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Full text of "Extracts from the Notitia dignitatum"

' Vol. VI. No. 4. 

Translations and Reprints 

FROM THE 

Original Sources of European History 



Extracts from the Notitia Dignitatum 



Edited by 

WILLIAM FAIRLEY, Ph. D. 



PUBLISHED BY 

The Department of History of the University of Peonsylvania. 



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NORTHEASTERN UNSVERSiTY LIBRARY 

Translations and Reprints pM/.^ 

FROM THS , J 

ORIGINAL SOURCES OF EUROPEAN HISTORY. 

Vol.. VI. REGISl^ER OF DIGNITARIES. No. 4. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

PAOB 

Introduction 2 

Register op Dignitaries in the East 3 

The pretorian prefects of the East and of Illyricuta 5, 7 

The masters of soldiery in the presence and in the East 8, lo 

The provost of the sacred bedchamber 10 

The master of the offices . 11 

The quaestor • • : S2 

The counts of the sacred bounties and of the private domain ... 12, 13 

The counts of the household horse and foot 14 

The castellan 14 

The chief of the notaries and the masters of bureaus 15 

The proconsul of Asia and the. Augustal prefect'. ........ 16 

The vicar of the diocese of Asia 17 

The count of the Egyptian frontier 17 

The duke of Scythia and the consular of Palestine 19 

The president of Thebais , ao 

Register of Dignitaries in the West 20 

The pretorian prefects of Italy and of the Gauls 22,23 

The prefect of the city of Rome 24 

The masters of foot and of horse in the presence . • 25 

Distribution of forces 26 

The master of the offices and his Insignia {Illustration) 28 

The quaestor 30 

The counts of the sacred bounties and of the private domain . .30,33 

The counts of the "household horse and foot 35 

The castellan, chief of the notaries, and masters of bureaus ... 35 

The proconsul of Africa and the vicar of the city of Rome .... 36 

The vicars of the Seven Provinces and of the Britains 37 

The count of Tingitania and the duke of the Armorican Tract . . 38 

The consular of Campania and the corrector of Apulia 39 

The president of Dalmatia 40 

BIBI.IOGRAPUICAI, NOTB . 40 



TRANSLATIONS AND REPRINTS. 



INTRODUCTION. 



The NOTITIA DiGNiTATUM is an official register of all the oflSces, other 
than municipal, which existed in the Roman Empire. It suggests our 
Statesman's Year-book and other such publications. But this register was 
official, prepared, as will be seen, by the "chief of the notaries" in the East 
and West respectively. (See pp. 15, 35.) It differs from its modern repre- 
sentatives in that it gives only the offices, and not in any case the name of 
the incumbent. Gibbon gave to this document a date between 395 and 407, 
when the Vandals disturbed the Roman regime in Gaul. Bury, following 
Hodgkin (Italy and her luvaders, Vol. I, p. 717), thinks that 402 is the 
probable date from the fact that the twentieth legion which was in that year 
transferred from Britain to Italy is not mentioned as being in either of 
these divisions of the empire. But Dr. Otto Seeck (in Hermes, Vol. XI, 
pp. 71-78) finds some conditions, principally in the disposition of troops, 
which could be true only of a time before the battle of Adrianople (378), 
and others which are as late as 427. He infers that the Notitia was drawn 
up as early as the time of Valens, and corrected from year to year here and 
there, while left in many -parts unchanged; and that, therefore, it does not 
give the exact military status at any one time. 

The test comes to us through four manuscripts, now at Oxford, Paris, 
Vienna and Munich respectively. The last named is of the sixteenth cen- 
tury, the other three of the fifteenth. The four are exact copies, even in 
form, of a manuscript once preserved at Spires, but lost in the latter part of 
the sixteenth century. This Spires manuscript contained several other doc- 
uments besides the Notitia Dignitatmn, one of them known to be of the 
year 825. Thus the earliest possible date for the Spires MS. is fixed, and its 
palseographic form, reproduced in the four copies mentioned, shows that it 
was written not later than the eleventh century. 

The Notitia Dignitatum has preserved for us, as no other document has 
done, a complete outline view of the Roman administrative system in Chie 
early fifth century. The hierarchic arrangement is displayed perfectly. 
The division of prefectures, dioceses and provinces, «md the rank of their 
respective governors is set forth at length. The military origin of the whole 
system appears in the titles of the staff officers, even in those departments 
whose heads had, since the time of Constantine, l^een deprived of all mili- 
tary command. 

Prefixed to the accounts of some eighty-seven of the chief offices are their 
insig7iia. These were p'fobably emblazoned on the codicils, or commissions, 
of these officers, and they are illustrative of the dignities and duties of those 
to whom they were assigned. Those of the pretorian prefects display a 
book of mandates reposing on a richly covered table, and flanked by four 
tapers; also the four-horse chariot and a pillar with the portrait of the em- 
peror or emperors. The insignia of military commanders show the distinct- 
ive shields of the several bodies of troops under them. The insignia of the 
master of the offices in the West are reproduced on p. 28. 



REGISTER OF DIGNITARIES. 3 

This translation gives practically everything of prime importance in the 
test. The spheres of work and the staffs of the chief officials have been 
given in full. Omissions are always indicated in the translation, as where 
lists of troops, after a few illustrative examples, are summarized, without 
giving the names and locations of the various organizations. From the list 
of minor officials, of whom there are a considerable number of the same 
rank, one has been selected as typical of the rest, as, e. g.\ one duke, one 
count, one consular, in each half of the empire. 

The matter of translation was somewhat difficult, owing to the lack of 
precedents, especially in the case of the staff officers. The lexicons for the 
most part say of any one of these designations that it was "the title of a 
high official of the later empire." This is true, but not .sufficient for the 
purposes of this book. A careful study of the functions of these officials, as 
disclosed in the Theodosian Code, and as commented on by Bocking (see 
bibliography), has made possible a more exact, if somewhat arbitrary, ren- 
dering. An English word which fully expresses the Roman function is, ia 
many cas^s, hard to find. Sometimes the translation is only approximate, 
and requires a note. In general, the effort is made to retain the Roman 
flavor of the original, and not to translate the official terms of the empire by 
modern ones which might convey a false implication. For instance, it has 
been thought better to say "count of the sacred botinties" rather than 
"chancellor of the exchequer," or "grand treasurer;" and "provost of the 
sacred bedchamber " rather than "grand chamberlain." 

Brackets, [ ], enclose words not in the original. 

REGISTER OF DIGNITARIES. 
I. 

REGISTER OF THE DIGNITARIES, BOTH CIVII. AND MIIJTARV, IN THE 
DISTRICTS OF THE EAST. 

The pretorian prefect of the East. 

The pretorian prefect of Illyricum. 

The prefect of the city of Constantinople. 

Two masters of horse and foot in the presence. 

[The master] of horse and foot in the Hast. 

[The master] of horse and foot in Thrace. 

[The master] of horse and foot in Illyricum. 

The provost of the sacred bedchamber. 

The master of the offices. 

The quaestor. 

The count of the sacred bounties. 

The count of the private domains. 

Two counts of the household troops: 

of horse, 

of foot. 



4 TRANSLATIONS AN© EEPKlHTS. 

The superintendent of the sacred bedcliamber. 
The chief of the notaries. 
The castellan of the sacred palace. 
The masters of bureaus: 
of memorials, 
of correspondence, 
of requests, 
of Greek [versions]. 
Two proconsuls: 

of Asia; of Achaia. 
The count of the East. 
The Augustal prefect. 
Four vicars: 

of [the diocese of] Asia; of [the diocese of] Pontus; of [the 
diocese of] the Thraces; of [the diocese of] Macedonia. 
Two military counts: 

of Egypt; of Isauria. 
Thirteen dukes: 

in [the diocese of] Egypt two: 
of the Libyas; of Thebais. 
in [the diocese of] the East six: 

of Phoenice; of Euphratensis and Syria; of Palestine; 
of Osroena; of Mesopotamia; of Arabia. 
in [the diotese of] Pontus one: 

of Armenia. 
in [the diocese of] Thrace two: 

of Moesia secunda; of Scythia. 
in [the diocese of] lUyricum two: 

of ripuarian Dacia; of Mcesia prima. 
Fifteen consulars: 

in [the diocese of] the East five: 

of Palestine; of Phoenice; of Syria; of Cilicia; of Cyprus. 
in [the diocese of] Asia three: 

of Paniphylia; of Hellespontus; of Lydia. 
in [the diocese of] Pontus two: 

of Galatia; of Bithynia. 
in [the diocese of] Thrace two: 

of Europe; of Thrace, 
in [the diocese of] Illyricum three: 

of Crete; of Macedonia; of Mediterranean Dacia. 



REGISTER OF DIGNITARIES. 5 

Egypt, however, does not possess the consular dignity, 

Forty presidents: 

in [the diocese of] Egypt five: 

of upper Lybia; of lower Lybia; of Thebpis; of Egypt; 
of Arcadia, 
in [the diocese of] the East eight: 

of Palsestina salutaris; of Palaestina secunda; of 
Phoenice I^ibani; of Euphratensis; of Syria salutaris; 
of Osroena; of Mesopotamia; of Cilicia secunda. 
in [the diocese of] Asia seven: 

of Pisidia: of Lycaonia; of Phrygia Pacaliana; of 
Phrygia salutaris; of Lycia; of Caria; of the Islands, 
in [the diocese of] Pontus eight: 

of Honorias; of Cappadocia prima; of Cappadocia 
secunda; of Helenopontus; of Pontus Polemoniacus; 
of Armenia prima; of Armenia secuuda; of Galatia 
salutaris. 
in [the diocese of] Thrace four: 

of Hsemimontus; of Rhodope; of Moesia secunda; of 
Scythia. 
in [the diocese of] Illyricum eight: 

of Thessalia; of ancient Epirus; of new Epirus; of 
ripuarian Dacia; of Mcesia prima; of Prsevalitana; 
of Dardania; of Macedonia salutaris. 
Two correctors: 

of Augustamnica; of Paphlagonia. 

II. 

THE PRETORIAN PREFECT OF THE EAST. 

Under the control of the illustrious' pretorian prefect of the 
East are the dioceses below mentioned: 

of the East; of Egypt; of Asia; of Pontus; of Thrace. 

'Each of the great officials of the empire at this time was dignified and 
graded by one of three titles: illustris, " illustrious;" spectabilis, " worship- 
ful;" clarissimus, "right honorable." The first of these titles is the high- 
est. A study of the Notitia will show the bearers of the respective titles. 
In general, it may be said that the illustrious correspond in rank to our 
cabinet officers, the worshipful to our State governors and highest military 
officers, and the right honorable to our brigadier-generals and colonels. See 
the references to Gibbon, Bury and Hodgkin in the bibliography, p. 40. 



TRANSLATIONS AND REPRINTS. 



of [tlie diocese of] tbe East fifteen; 

Palestine; Phcenice; Syria; Cilicia; Cyprus; Arabia 
(also a duke and a military count) ; Isauria; Palaes- 
tina salutaris; Pal^stina secunda; Phcenice Libani; 
Eupbratensis; Syria salutaris; Osroena; Mesopo- 
tamia; Cilicia secunda. 
of [the diocese of] Egypt five: 

upper Libya; lower Libya; Thebais; Egypt; Arcadia, 
of [the diocese of] Asia ten: 

Pamphylia; Hellespontus; Lydia; Pisidia; Lycaonia; 
Phrygia Pacaliana; Phrygia salutaris; Lycia; Caria; 
the Islands. 
of [the diocese of] Pontus ten: 

Galatia; Bithynia; Honorias; Cappadocia prima; Cap- 
padocia secunda; Pontus Polemoniacus; Heleno- 
pontus; Armenia prima; Armenia secunda; Galatia 
salutaris. 
of [the diocese of] Thrace six. 

Europa; Thracia; H^mimontus; Rhodopa; Mcssia 
secunda; Scythia. 
The stafi"' of the illustrious pretorian prefect of the East: 
A chief of stafi", {princeps) 

A ch ief depu ty , {corn icula rius) 

' The dozen oflScers or types of officers here indicated were the heads of 
departments under the pretorian prefect. All the other officio or staffs were 
on a similar model. These officials belonged to the political aristocracy. 
The whole number of officers might run into the hundreds, besides large 
numbers of slaves who did the drudgery. The count of the East had 600 
officials; the proconsul of Africa, 400; the vicar of Africa, 300; the count of 
the sacred bounties, 224 regular assistants and 610 supernumeraries. The 
beginning of a civil service career under the pretorian prefect for a Roman 
gentleman, after a training in the law, was the post of "treasury advocate," 
of whom we are told that there were at one time 150 under a single prefect. 

The officials named in the text received high salaries. After working 
through to the highest staff position, which was commonly hold for either 
one or two years, they were eligible for the lower governorships, as presi- 
dents or correctors, and so on till the highest stations were reached. 

The Latin titles have been given to make it clear that the translation can- 
not be an exact equivalent for the terms in use under a system so different 
from anything now in existence. 



REGISTER OF DIGNITARIES. 7 

A chief assistant, {adiutor) 

A custodian, {commentariensis) 

A keeper of the records, (ab adis) 

Receivers of taxes, (jiumerdLrii) 

Assistants, {suhadiuucB) 

A curator of correspondence, {cura epistolarum) 
A registrar, {regerendarius) 

Secretaries, iexceptores) 

Aids, {adiutores) 

Notaries. {singularii) 

The pretorian prefect of the East does not receive post- warrants* 
for each year, but himself issues them. 

III. 

THE PRETORIAN PREFECT OF II,I,YRICDM. 

Under the control of the illustrious pretorian prefect of Illyricum 
are the dioceses mentioned below: 
of Macedonia; ofDacia. 
The provinces of Macedonia are six: 

Achaia; Macedonia; Crete; Thessaly; ancient Epirus; 
new Epirus; and a part of Macedonia salutaris. 
^ The provinces of Dacia are five: 

Mediterranean Dacia; ripuarian Dacia; Mcesia prima; 
Dardania; Prsevalitana; and part of Macedonia 
salutaris. 
The staff of tbe illustrious pretorian prefect of Illyricum: 
A chief of staff, 
A chief deputy,. 
A chief assistant, 
A custodian, 
A keeper of the records, 

Four receivers of taxes; one of these for gold; another for 
services. 

*The cursus publicus was the post-service for the conveyance of govern- 
ment dispatches and of government officials. It was elaborately organized 
and very effective. Its control was in the hands of the pretorian prefects 
and the masters of the offices. Other officers we^e limited in their use of 
this service, as the^last paragraph of eacli chapter in the Notitia of the East 
shows. There is no reference to this service in the Notitia of the West, 
though there is no reason to doubt that the regulations there were similar. 



8 TRANSLATIONS AND REPRINTS. 

An assistant, 

A curator of correspondence, 
A registrar, 
Secretaries, 
Aids, 
Notaries. 
The pretorian prefeet^of Illyricum himself issues [post- warrants]. 

IV. 

THE PREFECT OF THE CITY OF CONSTANTINOPI,E. 

[The text is wanting.] 

V. 

THE MASTER OF THE SOLDIERY IN THE PRESENCE. 

Under the control of the illustrious master of the soldiery in the 
presence: ^ 

Five squadrons of palatine horse: 
The senior promoted horse. 
The companion cuirassiers, 

'For the organization and strength of tlie army at this period see Bury's 
Gibbon, Vol. II, App. 12. A summary of his statements, embodynig the 
results of Monimsen's study, is here given. 

A, Orgamzalion. 

I. The borderers {liinita7iei, rtpenses) were stationed on the frontiers and 
served as cultivators of lands allotted to them as well as soldiers. 

i legions, old, 6, 000 men, new, 1,000. 
anxilia . 500 men. 
cohorts. 500 men 
Cavalry: squadrons {cunei equituni, equiles, alae); socmen, 

II. Imperial troops. 

(Infantry, legions; 1,000 men. 
Cavalry, squadrons {vexiUaiiones)\ 
500 men. 

b. Troops of the second line {pseudo-rouiitaletises), 

c. Palatine troops, of higher rank and pay than the line. 

d. The 12 schools, of 500 men each, palace guards. 

B. Strength. Total. 



Borderers: P"^^"*''^^ ^49.5oo 
tCavalrv: 110.^:00 



Cavalry: 110,500 360,000 

( Infantry; 148,000 



Imperial; { ^"'«"^^^- '4'^. 
t Cavalry: , 46, 



500 194.500 

554.500 



REGISTER OF DIGNITARIES. 9 

The junior companion archers. 

The companion Taifalians, 

The Arcadian horse. 
Seven squadrons of horse of the line: 

The Biturigensian cuirassiers, 

The senior Gallican heavy-armed horse, 

The fifth Dahnatian horse, 

The ninth Dahnatian horse, 

The first shield-bearers, 

The junior promoted horse, 

The first Parthian cuirassiers. 
Six palatine legions: 

The senior lancers, 

The junior Jovians, 

The junior Herculians, 

The Fortenses, 

The Nervii, 

The junior Matiarii. 
Eighteen palatine auxilia : 

The senior Batavians, 

The junior Brachiati, 

The Salians, 

The Constantians, 

The senior Mattiaci, 

The senior Gallican archers, 

The junior Gallican archers. 

The third Valens' archers. 

The Defenders, 

The Raetobarii, 

The Anglevarii, 

The Hiberi, 

The Visi, 
^ The fortunate junior Honorians, 

The Victors, 

The first Theodosians, 

The third Theodosians, 

The fortunate Isaurian Theodosians. 
The staff of the aforesaid office of the master in the presence is 
[made up from officers] enrolled with the forces and assigned to 
staff duty. 



lO TRANSLATIONS AND REPRINTS. 

It includes the officers below mentioned: 
A chief of staff, 
Two accountants {nume'rarii), 
A custodian, 

Chief clerks (^pHmiscrinios)^ who become accountants, 
Clerks, 

Secretaries and other attendants {apptxritorei). 
The master of the soldiery in the presence is entitled to fifteen 
post-warrants in the year. 

VII, 

THE MASTER OF THE SOIvDIERY IN THE EAST. 

Under .the control of the illustrious master of the soldiery in 
the East: 

Ten squadrons of horse of the line.* 
Two palatine auxilia.'^ 
Nine legions of the line.* 
Eleven legions of the secondary line.* 
The staff of the master's office in the East is Considered per- 
manent. 

It includes the officers below mentioned: 
A chief of staff, 
Two accountants, 
A custodian, 
A chief assistant, 
Clerks, 

Quartermasters {mensores). 
Secretaries and other attendants. 
The master of the soldiery in the East is entitled to twenty-five 
post-warrants in the year. 

X. 

THE PROVOST OF THE SACRED BEDCHAMBER. 

Under the control of the illustrious provost of the sacred bed- 
chamber: 

The imperial estate {domiis divina) in Cappadocia. 

* Enumeration omitted. 



REGISTER OF DIGNITARIES. I J 

XI. 

THE MASTER OF THE OFFICES. 

Under the control of the illustrious master of the offices; 

The first school * of shield-bearers, 

The second school of shield-bearers, 

The school of senior gentiles,^ 

The school of shield- and bow-bearers, 

The school of mailed shield-bearers, 

The junior light-armed school. 

The school of junior gentiles, 

The school of confidential agents {agentes in rebus^^ and 
those assigned from the same school. 

The surveyors and lamp-makers, 

The bureau of memorials, 

The bureau of correspondence. 

The bureau of requests, 

The bureau of assignments (dispositiones)y 

The staff of ushers, 

The arsenals below mentioned: 

of [the diocese of] the East five: 

of shields and weapons, at Damascus, 
of shields and weapons, at Antioch, 
of maO, at Antioch, 
of shields and equipment, at Edesa, 
of spears, at Irenopolis in Cilicia. 
of [the diocese of] Pontus three: 

of cuirasses, at Caesarsea in Cappadocia, 
of shields and weapons, at Nicomedia, 
of cuirasses, at Nicomedia. 
of [the diocese of] Asia one: 

of shields and weapons, at Sardis in Lydia. 

' So called from their attending in the schola, or hall of the palace. 

^ A word of no religious import, but pointing only to the origin of this 
school from one social class of certain Scythian peoples who were living in 
a federate relation to the empire. 

^Agentes in rebus, a class of highly paid civil agents, who were designed 
to keep the central government in touch with its various branches. From 
them were chosen, as will frequently appear, the higher staff officials, who 
not only served their superiors, but watched them in the interests of the 
court. There were 1,174 of them in the time of Theodosius II. 



■f2 TRANSLATIONS AND REPRINTS. 

of [the diocese of] the two Thraces (one of the diocese 
of Asia): 
of shields and weapons, at Hadrianopolis of Hsem- 

imontus, 
of shields and weapons, at Marcianopolis (in the 
two Thraces). 
of [the diocese of] Illyricum four: 
at Thessalonica, 
at Naissus, 
at Ratiaria, 

of shields at Horreomargi. 
The stafT of the aforesaid illustrious master of the offices is 
made up from the school of confidential agents as follows: 
A chief assistant, 
Assistants: 
two aids, 

three for the arsenals, 
four for the embroiderers in gold: 

for the diocese of the East one, for the diocese of 
Asia one, for the diocese of Pontus one, for the 
diocese of the Thraces and Illyricum one. 
An inspector of the public post in the presence, 
Inspectors for all the provinces, 
Interpreters for various peoples. 
The master of the offices himself issues post-warrants. 

XII. 

THE QUAESTOR. 

Under the control of the illustrious quaestor: 
The formulation of laws, 
The formulation of petitions. 
The quaestor does not have a staff, but such assistants from the 
bureaus as he may wish. 

XIII. 

THE COUNT OP THE SACRED BOUNTIES. 

Under the control of the illustrious count of the sacred bounties: 
The counts of the bounties in all the dioceses. 
The counts of the markets: 
in the East and Egypt, 
in Moesia, Scythia and Pontus, 



REGISTER OF DIGNITARIES. I3 

in Illyricum. 

The provosts of the store-houses, 

The counts of the metals in Illyricum, 

The count and the accountant of the general tribute of 
Egypt, 

The accountants of the general tribute, 

The masters of the linen vesture. 

The masters of the private vesture, 

The procurators of the weaving-houses. 

The procurators of the dye-houses. 

The procurators of the mints, 

The provosts of the goods despatch, 

The procurators of the linen-weavers. 
The staff of the aforesaid count of the sacred bounties includes: 

The chief clerk of the whole staff. 

The chief clerk of the bureau of fixed taxes, 

The chief clerk of the bureau of records, 

The chief clerk of the bureau of accounts, 

The chief clerk of the bureau of gold bullion. 

The chief clerk of the bureau of gold for shipment. 

The chief clerk of the bureau of the sacred wardrobe, 

The chief clerk of the bureau of silver. 

The chief clerk of the bureau o{ miliar ensia^^ 

The chief clerk of the bureau of coinage and other clerks 
of the above-mentioned bureaus, 

A deputy chief clerk of the staff, who is chief clerk of the 
secretaries, 

A sub-deputy chief clerk, who deals with the goods de- 
spatch, 

A fourth clerk who deals with requests, and other palatine 
[officials] of the aforesaid staff. 
The count of the bounties is entitled to as many post warrants 
in the year as his occasions may require. 

XIV. 

THE COUNT OF THE PRIVATE DOMAIN, 

Under the control of the illustrious count of the private domain: 
The imperial estates, 

'A silver coin, worth about 22 cents under Constantine an(i 26 under 
Julian 



14 TRANSLATIONS AND REPRINTS. 

The accountants of the private domain, 

The private baggage train, 

The provosts of the herds ^ and stables, 

The procurators of the pastures. 
The staff of the aforesaid illustrious count of the private domain. 

A chief clerk of the whole staff, 

A chief clerk of remitted taxes, 

A chief clerk of the fixed taxes, 

A chief clerk of receipts,^ 

A chief clerk of the bureau of private bounties, and other 
clerks of the aforesaid bureaus, 

A deputy chief clerk of the whole staff, who has charge of 
the documents of that staff, and other palatine [ofl5cials]. 
The count of the private domain is entitled to as many post- 
warrants in the year as his occasions may require. 

XV. 

TEE COUNT OF THE HOUSEHOLD HORSE. THE COUNT OF THE H0USEH0I,D 

FOOT. 

Under the control of the illustrious counts of the household 
horse and foot- 

The household horse, 
The household foot, 

and those of them deputized [on special missions]. 

The count of the household horse is entitled to . 

The count of the household foot is entitled to . 

XVI. 

THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE SACRED BEDCHAMBER, 

[The text is wanting.] 

XVII. 

THE CASTELLAN. 

Under the control of the worshipful* castellan: 
The pages, 
The imperial household servants, 

* Of horses. 

^ For taxes paid. 

* The first instance in this book of the second grade of official nobility. 
See note i, p. 5. 



REGISTER OF DIGNITARIES. 1 5 

The custodians of the palaces. 
The staff of the worshipful castellan aforesaid includes: 
An imperial accountant 
An accountant for the imperial Augustas, 
An assistant, 

A record-keeper and his bureau, and other palatine [offi- 
cials] of the aforesaid staff. 

XVIII. 

THE CHIEF OF THE NOTARIES. 

Under the control of the worshipful chief of the notaries: 

The registry of all the official and administrative positions, 

both military and civil, 
He also has charge of the schools and the forces.^ 
He does not have a staff, but an assistant from the school of 
the notaries. 

XIX. 

THE MASTERS OF THE BUREAUS. 

The master of the bureau of memorials 

formulates and issues all rescripts, and responds to 
petitions. 
The master of the bureau of correspondence 

deals with deputations from states, consultations ^ and 
petitions. 
The master of the bureau of requests 

deals with the hearing of cases and petitions. 
The master of the bureau of Greek correspondence 

either himself formulates those letters which are usually 
issued in Greek, or when they have been formulated 
in L,atin translates them into Greek. 
No one of these has a staff of his own, but assistants chosen 
from the bureaus. 

* He seems to have kept the records, if not to have controlled the disposi- 
tion, of the troops in the various provinces, and to have issued the commis- 
sions of the higher military officers. The register of these is called the 
"greater" or "superior" register. See note i, p. i8. 

' References to the imperial authority of questions on which provincial 
magistrates were in doubt: appeals from judges rather than against them. 



l6 TRANSLATIONS AND REPRINTS. 

XX. 

THE PROCONSUI. O*' ASIA. 

Under the control of the worshipful proconsul of Asia are the 
provinces mentioned below: 

Asia, 

The Islands, 

Hellespontus. 
His staff is as follows: 

A chief of the seCnie staff, 

A chief deputy, 

A chief assistant, 

A custodian, 

A keeper of the records. 

Receivers of taxes, 

Clerks, 

A receiver of requests. 

Secretaries and other officials. 
The proconsul of Asia is entitled to 



XXIII. 
THE AUGUSTAL PREFECT. 

Under the control of the worshipful Augustal prefect are the 
provinces mentioned below: 

Lybia superior, 

Lybia inferior, 

Thebais, 

Egypt, 

Arcadia, 

Augustamnica. 
His staff is as follows: 

A chief of staff from the school of confidential agents of 
the first class, who at the close of two years' service, 
after adoring the imperial clemency, goes forth with in- 
signia.^ 

A chief deputy, 

A custodian, 

*That is, advanced to such rank, consular or proconsular, as carries with 
it the privilege of insignia of office. Consular rank was attainable by those 
who did not become actual consuls. 



REGISTER OF DIGNITARIES. 17 



A quaestor, 
An assistant, 
A keeper of the records. 
Receivers of taxes, 
A curator of correspondence, 
Secretaries and other attendants. 
The Augustal prefect is entitled to — 



XXIV. 

THE VICAR OF THE DIOCESE OF ASIA. 

Under the control of the worshipful vicar of the diocese of Asia 
are the provinces mentioned below: 
Pamphylia, 
Lydia, 
Carl a, 
Lycia, 
Lycaonia, 
Pisidia, 

Phrygia Pacatiana, 
Phrygia salutaris. 
The staff of the worshipful vicar of the diocese of Asia is as 
follows: 

A chief of staff from the school of confidential agents of 
the first class, who at the close of two years' service, 
after adoring the imperial clemency, goes forth with in- 
signia. 
A chief deputy, 
A custodian, 
An assistant, 
A keeper of the records, 
Receivers of taxes, 
A curator of correspondence, 
Secretaries and other officials. 
The vicar of the diocese of Asia is entitled to . 

XXVIII. 

THE COUNT OF THE EGVPTIAN FRONTIER. 

Under the control of the worshipful military count of Egypt: 
The fifth Macedonian legion, at Memphis, 
The thirteenth twin legion, at Babylon, 



I8 TRANSLATIONS AND REPRINTS. 

The Stablesian horse, at Pelusium, 

The Saracen Thamudeue horse, at Scense Veteranorum, 

The third Diocletiana legion, at Andropolis, 

The second Trajana legion, at Parembole, 

The Theodosian squadron, recently organized, 

The Arcadian squadron, recently organized, 

The second squadron of Armenians, in the lesser Oasis. 

And these which are assigned from the lesser register:* 
The third squadron of Arabs, at Thenenuthis, 
The eighth squadron of Vandals, at Nee, 
The seventh squadron of Sarmatians, at Scense Mandrorum, 
The first squadron of Egyptians, at Selle, 
The veteran squadron of Gauls, at Rinocoruna, 
The first Herculian squadron, at Scense without Gerasa, 
The fifth squadron of Raetians, at Scense Veteranorum, 
The first Tangiers squadron, at Thinunepsi, 
The Aprian squadron, at Hipponos, 
The second squadron of Assyrians, at Sosteos, 
The fifth squadron of Prcsledi, at Dionysias, 
The third cohort of Galatians, at Cefro, 
The second cohort of Asturians, at Busiris. 

Of the province of Augustamnica: 

The second Ulpian squadron of Africans, at Thaubastos, 
The second squadron of Egyptians, at Tacasiria, 
The first cohort of archers, at Naithu, 
The first Augustan cohort of Pannonians, at Tohu, 
The first cohort of Epirotes, at Castra Judseorum, 
The fourth cohort of Juthungians, at Aphroditopolis, 
The second cohort of Iturasans, at Aiy, 
The second cohort of Thracians, at Muson, 
The fourth cohort of Numidians, at Narmtinthi. 

The staff is as follows: 

A chief of staff from the school of confidential agents of the 
first class, who, after adoring the imperial clemency, 
goes forth with insignia. 

^ The " lesser register " was the list of lower military ofEcers and their 
commands, which was in charge sometimes of the quaestor and somelimes 
of the bureau of memorials, under the master of the offices. See note i, 
p. 15. 



REGISTER OF DIGNITARIES. I9 

Receivers of taxes, 
A custodian, 
An assistant, 

A receiver of requests, or under-secretary, 
Secretaries and other officials. 
The count of Egypt is entitled to seven post-warrants in the year, 

XXXIX, 
THE DUKE OF SCYTHIA. 

Under the control of the worshipful duke of Scythia: 
[Seven squadrons of cavalry.] * 
Auxiliaries: 

[Eight organizations.] * 
Legions of borderers: 

[Seven organizations.]* 
His staff is as follows: 

A chief of staff, who at the end of his term of service pays 

adoration as a protector,' 
Accountants and their assistants, 
A custodian, 
An assistant, 

A receiver of requests, or under-secretary, 
Secretaries and other officials. 
The duke of Scythia is entitled to five post-warrants in the year. 

XLIII. 

THE CONSULAR OF PAI,ESTINE. 

Under the control of the right honorable^ consular of Palestine: 

The province of Palestine. 
His staff is as follows: 

A chief of staff, 

* Enumeration omitted. 

' This " adoration " was equivalent to a modern presentation at court. A 
"protector" was a highly- privileged member pf the imperial body-guard. 
See Bury's Gibbon, Vol. 11, App. 13. To "adore as protector" was to be 
admitted either to this body-guard or to a rank equivalent to it in the nicely- 
graded scale of precedence. 

' Consulars, correctors, and most presidents were darissimi, " right honor- 
able." 



80 TRANSLATIONS AND REPRINTS, 

A chief deputy, 
A custodian, 
A chief assistant, 
A receiver of taxes, 
A keeper of the records, 
A receiver of requests, 

Secretaries and other cohortalini^ who are not allowed to 
pass to another service without a warrant from the im- 
perial clemency. 
All the other consulars have a staff similar to that of the con- 
sular of Palestine. 

XLIV. 

THE PRESIDENT OF THEBAIS. 

Under the control of the right honorable president of Thebais: 

The province of Thebais. 
The staff is as follows: 

[Precisely as in preceding section.] 
All the other presidents have a staff similar to that of the presi- 
dent of Thebais. 



REGISTER OF THE DIGNITARIES, BOTH CIVII, AND MIUTARY, IN THB 
DISTRICTS OF THE WEST. 

The pretorian prefect of Italy. 
The pretorian prefect of the Gauls. 
The prefect of the city of Rome. 
The master of foot in the presence. 
The master of horse in the presence. 
The master of horse in the Gauls. 
The provost of the sacred bedchamber. 
The master of the offices. 
The quaestor. 

The count of the sacred bounties. 
The count of the private domains. 
The count of the household horse. 

' The lower members of staffs of officials of lesser dij^uily were called 
cohorialini ; tbose altaclied to tbe bigher staffs apparitor es; those in the 
staffs of the great palace functionaries, palatini. The cohorialini formed an 
hereditary caste from which escape was very difficult. 



REGISTER OP DIGNITARIES. 21 

The oouat of the household foot. 

The superintendent of the sacred bedchamber. 

The chief of the notaries. 

The castellan of the sacred palace. 

The masters of bureaus: 

of memorials; of correspondence; of requests. 
The proconsul of Africa. 
Sis vicars: 

of the city of Rome; of Italy; of Africa; of the Spains; of 
the Seven Provinces; of the Britains. 
Sis military counts: 

of Italy; of Africa; of Tingitania; of the tractus Argentora- 
tensis; of the Britains; of the Saxon shore of Britain. 
Thirteen dukes: 

of the frontier of Mauritania Csesariensis; of the Tripolitan 
frontier; of Pannonia prima and ripuarian Noncum; of 
Pannonia secunda; of ripuarian Valeria; of R^tia prima 
and secunda; of Sequanica; of the Armorican and Nervi- 
can tract; of Belgica secunda; of Germania prima; of 
Britannia; of Mogontiacensis. 
Twenty-two consulars; 
of Pannonia; 
in Italy eight: 

of Venetia and Histria; of Emilia; of Liguria; of 
Flaminia and Picenum annonarium; of Tuscia and 
Umbria; of Picenum suburbicarium; of Campania; 
of Sicilia. 
in Africa two: 

ofByzacium; ofNumidia. 
in the Spains three: 

ofBsetica; of Lusitania; ofCallaecia. 
in the Gauls six: 

of Viennensis; of Lugdunensis prima; of Germania 
prima; of Germania secunda; of Belgica prima; of 
Belgica secunda. 
in the Britains two: 

of Maxima Cassariensis; of Valentia. 
Three correctors: 
in Italy two: 

of Apulia and Calabria; of Lucania and Brittii. 



22 TRANSLATIONS AND REPRINTS. 

in Pannonia one: 
of Savia. 
Thirty-one presidents: 
in Illyricum four: 

of Dalmatia; of Pannonia prima; of Mediterranean 
Noricum; of ripuarian Noricum. 
in Italy seven: 

of the Cottiau Alps; of Rsetia prima; of Rsetia secunda; 
ofSamnium; of Valeria; of Sardinia; of Corsica. 
in Africa two: 

of Mauritania Sitifensis; of Tripolitana. 
in the Spains four: 

of Tarraconensis; of Carthaginensis; of Tingitania; of 
the Balearic Isles, 
in the Gauls eleven: 

of the maritime Alps; of the Pennine and Graian Alps; 
of Maxima Sequanorum; of Aquitanica prima; of 
Aquitanica seeunda; of Novempopulana; of Narbo- 
nensis prima; of Narboneusis secunda; of Lugdu- 
nensis secunda; of Lugdunensis tertia; of I^ugdu- 
nensis Senonica. 
in the Britains three: 

of Britannia prima; of Britannia secunda; of Flavia 
Csesariensis. 



THE PRETORIAN PREFECT OF 1TAI,Y. 

Under the control of the illustrious pretorian prefect of Italy 
are the dioceses mentioned below: 
Italy; Illyricum; Africa. 
Provinces: 

of Italy seventeen: 

Venetia; j^milia; lyiguria; Flaminia and Picenum 
annonarium; Tuscia and Umbria; Picenum suburbi- 
carium; Campania; Sicily; Apulia and Calabria; 
Lucania and Brittii; the Cottian Alps; Rsetia prima; 
Rsetia secunda; Samnium; Valeria; Sardinia; Corsica, 
of Illyricum six: 

Pannonia secunda; Savia; Dalmatia; Pannonia prima; 
Mediterranean Noricum; ripuarian Noricum. 



REGISTER OF DIGNITARIES. 23 

of Africa seven: 

Byzacium; Numidia; Mauritania Sitifensis; Mauritania 

Cassariensis; Tripolis. 
The prefect of the grain tribute of Africa; the prefect 
of the patrimonial estates. 
The staff of the illustrious pretorian prefect of Italy: 
A chief of staff, 
A chief deputy, 
A chief assistant, 
A custodian, 
A keeper of the records, 
Receivers of taxes. 
Assistants, 

A curator ofcorrespondence, 
A registrar. 
Secretaries, 
Aids, 
Notaries. 

III. 

THE PRETORIAN PREFECT OF THE GAULS. 

Under the control of the illustrious pretorian prefect of the 
Gauls are the dioceses mentioned below: 

The Spains; the Seven Provinces; the Britains. 
Provinces: 

of the Spains seven: 

Bastica; Lusitania; Callaecia; Tarraconensis; Cartha- 
ginensis; Tingitania; the Balearic Isles, 
of the Seven Provinces seventeen:' 

Viennensis; Lugdunensis prima; Germania prima; 
Germania secunda; Belgica prima; Belgica secunda; 
the Maritime Alps; the Pennine and Graian Alps; 
Maxima Sequanorum; Aquitania prima; Aquitania 
secunda; Novempopuli; Narbonensis prima; Nar- 
bonensis secunda; Lugdunensis secunda; Lugdu- 
nensis tertia; Lugdunensis Senonia. 

' See Bury's Gibbon, Vol. II, App. 11, for the anomaly of seventeen prov- 
inces ranged under the title. The Seven Provinces. Subdivision and addi- 
tion had caused what was originally the diocese of The Five Provinces to 
include the seventeen here named. 



24 TRANSLATIONS AND REPRINTS. 

of the Britains five: 

Maxima Csesariensis; Valentia; Britannia prima; Bri- 
tannia secunda; Flauia Csesariensis, 
The staff of the illustrious pretorian prefect of the Gauls: 

[precisely the same as that of the pretorian prefect of the 
East, p. 5.] 

IV. 

THE PREFECT OE THE CITY OE ROME. 

Under the control of the illustrious prefect of the city of Rome 
are held the administrative positions mentioned below: 
The prefect of the grain supply. 
The prefect of the watch, 
The count of the aqueducts, 
The count of the banks and bed of the Tiber, and of the 

sewers. 
The count of the port, 
The master of the census. 
The collector of the wine-tax. 
The tribune of the swine-market. 
The consular of the water-supply, 
The curator of the chief works, 
The curator of public works, 
The curator of statues, 
The curator of the Galban granaries, 
The centenarian of the port,' 
The tribune of art works (?). 
The staff of the illustrious prefect of the citj'^: 
A chief of staff, 
A chief deputy, 
A chief assistant, 
A custodian, 
A keeper of the records. 
Receivers of taxes, 
A chief clerk (or receiver). 
Assistants, 
A curator of correspondence, 

' The functions of this officer and the next one cannot be accurately deter- 
mined, and the translation is uncertain in the latter case, tribunus rerum 
nitentium. 



REGISTER OF DIGNITARIES. 25 



A registrar, 

Secretaries, 

Aids, 

Clerks of the census, 

Ushers, 

Notaries. 



THE MASTER OF FOOT IN THE PRESENCE. 

Under the control of the illustrious master of foot in the pres- 
ence: 

The counts of the frontiers mentioned below: 

Italy; Africa; Tingitauia; Tractus Argentoratensis; 
the Britaius; the Saxon shore toward the Britains. 

The ten dukes of the frontiers mentioned below: 

Mauretania Caesariensis; Tripolitanus; Pannonia se- 
cunda; ripuarian Valeria; Pannonia prima and ripu- 
arian Noricum; Rsetia prima and secunda; Belgica 
secunda; Germania prima; the Britains; Mogontia- 
censis. 

[Twelve palatine legions,* 

Sixty-five palatine auxilia, 

Thirty-two legions of the line. 

Eighteen legions of the secondary line.] 
The staflF of the aforesaid master of foot in the presence: 

A chief of staff,* 

An accountant, 

A custodian, 

A chief assistant, 

A registrar, 

Secretaries and other attendants. 

VI ,-. 

THE MASTER OF HORSE IN THE PRESENCE. 

Under the control of the illustrious count and master of horse 
in the presence: 

[Ten palatine squadrons,* 
Thirty-two squadrons of the line.] 

* Enumeration omitted. 



26 TRANSLATIONS AND REPRINTS. 

The staff of the aforesaid master's office; 
A chief of staff, 
An accountant, 
A chief clerk, 
A custodian, 
A chief assistant, 
A registrar, 
Secretaries and other attendants. 



VII. 

DISTRIBUTION OF THE FORCES ABOVE NAMED AMONG THE VARIOUS 
PROVINCES. 

In Italy; 

[Seven palatine legions,* 

Tu'enty palatine auxilia, 

Five legions of the line, 

Tvi^o legions of the secondary line, 

Two unclassified bodies.] 
In Illyricum vi^ith the worshipful count of Illyricum: 

[Thirteen palatine auxilia,'^ 

Five legions of the line, 

Three legions of the secondary line, 

One unclassified body.] 
In the Gauls with the illustrious master of horse in the 
Gauls: 

[Fifteen palatine auxilia,'^ 

One palatine legion. 

Ten legions of the line, 

Ten legions of the secondary line, 

Twelve unclassified bodies.] 
The staff of the illustrious master of horse in the Gauls: 

A chief from the staffs of the masters of soldiery in the 
presence, in one year from that of the master of foot, and 
in the next from that of the master of horse. 
A custodian, 

Accountants from the two staffs in alternate years, 
A chief assistant, 
A registrar, 

* Euuineration omitted. 



REGISTER OF DIGNITARIES. 2/ 

Secretaries and other attendants. 

In the Spains with the worshipful count: 

[Eleven palatine auxilia,^ 

Five legions of the line.] 
In Tingitania with the worshipful count: 

[Two palatine auxilia,'^ 

Two legions of the line.] 
In Africa with the worshipful count of Africa: 

[Three palatine legions,* 

One palatine auxilium. 

Seven legions of the line.] 
In the Britains with the worshipful count of the Britains: 

[One palatine auxilium^^ 

One legion of the line, 

One unclassified body.] 
Also squadrons of cavalry: 
In Italy: 

[Six palatine,* 

One of the line.] 
In the Gauls with the illustrious count and master of horse 
in the Gauls: 

[Four palatine,* ■' 

Eight of the line.] 
In Africa with the worshipful count of Africa: 

[Nineteen of the line.] * 
In Britain with the worshipful count of the Britains: 

[Three of the line,* 

Two unclassified.] 
In Tingitania with the worshipful count of Tingitania: 

[Three of the line.] * 

VIII. 

THE PROVOST OP THE SACRED BEDCHAMBER. 

[The text relating to the provost of the sacred bedchamber is 
wanting.] 

* Enumeration omitted. 



28 



TRANSLATIONS AND REPRINTS. 

IX.' 
INSIGNIA OF THE ILLUSTRIOUS MASTER OF THE OFFICES. 




Under the control of the illustrious master of the offices: 
The first school of shield-bearers, 
The second school of shield-bearers, 
The senior light-armed school. 
The school of senior gentiles. 
The third school of shield-bearers. 

The school of confidential agents and those assigned from 
that school, 

* Typical insignia, showing the table v?ith the book of mandates, orna- 
mented with the imperial portraits, and below the types of arms and accou- 
trements made in the various arsenals under the control of the master of the 
offices. 



REGISTER OF DIGNITARIES. 29 

The bureau of memorials, 
The bureau of assignments, 
The bureau of correspondence, 
The bureau of requests, 
The doorkeepers. 
The court ushers {cancellarii^. 
The arsenals mentioned below: 
In Illyricum: 

of shields, saddle-cloths and weapons, at Sirmium, 

of shields, at Acincum, 

of shields, at Carnuntum, 

of shields, at Lauriacum, 

of weapons, at Salona. 
In Italy: 

of arrows, at Concordia, 

of shields and weapons, at Verona, 

of leather corselets, at Mantua, 

of shields, at Cremona, 

of bows, at Ticiuum, 

of broadswords, at Luca. 
In the Gauls: 

of all weapons, at Argenton, 

of arrows, at Macon, 

of leather corselets, ballistcB, and mail, at Autun, 

of shields, at Autun, 

of , at Soissons, 

of broadswords, at Rheims, 

of shields, at Trier, 

of ballistcz, at Trier, 

of broadswords and shields, at Amiens, 
The staff of the aforesaid illustrious master of the offices is con- 
stituted from the school of confidential agents in this manner: 
A chief assistant, 
A deputy of the chief assistant, 
Assistants for the various arsenals. 
An inspector of the public post in the presence, 
Inspectors for all the provinces, 
Interpreters for all peoples. 



so TRANSLATIONS AND REPRINTS. 

X. 

THE QUAESTOR 

Under the control of the illustrious quaestor: 

The formulation of laws, 

The formulation of petitions. 
He has,subordinate clerical assistants from the various bureaus. 

XL 

THE COUNT OF THE SACRED BOUNTIES. 

Under the control of the illustrious count of the sacred bounties: 
The count of the bounties in Illyricum, 
The count of the wardrobe, 
The count of gold. 
The count of the Italian bounties. 
Accountants: 

The accountant of the general taxof Pannonia secunda, 

Dalmatia and Savia, 
The accountant of the general tax of Pannonia prima, 

Valeria, Mediterranean and ripuarian Noricum, 
The accountant of the general tax of Italy, 
The accountant of the general tax of the city of Rome, 
The accountant of the general tax of the Three Prov- 
inces, that is, of Sicily, Sardinia and Corsica, 
The accountant of the general tax of Africa, 
The accountant of the general tax of Numidia, 
The accountant of the general tax of Spain, 
The accountant of the general tax of the Five Prov- 
inces, 
The accountant of the general tax of the Gauls, 
The accountant of the general tax of the Britains. 
Provosts of the storehouses: 
In Illyricum: 

The provost of the storehouses at Salona in Dal- 
matia, 
The provost of the storehouses at Siscia in Savia, 
The provost of the storehouses at Savaria in Pan- 
nonia prima. 
In Italy: 

The provost of the storehouses at Aquileia in 
Venetia, 



REGISTER OP DIGNITARIES. 3 1 

The provost of the storehouses at Milan in Liguria, 
The provost of the storehouses of the city of Rome, 
The provost of the storehouses at Augsburg in 
Rsetia secunda. 
In the Gauls: 

The provost of the storehouses at Lyons, 
The provost of the storehouses at Aries, 
The provost of the storehouses at Rheims, 
The provost of the storehouses at Trier, 
In the Britains: 

The provost of the storehouses at London. 
Procurators of the mints: 

The procurator of the mint at Siscia, 
The procurator of the mint at Aquileia, 
The procurator of the mint in the city of Rome, 
The procurator of the mint at Lyons, 
The procurator of the mint at Aries, 
The procurator of the mint at Trier. 
Procurators of the weaving-houses: 

The procurator of the weaving-house at Bassiana, in 

Pannonia secunda — removed from Salona, 
The procurator of the weaving-house at Sirmium in 

Pannonia secunda, 
The procurator of the Jovian weaving-house at Spalato 

in Dalmatia, 
The procurator of the weaving-house at Aquileia in 

Venetia inferior, 
The procurator of the weaving-house at Milan in 

Liguria, 
The procurator of the weaving-house in the city of 

Rome, 
The procurator of the weaving-house at Canosa and 

Venosa in Apulia, 
The procurator of the weaving-house at Carthage in 

Africa, 
The procurator of the weaving-house at Aries in the 

province of Vienne, 
The procurator of the weaving-house at Lyons, 
The procurator of the weaving-house at Rheims in 
Belgica secunda, 



32 TRANSLATIONS AND REPRINTS. 

The procurator of the weaving-house at Tourney in 
Belgica secunda, 

The procurator of the weaving-house at Trier in Bel- 
gica secunda, 

The proc^urator of the weaving-house at Autun — re- 
moved from Metz, 

The procurator of the weaving-house at Winchester in 
Britain. 
Procurators of the linen-weaving houses: 

The procurator of the linen- weaving house at Vienne, 
in the Gauls, 

The procurator of the linen-weaving house at Ravenna 
in Italy. 
Procurators of the dye-houses: 

The procurator of the dye-house at Tarentum in Cala- 
bria, 

The procurator of the dye-house at Salona in Dalmatia, 

The procurator of the dye-house at Cissa in Venetia 
and Istria, 

The procurator of the dye-house at Syracuse in Sicily, 

The procurator of the dye-houses in Africa, 

The procurator of the dye-house at Girba, in the prov- 
ince of Tripolis, 

The procurator of the dye-house in the Balearic Isles 
in Spain, 

The procurator of the dye-house at Toulon in the Gauls, 

The procurator of the dye-house at Narbonne, 
Procurators of the embroiderers in gold and silver: 

The procurator of the embroiderers in gold and silver 
at Aries, 

The procurator of the embroiderers in gold and silver 
at Rheims, 

The procurator of the embroiderers in gold and silver 
at Trier, 
Procurators of the goods despatch: 

For the Eastern traffic: 

The provost of the first Eastern despatch, and the 

fourth [return], 
The provost of the second Eastern despatch, and 
the third [return], 



REGISTER OF DIGNITARIES. 33 

The provost of the second [return] despatch, and 

the third from the East, 
The provost of the first [return] despatch, and the 
fourth from the East. 
For the traffic with the Gauls: 

The provost of the first Gallic despatch, and the 
fourth [return]. 
The counts of the markets in Illyricum. 
The staff of the aforesaid illustrious count of the sacred boun- 
ties includes: 

A chief clerk of the whole staff, 

A chief clerk of the bureau of fixed taxes, 

A chief clerk of the bureau of records, 

A chief clerk of the bureau of accounts, 

A chief clerk of the bureau of gold bullion, 

A chief clerk of the bureau of gold for shipment, 

A chief clerk of the bureau of the sacred wardrobe, 

A chief clerk of the bureau of silver, 

A chief clerk of the bureau oi miliarensia, 

A chief clerk of the bureau of coinage, and other clerks, 

A deputy chief clerk of the staff, who is chief clerk of the 

secretaries, 
A sub- deputy chief clerk who has charge of the goo4s 
despatch. 

XII. 

THE COUNT OF THE PRIVATE DOMAIN. 

Under the control of the illustrious count of the private domain: 
The count of the private bounties, 
The count of the Gildonian patrimony,^ 
The accountant of the private properties in Illyricum. 
The accountant of the private properties in Italy,^ 
The accountant of the private property in Italy, 

* Gildo was a Moor who had served the Romans against his rebellious 
brother in Africa, and been entrusted by them with a liigh position. But 
he in turn rebelled, and was killed in battle in 398. His forfeited estates 
formed the Gildonian patrimony. See Gibbon, Chap. XXIX. 

' The difference between an accountant of the private property in Italy 
and one of the private properties (plural) is not understood. It may be a 
textual error. 



34 TRANSLATIONS AND REPRINTS. 

The accountant of the private property in the city of Rome, 
and the suburbicarian regions, and the estate of Faustina, 
The accountant of the private property in Sicily, 
The accountant of the private property in Africa, 
The accountant of the private property in the Spains, 
The accountant of the private property in the Gauls, 
The accountant of the private property in the Five Prov- 
inces, 
The accountant of the private property in the imperial 

estates in Africa, 
The procurator of the private property in Sicily, 
The procurator of the private property in Apulia and Cala- 
bria and the pastures of Carmignano, 
The provost of the private property in Sequanicum and 

Gerraania prima, 
The procurator of the private property in Dalmatia, 
The procurator of the private property in Savia, 
The procurator of the private property in Italy, 
The procurator of the private property in the estates of 

Julian in the urbicarian regions, 
The procurator of the private property in Mauritania Siti- 

fensis, 
The procurator of the private property in the weaving- 
houses at Trier, 
The procurator of the weaving-house at Viviers, rei privata 

Metii translata anhelat^^ 
The provost of the private baggage-despatch to the East 

by the lower route,* 
The provost of the private baggage-despatch to the Gauls. 
The staff of the aforesaid count of the private domain includes: 
A chief clerk of the whole staff, 
A head of the bureau of remitted taxes, 
A head of the bureau of the fixed taxes, 
A head of the bureau of receipts, 

A head of the bureau of private bounties, clerks and other 
attaches of the aforesaid bureaus, 

*The text is evidently corrupt, and yields no sense. 
',By the sea? 



REGISTER OP DIGNITARIES, 35 

A deputy chief clerk of the whole staff, who has charge of 

the documents of the staff, 
Other palatine officials. 

XIII. 

tn^ COUNT. OF THE HOUSEHOI,I> HORSE. THE COUNT OP THE H0USEH0I,D 

FOOT. 

Under the control of the illustrious counts of the household 
horse and foot: 

The household horse, 
The household foot. 
Those assigned from these. 

XIV. 

THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE SACRED BEDCHAMBER. 

Under the control of worshipful superintendent of the sacred 
bedchamber: 

[The text is wanting.] 

XV. 

THE CASTEI.I.AN OF THE SACRED PALACE. 

Under the control of the worshipful castellan: 

[The same as in the similar office in the East, No. XVII, 
save that here we have "the lady Augusta" in the sin- 
gular.] 

XVI. 

THE CHIEF OF THE NOTARIES. 

Under the control of the worshipful chief of the notaries: 
[The same as in No. XVIII, above.] 

XVI I. 
THE MASTERS OF THE BUREAUS. 

The master of the bureau of memorials formulates all rescripts 
and issues them, and also responds to petitions. 

The master of the bureau of correspondence deals with legations 
from' cities and consultations and petitions. 

The master of the bureau of requests deals with the hearing of 
cases and petitions. 



$6 TRANSLATIONS AND REPRINTS. 

XVIII. 
THE PROCONSUI, OF AFRICA. 

Under the control of the worshipful proconsul of Africa: 

The proconsular province and its two legates. 
His staff is as follows: 

A chief of staff from the school of confidential agents of 
the first class, 

A chief deputy, 

Two receivers of taxes, 

A chief clerk, 

A custodian, 

A chief assistant, 

A keeper of the records, 

Assistants, 

Secretaries, 

Notaries, and the rest of the staff. 

XIX. 

THE VICAR OF THE CITY OF SOMiS. 

Under the control of the worshipful vicar of the city of Rome 
are the provinces mentioned below: 
Consulars: 

of Campania, 
of Tuscany and Umbria, 
of s.uburbicarian Picenum, 
of Sicily. 
Correctors: 

of Apulia and Calabria, 
of Bruttii and Lucania. 
Presidents: 

of Samnium, 
of Sardinia, 
of Corsica, 
of Valeria. 
The staff of the aforesaid worshipful vicar is as follows: 

[Same as in the preceding section, with the addition of a 
curator of correspondence.] 



REGISTJSR OF DIGNITARIES. 37 

xxn. 

THE VICAR OF THE SEVEN PROVINCES. 

tJnder the control of the worshipful vicar of the Seven*.Provinces: 
Cousulars: 

of Vienne, 

of Lyons, 

of Gerraania prima, 

of Germania secunda, 

of Belgica prima, 

of Belgica secunda. 
Presidents: 

of the Maritime Alps, 

of the Pennine and Graiari Alps, 

of Maxima Sequanorum, 

of Aquitanica prima, 

of Aquitanica secunda, 

of Novem populi, 

of Narbonensis prima, 

of Narbonensis secunda, 

of Lugdunensis secunda, 

of lyUgdunensis tertia, 

of lyUgdunensis Senonia. 
The stafFof the aforesaid worshipful vicar of the Seven Provinces: 
[The same as in No. XIX.] 

XXIII. 

THE VICAR OF THE BRITAINS. 

Under the control of the worshipful vicar of the Britains: 
Consulars: 

of Maxima Caesariensis, 

of Valentia. 
Presidents: 

of Britannia prima, 

of Britannia secunda, 

of Flavia Caesariensis, 
The staff of the same worshipful vicar is as follows: 
[The same as in No. XIX.] 



38 TRANSI^ATIONS AND REPRINTS. 

XXVI. 
THE COUNT OF TINGITANIA. 

Under the control of the worshipful count of Tingitania: 
Borderers: 

[One prefect of a squadron, and seven tribunes of 
cohorts.]* 
The staff of the same worshipful count is as follows: 

A chief of staff from the staffs of the masters of the soldiery 
in the presence; one year from that of the master of foot, 
the other from that of the master of horse. 
A custodian as above, 

Two accountants, in alternate years from the aforesaid staffs, 
A chief deputy, 
A chief assistant, 
An assistant, 
A registrar, 
Secretaries, 
Notaries and other officials. 

XXXVII. 
THE DTJKE OF THE ARMORICAN TRACT. 

Under the control of the worshipful duke of the Armorican and 
Nervican tract: 

[One tribune of a cohort and nine military prefects.]* 
The Armorican and Nervican tract is extended to include the 
Five Provinces: 

Aquitanica prima and secunda, Lugdunensis Senonia, 
secunda and tertia. 
The staff of the same worshipful duke includes: 

A chief of staff from the staffs of the masters of soldiery ia 

the presence in alternate years, 
An accountant from the staff of the master of foot for one 

year, 
A custodian from the aforesaid staffs in alternate years. 
A chief assistant; 
An assistant, 
A registrar. 
Secretaries, 
Notaries and other oflScials. 

* Enumeration omitted. 



REGISTER OF DIGNITARIES. 39 

XLiri. 

the; consular of campania. 

Under the control of the right honorable consular of Campania: 

The province of Campania. 
His staff is as follows: 

A chief of staff from the staff of the pretorian prefect of 

Italy, 
A chief deputy, 
Two accountants, 
A chief assistant, 
A custodian, 
A keeper of the records, 
An assistant. 

Secretaries and other cohortalmi^ who are not allowed to 
pass to another service without the permission of the im- 
perial clemency. 
All the other consulars have a staff like that of the consular oi 
Campania. 

XI^IV. 

THE CORRECTOR OP APUI.IA AND CALABRIA. 

Under the jurisdiction of the right honorable corrector of 
Apulia and Calabria: 

The province of Apulia and Calabria. 
His staff is as follows: 

A chief of the same staff, 
A chief deputy, 
Two accountants, 
A custodian, 
A chief assistant, 
A keeper of the records. 
An assistant. 

Secretaries and other cohortalini, who are not allowed to 
pass to another service without the permission of the im- 
perial clemency. 
The other correctors have a staff like that of the corrector of 
Apulia and Calabria. 



40 TRA1«4»1,ATI0NS AND REPRINTS. 

XLV. 
THE PRESIDENT OF DALMATIA. 

Under the jurisdiction of the honorable' president of Dalroatia; 

The province &i Dalmatia. 
His staff is as follows. 

[The same as in >iiO XLIV.] 
The other presidents have a staff Hke that of the president of 
Dalmatia 



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