far as Boston, so that there 
is no business going forward. 

1740. 

January. This month has been generally, fair and pleasant 
Tebruary 18. A summer winter. We had only two snows 
and sledding but about three weeks ; two or three snaps ^f 
cold(weather, else constantly warm and open,and always fair.27. 
Warm southerly weather. March 3. A summer day. 10. Same. 
18. Warm. 29. Charming weather. April 14. The spring does 
not look very promising. 23. Exceeding hot. SO. A pleas- 
ant day. May 11. A very backward, cold spring. June 25. 
We have had the finest, most seasonable weather that. can be. 
Every thing is promising. July 22. It begins to be a dry 
time. 28. As growing a season for about a month past, as 
ever was in the memory of man. August 10. There has been 
an uncommon season of hot weather this summer. October 
28. It began to snow. 29. Snow melted much, yet it is three 
yocbes deep. Mvemb^ 5. I believe no man ever knew se 



130 

«rittter-1ik« a spell ao earlj in the year. Deeemher4. Tb« 
frost is still wholly out of the ground. «9. The Fore River 
has been shut a day or two. SO. Several persona walked over 
to Purpoodock. 

1741. 

Jdnuarif t. A little cooler, but a pleasant day. 19. The 
whole week has been a spell of charming weather. 27. A 
ehrirmins; pleasant day. 29. Much cooler. 30. A great deal 
of the Aurora Borealis. ^pril 10. Melancholy tirae, the 
snow lying, and little hay. 25. The snow has consumed 
wonderfully. SO. Roads now settled surprisingly ; the rea- 
son iS| there has been no frost in the ground the winter past. 

1742, 

Janwxnfj Feb. No account of the weather is given. 
March II. The snow is four feet deep in the woods. •^Ppi 
18. Comfortable Sabbath. 25. Unusually hot. May 6. The 
^rass grows wonderfully. 29. Same. Very hot weather for 
a week past. Nothing further is said of the weather until 
October 18. Some unusually hot days about this time, and 
then, notbii^ until, December 23. Charming weather every 
day. 29. Wonderful weather for about ten days past ; there 
kas been no cold weather yet. 

1743. 

Nothing said of the weather 'till, March 1. Very cold. 
This has been a close winter : the s^now being constantly so 
deep in the. woods, that the teams could not stir, though there 
was not so much near us, and in Boston there was hardly any. 
^pril 28. There has been no easterly weather this month, and 
though cold, yet raw and chilly as usual. The roads are eve- 
ry where as dry as summer. May 1. An uncommon dry 
time. 7. Refreshing rains. June 1. Indian corn wants heat. 
20. A very dry time, people fear a drought. 22. It rained 
plentifully. 27. There are miilions of worms, in armies, ap- 
jpearing and threatening to cut ofFj every green thing ; people 
are exceedingly alarmed. July \, Days of fasting are kept 
in one place and another, on account of the worms. 28. An 
exceeding scarce time for hay. It is £7 or £8 a load, •^u- 
gust 1. Fine growing season. October 31. Wonderful weath- 
er, moderate and dry. JSTovemher 7. There has been no rain 
for many weeks, so that not a mill goes in this part of the 
country, 

1744. 

January, Feh, March, Nothing remarkable is said of the 
weather or season, 'till JlprU 29. A forward spring ; a great 



131: 

mercjr, m ae«ouiit of the scarcity of bay. No person ever 
saw such an April in this eastern country, so dry and warni 
and pleasant. May 1. A fine season as ever was known* 
St. No person in the land ever saw such a spring, so hot ami 
intermixed with seasonable showers. We have ripe straw- 
berries, and every thing more than a fortnight forwarder than 
usual. July 15. A wonderful year for grass and hay, both 
English and salt. Jiuguat 20. I don't remember that pig- 
eons were' ever so pleuty as now. October. I reckon this 
Hionth has been September, and September was October. 

1746. 

Fehmary, A very moderate, pleasant month, but little snow 
•t foul weather. March 30. This month has been like Feb- 
ruary ; a nonesuch ; wonderful pleasant, and like April. 
June. So cool a June has not been known. August 18* 
A good hay season. Septtmbtr^. No frosts 'till a night 
or two ago. October %^, Warm and pleasant. ATovember 10. 
Uncomfortable weather ; deep snow in Boston that lies all 
the week ; a considerable snow here. December £7. Thus 
far moderate, and hardly like December. 81. A blusterinfy 
severe night. This is the first that looks like winter. No 
sledding yet. . * 

1746. 

January 31. A fine moderate winter thus far. Only two 
short cold snaps. February S4. The snow is 3 or 4 feet deep 
in the woods.- S8. The snow is still as deep as at any time 
this winter. March 20. A severe month, quite unlike the last. 
The snow still covers all the Neck. 27. A sweet pleasant 
day. •^prU 11. Jack dug the upper garden. 12. The spring 
is uncommonly forward. 18. I sowed peas, carrots, kc. 
29. The most part of the week has been as dry as mid- 
summer. May 4. The creatures were let on the Neck. 
June 9. A fine growing season. 26. It comes on a very dry 
time. July 9. A melancholy drought advances. 31. There 
was a little rain this morning, but the ground is exceeding dry. 
August 15. 'Tis thought the present is the greatest drought 
that ever was in New-England. 24. Plentiful showers. 29. 
It rains like a fiood. September 29.. It is an unusual, mode- 
rate growing season. October 5. It is like the springing of 
ihe year. The grass has grown surprisingly. Pleasant wea- 
ther the' latter part of the month. ATovember 25. Indian corn - 
£5s a bushel. 30. Hay at Boston £20. December 1. Very 
pleasant day. 15. Severely cold. 



1747. 

Januwy IS. Oar whole Bay froze' over entirely. 19. 
Moderate weather. February S8. Since the Tth, it. has been 

gleasant moderate weather. March SI, There has been no 
igh winds this month. No lion*Uke days, more like April. 
We bad our upper garden dug. ^prU 3. 'Tis thought the 
spring is full a month forwarder than usual. 9. The grass 
grows wonderfully. 16. English beans and peas, came up in 
our garden. 30. The latter pai^t of this month has been 
pretty raw, cold and wet, and the grass no forwarder than 
in the beginning of this month. May 24. The earth ha% a 
fine green face. June 30. Every thing is wonderfully flourish- 
ing. JtUy 10. Mowed some of my hay. 20. Mowers ex- 
ceeding scarce. Mem, Yellow weed must be -mowed early, 
or it will be good for nothing. September 29. There has been 
no fall like this, so moderate and dry ; my potatoe tops look 
more green and flourishing than at any time this year. OcUh- 
her 28. This has been a dry fall, no water at the mills, or 
grinding. December 24. The snow, though settled consider- 
ably, is full 3 feet deep. 30. This has been a vtry unplea- 
sant month. 

1748- 

January. A cold, snowy month. 'February, A cold, snowy, 
uncomfortable month. March 1. Comes m smiling. The 
rest of the >roonth, generally cold and jnowy. J^i^rU 1 . Gomes 
in joyfully. 8. The snow is all gone, except in a few driAs. 
23. The earth looks beautifully green. May 15. Unusually 
hot, dry weather. 20. It is but about'7 weeks since there was 
5i feet of snow on the ground. 81. Melancholy tin|e. Alt 
tbe talk is about- the heat and drought — never the like. June 
2. Exceeding raw and cold. 14. An epidemic cold prevails. 
20. Dry time comes on again. There has been showers fre- 
quently, but no rain>in3ie country this yean Jtdy4, Fine 
showers. 10. Dying hot. It is a most melancholy dry time. 
The grass in the pastures is all burnt up. 19.^ A steady rain. 
JbtgU8t 31. Dry, dry, very dry, and very hot. SepUmher Q-^ 
Reviving- rains. 24. A white frost. 29. Wonderful, hot 
summer day. The grass grows as fast as ever I saw it. Oo* 
tober 2. We began to dig our potatoes. No appearance -of 
moisture in the eround. 10. The ground froze hard thi» 
morning. JVbvcmW 22. A moderate fall this. December. 
Cknerally i^easant. 30. SueifPesDow^jtorttL.' SlvC^Myand 
tbef year ends «tirigi.Dgly. 



1-38 

January 9. A very cold month, and the river froze oirtr 
On the Sdtday, aiid was so on the i9th. February. A cold 
month. March 11. An uncommon spring-like da;', but most 
of the month very cold.. 30. Snow gone, •^pril 8. The 
ground is fit for ploughing. 21. Planted potatoes, May9l» 
A melancholy dry time. June 9. Same. 24. The grass- 
lioppers do us more spoil than the drought. 29. They have 
eftten up entirely an acre of potatoes. July 3. I reckon my 
^ultry (about 100) eat ten thousand grasshoppers every day. 
Verv hot. The most remarkable time that ever we or our 

If 

fathers saw. 13. As many grasshoppers as ever, but they 
are a new growth. 24. The ground begins to look green, but 
there are many grasshoppers yet. August I never saw the 
earth change its face so much any day as this. The wholjs 
•country is renewed and revived. OctQler 14. Our potatoes 
turn out universally small. 18. Snow. J^ovemher 22. Colli 
day. 25. Severely and unusually cold. 39. 'Tis tbougljt 
winter never sat in so early. Pf esumpscot river is frozen so, 
that a man can walk over it. [December, Does not appear. tp 
liave been so severe.] 

1750. 

January and Fehruary. Nothing remarkable as to thd 
weather. March 11. Warm, calm and pleasant for this t\m» 
ef the year. 18. Raw. 23. Snow. 28. More snow. Sp. 
Pleasant. April, Some cold', and some pleasant weather. 
May 31. A wet and cold qionth,. and yet there are millions 
of little grasshoppers not kiJledi^ June 30* There has been a 
happy iutermixture of heat and wet for 8 weeks past. July 
and August. Nothing remarkable. September, Cold tbiB 
Isater part of the month, bat the corn is like to be good. 

1761. 

Jarmary §. No snow on the ground. 7. Snow sterm- 
IS. Thaw. 15. The frost is entirely out of the ground. 21« 
Weather like May. 24. This winter will go down memora- 
ble to posterity. Fehruary, This' month has been more hk« 
spring than winter ; moderate generally, and several days as 
¥r«rmasMay, 28. Pleasant^Veather still. Thus winter ends, 
ik wonder through the whole. March' 5. Snow storm. 13. 
Fine spring weather the rest of the month, except the 4 last 
days. AprU. A cold blustering month. May 8. Our Eng- 
Ksb cherries did but to day begin to bloom. 17. They are 
now in all ^eir gaiety of blooming. 23. Growing season. 
30. Never did things grow faster, nor never a better prospect. 
Junt d. Very cold. 15. A wonderful tim^ for grass, but the 

12 



134 

Indian corn wants heat. £6. Seasonable weather. Ocfo&er 
4. We began to dig our potatoes. Nofttwihtr 16. Moderate 
weather. 24. Another wonder of a day, so calm, warm and 
delightful. 

17&2- 

January 1. The harbor froze over this morning. The 
whole bay shut up. 1£. People since the 1st, constantly pass 
over to Purpoodock on the ice. 14. Went to Brunswick on 
the ice, and returned without Macqua's Island, (See page 55.) 
*fi7. Ice broke up as far as Mr. Fox's wharf, (See page 56.) 
Fd>ruary, Much snow. The roads blocked up, and travelling 
bad. J^ay 2. Raw, cold ; every thing is backward. 15. The 
trees do but now begin to blossom. SO. Raw,easterly weather, 
as it has been all the month. June 15. There is a promising 
prospect of grass, and the Indian corn starts wonderfully* 
July 9. Begun to mow the upper ground. Auft^t 12. Inthe 
evening there was dismal thunder and lightning, and abun- 
dance of rain, and such a hurricane as was never the like in 
these parts of the world; it blew down houses and barna^ 
trees, corn, and every thing in its way. 21. There" has beea 
more thunder and lightning, and it has done more harm this 
summer all over New-England, then ever was known. 31. 
Dry weather. S^tember 31. Dry, dry, dry; melancholy 
'drought. 30. It rained and stormed in the night a great deal. 
October 9. A storm of rain. 30. We wonderfully tail in our 
sauce by reason of the drought. 

1763. 

January and Fthruary. — ^Though there has been some 
cold blustering weather, this season ; it has, upon the wholes 
been a moderate winter. March. The first of this nioptb 
mostly cold ; ihe last, moderate and pleasant. 31. The 
spring surprisingly warm and forward. May 18. The first 
pleasant day this spring. June. The season is uncommonly 
•forward, iaugust 26. The grasshoppers have done much 
damage. October 24. The frosts have held off wonderfully. 

1764. 

January and February. Generally moderate and pleasant. 
3forc)i 6. The frost seems almost out of the ground. 15. Co)d 
and froze hard, .^pril 6. This is the ISth day of fair, dry, 
and therefore, pleasant weather. 18. This is the 25th. 31. 
Cold but dry. May 13. Cloudy and fc^gy. The grass 

frows surprisingly. 23. A remarkable hot day. July I. I 
ave no grass growing in my mowing ground, and there is no 
feed on the neck ; the reasons are, the open winter, threo 



135 

Weeks early droagbt, and the grasshoppers. Sepiember 1« We 
have no potatoes growing this year, because ot grasshoppers. 
SS. There is a melancholy drought. October %Ai. A great 
storm. The earth is filled with water. November 23. Unu- 
sually moderate and pleasant all this fall. December 13. 
Since the second day of this month, the weather has been 
pleasant and the ground bare. 27. No sledding yet. 

1755. 

Jcmtbory, Several falls of snow, and some sledding. 21. 
The ground almost bare. 22. Moderate, it hardly freezes a 
night. 26. The ground bare. February \\, No snow this 
month yet. 20. Some sledding, having had two or three 
inches of snow. 80. Fine walking and very good sledding. 
March 20. Very good sledding. 29. It snowed all day. 
May 8. We have done gardening. 25. The creatures were 
put on the neck. June 14. It rained abundantly. 28. Very 
hot till P. M. when there arose a severe hurricane with rain. 
Clapt. Bennet's frame was blown down. July 18. The In- 
dian Corn (by heat and alternate showers) grows finely. 
•^gust 26. No hot weather this summer (except eight days) 
until to day. September 12. A wonderful growing season. 
19. There was a frost. Odo&er 6. Warm. 14. Digging 
potatoes. 26. Cold. December 6. A true winter's day. 15. 
A fine summer's day. 

1756. 

January. Moderate and pleasant month, generally. 28. 
The season seems so altered that the fish are struck in, as in 
May. February. Much delightful weather. March, Some 
blustering weather, but unlike March. 19. Rainy and warm 
like May. April 12. The robbin has visited us several 
springs past May 11. Our heart-cherry trees and pair 
plumbs, are blossoming. 19. They are all in the bloom. 
(See page 68.) Hot and rainy. June 2. Things were never 
so forward. Plenty of rain this month. 27. A hot sabbath. 
July 12 to 15. Foggy. 20. A fine growing season. 22. We 
are visited with worms, as we were thirteen years ago, which 
have destroyed whole fields of English and Indian Corn in 
divers places. 30. A wet summer this ! August M. I never 
saw such grass, so tali and thick. 26. Very hot. September 

11. Extremely hot, but come on very cold. 24. The frost 
has killed the brakes and leaves of Indian Corn* November 

12. Fine weather. 30. It snowed very fast. December 7. 
Severely cold. 10. A thaw. 23. A severe' snow storm. 29, 
Fine warm weather for three days past. 



1.36 
1767. 

January 4. Cold. A fall of snow three inches. 14. It 
can^t be better sledding, 18. The harbor is frozen o?er. 
SI .It rained all last night. JPe&ruary 6. Deep snow. (See p8(g« 
C7.) The rest of the month partly cold and blustering, partljr 
rainy, and parti/ pleasant. J^arch, Begins pleasant but win- . 
dy. 5. The snow is five feet deep in the woods. £2. A se- 
vere storm of snow. £6. More snow. '£9. Pleasant and 
warm. ^prU 8. More snow. I£. Rain. 15. More rain. 
£5. Rainy. May 10 and 16. The spring is very backward« 
£5. Raw cold. June 1. A very dry time, (see page 68.) 19. 
Though there has been two or three small showers, the 
drought awfully increases. £8. It rained most of last night 
and this morning. Thus in the mount God is seen, but the 
grain and grass are!much cut short. Jiugust 16. We have re- 
freshing rains, and it is now a growing season. 90. It is con- 
stantly hot, and becomes very dry again. September 17. A 
refreshing rain. October. Much i^n9 weather this month. 
SK Cloudy and cold, ^^vembtr and December* Common 
winter months. 

1768. 

January £9. The snow is three feet and a half upon ' a 
level. February, Some pleasant weather, but in general a 
cold month. Jnarek. Alternately cold and pleas^mt. April, 
A cold month. SO. A very cold spring thus far. May Gen- 
erally raw and cold. 31. People are every where, but now, 
planting. June, Some pleasant days, but mostly raw and 
cold. July, Little or no really hot weather this month. Very 
wet. August 19. Fine weather, but not hot. 31. Very cold 
all this week. September £8. The greater part of the Indian 
Corn in this town is^spoiled Jit was planted so late ; and it has 
been such a wet cold summer. October, Mostly cold and 
unpleasant. Mtvemher, Some pleasant, but mostly cold 
weather. December £5. The harbor froze over to the Islands. 

1769. 

January W, Incomparable sleighing. 31. A severe cold 
winter hitherto. February. Some comfortable pleasant 
weather this month. Afarch. Same, but there were snow 
storms the ££ and £6. April 4. The robbin visited us to day. 
The spring birds have been here singing several days. This 
month has been generally fair and pleasant, but cold 
and dry. May 11. A warm day ; the first this spring. 
16. The cherry trees are bfooming. 19. The grass is 
forward. £4. A delightful warm day ; but, 31. Cold 



137 

weathtr. Ther« has been but one warm, aftd one hot dajPf 
all this spring. June 5.Cbarmii)g hot* 7. May storm. 14.Rawy 
coo). £5. A happy growing season. JiUy 2, A frost. 18« 
A deluge of rain. Cherries begin to be ripe. 31. It is so 
wet^ season, we are in no baste to cut our grass. August A 
fruitful summer, especially in pasturing ana hay. September 
1. Ab^indance of pidgeons. 1 &. Qale of wind that blew dowii • 
the a|)ples, &lq. £6. Wonder of a bot day. SO. No frost 
yet. (ktfher |8. No frost yet. S£. Charming day. 30^ 
Cold weather, Mtveniber. Generally moderate this month, 
December, Snows and cold weather, but not more than com- 
non for the season. 

1760. 

January imd-Februmy. No weather umisiial in wintet 
months. March 13. Pleasant. 17. Cold and windy. £3. 
Snow. 30. The robbin and H>rii|g birds came a week.or ten 
days sooner than Usual ; so much forwarder is the spring than 
common. ^^Ipril. Several cold days. 27. Severe thuiider 
and lightning. May 1. The trees shoot out -their leaves. 
16. The heart'Cberry trees begin to blossom |earlieff than last 
year, and then earlier than Usual.). 31. No not weather tbi>' 
spring. Indian Corn looks poorly. June £6. There hee 
been but 114 hours of hot weather this year. July ISU 
Hot weather for a week past. Auguit IS. Hot and a. 
peerless growing season. S^fUmher 1. Multitudes of grass- 
hoppers. 16. Extremely hot. 17. Extremely cold. JVb* 
itember %• A gay morning and warm day. 14. Snow.' 
19. Exceeding cold. 33. Moderate weather. Jhcember 7* 
Pretty cold. flO. Much colder. £6. Calm nioinings all this 
week, and moderate through the days. 

1761. 

Janumry 11. The harbor froze over yesterday and to day, 
£6. A fine level snow, and enough of it. February* Wondec 
of a meatfa. The snow went away the 7th. March. Unusu> 
ally moderate weather this month. April 1. The season is 
uncommonly forward, warm and pleasant. fi£. Fine weather 
continually. 30. Cold. June 25. It is as melancholly dry a 
time as ever J saw. July 5* As great a drought as in 1749. 
fl. Gentle showers (see page 80.) 17. Plenty of pease, 
to. Raspberries. August 1. The drought awfully continues, 
12. No feed on the neck, a great while. 16. The drought in« 
creases (see page 80.) 19. ^orm of rain — (see page 80.) 31. 
Marvellous crowing tim^. Surprising change on the face of 
the f arth, l^jOsmlmr f^. The e9«th has a most beautiful green 
iaee* Ortekr 6. I%e (rass is better set than in the spriiur. 
- 12» 



138 

MketmherSi. We tieTer bad snob a December ; it began with 
sDOwing, and the mow is two feet apoo a level. It gives ^a% 
•leddiDg. 

1762. 

JFHmary 0t$dMmrch. (See page 81.) ^^prU If. Tbe'robbib 
tnd spring birds visit us. ft8. Tne last of tbe huge moontalii 
•f snow behind tbe garrison, disappeared. Jtme 5. Melan- 
cboly dry time. All are now looking for an absolute famine. 
M. A dark day. July 8. (See page 81.) August, (See page 
Jl£.) Odoikr. It is very oold a days, but no frost in our gar^ 
den yet. Abocm^ 30. Tbe last 1 1 days have be0n moder- 
ate and comfortable. December. Several delightful days tfab 
viontb. il6. TIm fore rivejr frpsen over. 81.' Winter sets in. . 

1763. 

JafUMvy tft. Ineomparable sledding. ^ £6. The harbor 
froze over all this week. 31. The harbor broke up. Fthrvr- 
ary4. The harbor is frozen over. 12. Same. £6. Same. 
S8. Thus ends February, as it did last year, a severe winter as 
any we bave had, (see page 83.) March, A cold blustering 
month. 28. It has been a cold tedious wipter, (see page 83.) 
Afril 15. There has been no rain this spring. The snow 

Soesaway kindly. IS. The robbin and spring birds begin to 
me up. 18. — (See page 84.) 30. The roads and ground as 
dry as summer. JIfay, to 18. Fine weather. 20. Col^, 
irbich prevents the cherry trees from blossoming. 24. The 
freshets are raised higher than ever known. 27. Warm 
weather is much wanted, (seepage 84.) July 1. There is no 
summer yet. 14. Not a hot night this summer ; indeed no 
hot weather at all, but constantly wet. 21 . Cold N. £. storm. 
There has not been for two months past, 48 hours of fair 
weather at one time. August 9. The weather continues fog* 
fy and wet. 26. Fair weather since this day sen'ight ; a 
great favor and rarity. September 10. A frost last night. 18. 
A plenty of rain after a fortnight of dry seasonable weather. 
$6. We began to dig our potatoes. Jstovemher 10. A long 
steHTO. 14. Very cold. 18. A great N. E. snow storm. 29. 
There has been the week past a spell of moderate pleasant 
weather. December 2. Moderate weather. 8. Raw 1 3. Pleas- 
ant- 18. Blustering. 

1764. 

January W. Hasbor froze^ over. 26. There fell just as 
:»ucb4aa«pai:'Ms wanted and desired. -tfuckbusiiieM.dana 



138 

tbis month. JMnutry, Geoeralijr moderate leather tttis 
monti). Aforcfc IS. Cold and windy. 15. Warm. 25. Un- 
comfortable. £8. Charming pleasant. ^prU 14. The spring 
is marvellously forward. 2^6. Pleasant day. J^ay, Generally 
a pleasant month. 25. The cherry trees are in full bloom. 
June 14. The earth is sufficiently soaked. 18. It has a most 
beauttfttl green isxie. 80. The fruits of it are promising. 
i/iugtbst 18; A very dry time seems to be coming on. SI.* A 
Tery dry time indeed. September 7. There has been a great 
deal of very cold weather. 18. Cold st^L 19. A hot day. 
26. Yery cold. SO. Delightfnl sabbath. Odober 3. Fiite 
weather. 19. Pleasant. 22. Very warm. 24. Cold and 
windy. 26. A great storm, wind S. £. Mmemher 1. Pleas* 
a»m. 9. Dry travelling. 16. Very cold. 27. A fine day. 
December 17. About 15 inches of anow up<m the ground. 2f. 
There is hetween 2 and 3 feet. 31. It has thus far been a 
severe winter ; nothing like it since 1747 and 1748, then it 
was more so. 

1766. 

January 8. The whole bay is skimmed over. 14. Plear 
sant. 22. The heart of the winter seems broke. locompar^ 
able sledding. 23« A charming day. 26. Very cold. 31. A 
great storm. Fehruary 5. Tempestuous and cold. 12. The 
ice lies over the harbor still. 14. A thaw. 18. Fine warm 
weather. 25, There has been no snow all tbis month. Marcf^ 
2. Winter returns upon us. 13. A charming day. 22. Raw 
cold. 24. Dismal snow storm. 31. Hot and pleasant, thoug|i 
it has been raw and cold for some time past. »^prU 9. Toe 
robin this morning first made bis appearance. 10. The spring 
bird with the robbin, gave us a serenade. 11. The wind blew 
fiesh and cold. 19. Warm. 22. Raw* cold. 30. The dry 
time continues and increases. J^ay 1. Plentiful rain. 12 
The spring is uncommonly forward, 14. The cherry blows. 
25. Cold for 9 days past. 27. An extremely hot day. 29. 
A growing season. June. A growing season. 30. A great 
prospect of grain and grass, though the Indian corn, very 
much wants heat. July. Alternately warm and cold. Jlugust 
The pastures are dried up. Septetl^her 2. Plentiful rains. 
The earth has a new face. 15. Very cold. 24. A delightful 
day. December 16. Snow. 31. Last night was as cold as 
(perhaps) it ever was, in this country, and continues so. 

1766. 

January 6. The harbor remains shut pp. . 9. Fine wea- 
ther. 17. Severely cold. 21. Rain. 30. Incomparablv 
plefts«m« Fikfumy 4. Fine ileddhig, 9. liiis is tlw IM 



140 

day 9io«e there has been anj fasting weather. 19. Pleasant 
da J. S6. Fair and plea9ant. £8. Very cold. April- Oeoe- 
rally pleasant. 27. The spring eomee on finely^ Mtnf 5. A 
long spell of raw cold weather. 16. .Our cherry trees begin 
to blossom. £6. They are in full blow« 91. The spring is 
luioomiBonly forward. The Indian corn tn many places, has 
eome up. Ame 14. An uacomoion growing season. Jul^ 
90. Rain every day ; never such a season ; yet the old grass 
croiinds have but poor bordens, owing to the last winter's 
frost, whieh killed the grus. Augmi 18. Such a growing 
season* throogli the who& sonuner never was known. Sefh' 
Umber 1. Cabbages are beginning to head. 10. Micbaehnas 
storms. SO. The earth lias a most beaotifitl face. The fing*> 
lisb grass is now set and grows more than at any time this 
year^and there has been no froet yet. Odobar. PleasaAt 
weather most of the month. 81. A svrprising watm sum- 
mers day. ATommhtr 1, ft. Two other sooh days. 9, 19. 
Cold. 14. Moderate again. 17. A great storm of snow* 
29. Geese and chickens plenty at 2s. a pound, turkeys 2s. 6d.* 
Cold weather. Deeemher &. Butter 5s. a lb. A moderate 
month for December. 

1767. 

Jmnmmy 6. A deluge of rain has carried away most of the 
snow. II. Snow. 18. More rain. The last snow entirely 
carried away. 17. More snow. 21. The roads are all ice 
again. 26. More snow. 90. Incomparable sledding. Feb* 
ruory. A cold month. 28. Warm and pleasant. March 8. 
A great rain. 4. Storm. 12. Cold. 17. Charming day,- 
good walking. 24. Rainy. 90. We had smelts to day, two 
coppers a dozen. 91. Charming spring-like weather, a. m. 
Jipril 6. The robbros came and began to sing. May 12. 
Strangely cold. 15. The heat breaks in upon m. 52^ The 
heart cherries are In the blow. 27. Cold. June 11. A grow- 
ing season, but poor prospect of grass. 16. Cold. 21. Eic«' 
tremely hot, sliower in the evening. 27. No rain since 21 st. 
90. Showers. JhUy 20. People are concerned about the 
dfotMht. 29. Chreat showers. 91. Beloge ofr^n. JiugvH 
18. The grass grows more than in the springl 29. Extreme* 
ly hot. 26 and 28, the same. Septembzr ^, We began to 
cKg iwr potatoes ; moderate faH. -Odofter 19.' Cold weather. 
28. Storni»ofsnow. 90. Charmingpleasant, since the storm. 
December 14. Snow. 10. Snow.. 21. Exceeding cold ; the 
thermometor down to 0. 28. More snow. The snow* 4 fe^t 
and more at Glouoester. 



* SiheM iirkff sMst tev« tesa iauM tcasr 



141 
1768. 

Febrvary 1. There 13 a gf eat body of snow upon the ground. 
10. 4^ feet in the woods, so that people are beat out of them, 
and pour in their teams with wood. 27. All the week has 
been warm like April, and. indeed aU the month. - The win* 
ter must be aecounted moderate, except December and a week 
ifi November ;< the thermometer is generally between S6 and 
40 Jeg. March. Generally cold and windy. £0» A terrible 
storm of snow* ^prU 1. A great storm of snow. 9. It con- 
tinues cold and windy. £1. A backward spring. d9. Tber* 
mometer rose to 64, 30, sunk to 47. May Id. C(dd still, and 
the spring unusuallv backward* * 20. The thermometer up-to 
72. 21. Now 76, but P. M. sunk 20 deg^ The cherries and 
damson trees begin to blow* - 28. The face of the earth 19 
renewed and beautifully green. Junt to 12. Frequent 
showers. 14. A great storm as ever we knew ; wind S. S. E. 
that did-a great deal of damage. 20. Warm; here we may 
reckon summer begins. Julyl^ It rains almost every dey« 
22. A happy season for Indian corn. 2&. Very hot. 2iv 
The cherries are a good deal colored, dl. Hot weather con- 
tinues. September 1(5. Seasonable weather all the week. 29. 
A great frost last night, spoiled the unripe corn, ^itvemhtr 6. 
Pleasant. 20. A great storm of rain. 27. Snow. SO. It 
has been an uncommon cold,, cloudy, rainy fall, as weH as 
summer. December 3 1 . The snow is all gone, and the grounds 
bare* 

1769. 

January. Very moderate weather most of the month. Feh^ 
Tua?^. Cold weather came on. 17. The harbor and whole 
bay froze up. 18. Warm like summer. 21. Still warmer. 
28. Here the weather changes to winter again. March (31) 
has been a spell of true winter weather. JiprU 15. We set 
out our cabbage stumps. 20. Very cold spring hitherto. 29* 
Very dry and very cold weather. May, Generally coW and 
rainy. June. . Generally cold. 25. Fine hot weathef. 29. 
Cold again. Julyjt. Raw cold. 14. Very dry. 22. Ther- 
mometer at 83. From this time, much rain to the end of the 
month. August A full and good crop of hay, and success. 
in making it ; and there is as good a prospect as the latter 
' harvest. September, Foggy days. 8. Dreadful N. E. sto-m. 
12. Cold nights but pleasant days. 16. An extraordinary 
week of warm days. 26. Delightful weather. 29. Charming 
weather every day. October 12* A deluge of water. 17. 
Another cold day. 27 to 31. Pleasant i^eather. Nitvember 
7. We have had a cold. fall. 16. Very cold. 29. Last night 



142 

the thermometer was down to 12. IheemherfL More mod* 
erate. 8. Severe cold. 13. Thermometer at 3 o'clock down 
to 3. 23. At 4. 31. At 2, but fair weather ftod good 
walking. 

1770. 

January 5. Thermometer S deg. below 0. 7. Storm of 
rain ; thermometer 47. 18. Thermometer 3 below 0. 23. 
The harbor remains shut up. 25. Colder still. 28. A warrm 
day. jPeftruary 1. Thermometer 3 below 0. 15. Thaw. 23. 
Snowed all last night. 27. Thermometer 3 below 0. We 
have had a close winter, as cold perhaps as ever Was. March 
9. Dehghtful fair morning. 14. Very cOld,and good sledding. 
18. The last sleighing. 31. Snow gone. Not much windy 
weather the month past. »^prU 8. Pleasant. 19. Windy 
and cold. 28. Very hot ; thermometer up to 23. May 5. 
Thermometer 74. 16. English cherries begin to blow. 25. 
Rainy. 29. Sbowry ; the spring is unusually forward. June* 
Some raw cold days. 25. Hot growing season. 29, Ther- 
mometer 90. July 11. Hot dry weather since 25th June ; 
after which, there were frequent rains. Septemher 8. Dry 
again. 14. A deluge of rain. 20. Indian corn is thought to 
be out of danger. October U Adelightfurl day. 3. Stormy 
and cold. 1 1. A deluge of rain. 20. An exceeding great N. 
£. storm. 29. Pleasant ; the most of the month has been 
raw, cold, rainy and stormy* JVwemher. Generally moder- 
ate and pleasant till 27th. December. Generally moderate 
snd pleasant, and (no snow) thermometer almost down to 0. 

1771. 

January 13. The frost seems to be getting out of the ground. 
17. A vast deal of rain. 31. It began to snow; thus far an 
nnusually moderate winter ; but Fthruary has paid us oif. 
21. Thermometer down to 0. AprU. ('Till towards the last 
of the month) Has been generally cold and unpleasant. May 
6 The spring is thought to be very forward. 20. The heart 
cherry trees are all in blossom. June 17. Unusual cold days, 
hitherto. 30. A remarkable growing season for every thing 
but Indian corn, which is exceeding backward. July 4. Ther- 
mometer up to 84. 11. Cool day. 18. Cool still. 30. Very 
hot. August 14. People admire the seasonableness of the 
weather through the summer, and the universal fruitfulness. 
October 19. A delightful summer day. 20 and 23 the same. 
28 and 29. Two very c6ld freezing days. JVbvember, Much 
such a month as last November. December , has paid us 
severely, the whole of it (except 2 or 3 days) lias been steadily 
cold, (extraordinarily so) and stormy and snowing. 24. The 
thermometer was 4 deg. below 0. 



143 

•1772, 

"" Junuary 17. Peerless sledding. 31. Though it has snow- 
ed very onen this month, there has been no deep snows. Feb" 
ruary 12. Thermometor at 0, and in the evening 4 degrees 
below 0. 13. 16 degrees below 0. 14, 4, and 15, 8 degrees 
below 0. 16. A moderate day. 20. A deluge of rain. 25. 
Easterly storm. 28. A beautiful gay morning. 29. It has 
snowed more then £1 times, all of them (except the last) very 
level. March, A cold, stormy, blustering month, .^pru^ 
Several storms and a number of pleasant days. May 1 and 2* 
Very hot. 12. Frosts and ice. 20. Growing time ; the 
plumb and cherry trees are blooming. 25 to 30, Raw cold 
and rainy. 31. A summer day. June, Several cold days, 
yet a growing season. August \%, The grass uncgmmonly 
well grown and good. 26. A deluge of rain. 30. H ct weather, 
and a growing time as ever was. September 30. It has been 
a remarkable fruitful summer. October 30. 'Tis thought that 
near a quarter of the spring, summer and fall, has been rainy 
weather, and most of it stormy. December* Several summer 
like days this month. 

1773. 

February, A"cold blustering uncomfortable month, except 
the 3 last days which were pleasant and moderate. March 1. 
Very moderate. 14. Pretty cold. 31. Spring like day. 
April showers And melodious singing of the birds : among 
which were two robbins, in such a maimer as I never knew 
the like. Aprils* Raw cold. 8. Spring like weather. 15. 
Raw cold. 21. Some warm days. 25. Rainy. SO. Raw 
cold easterly weather. May 1. The spring is thought to be a 
month forwarder than usual. 10. Wonderful hot summer 
weather. 12. The heart cherry and pear trees in blow, and 
the common cherries and plumb trees are just upon it. 22 to 
26'. Rainy. June 5. A hot day. 7. Cooler. 11. Cold. 
15. Strawberries plenty. 23. Wonderful weather. 28. Ex- 
tremely hot, thermometer at 92. July 7. A melancholy dry 
time. 12. A smart thunder shower. 20. A great rain. Sep" 
iember^. Damsons begin to be ripe. 12, Very cold. 18. 
Very hot. 27. The wells fail. 28. Extremely hot. 29. 
A storm of rain- 30. There has been no frost to do any 
damage. October 31 . This month has been a wonderful^ 
moderate, pleasant season. December l{i. A storm of rain. 
11. Surprising pleasant day. 19. It snowed all last night an4 
inost of to-day. 



144 
1774. 

January 10. The thermometer in the study was down (oO^ 
and in the woodhouse 8 degrees below 0. 11. It was 6 deg. 
colder. £2. The thermometer was down to the bottom of 
the plate. 31. More moderate. JPe&ruary 11. Moderate. 
14. The snow is about a foot deep in the woods. March 31. 
This month has been very moderate* The robbins came and 
tuned tip April 8 It has not froze in the bouse since the*^ 
beginning of February. 13 The spring is very forward. We 
began to dig our garden, £4- A surprising hot summer day. 
S8. Storm of rain. May. A raw cold month ; the spring 
backward. 31. A hot day. June 6. Cold. 10. Summer 
breaks in upon us. 17. Set out cabbage plants. July 10. 
Not a cherry or plumb this year. 13. A memorable growing 
season 30. We have had many small messes of peas. £9. 
Very hot ; a fine hay season. •August 11. A melancholy 
dry lime. 29. The flies are vastly troublesome. September 
1. Very hot and dry. 16. It is an exceeding dry time. 2&. 
Cold. 80 Very hot. October .10. Everyday is unusually 
warm and constantly dry. 14. IMiunder shower,with a deluge 
of rain. 23. Warm. JSTavemberS, It is almost as dry as be- 
fore. 5. It rained plentifully. 11. A calmn and pleasant 
day. 16. A deluge of rain fell. 20. Very cold. 22. Storm 
of snow. 25- Storm of rain. 28. Warm and pleasant. 
December 8. Theie is no frost in the ground. 14> Cold. 19* 
Rain all day, and at night a prodigious tempest ; the rest of 
the month, snow and cold. 

1775. 

January 6. Very cold days. £3. Very moderate weather. 
it7. A summers day. £8. Wonderful moderate. February ?• 
There has been no snow, and but little rain since the £9th of 
December ; wonderful weather, we saw two robbins. 11. 
Warm day. 18. Cold. 20. Snow, incomparable sledding. 
£1. A summers day. £3. A great snow storm. March 7. 
The frqst seems out of the ground in the streets. [On thw 
day, (March 7) in the year 1621, Mourt says, in his relation of 
the affairs of Plymouth : ** We begin to sow our garden 
seeds." — Pnnce'i Chronology] 15. We have wonderful mod^ 
erate weather. £8. It has been a wonder of a winter ; so 
moderate and unfreezing. April 4. Cold days. 5. A very 
stormy snowy day. 1£. Cold N. £. snow storm. May 9* 
^e spring hitherto has been, and is cold, wet and backward^ 
except the grass. 19. Hot summers day. £4. RawandcOld^ 
£•• 'A'\ summers day. 31. The cherry and plumb trees are 
out of, and the apples In the midst of blossoms. June 7. A 
hot aojd dry season. 16. There was a small frost. ££• Cold 



145 

for stsveral days. 29. A great storm of rain. July f . The 
face of the earth is renewed affectingly, but no grass on the 
neck. 11. It rained plentifully. 12. An extreme hot day. 
SI. A fine shower. August 12. We have plentiful rains. 
20. A wonderful year for fruit of all sorts. 29. It rained 
abundantly. jSep^em&er 30. A great frost. Octo6erll. Ve- 
ryghot. 21. A great storm after the burning of the town, 
that lasted three days. JVbvemier. The whole of this month 
has been one continued spell of severely cold windy winter 
like weather. December 24. Severely cold. 

1776. 

January 29. This month (like the two past) has been con- 
stantly and severely cold. The wind has been westerly all 
winter. February » A dismal cold snap of weather. 29. The 
winter past has been the coldest, in the whole, that has been 
known. The ground has been constantly covered with snow. 
March 19. It seems as if the summer was breaking upon us. 
AprU 22. It is a very cold, wet and backward spring. May 
8. The ground has frozen three nights past. 10. A hot day 
and night. 12. Hot. 17. The heat continues. 26. Cold 
weather, all the week. 31. Very cold still. June 12. Hot 
summer. 19. A drought seems to be coming on with worms. 
25. A small shower. 28. Hot for several days past. 29. 
Showers. July. Plentiful rain through this month and the 
next. September 20. Remarkable warm weather. 30. No 
frost yet to do any harm, A great prospect of Indian Corn. 
J^ovtmher. This whole month has been remarkable for fine 
moderate weather. December 6. It is constantly moderate, 
la. Signs of snow, but none. 20. Very cold. 27. Extreme 
jDold. 31. Cold ; very poor sledding. 

1777. 

January \%. Pretty good sledding. PehraaryW. It snow* 
ed all day. 15. Very cold. £1. Storm of snow. 28. Con- 
tinual snow storms. Mo-rch |7. It has been surprising warm 
weather for some time. April 6. Bad walking. 12. A won- 
derful week of warm weather. Jlfai^ 15. It is agreed to be 
the coldest weather, and most backward spring that ever was. 
20. Raw cold. 25. A hot summer day. 26. RaW cold, with 
a deluge of rain. June 30. Cold, very cold ; nothing ever 
like it through the whole spring, and yet every thing is flour-^ 
ishing, perhaps never more so, except Indian Cora. JtUy 9. 
A great cold storm, with much rain. 13. Dismal cold. 15. 
13 



I 



146 

A hot summers day. 17. Every tbiog is flouri8biii|. 29. A 
marvellous fruitful season as to every thing. MuguH 18. 
Never was there sifch gardens, Aever such fields, never such 
pastures, never such a year for every thing. Hot weather to 
the end of the month. S^iember 2. The earth is burdened 
with its fruits. 8. There was a frost in several of the back 
towns that killed the corn leaves. IS. Another great frost. 
The corn not hurt. S3. N. E. storm. 27. Fair. 30. Com- 
foi table. October 9. Hitherto this month, very pleasant 
weather. 18. Deluge of rain and very high wind. 11. Very 
cold. 21. It snowed all day. 25. The week past, raw cold 
winter weather. November. A cold stormv month. 

1778. 

Januaru and February, True winter, both as to cold and 
fiQow. March 31. The whole month past has been a tedious 
spell of severely cold, stormy, snowy weather. April 25. It 
has been almost constantly, cold and very windy. 28. We 
towed our garden five weeks sooner than last spring. 30. 
The spring is forward, the ground is dry, but the weather cold. 
3f4i^ 8. B^ny. 15. A summers day. 31. There has been 
a great frost two nights past. June 14. Cold weather a few 
days. .27. Fine weather for the Indian Corn, which grows 
wonderfully, and there is as great a prospect of all the fruits of 
tho earth as ever was. July 2.. It is a dry time. 18. The 
drought awfully continues* 27. It is as grievous a drought as 
ever was known. 31. People fear a famine. The ladian 
Corn curls, and is like to come to nothing ; and there is no 
prospect of any potatoes nor turnips, nor any sauce at all. 
t^gust 6. Plentiful rains. 9. Uncommon hot. It has been 
through the whole, a fine seasonable and remarkable hot surn-* 
mer. 16. Rain. 20. Extremely hot. 21. A shower, short, 
but plentiful. 26. A shower. September n. No frost to do 
any damage. 30. Potatoes have grown to the wonder ef all. 
October 1 to Z, Wonderful fine weather. 19 to 22. Same and 
hot. 28. Wonderfully moderate. JVovemher and December^' 
Generally very cold and stormy — (see page 110.) 

1779. 

January 4.-^ See page 110.) 21. The harbor and whole 

' bay froze over. 26. Remained so till to day. February 1. 

Pleasant. 4. Hotthawyday. 7. Fair and moderate. 10. 

Tbawy. 13. Windy and cold. 22. Moderate, March ita 

8. Delightful days. 9. Snow. 12. Storm of snow. 19, 



147 

Snow. si. Somberly snow storm. Aprxtl, A grievous cry 
for bread. 10. Four days past pleasant and warniw 19. 
Flounders plenty. 24. Pleasant. 26. Began to digour-far- 
den. May 18. The cherries and plums began to blow^ but 
no grass yet. June 23. Strawberries at the best. 25. Sever- 
al days of hot weather. Every thing flourishes vastly* Juhf 
5. The Indian Corn was never so forward and flourishing. 
14. A fine hot rain. 25. Steady riwn. A wonder of a sea- 
son. August 31 Cut our corn stalTks. Never was the corn 
so forward. Poor hay season, by reason of the almost daily 
rains. September 4. A great tempest of rain. 12. Rainy* 
18. Very not. 24. A wonder of a potatoe year, so many, so 
large, and so good. October 1. No frost yet, though very 
cold for three days past. 4. Warm. 10. Very hot. 

23. Hot summer day. 29. Wonderful fine weather. 
Never such a fine season. J^ovember 30. A moderate falK 
December 31. The past has been a true winter month, very 
cold and stormy, with repeated snows. 

1780. 

January. A cold stormy month. -^(see page llB,yFtbmary • 
Some thaws and some cold weather until the 15th, thence to 
the 24th, moderate. 25. Very cold. 29. A most delightful 
.day ; a weather breeder. March 2. Blustering day, lion like 
March. 7. Pleasant. 12. Tempestuous. 18. Moderate and 
pleasant since the 12th. 26. Windy and cold. AprU 15. 
Moderate spi;r,g like uafither. May 1. No warm weather 
yet. 10. Summer forenoon, quite reviving. 11. Cold and 
windy. 18. A cold backward spring. 24. A little summer- 
ish. 27. Thunder showers, quite needful, it being a dry time. 
'80. No grass yet. June 30. A wonder of a winter the past, 
and a spring, and a summer thus far, so cold and till now dry. 
July 1. The grass grows to the admiration of all. 4. Very 
hot. 18. Plenty of rain. 28. Extreme hot. August 2. A 
blessed rain. 7 to 16. Sultry hot. 18. A wonder Ail change 
from very hot to very cold. 22. A fine season for vegetation. 

24. A memorable hot night. 27. Extremely hot. 29. In- 
tense hot day and night. 31. A great rain ; very cold. Sep- 
Vernier 1. Cold still. 3. Heavy showers. 21. Calm hot sum- 
mers day. November 1. A great snow storm.'-' SO. The whole 
month generally cold and stormy. December 1 and 2. Se- 
verely cold. 9. Moderate all the week. 18. No snow on 
the ground. 23. Snowed about five inches. 28. More snow. 
26. Snow knee deep. 28. The roads are all blocked up. 



148 1 

178L 

Atni^ary 6. -Fine sledding. 9. Extreme cold. S3. Agre^t 
storm of snow. 28. Rain and atliaw. February 1. Sno%v 
again, but turned to rain. 5. Severe cold storm of snow. 9. 
Extreme cold. 17. Great storm of snow. 20. Blustering 
and verj cold. 24. The street is brimful of «now, we are 
buried up. March 10. Cold month thus far ; fine sledding. 
15. A beautiful spring. 18. Rain and snow. £3. It snowed | 

all day. £8. Very cold and windy. Jlpril 3. A great snow ^ 

storm. 11. A heavy rain. 19. Snow again. 22. Cold and 
windy. 29. Moderate. Jlfovl. Pleasant day, quite reviving. 
9. Cold and windy, 15. Warm. 20 and 21. Summer 
days. 30. Hot summer weather. June 11. A fine growing | 

season. 19. Heavy shower, with thunder and lightning, and 
great hail. 27. A deluge of rain. 30. No summer but tbre6 
days. July 5. A hot day and night. 8. Extremely hot. 15. J 

Very hot. 24. Small showers ; a very dry time. 80. A 
merciful shower. August 6. A grievous drought. 13. A 
plentiful rain. 20. A deluge of rain. September 15. Hot 
weather. 20. Fine weather. 24. A summer's day. October 
3. 'Horrid cold. 10. A very hot summer's day. 11. Hotter 
(like this day 59 years.) 22. It froze last night. 31. A mod- 
erate fall, thus far. J^ovember 2. A great storm, and a deluge 
of rain. 11. A moderate day. 18. Rainy. 23. Blustering 
and cold. 25. Storm of snow. 30. A tedious, cold, stormy 
month. i>ecem6«r 7. Snow. 11. Good sledding. 28. Storm 
of fine snow. 31. Another great snow storm. 

1782. 

January 1 to 7. Thaws. 1 1. Snow. 13. A great storm of 
snow. 16 and 17. Severe cold. 28. Colder. 30. The har- 
bor has been froze up a fortnight. 31. Colder still, (see p.l 15) 
February 3. Still cold and snowy. 12. Colder than any day 
yet. 28. A long, close, stormy and severe winter as perhaps 
ever was known,(see p.l 15) March 1. Moderate. 6. Rainy. 
14. A fine day. 18. A deluge of rain. 23. Lion-like March, 
26. High wind and cold. April 2. A delightful day. 7. A 
heavy rain. 14. A pleasant day. 16. The spring is moder- 
ate and forward. 28 and 29. Pleasant. 30. The spring is 
diought to be remarkably forward. J^ay, A cloudy and wet 
month, but few fair days and not a hot one. June 30. A 
wonder of a season ; the Indian corn that was backward, re- 
vives, revived and flourishes. August 31. A memorable 
summer, with but few hot days. September 4. A horrid cold 
day. 16. Very cold. 17. Pleasant summer's day ; a woji- 



i 



I 



149 

der ! 14. Plentifol rains. 30. A delightful day. Odoher 
5. A week of pleasant weather. 14. A dry time. 17. A grand 
rain. 23. A delightful warm day. 25. Another. 81. It snow* 
ed most of the day. JVbvem^rS. Very cold. 9. Moderate. 
Sft. Horrid cold and windy. Dtceffiber. A cold month. 

1783. 

No Journal of the weather 'till April, which was in general 
a pleasant month. May 9. After an unusual dry spring hith- 
erto, there fell a deluge of water last night. 10. Another 
great rain. £0. Very cold. 21. Very warm. 22. A deluge 
of rain. 29. A hot day. 30. Very hot. Jufie, The first 
part of the month coTd, cloudy and wet. The latter part, very 
hot. July 6. It rained plentifully. 11. A grand rain. 19. 
Hardly any hot weather this month. 25 and 26. Very hot ; 
our gardens are surprisingly flourishing. 30. A deluge of rain. 
•August 7. Extreme hot. S and 9. Very cold, raw and win- 
dy. 12. Cold. 1&. Extremehot. 19. A surprising grow- 
ing season. 21. A very hot day. 24. Extremely hot. 28. 
More rain. 31. A remarkable uneven summer ; some few 
days extremely hot, but the most of it, heavy raw weatheri 
with sea-winds and cold. September^ has been like the sum- 
mer, and particularly like the last month of it. October, The 
same, never the like ; a most memorable year. November 12. 
A strange warm day. l5. A deep snow. 28. A great storm. 
December, The first half moderate, the latter, cold and 
stormy. 

1784. 

January 31. The first week of this month was moderate,but 
the rest horrid cold, stormy, snowy weather. February, A 
cold month, and indeed a cold winter through the whole, the 
longest and coldest ever known. March has been moderate 
and not so very windy as usual. April 6. It snowed yester- . 
day and went away to-day. 17. This is the 3d day of cold, 
rainy, snowy weather. 29. Raw, cold, the spring is very 
backward, J^ay 9. A pleasant day. 15. A hot summ^'s 
day. 25. A deluge of rain. June 3. A hot morning. 5. A 
hot day ; thus summer breaks in upon |is. 12. Cold. 18. 
Hot. 20i Very hot. 37. (Sunday) A terrible tempest,which 
obliged me to break off in my sermon. 30. As growing a 
season as we could wish ; strawberries are very plenty, large 
and good. .Jt*iy. Frequent rains this month. 20. Extremely 
hot. 31. Fair and good hay. season, but not before, (see p. 11 9)- 
August 4c. Heavy rain. 14. We have had a week of very 
hot weather. 18. A wonderful growing season. 23. Great 



1 



150 i 



rains frequently. SepUmhtr SL A deluge of rain. 14. Un^ 
commonly cold. 19. Cold. 29. A warm delightful day. 80. 
No frost yet to hurt the corn or do much damage. JSTovember 
90. A wonderful month ; so moderate, and no b«rd frost 'till 
last night. December 9. It has not froze in the house yet. 11. 
Perhaps there never was so moderate a season. 13. Cold and 
windy ; winter seems to besetting in. 19. A terrible windy, 
cold day. 20. Snow. £S. Another terrible storm of snow. 

1785. 

Fehruary 3. Very cold, the harbor is froze up. 12. A cold 
stormy day. 12. Very cold and stormy. 20. Moderate for 
several days. 25. An exceeding great driving storm of snow. 
March 1. Very cold. 9. More snow but level. 15. Very 
told and windy. 24. Blustering cold. 31. True winter 
weather. AprU 3. More snow. 7. Middle-street is all water 
and mire. 10. Back-street, the snow is as high as the fences ; 
BO sleigks can pass. 13 and 14. Very cold. 24. The snow 
consumes surprisingly, but it is 2 or 3 feet deep in the woods. 
28 and 29. Wonderful warm, sprins-Iike days. May 5. Clou- 
dy and dull for 5 days past. 8. Rainy. 14. A deluge of 
rain. 1 9. The country people are but now beginning to plant ; 
the spring is so very backward, cold and wet. 23. The May 
storm. 27. Deluge of rain, fatal 'tis feared to the Indian 
corn, just planted. 30. A hot day, which causes the cherry 
«nd plumb trees to l>egin to blossom. 31. Another hot day 
which occasions great joy. June 2. A very' hot day. 7. Cold. 
18. Very hot weather. 21. Cold and rainy. 22. Very hot. 
23. Raw cold. 25 and 26. Hot. 27. Piercing cold. 29. Hot 
day. 30. Perhaps there never was a more seasonable year for 
grass. July 31. We have bad marvellous seasonable weather 
hitherto ; every thing is very flourishing,- never a better pros- 
pect. Jiugiui 8. A deluge of rain. 9. Remarkably cold. 
18. Third day of hot weather. 20. The heat continues ; 
Happy season ! 22. A 7th hot day. 27. Cloudy, windy and 
cool. September^ has been (except a day or two) a month of 
raw, cold, uncomfortable weather, but no frost yet. October. 
This month has heen unusually cold, raw and unpleasant. 
(See p. 120) JSTowmber 6. Cold Sabbath. 0. Heavy, dull 
weather. 23. A N. E. storm. 26. Another. 27. A pleas- 
ant Sabbath. December 2. Cold. 4. Storm of snow. 7. 
Snow again. 8. Horrid cold. 17. A deluge of rain, and a 
thorough thaw. 18. A summer's day. 19. Another ; the 
snow is all gone and the frost out of the ground. 25. Cold% 
SO. Severe cold storm of snow. 



151 
1786. 

January. A cold month, though it closes moderately. Ftb- 
ruary 18. A warm day, but the rest of the month was cold 
weather and good sledding. March 7 and 9. Pleasant and 
moderate. 10. Windy and cold. 14. Moderate. 19. A 
most beautiful day. 26. A surprising warm summer's day. 
•^pn/comesiu raw andcold. SJ. A severe snow storm. 9 
to 14. Cold and windy. 22. The whole week (except Fri- 
day) has been heavy, raw, rainy weather. May 31. The 
spring is thought to be forward ; most people have planted, 
June 1. Summer commences with a hot day. 4. Extreme 
hot. 5. Cold. 7. Very hot. 13. Growing season. SO. 
Never was more seasonable weather, and never a greater pros- 
pect as to all the fruits of the earth. July 2. Extreme hot. 
9 and U. Same. 12. Rain, happy season. 18. Cold. 22. 
But a few hot days yet. 30. Hot A. M. but dismal sea wind 
P. M. August 31. Very little hot weather this month. Sep- 
Umber, The whole of this month has been wonderfully mod- 
erate. October 30. A wonder of a fall this, hitherto ; almost 
constantly one uniform course of moderate weather. It has 
been as dry and hot as summer, no rain but one day. Ab- 
vemher 12 Raw and cold. 17. It snowed and came up win- 
dy and cold. 20. Cold. 25. Fine sledding ; true winter 
since the 17. 30. So dry a fall was never known. There is 
no water in the earth ; the wells fail, and the prospect is dark 
as to water. December 1 to 3. Very cold. 5. Storm of snow. 
8. Another, greater. 14. Moderate. 20. The roads are ali 
blocked up with snow. 24.* Cold and stormy ; a vast deal of 
damage done by the late storms. 31. The weather moderated, 

1787. 

January, Almost the whole of this month, it has been se- . 
verely cold. February S* Cold weather. 12. A little more 
moderate. 19 and 20. Cold. 28. There have been no deep 
snows with us, but from Portsmouth to Boston, the roads have 
been blocked up, and to Newport and New-London, it has 
been vastly deeper. Truly a memorable winter. March 1. 
The heavy dull weather still continues. 4. Last night there 
was a great storm of snow, near a foot. 12. Pleasant. 13. 
The snow is 5 feet deep in the woods. 15. The closest win- 
ter remembered. 19. Wonderful warm, pleasant day. 21. 
Winter seems to be over. Aprils, A hot summer's day. 5, 
Cold again. 8 to 17. Moderate and pleasant. 19. Five days 
of very blustering and tempestuous cold weather, night and 
day. 30. From the 17, this has been a cold month; but 
few warm days, yet we begin to dig our garden 3 weeks soon- 
er than the two years p^st« May 8. A hot summer's day. it. 



162 

A storm of rain. 16. The dreadful eastern ureatber continues. 
25. A deluge of rain. 26. Horrid cold and frosts. SI. A * 
com spring. JuneZ, Dismal r^w and cold. 18. The week 
past was hot weather. 24. A hot but windy Sabbath. £5. 
Heary rain. 30. Indian corn is backward, but there is a good 
prospect of En«;lish grass. July 1 to 3. Raw, cold, easterly 
weather. 7. Four days past, very hot. 17. A fine rain. 19. 
Very cold. 23. There has not been a hot night this summer. 
SI. Nothing like summer yet. Alas ! for the Indian corn. 
August I and 2. Raw cold. 3. Summer breeses. 13. Fog- 
gy. 21. No hot weather yet. 27. Cold. 80. Warmer. 
September. Some warm and some cold weather. October 2 
and 3. Hot summer days. 8. Cold. IS. A week of warm 
weather. 20. A week of uncommon cold, windy weather. 
24. Three surprising hot days. 31. The raw, heavy, cold 
weather returns. Jyovember 30. This month has been favor- 
ably moderate. The ground has hardly froze, and no snow. 
December, The weather has, this month, been quite moderate* 

j1 respectable citizen of Portland^ has handed to me 

the following : 

1808. 

April 14, Put the seeds of beets, carrots and onions in the 
ground, in my garden, Portland. 20. Grafted appletrees. 
SO. Asparagus was fit to cut. May 1. Peach and pear-trees, 
gooseberries and currents were in blossom ; beets are come up. 

1809. 

July 11. Pulled carrots for the table. 3. Comraeneed 
mowing my grass at the farm. 

1810. 

Ap^ 24. Put the seeds ofcarrots, beets, onions and pars- 
nips in the ground. May 14. Onions, carrots, beets, pars- 
nips, cucumbers and muskmellons itre all up and growing well 
— ^pear and plumb-trees are in blossom. 

1811. 

March }6. Put the seeds of cabbage, lettice and' radishes in 
thegfound, and they^ did well. 28. Sowed sweet marjorum 
and other pot herbs, the frost behig out of the ground, •^oril 
1. The cabbage, lettice, is up and growing well. Apru 8. 
Planted potatoes on my farm, and bad them fit for eating the 
last of June; also green peas. 

1816. 

AptU 11. Was a snow storm, the ground covered with snow, 
and much frost in the ground. Jlfa^ 21. Peajr-tree?, currants 
and gooseberries are in blow. 



153 

t have just now seen in a late Bostoil paper, the following 
lines taken from the Bermuda Gazette. The reader, after 
perusing the foregoing Diary will, I think, be gratified with 
their insertion in this place* 

Varied circumstances of our Globe and its 

Inhabitants. 

Each day 'tis freezing, thawing, hailing, snowing. 
Raining, thundering, lightning, calm and blowing ; 
The sun illumes one half each moment's space, 
While darkness follows swift and fills its place ; 
Each part therefore partakes its share of light, 
The poles, per annum, have one day and night, 
While Northern climes are sowing seed in spring, 
The Southern ones are gathering harvest in. 
When Summer's heat almost consumes the first, 
The latter are almost benumb'd with frost. 
Phosbus is always rising, southing, setting — 
Some going to rest, others up are getting ; 
Each day makes many widows, many wives ; 
Each day earth loses eighty thousand lives ; 
While infants cry at the first dawn of light, 
Old age is crying for the loss ,of sight ; 
The former looking for that bliss before, 
The latter retrospectively deplore ; 
Each says in turn, though earth is richly blest, 
liook upward, man, for this is not your rest 3 
There's none but Him who doth the whole control, 
Is capable to fill tbe spacious soul ; 
In Him confide, to Him your troubles tell, 
And soon you'll find that he doth all things well. 



J^ames of persons deceased, whose deaths are noticed 

in the foregoing Extracts, 

1733. 1738. 1747. 

M?W^^a'^^T i?''5^ ^"^®- Old Mr. Pride. 

Mr. Woodward. Mr. Avery. "Pnhrflir.! TSTae^n 

Mr. Walton. Mr. Toppan. Ephraim Nason. 

1734. Mr. Townsend. , . ^J^S. 
Mr. AfUms. 1744. Justice Moody. 

1736. Mr. Trickey. Capt. Larrabee. 

Mr. Pitman. Father Thomes. 1749. 

Mr. Bos worth. 1746. Nathan Bangs. 

Daniel Ktnt. Increase Pote. Mr. Young. 



154 



Sen). Sweetseri 
Mr. Roberts. 
Mr. Newman. 
Capt. Wheeler. 

1751. 

■' Pote. 

Deac. Lunt. 

1753. 
Mr. Dabney. 
Mr. Pitman. 
Samuel Watts. 

1754. 
Oliver Bradbury. 

1755. 
Justice Noyes. 

1756. 
Justice Frost. 
Dea. Westcoat. 
N. Harding. 

1756. 
Mr. Fox. 
Mr. Marstoo. 
Mr. Weeks. 
Justice Stroutt 

1759. 
Brig. Waldo. 
Mr. Minot. 

Mr. Sweetsdr. 

1761. 
Mr. Bramhall. 
Mr. Bangs. 
Mr. Clough. 
Josiah Sawyer. 

1762. 
Father Gooding. 
Mr. Pollow. 

1763. 
Rev. Mr. Loring, 
.V. Yarmouik. 

1764. 
Capt. Minot. 
Mr. Eaton. 
Jacob Stickney. 
Father Skillins. 

1765. 
Henry Wheeler. 
Father Proctor. 
Col. Cushing. 



l*bomas Sawyer. 
Mr. Thrasher. 
Mr. Hope. 

1766. 
Doct. Coffin. 
Mr. Thomest 
Old Deac. Cobb. 

1767. 
Old Jacob Sawyer. 
Joseph PoUowt 
Deac. Cobb. 

1768. 
Mr. Wallis. 
Jabez Bradbury. 
Capt. Ross. 
Deac. Cotton. 

1769. 
Capt. Waite. 
Mr. Anderson. 

1770. 
Col. Waldo. 
Samuel Clark. 
Mr. Marston. 
Mr. Pike. 

1771. 
Capt. Stickney. 

1772. 
Mr. Holt. 
Old xSir. Sftw'y^r. 
Solomon Gooding. 
Mr. Lant. 
Deae. Milk. 
Job Winslow. 

1773. 
Capt. Howell. 
James Milk, jr. 
Mr. Cates. 

1774. 
David Stickney. 
Jer. Tucker. 

1775. 
Capt. Robinson. 
Capt. Moody. 

1776. 
Mr. Westerman. 
Mr. Dawson. 
Mr. Wyer. 
Mr.Riggs. 
Mr. Ficket. 



Mr. 'Trickey* 
Mr. Buckman. 
Old Mr. M'Lellaii. 
Maj. Berry. 
Capt. Haskell. 
Mr. Bayley. 
Mr. Sawyer. 
Old Mr. quimby. 

1777. 
Mr. Motley. 
Mr. Cook. 
Enoch Moody. 
Capt. Noyes. 

177a. 
Loring Cushing. 
Justice Pearson. 

1779. 
Wheeler Riggs. 

1780. 
Capt. Ingersok 

1781. 
Pearson Jones. 
Mr. Bradl«y. 
Capt. Blasdell. 
Capt, tllsley. 
Capt. Gooding. 
Mr. Noyes. 

1782. 
Benj, Proctor. 
Mr. Tucker. 
Mr. Brazier. 
Old Mr. Berry. 
Mr. Marston. 

1783. 
Old Mr. Grave*. 
Capt. Step. Waite.* 

1784. 
Bfig. Preble. 
Anthony Bracket. 
Mr. Greele. 
Mr. Deering. 

1785. 
Mr. Ayers. 
John Bradbury. 
Benj. Haskell. 

1786. 
Mr. Clemens. 

1787. 
Levi Merrill. 



Of the Rev, Mr, SmiUi^ as given by Rev, Elijah KdUgg^ 
in an iJraiion^ pronounced at his interment, May SdfA, 
1795, and soon after ^ printed by the request of a joint com^ 
mittee, of the churches in Portland, 

'< Under that sable shrowd lies one, who had long escaped 
the King of terrors. He stood till all his fellows had fallen 
around bim : he stood like the venerable oak on the bleak hill, 
from whence trees less durable, had long been driven by the 
resistless storms. But now death has brought him down. 
He is holding him a trophy to his accursed banner; he is 
dragging him in triumph at his hateful car, which hath rolled 
off all the preceding generations of mankind ! Surely there is 
no immortality here ; no permanent state for man. 

Leaning pensive on the bier of the deceased, we will indulge 
a little to the recollection of his life. It is a tribute due to his 
services. It is a tribute xlue to bis character. It is due to his 
longevity. As there was no minister below this place in the 
province of Maine, when he was ordained; nor in all the • 
boundaries of the present County,^ he hath been justly styled 
the evangelist of the east. This town was for the most part 
a forest ; the back country a wilderness, infested with hostile 
savages. His expressed diocess embraced an extent of terri- 
tory, which now composes three large towns.* In this cir- 
cuit he labored incessantly ; sometimes by night as well as day ; 
be was a physician both of body and mind f 

When favored with a time of refreshing from the presence 
of the Lord, he preached almost every day in the week. He 
was not without the seals of his ministry. He was sound in 
the faith once delivered to the saints. While living he favor- 
ed me with his discourses. In knowledge of the Scriptures 
and of eminent authors on divinity, he excelled. In judg- 
ment he was not deficient. His imagiaation was lively, and 
his memory tenacious | It is conceded by all who heard 

^Onmberland. 

•Portland, Cape^Elizabetb and Falmovtb. Withio th«ieIUnitfl are atfpreo 
»ent seven christian societies. [Now may be added, the town of Westbrook, 
and several other christian societies.] 

fThe want of a Physician indueed Mr. Smith to turn bis attention to th« 
medical art, in wlaich he became considerably skilful. 

|fllr. Smith's memory, and all his mental faculties, held out surprising^lr. 



156 

bim, that he was an instructive and agreeable preacher. Ht 
was moved himself, therefore his hearers were moved. By 
bis prayers, I acknowledge myself to haye been edified. There 
were in them a richness of expression, a devotion and pathos 
seldom possessed. In his manners there were dimity and 
ease. In conversation he was grave, but not superstitious : 
instructive, affectionate and happy in anecdote. On his 
tongue there dwelt a stctirical edge with which he chastise^ 
and shamed the vicious, when arguments would not convince. 
He well knew how to apply the balm of Gospel promises to 
wounded souls. Being himself a man of sorrows and ac- 
quainted with grief, bis heart was full of sensibility. 

He entered with peculiar tenderness into the afflictions of 
his people, and comforted them with those consolations, which 
he had found under like circumstances. 

He lived happily with his people till the hour of his death, 
during a ministry of more than 68 years. Excepting the two 
last he was enabled to perform some part of divine service. 
Possessing an early fame in his profession, to have exchanged 
the capital^ for this then distant and lonely residence, where 
he knew not but the savage would scalp him in his bed, was 
no small sacrifice !f Like the patriarch of old, he went out 
from his native place, not knowing whither he was going, 
nor what the Lord would do with him. He was employed as 
an instrument tp cause the wilderness to bud aud blossom as 
the rose. 

He hath deserved ivell of the Church, We mean not to sug^ 
gest that he had no failings. He never believed it himself. 
Our hearts are too sincere to indulge the strains of unqualified 
panegyric. ** Far there is not a just man upon earth, who 
doeth good and sinneth not,^^ He who will not forgive, shall 
not be forgiven. He who cannot excuse a fault in others, him- 
self is Qoost faulty. He is not a JmUiant^uu with here and there 
'a mote passing over its face ; but an opake planet under a to- 
tal eclipse. He who hath not brought with him the mantle of 
charity, to cover the failings of the deceased, himself uncov^ 
ers the nakedness of bis own ancestors, and disturbs the ashes 
ofMs dead. 

A life of more than 83 years, how replete with incidents t 
what changes must the possessor have seen ! On the record 
of Harvard's sons, we find his solitary name ; to all around.is 

*Mr. Smith was a native of the town of Boston, descended from honorable 
parents. 

fSeveral persona were shot 'and scalped by the Indians Just in the nelghborf- 
hood of what is now called Portland, 19 years after ^. Smith was setlled. 



151' 

prefixed the signature of death.*' Th'6 wilrferness, where he 
first pitched his teat^ is now the place of vineyards and of 
gardens. Not a soal,^ that first composed his fiock, ts now in 
the land of the livins ! He beheld a wide destructioa in his 
own fainily, which carne in upon him like a breach of waters.-|- 
He lived to see this town respectable in nurhbers and charac- 
ter; adorned with elegant buildings and rising in commerce. 
He saw it also laid in ashes in one day ; himself and hisfiock 
scattered abroad to wander without shelter under inclement 
skies.| He beheld the town gradually rising from its ruins 
to its present state of prosperity. He lived under the reigns of 
four different sovereigns.^ He saw death take one governoi^ 
after another from the head of the province ; judges froni the , 
bench, and the ministers of God from his temple. He beheld 
his countrymen greatly oppressed ; struggling to lyrench 
themselves from the manacles of royal prerogative. Most 
fervently did he pray for their success. 

He was indulged to see his country arriving to liberty, and 
independenee ; the object of the revolution accomplished ; 
the federal government organized, and for several years, as a ; 
citizen, enjoying its blessings. What changes ! What vicis-. 
situdes are here ! 1 ! It suits with the sadness, with the 
morality of the hour to dwell upon them. They conduct us 
through the long tract of lapsed time. We are walking 
among the tombs of our faihers ! It revives the remembrance 
of what they suffered, to prepare for us this fair inheritance. . 

Venerable PUgrim ! . Thy long Journey is happily closed. 
Thy way-worn body hath at length found its rest. Though 
on a bed of earth, its slumbers shall be sweet till awakened by 
Jesus to immortality. 

*Mr. Smitb receired the honors of (he tTniveriity in Cambridge Mken he was 
18. 

fMr. Smith buried two wives and five children ; three (two tons and a dAu^k- 
ter) in the vaidiX of their usefoloess. 

tBy the infamous Moet, in the fall of 1775, as a requital for the kind and polite 
treatment,' which he received from the inhabitants. 

§Qjaeen A»new' Gedrg«I. GeorffelL George III. 



158 
CHARACTER 

Of (he Rev. J^r, Smith, as taken from a discourse, delwerei 
bj^ihe Rev» Samuel Deane, D. D, May 31, 1795, being ike 
horde's day after his funeral, 

^ He was the son of Thomtas Smith, Esq. late merchant 
in Boston, and born in thatcapitol of Massachusetts, on the 
tenth day of March, old style, in the year of our Lord 1702. 
In his early youth, and as he has oft^n said, too early, being 
only 14 years oifage, he was, after a laudable progress in the 
preparatory studies, admitted as a student of Harvard College 
in Cambridge ; where during his four years residence, he $o 
well performed his exercises as to receive approbation. But 
his improvements became more rapid after he had received 
the honors of th^t excellent seat of learning ; as from princi- 
ple, he pursued his studies with increasing industry, while his 
judgment was advancing nearer to maturity. In the vigor of 
youth, though born to good prospects, and with a genius fit 
to have shined in other important professions, he devoted 
himself to the most important, laborious and self-denying 
work of the evangelical ministry, ami applied himself sedu- 
lously to theological studies. 

At his (list exhibitions in the sacred desk, though he was 
not more than twenty-two years of age, his perfotmances, 
both in free prayer and in preaching, were much approved by 
the ablest judges, and his popularity was remarkable. After 
ofliciating with applause in Boston, and different parts of the 
adjacenf country ; and after having had invitations to settle, 
which he declined on account of his youth ; he was induced 
about the year 17S6, to proceed to this place, to act in the 
double capacity of chaplain to the troops stationed here, and 
preacher to the inhabitants of Falmouth, who consisted of no 
more than about forty families, some of which were respecta- 
ble. After more than a year's residence among them,at their 
unanimous call and importunity, he was induced courageously 
to give himself to the ministry here, though this was at that 
time a place greatly exposed to the furious incursions o'f the 
savages of the wilderness. 

On the 8th day of March, in the year 1727, th*? church was 
formed^ consisting of only ten male members,besides the elect 
pastor, of which ten, not one has been living for a considera- 
ble number of years past. On the same day Mr. Smith was 
ordained pastor of the church, it being the first church that 
was gathered to the eastward of Wells ; since which time his 
pastoral relation has continued to the day of his decease^ 
which was sixty eight years, and two months and a half,which 



159 

( 

brought him into the 94th y^ar of his age. He preached in 
his turn tiil the close of the year 1784, and his mental' facul- 
ties since that period have been so little impaired, that until 
within about a year and a half of his decease, he has assisted 
in the work of the sanctuary, with ability and to edification, 
by his public prayers. Not more than one instance is recol- 
le<s^d of a ministry in this country, so lung protracted. This 
servant of God ira memorable, and almost singular instance, 
not only of longevity, but of continued usefulness in bis sacred 
employment, in which he acted with industry and zeal. As a 
star in the east to lead men to Christ, he shpae in the pulpit 
with superior lustre ; and for a long course of years, has been 
considered as the most distinguished preacher in this part of 
the country. 

Though his voice was always feeble, the excellency of his 
elocution, accompanied with a venerable and becoming grav- 
ity, rendered his performances very acceptable. Possessing 
in high degrees the gift and spirit of pvayer,> devotion could 
not but be excited in the breasts of the serious part of his 
audience. In sermons, his composition ivas elegant, and his 
language chaste and correct. Nor was he wanting in anima- 
tion and pathos, in his pertinent addresses to diflerent sorts of 
hearers. He was punctual and frequent in his pastoral visits 
to the sick and afflicted, to whom he was an important and 
able adviser and assistant. His visits were the more higljjy 
prized by the sick, as he was considered as skilful in medicine, 
which he practised gratis among his people, for a number of 
years, in the infancy of the settlement. Watchfulness against 
sectarism,and a steady and,decided friend to the congregatioi^^i 
churches, he was a constant asserter of the doctrine of grace, 
according to the rational scheme of moderate Calvinism. He 
knew how to unite orthodoxy with candor and charity, like 
the late excellent Dr. Isaac Watt3, whose theological writings 
he much approved. 

Constitutionally possessed of exquisite sensibility, be wa!« 
convinced that his task was the more difficult,to govern himself 
accordmg to the strict rules of reason and religion ; but this 
did not deter him from the. undertaking. Blest with a singu- 
lar strength of memory, whiph he retained but with litt'e 
abatement to the last, and with a lively imagination, his con- 
versation was at once instructive and entertaining. His course 
of life was not only regular and useful, but in many respects, 
exemplary and alluring. Perhaps the roost striking traits in 
his religious character were his spirituality in devotion and 
communion with God ; and his most exact and scrupulous 
temperance in all things which, lender God, undoubtedly cou- 
tributed to the long continuance oT a constitution not natu- 
rally strong. His hearers can witness how often be enlivened 



1.60 

tbeir souls with the fegrency of his addjresses to the throne- o. 
grace in public ; how ready he was in private to give a spir- 
itual and heavenly turn to conversation ; and what a faculty 
be bad of doing it with dignity and ease, in a manner tiot apt 
to disgust, but to attract and edify. They have observed bis 
conversation enough to convince them that his mind was 
habitually turned to things of everlasting importance. They 
have seen how constant and well directed, his endeavors have 
been to promote the interest of religion ; and how great apd 
laudable his concern for the welfare of immortal souls. 

Considering the celebrity of his public discourses, it is rather 
strange that his publications have been so few. 

We know of none, besides a sermon delivered at the ordi' 
nation of the Rev. Solomon Lombard, at Gor|ian)» apd 
another preached to the sea-faring men of his own parish. , 

In the varying scenes of life,and in so long a course ofyeafs, 
it is no wonder that his afflictions have been great and mani- 
fold. He has not only paid the usual tax upon long.Ufe, beipg 
bereaved of most of his family and dear connections by death ; 
but seen this flourishing settlement, his own house among the 
rest, a prey to devouring flames, kindled by a merciless foie. 
All which, besides many other trying providences, he has 
borne with most remarl^able fortitude and resignation. In 
addition to his other aualilfications of a christian bishop, pe 
was given to hospUal%ty. In his better days, his ho^se hj» 
been the noted resort ot foreigners, and strangers froln diffe.r- 
'ent parts of this country, ai^d of bis clerical .orethi en, j^beje 
they were generously e.ntertained. Kf e knew what" it ,W48 to 
devise liberal things, and feel for the unhappy. .Ever chsji- 
table and tencfer hearted, his lenity towards .debtors, and relin- 
quishtoieht of just debts and cl'aipis have been, siich as pniji^t 
Only be expected ifrom one whio placed, hij^trust.jh. the ({afepf 
' Divine ^iPrbvidence, and did not consider his treasure, as. lyiipg 
on this^ side of heaven. In imitation of St. Paul, he .often 
sacri^ced his right for .the (urtheraqqe of the gospel. 7be 
^reality of his patriotism, is beyond dispute. 
' 'In the 'late war, which our unnatural enefnies made upon 
us, he deeply cQminisserated the case of his oppressed and 
bleeding cobntry; and fno$t affectionate apd persexeiring 
were his supplications to heaven, for her deliverance. 

In the last week of his life, he informed me ^ that in his 
early youth, he had solemnly dedicated .hinisejf to the service 
6f God, and particularly before his ordination ; and that 
through the coiirse of his life, be had been woi)t ro.hold splemn 
days of fasting and secret devption." He added " that he had 
often experienced the greatest comfort in these seasons of 
extraordinary communion with God ; s^nd often wished l^e 

could have contiriued in such frames, as when in the mount 

♦ . ■ f ' . • ..." 



161 

wHh God. But he had never experienced such ineffable joys 
of assurance, as some christians are said lo have enjoyed.*' 

Siace I have been much acquainted with the state of his 
mind, which is several years, the thought of approaching dis- 
solution, appeared to be uncomfortable and dismal to him. 
And it seems that the thought of this great change wa$ seldom 
fibsent from his mind. But as death drew near, his fear of it 
was apparently abated. He improved, in many of the chris- 
tian graces. He was more and nior« constant and affectionate 
in prayer. Lamenting his imperfections, and renouncing all 
seif-dependence, bis hope was placed on the mercy of God, 
through the merits of the Redeemer. 

He seemed towards the last to have almost, or quite eoh-> 
quered all fear of the last enemy. For he said in my hearing, 
more than once, *' I long to be in the arms of my dear Re- 
deemer." And once he uttered these expressions, *^ I do not 
wish to continue here, I can.do nothing but trouble my friends.^* 
Without much apparent disease, his nature was exhausted hf 
a gradual decay. He had apparently no pangs in his death ; 
but calmly fell asleep, as we trust, in Jesus. Such was oujr 
venerable friend, and such his exit. 

[Before I obtained a copy of the sermon from which the 
above character is extracted, I had completed the foregoing 
work. Upon reading it, I could not but remark how well it 
agreed with tjie journals, andth^ observations I have made.] 



Iconclude this pari of the work^mih thefollomngpar^ 
tkuiars respecting the Fir9t i^aiishin jFml mouth. 

It appears by the records cf the first Parisb in Fsflmoiitb, 
that the first meeting of the -inbabitaiits was hoTden at the 
'weetiiig-hoiise, on the 1 8th Fehruarj, 1 382-^. It was warn- 
•4Bd by Roger Deering, Esq. Justice of the Peaoe, iim'ihe 
application of Moses Pearson, Joshua lilfoody/Stephen^xteet^ 
^af, Hearj Wheeler, WilliaMPote, ajid Moses C(eald9ibr 
the (purpose of cboosfinig pMrisfa efteers^and^o see if the|nrish 
vould ^ erect and build a garrison round the Rev. Mr. Stnith's 
. house, and any house in said parish, proper for defenoe." 
On 4^b 15 they voted ki ihe -negavtiiye. On the other ««iaiieps, 
they chose Moses Pearson, Oei^ ; CTohn l!ast, Hertry Whec- 
lajFj and MoaesPeaxson, Parish Committee. 

Attracts from ihe Journals tfthie Hme. 

March 5, 1735 — 6. Voted, that the people of Ncw-Casco, 
have £25 allowed them to pay a minister, kc. 

January 11, 1738. Voted them £28 for the samej)urpofe. 

July 17, 1740. Voted, that the meeting-house on the neck, 
calledthe society meeting-house, [being built by certain pro- 
prietors] be a parish-house forever, [on certain conditions, 
which the proprietors agreed to.] 

March 7, 1742. Voted not to grant the request of a num- 
ber of the inhabitants of New-JDasco, to be released from 
paying rates to the Rev. Mr. Smith, the ensuing year. 

Jiugust 26, 1745. Voted, that Justice Noyes, Mr. Freeman 
and Mr. Mills, be a committee to enquire why the new meet- 
ing-house is not finished. 

March 12, 1749 — 50. Stephen Longfellow, Esq. was 6rst 
•hosen Parish Clerk, and it appears, was successively appoint- 
ed to that office untilthe year 1773, when Theophilus Brad- 
bury, Esq. was appointed, who was continued in that office 
till 1799, when Mr. Joseph Noyes was chosen. In 1781, 
John Frothingham, Esq. was chosen. He was repeatedly 
chosen till 1815, when he declined serving, and Ebeneser 
Mayo, Esq. was chosen in his stead. He was continued till 
1819, when George Bradbury, Esq. was chosen, who was re- 
appointed in W20, and also for the present year 1821. 



us 

• ^«r<ft^^, tYSO. -Four uroti -were ^ppbkit^d « to tabe care 
^Hiat the l>oys" were '^'goHty or'nomiBdeflaKyttior 'flttbe n^^t- 
ii^-'lrause-on the Sabbath. '' 

Mtnf 8, V7^. ¥'oted, fhatthe inbKbifants on itieeastwEfd 
'6r«Prtt9<ii9psedt ^rirer^tai^ iheir patish tax rttmittedto fAtetii 
the present year. 

A iHke^oie <Wiir pas^ in 1 7^8, attd so tong us Itvey hired a 
>«ninisterrto praatih for them. 

March 20, 1753. On ^e petition «f ^imfn CrOokin, tfnd 
^otheM, voted tb^v^mre'bt «iti altemtion ihede'hi the^FMeting- 
^ou^e by tnovfug eadh e«d 'asfnr aslbe^^Ie^ie»,rwe!ve feSt, 
so as to make t«remy«)ght ti^ff 'pfe#^ 'below, «t)d focrr^boy^, 
>whh a ^rtiper sdditidnal ^number laf windert^ e^e^^h fo a 
plan exhibited. ^dev^tinl'cMmr'voies ^se»edtocwry ifhiisititb 
•effect. 

^Mvmbar'SS, X799, The inhartiiitantsx>f NJew<;a»ce,hwvftig 

petitioned the Generafl 'Gonit, to be<^6t Off as a^efp^i^e fyar- 

-iBh, smd Ch^ parish having beien noti&ed thereof, voted tinani- 

^mooily to conserit ^en»ito« atidthatastminy oth^s^ivii^ oh 

the west side of PresHmpscot, as should find it conv^niehft, 

flight have liberty to join Ihtem. 

J^arch 10, 1766, Voted, that i£fi5 %« raised to pnrcfhMb 
Tate and Brady's Psaltn Books, with the tunes ^annexed. 
(They cost abcrve £50.] 

JuTie 12, 1758. Voted "that there should be a %tell provided 
for the pari«rh. 

iM»refcl4,1759. Voted that there be a steeple built to thh 
meeting house. 

Oa the petition of Samuel Waldo and others, voted that 
there should be a new parish taken partly out of the first and 
partly out of the second parish of this town. [Here the bounds 
of it are described, and it was afterwards called the fourth 
parish.] 

•August 17. At a meeting called to see if the parish would 
build a number of pews between the pulpit and each side the 
gallery, the article was dismissed. 

July 17, 1764. Voted that the parish concur with the church 
in theii' choice of Mr. Samuel Deane, to be settled as a col- 
league pastor, with the Rev. Mr. Thomas Smith. 

March 27, 1765. Voted, that the article << to see whether 
the parish will excuse the people who belong to the chnrch of 
Bngland from paying towards the settlement and salary of the 
Rev. Mr. Deane," be dismissed. 

[Their taxes afterwards were remitted until 177S, when 
they were omitted to be taxed.] 

January 23, 1786. Voted to petition the General Court 
for leave to sell the parsonage lands in order to raise a fund 
for the support of the ministry, and to tax the pews ooiil suc^ 
fund be raised. 



ie4 

•Ausnui 26, 1787. A subscription haYing been set oii foot 
for taking dowi^tbe meeting-house and building a new one ; 
the parish voted that they would consent thereto, provided a 
sufficient number of subscribers could be obtained to build the 
same, and would compensate the owners of the pews in the 
old house. [It remains yet, firm and good.] 

September 12 On the applicatioii of Joseph M'LeUan and 
others, voted, that they, with such others as should see fit to 
join them, be set off from this parish. 

January 22, 1788. Tlie parish appointed an agent to reply 
to their petition to the General Court for that purpose, and 
instructed him to oppose an unconditional separation. 

Jiugfui 15, 180S. The parish took measures for building 
a number of pews in the front of the galleries. 

Augtisi l^, ISO&. The parish appointed a committee to 
procure some suitable person to preach on probation as a can- 
didate for a colleague with Doct. Deane. 

^pril 10, 1807. The parish annulled this vote and author- 
ized the parish committee to procure an assistant to Doct^ 
Deane. 

^pril 14, 1808. The parish renew their vote to obtain a 
colleague for Doct. Deane. 

October 17,1808. Voted, that the parish do not concur 
with the church in their call of MrJohu Codman,as colleague 
pastor with the Rev. Doct. Deane. 

February 27, 1809. Voted to concur with the church in the 
choice of Mr. Nichols, as colleague Pastor withthe Rev. Doct. 
Deane. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS, 



1:1. Preface, -«-..-- 

'£. family Record, ------ 

',3. Eictracts, &c. - « - . - 

^o some particularinatters mentioned in thesRsU«fi(9. 



7 
9 



'A. 

•Alarm (at Bostoi^) - 72 

. Afreeffient, non- im. rescinded, ,• 96 

. Army at Cambridge, .102 

AraoldV Plot, 118 

B. 

3r«ddock'8 defeat, 6S 

^yhg, Admiral 66 

fBernardf Gov. . 94 

JBrooks dismissed, 93 

I^oston shut Hp, 99 

' ■ ' ' Bombarded, t04 

, Rattle of LexioatoD, tOl 

-: Banker ffin, 103 

, with Howe, '107 

S— - at Monmottth. 108 

argoyne^g armx. taken, 107 
Baggaduce, 114, See Penobscot, 

4)mu&']iiitti8tiQr chaogedj illB 

^Claballers, IB 

;^onventioii of mipl^rs at ^^st. 34 
riClark, Rer.'af t?. BUwlietli, ~ 
.panada, 
.{bounty divided, 
■Chwries, 
.'Oi^wn Point, 
Cas^e delivered up* 
Cotton, John 

Church, Episcopal raided, 
Confusion, 
•Count De Estan|^, 
Counsellors negatived, 
Congress |[first) met, 
Oharlestown bunit. 
Cornwallis sorrewdercd, 
•Constitution, taew 
Cottrtt^ouse raised, 

D. 

Death of eight ministers, 48 

Disastrous Events, 52 

Distressing times, 44, 45, 46, 54, 100 

Deacons, 57 

Dunlap, dismissed, 77 

Drought, distressing, ^8, 80 

DissenUiry, 109 

pepreciuaon of money, 1 10, ill 

Dark day. 1^ 



/6I.to:66 

74 
-,76 
-,68 

73 
.30 

93 
122 
lb. 
112 

94 
100 
103 
115 
113 
120 



??, 



90, 



114, 



E. 

^Earthquakes, 18,-^, 86,-68,'*64,:^, 
^ 88,94,130 

F. 

J Falmouth settled, 
burnt. 



404 

T.75 

l8l 
94, lQ3,.J«£^.lp6, 



: Freshets, 

iFarailies number of 
.'Frolic to Rings, 
Flat and Ml.ean, 
. Fires in Boston, 
.'.Fire in the woods, 
'Jleets and troops. 

>French convoy arrived, 114 

•TortatStony Point takes, ' ;t:l9 
Fairfield boml, ./tl3 

G. 

'Oorham Conncil, :j69 

General Court dissolved, 
'Gates takes Burguoyne's a^f, 

'Gooding flonvicted of munkr, 

,|Gage, Governor 

-Groton burnt, 

^^Gazette first printed here, 

,HoIlis, a benefactor tp H« Qol* .21 
-Harbour frozen, ^ i55,'149, 115 

Houses, 74, 119 to 122 

JieaKhy times, .e^<f 1, i«l8 

.Harvard Oolicge burnt, i85 

Home, 106,. 107, 108, U4 

Hard times, 122 

4iiirricane, fl2, leejalso^iage >B4 



Hooper, 



h 



Indians, 
Independence, 
Insurrection, 
Inoculation, 

K. 

,King Georges* death, 
Kellogg came here, 

L. 

Lisbon destroyed, 
Lombard, Rev. Mr. 

dismissed, 



«6 

10to«4 

106, 116 

122 

56, 85, 108 

^8 
123 

£4 



IlfDEX# 



LciineUm Battle, 

M. 

Meeting Hoom, 
MooM killed in tows, 

fiurr•7, Parson 
obs at Bofttoa, 
—— here and other places, 



101 



73 

in 

S6, 87 

36, 88, 92 

88, 93, 

lis, 131 

95 

103, 103, 104 



Kcre in Beaton, 
Mowat, 

N. 

New Style, 

New Casco set oO^ 

Nia^^ara, 

New York Leg^istatore restmincd, 

Nerwalk burnt, 

New London barnt, 

New Haven plandered, 

ORDINATIONS. 

Allen, 

Brooks, 

Cooper, 

Eaton, 

Fexcrofl, 

Fairfield, 

Oilman, 

Hemmenway, 

Jeffries, 

Jewet, 

lieavi^ 

Lombard, 

Mr. Olanatbaa, 

Moody, 

Miller, 

Morse, 

Na«V 
Smith, T. 
Smith, P. 
Thacher, 
Xnwnsend, 



o. 



Wiswell, 

Winthrop, 

Williams, 

Ozaard, Edward, 



66 
58 

73 

92 

112 

118 

112 

24 
86 
42 
87 
87 
82 
84 
73 
18 

118 
41 
64 
S» 
86 
82 
61 

103 
18 
82 
92 
79 
86 
67 
88 

ap 

102 



Parpoodock convulsed, 
Peace with ladians, 
— with Eni^iand, 
treaties, 



00 to 63 & 75 

49, 81, 84 

117, 118, see 



50, 53 
77 
105 
112 
118 
121 



111, 



Paper currency called in. 
Psalm books. 
Plot discovered, 
Penobscot expedition. 
Plague in PhilttUelphla, 
Portland, a new town, 

Quakers, 81, 85, 53, 66, 115, 122 

Quebec surrendered, ' 74 

■ seige raised, 76 

R. 

ReTivals in religion, 35, 42 

BebelHon in Scotland. 42, 43 

Becords last, n 



Boss* garret floof fell, f5 

Ribhmond, tch. master, 79 

Relief from scarcity, see scarcity. 
Reveoue act repealed, 95 

Revolutienari War, 99 to 117 

S. 

SIOKNESS, 77, 79 

Throat distemper, S6, 28, 31, B6 

Quincy, SO, 49 

Ferer, 84, 41, 64, 6< 

Small Pox, 55, 56 

Epidemical, 24, 28 

Pleuriiiy, 27 

Cough, 72 

Measles. 73, 96, 117, 118 

Whooping cough, 12L, 128 

Peri pneumonic, 105 

Scarcity of bread, kc. 26, 27, 28, 82, 
48, 67, 83, 97, 100 to 111 

Success in the war, 47 
Storms, 32, 44, 90, 96, HO 

Ismail Pox at Boston, 55, 56, 85 

at Falmouth, 68, 78, 108 

Snow, deep 67, 70, 97, US 

.Scalps, 67 

Steeple raised, 77, 79 

Shirlev, Got. died, 96 

Strottdwater set off 85 

Stamp office destroyed, 88 

*— — act repealed, 90 

Savage mobbed, 96 

Senegal man ot' war, 103 

Shattuck and others, 121 

Shays* insurrection, 122 

Separatists, 12S 

T. 

Treaties with Indians, 14, 29, 51, 56 

59 see peace. 

Ttconderoga, 73, Uken, 107 

Tyng appointed Sheriff; 93 

his schooner seised, 96 

Tate, Mrs. shot, " 85 

Tate, guilty of murder, 97 

Thompson, Ook 108 

Tempests, 97, 119 

Tumult, 102 

Troops arrive at Boston, 94, 103 

sail for Halifax, 101 

— — — defeated, 106 

Tender act repealed, 113 

Thatcher dismissed, 114 

u. 

Uproars, 51, 78, 79^ 86 

w. 

War with France, 86 to 82 

revolutionary, 99 to 117 

Washington bom, 91 

• ■ coops up flow, 106 

pursues theBrit. army, 168 

Whitefield, 87 to 39, 81 

death of 85 

Winter mild, . 54 

■ severe, 81 

Wiswal distracted 81 

See 82, 84, 86 



CONTENTS. 

4. Varied circumstances of our globe and its inhabitants. 

5. Names of persons deceased whose deaths are noticed in 
the foregoing Extracts. ' 

6. Character of Mr. Smith, as given by Rev. Elijah Kel- 
log. 

7. Character of Mr. Smith as given by the Rev. Dr. Sam^ 
uel Dean. 

8« Of the first parish in Falmouth. 



»0TE. 

In paf e 47, the last line but one, for purpose read suppose. 
Page 67, line 17, for ity read the Joumau 



/ 



AS 



i^mmmssL 



TO THE 



"EXTRACTS FROM THE JOURNALS 



KEPT BT THE 



. THOMAS SMITH, 



LATE PASTOR OF THE FIRST CHURCH OF CHRIST 

IN FALMOUT^BNT THE COUNTY OF 

YORK, (NOW CUMBERLAND.") 



CONTAININQ 

A VARIETY OF MATTERS, 

COLLECTED 



BY SAMUEL FREEMAN, ESQ. 



PORTLAJ^D ; 

PRINTED BT ▲. SHIBLET, 
1831. 



IT wad not contemplated when I m^de the extracts from Mr. 
Smith's Journals, to collect any other matters ; but considering 
it would gi^e an additional interest to the work, I hare thought 
it proper to collect some things, which, though they have been 
already published, are in but few hands-^and some others, not 
before published, which I thought would be useful and enter- 
taining, and which would probably ne^er be otherwise present- 
ted to the public Tiew. Among^ the former is an account of the 
Indian Wars, so far as they related to Falmouth, or Casco Bay, 
and the yicinity, and were anterior to the war events mentioned 
in the Journals. Among the latter, are, extracts of letters — 
proceedings of the town of Falmouth— accounts of religious and 
charitable societies, &c. which it is needless to enumerate here. 
They will be seen in the following pages, and a list of them 
(with an Index to shew their places) given at the end of the 

book. 

S. F. 
July, 182L 



APPENDIX. 

FALMOUTH. 

THE town of Falmouth, formerly called Casco Bay, orig^in- 
ally embraced the present towns of Fahnouth, Cape Elizabeth, 
Portland and Westbrook. It began to be settled at an early 
period. It is noticed in Governor Hutchinson's history of Mas- 
sachusetts (as will be seen in a subsequent page) as early as the 
year 1645. The settlement of it therefore commenced before 
that year.—* Mn Hubbard, in his narrative of the Indian Wars, 
from 1607 to 1677, speaking of Casco Bay, says, '* Qn the south 
Bide of it is a small village, called Fahnouth ; all or most of it, 
lately destroyed by the Indians." 

The following account of it is transcribed from Sulliyan*a 
History of Maine :— 

" Casco Bat," says he, *' or what is now called Falmouth 
and Portland, was taken up very early, by traders and fisher- 
inen, who did not expect to make permanent settlements, but 
who sold their privileges, or rights of preoccupancy, from one 
to another, as suited their convenience. 

** In the year 1643, Sir Alexander Rigby sent Creorge Cleavea 
over, as governor of the plough-patent, or province of Ligonia** 
This tract had not been under any reg^ar government. The 
patent on Kennebeck did not extend to it ; the patents on Saco 
river, were within the bounds of it ; and those, together with 
Camock's patent in Scarborough, were much in the way of Rig- 
by's charter. The Massachusetts took advantage of these con- 
troversies, and extended their claim so as to comprehend Cas- 
co Bay, or a great part of it When Cleaves set hfs commission 
on foot, he was opposed by Vin^, who held the patent on the 
west side of Saco river, granted to him and Oldham in the year 
16S9. Cleaves, as agent to Rigby, made a deed to Michael Mit- 
ten, in the year 1643, of two .thousand acres of the land which is 

*Note. ^ The province of Ligonia extendecUooth of the rhrer SagadJiock 
(now Saco riveO i. r»froai the west of Cape Porpas to the east, of Cape Sllza- 
htthf \o mllei— and 40 miles back from the aea* 

b2 



6 

sow in Portland. George Mountjoy had^ ^rant from Gorges, 
of lands in or near the same place. The title under the deed to 
Mitten has been preserved from the wreck of Rigby's patent. 
Rigby granted to George Cleayes, in tiie year 1650, one thous- 
and acres in Casco, but that grant has become obsolete. 

*' T^e contentions continued until the restoration, after which 
nothing was said respecting Rigby's patent ; and when the 
Province of Maine became the property <^ the Massachusetts 
Colony, an end was put for some time to all* other claims. Some 
time between the year 1680 and 1690, President Danf<»th, ^>^* 
der the authority of the col<»yy made a deed to Anthony Brack- 
et, and seven othersi^ of land in the town of Falmouth, in trust. 
The Indians had renewed their depredaticms, at that time,-& the 
war continued until the year 1699, when the town was entire- 
ly broken up. The inhabitants began to return agam, about the 
year 1708 ; but the claims were not settled until the year 1718, 
at which date a book of claims was opened in the Secretary's 
office, to register the claims. It was then found that there hadb 
been such a variety of titles, as rendered it necessary to g^ve 
more weight to actual possession, than to ancient conveyances. 
This again called up the possessions under grants fi'om all the 
old patentees, and origfinated a controversy between old and 
new proprietors, which has never yet been settled. The toWn 
was incorporated in the year 1718% and those who call them- 
selves the new proprietors, had the management imdet the title 

*The following is a copy of tb« act.* 

M a gitMC and general; court or assembly of hli iiia>eit7's pro^iiiee of the 
M^.^acbuaetM bay, ia New England, held October 29, 1718. 

The report of Jphu Wheelwright, Esq. &c. appointed by an order of this 
coort, passed at the session begun and held the 2^b of May Iast» to be a Com- 
o>ttCee for regulating the s«>ttl€meiit of Faimeath, in Gas^o Bsky» is ak foliows^ 
via: 

Pursuant to a vote of the great and general .asceiiU>Iy of his ii|aj«aty's pror- 
incc of the Massachusetts bay, in New England, held at Boston, May, 11715, 
empowering and appointing the subscribers to be a committee to prosecute the 
regular settlement of the eastern frontiers, and in answer to the petition of the 
proprietora and settlers of the town of Palflioath, m Casco bay, in thft year 
1717 and i7i8r who have ma& application to us the said committee, according 
to the direction of the general court. We h^ve , upon the 1 6th day of i bis present 



and authority of JVtassacfiusetts. There was no distinctioii be* 
tipireen town meeting and proprietors' meetlng^s, prior to thcT 
year 1730, but settlers were admitted as proprietors, on paying* 
a certain sum of money ; ahd tixus the heirs and assigns of the 

month of Jaly« taken a view of the said town of Falmouth, znd upon mature de* 
Itberatioti and consideration, we' ofler iHe report to this honorable court, as 
follows, viz. 

The dividing bottmU between Scarborough and •! almouth, we fiiid to be the 
line from the first dividing branch of Spurwiok river, from thence to nm into 
the country eight miles north west,' and from the said branch as the river nms 
into the sea, and the easterly bonr.da' of Falmouth to extend to certain islands* 
known by the name of the Clabboard islands, from a red oak tree upon the 
Maine, over against said islands, marlced F. on the south side, and so southeast 
over a white rock, into the sea, and ttom said tree eight miles into the coun- 
try ; aad according to the. best of oar jtidf^eatt we llave determined the spot 
whereon the ancient town of Falmouth stood, and a fort was formerly built by 
order of the govenuseot, and where there are already settled abcnre twent^r 
fiimilics, in a compact and defensible manner, to be a very agreeadble jrfacc for 
the settlement of a town* being bordering on a fine navigable river, guarded 
from the sea by adjacent islands, most commodious for the fishery, and is ac^ 
commodated with several large screams for mills, aai well as a large quanfitjr 
of good land, for the encouragement of husbandry: and we are of opiaion there 
is a fair prospect of its being in a little time a flourishing town i and in order 
to the enabling them to a methodical proceeding in their ;)ffairs. we are of opin* 
ion that it is absolotdly nt»cessary that they be invested with power to act as a 
town as soon as may be wiikconveniency* We have also left our advice with 
them, with respect to the laying out their|streets and highways, as also for 
the placing tl&ir meeting liouse, after the most omimodions manner, for the 
benefit of the town in generaT. 

Signed* John Wheelwright, Abrahao^Pi«bIe, John teighton^ Lewis Bane, Jl»^ 
seph Hill* 

In the house 0f reprgsfntativest Kov* ii/A, i7i8« 
Read, and ordered that the report on the other side be accepted, and that the 
bounds of the town of Falmouth be continued, confirmed and ratified, as In the 
said- report is set forth, and that the inlud>itants of the said town that now 
are, and hereafter shall be, from time to time invested with the same powers 
and authorities to act, manage, direct and order the affairs of the said town- 
ship as other towns are. Providffd.thzt this order shall in no measure prejudice 
andinfViBge any fust right or title that any persons have to laads' there, and 
that fifty f.4miltes, at the leasts more tliaii now are, be admitted as soon as may 
be, and settled in the most compact and defensible manner that the land will 
allow of. 

In Councif, read ahd coAcurrecU 

Conseiitedto, 8AM'LSHVTC»' 

Copy examined 

Per J.WILLARD, Secretary* 



8 

ancient settlers and g^rantees of Goi^^es and Big^liy, were gener- 
ally excluded, unless when by an ancient and continued posses- 
sion, they supported their claims. 

^ The records, if there were any, befqre the 3rear 1692, were 
not preaenred, although there was no other town which was 
then broken up, where the records were not saved ; but there 
was no other place where the desolation was so complete, as it 
was in the town of Falmouth, It will appear that the records of 
the towns on the west of Falmouth, were preserved, as well aft 
those of the town of North Tarmonth." 



CAPE EUZABETH. 

^ The town of Cape Elizabeth, before the AmeiicaA revolu- 
tion, joined with Falmouth in the choice of a representative, but 
in all other respects was a separate corporation. * * * There 
is an Island on the south side of Cape Elizabeth, called Rich- 
mond's Island, formerly called Richman's Island. This Island, 
with the land adjacent, and that in all Casco, was granted by 
Rigby, before the year 1646, to Robert Trelawny, who estab- 
lished a fishery on the Island, and sent one John Winter over as 
his agent, to conduct the business. Rigby sent one Richard 
Gibson to his province, as an Episcopalian clergyman : he wan- 
dered away to Piscataqua, and finally became a preacher to 
fishermen at the Isle of Shoals. Soon after this, Robert Jordan, 
and another Episcopalian cleigyman, came over, under the en- 
couragement of Trelawney : he married John Winter's daugh- 
ter, and in him all of the name of Jordan in the country are to 
acknowledge an ancestor. 

'**' Winter died in the year 1646, and Jordan administered on 
his estate, and in the year 1648, obtained an order of the court, 
under Rigby's government, to sequester the whole of Trelawney 's 
estate, for a debt due to Winter for services. A large tract of 
land is now held by the posterity of Robert Jordan, under that 
order of court, and within the town of Cape Elizabeth; but 
there are so many clashing tities, under Goi^es, Rigby, the In- 



9 

dians, and others in the. town of Fahnqn& and hi CapO'SIizaliotlkt 
that the greater part of the land has heen lost to Jordan's heirs^ 
who never seemed to contend for their right until it hecame 
too late to reclaim it. * * * When the country was cut oflf 
by the savages, in 169S,<that town became desolate ; but the 
settlement again revived in 17 10. The government was settled 
over it, with the other parts of Casco Bay, in the year 1718. 

*' Some people have supposed that Trelawney. ha^ a piatent 
from the council of Plymouth ; but this I believe to be a mistake. 
His title was under Rigby's patent, which was originally gran- 
ted to Dy and others. But these patents were all treated with 
neglect, or contempt, during and after the civil wars between 
Charles and the parliament : and nearly all the lands in Cape 
Elizabeth were taken up anew, under President Danfbrth's ad- 
ministration of the Massachusetts government, in that part of 
thecountiy. "^ 

" There has been no recent calamities by the Indian wars in 
iCape Elizabeth. In the reign of Queen Anne, there was an 
attack of the savages on tlie people of Purpoodock, or Spring- 
Point. The wife of Josiah Wallis was killed, and two children 
taken from her. The wife of Benjamin Wallis was killed ; the 
wife of Joseph Wallis, Thomas Leavit, and one Medford, with 
their families, were carried into captivity. Josiah Wallis fled to 
Scarborough, and carried his son John, then a boy, on his back^ 
and saved him from the savages." Thus far Sullivan. 

The following is taken from the Church Book of Records, in the 
handwriting of the Rev. Mr. SMrrn : 

" Anno 1716, one Ingersol built an hut on Falmouth Neck, 
where he lived alone some time^ and was thence called Gover- 
nor Ingersol — He was afterwards drowned at Presumpscotwith 
one Millet by the damming of the ice — raising an head of water 
in the night while they were asleep. New-Casco fort being de- 
molished by order of government a few months after this, viz. 
.1717, Major Moody who had been the commanding officer, with 
Capt. Larabee who had been a serjeant, moved their families 
down to the Neck^ and boilt them houses. About this time 1 7 15^ 



10 

Mr. ffldOin vai Bracket atHHed on theif father's old ^fitmis at 
Back-Core. Now came also Capt Coller and built a house, as 
did one Proctor, Doughty, Rounds, lifiUs^ Hall, two Scales's 
(brothers) father Thomes, Wass, (twelve in all) and John Bar- 
ber and father Gustian (who died June 1716.) 

Samuel Cobb came here in 1717, when there was only one 
house on ^urpoodock side of the water, just built and inhabited by 
one Doct, Winslow. In 1718, said Cobb moved his family to 
Falmouth Neck when there were 14 families there (including 
his.) This year Falmouth was anew incorporated a township by 
the General Court, and the tract of Land granted to some of the 
ancient proprietors, together with others who signed with them 
in a petition for it« 

N. B. The General Court was igswant of its being fonnerly 
granted to the old settlers who were broken up and driven away 
when the town and fort were destroyed by the French and In- 
dians, and hence ensued infinite confusion and quarreb be? 
tween these new and old proprietors— -the former not allowing 
the latter any title nor those others that had purchased farms of 
Sir Ferdinando Goi^ifes' agent, till all was settled in a course qf 
law. 

Anno 172J2,|ntlie latter end of July a war br^keout with the 
JEndians, which continued 3 years, and kept back the growth of 
the settlement. 

In the year 1725, in June (the war ending the summer) I 
[Thomas Smith] came here and found one Mr. Peirpoint (who 
was Chaplain to the army, whose head quarters were on this 
Neck) preaching to the people. There was then 45 families in 
the whole town, viz, 27 upon the Neck, 1 at New-^Casco, and 17 
at Parpoodock and Spirwink, most of them po<»', and some of 
thenf miserably so. They had 4 or S years before erected a 
meeting-house, which they had only covered, and the floor of it 
contained the people, with the fishermen and soldters and other 
strangers, that used to frequent the place much. The people of 
Purpoodock had also a log house on the Point, which Ihey buiU 
partly for a Garrison to the families on the Point, and partly for 



u 



meeting houses in which the whole toipn assemhled eveiy thiid 
Sabhatb. 

March 8, 17S6-7, a Church was gathered and I (Tlioiiias 
Smith ) 4 g.as^rfaiiied Pastor. 

At the first meeting of the inhabitants, under the Act of In- 
corporation in 1718, the following town officers were chosen, 
riz, Joshua Moody, Clerk — Samuel Moody, TrB<i««ner^— John 
Wass, William Scsdes, Dominiciis Jordan, John Pritcfaand and 
Benjamin l^ijiins, Sekctm^i^ 

To show who wese ooasidered by the inbstbitaBtS'aS'^he most 
suitable persons to manage their town affairs^ from that period 
to the time when the town of Portland was set off— I think it 
proper to present a list of their names, and the offices to winch 
they were respeotively appointed^ as follows, fiz : 



from 

1719 
1720 
1723 
1726 
1727 
1730 
1731 
1733 



from 

1719 
1721 
1722 
1728 
1730 
1731 
1733 
1735 
1*736 
1737 
1738 
1739 
1740 
1743 



to 

1720 
1722 
1725 

1729 

1732 



TOWN 



Joshua Moody.. 
Samnel Cobb. 
Joshua Moody. 
Peter Walton. 
Samuel Cobb. 
Moses Pearson. 
Samuel Moody. 
Moses Pearson. 



CLERKS, && 

from to 

1734 1743 
1744 

l745 17.46 
1747 1749 
1750 1772 
1773 1780 
1780 1786 



Samuel Moody. 
Joshua Moody. 
Samuel Moody. 
Moses Pearson. 
St'n. Longfellow. 
Nath'l G. Moody. 
Jno Frothingfaam. 



TOWN TREASURERa 



to 
17«0 

1727 
1729 



1732 
1734 



1742 



Samuel Moody. 
Samuel Cobb, 
Samuel Moody. 
Benj. Ingersol. 
John East 
Joshua Mbody. 
Henry Wheeler. 
Moses Pearson. 
Th's. Westbrook. 
James Oooding. 
Th« Selectmen. 
Joseph Noyes. 
Ezekiei Cu^ng. 
John Waile. 



from 

1744 
1745 
1746 
1755 
1756 
1761 
1766 
1768 
1773 
1774 
1775 
1776 
1786 



to 



1154 

1760 
1765 
1767 
1772 



1785 



Joshua Moody. 
John Waite. 
Enoch Freeman. 
John Waite. 
James Mills. 
Benj. Waite. 
Ephraini Jones. 
James Milk. 
Ephraim Jones? 
Stephen Waite. 
Smith Cobb. 
John Waite. 
Enoch Dsley. 



12 



SELECTMfiN. 

!N'ote. In this List the names are placed in t3be order of tiJne 
in which fhey were first appointed. The figures at the right 
hand shew how many years each one served during the whole 
period, viz: From 1718 to 1786. The persons against whose 
name no figure is annexed served but one year each. 

1718 



John Wass, 
William Scales, 
Dominicus Jordan, 
John Pritchard, 
Benjamin Skillins, 
Samuel Moody, 
Benjamin Larrabee, 
Kichard CoUer, 
John Sawyer, 
Matthew Scales, - 
Daniel Ingersol, 
William Roberts, 
Samuel Buckman, 
James Armstrongs 
Benjamin Yotk, 
Samuel 'Cobb, 
Benjamin Ingersol, 
John Brown, 
John East, 
John Perry, 
Joshua Woodbury, 

1731 
Thomas HaskiU, 
Moses Pearson, 
John Coy, 
John Tyng, 
Henry Wheeler, 
Edmund Mountfi>rdU 
James Buxton, 
James Brickie, 
Robert Thomdike, 
Joseph Cobb, 
Gowen Wilson, 
Joshua Moody, 
James Grooding, 
Thomas Westbrook, 
James Noble, 
Joseph Thompson^ 
Nathaniel NoyeSy 
John Waite, 



5 
2 
4 
7 



5 
2 
2 



4 
4 
3 



2 

2 

II 

.2 
2 
6 
4 



Charles Frbst, 2 

Joseph Noyes, 4 
Robert Mitchell, 

Ezekiel Cushing, 9 

James Merrill, 4 
•Phineas Jones, 

Jeremiah Ri^^^s, 3 

James Milk, 16 

Christopher Strout, 8 

1744 

Enoch Freeman, 3 
John Merrill, 

John Robinson, 5 

Stephen Randall, ^2 

John Snow, 5 

Joseph Thompson, 6 

William Cotton, 13 

George Berry, 2 

Samuel Skilling, 2 

Wm. Buckman, 6 

Enoch Moody, 3 

Wm. Simington, 2 

John Waite, 3 

1756 

Isaac llsley, 2 
Humphrey Merrill, ^ 15 

David Strout, 5 
Joseph Mariner, 

Wm. Slemmons, 9 

Ephraim Jones, 4 

Stephen Waite^ 4 
S.:muel Cobb, 
Benjamin Wioslow, 

Nathaniel Carle, 10 
Jeremiah Pote, 
1775 
Benj. Mussey, 
John Bracket, 
William Owen, 

Nath. Wilson, t 



13 



John Johnson, Jr. 


2 Joseph McLellan, 


Joseph Noyes, 


9 Samuel Freeman, 


Pearson Jones, 


Enoch Dsley, 


Daniel Dole, 


3 Joshua Freeman, 


Benj. Titcomb, 


3 Stei^ien Hall, 


Richard Codman, 


2 Thomas Child, $ 


Solomon Haskill, 


2 Daniel Ilsley, 


Bracket Marston, 


James Frost, 2 


REPRESENTATIVES TO THE GENERAL COURT. 


1719 William Scales, 


1755 Charles Frost, (dec'd.) 


1720 Samuel Moody, 


Enoch Freeman, 


1721 None, 


1756 Enoch Freeman, 


1732 Dominicns Jordan, 


1757 Samuel Wa1do» 


1723 None, 


1758 Do. 


1724 Uncertain, 


1759 Do. 


1725 Major Moody, 


1760 Do. 


1726 Samuel Moody, 


1761 Do. 


1727 None, 


1762 Francis Waldo^ 


1728 None, 


1763 Do. 


1729 None, 


1764 Samuel Waldo, 


1730 Uncertain, 


1765 Do. 


1731 Uncertain, 


1766 Jedediah Preble, 


1732 Uncertain, 


1767 Do. 


1733 Uncertain, 


1768 Do. 


1734 Dominicus Jordan, 


1769 Do. 


1735 Uncertain, 


1770 Do. 


1736 Uncertain, 


1771 Do. 


1737 Moses Pearson, 


1772 William Tynr, 


Phinehas Jones, 


1773 William Tyng, 


1738 Uncertain, 


Jedediah Preble, 


1739 Phinehas Jones, 


1774 Enoch Freeman, 


1740 Moses Pearson, 


To Ute ProvmciiU Congress. 


1741 Joshua Bangs, 


1775 Samuel Freeman, 


1742 Uncertain, 


17T6 J^ediah Preble, 


1743 Samuel Moody, 


JcM«ph Noyes, 


1744 Samuel Waldo, 


Samnel Freeman, 


1745 Jabez Fox, 


John Waite, . 


1746 Uncertain, 


1777 Jedediah Preble, 


1747 Jabez Pox, 


Joseph Noyes, 


1748 Enoch Freeman, 


1778 Joseph Noyes, 


1749 Moses Pearson, 


Samuel Freeman, 


1750 Jabez Fox, 


1779 None, 


1751 Do. 


1780 ^Jedediah Preble, 


1752 Do. 


Joseph Noyes, 
Stephen Hall, 


1753 Jedediah Preble, 


1754 Do. 


1781 Stephen Hall, 



'Under fbe new Coastitotion* 



C9 



u 

tlS^ Joseph Nqy^s, 1785 Jos^h floyejB, 

1783 Do. 1786 Do. and 

1784 Do,,^ John FrojtUpgl^dip, 
Benjamip ."^t^wb, T 



BIIIN1STER& 
The Rer. Thonias Bmith Was the first iHeitled Minister m^iis 
tbwn.'' . He .was prdaiqed ^ajrch 8, 1727, ^d was the only iBin- 
ister ip-the t^wn until November 10, 17d4, when the Rev. Mr. 
Allen wfts inslblM nf Cape^ISizabeth^whiefeiwasvtill then a^part 
of Mr. Smith's parish. ^^ There was a block house held by some 
few families at iCnrpoodock point — and a Garrison and a few fam- 
ilies at Spirwink ; at those. places he used alternately to minis- 
ter to the people.^ -There was no other minister 1^4110 town un- 
til other parishes were set off. Of the first parish, the Rev. Sam- 
uel Deanewas settled as a -minister with Mr. Smith, Oct. 
17, 1764. They continued together until the death of Mr. 
Smith, (May 23, 1795.) Mr.'Deane then became sole pastor, 
and remained so until the settlement of th^ Rev. Mr. JN^ichols, 
Jane 7, 1809. 



OAF^-BUZABETH, OR SECOfiD PAitifSI. 
This pAnsh..wa9 setoff ^«n the town of F^lmoi^th hj a ▼ele 
pawd.M^7fl!I83. 

Tfa^ Rev. Benjamin^AIIeillwas the first s^ttledminister o^thls 
parish.f He was intt^led (as above mentione49) NoviBmber 1 0, 
1734, ^Md eontiniied td be sole pastor until hi» death, (May 6, 
1754.) Onthe 10th October following the church, by a, ms^* 
ity of one, voted to calVtoth^minietry then,'the'Rev. Mr« IMy- 



• It tfppean ho^nvtri hytht ntcordt of tiicTo«|ifiBSOSk« yapn4fl& tO!i724» 
that the inUabitants employed Preaoben from time tqi^Une i »o4 ^tboi||jti I 
have no a^tount i>f any« txetpt thr Revt Mr. Barrowi« between* the years'1685 
and ;69o, (of whom hereafter) it is not probable they were nthoUy destitute* 

i^There was at some time, a .Mr, Henry frem/fte«t|and, who osed to preach 
there, who was an eccentric character, and rendered himtelf 4ootemptibIe>by 
his levity and indiscretiop." 



15 

oke, and the Congregation concuired by a niMprity of two, but 
on account of the dissentions among them, he was not settled. 

The Rev. Mr. Clark^ euoeecfded Bfr. Alien, and was installed 
f^y 2i; 11f56. Next t6 him was the Rev. William Gregg who 
wte ordained in January^ 1801. He continued in the ministry 
there, about mne y6ars, and was succeeded by the Rev. Benja* 
min Sstwyer, who was oi>dained in 1810; but sometime after the 
Rev. Mr. Gregg returned, and was-inataUedtn January 1816, and 
is the present ministdp. 



NEW-CASCO; OR T»mB PARISH. 

This Parish was setoff from Falmduth, December 12, 1753. 

The Rev. Feleg Wiswell, was the first settled minister of thia 
parish. He was ordained November 3, 1756, and continued in 
that office until September 1764, when he accepted a call from 
a number of persons, (wbo seceded from thefirst parish,) to settie 
over them as an Episcopalian minister. The Rev. Ebenezer 
Williams was their next mimster. He was ordained Norem^ 
ber 6, 1765,'*' and continued such untU the time of his death, 
Pebruary 25, 1799. His successor Was the Rev. William Mil- 
timore, who was ordsuned June 19, 1803, and is now the minis- 
ter of said parish. 



STROUDWATER, OR FOURTH PARISH. 

Tftis 'parish'' wa» set off.by-a- vote of the town of Falmtfuth, in 
March 1753. 

The Rev. Thomas Brown, was the first minister. He was in- 
stalled August 21, 1765, and continued in the ministry until his 
death in October 1798, though for about a year he was, on ac- 
count of his impaired health, unable to preach. 

He was succeeded by the Rev. Caleb Bradley, who was or- 
dained October 9, 1799, and is the present Mnister. 

•The Church in March preceding^ gave a e%\l to a M -, Faller, bat it does not 
appear whethar he accepted the cal( or whether the coagregacion eoncar red io 
'tor not. 



16 

EPBCOPAL CHURCH. 

This society was formed on the 4tl| November, 1763, by the 
written ag^reeroent of 41 persons to procure a lot of land and 
bnild a ^* meeting^ house for divine service.^' On the 23d July, 
1764, an increased number expreased in writin|^ under their 
hands, their desire ^ that the worship to be carried on in said 
house should be agreeable to the laws of Great Britian," and on 
the 4th of September following, invited the Rev. John Wiswel 
** to accept of the pastoral chai^ over them,'' and desired ^^that 
be would apply to the Liord Bidiop, for ordination.'' He accep- 
ted their invitatioii, complied with their, desire, and became 
tiieir minister accordingly. He continued such until 1775, 
when he left them, and when the house which they had built 
was consumed in the conflagration of the town by Capt Mowat 
Thus was the society at that time in respect to assembling 
for public worship, broken up, and continued in a dispersed 
state until 1805, when Mr. Parker read prayers for them, in a 
hired room about two years— -After him, viz. in July 1787, 
they agreed to employ Mr. Thomas Oxnard, in the same ser- 
vice, in the (then new) school house which they had hired for 
the purpose. He continued in it until March 1792. Mr. Jo- 
seph Hooper was next employed for about a jrear. After him 
there were no stated performances until 1797, when the Rev. 
Joseph Warren was employed and was continued until 1800. 
(This year the pulpit seems to have been unoccupied.) In 1801 
ttte society engaged the Rev. Timothy Hilliard, who officiated 
until 1809.* 

From this time there were only occasional supplies until June 
1817, when the Rev. Mr. Olney was engaged in the service of 
the society, and continued about three months. He was fol- 
lowed in September 1818, by the Rev. Mr. Tenbroeck who is 
now the instituted Rector. 



*Daring this period, viz. in I802 jind 1803 their present Brick charch wai 
(rallt.— Previous to that they erected a temporal y building on the qpot wheir 
their first church sUM>d. 



17 

PROCEEDINGS OP THE TOWN OP PALMOUTH, 

ftfm, theyear 1768, to the year 1775. 

On the SI St September, 1768, the town appointed Jedediah 
Freble, Esq. to join a committee of conveation to be holden at 
Boston to consult and advise upon such measures as his majes- 
ty's service and the peace and safety of his subjects in the prov- 
ince mi^ht require. The following were the instructions given 
to him by the town :— 

<< You are l^reby instructed and enjoined not to comply im 
said convention with any proposals there made that shall be 
illegal and unconstitutional, but that you heartily join with 
them in any legal measure of obtaining redress of pur present 
grievances ; such as humbly petitioning our gracious Sovereign 
for relief, or urging his excellency Governor Bernard to call a 
new Assembly to set in Greneral Court, to take all possible care 
of preserving the rights, liberties and properties of the good 
people of this Province, and in case the civil officers in the 
government should in any case stand in need of their hands 
being strengthened to put the laws of this government in execu- 
tion, that you join in convention in every legal method to aid 
and assist them according as the emergency of the case may 
require ; and in all your consultations in said convention it is 
the desire of the town that you advise to the most mild and 
peaceable measures, and from time to time to acquaint the 
town with any material event that shftU occur, ndterein they 
may be interested iasuch a manner as may so^be inconsistent 
with the public good.'' 

On the 7th January, 1773, the town gave the following in- 
structions to its representative, William Xyng, Esq. which were 
previously prepared, reported and signed by a committee ap- 
pointed for the pcirpose.* 

Sm-— Whereas we are sensible there is reason to complain of 
infringements on the liberties of the people of this province, 



*Vis: Enoch Freeman, Motet Pearton. Stephen LongMlow, David Wyer, 
jim, John Waitet Stephen Waitr* Enoch Ilsley, WUliam Slcmmont, Benjamin 
Titcombj ^ 

c2 ' 



18 

and as you are a reprMentatiye for this town we would offer a 
few tbing^s for your coDsideration on transacting^ the veiy im- 
portant business that may lay before the Greneral Court at the 
next sessions. We are not about to enumerate any grievances 
particularly, as we doubt not the wisdom of the General Court 
is amply sufficient to inyesti^te, not only every grievance but 
every inconvenience the province at present labours under ; ail 
we mean is to suggest some method whereby all grievances may 
be redressed. And considering the singular abilities and good 
disposition of the present Governor, together with his family 
being embarked on the same bottom with ourselves, we know 
of no expedient more effectual than for the members of the 
General Court, by a rational and liberal behaviour, to concili- 
ate the affections of his Excellency V The particular mode of 
doing this, we must leave to ^eir wisdom and prudence, which 
on this important occasion they will undoubtedly exert, only beg 
leave to observe that could his Excellency be prevailed upon to 
join tlie oiher branches of the legislature in supplicating the 
throne for redress of any of our grievances : it appears to us 
the most probable way of obtaining his Majesty's Royal ktten- 
tion and relief. 



THE TEAR 1774^ 
Th^ records of the town for the year 1774, ^ew it to ha^e 
been a year of anxiety and d<^ oon^eration as well as such&fr 
to require active exerticmt and prudent conduct. 

Jan. 25. A meeting was ff^arn^d for the choice of a comtiut" 
tee to make answer to the several letters received fkrm the Com-> 
mittee of correspondence in Boston, and to correspond with tiiem 
as occasion might require, and in general to do what might be 
jtbought best for thjB pji^ljMs.ii^lfare under tb§ aUnnv^g oircum- 
stances thex^ existing. 

Feb. 3. At a meeting of the inhabitants they agreed upon an 
answer, and expressed their sentiments in-^ following manner^ 

That having too patiently Waited a long-time in hopes that the 
Governor would jwn the other branches of the Legislature in 



petitioning the king for a redress of American grievances, we 
now £nd it in vain still >to hope or expect any relief through his 
means. Having therefore considered seriously and attentively 
the general opposition throughout the continent, to some late 
acts of parliament, which lay taxes on us for the purpose of rais- 
ing a revenue from us without our consent or opportunity of de- 
liberating on the expediency thereof; we think it our duty which 
we owe our fellow countrymen and our posterity, to declare our 
sense and opinion in a matter which so highly concerns the wel- 
fare of the present generation and the happiness of our children 
yet unborn. First then we declare it as our opinion that neith- 
er the Parliament of Great Britain ^or any other power on earth 
has a right to lay a tax on us but by our own consent or the con* 
sent of those whom we may choose to represent us. This is one 
of the most important articles of the glorious Magna Charta, the 
liberties of which we have a right inviolably to enjoy, and it is 
not only agreeable to the laws of God and nature, but it is in- 
terwoven in the constitution of the human mind. 

In parliament we have none to represent us, and the great dis- 
tance of Great Britain which is separated from this continent 
by a vast and hazardous ocea^Q, renders it impossible that we evei 
can either in reason or equity. But to prevent the inconven- 
ience which this want of representation would subject us to, we 
have by compact ye< tmhroken^ by a charter which our fore- 
fathers purchased for us, a, parliament of our own, or rather a su- 
preme provincial court, where we are equally represented, and 
to whose laws, in obediepice to the law of God. alone ought we tp 
be subservient. No man can serve two masters. To be subject 
to two legislative powers, renders us liable to a double subservi- 
ency, which the nature of government does not require. A coiv 
rupt and disaffected ministry have hitherto attempted to enslave 
nSf by bringing, or endeavoring to bring us to submit to acts of 
parliament, which they and some of our enemies, adders in our 
bosoms, had unjustly planned, and of which the late formidabte 
stamp act was a manifest instance. 

This has happily been repealed, but now, still determined to 
execute their mischievous schemes, they have let loose the mon- 



20 

ftroiu East India Company upon os to devour vs, who have be- 
gun their baneful commiBsioii by endeavoring to wash down the 
fatal pill with the bewitching, the unsalutary Bohea Tea, which 
they haye sent out in large quantities to the different cities and 
principal towns on the continent, to allure us with its gilded 
bait 

And here we cannot help expressing our resentment against 
some of our own countrymen who hare been egging on their 
deep laid schemes. What encouragement must it give our en- 
emies in Britain, when they find that men bom and educated a- 
mong us, have spoken enmity against and have endeavoured to 
represent us as rebels and disaffected subjects. We believe our- 
selves to be as loyal subjects to his most gracious majesty Bang 
George the third as any in his European dominions. To him we 
owe our firm allegiance, and his crown will we maintain to our 
latest breath. Nor do we desire to live free from the restraint 
of good government. We detest anarchy and confusion— -but 
we say it again, we cannot think it just to be subject to the 
control of a parliament 3000 miles distant from us, who neither 
can either seasonably hear or thoroughly be acquainted with the 
situation of our affairs. 

It is with deep concern and uneasiness that we find ourselves 
reduced to this unhappy alternative either to resist or yield-— if 
we yield we ovm the power that oppresses us and must forever 
submit to its despotic sway— if we resist, we oppose that same 
oppressive power, and must e^ert our resolutions with unremit- 
ted ardor for our own security. If we yield we detach ourselves 
from the general body of our fellow countrymen and must en- 
dure their just reproaches. We must suffer the evils which a 
servile submission will bring on us and our posterity and convey 
the brand of infamy and shame to succeeding generations. We are 
therefore constrained by the sacred obligations of patriotism, self- 
preservation, & the tender ties of filial affection, to join our breth- 
ren of the several towns on the continent in opposing the opera- 
tion of their encroaching acts. Nature dictates, reason directs 
and conscience uiges us to support our freedotn ; our happiness 
depends upon it. Our cause is just and we doubt notfuUy con* 



21 

sonant to the wHtl of God. In bim therefore let us put our trust, 
let our hearts be obedient to the dictates of his sovereign will, 
and let our hands and hearts be always ready to unite in zeal 
fpr the conunon good, and transmit to our children that Sacred 
Freedom which our fathers have transmitted to us and which 
they purchased with their purest blood. 

We there/ore further resolve, 

1. That we will not suffer to be imported from Great BrKain . 
to this town any articles whatever, on which the Parliament has 
laid a duty with the purpose of raising a revenue frCMn us with- 
out our consent. 

2. That we will have no dealings or correspondence with any 
person who may wilfully promote either directly or indirectly, 
the operation of such arbitrary acts. 

3. That it is the opinion of this town that one of the most ef- 
fectual means for obtaining a redress of our grievances is for ; 
e^ery town to make proof of their virtue by desisting from the 
use of all India tea. Therefore, 

4. Resolved, that whdever shall endeavor to allure the minds 
of the people by any means whatever to use India tea until the 
act imposing a duty thereon is repealed, is pursuing measures in 
direct opposition to that freedom which the wfiole continent are 
at this time contending for, and evidently proves how little they 
are concerned if all America are enslaved, if they can but there- 
iij enrich themselves. Therefore, 

6. Resolved, that we Will not buy or sell any India tea, what- • 
ever, after this third day of February until the act which lays a 
duty thereon is repealed, and will hold in detestation every per- . 
son who shall aim to counteract the designs of this town in this . 
respect. 

6. Resolved, that as we are at a great distance from Boston 
the metropolis of tliis province and cannot have so early intelli- 
gence of encroachments upon our rights as they have, we do ac- • 
knowledge our obligations to them for their early notices of ap- • 
proaching danger, & for their intrepid behaviour upon the late tea . 
^ips arrival. And we trust they will still be our watch tower* 



92 

ftUd they may depend on our utAosI endeavors to gupport them 
at all times in defence of our rights and liberties. ^ 

And then passed the following^ Votes, viz :-» 

Voted, 3d. That the said- committee of correspondence be a 
standing^ committee to correspond with the committee of corres" 
pondence for the town of. Boston. 

Voted, 3d. That the Selectmen of this town be a committee 
of inspection, whose business it shall be td obterve if any per- 
s^uft buy or sell- tea contrary to the iresblves of this town, and to 
nflfake report thereof to the committee of correspondence. 

Voted^ 4tii. The Mectmen be and hereby are desired to with- 
hold their approbation for license, for tavern keeping or re tail- 
ihg to sneh person or persons as may presume to buyor fdl tea 
contrary to the aforesaid resolves. 

Voted, 5. That Mr. Benjamin Mussey, Mr, Robert Pagan, 
and Mr. Enoch Moody, be a committee to enquire what quan- 
tity of te& is in town, of what quality, in Whose hands it is, and'> 
#hen imported and make report Rt the annual meeting in March' 
next. 9-M' ' i 

Vbted« 6. Thatacopy of'theseprooeedim^lMe.by theTowm 
CHerk transmitted tathe cMittnittee of c^NrrespoHdence in Boa^ 

tan. 

At this meeting Capt. Jeremiah Pbte and Mr; Robert Pagaa 
desired their dissent might be entered to the sixth Resolve, and 
t6 the epithets given thenmui^ and' Bast India Oompuiy^. 

June 30. A meeting of the ij^fifiMtants waircalted) to take in*- 
to consideration the alarming state of the province,.** and the 
other provinces of the continent,''with respect to the infringement^ 
on their rights and liberties by some late acts of the British Par- 
li»ment, and in partic^dar the late cruel edict-for blocking up 
the harbour of Boston. At this meeting they directed their com- 
ntittee to write a syinpathising letter to ^hecominittee of Boston 
acquainting them ^ that we look upon them .afi suiTering for 
the common cause of American Liberty, that we higfaly applaud 
them forthedeterminationft they have made to endure their dis- 
tresses, till they shall know the result of a continental Congress, 
%Bd wouM beg leave to i-ecommend to them to persevere in theb^ 



48 

patience ^aidre8<ilutioa,>nM3 &sl8o^asour«iB6aUbiUtie».will 
^extend we^will encoura^di^aiid atipport them.'' 

Aug^ Sa At a Baeetii^if ^e ialiabitants they ^reed .to 
the driaft of a letter reported by their committee in answer to 
one received from the town of Boston, in which are the foliow- 
'kig' detached sefitences. 

" We beg leave to intreat you to persevere with your usual 
fortitude and patience in that glorious pause which you have 
hitherto* so laudably defended, and we rejoice that though aur- 
rouaded by a jSeet and afiny, you yet remain firm and resolute.^' 

" What trust have we in Qovemment ? What dependence on 
our salutary laws, if they are liable to be altemd or aBnuUed 
without 9ur kno^vledge or consent ?" 

" We vmuld with patience bear our trouble, but we hope the 
approaching Congress, on which we look with expectant and 
impatient eyes, will adopt some method to redress pur growing 
grievances." 

" We ^ardently wish a restpration of that harmony which once 
so happily subsisted, between our mother qountry and us ; but 
till the wished for time arrives, we hope a saored regard to our 
/Oppressed country will innuence every mind to the preservation 
of peace and good order" *** Looking up to Him who is 
the great Governor of all events, for help and direction, that He 
may le*;d us into such measures as will bi^ agreeable to his will, 
and we obtain bia divine blessing." 

. The town then yoted j That Jedediab Preble, Esq. Enoch Free- 
man; Esq. Stephen LcmgfeUow, £8q*iMr« Enoch Usley and -Mr. 
Samuel Freeman, be a comipittee to meet- committees from the 
aeveral tow&ain this ooimty to consider what. measures it will be 
expedient to adopt for the general interest of the County in the 
present alarming situation of our public affairs; and that said 
committee write to said towns, acquainting them with this vote» 
And appoint the time and ][dape of meeting.* 

•iQConsQfqence of this vote* a Convention of gentlemen frpm different parts 
of the county was soon after held at F4lmoath, at which a naftiber of Resolu- 
tlontwere passed; fHiichas they exhibit a view of the important sitoation of 
afiairt at that tine, I ihink proper to insert at full .length, as follows ;— 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY RESOLVES. 
Atamtettne'cfthefolhwmgffStihm.ncl»setLby the, several t(n»m in the county 
efCumberigndt Md «f Falmoiyttitin said^emnty ^ onihe 2>it My fff Septem- 
ier, 1774, <»' *** ''^^^ ofMru Greele, vix/ffom 
Taitnottth^ the Hon. Enoch EnKoiin, Esq. ; Stephen Longfciiowv Esq. ; Mr. 



94 

Bept S9. At a town meetingf, '^roted. That the Hon. Enoch 
Freeman, Esq. our Representatire [chosen the 7th September, 
to attend the Greneral Court to be conyened at Salem J be and here* 

Eichard Codrnan^ GapK. John Waits* Mr* Baoch ntley, aad Mr. Saouiel Free- 
man. 
Scarborough t Capt. Timothy McDuilel* Gap*. Reuben Fogg* Mr. Jothna 

Fabyan. 

Nortfftarmouth, Mr. John Lewis, David Mitchelt Esq*; Meairt* Jonathan 
Mitchel, Johrt Gray, Willi*m Cattf r. 

Corham, Solomon Lombard, Esq. i WiUian Gorham, Esq; ; Capt. F.dmnnd 
PhineytCapt. Briant Morton, Mr. Joseph Davis. 

Cape-Blixabeth, Dr. Clement Jordan, Messrs. Peter Woodbm7,Sa0ael Domv, 
Capr . Jadah Dye' , Dr« Nathaniel Jones, Mr. George Stront. 

Bruni'mkkf Messrs. Sdimoel Thompeoii, Samoei Stanwood. Capt, Thomas 
Moaicon. 

Ha^piVgii, Mr. Joseph Swing, Capt. John Stover, Mr. Andrew Dunning. 

mndhamt Messrs. Zerubbabel HonyweiU Thomas Trott, David Barker, 

ITtnu-Glouceitert Messrs. William Harris, Isaac Parsons. 

The Hon. Enoch Freeman, Esq. was chosen Chairman. 

Mr. Samoei Freeman, Ch rk. 

A Committee from the body of people who were assembled at the entrance 
ef the town, waited on this convention, to see if they would choose a commit- 
tee of one member out of each town, to join them to wait npon Mr. Sheriff 
Tyng to see whether he woald act in hia oiBce, under the late act of Parlia- 
nent for regnlating the government. 

On a motion made, K«f«i, that a messenger be sent to the said SherilTTyng, 
to desire his attendance at this convention. A toessenger then waited npon 
Mr. Tyng with the following billet, viz. 

*' Mr» Sheriff Tyng's company it detired at the Convention of the county^ nav 
sitting at Mrs* Greek's. SAMUEL FREEMAN, Clerk. 

•« Wednesday, Sept. aist, i774« »i o'clock, A. M." 

Mr. Tyng accordingly attended, and after some tnterrogatiooa, sobscribed 
the following dedaratioas, via. 

" County of Cumberland, Falmouth^ September ar, 1774. 

*' Whereas great nnmbers of the inhabitants of this cennty aw now aasem*. 
bled near my house, in consequence of the false representations ofsome/vil 
minded persons, who have reported that 1 have endeavoured al! in my power 
to enforce the late acts of parliament, relating to thb province ; 1 do hereby 
solemnly declare that 1 have not in any way whatever acted or endeavoured 
to act In conformity to said act of parliament: And in compliance with the 
commands of the inhabitants so assembled, and by the advice cf a coUimittee 
from the several towns in this county now assembled in Congress* I further 
declare I will not us Sheriff^ said county, or otherwtee, act in conformity to, 
or by virtue of^ said acts, onlesa by the general consent ef the said county. I 
further declare, I have not received any commission inconsistent with the 
charter of tbjs province, nor any commission whatever, since the first day ef 
July last. »• WILLIAM TYNG." 

** County ef Cumber hnd^ 

" At the convention of committees from the tcveral towns in the said Coun- 
ty ,held at the house of Mrs. Oteele. in Palmoath , in said county , Sep«embcv 
z( St. 1774, yefgj^ Thaethefareg««ng,by William Tyng, Esq. sQbBC^l»ed,ia 
"attsftctory to this convention. 

» Attest^ SAMUEL FKEEMAN.S' 



^iajafitrvcledy^tliatkicaBe tiie House of RepraseBtatiyes should, 
resolve themselves into a prormcial Congress^ that he do join 
ffith^tihem ia wd Congress.^' 

Nor. 28. Tb»'tawn appainted a comnittee (tf elevea to '' see 
that the several articles of the ikssocuTioN of the iprand Amerw 



Tlie coaventiflii then fbraed theoitelves into a committee to accompany 
Mr.Tynitto che body of tiM people^ to pretent the above declaration, and ad- 
joaknedtotheold Towii-Hoolfc/at^ o'clocfct P*M. the delibsration tobein 
publiC' 

The committee accordlarly- w«iit with Mr« Tyng, who read the declantt'Nm 
to thepdople, whidi they voted \o he sacUlhCtoryi aiid after reftetUagihefli* 
selves, returned peacetMy co theif several honiet. 
P« M. 3 o'clockt met aocordliiit to adtjoonunent. 

V^hdt That Mr. Samhel Freeman^ Solomon Lombard, Esq. Steglien Long* 
fellow t £sq. David Mitchil* Esq. John Lewis« Oapt. John Waite, Samoel 
ThompMMi, Gapr. Timothy Mc Daniel, Doctor Natiianiel Jonet, Isaac Paraenk« 
Enoch Frremaa , Eaq« David Barker and Gapt. John Stover, be a coinmittee to 
d^air op the sentiinetitt of thii cottveation, and report the same at the ad- 
joftmracBt* 
Thin adjotttned to Thhrsday morning at« o^clock. 

^e^Utuhr 11, Met aeeording to a^oomment, when the committee presen- 
ted the following report, which after being read, paragraph by fiaragn^h, 
was nnanimoosly accepted, vi«. 

The great concern with which the people of this county view the increasing 
differences, which now snbsist between the mother coahtry and the colonies, 
Cc the dark protect which tome late acts of the British parliament have in pav^ 
ticolar opened to them, has occasioned the several towns herein to' choOse 
Cfitamtttees Cor this convention. ** To consider what measures it would be 
thought expedient to adopt for the general interest of the county, in the pree* 
ent alar^iing situation of our public aflUrs." We therefbre, the said commit.* 
tees, pomism to the request of our respiective towns, gikided by a strong at- 
achment to the interesu of our oppressed country, think it proper with res- 
pect and deference to our brethren in other ocAinties, to make known our 
Biinds as follows* 

H We think it the indispensable duty of every subject of the English constitu- 
tion, for our own sakes as well m that of future generations, to use his utmost 
care, and eoAeftvonr, according to the station heis in, to preserve the same 
in^olate and uultnpatred ; for we regard lt,not only as the foondaHoa of aU 
our ci^ righte a^ liberties, but as a symm of government, the best ealcn* 
Uted to proufotethle i^mple't peace and happiness* And ure lament that in the 
pi«wne adihtnistratloB there are men so lost to all the principles of honor, 
equity and justice, as tb attempt a violatkm of the rights which we have long 
enjoyed,. and whldi while we proltes ourselves, as we now declare we do, 
aliegUiSt Milj eeur to Georgef the iMrd, our rightful Soeereign , we have a right 
i^t»e^ «iiii««iid'Wai«lHti«s Auditisa flWiaiieholy coosideretleii. 



2# 

rfcan Congress be dulj observed by tbe inhabitaiitfl of the town^ 
' Dec. 21. A meetUi^ wu called to consider the address of 
tbepromcial Congress, to raise money for the encoiini|^emeiit 
of minute men, and to adopt other warlike mMsnres. 



that the acknowledged bead of this respected state Ihoald be ladaced to pan 
jbifl sanction to sach laws as tend to the subversion of that glorious freedom* 
which preserves the greatness of the Britnh empirea and gives it reparation 
throoghout all the nations of tbe civil world. It is too apparent that tbe Brit- 
ish ministry have long been batcliing mohstroos acts to break oar conttita* 
tloOf and some they luve at length brooght forth. We think the colonies de- 
setre a better treatment from his Majesty tlian this which he assents to. We 
9tt his loyal ^ulq8cts,Sc merit bis regardtSt cannot help thinking that if lie would 
pBTsoe Us own anbiassed jadgment, aa^ lay, a|ide the selfisb coancil of wick- 
ed and'dcsigniog men* be and his subfects would be motoaUyb^ppy, ^d prov- 
ocations on bath sides ceise. But sipce die ministry luve borne their Hyrap.^y 
tasticb a length as to endeayoar to. execate tlieir wicked , designs by military 
force in oar metropolis we fear it is their aim u> introdace,despotic monarchy 
Bat though tlieir tyranny . and om>ression seems now with hasty strides to 
threaten all the colonies with ruin and destruction, wr liope no vengeance will 
aflright* or wiles allure as to give up oar dear bought liberty, that choicest 
Iteenof fleaven, wbichour fathers came into these regions to enjoy and which 
we therefore will.retain> ^hile life enabfes us to struggle for its jilessi^gs. 

We believe pur enemies supposed we must submit and tamely j;ive up all oor 
rights. It is true a vigoroos epposltton.will subject us to many inconventences« 
bot Iww much grentcr will our .misery.be if we relinquish all we now enjoy, 
and lay our facore earning^s at4he mercy of despotic men .' We eannot bear 
tlie thought. Disunt posterity would have caoie to corse our folly, and tbe ri- 
sing generation-MTOoldjustly execrate our memory. We therefore recommend 
a manly opposition to those crnel aetn, and every measure which despotism can 
invent to <• abridge our English liberties/' and we hope that patience will pos- 
sess our souls, till Providenoe shalUdissipate tbe gloomy cloud* and restore os 
to- our former happy state. 

The late act for reguUttng tbe gore inoMnt of this province we consider, in 
particular, as big with mischief and destruction, tending to tbe subversion of 
oor charter and our proiTioce lawa* and in its dire example, alarming to all the 
colonies. This through the. conduct of some enemies among ourselves, will 
toon bring us into difficulties whidi^wiU require some able coancil to remove* . 
We therefore recommend to each town in this.county to Instruct their several 
RepresenUtives to.r«iolve tbemselveswwitb^theother members of the Kouae, . 
at their approaching session, into a* Provincial Congress for this porpote* 

To this Congress we shall submit, tlie general, interest of Uie provtncey^bttt ^ 
for the particular beaefit of this county, we do. advise and recommr&d, 

1. Thattb?jascic«s.of th; stsnions and court of common |iea«, andeveJiy • 
other civil cffic^r in ^his coDDty.vwfaicb .00 aMtboriif am remove, Imc thstt . 
which consatttted them agreeable to «b«rt«r flodoar •wa pr«V2iici|l Iswit 



a? 

TUB YEAR 1776. 
Was bi^ with impprtant erents. See the following^ account 
of ThonqpBoa'iWkr; Extracts of Letters, account of &e bum- 



Wooldreligloiitly oSelate !a their tcvenl drpartmcfitt* at if the tfbreiiddact 
had never been invented, and that evenr private person would pay a atrict obe- 
dience to soch officertfl be always ready tofH-otect and to support then t and 
promote a doc bbaenranee of our own estabUahed laws. And If any person 
whatsoever shoald henceforth in any manner dare te aid the operation of the 
aaid tyrannic act, they shoald be considered as malignant enemies to ear char* 
ter rights, onfit for civil society, and ondeserving of the least regard or &vor 
firom their fellow coontrymen. 

3. That every one would do his otmost to discooi age law salts, and llhewise 
compromise disputes as moch »t pbisiUe. - 

3« That it be recommended to the Hon, Jeremi^ Powell, E«q. and Jedidiah 
Preble« Esq. constitutional cooiisellors of t^ls province, residing Iq this conn - 
ty, that they woald take their places at the board the ensaUig session as usuai. 

4. We cannot bat approve of cbe recoamends^on given by the convention of 
Snllblk county to the sev'eral coilectora of province taxes not to pay one far- 
thing more into the province treasury, until the^vkmm^ntof the province b 
|4aced on a constltational foondatioa,or ontil the pnovincial congress shall or> 
der otherwise i,and we recommend the same -^tcHihe several collectors in this 
(oonty. But we think it the daty of the several collectors of county, town and 
disttict taxes, to perfect their collections^ ^wid paythe same into their several 
treasuries as soon at possible. And here w« think it proper to observe, that 
though we do not coincide in every instanee withoni Suffolk brethren, which 
may be owing to a want of knowing all the circumstances of affairs, yet we 
highly applaud their virtooua zeal, and determined resolutions. 

5. We recommend to every town in this eoonty, charitably to contribute* to 
the relief of oar suffering brethren in onr distressed metropolis.- - 

'6, Lest oppression, which maketh even wise men mad,ehoa}(l harry some 
people Into tomnlts and disorders, we would recommend that every individual 
in the county use his best endeavors to suppress, nt all times, riots, mobs, and 
alllieentloasness, and that oar fellow subjects woold consider themselves as 
they always arei in the presence of the gtent 'GOO, who loveth order, andnot >■ 
confusion, 

r t* That when a general non impoftation agr^ftmerfttakes place; we shall look ^' 
Upon it to be the duty of every vender of merch^dfew to sell his goods at the 
present rates ; and if any person shall exOtbitimtly^enhslnce the prices Of his 
goods, we shall look opon him as an oj^ressor of his eoaiitryJ' And in order to 
prevent imposition in this respect, we recodimend thit a cemBittee l>e' chbseA 
in each town to receive complaints against any who maylie~ tb'blami herein. 
And if he shaU refbse to wait on such committee, on notice givtm, or be found 
ealpable in this respect, his name shiil be published in the several towns of the 
(oonty,as nndcscrving of the future castombfhb countrymen. 

& That «very one who haf itin hia ppwer, wooldimprove our bfccdof shccp« 



2i 

« 

ingr of the town, &c. From ihe Records of the tovm, it is nol 
thought expedient to make any further transcript. 
The affiurs of the town, as they Inspect tiie war and public 



and at far at powiftle, incrtoM tlipir number / and abo tM a wa gt thf .raltJuK fit 
flas, aad proawxa the mmnfaeiwttt of t|M cooatry* 

9. At the very cmtraordiniry add alarming aa Ibr cttablithine the Honar 
oathalie nili|^an» and French la«s« ia GaaadagAay iotradnca the French or la> 
dlana »<•> our frootier townt» we reotmtnend that every town, and iadividiial 
in thltooanty, thould be provided with aK^'M' ttock of ait!ttary ttores.ac* 
coffdiug to cmr protKince law, undthat aoate .patriotic milirary officeri be che« 
ten to each town to exercise their tcvenU tompaniett aad make Cham perfect 
Sa the military art » 

10, Oor gemrral grieraacet being the tnfaject of detibcratiM before the. «eii^ 
claentil eoagrfit, readtn it iocspcdieot to comider them pwfticalatly ;.oii their 
-witdoot we hare a great dependtncrt and we think ir will be oar di^y toiay a* 
aide every measore to which we have adviaedi that ina|i<be variant fi^am the|nb 
and pay a doe regard to their result* 

And now we think it proper tO'dr€iare>that at we have been aaeonatiaftht ' 
hardships we endorehy the .machiaatioat <of oor-encauea at home* we caasot 
batgratcfttlly acknowledge oor-obligatioa to thote>iUBttrJoQt.woi«hict»attr 
friends of the ariBOrity» who wcosntantly oppoted thoee wicked meatorest aad 
would heartily wiah that toaie great and good meorwoald invent and mark 09K ' 
tome p] an that will nnito the p a a et tiate to thne its cataniet* aad thereby pee* 
vent the effhiion of chrittian blooA 

Then, Voted, That every number of thia convention^ severally ioterraga* 
ted whether he now has* or wiH hereafter take any commission onderthc 
present act of parliament, for regelating the goveniment of Ibis province* 

The members were accordingly interrogated* and each and every of >them 
answered in the ne^tivc. 

Totied» That the several committees which compose this convention* or -the 
major part of each, be, and hereby are, desired to interrogate the civil 'ofiicert 
and other persons whom they may think fit« in their rei^ctive towns, wheth-^ 
ier they now have, or will hereafter take, any committioo wider theiiforetaidi 

SUCXi 

Voted, That the whole proceedings of this convention be, by the clerk; 
transmitted'to the press, and also tothe town clerks of the respective to wni^io 
this coonty, as 30on as may be • ' 

Voted, That this convention be continaed, and that the. committee of, Faf-^ 
iaouth,or the major part of them, be> and hereby are, empowered, on any occa- 
sion, that in their opinion requires it, to notify a meeting of the delegates there 
of, at such time and place as they may think proper, setting forth the Qccasion 
thereof. ' * 

Voted, That the thank* of thitCQnveation be given to U^ hon. Enoch Frec- 
.man; ]$aq. rarhit faithftdwrvicea at ^ha^an. A true copy. 

Attest. SAMUEL FREEMANftClcrk, 



»9 

measoies, were conducted chiefly by a Committee of Corres- 
pondence, Safety and Inspection.* 

• Tke foUowiiig will exhibit some of Uwir proceediogt at three different peri- 
ods <^ this 7ear«—£tf* 

1 

Falmouth t January 4th f i775« 

The committee of Inspection met, porsaant to adjournment, at Mrc,Greoly's 
Present, Messrs. Benj-min Titcomb, ^ ' Smith W. Cobb, 

Enoch Ilsler, Pearson Jones, 

Benj. Mussey, Jedidiah Cobb, 

' Jos. McLelUn, John Bmler, 

PelatiahMarch, Sam'l Freeman, 

Joseph Noyes, Theophilns Parsom. 

The Chairman absent. " 
Veitd^ That Mr. B^jaminTitoNttbheGhainiianof this Committee for this 

evening. . ^, 

The Confmittee prOMcded to give their opinions respecting Mr. fmith'sre- 

focet Cmade with doe deference to the'committee, as the only proper authority t 

Qriatiiig atths(ttinie,3 

Voted, That Mr.Smithbe desired toattend. 

Mr. Smith attended and was heard. 

Voted, That it is the opinion of this t2ommtttee that Mr. Smith if he should 
sell the powder he imported ft-om Great Britain ataofc p«r. lb* would violate 
ho 9th article of the American Association, . 

Votetn That the chairman or (iAcaaeof Ms abs^aoe) any three of the commit* 
tee should be impowered to convene the committee wl)enever he or they should 
thtnkproper. Attest, mtO. PARSOMS, Clerk, 

2 

Falmeuth^ March 2<f, 1775* ' 

At a meeting of the Committee oflnspectionVat the library ciiambcr, to deter«. 
mifte what ought to be done with respect *o a vessel that arrived here thisday 
€kwn Bristol, supposed to have goods and merchandise for CaptYThos. Goolson 

onboard. ... 

VMif That Mr. Benjamin Mussey, Capt* Joseph McLellan and Mr.Benjamm 
Tttcomblie a comndtteo to employ some persons to see that 00 goods are landed 
Iram Mld<ressel darii«the debates of the Committee of Inspection, and to de- 
sire riF^ Capt. Gools«n>uid the nuMter of said vessel would attend this Com- 
mittee. Capt. Goolsoa aad the nusler accordingly attended; and being asked 
if'SaU vessel came fivm Bristol,and what she had on board, answered that she 
did come from Briftol* and had on board rigging, sails and stores for anew 
shiplktely bttilthere, by Capt. Coolson« 

Voted, That Cspu Joseph McLellan, Mr. Jedidiah Cobb, Mr.BetiJaminMtts- 
.sey^and Mr. Samuel Freeman be committee to go on board said vessel or em- 
ploy some other persons to go on board her to see whether she has ob boa'd an/ 
.goods other than the rigging satis and stores fhr said new ship. 

The meeting was then adjourned to eight o'clock to-oiorrow m orningt o meet 
at the library chimibcr, and that in the meatti time the absent m««bers be de- 
sired to attend. 

02 



30 

THOMPSONS WAR. 

The ioYkfWing acootint of ^ TlKMnpsoii's War," so called, i» 
tranacribed from an oii^iiiallet^, written by a gentleman at 
Portland, to his fnend at Watertown. 

Falmouth, May 18, 177S. 
8a, 
It may not be disagreeable to you to hare a more particular 



The eommittte «f laipeetioa Mtet imniiaAt to a^goonmcBt. 

Prcacac Enodi PraciMui, Etq. M«Mn» OaoMi Ibky* Bcaj. Titcomb, Enoch 
UHtj9 John Wfllte, BUfliai W«lte« BcaJ. Masaey* WnuOwen^ Sam'l Kn!|^t, 
JedidUkCbbb, |olifi Batler, Jubts Jones, Smith Cobb, Peletiah March, Pear* 
•m Jmm, fOM^h Morn, Suioel PrMiBan» JOMph McLcUao,Tbcophlhtt Parsoos. 

The ciucttloa beiecpet* whether C«pt« Coolion^s Uktog uid rigging and 
sell* ooc of the vctiel in which the/ ftnrlvedU and hia appropriating them to 
rig hia new ifaip in order to acad her to England, will he a vioiatioo of tho 
American Atiociation. 

' After a long and lerlona debate, it was 

R$M^Md in the aflrnwtlveby a majoriqr of 14 to 5. ^ 

Votedf therefore, that said rigging, sails and stores, .for said new ship, oqght 
forthwith to be sent backagaio, without breaking any of tlie packages thereof— 
bjr a majority of 14 to 5. 

r^tdt N. C. D. That all other goods, and merchandoe that were imported Jo 
said vessel ooght also forthwith to be sent back again , widumt breaking uj of 
the packages thereof 

f) Voiidf That Messrs. Enoch Italey, John Waite and Daniel Hsley be a eomfliifr 
tee, Immcdiatdr to Inform C«pt, Coolson of the rosnit of thte o nmmltti a r » 
«iid that they are now sitting, if he is desiroos to attend them. Capt. Coolson 
attended^ and inforoied the committee the vessel in which his riggingand 
tails arrived was so out of repair that she was onfit to return back again^ on^ 
til she was repaired, and that in order to repair her, the flxight mosrbe^afcen 
not. The meeting was then adjoomed to 3 o'clock P. M. to meet at the same 

l**ce. ^'^ /• 

Falmouth^ 3d Jl^rch^ inh 

The committee met, at 3 o'clock, P. M.portaant toaij^oiinimeat. 

VotUt That the sttb-coromittces, chosen by the 1st and sd votes of yeaterdty 
be discharged from any farther service as to^coomittoes* . 

K«/«d« That this committee will eioert their utmost endeavmn to prevent all 
the inhabitants of this town from engaging In any riots, tnmulta. and insunec- 
tioot, or attacks on the private property of any person t aspemleiooa to the 
real interest thereof, as well as injurious to the liberty of America in general, 
and that they will, as hx as lies |n their power, promote peace and good orders 
as absolutely necessary to the existence of society. 

Ordered^ That the retolc of tlut committee, together with the foregoing vote* 



31 

account of the solemn scene that has been aeted here fyr two 



bat past, be potted op in sonepnMicplace lo tlie town, tigaed by tbc cbiltaan*. 
Atuit, THEOPUILUS PARSONS, Cltrk. 

3 

Faimouih^ Septtmitr «24f, 1175. 

At a mgffting of • committee ofthe taid town of FaIraoath*choien on the lyth 
^ Instant, to pat the Eetol vet of the Genena Coort aad Congrett of this colony in 

execation* 

Vei^ Mr. Enoch Moody* Chairman— Mr* Nat. Green Moody, Clerk. 

Vetedt That Cape. P^* be ordered to go to the General Conrt, byltnd* 00 or 
before Thonday nexti to antwer for hit condoet with rctpea to hit exporting 

fish. 

Vtttdi That Capt. Wm. McLellan, and Mettn. B. Martton and I. NIchoIt be 
a committee to wait^'on Mrt. Rots, concerning a. letter tent her from Botton. 

Meeting ac^onnied to 5 o'cloclc 

The comraictee met according to adjonrnment. 

The committee who waited on Mrt. Rott reported, that tho said the had noc 
received any letter fbom herdanghter at Botfioo, tinceAngvtt lotb, and that 
npt relating to poblic affiiirt ; and if in fntsre tbe shall hear of any thing that 
nay probably iojare the town, diey aaay depend open her giving informatlmi. 

ijr. W-^ was tent for and examined and foond gnilty of being concerned 
with Capt. P-^t in thipping fith from the Itle of Shoalt to the Wett In- 
diet : Therefore, Votedt That Mn W— be ordered to go to the General 
Cnort« by land, at the tame time with Capt. P— — • and upon the taroeoccation. 

Sent for Mr. P~, and, upon examination, foond him clear of being coo- 
earned in thipping the above fish. 

Voted, That Mettrt. Motet Plnmer, John Bagley and Wm. McUUan be a 
committee to Inspect inward and ontward boond vettclt* 

Meeting adionmed to the hooae of Enoch Moody on Taetdaj^^xt, at 5 

o'clock, P.M. ^ ^ , -«. 

Met, andadjonmed to Thnrtday, 11 o'clock, aft the tame place. Then a 
letter wat ditpacehed to the General Conrt, concerning — — — « and -•— — — , 
wh» were thit day ordered to go there under thecare of Mr. John Tbrather, who 
liat a warrrant for that porpose. 

Vtitd^ That if -Mr. John Thrather doet not proceed at above, that a w arrant 
b»iitoedto CaptfJoteiiliNoyet, to convey the above —and— to the 
Gaaeral Conrt. 

Octeter 3d. . The committee met at the detire of Mr, Samael LongfeUow* 
Hhoon hit pataage to the Wett Indict, met with a gale of wind, damaged hit 
vettd, and lost part of hltdeck-load, and askt leave to re-load hit vcttcl. and 
proceedon Ida voyage. Then 

nttdt That lie beiiot permitted to take a»y more loatog 00 board. 

DeacottTltcmnb and Mr. Enoch Ibley applied for leave to tend a tloopoa a 
whtflng voyage. The committee voted that it wAt not io Umr power. 

To thcw farther what kind of government existed at that time, i weain wm 

thefoltowiog: 

4 

At a maetiog of a mimber of gentlemen, from the teveral towna, at Cofc 
ty Dg't house, Col. Jona. MUcheU choten Moderator, P. Jeoea Cttra. 



St 



dt'^bitte ikkjn piftt^ than itoaa be ecqwctad comoKm ftme 
gireyou: — 

liMl T nHiBy moraiskg^ Lieut CoL Thompson,* of Brunswick, 
with about 50 amied men, witb each a small bough of spruce 
in kit lMil|^'«ad Inving-a spruce pole, with the green top on it 
Ar a standard; landed on the back part of our neck, at a place 
called Sandy Point, where there is a groye of thick trees. In 
tbat place t(iey Hevmiknowtt to the people of the town, seizing 
and detaining several perspn^ tbajt happened to pass that way, 
till about 1 o^clock, when Capt Mowat, the Surgeon of his ship, 
and .the Rev* Mr. Wiswal, taking a walk that way for their pleas- 
ure, were seized and made prisoners. Ab soon as the master of 
the ship (one HGgg)i heard of it; he wrote to Cd. Freeman, that 
if Capt. Mowat and the other prisoners were not delivered up 
in an hour or two (Fdo not certainly know the time] he would 
bky the town In a8bes.-^You can hardly conceive the consterna- 
tion, confusion and uproar that immediately ensued. Our worn-* 
en -were, IbeUeve, every o.ne of them in tears, or praying or » 
screaming; precipitately leaving their houses; especially those * 
whose husbands, were not at home, aind widows ; hunying their > 



Mr. -Jamet Sallivim was chosen Commander in CStief over the Militia and 
the other companies now^n pay in the province* ' 
, Vftedt Th«t 4 persons be appointed to assist Mr. SuUivan. 

V»t0dt That Col. Mitclwli be second in command— Col. Fogt^ third-4>eacofl ' 
Titcomb, Major Noyes* 

Mr. Isaiah Tuplcer be commander to take care of ue camioo and see them !a 
•prder. 

Voted a committee to soppljr the soldiers. * 

Voted one person to supply the people, and Mr, Wm.Owea was chosen.' * 

K«*s4 a^persoa to collect wl^at Mis we can get. Mr* Bracket M^irstMi^ and 

F# to «oUect the 'baits'. 



*This Tliompson was a portly man, not ot a very ^all'srainre, bnt toraewbait 
foi|«iieott and appsirently of a robost constitadon ; rather fierce in appearance* 
but not supposed to be possessed of nnich real co«mge> Nature had fiuraiehed 
Wm -with strong mental powers, and a «apaoity which« if it.hai|been rightly 
directed and employed, might have rendered him a usefnl member of Society 
"^at his mind needed cultivation. 

He was wittyrin cunversation, and wonld often, when in the Honae of Rep* 
.reseotaiivcs, set in motion the risibles of Ms brother members. 

His religion was not of the purest kind— his political principles were demo> 
craticjor, as pwtics were then dittinguisbed, a sealws whig. 



i 

strangers ; and carrying theO; ohildreo^ either OQt of town, or 
I up to tiie touth end, according^ to the gretiter oar leas irritalnUtjF 

! ef tiieir nenres. Some persons bed rid, or in tdiiUibed, w^t% 

hastily removed, with no small danger of their (iVes- Seyeat 
gentiemea of the town; who coidd attend it, end I ammig t]»e 
reat, immediately repaired to Col. Thompson's camp; and. after 
•btaining leave of the advance guard, were pemutted to spei^ 
With him. We endeavored to persuade him. to deHvev.iip th^ 
pnseners, by all the rational ai|^mneiKfai.we eoidd tftiniM>f; .l>nl' 
lie appeared mflexiblie and even fmioita. Have aii4{$hej^ 090 
in the town (none butTories howevfer) we^nt.tol^A>r iJMOiiiqr 
the prisoners by onr nnlitia ; but the general ywi^.P^ the ^feowii 
was to observe a strict nfiutralily, excepti8g>.KBI?ilWYi^.J^ 
Bigiunents. 

CoL piunney, of Goiham, colonel of Ihe minute men, beings 
in town, and fearing a rescue, or for sonie other reason, aent oiiC ' 
£>r l^s nien, I suppose without as^iig the advice of any body i 
and soon, afterwards sent word that they need not come intd 
tofm. Nigl^t w^ coming on,^and the weather cool and windy; 
which epd^g^red the health of some of the gentlemen, at leasC 
in the.ope^ field. It. was therefore agreed by Col. Freemaii 
and fiis fi^^isers, at tJ!\e desir^ of Mbwat and by the free consent 
pfThp^P^on, that the company of Cadets should escort thepar^ 
ty and i^e prsonei? tf>Mr, Marston's, in order that a consulta^ 
tibiLmight^be furthfir held there. The two companies remain* 
ed, embodied he^^ the door. Col. Thompson remained unwil« 
}ipg to deliver up tfae.pnsoners, insisting much that Divine Prov- 
id^nqe Jiad thrpwn them into his hands, and that it was open and 
settled war betweep the Colonies aiid Britain. But he was 
more and more convinced that the whole force of the town 
was against him, and found himself disappointed ^of a rein^ 
forcement that Jie expected to meet him here ; so that by ^ut ; 
9 o'clock in the evening he was jmy^ .cooled : and |)ie pxiaonr 
era givingtheir parole, lihat they wouMuMiverth^ia^yes i^ 
his bands at nine, the next morning, Gten^srsl Prpble -^d Cplo* 



S4 

ikl Freaafta pledg^fbemwlvw for tiMm, he coBBenteS to set 
them ftt liberfy. Upon which Mowat, haying^ expressed lus 
fratibide to tiie town in strong^ tenns, went aboard, and dismis- 
ied a nnmherof our people, whom the master had, during the 
afternoon, caught in boats, add made prisoners. But when CoL 
Thompson's men found that he had giren Mowat his liberty, 
thej were hard to pacify. Not only CoL Phinney's minute men, 
hat most of the militia from Gorfaam, -Bcarborou|^, Cape EUe*- 
beth and Stroudwater, iik the whole,- amounting, it is said, to 
600, came into town before moriiing,* hi^y enraged at C^it* 
Mowafs being dismissed^ and seemiilgly deteffirined €o destroy-' 
his ship, Wednesday morning, whenit wairtinmd that Mowat* 
would notdeHver lumself up, the army took*tdid-idade pritonersf 
of Gen« Preble i^ CoL Freejnan, threatening to treat • them 
in the same manner as they would treat Mowat, if they had him* 
Even their children were not pennitted to speak with them, 
and 4hey had no dinner that day. All the' oftceM' of ^ Com^ 
penies tben-presont, agreed to resolve thelnselTSs into a com- - 
BBtlaeof War; and after some hesi^tibn they admitted the 
officers of our companies on the neck, into the coinii^ttee. tn 
which committee a vote w^s passed b^ a considerable majority, 
that Capt Mowat's ship ought tb^be destroyed* Ilithett^xt 
place, they appointed a conimittee out of tiieir number, to con* 
sider ift what manoer it should be done, 'this committee have 
not-yet Imported as I can find. But tbey have proceeded to call 
men before them who were suspected of being tones, to ques- 
tion them, to draw promises from them, and especially to draw 
money and provisions from them/ 'ttie tlev. Mr. Wiswal deliv- 
ered himseJf op veiy williAgly, add seemed rather impatient till 
they had him with thenr; saying to some that passed byhisr 
deor> he was'rtody to die at any time, as he knew he was in a 
llood eatise, 4lie cause of the church of England. 

The isdiatAilte^ interrogated him concerning his political 
principles. He declared an abhorrence of the doctrine of pas- 
sive obedience and mm-resistanee ; and that he thought Great 
Britain had no right to tax America inteniallyy but as to the 



^5 

^ate acts of Parliament, he had not examined them, ttid did net 

choose to g^ye his opinion concerning tiiem. 

Old Mr. Wyer had a file of men sent after him, who hoUBnif 
a pistol to his breast, forced him to ^ before the committee ; 
and when there, he was interrogated, whether he had said, ^ the 
militia ought to rescue capt Mowat ?'* to which he answered 
in the affirmatire. Also, whether he did not think it an impru- 
d^it speech? to which he answered, yes. Alsp, whether he 
were of the same mind now ? 'He answered, no, as matters are 
drcumstanced. Then whether ^^ wonld say any Ihing again 
against the body of men in * town. He said no. The commit- 
tee soon agreed <te dismiss him, and one^ them said he was not 
worth their notice. Ho thanked the gentlemen for tiieir ciril- 
ity, made^-low bow, and 'departed. Capt Steiiraxd called to the 
crowd befoee the ^Wtr^ to make way jfor Mr. Wyer, ^nd. toM 
them out of the window, the committee had dismissed him as 

. Qnwortby pf their notice. 

Capt Pote was fetched before the committee without middng 

any resistance, though he had made formidable preparatione to 

defend himself. It is reported that the committee made him givte 

them, for the benefit of thejbody, about £ 50 0« T/in cash and 

provisions, and that they have boiipd him in abondof £2000, t» 

appear at the Congress of the ProYince„ and give an acceiunt of 

himself to them. ^They taxed General Preble some barrels of 

teead and anumberof^sheeses; and twobarrelsofrum for each 

oompany then in town, which he readily g^re them, Wednes- 

^^ afternoon, in value about £lO, L. M. Wednesday evening, 

they made out a bill of£l58. L. M. against Preble and Free^ 

man, to satisfy the body for their time and trouble in the expe* 

•vdltion ; but I hear they have dropped that demand* 

Yesteiday morning they entered the house of Capt-Conlson^ ' 
and they use it as a barrack. The men made so'fuee witfaa 
barrel of N. R rum, which they found in the cellar, that some 
^ them were quite, and others almost drunken. 

Between meetings yesterday Calvin Lombard, being raised 
with liquor, went down to the water side and find a brace of 
balls at MowAT*s ihip, which penetrated deep in its aide. The 



96 

tf wiiM WWf fdfgwP a fqsec on boarJ, Imt li^h no aim to i» 
ezecutioii.— Capt Mowat iaunediately wrote to Col Froemaa 
todblMr ■p<^iMiii''aiid to ni«e tte Bfititia (o iSiBpel t/to mol 
fimtilke wmdhf^wi he called ftferia ; adBuriair ^^^ that otlkOi^ 
Hiielil^ illdMrlM updii Ihe town. !ISi» 1hre# the town' a^^aki 
mb afttoie ; btttf^tb^ notwilhst&iiflii^jf, afi^t^ idtmentliv 
ift^^^ftei^iooii. 

Yesterflay iK^'hmiled Captain iboiilson^ boat up to ti^ 
Wbere it remaiaed till just now, diree <piajrtera after twelret 
when near a hundred men hauled it up tbnwgh the streetB and 
intoCapt BBarM>n\tNLcklot,downafaiiost toihe Cove* Itii 
rtoported Hist'Mbwat Bent word, or wirotoonabdre lart^v^eiiiag^ 
that he had bbegfat that b6kt of Cottlm/and|Nddleir it,Bi»d thad 
tfit wero not iVtiMed^ lmltte&Xi%j or ^^leeifily} h'e^#oidd'fiNr 
upon the tott^- He dduVtiete aaw it liAuled^nhir jtist now; 
but he has not fired as yet, andhere i 4t' writittsf atn^ deilk' in 
the old iflaoe; h«^ fB%xoiiTinced fbat Mowift^nM? nfill'ilre 
vpoB'lte town, inf aiiy^a>e w fa g t ever; My houtril t^m^ill* 
to'«]dildofham«)k; SevmdhaTVVnwr^'heddl^andotiier 
foodri into it WeTare fu&af nigliti. 

. I dont know why people diink tiiems^Wes so ntfe here> uxilem 
it be because my wife Is not yet much affrighted. 

This mormng the Committee sent to' Deacon Titfcomb M 
lOOlbs of bread, who returned for answer, that he had no breads 
but what he wanted for himself; but if 0iie company wotdd gd^ 
outof town,- immediately he would giT« itthem» CoL Finnejr 
{HTomised that he would do his iitmQst endeav'owr to g^t than o«t 
of town to day : therefore the bread was^divered* 

*obadc«ove,'aEnd left it with thb farmer. The boat tfekm^ «• 
ibtm.^ Th^hav'e this da^ caifded c^llifo. Tyh^^^ Kshqsmf 
piece of plate said to be worth 500 O. T. and hta laoed hut; bM 
they say they only take 4hfBBe things aa pawns to make the own* 
^rs behaye better, or -to that purpose* 



37 

tkat f«QMtii6d here suipe Wedn e sday eTeiiio|:» excqpti&l^ 

Tl^ompson, are now gone out of town, being ^iged and coax 
ed to it, by C^ol. Fbioney. 
: The tow n thinks itself greatly relieyed by it 
. These companies paid, no r^g^ard to the Faet yesterday. I 
cannot find that any of them attended pubiic worship, except 
one : nor any one of their officers except C!ol. Phi&Bc^.' He' 
was sent for tai1>ackt;oye by Col. Mitchell and CoL Merrill, 
who were vexed at the proceedings of the armament^ and came 
to give advice* But Thompson would not wait on his senior. 

The soldiery thought nothing too bad to say of the Fabnouth 
gentry. Some of them were heard to^say as 4hey walked the 
streets yesterday, ^ This townought to be laid in ashes.'' I find 
Hke plan was concerted beforehand on purpose to humble Fal- 
inouth, for its arrogance in sending a message to Thompson 
iast week, to dissuade him from coming to take the ships. He 
<hen wrote to CoL Freeman that he had whoUy laid aside his 
design ; and being reminded of it, his answer was *' there is 
policy in war.** 

Saturday i A. JIf.— -Thompson is not gone as we supposed last 
night. The shjip has sent out a little vessel with a swivel to 
interriq[>t him. Jf hebad^gonelast night, ke would have been 
destroyed. 

Tour friend and ^senahif 



P. S.~B6ing disappointed last Saturday ofeending the above, 
I am now able to add something more.^— Capt Mowat sent a 
fetter to the town on Saturday, informing them that he had 
ftesml that Fort Guns were going to "be brought in and replac- 
ed, in order to destf^ his ship ; and demanding Of the town to 
iretum- kis boats and drive out of town liie cbtrardiy Inob that 
was here. The selectmen warned a town meeting, to meet ttt 
S o'clock Monday momiqg. They met accordingly, and gat^ 
fflowat such an answer as pleased him. ** That'the town disap- 
piDved of the proceedings oTihe aimed body, 1)ut that we were 
unable to resist tiienu'' 

TheKev. Mr. Wiswal went on board ship on Saturday ; and 
Sabbath momii^ sent to bis Wardens (hat he should not preach 

s 



3d 

in the Chiinii;%iit thafthey iiiight atmeoiiilteudtf teyplett- 
ed ailld beicr bioL-^iNone went. ' Soni^ say he has taken a ibal 
leave of his people : bow it is, I cannotyet ind ()ttt Jlis fVun- 
ily remains herei am} hela^gviie 40 PortsBioatli, so«e aay and 
Ihinkto ^ei hUnself a iseittesieiit^thefe. His peopieseeflsto be 
vnirenally^set agaiost |litt^^except a ierw high Tsaies,aiid wnAk 
aerer to^see his fiude aB^-more- 

, TesteDX^<Mo>irs(ti»iM^Mp(B end ^t^ 

l^artsmontJL 



. mi ' u ^ I 

"BX7RACTS 
IVam erighialletten^^Miiittei^at Fal^n^, in dieyear ITTS^ by 
tbeCbi^nnanel 4be GomnUtee i^ Safety awi Inspection, to 
..the JUfffoseatalm - qI . Ibe^eud .town .at the Provincial Con- 



AP&iL 12, 1775. 
Last nigbt webad aXetter from the Committee at Boston, 
wherein tiiey say they should be extremely aneasy to find any 
omission of duty ^^ in behalf of this Province and the other coIo* 
'< nies, as iflve^'eyes of the iHkde oontincntare«pon us. The 
«t tods of pow«r wish for an opportimity to chaige us with neg- 
•<ligonoe,.aQd.ar0 wtaV^ing &rit,to make a diyiflaanibetween 
«* this Province and the other Colonies. We therefore again 
<^ recommend tp^ you, as our 'firm o^anion, that you conform 
**stnctly and religipusly to the association of the Continental 
** .Congress, in every reqpect, viiihout favour or-affee fien 1o miy 
^^jperfonsfihaUver. We are , of opinion, to suspend 4be pubHca- 
«Vtion of your Xtesolves n^specting Capt Coul^n, tiU we hear 
*< from you whether he has pqmplied with the request of t]be 
" Committee, cenfenofihle to the Resolutionv of the Continental 
*l Congress.*' Coubo^Ao 9S)9^T arrived, i>ut the next day had 
the Canso MaAof W^ up to tQwn, and his old Bristol sloop a-^ 
long .side Qf his new ship, taj^ng out the goods. But it seems he 
cannot get any of our people to help him, and I do n6t think ho 
will be afol^ to get his ship loaded and rigged, unless he g^ts the 
man of war's men to do it And I hear that capt Mbwat has. 
been pressing men ;. some he releases, and some retainsk A&d. 
H ra suggested by some, that his design is, to supply capt. GoiiU 
son with menfxom hisewnship^ We shall do aH we can t2> pr&- 



J 



S9 

YftntttOf otorpenott from brealdiig I3i« w^BOftMon* lionoi 
think it will be amiss for you to acquaint some of the Commit, 
tee of Inspection in Boston, of Capt. Coulson's conduct if^th. 
which the people in general, in town, and country, are very 
qauch roiled* 

We rejoice in your xeal and firmness, in so trying a time a? 
ij)is> and we pr^y God to support you in so good a cause as Ibe^ 
preserration of our libeirtiet» ciril and religious. 

APBil*26) 1775. 
Out people -am ttoviag out thei r ps^t Mi o na , -w a^a o mxi rknbk 
lies. The peopto are>aqppndieiisiTe of the sfalpi C^pt IMbwirtf 
and some lenders whot^haire lieea to Fanoheeoty «ii4lNroiq^ aif 
way the guns ffom'lhere. We arei»a sad'pljglil^te waul of 
powder though* we haire enough to iestone^.hniihr Our people, 
are full of fire. I wish they may hare conduct as well as oour< 
age. 

HA? 5, 1775. 

You have done well in writuig so ^muph to me and the Se» 
lectmen, of whom I am one. 

It has been the principal intelUgepce-we harf receired since 
the wicked excursion of the Banditti sent out by Gage .to rob 
and murder our people. - 

Intelligence is. looked for chiefly from the camp and rouqd it.. 
From these outskirts, litUe can be expected but hmiour and re- 
portsr-jseven eighths of them without the least foundation. We 
hare lately heard tbat the Penobscot Indians are highly exas^ 
perated at Capt. Goldthwait for sufiering the tender to disman- 
tle the fort there, and carrying the powder and stopping the 
rich trade, and that a number of men were going to take him for 
deUrering^ up the fort . 

Perhaps it would be prudent for the Congress to send down 
and secure the Indians in our interest. . 

We, the selectmen, have this moment agreed with one Jabez 
Matthews and one Darid Dinsmore of New Gloucester to go over 
to Quebec to make discoveiy, whether any Canadians are in 
motioH to come on our back settlements or to excite the Indians 
to do it— and I hare written to Mr. RemiBgto;i Hobby of Vas- 



40 

* « • • 

^borbi%h' to ptdeiiie one or two more to ^o with' them aa hun- 
ters. They are chained to he caotiout not to let the Canadians 
hare reason wmuch'ai to lu^ct their hutiness. 

MAT 10, 1775* 
. We are in eonfbrionf though CoL Thompson wrote us he had 
hod aside the scheme of comings here to take the ship Canso, yet 
lie appeared yesterday mornings on the back of the neck» *** 
(See v^ge. 33) I cant help thinking but that it is a rery impra> 
dent action and lear it will bring on the distruction of the town* 
ftr we can make no deAsuce against a main of war and undoubt- 
edly, in a short time there wont be a house stan^ng here. Piaj- 
let Congress be infiplmed of this affinrand let us know whether 
Thonqpsoii had such otders— atnd pray the Congress to give us ~ 
etnae directMOite we are ki such confaaion, nobody seems, to 
he rational* 

OCAT 11, 

The letter of this ^te contains an account of Thompson's 
^ar so called, [See page 30] tiie following particulars only may 
be added thereto, yiz. 

That Brigadier Ptteble and Col. Freeman wrote to Capt. 
Mowat by Mr. I^igan, of the situation they were in, owing to' 
his forfeiting his word and honor, and that their liyes and estates 
lay at stake. (Indeed Thompson's men talked of carrying them 
on the neck and shooting them— but he wrote for answer that 
he had' sent on shore that morning some clothes to be washed 
and bring off some clean ones, and that some of the men had 
threatened the messenger that they would cut hfm in pieces, and 
that if he came on diore he should be shot and never come on 
board again alire— so that he did not care to come on shore un» 
less he. could be of service to accommodate matters. Whereup- 
on their grand committee sent for them into their chamber which 
they oould hardly get into, for tiie guards in thO entry— and ac- 
quainted them that they wanted refreshment, and if they would 
supply them (337 men) they might go home, which they did at 
the cost of £100, O. T. They also called on capt. Pote and Mr» 
Dsley to contribute, and got as much from them. Some orthem' 
were for making farther demands, saying tibey had not psIS 



41 

enoiigh, but their officers did not approve of it, however they 
insisted upon it— What ! says Col. Phinnej, wont yon be gor- 
ernedby your officers! We have obeyed themkmg^ enough 
they ssdd, considering li^at we hare got by it. Well, sajrs Phin- 
ney, if that's the case, I have done. However, they Would hacre 
a vote for it, and Col. Thompson was gmng to put it. Mr* 
Frothingham standing by, 'said to CoL Thoinpsoii*—Put the q/amh 
tion, whetiber they will leave it to their officers to determine ; 
whidi be did, and it passed in ^le lAmative) except a Aw, one 
at two of which cried of vexation, at the officers detenainini^ 
against tiieir motion. 
' ^Ctood God ! give us aregnla3r|;ovemBient or we are imdone.* 

•MAT 13, aATTTEDAT* 

Oapt Mowat lias written two letters to the people of this 
town, demanding of tixem the man that fired at the diip— the 
boats they had taken-— and assurance that there is no cannon 
coming ont of tfie comtry, to be used against his shBp» as he 
says they have-reported to him ; and deohures tiiat the monanl 
a shot of any kind shall be fired from tiie town, oruny ptrt^ 
the shore, either upon the ship or boats bekmging to her, he 
flliall considisr Falmouth in -a state of open rebellion, and there- 
upon shall give proper sigmdi befine he fires, and not SMve tir 
ship till he has it in writing from the town that no.mc^ des%n 
is intendied ; and next Monday Hat ^own meet to give answer to 
his letters. I have only time to say that the gentlemen at ISbrth 
Tannonlh highly disapprove of Thompson's attempt to take^lte 
Canso. Col. Mitchel andSsq. Powell do noS like theicond^ct 
of some of our people, *** and **** who have got a nvnber 
of 'listing papers* o^ amoK the office {jlCoksm^ and nnpoiat 
tii^ownofficexs, Captains, Adjutants, &c» ,.,. 

. 1 musi new conclndey and say— God, giant that eider, nm^ 
come out of confusion, and that the ikmfnm would g|vi\ such 
directions in all parts of the Proving thatnosu^-tum^i^sous 
assemblies may be seen, heard or felt 9g9m^ wjihtRut ahiMb^ 
without proper, anthcsity, without rule or orde|^tb^> our 
fivesand propertiea mayaot.lieiit theipercy; of suchmonas 
Vf^m^m, S—- , and J-^ Br-— and the rost, as bi4«r ini|«»* 

C3 



42 . 

MAT 16, 1775. 
The letter of this date gires ^df accoimt of the '^ storing"^ by 
Capt B — J as he termed it (L e. throwinf into the river) a Gun?' ^ 
delo, of (the sweeping of) some Coal, taken from a brig Grom 
Ireland, where it was taken for ballast— -while the subject was 
imder consideration of the committee. 

MAY 24. 

You have informed me that the last Provincial Congress did 
me the honour to choose me one of the Committee of Safoty for 
the Province ***» I would cheerfully attend that service, 
without delay, but at present I can't possibly go up * * * *. My 
time is so taken up on one public affair and another, that I am 
obliged to neglect my own business, to my great damage. The 
trouble and difficulty of getting a quorum of the committee to* 
gether, throws the whole burden, in a manner, upon me. 

I heard, toniay , that lately there were a number of Indians up 
Androscoggin river, consulting what side to take, but could not 
agree among tbemselrps. 

A man from Deer Island, near Penobscot, gives a melancholy 
iy account of the distress the people are in that way, for the want 
of bread, owing to the stoppage of trade : he heard that several 
childi^n had died of hunger. What will become of them God . 
only knows. W« are not able to help them or ourselves. 

Our Committee of Correspondence has just voted an applica- 
tion to Congress, praying that the regiment raised here might 
be stationed among us, for our defence. t 

, MAt 30. • 

The letter of this date gives an account of two men, who were ' 
convicted before Stej^en Longfellow, Esq. of a breach of the 
pi^tf^e, and finM— -but refusing to comply with the sentence, 
wei!e with much difficulty imprisotted—-and adds, > 

. ^* It is escpftcted they will, notvrithstanding, be taken out of 
Goal, by force, by the people of — — , where they belong-— . 
and I cannot help thinking it in a great measure owing to CoL 
Thompson's maocsuvre, as it seems to be their common opinion . 
that there is no law." 



43 

■JWZ 4, 1776. 

Capt John Cox, from Boston, brings us an account of a 
battle at Noddle's Island. He says the sloop near Winnisimit, 
that had the first brush, cut or slipped her cables, and came 
and fastened to his stem* He was shocked to see the blood 
running out of the Skuppers. There were a number dead 
and wounded on deck, but they did not seem to be willing to 
g^ye an account howmany. ♦ * * * They were much frighted. 

From the general down to the common soldier afraid to go to 
bed for fear of the Yankees. They seemed all to be in a panic. 

JUNE 8. 

The ship Senegal, Capt Duddington, arrived yesterday, and 
lies down by Preble's Island. She is a sloop of about 16 guns. 
Hope •she has no design of annoying us. Sheep and Cattle are 
most in danger. 

The man that committed a rape at North Yarmouth, cut his 
throat this afternoon, and died. 

JUNE 13. 

I think I wrote you, in my last, that the Senegal was arrived. 
I then supposed the design was to plunder the Islands and shores, 
and perhaps it wiU be so, but to my great surprise yesterday 
morning, that arch — ^- Coulson arrived with his new ship, and 
stopped below, near the Senegal. Upon sight of him, the blood 
of the people grew hot — the committee met— the people began 
to get his masts, &c. afloat, to carry them out of his way, and 
the committee advised them to secure the masts that Coulson 
had here to load with, and his effects not to be carried off, but 
reserved towards making good the damage he and such as he had 
occasioned this country.— About 11 o'clock, Dr. CoflSn, [a sister 
of whom was the wife of capt. Coulson] h ad leave to go on board, ' 
and soon returned with two letters, one from Capt. Coulson and 
the other from Mr. Tyng, who came with him. Coirfson endeav« 
ored to excuse his conduct, and begged he might take in his 
cargo, for Mr. Garnet's sake — but more heartily that his wife 
might have liberty to go on board. 

Mr. Tyng, said the reason he did not come on shore as sooii 
as he arrived, was because he wa^ afraid it would create some 



44 

ime«aiMMt» and therefore sent for his wife on board : on fHiich 
Mr. Tjng and Mrs. Coulscm got John Barnard's men to set 
tiiem on booidsbnt before they g^ot to Preble's wharf (from Tyng's)^ 
they were atqpped and turned back—- the people choosing 
to h«ye jeme assaraace from Capt Duddington that he came 
peaceably without any intention to coiQmit hostilities before they 
snfiieocfid jLheir wives to go to them : whereupon Doct Coffin was 
iwnmlted to go on board again, which produced a letter from 
Capt Duddington to T^ng fc Coulson in answer to theirs to him 
on the subject, wherein he writes thus : ^ I am rery sony tiiat 
the arriral of his Majesty's sloop Senegal under my command 
abould prore any wise detrimental to yours or any persons in* 
terest, or that the peojde of Falmouth should put such a vague 
construction upon the orders I have to govern me, which are 
solely, to protect the property and person of his Majesty's &i1h- 
fttl subjects, not to distress them, and this I am fully determined 
religiously to observe." 

Whereupon the committee wrote to them that their wives' 
might go on board provided they would be content to remain on 
board till the ship sailed, which being agreed to by their answer 
they had a permit to go on board Coulson's ship,, and to carry 
with them necessary bedding, &c. : but could not consent that 
Coulson should carry off Ms masts, &c. : as he is a declared ene- 
my and has put this town to a great deal of chaige and trouble ; 
but that the people have stopped them towards refunding the 
chaige agreeable to a resolve of Congress. The men enlisted 
are on duty watching the Islands and shores, &c 

The new post rider came here last Saturday before night with 
the m^ containing a packet of letters for me. The people here 
seem to be wbU pleased at your care and endeavour to inform us 
80 often of the most material intelligence in tiiisday of expecta- 
tion, jouwill^tiU go <m to gratify your constituents. 

JvNX 14^ 1775. 

Lane is returned here from Penobscot, with four Indian Chieft, 
Orono, Joseph Pearse, Poreris and one more bound up to the 
Congre89--<Orono seems to be a sensible, serious man, and a 
hearty friend. I cant help thinking but ^at they should be weU 



4s 

treated, justice cfone th^on respectiing^ tbeir lands; &)c. aiiid cai^ 
taken that they are properly supplied with such things as shall- 
enable them to get their living in their own way, by which they^ 
may be now and forever secured to the interest of this country.^ 
We have had a conference with them, and they chose to re« 
serve what they bad to say till they got to the grand council o# 
the Province. We have piY>vided a chaise to carry them to Ports* 
mouth andmoney to Lahe for their expences. * * * One M^; 
Oilman is their interpreter who speaks their tongue freely, an^ 
seems to be a clever young man. ^ * ^ We wished them ahap^ 
py journey and a happy agreement with the council. 

JUNE 15, 1775.' * 
' I would only mention, one affair that confirms me in my opin- 
ion that iHiatever men are- stationed here (and it is really neceen' 
sary there should be) they ought to be under the government an^ 
direction of somebody besides themselves, ibr Mr. Thomas Smittk 
told me yesterday that Col. Phinney wanted 4 or 5 barrels ofv 
Pork, and he upon Gdl. Phinney's telling him the Province 
would pay as soon as the Roll was made up, let him. mark 4 bar-* 
vels, and that afterwards Capt Stuardxame and demanded the 
Fork in such a rough and abusive manner that he was afraid 
to refuse him any thing, if he was to demand all he had. 

JUNE 26. • 
' Coulson's boat and five men wexit up to Presumpsoot Bridge* 
with their arms ; they said they went for water, but the people at 
New Casco thought they went for timber mast8,&c* if they could 
find any for loading the ship. * * i< They seized the boat, men^ 
and three guns and kept them under guard till next day, ,wheii' 
Capt. Samuel Noyeswrotemeof it as chairman of the commit- 
tee, who immediately n^et,.and by their order I wrote Noyes to,, 
keep them till further orders.— Coulson wanted his men. We 
wanted Coulson gone, that we might have a little peace and 
quiet. He. sent to the committee. The committee gave him 
to understand that if he would give them assurance of his leav- 
ing the port, he might have his boat and men, but the guns must 
be kept to pay the charge of keeping his men at New Cascp, &Cp 
and accordingly wi»te to Capt. Noyes^ to let the men and boat . 



4«. 

go a^ aMO ftS'the ftliip wai under sail; ftad'goiaif Qotof tiMbso^ 
bour,.Capt^ Sl?iart andliis mem went to New Casoo. . Maj^ 
BffoifQ^.(|]so irom N. Yarmoutii, azid Capt 8aianel Noyea, bb^ 
their men : and fV9 mdentciod tiiat fiieif kad coii8ide>ed'the<mat« 
tei^aiid UKraght tke beat o«ig))t not to^ g9» so on Satuiday Cv^U 
Stuagplr brougbt themmi to toym and left tke- bpat fre» behind i 
carried the men ta Mam^beaV ^nd sent tp: m» as ohaumas^ 
of the Committee to mipply theiO; wilh proviiioDB^but I tol4 
Stuart as they had stopped the. boat and giina which wem 
net cbai«eable keepings he imght keei^ the mei^fauposeif t siac% 
they had no repaid t» the oommittoe's^Tioe 1 wcHdd haTie notth> 
ing ta do with the. men, and I hear they were di3mi89ed and went 
on board the d^pe^ last Sata«day.evemng^ bat whethev CosilaDii 
wiU> get hislxiat or. Dot, I eaa^t eajF.' I an^ afraid hacaatsai^ 
withool il^havingine'ottkersv.for €<d. ThampseaV sMngr- toeMuHi 
other two boats -tf^agr* But enough olthisk: 

Mr. Jabez^MattiMWB-ls vetmmed from Csaada and has givefli 
mfr a Terba} accoimt of bis lawrel - and. the vo^gii - reception of 
some of: the Canada: Indians and some. FMttich bail&} &o< i an^ 
that had it not been 'for tiie^^ood dispeaition oCthefrenCfaf people$i 
espec»aUy the* women^.he believea faesmd the three mea tba^ 
went with him would ha^e beea:coilibied'in:g5i^ and not^^^G^ 
back agaia at all : three men who went from Kennebeck about 
ar fortnight befone ^hsm have^ not been heard ^o£ since. Mr. 
Matthews says that, from what he could learn from- arcIeFer fci» 
Ibw ndKO' interpreted lor himytherFreBch people are deterguned! 
not'to come, out against us. As' I' found it was.impossible>to giv^ 
a full and pesfeet ideft of hi»acoou&t in writing I have ^ent: hint 
up to the CoDgrees to gitreaa account bimsc^.. 

AN ACCOUNT 

Of the destruction or bumiing of the town of Falmouth, on the 
ISth of October, 1775.* 

witlMut- 'VMiatiMf ^vribin a-tli^s^k mord, ; ene4«. » The CoiitiMntaU|««Mialr 
and Weekly' Advertiser," of SepUmber i3, 1 776, published In Boston, by John. 
Gill. It is introdaccdasfblloits: ^Tbefoltowin^ accoanC of -the destmtttcSii'' 
ofthe towft afMLMOVTKi on ibe iSfib^TOvtoter^ vfrfi^ tmSMMtttvVftMvf/* 



jteas^aninhalHtaiit ttid trader in ^s^omr, uBpertUd from €h«at 
Britian, a quantity of soils atid ng^^og^ : He immedisilely -apfitM 
id the committee ofinspectidn ^ le^te fo* 4M them, -in fnrepoiv 
ing aduphefaadlaiiiiclied !for her voyage <o !Eiiglftiid. The 
committee jiidged iiwoald heti iircMbctflhe Con^aeHtd'Asw* 
ciatioD, and refined to give- him liherty, though* theififaOti^t 
the case was haitl, and would gladly hare cdiiBtraed tiietaso* 
ciationin his farour ; 'btit he grew ^asdlgrji tM htAe defiuiee to 
oommittees and congresses. ' flmreyer; ' litiider the ^teteisce of 
i^oing to the Frovincial Congress for iiBare to rig, he Vent.-and 
obtained the Canceau, Capt Mowatt, nA&th lurrired about 'the 
beginning of April, and' nnder her protection irigged bw new 
ibip. 

Oq. the ninth^i^ of May, Capt. Mowat fell into the hands of 
lieut Col..TiftQ»psaiiMid€ioiykppoy, * who b»dlalnin wait for him; 
bat, by the earnest solicitation of some g^ffUi^meii aiumg ii9, «9 
the Aayy of. Biitai^ ibiad* net ^itti nommeoced ^u^ hostilities 
a|gianst any part of the emrttneandti ^•ad iss we e^iecM several 
provision v ess dB uto avn«e800By«Rhichiwestoedrsn^re«l need of 
lie was pMsuaded to set him- at iiiberty, liiesaUd Mowsft^i^roBiis- 
sag 4)0 delirerhHaisetf'ilq^'^'iie:^4]a9r|«fai«ta^^eiius»he-^ 



flumel aad Ebf neser Hall^ prteteri »t JGambridgef- •oraetlne in JtaMary lastf 
|yi order fep lie Inserted in tKeir paper f hot eooa after «n6 of the printers dyiflg^ 
^nd theoiher being confined a lODf time^ ekknen^ it could not have a ^laoe 
In that paper at wa* intended ; and haVing been mislaid ever lince* w^m the rea- 
•OQ of its not making Its npp^arancc before now. It being of iteporunc^ to the 
nnhappy«arer«rs of that town, that the world tboold-lm'Biidtfabfttalntied^ifitfcr 
% <rae state of that inhnmsn act* it is now giaa^ to«he pnUie* 

-ne ether {» a ** fttpplement to tbe-Castem ■ Arem^'-^piiMiiAtd it Fdnlaod* 
]lMremberai,i82o,iRtrQdBeedthnii •* IkeJbllowias Account oftheideMraot^on 
o/ Falmouth, now Portland, is taken frofl» tV« Remembrancer, published in 
I^oodon daring the war of oar Indepeiidertte. A 'complete set tn 1 7 vols, it now 
rsirely t6 be miet with in England ; add 'w«f Mtev'i^V tt leldo'ta in this coontry« 
A i^nitleM^arcb was late^ mado «o obad» tsr« copias abw> a d mae Jar a dia* 
tingnithod AmeHcaB scholar and statesaiao« and another for the I,ihi|i ry .of 
Oongrtss. 

lesiiet the dbe m onr pohtessiod, there Is a set in Bowdoio College Library/^ 

•See Page 3a. 



i 



Ihiflkpnper toJVitfL A^i^ or two ailer, without any aftottl 
•riiijiii7beHig> offered liiiD by the town, Capt Mowatt sent us 
fk letter, threatening to fire upon the town, if we would not by 
^NTCo expel jCol. Thompson and his company. Instead of re- 
garding it, the town treated CoL Thompson with ciyility, and 
his jnen were victualed at the expense of persons in this town, as 
long as they pleased to tarry with us ; the town expectiag as a 
consequence of it, for two or three dajrs to be canonaded: In 
which time the inhabitants were at great expense and trouble 
in vemoTing themselres and effects into the back settlements. 

Soon after this4)ne Mr. Crandall was taken into custody by 
Admiral jGreaves ; and after he was liberated, reported, that the 
Admiral enquired of him- whether Capt Coulson had loaded? 
To which he answered in the negatiye ; and that the Admiral 
then said, if that town prevents his loading, I unU lay it in ashes 
•r to tiiat purpose. This report was but little attended to at 
itie time, as the said Mr. Crandall was but little known in this 
place. But since the conilagpration we have obtained from him 
the following deposition. 

^ ** I Philip Ceandell, of Harpswell, in the county of Cum- 
berland, and province of Massachusetts Bay, being of law^vl 
ttgo»do testify and say, that sometime in the month of June 
last, I sailed from Harpswell for €alem, and upon my passage 
there, I was forcibly tak^i by an armed verael and earn- 
ed into Boston; and being in the presence of Admiral Greaves^ 
he asked me if such a man of war (he nained her, but I forgot 
her name, had arrived at Falmouth ? I answered that I heard 
■be bad. He then asked me if I thought she would be opposed 
by thejp^ple ? 1 replied I could not tell. He then asked me if 
Capt Coulson was loading at Falmouth ? I answered that I had 
beard he met with such opposition from the people as to prevent 
it. Upon which the Admiral said you jnay tell them, if they 
will not let him load, that I will send a ship or ships, -and beat 
the town down about their ears. I then iold the Admiral, that 
Capt Coulson's lielng' prevented loading was not owing to th^ 
inh abitants of FalmoadHiieck, but to the country .people. I de 
»ot remember that tiie Admiral made-nny reply, or said any 
thing further relative to Fahnouth or Capt Coulson. And fur- 
ther 1 the deponent say not PHIUP CRANDELL.'' 



Jnw 

Cvao£EX«4ifD 88- H^itpgwi^LX., 4^, 1, A. D. 1770. 

Then the above named PluUp Cxa&dell, personal^ jt^pgetaed 
iLQd made solemn oath to ^le trgth of jibe ^bpye deposjiUpn bgr 
bim subscribed, before me 

WlhUAM SYLVESTER, Jwt. Pads. 

Mr. Crandell's mistake in thinking' Capt. Coulson's bein^ 
prevented loading' was not owing to the inhabits^nts ofFahnouth. 
neck, will appear by and by. Capt Mowat, despairing as w(b 
suppose, of being able to protect Capt* Conkon, went away with 
him to Portsmouth. Capt. Coulson returned the 7th day of 
ilunein.his ship, together with the Senegal, Capt. Dudding'ton. 
The same day or the day following^ a party of the inhabitants of 
the neck, by the direction of the town^s c(»nmittee, and in com- 
pliance witii a resolve of the Provincial Congress, to prevent 
tories carrying their effects out of tiie country, seized a number 
of masts, which the said Coulson was just ready to take in, and 
towed them up a river, to a place wh^re neitiier Coulson ppr 
Duddington dared to go after Ihem* 

Nothing further happened that we can re(X)llect, that has any 
connection with the destruction of the town, excepting our 
generally obeying the authority of Cong^resses, untU Monday 
tiie 16th day of October last : When Capt Mowat, in the Can- 
ceau, with another larger ship, called the Cat, a large schooner 
and a small sloop, all armed vessels, arrived in our harbour, and 
Anchored down by the islands, a league from the town. As the 
town perceived it was Capt 'Mowat, by whom ihey were before 
ihreatened,^and knew him to have great reason to be bound in 
gra^titude to sever^ gentlemen in it, it was the less alarmed. 
But supposing him to be in quest of cattle and provisions, th^ 
oommittee sent the greater part of Capt Noyes's men, zxfA some 
cf Capt KnighCs to guard the islands, where there were larg^ 
stocks of cattle and quantities of hay. The next day, being 
Tuesday, we saw the fleet warping up towards the t6wn, as the 
wind did not favour them : And about 4 o'clock, P. M. they fin- 
tfaored in a line close to the town. Though the public has been 
told, thafCapt Mowett came ashore at this time, it is not true. 
He sent a messenger with a flag, who delivered the following 
letter: 



60 

CaNCXAU, FAUfOUTH, OcT- l«th, 1775. 
~<' After to many premeditated attacks on tbe legal preraga- 
tive of the best of sorereigns, after tiie repeated instances you 
kaye experienced in Britain's long forbearance of tiie rod of 
correction, and tbe manifest and paternal extension of Aer bands 
to embrace again and again, home been r^^arded as yain and 
nugatory ; and in place of a datiful and grateful return to your 
king and parent state, you have been guilty of the most unpar- 
donable rebellion, supported by the ambition of a «el of designing 
men, whose insidioys views have cruelly imposed on the credu^ 
lity of their fellow creatures ; and at last have brought tbe whole 
into the same dilemma ; which leads me to feel not a little the 
woes of the innocent of them in particular, from my baring it 
in orders to execute a just punishment on the town <^ Falmouth^ 
in the name of which authority, I preyiouriy warn you to re-^ 
more without delay, the human tpecie out of the said town, for 
which purpose I giye you tbe time of two hours, at the period of 
which a red pen^mt will be hoisted at the main top gallant mast 
bead, with a gun. But should your imprudence lead you to shew 
the least resistance, yon will in that case free me of that human- 
ity so strong^ pointed out in my orders, as well as in my incli- 
nation. I do also abaerve, that ail those who didona former oc- 
casion fy totheJdng's slapunder my coonmand for protection, 
that the same door is now open, to receire them. 

Tbe ol^r who will deliver this letter, I expect to return im- 
mediately unmolested* J am, &g. 

H. MOWETT. 

The town met immediately, anci appointed the honorable Jedr 
e£ah Preble, Esq.T>oct Nathaniel Coffin, and Mr. Robert Pa- 
gan, a Committee to wait upon.capt.'Mowett, to know of bim 
in general the meaiiing of his letter, and tbe reasons for the 
threatenings therein contained. The Committee acted accord* 
ingly, and hare testified as follows : 

Capt. Mowett informed .us, that his orders from the Admiral 
did not authorise him to. give any warning to. the inhabitants^ 
buit that th^ required him to come opposite the town .with all 
possible expedition, and there bom, sink and destiny-: and Hmt 
he had taken upon him to give this warning at the risk of fais 
commission* He further told us, that these orders did not res- 



pect this town only, but also all the &ea-port towns QppB the 
continent We then expostulated with him upon the seyerity of 
such orders, and entreated that, if possible, some method might 
be fallen upon to save the town ; or at least to give the inhstbi- 
tants an opportunity of removing some of their effects, &c. - UpN 
on which he said, if the inhabitants would, in the morning by S 
o'clock, deliver up four pieces of cannon, which were in th* 
town, with their arms in general, and ammunition, he would in 
that case do no hurt to the town, until he bad dispatched an^ex* 
preea to the Admiral, who, he did not doubt, would order him to 
nve the town. And as a token that his demand would be comr- 
plied wi^ he required that eight arms should be delivered up 
by 8 o'clock that evening, which should be the condition of the 
town's lieing safe till 8 o'clock next morning. We told him we 
were pretty certain these demands would not be complied with ; 
out that in discharge of the trust reposed in us, we must inform 
the town of his demands.— >Upon this we. went to the County 
House, and acquainted our constituents with the terms above 
mentioned, who disapproved of deliveAng up the cannon or their 
arms. Bnt that they might have an opportunity of removing 
the sick, with the women and children, and as many of their ef- 
fects as possible, they ordered the eight arms to be sent on 
board, and desired us to inform capt. Mowett, that the town 
would meet early in the morning, and send faim an answer by 8 
o'clock. The town accordingly met in the morning, and re- 
solved by no means to deliver up the cannon, or their arms, and 
sent us with this message ; at the same time desiring us to en* 
deayour to prolong the time on board as long as ppssible, that 
more effects might be removed. We went on board with this 
Biessage, and staid till half past 8 o'clock, when we were desired 
to go ashore, and capt. Mowett, at our request, g^ve.us half an 
hour longef to get out of the way ourselves : at the expiration 
of i^ioh time the firing upon the town began. 

Jedjediak Prkble, 
Robert Pagan, 
Natbaihel Coffxn. 



52 

It tras about 9 oMbdc on Wednesday* beings the 18tli of Go 
fober, fbat die i&rliig' began from all the above mentioned res- 
tels With all pdsi^ble briftkness, disehatging on erery part of the 
tbwiiL, which lay on a regular decent towards the harbor, ati 
horrible' Shower of balls from three ia nine p^tmds weight, 
bombs, carcasses, lire shells, g^rape shot and mtUfket balls. Thti 
£ring lasted without many minutes cessation, until about sii: 
o^ilock, p. It. during which time sereral parties came ashore ai«l 
set bttildingfs on fire by hand. Parties of our people and others 
from the iie%hboiing towns, nm down to oppose them, and it is 
thought killed serer^. One oMcer after he fell was stripped of 
U neat pair of pistols, his flask and cockade. Through the good** 
ness of God no life was lost on our side, and only one man wound- 
ed, riz. Mr. Reuben Ctoi^h of this town, Had no opposition 
been made, we do not believe they would hare left one building 
Standing : and more opposition would hare been made, had not 
the people's attention been taken up in securing their effects. 
Besides, it was rery unfortunate that our companies of sea-coast 
men were put under the direction of a Committee ; for they did 
not, and we suppose codid not, get together in the hurry of aP- 
fairs ; and therefore could give no authoratire directions. 

As near as we can judg^ about three quarters of the buildings, 
reckoning according to their ralue, are consumed, consisting of 
about 130 dwelling houses, many of which held two or three 
families apiece ; besides bams, and almost erery store and 
warehouse in town. 8t. Paul's Church, a large new building 
with the bell ; a rery elegant and costly new Court House, not 
^uite finished ; a fine Engine, almost new ; the old Town House, 
and the Public Library were all consumed. But one or two 
wharves hare escaped the flames ; and every ressel in the har- 
bour of any considerable bigness was burnt, excepting two, 
which the enemy carried away with them. The warmng giren 
was so short, that but few teams could be procured to remore 
the goods out* Much was carried out by hand. But as far as we 
can learn, not much more than half of the moreables were sa- 
red out of the buildings that were burnt. All the compact part 
of the town is gone ; and among the hundred dweUing houses 



JS3 

that are standing tbere are but lew good baddiags, and tbo^ 
damaged with balls passing tbrangh them^ or bombs bursting. 
They are mostly the refuge of the town, and their owners do net 
generally inhabit them, aswe are apprehensire our enemies wiH 
soon endeavour to seize -so fine a harbour as ours, and-to possess 
themselres of so adrantageous a post as 4fae remarkable «nii*> 
nence on our neck. 

Our hearts adie to the misery in which a great part of our 
j)eople are involred. The most were greatly impoverished be- 
ibre the final catastrophe, by the decay of navi^tion andtrade^ 
which were ouf sole means of snpport. So many have lost a part 
or the whole of their substance, that we coi^ecture not less than 
a hundred families must have suffered for want of necessaries, 
unless relieved by charity. The settlements back of us are new 
an^ but little cultivated. The inhabitants are mostfy poor, and 
have never yet been able to ratse^tfaciir pwB'bread» so-that miic^ 
ahns is not to be expected from them* 

From this^tate of facta, H feUows^moet enslently, in the ferst 

place, that the town of Falmondi was destroyed for no other rea- 

'Son, but'b^cause of its obedience to the Continental and ProviB" 

eial Congresses, and Its attachment to the cause of liberty and 

America. In tiie next i^ace, that those who live remote from 

us, would do well to minister something out of their abundance 

Sot the relief of our suffering poor, until it becomes possible for" 

•them to get iiito some way to support themselves^ as we find with 

pleasure and gratitude, thisprovmce by its representsUlyeshave 

begun to do* 

Enoch FnxsMAM, 1 
HuMPHRKT Msw&rf Selectmenofthetowtt 
JoHi« Johnson, i of Fahnbutb* 

William Owen, j 

>** Soon, afti^r.^is catastroqphe, tbere.witf an alarm which spread 
itMlf in a very extraordinary manner. All the sea coast was 
alarmed on the saqie night from Boston to Kenebec, with an 
universal cry that the British troops were landing to bum ti^e 
habitations of the people. This alann urged the people tdtt^nrw 
jDp slight fortifications on the harbours. And irhUe thie<tosni8 

n 



54 

west of FahsM)ttth we^e estployed ia that ImsiaMs, eapt S]r- 
waaod came into the harbour of that town, with a i^p of moi^ 
fooe ih^ all those which had destroyed it- Ab express wa^ 
lent to the otbe^r towns, and a nuraber of volunteers went to.tibe 
assistance of the remains of Falmouth^ and joined the people 
there. When they arrived, the captain of the ship sent on shore 
to Ibrbid their throwing^ «p any works ; they however proceed- 
ed) and prepared the materials for a batteryi and fitted two sli^ 
Hoonders, which were all the artiUery they had. On seeing 
that they were determined to attack the ship with the means 
^ey Goald command, the captain forgot his threatening, and 
went out of tiie harbour as soon as he could get away. 

*^ The Qeneral Court, on hearing thismatter stated to iheQi,or- 
^red that a sufficient force should remain there all the winter, 
with 400 troops raised fpr the purpose of defending the sea coast, 
and with authority to call in aU the militia of the District^ if it 
sbodd be found necessary. Brigadier General Frye was sent 
if General Washington to take the command in the succeeds 
i^ ^rzi;ig ; but there never was another attempt upon the 
llace. The fofts which were thrown up hastily') and withoutsMich 
'iidl2, before Geneial Frye came, are to be seen there liow.'^ 

Op John ]6onithan. 

^^t a General Court holden at l^aco, Oct. ^1, 1645, John Bon* 
ithan of Baso/4»^tt^jRiovince of Maiiie, having Been summon- 
ed divers times, in his Majesty's name, to appear kt said Court, 
and hath refused, threatening to kiU^ or sligr any person io lay 
bands' on him ; anA'diT^ers judgfments^ eseeeutions and warrants 
of Uie good behaviour against'blin,'i8 icft{ti^ed an out-law, and 
proclaimed a rebbel» ^ «> 

Ordered, by consent of Ms Court, that if Mr. John Bonithan 
be taken, iliat be Be SeM^lrth^h toTJostbH, tcJSfifeWeftOSuch 
Aingsas'tHeresiikll*bfebi*Optagaiiaithim • 

brder^, for !he chafgi*§ of the G'eneral Cdtilt tft S^dO, Tot 
the ^roviiic^of Maine, £4. tiX Baco to pay kOH, j Casco 10s. ; 

Gcorgiana*^20*. ; RscJUtaqtiat t(k.—Cbl, Mas. ffist Society. 

I * thrMMtf t!!«eD itr tbr ctemir' from <*i^i'ge to ¥erki o^ the terrhbrv 

bstween Pt&cauqoa and Wcllt. 

t Soppwcd CO comprehend tbe lands luiowo hy\ht nastct of Klttrry nd 
Vork. 



55 

Ce*ia4n Prue$Umeni9 of Cfrand Jitnes, 
Wepreseiit Charles Potum, for living an idle, lazylife I foT; 
lowing ho settled employment. Major Bryant Fembleton join- 
ed with the Selectmen of Cape Porpns to dispose of Potum ac- 
cordtf^ to law, and to put him under family gtnremment. 

W« pre8€»it «Fere Gnttridge for «aW» penun, and aot plovi- 
ditig fdr Ikis tiMiy^ and giving repFoackihl koigua^ to Blir. Nat 
Frier, ^Amn hefepwved ham fa his id kni w u . 

Tfie Court for his offence, adjudges the felJaBquent. to Aave SO 
hishes on his back, ancl to bidng security to ^lie-court to be of 
bcftter behaviour iiif rovidkiig fa his family. 

We present Adim Goodwine for denying the morality of the 
4th Commandment* 

We present the Selectmen of the ixmB of Kitteiy^ fa not ta« 
king oare tiiat ij^eir children and youth be taught their cate- 
chism, and education according to law. 

Sbi^lhv pf^MMIttiMrtb' weremade against the Selectmen of the 
MVieralrtdlPriaof'Cap^ iBorpntii SoarboniBgh and Falmoutb. 

AtHbttgllltow vnd Hw two following articles, do sot1»tttin 
oAe^r tWo partieidar0, r^te to the town of Fahnou^ it maa 
liotight the iiftertion^ ^ ^ tiiem would afford sene amusement to 

2647.. 
PetitioQ to the General C<)urt, of William thittand'— %tt9ry. 

That John Keynolds, contrary to an act, in Csurt, tiiat bo 

wimin shall live upon the Isle of Shoals, hath 'brought hi9 infe 

Ihifher, with an inf^Ylt£dn tli'ere to fifve and abide-— 

>■/*■• 

And hath ako* brought iipon Hogg island, a great stock of 
goats and hogs, which does not* ottly spoil and destroy iniich 
fish to thegreatdamtigeof several dlhers, and likewise many 
of your. petitioners, but iilso spoil the spring of water that is on 
{hat island, by making it unfit or unserviceable for any manner 
of use, which is the cal|C4^eC and. «titcn«B<ie oi all thertst 
of the Island. 



b6 

Tour petitioiMra Ibgrelbre pray that Hie said ReynoldB may be 
ordered to remove his goats and swine from the island forth- 
with—Also that the act of court beforementioned may be pnjfc 
in execution, for the removal of all inhabiting there-— and your 
petitioners shall pniy. 

Order of Ck>urt thereon. 

Whereas by the aforesaid request, the general complaint of 
the fishermen and owners a£ the Isle of 8boala» that it is a great 
annoyance and prejudice for Mr. John Reynolds to keep bis^ 
sheep and goats on the Irie of Shoals— It is by mutual consent 
of this court, ordered, that Mr. John Reynolds shall within 
twenty days remove all his awine that he hath at Hogg Island, 
fitim thence or any other inland of these islands that are inhabi- 
ted with fidMnnen. And as for the removal of his wife (if no 
further cmnplaint against her) she may yet enjoy the company 
of her husbsmd. These dated the 20th*October, 1647. 

Coi. Mass* Hist. Societx* 

1649. 

A BODDT POLLinCK. 

IVhereas the InhabitantB of Pi8cataqua,'0eei^a]ia and Wcftls, 
In the Province of Mayn have here begun to prppogat and pep^ 
uliet these parts of the country did fonnerly by power deriva- 
tive from Sir Ferdinando Gorges Knight, exercise— the regu» 
lating the affairs of the couQ^try ;a8 ny as «he. could according to 
the laws of England-^and such other ordinances as wias thouf^ 
meet and requisit for the better regulating thereof. 

rfow forasmuch as sir Ferdinando Gbrges^is dead, the f^ountrjit 
by their geuerall letter sent to his heirs in June, 1647 ai^ 48, 
But by the. sad disti^tctions in England noe return is yet come 
to hand. And command from the Parlament not to meddle 
insoemuch as was granted to Mr. Rigbey.'^ Most of the Cpn^ 
missioners being dep'ted the Province. The inhabitants. ^ONS 
for present, iu sume distraction about the r^fulating the afiaice 
of these fites : For the.better ordering whereof till further order 
power and anthoryty shall cmne out of England ; the inha]>it-. 

'"Rigbtr «UiiiBed lands iivtslaisatt and Scarboroush. 



57 

ants with 6ne free alicl tiliif^rBsuaifflit CMatfBt Sae ^yttd Hmmd- 
selves ia a boddy pollitick a cMiibiiiaitfoii to tefe these |MrtB 
of the coontrj and Province i«i|^nlated accotding to sndb laiw 
as formerly have been exercised and such others aft riiaH be 
thought meet, not i«piigfnalit to the Amdamental laws of oar 
native country— And to make chofte tsi snob Ovremor or Got- 
emerd and magistrates as by mest wfsiet they ahallfliidk meet. 
Dated in Geoi^giana, alias Accoms, tiie day of Jvlie» ld49. 
The privilege (tf charter excepted. (Copied literatim*) xmm* 

1692. 
Of George BuRRouofis, 

G. Burroughs who had been a piieacher several years befbre at 
Salem village, & afterwards, at Wells, in tiie province of Maiftei, 
was this year indicted at a coart holden at Salem, in the coudty 
of Essex, in the words following, vi2 : *^ Essex, ss. The jt^rm 
ibr our sovereign lord and lady, ^e king and queen, preseist, 
That Geoi^ Burroughs, late of Falmouth, in the province' W 
Massachusetts, Clerk, the ninth of May, in the fourtii year of 
tbeur reign, and divers other da^s and times, as well before as 
aft«r, certain destable arts called witchcrafts and soveeries, 
wickedly and feloniously hath used, practised and exercfsedrat 
and within the town of Salem in the county of Essex, afores;^d, 
in, wpaa «ad against one Mary Wolcot, of Salem ^village^ in the 
county of Essex, singlewoman, by which said wicked arts/ ^e 
said Mary Walcot, the ninth day of May in the fourth year above 
said, and divers other days and times, as well before as after 
was and is tormented, afflided^ pained, ocnwemedy wasted- and, 
tormented, against the peace." ' '*' 

Three other bills were found agfalnst bfm for witchcrafts up- 
on other persons, to all which he pleaded not guilty, put.liipaself 
upon trial, Ac. 

The afflicted persons and the confessing witnesses were first 
examined ; for although by the advice of the elders their evi- 
dence was not conelusive, yet ftom presumption which arose 
f n«n it, and with other circumstaBces to corroborate it, the proof 



58 

miglit be tiifficieiit to convict*- One circumstance was, tha( 
bein^ a little man, lie had performed feats beyond the strengtii 
oi a giant, viz. had held out a |^un of seven feet barrelf with 
one hand, and had carried a barrel fuU of cider from a canoe to 
the diore. Upon his urg^ing that an Indian, who was present, 
held out the gnn also, and the witnesses not remembering that 
^ny witnesses were there, it was said this Indian must have been 
the black man or the devil, who the witness swore looks like 
an Indian. Other evidence was given of his harsh treatment of 
his wivek, having been twice married ; and of his pretending to 
them that he knew what had been said in his absence, and his 
persuading them to give it under their hands in writing, and to 
swear to it, that tliey would not reveal his secrets. And it was 
further said they had privately conqilained to the neighbors that 
their house was haunted with spirits. And a brother of one c^ 
hii wives swore, that going oat after strawberries, upon their 
jretnm, he went into the bushes on foot, and though they rode a 
^uick pace, yet when they came near home, to their astonish- 
ment they found him with themt, and that he fell to chiding his 
wi£B for talking to her brother abont him, and said he knew 

* Margaret JiCoH bad been brought to accuse heraelF, and then to charge 

Borrooghft' and h«r own Grandfather; but atruek with horror, chote to lote 

her own life, rather than penist in her own coQfesftioa» and recanted all she 

•aid, and begged forgiveaest of Burrougha, who ii said to have freely forgiTea 

' her. 

t This gun Is now in the' Academy at Fryeborg. A gentleman of that 
town, whom I re<|aested to inform mo as to the weight of this gun* writes me 
as follows : '* I havd called upon the Prr«e}4orof the Academy, and weighed 
the gun mentioned. The weight now, is 221b. There is missing* the breech 
mounting and part of the breech ; also the ramrod, which I think would weigh 
4 or 7 lb. niore. Its whole length is 7 feet 8 inches. The barrel is about 6 feet 
3 inches." 

I With as mnch propriety Mr. Burroughs might hwe been charged with 
witchcraft* for what was at the time considered a surprising entrance into 
that part of Faimonth which is now called Portland. When he and his wife, 
with some olhers in company witls them were coming to that town, and had 
got as far as Scroot water, he parted from them, and having before been ac- 
quainted with the way, came tlwoogh the woods, on foot, (in a direction near* 
1y as the road is now,) while they travelled in the old road, round the shore by 
Fore River ; and becaoie he arrived fiefore them, they thought he employed the 
devil to as^st him i 



89 

&eir tiu»ii|^te, whiirli Idi broOier said was more <han the devil 
knew ; to which Burroughs said, that his god told Wm. 

Against this evidence he ui^g^ed, that a man was with him, to 
■how that another wdked as fast as he did ; and tiiis wa» deter- 
mined to he the hlack man also. And upon the whole, he was 
confounded, and psed many twistings and turnings, which I 
think we cannot wonder at* 

At his execution, he concluded his dying prayer, with the 
Lord's prayer ; probably to convince some of the spectators of 
his innocence, for it was the received opinion, that a true witch 
could not say the Lord's prayer without blundering. 

Thus far Hutchinson* 

Sullivan, in his History of Maine, says, that «« Burroughs was 
bom in the County of Essex, and was a preacher in Fahnouth, 
in thfe year 1685* What his education was, or where he ac' 
quired it, is not known at the present day * * * " That ** he 
was a man of a bad character, and of a cruel dispositiim."— See 
his account of Burroughs' Trial. He observes diat, 

" The affidavits of the witnesses were taken in writing, and 
sworn to in open court, and are now on the files of the Court of 
Common Pleas in Salem. 

« Samuel Webber testifies, that "about 7 or 8 years before that 
time he lived at Casco Bay. Geoi-ge Burroughs was th6n minis, 
ter there, that having seen much of his great strength, and the 
said Burroughs coming to our house, we were in discourse about 
the same, and he then told me, he had put his fingers into a 
bung hole of a barrel of molasses, and 'lifted it up, and carried 
it round him and set it down again." 

" There was another man who testified, that « he saw parson 
Burroughs put his fore finger into the muzzle of a laiye gun, 
and hold it out^straight" 

" Susannah Shelden testified, that '* Mr. Burroughs' aM»ri-. 
tion came to her, and told ber^hat he had kiQed tibree children 
of his neighbor's, his own two. wives, and two of his own cha- 
dren" 

♦ He lived in « boose tvhicii wa«-1mtlt near wTicre Judge Frothingham liow 
hvei. on land whi^h is now a part of Free-Street, running by his Koase towards 
tbe hoose of the Hon. Matthew OoM» s *• the cellar of which Has been seen since 
too year t770» ' 



^ M^?cy Lewis testified thus : ^ Bumwabs took mie vf^ oa.ia 
high mountain, and shewed me all the kiAgdoms of t^e eartl^ 
9Xkd offered them to me> if J would write in his book; and sail 
be would throw me down and break my aeck, if I would not ; 
and said that be kept the devil as a ^Tvant in bis sbop.^' 

'* Before the grand jury, Ann Putman testified as follows :— 
** on the 8tb of May, 1692, 1 saw the apparition of George Bur- 
roughs, who.grierously t(M*tured me, and urged me to write in 
bis book, which I refused. lUen be told me, that his first tw9 
wives would appear to me presently, and tell jne » gre^t many 
lies, but I must not believe them. Then immediately appear- 
ed to me the form of two women, in winding sheets, and nap- 
kins about their beads, at which I was greatly affrighted ; and 
they turned their faces towards Mr. Burroughs, and looked very 
1^ and angry, and told him that he had been very cruel to them, 
and that tbeir blood cried for vengeance s^alnst him ; and also 
told him, that they should be clothed wilb white robes in hea- 
ven, when he should be cast down to bell, and he imtnediately 
vanished away. As soon as he was gone, the two women turn- 
ed their faces to me, and looked as pale as a white wall, and told 
me they were Mr. Burroughs' two wives, and that he bad mur- 
dered them. And one told me, that she was bis fijrst wife, an<l 
be stabbed her under the left bresUBt, and put a pi^ce of sealing 
wax in the wound ; and she pulled aside the winding sheet, and 
Shewed me the place.^ And also tM me that she was in the 
bouse where Mr. Parish iSben Uved, when it was done. And 
the other told me that Mr. ]Nm>ugb8, and a wife be halb now, 
ki^ed her in ittie vessel, as she was coming so see her frieqds 
from the eastward, because they- would have one anotiier. And 
^leybotift cbsrf od me te 1^ theeetbings to- the mi^islvfttes, be- 
im Mr. Barroughs* &ce, and if be^cid not own tliem, Ihey did 
not ktww but that they should appear. This morning also, Mrs. 
Xianfienvttnei bei' daugbter, told me tbait Mr. Burroughs mUider- 
'ed^Mm. This iBor]^g4ilso, aj^ared 4o me another woman 
-^« winding sbeetyas^d ^Id^netbat she was Goodm^gi Fuller^ 

*The miiiiiter of DsnTcn* who first set the fls^tter of protcctttiog for wltdi' 
.O'aft on foot. 



> 



61 

£rst vfife, aad that Mr.^^Biirroqgbs killed her, becaiiae there tns 
at difference between her husband and him. Also, on the 9tbL 
day of May> during the time of his examination, he did most 
grievously torment Mary Wolcot, Mercy Lovis, Elizabeth 
Hubbard and Abigail Williams, by pinching, pricking and 
choaking them. 

''T^ere was some other evidence to corroborate this. Bur^ 
roughs wds found guilty, on all the indictments, and wa& execur 
ted. y 

*< There was an extraordinary delusion in the old colony of 
Massachusetts at that time, as well as in Europe. In both coun- 
tries many innocent people suffered an ignominious death, and 
there can be no doubt but that the people who appeared to be 
tortured were possessed by evil spirits of some kind or other ; 
nor have we any reason to doubt, whether there was not some 
extraordinary cause from the state of the atmosphere, or from 
something else, which operated on the nerres of the judges, and 
on the people at laige, depriving them, in a great measure, of 
Iheir rational faculties. > 

'Mf Burroughs had continued at Falmoutli he might have fal- 
len a victim to the savages, but he would not have been execu- 
ted for lAtchcraft, because there never was a prosecution for 
that crime to the eastward of Piscataqua river.*' 



FACETIOUS TRIAL, 

Or the ccue of Woodside v, Orr^ about the year 176(5. 
As the followinglaccount of this trial, which was the subject 
of pleasing conversation at the time when it took place, will 
probably afford some amusement to the reader ; and as the re- 
sult of it was both honourable and satisfactory to the parties con- 
oemed, I think no apology is necessary to be made for the in- 
eertion of it. The account was lately given to me by a very 
respectable gentleman who was personally acquainted with aU 
the members of the court. 

Soon after WiUiam Woodddey of Brtmswicls:, had obtained ft 
commission of Justice of the Peace, fbr the county of Cumber- 
limd,^ [Francis Barnard being GovernW pf &e ProviBce,] Mr. 



6S 

John Orr, a townsman of his, g^re oat some bints, that he suj^- 
posed the Goyernor had been deceived In granting^ the commit 
uon, and that Woodside had shewed him, (the Governor,) some 
ori^nal letters from persons of distinction in England, to 
Woodside's Father, as made and sent to him, and thereby ren- 
dering him a person of consequence and importance. At a 
court of (Greneral Sessions of the Peace held at Fahnouth, at the 
same time of the Inferior Court, of C. P. Woodside attended an^ 
oomplained to them of this conduct of Orr^ upon the act against 
'libelling and lyings— And David Wyer, who at that court acted 
as kii^^'s attorney, was employed to draw up the complaint in 
writing in a formal manner directed to the Court, (the grand 
jury having been dismissed) — ^Woodside seemed very urgent 
that this bunness should be brought to a hearing^-^-But as Mr. 
Orr was a reputable townsman, it was agreed that the business 
should be discussed in an evening At the long room at Freeman'« 
the innholder, where the court in those days always dined* 
The members of the Court of Sessions*— the gentlemen of tfa« 
bar, and some of-the most respectable gentlemen ef the town 
were notified of the time and place and desired to attend. Mr. 
Orr had some how obtained a printed copy of the proceeding$ 
of a treaty between the commissioner of the government and 
ihe eastern Indians, where complaints were made by the In^ 
dians against Woodside for selling them bra$$ rmgi for gold 
rings intended to be used by way of offsett to his spotless char^ 
acter. After the gentlemen to the number of 30 and upwards 
had ass^abled, it was agreed that J ere. Powell should be presi- 
dent of the meeting, and declare the decisions of the meeting 
upon sueh ppjtits as were discussed, and Qrr was to make such 
satisfaction, by way of acknowledgement, as the company 
should adjudge reasonable, and might consist with the dignity 
of the Justice to accept — and two or three of the gentlemen oi 
the bar, upon each side, were to aigue and make observattoii 
upon the occasion. Some punch and wine were introdueed for 
the use of the company and the litigants. The charge of sccMr 
dalum magncUum was then read by the king's attomey«—and 
expationed. The gentlemen of the bar, present, were Mr. 
Chipman, of Marblehead-— Mr. Pyncheon, of Salem — ^Daniel 
Fai^am, of Newbury — Samuel Livermore, of Portsmouth, an^ 
some otheis not now recoUected-a-aad after the subject fiiatter 



hsAheetk dUcnfised-Zreplied tOy and remarked upon, for am Wut 
or twoy President Powell, by the consent of Mr. Justice Wood- 
adcy put the following question, to the members of the Grand 
Court-^That if tbey had received no opinion to the prejudice 
of Justice Woodside, from the reports John Orr had circulated 
of him, he (Woodside) would be satisfied and surcease any fur- 
ther prosecution of the business— ^and each <»ie was seriatim to 
deliver his opinion^ and the Presideiit was then to declare pub- 
Boly the decision. It was amusing to observe the great atten- 
tion of Woodside during the period the members were deliver- 
ing with great gravity their sentiments on this important occa- 
^on, some of which were lengthy, after which the President 
declared, that it was . the sentiments of a large majority, that 
ikU grand eusemhPy entertained no opinion to the prejudice oir 
disadvantage qfJtotice Woodnde^from, any Mfig thai John Or^^ 
had mid respecting him ! The punch, and wine first brought in 
being conaumedrconversatioa was had about the reckoning, 
and as the meeting was held at the desire of. Woodside and 
@tov it Wfti. proper that they should pay the reckoning. The 
jjpieral question wa^pi^tty 50921 decided— but then a question 
was made, in what.propprtloii? Msmy smd perhaps the larger 
jpart were about to decide that Orr should pay a pistareen^ and 
.Woodside the.residue-^but the President fearing it would put 
a period to the present good humour which subsisted between 
the parties,^ proposed, (as it was the usa|^e in those times, when a^ 
geiitleiitjin of note ii^ received a commisson to make a Treat 
to his particular fiiends and acquaintance) that Justice Woodside 
diould pay the reckoning, called the dewing, upon opening hi^ 
^mmi88ion.--To this Mr. Justice Woodside cordially assented 
J^ereupon the President ordered in a double bowl of punch and 
^hree or four bottles of wine, to drink his health ; and Mr. Long- 
|ellow, the Clerk of the Court, then read aloud the commission 
lof William Woodside, fi>r a Justice of the Peace for Cumberland 
l»unty-^the gentlemen all standing up while the commission was 
in reading. 
.The shewing was isaid to be about a Josephw. 



AccomxT OF Thomas Bird's TrUl. 
^ Some time in June or July, 1789, a small vessel of about 20 
*ot 30 tons burthen, came to Ciutco Bay, and the j^raonson board} 



64 

entered into a barter trafllck with the inhabitants of Cape EHsy* 
abeth. Such suspicious circumstances were circulated respect- 
ing them, that the persons who came in her— Jctduon, an Amer- 
ican, originating from Newton, Maas«, Ham Hanton^ a Swede» 
and ThoM. Birdy an English or Irishman— were apprehended^ 
and brought before the Supreme Judicial Court, then sitting at 
Falmouth, near the close of the Court, for examination. Fron 
whose examinations, taken down in writing, it appeared that 
the ressel they came in belonged to one Hodgti^ of England ;-*— 
that under the command of Capt Connor they had been trading 
off the coast of Africa ; — that, owing to the arHtrary and abusive 
conduct of the Captain, they had killed him, and came off with 
the vessel, with such eiiects as were on board, to America^v— 
They were then sererally told, that they were under no neoe»« 
sity to relate, or make answer to a question Ihat wouki criminate 
themselves. Bird^ after this caution, appeared very c^ien and 
frank, and acknowledged that he fired tbe gun, loaded with on^ 
or more balls, in the night time, that killed Capt Conner, and 
seemed to palliate or justify his conduct on account of the (DajK 
tain's conduct. Upon this, the Supreme Judicial Court commits 
ted them to the Jail in Falmouth, for the piratical muider of 
CSonner on the high seas. 

At this perk)d, the Suprenie Judicial Court of the severtd Statek 
in the Union, with the marUime or ck^trotty Judge, were by an 
Ordinance of the old Congress, authorized to try piracy and 
felony, committed on the high seas, by the oaths of Grand and 
Petit Jurors, according to the common law: and the Massachu- 
setts Legislature, in February, 1783, passed a law for carrying 
the Oi^inance into effect But before the next session of the 
Supreme Judicial Court in the oounty of Cumberland, an act of 
the Congress, under the Federal Constitution [unto whom tbe 
thirteen United States had ceded all their powers in maritime 
and admiralty matters] passed the Judiciary Act, establishing 
District, Circuit, and a Supreme Court To the jurisdiction of 
the Circuit Court, piracies and fekmy on the hi^ seas, and all 
other capital ofienoes were committed— uid to the District Court 
of Maine was committed all the powers of a Circuit Court of the 



65 

United States.— Tke District Jtidg-e of Maine was appointed in 
September, 1789 ; and the time for holding the first coiirt was. 
the first Tuesday of December, 1789, when the court met, and 
with its respective officers, viz. Henry Dearborn, the JHfar^Aa^ 
William Lithgow, JOukid Attorney , and Henry Sewall, Ckrk^ • 
were then reg^ulariy i^iicted into office. — The second court was . 
held in that part of Powaalboroi^h, now Wiscasset, in liiarch, . 
1780^ where it was not thought expedient to do any thing with 
the person committed in-Fahzioutb jail, for a capital offence oa 
the high seas, exc^t maidng arrangements, agreeable to the 
8tatate?8 direction^ for a grand and three full petit jurors, to be 
summoned to the Jiiae District Court, then next to be held at 
Portland. 

l^ie Grand Joi^, of whom Deacon Titcomb was foreman, 
fouod a bill against Bird^ as principal, for the murder of Conner^ 
on the high' seas, and Hanson^ as beitlg present, aiding and abet- 
ting him therein. The prisoners, upon their arraignment and 
pieadmg not gdilty, had John Frothingham and fFilliam Symt 
ass^ed as council, and a copy of the indictment and a list of the 
panel of jurors delivered them two fulbdays before the day a»-. 
signed for trial.— On Friday morning the trial commenced (to 
accommodate the public curiosity, in the meeting-house in the 
first .paiaek»rwjieiie the Rer. ThomaB Smith and "Samuel Deaa 
officiated) and a petit or jury of trial, of whom Deacon Chcue^ 
of Pepperell [now ctUledSapdj was forgpa^. Jackson^ one of 
the accomplices, was improved as a witness, whose testimony, 
with the voluntary confession of Birdy taken in writing, before 
the Supreme Judicial Court, as before mentioned, and some other 
circumstances, as the stain of blood and the mark of the ball on 
board or in the cabin of the vessel, appeared satisfactory to the 
jury to return a verdict» about the close of the same day, against 
Bird, of being guilty.— The jury found Hanton^ theotherperson, 
ziot guilty. And on Saturday morning (in the court-house) after a^ 
motion in arrest of judgment, made by SynUy because the latitude 
'and longitude of the sea, where the crime was committed, was 
not named in the indictment, was overruled, sentence of death 

was pronoonced on the prisoner convicted, and the clerfc was 

o2 



/ 



directed to issue a precept under the seal of the Court, directed 
to the Marshal, to carry the Jud^^ent of the Court into execu- 
tion — ^ffhich the records of the District Court may morepar- 
ticuUirly shew. And execution was afterwards accordingly done 
by Marshal Dearborn and his assistants, some time about the last 
Friday of the same month of June, 1790.— As many of the inhab- 
itants of Portland and the neigfaboarinsr towns may recollect, 
some doubts were had, whether, as all execntions by death in 
Bfassachvsetts, were by a statute made in 1777, to be carried in- 
to effect, by a precept fromtibe Sapreme Executive of the State, 
haringf a eopy of the jndgment of the Supreme Judicial Court 
thereto annexed, a similar precept oofht not to be had, in cap- 
ital cases, from the President of the United States.. 

But as befbre the Rerolotion, the clerks of the Supreme Goifft 
of Judicature^ Court of Assize, and General JaH Delirery^'had 
always issued precepts, by order of tha court, for canyiag^ into 
effect their judgment, in capital cases, and there being' na 
special provision made in the statutes of the United States 
reelecting that matter, it wasiooncluded to be a necessary inci- 
dent to A court, having jmsdiction of a crime, to issue all neces^ 
sary precepts for canying its judgment or sentences into execu- 
tion* And it is siifuposed that the same mode has been ever since 
used upon similar elbses, in the Circuit Coast of Maesachusetts^ 

As it was understood from Bird^s counsel, that aj^cation 
would be made for e pardqH in consideration of its being tike 
fird capital conviction in the United States, in a court of the 
United States, after a^p^g the federal constitution, a copy 
of the indictment, and the proceedings thereon to the judgment 
and order for execution were immedbitely forwarded to President 
Washington, who then readed at New Ytvk^ But he dJecHnedt 
pardoning or suspending the time of exeentiQa to a later period 
than had been directed by the conrt 



fit 



OF 

Although ''the wars which the inhabitants of Falmouth haye 
been engaged in, with the sar^ges, can never be correctly giy- 
en in history, nor the place in Casco Bay, where committed,"* 
be in all cases ascertained, I hare thought it would be ag^ea- 
l>le to the reader, to present him with the following riew of 
them as collected from the respective histories mentioned in 
the maiigin ; and (as near as can be) in the order of time in 
which the events took place* 

1675. 
The same time that Philip began his hostilities in Plymouth 
colony, the Taientines or eastern Indians were insulting the 
Englidi settled in New Hampshire and in the province of Maine. 
They began with robbing the English, as they passed in their 
boats and canoes, and plundering theirhouses of liquors, ammu- 
nition and such moveables as they could easily carry off.f 

In the month of September in this year, ** a horrible outrage 
was committed upon the family of an antient man whose name 
was Wabjbm:t, an inhabitant of Casco Bay, who had several 
years before removed from Gloucester or Cape Ann, out of 
some discontent, which afterwards he often bewailed, resolved 
either to return back or remove to some securer place ; but he 
was arrested by the sons of violence before he could effect his. 
purpose. 

*'This old man, together with his wife, his son and his daugh* 
ter in law, (then far advanced ia pregnancy,) with three grand , 
children, were cruelly muxdered by those barbarous savages at . 
one time ; agoother of his grandchildren was taken alive and led 
into captivity. A^u^ghter of his was said to have been carried 
to Narrhaganset, which sbesi^ that they joined with the south- 
ern Indians in the rebellion. When once these Indians had im- 
brued their hands in English blood, ^ey were emboldened to 
the like bloody attempts in tiie adjacent piac^ 

* 9«Ui?i|pi* t UatcUnton* 



<< This Wakeley lived so far from his neighbours, or else was 
encompassed with creeks or livers, that no relief oould .present- 
lybe sent to him ; however, Lieut. Ingerson,of Casco,* the next 
day with a file of men, repaired to the place where his house 
stood, -to see what was the reason of the fire they discerned the' 
day before, where they found the house burnt to ashes, the bod- 
ies of the old man and his wife half consumed with the fire, the' 
young* woman killed and three of the g^randchildren having* 
their brains beat out, and their bodies laid under some oaken 
plank not far from the house ; on6 girl of Ibout 11 years^of ag-e 
was carried captive by them, and having^ been carried up and 
down the country some hundred of miles, as far as Narragan- 
set fort, was this last June returned back to Major Waldron, by 
one Squando, the Sagamore of Sacb ; a stran^^e mixture of mer- 
cy and cruelty. 

** At Casco Bay, Lieut. Ingerson^s son, with another man go- 
ing out a fowling about this time, were both killed before they 
returned home» his father's house being l^umt with many otheis 
thereabouts.'* 

1676. 

■}**'0n the 11th of August, a party of Indians began their out- 
rages at Casco in a most perfidious and treacherous manner, 
killing and carrjring away captive to the number of 30 persons 
and burning their houses ; amongst whom was the family of one 
Anthony Bracket, an inhabitant of Casco, who was thought to 
have been killed, but he himself, with his wife and one of her 
five children carried away captive with a negro, did happily es^ 
cape from their btoody. and deceitful hands, in November next * 
ensuing. 

The following circumstances in the assault of Mr. Bracket, 
are thought •* worthy a more particular remembering." 

One of the Indians called Simon, (and the chief) of those 
who were concerned in the assauH had beeneonfined in Dover 

*Iiigeraon lived on a poiot of Isuul on the . Mtt sid^ of Presanpscofc'river ia 
what has since been called Ne w Casco.— 5«//tvaii' 

tThc accounts for this and the preceding year are CRkca &OBl.Hiibbtr<i 



69 

prison^ from whence ft Httle before he made fats escape aBd came 
with a counterfeit pass to Casco, where he acquainted him with 
this Mr. Bracket and often frequented his house. " Upon the 
9th of Attest some of the Indians haying* killed his cow, Simon 
promised to bring them to him ; meantime they, of the place, 
sent two men to Major Waldron's at Dover, to complain of 
this injury done by the In^ans; but before their return, rery 
early in the morning ot the 11th of Aug^t, Simon with a party 
of Indians came to Mr. Bracket's house, and told him theSe were 
like Indians that had killed his cow, but as soon as he had said 
that, the Indians went farther into to house and tock off aH th» 
gpms they could see. Bracket asked them what was Ihe meaiH 
kig of that, Simon replied fliat io it must be, addng him witWi 
'whether he had ^Iher senre the fndsans or be alain by tbem» 
io whiohJie -answered, thattf fbto ease were so, he would rather 
choose to senre them than be kUled by them. Simon replied 
then they must be bound, which was presently done. The said 
Bracket, his wife and a n^gro, were all bound by the Indians*: 
Ids wife had a brother, who offering to resist was killed forth* 
"with ; the rest, with ^re children were led away prisoners** 

The manner of their escape, is thus related by Hubbard >— ^ 
**The Indians that led them captive, having brought them to 
the north side of Casco Bay, news was brought to them of the sur^ 
prisal of Arowsic's house in Kennebeck, with all the stores Ihere- 
in, which did so rejoice them, that they made all haste to share 
in the good things there to be had. Thus eager to be gone, they 
promised Bracket and his wife that they also should have a share 
.therein if they would make haste after them, bringing along a 
burthen allotted to each of them. The woman having a little 
before observed an old birch canoe lying by the water side, hop- 
ed it was an opportunity providence offered for their escape ; 
whereupon she first prudently asked the Indians to let the negro 
their own servant (at the same time carried captive by them) 
help them to carry their burthen, which was granted ; then she 
begged of them a piece or two of meat, which was not denied 
them. Thus being fornisfaed with help and provision, the In- 
dians leaving them behind to come after with their several bur- 



70 

ilicoB, and a yooni^ diild, they could not but look upon it t» a 
nuiut DmiMtt, to bid them ttafi for themselves. The woman al^ 
H> ibond a aeedle and thread in the house, with which she mendf 
ed the caaoe^ while they tarried on that side of the bay,in which 
ttiey flooa ventored to get away, which prosperously succeeded ; 
for in that old canoe they crossed a water ei|^ht or nine miles 
broad, and when they came on the south side of the bay, they 
might hare been in as much danger of other Indians, that ha4 
lately been about Black Point, and bad taken it ; but they werf 
newly gone. So things on all sides thus concurring to help for- 
ward their deliferance, they came safely to the .flat at Black- 
Point, where also by special providence they met with a ve9se|^ 
bound for Pisoalaqua» that came into that harbour but a (ew 
^ottFs befoi« they came thither, by which means they arrived 
safe in Piscataqaa itrei nom afte r h^mii wfas^ etux^amsftanpes are 
Teiy worthy to be noticed.'' 

^ In another ^i^ of the town» a» Uivee pfrsima^weregoingilo 
feap at Anthony Bracket's^ passing £ram an house where tbj^ 
left theit canoe, met with John Mnm^oy and one fFakely^ t^ 
whom they told what had happened, and soon after they heard 
two i^uns fire, whereby it seenia two men were killed ; where- 
fore coming back towards T%omai BraekeCsf where they had 
left theur canoe, they saw him shot down by the Indians; one of 
the three,, not so well able to run, hid himself in the bushes, in 
hope to make bis escape more conveniently afterwards, which^ 
accordingly he did j but in the mean time he saw the Indians 
carfy away Thomas Bracket^s wife and children. Soon after, 
the three men a&resaid got safe to Mr. Mountjoy's Garrison ; 
but not trusting to the security of that Garrison, they soon a/tcr 
repaired to an island in the bay, called James Andrews' island. 
One George Lewis aqd his wife tarrried all this time in their 
house till the next day, when they had opportunity to get safe 
to the island aforesaid, tc^ether with the two men that were now 
returned from Major Waldem's ; whither they had been sent, . 
but too late, to make complaint of the Indian that had countei^- 
feitedhis pass to travel into these parts, and had done this mis- 
chief 



it 

The day after, one Oeorge Felt, stupecting^ tiie wont, "Wy 
on of a smoke he saw on the opposite side of the town, toeklili 
wife and children into a canoe, to see what the rnatt^* was ; but 
when he came near a point of land, not fajr off, be found several 
of his neighbours' goods, which made bim conclude that their 
owners were killed, and which was a sufficient warning to him 
likewise to fly for his lifb, which he did to the same islands After 
k number of ihem had escaped thither, they recollected that tiiey 
had left powder behind them in one or two places ; whereupon 
they determined to Tenturea party of them in the night, to pre^ 
^ent the ladianft from hdfii&g advantage thereby, and. for tiieir 
own defence, if ocoarfbn dmukl require; accordingly their at- 
tempt Siioceeded well, for ^^ blought away a barrel of powdee 
frdm &e house ef one Wells, and l^itewise a considerable, quan- 
tity^ dtft of a chest in a 8tore4kov8e, where the Indians had been 
rai&sacking, and had taken tilings. out of the other end of the 
ehest yet overiooked the powden In this surprisal of the idan« 
tation in Coweo Bofy called F^timaiUhy there were 34 persons 
kffled and earned into captivity. - 

*^ When Idae afovesaid ex]^ts wese done by the Indifuss about 
Casco Bay, several of the inhabitants removed to Jewel's ialandp 
where they hoped to be more secure flroni the Indians, but the 
barbarous enemy, finding so little resistance ma|Le agai[q3t thei]| 
en the main land, a connderable party of them oame with their 
danoes to destitiy that island also, about three weeks after the 
abovfementioned*mtsofaie£ . « 

There was a fortified house upon the island, idheve the Englisk 
that either kept upon the island, or repaired thither, hoped tii 
secure themselves. But at the time tiie Indians assaulted tbA 
place, many of the English were absent, and few left in the gar. 
ilson but women and children. Some were gone to other places 
to fetch Indian com, others were in a boat, employed about firfij 
amongst whom vras one Richard Pots, with two more. 
' The wife of the saidPots was washing by the water stdei 
where she was occupied with her children, and carried away in 
sight of her husband, whQ was not a Uttie distressed with that 



^ipectsMsleybttt tras iiiciqpttbk of 9Mo]e^ng any t^ef t» Lib 
irilb'Or cbUdren* One of these little inaocents, espying his 
hA»r in the boat, ran into the water, calling for help ; but an 
Indian was ranning after him to catch him up ; the poor man, in 
a great agony, being within half a gun shot, was about to fire 
npon the Indian, but fearing he might wound, or perhaps kill his 
child, which the villain had seized and was carrying o^ he foiv 
hore^ chasing rather to have him carried away alive than expose 
him to the loss of his life or limbs by shooting at the Indian. 

^ It is said some of the Indians were killed by those in the gar* 
riflon. Tis mentioned that a lad at one shot killed two or three 
4yfthem; some guns were finmdafberwardswndertha fori, which 
were sapfMeed to have belonged to aome of the In^tians that were 
JdBed. Some that were sA>xoad when the iatt was assaultedi 
desperately brc^e in throiigh the Indiana, whe^by at the last 
many people were preserved. Some flying away from Jewel's 
Idand, in a canoe, towards Richmond's Island, met with a ketch, 
to which they made known the cUatress the people were in, who 
therefore went to the place, and todc in all Uie people they found 
there, and carried4hem off to a place of more aafi^. Yet there 
were several persons said to be kSUed, and ^aarried away at that 
time, viz. three men, who were known to be killed, two women 
And two children, tiiat are avppofiedto be yet aUve, though in the 
enemy's power. 

'' From thence they went to Spurwink, where they assaulted 
one place or more, and killed one man, wounded another, and 
oarried another away captive. » , * * * * 

^ Witfaiii a while after, orabout the same time, another fatal 
nc<^ident befel 6 or 7 persons belonging to Casco ; for upon the 
93d of September, some persons that belonged to a sloop or shal? 
lop, that were pressed into the service, were desirous to save 
fome of their provisions, to which end they first made their 
address to Oiqpt. Hathorn (under whom they were ordered to 
serve) desiring they might be released ; the Captain told them 
he could not do it, but desired them to have patience fora while '* 
they^told him ^aey must and would go, else their families must 
starve at home; the Captain told them further of the dangei: 



■ 7a 

aad bid them wu>t stif .at fiieiir periL Hofrever^ g^o the^ wot^, 
and soon after went to Mountjoj's Island, to fetch sUeep, where 
they landed seven men. But the Indians suddenly fell upon them, 
i^en they betook themselves to the ruins of a stone house» wbey-e 
they defended themselves as long as they could ; but at last they 
were all destroyed either, wi^ stones cast in upon them, or with 
the enemy's shot, esc^eptone, who though at first it was hoped his 
wounds were npt mprtal, yet soon after died thereof. Amongst 
these was one :Geprge Felt, much lamented, who had been more 
aotiFO than any man in those parts against the Indians ; but at 
last he lost his own life amongst them, in this too desperate an 
adventure.^ 

««^ On fhd l«tb of October foilo%ing$ near an hunih^ of the 
Indians made an assault upon Black Point, all the ii&abitants 
being gathered into One fortified place, whi<^ a few hands might 
bare defended ^gsiSmit all the Indians on that side of the coun- 
try f* but one Mug, the leader of the Indians, " who had from a 
child been well acquainted widi the ikigUsh, and had lived some 
years in EngMi families," and at this time shewed «ome eour- 
tcsy to them, efiSired a ^eaty to Mr. Jossefyn, chief of the gar- 
rison, and •• promised liberty for all that were there, to depart 
with fliftr goods^ Qpon«uneQder of tiie place.*' 

** The said Josselyn reporte, that when he came back from his 
treating with Mug, all the people were fled away out of theg^r- 
rison,'hating carried away their goods, by water, before bis »e- 
t^m, insomuch that having none but his household servants to 
stand by him, he was <&pable of making no resistance, and ao 
8mrr^ndered."-irhu8 iarHobbanl. 

.1636. 
There is no account of further wars in this part of thp coun- 
try, until the year 16fi6, when Sir Edmund Andross was ap- 
pointed Governor of Massachusetts. There were no doubt fre- 
fiient hostilities committed, but there are none of the particu- 
lars, which took place between 1676 and 1686, preserved. la 
1676, there was a peace made between the government at Bos- 

ton» and the Indians of. Penobscot : whether the influence of 

■^ w "■ ' . - 



74 

thatti^eaityextendiid to all the Baraks, or wfa^t!^ tliey M 
other knotires to peace, is now niiknown*. 

In 1689, the Sarahs ag^ain attadked tibe eastern eoimtry,aBd 
CoL Church was employed in ttfe'cominand of forces raised nc^r 
Boston, to support tbe people at Gasco Bay. His orders weie 
from Thomas Daiiforfli, President k>f the Province of Maime, 
He was to rendezrous at Fabnonth, in Oasco-Bay. There was 
also in ord^r from Governor l^radstreet, who had beenetected 
by the 'people, after Sir Edorand Andross was sent away. By 
this cdinmission he was to rendezvous at Fahnovdi ; to have tdi- 
der liis command captains Wjllard and Had!, and tomdce war 
aj^DSt the savaires in and ahout Casco Bay. 

There' was then a fort of some consequence at Gaaco ; and 
when col. Church arrived at what is now Portland, he receiv- 
ed intelli([^nce that there were 700 French and Indians on the 
Island, assemhled for the purpose of taking^ the fort. Tbe next 
day there was an eng^agfement hetween the troops under Church 
and the Indians. There is no account of this action, exceptii^^ 
what Church gives in his history, and he has, from bis being un- 
acquainted With the country, described the place where it hap- 
opened in such a manner, that it is very difficult now to fix upon 
it with any degree of certainty. He says that he carried his 
^aTmy unto the woods befinre day, and after fixing his scouts, he 
returned to town ; when after sunrise, one of Bxacket'sf sons 
inlbrmed him that tbe enemy were in his father's orchard. 

It is clear from Ibis <»rciuB9tance, that the Indians must hare 
gone ^tber up Fore River and landed above the town, or hayd 
gx^ne up Back Cove, and landed at the head of it. The latter 
may be believed to be the most probable, because Church sajra, 
tliat he fought the Indians across the river, and was informed 
that they had men rbtihd the head of it, fo go into town ; and 
we may well suppose 'tiiis river to be <he Creek which ittitis up 
from the Water of Hack Cove. Besides ftiis, the Ifldiatisbdrew 
off to the noii:hward, which they could hdt hsave done, if thfty 
wcreon the south' side of Fore Kvcr. ' The actfon^wus feniai- 

• SoIIivan. , ^. 

1' Mather says capt. Bracket wit Ulledt 



u 

natedtA favor ofChuFCh; andtboagh his troops Buffered rerji; 
nEMsch, yet he saved the town, and the nHiole eastern conntiy by 
that action. There were no more attempts made hy the sara* 
^s on Falmoath in that year*. 

1689. 
Eadract of a letter, writt^ by a geniletnan of Oucof. 
^ Many were the outragings. and insultings of the Indians 
upon the English while Sir Edmund Andros was Governor. At 
North Yarmouth and other places at the Eastward, the Indians 
]|illed sundry cattle, came into houses and threatened to knock 
the people on the head ; and at several times gave out reports 
that they would make a war upon the English, and that they 
were animated tq do so by the French. The Indians behaving 
themselves so insultingly gave just occasion of great suspicion. 
In order for the finding gfipft tho tnith^and to endeavour the pre- 
^^tix^ of a war» Capt«UiSto^]9B]fin.a,J4]sjjf^4)f,tlH;? 
WQ9 of the naigbhoiiKb^od'Of %qq^ I^ijrei^ se^i^^sf v;e^l lnd^9n% 
1|iat had been bktody mwde|r(M^RQgiiea^ili.tb^fi^ ^»diap:,>Vv^ 

Mysig tibaohief .rii»gJMo«l»«l»^ vmi^ SmmAH ^. n4l#*9fir 
Th«.aatt4 Claptaia 9hM:ki|ia{l,i|eid^jlp tl)% n!w4^ ofbetW^tfjD^, 
tixtaen and twenty* in o«d«: fiis tS^iir^^SWuigiMfl^ s^ ^ ^T^^N^ 
ift the rest to a tn^tyj Th9.,8Ri4 Blacknt^R^astoftifiBt the ,sf^ 
Indiana with. ^ good 9qardtUi<!^)MPI9^tJi^^Cas^^ to. 

Beseemed until itt^taoi cmM^Qm^ttrnk^P^^, <^^9^SXmif^fi 
thtm|4" 

1690. 

, In. the spring; of this y^su^,^ the 9a;79(f{|^.attack^. the towp^i^^ 
gaija* T^T^ ^^ ^ ^ '^^^ . ^ 'W^9^ ^4e> where Deerm^'^ 
)f§l|Bg^npiV$r sta^d% andaAoti^^r on,th^,141!^ near iirhere pie tu- 
ngrii^gEi^ttnd nipw is ; and anottn^r o^n.th^ roc|r^ grquad, sout^ 
f 009901 t^e,p]ai;e wh^o^the fii;s^ in^f^^ti])^^ house sj;^d^ Thje two 
]f^ D^fi^t^ned^ were qot veiy capable of defence ; the people 
ah^ndi^ned^the one^n^ac wJi^ the bprying.groui^d is; and in 
l^rdei^ tp.injjif^ U|^a<B?ail;^n^, placed a burnii>g match in a hole 
tlQiri^ i^Ltp a.b9,r^i^^C^.«^^ ^Hh a hope, 

• Sotlivan. 

t Mather MagoUia. I ibid» 



7e 

that, as the Indians entered, the powder would kindle, and g^ve 
them an explosion. But the first who entered, espied the mateb^ 
attd extinguished it They then proceeded, sad carried the fort 
by the water side by an assault, and the other surrendered. By 
this success, one hundred people fell into tbeir hands, and the 
town was desolated. The slain had no funeral soiemiuties, 
though their bones were gathered up by CoL Church the next 
year, and laid under the earth. The country then bein^^ under 
the government of Massachusetts Province, measures were a- 
dopted for its protection. A strong fort was erected, near the 
water side in Portland, called •Fort Loyal, and commanded by 
capt. Tyng. Divers other forts and garrisons were made in the 
town, by which the inhabitants were generally protected, and 
the town was increased in number of inhabitants*. 

CASCO LOST. 

- ** About the beginning of May 1690, the French and Indians 
between four and five hundred were seen at Casco, in a great 
ieet of canoes passing over the bay ; but not seeing or hearing* 
any more of them for twoor tikree weeks together, the Casconians 
flattered themselves with hop» that they were gone another 
way. But about May 1 6, those hopes were over ; for one Ores- 
son a Scotchman, then going out early, fell into the mouths of 
these hung^ savages. It proved no kindness to Casco, though 
it proved a |^at one to himself, that a commander so qualified 
as Capt. Williard, was called off two or three days before. But 
the officers of the place now concluding that the whole army 
of the enemy were watching for an advantage to surprize the 
town, resolved that they would keep a strict watch for two or 
three days, to make some further discovery before they sallied 
forth. Notwithstanding 4his, one Lieut Clark, with near thirty 
of their stoutest yonng men, would venture out as fisir as the top 
of an bill in ithe entrance of the wood, half a inile dbtant from 
the town. The outlet from the town to the wood, was through 
a lane that had a fence on each side, which had a certain block 
house at one end of it ; and the English were suspicions, whem 
they came to enter the lane, that the Indiaos were lying behind 



77 

the fence, because the cattle stood staring^ that way, and would 
^not pass into the wood as they used to do* This mettiesome 
company then ran up to the fence with a huzza ! thinking there- 
by to discourage the enemy, if they should be lurking there ; 
but the enemy were so well preppured for them, that they an- 
sweied them With an horrible Tengeanee, which killed the Lieu- 
tenant .with thirteen Mi»re upon the ^t, and the rest escaped 
wi& much i«do . unto one of the garrisMis, The enemy then 
coming into the tomi^beset all the garrisons at once, except the 
fort ; which were manfuiiy (defended, so long as their ammuni- 
tion Ja3ted ; but that beiagspent without a prospect of a recruit, 
they qnitted all the fofor garrions, vad by the advantage of the 
night got into the figrt. Upon this the enemy setting the town 
on fire, bent tibeaa* whcde &ice against the fort, which had by 
it a deep gr^iUy that contributed not a little unto the ruin of it ; 
lor the besieges getting into that gully, lay below the danger 
of our guns. Here the enemy began their mine which was car- 
ried so near the walls that the English, who by fighting fire days 
and four nights, had the greatest part of their men killed and 
wounded* (Capt. Lawrence mortally among the rest,) began 
a pariey with tiiem. 

• Articles were agreed, that they should have liberty to mardh 
unto the next English town, and have a g^ard for their safety 
in their march ; and the French commander, lifting up his lumd, 
swore by the everlasting God for the performanee of these ar- 
ticles. But the agreement was kept as those that were made 
with Hugonots used to be. The English being first admonish- 
ed by the French that they were all rebels fi>r proclaiming the 
Prince of Orange their King, weife captired, and many of them 
crueliy murdered by the Indians. Only some of them (and par- 
ticularly Major Davis) were carried unto Canada where- the ' 
gentry very civily treated them. The garrisons at Papoodock, 
Spurwink, Black Point and Blue Point, were so disanimated^t 
these disasters, that without orders they drew off immediately 

• Wbeii Co^. "Wfyti^ vtc&kttpahltd bf tht famoat 1ltnJ«Biin Gbii«di« wene 
fron Bmuhi ft9 baiW » Sort at Pu«aqaid in 1792% they stopped at Casco in their 
way and bailed the boaca of th« dead, and took off thcgrwt t<>n^^hat #ei« fbere. 

' a2 



'^ 



7« • 

to Saco twenty mUes within Casco, and from Saoo in a few days 
also they drew off to Wells twenty miles within the said Saco ; 
and about Wells drew off as far as Lieut Storer*i(*.'* 

1694. 
** The Indians (as the captires inform us) being hungry, and 
hardly bestead, (accommodated,) passed through deserted Cas- 
co, where they espied seyeral horses in Capt. Bracket's ordiard. 
Their famished squaws begg'd them shoot the horses, that they 
might be reriyed with a tittle roast meat; but the young men 
were for having a Uttle sport before their supper. Ddving 
their horses into a pond, they took one of them, and furnished 
him with an halter suddenly made of the main and the tail of 
the animal^ which they cut o£ A son of the famous Hegon was 
ambitious to mount this Pegassean steed ; but being a pitiful horse- 
man, he ordered them for fear of his fiadling, to tie his legs fast 
under the horse's belly. No sooner was this beggar set on horse- 
back, and the spark in his own (pinion, thoroughly equipt, but 
the mettlesome horse furiously and presently ran with him out 
of sight. Neither horse nor man were ever seen any more ; the 
astonished tawnies howled after one of their nobility, disappear- 
ing by ^ch an unexpected accident. A few days after they 
fbnnd one of his lei^s (and that was all) which they buried in Capt. 
Bracket's cellar, with abundance of lamentationf.'* 

1698—9. 
Jan. 14. A treaty which Gov. Pbips made with ^ the Indian 
Kings of the East" in 1692, but which they did not faithfully ob- 
serve, was this year ^^ renewed^ ratified and confirmed, at Mare's 
Point in Casco Bay, subscribed by Moxus and a great nuinber 
BoreJ 

17<». 
At Casco Bay,' the Indians came together, being upwards of 
&00 besides Frenchmen, commanded by Monsieur Bobasier, who 
had ransacked & laid waste several settlements, and being flush- 

• Mather'* Magiurila. 



79 

td with success, and having one great sUm^ and two shallops and 
much plunder, attempted to undermine the fort b^ the wateir 
side, in which they proceeded two days^and two nights, and 
would have effected their design if they had not been prevented 
by the arrival of Capt. Southack, who rairad the seige, made 
them bring their sloops, with all their stores and plunder-— re- 
duced their shallops, and shattered tiieir navy, which was up- 
wards of 200 canoes. 

1703. 

Governor Dudley had a conference at Casco, with delegates 
from the tribes of Norridg^walk, Penobscot, Pigwacket, !Peno- 
eook and Amariscoggin, who assured him, that they had not the 
most distant thought of breaking the peace ; that the union was 
*^ £rm as a mountain, and should continue as long as the sun and 
moon." But while they made these assurances, they were 
strongly suspected of hostile intentions. 

Whether such suspicions were well founded or not, in the 
^ce of about six weeks aflter, a body of 500 French and Indians 
in various parties, attacked all the settlements from Casco to 
Wells, and killed and took 130 people, burning and destroying 
all before them.^Indeed9 ^ the whole eastern countiy was in 
a conflagration, no house standing, or garrison uilattacked*.** 

1712. 
la the spring after the peace of Utrecht was known in^Amer* 
ica, the Indians sent in to Maj. Moody, at Casco, to pray that 
there might be a peace between the English and them : also 
proposed a treaty to be held there—but the .Governor thought 
it more to his honor to oblige them to come to Portsmouthf . 

1723. 
In April, the Indians killed and took eight persons at Fal- 
mouth and Scarborough. Among the dead was .the Serjeant of 
the fort, Chubb, whom they tbok to be Capt Harmon, and no 
less than fifteen of them, aimed at him at the same time and 
Ibdged eleven bullets in his body. Thte was lucky for the rest, 
many more escaping to the fort than would have done|. 

* Holmes' Amer* Aooals. 

t Hatclun5oa« i Ibid* 



8a r 

A «e«atioQ of «ra» Wis ai:f«ed upon. Mild fimr delegate o^ 
flooB after to B«itoQ and fligiied a tr^ftt j« 



IifttUKt' CausLTT TO Captivzi. 

. TbeurcniBlty wm ohieflf eicercited upon children, and sudi 
aged, infinaor cflrpalent ptnoM as ooold not hear the faardshipa 
of a journey through the wilderness. If they took a woman te 
advanced in pregnancy, their knives were plunged into her 
bowels. Aa infant, when it became troublesome, had its braias 
dariied iwt against the next tree or stone. Sometimes to tor- 
ment the wretched mother, they would beat the child till almost 
dead, or hold it andor water till its breath was just gone, and 
then , throw it to her to comfort and quiet it If the mother coald 
r^A. readily st^ its weeping, the hatchet was buried in its scidl. 
A captive, wearied with the burden laid upon his shoulders, was 
often sent to rest the same way* * * "* Sometimes a fire would 
be kindled, and a threatening given out against one cm* rnore^ 
though there was no intention oi sacrificing them, only to make 
qport of their teiror. ^^ * * If a captive appeared sad and de« 
jectedt he was sure to meet with iusult ; but if he could sing 
and dance and laugh with his master, he was caressed as a broth- 
er. They had a strong aversion to negroes, and generally kil- 
led them when they fell into their iiands. * *^ * A sale among 
the French of Canada was the most happy event to a captive, 
especially if he became a servant in a family ; tfiough sometimes 
there, a prison was their lot, till opportunity presented for their 
redemption ; while the priests employed every seducing art to 
pervert tiiem to the Popish religion, and induce them to aban- 
don their country. These circumstances, joined with the more 
obyjous hardships of ti^vellin^ half naked and barefoot through 
pathless deserts, over craggy mountains and deep swamps, 
through frost, rain and snow, exposed by day and night to the 
inclemency of the weather, and in summer to the vmiomous v 
stings of those numberless insects with which the woods abound ; 
the restless anxiety of nund, the retrospect of past scenes of 
pleasure, the remcmbranoe oi distant friend^, the bereavements 



81 

experienced at the beginning or during the progress of the 
cdtptlTity, and the daily apprehension of death, either by famine 
or the savage enemy ; these were the horrors of Indian captiyity. 
* On the other hand, it must be acknowledged that there have 
been instances of justice, generosity and tenderness, during these 
wars, which would have done honour to a civilized people^ *** 
They would sometimes '* carry children on their arms and 
elioulders, feed their prisoners with the best of their provisions,- 
and pindtk themselves rather than their captives should want 
lbod.'» 

' In thus preserving the lives and healdi of their prisoners, they 
iloubtless had a view of g^n. But the most remarkably favor- 
able circumstance in an Indian captivity, was their decent be- 
haviour to women. I have never read, nor heard, nor could 
find by inquiry, that any woman who fell into their hands, was 
ever treated with the least immodesty,, but testimonies to the 
contrary are very frequent*. Whether this negative virtue is 
to be ascribed to a natural frigidity of constitution, let philoso- 
phers inquire : the fact is certain. Belkhap. 

For particular instances of cruelty, see Jlfot^r^tf Jtfii^naZia. 
—One only of many I will here transcribe. 

MART PLiAISTED. 

Mary Plaisted, the wife of Mr. James Plaisted, was made a 
captive by the Indians, about three weeks after her delivery of 
a male child. They then took her with her infant, off her bed, 
and forced her to travel) in this her weakness, the best psbrt of a 
day, without any respect of pity. At night, the cold ground, in 
the open air, was her lodging ; and for many a day she had no 
nourishment but a little water, with a little bear's flesh, which 
rendered her so feeble, that she, with her infant, were not far 

* Mary Rowlandson. who was captured at Lancaster In i575« has this pas- 
sage in her narrative : ** I have been with these roaring lions and savage bears« 
that feared neither God nor man. nor the devilf bj day and night » alone and in 
companv, sleeping all sorts together ; and yet not one of them ever offered me 
the least abase of unchastity In word or actioiu Other tcttioumlct mii^ bo 
•dded. 



82 

ftom bein^ totally starFed. Upon ber cries to God^ there wa& 
at leng^ some supply sent in, by ber master's takinip a moose^ 
the brotb whereof recoTered her. But she must now travel ma- 
By days through woods and swamps, and rocks, and over moun- 
tains and frost, and snow, until she could stir no for&er. Sit- 
ting down to rest, she was not able to rise, until ber diabolkal 
master helped her up^ and then tookher child Aram her, and car- 
ried it unto a river, where strij^ing it of the few rags it had^ he 
took it by the heels, and against a tree dashed out his brains, and 
flung it into the river. So he returned unto the miserable moth- 
er, telfing her, »h$ wu now eased ^her burUim, andr must walk 
fhster thaft she dad; before. 



y 



PARTSETCOND. 



PORTLAND. 



PKlSSENT SMITE OTP THE TOWN OP POETLAND. 



THE tofwn of Portland is about three miles long, and upon an 
average about three qmtrters of a mile wide. It contains with- 
in its limits (exclusiye of streets, and what is covered with wa- 
ter) 2151 acres of land, and 6 acres of marsh, and at present, 
8581 penonsl^. 

There are- now the foUowing public buildings in tiie town, 
rizi aSlate House— an elegant Brick Court House*-»4k large 
Stone Gaol-*a large three story Brick Academy f— a large 
three story Brick Building belonging to the Bank of Portland 
—a like Brick Buildiog formerty erected' for an Insurance Of- 
fice, but now owned by the Cumberland Bank, and occupied as 
a Bank, a Custom House, and other "Offices — *Pen Houses of 
Public Worship, viz : 3 lor Congregatiobalists — 1 jfbr Baptists 
-—l for Episcopalians— 1 for Methodists — 1 for Union Society— 
1 for Independent Methodists— 1 for Friends— and 1 forXJniver- 
salists— 5 School Houses — 700 Dwelling Houses ; in, or adjoin- 
ing which, are 61 Shops}— 260 other Shops— 306 Barns— 66 
Ware Houses— 11 Bake Houses — 6 DistiU-Houses— 7 TanHou- 
' ses— 7 Slaughter Houies-^l Iron Works and Fumace«^94 oth- 

* This it according to tbe last census, i8«o. By the censot of i8io« ihe 
sown then conmiiitd 71^ te 1800— 3fa4« And hi 1790, hut ^2^0, 

t The two upper stories of this bailding are now occupied by Masonic 
4 edges. 

t A gentleman has sent me an account of tbe number of buildings in this 
town, in the year i797.' which I thinlc pioper to nftte liere, as Ibllows, via :— 
dwelling houses, 390'; meclAnics' shops* 86 ; bairns and eat4ioiisft« 288; mer. 
'chaAts' stores and shops, >8 ; offices, $ ; rope ficroricftr 3 ; dlatiUtriet* s ; meet 
ing hoQ9ts, 4 ; school-hoases, 2 ; court-house and gaol. 



84 

er BuikUQgs— a Pott-Ofto^**! 5,583 Tons of Venel8--M9,096 
superficial Feet of Whanreft— a Labraiy, belonging to a number 
of penotts associated for its support, containing about 1200 Vol- 
umos an Insurance Office— Institution for Savings— and 27 
other Institutions and Societies, (as hereafter particularized) be« 
aides Religious Societies 6 Engines— 7 Public Schools*, viz. 
4 Masters' Schools ; 3 Afistress' Do. ; and about 40 Private 
Schools. 
Accounts of the Societies here follow :— 



RELIGIOUS SOCIETIEaL 

1. 
2%e FirH Congr$gaiioiml Soddy* 

This Society is coeval with the town of Falmouth, being what 
remained of it, after the separation of other Societies taken 
therefrom. At the incorporation of the town of Portlaod, the 
Rev. Mr. Smith, and the Rev. Mr. (late Doct.) Deane, were 
Colleague Pastors. Mr. Smitli died, May 23, 1795^. laid Doctor 
Deane, Nov. 12, 1814. [See page.l4»] 

JZ!!ke Seamd CongregaHonal Societjf, 

This Sooiety was incorporated March 17, 1788. The Rev. 
Mr. Kellogg, was the first Pastor. He was ordained Oct 1, 
1788. The Rev. Mr. Payson was ordained as a Colleague with 
him, Dec. 16, 1807. A dissolution of this connection took place, 
in Dec. 1811; in consequence of which, the gentleman - laftt 
mentioned, became, and now continues to be, the solePastmr.- 

3. 
T%e Third CongregaiUmal Soctely. 

The Third Congrogational Society, was incorporated March 
8, 1808. It had no settled Minister, until March 14, 1810, when 



* While the printers are preptring the t^rpetJerthit paje, it appears hf 

an advercbement of the School Committee, that aa additional School is soon to 

he established, to consist of,schoIars selected from the other schools, «* for 

their proficiencjr and food behaviour ;" and Ic ie required of the Instructor, 

'* thathebeweilqualiiiedto teseh the Engiish^ Laf/o, and Cre^k Lanpugits^ 

Math»matic^ C9mp9si4im aod Elocution, to the extent osnally taught In Aa4 
emits.*' 



9ff * 

:a^€3iurch was formed, andlbe Rev. Nafhan S.B. Beeman er*. 
dained a4 Pastor of the said C^rch and Coog-regation. Aboat 
a year after, his healtii became imipaired, and he took a journey 
tp the Southward for the improvement of it. He. was gone about 
ten months, and hayitig found the oUmate more ^yorable to bis 
health ^^an this, he requested, and, by agreement of his society 
and a mutoal Council called for^the purpose, obtained a regular 
dismission in June, 181^ Previous to this, the Society being 
destitute of a Minister, the. Rev. Mr Kellogg, whose pastoral 
XX)nnection with the second church and congregfation in Port- 
land had been dissolved, was employed to minister to such as 
yr^ve disposed to assemble in the Meeting-House of said Society ; 
luHt those who were members of the Churph all left it and went 
ifft retigious instrpctvm .to the Meeting-Hoose iof the second 
Parish*. Those who remained ^n96d a new Society, nnder the 
denomination of the Chapel Congregational Society**but the 
former ' Society continued in existence until February, 1914,. 
when, fay agreement with the members of the Chapel Congr^ 
gatiooal Society, who had purchased tlie pews of all the mem- 
bers of the third Society, notdenroaa of being united with them, 
made a joint application to the Xiegislature for an act to set off 
and annex to the new Society >thosejn«nbers who had joined in 
the formation of it, and to dissolve the sqid third Congregational 
Society, on certaia terms and conditions mentioned in said act. 
Their request was complied with, and theSociety was thereupon 
dissolved. 

4. 

Chapel Congregational Sockty, 

" J- ■ " • ' 

This Society was formed some time before the 18th March, 

1812, partly by some who had been members of the third Congre- 
gational Society and partly by others, who had joined them, 
when a church was formed, and the Rev. Elyah Kellogg, thea. 
Uistalled as the pastor of the same. 

The Society was incorporoted the ^th Oct following. The 
Rev. lliomas Murdock having received and anceipted a call i% 

*Thcy were wmctiiDe after rec^iiredftt mcnikerB ef thtilMirch io fsOa Pari^. 



96 

' settle, as a coUea^e with Mr. Kellog^g*, was ordaiiied on ^th0 
99th Sept 1819— but by ag^'eezttent with the church and con- 
Ifregfation, and by a mutual Council called for the purpose, he 
was, on or about the S8th March last (18S1) regularly dismifised 
-—80 that Mr. Kellogg is now sole pastor of that church. 

5. 
BftMCopaUM^ Society. 

[See page 16.] 

6 
Friends. 

It may not be amiss to observe, «s to the Society of this denom- 
ination, that it originated in England, A. D. 1644 — having for 
its head George Fox, bom at Dray ton,^in July, 1624. 

In about seven years, the preachers of their principles increas- 
ed in number tosu^ a' degree -that no less than sixty ministers 
were raised up in Great Britain, and before the close of that 
century were spread in most of the European Kingdoms and in 
America. Adherents to them first came to New England in 
1656. Here, as well as in England, they met with cruel perse- 
otttions, which it would be foreign to my design to set forth. 

' Before the year 1696 they held meetings as other christians 
for worshipj on the first day of the week ; also at other times as 
occasions required. At an annual meeting that year, it was 
recommended to Friends living at a distance, to hold meetings 
in their familes ; and for the regular administration of discipline 
and other helps, they established in their Society four other kinds 
of meetings, viz. Preparative, Monthly, Quarterly and yearly 
meetings. In these worship and business were connected. 

The authority of the first was only to judge of the propriety 
of carrying ^be tnAtter^^'before it to^e higher meetii^s, at 
nHiiCh deputies, xonsisting-of persons of both sexes, are appoint- 
ed to remove it to the next in'Otider,'and there join in the trans- 
action of any 6ther business that may regularly cqjne before - 
them. The first meeting in the State of Maine wafc held in the 
upper, part of York, in Dec. 1662, by three, women, w|io.h«f 



8» 

heen prosecuted and whipped at Dover, in N. H* (ra* A^a^ 
CoiemaO) Mary Tomkiosand Alice Ambrose.) , •> 

Soon after, another was held at Berwick — ^but no account of 
ttnj other meeting can he fi>und for more than 60 years, when 
in October, 1730, one was held by a few families found in Kit- 
tery. 

In 1743 a meeting for wOTfAnp*vnA set tip in Falmouth, andie 
1750 one was regularly established in Berwick. 

The next was established in Windham, .in lVi9,' After thii, 
meetings were multiplied in di^Sferent parts of th^.State^ wheit, 
ii^ 1790, the present Society in Portland was established. It is 
unnecessary to enumerate this many meetings that have been 
established since. I will only add, 'that the most general awa- 
kening, or, in the langfuage of the Society^ " the most general 
convincement, tliat has ever taken place in Maine, happencid 
during the Revolutionary War, principally through the instru- 
mentality of David Sands, late of Cornwall, in the State of New 
York, an eminent minister of this Society." 

.The foregoing account was taken from a more* particular one, 
handed to me by a respectable member of the Portland ^ociety, 
and though it may be considered as principally historical; wiS^ 
1 flatter myself, be acceptable to the reader. 

The tenets of the Society, and their mode of worship, are we^l 
known, as well as the spread of such Societies throughout tlie 
United States. Were it otherwise^ I should think it imprope|T 
to extend this artiole by an insertion of them. No further ad- 
count therefore, I apprehend, will be expected. 

7 
Tlti Methodists, 
*' The first Minister of this Denomination who visited Port- 
land, was Rev. Jesse Lee, a. d. 1793. And in the following 
year, a Society of this order was formed, which continued un- 
^er the care of Circuit Preachers, until the year 1804, when 
the Rev. Joshua Taylor, was stationed in the Society, and con- 
tinued with them two years*. He was succeeded by Rev. Da • 

* ** According to the discipline of the Methodist Episcopal Charch, their 
Ministers who belong to thdltlnersmt connection are not stationed more th^m 
f wo yean soccessivelf, aad often bvt one year, in the same place." 



w 

yfH BmlelMBler, who oootimied one year. R«¥. Joel Wim^ 
came next, and was suoceidiil in layimg^ die firandation of tliesr 
ftesBnt Home of Worsbtpy and lamed doo yean. Hev« & 
faphrai Kibby followed^ and wai with them iwo yean. BeVi 
Martin Raler, ene year. Rev. John Londaey, one. Rer. Dan- 
iel FdlemorO) tioo. Rev. Eleazer WeUa, one. Rev. Jacob Sao* 
%oni, ofie. Rev. EUfah Heddin|^» ime. Rar Cbnslet Vii^i^efie; 
mid Rev. SoioBon Bias, iieo yean. Rev. El^ah Kilbom^ u H^ 
fveaent Minieter. Rev. Jothna Ta^or* faavin|^ located in Fort« 
lua^ stfli contiBiieB with this Society. 

8 
JPSrit BapM Society in Pmiland, 
This Society waa incorporated February 12, 1820. ^y a» 
act passed June, l9St6i it is provided that any persons belong^in^^ 
fo the town of Portland, desirous to become membera of this So- 
ciety, by giving notice thereof in writing to 1^ Clerk of th^ 
Parish or Society ttiey intend to leave, seven days at least be- 
ibre the annual meeting thereof^ and being accepted by said £rst 
Baptist Society, shall from and after such acceptance become 
members of the same ; and any person may cease to become a 
member of said Society by giving notice in writing to the Clerk 
«f the same in manner aforesaid : 

PmoewM, That in both cases such pefsgns shall be hpl4en p 
pay all taxes lawfully assessed on thdr polls or states a| the 
time of their joining or leaving said Socie^. 

By the same act all the powen and privileges given Id the 
other religious societies and pnoprieton of Meeting-Hooses in 
Portland, by an act passed February 12, 1809, are extended to 
this society, and to the proprieton of the Meeting-Hous^ by 
them occupied. 

*' The first Baptist Church in this town was constituted July 
My 1801. The number of memben at that time was ten ; one 
of this number was Mr. Benjamin Titcomb, who was requested 
to take charge of them as their pastor the 28th Sept. following. 
In 1803 the first Baptist Meeting-House in Portland was erected 
by the Baptist Society. In 1804 Mr. Titcomb was dismissed to 



8a 

the Baptist chnrch in Brunswick, of which church he continues 
to be the pastor. Hie successor was the Rev. Josiah Convers^ 
■ ordained October 21, 1807. At his request he was dismissed 
from the pastoral office, April 30, 1810. 

After this, the Rer. Caleb Blood was requested by the church 
to take the pastoral care. With this request he complied aiid 
commenced hi9 labors in June of the same year. In 1811 a 
new and capacious house of worship was erected.-rMr. £l6od 
died March 6, 1814." 

• ^ _ 

The next Pastor was the Rey. Thomas B. Ripley, ordained 
July 24, 1816, and he is' yet Uie Pastor of that Church. 

Urwon Society. 
' On the 11 A of January, 1810, " twelve persons, who had fel- 
lowship with each other," and considered themselves as ** bom 
of God, and united in one spirit," conformable as they conceiv- 
ed, to that of St. Paul, manifested in the fourth chapter of bis 
'^istle to the Ephesians, " embodied themselves together," with 
a Pastor by the name of Elias Smith, and ^mutually agreed to 
drop all party names by which 'professors of different denomina- 
tions distin^ids^ed thtimsehr^s in that day,' and, -' from their 
belief in Christ, as the true Messirit, to resume the-ancient naine 
of Chrisikmty* by which the disciples of Christ were called in 
the days of[ the apostles. According to these principles, they 
haTe fellowship^ and communioa with christians of all descrip- 
tions. ** Although the ChuicU was gathered by Mr. Smith, they 
are not to be considered as embracing his peculiar tenets, any 
inore than those of any other sectarians. They have no creed 
but the Scriptures— are nnder no ecclesiastical government ; 
j>ut endeavoTi according to the best of their understanding, to 
.decide all questions liecoTdiing to the perfect law tfUberty.'** 
^ *' Elder Smith continued with them over one year, and then 
jnoved to Philadelphia." Tbej soon after invited Elder Samuel 
Rand, '' to takp the pastoral care of the Church, who continues 
with them^ to the j^retent time." 
In. August, 1817, tho Churchy and others associated witli 

i2 



do 



'4b6iii, porvbased die M Court House ; and lunre-ttnoe 
a Teijr neat and commodious bouse of worship. The Socie^ 
was inooiporated in April, 1821, by the nane and s^le of 
M Union Society.^ 

10 
Independent JifeihodUi Soddy. 
lliis is not the name assumed by the Society, for they bare 
liMt any yet ; but they are such in reality— not being' under the 
discifdine of the Methodist Episcopal Churdi, although they are 
ttethodistsl>y profession. They belon|^ in part, to the Socie- 
ty of Methodists in this tbwn — ^firom which, on the last Sabbath 
in January, A. d. 1819, fifty of them seceded. On the eeventh 
day of February next following, they by agreement fonned this 
Society, and admitted ofhers to join {hem. After which, they 
engaged Mr. Timothy Wo]coU, who had been an ordained El- 
der, and wlio h^ withdrawn his standing with them, to be, and 
be now is, ^fhelr Minister. They hatre also appointed such Ofli- 
cers, and made such regulations, as they deemed proper, and 
liaye Isi^ely built a new Meeting House. 

11. 
The Fiird Unhenai Scekhf in PcrUand, 
Though for many years there hare been individuals !n Port^ 
land, professing to believe in the #cK$trhie (ff ^ Redemption and 
Unirersal Salration,^ who ** lunre occasionally ^nployed toich* 
ers, whose religious idews they eonsidered more congenial with 
their own, Ihan those of the etated preachers of tiie several 
Churchess they were never defy orgaidced and associated J>r 
the regular support of the gospel, and their parljeular faith, till 
Feb. 12, 1824." They have be)^Q since, {^ree. o|[k the ISth April; 
1821,) legally^establishedasaSooiety, in flie manner pokited 
out by « late law of the State, entitled ■*^ An Act concerning 
Parishes.'' Their present Minister is the Hev. RusseD Streeter. 
The -Society has ^ made choice ofeuch Ofllcers for the year, as 
were deemed •ivecesmry," and a]3^inted ^ a Committee' toerM 
«( a convenient House for Public Worship." '* Ae M, 
some materials for the<buUding, are purehased.'^ 



91 



[Since writi])|^ the aboye, (about two moBtbs nnce,) the Soeir 
ety bag erected, and completely finished, with a high Steeple, 
a yery handsome Meediig House, serenty-fiye feet in leng^and 
forty-four feet in width. A Bell, for said meeting-bouse, weigb- 
iiig 1236 pounds, has just arrived.^ 



OTHER SOCIETIES AND INSTITUTIONS; 

Arrcmged according io the priorUy of tknein ¥^idnAey 

formed* 

1 

Portiand library. 
This was oi^^iaally established in 1763. It was revised in 
1 786, and re-estaUisbed in 1 806. A catalouge of 'the books, with 
ft list of proprietors, and new regpilations, were published in 18t5| 
and republished with amendments in 1821. The number of 
members was not to be limited. New members are admitted 
by a major vote of the society present at any meeting' ; the vote 
to be determined by yeas and nays in writing, or by a standing 
oommittee of the proprietors. Every member is required to 
pay two dollars annually for the increase of the libraiy. The 
present number, holding each a Aare is 78. >lt now contains 
abott ISOOvohunes* 

t 
PxMand Academy 
Tbm institnlion was incorporated in 4794. It has a lai^e 
. three story brick Jbailding, wlucb, with the land on which H 
stands, cost $7300. The two upper stories are now occupied by 
aiasonio lodges* Its funds, which consist of bank stock and a 
loan certificate, produce an annual income, amounting with the 
i«nt of these two stories, tp about $240.'*' The salaries of die 
PxeeepUKP %nd bis assistant are now paid by the tuition money 
of the students. . The Trui^tees meet monthly. The number of 
.^udents is limited to 70. 

. *Sone^s«nefW»dQiiajUastiaif» beta made 40 tlieAMd«m7,bo(th«ycaiis^ 
^•c^nctijr suoertainrd*. ... 



92 

8 

Portiand Mwrmt Soady. 
Thii society was designed ''for the promotion of the knowl- 
edge of narigation and seamanahiis and' for (he relief of decarfed 
and disahled seamen, and that of poor widows and orphans of 
deceased seamen.^ It was. incorporated in 179& its lands are 
about $4000. The nunher of itemembers, is 62. 

■ 

4 

Portland BenevolerU Socieiy. 

This society was incorporated in. the year 1803. Its design 
was to reliere and assist those who nught reqmre rehef in a 
manner different from. Ihat which is by law provided, ibr the 
support and ranployment of the poor. It was not to go into op- 
eration, until the sum subscribed should amount ta^GOOO. Tiiis 
sum was obtained by subscriptions, of from five to.fiity.<loUars a 
year and one prompt payment of twenty dollars. . Throu^^ the 
misfortune of some members, and the delinquency of others the 
fanda drawing interest are now but little more than $3000. This 
interest, with the annual contributions, which have amounted up« 
on an amperage to $100 a year, are the supports of the Society. 
Some private donations have aided it ; hut those since the «stab- 
lishmeut of the Society^ have amounted only to 133 dollars^ 
Managers are annually appointed to distribute the sums received* 
They meet once every month for this purpose. 

■6 ' 

Bibie Soday of^ine. 

This was tiie fourth Bible Society established in the United 
States. (The first was at Philadelphia— the second at Hartford, 
Conn.-*and the third at Boston.) Itwas formed in August 1 809, 
and incorporated in March 1810. It has 4io funds that draw in- 
terest, but is supported by subacriptJons, donations and contri- 
butions. The nnmberof subscriber^ha&'been nearly two hun- 
dred, subject to the paynwnt of one ddHidrannnaliy, the chief'' 
of whom are inhabitants of Portla«d^^>nt>Ax>ni divers cause*, 
the number of efficient members has been miN^ reduced (per^ 

•A« the ineeti»g»nr tlib atochtyy and ofHf ThMtees, ftr« hdlden in no other 
iPUco th.tn Portland, I h^ve thought it fit to insert tbrsccooilt of it here* 



baps oae haljfl) TlnPiloiia^tMm raad<^ ta tfa« $oeiftt|r «iiiM 1^ ff^ 
tablisbment (ladudiD^ £100 from tl^e ]$ritk|iaiid Foreign Bibjip 
Society, and siuni| rec^red from the Oxford Bible Sooietyj^ a* 
mount to (1987. The contribut^fps at the annual meet|Q^<^ 
the Society (when a Discourse or 4<^d|rass is deliyfsxed) 1uit9 
apounted, on an aTerag«» to |^ a year. Thiei Trustees .meel; 
enqe every two months^ knd. haT« sub-committees for the purr 
chasfB and distribution of 9ibles» under their direction— but the 
extentof their business basbeen reduced by the recent establish^ 
men t of Independent Societies in every county in the State, exceplt 
that in the county pf Oxford* which is auipUiary ip thi9f Py a 
rote of the Society, at a meeting held at Portland, on the 16th 
October, 1816, it became auxilia^ to the American Bible Society. 

- . 6 

. JPortiand'Femal^ Spok^ fpt MUsionary Purposes, 
This Society was instituted August 1st, 1809, ** for theexpr^ 
purpose of aidixii^ ^ssions." ^be present number of members 
is ISl. None are to be admitted but such as sustain a good 
moral character, ajtid whose vjic)K^s and mot^yes they have reason 
to hope are tight* No member is bolden to pay more that one 
dollar a year. The members pf it meet on the last Wednesday 
•f evtry month. The time (more than what is necessarily em- 
ployed in transacting the busing of the Society) is deyoted to 
religious exercises. 

7 
The Portland Foreign J\ti9sion Society* 
This Society was originally instituted, Jan. 3(H 1812, ^ for 
the purpose of raising money to aid the American Board of 
Commissioners for Foreign Missions," in their desigpi of send- 
ing Missionaries to the Heathen. It was not to continue iU 
existence longer than three years, unless a majority of thJ9 
members should by a new subscription see fit to renew it. It 
was renewed accordingly, May 15, 1816, under some new con- 
ditions and regulatioiM ; one c^ which was, that each member 
oar donor might hare his contribution applied, either to the purw 
pose of aiding the American Boturd pf Commissioners, ajg^re^- 



9\ 

Bly to its ori^nal desi^— <if promoting the traauhifidflrof fh^ 
Holy Scriptures— or of educating Heathen children and yontbf 
It provides for an annual meeting^, sermon or address, and 
contribution, at such time and piace as the committee for con» 
dlicting* the business of the society may appoint; the contributions 
to be applied in equal proportion to the sereral purposes above- 
mentioned. Each member of the sodety had liberty to subscribe 
for the payment of such a sum annually as he saw fit. The num* 
ber of orig^inal members was 51, and the amount of their annual 
subscription upwards of (300. T%e present number is Mty^ and 
the annual amount of their subscription $120. 

8. 
Femaie Chariiahle Society. 
This society was formed in 1812, and consisted at that time of ^ 
but 20 members. The number now is 112. It is supported by 
their annual subscriptions, amounting to $120, and an annual 
contribution made on the delivery of a discourse adapted to thk 
occasion. It was formed " for the purpose of making* clothing^ 
and distributing the same to meritorious poor, and loaning bed- 
ding and clothes to the sick." It also, (during the summer 
months) " supports a school for female children.'^ 

9. 

Baptist Female Missionary Society, 
The object of this society, is to raise money '* for the express 
purpose of aiding missions." 

It was instituted Nov. 2, 1812. The members meet on the 
first Monday of every month, P, M. It is supported by subscrip- 
tions ; each member subscribing such> sum to be paid annually 
as she shall see fit. None are admitted members but those who 
jBustain a good moral character. The present number is 84. 
The annual subscriptions from 70 to 80 dollars. 

10. 
The Yomff Men's Society. ' 
This was formed in 1814, for religious conversation and iiih 
struction. The members, eighteen in number, at first contrib- 



9» 



•ted moB^ly,but now quarterly^ to raiae a iilQd from iflaoh to- 
Toliere the needy and to afford aid in the education ofindigeiit 
young men. They now have one wb6 has his chief, if not only, 
support from it. The contributionB hare hitherto amounted 
from 125 to $160 a year. 

Society for suppresting Vice and Immorality * 
A Society of this denomination was established this year (18T4) 
and may yet be in existence-— but as it seems to have been for 
some time past inactire, I have nei-numbered it in the list of other 
•Societies* 

11. 
Auxiliary Tract Society, 

This society was formed Jan. 1, 1815. It is supported by sub- 
scriptions of different sums, not less than one dollar paid annu- 
ally. Each subscriber is entitled to receive the amount of his 
subscription in tracts at the cost. 

If any remain on hand, after thirty days notice in one or more 
of fthe public newspapers, they may be distributed by the com- 
mittee. Its annual meeting is on the first Wednesday of January 
The officers are a President, Vice-President, Treasurer, Secre- 
tary, Collector, and Committee of purchase and distribution. 
The number of subscribers is 80, and the amount of the anaual 
subscription, about eighty dollars. 

12. . 
Maine Charitable Mechanic Association** 

This society was instituted January 16, and incorporated 
J^ime 14, 1815. The act of Inooiporation renders it capable in 
law ^ to purchase, have, hold, use, take, possess, retain, and en- 
joy, in fee simple or otherwise, any personal or real estate, not 
exceeding the value of $10,000 in oreal estate, and $10,000 in 
^personal estate,'' and gives it power ^' to sell, alien and dispose 
of the same at their pleasure. 

The objects contemplated by tbe society are '* the promotion 
.of industry, the encouragement of enterpriase, and the ameliora** 
H;ion of the condition of the unfoi^unate." Its government isvest- 

•-• As the meetings of this societies >nd of its trustees are holdeti in lio 
other rplacc than Portland* I have seen fit to insert the aceonnt of it here. 



«A III a VraMnt, YiO^VnAi^ui^ TraMvrar, SecieUrf aaa iiam 
Tnmtect. Each membet pays one doikr annuaUy* Tlie nuin- 
^erof tnembaf* at the fonnalioQ vi tbe ioeiety was 132. Tbere 
kare been some admitted aince. 

The meetings of the association are on the ftntToeidaysof 
April and October. Of the articles of its Constitution the fol- 
lawiiigisthe^concliision'^ : ^ It is recommended that all meet- 
ings of the asuQC^ation shall be opened with pn^er to Almighty 
^jod, that he would cpodeicend to meet with us, direct us, and 
bless us.'^ 

It has a fund of about $800, drawing interest 

Every Appentice, on arriving at twenty-one 3rear8 of age, 
who shall haye served his appreuticeship with fidefity and atten- 
tention, is to be furaiahed with a certificate of approbation, in a 
form prescribed^ under the hands of the President and Vice-Pres- 
ident, and the seal of the association. 

Under the government, and through the instrumentality of 
this association, with the aid of benevolent individuals, there was 
in September l^t, a library established, which is denominated 



The JHechamci Library, 
lor the use of the Apprentices of the respective members. It 
now consists of ISOO volumes, and has 900 persons, who partake 
<of its benefits. 

14. 
Maternal v^Moaofum. 
This is a Religious Association of Females who are mothen 
ef ^children; and is designed for inculcating religious principles 
in their niind(»— or, in the words of their printed Constitution, 
^bringing them up in the nurture afid admonition of the Lof^ 
aigreeably to their covenant engagements.'* The members meet 
once a month for reading, conversation and prayer ; and once in 
three months are allolwed to brin|r to the place of meeting such 
of their female ehiUbren, as are between 4 and 14 years of age. 
A small contribution is made at each meeting, fiir the formation 
of a select Library. It was instituted Feb. 14, 1816. The pres- 
ent number of Mejrnbers is sixty. 



&7 

15. 
Peace Society of McM^- 

This Society oiigriaated in 1816, and was oi'^ized by Ae 
establishment of a Constitution, and appointment of OfSccrs,<»n 
the 31st January, 1S17. It was the second of the kind in the 
^tate of Massachusetts, and the third %i the U. S. ; one in New^ 
York being the first. The ol^ect of it is, ^^ to exhibit in a clear 
and distinct manner, the pacific natone df the'Gespei, and td dif. 
fuse a spirit of love and hanoony, ^and an enlightened pbMan^ 
thropy and benevolence throughout the world ;" in pursuance 
of which, they hare procured andiUstributed, sundry tracts, and 
principally a series of Pamphlets, entitled,^' The Friend of 
Peace." The Society may be considered as in an infant state ; 
but it is hoped, that by suitable and sufficient nourishment, it 
will grow and become powerful, and with the help of similar .so- 
cieties, which are continually multiplying, hasten on the time 
when wars shall cease, and benevolence prevail, throughout 
the world. Tlie number of its members is now but forty-two, in- 
cluding eight Clergymen, who are not '^subject to any annual 
contribution or other expense." The rest pay one dollar a year. 
Each subscriber is entitled ** tbi^ceive one half of his subscrip- 
tion, in such pamphlets or publicaiiens aB the Society may pro- 
cure, and at the lowest price." 

Three of its members have lately died ; one of wham,Doct. 
Appleton, was the first President of the Society, ft has no 0th. 
er support than a tontribution at its annual meetings, when a 
discourse or address is delivered to promote the objecit of the In*> 
stitution. 

16. 
Portland Union Sabbath School Society* 
The important object of this Society " is the moral and relig- 
ious instruction of the young, by means of sdiools kept every 
Sabbath, at suitable seasons of the year, and during such time of 
the day, as may not be devoted to public worship." 

It was instituted Sept. 6, 1816, under the name of <<The Port- 
land Sunday School Society," and -its present Constitution estab- 
lished, under the above title, Jan. 21, 1821. Its officers, viz. a 

^ * At the meeting* of thtt society, and of its trmtees, are holdcn in no otlier 
plact than Portland, I hare thoogbt it fit to insert the account of it l^ere* 

K 



V9 



Fresident, Yiee-Pmldeiit, TreaBorer and Secretarf, togpetfier 
with the Teachen and Sapemnmeraries for each School, are 
annaaUy appointed at a meeting holden on the third Monday of 
March. The Instructors appoint one of fheir numher as Su- 
perintendant of their respective Schools. To the discretion of 
the Superintendant and Teachers for the time heingf, is left the 
method of reg^latioff and conducting* the School. The seyeral 
Ministers of the Gospel, in town, and the Female Teachers for 
the time heing, are admitted members, and invited to attend the 
meeting^ of the Society. 

The number of Members (besides these) is 94. The expens- 
es of the Society, for the purchase of Books,f&c.aredefrayed as 
they occur, by voluntary contribution. In 1819, the Society 
had received, during the preceding year, $219 25 ; and expen- 
ded $1217 34. 

I have had an opportunity to peruse the records of its proceed- 
ings, and am impelled to say, I felt an interest and satisfaction 

therein. 

f 

Juvenik Benevolent Society* 
This' is a Female Society, which was instituted Dec. 25, 1816, 
and now consists of Sixty Members. They annually pay^fty 
cents each, which is applied to the benevolent purpose of cloth- 
kig indigent children, and educating heathen youth. They 
meet'OQce in every month. 

18.' 

Female Sodefy/or promoting Chrtstianiiy among the Jeva, 

The style of this Society fully expresses its object ; and its 
funds are to be applied to it, *' according to the discretion of the 
Board.'' They are raided by payment of ten doHars, which con- 
stitutes a member for life ;ior by paying annually a sum not less 
than fifty cents. 

The members generally pay one dollar a year each-^oBie 
more. 

The present number is 100. It was instituted Feb. IJ, ISl^ 



19 
Trtutees of the Charity Fund in ihe First ParUh, 
A Fund of $833 was raised by the subscription of the Ladies 
of said Parish, preyious to the year 1818. They afterwards ap> 
pointed two Gentlemen of the Parish, to manage the same.-^ 
These Trustees, of whom tiie Minister or Ministers of the Par- 
ish are always ex officio to be one, were incorporated for the pur- 
pose, Feb. 10, 1818. They, with some other Grentlemen of the 
Parish, have contributed by subscription, the sum of $610, for the 
increase of the funds, which now of course amount to $1443* 
The interest thereof (or the income only) is to be applied by 
the Trustees, *^ in assisting^ and relieying the poor and necessi- 
tous members of the Parish, according to their best discretion, 
so as most effectually to answer the design of those who created 
the same.*' 

20, 
Second Church of Portland Jdusionary Society. 
On the 12th oi June, 1918, the members of the Second 
Church in Portland, formed theoaselve» into a Society, for the 
purpose of educating pious young men for the MissioBary ser* 
Tice. It is generally denominated. The Ckarch Mistionary 8o' 
tidy. 

The Funds of this Society are raised by monthly contribu- - 
tions at the concerts of prayer, and quarterly contributions af- 
t^ the communion serrice. Its concerns are managed by ten 
Trustees, consisting of tbe Pastor of the Church, the fourDea* 
eons, and ^re other members. The amount of money recei?- 
ed, up to the 4th Nor. 1820, was $659 71*. It has now un» 
der its support, three Beneficiaries, two of whom are at Bow- 
doin College. 

21. 
TruHees of the Ancient Landmark Charity Fund. 
This Institution was incorporated June 19, 1819. 
The Trustees haye power to receiye, possess^ and hold by 

* Besides this, the same Chnrch contributed the last month, after com- 
manion service, to the American Edacation Society, the sam of 300 dolls. ; 
the receipt of which* has hacn pablicly acknowledged hy tbe Trcasorer of thi« 
Society. 



100 

gift, grant, and purchase, any real or personal estate : Prom^ 
ded the value thereof do not exceed Ten lliousand Dollars— 
and are to employ the income,. interest and profits arising from 
such estate, in aqts of charity and benevolence, and not other- 
wise. The present amount of its Funds,^ drawing interest, is 

Beethoven Society, . 

*^ The Beethoren Society of Portland, wa» iastitnted, Janua- 
ry 16, a. d 1819. It consists at present of;; fifty-fire members, 
male and female. Its object and desigi^'ii, to cultivate and pro- 
mote a correct taste in the science and practice of Sacred Har- 
mony, and toco-operate with- otber similar Societies in our 
Country, in reviving and bringing forward into public notice,, 
those works and compositions of eminent masters, which justly 
entitle them to an imperishable name among all the lovers of 
sacred song. This Societ}?,. though of recent origin, has alrea- 
dy received many flattering tokens^ of public patronage ; and 
their concerts, which hare occasionally been given, have been ; 
fully attended. 

'^Its privileges of membership, are not limited tosPortland ;— 
many Gentlemen from different parts of the State, are made 
honorary member8> without being suii^ect to the r^^lations, 
which govern the stated meetings of the Society. 

'^Beethoyen, whose name this Society-bears, stands second to- 
none of the masters of melody, who have arisen and shone up- 
on Ike present age. And whUe a similar Society in Boston, has 
inscribed on their escutcheon the celebrated names of Handel 
and Haydn, the Beethoven Society of Portland, assumes the 
name of one, whose genius seems to anticipate a future age, and 
labors for the benefit of posterity." 

23. 
Female Education Society of Poriland and the Vicinity* 
This Society was formed in 1819, *' for the purpose of assist* 
ing.in the education of indigent pious young men for the Gos- 
pel Ministry ;" and is auxiliary to the Maine Brandt olthe A- 
merican Education Society. 



The present number of its members is one famidred. It hsus 
a Board of Managers, and is supported by annual subscriptions 
and GOntributions. 
Their annual meeting is on the first Wednesday of JujM* 
The annual subsoriptioos amount to about $120r 

24. 
InsUhiiion for Saoingsfar the Mm ofP^rUand, 
This Instituticni was established by an act of inoorporatkNir 
passed June 11^ tSW* With ttob usual powers necessary to car- 
ry into efiecty the design.of bodies corporate^ it is made ^ <»pa- 
ble of receding from any person or persons, $sposed to obtain 
and enjoy the advantage of said institation, any deposit or de- 
posits of money, and to use and improve the same to the best ad^ 
vantage ; ^e income or profits thereof^ to be applied amcmg 
persons making the deposits, their executors or administrators, 
in just proportion.'*' The prmcipat may however be withdrawn^ 
at such reasonable times, and in such manner ,ae the Society 
shall direct and appoint. 

PorOmd RelirfSoeUiy. 

This Society was incorporated Feb. 7, 1820. By the act of 
incorporation,, it is enabled to bold real and personal Estate, U^ 
the value of Ten Thousand Dollars; and to employ the income, 
interest and profits arising .therefmm, '^ in acts of charity and 
benevolence ; and not otherwise.'' 

The members of it are the same with those of the Portlaivl.-. 
Lodge. Its funds amount to about $1500.^ - 

26. 
Femak BenevoknU Sodeiy, 
The design oC thi^Society is " to promote all the objects of pub-* 
Fic charitable benevolenoef-«uch as Bible, Missionary, Educa* 
tion, Tract and- other benevolent Societies.'' "Bie present num- 
ber ofmembers is 6$, each of whom pays (in qastrteriy payments) 
an annual subsoription of such a certain sum, - as she sees £t to 
subscribe, behigf generally one dollar or fifty centg.-It wasiosti- 
tntedA(ailiM).1820. 



27. 

Portland JhmUary Jfarine Bible Society. 

This Society was instituted Sept. 10, 1820. Its sole object is-^ 

to circulate the Holy Smptures among' seamen. Each n^eml^r 

pays annually seyenty-fire cents^ and ten dollars constitutes a 

member for life. Any men^>er may i^ceire the amount of his 

subscription in Bibles, at^he cost.*-Its Board of Directors meet 

once in ti&fee months. . 'the annual meeting is on tfad second 

Monday in- Febraarx* 
After supplying the. demands, and.paying. incidental expenses, 

tl^e.surpliUria'fto be tnansnitted 16 < the Treasurer of the Ameri- 

Qftn Bibl](':Socioty^--!-Xhe present number of members is 86. 

28. 
Trustees of the J^ethodisi Society m Portland. 

By an act passed in February, 1821, Lemuel Gooding, Thomas 
Dodge, Joshua Taylor, Isaac Daris, Nicholas Sjtickney, Luther 
Rice and John Ayrcs, and their successors, tO£;rthrrMtt\ the 
minister having the pastoral charge, for the time beini^^uie 
Methodist Socioty in Portland, connected with the BMbodist 
Episcopal Church, as one of the United Societi^ thereof, were 
incorporated by this name— -and empowered to take and hold 
real and pergonal estate, the income Whereof should not exceed 
)$000, and to give- and grant, or baigain and sell the same, ac- 
cording to the wjfi and intent of the grantors or donors, Bud for 
the benefit of the Society and not'X>therwise. 

The number of the Board is ndt to exceed seven, ibur of whom 
including the President, to fojfin a quorum. They hare power 
to fiU vacancies, and to make by-laws, not repugnant to the laws 
of the State, nor the discipline of t)»eMetiiodist Episcopal Church. 

ItJnll not I presume bfer-i^uglA iii^mper,' iw wiH it I think 
• pmyje unacceptable to the reader, if I add to the accounts of 
.the beforenentioned^Ctonftiii&ie Societies, the following Poet- 
ical Address ^ Tothis .A^IKleBt ;"*— nor to the acconfats of the 
Musionary Societies^ if I subjoin the succeeding"** jtfimomR 
aryHymn/* 



lOS 
TO THE AFFLUENT. 

•' Assist them, hearts CromMigaish frcey 
** Ataitt theni) sweet hoistmity V^ 

AH ! ye who meet stera winter*s frowti^ 
Upheld by Fortune's powerful hand ; 

Who see the chilling sndw faU down, 
With all hep>comlbrt8 at bommand ; 

« 

O^! think of their les s happy doom, 
Whom Poverty** sharp woes assail, 

No sparkling fire, no cheerful room, 
Reyires their cheek, cold, wan, and psile. 

Deep howls the wind ! the pelting rain 
Drips through the shattered casement cold-, 

While the sad mother's arms contain 
Her infant, shivering in their fold. 

In vain they raise their piteous cry, 
And plead at hungry Nature's call ; 

Their only fpOd-a mother's sigh — 
Their only ivarmth the tears that fall. 

Stretch'd on his miserable bed. 

The wretched father sinks in grief; 

Pale sickness rests upon his head, 
And only hopes from death relief. 

The parent's tender, mournful eyes 
Mingle their faintand.faumid beams; 

Fresh woes from retrospection rise. 
Fresh source from memory's fountain streaniBi 

O, rich ! the transports might be thine. 
To soothe their sufferings into peace ; 

To bid the sun of comfort shine, 
And want's oppressive empire cease ! ; 

To see the glow of health's return 

Reanimate their faded cheek ! 
life's feeble spark rekindled, burn. 

And give what language canngt speak !' 

On Fancy's pinion oft I roam 

With Pity, partner of my flight; 
Forget awhile that grief's my own. 

And taste a soothing, sweet delight. 



td4 

Fofg«t dM many pmgtant woes, 
That weigh this droopti^ form to earth r 

Where restless sorrow hopes repose, 
'ScapM from those ills which gare it birdi 

Oh ! ye embarked for pleasure's shore, 

Restrain awhile the fluttering ntil I 
At pity's call retard the oar, 
Nor let her j^aintiye pleading, fiifl 



MISfflONART HYMN. 

^ Glad we hear from day to day, . 

What the Zx)rd Ib doing, 
How the gospel wings its waj». 

Sinners hearts subduing :. 

''What a glorious work is his. 

Work forever lasting, 
Erery other work but this,. 

FiMcUng is and wasting.. 

^ While the judgments of the Lord*, 
Heaven and earth are shaking ; 

Kous'd from slumber by his woi^ 
Thousands are awaking. 

*8wiftly flies this joyfiil sound, . 

Heavenly truth declaring ; , 
To aguUty world around^ . 

News of pardon bearing. 

** Saviour, let thy message ru% . 

Message of salvation ; 
Takes its cii^cuit like the 8un« 

Visit evevy nation. 

^ Ekrth has long been overspread,. . 

Overq^read with sadness ; 
liet the day spring come with speedy 

Bringing light and gladness.". 



Having thu& given an account of the present state of Portland, 
I would close this part of the work by presenting to the citizens 
of Portland the following 

LIST OF TOWN OFFICERS, 

From th$ lime the town to«bi incorporated to the present time, 

SELECTMEN. 

John Fox, in 1786, 1787 and 1795, . . *3 

Nathaniel Deering, 1786, 178T, « . - 2 

Peleg Wadsworth, 1786, f 787;. 1788 and 1789, - 4 

Samuel Freeman, 1788 and 1789; and from ) 9. 

1791 to 1812, inclusively, \ " ^ 

Thomas Robinson, 1788, 1789, ... 2 

James Lunt, 1790, - - . . - 1 

Ebenezer Preble, 1T90, - . . - 1 

Daniel Hsley, 1790 and 1804, - - - . 2 
Woodbury Storer, 1791, 179«, and from 1794 to IQOO, inclu 9 

John Thrasher, 1791, 1792 and 1800, - - 3 

Nathaniel F. Fosdick, 1793 to 1796 inclusively, - 4 

Daniel Tucker, 1793, 1796 to 1800, also from ( - 

1813 to 1816 inclusively, S 

Daniel Epes, 1795 to 1797 inclu. - - - 3 

Matthew Cobb, 1797 to 1799 inchi. - - 3 
Robert Boyd, 1798 to 1799, 1800& from 1808 tp 1811 inclu. 7 

Isaac Ilsley, 1801, 1807, - - - - 2 

Thomas Motley, 1801, - - - - - 1 

Joseph H. Ingraham, 1801, 1803, 1803, and ) .. 

from 1810 to 1817 inclu. > " 

Joseph Titcomb, from 1801 to 1806, and ) .^ 

from 1808 to 1811, inclu. J 

Joshua Rogers, from 1801 to 1806 inclu. . * 6 

John Musscy, 1802, 1803 and 1807, - - - 3 

George Bi-adbury, 1805, 1806 and 1808, . . 3 

Moses Lunt, 1807, - - - - . 1 

David Giwnv 1807, - - - - 1 

Stephen Tukey, 1808 to 1811 inclu.. . - - 4 

Joseph Dsley, 1809, . . . . 1 

Enoch Preble, 1812 and 1813, 1817 and 1818, - - 4 

Samuel F. Hussey, 1812, - ... 1 

JosiahDow, 1812, - • - . - 1 

Peter Warren, 1813 to 1816 inclu. - - 4 

Cotton B. Brooks, 1813, 1814, - - - 2 

* These figoret shew the tttmber of fears each person lerred withia the peri* 
od above oiestioned*. 



I0& 

Robert Dov^lass, 1814 to 1816 inclu. .... 3 

JohnHobart, 1815, 1816, ..... 2 

Stephen Long^feUow, Jr. 1817, -.-.-- i 

Isaac Adams, from 1817 to 1821 inclu. ... 5 

Joshua RichardaoD, 1817 to 1821 inclu. ... 5 

Benjamin Ilsley, 1817 to 1721, .... 5 

Woodbury Storer, Jr. 1818 to 1821, . . .^ ^ 4 

Mark Harris, 1820 and 1821, 2 

TOWN CLERKS. 

John Frotlungham, from 1786 to 1796, - - - - II 

Isaac Ilsley, 1796, ^ . 1 

Stephen Patten, from 1797 to 1807, . - * - 11 

Samuel Homer, from 1807 to 1813, ... * 7 

Olirer Bray, Irom 1814 to 1819 inclu, . . * . 6 

Joseph Pope, 1820 and 1821, 2 

TOWN TREASURERS. 

Enoch Ilsley, from 1786 to 1800 inclu. ... 15 

Ijemuel Weeks, from 1801 to 1807 inclu. ... 7 
HatthewCobb, from 1808 to 1818 inclu. - .11 

Samuel Trask, from 1819 to 1821, . . ^ ^ 3 

REPRESENTATIVES 

At the General Court of Manachmetig. 

1787 John Fox, 1808 Same and Isaac Adams, 

1788 John Fox, 1809 Same and same, 

1789 Daniel Davis, 1810 D Tucker, Jos. Titcomb^ 
1700 John Fox, Daniel Davis, M. Cobb, J. H. Ingraham, 

1791 John Fox, W. Jenloi, Isaac Adams, 

1792 John Fox, Daniel Davis, 1811 Jos. Titcomb, M. Cobb, 

1793 Dan'l Davis, DanU Ilsley, Geo. Bradbury, Jos. H. 

1794 Same, Ingraham, Isaac Adams, 

1795 D. Davis, Saml Waldo, Enoch Preble, 

1796 Daniel Tucker, 1812 Geo. Brabury, Joseph H^ 

1797 Same, Ingraham, Isaac Adams, 

1798 Woodbury Storer, Enoch Preble, Richard ^ 

1799 Same, Hunnewell, James Neal, 

1800 Same, Wm. Crabtree, 

1801 Joseph Titcomb, 1813 Jos. H. Ingraham Isaac 

1802 Same, Adams, Enoch Preble, 

1803 William Symmes, James Neal, Stephen 

1804 Jos. Titcomb, W.^mmes, Longfellow, Wm. Fran- 

M. Cobb, D. Tucker, cis, Seward Porter, 

1805 Same and Smith Cobb, 1814 Same (except E. Preble) 

1806 Geo. Bradbury, Jos. Tit.1815 Jos. H. Ingraham, Isaac 

comb, Jos. H. Ingraham, Adams, James Neal, Se- 

M. Cobb, Wm. Jenks, ward Porter, H. Smith, 

1807 Same, Wm. B. SewaD. 



H)7 



1B16 JoBiahPftine, Jacob Qmn*1819 Charles Fox, H.Kiiifliiian, 
cy, Daniel Hovr, Robert Samuel Baker, Phinehaa 

Strong^, Fhinehas Var- Vamum, Robert Dsley^ 

niim, John Mussey, Jr. Samuel Ayer, 

1817 Jos. H. Ingraham, Isaac At^LtgidaJtwrtof Jda^ne- 

*«*« t'^***^^ tu xxt J *^?? Asa Clap, Nicholas Em. 
J^^^^^l^^"^ Wood- ^^ J ^^ g> ^ Greenleai;* 



PAKT THIRD. 

COUNTY OF CUMBERLAND. 

This county was set off fnun the county of York, in the year 
1760. 

The following are the names of the Towns in the county, with 
the years in which they were respectiyely incorporated. 



J^amts, 


Incor, 


J^amM, 


Incor. 


Scarborough, 


1658 


Durham, 


1789 


Northyarmouth, 


1713 


Bridgton, 


1794 


Falmouth, 


1718 


Poland, 


1795 


Brunswick, 


1738 


Otisfield, 


1798 


Harpswell, 


1758 


Baldwin, 


1802 


Windham, 


1762 


Minot, 


1802 


Croiham, 


1764 


Danville, 


1802 


Cape Elizabeth, 


1765 


Raymond, 


1803 


New Gloucester, 


1774 


Harrison, 


1805 


Gray, 


1778 


Pownal, 


1808 


StandiRh, 


1785 


Westbrook, 


1814 


Portland, 


, 1786 


Cumberland, 


1821 


Freeport, 


1789 







Supreme Judicial Court, 

Previous to the year 1798, the records of this Court were 
kept in Boston, where people were obliged to go, or send for 
executions, copies, &c. Since that period the records for this 
county have i>een kept in Portland. 



* Thif gentkmawt bavinx been appointed Reporter of Decisions, fcc,afi«r« 
ward reiigaed bit seat, and Haae Aditns was chosen to supply his plaee. 



108 



Court of Common PUas, 

The following is a list of the Justices of the Court of CoDunon 
Pleas from the year 1760, with the number of years, in which 
each of them held the office. 

John Minot. Esq. 
Ezekiel Cushing^, Esq. 
Enoch Freeman, Esq. . 
Edward Milliken, Esq. 
Jeremiah Powell, Esq. 
Alexander Ross, Esq. 
Moses Pearson, Esq. 
Jonas Mason, Esq. 
Solomon Lombard, Esq. 
DaTid Mitohel, "i^ 
John Lewis, Fsq. 
Jedediah Preble, Esq* 
Josiah Thatcher, Esq. 
William Gortkam, Esq. 
Stephen Longfellow, Esq. 
Robert Southgate, Esq. 
John Frothingham, 

Circmt Coun 
Benjamin Green, Esq. 
Judah Dana, Esq. 
WimamWidgery,E8q. 

Business of ^ese Courig, 
To give a general and comparative view of the business done 
at these courts, from the year 1776, I insert here, the nijonber 
of Entries of civil actions in each year, as follows, viz : 



rrom 1760 to 1761, 


3 Years* 


1760 


1964, 


5 


1760 


1788, 


29 


1760 


1771, 


12 


1763 


1781, 


19 


1766 


1767, 


2 


1770 


1776, 


6 


1773 


1777, 


5 


1776 


1781, 


6 


1778 


n86. 


9 


17«2 


1803, 


22 


178S 


1783, 


2 


1784 


1799, 


16 


1789 


1804, 


16 


1797 


1811, 


15 


1801 


1811, 


11 


1004 


1811, 


8 


f Common Pleas, 




1812 


1821, 


10 


1812 


1821, 


10 


1813 


1821, 


9 

r 



Tears. 


En. 


Tears. 


En, 


Tears. En. 


In 1776 


9 


In 1791 


166 


In 1806 1678 


1777 


15 


1792 


167 


1807 242^ 


1778 


18 


1793 


160 


1808 Sl293 


1770 


26 


1794 


^07 


1809 1855 


1780 


20 


1795 


161 


1810 1193 


1781 


49 


1796 


217 


1811 1187 


1782 


61 


1797 


351 


1812 1422 


itss 


16S 


1798 


468 


Un 1115 


1784 


181 


1799 


593 


1814 879 


1785 


496 


1800 


684 


1815 916 


1786 


143 


1801 


867 


1816 1117 


1787 


62 


1802 


885 


1817 1537 


1788 


52 


1803 1277 


1818 1224 


1789 


77 


1804 


1460 


. 1819 1333 


1790 


^m 


1805 


1467 


1820 1396 



109 

I^ROBATE COtJK.T. 

Iii9t of the Judges and Registers, with the time they commeti* 
ced the duties of their Office, and the numher of years in 
^hich they held the same. ' \ 

Jn^f* Registers. 

1760. Samuel Waldo, 11 years. 1760.J;Stockbridge, Syear& 
1770* Enoch Freeman 13 1761. S. Longftllow 15 

1782. Wm. Gorham 33 1775. Sam'l Freeman 3d 

1804. Sam'l Freeman 17 . 1804vJ.Frothin9hamli ^ 
>830. Albion K. Parris 1 1815. H. Southgate 7 

SESSION COURXa 
From ihe Year 1760, to March 1808. 

. Alt the Justices of the County, - 
FromJ\iardk\%0Z,toJ^4^efmber\90%* 
Court of Sessions. JtM<ice#.— -Isaac Parsons, Joseph E. Fox* 
croft, William Hasty, Jotham Stone, Theodore MaiBey. > But 
Oie latter did not qualify himself to act. 

From November 1809^ to September 1811. 
The Court of Common Pleas, 
From Sept. 1811, to March 1812. 
Court of Sessions. JusHces^^AsaaLC Parsons, William Ha^, 
Theodore Mussey, Jotham Stone, Joseph C. Boyd. 

From March 1812, to jhTov, 1814. 
Same. Juatices^^^The same, except Joseph C Boyd. In hia 
stead, Woodbuij Storer. 

From Jfoo. 1814, to Sept 1819. 
Circuit Court of Common Pleas — ^with the addition of two 
other Justices, viz. Ammi R, Mitchell and Lothrop Lewis. 

From Sept 1819, to Sept. 1820. 
Court of Sessions. J««<tcM,«-Amrai R. Mitchell, Peleg 
Chandler and Luther Fitch. (But the latter did not accept the 
appcHQtment] 

Since Sept 1820, by i»ppoudment under ihe authority of the Stale 

of Maine* 

Court of Sessions. Juificvt.— Woodbury Storer, Chief Jus- 
I. 



Itee; Peleg Chandler,. Phi|ieb9.»,IpfaUi, WUUam Hastjr, Se- 
comb Jordan. 

inxiSKnrr i3« 
Moaes Pearson, Esq. from TTttO to 1768* 9 years. 



WWWskmTfm^^^aq. 


1768 


MT6-'8 


Jdiln.Waite,<fiiq. 


WT6 


1909-^ 


Bicbanl Hi^MwelivEsq* 


1899 


1911 {SeieMflV.} 


Joeeph Jte«H)ft, £tq. 


18» 


491d^ 1 


Ridiasd J^imimrolly^Eiq. 


1813 

• 


49«^13 


CLERKS. 




Stephen LongfelkMT, Esq.' froin4760 to 177&*16 . 


Samuel Eteemanv'^Bsq. 


1775 


1811 [Seebeloir.] 


Joseph C, Qoyd, Esq. 


1811 


i8i«- 1 


Samuel Vm^m^^siq* 


J8f2 


lato^ 


CMEerAeoM^bt*^ 


f^iUSiaU 


ofM^me. 


WitiMiT.>¥ftQghan, 


^1830 


.imi^*e 


CBIERa 




Joshutf Freeman, 


from 1760 to 1766- 7 


Timothy Cutter, 


1766 


1789-24 


Pelatiah Fernatd, 


1789 


1806-18 


'WnTiatti B. Peters 


,1806 


1821-16 

• 


... ^pJP^T¥. TISfflASlIRBRe. 


Jana^Jkfil^ 


,6^a7wia.nm«u 


Ephraim Jones, 


1773 


* 


Enoch Mood V, 
Joseph Mc LeIIan, 


.1776 
1777 


|777- « 
.l803-?7 


Horatio Southgate, 


1803 

1 


19**-. « 


FJias ikcrriU, 


1804 


1821-ie 



it£GIS!^Sft8^0raE£&S. 

'Cflooh^Fpeemaa, 'i^mn 1760 to 1788^29 

The Cleric, ex ^fficiot 1788 1 790-» S 

Isaac IWey, OIISO . 1804^14 

Elias Merrill, Esq. . il894 1821-18 



in 

COURl* HOUSES. 

T&e first CTourf House, 50 by 34, was built in 1774. Com* 
nltti^ for bmlin^ the same, Stephen Longfellow, Esq. 

The second, 48 by 34, was built in 1787. Committee for build- 
ing the saffi^, €wpt Joseph Mc Lellan. 

The third and present one, 6d by 50, was built in 1816. 
Committee ibr building the same, Richard Hunnewell, Esq. 
fiarfct'PotMr, Esq; and Albert Nbwaiir, t:sq. 

Th0 pveaent Comatf Hoom ww hwMA 1799* CtittkAilM4(ir 

QACfUS. 

The firiTt Caot in this town was built before tiie CS>unty was 
separated from the County of York. 

The second, 3S by 18, w&s built in the year 1769« Oommitr 
tee for buildihg the same, Capt. James Milk. 

The third or present G^Ol'Wls built in 1799. Committee for 
building the same, Samuel Fikeman, Esq. and iVilliamJCxorhamy 
Rq. This is a Stone Gaol, of 'SO by 34. The builder, or chiof 
workman and director, was* M!t. John Park, of 'Qroton, wh0 
I^uilt the Gaol at (Concord. 

JU^nCEft^OPrTHE sot ACE. 
Names «ftfek9a«^whip held the»oCc# o^tf Jvisticeo^iliMMbepM- 
fore the' Sbnutjr of OaBtodr<#a^'iMl« a ss | yi i riB *€ett«y iA 
taOS^^ an^iff 0i|l aoooi4M]|^^ Amiim of tlttsrCbHuMtoftk 
Notew T'bvsv^th thiB)ii«iilH{^)iki#4iaoeased. 

* Enoch Freeman * John liewis * Clement Jordan 

* J^didiaKI^^W ' ♦"'JAlhim' Fkb^^n ' ♦I'kilw^rd' Rnsset 

* Airon Hinklftjr '^'^ *Ptftfll» Ndyea^ • *ftdiiiuna-PhinneJ» 
*Wfc:Simotfto^' ♦llleh'd'CbAAatt' ' •SamberSiriall ' 
•DkWdMit«i^- *^^'^11idfh[|M6n JohnDeanc 

* Wm. SylVBSter ' - *«Nl«?iqhlrrinttotr - Hdbbrt'l^thgate 
♦•IVaL' Tbompabn' * DSifriMttmrt' DknielDaria 

* Wm. Gorham ♦ Ephraim Jones * George Peirc^ 
Samuel Freeman' * Tsaic Parsons ♦ W'siaK Thatcher 



113 



* Joseph Noycs 
John Frothiogbam 

* Geoige Lewis 

* Samuel Merrill 

* Benj. Duiwiog 

* Steven Hall 
WiUiam Widgery 

* Isaac Show 

* Nath'l Lambw 

* Joseph Hooper 

* Fftol UtOe 

* Ichabod Bonney 

* Samuel Calef 

* John Cushiiig 
Josiah Peirce 

* John PetersoQ 

* Andrew Dunning 
Enoch Perley 
Peter T. Smith 

^ John Greenwood 

* "W^illiam Martin. 

>. . 

"^ Samuel Foxcrofl 



Peleg Chandler 
Ammi A. Mitchel 
Eliaha Williams 
John K. Smith 
Michael Little 
'*' Pelatiah March 
Daniel StoweU 
GiMtaphuB A. Goss 
Samvel Paris 
Moses MeiTil 



* Timothy Pike 



Greoige £. Vaughan 
Isaac Parker 
Caleb PreQtiss 
Andrew R. GiddftM 
Theodore Mussey 
Nathaniel Fteley 
RicAi'd Honoewill 
James Paine 



EbeneEer Thrasher Arvida Heyibrd 
"^ Osgood Carleton Oeoige Bradbuiy 



Luther Cary 
Cyrus Hamlin 
Bbenezer Mayo 
Woodbury Storer 
Peter O. Alden 

* Samuel Andrews 

* William Symmes 

* Charles Coffin 

* Salmon Chase 



BarrM Plotter - 
JohnDunlap 
James Prince 
Homes Thomas 
£dwd« Richardson . 

* Josiah Bisoo 
John Perry, jun. . 

* Dominicus Record 

* Foster Waterman 
Jos»McLellan,.jun. 
Samuel Perley 
Joseph E. Foxcroft 
Jacob Mitchel 



Joseph Emerson . 
Stephen Longfellow Lothrop Lewis 
John Turner • William Thompson 

Isaac SturdeYant * John P. Little 
Stephen Purrington * Saml Famsworth Elias Menril 
Archelaus Lewis WiUiam Livermore Hugh Me LeOas 
Isaac Usley Josiah Bumam J. Thompson 

Job Eastman '^ Jesse -Rice / 

In the whole, from 17^0 to 1805, while the towns in Ox^rd 
were a part of the County, (being a term of 45 years) the ap- 
pointments to the office of a Justice of the Peace, were in num- 
ber, 113. The number appointed in the County since Oxford 
was separated from it, (being a term of 15 years) is 19^ 

I close tins part of the work with the following short account 

of the 

Cumberland BapHit Misiionary Society. 
This Society was instituted July 24, 1816. Its object ^ *^ta 



113 



Mwatby itsfua^ md«-uiiiiewce»> m th»inearanft.iiow in opeift- 
tioDy to send thetjoepel among^theheatiien." Its Direotws co»- 
aistof tlie PresideaV two ^ico Fgesiiients, ^ Caneapon^g Sec- 
jpetfla7,*aBeooidtngfieeretaiy»« auTreesiirery' and tiu«e Tni»> 
.^efse. Itefimde 'ar»c(MBpBBed>of subscriptioDs of one dollar or 
tneB»jauid anneaUy ly earh meml>er»- and bf i|4»Btriibiition at 
tbe. annnal mee<anga» at , which-a secBsen isdeliremd^and a con* 
t ri lwttieo »ade>- The- timeof tMeanmitrt fneetiPC *»*!»' third 
Wediies4ay'0£ Jane* * The pmmitriuHaberof.inenberMa enoev» 
tain. . Thece«aEe» heweverr >&9 ia Petiland* aadld^North- 
Yanikiath* . The jaonieeMxdtoeteJb ave' sent to ^ the-Boafd^^f 
Managen of the 'Baptiet •Geaeia^ Gonrentioft ci Uie United 
States." 



PARTP0URTR 

STATE t)F MAINE. 

An Account of the District; now State of Maine, as it is con- 
tained in the Charge of the Hon. David Sewall, Esq. to the 
Grand Jury, at the District Court, held at Portland, June^l, 
17901 

It may be useful toane»tioii4QBMBthiogef tiieoripaaiidcha&'i^ 
geaof goTemnient thatrhave tia]^eaed in this Eaateara Tovito^ 
ryvPirior to a partioular coneidefatkm of the^botyMss whioli^htt* 
called us tagether at this time. 

It is now 183 years since the Ant settlement wks attcmpleA» 
to be made in any part of the territoTy now known by tha J9nt>^ 
iria ofJUaim. Tliis settlement* waa upon the western side of 
Sagadahock nver near.the sea,4n the year 1691.^ Butit waaolr 
diort continuanee, being abandoned within « year after itoGow^ 
mencement. 

MoMf thai^ tireftty years after that period, Sir FexdiBandc»« 
1.2 ' 



114 

Gotigfe, an aetiTe member of the Council of Plymon^ in-^d 
Espkoid, obtained from tbat Council a grant of a large tract of 
land. And upon a snrrMider of thi^ ofaarter to tbe Crown of 
BnglaBd, fVom whence it was derived, bad a grant and oonfip- 
mation of the Bame^hj patent fran King Charles the fii«t*^e»* 
cribing the territory, as extending from Ftscataqna tiirer to 8a« 
gadahodc river, and backiVom the sea coast bet^een^tfiese rir* 
•IS, and the rivCra of Newiehwanick and Keneheck, tiiat ran 
into <hem, nor^i^westerly oner hiradred and twenty niiles^ by the 
namoof tiie Proirince of Maine'*'; This patent or chairtnr, which 
bears-date the 9d' day of April, 1699, ^ntm an anaccfQaantattce 
with the general course of tiie rirers Niewiohwanick and Ken* 
nebeck, was supposed to oomjnnhend a country on/die-coBtt- 
nent of America, of one hundred and twenty miles square, and 
has distingolshed thitfafi of the territory, by the^f^Nfllatifin of 
the PROVINCE OF AlAINE. Thie charter to Chn^e, con^ 
tained rery an^le powers <rfgovenuneat, as laife,it is said> as 
ever a sovereigB of Englaiid oomiiatted to a wdsject. Bnt they 
^e^ cakttlated more lo aggrandiae the lord proprietor, and 
make him absolvte in his principalityi in matters civil, niititary 
and ecdesiaflCieal, than for securing to the perBons who ebouhl 
inhabit here, any permanent privileges, exclusive of what de- 
pended upon the will and pleasure of the lord, proprietor. 
' However, in justice to the memoiy of Sir Fesdinando Gorge, 
it may bs^ observed, that no traees remain of his hnving abused 
the powers «^.fovemment ceBtmitted to^im ; but that he took 
g3M«(.care and trains, tmd expended laqpe sums oftnotiey, in ma- 
king settlementsin various parts td the territoty, which eventu- ' 
aUy proved to be of veiy little advantage to himself or any of his ~ 
descendants. He f^pointed a depu^ 6otemor and Council,' 
aitad instituted Coasts, of Ju8tice},^MKne of the records of which 
aie yetextant 

About the year 1647, some of his council moved 'out of the ju- 
xisdiGtion««*thoae who remained conceiving^ttifjf power to have 
oeased by his death, which happened abouf ti»t time. AnB the ' 

• - « 

. * Tlie islands of Nvitucltet aM Martiu's Vinf yaid» tfcre »a!Cltti»d in lh4» 
.phieni,6Ut w'cnow bo pi«tof4h»OiMt%t«f Maine. ' *' 



y 



\ 



tl5 

eM^ war which nageA m Enflmid, prereBted hk descendaals 
friMii'takiiig any care of the Frormce, or eren to make answtir 
to the presaog letters wTOto on the oooaflioii* . 
' The ii^bitants tensible of the alnolate ncc c BBH yof oHil gev- 
emmenty inrthe year 16^, nosanmettij eateted ufto a conbise 
cOTAtitntioii'or fcttra-i^f gOTermneiit^ ^led a oofvi&Mciliofty where* 
in they agreed tochoose a Cfevenior'aild other olteen anBaally^ 
aad'to'be gpo^ni^ by tiie genend Hni% of Borland, and snefa 
other regidations, a« tiie persons by 'them* annually elected 
shotddmake. ' 'Fhis kind of gorermnent ocnttiBtied until the 
year ICSSytHien the Ibwness of ^bm Inhahitaoits and their seat* 
tered situation^ ec^cauoned ^ir applying' (as tiie»r imgfabors of 
NeW'Hampdiire had some ;^ears' preceding) to the Colony of 
IMbtssachiisetts, Ibr assistance and*prolecti(ni against the In- 
dians; And thi^lf^achtis^tts Cdt^y cdnstniing the northerly 
line of their patent to RoseweU, fttc; in 1628, to be three miles 
due north of the iBost no H he rly part of any rirer that emptied 
int6) or was connected witl^ the liter Merimack, and to extend 
file same line east t&tlMlhA.AaBfic' Ocean, and west to ^e South' 
Sea— 4hiB i^ce, three miles north of the most northerly part of 
tfie Merimack,tikey filled someiriiere in the L4ke'Winnepesco^' 
kyjhi the lat of 43* 43' lS"-*-aad1iy'a'Corre8pQttding observa^ 
tiJL of the latitude on the sea coast, fomid that an east Kne from' 

moe, would stsike the shore of Caaeo Bay. And this line thus 
'^n, wo6ld itfcliide aH the then iilhai>ifeed partnf New-Hamp* 
i^uee, and neaily tbe^ whole of VUiae. And from this droom- - 
sllawaa it i»'pn&bable^ they mosre iwadii^ exerciaed the powers* 
QfgorerBob^toT9rthem». ^ ' >i 

i^iora that tame, (16»S^ tmtil after the restoration of King' 
GhaiioB the aecmid, New-Hampshire andMakie, weneinatt res- » 
poets, considered as parta of tfe^ Massaehnsetts. About the year 
1664, the Commissionera afqpointed. by the Crown of England v 
to visit the New-England Colenies, came into the Proviace of 
Maine, and appointed Magistrates, who exercised their author- 
ity but a few years. For soon after the departure of the Com- 
missioners, the Massachusetts colony sent tlown their Magis- 
trates.. And from the disputes whick arose frpm the officers 



y>tttiial ■ftireojiftfai^t wep^iiMonis^ligw of — nfmion. But 
the muriitnities niMiMiiti^ imiJTr thn oolaniif <if AfaiiadhiMfttte 

• ^•^MP^^^^^'^^Fv "^^^^H^^^^^p^^^Hps^ ^^r^^ ^^^^V^H^^ ^^ ^^^^▼^^^'^^^^^^l^^^^ ^^^^^^' ^^^^^^^ ■^F-^^^B^^ 

Maiwkifwhii fiaiiiiidilV^iyJt— MMhiffg to thai niwim of '£iialfliid) 
aiLAi'dsB iflfnmii iahi h^' '***- ^^'^ HiffMifliirhiMflttii to-^ttCMDciBB-iiirisw 
dio^iiw .aay ^<M#y' •• AnAyeifrHaiB|whife.w»i^ in 16!Z9»ipad»a 
4utuiot.(q«enttDeat uii(kiiuth0.CTOwa9i bj « conuniasion - to 
Pwiii^tnt PottB.. ♦ An^ .abiwit 4hii tinw th> Af wBaahmetts ooiopy, 
^y jtb^ig HWttfr. LiautwGorM^oiiB gAa r f yi M P chaied. of> Govg«i 
tha^matewaBi hairmtiai^ot Sir'F»idinando,4fa€-Pft3wncesaf 
l^fioey* far j^l^SO atwdiBf • * Axtd-ofmctimff'thtLt^hy this-pmy 
cbaift thfif 4»bUiji«d «MveU the ppweis ofX^oreHuneBt «>otaiaeA 
ixLiia. chastei,, aBtthe^floUr-a^wiitleiaed.thegQipeniiDeiitiii'the 
Jfsovince of Haioe, «9xeeai4y4athe toeclioiM |»«Bcribed4hex«» 
iOy. iiotiV»theMastachiiMttii eoloof -Charter was vacated-by a 
indgmeDt ia Chouiceiy, . iB.lC84« - - Wfae& ^ the* new. Charter of 
William .«n<iMaiyt was gnoitod^A. M92j tbeterritory^ of Bdbine^ 
and .that.ea<^Qf it called ffagadahof, ^ and alio all Nova . Scotia,, 
yere-incioypowitfid. with^tbe-JoMUpoloay of PlyiwMitb, .together 
with the colony, of MaHachoaetts, into one .gorenunent'by tibiei. 
namejof Mamacbubktvb Bay.. 

Fiitt-ilniifeitaefaffrf4naMiotlDBB'ia(y te ooUeoled*di»rcMiM 
neeiiMi'Df. wInAii«io«rdeBeBiiaa«ed^)tbeI>Mlteto#iftiiie)«Bd* 
whsahifiohideajJi thM«rriteiy«»tb<to o e ee an t^ihuff tb^flM«A< 
of Piscataqua riyer, to the riyer 3t CiviXt'dOO aailea«ndnHxre3 
in Itmg^ MuLfzoBrfta tb SO'tniiaaLin hMftdth, and 4Mitt|flni>eii- 
diQut the tfomtiea of. YomSf CitHmwiiwi^ /Ln«oout,*-ILiiicoBK; 
asd WA<m!wmMf.witfaiJ».;MaiitaBhii^t<».H^ 
intenr^oettonsof: the Stale e£ Jfele AonpifaiVK. 

The foregoing account^ te copied Mm the'CbKimbian' CentK 
ne!, pnnted at*Boaton; Angtist 1J5, ' 1790." 



Ckncral CvMfV^of Mamty attkBfi>U(wmg Peridcb, 

CounHes, Incor, 

York* wm 

Cmnbetlftiiid, 1760 
•Lincoln, 1760 

t£biicock, ' 1789 
-VfaihilciA^toii, 1789 
'iCentitfllec, 1799 
' Oxfisrd, 1806 

Som^neti 1809 

l%nob6Cot, 1815 

Maine was ocmditioDally flepanited fiom MasuchimeifeMi hf siB 
Act of the Geneval Court of Maaaacbiiti^ June 19, 1819.. j 

It^CcNMtitiitionwasfonDed Oct. ft8» 1^19.. ^ 

, It became entixely an iadep^MkntStste, March 15, 1820.-; 
. XhefirBt electi<Mi of Goirenior».SeiMi*9VB > -* . I'tMi^Cf 
and Bepreiesytatives look place S ^ ' . ' 

The first Leffislatu^ was bekl at PeiliaDd, May $1, laso^ 



n90. 


1800. 


1810. 


i8«o; 


«8,8«l 


37,729 


41,877 


• 46,tC* 


SS,450 


37,9«1 


42,81T 


49;339 


2§,962 


90,100 


4«,992 


5^,95$ 


9,549 


16,318 


80,031 


31,07r 


«,758 


4,436 


7,8r70 


1«,746 


• 


24,394 


39,564 


42,633 


r 
* * 


. 


- 


27,185 


• m 


-■ 


.- 


21,698 


» m 


# 


m- » 


13,^31 



fiOCIirri£S AND OTHER INSITrUTIONe. 
, .NoTS.«^TheaQcoMntQftheieaunplaoediQ<ke<»4ttroft^^ 
ill whiel^thej wese f^^^tvmiy fomed. 

Scwdoih College, 

This Institutibn was iioeorporated by tfie Legislature of Maa^ 
sacbnsetts, June 24, 1794. By the act ofincorporation, it wae 
to be under the government and reguTatibn of two certain bodi^ 
politic and corporate, riz* The PreHdeni andTruHees^ and The 
Overseen, 

The President and Treasnrer were to be err qftcio members 
ef the former, and the nmnber (including them) were never to 
be greater than ^rteen, nor less than seven. The President 
.of the Trustees to be sop officio President of the College. — ^They 

*lt may not be correct to tay that this cooncy was incorporated in 1691 ; but 
St then first became soch in the Proxtinetof ilfaJMcAMJf'/i-'this bc'inf tbe year 
vkea Maine was anM sed to that Provi9fr. 



» 

muf hold angr esUte^ • usalor penoBttl) pr wi ied K tfe«*afliiqa T ur 
oomo of the tame ahould'ttot exeead -Hie tarn of Ten TfumadM 
PoiMdf. Tiiej Jiaw ipoirtii to etoet «>Vt06-Praudent and fiee*^ 
yrtiy of thoCarpoffatioa ■ to mali»liy^aw»*"tird#tortMal^idid 
fWioribe th(»MPd» of ■■imitiliring ih^ gnaltfiiwitioii of tbe'sM- 
dMiti»raqai«le4» tiioar •iliiiptwM>.*-towii«ir the toildiags trf ttfe 
Co i ky o to -aotUo^ di?ide»faid wamufB^ or mU^ coiive7*«Bilrdit- 
poiOs(^tbefiftt^towiMl»9ao£laad, gnntcd to Hmhi f<9Ntlii<a»olfllf 
tbe College or any part UkQ]raof^«-alld. with tlnrconctiifeyibe^of 
the Orersoers, to fleet .IViHtoes, PmidMit a^^ Treawmiv ^ 
ai^ -officer of the CoUegpe-rto fli op Tac aiiw e» t orwae^aiigr 
Trustee who might heoMMiaoapableofdiaehaifinp flie duties of 
his offioe»^<MyOftwiref^qte>CiB €%<y*"t <» pumAaflie'or erect 
•n^r^bMtii^or MlMiiiP'hlMlh|r» w Mtirtl l B y'jirtge vcfceMarf fbr the 
Coll^gpe "■Mib datdnHiBO wtet-(OflfeBnr'dMl^lie estlAttifaed' fth* tKe 
said GbUeM,* their daties, salariey,^ e md o m eBt s and't^tniicis-^ 
to afpioptiafl»fatti8-^«tf4^dept>)niyt»tttte, wheir'the donation * 
ma; he made upon oo adHt ii if tO'dfeWtttdne UMcqiialifiic^atioirfor 
tiie students requisite td^ tiiai l ' aAiJtslOM i' ■to ootticfr stfch de- 
prioms |a» -osuaU]^ cmtttsft^ hf^ M f^ r m M 'far the edtileation 
of youth— and to make, aUMramnd or repeal any^es, ordbrss 
or by-Ui|fi^di[Srtlm'|^MuliaBr.of .• - 

Hbe^^iiKji^ of <the>^i<ip wwe (iniiiniiii%|'t1i>i 'Pl>eaidgfftf bfthe 
CoUe^ and Seoretary 4>fc.|hi eimy &t W t Mi, 'wiHi wei^to bb tib 
Q^Ecio memhers) was never, to exceed ^rty-fiye, nor less than 
twenty-five.— :They:have power to elect a President, Vice^EiCs- 
Ident and. Secretary, and to in .the tenures and duties, of their 
respective officer— to reniore any ,Qverseer who may. becom^ 
Incapable of dischai^ing the dutieft^of his office — to fill upva- 
cancies-— and to agree or disagree to any election, vote, order or 
act of the Presidential^ Trustees, made necessary by* the Act 
of Incorporation, to give e^ct and validity to the samOt^of 
which they are to no^fy th:^t Board in convenient timev; but no 
business was to be transacted at any meeting,, unless fifteen. of 
them, at least, were present But 

ThoHermrand'cdnctitioiis menfhmed^n the acrof their iiicbr- 
poration hare by consent, and by a law of this State, passed 



j;iine.l6yst|0fl9,4i«»<<^«»^ffMdiMly4imtt«d or anoHed^ as that 
t^iBineadeiitaiKLlVwlMK aiidiOv«Mee«j ilia!!' bare, hold, use 
and enjoy ikmffi^ptar9nmaif^iMitf^s4^^^ ; mhjtct^ 

hsmov/ert Jo 1m aktiedy lM«it0d^4MilMiii«A ^orextendfcd,^ as^ ^e 
LiOgitlalwre of xAeMtUto^iiaM. imlki^^m^mB^m^^yromoie th« 
best interetts of the lastitatioii^'' -tM^-^mm Okw fa w r , paas^ 
Match 18,1821^ tiw feJtowi<ff.i J ll ti <U aiirh«» i u l w c B inaae ^ v^ . 
—The number of Trmtecs areinoreaaed io not lea^thsntwenty 
oox) niore thanilvrenty-fivse*: No iMuinMB to be ti^nsacted'by'lefls 
than thirteen, ^and the nunber itf ^Oteraeen never to ibe less 
tban.forty-fiv^jAor mere ^mn abctys ,11ie Seerelary of thetTnu- 
tees not to b^.«n Oveneeri The 'Suaasiirer not to be a ¥^tee 
p^fkr^^OkQaun^i VniiaiMi<i»<Mi baHiltiHtt'^iftei'Beaydonly at 
the annual mertini^ in Seplea^r. 

By an act pas s ed Jun^ ft8, }81^, flie sum of three thousand 
dollars, annttaUy, was granted to ttie Institution fyc the t^rvt of 
seven years from the l4thFeb. 1824, to be ^d^from TAonieB 
drising from the tax en Banlcs. 

The first actii^P/esident* of tiii0 CqOfge^ww* Ihe.Rov.Je. 
^ph Mc Kean. He^was ^pmnt^d.in |M)^Wsd4M:Ui 1607. 

The nextwaa'thelUv. J »iis a,4| y l t l PPi. ..Hftsrasji{i|pointed4n 
1807,and4i«dinl«IO. Vdmn 

Tho Jt^>>Wj|^WPL^ifaii am nppaimsd,^drnetr^h»Ms the^f 
^ce. 

PrendetdB <fih^Bqar4^,0i^m». . 
' 1. Hon. Dayjd S^wfOI, £rpin«.|7M te IflOQ. . .^ .« Years. 



% 


Daniel Davis, 


01800 


4806, ..« 


iB 


3. 


, Jam^s Boivdeti^, 


4005 


>1807 • . r . 


*« 


4. 


David Sevfrall, 


1897 


'M08.... 


^1 


5. 


yssmes^fiosMoin, 


>1806 


1809..;. 


I 


6. 


.DiatidSesrall 


1«0» 


1816 


•7 


7. 


fiamuehfVeefnan, 


'*816 


1819.... 


3 


& 

^ 


lenteMilisLjky^ 


;1819 


1^1.... 


« 

5 



"ftt 

*11ielate ltTr0r*1lesae tvm* I betteve« by prevlost yppointmenr, nomiMlly 
thefint. 



rniaoe 


7 


1807 


3 


1808 


6 


1809 


5 


1810 


IS 



1*20 

This ftcoount is taAcen f ram the MiBsaehiiseite Register. % 
list of the otherOficen<tf the two Beards, and of the Executive 
Grorenmieiit, now holding their ret^pectlve Offices, as well as the 
Vacations) qnalificatioBs for a^BUssion, and the Course of Studies ' 
to be pursued i^ the College, may be seen in the *' Maine Reg- 
Jeter" /or the present year 1821« 

The nuo^»er of students graidaated since its establishment is 
as follows— TijB. 

1811 6 1816 11 

1812 7 1817 8 

1813 5 1818 19 

1814 15 1819 11 

1815 8 1890 12 

The noraber in Ibe okss to begndaated the present year, 
1821, is said to be 21. 

m 

Maine Missionary Socidy, 
This Society was incorporated March 3, 1809, " for the pur- 
pose of extending the knowledge of God our Saviour, by 8endin|^ 
the glorious gospel to those who are destitute of the public and 
stated me&ns of religious instniction.'' It has not yet any per- 
mitaefat firnds, from which any income is realized. By tiie last 
will and testament of Peter Tbacher, Esq. of Ciotbam, made in 
1810, tibe residue of his Estate, alter payment of sundry lega- 
cies, was given 4otii6 Society. Bat the Society has received 
nothing to this day, though it is said someUiii^ is expected soon. 
The late Doct. John Win^^te, of HalloweU, terised to tiie ^ 
ciety, two Fams, which rwere thought td'be wortb $2000 eadi, 
but his widow has the use of them during her life. 

The sources from which the Society has derived support are» 
1. From the members of the Society ,rthe number of whom is be- 
tween 4 and 500, who paj, on admission, one dollar, and two 
dollars annually. 2. From Auxiliary Societies. 3. From Con- 
gregational Collections ; and 4. Individual donations. ^ Th0 
receipts, of conrse, are di&rent in different yej:rB--*varying 
from $500 to $1500.'* The income of the Society '' has been 
apptied almost exclusively to the support of nusaonaries in the 
iiestitute places in Maine<-*It has been tbe object of the Society 
to assist those who are endeavoring to help themselves, and^te 
aid in the settlement and permanent establishment of Ministere^ 



1^1 

•«^e ae(0i^1mi|ffiMAsdfy^Ymt oit'ter Ivbrth Wednesday: Hf 

JBibU Society of JIfcMne, 
£8ee5)age 92.] 

m&is Sbc^et^ ' was focmefl >jr gieaSemett Mrihg^'iiri^arei^iii 
Ipftm of thb IHst^et fno# Slate) of Maine, aadiUcolToriltect- 
Feb. 27, 1812, ** Ibirtbe pin^pos^ of r^ili^ a fund to assisttiwse' 
"Wc^}! ^npbsed yetii%^ nf^, tikat a»e deainMA of eHferioi^ iWto^ihe 
ii^Wk'dPtltolfOftpel'iK^biitys^f btitbjTa^f^ of^peeaniaiyjrie* * 
achti^8,c-af^ uttiiMe t^^f^^Me^ta^a «otine ef re^akur stacUeane^ . 
pessary to qtiali^lb^fii^^iif ^^8tall«l'«0> te^artant and 'anefy.^ 
If ^ifSis t(>]eoiitki^ ibr tliet#n»t»f tM^ ye^ 

* l^cMigtr^I liav^'tatteB Biad!t-pafi% 1 41^ aot t}eMi able^t^ dbi 

^ ti&a- any p a l i i c ufaur account ' of thte B6^tiiSty, Fran the' vagttii' 

information I have^Tecei^fed, I !iav<e femfed aa idea that it con- 

-aisted of but abont twenty meBibers, whose subscriptions^ were" 

i-aat iar taa^' certaon J»un» bi^ iaptieoal ; a^d that it has since its 

eatabfitlnnenl, :9i»te way lo Ibe «« AfMne Chaxily SohooVV 

^widdi levMOMlte^-jljMfei ^ or been rnqMNweded by 1^ '< Ma^. 

JBniiioh of^inr oAlnwria an Sopig^ ^r edueatjay pioaB Youth for 

tit Cleipal IfiBiata^*' For ibSflo^ewili ef these Samlies/ 

Jbst^afrfthe atere waa soioff to the i^pcia (and I deierred w]> 
"tinf^ it ^ntttil a Aaykw two be£we,)'a ««qpectable gentlemaii in* 
"tomed me» that the finnds of this Soeiely were all tnoufeiied ta 
^^abavejBCtftbiied^^ Maine Charity School.^-^i^. 24, 1821 

Watervme CoUegt, 

Hiis'Institiition was established by the Qcnoeral €k>nrt of Mas* 
?«achusetts» Feb. 27, 1813, under the name of the ** IMbine LiteiW 
ary and Theolof^cal Institution,^ fi>^ the purpose of aducating^ 
youth. 

The powers gi^n to the Sodety are such as are tflSttedfy ^^tirm 
4o Societies of this kind. It is made ^cw^lS^ hayit^S ^ASi^ 
iagr aBd;takittg in fee aimple-jor «iy less estate by gift, grant) 
-derise or otherwise, any laiid% t^emeats or other efibetsi taal or 

If 



1S2 

4 

piiraonal Promtkd the aannal income should jiot exceed the 
Bum of $ 30,000.'^ The clear rents, issues and profits of which is 
to be appropriated to the endowment of the Institution in such 
manner as most effectually to pVomote virtue and pietj, and a 
knowledge of such of the languages and of the liberal arts and 
sciences as the corporation from time t» time should direct. 
It may erect and keep in repair such houses and other buildings 
as the Board of Trustees- ^11 judge necessary, hut no .business 
-ahall be transacted unless thirteen are .present. 

By the act of its incorporation there was granted a township . 
of land ** to be Tested in the corporation of the institution, for 
the U8e» benefit and purpose of supporting saud institution, ^to.he 
by them holden in their oorpiirate capacity, with full. power to 
aeli, convey and dispose of, for settlement only,, and .to no one 
perscm a laiger quantity than one thousand acres, in such way and 
manner as shall best promote the welfare of the Institution, to 
be laid,c[ut^ndeJC the dicectioD.of, ^e committee for the sale of 
eastern lands. 

By an act passed^ June 19, 1^30,. the President andl^roste^ Of 
this Institulion-ftre authorized and empowered to confer such de- 
gfves as are usually conferred by UniversiUes establidaed for the 
educafioQ of >yoiith, provided'^tiiat-^aid ooipoaiiti^ shall confi^r 
ilo degree other 4han ttkOBe<fC' Beiihelor of Arta and Master of 
Arts, until after the first of January 18S0, and provided also that 
the said corporation shall not make or have any rule or. by -laws 
fequiring that any mnnber of the Trustees shatf- be of any. par- 
ticular religious denomination — ^Provided that no -student? sub* 
taining a:good moral character, shall be deprived of-any: privi- 
leges of ^aid Insjitution or be subjected to the forfeiture of any 
aid ^hichbas^been granted by said Institution for. the purpose of 
fabling him to prosecute his studies, or be denied admission to 
said Institution or the usual testimonials on closing his studies, 
on the ground that' his interpretation of the scripture differ from 
.j^bose, winch are contained in the articles of faith adopted* or to- 
%e adopted by said Institution. 

•The In»tiiution hns not adowei any artide Of luth, and I am well astmtA 
.4oe8 not .intend t». , 



•ffe3 

i?b President of the CJbllcgfe lias yet been elected^ but tha 
bosiaess of education is eioTied o&' under the superin tendance of 
the Rer. Jeremiah Chapiin. The present number of students is 
about thirty. A four story brick building is now erecting-, of 
eighty feet in length, and fi)rty in breads. 

By an act of June 28, 1820, one thousand dollars aiinually, 
for the term ofsCTen years, from the 14th February, 1821, was 
granted to this institution, to be paid from the tax on banks, one 
foitrtii of which is to be appropriated towards the partial or total 
reduction of the tuition fees of such students, not exceeding one 
half the number of any class who maj ^PP^y therefor. 

'The Her. Sylranus Boardman, is the present President of ibe 
aboard of trustees. 

Maine Charity SchooL 

** This School originated with the Society for Theological 

IBducation, and is nearly connected with that Society. 

^' In 1812, some measures were taken to establish the Institu- 
tion. ' . 

« On the 25th of Feb. 1814, it was incorporated for the pur- 
pose of promoting religion and morality, and for the education 
of youth in such languages, and in such of the liberal arts and 
sciences, as the Trustees thereof should from time to time judge 
the most useful and expedient for the purposes of the Seminar}^ 
and as they might accordingly direct. 

** The number of Trustees was never to be more than fifteen, 
nor less than nine. They may choose officers as they may see 
fit. They may receive and hold in fee simple or otherwise, any 
lands or other estate, i-eal or personal — provided the annual in- 
come thereof shall not exceed the sum of $ 15,000, and may dis- 
pose of the, same in such way as they may judge will<be most 
conducive to the general interest pf the seminary, and the pro- 
motion of piety and literature. 

♦' In 1816, it went into operation at Hampden, on ihe Pen- 
obscot. 

"In 1819, it was removed'to Bangor, where it is permanent- 
ly established. ' 



* QThtflBstitiitwii depends in a gteatjomrara fyrmgpoHyOn 
ebkritable contributions, and the good providence of God, wiio 
ifeas the hearts of men in bis bands. 

^ It has two ProfessorB, one of Theology, and one of Classical 
Literature, and twenty-tfro Students. Six gpradcated last year. 
Cominenoement, the last Wednesday in August. The Tean of 
Studies is lour yean : tbpee are devoted to literary and claifi- 
eal Studies, and one to Theology. To all pious 45tudeol8, pr^ 
parJBDg lor the ministry, tuition is ofk^eA gvaUs. l^tonsandin- 
digftfit students are assisted as to boaid and <^otl»ag^fit»a'the 
funds. But it is expected that theyfi^don^t tiieycanto 
euppovt'&enselves, aiidtbeyaio veifiafedtar^iindoneti^of 
what is g^ranted for their support Young awn of good monl 
character, bat not 4e«igned for the nunistry, may be admitted 
into the .seminary and, enjoy the literary advantage^, payin|f for 
their instruction.'^ 

I am indebted for the Imigoiag account, to a Bev:* (Gieatle- 
man, whojindly fonrafd^ i t fft wM> ftf- m y m 4. -^ 

Sinee Ibe kisertien of this account i have. 8iepe».in^^B<»- 
^m Reeof^er of August l^ 1881, the copy of a letter from the 
Treasurer of the soeiety, dated July 9^ <^ntaiaii^ a list of 
receipts from j^ Ut Decepober last> in donaticois, subscription 
and collections by agents, amounting to $1378»66 besides 'Uai^e 
quantities of clothing, and many valuable books-— also, a deed 
from Henry Ladd, of Portsmouth, N. H. conveying real estate, 
value unknown ; and one from Isaac Davenport, of Milton, Mass. 
securing to the seminary, a scitc for its buildings, estimated at 
not less than $1000.'* The writer says *' We have on our list 
fourteen beneficiaries," and that ** the whole expense of the 
seminary will for the current year, a little exceed $3000,'* arid 
<' that the income will fall considerably diort of three fonrtlis 
of that sum.'' 

Mame CfMriktble Jdefhanioft} As^odcUian. 

The meetings of this Society being holden, and the offio^9i'<|f 
4t r^si^i]^ in Portland, I h^re givwi an acoaimt of it . tmeng 
tiiose of other Societies in that town. [See p* 950 



1^^;;.=-^ 



125 

Fe(ux Sockty of Mom^ 
[See page 97.] 
• 

Xamt AgHcuUural Society, 

ThisSocietj was incorporated Feb. 16, 1818. It is made C3 
pable ia law, of purchasing, taking and holding, estate real and* 
personal, provided the annual income should not exceed the 
sum of $ 30^00. And it may make, establish) and put in exe* 
cution, such laws and regulations, not repugnant to law, as may 
be necessary for its goyemment ; and appoint o£5cers for the 
well governing and ordering the 'affairs of the Society. 

I cannot give a betteraecount of this important Society, than 
in the words <^ a- very re^i^table member of it, who has beea 
so obligfing as to eomply with, my desire that he would funiish 
me with one^— It is as foUews <«-— - 

'*In the year 1807, an Agricultural Society, was incorporated 
under th6 name of Ishe BEennebec Agricultural Society. It was 
partly formed out of the lemaias of a Society of persons, who 
bad voluntarily and with' good effect aasoeiated, in the year 1787, 
for the promotion of agriculture, by means of the importation of 
«eeds, cattle and implements. The newly ii^corporated Society, 
of 1807, continued in an active state for some years ; and trans- 
mitted various paperjsto the Massachusetts Agricultural Society, 
which were published along with the Memoirs of that Society^ 
taking indeed part of them.' ^ After a. time,, however, this new 
Society became dormant ; and, some, of the members, beihg 
joined.' with other individual&who favored, the. adoption of a more 
extensive plan, a meeting took place at Brunswick, whieh being 
soon followed by other steps, terminated in the formation of the 
present Society. ;* . 

The first president was the Horn Samuel &. Wilde, one of the 
Judges ofthe Supreme Court of Massachusetts ;'and the second 
wa8;tbe Hon. WilMam King, the late Governor of- Maine, *wlia 
\im pne&ides over this Society, (July- 1821.) ' ^ 

There has Been one sHew'of cattl^/^* which was held atF 
HaUawell* in October 18S0 ; and a second is appointed to be 



lie 

held at the tame pla66^ ill Oetober of 016 present year, (1821.) 

The leading object of this Society, as embracing in its Tieir 
the agricultural concerns of the whole State, is to unite every 
county of the State in its management and support- Hence, 
every county has a vice president and two trustees assigned to 
it ; and a coomiittee is expected to he foimed in each county, 
. to collect and transmit information to the parent Society, and 
become the organ of local distribution for whatever may be 
pfftced, for that purpose, in its hands. There is also a committee 
of publieatipns attached to the Society, havii^ a central position, 
(vi^ near the head of the tidewaters of the Kennebec,) which 
has published varioos Essays, iateod^Ate imitate tbefonn of ar- 
ticles in our Cyclopedkit ; fiie^ ioAKtmArs af^peaHog font in thb 
newspapers of the- State,- i^ch^wertf mosl €9eotnd, and. being 
copied into such others withiii the 8t«ttf^ ai founds itoDrivenieal 
16 insert them. 

The Annual Meethigof the a^EH^t^ii^rA €li^ fiUB^ro^lheshsw 
of cattle, &c^ ,*i^nd the trosteeil also, wh€^faafel6efiltnMjgpeiln^ 
of these shews, hate sit least dbre^ meetiaigflrapj^iAlod4ftdrta th* 
year. 

The fatOs erf the SooSefy'cmttistat'iyreflent'BelMy^off ^^e eett» 
tributiontf of its members, whoare in nMoiber abeat two handi«di 
e&ch paying one dollar per anntmr, or five doUsM for lift. The 
State has a6 yet furnished noaid; but* ItishdpedtiiatMme'pal* 
ronage, of a pecuMary nature irt least, will bd p^iMded'for th» 
Society^ at the enfiomg sessions of the State Legislirtiiie, in con* 
formitjr tp ^ practice now becoming iiniversal tbroaghout the 
O^hion, and which the labors of thi» Socif^^ the impdrtance of 
its objects, and tbe fespectalniity' of many of its membei%seeai 
to merit. 

The abore fiind {ft the Wholi oitoreiS i¥om'whcflfefe^ai» pUMni* 
uins of the Sodety are fttMshed,* andti^ whole' of it6 incidental 
«xpefises defrdyed; nhderv^hich*)ie«d'howeverwe«B»ist'AOt in* 
dude, that of adverMzdig; lifeac^ertisements hftting htthertfii 
been inserf^dj by a no^e generb^tyi^iji thfliovaffioilftniiwspa^Bm 
ofthe Stitej free of aii^ mx^^ 

Ju!y H 1821,. 



127 

Befiides tlnh Jgrieaitux^ Socicf^t ^^ i* in Maine, ose ia 
Oxfoitl Comitjr, also one in Someraet-Goimtjr) and anoUiev in tiie 
toWZiofWittthrop. 

£af eem Bnnic/i o/* (Ke Massackusetts EvangtUcdi MsHofiary 

'* The g^reat object of this Sociei^, is'^^'to frrrfii^ to the des- 
titute inhabifaiits of out* own cbiSMtfy and especially the Dis*- 
ttict of Maine, the means of religi«ti4 inatrocfiott and moral im- 
provement^ g^ivhig* oocasiomd aid to towns and panshes, in st)it»-> 
porting the gosp^ ministrf .** One of the arlSdes 6f its Con- 
stitution, contabxar a retCtluUon in the folkywing wofds, rix*. 
*< That no persons ^ail be employed as it^MissloBariefl, b^t tiitdk 
as are found ini th$ fdiiSi mk delivered t6 tfU «aM» ; approved 
for their knowledge, pradencer and i»ety ; aniiteted with chris-^ 
tiatf 2:eal ; diligent la their proper calling ; and r^ady toendtfm^ 
hardships, as good soldiers of Jesos Christ*'* And by sEm^tfaer it 
i^otttemplates tti itoitattf the example of the ptfceot Sodety^ who 
' jfnad^ it *< one impo^atfC pairt of thedr dnty, ta^v« thehr aid in 
the instnietibn and supertntendaiice of schools.." It was insti- 
tuted JSme 10, 181& 

'* It is supported by dbnaMons and annqal ft ib i ori ptioaa of one > 
dollar eai^. A donirtfofr of twenty d<^an^ O tfOrtHutw the do* 
zior a member for life^ One has been muSfSy by* a paerson an« 
known to the Society, of one huddled dollavsi The pr^seni 
number of members is about one hundiied«. 

Miine Branch of (he Jhtmican Sod^ for eSaaHHiH^ fit^ 

fotdhfot <Aie Goipei JttiiHiargv 
This Society (of which the late Dbtit Appletott was thrfim 
President) was establwhed at Portiand; Jfam f^ 181#;^ The liam^ 
of it shews the design of its institbti6ti;. Any person may be*^ 
come a member, by subscribing itsconstitution^^and paying a 
Sinn not less than two doUan^. and' may -oontintle a meinber'as 
loiig as h« shall pay annually thiat sum. Twenty-Sve- dollars^ 
paid by any person, makes hkn a member for Hh. Frotision i& 
ittade in the Constittftioh^for the formation of Bralfieh SOoietiea^ 
^d their repredent^ttion in tins Society.-^ alsb^- to^'ahaaal m a ul. 
Itigc and contHbutionsiL 



lit 

ii tcgavl to appiictfti Ar aid firam tibe Societf , and Hkisb 
■If- be i ccc i red as beaefieianes, the diiecton aie to gjBr- 
cm tWimfflT ca bj tke general priiiciiiles of tiie parest societj. 

TbepffeKfiinazDberof meoibeRisiiinetf-loBr. Theamoaut 
of SHK reonred sinee its eslafalisluaeot is ^ 1425, and that of 
fans expended, ^ 72^ 

Tm^to €fai€ MmmtBapiiMl EthmHnm Sockl^ 
Tbis Society «aa jnstitotpid Aqgost 17, 1819. It is siqiported 
bf aDBoalsobaraiptiansofdiffieieatsiim^ not less tban one dol- 
lar ; amncd Gontribatiaiis, and aoziUaiy soGietic& On tbe 5tb 
of Febraaiy IQSI* Sjlfanoa Boardman, Jeremiah Oiaplinyllio- 
nas B. lyplej.Bobeit Loar, Calvin Slockhrid^ Jkdin O^ri^n, 
their awociat^ and saocessors, were iooorpoiated into a bodf 
politic, bj tibe name of the '^ Trustees of the Maine Baqptist Soci- 
etj f* who weie, bj the act of inoorporatimi, enqnwered to 
make hjAaan te the. management pf their affiiirs, and to taktt 
and poMflM anj real or penonal estate to the valoe of sixtj 
thoonnd doUars, and to giye and grant,, bargain and sell, or 
lease die same. . Th^r har^^also power to elec^t soch officers as 
they niaj deem necessary, and iUl all Tacamdesin their nmnber, 
occasioned by 4eath,reagnatioii or otiierwise. . 

Tbe number of Tm^t^es is not to ez<5eed twenty. They meet 
annually at WaterFiUe, f» Tuesday, P. M. next before the an* 
noal meeting ottbe Corporation of Watendlle College^ 

All the Estate of the Corporation, both nal and perBona), in 
to be impnnred toj&e best adirantagey and the annual income 
thereof, and so nmoh of tbe, principal as the Trustees shall judge 
ptropeT) together witli the annua) subscriptions and contribu- 
tions, applied in making ifovision. for the education of such pecr 
SODS for the ministry, as p)ey may deem, fit subjects tJieTefor. 

J\itdkal SohodL 
This School waate8tabli5be4 by an Act of the L^^atnrei 
passed Jane 2?X^1890, jto be ^' under tbe.c6ntrol, superintend- 
ance and direption of th^ President and Trustees, and Oreif. 
seers of Bowdoin College, for t^e instruction of Stnd^ts in 
Medicine, Anatomy, Surgery,.Chemi&.try, Mineralogy and Bot- 
any '^ who are to appoint learned Profesaors thereof* . Th^eaft^ 



129 

Frdesnon^are to *< delhrer reg^ular lectures in their respective^' 
branches, at Buch times as the Corporatioo shall prescribe.^' 

-For the benefit of this Si^ol^ and for proouring^ the neces- 
•saiy Bodks, Fkttes, Preparations and Apparatus, the Legisla- 
tnre in the same Act, gpranted the sum of $.1500 ; and the «nm« 
of $i000.annually, until it shall otherwise direct 

Maine CongrtgaMoml 'Omritahle Socieh/.. 

By an Act of the Leg^islature of the State of Maliie, passed' 
January 23, 1821, the Rev. Elijah Kellog^g, and fourteen oth- 
er Ministers of the Gospel, mthiheir associates and successors,, 
wereineorporated krtoa bedy«polltio,for tlie'hmbtfne and benev- 
olent purpose of affi)rding^ r^efrOid snppert'te fbeiadijgent wid- 
ows and children of 'deceased' nrinisten : a-nd for tiukt purpose 
-were authorised to tite and hold any estate wiwse amraal^ in- 
come should not exceed the sum of five thousazid^iGSkrs, aiidlto 
give or grant, or barg^ain and s«W Ihe same ; «ndiMth ail ibe ^pri" 

of charity and benevolence. 

This Society was established by an Act of incorpor&ticAi pans* 
ed March 8, 18S1, which gives it ^ power to t£t1te and hold any 
real or personal estate, to the value of $ WfiOO ; and to ^Ite, 
^rant, bargain and sell the same, provided the whole amount of 
the income of such estate, together with all fines and penalties, 
received by the Society, shAll be applied ta uses consistent with 
the design of the Institution.'^ The act made it the duty of the 
Society, at their first meeting, to appoint Censors or E^afluners, 
for the examination of all who having been Students in Medi* 
cine and Surgery acccMrding t» the regulation of the Society, 
should offer thems^ves to be ai^pvoved and licensed as practical 
Phjpsicftans and Sufgeoois ; and ^' from tio^e to time to describe 
• fucb medical inatruction «c education as they should deem re- 
cpaaiB for candidates previous tt» their examination, to be pub- 
Ushed in. at least, two Newspapers printed in the State. Every 
ttgpiKfved candidate is entitle^ ^ a.lettec testimpnial of the «p« 



i3(r 

probation and license tfvbecome a practitioner, and may be ad* 
mitted to thedcgree of Bachelor/vi^'Doctor in Medicine at Bow- 
d<»ln College, and hare tbeuse^of the Society's Libnu^. And 
after tbree years* approved practice, and being of good moral 
character, be admitted' a^fellow of the society. 

The Society may annually elect Counsellors, and may annex 
£dcs to the. breach of any by-law, not exceeding fifty dollars to 
any one fibe. . The annual meetiogs of the Society are to be 
holden at Brunswick, on the Tuesday next preceding the first 
Wednesday of September in each year. 

In addition to the beforementioned Societies, there are in the 
State of Maine the foilowing^Tiz. 

Augusta Union Society-^or the improvement of morals and 
diffusion of useful knowledge , Instituted June 2, 1 8 1 9. Incor- 
porated June 10, 1820. . 

Buduport Female Chceriiable Society, Incorp. Jan. 1, 1815. 

yvuw m ii jm ch^w^fywhic siadety- Incorporated in 1819. 

Wiicatiti FemdU Asylum, 

Eastport J^echanic Association, 

Thomaston Marbk Mimufiukitiskg Ck>mp(^ Incorporated 
ltl8. Also a 

Female Missionary Society ^ in each of the fi)llowing towns— 
yiz. Bridgeton, Otisfield, Gushing, l^omaston-:— and a 

Foreign Missionary Society^ at Wiscasset^ one at BatB, and 
another at Portland ; of which last see page. 93. 

MASOOTC SOCIETIEa 

The Grand Lodge of Maine, 
This Lodge was incorporated by the Legislature of the State, 
June 6, t820« By tliBeact of its incorporation it is enabled '^ to 
take and hold, for charitable and benevolent, uses, any real es- 
tate to. the value of twenty thousand dollars, and any personal 
estate to the value of sixty thousand dollars," and to dispose of 
the same, *' wiUi all the privileges usually granted to other So- 
cieties, -instituted for purposes of charity and benevolence.'' 
' And by an article of its by-laws, it constitutes " The Grand 
Master, Deputy Grand Master, Grand Wardens and Recording 



1^ 

•-^Jrand Secretary a Board of Trustees of such estate. By oXtier 
articles it establishes a Charity Fund, ** which shall be from 
time to time increased, by adding thereto one half of all monies 
that may be in the Treasury at every annual meeting of the 
Grand liodge, over and ebove the debts of the Grand Lodge, 
and one half of all donations not specially appropriated by the 
donors." This fund is to be under the direction of the Trustees 
before mentioned, and six brethren, who are not acting officers 
of the Grand Lodge, being elected by ballot, for the term of 
three years, and constituting, during that term, a permanent 
part of the bdard, who meet on Monday preceding each quar- 
terly communication of the Grand Lodge. 

The meetings of the Grand Lodge are to be in Portland, on 
the second Thursdays of January, April, July and October. 

Under the jurisdiction of this Lodge, there are now within 
the State thirty-six subordinate Lodges, two of which are es- 
tablished in Portland. ' Each of these have a Fund for charitih 
.ble purposes, established by acts of incorporation. 
The following is a list of them. 

J'IRST DISTRICT. 

Portland— Portland. York— Kennebunk. 

Saco— Saco. Frecport — Freeport. • 

Cumberland-New-Gloucester. Adoniram — Limington. 

Ancient Land'Mark-Portland. Tranquil — Minot 

SECOND DISTRICT. 

Pythagorean— Fryeburg. Oriental Stair — Lrvermore* "^ 

Oriental— ^Bridgton. Blazing Star— Rumford. 

Oxford— Paris. 

THIRD DISTRICT. • 

ICennebec— HallowelL Temple— Winthrop. 

. Mahie-^Farmington. «Hermon— Gardiner. . . 

Tillage-^BowdqinhanL Waterville — Waterville. 

"Northern Star— Anson. Somerset— Norridgewalk* 
Bethlehem— 'Augusta. 

. FOUBtft DlStRIOTr . .. i 

Solar— Bath. Anuty— Camden. / 

United— Brunswick. Orient— Thomaston. 

Lincoln— Wiscasset. St. Gearge-^Wsoreii. . . 
uUnion — ^Union. 



"FIFTB DISTEf C*^ 

Hancock— Casdne. FeHcitj — ^Btatepwrt 

mnnf Yirtoe— Hampden. Bel&at—Bleil&st 

StXTH Xttarr&ICT. 

Waj^en— Machias. Eastern— Eaatpoii. 

Ttoacaa— Goluinbia. 

This Lodge was ori^ally mstitoted in l^fiffdi;^ 1760, andin:* 
CQfporated Febraaiy 7, 1820. Its Funds is at present $150({;k 
(See page 10|) Stated meetings Hie second Wednesday of evtf- 
iry month. 

This Lodge waa oiiginally institnted in June, 1806, and iit- 
ccvqMiated Jnne 19, 1819. The amowit of its present Fond is 
about ^1500. (See page 99«) Stated meetingfiihe fii^tWednes- 
^y in erery month. 

There is also a 

Grand Royal Arch Chapter for f^ State qf JUaine. 
Org^anized February 7, T821. Its jurisdictioneztends'throiigli- 
oat the State, and it has four subordinate Chapters, oneof WbMi' 

is in Portland, ti^ 

• 

Jifotp^/^ii«fifiX&a|4^. 
TbitlBsti^g[tfoiM»'-notiaioai|N)nted .biitwas«fofmfldaiidH»v^ 
gamzed M-Foi^aiilk aboiit«£ileen years ago f soon alter whick 
it established a Fund of abont$500. Its stated meetings aie helA 
in Portland, on the tiiiijd^JABnclays^of eadi of &e antomnal and 
winter-monlhsv « 

The othev Cha^enr- «i«* Mmtgomery Gfaa^^tee, .QOtffc— Neir 
Jerusalem -Olkapter, f^h m ee e ^ J erusaleai:Cttapter» Il o H m ooU * 
Qrhere'isalso«ests(bKiAed4»^ortland / 

ACouneU of Royal Mutere and Apf^$&dantlMkni 
stated t:k>nTocation«t"Ma8uuffibll,. die first Mondays In 
January, Aptit,- Jidy and.Oottober. 

Also, 



1S3 



ACADEMIEa 

Besides the Portland Academy, of which some account has 
been ^iren, (Seepage 91,) Academies hare hcen estahlished 
in the following places in the State of Maine^ arranged accord- 
ing tdrthe order ofiimean which they w^reoiespectively inoor- 
]porated. 

Time of fncor. Tovms. Time of Incor* 

March, 1791 Bloomfield, Feb. 1807 

March, 1791 Belfast, Feb. 1808 

Feb. 1792 Warren, Feb, 1008 

March, 1792 Bath, (Female) March, 1808 
Feb. 1801 Bridgeton, M^rch, 1808 

March, 1803 Limerick, Nov. 1808 

March, 1803 Monmouth, June, 1809' 

March, 1803 Saco, Feb. 1811 

Feb^ 1804 North-Yarmouth, Feb. 1814 
-March, 1805 Augusta,(Female) June, 1817 
Feb. 1807 Bangor, (Female) June, 1818 



Berwick, 

Haliowell^ 

Fiyeburg, 

Macl»as, 

lancolB, 

'€k)rham, 

BluehiU, 

Hampden, 

Hebron, 

Jtath, 

Farmington, 



BIBLE SOCIETIES. 
Bible Society of JUaine^ 

As the Meetings of the Bible Society of Maine, and of the 
Trustees of saad Society, have always beenholden at Portland^ in 
the County of Cumberland ; and as since its incorporation an 
^Independent Society has been formed in each of the other coun- 
ties of the State, (except Oxford, which is auxiliary to the 
Maine Bible Society,) I have placed some account of it among 
the accounts ^f other Societies in that Town. 

Besides this and the County Societies, there are in the State ^ 
the Kennebec Marine Bible Society — the Biddeford and Soco 
Marine Bible Society— rand at Portland, an Auxiliary Marine 6i- 
>leSeciety« Of this last. Sec Page 103. 

BANK& 

Barnes. Capitals* J^aities, Capitals, 

Cumberland, $200,000 Portland, 200,000 

Kennebunk, 100,000 €aco, 120,000 

Batb, 100,000 Augusta, 100,000 

Hallowell & Augusta, 150,000 Kennebec, 100,000 

Wiscasset, 100,000 Gardiner, 100,000 

Waterville, 100,000 Castine, 100,000 

Bangor, . 100,000 P^ssamaquoddy, 100,000 

Lincoln, 100»000 



134 



I have thus firiven a s:ipinil«eeonit«f the late District, (now 
State) of Maine, and ef tbeteveital IwtitiitioiNy v^hioh ha<re been 
ibnned therein, fer the Sta^ at larn^e ; together wi^ a list of 
those whose operatioas are copfioe^ to particular portions ^ 
the State, so &r as I ha4 aay knowledge of tfaeei. Thiiu^«^»» all 
I bad in contemplation, when I made a division of tbi^ Appei^ 
dix into four parts, exeept €be Census and Veliiation of fisMes, 
which I paqxMe to insert af the end of iit— not only for estend- 
iog the information thereof more gt^eraUy, and for the better 
preserving the •Imowlefige ,of the pvssent population and )K9¥lk 
of the State, but that its progress in these respects may he ae- 
eertained in time to come. 

The following account of LovewelVs Fijgt^^ ^ ioi^^rted. hgr 
particular request : as an event of peculiar interest, it wiE 
doubtless gratify many, and be received with general satisfitie- 
tion. 



tOVEW ELL'S FIGHT. 



^n atmw^ efCt^^ John LovetowiPs Batik wi^ tfoe /m 
diam^ at Pigwacket^ (ncrw FrythutgJ in tht begins 
ninif of ifccyear 17S5. 

The Bttocessof the forces at Norridg^wock, atid the krgfe pre^ 
miam ofieeed ^r^caliMt* having induced several Volunteer tom^ 
panies to go out, they visited one after another of the Indiail 
villages, h«t &«ind them deserted* Tho fate of Norridgwock 
had struck such a terror into them, that they did fiot think them* 
selves safe at aay.of iheir former places of abode, and occupied 
them as testiiag jSaees, OBl|r when they were scouting or hunfr 
ing. 

Ooe of these voluntej&r companies,^ under the command o/ 
Capt. Jowff hovKwsujLy ef Dunstable, was greatly distinguished^ 
firsts by tboir success, aad aftertvards by theiir misfertuaes. Thi9 
company consisted of thirty ; and at their first excursion to the 
northward of Wiwuptseoge^lafae, thi^ discovered an Indian 
nigvnmny in which were « mam and a bo;* They killed an^t 
scalped the man,, and brought the hoy alive to Bottent where 
thej^.jr«C«ivedtbe rewardt pvoiQused by law^ and % han^feom^ 
Uniiuity besides. 

By tluesuGcea8hiscompanywaaaiiYm«atediojBeventy. They 
marcMl again^ and visited the place where they had.killed the 
Indian, and fboad the body ai thej had left it two months before. 
Their provision falling short, thirty of them were dismissed by 
|ot and returned. iThe remaining forty eontbiiiod tllefp march 
tin they diseoveied a track, it^ch tbcy Allowed til! they saw «l 



smoke, just before sunset, by which fbcj judged that the eoem^ 
were encamped for the night. They kept themselves conceal-^ 
ed till after midnight, when they silently advanced, and discov- 
ered ten Indians asleep, round a fire, by the side of a frozen 
pond. Lovewell now determined to make sure work ; and pla- 
cing his men conveniently, ordered part of them to fire, five af 
once, as quick after each other at possible, and another part to 
feserve their fire. He gave the signal, by firing his own gun, 
which killed two of them i the men firing according to order, 
killed tve more on the spot ; the other three startii^i^ up from 
Ibeir sleep, two of them were immediately shot dead by the re- 
serve; the other, though wpunded, attempted to escape by cros*. 
sing' the pond, but was seized by a dog, and field fast 621 they 
killed him. Thus in a few minutes the whole company waadc^ 
stnyed, and some attempt against the frontiers of New-Haadp- 
ahbe prevented ; for these Indians were marching from Canada, . 
well furnished with new guns, and plenty ofammunition* They 
Jhbd also a number of spare blankets, mockaseens and snow-shoes, 
ioT the accommodation of the prisoners whom they expected to* 
take, and were within two days* march of the frontiers. The 
pond . where this exploit was performed, .is at the head of » 

branch of Salmonfali River, in the township of Wakefield, and 
has ever since borne the name of Lovewell's Pond. The action* 

is spoken of by elderly people, at this distance of time, with an 
air of exultation; and considering the extreme difficulty of 
finding and attacking Indians in the woods, and the judicious, 
manner in which they were so completely surprised, it was a 
capital exploit. - ' * ^ 

The brave company, with the ten 'scalps stretched on hoops 
and elevated on poles, entered Dover in triumph, (Feb. S4) and 
proceeded then to Boston ; where they received the bounty of 
one hundred pounds each, out of the public treiisury, (March 9;) 

Encouraged l>y this successs, Lovewell marched a third Urns 
(April 16 ;) intending to attack the villagpe of Pigwacket, on the 
upper part of the river Saco, which had been the residence of a 
tbrmidable tribe, and which they stiU occasionally inhabited'*'* 

*7*o attempt a mank 6f more £WlOOmiZes tnfo tU wUdenuss; where 
i»ota friendly Aicl, or civilized iiMntant were to be met witkr-^here 



137 

His Gompany at this time consisted of forty-six, including a chap- 
Iain and surgeon : two of them, provioig lame, returned : another, 
falling sick, they halted and built a stockade fort, on the west 
side of the great Ossipee pond ; partly for the accommodation of 
the , sick man, and partly for a place of retreat in case of any 
niisfprtune. Here the suigeon was left with the sick man, aod 
eight of tl^ company for a guard. The number was now re- 
duced to thirty-four* Pursuing their march to the northwar4» 
<hey came to a pond, about twenty-two miles* distant from the^ 
fort, and encan^ped by the side, of it« . Eairly the next momingt 
[May BJ while at their devotions, they heard the report of e^. 
gnsXy and discorei^ a single Indian, standing on a point of land, 
which ran into the pond, more tbaa a mile distant. They had^ 
been alarmed the precediii^ mght, by noises round their camp, 
which they imagined were made by Indians, and this opinion 
wa» now strengthened. . .They suspected that the Indian was 
..placed there, to decoy them, and that a body of the enemy wa$ 
in their front. A consultation being held, they determined to 
march forward, and by encompassing the pond, to gain the place 
where the Indian sjfcood. And that they might be ready for ac- 
tion, they disencumbered themselves of their packs, and left 
them, without a guard, at the north-east end of the pond, in a 
pitch pine plain, where the trees were thin, and the bushes, at" 
that time of the year, small. It happened that LoVcwelPs march 
had crossed a carrying-place, by which two parties of Indians, 
.consisting of forty-one men, commanded by Paugus and Wahwa,. 
who .had been scouting down Saca m^y were returning to the 
lower viUage oi Pigwadbeet, distant about a mile and'a half from 
this pond.^ Haiping'iaHen.'on his track, they followed it till they 
cam9 to the packs,' which they removed; and coui^ting them, 
found the number of his men to be less than their own. They^ 

savages and woloe^ were " hrds of the soil V- — where " dangers prest on 
esoery side !" ' was a desperate etdveniuroi reserved for the daring spirit 
of an intrepid LovetoeU.' • TheH was not at the time of ihe battle a whitQ. 
^inhabitant witkiii fifty mUes of (he scene of action. 

* Tlie priuted accounts s^y forty : it is probable the march v.*as clvcJis 
itous. 

k2 ■ • " 



158 



therefofe plaMd thanelres io ambusht to attack tiiem on theii* 
return. The Indian who had 6tood on the point, and was re- 
taming^ to the villag*, )af another path, met them, And received 
their fire, which he returned, and woilnded l^oveweH iuid anoth- 
er, with small shot. Lieut. Wyman firing dgaift, ISSit^ hini, &nd 
they took his scalp*. Seeing no other enemy, they returned tb 
the pUice where they had left their packs ; and while th^y t^r^ 
looking for them, the Indians rose and ran towards them With k 
horrid yelling. A smart firing commenced on both ^ides, it be- 
ing now about ten of the clock. Capt. Loyewell and eight 
more weft killed on &e fepot. Lieut Fbowell and two otherft, 
were wounded. Several of the Indians fell ; but, being superidlr 
in number* they endeavored to surround the party, i^ho pei^ 
living their intention, retreated, hoping Id be sheltered by ^ 
point of rocks which raft into the pond, and a few large pine 
^Irees, standing aa aaandy beach. In this forlorn place they took 
iheir sltftkm ; on their nght, was the mouth of a brook, at that 
time onfbrdable; en their left, was the rocky point; their front 
was partly covered by a d^p bog, and partly uncovered ; and 
the pond was in their rear. The enemy galled them in front 
and flank, and had them so completely in their power, that bad 
« they made a prudent use of their advantage, fhe whole company 
must either have been killed, or obliged to suitendcr at discre- 
tion — being destitute of a mouthful of sustenance, and anesoape 

^ This hOS^ has teen eelehmed as i^leib^ aisd taalisd^tii th^ 
BoDMui Gftitliis, wUs-AnfocM M m rttf to HsMh, to Mmihis <sounBry. IBm 
tfntekinsoa's Hht. Vol, n. p. St&} Havk^ JMen on te sjietw^ 
Una oelebmtedactiea han^aa^'aiKlhavnig efiVkvemd witii peisons wfa^ 
were acquainteil with the Indiaos of VifpimckeU before aad after this 
batdc, I am coikvioced that there is no foundation for the idea that he 
was ^ced there as a decoy, and that he had no claim to the diaracter 
^^Kk The point on which he stood, is ft noted fishin^^ place ; ttie goB 
which alanaed Lavewell's cqm^pajif^ wa? tied at a flock of ducks; and 
when they met inm, he was retunung home with his game and two fowl- 
ing pieces, The village was •situated at the edge of the meadow on Saco 
fiver, which here forms a large bend. The remains of the stockades 
were found by the first setUers, forty years afterwards. Tbt pond is in 
ihe township of Fryebui^. 



tSB 



hein^ ^fmQJtsHcM^ Vndn tiii odUddct of Ldml Wysan, 1^ 
lteptnpi^d» £te, and A»#cd ar jffe a i ioto troBHttiuBBoe, »U the 
ydtni&adia* of ><&« ilay ) dari^ ^Mcbv tbeiar Chafihiit^ Janatfasfi 
Ftje*i Ensign Robbins, and one more, were mortally wounded. 
The tncGans invited th^m to surrender, hf holding up ropes to 
them, ani endeavoring to infimidate them by their hideous 
yella. ^t they determined to die, rather than yield ; and by 
their weU dinioted fiitt, the wunber of tiie mjfagCM was thinned, 
and theur enea became jbiater-^iil jmat hefow tti^iht^ when thcgr 
iquilAed tbeir adi^ntageem ttwoA^ taffying atf their killed atti 
wounded, aftd leavittg the dead be^ttesef liO^^s^reH and his 'meSa. 
undcalpedf. ^ Hie shattered temnant of this brave company, col- 
lecting themselves together, fbiindl^ree of their number unaUb 
to move from the spot ; eleven wounded, bat able to march, and 
nine who had received no hart ^ It iraa m/riancholy to leave 
^heir dyia^ compaaioiis hehiad, but there^ was no pois&ility. «f 
ivmoviiig them; One of theoi^ £naigB MbfaiMB, tiesired then 
tb iay hJB^a byhim Htarg«d, Hiat if #Mrindtans ehoaid fciturB 
before his death, he miglit be able to kill one nolv. After the 
rising of the moon, {mfft thxir amnnt,} they quitted idie fatal 
spot, and directed their inarch towards the fort, where the sur- 
geon and guardliad been left, ptoping iofind a recruity and to re- 
iwrn viilh/raih hmd$^'io reUtve Viem*^ To the\r great suxpnae, 

* Jtfr. iVyfi Hit aufy mm of Qtpt, Barnes Frye^ (ff Ai^diQver^waa $ 
^fiy»g gwUemtm qfa Hbcrnl edfucaUon^ wJW iook Mm degree, ai ColUgCt 
' 1723. He Vfits gre^tty-Mov^ by (Ae, vemptm^for ki9 tsceUent ferfitrmr 
anc€9and good b^unmtr, andfongfU frith vndmmied cour^gt. HU qboui 
M« miMe of^e «/fer»oon, tnhtn, bfmgmorumyi looHiidr^ A« wMfynht 
ato longer^ bui prayed oudi^fy severaltiauMtfor ib^f reservation wad «i^ 
9U* ^ XA# tendw oJHu fompany^ 

. ^ Bf^tlu best tfi/bmuttton, whiek \om qf^et^u»rd$ obfUAMd from fib 
^ ithdmns v)ho veve in. ihe engagemmi, 0ifire wem iibovi eigMy ^fh$ 
^■M^ ojqwMdJo ouip valorous iWrp, mUk otUy ifdr$y4ieo mtm* • Tke 



,^^Jn7ied on ihejiwri' of the enemy, including their Paiagii% vxmforif- 
fiee, 'M woe w j t jw wid <wd believtd tihrf notwtore <fco» hoenty ^ the awe» 
^0^went^^v>elt' 

4- The JifjHtc9nHmud very furious and ob9Hnate tiU imuards night 



14D 

tbey fomnd tf deseried* la the bef^nin^ of faction, one man' 
(whofe name has not bMO tbougbt ivoitby to be transmitted tl» 
poBterity) quitted the ileld, and ted to the fiurr^ where, in the 

* Solomon JQes also came to the fart When ha hadfougbt m the bat* 
tie tiU be had received three wonadi, aod had become so weak by ^tuilom 
of blood that he could not stand, he crawled up to £nsign Wyman, In the ^ 
beat of ^e battle, and told him he was a dead jnan ; but (said he) ifit be. . 
possible, I win get out of the way of the Indians^ that they may not get 
my scalp* Kies then crept off by tfie side of the pond to where he pioy* 
Identially found a eanoe, vfintn he loHed himselfinto it, and was driven by 
the wind several miles toward the fort ; he guned strength fest, and , 
.reached the fort as soon as the eleven before mentioned i and they all ar« ^ 
rived at Dunstable on the 13th of May, at night 

On the 15th of May, Ensign Wyman, and three others, arrived at thm- . 
stable. They sullered greatly for want of provisions. They informed, 
that they were wholly destitute of all kinds of food, from Saturday mop 
inng till the Wednesday following ; when they ciiaught two mouse squir- 
rels, which they foasted whole, and found to be a sweet monel. They 
aftexwards lulled some partri^es and other game, and were comfortably 
soppUed till they got home. 

• Eleazer Davis arrived at Berwick, and reported, that he and the other 
three who were left with Inm, waited some days for the return pf the men 
from the fort, and at length, despuring of their retiun, tliough their wounds 
were putrified and stank, and they were almost dead with fiunine, yet they 
all travelled on several miles together, till Mr. Frye desired Davis and 
FarweU not to hinder themselves any longer on his accoant, for he found 
himself dyii^, and he laid lumself down, telling them he should never rise 
more, and charged Davis, if it should please God to bring him home, to go 
to his father and tell tum that he expected in a few hours to be in etemi: 
ty, and that he was not afraid to die.— They left Him, and this amiable 
and promising yonng gentleman (who had die journal of the march in his 
pocket) was not heard of again. 

lieutenant Farwell, who was greatly and.no doubt deservedly applaud- , 
ad and lamented, was also left by Davis within a few miles of the fort, and. , 
was not afterwards heard of. . But Davis gettii^ to the fort, and finding - 
provision there, tarried and refreshed himself, and recovered strength to 
travel to Berwick. 

Josiah Jones, another of the 4 wounded who were left the day after^the >■ 
6ght but a short distance from the scene of action, traversed Saco rivei, 
and after a fatiguing iHmble, arrived at Saeo, Ihow Biddeford) cmaciatedt 
and almost dead from the loss of tOood, the pittrefaction of hilt ti^otiads and 



ut 

i^i q( Job's meMi^iiirers, he Informed them of LorewelTa deal^ 
sod the defeat of the whole company-; upon which they, made the 
best of their way home, leaving a quantity of bread and pork^ 
which was a se^;sonabie relief to the retreadng survivors. From 
this place, they endeavoi«d to get home*. Ldeut Farwell, and 
the Cha]^n, who had the joamal of their march in his jiockef, 
and one more, perished in the woods, for want of' dresdngs for 
their wounds. The others, after enduring Ihe most severe hard* 

the want of food. He had subsisted upon the spontaneous vegetables of 
the forest ; and cranberries, SfC. which he bad" eaten, came out at a wound 
he had received in bis body. He was kindly treated by the people at Sa- 
(Bo and lecoveied of his wmmds. 

' Seveial of die Indians, paiiicQlariy Paugus, flieir Chief, were well 
jknown to LoveweU*s men, ^ frequently conyersed svith each otb^r, during, 
the engagement. la the course of the battle, Paugjus. pad John ChambeK*' 
lain discoursed (amiliarly with each other, and |he latter assured Paugus 
that he should kill him ^ Paugus also menaced him, and bid defiance to his 
insinuations ; when they had prepared their gups, they loaded and dis» 
diaxged them, and Paugus fell. 

A son of Paugus, after it bad become a time of peace, went to Dunsta- 
ble, to revenge his lather's d^atb, with the death of Chamberlain.— He did. 
not go directly to Chamberlain s, but to the house of a ne^bor, where he 
tartied several days, on some pretended business, tha(t bos design might 
not be discovered ; his errand was however saspected^ and a hint given 
to Chamberlain— who cut a port-hole above his door, through which he 
very ^arly one naoniing discovered an Indian behind his wood-pile, lying 
.with his gun pointing ^Urectly to the door ; and it was supposed that the 
same musket which had conveyed the mean of death to the bosom of the 
great Paugus, also proved fatal to his son, as he was not afterwards heani 
of. 

It IS also reported of this Chamberlain (who was a stout and courage- 
ous man, and who used to say that he was not to be killed by an Indian) 
that he was once fired at by an IndUus, as be was at work in a saw-mil), 
at night ; he was in a stooping position, and ^d not discover the Indian 
tin he fired, who was so n^ar him he immediately knocked him down with 
^ ctopM ban witftwltt^ he was setting his log. 

lieot. Josiah Farwell, Mr. Chaplain Frye and Elias Barrows were 
wounded and died by the way, in attempting to return home. 

* As they proceeded on, they divided into three eompanies, one inom> 
ing, as they were passing a thick wood, fb« fear of making a tiaek, by 



^ips, came itt, tfiltf Met aftdtber, aAd #ere iddt mSy teceiyisdt 
with joy, but were reconipenced for their valof and sufiTeriog^i 
and a generous prori^on waa made for die widows and children 
of the slain- 

A party frpm the frontiers of New-ttampshire were onierchtf 
out to bury the dead ; but by some mistake did ttot reach fW 
plac€ of action. Cok Tyiig, with a company ftdm Ounsfobl^: 
went to the spot^ and bavins found the bodktB 9i twelve, bmied 
them, and carved their «anies en the trees w^re. the battle wee 
lbu|^ht« At a little distance he found three tndUa gvaves, wfaieii 
he opened; ene of the bodies waa known- to be thxax wacnov 
Paiigus. He also observed tracks of Uoodf en the jyemdi ia ^ 
fieal distance fiem the se6Peef«etiQ» Hi««Bj@emeilieck(^at 
•week hefoM this Mgmint hiyp e iieJ^ it M Ibeeat vepovM 
iftPerfsmewO^ at the dislaaee ef ei^h«f mUea^ ^Mn/imM^ 
Vstnatum: frou tnti ttniiL QttiA inci^Nit^' itei^ tkot uAobtOislfii^ 
aad could scarcely deserve flottce, it ttsty did not iadlcatig tBatt 
a taste fi>r the maiyelknis was not extingoisbed iia the £iunds of 
the most sober and xationa]. ' 

This waaone of the most fievoe andobstmate battjes ndiieh 
Ikad been fou^t with the Indiamu They had not only the adr 
4pantage of aumborS} but of flaoiii^ theaaselveft la ambush), and 
awaiting witib delCbera^on the moment of attack. TheseciRnimr- 
slances gave them a^ degree of ardem* aad iaitpetiiDsity. £jfiv» 
fpeU afid his moB) tiwugh disappointed of meettsf^ ttWF eoemy in 
ttfeirfront, expected and tfetermined to fl^t The lyi of tliefr 
commander, and more than one quarter of their number, in the 
Unt o&fiet, iHras greatly discouraging ; but they knew that the 
fiituation to which they were reduced,, and their distance irom 
the frontiers, out off all hope, ef safety fyom flight la these 
elrcumstaneesy^piudaBee' aa wett-ae valof Stated a ^ctatiaiwnoe 
oiihM e^agemeet, addraivefuaal'tosunttadft]^; ental theeAeB9, 

jivbtch the enemy might foUibw theflb Gskt of tte eenapaiiles eame upon 
ilff€ie iwnteiff, tvhe pttitfcted them s(oc|ie tiiiM. Kcaa' wMtev £lias Bar. 
row, one of this paity, g^xtqfed ttom the stheif» bsA got over Ossipei 
i^«r, by th»«d»elwhiatobU»||NMam mm fesw^ hut ki waajaotheaid 



143 









This account of LovcwelPs battle was collected, by Mr. Bel- 
Iboiap, from tbe aufhorities cited in the inargp[n, and from the 
-rerbal tnfonnatien of aged and intelligent persons. The names 
.of the dead, on the trees^ and the h(^es where both had been in* 
teived 4r cat ont, were plainly visible, when be was on the spot 
in 1784. The trees had then the appearance of being rery 
fild, and one of tb^n was &llen. 

O^The Notes printed in italics, and that which is inserted 
at, and continned fram, page 140, are taken from a pamphlet, 
Written by tbe Rer. T. Symmes, pastor of a Church in Brad- 
ford, and printed by A. U J. Shirley, in 1818 ; wherein he has 
preserved the names of Capt. Lovewell's (or as be ^spells the 
fistl^e, Lovell's) company.' 



.* • 



CENSUS, 

AKD 

VALUATION OP ESTATES, 

IK TBE 

STATE OF MAINE. , 

Taken in the Tesur 1820. 



COUNTY OF YORK. 



Alfred, 

Arundel, 

Berwick, 

Biddeford, 

BnstoD, 

Coriiitb, 

Elliot, 

H0UI9, 

Kittory, 

Lebanon, 

Lyinan, 

Limerick, 

Limin^^on, 

Newfield, 

Fartontfield, 

Saco, 

Sanfoid, 

Shapleigb, 

Sooth Berwick, 

Waterborougb, 

Yosk, 

Keanebiuik, 

WeUt, 

Totiil, 



PfTfOIU. 


P9Ut. 


1271 


275 


2478 


500 


2736 


544 


1738 


366 


2590 


534 


1088 


189 


1634 


352 


1762 


342 


1886 


406 


2223 . 


431 


1367 


283 


1377 


268 


2122 


434 


1147 


213 


2355 


474 


2532 


543 


1831 


372 


2815 


578 


1475 


299 


1763 


. 342 


.3224 


672 


2145 


4U3 


2660 


576 



Balt«i». 
Bridgtoot 



46,284 9,476 

COUNTY OF OTMBERLAND. 

P<r«oti#. 1 Pottf. 
\1124 • 242 

.1160 ; 263 



* Tke etBts,iii di« cxpreticd valiution oJT «m;^ town, fire 
are utcjodedio the addUion of tbe wbele amooot ef cbe " — 



Eilatgi- 

96/967 
324,122 
20Q,4!^& 
* 164,706 
160,070 
' 59,863 
108,928 

94,918 
116,091 
116,689 

76,232 

85,126 

97,557 

67,336 
159,272 • 
286,542 ' 
102,950 
138,584 
131,758 

78,029 
256,940 
235,023 
170,920 

> I ■ Mil. 

$3,329,059 10 



Etiaies. 
'45,970 
76,966 

left out ; but tftef 
til eack coonty • 



t46 






FUmoattr 



KM3 
1560 



349 



483 
569 



Gtay, 

Hvpfwell, 

Minot, 

Hew- GlooctsUr, 

OUsfield, 

Fortlmnd, 

Poland, 

Pownmlf 

lUTSoad, 

ScariMifoiip^ 

Staadish, 

Westbrook^ 

WimHiaai,. 

Tbonpton Pona 

Tottl, 



1479 

^789 



'I 



157 
295 



tS24 




901 

1734 
473 

945 



43S 
399 

513 

:399 

SI 



210,38S 

91,577 

48,585 

99,116 

174,446 

17^404 

941,955 

88,040 

40,789 

88,576 

133,669 

1^,390 

361,741 

78,160 

1,695,185 

53^195 

75,851 

4t;387 

233,696 

140,893 

236,143 

126,1123 

12,3^ 



49,339 10,164 
COUMTT OF LINCOLN. 



Aloa, 

Appletoii 

Bath, 

BootbbajTt: 

Bowdoitt, 

Bowdoialiaa, 

Briaiol^ 

Camden, 

Costing, 

Dretden 

"Edgtcomb^ , 

Frifndsh^, 

G«oi|;etowa, 

Hope, 

Jefferson, 

Litcbfi/ld^' 

Lewistoii» 

Lisbon, ' 

««optyiIl< 

Montrille PlMteOoBv 

New-Citttl«« 



975 
-611 



Peflf. 



4950 

ri777 

3259 

2927 

1825 

600 
1338 
1629 

587 
1166 
1179 
1577 
2120 
1312 
2240 
1266 

409 
1240 



32 
541 
404 
339 

429 
682 
381 

m 

^8 
994 

130 
1155 

199 
269 
4r2 
''299 
3S9 
2^ 

76 
250 



i 

A. 



f4,7U,918 71 



86,964 

23,840 

236,997 

91,^t99 

73^499 

199,689 

164,769 

131,177 

.97409 

89,201 
25,339 
75,999 
57,19ft 
79469 
199^999 



99^3i--'K 
73,971 

10^999 
69,919 



14T 



Falermoi, 

Phipsbargb, 

Putnam, 

St. George, 

Tboraastos^ 

TopshaxD,- 

Union, 

^«{i)6boroitt;1i. 

Walet, 

WttNJn, 

Whttefitia; 

l¥i#eaflMt\ 

Wo6lwich, 

Pfttriditawa fluKition, 892 

Toltl, 



Belfatt^ 

B«lmon(| 

6}uehUI, ^ 

Brooks, 

Breok&vine^ 

Bucksport, 

Cftstfiie, 

Deer ltl«, 

Cdett, 

inUwor(b| 

FraaklWt^ 

Iilesborop^, 
Jmckiooy 

LinMflTiRe, 

MootM, 

Mov^i Dcstrt, 

Nortlkpovti 

OrlaM, 

Pen^ilMotf 

8«aittiibtte|: 

SMlHteklr; 

BQUirln^ 

Tho«Hfilw^ 
Trenton, 



P<rtonf. 


PolU. 


SsUles^ 


1553 


308 


102007,. 


1056 


203 


62,653 


1119 


260 


83,465 


652 


240 


32,226 


1026 


223 


34,650 


2651 


675 


161,504 


1420 


814 


88,321 


1391 


388^ 


87,453 


2244f 


.652 


180^P6 1 


515 


98 


31,179 


1826 


394 


126,576 


1429* 


' 262. 


69,lpl. .. 


2131 


400 


162,814 . 


1330. 


374 


106,520 


D, 292 


10i692 


7,677 


52,953 


|3|163,707 36 


JlfTY OP HANCOCIC 


* 


Fen9n$» 


F^Us. 


B$taU9. 


»>26 


402 


1>|I6,049 ^ 


744 


149 


21,767 


" 963 


215 


. 68.796 


319 


70 


27,696 


972 


290 


61,l«6 


i^to 


3^ 


in,449 


976 


299 


174,413 


1^2 


3^ 


I0ft»261 


'764 


143 


34;^ 


992 


206 


70.636 


«27 


4f0 


J3Q,692 


560 


161 


44,110 


6i89 


149 


34,162 


576 


71 


31,454 


560 


112 


41,42B 


1294 


241 


69,096 


680 


162 


34,470 


1349 


309 


66,006 


999 


17^ 


40.893 


610 


128 


45,349 . 


4909 


^169 


55.606 


1771 


351 


94,348 


676 


156 


88,953 


1420 


281 


75,278 


i972 


227 


67.939 


*428 


96 


25,698 


.903 


103 


32,097 '* 


498 


19$ 


40,376 


639 


116 


36,26# 


1908 


281 


53,371 



148 



« 


Ptrt^na, 


PoUt. 


yrfafati 


MMiavillc, 




38 


13,094 


No. 14, or MariftTilU 8. 


12 


4,858 


No. 26, or MftriaTilU N. 


18 


7,069 


No, 27, or Richards, 




10 


5,753 


No. 8 4c 9, or N. SuUiTto 


70 


13,969 


No. 15, or Kaftbr»ok, 




10 


5,508 


No. 13, or Ottg, 






9,000 


Waldo Plantatioo, 




40 


3,113 


Residue of Bingbam^i 


\ Parchate, 




.34,ooa 


No. 10, adjoiniof Steuben, 




3,400 . 


Totol, 


31,071 


6,312 


$1,951,158 84 


COUNTY OF KENNEBEC. 


* 




Btftont. 


FolU. 


fifftfet. 


Aagosta, 


2457 


494 


183,029 


CbetterrHle, 


612 


142 


41,629 


ClintoB, 


1356 


279 


72,743 


Belgrade, 


1121 


187 


53,148 


China, 


894 


170 


40,647 


Dearbem,. 


463 


94* 


15,095 


Fairlax, - 


1204 


226 


55,347 


Farffliojfton, 


1938 


397 


143,235 


Fayette, 


828 


165 


52,955 


Freedom, 


788 


154 


30,711 


Gardiner 


2053 


343 


230,812 


Oreeo, 


1309 


238 


72,624 


NaUo«rdtf 


2919 


599 


316,982 


HarleiD, 


862 


155 


30,130 


Joy, 


505 


91 


22,012 


Leedf, 


1534 


268 


86,018 


MalU, 


1054 


183 


29,089^ 


Monmoath, 


1596 


310 


91,591^ ' 


Mount VemoD, 


1293 


271 


72,709 


New Sharon, 


1219 


240 


69,055 


Pittfton, 


1337 


286 


94,6^ 


Readfield, 


1513 


328 


125.208 


Rofliie, 


533 


97 


12,297 


Sidney 


1890 


356 


1311,735 


Temple, . 


615 


119 


22,008 < 


Tw^ty-five Mile Plan. 202 


38 


9,06$ 


Unity-, 


978 


169 


50,615 


Vasialborongfai 


2434 


457 


214,T)> 


Viemia, 


665 


127 


34,827 


WaterviH^, 


1709 


361 


159,609 


Wayne, ' 


1051 


203 


52,3^ 
60,l4 


Wilton, 


1115 


228 


Winthrop, 


1619 


342 


126,544 


Winalew^ 


935 


202 


86,874 


Total," 


4!l,632 


8,213 


$2,880,30!^ 10 



149 



AncloTer, 

Albany, 

BrownfictJd, 

Backfield, 

Bethel, 

Benmark, 

Dixfield, 

Pryebur^, 

Fryeborr AdditMB. 

Gilead, 

Greenwoodi 

Hartford, 

flebroD, 

Jay, 

Iiove], 

JLiTermort^ 

ilezico 

Norway 

NewTj^ 

"Porter* 

Parik, 

Rankford, 

Sttomer, 

Sweden^ 

Turner, 

Waterford^ 

Wald, 

Woodftock. 

Plantation No. f , 

toward 6or«, 

Bradley^s and Eattnan^ 

Orant,. 
Fryeboff Acadaay, 
Towntb^ lettef D-^tau 

J. Gardner, 
Township letter H— to 

J. Cumminc^i,, 
No. 1, first Range, 
Ho. I, letter A. 
No. 2i letter A. 
No, ^ first Range,. 
No. 3, first Rai^, 
No. 6j) first Raage^ - 
No. 4, third Range, ' 
•No. 2f third Range,. 
No. .4, fourth Range,. 
No. 2) leooBd RangOf 

o5l 



COUNTY 

366 
S36 
72? 

ISOI 

1267 

772 

695 

1057 
let 
32g 
392 

1133 

1727 
700 

1614 
430 

ltl74 
148 

1830 
303 
487 

1884 
871 

1048 
249 

1726 

1035 
488 
508 



OF OXFORD. 

78 

72 

154 



258^ 

121 

176 

28 

57 

98 

248 

3S8 

160 

328 

82 

418 

24 

258 



I 



8? 

8 

40 
40 



120 

378 

183 

184 

55 

385 

251 

98 

78 

78 

lA 



158 



CrMet. 
32,605 
16,158 
40,084 
88,118 
70^450 



38,90V 

59,737 

3,964 

17,522 

17,075 

76,093 

118,354 

32,224 

90,368 

25,6^ 

142,488 

15,061 

92,478 

39,798 

27,939 

122,851 

87,882 

^1,324 

'21,967 

145,532 

78,658 

35,518 

97,124 

25,268 

3,615 

A850 

«,792 

3,07ff 

t 

a^ooft 

3,337 
5,233 
4,278 
3,312 
4,418 
3,407 
3,150 
3,150 
3,458 
3,4fi 



150 



< 



.y 






Now 3, Mcobd Ruf *! 
No. 3, third Raaf o, 
Loiter C. adJoiaiAf 

loiter B. 
Loiter B, 

No. 6, foofth ftMi(*i 
No. 8, 
No. 4, 
No. 6, 



Tottl 27,186 

COUNTY OF 

Atkioion, 245 

BoogoTf 1991 

Brewer, 734 

Caraol, 163 

Coriotfa^ 296 

Ducaonti 616 

Dexter, 461 

Exeter, 683 

KMiDgtott* 276 

Etna, 194 

Foxcroft, 21 1 

GaiUbrd, 326 

Garlandi 276 

Hampdexi .1478 

HerinoB, . 

Levant, 

Newburgli, 

New-CbarleatowD, 

Newport, 

Orriaftorti 

Orobo, 

fiobcc, 

Sani^cYville, 

Sonkbaze Plant. 

IViUiamiborgh, 

BrownsviUo Plant. 

Blakesbargh do. 

No. I— Sa Raoffo, 

No. 1— 4ib Rans:e, 

No. 1— 7tb Ran^, 

No. 3—34 Raoffe, 

No. 3 ethRanfO, 

No. 4, Ea»t P. RiFor, 

Township No. 6— 9th R. 16 

Do... No. 7 -8th II. 
LeeaJDont, or No. 3^7th R. 9 



p9tU. 



Sitaie*, 



3il60 

4,980 
3,840 
3,516 
3,460 
3,000 
3,500 



143 
328 
344 
612 
1049 
416 
431 
310 

107 



207 
72 
150 
131 
216 



£,281 

PENOBSCOT. 
PotU. 

46 

267 

147 

38 

63 

106 

. 95 

109 

60 

42 

62 

65 

64 
341 

56 

. 29 

. 63 

87 
114 
214 
100 

88 

79 

29 

23 

37 

19 

46 

18 

32 

30 

64 

26 
S 
4 

10 



$1,766,324 4$ 

JSttaUu, 
20,713 
132,998 
49,699 
20,646 
24,771 . 
29,796 
27,390 
27,688 
19,130 
15/)94 
14,639 

9,883 
24,121 
107,598 
22,056 
16,687 
24,718 
29,483 
27^50 
68,216 
24,690 
53,874 
20,976 
12,127 
10,253 
13,483 
11,904 
12,487 
11,097 

6,216 ' 
14,873 
11,792^; 

2,737 

6,702 ' 

3'488 

7,816 



16 1 



^ 



Jn6ffOtM» 


P^IU. 


£anUf. 


Jsrvia^ Gme, (w called) 139 


20 


5,790 


Aanm Forbea' ChraAt| 






300 


T. Earlinc'* Grant, 


3^931 


• 


300 


"l 


2,667 


$9(^83 90 


COUNTY OF SOMERSET. 


< 

r 


FertoM, 


FoUs. 


E^iatet. 


Amott, 


948 


190 


52,136 


Avon, 


460 


88 


' 24,888 


Albans, 


690 


137 


66,433 


Blooiiifi«l<|, 


889 


160 


8^112 


Biosham, 


316 


56 


14,060 


CornTi^a, 


862 


l^t 


49^475 


Caiiaata« 


1470 


262 


55,450 


Cori&oat 


4U 


49 


11,^8 


{Imbden, ' 


644 


132 


30^314 


Fairfiald, 


1^09 


290 


93,100 


Fraamati^ 


617 


99 


29,238 


Uartlai^, 


411 


88 


18,780 


HarmaDji 


684 


112 


28,003 


ladattry. 


778 


16 


S8,20l 


KmghMt 


464 


77 


. «t303 


Mo80oir» 


366 


48 


16.764 


Madison, 


881 


183 


68,910 


Merear, 


743 


139 


33,104 


Norridffawockt 


1454 


296 


88,696 


Naw Portland. 
New ¥inayard, 


817 


161 


44,094 


594 


104 


28,935 


North Hi|L 


481 


94 


16,865 


624 


110 


16,301 


Palmyra, . 


336 


88 


30,781 


Plantation Ko. 1, Itt R. 


250 


44 


14,954 


Do. V6. % 7th R. 


44 


11 


8,277 


Do. If On 2, 1st R. 


98 


18 


11,843 


Ripley, 


^25 


66 


17,873 


St. Albans, .. 


371 


71 


21.123 


Salon, 


468 


96 


28,080 


Stronf , 


862 


153 


37,950 


Starks, 


1043 


167 


47,352 


Warsaw, 


315 


70 


19,^80 


Parkman PI. 


225 . 


SO 


.12,258 


Sabasticopk PI. 




10 


6,873 


Esist PondSatlaaanI, 


144 


10 


1,608 


Bingham^s Porehata, 


336, 


139 


701 


Township No. 8, 8th R. 


« 




8,900 


Township No* 9, 8th R. 


.73* 


* 


6,900 


Total . . ^ 2UC98 


4,023 


f l,278;e41 70 



152 



COUNTY OF WASHINGTON. 






Pernnt. 


PoUi. 


Efiaies. 


AdditOB, 


619 


95 


34,707 


Cftlaif, 


418 


95 


40,062 


ColambU, 


wr 


1^ 


65,356 


ChoffylUld, 


241 


121 


32,942 


DtmiytTillc, 


BSf 


134 


54,758 


EMtport, 


t9rf 


388 


«1,327 


fiariinftoiif 


728 


144 


35,063 


Jonetborovf^ 


€75 


153 


45,815' 


liiiboc. 


1430 


.328 


123,851 


MacliiMy 


2033 


469 


161,602 


Forry, 


407 


90 


31,592 


Stentmi, 


780 


153 


43,547 


RobbinttowB, 


424 


is 


40,456 


Flantatimi No. 9, 


244 


36 


20,252 


Do. — 11 


362 


76 


15,983 


Do. —23 


70 


41 


^^,464 


Do. — 12 


ite 


44 


25^15 


No. 1, First RaofOj 




r 


4;8io. 


•— 1, Soeoiid lUx^, 


, 


^,000 


— 3, First do. 




» 


6,154 


— 2, Second do. 






4»008 


— 3, or'N. X. MacbiM 


30 


!l^86T 


— e» 


§^ 


30 


8,530 


- 7, 


+4 


20 


7,818 


- 10, 


164 


30 


13,2^ 


-13, 


4!7 




4,ete 


- 14, 


29 


• 


S,24r 


-15, 


201 


40 


-&: 


— 16 


114 


26. 


-17, 


48 




5,600' 


~ 1^ 


20 




4,603 


-1^ 


• -34 


■ 


. 4,608 


-20, , 


50 


s 


7,200 


fiii)|^liam*s ParchasO) 


1 




101,305 


Holten^s FlaaUtion, 


117 

1 ■ 


IS 


3,456 


1V>tal 


12;7^ 


$1,3£3,600 29 




AG6REOATE. 


* 


€f9uniie0. 


Ferioiit. 


PcUs. 


Effa^s. 


York, 


46^84 


9,476 


3,329,059 


Camborlaadt 


4d,330 


10,46i 


^711,918 


lADcoh^^ 


52,953 


» • 


d;i53,769 


Hancock,' 


31,071 


1,961^158 


WasbiDgtoD, 


12,746 


2,778 . 


1,223,600 


KemuboCi 


42,632 


8,213 


2,880,302 


Oxford, 


27,185 


6,281 


J,756v324 


Soonerset, 


21,698 


4.023 


1^8,241 


Ptfnobscofy 


13,931 


i.667 


903,683 


1*otal, ~ 


297,838 " 


59,606 * 


$21jl«7#9> 



TABLE OP CONTENTS 



Pre&ce ^ 

Falmoutlv 
Cape Elizabeth 
Town Clerks . • 
Town iSreasurers 
Selectmen 
RepresehtatiTes 
MinistMS ^ 
Second Parish 
Thiid Parish 
Foiiith Pariah 
Episcopal Chiurch 
Proceediogv of the Town 
The Year 1714 
Cbmberland ResolYes 
The Year 1715 



I. FALMOUTH. 

Page. Pi^. 

3 Thompson*! War . -SO 

5 Extracts from Letters 3d 

> . 8 Burning of Falmouth, 46 

11 Of JohnBonithan • - 54 
** Certain Presentments . 55 

12 Petition of Wm. Cutts ^ al. 56 
, 13 Order of Court thereon . " 

. 14 A Boddy PoUitick . . •</ 

. ** Of George Burroughs. . . 57 

15 Facetioos Trial .61 
*• Thomas Bird's Trial . 63 

16 Indian Wurs ... 67 

17 Letters from a Gent, of Casco 7$ 

18 CascoXost ... 76 
33 Indian's Cruelty . . 80' 
S7 J Mary Plaisted ... 81 



n, PORTLAND. 



Present State of . 
ReiigiottS Societies 
First Oongregjational 
Seccmd Congregational 
Third Congregational* 
Chapel Congregational 
Episcopaliaa Society 
Friends 

The Mediodists 
First Baptist Society 
Union Socie^ 
Independent Methodists 
Fust Universal Society 



83 
84 



•4 

85 
86 

u 

87 
88 
89 
90 

44 



Other Societies and Institutions. 



Portland Library 
Portland Academy 
Portland Marine Society 
Portland Benevolent Society 
B^e Society of Maine 
Female Missionary Society 
Foreign Mission society 
Female Charitable Society 
Baptist Female Mis. Society 
The Young Men's Society . 



91 

44 

92 



44 



93 

44 

94 



.4. 



96 



4« 



Society for snppresshi^ Vice, ^ 96 

Auxiliary Tract Society . . 

Maine Char. Mechanic Society 

Maternal Association 

Peace Society 

P. Union Sab. School Society 

Juvenile Benev. Society 

Female Jews Society 

Trustees of Chair. Fund, Ut P. 

Second Church of. P. Miss. So. 

Ancient L. Mark Char. Fpnd 

Beethoven Society 

Female Education Society . 

Institution for Saviitts 

Portland Relief Society 

Female Benevolent Society . 

P. Auz. Marine Bible Society 

Trustees of Methodist Society 

Address to the Affluent 

Missionary Hymn 

Town Officers 

Selectmen 

Town Clerks . . • 

Town Treasurers 

Representatives 



97 

4« 

M 

• 4 
44 

100 

44 

101 

44 
4. 

102 

44 

103 
104 
105 

44 

106 



44 



* This Society being legally dissolved, is not now to be numbered as 
one of th« Societies in the town. The whole aumber, thorefore, is but 

ten. •