EXTRACTS FROM THE MINUTES,
EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN SYNOD
SOUTH CAROLINA AND ADJACENT STATES,
AT ST. NICHOLAS CHURCH, BARNWELL DISTRICT, SO. CA.
On Saturday the fourteenth November, 1835,
And continued its sessions on the 17th, 18th and 19th inataftt.
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Printed by E. F. Branthwaite.
Saturday, November 14th, 1835.
In pursuance of a resolution, passed at the last meeting of this Synod,
the Ministers of the Evangelical Lutheran Synod and Ministerium of South
Carolina and adjacent States, with their lay-delegates, assembled at St.
Nicholas Church, Big Salt-Ketcher, Barnwell District, on Saturday the 14th
of November, 1835. At 12 o'clock, M. divine service was commenced,
with singing and prayer, by the Rev. John D. Scheck. Immediately after,
the President of Synod, in accordance with the directions of the new Con-
stitution, by which this body is governed, delivered the opening sermon, to
a large and attentive congregation, from John 4: 35, 38 verses, inclusive :
"Say not ye, there are yet four months, and then cometh harvest ? Behold,
I say unto you, lift up your eyes, and look on the fields, for they are white
already to harvest, fyc" After an intermission of twenty minutes, the
Clergy and Lay-delegates re-assembled in the Church, and the Synod was
duly organized with singing and prayer by the Rev. President; after which,
he pronounced his Synodical Address, embracing an account of the most
important ecclesiastical transactions of the past year occurring in our
churches; and such recommendations for the action of the Synod, as would
tend to elevate the dignity of our beloved Church, and extend her usefulness.
The Synod, according to arrangement, adjourned to the School-house,
near the Church, to enter upon the transaction of business; — in the mean*
time, Levi Bedenbaugh, one of the Students of our Seminary, delivered a
sermon to the congregation, which had re-assembled in the Church, from
Eccl. 7: 14th verse : "In the day of prosperity be joyful, but in the day of
The names of the regular members of Synod were now read, whereupon
the following ordained Ministers and Licentiates, being present, took their
ORDAINED MINISTERS. POST OFFICE ADDRESS.
1. Rev. John Bachman, D. D. Charleston, S. Carolina.
*ErnestL.IIazelius, D. D. Lexington Village, S. C.
tGodfrcy Drelier, " "
George Haltiwanger, " "
Jacob Moser, Countsville P. O. Lexington dist. S. C.
John C. Hope, " " "
Stephen A. Mealy, Savannah, Georgia.
John D. Scheck, Springfield P. O. Effingham Co. Ga.
t *Dr. Hazelius was prevented from appearing at the commencement of Synod by un-
avoidable circumstances — he was therefore excused.
tRev. G. Dreher did not appear at the commencement of Synod, in consequence of
voluntary ministerial engagements, which being unconstitutional, his excuse was not
LICENTIATES. POST OFFICE ADDRESS.
9. Rev. Harmon Aull, Newberry Court House, S. C.
10. " Robert Cloy, Beawford's Bridge P.O. Barnwell, S.C.
LICENSED STUDENT OF DIVINITY. TOST OFFICE ADDRESS.
11. Mr. David Hungerpealer, Orangeburg Court House, S. C.
ABSENTEES. POST OFFICE ADDRESS.
12. Rev. Michael Ranch, with an excuse, Lexington Village, S. C.
13. " Frederick F. Harris, with an excuse, Monroeville, Alabama.
14. Mr. Samuel Baughtnfght, Student of Divinity, Lexington, S. C.
The Lay-delegates were now called upon to present their certificates of
appointment to this Synod; Whereupon, the following gentlemen exhibited
their credentials, and were invited to seats accordingly:
J. D. Schick's
S. A. Mealy's
J. C. Hope's
E. L. Hazelius'
According to the order of business, laid down in the new Constitution,
the Synod proceeded to the election of Officers. The Chair appointed
Messrs. Bickly and Felt a Committee to superintend the election, and upon
canvassing the votes, it appeared that the following gentlemen were duly
elected, each to serve for two successive years:
Rev. STEPHEN A. MEALY, President.
" JOHN C. HOPE, Seeretary.
Col. WEST CAUGHMAN, Esq. Treasurer.
Synod ordered, that the reading of the Minutes of last year be dispensed
with, but that a Committee, of which the Secretary be Chairman, ex officio,
be appointed to examine the minutes, and to report to this body on all un-
finished business, and on all resolutions which have not been acted upon. —
The Chair appointed Messrs. Scheck, Felt and Brandenburg to constitute
All letters and communications addressed to this body were now called
for, handed in, numbered and referred to Committee. The President wa-
ving his right to appoint, Synod ordered, that Messrs. Haltiwanger, Aull,
Hawkins and Brandenburg be the Committee on Letters and Communica-
tions marked Nos. 1, 3, 4, 5, to report on Monday next.
It was ordered, that communication No* 2, relative to grievances commit-
ted in Selem church, in holding an election for a Pastor, lie on the table for
a few days before it come up for consideration. The President, at the re-
quest of the Secretary, appointed Messrs. Bickly and Harmon assistants in
taking a correct record of the proceedings of the Synod.
It being announced, that several of our Theological Students were pres-
ent : It was Resolved, That they be requested to take seats in Synod, and
*Messrs. H. Mullcr and J. Wingard did not appear at the oponingofthe Synod, but
having offered valid reasons for it, they were oxcused.
participate in i(3 deliberations, exclusive of the right of voting Messrs,
James P. Ring, Edwin A. Bolles, David Bernhard, Levi Be(fehhaugh and
George llartcr wore, consequently, invited to seals as deliberative mem-
bers during the mooting of this Svnod.
The Parochial Reports wore now called for, and handed into the Secre-
tary to be recorded in the minutes.
ties and Religious
Rev. J. Bachman,*.
g-s^ sfi s*S>
O —"3 J* - • *-* C rr\
" B. A. Mealy,t
11 J. D. Scheck,T
u J. C. Hope,
" J. Moser,§
| ©GO? ^gfi^'l
" G. Haltiwanger
" M. Ranch,
•- '' C ^~ ^~'Cj ~- —
» H. Aul],
— ' • ►*! ^ Q CB ^i »(s ■—
« G. Drehcr,
S K • • o ^ ^ ?- 5
" Dr. Hazelius,||
S E > >^ a - , <o 3
" R. Clav,
M F. F. Harris,
3, _• -y ~ zr. ■ ^ X 3
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c ~ n -i B 3 3 2. -i
I 6 ! 58
m c c w -a 3- 1- << n>
. -s -i o i 3 o 7* .
The minutes of sister Synods having been laid on the table for the in-
formation of Synod, in what is doing in other portions of our Church : It
was resolved, That Messrs. Scheck, Cloy, Hawkins and Wise, be a commit-
tee to examine and report on the Minutes of sister Synods, so far as they
have come to hand, as soon as practicable. Some addresses on the subject
of education, published by the Philosophical and Literary Society of
Charleston, were presented to the Synod through Rev. Dr. Bachman, for
the use and instruction of its members.
It was Resolned, That a Committee be appointed to examine and report
on the President's Address. Committee: Messrs. J. Bachman, J. D. Scheck,
J. Bickly and J. Felt.
Synod ordered, That the Auditing Committee on the accounts of the
Treasurers of the Synod and of the Seminary be appointed. The Chair
appointed Messrs. J. Felt, J. Harmon and A. Brandenburg as the Committee.
Ordered, That the election for the Treasurer of the .Seminary be enter-
ed into. Messrs. Bickly and Felt received the votes, and upon counting
them, it appeared that Mr. II. Muller was unanimously elected.
Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to examine the sermons and
journals of the licentiates under the care of this Synod, and report en Mon-
day. Committee: Messrs. Haltiwanger, Scheck and Moser.
*The number of communicants reported in the above Statistical Table is not a full
account of all the members connected with the chu • nder the care of this Synod.
On motion, it was Resolved, That Synod adjourn to meet again at tbis
place, on Monday morning next, at 9 o'clock, A. M.
Closed with singing and prayer, by Rev. IT. Anil.
At candle-light, Saturday evening, Rev. G. Haiti wanger preached in
the Church from Matt. 12:38, 39 verses, inclusive : "Then certain of tin
Scribes and Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see, a sign
from tkee. But he answered and said to them, an evil and adidterous
generation seeketh after a sign, and there shall no sign be given to it, but
the sign of the Prophet Jonas."
Services of Sunday, Novcmhcr 15th.
At an early period in the morning, the people commenced assembling,
and in consequence of so large a concourse, preaching was attended to
without the Church, from a suitable stand previously prepared. Divine ser-
vice was commenced with singing by Dr. Hazelius, who had now arrived to
take part in the business of Synod, and prayer by Dr. Bachman; after
which he preached a sermon from James 5: 21st verse: "Let him know, that
he which converteth the sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul
from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins" — the theme of which was,
to prove and urge the duty of all people, ministers and lay-men, to co-op-
erate in the conversion of sinners from the error of their ways. According
to notice previously given, the Elders of the Church lifted a collection in
favor of the funds of the Synod, during which a hymn was sung by the con-
gregation. A prayer was next offered by Dr. Hazelius, after which he
preached from 1 Cor. 10: 21st verse, preparatory to the celebration of the
Lord's Supper: "Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of the
Devil's: ye cannot be partakers of the LorcVs Tabic, and of the table of
devils" — the theme of which was, to prove the impossibility of Christians
truly serving the Lord acceptably, and at the same time, delight in, and ac-
tually pursue the ways of the ungodly world. The Rev. J. D. Scheck next
attended to the consecration of the elements to be used in the communion,
at the Table. According to invitation, all the Clergy first partook of the
Sacred Communion — then the Lav-delegates from the different Churches
under the care of this Synod — and finally, the regular members of said
Church, joined by members of neighboring churches of our own, as well as
of other denominations. After thanksgiving was offered to God, and a ben-
ediction pronounced upon the people, the congregation was dismissed, with
an invitation to re-assemble in the Church, in the space of twenty minutes,
to hear a sermon preached by Rev. J. C. Hope, from Math. 12: 40, 41, in-
clusive: "For as Jonas ivas three days and three nights in the whale's
belly, so shall the son of man be three days and three nights in the heart
of the earth. The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this gener-
ation and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jo-
nas: and behold a greater than Jonas is here."
Singing and prayer now closed the services of the day, which we trust,
were greatly blessed for the good of an attentive people — and eternity alone
make known the amount of b!essin<r that was derived from them.
Second Session, Monday Morning, November 16th.
Synod opened with singing and prayer by Rev. J. Moser. After calling
the roll, Dr. Hazelius arose and stated the r-vasons which prevented him from
appearing at the commencement of Synod. These reasons were deemed
sufficient — therefore, Synod Resolved, that I o of Or. Hazelius be
sustained. Mr. H. Muller, who now appeared as a delegate to represent
the churches under the care of Rev. G. Haltiwanger, stated his reasons for
not appearing sooner, which being deemed sufficient, his excuse was also
sustained. Mr. Joseph Wingard, who now appeared as a delegate to rep-
resent the churches under the care of Dr. Hazelius, handed in his creden-
tials, stated his reasons for not appearing at the commencement of Synod,
which appearing satisfactory, his excuse was likewise sustained, and was
therefore invited to a seat in this body. The Chairman of the Committee
on the Presidents Report, asked and obtained permission to withdraw a
few minutes, more fully to prepare their report. In the meantime, Dr.
Hazelius fairly brought before this body Messrs. James P. Ring, Edwin A.
Bolles, David Bernhardt and Levi Bedenbaugh, Students under his care in
our Seminary, and proposed them as suitable candidates for examination
and licensure by this Ministerium. The Committee on the President's
Sy nodical Report having returned, now begged leave to report:
REPORT NO. I.
The Committee in common with the members of this Synod, are gratifi-
ed to hear the cheering information contained in that address, of the increase
of Ministers in our connexion; of the success of our Theological school and
the extension of the borders of our Zion.
A considerable portion of that address has been given to the Synod as
information, which, however interesting and important to the church, does
not require any further action on the part of the Synod. Your committee
proceed to notice such recommendations as seem to require the special at-
tention of this body.
1. The fourth paragraph refers to a letter received from the Rev. F. F.
Harris of Alabama, in which he expresses a desire to engage as a missiona-
ry under the direction of this Synod. Your committee recommend that his
letter containing his application be referred to tho Ministerium.
2. The committee have next taken into consideration the resolution of
the General Synod referred to, in the President's Address, respecting the
establishment of a Foreign Mission, by the Evangelical Lutheran Church,
in the United States. They are aware of the importance of foreign mis-
sions — they feel sensibly alive to the duty of our church to make a prepar-
ation to enter on this field of labor; but owing to the comparative infancy
of our church in America, the difficulty of collecting sufficient funds, and
the circumstance of many of our churches having but recently formed them-
selves into Societies for the promotion of domestic missions, your commit-
tee are reluctantly compelled to recommend the postponement of this im-
portant subject for the present.
3. The recommendation of the President, that this Synod do express
their sentiments in opposition to the doctrines of the Universalists has re-
ceived the attention of this committee. Feeling confident that no minister
of our church in connexion with this Synod holds these sentiments, so far
as has come to our knowledge — knowing also that such doctrines are in di-
rect opposition to the doctrines of our church, to which all our ministers
have subscribed — your committee have reason to hope, that the candor of
our brethren of other denominations may render such a declaration, on our
part unnecessary at this time.
4. Your committee, in noticing that part of the address which referred
to the benefits which might be derived, both by the Synod of North Caroli-
ba aiul the Synod of South Carolina and adjoining States, in a united effort
to support the Theolog'rcal Seminary at Lexington, cannot but express their
belief that such efforts would unite the tvvo Synods more closely in. the
bonds oflove, and would enable the Seminary to be more efficient in pro-
moting the object for which it was established; they therefore recommend,
that this Synod appoint a clerical and lay-delegate to meet the Synod of N.
Carolina at their next session; and that they in the meantime be authorized
to open a correspondence with the officers and members of the Synod of N.
Carolina on the above subject.
5. In common with our fellow citizens of the South, your committee
could not fail to partake of the excitement which has prevailed in our coun-
try on the crusade commenced and carried on by individuals of the North,
against the liberty and peace of our Southern country, calling themselves
Abolitionists. The committee recommend the adoption of the following
preamble and resolutions, in accordance with the views contained in the
Address of the President of the Synod.
Whereas individuals and Societies of the North, calling themselves ab-
olitionists, under pretence of ameliorating the condition of our servants,
have created an excitement deeply affecting our interests, and calculated to
sever the bonds of attachment which exist between the master and slave ;
and whereas this unjustifiable interference with our domestic institutions is
opposed to the Constitution of our common country, is subversive of our
liberties as men — and contrary to the precepts of our blessed saviour, who
commanded servants to be obedient to their masters, and the example of
the holy Apostle Paul, who restored to his lawful owner a runaway slave ;
1. Resolved, unanimously, that this Synod express their strongest disap-
probation of the conduct of the Northern Abolitionists — and that we look
upon them as the enemies of our beloved country ; whose mistaken zeal is
calculated to injure the cause of morals and religion.
2. Resolved, That we will hold no correspondence with the Northern
Abolitionists, and that should they send to us any of their incendiary pub-
lications, we will immediately return them.
3. Resolved, That whilst we learn with heartfelt pleasure, that none of
the ministers in our connexion in the United States, have adopted the senti-
ments of the Abolitionists ; the members of this Synod pledge themselves,
in behalf of their churches in connexion with them, that they never will
countenance such doctrines.
In conclusion, your committee recommend that the Address of the Pres-
ident be printed and appended to our minutes. [See Appendix A.]
JOHN BACHMAN, ")
JOHN D. SCHECK, f r ....
JOHN BICKLY, > Committee.
JOSEPH FELT, j
The Report was adopted and the Committee discharged.
After some discussion of the subjects recommended in the report, the fol-
lowing resolutions were introduced and unanimously adopted.
Resolved, That that part of the report of the committee on the Presi-
dent's Address relating to the Abolitionists, be signed by the President and
Secretary ; and published in the several Gazettes in Charleston, Savannah,
Columbia, and in the Lutheran Observer.
Resolved, That commissioners be appointed to attend the next meeting
of the Synod of North Carolina, to confer with the members of that body,
as to the possibility and mutual advantage of a union of effort in the support
and patronage of the Seminary at Lexington. Commissioners: E. L. Haze-
Hus D. D M and Henry JMuller Esqr. Their alternates: Rev. J. C. Hope
and Col. West Caughman, Esqr.
Several communications were now read and referred to the Ministeriutti;
One from Mt. Calvary Church, North Edisto. Another from Dr. Haze-
lius relative to the siate and prospects of the church in Columbia. And a
third, from Dr. Haze bus relative to condition of St. Jacob's Church, Wa-
teree Creek. Synod was now in readiness to hear and consider the reports
of the several committees which had been appointed, and to pass such res-
olutions as would naturally and necessarily grow out of the subjects contain^
ed in them.
REPORT NO. II.
The committee appointed at last Synod to afford pecuniary assistance
out of the funds of the Synod, to pious young men of limited means, who
are desirous of preparing themselves for the gospel ministry, beg leave
respectfully to report : That the only applicant for aid, Which has
come before your committee is that of Mr. Hungerpealer. We believe
him to be a worthy man, who may do much good in the church, but he is
peculiarly situated ; your committee would recommend, tha4; aid be given
to Mr. Hungerpealer for the purchase of the necessary books, and that he
be directed, by the Professor of the Seminary, in his studies. A report has
reached the committee that Mr. Il.Stoudenmvre has made application for aid
to the Treasurer ot Synod, but we know nothing further on the subject-
Mr. G. Harter lias made application this day. His teacher testifies that
his deportment, diligence and progress in study are very encouraging.
Chairman of Committee*
Resolved, That Henry Stoudenmvre is regarded by the Synod as a Be-
neficiary member, and therefore entitled to the usual support, likewise Mr*
REPORT NO, III.
The missionary committee appointed at last Synod, beg leave to repor*:
That Mr. Dav^d ' Bernhardt, a student of oui .mary, has been sent by
your committee on a Missionary tour of one month, in the upper districts
of the State. His report, which accompanies this, will showtha result of
E. L. ilAZELHJS, Chairman of Committee.
The report of David Bernhardt of his missionary tour last Spring, was
read and referred to the ministcrium.
REPORT NO. IV.
The committee appointed to examine the sermons and Journals of the
Licentiates under the care of this Synod, respectfully report.
1. That the Journal of David Hungerpealer, one of the licensed stu-
dents of Divinity, which the committee examined, was kept with care and
neatness, and manifests much diligence in our young Brother in promoting
the interests of our beloved church, and in advancing the cause of vital pi-
ety among the people to whom his labor is confined.
2. That the sermon evinces fruitfulness of mind, and aptitude in compo-
sition in its author; and from the train of evangelical thought displayed in
it, your committee are induced to believe, that in the course of time, by con-
tinued application to study, this student of divinity, will become useful to
the church of Christ, and therefore deserves encouragement.
Chairman of Committee.
REPORT NO. V.
The committee to whom was referred the consideration of several papers
relating to different subjects, marked Nos. 1, 3, 4 and 5, respectfully report :
That paper No. 1, is a letter from Rev. M. Rauch, containing an apolo-
gy for not attending the present Synod. Your committee arc satisfied w r ith
the reasons assigned, and recommended that he be excused.
No. 3. Is an invitation from St. John's Church on Calk's Road, Lex-
ington Dist. to the Synod to hold its next annual meeting at that church.
No. 4. Is an invitation from the Vestry of the Lutheran Church in
Charleston to this Ecclesiastical body, to hold its next annnal meeting in
No. 5. Is a letter from the members of St. Andrew's Church recently
erected in the fork of Broad and Saluda Rivers, Lexington Dist. giving an
account of the dedication of their Church, the organization of their congre-
gation, together with the information of having elected Mr. L. Bedenbaugh
as their Pastor : provided he be received in full connexion with this body,
and be authorized to administer the ordinances of the church. It also con-
tains an invitation to this Synod, to hold its next annuaf meeting at said
church. The committee recommend that Mr. L. Bedenbaugh be author-
ized to edminister to the wants of this congregation.
As regards the different invitations for holding the next annual meeting
of this Synod; your committee beg leave to state, that whilst they feel
grateful for the kind invitations of the different churches, they regret that
all their wishes cannot be complied with, and would therefore recommend
that the next annual meeting of this Synod, be held at St. John's Church
on Calk's Road, Lexington District.
All which is Respectfully submitted,
Chairman of Committee.
Resolved, That the excuse of Rev. M. Rauch be sustained. As several
claims were now urged, by various members of Synod, for different pla-
ces for holding the next annual meeting of Synod : It was ordered, that
Synod determine the next place of its meeting by ballot. Messrs. Bickly
and Felt superintended the election, and upon counting the votes, it appea-
red that St. John's Church, on Calk's Road, Lexington Dist. was selected
by a majority of votes.
Resolved, That this; Synod hold the next annual meeting at St. John's
Church, on Calk's Road, Lexington Dist. on the 2nd Saturday, the 13th
of Nov. 1836.
Synod adjourned to attend divine service, to meet again in the after-
noon. Rev. J. D. Scheck preached from Ps. 46, 5 v. " God is in the
midst of her ; she shall not be moved: God shall help her, and that right
Third Session, Monday Afternoon.
Synod resumed its business by appointing Mr. Henry Muller, Treasurer
of the Synod, pro. tern, and ordering that he receive the contributioMS of
churches, Societies and individuals, which were given for the salary of the
Professor of the Seminary for the year to come, and for missionary and ed-
Synod adjourned for the space of an hour, 'to give the Ministerium an
opportunity of holding a session, to act on business specially referred to it.
In the mean time the Treasurer, pro. tern, received the contributions alrea-
The following is a Statement of the contributions of Churches, Societies and indi-
viduals for the Professor's salary, and benefit of the funds of Synod.
REV. J. BACHMAN'S CHURCH.
From the Female Lutheran Society in Charleston, S200 00
Collection of the Church, - * - - 176 00-376 00
REV. S. A. MEALY'S CHURCH.
From the Education Society, -
Collection of ihe Church, -
REV. J. D. SCHECK'S CHURCH.
Pledge for the salary of the Professor,
Collection of the Church, - /
REV. G. HALTIWAXGER'S CHURCHES.
St. Matthew's Church, Amelia Township,
Sandy Run, Lexington District,
St. John's Church, " -
Nazareth " "
REV. J. C. HOPE'S CHURCHES.
St. Paul's Church, Newberry District,
Bethlehem " " "
St. Michael's " Lexington
Rev. J. C. Hope,
Mr. Fred'k Harmon,
Mr. Frederick Wysc,
St. Mark's Church,
Mt. Calvary " -
REV. M. RAUCIl'S CHURCH,
Bethel Church, -
Rev. M. Rauch, -
DR. HAZEI.IUS' CHURCHES.
St. Stephen's Church, Lexington Village,
From the "Lexington Cent Society,'
St. James's Church,
Mr. Andrew Derich,
REV. H. AULL'S CHURCHES.
4 77J-80 27£
REV. It. CLOY'B CHCR0HES.
St. Nicholas' Church, Barnwell District, - 15 95
St. Bartholomew « « " - - G 71*
ghilo, Fork of the Edistocs, - 4 81J-27 47J
rev. j. moser's churches.
St. Matthew's Church, Newberry District, - 6 25
St. Luke's, Stoncy Battery, - 8 37£
Salem, Lexington District, - 3 28^-17 91}
Mr. Henry Muller, - - - - CO 00
Mr. Jacob F. Schirmer, - - - 10 00
Rev. F. F. Harris, - - - - 5 00
Rev. J. C. Hope, the amount received for sales of the
Constitution, - • - - 11 50—86 50
Rev. G. Drehcr's Churches, 20 00—20 00
The Church in Columbia, 33 00—33 00
Total, $954 97£
The first session of the Ministerium being closed, Synod resumed its de-
liberations by hearing the report of the proceedings of the Ministerium as
information: (See min. of the first session of Ministerium.)
REPORT NO. VI.
The Committee appointed to examine the minutes of last year, and re-*
port on all unfinished business, and resolutions not acted on, have attended
to the duty assigned them, and beg leave to report;
^hat they find no unfinished business, and no resolutions that have not
been acted on, with the exception of one on page 19, in the business of the
eighth session, which is this: "Resolved, That the ministers in connexion
with this Synod call upon the members of their churches, to aid us by their
contributions from their private libraries to increase the Library of the
Seminary; and that they report the number and titles of the books receiv?
ed, and the names of the donors, at the next meeting of the Synod."
J. C. HOPE, Chairman, ex officio.
Several brethren arose and stated that they had not attended to the res*
olution for causes which were deemed sufficient to justify the omission of
the duty prescribed.
REPORT NO. VII.
The Secretary begged leave to report: That he had complied with the
resolution passed at the last Synod; which made it his duty to insert in such
public prints as he might deem advisable, the desire of this Synod, to receive
donations of books, minerals, and specimens of Natural History, as may be
considered valuable for the use of our Theological Seminary, and that he
report to the next meeting of the Synod — and that he has not received any
books or specimens for the use of the Seminary, excepting the "American
Quarterly Register," conducted by B. B. Edwards, Boston, Mass.
J. C. HOPE, Secretary,
In relation to the faithfulness with which the Secretary of Synod perform-
ed his several duties, and villi a view to disabuse the public mind as to the
foul charge of mis-printing the minutes of last year, the following resolution
was introduced and adopted:
Resolved, That as a report seems to have been circulated, that import-
ant portions of our late proceedings were suppressed by our Secretary, and
other parts distorted: this Synod feel it their duty to declare that the report
is unfounded, and that in the opinion of this body, the Secretary has °ivon
a faithful record of our proceedings.
Synod ordered, That an election for four Directors of the Seminary be
entered into. Messrs. Bickly and Felt received and counted the votes,
whereupon it appeared, that Messrs. J . Moser, J. D. Scheck, J. Dreherand
J. Meetze were unanimously elected, to serve each three years.
Examination of the candidates for the Ministry.
In accordance with the order of the Ministerium, the Professor, the Rev.
Dr. Hazelius, now proceeded to examine the four already named young
brethren, who had been presented as candidates for the ministry, on those
branches of study to which they had attended in the Seminary, and which
are prescribed in the Constitution of the Synod. After the examination
had been conducted before the whole Synod for the space of an hour, it was
suspended, to be resumed again at night, before the committee appointed
by the Ministerium.
Synod again resumed its regular business by ordering the appointment of
a committee to take into consideration the state of* the Lexington Literary
Institute, and to recommend what ccmrse ought to be pursued with it in fu-
ture, to report on to-morrow at 4 o'clock, "P. M. The Chair appointed
Messrs. Hazelius, Hope, and H. Muller to constitute the Committee. Syn-
od adjourned to meet again to-morrow morning at 9 o'clock.
- Closed with singing and prayer by the Rev. G. Haltiwanger.
Fourth Session, Tuesday Morning, 17th November.
Synod opened with singing and prayer by Dr. Hazelius, and resumed its
regular business by the passage of the following resolutions :
Resolved, That the thanks of the Synod be returned to Mr. David Ewart
in Columbia, for his liberal donations to our Seminary, and that the Presi-
dent of the Synod communicate the same to him.
Resolved, That the Treasurer of the Synod be authorized to pay over to
Dr. Hazelius the sum of fifty dollars for his services to the Columbia church
during the last vear.
Resolved, That a minister from this body be appointed to deliver a dis*
course on the morning of the Lord's day, at the next meeting of our Synod,
on the doctrines, government and discipline of the Lutheran Church. The
appointment was conferred upon Dr. J. Bachman of Charleston.
REPORT NO. VIII.
Of the Delegate to the General Synod.
Having been appointed at the last session of this Synod to attend the
eighth Convention of the General Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran
Church in the United States, which convened at York, Pennsylvania, on
the 20th day of June of the present year, I beg leave to report :
Your Delegate, as well as Rev. J. D. Scheck from this Synod, who had
been appointed as an alternate, were received with much kindness by the
members of the General Synod, and received that welcome, and had extend-
ed to them those hospitalities which caused them at once to feel themselves
in the presence of brethren, who were encaged in one common cause, that
of advancing the best interests of our beloved church and the cause of reli-
gion in general.
As the proceedings of that convention have been published, and are in
the hands of most of the ministers of our Synods, I deem it unnecessary to
give an abstract of their proceedings. I shall therefore confine myielf to
those subjects which arc of special importance to, or may require the action
of this Synod. It will be recollected, that when, in 1833, our Synod first
proposed a union with the General Synod, we made certain conditions
which would require the alteration of a part of the Constitution of the Gen-
eral Synod, in order to enable us fully and confidently to unite with that
It will be perceived by the Report No. 13, on the revision of the Consti-
tution, (which was adopted) that every feature which our Synod deemed
objectionable has been removed. The General Synod according to this
Constitution has no power to impose on individual Synods any new books
or writings, such as catechisms, forms of liturgy, collection of hymns for the
use of our churches and families, which those Synods may not see proper,
on mature deliberation to adopt.
It leaves our Theological Seminaries under the control and government
of their own officers and allows the different Sjnods the right of forming
their own constitutions.
It was not necessary to urge the necessity of these amendments of the
Constitution of the General Synod, by. your delegate; the members of that
body were fully prepared for those alterations — they cheerfully proposed
and unanimously acceded to them. And now it becomes my duty to state,
that from the whole of. the public proceedings and from the temper and
feeling exhibited by the individual members of that body, and from the
free and fearless interchange of sentiments, it was fully evident that it has
no desire to constitute itself as a judicial tribunal; that it is what it represents
itself to be; only an advisary body; and that its only object is to promote
the union and harmony and extend the usefulness of our beloved church.
That the general Synod has already been instrumental in doing much
good is evident from the excellent publications which emanated from mem-
bers of that body, which have done more to enlighten the public mind in
this country with regard to the doctrines of our church, than was previously
effected during the last half century. It has brought the ministers and
members of our churches to a closer union, and a more intimate acquaint-
ance with each other. It has excited a spirit of enlightened zeal and activ-
ity in many of our churches, they before believed themselves incapable.
And if, in the infancy of this Institution, it has by the blessing of God, been
instrumental in doing so much good ; what beneficial effects may we not
hope from its future operations, when it will receive the countenance and
support of all our sister Synods, and when all our churches shall ultimately
engage in the benevolent and christian efforts which distinguish the age we
live in, and which are calculated to bring the pure doctrines of the gospel
to every family and every heart, and thus ameliorate the condition of our
During the time of the meeting of the General Synod a conversation
was held for the purpose of forming a " Parent Education Society of the
Lutheran Church in the United States;" and subsequently another con-
versalion was hold in x*loehanicsburg Penn. for the purpose of formifi<r a
M Central Missionary Society." The constitutions of these Societies will
require our careful examination. The importance of these subjects to the
best interests of our church will no doubt induce this Synod to prepare such
forms of constitutions for the government of our local societies as will ena-
ble our congregations to enter on this great work with the confidence, the
spirit and zeal which its importance demands.
Such Societies are supported by all other christian denominations, and
are peculiarly demanded by the exigencies of our own church. Educa-
tion Societies provide the means .of education to many pious young men,
who would otherwise have been but of limited usefulness to the church,
and missionary Societies afford the most efficient means of supplying the
thinly scattered inhabitants of many portions of our country, with an op-
portunity of having the preaching of the gospel.
After there had been considerable discussion in matters growing out of
subjects embraced in the report, Dr. Hazelius directed the attention of Sy-
nod, to the consideration of the amended articles of the Old Constitution of
the General Synod, adopted at its last session. Dr. Bachman read the ar-
ticles of the Old Constitution, one by one ; and then the amendments as
they have been made, and will continue to be in the New Constitution, if
confirmed by two thirds of the Dist. S} 7 nods, for the action of this body.
Articles of the Old Constitution, with the amendments immediately fol-
1. Art. II. Paragraph 2nd of the Old Constitution of the General Syn-
od — "Every Synodical body or Synod (whether of ministers only, or of
ministers and Lay-Deputies together,) containing six ministers, may send
one ; if it contains fourteen, two ; if twenty five, three ; if forty, four ; if
sixty, five ; and if it contain eighty-six ministers or upwards, six Deputies
of the rank of ordained ministers, and an equal number of Lay-Deputies."
The amendment : " Every Synodical body, or Synod (lohcthcr of
ministers only, or ministers and lay-deputies together) containing sir min-
isters,'''' may send two ; if it contains fourteen, three; if twenty -five, four:
if forty, five ; if sixty, six ; and if it contains eighty-six ministers or up-
wards, seven deputies, " of the rank of ordained ministers, and an equal
number of lay -deputies.''''
2. Art.. III. Sec. 2. Specifi. 1st and 2nd.
11 With regard to all books and writings proposed for public use in the
church, the General Synod shall act as a joint committee of the special
Synods and Ministeriums, after the following manner, viz : 1. The Gene-
ral Synod shall examine all books and writings, such as chatechisms, forms
of liturgy, collection of hymns or confessions of faith, proposed by the spe-
cial Synods for public use, and give their well considered advice, counsel
or opinions concerning the same. No Synod, therefore, and no ministe-
rium standing in connexion with this General Synod, shall set forth any
new book or writing of the kind above mentioned, for public use in the
church, without having previously transmitted a full and complete copy
thereof to the General Synod, for the purpose of receiving their said advice,
counsel or opinion.
2. Whenever the General Synod shafi deem it proper or necessary, they
may propose to the special Synods or nrinisteriuinsj, now books or writings
of the kind mentioned above, lor general or special public use. Every
proposal of the kind, the several or respective Synods and Ministeriums
shall duly consider, and if they or any ofthem shall be of the opinion that
the said book or books, writing or writings, will not conduce to the end pro-
posed, then and in such a case it is hoped, that the reasons of such opinion
will be transmitted to the next Convention of the General Synod, in order
that the same maybe entered on their Journal?"
The amendment : "Whenever the General Synod shall deem it prop-
er or necessary, they may propose to the special Synods or Ministeriums,
new books or writings, such as catechisms, forms of liturgy, collections of
hymns for general or special use in the church. Every proposal of the
hind, the several or respective Synods may duly consider; and if they or
any ofthem shall be of opinion, that the said book or books, writing or
writings, ivill not conduce to ihc end proposed, they may reject them, and
adopt such liturgical books as they may think proper"
3. Art. III. Sec. 3. "If hereafter twenty-five ministers, dwelling togeth-
er within a certain marked boundary, fifteen of whom being ordained min-
isters, shall apply to the General Synod for permission to create within
themselves a special Ministerium, and the S-y-nod or special JVIinisterium to
which they have previously belonged, do not, upon due notice given of their
intention so to apply, make any serious or important objection, then the
General Synod shall have power to grant the permission; and if within the
bounds of a whole State no special Synod or Ministerium shall yet have
existed, and six ordained ministers residing therein shall apply for permis-
sion to create within themselves a special Ministerium, "-the General Synod
shall authorise the establishment of a new Synod and Ministerium within the
said State. But until the permission or authority be thus formally conce-
ded, no deputies of a new Synod or Ministerium shall be acknowledged to
have a seat and vote in the General Synod."
The amendment : "All regularly constituted Lutheran Synods, holding
the fundamental doctrines of the Bible as tauglrt, by our Church, not now
in connexion with the General Synod, may at any time become associated
with it by adopting this Constitution and sending delegates to its Conven-
tion, according to the ratio specified in par. 2. Art. 2."
4. Art. VII. "No alteration o** this Constitution may be made except by
the consent of two-thirds of the Synods attached to this Convention; notice
of the intended alteration having been given to said Synods at least two
years previous to the final adoption thereof."
The amendment : "No alteration of this Constitution may be made ex-
ccpt by the consent of two-thirds of the Synods attached to this Conven-
tion; an exact copy of the intended alterations to be sent by the Secretary
to all the Presidents of the District Synods in connexion ivith this body,
with the rccpiest that they would lay them before their respective Synods
for decision." If at the subsequent meeting of the General Synod it shall
appear from their minutes that two-thirds of the District Synods are in
favor of the alterations, they shall accordingly be made.
Declaration : 5. "With regard to any objectionable features in the
Constitution recommended to the District Synods, your Committee would
obsc?'ve i that they did not come within their revision, but they arc left en-
tirely to the individual Synods which adopted that form of Constitution."
Synod confirmed the amendments, only by one, as they were read; and
upon the question being put as to the whole of the amendments and decla-
ration: It was resolved, unanimously, that they be adopted.
Several resolutions were now introduced and unanimously passed.
Resolved, That our Delegate to the next General Synod be instructed to
move that the existing bye-laws of the General Synod be appended to the
Resolved, That the Synod recommend all the churches under its care to
celebrate the 3.1st of October next, being the anniversary of the Reforma-
tion, as a day of Thanksgiving and prayer for the prosperity of Zion.
Synod now ordered, That the Constitutions of the "Parent Education
Society" and of the "Central Missionary Society" be taken up for discus-
sion: After some friendly interchange of opinions on them, the subject was
disposed of for the present, by the passage of the following resolution :
Resolved, That a Committee be appointed by this Synod to examine
the Constitutions of the "Parent Education Society" and the "Central Mis*
sionary Society;" and that they report to the next Synod. Committee:
Messrs. Hazelius, Bachman, Hope and Midler.
A series of resolutions were now introduced and passed.
Resolved, That this Synod recommend to the ministers and vestries in
our different churches, especially in the country, the establishment of Cent
Societies in their respective congregations, as the most suitable and the ea-
siest means of raising the Education, Missionary and Synodical funds of our
Resolved, That 1,000 copies of our proceedings be printed, and that six
copies be sent to each Lutheran Synod in the United States.
Resolved, That the ministers and lay-delegates of the Synod be request-
ed to ascertain as soon as the minutes of our Synodical proceedings shall
have been published, the sense of our congregations in regard to a church
convention for the purpose of dividing our territory in suitable ministerial
districts, and to examine the discipline now partially received, and adopt
such a discipline as may in every respect suit our circumstances and sit-
Resolved, That the President tender to the friends and members of St.
Nicholas church, after public worship, the thanks of this Synod for the kind
manner in which we have been received.
Resolved, That the thanks of the Synod be returned to all our Societies,
Churches and individuals for their liberal donations to the funds of this body.
It being announced that the Rev. Mr. Goge, a minister of the Methodist
church, was present; the Chair introduced him to the Synod, and invited
him to a seat among us as an advisory member.
Synod adjourned to attend to the ordaining and licensing services.
Ordination and Licensure. — Tuesday, 12 o'clock.
A considerable congregation having assembled, the services commenced
with singing and prayer by the Secretary, the Rev. J. C. Hope, who preach-
ed the ordination sermon from Math, x: 16th verse : "Behold I send you
forth as sheep in the midst of wolves, be ye therefore wise as serpents and
harmless as doves.''''
The candidates for ordination were invited to the altar, when the Presi-
dent, Stephen A. Mealy, gave them the charge, and with their hands upon
the Saered Word, proposed from the Constitution, the usual questions, and
then ordained the Rev. Herman Aull and Robert Cloy to the Gospel minis-
try, being assisted by the Secretary and Drs. Hazelius and Bachman.
The candidates for licensure, who had been examined and accepted, were
next invited forward, and after answering to the usual questions prescribed
in the Constitution, the President proceeded to the licensure of Jas. P. Ring,
Edwin A. Bolles, David Bernhardt and Levi Bedenbaugh, to the Gospel
ministry, assisted by the same Brethren. All the clergy gave them the
right hand of fellowship, expressing their christian feelings and ardent de-
sires for their success in the holy cause in which they had engaged.
The services being closed, the President, in accordance with a resolution
of the Synod, tendered the thanks of this body to the people of this neigh-
borhood for their liberality and kindness manifested towards us during the
meeting of this Synod.
The service closed with an appropriate prayer by the President.
Fifth Session, Tuesday, P. M.
Synod resumed its deliberations by attending to the report of the Com*
mittee on the Lexington Literary Institute.
REPORT NO. IX.
After a re-consideration of the report of the Committee on the Lexing-
ton Institute, the Chairman of said Committee moves the following substi-
tute: That Synod keep the house as its own property, and permit the citi*-
fens to have an Academical school in the first story of said house, under
their own control.
ERNEST L. HAZELIUS, Chairman.
Mr. David Hungerpealer now asked and obtained leave of absence for
the remainder of the meeting.
The Rev. G. Dreher having now arrived to take part in the deliberations
of Synod; the President, in the discharge of his official duty, now directed
the attention of Synod to the viii. Chap, and 4th Art. of the Constitution:
"No ordained minister or licentiate shall neglect to attend to the Synod
except through unavoidable necessity, with which voluntary ministerial
engagements are not to be reckoned synonymous. If such necessity should
occur to any, he shall send in a written apology for his absence, and shall
be brought to account for the same by the President at the next meeting,
if either his apology has not been accepted, or if he has not sent in one at
all. Whosoever is three times successively absent, without regularly apol-
ogising for it, shall be considered as declaring thereby, that he wishes no
longer to be considered as a member of this body, and shall forfeit all right
Rev. G. Dreher was now called on to offer his excuse for his appearance
at so late a period of the meeting, whereupon he arose and stated that he
was prevented by having to preach in one of his churches on the Lord's day
preceding. After a few remarks by several of the members, in view of the
requirements of the article of the Constitution alluded to, and of the nature
of the excuse which was rendered: It was resolved, that the excuse of the
Rev. G. Dreher be not sustained.
Rev. Dr. Bachman in the Chair.
Rev. S. A. Mealy arose and explained himself relative to a visit which he
paid to Rev. G. Dreher last Spring. As that visit was misconstrued and a
report circulated concerning it, calculated to injure the official standing of
Rev. S. A. Mealy, as the organ of the Synod, he felt it his duty utterly to
deny, that his conduct was improper or unchristian on that occasion, and
that he stood prepared to exonerate himself from the charge by a credible
witness. Synod called on Mr. J. P. Ring, who had accompanied Rev. S.
A. Mealy on that occasion, to make his statement. He arose and corrob-
orated the statements of Rev. Mealy, and declared that he saw nothing cen-
sureable in the conduct of Rev. Mealy on that occasion. There being no
counter accounts given, Synod considered Rev. S. A. Mealy as standing
fully exhonoraled from such charges.
Dr. Hazelius now introduced a resolution which was unanimously agreed to:
Resolved, That the bounds of our Synod be divided into three contigu-
ous conferential Districts, for the purpose of holding conferences, and of
giving our people more frequent opportunities, such as they enjoy at meet-
ings of Synod, to have the Gospel richly dwelling among them, and that a
committee be appointed to report to Synod on this subject. Committee:
Messrs. Scheck, Haltiwanger and Wingard.
Messrs. Ring and Bedenbaugh now asked and obtained leave of absence
the remainder of the meeting.
Synod adjourned to 9 o'clock to-morrow morning,
Prayer by Rev. R. Cloy.
Sixth Session, Wednesday Morning, Nov. 18th.
Prayer by Rev. J. C. Hope. Synod resumed its deliberations by en-
tering into a short debate, whether an individual member of the Synod has
a right to enter a protest against the proceedings of any deliberative body,
without the permission of said body?
The Chair, Dr. Bachman offering his opinion in the negative ; it was
resolved, that the chair be sustained in his views, that no member has a
right to insert a protest without the permission of this body*
REPORT NO. X.
The committee appointed to examine the minutes of the Sister Synods,
as far as they have come to hand, have attended to the duty assigned them,
and beg leave respectfully to report :
1. The Synod of Hartwick, convened in the Lutheran Church, Guil-
derland, Albany county, ou Saturday the 6th of Sept. 1834. This Synod
numbers 12 ordained ministers and 2 Licentiates, who reported 37 cong.
388 confirm, and 4000 communicants. The proceedings of this body
show that they are actively engaged in the master's work. Their congre-
gations are flourishing-, their missionary operations successful, and their
members manifest a willingness to aid the cause of the adorable Redeemer.
2. The Synod of Maryland xiet at Clear-spring, Washington county, on
the 19th of* Oct. 1834. Twenty ordained ministers answered to their
names, and reported 534 confirm, and G500 communicants. These breth-
ren are making laudable exertions to sustain the Theological Seminary at
Gettysburg, Pa. and are supporting the cause of domestic missions, not
only in the bounds of their own Synod, but also in the far West.
3. The Synod and ministerium of the Eastern District of the State of
Ohio, held its first meeting at Greensburg, Pa. on the 3rd Lord's day,
(aud days following) in Oct. 1834. This Synod is composed of 12 ordain-
ed ministers, 2 candidates, and 1 catechet. Only 5 of the ordained minis-
ters were present, and from the parochial reports, we learn that there were
1318 Bapt, 756 confirm, and 7168 communicants. The proceedings of
that body show, that our Brethren in Ohio are diligently engaged in willing
souls to Christ.
4. A Convention of the Brethren of Kentucky was held in Jefferson
county, on Saturday, 11th Oct. 1834, as a preparatory step to the forma-
tion of a Synod. It was attended by 5 ordained ministers, and 3 Lay-Del-
egates. After transacting much business, principally of a local character,
the Convention adjourned, to meet again in the City of Louisville, Ky. ou
the first Lord's day in Oct. 1835. Through the medium of the Lutheran
Observer, your committee were able to learn, that at the appointed time,
a number of ministers with their Lay-Delegates assembled at the place spe-
cified, and found a New Synod, bearing the imposing name, " Synod of
5. The Synod and ministerium of North Carolina and adjacent parts,
convened in St. John's Church, at Salisbury, Rowan county, on the 2nd
May, 1835. This Synod numbers 5 ordained ministers, and 2 Licentiates,
who reported 23 cong. 340 Bap. and 1572 communicants. Among other
matters of importance, the following resolution arrested the attention of the
"Resolved, That five persons be appointed as a committee to take un-
der consideration the propriety of establishing an institution on the manual
labor plan, within the district of this Synod, and that, the said committee
report by to-morrow morning. Committee : Rev. W. Artz, Rev. J. Miller,
Rev. D. Jenkins, Dr. J. Stanger. The committee reported, that they had
given the subject all the consideration which the shortness of the time would
admit of, and would simply submit the result oftheir deliberations.
^ We are unanimously of the opinion, that it is not only expedient, but
highly necessary to establish as soon as possible, within the bounds of this
Synod, an Institution for the education of young men for the ministry, and
for the general prosperity of the church; and we are further of the opinion,
that the manual labor plan, all things considered, is the one which will suc-
ceed best in this part of the country, and which can be most easily accom-
plished by the means at our command.
We therefore recommend, that the Synod appoint a committee of 5 per-
sons, to collect all the information that can be had on this subject, as to the
probable cost of keeping up such an Institution — also to prepare rules and
regulations for the Institution ; to look out for a fit place of location ; to
solicit aid and contributions for the work; and generally to take all such
steps and measures that they may think necessary, and proper to carry on
the plan into speedy and successful operation. And said committee, when
they shall have made proper progress in this work, so as to satisfy them of
its practicability, they shall call together the Synod, and submit to them,
for their consideration, what they shall have done in the business."
Chairman of Committee.
Though many considerations suggested themselves to your committee In
reading the above report, yet they are indisposed to offer them before this
body, as the subject has already received its attention.
6. The Synod of East Pennsylvania convened at Germantown, on the
14th of June, 1835. This is the Oldest and Largest Lutheran Synod in
in the United States; for whilst a considerable number of the Lutheran
ministers, living in the Western part of the State, believing that it Would
be conducive to the interest of the church, formed themselves into a New
Synod; 51 ordained ministers, and 5 Licentiates, in all 56 clergymen still
remain in connexion with this Synod; who reported 176 cong. and 23503
JOHN D. SCHECK,
Chairman of Committee,
The following preamble and resolution were now introduced and adop-
ted. At a meeting in St. Stephen's Church, Lexington Court Hous'e, in
the year of our Lord 1833, a resolution was passed recommending to the
ministers and churches, the establishment of reading societies, both for ed-
ification and instruction, and in this manner to form congregational Lyce-
ums; but partly from forgetfulness and partly from not being acquainted
with suitable books, this beneficial system has not been attended to ; there-
fore, be it resolved, that the Lutheran Observer, the Penny Magazine, and
Ellis' researches of Polynesia be recommended to our ministers and chur-
ches as works of edification and instruction, well calculated for this purpose.
A number of petitions were read and severally referred to the ministerium.
A communication was received from Wm. Counts, Esq. the Delegate
appointed to represent the churches under the care of Rev. G. Dreher, in
which he stated his excuse for non-attendance, which was sustained.
REPORT NO. XL
The committee appointed to examine the accounts of the Treasurer of
the Seminary, respectfully report, that they have examined the same with
the vouchers, and find them correct.
JOS. FELT, ) Coramitteee on
FRED. HARMON, [ Seminary
A. BRANDENBURG. ) Accts.
The following Statement exhibits the condition of the funds of the Seminary.
The Lutheran Seminary of South Carolina and Adjacent States, Cr.
1834. Nov. 18. By balance in bonds and cash,
Cash by Rev. J- C. Hope for interest,
Maj. Jno. Felder, Orangeburg dist.
Col. Jacob Sass, Charleston,
George Spidle "
McNeill and Blair, "
Casimer Patrick, "
C. Burkemeyer, "
J. C. Blum, "
A Friend, «'
D. Bornest, "
J. C. Burkemeyer, "
J. H. Beusse, "
Wilk. Clarksan, "
A Friend, "
J. H. Schriner, "
Joseph Johnson, "
J. S. Buries, «
A. C. Dioole, "
A Friend, "
Two Friends, "
Dec. 15, Cash by M. C. Gneih,
1835. Feb. 2nd
John P. Beile,
Robbing & Conner,
W. B. Hanvood,
P. M. Echney,
Mrs. J. Schaffner,
J K. Schutte,
Ripley, Miller &, Co.
J. F. Schirmer, 1st Inst.
J. M. Schnierley,
Jno. & Henry Horlbeck,
C. B. Eckhard,
J. L. Lindsey,
Col. T. Lehre,
E. J. Scott, for interest,
John Hendrix, do
Henry Meetze, do
Meetze & Hendrix do
Rev. G. Dreher, 2d Inst.
Col. W. Hampton,
John C. Geiger,
W. Caughman, for intcr'st "
Rev. J. Bachman, Charleston,
B. F. Dunkin, 2 & 3 instal.
John Strohecker,, 1st instal.
G. B. Eckhard,
Maria C . Faber,
Louisa C. Blum,
Eliza C. Cochran,
H. D. Cohrs,
A. A. Lovegreen,
May 12 Cash by H. M. Chisolm,
1835. March 10,
W. F. Schroder,
G. D. Happold,
C. R. Brewster,
T. H. Parse,
David Ewart, Columbia, in 6 shares of the Colum
bia Bridge Company,
Dr. Edward Fisher,
The Columbia" Bridge Com-
pany 1st qr. at $1 per qr.
George Butler, "
John Mealy, Charleston,
John Launs, "
J. Meetze &, W. Caughman, (their last Instal.)
Meetze &, Caughman, (interest,)
Dr. Jefferson Goodwin,
Dr. P. Todd,
Col. S. Cannon,
Col. David Hentz,,
John Cook, (last instal.)
Adam Folk, Esqr.
J. C. Hope, (Inst.)
EXPENDITURES FOR LAST YEAR.
To cash paid to R. Sondley, for freight on books fox
25, " Dr. Hazelius, for the same purpose,
May 7, " Wm. Kunhardt, for the same purpose,
Deducted from above —
$ 7272 61
$ 7 50
$ 14 75
1835. Nov. 17, " Balance in the hands of the Tr. ofSem. in
Bonds and cash $ 7257 86
It having, from the statement of the Trustees of the Lexington Litera-
ry Institute, apppeared to this Synod, that there was a deficiency in the
funds of said Institute, necessary to pay the salary of the instructors, and
being bound by previous agreement to make up half such deficiency,
Resolved, That the President grant an order to draw on the Treasurer
of the Synod, for the amount of $53 87J cts. to pay the one-half of said
deficiency towards the salary of the Classical Teacher.
Rev. J. Moser in the Chair. __
N. B. — A mistake occurred last year, in the printed minutes, through an oversight,
in the statement of the amounts contributed to the funds of the Seminary by two Gen-
tlemen, Samuel Bookman, who contributed $ 10 and Jacob Book, who contributed
$ 5. — Secretary.
The Secretary now read the proceedings of the second and third sessions
of Miaisterium, as information to the Synod. (See niin. of Ministerium.)
The Board of Directors having held a meeting this forenoon, would re-
port their transactions as information also before this body.
The information in both cases was well received and met the approba-
tion of the whole Synod.
The report of the Board of Directors on the operations, state and pros-
pects of the Seminary at Lexington was next read and adopted, (See Ap-
Several resolutions were now introduced and adopted,
Resolved, That Rev. Dr. Hazelius and H. Muller be again appointed
special Agents to make collections for the Seminary.
Resolved, That the thanks of the Synod be returned to the Rev. J. D,
Scheck, to the congregation, the Rev. J. Medtart of Philadelphia, and to
other individuals, for their liberal donations in books to the Library of the
Rev. S. A. Mealy in the Chair.
REPORT NO. XII.
The Committe appointed to examined the accounts of the Treasurer of
the Synod beg leave respectfully to report, that they have examined his ac-
counts, with the necessary vouchers, and give the following as a true state-?
mcnt of the funds of the Synod.
For the year ending Nov. 14, 1835.
Dr. The Lutheran Synod of South Carolina and
adjacent States, in account with Rev. G.
1834. Nov. 20. To cash paid Rev. F. F.
Harris, $ 50 00
" 26. " " D. Bernhard, 13 00
Dec. 31. " " D. Bernhard, 43 25
1835. Jan. 16. " " L. Bedenbaug, 56 25
k « u To Mr. Gross for H.Stou-
demyre, 56 00
" " to E. Hawkins, 75 00
" H. Muller for Dr. Ha-
zelius, 138 00
to S.R.Shepherd, 30 00
Rev. J. C. Hope, for
printing minutes and
constitution, 95 00
" Mar. 3. " H. Stoudemyre on last
" David Burnhardt,
" Levi Bedenbaugh,
" G. Haltiwanger, Jr.
" H. Stoudemyre,
" D. Bernhardt,
For the year ending Nov.
Balance in hand Nov. 17th, 1834,
Dec. 1834, By interest received,
The amount expended,
Balance in the hands of the 1 reasu-
rer of Synod, Nov. 14th, 1835, in
notes and cash,
The Rev. G. Dreher now arose and acknowledged his gratitude to the
members of this body, for the confidence which was manifested towards
him, in appointing him for so many years in succession the Treasurer of this
Synod, and for having now exempted him from the heavy burthen.
Resolved, That the thanks of this Synod be retnrned to the Rev. God-
frcy Dreher, for the faithful performance of his duties for many years as
Treasurer of the Synod.
The Treasurers of the Seminary and Synod executed a renewal of their
REPORT NO. XIIL
The Committee to whom was referred the consideration of the expedien-
cy of dividing our Syflodical territory into conference districts, beg leave
respectfully to report: That
District No. 1, be composed of the churches in Charleston and Savannah*
District No. 2, be composed of all the ministers and their churches, living
on the south of Saluda river. The churches at Ebenezer, in Barnwell
District, Orangeburg, and Sandy Run are included.
District No. 3, be composed of all the ministers, residing on the North
side of Saluda River, and their churches, including the church at Lexington?
Village. Respectfully submitted.
J. D. SCHECK, )
J. WINGARD, \ Committee.
G. HALTIWANGER, >
A communication from St. Peter's church was read and referred to the
In reference to the time when these conferential districts are to hold their
meetings, the following resolution was introduced and adopted:
Resolved, That this Synod recommend to the ministers and people in
teir confehrential districts, to hold the conferential meetings whenever a
fifth Lord's day occurs in the month.
Synod adjourned to meet immediately after the close of the last sessionof the
Last Session, Wednesday Evening.
Synod resumed its business by hearing the report of the transactions of
the Ministerium as information. (See min. of Ministerium.)
With a view to satisfy the ministers and the churches at large, of the
friendly determinations of the Rev. G. Dreher, whose feelings had been in
some measure, estranged from us; he consented, at the request of his breth-
ren, to sign the following pledge :
I solemnly pledge myself to co-operate with my clerical brethren, in the
spirit of true friendship, in the future, in promoting peace and harmony in
the churches. (Signed) GODFREY DREHER.
Resolved, That the same Committee on missions for last year be appoint-
ed again for this year. The Committee, Messrs. Dr. Hazelius, G. Dreher,
H. Muller, W. Cauehman and J. Meetze.
Resolved, That the committee on the book depository for last year bo
the committee for the ensuing year. Committee: Messrs. E. L. Hazelius,
J. C. Hope and G. Dreher.
Resolved, That the committee to afford assistance to young men, who
are destitute of means, and are desirous of studying for the ministry, be the
same as last year. Committee: Messrs. H. Muller, W. Caughman, M.
Rauch, G. Dreher and E. L. Hazelius.
Our Synodical business having been finished; after uniting iu singing a
hymn of praise, the President closed by an impressive prayer at the Throne
of Grace, for the blessing of God to rest upon us and ours, evermore. The
ministers then departed from each other in the spirit of christian love, to
return to their homes, and once more greet their sacred charges* Amen.
I certify that the foregoing is a faithful abstract from the records of the
Twelfth Session of the Evangelical Lutheran Synod of South Carolina and
JOHN CHRISTIAN HOPE, Secretary.
SESSIONS OF THE MINISTERIUM.
First Session, Monday Afternoon, Nov. 16.
The Ministerium met according to a previous resolution, to attend to the
business coming more immediately under its action.
It was consulted as to the propriety of ordaining the Rev. Licentiates, H.
Aull and R. Cloy; whereupon,
It was resolved, That Rev. Hermon Aull and Robert Cloy be ordained
in the church on Tuesday, at 12 o'clock.
It was resolved, That a committee be appointed to examine Messrs. Jas.
P. Ring, Edwin, A. BolleSj David Bernhardt and Levi Bedenbaugh, can-
didates for the ministry, on the several branches of study to which they had
attended in the Seminary. Committee: Rev. E. L. Hazelius, J. Bachman,
S. A. Mealy, J. C. Hope and J. D. Scheek.
The Ministerium ordered, That the examination be conducted for the
space of an hour, before the whole Synod, and then to be resumed again at
night before the committee, which committee shall report to the Synod to-
A communication from St. Andrew's church was now read and consider-
ed. The election of brother Bedenbaugh as the Pastor of that church was
sustained; but whereas, Mr. Bedenbaugh generously and respectfully offer-
ed the pastoral care of this church to Rev. M. Rauch, the Ministerium res-
pectfully recommend said congregation to be under the pastoral care of
Rev. M. Rauch, and that both these brethren labor for them the ensuing
Upon the consideration of the report of Dr. Hazelius, concerning the
church in Columbia, it was resolved, That Mr. Philip Strobel receive a li-
cense to preach and exhort in the church of Columbia, the ensuing year,
under the direction of the Professor, Dr. Hazelius.
Second Session, Tuesday, Nov. 17.
The Ministerium resumed its deliberations by attending to the report of
the committee appointed to examine the Theological Students. The com-
mittee reported that they had attended to the duty assigned them, and were
fully satisfied with the progress which ihey had made in their Theological
Studies, and would therefore recommend them as suitable subjects for Li-
censure. It was resolved, therefore. That James P. Ring, Edwin A.
Bolles, David Bernhardt and Levi Bedenbaugh receive full license to preach
the gospel and to administer the ordinances.
The missionary journal of Mr. D. Bernhardt, which had been referred
to the Ministerium, was now read and considered, and in viesv of the infor-
mation which it contained, it was recommended, that Mr. Levi Bedenbaugh
preach once a month, and oftcner if possible, at Aiken, and that he receive
the usual missionary allowance, the half of which is to be returned to the
assisting funds of the Seminary.
Third Session, Tuesday Afternoon.
Ministerium resumed its business ajjain by considering a communication
from Mt. Calvary Church, Edisto, requesting the services of Mr. L. Beden-
baugh. The request was granted.
A communication was heard from Dr. Hazeiius, relative to the situation
of St. Jacob's Church, Wateree. After a thorough consideration of the
state of the congregation, and what would be just and christian-like, it was
resolved, That it be recommended to all the ciders of St. Jacob's Church
to resign their office — that then an election be held by the regular commu-
ning male members and contributors, for one set of ruling officers only —
that then the same kind of voters enter into an impartial election for a reg-
ular Pastor, exclusive of Rev. J. Moser and G. Dreher. If this recommen-
dation be not complied with, then, and upon that condition— be it resolved,
That Rev. M. Rauch be recommended to preach in the Baptist Church, to
that portion of the congregation of St. Jacob's Church, favorable to our
Fourth Session, Wednesday Evening, Nov. 18.
Ministerium resumed its deliberations by attending to the business spe-
cially referred to it. A petition was read from Zion, St. Peter and Beth-
lehem Churches, requesting the full licensure of Mr. Jacob Kleckly, and
fully considered. In view of the standing rule of this Ministerium and of
the Ministeriums of other Svnods, first to examine a candidate, and if ac-
cepted, then to license; and on account of constitutional requisitions which
had not been complied with by the proposed*candidale, the request at this
time could not be complied with by this Ministerium.
The Ministerium was not disposed to reject the petitioner's request in re-
lation to Mr. J. Kleckly, but in consequence of his not previously comply-
ing with the vi. Chap. Art'ls 2 — 3 of the Constitution.
2. "Every person applying for license must submit to an examination^
conducted by an examining committee, of two or more ordained ministers
appointed by the President for this purpose. These examinations are rc-
commended to be conducted in the presence of the whole Synod.
3. The examination shall embrace at least the following subjects : — 1.
Personal piety and the motives of the applicants for seeking the ministe-
rial office ; 2. The evidences of Christianity ; 3. Natural and revealed
Theology ; 4. Church History ; 5. Pastoral Theology ; 6. The miles of
Sermonizing; 7. Church Government; and 8. The Greek and Hebrew
Scriptures; and after the examination is ended by the committee, every
member of the Ministerium, has the right to ash the applicant any addi-
tional questions." The Ministerium could not act otherwise than they have
done. Some of the above studies may be dispensed with, when necessity
A petition from St. Peter's Church, giving notice of the election of Rev.
G. Dreher as their future Pastor, and requesting the sanction of this Minis-
terium, that he serve theai, was read and considered. As this Ministerium
does not assume the right or power of controling the churches in their choice
of a minister, when fairly and constitutionally elected, and as there was no
complaint of an unfair election in this cas^; the Ministerium ordered that
the petition be returned to said congregation.
A petition from Bethlehem and St. Jacob's Churches, requesting the re-
newal and extension of Mr. Samuel Baughtnight's liceuse, h? being a Stu-
dent of Divinity under the care of this body, was read and considered. In
view of constitutional requirements, it was resolved, That the license of
Mr. S. Baughtnight be renewed, upon the condition that Dr. Hazelius hold
a colloquium with him, and if it be ascertained that Mr. S. Baughtnight ap-
proves of our Synod, and intends to co-operate with us in promoting tho
great cause of religion, then, and upon such condition, Dr. Hazelius shall be
authorized to grant him a license to preach the Gospel and exhort.
Resolved, Furthermore, That the license of Mr. S. Baughtnight be ex-
tended, as soon as he complies with the vi. Chap, and Art'ls 2 and 3 of the
Constitution, as expressed above.
Two communications from Salem's Church, Hollow Creek, one giving
notice of the election of Rev. G. Dreher as their future minister, and re-
questing the sanction of his serving them; the other stating a a grievance
committed in the manner in which that election was conducted, and request-
ing the services of Mr. L. Bedenbaugh, were read and considered.
In view of the whole matter as it presented itself to us from these com-
munications, and on account of the constitution by which our body is gov-
erned; the Ministerium deemed it just and proper between brethren, to in-
troduce and adopt the following resolutions ;
Resolved, That said election be not sustained, because it appeared that
votes had been given by some who were not regular communing members
or supporters at the time,
Resolved, Furthermore, That it be recommended to this congregation
lo hold another election for a Pastor, and that none but the regular male
communing members and supporters be permitted to vote.
I certify that the foregoing is a true extract from the proceedings of the
JOHN CHRISTIAN HOPE, Secretary of Ministerium.
Of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, in the United States of America, taken from the
parochial reports of the different Synods, which however comes short of the numer.
ical strength of the church, as there is but an imperfect report often made to Synods.
1. Synod of East Pennsylvania,
2. Synod of New York,
3. Eastern District of Ohio,
4, Western District of Ohio,
5. West Pennsylvania Synod,
6. Hartwick, N. Y.
9. North Carolina,
JO. Synod of the West,
J.1. South Carolina,
12. Synod of Tennessee,
Ord. Min. and Lie. included,
PRESIDENT'S ANNUAL REPORT.
Dearly Beloved Brethren :
Through the kind Providence of our common God and Father, we have been preserved
through another year, and are again permitted to behold each other on this side of the grave,
to indulge in an interchange of sentiments, to unite our deliberations and our prayers, and to
confer upon those subjects, which, as we humbly trust, will have a tendency to promote the
best interests of our beloved Church. Another year has revolved in its course, bringing with
it all those vicissitudes and changes, which never fail to make so large a lapse in the revolutions
of time, and yet w«? feel that the tender mercies of God have been extended towards us and
our people, and that the Great Head of the Church has neither forsaken, nor forgotten us.
Notwithstanding the apprehensions of many of another visitation of disease, with but a few
exceptions, a very general state of health has blessed our country, the kindly smiles of Hea-
ven have rested upon the Church of our affections — and if the borders of our zion have not
been enlarged, and her members increased, to the full extent of our sanguine wishes, during
the past year, we have at least abundant cause for thankfulness, that the number of our
ministers has not been diminished, as in former years, by the invasions of death, but on the
contrary, that we have now before us the prospect of an additional number of well qualified
laborers in the vineyard of the Lord. And upon the whole, that we have seldom met in An-
nual Convention, under more favorable aspects than on the present occasion. To God our
merciful Father in Christ, we would ascribe all the praise.
Your candor and good feeling are too well known to allow me to doubt, that you will bear
with me, while I now endeavor to lay before you such information as has reached me, with
regard to the past movements and present prospects of our church; and whde I respectfully
submit to your united wisdom those suggestions, which, it is believed, are not without an im-
portant bearing upon the future prosperity of our zion.
Communications have been received from a majority of my Clerical Brethren, from which
it appears, that during the year they have been enabled to attend without intermission to their
arduous duties ; and that, if all their hopes of usefulness have not been realized, they have at
least experienced the refreshing presence of God in their hearts, and have been greatly sus-
tained and cheered in their responsible labors among their respective charges.
A letter received from the Rev. F. F. Harris, conveys the information that he is still at the
post of duty, where he states that he is willing to remain, provided this Synod will regard and
support him for some time to come, in the capacity of a missionary. His communication,
marked A. contains sundry items of intelligence, of such importance as to induce me to re-
commend it the careful attention of the Ministerium. He wrote me that the Secretary would
hand in his parochial report for the year.
In September, I was informed by Mr. Edwin A. Bolles, a student in our Theological Semi-
nary, that he had received and accepted an invitation from the vestry of St. John's Church in
Salisbury N. Carolina, to reside among them for three months, preliminary to their securing
the services of a stated Pastor. The relation which our young Brother now sustains towards;
that congregation, will render it necessary that he should receive from the Ministerium, a
full License, preparatory to his entrance upon the duties of the gospel ministry. It should be
a subject of gratulation to us, that although our young Brother will remove beyond the bounds
of our own Synod, yet that his exertions in the cause of our Divine Master are still to be con-
fined to the Southern section of our Church, where, as all are aware, they are so greatly
To our excellent Professor I am indebted for the intelligence, that Mr. David Bernhardt,
another of our students in the Seminary, has received a call to the Lutheran congregation in
Amelia, which he has accepted ; and that the Church at Sandy Run, has also elected him as
Pastor from the number of our students.
The circumstance of these young gentlemen receiving a pastoral call thus early in life,
whde it conveys a flattering testimonial to the judicious and efficient system of Theological in-
struction pursued in our Seminary, has also served to confirm in my own mind the correctness
of an impression long since imbibed, viz : That so numerous and urgent are the demands for
ministerial aid in our Church, especially at the South, that a young man of exemplary piety
and respectable literary attainments, has no cause to despair of a suitable situation, when fully
prepared to assume the office of the christian ministry.
A letter from my esteemed predecessor, the Rev. Dr. Bachman, our ministeral Delegate to
the General Synod, enables me to state that he was kindly received by that respected Body,
that the business was conducted in a spirit of great harmony, and that his official report will be
submitted at our present session. Mr. Thomas Purse of Savannah, Geo. who was chc en our
lay-representative to the General Synod was prevented by domestic circumstances from
being present at its deliberations. The Rev. 3Ir. Scheck was however present as an advisory
member, and expresses himself highly gratified with his reception.
While on the subject o the General Synod, it may not be amiss to call the attention of the
members of this Synod to a resolution of that Body, couched in the following terms — "Resol-
ved, that it be recommended to the several District Synods to give at their ensuing meeting,
of knowledge, the Board thought it proper that they might form exceptions to the general rule
laid down in our Constitution.
2. SPRING ^EXAMINATION.
This examination took place on the 2Tlh of April. The several classes were examined on
Sacred Geography, Biblical History, Hebrew Scriptures, Church History, Biblical Theology,
Polemic and Systematic Divinity. In the evening of the same day, several of the Students
delivered interesting addresses of their own compositions to a large and gratified congregation.
The Examining Committee reported to the Board that they were fully satisfied with the pro-
gress of the Students in their respective studies. Immediately after the close of the examina-
tion, the Professor read a report to the Board which was accepted. Having reported, that he
gave instructions to those students, who had not enjoyed a full scientific and classical educa-
tion, in Natural Philosophy, Astronomy and Logic, it was highly approved of by the Board. —
The Professor having also expressed a desire to change time of vacation, the Board not wishing
to assume the responsibility to act in so momentous a matter, resolved, that it be referred to the
consideration of the whole Sy nod, but in view of the whoie business, granted the Professor,
the privilege of holding all his lectures, and hearing the recitations in the forenoon, during the
3. FALL SESSION.
The period of the Fall Session having rolled round, all the Students returned to the favored
spot, in the enjoyment of good health, and in fine spirits, having regaled themselves by country
and town visits during the vacation. The Seminary commenced its operations again, accord-
ing to the Constitution, on the first Monday of June. The probationers, now five in number,
were to be matriculated, but in consequence of the absence of some members of the Faculty, it
was postponed to the 15th of June. On that day, in pursuance of agreement, the Faculty met,
the Professor having reported the moral conduct of the probationers, uniformly good, having
addressed them in a suitable manner, and having exhibited their testimonials; they were sol-
emnly matriculated as Theological Students of this Institution.
4. FALL EXAMINATION.
The examination at the close of the Spring Session commenced on the 2nd of November, and
occupied two days. For the want of more time, the young men were examined only on some
of the prominent studies to which they had attended. These branches were, Natural Theolo-
gy, Evidences of Christianity, Cursory Reading of the Greek Testament, Biblical Exercises,
Jewish Antiquities, Church History and Didactic and Polemic Theology, upon which they
sustained a very satisfactory examination. At candle light, on the second day, several of the
students delivered suitable addresses to a large and attentive congregation — also, a Valedictory
Address by 3Ir. James P. King, of Charleston, a regular Graduate of our Seminary. The Ex-
amining Committee again reported, that the examination and other exercises were highly plea-
sing and truly satisfactory.
After the close of the examination, a meeting of the Board was called, but for the want of a
quorum, the Professor read his report to the Committee of Examination, which was satisfacto-
ry, and accepted. The Professor informed the Committee that he continued lecturing on some
extra branches of study to those who availed themselves of the privilege, which in the opinion
of the Committee, must prove a special advantage to them. Four of the Students have dissol-
ved their connection with the Seminary, with a view to enter the fields of labor to which they
may be called or appointed, if they should be approved by the Synod or 3Iinisterium. As J. P.
Ring was a regular Graduate of the Institute, it was resolved, that he receive a Diploma, as is
usual in such cases, to be signed by the Professor and Chairman of the Board of Directors. —
And as Messrs. D. Bernhardt, E. A. Bolles and Levi Bedenbaugh did not graduate regularly,
but had attended to the most important studies for usefulness as Preachers of the Gospel, and
as their moral standing was deservedly high — in view of their merits, it was resolved, that they
receive favorable certificates, also to be signed by the Professor and Chairman of the Board. —
The Board therefore recommend these young brethren to the Synod and ministerium, hoping
that they will stand such an examination before this reverend body, as will entitle them to its
confidence, and procure for them the power and privilege of preaching the Gospel.
5. THE LIBRARY.
The Library has received several valuable additions since last year. From the congrega-
tion of Ebenezcr we have received several boxes of books, to which the Rev. J. D. Schctk has
added a number from his private Library. Rev. 3Ir. Medtart of Philadelphia has also given
some valuable books to the Seminary, as well as some olher gentlemen whose names are not
now recollected. The Library amounts to about 1100 volumes, and has been measurably ar-
ranged upon the shelves. A catalogue of them is about to be made out; the Profe.-sor has made
a commencement, and hopes by another year, to be able to lay the result of his labors before
you. The B<ard has expended but a small amount of money this year for repairs of houses or
otherwise. And as the fund for the support of a Professorship is not yet fully made up, and asr
it appears all important that it should be completed at no distant period, and as the plan adopted
by the clergy in applying the annual collections of the churches for this purpose, will not suc-
ceed well many years longer, the Board would simply suggest the rc-appointment of an effi-
cient agent, to proceed immediately after Synod on a collecting mission, to raise, if possible,
the residue which is wanting to complete the necessary fund. Thus have the Board given a
detailed account of the transactions of the past year, with the only suggestion which is consid-
ered important at this time, all which the Board respectfully submits for consideration and
WEST CAUGHMAN, Chairman of the Board.
J. C. HOPE, Secretary of Beard