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FROM THS FUND OF 



CHARLES MINOT 

ClM* of 1888 




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VOL. LI. 



THE CARTULARY 

OF THE 

ABBEY OF EYNSHAM 



OXFORD 

HORACE HART, PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY 




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EYNSHAM CARTULARY 



EDITED BY THE 

REV. H. E. SALTER, M.A. 

NEW COLLEGE, OXFORD 

WITH THREE ILLUSTRATIONS 



VOL. II 



PRINTED FOR THE OXFORD HISTORICAL SOCIETY 
AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 

1908 






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PREFACE 

I 

In the preface to the previous volume a list was given of the abbots 
of Eynsham with their dates ; it can now be made more accurate in four 
details. First, we can extend the rule of Abbot Thomas Bradingstock 
as late as October 20, 14 13, by means of a deed preserved at Lincoln 
College (see ii. 198). Next, the date of the death of Thomas Oxin- 
ford and of the election of his successor John Quenington is fixed 
by an entry in a computus roll of Michaelmas, 1441 (Harleian Roll 
F. 13) where it is stated that a certain tenement had paid no rent 
during one quarter of the year, because Thomas Oxinford, late 
abbot, had promised that it should be free of rent as long as he 
lived, and that for the first quarter of the year he was alive; he 
must therefore have died between December 21, 1440, and March 25, 
1 4 41. Thirdly, the interval between 1483 and 1499 can now be 
nearly bridged ; for an acquittance by William Walwayn, preserved 
at Lincohi College (see iu 208 note)^ proves that he was alive on 
September 29, 1493 ; while a roU,^ giving the records of courts held at 
Shifford dated by the years of Abbot Miles, enables us to say that his 
term of office began between December 13, 1497, and March 28, 1498. 
Lastly, the date of the resignation of Abbot John, and of the appoint- 
ment of his successor is supplied by an entry in Madox,' which states 
that the abbey of Evesham was in the king's hands from August i, 
1 281, to January 13, 1282. At Evesham there was no vacancy at 
this time, and Madox should have read the name as Enesham. 

A friend has pointed out that the words ' periurus^et dilapidator ', 
used of Abbot Adam (vol. i, p. xix), are probably a hendiadys ; by 
wasting the goods of the monastery he broke the oath he had made 
at his consecration. 

The statement that Abbot Dunstone took part in the consecration 
of Archbishop Parker (vol i, p. xxxii) is not quite correct Although 
the Letters Patent of Royal Assent to the election of Parker were 
addressed to him among others, so that it must have been known 

' Court Rolls, 197.63 (Record Office). ' History oftJu Exchiqtter^ p. 496. 



vi CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

that he was willing to take part in the consecration, he was not 
present at the actual ceremony.* 

II 

This second, and concluding, volume of the Eynsham Cartulary 
consists of three parts : — 

pp. 1-154, the second cartulary of Eynsham preserved at Christ 
Church, Oxford. 

pp. i56-264> * collection of Eynsham records from various sources, 
supplementing the cartularies. 

pp. 255-371, the Vision of the Monk of Eynsham. 

It is a piece of good fortune that so many additional deeds have 
been discovered, especially as some of them throw some light on 
what is often the most obscure part of the history of a monastery, 
its last fifty years. The muniment rooms of New College, Lincoln, 
Queen's, and Exeter have furnished some interesting leases and sales 
to which attention may be drawn. Although long leases w^re for- 
bidden by many bishops, and at one time a limit of five years was 
laid down,* yet we have a lease for eighty years granted in 1536 and 
another for ninety years granted in 1537.' In 1535 there was a still 
more extraordinary case, a lease for ninety years to begin after the 
death of the present tenant.^ 

It may be that some of these favourable leases were granted when 
the monks saw that the confiscation of their property was inmiinent, 
but the accounts of 1539 (ii, pp. 250-4) show that many of them 
date from early in the reign of Henry VIII. They were a feature 
of the Tudor age and were used by the bishop himself, as the 
episcopal registers show ; as a fine was paid at the beginning of such 
leases, they were a means of forestalling the income of posterity. 
Unfortunately it was not the custom to mention in the lease what 
fine was p)aid ; and in the case of monasteries we do not know what 
fund received such fines. Perhaps the most curious of the leases is 
the grant to Richard Gunter in 1534 by which he obtained for ninety- 
nine years all the possessions of the abbey in Oxford, namely, six 
tenements and a garden and quit-rents amounting to 64^. a year, 
in return for which he was to pay to the abbey 26x. 8</. a year." It 
is obvious that to secure such terms he must have paid a fine, but no 
information is given on this point. 

Not only did Eynsham grant these long leases, but in more than 



* ^^^/^r^/Viri^ (Canterbury and 
York Society) pp. 5 and $1. 

* See below, II, p. 19a ^' 



' See pp. 340, 24 1. 

* ib., p. 239. 

* II, pp. 346, 353. 



PREFACE vii 

one case alienated monastic property. Charter 694 shows that the 
abbey was parting with the tithes of Appleton in 1531 ; in 1532 
it gave away a holding in Oxford (see ii, p. 243); in 1534 it sur- 
rendered a pension of £3 from Lincoln College for a lump sum of 
£60; and in 1538 it sold the advowson of Stanton St. John to the 
Bishop of Lincoln.^ When we examine the Valor of 1535 we find 
that many small properties possessed by the monastery at the end 
of the fourteenth century have been lost, but the annual accounts of 
the abbey which survive are not sufficient to show exactly why or 
at what time or for what price they were alienated. 



Ill 

For our knowledge of the abbey of Eynsham and of its histoiy we 
have two sources besides what is printed in this volume. The first 
is a manuscript preserved in the Bodleian Library (Bodl. MS. 435) 
being the rule of the abbey drawn up by a certain John of Wodeaton, 
one of the monks. The manuscript is of the fourteenth century, 
and internal evidence shows that the work cannot have been com- 
posed before 1230. The headings of the chapters are given in 
Dugdale's Monastican, vol. iii, pp. 7-10, but the whole is worth 
printing. It will be found to throw light not on the history of the 
abbey but on its internal arrangements, such as the names of the 
officials of the monastery and their duties, and the course of the daily 
life of the monks of Eynsham. 

The second source, one of special value for what it tells us of the 
extent and management of the prop>erties of the abbey, is supplied 
by a collection of rolls among the Harleian Rolls at the British 
Museum. Of these more than 150 belonged to £}'nsham Abbey. The 
following is a list of them : — 
A. 42. Dated the 26th year (i.e. Michaelmas 26 Hen. VI, 1447). 

The names of the places are lacking but we have here : 

(i) Computus of the farmer of Wick Rissington. 

(2) Computus of the farmer of Little Rollright. 

(3) Computus of the farmers of Mickleton. 

A. 43. Computus of the collector of rents of Brookend, Michaelmas, 

1380- 

B. I. Courts held at Brookend from April 12, 1389, to June 19, 

1438 ; in all 38 courts. 
B. 2. The computus of the collector of rents for Brookend, Michael- 
mas, 1391. 

* See ii, pp. 208, 242. 



viii CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

B. 3. The same for Michaelmas^ 1393. 

B. 4. The same for Michaelmas, 1396. 

B. 5. The same for Michaelmas, 1398. 

B. 6. The same for Michaelmas, 1399. 

B. 7. is 1414. B. 8 is 1413. B. 9 is 1420. B. 10 is 1421. 

B. II. Courts of Brookend from May 30, 1441, to Mar. 25, 1462; 

in all 12 courts. 
B. 12. Courts of Brookend, Dec. 14, 1469, and May 9, 1470. 
B. 13. Courts of Brookend from July i, 1479, ^ ^V^^ '7) ^49^ ' ^^ 

all 9 courts. 
B. 14 (on paper) Court of Brookend, April 10, 1499. 
B. 23. A rental of Charlbury and its hamlets; viz. Charlbury, 

Fawler, Finstock, Tapwell, Cote, and ChadIingtoi\ ; probably 

about the year 13 10. 
B. 24. Computus of the bailiff who had charge of the demesne of 

Charlbury, Sept., 1341. 
B. 25. Computus of rents collected by the bailiff in Fawler, Finstock, 

and Charlbury for the quarter from June 11 to Oct. 6, 1350. 

and also the perquisites of the courts. 
B. 26. Computus of John Wrench, bailiff of Charlbury, for the year 

ending Sept. 29, 1354, giving the accounts of the demesne farm, 

and mentioning among his expenses the entertainment of the 

servants of the Bishop of Lincoln who was on his visitation. 
B. 27. A similar computus of John Cubbul, reeve of Charlbury; 

Sept. 29, 1355. 
B. 28. Computus of John Carpenter, bailiff of Charlbury, for the 

year ending July 7, 1365. 
B. 29. Computus of John Cubbyll, who collected assize rents of 

Charlbury and assart rents of Charlbury and Spellesbnry; 

Sept., 1367. 
B. 30. Computus of John Carpenter, bailiff of Charlbury, Sept, 

B. 31. Computus of John Swayne, who collected assize rents of 

Charlbury, Chadlington, and Cote, and assart rents of Charlbury 

andSpellesbury; Sept. 29, 1373. 
B. 32. Computus of John Sclater, reeve of Charlbury, for ten months 

ending Sept 29, 1373. 
B. 33. Computus of the beadle of Charlbury, giving the perquisites 

of the courts and the profits of the woods, for the year ending 

Sept 29, 1373. 
B. 34. Computus of the bailiff of Charlbury, giving the accounts of 

the demesne farm and of the woods, Sept. 29, 1380. 



PREFACE ix 

B. 35. (i) Computus of John Baldok, who collected assize rents of 
Charlbuiy, Cote, Chadlington, Fawler, and Finstock, and assart 
rents of Charlbuiy, Fawler, Finstock, Stonesfield and Spellesbury ; 
Sept. 29, 1394. 
(2) Computus of William Pomeray, beadle of Charlbury, giving the 
profits of the courts and of the woods ; Sept. 29, 1394. 

B. 36. Computus of the collector of rents in Charlbury and its 
hamlets; Sept 29, 1391. 

B. 37. Computus of William Pomeray, beadle of Charlbury ; Sept, 
29, 1396. 

B. 38. Computus of William Baugh, collector of assize rents of 
Charlbury, Cote, Chadlington, Fawler, Finstock, and of assart 
rents from Charlbury, Fawler, Finstock, Stonesfield, and the 
* tenants of Spellesbury and Cote'; Sept. 29, 1409. 

B. 39. Computus of William Pomeray, beadle of Charlbury, of the 
profits of the courts and the woods ; Sept. 29, 141 2. 

B. 40. Another by the same man for the year ending Sept. 29, 1419. 
Among his expenses is fourpence laid upon the abbot because of 
Charlbury Bridge, which he was bound to repair. 

B. 41. (i) Computus of the collector of assize and assart rents in 
Charlbury and its hamlets; Sept. 29, 1426. 
(2) Computus of Snareston, beadle of Charlbury ; Sept. 29, 1426. 

B. 42. (i) Computus of the collector of rents of Charlbury; Sept. 29, 

1431- 

(2) Computus of T^lliam Weller, beadle and woodward ; Sept. 29, 

1431- 

(3) Computus of the bailiff of Charlbury, recording the bushels of 
com received by him for the tithes of Charlbury, Chadllngton, 
Fawler, Finstock, Walecot, Shorthampton, and Chilson with 
Thume ; Sept. 29, 1431. 

C. I. (i) Computus of Richard Asshe, collector of assize rents in 

Charlbury, • the vill of Coote,' « the vill of Fawler,' and ' the vill of 
Finstock', and assart rents in the fields of Charlbury, Fawler, and 
Finstock, and from the tenants of Stonesfield for land assarted in 
the fields and lordship of Charlbury and Fawler, and from assarts 
in the fields of Cote ; including a rent of three barbed arrows 
from the tenants of Charlbury for an acre of land called * Pleyyng 
place', for the year ending June 24, 1448. 
(2) Computus of John Grey, beadle and woodward of Charlbury ; 
June 24, 1448. 
C. 2. (i) Computus of William Downesley, bailiff of the manor of 
Charlbury, who was in charge of the demesne. He also accounts 



Sept. 29, 
1406. 



X CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

for the tithe corn received from Charlbury, and Fawler; June 24, 
1448. 

(2) Computus of Thomas Brynne and William Wrench, farmers of 
the tithe com of Chilson and Thurne; June 24, 1448. 

(3) Computus of William Bekyngham, fanner of the tithe com of 
Pudlicot; June 24, 1448. 

(4) Computus of Thomas Sercheden, farmer of the tithe corn of 
Walecot and Shorthampton ; June 24, 1448. 

C. 3. Computus of William Sheparde, collector of rents in Charlbury 

and its hamlets; Sept. 29, 1528. 
C. 4. A court of George Darcy, knight, for Charlbury, Fawler, and 

Finstock; Sept. i, 1539. 

There are also some rolls of Charlbury at the Record Office, 
Ministers' Accounts, 957. 18-26 : — 

18. Computus of William Pomeray, beadle of Charlbury' 
Computus of William Baugh, collector of rents 
Computus of the bailiflf of Charlbury 

19. Computus of John Maynard, collector of rents ) ^ 
Computus of William Pomeray, beadle i ^^P^' ^^' '^'^• 

20. Computus of the same two officials; Sept. 29, 14 16. 

21. Computus of the same two officials; Sept. 29, 1418. 

22. Computus of John Maynard, collector of rents; Sept. 29, 1419. 

23. Computus of William Pomeray, beadle; Sept. 29, 1420. 

24. Computus of John Martyn, collector of rents; Sept. 29, 1422. 

25. Computus of William Drinkwater, collector of rents 1 Sept. 29, 
Computus of the woodward ' 1442. 

26. Computus of Thomas Pauley, giving the rents, the profits of the 

courts of Charlbury and the tithe corn received from Chilson, 
Thurne, Charlbury, Cote, Chadlington, Shorthampton and 
Walecot; Sept. 29, 1457. 
Harleian Rolls : — 
E. 17. Four courts held in Newland (Nova Tlrra), Eynsham, between 

Michaelmas, 1307, and Hokeday, 1309. 
£. 18. Three courts held in Newland, Monday, Oct. 6 ; Monday, 

Oct 27, 1309, and Monday, June i, 13 10. 
E. 19. Two courts of Newland; Monday, Oct. 5, 1310, and Monday, 

Julys, 131 1. 
E. 20. Three courts of Newland; Monday, Oct. 4, 131 1, Monday, 

Jan. 24, and Monday after Hokeday (April 17), 131 2. 
E. 21. Five courts of Newland ; Monday, Oct i ; Monday, Oct 22, 

1 31 3, Monday after Hokeday (April 29), 131 4, Monday, Sept 30, 

1 314, and Monday after Hokeday (April 14), 131 5. 



PREFACE xi 

E. 22. Four courts of Newland; Monday, Oct. 6, 1315; Monday, 

Mar. 15; Monday, May 3; Monday, Oct. 4, 1316. 
£. 23. Court of Eynsham Manor with view of frankpledge Sat., 

Nov. 17, 1296; and courts on Saturday after the month of 

Easter and Aug. i (Thursday) 1297. 
£. 24. Courts of Eynsham Manor for Saturday, Jan. 25 ; Sat., May 10 ; 

Sat., July 19; Sat, Aug. i; Tuesday, Nov. ii, 1337; and Sat., 

Sept. 26, 1338. 
E. 25. Computus of William Budd, collector of rents in Eynsham for 

the year ending Sept. 29, 1358. 
£. 26. Computus of William Budd, bailiff; Sept. 29, 1360. 
E. 27. (i) Computus of John de Hamme, granarius of Eynsham, 

Sept. 29, 1325.* 

(2) Computus of William Joye, reeve of Eynsham, collector of the 
rents of Eynsham, Tilgarsley, Hanborough, Cassington, and of 
the perquisites of a view of frankpledge and four courts of the 
manor; Sept 29. 

(3) Computus of Henry de Broughton, bailiff of Wick Rissington, 
for nine months ending Sept 29. 

(4) Computus of Hugh le Smyth, collector of rents in Charlbury ; 
Sept 29. 

(5) Computus of the reeve of Charlbury for the half year ending Feb. 2, 
giving the perquisites of the courts and the profits of the demesne. 

(6) Computus of the bailiff of Mickleton, including rents, tithes, 
and profits of the courts. 

(7) Computus of Nicholas de Wythehull, reeve of Rolhright, in 
chaige of the demesne and collector of rents. Sept 29. 

E. 28. Computus of Nicholas, bailiff of the home farm of the abbey, 

for the year ending Sept 29, 1377. 
E. 29. Computus of Henry Scrippe, bailiff of the home farm ; Sept 29, 

1385. 

E. 30. Courts ofNewland for [date illegible]; Monday, Oct i; Monday, 
Oct. 22; Monday, Nov. 12, 1386; Monday after Hokeday; 
Monday, Sept 30, 1387; Monday, April 20; Monday, Oct. 5, 
1388; and Monday after Hokeday, 1389. 

E. 31. The complete account for the year ending Michaelmas, 1390, of 
the receipts and expenditure of the abbey ; printed below. 

E. 32. A rental of Eynsham, of Tilgarsley \iiih Hamstall and Cassing- 
ton, and of Hanborough ; Sept 29, 1389. 

' The date of this roll is the 'ninth 1335 or 153S, bot the second abbot is 
year of Abbot John'; as two abbots generally called 'John de B.' to dis- 
were named John, the date might be tinguish him from nis predecessor. 



xii CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

£• 33* Computus of iht gareniarius of Eynsham for Sept. 29, 1393. 

F. I. Computus of the bailiff of the home farm ; Sept 29, 1394. 

F. 2. Computus of Richard Thrwsteyne, collector of rents in 

Eynsluun, Tilgarsley» Hamstall, Cassington, and Hanborough; 

Sept 29, 1414. 
F. 3. Computus of John Scrippe,bailiflf of the home farm; Sept 29, 1415. 
F. 4. (i) Computusof John Shoort, bailiff of the home farm; Sept 29, 

1404. 

(2) Computus of William Makerell, coUector of rents in Newland. 

(3) Part of a computus of the collector of rents in Eynsham, 
Tilgarsley, &c. ; Sept 29, 1404. 

F. 5. (i) Computus of Edward yi^son^gareniarius; Sept 29, 1406. 

(2) Computus of Thomas Chaundeler, collector of rents in New- 
land; Sept 29, 1406. 

(3) Computus of Robert Tanner, bailiff of the town of Eynsham, 
collector of the perquisites of seven portmotes, held between 
Oct 26 and May 25. 

{4) Computus of Thomas Aleyn, bailiff of Newland, collector of the 
perquisites of two courts held during the year ending Sept 29, 1 406. 

F. 6. (i) Computus of John Busseby, collector of rents in Eynsham, 
Tilgarsley, Hamstall, &c. ; Sept 29, 1406. 
(2) Computus of Walter Attewater, beadle, collector of the perquis- 
ites of six manorial courts, held Oct 26, Jan. 14, Mar. 22, May 3, 
July 28, Sept 17 and a view of frankpledge on Sept 25; collector 
also of hidage, of Peter's Pence, and of the pannage of customary 
tenants as appears on the roll of the court of Poukebrugge. 

F. 7. (i) Computus of RichardThrwsteyne,^<zr«»/anitf'; Sept 29, 1415. 

(2) Computus of William Bromale, collector of rents in Newland ; 
Sept 29, 1415. 

(3) Computus of William Bromale, bailiff of Newland, collector of 
the perquisites of two courts held in Newland. 

(4) Computus of William Barbour, bailiff of the town, collector of 
the perquisites of the courts of Porttnote held Oct i, Nov. 12, 
Dec. 24, Jan. 21, Feb. 25, Mar. 25, Monday after Hokeday, 
May 27, June 17, July i6- 

(5) Computus of Robert Aleyns, beadle, collector of the perquisites 
of six courts of the manor and one view of frankpledge; collector 
also of hidage and Peter's Pence. 

F. 8. A court of Powkebrugge held Nov. 11, 14 17. 
A view of frankpledge held Friday, Sept 26, 1420. 
Courts of the manor of Eynsham held Monday, Oct. 4, 141 7; 
Feb. 21, Monday after Hokeday, July 15, Sept 12, Oct. 3; 



PREFACE xiii 

Dec. 5, 1418, Monday after Hokeday, July 10, Oct. 2, Oct. 23^ 
1 419, Tuesday, Feb. 6; Monday *post dominicum Passionis' 
(March 25), Monday, May 6; Monday after the Feast of Holy 
Trinity, Monday, Nov. 4, 1420; Monday, Jan. 13, Monday after 
Hokeday, and Monday, July 21, 142 1. 

F. 9. Courts of Newland, Monday, Oct. 4, 14 17, the Monday after 
Hokeday and the Monday after Michaelmas, 14 18, the Monday 
after Hokeday, 141 9, Monday, May 6, and the Monday after 
Michaelmas, 1420. 

F. 10. Computus of John Cole, bailiff of the home farm, Sept. 29, 1 4 1 9. 

F. II. Computus of John Brounhale, collector of rents in Eynsham, 
Tilsgarsley, Ac. ; Sept. 29, 1427. 

F. 12. (i) Computus of John Bryd, collector of the rents of Newland, 
which he paid to * Master Walter Sandewyche, general receiver ' 
of the income of the monastery; Sept. 29, 1438. 

(2) Computus of Richard Blakeman, bailiff of the town, collector of 
the perquisites of thirteen courts of Portmote ; Sept. 29, 1 438. 

(3) Computus of John Stokeman, woodward. ' De attachiamentis 
in bosco domini, ut patet in curia tenta ibidem die Lime proxima 
post festum sancti Michaelis ilr. \d, ; et de viii^. de perquisitis 
alterius curie.' 

(4) Computus of John Carpenter, beadle, collector of the perquisites 
of the manorial courts and of ' viWd. being the perquisites of the 
pannage of the pigs of Powkebrege, as in the roll of the court ' ; 
Sept. 29, 1438. 

(5) Computus of Richard Fox, farmer of the Rectory of South 
Newington for the year ending Mar. 25, 1439 ; part of the money 
was paid by him to Master Walter Sandewyche by the hands of 
* John Beek, master of the new college of Lincoln in Oxford '. 

(6) Computus of William Wyntour, collector of the rents of New- 
land; Sept. 29, 1427. 

(7) Computus of John Blakeman, woodward, collector of the per- 
quisites of two courts, probably courts of the manor; Sept 29, 1427. 

(8) Computus of John Vyntenar, bailiff of Newland, collector of 
the perquisites of two courts of Newland ; Sept. 29, 1427. 

(9) Computus of John Hynebest, bailiff of Eynsham town, collector 
of the perquisites of five portmotes held during the year ending 
Sept. 29, 1427. 

F. 13. (i) Computus of John Blakeman, collector of the rents of 
Eynsham, Tilgarsley, &c. Sept. 29, 1441. 
(2) A * visus computi ', or quarterly account, of William Brounhale, 
for the quarter ending Mar. 14, 1442. 



xiv CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

(3) Computus of William Blakeman, bailiff of the portmote, who 
collected the perquisites of fourteen portmotes for the year ending 
Sept. 39, 1 44 1. It is evident that by this time the receiver- 
general was the abbot, not Master Walter Sandwych : a new 
abbot was appointed early in 144 1. 
F. 14. (i) Computus of John Lynby, fisherman, in charge of the 
fishery of the Abbey ; Sept. 29, 1442. 

(2) A list of the expenses of the fishery, e. g. in nets, ' clereweles ' 
* eseweles ' and a * drystewele '. 

(3) A rental of Tilgarsley, giving the names of the fields. 

(4) A rental of demesne land in Eynsham, leased to tenants. 

(5) A schedule giving the names of three to whom William Page, 
woodward, had sold brushwood and * shrud' of oak. 

(6) Computus of Robert Blakeman, collector of rents in Eynsham 
manor, Sept. 29, 1442. 

(7) Computus of John Long <capellanus^ collector of rents in 
Newland; Sept. 29, 1442. 

(8) Computus of William Page, woodward. 

(9) Computus of John Carpenter, beadle, collector of the perquisites 
of four courts of the manor. 

(10) Computus of John Kene, farmer of the lands and tenements in 
Eynsham pertaining to the Almoner ; for which he paid £6 3^. ^d. ; 
Sept. 39, 1442. 

(n) Computus of John Stokeman, bailiff of Newland, collector of 
• the perquisites of two courts of Newland. 

(12) Computus of John Stanley, collector of the perquisites of 16 
portmotes ; Sept. 29, 1442. 
F. 15. Computus of John Webbe, bailiff of the home farm {ballwus 

husbandrie) for the half year ending June 24, 1446. 
F. 16. (i) Computus of John Middeltone, collector of rents in 
Eynsham, Hamstall, Hanborough, Cassington and Wightham, 
for the quarter ending Sept. 29, 1453. 

(2) Computus of Richard Payn, collector of rents from leases in 
Tilgarsley. 

(3) Computus of Richard Payn, ' firmarius piscarie separalis aque 
Thamisie ; ' lor. for this quarter. 

(4) Computus of Richard, Payn ' beadle ' (sic) of the portmote and 
of William Comysshe, beadle of the manor court, for the per- 
quisites of courts held wiihin the quarter. 

(5) Computus of Thomas Dustelyng, woodward, for wood 
sold. 

(6) Computus of Thomas Dustelyng, collector of rents in Newland, 



PREFACE XV 

and of John Stokeman, bailiff of Newland, collector of the per- 
quisites of the court of Newland. 

(7) Computus of Thomas Dustelyng, collector of rents pertaining to 
the Almoner for this quarter. 

(8) Computus of Thomas Robyns, bailiff of the home farm; among 
his expenses was the fetching of wine from Northleach and 
provisions from ' Cambridge and Stourbridge Fair '. 

(9) Computus of Thomas RobynSy grangtd/or (i.e. in charge of the 
bams). 

(10) Computus of John Dog^ii, garen/artus (i.e. in charge of the 
granaries). 

(n) Computus of Thomas Dustelyng, staurartus (i.e. in charge of 
the live stock). 

F. 17. (i) Computus of Thomas Wykes, collector of rents inEynsham, 
Hampstall, Cassington and Wightham ; Sept. 29, 1457. 
(2) Computus of Richard Payn, collector of rents of land let on 
lease in Eynsham and Tilgarsley ; Sept 29, 1457 ; among his ex- 
penses is ' pro cervisia empta in recessu episcopi Lincolniensis ' ; 
probably the bishop had come to enthrone the new abbot. This roll 
is headed ' anno domini Roberti Faryngdon pnmo incipiente '. 

F. 18. Courts of Eynsham Manor held Monday after Michaelmas, 

1458, Monday after Hokeday and Monday after Michaelmas, 

1459, ^^^ Monday after Hokeday, 1460. At these courts a 
homage attended from Hanborough and made presentments apart 
from the homage of Eynsham ; perhaps the inclosures in Til- 
garsley were let to men of Hanborough. 

F. 19. A rental for £3msham, Tilgarsley, Hamstall, Cassington and 
Hanborough ; it is without date, but it is later than 1389 (E. 32) 
and earlier than 1440. It seems to be the rental that was in use 
in 14 1 4 (F. 2), which, as we are there told, was drawn up in 
1406. 

F. 20. A roll of the expenses of the abbey for a year ; imperfect at the 
beginning; undated, but of Michaelmas, 1406 (J>rtnied below). 

F. 21. Eighteen portmote courts held between Monday, May 14, 1453^ 
and Monday, June 3, 1454. 

F. 22. A list of the closes, part of the demesne of Tilgarsley, with the 
names of the tenants and their rents; undated. 

F. 23. A court of Eynsham Manor held May 6, 1476. 

F. 24. Computus of Thomas Dustelyng, bailiff of the home farm; 
Sept. 29, 1443. 

F. 25. (i) Computus of Geoffrey Bryan, bailiff of the portmote and 
beadle of the manor court. He accounts for 2 1^. ^d. from port- 



xvi CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

motes ; but nothing from Puckebrigge court, or the manor court, 
ort he view of frankpledge, for lack of the rolls ; also nothing 
irom Peter's Pence ' quia nullus computans apparuit '. 

(2) Computus of Richard Whithomei woodward. 

(3) Computus of Thomas Wode, collector of rents in Newland, and 
of William West, bailiff of Newland, collector of the perquisites 
of two courts of Newland. 

This roll is undated, but it mentions what took place ' in the sixth 
year' of Edward IV: it is therefore after 1466. 
F. 26. A fragment; perhaps the end of F. 28. 
F. 27. A roll giving the expenses of the monks on clothing ; probably 

Michaelmas, 1404 {printed btUruf). 
F. 28. A roll giving the expenses of the abbey for a year; undated, 

but probably 1470 or 147 1 {printed belcw). 
F. 29. (i) Computus of Thomas Jaye, siaurarius ; about ^ 1454. 

(2) Computus of Thomas Jaye, collector of the rents of the Almoner, 
amounting to £6 ox. 7(/., of which 20s. was for tithe in 'Demford ' 
in Wootton parish. 

(3) Computus of William Aylewyn, farmer of the fishery, for which 
he paid £4 13X. 4^. 

(4) Computus of Thomas Probyn, bailiff of the home farm. 

(5) Computus of William '^oVtl^x^ garentarius. 

F. 30. (i) Computus of Thomas Smyth, collector of the rents of New- 
land; Sept. 29, 1448. 

(2) Computus of Thomas Dawers, bailiff of Newland, collector of 
the perquisites of two courts of Newland; Sept. 29, 1448. 

(3) Computus of Thomas Dustelyng, collector of the rents of the 
' Almoner, amounting to £6 9X. ^d, 

F. 31. Court rolls of the portmote of Eynsham for April 13, May 4, 
May 26, June 15, July 6, July 27, Aug. 17, Sept. 7, 1461. 

F. 32. A court of Eynsham Manor; Sept 30, 1465. 

F. 33. A rental of Eynsham, Tilgarsley, Hampstall, Wightham, and 
Cassington; Sept. 29, 1467. 

F. 34. (i) Computus of Hugh Buelton collector of the rents in 
Eynsham; Sept. 29, 1471. 

(2) Computus of William Bryan, bailiff of Eynsham *burgus', 
collector of the perquisites of portmotes; Sept. 29, 1471. 

(3) Computus of Thomas Shorte, beadle; he collected 56X. 6d. 
as the perquisites of the manor courts, but nothing from ' Pouke- 



1 This roll is undated, bot Thomas Probyn was bailiff of the home farm in 
1453 (F. 16). 



PREFACE xvii 

brigecourts* nor any Peter's Pence 'quia non comparuit ad 
computum'; Sept. 29, 14 71. 

F. 35- Twenty-eight portmotes of Eynsham held between Dec. i8, 

1475 and Aug. 11, 1477. 

G. I. Courts of Eynsham manor; Sept. 30, 1476, and May 5, 1477. 
G. 2. (i) Computus of Henry Doget and John Fellow, who have a 

lease of the manor and tithes of Southstoke with Exslade and 
Woodcot; Sept 29, 1470. 

(2) Computus of William Eyton, collector of rents in Shifford ; Sept. 
29, 1470. It mentions that Richard Boyd, rector of Northmoor, 
was receiver-general of the rents of Eynsham for part of this year. 

(3) Computus of Thomas Pauley for the demesne lands of Charl- 
bury, for the tithes of Charlbury, Finstock, and Fawler, and for 
the rectory of Brizenorton. 

(4) Computus of Richard Kymer, collector of rents in Charlbury. 

(5) Computus of John Strauke, collector of rents in Milcombe, 
including rents from Netherorton and Hempton. 

(6) Computus of John Hamond, who had a lease of the manor of 
LitUe RoUright. 

(7) Computus of William Shephurde, collector of rents in Wood- 
eaton, including rents from Baldon and Milton. 

(8) Computus of Hugh Buelton, supervisor of the woods, and 
Thomas Stanley, woodward of Eynsham. 

(9) Computus of Richard Bray, collector of rents in Newland. 

(10) Computus of Richard Holway, bailiff, collector of the perquisites 
of the courts of Newland. 

(11) Computus of John Mery, beadle, collector of the perquisites 
of the courts of the manor of Eynsham, of the court * called 
Poukebrigecourt ' and of Peter's Pence ; Sept. 29, 1470. 

(12) The computus of Geoffrey Brian, bailiff, collector of the 
perquisites of the portmotes of the ' burgus ' of Eynsham. 

(13) Computus of the staurarius. 

G. 3. Three courts of Eynsham manor for 1477. 

G. 4. Two courts of Newland for the year ending Sept. 29, 1478. 

G. 5. Two courts of Eynsham manor for the year ending Sept 29, 

1479- 
G. 9. Computus of William Glover, collector of rents in Eynsham ; 

Sept 29, 1 46 1. 
G. 7. Computus of Thomas Dustelyng, woodward; Sept 29, 1447. 
G. 8. Computus of William Woodde, bailiff of Newland, collector of 

the rents of Newland and of the perquisites of the court. 
G. 9. (paper) The amercemefits of seven portmotes held between 
n b 



xviii CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Mar. I and Nov. 15, 1518 ; two of them, held May 6 and Oct. 4, 

are called * great portmotes '. 
G. 10. (paper) (i) Computus of Richard Holwey, bailiff of Newland, 

collector of the perquisites of the courts ; probably * 1469. 
(2) Computus of John Bray, collector of the rents of Newland. 
G. II. Computus of Hugh Buelton, supervisor of woods, and Thomas 

Stanley, woodward; Sept. 29, 147 1. 
G. 12. Computus of John Barry, collector of rents in Eynsham ; 

Sept 29, 15 1 8. The rents are recorded as in Eynsham Street, 

Mill Street, Thames Street, and Acre end. 
G. 13. Computus of John Godwin, collector of rents in Eynsham; 

Sept. 29, 1523. 
H. I. Part of a computus for Histon manor and tithes; Sept. 29, 

M4S- 
I. 17. Computus for Milcombe; Sept. 29, 1438. 

18. Computus for Milcombe ; Sept. 29, 1423. 

19. Seven courts held at Milcombe between Feb., 1452, and May, 

1457. 
K. 31. Courts of Little Rollright, held Dec. 14, 1469, and May 9, 

1470. 
K. 32. (i) Computus of John Hamond, farmer, of Little Rollright 

manor; Sept. 29, 1442. 

(2) Computus of Robert Dome, farmer of Wick Rissington. 

(3) Computus of John Faukener, collector of the rents of Brookend ; 
Sept. 29, 1442. 

K' 33* (') Computus of John Hamond, farmer of Little Rolhright; 
probably • 1444. 

(2) Computus of William Deye, farmer of Wick Rissington. 

(3) Computus of Richard Godye, farmer of Fulbrook, Bucks. 

(4) Computus of William Wighton, farmer of Histon. 

(5) Computus of John Shadde, farmer of the rectory of South 
Newington. 

K. 41. Computus of the collector of rents in Shifford, Aston, Cote, 

and Weld; Sept. 29, 1381. 
L. I. A similar computus; Sept. 29, 1392. 
L. 2. Computus of the reeve of Shifford, in charge of the demesne of 

Shifford; Sept. 29, 1396. 
L. 3 (i) Computus of the reeve of Shifford, for the demesne land* 

Sept. 29, 1403. 
(2) Computus of the collector of rents ; Sept. 29, 1403. 

* There is no date, but the rector of gee G. a. 
Northmoor ifvas the receiver-general : ' Perhaps 1443. It is undated. 



PREFACE xix 

L. 4. Two similar computi ; Sept. 29^ 1406. 

L. 5. Computus of the collector of rents of Shiflford ; Sept. 29, 1423. 

L. 6. Computus of the bailiflf of the demesne lands of Shiflford, and of 

the collector of rents; Sept. 29, 1428. 
L. 7. Computus of the farmer, who had a lease of all the rents and 

the demesne lands of Shiflford ; Sept. 29, 1434. 
L. 8. Courts held at Shiflford; Dec. 10, 1434, June 13 and Dec. i, 

1 435) attended by three homages from Shiflford, Aston, and 

Clay-Welde. 
L. 9. Courts held July, 1436, and April, 1437. 
L. 10. Computus of the farmer, who had a lease of the rents and 

lands of Shiflford ; Sept. 29, 1437. 
L. II. Two courts of Shiflford held in the year ending Sept. 29, 

1442. 
L. 12. Two courts; the date of the first is wanting; the second is 

Oct. 20, 1458. 
L. 13. Two courts held in the year ending Sept. 29, 1460. 
L. 14. Two courts held Oct. 10, 1460, and May 27, 1461. 
L. 15. Two courts for the year ending Sept 29, 1474. 
L. 16. A court held May 24, 1524. 
L. 17. A court held May 4, 1525. 
N. 27. Thirty-eight courts of Woodeaton, from June 24, 1441, to 

Oct. 10, 1462. 
O. 20. An inquisition about the repair of the ferry-barge at Shiflford. 

Printed^ vol. ii, pp. 186-9. 
There are also in the Record OflBce the following : — 
Courts Rolls 197. 62. Ten courts of Shiflford held between Oct. 23, 

1481, and April 29, i486. 
Courts Rolls 197. 63. Nineteen courts of Shiflford, from May 31, 1498, 

to Nov. 30, 1 5 10. 
A court of Woodeaton, Dec. 13, igio. 
Courts Rolls 197. 14. (i) Courts of Brookend held April 30 and 

June 30, 1382; Feb. 7, 1385; Sept. 25 and Nov., 1386. 
(2) A court of Rollright, June 30, 1382. 
Ministers' Accoimts 961. 20: — 

(i) Computus of the collector of rents in South Stoke, and of the 

woodward, for the year ending Sept. 29, 1448. 

(2) Computus of Edmund Parson, farmer of the rectory of South 
Newington; Sept 29, 1448. 

(3) Computus of John Folkes, who had a lease of all lands and 
rents in Shiflford; Sept 29, 1448. 

Ministers' Accounts 958. 20. Computus of Thomas Stowe,garenfanus 

b2 



XX CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

of Eynsham, for the year ending Sept. 29, 1356. Among his 

expenses is * %d, at Bristol, searching for fish '. 
Ministers' Accounts 958. 2 1. Computus of William Bromhale, collector 

of rents in Eynsham, Tilgarsley, Hamstall, Cassington, and 

Hanborough; Sept. 29, 14 18. 
Court Rolls 197. 38, Eleven courts of Eynsham manor; one on 

Oct. I, 1473 2ind the others between Oct i, 1481, and April 17, 

i486. 

It is obvious that it would be impossible to print all these rolls, or 
any large portion of them ; and if it were possible, it would not be 
advisable. Court-rolls, rentals, or computus rolls, whether the manor 
belonged to a layman or a monastery, are much the same ; they are 
useful for economic and for local history, but they throw little light 
on the life and history of a monastery. It is true that from such 
records some undertake to prove that as landlords the monks were 
exceptionally lenient, as was generally said of them after they were 
gone, or exceptionally hard, as Bishop Longland said was the case 
with some monasteries* ; but if it is difficult to say of a modem lease 
that it is favourable or unfavourable, — since we require full information 
of the state of the farm-buildings, the nature of the soil and its 
condition,-^it is quite impossible when we come to an ancient lease. 
But there is one point which emerges clearly. During the fifteenth 
and sixteenth centuries the monks ceased more and more to farm 
their own lands or to collect their own tithes. It was found more 
convenient not only by monks but by landowners generally to grant 
leases to resident yeomen or squires ; and although at first leases of 
tithes might not be held by laymen, Papal permission was subsequently 
granted freely. One result was that when the monasteries were 
dissolved and their lands and tithes confiscated, in many localities there 
was no change that would be nodced, as far as the residents were 
concerned ; for some generations the monks had had no connexion 
with their land or their churches, and the man who held them by lease 
before the Dissolution continued to hold them afterwards. 

Such information as the rolls give has been incorporated in the 
following account of the properties of Eynsham, taken in their alpha- 
betical order. 

Appleton, Berks. In 1291 {Taxaiio, p. 186) Eynsham possessed 
tithes in Appleton, of the value of £1 6s, 8^/., but we do not know how 
they were obtained. In 1320 they are described as being tithes from 

^ ' Plus auam secolares ant laid snos firmarios excoriant.* LoDgland*s Register, 
Mem. fol. Oa (in the year 1526). 



PREFACE xxi 

the fee of WiUiam de Merton (vol i. 377); in 1390 thej were paid 
to the abnoner of the abbey (E. 31), but the amount is not given. In 
a computus of Michaelmas, 1448 (F. 30), we learn that the aknoner 
received 1 2 j. from a portion of tithe* in Appleton, leased by him to 
the vicar of Appleton. In 153 1 the abbey had it in mind to part with 
them (vol. ii. 152), and must have carried this out; for four years 
later the Valor makes no mention of them. 

Baldon. At some uncertain date Eynsham was granted the tithe 
of the demesne of Marsh Baldon, and before 1239 had agreed to 
accept in exchange an annual payment from the abbey of Dorchester 
of twelve shillings (i. 2). This was still paid in 1535 {Vaior, i. 210). 

It also held a virgate of land in Marsh Baldon given by Robert de 
la Mare and confirmed by Peter his son (i. 159). In 1254 it was 
worth 6s. Bd. (i. 306), but in 1269 only 5^, (i. 10). In 1279 Robert 
Wymond held this virgate of the abbot at a rent of 6s. Sd, {Hund. 
Rolls, ii 724). In 1390 it is mentioned that the rent was paid to the 
collector of Woodeaton, but the amount is not given (E. 31). The 
holder of this virgate was bound to attend the court of the abbot at 
Woodeaton, and in fact he was a customary tenant under that court. 
In 1443 Walter Daniel attended the court and surrendered a virgate 
in Baldon, and paid a heriot, and in 1445 Robert Renne took it 
according to the custpm of the manor (N. 27). In 1470 it is stated 
that the rent paid (G. 2) was only 5^-, whereas it used to be 6s. Sd. ; 
bat in 1535 either the property had been lost or, as is more probable, 
the rent is included in the return from Woodeaton. 

Bampton Aston, see Shifford. 

Banbury. Eynsham had both temporal and spiritual possessions 
in Banbury. In 1254 it held property in Banbury to the value of 
24X. (vol i, p. 306), and at a somewhat later date it was worth 30^. 
(ib. p. 305). There is no charter which shows how it was obtained. 
In the accounts of 1390 there is an entry which states that the rents 
in Banbury were reckoned with the tithe, and it can be proved that in 
1535 the sum of £10 6^. Sd.y which is entered as the tithe of Banbury 
and Cropredy, included some rents in Banbury {Valor, ii. 210). 

Tithe in Banbury and Cropredy was given to Eynsham in 1094 by 
Bishop Robert Bloet (vol. i, p. 36). A deed of Bishop Alexander 
tells us that it was the tithe of the demesne that was granted, and that 
by his time the demesne had been diminished (ib., p* 41). In 1238 
the abbey renounced all claim to the small tithes, except the tithe of 
wool from the bishop's sheep (ib., p. 168). The tithe is described as 
lying in Banbury and Hardwick, and by the former is not meant the 
town of Banbury, which contained no arable land, but the hamlet of 



xxii CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Calthorp, where the bishop had three canicates in demesne, while at 
Hardwick he had two (Hundred Rolls, ii. 706), In 1254 the tithes 
from Banbury, together with Wickham, were worth £7 (vol. i, p. 307), 
but it is possible that the tithes of Cropredy are included. In 1 291 the 
share of Eynsham in the tithes of Banbury is only £4 {Taxalto, p. 32). 
In 1293 Eynsham promised to be content with the tithe of the de- 
mesne of the bishop in Banbury (vol. i, p. 337). It might be thought 
from this that Eynsham renounced the tithe in Hardwick, but a lease 
of the reign of Queen Elizabeth,* which mentions the share of the late 
monastery of Eynsham in Hardwick of the value of £1 6s. Sd.y shows 
that the abbey only renounced the tithe in Wickham. In 1390 
Eynsham received £7 13X. 4d, from the tithes of Banbury and 
Cropredy, including some rents in both places (Harl. Roll E. 31); in 
1535 the sum was £10 6s. Sd, {Valor, ii. 210), and by combining the 
lease of 1535 (vol. ii. 239) with the return of 1539 ( "• 253) we are 
able to see how this sum was reached. Rent and tithes in Banbury 
and Hardwick were worth £3 6s, 8d., a payment of £1 6s. Sd, was 
made by the rector of Adderbury for tithes in Bodicote, and tithes in 
Cropredy were worth £5 6s. Sd. 

Barton Hartshomey Bucks. A meadow in this manor was 
given to Eynsham about 11 60-1 180 (vol. i. p. no), and the pre- 
sumption is that the property was still retained at the time when the 
cartulary was drawn up ; but we have no trace of it subsequently. 

Barton, Westcot. The church was granted to Eynsham about 
the year 11 90, and before 1200 a pension of half a mark from it was 
confirmed to the abbey by Saint Hugh (vol. i, pp. 46 and 100). The 
payment was still made in 1535 {Valor, iL 211) and 1539 (vol. ii, 

p. 251)- 

Bloxham. Eynsham possessed no property in this parish. The 
entry in the Taxatio (p. 43), which seems to speak of property in 
Bloxham to the value of £3 \os. belonging to Eynsham, must refer to 
Deddington (see below, under Hempton), and the suggestion made 
(vol. i, p. xiy) that Eynsham obtained property in Bloxham, when the 
monastic house in Bloxham wood was granted to it, falls to the ground. 

Bodicote. Before 1239 William Clement gave to Eynsham two- 
thirds of the tithes of six virgates in Bodicote in the parish of 
Adderbury (vol. i, p. 5). They were worth 6s. Sd. in 1269 (ib., 
p. 14), and 6s, in 1291 {Taxalio, p. 31). They were confirmed to the 
abbey in 1320 (vol. i, p. 376) but are not mentioned in the accounts 
of 1390, (E. 31), or in the Valor of 1535. Yet they were still in the 

' Beesley's History of Banbury, p. 616. 



PREFACE xxiii 

possession of the abbey, being leased with the tithes of Banbury (see 
Banbury). In 1597 Queen Elizabeth granted to Henry Stringer 
a lease for twenty-one years of the tithes in Bodicote which belonged 
to the late abbey of Eynsham at a rent of £i 6s. Sd., and in 1609 
they were purchased by New College, which owned the rest of the 
tithes of Adderbury.* 

Brize-norton. Eynsham had both temporal and spiritual pro- 
perty in Brize-norton. About iiyg it obtained two virgates from 
Walkeline Hareng (vol. i, p. 94). It held them about 1200 (ib., p. 40), 
but in 1269 there is mention of only one virgate worth 13J. 4</. a year 
(ib., p. 11). In 1279 the abbey held one virgate {Hundred Rolls, 
ii. 693), The Taxatio assigns to Eynsham no temporal possession 
in Brize-norton, but the accounts of 1360 mention a rent of 2X. 2d, 
from a tenement there (Harl. Roll E. 31). The church was given 
to Eynsham about 11 80 (vol. i, p. 93), and from it a pension of 4X. 
was allowed before 1200 (ib., p. 46). About 1268 the abbey obtained 
the appropriation of the church (ib., p. 245). In 1291 the vicar re- 
ceived £4 13J. 4</., Eynsham £io, and Oseney £2 \os, {Taxatio^ 
p. 32). Subsequently there may have been a re-endowment of the 
vicarage; for in 1535 the vicar's portion was worth £10 {Valor ^ ii, 
pp. 178, 210). In 1390 the tithes payable to Eynsham were sold to 
Thomas Frytewell for £6 13^. J^d. (Harl. Roll E. 31), and in 1470 
Thomas Harryes paid £9 for these tithes, but was allowed 27^. for 
repairs to the rectory, and 4^. 8^. as the cost of four bushels of wheat 
and four bushels of barley distributed to the poor (G. 2). In 1535 
the rectorial tithes were leased for £10 14J. 8^., and the return of 
1539 explains that of this 7j.8</.was due to the archdeacon for pro- 
curations, 7J. to Oseney, and £10 to Eynsham (vol. ii, p. 253). It 
will be obser\'ed that the portion due to Oseney was much smaller 
than in 1291, but, as we learn from Roll F. 14, m 1441 there was 
an adjustment of payments between the two abbeys; rent due from 
Oseney to Eynsham for land in Hanborough and elsewhere was 
cancelled and, in return, the payments due to Oseney frc^i Eynsham 
for tithes in Brize-norton was reduced. 

Brookend, see Chastleton. 

Broughton Foggs. In 1192 Ralf Murdac gave to Eynsham 
a * seam ' of wheat every year (voL i, p. 84) for making hosts [phlaii). 
In 1390 it is described as a quarter of com, being a rent from 
Broughton mill, paid to the sacrist (Harl. Roll E. 31). In 1254 the 
payment from Broughton, including perhaps Lemhill, was 15^. (vol. i, 
P- 306); in 1269 it was 14^. (ib., p. 11). 

^ New Collie Muniments, Adderbnry deeds 27 and 28. 



xxiv CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Bucks. At one time Eynsham had possessions in Barton Harts- 
horne^ Claydon, CublingtoUy and Wolverton^ but by the time that the 
Eynsham Rolls begin the abbey had property only in Fulbrook and 
Turwestan. 

Carswell in Witney, William de Elmel gave to Eynsham two 
virgates of land in Carswell and services from four other virgates 
(vol. i, p. 204). The former property was granted by the abbey to 
John Wawe and his heirs at a rent of 13X. ^d. (vol. ii, p. 147), and in 
1279 it^paid this amount, while the payments from the other virgates 
produced 8f. loj^/. {Hundred Rolls, ii. 704). In 1384 the rent from 
Carswell is stated to be only 21J. ^d. (vol. ii, p. 145), and the accounts 
of 1390 give the same sum, but say that it was withheld from Eynsham 
by the bishop of Winchester, lord of the manor of Witney (Harl. 
Roll £• 31). In 1535 the rent from Carswell was only 13^. 4d. 
( ValoTf ii. 209). 

Cassington. The church was given to Eynsham before 11 23 by 
Geoffrey the Chamberlain, who built it (vol. i, p. 43). About 1198 
the abbey was allowed to appropriate it, a sum of five marks being 
reserved for the vicar (ib., p. 47), but in a short time a more liberal 
vicarage was appointed.^ In the Taxatio of 129 1 the churches of 
Cassington, Yamton, and Eynsham, taken together, are estimated to 
be worth £21 6s» Sd. Two other religious houses had portions of 
tithe in this parish ; the priory of Coggs received two-thirds of the 
tithes of the demesne of the Arsic manor, while Oseney abbey had 
the tithe of one hide in the hamlet of Worton. They were both acquired 
by Eynsham ; for the former an annual payment of ten shillings was 
made to Coggs priory as late as the year 1390 (E. 31) ; for the latter 
two shillings was paid to Oseney (vol. i, p. 63). In 14 15 John 
Hacche, vicar of Cassington, paid to the abbey £136^. Sd. for the 
rectorial tithes of Cassington and Worton (F. 7). In 1535 the abbey 
received £12 is. Sd. and the vicar £12 5^. 6d. {Valor, ii. 183, 210); 
the latter had to pay 5^. 6d. for Casde Ward at Dover, no doubt for 
his two virgates of glebe (vol. i, pp. 43, 92) which were in the Arsic 
manor and therefore liable to the payment of Castle Ward. In 
1539 the return is somewhat fuller (vol. ii, p. 252); it is stated that 
the frill value of the rectory was £12 Ss. 4^., of which £12 is. Sd. 
was in money, and 6s. Sd. in wheat, being a quarter due on Feb. 2 ; 
it also states that the odd 2od. in the annual rent represented a pay- 
ment due from Cassington to Eynsham for the right of sepulture, 
collected apparently for the abbey by him who leased the tithes. 

* Liier Hugonis Wells,, p. 3. 



PREFACE XXV 

Some of the £3mshain rentals record a few rents in Cassington due 
to the abbey, but they diminished in value, and in 1467 were only two 
shillings (F. 23). In 151 9 the sum was 3^. 4^. and was collected wiih 
the rents of the parish of Eynsham (G. 12). 

Caversham. From this manor the abbey received a quitrent 
of two pounds of wax, paid by the canons of Notley Abbey for 
conmion of pasture in the wood of South Stoke (vol. ii, p. 127). In 
1390 the payment was 'twelve pehce as the price of two pounds 
of wax' (£. 31), and about 1530 the amount was the same (vol. ii, 
p. 140); in 1536 it was included in the lease of South Stoke 
(ib., p. 241). 

Chastleton. About 1 152-4 Henry d'Oilly gave four hides of 
land in Chasdeton to Eynsham (vol i, p. 74); two of them were of 
unbroken land (m bruerid) and two are described as in villa Cesiretone, 
words which must mean *• within the cultivated land of Chastleton \ 
In the same charter all the foiu- hides are said to be 'adjacent to 
Chastleton' {apud Cestretonam villam meam), and our records show 
that the land did not consist of detached portions within the fields, 
of Chastleton, but was an outlying part of the parish, known in the 
fourteenth century, and at this day, by the name of Brookend. In 
the court-rolls of Brookend, which survive, the open fields of 
Brookend seem to be distinct from the open fields of Chastleton; 
so that Brookend was not, as was sometimes the case in Oxfordshire, 
a manor, the lands of which were dispersed among the lands of 
another manor. 

In 1086 Aluric held 5f hides of cultivated land in Chastleton, 
and there were at least 4^ hides of waste land, held partly by 
Winchcombe abbey and partly by the bishop of Bayeux. A reference 
to the Hundred Rolls (ii. 729) shows that after 1086 the family of 
d'Oilly obtained not only the holding of Aluric, here as elsewhere 
(see vol. i, p. xxxvi), but also the rest of Chastleton. In the reign of 
Stephen two hides of pasture were still untilled, but by 1279 
{Hundred Rolls, ii. 729) the whole manor was arable and the holding 
of Eynsham consisted of exactly 16 virgates, 12^ being held in 
viUenage and 3^ held freely, the total value being £5 Ss. io|</. 
ayear; in 12 70 it was worth £5 (vol. i, p. 15). In 1329 a carucate of 
land in 'Chastleton Bardulf' held of the abbot of Eynsham at a rent 
of I or. 8^. was given to the abbey by licence of the king (vol. ii, 
p. 221). This is no doubt the land which was held freely in 1279. 

In 1363 Brookend contained 16 virgates, of which fourteen were 
held in villenage, and the value of the property had risen to £6 1 1 j. 2d, 
(see ii, p. 64) ; it is stated that the virgate of the parish contained 



xxvi CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

32 acres, apart from meadow, a large size for Oxfordshire ; but as 
the rent was no higher than %s. 6d, for a virgate, the land must have 
been poor. The accounts of the collector of rents in Chastleton for 
the years ending Michaelmas, 1391, 1393, 1396, 1398, 1399, 1413, 
1 414, 1420, and 1 42 1, preserved among the Harleian Rolls in the 
British Museum,^ show that at that period the rental of Brookend 
amounted to £7 9^. 9^.; in 1535 it was £6 6s, %d? In the Hundred 
Rolls it is asserted that the abbot of Eynsham held Brookend of 
Hugh de Plecy as a quarter of a knight's fee, but the statement 
needs corroboration; in the Feudal Aids for Oxfordshire there is 
no mention of such a fee, and the property was given to the abbey 
free of all services except the payment of Danegeld and murdrum. 

For the tenants of Brookend the abbey held its own court, and 
we have almost complete records of it between the years 1382 and 
1 49 1. In the Record Office one membrane' gives the courts held 
on the following dates: — April 30, 1382; June 30, 1382; Feb. 7, 
1385; Sept 26, 1386; and Nov., 1387. One of the Harleian Rolls* 
gives the thirty-nine courts which were held between April 12, 
1389, and June 19, 1438; another "^ gives fourteen courts between 
May 30, 1 44 1, and March 25, 1462, the last three being held at 
such wide intervals as 1452, 1454 and 1462. Two courts for 
Dec. 14, 1469, and May 9, 1470, are given on Harleian Roll B. 12; 
B. 13 has nine courts from July i, 1479, to April 27, 1491, and 
B. 14 a court held April 10, 1499. I' seems that there was no 
regularity in the dates at which the courts were held. It depended 
partly on the convenience of the cellarer, who acted as presiding 
officer, and partly on the fact whether there had been a death among 
the customary tenants or a tenement was to be surrendered. If there 
was no business of this kind to transact, no court would be held for 
several years, probably for the reason that the amercements in such 
a small court would rarely produce enough to cover the cost of 
holding it. 

The most interesting notices in the court-rolls are those which 
concern escaped nativiox villeins. At the court held April 30, 1382, 
it was presented that several nativty whose names are given, had 
withdrawn from Brookend; and an order is made in one case to 
the father, in other cases to the homage as a whole, to see that the 
culprits are brought back. Similar presentments are made at every 



» Harl. Rolls B. 3-10. * Harl. Roll B. r. 

2 Valor, ii. ao8 » Had. Roll B. ii. 

' Court Rolls, no. 197. 14. 



PREFACE xxvii 

court down to 1462; but from 1469 onwards the matter is not 
mentioned. Although injunctions were always given to the nearest 
of kin, or to the homage, to bring back those that had escaped, 
and sometimes a fine of 6s, Sd. or even 20J. was threatened, yet 
nothing was done either by the lord or the homage ; the fines were 
not inflicted nor were the na/m produced. At the court held in 
1437 when it was presented that John Rogers, a naiivus who had 
not resided in Brookend for more than thirty years, was living at 
* Hongrynge Aston ', the homage was commanded to bring him back 
' vel respondere pro chivagio suo decetero,' but no chivage was paid 
in this or in any other case. Nor was there any difficulty in finding 
these nativt. They were living in neighbouring villages whither they 
had removed, probably to obtain better land. Some were in holy 
orders; thus it is presented at the courts held in 1427-9 that 
Thomas Wattes, vicar of Enstan, *est nativus domini & moratur 
extra dominium sine licencia'; and again in 1444 we hear of a 
nativus^ John Watts *presbiter', residing at Oxford without leave of 
the lord. 

The abbot's remedy would have been to procure the king's writ 
to recover his villeins, and on many occasions the entry ends ' ideo 
loquendimi est inde cum consilio domini pro breve prosequend[o] ', 
but it does not appear that this step was taken. Doubtless the cost 
of the writ would have been more than the profit accruing firom the 
nativus \ for he was a source of profit only occasionally, as when 
a stranger wished to marry his daughter or when he wished to have 
his son tonsured. We have an instance of the latter in 1405, when 
Walter Jacks, a nativus, was amerced the sum of ds. Sd. because he 
had had his son tonsured {coronavi/) without leave of the lord. At 
the same court permission is given to a na/ivus, William Hancok, 
son of John Hancok, to receive holy orders on condition that he 
should be a priest within thirteen years ; if he failed to receive the 
said holy orders (i. e. priest's orders) within the fixed time, he was 
to remain in his former status of a naiivus. At a court held July 27, 
14 19, Robert Hewys paid 6s, Sd. for licence to espouse Margaret, 
daughter of John Hanket, a nafiva ; while the following entry occiurs 
in the year 1387: 'Homagium presentat quod Alicia relicta Johannis 
Colyns nupta fuit Nicholao Busseby & fecit leyrwit' cum eodem 
antequam habuit licenciam domini nubendi se eidem Nicholao; ideo 
dat domino de leyrwit' duos solidos.' But in most cases when a 
daughter of a nativus married without leave, she withdrew to another 
village, and the abbot was unable to obtain any payment from her 
husband; and on an average he did not secure from his nativi 2l 



xxviii CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

payment for marriage or tonsuring more frequently than once in 
twelve or fifteen years. 

During the latter half of the fifteenth century the business of the court 
dwindled, and was more and more confined to the formalities of sur- 
rendering holdings and the granting of them to new tenants : there 
are no cases of debt, no payments for non-attendance or for leave to 
settle quarrels. The reason of this becomes apparent from the court- 
roll of December 14, 1469, by which we learn that the homage was 
reduced to four members, namely: John Barton, who held freely eight 
and a half virgates, and three customary tenants, Agnes James with 
three virgates, Richard Fowler with two, and William Milward or 
Mylner with two and a half. The other customary tenants had 
thrown up their holdings, as we are told in the court-rolls, with- 
drawing by night with their goods and chattels to a neighbouring 
village ; while Brookend fi*om the first had no cottars. These four 
supplied the reeve, the collector of rents, and the culprits, witnesses, 
and affeerors for the court Two sets of entries show the impotence 
to which a manorial court might be reduced when there was a small 
homage to carry out its orders. In 1488 it was presented that 
Richard Palmer of Morton Henmersh (i.e. Moreton-in-the-Marsh) 
commoned his sheep on the arable lands of Brookend, *et quod 
custodit dictas bidentes suas cum bacults manu forti ' ; though it was 
ordered that this should be stopped, it was presented two years later 
that he was still commoning his sheep in Brookend to the number of 
two hundred and forty. The other case is that of Agnes James, 
a customary tenant, who was presented in 1479 ^^ being ^ communis 
obiurgatrix et perturbatrix populi domini regis ' ; she was ordered to 
amend. Three years later we hear: Mpsa Agnes adhuc perturbat 
populum domini regis cum lingua sua ; . . . tamen ex gracia domini ad 
presens perdonatur sub condicione emendandi, eo quod vidua est, 
ad rogatum vicinorum pro hac vice & non ulterius.' But in 1484 
the presentment is that Agnes, despising the mandate given at the 
last court, ' contumelias suas continuavit ' ; she is threatened with the 
forfeiture -of her holding. In 1487 she is once more bidden amend: 
and in 1488, as she was still obiurgatrix^ her holding was forfeited 
and given to another tenant. But in 1490 it was presented that 
'Agnes Jamys, vi et armis, aggregatis sibi quampluribus male- 
factoribus intravit quoddam tenementum domini abbatis, ubi seisitum 
fuit in manus ipsius domini, & sine licencia aliqua iUud cum perti- 
nenciis tenet Ideo preceptum est quod prosequatur breve'. No 
writ, however, was obtained ; for the same presentment was made in 
1 49 1, ending with the words 'prosequatur breve versus eam'. The 



PREFACE xxix 

ending of the case is not given, but possibly she retained possession, 
for a court-roll of 1499 mentions that a certain Thomas James, 
perhaps her son, the holder of three virgates, ' est furiosus, lunaticus, 
& mente captus ac desperatus, semper intendens occidere se ipsum, 
non credens in fide catholica et non abilis ad tenendum praedictam 
tenuram ' : his holding was to be taken from him. 

It is noticeable that in these court-rolls Brookend, as far as has . 
been noticed, is not called a ' manerium ' ; the word is used of the 
other part of the parish, and we hear of the lord of the ^ manor of 
Chastleton ', but Brookend is called a dominium. The use of this 
word may be merely an accident, but it is possible that the word 
manerium was^ avoided because there was no manor house or demesne 
land. 

An entry suggests that there was a small oratory in Brookend. In 
1435 it was ordered that Richard Faukener should rebuild ' domum 
vocatam Chapel-house, nuper ob defectum suum combustam', and 
in 1437 it was presented that Richard Faukener had not repaired 
*domos tenementorum suorum et muros, sive capellam et domum 
columbarii '• It might have been an oratory, such as there was at 
Shififord, in which mass was said two or three times a year. 

It may be pointed out that the case of Brookend proves that land 
brought into cultivation as late as the latter half of the twelfth century 
could be added to the strips in the open field. For in the court-rolls 
of Brookend we hear of Ae open fields, but of no inclosures. It is 
not, therefore, safe to assume that the strips show the extent of land 
cultivated before 1066, and that land broken up after that date was 
always kept as an assart or enclosure. 

As long as the monks farmed their own demesne at Mickleton, 
Brookend was a convenient resting-place, when sheep and cattle were 
sent from Mickleton to Eynsham; and the collector of rents was 
allowed to deduct in his reckoning what he had spent on shepherds 
and other servants of the abbey when they stayed at Brookend for 
the night (B. 4). 

Charlbury. In this very large and complicated parish, embracing 
nine hamlets and extending into two hundreds, Eynsham had many 
possessions, temporal and spiritual; the spiritual possessions will be 
dealt with first. 

The church of Charlbury belonged to Eynsham from the year 1094, 
when the bishop of Lincoln gave his manor of Charlbury to the 
Abbey. In later days there were two dependent chapels in the parish, 
Chadlington and Shorthampton ; of these, the former existed by the 
year 1197, for in the grant of Bishop Hugh of that date (vol. i, p. 57) 



XXX CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

the abbey is allowed a pension of five marks from the church of 
Charlbury and fourteen shillings from the chapel at Chadlington. 
There is no record when the chapel of Shorthampton was built ; but 
at an inquisition held in 1302 it was stated that from before the 
memory of man Eynsham had received each year the crop of two 
acres in Walecot (vol. i,p. 398); and there can be little doubt that 
this was the endowment granted by some lord of Walecot and Short- 
hampton for the privilege of a chapel at Shorthampton. The traces 
of Norman architecture in the church show that it must have been 
erected not later than the close of the twelfth century. 

The advowson of the chapel of Chadlington was at one time 
claimed by the family of Wytefeld, which held land in Chadlington 
from before 1196.* In 1258 Henry de Wytefeld went to law with the 
abbot on this matter (vol. i, p. 404) ; but the abbot maintained that 
the case could not proceed, as the church was not vacant, being held 
by the rector of Charlbury as a dependent chape] ; and when the 
king^s court appealed to the bishop, he confirmed the statement of 
the abbot. The matter, however, was not settled; and in the 
Hundred Rolls of 1279 ' it is stated that the advowson of Chadlington 
belonged to the family of Wytefeld. But a decision was reached in 
1292 (vol. i, p. 327) when the abbey secured its property *with great 
trouble and expense ' (ib., p. 340). There is no difficulty in under- 
standing how the dispute arose. If, when the first member of the 
family of Wytefeld acquired his small manor in Chadlington, he found 
a cha[)el standing on his land, although he Would be aware that the 
chapel belonged to Eynsham, yet his descendants might assume that 
the advowson belonged to the manor which they held. The fact that 
Chadlington never paid procurations shows that it was only a chapeby. 

Besides the pensions from the churches of Charlbury and Chadling- 
ton, of which mention has been made, the abbey took a large portion 
of the tithe in Charlbury, Cotes, Fawler, and Finstock ; in fact 
the list of these tithes drawn up in 1270 (vol. i, p. 275) leaves to the 
rector of Charlbury none of the great tithes in the eastern half of 
his parish except the tithes of his glebe of sbcty-five acres, and 
tithes of the villeins in Fawler. In 1239 the tithes taken by 
the abbey are described as the tithes of 13! hides 'in parochia 
de Cherlebiry'. In 1254 the tithes of Fawler and Finstock were 
valued at 20s, (ib., p. 306), yet in 1291 the whole of the tithe received 
by the abbey in the parish of Charlbury is estimated to be worth no 
more than £2 (Taxatio, p. 32). The tithes of thirteen hides could 

' Feet of Fines, p. 116 (PipeRoUSoc, « Hundred Rolls, ii. 747. 

vol 17). 



PREFACE xxxi 

never have been worth as h'ttle as this, and either there is a mistake 
in the figure, or the abbey had surrendered some of its tithes to the 
rector, whose portion, including the glebe, is reckoned at £30. 

In 1293 the church was appropriated and in 1296 the bishop 
appointed a vicarage (vol. i, p. 344). At that time the archdeacon of 
Oxford estimated that the portion of the great tithe received by the rector 
was worth 100 marks — an impossible figure(ib.,p. 344) — and the bishop 
decided that the altarage and the tithe of hay, valued at about £25, 
together with the glebe of 65 acres,^ would be sufficient to maintain 
^he vicar and his staff. There was to be, as hitherto, a priest resident 
at Chadlington, with an assistant clerk, and at Charlbury two priests 
and two clerks who would serve the church of Charlbury and three 
days a week would say mass at Shorthampton. All the great tithe 
was to be taken by the abbey. 

The value of the tithes may be ascertained in some years from the 
accounts of the bailiff at Charlbury. For the year ending Michaelmas, 
1354 (B. 26), the tithes in Charlbury, Cote, Fawler, andFinstock were 
collected by the monks and we cannot tell their amount, but the tithes 
in Chilson, Thume, Walecot, Shorthampton, and Chadlington were 
granted on lease, and payment was made not in money but in kind ; 
thus the bailiff received from Robert Langele six quarters of wheat and 
one quarter of oats for the tithe of Chilson and Thum ; the tithe of 
Walecote, and the name in this place must include Shorthampton, was 
9 J quarters of wheat and 6 quarters of drageium ; the tithe of Chad- 
lington 31 J quarters of wheat, 27 quarters of drageium^ and 12 quarters 
of pulse. In 1390 (ib., E. 31) we have no information except that the 
tithes of Charlbury, Chadlington, Childeston, Thume, Shorthampton, 
Walecote, Finstock, Fawler, and Cote had been garnered at Charlbury. 
In 1 43 1 (ib.,B. 42) Charlbury (no doubt including Cote) produced by 
way of tithe 18 quarters of wheat and 42 quarters of barley; Chad- 
lington 20 quarters of wheat, 40 quarters of barley, and six quarters of 
oats ; Chilson and Thume eight quarters of wheat, 1 5 quarters of 
barley and i^ quarters of oats; Shorthampton four quarters of wheat 
and four of barley; Walecot three of wheat and three of barley; Fawler 
twenty of wheat and thirty of barley, and Finstock nine of wheat 
and seventeen of barley. That the abbey did not at this time collect 
its tenth sheaf, but had granted leases of the tithes for a payment in 
kind, is evident from the fact that in several of the hamlets the tithes 
produced exactly the same amount sixteen and twenty-six years later. 

' As the total demesne of Charlbury hides (vol. i, p. 9) it looks as if these 65 
was four hides (^Hundred Rolls, ii. 709) acres constituted the remaining hide, 
and the demesne of the abbot was three 



xxxii CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Thus in 1447 (Harl. Roll C. 2) Thomas Brynne and William Wrench, 
described as ihtfirmarii of the tithes of Chilson and Thume, rendered 
eight quarters of wheat, 15 quarters of barley, and ij quarters of oats ; 
the wheat was sold at 3^. 4^. a quarter and the two latter at 2od. 
a quarter. In the same year Thomas Sercheden had a lease of the 
tithes of Walecote and Shorthampton, for the former paying six 
quarters of barley, for the latter four quarters of wheat and four of 
barley ; the barley in these hamlets must have been better than in 
Chilson foe it fetched 2x. 8^ a quarter, the wheat fetching 3^. 4^. In 
1457* the tithes of Chilson and Thume were leased by William 
Bekyngham and John Hogges ; the terms were the same as ten years 
earlier, and the value of the com was the same. The tithes of Walecote 
and Shorthampton were leased by John Waver in 1457 for the same 
rent as before, but his wheat fetched 5^. 6d. a quarter, while the 
barley only produced w. 2d, a quarter. Concerning Walecote a note 
is added : ' De frumento nichil, eo quod nulla huiusmodi grana ibidem 
seminata fiierunt per tempus supradictum ' ; and it will be noticed that 
ten years earlier Aere was only one kind of com grown in Walecote. 
The tithes of Chadlington in 1457 produced twenty quarters of wheat, 
40 of barley, and six of oats, as in 1431, the whole selling for 
£6 13X. 4<f.; while the tithes of Charlbury and Cote were leased 
partly to Thomas Bemond for a payment of 20^. and partly to Thomas 
Pawley, who rendered seven quarters of wheat, 31 of barley, and six of 
oats, of the value of £3 6s. Sd, The value of the tithes of Finstock 
and Fawler is given in the roll of 1470 (Harl. Roll G. 2), when the 
tithes of Finstock were dimised to the vicar of Charlbury for £4 
a year, and the tithes of Fawler were held by John Pmdy who paid 
£7 for them in 1469, and in 1470 under a new lease paid twenty 
quarters of wheat and £3 6s. Sd. in money. In the same years ' the 
rectory of Charlbury ', i. e. the rectorial tithe of Charlbury and Cote, 
was leased to Thomas Pauley for £5 a year. The return in 1535 
(Valor, ii. 182, 210) records that the vicarage of Charlbury was worth 
more than £25, but that the rectorial tithe received by Eynsham was 
only £5. As this latter sum so exactly corresponds with what the 
abbey received from Charlbury and Cote in 1470, we must conclude 
that in 1535 the tithes from the other seven hamlets were either 
forgotten, or that, as in the case of Mickleton and South Stoke, the 
lease of the tithes was not kept distinct from the rent for the land, and 
that the tithes are included in the sum of £47 8^., which is the value 
of the possessions of Ejmsham in Charlbury and its members. 

* Ministers* Accounts, 957. 26 (Record Office). 



PREFACE xxxiii 

In 1353 the king increased the value of the church of Charlbury 
by granting tithes of the wild beasts and other animals in Combury 
Park, being within the parish of Charlbury (vol. i, p. 393). In 1354 
we read of a new roof for the chancel of Chadlington church and the 
purchase of ridge tiles (Harl. Roll B. 26). In 1389 a churchyard was 
added at Chadlington at the expense of the inhabitants, and they were 
allowed to have the right of sepulture, but renounced all claim to be 
an independent church (vol. ii, p. 179). 

The temporal possessions of Eynsham in the parish of Charlbury 
were acquired at many different times. In 1094 the bishop of 
Lincoln gave all that he possessed in Charlbury — *ita solidam et 
quietam ut episcopus Robertus tenuit.' By that time the bishop's 
holding in Charlbury was less than it had been. There can be no 
doubt that the bishop of Lincoln originally possessed the whole of the 
eastern half of the parish of Charlbury, L e. all that pordon which was 
in the hundred of Banbury, the western portion being in the hundred 
of Chadlington ; but by 1094 the manors of Finstock and Fawler had 
been granted by the bishop to some of his knights, and when he gave 
to Eynsham his manor of Charlbury the word was used in the narrower 
sense, meaning Charlbury proper, a vill of eight hides, and Cotes, which 
contained thirteen virgates.^ Though the abbey afterwards obtained 
Finstock and Fawler it was not by the gifl of the bishop. Of that which 
the bishop granted very little was alienated. About 11 70 half a hide 
was confirmed to Gilbert Taylard at a rent of 6x., and it is stated that 
his father and grandfather had the same holding (vol. i, p. 394), but in 
1279 Nicholas Tailard holds' only one virgate and a half, and the rent 
is 6f. 6d. In 1256 the king granted a weekly market and an annual 
fair (vol. i, p. 213)^ and it is difficult to believe that the returns made 
in 1269 (^0^ h P* 9) or in the Hundred Rolls of 1279, can be com- 
plete ; for the rents received from a market town must have been more 
than 10s. or 12s, A rental of about 1310 (Harl. Roll B. 23) gives 
£8 as the rents received from sixty-six tenants in the borough, and 
the whole rents of Charlbury were £14 8x. 3^/.; in addition, the 
demesne land was farmed for the abbey by its bailifif. In the accounts 
of 1367 two new entries appear; besides the assize rents of Charlbury, 
producing £19 4J. iid,, Acre were rents of assarts in Charlbury, 
£7 17J. 8^., and rents of assarts of Spelsbury, £2 17J. 4j</. (ib., B. 29). 
In 1373 the case is still more complicated ; beside £18 of assize rents 
in Charlbury, £8 of assart rents, and £2 9^. od, of rents of Spelsbury 
assarts, there is also an entry of assize rents from Cote amounting to 

* Hundred Rolls, ii. 709. • ib. 



xxxiv CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

15X. lod. In 1447 we have assize rents from Charlbmy £14 4^. 5^., 
assize rents from the *villata de Coote' 12s. 6d., assarts in the fields 
of Charlbury £4 iis. 5^., assarts in the fields of Cote £2 3^. 6J<f., 
while the 'villa de Cootes', with lands, meadows, and pastures, 
was leased to John Edmonds for £2 a year (C. i). From these 
entries we may conclude that both in Charlbury proper and in Cote 
much of the waste was enclosed and assarted in the fourteenth and 
fifteenth centuries; and in tithings where there was only one free- 
holder, as probably in Charlbury and Cote, no permission or 
agreement would be necessary. The assart which is sometimes 
called the Spelsbury assart does not seem to have been actually in 
Spelsbury, as there is no evidence that Eynsham at any time possessed 
property in that parish; but it is to be identified with the assart 
<in the fields of Coote'. In the accounts of 1391 and 1409 it is 
described as the assart occupied by tenants of Spelsbury and Cote ; 
and it must have been called the Spelsbury assart because it was 
rented by people in Spelsbury. These notices show that the lost 
vt'il of Cote or Cotes must be sought in that part of the manor of 
Charlbury which is near the village of Spelsbury. It may be added 
that in 1470 an entry speaks of the 'manor of Cote' dimised to 
William Bernard at a rent of £2 (ib., G. 2). 

Besides rents and the produce of the demesne land, the abbey also 
received the profits of the courts. For the manor and customary 
tenants there was the court of the manor, and for the borough there 
was a portmote. Unfortunately, no court rolls of either court survive, 
but we are able to tell how often the courts were held, and what their 
profits were. Thus in 1373 twelve manorial courts were held, of 
which one was the view of frankpledge, and the profits were 
£9 lis, o^, (Harl. Roll B. 33). In 1406 five courts and one view 
of frankpledge produced £4 5^. 4</.^ In 14 14 from three courts 
and one view, held November 6, 1405, the profits were about £3 los., 
and 6d, from two portmotes.' In 1442 one view and three courts 
produced £3 15^. iod,y and thirteen portmotes 13X. 8dl' In 1448 
from seven courts Sis, 6d, was received, and fit)m one view 22s. ; the 
accountant adds, ' de aliquo proficuo proveniente de perquisitis curie 
portemoti ibidem tente non respondet, eo quod nulla huiusmodi curia 
ibidem tenta fuit per tempus supradictunu' * We may conjecture that 
as the profit from portmote courts was so small, it was hardly worth 
while holding them. The record in English of one portmote held 

* Ministers* Accounts 957. 18 (Recoid » ib., 957. ae. 
Office). * HarL RoU C. i. 

« ib., 957. 19. 



PREFACE XXXV 

in the reign of Queen Elizabeth is preserved at the Record Office ; 
it is merely a list of tradesmen in Charlbury each lined 2d, * for exces- 
sive lucre*. 

The property of Eynsham in Fawler was acquired about 1220. 
In this hamlet two and a half hides belonged to the fee of Robert le 
Chevalchesul, and two and a half hides to the fee of the family of 
Wicham, both being knights under the bishop of Lincoln.^ The 
former holding was divided between Robert Danvers and Peter 
Talemasche, the heirs of Robert le Chevalchesul,* and was given 
by them to the abbey; while Thomas Caperun, who held five virgates 
under Robert de Wicham, gave his holding about the same time 
(vol. i, pp. 140-146), though a subsequent deed shows that it was 
a sale as much as a gift (ib., p. 217). In 1279' ^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^ 
holding of Eynsham in Fawler was exacdy fifteen vijgates, and though 
the inquisition held in 1363 gives us no information, as it deals only 
with the demesne (vol. ii, p. 28), there can be little doubt that the 
holding of the abbey steadily grew. In the earliest rental, of about 
1310 (HarL Roll B. 23), the income from Fawler was £4 i6s. In 
1394 the rents of assize were £7 14^., the rents of assarts £2 12^., 
and the 'assart of Stonesfield' £1 lor. (ib., B. 35). In 1528 the rent 
from Fawler was £11 Ss. ^d, (ib., C. 3), and 25^. from * assarts in the 
fields of Fawler leased by the tenants of Stonesfield '. 

The ' assart of Stonesfield' or, as it is described elsewhere, the assart 
in Fawler rented by men of Stonesfield, may be identified with the 
site of the small monastery of Pheleleie, which was evidently situated 
just on the border of Fawler and Stonesfield (voL i, p. xiv). 

Finstock is one of the most puzzling properties of the abbey. 
The facts given us in the Cartulary are as follows : the ' terra de 
Finestoches' was given to Eynsham before 11 54 by Radulfus Basset 
(voL i, pp. 40, 70); between 1154 and 1161 this gift was confirmed 
by Reginald of St Walery for a payment of ten marks (ib., p. 70). 
In 1205 Peter Thalesmasche quitclaimed to Eynsham half a knight's 
fee in Finstock (ib., p. 134). A third holding in Finstock was called 
Tapwell and was given to the abbey by the family of Grant; it 
consisted of thirteen acres and was held of the king by the seijeanty 
of guarding the Wodegate, when the king was staying at Woodstock 
(ib., p. 308); at the inquisition held in 1279 it was stated that this 
was alienated to the abbey by Robert le Grant, but according to our 
Cartulary it was given by William his son (ib., p. 189) between 1241 



* Hundred Rolls ^ ii 709. by F. N. Macnamara (p. 17). 

* Memorials of the Danuers Family^ ' Hundred Rolls ^ ii. 709. 

C 2 



xxxvi CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

and 1264. It may be pointed out that the family of Grant is probably 
the same as the family of Magnus, which held an assart in Finstock 
by the authority of the king in the reign of Stephen (ib., p. 139). 

These three holdings of the abbey can be identified in the Hundred 
Rolls of 1279 (ii, p. 709); the first appears as 43 acres and a virgate 
of assart; the second as four virgates held in villenage of the fee 
of the Bishop of Lincoln ; the third is ten acres bought of Robert 
le Grant, held by the seijeanty of guarding the Wodegate. One 
statement of this return is certainly incorrect, namely that, hke 
Charlbury, part of this holding was obtained from the Bishop of 
Lincoln in exchange for the manor of Stowe in Lincolnshire ; our 
Cartulary shows that it was not so. 

Two puzzles remain to be solved ; in the first place why did the 
family of St. Walery succeed to the possessions of the family of Basset 
in Finstock? secondly, if Finstock was part of the parish and manor 
of Charlbury, and therefore, as we should suppose, a property of the 
Bishop of Lincoln, how did the Bassets obtain a holding here? 
There can be little doubt that we here have a case where the tenant 
instituted by king Stephen was purposely deprived by Henry II; 
it was his custom not to recognize the grants of his enemies, and 
for that reason the land of Finstock must have been taken from 
Radulfus Basset in 1154 and given to Henry's favourite, Reginald 
of St. Walery. It is described not as a virgate or carucate but as 
'terra', meaning uncultivated land, and it must have been within the 
bounds of the forest, as the licence of the king was necessary before 
it could be assarted (vol. i, p. 54). Just as in the manor of Charlbury 
there was a portion retained by the king, called Combury, so in 
Finstock part belonged to the Bishop of Lincoln and part to the 
king ; and it seems that king Stephen, as was his custom, granted 
away part of the royal demesne, adjacent to Combury, to Ralph 
Basset, who in turn granted it to Eynsham. Similarly, the seijeanty 
of Tapwell must have been situated in that part of Finstock which 
belonged to the king. The Bishop of Lincoln probably had nothing 
more in Finstock than the four virgates that were assigned to Peter 
Talemasche, who, as we have seen, was one of the bishop's knights 
and held land of him in Fawler as well as in Finstock. 

As in Fawler, so in Finstock, during the fourteenth and fifteenth 
centuries land was inclosed and the value of the property increased. 
About 13 10 the rents from Finstock and Tapwell (Harl. Roll B. 23) 
were about £4 lox.; in 1399 (ib., B. 35) assize rents of Finstock 
were about £4 4J., and assart rents about £4 8^.; in 1447 (ib.,C. i) 
they were los. higher; in 1470 (ib., G. 2) and 1528 (ib., C. 3) the 



PREFACE xxxvii 

rents had fallen to £6, the abbey perhaps having parted with some 
of its land. 

It may be taken as certain that there were no manorial courts at 
Finstock and Fawler j had there been any, the yearly accounts would 
have recorded the profits of the courts^ The tenants of these two 
hamlets must have attended the courts at Charlbury ; and after the 
dissolution of the abbey, at a court of Charlbury held Sept. i, 1539, 
we find that homages from Fawler and Finstock were present (HarL 
Roll C. 4). 

The woods of Charlbury, 321 acres in extent, were divided into 
seven parts, and as is still the custom in many woods, one portion 
was to be cut every seven years (vol. ii, p. 27), and it was estimated 
in 1363 that on an average the produce would be worth £15 6f. 8</» 
a year. In 1373, ^^S^o, and 1394 the profit from the sale of under- 
wood was about £4, £20^ and £4 respectively (HarL Roll R 33-5); 
in 1396 it was £29 (ib., B. 37), in 1412 about £10 (ib., B. 39), 
in 1419 about £9 (ib., B. 40). Each year there were expenses for 
the fencing after the copse had been cut at i\d. or ij^. the rod, 
no doubt in order that cattle might not spoil the young shoots ; also 
on two^occasions there were fees to the officers of the forest ; thus in 
1426 a payment was made to Robert Alkerton head forester *pro 
brevi habendo', and 2s. to Nicholas Jeffes *prochymnagio, (ib., B. 41); 
again 1470, there was *in feodo capitalis forestarii de Whichewode 
vi s. viij d., et eius locum tenenti iij s. iiij d., et in feodo forestarii vianun 
domini regis ex consuetudine ij s. vi d.^ Although the perambulations 
of Wychwood forest made in 1298 seem to leave all Charlbury wood 
outside the forest (vol, ii, pp. 93-5), yet on other occasions the 
boundaries may have been less favourable to Eynsham, for the 
boundaries varied from time to time ; ^ at all events it is certain that 
in 1325 part of Charlbury wood was reckoned to be within the 
forest (vol. i, p. 363). The portion of wood that was cut in 1412 
was called Vasemerequarteron (ib., B. 39), a name which was in use 
in 1363 (vol. ii, p. 27): in 1426 (ib., B. 41) when the same wood 
should have been cut again, it is called Inposteredequarteron (?In 
poste rode quarteron), a name which we do not find in 1363, 

In Chadlington the abbey possessed half a virgate granted about 
1 173 (voL i, pp. 107, 109) and also about 100 acres (ib., p. 248) 
granted by John Heynon before 1264 and confirmed by Walter de 
Wayhulle, a rent of 8j. being retained to hun (ib., p. 215). As the 
accounts of the abbey show that each year 2^. 6d. for hidage and 

* See the statement, voL ii, p. 107. 



xxxviii CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

i^, for wardsilver was paid for this holding in Chadlington, we 
conclude diat it was reckoned to be five virgates, 2s, for hidage 
and id, for wardsilver being the regular -payment for one hide. 
The rent from this land varied but little. About 13 lo it produced 
iSs. 6d. (Harl. Roll B. 23); ip 1447 ^^^ amount was ajx. gd. 
(ib., C. i). Each year there is paid a rent of 8 J. 'to the heirs of 
John Halowe' as the wording runs in all the accounts from 1373 to 
1470 (B. 31 and G. 2). In 1528 the money was paid *to the heirs 
of John Halowe, now John Osbaston' (C. 23). 

Cirencester. In 11 58 Eynsham was given Wigewald Mill in 
Cirencester, rented at 30^. a year, and from another mill a payment 
of los, a year (vol i, p. 103). Apparently this second mill was also 
in Wige^d (ib., p. 190). In 1291 the abbot of Cirencester paid 44s. 
a year from a certain mill to the abbot of Eynsham, being half the 
total rent of it {Taxa/to, p. 234), but the return in 1390 is that 
Eynsham received lox. a year from * Clerkenemulle,' but that 34^. due 
from « Macemulle * was withheld by the abbot of Cirencester (Harl- 
RoU E. 31). In 1 635 he paid los. to Eynsham from < Clerkyn Mills ', 
but the other sum is not mentioned ( Valor, ii. 208). 

Clifton Mill. About the year 11 80 Matilda de Chesney gave to 
Eynsham one third of Clifton Mill in Deddington (i. 86), and in 1 192 
her cousin Ralf Mmrdac gave another third (i. 84 and 89). About 
1270 the rent from this mill was 40s, (i. 14) and it remained at this 
figure for about two centuries ; it was paid by the Prior of Bicester 
who held the manor of Clifton and the remaining third of the mill 
(i. 86). By a deed* of October 9, 1483, the prior of Bicester agrees 
with the abbey of Eynsham that whereas he was formerly bound to 
pay to Eynsham a rent of 40^. for a mill called Old Clifton Mill, now 
called Millstede by Thistelforde, and for other mills in Oxfordshire,' 
and whereas for certain causes he had withheld the rent, he will in 
future pay 20s, a year, to be secured upon his mill called New Clifton 
Mill. This amount ' was paid in IS35* {Valors ii. 209.) 

Coggs. Manasser Arsic on his deathbed gave Eynsham five acres 
of meadow in Coggs (vol. i, p. 109) ; in 1254 and in 1270 it was worth 
3 J. a year (ib., pp. 13 and 306); there is no trace of it subsequently. 

The monks sdso possessed from the earliest times the crop of four 
acres of arable, to be chosen by them each year firom the demesne of 

^ Printed Formulare Anglicanum, sham for tithes in Stratton Awdley, and 

p. 107. i6s, for tithes in Clifton ; the figures are 

* There is no evidence that Bicester correctly given snbseqnently ( Vahr, ii, 
held any other mills of Eynsham. 309 and aio\ namely lax. for tithes in 

• There is an error in the retnm for Stratton Awdley and aox. for the rent of 
Bicester Priory ( Vaior, ii. 188) where it Clifton Mill. 

gives i6x. as dne from Bicester to Eyn- 



PREFACE xxxix 

Coggs. It was given to Eynsham when the church of Coggs was 
allowed the right of sepulture (vol. i, p. 4) ; this probably took place 
at some very early date, for the church of Coggs belonged to the 
priory of Coggs from the first years of the twelfth century, and if the 
right had been granted to the church after that date, we should have 
some deed to that effect drawn up between the two monasteries. 
A judgement of about 1202 describes this possession (vol. ii, p. 46). 
In 1270 it was worth 6s. Sd. (vol. i, p. 13) ; and though omitted in the 
Taxaiio of i29i,it is mentioned in the confirmation of 1320 (ib., p. 376). 
In 1390 it was paid to the sacrist (£. 31), but we are not told its 
value. Afterwards it must have been lost, as it does not occur in the 
Valor. Possibly when the priories of Coggs and Minster Lovell came 
into the hands of Eton College, the abbey surrendered its possessions 
in those two places, in return for the share of the tithes in Cassington, 
for which Eynsham paid lor. a year as late as 1390 (E. 31). 

Colesboume. In 1291 Eynsham took tithes in the parishes of 
Elkstone and Dimtsboume Rouse, Gloucestershire, to the value of 
dr. 8dl and %s. respectively i^Taxaiio^ p. 221). In 1320 this possession 
is described as two-thirds of the tithe of the demesne of Thomas 
de Gardino in the parishes of Colesboume and Duntsbourne ^. 377). 
In 1390 the tithes of the abbey in Colesboume and Dimtsboume were 
sold for dr. ^d. (E. 31). In the Val&r of 1535 there is no mention of 
them, but possibly they were included among the properties that were 
granted to firaeme Abbey for an annual payment of 40X. ; for 
Bmeme held land in Colesboume. It is suggested that these tithes 
were given to Eynsham before mo by William son of Bernard, 
who in Domesday held land in Duntsbourne, Colesboume, and Elkston 
(see i. 31 «.)• 

Ck>mwell. Before mo Richard de Gray gave to Eynsham his 
great and small tithes in Cornwell (i. 36), probably meaning the tithes 
of his demesne. Subsequently the abbey obtained the church of 
Comwell by the grant of Alice de Gray and her husband (i. 100), 
and was albwed by the bishop to receive from it a pension of 
a pound of wax (i, 57). In 1201 it gave the church bade to Alice 
de Gray, retaining the pension (L 100), and, if we may trast the 
return made in 1239 (i. 3), it still held the tithes of the demesne at 
that time ; but there is no subsequent trace of them. The statement 
made (I 100 ».) that Eynsham received 4^. from Cornwell in 1379 
proves to be incorrect ; the name of the place, of which only the first 
four lettersvare clear (Harl. Roll E. 31), is doubtless to be read 
Toraestone not Comwell. In the confirmation of tithes m 1320 
(L 376) there is no mendon of Cornwell. 



xl CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Cropredy. Eynsham had not only the tithe of the bishop's demesne 
in Cropredy, but also two-thirds of the tithe of Gosfridus de Cropredy 
and of the tithe of Richard of Newark in Claydon (vol. i, p. 37); 
in each case it is probable that the tithe of the demesne is meant. 
The bishop's demesne was five carucates in 1291; the other two 
demesnes seem to have been each of less than two hides {Hundred 
Roils, ii. 705). In the record of Cropredy church in the TaxaHo of 
1 29 1, entered by some oversight under Northamptonshire, there is no 
mention of Eynsham; but the portion of tithe is mentioned in 1390 
(see Banbury), and in 1539 it was worth £5 13^. ^d, (vol. ii, p. 253). 

Croxtoiiy Leicestershire. Before 1 167 Eynsham had been given 
tithes in Croxton of the value of 3^. ^d a year (i. 2), and by the year 
1 1 97 the abbey had come to an agreement about them with the 
canons of Chaucombe (i. 120). In 1254 the payment from Croxton 
had fallen in value to 3^. (i. 307), and in 1390 this was the amount 
paid by the prior of Chaucombe (E. 21). In 1525 the payment still 
survived, but it is described as being for ' certain ground and pasture 
in Wroxton' (Fa/cv, ii. 209). It may be that the payment of 3^. 
due originally for tithes in Croxton was secured upon land in Wroxton 
belonging to the priory of Chaucombe. In 1539 the payment is said 
to be 'for tithes in Wroxton' (vol. ii, p. 251). Probably in both 
places Wroxton is a mistake for Croxton. 

Domford in Wootton. The tithes of Domford and <Wideli' 
were given to Eynsham before 11 10 (vol. i, p. 36), and in 1270 were 
worth 20X. a year (ib., p. 13). Though omitted in the TaxaHo, this 
possession is mentioned in 1320 (ib., p. 376). In 1390 it was paid to 
the almoner, but its amount is not stated (E. 31). In a computus of 
about 1454 the almoner received 20s. from the tithe of Domford 
(F. 29). In 1535 {Valor , il 211) it appears as tithe to the value of 
6j. 8</, within the parish of Wootton. 

Dotard's Mill. William de Chesney gave to Eynsham about 
1 1 60 a mill in Deddington called West Mill (L 82), his successors 
Ralf Murdac and Guy de Dive confirming the gift (L 84 and 89). 
About 1270 it is called Dotard's Mill, paying %os, a year (i. 14) ; and 
it retained the same name and returned the same rent at the Dissolu- 
tion {yahr, ii 209). 

Eynsham. The Harleian Rolls supply much information about 
the manor and town of Eynsham whidi we should look for in vain 
in the Cartulary, and reveal the fact that the possessions of the abbey 
in that parish were divided into three heads, the Old Borough, the 
New Borough, and the Manor, each with its comrt It will be 
convenient to take the New Borough first. 



PREFACE xli 

The Cartulary (vol. i, p. 60) gives the foundation charter of this 
little borough. In the year 12 15 abbot Adam granted to tenants 
a piece of his demesne lying on the east side of the vill of Eynsham, 
and divided it into portions of an acre or less as building sites, the 
rent being at the rate of 4J. an acre. It was known by the name 
of Nova Terra, or in modern times Newland, but in one deed it is 
called the New Borough (vol. ii, p. 177); and as the tenants held by 
burgage, the name was correct. The abbot mentions that Nova Terra 
was a iiirlong from north to south, but does not say what its extent 
was from east to west: but the inquisition held in 1366 (voL ii, p. 50) 
shows that it contained nearly 18^ measured acres, and this would 
imply that the abbot enclosed a cultura containing about 20 or 22 
nominal acres. The map of Eynsham of 1782 shows Newland Road 
leading eastward from Eynsham with houses on either side and 
gardens which run back for no yards, as described in the abbot's 
charter. The whole forms a rectangular projection into the open 
fields, measuring one furlong from north to south and two furlongs 
from east to west. As the rent was to be 4^. an acre, while arable 
land at that time was worth not more than \s. an acre, it is obvious 
that the abbey gained by the action of the abbot. Some of the 
privileges of the tenants are mentioned in the foundation charter of 
the abbot, but others are revealed by the court rolls of Newland. 
The tenants were to hold their land freely ; as tenants by burgage, 
they not only owed no service, but they were not liable to wardships, 
aids, reliefs, fines, heriots, or other such burdens ; further, they might 
alienate their land to any secular person ; but in this point the tenure 
in Newland seems to have been less favourable than in ordinary 
boroughs, for a small payment to the lord, i. e. the abbey, was made 
when a holding was sold. They might also dispose of their land by will, 
a privilege enjoyed in Oxford and large boroughs, but probably not 
usual in small boroughs. They were to elect their own reeve, and 
if there was a complaint against any tenant he was to be tried by 
his peers. Both of these last privileges imply that Newland was to 
have its own court, as is also implied by the word communa which is 
used of the tenants of Newland (vol. i, p. 61). 

Of this court we have fairly full records from the year 1307. 
Although it mig^t be expected that a court attended by those who 
held by burgage would be called a burghmote or portmote, we do 
not find this word used of the court of Newland, but the rolls are 
headed *Nova Terra' or * Curia tenta in Nova Terra'. For the ten 
years, 1307-16, the rolls are extant (Rolls E. 17-22); also for 
1386-9 (E.30); 1417-20 (F. 9); and 1478(0. 4). There was always 



xlii CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

a court on the Monday after Hokeday ; and another on the Monday 
before, or the Monday after, Michaelmas ; and sometimes the court 
met once or twice in the year besides ; but as Newland was a small 
place, containing in 1366 only thirty-one houses (vol. ii, p. 50), it 
was not profitable to hold frequently a court at which the takings 
might only be ^d, or 6d. Once a year the court elected officers; 
when our records begin, they were four in number, a head bailiff, 
a second bailiff, who is also called catchpole, a taster of beer, and 
a decennarius or tithing-man. This was the arrangement in the 
reign of Edward II ; but in the reign of Richard II there are but 
three officers, the bailiff, the collector of rents, and the taster of beer. 
The collector of rents is certainly the same officer as the catchpole 
of the earlier period; but there is no mention of the tithing-man. 
From certain entries on the roll of Newland court in 1 312, it seems 
that the tenants of Newland were reckoned to be a decenna^ or tithing, 
by themselves, for the purposes of the view of frankpledge ; but by 
the time of Richard II other arrangements must have been made 
and the court no longer elected a tithing-man. The election of 
a collector of rents makes it probable that one of the original privi- 
leges of the tenants of Newland was that the abbot's rents should 
be collected by the elected representative of Newland. Just as the 
large boroughs were anxious to exclude the king's officers, and at 
Oxford and elsewhere elected bailiffs who collected the king's rents, 
so the conmiune of Newland had its own collector of rents. But 
if it was originally a privilege, it ultimately became a burden. Whereas 
the abbot had to pay his servant for collecting his rents in the manor 
of Ejmsham, in Newland they were collected for him without pay; 
and it is not surprising to find in the court rolls of Newland that 
there was much unwillingness to accept the office of collector of 
rents. 

The court rolls of Newland record several cases of the selling 
of land, the vendor paying to the abbot 2d, and the purchaser 4</., 
according to the original charter of Newland (vol. i. p. 60) ; there are 
also a few cases where an executor produces a will in court, in virtue of 
which a tenement is transferred to a new owner. There are very few 
agricultural offences, no doubt for the reason that the residents of 
Newland held no more than an acre or half an acre; but there are 
a few cases of the breaking of hedges. On the other hand there 
are no trading offences, such as are found in borough courts, viz., 
breaking the assize of bread, or the selling of bad meat or fish or 
leather ; for Newland was a residential not a trading district 

Although Newland was originally granted to tenants to hold in 



PREFACE xHii 

burgage, this did not imply that such a tenure was attached to the 
• land for ever. In some cases, when a tenement was acquired by 
the abbey by gift or purchase, the tenure was changed. In one 
of the charters of this volume (p. 177), when* a tenement had come 
into the hands of the abbot, he grants it to be held freely, but with 
no power of alienation by will or sale: and the court rolls of 
Newland show that one or more of the holdings, which no doubt 
had been given or sold to the abbey, had been changed into villein 
tenure , or copyhold, so that in the later court rolls of Newland 
we have the ordinary matter of a manorial court, viz. the surrendering 
of a tenement, the pa3nng of a heriot and being admitted as tenant 
for two lives; and whereas in 12 15 Newland was almost the only 
part of Eynsham where copyhold tenure did not exist, now it is the 
only part where that tenure is found; and in consequence, while the 
manor court and the portmote court have ceased, the court of Newland 
is still held. 

The amercements due to the abbot from the court of Newland 
were collected by the bailiff of Newland, the rents of the abbot by 
the under-bailiff. The rental of Newland was £3 i&f. 9</.*for several 
years; this is about the sum that we should have expected, but 
it is not easy to offer any explanation why the rental should end 
with odd pence. 

Passing to the borough of Eynsham, we have rolls for the court 
of portmote for 1453 (F- 21), for part of 1460 (F. 31) ; for eighteen 
months in 1475-7 (F« 36)> ^^^ for 1517 (G. 9). It is unfortunate 
that all these rolls are late; but certain computus rolls carry us 
back farther, for we have the accounts of the bailiff of the town, who 
collected the amercements of the portmotes for the years 1406 (F. 5), 
1415 (F. 7), and 1442 (F. 14), showing that the portmotes were 
held then with the same frequency and with the same customs as 
they were fifty years later. It is evident that the portmote, though 
it did not produce a large sum of money, ^as an important court, 
as it was held twelve or even sixteen times a year ; thus, in the year 
1442, while there were two courts held at Newland producing 6s, 
in all, and four courts of the manor producing £9 iix. 4</., there 
were sixteen portmotes, although they only produced £2 os. lod. 
in perquisites. The court always met on Monday, and on the 
Monday after Michaelmas elected as many as twelve officers; the 
head officer is called in 1453 * provost and governor of the town', 
in 1476 he is called mayor ; the other officers were a bailiff, two 
constables, two tithing-men, two tasters of beer, two inspectors of 
victuals, and two elected ^ to the office of collecting half a mark \ 



xliv CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

if we have read the MS. right. Perhaps this was the half mark 
which, according to the Hundred Rolls, was paid by Eynsham as 
toll to the bailiffs of Oxford. In some years the constables seem 
to be called ' collectors of toll ', and the inspectors of victuals are 
also called by the title of cadenaiores or cadenariu 

The offences which came before this court were partly the ordinary 
offences, such as leaving manure in the road or pulling hedges to 
pieces, but more often connected with trade, since those who at- 
tended the court were engaged in trade. Thus, bakers are fined 
for selling loaves that were under weight; the inspectors of food 
state that one has sold beef, but gave no opportunity that it should 
be inspected; on some occasions rotten meat had been sold, and 
once rotten fish ; one man has sold a candle that was of adulterated 
material; another has used bad leather in his boots. In 1454 a 
by-law for one year was made, that no one who kept a tavern was 
to sell beer after nine o'clock at night; should any one demand 
beer after that hour, notice was to be given to the constable or to 
the tithing-man. In the same year * it is presented that John Stevens 
jun. has been idling up and down the town for six days and will 
not work; it is not known how he lives; therefore the bailiff is 
commanded to eject him before the next court*. The profits of the 
court amounted to about 50X. a year, and were collected for the 
abbot by the bailiff who was annually elected at the portmote. How 
far the tenure in the old Borough differed from the tenure in 
Newland we cannot say ; if wc may argue from the silence of the 
rolls we should say that the tenants in the old Borough might not 
dispose of their property by will, but on the other hand might sell 
it freely and without that small payment which was demanded when 
the tenants in Newland sold their land. 

As the rents in the borough were collected by the abbot's servant, 
who also collected the rents of the manor, the rentals make no 
distinction between the two rents. It is therefore impossible to 
say how many houses there were in the borough, or how much 
the abbot received from the borough ; but it is probable that the 
small rents of about 6^. and u., which are mentioned in the rental 
(E. 32) to the number of nearly 300, were quitrents from burgage 
tenements in Eynsham. But it appears that only a portion of the 
houses in the vill of Eynsham belonged to the borough; for a rental 
of 1 51 9 (G. 12} shows that at that time the farm buildings of the 
manor were situated in Thomas Street, Mill Street, and the other 
streets near the market place. But such tenements would be held 
under the manor court, not under the borough court. 



PREFACE xlv 

' Last we come to the court of the manor, of which we have rolls 
for 1296 (E. 23), 1337 and 1338 (E. 24), 1414-1422 (F. 8), 1458-9 
(F. i8), 1466 (F. 32), 1476 (F. 23), 1477 (G. I), i4?8 (G. 3), 
1479 (G. 5), while at the Record Office we have the rolls for 1480-5. 
At these courts we have the business of an ordinary manorial court. 
In the earlier courts nativi buy their freedom; thus in 1306 Adam 
Bovebroke pays 6s. Sd. for his freedom; in 1337 Richard le Loder 
pays 10s. that his two daughters may be free. In the later courts 
there are surrenders of copyhold tenements, which are received 
back again for two lives with the payment of a fine. There are the 
usual farming offences; horses have been allowed to stray in the 
com, villems have left their work too early, and tenants who were 
bound to perform transport work have refused to convey the cellarer 
and steward to Oxford, though due notice had been given. For the 
discovery of offences there were two officials — both in the pay of the 
abbot — the beadle and the woodward. The work of the former was 
to catch and impound stray cattle, but in some rolls this duty is 
performed by the messor. The duty of the woodward was not only 
to supervize the cutting of the wood and to sell the timber and 
faggots of the abbot, but also to detect those who cut furze and 
thorns unlawfully on the abbot's waste. In the earliest rolls the 
court meets on Saturday, but after 1350, like all other courts at 
Eynsham, it met on Monday; and on the Monday after Hokeday 
there were courts of the portmote, the manor, and Newland. The 
manor court was held from four to seven times a year, at no regular 
intervals; probably as soon as there was important business to 
transact, such as the surrendering of a farm, a court would be 
summoned. The profits of the court were considerable, sometimes 
being more than £5 on one day, but this was not from amercements 
for the most pan, but from the fines that were received when a 
copyhold tenement was granted anew. The amercements of this 
court were collected by the beadle, who was not elected by the court, 
but was the abbot's servant. 

It was to this court that the view of frankpledge was attached. In 
the reign of Edward II (vol. ii, p. 214) it was decided that the view of 
frankpledge ought to be held not at the Hundred Court of Wootton, 
but once a year within Ejrnsham, under the sheriff and the bailiff of 
Woodstock; that they ought to receive 8x., and that the remainder 
was the abbot's. As the fee called cert-money, which was paid by 
Eynsham, was in later years 8x., it seems that the abbot from the first 
received all the amercements. In 13 13 (vol. ii, p. 213) the king 
granted that in future the abbot should have the view of fhtnkpledge. 



xlvi CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

provided that the fee of 8x. was paid, as hitherto, to the sheriff and 
bailiff of Woodstock. But even in the year 1296 we find that the 
proceedings at the view of frankpledge were entered on the roll of the 
court of the manor (£. 23), even though at that date the sheriff 
presided ; and if we remember that all the amercements were paid to 
the abbot from the earliest times, it was reasonable that the record of 
the proceedings should be left with him. 

The other manorial privilege of the abbot, the assize of bread and 
beer, seems to have been attached to the portmote ; such is the evidence 
of the rolls, and such is the statement of die inquisition of the fourteenth 
century (vol. ii, p. 39), where, however, the words have reference to 
those who attended the manor court and the portmote, omitting the 
inhabitants of Newland. The inquisition proceeds to say, what in 
any case we should have assumed, that no one was obliged to attend 
both the portmote and the manor court; tenants of the market 
attended the portmote, the others attended the manor court 

As there was a yearly fair at Eynsham, it is not impossible that 
a Fair court or a Piepowder court was held at the time of the fair : 
but no rolls of any such court have survived ; in fact, the account rolls 
of the abbey do not make mention of the fair, or indicate that it was 
a source of profit in any way. 

There was also a fourth court in Eynsham called Powkebridge 
Court In 1406 the beadle, among other amercements that he col- 
lected, mentions 2^. o^. 'from the pannage of the pigs of the 
customary tenants on St Martin's day, as attested by the roll of 
the Poukebrugge Court' (F. 6); in 1438 he accounts for 8dL from 
the 'perquisites of the pannage of the pigs of Powkebrege ' (F. 12); 
in 1470 he answers for 10^. firom Powkebrige courts. For the year 
1417 we have a court roll beginning, ' Powkebrugge : a court held 
there on St Martin's day, 5 Hen. V. The suitors present that 
Alicia Hogshawe has one porker, Dionisia Tanner two porkers' and 
so on; for each porker ^ was paid, while Thomas Doylly had 
a sow and paid i^. ; the total of pigs was one sow and thirty-three 
porkers, and the pajrments amounted to is, 6d, It is evident that 
the court met once a year on St. Martin's day at Powkebrugge, 
and it seems that its business was to present those who had turned 
out pigs into the wood beyond their allowance. It is not known 
where Powkebridge was, but there are many streams in the northern 
part of the parish of Eynsham where the woods of the abbot were. 

One part of the parish, called Tilgarsley, is somewhat puzzling. 
In 1279 \Hundred RoUs^ ii. 859) it is described as a hamlet of 
Eynsham, occupied entirely by naiivi^ and apparently containing 



PREFACE xlvil 

twenty-fotir virgates. At the time of the Black Death all the nattvi 
died, and the land became the demesne of the abbot (see below, 
pp. 76, 77). From that time the hamlet ceased to exist, but the 
name survived, and the manorial court, which was regularly held 
until after 1890, was known as the court of the ' manors of Eynsham 
and Tilgarsley', or in earlier days 'manor of Eynsham cum Til- 
garsley ', a more correct title. Where the hamlet stood is not known. 
We might expect that it was near Tilgar's Ditch, which was on the 
west boundary of the parish (vol. i, p. 24); but a study of the 
Cartulary suggests that we should rather look for it on the north-east 
side, near Hanborough. It was evidently to the north of the parish, 
for the boundary of the forest of Wychwood passed across the 
northern end of Eynsham, and it was in dispute whether Tilgarsley 
was within the forest or without (vol. ii, p. 107); and as Tilgarsley is 
so often mentioned in connexion with Hanborough, it is probable 
that it was towards the east boundary of the parish. 

After the inhabitants of Tilgarsley had died, it seems that the abbot 
enclosed the land. It is not certain at what date this was done. In 
the rentals of 1389 and 1406 (E. 32 and F. 19) Tilgarsley is hardly 
mentioned, for the abbot at that time had the land in his own hands; 
but in 1442 a rental of Tilgarsley (F. 14. 3) reveals that the land was 
divided into closes, each with its name, and was let out to tenants. It 
seems probable that this change had not taken place in 1370; for 
when the men of Hanborough claimed common of pasture in the 
open fields of Tilgarsley throughout every third year (see below, 
p. 105), the abbot replied that the custom of Tilgarsley was that the 
land lay fallow every fourth year, not every third year ; and if the 
land had been enclosed he would hardly have used this language. 
But the matter is not certain ; for the main plea of the abbot, and 
evidently that on which he gained the verdict, was that the men 
of Hanborough only had common of pasture within the bounds of 
the forest of Wychwood, and that Tilgarsley was without not within 
these bounds. He may have advanced his other plea merely to 
non-suit his opponents on a technical point. At any rate, by 1442 
the land of Tilgarsley had been turned into closes ; and a manuscript 
map of Eynsham of the year 1782 shows that while there were open 
fields around the vill (k Eynsham, and stretching to the western 
boundary of the parish, the land was enclosed towards the north-east, 
south of Eynsham wood, in a way that was most unusual in Oxford- 
shire. 

Another hamlet of Eynsham was called Hampstall. It lay towards 
the west of the parish ; and in 1467, when the abbey retained no land 



xlviii CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

in demesne but let it out to tenants, the rent from Hampstall was 
more than £23 (F. 33). 

It is disappointing that so few rolls of the officers of the monastery 
survive. We have the rolls of the cellarer for 1390 (E. 31), 1406 
(F. 20) and 1470 or 1471 (F. 28), and the roll of the chamberlain for 
1404 (F. 27), all of which are printed below, but none of them are 
complete. We have no rolls of the coquinarius^ the sacrist, or the 
almoner. We know that the income of the almoner was between 
£6 and £6 10^., and that the sacrist had some rents to support his 
office. 

It is also disappointing that neither the Cartulary nor the Harleian 
Rolls throw any light on the extent and style of the monastic 
buildings; in fact nothing is known about them beyond what may 
be gathered from the rough sketch,^ which is here reproduced, taken 
by Anthony Wood in 1657. What he then saw was pulled down 
a few years later, as he tells us in his diary ; and although Buck in 
1729 issued a print of the west end of the Abbey, it was an imaginary 
reconstruction *• from a drawing taken Anno 1657, which now is in the 
possession of the Learned and Curious Antiquary Brown Willis, Esq.* 

In the Year Book of 19 Ed. Ill, pp. i-io (Rolls Series) is a record 
of a dispute between the abbot and ten or eleven of the inhabitants 
of Eynsham. The latter, who held sixteen virgates between them, 
claimed to be freeholders, paying a fixed rent of 5^. a virgate^ 
and asserted that their ancestors had held the land on these terms 
at the time when Eynsham was the demesne of William the Con- 
queror; they even undertook to give the names of their ancestors at 
that time ; the abbot on the other hand claimed that they were villeins, 
and in the case of three the claim seems to have been undeniable. 
The record throws but little light on Eynsham, and the assertion of 
continued and unaltered tenure from the days of William the Conqueror 
is more bold than convincing. No documentary evidence was pro- 
duced. 

Filkins* Ralf Murdac gave the abbey half a hide in Filkins in 
1174 (vol. i, p. 87); it, or part of it, was worth 6s. a year in 1269 
(ib., p. 11) and 5^. 2d, shortly afterwards; but in 1291 it was 6x. 
(TaxaHoy p. 44). The same rent was paid in 1390, being received 
by the precentor (Hari. Roll E. 31), but by 1535 it had disappeared; 
perhaps it was included in the properties that were leased to Bruerne 
Abbey. 

Fulbrook, Bucks. About 1155 Wigan of Walingford gave to 

* It will also be found in Wood's Life and Times ^ vol. i, p. 228. 








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PREFACE xlix 

Eynsham land at Fulbrook in Hogshaw, Bucks., to the value of 6ar. 
a year (vol. i, p. loi); it was two hides in extent (ib., p. 55). After 
it had been granted in perpetuity to the family of Purcell for a rent of 
two marks a year (ib., p. 133), the abbey made an effort to recover it by 
purchase, but unsuccessfully (ib., p. 7 and note). In 1252 the abbey 
purchased other land in Fulbrook (ib^ p. 201) and in 1268 leased all 
their land to Nicholas Aurifaber at a rent of six marks (ib., p. 249). 
In 1 281 the rent was only 4 marks (ib., p. 312), and it stood at that 
figure in 1 291 (Taxation p. 46). Subsequently it was held by Roger 
de Bray and his wife at the rent of six marks (vol. i, p. 380), and m 
1350 of seven marks (ib., p. 390). In 1390 the rent had fallen to 
five marks (Harl. RoU E. 31) and in 1535 it had only risen to 
£3 8x. 4</. ( ValoTy ii. 208). 

A manorial court belonged to this property, but no court rolls 
survive. It seems that Eynsham did not retain this manorial court in 
its own hands, but granted the right of holding it to the tenant of the 
manor (vol. i, p. 313). 

Gloucester. The abbey held at least two tenements in Gloucester 
by the middle of the thirteenth century (vol. i, pp. 204, 228); the 
names of the donors are given us but the original grants are not 
preserved. In 1390 the rents from Gloucester produced i8j. (Harl. 
Roll E. 31), but in 1535 the amount was only 4^. (Valor ^ ii. 209), 
received from a tenement of Mr. Rawlens (vol. ii, p. 251). 

GrafiFasn, Sussex. We possess a deed which mentions that 
Ejmsham had property at Graffam (voL i, p. 82), but there is no 
further trace of it. 

Goring. Eynsham possessed in this manor one hide of land and 
twenty-seven acres by the gift of William de Druval (vol. i, p. 106). 
It was called Childeslonde, and seems to have adjoined the boundary 
of South Stoke (vol. ii, p. 125), and was not kept distinct from the 
land in South Stoke in the monastic accounts. 

Hanborough* The accounts of the collectors of rents in Eyn- 
sham show that the abbey received about i^s. a year from Hanborough. 
Six shillings of this was a quitrent from the abbot of Oseney for ' le 
Brech et Oseneyslond ' (R 32). The Hundred Rolls do not mention 
that Eynsham had this, or any other rent, in Hanborough; but 
Oseney Charter 349, among the Bodleian Charters, shows that it was 
an old quitrent and that about 1280 Oseney became responsible for 
its payment In 1291 {Taxatio, p. 44) this was the only possession of 
Eynsham in Hanborough; in 1441, 'by a certain agreement between 
the two abbots,' about which more will be found under Brizenorton, 
Oseney ceased to pay this rent (F. 13) ; if any of the other rents in 

II d 



1 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Hanborough survived until 1535, there is no separate mention of 
them in the Valor. 

Hempton. In, or before, the year 12 13, Wido de Diva and his 
wife Lucy de Chesney gave to Eynsham a virgate of land in Hempton 
in the parish of Deddington (vol. L 157). In 1254 it was worth loj. 
a year (vol. L 306), but subsequently the estimate was 8^. (voL i. 14). 
In 1 291 the sum was loj. (TdxatiOy p. 43) ; for the entry * abbas de 
Eynesham habet ibidem in terns et redditibus £3 loj.' must represent 
the three payments in the parish of Deddington, namely 20s. from 
Dotard's Mill, 40X. from Clifton Mill, and lor. from Hempton. The 
rent remained at loj. in 1390 (E. 31), and 1470 (G. 2). At the court 
of Milcombe held in 1452 it was presented that the house of Richard 
Hyde in Hempton was out of repair ; and at the court held June 8, 
1453) h^ surrendered his tenement into the hands of the lord, paying 
a heriot ; the next tenant was Richard Tyso. In the computus of 
the collector of rents in Milcombe in 1470 (G. 2), it is stated that 
Richard Hyde, who held this land as a customary tenant of the manor 
of Milcombe, was bound to attend the coiu-t at Milcombe once in the 
year, if he received due notice. Though this holding is not mentioned 
in 1535, the rent is no doubt included in the £5 6x. 8dl 'from the 
lordship of Mylcombe * ( Valor ^ ii. 208). 

Hejrford ad Pontem* A mediety of this church was given to 
Eynsham about the year 1173 (vol. i, p. 109), and a pension of %os, 
a year from it was allowed by Sauit Hugh (ib., i, p. 46). The payment 
remained unaltered until 1535 {Valor^ ii. 211). 

Hejrford Warin. In a deed of about 11 80 mention is made of 
a hide of land in Heyford Warin, which had long been held by the 
members of the family of Chesney under the abbey of E3msham at a 
rent of 8x. a year (vol. i, p. 86). Though according to the deed the 
land was then freely surrendered to Eynsham, yet it must have been 
granted out again under the same terms; for in 1254 and 1270 the 
rent received from it was 8x. (ib., pp. 14 and 306), and in all subsequent 
accounts to the year 1535 ( Valor y ii. 209). When the land passed into 
the possession df New College, Oxford, the abbey receded from them 
this rent (vol. ii, p. 251). 

Histon, Cambridgeshire. Although this was one of the most 
valuable properties of Eynsham, we possess neither court roll nor com- 
putus of the manor. It was given to the abbey by Robert Bloet in 
1094 (vol. i, p. 36). About 1270 the rents of assize amounted to 
£47 6f. 8</. (ib., p. 39) ; and in 1291 it was vsdued cU £58 3^. 4^. 
{Taxaiio^ p. 269). In 1535 its value had sunk to £32 ( Valor y ii 209), 
and the return for 1539 is nauch the same (vol. ii, p. 250). From the 



PREFACE li 

year 1191 the church paid a pension to Eynsham of 4 marks (vol. i, p. 
230), and among the rectors was Hugh of Burford who gave Drowda 
Hall to Eynsham (vol. i, p. 195 ; vol. ii, p. 176.) In 1268 the church 
was appropriated, and in 1291 was valued at £20 net, the vicar re- 
ceiving £4 6x. 8</. as well {Taxatto^ p. 265). In 1535 it was worth 
£20 gross, from which £8 was deducted for the vicar {Vahry ii. 210}. 
In 1390 the rectory and the manor produced £81 10^. id, (Harl. Roll 
E. 31). In 1445 Eynsham received £1 1 6^. 8</. from the rectory, from 
which a deduction was allowed to ih^firmarim of £3 13J. ^d, paid ' ad 
novam facturam pontis Cantebrigie ', being part of £30 imposed upon 
the manor of Histon for that purpose (Harl. Roll H. i). Another 
computus which is undated, but probably of much the same date, re- 
cords that the manor and the rectory were leased to William Wighton 
for an annual payment of £32 (Harl. Roll K. 33). We do not know 
why the sum was so small ; but there may have been some extra- 
ordinary expenses that were laid upon the lessee, as by way of repairs, 
which might account for it. 

Langley. In, or about, the year 11 80 the abbey was granted one- 
third of the tithes of the demesne of Langley (vol. ii, p. 47). In 1239 
they are described as the tithes of the ancient demesne of Thomas de 
Langele (voL i, p. 3) and in 1270 were worth 5^. (ib., p. 14). In 1279 
the demesne was three carucates {Hundred RoUsy ii. 739), but the 
ancient demesne may have been smaller. Like other small spiritual 
possessions, this tithe does not appear in the Taxaiio^ but it was con- 
firmed to the abbey in 1320 (ib., p. 376), and in 1390 is mentioned as 
paid to the sacrist, though the value is not given (Harl. Roll E. 31). 
^7 153s '^ seems to have been lost, for it is not to be found in the 

Ledcombe Basset, Berks. Before mo Gilbert Basset granted 
to Eynsham the tenth of his cheese and wool in all his land (i. 36) ; 
what manors he held is not mentioned ; but we may safely attribute to 
him the possession by Eynsham of the tithe of wool in Ledcombe 
Basset It was worth 26^. %d. in 1291 (Taxah'o, p. 186) and in 1390 
was leased to Magister John Denby for 401'. (E. 31), but in 1535 pro- 
duced only 13J. 4d, {Valor, ii. 210). 

Lemhill. In 1192 Ralf Murdac gave Eynsham his mill 'in 
Broughton towards Lemhill ' (vol. i, p. 84). A subsequent deed (no. 
90A) shows that it was sometimes reckoned to be witlun Lemhill, a 
detached portion of the manor of Broughton. Part of the sum of 1 5^ . 
received from Broughton in 1254 was no doubt from this mill (ib., p. 
306), and in 1269 the sum of 14^. was received 'from a mill ' (ib., p. 
11). In 1279 it is described as * West Mulle ' in Broughton {Hundred 

d2 



Hi CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Roils, ii 698). In 1390 the *rent from LemhiU' was 8x. In 1535 
the Valor makes no mention of it, but the handwriting of chart 90A 
proves that it was retained until near the end of the fifteenth century. 
In 1470 (Harl. Roll G. 2) the computus roll for Shifford and the 
neighbourhood says that a * placea vocata le MuUe ', formerly in the 
tenure of John Langeley at a rent of 6s, 8^., had been alienated to 
him by the abbot and convent ten years previously, but whether this 
is to be identified with Lemhill is uncertain. 

Merton. The church, given to Eynsham by David king of Scot- 
land (vol. i, pp. 41 and 45), paid a pension of 30J. to the abbey 
(ib.,p. 56). In 1357 it was appropriated, but pensions from it of 20X. 
and loj'. were reserved to the bishop and the chapter of Lincoln (vol. ii, 
p. 116). In 1390 the tithes were sold for £24 (Harl. Roll E. 31), 
but subsequently decreased in value. About 1405-14 10 the profits 
of the church were given to increase the private allowance of the 
monks, and though the record is not complete the rectory seems 
to have produced about £8 los, (ib., F. 27). In 1535 the gross value 
was £12 9^., but the stipends of the vicar and clerk, the gifts to 
Lincoln, and loj. in alms to the poor of Merton, reduced the value to 
less than £2 (Valor, ii. 211). The return in 1539 is similar, but more 
detailed, and there is no mention of alms to the poor (vol. ii, p. 254). 

Mickleton. The manor of Mickleton, Gloucestershire, is mentioned 
among the possessions of Eynsham in Domesday, but we know little 
about its value. In 1291 the temporals of Eynsham in the parish 
of Mickleton consisted of six carucates of land, a mill, and the per- 
quisites of the manorial courts, worth in all £13 2s. Sd. {Taxalio, 
p. 236). In 1390 the profits of the manor were £22 is. Sd. (E. 31). 
We have a computus of this property for the year 1338 (E, 27), when 
the bailiff who managed the land and collected the tithes showed a 
profit of more than £70 j and a computus of 1447 shows that a lease 
of the rectory and manor had been granted for thirteen years, beginning 
1446, at the rent of £66 13^. 4^/., the tenants being bound to do all 
repairs and bear all charges laid on the manor and rectory (A. 42). 

Though the church of Mickleton belonged to Eynsham from early 
times, yet it is omitted in the archiepiscopal confirmations of the years 
115s to 1200 (i. 56-59). As early as 11 84 the abbey took a share 
of the tithe (i. 137), and a deed of the bishop of Worcester of 1278, 
describing this share in detail, asserts that it was of immemorial 
antiquity. In 129 1 the rector of Mickleton received £11 6s, Sd., and 
the abbey £1 in money and £7 in tithes (Taxalt'o, p. 223). In 1338 
the abbey received tithes from Quinton worth £4 iSs,, and a pension 
of £1 (Harl. Roll E. 27) from the church of Mickleton, the tithes 



PREFACE liii 

in Mickleton which belonged to the abbey being no doubt included 
in the fanning receipts. The church was appropriated to Eynsham in 
1351, and a vicarage appointed in 1353; the vicar was to have a 
stipend of ten marks with other allowances, and the bishop of Worcester 
was to be paid a pension of one mark a year (ii. 111-113). In 1390 
Eynsham received £35 from the tithes of Mickleton, 70J. from the 
altarage, 5x. from Peter's Pence, 6</. from the tithes of flax and gardens, 
3 J. from the tithe of pigs, 3J. from the tithe of pigeons, and 13^. 4^. 
from the tithe of milk (E. 31), while the vicar was duly paid his stipend 
of £6 13^. 4^. At a later date there must have been another com- 
position between Eynsham and the Vicar, for in 1526 the stipend 
paid to him was £8,* and in 1535 the whole emoluments of the 
vicarage were estimated at £9 14X. 3^. (Valor ^ iL 502). We also 
find that at that date a pension of 13^. 4^. a year was paid from the 
church of Mickleton to the chapter of Worcester.* In the return 
made in 1535 the diurch of Mickleton is not enumerated among the 
spiritual possessions of Eynsham^ but as it was the custom to lease 
the tithes together with the demesne land, the sum of £80 received 
from Mickleton included the profits of the church ( Valor, ii. 209), 
as is dear from the accounts of 1539 (^oL "> P- 25a). The abbey 
of Winchcombe possessed a portion of tithe at Hidecot within the 
parish of Mickleton as early as 1184 (i. 137); in 1291 the portion 
of Winchcombe was estimated to be worth 10s, {Taxatto^ 223); but 
in 1390 (E. 31) and 1526 {Subsidy^ p. 280) the payment from Eynsham 
to Winchcombe was only six shillings. 

Milcombe. The property of 3^ hides in Milcombe, held in 
Domesday by Aluric, passed to Nigel d'Oilly (vol. i, p* xxxvi), and was 
given by him to Eynsham before mo ; it was valued at 40^. a year, 
and seems to have been intended for the maintenance of one 
monk, to be nominated by Nigel d'Oilly and his heirs (ib., p. 36). 
About 1256 Eynsham was given one virgate in Milcombe (vol. i, 
p. 2 1 2) and about the same time granted a hide to Alexander Busseby 
and his heirs at a rent of 15J. (ib., p. 214). About 1270 the property 
was worth £3 6s, Sd. a year (ib,, p. 14), and in 1291 the estimate was 
£3 lar. {Taxa/iOf p. 44). In 1423, 1438, and 1470 (Harl. Rolls, 
I. 18, I. 17, G. 2) the rents of assize were £3 12s, 2d,, and the 
*auxilium custumariorum * £1 10s,; the deductions were 3^. 4^., the 
stipend of the collector of the rents, 6s. Sd. to the bailiff of the Hundred 
of Bloxham, and 6^. 8^. to the sheriff, for relaxing the suit of 
the abbot at the Hundred Court and the Sheriff 's turn. In 1390, 

' Snbsidy of 1536^ is wrongly assigned to Evesham instead 

' ya/or, iii« 226, where the payment of Enesnam. 



liv CARTULARY Ot EYNSHAM 

when Thomas Busseby was collector of rents, the net proceeds were 
£4 15X. (E. 31), m 1535 £5 ( Valor^ ii. ao8), in both cases including, 
no doubt, the rents from Hempton and Nether Worton, and in the 
latter case the profits of the courts as well. 

Not only have we the computus of the collector of rents in Milcombe 
for the years 1423, 1438, and 1470 (Harl. Rolls, I. 18, 1. 17, G. 2), 
but we also have the rolls of seven courts held there from September 22, 
1451, to May 17, 1457 (I. 19). As at Chastleton, Eynsham had a 
manorial court with customary tenants, but without a manor house 
or demesne lands. The rents of the customary tenants must have 
been low, for the fines paid for the privilege of entering on a tenement 
were much higher than at Chastleton. Thus between the years 1451 
and 1457 the fines and heriots produced more than £14; and in 
1470 Thomas Monkin paid a fine of £4 lox. that his son might 
succeed him in his holding (HarL Roll G. 2). The court roll of 
May 17, 1457, mentions the death of Thomas Eberton, who held 
freely a carucate of land in Milcombe, doubtless the carucate once 
granted to Alexander Busseby, and about 1530 held by 'Mr. Byllyng' 
(vol. ii, p. 149). 

Milton, near Thame. About 1094 Robert Bloet, Bishop of 
Lincoln, gave to Eynsham the tithes of his demesne in Milton (i. 36 
and 233). In 1254 they were estimated to be worth $os. (i. 307); 
a few years later a lease of them was granted to the Dean of Lin- 
coln, for an annual payment of 33^. 4^/. (i. 223). By the time of 
the Taxatio of 1291 Eynsham had ceased to hold these tithes, 
having doubtless surrendered them to the bishop of Lincoln before 
he established the prebend of Milton Ecclesia in 1290. 

The abbey also possessed land in Milton. Four acres were given 
before 1169 by Roger de Cundi, and though there is no mention of 
them in 1279 {Hundred Rolls) yet in 1291 {Taxatio^ p. 44) Eynsham 
has property in Milton. In 1390 (E. 31) a rent from Milton was 
paid to the collector of Woodeaton, but the amount is not mentioned. 
In 1470 (G. 2) the collector of the rents of Woodeaton states that 
the tenement in Milton which used to pay 3^. 4^/., now yields only 
IS. Sd. In 1535 {Valor, ii. 209) the rents from Milton and Baldon 
are not mentioned, but as they were paid at Woodeaton they may be 
included in the sums returned from Woodeaton. 

Milton-under-Wy chwood. Before 1 1 67 Richard son of William 
gave to Eynsham the tithe of two hides, his demesne in Milton (i. 2 
and 116), and Roger son of Salomon subsequently confirmed this 
gift, and gave twelve acres of land (i. 117). In 1254 and 1270 the 
possession was worth 26/. Sd. (i. 307 and 15), and there can be little 



PREFACE Iv 

doubt that Eynsham surrendered its land and tithes in Milton to the 
abbey of Bnieme at a permanent rent of 26^. 8^. In 1320 the tithe 
in Milton is described as due from the demesne of N. de Gardino 
(i* 376). In 1390 a rent of 26^. 8dl was due from the abbot of 
Bnieme, but it was not paid (£. 31), and before long it seems to have 
been reduced to 13^. 4^. 'due for land in Milton' (ii. 48). In 
1535 ^^ payment from Bnieme was 40X., but this was for land not 
only in Milton but also in Showell {Volar ^ ii. 209). 

Minster LovelL Before mo Roger de Chesney gave to 
Eynsham the tithe of his land in *Ministre', i.e. LitUe Minster, 
in Minster Lovell (vol. i, p. 36). In 1239 it is described more fully 
as being the tithe of a hide called Murdakshide in 'Ministre' (ib., p. 2). 
It was worth 6s. Sd. in 1254 (ib., p. 307), and 10s. in 1270 (ib., p. 14), 
Although there is no mention in the Tuxatio that any tidie in Minster 
Lovell was paid to Eynsham, yet in 1320 the abbey still held the 
tithes 'of the land of W. de Cantelowe' in Minster (ib., p. 376). 
In 1390 we learn that these tithes were received by the sacrist, but 
their value is not given (E. 31). We cannot trace them subsequently, 
and by the time of the Vahr of 1535 it seems that the abbey no 
longer possessed them. Perhaps when the possessions of the priories 
of Coggs and Mmster Lovell were given to Eton, an arrangement 
was made by which Eton surrendered to Eynsham tithes in Cassington, 
while Eynsham surrendered to Eton tithes in Minster Lovel. 

Motilsford. Robert de Oilly gave to Eynsham his land in 
Moulsford (vol. i, p. 72), one hide in extent (ib., p. 391). It appears 
that the abbey must have granted it away in perpetuity, retaining only 
a quitrent of 4^. (vol. i, p. 391), which it received until the Dissolu- 
tion (iL 241). 

Nauntoiiy Gloucestershire. Eynsham possessed a share of tithe 
in Naunton in early times (vol i, p. 63), but the donor is unknown. 
In 1253 it was granted to the prior of Little Malvern for a yearly 
payment of 25^. (ib., p. 205), but by the TaxaHo of 1291 this property 
was held no longer. 

The abbey also had half a hide of land given about 1 180 (ib., p. 76). 
A rent of 9J. was received from 'Neuton super le Wold' in 1391, 
1442, and 1465 (Harl. Rolls, B. 2, K. 32, and A. 42) and in some 
other years. The rent was collected with the rents sometimes of Wick 
Rissington and sometimes of Brookend, and possibly in the VcUor of 
1535 the property at Naunton is included under one of those two 
heads. In 1465 (A« 42) it is described as a messuage and a virgate. 

Netherworton. About 1 255 or 1 256 Eynsham was given a rent of 
41. in Nether Worton (L 212), and held it in 1279 {Hundred Rolls, ii. 



Ivi CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

p. 842), and in 1 29 1 {Taxa/io, p* 43). The payment appears in the 
computus of the collector of rents in MOcombe in the years 1423, 
1438, and 1470 (I. i8» I. 17, G. 2). In 1423 it is described as being 
from the tenement late of Thomas Urry, while at the court of 
Milcombe held on May 13, 1452, it was presented that William 
Birmingham had withheld his rent of 4s, in ' Nethiroreton * for many 
years. It is not mentioned in the accounts of 1390 (E. 31), nor in 
the Valor of 1535 ; but as it was collected with the rents of Milcombe, 
there is no doubt that in both cases it is included in the return from 
Milcombe. 

Newington. The church of South Newington was given to 
Eynsham by Hugh de Chesney and Dionisia his wife before 1166 
(vol i, p. 81), and a pension of 4^. a year was allowed by St. Hugh 
(ib., p. S?)' In 1399 the abbey was granted the appropriation of the 
church (vol. ii, p. 160). From 1437 to 1439 ^^ rectorial tithes were 
leased to Richard Fox at £18 a year (Harl. Roll F. 12); about 1440 
John Shadde had a lease of them for £16 a year (Harl. Roll K. 33), 
and in 1448 they were held for the same sum byEdmimd Parson, 
who had a fifteen years' lease from March 26, 1442 ; by its terms he 
was to repair all buildings roofed with straw ; if they were roofed with 
stone, any expense in repairs beyond twelve pence was to be borne 
by the abbey; the abbey was to pay the vicar's stipend of £8, and an 
annuity of 6s. Sd, to the deacon of the church, and all ordinary and 
extraordinary expenses of the rectory; but Utit firmartus was respon- 
sible for twelve bushels of com ^ given to the aforesaid parish clerk ' 
according to custom, being a bushel for each month, also for the oil, 
chrism, and incense used in the church, for the expenses of the 
bishop's officials, who visited the church, and the claim he made 
against the abbey for 2x. spent on bread and wine for the com- 
munion of the parishioners at Easter, and 6s. for i2lb. of wax and 
6d. for making it into candles was disallowed, 'for the firmar was 
responsible for them by his agreement'* Two of the charges on the 
rectory borne by the abbey were a pension of 20s. to the bishop of 
Lincoln, and of 1 3^. ^d. for procurations and sinodals ( Valor ^ ii, p. 2 10). 
In 1537, when the monasteries were disposing of their properties to 
forestall the kmg, Eynsham granted to George Gifford a lease of the 
rectory for ninety years : he was to pay £8 to the vicar, 6s. Sd. to the 
'deacon or clerk ', and £8 to the abbot ; the twelve busheb of com 
were to go to the parishioners. No doubt a *fine', or purchase 
money, was paid for this lease ; but it is not mentioned. It appears 
that the rectory was worth much more than £16 by this time, and in 
^ Ministers' Accounts 961. 30 (Record Office). 



PREFACE Ivii 

1566 the lease, when it had sixty more years to ran, was sold for 
£280.* Ultimately the rectory came into the possession of Exeter 
College. 

Northleigh. The church of Northleigh was given to Eynsham 
about the year 1 150 by John de St John, the gift being repeated by 
his successor Regmald of St Walery (vol. i, pp. 130-31), but there 
is no mention of it when Thomas of St Walery confirmed his grand- 
father's gifts (ib., p. 40). It is suggested (ib., p. 130 ^i.) that this 
possession was surrendered or lost soon after the compilation of the 
first part of the Cartulary. In 1225 Robert, Count of Dreux, who 
married the daughter and heiress of Thomas of St Walery, was in 
possession of the patronage of the church. ' It may be added that 
the original grant (Charter 174) has found its way into New College 
Muniment Room, probably having been given to the College by 
oversight together with the similar Charter, no. 152. 

Oxford. We have no means of giving a satisfactory history of the 
possessions of Eynsham in Oxford, as our Cartulary and the Harleian 
Rolls both M us. The former omits them for the most part because 
there was a separate cartulary, now lost, which dealt with them 
(see vol. ii, p. 222), and they do not appear in the Eynsham computus 
rolls because the student, whom the abbey was bound to support at 
the University according to the regulations of the Chapter of English 
Benedictines, collected and kept the rents of the Eynsham tenements 
in Oxford, in place of receiving an allowance from the monastery 
(see vol. i, p. 436). The Hundred Rolls of 1279 give us our first and 
only information of many of these possessions, and we cannot tell 
how they were acquired or how they were lost. It is certain that they 
continually decreased in number and value, and what we see to have 
been worth more than £15 a year in 1279 was estimated to be worth 
no more than £2 in 1535 (see vol ii, p. 247). 

All Saints. It is clear from the Hundred Rolls that Eynsham 
owned nothing in the northern half of this parish. In the southern 
half it had two rents, one of which remained in 1539 and is described 
as 6s. Sd, from the house of Mr. Kent (vol.ii, p. 253). This is identi- 
fied by Mr. Hurst {Ox/ord Topography, p. 172) with 131 High Street. 

St. Axdate's. In the Hundred Rolls the parishes of St. Aldate 
and St Ebbe are not clearly distinguished, but a quitrent of a is. re- 
ceived by Eynsham from the Hospital of St John for a tenement 

> An accoant of South Newington by ' Rotuii Hugonis Welles, iL 18 (Cant 
the Rev. D. Roycc, p. 34 (published by and York SocJ. 
the North Oxon. Archaeological Soc). 



Iviii CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

which had once belonged to Philip le Granger seems to be in St. 
Aldate's (Hundred Rolls ^ ii. 789). In 1539 Magdalen College paid a 
quitrent of a u. to Eynsham, but we do not know on what tene- 
ment (vol. ii, p. 254). 

St. Ebbs's. In die Hundred Rolls (ii. 790) Eynsham has six rents 
from this parish, but in 1539 only one remained, a payment of 3^. a 
year from Beef Hall. Neither Wood nor Mr. Macleane {flisL of Pern- 
broke CoU.^ p. 43) is able to trace the history of Beef Hall so far 
back as to connect it with one of the holdings of Eynsham mentioned 
in 1279. 

One of the properties of Eynsham was in Pennyfarthing 
Street (see Book of Oxford Wills, no. 52). Our Cartulary mentions 
a holding outside the walls, between Little Gate and South Gate (see 
vol. i, p. 181). It may be identified with the four tenements which, 
according to the Himdred Rolls, Galfridus Aurifaber held under Eyn- 
sham, having purchased them of Symeon of Wallingford. It would be 
on the south side of Brewers Street, somewhat to the east of Little 
Gate. 

St. Edward's. For the south-east ward of Oxford the Hundred 
Rolls are imperfect, and we are unable to say with certainty what 
Eynsham possessed. But in 1539 it received a payment of is. from 
Silver Hall (see vol. ii, p. 254). As a rental of University College * 
informs us that Silver Hall was a possession of Canterbury College, it 
is probable that it was in St. Edward's parish. Another tenement of 
the abbey is mentioned and described in vol ii, p. 245. It was on 
the south side of what is now called Bear Lane, and probably had a 
frontage of 10 or 15 yards, as there were only four or five tenements 
in the whole length of Bear Lane. In the Cartulary ofSL Frideswide 
(i. 150-3) we learn that it lay on the west of Sampson Hall. 

St. Martin's Parish. In 1539 Eynsham received lox. annual 
rent from the ' King's Head ', paid by Mr. Woodward (vol. ii, p. 253). 
This tenement, which was also called Pery Hall, lay south of the 
Clarendon and north of Sewy's Lane, and is now the shop of Twining. 
To judge from the Hundred Rolls (ii. 794) where the houses are 
mentioned in order according to their geographical position, the tene- 
ment of Eynsham for which Richard Pach paid i2x. in 1279 would be 
the northern half of Twining's shop. 

In 1534 New College paid a quitrent to Eynsham of i2x. 6</., and, 
as is clear from deeds at New College, it was due from a shop on the 
west side of Commarket south of Sewy's lane, with land behind, being 

* Wood MS. D. 3, p. 35. 



PREFACE lix 

now part of the site of the buildings of Grimbley and Hughes. The 
Hundred Rolls (ii. 794) show that Eynsham had five shops or selds 
at this part of the Commarket, some of which probably were in 
Sewy's lane. Part of this property is there stated to have been given 
by Henry de Oxonia, who died about 1166, father of John de Oxonia^ 
bishop of Norwich. 

We can locate another possession of Eynsham by means of a draw- 
ing preserved at New College, giving the geography of Sewy's lane in 
1637, which shows a garden measuring about 70 feet from east to west 
and 36 feet from norUi to south, described in the terrier as originally 
land of Eynsham abbey. It lay immediately to the east of the turning 
from Sewy's lane into the Drapery (i. e. *the Crown') and was bounded 
on the north by Sewy's lane, and can still be traced in the Ordnance 
Survey. It did not pass into the possession of New College. 

The Htmdred Rolls mention another holding of Eynsham near St. 
Martin's Church, being a quitrent of 8x. This may be identified with 
a messuage, called Helle, which was given to Oseney in 1345, the 
licence of the abbot of Eynsham having been obtained. From an 
Oseney deed we learn that it was next to Sl Martin's Church on the 
north side in Commarket. It was stipulated that Eynsham should 
receive what was due and accustomed, but in 1534 and 1539 no rent 
is recorded. It is known that there was a rearrangement of payments 
between the abbeys of Eynsham and Oseney, Oseney surrendering 
part of the sum due from the church of Brizenorton ; probably in 
return Eynsham surrendered this and other rents in Oxford. 

In the north-east ward Eynsham had a considerable holding at the 
comer of High Street and Cornmarket {Hundred Rolls, ii. 798, 804). 
Probably part of this survived until 1534 and is represented by the 
quitrent of 13X. 4^., paid on a house which had been given to the church 
of St Aldate (vol. ii, p. 253). In 1539 ^^ ^^ occupied by William 
Spenser; in 1665 Wood says it was the house of Philipps the shoe- 
maker, but he does not describe its position (Wood, MS. D. 2, p. 69). 
Perhaps it will prove to be la Commarket. 

St. Mart's. In 1279 Eynsham received 53^. 4^. from a house in 
this parish ' juxta bellum frontem ', and 3^. from the house of Thomas 
Balle {Hundred Rolls, ii. 804) The former was Stapell Hall opposite 
the gate of Brasenose, Beaufront being the name for the west side of 
the north end of School Street ; the latter was on the west side of Cat 
Street (see vol ii, p. 1 66). Stapell Hall was granted to Lincoln College 
in 1483 (vol. ii, p. 205). 

For the southern part of St. Mary's parish the Hundred Rolls are 
incomplete, but from Oseney charters we learn that Eynsham had a 



Ix CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

qukrent of u. 3^. from Broadgates Hall, which was situated in Uie 
High Street to the west of University College. 

St. Michael's North. In 1279 Eynsham had a large holding 
on the west side of Commarket consisting of a messuage and three 
shops, apparently 43-45 Commarket (Hundred Rolh^ ii. 794). In 
1539 there remained only * the house of Nicholas Hall within North- 
gate' (vol. ii, p. 253). From deeds preserved at the church of St. 
Michael we learn that No. 44 Commarket belonged to Eynsham, that 
it subsequently was in the hands successively of Mr. Gimter and Mr. 
French. From the same deeds we gather that by the beginning of 
the sixteenth century Eynsham no longer held No. 45 Commarket 

On the same side of Commarket Eynsham had a rent of three 
shillings given by Philip the Miller (vol. i, p. 188). This was retained 
in 1539 but was reduced to *■ tMro shillings from a tenement of St. 
Michael's church '. This tenement was, and is, 48-50 Commarket, 
and the entry in the Hundred Rolls shows that it was the southern 
part of this tenement which paid rent to Eynsham. 

On the east side of Commarket Eynsham had in 1279 four selds 
or shops producing 47J. in rent, and two tenements held by Nicholas 
the miller. These two tenements were in a lane or alley opposite the 
pillory, and some details about them may be found in vol. ii, pp. 226-9. 
For the four selds which seem to have been adjacent to one another 
to the north of the alley, see vol. ii, p. 223. In 1539 ^^7 ^^^ 
become *two decayed tenements in Northgate Street' (vol. ii. 

P- 353)- 

St. Michael's South. In 1279 E)msham received six rents from 
houses on the west side of Grantpont ; for the east side the Hundred 
Rolls are defective, but there is mention of a rent of 3^. from Nicholas 
de Coleshille. This may be identified with the quitrent of 3 j. received 
by Eynsham from Trill Mill Hall, alias Trintle Hall, up to the Dissolu- 
tion (vol. ii, pp. 248, 253); for John de Coleshille held Trill Mill 
Hall early in the fourteenth century (see Oxford Book of Wills, no. 3). 
The holding of William Piscator {Hundred Rolls, ii. 789) is that men- 
tioned in our Cartulary (vol. i, p. 288). In 1539 ^ rent of Ss. 6d, 
was paid by the warden of the Tailors' Guild for a house on Grand- 
pont (vol. ii, p. 253). This is identified by Wood with a public-house 
called * The Wheaisheaf ' on the west side of the street. The Oxford 
Book of Wills (nos. 217 and 241) mentions a grant of four houses in 
Grantpont to the Guild of Tailors. 

Besides the possessions of Eynsham enumerated in the Hundred 
Rolls, it probably obtained one other tenement after 1279. In the 
Cartulary (vol. i, p. 301) there is recorded the gift of a house near 



PREFACE Ixi 

the church of St. Michael. The property is duly 'mentioned in the 
Hundred Rolls (ii. 803) but it had not at that time come into the 
possession of Eynsham. 

St. Mildrid's. In 1279 Eynsham received 4s. from Richard de 
Hambiri from a tenement in St. Mildrid's {Hundred Rolls^ ii. 804). 
In the Cartulary (vol. i, p. 289) he holds a piece of ground belonging 
to Ejmsham at a comer, between Galfridus de Submuro and a house 
belonging to Godstow, at a rent of 15J. 4^ Both these entries refer 
to Plummer's Hall, which stood at the junction of Ship Street and Turl 
Street at the north-east corner of Jesus College. It is known that 
Plummer's Hall was bounded on the south by property of Godstow.* 
For the sale of Plummer's Hall to Lincoln College see vol. ii, p. 205. 

Oseney charters and rentals make mention of a quitrent of \s. ^d. 
a year paid by Oseney to Eynsham on a tenement in St. Mildrid's 
parish on the north side of Market Street towards Commarket But 
the Hundred Rolls give no possession of Eynsham in this parish except 
Plummer's Hall, and it is probable that the tenement of Oseney ran 
northward into the parish of St. Michael, and that the rent was due for 
part of the tenement of Nicholas the Miller in Mulward's Lane, which 
had been united to the Oseney tenement in St. Mildrid's. 

St. Peter's in the East. The Hundred Rolls (ii, 804) show 
that Eynsham had five holdings in that part of the parish which was 
north of the High Street, but we can locate only one of them. There 
is mention in 1539 ^^ ^tt decayed tenements in Cat Street (vol. ii, 
p. 253) and there is good reason for placing them on the east side of 
the street at the north end and within the parish of St. Peter in the 
East. For in 1341 (vol. i, p. 389) we hear of an Eynsham tenement 
in Cat Street, between John Joie and John Bibury ; but about the 
same time Oseney obtained a tenement in Cat Street from John Bibury 
with the licence of the abbot of Eynsham, which tenement is described 
as in the parish of St. Peter. The tenement in Cat Street held by 
Henry of Derby (vol. i, p. 184) was doubdess in St Peter's. 

South of the High Street, Eynsham had a property near the East Gate 
(see voL i, p. 353). In 1539 we read of more than one tenement 
in this position (vol. ii, p. 253, see also p. 243). 

For a short time Drowda Hall in this parish was a possession of 
Eynsham (vol. ii, p. 175), and Oseney deeds and rentals record a 
quitrent of a is. received by Eynsham from a tenement called Quater- 
mayns in the northern part of St. Peter's parish. 

* Wood, CUy of Oxford, 1 68. From was held by Alice the wife of Hugh Eton, 
the Godstow Cartulary (v, 518, E. £. about 1230. 
Text Soc.) we learn that Plommer^s Hall 



Ixii CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

St. Pkter lk Bailky. In 1S39 there is mention of a tenement 
for which a quitrent of m. was paid by the churchwardens of St. 
Peter le Bailey (vol. ii, p. 254). It is not stated that it was in the 
parish of St. Peter le Bailey ; but the Hundred Rolls show that at 
one time Eynsham possessed at least three quitrents in that parish. 

Pentecostals. From the Pentecostals of Oxfordshire Eynsham 
ought to have received £7 6x. oJ</. each year (see voL i, p. 424), but 
in 1390 the only year for which we have an account of the income of 
the abbey, the amount was no more than igs. 7je/. (Harl. Roll E. 31). 
There must have been something exception^ in that year, for in 
1539 the sum was £6 19X. ii\d. (vol. ii, p. 254). 

Peter's Pence. A small profit accrued to the abbey from Peter's 
Pence of Eynsham, Cassington, Yamton, Charlbury, South Stoke, Little 
RoUright and Shifibrd. From early times the abbey had the privilege 
of paying no more than eight shillings in Peter's Pence for these 
churches and chapels (vol. i, pp. 2 and 47), but it appears that more 
than this amount was collected from the tenants, and the abbey was 
able to retain the diflference. Thus at Little Rollright, although the 
survey of 1363 makes no mention of the payment of Peter's Pence 
by the tenants (vol ii, p. 61), yet a computus of 1325 (Harl. Roll 
E. 27) mentions that eighteenpence was received. From Shifibrd the 
amount was at one time 16^., at another 16^., and finally 2id. Per- 
haps the amotmt varied in Shifford for the same reason as at South 
Stoke, where it was the custom that Peter's Pence should only be paid 
by those who possessed animals to the value of is. 6d. (vol. ii, p. 129). 
Although we have no computus which gives the amount collected from 
South Stoke, the return made in 1366 (vol. ii, pp. 129-33) shows 
that Peter's Pence were due from 45 tenants or more. Peter's Pence 
from Eynsham, perhaps including Cassington and Yamton, were 4^. 6d. 
in 1325 (E. 27), 3J. gd. in 1406 (F. 6), 5^. in 1415 (F. 7). Such 
accounts as we possess of the manor of Charlbury make no mention 
of Peter's Pence. On the other hand, although we have the items of 
the expenditure of the abbey for the three years 1390 (E. 31), 1406 
(F. 20) and 1470 (F. 21), the payment of Peter's Pence by the abbey 
occurs only in z 390, when 4^. was paid to the rural dean of Woodstock. 
This would be for the churches of Eynsham, Cassington, and Yamton, 
which were in that rural deanery. The entry suggests that it was 
the duty of the rural dean to collect Peter's Pence for the archdeacon. 
Pudlicot. The chapel of Pudlicot was given to Eynsham before 
1 167 (vol i, p. 2), but as the tithes of the demesne of Pudlicot, claimed by 
the rector of Sarsden, were confirmed to Eynsham in 1 181 (ib., p. 123), 
we conclude that by that year the chapel had ceased to exist and that 



PREFACE Ixiii 

its endowment had never been more than the tithes of the demesne. 
In 1254 they were of the value of 20s. (ib., p. 307), but in 1291 the 
portion of the abbot in the tithes of Pudlicot was only 5^. {Taxaiio, 
p. 32). In 1390 these tithes were paid to the sacrist of the abbey, 
but their value is not specified (E. 31). In 1448 William Bek3mg- 
ham farmed the tithes of Pudlicot for a payment to the sacrist of 
20s. (C. 2), but no further mention is found of this property. It may 
have been alienated, or, more probably, merged with the rectory of 
Charlbury. 

Eynsham also possessed temporal property in Pudlicot The con- 
jecture made in the previous volume (vol. i, p. 120) that the meadow 
of Wolgersham given by Alexander de Rumeli was situated in Pudlicot 
is confirmed by the words in Charter no. 621 (ii. 67), where we read 
that in 12 12 Walter of Chadlington held a meadow in Pudlicot 
under the abbot at a rent of 4^. This is probably the meadow of 
Wolgersham, although the rent of Wolger^am in the later rentab 
was always five shillings. As Pudlicot adjoined Chadlington, this 
rent in subsequent times was not kept distinct from the rents of 
Chadlington. 

Quintony Gloucestershire* It seems that Eynsham possessed 
two hides of land in Quinton, Gloucestershire, in early times (u 130), 
but how the land was obtained is unknown; possibly it was part 
of the original manor of Mickleton. Some smaJl rents were subse- 
quently given to Eynsham (i. 226, 229), but before long all claim 
on two virgates was renounced to the abbey of Winchcombe (L 265) 
for a sum of 10 marks; this sum suggests that the property was 
worth about lor. a year. In 1 29 1 Eynsham had no temporal property 
in Quinton, but had tithe of the value of £1 6s. Sd. (Taxatio, p. 223). 
This was still retained in 1320 (i. 377), and in 1325 was worth £4 iSs. 
(Harl. Roll E. 27), but there is no trace of it subsequently; it may be 
that the tithes which the abbey collected in Quinton were not kept 
apart from the tithes of Mickleton. The accotmts of the year 1390 
(E. 31) say that the abbot of Winchcombe should, but did not, 
pay a rent of 6d. ; but whether this was for Quinton (cp. i. 229) is not 
stated. 

Great RoUright. In 1239 Eynsham possessed the tithes of one 
hide of land in Rolhight (vol i, p. 5). In 1286 they are defined 
as being two-thirds of the tithes of 4^ virgates (ib., p. 324) and in 
1291 they were worth 6s. Sd. (Taxaiio, p. 32). There is no mention 
of them in 1320 (vol. i, p. 376), and by the lease of Little Roll- 
right, which was granted in 1435, the tenant was to take the tithes 
'which pertain to the manor'; no doubt these were the tithes in 



Ixiv CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Great Rollright, and in 1470 the tenant complains (G. 2) that his 
portion of tithe, worth 6x. 8</., was detained by the Rector (i. e. of Great 
RoHright). 

About 1 1 89 the abbey received seven acres by the gift of Juliana 
Tirel (vol. i, p. 105). We hear of it in 1275, when it was worth 
3J. a year (ib., p. 15), but we do not find it in the Hundred Rolls 
of 1279 or subsequently. 

Little Rollright. The manor of Little Rollright was given to 
Eynsham at its foundation (vol. i, p. 34). In 1254 the demesne was 
reckoned to be worth only 16s, a year, and rents of assize 40^. (vol. i, 
p. 306). About 1275 the abbot had two carucates worth 20J. a year 
(ib., p. 15). In 279 the demesne is said to consist of five virgates, and 
to be worth 66j. 8d?., while the whole manor is valued at £13 is.iod, 
(Hundred Rolls, ii. 774). In 1 291 it is estimated to be worth £4 2J. lod. 
(Taxatio, p. 44). In 1325 it was in the hands of the abbey; rents 
were £3 i2X. and the five virgates of demesne were farmed by the 
bailiff. Hidage was 2s. 6d., ward silver i^d, and 5^. for suit of 
hundred court (Harl. Roll E. 27). In 1363, at which time part 
of the land was out of cultivation, the manor was worth £9 12s. 9^. 
(vol. ii, p. 62). At the time of this survey we gather that it was culti- 
vated on the two-field system. In 1390 the manor was let to farm at 
a rent of £8 13J. 4d. (Harl. Roll E. 31). In 1443 it was held by 
John Hamond under a lease of fifty years, at a rent of £7 13^. 4 A 
(Harl. Roll K. 32); he was to have all the demesne lands and the 
rents of the free and customary tenants, but not the profits of the 
courts. In z 447 the firmarius is named John Faukenor, being perhaps 
the guardian of John Hamond's heir, and the rent had been temporarily 
reduced to £5 6x. %d, (Harl. Roll, A. 42). In 1470 it was held once 
more by a John Hammond, under the lease of 50 years (Harl. Roll 
G. 2), which, as we learn, had been granted in 1435. In 153s it was 
worth £8 (Valor, ii. 208). 

We possess the computi of ihit firmarius for 1442, 1443 or 1444 and 
1447 (HarL Rolls K. 32, K. 33, A. 42) and records of the courts of June 
30, 1382 (Record Office, Court Rolb 197. 14), December 14, 1469, and 
May 9, 1470 (Harl. Roll K. 31). At one court we have the names 
of the customary tenants, with their holdings, which amounted to 
8J virgates ; at another court there is an entry that Henry Stevyns 
of Lynam, husbandman, has married Margaret Godefrey, 'nativa 
de sanguine ; ideo prosequatur breve.' 

From the church, Eynsham received a pension of los. from the 
twelfth century to the Dissolution. 

Sarsden. This church seems to have been given to Eynsham 



PREFACE Ixv 

before 1197, but it is not mentioned in the confirmation by St. Hugh 
(vol. i, p. 123). Probably the abbey did not obtain possession until 
1303 (ib., p. 134), and the pension of 13^. 4^. a year was granted 
by Bishop William (1204-6). It was still paid at the Dissolution 
(VtdoTy ii. 211). 

Saxey» Berks. In 1381, 1390, and 1470 the accounts of 
Eynsham record a rent of 10s, from a close in Saxey in Berks. (Harl. 
Rolls K. 41, E. 31, and G. 2). It is unknown where this property 
was, how it was obtained, or when it was lost. It is not mentioned 
either in the Taxaiio or the Valor. 

Shifford. The manor of Shifford belonged to Eynsham from its 
foundation. In Domesday Book it is reckoned to be three hides, and 
in 1279 it is recorded that the hidage was only 6j., although it 
appears that the manor contained more than four carucates; two 
carucates were in demesne, two held by villains, and one virgate was 
held by a freeman who was bound to give suit in place of the abbot 
at the County court and the Hundred court {Hundred Rolls, ii. 701). 
In 1360 the account given was very similar. The demesne arable was 
161 measured acres, the meadows and pasture were about 100 acres, 
the villains had 8 virgates, each of 40 acres (ii, p. 7), and John 
Freman, who gave suit at the Hundred court and the County court, 
also had one virgate. By this return Shifford should contain about 
620 acres, but the modem parish has 880 acres. In the Cartulary, 
from the year 1229, we have frequent mention of the freeholder who 
was bound to give suit at the Hundred court and the County court 
as the representative of the manor of Shifford (vol. i, pp. 323, 369, 

380). 

To their manor of Shifford the monks attached property that they 
held in the neighbouring hamlets of East Weld, Cote, and Bampton 
Aston, from which their tenants attended the manorial court of Shifford. 
About 1 1 79 Eynsham obtained one hide in Weld by the gift of Ralf 
de Chesney (vol. i, p. 82). His whole gift was 2^ hides, but of this 
I J hides were in Aston. The property had previously belonged to 
Walter de Cauz and can be identified with the 2^ hides in Weld held 
at the time of Domesday by Theodoricus ; for the charter of Walter 
de Cauz (i, p. 130) mentions that he had manors also in ' Hamme- 
stede et Ben$inton', but Domesday records that Theodoricus Aurifab^r 
held land in ' Bensinton' in Oxfordshire and 'Hamstede' in Berks.; 
evidently, therefore, in Weld as well as in these two places, Theodoricus 
was succeeded by Walter de Cauz. At first the monks paid a quit- 
rent of 15X. a year to the heirs of Walter de Cauz, but this was subse- 
quently remitted (i, p. 207). In 1269 the abbey had 9^ virgates 
in Weld, with a rental of £7 is. 8</., and perquisites of the court 

u e 



Ixvi CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

worth 2s. (i, p. ii). In 1279 the holding was 6^ virgates and 5 
acres {Hundred Rolls, iL 700), and in 1360 it was unaltered, though 
reckoned to be 6 J virgates (vol. ii, p. 12). 

The hamlet of East Weld appears to have been within the parish 
of Ducklington. It is true that at this day the only place of the name 
of Weld is to the south-west of Bampton ; but m old days there were 
two places of this name, and in the return of 1279 we have descrip- 
tions of Weld in Bampton and of East Weld in Ducklington (Hundred 
Rolls, ii, pp. 688 and 700) ; also in the names of vills drawn up 
in 1 3 16 it is stated that East Weld was a hamlet in Ducklington 
{Feudal Aids, vol. iv, p. 162), and the same statement is made in 
the Eynsham Cartulary (vol. i, p. 376). In accordance with this 
there is a deed, preserved among the miscellaneous deeds in the 
muniment room of New College, which mentions that the road from 
the vill of Estweld to the wood called Weldehemho passed through 
Yelford. Lastly, in the Shifford court rolls the property is often called 
Clay Weld; and to this day there is a farm on the west side of 
Ducklington called ClaywelL 

In Aston the abbey had half a hide of the Doyley fee given in 
early times (vol. i, p. 73), and supplemented by another virgate (ib., 
p. 77). The gift of Ralf de Chesney, to which we have akeady 
referred, was one hide of land and a small rent from half a hide. 
Another gift was half a virgate of the fee of Alvescot, the grant of 
Gunnora de la Mare (ib., p. 177). In 1279 the abbey retained 
these properties, and its holding was exactly 7^ virgates {Hundred 
Rolls, ii, p. 699), of which 3J virgates were held by villains, two by 
the ' hundredar \^ and two in demesne; but on the other hand a quit- 
rent of 6^. 2d. was due to Robert Pogeys from one of the virgates. 
About the year 1360 the holding was reduced to five virgates or 
5^, of which 3^ were held in bondage, while John Stevens held by 
copy of court roll (but not in bondage) i J virgates, which were to be 
reckoned as two virgates for the payment of aids; he was probably 
the hundredar representing the abbot both at the County court and 
the Hundred court, for it is recorded that payment to the Court of 
Pugeys was made through him (vol. ii, l^. 12 and 15). At this 
time the outgoings from the holding had risen to 31X. 10^.; of this 
5x. 2d, was the quitrent already mentioned, and 26/. Sd. was an 
annual payment which Eynsham agreed to pay to Imbert le Pugeys 

^ L e. the tenant who had to appear giadoff ( VilUttn^ge in England, p. 188) 

at the Hundred court as the representa- aa < Hondredarii in Aston * ; probably 

tiye of the abbot The entry ' Hnndr* the correct expansion is ' Hondredarius 

in Aston * is expanded by Pro^ Vino- in Aston *• 



PREFACE Ixvii 

in place of a feast due to the tenants of the manor of Aston on 
St. Bartholomew's day (vol. i, p. 196). 

In 1279 the abbot had four half-virgates in Cote {Hundred Rolls ^ 
ii, p. 690), but it is not known how they were obtained. In 1360 
the property is described as four holdings, each three-quarters of 
a virgate (vol il, p. 12), but the rent b as in 1279, ^^d the property 
seems to be the same as in 1279. 

Among the Harleian Rolls (L. 8-17) and at the Record Oflfice 
(Court Rolls, 197, 62 and 63) we have the records of about forty-five 
courts of Shifford between the years 1434 and 1525. The court was 
held twice a year, and was attended by one homage from Shifford, 
another from Aston, and a third which is described as from Estweld, 
or Clayweld, or Weld cum Cote, or Weldcote, or even Wildcote; but 
in the thirteenth century it appears that there was a separate court for 
Weld (vol. i, p. 11). In 1508 the homage from Shifford was twelve 
in number, the other two homages containing only four members 
each* Each homage made presentments separately. On two occa- 
sions we find reference to the chapel of Shifford: thus in 1499 the 
abbey gave consent that a cottage in Cote should be used by the 
' wardens of the chapel of Shifford, called the churchmen for the vill 
of Cote' at the customary times when the church-ale was kept : also 
in 1 5 10 the homage of Shifford agreed that none should catch fish by 
means of 'cooppis* for the next nine months, except for the benefit 
of the chapel of Shifford and for the repairing of its windows with 
glass; and in the return of 1360 we learn that it was a chapel of 
St Lawrence, and was served by the vicar of Bampton at least three 
times a year (ii, p. 6). 

Some computus rolls for Shifford which exist at the Record Office, 
and also among the Harleian Rolls, throw some additional light on the 
manor. From early days there was a ferry at Shifford; in 1269 it 
was worth 2/. a year (voL i, p. 11); in 1360, 5^. (vol. ii, p. 10). In 
1426 it was decided that the abbot was not bound to keep it in repair 
(vol. ii, p. 187). In 1437 the rent of the ferry-barge was raised from 
5^. to 13^. 4d. (HarL Roll L. 10), but in 1448 there is an entry that 
no one would now pay more than 5^. a year. for it (Min. Accounts, 
961. 20, Record Office). 

In 1403, in 1423, and in 1428 the amount of Peter's Pence from 
Shifford was 16^. (HarL Rolls, L. 3, L. 5, L. 6). In 1360 the amount 
appears to be 16^. (vol. ii, p. 7), and it is not evident how there 
could be an odd halfpenny. In 1470 the amount of Peter^s Pence 
was 2id, (G. 2). In none of the Rolls is there any mention of the 
escape oinoHvu 

e 2 



Ixviii CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Down to the beginning of the fifteenth century the abbey farmed the 
demesne land by a bailiff, but about 1430 the whole property was 
granted to a firmarius on a lease of twenty years, and the monks 
ceased to have any direct connexion with the inhabitants of Shifford. 

Shipton. The accounts for 1390 (HarL Roll E. 31) give a rent 
of 13J. 4^ received from Shipton mill and paid to the precentor. 
There is no trace of this property either earlier or later, and it is 
impossible to say whether it was in Shipton-under-Wychwood or 
Shipton-on-CherweU. 

Showell. Robert d*Oilly II gave half a hide of land to Eynsham 
in * Sefewella' (vol i, p. 77). It was worth 9^. in 1254 (ib., p. 306), 

1269 (ib., p. 15), and in 1390 (HarL Roll E. 31). In 1535 the property 
had been transferred to Brueme abbey, which paid 4ar. a year for it 
and other properties. 

Somerton. Eynsham was granted three virgates in Somerton in 
1 148, and held them in 1279 (Hundred Rolls, ii, p. 838). Before 
1200 it dimised two of them in perpetuity at a rent of 10s. 2l yezr 
(vol. i, p. 104). In 1 29 1 Eynsham received i5x. from Somerton, but 
in 1390 the sum was only 10s, (Harl. Roll E. 31) *from two tene- 
ments in Somerton' ; the property cannot be traced subsequently. 

Souldem. The church, given to Eynsham by Jordan de Sai 
(vol. i, p. T18), paid a pension to the abbey of loos. a year in 1198 
(ib., p. 57), 1 36 1 (vol. ii, p. 89), and 1390 (Harl. Roll E. 31). Sub- 
sequently the sum must have been reduced, for in 1535 and 1539 it 
is 53X. 4^. (Valor, ii. 211). 

South Stoke. The church of South Stoke belonged to Eynsham 
from the end of the eleventh century, and in 1239 the abbey received 
from it a pension of one pound of pepper, and a portion of the tithe 
(vol. i, pp. I and 4). This portion was described and confirmed in 

1270 by the bishop of Lincoln (ib., p. 275). In 1291 these tithes were 
worth £5 6s. 8d. a year (Taxatio, p. 30). In 1399 the abbey was 
allowed to appropriate the church (ii, p. 180), and a vicarage was 
appointed (ii, p. 183). 

The holding of Eynsham in South Stoke and Goring was worth 
£42 6x. 11^. in 1 29 1 (Taxaiio, p. 45), but we have no court rolls or 
computus rolls to throw any light on this manor. In 1390 the portion 
of tithe due to the abbey was worth £7 iix., and rents and perquisites 
£48 4J. 8</. (E.31). Subsequently the tithes were leased with the manor; 
thus in 1460 Henry Doget and John Felowe obtained a lease of the 
manor and tithes for thirty years at a rent of £34 ; in addition the 
tenant was to repair all thatch and daubing, when necessary, to pay 
to the auditor his fee of 53^. 4</., to the steward of the manor his 



PREFACE Ixix 

fee of 26s, Sd., to the general receiver his fee of 40s,, to the woodward 
and the guardian of the woods 7^ . Sd, and clothing worth 4X., and to 
the Hundred Court of Dorchester 3X. 4</. ; but it does not appear 
whether the tenant was to have the profits of the extensive woods 
(G. 2). In 1536 a similar lease was granted for eighty years (vol. ii, 

p. 241)- 

In 1406 (see p. Ixxxiii) we hear of the 'chapel of St. Leonard of 
Egguslade '. Exlade was a hamlet in South Stoke, and this chapel 
is probably what is now known as Woodcote chapeL 

Stanton Harcoturt A hide of land in Stanton Harcourt was 
given to Eynsham by Adeliza, widow of Henry I, probably in 1136 
(vol. ii, p. 173). The cartulary describes how on the death of Richard 
de Camville the hide was seized by Ricardus Ruffus at the king's 
command (vol. i, p. 399). The Pipe Roll of Michaelmas 1190 shows 
that Ricardus Ruffus was at that date in charge of the manor of 
Stanton.^ The abbey retained the original charter, and we may 
conjecture that when it sold the advowson of Stanton St. John, it gave 
this charter with it, under the impression that it referred to Stanton 
St. John. In this way it came into the New College muniment 
room. 

Stanton St John. The church was given to Eynsham before 
1 1 50 (vol. i, p. 118) and a pension of 20J. a year was paid by it before 
1200 (ib., p. 56). This was still paid in 1535 {Valor, ii, p. 211); but 
in 1537 Eynsham sold to the bishop of Lincoln both the advowson 
and the pension (vol. ii, p. 142). 

Stoke Talmage. The service due from a virgate in this parish 
was given to Eynsham about 1222 (vol. i, p. 145). Subsequent 
deeds show that it was worth us. and was paid by the abbot of 
Thame (HarL Roll E, 31). It was still received in 1535 {Valor, 
ii. 209). 

Stratton. Before mo Gilbert Basset gave to Eynsham two- 
thirds of his tithe in Stratton in the parish of Bicester (vol. i, p. 36). 
In 1 1 88 the abbey surrendered this possession to Bicester Priory 
for an annual payment of 12s. (ib., p. 71) which was still received 
in 1536 {Valor, ii, p. 210). 

Swinford Ferry. In 1539 there is mention of a payment of 
I J. a year due to Eynsham from the abbey of Abingdon (vol. ii, p. 251). 
In 1325 it was received by the collector of rents (E. 27) and was 
due under an agreement made in 1299 (printed vol. i, pp. 342-4). 

Tackley. Two mills in Tackley, together with tithes of a mill 



* Pipe Roll, I Ric. J, p. 106. 



Ixx • CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

and a flsbpond {vivarium) were given to Eynsham before 1200 
(vol i, pp. 98, 99). The tithe was worth 4^. in 1270 (ib., p. 13) 
and 5^. in 1291 {Taxaiio^ p. 31). It was confirmed to Eynsham in 
1320 (vol. i, p. 376), but disappears from that date. 

Subsequently there is mention of only one mill, called Cattesham 
Mill, of which Eynsham granted a perpetual lease for 60s, a year 
about 1 241 (ib., p. 180). In 1270 it pays 6ar. under the title of 
Northbrook Mill (ib., p. 13), but in the TaxoHooli 1291 Eynsham has 
no holding in Tackley. Once more the abbey acquired the mill 
in 1328 (ib., p. 383), and in 1390 obtained 20X. from Cattesham 
Mill (Harl. Roll E. 31). By 1535 the rent is only ioj., paid by 
* Mr, Newars for certain land' {Valor ^ ii, p. 210). 

Tetbury. The church of Tetbury, Gloucestershire, was given 
to Eynsham by Reginald of St Walery (i, p. 70) not later than the 
year 1161 ; and in 1278 paid a pension to the abbey of 4ar. a year 
'from of old' (i, p. 293). In 1291 the rectory was valued at £24, 
apart from the pension of £2, which was still received by Eynsham 
{Taxatio^ p. 221). That Tetbury is not mentioned in the confirma- 
tion of 1320 (ij p. 376) must be an oversight. The church was 
appropriated to Eynsham in, or shortly before, the year 1361 
(ii, p. 108), and in 1390 the abbey obtained £16 from tithes in 
Tetbury (E, 21). In 1537 the rectory only produced £8 lox., 
whereas the vicarage was worth £35 {Valor, ii, 210, 496). A small 
rent of 2j. a year to the Queen 'for the door of the rectory of 
Tetbury' was paid in 1390 (K 31), and a similar payment appears 
in the subsidy of 1526. At the time of the appropriation of the 
church, pensions must have been reserved for the bishop and the 
monastery of Worcester; in 139 1 it seems that the bishop received 
53^. 41/. and the chapter 40s. from Tetbury (E. 31) ; in the subsidies' 
of 1523 and 1526, and also in 1535 {Valor, ii, 210, and iii, 225) 
the payments were i6s. Sd. to the bishop and 40^. to the 
monks. 

Turweston, A portion of tithes in this parish was given to 
Eynsham at an early date and confirmed about 11 70 (vol. i, p. 99). 
In 1291 it was worth 4J. {TaxaHo, p. 32), and in 1390 (Harl. Roll 
E. 31), but we do not find it in the Valor of 1535. 

Whitfield. The church of Whitfield, Northants, was given to 
Eynsham about 11 78 (vol. i, p. loi), and by a composition, of which 
we have no details, it was decided that the abbey should receive 
30 quarters of wheat and two marks, as a yearly pension from the 

1 MS. at Lincoln. 



PREFACE Ixxi 

church (ib., p. 3). In 1240 an appropriation* was made by the 
bishop's orders (ib., p. 176), and the monastery's share of tithe was 
worth eight marks in 1254 (ib., p. 307). In 1390 the value was 
£5 (Harl. Roll E. 31). In 1441 the rectory and vicarage were 
consolidated, and £3msham resigned its profits from the church.* 

Wickham. Robert, son of Walcheline, who is mentioned in 
Donusdc^ as the holder of a mill in Banbury, gave to Eynsham 
all his tithe from Wickham in Banbury (vol. i, p. 37). In 1239 
this possession is described as the tithe of the demesne of Wick- 
ham and of the land which had once been demesne (ib., p. 5). 
In 1279 the demesne was one carucate (Hundred RolUy ii, p. 708), 
and it is probable that Eynsham took the tithes of the two hides 
which in the time of Dotmsday were held by ' Robert ' in Wickham. 
In 1293 this portion of the tithe was resigned to the rector of 
Banbury (vol i, p. 337). . 

Wick Rissington. Five virgates were given to Eynsham by 
Henry de Teyden' about 1242 (vol. i, p. 82); subsequently two 
more virgates were added (ib., pp. 208, 209). In 1291 the holding 
of Eynsham was i^ carucates, worth £2 a year {Taxaiio^ p. 236^). 
In 1312 another carucate was acquired (vol. i, p. 356). In 1325 
the property was farmed by the abbey through a bailiff (Harl. Roll 
E. 27), but in 1390 it was leased to Thomas Dome as firmarius 
for £6 13^. 4</. (£. 31), and in 1442 it was similarly held by Robert 
Dome, at a rent of £5 6x. 8ef. (K. 32). In a roll, the date of which 
is uncertain, but probably is of 1443, William Deye is the farmer, 
paying £$ 13^. 4^. (K. 33), and in 1445 a lease was granted him for 
30 years at a rent of £6 ; he was to have the profits of the manor 
and also 9^. rent from Naunton (A. 42). In 1535 the rent was 
£7 {Volar f ii, 208). Although it is described as a Mordship', i. e. 
manor, no court rolls survive. It is probable that, as at Fulbrook, 
it was customary to lease the profits of the courts to iht firmarius^ 
and the court rolls for that reason would be less safely preserved. 

Witham, Berks. Half a virgate in this manor, given to Eynsham, 
was granted away in perpetuity for a rent of 6x. M. (voL i, p. 227). 
In 1390 this sum was still received (HarL Roll E. 31); in 1467 John 

' It had originally been granted in xxiT,fol. 47, explains his position :<Nota 

lasa, but not carried oat {Roiuli Hu- quod HenricusdeTydene(Le. the elder) 

mms Welles^ ii* 1999 Canterbury and nabuit filinm Paolinnm nomine, qui in 

Yoric Soc.). infirmitate deiecdonis domom quandam 

' Bridges, Hist, of Northants^ i. aaa. intniTit & reliquit villam de Risindone 

' Robert de Bms as overlord (vol. i, filie sue, quam Robertus de Brus, qui 

p. aai) confirmed the gift of Henry de adhuc superstes est, dnxit in uxorem.^ 
Teyden. A note in Cott MS. Vesp. B. 



Ixxil CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Fennour paid 6^. %d, for a croft and lands in ' Wyghtham (F. 33) ; 
and the same sum was paid in 151 9 (G. 12). No mention of it is 
made in the Valor of 1535, but probably it was reckoned among 
the rents of the manor of Eynsham. 

Woodeaton. This manor was given to Eynsham by Walkelin 
Hareng before 1190 (voL i, p. 93), being a quarter of a knight's 
fee (ib., p. 132). In 1269 it was worth £5 iix. 4^. (ib., p. 9), 
and £$ 6s. Sd, about 1270 (ib., p. 14). In 1291 it was valued at 
£5 7 J., including two small rents from Marsh Baldon and Milton 
which were always paid at Woodeaton {Taxa/to, p. 44). An extent 
made in 1366 estimates the property to be worth about £20 a year 
(voL ii, p. 15). In 1390 the accounts show £11 or £12 to have been 
received from Woodeaton (Harl. Roll E. 31), but as the demesne land 
was &rmed at that time by the abbey, it is impossible to judge of the 
value of the manor by the money that was accounted for; doubtless 
farm produce was also sent to the abbey. In 1470 the sum received 
was £19 2x. 4</. which included the rents from Milton and Marsh 
Baldon, the profits of the courts £2 4^. iii/., and the sale of wood 
£1 17^. 3^« (HarL Roll G. 2). At this time the demesne was leased 
to a farmer for £5 6s. Sd. In 1535 the estimated value is £14 i^s. ^d,, 
or, deducting necessary expenses, about £13 (Valor, iL 209). In 
1307 the abbey made a payment of 100 marks that its woods of 
Eynsham, Charlbiuy, and Woodeaton, being within the forests of 
Wychwood and Shotover, should be free from interference by the 
king's forest officials (vol. i, p. 32^); but in 1366 it was stated that 
owing to their action the wood, ninety-six acres in extent, was of no 
value, except to produce wood for hedges and repairs of houses 
(vol. ii, p. 18); but in 1470, as we have seen, wood was sold to the 
value of £1 I'js. 3^. • 

The records of thirty-nine manorial courts held between June 24, 
1441, and October 10, 1462, are contained on one of the Harleian 
RoUs (N. 27). The courts were held generally on the Tuesday after 
liokeday and the Tuesday after Michaelmas, and occasionally a third 
time in the year: none were held between October 1459 ^^^ ^^7 
1462. At every court the names of absent na/rvi were presented, and 
the homage was commanded to produce them at the next court, but 
nothing was done in any instance. At the coiut held at Michaelmas, 
1445, William Darling of Binsey promised to pay 3^. 4d, if he might 
marry a na/iva of the manor, Joan, daughter of John Hume. Ten 
years later there was a presentment that Richard son of John Hume, 
a naiivus of the lord, was resident at Oxford ' in Binsey in parochia 
sancte Frideswide'. At the court held in 1453 an inquisition was 



PREFACE Ixxiii 

held whether Henry and John Plont were freemen or naiivi of the 
manor ; the verdict of the homage, which numbered more than fifteen, 
was that their grandfather came firom Wales to settle in Woodeaton, 
and therefore they were freemen. The court was evidently larger 
than that of Brookend ; the fines and amercements for absence were 
numerous, and the profits of the court were generally more than lox. 
There seem to be only three entries that are in any way unusual In 
1446 'ordinatum est inter dominum et omnes tenentes suos quod 
nuUus tenens decetero capiet supportacionem scolarium Oxonie contra 
aliquem alium tenentem, per quam alique perdicciones, vexaciones, 
perturbadones, lites et discordie inter tenentes predictos cedere valeant, 
sub pena xz solidorum'. In 1448 it was decided that the lord and 
the tenants should each have his own close, and hedge it at his own 
expense; for this privilege the tenants paid the sum of 31J. 2d. *ad 
opus ecclesie' ; we here have a case of inclosure by mutual consent. 
In 1454 it was presented that ' Willelmus Heynes et Elena uxor eius 
sunt obiurgatores et pads perturbatores inter vicinos et tenentes ipsius 
domini contra ordinacionem in curia factam sub pena forisfiacture 
tenementi sui; ideo preceptum est dictum tenementum in manum 
domini sdsire quousque, &c. £t Isolda Basse est communis obiurgatrix 
et magna perturbatrix tenencium; ea de causa forisfecit in manum 
domini unum mesuagium et unam virgatam terre \ unde nichil accidit 
domino de herietto, eo quod expulsa fuit contra voluntatem causa pre- 
dicta'; while four years later the homage present that *Robertus 
Heytone, rector ecdesie ibidem, tenet, favorat et hospitat quandam 
Rosam Basse in domo sua, que est mulier suspiciose, male gubema- 
cionis et vite, in perturbacionem et scandalum totius ville ; ideo ipse 
in misericordia, iijj. iiij</. ; et quod Thomas Basse, vir perdicte Rose, 
contra supportat et favorat istam in dicta gubemadone ad nocumentum ; 
ideo ipse in misericordia, xij(// 

Yamton. The manor of Yamton was given to Eynsham before 
the Conquest (vol. i, p. a a), but by the date of Domesday it was held 
of the abbey by one of the knights of the bishop of Lincoln. 
Although Eynsham laid claim to this property in 1206 (ib., p. 6 a), and 
again in 1285 (ib., p. 308), it did not recover it, nor had any right to it 
(ib., p. 18). 

The church always bdonged to the abbey; it was a chapel under 
the parish church of Eynsham, and was at first served by chaplains. 
In 1235 a vicarage was instituted by Bishop Grosteste*, which in 
1636 was worth £8 ^s. id. {Valor, ii. 183). When the manor was 

' Tkree Oxfordshire Parishes, ?• ^19 (Oxf. Hist. Soc). 



Ixxiv CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

given to Rewky Abbey, a Cistercian house, and therefore exempt from 
the payment of tithes on demesne land, it appeared that Eynsham 
would lose some of its tithe; but in 1294 Rewley issued a charter, 
M'hich seems to mean that no use would be made of this exemption 
(vol. iy p. 334). In 153s the rectorial tithes were leased to Richard 
Andrews for £7 a year*. 

Such being the properties of the abbey, we turn to the Harleian rolls 
to discover what was the total income of the monks and in what way 
it was spent Unfortunately we have no complete roll of the annual 
income and expenditure ; but roll £.31 gives the income for the year 
1390^ and a portion of the expenditure, as follows : — 

Harleian Roll E. 31. 

Eynsham, Computus Thome Durant celerarii ibidem a vigilia Sancti 
Michaelis [anno regni regis Ricardi] secundi post conquestum [Anglic 
terciodecimo usque ad] vigiliam eiusdem festi Michaelis extunc proximo 
sequentis [anno] eiusdem regis quartodecimo et presidencie [Thome 
Bradin]gstok abbatis secundo finiente. 



Arrears 'ultimi computi fratris lohannis Wottone celerarii anni 
precedentis * : 

Summa clxxxvi/. xvlr. \d, ob. 
Receipts from Eynsham, including £1 6s. <)d, from the rents of Nova 
Terra, £^ 6s, Sd, from the fishery in the Thames, £4$ 16s. od, from the 
collector of rents in Eynsham, and other sums from the sale of wool and 
grassy and the profits of the courts : 

Summa cxvii/. liis, ob. 
[Tithe hay in Eynsham, Cassington, and Yamton] : 

Et de xvs, idd, ob, de decima feni de Carsynton ; et de vis. viiyi. pro 
dedma feni de Worton ; de decima feni abbatis Loci Regalis* nichil hie 
quia transfit cum vendidone decime garbarum ibidem ; et de xvlr. viij/il 
pro decima feni de Erdyngton ; et de xvs, pro decima feni de Bungey & 
Batelmor vendita hoc anno (plus quam anno precedenti per lis.); de 
dedma feni Thome Paynell militis nichil hoc anno, quia inhorriatur ad 
ustmi domini apud le Bolde; et de xiiix. iiljd. de tota decima feni de 
Eynesham vendita Henrico Gamage. 

Siunma Ixvilr. yiid. ob. 
From the sale of 2 horses, 14 sheep, and other things : 

Summa Ixvilr. \d. 

1 See below p. a 16, P'aUr, ii. aio. ley; the tithe of hay from Yamton, 
* Apparently tithe of hay from Cas- which also belone^ to Rewley, is 
sington mills, which belonged to Rew- mentioned separately. 



PREFACE Ixxv 

[Rents] : 

Et de xij/. xvj. huL receptis de Alano Fays ballivo de Cherlebery & 
collectore ibidem de Chadlington, Spellesbery & Cote; et de cxii^. de 
eodem; et de xiii/. xf. de Laurentio Peper collectore reddituum de 
Faulore ; et de bpcvlr. viii^. de Willelmo Punbray bedello de Cherlebery ; 
et de xli. de lohanne Walcote dudum collectore de Faulore de parte 
arreragiorum suorum ; et de Ixxxi/. xr. \d, de lohanne Henry preposito de 
Histone ; et de xxiijj. vuL ob. de arreragiis eiusdem lohannis ; et de vi/. 
iiijx. de eodem preposito de Histone ut in precio unius apri & 1 porcorum ; 
et de ilr. vi</. de eodem ut in precio iii gros de pakthred ; et de x/. xi, de 
arreragiis lohannis Cory nuper prepositi ibidem ; et de vlr. viii//. de 
arreragiis lohannis Sautre ; et de vii/. xlr. de Roberto Benet preposito 
de Stoke ; et de xiiLr. myd, de eodem ut de amerciamends & herietto 
lohannis Tommes, pendent[i] super lohannem Hacherand iuniorem ; et 
de vir. M\\\d, de eodem ut de molar[i] vendit[o] ; et de xxxviii/. iiiix. 
vWyL de lohanne Vyncent collectore reddituum de Stokes ; et de vi/. 
xiiijx. vid, de Ada Leveret collectore reddituum de Wodetone ; et de xir. 
de eodem de extra firm[am] terre ; et de xixj. viii//. receptis de arreragiis 
Thome Reue nuper coUectoris ibidem ; et de xix. yd. de dicto Ade [x/V] 
collectore per pedem computi sui ; et de xx. xd. de lohanne Bolte de 
firma terre ibidem ; et de xxvx. de Willelmo Ottele pro firma n^anerii 
de Wodetone et de iir. iii^. de firma vacc[arum] ibidem sibi dimis[sarum] ; 
et de liilr. ixd. de eodem Willelmo & Willelmo [ ] de vendicione bladi 
de manerio de Wodetone post recessum lohannis Felpus nuper prepositi 
ibidem ; et de xviii/. iix. de lohanne Fyssher collectore de Schifford ; et 
de xxii/. xx^. de lohanne Richard preposito ac collectore de Mukeltone ; 
et de bocv/. de eodem pro decima garbarum de Mukelton sibi vendita hoc 
anno & anno preterito ; et de viiii. de eodem ut in precio v vom[erum] ; 
et de viLf. ix^ de stramine puis* vendit' apud Worton hoc anno; et de 
vi/. vx. \id. de Willelmo Faukener collectore reddituum de Brokende; 
et de xxiiix. iiii^ de eodem per pedem computi sui ; et de vi/. xiiir. muL 
de Thoma Dome pro firma manerii de Wyke ; et de bcvlr. viii^. de 
lohanne Corbrigge pro firma manerii de Fulbroke ; et de viii/. xiiix. m\d, 
pro firma manerii de RoUandrithe ; et de iiii/. xvx. de Thoma Busseby 
collectore reddituum de Mildecombe; et de :ad, de arreragiis Thome 
Baxster per computum dicti Thome Busseby; et de xxx. de lohanne 
Busseby de parte arreragiorum suorum de officio coUectoris reddituum de 
Cherlebery & Faulore ; et de hex. de parte arreragiorum lohannis Baldok 
nuper ballivi ac coUectoris reddituum de Cherlebery & Faulore. 

Summa cccxlviii/. xvir. xxd, ob, 
Redditus forinseci : 

De xxir. iiii//. de redditu de CarseweU non respondet quia detinetur per 
dominum epbcopum Wintoniensem^ iniuste contra voluntatem abbatis fc 
conuentus ; et de xviilr. de redditu de Gloucestre ; et de xlr. de redditu 

^ Lord of the manor of Witney, of which Canewell is a hamlet 



Ixxvi CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

abbatis de Thame pro Stoke Talmache ; et de xr. de redditu ii tenemen- 
torum in Somerton ; et de xxs, de redditu de Hetnpton pro isto anno & pro 
ultimo anno preterito, viz. per annum xs. ; et de xx. de redditu de Sexeye ; 
et de viilr. r^ditus de Heyford superiori ; et de ixx. redditus in SeweUe ; 
et de iilr. prions de Chacombe ; et de ilr. ii//. ledditus de Carswell de 
quodam tenemento in Norton Bruyn; et de vlr. viii/f. redditus in 
VVhitham ; redditus de Bannebery & de Cropredy transfit cum decimis 
de Bannebery; de redditu de Newyntone collector de Brokende com- 
putat ; de redditu de Milton & Baldyndon collector de Wodetone com- 
putat ; de redditu in Oxonia sacrista computat ; de redditu de Moleford 
collector de Stoke computat ; de vix. redditu in Fylkynge nichil hie quia 
per cantorem ; et de ii lb. cere reddendis de Caueresham x^d, ; de 
xxvLr. viii^. redditus abbatis de Brueria, et xlr. redditus prions de Landa, 
et \id. redditus abbatis de Wynchcombe nichil quia non possunt leuari, 

Summa iiii/. xviii. xd, \sic\ 
Penciones ecdesiarum : 

[Souldem ;f 5, Sarsden 13^. 4//., Parva Bartona 6s, 8//., South Newington 
4^., Turweston 4f,, Stoke l^d. (i.e. I lb. of pepper), Dorchester Abbey 
for tithes in Baldon I2J<, the prior of Bicester for tithes in Stratton I2J., 
Stanton St. John 20f., Heyford ad pontem 20J., Combe 'sacrista com- 
puUt ', St Ebbe 13^. ^y Little RoUright lof.] 

Summa viijV. xvj. myd, [stc\ 
Molendina : 

£t de xU. redditus prions de Burcestre pro molendino de Clyfton; 
et de xxj. redditus molendini Dotard' ; et de xxr. redditus molendini de 
Catesham ; et de xr. redditus de Clerkenemulle ; de xxxiiijj. redditus de 
MacemuU' nichil quia detinetur per abbatem Cirencestrie ; de xii|r. \\\\d, 
redditus molendini de Shipton non respondet hie quia per cantorem ; 
et de viijx. redditus de Lemulle; de una quateria frumenti, redditu 
molendini de Broughton, sacrista computat. 

Summa iiii/. xviiij. 
Vendicio decimarum : 

Et de xvi/. (minus quam anno precedenti per xLr.) de decimis garbarum 
de Tettebiry venditis Waltero Walters ; et de xxiiii/. pro decimis garbarum 
de Mereton per annum venditis ; et de vi/. xiiir. iiii^. pro decimis gar- 
barum de Norton Bruyn venditis Thome Frytewell ; et de cf. pro decimis 
garbarum de Whytefeld venditis vicario ibidem ; et de vii/. xiiix. mid, pro 
decimis garbarum de Bannebiry & Croperri venditis Johanni Bemes. 
De decimis garbarum parochianorum de Mukeltone non respondet hie 
quia prepositus ibidem inde computat. De bladis decimalibus de Cherle- 
bery, Chadlyngton, Childestone, Thume, Shorthampton, Walcote, Fyn- 
stoke, Faulore Sl Cote nichil hie, quia inhorriantur apud Cherlebery, et 
ballivus ibidem inde computat, ut de firmis eorundem. Et de vii. viii//. 
pro decimis garbarum de Collesbome & Duntesbome venditis. De 
decimis garbarum. de Carsyngtone & Wortone non respondet hie quia 



PREFACE Ixxvii 

dimittuntur ad firmam pro bladis^ & garentarius de Eynesham inde 
computat De decimls de Eynesham nichil quia inhorriantur ibidem. 
De decimus de Demeford & Appultone elemosinarius computat. De 
dedmis de Histone & Stoke prepositi inde computant De decimis de 
Pudlicote, Cogges, Langele, & Minstre sacrista computat. Et de bcxj. de 
alteragio de Mikeltone per composicionem factam cum vicario ibidem ; 
et de vj. de denariis sancti Petri ibidem ; et de y\d, de decima lini & orto- 
rum ibidem ; et de \\]s, de decima puUorum & porcellorum ; et de iij^. de 
decima aucarum & columbell' ibidem ; et de xiiix. mid, de decima 
lactag[ii] ibidem ; et de xLr. de decima lane de Lettcombe vendita magistro 
lohanni Denby ; et de xiii/. vir. ymd, pro decimis de Erdyntone venditis 
lohanni Podde et sociis suis. 

Summa bcxix/. xiiijV. 7ui. 
Et de Ivlr. \\\d. receptis de lohanne Ereby, lardynario, pro coreis^ 
pellibus & pellect' venditis [in] officio lardan' per eundem lohannem ; et 
de x/. receptis de quadam fine £acta inter dominum abbatem & lohannem 
Bodde sub tali condidone quod predictus lohannes exonerari posset et 
excusari ab omnibus officiis comput[abilibus] durante vita sua; et de xx^. 
receptis de lohanne Blake executore Ade Blake pro debito dicti Ade de 
redditu lohannis Halewy ; et de xixi. viii/. ob, receptis de Pent[ecostalibus] 
hoc anno; et de Pent[ecostalibus] anni precedents frater lohannes 
Wotton adhuc debet computare. 

Summa xiiii/. xvix. \\d. ob. 

Summa totalis dcclxxii/. xiij. %d, ob. q. 
Resoludones : 

[Inde solutum episcopo Lincolniensi] pro indempnitate ecdesie de 
Mereton per annum xxx. ; item capitulo dusdem eadem de causa [xj. ; 
item episcopo Wigomiensi] pro indempnitate ecdesie de Tettebury 
liijj. iiij</. ; item capitulo eiusdem eadem de causa xLr. ; [item archidiacono 
Gloucestrie] pro eadem ecclesia iilr. iiij^. : item [episcopo Wigomiensi] 
pro indempnitate ecdesie de [Mikdtone] per annum %\\\s, \\\\d.\ item 
capitulo eiusdem eadem de causa xiiLr. iiii^. ; item archidiacono Gloucestrie 
pro procurationibus eiusdem ecdesie [vix.] viii^.; item eidem pro iure 
sequestri iilr. mid, ; item eidem pro seragio eiusdem ecdesie i|f. ; item 
solut* ballivo hundredi de Wottone pro visu franciplegii de Eynsham viijj. ; 
item eidem pro hidagio de Eynesham \\s, ; item solut* vicecomiti Oxonie 
pro fine secte comitatus rdaxande vlr. viii^. ; item nuncio domini pape 
hoc anno vijx.; item solut' decano de Wodestoke pro denariis sancti 
Petri iiiir. ; item solut* abbati de Winchecombe pro decimis in Hidecote 
[&] acquiet[anda] vir. ; item solut' archidiacono Oxonie pro [procura- 
tionibus] ecdesiarum de Eynesham, Cherlebery, Norton Bruyn, dc Mery- 
tone xxxj. vii^. q, ; item eidem pro iure sequestri ecdesie de Cherlebery 
vij. smd, ; item solut' archidiacono Norhamt' pro ecclesia de Whitefeld 
vilr. vii//. ob, q, ; item solut' pro fine secte hundredi de Wottone hoc anno 
^ L e. for a payment in com, not In money. 



Ixxviii CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

vs. ; item solut* priori de Cogges pro decimis in Carsynton xs^ ; item solut' 
vicario de Mukelton pro pensione sua vi/. xiijx. iiii^. ; item de iiix. mid. de 
fine secte hundred! de Bannebiry nichil hie quia hoc anno per ballivum 
de Cherlebery ; item solut' vicecomiti Oxonie pro Wodetone & Fynstoke 
iiir. \\d, ob. ; item solut* domine regine de redditu pro porta rectorie de 
Tcttebery \)s. 

Smnma xx/. vir. vd. ob. 
Pensiones ad tempus : 

£t computat solut* Ricardo duerton pro pensione sua ex.; item in 
feodis lohannis Denby Sl lohannis Walker, utroque cap[iente] xLr. per 
annum, iiii/. ; item [in feodis] magistri Robert! More xxx. ; item WiUelmo 
Orbury xxs, ; item lohanni Hylton attomato in banco domini regis per 
annum [xiilr. iiii^. ;] item lohanni Corbrig* attomato in communi banco 
xiilr. mid, ; item Willelmo rectori de Sulthome xxxiijx. iiii^ ; [item ] 

xxr. ; item in feodis lohannis Cassy ut in redditu in Gloucestria onerat' 
superius & sibi assignaf nomine f [ xLr. iiii^. ;] item in feodis lohan- 
nis Vampage auditoris xxvlr. viii//.; item in feodis Willelmi Harrys 
derici xxvix. ymd. 

Summa xviii/. iiilr. \\\\d. 

[Wine, sugar, spice, almonds, &c. ; details are for the most part illegible] : 
Sunmia xx/. xvx. iiii^. 
Furrura: 

[Liveries for apparently 21 ' valectis * and 3 ' pagettis ' £iy 91. 3^/.] ; item 
vicario de (?) Mukelton pro roba sua rxs. ; item vicario de Whitfeld eadem 
de causa xxr. 

Summa xix/. ixr. iii//. 
Custus necessarii : 

[Linen; pewter; earthenware; 'canevas' for the kitchen window; 
thread ; red wax ; locks ; keys ; an axe ; repairs in the bake-house 
'contra advent um regis'; 'item solut' uxori lohannis Lardyn' pro 
diversis hospitibus monasterii tempore episcopi Lincolniensis existentis 
apud Eynesham xmd. ; item Willelmo Burdon pro pictura tabule supra 
magnum altare vlr. \md* • • • ' item in reward' dat* Willemo Deye pro 
occupadone sua in coquina tempore perhendinacionis cod existentis cum 
abbate apud Stokes xv'uL ; ' tools for £Emning and carpentering ; dothing 
to beggars vilr. vd. ; ' item in xxviii peys de vitro empt' xviilr. viii^/., dand' 
pro le pels vmd* . . . ' item in litteris dimisoriis impetratis per fratrem 
Willelmum Stauntone de episcopo Lincolniensi pro quatuor nouiciis vx.', 
parchment, boots, saddlery, candles, &c, many of the entries being ill^ble.] 
Summa xxvii/. vx. \d. 

[The deanmg of ditches and fishponds] : 
Summa cvix. md. 

[Repairs and building at Eynsham and Charlbory: the wages of 
carpenters, masons, thatchers; Mtem lohanni Spellesbury latomo pro 
opere suo in noua capella xviiif. viiii^' ; for the mending of roads] : 
Summa xliij/. ixx. od. 



PREFACE Ixxix 

[ \ oblaciones & [ad] mandatum in cena domini : 

£t computat in xiiii lb. ^yn^berys emptis xvLr. viiu/. ; item in vi lb. 
drag* emptis ijx. vuL ; item in i lb. nudum Muscaf ijj. ij</. ; item in 
iij lb. & i quatron sucur* iiij^. iiii^. ; item in iiij lb. confect empt. vix. ; item 
in vino empto Oxonie iij^. ; item in oblacionibus datis diversis abbathie 
in festis Natalis Domini & Pasche xviij., plus quam anno precedenti per 
vlr. vi^., et tantum hoc anno propter famulos regis existentes apud 
Eynesham in pistrina ad festum Natalis Domini ; item distribucionibus 
diversis pauperibus ad mandatum in cena Domini xi^. \}<L 

Summa IxiLr. -nL 
Empdo bladorum & stauri : 

[Purchase of animals, &c ; * item in pane empto per vices pro abbate 
& conventu & hospitibus xvir. vii^/. et ideo tantum quia fiimum monasterii 
fuit occupatum per pistores domini regis ; item in cervisia eadem de 
causa empta xxiijx. vii^. ' ; purchase of horses, bullocks, oxen ; ' item in 
pykes & pykerelles & aliis pisdbus emptis de rectore de Stanlake pro 
instauro vivariorum in gardino xix^, ' . . . ' item lohanni Donnyng pro 
f^the suo trahenti piscem ad Stanlake pro instatu'o vivariorum viii^'] 

Siunma Ixix/. xvx, xd. ob. 
Coquina abbatis : 

[Salt fish, pykerelles, salt, red herrings, stock-fish, ' haburdenes ', cows, 
pigs, white herrings, salmon, rabbits, oatmeal, vinegar, green peas, eggs, 
part of a ' lupus aquaticus ', &c] 

Summa Ixxxvi/. vlr. ob. 
Necessaria abbatis : 

[Clothing & dothing material : also a comb.] 
Summa iiii/. viix. v\]d, ob. 
Necessaria celerarii : 

Summa xxilr. vd. 

Item computat liberat' fratri lohanni London coquinario . . . 
(The rest is wanting.) 

These accounts, imperfect as they are, give us some interesting 
information, viz. that the king and the bishop visited Eynsham this 
year, and that 6s. Bd. was the cost of painting a picture to be placed 
above the high altar. 

Another roll, giving the expenses of the abbey for a year, is defective 
at the beginning, and therefore undated ; but from internal evidence 
we assign it to Michaelmas, 1406. For among the ' dona abbatis ' we 
find thirty-six shillings spent on the purchase of robes for three men, 
one of whom was a squire and another a chamberlain of the abbot, on 
the occasion 'quando Courtney intravit cathedram Oxonie \ Now 
Courtney became Chancellor* in June, 1406. 

» Wood*s Fasti, p. 37 (cd. Gotch). 



Ixxx CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

We learn from this roll that there was a proposal to give the church 
of Tetbury to the abbey of St. Peter's, Gloucester, in exchange for the 
church of Chipping Norton, but the plan was never carried out. We 
also learn what an expensive honour a visit from the bishop was. The 
bishop received a fee of £io, and his clerks, his nine squires, thirteen 
valets, three grooms, &c., all had presents. A pipe of wine was bought 
for them at Oxford, and other delicacies, and the cost was £63, or 
more than a tenth of a year's income of the abbey. 



Harleian Roll F. 20. 

(defective) 

Summa Ixxviii/. viiLr. iui. 
Necessaria abbatis : 

Idem comp' in uno pari botarum ilr. vui. : in uno alio pari botarum 
lis, \ui. ; item in reparacione botarum per vic[es] xvi//. ; et pro fact* & 
reparacione botarum al[iis] vic[ibus] xvi^. ; in uno pari caligarum xiiii//. ; 
in iii cappis ilf. ; in cirotecis viii^. ; in i cucuUa xiiiLf. vi^. ; in uno pari de 
straylis ixs, vid. ; in i uncia de nigro serico xiid. ; in i pari calcarium xd, ; 
item datum magistro lohanni Merstone pro labore suo circa abbatem 
infirmum xiiLf. iiii//.; et magistro lohanni Wyttenam eadem de causa 
xiilf. iiii^. ; in medicinis & speciebus emptis tempore infirmitatis abbatis 
vx. ; item in i zona serica stipata cum argento deaurato xiix. iii//. ; in 
diuersis medicinis &ctis pro domino abbate per magistrum lohannem 
Merstone diuersis vicibus & magistrum lohannem Wyttenam xxixr. iii^.y 
ut patet in parcell' papiri cel[emni]. 

Summa cxs. vid, 
Necessaria celerarii : 

Idem computat in i pennar[io] empt', quia pennar* celerarii furat* in 
camera sua yU, ; item in aliis necessariis suis per annum xxx. ; item in 
feodis capellani ilr. 

Summa xxilr. vi^. 
Liberacio facta conventui : 

Idem comp' solut' fratri WiUelmo Whitchurch coquinario conuentus per 
annum per quatuor tall' xliii/. xvilr. vi^. ; item solut' fratri Willelmo 
Henrythe camerario conuentus hoc anno pro cameraria per quatuor talP 
xlv/. xii^. ; item eidem fratri Willelmo pro anniuersario conuentus per i 
tall' hdis. viii//. ; item liberat' fratri Rogero Lee pro officio infirmarii per 
annum vi/. xiiir. iiii^. ; item eidem pro stipendio barbitonsoris per annum 
vis, viii</. ; item eidem pro coquina barbitonsoris per annum xx. x^. ; item 
liberaf fratri Rogero Clere pro officio hostilarii per annum xLr. ; item 
eidem pro stipendio seruientis in hostilar* per annum vir. viii^. ; item 
liberat' fratri Petro Erdynton student! Oxonie per annum vi/. xx. ; item in 



PREFACE Ixxxi 

feodps] fratris Thome Canyng* subcamerarii per annum xii/f. ; item in cx- 
pensis celerarii & nouiciorum emicium ad ordines hoc anno viiLr. 

Summa cviii/. xvii^. viiu/. ^ 
Stipendia : 

Idem comp* in stipendiis Rogeri Berewyk*, Henrid Sauage anni- 
gerorum per annum, utrique xx;., xLr. ; item in stipendiis Ade camerarii 
& lohannis Redyng', utrique xiilr. iiii^i, xxvi^. viii^ ; item in stipendio 
lohannis Blakeman wodeward' Sl lohannis clerici celerarii, per annum 
utrique xiilr. iiii^., xxvlr. viii^. ; item in stipendiis unius pistoris, unius 
brasiatoris & unius ianitoris, cuilibet per annum vix. vmd., xxs, ; item in 
stipendiis Ricardi pant* per annum xs. ; item in stipendiis ii squilar[iorum]y 
viz. abbatis & conuentus, utrique per annum iilr. liiui,, \is, y'liid, ; item in 
stipendiis unius maltman per annum xr. ; item in stipendiis Willehni Hare 
garcionis eiusdem per annum viilr. ; item in uno pari caligarum de cou* 
pro eodem xii^ ; item in stipendiis unius fumarii & unius chetulward', 
utrique per annum vir., xiii*. ; item in stipendiis lohannis Shortt balliui 
ibidem per annum xx^. ; item in stipendiis Edwardi Mason garent[arii] 
per annum wis, viii//. ; item eidem pro reward' iilr. iiii^. ; item in stipendiis 
magistri lohannis coci abbatis xxvlr. v'nid,; item in stipendiis unius 
subcoci per annum xs, ; item in coquina clerici ecclesie per annum xs, xd, ; 
item in stipendiis unius milward' per annum xvilr. iiii^ ; item in stipendiis 
Roberti palfrid[arii] domini per annum xvlr. viii^^; item in stipendiis 
unius garcionis ianitoris per annum iilr. iiii^, ; item in stipendiis Thome 
de celario per annum vlr. viii^. ; item datum vxori lohannis Makeswel 
lotrici abbatis & pannorum aule iilr. iiiii/.; item in stipendiis garcionis 
bedelli per annum viilr. 

Summa xiiii/. xiiii. xd. 
Pladta : 

[Induding, * item in expensis celerarii Oxonie pro una carta ostendenda 
iustidariis domini regis & hominibus de patria, ut monasterium non 
oneretur de auxilio pro desponsatione filie domini r^;is prime, ixd. ; * 
* item in expensis celerarii Londinie in comitiua seneschalli pro colloquio 
habendo cum condlio domini duds Lancastrie & pro passagio de Schif- 
forde, et pro colloquio habendo cum consilio domini de Moleyns pro 
pastura tenendum nostrorum in Astone, vocata Trowelonde, xxilr. uid. ; ' 
'item in expensis celerarii Oxonie pro duobus bobus de Shifibrd apud 
Aston captis & imparcatis pro homagio domino de Moleyns £Bu:[iendo] 
xxii^.'] 

Summa iiii/. xiilr. \d. 
Expense itinerandum : 

Idem computat in expensis Henrici cod uersus Dadyntone pro negociis 
domus ii vidbus, viii^ ; item in expensis dusdem versus Dadyntone pro 
frumento emendo iiii^. ; item in expensis Rogeri Berewyke versus Lud- 
gareshalle x^; item in expensis Roberti Tadmerton versus Burcestre 
viii^iC ; item in eiqiensis Henrid Corbrigge versus Oxoniam ad habendum 

u f 



Ixxxii CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

colloquium cum magistro Thoma Bekyngham pro presentacione ecclesie 
de Staunton Sancti lohannis vlr. vWid. ; item in expensis Roberti Tadmer- 
ton versus Stokes & Merytone viii^^ ; item in expensis Rogeri Berewyke 
versus Tettebiry pro ecclesia ad firmam tradenda, ix vicibus, iiilr. viii//., 
et alia vice pro redditu querendo ibidem x/^, et aliis ii vicibus ibidem 
\\\\d, ; et eiusdem versus Cirencestre ii vicibus vWd. ; et eiusdem versus 
Elmlee %vmd, ob, : item in expensis celerarii, Henrici Sauage & aliorum 
cum eis Oxonie pro colloquio habendo cum magistro Thoma Bekyngham 
pro procuracione domini episcopi pro visitacione sua in archidiaconatu 
Oxonie pro ecclesiis nostris exonerandis ii^. \\\\d, ; in expensis celerarii 
alia vice ibidem pro i capa emend' xi</. ; item in expensis celerarii versus 
Londiniam pro debit[o] r[egis] rehabend', et de Lond' versus Hystone & 
de Histone versus Eynesham xxiix. x^/. ; item in expensis celerarii & 
Willelmi Harrys versus Stoke pro tribus vicibus pro curia tenenda 
iilr. iiii^. ; item in expensis celerarii versus Stoke pro manerio superui- 
dendo per ii vices xviii^. ; item in expensis clerici celerarii pro redditu 
querendo ibidem per sex vices xi</. ; item in expensis celerarii, clerici 
eiusdem, & Roberti Tadmertone versus Gloucestriam pro colloquio 
habendo cum domino abbate de permutatione ecclesiarum de Tettebiry & 
Chepynge Norton vlr. \\\d, ; item in expensis celerarii & Willelmi Harrys 
versus Mukelton pro iii curiis tenendis, iiij. ix^. ; item in expensis Thome 
Sauage & Roberti Tadmertone Oxonie pro colloquio habendo cum 
magistro Thoma Bekyngham pro abbate vd, ob, ; item in expensis 
celerarii, fratris Henrici Dyngele pro negociis domus ibidem fac[tis] 
iij. ii^. ; item in expensis celerarii, Willelmi Harrys & aliorum cum eis 
versus Histone pro manerio superuidendo & pro diuersis victualibus 
emendis apud Steresbrugge & pro computo faciendo viiLr. md, ; item in 
expensis celerarii versus Bannebiry pro i domo ibidem superuidend' xiud. ; 
item in expensis celerarii Oxonie pro duobus bobus de Schifford captis 
& imparcatis apud Astone per homagium domino de Molyns fac[iendo] ut 
clam [ant] xxii^. ; item in expensis lohannis Mortymer versus Burcestre 
pro redditu querendo iiii^. ; item in expensis eiusdem versus Londiniam 
per ii vices pro diuersis negociis ibidem expediendis & de Lond* versus 
Hystone vilr. viiid.; item in expensis celerarii Oxonie pro tenentibus 
de Stokes per Thomam Attehyde arest[atis] & ad castrum Oxonie 
product[is] pro deliberacione fac[ienda] iif. jod. ; item in expensis celerarii 
magistri Henrici Corbrigge Oxonie per ii vices pro colloquio habendo 
cum episcopo Lincolniensi pro diuersis negociis expediendis iiij. ixd. ; 
item in expensis domini abbatis Oxonie uno die post prandium pro 
colloquio habendo cum domino episcopo xxiix. pret[io] ; item in expensis 
Alani Hume de Wodetone existentis ad visum de Harowdonehulle pro 
domino abbate excusando iii//. 

Summa cx^. viii^. 
Dona abbatis : 
Idem comp* dat* vxori Thome Paynel y\s. yiiid. ; et Willehno Ferme- 



PREFACE Ixxxiii 

sham iilr. iiiuf. ; et lohanni Cubbull' de Histone xii//. ; et lohanni Durstre 
fiamulo episcopi Lincolniensis iilr. \md, ; item famulo vicarii de Eynesham 
portanti exhennia mid, ; item dat' lohanni Pole in recessu suo xx^. ; 
item dat' Willelmo Wylcotes xxx. ; et iii famulis suis & pagetto sis, \\\\d. ; 
item dat* vicecomiti xxvir. viii//. ; et subuicecomiti vlr. vmd^ ; et iii famulis 
eorundem vs. et ii pagettis xii//. ; item dat' balliuo de Stoke XL\d, et derico 
de castro iilr. \\\\d, ; item in i boue empto de lohanne Masone & dato 
episcopo Lincolniensi xviii^.; item dat* cuidam homini regis portanti 
litteram pro auro habendo pro rege vi^. viii^. ; et famulo de Histone xii^. ; 
item dat' lohanni Lylye yoLd. ; et mu[n]strair comitis Arundelle iilr. iiii^., 
et mu[n]strair ducis Eboraci iiix. \\\\d, ; item dat' magistro Roberto 
Newby xiilr. iiii^. et clerico suo xx^/. ; item dat* diuersis portantibus 
cirpos^ pro camera abbatis vi^. ; item dat' lohanni Blunt & Willelmo 
Burgh' plicantibus lanam ilr., et cuidam mulieri cremate in Wallia v\d. ; 
item lohanni portario de Bannebiry xx^. ; et Radulfo Trumpur -xxd. ; et 
nuncio episcopi Lincolniensis xii//. ; item dat' Willelmo Pomcray iilr. \\\\d, ; 
et lohanni Fyssher* xii^. ; et filio Thome Chelray v\s. vmd. ; et domino 
Ricardo ven[ienti] cum illo xx^. ; et famulo suo xii//. ; et clerico lohannis 
Corbrigge xx^. ; item in vestur* empt' & dat' lohanni Bakforde, Rogero 
Berewyke & Ade camerario quando Courteney intrauit cathedrara Oxonie 
xxxvlr. ; item dat' uni homini de Stoke portanti i fesaunt domino abbati 
iiii^. ; item daf uni femulo de scaccario domini regis iiii^. ; item dat' 
nuncio domini episcopi Lincolniensis xii^. ; item dat' famulo de Stoke 
ven[ienti] cum pultria [stc\ & cum disc* & platell' pore* & aliis necessariis 
per quatuor vices per annum xvi//. ; item dat* famulo lohannis Corbrigge 
ven[ienti] vsque Eynesham cum i breui iiii^ ; item dat' famulo de Stoke 
ven[ienti] domino pro i leporario \md, ; item dat' clerico lohannis Cor- 
brigge venienti domino cum diuersis breuibus xx^. ; item dat* i famulo de 
Mukeltone venienti usque Eynesham cum iii bobus \\d, ; item dat' 
carectario de Mukeltone ven' cum lana iiii^.; item famulis de eodem 
manerio diuersis vidbus per annum xii^. : item Emme Deye ibidem vi^. ; 
item diuersis hominibus [ ] ad caruc* de Cherlebery de prece ad 

semen quadragesimale vi^. ; item daf carpentario reparanti capellam 
sancti Leonard] de Egguslhade iiii<^ : item sarcul[antibus] ibidem \\\\d. ; 
item dat* diuersis famulis de Mikdtone ven' ibidem per diuersas vices per 
annum v\\id,\ item daf cuidam derico episcopi Lincolniensis pro sua 
acquietanda fac[ta] pro xl mards solutis eidem episcopo Londonie in 
hospic' suo xxd, ; item dat' nuncio domini abbatis de Ramesey venienti 
cum i mandato pro visitacione fac' xx^. ; item dat* collectori reddituum 
de Brokende per ii vices \\\\d, ; item daf lohanni porcario in primo 
aduentu suo iiii^. ; item dat* nuncio domini episcopi Lincolniensis venienti 
pro pensione suffragan[ei] pro consecracione iii altarium xxi/. 
Summa xl, \xs. \\d. 

^ Rushes [ "■ sdrpos]. Dncange. 

f2 



Ixxxiv CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Trituracio & Ventulacio : 

[Threshing of 107 quarters of wheat at yL^ ^\d., and 4^. a quarter ; of 
365 quarters of draget at 2d. a quarter ; of 26 quarters of * pulstrum ' at 
7.\d. a quarter ; of 62 quarters of oats at 2d, a quarter ; the winnowing 
by women of the said 561 quarters at Zd. for 20 quarters.] 

Summa vi/. vis. qua. 
Sarculacio bladorum cum custu pratorum : 

[Hoeing of com ; mowing, making, carting of hay, and hire of carts.] 
Summa xiii/. iiii^. 
Custus autumpni : 

[The mowing & reaping of com: Mtem in drotecis autumpnalibus 
emptis Wis, \\\\d.* ' item solut' Henrico Frere colligenti decimas garbamm 
dt Eynesham hoc anno vir. \\\\d. et eidem pro cirotecis ii^.'] 

Summa xvi/. xvilr. x^. ob. 
Fermra equorum cum marchalsia : 

[Shoeing of the horses of the abbot and cellarer ; ' item In curat' ii 
equomm domini abbatis & unius equi celerarii hoc anno ws, vd/] 

Summa xilr. \d. 
Expense & liberaciones forinsece : 

Idem comp. in expensis domini abbatis apud Stuntesfeld' xmd.^ et 
eiusdem apud Cherlebiry xviii//.; item solut' pro reparacione fenestre 
cancelli de Tettebiry iir. ; et pro reparacione unius (?) enturclos ibidem 
xx//. ; in expensis domini abbatis versus Cokthrop, ibidem & redeund' 
iiilr. y\d.\ item in expensis eiusdem versus capitulum generale, ibidem 
& redeund' cilf. ; item solut* pro stipendiis famuli apud Combe, viz. 
Thome Webbe, viiij.; & Nicholai Budel xvij. v\\\d,\ item in vestura 
empta pro famulis domini abbatis equitancium cum eo ad dictum capitu- 
lum Ixxj. \uL ; item solut* lohanni Shoort balliuo de Eynesham pro 
yconomia ibidem fac* per i tall' ix/. iilr. i\\\d. ; et eidem iiii/. ; item solut* 
Rose Lardyner pro expensis unius monachi de Gloucestria venientis usque 
Eynesham pro colloquio habendo cum domino abbate pro permutatione 
ecclesiamm de Tettebiry & Chepyngnortone vii^^ ob, : item in expensis 
celerarii versus London' pro prima solucione fac' domino episcopo 
Lincolniensi pro una dimissione habenda & pro indempnitate ecclesiarum 
de Stoke & Combe xvlr. ix^ ; item in expensis celerarii Oxonie pro 
colloquio habendo cum magistro Roberto Newby pro diuersis solucionibus 
sibi factis de prima solucione medietatis decime ixd. ; item in expensis 
celerarii ibidem primo die lulii una vice & tercio die lulii alia vice pro 
colloquio habendo cum magistris Roberto Newby & Henrico Foular pro 
Concordia focienda cum magistro Galfndo Meltone de Stapulhalle iilr. xd. ; 
item in expensis celerarii Oxonie pro diuersis tenentibus de Stoke captis 
ad castram per Thomam Attehyde deliberandis ilr. xi^. ; item in expensis 
eiusdem Londonie pro uno breui impetrando pro tenentibus nostris de 
Astone in Gildabil' ' ut non ponerentur ad decimam cum antiquo dominico 
^ Perhaps one word, ' ingildabilibus.* 



PREFACE Ixxxv 

ibidem xvj. ; item solut' pro factura illius breuis iii^. iiii^. et pro sigil- 
lacione y\d, ; item solut' balli[uo] pro debitis Willelmi Baldenham nuper 
balliui per manus lohannis Raper de Dadyntone xxlr. md. 

Summa xxviil xvx. wd, ob, 
Custus bidentium : 
[Dipping sheep, &c] 

Summa iiilr. iiii^. ob* 
Custus molendini equini : 
[Repairs : ^ item in ferrura equonun molendini viii^.*] 

Slunmaxvi^il 
Decime solute & al[ia] tall[ia] : 

Idem comput* solut' pro secunda medietate decime & pro tercia 
medietate decime domino regi ultimo anno concessa viz. pro Ledecombe 
us, v\\\d, ; et pro spiritualibus & temporalibus in archidiaconatu Oxon' & 
Buck' xxvi/. vs, %d. ; et pro spiritualibus & temporalibus de Mukeltone 
IxviiLr. y\\d.\ et pro pensione ecdesie de Sulthume xj. ; et pro prima 
soludone eiusdem pensionis ultimo anno, non alloc ', ws, ; et pro secunda 
medietate ecclesie de Tettebury xxxiLf. ; et pro prima solucione medietatis 
decime eiusdem ecclesie ultimo anno non alloc' xns. ; et pro secunda 
medietate de Wythfeld xii^. ; item solut' pro medietate decime de Hystone 
Ixxviilr. \\d, 

Summa xxxvii/. %s, md. 
Expense circa visitacionem episcopi & pro dimissionibus habendis : 

Idem comp' dat' episcopo x/. ; et lohanni Cateryk' sans. ; magistro 
Henrico Corbrygge xxr. ; item magistro Roberto registrario y\s. vWxd, ; et 
clericis de registro xj. ; item cuidam herbeg' episcopi vir. w\\\d. & lohanni 
Hotoft vir. viii^. ; et famulo lohannis Cateryk' laui. ; dat' lohanni Barton' 
vir. viii//. ; item in cuniculis, caponibus, volatilibus, & piscibus emptis pro 
expensis episcopi & aliorum cum eo ad visitacionem xxxiilr. \\\\d. ; item 
dat* Roberto Strattone per manus Robert! Newby \\s. viiirf. ; item solut* 
domino episcopo Lincolniensi pro una dimissione habenda & pro indem- 
pnitate ecdesiarum de Stoke & Combe xxvi/. xiiLr. iiii/il ; item solut' 
suffi-aganeo pro consecratione iii altarium bcvir. y\\\d,\ item in expensis 
celerarii, Henrid Sauage & aliorum cum eis Oxonie pro diuersis achatibus 
ibidem ^ctis una cum expensis magistri lohannis Barton & aliorum de 
familia episcopi xxii^^. ; item in expensis iii equorum ibidem \md. ; item 
in expensis celerarii Oxonie pro una pipa vini querenda cum carecta locata 
ilf. xd. ; [then follow provisions bought : — A pipe of wine 5dr. 8^. ; salt, 
salmon, red herrings, fresh fish, spice, fruit, 22 ells of linen ^pro mappis ', 
10 quarters of charcoal, two great torches, oil, mustard, wood fiid * pro 
aula, cameris & coquina', oysters, candles;] item dat' magistro coco 
ms. m\d. ; item dat' ix armigeris domini episcopi \xs, et xiii valectis 
xlvj.; item iii gromis iilr.; item dat' uni valecto de coquina xvi^., et 
ii pagettis ibidem xiii/. et uni nundo episcopi -xiid^ et magistro Roberto 
Newby pro concilio suo abbati impendendo vLr. wmd. 
Summa bdii/. iilr. y'vid. 



Ixxxvi CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Summa totalis dcccii/. vlr. xi//. qua, 
Et sic cxcedit xvi/. xms. id. qua. ; postea oneratur de vi/. xiilf. iiii^. 
receptis de magistro Galfrido Meltone pro reparacione de Stapulhall non 
onerat' superius ; et sic adhuc exccdit x/. iilr. ix//. ob. qua. 

A third roll remains, which also is defective at the beginning. The 
receipts are wanting, and though the payments are given in full, the 
roll does not give the whole expenditure for the year. Thus, there is 
no payment to the chamberlain of the monks for their clothing ; and 
we have the expenses of the abbot's kitchen and of the kitchen of 
the convent for only half a year. In consequence, the sum total of 
expenses is about £345, or £200 less than the average. The date 
may be assigned with some certainty to Michaelmas 147 1. As there is 
mention of ' Robert Faringdon late abbot ', it must be later than 1469 ; 
but if it were of 1470, we ought to find an entry of the expenses at 
the installation of the new abbot in October, 1469. Further, under 
the ' expense forinsece' we are given the days of the month on which 
the steward started on journeys, and we find that if the roll was of 
Michaelmas, 1470 or 1472, some of the dates would fall on Sunday; 
but it is not so in the intervening year. 



Harleian Roll F. a8. 

Superplusagium ; 

Et in superplusagio anni proxuno precedentis prout patet in pede 
computi eiusdem iiii/. xix//. ob. q. 

Summa iiii/. xix^ ob. q. 
Resoluciones, pcnsiones : 

Et computat solut' ballivo domini regis pro visu franciplegii et 
hydagio de Eynesham & Tylgarsley & secta curie Wottone cum iilr. iiii^. 
de precio duorum quarteriorum avenarum ei ab antique allocatorum 
xxiiix. iiii^. ; et solut' collectori domini pape vilr. ; et solut* domino 
episcopo Lincolniensi pro pendone ecclesie de Newton xxj. ; et solut* 
archidiacono Oxonie pro indempnitate fie sinodalibus ecclesiarum appro- 
prietarum iiii/. vj. ii//. ob. q. ; et solut' abbati de Oseney annuatim viLr. ; 
et solut' vicecomiti Oxonie xiiii. iiii//.; et solut* escactori eiusdem comita- 
tus vij. viii</. : et solut' capitulo Lincolniensi pro pentecostalibus & legatis 
per annum xxvi^, v\\\d. ; et computat solut' vicario de Histon pro annuali 
pencione per annum viii/. 

Summa xvii/. ixj, ij//. ob. q. 
Feoda: 

Et solut' Ricardo Walwen pro feodo suo per annum cr. ; et solut' 
lohanni Harecourt pro feodo suo per tempus [computi xlr.] ; et solut' 
Willelmo Dauers pro feodo suo per annum xxxiii^, '\\\\d. ; et solut* Thome 



PREFACE Ixxxvij 

Wodde per tempus huius computi ad uoluntatem domini ei concess* 
xiiij. \\\\d. ; et solut* Agneti Croft et pro regardis de decimis dc Damefford 
xiiu. \\\\d, ; et in feodo lohannis Salt' pro feodo suo xiii^. iiiu/. ; et in feodo 
Ricardi Harecourt militi per annum \\\\s, mid, 

Summa xiii/. vlr. viii^. 
Dona, elemosine cum oblacionibus : 

£t in diversis elemosinis datis pauperibus in cena domini per tempus 
computi xiiiij. viii^. : et in diversis denariis datis servientibus domini pro 
eorum oblacione ex consuetudine ad festum Natalis Domini viir. vmd, ; 
et in denariis datis servientibus domini pro eorum oblacione ex con- 
suetudine ad festum Pasche ws, \x\\d. 

Summa xxvilr. ymd, 
Liberature seu vestes famulorum : 

£t in liiii virgis panni lanii emptis de lohanne Payn' de Witteney pro 
liberaturis diversis famulorum tam in hospicio domini quam conventus, 
extendent" ad xxvii togas, ut toga ad ij virgas in commune precium virge 
per tempus huius computi vi/. 

Summa vi/. 
Empcio necessariorum : 

£t in diversis pannis lineis emptis de lohanne Hardyng de BurfTord 
xxr. y\d, [sackcloth bought at Stourbridge Fair ; iron bought at Bristol ; 
pitch and tar ; hides ; locks and keys, &&] 

£t in iij torticibus emptis & datis sacristar' ad usum ecclesie vlr. imd, ; 
et in iii ^genis olei emptis ad usum dormitorii Wis. vid. 

Summa viii/. xv^. iid, 
£mpcio granorum : 

Summa viii/. xvuis. viii//. 
Empcio stauri : 

Summa xxxiiii/. vif. xd. 
Empcio equorum : 

Siimma iii/. ixs. ud. 
Porcio conventui assignata : 

Et in denariis solutis domino Willelmo Norton priori ad usum conuentus 
pro eorum quoquina & suorum famulorum pro dimidio anno viz. a festo 
sancti Michaelis usque festum Annunciacionis Marie xxxii/. xviis. xd. 
Stipendia famulorum : 

Et computat solut* Hugoni Byltone in parte solucionis stipendii sui 
xxiLr. iiii//. ; et solut' Willelmo Etone coUectori pencionum & porcionum 
ut pro stipendio suo per tempus huius computi xIj. ; et solut' lohanni 
Cappar* ianitori pro stipendio suo per annum xxvir. viii//.; et solut' 
lohanni Mery custodi boscorum & pastori ouium ac virid[ari]o pro sti- 
pendio suo liiij. iiii^. ; et computat soluf Thome Kene custodi pasturarum 
domini per annum xxvi^. viii//. ; et solut* lohanni Hykman barcario \sic\ 
ouium matric' per annum ut pro stipendio suo xxiiij. \\\\d, ; et solut* 
lohanni Malteman pandoxatori & factori bras[ei] ut pro stipendio suo per 



Ixxxviil CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

annum xxvlr. viii^. ; et solut* Thome Santone servienti, sibi & adiuvanti, 
custod[ibus] porcorum pro stipendio suo per annum xx^. ; et soluf 
Thome Foly coco pro stipendio suo per annum X3cr. ; et solut' lohanni 
Forde ballivo pro stipendio suo per annum xxviy. viii. ; et solut' Hugoni 
Shurt fuganti carett* domini pro consimili per annum xxvLr. ; et solut' 
Thome Carter pro stipendio suo per annum xxiiix. ; et Roberto Coliar 
pro consimili per annum xxi^.; et lohanni Holdar pro consimili per 
annum xxlr. ; et computat soluf Alexandro servienti ad aratrum 
pro stipendio suo per annum xxiilr. ; et solut' Ricardo Masone pro 
consimili per annum xixr.; et solut' lohanni Blakeman pro stipendio 
suo per annum xixj. ; et solut* Roberto Carter pro consimili per annum 
xiix. ; et solut* lohanni Sterche bidello pro stipendio suo \xs. ; et solut' 
GryfTyn Ford custodi vaccanun pro stipendio suo per annum xr. ; et com- 
putat solutum Galfrido piston & lohanni Squyar occupantium officium 
pistoris ad tempus necessitatis xvi^. iiii//. ; et solut' lohanni Frank 
carpentario conducto pro dimidio anno xxvi^. viii^. ; et solut' lohanni 
Cuttyng pro quarterio anni conducto ad officium carpentarii \\\\s. \\\\d, ; 
et solut* Willdmo Eliot pro stipendio suo pro dimidio anno xiilf. mid. ; et 
solut* Thome Stanley custodi refectorii & promtuar* ex parte conventus 
xxr. ; et solut* lohanni Bray clerico ecclesie pro stipendio suo xvlr. viii^. ; 
et solut* Willelmo Blanch' barbitonsori et custodi cam[ere] seniorum pro 
stipendio suo xx^. ; et soluf Thome conventuali coco pro stipendio suo 
xms, ; et solut* Henrico Dinsden cissori xxls. ; et solut* lohanne Fostbury 
lotrici pro stipendio suo per annum xviix. iiii^. 

Summa xxxii/. viiLr. muL 
Expense forinsece : 

Et m expensis senescalli reparantis Londonie xxiiii die mensis Nouem- 
bns se tercio pro diversis negociis ibidem expediendis pro utilitate domus 
siue monasterii xviilf. vd. ; et in expensis eiusdem alia vice versus Lond' 
circa idem tercio die mensis [Decembris] pro consimili xxiLr. \\d, ; et in 
expensis eiusdem senescalli apud Oxoniam xv die mensis Decembris 
xiiii^. ; et in expensis eiusdem alia vice ibidem ix die mensis Januarii pro 
utilitate domus vk/. ; et in expensis Lond* xv die mensis Januarii & ibidem 
moram fadentis per xxiii dies pro diuersis materiis ibidem expediendis 
iiii/. xmid ; et in expensis Oxonie xii die mensis Februarii pro materiis 
monasterii ibidem expediendis m\d. ; et in expensis senescalli fietctis apud 
Chorlbury secunda septimana Quadragesime m\d. ; et soluf pro expensis 
Thome Ferthing pro diversis negociis expediendis equitando Burford, 
Oxon, & Thame pro comodo monasterii v^. iiii//. ; et in expensis lohannis 
Starch reparantis ad diversas vices tam Burford quam Oxon' & Thame, 
Banbury, Nortone, Chorlbury & Wodestoke ac Oxon* iiiLr. wd.\ et in 
expensis Hugonis Byltone apud Witteney iiii//. ; et in expensis compu- 
tantis apud Banbury octavo die mensis Augusti pro diversis ibidem 
expediendis ad utilitatem monasterii \s. \}d. ; et in expensis eiusdem com- 
putantis apud Histone & nundinas de Sterebrugge mense Septembris 



PREFACE Ixxxix 

pro victualibus, pisdbus & aliis ibidem emendis & providendis pro 
utiiitate domus siue monasterii una cum expensis eundi, redeundi & 
moram ibidem trahentis per tempus huius computi xxixj. iiii^. ; et in 
expensis lohannis Clive & WUelmi Eliot factis ad diversas vices equi- 
tant[ium] Bamptone, Mynstre Louell & Oxon' pro diversis negociis 
ibidem expediendis pro utiiitate monasterii viz. ad hostendendum diversas 
evidendas pro secta ibidem quassanda, iilr. ymd, ; et in cust' & expensis 
factis Oxonie pro repl' prioris de Bircetur ibidem quassand' ii^. 

Summa viii/. xv^. ix^. 
Custus pladtonim cum regardis : 

Et in regardis datis Thome Towncsyend unius [sic\ servient' ad legem 
retent* cum concilio domini & monasterii pro materia tangente Collegium 
Lincoln* Oxonie pro Combe & aliis vlr. v'md, ; et in regardis datis Thome 
Brown retento cum concilio monasterii & pro factura evidenciarum inter 
monasterium & dictum Collegium Lincoln* viij. vmd, ; et Hugoni Seynt 
& Thome Ferthing pro materia lohannis Wodd* supersed[endi] viii^. \}d, ; 
& lohanni Salt* pro regardis \vs. viii//.; et in regardis datis Thome 
Swylingtone attomato in Scaccario domini regis iilr. \md. ; et datum 
lohanni Chorlletone pro favore habendo in exec[utione] unius comp[uti] 
pros' versus servientes & tenentes monasterii per tempus huius computi 
vij. vmd. ; et in regardis datis magistro doctori Wawan per manus vicarii 
de Histone ex precepto domini abbatis xxf. 

Summa lixr. ii^. 
Taxado ecdesiarum : 

Et computat solut* episcopo Lincoln pro ecdesia de Newtone causa 
visitadonis sue per tempus huius computi iilr. mid ; et solut' episcopo 
Eliensi pro ecdesia de Histone pro consimili una cum aliis expensis 
factis circa archideaconum [sic\ prout patet m papiro inde examinato 
xvilr. iiii^. 

Summa xx^. i\\\d> [sic] 
Custus ibidem : [Repairs of builduigs.] 

Summa xxx/. xii^. \d^ 
Reparadones pontium et escuradones fossarum : 
[Bridges and ditches.] 

Summa Ixxii^. iM, 
Emptio necessariorum cum custu hosbondrie : 
[Purchase of farming implements.] 

Summa iiii/. xilr. huL 
Ferrura equorum : 
[Shoeing of horses and repairs of wagons.] 

Summa xxxixj. \\d, ob. 
Triturado et ventulacio granorum : 
[Threshing and winnowing.] 

Summa ens. xd. ob, 
Cariagium fimi : [Carting of dung &c] 

Summa xxxix^. vii^ 



xc CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Sarculacio bladorum et fdcacio feni : 

Summa Ixiix. iiiid. 
Levacio feni : 

Summa xxxu. vi^ 
Custus autumpni : 

[Cutting and carrying of com.] 
Summa ix/. ii^. viiu/. 
Custus bidencium : 

[The dipping of sheep.] 

Summa xii^. x\d. 
Empdo signorum cum expensis eorundem : 

[Two swans bought for 22(L and yxLy &c.] 
Summa viilr. v'ld, 
Empcio victualium ad hospicium : 

[Fish for half a year for the abbot and also for the convent.] 
Summa xvi/. ixj. \d. 
Expense in hospicio & coquina : 

£t in expensis in hospicio & coquina domini factis per diem quorum 
parcelle particulariter specificantur & ceriatim nominantur in libro supra- 
dicti computantis per tempus huius computi. 

[Summa] xxxvi/. %d, 
Empcio specierum & aliorum ad hospicium : 

Et in sale & farina avenarum cum speciebus emptis ad usum hospicii & 
quoquine tarn pro domino quam pro conventu per tempus huius computi 
prout patet in parcel la in libro dial computantis. 

Summa iiii/. mis. Tud. 
Penciones cum feodis & vadiis in Hystone : 

Et computat solut' Roberto Faryngdon nuper abbati de quadam annua 
pencione ei ad terminum vite sue per dominum abbatem nunc & conven- 
tu m concessa sub eorum commune sigillo, percipienda annuatim de 
manerio & redditu de Histone prout in evidenciis ipsius plenius apparet 
xxx/. ; et computat solut* Thome Grey militi senescallo de Histone 
predicto pro feodo suo xx^. ; et in vadiis collectoris redditus ibidem per 
tempus huius compoti xlv^. ; et in auxilio vicecomitis & ballivi hundredi 
annuatim domino regi soluto prout in libris computorum precedentium 
plenius apparet xxviilr. ; et in quadam annuitate annuatim Willelmo 
Wyghton ad terminum vite sue ei concessa sub sigillo commune mona- 
sterii IxvLr. viii^. ; et in diversis reparacionibus, decasibus & aliis expensis 
curie una cum regardis subsenescalli tenentis curiam hoc anno, viz. per 
tempus huius computi Ixxviix. \\\d. 
Summa xli/. xiir. iii^. 
Expense senescalli cum vadiis suis : 

Et in vadiis pro camera senescalli & computantis ei iuxta morem con- 
ventus assignata per tempus huius computi solutis xb. ; et in regardis ei 
concessis per dominum abbatem pro labore suo & aliis suis forinsecis 



PREFACE xci 

expensis per tempus huius computi factis xIj. ; et in denariis solutis pro 
tabula sua celebranda & custod* altam missam vice & nomine suo per 
tempus huius computi diversis confratribus suis iuxta formam & modum 
religionis & dicto computanti allocatis xiilr. \\\\d, ; et in papiro & parga- 
meno una cum incausto emptis ad usum computantis necessarium habendis 
per tempus huius computi \\\s. WWd, 

Summa mil. xvi^. viii^. 
Solucio debitorum : 

£t in denariis solutis Ricardo Walwen generoso pro debitis antiquis 
monasterii contentatis prout patet. 
Summa vi/. xiilf. iiii^. 

Summa omnium allocationum & liberacionum denariorum cccxlix/. id. ob. 

£t computans remanet in superplusagio xxxvii/. iilr. vii^. ob. q. 

The fourth and last of the Harleian rolls which is worth printing is 
F. 27. The beginning of the roll is missing, but there can be little 
doubt that it is the account of the camerartus for Michaelmas, 1 403, or 
1404. Every year a sum was paid to him as an allowance for the 
private expenses of the monks, and this roll shows in what way the 
money had been spent, and how much still remained to the credit of 
each member. The last three names are William Chyrchehylle, Ralf 
Dadyngton, and John Oxinford, who had become eligible for an 
allowance only three months before the date of the account. Now, in 
April, 1404, the Bishop of Lincoln granted permission to these three, 
who were at that date already professed at Eynsham, to be advanced 
from the order of acolytes to holy orders by any catholic bishop.* If 
this permission is of the same date as their profession, it is possible 
that our roll is of Michaelmas, 1404, for it seems from other records 
that a man received no allowance as long as he was a novice, but only 
when he was professed. It is, however, more natural to assume that 
they were professed before they made their application to the bishop, 
and that the date of this account is Michaelmas, 1403. It will be 
noticed that in the course of the year Thomas Oxinford ceased to be 
the scholar of the monastery maintained at the University according to 
the statutes of the Benedictine order, and his place was taken by Peter 
Erdyngton. This corroborates the date of 1406 which we have 
assigned to roll F. 20, printed above, in which we find mention of 
Peter Erdyngton, a monk of Eynsham, studying at Oxford. 

From the information supplied by this roll, we learn that an allow- 
ance of £2 for each monk was paid to the camerartus, but in the case 
of those who were not priests one-third was deducted and distributed 



1 Beaoibrf s register at Lincoln, foL 59^ 



xcii CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

among those who were priests. Thus, the last six in our roll receive 
6s. 8d. a quarter instead of los., and as the total paid to them was 
I OOP. there would be 6oj. from their portions to be distributed to the 
others; and this is the exact figiu-e given towards the end of the roll. 
In addition to this, the profits of the rectory of Merton had been set 
aside to increase the allowance, those who were priests receiving 
8s. 4</. each, the others 6s. Sd. ; and perhaps from this source came the 
small stipends of the second and third prior. In this year each priest 
must have received about 52^., and to this was added a balance of 
a few shillings due from the previous year. From this allowance each 
man bought clothes and boots, he paid for journeys to his friends 
(devillcLcio), for entertainment of visitors, in some cases for a pilgrimage 
to Canterbury, for beds, spices, a knife, &c., and sometimes, by special 
leave, part of the allowance was given to a poor relative. At the end of 
the roll the camerarius accounts for the wages of a tailor, a washerwoman, 
and a shoemaker, each receiving 5^. a year, and an allowance of %d. 
a week for food. Perhaps this was only a retaining fee, for it could 
not represent the full pay of a tailor or shoemaker. 

Although the roll is defective at the beginning, it is clear that not 
more than three names are wanting. For at the end of the account 
we read that the allowances together with the balances from the 
previous year amounted to £57 loj. i il^/., while the balances and 
allowances on that part of the roll which remains amount to £49 5^ . ^d. 
Now, the allowance of one of the senior monks was not less than 
£2 8s. 4d.; it is therefore impossible that as many as four names are 
wanting, and the number would be only two if we postulate a substan- 
tial balance from the previous year. Therefore, according to this roll, 
the nmnber of monks at the beginning of the year was 22 or 23, of 
whom one was absent at Oxford, and during the course of the year 
three more were added 

Harleian Roll F. 27. 

[ ]. Et debentur eidem [ ]. 

[ ]: 

Debentur de compute precedent! xvi^. iii//. od. qua. ; et de porcione sua 
xl^.; et de porcione sua ecclesie de Meriton yms. xWuL Summa 
Ixiiilr. vii^. ob. qua. 

Inde liberat[io] eidem in i cucullo de say vlr. \\d. ; item in bumeto 
ymd. ob. qua. ; sutor* ii^. \\d. Summa ixj. yd. ob. qua. 

Et debentur eidem Ivj. iid. 
Willelmus Henreth : 

Debentur de compute precedenti xxxws. xid. ob. qua. ; et de porcione 



PREFACE xciii 

sua xlx. ; et causa officii subprioris iilf. mid, ; et de porcione sua ecclesie 
de Meriton viilr. iiii^ Summa iiii/. vii^. vii^. ob, qua. 

Inde liberat[io] eidem in i roba de say viii^. iiii^. ; item in dimidia 
uncia serici -nd. ; item in staminis iii^. iiii^. ; item in blanket xx\d. ; 
item in i pellic* emend* xii^. ; item in deuillac* vLr. viii//. ; item in hospit' 
Wis, ; item in speciebus viii//. ; item in oblat[ionibus] dat' iilr. iiii^. ; sutor' 
zvii//. Summa xxxr. 

Et debentur eidem IviLr. vii^. ob, qua, 
lohannes London : 

Debentur de computo precedent! \d. ob, : et de porcione sua xLr. ; et de 
porcione sua ecclesie de Meritone viiij. iiii^. Summa xlviiij. \xd, ob, 

Inde liberal' eidem in i lecto nouo empto xxxr. ; item in i roba de say 
xlr. ymd, ; item in stam[in]is] ii^. \d, ob. qua. ; item in bumet' ns, id. ob, ; 
item in furur' em[pt' us.]. Summa xlviiij. iii^. qua, 

Et debentur eidem vid, qua, 
Willelmus Cogg[s] : 

Debentur de computo precedenti xliilf. id, ; et de pordone sua ids, ; et 
de porcione sua ecclesie de Meritone viilr. ilnd. Summa iiii/. ids, vd, 

Inde liberat' eidem in bumet' xiii^. ob, qua.; item in panno nigro 
iii^. idd. ; item in i par' pedul' id. ob. ; item in seric' vd. ob, qua. ; item in 
cultello Tviiid. ob, ; item dat' sorori ex licencia abbatis xiiis. mid. ; item in 
panno linio viii//. qua. ; item in hospit' Ixs. y\d. ; item in deuillac' vi^. viii//. ; 
sutor' iiilr. vmd. Summa xlii^. ob, qua, 

Et debentur eidem xlixr. iiii^. qua, 
Thomas Meritone : 

Debentur de computo precedenti vWs. ud, ob, qua, ; et de porcione sua 
xlj. ; et de porcione ecclesie de Meritone viilr. m\d, Summa Ivi^. \\d, 
ob, qua, 

Inde liberat* eidem in i cucullo de say iiilr. \d, ob. ; in seric* vd, ob, ; 
item in stam[in]is ii^. ui. ; item in i clamid' iilr. iiii^. ; item in pedul' iii^. ; 
item in hospit* vlr. viii^. ; item in cultello ii^. iiii^£ ; item in panno linio 
\\s. ob. ; item uersus Cantuariam causa peregrinacionis xviiLr. ; item in 
speciebus xmd. ; sutor* iii^. ii^. Summa xliiir. \\d, ob, 

Et debentur eidem xiLr. qua, 
Rogerus Clere : 

Debentur de computo precedenti vns, y\\d, ob, ; et de porcione sua xl^. ; 
et de porcione sua ecclesie de Meritone viilr. iiii^. Summa \ms, idd, ob, 

Inde liberal eidem in i roba de say viilr. vid, ; item in seric* wid, ; item 
in panno nigro xxiii^ ob. qua., in panno linio xviii^.; item in hospit' 
v\s, viii^.; item in speciebus ms. vid.; item pro factur' camera [sic] 
infirmar* xxxiiif. ii^. ; sutori ii^. id. Summa Iviix. xd, ob. qua, 

Et debentur eidem ob, qua. 
Henricus Dyngele : 

Debentur de computo precedenti vii^. ix^. ob,; et de porcione sua 
xLr. ; et de porcione ecclesie de Meritone viilr. iiii^ Summa Ivlr, id. ob. 



xciv CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Inde liberat' eidem in i roba de say xr. ; item in i lecto xiii^. mid, ; 
item in panno nigro xd. qua, ; item in stam[in]is ilr. vd, ob. qua, ; item in 
i furur* erapt' vj. y\d, ; item in pedul' vWd. ob. ; item in hospit* vlf. viii^, ; 
item in seric* ii^. ; item in deuillac' iilr. viii^. ; sutor' iiilr. yi\d, Summa 
xlviij. yui, ob. 

£t debentur eidem viiij. md. 
Ricardus Wytteneye : 

Debentur de compute precedenti xvii x. rid. ; et de porcione sua xLr. ; et 
de porcione sua ecclesie de Meritone viilr. iiii^. Summa Ixvi^. md. 

Inde liberat' eidem in i roba de say viiLr. iiii^. ; item in seric* vid. ; 
item in bumet' ii^. Wid, ob. ; item in panno linio viii^. qua. ; item in 
pedul' md\ item in emendacione pellic' jmd.\ item in i ciph[o] mirreo 
empto xiiij. xmd.; item in hospit' viilr. viii^. ob.'y item in deuillac' 
vii^. \\\\d. ; item in i lecto empto xiiLr. id. ; sutor* ilr. \ld. Summa Iviilf. qua. 

Et debentur eidem viiLr. \id. ob. qua. 
Rogerus ate Lee : 

Debentur de computo precedenti yd. ob. ; et de porcione sua xl^. ; et 
de porcione sua ecclesie de Meritone viii^. \\\\d. Summa xlviiLr. ix^. ob. 

Inde liberal' eidem in i cucull* de say v\s. \\\\d. ; item in hospit' 
iiilf. mid. ; item in deuillac' vix. vMid. ; item in panno nigro iilr. ixd. qua. 
Summa xxix. vd. qua. 

£t debentur eidem xxvilr. iiii^. qua. 
lohannes Cirencestrie : 

Debentur de computo precedenti xlr. wid. ob. ; et de porcione sua xlf. ; 
et de porcione ecclesie de Meritone viiLr. iiii^. Summa Xnns. nd. ob. 

Inde liberat* eidem in i roba de say xilr. wid. ; item in seric' wid. ; item 
in panno nigro wis. xid. ob. qua. ; item in hospit' wis. xd. ; item in speciebus 
ixis. Hid. ; in oblat' ius. iiWd. ; item uersus Cantuariam causa peregrina- 
cionis xxs. ; item in bumet' iiilr. id. ; sutor* ilr. iid* Summa lixr. viii^. 
ob. qua. 

£t debentur eidem id. ob. qua. 
Petrus Erdyngtone ; 

Debentur de computo precedenti' xiiii//. ob. qua. ; et de porcione sua 
dimidio anno xxx. ; et de porcione ecclesie de Meritone viiii. iiii^. 
Summa xxbis. wid. ob. qua. ^ 

Inde liberat' eidem in panno nigro viii^. qua. ; item in ii pellic' emptis 
wiixs. ; item in hospit' ilr. xid. ob. ; item uersus Lond[iniam] ac alios locos 
xvlr. ; sutor' ilr. viii^. Summa ut supra. 

£t nichil remanet. 
Willelmus Whijtcherche : 

Debentur de computo precedenti ii^. ob. ; et de porcione sua xLr. ; et de 
porcione ecclesie de Meritone viilr. iiii<^ Summa xlviiii. wid. ob. 

Inde liberat' eidem in i roba de say xx. wid.\ item in panno nigro 
xxis. wxid. ob. ; item in stam[in]is xxs. wd. ob. qua. ; item in panno linio 
wxxd. ; item in i furur* empt' ws. wid. pro i tunica ; item in seric' wid. ; 



PREFACE xcv 

item in hospit' vlr. ; item in deuillac* vj. ; sutor* mis. vWid, Summa 
xlvii^. x//. qua. 

£t debentur eidem viii^. qua. 
lohannes Bartone (tercius prior) : 

Debentur de compute precedent! xxiii//. qua. ; et de porcione sua xlf. ; 
et causa officii terdi prions ms. mid. ; et de porcione ecclesie de Meritone 
viiij. iiii//. Summa liiLr. viii^. qua, 

Inde liberal' eidem in bumet' m\s, y\\d, ; item in i roba de say \xs, vxd, ; 
item in seric' wud. ; item in iii par* pedul* \md, ob. ; item in stam[in]is 
iilr. \\d. ob. qua. ; item dat' patri suo ex licencia abbatis xs, ; item dat' 
priori pro fundac' faciend' xr. ; item pro i furur* empt* vlr. ; item in 
deuiUac* \s, md. ; sutor' iiLr. md. Summa liiif. qua. 

£t debentur eidem vWd. 
Willelmus Yslepe : 

Debentur de compute precedent! ms. mid. ob. ; et de porcione sua ids. ; 
et de porcione ecclesie de Meritone \ms. \md. Summa \\s. vmd. ob. 

Inde liberat* eidem in i roba de say xilr. v\d. ; item in seric' \md. ob. ; 
item in pedul' iii^. ; item in panno linio vmd. qua. ; item in emendacione 
pellic' y\\d. ; item in hospit* y\s. ; item in deuillac' viii^. iiii^. ; item in 
i lecto nouo empto xiiLr. vWd. ; sutor* ilr. xi^. Summa xlvj. \id. ob. qua. 

Et debentur eidem vlr. \d. ob. qua. 
Thomas Oxinford : 

Debentur de computo precedent! vWs. y\d. qua. ; et de porcione sua pro 
termino Michaelis & sancti lohannis Baptiste xxs} ; et de porcione sua 
ecclesie de Meriton \ms. m\d. Summa -xxvs. %d. qua. 

Inde liberat* eidem in bumet' xiii^. ob. qua.; item in panno nigro 
Yiid. ob. ; item in i roba de say viiLr. iiii//. ; item in stam[in]is ilr. v\d. ; 
item in panno linio xv^. ob. ; item in hospit' iiir. vi^. ; item in deuillac' 
Ills. vid. ; sutor* iiii^. iid. Summa toys. ob. qua. 

£t debentur eidem ix^ ob. 
Thomas Kanyng: 

Debentur de computo precedent! vs. vd. ob. ; et de porcione sua 
xxvij. viii^. ; et de porcione sua ecclesie de Meritone vlr. viii<^ Summa 
xxxviilf. iTuf. ob. 

Inde liberat* eidem roba [sic] de say viiis. iii!^. ; item in seric' yd. ob. ; 
item in panno linio ii^. iid. ob. ; item in emendac' i pellic' vii^. ; item 
pro i camera in dormit' xiilr. iiii//. ; item in peduF iWd. ; item in deuillac' 
vlr. viii^. ; item in hospit' vs. Hid. ob. Summa xxxvilr. id. ob, 

Et debentur eidem xx^. 
Ricardus Oxinforde : 

Debentur de computo precedent! iilr. ixd. ; et de . porcione sua 
xxvi^. viii^. ; et de porcione sua ecclesie de Meritone vi^. viii^ Summa 
xxxvilr. id. 

^ < Michaelis 8c * is scratched out, and 'quia scolaris tunc * vnritten above it : and 
zx altered to x. 



xcvi CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Inde liberat* eidem in i roba de say viiix. Wld. ; item in seric' v\d, ; 
item in panno nigro xxiii//. ob. ; item in pedul' iii^ ; item in emendac* 
furur' xvd, ob.; item pro i camera in dormitor' viii^. iiii^; item in 
deuillac* vLr. iiii^; Item in panno linio ymd. qua\ item in speciebus 
\xd, ; sutor' md. Summa xxxs. \d. qua. 

£t debentur eidem vlr. xi</. ob. qua. 
lohannes Radele : 

Debentur de computo precedenti ixx. ii^. ob, ; et de porcione sua 
xxvir. vmd, ; et de pordone sua ecdesie de Meritone vlr. viii^. Summa 
xlilr. y\d, ob, 

Inde liberat' eidem in i roba de say xj. iii^. ; item in seric' y'md, ob, ; 
item in panno nigro xxii^. qua, ; item in i par* stragul[arum] \s, \\\\d. ob, ; 
item in panno linio xv//. qua. ; item in emendac* i pellic' y\\d, ; item dat* 
matri sue iii^. iiii^. ; item in staminis Ws, vid, ob. ; item in hospit' iilr. vid. ; 
item in deuillac' lis, iiii^. ; sutor uiis. iiii^. Summa xxxv'is. vd. 

Et debentur eidem vis. id. ob. 
Willelmus Chyrchehylle : 

Debentur hie primo pro termino sancd lohannis Baptiste vir. viiid. 

Inde liberat' eidem pro sutor' bui. 

£t debentur eidem vs. xid. 
Radulphus Dadyngton : 

Debentur hie primo pro termino sancti lohannis vlr. vind. 

Inde liberat' eidem in vi virgis & dimidia de say, vs. ob, ; et in seric' 
vid. Sununa vs. vid. ob. 

£t debentur eidem ziii^ ob. 
lohannes Oxinford : 

Debentur hie primo pro termino sancti lohannis Baptiste vis. viiid. 

Et debentur eidem vis. viiid. 

Summa omnium expensarum conuentus xliii/. xLr. idd. ob, qua. 
Sununa debitorum diuersis fratribus xiii/. xixx. 

Sununa utriusque Ivii/. xs, jld. ob, qua. ; et sic summa totalis receptorum 
concordat cum expensis conuentus & summa debitorum diuersis fratribus 
preter vi/. xlr., de quibus idem respondet inferius in compoto eiusdem de 
forinseds expensis. 

Compotus eiusdem de omnibus receptis & expensis forinsecis fiictis in 
dicto offido anno supradicto. 

Arreragia. Idem respondet de iiii/. iiii^. ob. qua., remanent' super 
ultimum compotum suum huius officii anni precedentis. 
Summa iiii/. mid. ob. qua. 

Recept*. Et de vi/. xlr. recept' : unde de porcione non sacerdotis Is., 
et pro forinsecis expensis xb., et pro tribus seruientibus in hoc officio xli^. 
Summa totalis recep[torum] cum arreragiis x/. xLr. iiii//. 
ob. qua. 

Minute expense pro necessariis. Idem comp. liberat' de porcione non 
sacerdotis, ad distribuendum inter sacerdotes is. ; item solut' in speciebus 



PREFACE xcvii 

conuentus y\s. viiuf. ; item sissori pro filo \i\s, \\\\d, ; item lotrici pro filo 
xviiL ; item sutori pro sagie iilf. iiii^. ; item in expensis circa itinerant* ad 
diuersos locos xvi^; item in oblacionibus datis ad Natale domini & 
Pascha xviii//. ; item in ferur* equi per annum ii^. ; item in prebenda 
equi iir. vi^. ; item in i par botarum causa officii ex consuetudine pro 
labore suo ii^. v\d, ; item in perchamen' & papiro pro computo scribendo 
i\\d. ; item pro uino in die C9mpot[i] xvi//. ; item in marchel[sia] unius 
equi vid. una vice & alia vice vi^. 
Summa Ixxvilf. \d, 

Stipendia & coquina famulorum per annum integrum. Idem comp. 
soluf scissori pro stipendio suo per annum vs. ; item eidem pro coquina 
sua viiij. vmd. ; item solut' lotrici pro stipendio suo per annum vs. ; item 
eidem pro coquina sua viiif. viii//. ; item solut* sutor* pro stipendio suo per 
annum ys, ; item pro coquina sua per annum viiij. viii^. 
Summa xli^. 

Summa onmium expensarum forinsecarum cxviiij. \d, ; et sic recepta 
excedunt expensas iiii^ xiii^. ixid. ob. qua,, que remanent in manu 
computantis. 



While these pages were passing through the press, an early charter 
of Eynsham of the time of abbot Rob^ (i 197-1206), not fomid 
in the Cartulary, was purchased by the authorities of the Bodleian 
Library ; it is as follows : — 

Sciant presentes & futuri quod ego Robertus diuina miseracione abbas 
de Eignesham et eiusdem loci conuentus dedimus & concessimus 
Wilielmo del Frith filio Steikeri & Sabine uxori eius & heredibus suis 
pro seruido & homagio suo totam terram quam Ricardus Rufus tenuit 
de ecclesia nostra in Wodechote cum omnibus que ad predictam terram 
pertinent & insuper unam acram terre iuxta exitum domus sue, tenendam 
de nobis libere & quiete & honorifice ab omni seruicio & exaccione seculari 
& consuetudine, reddendo nobis annuatim viginti duos solidos ad quatuor 
terminos, videlicet in festo sancti Michaelis v solidos et vi denarios, in 
festo sancti Thome apostoli v solidos et vi denarios, in Pascha v solidos 
et vi denarios, in Natiuitate sancti lohannis Baptiste v solidos et vi 
denarios. Ut autem hec nostra donacio & concessio perpetue firmitatis 
robur optineat, eam presentis scripti attestacione & sigillorum nostrorum 
apposidone dignum duximus corroborare. Hiis testibus, Magistro 
Martiano de Wilton' qui hanc cartam scripsit, Wilielmo persona de 
Sul|>home, Radulfo clerico de Stokes, Thoma & lacobo derids, Hugone 
de Gersindune, lohanne ianitore, Galfrido camerario, Simone marescallo, 
Auenello, Alano, Waltero Tholdin, Waltero Submuro, Ricardo Submuro, 
lukelo milite de Stokes, Ricardo de Wdecote, Henrico Banas[tre] 
Wilielmo Passeliue et multis aliis. 



xcviii CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

It has two seals ; on the left the seal of the abbot, a full-length figure 
with a book in the left hand and the legend [si]gillv[m • rJoberti • 
DEi[:« GRACiA •] ABBATis • egn[£Shami£]. The Other is the seal of the 
abbey, hitherto unknown, representing the Virgin with Child seated 
on the conventional stool or throne, with a lily in her right hand ; of 
the legend nothing remains but [sigil]lvm : sanc .... On the reverse, 
which is much broken, there is a fbll-length figure, apparently the 
Virgin, with a star on her right side : the letters .... ari[.]kdidit .... 
are legible. The discovery of this seal proves that the conjecture made 
in Vol. I (see frontispiece), that the seal of the abbey was changed in 
1 21 3, is correct Probably all those religious houses which were in 
the hands of the king during the interdict found it necessary to have 
a new seal when they were recovered from the king in 12 13. 



A few words may be added about Charter no. i. Vol. I, p. 20, on 
which Mr. Horace Round has made two happy suggestions. He pro- 
poses that Rameslege should be identified with Rameslie, which is 
mentioned in the SiiMs&ex Domesday \ although the name is now lost^ it 
is known that it corresponded with the modem manor of Brede; and 
as Domesday shows that it was on the coast, it would have a ' hithe ' 
or harbour. He also suggests that Scyldford with its thirteen hides is 
Shelford in Cambridgeshire, which in Domesday is a manor of Ely, 
containing thirteen hides and thirty-nine acres. If this is so, it remains 
that Little Compton must be found in the neighbourhood of Up-Octery 
or Lalling, iot the charter says that the four properties were ' tribus in 
locis '. 



CORRIGENDA. VOL. I. 

Page zzxiii, line 14, read Thomus/or Martin. 
Page 70, line 25, read RicnTdo/or Roberto. 
Page 97, line 18, read udme for anima. 
Page 143, line 27, read Nidiolao/^r Nicholas. 
Page 163, line 14, read eiem<maznofir elmosinario. 
Page 309, line 18, r^Af qnendam^^ qnendan. 
Page 351, line 7, insert et after Eboraco. 
Page 404, ma^in, read i%tfifor ia68. 



V 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

PART II 

[The second part of the Eynsham Cartulary, preserved in the library 
of the Dean and Chapter of Christ Church, Oxford, is a small parchment 
volume, bound in law calf. It will be seen that the greater part of it con- 
sists of a series of inquisitions, held about the year i36o, dealing with the 
manors that were farmed by the Abbey, describing the size and condition 
of the lands and fields, the nature and value of the services of the 
villains, and the estimated annual profit. They are of considerable 
interest for the light they throw on the methods of farming, on customary 
services, and on the effects of the Black Death. The pestilence of 1349 
had caused such changes that the old terriers or inquisitions were useless; 
it was no longer possible to till all the arable land, and that which was of 
poor quality, being allowed to revert to rough pasture, was worth no more 
than a penny an acre ; on the other hand, meadow land, the amount of 
which was limited and could not in many cases be increased, had risen in 
value and was worth 4^. or 5^. an acre, and even %s, Sd, at Charlbury. 
Further, in some manors, as at Woodeaton, the villains had insisted that 
their customary services should be lightened, while at Eynsham and 
RoUright so great was the mortality that much of the land which had 
formerly been held in villainage had now to be farmed m demesne. For 
these reasons new terriers were necessary. In compiling them, the land 
was no longer described by reputed acres and half acres, but accurately 
measured and the extent calculated, with curious mmuteness, to the 
sixteenth part of a square barley-corn. 

These inquisitions are entered in a contemporary hand, and the blank 
leaves which were left were subsequently filled by tbe insertion of miscel- 
laneous deeds ; there is no writing of an earlier date than the latter half 
of the fourteenth century. We conclude that the volume was bound or 
rebound at the beginning of the sixteenth century from the form of the 
letters a, d, c, d, ^,/,^, ^, which are written at the foot of fols. i', 9', 15', 
25'> 46', 51', 83', 102', being the first pages of the eight gatherings of 
which. the book is composed. It seems that they were written as a guide 
to the binder at that time ; and the paper fly-leaves which the volume 
has, were probably added then. Part of the book was abready lost ; for 
the opening words on fol. i prove that an inquisition about Mickleton 
should precede, and there is evidently a leaf missing between folios 
n. B 



1^ 



2 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

8 and 9 ; but as the ink from the letter b at the foot of 9' is blotted on 8% 
it is evident that the page was already gone when those letters were 
added. 

On one of the paper fly-leaves the following is written in a hand of 
about 1520: — 

A kyntts fee 

iii barley comys taken owt oflF the mydd' off the ere off lenght makyt 
an ynche, & xii ynches makyt a fott, & xvi fot & a hallffe makyt 
a peryche, & xl perche in lenght' & iiii in bredythe makyt an acar 
off land, & iiii acars makyt' a yerd off land, & v yerd' makyt* an hyde 
off land, and viii hyd' makyt a knyttes fce.^] 



602. 

fol. I'. Shyfforde. 

[c. 1360.] Inquisicio capta apud Shyfforde per homagium eiusdem iuratum 
coram domino Galfrido abbate monasterii de Egnesham predicto & 
fratre Nicholao de Vptone, predecessore ipsius abbatis, amiis domini & 
dicti abbatis predictis.' 

In primis dicit quod curia manerii, vt in aysiamentis domorum 
& clausi adiacentis, deductis expensis & reprisis domorum, valet 
annuatim vi s. viii d. 

Item dicit quod tempore Ade' abbatis fuit ibidem molendinum 
ventricium, ad quod omnes tenentes abbatis de Shyfforde, Welde, 
Astone, & Cote molare tenebantur, & valuit xx s. 

Mensuracio terrarum, pratorum, & pasturarum facta & mensurata 
per predictos dominum abbatem & fratrem Nicholaum per perticam, 
qua Mukeltone mensurabatur : — 

Est vna cultura, nuncupata Shjrppelonde, & continet in toto 
septem acras, dimidiam acram & dimidiam rodam, & valet acra 
iii d. & bis successive seminatur ; terra ibidem aquosa non mensuratur. 
Summa denarionim, xxii d. ob. qua. dim. qua. 

Est ibidem prope alia cultura, nyncupata Clayfurlong, & continet 
cum capital! inferiori octo acras, vnam rodam, tres perticas cum 
dimidia, & potest ter seminari successive, videlicet post warettum 
ordium, anno sequente cum grosso pulstro, & anno tercio cum 
frumento, & valet acra viii d. Summa denariorum v s, vi d. 

^ It need hardly be said that this inquisition of Mickleton should precede 
statement is fall of mistakes. this. 

* The fourth sentence proves that an * Adam de Lamboome, 1307-16. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 3 

Est ad capud dicte culture vna longa cultura, nuncupata Holle- 
furlongy & continet nouem acras & vnam rodam preter quinque 
perticas, & potest ter seminari vt supra, grosso pulstro mutato in pisas, 
& valet acra viil d. Summa denariorum vi s. iiii d. 

Est vna cultura prope clausum domini, & continet cum longo 
capitali vndecim acras, dimidiam acram, dimidiam rodam & vnam 
perticam. Sunt ibidem iuxta Mulnehulle ex parte australi | quinque foL z^« 
curte butte tendentes in viam regiam & continent dimidiam acram, 
vnam rodam, dimidiam rodam & duodecim perticas ; & potest semi- 
nari sicut Clayfurlonge, & valet acra viii d. Summa denariorum 
viii s. iiii d. ob. 

Est vna cultura ad capud dicte culture septemdecim selionum 
nuncupata Wynemere, & continet quinque acras & tres perticas. Sunt 
ibidem decem seliones curte ex parte occidentali tendentes [ — ^] de 
Mulnehulle, & continent duas acras, dimidiam rodam & quatuor 
perticas. Est eciam vna cultura ibidem ex opposito partis superioris 
de HoUefurlong, iacens iuxta viam regiam, & continet quatuor acras, 
dimidiam acram & sex perticas, & potest seminari sicut HoUefurlong 
& cum huiusmodi semine, & valet acra vi d. Sunmia denariorum 
V s. X d. 

Sunt due seliones bnge, iacentes in Smallefurlong, & continent 
vnam acram, dimidiam acram & nouem perticas & possunt seminari 
sicut Clayfiirlonge & cum huiusmodi semine, & valet acra viii d* 
Summa denariorum xii d. ob. 

Est vna cultura in campo oriental! iuxta tenementum Vppe, & 
continet quinque acras, dimidiam acram, dimidiam rodam & decem 
perticas ; & potest seminari sicut Clayfurlong & cum eodem semine, ft 
valet acra vi d. Summa denariorum ii s. x d. 

Est vna cultura ibidem ex parte oriental! predicte culture & ad 
capud de Fysshefurlong, & potest seminari sicut Clayfurlong & cum 
eodem semine, & continet nouem acras & tres perticas, & valet acra 
vi d. Summa denariorum iiii s. vi d. 

Est ibidem vna cultura ex parte oriental! tendens se ad Weylond 
atte Wyly, & continet sex acras, dimidiam rodam & quatuor perticas, 
& potest seminari sicut Clayfurlong & cum eodem semine, & valet acra 
iii! d. Summa denariorum ii s. ob. 

Sunt sub eadem cultura ad Weylond atte Wyly quatuor | seliones foL 2'. 
longe & late, ft continent quinque acras, vnam rodam & septem 
perticas, ft possunt seminari sicut Clayfurlong ft cum eodem semine, 
ft valet acra vi d. Summa denariorum ii s. vi! d. ob. qua. 

Est vna cultura nuncupata Blethemanfurlong vltra le Redelond, & 

» lUegible. 
B 2 



4 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

continet tres acras, dimidiam acram & dimidiam rodam, & potest 
seminari sicut Hollefurlong & cum eodem semine, & valet acra viii d* 
Summa denariorum ii s. v d. 

Est vna magna cultura nuncupata Fysshefiirlonge tendens se in 
Euerlongwey, & continet cum capitali superiori sexdecim acras, vnam 
rodam, dimidiam rodam & decem perticas; & potest seminari sicut 
HoUefurlonge ft cum eodem semine, & valet acra vii d. Summa 
denariorum viii s. ii d. ob. 

Est vna cultura in campo boriali nuncupata Droueacres, & continet 
sex acras, dimidiam acram ft octo perticas, ft bis seminatur, ft valet 
acra iiii d. Summa denariorum ii s. ii d. 

Est vna cultura ibidem nuncupata Stonyfiirlong, ft bis seminatiu* ; 
continet cum capitali superiori quindecim acras, dimidiam acram, vnam 
rodam ft dimidiam rodam, ft valet acra iiii d Sununa denariorum 
V s. v d. qua. 

Est vna cultura ibidem nuncupata Wellefurlonge, ft bis seminatur, ft 
continet de terra arabili cum duobus capitalibus decem acras, dimidiam 
acram, vnam rodam, dimidiam rodam ft tresdecim perticas, ft valet 
acra iiii d. Summa denariorum iii s. vii d. ob. qua. 

Est vna cultura nuncupata Walewyngacres cum cultura de nouem 
acris ; bis seminatur, ft continet tres acras, dimidiam acram, dimidiam 
rodam ft duas perticas, ft valet acra iiii d* Summa denariorum 
adiii d. ob. | 
foL a^ Est vna cultura nuncupata Hasteleghefurlonge iuxta Clayhurste- 

fiirlonge ; bis seminatur, ft continet in toto quatuordecim acras preter 
vnam perticam ft dimidiam, ft valet acra iii d. Sunoma denariorum 
iii s. vi d. 

Est vna cultura ibidem nuncupata Qaxhurstefurlong ; bis seminatur, 
ft continet preter terram aquosam octo acras, dimidiam acram ft octo 
perticas, ft valet acra iiii d. Summa denariorum ii s. x d. 

Est vna cultura nuncupata le Brech, tendens in viam regiam ; bis 
seminatur, ft continet quatuor acras, dimidiam acram ft vnam rodam, 
ft valet acra iii d. Summa denariorum xiiii d. qua. 

Summa acrarum predictarum, clxi acre, i roda, dim. roda, ft xW 
pertice. 

Summa extente acrarum predictarum kxi s. vii d. qua. dim. qua. 

Prata ft pasture : — 

Est quoddam pratum nuncupatum Langenhurste, ft est separale 
vsque gulam Augusti, ft est in parochia de Stanelake, ft continet de 
prato quatuordecim acras, dimidiam rodam ft septemdecim perticas, 
■ft de pastura quatuordecim acras, dimidiam acram, vnam rodam, 
dimidiam rodam, ft duodecim perticas, ft sic in toto continet viginti 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 5 

nouem acras dimidiam rodam ft nouem perticas; & valet acra prati 
ii s., & acra pasture viii d. Summa denariorum xxxviii s. v d. 

Est quoddam pratum nuncupatum Claxhurste, & continet de prato 
& pastura triginta acras, quinque acras, dimidiam rodam & tresdecim 
perticas. Est ibidem ex parte australi vna pecia prati & pasture, ft 
continet decem acras ft septem perticas ft nuncupatur Twelue acres, 
que annuatim diuiditur in duodecim parcellas per virgam equales/ 
vnde dominus habet vno anno primam, terciam, quintam, septimam, 
nouam ft vndecimam ; heredes le Freman ft Walterus le Reue eodem 
anno habent secundam parcellam, quartam, sextam, octauam, decimam 
ft duodecimam. Alio anno habet dominus parcellas | quas tenentes foL 3'* 
habuerunt, ft tenentes parcellas domini. Et sic annuatim habet 
dominus quinque acras tres perticas ft dimidiam perticam. Et valet 
acra tam prati quam pasture xii d. Smnma denariorum xl s. ii d. 

Est quoddam pratvim nuncupatum Addehurst iuxta Knytenebrugge, 
ft continet quatuor acras, vnam rodam ft dimidiam, ft valet acra xii d. 
Summa denariorum iiii s. iiii d. ob. 

Est vna pecia prati apud Horestone nuncupata Laundewes, ft 
continet in toto duas acras, dimidiam acram, ft vnam rodam ; vnde 
dominus habet in medio dimidiam acram ft vnam rodam, ft valet 
vi d. 

Est vna pastura sub le Shiplond, ft vocatur Shyffordemede, ft 
continet quatuor acras, vnam rodam, ft dimidiam, ft valet acra xii d. 
Summa denariorum iiii s. iiii d. ob. 

Est vna cultura in le Mershe, ft vocatur Cowelesowe, ft continet 
vndedm acras, dimidiam acram, ft dimidiam rodam, ft valet acra iii d. 
Summa denarionun ii s. xi d« 

Est ibidem vna pastura nuncupata Russjiehammes, ft continet 
duas acras ft dimidiam, ft valet acra iii d. Smnma denariorum 
vii d. ob. 

Est vna pastura apud le Breche, ft continet sex acras ft dimidiam 
rodam, ft valet acra iii d. Summa denariorum xviii d. 

Summa acranun pratorum ft pasturarum, Ixxxxix acre, xxv pertice, 
dimidia. Summa denariorum iiii lib. xii soL x d. ob. 

Siunma acrarum pasture.' 

Summa extente earundem.* | 

Homagium dicit per iuramentum suum, quod dominus non deci- fol. 3^ 
mabit terras dominicas suas^ prata, pasturas, nee aliquid aliud quod 

* It may be that hay would be made strips. Probably this arrangement only 

in those years when there was enough applied when the field was meadow, 

water to flood the land. One does not ^ No numbers. 
see how pasture could be divided into 



6 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

sutim est ibidem, exceptis que secuntur, videlicet quod vicarius de 
Bamptona habebit decimam de duabus acris apud Weylond atte 
Wylye propinquioribus terre Walteri le Reue, & de duabus selionibus 
in Smalfiirlonge, & de duabus selionibus in Blechemanfurlonge pro* 
pinquioribus terre Vppe, ft de duabus selionibus in Wellefurlong 
propinquioribus terre lohannis Best, & in fine culture de Cleyfurlonge 
ex opposito tenement! West de septem perticis in latitudine & sex 
in longitudine, quia aliquando edificabatur.^ Habebit etiam idem 
vicarius annuatim de dominicis duas seliones frumenti, non de meliore 
neque peiore, set de medio, & easdem metet & ligabit sumptibus suis 
propriis. Dicit edstm quod dominus tenetur inuenire in uigilia sancti 
Laurencii ad vesperas duos cereos ponderis vnius libre & dimidie: 
didt eciam quod capellanus dicti vicarii hospitabit in manerio nocte 
Natalis Domini, Easche & sancti Laurencii, & noctuatim habebit vnam 
lagenam seruisie, lumen sufficient' [stc\ lectum, dimidium bussellum 
auenarum pro prebenda equi sui. Dicit eciam quod in quolibet festo 
predicto dabit famul[is] manerii pro eorum oblacionibus iiii d : in 
festo Purificacionis vnam magnam candelam, sicut oflfertur, & in die 
Passaues [stc] duas turcas ' panis. Dicit eciam quod dominus tenetur 
pratum suum de Langenhurst custodire, nee potest attachiare male- 
factores in eodem a solis ortu usque ad occasum, aliis temporibus 
bene licet, & est separale a festo Annunciacionis beate Marie vsque 
gulam August!. Dicit eciam quod omnia prata, pasture domini & 
omnes culture non seminate, & ^ deberent seminar!, sunt separalia per 
tempus predictum. Dicit eciam quod dominus & villata de Shyflforde 
intercommunicant cum villatis de Stanlake, Brythamptone, & Herde- 
wyke a gula August! vsque festum sancti Martini ; cum villatis vero 
de Astone, Cote & Eleford* a festo sanct! Michaelis vsque dictum 
festum sanct! Martin! & in pastura de Chymneye.* 

Liber! tenentes : — 

Henricus Peuseye tenet libere pratum de Cattokesham pro vi s. vii! d. 
per annum ad festum sancti Michaelis & ad festum Annunciacionis 
beate Marie. | 
foL 4^ Dominus de Cans tenet dimidiam hidam terre annuatim pro iii s. ad 

terminum Pasche pro omni seruicio, excepta fidelitate fadenda. 

Robertus ^ de Eleforde tenet quamdam acram boscatam apud Cote 
pro vii! d. ad festum sancti Michaelis pro omni seruicio. 

* A vicar took all tithes from gardens, • Means ' si ' or ' quando,' see page 19. 

and from land which had once been * Now Yelford. 

garden. ' The last five words in other ink and 

' In Jer. xxxvii. 20 the Vulgate reads another hand. 

< ut daretur ei torta panis qnotidie ', * Another hand adds above the line 

* daily a piece of bread (Ducange). * modo Walweyn.' 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 7 

lohannes Freman de Shyfford tenet vnam virgatam terre cum 
pertinenciis per cartam reddendo annuatim ad quatuor terminos 
X 8.; debet sectas curiarum, wardam, maritagium & homagium cum 
accident Dabit herietum; dabit cornbote*; si deliquerit, quatuor 
garbas frumenti, duas ordei, & duas auenarum ; et si non deliquerit 
dabit quatuor garbas bladorum predictonim & valent i d. ob. : idem 
lohannes faciet sectam pro domino & viUata de Shyfforde ad comi- 
tatum Oxonie ft ad hundredum de Bamptone, & pro huiusmodi secta 
dominum conseruet indempnem, quia hac de causa habet tenementum 
suum. 

Tenentes in bondagium : — 

lohannes Mareys tenet de domino vnum mesuagium iuxta capellam 
sancti Laurencii ex parte orientali & vnam virgatam terre quadraginta 
acrarum campestrium cum pertinenciis in bondagium, qui dedit pro 
ingressu eiusdem c s. : hie operabitur a festo sancti Michaelis vsque 
festum sancte Fidis communiter per quinque dies, diebus dominica & 
Sabato allocatis, quod sibi iniungitur, eciam cum caretta sua pro fimis' 
extrahendis si summoneatur, & valet opus diei i d. ; summa v d. : 
idem arabit ad semen yhemale vnam acram terre, & eamdem de 
semine domini seminabit, & valet arura vi d.; & eamdem acram 
herciabit, & valet i d. : idem ad festum sancti Martini dabit pro 
Chircheot i bussellum frumenti, & valet viii d. : ad idem festum dabit 
auxilium ad voluntatem domini, communiter tamen vi s. viii d. : ad 
idem festum dabit pannagium pro porco annato i d., pro porco dimidii 
anni ob., pro porcello ablactato qua[drantem] ; et habebit vnam suem 
quietam. Idem dabit de redditu ad festum sancti Thome apostoli xvd.; 
idem operabitur a dicto festo sancti Thome vsque in festum Natalis 
domini, & valet ii d. ; idem dabit ad festum Natalis domini duos 
capones, & valent viii d. ; idem arabit cum quanto habuerit in caruca 
sua ad semen quadragesimale, & vocatur Graseherthe, & valet iii d. ; 
idem herciabit ad idem semen per vnum diem, & valet i d. : idem 
dabit I de redditu ad festum Annunciacionis beate Marie xv d. & ad fol. 4^ 
festum sancti lohannis Baptiste xv d. ; a dicto festo sancti lohannis 
vsque festmn sancti Michaelis singulis diebus, diebus dominicis & 
Sabatis exceptis, operabitur quod sibi iniungitur, de quibus per tres 
dies falcabit & amplius si oporteat & valet falcacio vnius diei iiii d. ; 
summa xii d.; per duos dies fenum cariabit cum vicino quatuor 
carectatas in diem ; valet opus diei ii d. ; summa iiii d. Et sic restant 
communibus annis a dicto festo sancti lohannis vsque gulam Augusti, 

* This word is not to be fonnd in money or in grain for each horned 
Ducange. Perhaps it is the same as animal. 
*comagium', a payment either in ''dung'. 



8 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

allocatis dominicis diebus, Sabatis & Testis, xviii dies, & valet opus 
diei ii d. : summa iii s. A gula Augusti vsque festiun Natiuitatis 
sancte Marie, in quibus habet blada domini metere & ligare (com- 
munibus annis per xxviii dies),* allocatis dominicis diebus, Sabatis & 
festis, restant xxiii dies, & valet opus diei iii d. : summa v s. ix d. : 
idem faciet tres bederipas cum vno homine preter operarium suum 
sine cibo domini, & valet opus diei iii d. : summa ix d. : idem faciet 
quartam bederipam cum tota familia sua excepta vxore ad cibum 
domini, si dominus voluerit, & valet opus i d.: idem superuidebit 
operarios suos proprios dictis diebus de bederipis vt bene faciant, vel 
dabit vnam aucam, & valet iiii d. : ad gulam Augusti loco cuiusdam 
exhennii piscis appreciati per eundem dabit domino ix d. : a festo 
Natiuitatis beate Marie vsque festum sancti Michaelis, diebus dominicis, 
Sabatis & festis exceptis, restant xii dies in quibus operabitur quod 
ei iniungitur, & valet opus diei ii d. ; summa ii s. : idem si braciet ad 
tabernam, dabit vnam lagenam seruicie melioris vel vnum denarium : 
si tenementum suum reddat in manus domini vel moriatur, dabit 
herietum ; hoc idem faciet relicta eiusdem. Idem habet recognoscere 
dominum in creacione cuiuslibet abbatis : dabit denarium sancti Petri: 
idem dabit comebote sicut lohannes Freman, & valet i d. ob. : non 
maritabit filiam nee filium nee vendet puUum vel bouem masculum de 
nutritura sua sine licencia domini 

Summa redditus iii s. ix d Item ix d. dicti virgatarii. 

Summa aucarum & caponum xii d. eiusdem. 

Summa arurarum & herci^u*um xi d. eiusdem. 

Summa falcacionum xii d. eiusdem. 

Summa bederiparum x d. eiusdem, 

Summa alionim operum cum cornbote & denario sancti Petri xi s. 
xi d. ob. eiusdem. 

Summa frumenti eiusdem de Chircheot viii d. 

Summa summarum dicti virgatarii xx s. ix d. ob. preter 
auxilium, tolnetum ceruide & pannagium. | 

fol. 5*. Robertus Comys tenet vnum cotagium cum crofto & vna acra terre 

ad voluntatem domini pro redditu ii s. vii d. per annum & faciet quinque 
bederipas in autumpno cunx vno homine sine cibo domini, & valet opus 
XV d., dabit herietum &c, 

lohannes lukkes virgatarius tenet virgatam terre ; reddet & faciet 
in omnibus sicut predictus lohannes Mareys; idem tenet vnam 
selionem terre apud Blakelonde non mensuratam pro duobus capo- 
nibus ad Natale domini. 

^ The words in brackets are inserted in the margin. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 9 

Est ibidem vnum cotagium iam in manus domini, quod reddere 
consueuit per annum xii d., leuar[e] fenum per tres dies, & valet iii d. ; 
tres bederipas & valet opus ix d., & ad festum sancti Martini vnum 
gallum & quatuor gallinas, & valet x d. 

Tenementiun Vppe uirgatarii reddet & faciet in omnibus sicut 
predictus Johannes Mareys. 

Walterus le Reue virgatarius reddet & faciet in omnibus sicut 
predictus lohannes Mareys. 

Willelmus le Fyssher tenet per rotulum curie vnum tenementum 
cum crofto ad finem ville cum dimidia virgata terre & eius perdnenciis 
ad piscariam domini pro xx s. per annum, & debet sectam curiarum, 
dabit herietum, pannagium & denarium sancti Petri & fecit finem cum 
domino pro ingressu. 

lohannes Est uirgatarius reddet & faciet in omnibus sicut predictus 
lohannes Mareys. 

Henricus Culbayn virgatarius reddet & faciet in omnibus sicut 
predictus lohannes Mareys. 

Robertus Clement tenet vnum cotagium & quinque acras terre 
campestres cum quadam piscaria in Thamisia & medietatem prati 
de Werham pro vi s. per annum, faciet sectam curiarum, dabit 
herietum, fecit finem pro ingressu ; idem tenet de dominicis superius 
mensuratis, dum domino placet, vnam selionem apud Weylond atte 
Wylye, vnam selionem apud Blechemanfurlong, tres seliones in 
WeUefurlong, & vnam selionem apud Droueacres pro ii &• per 
annum. | 

Walterus Robyns tenet vnum mesuagium cum dimidia virgata fol. 5^. 
terre, qui facere consueuit pro medietate in omnibus & singulis sicut 
lohannes Mareys: iam ponitur ad firmam dum domino placet ad 
vi s. viii d. per annum: faciet sectam curiarum, dabit herietum, 
denarium sancti Petri, & fecit finem pro ingressu, dabit vnum bussel- 
lum frumenti pro Chircheot, ii capones, iiii d. ob. pro Fysshesyluer, 
arabit dimidiam acram & eam herciet [sic]^ faciet vnam bederipam 
cum dimidia [sic] cum vno homine. 

lohannes Rolues tenet vnum mesuagium & dunidiam virgatam terre, 
que reddet & faciet in omnibus pro medietate, sicut lohannes Mareys, 
hoc addito quod dabit duos capones, sicut dictus lohannes Mareys, 
vnum busellum frumenti pro Chircheot, arabit & herciabit vt predictus 
Walterus, & iiii d. ob. pro Fysshesyluer. 

Ricardus Comys tenet vnum cotagium cum duabus acris terre 
campestribus pro ii s. per annum & duabus bederipis appreciatis ad 
vi d., & faciet sectam curiarum & dabit herietum & faciet .vt ceteri 
tenentes. Idem Ricardus tenet aliud cotagium & vnam acram terre 



lo CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

campestrem cum vna parua piscaria per rotulum curie pro ii s. per 
annum & duabus bederipis appreciatis ad vi d, ft faciet vt supnu 

Johannes Passour tenet vnum cotagium cum crofto & passagio per 
rotulum curie pro v s. per annum, & faciet vt supra. 

Henricus Coby tenet vnum cotagium & quatuor acras terre 
campestres per rotulum curie pro v s. & decem bederipis appre- 
ciatis ad ii s. vi d, & faciet & reddet de curiis & herietis sicut 
ft aliL 

Ricardus West tenet vnum cotagium (quondam vocatum Osegod*) 
& duas acras terre campestres (& vnam acram prati*) per rotulum 
curie pro iii s. per annum, & tribus bederipis appreciatis ad ix d., cum 
vno gallo ft duabus gallinis ad festum sancti Martini appreciatis ad 
vi d. : idem Ricardus tenet vnum mesuagium & dimidiam virgatam 
terre in bondagium, qui reddet & faciet in omnibus pro medietate sicut 
predictus lohannes Rolues, hoc addito quod dabit duos capones sicut 
dictus lohannes Rolues. | 
foL 6'. Willehnus Fyssher tenet vnum cotagium ft quartam partem vnius 
virgate terre, qui facere consueuit pro rata porcione sicut virgatarius ; 
modo ponitur ad firmam dum domino placet ad vi s. viii d. ; faciet 
sectam curiarum, dabit herietum, denarium sancti Petri &c. 

Robertus Comys tenet cotagium Lynkynhold' cum tribus acris 
terre & dimidia acra prati pro iiii s. per annum ft tribus bederipis 
appreciatis ad ix d. & ii caponibus ad viii d., & faciet ft dabit vt 
superius. 

lohannes Hache tenet vnum cotagium cum quarta parte vnius 
virgate terre pro v s. per annum, ft faciet quatuor bederipas cum 
vno homine appreciatas ad xii d., ft duo opera pratorum appreciata 
ad ii d. 

Nicholaus Lord tenet vnum cotagium ft quartam partem vnius 
virgate terre pro vi s. viii d. per annum pro omnibus, excepta 
secta curiarum, heriet[o], denar[io] sancti Petri, ft faciet finem pro 
ingressu. 

Omnes tenentes de ShyfForde dant domino annuatim vi d. de 
redditu ad festimi sancti Thome apostoli de piscando in Hammeslake 
& Estelake. 

Tenentes omnes dicti manerii tempore falcacionis solebant cotidie 
quilibet eorum habere vnum panem, pro quo pane nunc habent 
quatuor busellos frumenti & pro eorum multone ix d. ft vnum 
casium [sic] vel ii d. 

Si quis eorum fuerit prepositus manerii, liber erit ft quietus de 

^ The woids in brackets are inserted above the line in another hand. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM ii 

omnibus seruiciis & consuetudinibus, quas facit lohannes Mareys 
predictus, auxiliis, pannagio & denario sancti Petri exceptis. 

Astone. 

lohannes Steuenes tenet de domino per rotulum curie vnam 
virgatam terre cum dimidia, & fecit finem cum domino pro decem 
marcis, reddendo annuatim xi s.; idem herciabit per unum diem ad semen 
yhemale & valet i d. & per vnum diem ad semen quadragesimale Sc 
valet i d. ; idem arabit per vnum diem cum caruca sua propria & valet 
vi d ; idem sarculabit per vnum diem & valet i d. ; idem falcabit per 
tres dies & | valet xii d. ; idem leuabit fenum per tres dies & valet foL 6^. 
iii d. ; idem faciet cariagium per tres dies & valet vi d. ; idem faciet 
tres bederipas cum quatuor hominibus & valent iii s.; idem dabit vnum 
gallum & duas gallinas ad festum sancti Martini & duos capones ad 
Natale Domini; idem dabit ix d. pro Fysshesyluer ad gulam Augusti; 
dabit tolnetum seruisie & pannagium porcorum ; idem dabit auxilium 
domino sicut duo virgatarii ; faciet sectam curiarum & dabit herietum 
&c., non maritabit &c. 

Robertus Touy tenet de domino vnam virgatam terre in bondagium 
pro quinque solidis per annum; idem herciabit semel ad semen 
yhemale & semel ad semen quadragesimale, & valet ii d. ; idem semel 
arabit cum vicino adluncto^ & valet iii d. ; idem semel sarculabit & 
valet i d. ; idem falcabit per tres dies & valet xii d. ; idem ter fenum 
leuabit & valet iii d. ; idem ter faciet cariagium feni & bladorum & 
valet vi d. ; idem faciet tres bederipas cum duobus hominibus & valent 
xviii d. ; idem dabit duos capones, auxilium & tolnetum ceruisie, non 
maritabit filium nee filiam &c., nee vendet &c., faciet sectam curiarum 
& dabit herietum & faciet finem pro ingressu, conmiuniter iiii lib. 

lohannes Walter virgatarius reddere & facere consueuit in omnibus 
sicut predictus Robertus : nunc uero pro redditu, seruiciis & operibus 
predictis reddit annuatim xii s. ; faciet tamen sectam curiarum, dabit 
herietum, faciet finem pro ingressu, non maritabit &c.y non vendet &c., 
sicut predictus Robertus. 

lohannes CoUes virgatarius reddet & faciet in omnibus sicut 
predictus Robertus Touy, hoc excepto quod non faciet cariagium, 
recipiet fenum per duos dies, & bladum per vnimi diem cariabit, & 
tunc habebit garbam communem ; dabit duos capones, auxilium &c. 
sicut Robertus Touy. 

lohannes Palmer tenet dimidiam virgatam terre pro xxi d. ; idem 
dabit vnum bussellum frumenti pro Chircheot, vnum gallum & duas 
gallinas : in omnibus aliis reddet & faciet pro medietate, sicut predictus 
Robertus Touy. | 



12 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Welde. 

fol. 7'. lohannes atte Hache tenet duo mesuagia & duas virgatas terre 

reddendo ut patebit; non operabitur; faciet sectam curianim, dabit 
ii herieta ; non maritabit filium &c., non vendet bouem &c 

Idem Robertus tenet vnum mesuagium cum dimidia virgata terre 
reddendo & faciendo vt supra. 

lohannes atte Bury tenet vnum mesuagium cum vna virgata terre ; 
reddet & faciet, sicut predictus lohannes atte Hache faciet pro vna 
virgata terre. 

Robertus Aleyn tenet vnum mesuagium cum dimidia virgata terre ; 
reddet & faciet in onmibus, sicut predictus lohannes atte Hache faciet 
pro vna virgata terre. 

Henricus Bastone tenet vnum mesuagium cum tribus partibus vnius 
virgate terre pro redditu vt supra, Sc alia faciet sicut predictus lohannes 
Attehache. 

lohannes Derby tenet vnum mesuagium cum tribus partibus vnius 
virgate terre pro redditu vt supra, ft alia faciet sicut lohannes atte 
Hache. 

lohannes Louelle tenet vnum mesuagium cum tribus partibus vnius 
virgate terre pro redditu vt supra, & alia faciet sicut predictus lohannes 
atte Hache. 

Cote. 

lohannes Aluyon tenet vnum mesuagium cum tribus partibus vnius 
virgate terre pro redditu vt supra ; non operabitur ; de aliis faciet sicut 
lohannes atte Hache predictus. 

lohannes Golde tenet tria mesuagia cum tribus partibus trium 
virgatarum terre, faciendo pro qualibet sicut predictus lohannes 
Aluyon. 

Robertus Touy tenet vnum cotagium pro redditu quo supra & pro 
duobus caponibus | 

Rent-roll of Blanor. 

fol. 7^. Rentale de Shyfford ad terminos sancti Thome, Annunciadonia 

beate Marie, sancti lohannis Bapdste & sancti Michaelis. 

lohannes Mareys ad terminos sancti Thome, Aimun- 
ciacionis & sancti lohannis iii s. ix d. 

Robertus Comys ad dictos quatuor terminos ii s. vii d. 

lohannes lucke ad tres terminos priores, scilicet sancti 
Thome &c. iii s. ix i 

Cotagium MuUewarde ad quatuor terminos prefatos xii d. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 



13 



Thomas Vppe ad tres primos tenninos 

Walterus le Reue ad dictos tres terminos 

Willelmus le Fyssher ad quatuor tenninos predictos 

lohannes Est ad tres tenninos sancti Thome &c. 

Henricus Culbayn ad dictos tres terminos 

lohannes Freman ad quatuor terminos predictos 

Robertus Clement 

De eodem pro dominicis 

Walterus Robyns 

lohannes Rolf ad tres terminos primos, sancti Thome &c, 

Ricardus Cornys ad prescriptos quatuor terminos 

De eodem pro alio cotagio 

lohannes Passour 

Henricus Coby 

Ricardus West 

De eodem ad tres primos terminos, sancti Thome &c 

Willelmus Fyssher ad quatuor terminos predictos 

Robertus Comys 

lohannes Hache 

Nicholaus Lorde 

Omnes tenentes pro piscando 

Summa de termino sancti Thome xxxi s. i 

Summa de termino Annunciacionis xxx s. vii 

Summa de termino sancti lohannis xxx s. vii 

Summa de termino sancti Michaelis xxxi s. x 

Summa tocius cxiiii s. iiii d. | 



iii s. ix d. 

iii s. ix d. 

XX s. 

iii s. ix d. 

iii s. ix d. 

X s. 

vi s. 

11 s. 

vi s. viii d. 

xxii d. ob. 

ii s. 

ii s. 

V s. 

V s. 
iii s. 

xxii d. ob. 
vi s. viii d. 

iiii s. 

vs. 

vi s. viii d. 

vi d. 
d. ob. qua. 
d. ob. qua. 
d. ob. qua. 
d. ob. qua. 



Redditus ad terminos sancti Martini, Natalis Domini & Gule fol. 8^ 
Augusti. 
lohannes Mareys 1 bussellum frument!, ii capones, ix d. 

lohannes lukke i „ „ iii ,, ix d. 

Cotagium Mulleward i gallum & iii gallinas 
Thomas Vppe i bussellum frumenti, ii capones, ix d. 

Walterus le Reue 
lohannes Est 
Henricus Culbayn 
Walterus Robyns 
lohannes Rolfe 
Ricardus West 

Robertus pro tenemento Lynkynholte 
lohannes Steuenes i gallum & ii gallinas, ii capones, ix d. 
Robertus Touy ii capones. 



9J 


ii 


99 


ix d. 


if 


ii 


l» ' 


ix d. 


9> 


ii 


f> 


ix d. 


» 


ii 


W 


iiii d. ob. 


9> 


ii 


99 


iiii d. ob. 


9i 


ii 


99 


iiii d. ob. 


ii capones. 







14 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

De eodem pro Cote ii capones. 

lohannes CoUes ii capones. 

lohannes Palmer i bussellum frumenti, i gallum & ii gallinas. 

Summa frumenti i quarterium, ii bussellos, & valet vi s. viii d, 
precium busselli viii d. 

Summa gallormn & gallinarmn xi & valent xxii d. 

Summa caponum xxx & valent x s. ; precium capitis iiii d. 

Summa denariorum de Fysshesyluer vi s. iiii d. ob. 

Rentale de Astone ad terminos sancti Thome, Annunciacionis beate 
Marie, sancti lohannis Baptiste & sancti Michaelis per equales porciones : 
lohannes Steuenes xi s. 

Robertus Touy v s. 

lohannes Walker xii s. 

lohannes CoUes v s. 

lohannes Palmer xxi d. 

Summa de termino sancti Thome viii s. viii d. qua. 

Summa de termino Annunciacionis viii s. viii d. qua. 

Summa de termino sancti lohannis viii s. viii d. qua. 

Summa de termino sancti Michaelis viii s. viii d. qua. 

Summa tocius redditus xxxiiii s. ix d. 

fol. 8'. Rentale de Welde ad terminos sancti Thome, Annunciacionis beate 

Marie, sancti lohannis Baptiste & sancti Michaelis per porciones equales: 

lohannes atte Hache xv s. 

De eodem xv s. 

De eodem vii s. vi d. 

lohannes atte Bury xv s. 

Robertus Aleyn xv s. 

Henricus Bastone xi s. iiii d. 

lohannes de Derby xi s. ii d. 

lohannes Loueli xi s. iii d. 
Summa d s. iii d. 

Summa de termino sancti Thome xxv s. iii d. ob. qua. 

Summa de termino Annunciacionis xxv s. iii d. ob. qua. 

Summa de termino sancti lohannis xxv s. iii d. ob. qua. 

Summa de termino sancti Michaelis xxv s. iii d. ob. qua. 

Rentale de Cote ad terminos sancti Thome, Annunciacionis beate 
Marie, sancti lohannis Baptiste & sancti Michaelis per equales 
porciones : 

lohannes Aluyon viii s. 

lohannes Golde vii s. vi d. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 15 

De eodem vii s. vi d. 

De eodem vii s. vi d. 

Robertus Touy viii d. 

Summa de termino sancti Thome vii s. ix d. ob. 

„ „ „ Annmiciacionis vii s. ix d. ob. 

^ „ ,t sancti lohannis vii s. ix d. ob. 

„ „ „ sancti Michaelis vii s. ix d. ob. 

Smnma todus xxxi s. ii d. 

Redditus forinsecus : 

Henr[icus] Peseye ad terminos Annunciacionis & sancti 
Michaelis vi s. viii d. 

Curia de Caus ad terminmn Pasche iii s. 

Robertus Eleforde ad festum sancti Michaelis viii d. 

Summa x s. iii d. 

Sunmia tocius redditus assisi dicti manerii & membrorum cum 
Fysshesyluer xiiii li. xviii s. ii d. ob. 

Inde resoluuntur curie de Caus xxxi s. x d. & curie de Puggeys per 
lohannem Steuenes xiii d., & sic restant de claro xiii li. v s. iii d. ob. 
Summa tocius redditus xiii li. v 3. iii d. ob. 



603. 
Wodeton.* foi. 9'. 

Ad capud dicte culture est vnum capitale & tres seliones tendentes 1366. 
in viam regiam, & abuttant super decem seliones domini ibidem ex 
parte oriental! iuxta acram rectoris, & continet \sic\ tres rodas 
quatuordecim perticas & tres partes pertice ; bis seminatur simul ; & 
valet acra vt iurati dicunt ii d. 

Summa terre, iii rode, xiiii pertice & iii partes pertice. 
Summa extente, i d. ob. dimid. quadrant. 

In capite dicti capitalis & trium selionum sunt x seliones apud 
Doddele, vnde quinque curciores & quinque longiores ; bis seminatur 
& valet acra ut iurati dicunt iii d. ; & continent quinque curciores vnam 
rodam, dimidiam rodam & xiiii perticas : quinque longiores continent 
duas acras, dimidiam rodam, vii perticas & dimidiam perticam. 

' Another hand adds * computus something is lost here, and the words 

superior: summa extente vii s. viii a. ob.' used below (p. 18) prove that it dealt 

This must refer to a page or gathering with the garden and the dovehouse 

which should come between folios 8 among other possessions, 
and 9. The opening words show that 



i6 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Summa acranim, ii acre, dim. acra, dim, roda^ L pertica, dim. 

pertica. 
Smnma extente, vii d. ob. qua. dim. qua. 
Ibidem est vna cultura tendens in viam regiam ex parte orientali 
ab acra rectoris vsque Hemland ; bis seminatur ; & continet septem 
acras, vnam rodam, dimidiam rodam & septemdecim perticas, & valet 
acra ut dicunt iurati iii d. 

Simima acrarum, vii acre, i roda, dim. roda, xviii pertice. 
Summa extente, xzii d. ob. 
Est vna cultura ibidem iuxta Hemlande ex parte superiori dicta 
culture & nuncupatur Hennele ^ & alterius [sic] annus [sic\ seminatur 
& valet acra vt iurati dicunt ii [d.*] ; & continet vii acras, iii perticas & 
dimidiam perticam. 

Sirnima acrarum • . . [sic\ 
Summa extente . . . [sic] 
Est vna cultura ibidem ex parte superiori, cuius latus iacet in longum 
iuxta hayam comitis, & durat usque croicefurlonge, & nuncupamr 
Blakeland, & valet acra ut dicunt iurati iii d., & continet in toto xix 
acras, iii rodas, dim. rodam, & ix perticas. 

Summa acrarum, xix acre, iii rode, dim. roda, & ix pertice. 
Siunma extente, iiii s. xi d. ob. qua. 
Est vna cultura nuncupata Fleyngland tendens in hayam comitis in 
angulo ibidem, & continet duas acras, dimidiam acram, dimidiam rodam, 
X perticas, & iii partes pertice ; alterius annus seminatur, & valet acra 
ii d. ut dicunt iurati. 

Summa acrarum, ii acre, dim. acra, dim. roda, x pertice, & iii 

partes pertice. 
Summa extente, v d. qua., dim. qua. | 
fol. 9^ Est vna cultura ibidem nuncupata Nettlebed sub Catesbrayn, & 
continet iiii acras, dimidiam acram, & viii perticas; alterius annus 
seminatur; &. valet acra ut dicunt iurati ii d. 

Simima acrarum, iiii ac, dim. ac, v^ii pertice. 
Summa extente, ix d. 
Est vna cultura ibidem sub muro bosci de Yslepe, & vocatur Cates- 
brayn, & continet in toto cum angulis vii acras, i rodam, dimidiam 
rodam preter i perticam; alterius annus seminatur; & valet acra vt 
iurati dicunt ii d. 

Summa acrarum, vii acr., i roda, dim. roda preter i perticam. 
Summa extente, xiiii d. ob. qua. 
Est vna cultura iuxta quareriam & vocatur Culuercrofte ; bis semi- 

* Or Hemiele, or Hetmele. " Omitted by the scribe. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 17 

natur, k continet vnam acram, dimidiam acram, zvii perticas, dimidiam 
perticam, & valet acra ii d. 

Summa acrarum, i ac, dim. ac, xvii pertice, & dim. pertica. 

Summa extente, iii d. 

Summa omnium acrarum campi superioris, Ixxvii acre, una roda, 
dimidia roda, quinque pertice, & tres partes pertice. 

Summa extente acrarum campi superioris, xix s. ii d. ob. dim. qua. 

Summa omnium acrarum tam campi inferioris quam superioris 
cxxxiiii acre, vna roda, xvi pertice, & dimidia pertica. 

Summa extente omnium acrarum tam campi inferioris quam 
superioris, xliiii s. xi d. quadrans, quarta pars quadrantis. | 

Prata dominica dicti manerii : fol. io». 

Est vnimi pratum drcumclusum cum aqua, nuncupatum Aluesmore, 
& est separale per totimi annum ; bis falcatur. Moniales de L3^el- 
more in dicto prato habent vnam acram per assignacionem custodis 
manerii de dono Walkelini Harang; in parte vero australi dicte 
acre monialium sunt iiii acre, v pertice; in parte vero boreali dicte 
acre monialium sunt vii acre & i roda ; & valet acra iii s. 
Summa acrarum, xi acre, i roda, 6c v pertice. 
Summa extente, xxiii s. x d. dim. qua. 
Pratum nuncupatum Akerman Mede ex parte boriali de Storkesnest 
est separale usque festtmi sancti Michaelis; bis falcatur; & continet 
duas acras & xvi perticas ; &. valet acra ii s. vi d. 
Summa acranmi, ii acre, xvi pertice. 
Summa extente, v s. ii d. ob. 
Pratum nuncupatum le Hurst semel falcatur, & est separale vsque 
festum sancti Michaelis ; & continet ii acras, i rodam, dimidiam rodam 
& viii perticas ; & valet acra xviii d. 

Summa acrarum, ii acre, i roda, dimidia roda, viii pertice. 
Summa extente, iii s. vii d. 
Pratum de Smalmede, sine Mokedone, bis falcatur, & est separale 
vsque festum sancti Michaelis ; & continet xii acras, dim. rodam, & 
valet [acra ii s. 

Summa acrarum, xii ac, dim. roda. 
Summa extente, xxiiii s. iii d. 
Pratum de Wolgesham est separale, ut supra; bis falcatur; & 
continet dimidiam acram, ii perticas; & valet acra ii s. vi d. 
Summa acrarum, dimidia acra, ii pertice. 
Summa extente, xv d. 
Pratum de Noreham est separale, ut supra ; bis falcatur ; & continet 
V acras & dimidiam rodam ; & valet acra ii s. vi d. 
n. c 



i8 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Summa acranim, v acre, dimidia roda. 

Summa extente, vii s. ix d. ob. qua. 
Summa acrarum omnium pratorum, xxxiiii acre, dim. acra, xi 
pcrtice. 

Summa extente pratorum, Ixxv s. xi d. dim. qua. | 

fol. lo^ Pasture : 

Est vna pastura, & vocatur Caluecroft, & clauditur, & continet iiii 
acras, xxiiii perticas, dimidiam perticam ; & valet acra ii d. 
Summa acrarum, iiii acre, xxiiii pertice, dim. pertica. 
Summa extente .... [stc\ 
Est vna pastura ibidem iacens sub Hikeneheg, & vocatur Longe- 
breche, & continet vii acras, preter iiii perticas ; & valet acra ii d. 
Summa acrarum, vii acre, preter iiii perticas. 
Summa extente, xiiii d. 
Est vna pastura nuncupata Muchelhay sub cultura de Longefurlong, 
& continet vi acras, iii rodas, vii perticas, dim. perticam cum angulo 
ibidem ; & valet acra ii d. 

Summa acrarum, vi acre, iii rode, vii pertice, dim. pertica. 
Summa extente, xiii d. ob. qua. 
Est vna pastura nuncupata Lutlehay, & continet ii acras, iii rodas, 
xvii perticas, dim. perticam, & valet acra ii d. 

Summa acrarum, ii acre, iii rode, xvii pertice, dim. pertica. 
Summa extente, v d. ob. qua. 
Summa acrarum omnium pasturanun, xx acre, iii rode, v pertice, 
dim. pertica. 

Summa extente dictarum pasturarum, iii s. vi d. qua. 

Et sunt dicte pasture separales quousque blada circumcrescencia 
asportentur. 

Summa extente gardini, columbaris, terrarum, pratorum & pastura- 
rum predictarum, vi Ii. ix s. viii d. ob. qua., dim. qua. & quarta pars 
quadrantis. 

Est ibidem vnus boscus & continet Ixxxxvi acras, dimidiam acram ; 
cuius valor non appreciatur, pro eo quod ministri regis non permit- 
tunt includi, si fiat copicium ^ ; sufficiens tamen est pro housebote & 
heybote. Est vna placea ibidem, nuncupata Hangur, non mensurata, 
quia modici valoris. 

Moniales vt premittitur habent annuatim vnam acram prati in 

* Dncange gives only the fonn years (see below, no. 604); and if 

copecia, a coppice. Perhaps ' copi- cattle are not fenced out for the next 

cium * might mean ' catting of copse- year or two the yoong growth will be 

wood'. The custom was, and is, to spoilt, 
cut the nnderwood about every seven 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 19 

Aluesmore & ii seliones frumenti de dominicis, loco vnius acre in 
cultura non (?)fimat[a] : que quidem babuerunt de dono Walkelini 
Harang antequam conttdit manerium de Wodetone monasterio de 
Egnesham. | 

Uillenag[ium] : fol. ii'', 

Waltenis Dolle uirgatarius tenet mesuagium, xviii acras terre arabilis, 
& duas acras prati pro virgata. Idem soluere solebat, si fuit ad firmam, 

V s. de redditUy facere vnam aruram ad cibum domini, dare vnam 
gallinam, dare oua contra Pascha, dare pannagium, herciare per vnum 
diem, & si fuerit ad dey wynam ^ berciabit iii rodas, sarculare per i diem 
cum vno bomine, cariare fenum per i diem, facere iii bederipas cum iii 
bominibus in autumpno sine cibo domini & quartam cum totidem ad 
cibum domini. Quando vero non fuit ad firmam operabatur a festo 
sancti Micbaelis vsque festum sancti Martini qualibet ebdomada per 

V dies : et a festo sancti Martini vsque festum sancti lobannis Baptiste 
quatibet ebdomada per iiii dies, & facere aueragium per dies dominicos, 
si necesse fuisset, usque Egnesham. Dedit etiam pannagium; dedit 
auxilium : dedit tolnetum & ' braciauit ad tabemam : non vendidit 
bouem, neque pullum masculum sibi pullenat[um], neque filiam 
maritauit sine licencia domini. Quando operabatur, triturauit de 
frumento vnam dejrwynam vnam mensuram, vnde quatuor faciunt 
vii bussellos, de ordeo duas mensuras, de auenis iii mensuras, de fabis 
& pisis vnam mensuram; quando fecit fossatum, vnam perticam 
profunditatis ii boscarum ' ; quando fecit haias, duas perticas. Item si 
fuerit ad firmam sine operacionem, colliget nuces in bosco domini per 
i diem, & duxit ii summas bosci ad curiam contra Natale domini vel 
quatuor fasciculos bosci. Tempore mortalitatis hominum sine pesti- 
lencie, que fuit anno domini m ccc xlix, vix remanserunt duo tenentes 
in dicto manerio, qui recedere voluissent, nisi frater Nicholaus de 
Vptone, time abbas dicti manerii, cum eisdem & aliis superuenientibus 
tenentibus de nouo composuisset ; qui conuenit cum eisdem forma 
qua [sic] sequitur ; videlicet quod idem Walterus & alii tenentes dicte 
ville ipsius condicionis finem facerent cum domino pro ingressu habendo 
in huiusmodi tenemento ad vtilitatem domini; facerentque sectanni 
omnium curiarum ; darent herietum melius animal ; non maritarent 
filiam, non venderent bouem neque pullum sibi pullenatum, sine 

^ There is no such word in Dncange ; England, pp. 288, 295, meaning per- 
bnt no donbt it means ' a day's work '. haps ' a day s work *. 
If the man did not work by time, but * For * & ' we should expect * si ' or 
by doing what was reckoned as the ' qnando *, see p. 6. The * tolnetum* is 
amount of a day's work, then he must no doubt the * tolnetum cervisie ' men- 
harrow three roods. A word^ ' daina ' tioned in other inquisitions, 
occurs in VinogradofTs Villainage in ' Ducange gives no such word. 

C 2 



20 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

licencia domini ; iidem facerent iii precarias siue aruras ad dudr semina 
cum quanto habuerit [sic] in canica' sua ad cibum domini & quod 
idem faciet[j2'r] iii bederipas cum ii hominibus sine cibo domini & 
quartam bederipam cum totidem ad cibum domini ; et quod falcabit 
per xii dies prata domini siue bladum sine cibo domini ; & reddet 
annuatim de redditu xiii s. iiii d., dum placet domino, & vtinam 
domino placeat in perpetuum, quia predicta seruicia non tantum | 
fol. 11^. valebant : faciant tamen domini qui pro tempore fuerint, prout eis 
commodius visum fuerit 

Matildis Broune tenet de domino vnum cotagium cum curtilagio 
ad voluntatem domini ; faciet finem cum domino pro ingressu, non 
maritabit &c. ; leuabit omnia fena domini cum suis vicinis & familia 
domini ad primam vesturam; non tamen vertet fenum; & habebit 
vnum rastatum^ feni; & faciet iiii bederipas cum i homine, vt supra; 
dabit herietum, & dat de redditu ii s. & dabit chirschot i gallum & iii 
gallinas. 

Willelmus Mile uirgatarius tenet i virgatam &c. ; faciet in omnibus 
sicut piedictus Walterus & dat de redditu xiii s. iiii d. Item, reddit 
annuatim pro quadam terra annuatim [sic] iiii d. 

lohannes Botte uirgatarius tenet &c., & faciet sicut predictus 
Walterus, & dat de redditu xiii s, iiii d, 

Petrus Say tenet i cotagium cum curtilagio, & faciet seruicia que 
dicta Matildis facit, & dat de redditu xii d., & faciet quatuor bederipas 
cum vno homine ut supra. 

Henricus Schayle tenet vnum cotagium cum curtilagio, & faciet sicut 
predictus Petrus, & dat de redditu xii d. 

Tenementum Chichely, quod quondam fuit semiuirgatarii, in manus 
domini. Terra vero eiusdem & pratum adiunguntur tenemento Bolle « 
& sic efficiebatur virgatarius, nam ante fuit semivirgatarius. 

Matildis Manggen tenet i cotagium cum curtilagio, & faciet sicut 
predictus Petrus, & dat de redditu xii d., & faciet sicut dicta Matildis 
Broune. 

Ricardus lames virgatarius tenet &c. per seruicia dicti Walteri, 
facietque in omnibus sicut idem Walterus, & dat de redditu xiii s. iiii d. 

lohannes Leueret virgatarius tenet &c., & faciet sicut predictus 
Walterus, & dat de redditu xiii s. iiii d. 

Idem dat domino pro certis terris annuatim de certo redditu ii s. 

Thomas Rodeplonte virgatarius tenet Ac, & faciet in omnibus sicut 
predictus Walterus, & dat de redditu xiii s. iiii d. 

* rastellam «= * a ha3rfork.* Ducange. written * Dolle ' ; see below in the 
' Perhaps the scribe should have rental. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 21 

Thomas le Reu6 virgatarius tenet &c.; faciet sicut idem Waltenis, & 
dat de redditu xiii s. iiii d. 

Cotagium quondam Wasi in manu domini ; ideo nichil reddit 
Walterus Nichol tenet i mesuagium cum quatuor acris terre campe- 
stribus & dimidiam acram prati, faciet sicut predicta Matildis Broune & 
dat de redditu iii s. iiii d. | 

Willelmus in le Hume semiuirgatarius tenet dimidiam virgatam foL la'. 
terre, & faciet pro medietate sicut dictus Walterus, & dat de redditu 
vi 8. viii d. 

lohannes Osyat tenet mesuagium ad fontem ville cum vna virgata 
terre per rotulum curie, non operatur, faciet tamen sicut predictus 
Walterus, hoc excepto quod dat de redditu xvi s. in present!: 
augmentetur in prima vacacione, quia reddere consueuit xxvi s. 
viii d. 

Rector de Wodetone tenet de domino vnam domum cum orto ex 
opposito cimiterii pro redditu vi d. per annum : faciet sectam curie & 
dabit herietum. 

Hawisia Doziar, semiuirgatarius [sic], tenet dimidiam virgatam terre, 
& faciet sicut predictus Willelmus in le Hume, & dat de redditu 
vi s. viii d. 

Walterus le Taylour tenet i cotagium cum curtilagio, & faciet quatuor 
bederipas vt supra, & dat de redditu ii s. 

lohannes de Herforde tenet i cotagium cum curtilagio, & faciet 
quatuor bederipas ut supra, & dat de redditu xxiii d. 

Walterus Getey, couper, tenet i cotagium cum curtilagio & crofto, 
& faciet sicut Broune, & dat de redditu iii s. iiii d. 

Agnes Basse tenet dimidiam virgatam terre; nescitur quare non 
operatur; & dat de redditu vi s. viii d; non maritabit &c., faciet 
finem pro ingressu, dabit herietum &c. 

Cotagium cum crofto quondam Parker, videlicet v seliones, sunt 
in manus domini. 

Duo cotagia quondam Schynner' & Stok' sunt in manus domini : 
crofti vero locantu{. pro volimtate domini Ricardo Russel pro ii s. per 
annum. 

Walterus Nichol tenet v seliones terre in campis ad voluntatem 
domini pro xx d. per annum. 

Thomas Sybbeford tenet vnum cotagium cum curtilagio; faciet 
quatuor bederipas vt supra, & dat de redditu ii s. 

Cotagium quondam Reginald! le Webbe nichil reddit, quia in 
manus domini. 

Alicia le Masone terret cotagium cum curtilagio; faciet iiii 
bederipas, & dat de redditu ii s. 



22 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Sunt ibidem duo parua cotagia cum curtilagio pertinencia ad 
tenementum lohannis Osyat ad fontem ville. 

Thomas Hankyn semiuirgatarius tenet dimidiam virgatam teire; 
faciet in omnibus pro medietate sicut dictus Walterus Dolle, & dat de 
redditu vi s. viii d. 

Ricardus Russel semiuirgatarius faciet sicut dictus Thomas, & dat de 
redditu vi s. vii d. | 
fol. la^. lohannes Maynard virgatarius tenet & faciet in omnibus sicut 
predictus Walterus, & dat de redditu xiii s. iiii d. 

lohannes le Masone tenet vnum cotagium cum curtilagio, ii acras 
& dimidiam terre campestres; faciet sicut Matildis Broune & dat de 
redditu iii s. ii d. 

Ricardus Harepyn tenet vnum cotagium ; faciet sicut eadem Matildis, 
& dat de redditu xii d. 

lohannes Herdewyk' tenet quoddam mesuagium, duas acras terre 
campestres, dimidiam acram prati, quatuor paruas insulas & piscariam 
per cartam, debet sectam curie, releuium, herietum &c., & dat de 
redditu vi s. viii d. 

Est quoddam cotagium iuxta portam curie ex parte occidentali, & 
dat xvi d. de redditu : iam est in manu domini. 

Summa redditus ix lib. xiiii s. iii d. 

Summa gallorum & gallinarum de Chirschot xxxii, & valet v s. iiii d. 

Summa arurarum xxx & licet non apprecientur, valet tamen arura vid. 
Summa xv s. 

Summa dierum falcacionis cxx, & licet non apprecietur, opus tamen 
diei valet iiii d. 

Summa xl s. 

Smnma bederipaium c, & licet non apprecientur, valet tamen opus 
diei sine cibo iii d., & quando ad cibum domini i d. ob. 
Summa xxi s. x d. ob. 

Summa ualoris tocius manerii xx lib. ii d. qua. & tres partes quad- 
raniis ^ | 

fol. 13'. Rentale de Wodetone factum per Galfridum abbatem anno domini 
Mccc sexagesimo sexto. 

Walterus Dolle tenet vnam virgatam, vnde medietas de terra 
Chichely, per certa seruicia & redditus xiii s. iiii d. 

Matildis Broune tenet cotagium cum curtilagio pro redditu 

ii s., i gallum, iii gallinas. 
Willelmus Mile uirgatarius per seruicia ut supra & redditus 

xiii s. iiii d. 
Item, de eodem pro quadam placea terre iiii d. 

* The total should be £20 5J. 2\d, 



• CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 23 

lohannes Botte virgatarius per seniicia &c. pro redditu xiii s. iiii d. 

Petrus Say tenet cotagium cum curtilagio pro redditu xii d. 

Henricus Schayle tenet cotagium cum curtilagio pro redditu xii d. 

Mesuagium cum curtilagio quondam Chichely & semiuirgatarius in 
manus domini : pratum & terra adiungitur dimidie virgate terre Walteri 
Dolle. 

Matildis Manggen tenet cotagium cum curtilagio pro redditu 

xii d., i gallum, iii gallinas. 

Ricardus lames virgatarius pro tenemento Houwes per seruicia & 
redditus &c. xiii s. iiii d. 

lohannes Leueret virgatarius per seruicia &c. & redditus 

xiii s. iiii d. 

De eodem pro certis terris ii s. 

Thomas Rodeplonte virgatarius per seruicia &c. & redditus 

xiii s. iiii d. 

Thomas le Reue virgatarius per seruicia &c. & redditus 

xiii s. iiii d. 

Cotagium quondam Wasy, non edificat[um], in manus domini. 

Waltenis Nichol tenet mesuagium ctun quatuor acris terre campe- 
stribus & dimidia acra prati, i gallum, iii gallinas & iii s. iiii d. 

De eodem pro v selionibus xx d. 

Willelmus in le Hume, semiuirgatarius per seruicia &c. & redditus 

vi s. viii d. 

lohannes Osyat, sine ad fontem, virgatarius sine operibus pro 
redditu xvi s. 

Rector de Wodetone pro domo nuncupato Prestushous pro red- 
ditu vi d. 

Hauwisia Doziar semiuirgat[arius] per seruicia &c. & redd[itus] 

vi s. viii d. 

Walterus le Taylour tenet cotagium cum curtilagio pro redditu ii s. 

lohannes Herford tenet cotagium cum curtilagio pro redditu 

xxiii d. 

Walterus Getey, couper, tenet cotagium cum crofto & curtilagio 
pro redditu iii s. iiii d., i gall[um], iii gall[inas]. 

Agnes Basse, semiuirgat[arius] sine operibus pro redditu 

vi s. viii d. 

Cotag[ium] quondam Parker, continent' [sic] v seliones in .manus 
domini. 

Ricardus Russel tenet duo cotagia cum croftis quousque, quondam 
Schenner & Stok[es], pro redditu ii s. 

Thomas Sybbeforde vol molendinarius tenet cotagium cum curti- 
lagio pro redditu ii s. 



24 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

G)tagiam quondam Reginald! le Webbe cum curtilagio in manus 
domini. 

Alicia Masone tenet cotagium cum curtilagio, quondam Stokes pro 
fol. 13^ redditu ii s. | 

Duo parua cotagia pertinencia ad tenementum lohannis Osyat 

[blank'] 
Thomas Hankyn semiuirgatarius per seniicia &c. & redd[itus] 

vi s. viii 4 
Ricardus Russel semiuirgatarius per seniicia &a & redd[itus] 

vi s. viii d. 
lohannes Maynard virgatarius per seniicia &c. & redd[itus] 

xiii s. iiii d. 
lohannes Masone tenet cotagium cum curtilagio & ii acris & dimidia 
campestribus pro redditu 1 galli, iii gallinarum, iil s. ii d. 

Ricardus Harepyn tenet cotagium cum curtilagio pro redditu 

i galli, iii gallinarum, xii d. 
Cotagium iuxta portam curie ex parte occidentali in manus domini 

xvi d. 

Mesuagium piscatoris cum piscaria nunc tenet lohannes Herdewyk, 

videlicet ii acras terre, dimidiam acram prati, quatuor insulas cum aqua, 

per cartam pro redditu vi s. viii d. 

Summa ix lib. xiiii s. iii d 

Homagium : 

Homagium quando falcat prata domini habebit quatuor bussellos 
frumenti pro pane, vnum multonem secundo [sic] meliorem, vel xii d. 
ad voluntatem domini; vnum casium vel quatuor denarios & vnam 
{>eluati[m] ^ salis, viz. pek, cum quatuor fasciculis focalibus de bosco 
domini pro eorum multonem coquendo. 

Si quis eorum fuerit prepositus, erit quietus de redditu & omnibus 
operibus suis, nichil aliud percipiendo de domino. 

Si quis eorum fuerit wodewardus, erit quietus ut supra, sed est 
sciendum quod si aliquis semiuirgatarius vel quart[e]ronarius, nichil 
aliud habebit quam esse quietus de redditu suo & operibus suis. 

[folio 14 is blank.] 



* Ducange has no such word, but 'pelvis' is a certain measure of salt, and 
probably * peluim * is meant here. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 25 

604. ' 

Cherlebery. fol. l5^ 

1363. 

Inquisicio capta apud Cherlebery per iuratos de valore manerii 
& membris [sic] eiusdem anno domini mccc sexagesimo tercio & anno 
domini Galfridi abbatis monasterii de Egnesham duodecimo. 

Imprimis dicunt iurati super sacramentum suum quod curia domini- 
calis ibidem traditur Ricardo de London & lohanne vxori eius ad 
terminum vite eorum pro redditu vi s. viii d. per annum. Curie debent 
ibi teneri, si dominus voluerit 

Dicunt eciam quod curia rectorie, deductis reprisis, annuatim valet 
ziii s. iiii d. : item dicunt quod nouum columbare cum crofto ibidem 
valet annuatim xiii s. iiii d. 

Dicunt eciam quod columbare iuxta cimiterium traditur ad terminum 
vite lohannis Baillyf pro v s. annuatim. Dicunt quod croftus ibidem 
mensuratus per'Nicholamn de Uptone, predecessorem predicti Galfridi, 
continet nouem acras, & valet acra ii s. 

Summa denariorum xviii s. 

Dicunt eciam quod pratum infra dictum clausum iuxta pratum de 
Sedenham continet duas acras & sexdecim perticas, & valet prima 
uestura vtriusque acre vi s. viii d. & secunda vestura valet ii s. 
Summa denariorum xvi s.* 

Dicunt eciam quod pratum de Mulleham continet in toto nouem 
acras, vnam rodam & dimidiam rodam, & valet acra v s. 
Sunmia denariorum xlvi s. x d. ob. | 

Dicunt eciam quod est vna cultura nuncupata Sedenham, vnde in foL 15^ 
superiore parte est vna cultura tendens in viam versus Faulour, & 
continet quatuor acras, vnam rodam & tres perticas. Item est vna 
alia parua cultura iuxta fossatum tendens in Sedenhamhegge, & con- 
tinet duas acras, dimidiam acram, dimidiam rodam, & quatuordecim 
perticas. Item est vna alia cultura ibidem iacens iuxta Sedenhamhegge, 
tendens in clausum domini, & continet tres acras, dimidiam acram, 
vnam rodam, dimidiam rodam, & quatuordecim (>erticas, & dimidiam 
perticam. Est vna cultura ibidem tendens in Putteslane iuxta viam 
regiam, & continet quinque acras, dimidiam acram, dimidiam rodam, 
quatuordecim perticas, & dimidiam perticam, & sic in toto sexdecim 
acras, dimidiam acram, dimidiam^ rodam, & sex perticas; & valet 
acra iiii d. . ^^ 

Suinma denariorum, v s. vi d. ob. 

Est vna cultura nuncupata Hundeley, & continet in toto viglnti 

^ The arithmetic htta is at £ault. 



26 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

acras, dimidiam acram, vnam rodam, dimidiam rodam, & quindecim 
perticas ; & valet acra iii d. 

Summa denariorum, v s. iii d. 
Est vna cultura nuncupata Ankusdene, & continet octo acras, & sex 
perticas; & valet acra iii d. 

Summa denariorum, ii s. 
Est vna cultura nuncupata Makerelshauwe, & continet in tota 
qualuordecim acras, dimidiam acram, vnam rodam, dimidiam rodam, 
& nouem perticas ; & valet acra iii d. 

Summa denariorum, iii s. viii d. ob. qua. 
Est vna cultura nuncupata Dedelonde, & continet sex acras, dimidiam 
rodam, & vndecim perticas ; & valet acra iii d. 

Summa denariorum, xviii d. ob. | 
foL iC'. Est vna cultura nuncupata Shepecroftfurlong, & continet tresdecim 
acras, dimidiam acram, vnam rodam, & quatuor perticas; & valet 
acra iiii d. 

Summa denariorum, iiii s. vii d. 
Est vna cultura nuncupata Hemelonde & continet octo acras, 
dimidiam acram, dimidiam rodam, & duodecim perticas; & valet 
acra iii d. 

Summa denariorum, ii s. ii d. 
Est vna cultura nuncupata Wythylonde in parte supcriore inter 
duos brokos, & continet duas acras, dimidiam acram & octodecim 
perticas. In cultura inferiore ibidem sunt tres acre, dimidia roda, 
& septemdedm pertice ; & valet acra iii d. 

Summa denariorum, xvii d. ob. 
Est vna cultura nuncupata Whytefurlong a parte superiore de 
Efurlong, & continet sex acras, dimidiam rodam, & vndecim perticas, 
& dimidiam perticam ; & valet acra iii d. 

Summa denariorum, xviii d. ob. 
Est vna cultura nuncupata Efurlong, & continet cum les buttes octo 
acras, dimidiam acram, vnam rodam, dimidiam rodam, & xiii ^ perticas ; 
&, valet acra iiii d. 

Summa denariorum, ii s. xi d. ob. 
Est vna cultura apud Blountescroice, & continet tres acras; & valet 
acra iii d. 

Summa denariorum, ix d. 
Summa acrarum terre arabilis cxiii acre, dimidia roda, ix pertice 
& dimidia. 

Summa extente earundem, xxxi s. vi d. qua. 

* The scribe wrote * qoatnor ' at first. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 27 

Pasture : 

Est vna pastura nuncupata le Merske, continens dimidiam acram, 
dimidiam rodam, duodecim perticas & dimidiam, & est separal[is] 
quando cultura seminatur, & valet acra [blank']. \ 

Est vna pastura apud Hollebroke, & continet vnam acram & vnam foL 16^. 
rodam, & valet acra [hlank\ 

Summa denariorum \blank\ 

Est vna pastura nuncupata Morecroft cum pastura inferiore ibidem, 
& continet duas acras & vnam rodam. 

Summa [blank']. 

Est vna pastura inter le Merske & Shepecroft, & continet dimidiam 
acram & octo perticas; & valet acra [blank], 
Summa [blank]. 

Est ibidem vnum molendinum aquaticum, & valet cum piscaria 
Ixvi s. viii d. 

Boscus : 

Est ibidem vna quart[eron] ex parte australi vltra Meredene, & 
continet septemdecim acras, dimidiam rodam & quinque perticas. 

Est ibidem alia quart[eron] vsque London[e]sart', Horsemanwalle, & 
campimi de Faulour, & continet sexaginta duas acras & decem perticas. 

Est vna quart[eron] iacens ex parte australi de Portrude & 
London[e]sart', tendens in Faulourhemhache & Le Croiceryding, &, 
continet sexaginta decem acras, dimidiam acram & vnam rodam. | 

Est vna quart[eron] ex parte boreali de Portrude & Ruschemere, & fol. 17'. 
continet quadraginta duas acras, dimidiam acram & xvi perticas. 

Est vna quart[eron] nuncupata Myngeputtes quarl[er]on, & continet 
viginti quinque acras, vnam rodam & dimidiam rodam. 

Est vna quart[eron] nuncupata Uassemere quart[er]on, tendens in 
Ryschemereslade, & continet Ixxxvii acras, dimidiam acram, & vnam 
rodam. 

Est vna quart[eron] inter le Styequart[er]on, & continet quatuor 
acras, dimidiam acram & dimidiam rodam. 

Est vna quart[eron] nuncupata Styequart[eron], & continet vndecim 
acras, dimidiam rodam & quindecim perticas. 

Summa acrarum bosci de Uppewode cccxxi acre, dimidia acra, 
dimidia roda & vi pertice preter les rydynges, & valet acra de silua 
sidua vi s. viii d. Qui boscus diuidatur in septem partes ; quelibet 
pars potest vendi septimo anno; et sic annuatim, secundum magis 
A minus, prout quart[erones] iacent, xlvi acre, quarum summa se 
extendit annuatim ad xv libras, vi solidos, viii denarios. 

Item dicunt iurati, quod dominus habet ibidem, si voluerit, curias 



28 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

suas de tribus septimanis in tres, & eciam Portmot' ; habet eciam 
ibidem visum franciplegii, quern habent simul tener[e] constabularius 
de Bannebyry & senescallus abbatis. Habet eciam way wes * & strayes. 
Habet eciam ibidem regal[e] in tantimi, vt si fur capiatur cum 
mayneoure* suspendatur in loco ad hoc deputato infra dominium, 
seneschallo abbatis iudice. Si uero aliquis per suspectionem latrocinii 
infra dominium capiatur, manebit ibidem per triduum; quarto die 
ducetur ad castrum de Bannebyry, si aliquis prosequatur. | 
fol. 17^ Dicunt etiam iurati quod dictum manerium abbas & conuentus 
habent & habuenmt de episcopo Lincolniensi in excambium cum 
Stoweparke & Sleforde, vna cum Histona & Stokes Abbatis. Dictum 
vero manerium tenetur de episcopo Lincolniensi in capite & hoc ita 
libere sicut episcopus tenuit. 

[The rest of foUo 17^, and folio 18 blank.] 

605. 
foL ig^ Fauelore. 

Item dicunt iurati quod curia de Faulour valet per aimum dcductis 
reprisis v s. 

Dicunt eciam quod clausum eiusdem curie continet tres acras & 
vnam rodam preter duas perticas & dimidiam, & valet acra ii s. 
Summa denariorum, vi s. 
Dicunt etiam quod pratum infra clausum ibidem iuxta ripam aque 
continet duas acras dimidiam rodam & decem perticas, & valet prima 
vestura acre vi s. ; secunda vero vestura vnius acre valet xviii d. 
Summa denariorum, xvi s. vi d. 
Item dicunt quod pratum de Longemede sub cultura sancti Andree 
continet sex acras & vnam rodam, & valet acra v s. 
Summa denariorum, xxxi s. iii d. 
Item dicunt quod pratum de Horsselcy cum prato quondam prions, 
continente per estimacionem vnam acram, continet septem acras & 
octo perticas, & valet acra v s. 

Summa denariorum, xxxv s. 
Est vna cultura in parte inferiore de Strittehuppebreche, & continet 
duas acras, dimidiam rodam, duodecim perticas & dimidiam perticam. 
Cultura vero ibidem ex parte superiore continet duas acras & vndecim 
perticas, & valet acra iii d. 

Summa denariorum, xii d. ob. qua. 
Est vna cultura apud Lurttesse ex parte superiore, & continet duas 

* Sic : i. e. * waifs *. 

* i. e. cum maaaopere, * in possession of stolen goods \ 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 29 

acras, dimidiam acram, dimidiam rodam. Cultura Vero inferior 
ibidem continet tres acras, dimidiam acram, vnam rodam, dimidiam 
rodam & vndecim perticas, & valet acra iii d. 

Summa denariorum, xix d. ob. qua. | 

Est vna cultura vltra pontem nuncupata cultura sancti Andree, & fol. 19'^. 
continet cultura inferior tendens in pratum de Longemede septem 
acras & dimidiam acram, & valet acra iii d. 

Sunmia denariorum, ii s. vi d. 

In cultura ibidem ex parte australi in le Sladde sunt due acre, vna 
roda, dimidia roda & quatuor pertice ; in cultura superiore, cultiua 
sancti Andree, iuxta viam versus Fynstoke sunt octo acre, dimidia 
acra, vna roda & dimidia roda, & valet acra iii d. 

Summa denariorum, ii s. ix d ob. qua. 

Est vna cultura in Grantesfelde tendens in Tappewellelane 8c ripam 
aque, 8c continet nouem acras, & valet acra iii d. 
Summa denariorum, ii s. iii d. 

Est vna cultura ibidem a latere dicte culture, tendens in Tappe- 
wellelane, & continet duas acras, dimidiam acram, duas perticas 8c 
dimidiam perticam. Est una cultura ibidem sub pede dicte culture, 
tendens in pratum de Horsseleye, & continet octo acras, dimidiam 
acram & vndecim perticas. Est vna pania cultura iacens iuxta pratum 
de Horsseleye in longitudine tendens versus Ordeweygroue, 8c continet 
duas acras, vnam rodam, dimidiam rodam, quatuor perticas & dimidiam 
perticam, & valet acra iiii d. 

Summa denariorum, iiii s. vi d. 

Est* vna cultura in Westfelde in parte inferiore iuxta le Parkewalle, 
tendens in ripam aque, & continet sexdecim acras, dimidiam acram & 
dimidiam rodam. Cultura vero superior ibidem a dicto Parkewalle vsque 
Gylberdescroft, tendens in Hyldecatt' & boscum de Fynstok, continet 
quinquaginta quinque acras, & valet acra iii d. 

Summa denariorum, xvii s. x d. ob. qua. 

Summa acrarum terre arabilis, cxxiii acre, dimidia acra, dimidia 
roda, xvi pertice & dimidia pertica. | * 

Summa extente predictarum acrarum, xxxii s. viii d. fol. ao^ 

Cultura de Henleden' non mensuratur nee estimatur, quia non 
colitur hiis diebus. 

Est ibidem molendinum aquaticum, 8c valet annuatim cum piscaria 
xlii soiidos, prout traditur in presenti. 

[The rest of folio 20 is blank.] 

' In a later hand 'Fynstoke* is ' The scribehas erased a letter, which 

written in the margin. he wrote before ' d *. 



30 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

606. 
foL 3x^ Hundredum de Banneb[er]y. 

Extente terrarum & tenementorum Hundredi de Banneb[er]y: 
munimenta excaetoris Lincolniensis episcopi in quodam veteri 
rotulo. 

CherUhery} Abbas de Egnesham tenet in manerio de Cherlebery 
cum omnibus suis pertinenciis de episcopo Lincolniensi per escam- 
bium factum pro manerio de Stowe in comitatu Lincoln[ie] episcopi 
antiquis temporibus. £t abbas habet in eodem manerio quatuor 
carucatas terre, que continent xvi virgatas terre, in dominico, & in 
villenagio xvi virgatas terre, & quelibet virgata terre soluit dicto abbati 
V s. annui redditus, si non operentur ; si operentur nullum dat reddi- 
tum : item idem abbas habet septem cotarios, qui soluunt dicto abbati 
vii s. vi d. annui redditus. £t Nicholaus Taylarde tenet vnam virgatam 
terre & dimidiam de eodem abbate pro vi s. vi d. annui redditus, & 
facit sectam ad curiam dicti abbatis & non dat scutagium nee dare 
consueuit. Willelmus Chaumberleyne tenet vnam acram terre cum 
edific[io] libere de dicto abbate pro iii solidis annui redditus pro 
omnibus seruiciis. Item idem abbas habet duo molendina & boscum 
in foresta pertinen[tem] ad dicta molendina ; & habet visum franci- 
plegii, presente balliuo episcopi Lincolniensis; & habet furcas .& 
mercatum quolibet die lune. £t dicunt iurati quod nesciunt quo 
warento. 

Cotes, Item dictus abbas habet in Cotes xiii virgatas terre in 
villenagio, & facit seruicium quod faciunt villani de Cherlebery. 

Fymtoke. Item idem abbas habet in Fynstoke iiii virgatas terre in 
villenagio, & quelibet virgata terre soluit dicto abbati v s. annui redditus 
pro omnibus seruiciis. Item idem abbas habet in eodem hameietto 
octo coterellos, qui tenent xxxvi acras terre de nouo assart[o] ad 
terminum vite pro xxxiiii s. annui redditus; et non dat scutagium, 
nee dare consueuit. Heredes C de Fynstoke tenent de dicto abbate 
libere i virgatam terre in nouo assart[o] pro v s. annui redditus, 
& non dat scutagium. Nicholaus de Langeley tenet de dicto abbate 
vii acras terre & iii rodas libere de nouo assart[o] pro vii s. annui 
redditus ; et facit sectam curie dicti abbatis ; et non dat scutagium nee 
dare consueuit. Istud dictum tenementum tenet dictus abbas de 
episcopo Lincolniensi per escambium ut supra. 

^ What follows is the return made in 1279 and printed in the Hundred Rolls ^ 
vol. ii, pp. 709, 708, and 705. 
• * GilberU ' in the Hundred Rolls. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 31 

Fauelor. Idem abbas | habet in Fauelour i carucatam terre que foL 2i\ 
condnet quatuor virgatas terre, & tenet in capite de Roberto Dawers in 
puram & perpetuam elemosinam. Item idem abbas habet in eodem 
hameletto iiii virgatas terre in villenagio, & quelibet virgata soluit dicto 
abbati v s. annui redditus. Dant viii s. ad scutagium, quando scut[um] 
dat xl s. Item dictus abbas habet ibidem v virgatas in viilenagio de 
feoffamento Thome Capnm, & quelibet virgata terre soluit dicio abbati 
v s. annui redditus; et dant ad scutagium xi s. v d. ob., quando 
scut[um] dat xl s. £t istud scutagium soluendum est Roberto de 
Wycham, quia de feodo suo. Willelmus Dawers tenet i virgatam 
terre de dicto abbate pro xii d. annui redditus ; et dat scutagium u s., 
quando scut[um] dat xl s. Heredes Simonis Dawers tenent i virgatam 
terre pro xii d. annui redditus soluendis dicto abbati; et dat scuta- 
gium ii s., quando 8cut[um] &c. Totum istud tenementum quod 
dictus abbas tenet in isto hameletto est de feodi Roberti Dawers, & 
Robertus Dawers de episcopo LincolniensL Philippus de Podelincote 
tenet libere iiii acras terre de nouo assarto dicti abbatis pro iiii s. 
annui redditus & non scutagium. Willehnus le Blund tenet i hidam 
terre ibidem de Roberto de Wycham pro quarta parte feodi vnius 
militis ; facit duas sectas ad curiam de Wycham per annum & facit 
ward[am] ad castrum de Bannebiry per xl dies propriis sumptibus ; 
tam[en] Robertus de Wycham tempore guerre; & dat x s. ad 
scutagium, quando scut[um] dat xls. Adam de Bloxham tenet 
i virgatam terre de dicto Willi[elm]o libere in eodem hameletto pro 
ii d. annui redditus. Memorandum quod W. le Blund tenet totum 
tenementum suum in predicto hameletto de Fauloiu* de Roberto de 
Wycham per predictxrai seruicium & idem Robertus de episcopo 
Lincolniensi. Dominus Roberlus de Wycham tenet in Wycham 
feodum vnius militis in capite de episcopo Lincolniensi & episcopus 
de rege. £t dictus Robertus facit ward[am] ad castrum de Bannebiry 
tempore guerre propriis sumptibus per xl d[ies] ; et facit sectam 
hundredi de Bannebury per annum. £t habet in dominico i caruca- 
tam terre & iii virgatas & dimidiam terre in viilenagio, & quelibet 
virgata terre valet ad | opus dicti Roberti i marcam per annum, fol. 22'. 
Quelibet virgata terre dat iii s. vi d. scut[agium],* quando scut[um] 
dat xl 8., & facit seruicium precpi] iii s. 

Inquisicio facta per dominum Robertum de Wycham, Robertum 
Dawers, Symonem de Croppery, Willelmum de la Lee, Robertum 
dominum de Swaleclyue, Willelmum de Mortone, Willelmum Vlger, 
Laurencium Herdewyk, Ricardum Halcheyn, Gilbertium [sic] filium 

» 'scufscutVMS. 



32 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

clericf de Burtona, Nicholaum Taillarde de Cherlebury & Ricardum 
de la Lee clericum, iuratos de veritate dicenda super capitulis eisdem 
traditis per dominum Sampsonem & socios suos domini rfegis iusticiarios 
ad hoc assignatos, qui dicunt per sacramentum suum quod dominus 
rex lion dominicum nee feodum nee eschaetum in hundredo de 
Bannebiry, quamdiu episcopus Lyncolniensis fuerit superstes, sed 
ipso defuncto dominus rex habebit dictum hundredum & omnia feoda 
dicti episcopi in ward[a] cum onmibus rebus dicta feoda tangentibus 
in dicto hundredo. 

Preterea dicunt quod in predicto hundredo non sunt alique tenure 
alicuius honoris, nee bosci, nee parca, nee chacea \ nee warenne, nee 
aque, nee riparie in defens[o], excepta warenna spineti de Croyche & de 
Derdene iuxta Bannebury ; et excepta aqua & riparia de Charewelle 
inter Bannebury and Croppery, que sunt in warrenno [sic] 8c defens[o] 
ex antiquo tempore, & similiter excepta aqua & riparia de Bladene, 
que sunt indefens[o]' apud Cherlebury & Faulour ; et excepto quodam 
bosco in Whychewode, pertinente ad manerium de Cherlebury. Et 
dicta villa de Cherlebury cum hamelettis suis pertinet ad hundredum 
de Bannebury; et dicunt dicti iurati quod episcopus L3mcolniensis 
tenet dictum hundredum & castrum de Bannebury cum feodis suis & 
pertinenciis subscriptis de domino rege in capite per baroniam; et 
habet libertates suas & omnia placita & indicia que vicecomes Oxonie 
potest plaeitare & visum franeiplegii & retumum breuium domini 
regis. Et habet vnam feriam per annum in villa de Bannebury per | 
foL 22^. vnum diem in septimana Pentecostes & quolibet die louis per annum 
mercatum in eadem villa & nesciunt quo warento. Postea dicunt de 
dominicis & feodalibus & tenuris quorumcunque virorum in dicto 
hundredo, & de hiis qui ea tenent Sc quomodo & qualiter & de hiis 
qui non consuebant dare scutagium & dare debent & quantum, & de 
nominibus villanormn & hamelettorum divisim, aperte & distincte. 

[The rest of 22^^ is blank.] 

607. 
foL 23'. E3rnesham. 

Memorandum ' quod a capite fossati sub Foulespole inter pratum 
de Froggenhale & Stonyham vsque fossatum de Ouereyt & a gurgite 

* * chaceo,' MS, cause the first letter "is a large capital, 
' Written as one word. such as is only found at the beginning 

• The deed begins abruptly, but there of an inquisition, 
is nothing missing; this is certain, be- 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 33 

ultra passagium usque Bulput continentur nouemdecim acre, preter duas 
perticas ; bis falcatur, & est separale usque festum sancti Michaelis. 

In prato de Longemede videlicet a capite dicti fossati de Foulespol© 
& ab angulo de Bulputte vsque lacum de Acheley sunt triginta acre, 
dimidia acra, dimidia roda & octodecim pertice; communibus annis falca- 
tur post autumpnum,& est separale vsque dictum festum sancti Michaelis. 

In prato de Acheley citra pontem de Wroghechey sunt xix acre, 
dimidia acra & quatuordecim pertice; bis falcatur, & est separale 
vsque dictum festum sancti Michaelis. 

Pratum vero de Wroghethey [stc\ continet xxxvii acras, dimidiam 
acram, dimidiam rodam, xvi perticas ; bis falcatur, & est separale 
usque ad festum sancti Michaelis. 

In prato de Sedelakesham sunt viginti tres acre, una roda, dimidia 
roda. £t est commune, feno ablato, & siue sit ablatum sine non, ad 
gulam Augusti est commune. Ad caput eiusdem prati est vna pecia 
prati nuncupata Cryspisham, & continet tres acras, vnam rodam & 
sexdecim perticas & dimidiam perticam. 

In pastura de Otehurst sunt quatuordecim acre, dimidia acra & octo 
pertice, & est communis ad gulam Augusti. 

In prato de Trumpermede simt septemdecim acre, dimidia roda & 
quindecim pertice, & sequitur * pastura de Otehurst 

Memorandum quod pratum de Wyreshy continet in toto quinqua- 
ginta tres acras & unam rodam. | 

Memorandimi quod in prato de Landemed' sunt sex parcelle fol. 23'^. 
bundat[e], quarum prima parcella nuncupata Stubbefurlong continet 
quatuor acras & dimidiam rodam, & est domini anno Incamacionis 
Domini imparl, & tenendum anno Incamacionis Domini pari: 
quando vero est tenencium diuiditur per sortem videlicet inter heredes 
de Tywe, heredes Bacon', Choppereacr', Willelmi atte Hulle. 

Secunda parcella dicti prati continet viginti duas acras & dimidiam 
acram, & semper est domini. 

Tercia parcella continet sex acras, vnam rodam & tresdecim perticas, 
& est domini anno Incamacionis Domini pari, & tenencium anno 
Incamacionis imparl, & diuiditur inter dictos tenentes per sortem. 

Quarta pecia in le Longelete continet octo acras, vnam rodam & 
quinque perticas, & est domini anno Incamacionis Domini pari, & 
tenencium anno Incamacionis impari In qua parcella Nicholaus 
Colyns habet duas acras, Henricus Leoue[n] habet vnam acram, 
Chopper' vnam acram, Willelmus atte Hulle dimidiam acram. 

Quinta parcella ibidem in le Longelete continet nouemdecim acras, • 
vnam rodam, dimidiam rodam & tresdecim perticas, & semper est domini. 

* Probably means Ms of a suit with \ * follows suit with '. 
n. D 



34 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Sexta parcella ibidem ad capud prati de Clayhuych' continet septem 
acras & dimidiam acram, & est domini anno Incarnacionis Domini 
impari, & dictorum tenencium anno Incarnacionis pari, & diuiditur inter 
dictos tenentes per sortem. 

Summa acrarum domini anno Incarnacionis pari, Ivi acre, 
dimidia acra, & xi pertice. | 
fol. 24^ Summa acrarum domini ibidem anno Incarnacionis Domini 

impari, liii acre, dimidia acra, & xiii pertice. 

Dominus habet ibidem sub Biterhale pratum ab aqua vsque Munke- 
shode, & continet quatuor acras, dimidiam acram, vnam rodam, 
dimidiam rodam & quinque perticas. 

Idem habet* ibidem ex parte boreali de Munkeshode super le 
Hurst, & continet quatuor acras, dimidiam acram, dimidiam rodam & 
octo perticas. 

In prato de Clayhuythe sunt quatuor parcelle. Prima parcella 
iuxta aquam est feodum bedelli domini de consuetudine, & continet 
vnam acram & octo perticas. 

Secunda parcella eiusdem iuxta dictam acram ex parte oriental! 
est domini anno Incarnacionis Domini imparl, & erit tenencium anno 
eiusdem Incarnacionis pari, & continet quinque acras & vnam rodam. 
Quando vero est tenencium diuiditur in septem partes, videlicet tenens 
tenementum de Apestede habebit primam sortem iuxta acram bedelli, 
heredes Belgraue secundam, lohannes Roberde terciam, heredes 
Bacone quartam cum medietate vnius sortis, heredes Halwy quintam, 
Walterus Morice & lohannes Wodestoke sextam, heredes de Tywe 
septimam, diuersi habent octauam nuncupatam Chopperacre; Willelmus 
atte HuUe medietatem vnius sortis. 

Tercia pecia semper est domini, & continet tres acras, dimidiam 
acram & tres perticas. 

Quarta pecia versus Come-eyt continet quinque acras, vnam rodam, 
dimidiam rodam & quindecim perticas, & est domini anno Incarna- 
cionis Domini pari, & tenencium anno impari. Quando vero est 
tenencium diuiditur inter tenentes predictos ita quod tenens de 
Apestede erit propinquior de Come eyt. 

Summa acrarum domini anno Incarnacionis Domini impari, viii 

acre, dimidia acra, i roda & iii pertice, & anno pari, ix 

acre preter duas perticas. | 

fol. 24^. Memorandum quod pratum de Benengey est separale vsque festum 

sancti Michaelis; bis falcatur, & continet nouem acras, dimidiam 

rodam & sex perticas. 

* Some word is wanting, probably margin ' Cane qnia non bene scrip- 
* pratum '. There is a note here in the [turn] '. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 35 

In prato de Beterdeye sunt tres parcelle, quarum dominus habet 
primam iuxta viam regiam, tendentem versus molendina de Carsyng- 
tone, quondam elemosinarii, sacxiste & natiuonim de Tylgarsle, & 
continet viii acras preter duas perticas & dimidiam perticam minus in 
toto. Diuersi tenentes de Egnesham, Willelmus atte Hulle, & heredes 
Roberti Wylles de Tylgarsle habent secundam particulam, sine mediam. 
Dominus habet terciam particulam iuxta Costloneit, & continet i 
acram, dimidiam acram & xix perticas. 

Summa acrarum domini in dicto prato, ix acre, xvi pertice & 
dimidia pertica. 
Balliuus manerii de permissione domini habet ibidem iii rodas, 
dimidiam rodam & xiiii perticas prati. 

Bedeilus manerii de permissione domini habet ibidem i rodam, 
dimidiam rodam & xiiii perticas prati. 
Pratum de Costloteit : 

In eodem prato sunt etiam tres parcelle quarum dominus habet 
primam propiorem* Beterdeye, que quondam fuit elemosinarii & 
aliorum supra nominatorum, & continet v acras, xii perticas & 
dimidiam perticam. Dicti tenentes adhuc superstites tenent secun- 
dam parcellam, sine mediam. Dominus habet terciam parcellam 
iuxta flumen de Bladen, & continet de bono prato duas acras, 
dimidiam acram & iii perticas. 

Summa acrarum, vii acre, dimidia acra, xv pertice. | 
Terre & pratum de Langdale : foL 25*. 

Dicta \sic] terre & pratum iacent sub Cattesbrayne & iuxta le 
MuUemore : continet [sic] in longitudine Ixxxxii perticas : terra iacet 
quasi in medio, ita quod pratum habetur in fine vtriusque capitis. In 
primis Willelmus le Brewester, natiuus domini, tenet de dictis prato & 
terris iuxta fossatum de Mullemore in latitudine i perticam & dimi- 
diam perticam longitudinis predicte, et sic continet iii rodas, xviii 
perticas, sine redditu; quas Adam pater ipsius adquisiuit: et quia 
quicquid seruus adquirit, domino adquiritur, faciat inde dominus quod 
sibi videatur expediens. 

Dominus tenet ibidem latitudinem vnius pertice longitudinis quo 
supra, & fuit quondam Alicie Colles, & sic continet dimidiam acram & 
xii perticas. 

Ricardus le Porter tenet ibidem in latitudine i perticam longitudinis 
quo supra, pro i roda. Henricus Leuon tenet ibidem in latitudine vnam 
perticam eiusdem longitudinis pro i roda, pertinenl[em] ad terram 
suam natiuam. Walterus Moricen tenet ibidem de hereditate Bele- 

* * propriorem,' MS. 
D 2 



36 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

graue in latitudine x pedes & dimidium, preter i digitum, longitudinis 
predicte pro tercia parte dimidie acre. 

Dominus habet in manibus ibidem in latitudine in capite sub 
Cattesbrayne xviii perticas; in alio capite xviii perticas & dimidiam 
perticam & iii pedes longitudinis quo supra ; & sic continet x acras, 
dimidiam acram, dimidiam rodam, x perticas & xiii pedes. 

Heredes Tywe babent ibidem pro i acra in latitudine iii perticas, 
dimidiam perticam, iii pedes longitudinis quo supra. 

Dominus habet ibidem in latitudine ix perticas, dimidiam perticam, 
i pedem, longitudinis Ixxxx perticarum; et sic continet v acras, 
dimidiam acram, xii pedes. 

Willelmus atte Hulle, lohannes atte Halle, lohannes Panter de 
ten[emento] Londeneis* habent ibidem in latitudine pro i acra iii 
perticas, dimidiam perticam, v pedes & dimidium pedem longitudinis 
vt iacet. 

Dominus habet ibidem in latitudine iii perticas, dimidiam perticam, 
iiii pedes, dimidium pedem, longitudinis Ixxxviii perticarum: et sic 
continet ii acras, xiii perticas, v pedes. | 
fol. 35^ Willelmus atte Hulle tenet ibidem de tenement© Fomer in latitudine 
pro dimidia acra i perticam, iii partes pertice, ii pedes, & quartam 
partem pedis. 

Walterus Moricen tenet ibidem in latitudine pro tercia parte 
dimidie acre ix pedes, iii partes pedis, ii digitos. 

Dominus habet ibidem in latitudine iii perticas, dimidiam perticam, 
V pedes & dimidium pedem longitudinis Ixxxvi perticarum ; et sic 
continet duas acras, xi perticas, iiii pedes. 

lohannes Roberd carpentarius tenet ibidem pro i roda in latitudine 
iiii partes pertice, iii pedes, longitudinis vt iacet. 

Dominus tenet ibidem in latitudine vii perticas & dimidiam, 
longitudinis vnius lateris Ixvi, alterius lateris Ix perticas ; el sic 
continet duas acras, iii rodas, dimidiam rodam, xii perticas 8c 
dimidiam. 

Walterus Moricen & Willelmus atte Hulle tenent ibidem pro i acra 
in latitudine iii perticas & iii partes pertice, longitudinis ut iacet, 

Dominus tenet ibidem in latitudine in capite sub Cattesbrayne ii 
perticas & iii pedes, & latitudine in pede xviii perticas ; in vno latere 
de longitudine Ivi perticas, in alio latere de longiiudine Iiii perticas ; et 
sic continet ista parcella iii acras, i rodam, dimidiam rodam, x perticas, 
iii pedes & ii digitos. 

' There is a gap after this word, sufficient for the insertion of another 
name. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 37 

Summa omnium acrarum, que sunt in manus domini in 
Langedale, preter parcellam Willelmi Bruester se exten- 
dunt ad xxvii acras, i rodam, x perdcas, dimidiam perticam, 
& vii pedes, preter ii digitos. 

Religiosi viri, abbas & conuentus de Egnesham, monachi ordinis 
sancii Benedicti, Lincolniensis diocesis, tenent manerium de Egnesham 
sibi & successoribus suis ac ecclesie sue conuentuali ibidem ex dona- 
cione domini Almari le Crete, dudum comitis Comubie, primi fun- 
datoris sui, in veram, puram & perpetuam elemosinam ; demumque 
donacio per litteras & cartas Romanorum Pontificum & Anglie regum 
nobilium stabiliter confirmatur. Qui vero Romani pontifices vna cum 
archiepiscopis & episcopis, ecclesie dei sacrosancte | prelatis, omnibus fol. 26', 
penitentibus contritis & de peccatis suis confessis ^ aliquid de bonis suis 
sibi a deo prestitis eisdem monachis deo seruientibus ac ecclesie sue de 
Egnesham in eius construccionem & iuuamen, ad omnipotentis dei 
& sue matris sancte Marie virginis, sancti Andree apostoli & omnium 
sanctonun honorem & deuocionem sinceram conferentibus summam 
dierum venie magnam in domino concesserunt ; fructus, redditus & 
prouentus dicti manerii de Egnesham cum iuribus & pertinenciis suis 
vniuersis ad eorundem abbatis & conuentus ac successorum suorum 
vsus communes, institucione canonica & benigno caritatis intuitu, 
misericorditer assignantes. Fundatur itaque abbathia de Egnesham 
ex manerio predicto cum domibus & edificiis sufficienlibus & honestis, 
non tamen propter reprisas hie appreciatis, adiacente vno largo gardino 
. cum viuariis pro pisc[ibus] recent[er] inponend[is] & custodiend[is], & 
cum arboribus & ortis pro fab[isj plantandis, plantisque olerum, 
porettis,' canabo, lino & multis aliis herbis necessariis domus pro- 
ficieniibus : et valet gardinum predictum cum proficuis huiusmodi ab 
eo proueniendis per annum iuxta veri valoris estimacionem quadraginta 
solidos : est etenim ex parte occidentali eiusdem abbathie larga curia 
in qua sunt situata grangia & alie domus pro bobus, vaccis & bidenti- 
bus, ac alio diuerso stauro viuo & mortuo recipiendo, quarum quidem 
domorum proficuum valere per annum estimatur quadraginta solidos. 
Sunt siquidem ad dictam abbathiam racione prefati manerii spectantes 
quatuordecim carucate terre ad minus ; vnde decern boni soli, videlicet 
que iacent super culturas que vocantiu* Twelueacre, Southefelde, Lode- 
mede, Loteshulle, Cattesbrayne, Huythecroft & Mullecroft, & valet eis 
quelibet carucata terre per annum sexaginta solidos. Cetere autem 
carucate terre debilis soli iacentes in campis qui vocantur les Graunge- 
croftes valent vt in fructibus gregum & animalium cum le Frith 

* 'de confessis,* MS. ' 'plants of greens and beetroot* 



38 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

quadraginta solidos; et preterea duo bosci, videlicet le Frith & le 
Heyewode cum magna brueria, que ibi est inter illos duos boscos, 

fol. 26\ estimantur pro housebote & heybote valere per | annum centum solidos. 
Habetur eciam ibidem vna piscaria per Thamesiam que pertinet ad 
dictam abbathiam occasione eiusdem manerii, estimata valere per 
annum septuaginta tribus solidis [sic] ; est & vna alia piscaria per 
aquam que dicitur Bladene estimata per annum ad quatuor solidos ; 
sunt eciam adiacencia prata videlicet Wyreshey, Wroghlehey, Longe- 
mede, Achey, Froggenhale, Stoweharo, Benyngey, Landemede, 
Stubelfurlong, Longelete, Cleyhuthe, Byterhale, Claxhurst, Monke- 
shode, Sydelakesham, Cryspesham, Weymore, & le Croft quod 
vocatur Culuyrmede ; et estimantur ista prata predicta valere 
per annum triginta quinque libras. Preter que sunt pasture que 
vocantur le Ouereyt & le NeJ>ereyt & le Caluecroft, appreciate per 
annum ad iiii libras. Ad hec quidem sunt ibi tria molendina per 
predictam aquam de Bladene, quorum proficuum annuatim estimatur 
valere iiii libras vii solidos : et memorandum quod aliquando mains 
valent superscripta * quam hie appreciantur, turn propter bonum annum 
& rores tempestiuos tum propter prudenciam, yconomiam & anima- 
lium instauracionem. Super quibus prouidendis & prospiciendis sint 
rerum huiusmodi pro commodo vlterius habundante custodes per se 
uel alios circumspectos diligenter intendentes. 

Summa valoris manerii predicti per estimacionem prescrlptam, 
[blank,'] 
Caueat balliuus vel bedelius ne aliquis pascat in separalibus pasturis 
domini videlicet in Longemede, Wroghtehey, Achey, Benyngey a festo 
Purificacionis vsque ad festum sancti Michaelis, nisi casu post secundam 
ve^turam dominus ibidem pauerit; tunc tenetur bedelius aliena pecora 
effugare & non attachiare. Ouereyte separabitur a Purificacione vsque 
ad natiuitatem sancti lohannis Baptiste ; post festum sancti lohannis 
Baptiste tenetur custos aliena pecora effugare & non attachiare, 
quousque falcatur Longemede & leuetur. Post hec erit communis, 
exceptis bidentibus. Otehurst separabitur a Purificacione quousque 
falcetur & leuetur. Pratum mcinum Twelueacre & Partrichesmede 

fol. 27'. separabuntur a Purificacione vsque ammoueantur | blada. Lodemere 
& Baremede separabuntur quando terra vicina seminatur quousque 
metatur. Mullemore separabitur vsque ad ammocionem bladorum in 
Cattesbrayne, sed postquam falcatur & leuatur pratum vicinum, effugabit 
homines de Carsyngtone & non attachiet. Wyrresey separabitur a 
Purificacione vsque ad ammocionem feni, nisi pecora domini prius 

* * subscripta,' MS. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 39 

ingrediantur. Si vero pecora domini intrent, homines de Carsyngtone 
& alii statim intrabunt. 

Bedellus habet ex consuetudine pro stipendio suo & garcionis sui 
per annum v solidos & herbagium in foueis & lacis, vbi pre artitudine 
pecora domini depasci non possunt, & dictas foueas metet & non 
pascet, & vnmn equum continue in estate in Landemede depastum, & 
mullionem feni in Landemede ex curialitate, & garcio eius lectum de 
feno ibidem vei ii s.; et bedellus habebit hamme & foueam extra 
Landemede de communitate ville, & garbas in Langedale. Et garcio 
de dimidia acra vnam garbam: et balliuus habebit, sicut prepositus 
solebat, vnam placeam prati apud Sydelakesham, & propterea 
mensurabit pratum. 

Si qui sint quoque delinquentes in campis [&] pratis predictis a 
communi separatis, aut in boscis & brueria supradictis meremium, 
buscam vel brueriam asportantes, in ciuia de Egnesham, que de tribus 
septimanis in tres septimanas teneri potest, prout placitum fuerit, vel 
aliter agendum in eadem.* Punire possunt abbas & conuentus pre- 
dict! vnumquemque, videlicet huiusmodi delinquentem,^ iure semper 
obseruato secundiun delicti quantitatem amerciare, & eadem amercia- 
menta simul ciun emendis assise panis & ceruisie fracte in Portemoto 
de Egnesham, quod ex donacionibus regum Anglie in perpetuam 
elemosinam optinent, per satellites ab eis deputandos colligere [ei] 
percipere eisdem plene licet & habere. Ad quam quidem curiam 
simul & Portemotum predictum venient tenentes qui secuntur. Qui 
vero de curia ad curiam, & qui de mercato ad Portemotum. 

Robertus Jordan tenet tenementum quondam Walter! clerici in le 
Huthende cum vno curtilagio & vno crofto, faciendo pro eisdem vnam 
sectam ad curiam de Eynesham ad terminum sancti Michaelis & | vnam foL 27^^. 
aliam sectam ad Hokeday, & nichilominus reddet per annum ad 
quatuor terminos, videlicet sancti Michaelis, sancti Thome apostoli, 
sancte Marie in Marcio & sancti lohannis Baptiste tres solidos 
equalibus porcionibus diuidendos ; et leuabit fenum cum vno homine 
per vnum diem in prato quod vocatur Wroghtehey, nichil de domino 
capiendo, & simili modo leuabit fenum in prato quod vocatur Wyrresey; 
et eodem modo faciet cum vno homine mulones * vtriusque prati per 
vnum diem, nichil de domino vt predicitur capiendo; tunc eciam 
^mptibus suis faciet vnam bederipam cimi vno homine per vnum diem 
& duas bederipas, quamlibet cum vno homine, capiendo de domino 

^ Something is missing from this sen- & sernisie & omnium victnalium.' 
tence. ' Usually * muiloncs ', heaps, hay 

* In the margin in another hand — cocks. 
*Nota quod abbas habet asisam panis 



40 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

vtroque die vnum co[m]unnu[m] * in die; et veniet ad fenum leuandum, 
tassum * faciendum, & bladum metendum, ita ut sit ad opus suum ante 
pulsum campane misse beate Marie, nee sedebit ad iantaculum vel alias 
per totum diem ante coUacionem nisi amercientur, & dictis duobus 
diebus cum sit ad mensam domini habebit vnum panem de peys 
sergeaunt de pondere panis monachalis & vnam legenam ceruisie mixte 
& tria allec[ia], qualiscumque fuerit dies, si celerarius voluerit; et 
dabit denarium sancti Petri, si habeat bouem uel bouiculum, set 
herietum ab eo non prestabitur. 

Sunt' due forlonge apud le Westyrtte, que uocantur Lutteshulle et 
Kyngesdone cum vno prato uocato Baremede,& continent in longitudine 
et latitudine xxi acras. 

Est alia furlonga iuxta Caldecroft ex parte australi et extendit se ad 
uiam que uocatur Sty wardispathe & continet in longitudine & latitudine 
xvii acras cum prato adiacente. 

608. 
foi. a8'. ^^ Cateshambrygge. 

1442-4. Placita coram domino rege apud Westmonasterium de termino 
sancti Hillarii anno regni regis Henrici sexti post conquestum vicesimo 
secundo : rotulo xxi inter placita regis. 

Oxon. Alias, scilicet vicesimo secundo die Aprilis, anno domini 
regis nunc vicesimo apud Wottone ad uisum franciplegii Humfridi 
ducis Gloucestrie hundredi sui de Wottone in comitatu Oxonie coram 
Willelmo Somertone, balliuo & seneschallo eiusdem ducis, ibidem 
tentum per sacramentum duodecim hominum iuratorum extitit 
presentatum, quod est quidam pons uocatus Cateshambrigge apud 
Takley in comitatu predicto diruptuS et confractus ad graue nocu- 
mentum tocius populi domini regis ibidem pertranseuncium in 
defectu lohannis abbatis de Egnesham in comitatu predicto, racione 
tenure sue ibidem illi ponti adiacentis, & quod predictus abbas & 
omnes predecessores sui abbates de Egnesham racione tenure sue 
predicte pontem ilium reparare consueuerunt a toto tempore cuius 
contrarii memoria hominum non existit, & de iure tenentur. Quam 
quidem presentacionem dominus rex nunc coram eo postea certis de 
causis uenire fecit terminandam : per quod preceptum fuit uicecomiti 

* Dncange gives a word ' comnnnum * * ' tassum,* a heap of hay or com ; 

cr ' comnnuus ', which he conjectures here probably hay-rick, 

may mean a company. What follows ' This and the next entry are in a 

five lines below suggests that it means later hand. 
* a commons of food.' 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 41 

quod non omitteret &c. quin uenire faceret eum ad respondendum &c.; 
et modo, scilicet in Octabis Purificacionis beate Marie isto eodem 
lennino coram domino rege apud Westmonasterium uenit prediclus 
abbas per Thomam Croxtone attornatum suum; et habito auditu 
presentacionis predicte dicit quod ipse et omnes predecessores sui 
abbates de Egnesham racione tenure sue predicte pontem predictum 
a tempore cuius contrarii memoria hominum non existit reparare non 
consueuerunt nee de iure tenentur proui per presentacionem predictam 
supponitur, nee quod ipse, nee aliquis predecessorum suorum abbates 
loci predicti pontem predictiun nee aliquam parcellam inde reparare 
non [sic] consueuit nee debuit. Et hoc petit quod inquiratur per 
pairiam. Et Thomas Greswold, qui pro domino rege in hac parte 
sequitur similiter, &c. Ideo ueniant iurati coram domino rege a die 
Pasche in xv dies, ubicumque &c., et qui &c. ad recognoscendmn &c. ; 
quia &c. Idem dies datus est prefato abbati &c. Ad quem diem 
coram domino rege apud Westmonasterium venit predictus abbas per 
attornatum suum predictum; et uicecomes non misit inde breue. Ideo 
ut prius ueniant inde iurati coram domino rege in Octabis sancte 
Trinitatis, ubicunque &c., et qui &c. ; ad recognoscendiun &c., quia 
&c. : idem dies datus est prefato abbati &c. Ad quem diem coram | 
domino rege apud Westmonasterium uenit predictus abbas per attor- fol. 28\ 
natum suum predictum; et uicecomes retom[auit] breue domini regis 
adeo tarde &c. ; ideo ut prius ueniant inde iurati coram domino rege 
in Octabis sancti Michaelis ubicunque &c., et qui &c., ad recogno- 
scendum &c., quia &c. ; idem dies datus est prefato abbati &c. ; ad 
quem diem coram domino rege apud Westmonasterium uenit predictus 
abbas per attornatum suum predictum ; et uicecomes non misit inde 
breue ; ideo ut prius ueniant inde iurati coram domino rege in Octabis 
sancti Hillarii ubicumque &c.,etqui &c, ad recognoscendum &c., quia 
&c. ; idem dies datus est prefato abbati &c. Ad quem diem coram 
domino rege apud Westmonasterium uenit predictus abbas per 
attornatum suum predictum. Et uicecomes retom[auit] nomina 
uiginti quatuor iuratorum, quorum nullus &c. ; ideo preceptum esc 
uicecomiti, quod non omittat &c., quin distringat eos per omnes terras 
&C. ; et quod de exit[u] &c., et quod habeat corpora eorum coram 
domino rege a die Pasche in xv dies, ubicumque &c., ad faciendum 
iuratam predictam &c. ; idem dies datus est prefato abbati &c.; et 
continuato inde processu per iuratas inde positas in respectum coram 
domino rege usque a die sancti Michaelis in xv dies anno regni dicti 
regis uicesimo quarto, ubicumque &c., nisi iusticiarii domini regis ad 
assisas &c. prius die * Veneris ante festum sancte IVIargarete uirginis 

* 'dies,' MS. 



42 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

apud Oxon' per formam statuti &c., uenissent pro defectu iur[atoram] 
&c; ad quam quidem quindenam sancti Michaelis coram domino 
rege apud Westmonasterimn uenit predictus abbas per attornatum 
suum predictimi: et prefati iusticiarii ad assisas &c., coram quibus 
&c., miserunt hie recordum suum coram eis habitum in hec uerba: 
*Postea die & loco infra contends coram Willelmo Yeluertone et 
Ricardo Byngham iusticiariis domini regis ad assisas in comitatu 
Oxonie capiendas assignatis per formam statuti &c. uenit lohannes 
abbas de Egnesham in comitatu predicto per Willelmum Wayte 
attornatum suum ; et iur[ata] inpanellat[a] exact[a] similiter uen[it] ; 
et super hoc facta est proclam^io pro dicto domino rege prout iuris 
est, quod si aliquis sit, qui prefat[os] iusticparios] domini dicti aut 
attom[atum] ipsius regis de infracontentis informare uel arraiam[entum] 
panelli uel aliquem iur[atum] eiusdem panelli pro ipso rege calumpniare 
uelit, ueniat & audietur ; et nullus ad hoc faciendum se optulit. Super 
quo processum est ad capcionem iurate, unde infra fit mencio : dictique 
iuratores ad ueritatem de infracontentis dicendam electi, triati & iurati 
dicunt super sacramentum suum quod predictus abbas & omnes 
fol. 29^ predecessores sui abbates de Egnesham, racione tenure sue | unde fit 
mencio, infrascriptum pontem a tempore cuius contrarii memoria 
hominum non existit reparare non consueuerunt nee de iure tenentur 
prout per presentacionem infrascriptam supponitur, nee quod ipse, nee 
aHquis predecessorum suorum abbates loci predicti pontem predictum 
nee aliquam pareellam inde reparare non consueuit nee debuit prout 
idem abbas cum dicto domino rege infraplacitando allegauit.' Ideo 
cone[essum] est quod predictus abbas eat inde sine die &c. 
Inquiratur processus predictus inter munimenta de Catesham.^ 

609. 

Nota contra abbatem de Letley.^ 

May 37, Ad curiam legal[is] Swamot[e] tentam apud Fyueoke infra forestam 
I449* domini regis de Whichewode in comitatu Oxonie coram Viridario aliis- 

^ A detached piece of parchment, Rogerus Miltone h* 

stitched to the page, contains as follows, Ricardus Dogette h* 

' Iurati inter dominmn regem & abbatem Willelmus Faokener h' 

monasterii beate Marie de Egnesham Willelmus Dauy h* 

pro Catesham Brygge : qui dicunt super Thomas Hyde h* 

sacramentum suum uidelicet : — lohannes Halywell h* 

Ricardus Purcell h* Willelmus Hoincastelle h' 

lacobus Samwell h* Andreas Coke h'. 

Humfridus Hay h* * Letley or Netley Abbey, Hants., 

lohannes Somertone h* possessed the manor of Northlcigh. 
lohannes Collys h' 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 43 

que ministris domini regis de foresta predicta ibidem existentibus, 
xxvii die mensis Maii anno xxvii^o regis Henrici sexti, per sacramen- 
tum xii iuratorum pro domino rege, videlicet Ricardi Longe, lohannis 
Legger, Thome Waraecombe, lohannis Oxherde, Walteri Brusshe, 
Willelmi Rollerithe, lohannis Halle de Astcote, lohannis Denley, 
lohannis Candyce, lohannis Wykynge, Willelmi Halle de Short- 
hamptone, lohannis Hogges de Ramesdem [sic\ & lohannis Clyfford, 
qui dicunt quod compertum est & presentatum quod boscus abbatis 
de Egnesham, qui vocatur Hiwode, & infra metas & bundas predicte 
foreste existens, incipit apud quemdam locum vocatiun Tylgarsley 
& extendit se a predicto loco vsque boscum vocatum Coggeswode, 
prout plenius patet per certas metas & limites ab antiquo cognitas 
& factas inter Northlye & predictum boscum vocatum Hywode^ et 
extendit se a predicto | bosco vocato Coggeswode vsque boscum fol. 39^ 
abbatis de Osney, vocatum Osneywode, et a dicto bosco vocato 
Osneywode, vsque villam de Northlye, et sic ab eadem villa usque 
quemdam locum vocatum Blowynde prout patet per certas limites 
& bundes [sic] ibidem ab antiquo factas & cognitas & eciam per 
communem viam processionalem dicti abbatis & conuentus ac vicarii 
& omnium parochianorum de Egnesham tempore & diebus rogacionum 
annuatim a tempore quo memoria hominum non existit vsitatam. De 
quo quidem bosco vocato Hyewode secundum metas & bundas 
prescriptas lohannes nunc abbas de Egnesham & eiusdem loci con- 
uentus & onmes predecessores sui de tempore quo memoria hominum 
non existety fuerunt seisiti vt parsella manerii de Egnesham in puram 
& perpetuam elemosinam ex concessione domini Aelmari nuper 
comitis Cornubie fundatoris dicti monasterii de Egnesham. 

[folios 30-35 inclusive, are blank.] 



610. 

Copia carte qua traditur terra de Newebotle WiUelmo fol. 36^. 
de Stratford. 

Sciant [&c.] quod ego Godfridus dei gracia abbas Egneshamie [c ngo- 
& totus eiusdem loci conuentus dedimus & concessimus Willelmo "• -I 

de Stretford filio Willelmi unam hidam terre in Newebotle, quam 

* This clause * prout . . . Hywode ' that Radnlfus was still parson of Strat- 

seems to be displaced. It wonld make ford in 1226 (Cott. MS. Vit. £. xv. 

better sense if it occurred three lines fol. 78). The two sons of Azor were 

later, after ^ de Northlye.' alive in Jan. 119a (see nos. 108 and 

' The reason for assigning this deed 109). 
to the later years of Abbot Godfrey is 



44 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Azorius quondam uicecomes Oxenford nobis dedit: tenendam de 
nobis libere & quiete ab omni seruicio & consuetudine pro decern 
solidis reddendis nobis annuatim ad duos terminos, scilicet v s. ad 
Natiuitatem sancti lohannis Baptiste & v s. ad festum sancti Thome 
apostoli. Prefatus uero Willelmus de regio seruicio warantizabit 
predictam hidam & heredes sui post eum, qui eandem hidam pro 
supradictis decem solidis de nobis tenebunt. Hanc uero donacionem 
presentis carte attestacione, sigillorum nostrorum impressione roborate, 
dignum duximus confirmare. Hiis testibus, Reginaldo filio Azorii, 
Rogero fratre ipsius, Rogero fratre Willelmi, Radulfo persona de 
Stratford, WiUelmo nepote, Gerardo bedello, Ricardo filio Nigelli 
& multis aliis. 



6ii. 

Obligacio Willelmi de Stretford de decem solidis pro 
terris de Newebotle cuius tenor est talis. 

Mar. ag, Sciant presentes & futuri quod Willelmus de Stratford filius 
"4^ Willelmi secundi de Stratford obligaui me & heredes meos imperpe- 
tuum fide media, prestito corporaliter sacramento, deo & beate Marie 
de Egnesham & monachis ibidem deo seruientibus, quod ego & 
heredes mei fideliter persoluemus prefatis monachis decem solidos 
sterlingorum, quos Willelmus pater meus eisdem debuit pro vna hida 
terre in Newebotle, scilicet illam hidam quam Rogerus * auus patris 
mei eisdem monachis dedit eo die quo Hadewisa filia sua ibidem 
sepeliebatur, soluendos ad duos anni terminos scilicet infra quindenam 
sancti* lohannis Baptiste quinque solidos & infra duodecim dies 
Natalis Domini quinque solidos ; ita quod si ego vel heredes mei 
a solucione dictorum decem solidorum aliquando cessauerimus, con- 

foL 36\ cessi pro me & heredibus meis, | omni contradiccione & reclamacione 
postpositis, quod prefati monachi me & heredes meos per terras 
& catalla nostra vbicumque in feodo de Stratford fuerint inuenta 
compellant & distringant, vel si eisdem melius visum fuerit, foro 
ecclesiastico vel iuris contra nos utantur remedio, vt locum pro nobis 
habere non pcssit regia prohibicio, donee eisdem monachis tam de 
dictis decem solidis quam de expensis pro detencione eorundem in 
lite factis, iuxta arbitr[ium] duorum virorum legalium plene satisfeceri- 
mus. Ut autem [&c. sealing], hiis testibus, Bartol[omeo] vinitorio 

* In no. 6io it is said to have been given by Azor: we must therefore identify 
Roger with Azor. * • sancte,* MS. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 45 

de Egnesbam, Reginaldo Clement, Stephano Portar, lohanne de 

Chadlyngton, Radulfo filio [?]clerici, Radulfo de Lardar, Roberto 

Auenell, Roberto [ *] clerico & aliis. Actum amio gracie 

Mcc XLi, die Veneris ante Pascha. 



612. 

Delegado H. archiepiscopi magistro lohanni Grim & magistro 
S. de Gloucester cum sententia diffinitiua eorundem & 
confirmacione predict! H. archiepiscopi Cantuariensis 
super eandem sententiam de fructibus quatuor acrarum 
terre apud Cogges. 

H. del gracia Cantuariensis archiepiscopus, tocius Anglie primas, [iaoi-3.'l 
omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presens scriptum 
peruenerit, salutem eternam in domino. Ad uniuersitatis uesire 
volumus peruenire noticiam, quod cum causas, que vertebantur inter 
dilectos filios abbatem & monachos Egneshamie ex una parte | 
& lohannem Arsic militem ex altera, super eo quod lidem abbas & fol. 37^ 
monachi asserebant ipsum lohannem eos spoliasse fructibus quatuor 
acrarum terre & quosdam seruientes ipsius in clericos ipsorum manus 
violentas temere iniecisse, ad nos per appellacionem delatas', dilectis 
filiis magistris lohanni Grim* & Simoni de Glouernia commisissemus * 
audiendas & fine canonico decidendas, postmodum dicti abbas & 
monachi ad nos accesserunt & sentenciam ab eisdem magistris super 
eisdem causis latam nobis exhibuerunt sub hoc tenore verborum 
comprehensam • : — *Vniuersis sancte matris ecclesie filiis ad quos 
presens scriptum peruenerit magister' lohannes Grim & magister^ 
Symon de Glouernia, theologiam Oxon' legentes, salutem in vero 
salutari. Nouerit vniuersitas vestra nos litteras venerabilis patris 
nostri H. Cantuariensis archiepiscopi suscepisse in hec verba : " H. dei 
gracia Cantuariensis archiepiscopus tocius Anglie primas dilectis filiis 
magistris I. Grim & Simoni Glouernie salutem & benediccionem. Ex 
informacione * dilectorum filiorum abbatis & conuentus de Egnesham 

* illegible. chancellors of Oxford were instituted 

* John Arsic died in 1 205. This {Hist. MSS. Comm., MSS. of the Duke 
deed is evidently to be assigned to the of Rutland, iv. 83.) 

interval when the see of Lincoln was * * commisiemus,* MS. 

vacant. • * comprehensum/ MS. 

» ' delictas,' MS. ' * magysiro/ MS. 

* * Grini/ MS., and so throughout the • * infimadune/ MS. Perhaps the 
charter. John Grim was * magister word should be * insinuacione *. 
scholarum Oxonie* in 1201, before the 



46 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

accepimus, quod cum lohannes Arsic miles ipsos fnictibus quatuor 
acrarum spoliasset, & quidam seruientes eiusdem manus violentas in 
clericos ipsorum temere iniecissent, & iidem abbas & conuentus super 
hoc coram decano loci non possent iusticiam optinere, ex parte eius- 
dem abbatis ad nos fiiit appellatum ad crastinum sancti Michaelis ; quo 
die eodem abbate per procuratorem suum coram nobis appellacionem 
suam prosequente, pars aduersa minime comparuit. Hinc est quod 
quia de appellacione ilia nobis non constitit, vt sumptibus parcium ^ 
parcerimus [stc\ causas illas discreccioni uestre duximus commit- 
tendas mandantes quatinus si de appellacione ad nos taliter interposita 
uobis constiterit, convocatis illis quos propter hoc videritis conuocandps, 
eas audiatis & fine debito terminetis. Valete." Huius igitur auctoritate 
mandati, abbate & monachis de Egnesham & lohanne Arsic milite per 
procuratores suos in presentia nostra constitutis, dicti lohannis militis 
procurator coram nobis publice in iudicio spontanea voluntate confessus 
foL 37^. fuit, quod prefati | monachi de Egnesham fnictibus quatuor acrarum, 
videlicet duarum de frumento & duarum de auena, in dominico eiusdem 
lohannis Arsic in villa de Chokes per ipsum lohannem Arsic iniuste 
fuerant spoliati, & quod ius ipsorum monachorum tale est & esse 
debet, quod postquam fab[er] predicte ville de Chokes elegerit ad 
opus suum quantum ad ipsum pertinet de acris dominii eiusdem 
I. Arsic in villa de Chokes, prefati monachi quatuor acras cultas 
& promptas ad metendum, scilicet duas de frumento & duas de auena, 
quas vellent in dominio eiusdem I. Arsic * & antecessorum ' suorum de 
iure antiquo * sibi eligere consueverunt ; & fructus ipsos, quibus ipsi 
monachi fuerunt spoliati, eis in integrum restituendos esse concessit. 
Nos itaque ius & possessionem monachorum plenius attendentes 
auctoritate domini Cantuariensis qua fungebamur' fecimus ipsos 
monachos dictorum fructuum plena & pacifica possessione gaudere : 
procurator autem prefati I. militis, nomine Philippus, fidem coram 
nobis interposuit, quod perturbacioni possessionis monachorum 
nunquam acquiescet, & quod diligenciam suam adhibebit, quod ipsi 
monachi pacifica inperpetuum possessione gaudebunt Vt hec autem 
omnia perpetua possint firmitate constare, ea presenti scripto & 
sigillorum nostrorum apposicione duximus confirmanda. His testibus, 
magistro Willelmo de Sumercot'*, magistro Rogero Porrectano, 
magistro lohanne de Dolecester, domino Alardo capellano, magistro 
Henr[ico], Roberto de Clypston, lohanne de Ramsbiri, magistro 



> * procum,' MS. * * antiques,' MS. 

* * arsic in villa,' MS. * * fungcbantur,' MS. 

« ' ancessorum,' MS. * * Sumertot,' MS. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 47 

Alexandre de Niuhold* capellano, Waltero clerico de Eylesb[eri], 
lohanne Sanitore de Egnesham, Ricardo de ecclesia, Roberto socio 
suo, Willelmo [?]Sauntero & aliis multis.* Nos igitur hiis, que 
auctoritate nostra acta sunt, prout nos decet & tenemur, prouidere 
volentes, sentenciam suprascriptam, sicut a memoratis magistris I. & 
S. & auctoritate nostra racionabiliter lata' est, confirmamus & sigilli 
nostri imposicione roboramus. Hiis testibus, magistro Ricardo de 
Wiltun, Rogero de Basingham, magistro Michahele de Ringefeld, 
Roberto de Wristoll \sic\ magistro Willelmo de Beamton', Simone 
capellano, lohanne de Kent', lohanne de sancto Edmundo, Dauid de 
Rudderby et multis aliis. 



613. 

Langeley Parke, fol. 38'. 

Notum sit omnibus hominibus tam presentibus quam futuris, quod ego [htj- 
Rogerus filius Alani dedi [&c.] deo & ecclesie beate Marie Egnesham & SS'T 

monachis ibidem deo seruientibus, in puram & perpetuam elemosinam, 
terciam partem garbarum decime de dominico meo in campis de 
Langeley assensu heredum meorum pro salute anime mee & uxoris 
mee & heredum meorum & antecessorum meorum. Et ut [&c. 
sealing], hiis testibus, Ricardo fratre meo, Willelmo Foliot, Gerardo 
de Bukynham, Ada de Walingforde, Roberto filio Petri, Roberto filio 
Pagani, Radulfo filio Fulconis, Thoma Basset, Waltero archidiacono 
& Nigello* eius presbitero et multis aliis. 

[The rest of 38, all 39, & 40"" are bl^nk.] 



614. 

Registrum de acqttietanciis scribend[is] patet inferius. fol. 40^. 

Thame. Nouerint uniuersi per presentes nos lacobum Ramysden, [1414-31.] 
abbatem monasterii de Egnesham, recepisse & habuisse die con- 
feccionis presencium de abbate monasterii de Thame imdecim solidos 

^ Probably it wa« ' Niubold ' in the but in the Pipe Roll of i Ric. I the 

originaL The deed is in a later hand, holder is Richard son of Alan. This 

pcmaps of the sixteenth century, and deed therefore is between these dates, 

the scribe may have been unable to and Walter the archdeacon must be 

read the ancient hand. "Walter de Coutances (11 75-1 183), not 

' ' leta,' MS. Walter Map, whose term began in 

" Alanus held Langley at Michael- 11 96. 
mas, 1177, {Pipe Roll, Hen. II, p. 1 2) ; * * Sigello ', MS. 



48 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

legalis monete nobis & successoribus nostris de dicto abbate & 
succcssoribus suis annuatim contingentes, videlicet pro una uirgata 
terre quam de nobis tenent in Stoke Talmache, videlicet pro termino 
sancti Michaelis ultimo preterito ante datum presencium. De quibus 
quidem undecim solidis fatemur nos inde plenarie fore solut[os] per 
presentes, sigillo nostro consign[atas]. Dat' &c. anno, &c. 

SoMERTONK. Noueriut uniuersi per presentes nos lacobum Ramys- 
dyn, permissione diuina abbatem monasterii de Egnesham, recepisse 
& habuisse die confeccionis presencium de Ricardo Astone de 
Somertone decem solidos legalis monete pro redditu duarum virga- 
tarum terre in campis de Somertone predicte, videlicet pro terminis 
An[nunciacioni8] beate Marie & sancti Michaelis archangeli ultimo 
preteritps] ante datam presencium. De quibus quidem decem solidis 
fatemur nos inde plenarie fore solut[os], dictumque Ricardum, 
heredes & executores inde esse quietos, per presentes sigillo nostro 
consign[atas]. Dat' &c., anno &c. 

Chacombe. Nouerint [&c. . . .] presencium de priore de Chacombe 
tres solidos legalis monete nobis & successoribus nostris de dicto 
priore & successoribus suis annuatim contingentes. De quibus 
[&c.]. 

MiLTONE. Nouerint [&c. . . .] presencium de abbate monasterii 
de Bruera xiii s. iiii d. pro terris in campis de Miltone, videlicet pro 
terminis Annunciacionis beate Marie & sancti Michaelis ultimo [&c.] 
De quibus [&c.]. 

SuLDURNE. Nouerint [&c. . . .] presencium de rectore ecclesie de 
Sulthorne centum solidos legalis monete nobis & monasterio nostro 
de dicto rectore & successoribus suis annuatim contingentes pro 
quadam pensione exeunte de dicta ecclesia, videlicet pro terminis 
sancti Martini & Pentecostes ultimo [&c.]. De quibus [&c.]. | 
fol. 41^ Sercheden. Nouerint [&c.] . . . de rectore ecclesie de Serchedene 
tresdecim solidos & quatuor denarios nobis & monasterio nostro de 
dicto rectore & successoribus suis annuatim contingentes, pro quadam 
pensione exeunte de dicta ecclesia de Serchedene, videlicet pro termino 
sancti Michaelis archangeli vltimo [&c.]. De quibus [&c.]. 

Bartona Parua. Nouerint [&c.] . . . de rectore ecclesie de Bartona 
Parua sex solidos & octo denarios nobis & successoribus nostris de 
dicto rectore & successoribus suis annuatim contingentes, pro quadam 
pensione exeunte de dicta ecclesia pro termino sancti Michaelis 
archangeli ultimo [&c.]. De quibus [&c.]. 

Turuestone. Nouerint [&c*] . . . de rectore ecclesie de Turuestone 
quatuor solidos legalis monete nobis & successoribus nostris de dicto 
rectore & successoribus suis annuatim contingentes pro quadam 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 49 

pensione exeunte de dicta ecclesia pro termino sancti Michaelis [&c.]. 
De quibus [&c.]. 

DoRCHESTRE. Noucrint [&c] . . . de abbate de Dorchestre duo- 
decim solidos legalis monete nobis & monasterio nostro de dicto 
abbate & monasterio suo annuatim debitos pro redditu terre & 
decimis in Baldjngdon pro termino sancti Michaelis [&c.]. De 
quibus [&c.]. 

BuRCESTRS. Nouerint [&c.] . . . de priore de Burcestre duodecim 
solidos legalis monete pro decimis in Strattona, videlicet pro termino 
sancti Michaelis [&c.]. De quibus [&c.]. | 

OxoN. Pro pensione ecclesie sancte Ebbe. Nouerint [&c.] . . . de fol. 41^. 
rectore ecclesie sancte Ebbe, Oxon', xiii s. iiii d. nobis & monasterio 
nostro de dicto rectore & successoribus suis annuatim contingentes, 
pro quadam pensione exeunte de dicta ecclesia pro termino sancti 
Michaelis [&c.]. De quibus [&c.]. 

RoLLYNGRYTHE. Noucrint [&c.] . . . dc rectore ecclesie de Rollyng- 
rythe Parua decem solidos legalis monete pro quadam pensione 
annuatim exeunte de dicta ecclesia pro termino sancti Michaelis [&c.]. 
De quibus [&c.]. 

Clyftone Mylle. Nouerint [&c] . . . de priore de Burcestre xl s. 
nobis & monasterio nostro de dicto priore & monasterio suo annuatim 
debitos pro molendino vocato Clyfton mylle pro terminis Annuncia- 
cionis beate Marie & sancti Michaelis [&c.]« De quibus [&c.]. 

Dotard Mylle. Nouerint [&c.] . . • de [ *] Somertone xx s. 

pro reddim molendini vocati Dotard mylle pro terminis Annunciacionis 
beate Marie & sancti Michaelis [&c.]. De quibus [&c.]. 

Clerkynmylle. Nouerint [&c] . • . de abbate monasterii de 
Cirencestre x s. nobis & monasterio nostro de dicto abbate & monasterio 
suo annuatim debitos pro redditu de Clerkynmylle videlicet pro termino 
sancti Michaelis [&c.]. De quibus [&c.]. 

Bannebury.* Nouerint uniuersi per presentes nos lohannem [1449.] 
Quenyngton, permissione diuina abbatem monasterii beate Marie de 
Egnesham, recepisse & habuisse die confeccionis presencium de 
lohanne [ ^] vicario ecclesie de Banbury & lohanna nuper 

uxore lohannis I^uers, executoribus' testamenti dicti lohannis 
Danuers, septem libras, tresdecim solidos & quatuor denarios pro 
firma granorum, decimarum & reddituum in Bannbury, Cropridy, 
Herdewyke, Bodycote & Clatercote nobis & monasterio nostro 
prouenient[ium], scilicet pro terminis Annunciacionis beate Marie 

c 

^ Blank in the MS. see Memorials of the Danvers Family^ 

' This is added in ano&cr hand. p. loi (by F. N. Macnamaiu). 
John Danrers died shortly after 1448: ' 'execntores/ MS. 



50 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

& Nativitatis sancte lobannis Baptiste, ulterius preteritis. De quibus 
quidem septem libris, tresdecim solidis, & quatuor denariis, fatemur 
nos inde fore solut[o8], dictumque lohannem & lohannam esse 
quietos per presentes. Data &c. 



615. 

fol. 49^ Eynesham. Noua terra. 

1366. Redditus tenementorum & terrarum noue teire mensuratorum per 
Gal&idum abbatem, anno domini mccclxvi. 

lobannes de Wjgyntone tenet vnum cotagium cum crofto ex 
opposito le Huthecrofte, continent* in vno capite iuxta viam regiam 
ii perticas, v pedes, et in alio capite iii perticas; & in latere continet 
xix perticas [&] dimidiam. £t sic continet i rodam, xi perticas, 
iiii quart[eria] pertice/ i pedem, iii partes pedis, ii digitos. 

Summa redditus xv d. qua[drans], diniidi[usj qua[drans], 
quarta pars qua[drantis]. 
Henricus Halewy tenet i cotagium cum crofto, & continet in capite 
occidentali ii perticas, iiii pedes, & in alio capite iuxta viam regiam 
ii perticas, quart[erium], ii pedes ; & in latere xx perticas, dimidiam, 
ii pedes. £t sic continet i rodam, vii perticas, iii quart[eria] pertice, 
dimidium pedem, iiii digitos minus quan[a] pars [stc] grani. 

Summa redditus xiiii d. qua[drans], quarta pars qua[drantis]. 
Thomas Frankelejm tenet i cotagium cum crofto, & continet in 
capite iuxta viam regiam ii perticas, ii pedes, & in alio capite ii perticas, 
iii pedes ; & in latere xx perticas, dimidiam, i pedem : £t sic continet 
i rodam, iiii perticas, dimidiam perticam, i pedem, i digitum. 
Summa redditus xiii d. qua. 
Henricus Halewy tenet vnum tenementum sine crofto & continet 
in capite iuxta viam regiam x perticas, dimidiam, & in alio capite 
dimidiam perticam ; & in latere recto xvii perticas. Et sic continet 
dimidiam acram, xiii perticas, dimidiam. 

Summa redditus ii s. iiii d. 
Willelmus Sclatter tenet i tenementum cum crofto, & continet in 
capite iuxta viam regiam versus boream vii perticas, dimidiam, St in 
capite inferiori viii perticas, quart[erium], iii pedes ; & in vno latere 
iuxta viam regiam xxi perticas, & in alio latere xx perticas, 
qua[rterium]. £t sic continet i acram, v perticas, quart[erium] 
pertice, ii pedes, ii digitos. 

Sunmia redditus iiii s. i d. ob., quarta pars qua[drantis]. 

i*partit,*MS. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 51 

lohannes Vyncent tenet vnum tenementum cum crofto cont[inens] 
per viam regiam in capite vi perticas, quart[erium], & in alio capite 
vi perticas, iii pedes ; & in latere xx perticas, i quart[erium]. £t sic 
continet dimidiam acram, i rodam, vi perticas, dimidiam perticam, 
quart[erium] pertice, dimidium pedem, quart[erium] pedis, ii digitos, 
i granum. 

Summa redditus iii s. i A ob. qua. dimpdium] qua., quarta 
pars qua[drantis]. | 
lohanna atte Hulle tenet vnum tenementum cum crofto cont[inens] fol. 43^. 
ad vnum caput iuxta viam regiam iiii perticas, i quart[erium], & in 
alio capite iiii perticas, iii pedes; & in vno latere xxi perticas, 
iii pedes, & in alio latere xx perticas, iii quart[eria]. Et sic continet 
dimidiam acram, ix perticas, vi pedes, dimidiam pedem, iii digitos. 
Summa redditus ii s. ii d. ob. qua. 
lohannes Vyncent tenet aliud tenementum cum' crofto cont[inens] 
in capite iuxta viam regiam iiii perticas, quart[erium], i pedem, & ad 
aliud caput iii perticas, dimidiam perticam, ii pedes ; & ad latus xxi 
perticas, dimidiam perticam, iii pedes. £t sic continet dimidiam acram, 
iiii perticas, ii pedes, quart[erium] ped[is], i digitum. 

Summa redditus ii s. i d., dimid. qua., quarta pars qua[drantis]. 
Willelmus Sclatt[er] tenet aliud tenementum cum crofto conti[nens] 
iuxta viam regiam i perticam, dimidiam, ii pedes, & in alio capite 
ii perticas, dimidiam ; & in latere xxvii perticas. £t sic continet i 
rodam, xv perticas, iii pedes, dimidiiun pedem, i digitmn. 
Summa redditus xvi d. ob. dim. qua. 
lohannes atte Halle tenet vnum cotagium cum crofto cont[inen8] ad 
caput iuxta viam regiam ii perticas, dimidiam, ii pedes, & in alio capite 
ii perticas, quarterium, & in latere xxvii perticas. Et sic continet i 
rodam, dimidiam rodam, v perticas, dimidiam perticam, v pedes. 

Summa redditus xix d. ob., dim. qua. : unde lohannes Vyncent 
tenet iuxta viam regiam vnam placeam non edificatam & 
continet in se in quadrum dimidiam perticam, i pedem ; 
pro redditu dim. qua. 
Summa acrarum predictarum v acr', dim. rod, v pertic', 
quart[erium] pertice, dim. ped', & quart[erium] pedps], & 
i digitum preter quartam partem grani. 
Summa redditus predicti xx s. vi d. ob., dim. qua., & quarta 
pars qua[drantis]. 
Pars Aquilonarts : — 

Ricardus L3mde tenet vnam placeam non edificatam pro parte cum 
crofto, & continet in vno capite versus viam regiam v | perticas, iii fol. 43' 
pedes ; et in capite versus Cattesbrayne continet quatuor perticas, & 

£ 2 



52 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

in latere continet xxii perticas; et sic continet dimidiam acram, 
dimidiam rodam, xii perticas, i pedem, dimldium pedem, & quartam 
partem pedis. Vnde Editha Marche tenet vnum tenementum edificatum, 
habens in capite versos viam regiam ii perticas, & in alio i perticam, 
dimidiam perticam, quartam partem pertice; et in longitudine xii 
perticas, dimidiam perticam, quartam partem pertice : et sic continet 
dimidiam rodam, v perticas, quartam partem pertice, ii pedes, dimi- 
dium pedem, ii digitos, dimidium granum. 

Summa redditus ii s. ix d. ob. ; vnde Editha vii d. ob. & 
quarta pars qua[drantis]. 
Dionisia Irlonde tenet vnum tenementum cum croflo, contpnens] 
in capite iuxta viam regiam vi perticas, dimidiam perticam, i pedem ; 
et in alio capite continet iiii perticas ; & in longitudine continet xxi 
perticas : et sic continet dimidiam acram, dimidiam rodam, vii perticas, 
dimidiam perticam, quartam partem pertice, iii pedes, quartam partem 
pedis, i digitum, dimidium granum. Vnde Johannes Bamptone tenet 
xvii perticas, dimidiam perticam in vno tenemento edificato cum 
curtilagio adiacente. 

Summa redditus ii s. vii d. qua., quarta pars qua[drantis], 
vnde supradictus * Johannes Bamptone v d. qua, 
Thomas Schermon tenet i tenementum nuncupatum aulam; et 
continet in capite versus viam regiam vii perticas, iii pedes, & in alio 
capite vii perticas, preter i pedem; et in longitudine continet vii 
perticas : et sic continet cum curtilagio i rodam, ix perticas, vii pedes. 
Caput vnum crofti eiusdem continet vii perticas, dimidiam perticam, 
quartam partem pertice ; aliud caput continet vii perticas, ii pedes ; et 
longitudo continet xiii perticas, iii pedes. Et sic in crofto dimidia 
acra, xix pertice, v pedes, dimidium ped[em], quart[am] part[em] 
pedis. 

Summa redditus tenementi & crofti iii s. viii d. ob. 
Willelmus Sclatter tenet i tenementum cum crofto, vnde tenementum 
continet in capite per viam regiam iii perticas, dimidiam perticam ; et 
in alio capite continet iii perticas, iiii parte[m] [sic] pertice, et in 
longitudine vii perticas, dimidiam perticam : Et sic continet tenementum 
cum curtilagio xxv perticas, quartam partem pertice, i pedem preter iii 
partes grani. Croft[um] eiusdem in vno capite continet iiii perticas, & 
i nalio capite continet iiii perticas, iii pedes ; et in longitudine continet 
xii perticas, dimidiam perticam, iii pedes. Et sic in crofto i roda, xii 
pertice, iiii pedes. 

Summa redditus xxiii d. quarta pars qua. | 

» « Sr',' MS 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 53 

Auicia Laujrntone tenet i tenementum cum crofto, & in capite iuxta foL 43^. 
viam regiam continet ii perticas preter i pedem,*& in alio capite i 
perticam, dimidiam perticam; & [in *] longitudine vii perticas, qiiartam 
partem pertice, iii pedes : £t sic continet tenementum cum curdlagio 
xiiii perticas, quartam partem pertice, i pedem, dimidium pedem, 
quartam partem pedis, iii digitos. Et in vno capite crofi[um] continet 
ii perticas, & in alio capite ii perticas, ii pedes, & in longitudine continet 
ziii perticas. £t sic in crofto xxvi pertice, dimidia pertica, quarta pars 
pertice, i pes^ quarta pars pedis, i granum. 

Summa redditus zii d. qua. 
Walterus Ryng tenet i tenementum cum crofto, cuius vnum caput 
versus viam regiam continet ii perticas, iii pedes, in alio capite 
iii perticas : in longitudine vii perticas, quartam partem ' pertice, 
iii pedes: et sic continet xix perticas, dimidiam perticam, quartam 
partem pertice, iii pedes, preter i digitum. Croft[um] eiusdem in 
capite continet ii perticas, ii pedes : in alio capite continet ii perticas, 
i pedem. Et sic in crofto xxvii pertice, dimidia pertica, quart[erium], 
ii pedes, iii digitos. 

Summa redditus [ *]. 

lohannes Edward tenet i cotagium sine crofto, & continet per 
viam regiam i perticam, dimidiam perticam, quartam partem pertice, 
vnum pedem; et in alio capite i perticam, dimidiam perticam; in 
longitudine continet vii perticas, ii pedes. Et continet xii perticas, 
i pedem, dimidium pedem, ii digitos. 

Summa redditus iii d. ob. 
Henricus Deyesone tenet vnum mesuagimn cum croflo, cuius 
mesuagium iuxta viam regiam continet ii perticas, quartam partem 
pertice, ii pedes, & in alio' continet ii perticas, dimidiam, quartam 
partem pertice; et in longitudine continet vii perticas; et sic in 
mesuagio cum curtilagio continet xvii perticas, dimidiam perticam, 
quartam partem pertice, iii pedes, i digitum, i granum: et in vno 
capite crofti eiusdem continet iiii perticas, ii pedes; in alio capite 
continet iiii perticas; in longitudine xiii perticas: et sic in crofto 
i roda, xii pertice, dimidia pertica, quarta pars pertice, i pes, quarta 
pars pedis, i granum. 

Summa redditus xxi d. dim. qua. 
Nicholaus Colons de antiqua tenura. 

Elena Riches tenet vnum tenementum cum crofto, cuius tenementum 
in capite iuxta viam regiam continet vi perticas preter vnum pedem, | 
et in alio capite v perticas, dimidiam perticam, iii pedes ; et in longitu- foL 44'. 

> omitted in MS. » ' ped',' MS. * quarta par^' MS, 

* Blank in MS. * Supply * capite \ 



54 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

dine vii perticas, dimidiam. £t sic continet tenementum cum curtilagio 
xxxix perticas, dimidiam perticam, quartam partem pertice, i pedem, 
diraidium pedem, ii digitos, Et in capite crofti continet v perticas, 
ii pedes ; in alio capite continet v perticas, i pedem ; in longitudine 
continet xiii perticas, iii pedes. Et sic in crofto i roda, xxvii pertice, 
dimidia pertica, preter vnum digitum. 

Smnma redditus ii s. viii d quarta pars qua. 
Robertus le Strynger tenet vnum tenementum [cum'] croft[o], 
& continet per viam regiam v perticas, & in alio capite iiii perticas, 
iiii pedes; in vno latere continet xx perticas, dimidiam perticam, 
iii pedes; in alio latere continet xix perticas, dimidiam perticam. 
Et sic continet dimidiam acram, xiii perticas, ii pedes, dimidium 
pedem, quartam partem pedis, ii digitos. 

Summa redditus ii s. iii d. ob. qua., dim. qua. 
Summa acrarum istius partis, iiii acre, dimidia acra, i roda, dimidia 
roda, xi pertice, quarta pars pedis, i digitus, iii partes grani. 
Summa redditus xix s. viii d. 
Pars ex opposito Elene Ryches : — 

Willelmus lakkes tenet croftum quondam Ricardi dame Eleyne 
[sic], & continet in capite oriental! versus le Huthecrofte xxx perticas, 
dimidiam perticam ; in capite ex opposito illius xxii perticas ; in latere 
aquilonari iuxta viam regiam continet xxi perticas, dimidiam perticam ; 
in latere australi ex opposito huius xxi perticas. Et sic continet cum 
hays* [sic] iii acras, i rodam, dimidiam rodam, xviii perticas, dimidiam 
perticam, quartam partem pertice, vnum pedem, i digitum. Et in 
eodem crofto ex parte australi est vna placea plantata arboribus, 
& continet in capite versus Huthecrofte v perticas, dimidiam perticam ; 
in alio capite continet iii perticas, dimidiam perticam ; & in longitudine 
xii perticas. Et sic continet i rodam, xiiii perticas. 

Summa redditus xv s. iii d. ob. qua. quarta pars qua. 
Est vna placea ibidem ad caput eiusdem crofti, & est in manus 
domini, & continet in capite versus viam regiam v perticas, & in alio 
capite iiii perticas, & continet in longitudine xxi perticas. Et sic 
continet in toto dimidiam acram, xiiii perticas, dimidiam perticam. 
Summa redditus ii s. iiii d. qua. | 
fol. 44^ Isabella Bollynge tenet vnum tenementum cum crofto, & continet in 
capite iuxta viam regiam ii perticas, dimidiam perticam, ii pedes; 
in alio capite continet ii perticas, dimidiam perticam : et sic continet 
i rodam, xii perticas, dimidiam perticam & vnum pedem preter vnum 
granum. 

Summa redditus xv d. ob. qua. 

1 Omitted in MS. < 'bails,' hedges. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 55 

Willelmus le Baker tenet vnum tenementum cum crofto, & continet 
in capite iuxta viam regiam iiii perticas, ii pedes, dimidium pedem ; 
et in alio capite continet iii perticas, dimidiam perticam, ii pedes: 
& in longitudine xx perticas, dimidiam perticam. £t sic continet 
i rodam, dimidiam rodam, xix perticas, dimidiam perticam, quartam 
partem pertice, i pedem, iii digitos. 

Summa redditus xxiii d. ob. qua., quarta pars qua. 
lohannes Bamptone (alias Webbe ') tenet vnum tenementum cum 
crofto, & continet in capite iuxta viam regiam iii perticas, dimidiam 
perticam, ii pedes, & in alio capite continet iiii perticas, i pedem, & in 
longitudine xx perticas, quartam partem; et sic continet i rodam, 
dimidiam rodam, xix perticas, iiii pedes, iii partes pedis, i granum. 
Summa redditus xxiii d. ob., dim. qua. 
Ricardus Belegrave tenet vnum tenementimi cum crofto, & continet 
in capite iuxta viam regiam v perticas, & in alio capite iiii perticas, 
quart[erium] pertice, & in longitudine continet xxi perticas, quarterium 
pertice, dimidium quarterium pertice. £t sic continet dimidiam acram, 
xix perticas, dimidiam perticam, iii pedes, dimidium pedem preter 
vnum granum : vnde in pede dicti crofti ex opposito teneraenti 
Henrici Halewy est vnum tenementum dictimi aliquando Pryuyte: 
et continet in toto xii perticas. 

Summa redditus ii s. v d. ob. qua., vnde pro tenemento 
Pryuyte iii d. ob. 
lohannes Blake tenet vnum tenementum cum crofto, quondam 
vocatum Goseford, & continet in capite iuxta viam regiam i perti- 
cam, dimidiam perticam, iiii pedes; in capite inferiori curtilag[ii] 
versus croftum | continet v perticas, vi pedes ; & in latere recto fol. 45''. 
continet viii perticas: et sic continet dictum tenementum cum 
ciutilagio xxviii perticas, dimidiam perticam, i pedem, preter i digitum. 
Croftum eiusdem continet in capite superiori v perticas, vi pedes; 
in capite inferiori iuxta Huthecroft xiii perticas, & in latere recto 
versus austrum continet xxi perticas : et sic croftum continet i acram, 
dimidiam rodam, xiii perticas, dimidium pedem. 
Summa redditus v s. vi d. qua., dim. qua. 
Summa acrarum viii acre, i roda, iiii pertice, dimidia pertica 

preter i granum. 
Summa redditus xxiii s. dim. qua. 

Summa omnium acrarum tocius none terre xviii acre, i roda, 
dimidia roda, iii partes pertice, i pes *, dim. pes •, i digitus, 
i granum, dim. granum. 
Summa tocius redditus noue terre Ixxiii s. xi d. dim. qua. 
* These two words are inserted above the line. * * ped,* MS. 



56 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Rentale de noua terra de Egnesham : — 

lohannes W7g3aitone xv d. dim. qua., & quarta pars qua. 

Henricus Halewy xiiii d. quarta pars qua. 

Thomas Frauncleyne xiii d. qua. 

Henricus Halewy ii s. iiii d. 

Heredes Ricardi Tuwe iiii s. i d. ob., quarta pars qua. 

lohannes Vjmcent iii s. i d. ob. qua., dim. qua., quarta pars qua. 

lohanna atte HuUe ii s. ii d. ob. qua. 

lohannes Vyncent ii s. i d. dim. qua., quarta pars qua. 

. Willelmus Sdatter xvi d. ob., dim. qua. 

lohannes atte Halle xix d. ob., dim. qua. 

Ricardus Lynde ii s. i d. ob. qua., dim. qua., quarta pars qua. 

Editha Marche, nichil a xvii annis vii d. ob., quarta pars qua. 

Dionisia Irlonde ii s. iii d. quarta pars qua. 

lohannes Bamptone v d. qua. | 

fol. 45^. Thomas Shermon iii s. viii d. ob. 

Willehnus Sclatter zxm d. quarta pars qua. 

Auicia Lauenton xii d. qua. 

Walterus Rynge xiiii d. qua. 

lohannes Edward iii d. ob. 

Henricus Deyesone xxi d. dim. qua. 

Elena Ryches ii s. viii d. quarta pars qua. 

Robertus Strynger ii s. iii d. ob. qua., dim. qua. 

Dominus lohannes PateshuUe xv s. iii d. ob. qua., quarta pars qua. 

lohannes Broghtone ii s. iiii d. qua. 

Isabella Bollyng xv d. ob. qua. 

Agnes Lewes xxiii d. ob. qua., quarta pars qua. 

lohannes Webbe ii s. i d. dim. qua. 

Ricardus Lynde xxiii d. ob., dim. qua* 

Ricardus Belegraue pro ii tenementis ii s. ii d. qua. 

Tenementum Pryuyte iii d. ob. 
lohannes Blake pro tenemento Goseforde v s. vi d. qua., dim. qua. 
Summa Ixxiii s. xi d. qua. : et sic de incremento xx s. viii d qua. 



6i6. 

fol. 46'. Rolendryght 

X363. Inquisicio capta apud RoUendryght' super valore & extent[a] 
manerii, anno domini millesimo ccclxiiio & anno domini Galfridi 
abbatis monasterii de Egnesham duodecimo. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 57 

In primis inuentum est, quod est de fundacione ecclesie de 
Egnesham de dono magni Almari^ 

Aysiamentum domonim manerii deductis expensis valet annuatim 
vi s. viii d. 
Est ibidem unum columbare, & valet per annum iii s. iiii d. 
Sunt in crofto superiori gardini ex parte boreali tres acre, dimidia 
roda, & nouem pertice, & valet acra viii d. 

Summa denariorum ii s. i d. ob. 
Sunt in crofto inferiori manerii vna acra & vna roda, & valent 
viiid. 

Summa denariorum viii d. 
Est vna cultura ex parte austraii de Smallebrok' a prato vsque le 
More sub le Hethe, & continet quatuordecim acras, dimidiam acram 
& octodedm perticas, & valet acra viii d. 

Summa denariorum ix s. ix d. 
Est vna cultura ibidem inter le Mere sub le Hegge & aliam Meram 
propinquiorem ville tendens in duas seliones iacentes in longum 
iuxta Smallebroke in longitudine, & continet cum capitalibus quinque 
acras, dimidiam acram, vnam rodam & decem perticas ; & dicte due 
seliones continent vnam rodam & quatuordecim perticas, & valet 
acra vi d. 

Summa denariorum ii s. x d. | 
Est vna cultura ibidem tendens in pasturam nuncupatam le Reede fol. 46^. 
ex parte superiori & clausum manerii ex parte inferiori, vsque le 
buttes, & continet tres acras, dimidiam acram, vnam rodam, & 
quinque perticas, & valet acra vi d. 

Summa denariorum xxii d. ob. qua. 
Est vna cultura ibidem nuncupata le Buttes, tendens in pasturam 
predictam & grangiam manerii, & continet tres acras, dimidiam jodam, 
& tresdecim perticas, &, valet acra iiii d. 

Summa denariorum xii d. ob. qua. 
Est vna cultura ibidem nuncupata Merestonpece, & continet duas 
acras, vnam rodam &, quatuor perticas, & valet acra i d. 
Summa denariorum ii d. qua. 
Est vna cultura in eodem campo quondam tenendum nunc in 
manus domini iacens sub le Mereston, versus campum de Salford, 
& continet quatuor acras, dimidiam acram, dimidiam rodam & 
quinque perticas, & valet acra iiii d. 

Summa denariorum xviii d. ob. qua. 

^ If Rollright was giTen by i^thel- of Eynsham, for it is not mentioned in 
mar, it was not given at the foundation the fotmdation charter. 



58 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Est vna cultura nuncupata Cou[m]beslade & continet tresdecim 
acras, & valet acra i d. 

Summa denarionim xiii d. 
Est vna cultura vltra bercariam manerii ex parte occidental! & 
boreali nuncupata Dedelonde extra le Hoste vsque Holwellesyche, 
& continet cum terra tenencium iam in manus domini septem acras 
& vnam rodam, & valet acra iiii d. 

Summa denariorum ii s. v d. 
Est vna cultura vltra croftimi manerii nuncupata Leyecrofte, & 
continet tres acras & dimidiam acram, & valet acra iiii d. 
fol. 47*. Summa denariorum xiii d. | 

Alius Campus : — 

Est vna cultura extra villam ex parte orientali ad modum scuti, 
inter duas vias, & continet septem acras, dimidiam acram, vnam 
rodam, dimidiam rodam & septem perticas, & valet acra iiii d. 
Sununa denariorum ii s. vii d. ob. qua. 
Est vna cultura sub cultura predicta a villa usque le Mere tendens 
in Smallebroke ex parte boreali, & continet cum selionibus iacentibus 
in longum iuxta Smallebroke septemdecim acras & dimidiam rodam, 
& valet acra viii d. 

Summa denariorum xi s. v d. 
Est vna cultura ibidem a dicto Mere vsque pratum tendens in viam 
& Smallebroke ex parte boreali, & continet quindecim acras & octo- 
decim perticas, & valet acra viii d. 

Summa denariorum x s. i d. 
Est vna cultura ibidem iacens in longum per viam abuttans super 
dictam culturam Sc pratum, Sc continet tres acras, dimidiam acram & 
vndecim perticas, & valet acra viii d. 

Summa denariorum ii s. iiii d. ob. 
Est vna cultura ad capud de Saltgras nuncupata Wythyhullebuttes, 
& continet dimidiam acram, unam rodam & dimidiam rodam, & valet 
acra ii d. 

Summa i d. ob. qua. 
Est vna cultura sub Saltegras tendens in Brodestrete, & continet 
duas acras, vnam rodam, dimidiam rodam & sexdecim perticas, & valet 
acra ii d. 

Summa denariorum v d. 
fol. 47^. Est vna cultura inferius ibidem tendens in le Brodeweye | nuncupata 
Brodeweyfurlong & erat terra tenencium, & continet preter terram 
rectoris in eadem cultura decem acras, dimidiam acram, dimidiam 
rodam & quatuor perticas, & valet acra x d. 

Summa denariorum viii s. x d. ob. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 59 

Est vna cultura ibidem ^ a dicta cultura nuncupata Dedelonde iuxta 
Holeweye, & continet duas acras, dimidiam acram, vnam rodam 
& quatuor perticas, & valet acra ii d. 

Summa denarionim v d. ob. 
Est vna cultura nuncupata Holweyestretesfiirlong, & continet septem 
acras, vnam rodam, dimidiam rodam & duodecim perticas, & valet 
acra ii d. 

Siunma denariorum.xv d. 
Est vna cultura nuncupata Luttelsladespece, & continet duas acras, 
dimidiam acram, dimidiam rodam & quindedm perticas, & valet 
acraii d. 

Summa denariorum v d. ob. 
Est vna cultura nuncupata Elnorrefurlonge de terra tenendum in 
manus domini, & continet quatuor acras & dimidiam acram, & valet 
acra iiii d. 

Summa denariorum xviii d. 
Est ibidem vna cultura de dominicis nuncupata Knorrespece, & 
continet vnam acram & dimidiam acram, & valet acra ii d. 
Summa denariorum iii d. 
Est vna cultura ibidem ex parte occidentali sub le Knorre, & 
continet quatuor acras, vnam rodam & quindecim perticas, & valet 
acra iiii d. 

Summa denariorum xvii d. ob. 
Est vna cultura nuncupata Luttelsladespece, & continet quinque 
acras, vnam rodam & septem perticas, & valet acra ii d. 
Summa denariorum x d. ob. qua. 
Est vna cultura quatuor selioniun sub WythyhuUe in | campo de fol. 48.^ 
Magna Rolendryght, & continet duas acras, vnam rodam, dimidiam 
rodam & quindecim perticas, & valet acra ii d. 
Simima*denariorum v d. 
Est vna cultura ibidem sex selionum, & continet duas acras, & valet 
acra ii d. 

Summa denariorum iiii d. 
Est vna cultura ibidem quatuor selionum ex parte boreali, & con- 
tinet vnam acram & nouem perticas, & valet acra ii d. 
Summa denariorum ii d. qua« 
Summa acrarum terre arabilis cl acre, i roda & ii pertice. 
Summa extente dictarum acrarum Ixiiii s. iii d. ob.; et sic 
pro qualibet acra secundum mains & minus v d., dim. 
qua., & i d. ob. plus in toto. 
Sunt duo campi tam de dominicis quam de tenentibus super le 
Downe, qui non mensurantur, quia istis temporibus non seminantur, 
* Supply * tendens '. 



6o CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

quoram vnus seminabatur vno anno & alius alio anno. lam dominus 
habet vnum separale vno anno, & alium alio, vsque gulam Augusti. 

Pasture. Est vna pastura nuncupata Saltegras, & continet decern 
acras, dimidiam acram & dimidiam rodam, & valet acra vi d. 
Summa denariorum v s. iiii d. ob. 
Est vna pastura in WythyhuUefurlong sub cultura sex selionum, 
& continet dimidiam rodam &, septem perticas, & valet in toto viii d. 
Summa denariorum viii d. 
Est vna pastura ibidem sub cultura quatuor selionimi, & continet 
vnam rodam, dimidiam rodam & quinque perticas, & valet iiii d. 
Summa denariorum iiii d. 
foL 48^* Est vna pastura ibidem ex parte boriali in eadem cultura, | & con- 
tinet dimidiam acram & vnam rodam, & valet viii d. 
Summa denariorum viii d. 
Est vna parua pastura inter Brodewejfurlong & Luttelsladespece, 
& valet iiii d. 

Summa denariorum iiii d. 
Est vna pastura ad capud de Luttelslade, & continet vnam rodam, 
& valet ii d. 

Summa denariorum ii d. 
Est vna pastura nuncupata le Rede : continet in toto cum les buttes 
in parte superiori quinque acras & vnam rodam, & valet acra iiii d. 
Summa denariorum xxi d. 
Est vna pastura nimcupata le Reemede, & continet vnam acram, 
vnam rodam, dimidiam rodam & tresdecim perticas, & valet acra iiii d. 
Summa denariorum v d. ob. qua. 
Est vna pastura nuncupata Byxemore, & continet duas acras & octo 
perticas, & valet acra vi d. 

Summa denariorum xii d. ob. 
Pastura de Smalbroke valet xii d. 

Summa denariorum xii d. 
Summa acrarum pasture preter Smalbroke & Brodeweye- 
furlong XX acre, dimidia acra, i roda, dimidia roda, 
xiii pertice. 
Summa extente dictarum pasturarum xi s. ix d. ob. qua. | 
foL 49^ Prata. In prato ex parte boreali de Smalbroke dominus habet tres 
pecias. In prima pecia propinquiori Brodeweye sunt tres acre, dimidia 
roda, 8c quinque pertice. In secunda pecia sunt tres acre, dimidia acra, 
vna roda & septem pertice. In tercia pecia nuncupata Flexlete sunt 
quatuor acre & quindecim pertice. 

In prato ex parte australi de Smalbroke versus Salforde dominus 
habet tres pecias. In prima pecia propinquiori Smalbroke sunt tres 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 6i 

acre & vna roda. In secunda pecia sunt due acre, dimidia acra, 

dimidia roda & quatuor pertice. In tercia pecia sunt vna acra, 

dimidia acra, dimidia roda & octo pertice, & valet quelibet acra xvi d. 

Summa acrarum xviii acre, dimidia acra, & xix pertice. 

Summa extente earundem xxiiii s. x d. 

Rector & tenentes habent in primo prato vnam peciam vocatam 
Shrouedole, & continet vnam rodam & nouem perticas. Idem habent 
in secunda pecia duas acras, dimidiam acram, vnam rodam & duo- 
decim perticas. Idem habent in tercia pecia tres acras, dimidiam 
rodam, & septem perticas. Idem habent in quarta pecia iuxta Smal- 
broke duas acras & dimidiam acram. Idem habent in secundo prato 
ex parte australi de Smalbroke duas acras, dimidiam acram & quatuor- 
decim perticas. Idem habent in secimda pecia vnam acram, dimidiam 
acram, vnam rodam & quatuordecim perticas. Idem habent in tercia 
pecia vnam acram, vnam rodam & octo perticas. 

Summa xiiii acre, dimidia acra & iiii pertice, que diuidebantur 
xii virgatariis & rectori, vt vni eorum, & quia iam supersunt tantum- 
modo quatuor virgatarii & rector, dominus habet in manu sua septem 
porciones dicti prati, que se extendunt ad septem acras, dimidiam 
acram, vnam rodam & tresdecim perticas, & valet acra xvi d. 
Summa denariorum xs.vd.ob. | 

Tenentes. lohannes Robyns natiuus domini tenet vnam virgatam fol. 49^. 
terre cum pertinenciis in bondagium, & habet triginta tres acras terre 
campestres nunc ad firmam pro x solidis per annum, vel in loco duo- 
decim denarionmi dicti redditus, si dominus voluerit, dabit sex gallinas 
ante Natale Domini. Idem fapiet aueragium vsque Egnesham ante 
Natale Domini, & valet ii d. ; idem arabit semel in hyeme cum quanto 
habuerit in caruca sua sine cibo domini, & valet opus vi d. ; idem 
herciabit per vnum diem, & valet opus ii d. ob. ; idem falcabit per 
quatuor dies cum vno homine, 8c valet opus cuiuslibet diei v d. ; idem 
cariabit fenum domini per vnum diem cum vicino suo adiuncto, & 
valet opus ipsius iii d. ; idem faciet tres bederipas cum duobus 
hominibus per tres dies sine cibo domini, & valet opus cuiuslibet per 
diem iii d. ; idem faciet quartam bederipam cum duobus hominibus 
per vnum diem ad cibum domini, & valet opus vnius per diem ii d. ; 
non maritabit filium neque filiam sine licencia domini, non vendet 
pullum masculiun sibi pullenatum sine licencia domini ; dabit tolnetum 
si braciet ad tabemam, videlicet i d. ; faciet finem pro ingressu ad 
voluntatem domini ; dabit herietum &c. Ipse cum vicmis suis quando 
numerus fuit plenus, tempore falcacionis habuit dimidium quarterium 
frumenti, vnimi multonem secundum meliorem vel xii d., vnum pek' 
salis, vnum caseum precii iii d. ; et si fuerit prepositus erit quietus de 



62 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

omnibus predictis seniiciis 6c habebit vaccam euntem cum vaccis 
domini in estate. 

Godefridus Abouetone virgatarius reddet & faciet in omnibus sicut 
predictus lohannes. 

lohannes Vycory virgatarius reddet & faciet in omnibus sicut pre- 
dictus lohannes. 

Idem lohannes Vycory & Ricardus le Shepehirde tenent vnam 
virgatam ; reddent & facient sicut predictus lohannes. 

Ricardus le Carter tenet tenementum quondam Hugonis Cassen 
cum quatuor acris terre campestribus pro redditu xviii d. ; idem 
operabitur circa fenum leuandum, dum necesse fuerit, & valet xii d. ; 
idem faciet tres bederipas cum vno homine sine cibo domini, & valet 
* opus diei iii d. ; idem faciet quartam bederipam ad cibum domini & 

fol. so', valet ii d. ; idem recipiet fenum | in curia domini quociens necesse 
fuerit, & valet iiii d. ; faciet finem pro ingressu ad voluntatem domini ; 
dabit herietimi & alia sicut lohannes Robjnis. 

Summa extente domorum manerii, columbaris & croftorum xii s. 
ix d. ob. 

Summa extente terrarum Ixiiii s. iii d. ob. 

Summa extente pasturarum xi s. ix d. qua. 

Simima extente pratorum dominicorum & tenentium in manus 
domini xxxv s. iii d. ob. 

Summa redditus xii s. vi d. 

Summa extente arurarum xx d. 

Siunma extente herciaturarum x d. 

Summa extente aueragii viii d. 

Smnma extente falcacionis vi s. viii d. 

Stunma extente cariacionis feni xii d. 

Summa extente bederiparum viii s. iii d. 

Summa operacionis Ricardi le Carter circa fenum, vt supra xvi d 

Item clausa 8c gardina tenencium existencia in manus domini valent 
vi s. viii d. 

Summa omnium predictorum ix li. xii s. ix d. qua. 
Inde resoluuntur pro hidagio [ ^]. 

Dominus habet quamdam porcionem decimarum in Magna Rolend- 
ryghty & valent iii s. iiii d. 

617. 

fol. 50^. Brokende. 

1363. Inquisicio capta apud Brokende eodem anno quo inquisicio capta 
fuit apud Rollendryght. 

1 Blank in MS. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 63 

Dicit quod conuentus de Egnesham tenet ibidem de dono dotnini 
lohannis Tryllowe tenementum lohannis le Knyght cum duabus 
uirgatis terre ciun pertinenciis, que reddere solebant domino viii s. 
annui redditus & duodecim capones ad Natale domini, hommagium, 
ward[am], maritagiiun, herietum &c. 

lohannes Colyns virgatarius tenet de domino vnum tenementum 
& vnam virgatam terre cum pertinenciis de triginta duabus acris 
campestribus per estimacionem preter prata; reddet de annuo redditu 
viii s. iii d. ; fecit finem pro ingressu ad voluntatem domini ; debet 
sectam curianmti ; dabit herietum ; non maritabit filium neque filiam 
sine licencia domini, nee vendet ullimi masculum sibi pullenatimi sine 
licencia domini. 

Walterus lakkes semiuirgatarius tenet dimidiam virgatam terre cum 
pertinenciis; reddet annuatim iii s. i d. ob. ; in omnibus aliis £aiciet 
sicut predictus lohannes Coljms. 

Stephanus lanes virgatarius tenet vnam virgatam terre; reddet 
de annuo redditu viii s. iii d. ; in onmibus aliis faciet sicut lohannes 
Colyns. 

WiUelmus Hogges semiuirgatarius tenet de domino dimidiam vir- 
gatam pro iiii s. per anniun, faciendo in omnibus sicut lohannes 
Colyns. 

Idem Willelmus tenet tenementum & vnam virgatam terre quondam 
le Cran pro redditu viii s. iii d., faciendo in omnibus aliis sicut 
lohannes Colyns. 

lohannes Stout virgatarius tenet vnam virgatam terre cum pertinenciis 
pro annuo redditu viii s. iii d., & faciet sicut lohannes Colyns. | 

Willelmus Rogers virgatarius tenet vnam virgatam terre cum perti- fol. 51'. 
nentiis pro annuo redditu viii s., & ^iet sicut lohannes Colyns. 

Willehnus Fauconer virgatarius tenet vnam virgatam terre pro 
redditu viii s. vi d., faciendo in aliis sicut lohannes Colyns. 

lohannes de la Hulle virgatarius tenet vnam virgatam terre pro 
redditu viii s. vi d., faciet sicut lohannes Colyns. 

Henricus Hogges virgatarius tenet vnam virgatam tene pro redditu 
viii s. vi d., & faciet sicut lohannes Colyns. 

lohannes Godefrey virgatarius tenet vnam virgatam terre pro 
redditu viii s. iii d., & faciet sicut lohannes Colyns. 

Walterus Attebrugge virgatarius tenet vnam virgatam terre pro 
redditu viii s. vi d., faciet sicut lohannes Colyns. 

Idem Walterus tenet dimidiam virgatam terre cum pertinenciis pro 
redditu iiii s. i d. ob. ; faciet sicut lohannes Colyns. 

Idem Walterus tenet dimidiam virgatam terre & quartam partem 
vnius virgate pro redditu ziii s. iiii d., & faciet sicut lohannes Coljms. 



64 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Johannes Bollour virgatarius tenet vnam virgatam terre pro redditu 
viii s. iii d., faciet sicut lohannes Colyns. 

Thomas Attebragge tenet le Hokeplace quondam lohannis le 
Knyght cum dimidia virgata terre & quarta parte vnius virgate terre 
pro redditu vi s. ; faciet in omnibus sicut lohannes Colyns. 
Summa tocius vi IL xi s. ii d. | 

[51^ is blank.] 



618. 

fol. 52^ Fylkyng. 

1354. lohannes de Aluetone eschaetor domini regis in'comitatu Oxon' 
& Bark* dilecto sibi lohanni Osebem subeschaetori suo in comitatibus 
predictis salutem. Ex querela Willelmi de Vptone filii & heredis 
Isaak' de Vptone nobis est ostensum, quod cum prefatus Isaak pater 
suus nuper adquisiuit in feodo diuersa terras & tenementa in Brough- 
tone de lohanne de Craule, & idem lohannes ea adquisiuit de Willelmo 
Trauers, vt libero tenenti manerii de Broughtone, que quidem tene- 
menta prefato Willelmo iure hereditario descenderunt post mortem 
patris sui, & quod ipse Willelmus & antecessores sui a tempore quo 
non extat memoria seisiti fuerunt de tenementis predictis, & ea 
tenuerunt de manerio predicto per certa seruicia; vos tamen pre- 
tendentes ipsum Willelmum prefata tenementa de rege tenere * & quod 
lohannes de Craule tenementa predicta adquisiuit de lohanne Maudut, 
qui ilia de rege tenuit, sine licencia domini regis, et ea occasione 
tenementa predicta capere intenditis in manum domini regis ac tenentes 
terrarum & tenementonmi predictorum multipliciter inquietatis minus 
iuste, super quo supplicauit curie vt de remedio sibi prouideatur oportuno, 
vobis mandamus quod facta inquisicione super premissis & eorum 
circumstanciis plenius veritatem [ "], et si per inquisicionem 

illam inueneritis, quod prefatus Isaak' adquisiuit tenementa predicta 
de lohanne de Craule & idem lohannes ea adquisiuit de Willebno 
de Trauers vt est dictum, et non de lohanne Maudut, et quod 
tenementa predicta non tenentur de rege, tunc de terris & tenementis 
predictis vos ulterius non intromittatis, exitus, s quos de dictis terris 
& tenementis percepistis, prefato Willebno de Vptone liberantes, ac 
prefatum Willelmum & tenentes suos occasione predicta in pace 
permittatis. Datum in Castro Oxon' xxvi die Maii, anno vicesimo 
octauo. 

» 'teiieri,'MS. 
* Some word, such as ' inaeniatls *, must have been forgotten here. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 65 

lohannes de Aluetone escaetor domini regis in comitatu Oxon' 
& Bark' dilecto sibi lohanni Osebem subescaetori suo in comitatibus 
predictis salutem. Ex graui querela abbatis de Egnesham nobis est 
ostensum, quod licet ipse & predecessores sui loci predicti seisiti 
fuissent de dimidia hyda terre cum pertinentiis in Fylkynge in comitatu 
Oxon' predicto ex dono & concessione antecessorum Radulfi Murdac, 
quondam dominorum de Broughtone, tenenda in puram & perpetuam 
elemosinam absque aliquo seruicio inde fadendo, a tempore quo non 
extat memoria, vos tamen pretendentes prefatum abbatem terram 
predictam sibi & domui sue adquisiuisse post publicacionem statuti 
de terris & tenementis ad manum mortuam non ponendis editi sine 
licencia domini regis, et sic* tenentes eiusdem abbatis qui terram 
predictam tenent per graues districciones multipliciter inquietatis, in 
ipsius abbatis dispendium non modicum & grauamen, super quo 
nobis supplicauit vt remedio sibi oportuno congrue per curiam proui- 
deatur, nos quod iustum est sibi facere volentes, vobis mandamus 
quod si per inquisicionem & alio modo legitimo vobis constare 
poterit quod predecessores predicti abbatis | adquisiuerunt predictam foL 5»^ 
dimidiam hydam terre diu ante statutum, vt est dictum, et quod terra 
predicta de rege non tenetur, tunc de terra predicta vos vlterius non 
intromittatis, set prefatum abbatem ac tenentes suos de terra predicta 
in pace permittatis absque vexacione vestra^ seu ministrorum vestronmi 
quorumcumque, exitus si quos te terra predicta percepistis prefato 
abbati liberantes. Dat' in Crastro [sic] Oxon', iii® die lunii anno 
vicesimo octauo. 

Inquisicio facta apud Wytteneye in comitatu Oxon' coram lohanne 
de Aluetone escaetore domini regis in eodem comitatu nono die 
lunii anno regni regis Edward! tercii a conquestu uicesimo octauo 
iuxta tenorem breuis domini regis huic inquisicioni consuti per sacra- 
mentum Radulfi Fretewelle, lohannis Bernard, Henrici Spicer, Willelmi 
Strethende, lohannis Femhulle, lohannis Colyns, lohannis Freman, 
Thome Comere, Thome Champeneye, Ricardi Wolewy, Walteri 
Attehalle & Ricardi Person, qui dicunt super sacramentum suum 
quod Isaak de Vptone adquisiuit sibi & heredibus suis vnum mesuagium 
& vnam virgatam terre cum pertinentiis in Broghtone de lohanne 
de Craule, et idem lohannes ea adquisiuit de Willelmo Trauers, qui 
eadem tenementa tenuit successione & iure hereditario de manerio de 
Broughtone, reddendo inde per annum ad manerium predictum vi s. 
iiii d. ad quatuor anni terminos principales equis porcionibus : et 
dicunt quod tenementa predicta tenentur de domino de Broughtone 

' As though 'pretenditis ' had preceded. ' ' Texaciones Testras,* MS. 

lu F 



66 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

per seruidum predictum, vt dictum est, et non de domino rege, nee 
vnquam de domino rege, nee de progenitoribus suis aliquo tempore 
tenebantur. Requisiti eciam si Thomas Corbet vnum mesuagium 
& iii virgatas terre eum pertinentiis in Haliwelle qui eadem tenementa 
concessit Henrico Spicer in feodo tenuit de rege immediate an de 
abbate Circe8tr[ie], qualiter & quomodo, dicunt super sacramentum 
suum quod tenementa predicta tenentur de prefato abbate perseruicium 
unius oboli vel unum par cirotecarum eiusdem precii. Et dicunt quod 
tenementa predicta tenentur de prefato abbate, vt dictum est, & non 
de rege. Dicunt etiam quod abbas de Egnesham nullas terras seu 
tenementa adquisiuit sibi & domui sue post publicacionem statuti de 
terris & tenementis ad manum mortuam non ponendis editi in 
Fylkynge nee alibi in Hundredo in Bamptone. In cuius rei testi- 
monium predicti iuratores huie inquisicioni sigilla sua apposuenmt. 
Dat' loco, die & anno supradictis. 



619. 

MoUsforthe. 

Memorandum quod scrutatis rotulis memorandorum de Scaccario 
compertimi est in libro rubeo inter feoda militaria in comitatu Berk', 
quod Nicholaus Southbury tenet in villa de Molleford in comitatu 
Berk' unam hidam terre cum pertinenciis de abbate de Egnesham 
per seruicium quatuor solidorum ad manerium ipsius abbatis de Stoke 
annuatim soluendorum & faciendo inde alia seruicia regalia & forinseca 
quantum pertinet ad tantam terram.' 

620. 

fol. 53^ In magno rotulo de anno xxvii in Cant[ebrigia], 

Hunt[endona]. 

1354. Abbas de Egnesham debet iiii li. de nona garbarum vellerum & 
agnorum regi concessa anno xiiiio pro bonis suis in uilla de Hystona, 
sicut continetur in rotulo exami[natorum] ; sed non debet inde 
summoneri per breue regis irrotulatum in memorandis de anno xxo, 
termino Michaelis, & per processum inde habitum & consideracionem 
Baronum annot[atam] * in memorandis ex parte rememoratoris regis 
de anno xxo inter reeorda de termino Michaelis. Et quietus est. 

* At the foot of the page is written docninent also occors in toI. i. p. 301. 
(?) 'HavUr de Mouicfoni '. This ••wnot.'MS. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 67 

621, 
In libro feodomm de Scaccario regi&k^ 

Tenentes in elemos[ina] in Hundredo de Wottone, sic : — 

Abbas de Egneshame tenet tolam villam in elemosina de episcopatu 
Lincolniensi. 

Cestretone. Abbas de Egnesham tenet in eadem quatuor hidas 
terre in liberam elemosinam de feodo de Doylly. Hundredum de 
Chadelynton. 

Parua Rolandry. Abbas de Egnesham tenet in eadem v hidas terre 
in liberam elemosinam. 

Mildelcoumbe. Abbas de Egnesham, prior de Noione & prior de 
Mertone tenent totam uillam in liberam elemosinam de feodo de 
Doylly. Sed nescitur pro quanto feodo. 

Sybford. Abbas de Egnesham tenet totam villam in liberam 
elemosinam de feodo Episcopi Lincolniensis. 

Libere tenentes de eodem abbate de Egnesham : — 

Waltenis de Chadeljnitone vnum pratum in Pudelicote pro iiii s. 

Homines de Chadelyntone dimidiam virgatam pro ii s. vi d. 

Willelmns de Fryd' dimidiam hidam terre pro i marca 

Ricardus Scryuayn dimidiam hidam & miam uirgatam pro viii s. 

lohannes lanitor vnmn mesuagium cum pert. per iiii s. 

Ernaldus vnum mesuagium cum pert per unam libram cimini 

Gilbertus Tayllard dimidiam hidam cum pert. per vii s. vi d. 

Robertus dimidiam hidam & dimidiam virgatam terre per viii s. 

622. 

Placita de lure & a88[ise] coram Salamone de Roff*, Ricardo foL s^ 
Boilondey Roberto de Fulcon» Rogero Loueday & Gal- 
frido de Pycheforde^ iustic' itinerantibus apud Oxoniam 
in crastino sancti Hillarii anno regni regis Edwardi &c. 
ziiio. 

De seriantiis dicunt quod quidam Robertus le Graunt tenuit unum 
mesuagium & xiii acras terre in hameletto de Tappewelle [&c., a repe- 
tition of charter 459, see vol. i. p. 307]. 

^ This deed is interesting because it They are probably part of the Inquest 

shows that two entries printed in the of Jane, laia. (See TTie Commune of 

Testa de Nevill, on pages 108 b and London, pp. 261-761 by Mr. J. Horace 

xao by as if they belonged to different Round.) 
dates, are part of the same inquisition. 

F a 



68 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

623. 

luratores presentant quod Ailmerus Grossus quondam comes 
Cornubie fuit fimdator domus religiose de Egnesham & tenuit de domino 
rege in capite; et episcopus Lincolniensis clamat habere custodiam 
domus predicte tempore vacacionis : nesciunt quo waranto. £t super 
hoc Willelmus de Gyselham, qui sequitur pro domino rege, dicit quod 
dominus rex habet breue suum super ipsum episcopum de aduocacione 
domus predicte prout patet in placitis domini regis de quo waranto. 



624. 

Willehnus de Gyselham, qui sequitur pro rege, petit uersus Oliuerum 
[&c., as printed in Placita De quo Waranto^ p. 669 b,] . • • quam 
dominus rex. 

fol. 54'. 625. 

Abbas de Egnesham summonitus fiiit [&c., as printed in Placita De 
quo Waranto^ p. 663 a,] . . . inde sine die. 



626. 

Idem Abbas summonitus fuit [&c., as printed in Placita De quo 
Waranto^ p. 663 bj . • . qui nee &c. 



627. 

Godefridus ' de Manneuille tenet x hidas in Canyngesham de Rege. 
Terra xv • caruc' ; nunc in dominio iiii caruc' & iiii semi, xix villani 
cum X bordariis habent xii caruc' ; ibi molendinum de xliiii d. & cix 
acre prati, xxxiii acre pasture : valuit xii libras, modo xv libras. 

Willelmus tenet de Rege iiii hidas, dimidiam in Rolandri maiore : 
terra xv' carucat': nunc in dominio ii caruc' & v villani cum iii 
bordariis habent ii caruc': ibi xxx* acre prati: valuit & valet iii 
libras. 

^ ^Go\t!b\AvA^ Donusday, perhaps they were taken fW>m tome 

' XYi in Domesday, t>ook which contained the substance of 

' ▼ in Domesday, Domesday ^ but rearranged by Hundreds. 

^ XX in Domesday, These are not Kingham and Kollright are both in 

consecutive entries in Doomsday Book : Chadlington Hundred. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 69 

628. ^ol. 54^ 

Placita coram baronibus de Scaccario de termino Trinitatis 
anno regni regis Edwardi terdi post conquestum zzziiio. 

Oxen. Nicholaus Poure, lohannes de Whitefelde & lohannes Showe 1359. 
collectores x»« & xv"»» regi a laicis concessarum in comitalu Oxen' 
anno xxxi^^o regis nunc, attachiati fuenmt ad respondendum regi & 
abbati de Egnesham de placito transgressionis & contemptus. 

£t vnde predictus abbas venit per lohannem de Stauntone attomatum 
suum, qui dicit pro rege & seipso, quod cum idem abbas non teneat 
nee habeat, neque dicto anno xxxi^^o habuit, aliqua terras & tenementa 
in villis de Tylgarslee, Fauelore & Cotes, alia quam spiritualibus suis 
annexa & ad decimam cum clero taxata, & que fuerunt in possessione 
domus sue de Egnesham anno xx^^o regis Edwardi, aui regis nunc, 
quo anno taxacio cleri primo fiebat, & quociens & quando decime cleri 
currebant a predicto anno vicesimo hucusque, taxata fiierint cum 
eodem clero, nee idem abbas aliqua bona mobilia in villis illis habeat, 
seu dicto anno xxxi°^o habuit, alia quam de terris & tenementis illis sic 
spiritualibus suis annexis exeuncia, pro quibus ipse aliquam yy*"^ 
soluere non tenetur ; predicti collectores prefatum abbatem assederunt 
ad xv&m predictam ad diuersas summas in villis predicts pro bonis & 
catallis suis sic ad decimam cum clero taxads, videlicet in villa de 
Tylgarsley ad iiii libras xiiii s. ix d., in villa de Fauelore ad xx s. & 
in villa de Cotes ad x s., A ipsum abbatem pro summis illis soluendis 
distrinxerunt die louis proxima post festum sancd Micbaelis anno 
xxxii<^o regis nunc per aueria sua apud villas predictas, videlicet per 
quatuor boues apud Tylgarsle, iii equos apud Fauelore, & ii boues 
apud Cotes, & districcionem illam in parco apud Tylgarsle per xv dies 
proximo sequentes detinuerunt in contemptum regis ac dampnum 
ipsius abbatis xl lib. ; et inde producit sectam &c. 

Et predicii collectores venerunt in propriis personis suis & 
defendunt omnem contemptum & quicquid &c. & dicunt quoad dictam 
viUam de Tylgarsle, quod dicta villa ad iiii libras xiiii s. ix d. ad 
xv«m predictam taxata existit, & in singulis concessionibus huiusmodi 
quintarumdecimarum ab anno octauo ad hucusque ad consimilem 
summam taxata fiiit, in qua villa, dicto abbate | excepto, nullus foL 55'. 
inhabitat, neque ab anno xxiiio regis nunc, quo anno onmes homines 
eiusdem ville moriebantur, inhabitauit; per quonmi mortem omnia 
terre & tenementa eorundem hominiun, qui pro bonis & catallis super 
terris & tenementis illis existentibus summam illam soluerunt, ad 
manus eiusdem abbatis, vt domini eiusdem ville, deuenerunt, & pro 



70 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

defectu tenendum in manu sua adhuc existunt ; et dicunt quod ipsi eo 
quod summa ilia assessa fuit super villam predictam racione bonorum 
& catallorum existencium ^ super terns & tenementis illis, dummodo 
in manu tenendum fuerint, & consimilis summa exemplariter iuxta 
concessionem inde factam ad xv*i>^ predictam est leuanda, & dicta terre 
& tenementa in manu dicti abbatis existunt, ipsi prefatum abbatem pro 
iiii libris xiiii s. ix d. predictis* soluendis distrinxerunt prout eis bene 
licuit, & ex officio suo facere debuerunt: et petunt indicium si 
occasione ilia aliqua iniuria in personis suis assignari poterit &c. 

£t quoad predictas villas de Cotes & Fauelore dicunt quod ipsi 
prefatum abbatem non distrinxerunt in villis predictis nee aliquam 
districcionem ipsius abbatis pro aliquibus summis eis ibidem soluendis 
in parco detinuerunt, seu imparcarunt, prout ds inponitur. Et de 
hoc ponunt se super patriam. Et predictus abbas similiter. Ideo fiat 
inde iurata. 

Et idem abbas dicit vlterius quod omnes homines dicte ville de 
Tylgarsle, qui tenuerunt terras & tenementa ibidem, predicto anno 
octauo, & semper hucusque, fuerunt natiui ipsius abbatis, & terras & 
tenementa sua tenuenmt de ipso in bondagio, vt terras & tenementa de 
dominico suo, que predicto anno xx°^o regis aui & semper hucusque, 
quando decime cleri currebant, taxata fuerunt cum clero inter alia 
temporalia abbacie predicte ; post quorum mortem terre & tenementa 
ilia ad manus ipsius abbatis deuenerunt pro defectu tenencimn & in 
manu sua iam existunt, et petit iudiciiun, si ipse occasione bonorum 
& catallorum exeundum de terris & tenementis illis sic ad decimam 
taxatis, pro huiusmodi dedma soluenda aliqualiter sit onerandus vel 
artari debet. Et predicti coUectores petunt inde indicium &c. Ideo 
inde ad iudiciiun &c. Super quo datus est dies partibus usque a die 
sancti lohannis Baptiste in xv dies. Et preceptum est vicecomid quod 
venire fadat hie ad eundem diem xii &c. de visnelo ville de Cotes & 
Fauelore, quorum quilibet &c. per quos &c., qui nee &c. ad recogni- 
fol. 55"^. cionem &c. | Ad quem diem partes predicte venerunt, et vicecomes 
non retomauit breue; ideo datus est dies eisdem partibus vlterius 
vsque a die sancti Michaelis in xv dies. Et preceptum est vicecomiti 
sicut alias &c., ita &c., ad eundem diem. 

Et continuato processu isto vsque crastinum Cinerum anno xxxiiii^o 
regis nunc, sicut continetur in rotulo placitorum de dicto anno 
xxxiiiito termino videlicet Michaelis. Quo die partes predicte vene- 
runt : et vicecomes retomauit breue & nomina iuratorum &c. Et ipsi 
non venerunt: ideo datus dies eisdem partibus vlterius vsque a die 

» * & existencium,' MS. • < predictos,' MS. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM ^l 

Pasche in xv dies : et preceptum similiter vicecomiti quod distringat 
iuratores, et preter illos octo tales &c., ita ad eundem diem, Et idem 
dies datus est dictis * partibus vel interim coram Willelmo de Shares- 
huUe, iusticiario regis, apud Cherlebery die louis in quarta septimana 
quadragesime ; ita quod inquisicionem illam habeat hie ad predictam 
quindenam Pasche. £t dictum est partibus quod expectent ibidem 
dictum diem louis. 

Ad quam quindenam Pasche predictus abbas venit per dictum 
attomatum suum, et predictus Willelmus de ShareshuUe liberauii hie 
quandam inquisicionem coram eo apud Cherlebery captam dicto die 
louis super premissis per sacramentimi Willelmi de Comptone, Thome 
de Walcote & aliorum iuratorum, quorum nomina annotantur in 
panello breuis: qui dicunt super sacramentum suum, quod predict! 
nuper collectores dicto die louis proxima post festum sancti Michaelis 
dicto anno xxxii<io dictum abbatem de Egnesham per tres equos apud 
Fauelore pro xx solidis & per duos boues apud Cotes pro x solidis 
eis soluendis ad xv^^ predictam racione bonorum & catallorum ipsius 
abbatis in villis predictis ad decimam cum clero taxatis distrinxerunt. 
£t quod iidem collectores districciones illas a prefato abbate pro 
summis illis soluendis captas apud Tilgarsle imparcauerunt & in parco 
ibidem per xv dies proximo sequentes detinuenmt. £t assident 
dampnum predicti abbatis ad xl s. 

£t predictus abbas per dictum attomatum suum petit indicium super 
premissis ; et viso processu predic o inter Barones visum est eis quod 
scrutiniiun rotulorum huiusmodi scaccarii fiat, si porcio dicte ville de 
Tylgarsle de xv^^ predicta ad tantam summam se extendit antequam 
&c.; ob quod scrutatis rotulis &c.compertumestinrotuliscomputorum 
collectorum diuersarum decimarum & quintarumdedmarum regi a 
laicis concessarum ab anno octauo regis nunc, a quo anno huiusmodi 
xtne & xv»® exemplariter leuate fuerunt, in th[esaur]o in custodia re- 
memoratoris regis existencium, quod summa dictam viUam de Tylgarsle 
contingens est iiii libre xiiii s. ix d. tantum, et de tanto responsur[a] est 
regi, quando xv™« laycales currebant, a predicto anno octauo vsque pre- 
dictum annum xxxi™" ; pro quo anno iiii libre xiiii s. ix d. exiguntur 
sub nomine dicte ville de Tylgarsle, sicut continetur in magno rotulo 
de anno xxxiiio in Oxon, Berk'; super quo habita deliberacione &c. 
consideratum est quod predicta villa de Tylgarsle exoneretur & | quieta foL 56^ 
existat de iiii libris xiiii s. ix d. predictis; et quod predictus abbas 
inde versus regem oneretur pretextu cognicionis sue supradicte 
quousque &c. Et quod idem abbas recuperet versus predictos col- 



7a CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

lectores, videlicet Nicholaum Poure, lohannem de Whitefeld & 
lohannem Showe dampna sua vt premittitur ad xl solidos taxata. 
£t quod iidem collectores pro transgressione predicta capiantur. £t 
preceptum est vicecomiti quod ipsos capiat &c. ; ita &c. in crastino 
sancti Michaelis. 



629. 

Copia bille proposite regi & eius concilio super exoneracione 
villate de Tylgarsle de quintadecima. 

A notre s[eign]ur le R07 & son conseil supplient labbe & couent 
de Egnesham, que come ils nount auount nulles terres ne tenementz 
en la ville de Tilgaresle autres que ceux que sount & furount parcelle 
des temporaltes de sa abbeye & annexe a sez spiritualtes Ian xx^^ le 
Roy Edward fitz le Roy Henry, ne biens ne cbateux en mesme la ville 
. autres que issautz & esceautz sur mesmes les tenementz, pur queux il 
& ses predecessours fiirent taxez entre les clercs le dit an xx"*® & con- 
tinuehnent puis en cea qant disme ou autre taxe fust grante a notre 
seignur le Roi ou a ses progenitours, ils terres & tenementz en la ville de 
Tilgaresle, les qeux terres & tenementz sount parcelle de lour fimdacon' 
de dit abbeye, qeux eux furent seisiz deuant la conquest & continuel- 
ment puis en cea et nient contreesteant cella, lohan Whitefeld & sez 
compaignons coillours de la xv« grante a laiel notre seignur le Roi 
(dieux assoil) Ian de son regne trentprimer, distreinerent le dit abbe 
pur paier la xv« pur les dit terres & tenementz en la dit ville pur qoi 
le dit abbe fut pleint deuers le dit lohan & sez compaignons' pur la 
dit distresse [P] tortmousment pris, deuaunt les barons de Leschequer, 
le dit aiel, Ian de regne trentisme tierce, & le lohan & son compaignons 
instilierent la pris de la dit detresse par tant que Ian septisme le dit 
aiel diuersez tenantz furont demurantz en la dit ville do Tylgaresley, 
les queux furent taxez & assiz de paier quatre liueres, quatorsze soldz 
& neof deniers a la xv«, a la dit aiel, le dit an septism, & que les terres 
& tenementz queux les ditz tenantz tiendrent en la dit ville furont en 
possession de dit abbe pur defaut de tenantz, & le dit abbe allega 
enpledant que les ditz tenantz furent sez neifs & les terres & tene- 
mentz, les queux eux avoient le dit an septisme ou puis en la dit viMe, 
tiendrent de luy & de sez predecessours en bondage come parcelle de 
cez temporaltes, et les queux terres & tenementz le dit an xx™« le dit 
Roy E. fitz au Roi Henr' 8c continuelment puis en cea quant disme 
ou autre taxe feust grante a notre s[eign]ur le Roi ou a sez pro- 
fol. 56^. genitours | par lez clercs feust taxe entre les clercs, & que par cause 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 73 

que touz les dit neifs moreront labbe occupia lez ditz terres & tene- 
mentz come parcelle de sez temporaltes annexez a sez spiritualtes. £t 
nient contreesteant la dite matier allegge par la dit abbe, lez ditz barons 
agarderent que le dit abbe pur les ditz terres & tenementz serroit de la 
xvme deuers la dit aiel charge, nient obstant qil feust charge entre les 
clercs pur mesmes les terres & tetiementz & continuelment puis le dit 
jugementy quant dismes ou xv™^ ont estez grantez a notre s[eign]ur 
le Roi ou a son aiel le dit abbe ad este taxe entre clercs & les laies 
pur les ditz terres & tenementz & issint il ad paie pur eux double taxe 
a grant damage du dit abbe, que plese de anuUer le dit jugement 
& ordeiner que le dit abbe soit descharge de porter taxe pur les ditz 
terres & tenementz entre les ditz laies ou descharger de porter taxe 
pur eux entre les clercs, issint que le dit abbe & ses successours ne 
portent double taxe pur lez ditz terres & tenementz pur dieu & en 
[ ]ouere * de charite. 

630. 

Superscriptio dicte bille misse Thesatir[ariis] ft Baronibus 
de Scaccario. 

Soit brief mande as Tresorer & Barones de Lescheqer lour daignant 
en mandement que serchez les accomptz des coillours des dismes & 
quinsismez en dit conte del dit temps renduz al dit escheqer si par 
inspeccon' dicelles ou par enquest eut a prendre ou en autre resonable 
manere purra apparoir, que la suggestion des dit abbe & couent en 
cest bille compris contient plein verite, a donq[ue]s ils ' deschargent 
les ditz suppliantz de paier la quinsime pur lour ditz terres issint 
esceautz parcelle de lour fundacion fait deuaunt le conquest & dont 
ils paient lour dismes come dissius est dit, quils surseant entrement de 
la demande dez meisme la quinszisme de lour ditz possession, nient 
contresteant le jugement renduz en dit escheqer enuers lesz ditz 
suppliantz a contraire. 

631. 

Breve regis directum Thes[atirariis] ft Baronibus de Scac- 
cario pro exoneracione ville de Tilgarsle de quintadecima« 

Rex &C. ; monstrauerunt nobis dilecti in Christo abbas & conuentus 1378. 
de Egnesham in presenti pariiamento nostro, vt cum omnia terre & 

* perhaps * amoure '. * * il,' MS. 



74 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

tenementa sua in villa de Tilgaresley in comitatu Oxon' de fundacione 
abbacie loci illius ante tempus conquestus Anglie fundati existant, 
eademque terre & tenementa anno regni domini £. nuper regis Anglie, 
filii regis Henrici, uicesimo inter spiritualia regni Anglie taxata fuissent, 
predecessoresque dictorum abbatis & conuentus terras & tenementa 
ilia inter spiritualia ilia sic taxata natiuis suis dictam villam inhabi- 
tantibus ad voluntatem dictorum abbatis & conuentus & successorum 
suorum tenenda tantum dimisissent, eademque terre & tenementa per 
mortem dictorum natiuorum ad manus nunc abbatis & conuentus iam 
deuenerunt ; & licet iidem nunc abbas & conuentus & omnes prede- 
cessores sui decimas & omnimodas alias quotas progenitoribus nostris 
regibus per clenmi regni nostri Anglie concessas, sine per summum 
ponlificem eidem clero ad opus eorundem progenitorum nostrorum 
impositas, pro porcione sua dicta terras & tenementa contingenti, tarn 
tempore quo terre & tenementa ilia in manu dictorum natiuorum, 
quam in manibus suis propriis extiterunt, cum eodem clero soluerunt, 
f ol. 57'. sicut viis & modis quibus curia nostra considerauerit parati sunt | 
edocere ; pro eo tamen quod in quodam processu coram thesaur[ariis] 
& baronibus domini £. nuper regis Anglie aui nostri anno regni sui 
xxxiiio inter tunc abbatem & conuentum dicti loci & lohannem de 
Whitefeld & socios suos collectores quintedecime per laicos eidem auo 
nostro anno regni sui xxxio concesse habito, per eundem lohannem 
& socios suos allegatum fuit dictos natiuos in dicta villa commorantes 
taxatos fuisse & assessos ad iiii libras xiiii s. & nouem denarios ad 
quintamdecimam eidem auo anno regni octauo concessam, & super 
hoc per eosdem thesaur[arios] & barones consideratum ipsos abbatem 
& conuentum de dicta quintadecima, premissis & aliis in processu 
predicto per prefatos abbatem & conuentum allegatis non obstantibus, 
pro terris & tenementis predictis inter spiritualia ut premittitur taxatis 
onerari debere ; iidem nunc abbas & conuentus de quintisdecimis inter 
laicos in singulis concessionibus huiusmodi quintarumdecimarum a 
tempore consideracionis predicte onerati, & ea occasione multipliciter 
inquietati existunt minus iuste. Super quo nobis supplicarunt sibi 
remedium adhiberi. £t quia non est consonum racione eosdem 
abbatem & conuentum pro terris & tenementis illis tam cum clero 
quam inter laicos onerari debere, aliter quam temporalia ceterorum 
prelatorum regni Anglie spiritualibus suis annexa onerata existunt, 
vobis mandamus quod viso processu predicto & rotulis memorandis 
[sic] dicti Scaccarii & compotis huiusmodi coUectorum decimarum 
& quintarumdecimarum in dicto comitatu in eodem scaccario redditis, 
premissa tangentibus, si per inspectionem eorundem vel per inquisi- 
cionem inde capiendam aut alio modo legitimo vobis constare poterit 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 75 

suggestionem per predictos abbatem & conuentum vt premittitur 
factam, plenam veritatem continere, tunc demande quam eisdem 
abbati & conuentui pro huiusmodi quintadecima pro terns & tene- 
mentis predictis de fundacione sua ante conquestum existentibus & 
inter spiritualia, vt premittitur, taxatis inter laicos soluenda fieri fac[itis], 
supersedeatis omnino ; ipsos abbatem & conuentum de quintadecima 
ilia pro terris & tenemeniis predictis vt prefertur soluenda ac ceteros 
qui inde de iure fuerint exonerandi ad idem scaccarium, prout iustum 
fuerity exonerari & quietos esse fac[ientes], iudicio in placito predicto 
contra dictos abbatem & conuentum reddito non obstante: prouiso 
tamen quod iidem abbas & conuentus quintamdecimam inter laicos 
pro terris & tenementis per ipsos aut predecessores suos in dicta villa 
seu alibi in dicto comitatu post dictum annum uicesimum prefati 
Edwardi filii regis Henrici adquisitis, si que fuerint, soluant prout 
decet Teste me ipso apud Westmonasterium xxiiii die Maii anno 
regni nostri secundo. 

632. 

Breue regis vocatum venire facias, super exoneracione 
ville de Tilgarsle de quintadecima. 

Rex uicecomiti Oxon* salutem. Precipimus tibi quod venire facias 1378. 
coram baronibus de Scaccario nostro apud Westmonasterium a die 
sancti lohannis Baptiste vltimo preterito in xv dies, xviii tam milites 
quam alios probos & legales homines de balliua tua de visneto de 
Tylgarsleye, quorum quilibet habeat centum 8olidat[as] terre vel 
redditus per annum ad minus, per quos rei Veritas melius sciri poterit, 
ft qui abbatem de Egnesham nulla affinitate vel alio modo attingant, 
ad recognoscendum super sacramentum suum, si omnia terre ft tene- 
menta dicti abbatis in villa de Tilgarsleye sint, ft a tempore quo non 
extat memoria | fuerint, parcella manerii sui de Egnesham, quod est fol. 57^ 
de fundacione abbatie sue ft eidem manerio annexa: et si dicta 
manerium, terre ft tenementa in Tilgersleye vt parcella eiusdem 
manerii anno regni domini E. nuper regis Anglie filii regis Henrici 
vicesimo inter temporalia predicte abbacie spiritualibus annexa cum 
clero taxata fuerint; ac si dictus abbas ft predecessores sui nobis 
ft progenitoribus nostris a dicto anno vicesimo hucusque decimas ft 
alias quotas cum clero pro dictis terris ft tenementis in Tilgersleye vt 
parcella dicti manerii de Egnesham soluerint ; ft si predecessores dicti 
abbatis eadem terras ft tenementa diuersis natiuis suis dimiserunt, 
tenenda ad voluntatem suam, reddendo verum valorem eorundem 
terrarum ft tenementorum : necnon si predictus abbas dicta terras 



76 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Sc tenementa pro eo quod vacua absque tenentibus remanserunt per 
mortem naduorum predictorum reassumpserit, ft ea vt parcellam diet! 
manerii sui de Egnesham occupauerit Sc teneat in presently vt de iure 
ecclesie sue predicte, necne ; & habeas ibi tunc nomina iuratorum Sc 
hoc breue, Sec, per rotulum memor[andorum], de anno secundo 
Trinitatis [stc] record[um]. 

633- 

Copia exempliflcacionis processus habiti coram baronibus 
de Scaccario super exoneracione villate de Tylgarsle de 
quintadecima. 

Feb. 94, Ricardus dei grada [&c.] salutem. Sciads quod inspeximus 
I393- qaendam processum coram b^nibus de scaccario nostro habitum, 
termino videlicet sancte Trinitatis anno regni nostri secundo in hec 
uerba : ' Dominus Rex mandauit hie breue suum de magno sigillo 
suo quod est inter communia de hoc termino in hec uerba : '* Ricardus 
[&c.] thes[aurariis] Sc baronibus suis de Scaccario suo salutem. 
Monstrauerunt nobis dilecd nobis in Christo *' (&c. vt supra in proximo 
folio, vsque ad finem illius breuis) : et scrutads rotulis quoad superius 
suggesta in breui, compertum est in rotulo de particulis taxacionis 
temporalium cleri Lincolniensis diocesis, archidiaconatus videlicet 
Oxon' & decanatus de Wodestoke, que taxado facta fuit anno regni 
regis Edward! filii regis Henrici vicesimo, quod temporalia abbads de 
Egnesham in Egnesham taxantur ad decimam cum clero ad xxvii 
libras ix s. viii d., nulla facta mendone ibidem de aUquibus tempora- 
libus ipsius abbatis in Tilgaresley, & quod coUectores huiusmodi 
dedmarum in singulis concessionibus earundem a dicto anno vicesimo 
hucusque onerad fuerunt versus regem de consimili summa pro dicds 
temporalibus in Egnesham, sicut condnetur in rotulis compotorum de 
decimis predictis Sc in dicds rotulis de particulis. Compertum est 
eciam in compoto abbads de Oseneye Sc Thome de Langeleye taxa- 
torum & collectorum quintededme Sc decime domino Edwardo nuper 
regi Anglie, auo regis huius [sic], anno regni sui octauo a laicis 
concessarum in comitatu Oxon', quod villata de Tylgarsleye in 
hundredo de Wottone tunc taxata fuit ad iiii lib. xiiii s. x d. [stc] 
per se, Sc villata de Egnesham ad Ixxix s. iiii d per se, & quod 
collectores huiusmodi dedmarum Sc quintarumdecimarum a dicto anno 
octauo hucusque de consimilibus siunmis in singulis concessionibus 
earundem dommo regi nunc Sc progenitoribus suis onerad, fuerunt, sicut 
continetur in rotulis de pardculis cdmpotorum dictorum collectorum 
penes scaccarium resideni[ibus]. Compertum est insuper in rotulo 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 77 

placitonim de anno xxxiiio dicti regis Edwardi, aui regis huius, 
termino | videlicet sancte Trinitatis in quodam processu ibidem habito fol. 58^ 
inter lohannem de Whitefeld & socios suos k abbatem de Egnesham 
supradictos^ quod pro eo quod in eodem processu continetur quod 
onmia terre & tenementa in Tylgarsleye tunc fiienint in manibus 
predicti abbatis pro defectu tenencium, & quod collectores decimarum 
& quintarumdecimarum dicto regi auo, a laicis concessarum, in singulis 
concessionibus eanindem a dicto anno octauo vsque dicium annum 
tricesimum tercium onerati fuerunt versus regem de iiii libris xiiii s. x d. 
pro villa de Tylgarsleye, consideratum fuit per tunc barones de Scac- 
cario quod predictus abbas inde versus regem oneraretur. £t super 
hoc uenit modo a die sancte Trinitatis in xv dies predictus abbas per 
Ricardum Bank' attomatum suum ft dicit quod omnia terre & 
tenementa sua in dicta villa de Tylgarsleye sunt, ft a tempore quo 
non extat memoria fuerunt, parcella manerii sui de Egnesham, quod 
est de fiindacione abbacie sue, ft eidem manerio annexa : ft quod 
idem manerium, terre ft tenementa predicta in Tylgarsleye, vt parcella 
eiusdem manerii, dicto anno vicesimo regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici 
inter cetera temporalia abbacie predicte cum clero taxata fuerunt ad 
predictam summam xxvii 11. ix s. viii d. ft quod ipse ft predecessores 
sui ab eodem anno uicesimo hucusque dedmas ft alias quotas cum 
clero, quociens ft quando huiusmodi decime ft quote domino regi ft 
progenitoribus suis concesse fuerunt, pro dictis terris ft tenementis in 
Tylgarsleye vt parcella dicti manerii de Egnesham soluerunt Et 
dicit vlterius predictus abbas quod predecessores sui dicta terras ft 
tenementa in Tylgaresleye diuer^s natiuis suis dimiserunt, tenenda ad 
voluntatem suam, reddendo inde verum valorem eorundem terrarum 
ft tenementorum ; ft quod ipse pro eo quod died natiui moriebantur ft 
terras ft tenementa predicta per mortem eorundem natiuorum vacua 
absque tenentibus remanserunt, eadem terras ft tenementa in manus 
suas reassumpsit, ft ea vt parcellam dicti manerii sui de Egnesham 
occupauit ft tenet in presently vt de iure ecclesie sue predicte in forma 
predicta. Et hec omnia pretendit verificare qualitercunque curia ftc. 
Et petit quod ipse de quintadecima ft aliis quotis ft consimilibus per 
laicos concessis ft concedendis racione dictorum terrarum ft tenement 
torum in Tylgarsleye exoneretur. Ad quod dictum est pro rege quod 
dicta terra ft tenementa in Tylgarsleye non sunt parcella dicti manerii 
de Egnesham, nee de fiindacione abbathie predicte, nee taxantur inter 
temporalia dicti abbatis spiritualibus suis annexa, prout predictus abbas 
superius placitando allegauit, sed cum laicis dicti comitatus Oxonie 
sub nomine villate de Tylgarsley per se, ft quod predictus abbas ft 
predecessores sui ac tenentes dictorum terrarum ft tenementorum in 



78 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Tylgarsleye a predicto anno octavo hucusque soluerunt quintamdeci- 
mam cum laicis pro eisdem terns & tenementis & non decimam cum 
clero : et petit pro domino rege, quod inquiratur &c. Ideo fiat inde 
inquisicio. £t p[receptum] est uicecomiti quod uenire faciat hie a die 
sancti lohannis Baptiste in xv dies xviii tam milites &c. de visneto de 
Tylgarsleye, quorum quilibet ^c, per quos &c., A: qui nee A:c., ad 
recognoscendum in premissis. £i idem dies datus est prefato abbati. 
Ad quem diem idem abbas venit per dictum attornatum suum ft 
uicecomes retomauit breue cum panello de nominibus iur[atorum], 
et iidem iuratores non ven[erunt]. Ideo preceptum est vicecomiti quod 
foL 58^ ipsos I distringat ftc. : ita &c., a die sancti Michaelis in xv dies, uel 
interim coram Wiilelmo de Hanleye rememoratore buius scaccarii, 
qui per litteras patentes sub sigillo eiusdem scaccarii assignatur ad 
inquisicionem illam interim capiendam. £t idem dies datus est prefato 
abbati. Ad quem diem idem abbas uenit & inquisicio adhuc remanet 
capienda. £t uicecomes retomauit breue. £t iurat[ore8] inde non 
uen[erunt]. Ideo preceptum est vicecomiii quos ipsos distringat vt 
prius &C.: ita &c., in crastino sancti Martini, & preter iuratores 
predictos preceptum est vicecomiti quod venire faciat hie ad eundem 
diem sex t[a]les ftc, ne inquisicio predicta pro defectu iuratorum 
vlterius remaneat capienda. £t idem^ dies datus est prefato abbati. 
Ad quem diem idem abbas venit per dictum attornatum suum. £t 
vicecomes retomavit breue ft nomina iuratorum. £t iidem iuratores 
non : ideo preceptum est vicecomiti quod ipsos distringat, ita ftc, a 
die sancti Hillarii in xv dies uel interim coram dicto Wiilelmo de 
Hanleye, qui per litteras patentes sub sigillo buius scaccarii assignatur 
ad inquisicionem illam interim capiendam. £t idem dies datus est 
prefato abbati Ad quem diem idem abbas venit £t predictus 
Willelmus de Hanleye liberauit hie quandam inquisicionem coram eo 
super premissis captam apud Oxoniam die lune proxima ante festum 
Natalis Domini anno tercio regis huius in presencia abbatis de 
£gne8ham ibidem per Willelmum de Stantone commonachum ft 
attornatlun suum comparentis per sacramentum lohannis Hardy, 
Roberti Braylles ft aliorum iuratorum, quorum nomina annotantur in 
eadem inquisicione, que est inter inquisiciones ft extenta retomata hie 
dicto anno tercio. Qui triati, electi ft iurati dicunt super sacramen- 
tum suum quod onmia terre ft tenementa abbatis de £gnesham in 
villa de Tylgaresleye sunt, ft a tempore quo non extat memoria 
fuerunt, parcella manerii de £gnesham, quod est de fundacione abbacie 
sue & eidem manerio annexa: et quod dicta manerium ac terre ft 

» 'Udcm/MS. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 79 

tenementa in Tylgaresleye vt parcella eiusdem anno regni domini 
Edwardi nuper regis Anglie, filii regis Henrici, vicesimo inter tempo- 
ralia predicte abbacie spiritualibus annexa cum clero taxata fuerunt, 
quodque'^dictus abbas &. predecessores sui domino regi & progenitoribus 
suis a dicto anno vicesimo hucusque decimas & alias quotas cum clero 
pro dictis terris & tenementis in Tjlgarsleye vt parcella dicti manerii 
de Egnesham soluerunt Dicunt etiam iuratores quod predecessores 
dicti abbatis eadem terras & tenementa diuersis natiuis suis dimi- 
serunt, tenenda ad voluntatem suam, reddendo verum valorem 
eorundum terrarum & tenementorum : et quod predictus abbas dicta 
terras & tenementa pro eo quod uacua absque tenentibus remanserunt 
per mortem dictorum natiuorum reassumpsit, & ea vt parcellam dicti 
manerii sui de Egnesham occupat &, tenet in presenti, vt de iure 
ecclesie sue: et predictus abbas petit iudicium super veredicto 
inquisicionis predicte. Et quia curia vult deliberare super premissis 
antequam vlterius &c., datus est dies hie eidem abbati a die Pasche in 
XV dies ad audiendum iudicium super premissis. Ad quem diem 
predictus abbas venit per dictum attomatum suum, & ob causam 
predictam habet diem vlterius vsque a die sancte Trinitatis in xv dies. 
Ad quem diem idem abbas venit per dictum attomatum suum. Et 
ob causam predictam habet diem vlterius vsque a die sancti Michaelis 
anno quarto regis huius in xv dies. Ad quem diem idem abbas uenit 
per attomatum suum : et ob causam predictam habit diem vlterius vsque 
a die sancti HiUarii in xv dies. Ad quem diem predictus abbas venit 
per dictum attomatum suum ; et ob causam predictam | habet diem foL 59"^. 
vlterius vsque a die Pasche in xv dies. Ad quem diem predictus 
abbas venit per dictum attomatum suum; et ob causam predictam 
habet diem vlterius usque a die sancte Trinitatis in xv dies. Ad quem 
diem predictus abbas venit per attomatum suum; et ob causam 
predictam habet diem ulterius vsque a die sancti Michaelis anno 
quinto in xv dies. Ad quem diem venit predictus abbas per dictum 
attomatum suum ; et ob causam predictam habet diem vlterius vsque 
a die sancti HiUarii in xv dies. Ad quem diem predictus abbas venit 
per dictum attomatum suum; et ob causam predictam habet diem 
vlterius vsque a die Pasche in xv dies. Ad quem diem predictus abbas 
venit per dictum attomatum suum ; et ob causam predictam habet 
diem vlterius usque a die sancte Trinitatis in xv dies. Ad quem 
diem predictus abbas venit per dictum attomatum suum; et ob 
causam predictam habet diem vlterius vsque a die sancti Michaelis 
anno sexto in xv dies. Ad quem diem predictus abbas venit per attor- 
natum suum ; et ob causam predictam habet diem vlterius vsque a die 
sancti HiUarii in xv dies. Ad quem diem idem abbas venit per dictum 



8o CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

attomatuin suum, et petit iudicium vt prius &c. Super quibus habita 
pleniori deliberacione per barones, quia per veredictum inquisicionis 
predicte est compertum, quod omnia terre & tenementa abbatis de 
Egnesham in villa de Tylgaresleye sunt, k, a tempore quo non extat 
memoria fuerunt, parcella manerii sui de Egnesham, quod est de 
fundacione abbade sue & eidem manerio annexa; et quod dicta 
manerium, terre & tenementa in Tylgarsleye vt parcella eiusdem anno 
vicesimo supradicto inter temporalia predicte abbacie spiritualibus 
annexa cum clero taxata fuerunt, quodque dictus abbas & predeces- 
sores sui domino regi & progenitoribus suis a dicto anno vicesimo hue- 
usque decimas & alias quotas cum clero pro certis terris & tenementis 
in Tylgaresleye vt parcella dicti manerii de Egnesham soluerunt; 
concordatum est & consideratum quod predictus abbas de Egnesham 
& eiusdem loci conuentus de quintadecima contingente terras & 
tenementa predicta exonerenter & quieti existant pretextu breuis regii, 
inquisicionis & aliorum premissorum, aliquo iudicio versus dictos 
abbatem & conuentum dicto anno xxxiiio regis Edwardi aui regis 
nunc reddito, aut aliqua solucione huius quintedecime per predictos 
abbatem k, conuentum pro predictis terris & tenementis in Tylgars- 
leye a dicto anno vicesimo regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici facta 
non obstante : ita tamen quod si contingat dicta terras & tenementa 
imposterum per tenentes inhabitari seu occupari, quod regi de quinta- 
decima bonorum & catallorum suorum in eisdem terris & tenementis 
tunc existencium respondeatur, prout ante hec tempora fieri consueuit.' 
Quern quidem processum ad prosecucionem prefati abbatis sub sigillo 
dicti scaccarii nostri duximus exemplificandum. In cuius rei testi- 
monium has litteras nostras patentes fieri fecimus patentes. Teste 
R. de Plesyngton' apud Westmonasterium xxiiii die Februarii anno 
regni nostri sexto. 

In magno rotulo de anno quinto in adhuc. Item Berk' [sic]. 
Abbas de Egnesham debet iiii 1. xiiii s. x d. de quintadecima regi a 
laicis anno sexto regis huius concessa pro bonis suis in Tylgarsleye, 
sicut continetur in compoto Roberti Brayles & sociorum suorum, col- 
lectorum dicte quintedecime in comitatu Oxon', rotulo compoti de 
taxacione, sed non debet inde summoned per processum inde habitum 
& consideracionem baronum annotat[am] in memorandis ex parte 
rememoratoris regis de anno secundo regis huius inter recorda de 
termino Trinitatis. Et quietus est. 

[59^ & 6or are blank.] 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 8i 

634. 

[Writ to the Sheriff to collect a jury from the neighbour- 
hood of Ck>tes and Fawler.] 

Edwardus dei gracia rex Anglie & Francie & dominus Hibemie fot 6o^ 
vicecomid Oxonie salutem. Precipimus tibi quod venire facias coram J^y 4f 
baronibus de Scaccario nostro apud Westmonasterium a die sancd '3^9* 
lohannis Baptiste proximo iiitar[i] in xv dies xii probos & legales 
homines de balliua tua de visneto de Cotes & Fauelore, quorum 
quilibet habeat centum solidat[as] terre vel redditus per annum ad 
minus, per quos rei Veritas melius sciri poterit, & qui abbatem de 
Egnesham &, Nicholaum Poure, lohannem de Whitefeld & lohannem 
Showe collectores decime & quintedecime nobis a laicis anno regni 
nostri Anglie xxxio in comitatu predicto concessarum, nulla affinitate 
uel alio modo attingant, ad recog[noscendum] per sacramentum suum, 
si predicti collectores prefatum abbatem pro x s. in dicta villa de 
Cotes & XX s. in Fauelore die louis proxima post festum sancti Michaelis 
anno died regni nostri xxxii eis soluend[is] ad quintam decimam 
predictam per aueria sua distrinxerunt, videlicet per duos boues apud 
Cotes & tres equos apud Fauelor, & districciones illas apud Tylgarsle 
per XV dies proximo sequentes in parco detinuerunt, vt idem abbas 
dicit, uel non vt predicti collectores dicunt; quia partes predicte 
posuerunt se inde in inquisic[ione]. £t habeas ibi nomina iuratorum 
& hoc breue. Teste G. de WiUeford' apud Westmonasterium quarto 
die lulii anno regni nostri Anglie xxxiii, regni vero nostri Francie xx. 
Charwdton, per rotulum placitorum de anno xxxiiio Pasche. 

635. 

[An inquisition about Cotes and Fawler.] 

Inquisicio capta apud Cherlebury coram Willelmo de ShareshuU' Mar. 19, 
iusticiario domini regis secundum formam commissionis domini regis '36o. 
eidem Willelmo directed & huic inquisidoni consute^ die louis in 
quarta septimana quadragesime, anno regni regis Edwardi tercii post 
conquestum Anglie tricesimo quarto, per sacramentum Willelmi de 
Comptone, Thome de Walcote, Thome de Famebourgh', lohannis in 
le Dene, lohannis de Nortone de Bannebury, lohannis Mundy, 
lohannis Croxford, lohannis Hardy, Henrici Tankeruill', lohannis 
Say, Henrici Spycer, & Thome Aselford; qui dicunt super sacra- 

> ' directi . . . coniuti/ MS. 



83 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

mentum suum quod Nicholaus Pourc, lohannes de Whitefeld, A 
Johannes Showe nuper collectores dccime & quintcdecime domino 
regi nunc anno regni sui Anglie xzxi in comitatu Oxon' concesse, 
die louis proxima post festum sancti Michaelis anno regni regis nunc 
Anglie xxxii abbatem de Egnesham per tres equos apud Fauelore pro 
viginti solidis & per duos boues apud Cotes pro decern solidis eis 
soluendis ad quintamdecimam predictam racione bononim & catal- 
lorum ipsius abbatis in villis predictis ad decimam cum clero taxatis 
distrinxerunt, & iidem collectores districciones illas a prefato abbate 
sic pro sununis illis soluendis captas apud Tylgarslegh' imparcauerunt, 
& in parco ibidem per xv dies proximo sequentes detinuerunt, sicut 
idem abbas in recordo predicto placitando allegauit. £t assident 
dampnum ipsius abbatis ad xl solidos. In cuius, Bcc. Dat' &c., vt 
supra. 

636. 

foi. 6x^ Decima de Comebery Parke. 

Edwardus dei gracia rex Anglie & Francie & dominus Hibemie, 
omnibus ad quos presentes littere peruenerint, salutem. Sciatis quod 
pro salute anime nostre [&c. = 577, vol. i, p. 393]. 



637- 

[An inquisition about Mickleton.] 

April 9, Inquisicio facta coram Thoma Saundres escaetore domini regis in 
1360. comitatu Gloucestrie apud Wynchecombe die louis proxima ante 
festum Pasche anno regni regis Edwardi tercii post conquestum 
Anglie xxxiiii per sacramentum lohannis Lefoy, Ricardi Fraunkelayn, 
Ricardi Payne, Nicholai Fraunkelayn, Roberti Thomes, Philippi 
Bradewelle, Willelmi lames, lohannis Kulle, Willelmi Messag[er], 
lohannis Arkel, Henrici Newemant & Thome Boteinleyn, qui dicunt 
super sacramentum suum quod abbas de Egnesham tenet manerium 
suum de Mukeltone de rege in capite sine medio per seruicium vnius 
secte ad curiam suam videlicet apud hundredum de Kyflesgate de 
tribus septimanis in tres septimanas : et quod predictus abbas mane- 
rium illud dimisit lohanni Trillowe militi, lohanni de Herdewyk 
& Ricardo So[m]nour sibi & heredibus suis ad vitam Nicholai de 
Vptone predecessoris istius abbatis sine licencia regis: et dicunt 
per sacramentum suum quod dictum manerium valet per annum Ix 
libras vltra reprisam [sic\. In cuius, ^c. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 83 

[Writ of the king, forbidding .that stdt of court shotdd be 
demanded of the abbot of Eynsham for his manor of 
Mickleton.] 

Rex balliuis suis de hundredo de Kyftesgate salutem. Monstrauit Nov. 15, 
nobis dilectus nobis in Christo abbas de Egnesham quod licet ipse ^358. 
sectam aliquam ad bundredum nostrum predictiun pro manerio suo 
de Mukeltone facere non teneatur, nee ipse seu predecessores sui 
abbates loci illius sectam huiusmodi a tempore cuius contrarii memoria 
non existit ad hundredum predictum pro manerio predicto hucusque 
facere consueuerunt, vos nichilominus ipsum abbatem ad faciendam 
sectam ad idem bundredum grauiter distringitis & multipliciter inquie- 
tatis iam de nouo, ad graue dampnum ipsius abbatis, sicut ex querela 
sua accepimus, super quo nobis supplicauit sibi de remedio prouideri. 
Nos ipsum abbatem indebite pregrauari nolentes vobis precipimus, 
quod si ita est, tunc ab huiusmodi districtionibus & inquietacionibus 
eidem abbati ex causa predicta de cetero inferendis penitus desistatis ; 
et distric|cionem, si quam ei ea occasione fecerids, sine dilacione foL 61^. 
relaxetis eidem. Teste rege apud Westm*, xv die Nouembris anno 
xxxii. 

639- 

[Writ commanding that an inquisition sliall be held about 
the tenure of Mickleton.] 

Edwardus dei gracia rex Anglie & Francie & dominus Hibernie May 4, 
dilecto & fideli suo Willelmo de Shareshulle & Thome Saundres 'S^o* 
escaetori suo in comitatu Gloucestrie salutem. Cum nos nuper cercio- 
rari volentes super causa capcionis manerii abbatis de Egnesham de • 
Mukeltone cum pertinentiis per te, prefate escaetor, vt dicebatur, in 
manmn nostram, tibi precepimus ^ quod nos super causa predicta in 
cancellaria nostra sub sigillo tuo redderes cerciores, at tu nobis 
retomasti quod pro eo quod inuenisti per inquisicionem coram te «x 
officio tuo captam, quod predictus abbas tenet manerium predictum 
de nobis sine medio per seruicium vnius secte ad curiam nostram 
videlicet ad hundredum nostrum de Kjrftesgate, de tribus septimanis 
in tres septimanas, et quod idem abbas manerium illud dimisit 
lohanni Trillowe militi, lohanni Herdewyke & Ricardo Sumnour 
& heredibns suis ad terminum vite Nicholai nuper abbatis loci predict! 
predecessoris ipsius abbatis nunc sine licencia nostra, idem manerium 
* * precipimus,' MS. 
G 2 



84 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

cepisti in manum nostram ; at idem abbas iam nobis dederit intelligi 
quod manerium predictum tenet de episcopo Lincolniensi ' in puram 
& perpetuam elemosinam, & de episcopis loci predicti a tempore quo 
non exstat memoria tenebatur, & non de nobis seu progenitoribus 
nostris, nee idem abbas sectam aliquam ad hundredum predictum 
racione manerii predicti facere teneatur^ nee ipse nee predecessores 
sui sectam aliquam ad idem hundredum temporibus retroactis facere 
consueuerunt, supplicans nobis vt manum nostram de manerio pre- 
dicto velimus facere amoueri : nos vt in hac parte quod iustum fuerit 
fieri faciamus, volentes super premissis plenius cerciorari, vtrum videlicet 
manerium predictum teneatur de nobis sine medio sicut predictimi 
est, an de alio, et ^ de nobis, tunc per quod seruicium & qualiter 
& quo modo : et si de alio, tunc de quo vel de quibus & per quod 
seruicium & qualiter & quo modo: et si predictus abbas sectam 
aliquam ad hundredum nostrum predictum racione manerii predicti 
aut alia de causa facere teneatur, seu quod ipse aut predecessores 
sui sectam aliquam ad idem hundredum facere consueuissent, necne, 
& si sic tunc ex qua causa &, a quo tempore & qualiter & quomodo ; 
assignauimus vos ad inquirendum per sacramentum proborum & 
legalium hominum de comitatu predicto, per quos rei Veritas 
melius sciri poterit, super premissis ft omnibus aliis articulis pre- 
missa contingentibus veritatem: et ideo vobis mandamus quod ad 
certos diem & locum, quos ad hoc prouideritis^ inquisidonem illam 
capiatis, & eam aperte & distincte factam nobis in cancellaria nostra 
sub sigillis vestris & agillis eorum per quos facta fuerit sine dilacione 
mittatis & hoc breue ; mandauimus enim vicecomiti nostro comitatus 
predicti, quod ad certos diem & locum, quos ei scire faciatis, venire 
faciat coram vobis tot & tales probos & legales homines de balliua 
sua per quos rei Veritas in premissis melius sciri poterit & inquiri. | 
foL 69'. In cuius rei testimonium has litteras nostras fieri fecimus patentes. 
Teste Thoma filio nostro carissimo, custode Anglie, apud Redyng', 
quarto die Maii, anno regni nostri Anglie tricesimo quarto, regni uero 
nostri Francie vicesimo primo. 

640. 

[Writ to the sheriff to procure a Jury for an inquisition 
about Mickleton.] 

May 4» Edwardus dei gracia rex Anglie & Francie ft dominus Hibemie 
1360. ucecomiti Gloucestrie salutem. Cum assignauerimus dilectum ft 

^ Theeridenoe of Domesday is against held Mickleton of the king, not of the 
this statement; the abbey of Eynsham Bishop of Lincoln. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAAf 85 

fidelem noslrum Willelmum de ShareshuIIe Sc Thomam Saundres 
de Neubold escaetorem nostrum comitatus predicti ad inquirendum 
per sacramentum proborum & legalium hominum de comitatu tuo, 
per quos rei ueritas melius sciri potent, vtrum videlicet manerium 
abbatis de Egnesham de Mukeltone cum pertinentiis teneatur de 
nobis sine medio per seruicium vnius secte ad curiam nostram videlicet 
ad hundredum nostrum de Kyftesgate de tribus septimanis in tres 
septimanas prout idem escaetor noster nos in cancellaria nostra 
certificauit,' an de episcopo Lincolniensi in puram & perpetuam 
elemosinam prout idem abbas coram nobis in dicta cancellaria nostra 
allegauity necne, tibi precipimus quod ad certos diem & locum quos 
idem Willelmus & Thomas tibi scire faciant, venire facias eis tot 
& tales probos & legales homines de balliua tua per quos rei Veritas 
in premissis melius sdri poterit & inquirt. Teste Thoma [&c., dated 
as 639]. 

641. 

[Letter to the sheriflF fixing the date for the inquisltioii*] 

Willelmus de ShareshuIIe, capitalis iusticiarius domini regis & Hay 10, 
Thomas de Neubold escaetor domini regis in comitatu Gloucestrie, xa^o* 
vicecomiti Gloucestrie salutem. Ex parte domini regis tibi mandamus 
quod venire facias coram nobis apud Stowe Seynt Edward die lune 
in crastino sancte Trinitatis xviii liberos & legales homines de visneto 
de Mukeltone, per quos rei Veritas melius sciri poterit & inquiri, ad 
facienda ibidem ea que eis ex parte domini regis iniimgentur: et 
habeas ibi nomina predictorum xviii hominum & breue domini regis, 
quod tibi inde venit, & hoc mandatum. Dat* London' x die Maii, 
anno regni regis Edwardi tercii post conquestima Anglie xxxiiii 

642. 

[An inquisition concerning the tenure of Mickleton.] 

Inquisicio capta apud Stowe Sancti Edwardi coram Willelmo de J^ine x, 
ShareshuIIe & Thoma Saundres de Neubold escaetore domini regis '3«o» 
in comitatu Gloucestrie die lime in crastino sancte Trinitatis anno 
regni regis Edwardi tercii post conquestum Anglie xxxiiii pretextu 
commissionis domini regis huic inquisicioni consute per sacramentmn 
lohannis de la Chambre, Roberti lurdan. lohannis Weoleye," lohannis 
Coke de Quenetone, lohannis Gatewyke, Ricardi Fraunkelayn de 

» « ccrtifauit,* MS. ' Spelt ' Wculeye ' in no. 643. 



86 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Pebbeworthe, Henrid de Chestre, Ricardi Marcschall', Simonis Mare- 
schall, Robert! Spycer, Willelmi Wygote & Radulfi Broun, qui dicunt 
foL 69^ super sacramentum suum | quod abbas de Egnesham tenet manerium 
de Mukeltone de episcopo Lincolniensi, & ipse abbas & predecessores 
sui manerium illud de prefato episcopo & predecessoribus suis huc- 
usque tenuerunt a tempore cuius memoria non existit in puram & 
perpetuam elemosinam, & non de domino rege nee progenitoribus 
suis per sectam faciendam ad himdredum de Kyftesgate. Dicunt 
eciam predicti iuratores quod predictus abbas, qui nunc est, nee 
aliquis predecessorum suorum aliquam sectam ad hundredum pre- 
dictum vnquam fecerunt Preterea iidem iuratores dicunt quod dictus 
abbas, qui nunc est, manerium illud nuper dimisit lohanni de Trillowe, 
lobanni Herdewyk & Ricardo Somenour & heredibus eorum, tenendum 
ad terminum vite Nicholai nuper abbatis loci predicti, predecessoris 
ipsius nunc abbatis, sub certis condicionibus pro sustentacione prefato 
Nicholao nuper abbati inuenienda, durante vita sua supradicta. £t 
postmodum dictus abbas de Egnesham qui nunc est propter condi- 
ciones illas non obseruatas dictum manerium reintrauit, &. illud vt 
premittitur tenet de episcopo predicto vt supradictum est. In cuius 
rei testimonium huic inquisicioni iuratores predicti sigiUa sua 
apposuerunt. Dat' apud Stowe Sancti Edwardi die & anno supra- 
dictis. 

643- 

[An exemplification of the documents concerning the 

case of Mickleton.] 

July 18, Edwardus dei gracia rex Anglie & Francie & dominus Hibemie 

1360. omnibus ad quos presentes littere peruenerint salutem. Inspeximus 

recordum & processimi cuiusdam magne assise capte coram Salomone 

de Roff ' & sociis suis tunc iusticiariis domini Edwardi quondam regis 

Anglie, aui nostri, itinerantibus in comitatu Oxon' in cancellaria ipsius 

aui nostri de mandato suo missa in hec uerba : ' Placita de iurat[is] 

& assisis coram Salomone [&c., as in 462 .. . to] quam dominus 

foL 63^ rex ' | Inspeximus eciam quasdam litteras patentes quas nos fieri 

fol. 63^ fecimus in hec uerba * Edwardus [&c., as in 639 . . .] | vicesimo 

primo '. Inspeximus eciam quandam inquisicionem virtute litterarum 

nostrarum predictarum captam & in cancellaria nostra retomatam 

in hec verba 'Inquisicio [&c., as in 642 . . .] supradictis '. Constat 

eciam nobis per inspeccionem rotulorum cancellarie nostre quod 

nos nuper breue nostrum fieri fecimus in hec verba ' Edwardus dei 

gracia rex Anglie & Francie & dominus Hibemie dilecto Thome 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 87 

Saundres escaetoii suo in comitatu Gloucestrie salutem. Cum nos 
nuper [&c., as in 639 ... to] | manum nostram ; postmodumque ad foL 64^ 
prosecucionem dicti nunc abbatis nobis* suggerentis ipsum & pre- 
decessores suos manerium predicUun de episcopo Lincolniensi & 
predecessoribus suis in puram & perpetuam elemosinam a tempore 
quo non exstat memoria & non de nobis tenuisse, absque eo quod 
idem abbas nunc seu predecessores sui sectam aliquam ad hundredum 
predictum racione manerii predicti aliquibus temporibus retroactis 
facere consueuerunt, & nobis supplicantis vt manum nostram de 
manerio predicto amouere vellemus, volentes fieri quod est iustum 
in hac parte assignauerimus dilectum & fidelem nostrum Willelmum 
de Shareshulle & te prefatum escaetorem ad inquirendum per sacra- 
mentum proborum & legalium hominum de comitatu predicto, per 
quos rei Veritas melius sciri poterit, vtrum videlicet manerium pre- 
dictmn [Ac, as in 639 ... to] quomodo, et si predictus nunc abbas 
vel predecessores sui sectam aliquam ad hundredum predictum racione 
manerii predicti facere consueuerunt, necne; ac per inquisicionem 
in hac parte captam & in cancellaria nostra retomatam compertum 
sit, quod predictus nunc abbas & predecessores sui manerium pre- 
dictum de episcopo Lincolniensi & predecessoribus suis in puram 
& perpetuam elemosinam a tempore quo memoria non existit semper 
hactenus tenuerunt, absque eo quod predictus nunc abbas seu pre- 
decessores sui sectam aliquam ad hundredum predictum racione 
manerii predicti aliquo tempore fecerunt, tibi precipimus quod manum 
nostram de manerio predicto, si occasione ptedicta & non alia in 
manu nostra existat, sine dilacione amoueas, & te indevltra ius in 
aliquo non intromittas; exitus si quos inde perceperis prefato abbati 
liberans vt est iustum. Teste me ipso apud Westm' xvi die lunii 
anno regni nostri Anglie xxxiiii, regni uero nostri Francie xxi '. Nos 
autem tenores recordi & processus, litteranmi, inquisicionis ac breuis 
predictorum ad* requisicionem predicti nunc abbatis per presentes 
duximus exemplicand[os]. In cuius rei testimonium has litteras 
nostras fieri fecimus patentes. Teste me ipso apud Westm', xviii die 
lulii anno regni nostri Anglie xxxiiii, regni vero nostri Francie 
vicesimo primo. 



644. 

Assisa venit & recognoupt] si Galfridus [&c. = 580 vol. i, p. 394]. foL 64^. 
» «Yobis/MS. » 'ac'MS. 



88 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

645- 

foL 65'. lohannes de Cudyngtone [Ac. = 581, vol. i, p. 396]. 

646. 

[Grant of a pension by the abbot and convent of E3msham 
to John de Cndjmgtone^ rector of Stanton SL John«] 

fol. 65^ Uniuersis presentes litteras inspecturis G. permissione diuina abbas 
Sept 14, monasterii de Egnesham & eiusdem loci conuentus salutem in domino. 
1354- Noueritis nos vnanimi assensu conuentus nostri concessisse pro nobis 
& successoribus nostris dilecto nobis in Christo magistro lohanni de 
Cudyngtone publico notario, nunc rectori ecclesie de Stauntone sancti 
lohannis, que quidem ecclesia est de patronatu nostro de Egnesham, 
necnon nobis 8c monasterio nostro predicto annuatim, a tempore 
cuius non extitit memoria, fuit & est pensionaria in viginti solidis 
sterlingorum ad officium sacriste spectandum, pro officio suo & 
beneficiis nobis Be ecclesie nostre impendendis annuam pensionem 
tresdecim solidorum & quatuor denariorum de ecclesia de Stauntone 
predicta ad totam vitam magistri lohannis in forma que sequitur 
percipiendam : cum autem dictvis rector magister lohannes vel alius, 
qui pro tempore quocumque titulo incumbens fiierit, nobis & monas- 
terio nostro fideliter in terminis statutis annuatim dictos viginti solidos 
nomine annuitatis soluerit, extunc virtute presencium sine vlteriori 
dilacione de eadem pecimia persoluemus dicto magbtro lohanni suam 
annuam pencionem tresdecim solidorum Be quatuor denariorum ad 
eosdem terminos statutos; et si contingat quod idem magister 
lohannes dum rector dicte ecclesie fueriti seu quiuis rector alius dicte 
ecclesie de Stauntone, predicta minime in terminis suis satisfacere 
curauit, vult magister lohannes de Cudyngtone & concedit per pre- 
sentes quod nulla eidem fiet solucio de dictis abbate & conuentu, 
qui pro tempore fuerint, donee integre dictis abbati & conuentui 
& eorum ecclesie de dictis viginti solidis dictam ecclesiam de Stauntone 
concementibuSi nomine annuitatis, in suis terminis fuerit satisfactum. 
In cuius [&c, sealing]. Dat' in capitulo nostro apud Egnesham in 
festo Exaltacionis sancte Cruds anno regni regis Edwardi tercii post 
conquestum vicesimo octauo. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 89 

647. 

Placita apud Westmonasterium coram R. de Thorp & sociis foL 66'. 
snis iustic' domini regis de Banco de termino sancti 
Hillarii anno regni regis Edwardi tercii a conquestu 
zxxiiii. Rotuio cvL 

Thomas Solers persona ecclesie de Sulthome in misericordia pro 1361. 
pluribus defaltis &c Idem Tliomas summomtus fuit ad respondendum 
abbati de Egnesham de placito quod reddat ei quindecim libras, que 
ei a retro sunt de amiuo redditu centum solidorum quern ei debet &c. ; 
et vnde idem abbas per Stephanum de Meboume attomatum suum 
dicit quod idem abt^ fiiit seisitus de annuo redditu predicto per 
manus predicti Tiiome, soluendo eidem abbati & successoribus suis ad 
festa sancti Martini & Pentecostes per equales porciones imperpetuum, 
vt de feodo &, iure ecclesie sue beate Marie de Egnesham tempore pacis 
tempore domini regis nunc; et similiterpermanuscuiusdamlohannisDal- 
derby nuper persone predicte ecclesie de Sulthome vltimi predecessoris 
predicti nunc persone tempore eiusdem domini regis nunc ; ac eciam 
alii predecessores predicti abbads seisid fuerunt de annuo redditu 
predicto per manus personarum aliarum predicte ecclesie de Sulthome, 
vt de iure ecclesie sue beate Marie predicte, soluendo in forma predicta 
a tempore quo non extat memoria vsque iam per tres annos proximos 
ante diem impetraccionis breuis, scilicet vicesimum tercium diem 
lanuarii, anno regni domini regis nunc Anglic vicesimo sexto, quod 
predictus Thomas annuum redditum predictum subtraxit, vnde dicit 
quod deterioratus est & dampnum habet ad valenciam quadraginta 
libranun: et inde producit sectam. Et predictus Thomas per 
lohannem atte Groue attomatum suum venit, et defendit vim &, 
iniiuiam quando &c^ et dicit quod ipse est persona ecclesie de 
Sulthome predicte impersonata in eadem, & nichil clamat in aduoca- 
cione ecclesie illius, & dicit quod ipse tempore quo institutus fuit in 
ecclesia predicta invenit ecclesiam illam de predicto annuo redditu exone- 
ratam ; et dicit quod ipse non potest ecclesiam predictam absque lohanne 
episcopo Lyncolniensi loci illius ordinario & predicto abbate ecclesie 
predicte patrono de predicto annuo redditu onerare : et petit auxilium 
de ipsis ordinario & patrono &c., habeat &c. Ideo ipsi sum[moneantur] 
quod sint hie a die Pasche in tres septimanas ad respondendum 
similiter &c., si &c. : idem dies datus est partibus predictis per attomatos 
suos &c. Ad quem diem venit tam predictus abbas quam predictus 
Thomas per predictos attomatos suos, et predicti episcopus & abbas 
patronus non venpuntj. Et sum[moniti sunt] &c. Ideo consideratiun 



90 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

est quod predictus Thomas respondeat sine &c. ; et idem Thomas 
dicit quod predictus abbas non ^it seisitus de annuo redditu predicto 
per manus predicti Thome, et per manus cuiusdam lohannis Dalderby 
nuper persone &c., nee alii predecessores predicti abbatis seisiti 
fuerunt de annuo redditu predicto per manus aliorum personarum 
fol. 66^. predicte ecclesie de Sulthome, vt de iure ecclesie sue beate Mar|ie 
predicte soluendo in forma predicta a tempore quo non extat memoria 
prout predictus abbas per narracionem suam suppon[it]. £t de hoc 
ponit se super patriam. Et predictus abbas similiter. Ideo preceptum 
est vicecomiti quod venire faciat hie a die sancte Trinitatis in xv dies, 
xii &c., per quos &c., et qui nee &c., ad recognidonem &c., quia tarn 
&c. ; ad quem diem ven[erunt] partes predicte per attomatOs suos : et 
iurata inde posita fidt in respectu hie vsque ad hunc diem, scilicet in 
Octabis sancti Michaelis tunc proximo* sequens [sic], nisi iusticiarii 
domini regis ad assisas in comitatu predicto capiendas assignati die 
Lune in festo sancte Margarete virginis apud Oxoniam prius venerint : 
et modo ad hunc diem venerunt partes predicte per attomatos suos, et 
predicti iusticiarii ad assisas, coram quibus &c. miserunt hie recordum 
suum in hec uerba. ' Postea die & loco infracontentis coram iusticiariis 
ad assisas &c venerunt partes infranominate per attomatos suos infra- 
contentos, &, similiter iuratores venerunt, qui de consensu parcium electi 
Sc iurati dicunt super sacramentum suum quod abbas de Egnesham 
infracontentus & predecessores sui a tempore quo non extat memoria 
seisiti fuerunt de annuo redditu [de quo^] infra fit mencio per manus 
Thome Solers persone ecclesie de Sulthome & similiter per manus 
lohannis Dalderby nuper persone ecclesie predicte & omnium pre- 
decessomm suorum personamm ecclesie predicte, soluendo ad festa 
sancti Martini in yeme & Pentecostes per equales porciones quousque 
predictus Thomas predictum annuum redditum predicto abbati sub- 
traxit, prout infra supponitur; Sc assignant dampna ipsius abbatis 
occasione predicta ad decem libras vltra arreragia redditus predicti.' 
Ideo consideratum est quod predictus abbas recuperet versus pre- 
dictum Thomam annuum redditum predictum & arreragia predicta ante 
predictum diem impetracionis breuis & post, que se extendunt ad 
quinquaginta & duas libras & decem solidos. £t predictus Thomas 
in misericordia» 

648. 

199L In rotulo de taxacione* ecclesiamm, pensionum & porcionum 

personarum ecclesiasticarum in archidiaconatibus Oxon', Buk', Bed', 

* Omitted in MS. 

' Usually called the Taxatio of Pope Nicholas. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 



91 



Hunt* & Northant' preter decanatum de Ratel[and], per Radulfum & 
Ricardum de Mortone &, GiUing' ecclesiarum rectores facta ^ anno 
domini mcc nonagesimo primo sub reuerendis patribus dominis I. del 
gracia Wyntoniensi & O. Lyncolniensi episcopis taxatoribus a domino 
Nicholao papa quarto deputatis vna ciun incremento per retaxacionem 
a supradictis patribus in quibusdam ecclesiis factam superaddito: 



Dtcanahi de Henle 

Ecclesia de Stoke Basset,* deducta porcione ix marc. 

Porcio abbatis de Egnesham in eadem viii „ | 

Decanaiu de Cudesdan* foL 67'. 

Ecclesia de Stauntone Sancti lohannis, deducta pensione x marc. 
Pensio abbatis de Egnesham in eadem xx s. 

Ecclesia de Meryton, deducta pensione xvii marc, x s. 

Pensio abbatis de Egnesham in eadem xxx s. 

Decanaiu de WodesioK 

Ecclesia de Egnesham cum capellis de Erdyngtone & 
Carsynton 

Ecclesia de Coumbe, deducta pensione 
Pensio abbatis de Egnesham in eadem 
Ecclesia de Tackele, deducta porcione 
Porcio abbatis de Egnesham in eadem 
Ecclesia de Barton' Pania, deducta pensione 
Pensio abbatis de Egnesham in eadem 

Decanaiu de Burcesire 

Ecclesia de Burcestr', deductis porcionibus 

Porcio abbatis de Egnesham in eadem 

Ecclesia de Sulthome, deducta pensione 

Pensio abbatis de Egnesham in eadem 

Ecclesia de Heyford ad Pontem habet duos rectores 

Porcio rectoris de patronatu Rogeri del YUe 

Porcio rectoris de patronatu abbatis de Egnesham, 
deducta pensione 

Pensio ' abbatis de Egnesham in ecclesia de Heyford 
ad Pontem xx s. 



xxxn m. 


xii marc. 


X s. 


xxiiii marc. 


V s. 


vi marc. & dimid. 


dimid. marc. 


xviii marc. 


xiis. 


XV marc. 


c s. 



c s. 



c s. 



^ 'facte,' MS. 

' Stoke Abbatis is meant. It is so in 



the TtLxatio* 
• * Porcio,* in the Taxaiio, 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 



foL 67^ 



Decanaiu de DadyngtorC 

Porcio abbatis de Egnesham in ecclesia de Dadyngton' 
Pordo abbatis de Egnesham in ecclesia prebendali de 
Bannebury 

Decanaiu de WyiUneye 
Porcio abbatis de Egnesham in ecclesia de Bampton 

Decanaiu de NorimC 

Pensio abbatis de Egnesham in ecclesia de Parua 
Rollendr* indedmali* 

Porcio eiusdem abbatis in Magna Rollendrythe dimid. marc. 

Abbas de Egnesham in capella de Cherlebery cmn 
Shorthamtone . . .' 

Pensio abbatis de Egnesham in eadem 

Porcio eiusdem abbatis in eadem 

Item porcio eiusdem in Pudelecote 

Pensio eiusdem abbatis de Egnesham in ecclesia de 
Cerceden* indecimali 

Decanaiu de Bukyngham 

Porcio abbatis de Egnesham in ecclesia de Tureuestone iiii &. 



VI s. 



vu marc. 



1 marc. 



X s. 



V marc. 

xl s. 

V s. 

i marc. I 



649. 

Perambulado Foreste de Wychewod' in comitatu Oxonie 
facta per magistrum L Gilberd, Rogerum de Hegham, 
lohannem de Preus & Waltenun de Wyghthulle asso- 
c[iatos] die Mercurii ante medimn quadragesime anno 
regni regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici zxvL^ 

Mar. 13, Foresta: Incipit ad pontem, qui vocatur Bladenebrugge, ad capud 
1398. yjijg Haneburghe : et inde* descendendo per aquam de Bladene vsque 



^ Apparently an error. In the Taxa^ 
tic the wording is ' Porcio Abbatis de 
Egnesham in eadem*, which would 
natnrally refer to ' Abberbnry ', which 
immediately precedes; and in voL i. 
p. 14 this portion of tithe is assigned to 
Adderbary,not Deddington. No doabt 
it was tithe at Bodicote, mentioned 
vol. i, p. 4. 

* The word ' indecimali ' or ' indeci- 
mabili * is added in the original Taxatio 
to explain why the value of the church 
is not mentioned, but only the value of 
the pension or portion. For one reason 



or another the church was 'not liable 
to be assessed for the tenth * granted by 
Pope Nicholas. 

" The amount, xxx marks, is given in 
the Taxatio^ but this belonged to the 
incumbent of Charlbuiy, not to the 
Abbot of Eynsham. 

* A perambulation of the Forest of 
Wychwood, made July 31,1 300, printed 
in Archaeologia^ vol. xxxvii, p. ^35, is 
represented by the symbol A. m the 
following notes. 

• 'sic,^A. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 93 

ad inclusum^ stagni molendini quod vocatur Egnesham Mulne*: et 
sic inde directe' per quendam 8ickettu[m] qui vocatur Cauerswelle 
Broke, et sic^ vqsue ad longum vadum, et sic* inde per eundem 
8ickettu[m] vsque ad pratum quod vocatur Cauershulle, & sic ' inter 
le Fr3rtbe & boscum qui vocatur Mousele: et sic directed vsque ad 
domum Walteri le Wyneter* in dicta villa de Hanebergh' ex parte 
occidental! dicte domus ; et a dicto * [sic] domo vsque ad grangiam 
Roberti le Eyr ex parte orientali, et sic vsque de Blowynd *•, ex parte 
oriental! bercar[ie] & crofte abbatis Osseneye; et sic per medium 
Roule ", vsque ad fontem vbi Leyhambroke incipit : et sic descendendo 
per Leyham Broke vsque ^* Colnbam : et de Colnham ^ inde vbi Coin- 
ham descendit in aquam de Bladene : et inde per aquam ^* de Bladene 
vsque Stuntesforde : et inde** sicut vall[is]" de Neteldone*' se 
extendit inter Stecheye" & campum de Stiintesfelde ; & sic inter 
assartum abbatis de Egnesham & Gernerswod' '*; & sic vsque 
Ruthereswelle : et inde directe inter boscum qui vocatur le Erleswode de 
Bloxham & le Forsakeneho : et inde semper per le Merewey eiusdem 
bosci vsque per medium Dustesfeld '®, et sic vsque Grymesdiche; et 
sic directe per Grimesdyche ^ inter boscum de Bloxham & boscum 
de Spellesbury: et sic de Grymesdyche per comarium** bosci de 
Bloxham iuxta boscum de Spellesburi vsque Dychelehegge; et sic in" 
Dychele sicut haya extendit inter terram Henrici de Dychele & 
terram Agnetis de Bloxham & ** vsque predictum Grymesdyche in 
Dychele sicut bunde^ extendunt inter dictum boscum de Bloxham 
& boscum de Enestan, qu! vocatur Boxwode**; & sic vsque 
Felleyehegge '^ sicut sikettum extendit inter terram abbatis de 
Egnesham & terram abbatis de Wynchecombe ; et sic '* inter boscum 
Ahnari ** de sancto Amando & boscum de Cudyngtone in Boxdene : 

t « indosam,' A. »• ' ▼allis,' A. 

• A. adds 'incladendo Forestam ex ^'^ 'Netleden * A. 
parte dextra per omnes bnndas & metas '" ' Stokhey/ A. 

snbscriptasy & exclndendo extra Fore- ^* ' usque Gemeleswode ' instead of 

stam ex parte sinistra totnm xesidtmm '. ' & sic . . . Gemerswod'/ A. 

' ' directe,* omitted in A. ^ * bosci usque Dustesfeld : et sic per 

• < et sic/ omitted in A« medium Dnstesfelde usque Grimes- 

• * sic,' omitted in A. diche,* A. 

« « sic inde,' A. »» « dictum Grimesdiche,' A. 

' « et sic directe,' omitted in A. ** ' comerium,' A, 

• < Vinetcr,' A. •* * directe de' instead of 'in! A. 

• 'dicto,' A. •* «&'om.A. 

*• 'Blowend,' A. •• 'semper sicut divise* for 'sicut 

" ' Rowelcye,' A, bunde,' A. 

" * usque ad,' A. «• ' le Boxe,' A. 

» ' sic^ instead of * de Colnham/ A, " * Felleyeshcgg'/ A. 

** ' eandem aquam,' A. *• * inter terram . . , et sic/ om, A. 

» * inde semper,' A. =• • Almarid,' A. 



94 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

et sic ' vsque le Frithe : ct sic inter le Frythe & boscum dicte Almari'; 
directe' vsque Benecleye*: et sic directe inter le Frithe & boscum de 
Wottone vsque Poumerleye*; et sic sicut via regia directe* extendit 
f ol. 68'. vsque ad domum lohannis de Slap' | in Wodestok' Weye ; et sic inter 
campum de Wottone, qui vocatur Eldefelde & Gxmnyldegroue ; et sic^ 
vsque ad murum parci de Wodestoke : et sic extra' murum predictum 
vsque aquam que vocatur Glyme, et sic descendendo per aquam de 
Gljme vsque ad aquam que vocatur Bladene, et sic vsque ad pontem 
de Bladene. 

650. 

[Witney Forest] 

Wytteneye. Incipit apud Grymesheued mere * : et sic vsque domum 
Willelmi piscatoris ^^ : et sic per diuisas inter campum" de Cogges & 
campum de Wytteneye : et sic vsque " ad viam que vocatur Wodestok- 
wey : et per " Madelebroke vsque " ad fontem de Madeleyewelle : et 
sic per viam de Northeleye usque Gnmdesweleye ^' : et sic per hayam 
vsque Snellesleye ^ : et sic vsque Forsakenehoke : et sic vsque Sigardes- 
thome : et sic vsque Nethergate : et sic vsque Mirabelescroft : et sic 
vsque domum Walteri Alfred : et sic usque Sewerede " : et sic vsque 
Scharpestiut' : et sic descendendo per Biscbopden': et sic vsque 
Tremymere": et sic vsque Akemanstrete "• : et sic vsque Selneyhach'^: 
et sic vsque Spondene : et sic vsque ad aquam de Weneiych' •' : & 
deinde descendendo per aquam usque Grymesmede: & sic vsque 
Wytteney". 

* ' ct sic' om. A. " * Sawrode/ A. 

' * Almar[ici]/ A. " * per Bisschopesdene usque Tre- 

' * directe,' om. A. maunemere/ A. 

* « Benteleye/ A. »» ' AUcemannestrete,' A. 

* ' Poddeleye/ A. *» ' Colneyshacche,' A. 

* 'et sic directe per regiam viam " ' Wenryshe,* A. 

sicut extendit, &c./ A. '^ It seems that this perambulatioii 

^ ' et sic/ om. A. was made with the Forest on the left 

' ' per */or ' extra,* A. hand side, not as it professes, nor as the 

* * Grimeshevedesdene,* A. other perambulations were made. The 
^^ Me Peskour includendo Forestam jurors in 1300 added that the manor of 

ex parte dextra per omnes bandas Sc Eynsham was included in Wychwdod 

metas subscriptas, & excludendo extra Forest subseauently to 1154, and was 

Forestam pr^ictam ex parte sinistra therefore not legally affore^ed. As the 

totum residuum/ A. road from Witney to Woodstock is the 

" * terram/ A. northern boundary of the parishes of 

^ * per divisas directe usque/ A. Coggs and Eynsham, Coggs wood and 

" ' inde usque ad/ A. Eynsham wood are both declared by 

'* ' et inde usque/ A. this perambulation to be outside the 

*• * et sic per medium ville de North- Forest of Wychwood. It is evident 

leye*y5?r ' et sic . . . Gnmdesweleye', from vol. i, p. 334, that in the reign of 

A. Henry III it was claimed that Eynsham 

' ' Sullesleye,' A. wood was within the forest 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 95 



651. 

Item per aliam costeram pred[icte] for[este]. 

Incipit ad ripana de Bladene supra * Faulorbrug' * per Stonyweye 
vsque Fynstok', & sic per medium ville de Fynstok' per eandem viam 
vsque Gatesdeneheued : et sic inter le Newefryth' & le Hulewroke*: 
& sic vsqu< Wyfhokes*: et sic* vsque Merewey: et sic vsque 
Deckessladheued*: et sic vsque Stedleye'': et sic* ad capud orientale 
ville que vocatur la Feld' • : et sic ^^ inter Hawe & Ewardesfeld : et sic 
vsque Loueburyhume, que extendit vsque Hulewroke^^* & per** le 
Mereweye usque [le "] Eldemestub " : et sic [usque "] Seukeden' *• 
vsque Seukeforde: et sic vsque Losenegroue *• : & sic vsque West- 
groue: et sic vsque Stockeley: et sic vsque Merewey: et sic vsque 
Hemesgroue *^ : & sic *■ per le Merewey vsque Tudenyn *• : et sic vsque 
PeureshuUe ** : et sic vsque Frethereston' " : et sic vsque Quemehaie : 
& sic vsque Pouele*": et sic vsque Cuttedehach' " : et sic vsque 
Forsakenho": et sic vsque Croswey ad Prestesgroue-end ** : et sic 
vsque ad la Laund' de Prestegroue " : et sic vsque Boynhale inter 
comarium de Brestaneshalle & Boynhalle^: et sic ad capud infimum 
de Brestenhale : et sic ad capud occidentale de^ Hauedwey vsque ad 
capud de Smalestoneweye : et sic ad capud occidentale de Scotersho *' : 
et sic vsque Waldene ^ : et sic vsque Cockeshotehulle inter boscum 
domini regis & boscum lohannis'* filii Nigelli: et sic vsque Rouwe- 
hersbuUe": et sic vsque Oidlegh'": et sic vsque Langrygyate ** inter 
boscum domini regis & boscum Thome Golafre : et sic vsque Asperle- 

' ' snpcr,' A, " * Losn^^ave/ A. 

" * Faaloresbnigge inclndendo Fore- ^^ 'Hemegrove,' A. 

stam ex parte dextra per ompes bandas ^* * inde semper/ A. 

9l metas stibsciiptas, & exclndendo ^ 'Tadeyin, A. 

extra Forestam ex parte sinistra totnm ^ < Poreshnlle/ A. 

residuum ; et sic per le Stoniweye, &c.*, ** * Frethelstone,* A. 

A. « 'Pochwele,»A. 

» ' Hulwerk',' A. «» * Cutteshacche,' A. 

• 'WysokV A. The name is now •* * Le Forsakenho/ A. 

Fiveoak. *• * le Croswey ad capud de Prest- 

• * sic inde,* A. groTesende,* A. 

• ' Dockcslade Heved/ A. »• • Prestesgrove/ A. 

' * Stodleye,* A. ^ * comerium de Brestenhale & Boyn- 

• * usque V^w-' sic'. hale/ A. 

» Now Leafield. ""del/A. 

w ' sic inde/ A. » * Scheteresho/ A 

" • Hnlwerke/ A, » * Waddone/ A. 

1' 'inde semper per/ A. **■ * quondam domini lohannis/ A. 

*• Omitted in MS., restored from A. " ' Rouwereshulle/ A. 

" • Ellervestobbe/ A. »• * Hodleye,* A. 

*• * Sewkedenc, Sewkefoide/ A. •• * Longeruggeyate/ A. 



96 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

hume : et sic per le Merewey inter boscum domini regis ft boscum 
Thome Golafre : et sic vsque Bygarsdene ^ ad capud superius : et sic * 
inter boscum & campum vsque ad nouam cnicem: et sic vsque 
Lytleswadesyate : et sic * per bosciun vsque le Punfolde de Come- 
bery: et sic vsque Nunnedierclie : et sic vsque ad aquam que vocatur 
Biadene. 



652. 

fol. 68^ Perambulacio foreste de Shotouer. 

Incipit ad molendinimi quod vocatur Sotelescot' mulne : et sic vsque 
le Meredykes, quod est inter dominicum domini regis de Hedyndone 
& terram lohannis de Ellesfeld : et sic vsque Stonybrugge : & sic per 
le Meredyche vsque Hedenebroke, & sic usque Bunden' quod vocatur 
Hausegrouemere, quod est inter campum de Elesfeld ft campum de 
Wyk' : et sic vsque Stodefelde: et sic vsque le Breche: et sic vsque 
Brechynhume, quod est inter boscum domini regis qui vocatur 
Stouwewod' & le Brech' de Elesfeud: et sic per fossatum vsque 
Eldenesdone: et sic vsque Dychweyes: et sic vsque Beckelestyb: 
et sic per hayam vsque Hangeresende : et sic inter boscum de 
Wodetone & Stowode vsque Kyngesoke : et sic vsque Dudesweyesend 
apud la lake quod vocatur Wodetonho : et sic vsque Longrydynges, 
quod est inter Stowod ft Cewali) : et sic vsque Bredenebrugge : ft sic 
vsque Thicemeren inter Stowod ft boscum Henrid Tyeys ft boscum 
abbatis Westmonast' : et sic vsque comarium de Perkeresbrecbe de 
Beckele, et sic vsque le Dycheshend de Beckele, et sic directe per 
hayam vsque Brecheshume persone de Beckde vsque Stowodmere: 
et sic vsque Bechelhache : et sic per hayam vsque Battehale : et sic 
per hayam vsque Brecheshume ad capud bosci lohannis de Sancto 
lohanne: et sic vsque le Merethome inter campum de Stauntone 
ft Wyke: et sic vsque Bastardes Crofte de Stouford; et sic per 
fossatum dicti crofti vsque ad pontem de Stouford : et sic per fossatum 
inter campum de Hedyndone ft campum de Forsthulle : et sic vsque 
Sanden' : et sic per fossatum inter campum de Forsthulle ft Schot- 
houere vsque Lynhall: et sic vsque By-yundebroke inter boscum 
domini regis ft boscum de Forsthulle : et sic vsque Wodemanneshulle : 
et sic vsque Famhulle : et sic vsque Fariiwellebroke atte Grouesend : 
ft sic vsque Halentonehache : et sic vsque Mitenhale: et sic vsque 
Baustakbroke netherend : et sic per fossatum vsque Kyngewodbroke : 
et sic vsque ad capud inferius de Akermere iuxta Kyngeswodbroke : 

* * Bykeresdenc,' A. ^ *s\q semper/ A, 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 97 

& sic per Carswelle-broke vsqae le Rededyche ascendendo vsque ad 
boscum de Templo : et sic descendendo per boscum Templl vsque le 
Merewey que eztendit iuxta Shotouere : et sic vsque Hakemerebroke : 
et sic usque dictum Rededych' inter boscum lohannis de Scaccario & 
boscum de Templo vsque Rededykeseued : et sic descendendo usque 
Akemerewelle : & sic vsque le Merewey iuxta boscum de Shotouere : 
et sic per le Merewey inter boscum de Shotouere & boscum de Hors- 
pathe; & sic vsque ad summum capud de Akermere; et sic vsque 
Chalfle per le Merche inter Parihale & Chalfle: et sic vsque uiam 
regiam que ducit versus Oxoniam: et sic per eandem viam usque 
paruum pontem de Oxonia: et sic vsque Charewelle: et sic per 
ChareweUe vsque ad molendinum de Sotelescote mulne. 



653. 

Visus frand plegii de Egnesham. fol. 69^ 

Rex uicecomiti Oxonie salutem. Precipimus tibi quod iuste & sine 136a. 
dilacione repleg[iare] facias abbati de Egnesham aueria sua, que 
Thomas Warner cepit & iniuste detinet, ut dicit ; et postea eum inde 
iuste deduci facias; ne amplius inde clamorem audiam pro defectu 
iusticie. Teste me ipso apud Westm' vicesimo die lanuarii, anno 
regni nostri xxxv. 

Oxon' : pone loquelam que est in hundredo de Wottone per breue 
replegiar[e] inter abbatem de Egnesham & Thomam Warner de aueriis 
ipsius abbatis per predictum Thomam captis & iniuste detentis. 

Recordum de Banco de termino sancti Hillarii, anno regni regis 
Edwardi tercii xxxvi: rotulo clxi: Oxon. Thomas Warner sum- 
monitus fuit ad respondendum abbati de Egnesham de placito, quare 
cepit aueria ipsius abbatis & ea iniuste detinuit contra uadium & 
plegpum] &c. Et vnde idem abbas per lohannem Corbrugge 
attornatum suum queritur, quod predictus Thomas die Sabati proxima 
post festum sancte Lucie uirginis, anno regni domini regis nunc xxxv, 
apud Egnesham in quodam loco vocato Mulmore cepit aueria ipsius 
abbatis, videlicet viginti quatuor boues, & eos de eodem loco fugauit 
vsque ad villam de Wottone, et eos ibidem iniuste detinuit contra 
uadium & pleg[ium] &c. ; unde dicit quod deterioratus est & damp- 
num habet ad ualenciam centum librarum ; et inde producit sectam 
&C. Et Thomas per Simonem de Kylby attornatum suum venit & 
defendit vim &, iniuriam quando &c. : et tanquam balliuus domini 
regis libertatis hundredi de Wottone bene cognouit capcionem bourn 
predictorum in loco predicto & iuste &c. Dicit enim quod habetur 

u. H 



98 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

quidam visus franci plegii apud Egnesham, tenendus bis per annum 
per vicecomitem Oxonie & balliuum domini regis manerii sui de 
Wodestoke, videlicet semel post feslum sancti Michaelis & iterum post 
festum Pasche, pro quo uisu tenendo predictus abbas inueniet eis 
puturam ^ pro se & equis suis per unum diem & vnam noctem, & dabit 
eis in recessu suo octo solidos : qui quidem visus est infra procinctum 
hundredi predict!. Et si aliquis defectus infra visum predictum factus 
ad eundem visum non extiterit presentatus sed conceletur, defectus 
huiusmodi presentabitur ad magnum visum de Wottone, qui teneri 
debet apud veterem Wodestoke bis per annum, videlicet semel post 
festum sancti Michaelis & iterum post festum Pasche per xii liberos 
iuratores per totum hundredum predictum, tarn infra predictum 
visum de Egnesham quam extra ; qui quidem visus 4eneri debet per 
balliuum manerii predicti, postquam predictus visus de Egnesham 
tentus fuerit ; & ille in cuius persona defectus huiusmodi per iuratores 
predictos inueniatur, ad eundem visum amerciabitur & punietur : de 
qua presentacione & punicione in forma predicta a tempore quo non 
foL 69^. extat memoria vsitatum fuit. Et quia ad visum de | Wottone tentum 
apud veterem Wodestoke die Mercurii proxima post festum sancte 
Frydeswyde, anno regni domini regis nunc tricesimo quarto, presen- 
tatum fuit quod predictus abbas & predecessores sui a tempore quo non 
exiat memoria facere debuerunt quoddam passagium, vocatum Swyne- 
fordehy the, infra predictum visum de Egnesham; per quod passagium 
homines euntes & equitantes pertransire & equitare possent ; et quod 
passagium predictum confractum et ruinosum fuit, ita quod homines 
ad predictum visum de Egnesham tentum ibidem die lune proxima 
post festum sancti Michaelis tunc proximo preterit[i] venire non 
potuerunt, & defectus ille ad eundem visum presentatus non fuit, 
set concelatus; predictus abbas amerciatus fuit & afforatus ad 
quinquaginta solidos. Et ad visum tentum apud veterem Wodestoke 
die Mercurii proxima post festum sancti Marci euangeliste anno 
regni domini regis nunc xxxv presentatus fuit per xii liberos iura- 
tores de hundredo predicto idem defectus non emendatus super 
predictum abbatem ; per quod idem abbas amerciatus fuit & afforatus 
ad quatuor marcas. Et scilicet ad visum tentum apud veterem Wode- 
stoke die Mercurii proxima post festum sancti Marci euangeliste anno 
regni domini regis xxxvi presentatum fuit per xii liberos iuratores de 
hundredo predicto, quod predictus abbas facere deberet & reparare 
quemdam pontem & quoddam calcetum inter viilam de Egnesham &. 
molendinum ville de Kersyngtone, que confracta fiienint & dirruta : 

» Food. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 99 

ita quod homines pertransire non potuerunt : per quod idem abbas 
pro defectu iilo amerciatus fuit & afforatus ad viginti solidos. £t pro 
predicto aroerciamento quinquaginta solidonim cepit ipse decern boues 
de bobus predictis : et pro predicto amerciamento quatuor marcarum 
cepit ipse duodecim boues de bobus predictis : et pro predicto amercia- 
mento viginti solidorum cepit ipse quatuor boues residuos in loco 
predicto, tanquam balliuus domini regis nomine districcionis, prout ei 
bene licuit. 

Responcio. Et predictus abbas facit protestacionem suam quod 
ipse non cognouit quod ipse teneatur facere seu reparare passagium 
predictum seu pontem ^ & calcetum predicta, prout per cognicionem 
predictam supponitur. Dicit quod vbi predictus Thomas per cogni- 
cionem suam supponit quod visus predictus de Egnesham teneri debet 
per uicecomitem Oxonie & per balliuum domini regis de Wodestoke, 
& quod predictus abbas inueniret eis puturam per vnum diem ^ 
vnam noctem pro se & equis suis, & daret eis in recessu suo octo 
solidos, dicit' quod visus ille teneri debet per senescallum predict! 
abbatis, et in casu quod predict! vicecomes & balliuus ibidem venirent, 
idem abbas inueniet eis & uni valetto ipsius vicecomitis puturam pro 
se & equis suis per vnum diem & vnam noctem, & dabit eisdem 
vicecomiti & balliuo in eorum recessu octo solidos, & hoc nisi semel 
per annum videlicet post festum sancti Michaelis. £t dicit quod 
predictus visus de Egnesham est visus ipsius abbatis & idem abbas 
habet ad visum predictum presentaciones de quocunque defeciu infra 
eundem | visum facto & puniciones eiusdem, absque hoc quod de fol. 70'. 
aliquo defectu infra eundem uisum facto &, ad eundem visum non 
presentato set concelato presentaciones & puniciones inde facte fuerunt 
ad predictum visum de Wottone a tempore quo non extat memoria 
per xii libeios iuratores per totum hundredum predictum tam infra 
predictum visum de Egnesham quam extra, prout predictus Thomas 
per cognicionem suam predictam [supponit']. Et hoc paratus est 
verificare, vnde petit indicium. 

Et predictus Thomas protestando quod ipse non cognouit quod 
predictus visus de Egnesham est visus predicti abbatis, dicit quod de 
quolibet defectu infra eundem visum facto & ad visum ilium non 
presentato set concelato presentaciones facte fuerunt ad prediclimi 
visum de Wottone per xii liberos iuratores, tam infra predictum visum 
de Egnesham quam extra per totum hundredum predictum, & puni* 
dones inde a tempore quo non extat memoria, prout ipse per 
cognicionem suam predictam supponit Et de hoc ponit se super 

» * partem,' MS. » Not in MS. 

' MS. reads <et' instead of 'dicit*. 

H a 



loo CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

patriam. Et predictus abbas similiter. Et super hoc idem Thomas 
dicit quod ipse verificacionem predictam sine auxilio domini regis 
exspectare non potest ; et petit auxilium de dommo rege habeat &c. 
Ideo dies datus est partibus predictis hie a die Pasche in tres 
septimanas : et interim loquendum est inde cum domino rege &c. 



654. 

[Writ to the sheriff to stimmon a jury.] 

Rex vicecomiti Oxonie salutem. Precipimus tibi quod venire facias 
Nov. 27, coram iustidariis nostris apud Westm', a die sahcti Hillarii in xv dies, 
1363- xii tam milites quam alios liberos & legales homines de visneto de 
Egnesham, quorum quilibet habeat centum solidatas terre, tenemen- 
torum uel redditus per annum ad minus, per quos rei ueritas melius 
sciri poterit, et qui nee abbatem de Egnesham nee Thomam Warner 
aliqua affinitate attingant, ad recognoscendum super sacramentum 
suum si predictus abbas habeat ad visum franci plegii ipsius abbatis 
apud Egnesham presentaciones de quocunque defectu infra eundem 
visum facto & puniciones eiusdem, absque hoc quod de aliquo defectu 
infra eundem visum facto & ad visimi ilium non presentato set 
concelato presentaciones facte fuerunt ad magnum visum de Wottone, 
qui teneri debet apud veterem Wodestoke per duodecim liberos iura- 
tores per totum hundredum de Wottone tam infra predictum visum de 
Egnesham quam extra, & puniciones inde a tempore quo non extat 
memoria ; per quod predictus Thomas capcionem viginti & quatuor 
boum ipsius abbatis pro sex libris, tribus solidis & quatuor denariis, 
ad quos idem abbas ad predictum visum de Wottone amerciatus & 
afForatus, pro quibusdam defectibus per ipsum abbatem infra predictum 
visum de Egnesham factis, & in eodem visu non presentatis set 
concelatis, iustam cognoscere non debeat, sicut idem abbas dicit, 
vel non : immo de quolibet defectu infra predictum visum de 
Egnesham facto & in eodem visu non presentato set concelato 
presentaciones facte fuerunt ad predictum visum de Wottone per xii 
liberos iuratores, tam infra predictum visum de Egnesham quam extra 
per totum hundredum de Wottone predictum, & puniciones inde a 
tempore | quo memoria non existit, sicut predictus Thomas dicit : 
fol. 70."^ quia tam predictus Thomas quam predictus abbas inter quos inde 
contencio est posuerunt se in iuratam illam. Et habeas ibi nomina 
iuratonun ft hoc breue. Teste R. de Thorpe apud Westm' xxvii die 
Nouembris anno regni notri xxxvii. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM loi 

655. 

[Mandate to the sheriff to produce the jurors at 

Westminster.] 

Nomina iuratorum inter regem & abbatem de Egnesham, uidelicet, Feb. 13, 
lohannes Giflfard chiualer, Egidius de Arderne chiualer, lohannes *3^4- 
Hardy, lohannes Say, Hugo Raues, Walteras Cokeswelle, lohannes 
Ladwode, Henricus Spicer, lohannes Harpur, Willeknus Bretteforde, 
Ricardus Craunforde, lohannes Swayn. 

Edwardus dei gracia rex Anglie, dominus Hibemie & Aquitanie, 
vicecomiti Oxonie salutem. Precipimus tibi quod habeas coram 
iusticiariis nostris apud Westm' a die Pasche in tres septimanas 
corpora lohannis Giffard [&c. as above] iur[atorum] sum[monitorum] 
in curia nostra coram iusticiariis nostris apud Westm' inter abbatem 
de Egnesham querentem &, Thomam Warner de placito detencionis 
aueriorum ad faciendam iuratam illam. Precipimus tibi eciam quod 
decem tales tam milites quam alios liberos & legates homines de 
visneto predicto in iuratam illam ponas & illos habeas coram prefatis 
iusticiariis nostris apud Westm' ad prefatum terminum ad faciendam 
iuratam illam, ita quod iurata iUa ad diem ilium non remaneat 
capienda pro defectu iuratorum. £t habeas ibi nomina eorum quos 
de nouo apposueris & hoc breue. Teste R. de Thorpe apud Westm* 
ziii die Februarii, anno regni nostri tricesimo octauo. 
[folios 71 & 7a are blank] 

656. 

[Verdict concerning the rights of the men of Cassington 
to have common in Eynsham.] 

Fait a sauer & est a remembrer que les seignours & les tenauntz de foL 73'. 
Kersyngton & Labbe & Couent de Egnesham & lour tenauntz de Aug. 7, 
Egnesham & Tylgaresle par assent de ambedeux les parties ount '3^^' 
entrecommuniez en certyn temps de Ian, del temps dount memorie 
nest, de Somerford tanque al fosse de Huythecroft & de Tamyse 
tanque a les flodeyates del molyn de Egnesham. Par quel colour del 
commune auantditz les seignour & les tenauntz de Kersyngtone 
claymerount de communere en les Mulnemores & Mullecroftes en 
Wyresheye & Landmed' a la Natiuite de seynt lohan le Baptiste. Si 
fesoient peser lour bestayle en les ditz placez al dit temps. Al dit 
temps le dit abbe fist distreydre les ditz bestes en les ditz places pur 
tiele pestre, par quey debat y feust parentre les ditz parties ; vn bon 
temps par auisement' de monsieur William de Shareshulle que feust 
du counseyl les ditz abbe & Couent & auxi du counseil de la 



I02 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

honourable dame, Dame Elizabet de Mountague, seignouresse de 
Kersyngton, William de Melden & Labbesse de Godestoue... 
dentretys * & dacord feust pris parentre les parties auantditz en les 
MuUemores de Egnesham, & ces feust le dimaigne procheyne apres la 
fest de Seynt Peir, que est dit Aduincula, Ian du regne le roy Edward 
tiers apres le conquest secunde. A quele iour y furrount la dite dame 
one monsioure William de Shareshulle, lohan de Croxford, Sire William 
de Langeleye, Thomas Mundy, & one son' altr* coimseil, William de 
Meldene one son counseil & le counseil Labbesse de Godestouwe 
auantdit, dautre part y feust danus lohan de Chyltenham a donque 
abbe de Egnesham, dane Nichole de Vptone son' celerer one Sire 
lohan de Trillowe lour seneschall' & Richard Wyllyamescote, Thomas 
de Langele, Roberd de Trillowe, William de Leghe & William de 
Aldebury, clerk L abbe, one son' altre counseil : queux assenterent 
par bone auysement, qui sis' des tenauntz L abbe de Egnesham & siz 
des tenauntz de Kersyngton serront iurez sure la liuer pur dire la 
verite de la dite commune, & eusy feust fait par commune assent; 
queux eusi iurez & bien auisez disoient par lour sacrement, que les 
seignours & tenauntz de Kersyngton, quant Labbe de Egnesham 
au[er]a fauche* ses preez de Wyreshey & Landemede & houste les 
feyns & enchace ses bestes, que ceux de Kersyngton purrount entrer 
od lours bestes, horn by horn : auxi mesmes les iurez disoient par 
lour sacrement que ceux de Kersyngton en les Mullemores, ne en 
Cattesbrayn ne deuereyent entrer ne communer od lours bestes auant 
ceo que les bledz cressauntz en Cattesbrayn & en les Mullecroftes furent 
syez & pleynement hors cariez. Et en cas que Cattesbrayne & les 
Mullecroftes ne furrount pas semez, que cest* an ceux de Kersyngton 
purrount od lours ditz bestes en les ditz places entrere & communer a la 
Goule Daust : auxi les ditz iurez disoient par lours sacrement que les 
fol. 73^ gentz de Kersyngton ne ount nule commune en le Huythecroft | nul 
temps del an. En remembraunce de quele verdit par assent des parties 
& pur memorie auer pur temps auenir, ceste endenture est faite, que 
nul debat y serroit parentre les ditz parties de cest iour en auant pur 
la dite entrecommune. Ceste endenture feust fait a Egnesham en 
les ditz Mullemores le dymaigne ^ Ian du regne auantdit'. 

657. 

[Eynsham complains to the king against tlie men of 
Cassington.] 

Treshonure & reuerent seignour, votre humble chapelayne abbe de 

Egnesham en quant que vaille & puisse honours & reuerences one la 

^ This word is uncertain ; something has been erased before it« 
* 'broken into.' Littr^ 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 103 

benidiccion de Dieu. Mon treshonure seignour, playse a voire 
seignourie sauer, que come nous auons notz preez en Egnesham en 
les queux preez vous & touz voz tenauntz de votre manoire de 
Kersyngtone apres les feynes leuez & unez au temps quant nous 
pesoms notz auers en les ditz preez, votz auers & les auers de voz 
tenauntz y deyount * entrer & communer 8c ne mie en temps deuant : 
et ceste chose vsee de temps dount y ny ad memorie: et pur ceo, 
reuerent seignour, que notz ditz prez ount este ceste an souroundez 
par decretyn de ewe, parount ils ne poient encore estre fauchez, votz 
auantditz tenauntz de Kersyngton' sount entre noz ditz prez a force 
& les ount gastez & destruitz a noz damages de 1 markes 8c plus. 
Par quey requeroms a votre bon seignourie quil vous playse par votre 
bon counseil ordeignere, que les amendes soient faitz a nous & 
a notre eglise de cele tort ; entendaunt, treshonure seignour, que nous 
harrayoms moult faire chose en offense de vous & de votre seignourie ; 
queles vous m[er]ciez auoms troue bones & graciouses. Et ceo que 
playst a votre seignourie faire touchant ceste matire nous veullez, sil 
vous plest, certifier par votz lettres ; treshonure & reuerent seignour, le 
fiz Dieu soit touz iours garde de vous & vous deigne bone vie & longe 
durre. 

658. 

[Grant of land in the Frith to Nicholas of Leies.] 

To II so *1 

Notum sit tam futuris quam presentibus quod Willelmus abbas 

Egneshamie & onmesque [sic] conuentus eiusdem ecclesie nullo 
contradicente concesserunt Nicholao filio Sewold' de Leies ipsi & 
heredibus suis terram de Frith', tenendam de eis iure hereditario 
liberam & quietam ab omni seruicio pro marc[a] argenti singulis 
annis redden[da] ad festum sancti Michaelis; et ita quod ipse 
Nicholaus propter hoc remittit calumpniam septem marcarum quas 
debebant ei de debito Walteri abbatis secundi. Huius conuentionis 
testes sunt, Walterus archidiaconus, Nigellus, Radulphus presbiteri, 
Willelmus de Cheysn[ei], Radulphus de Wyrcestria, Acsur, Willelmus 
de Stratteforde, Willelmus Waleys, Walterus de Chesn[ei], Walterus 
Piron, Galfridus Louuell, Robertus de Terra Vasta, Rannulphus & 
Ricardus frater eius, Gilbertus Pyncema, Osmimdus & Walterus filius 
eius, omnesque famuli domus, inniunerabilesque alii. 

* ?-devcrount we only know that he was sheriff in 

' Walter the archdeacon died about 1147, and also in some subsequent 

midsummer 1151. Acsur or Azor is year. 

not called ' vicecomes *, but at present 



104 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

659. 
fol. 74^ Breue inter abbatem de Egnesham ft tenentes de 

Haneburghe pro exaltadone molendinL 

[? 1930] Rex uicecomiti Oxon' salutem. Ostendenmt nobis homines nostri 
de Haneburghe grauiter conquerentes, quod abbas Egneshamie in 
preiudicium iuris nostri & in graue dampnum predictorum hominum 
stag:num molendinorum suorum de Egnesham iniuste & sine iudicio 
exaltauit ad nocumentum prati nostri, alias nobis & eis grauis & 
iniuriosus existens ex eo quod non permittit eos habere communiam 
suam pasture in terra ipsius abbatis de Egnesham nee porkerias suas 
in bosco ipsius abbalis leuare * & fugeras • in eo capere sicut tempo- 
ribus predecessorum nostrorum regum Anglie & tempore nostro, 
vsque ad tempus abbatis qui nimc est, facere consueuerunt Et ideo 
tibi precipimus quod assumptis tecum probis & legalibus hominibus 
de comitatu tuo, de vicinioribus scilicet & aliis, qui melius sciant 
inde veritatem, vocato ad hoc predicto abbate, in presencia sua per 
sacramentum predictorum diligenter inquiras vtrum ipse abbas sta- 
gnum suum exaltauerit, sicut predictum est : et si predicti homines 
nostri debeant & consueuerint habere communiam in terra ipsius 
abbatis in Egnesham & porkerias in bosco suo leuare, & fugeram 
in eo capere. Et si per inquisicionem illam tibi constiterit quod 
ipse abbas stagnum suum ita exaltauerit, & quod predicti homines 
nostri in terra sua & bosco ipsius abbatis habere debeant & consue- 
uerint hec predicta, time per sacramentum eorundem stagnum 
predictum mensurari facias, sicut esse debet & consueuit, faciens 
similiter eosdem homines nostros omnia predicta habere in terra 
& bosco ipsius abbatis sicut habere debuenint & consueuerunt. 
T. &c» 

660. 

[71230] lurata inter abbatem de Egnesham ft tenentes de 

Haneberge pro communia de Egnesham. 

lurata inter abbatem de Egnesham & homines domini regis de 
Haneberge de stagno, parcariis [sic\ pascuis, 8c feugera : Robertus 
de Rothomago, Willelmus de Broke, Ottowell' de Esthalle, Petrus de 
Kersyngtone, Willelmus le Fraunkelayn de Thorpe, Nicholaus Piscator 
de Somerforde, Walterus le Canter', Radulfus de Wottone, Martinus 



1 < 



Set up their pig-sties.' 350, where it occmt in a hand of the 

* * feugera,* fern. thirteenth century. 

* This deed is the same as yoL i. no. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 105 

de Bladene, Rogerus Rouncy, Petnis de Shiptone & Stephanus de 
Mora, qui dicunt super sacramentum suum quod abbas de Egnesham 
in dampniun tenendum domini regis de Haneberge ezaltare fecit 
stagnum molendinorum suorum de Egnesham per dimidium pedem 
alcius quam debuit & hoc per duos annos proximos; quolibet anno 
dictorum duorum annorum dampna taxata ad xz s. : dicunt eciam 
super sacramentiun suum quod tenentes de Haneberge nuUam habent 
communiam in campis de Egnesham, neque abbas in campis de 
Haneberge ; sed dicti tenentes de Haneberge bene habent & habere 
consueuerunt communiam cum bestiis suis in bruera & bosco de la 
Heyewode. Item dicunt super sacramentum suiun quod tempore 
regis H. patris regis lohannis & tempore tunc Godefridi abbatis 
Egnesham uenerunt homines de Haneberge & loquebantur cum 
domino abbate & celerario eiusdem domus, vt possint porcarias suas 
habere in bosco suo de la Heyewode, & eis concesserunt per sic 
quod quilibet homo de manerio de Haneberge faceret eis duas 
precarias autiunpnales apud Egnesham sine cibo: et vt quilibet 
homo daret vnam gallinam ad Natale Domini & ad Pascha x ou[a] 
gallin[arum], dum etiam placuit abbati. Dicimt etiam super sacra- 
mentum suum, quod dicti tenentes de Haneburghe nullas feugeras in 
bruera dicti abbatis capere debent, & si capiant, per ministros abbatis 
attach[iandi] sunt & in curia abbatis amerc[iandi] sunt pro huiusmodi 
delicto. 

661. 

Placita de Haneberge, inter recorda de Banco de foL 74T 
termino sancte Trinitatis anno zliiio. 

Oxon. lohannes Smyth, lohannes Freman, Robertus Wilkyn, i37o« 
Ricardus Swerstone, Thomas Stillen, Robertus Blowynd, Thomas 
Sauage, Ricardus atte Hacche, lohannes Milward, WiUelmus Girisshe, 
Walterus Wynter & lohannes Shepherd in misericordia pro pluribus 
defaltis &c. lidem lohannes Smyth & alii attachiati fuerunt ad 
respondendum abbati de Egnesham de placito quare iidem simul 
cum Thoma Caue capellano, vi & armis, blada & herbam ipsius 
abbatis apud Egnesham nuper crescentia ad ualenciam ducentarum 
librarum cimi quibusdam aueriis depasti fuerunt, conculcauerunt 8c 
consumpserunt & alia enormia ei intulerunt, ad graue dampnum ipsius 
abbatis & contra pacem regis &c. ; et vnde idem abbas per lohannem 
Corbrigge attomatum suum queritur, quod predicti lohannes & omnes 
alii similiter &c. die lune proxima post festum Natalis sancti lohannis 
Baptiste anno regni domini regis nunc tricesimo, vi & armis, scilicet 



io6 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

gladiiSy arcubus, ^agittis & baculis blada, uidelicet frumentum & 
ordeum & siliginem, fabas, pisas & auenas & herbam ipsius abbatis 
apud Egnesham nuper crescentia ad valenciam &c. cum quibusdam 
aueriis, uidelicet equis, bobus & uaccis, bidendbus & porcis, depasti 
fuerunt, conculcauenint & consumpserunt, transgr[ediendo] ilia a pre- 
dict© die lune vsque diem impetracionis breuis, diuersis uicibus 
continuand[o], & alia enormia Ac., ad graue dampnum &c., & contra 
pacem regis ; unde dicunt quod deterioratus est & dampnum habet 
ad valenciam mille librarum ; et inde producit sectam &c. Et predict! 
Johannes Smyth & omnes alii per Thomam Hynynden' attomatum 
suum, et [sic] defendit vim & iniuriam quando &c. ; et quoad venire 
vi 8c armis dicit quod in nullo sunt inde culpabiles ; et de hoc ponit se 
super patriam. Et predictus abbas similiter: et quoad residuum 
transgr[essum] &c., dicunt quod dominus rex nunc est dominus 
manerii de Hanebergh : et iidem Ricardus Swerstone, lohannes Mil- 
ward & lohannes Shepherd dicunt quod ipsi sunt tenentes domini 
regis ad voluntatem in eodem manerio. Et dicunt quod locus, ubi 
predictus supponit transgressionem predictam factam fuisse, est quidam 
hamelettus vocatus Tilgerdesle infra bundas ville de Egnesham, infra 
quem hamelettum tam in vastis quam in terris, pratis & pascuis 
eiusdem hameletti iidem lohannes Smyth & omnes alii habent com- 
muniam cum omnimodis aueriis suis tanquam pertinentem ad 
tenementa sua, que ipsi separatim tenent in Hanebergh, scilicet in 
vastis & pasturis quolibet anno per totum annum, & in terris arabilibus 
fol. 75^ post blada | messa & asportata quousque iterum reseminentur, & 
quolibet tercio anno tempore waretti per totum annum, eo quod 
omnes terre arabiles infra eundem hamelettum per duos annos con- 
tinuos debent seminari & tercio anno warectari, et in pratis post 
fenum leuatum & asportatum vsque ad festum Purificacionis beate 
Marie. De qua quidem communia in forma predicta habenda, iidem 
lohannes & alii & omnes tenentes predictorum tenementorum, que 
ipsi modo tenent in Haneberghe, fuerunt seisiti, vt in iure domini 
regis & progenitorum suorum a tempore quo non extat memoria. 
Et dicunt quod diuersis uicibus, quibus predictus abbas nunc queritur 
&c., diuerse parcelle terre arabiliuna [sic] in hameletto predicto, que 
tunc temporis warectare debuissent^ per prediclum abbatem & alios 
seminati fuerunt : per quod ipsij tam in pa reel Hs illis sic seminalts^ 
que tunc temporis warectare debuerunt, quam in aliis vastis, pmtis 
& pascuis hameletti predicti^ communia sua cum aueriis suis, ^ 
eis bene licuit, usi fuerunt; absque hoc quod ipsi 
blada siue herbam ipsius abbatis depasti fucmuL 
sunt verificare. Unde dicunt quod ipsi noQ 




da 

"I 




CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 107 

iniuria in hoc casu in personis suis assignaii possit. £t predictus 
abbas non cognoscit quod terre arabiles infra hamelettum predictum 
quolibet tercio anno debent warectari, immo protestando quod eedem 
terre per tres annos continuos debent seminari & quarto anno 
warectari, Dicunt \sic] quod quidam Thomas de Langeley iam 
decern & octo annis elapsis fecit quandam perambulacionem citra 
forestam de Wychewode, elargando bundas predictas : et dicit quod 
predictus hamelettus est infra les pural[ees]^ eiusdem foreste; per 
quod predicti lohannes Smyth & alii, colore eiusdem perambulacionis 
& per maliciam, vim & potentiam & eorum iniuriam, tam in bladis 
quam in pratis, pascuis & pasturis ipsius abbatis infra hamelettum 
predictum adtunc aueria sua posuerunt, clamando communiam ibidem 
sibi communicari : de iure non deberent, nee vnquam antea fecerunt, 
et sic a tempore illo hucusque diuersis vicibus blada & herbam 
ipsius abbatis ibidem vi & armis depasti fuerunt, absque hoc quod 
predicti lohannes Smyth et alii 8c tenentes predictorum tenementorum, 
que ipsi modo tenent, habuerunt communiam infra hamelettum 
predictum a tempore quo non extat memoria, prout ipsi superius 
allegar[unt] ; et hoc paratus est verificare: unde petit indicium 
& dampna sibi adiudicari &c. £t predicti lohannes & alii dicunt 
quod ipsi & omnes tenentes tenementorum predictorum, que ipsi 
modo tenent, fuerunt seisiti de communia infra hamelettum pre- 
dictum, vt in iure domini regis & progenitorum suorum a tempore 
quo non extat memoria, prout ipsi superius allegarunt £t hoc 
parati simt verificare &c. Set dicunt quod ipsi verificacionem illam 
sine domino rege expectare non possunt ; et petunt | auxilium de fol. 75^. 
domino rege, & habeant &c. Ideo dies datus est partibus predictis, 
hie in octabis sancti Michaelis per iustkiarios ; et interim loquendum 
est ciun domino rege. 



662. 

[Evidence against the claim of the men of Handborough.] 

Adam Blake natus in Tiisgarslcy iuratus & examinatus dicit per 
sacramentum suum, quod homines uillate de Hanberghe nee aliqui alii 
tenentes domini regis de manerio suo de Wodestoke, qui sunt de 
,rirti«^ '*"minico, aliquam communionem habent infra manerium de 
ec in aliquibus parcellis eiusdem manerii nisi tantum in le 
garsle & in le Heyeuode. 

* ^pomlccfij^ boimda. 



io8 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Willelmus Bodde natiis in eadem villa, iuratus &. ezaminatus, concor- 
dat in omnibus, sicut predictus Adam. 

Henricus Leuen' natus in eadem, iuratus & examinatus, vt supra 
concordat in omnibus, sicut predictus Adam. 

Walterus Morce, natus in Egnesham, iuratus & examinatus, con- 
cordat in omnibus, vt supra. 

Rich[erjus Cowbram natus in eadem, iuratus & examinatus, 
concordat in omnibus, vt supra. 

Rogerus Browne natus in eadem, iuratus &. examinatus, concordat 
in omnibus, vt supra. 

Frater lohannes de Oxon', frater Robertus de Bamptone, com- 
monachi testantur quod numquam in tempore suo aliquam calumpniam 
seu demandam clamarunt homines de Hanneburgh' infra villam de 
Egnesham seu in aliqua parcella eiusdem ville nisi tantum com- 
munionem in le Hethe de Tilgarsle & in le Hyewode. 

663. 

[Oath of Richard de Brehulle that, if he is presented to 
the church of Tetbury, he will accept whatever arrange- 
ments the Bishop makes about a vicarage.] 

foL 76^. In dei nomine. Amen. Ego Ricardus de Brehulle tal[iter] iuro ad 
Oct 8» hec sancti dei euangelia, quod ab isto die & deinceps ero fidelis, gratus 
i36x* & beniuolus reuerendis dominis meis domino abbati & conuentui 
monasterii de Egnesham ordinis sancti Benedicti, Lincolniensis 
diocesis, & eorum successoribus & ecclesie dicti monasterii &c. ; et si 
de gratia sua & intuitu caritatis contingat dictos dominos meos me 
presentare ad vicariam parochialis ecclesie de Tettebery, Wygomiensis 
diocesis, iam vacantem & ad eorum presentacionem spectantem, eciam 
iuratus ad eadem euangelia, quod habita induccione dicte vicarie infra 
XV dies proximo sequentes dominum episcopmn Wigomiensem 
adhibo ^ personaliter, & ipsum requiram diligenter & cum effectu, & 
ordinadoni sue alte & basse me submittam, vt dictam vicariam 
dignetur ordinare congruenter & non superfine : et eciam iuro quod 
ordinacionem dicti domini episcopi acceptabo & contentus ero : nee 
inde, quomodocunque ordinauerit, brigam ' cum dominis meis predictis 
habebo seu querelam faciam cuicunque, si deus me adiuuet & hec 
sancta dei euangelia &c. 

Facta fuit hec in parua aula domini abbatis infra monasterium 
predictmn octauo die mensis Octobris anno domini mccclxio, presenti- 

* i.e.'adibo\ ' 'dispute*: Ducange. 






> 



(A 

X 

> 



& 




CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 109 

bus domino abbate, fratre Nicolao de Vptone, fratribus lohanne de 
Huntyngdone, Willelmo de Persheor monachis dicti monasterii & 
lohanne Hardewyke clerico & aliis. 

664. 

Consideratum fuit iio non[as] August! anno xiio regni regis lohannis 
[&c. = No. 184, vol. i, p. 135]. 

665. 

Assisa capta [&c. = No. 510, vol. i, p. 346]. 

666. 

Transcriptum bieuis [&c. = No. 51 1, vol. i» p. 347]. 

667. 

Stokes ft Wodecote. 

Abbas de Egnesham tenet totam villam de Stoke cum duabus hidis foL Tf. 
teire arabilis & cum ix acris prati & dimid[ia] Tami8[ia] in dominico [ia79«*] 
videlicet de molendino de Stoke Marmyoim vsque ad Merewey : item 
habet 1 acras de bosco, & in communi breur[ia] * be acras. Item tenet 
vnum molendinum ventriceum; & omnia prenominata habuit in 
ezcambio de episcopo Lincolniensi ; ft de predicto episcopo 
omnia tenet predicta in feodo. £t dictus abbas facit sectam ad 
hundredum Dorkecestrie de tribus septimanis in tres septimanas. 
Item post decessum cuiuslibet abbatis dictus episcopus dictum 
manerium in manu sua tenebit, quousque alius foerit electus in 
abbatem. Item idem abbas tenet de feodo Nicholai de Bredecote 
vnam virgatam terre & ix acras, & Agnes Ferer' • de Waljmforde tenet 
de eodem tenemento capitale mesuagium ciun ii acris de eodem feodo 
ft dat per annum dicto abbati pro omni seruicio iii solidos, saluo 
seruido domini regis, quantum ad iUam terram pertinet. Item 
priorissa de Goryng tenet dimidiam acram terre de eodem tenente. 
Item idem abbas habet in eadem villa tenentes qui tenent de ipso in 
villenagio xxviii ^ virgates terre ft reddent abbati per annum cix s.° cum 

> This deed is the beginning and * ' Ferrant/ ff. JR, 

ending of the account of the manor * <xxii' in H, jR., where, however, 

given in the Hundred Rolls, voL ii, twenty-five virgates are enumerated, 

p. 750. • 'cxs.'in^.^. 

" ' De Breuerc,' Hundred Rolls. 



no CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

aliis seruiciis, cecabunt^ blada 8c cariabunt & pratum falcabunt & caria- 
bunt, & quilibet eorum arabit dimidiam acram. Item, quilibet eonim 
cariabit apud Egnesham dimidium quarterium bladi ' : item debent 
esse quolibet anno tallati ad uoluntatem dicti abbatis. 

Wodecote : idem abbas habet tenentes in hameleto de Wodecote, 
qui tenent de eo xiii virgatas terre; de quibas consueuit recipere 
secundum quod de custumariis suis in Stoke, & modo seruicia eonun 
conuertantur in den[arios], & recipiet quolibet anno de qualibet virgata 
terre xii s. annui redditus. Ricardus de la Hyde tenet in Wodecote 
unum mesuagium cum iiii virgatis terre de Willelmo de Walden' • de 
feodo Hauberl' * & dabit scutagium dicto Willelmo quando cunit. Idem 
tenet unam croftam que vocatur Bertrammes* croft de abbate de 
Egnesham pro xii d. annui redditus per annum pro omni seruicio, 
salua una secta ad curiam dicti abbatis de Stoke. Willelmus de 
Wodecote tenet iiii virgatas terre de predicto abbate pro xxxiiii s. vi d. 
pro omni seruicio, salua secta hundredi Dorkecestrie & curie domini 
abbatis : & tenetur per socagium. lohannes de la Briche tenet tres 
virgatas terre pro xxvi s. viii d. annui redditus pro omni seruicio, salua 
secta himdredi Dorkecestrie & curie dicti abbatis, & tenetur per 
socagium. Willelmus de la Dene tenet tres virgatas terre & vnam 
acram pasture pro xxii s. annui reddims pro omni seruicio, salua secta 
hundredi Dorkecestrie & curie dicti abbatis, & tenetur per socagium. 
lohanna ErdyM tenet ii virgatas terre pro vii s. annui redditus pro 
omni seruicio, & faciet seclam hundredi Dorkecestrie & curie dicti 
abbatis, & tenetur per socagium, lohannes Erlput "^ tenet ii virgatas 
terre pro xxviii s. annui redditus pro omni seruicio, salua secta 
hundredi Dorkecestrie & curie dicti abbatis. 

Memorandum quod omnes liberi tenentes in Wodcote tenent de 
abbate de Egnesham per socagium. | 

[folio 77^ is blank] 

668. 

fol.78^ Appropriatio ecclesie parochialis de Hikiltone. 

Sept u Sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentes litteras inspecturis, lohannes 
1351. permissione diuina Wigomiensis episcopus salutem in eo qui est 

^ Probably for 'secabant* : the word grain*. In H, R, it is as < quarterium 

might be read < cerabunt ' » ' serabunt ', bladi '. 

but ' serrare *, though it mean < to unite ', * ' Baldon ' in Hundred Rolls, 

does not seem to be used of gathering * ' Hauberk ' in H, R. 

corn together. In If, R, the reading is ' ' Berteram * in H. R, 

* cotabunt *. • « Ardel ' in //. R. 

' * quarterium i bladi,' MS., perhaps ' ' Ossessput ' in H, R, 

meaning 'a quarter of one kind of 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM iii 

omnium vera salus. Pastoralis officii solicitudo continua requirit 
& mentem nostram velud cotidiana instanda stimulat & inducit 
vt religiosis viris, presertim illis qui laudabiliter deo seruientes tarn 
in spiritualibus quam in temporalibus suis, quominus congnie susten- 
tari & onera eis incumbentia supportare ualeant, dispendia paciuniur, 
pateme prouisionis dexteram extendamus. Sane religiosorum virorum 
abbatis & conuentus ecclesie sancte Marie de Egnesham Lincolniensis 
diocesis nobis oblata peticio continebat, quod eorum prouentus, de 
quibus sustentari solebant, per amissionem possessionum suarum 
& dampna varia eis multipliciter iUata adeo attenuantur, quod ad 
eorum congruam sustentacionem 8c onerum eis incumbenciiun supporta- 
cionem residue proprie non suppetunt facultates. Quare nobis humiliter 
supplicarunt vt ad eos paterne compassionis oculos dirigentes eccle- 
siam parochialem de Mukeltone nostre diocesis, in qua ipsi ius 
optinent patronatus, eis & eorum ecclesie conuentuali predicte ex 
causis predictis 8c aliis racionabilibus inferius expressatis annectere 
& vnire ac in vsus proprios concedere vellemus intuitu caritatis. 
Nos igitur gregis dominiciS cui permittente domino licet inmeriti 
presidemus, disiderantes, vt tenemur, consulere necessitatibus, 8c 
ipsius comoda quatenus cum deo possimus procurare, ac eorum 
indigenciis de bonis spiritualibus prouidere, cum ex precepto canonis 
stipendiis ecclesiasticis sustentari debeant, qui ipsius officiis specialiter 
ascribuntur, attendentes eciam dictos religiosos eris alieni sarcina 
oneratos & ad eos in strata publica constitutos magnatum superueni- 
encium 8c hospitum confluere multitudinem, ipsosque diuersis imposi- 
tionibus 8c angariis multiplicibus, quibus ecclesia Anglicana plus solito 
infestatur 8c concutitur hiis diebus, quam plurimum pregrauari; 
premissis omnibus consideratis, necnon serenissimi principis & domini 
nostri Edwardi dei gracia regis Anglie illustris optentu, qui pro 
religiosis predictis & eorum in hac parte expedicione negocii specialiter 
nos rogauit, ad laudem 8c gloriam omnipotentis dei & beatissime 
virginis Marie in cuius honore dicta ecclesia conuentualis specialiter 
est fundata, omniumque sanctorum ' preconium 8c honorem, prefatam 
ecclesiam de Mukeltone ex causis premissis, quas per solertem 8c 
diligentem inquisicionem, quam in hac parte fieri fecimus, euidentes 
& ueras esse reperimus, prefate | ecclesie conuentualis abbali & fol. 78^ 
conuentui eiusdem tam presentibus quam futuris, prehabito tractatu 
diligenti, serioso, & solempni cum capitulo ecclesie nostre cathedralis 
Wigomiensis, concurrentibus eciam & habitis onmibus & singulis, que 
de iure seu consuetudine requiruntur & que necessaria fiierunt 

' Sic. ^ saorum, MS. 



104 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

659. 
fol. 74^ Breue inter abbatem de Egnesham ft tenentes de 

Haneburghe pro exaltacione molendini. 

[?i93o] Rex uicecomiti Oxon' salutem. Ostenderunt nobis homines nostri 
de Haneburghe grauiter conquerentes, quod abbas Egneshamie in 
preiudicium iuris nostri & in graue dampnum predictorum hominum 
stagnum molendinorum suorum de Egnesham iniuste & sine iudicio 
exaltauit ad nocumentum prati nostri, alias nobis &. eis grauis & 
iniuriosus existens ex eo quod non permittit eos habere communiam 
suam pasture in terra ipsius abbatis de Egnesham nee porkerias suas 
in bosco ipsius abbalis leuare ^ & fugeras • in eo capere sicut tempo- 
ribus predecessorum nostrorum regum Anglie & tempore nostro, 
vsque ad tempus abbatis qui nimc est, facere consueuerunt. Et ideo 
tibi precipimus quod assumptis tecum probis & legalibus hominibus 
de comitatu tuo, de vicinioribus scilicet & aliis, qui melius sciant 
inde veritatem, vocato ad hoc predicto abbate, in presencia sua per 
sacramentum predictorum diligenter inquiras vtrum ipse abbas sta- 
gnum suum exaltauerit, sicut predictum est : et si predicti homines 
nostri debeant & consueuerint habere communiam in terra ipsius 
abbatis in Egnesham & porkerias in bosco suo leuare, & fugeram 
in eo capere. Et si per inquisicionem illam tibi constiterit quod 
ipse abbas stagnum suum ita exaltauerit, & quod predicti homines 
nostri in terra sua & bosco ipsius abbatis habere debeant & consue- 
uerint hec predicta, tunc per sacramentiun eorundem stagnum 
predictum mensurari facias, sicut esse debet & consueuit, faciens 
similiter eosdem homines nostros omnia predicta habere in terra 
& bosco ipsius abbatis sicut habere debuerunt & consueuerunt. 
T.&c* 

660. 

[7 1230] lurata inter abbatem de Egnesham ft tenentes de 

Haneberge pro communia de Egnesham. 

lurata inter abbatem de Egnesham & homines domini regis de 
Haneberge de stagno, parcariis [sic], pascuis, & feugera : Robertus 
de Rothomago, Willelmus de Broke, Ottowell' de Esthalle, Petrus de 
Kersyngtone, Willelmus le Fratmkelayn de Thorpe, Nicholaus Piscator 
de Somerforde, Walterus le Canter', Radulfus de Wottone, Martinus 

* 'Set up their pig-sties.* 350, where it occurs in a hand of the 
« * feugera,* fern. thiiteenth century. 

* This deed is the same as vol. L no. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 105 

de Bladene, Rogerus Rouncy, Petrus de Shiptone & Stephanus de 
Mora, qui dicunt sui)er sacramentum suum quod abbas de Egnesham 
in dampnum tenencium domini regis de Haneberge exaltare fecit 
stagnum molendinonim suonim de Egnesham per dimidium pedem 
alcius quam debuit & hoc per duos annos prozimos; quolibet anno 
dictonim duorum annorum dampna taxata ad xx s. : dicunt eciam 
super sacramentiun suum quod tenentes de Haneberge nullam habent 
communiam in campis de Egnesham, neque abbas in campis de 
Haneberge ; sed dicti tenentes de Haneberge bene habent & habere 
consueuerunt conmiuniam cum bestiis suis in bruera & bosco de la 
Heyewode. Item dicunt super sacramentum suum quod tempore 
regis H. patris regis lohannis & tempore tunc Godefridi abbatis 
Egnesham uenerunt homines de Haneberge 8c loquebantur cum 
domino abbate & celerario eiusdem domus, vt possint porcarias suas 
habere in bosco suo de la Heyewode, & eis concesserunt per sic 
quod quilibet homo de manerio de Haneberge faceret eis duas 
precarias autmnpnales apud Egnesham sine cibo: et vt quilibet 
homo daret vnam gallinam ad Natale Domini & ad Pascha x ou[a] 
gallin[arum], dum etiam placuit abbati. Dicunt etiam super sacra- 
mentiun suum, quod dicti tenentes de Haneburghe nullas feugeras in 
bruera dicti abbatis capere debent, & si capiant, per ministros abbatis 
attach[iandi] sunt & in curia abbatis amerc[iandi] sunt pro huiusmodi 
delicto. 

661. 

Pladta de Haneberge, inter recorda de Banco de foL 74T 
termino sancte Trinitatis anno xliiio. 

Oxon. lohannes Smyth, lohannes Freman, Robertus Wilkjm, i37o« 
Ricardus Swerstone, Thomas Stillen, Robertus Blowynd, Thomas 
Sauage, Ricardus atte Hacche, lohannes Milward, WiUelmus Girisshe, 
Waltenis Wynter & lohannes Shepherd in misericordia pro pluribus 
defaltis &c. lidem lohannes Smyth & alii attachiati fuerunt ad 
respondendum abbati de Egnesham de placito quare iidem simul 
cum Thoma Caue capellano, vi & armis, blada & herbam ipsius 
abbatis apud Egnesham nuper crescentia ad ualenciam ducentarum 
librarum cum quibusdam aueriis depasti fuerunt, conculcauerunt & 
consumpserunt & alia enormia ei intulerunt, ad graue dampnum ipsius 
abbatis & contra pacem regis &c. ; et vnde idem abbas per lohannem 
Corbrigge attomatum suum queritur, quod predicti lohannes & omnes 
alii similiter &c. die lune proxima post festum Natalis sancti lohannis 
Baptiste anno regni domini regis nunc tricesimo, vi Sc armis, scilicet 



io6 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

gladiis, arcubus, 9agittis & baculis blada, uidelicet frumentum & 
ordeum & siliginem, fabas, pisas & auenas & herbam ipsius abbatis 
apud Egnesham nuper crescentia ad valenciam &c. cum quibusdam 
aueriis, uidelicet equis, bobus & uaccis, bideniibus & porcis, depasli 
fuerant, conculcauerunt & consumpserunt, transgr[ediendo] ilia a pre- 
dict© die lune vsque diem impetracionis breuis, diuersis uicibus 
continuand[o], & alia enormia &c., ad graue dampnum &c., & contra 
pacem regis ; unde dicunt quod deterioratus est & dampnum habet 
ad valenciam mille librarum ; et inde producit ?ectam &c. Et predicti 
Johannes Smyth & omnes alii per Thomam Hynynden' attomatum 
suum, et [sic\ defendit vim & iniuriam quando &c. ; et quoad venire 
vi & armis dicit quod in nullo sunt inde culpabiles ; et de hoc ponit se 
super patriam. Et predictus abbas similiter: et quoad residuum 
transgr[e8sum] &c, dicunt quod dominus rex nunc est dominus 
manerii de Hanebergh : et iidem Ricardus Swerstone, lohannes Mil- 
ward & lohannes Shepherd dicunt quod ipsi sunt tenentes domini 
regis ad voluntatem in eodem manerio. Et dicunt quod locus, ubi 
predictus supponit transgressionem predictam factam fuisse, est quidam 
hamelettus vocatus Tilgerdesle infra bundas ville de Egnesham, infra 
quem hamelettum tam in vastis quam in terris, pratis 8c pascuis 
eiusdem hameletti iidem lohannes Smyth & omnes alii habent com- 
muniam cum omnimodis aueriis suis tanquam pertinentem ad 
tenementa sua, que ipsi separatim tenent in Hanebergh, scilicet in 
vastis 8c pasturis quolibet anno per totum annum, & in terris arabilibus 
fol. 75^ post blada | messa & asportata quousque iterum. reseminentur, & 
quolibet tercio anno tempore waretti per totum annum, eo quod 
omnes terre arabiles infra eundem hamelettum per duos annos con- 
tinuos debent seminari & tercio anno warectari, et in pratis post 
fenum leuatum & asportatum vsque ad festum Purificacionis beate 
Marie. De qua quidem communia in forma predicta habenda, iidem 
lohannes & alii & omnes tenentes predictorum tenementorum, que 
ipsi modo tenent in Haneberghe, fuerunt seisiti, vt in lure domini 
regis 8c progenitorum suorum a tempore quo non extat memoria. 
Et dicunt quod diuersis uicibus, quibus predictus abbas nunc queritur 
&c., diuerse parcelle terre arabilium [sic] in hameletto predicto, que 
tunc temporis warectare debuissent, per predictum abbatem & alios 
seminati fuerunt : per quod ipsi, tam in parcellis illis sic seminatis, 
que tunc temporis warectare debuerunt, quam in aliis vastis, pratis 
& pascuis hameletti predicti, communia sua cum aueriis suis, prout 
eis bene licuit, usi fuerunt; absque hoc quod ipsi aliis temporibus 
blada sine herbam ipsius abbatis depasti fuerunt Et hoc parati 
sunt verificare. Unde dicunt quod ipsi non intendunt quod aliqua 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 107 

iniuria in hoc casu in personis suis assignari possit. Et predictus 
abbas non cognoscit quod terre arabiles infra hamelettum predictum 
quolibet tercio anno debent warectari, inimo protestando quod eedem 
terre per tres annos continuos debent seminari & quarto anno 
warectari. Dicunt \sic] quod quidam Thomas de Langeley iam 
decern & octo annis elapsis fecit quandam perambulacionem citra 
forestam de Wychewode, elargando bundas predictas : et dicit quod 
predictus hamelettus est infra les pural[ees]^ eiusdem foreste; per 
quod predicti lohannes Smyth & alii, colore eiusdem perambulacionis 
& per maliciam, vim & potentiam & eorum iniuriam, tarn in bladis 
quam in pratis, pascuis & pasturis ipsius abbatis infra hamelettum 
predictum adtunc aueria sua posuerunt, clamando communiam ibidem 
sibi communicari : de iure non deberent, nee vnquam antea fecerunt, 
et sic a tempore illo hucusque diuersis vicibus blada & herbam 
ipsius abbatis ibidem vi & armis depasti fuerunt, absque hoc quod 
predicti lohannes Smyth et alii & tenentes predictorum tenementorum, 
que ipsi modo tenent, habuerunt communiam infra hamelettum 
predictum a tempore quo non extat memoria, prout ipsi superius 
allegar[unt]; et hoc paratus est V4;rificare: unde petit indicium 
& dampna sibi adiudicari &c. £t predicti lohannes & alii dicunt 
quod ipsi 8c omnes tenentes tenementorum predictorum, que ipsi 
modo tenent, fuerunt seisiti de communia infra hamelettum pre- 
dictum, vt in iure domini regis & progenitorum suorum a tempore 
quo non extat memoria, prout ipsi superius allegarunt £t hoc 
parati sunt verificare &c. Set dicunt quod ipsi verificacionem illam 
sine domino rege expectare non possunt ; et petunt | auxilium de fol. 1^, 
domino rege, & habeant &c. Ideo dies datus est partibus predictis, 
hie in octabis sancti Michaelis per iusticiarios ; et interim loquendum 
est cum domino rege. 



662. 

[Evidence against the claim of the men of Handborough.] 

Adam Blake natus in Tilsgarsley iuratus & examinatus dicit per 
sacramentum suum, quod homines uillate de Hanberghe nee aliqui alii 
tenentes domini regis de manerio suo de Wodestoke, qui sunt de 
antiquo dominico, aliquam commimionem habent infra manerium de 
Egnesham nee in aliquibus parcellis eiusdem manerii nisi tantum in le 
Hethe de Tilgarsle & in le Heyewode. 

* ' poralees,* bonnda. 



lo8 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Willelmus Bodde natus in eadem villa, iuratus & examinatus, concor- 
dat in omnibus, sicut predictus Adam. 

Henricus Leuen' natus in eadem, iuratus & examinatus, vt supra 
concordat in omnibus, sicut predictus Adam. 

Walterus Morce, natus in Egnesham, iuratus & examinatus, con- 
cordat in omnibus, vt supra. 

Rich[er]us Cowbram natus in eadem, iuratus & examinatus, 
concordat in omnibus, vt supra. 

Rogerus Browne natus in eadem, iuratus & examinatus, concordat 
in omnibus, vt supra. 

Frater lohannes de Oxon', frater Robertus de Bamptone, com- 
monachi testantur quod numquam in tempore suo aliquam calumpniam 
seu demandam clamarunt homines de Hanneburgh' infra villam de 
Egnesham seu in aliqua parcella eiusdem ville nisi tantum com- 
munionem in le Hethe de Tilgarsle & in le Hyewode. 

663. 

[Oath of Richard de Brehulle that, if he is presented to 
the church of Tetbury, he wUl accept whatever arrange- 
ments the Bishop makes about a vicarage.] 

foL 76^. In dei nomine. Amen. Ego Ricardus de Brehulle tal[iter] iuro ad 
Oct 8, hec sancti dei euangelia, quod ab isto die & deinceps ero fidelis, gratus 
1361. A beniuolus reuerendis dominis meis domino abbati & conuentui 
monasterii de Egnesham ordinis sancti Benedicti, Lincolniensis 
diocesis, & eorum successoribus & ecclesie dicti monasterii &c. ; et si 
de gratia sua & intuitu caritatis contingat dictos dominos meos me 
presentare ad vicariam parochialis ecclesie de Tettebery, Wygomiensis 
diocesis, iam vacantem & ad eorum presentacionem spectantem, eciam 
iuratus ad eadem euangelia, quod habita induccione dicte vicarie infra 
XV dies proximo sequentes dominum episcopum Wigomiensem 
adhibo * personaliter, & ipsum requiram diligenter & cum efifectu, & 
ordinacioni sue alte & basse me submittam, vt dictam vicariam 
dignetur ordinare congruenter & non superfine : et edam iuro quod 
ordinacionem dicti domini episcopi acceptabo & contentus ero : nee 
inde, quomodocunque ordinauerit, brigam* cum dominis meis predictis 
habebo seu querelam &:iam cuicunque, si deus me adiuuet & hec 
sancta dei euangelia &c. 

Facta fuit hec in parua aula domini abbatis infra monasterium 
predictum octauo die mensis Octobris anno domini mccclxio, presenti- 

* i.e.'adibo*. ' 'dispute*: Dacange. 



5* 



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w 

Ui 

X 

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^ 



m 



'J^n Tim' ** > * *" 












. 



s 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 109 

bus domino abbate, fratre Nicolao de Vptone, fratribus lohanne de 
Huntyngdone, Willelmo de Persheor monachis dicti monasterii & 
lohanne Hardewyke clerico & aliis. 

664. 

Consideratum fuit !!<> non[as] August! anno zii^ regni regis lohannis 
[&c. = No. 184, vol. i, p. 135]. 

665. 

Assisa capta [&c. = No. 510, vol. i, p. 346]. 

666. 

Transcriptum breuis [Ac. = No. 511, vol. i, p. 347]. 

667. 

Stokes & Wodecote. 

Abbas de Egnesham tenet totam villam de Stoke cum duabus hidis fol. 77'. 
terre arabilis & cum ix acris prati & dimid[ia] Tami8[ia] in dominico [m79-*] 
videlicet de molendino de Stoke Marmyoim vsque ad Merewey : item 
habet 1 acras de bosco, & in communi breur[ia]* Ix acras. Item tenet 
vnum molendinum ventriceum; & omnia prenominata habuit in 
excambio de episcopo Lincolniensi ; ft de predicto episcopo 
omnia tenet predicta in feodo. £t dictus abbas facit sectam ad 
hundredum Dorkecestrie de tribus septimanis in tres septimanas. 
Item post decessum cuiuslibet abbatis dictus episcopus dictum 
manerium in manu sua tenebit, quousque alius fuerit electus in 
abbatem. Item idem abbas tenet de feodo Nicholai de Bredecote 
vnam virgatam terre & ix acras, & Agnes Ferer' • de Walynforde tenet 
de eodem tenemento capitale mesuagium cum ii acris de eodem feodo 
ft dat per annum dicto abbati pro omni seruicio iii solidos, saluo 
seruicio domini regis, quantum ad illam terram pertinet. Item 
priorissa de Goryng tenet dimidiam acram terre de eodem tenente. 
Item idem abbas habet in eadem villa tenentes qui tenent de ipso in 
villenagio xxviii ^ virgates terre & reddent abbati per annum cix s." cum 

' This deed is tlie beginning and ' ' Femnt/ ff, R, 

ending of the stccoimt of the manor * 'xzii* in ff, R„ where, however, 

given in the Hundrtd Rolls, voL U, twenty-five virgates are enmneiated. 
p. 750. • 'Qx^'mff.R. 

* * De Brcuere,' ffundnd Rolls. 



no CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

aliis seniiciiSi cecabunt* blada & cariabunt & pratum falcabunt & caria- 
bunt, & quilibet eorum arabit dimidiam acram. Item, quilibet eonim 
cariabit apud Egnesham dimidium quarterium bladi*: item debent 
esse quolibet anno tallati ad uoluntatem dicti abbatis. 

Wodecote : idem abbas habet tenentes in hameleto de Wodecote, 
qui tenent de eo xiii virgatas terre; de quibus consueuit recipere 
secundum quod de custumariis suis in Stoke, & modo seruicia eorum 
conuertantur in den[arios], & recipiet quolibet anno de qualibet virgata 
terre xii s. annui redditus. Ricardus de la Hyde tenet in Wodecote 
unum mesuagium cum iiii virgatis terre de Willelmo de Walden' • de 
feodo Hauberl' ^ & dabit scutagium dicto Willelmo quando currit. Idem 
tenet unam croftam que vocatur Bertrammes' croft de abbate de 
Egnesham pro xii d. annui redditus per annum pro omni seruicio, 
salua una secta ad curiam dicti abbatis de Stoke. Willelmus de 
Wodecote tenet iiii virgatas terre de predicto abbate pro xxxiiii s. vi d. 
pro omni seruicio, salua secta hundred! Dorkecestrie & curie domini 
abbatis : & tenetur per socagium. lohannes de la Briche tenet tres 
virgatas terre pro xxvi s. viii d. annui redditus pro omni seruicio, salua 
secta hundredi Dorkecestrie & curie dicti abbatis, & tenetur per 
socagium. Willelmus de la Dene tenet tres virgatas terre & vnam 
acram pasture pro xxii s. annui reddims pro omni seruicio, salua secta 
hundredi Dorkecestrie & curie dicti abbatis, & tenetur per socagium. 
lohanna Erdyl * tenet ii virgatas terre pro vii s. annui redditus pro 
omni seruicio, & faciet sectam hundredi Dorkecestrie & curie dicti 
abbatis, & tenetur per socagium. lohannes Eriput ^ tenet ii virgatas 
terre pro xxviii s. annui redditus pro omni seruicio, salua secta 
hundredi Dorkecestrie & curie dicti abbatis. 

Memorandum quod omnes liberi tenentes in Wodcote tenent de 
abbate de Egnesham per socagium. | 

[folio Tp is blank] 

668. 

fol.78^ Appropriatio ecclesie parochialis de Mikiltone. 

Sept. 14 Sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentes litteras inspecturis, lohaimes 
1351. permissione diuina Wigorniensis episcopus salutem in eo qui est 

^ Probably for 'secabnnt* : the word crain'. In II, R. it is as ' quarterium 

might be read < cerabuDt ' * ' serabnnt ', oladi '. 

but ' serrare *, though it mean ' to unite \ * ' Baldon ' in Hundred Rolls, 

does not seem to be used of gathering * ' Hauberk ' ia J/, R, 

corn together. In If. R, the reading is * ' Berteram *\nII.R, 

« cotabunt \ • • Ardel ' in //. R, 

* ' quarterium i bladi,* MS., perhaps * 'Ossesspnt' in H. R. 
meaning * a quarter of one kind of 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM in 

omnium vera salus. Pastoralis officii solicitudo continua requirit 
& mentem nostram velud cotidiana instancia slimulat & inducit 
vt religiosis viris, presertim illis qui laudabiliter deo seruientes tarn 
in spiritualibus quam in temporalibus suis, quominus congrue susten- 
tari & onera eis incumbentia supportare ualeant, dispendia paciuniur, 
pateme prouisionis dexteram extendamus. Sane religiosonim virorum 
abbatis & conuentus ecclesie sancte Marie de Egnesham Lincolniensis 
diocesis nobis oblata peticio continebat, quod eorum prouentus, de 
quibus sustentari solebant, per amissionem possessionum suarum 
& dampna vana eis multipliciter iUata adeo attenuantur, quod ad 
eormn congruam sustentacionem & onenim eis incumbencium supporta- 
cionem residue proprie non suppetunt facultates. Quare nobis humiliter 
supplicarunt vt ad eos paterae compassionis oculos dirigentes eccle- 
siam parochialem de Mukeltone nostre diocesis, in qua ipsi ius 
optinent patronatus, eis & eorum ecclesie conuentuali predicte ex 
causis predictis & aliis racionabilibus inferius expressatis annectere 
& vnire ac in vsus proprios concedere vellerous intuitu caritatis. 
Nos igitur gregis dominid S cui permittente domino licet inmeriti 
presidemus, disiderantes, vt tenemur, consulere necessitatibus^ & 
ipsius comoda quatenus cum deo possimus procurare, ac eorum 
indigenciis de bonis spiritualibus prouidere, cum ex precepto canonis 
sdpendiis ecclesiasticis sustentari debeant, qui ipsius officiis specialiter 
ascribuntur, attendentes eciam dictos religiosos eris alieni sarcina 
oneratos & ad eos in strata publica constitutos magnatum superueni- 
encium & hospitum confluere multitudinem, ipsosque diuersis imposi- 
tionibus &, angariis multiplicibus, quibus ecclesia Anglicana plus solito 
infestatur & concutitur hiis diebus, quam plurimum pregrauari; 
premissis omnibus consideratis, necnon serenissimi principis & domini 
nostri Edwardi dei gracia regis Anglie illuslris optentu, qui pro 
religiosis predictis & eorum in hac parte expedicione negocii specialiter 
nos rogauit, ad laudem & gloriam omnipotentis dei & beatissime 
virginis Marie in cuius honore dicta ecclesia conuentualis specialiter 
est fundata, omniumque sanctorum ' preconium & honorem, prefatam 
ecclesiam de Mukeltone ex causis premissis, quas per solertem & 
diligentem inquisicionem, quam in hac parte fieri fecimus, euidentes 
& ueras esse reperimus, prefate | ecclesie conuentualis abbati & fol. 78^. 
conuentui eiusdem tam presentibus quam futuris, prehabito tractatu 
diligenti, serioso, & solempni cum capitulo ecclesie nostre cathedralis 
Wigorniensis, concurrentibus eciam & habitis omnibus & singulis, que 
de iure seu consuetudine requinmtur & que necessaria fuerunt 

' Sic* * snomm, MS. 



iia CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

quoxnodolibet in bac parte, pro predictis & aliis ipsonim & dlcte 
abbathie oneribus facilius supportandis unixnus, annectimus & in 
proprios usus concedimus perpecuo possidendam, uolentes vt cedente 
vel decedente dicte ecclesie de Mukeltone nunc rectore liceat prefatis 
religiosis dicte ecclesie corporalem possessionem apprehendere, nancisci 
& retinere, ac fnictus, prouentus, & obuenciones ipsius percipere in 
vsus suos proprios libere conuertendos : reseniata tamen congrua 
porcione eonindem fnictuum perpetuo vicario qui pro tempore fuerit 
in eadem ecclesia seruituro, nobis & successoribus nostris per predictos 
religiosos perpetuis temporibus canonice presentando, ac per nos & 
successores nostros instituendo in eadem ; quam in certis prouentibus, 
fructibus & obuencionibus eiusdem ecclesie debito tempore ordinare 
intendimus & taxare: de qua idem vicarius congrue sustentari & 
onera per ordinacionem nostram & successorum nostrorum eidem 
imponenda ualeat supportare, dignitate, consuetudine & honore nostris 
& successorum nostrorum ecclesie nostre cathedralis Wigomiensis ad 
loci archidiaconi in omnibus semper saluis. Ceterum ne prefati 
religiosi seu ipsorum abbathia cum nostra uel successorum nostrorum 
locupletentur iactura, quin pocius vt emolumenta que actenus tam 
vacacionum ipsius ecclesie quam aliis temporibus episcopis Wigor- 
niensibus de eadem ecclesia & eiusdem fructibus solebant multipliciter 
prouenire, que amodo cessare perpendimus, condigne & debite 
conpescenlur, de ipsorum religiosorum expresso consensu & assensu 
annuam pensionem vnius marce sterlingorum singulis annis in festo 
sancti Michaelis nobis & successoribus nostris predictis ab eisdem 
religiosis de fructibus & obuencionibus dicte ecclesie postquam eius 
possessionem virtute unionis, appropriacionis & concessionis predicta- 
rum adepti fueriht, integre persoluendam tenore presenciam reseruamus 
& eciam ordinamus ; cuius quidem onus pensionis religiosis predictis ac 
ecclesie de Mukeltone prefate de ipsorum vt premittitur expresso con- 
sensu nunc vt extunc inponimus per presentes. In quorum [&c. 
sealing]. Datum apud Wynchecombe xxiiii*® die mensis Septembris 
anno domini mcccu & nostre translacionis tercio. 



669. 

fol. 79^ Unio ecclesie de Mikiltone. 

Jan. 19, Uniuersis [&c.] lohannes prior ecclesie cathedralis Wygorniensis & 

i35i' eiusdem loci capitulum salutem in eo qui est omnium vera salus. 

Scriptum venerabilis patris & domini, domini lohannis, dei gracia 

Wygorniensis episcopi, inspcximus continens hunc tenorem : — * Sancte 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 113 

[&c. as in 668].' Nos igitur, prior & capitulum Wygorniense predict!, ft>l« So^* 
dictas unionexn, annexionem, apprppriacionem & concessionem per 
predictum venerabilem patrem de consensu nostro, & prehabito 
diligenti & solempni tractatu, nobiscum vt premittitur facto, ratas 
habentes & gratas, ipsas auctoritate ecclesie nostre cathedralis quantum 
in nobis est & ex certa nostra sciencia ratificamus, approbamus & 
confirmamus ac presentibus litteris sigillum capituli nostri commune 
apponi fecimus in fidem & testimonium premissorum. Datum in 
capitulo nostro Wygorniensi xii die mensis lanuarii anno domini 
supradicto. 

670. 

[The ordination of a vicarage at Mickleton.] 

Uniuersis sancte matris ecclesie filiis ad quos presentes littere per- May 35, 
uenerint lohannes permissione diuina Wygomiensis episcopus salutem '35^ 
in omnium saluatore. Cum nos ecclesiam parochialem de Mukeltone 
nostre diocesis, habito tractatu solempni cum priore & capitulo ecclesie 
nostre Wygomiensis, de ipsorum prions & capituli consensu unanimi 
religiosis uiris abbati & conuentui monasterii beate Marie de Egnesham 
Lincolniensis diocesis ex certis causis & legitimis appropriauerimus & 
fhictus eiusdem ipsis rite concesserimus in usus suos proprios perpetuo 
possidendos, reseruata nobis & successoribus nostris ordinacione per- 
pctui vicarii in eadem seruituri & porcionis congrue eidem vicario de 
fructibus ipsius ecclesie assignande ; nos uolentes super hiis, vt con- 
uenit, ordinare & porcionem dicti vicarii iuxta valorem fructuum ipsius 
ecclesie racionabiliter moderari, habita consideracione debita ad inquisi- 
cionem quam super valore dicte ecclesie fieri fecimus & ad alia que nos 
mouere possent in hac parte, inuocata spiritus sancti gracia, ordinamus 
& decernimus quod dicti abbas & conuentus ad dictam vicariam iam 
& in futurum in singulis vacacionibus dicte vicarie nobis & successoribus 
nostris tempore congruo habeant presentare personam ydoneam, per 
nos & successores nostros instituendam canonice in eadem : pro cuius 
habitacione & sustentacione de consensu expresso dictorum abbalis & 
conuentus concedimus & assignamus totum mansum ex opposito 
cimiterii ipsius ecclesie, domus [sic] beate Marie nuncupatum, ctun 
orto & clausura eidem adiacentibus, tres acras terre, sex carectatas 
feni singtdis annis & decem marcas argenti in pecunia numerata ad 
quatuor anni terminos, uidelicet Natiuitatis sancti lohannis Baptiste, 
sancti Michaelis, Natalis Domini & Pasche per | equales porciones foL 80^. 
sibi per predictos abbatem & conuentum annuatim persoluendas sub 
pena centmn solidorum fabrice ecclesie nostre Wygorniensi-is applican- 
dorum tociens quociens in aliquo dictorum terminorum defecerint in 

u. I 



114 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

solacione pecunie supradicte ; ceteris omnibus dicte ecclesie fructibus, 
redditibus, prouentibus, & possessionibus quibuscunque cum manso 
rectorie eiusdem, edificiis & gardinis eidem pertinentibus penes dictum 
abbatem & conuentum & eorum monasterium perpetuo remansuris. 
Uolumus eciam, statuimus & ordinamus quod abbas & conuentus pre- 
dicti eorumque monasterium onera pensionum, imposicionimiy episco- 
palia, archidiaconalia & alia onera quecunque ordinaria & extraordinaria 
ecclesie de Mukeltone predicte qualitercunque incumbencia, presencia 
& futura, quocunque nomine censeantur, integraliter persoluant, subeant 
& agnoscant. Istam autem ordinacionem nostram ac omnia & singula 
suprascripta robur habere uolumus perpetue firmitatis ; reseruata nobis 
& successoribus nostris plena potestate eam corrigendi, mutandi, 
augendi & minuendi quociens nobis aut eis videbitur expedire, ac 
dignitate, consuetudine & honore nostris & ecclesie nostre cathedralis 
Wigorniensis in omnibus semper saluis. In cuius rei testimonium 
sigillum nostrum fecimus hiis apponi. Data Londonie xxv die Maii, 
anno Domini mccclii & translacionis nostre tercio. 



671. 
Meritone. 

Aug. z6, Uniuersis sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentes litteras inspecturis, 
1357' lohannes permissione [diuina] * Lincolniensis episcopus salutem in eo 
qui est omnium vera salus. Onerosa nimis sollicitudo officii pastoralis, 
cui quanquam inmeriti presidemus, laudabiles acciones attenta con- 
sideracione discuciens, illas pocioris fauoris presidio prosequitur in 
quibus amplioris deuocionis studia contemplatur. Exhibite siquidem 
nobis pro parte dilectorum filiorum abbatis & conuentus monasterii de 
Enesham ordinis sancti Benedicti nostrorum patronatus & diocesis 
peticionis series continebatur, quod ipsorum monasterium prelibatum, 
in quo in pulcro numero monachorum nocte & die deseruitur lauda- 
biliter in diuinis^ uiget religio, & ampla hospitalitas pauperum & 
aliorum hominum confluentium ad idem monasterium iuxta uiam 
regiam situatum obseruari hactenus consueuit, propter temporum 
maliciam & eciam tempestates causasque & lites quas ' tam in curia 
ecclesiastica quam eciam seculari a multis annis preteritis habuerunt, { 

foL 8i'. est tam graui debitorum onere iam depressum, necnon ipsius facultates 
exinde & alias' per vltimam generalem hominum pestilenciam ad 
tantam sterilitatem & penuriam sunt redacte & adeo notabiliter dimi* 

» Omitted in MS. • «tlii«/ MS. 

« 'qiuusi,' Ma 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 115 

nute, quod ex bonis, fnictibus, redditibus & prouentibus ipsius monas- 
terii iam exstantibus nequeunt idem abbas & conuentus commode 
sustentari nee hospitalitatem solitam & alia, consueta inibi fieri, pietatis 
opera obseruare, nee alia onera eisdem incumbencia supportare, & 
quod domus & edifieia ac officine predied monasterii ac maneriorum 
& loeorum eiusdem adeo iminente comminantur ruina, quinimmo 
magna pars eonindem corniit & notorie est collapsa, & quod nisi 
eisdem de celerioris reparacionis remedio suceurratur, in destruc- 
tionem irreparabilem eollabentur: idemque monasterium ex dictis 
causis & aliis ad desolaeionis eciam irremediabilis obprobrium, quod 
auertat Altissimus, verisimiliter prothdolor deducetur. Quare nobis 
humiliter supplicarunt ut eis patemo compaeientes afifectu, in aliqualem 
releuacionem status eorum & predicti monasterii, ecclesiam paroehialem 
de Meritone nostre dioeesis, que de ipsorum patronatu existit & cuius 
fructus, redditus & prouentus septemdecim marcarum & deeem solido*^ 
rum sterlingorum iuxta taxacionem ad decimam valorem annuum non 
excedunt, cum suis iuribus & pertinenciis, eis & ipsorum monasterio 
unire, appropriare & annectere imperpetuum dignaremur. Nos igitur 
cupientes quantum cum deo possimus eisdem abbati & conuentui & 
eorum monasterio patema mansuetudine prouidere & eorum necessi- 
tatibus subuenire, dilectos in Christo filios decanum & capitulum 
ecclesie nostre Lincolniensis ad traclandtun communiter una nobiscum 
super & de appropriacione & vnione diete ecclesie & eius causis 
mandauimus, & fecimus ad domum nostram capitularem ecclesie 
nostre Lincolniensis predicte ad iterum peremptorium terminum com- 
petentem cum contumacione, prorogacione, & prefixione terminorum 
& dierum sequencium, eciam usque ad finalem expedicionem huius- 
modi unionis negoeii, coram nobis legitime euocari; habito insuper 
& premisso dictis loco & terminis per nos super premissis cum eisdem 
decano & capiiulo traetatu communi & frequenti ac diligent! atque 
solempni, ac secutis deliberadone & cause cognicione debitis ae 
maturis seu in huiusmodi unione quomodolibet requisitis, peracta gesta 
& habita productaque & exhibita in huiusmodi negocio coram nobis 
rite & legitime vidimus & cognouimus & iam cognoscimus & videmus 
premissa nobis suggesta & exposita veritate fulciri, & quod patens 
necessitas | & euidens vtilitas subsunt & requirunt quod fieri debeat foL 8i^. 
& fiat unio & appropriacio supradicta. Unde Christi nomine inuocato 
•eam decreuimus & iam eciam decernimus faciendam : et de communi, 
vnanimi & concordi collaudacione, consilio, consensu & assensu eonm- 
dem decani & capituli, necnon omnium & singulorum quorum interest 
in hac parte, & concurrentibus omnibus & singulis in hac parte de iure 
requisitis, predictam paroehialem ecclesiam de Meritone cum omnibus 

I 2 



Il6 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

siiis iuribus & perdnenciis uninersis ex dictis causis & propter eas ac 
ad supplicem precum instanciam excellentissimi principis & domini 
nostri domini Edwardi dei gracia regis Anglie illustris tercii a con- 
questu & al[ia] legitime, dictis abbati & conuenttii & suis successoribus 
ac eorum monasterio auctoritate ordinaria & diocesana incorporamus, 
appropriamus, applicamus, annectimus inperpetuum & unimus ac con- 
cedimus in vsus suos proprios perpetuo possidendam, iurisdiccione, 
dignitate & iure predicte Lincolniensis ecclesie & nostris & successonim 
nostrorum & cuiuscanque alterius a1[ia8] in omnibus semper saluis ; 
ita quod dilecto filio lohanne de Waure eiusdem ecclesie ad presens 
rectore cedente uel decedente seu al[iter] eandem ecclesiam quomodo- 
libet dimittente, liceat eisdem abbati & conuentui & eorum successoribus 
possessionem corporalem dicte ecclesie, iurium & pertinenciarum ipsius 
auctoritate propria libere apprehendere & licite retinere, nostra uel ali- 
cuius alterius licencia ad hoc minime requisita; reseruata tamen de ipsius 
ecclesie fiructibus & prouentibus congrua porcione pro vicario perpetuo 
in dicta ecclesia instituendo & Domino seruituro, quam porcionem in 
decem marcis numerate pecunie sterlingorum fore & consistere dum- 
taxat decemimus & eciam ordinamus, per abbatem & conuenttmi pre- 
dictos & eorum successores ad duos anni terminos, videlicet in Testis 
Pasche & sancti Michaelis, per equales porciones annis singulis 
inperpetuum persoluendis. Reseruamus insuper nobis & succes- 
soribus nostris episcopis Lincolniensibus nomine recompensacionis, 
indempnitatis & commoditatis que de dicta ecclesia obuenire solebat 
in singulis vacacionibus eiusdem & poterit verisimiliter obuenire, 
pensionem annuam uiginti solidorum sterlingorum, ac decano & 
capitulo ecclesie nostre Lincolniensis decem solidorum ex causa con- 
simili, in festo sancti Michaelis apud Lincolniam per dictos abbatem 
& conuentum annis singulis in perpetuum persoluendas de consensu 
eorundem expresso. £t si contingat, quod absit, pensionem alter- 
utram huiusmodi fore in aliquo huiusmodi termino non solutam, 
extunc liceat eo ipso & non seruato alio processu nobis & succes- 
foL 89^ soribus nostris | episcopis Lincolniensibus omnes fructus, redditus, 
& prouentus ipsius ecclesie sequestrare & sub tuto tenere ^ sequestro 
donee dicta pensio cum suis arreragiis integre fiierit* persoluta. 
Onera ordinaria & extraordinaria omnia & singula ad dictam ecclesiam 
pertinencia quouismodo, vt refeccionem, construccionem seu repara- 
cionem cancelli, fenestrarum, vestimentorum, & aliorum omamentorum 
quorumcunque, necnon solucionem decime cuiuscunque currentis ac 
sinodalium & aliorum censutun ipsam ecclesiam pro tempore concer- 

» 'tenore,' MS. • 'fucrint,' MS. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 117 

nencium, incensum, luminare in cancello quodcunque, dictos religiosos 
& eorum successores supportare volumus & ordinamus imperpetuum 
suis sumptibus & subire, sed panem & uinum pro sacramento altaris 
vicarius illius ecclesie propriis sumptibus exhibebit. Dicti insuper 
religiosi domos & mansum sufficientes in villa de Meritone liberas ab 
omni decima & alio onere seculari pro inhabitacione vicarii predict! 
exhibebunty constnient & &cient prima vice; et postea vicarius illius 
ecclesie illas reficiet &, si opus fuerit, suis propriis sumptibus inper- 
petuum constniet de nouo. Si quid vero obscunmi, ambigumn seu 
dimitiuu[m]^ fiierit in premissis vel in aliquo eorundem^ potestatem 
illud declarandi, interpretandi, eidemque addendi vel subtrahend! nobis 
& successoribus nostris episcopis Lincolniensibus specialiter reser- 
uamus. In quorum omnium testimonium sigillum nostrum presentibus 
apposuimus & diet! decanus & capitulimi sigilltmi suum commune 
presentibus apposuerunt. £t nos, decanus & capitulum Lincolniensis 
ecclesie supradicte, prehabito simul & conununiter cum venerabili patre 
domino episcopo predicto super premissis, dictis loco & terminis vt 
prefertur, tractatu communi, frequenti, diligent! & solempni, & secutis 
deliberacione, digestione & cause cognicione debitis ac sepius recensitis 
demum omnibus & singulis predictis, & prout superius recitatur, collau- 
dacionem, consilium, assensum & consensiun nostrum conununiter & 
concorditer prebuimus & prebemus. In quorum testimonium sigillum 
nostrum commune fecimus hiis apponL Data in domo capitular! pre- 
dicta xvii°^o Kalendas Septembris, anno Domini mccc quinquagesimo 
septimo. Facte fiierunt incorporacio, appropriacio, applicacio, con- 
nexion unio & concessio supradicte ecclesie predicte de Meritone in 
domo capitulari ecclesie Lincolniensis modo & forma predictis per 
venerabilem patrem dominum lohannem del gracia Lincolniensem 
episcopum de consensu expresso & collaudacione venerabilium virorum 
magistrorum Simonis de Biysle decani, Antonii de Goldesburghe pre- 
centoris, lohannis de Welbume, Thome S[ervientis] ' Hamonis Beler 
subdecani, Ricardi de Wyttewelle, Radulfi de Ergham & Ade de | Lym- foL 8a^. 

berg* [ '] anno ab Incamacione Domini secundum cursimi 

& computacionem ecclesie Anglicane millesimo ccc quinquagesimo 
septimo, indiccione decima, pontificatus serenissimi in Christo patris 
& domini nostri domini Innocenci! diuina prouidencia pape sexti 
quinto, mensis August! die xvimo^ presentibus reuerendis viris magistris 
Willelmo de Donne archidiacono Leycestrie, & lohanne de Carleton 
rectore ecclesie de Sutton legum doctoribus, domino Waltero Power 

' Sic, Perhaps ' defecttniun * was * The letters In brackets are doubt- 

meant, or < dimicatiuum*, if sach a fiiL 
word is possible. > Two lines here are illegible. 



ii8 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

canonico Lincolniensi, & magistro lohanne de [FjeUeseye & lohanne 
de Denton, notario publico, & Willelmo [...*] offidali archidiaconi 
Linc[olnien8is] ft aliis tcstibus ad premissa vocatis specialiter ft 
rogatis.' 

672. 
[Yamton.] 

Relaxacio de Erdyntone facta fiiit ut didtur abbati de Regali [loco »] 
anno xxii* regis E[dwardi] & eodem anno termino Trinitatis 
irrotulatur rotido primo de cartis coram luslic' de Banco. 

673. 
foi. 83^ Stoke Abbatis. 

Oct. Abbas & conuentus de Egnesham tenent manerium de Stoke in 

130®. pufam & perpetuam elemosinam in capite de domino episcopo 
Lincolniensi : pro quo manerio abbas tenetur ad sectam hundredi de 
Dorcestria per se uel per attomatum suum vel finem facere pro secta. 
Idem abbas habet in dicto manerio de tenentibus suis visum franci- 
plegii, quem tenebit sen[escallus] dicti domini episcopi ad usum 8c 
comodum dicti abbatis, existente & presente senescallo abbatis, si 
voluerit interessse : et dominus abbas habebit amerciamenta dicti visus 
franciplegii pro fine cuius franciplegii tenentes dicti manerii soluere 
tenentur domino episcopo xiii s. iiii d., ipsumque senescallum & suos, 
dictum visum tenentes, in exculentis & poculentis suis sumptibus 
procurare. 

Inquisicio diligens capta ibidem de iuribus, pertinenciis, & valore 
manerii per xii iuratores de homagio coram fratre Nicholao de Vptone, 
nuper abbate dicti monasterii, & fratre lohanne de Huntyngdone, 
celerario dicti monasterii, anno domini mccclxvi^ mense Octobris & 
domini Galfridi de Lambum dicti monasterii tunc abbatis xv^o : qui 
dicunt super sacramentum suum quod dictus dominus abbas ft eiusdem 
loci conuentus sunt ibidem patroni ecclesie ft habent presentare ad 
ecclesiam quociens vacauerit: item dicunt quod idem abbas & 
conuentus percipiunt medietatem decimarum omnium garbarum 
tocius parochie. Item dicunt quod de quibusdam certis terns ibidem, 
vt patebit inferius, decimam integram garbarum percipit elemosinarius 

^ One or two words are illegible. Danelmensis diocesis \ Much of this 

' The deed ends with an attestation clause of attestation is illegible. 

by a public notary; his name seems to ' Omitted in MS. 

be * lohannes de Bratmscepath dericus * Possibly xxiii. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 119 

monasterii predicd. Item dicrnit quod rector ibidem habet mansnm 
cum clauso & continet quatuor acras & duas virgatas terre cum 
pertinenciis amiexis \stc\ rectorie sue. Item dicunt quod idem rector 
clamat habere housebote & haibote sufficienter de bosco domini per 
hberacionem ministroram domini: item dicunt quod idem rector 
clamat pasturam duarum vaccarum cum vaccis domini & pasturam 
vnius afifri in estate cum affr[is] domini. Item dicunt quod idem 
rector dabit de annua pendone ad festum sancti Michaelis vnam 
libram piperis ; item dicunt quod abbas aliquando percepit * medieta- 
tem minutarum decimarum; tandem abbas & conuentus & rector 
conuenerunt per composicionem, vt amodo rector soluat abbati 
annuatim ad Pascha pro huiusmodi decimis v s. : item dicunt quod 
abbas non decimat aliquid rectori, nee rector abbati : set elemosinarius 
dicti monasterii perdpere consueuit dedmam omnium garbarum de 
terris dominicis integnditer : item dicunt quod elemosinarius percipit 
integram decimam garbarum vnius virgate terre preter croftum, 
quondam lohannis lohan nunc lohannis Thoms': item dicunt quod 
elemosinarius percipit decimam integram garbarum vnius dimidie 
virgate terre quondam Thome | Touneshend, nunc Willelmi Irland : fol. 83^ 
item dicunt quod idem elemosinarius percipit decimam integram 
garbarum de quatuor acris de vna virgata terre quas' lohannes 
Hetherand' iunior nunc tenet, quarum due acre iacent in maiori 
campo boriali & se extendunt ad angulum de Merslade & vna acra 
iacet in campo australi iuxta Togyntwey & vna acra iacet apud 
Crowethom' ; item dicunt quod idem elemosinarius percipit decimam 
integram garbarum de tenemento quondam Waleys, nunc Walteri 
atte Welle, quarum vna acra iacet in medio campo, tendens in 
Togynteweye, vna acra iacet iuxta Withmullehulweye, vna acra & 
forera iacet apud le Lynche, vna acra iacet in Stineland in maiori 
campo boriali: item dicunt quod idem percipit decimam integram 
garlxirum de duabus acris terre iacentibus apud Wolfeyesle, quondam 
de dominicis, nunc lohannis Wichside: item dicunt quod idem 
percipit ^ de vna acra iacente apud Chishulle, quondam de dominicis, 
nunc lohannis Hetherand' senioris pro quodam excambio cuiusdam 
acre terre ad finem ville, nunc edificat[e] : item dicunt quod idem 
percipit integram decimam garbarum de quadam cultura in campo 
australi nuncupata Schortforlong', quondam de dominicis, nunc 
Walteri atte Welle ad terminum vite ; et de alia culttua sub Rykyn- 
downe, nunc dicti Walteri, quondam de dominicis : item dicunt quod 

1 ' percipit.' MS. * » * qnos,' MS. 

« or * Thouii.' * Supply ' decimam*. 



I20 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

idem elemosinarius perdpit decitnam feni de quinque acris prati in prato 
de Stoke, vnde ii acre de ten[emento] Waleys, nunc dicti Walteri, 
ii acre quondam le Bartour, nunc lohannis le Clerc, & vna acra 
quondam Harpedene, nunc Roberti Lilie: item dicunt per sacra- 
mentum suum quod manerium predictum constat de iuribus, perti- 
nenciis, & portionibus subsequentibus, ludelicet quod dictum manerium 
sufficienter edificatur, vt de aula, cameris, coquina, grangia, & aliis 
domibus diuersorum oficiorum \sic\ & continet duas acras preter xii 
perticas & dimidiam & valet annuatim vltra reprisas vi s. viii d« : item 
dicunt quod sunt ibidem tres campi, uidelicet campus australis, 
campus medius, & campus aquilonaris, vnde duo seminantur annuatim, 
tercius uero iacet warettu& 
Campus australis : | 
fol. 84'. ^ ^^^ campo habet dominus vnam culturam nuncupatam ChisshuUe 
in qua sunt iii cullure & quatuor seliones transversaies in pede. In 
prima cultura tendente in Gorynggespathe sunt vi ac. xxi perticate, 
dim. pertic. : in cultura superiori tendente in Togynwey sunt vi acre 
xxvii perticate, dimid. perticata: in cultura sub dictis culturis a 
Tog3aiwey vsque Goryngespathe sunt ix acre & dimidia & due 
perticate. In quatuor selionibus transuersalibus sub pede sunt una 
acra, xxxv perticate ; & valet acra iiii d., vnde acra seminari potest 
de iii b[ussellis] frmnenti & de iiii b[ussellis] ordei. 

Summa acrarum xxiiii acre, vi pertice. 

Summa extente viii s. 
In cultura de ^ortforlong sunt vna acra, iii rode, viii perticate 
& dimidia perticata ; & valet acra ii d. 

Summa acrarum i acra, iii rode, viii pertice & dimidia. 

Summa extente iii d ob. 
In eodem campo habet dominus vnam culturam nuncupatam 
Reueland & continet iii acras, iii rodas, iii perticatas; & valet acra 
iii d. 

Summa acrarum iii ac., iii rod., iii pert. 

Siunma extente xi d. qua. 
In eodem campo est vna cultura nuncupata WytebuUe ^ continet 
ii acras, iii rodas, xi perticatas & dimidiam perticatam; & valet 
acra i d. 

Summa acrarum ii ac., iii rod., xi pertic. & dimid. 

Summa extente ii d. ob. qua. 
In eodem campo est vna cultura nuncupata Longforlong & continet 
iiii acras, i rodam, xxvii pertic, dimidiam ; & valet acra iiii d. 

Summa acrarum iiii ac., i rod., xxvii pert. & dim. 

Smnma extente xvii d. ob. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 121 

In eodem campo est vna cultura apud Porthwey & continet iii acras, 
xxvii pertic, dimidiam ; & valet acra it d. 

Summa acrarum iii ac., xxvii pert. & dimid. 

Summa extente vi d. qua. | 
In eodem campo est vna cultura nuncupata Rykendoune, vnde in fol. 84^ 
cultura prope le Stone ex parte occidentali montis sunt iiii acre, iii 
rode, ii perticate & dimidia. In duabus culturis iacentibus in longum 
super le Doune sub vno mensurat[u] continentur xiiii acre, iii rode : in 
alia cultura ibidem tendente in Ikeneldeswey continentur xii ac, xxi 
pertic. ; & valet acra i d. 

Summa acrarum xxxi ' ac., & dim., xxiii pertic. & dim. 

Summa extente ii s. vii * d. ob. dim. qua. 
Mosenhulle in eodem campo; est vna cultura & continet iiii 
forlong' : in prima cultura iacente per latus de Ikeneldeswey, tendente 
in quatuor selionibus' long[is] in valle & pro parte in latere de Cates- 
brayn, vsque capud eiusdem continentur xx acre, iii rode, ii perticate 
& dimidia: a dicto capite de Catesbrayn vsque ad capud culture 
nuncupate Seuenacre versus orientem continentur xiiii ac, iii rode : 
in cultura superiori ibidem tendente in cultur[am] inferiorem ibidem 
continentur xi acre, preter vnam ^ perticat[am] & dimidiam : in cultura 
de Catesbrayn continentiu: vii acre, iii rode, xxii perticate : in iiii 
selionibus predictis in valle continentur ii acre preter ii perticatas ; & 
valet acra ii d. 

Summa acrarum Ivi ac & dim. acra, xxi pertic. 

Summa extente ix s. v d. dim. qua. 
In eodem campo est vna cultura iacens supra le Linche iuxta viam 
regiam versus Egslade, & continet iiii acras, i rodam, ii pertic. & 
dimidiam; ft valet acra i d. 

Summa acrarum iiii ac, i rod, ii pertic. ft dim. 

Summa extente iiii d. qua. 
In cultura ibidem sub le Lynche continentur v acre, xxv perticate; 
ft valet acra i d. 

Summa acrarum v ac, xxv pertic. 

Summa extente v d. dim. qua. 
In eodem campo est vna cultura sub Ikeneld, ft continet ii acras ft 
dimidiam acram, v perticatas ; ft valet acra i d. 

Summa acrarum ii acre, dim., v pertic 

Sonmia extente ii d. ob. 

» *xxi;Ma 

«'vi/MS. 

* We should haye expected 'leliones*. 

* « vna; MS. 



122 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

In cultura nuncupata vii acre; in eodem continentur iiii acre, iii 
rode, & xix pertic. ; & valet acra i d. 

Summa acrarum iiii ac, iii rod, xix pert 
Summa extente iiii d. ob. qua. dim. qua. | 
foL 85'. Summa acrarum campo australi cxxxvi ac, xii pertic. & dim. 

Summa extente istius campi xxiiii s. x d. ob. qua. 

Campus medius inter australem & aquilonarem : 
Est vna cultura iuxta curiam dicti manerii extra portam orientalem 
& vocatur Churcbecroft, & continet iiii acras & dim., x pert Sc dim. 
preter hayam; & valet acra iiii d. 

Summa acrarum iiii ac. & dim., x pertic. & dim. 
Summa extente xviii d. qua. 
In cultura nuncupata Mulleplek' in eodem campo continentur 
preter le Mullehulle vna acra & dim., xii pertic. & dim. ; & valet acra 
lid. 

Summa acrarum ii ac. & dim., xii pert. & dim. 
Summa extente iii d. & dim. qua. 
In cultura superiori de Hondesland super montem continentur ii ac., 
i rod. & dim., v pertic. & dim. & quart.; & valet acra iii d. 
Summa acrarum ii ac, i rod. dim., v pertic. & dim. 
Summa extente vii d. 
In cultura inferiori ibidem nuncupata Hondesland continentur iii ac. 
dim.^ ii pertic. & dim. & quart. ; & valet acra iii d. 

Summa acrarum iii ac. & dim., ii pertic, iii quart. 
Summa extente x d. ob. 
In cultura apud Stanselythome continentur iii ac. dim., iii pert. & 
quart ; & valet acra i d. ob. 

Summa acrarum ii ac & dim., iii pertic. & quart. 
Summa extente v d. qua. 
In cultura apud Portewey in eodem campo continentur iii ac, xvi 
pertic. ; & valet acra i d. 

Summa acrarum iii ac. xvi pert 
Summa extente iii d. dim. qua. 
In cultura apud le Berwe continentur iiii ac, iii rod. preter vnam 
perticatam ; & valet acra i d. 

Summa acrarum iiii ac, iii rod. preter vnam pert. 
Summa extente iiii d. ob. qua. 
In cultura apud Ikeneld tendente in le Southewey continentur iii ac, 
i roda, ii pert. ; & valet acra i d. | 
foL 85^. Summa acrarum iii ac, i rod., ii pert 

Summa extente iii d. qua. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 123 

In cultura de Hethforlong propinquiore Hcenelde, tendente in 
Northwey continentur iii ac. & dim., x pertic; & valet ac. i d 
Summa acrarum iii ac. & dim., x pertic. 
Smnma extente iii d. ob. 
In cultura atte Ljnche in isto campo continentur iii ac, iii rod, viii 
pert.; & valet acra id 

Summa acrarum iii ac, iii rod., viii pert 
Summa extente iii d. ob. qua. 
In cultura nuncupata Woluemedene sunt duo culture. In ilia cultura 
tendente versus aquilonem & austrum continentur ii ac. & dim., ii 
pertic & dim, : in Ula cultiua tendente versus orientem & occidentem 
continentur iii acre, i roda, xxiiii pertic ; & valet acra i d. 
Summa acrarum v ac, iii rod, xxv pert. & dim. 
Summa extente v d. ob. qua. & dim. qua. 
In cultura atte Noke sunt due culture : in cultura tendente versus * 
orientem & occidentem continentur v ac. & dim., ii pert & dim. : in alia 
cultura ibidem tendente versus aquilonem & austrum continentur xii ac, 
i rod. ; in angulo ibidem continentur xxxvi perticate ; & valet acra i d. 
Summa acrarum xix ac preter i pert. & dim. 
Summa extente xix d. 
£t quia iste campus est minor aliis duobus campis, ideo parous 
campus aquilonaris adiungitur isto campo medio. In cultura nuncu- 
pata Hechyngforlonge in isto campo continentur iii ac & dim., xxii 
pertic. & dim. ; & valet acra iii d. 

Summa acrarum iii ac ft dim., xxii pert. & dim. 
Summa extente x d ob. qua. & dim. qua. 
In cultura nuncupata Middelplek' ibidem continentur v ac, xxxviii 
pert. & quart. ; & valet acra iii d. 

Summa acrarum v ac, xxxviii pertic, & quart. 
Summa extente xv d. ob. qua. 
In cultura apud Merediche inter dominium de Stoke Abbas & Stoke 
Marmion continentur v ac, xiiii pert, ft dim. ; ft valet acra iii d. 
Summa acrarum v ac, xiii pert ft dim. 
Summa extente xv d. qua. | 
Summa acrarom istius medii campi cum paroo campo aquilonari fol. SG'. 
eidem adiuncto Ixxiii ac, iii rod., xxix pert., iii quart, pertic 

Summa extente acranmi dicti medii campi ix s. xi d. qua. dim. qua. 
Campus aquilonaris : 

In cultura nuncupata Bottesacres continentur ii ac ft dim., i roda, 
i pertic. ; ft valet acra iiii d. 

Stunma acrarum ii ac ft dim., i roda, i pertica. 
Summa extente xi d. 



124 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

In eodem campo est vna cultura vkra Togynwey & continet iiii ac., 
i rodam, xxvii pert. & dim. ; & valet acra iii d. 

Summa acrarum iiii ac., i roda, xxvii pert. & dim. 
Summa extente xii d. ob. qua. & dim. qua. 
In quatuor selionibus sub Luttelhulle continentur ii ac., ii pertic. ; & 
valet acra ii d. 

Summa acrarum ii ac, ii pert. 
Summa extente iiii d. 
In cultura apud Luttelhulle continentur iiii ac., & dim., xx pert. ; & 
valet acra ii d. 

Summa acrarum iiii ac. & dim., xx pert. 
Summa extente ix d. qua. 
In cultura de LongfcA-long in isto campo continentur iiii ac, iii rod., 
xxxi pert ; & valet acra iiii d. 

Summa acrartun iiii ac, iii rod., xxxi pert. 
Simima extente xix d. ob. qua. 
In cultura apud Chalkeputtes continentur iii ac, xxiii pert. ; & valet 
acra iii d. 

Summa acrarum iii ac, xxiii pert. 
Summa extente ix d. qua. dim. qua. 
In quatuor selionibus sub Hankynslynche propinquioribus Stoke 
Marmyon continentur i ac, i rod., preter i pertic ; & valet acra i d. 
Summa acranun i ac, i rod. preter i pertic. 
Sununa extente i d. qua. 
In cultura de Hankynslynche contmentur iiii ac, i rod., i pert. ; & 
valet acra i d. ob. 

Summa acrarum iiii ac, i rod., i pertic. 
Summa extente vii d. qua. dim. qua. | 
fol. 86^. In cultura de Waytyngdene propinquiori Stoke Marmion continentur 
i acra, xxxii pertic. ; & valet acra i d. 

Summa acrarum i ac, xxxii pertic. 
Summa extente i d. ob. qua. dim. qua. 
In cultura ibidem nuncupata Middeforlong continentur ii acre, iii 
rode, vii pert. ; & valet acra i d. 

Summa acrarum ii ac, iii rod., vii pertic 
Summa extente ii d. ob. qua. 
In cultura ibidem propinquiore le MuUehuUe continentur i ac, 
xxii pertic ; & valet acra i d. 

Summa acrarum i ac, xxii pertic. 
Summa extente i d. dim. qua. 
In cultura de Stynynlond continentur iiii acre, iii rod. ; & valet 
acra i d. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 125 

Summa acraram iiii ac., iii rod. 
Summa extente iiii d. ob. qua. 
In cultura de Piryforlong continentur ii acre, iii rod., xvii pertic. ; 
in angulo ibidem continentur xxx pertic. ; & valet acra i d. ob. 
Summa acranim iii ac., vii pertic. 
Summa extente iiii d. ob. 
In cultura de Holinthome continentur i ac, iii rod., preter vnam 
perticam ; in angulo ibidem continentur i roda, xxii pertic. & dim. ; 
& valet acra i d. 

Summa acranim ii ac., xxi pertic. & dim. 
Summa extente ii d. dim. qua. 
In quatuor selionibus iacentibus sub le Mere de Benesyngdone 
tendentibus versus aquilonem & austnim i acra, xv pertic. dim. ; & 
valet acra i d. 

Summa acrarum i ac, xv pertic. & dimid. 
Summa extente i d. dim. qua. 
In quatuor selionibus sub le Mere ibidem tendentibus versus 
orientem & occidentem continentur i ac., preter vi pertic; & valet 
acra i d. 

Summa acrarum i ac. preter vi pertic. 
Summa extente i d. 
In cultura de Scherdelynche continentur v ac, iii rod., xviii pertic 
& iii quart ; & valet acra i d. 

Summa acrartmi v ac, iii rod., xviii pertic. preter quart[eria]. 
Summa extente v d. ob. qua. dim. qua. | 
In cultura de Grenewey continentur ii acre, iii rode, iii pertic & iii fol. 87'. 
quarteria pertic. ; & valet acra i d. 

Summa acrarum ii ac, iii'rode, iii pertic, iii quarteria pertice. 
Summa extente ii d. ob. qua. 
In cultura super Benesyngdon continentur xii ac, preter v pertic 
& dimidiam; & valet acra i d. 

Summa acrarum xii ac, preter v pertic & dimid. 
Summa extente xii d. 
Cultura de Wolfayesle non mensuratur; quondam tradebatur ad 
firmam pro iii s. per annum ; nunc remanet in manus domini. 
Summa acrarum istius campi aquilonaris 

Ixiiii ac. & dimid., xxiiii pertic. 
Summa extente dictamm acrarum preter Wolfayesle 

ix s. V d. ob. qua. 

Cultura de Childeslonde, que est in procinctu de Goiyngge & iacet 

pro parte sub Appelhenger, mensuratur sub tribus figuris. In prima 

cultura iacente sub Appelhenger & iuxta Ikeneldeswey, pro parte 



126 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

extendentc * versus MosenhuUe, vsque le Thorn atte Grenewey conti- 
nentur xxvi ac, xx pertic. : in cultura inferiori a dicto Grenemere 
usque Bikehegge supra vii cultur[as], vocat[as] vii ac[ras], condnentur 
xiiii aCy iii rod., x pertic. : in cultura superiori ibidem a Bikenhegge 
vsque Garynggeshay condnentur x ac., i roda, xxvi pertic. ; & valet 
acra i d. Pro ista terra habet dominus communam pasturam cum 
omnibus aueriis suis de Stoke in quingentis acris camporum de 
Gaiynges, vt declarabitur infra. 

Summa acrarum li ac., i rod, xvi pertic. 
Summa extente vi s. v d. 
Summa omnium acrarum trium camporum cum Childeslond, preter 
culturam de Wolfisiyesle non mensuratam 

cccxxv ac, i pertic. & quart. 
Summa extente dictanmi acrarum preter Wolfayesle 

xlix 8. viii d. ob. qua. dim. qua. 

Dominus habet pratum ibidem supra Thamisiam, & est separale 

per totum annum ; bis falcatur & continet xvii ac., ix pertic. ; & valet 

fol. 87^. prima | vestura cuiuslibet acre iiii s. ; vestura secunde falcacionis 

relucri ' valet xx d. ; & sic acra valet annuatim nisi diluuium impediat 

V s. viii d. 

Summa acrarum xvii ac, ix pertic 
Summa extente iiii lib. xvi s. viii d. ob. 
Pastura. Dominus habet ibidem vnam pasturam nuncupatam 
Couwelesewe & est 8eparal[e] per totum annum, & continet ii ac, 
iii rod., xxi pertic. dim. ; & valet acra xvi d* 

Summa acrarum ii ac, iii rod., xxi pert ft dim. 
Summa extente iii s. x d. 
Dominus habet ibidem aliam pasturam nuncupatam le Hale & est 
pastura afifr[orum], & est separale [sic] per totum annum, & continet 
ii ac, iii rod, xxxi pertic & dimidiam ; & valet acra xii d 
♦ Summa acrarum ii ac, iii rod., xxxi pertic & dim. 

Summa extente ii s. xi d. qua. 
In crofto de Merslade superiori continentor preter haias ft fossata 
ii ac. ft dimid., xiiii pertic ; ft est separale per totum annum ; ft valet 
acra viii d 

Summa acrarum ii ac, dimid., xiiii pertic 
Summa extente xix d. qua. 
In crofto de Merslade inferiori, per totum annum separale, conti- 
nentur ii ac preter iii pertic, exceptis haiis ft fossatis; ft valet 
acra xii d. 

» 'cxtendimtur,*MS. 

' Dncange gites no sooh word : ao doubt it meang ' aftermath '• 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 127 

Summa acrarum ii ac. preter iii pertic. 
Summa extente ii s. 
£t memorandum quod dicte pasture vna cum pastura prati post 
falcacionem relucri sufficientes sunt pro sustentacione xiiii afifrorum, 
i tauri, viii vaccarum, & exitus eonindem vsque iniugantur. 

Dominus habet ibidem communem pasturam tam in campis de 
Stoke quam in quingentis acris terre in campis de Goryngges racione 
& occasione de Childeslond pro quingentis multonibus; & valet 
pastura cuiuslibet per annum obolum. 

Summa extente huius pasture xx s* xd. 
Summa extente pratorum & pasturarum vi lib. viii s. xd. 

Dominus habet ibidem piscariam videlicet medietatem Thamisie 
a le Merediche inter bundas de Parua Stoke & terminum manerii 
de Stoke | Abbatis & durat vsque Romisford^ cum illo cursu aque, fol. 88^. 
qui exiit a Thamisia ad finem prati domini & currit pro parte per 
pratum domini & pasturam vaccarum & le Hale vsque ad finem 
de Je Coueyt, cum vna parua insula ad finem prati domini & nuncu- 
patur Coueyt, & est semper separale & traditur ad firmam pro ix s« 
per annum. 

Sunmia ix s. 
Boscus. Dominus habet boscum apud Egslade, & habet in 
longitudine per viam regiam ix stadia & xi pertic, & continet in toto 
cum angulo cccxlviii acras, vnam rodam & dimid., & quartam partem 
vnius rode, & est communis ad pasturandum animalia tenencium de 
Stoke & Wodecote & non forinc[ecis], excepto quod canonid de 
Cauersham* dant domino annuatim ii lib. bone cere pro communa 
habenda in dicto bosco cum aueriis suis. 

Dictiis boscus est sufficiens ad inueniendum housebote & hajbot 
pro manerio de Stoke & eciam rectori loci & valet per annum 
xiii s. iiii d. : de eodem bosco annuatim sine dlstrucdone & vasto 
vendi possunt Ix solid[ate]. 

Smnma acrarum cccxlviii ac.^ i roda & dim., quartam partem 

rode. 
Sununa valoris bosd Ixxiii s. iiii d. 
Dominus habet ibidem vnam grauam vltra Appulhonger nuncu- 
patam Wellegroue, & continet vnam acram, xiii pertic. & dimid., 
& valet subboscus eiusdem annuatim xviii d. 

Summa acrarum i ac., xii [sic] pertic. dim« 
Summa valoris xviii d. 

^ ? RowDsford. parish of CtTenham reaches the boim- 

* The canoDS of Notley Abbey, who daries of South Stoke, 
had a grange at Cavenham. The 



128 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Dominus habet ibidem vnum molendinum ventricium irreparatum, 
ad quod omnes tenentes natiue de Stoke & Wodecote tenentur 
molare si repararetur : tunc valeret per annum xxx s. Item elemosi- 
narius percipere consueuit ibidem decimam bladorum de terns domi- 
nicis, & valent annuatim 1 s. : decima quinque acranim prati, quam 
idem percipere consueuit, valet annuatim ii s. : decima garbarum 
de terris, quam idem integraliter percipere consueuit, valet annuatim 
xiii s. iiii d. : idem alibi percipit medietatem omnium bladorum decima- 
bilium tocius parochie de Stoke, & valet communi ^ anno viii lib. 
Summa decimarum predictarum xi lib. v s. iiii d. | 

fol. 88^. Tenentes de Stoke : — 

Walterus Atte Welle & Isabella vxor eiusdem tenent quoddam 
tenementum cum certis terris & pratis ad terminum vite sue per 
cartam abbatis & conuentus, que quondam fuerunt lohannis Walejrs 
pro annuo redditu quatuor solidorum; & tenementum iacet ex 
opposito porte curie domini sub cimiterio, & faciei prout in carta 
continetur. 

lohannes Uyncent tenet vnum tenementum & vnam virgatam terre, 
que constat ex vna acra super quam tenementum edificatur, xv acris 
terre campestribus & vna acra prati. Idem reddit ad terminiun 
sancti Michaelis de redditu xv d. ; idem reddit de redditu ad terminum 
sancti Thome apostoli ii s. id.; idem reddit de redditu ad terminum 
Annunciacionis xv d. ; idem reddit de redditu ad terminum sancti 
lohannis Baptiste xv d. ; idem debet arare dimidiam acram ad semen 
hyemale inter festa sancti Michaelis & sancti Martini episcopi, & valet 
arura iii d. ; idem si habeat porcos ad idem festuni sancti Martini 
dabit pannagium pro porco vnius anni i d. ; pro porco dimidii anni 
obolum; idem dabit cariagium allec[iarum] vsque Egnesham ad 
idem festum sancti Martini i d., vel • car[iabit] de Henle vsque 
Egnesham, & iam vocatur Heryngsiluer ; idem dabit domino ad 
festum Natalis Domini vnam gallinam & valet ii d., & ante Pascha 
X oua & valent obolum ; idem cariare consueuit vnam carectatam ' 
bosci de bosco de Egslade vsque manerium de Stoke, & appreciatur 
opus ad i d. & iam vocatur Lodpeny ; idem sarculabit blada domini 
per vniun diem cum vno homine sine cibo domini, & valet opus diei 
ii d.; idem falcabit pratum domini per duos dies, & valet falcacio 
diei vi d. ; idem leuabit fenum dicti prati cum vno homine quousque 
leuetur, & valet opus ii d. ; idem cariabit fenum domini per duos dies 

^ This word is not certain. carted from Henley because at that 

* We should expect 'videlicet'. We time barges could not ascend fuxthen 
may conjecture that the herrings were * < carectatem,* MS. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 129 

cum vicino suo, & valet opus die! iiii d. ; idem metet dimidiam acram 
bladi dominici sine cibo domini, & valet opus iiii d. & vocatur la 
Bene ; idem faciet cum vno homine vnam berepam ' sine cibo domini, 
& vocatur Mederep', & valet opus iiii d, ; idem faciet tres berepas, v, 
vel vi, vel amplius si necesse fuerit, cum vno homine ad cibum domini, 
& habebit vnum panem per diem, vnde xii panes de vno bussello 
frumenti, habebit in ceruis[ia] i potell[um] ad valorem ob. qua., in 
companagio' ob. qua., & sic qdlibet de vicinis suis, & valet opus 
diei iiii d. ; & metet communiter cum vicinis suis per vi dies vltra la 
Bene & Mederip predictas; idem veniet ad magnam bederepam 
domini ad cibum domini cum omnibus famulis suis & ipse superuidebit 
operari in propria persona sua ; quod si famulos non habuerit tunc 
operabitur in propria [persona '], & valet opus iii d. ; idem cariabit 
blada domini communiter per v dies & amplius, si oporteat, cum 
vicino suo, & valet opus vnius tenentis iiii d. ; item si habeat | animalia fol. 89'. 
ad valorem ii s. vi d. ad Uincula sancti Petri dabit Petrispans i d. ; idem 
dabit in quadragesima cum vicinis suis pro Heryngsiluer iiii s.; 
idem dabit de auxilio ad festum sancti Michaelis cum vicinis suis 
commimiter xl s.; idem si braceat ad tabernam dabit domino pro 
tolcestr' ii lagenas ceruisie, vel ii d.; idem non vendet bouem uel 
equum de sui nutritura sine licencia domini; non coronari faciet 
filium nee maritabit filiam sine licencia domini; dabit heriettum 
melius animal; faciet finem cum domino pro ingressu habendo ad 
voluntatem domini communiter pro xl s., & omnia alia faciet que 
natiue [sic] incumbunt. 

Agn[es] le Thecher tenet de domino per rotulum curie vnum 
cotagium cum ii acris terre pro redditu xii d. & sarculabit per vnum 
diem & valet opus ii d. sine cibo domini ; eadem faciet vnam bederepam 
cum custumariis & ministrabitur ei vt vni custimiario, & valet opus 
iiii d. ; eadem leuabit fenum domini in prato per i diem & recipiet 
fenum in curia domini per alium diem, & valet opus duorum dierum 
ii d.; eadem tenet ibidem dimidiam acram terre edificatam pro 
redditu xviii d., & operabitur per quatuor dies vt supra, Eadem 
Agnes tenet tercium cotagium cum crofto pro redditu xii d., & opera- 
bitur per quatuor dies, vt pro vno cotagio supra; faciet finem pro 
ingressu; debet sectam curie, & heriectum pro quolibet, pannagium si 
habeat porcos, denarium sancti Petri & tolnetum ceruisie sicut lohannes 
Uyncent. 

Rector tenet ibidem dimidiam acram terre edificatam, ad rectoriam 
pertinentem, sine redditu vel seruicio, 

^ Sic, « ' bederipam '. » Omitted in MS. 

* Any food besides bread. 



I30 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

lohannes Sely tenet vnum tenementum cum quatuor acris teire 
campestribus pro redditu v solidonim, & faciet omnia que predicta 
Agnes facit, preter sarculacionem, leuacionem & recepcionem feni. 

Walterus Carpentarius virgatarius tenet vnam virgatam terre cum 
pertinenciis ; reddet & faciet in omnibus sicut lohannes Uyncent 

Robertus le Tournour virgatarius reddet & faciet in omnibus sicut 
lohannes Uyncent ; idem tenet vnum cotagium nuncupatum Cotedenes- 
place de feodo de Hode sine redditu. 

lohannes Scrag' tenet vnam acram edificatam pro redditu ii s. ii d., 
& operabitur per quatuor dies & alia faciet vt predicta Agnes. Ibidem 
sunt duo cotagia de feodo de Wodcote sine redditu & seruicio, quia con- 
prehenduntur sub tenura sua de Wodcote, vt creditur : inquiratur ergo. 

lohannes le Fuller tenet vnam acram edificatam pro redditu xii d. 
& operabitur per quatuor dies & alia faciet vt predicta Agnes. 

Thomas Wade tenet dimidiara acram edificatam pro redditu vi d. : 
operabitur per quatuor dies & alia faciet vt predicta Agnes. 

Lib[ere]: — Dominus de Stoke Marmyon' tenet ibidem libere 
dimidiam acram edificatam pro redditu vi d. : faciet fidelitatem 
& sectam curie ad festum sancti Michaelis & Hokeday: dabit 
Leriettum &c. 
fol. 89^. lohannes I le Clerk tenet vnam acram edificatam ad terminum vite 
sue pro redditu iii s. & vnam bederipam ad cibum domini, cui mini- 
strabitur sicut vni custumario : debet sectam curie, heriettum &c. 

lohannes Dunt tenet ibidem vnam acram adhuc non edificatam, 
(precipietur vt edificiet) pro redditu ii s. : operabitur per quatuor dies 
& alia faciet vt predicta Agnes facit pro vno cotagio. 

lohannes Hacherend iunior tenet vnum cotagium ciim quatuor 
acris terre pro redditu iiii s., & faciet quatuor opera & alia vt predicta 
Agnes, 

lohannes Hacherand senior tenet vnum tenementum cum dimidia 
virgata terre pro redditu viii s., & operabitur per quatuor dies, & alia 
faciet vt predicta Agnes pro vno cotagio. 

Willelmus Hacherant tenet vnum tenementum cum crofto & ii acris 
terre pro redditu ii s., & operabitur per quatuor dies, & alia faciet vt 
predicta Agnes pro vno cotagio. 

Thomas Wade tenet dimidiam acram edificatam pro redditu xii d. : 
operabitur per quatuor dies, & alia faciet vt predicta Agnes. 

lohannes Thoms virgatarius reddit & faciet in omnibus vt predictus 
lohannes Uyncent 

lohannes Irland tenet dimidiam acram edificatam per rotulum curie 
pro redditu ii s. vi d. ; non operabitur ; debet sectam curie, heriectum 
& finem facere pro ingressu* 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 131 

Radulphus le Couper tenet dimidiam acram edUicatam pro redditu 
ii s. vi d. ; faciet in omnibus sicut lohannes Irland. 

Willelmus Irland tenet tenementum cum dimidia virgata terre & 
dimidia acra prati ad terminum vite pro redditu ix s. 

lohannes le Clerc tenet dimidiam virgatam terre ad terminum vite 
sue pro redditu x s., qui reddere solebat ^ xiiii s. x d. ; in aliis faciet 
sicut lohannes Irland & operabitur & alia fiaciet vt dicta Agnes. 

lohannes Hacherand virgatarius redd[et] & faciet in omnibus sicut 
lohannes Vyncent. 

lohannes Thoms virgatarius redd[et] ft faciet in omnibus sicut 
lohannes Uyncent. 

Idem lohannes virgatarius pro tenemento le Bartour reddet ft Cftdet 
in omnibus sicut lohannes Uyncent. 

lohannes de Passele tenet vnum tenementum cum i virgata terre & 
vna acra terre in campis de Stoke, vnam acram prati ft xx acras terre 
in campis de Gorynges pro redditu ix s., faciet homagium : dominus 
habebit wardum ' & maritagium sine releuium si contigerit : sectam 
curie debet : dabit heriettum. Idem faciet unam aruram in quadra- 
gesima ad cibum domini & valet iiii d. & veniet ad Metbederep[am] 
domini cum tota familpa] sua preter vxorem & valet vi li. iii s. vi d. ' 

lohannes Daunsell virgatarius reddit & faciet in omnibus vt pre- 
dictus lohannes Uyncent 

Radulphus le Couper virgatarius reddit ft faciet in omnibus sicut 
predictus lohannes Vyncent | 

Walterus atte Welle tenet ibidem vnum cotagium pro redditu xvi d. foL 90'. 
ad terminum vite per rotulum curie. Rector tenet ibidem mansum 
rectorie continens iiii acras cum clauso & duas uirgatas terre pertinentes 
ad rectoriam suam sine redditu vel seruido. Idem dabit vnam libram 
piperis ad festum Natalis Domini pro pensione ecclesie. Idem dabit 
domino ad Pascha v s. pro quibusdam minutis decimis„ quos elemo- 
sinarius de Egnesham perdpere consueuit. 

Radulfiis iunior virgatarius reddit & fadet in omnibus sicut pre- 
dictus lohannes Vyncent 

lohannes le Fuller virgatarius reddit & fadet in omnibus sicut 
predictus lohannes Vyncent 

lohannes Damosel virgatarius reddet ft faciet in omnibus sicut 
predictus lohannes Vyncent. 

Robertus Newman tenet duo tenementa cum duobus virgatis terre : 
dupplicabit omnia seruicia dicti lohannis Uyncent. 

^ ' solebant/ MS. ' This is the reading in the mmnn- 

* For'wardam'. The same form is script, but it seems an incredible 
used again in charter 674. amount 

K a 



132 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

lohannes Uyncent virgatarius reddet & fadet pro ista in omnibus 
sicut facit pro alia virgata, que clare super exprimitur. 

Willelmus lacob virgatarius reddet & fadet in omnibus sicut 
lohannes Vyncent. 

Galfridus atte Holm virgatarius reddit ft faciet sicut predictus 
lohannes Vyncent. 

lohannes Northfolg* tenet vnum mesuagium cum duabus virgatis 
terre : dupplicabit omnia seruicia dicti lohannis Vyncent 

Walterus atte Welle & Isabella vxor eius tenent per cartam con- 
uentus ad terminum vite sue tenementum atte Barre cum terra 
adiacente & terra de liremong[er], que lohannes de Chiltenham 
quondam adquisiuit, pro redditu xvi s., que reddere consueuerunt 
xls., faciendo vt in carta indentata continentur. 

lohannes Dont virgatarius reddet & faciet in omnibus sicut predictus 
lohannes Vyncent. 

Thomas Akard virgatarius reddet & faciet in omnibus sicut pre- 
dictus lohannes Vyncent. 

Willelmus Albray tenet vnum mesuagium cum duabus virgatis 
terre : dupplicabit omnia seruicia predicti lohannis Vyncent 

Idem Willelmus tenet vnum cotagium cum curtilagio & crofto, quod 
quondam fuit Nicholai Passele, pro redditu ii s. ii d., &, operabitur & 
sdia faciet vt lohannes Irlond. 

lohannes le Baker tenet vnum mesuagium & vnam virgatam terre 
pro redditu v s., & faciet omnia alia seruicia que lohannes Passele 
faciet, & arabit per i diem. 

Henricus WUiams virgatarius reddit & faciet in omnibus sicut 
predictus lohannes Uyncent. 

lohannes Thommes virgatarius pro virgata quondam Hems non 
edificatam faciet in omnibus sicut predictus lohannes Uyncent. 

Robertus Lilie tenet vnum tenementum cum duabus virgatis: 
duplicabit omnia seruicia lohannis Uyncent 

Alicia Molden tenet vnum cotagium cum quatuor acris terre pro 
redditu iiii s., & omnia alia faciet predicta Agnes pro vno cotagio. 

lohannes Godefrey virgatarius reddit & facit in omnibus sicut 
fol. 90^. predictus | lohannes Uyncent. 

Willelmus Hacherent virgatarius reddit & &cit omnia que facit 
lohannes Uyncent. 

lohannes le Couper virgatarius reddet & faciet sicut idem lohannes 
Uyncent. 

Idem lohannes tenet vnum cotagium cum duabus acris terre pro 
redditu ii s., ft operabitur per quatuor dies, ft alia faciet vt predicU 
Agnes. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 133 

Rogeros Hayward ad finem ville versus boriam tenet vnum 
mesuagium & vnam virgatam terre ad terminum vite sue pro redditu 
z s., & fadet quatuor opera vt predicta Agnes : dabit heriettum & fadet 
sectam curie &c. 

In superiori parte dicti vid versus orientem Isabella de la Hyde tenet 
vnum tenementum cum vna virgata terre, nunc tria cotagia, pro redditu 
iiii s., ft facit in onmibus sicut lohannes Passele. 

lohannes le Baker tenet ibidem vnum cotagium, ii acras terre, 
dimidiam acram prati pro redditu ii s. vi d : non operabitur : alia 
fadet vt predicta Isabella. 

Est vnum tenementum ibidem cum duabus virgatis terre &c in 
manus domini: cum traditum fuerit, dupplicabitur seruicium & 
redditus lohannis Uyncent, & quondam fuit Knottyng. 

Thomas le Schort tenet vnum mesuagium & est virgatarius & reddet 
& faciet in omnibus sicut dictus lohannes Uyncent. 

Idem Thomas tenet vnum croftum ad finem clausi sui pro redditu 
zii d. & nuncupatur Caluecroft. 

Willelmus Steuenes virgatarius reddet & &ciet in onmibus sicut 
predictus lohannes Uyncent. 

Thomas le Schort virgatarius tenet vnum tenementum & reddet ft 
faciet in onmibus sicut idem lohannes Vyncent pro duplo. 

lohannes Hacherent senior virgatarius reddet ft fadet onmia que 
fadt lohannes Uyncent 

lohannes le Baker tenet i cotagium, ii acras terre, dimidiam acram 
prati pro redditu ii s. vi d. ft &dt ut prozima \sic] supra. 

Summa arurarum zviii acr., dimid. acr. 
Summa extente earundem ix s. iii d. 
Summa gallinarum, zxvii. 
Sununa extente vi s. ii d. 
Smnma de Lodepens iii s. i d. 
Summa de Heryngsyluer iiii s. 

Sunmia pannagii 

Simima de Tolcestr' 

Summa denariorum de Petrespens — «— 
Summa sarculacionis bladorum, Ii opera. 
Summa extente viii s. vi d. 
Smnma openun falcacionis pratorum, Ixxiiii. 
Smnma extente xxxvii s. | 

Summa leuacionis feni per virgatarios vi s. ii d. foL 91' 

Summa leuacionis eiusdem ft recepcionis in manerio de cotariis 
ii 8. iiii d. 



134 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Summa cariagii feni per uirgatarios xxxvii carect[atas] quasi per 
vnum diem, q[iiilibet] cu[m] uic[ino]. 

Summa eztente dicti cariagii xxiiii s. viii d. 

Summa metionis virgatarioram per vnum diem sine cibo domini 
xviii acras & dimidiam, quilibet dimidiam acram. 

Summa extente eonmdem xii s. iiii d. 

Summa mederip eorandem sine cibo xxxvii opera. 

Summa extente corundum xii s. iiii d. 

Summa operum quinque dierum dictorum virgatarioram ad cibum 
domini cbcxxv. 

Summa operum xvi cotariorum per unam diem ad cibum domini xvi. 

Summa extente dictoram operum iiii li. xiii s. viii d. 

Summa omnium operum predictoram preter gallinas, cum Lodpens, 
Heringsiluer, Tolcestt* & denariis sancti Petri x li. vi s. iii d. 

Omnes tenentes de Stoke tarn liberi quam alii, habentes Caracas, 
tenentur venire cum suis caracis in quadragesima ad magnam 
precariam domini ad cibiun domini, si dominus voluerit £t omnes 
tenentes liberi & alii habentes animalia dabunt denarium sancti 
Petri. 

674. 
Wodecote. 

Willelmus le Balif de Wodecote tenet libere de domino vnum 
mesuagium, ii virgatas terre, grauam cum perlinenciis apud le Breche 
pro redditu xxvi s. viii d. per annum : faciet vnam araram in quadra- 
gesima ad cibum domini & valet iiii d., & faciet sectam curie, dabit 
heriettum, faciet homagium. Dominus habebit maritagium cum 
acciderit sine releuium. 

Robertus Wolford tenet vnum mesuagium & vnam virgatam terre 
natiue, qui aliquando operabatur & faciebat in omnibus sicut vnus 
virgatarius de Stoke, & reddebit [sic] de redditu vi s., hoc excepto 
quod non falcabit prata domini ; a diu est quod opera ponebantur ad 
certum redditum; nunc reddit annuatim de redditu xiii s. iiii d. 
Idem arabit cum caraca sua terram dommi in quadragesima per 
vnum diem ad cibum domini, & valet arara iiii d. : idem dabit 
pannagium vt tenentes de Stoke: idem, si bracearet ad taber- 
nam, dabit domino duas lagenas ceraisie pro tolneto vel duos 
denarios : idem debet vnam bederepam in autumpno ad dbum 
domini cum vno homine, & valet iiii d. Non maritabit filium vel 
foL 91^ filiam, non vendet | bouem uel equum de nutritura sua sine licencia 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 135 

domini : dabit heriettum : faciet finem pro ingressu tenement! habendo 
ad voluntatem domini: veniet ad medebederepam domini cum tota 
familia sua, preter vxorem, si dominus voluerit, & valet opus ii d. : 
idem dabit denarium sancti Petri & alia faciet que natiue incumbunt 

Magister Henricus de Wodecote tenet diuersa mesuagia cum 
quinque virgatis terre, grauas cum suis pertinentiis, libere pro redditu 
annuo xxxii s. : debet sectam curie. Idem mittet caruram [sic] suam 
ad magnam precariam domini in quadragesima ad cibum domini, si 
requisitus fuerit. Item onmes tenentes sui venient ad metebedere- 
pam domini & eciam ipse. Quod si tenentes non habuerit, tunc 
omnes famuli sui venient: debet homagium & alia vt predictus 
Willelmus Baillif. Idem Henricus tenet quandam placeam de bruera 
pro redditu ii s. vi d. 

Thomas Schort tenet de domino per rotulum curie ad terminimi 
vite sue pro redditu xiiii s. vnum mesuagium &^ vnam virgatam terre, 
que reddere consueuit xvi s. vi d. : debet sectam curie : dabit heriettum. 

Eustacius le Weler tenet de domino vnum mesuagium cum dimidia 
virgata terre pro redditu annuo vi s. : in aliis reddet k faciet sicut 
Robertus Wolford. 

lohannes Wystone tenet vnum mesuagium pro redditu am uo viii d. 
& faciet sectam curie: idem lohannes tenet vnum mesuagium cum dimi- 
dia virgata terre pro redditu vi s. & facit sicut predictus Eustacius. 

Thomas Schort virgatarius reddit de annuo redditu xiii s. iiii d. : 
reddet & faciet sicut predictus Robertus Wolford. 

Matildis le Baratour tenet vnum cotland, videlicet quartam partem 
vnius virgate, pro redditu iii s. iii d.: reddet & faciet in aliis vt 
predictus Robertus Wolford. 

Walterus atte Water virgatarius reddit de annuo redditu xiii s. iiii d.: 
in aliis reddet & faciet sicut predictus Robertus Wolford. 

lohannes Wytsyde tenet dimidiam virgatam terre pro redditu vii s. : 
in aliis faciet vt predictus Robertus Wolford. Idem tenet xii seliones 
terre apud Wolfeynesle pro redditu xii d. 

Robertus de Cheseysey virgatarius dat domino de redditu xiii s. : in 
aliis faciet vt dictus Robertus Wolford. 

Ten[ementum] Crispe cum vna virgata terre reddere consueuit in 
omnibus vt Robertus Wolford ; de redditu xiii s. iiii d. | 

In manus domini cotagium cum cotland, quondam Pelaw; reddere fol. 99^ 
consueuit de redditu iii s. vi d., & in aliis vt predictus Robertus. 

Tenementum cum vna virgatar[ia] [sic] terre quondam Corkke red- 
dere consueuit de redditu xiii s. iiii d. & alia facere vt Robertus Wolfard. 

Nicholaus Paiable^ tenet tenemenium cum ii virgatis terre apud 
' In the margin is written < abbas '. 



136 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

le Deyere pro redditu viii 8. : in aliis &cit vt predictus Henricus de 
WodccoU 

Tenementum & vna virgata terre quondam Akard' reddere 
consueuerunt de redditu xiii s. x d. & in aliis facere vt Robertus 
Wolfard. 

Petrus le Smyth tenet vnum tenementum cum dimidia virgata terre 
quondam le Keympe pro redditu vi s. viii d. : in aliis facit vt Robertus 
Wolford. 

Idem Petrus tenet vnum tenementum cum dimidia virgata terre atte 
Hume pro redditu vi s. viii d. : in aliis facit vt Robertus Wolfard. 

Tenementum cum vna virgata terre quondam Drawelamppe reddere 
consueuit de redditu xii s. vi d. : & alia facere vt Robertus Wolfard. 

lohannes Burgeys tenet vnum tenementum cum dimidia virgata terre 
quondam atte Horchard pro redditu vi s. viii d., & alia fadet vt 
predictus Robertus Wolfard. 

Idem lohannes tenet vnum tenementum cum dimidia virgata terre 
quondam Ade le Smyth pro redditu vi s., & alia faciet vt dictus Robertus 
Wolfard.* 

Ten[ementa] cum duabus virgads terre quondam Radulphi le 
Bartour reddere consueuer[unt] de redditu xxvii s., & alia facere vt 
dictus Robertus Wolfard.* 

Unum cotagium quondam bercaria domini reddere consueuit de 
redditu ii s., & alia facere &c. 

Petrus le Smyth tenet vnum cotagium quondam Willelmi le Smythe 
pro redditu ii s. vi d., & alia faciet &c. 

Lib[ere]: Alicia Suyen de Mortele tenet vnum tenementum cum 
duabus virgatis terre pro redditu xxviii s. iiii d. : & alia vt Willelmus 
BaiUif. 

Eadem tenet vnum croftum nuncupatum Polycroft iuxta Brondley- 
gate, pro redditu xi d. 

Lib[ere] : Willelmus atte Dene tenet vnum mesuagium cum grauis 
& iii virgatis terre pro redditu xxii s.; & alia facit vt predictus 
Henricus de Wodecote. 

Isabella de la Hyde tenet ii crofta pro redditu iiii d. 

Tenementum Willelmi atte Hercaid cum vna virgata terre reddere 
consueuit de redditu xiiii s. iiii d. & alia facere vt dictus Robertus 
Wolfard. | 
fol. 99^. Walterus atte Welle pro quadam parcella terre nuncupata Oldland 
reddet iiii d. 

Tenementum Thome de Astmer cum vna virgata terre reddere 

^ In the margin is written opposite this and the next, < in manos domini '. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 137 

consueuit de redditu xv s. x d. & alia facere vt predictus Robertus 
Wolfard. 

Tenementum cum vna virgata terre quondam le Totcr reddere 
consueuit de redditu xiii s. iiii d. & alia facere vt Robertus Wolfard. 

Tenementum cum vna virgata terre quondam le Wyte reddere 
consueuit de redditu xiii s. iiii d. & alia facere vt Robertus Wolfard. 

Terra de Wolfeyesle, quondam de dominicis, in manus domini, 
preter xii seliones, qui reddunt vt supra xii d., & terra que remanet 
reddere consueuit de redditu iii s. 

Summa redditus de Wodecote xx 11. x s. vii d. 

Summa arurarum liberorum tenendum & aliorum tenendum 

xxiii arur[e], prec[io] iiii d. 
Summa extente aruranun vii s. viii d. 

Summa bedereparum liberorum tenendum per esdmadonem ad 
cibum domini xii, & valet opus ii d. 

Summa bederiparum virgatariorum, semivirgatariorum, & cotariorum 
xxxiii, & valet opus diei ii d. 

Summa extente v s. x d. 

Memorandum quod heredes Philippi de Haunle tenent de domino 
abbate de Egnesham vnam hidam terre cum pert, in villa de Moleforde 
pro redditu quatuor solidorum : facient homagium, wardum, & mari- 
tagium sine relevium cum accident 

Item prepositi dicti domini abbads de Stoke erunt quieti de redditu 
vnius virgate terre & omnibus seruiciis & operibus virgatariorum, dimi 
steterint in offido domini 

Memorandum quod falcantes prati domini abbatis simul habebunt 
pro pane eorum annuatim iiii s., vnum multonem secundo meliorem, 
vel xii d., vnum caseum, vel duos denarios, & vnam peluatim sails & 
vnum carectatum bosci pro multone coquinando. 

Nota quod tenementum Ricardi Passelowe, alias Balle, tenet unum 
messuagiimi in Exlade, quondam Payables siue Paynables ^ 

675- 

Stoke. foi. 93' 

Sciant [&c.] quod ego Thomas de Wodecote filius & heres Willelmi Sept. 5, 
de Wodecote dedi [&c.] lohanni Soundi, heredibus & assignatis suis, i333* 
omnia terras & tenementa cum pratis, bosds, pascuis, pasturis, haiis, 
fossatis, & omnibus aliis suis pertinenciis, que habui in villa de Stoke 

' This sentence is in a later hand, and 'Tacatnr' has been written against it 
by another hand. 



138 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Abbat[i8] ; habenda & tenenda omnia predicta [&c.] lohanni Soundi, 
heredibus & assignatis suis imperpetuum, de capitalibiis dominis feodi 
&c. Et ego [&c. warranty]. In cuius [&c. sealing], hiis testibus, 
lohanne de Alueton, Nicholao de Huntercumbe, Benedicto de 
Eyngles, lohanne ate Garstone, Thoma Mannion & aliis. Datum 
apud Chakyndene die dominica proxima post ft stum Decolacionis 
sancti lohannis Baptiste, anno regni regis Edwardi tercii post con- 
questum septimo. 

676. 

[Richard de Wodecote grants a qtiitrent in South Stoke 
to Adam de Hoghtone.] 

May 98, Sciant [&c.] quod ego Ricardus de Wodecote dedi [&c.] magistro 
^^^ Ade de Hoghtone & Ysabelle de Beel & heredibus suis & suis 
assignatis duos solidatos annui liberi & quieti redditus prouenientes de 
quodam crofto quod nominatur Hundescrofte in parochia de Sowth- 
stoke : habendos et tenendos de capitalibus dominis feodi illius libere 
& quiete, bene & in pace dictis Ade & Isabelle, eorum heredibus siue 
assignatis in perpetuum. Et ego [&c. warranty]. Et ut [&c. sealing], 
hiis testibus, Ricardo Niwland, lohanne Marmyon, Willehn de 

fol. 93^ Wodecote, | Willelmo ate Dene, Bartholomeo ate Barr', lohanne le 
Dezar^ lohanne ate Pound & aliis. Datum apud Wodekote predictam ^ 
die Veneris proxima post festum beati Augustini Anglorum episcopi, 
anno regni regis Edwardi filii regis Edwardi quarto. 

677. 

£tiidenc[ie] lohannis Paslow in villa de Sttthstoke. 

[u53~ Sciant [&c.] quod ego Godifrigus [stc] die gracia abbas Egnesham 

9^0 & conuentus eiusdem loci dedimus [Ac] Willelmo Paslow quamdiu 
vixerit vnam virgatam terre in villa de Stoke & vnam acram terre 
quam Adam Cithera tenuit & uiginti acras terre quas Hugo de Bixest * 
[cum *] filio suo monachando ecclesie nostre dedit : quod tenementum 
predictus Willelmus de nobis tenebit libere & quiete ab omni seniicio 
& consuetudine, saluo seruicio domini regis, pro octo solidis & quatuor 
(ienariis nobis annuatim persoluendis ad quatuor terminos scilicet duos 
solidos ad Pascha & duos ad Pentecost', duos ad Uincula sancti Petri & 
duos solidos & quatuor denarios ad festum sancti Michaelis. Heredes 
autem sui post illius decesstun omnia supradicta eadem libertate de no- 
bis tenebunt per nouem solidos annuos, quorum tres ad festum sancti 

^ 'predicta,* MS. Biz Brand. 

' i. e. £ast Biz, afterwards called ' Not iu MS., bat is required. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 139 

Michaelis persoluent, reliquos terminis predictis, ad singulos scilicet 
terminos duos solidos soluent. Hec vero pro seniicio suo ei & 
heredibus suis concessimus & iile pro ista confirmatione dedit nobis 
sexdecim solidos & octo denarios. Hiis testibus &c. 

[folio 94' is blank.] 

678. 
Redditus assise de Sowthstoke.^ foL 94^ 

Free-holders : lohannes Awdlett ii yerdland, x s, 
Wyllyam Passlowe a yerdland, ix s. 
Item a pesse of grownd by Planox, ii s. 

Custumarii tenentes ibidem : 

(copia sibi tantum;) Thomas Wylderre v yerdland & gardyn 
grownd xlv s. ii d.; for Bellys, ix s. vi d. 

(sibi tantum ;) Thomas Maynorre ii yerdland & a mysse * & di[mid.] 
acar, xxiii s. iiii d. 

(non habet copiam ;) lohannes Malwey ii yerdland, xviii s. 

Thomas Gren v yerd land ; xliiii s. viii s. xii s. [sic] 

(sibi tanlum ;) lohannes Tayllorre a yerdland, ix s. viii d. 

(non habet copiam ;) Wyllam Potsmowth [sic] ii yerdland, xvi s. 

(sibi tantum ;) Wyllyam Ware iii yerdland, xxvii s. 

(sibi tantimi ;) Robert Whelar a yerd land, ix s. 

(sibi tanttmi ;) Wyllyam Knyght a yerd land, viii s. 

Wyllyam Walleys ii yerd land at Wodcott, ix s. : a holld howse, ii s. 
iiii d. ; item the same Wyllyam for iiii yerd lands, xxxv s. viii d.; item 
for Heywards ii yerd lands, acar medd[e], xvi s. 

Laurensse Gylbert Ivi s. 

(caret copia ;) Wyllyam Wales, herysman, a yerdland, ix s. 

Attkjme iii yerdland, xxx s. vi d. 

Skynner, alias Mr. Standyche, iiii yerdland, iii Ii. ii s. viii d. 

Planox, a yerdland & acar off medde 

John' Byane iiii yerdland, iiii s. vi d. 

Walter Adamsse, iiii s. vi d. 

Summa • | 

Woddcott : fol. 95'. 

Thomas (?) Endellelle, kynght \sic\ xii d. 

Thomas Heydok, sqwerre xxii s, 

^ Thisisinahund ofabont 1530. * Has been erased. 

' Probably « < mese *, message. 



I40 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

lohannes Cosmorre, squerre, xxvi s, viii 4 
Lady Recde, iiii s. 
Robert Benytt, xzxv s« 
Rychard Wyntersell, xxii s. 
Abbat of Notley, xii d. 

Summa v 11 xv s. \stc\ viii d. 
Custumarii tenentes ibidem : — 
Stevyne Alnett a yerdland, xi s. ; copia sibi tantum. 
Thomas Tayllor ii yerdland & dim,, xxx s. ; sibi tantmn. 
Wyllyam Hanstey a yerdland & dim., xiii s, ; caret copia* 
Item for a howsse to a holld widow, xxiii d. 
Walter Edrygge ii yerdland, xxii s. 
Harry (?)Crihgselle ii yerdland, xvi s. viii 4 
Item, for a passel off land off xv acars, v s. 
Thomas Emand a yerdland, xii s. 
lohannes Chyrche ii yerdland, xviii s. 
Nycolas Fullerre iii yerdland, xxxiiii s. vi d. 
Wyllyam Edkyne dim, yerdland, iiii s. 
Robert Benytt ii yerdland, xxii s. 

[ *] Wylder dim. acarre off herabylle land, iiii d, 

Hawell off* Mossforthe • iiii s. 

Smnma totalis xxxviii IL xvi s. v d. | 

foLgs^. Stoke: 

Pro firma terrarmn dominicalium v Ii. xiii s. iiii d. 
Item, pro decimis rectorie x Ii. x s. 

[folios g6-ioi are blank.] 



679. 

foLxoa'. Munimenta de Carswell. 

April 3, Sciant [&c] quod nos lohannes Wawe de Astrop & Agnes uxor 
I384- mea dedimus [&c.] Thome Walter capellano manerium nostrum 
de Asthrop cum omnibus suis pert, in comitatu Oxon', ac eciam 
omnia terras & tenementa nostra cum omnibus suis pert, que quondam 
fiierunt Thome Austyn in villa & campis de Carswelle in comitatu 
Oxonie: habenda & tenenda omnia predicta [&c.] Thome Walter, 
heredibus & assignatis suis inperpetuum, de capitalibus dominis feodi 
illius per seruicia inde debita & de iure consueta. £t nos [&c. 

1 Illegible. * i. e. Mooltford. 

» Written *aff'. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 141 

warranty]. In cuius [&c. sealing], hiis testibus, lohanne de Carswelle, 
lohanne Walker* de Bamptone, Thoma Bernard de Asthrope, Willelmo 
de Haddone, Thoma Costard de Lawe & aliis. Datum apud Asthrope 
die dominica in festo Ramis Palmarum anno regni regis Ricardi II 
septimo. 

680. 

Finis de terris & tenementis in CarsweUe. 

Hec est finalis concordia facta in curia domini regis apud West- X3^ 
monasterium in xv diirs,^ anno regnorum Ricardi regis Angiie & 
Francie viii, coram Roberto Bealknappe, Willelmo Skipwythe, Rogero 
de Fulthorp, lohanne Holt, & Willelmo de Burgh', iusticiariis & aliis 
domini regis fidelibus tunc ibi presentibus, inter Thomam Walter 
capellanum querentem & lohannem Wawe de Astrop & Agnetem 
uzorem eius defordantes de manerio de Astrop cum pert. & de uno 
mesuagio, centum acris terre & decem acris prati cum pert, in 
Craswelle; unde placitum conuencionis summonitum fuit inter eos 
in eadem curia, scilicet quod predict! lohannes & Agnes recognouerunt 
predicta manerium & tenementa cum pert, esse ius ipsius Thome, 
vt ilia que idem Thomas habet de dono predictorum lohannis & 
Agnetis : et ilia remiserunt & quietum clamauerunt de ipsis lohanne 
& Agnete & heredibus ipsius lohannis predicto Thome & heredibus 
suis in perpetuum. £t preterea idem lohannes & Agnes concesserunt 
pro se & heredibus ipsius lohannis, quod ipsi warantizabunt predicto 
Thome & heredibus suis predicta manerium & tenementa cum 
pert, contra omnes homines in perpetuum. £t pro hac recognidone, 
[&c.] Thomas dedit predictis lobanni & Agneti centum libras 
sterlingorum. | 

681. 
Carta Thome Walter facta lohannL foL xoa^ 

Sciant [&c.] quod ego Thomas Walter de Hambury capellanus de Aug. 36, 
comitatu Wigornie dedi [&c.] magistro lohanni Denby rectori ecdesie *3^* 
de Chelrey, domino lohanni Mareys rectori ecclesie de Hayford 
Pont[em], Ricardo Ouertone & Ade Baker de Egnesham, omnia 
terras & tenementa mea, prata, pascuas & pasturas, redditus & 
seruida & reuersiones cum omnibus suis i)ert., que & quas habeo seu 
quouismodo habere potero, in villa & campis de Crotebrugge & 

^ The date has beea omitted. 



143 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Carswelle in parochia dc Wytteneye, que quondam fuerunt Thome 
Austyn: habenda & tenenda omnia predicta terras [&c.] predictis 
lohanni, lohanni, Rlcardo, & Ade Baker, heredibus & assignads 
eormn in perpetuum : faciendo capitalibus dominis feodi illius seruida 
inde debita & de iure consueta. Et ego [&c. warranty]. In cuius 
[&c. sealing], hiis testibus, lohanne Louel, Thoma Harcourte milite, 
Thoma Poure, Barlholomeo Hastjmg, Thoma Fretewelle, lohanne 
Walker, lohanne Carswelle, Thoma Bernard, Thoma Batyn & multis 
aliis. Datum apud Carswelle predictam die Veneris proxima post 
festum sancti Bartholomei apostoli, anno regni regis Ricardi II 
octaua 



682. 

Carta lohannis Denby k. sociorum suorum facta 
Willelmo Persone. 

Aug. 3O9 Sciant [&c.] quod nos lohannes Denby [&c as in the last] 
*3^« dedimus [&c.] domino Willelmo Person' rectori ecclesie de Sulthume, 
domino Thome Tiwe capellano, domino Willelmo Priour capellano, 
& Thome Braundestone clerico, omnia terras & tenementa nostra, 
prata [&c. as before] in villa & campis de Crotebrugge & Carswelle 
in parochia de Witteney, que terre & tenementa quondam fuerunt 
Thome Austyn : habenda & tenenda [&c. as before, muiaits mutandis], 

fol. xo3». Et nos [&c. warranty] | . In cuius [&c. sealing], hiis testibus, 
lohanne Louel, ut supra in proxima carta. Datum apud Carswelle 
predictam, die Martis proxima post festum Decolladonis sancti lohannis 
Baptiste, anno regni regis Ricardi II octauo. 



683. 

Littera attomat[oria] lohannis Denby facta Ade Baker 
ad deliberandam seisinam. 

Aug. 31, Noverint [&&] nos lohannem Denby, rectorem ecclesie de Chelreye, 
1384' lohannem Mareys rectorem ecclesie de Heyford Pont*, & Ricardum 
Ouerton attomasse & loco nostro posuisse dilectum nobis in Christo 
Adam Baker de Egnesham certum attomatum nostrum ad deli- 
berandum domino Willelmo Person' rectori ecclesie de Sulthume, 
domino Thome Tiwe [&c. as in the last] in omnibus terris & tene- 
mentis, pratis, pascuis [&c.] plenam seisinam, secundum vim, formam 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 143 

& effectum cuiasdam carte eisdem per nos & eundem Adam Baker 
inde confecte, prout in eadem plenius continetur, que & quas terras 
[&c.] habuimus ex dono & feoffamento domini Walteri capellani in 
villa & campis de Carswell' & Crotebrugge, & que quondam fuerunt 
Thome Austyn, ratum & gratum habituros quicquid idem attornatus 
noster fecerit in premissis. In cuius [&c. sealing]. Datum Oxonie, 
die Mercurii proxima post festum Decollationis sancti lohannis 
Baptiste, anno regni regis Ricardi secundi post conquestum octauo. 



684. 

Relaxacio lohannis Bussh' de terris & tenementis 
in Carswelle. 

Omnibus [&c.] lohannes Bussh' de Witteney capellanus salutem Aug. 38, 
in domino. Noueritis me pro me & heredibus meis remisisse, • *3o4» 
relaxasse ac in perpetuum quietum clamasse magistro lohanni Denby 
rectori ccclesie de Chelrey, domino lohanni Mareys [&c.], totum ius 
meum & clameum, que habeo seu quouismodo habere potero, in 
omnibus illis terris & tenementis [&c.], que iidem I., I., R. & A. 
tenent in villa & campis de Carswelle & Crotebrugg' in parochia 
de Witteney : ita quod nee ego [&c.]. In cuius [&c. sealing] : datum 
apud Wytteneye die dominica proxima post festimi sancti Bartho- 
lomei apostoli, anno regni regis Ricardi secundi post conquestum 
octauo. I 

685. 

Relaxacio Ricardi Ouertone super terris & fol. 103^ 

tenementis in CarsweUe. 

Omnibus [&c.] Ricardus Ouertone salutem. Noueritis me [&c. as Sept 36, 
in the last] quietum clamasse Willelmo Person', rectori ecclesie de '384- 
Sulthtime, Thome Tiwe [&c.] totimi ius meum [&c. as in the last] 
que iidem W., T., W. & T. tenent in villis & campis de Carswell & 
Crotebrugge [&c. as before]. Datum apud Egnesham, die lune 
proxima ante festum sancti Michaelis archangeli, anno r. r. Ric. II. 
octauo. 



[The rest of 103^ is blank.] 



144 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 



686. 

fol. xo4^ Breve ad quod dampnum super dictis terris 

& tenementis. 

Sept 3, Ricardus dei gracia rex Anglie & Francie & dominus Hibemie, 
*3S4« dilecto sibi Edmundo Giflfard escaetori suo in comitatu Oxonie 
salutem. Precipimus tibi quod per sacramentum probonim & 
legalium hominum de balliua tua, per quos rei Veritas melius sciii 
potent, diligenter inquiras, si sit ad dampnum vel preiudicium nostrum 
aut alionmi, si concedamus Willelmo Person', persone ecclesie de 
Sulthume, Thome Tiwe capellano, Willelmo Priour capellano & 
Thome Braundestone clerico, quod ipsi unum mesuagium, centum 
acras terre & decem acras prati cum pert, in Carswelle dare possint & 
assignare dilectis nobis in Christo abbati & conuentui de Egnesham : 
habenda & tenenda eisdem abbati & conuentui & successoribus suis 
imperpetuum in parte satisfaccionis viginti marcatarum terre & redditus 
per annum, quas dominus £. nuper rex Anglie, proauus noster, per 
litteras suas patentes eisdem abbati & conuentui tam de feodo suo 
proprio quam alieno, exceptis terris, & tenementis redditibus, que de 
ipso proauo nostro tenebantur in capite, concessit acquirendas, necne. 
£t si sit ad dampnum & preiudicium nostrum aut aliorum, tunc ad 
quod dampnum & quod preiudicium nostrum, & ad quod dampnum 
& quod preiudiciimi aliorum & quorum & qualiter & quomodo, & de 
quo uel de quibus teneantur, & per quod seruicium & qualiter & 
quomodo, & quantum ualent per annum in omnibus exidbus iuxta 
uerum ualorem eorundem, & qui & quot sunt medii inter nos & 
prefatos Willelmum, Thomam, Willelmum & Thomam de mesuagio, 
terris & prato predictis; et si terre & tenementa eisdem Willelmo, 
Thome, Willelmo & Thome remanencia vltra donacionem & assig- 
nacionem predictas sufficiant ad consuetudines & seruicia tam de 
predictis mesuagio, terris & prato sic datis, quam de aliis terris & 
tenementis sibi retentis dcbite facienda, & quod iidem W., T., W. & T. 
in assisis, iuratis & aliis recognicionibus quibuscunque poni possunt 
prout ante donacionem & assignacionem predictas poni consueuerunt ; 
ita quod patria per donacionem & assignacionem predictas magis 
solito non oneretur, seu grauetur. £t inquisicionem inde distincte & 
aperte factam, nobis in cancellaria nostra sub sigillo tuo & sigillo 
eorum per quos facta fuerit sine dilacione mittas, & hoc breue. 
Teste me ipso apud Westm' secundo die Septembris anno regni 
nostri octauo. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 145 

687. 

Inqtiisicio capta per escaetorem super breui ad quod 
dampnum. 

Inquisicio capta apud Witten' xiiio die Septembris anno r. r. Sept 13, 
Ricardi II octauo coram me Edmundo Giflfard escaetore domini regis '3^' 
in comitatu Oxonie, virtiite cuiusdam breuis ad quod dampnum, per 
sacramentum Thome Fretewelle, lohannis Abraham, Thome Batyn, 
Ricardi Dyer, lohannis Nettelcombe, Stephani Drouere, Willelmi 
Pacy, Thome Cogges, Nicholai Cnindale, Willehni Bunt3mg, Nicholai 
Sch[er]man & Thome Bernard, qui dicunt per sacramentum suum 
quod non est ad dampnum vel preiudicium regis nee aliorum, licet 
idem dominus rex concedat Willelmo Persone, persone ecclesie | foL 104^ 
de Sulthume, Thome Tiwe [&c.] quod ipsi unum mesuagium, centum 
acras terre, & decem acras prati cum pert, in Carswelle dare possint & 
assignare abbati & conuentui de Egnesham: habenda & tenenda 
eisdem abbati & conuentui & successoribus suis in perpetuum in parte 
satisfaccionis uiginti marcatarum terre, tenementorum & redditus, que 
de rege non tenentur, quas dominus £. nuper rex Anglie proauus 
domini nostri regis nunc eis concessit acquirendas. £t dicunt quod 
mesuagium predictum, centum acre terre & decem acre prati cum 
pert, in Carswelle, vnde breue facit mencionem, tenentur de abbate 
de Egnesham, vt de iure ecclesie sue de Egnesham per seruicium 
militare & redditum xxi solidorum & quatuor denariorum annuatim 
prefatis abbati & conuentui & eorum successoribus soluendorum : et 
valet in omnibus exidbus iuxta ^ verum valorem eiusdem vi s. viii d. : 
et dicimt quod predictus abbas de Egnesham omnia predicta, mesua- 
gium, terras & pratum cum pert in Carswell tenet de domino rege 
in capite in liberam, puram & perpetuam elemosinam, ut de honore 
sancti Wallerici in manu domini nostri regis nunc existente. Et 
predicti W., T., W. & T. nulla alia terras seu tenementa habent in 
balliua eiusdem escaetoris; nee patria per donacionem & assigna- 
cionem predictas magis solito aliqualiter onerabitur. In cuius 
[&c. sealing]. Datum apud Witteneyam, dicto xiii die Septembris 
anno supradicto, 

688. 

Carta regis super dicUs terris & tenementis in Carswell' 
mortificandis. 

Ricardus dei grada r&c.]. Sciatis quod cum dominus £. nuper Oct 139 

X384. 

* *vltra,'MS. 

U. L 



146 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

rex Anglie, proauus noster, per iitteras suas patentes concessisset 
& licenciam dedisset pro se & heredibus suis quantum in ipso fuit 
dilecto sibi in Christo abbati & conuentui de Egnesham, quod ipsi 
terras, tenementa & redditus cum pert, ad valorem viginti marcanim 
per annum iuxta verum valoretn eorundeifi tarn de feodo suo proprio 
quam alteno, exceptis terris, tenementis & redditu, que de ipso proauo 
nostro tenebantui^ adquirere possent, habenda sibi & successoribus 
suis imperpetuum, statuto de terris & tenementis ad manum mortuam 
non ponendis edito non obstante, prout in litteris ipsius proaui nostri 
patentibus inde confectis plenius continetur ; nos uolentes concessionem 
ipsius proaui nostri predictam effectui debito mancipari, concessimus 
& licenciam dedimus pro nobis & heredibus nostris quantimi in nobis 
est Willelmo Person, persone ecclesie de Sulthume, Thome Tiwe 
[&c.] quod ipsi unum mesuagium, centum acras terre, & decem acras 
prat! cum pert, in Carswelle, que sunt de feodo ipsorum abbatis & 
conuentus & que ualent per annum iuxta ^ verum valorem vi s. viii d. | 
fol xo5^ sicut per inquisidonem inde per Edmundum Giffard escaetorem 
nostrum in comitatu Oxonie de mandato nostro captam & in can- 
cellariam nostram retornatam est compertum, dare possint & assignare 
prefatis abbati & conuentui : habenda & tenenda sibi 8c successoribus 
suis in valorem viginti solidonim per annum in parte satisfaccionis 
uiginti marcatarum terre, tenementorum & redditus predictorum. 
Et eisdem abbati [&c. licence to receive the gift]. Teste nie ipso 
apud Westm' xiii die Octobris anno regni nostri octauo. 



689. 

Carta facta abbati de Egnesham de terris k. tenementis 
in Carswell. 

Nov. 9, Sciant [&c.] quod nos Willelmus Persone, persona ecclesie de 
1384. Sulthurne, Thomas Tiwe [&c.] ex licenda illustrissimi principis & 
domini, Domini Ricardi, dei gracia regis Anglie [&c.] super hoc 
optenta dedimus [&c,] abbati & conuentui de Egnesham, ummi 
mesuagium, centum acras terre, & decem acras prati cum omnibus 
suis pert, in Carswell : habenda & tenenda in puram & perpetuam 
elemosinam in perpetuum. In cuius [&c. sealing] hiis testibus, domino 
lohanne Louel, Ricardo Abburbury, Thoma Harcourt^ lohanae 
Noweres, militibus, Thoma Poure, Thoma Fretewelle, Bartholomeo 
Hastyng, lohanne Walker, lohanne Carswell, lohanne Abraham, 

» 'vlt«,»MS. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 147 

Thoma Bernard, Thoma Batyn & multis aliis. Datum apud Carswell 
predictam die Mercurii in crastino Omnium Sanctorum, anno regni 
regis Ric. II. octauo. 

690. 

Littera attom[atoria] de deliberanda seisina, &c. 

Nonerint uniuersi nos Willelmum Person [&c.], T. T. capellanum Nov. 5, 
& W. P. capellanum attomasse & loco nostro posuisse dilectum nobis '3®^ 
in Cbristo Thomam Braundestone clericum certum attomatum 
nostrum ad deliberandam abbati & conuentui de Egnesham in uno 
mesuagio, centum acris terre & decem acris prati | cum omnibus suis foL 105^. 
pert in Carswell plenam seisinam, secundimi vim, formam & efifectum 
cuiusdam carte [&c.]. Datum Oxonie die Sabbati proxima post 
festum Omnium Sanctonim anno r. r. Ric II. octauo. 



691. 

Cy comencer le droit title, que loban Wawe fitz & heir a John 
Wawe, cytezin & pauner de Londrez, ad en diuerse terres & tene- 
mentes oue les appurtenancez en lez villes & champes de Carswell, 
Crudbrugge, Craule, Astrop', Norton le Bruyn & Aston le Riche 
en le coimte de Oxon', deprim^z* coment vn Adam abbe de 
Egnesham & le Couent de m[eme] le meison ount seisi en pure & 
perpetuall almoigne par vn Willym' de Elvell' ■ de ii virgetz de terre 
oue lez appurtenauncez en le vile de Carswell susdit; le quele 
abbe & son Couent grauntez lez auandit' ii virgetts de terre oue 
lez appurtinaimcez a vn Hugh' Pomeray a tenur a luy ses heyres 
& sez assignes pur toutz iours, cy co[mme] pleinement apiert par 
un ch[art]re parentre eux fait, rendaimt a eux & a lour successours 
annuelment xiii s. iiii d. a dieux termes de Ian, cest assau[oir] al fest 
de seynt Thomas le appostell vi s. viii d. & a le fest de seint lohn 
Baptist vi s. viii d. ; par force de quell graunte il fuiste seisi & 
m[ur]ust seisi sauns issue de son corps; apres quell mort lez 
auaundit' terres descender' a vn meister Willm' Pomeray son frere, 
le quelle Willm' enfeffa lohan Pomeray sa soer de lez auaimdit' 
terres & de toutz lez autrez tenementez, quels ill auoit en le dit vile, 
a tenur' a luy sez heirez & | sez assignes pur toutz iours par le foL xoG'. 
seruice susdit &c. ; par force de quelle feffement ill fiiist seisi & prist 
a baron un Willm' Galard & parentre eux ount issue Hugh Galard 
1 < in the first place '. ' VoL i, p. 15a, the name is ElmeL 

L a 



148 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

& m[u]rer'* seisi: apres quell mort Icz auauntdit' terres & tenement' 
oue lez appurtenauntez descender' a le dit Hugh Galard come fitz 
& hejre de meme ceux William Galard & lohan Pomeray sa feme ; 
le quell Hugh Galard enffeffa vn Hugh de Stanlak de Witney & lohn 
son frere en un mes[8uage], xli acr' de terre & ii acr' de pree oue 
lez appurtenauncez en Carswell auauntdit a auoyr & tenur a eux 
& lour assignes pur toutz iours, ci come pleinement appiert en chartre 
parentre eux faitz : et sur ceo Agnes que fuist le feme de meme cestuy 
Hugh relessa tout le droit quel auoit en lez ditz mes[suage] xli acr' 
& ii acr* de pree a lez auauntditz Hugh de Stanlak & lohn son frere : 
et lohn Galard fitz & heire relessa, ci come pleinement appiert : et 
auxi le dit Hugh Galard enffefifa vn lohan Dokelington de iiii acr' 
pree & v places de pree appellez lez gores en Aston, le quell lohan 
Dokelyngton graunt' son estate a les auauntdit* Hugh Stanlak Sc 
lohn son frere, cy come pleynement appiert par vn chartre. Et auxi 
vn Henr* Lambard graunta a meme ceux Hugh Stanlake & lohan 
son frere de " ii acr* de terre en le vile de Astropp, cy come pleine- 
ment apiert par vn chartre: et auxi vn Willm' fitz de vn William 
Galard graunte a Richard Whithered vn croft oue les appurtenauncez 
en Crudbrugge a tenur' a luy cez heires & cez assignes pur toutz 
iours, cy come pleinement apiert par vn chartre; le quell Richard 
don' & graunt' lez ditz croft a la auauntditz Hugh de Stanlake & lohn 
son frere a tenur^ a eux & lour heyres & lour assignes pur tons iours : 
et puis apres les auauntditz Hugh de Stanlake & lohn' son frere 
demerunt seises de toutz lez auauntditz terres & tenementez oue lour 
appurtenauncez; apres que mort, lez auauntditt* terres & tenementez 
fol. xo6^. oue lour appurtenauncez descender* a un Roger de | Stanlake come 
cosyn & heir a lez auauntditz Hugh de Stanlake & lohn son frere : 
le quell Roger graunt* son estate a lohn Blewbery clerke, cy come 
pleinement [appiert'] par vn relesse parentre eux, le queU lohn* 
graunt* son estate a Thomas Austyn & Margaret sa feme, cy come 
pleinement appiert par vn autre relesse, le quell Thomas Austyn 
graunt* son astate a lohn' Moryn vicary de Witney & lohn' Busshe 
chapleyns: et puis apres lez auauntditz lohn' Moryn & lohn' 
Busshe graunter^ lour astate a meme cestuy Thomas; arerema3me 
le quell Thomas graunt' son astate a lohn' Wawe de Astrop esquier 
par chartre, & auxi par fine en le court de Roy leuie : et puis apres 
lauauntdit lohn Wawe esquier graunt* a lohn' Wawe son cosyn 
citezin & pauner de Loundres toutz cez terres & tenementez & rents 
& seruis' oue lour appurtenauncez queux ill auoit en lez countez 

» ' mrer,» MS, « As if ' enfifcfifa » had preceded. 

• Not in MS. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 149 

de Oxon', North[ampton] & Wigome a auoir & tenur a luy cez heires 
& ses assignes pur toutes iours; le quell lohn' Wawe auoit issue 
vn lohn' Wawe, le quell lohn' Wawe enfeflfa mon maister Thomas 
Bekyngham. 

692. 
Mylcombe.^ foL xot'. 

Wyllyam Castell a howse & ii yerdlands off herabyll land xiiii s. 

Wyllyam Castell a nother howse & a yerdland xiii s. iiii d. 

Richard Halle ' ii yerdlands & ii tenements zv s. iiii d. 

Edward Franke ii yerdlands & a tenement xiiii s. 

Rychard Castell a tenement & a yerdland vii s. 

Robart Franke a tenement & ii yerdland xv s. 

Allys Dawby a howse & a yerdland xiiii s. 

Mr. Osbaston ii closys ii s. 

Raflfe Hynd' off Hempton a yerdland & a tenement x s. 

Mr. Byllyng iiii yerdlands • for cheffagg* * xv s. 

Thomas Partrygge a howse & a yerdland xiii s. iiii d/ 

Item Master Byllyng for Dodar myllys xx s* 

Castell Fee • vi s. viii 4 

Mr. Newelle for the cort vi s. viii d. 

Summa v Ii. ix s. viii d.^ 

[folio 107^ is blank.] 

693- 
In omnibus curiis obseitiandis.* 

Item, primo vt omnes inducunt [sic] copias & quod nulli per 
copias possint locare altri [sic] uel fkcere subtenentes de terris, foL io8'. 
pratis & pasturis sine licencia abbatis uel domini sub pena foris- 
facture. 

* In a hand of about 1^30. ' This entry has at some time been 

' Above this name is written 'a scratched through, 

haryatt * (-iheriot) xiii s. iiii d. * The V^ilor Ecciesiasticus mentions 

' ' Ont of Sympole' land ' is written a payment of 6s, Sd. dne from Eynsham 

above these words. to the King's Hundred of Bloxham for 

^ Chevage generally means the pay- lands at Milcombe. This entry and the 

roent made by 'nativi * to their lord for next are, of course, deductions or reprises, 

permission to reside outside the manor "* This total can be obtained by 

to which they were bound ; but the omitting the rents from Dotard's mill 

word was also used for any chief rent and the land In Hempton, both of 

{capitalis redditus\ or, as we should which were in Deddington. 

say, quit rent paid to the feudal lord. * This deed is in the same hand as 

Seie voL i, p. 314. the last. 



ISO CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Item, nota quod inquiratnr de hiis qui non occupant terras suas, 
sed dimittunt libere tenentibos & sub qua forma. 

Item, nota quod inquiratur quomodo tenentes reparant ^ domos suas 
& si sint in decasu & ruina. 

Item, nota quod inquiratur si illi qui habent copias excambunt 
\sic\ cum libere tenentibus uel dimittimt terras suas pro alienis 
terris. 

Nota interrogare de illis qui faciunt ex domibus orrea ' pro granis 
ponendis. 

Item, interrogare utrum illi qui tenent per copias alterauerunt 
terras suas & tenementa quas tenent per copias aliter quam copia 
extendit, quando prius habuerunt copias. 

Nota, quod iuratores non cito & absque examinatione & diligent! 
inquisitione & deliberacione temporum faciunt responsiones, sed 
omnibus visis & interrogatis cum diligencia, quod utant responsum', 
iuxta iusiurandum suum. 

694. 

[The abbey appoints proxies for a case concerning 
fol. loS^. Appleton, Berks.] 

1531. Pateat uniuersis per presentes quod nos abbas & conuentus 

monasterii de Egnesham ordinis sancti Benedicti, Lincolniensis 
diocesis, in omnibus causis, negociis, litibus & querelis ^ nos, personas 
nostras, statusque nostros ac monasterium nostnmi, necnon res & 
bona nostra monasteriique nostri predicti quecunque qualitercunque 
concementibus sine tangentibus coram quibuscunque iudicibus ordi- 
nariis, delegatis, subdelegatis aut eorum commissariis quibuscunque 
qualemcunque iurisdiccionem habentibus motis seu mouendis, diebus, 
horis et locis quibus nos adesse" vel abesse contigerit, dilectos in 
Christo magistros Zachariam Dawtre, lohannem Talkarum, Thomam 
Stacy k Henricimi Boffylde notaries publicos coniunctim & eorum 
quemlibet per se diuisim & in solidum, ita quod non sit melior con- 
dicio occupandi* sed quod unus eorum incepit id eorum quilibet 
libere persequi ualeat, mediare pariter, & firmare, nostros veros & 
legitimes nominamus, ordinamus, facimus & constituimus procuratores, 
actores, factores negociormnque nostrorum gestores et nuncios speciales 
per presentes : damusque & concedimus^ eisdem procuratoribus nostris 

» ' repenmt,' MS. * « qncroolit,* MS* 

» « ordea,* MS. • * abesse,' MS. 

* This seems to be what is written : * < occnpanii,' MS. 

the meaning of the clause is inteUigible, ' ' consedimns,* MS. 

though its grammar is not. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 151 

conhinctim & eorum cuiKbet, ut prefatur, per se diuisim 4^ iu solidum, 
potestatem genentlem ft mandatum speciale pro nobis & nominibua 
Qostris ac nomine dicti monasterii nostri coram dictis iudicibus com^ 
parendi, agendi et defendendi, ezcipiendi & replicandi, litem seu lites 
contestandi & contestar[iJ videndi, lib[ell]u[m] seu lib[ell]o8 ac alias 
materias quascunque proponendi et admitti petendi, ponendi, articu- 
landi, po[siti]onibus, et articulis ac interrogatoriis quibuscunque 
reddendi, testes, litteras et instrumenta ac alia quecunque probadonum 
genera producendi et exhibendi, productaque et exhibita ex aduerso 
reprobandi el impugnandi/ iuramentum tam de calumpnia quam de 
veritate dicenda ac quodlibet aliud genus liciti sacramenti in animas 
nostras prestandi,* subeundi* et iurandi, cri[min]aque et defectus 
obiiciendi ac obiectis ex aduerso respondendi, absenciasque nostras 
quoad personales composiciones ^ excusandi, ac caus^m et caqsas 
absencie nostre huiusmodi alligandi, proponendi et probandi, necnon 
beneficium absolocionis a quibuscunque suspencionis, excommuni- 
cadonis, seu interdicti sententiis, a iure uel ab homine lalis seu 
ferendis, status nostri et monasterii nostri reformationem, in integrum 
restitucionem, dampna et expensas ac interesse quelibet petendi, 
recipiendi et obtinendi, in causa causisque et negociis huiusmodi 
concludendi et concludi videndi, sententiasque quascumque tam inter* 
locutorias, quam diffinitiuas ac decreta ' quecunque fern et promulgari 
petendi et audiendi, prouocandi & appellandi, prouocaciones et 
appellaciones huiusmodi notificandi et intimandi, ac eas et earum 
causas cum effectu prosequendi et finiendi, ap[pel]l[aci]o[ne]sque 
petendi et redpiendi, alium vel alios procuratorem seu procuratores 
loco ipsorum et eorum cuiuslibet substituendi ac substituttmi seu 
substitutos huiusmodi reuocandi, et procur[atoris] oflficiiun in ipsos 
et eorum quemlibet reassumendi quociens et quando eis vel eorum 
alicui melius videbitur expedire, et generaliter omnia alia et singula 
faciendi, exercendi et expediendi, que in premissis et circa ea neces- 
saria fuerint seu quomodolib^t oportuna, licet mandatum de se 
magis exigant speciale quam presentibus est expressum, et que in 
premissis nosmet faceremus seu facere possimus si presentes persona- 
liter interessemus promittimus nos ratum, gratum el firmum habituros* 
quantum^ et quicquid per dictos procuratores nostros seu aliquem 
nomine nostro & pro nobis ac nomine dicti monasterii nostri actum, 
gestum seu procuratiun fiierit in premissis seu aliquo premisso; 

» Written « imp^miigwmdi '. • * decerta,' MS. 

• ' prostandi.' MS. • ' habitores/ MS. 

» ' subendi/ MS. ' * talum,' MS. 
« < composicioneini* MS. 



152 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

necnon in iudicio sisti & iudicatum solui sub ipotheca et obligacione 
omnium bonoram nostrorum et monasterii nostri: et in ea parte 
causacionem ' exsponimus per presentes. In cuius rei testimonium 
sigillimi nostrum commune presentibus apposuimus. Datum in domo 
nostra ' capitulari die mensis [sic] anno Domino Mo quingentesimo 
xxzio. Hoc negocium tamen tantum spectat de & in omnibus causis 
concernentibus decimas, terras, pasturas, redditus, fructus, prata, 
fol. 109'. pascua cum omnibus suis pertinenciis de ecclesia | sine in villa & 
campis de Appyltone, que iure debentur monasterio de Egnesham« 

[The rest of 109 & uo are blank.] 



foL ni'. 



695- 



[The Abbot of Esmsham grants permission to William, 
a monk of Eynsham, to accept the post of Prior of 
Tickford to which he has been elected.] 

Mar. 9O9 Omnibus Christi fidelibus [&c.] Milo permissione diuina abbas 
^^* monasterii beate Marie virginis de Egnesham Lincolniensis diocesis, 
ordinis sancti Benedicti, salutem in Domino sempitemam. Nouerit 
uniuersitas uestra ad nostram noticiam nuper peruenisse quendam 
Willelmum Egnesham nostrum conmionachum de veresimili assumi 
seu eligi, per eum seu eos aut [ ] ' quorum interest, ad prioratum de 
Tjckforde eiusdem diocesis : idcirco nos prefatum abbatem, ne tante 
caritati contraire videamur, dictum Willelmum Egnesham a nostra 
obediencia pariter & monasterio penitus absoluisse & dimisisse, 
necnon {quantum ex parte nostra est eidem Willelmo licenciam dedisse 
& concessisse huiuscemodi assumpcioni seu elecdoni de se licite ^te 
consenciendi. In cuius [&c. sealing] ; datum in manerio nostro de 
Stoke, vicesimo die mensis Marcii anno Domini millesimo & quad- 
ringentesimo nonagesimo octauo. 

[uT & 112^ are blank.] 

696. 

Pons Cantebr[igie]. 
fol. na^. ^ ig^Q ViXito continentur omnes hide que debent pontagium 
ad magnum pontem ville Cantebrlgie in Comitatu Cante- 
br[igie]. 

Papp[e] Everard. Ibidem sunt v hide terre, unde quelibet hida 

' Perhaps the scribe meant * candonem.* « ' nostro,* MS. 

• A word has been erased, apparently * illos*. 



CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 153 

continet cxx acras terre: unde lohannes Dengayne, chivaler, & alii 
sunt tenentes. 

Papp[e] Annets. Ibidem sunt vii virgate terre que continent unam 
hidam & tria quarteria unius hide : unde tenentes terre nuper Ricardi 
Franceys sunt tenentes. 

CoNTTONS. Ibidem sunt tres hide & una virgata terre: unde 
Georgius de Ellesworthe & heredes Thome (?)Dauseye sunt 
tenentes. 

Overs. Ibidem est una hida terre : unde Elizabeth Pygace, tenentes 
terre Luce de Ouere, & tenentes terre Roberti Waryn[er] sunt 
tenentes. 

SwANESETE. Ibidem est una hida terre : unde lohannes Hook' & 
alii sunt tenentes. 

BoKESwoRTHE. Ibidem sunt quatuor hide terre & dimidia hida 
terre: unde Henricus de Bokesworthe est tenens. 

Stantone. Ibidem sunt due hide & dimidia: unde lohannes 
Cheyne, Robertus Camp', & tenentes terre nuper lohannis Walwayn 
sunt tenentes. 

LoLLEwoRTHE. Ibidem sunt due hide: unde Willelmus Thorpe 
chivaler est tenens. 

Landebeccre. Ibidem sunt quinque hide : unde lohannes Attelee 
chivaler est tenens. 

HoKTSTONE. Ibidem sunt una hida & dimidia : unde tenentes terre 
Galfridi G[ra]ncete & participes sui sunt tenentes. 

Westwye. Ibidem sunt due hide : unde Robertus Lyfle chivaler 
est tenens. 

Chtlderle. Ibidem simt tres hide : unde Willelmus Childerle est 
tenens. 

Htstone. Ibidem sunt xv hide terre; unde abbas de Egnesham 
est tenens. 

Drattone. Ibidem sunt vi hide : unde lohannes Recche, prior de 
Bemewelle, Willelmus (?)Aluens & alii sunt tenentes. 

Toft. Ibidem sunt una hida & dimidia de feodo Roberti de Beche, 
quas lohannes AuenelF miles tenet. 

Eltesle. Ibidem sunt iii hide : unde Thomas Eltesle est tenens. 

Brun[n]e. Ibidem sunt due hide : unde lohannes Aluene capellanus 
est tenens. 

EuERSDONE. Ibidem sunt v hide & dimidia & una virgata terre : 
unde lohannes de Fynore, Robertus de Rudham, Robertus Rycher, 
lohannes Reuerell & lohannes Rocheford sunt tenentes. 

(?)CuDECOTE. Ibidem est una hida terre: unde tenentes terre 
Theobaldi filii Fulconis & Willehni Crachemay & alii sunt 
enentes. I 



154 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

foL n3'. Bkrtonx. Ibidem sunt vi hide : unde Bartholomeus Boreswoith, 
dux Lancestrie, prior de Bernewelle, & alii sunt tenentes : unde prior 
tenet iii hidas & dimidiam. 

DoKESwoRTHE. Ibidem sunt quatuor hide ft una virgata terre * 
unde Robertus (?) Brustildi chtvaler tenet iiii hides : & prior de Witeles- 
ford* tenet unam virgatam terre de feodo Willelmi Coluyje. 

HisTONK. Ibidem abbatis feodum de Egnesham debet i sectam & 
de auxilio vicecomitis viii s. & sunt ibidem de feodo eiusdem xv hide 
geld[abiles] & tenentur in 80cag[io] de episcopo Lincolniensi & debet 
pontagium. 

[The rest of 113^ is blank.] 



fdl-na^. 697. 

Oct X, [A receipt from John Golafre for arrears of his salary.] 

Nouerint uniuersi per presentes me lohannem Golafre in Comitatu 
Berk'Esquier reoepisse [die] confectionis presencium de lohanne abbate 
monasterii sancte Marie de Egnesham centum solidos legalis monete 
Anglie in plenam solucionem feodi mei & arre[ragiorum] eiusdem 
usque ad diem confectionis presencium. De quibus quidem centum 
solidis ^ pro feodo & arre[ragiis] eiusdem fateor me plenarie solutum, 
dictumque abbatem & eius monasterium inde fore quietum per pre- 
sentes. In cuius [&c. sealing]. Dat* in crastino sancti (?) leronimi 
anno r.r. Henrici' [sexti] post conquestum Anglie uicesimo. 



1441. 



^ ' centum solidis * hms been scratched abbot of Eynsbam was Milo in 1504* iQ 

through, and < solidis' written again. 1528 Henry Reading or Anthony Dun- 

' Henry VI, VU, VIU, all reached stan ; in 1441 John Quenyngton was 

a twentieth year, but the name of the abbot. 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS 
SOURCES 

698. 

[Henry I grants to the men of Esmsham exemption from 
serving in the htmt: from an inspeximus in Pat Rolls, 
I Rich. II, part 2.] 

Henricus rex Anglorum W. uiceccmiti de Oxenefort & omnibus [noo-7.*] 
forestariis suis de Oxenfortscira salutem. Sciatis me clamasse quietos 
abbati de Eglessam homines de Eglessam ne eant ad stabilitatem* 
quamdiu familia mea ibi hospitata fiierit. Teste R« episcopo Lin- 
colniensi & W. de Werelwast apud Hanebergam. 

699. 

[The Empress Matilda confirms to Eynsham exemption 
from hundred courts, &c., as granted by her father: 
from an inspeximus in Pat. Rolls, i Rich. U, part 2.] 

M. imperatrix, regis Henrici filia k Angl[orum] domina nice- [n4i-a.] 
comiti & ministris de Oxenfordesdra salutem. Precipio quod terra 
& homines abbatis de Egenesham sint in pace & quieti de placitis & 
querelis & sciris & hundredis & omnibus rebus excepta [sic] murdro & 
latrocinio, sicut erant tempore regis Henrici patris mei k, sicut carta 
regis Henrici testatur. Teste K de Buh[un] apud Oxenefordiam. 

7CX). 

[Writ of Stephen about the lands of the abbey at Histon; 
from an inspeximus in Pat. Rolls, i Rich. II, part 2.] 

S. rex Anglie, conestabuJ[ario] & uicecomid & ministris eius de [n5a-4.] 
Cantebr'shire salutem. Mando nobis k precipio quod permittatis 

1 William de Wcrdwitt became Jiolis, Vi%2. 

bishop of Exeter in Aug. 1107. Aa* ' The service of aiding at the king's 

other charter of Hen. I issned at Han- hont. 
borough is given in CdUndar of Chartir 



156 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Godefridum abbatem de Egenesham tenere terrain suam & homines 
suos & omnia sua de Histona bene & in pace, libere & quiete de 
placitis & querelis & shiris & hundredis & omnibus rebus, ne super hoc 
infestetis eos in aliquo neque iniuriam uel contumeliam facialis. Teste 
W. de Caisneto apud Oxen[efordiam]. 



701. 

[n6a- [Writ of Henry II to the same effect: from the same 
^ ^^ sotirce.] 

H. rex Anglie & dux Normannie & Aquitanie & comes Andegauie 
uicecomiti & ministris suis de Cantebr'sira salutem. Precipio quod 
abbas & monachi de Egenesham teneant bene & in pace & iuste terram 
suam de Histona sicut melius tenuerunt tempore regis H. aui mei &: 
[cum] eisdem libertatibus & liberis consuetudinibus. £t prohibeo ne 
quis super hoc ab eis aliquid inde exigat quod facere non debeant. 
T. Gaufridoi arch[idiacono] Cant[uariense] apud Wodestoke. 



702- 

[n54- [Confirmation by Henry II to Eynsham of a weekly market 
^^'J and two annual fairs: from the Pat Rolls, i Ric IL 
part a.] 

H. rex Anglie, dux Normannie & Acquitanie, comes Andegauie 
episcopo Lincolniensi & iustic' & baronibus & uicecomiti & ministris 
& omnibus fidelibus suis de Oxenefordscira salutem. Sciatis me con- 
cessisse abbati de Eigenesham & monachis quod habeant mercatum die 
dominica singulis septimanis, & in ebdomada Pentecostes concedo ut 
celebrentur nundine a die Martis ipsius ebdomade usque ad viii diem 
& ad festum Assumpcionis sancte Marie similiter xl[j^] dies ad Eige- 
nesham. Et precipio quod homines illi qui illuc conueniunt ipsi & 
animalia sua vel alia mercimonia in diversis rebus in eundo & 
redeundo in siluis uel in aliis semitis liberum passagium habeant, ibique 
morando habeant meam firmam pacem, ita ut ne quis super hoc in aliquo 
disturbentur [stc] iniuste super xv libras forisfacture. T[estibus], R. de 
Luciy Manasser Biset, Willelmo de Sancto lohanne apud Windeleshore. 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 157 

703. 

Compositio inter eccleslas Einsham & Dunstaple.^ ["58- 

66. T 
Notum sit omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis tarn futuris quam 
presentibus, quod hec compositio facta est inter ecclesiam Egneshamme 
& ecclesiam de Dunestapl' et abbatem Godefridum & priorem 
Gubertum' de ecclesia de Mersetone, scilicet quod utreque ecclesie 
predictam ecclesiam de Mersetone pari iure possidebimt, ita ut cum 
sacerdos eidem ecclesie eligendus fuerit communi ecclesiarum assensu 
et deliberacione qui eisdem ecclesiis melius seruiat, eligatur, et ipse 
sacerdos utrique * ecclesie sacramento obligetur, et constituti seruicii 
et census medietatem ecclesie Egneshamme, & aliam* ipsius pacti 
medietatem ecclesie de Dunestapl' annuatim prefixis terminis persoluet. 
Hec autem composicio apud Lundonias coram Roberto episcopo 
Lincolniensi facta est et fidei* sacramento ab utraque parte 
firmata. 



704- 

[1159- , 
[Henry n confirms^ the grant of his grandfather.] ^3* 

H. rex Anglie & dux Normannie & Aquitannie & comes Andegauie 
episcopis, abbatibus, comitibus, baronibus, iustic', uicecomitibus, 
ministris & omnibus hominibus & fidelibus suis totius Anglie, francis 
& anglis, salutem. Sciatis me concessisse & carta mea presenti con- 
firmasse abbatie de Einegsham quicquid datum est ei rationabiliter, • 
uidelicet uillam de Einegsham cum omnibus pertinentiis eius & 
RoUndricd cum omnibus pertinentiis eius ; et Schiford similiter : et in 
Gloec[estra]sira Micheletunam ciun pertinentiis suis ; et in OxeneforS 
ecclesiam sancte Ebbe cum omnibus pertinentiis eius, & duo molendina 
iuxta Oxineford' & prata, & quicquid Robertus Lincolniensis epi- 
scopus dedit pro commutatione Newerc[e] & Stowie, uidelicet 

^ From Ashmole MS. 1125, foL 4 Hubert, not Cuthbert 

(Bodl. Libr.), a volume containing * < itaqne/ MS. 

trftnsoipts of charters of the chapel of ^ 'alia,' MS. 

St George's, Windsor. • * fidi,' MS. 

' The deed in VoL i, p. 55t proves ' From the original preserved among 

that this is after Aug. 1 158. the mnniments of the Dean and Chapter 

* The name of this Ftioi is given as of Lincohi. Compare voL L p. 36. 
Cnbertns (»Cuthbert) in the Bedford- ' Froger became bishop of Seez in 
shire Victoria County History. In the 1159, ^^ Thomas ceased to be Chan- 
next deed in the Ashmole MS., a deed cellor in May, 11 6a. Eyton (^Itinerary 
about Uiis same church but not con- of Hen. I J, p. 56) suggests the date of 
ceming Eynsham, the Prior is 'H.': April, Ii6a. 
probably therefore Gubertus stands for 



158 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Cerlebiriam, ita solidam & quietam ut episcopus Robertus tenuit, in 
bosco & piano & in omnibus pertinentiis eius ; similiter Stoches cum 
omnibus pertinentiis; similiter Wdecotam cum silua que ad eam 
pertinet: et in Cantebnigesira in Histona xv hidas & tres uirgatas 
terre, & decimam de Thama, in annona, in pecudibus, & lana & 
caseis & unum bordarium cum duabus acris & dedmam de Banneber* 
& de Croperia cum bordariis ; similiter Mildeltone decimam A decimam 
cere altaris de Stowa : et ex dono Nigelli de Oilli unam hidam terre 
quam tenebat de ecclesia de Einegsham & clamauit quietam concessu 
Robert! predicti Lincolniensis episcopi^ & ex dono eiusdem tres hidas 
& dimidiam in Midelcumba : ex dono Ricardi de Graio decimam de 
Dameford' & de Widel* & de Comewell', uidelicet omnium illorum 
que ad easdem uillas pertinent, tam de annona quam de lana & caseis 
& ceteris pecuniis : ex dono Rogeri de Kesneto decimam terre sue de 
Ministr' & de tota lana sua de Oxinefordesira : ex dono Gilleberti 
Basset decimam de Stratona, uidelicet duas partes, & de tota lana sua 
& caseis de tota terra sua : ex dono Radulfi Basset decimam suam de 
una hida de Estlaia & de tota lana sua : ex dono Roberti filii Walque- 
lini totam decimam suam de Wicheham: ex dono Gaufridi de 
Croperia duas partes decime sue : ex dono Ricardi de Newerce duas 
partes decime sue de Claindona : ex dono Willelmi filii Nigelli unam 
domum in Oxeneford* : ex dono Hardinc de Oxeneford' duas domos, 
unam intra burgum & aliam extra : ex dono Gisleberti de Almereio 
unam domum extra burgum, excepta consuetudine regia : ex dono 
Willelmi filii Bemardi decimam suam. Hec autem abbatia tota est 
in manu & potestate Lincolniensis episcopi constituendi abbatem 
canonice consilio & assensu regis. Quare uolo & firmiter pre- 
cipio quod abbatia predicta babeat & teneat hec predicta bene & 
in pace & honorifice & integre & libere & quiete, & episcopus 
Lincolniensis habeat eandem libertatem & dignitatem constituendi 
abbatem in eadem abbatia consilio & assensu regio, sicut carta 
Henrici regis aui mei testatur, quam uidi oculis meis. Testibus, 
Rotr* Ebroicensi*, Amulfo Lexouiensi, Philippo Baiocensi, Hilario 
Cicestrensi, Frog[ero] Sagiensi episcopis, Thoma cancellario, 
Willelmo filio Hamonis, Willelmo de Kesneto, Man[assero] Biset 
dapifero, Ricardo de Humet constabulario, loscelino de Baillol, 
Stephano de Belcampo, Roberto de Donstanuilla, apud Roto- 
magum. 

^ In Riport XII, part is, p. ^55 (Hist MSS. Committion), this name it 
turned into ' Roger, bishop of York . 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 159 

705. 
[The agreement between Eynsham ft the Chapter of [nss- 

Lincohi about Pentecostals.] ^3* 1 

Godefridus del gracia abbas Egneshaxnie totusque conuentus 
univeHBis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, salutem. Nouerit dilectio uestra 
dominum Adelelmum Lincolniensis ecclesie decanum uniuersumque 
capitulum eiusdem ecclesie nobis concessisse & perpettto assignasse 
ecclesie nostre de Egnesham processionem todus archidiaconatus 
Oxenefordie sicut earn ex liberalitate uenerabilis memorie Alexandri 
episcopi 8c domini Roberti eiusdem successoris Lincolniensis ecclesie 
in soUempnitate Pentecosten obtinuisse dinoscimur; hac interposita 
distinctione, quod ecclesia Lincolniensis cuius nomine eam adepti 
sumus duas partes oblationis, argenti scilicet & quicquid oblatum 
fuerit in auro, in pannis sericis, oortinis, & uestimentis paraturis 
omatis, integre annis singulis percipiet Tercia uero pars oblaticmis 
uidelicet argenti cum aliis oblationum beneficiis ad usus nostri 
monasterii reseruabitur. £t ut huius beneficii uel distinctionis 
memoria nulla debeat obliuione deleri, nulla possit etate quolibet 
modo infirmari) prefatus A. decanus totumque capitulum Lincolniensis 
eccle^e donadonem istam A rem gestam carta sua nobis confirmauit 
& sigiUi sui munimine corroborauit. Nosque id ipsum contestamur, 
& ne in irritimi uel in dubium de cetero ualeat reuocari, capituli 
nostri sigillo communimus: tali cautione ascripta, ut abbates huius 
monasterii sibi canonice succedentes super hac re ipsis sacramend 
relligione ob%entur, sicut iamdictus abbas G. se illorum obligauit 
capitulo, saluis in omnibus supra<£ctis utriusque partis oblationum 
beneficiis. Valete.' 

7o6. 

[Grant of a virgate in Mickleton.] 

Soiant [&c.] quod ego Godefridus gratia dei abbas Egneshamie [^5*- 
& totus eiusdem loci conuentus dedimus & concessimus Waltero 
famulo nostro de Muclintune & heredibus suis unam uirgatam terre 
in eadem uilla de Muclintone, tenendam de nobis, reddendo singulis 
annis quinque solidos ad duos terminos, uidelicet triginta denarios in 
festo sancti Kenelmi, & triginta in Piuificatione sancte Marie. Hiis 
testibus, Henrico Trenchenote, Willelmo Franceis, Roberto Coco, 
Willelmo filio T[ur]ri, Roberto Toldin & multis aliis' 

« See Vol. i, p. 38. ii. 69. 

* The seal is wantiiig. This deed is • From Heame^s Ectypa Varia, f. 44, 

ptaenred ainoog the liitmimetits of the where it is reproduced in fiicsimile. 
Dean and Chaptet of Lincoln, Press D. 



i6o CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 



707. 

[iao3-6.1 [An order of Bishop William concerning the pa3rment 

of Penteco8tal8^] 

Willelmus dei gracia Lincolniensis episcopus omnibus archidiaconis 
& ofiScialibus per diocesim Lincolniensis ecclesie consdtutis, salutem 
& dei benedicdonem. Cum cura & solidtudo Lincolniensis ecclesie, 
quam deo auctore regendam suscepimus, nos admodmn inuitent ea 
que hactenus minus bene fuerint ordinata in meliorem statum redigere, 
canonicorum ibidem deo iugiter famulandum comodo in posterum 
pro futuro inuigilare tenemur. Mouemur siquidem, nee illud clausis 
oculis de cetero preterire possumus, quod etiam nos ' mouere deberet, 
& non monemini' ad quos specialius pertinet cura & solidtudo Lin- 
cobuensis ecclesie, quod cum tantam habeat filiorum multitudinem, 
ipsi eam contempnunt, ut saltem eam semel in anno secundum 
consuetudinem ecclesie nostre, que in aliis ecclesiis Celebris habetur, 
eam in propria persona uel de suis facultatibus condignas obladones 
mittendo negligant uisitare. Quod quidem ex negligencia clericorum 
pocius quam laicorum simplicitate nouimus acddisse. Quocirca 
uniuersitati uestre auctoritate qua fungimur predpimus, quatinus 
decanis, personis, presbiteris per nostram diocesim constitutis in 
uirtute obedience iniimgatis, ut in singulis parochiis singuli capellani 
fideles sibi commissos ad hoc sufficientes auctoritate nostra inducant 
quod de singulis domibus aliqui in festo Pentecosten ad locum 
consuetum & processionibus destinatum singulis annis satagant 
conuenire, oblaciones condignas in remissionem peccatorum suorum 
& in signum obediende & recordacionis matris sue Lincolniensis 
ecclesie offerentes. lubeatis etiam ut singuli decani personis, pres- 
biteris sibi commissis auctoritate nostra predpiant, quatinus uniuersi 
attenta solidtudine prouideant ut nominibus parochianorum suorum 
seorsum notatis, decanis suis cum derids nostris in Pentecost' ad hoc 
desiinandis sdant per nominum annotadones fideliter respondere, qui 
secundum mandatum nostrum ut filii obedientes uel uenerint ud 
miserint & qui mandatum nostrum transgredientes uenire uel mittere 
neglexerint 

^ This deed is copied from the but in the R^trum the letters -n- and 

Registrum Antiquissimum at Lincoln -n- are distin^nished. The Liber Niger 

Cathedral, fol. 184. For the subject (reproduced In Lincoln Cath, StaiuUs) 

see VoL i. 427. attributes a similar order to St. Hugh, 

' In Lincoln Cath, Statutes (ed. predecessor of Bishop William ; but the 

Bradshaw and Wordsworth), i. 307, Registrum, a better authority, assigns it 

the reading is 'uos' and 'mouemini*, to Hugh Wells, his successor. 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES i6i 

708. 

[Roger son of Robert quitclaims twenty acres in Eynsham 
to tlie abbey.] 

Hec est finalis concordia facta in curia domiDi regis apud West- June, 
monasterium in octabis sancte Trinitatis anno regni regis lohannis i^oo* 
secundo coram G. filio Petri, Ricardo de Her*, Simone de Pateshille, 
Osberto filio Heniei, lohanne de Gestling', Eustachio de Faucunberg 
iustic' & aliis baronibns domini regis tunc ibi presentibus, inter 
Rogerum filium Roberti petentem per Walterum filium Roberti 
positmn loco suo ad lucrandum uel perdendum & Robertum abbatem 
de Einesham tenentem per Thomam clericum positum loco predicii 
abbatis ad lucrandum uel perdendum de xx acris terre cum pertinenciis 
in Egnesham ; unde recognicio de morte antecessoris summonita fuit 
inter eos in prefata curia, scilicet quod predictus Rogerus remisit & 
quietmn clamauit predicto abbati & successoribus suis totum ius & 
clamium quod habuit in predicta terra de se & heredibus suis in 
perpetuum ; & pro hac quieta clamancia & fine & concordia predictus 
abbas concessit predicto Rogero unam uirgatam terre in Tilgaresle 
cmn pertinenciis, quam lohannes Hardlac tenuit, tenendam de se & 
successoribus suis in tota uita ipsius Rogeri per liberum seruicium v 
solidorum per annum pro omni seruicio, saluo forinseco seruicio, 
scilicet ad festum sancti Michaelis xv d. & ad Natale Domini xv d., 
& ad Annunciacionem sancte Marie xv d., & ad festum sancti lohannis 
XV d.; et post decessum ipsius Rogeri predicta uirgata terre cum 
pertinenciis redibit predicto abbati & successoribus suis quieta de 
predicto Rogero & heredibus suis.* 

709. 

[Eynsham grants to William le Bnin and Ysabella his 
wife half a hide in Brizenorton in exchange for half a 
canicate in Woodeaton.] 

Hec est finalis concordia &cta in curia domini regis apud Sanctam Oct. 
Brigidam, Lond', a die sancti Michaelis in xv dies, anno regni regis ^^5* 
lohannis septimo* coram G. filio Petri, Eustacio de Faucunberg', 
lohanne de Gestling, Osberto filio Heruei, Waltero de Cresping*, 
iustic', & aliis baronibus domini regis tunc ibi presentibus, inter 

^ Oxon. Fines, file a, no. a a (Record this date, no doabt from the names of 
Ofiice) . the judges and the sitaadon of the court 

' This word is illegible, but the mentioned in the fine, 
authorities at the Record Ofiice assign 

n. M 



i62 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Willelmum le Brun & Ysabellam uxorem suam petentes per ipsum 
Willelmum positum loco suo ad lucrandum uel perdendum, & 
Robertinn abbatem de Einesham tenentem per Willelmum de la 
More monacum suum posimm loco suo ad lucrandum uel perden- 
dum de dimidia carucata terre cum pertinenciis in Wudeetona; 
unde recognicio de morte antecessoris summonita fuit inter eos 
in prefata curia, scilicet quod predictus Willelmus & Ysabella re- 
miserunt & quietum clamauenmt de se & heredibus eorum predicto 
abbati & successoribus suis in perpetuum totum ius & clamium quod 
habuerunt in predicta terra cum pertinenciis; et pro hac quieta 
clamancia, fine & concordia [idem abbas dedit] et concessit predictis 
Willelmo et Ysabelle dimidiam hidam terre cum pertinenciis in Nor- 
tone, quam Radulfus le Frere & [ ] tenuerunt : habendam &, 

tenendam ipsis Willelmo & Ysabelle & heredibus ipsius Ysabelle de 
ipso abbate & successoribus suis in perpetuum p^r Uberum seruicium 
unius denarati thuris reddendi ad Pentecosten pro omni seruicio, 
saluo forinseco seruicio. £t preterea predictus abbas dedit predictis 
Willelmo et Ysabelle quatuor marcas argenti.* 

710. 

[King John restores to the Bishop of Lincohi the abbey of 

Ejmsham.] 

July 14, I. dei gracia rex Anglie, dominus Hibernie, dux Normannie & 
I9I3. Aquitannie, Comes Andegauie, priori & conuentui de Einesham 
salutem. Sciatis quod reddidimus uenerabili patri nostro domino H. 
Lincohiiensi episcopo abbatiam suam de Einesham cum pertinenciis 
suis. Et ideo nobis mandamus quod ei de cetero sitis intendentes. 
Et in huius rei testimonium has litteras nostras patentes uobis inde 
mittimus. Teste me ipso apud Portesm[outh],* xiiii die lulii anno 
regni nostri xv.' 

7". 

[King John restores to the Bishop of Lincoln the abbey of 

Eynsham.] 

Julyzy, L dei gracia rex Anglie, dominus Hibernie, dux Normannie & 
1913. 

^ Oxon. Fines, file a, no. 73. on the Patent Rolls is at times only 

' According to the Itinerary of John, approximate. If they are correct, the 

prefixed to the printed edition of his kmg mnst sometimes ha^e jonmeyed 

latent Rolls, he was at Corfe Castle on over fifty miles a day. 

this day, and also next day. This, of * Yiomt\itRigistrumAneiquissimum 

coarse, is a deduction from the dates among the mnniments at Lincoln Cathe- 

given in his Patent Rolls, but it may be dral, toL 29, no. i6a. 
suspected that the dating of the entries 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 163 

Aquitannie, Comes Andegauie, militibus, libere tenentibus & omnibus 
hominibus abbatie de Einesham salutem. Sciatis quod reddidimus 
uenerabili patri nostro domino H. Lincolniensi episcopo abbatiam 
suam de Einesham cum omnibus pertinenciis, libertatibus & liberis 
consuetudinibus suis. Et ideo nobis mandamus quatinus ei de cetero 
inde sitis intendentes & respondentes. Teste me ipso apud Poreces- 
tr[iam] xvii die luKi anno rcgni nostri xv.* 



712. 

Carta abbatis de Egnesham pro suspendio clericortun 
apud Oxoniam. 

Omnibus [&c.], A[dam] die gracia abbas Egneshamie & eiusdem [c 12x5.] 
loci conuentus salutem in domino. Nouerit uniuersitas uestra quod 
cum Burgenses Oxonie pro suspendio clericorum mandatis ecclesie 
per omnia stare iurassent, secundum statutum uenerabilis patris 
domini Nicholai Tusculani episcopi, apostolice sedis legati, & eis 
ab eodem inter cetera fuisset iniunctum quod quinquaginta solidos 
& duos solidos annuatim in perpetuum in usus pauperum scolarium 
dispensandos de consilio uenerabilis patris Hugonis tunc episcopi 
Lincolniensis & successorum suorum/uel archidiaconi loci, seu eius 
officialise aut cancellarii quern episcopus Lincolniensis scolaribus 
ibidem preficiet ; ita scilicet quod uiginti sex solidi soluentur an- 
nuatim in festo Omnium Sanctorum, & uiginti sex solidi in capite 
ieiun[ii] ; preter hec etiam quod centum pauperes scolares die sancti 
Nicholai singulis annis pascent in perpetuum, quos episcopus Lin- 
cohiiensis, uel archidiaconus loci, seu eius officialis, aut ipse can- 
cellarius, aut alius ad hoc ab ipso Lincolniensi deputatus, prouiderit ; 
istud onus in nos integre suscepimus singulis annis perpetuo faciendum 
secundum formam premissam ; ita tamen quod ad centum pauperes 
clericos die sancti Nicholai pascendos eodem die sexdecim solidos 
ft octo denarios dabimus annuatim inter ipsos qui inde pascendi 
fuerint distribuendos, ut singuli singulos duos denarios accipiant per 
manus eorum quos episcopus Lincolniensis ad hoc assignauerit. Ad 
hoc autem nos episcopo & ecclesie Lincolniensi per cartam nostram 
presentem obligauimus in perpetuum, et presenti scripto sigilla nostra 
apposuimus ; teste capitulo.' 

^ From the Rigistrum Aniiquissi- * lb., fol. 41, no. 227. This docn- 

mum among the mmiiments at Lincoln ment is also printed in Munimenta 
Cathedral, fol. 29, no. 161. Acadtmica i. 4 (Rolls Smes). 

V 3 



i64 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

713. 

[Permission is granted to the abbey to appropriate 

Whitfield church.] 

Nov. 25, Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos presens scriptum peruenerit 
1222. Hugo dei gratia L[incolniensis episcopus eternam in domino salutem. 
Nouerit uniuersitas] uestra nos de assensu Rogeri decani & capituli 
nostri Lincolniensis dedisse & concess[isse dilectis in Chrislo filiis 
abbati & conuentui Eg]neshamie ecclesiam de Whitefeld cum per- 
linentiis in proprios usus habendam & [in perpetuum possidendam, 
salua perpetua uicaria in] eadem e[cclesia] iuxta constitutionem 
concilii prouincialid apud Oxoniam [sub uenerabili patre domino 
Stephano Canluariensi archiepiscopo] tocius [Anglie primate] et 
sancti Romane ecclesie Cardinale celebrati, per nos [ordinanda. 
Uicarius autem dicte ecclesie sinodalia soluet et] dicti monachi 
hospitium archidiaconi procurabunt, saluis [in omnibus episcopalibus 
consuetudinibus et Lincolniensis] ecclesie dignitate. Quod ut per- 
petuam optineat firmitatem [presenti scripto sigillum nostrum una 
cum sigillo] capituli nostri Lincolniensis duximus apponendum. Hiis 
testibus, Ro[gero decano, Galfrido precentore, Ricardo cancellario, 
lohanne subdecano], Roberto Huntingdonie et Hugone Stowe archi- 
diaconis, [magistris Willelmo filio Fulconis, Gileberto de Scardeburg' 
et Ricardo de] Lindwode, Rogero de BristoU', Roberto de W[assinge- 
burge et Stephano de Cicestria, Petro de Hungeria, Willelmo de 
Aualone], magistris Willelmo de Cantia & Amaurico de Buggedene, 
[Petro de Bathonia et Petro de Cheuremunt, canonicis Lincol- 
niensibus]. Data per manum Oliueri de Chedneto clerici in capitulo 
[Lincolniensi apud Lincolniam, septimo kalendas Decembris ponti- 
ficatus nostri anno terciodecimo].^ 

714. 

Compositio inter abbatem ft conuentum Egnesham ft abba- 

tissam & moniales de Fontisebrald' de capella in parochia 

de Tettebir\ 

[1213- Notum sit [&c.] quod cum inter A. dei gratia abbatem & conuentum 

1228.] de Egnesham ex una parte & abbatissam & moniales Fontisebrald 

ex alia coram iudicibus a sede apostolica delegatis super quodam 

^ The original preserved in the muni- dnm tradita est, sed est in sciiniis domini 

ment room at Lincoln Cathedral (D. II. episcopi * explains why the deed is at 

61) is a fragment, but can be restored Lincoln. This grant came to nothing, 

from the Rolls of Bishop Hugh, vol. ii, but the church was appropriated Si 

p. 199 (Canterbury and York Society). 1240 by the permission of Bishop 

A marginal note in the roll < Hec non- Grotseteste (see voL i, p. 176). 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 165 

oratorio in curia predictanim abbatisse & monialium apud Ailmun- 
destr* habendo in parochia de Tettebir' questio uerteretur, tandem 
dicta questio hoc fine quieuit ; uidelicet quod predicti abbas & 
conuentus de Egnesham predictis abbatisse & monialibus infra septa 
curie domorum suarum quas habent apud Ailmundestr* oratorium, 
quantum in eis est, concesserimt habendum, ita uidelicet quod liberum 
sit capellanis ordinis sui & uiris religiosis & hospitibus transeuntibus 
ibidem diuina officia celebrare, et etiam clericis de domo sua beneficia- 
tis. Concesserunt etiam quod si aliquis clericus uel laicus propter 
guerranl uel aliam similem necessitatem apud predictum locum 
perhendinare elegerit, possit ibidem diuinis interesse, & si capellanus 
fuerit, possit durante necessitate diuina celebrare. Et si forte capel- 
lani sui egritudine impediantur uel ex causa necessaria abfuerint, liceat 
eis per uiros religiosos uel per capellanos ecclesie de Tettebir' uel 
per beneficialos suos, ut predictum est, diuina oflBcia celebrare; et 
fratres & moniales, conuersos & conuersas eiusdem ordinis, illos 
scilicet qui in sanitate sua uel in egritudine compotes sui publice 
habitum religionis susceperunt, & uiros religiosos & hospites trans- 
euntes, necnon & clericos suos ad diuina & ecclesiastica sacramenta 
suscipere: ita tamen quod si clerici illi fuerint de parochia de 
Tettebir' non admiitantur ad confessionem apud oratorium. Ho- 
spitibus uero & seruientibus suis & alii familie sue licebit cum 
uoluennt in eodem oratorio diuinis interesse; ita tamen quod 
seruientes singulis annis confessionem faciant sacerdoti suo parochiali 
& ad ipsimi in Pascha ueniant communionem Eukaristie percepturi. 
Et ut ecclesia parochialis de Tettebir' conseruetur indempnis, promi- 
serunt predicte abbatissa & moniales quod ntdlam de parochianis de 
Tettebir' recipient oblationem. Et si forte ibidem a parochianis de 
Tettebir' uel a seruientibus apud Ailmundestr* morantibus alique 
recepte fuerint, omnes in custodia fratrum ibi morantium uel custodis 
eiusdem manerii seruentur donee rector ecclesie de Tettebir' uel 
capellanus suus certum nuntium miserit propter predictas oblationes, 
& tunc sine difficultate cum omni integritate fideliter reddentur ei. 
Oratorium ipsum & oblationes, si que ibi fiant ab aliis quam a 
parochianis de Tettebir', & alia omnia ad predictam cantariam 
pertinentia in dispositione fratrimi, qui apud locum predictimi pro 
tempore fuerint, sine custodis libera permaneant & ab omni perturba- 
tione & exactione quieta. Et ut super hiis oblationibus aliunde quam 
de parochia de Tettebir' uenientibus parochialis ecclesia de Tettebir' 
seruelur indempnis, predicta abbatissa & moniales assignabimt 
memorate ecclesie de Tettebir' annuum redditum sex denariorum in 
certo loco, tunc demum percipiendum, cum ibi habebunt oratorium 



i66 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

cum cantaria. Concesserant aatem eis ut ibi habeant duo tintinna- 
bula, si uoluerint, ad conuocandos fratres ad diuinonim celebrationem. 
Si uero tractu temporis predicta abbatissa &, moniales Fontisebrald' 
occasione priuilegiorum suorum ibi cimiterium cum sepultura habere 
uoluerint, id quantum in eis est predicti abbas & conuentus de 
Egnesham concesserant, dum tamen indempnitati ecclesie de Tettebir' 
fuerit prouisum, secundum determinationem comprehensam in com- 
positione inter capitulum Lincolnie & predictas abbatissam & moniales 
habita, uel alio modo indempnitati dicte ecclesie fuerit prouisum per 
uiros pradentes & discretos ad hoc ex utraque parte electos. Promisit 
autem utraque pars se predictam compositionem fideliter obseruaturam, 
& quod neutra contra formam compositionis predicte aliquid impetra- 
bit, & si fuerit impetratum uiribus carebit. In huius rei testimonium & 
robur frater Willelmus, generalis procurator abbatisse & monialium in 
causis & controuersiis inter ipsos \stc] & alios motis in archiepiscopatu 
Cantuariensi tam ad transigendum & amicabiliter componendum quam 
ad agendum datus, huic scripture sigillum suum apposnit, et litteras rate 
ha iti nis sigillo abbatisse & conuentus signatas eis reddidit patentes.^ 

715- 

[A concord between E3m8ham and Cristiana Sewy about 
a house in Oxford.] 

Jan. Hec est finalis concordia facta in curia domini regis apud West- 
1334. monasterium in octabis sancti Hillarii anno regni regis Henrici filii regis 
lohannis octauo, coram Martino de Pateshille, Stephano de Segraue, 
Thoma de Haiden, Roberto de Lexintone, Gaufrido le Sauuage iusdc' 
et aliis domini regis fidelibus tunc ibi presentibus, inter Cristianam que 
fuit uxor lohannis Sewy petentem & Adam abbatem de Eftiesham 
tcnentem de uno mesuagio cum pertinenciis in Oxonia, quod ipsa 
Cristiana clamabat esse rationabilem dotem suam de libero tenemento 
quod fuit predicti lohannis quondam uiri sui in eadem uilla : et unde 
placitum fuit inter eos in prefata curia, scilicet quod predicta Cristiana 
remisit & quietum clamauit de se ipsi abbati & successoribus suis 
totum ius & clamium quod habuit in predicto mesuagio cum pertinenciis 
nomine dotis. Et pro hac remissione, & quieta clamancia, fine & 
concordia idem abbas dedit ipsi Cristiane nouem marcas ai^genti.' 

^ Harldan Charter, 44. D. 43. this house that John Sewy had granted 

* From Oxon. Fines, file 3, no. 76. to £ynsham had been previonslj as- 

We learn from Bracton's Note Book signed to Cristiana as dowry. This 

(vol. iii, p. 472) that this case came tenement was probably in Cat Street on 

before the king's court in Jan. is 23: the west side, where Eynsham had a 

and that it was decided that a jury hovLit in 12'jg (J/undreaRviis^ ii.So^), 

i^onld be summoned to testify whether In the Cartulcay of St. Fridesmidt^ 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 167 

716. 

[A concord between E3mshani Ac Sarah, widow of Stephen 
de Fretwelly about two corrodies.] 

Hec est finalis concordia facta in curia domini regis apud West- Jnne, 

monasterium in octabis sancti lohannis Baptiste, anno regni regis '^3^* 

Henrici filii regis lohannis quintodecimo, coram Thoma de Muletone, 

Willelmo de Ral', Willelmo de Eboraco & Radulfo de Norwica iustic* 

& aliis domini regis fidelibus tunc ibi presentibus, inter Sarram que fuit 

uxor Stephani de Frettwelle querentem & Nicholaum abbatem de 

Egnesham deforciantem de duobus conrediis monachorum; unde 

eadem Sarra questa fuit quod predictus abbas ei deforciabat predicta 

conredia contra finem factum in curia domini regis coram iusticiariis 

suis itinerantibus apud Rading*, inter Stephanum de Fretewelle 

quondam uirum ipsius Sarre & Adam quondam abbatem de Egnesham 

predecessorem ipsius abbatis: et unde placitum fuit inter eos in 

pre&ta curia, scilicet quod predicta Sarra remisit & quietum clamauit 

de se ipsi abbati & successoribus suis & ecclesie sue de Egnesham 

totum ius & clamium quod habuit in predictis duobus conrediis 

monachorum in perpetuum: et preterea predicta Sarra remisit & 

quietum daimauit de se ipsi abbati Sc successoribus suis & ecclesie 

sue de Egnesham totum ius & clamium quod habuit in terda 

parte unius acre terre in Egnesham, in qua ius clamabat per 

predictum iinem. Et pro hac remissions quieta clamancia, fine & 

concordia, idem abbas dedit predicte Sarre quadraginta solidos 

sterlingorum : et preterea idem abbas dedit & concessit predicte Sarre 

duo conredia monachorum percipienda eidem Sarre a die Translationis 

sancti Thome martiris, anno regni regis Henrici eiusdem quintodecimo, 

usque in unum annum proximo sequentem completum, scilicet duos 

panes monachi per diem & duos galones ceruisie monachales[x2i:], & 

duo genera potagii, scilicet quatuor discos, & unum ferculum, scilicet 

duos discos, in diebus communibus : in principalibus uero festis duo 

fercula, scilicet quatuor discos de coquina monachorum; et post 

predictum annum completum, idem abbas & successores sui & 

ecclesia sua de Egnesham quieti erunt a solucione predictorum 

duorum conrediorum inperpetuum, Et sciendum quod finis prius 

factus inter predictum Stephanum quondam uirum ipsius Sarre & 

predictum Adam quondam, abbatem de Egnesham per hunc finem 

adnichilatur.' 

vol. i, p. 311, we see that a tenement * Oxon. Fines, file 4, no. 63. The 

in Cat Stieet at one time held by Roger last sentence is also written on the back 

Sewy belong^ subsequently to £yn- of the fine, 
sham. 



168 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 



717. 

[Henry ni grants a lawn in Bloxham wood, adjacent to 
the chapel of St. John.] 

June 18, R. &c. salutem. Sciatis nos intuitu del & pro salute aniroe nostre 
1335' & animarum antecessonim & heredum nostrorum dedisse [&c.] pro 
nobis & heredibus nostris abbati & monachis de Egnesham unam 
landam in bosco nostro de Blokesham, continentem duas acras 
& dimidiam, que iacet iuxta capellam sancti lohannis Baptiste, quam 
idem abbas & monachi habent de dono predecessorum nostrorum 
regum Anglie, quam landam Ricardus Pincerna tenuit de balliuo nostro : 
habendam & tenendam [&c.] in liberam, puram & perpetuam elemo- 
sinam. Quare uolo &c., quod predict! abbas & monachi [&c.] habeant 
& teneant predictam landam [&c.] cum onmibus liberis consuetudinibus 
ad predictam landam pertinentibus, sicut predictum est. Hiis testibus, 
venerabile patre W. Karleolensi episcopo [&c.]. Data per manum 
venerabilis patris R., Cycestrensis episcopi, cancellarii nostri apud 
Windesore ; xviii die luniL* 



718. 

[Lucia de Ardeme quitclaims the advowson of Souldem.] 

Jan. Hec est finalis concordia facta in curia domini regis apud Wyntoniam 
1336. j,^ octabis sancti Hillarii anno regni regis Henrici filii regis lohannis 
uicesimo coram Willelmo de Eboraco, Willelmo de Insula, Radulfo de 
Norwica & Hugone de Pleyz iusticiariis itinerantibus & aliis domini 
regis fidelibus tunc ibi presentibus inter Luciam de Ardeme petentem 
& Nicholaum abbatem de Egnesham tenentem per fratrem Ricardum 
de Wodestoke, monachum suum, positum loco suo ad lucrandum uel 
perdendum, de aduocacione ecclesie de Shulthorne cum pertinenciis ; 
unde placitum fuit inter eos in eadem curia, scilicet quod predicta 
Lucia remisit & quietum clamauit de se & heredibus suis eidem abbati 
& successoribus suis & ecclesie sue de Egnesham totum ius & clamium 
quod habuit in tota predicta aduocacione cum pertinenciis in per- 
petuum. Et pro hac remissione, quieta clamancia, fine & concordia 
idem abbas dedit predicte Lucie duodecim marcas argenti.* 

^ From the Charter Roll of 19 Hen. is a piece of grass gronnd in a wood» 
III, mem. 6. Sec also Calendar of * Ozon. Fines, file 4, no. laS. 
Charter Rolh, vol. i, p. ao6. I^nda 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 169 

719. 

[Roger de Verdun and Agnes his wife quitclaim the 
advowson of South Newington.] 

Hec est finalis concordia facta in curia domini regis apud Oxoniam Sept. lo, 
die Ueneris proxima post Natiuitatem sancte Marie anno regni regis '^^S* 
Henrici filii regis lohannis ulcesimo secundo coram Petro filio Ogeri, 
Bardulfo de Cestretone, lobanne le Brun, Willelmo Wace iusticiariis 
ad hoc assignatis & aliis iidelibus domini regis tunc ibi presentibus, 
inter Rogerum de Uerdun & Agnetem uxorem eius conquerentes & 
Nicholaum abbatem de Egnesham per Reginaldum Clement, posilum 
loco eius ad lucrandum uel perdendum, deforciantem de aduocacione 
ecclesie de Newentona, unde assisa ultime presentacionis fuit summonita 
inter eos in prefata curia scilicet quod predictus Rogerus de Uerdun & 
Agnes uxor eius recognouerunt aduocaclonem ecclesie predicte de 
Newentona esse ius ipsius abbatis & ecclesie sancte Marie de Egne- 
shamia & earn renuserunt & quietam clamauerunt de eis & heredibus 
predicte Agnetis predicto abbati & successoribus suis inperpetuimi. 
Et ideo idem abbas recepit predictum Rogerum de Uerdun & Agnetem 
uxorem eius & antecessores & successores suos in beneficiis domus 
sancte Marie de Egnesham in perpetuum.* 



720. 

[The abbot of E3m8hani quitclaims to Stephen Bodin 
a mesuage in the suburb of Oxford.] 

Hec est finalis concordia facta in curia domini regis apud Oxoniam J&n* 



a die sancti Hyllarii in tres septimanas anno regni regis Henrici filii 
regis lohannis quadragesimo quinto coram Gilberto de Prestone, 
Martino de Lydebyri & Galfrido de Leuekenore iusticiariis itinerantibus 
& aliis domini regis fidelibus tunc ibi presentibus, inter Stephanum 
Bodyn petentem & Gilbertum abbatem de Egnesham tenentem de uno 
mesuagio cum perdnenciis in suburbio Oxonie; unde placitum fuit 
inter eos in eadem curia, scilicet quod predictus abbas recognouit 
predictum mesuagium cum pertinenciis esse ius ipsius Stephani & 
illud ei reddidit in eadem curia; habendum & tenendum eidem 
Stephano & heredibus suis de predicto abbate & successoribus suis 
& ecclesia sua sancte Marie de Egnesham in perpetuum ; reddendo 

* Oxon. Fines, file 5, no. i. 



xa6i. 



I70 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

inde per annum tres solidos ad festum sancti Michaelis pro omni 
seruicio, consuetudine & exacdone. £t pro hac recognicione, reddi- 
tione, fine ft concordia, idem Stephanus dedit predicto abbati unum 
speruarium sonim.^ 

721, 

[Radulfas de Rocheforde and Alice his wife sell to the 
Abbey ten lands in Eynsham.] 

Jan. Hec est finalis concordia facta in curia domini regis apud Oxoniam 
^^^^ a die sancti Hyllarii in quindecim dies anno [ftc, as in the previous 
deed], inter Gilbertum abbatem de Egnesham querentem per Walterum 
filium Bartholomei, positum loco suo ad lucrandum ud perdendum, 
& Radulfum de Rocheforde & Alidam uxorem eius impedientes de 
decern sellionibus terre cum pertinendis in Egnesham ; unde placitimi 
warantie carte summonitum fuit inter eos in eadem curia, sdlicet quod 
predicti Radulfus & Alicia recognouerunt predictam terram cum perti- 
nenciis suis esse ius ipsius abbatis & ecclesie sue sancte Marie de 
Egnesham, ut iUam quam idem abbas & ecclesia sua predicta habent 
de dono predictorum Radulfi ft Alicie, ft illam remiserunt ft quietam 
clamauerunt de se ft heredibus ipsius Alicie predicto abbati ft succes- 
soribus suis ft ecclesie sue predicte inperpetuum. Et pro hac recogni- 
cione, remissione, quieta clamadone, fine ft concordia, idem abbas 
dedit predictis Radulfo ft Alicie quatuor marcas ft dimidiam argenti.^ 



722. 

[E3m8ham accepts the decision of the Bishop of Lincoln 
about the church of Brizenorton and the tithes of Thame.] 

Oct. 93, Uniuersis [ftc] abbas ft conuentus de Egnesham Lincolniensis 
ia66. diocesis salutem in domino sempiternam. Ad uniuersitatis uestre 
noticiam uolumus peruenire quod cum nos de unanimi uoluntate 
ft consensu submisimus nos ordinacioni uenerabilis patris domini 
Ricardi dei gracia Lincolniensis episcopi quantum ad ecclesiam de 
Northone Bnm et dedmas quas in parochia prebendal[is] ecclesie 
de Thame aliquando percepimus, et idem dominus episcopus super 
predictis ordinauerit sicut in ipsis Uteris super hoc confectis plenius 
continetur ; nos ipsius ordinacionem per omnia ft in onmibus acce- 
. ptantes, iuri quod in dictis dedmis habuimus uel aliquo tempore habere 

* Oxon. Finci, file 8, no. 27. » Oxon. Fines, file 8, no. 37. 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 171 

potuimus, tenore presendum renunclamus expresse, uolentes & con- 
cedentes quod ipsius prebendalis ecclesie rectores qui pro tempore 
fuerint integre secundum ordinacionem predictam de premissis in 
perpetuum percipiant sine impedimento uel contradiccione nostra 
decimas antedictas. In cuius [&c. sealing], teste deo & capitulo 
nostro; actum in capitulo nostro, z kal. Nouembris, anno domini 
MCCLX sexto.* 

723. 

Ordinatio Ade abbatis de xxs. & duobus quarteriis Crumenti 
die anniuersarU eius. 

Omnibus [&c.] frater Adam permissione diuina abbas Egneshamye Nov. 17, 
salutem in domino sempitemam. Cum apud Wyk Rysindon' terras & '3i6. 
tenementa, que aliquando fuerunt lohannis Le Long de eadem, non 
sine magnis sumptibus & laboribus de licencia domini regis adquisiui- 
mus; uolentes de eisdem terris de consensu tocius conuentus nostri 
die anniuersarii nostri singulis annis uiginti solidos ad refecdonem con- 
uentus ordinari, uolumus & assignamus quod per manus prions, qui pro 
tempore fuerit, predicti uiginti solidi recipientur [sic] & ad refeccionem 
supradictam per manus eiusdem uiiliter ordinentur. Necnon uolumus 
& assignamus duo quarteria frumenti de dicta terra de Wyke Rysindone 
percipienda dicta die anniuersarii per ordinadonem prions, prout supra- 
dictum est, pauperibus fore distribuenda. Et ad istam solucionem 
predictam infra abbathiam nostram ad duos anni terminos, uidelicet 
ad Pascha decem solidos & ad festum sancti Micbaelis decem solidos 
una cum duobus quarteriis frumenti predictis ad idem festum sancti 
Michaelis sine ulteriori dilacione fideUter fadendam & persoluendam, 
cellerarium abbathie predicte qui pro tempore fuerit imperpetuum 
oneramus. In cuius [&c. sealing]. Dat' in capitulo nostro apud 
Egnesham xv kal. Decembris, ani>o Domini mccc sexto dedmo.' 

724. 

[E3m8ham grants to the canons of Lincoln an annual 
pension of ten shillings from the church of Merton.] 

Sciant [&a] quod nos abbas & conuentus monasterii de Egnesham Aug. 16, 
. . . dedimus [&c.] uenerabilibus viris decano & capitulo ecclesie '357- 

^ LiocolnCathedial muniment; from the anntud acconnts of the abbey, as 

press D. IL This deed enables ns to far as they have been preserved, and 

date charter no. 356 (vol. i, p. 245). the Volar Ecclesiasticus of 1535 (vol. 

* HarL Charter 44 D. 44. It is ii, p. 209) make no mention of an 

doubtfiil whether the arrangements men- annual dole to the poor of Wick Ris- 

tioned in ttus deed were carried out ; sington. 



172 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Lincolniensis ad usum canonicorum ibidem residencium decern solidos 
sterlingorum annue pensionis percipiendos & habendos de ecclesia 
nostra de Meritone Lincolniensis diocesis nobis appropiata, annuatim 
soluendos in festo sancti Michaelis [&c.]. Datum in domo nostra 
capitulari monasterii nostri predicti decimo sepiimo kalendas Septem- 
bris anno Domini hccclvii.^ 



725. 

A. regine de una hida in Stantona. 

[ii35"7'] A., dei gracia regina, omnibus fidelibus sancte ecclesie tam Francis 
quam Anglis salutem. Sciatis me concessisse & dedisse perpetualiter 
pro anima nobilissimi regis H. domini mei & mea salute ecclesie & 
conuentui sancte Marie de Eghenesham unam hydam terre que est in 
Stantona, scilicet illam quam abbas predicte ecclesie tenuit dimidiam 
pro iiii solidis per annum & aliam dimidiam quam Osward' & Gooze 
& Bernardus tenuerunt. Quare uolo & firmiter precipio ut eam bene 
& in pace, libere & quiete & honorifice teneant, in bosco & in piano & 
pratis & pasturis & in omnibus aliis locis cum omnibus rebus & con- 
suetudinibus eidem hyde pertinentibus. £t ita ne quis eis iniuriam 
uel contumeliam super hoc inferat. Teslibus, Rogero episcopo Sar', 
Simone episcopo Wig[omiensi], Bem[ardo] episcopo de sancto Dauid, 
Rogero episcopo Cestr[ensi], Herm[anno] capellano, magistro Serlone, 
Waltero Giffardo, Rodb[erto] de Noburc, Rodberto de Oleo, Rob[erto] 
filio Martpni], Fulcone de Oleo, Peurello de Belloc', Mauricio de 
Windr[esores], Rag' [sic] de Windr[esores], apud Rading'.' 

726. 

Matheus de Bixtrop' de III acris arabilibus Ac I acra prati 
datis ecclesie de Stantuna pro cantaria habenda in 
capella sua de Forsthulle. 

[1221-8.] Sciant omnes presens scriptum inspecturi quod conuenit inter 
A[dam] abbatem de Egnesham, patronum* ecclesie de Stantona, & 

* From the Regtstrum AnHquissi- of donation (vol. I, p. 118), and charter 

mum at lincoln Cathedral, fol. 323^, no. 726, bnt ako two old deeds which 

being a late insertion. referred to lost gifts, namely this deed 

' Preserved at New College among about a hide of land in Stanton Harcourt 

the Stanton St. John Charters, no. 36. (vol. i, p. 399), and also the grant of 

A portion of the seal remains, a qneen Northleigh dinrch (vol. i, p. 130). 

with the orb in her left hand, when From the Bishop they must have found 

the church of Stanton St. John was sold their way to New College muniment 

by Eynsham to Bishop Longland, he must room, 

have received not omy Uie original deed ' Patronem, MS. 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 173 

lobannem personam eiusdem ecclesie ex una parte & Matheum de 
Bixtrop ex altera, scilicet quod predicti abbas &, persona concesserunt 
eidem Matheo quandam capellam construendam in curia ipsius Mathei 
apud Forsthulle ad peticionem ipsius Mathei ; que capella habeat in 
perpetuum capellanum in ea ministrantem, ad custum tamen & susten- 
tacionem ipsius Mathei & heredum suorum, ita scilicet quod quilibet 
capellanus, cum primo uenerit ad capellam illam, faciet fidelitatem 
matrici ecclesie de Stantona & in uerbo ueritatis ueraciter promittet 
quod omnia iura eiusdem matricis ecclesie in omnibus & per omnia 
pro posse suo seruabit, quod in nuUo loco er[it] ubi matrix ecclesia 
per ilium uel per alium quem possit impedire in aliquo sit perdens. 
Matrix uero ecclesia de Stantona retinet sibi in perpetuum omnes 
decimaciones, scilicet garbas & minutas decimas & omnia ea que ad 
decimationem pertinent sine aliqua diminucione. Retinet eadem sibi 
matrix ecclesia predicta quatuor dies per annum, scilicet diem Natiui- 
tatis domini & diem Pasche & diem Purificacionis beate Marie & diem 
festum ecclesie, scilicet diem beati lohannis Baptiste : de his quatuor 
diebus predictis percipiet matrix ecclesia de Stantona omnes oblationes 
de tota familia ipsius Mathei manente in parochia de Stantona, scilicet 
in ilia hyda que est de feudo domini lohannis de Sancto lohanne. 
Retinet etiam sibi matrix ecclesia predicta legata mortuorum. Habeat 
autem capella prenominata omne bonum quod ei deus uelit concedere 
exceptis quatuor diebus anni predictis & exceptis purificacionibus post 
partum & exequiis mortuorum; excepto etiam eo quod prefatus 
Matheus & heredes sui & familia eonim recipient apud predictam 
matricem ecclesiam omnia sacramenta &. confessiones, Omnes etiam 
coloni habitantes in dicta hyda sectam facient & sacramenta percipient 
apud matricem ecclesiam, sicut ceteri parochiani eiusdem ecclesie, ita 
quod nichil depereat iuri matricis ecclesie. Si uero contigerit quod 
capellanus dicte capelle uel dictus Matheus uel heredes eius contra 
fidelitatem suam & huius tenorem instrumenti aliquo tempore uenerint, 
uel aliqua fecerint unde matrix ecclesia fuerit dampnificata & super 
hoc conuicti fuerint, dicta capella tamdiu suspendatur a diuinis ofliciis 
donee dicte matrici ecclesie plene & sufficienter fuerit satisfactum. 
Prenominatus uero Matheus excellenciam matricis ecclesie & uoluntatis 
patroni & persone respiciens, diuine caritatis intuitu, pro anima Walteri 
de Bixtrop patris ipsius Mathei & pro anunabus omnium fidelium dedit 
deo & ecclesie de Stantona quatuor acras de terra sua in Forsthulle in 
puram & perpetuam elemosinam, scilicet tres acras arabiles & unam 
acram prati : tres uero acre arabiles iacent iuxta murum, quod [sic] 
est diuisum inter terram canonicorum de Oseneya & terram ipsius 
Mathei, sicut & per perticam mensuratur: acra uero prati iacet in 



174 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

prato de Stantona, scilicet in prato de Sydel', & taliter est recipienda 
a persona matricis ecclesie quod Matheus de Bixtrop de omnibus acris 
quas habet in prato de Stantona debet eligere quatuor acras &, persona 
quintam, & fiet statim electio & duret in perpetuum ilia acra ecclesie 
immutabiliter. Et ad maiorem istius facti securitatem huic scripto in 
modum cyrographi confecto sigilla parcium sunt apposita, scilicet 
sigillum domini A. abbatis Egneshamie & sigillum lohannis persona 
de Stantona sunt apposita particule tradite Matheo de Bixtrop, & 
sigillum eiusdem Mathei aponitur [stc] particule domino abbati tradite, 
similiter sigillum eiusdem M. aponitur particule domino lohanni persone 
de Stantona tradite. Hiis testibus, domino R. abbate Abbendonie, 
domino Rl abbate Oseneye, lohanne persona de Gersendona, lohanne 
de Sancto lohanne, WiUelmo filio El[ye], Alezandro de Cumbes, 
Willelmo de Leuek[enore], Wydone de Watel', Ricardo Gernun, 
Hugone clerico et multis aliis. 

727. 

[Grant by William de Drogheda to the Priory of Monk 
Sherborne, Hants, of his house in Oxford.] 

(Endorsed). Litera de quadam domo quam dedit Wuillermus 
Drokda in uiUa Oxonie.^ 

Jan. 8| Omnibus Christ! fidelibus has literas uisuris uel audituris Will[elmus] 
134)* de Drokeda salutem in uero salutari. Nouerit uniuersitas uestra me 

^ This it not an Eynsham deed, bnt mediately afterwards the priory sold it 

is printed to explain the quitclaim of to the scholars of William of Durham, 

Eynsbam, which follows. Both the subsequently called Uniyersity College, 

deeds are preserved in the muniment and it is only within the last few years 

room of Qaeen*s Collie, Oxford, that the College has parted with it 

whither they found their way when the {The ColUgis of Oxfird, ed. Clark, 

alien priory of Monk Sherborne, Hants, p. 4). 

was granted to that college. By the An account of William of Drogheda, 

first deed, William of Drogheda gives and of his writings may be found in 

notice that he has granted to the priory Cofton Law in the English Church, pp. 

of Sherborne his house in High Street, 1 07-1 15, by Professor Maitland. An 

Oxford, subsequently known as Drowda answer can be given to the question 

Hall, being now the house next to All there asked, namely, what was the tragic 

Souls College on the east side. From (Jugubris) death of William to which 

the fact that WiUiam subsequently died Matthew Paris refers. He was murdered . 

in this house, we should gather that the by his squire in 1245. At the Oxford 

grant was not to take effect until his Eyre of IS47 (Assize Roll, no. 700) 

death. The second deed shows that there was the following presentment : — 

the priory must have granted the tene- ' Magister Willelmus de Drogheda in- 

ment in perpetuity to Hugh de Bure- ventus fuit ocdsus in domo sua propria 

forde at a fixed rent ; that on his death in alto vico juxta ecclesiam beate Marie, 

he must have granted his rights to Et Willelmus de Ely primus inventor 

Eynsham ; and that the priory paid venit et non malecreditur. Et testatum 

five marics to Eynsham to recover the est quod Radulfus de Boklaunde armiger 

entire possession of Drowda HalL Im- suus oecidit eum & quendam alinm 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 175 

dedisse et concessisse et hac present! carta confirmasse deo & beate Marie 
et sancto lohanni Baptiste et priori et monachis ibidem ^ deo seruien- 
tibus domum meam cum pertinenciis quam habeo aput Oxoniam, scilicet 
que sita est in parochia sancti Petri uersus portam orientalem Oxonie 
inter terram que fuit Waited Hinge et terram que fuit Alwini le 
Tomoor ; habendam & tenendam libere et quiete, padfice, in puram et 
perpetuam elemosinam sicut in carta inde confecta plenius continetur, 
de me & heredibus meis ; ita quod pro anima mea et animabus patris 
et matris et parentum et benefactorum meorum et omnium fidelium 
defunctorum celebretur una missa animarum quolibet die anni in 
perpetuum in ecclesia nostra de Syreburnia coram altari sancti lacobi 
in eadem ecclesia ubi pater & mater mei iacebunt post obitum eorum 
sepulti et ego una cum eis ; et prefato altari lego ad opus dicte misse 
domum meam ap[ut] Oxoniam secundum quod in carta continetur 
quam tradidi dictis priori et monachis, et omnes libros meos theologie 
quos habeo & habiturus sum, gradale, troperium, et portetorium ', & 
calicem estimacionis duanmi marcarum, et cetera uestimenta que 
contingunt sacerdotem ministrantem in albis, & altare; que omnia 
honera prior et conuentus sustinebunt in perpetuum sumptibus suis 
postquam semel fuerint predicta dicto altari assignata et a me 
deputata. Actum anno domini mccxli die Mercurii proxima post 
Epiphaniam Domini in capitulo nostro de Syreburnia.^ 

728. 

[E3m8ham quitclaims Drowda Hall to the Priory of Monk 
Sherborne.] 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus presentes litteras uisuris uel audituris Aprils, 
Gilbertus abbas de Heynesham & eiusdem loci humilis conuenlus '*55« 
etemam in domino salutem. Nouerit uniuersitas uestra quod nos 
unanimi consensu nostro concessimus, relaxauimus &, quietum 

garcifernm ipsins magistri, et stAtim de Uncolnia is a chancellor hitherto 

fngit et malecreditnr ; ideo exigator, et unknoMm. 

utlagetnr. Catalla ^os viii s. Etmagis- ^ As though 'de Syreburnia' had 

ter Willelmus de Lmcolnia, tunc cancel- occurred after ' Marie *. 

larinsy non permlsit ballivos attachiare ' An unknown word. < Portatorinm * 

predicta catalk ; ideo ad judicium. £t might mean a case ; ' portiforium ' a 

Willelmus de la Mare 8c Johannes de breviary ; but we need here a word 

Schirebume capti fuemnt per snspi- which means ' missal *. Perhaps it was 

cionem predicte mortis et deliberati per a term used for a handy or abbreviated 

Galfridum de Henkesteseye & Henricum missaL 

Perle, ballivos Oxonie, shie warowda; * Attached is a broken seal, oval, 

ideo ad judicium.' Geoffrey of Hinksey^ about { inches by j; a figure sitting 

Henry Perle were the reeves for the vear under a canopy. 

beginning Michaelmas 1244. William 



176 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

clamauimus pro nobis & successoribus nostris in perpetuum Michaeli 
priori Scyreburnie & successoribus suis & eiusdem lod conuentui 
Wyntoniensis diocesis totum ius & clamium quod nos habuimus uel 
aliquo modo habere potuimus in domum que fuit quondam magistri 
Willelmi de Drochedathe, que sita est in magno uico inter ecdesiam 
sancte Marie Oxonie & portam eiusdem municipii orientalem; ita 
quod nee nos nee successores nostri dictis priori & conuentui de 
Scyreburnia uel eorum successoribus super dicta domo unquam 
molestiam aliquam uel grauamen inferre polerimus uel in eadem 
domo nobis aliquid iims uendicare. Nos autem in signum perpetue 
quieteclamacionis dictis priori & conuentui de Scyreburnia omnia 
instrumenta que nos de dicta domo habuimus a magistro Hugone de 
Bureforde, quondam clerico noslro, & que ipse Hugo habuit de 
dicta domo a dictis priore & conuentu de Scyreburnia, eisdem litteris 
resignando, ipsis priori & conuentui coram multis tradidimus. Pro 
hac autem concessione, relaxacione & quieta clamacione dederunt 
nobis dicti prior & conuentus de Scyreburnia quinque marcas in 
gersumma. £t quia uolumus quod bee nostra concessio, relaxacio 8c 
quieta clamacio in perpetuum robur firmitatis optineat, huic scripto 
impressiones sigillorum nostrorum apposuimus, hiis testibus, magistro 
Egidio de Brudeport tunc archidiacono Bercsyrye, magistro Willelmo 
de Lodelauhe tunc cancellario Oxonie, Ada Feteplace tunc maiore 
Oxonie, Galfrido Aurifabro, Henrico Hynge, Galfrido Trutun & multis 
aliis. Datum apud Oxoniam die Martis proxima post Quasi Modo 
Geniti anno domine mcclv.^ 



729. 

[Grant to Roger le Sclatter & Agnes his wife of a tenement 
in the New Borough of Eynsham.] 

Oct«z9i Sciant presentes & futuri quod nos Thomas permissione diuina 

'^94« abbas Egneshamye & eiusdem loci conuentus dedimus [&c.] Rogero 

le Sclattere de Egnesham & Agneti vxori sue prime & heredibus de 

ipsis legitime procreatis illud tenementum cum curtilagio, gardino & 

omnibus aliis suis pertinenciis quod Symon vicarius prius de nobis tenuit 

^ With two seals, both of white wax Child with the inscriptions " Big ill* 

and pointed oval ; on the right, the seal Convent' Egnesh amis ad Cavsas " 

of the abbey which has been reproduced and «S'. Abbatis Egneshamie ad 

in vol. i ; on the left, the seal of the Cavsas." We conclude from the book 

abbot, much chipped, a full length of John of Woodeaton (Bodley MS. 435) 

6gure of an abbot, no inscription re- that these reverse seals were ordered and 

maining. There are also two reverse made about the year 1228, 
seals, each representing the Virgin and 







2) 
< 



Q 

U] 

> 

O 
u 



< 

ifi 

hi 

> 






CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 177 

in Nouo Burgo de Egnesham; habendum & tenendum predictis 
Rogero, Agneti & beredibus de corporibus suis exeuntibus de nobis & 
successoribus nostris, libere, quiete, bene & in pace ; reddendo inde 
annuatim nobis & successoribus nostris quatuor solidos sterlingorum 
ad quatuor anni terminos consuetos pro equalibus porcionibus diui- 
dendos, faciendo inde sectam ad curiam nostram de Nouo Burgo 
predicto & alias consuetudines & seruicia secundum quod alii eiusdem 
tenure nobis hucusque fecerunt & facient infuturum pro omnibus aliis 
seruiciis secularibus, exaccionibus & demandis. £t si contingat predi- 
ctos Rogerum & Agnetem sine herede de se, ut premitlitur, legitime 
exeuntibus in fata decedere, totum predictum tenementum prout 
superius annotatur nobis & successoribus nostris absque impedimento 
vel contradictione cuiusque libere reuertetur. Nos uero [&c. warranty] 
salua nobis & successoribus nostris ilia lercia parte quam Elena vxor 
Ricardi le Harpour tenet in dotem, que aliquando fuit dicto tenemento 
annexa, post eiusdem Elene decessum. £t ut [&c. alternate sealing], 
hiis testibus, Ada de la Dunhalle, lohanne de la Sale de Norhtleye, 
Willelmo le Bedel de eadem, Ricardo Bacun de Egnesham, lohanne 
Morel, Thoma Abberd, Nicholao Fabro, et multis aliis. Dat* apud 
Egnesham die Lune in crastino sancti Luce ewangeliste anno regni 
regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici vicesimo secundo.* 



730. 

[Eynsham grants to the Earl of Warwick ten acres of 
waste in Ciiarlbury, adjacent to his wood in Spelsbury.] 

Sciant [&c.] quod nos Thomas permissione diuina abbas de June 17, 
Egneshame & eiusdem loci conuentus dedimus [&c.] nobili viro ^<^5* 
domino Guidoni de Bello Campo, Comiti Warr', x acras regalis vasti 
nostri cum pertinendis in Cherlebury, iacentes in quodam loco, qui 
vocatur Normanesgrove, iuxta boscum predict! domini Comitis in 
Spellesbury, habendas & tenendas predicto domino Guidoni & heredi- 
bus suis de capitalibus dominis feodi illius per seruicia que ad tantum 
uastum pertinent sine uUo retenemento nobis vel successoribus nostris 
dominii vel seruicii in eisdem in perpetuum, et quod dictus dominus 
Comes, heredes & assignati sui de dicto uasto appriare ' se possint pro 
uoluntate sua, salua nobis & successoribus nostris communia pasture 

' This it presenred among some mis- It does not appear that New College ever 

cellaneons deeds in New College mnni- possessed property in EynshanL 

ment room« As there is no sign of seal- ' ' to nse for one's own benefit.* 
ing, the deed is a copy, not 4Ui original. 

U. N 



178 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

in eisdem temporibus war[ec]ti & aperto. Et nos predicti abbas & 
conuentus & successores nostri predictas x acras regalis uasti cum 
pertinendis predicto domino Goidoni [&c. warranty]. lu cuius [&c. 
sealing], hiis testibus, domino Philippo de Gaytone, lohanne Hamelyn, 
lohanne Dyue, Henrico de Willamescote, militibus, Ed[mund]o de 
Dene, Roberto de Ascote, Reginaldo de Lynham, & multis aliis. 
Dat' apud Egnesham in capitulo nostro die sancti Botulphi, anno 
regni regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici xxxiii.^ 



731. 

[Eynsham renounces all daim to have common of pasture 
in the ancient demesnes of the manor of Spelsbury.] 

JtmexS, Omnibus [&c.] Thomas permissione diuina abbas Egneshamie 
^o^' & eiusdem loci conuentus salutem in domino sempitemam. Noue- 
ritis nos remisisse & omnino quietum clamasse pro nobis & successori- 
bus nostris seu tenentibus de manerio de Cherlebury nobili viro 
domino Guidoni de Bello Campo, comiti Warr', omnimodum ius & 
clamium siquid habuimus, vel aliquo modo habere poterimus ad 
com[munic]andum cum aueriis nostris seu tenencium nostrorum in 
antiquis dominicis predicti domini Guidonis in manerio de Spellesbury : 
ita quod nee nos [&c.]. In cuius [&c. sealing], hiis testibus, Reginaldo 
de Lynham, Nicholao Broun iuniori, Ricardo de Ouuyle, Willelmo le 
Blund, Willelmo de Leghe, lohanne de London, lohanne de Colunces 
& aliis. Dat' in capitulo nostro apud Egnesham die Sabbati in Octabis 
sancti Bamabe apostoli, anno regni regis Edwardi filii regis Hemici 
xxxiiiito.* 

732. 

[E3msham and the vicar of Charlbury consent that the 
inhabitants of Chadlington shall have the right of sepul- 
ture at Chadlington.'] 

July 95, In del nomine Amen. Hec indentura confecta inter religiosos viros 

1309. fratrem Thomam Bradyngstoke, abbatem monasterii de Egnesham 

Lincolniensis diocesis ordinis sancti Benedicti, & eiusdem loci con- 

^ From Brit. Mns. Add MS. 28034, Bnckingham, Mem. foL 408. The 

fol. 168, a caitnlaxy of the Earl of original is very verbose, and if prbted 

Warwick. in fall would take 15 or 16 pages; hot 

' lb. fol. 169. it contains no (acts beyond those that 

* From the Register of Bishop are here given. 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 179 

uentum ecclesiam paroch[iaIem] de Cherlebury dicte diocesis cum 
capella de Chadlyngton eidem ecclesie annexa et ab eadem dependente 
ac infra fines et limites eiusdem parochialis ecclesie notorie situata, 
eisdem religiosis viris unitam, annexam et incorporatam ac in usus 
coram proprios perpetuo possidendam, legitime concessam, [tenentes^] 
ex una parte & Margaretam Appulby, rcHctam lohannis Appulby, 
Ricardum Withfeld, Rogeram Badford, Reginaldum Stacy, WiUelmum 
Martyn, lohannem atte Yate, & lohannem Shepherd parochianos dicte 
ecclesie de Cherlebur}', hamelettam de Chadlyngton inhabitantes, ac 
ceteros parochianos eiusdem ecclesie hamelettam predictam inhabi- 
tames & residentes in hameletta antedicta, in capella predicta die 
sancti lacobi apostoli anno domini millesimo ccc octogesimo nono 
intra missarum solempnia constitutos & pro infrascriptis specialiter 
congregatos & ad ea omnia & singula eorum consensum expressum 
singiUatim & coniunctim adhibentes, nuUo reclamante seu contra- 
dicente, ac omnes & singulos alios parochianos dicte ecclesie hame- 
lettam predictam inhabitantes consimili modo consencientes tactis 
sacrosanctis euangeliis per eosdem parochianos de complendo, faciendo 
& tenendo omnia infrascripta & de non contraueniendo nee contra* 
dicendo subscripta vel eorum aliqua specialiter iuratos, ex parte altera ; 
testatur quod licet parochiani predicti dictam hamelettam inhabitantes 
ac coram predecessores corpora quorumcumque mortuorum in eadem 
hameletta decedencium ad ecclesiam coram parochialem de Cherle- 
bury, in Cherlebury situatam, in cimiterio eiusdem ecclesie dumtaxat 
sepelienda a toto tempore cuius contrarii memoria hominum non 
existit detulerant & ibidem hucusque sepelierant & illuc ea deferre 
& ibidem & non alibi sepelire de iure teneantur ; dicti tamen religiosi, 
interaentu magnatum & dictoram omnium suorum parochianoram ac 
ceteroram amicorum precibus multiplicibus eorum aures beneuolas 
graciose adhibentes, ipsis inhabitantibus hamelettam de Chadlyngton 
predictis, parochianis suis ecclesie eorum de Cherlebury supradicte, 
& successoribus suis dictam hamelettam inhabitaturis (quatenus, saluo 
iiu'e ecclesie coram de Cherlebury infrascripte, possunt) consensu 
domini Thome perpetui vicarii dicte ecclesie de Cherlebury in hac 
parte concurrente, sepulturam ex nunc habendam eis hamelettam 
antedictam inhabitantibus et successoribus suis modis & condicionibus 
subscriptis ft non aliter in cimiterio sine solo capelle predicte ad 
procuracionem eorundem parochianoram de nouo, abbate & conuentu 
& dicto vicario ad hoc non vocatis, dedicato concedunt per presentes. 
[In return for this benefit the inhabitants of Chadlington recognize 

^ Required by the senie. 

N 2 



i8o CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

that their dead in past time both in fact and by right have been buned 
at Charlbury, and that Chadlington is not a parochial church, that the 
newly dedicated cemetery and the chapel are rightly in the possession 
of Eynsham, being dependent on the church of Charlbury. They 
promise for the inhabitants of Chadlington . • .] quod decimas tarn 
jnaiores quam minores, oblaciones, mortuaria, prestaciones, subuen- 
ciones & cetera omnia quecumque eidem ecclesie parochiali de Cherle- 
bury . . . (quatenus hactenus supportare tenebantur & non alias neque 
ultra) reddant & faciant. . . . Concedunt insuper & volunt iidem paro- 
chiani . • . quod singulis annis in perpetuum qualibet die dedicacionis 
capelle antedicte teneantur, ut in festo Natalis Domini, offerre, ac 
insuper diem dedicacionis ecclesie eorum parochialis & matricis de 
Cherlebury prenominate festum ab omni opere, sicut ceteri parochiani 
ecclesie parochialis & matricis antedicte, celebrare denote teneantur. 
Volunt insuper . • . quod in signum, recognicionem ft recordationem 
perpetue subiectionis prefate capelle de Chadlyngton ecclesie eorum 
matrici & parochiali de Cherlebury et dependencie eiusdem capelle ab 
eadem ecclesia iidem parochiani, hamelettam de Chadlyngton inhabi- 
tantes, ac eorum heredes & successores singulis annis in perpetuum 
duos cereos cere, utrumque per se unam libram cere & de cera 
ponderantem, quorum unus in cancello dicte ecclesie de Cherlebury 
remaneat & alter balliuo sen custodi manerii dictorum religiosorum 
ad hoc deputato tradatur in usus eorundem abbatis & conuentus & 
successorum suorum convertendus, die Pasche in ecclesia parochial! 
de Cherlebury predicta • . . intra missarum solempnia hora consueta 
dum maior populi multitudo ibidem congregata fuerit [offerre 
teneantur &c.].* 

733. 

[The Bishop of Lincohi grants to E3msham permission to 
appropriate the churches of South Stoke, South Newing- 
ton, and Combe.] 

Jan. ay. Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quos presentes littere peruenerint 
^9$* Henricus permissione diuina Lincolniensis episcopus salutem in 
domino. Noueritis nos concessisse & licenciam dedisse dilectis filiis 
nostris abbati de Egnesham & eiusdem loci conuentui, qui de nostro 
patronatu existunt, quod ipsi ecclesias de Stoke Abbatis, Newentone 
lewelle & Combe in comitatu Oxpnie & in diocesi nostra, quarum 

^ The original at this point becomes words or lines ; bnt it is evident that 
confused and cannot be construed, the the rest of the deed was common form, 
scribe having lost his place and omitted 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES i8i 

ecclesiarum iidem abbas & conuentus veri patroni existunt et ipsanim 
advocationes ut parcellam dicte abbathie sue de nobis ut in iure 
episcopatus nostri predict! tenent, appropriare & eas in usus proprios 
tenere possint, quandocumque eas seu eanim aliquam quovismodo 
vacare contingat. In cuius [&c. sealing]. Dat' Oxonie xxvii die 
mensis lanuarii anno domini mccc nonagesimo octauo, et nostra 
consecrationis primo.^ 



734. 

[The Abbey consents that the three churches shall be 
served by perpetual vicars instead of curates, as was 
permitted them by the grant of the Pope.] 

Henricus permissione divina Lincolniensis episcopus dilectis filiis Jan. 39, 
magistro Willelmo Bylsthorpe, nostro in archidiaconatibus Oxonie & '39l- 
Bukjngham sequestrator!, ac Roberto Newby Official! archidiaconi 
Oxonie salutem, graciam et benedictionem. Cum nuper sanctissimus 
in Christo pater et dominus noster, dominus Bonifacius divina pro\'i- 
denda papa nonus, ecclesias parochiales de Stoke Abbatis, Newtone 
lueU & Combe nostre diocesis, cedentibus vel decedentibus earundem 
ecclesiarum rectoribus, per suas litteras apostolicas religiosis viris 
abbat! & conventui monaster!! de Eynsham ordinis sanct! Benedict! 
dicte nostre diocesis univit, annexuit, incorporavit & appropriavit, 
quarum vigore litterarum possunt etiam ecclesiis per simplices sacer- 
dotes remoturos ad nutum in diuinis officiis facere deseruiri ; tamen, 
ut cultus augeatur diuinus & ut devotio parochianorum in dictis 
parochiis degencium magis excitetur & ut cura animarum nullatenus 
necligatur, nobis humiliter supplicarunt quatinus auctoritate nostra 
ordinaria, cum dictarum ecclesiarum fuerint possessionem pacificam 
assecutiy perpetuos vicarios, congruis eis porcionibus assignatis, eisdem 
ecclesiis preficere dignaremur ; nos vero * peticion! eorundem religio- 
sorum, racioni consone et iuri, annuentes, ut de dictarum ecclesiarum 
prouentibus, cum ipsarum vel alicuius earundem prefati religiosi vir! 
fuerint possessionem pacifice assecuti, et pro parte eorundem fueritis 
legittime requisiti, pro perpetuo vicario seu vicariis in dictis ecclesiis 
seu alicuius [sic] earundem canonice instituendo vel instituendis, per- 
petuo in eisdem domino servaturo & servaturis, porcionem congruam 
limitare valeatis, unde diet! vicarii seu vicarius nobis presentandi, quam 

^ From Bishop Beaufort's registers, Beaufort, Mem. fol. 8, is supplied from 
Mem. fol. 8. the repetition of the deed in Beanfort, 

* A line, omitted by the scribe in Inst foL aoi. 



i82 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

presentacionem nobis fieri volumus una cum limitacione porcionis 
huiusmodi inserta in eadem, valeant & valeat commode sustentari & 
alia onera incumbencia debite supportare, ac omnia & singula facere 
& expedire, in hac parte necessaria seu aliqualiter oportuna, vobis 
coniunctim & divisim, de quorum fidelitate ft industria plene confidi* 
mus, & super quo consciendas vestras in domino oneramus, com- 
mittimus vices nostras, cum cuiuslibet cohercionis canonice potestate. 
Dat' sub sigiUo nostro Oxonie vicesimo nono die mensis lanuarii, 
anno domini mccc nonagesimo octauo & nostre consecrationis primo. 



735. 

[The institution of a vicarage at Combe.] 
Combe vicaria. 

May 3, Unluersis sancte matris ecclesie filiis ad quos presentes littere per- 
1399* uenerint Offidalis domini archidiaconi Oxonie salutem in onmium 
saluatore. Litteras venerabilts in Christo patris et domini, domini 
Henrici, dei gracia Lincolniensis episcopi, nuper recepimus in bee 
uerba : — * Henricus [&c.] dilectis filiis Willelmo Bidesthorp [&c. as in 
no. 734 . . . to] consecrationis primo.' Post quarum quidem litterarum 
percepdonem per partem dictorum abbatis & conuentus fuimus in- 
stanter requisiti ut vicario perpetuo, qui cure deseruiet ecclesie paro- 
ehialis de Coumbe, cuius possessionem ut asserunt canonice sunt 
assecuti, auctoritate in hac parte nobis commissa congruam velimus 
limitare porcionem. Nos uero, predictarum litterarum auctoritate ac 
ad ipsorum abbatis & conuentus requisicionem, porcionem perpetuo 
vicario in eadem ecclesia de Coumbe deseruituro de fructibus & pro- 
uentibus eiusdem ecclesie assignamus & limitamus, ac porcionem 
eandem in decimis & rebus decemimus infrascriptam ; uidelicet quod 
vicarius qui pro tempore fuerit percipiet & habebit omnes & omni* 
modas decimas tam maiores quam minores necnon oblaciones & alia 
quecumque ad dictam ecclesiam de Coumbe qualitercumque pro- 
ueniencia, decimis tamen garbarum & feni infra parochiam ft de 
parochia dicte ecclesie qualitercumque obuenientibus, quas percipient 
ft habebunt dictus abbas ft conuentus, dumtazat exceptis ; quodque 
vicarius qui pro tempore fuerit habebit integram glebam tam terrarum 
arabilium quam prati ad dictam ecclesiam de Coumbe spectantem ft 
pertinentem absque deductione decime, excepta tma crofta que iacet 
prope mansum dicte rectorie, que vulgariter nuncupatur The Gret Croft ; 
habebit etiam idem vicarius qui pro tempore fuerit decimas lini ft 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 183 

canabi ubicumque infra parochiam siue in campis sine in ortis crescen- 
tium ac siluarum ceduanim: habebit etiam idem vicarius herbas in 
cimiterio crescentes^ et arbores amputabit in eodem cimiterio & ramos 
in usns suos conuertet £t vicarius quicumque, qui pro tempore 
fuerit, inueniet panem & uinum ac lumen competens in cancello ad 
celebracionem diuinorum & communionem parochianorum quociens 
& quando opus fuent ; necnon duos cereos processionales. Omnia 
autem alia onera dicte ecdesie ordinaria siue extraordinaria, dicte 
ecclesie qualitercumque incumbencia, prefati abbas & conuentus 
supportabunt, inuenient ac sustentabunt. £t quia de habitacione 
pro vicario nuUatenus est prouisum, ordinamus quod dicti abbas & 
conuentus in terra dotali dicte ecclesie iuxta rectoriam habitacionem 
pro vicario ft successoribus suis celeriter construi faciant competentem 
suis propriis sumptibus ft expensis. £t interim predictus vicarius pro 
sua ft suorum seruiencium inhabitacione habebit unam cameram ft 
alias domos sibi necessarias in rectoria predicta. Istam dotacionem 
nos Offidalis antedictus auctoritate prefati venerabilis patris ordinamus, 
statuimus ft limitamus. In quorum omnium testimonium sigiUum 
officii nostri presentibus apposuimus. Dat' apud Coumbe predictam 
secundo die mensis Maii, anno Domini ftc, nonogesimo \stc\ nono.^ 



736. 

[The institution of a vicarage at Soutli Stoke.] 
Vlcaxie ecclesie de Stoke ordinado. 

Uniuersis [ftc. as in the last deed ... to] consecrationis primo. April 38, 
Post quarum quidem litterarum perceptionem per partem dictorum '399' 
abbatis ft conuentus fuimus instanter requisiti ut vicario perpetuo, qui 
cure deseruiet ecclesie parochialis de Stoke Abbatis, cuius possessionem 
ut asaerunt canonice sunt assecuti, auctoritate in hac parte nobis com- 
missa congruam velimus limitare pordonem. Nos vero, predictarum 
litterarum auctoritate ac ad ipsorum abbatis ft conuentus requisi- 
clonem, pordonem perpetuo vicario in eadem ecclesia de Stoke 
Abbatis deseruituro de fructibus ft prouentibus eiusdem ecclesie 
assignamus ft limitamus, ac pordonem eandem in decimis ft rebus 
decemimus consistere infrascriptis : — ^videlicet quod vicarius qui pro 
tempore fuerit perdpiet ft habebit omnes ft omnimodas decimas tarn 
maiores quam minores necnon oblaciones ft alia quecumque ad 
dictam ecclesiam de Stoke Abbatis qualitercumque proueniencia, 

^ From the Register of Bishop Beanfort, Inst. foL aoi. 



i84 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

decima garbarum & feni ac siluanim ceduanim quarumcumque infra 
parochiam & de parochia dicte ecclesie qualitercumque obueniencium, 
quas percipient & habebunt dicti abbas & conuentus, diimtaxat ex- 
ceptis ; percipient etiam & habebunt prefati abbaa & conuentus omnia 
& singula mortuaria viua infra dictam parochiam proueniencia. Item 
ordinamuSy eciam assignamus, et limitamus quod vicarius qui pro 
tempore fuerit habebit de gleba et terris dotalibus dominicis ad 
dictam ecdesiam pertinentibus octo acras terrarum arabilium integra- 
liter absque deduccione decimarum, videlicet dimidiam acram in Grene- 
furlong extendentem in the Grene, & aliam dimidiam acram iacentem 
in Crousloue extendentem in Touchinwey, & aliam dimidiam acram 
iacentem in Croslowe extendentem ab australi ad boream, & aliam 
dimidiam acram iacentem in Schortfurlong extendentem in Merway 
in campo australi, & unam dimidiam acram iacentem in Lamcowpe 
extendentem in Miswey, & aliam dimidiam acram iacentem in Lamp- 
cowpe extendentem in Northwey, & aliam dimidiam acram in eodem 
campo extendentem in Touchenwey, & aliam dimidiam acram super 
Portwey extendentem in Wodewey in the Midellfelde, & unam dimidiam 
acram iacentem iuxta Portwey extendentem in Northwey, & aliam 
dimidiam acram extendentem erga album montem, & aliam dimidiam 
acram extendentem in Merslade, ft aliam dimidiam acram super 
paruimi montem, & duas acras ab antiquo vocatas Lampeacres, ft 
duas acras prati iacentes in Wodekote ab antiquo vocatas Thepeacres, 
una cum octo bigatis focalium de silua dicti abbatis ft conuentus com- 
munis vecture trium equorum ad liberacionem custodis silue siue 
balliui eorundem, quas quidem octo bigatas focalium dictus custos 
siue balliuus deliberabit sine difficultate prefato vicario cum per 
partem eiusdem vicarii fuerint requisiti seu alter eorum fuerit requi- 
situs. Habebit eciam idem vicarius qui pro tempore fuerit decimas 
lini ft canabi ubicumque infra parochiam siue in campo siue in ortis 
crescencium. Item habebit herbas in cimiterio crescentes ft arbores 
amputabit in eodem cimiterio, ft ramos in usus suos conuertet. 
Vicarius vero qui pro tempore fuerit inueniet ft sustentabit unum 
lampadem ardentem in cancello dicte ecclesie ft panem ac uinum ac 
lumen competens ultra illam candelam quam percipiet a parochianis 
singulis diebus dominicis, si oporteat, ad celebradonem diuinorum ft 
communionem parochianonmi, quociens ft quando opus fuerit ; nee- 
non duos cereos processionales competentes. Omnia autem alia onera 
dicte ecclesie ordinaria ft extraordinaria qualitercumque incumbencia 
prefati abbas ft conuentus supportabunt, inuenient ft sustentabunt. 
Assignamus eciam dicto vicario mansum competens pro sua ft suorum 
inhabitadone infra mansum quod rector prefate ecclesie pro tempore 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 185 

existens inhabitare consueuit, videlicet aulam & cameras in parte 
boreali existentes & gardinum sibi limitatuin per bundas & fines. 
Istam dotacionem nos Officialis antedictus auctoritate prefati venera* 
bilis patris ordinamus, statuimus & limitamus. In quorum [&c. sealing] ; 
dat' apud Stoke predictam vicesimo octauo die mensis Aprilis anno 
Domini millesimo ccc nonogesimo [sic\ nono.^ 

737. 

[The institution of a vicarage at South Newington.] 

Presentacio ad vicariam in ecclesia de Newenton lewell, 
noviter ordinatam. 

Reuerendo in Christo patri ac domino, domino Philippo, dei gracia April 12, 
Lincolniensi episcopo, vestrove vicario in spiritualibus generali vestri M^S* 
humiles & deuoti filii, abbas monasterii de Egnsham ordinis sancti 
Benedicti vestre diocesis & eiusdem loci conuentus, obedienciam & 
omnimodas reueren[tias] tanto patri debitas cum honore. Cum nuper, 
piis & racionabilibus de causis ac urgente necessitate, parochialis 
ecclesia de Newentone lewell dicte vestre diocesis apostolica auctori- 
tate nobis ft monasterio nostro predicto appropriata fuisset; ac ipsa 
ecclesia per liberam resignadonem domini Galfridi Bedyll ultimi 
rectoris eiusdem iam nouiter uacauisset; quodque* nos eandem 
ecclesiam vigore appropriacionis huiusmodi cum suis iuribus & perti- 
nenciis uniuersis in proprios usus, salua congrua porcione de fructibus 
& prouentibus ipsius ecclesie pro perpetuo vicario in eadem instituendo, 
notorie nunc habentes & possidentes, ad vicariam perpetuam ecclesie 
parochialis de Newenton lewell predicta de nouo ordinandam & 
assignandam, ac ut infra scribitur vestra auctoritate dotandam, dile- 
ctum nobis in Christo dominum Adam Dalton capellanum patemitati 
vestre reuerende tenore presencium presentamus, humiliter suppli- 
cantes & denote quatinus vicariam perpetuam in eadem ecclesia cum 
porcione, manso ft aliis infrascriptis dotare, ipsumque dominum Adam 
ad vicariam huiusmodi admittere ft vicarium perpetuum in eadem 
canonice instituere, ac cetera que vestro incumbunt officio pastorali in 
hac parte facere dignemini graciose intuitu caritatis. Porcio vero cum 
manso eidem domino Ade ft successoribus suis vicariis in eadem 
vicaria instituendis ft per nos assignata ac per etmdem dominum 
Adam admissa ft concordata, si vestre reuerende libeat patemitati, 
sequttur ft est talis. In primis memoratus dominus Adam ft suc- 

1 From the R^fister of Bishop the scribe has oxhitted some words 
Beaufort, Inst. foL 201. after < qnodqoe*, or we can make sense 

^ The grammar is oonfiised ; perhaps by removing the word. 



i86 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

cessores sui, vicarii dicte ecclesie quicumque in posterum suis tempo- 
ribus futuris, de nostro expresso consensu A: assensu habebit ft habebunt 
unum mansum competentem ex parte austral! dicte ecclesie & iuxta 
cimiterium prefate ecclesie, una cum competenti gardino eidem ad- 
iacenti, in fundo dicte ecclesie dotali, quern eidem domino Ade & suis 
successoribus pro manso vicarii assignauimus. Ac insuper percipiet 
& habebit idem dominus Adam, & sui successores quicumque per- 
cipient & habebunt, duodecem marcas monete Anglicane a nobis 
& successoribus nostris annis singulis imperpetuum ad quatuor anni 
terminos, videlicet Pascha, Ad Vincula sancti Petri, Omnium Sancto- 
rum, & Purificadonis beate Marie Virginis ad sustentadonem dicti 
domini Ade & suorum successorum quorumcumque, eisdem terminis 
persoluendas per equales porciones, vel infra quatuordecem dies dictos 
terminos & quemlibet eonmdem immediate sequentes. Onera vero 
ordinaria & extraordinaria quecumque & qualitercumque eidem ecclesie 
incumbencia suscipimus in nos & successores nostros, ac eadem onera 
nos & successores nostri supportabimus perpetuis temporibus & subie- 
mus. Alia vero omnia & singula ad dictam parochialem ecclesiam 
quomodocumque pertinencia seu obveniencia preterquam pro pordone 
superius limitata nobis & monasterio nostro predicto specialiter reser- 
uamus. In cuius rd testimonium sigiUum nostrum commune pre- 
sentibus est appensum. Dat' in domo nostra capitulari xiiii die mensis 
Mardi anno domini mccccxil 

Postmodum vero videlicet xii die Aprilis anno domini mccccxiu 
apud Egnsham supradictus dominus Adam presentatus ad eandem 
vicariam per magistrum Thomam Brouns, dicti reuerendi patris 
domini Philippi Lincolniensis episcopi commissarium in hac parte 
sufficienter deputatum, fuit admissus & vicarius perpetuus, de con- 
tinue residendo & personaliter ministrando secundum formam consti- 
tutionum legatinanun in hoc casu editam iuratus, institutus canonice 
in eadem, nulla inquisicione preuia, quia &c.; iurata canonica 
obediencia, scriptum fuit archidiacono Oxonie seu eius officiali ad 
inducendum eundem &c.^ 

738. 

[Verdict of a jury that the abbot of Eynsham is not bound 
to maintain the ferry barge at Shiffbrd ferry.] 

Aug. 3, Oxon. Inquisitio capta apud Oxoniam in comitatu predicto coram 
'4»^» senescallq et marescallo hospicii domini regis die sabbati proxima post 

^ From the Register of Bishop Repingdon, Inst foL 397. 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 187 

festum sancti Petri, quod dicitur Ad Uincula, anno regni regis Henrici 
sexti post conquestum quarto per sacramentum xii liberorum & legalium 
hominum de visneto de Bamptone in comitatu predicto infra virgam : 
qui pro domino rege de omnimodis prodicionibus, feloniis, nocumentis, 
transgressionibus & aliis diuersis articuiis onerati & iurati dicunt super 
eorum sacramentum quod est quoddam passagium in villa de Shjfford 
in parochia de Bamptone in comitatu Oxonie predicto infra virgam a 
tempore quo non exstat memoria usitatum vocatum Shyffordesfery 
ultra aquam Thamisic, versus viUam de Longeworthc in comitatu Berks 
per lacobum abbatcm domus & ecclesie beatc Marie de Egnysham in 
comitatu Oxonie predicto distructum ad graue nocumentum cariagii 
dicti domini regis A: populi sui per predictum passagium transeuncium, 
uidelicet a festo Natalis domini anno regni regis Henrici sexti tercio, 
usque diem capdonis huius inquisitionis pro defectu reparacionis unius 
ferybarge in defectu ipsius abbatis ; quam quidem ferybarge predictus 
abbas reparare debet & de iure tenetur radone iuris ecclesie sue 
abbathie de Egnysham predicte, et quod ipse abbas A omnes pre- 
decessores sui a tempore quo non exstat memoria predictamfeiybarge 
reparare consueuerunt & de iure tenebantur radone iuris ecclesie sue 
supradicte &c., et super hoc preceptum est marescallo curie mare- 
scalcie hospidi predicti, quod non omittat propter aliquam libertatem 
quin venire faciat coram prefatis senescallo & marescallo prefatum 
abbatem, ita quod sit coram eisdem hac instanti die lune proxima post 
festum Assumpcionis beate Marie uirginis proximo tunc futuro, ubi- 
cunque ftc. infra uirgam ad respondendum dicto domino regi de 
nocumento predicto. Ad quern diem lune pladta [xiV] aule hospicii 
predicti tenta apud Oxoniam predictam coram prefatis senescallo & 
marescallo, Robertus Fayreford qui pro domino rege sequitur in 
propria persona sua venit, predictusque abbas hie in cur[ia] solemp- 
niter exactus per Thomam Roppeley attomatum suum similiter venit 
& petit auditum de presentacione predicta et habuit; quo audito [sic] 
petit diem ad interloquendum usque diem Martis proxima post festum 
sancti Bartholomei apostoli proximo tunc futurum ubicunque &c. 
infra virgam, et ei per curiam conceditur; ad quem diem Martis 
placita aule hospicii predicti tenta apud Abyndone in comitatu Berks 
infra virgam coram prefatis senescallo & marescallo, prefatus Robertus 
qui pro domino rege sequitur in propria persona sua venit et petit 
responsum pro dicto domino rege de predicto abbate de nocumento 
predicto. Qui quidem abbas hie in curia per attomatum suum pre- 
dictum pro placito dicit quod ipse predictam ferybarge reparare non 
debet neque de iure tenetur racione iuris ecclesie sue supradicte, et 
quod ipse abbas neque predecessores sui a tempore quo non exstat 



i88 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

memoria predictam ferybarge reparare consueuenint, neque de inre 
tenebantur radone iuris ecclesie sue supradicte prout pro dicto domino 
rege superius supponitur, et hoc idem abbas per attomatum sumn 
predictum petit quod inquiratur per patriam : et predictus Robertus 
qui pro domino rege sequitur in propria persona sua venit^ & pro 
dicto domino rege dicit quod idem abbas predictam ferybarge reparare 
debet & de iure tenetur racione iuris ecclesie sue supradicte, et quod 
predictus abbas & omnes predecessores sui a tempore quo non exstat 
memoria predictam ferybarge reparare consueuerunt & de iure tene- 
bantur racione iuris ecclesie sue supradicte prout pro domino rege 
superius presentatum est, et hoc idem Robertus pro dicto domino rege 
offert verificare per patriam ; et predictus abbas per attomatum suum 
predictum similiter. Ideo dies datus est tarn predicto Roberto, qui 
pro domino rege sequitur, quam prefato abbati coram prefatis sene- 
scallo & marescallo die louis proxima post festum Exaltacionis 
sancte Crucis proximo tunc futuro ubicumque &c. infra virgam: et 
preceptum est prefinto marescallo quod non omittat propter aliquam 
libertatem quin venire faciat coram prefatis senescallo & marescallo xii 
liberos & legales homines de visneto de Shyfiforde in parochia de 
Bamptone per quos &c., et qui nee &&, ad recognoscendum &a, erga 
eundem diem louis : ad quem diem louis placita aule hospidi pre- 
dicti tenta apud Abyndone predictam coram prefatis senescallo & 
marescallo, prefatus Robertus qui pro domino rege sequitur in propria 
persona sua venit, predictusque abbas per attomatum suum predictum 
similiter venit, et prefatus marescallus retomauit nomina xii iuratorum 
de visneto predicto, qui venerunt, et super hoc prodamatio hie in 
curia solempniter facta fuit, si aliquis senescallus curie predicte aut 
attornatus ipsius regis eiusdem curie de premissis informare vellet^ 
veniret & audiretur, & nullus venit &c. : super quo capta fuit inde 
iurata per sacramentum lohannis Freman de Cote, Ricardi Fremantell, 
Ricardi Steuenys, Thome Orletone, Roberti Hyde, lohannis Sewger, 
Roberti Carpenter, Roberti Stoke, Willelmi I>any, Thome Uincent^ 
lohannis Parkyn & lohannis Hachet ; qui ad ueritatem de premissis 
dicendam electi, triati ft iurati dicunt super eorum sacramentum quod 
predictus abbas predictam ferybarge reparsu-e non debet neque de 
iure tenetur racione iuris ecdesie sue supradicte, et quod ipse abbas 
neque predecessores sui a tempore quo non exstat memoria predictam 
ferybarge reparare consueuerunt, neque de iure tenebantur racione 
iuris eomm ecdesie supradicte, prout pro dicto domino rege per pre- 
sentacionem predictam superius supponitur. Et super hoc idem 
abbas per attomatum suum predictum petit indicium suum. Ideo 
consideratum est quod predictus abbas eat inde sine die, saluo semper 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 189 

iure dicti domini regis in hac parte. In cuius rei testimonium sigillum 
officii curie marescalcie hospicii predicti tempore domini lohannis 
Tjrptoft militis, domini de Tiptofl & de Powys, senescalli hospitii pre- 
dicti, & tempore lohannis Westbury deputati sui eiusdem curie 
presentibus est appensum. Irrotulatur inter placita corone aule hospicii 
predicti anno regni ipsius regis H. sexti quarto, rotulo Lxxin.* 



739- 

[lojunctions given to E3msham Abbey by Bishop Gray.] 
E3mesham Iniuncdones.' 

Willelmus permissione diuina Lincolniensis episcopus dilectis filiis [1432.] 
abbati & conuentui monasterii de Eynesham ordinis sancti Benedict! 
nostrorum patronatus & diocesis salutem, graciam & benedicdonem. 
Super gregem dominicum &c., ut in Ramesey ' &c. 

In primis, ut signum signato corespondeat, volumus, iniungimus & 
mandamus ut regulam^ &c., ut prius in Ramesey. 

Item quod omnes veniant ad matutinas quaUbet nocte preter infir* 
roos & licenciatos per abbatem ex causa radonabili cognita ; quodque 
divinum obsequium debite dicatur de nocte & de die cum debita 
pausacione & debita deuodone. 

Item quod abbas & omnes monachi iaceant in dormitorio preter 
infirmos & nisi abbas alias legitime impediatur & quod ostia dormitorii 
statim claudantur ; quodque silencium seruetur locis et horis debitis & 
consuetis secundum regulam tam per senes quam per iuvenes 
monachos, & quod in hoc delinquentes acriter puniantur secundum 
ordinem regularem ; et quod nullus monachus exeat loca claustralia 
vel septa monasterii nisi de licencia abbatis & causa legitima cognita 
A: tum non absque maturo socio ft aliis honestis secularibus non 
9uspectis, qui perhibeant testimonium conuersacionis sue. 

Similiter quod nuUe mulieres ingrediantur' ecclesiam ad loquendum 
cum monachis, nee claustrum, refectorium vel infirmariam aut alia 
loca claustralia nisi de licencia abbatis A: causa cognita, preter 

' Harl. Rolls O. 30. It has a undated ; but from their tone we con«- 

circnlar seal, two inches in diameter : a dude that these iojnnctions were prior 

key, with the legend * Sigillnm offidi to the worst ootbreaks of the abbot, 
marescalcie d . . . ' ' i. e. the same preface was to be 

* From the Register of Bishop Gray, supplied as in the injunctions to Ramsey 

Mem. foL aoi. The injunctions by Abbey. 

the bishop to twenty or more of the ^ i. e. that the mle was to be read, 

religious houses in his diocese are given ' ' egrediantur/ MS. 

at the end of his register. They are 



I90 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

parentes et sorores monachorum, ita quod ipsi ueniant cum honesta 
comitiva. 

Item quod due partes conventus omni die seruent refectorium 
tempore refeccionis. 

Insuper iniungimus & mandamus quod ille due celle situate ad 
ostium camere abbatis omnino & penitus amoueantur. 

£t quod omnimodi prouentus maneriorum & ecclesiarum de Chorle- 
bury, Hystone & Mykeltone assignentur, reserventur & disponantur ad 
satisfaccionem debitonim monasterii & hoc per aduisamentum Thome 
Chaucer & lohannis Golafre. 

Item pro uberiori releuamine debitorum monasterii, quod decetero 
nullus monachus recipiat pro uestura ultra duas marcas annuatim 
quousque debita monasterii soluantiu-, & quod iste due marce soluantur 
in quatuor terminis annuatim absque omni dilacione quolibet monacho, 
cum alii duabus marcis contentantur.^ Insuper quod abbas faciat 
diligens scrutinium an aliqui monachi sint proprietarii ft hoc omni 
anno semel ad minus & quod singuli monachi plene ezhibeant abbati 
peculium suum, per abbatem requisiti, sub pena excommunicacionis. 

Similiter iniungimus & mandamus in virtute obediencie et sub pena 
contemptus ut habeatur unus instructor in primittiuis scienciis pro 
iuuenibus monachis, & quod prouideatur eisdem monachis de muta- 
toriis vestimentorum, hiis presertim qui non recipiunt pecunias pro 
vestitura. Modo consimili iniungimus et mandamus quod substituatur 
unus monachusc disretus qui dicitur magister nouicionim, qui super- 
uideat uestituram eorum et audiat eos in reddicione historianim 
suarum, et quod non excedat modum in castigando eos pro eorum 
defectibus. 

Item quod abbas diligenter inquirat de iocalibus et aliis bonis domus 
impignoratis & quod ea cum omni festinacione possibili ad domum 
reducat, quia in hiis abbas fuit hucusque nimis remissus. Preterea 
quod sigillum commune domus seruetur sub tribus vel quatuor clauibus, 
que sub custodia totidem monachorum per conventum ad hoc eligen- 
dorum remaneant & hoc sub penis inobedientie & contemptus, & quod 
nichil amplius sigilletur cum eo nisi de consensu maioris et sanioris 
partis conuentus. Item iniungimus & mandamus sub eisdem penis 
quod nulla corrodia, pensiones aut liberate ad certum tempus vel 
terminum vite aut in perpetuum nee firme ultra quinquennium con- 
cedantur, nee nemora, exceptis siluis ceduis & tum absque vasto, 
prostemantur, succidantur aut vendantur absque speciali licenda 
domini petita & obtenta. 

» * contentato,' MS. 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 191 

Item, quod abbas semel omni anno exhibeat statum domus omnibus 
fratribus in conuentu. 

Item, quod non teneantur exhibere aliquem monachum in studio 
Oxonie pro proximo quinquennio, quousque domus exoneretur ere 
alieno. 

Item, quod nulle fiant potaciones aut vigilie post completorium, sed 
quod statim ipso £nito omnes indififerenter petant dormitorium et 
incontinenti ostia claustri seris claudantur. 

Item, quod iUe frater Radulphus Dadjugtone qui in contemptum 
visitacionis, ordinacionum ft iniunccionum^ nostrarum huiusmodi apo- 
statando recessit de monasterio, non iterum admittatur nisi de hoc a 
nobis emanent littere spedales. Monemus igitur vos omnes & 
singulos quatinus has nostras iniuncdones, ordinaciones & mandata 
que pro reformadone religionis status domus vestre & morum degen- 
cium in eadem vobis destinamus & que in aliquo' loco patenti infra 
dormitorium vestrum ut pateant cuilibet intuenti affigi vdlumus ft 
mandamus, inuiolabiliter observetis. Datum ftc. 



740. 

Egnesham. Commissio ad inquirendum de iniuncdonibus 
ft defectibus.' 

Willelmus permissione divina Lincolniensis episcopus dilectis filiis Jan. aa, 
magistris Thome Warde decretorum doctori, officiali nostro Lincolni- HSi* 
ensi, ac Roberto Thwates in sacra theologia bacallario, necnon 
Willelmo Simon nostro in archidiaconatibus nostris Oxonie et Buck' 
commissario generali salutem, graciam ft benedictionem. Licet nos 
alias monasterium nostrum de Egnesham nostrorum patronatus et 
diocesis nostra ordinaria [auctoritate ^] actualiter visitaverimus ac 
nonnulla [stc\ iniuncciones et mandata licita et canonica pro certis ex- 
cessibus, criminibus, culpis ft delictis nobis in visitacione nostra huius- 
modi detectis et delatis abbati ft conuentui dicti nostri monasterii per 
eos sub certis penis et censuris obseruanda, eciam de eorum con- 
sensu et assensu, imposuerimus, iniunxerimus et mandaverimus ; pro 
parte tamen nedum abbatis, verura eciam prions et conuentus dicti 
monasterii nostri nobis extitit intimatum graviter cum querela quod et 
huiusmodi iniuncciones et mandata non obseruantur in aliquo, ymo 
rupto obediende freno et religionis tramite penitus obiecta contemp- 

' Probably yerbal injtinctions at the ' From Bishop Gray*s Roister, Mem. 

time of the visitation. fol. 1 1 1. 

* alio MS. * Omitted in MS. 



193 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

nuntur, obiciuntur et totaliter infringuntur; saper qolbos tarn pro parte 
died abbatis quam prions et conventus monasterii nostri antedicti nobis 
extitit humiliter et cum instancia multiplici supplicatum^ quatenus ad 
locum descendere & super premissis inquirere ac debitum nostri officii 
prout nobis iure ordinario et patronatus congruit exercere A: exequi 
dignaremur. Ne tamen et tarn insigne monasterium, multorum 
munifica manu et stmiptuosis expensis edificatum, dotatum et renoua- 
tum, desolacioni subiaceat, quod absit, nos igitur intensis desideriis 
affectantes religionem ubique infra nostram diocesim, potissime in 
monasterio que [stc\ peculiali quodam priuilegio plus pre ceteris nobis 
subfuit, florere ac ea que religionem maculare sarculo nostre correc- 
cionis eueUere & amputare, arduis tamen regis et regni negociis 
quominus infrascriptis vacare possimus, ut optamus, impediti, ad 
inquirendum in debita iuris forma super premissis omnibus & singulis 
et eorum circumstanciis uniuersis diebus et locis per vos assignandis, 
vocatis qui fuerint in hac parte euocandis, & quos in premissorum et 
eorum circumstanciarum aliquo reos inueneritis iuxta iuris exigendam 
ac regule sancti Benedicti formam, eciam si ad amodonem seu 
priuacionem aliquorum a dignitatibus, officiis vel administracionibus 
procedi contingat, corrigend[um] & canonice puniendum, ceteraque 
omnia et singula faciendum, exercendum et expediendum ac exequen- 
dum que in premissis necessaria fuerint, oportuna quomodolibet, vel 
requisita, vobis tam coniunctim quam diuisim, de quorum fidelitatibus 
et circumspectionum industriis plene in domino confidimus, vices 
nostras committimus, mandantes quatinus vos de omni eo quod 
inueneritis et feceritis nos, ipsis expeditis, distincte ft aperte certificetis 
vestris litteris patentibus. Dat* apud Toucestriam xxii die lanuarii 
anno Domini mccccxxxii<^ et nostre consecrationis anno secundo. 



741- 

[The scheme of the monks for pa3dng their debts.] ^ 

Jan. 6, Willelmus permissione diuina Lincolniensis episcopus dilectis filiis 
'4dt* abbati & conuentul monasterii nostri de Egnesham, ordinis sancti 
Benedicti, nostrarum \sic] patronatus & diocesis, salutem, graciam & 
benedictionem. Certa relacione didicimus quod vos de aduisamento 
et deliberacione matura consilii vestri, tractatibus capitularibus super 
hiis pluries preuiis, pro bono regimine dicti nostri monasterii in 
temporalibus eiusdem & pro republica ipsius & vestrum omnium 

* From Gra/s Register, Mem. foLi53. 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 193 

vestronimque successorum procuiunda, dummodo nostra auctoritas 
& consensus interueniant in hac parte, certas ordinadones, prouisiones 
A: appunctuamenta usque dum dictum nostrum monasterium ab onere 
eris alieni quo grauiter opprimitur releuetur & ad pinguiorem fortunam 
deo opulante reducatur, prout in cedula presentibus annexa descri- 
buntur, concorditer statuistis et ordinastis ; cuius cedule tenor sequitur 
et est talis : — videlicet assignatur abbati de exitibus manerii de Mykel- 
ton per annum pro se et suis familiaribus preter esculenta & poculenta 
xiii libras vi s. viii d. ; item assignatur conuentui eiusdem loci de 
exitibus eiusdem manerii una cum vadiis, de concilio eiusdem domus, 
li libras vi s. viii d. ; item manerium et dominium de Egnesham assig- 
natur ut pro expensis coquine et aliorum pertinencium ad domicilium, 
Ix libre ; item assignatur manerium de Chorlebery pro stipendiar[ia] 
seruiencium per annum, que extendit ad xl libras; item assignatur 
pro reparacionibus per annum ut estimatur xl libras ; item assignatur 
pro diuersis expensis forinsecis per annum per estimacionem xx li. ; 
item assignatur pro pensionibus tam ianitori regis quam aliis, ut in 
corrodiis suis, vi li. xiii s. iiii d. ; item assignatur pro expensis tempore 
fenicionis & autumpni xxvi li. xiii s. iiii d. ; summa totalis assignatur 
cclviii li. ; et sic restat de claro ad soluendum debita domus per annum 
cxxxi li. xix s. iii d.. Super quo nobis humiliter supplicastis ut ea sic 
per uos et inter uos voto concordi statuta & ordinata nostra auctoritate 
autorizare, ratificare & stabilire dignaremur. Nos igitur qui cure A: 
solicitudini omnium ecclesiarum nostre diocesis regularium & secu- 
larium nostre iurisdiccioni immediate subiectarum, deo permittente, 
presidemus, in votis gerentes ut ecclesie huiusmodi et plebes, presertim 
iUe que peculiali privilegio nobis sunt subdite & subiecte, in spiritua- 
libus & temporalibus salubriter pro nostris viribus dirigantur, omnia & 
singula sic per vos et inter vos concorditer statuta & ordinata, habita 
primitus per nos super eis deliberacione sufficiente & matura, auctori- 
tate nostra auctorizamus, ratificamus et stabilimus et ea dehinc usque 
ad finem quinquennii in suo robore persistere decemimus et ordinamus. 
Preterea ut omnis occasio euagandi et dictum monasterium nostrum 
indebitis expensis aut ere alieno amplius grauandi penitus tollatur, 
volumus et ordinamus iure et auctoritate nostra ut communi vestrum 
consensu et assensu deputetur secularis unus circumspectus et discretus 
qui, et nullus alius, sumptibus monasterii omnia et singula comoda, 
prouentus, redditus, firmas, pensiones et cetera monasterii emolumenta 
colligat, exigat A: leuet, ac collecta fratribus Thome Eynesbam priori, 
et lohanni Qujnytone monacho died monasterii per tallia siue inden- 
turas liberet in unam cistam communem duas diuersarum formarum 
claues habentem, quarum unam dictus prior et dictus lohannes aliam 
n o 



394 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

habeant, reponenda, et quod died fratres Thomas & lohannes resolu- 
ciones iuxta formam ordinacionum, prouisionum et appunctuamen- 
torum predictonim prout opus fiierit faciant, residuum quod ultra 
resoluciones huiusmodi supererit in exon^racionem eris alieni predict! 
monasterii iuxta nostrum arbitrium conuertendum iideliter conser- 
uando; quodque de quothidianis expensis in conuentu faciendis in fine 
cuiuslibet septimane quatuor de senioribus ad hoc omnium consensu 
electi vel ad minus duo electorum huiusmodi compotum administra- 
tor[um] audiant & superuideant ac aUocanda allocent et qui uiderint 
non allocanda disallocent. Vobis igitur abbati in virtute obediencie 
& sub pena privacionis & finalis amocionis vestre a statu & dignitate 
vestra abbaciali, singulisque vestrum de conuentu sub pena incarcera- 
cionis & excommunicacionis maioris, quam in singulares personas 
vestras si hiis mandatis nostris debito non parueritis cum effectu 
intendimus liilminare, iniungimus et mandamus quatinus omnia & 
singula huiusmodi ordinaciones, prouisiones et appunctuamenta sic 
per uos et inter vos concorditer, ut prefertur, statuta et ordinata ac 
per nos auctorizata & confirmata & stabilita, necnon voluntatem et 
ordinacionem nostras predictas, inuiolabiliter penitus obseruetis usque 
ad tempus per nos superius prefinitum, sicque obseruet vestrum 
quilibet, ne (quod absit) causam habeamus contra vos vel aliquem 
vestrum occasione non obseruacionis premissorum in aliquo pro- 
cedendi. Intimamus insuper vobis & vestrum cuilibet per presentes 
quod nos contra premissa non obseruantem ad execudonem penarum 
predictarum prout eum concemunt acrius quo [sic] de iure possumus 
canonice procedemus. Dat' sub sigillo nostro ad causas, Londoniis^ 
vi die lanuarii anno Domini iiccccxxxm et nostre consecrationis 
tercio. 

742. 

Egnesham. Commissio ad inquirendum de defectibus 
abbatis & conventus monasterii de Egnsham.^ 

June 7, Willelmus permissione divina Lincolniensis episcopus dilecto filio 
H34* magistro Roberto Thomtone, in legibus licenciato, salutem, graciam 
% & benedictionem. Visitantes iamdudum iure et auctoritate nostra 
ordinaria monasterium nostrum de Egnesham ordinis sancti Benedicti 
nostrorum patronatus et diocesis tam in capite quam in membris 
eiusdem ac super statu & regimine ipsius monasterii tam in spiritua* 
libus quam temporalibus singulariumque personarum eiusdem uita, 

* Gxmj*! Roister, Mem. foL iffi* 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 195 

moribus et conuersacionc, prout nobis ex officii nostri debito in- 
cumbebat sollicite inquirentes, quia per inquisiciones buiusmodi 
reperiebamus euidenter nonnulla vetita & sacre religioni contraria 
inibi absque pudore committi, certa iniuncciones, ordinaciones et 
mandata nostra licita et canonica pro salubriori regimine dicti monas- 
terii ac abbatis et conuentus eiusdem fecimus eisdem, quorum tenores 
in cedula presentibus annexa continentur, easque & ea sub sigillo 
nostro prefatis abbati & conuentui transmisimus, per eos sub certis 
penis in litteris nostris eisdem abbati et conuentui super hoc directis 
et liberatis et per eos admissis et receptis, ad quas nos referimus, et 
quatenus expediat pro hie insertis haberi volumus, plenius expres- 
satiSi penitus obseruanda. Subsequenter veto ad ipsonun abbatis et 
conuentus supplicaciones et instancias humiles et rogatus, certas 
ordinaciones et prouisiones ac appunctuamenta per eosdem abbatem 
et conuentum de aduisamento et deliberacione matura consilii sui, 
tractatibus capitularibus super hiis inter eos pluries preuiis, pro bono 
regimine ipsius monasterii in temi>oralibus concorditer statuta et 
ordinata nostra auctoritate auctorizauimus, ratificauimus et stabiliui- 
mus et ea usque ad certum tempus in litteris nostris ipsis abbati & 
conuentui super hoc directis prefinitum in suo robore persistere decre- 
uimus et ordinauimus, ipsis abbati et singularibus personis dicti 
monasterii nostri sub certis penis iniungendo ut huiusmodi ordina- 
ciones, prouisiones et appunctuamenta usque ad tempus huiusmodi 
prefinitum penitus et inuiolabiliter obseruarent Verumtamen fama 
publica referente & clamosa insinuacione que tergiuersacione aliqua 
celari non potest, ad aures nostras, quod dolenter referimus, nuperime 
peruenit, quod dicti abbas & conuentus freno obediencie & pudicitie 
habenis lazatis, ad prioris uite sue luxum & vomitum, ut canes indo- 
miti, reuertentes ac inobediencie et contemptus pemiciem resilientes 
huiusmodi iniuncciones, ordinaciones et mandata nostra, quin eciam 
ordinaciones, provisiones et appunctuamenta sua per nos auctorizata, 
ratificata, et stabilita quasi pro ridiculo et ludibrio tenentes, eas aut ea 
seu eorum aliquod obseruare penitus et omnino contemptibiliter & 
dirisorie omiserunt & omittunt arroganter de presenti, penas predictas 
intrepide incurrendo in suarum graue periculum animarum, aliorum 
pemiciosum exemplum, nostrique & iurisdiccionis nostre episcopalis & 
ordinarie contemptum, vilipendium manifesta. Volentes igitur super 
premissis plenius informari disposuimus nos descendere ut videremus 
si clamor operecompleretur; regis tamen et regnorum suorum negociis 
uniuersalisque ecclesie republica procuranda quominus hiis intendere 
valeamus notorie impediti, ad inquirendum super premissis omnibus 
et singulis et eorum circumstanciis uniuersis, vocatis ad hoc ipsis 

o 2 



^96 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

abbate et conventu in specie et ceteris omnibos quomm interest in 
genere, necnon eundem abbatem et singulares personas conuentus 
dicti monasterii, eorum interposito super hoc si ezpediat iuramento, 
matur[ius] et diligencios, eciam articulatimy ezaminandum, ceteraque 
omnia et singula faciendum, exercendum & expediendum cum onmibus 
& singulis emergentibus, dependentibus, inddentibus & connexis in 
premissis & eorum quolibet necessaria et oportnna, vobis de cuius 
fidelitate & drcumspecdonis industria plene in domino coniidimus, 
vices nostras comroittimus per presentes, cum cuiuslibet cohercionis et 
execucionis canonice potestate, mandantes quatinus de omni eo quod 
feceritis in premissis, ipsis expeditis, distincte & aperte certificetis 
litteris vestris patentibus & clausis harum seriem et totum factum 
vestrum plenius continentibus auctentice sigiUatis. Dat* sub sigiUo 
nostro ad causas in hospicio nostro apud vetus Templum Londoniis 
vii die mensis lunii anno Domini Hccccxxxnn, et nostre translacionis 
anno quarto. 



743. 

Citacio abbatis et conventus monasterii de Egnesham. 

[March, Willelmus permissione divina Lincolniensis episcopus dilectis filiis 
1435.^] magistris WiUelmo Sjmond nostro in archidiaconatibus nostris 
Oxonie & Buk* commissario generali, Thome Woiler rectori ecclesie 
parochialis sancti Petri in Ballio Oxonie, Stephano Braywell notario 
publico ac decano de Wodestoke nostre diocesis, salutem, gradam 
& benedictionem. Visitantes iamdudum monasterium nostrum de 
Egnesham ordinis sancti Benedicti nostrorum patronatus et diocesis 
tam in capite quam in membris & super statu singularum personarum 
eiusdem ac regimine ipsius monasterii in spiritualibus et temporalibus 
prout nostro incumbit offido pastoral! soUicite inquirentes, certas 
iniuncciones et ordinaciones ac mandata nostra salubria, legitima et 
canonica pro reformandis excessibus ac religione inibi prosperanda, 
et' communi utilitate ipsius monasterii, fratri Thome Oxonford 
abbati & conuentui lod illius fecimus & transmisimus per ipsorum 
singulos sub certis penis & censuris inuiolabiliter.pbseruanda ; et sub- 
sequenter ad ipsorum abbatis & conuentus supplicationes humiles & 
rogatus certas ordinaciones, prouisiones & appunctuamenta per ipsos 

^ The document is undated, bat iti position in the R^^ster luggests this date. 

* nee Ma 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES igi 

abbatem & conuentum de aduisamento & deliberacione matura 
consilii sal, tractatibus capitularibus super hiis inter eos pluries preuiis, 
pro uberiori regimine ipsius monasterii in temporalibus concorditer 
statuta & ordinata nostra auctoritate auctorizauimus, ratificauimus & 
stabiliuimus, & ea usque ad certum tempus in hac parte prefinitum 
in suo robore persistere decreuimus & ordinauimus, ipsis abbati & 
singularibus personis diet! conuentus sub certis penis & censuris 
iniungentes ut huiusmodi ordinacibn'es, prouisiones & appunctuamenta 
usque in tempus huiusmodi prefinitum penitus & inuiolabiliter sub aliis 
certis penis obseruarent, prout hec omnia in certis litteris eisdem abbati 
& conuentui super hiis directis & liberatis per eos receptis, ad quas 
nos referimus & quatenus expedit haberi volumus pro hie insertis, 
continentur ; verum quia fama publica referente & clamosa insinuacione 
precedente ad nostras aures peruenit quod dicti abbas & conuentus 
iniuncciones, ordinaciones & mandata nostra predicta aut ordinaciones, 
prouisiones & appunctuamenta huiusmodi seruare in aliquo non 
curarunt sed pocius contemptabiliter & derisorie distulerunt, penas 
& censuras antedictas notorie incurrendo, ut uideremus igitur s| clamor 
huiusmodi opere compleatur, super premissis omnibus & singulis in 
forma iuris debita fecimus inquiri, et quia tarn per confessiones ipsius 
abbatis in inquisidone huiusmodi emissas quam alia comperta & 
inuenta in eadem repertum est premissa veritate fulciri, quodque idem 
abbas nonnulla alia grauia enormia & detestabilia ac sacre religioni & 
bonis moribus contraria, utpote adulteria, fornicaciones, incestus & 
stupra dtra visitadonem nostram huiusmodi grauiter & quam publice 
in oculis omnium commisisse, iddrco non valentes ea conniuentibus 
oculis Sana consciencia preterire incorrecta, vobis &c., quatinus &c^ 
citetis &c. prefatum fratrem Thomam abbatem necnon &c., quod com- 
pareant & eorum quilibet compareat personaliter coram nobis, prefatus 
videlicet frater Thomas abbas causam racionabilem, si quam habeat 
aut dicere sciat, quare in penas & censuras huiusmodi occasione 
premissorum iuxta confessiones suas &, inuenta & comperta in dicta 
inquisitione incidisse pronunciari non debeat, in forma iuris propo- 
siturus, necnon idem frater Thomas abbas ac dicte A., B„ & C. super 
grauibus criminibus adulterii, fornicacionis & incestus inter eos 
prefateque C, D., & B. super grauibus criminibus adulterii, incestus 
& fomicacione cum domino Henrico Norwych, vicario ecclesie de 
Egnesham predicta, necnon predicta A. & £. super crimine lenocinii 
inter dictos abbatem & muUeres ut dicitur commissi, eis & eorum 
cuilibet diuisim ut prefertur ex officio nostro mero &c. ; terminum vero 
huiusmodi peremptonum ac causam personalis eorum comparicionis 
termino ft loco antedictis propter grauia animarum suarum immi- 



198 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

nentia pericula ac alias causas legitimas nos in hac parte mouentes 
sic duzimus assignandum & exprimendam. £t quid &c., dicds die A: 
loco, remissis presentibos, ceitificet sub sigiUo autentico ille vestnim 
qui presens mandatum nostrum receperit ezequendum. Dat Bcc} 



744 

[The abbot grants to the convent, the profits of the rectory 

of Combe.]' 

Oct. ao, Uniucrsis [&c.] Thomas permissione diuina abbas monasterii de 
<4i3* Eynesham ordinis sancti Benedicti Lincolniensis diocesis salutem [&c]. 
Cum iustum sit & consonum radoni in vinea domini laborantibus 
pondusque diei & estus portantibus ne in via deficiant de necessariis 
vite presentis providere ; nos vero Thomas abbas predictus necessi- 
tatibus conuentus monasterii nostri de Eynesham in quantum pos- 
sumus subuenire volentes & affectantes, prout de iure tenemur, pro 
salute anime nostre & uberiori sustentacione predicti nostri con- 
uentus ex unanimi consensu & assensu prefati conuentus nostri, 
prehabito super hiis cum eodem tractatu diligenti, pro euidenti & 
necessaria ipsius monasterii utilitate, ecdesiam parochialem de Combe 
dicte Lincolniensis diocesis quam prefato monasterio nostro nuper 
procurauimus & fecimus legitime appropriari, incorporari pariter & 
uniri cum omnibus suis iuribus, fructibus, redditibus, prouentibus, 
obuentibus & pertinendis uniuersis prefato conuentui ac suis dis- 
posicioni & usibus necessariis post datam presencium remanendam, 
ac ab eodem conuentu k illius successoribus perpetuo possidendam 
concedimus, assignamus, deputamus pariter & ordinamus ; ita tamen 
quod administracio tota predicte ecclesie de Combe cimi omnibus 
oneribus, ordinariis & extraordinariis, eidem ecclesie incumbentibus, 
dicto conuentui remaneat in solidum, necnon ad ipsum pertineat in 
omne tempus futuram. £t nos conuentus memoratus, exigentibus 
utilitate & necessitate nostra ft monasterii predicti, assignacioni, 
concession! & ordinacioni nostrum tractatu debito super hiis pre- 
buimus & prebemus consensum unanimiter & assensum. In cuius 

^ Bishop Graj't Register, Mem. fol. thanks are dae to the Rector, and 

f 68. espedallj to the Bursar of the College, 

' This and the next fourteen deeds, who made it possible to transcribe 

concerning the church of Combe, are them, 
presenred at Lincoln College. Many 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 199 

[&c. sealing]. Dat' apud Eynesham vicesimo die mensis Octobiis 
anno domini millesimo cccc decimo tercio.^ 



745. 

[The abbey grants to the vicar of Combe a lease of the 
rectorial tithes.] 

Hec indentura facta inter dominum lohannem Quenyngtone Mar. 95, 
abbatem monasterii beate Marie de Egnesham & eiusdem loci con- '44^' 
. uentum proprietarios ecclesie parochialis de Longecombe in comitatu 
Oxonie ex una parte & dominum Walterum Bretfortone uicarium 
perpetuum predicte ecclesie de Longecombe ex altera parte testatur 
quod dicti abbas et conuentus concesserunt, tradiderunt et ad iirmam 
dimiserunt prefato domino Waltero ecclesiam suam predictam simul 
cum rectoria eiusdem ecclesie cum omnibus fructibus, oblacionibus 
et aliis prouentibus et commoditatibus quibuscumque eisdem ecclesie & 
rectorie spectantibus, habendam & tenendam prefato domino Waltero 
a die confeccionis presencium usque ad terminiun viginti annorum, 
si tam diu vixerit, reddendo inde annuatim prefato abbati & suc- 
cessoribus suis in primis duobus annis sex marcas, tercio anno septem 
marcas, ceteris vero annis sequentibus decem marcas, soluendas ad 
festa Annunciacionis beate Marie Virginis et sancti Michaelis arch- 
angeli per equales porciones. £t predictus Walterus omnia onera 
tam ordinaria quam extraordinaria eisdem ecclesie & rectorie medio 
tempore incimibencia cum omnibus suis iuribus et consuetudinibus 
persoluet et supportabit ac omnes domos dicte rectorie et cancelle 
[szc] ecclesie predicte sumptibus suis propriis et expensis reparabit, 
sustentabit et manutenebit ac eas in adeo bono statu vel meiiori quo 
eas receperit in fine died termini sursum reddet & dimittet [The 
abbey may distrain for the payment] In cuius [&c. sealing], hiis 
testibus, magistro Stephano Dillowe, magistro Ricardo Combe, 
rectore de Hanburghe, Thoma Houkyn et aliis. Dat' in festo 
Annunciacionis beate Marie Virginis anno regni regis Henrici sexti 
post conquestum Anglie vicesimo quarto. 



' With two seals, the one Is the centre, a sword on the right, keys on 
abbey seal, as used on later deeds; the the left ; legend s. thomb . . . abb*is 
other, a inches bj i }, has a figure in the de eynesham. 



200 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

746. 

[An instmctioii from the archbishop of Canterbury to hold 
an hiqttiry about the proposed consolidation of the 
vicarage and rectory of Combe.] 

May 10, lohannes permissione diuina Canttiariensis archiepiscopos tocius 
1451- Anglie primas & apostolice sedls legatus ad quern omnis & omnunoda 
iurisdiccio spiritualis & ecclesiastica episcopatus LincolniensiSy ad 
episcopum pertinens sede plena, eadem ibidem mode uacante notorie 
dinoscitur pertinere, dilecto nobis in Christo magistro Hugoni Sugar 
legum doctori salutem [&c.]. £x parte uenerabilium et religiosorum 
uirorum, dominorum abbatis & conuentus monasterii beate Marie de 
Egnesham ordinis sancti Benedicti Lincolniensis diocesis proprie- 
tarionim ecclesie parochialis de Longecombe eiusdem diocesis, ac 
domini Walteri Bretfortone uicarii perpetui eiusdem ecclesie nobis 
extitit humiliter supplicando monstratum quod cum fructus, decime, 
oblaciones, prouentus & emolumenta alia quecunque ecclesie paro- 
chialis predicte & ad eandem qualitercunque pertinencia propter 
raritatem parochianorum eiusdem, sterilitatem terrarum & defectum 
culture earundem, colocorum paucitatem ac seruiencium excessiua 
stipendia, peslilenciasque & nouas imposiciones ac alios nonnullos 
casus fortuitos plus solito ingruentes adeo decreuerint & diminuta 
existant quod hiis diebus porcionem congruam eiusdem ecclesie 
vicario ad ipsius sustentacionem & onerum tam de iure communi 
quam ex constitucionibus prouincialibus legitime editis & rite publi- 
catis debite eidem incumbencium supportacionem in multo non 
excedant, quatinus ex causis premissis prefatam ecclesiam & vicariam, 
quibus dicti abbas & conuentus ac predictus dominus Walterus 
intitulati existunt, consolidare et reintegrare dignaremur* Nos igitur 
ipsorum supplicationibus inclinati, ad inquirendum de & super pre- 
missis dictamque ecclesiam parochialem & ipsius vicariam perpetuam 
legittime & canonice consolidandam, ipsamque ecclesiam dictis abbati 
& conuentui pensionariam constituendam & ordinandam, & pensionem 
de fructibus eiusdem ecclesie eisdem abbati & conuentui arbitrio 
vestro limitandam & assignandam, ac quibuscumque interesse in hac 
parte habentibus de eorum indempnitate prouidendxun, ordinacio- 
nesque & statuta necessaria & penas circa premissa facienda, conce- 
denda, edenda & vallari facienda, ceteraque omnia ft singula in hac 
parte requisita seu quomodolibet necessaria facienda, exercenda & 
expedienda, vobis de cuius fidelitate & industria in hiis & aliis iiduciam 
gerimus, conunittimus vices nostras & plenam domino potestatenu 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 201 

Datum in manerio nostro de Lamehithe decimo die mensis Maii anno 
domini mcccc quinqtiagesimo primo et nostre translacionis ' anno 
octauo. 



747. 

[The church of Combe is to be consolidated and to pay 
13 8. 4 d. a year to Eynsham Abbey.] 

Uniuersis [&c.] Hugo Sugar legum doctor, reuerendissimi in Christo May 16, 
patris et domini, domini lohannis dei gracia Cantuariensis archiepi- '^5^* 
scopi [&C.], commissarius in hac parte sufficienter & legitime deputatus, 
salutem [&c.]. Litteras commissionis diet! reuerendissimi patris per 
partem venerabilium & religiosorum virorum abbatis & conuentus 
monasterii beate Marie de Egnesham ordinis sancti Benedicti Lin- 
colniensis diocesis proprietariorum ecclesie parochialis de Longecombe 
ac domini Walteri Bretfortone vicarii perpetui eiusdem ecclesie nobis 
in capella de Tateryche ab ecclesia de Hatfeld dicte diocesis depen- 
denti presentatas recepimus cum ea que decuit reuerencia ft honore, 
tenorem continentes infrascriptum : — lohannes [&c. as in the last 
deed] . . . octauo. Post quarum quidem litterarum recepdonem 
fuimus per partem abbatis ft conuentus proprietariorum ft domini 
Walteri vicarii predictorum cum instancia debita requisiti ut onus 
execucionis commissionis predicte in nos assumere ft ad earum 
cxecucionem procedere curaremus. Nos igitur Hugo commissarius 
antedictus requisicioni huiusmodi tanquam racioni congrue fauora- 
biliter annuentes, volentes mandatis dicti reuerendissimi patris obedire 
ut tenemur, de ft super contentis et suggestis in commissione predicta 
inquiri fecimus diligenter et per inquisicionem per nos in hac parte 
&u:tam et alia legitima documenta comperimus manifeste premissa 
dicto reuerendissimo patri in hac parte suggesta fore vera, et partibus 
prefatorum abbatis et conuentus ft monasterii de Egnesham ac vicarii 
ecclesie parochialis predicte coram nobis commissario predicto suffi- 
cienter ft legittime comparentibus ac pronundacionem nostram de ft 
super premissis interponi et predicte ecclesie vicariam eidem ecclesie 
consolidari et redintegrari instanter postulantibus, prefatam vicariam 
eidem ecclesie parochiali de Longcombe, seruatis in hac parte de iure 
seruandis, consolidandam et redintegrandam esse ac ipsam ecdesiam 
parochialem sic consolidatam et redintegratam, de consensu expresso 
dicti domini Walteri vicarii, prefatis abbati ft conuentui pensionariam 
fore decemimus, ipsamque vicariam dicte ecclesie parochiali consoli- 
damus et redintegramus, necnon prefatam ecclesiam dictis abbati ft 



2oa CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

conuentui pensionariam constituimus et ordinauimus per hanc nostram 
sentenciam siue decretum, quam seu quod in hac parte tulimus et pro- 
mulgammus in hunc modum : — In dei nomine, Amen. Auditis plenius 
et intellectis ac discussis per nos Hugonem Sugar legum doctorem 
reuerendissimi in Christo patris & domini, domini lohannis dei gracia 
Cantuariensis archiepiscopi, todus Anglie primatis & apostolice sedis 
legati, commissarium ad infrascripta suffidenter & kgitime deputatum 
meritis & circumstanciis negocii consolidacionis & redintegracionis 
ecdede parochialis de Longecombe Lincolniensis diocesis, seruatis 
primitus in hac parte de iure seruandis, de consensu, voluntate et 
petidone expressis venerabilium virorum abbatis & conuentus mona- 
sterii de Egnesham proprietariorum et patronorum ecclesie parochialis 
predicte ac domini Walteri Bretfortone vicarii perpetui antedicti, prefate 
ecclesie parochialis vicariam eidem ecclesie parochial! auctoritate dicti 
reuerendissimi patris nobis in hac parte commissa consolidamus & 
redintegramus et eandem ecclesiam per unum dumtaxat rectorem in 
posterum canonice instituendum in eadem perpetuis futuris temporibus 
gubemandam statuimus amodo & regendam. Volentesque ulterius 
necessitatibus abbatis &, conuentus dicti monaster! [et^] causis propter 
quas dicta ecclesia extitit appropriata in parte subuenire, predictam 
ecdesiam de expresso consensu d: voluntate prefati domini Walteri 
vicarii pensionariam ordinamus ac constituimus censualem, onerantes 
eandem ecclesiam et ipsius rectorem quemcunque in futurum annua 
pensione xii! s. iii! d. prefatis abbati ft conuentui et eorum successoribus 
in monasterio de Egnesham predicta singulis annis in perpetuum in 
festo sancti Michaelis archangel! iideliter persoluenda ; statuentes et 
decementes rectorem dicte ecclesie quemcunque si in solucione pen- 
sionis predicte defecerit in termino superius limitato penam incurrere 
xl solidorum, cuius pene mediam partem prefatis abbati et conuentui, 
aliam uero partem fabrice ecdesie Lincolniensis volumus ft decemimus 
applicari; ac quod quilibet ad prefatam ecclesiam amodo presentandus 
et in rectorem eiusdem instituendus de fideliter soluendo dictam 
annuam pendonem tempore admissionis sue corporale prestet iura- 
mentum, de quo in litteris super institutione sua confeclis fiat mentio 
specialis, iuribus ecclesie cathedralis Lincolniensis ac eciam iure 
patronatus ecclesie parochialis predicte necnon inhabitand! dictam 
rectoriam et mansum eiusdem per mensem singulis annis perpetuis 
futuris temporibus suis sumptibus ft expensis prefatis abbati ft con- 
uentui in omnibus semper saluis, premissaque omnia ft singula modo 
et forma premissis recitata pronunciamus, decemimus et defilnimus 

^ omitted in MS. 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 203 

perpetuis futuris temporibus inuiolabiliter obseraari per banc nostram 
sentenciam siue decrettun, qaam seu <iuod fecimus et promulgauimus 
in hiis scriptis. In quorum omnium fidem. et testimoniimi has litteras 
nostras et presentem nostrum processum per magistrum Robertum 
Kent, notarium publicum scribam nostrum in hac parte assumptum, 
subscribi ac sigillum officii archidiaconi Londoniensis quo in presenti 
fungimur duximus presentibus apponendum. Data et acta anno 
domini millesimo quadringentesimo quinquagesimo primo indictione 
quartadecima, pontificatus sanctissimi in Christo patris ft domini 
nostri, domini Nicholai diuina prouidencia pape quinti anno quinto 
mense Maii die terciadecima in capella de Tateryche Lincolniensis 
diocesis ad instanciam et petidonem parcium predictarum. Et ego 
Walterus Bretfortone vicarius predictus in ^ perpetuam rei memoriam 
mei consensus in hac parte, quia sigillum meum quampluribus est 
incognitum, sigillum venerabilis viri domini archidiaconi Sudburye in 
ecclesia Norwicensi in duitate Londoniarum residentis hiis apponi 
procuraui. £t nos archidiaconus antedictus ad personalem et specialem 
rogatum dicti domini Walteri vicarii sigillum nostrum presentibus appo- 
suimus. Data Londoniis xvi die dicti mensis Maii, anno domini supra- 
dicto. £t nos dicti abbas et conuentus dicti monasterii beate Marie de 
Egnesham proprietarii et patroni ecdesie parochialis de Longecombe 
predicta in testimonium & maiorem fidem nostri consensus in premissis 
ac corroboracionem sigillum nostrum commune presentibus apposui- 
mus. Data in domo nostra capitulari vicesimo quarto die mensis pre- 
dicti anno domini supradicti. [There follows a notarial attestation bj 
' Robertus Kent in legibus bacallarius, Cantuariensis diocesis, publicus 
auctoritate apostolica ft imperiali notarius.'] ' 



748. 

[A deed of John, bishop of Lincoln, issued at Oxford, June ao, June 90, 
1464, in the 14th year of Ms consecration, confirming the consolida- 1464* 
tion of the church of Longcombe, as authorized by the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, to whom the matter pertained during the vacancy of the 
see of Lincoln].* 

^ com, MS. by I, an angel in a niche with a 

' Fonr sealt are attached: on the half length ftgnre below *sigillvm 

left the seal of Eyniham, a large pointed officialis arch*i lomdonV The 

oral: Legend, *sigillvm ecclbssib fonrth, mnch the lame devise, is a| 

SCS TRINrTAT* SCE MARIE [ST APLOR'] tnches bj I j * SIGILLV CLBMBNTIS 
PET* ET PAVLI EGNESHAM.' Next is DENTOVN ARCH'l SVDBVRIE.* 

the seal of the bishop of Lincoln. * This deed is attached to No. 747, 

The third is a pointed oval x| inches and the seal of the bishop of Lincoln 



904 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 



749- 

Sept 37, [A notarial attestation, issued by John Jevanne, of the diocese of 
^S9- Menevia, notary by apostolic authority, Sept 27, 1459, in a chamber 
within the limits of the College of All Souls, Oxford, asserting that* 
Walter Bretfortone, rector of Longcombe, had produced before him 
certain letters of consolidation, sealed with three seals: 'insuper 
asseruit quod propter hostium latronumve incursum ac alios casus 
inopinatos qui ex ipsarum delacione verisimiliter eueniri possint, noluit 
nee audebat dictas litteras originales alicui extra eius manus tradere 
seu liberare ; quapropter me notarium infrascriptum speciaUter requi- 
siuit ut dictas litteras diligenter inspicerem et inspectas transcriberem, 
ut eidero transcripto sicut originalibus adhiberetur plena fides, quarum 
quidem litterarum tenor sequitur in hits verbis :— Uniuersis/ &a [as 
above] ; ' presentibus tunc ibidem venerabilibus viris magistris Thoma 
Flppis & lohanne Parkequyner, ardum magistris, Wigomiensis A: 
Heifordensis diocesum, testibus ad premissa vocatis spedaliter et 
rogati&'] 

750. 

May ao, [A deed of * Leonellus Widevile, archidiaconus Oxonie,' appointing 
^'^^' 'magistros Nicholaum Longtone, Willelmum Cunstable, in decretis 
baccallarium et lohannem Emlyn, curie Cantuariensis procuratorem 
generalem,' to be his proxies {procuraiores) before Thomas, bishop of 
Lincoln, in the matter of uniting, annexing, and appropriating the 
parochial church of St. Laurence of Longcombe to the rector or 
warden and scholars of the college of St Mary and All Saints of 
Lincoln in the University of Oxford. Dated at Oxford, May 20, 
M75]. 

751. 

Mayao, [A similar deed, issued at Eynsham, May 20, 1475, by which 
>475« William, abbot of Eynsham, appoints * magistrum Willelmum Goodyer, 
legum doctorem, et Walterum Castell*, monachum et sacerdotem 
monasterii predicti,' to be his proxies in the same matter]. 

OD thmt deed was added when he issaed 1459 the deed of coosolldatioii had 
this confinnatioo. Hence in Charter three, not four, sods. 
749 it is rightly stated that in the year 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 305 

752. 

[Charter of appropriation by Bp. Rotherham of the churches of Nov. 90, 
Twyford and Longcombe to Lincoln College. Nov. 20, 1478]. ^7^. 

753. 

[Indenture whereby the Rector ft Fellows of Lincoln College bind Dec. 21, 
themselves to pay 3/4 yearly to the chapter of Lincoln in acknow- ^478. 
ledgement of the subjection of those churches to that see. Dec. 21, 
1478.] 

754. 

[A deed by which 'Georgius Strangwayse in theologia bacha- jtmeio, 
larius/ rector of Lincoln College, and the fellows and scholars, H^S- 
' proprietarii ecclesie parochialis de Longcombe/ appoint ' magistrum 
Abel More in utroque iure bachalarium, magistrum Thomam 
Claybroke in legibus bachalarium, et magistrum Robertum Caxtone 
in legibus bachalarium ' to be their proxies in the matter of churches, 
chapels, portions or pensions which concern the College. Dated in 
the College chapel, June 10, 1483.] 

755. 

[The Abbey of Esmsham quitclaims to Lincoln College the 
church of Combe, and Stapulhalle and Plummershalle in 
Oxford.] 

Omnibus [&c.] Willelmus abbas monasterii beate Marie virginis Aug. 30, 
de Egnesham in comitatu Oxonie & eiusdem loci conuentus salutem. ^483* 
Cum aduocacio ecclesie parochialis de Longcombe in eodem comi- 
tatu & ecclesia ilia, que nuper fiiit de patronatu nostro in iure dicti 
monasterii, ex assensu & concessione nostris lohanni Tristhorp 
tunc rectori collegii Lincohi' beate Marie & Omnium Sanctorum in 
Oxonia & sociis eiusdem collegii unite, annexe & appropriate ex- 
titerint, habende & tenende eis & successoribus suis in proprios usus 
8UO8 imperpetuum; ac nos nuper dederimus & concesserimus duo 
mesuagia cum pertinenciis in Oxonia, unum videlicet vocatum 
Stapulhalle^ & alteram vocatum Plummershalle, habenda eis Sc suc- 

* Stapulhalle was on the east side of stood at what is now the north-east 
School St., opposite the entrance to comer of Jesus College. 
Brasenose College; Pliimmer*s halle 



306 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

cessoribus suis imperpetuum, licencia regia inde habita & optenta, 
prout in scripto illo plenius continetur : sciatis nos prefatos abbatem 
& conuentum unanimi assensu 4^ concensu nostris per presentes pre- 
dictum statum, possessionem, dtulmn & interesse Geoiigii Strangways 
nunc rectoris & sociorum collegii predict! in omnibus A: singulis 
premissis & eorum quolibet ratificasse, approbasse & confirmasse ac 
tam totum ius, titulum & interesse nostra que habemus seu habere 
poterimus in eisdem, quam omnes annuitates, pendones, porciones, et 
alias res quascunque quas habemus seu habere poterimus de vel in 
ecclesia predicta eisdem rectori & sociis et successoribus suis remi- 
sisse, relaxasse & quietum clamasse per presentes. In cuius [&c. sealing]. 
Dat' vicesimo die mensis Augusti anno regni regis Ricaidi tercii post 
conquestum Anglie primo. 



756. 

[Lincoln College agrees to pay Esmsham a pension of ^63.] 

Aug. 90, Omnibus [&c.] Georgius Strangways, rector collegii Lincoln' beate 
H^3- Marie Virginis & Omnium Sanctorum in Oxonia & socii eiusdem 
collegii salutem. Cum aduocacio ecclesie parochialis de Longcomb 
in comitatu Oxonie & eadem ecclesia que nuper fuit de patronatu 
Willelmi abbatis d: conuentus monasterii beate Marie de Egne^am 
in iure monasterii illius ex assensu & concessione eiusdem abbatis 
& conuentus monasterii illius nobis prefatis rectori & sociis unite, 
annexe & appropriate extiterint ; habende A: tenende nobis & succes- 
soribus nostris in proprios usus imperpetuum ; ac dicti abbas & con- 
uentus nobis dederint & concesserint duo messuagia cum pertinenciis 
in Oxonia predicta unum uocatum Stapulhalle d: alterum uocatum 
Plummershalle, habenda & tenenda nobis d: successoribus nostris 
imperpetuum, licencia regia inde habita & optenta ; dictique abbas & 
conuentus per scripta eorum ratificauerunt & confirmauerunt statum 
& possessionem nostram in premissis, ac totum ius, titulum & in- 
teresse sua in eisdem ac in omnibus annuitatibus, pencionibus & aliis 
rebus que tunc habuerunt de aut in ecclesia predicta relaxauerunt, 
prout in scriptis illis plenius continetur ; sciatis nos prefatos rectorem 
& socios unanimi assensu & consensu nostris pro premissis per pre- 
sentes concessisse pro nobis & successoribus nostris prefotis abbati 
A: conventui & eorum successoribus quandam annuitatem sexaginta 
solidorum, habendam & percipiendam eisdem abbati et conuentui 
& eorum successoribus de nobis & successoribus nostris imperpetuum 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 207 

ad festa Annunciacionis beate Marie Virginis & sancd Michaelis 
archangeli ; prouiso semper quod si infra quadraginta annos proximo 
futuros predicta aduocacio predicte ecclesie de Longcomb & predicta 
duo messuagia recuperata uel evicta fuerint extra possessionem pre- 
dictorum rectoris & sociorum uel successorum suorum absque eorum 
collusione uel assensu, radone alicuius tituli ante predictas appro- 
priaciones, donaciones & concessiones, inde ut prefertur facti & 
habiti, quod tunc solucio dicte annuitatis trium librarum a tempore 
huiusmodi recuperacionis uel euicdonis annuatim imperpetuum cesset. 
£t si infra eosdem quadraginta annos dicta aduocacio per se tantum 
uel predicta duo messuagia per se tantum sic ut prefertur recuperata 
vel euicta fuerit vel fuerint extra possessionem predictorum rectoris 
& sociorum suorum vel successorum suorum absque eorum collusione 
vel assensu radone alicuius tituli ante predictas appropriaciones, dona- 
ciones & concessiones inde ut prefertur facd & habiti, quod tunc 
solucio triginta solidorum, parcella annuitatis predicte a tempore 
huiusmodi recuperacionis vel euicdonis annuatim imperpetuum cesset, 
& extunc summa triginta solidorum, residuum dicte annuitatis trium 
librarum, & non plus, imperpetuum annuatim soluatur. [If the 
annuity is unpaid, the Abbey may distrain ' super glebam rectorie 
ecdesie nostre de Longcomb & super garbas decimales cum fructibus 
eiusdem ac in omnibus catallis infra rectoriam predictam una cum 
prouenientibus, necnon in omnibus terris A: tenementis nostris in 
Botteley iuxta Oxoniam,' or in other possessions of the College]. 
In cuius [&c. alternate sealing]. Dat* vicesimo die mensis Augusti 
anno regni regis Ricardi tercii post conquestum Anglie primo. 



757. 

Acqnletancia abbatis ft conuentus de Esmesham pro 
termino sancti Michaelis. 

Nouerint uniuersi per presentes nos Willelmum permissione diuina Sept. 39, 
abbatem monasterii beate Marie de Eynesham recepisse d: habuisse H93* 
die confeccionis presencium de rectore coUegii Lincoki' beate Marie 
Virginis & Omnium Sanctorum in Oxonia triginta solidos ster- 
lingorum monete Anglie pro quadam annuitate pro termino sancti 
Michaelis archangeli ; de quibus quidem triginta solidis fatemur nos 
fore solutos, dictosque rectorem & socios suos inde fore quietos 
per presentes. In cuius rei tesdmonium sigillum nostrum quo in 
huiusmodi utimur presentibus apposuimus. Datum in festo sancti 



2o8 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Michaelis archangeli anno regni regis Henrid septimo post con- 
questum Anglie octauo ^' 



758. 

[For the sum of £60 E3ms]iam surrenders the annual 
pension of £z due from Lincoln College.] 

Oct. 3o, Omnibus [&c.] Anthonius abbas monastcrii bcate Marie Virginis 
1534* de Egnesham & eiusdem loci conuentus salutem. Sciatis nos pro 
summa sexaginta librarum nobis solutaram per lohannem Cottysford, 
sacre theologie professorem, custodem siue rectorem collegii beate 
Marie & Omnium Sanctorum Lincoln in Uniuersitate Oxon, vulgariter 
appellati Lyncoln Collyge, & socios siue scolares eiusdem collegii 
barganizasse, dedisse, uendidisse, concessisse & per hoc presens 
scriptum nostrum confirmasse ac remisisse, relaxasse & omnino pro 
nobis & successoribus nostris imperpetuum quietum clamasse prefato 
lohanni Cottysford, custodi siue rectori collegii Lincoln Oxon ac 
sociis siue scolaribus eiusdem collegii 6c successoribus suis totum ius 
nostrum, titulum, statum, possessionem, usum, interesse & demandam 
de & in quadam porcione, annuitate, siue annuali redditu siue pen- 
sione sexaginta solidorum exeuntium de & in rectoria de Longe 
Combe cum pertinenciis in comitatu Oxonie ; ita videlicet quod nee 
nos [&c.]. Datum in domo nostra capitulari vicesimo die mensis 
Octobris anno regni regis Henrici octaui dei gracia Anglie & Francie 
regis, fidei defensoris & domini Hibemie & in Terra supremi capitis 
Anglicane ecdesie vicesimo sexto.' 

June 19, Endorsement in another hand: ' Hec acquyetancia tradita erat & de- 
153^- liberata duodecimo die lunii anno regni regis Henrici octaui tricesimo 
lohanni Cottisford, sacre theologie professori, rectori collegii Lincoln in 
Universitate Oxonie, & magistro Hugoni Westone subrectori eiusdem 
ad usum eorum ac sociorum et successorum suorum per reuerendum 
patrem Anthonium Dunston abbatem monasterii beate Marie Virginis 
de Egnesham & priorem eiusdem nomine totius conuentus; hiis 
testibus, lohannem Abery tunc aldermanno Oxonie & Thoma Perkyns 
yeoman.* 

* With a seal, pointed oval, I {inches that there are similar receipts from 

by I ; the Viigm seated with child William, abbot of Eynsham, for May 

under a canopy; beneath is a figure in ao, 1492, and Sept. 29, 1493. 

adoration; legend 's* abb'is bgne- ^ But in the Valor of 1535 the pen- 

SHAMIB AD CAVSAS.' The Cau- sion from Lincoln College is enumerated 

logue of Lincoln College deeds says among the possessions of the abbey. 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 209 

759. 

[Verdict of an inqtiisition, that it would be to the king's 
damage if the custody of the woods of the abbot of 
Eynsham within the forest of Wychwood was assigned 
to the bailiffs of the abbot]. 

H. dei gracia rex Anglie, dominus Hybernie & dux Aquitannie Aug. 8, 
dilecto & fideli sue Rogero de Qyfford iuniori, iusticiario foreste sue ^*7o. 
citra Trentam, salutem. Mandamus uobis quod per sacramentum 
uiridarionim & aliorum proboram & legalium hominum de balliua 
uestra, per quos rei ueritas melius sciri potent, diligenter inquiratis 
utnim esset ad dampnum nostrum uel ad nocumentum foreste nostre de 
Whichewode, si concedamus dilecto nobis abbati de Egnesham quod 
boscos suos dominicos, qui sunt infra forestam nostram predictam, 
per proprios balliuos & ministros custodire faciat, ita quod sint 
intendentes nobis & iusticiario nostro foreste in omnibus que ad cus-* 
todiam eorundem 'boscorum pertinent, necne ; et si sit ad dampnum 
nostrum seu ad nocumentum foreste nostre predicte uel in preiu- 
didum alterius, ad quod dampnum & quod nocumentum & cuius 
preiudicium. Et inquisicionem inde distincte & aperte factam nobis 
sub sigillo uestro & sigillis eorum, per quos facta fuerit, mittatis 
& hoc breue. Teste me ipso apud Wyntoniam viu die August!, anno 
regni nostri quinquagesimo quarto. 

Inquisicio facta in foresta de Wychewode in crastino Exaltacionis Sept. 15, 
sancte Crucis anno regni domini regis H. l. quarto per lohannem ^*7o. 
de Fifhide & Walterum de Cercedene uiredarios precHcte foreste & 
omnes regardatores eiusdem foreste & per Thomam de la Becheheye, 
Henricum Pod de Wodestoke, Alexandrum de Pyrie, Thomam de 
Estoke, Walterum Kyme de Nortleye, Walterum le seriant de Take- 
leye, lohannem Golafre, Emoldum Dogenon, Thomam le Uenur, 
Robertum Staci, Robertum le Uilur, Alexandrum de la Thurne, 
Ricardum de Willamescot & Hugonem le Frankeleyn utrum esset ad 
dampnum domini regis uel ad nocumentum foreste sue de Wyche- 
wode si concedat abbati de Wychewode [stc\ quod boscos suos 
dominicos qui sunt infra forestam predictam per proprios balliuos 
& ministros suos custodiri faciat, ita quod sint intendentes domino regi 
& iusticiario suo foreste in omnibus que ad custodiam eorundem 
boscorum pertinent, necne : et si sit ad dampnum domini regis seu 
ad nocumentum foreste predicte uel in preiudicium alterius, ad quod 
dampnum & ad quod nocumentum & cuius preiudicium* Qui iurati 
dicunt super sacramentum suum quod si dominus rex concedat pre* 

n p 



210 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

dicto abbati quod custodiri faciat predictos boscos suos in forma 
predicta, erit ad magnum dampnum suum & etiam nocumentum 
foreste sue predicte^ eo quod si idem abbas & ministri sui debeant 
decetero esse intendentes tantummodo domino regi & iusticiario suo 
foreste de custodia boscorum ipsius abbatis, forestarii domini regis 
nullum facient in [eis^] attachiamentum ; per quod idem abbas & sui 
& edam alii magnam facient destructionem in eisdem & magna 
assarta consequenter, sicut ante nunc facere inceperunt; et sic de- 
strueretur melius receptamentum quod fere domini regis habent 
modo in foresta predicta. Perdet etiam domini^ rex omnia attachia- 
menta de uiridi & de aliis que modo faciunt forestarii [sui^] in boscis 
predictis. Sunt enim iidem bosci infra regardum ita quod nullum 
potest quicquam capere in eisdem nee etiam predictus abbas nisi 
racionabilia estoueria sua & hoc per uisum & liberacionem forest- 
ariorum domini regis ; unde si bosci predicti non sint ammodo sub 
custodia forestariorum domini regis [uerisijmiliter destruerentur 
omnino. Erit etiam hoc ad preiudicium Thome de Langele qui est 
forestarius domini regis in foresta predicta & ad quem pertinet de iure 
custodia predictorum boscorum sicut et omnium aliorum boscorum 
existencium infra forestam predictam, unde sine ipsius Thome pre- 
iudicio predicta concessio fieri non potest predicto abbati, sicut 
predictum est. In cuius rei testimonium predicti iuratores huic 
inquisitioni sigilla sua apposuerunt. Item Thomas de Langeleye 
soluere non posset domino regi firmam' quam ei debet si predicti 
bosd predicto abbati in forma predicta concederentur eo quod per- 
deret magnam partem minutorum attachiamentorum que ad ipsum 
pertinent ad finnam suam faciendam.' 



760, 

[Verdict of an inqtiisition, that it would not be to the king's 
damage if the abbot's woods in Wychwood & Shotover 
forests were quit of regard.]^ 

May 30, Edwardus dei gracia rex Anglie, dominus Hibernie & dux Aqui- 

1300. tannic dilecto & fideli suo Hugoni le Despenser iusticiario foreste sue 

citra Trentam vel eius locum tenenti salutem. Mandamus vobis quod 

^ illegible. * Inquisitio ad qaod dAmDam. File 

' Thomas de Langeleye held the 3, No. 16 (Record Office), 

office of forester-in-fee, L e. hereditary * Inqnis. ad quod damnum : File 59, 

forester, at Kjirrna of £*i {Hundred No. 15 : cp. Vol. I, p. 322. 
^^/fr,IL739). 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 211 

per sacramentum tarn forestariorum & uiridarionim forestanim nos-^ 
trarum de Whicchewode & Shothouere quam aliorum probonim &; 
legalium hominum de balliua vestra, per quos rei Veritas melius sciri 
potent, diligenter inquiratis si sit ad dampnum vel preiudicium nostrum 
aut nocumentum forestanim nostrarum predictarum si concedamus 
dilectis nobis in Christo abbati & conuentui de Egnesham, quod ipsi 
boscos suos de Egnesham &'Cherlebury qui sunt infra metas predicte 
foreste de Whicchewode & boscum suum de Etona qui est infra metas 
predicte foreste de Shothouere tenere possint & habere sibi & succes- 
sonbus suis extra rewardum quorumcunque ministrorum forestarum 
predictarum imperpetuum, necne. £t si sit ad dampnum vel pre- 
iudicium nostrum aut nocumentum forestarum nostranmi predictarum, 
tunc ad quod dampnum & quod preiudicium nostrum & ad quod 
nocumentum forestarum predictarum & qualiter & quomodo, & 
quantum quilibet boscorum predictorum contineat in se per numerum 
acrarum per perticam de foresta, & quantum distat a cooperto foreste, 
et si sit ibi frequens reperium ferarum nostrarum : et inqulsitionem 
inde distincte & aperte [&c. as before]. Teste me ipso apud West- 
monasterium xxx die Maii anno regni nostri tricesimo quarto^ 

Inquisicio capta coram domino Roberto Harwedone, tenente locum June 30, 
domini Hugonis le Despenser iusticiarii foreste citra Trentam, apud i3o6, 
Islepe in foresta de Shottoure die louis in crastino sanctorum Petri & 
Pauli anno regni regis Edward! tricesimo quarto per sacramentum 
Philippi Mimekan custodis foreste predicte & aliorum forestariorum, 
Roberti de Louches & lohannis le Moyngne uiridariorum, Roberti 
Neel, Willelmi Bernard, lohannis de Thomelee, lohannis de Ledhale, 
lohannis ad Fontem, lohannis de (jardino, Galfridi de Camera, 
Thome Thursteyn, Martini Stub, Petri Ouere, lohannis Prat, Bartho- 
lomei de Kent, Walteri de Stofolde, lohannis le Heyr, Willelmi de la 
Fente, Petri Sage & Willelmi Spileman iuratorum, si sit ad dampnum 
vel preiudicium domini regis aut nocumentum foreste sue predicte si 
dominus rex concedat abbati & conuentui de Egnsham quod ipsi 
boscum suum de Etone qui est infra metas foreste de Shottoure 
tenere possint & habere sibi & successoribus suis extra rewardum 
quonmicunque ministrorum foreste predicte, necne ; qui dicunt super 
sacramentum suum quod non est ad dampnum nee preiudicium 
domini regis nee nocumentum foreste sue predicte si dominus rex con- 
cedat predictis abbati & conuentui quod ipsi possint tenere & habere 
boscum suum predictum extra rewardum, ita tamen quod venacio 
domini regis in eodem bene custodiatur & quod coopertum eiusdem 
non destruatur; et quod continet in se per numerum acrarum per 
perticam de foresta decem acras, & quod idem boscus est contiguus 

p a 



2ia CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

cooperto dominico domini regis foreste predicte, ft quod est ibi 
frequens reperium ferarum domini regis. In cuius rei testimonium 
predict! iurati huic inquisidoni sigilla sua apposuerunt 
July I) Inquisicio capta apud Wodestoke coram Roberto de Harwedone, 
1306. tenente locum domini Hugonis le Despenser iusticiarii foreste citra 
Trentam, die Veneris proxima post festum apostolorum Petri & Pauli 
anno regni regis Edwardi tricesimo quarto per sacramentum lohannis 
de Langeleie custodis foreste de Whicchewode & aliorum foresta- 
riorum, Thome Golafre, Roberti le Botiler, Nicholai Broun & Reginald! 
de Ljnham viridariorum, Bartholomei de Walecote, lohannis de 
Honyntone, lacobi Taillard, lohannis de Colunce, Roberti Vobbe^ 
de Langeleie, Rogeri clerici de Swynbroke, Rogeri de Lynham, Ade 
clerid de Cudyntone, Henrici de Prestone, lohannis de Londone, 
lohannis Mahu, lohannis le Hunte, Willelmi Gilebert, Galfridi 
Pachim ^ lohannis de la Sale, Petri de Boryanes, lohannis Punchard, 
Thome de la Beccheie, lohannis atte Beccheie ft Ricardi de 
Haneberwe iuratorum, si sit ad dampnum vel preiudicium domini 
regis seu nocumentum foreste sue de Whicchewode si idem dominus 
rex concedat abbati & conuentui de Egnesham quod ipsi boscos suos 
de Egnesham & Cherleburi, qui sunt infra metas foreste predicte de 
Whicchewode tenere possint ft habere sibi ft successoribus extra 
rewardum inperpetuum, necne ; qui dicunt super sacramentum suum 
quod non est ad dampnum vel preiudicium domini regis nee nocu- 
mentum foreste predicte si dominus rex concedat eisdem abbati ft 
conuentui quod ipsi boscos suos predictos de Egnesham ft Cherlburi 
tenere possint ft habere sibi ft successoribus suis extra rewardum 
inperpetuum ; ita tamen quod venacio domini regis in eisdem boscis 
custodiatur; et quod maior boscus de Cherlburi continet in se per 
numerum acrarum per perticam de foresta quadraginta acras ; minor 
boscus de Cherlburi, qui vocatur boscus de Finstoke, continet per 
perticam predictam quinque acras; et quod boscus de Egnesham 
continet decem acras per eandem perticam ; et quod maior boscus de 
Cherlburi distat a cooperto foreste per tres quarentenas ; minor boscus 
predictus est iuxta coopertum foreste; boscus de Egnesham distat 
a cooperto foreste per unam leucam; et quod in maiori bosco de 
Cherlburi est reperium ferarum, et in minori bosco predicto est 
frequens reperium ferarum, et in bosco de Egnesham raro est 
reperium ferarum. In cuius [ftc. sealing]. 

* UncertaiiL 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 213 

761. 

[Verdict of an inqtiisition about the view of frank-pledge 
at Eynsham.]^ 

Edwardus dei gracia rex Anglie, dominus Hibemie & dux Aqui- April 7, 
tannic dilecto & fideli sue lohanni Abel escaetori puo citra Trentam ^^'^' 
salutem. Supplicauit nobis dilectus nobis in Christo abbas de Egnes- 
ham quod cum vicecomes noster Oxonie & balliuus noster de 
Wodestoke teneant semel in anno quendam visum franci plegii apud 
Egnesham de tenentibus ipsius abbatis, percipiendo inde ad opus 
nostrum tantummodo octo solidos, ceteraque proficua eiusdem visus 
prefato abbati integre debent remanere, velimus eidem abbati & 
successoribus suis per cartam nostram concedere quod ipse visum 
predictum per balliuos suos proprios de tenentibus suis predictis 
tenere, et nobis et heredibus nostris de dictis octo solidis per manus 
vicecomids nostri Oxonie singulis annis valeat respondere ; nos igitur 
certiorari volentes an sine nostro aut alterius preiudicio pedcioni 
huiusmodi annuere valeamus, vobis mandamus quod per sacramentimi 
proborum & legalium hominum de balliua vestra, per quos rei Veritas 
melius sciri poterit, diligenter inquiratis si sit ad dampnum vel preiu- 
dicium nostrum aut aliorum si concedamus predicto abbati quod ipse 
& successores sui teneant visum predictum singulis annis per balliuos 
suos de propriis tenentibus suis sicut predictum est, necne ; et si sit 
ad dampnum vel preiudicium nostrum aut aliorum tunc ad quod 
dampnum & quod preiudicium nostrum & ad quod dampnum & quod 
preiudicium aliorum & quorum & qualiter & quomodo, & que & 
cuiusmodi proficua de visu predicto capi consueuerunt ad opus 
nostrum & per quos & qualiter & quomodo, & que & cuiusmodi 
proficua idem abbas inde percipit. Et inquisicionem inde distincte 
& aperte factam nobis sub sigillo vestro & sigillis eorum per quos facta 
fuerit sine dilacione mittatis & hoc breue. Teste me ipso apud Shene 
vii die Aprilis anno r^gni nostri sexto* 

Inquisicio capta coram escaetore domini regis apud Oxoniam ultimo April 30, 
die Aprilis anno regni regis Edwardi sexto per sacramentum lohannis i3i3- 
de Crokesforde, Roberli le Botiller, lohannis de Wyghthulle, lohannis 
Scorchboef, lohannis de Lodewelle, lohannis de Leihe •, Walter! de 
Romeny, lohannis le Murye, Radulfi Chastyllon, Reginald! de 
Lynham, Ricardi de Ouyle, & Thome Golafre, si sit ad dampnum 
vel preiudicium domini regis aut aliorum si dominus rex concedat 

^ Inquis. ad qood damnmn : File 94, No. 29. 
' Indistinct 



314 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

abbati de Egnesham quod ipse et successores sui teneant visum firanci 
plegii semel in anno apud Egnesham de tenentibus suis per balliuos 
8U0S proprios reddendo domino regi Sc heredibus suis quolibet anno 
octo solidos per manus vicecomitis Oxonie, necne; et si sit ad 
dampnum [&c. as in the writ, to . . .] abbas inde percipit; qui 
dicunt per sacramentum suum quod non est ad dampnum nee 
preiudicium domini regis aut aliorum quamuis ipse dominus rex 
concedat abbati de Egnesham quod ipse & successores sui teneant 
visum franci plegii semel in anno apud Egnesham de tenentibus suis 
per balliuos suos proprios. Dicunt etiam quod vicecomes Oxonie & 
balliuus de Wodestoke qui pro tempore fuerunt semper hactenus 
percipere consueuerunt de visu predicto singulis annis ad opus 
domini regis octo solidos nomine finis tantum per equales porciones 
inter ipsos diuidendos, et quod idem abbas & predecessores sui omnia 
alia proficua que de dicto visu prouenire possint percipiimt & ab 
antiquo perceperunt, ut in amerciamentis et aliis que ad visum 
pertinent. In cuius rei testimonium [&c. sealing]. 



762. 

Inquisitio ad quod damnum about South Stoke : 
File 148^ No. 8. 

Blay I, [A writ issued to Richard de Rodeneye, escheator on this side 
^330. Qf the Trent, to hold an inquisition whether it will be to the damage 
of the king, if he grants licence to Robert de Trillowe & Isabel his 
wife to give to Eynsham a messuage, forty acres of land and two 
acres of meadow in * Suthtabbotestoke ', in part satisfaction of 20 
marcates of land or rent, to be acquired by the abbey in fee, according 
to the king's grant. Dated, Shene, May 1,13 Ed. II.] 
Then follows: — 
Oct. 5, Inquisicio capta coram escaetore domini regis citra Trentam apud 
1320. Mersshbaldyndone die dominica proxima post festum sancti Michaelis 
anno regni regis Edwardi filii regis Edwardi quarto decimo secundum 
tenorem breuis huic inquisicioni consuti per sacramentum Hugonis 
Thurbam, Thome le Passour, lohannis ate Welle, Thome le Franke- 
leyn de Couele, lohannis Somer, Thome le Fraunkeleyn de Stauntone, 
Willelmi ate Dene, Nicholai le Naper, lohannis le Deyare, Roberti le 
Courtey, Willelmi le Deer & Willelmi Aihelain iuratorum, qui dicunt 
super sacramentum suum quod non est ad dampnum nee preiu- 
dicium domini regis nee aliorum si dominus rex concedat Roberto 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 215 

de Trillowe & Isabelle vxori eius, quod ipsi unum mesuagium, 
quadraginta acras terre & duas acras prati cum pertinenciis in South'- 
abbotestoke dare possint & assignare dilectis sibi in Christo abbati 
& conuentui de Egnesham; habenda & tenenda eisdem abbati & 
conuentui & successoribus suis in partem satisfaccionis viginti marca* 
tanim terrarum, tenementorum & redditus, quas eis per litteras suas 
patentes in feodo concessit adquirendas inperpetuum. Dicunt etiam 
quod predicta messuagium, viginti & quinque acre terre & due acre 
prati tenentur de predicto abbate per seruicium septem solidorum 
annuatim soluendorum & sectam curie de tribus septimanis in tres 
septimanas ad manerium dicti abbatis de Southabbotestoke pro omni 
seruicio ; et quatuordecim acre terre tenentur de Thoma filio Willemi 
de Wodecote per seruicium quatuor solidorum & undecim denariorum 
per annum pro omni seruicio ; et una acra terre tenetur de Sweyne 
de Mortele per seruicium unius denarii per annum pro omni seruicio ; 
et dicunt quod predicta mesuagium, quadraginta acre terre & due acre 
prati valent per annum in omnibus exitibus iuxta verum valorem 
eorundem quatuor solidos ultra predicta seruicia. Et dicunt quod 
quatuordecim acre terre tenentur de Thoma filio Willelmi de Wodecote, 
qui ilia tenet de predicto abbate ut de manerio suo de Southabbote- 
stoke, qui illud manerium tenet de episcopo Lincolniensi in puram 8c 
perpetuam elemosinam, qui quidem episcopus illud tenet de domino 
rege in capite. Dicunt etiam quod una acra tenetur de Sweyne de 
Mortele, qui illam tenet de dicto abbate ut de manerio suo de Sut* 
abbotestoke. Dicunt etiam quod predicta messuagium, viginti quinque 
acre terre & due acre prati tenentur de abbate predicto, ut de manerio 
suo predicto. £t dicunt quod remanent eisdem Roberto & Isabelle 
unum mesuagium & due carucate terre cum pertinenciis in Wyuelecote 
que tenentur de abbate de Netele in capite per seruicium dimidii feodi 
militis ultra donacionem & assignacionem predictas : et valent predicta 
mesuagium & terra per annum in omnibus exitibus iuxta verum 
valorem eorundem decem libras ultra predicta seruicia. Dicunt etiam 
quod terra & tenementa eidem Roberto 8c Isabelle remanentia suffi- 
ciunt ad consuetudines & seruicia tarn de predictis mesuagiis, terra 
& prato sic datis quam de aliis terris & tenementis sibi retentis 
debita facienda, & ad omnia alia onera que sustinuerunt & sustinere 
consueuerunt, ut in sectis, visibus franci plegii, auxiliis, talagiis, 
vigiliis, finibus, redempcionibus, amerciamentis, contribucionibus, & 
aliis quibuscunque oneribus emergentibus sustinenda. Dicunt etiam 
quod iidem Robertus & beredes ipsius Isabelle in assisis, iuratis & aliis 
recognidonibus quibuscunque poni possint prout? idem Robertus 8l 
antecessores ipsius Isabelle ante donacionem & assignacionem pre- 



fii6 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

dictas poni consueuerant. Dicunt etiam quod patria per donacionem 
& assignacionem predictas in ipsius Roberti & heredum ipsius Isabelle 
defectum roagis solito non onerabitur seu in aliquo grauabitur. In 
cuius rei testimonium predicti iuratores huic inquisidoni sigilla sua 
apposuerunt. Data die, loot & anno supradictis.^ 



763. 

Inqtiisitio ad quod damnum about South Stoke: 
File 151, No. lo. 

Aug. 13, [A writ of the king to Richard de Rodeneye, whether it will be to 
^3^1' the king's damage if he grants licence to John de Tryllowe to give 
land in South Stoke to Eynsham. Dated Westminster, Aug. 12, 
15Ed.IL] 
Then follows : — 

Oct. 31, Inquisicio capta coram escaetore domini regis dtra Trentam apud 
i33i« Oxoniam die Sabbati in vigilia Omnium Sanctorum anno regni regis 
Edwardi filii regis Edwardi quintodecimo secundum tenorem breuis 
huic inquisicioni consuti per sacramentum Georgii de Louches, 
lohannis Eustace, Hugonis Thurbam, Roberti atte Penne, Thome le 
Fraunkeleyn de Stauntone, Thome le Smith, Thome le Fraunkeleyn 
de Couele, Nicholai le Naper, Roberti le Curter, Willelmi le Deer de 
Clyftone, Willehni Astyl & Willelmi le Moncke iuratorum, qui dicunt 
super sacramentum suum quod non est ad dampnum nee preiudi- 
cium domini regis nee aliorum si dominus rex concedat lohanni de 
Tryllowe quod ipse unum mesuagium, unum toftum, duas acras 
8c tres rodas terre & unam acram prati cum pertinenciis in Stoke 
Abbalis dare possit & assignare dilectis sibi in Christo abbati & con- 
uenlui de Egnesham ; habenda & tenenda eisdem abbati Sc conuentui 
& successoribus suis imperpetuum. Dicunt etiam quod predicta 
mesuagium, toftum, terra & pratum tenentur de predicto abbate in 
capite per seniicium trium solidorum per annum, & sectam curie 
sue ad manerium suum de Stoke Abbatis de tribus septimanis in 
tres septimanas pro omni seruido. Item dicunt quod predicta 
mesuagium, toftum, terra & pratum valent per annum in omnibus 
exitibus iuxta uerum valorem eorundem tres solidos & quatuor de- 
narios ultra predicta seruida. Dicunt etiam quod predictus abbas 
& episcopus Lincobiensis medii sunt inter dominum regem & pre- 
fatum lohannem de mesuagio, tofto, terra & prato predictis & non 

» Sec Vol. I, p. 375. 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 217 

plures sunt medii. Item dicunt quod remanent predicto lohanni 
ultra donadonem & assignacionem predictas duo mesuagia & quatuor 
carucate terre cum pertinenciis in Cestertone & Saltforde in comitatu 
Oxonie que tenentur de Hugone de Plesetis in capite per seruicium 
medietatis unius feodi militis; et valent per annum in omnibus 
ezitibus iuxta verum valorem eorundem decern Ubras. Dicunt etiam 
quod terre & tenementa eidem lohanni remanenda [&c. ending as 
the last deed]. 

764. 

Inquisitio ad quod damnum about Wick Rissington: 
File 164, No. IS. 

[A writ of the king to magister John Walewayn, eschaetor, whether Aug. 91, 
it will be to the king's damage if John de Trillowe & Robert Page '333« 
give to Eynsham a mesuage, a carucate of land, &c, in Wick Ris- 
sington, Dated at Pykeryng, Aug. 21, 17 Ed. II.] 

Then follows : — 

Inquisicio capta apud Wykerysingdone xxvii die Septembris anno Sept. 97, 
regni regis Edwardi filii regis Edwardi septimo decimo coram escaetore *3^3- 
domini regis citra Trentam secundum formam breuis domini regis 
huic inquisitioni consuti per sacramentum Roberti Mareys, Philippi 
de Tenacre, Roberti de Nethercote, lohannis de Nethercote, lohannis 
Uileyn, lohannis Steuenes, Philippi Caldecote, Ricardi de Euore, 
Hugonis le Spenser de Wyk', Willelmi Hamund, Ricardi atte Welle 
& Roberti le Freman qui dicunt quod non est ad dampnum vel 
preiudicium domini regis aut aliorum si dominus rex concedat lohanni 
de Trillowe clerico & Roberto Page quod ipsi unum mesuagium, 
unam carucatam terre, quindecim acras prati & redditum unius libre 
piperis cum pertinenciis in Wykerysindone dare possint & assignare 
dilectis sibi in Christo abbati et conuentui de Egnesham; habenda 
& tenenda sibi & successoribus suis imperpetuum in partem satis- 
faccionis uiginti marcatarum terrarum, tenementorum, & reddituum 
quas dominus rex eisdem abbati & conuentui nuper per litteras suas 
patentes tam de feodo ipsius abbatis & conuentus quam alieno^ ex- 
ceptis terris & tenementis que de ipso domino rege tenentur in capite, 
concessit adquirendas. Et dicunt quod dictum mesuagium, terra & 
pratum tenentur de Isabella de laneuyle per seruidum unius rose 
per annum pro omni seruida Et dicimt quod predicta mesuagium, 
terra & pratum valent per annum in omnibus exidbus iuxta verum 
valorem eorundem viginti solidos & non plus quia ad dictum mesua- 
gium non est aliquod columbare seu proficuum gardini pertin[en8], et 



2i8 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

terra est montana & sterilis, et pratum est siccum & montanum. £t 
dicunt quod predicta Isabella est media inter dominum regem & 
prefatos lohannem & Robertum de mesuagio, terra & prato predictis. 
£t dicunt quod terra & tenementa eisdem lohanni & Roberto re- 
manent ultra donacionem & assignacionem predictas, quatuor cam- 
catas ^ terre in Chasteltone que tenentur de Hugone de Plescy per 
homagium & seruicium unius denarii per annum; et valent per 
annum in omnibus exitibus decem libras sterlingorum ; et duas 
carucatas terre & decem libras redditus annul in Saltforde que 
tenentur de Thoma de Uerdoun * per seruicium unius esperuarii per 
annum ; et valent per annum in omnibus exitibus viginti libras ster- 
lingorum. Et dicunt quod terre & tenementa remanentia [&c. as 
before].' 

765- 

The king demands a farther inqtiisitioii, the last having 
been too favourable to Eynsham ; File 164, No. la. 

Oct. 15, Edwardus [&c.] dilecto clerico suo magistro Walewyn escaetori suo 
*323' vltra Trentam Milutem. Licet per inquisicionem coram vobis de 
mandato nostro nuper factam & in cancellaria nostra retornatam 
compertum sit quod non est ad dampnum vel preiudicium nostrum 
aut aliorum si concedamus lohanni de Trillowe & Roberto Page 
quod ipsi imum mesuagium, unam carucatam terre, quindecim acras 
prati & redditum unius libre piperis cum pertinenciis in Wikerisindone 
dare possint & assignare dilectis nobis in Christo abbati & conuentui 
de Egnesham ; habenda [&c. as above] ; quodque dicta mesuagium, 
terra & pratum tenentur de Isabella de laneuille per seruicium unius 
rose per annum pro omni seruicio, & quod valent per annum in 
omnibus exitibus iuxta verum valorem eorundem viginti solidos & 
non plus ; quia tamen videtur nobis & consilio nostro quod predicta 
mesuagium, terra & pratum ad nimis modicum valorem onmibus 
consideratis per inquisicionem illam extenduntur & hoc in nostri 
preiudicium ipsorumque abbatis & conuentus fauorem, unde plurimum 
conturbamur, et etiam in eadem inquisitione non continetur de quo 
vel de quibus redditus ille teneatiu: & per quod seruicium & qualiter 

^ At though ' scilicet* had preceded. i. e. to cancel four of the twenty mar- 

' Not quite distinct cates of land mentioned in the original 

' The endorsement is ' Consideratum grant of the king. The entry on the 

est per consilium regis quod habeant Patent Rolls ^ Nov. ao, 1333, reckons 

terras & tenementa infrascripta in yalo- the land at foar marks. 

xem quatuor marcatarum per annum ' ; 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 219 

& quomodo ft quantum valeat per annum in omnibus exitibus iuxta 
veram valorem eiusdem, vobis mandamus quod per sacramentum 
proborum ft legalium hominum de balliua vestra, per quos rei Veritas 
melius sciri poterit, non suspectorum, omni fauore pretermissOi mesua- 
gium, terram ft pratum predicta extendi faciatis quantum videlicet 
valeant per annum ut in dominicis, homagiis, seniiciis, redditibus, 
villenagiis & aliis exitibus terre iuxta verum valorem eorundem, et 
etiam per sacramentum eorundem diligenter inquiratis de quo vel 
de quibus dictus redditus teneatur ft per quod seruicium ft qualiter 
ft quomodo ft quantum valeat per annum in omnibus exitibus iuxta 
verum valorem eiusdem et qui et quot sunt medii inter nos ft pre- 
fatos lohannem ft Robertum de redditu supradicto, necnon de aliis 
articulis negocium illud tangentibus plenius veritatem; et extentam 
ft inquisicionem predictas nobis sub sigillo vestro ft sigillis eorum per 
quos facta fuerit sine dilacione mittatis ft hoc breue, taliter vos 
habentes in hac parte ne contingat vos inde in aliquo reprehendi. 
Teste me ipso apud Holand xv die Octobris anno regni nostri 
decimo septimo. 

Gloecestria. Extenta ft inquisicio facta ft capta coram escaetore Nov. lo, 
domini regis citra Trentam apud Wykerisindone decimo die Nouem- '3a3' 
bris anno regni regis Edwardi filii regis Edwardi decimo septimo per 
sacramentum lohannis Crossom, lohannis de Shiptone, lohannis Kun, 
WiUelmi le Eyr, Ricardi le Mareschall, Roberti le Freman, Hugonis le 
Spencer, Willelmi Thomekyn, Philippi de Rysindone, lohannis Whette, 
Michaelis de Bladjoitone ft Philippi de Caldecote, qui dicant quod 
est apud Wykerisindone imum mesuagium sine columbario, sine 
gardino, et sine proficuo curtilagii, quod valet per annum in omnibus 
exitibus iuxta verum valorem xii d. ; item dicunt quod est ibidem una 
carucata terre continens quatuor virgatas terre ft quelibet virgata terre 
continet viginti quatuor acras terre ft quelibet acra terre valet per 
annum in omnibus exitibus iid. ft non plus, quia montana ft sterilis ; 
summa xvis.; item dicunt quod simt ibidem xv acre prati que valent 
per annum in omnibus exitibus prec[ium] acre xiid.; smnma xvs.; 
item dicunt quod est ibidem redditus unius libre piperis, qui valet per ' 
annum in omnibus exitibus iuxta verum valorem eiusdem xviiid.; et 
predictus redditus tenetur de Isabella de laneuille simul cum mesua- 
gio, terra ft prato per seruicium vnius rose per annum pro omni 
seruido, que est media inter dominum regem ft lohannem de 
Trillowe ft Robertum Page. Item dicunt quod non est [stc] ibidem 
ad predicta mesuagium, terra ft pratum aliqui tenentes pertinentes 
per homagium nee per aliqua alia seruicia seu consuetudines ; nee 
stmt ibidem villani tenentes in villenagio nee aliquis alius redditus 



220 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

eisdem mesoagio sen terre pertinentes. In cuius rei testimonium 
predicti iuratores sigilla sua appoeuerunt Summa totius extente ft 
inquisitionis xzziii s. vi d. 

766. 

Inquisitio ad quod damnum about Catiesham mill in 
Tackley: File 197, No. 22. 

Mar. 9, [Writ of the king to Simon de Bereford ; dated York, Mar. 2, 
i3a«. 2 Ed. m.] 

Then follows: — 

^^yx7> Oxonia. Inquisicio capta apud Haneburghe coram Simone de 
'328. Bereforde escaetore domini regis citra Trentam xvii die Maii anno 
regni regis Edwardi tercii post conquestum secundo iuxta tenorem 
breuis domini regis huic inquisicioni consuti per sacramentum 
lohannis de Croxforde, senioris, Stephani Douuyle, lohannis de 
Wighthulle, lohannis de Wappenham, lohannis Scorcebeof, Roberti 
de Parco, Henrici le Spicer, Walteri le Gigour, Willehni le Clerk, 
lohannis le Wodeward, lohannis le Baunk, et Walteri Douuyle; 
qui dicunt quod non est ad dampnum nee preiudicium domini regis 
nee aliorum si idem dominus rex concedat lohanni de Trillawe quod 
ipse unum mesuagium, unum molendinum, sex acras & medietatem 
vnius virgate terre & duas acras prati ft dimidiajn cum pertinenciis in 
Takkele dare possit & assignare abbati & conuentui de Egnesham ; 
habenda & tenenda sibi & successoribus suis imperpetuum in partem 
satisfaccionis viginti marcatarum terrarum, tenementorum 8c reddi- 
tuum per annum, quas dominus E. nuper rex Anglie pater domini 
regis nunc per litteras suas patentes eisdem abbati &. conuentui tam 
de feodo suo proprio [&c. as before]. Item dicunt quod molen- 
dinum, terra & pratum predicta tenentur de predictis abbate & 
conuentu per seruicium sexaginta solidorum per annum pro omni 
seruicio. Et dicunt quod valent per annum vltra solucionem dicti 
redditus xii d. iuxta verum valorem eorundem &. non plus, quia pre- 
dictum molendinum non habet nisi Louesokne.^ Item dicunt quod 
predictus lohannes tenet mesuagium, molendinum, terram ft pratum 
predicta de predictis abbate ft conuentu per seruicium predictum; 
et idem abbas ft conuentus ea tenent de episcopo Lincolniensi ' in 

^ ' Lovesokne' mutt mean thmt there ' This was so only in the sense that 

were none who were comi>eIled to hare the abbey and all its possesions were 

their com gronnd at this miU. Its reckoned to belong to the bishop; com- 

' socne * or * secta* consisted only of pare the language used abore in charter 

those who came voluntarily. na 733. 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 221 

puram 8c perpetuam elemosinam; et quod predictus episcopus ea 
tenet de domino rege in capite. Item dicimt quod remanent eidem 
lohanni vltra donacionem & assignacionem predictas decem librate 
terre & redditus apud Chestertone in comitatu Oxonie ; et tenentur 
de Hugone de Pleycy per seruicium unius feodi militis. £t dicunt 
quod terre & tenementa predicta eidem lohanni remanentia [&c. as 
before to...] sustinenda. Item dicunt quod predictus lohannes 
clericus est, et quod heres ipsius lohannis in assisis, iuratis & aliis 
recognicionibus quibuscunque poni poterit prout ante donationem & 
assignationem predictas pater ipsius lohannis poni consueuit, ita 
quod patria [&c. . . .] grauabitur. In cuius [&c. sealing].^ 



767. 

Inqtiisitio ad quod damnum about land in Chastleton; 
File S06, No. 4. 

[Writ of the king; dated Westminster, Feb. 15, 3 Ed. III.] Feb. 15, 

Then follows ; — X3»9- 

Oxonia. Inquisicio capta apud Cherlebury coram Simone de Feb. 38, 
Bereforde escaetore domini regis citra Trentam vltimo die Februarii *3a9- 
anno regni regis Edwardi tercii post conquestum tercio iuxta tenorem 
breuis huic inquisicioni consuti per sacramentum lacobi le Blount, 
Willelmi de Brome, Ricardi de Comewelle, Roberti Pynnoke, 
lohannis le Lord, Gilberti Crips, Henrici le Tomur, Bartholomei 
de Walecote, lohannis de Londres, Willelmi Belegraue, lohannis de 
Bernewelle & Ricardi atte Hulle, qui dicunt quod non est ad damp- 
num nee preiudicium domini regis nee aliorum licet dominus rex 
concedat lohanni de Trillowe quod ipse tria mesuagia, unam caru- 
catam terre, quinque acras prati & pasturam ad octo boues vel 
vaccas in separali pastura cum bobus suis ubicumque pascuntur extra 
clausum suum cum pertinenciis in Chasteltone Bardulf & Egnesham 
dare possit & assignare dilectis domino regi in Christo abbati ft 
conventui de Egnesham ; habenda & tenenda [&c. as before . • .] 
adquirendas. Item dicunt quod unum mesuagimn de predictis tribus 
mesuagiis in Egnesham tenetur de predicto abbate per seruicium 
unius aduentus ad curiam dicti abbatis in Egnesham ; et valet per 
annum xii d. ; item dicunt quod predicta duo mesuagia, una carucata 
terre & quinque acre prati tenentur de predicto abbate per seruicium 
z s. viii d., octo caponum, et sectam curie de tribus sepdmanis in tres 

* Cp. Vol. I, pp. 383, 384. 



222 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

septimanas in Chastreton ; et valent predicta duo mesoagia, terra Sc 
pratum per annum xxvii s« iiii d, ultra seraida predicta. Item dicunt 
quod predicta pastura ad viii boues tenetur de Hugone de Pleycy 
per seruicium unius rose per annum, et vakt per annum iiii s. ; item 
dicunt quod predicta tria mesuagia, una carucata terre & quinque 
acre prati tenentur de predicto abbate per seruida supradicta, et 
quod idem abbas ea tenet de episcopo Lincolniensi in liberam, 
puram & perpetuam elemosinam; et idem episcopus ea tenet de 
domino rege in capite. Item dicunt quod predicta pastura ad viii 
boues tenetur de Hugone de Pleycy per seruicium supradictum ; et 
idem Hugo eam tenet de domino rege in capite. Item dicunt quod 
remanent eidem lohanni ultra donacionem & assignacionem predictas 
decem librate terrarum et redditus in Chasteltone in comitatu 
Oxonie; et tenentur de Hugone de Pleycy per seruidmn dimidii 
feodi militis,^ et dicunt quod terra & tenementa predicta ddem lohanni 
remanentia [&c ending as in the last inquisition].^ 



768.' 

[Nicholas Bishop describes the position of the tenement 
of Nigellus de Gardino.] 

Registrum cartarum tenementorum & reddituum ecdesie de Egnes- 
ham collatorum in burgo Oxonie de diuersis uiris nobilibus feoffatori- 
bus . . , Ecclesia de Egnesham tenet unum tenementum infra portam 
aquilonarem Oxonie in magna strata qua itur a porta predicta ad 
quadrivium ex feoffamento Willelmi filii Nigelli de Gardino» de quo 
mencio facta est in carta regis HenricL^ Quod tenementum situm est 
inter tenementum abbatis Oseneye ex parte australi et tenementum 

' In the previooft charter it is said to the purpose of his lawsnits he made 

be one knight^s fee. copies of charters from the registers 

' In addition to these, there should of Eynsham and Oseney, and, as the 

be an inquisition of 1384, to which opening words show, the yolnme he 

there is reference in charter no. 687, used for Eynsham was a cartulary of 

and another by which Robert Mascall, the properties in Oxford, distinct from 

bishop of Hereford (1404-1416), was the cartulary which is still preserved 

permitted to give land to Eynsham (see Vol. I, pp. zxxiy, 105, 187). Un- 

\Vict. County Hist,, Oxfordshire, ii. fortunately he only copied charters of 

14a). properties in the parish of St Michael's 

* Charters 768 to ^88 are taken from at North Gate, as his chief lawsuit was 
the note book of Nicholas Bishop, com- about a tenement in that parish. It 
posed by him about 1430, and now pre- may be added that his writing is of 
served in the University Library at Cam- the worst, and his topographical state- 
bridge (MS. Dd. xiv. 1) ; of this there ments more bold than accurate* 
is a modem transcript in the Bodleian ^ i. e. Vol. I, p. 36. 
Library (MS. Top. Oxon. d. 73). For 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 223 

WiUelmi.Osarii ex parte aquflonari*, quod tenementum Galfridus frater 
predict! Willelmi' tradidit WiUelmo de ultra la Haia per cartam 
subscriptamv • 

769. 

[Galfridus son of Nigel surrenders a tenement in S. Michael's 
North to WiUiam de ultra la Haia.]"" 

Sciant [&c.] quod ego Galfridus filius Nigelli de Gardino concessi & Nic. Bish. 
liberaui Willelmo de vltra la Haia totam terrain que est inter terram f<>l* 1^-'' 
quam abbas [de] * Oseneya tenet de Piritune & seldam WiUelmi [^ woo.] 
Osarii' in parochia sancti Michaelis aquilonaris Ozonie pro seruicio 
suo scilicet pro predicta terra perquirenda, quam pro paupertate mea 
adquirere non potui ; illi & beredibus suis tenendam de me & here- 
dibus meis libere & quiete, reddendo omni anno viis. ad duos 
terminos pro omni seruicio, scilicet ad Pascba quadraginta duos 
denarios, & ad festum sancti Michaelis quadraginta duos denarios. 
£t pro ista concessione et liberacione predictus Uillelmus dedit michi 
in kersuma unum talentum. Et ego Galfridus acquietabo predictam 
terram versus capitalem dominum. £t vt [&c. seeing], hiis testibus^ 
lohanne Kepeharm, Laurencio Kepeharm, Henrico filio Simeonis, 
Ricardo Brackele, Willelmo filio Radulfi, Henrico filio Secrim, Auredo 
de Helmele, Ricardo filio Owain & aliis.' 



* A later hand writes 'atwtrali, nt 
existimo.' This seems to be correct; 
the property was bounded by tenements 
of Oseney both north and south, that 
on the north being the land of the fee of 
Piritune, that on the south being Hosar's 
tenement (see next deed). 

> It is incredible that Galfridus filius 
Nigelli of the following deed can have 
beoi brother of one who gave the pro- 
perty before 11 09: he was probably 
grandson. 

* From the notes of Nicholas Bishop 
we learn that on the east side of Corn- 
market, opposite Frewen Court, there 
was a passage called at first venella 
abbaiis Oseneye^ afterwards Muleward*s 
lane, finally Colesboume*s lane, run- 
ning eastwards about 40 yards. The 
land to the south belonged to Oseney ; 
the land to the north, measuring about 
IS yards from north to south, and 30 
or 40 yards from east to west was 
given to Eynsham by William, son of 
NigeL It was diyided into various 



tenements each of which paid a small 
reserved rent to £3msham. Fadnff the 
street there were five shops, the middle 
one of which had some land behind and 
paid 5 s. a year to EynshanL It seems 
to be the tenement which is the subject 
of this and the next three charters. 

« Omitted in MS. 

' A later hand inserts above the line, 
*est situm in parte australi uenelle de 
Colesboume,' referring to Hosar's seld. 

• The following notes are in the bot- 
tom margin of folios 70^ and 71'. ' Mem. 
2uod alK)as Oseney habet duas seldas 
e Pyritone; quod quondam Robertus 
molendinarius illas habuit, vt patet per 
rentale eiusdem abbatis Oseneye factum 
de tempore domini lohannis de Rodeby 
coquinarii Oseneye, anno r« r. Edward! 
filii regis Edwardi sexto : ac edam per 
aliud rentale Oseneye de tempore fratris 
Thome Wycombe coquinarii ibidem 
factum in anno r. r. Klcardi secundi 
nono.' 



234 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

770. 

[Galfridus son of Nigel resigns land which he had unjustly 

claimed.] 

Nic Bish. Item habetur alia carta eiusdem GalfridL 
fol. 7I-' Sdant [Ac] quod ego Galfridus filius Nigelli de Gardino, penitens 

''97- quod ecclesiam iniuste ^ clamaui, totum ius quod in eadem terra me 
'^^ credidi habere in manus domini Roberti abbatis ecclesie eiusdem 
reddidi, Be iuramentum quod in tempore bone memorie Godefridi 
predecessoris sui feci, me scilicet terram illam nunquam calumpnia- 
turum, recognoui, eciam quod Robertum fratrem meum qui iam in 
fata cessit predicte terre heredem constitui, & omne ius quod ad me, 
siue ad heredes meos pertinere debebat ei concessi, iterato iuramento 
nee me, nee aliquem per me, de cetero prefatam ecclesiam super pre- 
dicta terra vexaturum, hiis testibus, magistro Marciano, lacobo clerico, 
lohanne de porta & aliis multis. 

771. 

[Galfridus son of Nigel and William his son grant land to 
WilUam de ultra la Haia.] 

Nic Bish. Item alia carta & optima. 
^ • ^^' Sciant [Ac] quod ego Galfridus filius Nigelli de Gardino concessi 

Ic iiQSJ & dimisi [&•] Uberaui Willelmo de ultra la Haia terram meam in 
Oxeneforde, que terra fuit Nigelli de Gardino patris mei & iacet versus 
aquilonarem portam de [Oxenford*] iuxta terram que fuit Willelmi 
Syward & Radulfi fratris eius, quam abbas Oseneye ecclesie tenet : illi 
& heredibus suis habendam & tenendam de me & heredibus meis in 
feodo & hereditate libere & quiete, honorifice & integre, sicut Nigellus 
pater meus illam terram tenuit ; reddendo inde annuatim michi & 
heredibus meis nouem solidos ad duos terminos anni pro omni ser- 
uicio, videlicet iiii s. vi d. in die Purificacionis beate Marie virginis, et 
iiii s. vi d. in die sancti Bartholomei apostoli. £t pro concessione 
[&C.J Willelmus prenominatus dedit michi duo bisantia de gersuma, 
et fidelitatem fecit de tenemento, Et ego [&c. warranty] & versus 
dominum de omni seruicio illam acquietabimus, saluo prescripto 
redditu michi & heredibus meis. Et ego Willelmus filius predicti 
Galfridi concessi & confirmaui sepedictam terram sepenominato 

^ Some words mnst be omitted : ham initiste clomani.' 
perhapi it should nin < qnod terram in ' Omitted in MS. 

Oxenefordia contra ecclesiam de Egnes- 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 225 

Willelmo & heredibus suis, habendam & tenendam firmiter & stabi- 
liter eodem seruicio de me & heredibus meis, sicut pater meus 
Galfridus earn concessit habendam & tradidit tenendam. £t pro 
concessione mea & confirmacione idem WiUelmus dedit [michi^] unum 
bisancium. £t vt premissa perpetuo rata & inconcussa teneantur, ego 
Gaufridus & Willehnus hac carta nostra presenti sigillorom nos- 
trorum munimine roborata confirmauimus ; hiis testibus, Gaufrido 
filio Petri, Willekno de Boclanda, & Gaufrido de Boclanda, lohanne 
Kepeharm, Laurencio filio eius, Petro filio Galfridi, Willehno fratre 
Anket[illi], Henrico filio Segrim, Willekno Knit & aliis.* 



772. 

[Dionysia daughter of Simon Blancpaln grants her seld to 
SyvrsLTd de Bamptone.] 

Sciant [&c.] quod ego Dionysia quondam filia Sjononis Blancpain Nic. Bisb. 
in mea ligea [etate '] & potestate mea dedi & concessi [&c] Sy wardo ^^^" ^^• 
de Bamptone zonario totam illam seldam suam cum solario supra '^®^' 
& omnibus pertinenciis suis, que est inter terram que fiiit Willelmi 
Warewyk' ex una parte & terram que fuit lohannis le Fraunceys ex 
altera, in parochia sancti Michaelis aquilonaris in lormeria Oxonie ; 
habendam & tenendam predicto Sywardo & heredibus sub vel suis 
assignatis, videlicet cuicunque dare vel vendere, legare vel assignare 
voluerit, sine in sanitate sine in egritudine, in religione vel extra 
religionem iure hereditario, libere, quiete, integre, bene & in pace 
imperpetuum: reddendo inde annuatim abbati de Egnesham quin- 
que solidos sterlingorum ad quatuor anni termlnos [viz. xv d. Sept. 29, 
Dec. 21, Mar. 25, June 24] et ad luminare ecclesie sancti Michaelis 
aquilonaris Oxonie duos denarios ad Pascha, & michi Sc heredibus 
meis unum par albarum cyrothecarum vnius oboli vel vnum obolum 
ad Pascha pro omni seruicio & exaccione & demanda. £t ego [&c. 
warranty]. Pro hac autem donacione [&c.] dedit michi predictus 

^ Omitted in MS. assen^ granted to Syward short leases 

* It is probable that this deed is of this tenement, and that Dionysia 
earlier than 769 and 770. G. filius Petri came of age in 136a. 

and G. de Bociand were jnstidars from It is necessary to assume that the 

the year 11 95; they were also officials holding of William de ultra la Haia 

at the Exchequer, where perhaps this passed to Simon Blancpain. From 

deed was executed. Syward it seems to have passed to 

* Not in MS. ; but it is evident we Nicholas the miller, and so ultimately 
must not supply 'viduitate*; for the to Nicholas Bishop, the rent to £yn- 
three preceding charters in Nicholas sham remaining at 5 s. until 1366, sub- 
Bishop mention that in 1256 and 1260 sequently falling to one shilling (see 
the guardians of Dionysia, with her No. 779). 

U. Q 



226 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Sywardus pre manibus sexaginta solidos sterlingomm in gersoma. 
£t ut [&c sealing], hiis testibus, Nicbolao de Kjngestone tone 
maiore Qxonie, Willelmo de £w, lohanne Pady tunc balliais, 
Roberto molendinario, Ricardo de Cantoaria, Nicbolao Dewy, 
Tboma de Wyncestria, Ricardo Pahnere, Serlone Cooke, Nicbolao 
Edrich, lordano le Tannere, Reginaldo fabro, Galfrido derico 
& aliis. 

773. 

[Henry de Wigomia surrenders to Philip the miller land 
that was of the fee of Eynsham.] 

Nic.Bish. Sciant [&c.] quod ego Henricus de Wigomia sellarius concessi 
fol. 55^ ^ dimisi & liberaui & quietum clamaui Philippo molendinario illud 

[c. *^*^ tenementum quod de predicto Philippo tenui in parochia sancti 
Michaelis in Oxenforde pro nouem solidis & quatuor denariis per 
annum. Concessi eciam & dimisi & liberaui eidem Philippo quantum 
habui in tenemento retro iUam terram vnde solebam reddere abbati 
de Egnesbam zvi d. per annum: habendum & tenendum predicto 
Philippo & heredibus suis de me & heredibus meis ; reddendo inde 
michi & heredibus meis viginti duos denarios ad duos terminos anni, 
medietatem ad Pascha & medietatem ad festum sancti Michaelis : et 
ego 8c heredes mei banc terram que est de feodo abbatis de Egnesham 
[&C. warranty]. Pro hac autem concessione [&c.] tenementi, quod 
ei quietum clamaui, & pro concessione [&c.] terre quam ei in feudum 
dimisi, dedit michi Philippus quindecim marcas argenti, unde solui 
xii marcas in ludaismo ad predicta tenementa acquietanda. Preterea 
idem PhUippus concessit & dimisit & liberauit michi & heredibus meis 
solarium & celarium, quod est inter seldas & terram quam predicto 
Philippo quietum clamaui, quod solarium est tam supra introitum 
quam supra celarium, quod celarium habet in longitudine tres ulnas & 
quatuor pollices [id est xi pedes & vii pollices *] ; unde ego Henricus 
& heredes mei sustentabimus guttarium superius & guttarium inferius, 
nee aliquam aperturam versus terram predicti Philippi habebimus: 
habendum &, tenendum michi & heredibus meis de predicto Philippo 
& heredibus eius; reddendo inde per annum predicto Philippo & 
heredibus suis tres solidos ad duos terminos anni [xviii d. at Easter, 
xviii d. Sept. 29]. Hoc tenementum ita recepi a predicto Philippo 
michi & heredibus meis in fisudum, quod ego vel heredes mei non 
poterimus illud vendere vel inuadiare vel aliquo modo alienare, quin 
illud hereditarie de predicto Philippo & heredibus eius teneamus, sicut 

^ Added above the line. 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 227 

prediuisum est Sed [si ^] ita contigerit quod non possimus predicto 
Philippo terrain warrantizare, quam ei in feudum posui, predictum 
tenementum, quod de eo in feudum accepi, predicto Philippo & 
heredibus eius solutum & quietum remanebit. £t vt [&c. alternate 
sealing], hiis testibus, Roberto Oien, lohanne Padi, Galfrido de 
Stokwelle, Thoma iuxta murum tunc preposito, Ricardo corde- 
wanario, Simone Lormerio, Simone Hus, lohanne Mazalin, lohanne 
de Kyng', Hugone de Heiford, Hugone Harding, & multis aliis. 



774.' 

[Pavia, widow of Henry de Wigornia, confirms his cliarter.] 

Sciant [&c.] quod ego Pauia relicta Henrid de Wigornia concessi, Nic. Bish. 
dimisi [&c.] Philippo molendinario illud tenementum quod tenui de *^ ' ^ * 
abbate de Egnesham in parochia sancti Michaelis ad portam aquilo- L^' '^^®~i 
narem Oxonie : habendum & tenendum predicto Philippo & heredibus 
eius, de me & heredibus meis : reddendo inde michi & heredibus meis 
xviii d. per annum pro omni seruicio. £x quibus xviii d. predictus 
Philipus & heredes eius reddent annuatim abbathie de Egnesham 
xvi d. pro me & heredibus meis [viii d. at Easter, & viii d. Sept. 29] 
& michi & heredibus meis duos denarios ad festum sancti Michaelis. 
Et ego [&c. warranty]. Et sciendum est quod predictus Philippus pro 
confirmacione Henrid viri mei in vita sua & pro confirmacione mea 
post vitam Henrid viri mei dedit nobis quatuor marcas, unde acquie- 
tauimus terram nostram in ludaismo. Et vt [&c sealing], hiis testibus, 
domino Roberto Oyen, lohanne de Haliwelle, Philippo Burgense, 
lohanne Fraunceys, Henrico molendinario, Simone Paneller', Galfrido 
Tuluse,' et multis aliis.' 

775. 

[Hugo Panelarins grants to Laurence Wundur a tenement 
in Colesboume's lane held of Eynsham.] 

Notum [&c.] quod ego Hugo Panelarius per voluntatem & per Nic Bish. 
concessum Lecie vxoris mee, filie Symonis Pictoris, & per voluntatem foL 57' 
&, assensum Ricardi Pictoris, fratris ipsius Lecie uxoris mee, concessi [c. 1200O 
& dimisi & liberaui Laurendo Wundur totam iUam terram meam in 

^ Not in MS. withatenementdownColesbonrae'slane, 

' This word is uncertain. which paid 16 d. a year to Eynsham; 

' The tenement described in this and ultimately it became part of the holding 

the prerions charter may be identified of Nicholas Bishop (see No. 777). 

2 



228 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

parochia sancti Michaelis aquilonaris Oxonie, quam Simon Pictor 
socer meus dedit michi in liberum maritagium cum Leda filia ipsius, 
sicut suum' adr 3itum; ipsi Laurencio & heredibus suis habendam & 
tenendam de me Hugone &, Lecia vzore mea & de heredibus nostris, 
qui enmt de eadem Lecia, in feodo & hereditate, libere & quiete & ita 
plenarie & ita integre cum introitu & exitu per venellam ad ipsam 
terram contra piUoriam,* sicut Symon Pictor socer meus illam terram 
unquam aliquo tempore plenarius & integrius in latum & in longum 
tenuit : reddendo annuatim pro tota predicta terra [ille '] & heredes 
sui, pro me Hugone & pro predictis heredibus meis, abbati & conuentui 
de Egnesham tres solidos ad quatuor terminos anni [viz. ix d. Mar. 25, 
June 24, Sep. 29, Dec. 21], et insuper michi Hugoni & heredibus 
meis predictis unum denarium singulis annis reddendum ad festum 
sancti Michaelis pro omni seruicio michi Hugoni & heredibus meis 
pertinente. Et ego Hugo & Lecia uxor mea & heredes nostri waran- 
tizabimus totam predictam terram integre cum ingressu & egressu per 
venellam ad ipsam terram [&c warranty]. Et propter banc meam 
concessionem [&c.] prefatus Laurencius dedit michi Hugoni & Lecie 
uxori mee quindecim solidos argenti in gersuma, & Ricardo fratri 
uxoris mee dedit Laurencius tres solidos pro suo assensu & suo 
concensu. Et Laurencius fecit michi Hugoni fidelitatem de ipso 
tenemento & de predicto redditu, reddendo sicut prescriptum & 
prediuisum est. Ut autem [&c sealing], hiis testibus, Laurencio 
Kepeharm tunc aldermanno Oxonie, Thoma filio Eihici, Adam 
Rupho, Turoldo cordewanario, Roberto filio Oweyn, Lamberto 
cordewanario, Henrico de Lisuic, Rogero filio Stephani, Waltero de 
Ponte, Ricardo filio Durant, Willelmo de Pischecote, Willelmo filio 
Anfridi, Thoma fratre eius, Frome[n]do Barefot, Willelmo de 
Warwyk, Radulpho filio Laurencii, Henrico molendinario, Humedeu 
le Taillour, Symone de Brackele & multis aliis. 

776. 

[Laurence Wundtir grants the same tenement to Philip the 

miller.] 

NicBish. Sciant [&c.] quod ego Laurencius Wundur dedi [&c.] Philippo 
fol. 58'. tnolendinario totam illam terram in venella contra pilloriam quam 



[c. 1225.] 



^ Tenements were divided into those on his daughter, 

that were inherited and those that were ' The pillory stood in Commarket, 

acquired ; those which were inherited opposite tne entrance to Frewen Cooit. 

by Simon would pass to his son Richard, * Not in MS. 
what had been acquired might be settled 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 229 

tenui de Hugone Panellatore & de Lecia uxore sua in parochia sancti 
Michaelis aqoilonaris Oxonie ; habendam & tenendam predicto Philippo 
& heredibus suis vel cuicunque voluerit dare, vendere, legare vel 
assignare tarn in egritudine quam in sanitate: reddendo inde annuatim 
abbati de Egnesham tres solidos ad quatuor tenninos anni, & michi & 
heredibus meis unum denarium ad festum sancti Michaelis pro omni 
seniicio. Et ego Laiu-encius Wundur [Ac. warranty]. Et ut [&c. 
sealing], hiis testibus, Roberto Oien, lohanne Pady, Osberto clerico, 
lohanne Oien, Simone de Brackele, Nicholao Lormerio, Uincencio & 
multis aliis. 



777. 

[The abbot of Eynsham grants to Nicholas the miller two 
tenements at a rent of 4 s. 4 d.] 

Sciant [&c.] quod nos Thomas miseracione diuina abbas Egnesham Nic. Bish. 
& eiusdem loci conuentus unanimi assensu & voluntate dedimus [&c.] *^ ' 59^* 
Nicholao filio Roberti molendinarii Oxonie totum illud mesuagiimi ^'^ '~ ^ 1 
cum omnibus suis pertinenciis, quod situm est in quadam venella 
contra collestrigium ex parte orientali inter terram abbatis Oseneye 
ex parte australi & terram predicti Nicholai ex parte boriali in parochia 
sancti Michaelis aquilonaris Oxonie; habendum & tenendum totum 
predictum mesuagium cum omnibus suis pertinenciis predicto Nicholao 
& heredibus suis vel suis assignatis de nobis & successoribus nostris, 
cuicunque volyerit dare, vendere, legare vel assignare, tam in egritu- 
dine quam in sanitate, libere, quiete, pacifice, & integre imperpetuum : 
reddendo inde annuatim nobis & successoribus nostris iiii s. & iiii d. 
ad quatuor anni tenninos [viz. xiii d. Dec. 25, Mar. 25, June 24, 
Sep. 29], pro omni seruido [&c.]. Et nos [&c. warranty] contra 
lohannem de Bosco & heredes suos. In cuius [&c. alternate sealing], 
hiis testibus, lohanne Culuerd, Nicholao de Kyngestone, Henrico 
Oweyn, lohanne de Oo, Nicholao aurifabro, lohanne Sewy, Thoma 
Sewy, Andrea de Dureham, lohanne de Bedeford.* 

^ These are the two tenements in the The abbey therefore returned it to the 

lane opposite the pillory, which had previous tenant at the previous rent, 

been acquired by Philip the miller. The tenement on the north held by 

grandfather of Nicholas. A deed in Nicholas the miller is probably the 

Vol. i, p. 373, shows why it was neces- Oseney tenement, called the Piriton 

sary that Eynsham should grant the tenement, which was held by Robert 

holding afresh. In 1269 John de Bosco the miller in 1260, according to the 

had recovered one of these tenements by Oseney rental of that year (Bodl. Oseney 

verdict of the itinerant justices, but sub* Roll, no. 52). 
sequently he granted it to Eynsham. 



230 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 



778. 

[Nicholas the miller grants to William de Colesboume two 
tenements in Hnleswardes lane & a shop in the high street.] 

Nic. Bish. Sciant [&c.] quod ego Nicholaus dictus molendinarius de Oxonia 
foL 62'. jg^ji |-^ j willelmo de Colesboume & Sibilie uxori eius duo mesuagia 
i^9^- cum pertinendis que sita sunt in parochia sancti Michaelis ad portam 
borialem Oxonie in venella que vocatur Mulewardeslane inter tene- 
mentum quondam Philippi de Ew ex parte boriali & tenementum 
abbatis Oseneje ex parte australi, una cum quadam selda^ que sita 
est iuxta viam regiam in eadem parochia inter terram abbatis de 
Egnesham ex parte una videlicet ex parte australi, & terram predicti 
abbatis de Oseneya ex parte altera, scilicet ex parte boreali: Imbenda 
& tenenda predicta duo mesuagia una cum predicta selda cum 
omnibus vbique suis pertinendis, iuribus, consuetudinibus onmibus 
Sc singulis, quibus dicta mesuagia muniuntur ab antiquo prefatis 
Willelmo & Sibilie uxori eius & eorum heredibus vel eorundem 
assignatis de capitalibus dominis feodi per seruicia inde debita & de 
iure consueta imperpetuum, libere, quiete, bene & in pace, pro omni 
seruicio seculari, exacdone & demanda. Et ego [&c. warranty]. Pro 
hac autem donadone [&c.] dederunt michi predicti Willelmus 
& Sibilia vxor eius centum solidos sterlingorum pre manibus. 
Et vt [&c sealing], hiis testibus, Philippo de Ew tunc maiore 
Oxonie, Andrea de Purye, & lohanne de ColeshuU tunc ballivis, 
lohanne de Ew, Andrea Culuerd, Thoma dicto Mareschallo, Ricardo 
Barbitonsore, Willelmo de Stoke, Willelmo de Lambome derico & 
aliis. 

779- 

[Record of a lawstdt between Eynsham and Bartholomew 

Tavemer.] 

Nic. Bish. Hustengum Oxon' tentum ibidem coram maiore et balliuis eiusdem 

fol. 57. uille die Lune in crastino sancte Trinitatis anno regni regis Edwardi 

^^^' ^^^^^^ P^^^ conquestum quadragesimo. Ad istud hustengum missum 

fuit quoddam recordum de Banco domini regis cum transcripto 

^ This shop seems to be the tenement the Piriton tenement of Oseney : on the 

of charters 769-772 ; if its premises ran south was a shop belonging to God- 

behmd the shops of Matilda de Magno stow (see No. 781), bnt its capital lord 

Ponte (see No. 78 aV it would be rightly was Eynsham, receiving from Godstow 

described as bounded on the north by a rent of two shillings (see No. 788). 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 231 

ciiiusdam breuis domini regis originalis, illi recordo consuto, quod 
quidem transcriptum breuis predicti patet in hec uerba: 'Edwardus 
del gracia rex Anglie, dominus Hibemie et Aquitanie vicecomiti 
Oxonie salutem. Precipe Bartholomeo tabernario de Oxonia quod 
iuste et sine dUatione reddat abbati de Egnesham mesuagium cum 
pertinenciis in Oxonia, in quod idem Bartholomeus non habet ingres- 
sum nisi per Willelmum de Colesbome, qui illud ei dimisit, qui illud 
de prefato abbate tenuit per seruicia dicta, et quod ad ipsum abbatem 
revenire debet per formam statuti de communi consilio regni nostri 
inde provisi, eo quod predictus Willelmus in &ciendo predicta servicia 
per biennium iam cessauit ut dicit. £t nisi fecerit, et predictus abbas 
fecit te securum de clamio suo predicto, tunc summone per bonos 
summonitores predictum Bartholomeum quod sit coram iusticiis 
nostris apud Westmonasterium in crastino beati Martini, ostensurum 
quare non fecerit ; et habeas ibi summonitores et hoc breve. Teste 
me ipso apud Westmonasterium vicesimo die Septembris anno regni 
nostri tricesimo nono.' Et dictum transcriptum indorsatur in hac 
forma : * plegii de predicto Willehnus atte jate, lohannes atte Hole.' 
Et patet dictum recordum in hec verba : * Placita apud Westmona- 
sterium coram Roberto de Thorp et sociis suis, iusticiis domini regis 
de Banco, de termino Pasche, anno regni regis Edwardi tercii a 
conquestu quadragesimo. Oxon. : abbas de Egnesham per attor- 
natum suum petit versus Bartholomeum Tavemer de Oxonia unum 
mesuagium cum pertinenciis in Oxonia, in quod idem Bartholomeus 
non habet ingressum nisi per Willelmum de Colesbome, qui illud 
ei dimisit, qui illud de prefato abbate tenuit per certa seruicia, et quod 
ad ipsimi abbatem reverti debet per formam statuti de communi 
consilio regni nostri Anglie inde provisi, eo quod predictus Willelmus 
in faciendo predicta servicia per biennium iam cessavit. Et predictus 
Bartholomeus per attornatum suum venit; et super hoc venerunt 
faidlivi Ubertatis ville Oxonie et petierunt inde libertatem suam. Et 
quh^ huiusmodi libertas alias allocata fuit eis hie per breve domini 
regis « nunc, prout patet termino sancte Trinitatis anno regni domini 
regis nunc primo, rotulo xviii, ideo habeant libertatem suam in placito 
isto. Et iidem ballivi prefixerunt diem partibus coram eis apud 
Oxoniam die Lune in crastino sancte Trinitatis proximo futuro. Et 
dictiun est eisdem ballivis quod partibus predictis celerem iusticiam 
exhibeant; alioquin redeant &c.' Virtute cuius adiomationis tam 
predictus abbas per lohannem Hardewyk attornatum suum, quam 
predictus Bartholomeus in propria persona sua venerunt ad diem 
Lune supradictum. Et predictus abbas per dictum attornatum suum 
petit versus predictum Bartholomeum predictum mesuagium cum 



233 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

pertinenciis ut ius suuin, ut de iure ecclesie sue predicte de Egnesham, 
quod idem Bartholomeus de eo tenet per certa servicia ; et in quod 
idem Bartholomeus non habet ingressum nisi per Willelmum de 
Colesbome qui iUud ei dimisit, qui illud de prefato abbate tenuit 
per certa servicia, et quod ad ipsum abbatem reverti debet per 
formam statuti de communi consilio regni nostri regis inde provisi, 
eo quod predictus Willelmus in faciendo predicta servicia per 
biennium iam cessavit. £t unde idem abbas per predictum attor- 
natum suum dicit quod, cum predictus Willelmus tenuit de abbate 
de Egnesham predictum mesuagium per feodelitatem et servicium 
quinque solidorum per annum, de quibus feodelitate et servido quidam 
Nicholaus de Upton quondam abbas, predecessor istius abbatis, qui 
nunc petit, fuit seisitus per manus predicti Willelmi ut per manus veri 
tenentis sui tempore pacis tempore domini regis nunc, qui quidem 
Willelmus in faciendo predicta servicia per biennium iam cessavit, 
per quam accionem accrevit prefato abbati, nunc petenti, dictum tene- 
mentum in dominico &c. ; et inde produdt sectam &c. ; et predictus 
Bartholomeus feodelitatem et servicium predictum non potuit dedicere. 
Ideo consideratum est quod predictus abbas recuperet redditum suum 
predictum, &c., simu) cum arreragiis vei dictum mesuagium in dominico 
suo; et quod predictus Bartholomeus sit in misericordia &c £t 
dictus Bartholomeus ofTert in curia se satisfac[turum] de dicto redditu 
et arreragiis. £t predictus abbas per attomatum suum petit securi- 
tatem suffidentem de dicto redditu fideliter in posterum solvendo ibi 
inveniendam. £t predictus Bartholomeus, nomine securitatis, obligat 
hie in curia tam predictum mesuagium quam omnia alia tenementa 
sua in Oxonia districtioni ipsius abbatis et successorum suorum 
imperpetuum quodenscunque et quandocunque dictus redditus in 
parte vel in toto a retro imposterum existere contigerit. Pro qua 
quidem concessione, fine et concordia predictus abbas per dictum 
attomatum suum perdonavit eidem Bartholomeo hie in curia omnia 
arreragia redditus predicti de toto tempore preterito usque in hunc 
diem. £t concedit iam abbas insuper quod idem Bartholomeus 
et Isabella uxor eius et lohanna fiUa eorundem Bartholomei et 
IsabeUe teneant et tenere possint pacifice predictum mesuagium cum 
pertinenciis de predicto abbate et successoribus suis per servicium 
duodecim denariorum tantummodo eidem abbati et successoribus 
suis annuatim inde reddendum ad totam vitam ipsorum Bartholomei, 
Isabelle etiohanne sine ulteriori redditu eidem abbati et successoribus 
suis inde reddendo, ita tamen quod statim post mortem ipsorum 
Bartholomei, Isabelle et lohanne predictus redditus quinque solidorum 
extunc eidem abbati et successoribus suis annuatim de mesuagio 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 233 

predicto exigatur et solvatur ad quorumcunque manus predictum 
mesuagium devenerit imposterum sine contradictione aliquali ipsius 
abbatis iuzta tenementa died Bartholomei in eadem venella ad 
nocumentum ipsius abbatis ideo adiudicanda. 



780. 

[£3m8ham grants to Bartholomew Bishop a lease of 
a shop.] 

Noverint [Ac] quod religiosi viri frater Galfridus del miseracione Nic Bish. 
abbas de Egneshsun & conuentus eiusdem loci tradiderunt, conces- *^1. 95^ 
serunt, 8c ad finnam dimiserimt Bartholomeo Bysshoppe Tabemario Oct. 9, 
de Oxonia & Isabelle vxori eius & Alicie filie eorundem ad totam '^ 
vitam ipsorum & eorum cuilibet diucius viventi quandam seldam 
dictorum abbatis & conuentus apud Oxoniam in parochia sancti 
Michaelis aquilonaris Oxonie> sitam inter seldam quam abbatissa de 
Godestowe de eisdem abbate & conuentu tenet & quam cooperit 
solarium huius selde, a parte boreali, & seldam abbatis de Oseneya 
ex parte austndi; habendam & tenendam memoratis Bartholomeo, 
Isabelle & Alicie ad totam uitam ipsorum, ut prefertur, cum con- 
dicionibus infrascriptis ; reddendo scilicet inde & faciendo pre- 
nominatis abbati 8c conuentui & eorum successoribus annuatim 
decem solidos legaUs monete ad quatuor anni terminos. [If the 
three die before the completion of sixty years, the heirs and assigns 
may hold the premises at the same rent, until the completion of 
that term. Bartholomew will rebuild the sdd together with the 
solar within two years. The tenants will do all repairs. Egnesham 
may distrain if the rent is withheld.] Quod si predicti B., I. & A. 
vel edam ipsorum assignati a solucione dicti redditus in parte vel 
in toto per annum integrum defecerint seu cessauerint eorum aliquis 
sic requiratur,^ aut si altera via, tam patens, tam apta tamque per- 
facilis ad distringendum intra dictam seldam pro redditu quatuor soli- 
dorum & quatuor denariorum sepedictis abbati & conuentui debitorum 
de bradna, dicta Colesbome, 8c pro aliis redditibus eisdem debitis^ 
sicut fuit ilia via quam dictus B. ad angulum supradicte selde orien- 
talem nuper preclusit, per quam pretactus abbas & conuentus intrare 
pro redditu suo querendo solebant, vel eciam si prenominati B., I. 
aut A., seu eciam ipsorum assignati ab edificatione 8c sustentacione 
prefate selde deuiauerint [&c., then Eynesham shall have the right to 

1 Some words are wanting ; perhaps eomm alionis defecerit sen cessanerit, 
the deed should mn : ' cessanerint aut ant si leqnlratnr altera via &c.' 



234 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

retain the seld] dictamque preclusionem introitus pro libitu sue 
aperire & pro redditu predicto distringcre cum a retro fuerit. Dat' 
apud Egnesham die Lune proxima post festum sancti Michaelis anno 
regni regis Edwardi III quadragesimo secundo.' 



781. 

[Godstow grants a lease of a shop in Cornmarket.] 

NicBish. Hec indentura testatur quod domina abbatissa de Godestow et 

foL 104. eiusdem loci conuentus concesserunt, tradiderunt et ad firmam dimi- 

^^^^' *^» serunt Nicholao filio Bartholomei Bysshop de Oxonia unam shopam * 

* situatam subtus solarium abbatis et conventus de Egnesham inter 

tenementum dictonmi abbatis et conventus ex parte australi et 

tenementum dicti Nicholai ex parte boriali ; que quidem shopa cum 

postibus et muris continet in longitudine octodecim pedes et in 

laiitudine quinque pedes et dimidium ; habendam et tenendam pre- 

fato Nicholao, heredibus et assignatis suis a die confeccionis pre- 

sencium usque ad finem termini sexaginta annorum extunc proximo 

sequencium; reddendo inde annuatim quatuor solidos et quatuor 

denarios. [The abbess may distrain for the rent,] Datum apud 

Godestowe in crastino annimciacionis beate Marie virginis anno regni 

regis Henrici quarti post conquestum tercio. 



782. 
[Matilda de Hagno Ponte grants two shops to Ejmsham.] 

Nic. Bish. Sciant [&c.] quod ego Matilda de Magno Ponte in ligea potestate 
foL 72^. jjjgj^ ^^^^ concessi & hac presenti carta mea confirmaui abbati & 
'^^^ conuentui de Egnesham duas seldas cum omnibus pertinenciis suis 
Mi^ in lormeria Oxonie in parochia sancti Michaelis aquilonaris Oxonie, 
1250. que selde iacent inter terram Robert! molendinarii ex parte boreali 
& terram Symonis Blancpain ex parte australi, habendas & tenendas 
predictis abbati & conuentui & eorum successoribus de me & here- 
dibus meis in feodo & hereditate, libere, quiete, pacifice, & integre,: 
reddendo inde annuatim michi & heredibus meis vnum denarium ad 
Pascha pro omni seruicio, exaccione & demanda. Et ego [&c. 

^ The shop granted by this charter Eynsham by Simon Pictor (See VoL I, 

lay immediately north of Colesbonme's p. 197). 

lane, and south of the shop mentioned ' It was between the two tenements 

in charter no. 781. It was given to described in No. 780 and No. 778. > 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 235 

warranty]. Pro hac autem donacione [&c.] dedenint michi predictus 
abbas & conuentus centum solidos sterlingonim pre manibus in 
gersumam. Vt igitur [&c. sealing], hiis testibus, Thoma filio Walteri 
tunc maiore Oxon*, Hugone cordewanario, Aluredo Lespicer & aliis.^ 



« 783. 

[£3aisham grants this tenement in perpetuity to Thomas 

de Wynton.] 

Omnibus [&c.] Gilbertus dei grada abbas Egneshamie & eiusdem Nic Bish. 
loci conuentus salutem in domino. Nouerit uniuersitas uestra nos ^^^* 73'- 
dedisse [&c.] Thome de Wynton' lormario Oxonie duas seldas cum Mich- 
omnibus pertinenciis suis in lonneria Oxonie in parochia sancti ]£^7 
Michaelis aquilonaris Oxonie, que selde iacent inter teiram Roberti 1950. 
molendinarii [ex parte boreali*] & terram Symonis Blancpain [ex 
parte australi']; habendas & tenendas sibi & heredibus suis vel suis 
assignatis, exceptis viris religiosis & iudeis, de nobis & successoribus 
nostris libere, quiete, pacifice & integre: reddendo inde annuatim 
nobis & successoribus nostris duas marcas argenti ad quatuor anni 
terminos [viz. Mar. 25, June 24, Sep. 29, Dec. 25] pro omni seruicio, 
exaccione & demanda, nobis &. successoribus nostris de predictis 
seldis pertinent]. £t nos [&c. warranty]. £t predictus Thomas & 
heredes sui vel sui assignati predictas duas seldas cum pertinenciis 
suis de proprio custu suo bene 8c competenter sustentabunt. Pre- 
dictus vero Thomas concessit pro se & heredibus suis & assignatis 
quod nos & successores nostri possimus ipsum distringere & heredes 
suos vel suos assignatos per omnia catalla sua [&c. if the rent be 
withheld]. Ut igitur [&c. alternate sealing], hiis testibus, Thoma 
filio Walteri tunc maiore Oxonie, Hugone cordewanario, Aluredo le 
Spicer tunc prepositis, Henrico Symeone, Petro filio Toraldi, Lauren- 
cio Ruffo, Nicholao Dewy, Thoma le Forbour', Thoma le Espicer, 
Roberto clerico & aliis.^ 



^ The shop mentioned in this deed Matilde de Magno Ponte predicta, vel 

lay sonth of the Piriton tenement of com carta Phuippi molendinarii, yt 

Osoiey, occupied by Robert son of sabscribitnr.* He then gives a charter 

Philip the miller, and north of the of Philip the miller, bnt it refers to a 

tenement described in charters 769-772. tenement on the other side of the road ; 

* Added above the line. this is only one instance from many, 

-^ This word is uncertain. showing that he was very uncertain 

^ Nicholas Bishop adds a note : ' ista what tenements were meant in the char- 

carta concordat in parte cum carta ters before him. 



236 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

784. 

[Eynsham grants a lease of the same shops to IXniliam 
of Bergeveny and his wife.] 

Nic. Bish. Hec indentura, fecta apud Egnesham inter Galfridum abbatem de 
fol. 80^. Egnesham & eiusdem loci conuentum ex parte una & Uillelmum de 
July 95, Bergeuenj harpour & lulianam vxorem suam de Oxonia ex allbra, 
*^^* testatur quod predictus abbas & conuentus unanimi concensu & 
assensu concesserunt, tradideront & dimisenint predictis Uillelmo 
& luliane vxori sue duas seldas cum solar[iis] desuper existent[ibus] 
infra portam aquilonarem Oxonie, situatas inter seldas abbatis Oseney 
ex parte una, videlicet boreali, & seldam que vocatur Colesboume 
ex altera, videlicet ex parte australi : habendas & tenendas predictas 
duas seldas prefatis Uillelmo & I\iliane vxori sue ad terminum uite 
eorundem seu eorum alteri diucius uiuenti de abbate & conuentu 
predictis & eorum successoribus ; reddendo inde annuatim eisdem 
abbati & conuentui & eorum successoribus decem solidos ster- 
lingorum ad festa sancti Michaelis archangel!, sancti Thome apostoli, 
Annunciacionis beate Marie, et Natiuitatis sancti lohannis Baptbte, 
equis porcionibus, prout in antiquo registro eonmdem abbatis & 
conuentus inde plenius continetur. Dat' apud Egnesham in festo 
sancti lacobi apostoli, anno regni regis Edwardi tercii vicesimo sexto.^ 



785. 

[Qtdtdaim by Elinore, daughter of GeofErey le Saucer, to 
Nicholas the miller, of all her right in a seld and solar 
on the west side of Ck)mmarket.] 

Feb. ao, Omnibus [&c.] Elinor[a] filia Galfridi le Saucer de Oxonia salutem 
1998. in domino sempitemam. Noueritis me remisisse & concessisse & 
omnino pro me & heredibus meis uel meis assignatis in perpetuum 
quietum clamasse Nicholao filio Roberd molendinarii de Oxonia 
totum ius meiun & clamium, quod unquam habui, habeo vel aliquo iure 
habere potui in una selda cum solario super predictam seldam edificato 
& cum omnibus perdnenciis suis, que quidem selda ' sita est in parochia 

^ After the fall of renti caused by the ' This seld seems to have been at 

great pestilence, the heirs of Thomas of the corner on the north side of the alley 

Winchester mnst have allowed their called Bedford's lane, half way between 

holding of the two shops to lapse to Frewen Court and North Gate. See 

Eynsham ; and now the abbey gives a also VoL I, p. 18S. 
lease of them at a lower rent 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 237 

sancti Michaelis borealis Oxonie inter seldam Ricardi de Dadington 
ex parte un^ [viz. ex parte boreali ^ j & seldam que est ad comerium, 
que [sic] ducit se per unam venellam usque ad domum lohannis de 
Bedeford; habendam & tenendam predictam seldam cum solario 
predict© & cum omnibus suis pertinenciis prefato Nicholao & here- 
dibus suis vel suis assignatis libere, quiete, bene et in pace imper- 
petuum; ita videlicet quod nee ego predicta Elenora nee aliquis 
heredum meorum nee assignatorum, nee aliquis alius nomine meo 
aliquid iuris, clamei, seu calumpnie in predicta selda cum solario 
nee in suis pertinentiis de cetero exigere vel vendicare poterimus 
imperpetuum. In cuius [&c. sealing], hiis testibus, Andrea de Purye 
tunc maiore Oxonie, Thoma de Henxeie, & lohanne de Coleshull 
tunc balliuis eiusdem viUe, Thoma Marescallo, Willelmo de Coles- 
borne, Willelmo de Stok', Ricardo Barbitonsore, lohanne de Bede- 
ford, Willekno de Lambome clerico & aliis. Dat' apud Oxoniam 
die louis proxima ante festum sancti Petri> quod ^ didtm- Cathedra, 
anno regni regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici uicesimo sexto. 

786. 

[An agreement between E3msham and John Kepehamu] 

Hec est conuencio facta inter abbatem de Egnesham & conuentum Nic Bish. 
eiusdem domus & lohannem Kepeharm de Oxonia videlicet quod foL79'. 
abbas & conuentus concesserunt & dimiserunt lohanni Kepeharm [c. ngo- 
terram quam Segrim Dyaconus tenuit uersus portam aquilonarem ^'J 

Oxonie, habendam & tenendam de ecclesia Egnesham in vita sua ; 
reddendo inde annuatim vi s. pro omnibus seruiciis ; et prenominatus 
lohannes pro salute anime sue & uxoris sue & filiorum suorum & 
antecessorum suorum terram predictam cum omnibus edificiis & 
expensis, quas in edificiis predicte terre posuit, post obitum suiun 
donauit & quietam clamauit deo & sancte Marie & ecclesie de 
Egnesham & monachis ibidem deo seruientibus. Et pro hac con- 
cessione & donacione abbas & conuentus de Egnesham receperunt 
lohannem Kepeharm in monachum sue congregacionis, s[cilicet] 
in plenar[]um] beneficium^ monachi. Hoc pactum sepedlctus 
lohannes pro se & heredibus suis affidauit, tenendum deo & sancte 
Marie & ecclesie de Egnesham : et eciam hoc scriptum sigillo suo 
corroborauit. Hiis testibus^ Nigello decano Oxon', Lamberto filio 

^ Added above the line; the words * 'qne'MS. 

are correct, for Hundred Rolls ii, 795 • This word is doubtful. Hurst in 

gives Richard de Dadington as next his transcript (MS. Top. Oxon. d. 7a) 

tenant on the north. suggests * victnm *. 



238 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Toui, Petro filio Gaufridi filii Durant, lohanne filio Radulfi, Thoma 
filio Eilric, Henrico filio Segrim, Rogero filio Sewy, Rogero 
Brodeker^ Ricardo filio Alani, Henrico de Litetona *, Baitholomeo 
nepote Abbatis, Radulfo fratre eius, Henrico Banastre^ Ade [pc] de 
Walinf[ord], Gilberto Graunt, Roberto de Benefeeld, Simone^ 
Mar[e]8c[aUo]». 



787. 
[Another agreement about the same property.] 

Nic. Bish. Hec est convencio facta inter Robertum abbatem Egneshamie & 
foL 8o^ ciusdem loci conuentum & lohannem Kepeharm super terra Segrim 

Sept. 30, Dyaconi que iacet in magna strata de Oxonia versus portam de North 
1200. ijjjgj. teiram Hospitalariorum & locelini ; quod scilicet predictus 
lohannes Kepeharm tenebit de prefatis abbate & conuentu prememo- 
ratam terram quamdiu uixerit reddendo annuatim vi s. : et pro quadam 
terra que iacet retro sellarios quam Galfridus sellarius & Henricus 
molendinarius tenuerunt ix d. in Annundacione sancte Marie. £t 
post decessum eiusdem lohannis predicte terre cum edificiis & 
omnibus pertinentiis libere & quiete 8c integre remanebunt ecclesie 
Egneshamie; ita eciam quod nullus hominum pro expensis in 
predictis terris, edificiis uel pertinenciis a sepedicto lohanne factis, ab 
abbate & conuentu Egneshamie aliquid poterit exigere. Facta est 
autem hec conuencio in crastino sancti Michaelis, anno regni regis 
lohannis secundo. Hiis testibus, Petro filio Galfridi, Nicholao filio 
Willelmi, Hamone clerico, Th[oma] clerico, Ricardo de Trib[er]g' ' 
clerico, Willelmo de Brasci, Benedicto Kepeharm, Rogero Pumpe, 
Rogero Wynt' & multis aliis. 

788. 

[Ejmsham rentals for the parish of St. Michael 
North-gate.] 

Nic. Bish. De terra Roberti Dewy debentur sacriste viii s. ; de terra Henrici 

foL8i'. ^e Oxonia in magno uico iuxta terram Hospitalariorum debentur 

[c. 1970.] sacriste per lohannem Bedeford iiii s. ; per Thomam Cementarinm 

V s. et vi s. ; per Ricardum Dadintone iiii s. ; prior de Egnesham de 

* Not certain. 

' This tenement was probably on the west side of Commarket near the North 
Gate. » Or perhaps « Tribrig *. 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 239 

tenemento retro seldas istas & soIar[io] super easdem ziii s. ; de terra 
filii Durandi per Paganum Colesboume debentur sacriste iiii s. ; de 
seldis Matilde de Magno Ponte xxvi s. ; de terra Nigelli de Gardino 
debentur sacriste per Willelmum Blancpain pro una selda v s. ; per 
Nicholaum Lorimarium pro parva selda ii s. ; per Robertum * Cotesford 
pro selda angular! & solario xxi s. ; per Nicholaum molendinarium 
pro domo retro seldas iiii s. iiii d. ; per abbatem de Oseney pro domo 
interiori ii s. viii d.' 

De terra Henrici de Oxonia in magno uico iuxta terram Hospitala- fol. 79. 
riorum debentur sacriste. per lohannem de Bedeford iiiis. ; per f^'^^^'J 
Thomam Cementarium per v s. et vi s. ; per Ricardum Dadintone 
modo per Agnetem Latoner iv s. ; prior de Egnesham de tenementis 
retro seldas & solar[io] super easdem xiii s, iiii d. ; de terra Galfridi 
filii Durandi per Paganum Colesbome iiii s. 

Extracta super quodam rentale de tempore fratris Rogeri atte Lee fol. 75. 
monachi & sacriste de Egnesham, factum in anno regni regis Ricardi ^395- 
secundi xixo, viz. de seldis Matilde de Magno Ponte per Willelmum 
Harpour x s., feodum antiquum inde xxvi s. viii d. ; de tenemento 
Nigelli de Gardino per Nicholaum Bysshop xii d., antiquum v & ; de 
parva selda annexa sub solario nostro per abbatissam de Godestow ii s. ; 
de parva selda annexa cum duobus solariis, que est inter venellam & 
dictum Nigellum de Gardino per Nicholaum Nortone x s., feodum * 
antiquum xxi s.; de domo infra nouam aulam, dictam Bracina 
Colesboume, per Nicholaum Bysshop iiii s. iiii d., antiquum iiii s. iiii d.; 
de terra Segrim ibidem infra dictam venellam per abbatem Oseneye 
xvi d., antiquum ii s. viii d. 

789. 

[£3nisham grants to Maurice Wogan a lease of its pro- 
perties in Banbury, Hardwick, and Bodicot for go years 
to begin after the death of Thomas Wilkinson.] 

Hec indentura facta septimo die Aprilis anno regni regis Henrici April 7, 
octaui vicesimo sexto inter reuerendum in Christo patrem et dominum, '535* 

^ Hiint*8 transcript of Bishop reads xiii s. iiii d., as in the second rental, and 

' lohannem * ; it has not been possible for xxvi s. we should read xxvi s. viii d. 

to verify the reading of the original. The charters and rentals of Oseney give 

' The rent collector passes northward the payment due to Eynsham from a 

along the west side of Cornmarket and tenement in Colesboume*s lane as 

southward along the east side. It seems xvi d. not ii s. viii d. 
clear that for xiiis. we should read 



240 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

dominum Anthonium, pennissione diuina abbatem monasterii de 
Egnesham in comitatu Oxonie et eiusdem loci conuentum ex parte 
una et Morys Wogan de Nether Worton in comitatu Oxonie predicto 
generosum ex patre altera testatur quod predictus dominus abbas et 
conventus unanimi assensu et concenso concesserunt, tradiderunt 
et per presentes ad finnam dimiserunt prefato Morjs Wogan omnia 
terras, tenementa et redditus una cum omnibus suis pertinenciis in 
Banberjy acetiam omnes decimas suas in Banbery predicta & in 
dominio eiusdem in comitatu predicto, simul cum xxvi s. viii d. 
annuatim prouenientibus de redditu firme porcionis dictorum abbatiset 
conuentus in Bodjcote et campis eiusdem in parochia de Adderbury 
in comitatu antedicto, acetiam omnes decimas dictorum abbatis et 
conuentus et successorum suorum prouenientes infra villam et campos 
de Hardwicke in parochia de Banbery eidem monasterio spectantes; 
habenda & tenenda prefato Morys Wogan, heredibus, executoribus 
et assignatis suis pro termino nonaginta annorum proximo sequen- 
tium post terminum vite natiu^is cuiusdam Thome Wylkynson iam 
tenentis ibidem et plenarie complendorum ; reddendo inde annuatim 
durante termino predicto prefatis abbati et conuentui et successoribus 
suis in monasterio de Eynsham predicta quatuor libras tresdedm 
solidos et quatuor denarios bone & legalis monete Anglicane ad 
duos anni terminos, videlicet ad festa sancti Michaelis archangeli et 
Annunciacionis beate Marie Virginis per equales porciones. [The 
Abbey may enter on the premises if the rent is withheld ;] prouiso 
semper quod nos predicti abbas et conventus et successores nostri 
quantum in nobis erit dictum Morys Wogan, heredes et executores & 
assignatos suos in premissis contra omnes gentes warantizabimus et 
defendemus per totum tempus predictum salvo iure uniuscuiusque. 
In cuius [&c. alternate sealing]. Dat' apud Eynsham predictam in 
domo capitulari ibidem die et anno supradictis.^ 



790. 

[Eynsham grants a lease of the rectory of South New* 
ington for go years.] 

Mar. xO| 'Whereas the late abbott and covente of the late dissolved 
1537* monasterie of Eynesham in the countie of Oxon by theire indenture 

* From a paper copy at New Col- Thomas Wylkynsoo, that vi to sare 

lege. A note adds : * Memorandiim that the fourth daye of Maye in the zzxrii^ 

Morys Wogan entred upon this lease yere of the raygne of Kynge Henry 

after the decease of the above-named Tbeyghte.' 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 241 

of lease under theire conuentuall seale bearinge date in the chapiter 
house of the saide monasterye the tenthe daje of Marche in the 
xxviii**' yere of oure late soveraignej lorde of famouse memorye 
Kinge Henrye tbeighte withe theire hole assente and consente for 
the consideration in the same lease specyfied demysed, graunted 
and to ferme dyd lette unto George Gyffarde of Mydle Claydon in 
the countye of Buck, Esquyre, theire parsonage of Southnewington 
within the county of Ozon with all houses and buildings, lands, 
meadows, pastures and arrable lands called the gleabe lands, 
withe all manner tytheu of come and haye & all other tythes, 
proffitts, aduantages and comodities whatsoeuer therunto apperteyn- 
ynge or belonginge ; to haue and to holde the saide parsonage with 
all manner of houses theruppon stondinge or belonginge with all lands 
meadows leases pastures arrable lands called the gleabe landes and all 
manner of tjrthes and other proffitts therunto apperteynynge or taken 
as parcell of the same, to the said George Gyffarde and to his assignes 
from the feast of the Annunciation of our Ladie Saincte Marie that 
then shoulde be in the yere of oure Lord God one thowsande fyve 
himdred thirtie and eighte unto thende and terme of fourescore 
and tenne yeres then next followinge and fuUye to be compleate and 
ended; yeeldinge and payinge therfore yerelie unto the vicar of 
Southenewingtone afforesaide at foure termes in the yere eight 
poundes sterlinge [viz. June 24, Sep. 29, Dec. 21, & Mar. 25], and 
yelding & payinge yerely unto the said abbot and covente and theire 
successors eight pounds of lawfuU moneye of Englonde at two termes 
of the yere [viz. Sep. 29 & Mar. 25], and to the clarke or deacon of 
Southnewington aforesaide yerely vi s. viii d sterlinge and to the 
parisheoners of Southnewington aforesaide twelve busshells of 
masselyn or rye, and that to be distributed amongeste them ones 
in the yere after tholde custome, as by the same indenture playnlie 
maye appere." * 

791. 

[Eynsham grants a lease of the church and manor of 
South Stoke for 80 years.] 

An indenture, whereby Anthony, the abbot, & convent of Eynsham Dec. 90, 
dimise & lease to Walter Barton & his assigns the manor of South '536« 
Stoke, and all their lands, rents, fishings &c. in Mullesford, Chakenden , 
Goring and Caversham, together with the rectory of Stoke, * always 
except and reserved to the said abbott & convent the wood called the 

* From an indenture of the year 1560, preserved at Exeter College. 
11. R 



342 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Abbott's wood . . • with all other woods now being inclosed ft copsed 
within any grounds in the holding of any custom tenant of the said 
manor with all other woods ft trees growing in the common and 
in the high ways, ft not requisite to be spared for the inclosures of the 
several grounds of the said tenants ft for the defence of their houses ; ' 
to hold for 80 years from Michaelmas last at a rent of £53 6x. 8dl ; he 
is to repau: all thatched buildings, while the abbey ft convent are to 
repair the others ; * the said abbot ft covent doth also grant that the'said 
Water ft his assignes during the said terme shall have yeerely thretti 
lodes of hardwood for their fuell with sufficient hedgebote, carte bote 
ft plough bote ' to be taken by the assignment of the woodward of the 
abbot or convent, who * shall always be dwelling within the saide 
manor'; also he and the customary tenants may take all necessary 
house-bote for the repair of their tenements. 

Sealed in the Chapter-house of the monastery, Dec. ao, a? Hen. VIII, 
* coram Willelmo Cauendyshe auditore.' 

^ In witnes and for a dew proofe that this indenture is the very 
deede of the within-named abbot ft covent, sealed and delivered with 
oone assent ft consent, the said abbot and covent have severally putte 
to their names with their own hands: Anthony abbott, Edmund 
Etun prior, Georgius Aderbiry, Nicholas Wells, John Wyntertone, 
Thomas Milsbiry, John Astropp, Thomas Philipp, Thomas Knolls, 
Kerry Winsor, Robert Newland, John Andrew, Wilhelm Redjmg.' * 



792. 

[Eynsham sells the advowson of Stanton St. John to 
the bishop of Lincoln for £44 3s 2|d.] 

Feb. 24, Sciant [ftc] quod nos Anthonius miseradone diuina abbas monas- 
Z53l* terii de Egnesham ordinis sancti Benedict! in comitatu Oxonie et 
eiusdem loci conuentus unanimi assensu ft consensu nostris pro 
xliiii libris, iii solidis, ii denariis ob. qua. legalis monete Anglie nobis 
pre manibus per reuerendum in Christo patrem lohannem Longlond 
epistbpum Lincolniensem solutis dedimus [ftc] pro nobis ft succes- 
soribus nostris prefato reuerendo patri lobanni Longlond, episcopo 
Lincolniensi, aduocationem, donacionem ft ius patronatus ecclesie 
parochialis de Staunton sancti lohannis in eodem comitatu Oxonie 
Lincolniensis diocesis cum suis iuribus et pertinenciis uniuersis, 
eciam rectoriam ecclesie parochialis de Staunton sancti lohannis 
predicla ac quendam annualem redditum siue quandam pensionem 
* Harg. MS. 303, folio i (Brit Miu.) 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 243 

aimu^m uigind solidorum per annum nobis & pi-edecessoribus nostris 
abbatibus monasterii predict! ab eadem ecclesia parocbiali sancti 
lohannis debitam ft annuatim solui consuetam in tarn amplis modo 
et forma prout nos prefati abbas & conuentus de Egnesham predicta 
seu aliquis predecessorum nostrorum uel aliquis abbas dicti monasterii 
predictmn annualem redditum sine annuam pensionem miqnam habui- 
mus aot unquam habuit; habendum & tenendum prefato reuerendo 
patri lohanni Longlond episcopo Lincolniensi, heredibus et assignatis 
suis in perpetuum, ad proprium usum eiiisdem reuerendi patris 
lohannis Longlond, heredum et assignatorum suorum imperpetuum. 
Et nos [&c. warranty]. In cuius [&c. sealing]. Dat' in domo nostra 
capitular! xxiiii die mensis Februarii anno domini M quingentesimo 
trigesimo septimo et anno regni ezcellentissimi in Christo prindpis et 
domini nostr!^ donuni Henrici octaui de! gracia Anglie et Francie regis, 
fidei defensoris, domini Hibemie, ac in terra supremi capitis ecclesie 
Anglicane vicesimo nono. 

[Signed] Anthonius abbas, dan Edmund Etun prior, dan Georg 
Adderbuiy supprior, daan Thomas Phyllypp, dan Thomas Malsbere, 
dan Thomas Knoll', dan John' Wynterton, dan Wyllyam Redjmg, 
dane John Andrewe, dan Robert Newlond.^ 

793- 

[Eynsham grants a perpetual lease of a toft to 
Edward Standishe.] 

Thys indenture " made the xii*^* daye of the monythe of June in the June 12, 
xxiiiitJ^ year of the reigne of kyng Henrye the Vlllth betwene the '533. 
reverende father in God Antonye Dimstone by the prouidence of God 
abbott of the monasterye of sanyt [sic] Marye the virg3m of Eynesham 
in Oxfordschere and the convent of the same monasterye of the oon 
partie and Edward Standysche of the toone of Oxford in the countie 
aforesayde squjrar of the other partie, testifyithe and witneshythe that 
we the sayde abbot & convent not allonlye consyderyng and ponderyng 
the good, acceptabell and fruyghtfuU counsell whyghe heretofore no 
fewe tymes the sayde Edward ower welbelouyd and faythefull counselar 
to us hathe geuen and daylye to geue do not desyste ne ceas, but also 

^ New College Mtmimeots, Stanton Pertinebat Willelmo Denysse, pre- 

St. John deed no. 7. posito, et iam collegio, olim nu^;istro 

* The original is in the muniments lohanni Pantre.' 

of Queen's College, Oxford ; it is en- In Wood's hand ' ex parte austral! 

dorsed ' Ensham. Pro gardino annexo alti vici prope hospitium vocatuin le 

domui in qua olim mansit Mr. Stan- Angell.* The property was on the site 

dishe, bedelle, nunc Mr. Hodshon, of uie New Schools, 
medicus. 

R 2 



244 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

the inward affection, loue, and fauor whitche the same Edward toward 
ower sayde monasterye hathe and berythe, haue demysed, graunted, 
and to perpetual farme letlen, and by this present indenture doo 
dymisse, graunte, and to perpetuall ferme lett to the sayde Edwarde 
a certen parcell of vacaunt grownde otherwyse namyd and called 
a tofte, perteynyng and belongyng to ower sayde monasterye of 
Eynesham, lying and being in the parishe of Saynt Peters in the 
Est of the sayde towne of Oxford, betwene the londes and tenements 
of Mawdelyn College of the Vniuersitie of Oxford of the west and est 
partes and abuttithe and boundithe apon and toward the kyngs grace 
hyghte and comon waye of the northe parte and vppon and toward 
the londe of Mawdelyn College aforesayde of the sowthe parte, and 
the sayde parcell of vacaunt grownde and tofte conteynjrthe in bredithe 
xviii fote and a half and in lengthe one hundred, twentye seven fote 
and a half; to have and to holde the sayde parcell of vacaunt grownde 
and tofle to the sayde Edwarde, his heyres and assignes, in perpetuall 
ferme, of the cheif lordes of the flfee by the service thereof due and of 
ryght acustomyd, of and vppon condicion that the sayde Edwarde, his 
heyres and assignes, shall yerelye and euerye yere paye or cause to be 
payde to vs the sayde abbot and convent and to ower successors syxe 
pens of Englyshe monye in ower monasterye of Eynesham within 
syx wekes next ensuinge the fest and daye of the Annunciacione of 
ower blessyd ladye seynt Marye ; and moreouer the sayde Edwarde 
Standyshe grantythe ffor hym, his heyres and assigns that whan and 
as ofton as any defaute in and of payment of the sayde rent or mony 
of six pens in maner and forme above specyfyed shall happen to be, 
that thenne it shalbe good and lawfull to the sayde abbot and convent 
and to there successors in to the sayde vacaunt parcell of grownde 
and toft to entre and the goodes and catells thenne and there founde 
to dystre)me and the dystresse so taken to bere, lede, dryue and carye 
awaye, and that with them irreplenyschabul to reteyne vnto they be 
fullye content, satisffyed and payd of the sayde rent and monye, the 
arrerages of the same and the costs and chargis in and abowt the 
takyng of the same dystresse and the suyt and pleye concemyng 
the same. In wyttnes whereof to the oon parte of thys indenture 
remaynyng with the same Edwarde Standysche the sayde abbot and 
convent haue putt and sett there common and conventual! seale, and 
to the other parte of thys indenture remaynyng with the sayde abbot 
and convent the sayde Edwarde Standyshe hathe putt and sett his 
seale the daye and yere aboue wrytten.* 

* With the second seal of the monastery, as reproduced iia Vol. t 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 245 

794- 

[Ejmsham grants to New College a perpetual lease of 
a tenement adjoining Vine Hall.] 

Nouerint universi per presentes nos lohannem dei gracia Calipolen' Aug. 14, 
episcopum ac custodem Noui Collegii beate Marie virginis Winton' in ^S^^S^ 
Oxonia & eiusdem collegii socios & scolares teneri & per presentes 
firmiter obligari Henrico Redynge diuina prouidentia abbati monasterii 
beate Marie uirginis de Egnesham 8c eiusdem loci conuentui in uiginti 
libris sterlingorum, soluendis eisdem abbati & conuentui aut eorum 
certo attornato uel successoribus suis in festo sancti Michaelis arch- 
angeli proximo future post datam presencium; ad quam quidem 
solucionem bene & fideliter faciendam obligamus nos & successores 
nostros firmiter per presentes sigillo nostro communi collegii nostri 
predicti sigillatas. Date in collegio nostro predicto xiiii die Augusti 
anno regni regis Henrici octaui xvii. 

The condicion oflF this obligacion is suche that yfif the within 
bownden warden & felows, scolers and ther successors, after a suffi- 
cient astate to them made in the law by the within namyd abbot and 
couent off and in on gardeyn grounde lying in the paryshe of seynt 
Mary the vyrgyn* in Oxon', to haue & to hold the said gardeyn 
grownd to them and to there successors for euermore, beryng and 
paying yerely to the sayde abbott & couent & ther successors an 
annual rente off ii s. iiii d. by the yere, alway payable att the fest of 
saynt Michaell tharchaungell, as by the lemyd counsell off bothe 
partyes in wryting hereafter shalbe deuysed, flfor performance wheroff 
the sayd abbott & couent stondyn bowndyn to the sayd warden & 
scolars & to ther successors in the summa off xx IL by there dede 
obligatory beryng date off thes presents, yff the said warden & scolers 
& there successours after suche astate to them made, as is before 

^ There can be no doubt that the until the foundation of Cardinal College, 
garden ground described by this deed shortly before the date of this deed, 
was in the parish of St. Edward. The The parish of St Edward's was ulti- 
deed which follows shows that it was mately united with All Saints', but it 
part of Vine Hall or Peckwater's Lm, may have been uncertain in 1525 
and from New College deeds it can be whether it was to be joined to St. Maiy*s 
located with precision ; it was on the parish. In any case, the boundary of 
south side of Jury lane, now called St. Mary's parish was not far distant. 
Bear Lane, bounded on the West by for St. Edward's Hall, which be- 
a garden once called Soler Hall, which longed to University College and sub- 
was the comer tenement The date at sequently to Oriel, and as is clear from 
which St Edward's church was des- New College deeds touched the tene- 
troyed is uncertain, and is generally ment of Eynsham at its south-east 
said to be about 1450; but such evi- comer, is always described as being in 
dence as there is suggests that it existed the parish of St Mary. 



346 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

expressyd, off and in the sayde garden grownd do putt the sayd abbot 
ft couent & there successors by there suffycient dede in the law in 
surety fore the payment off the sayde annuell rente off ii s. iiii d., as 
shalbe deuysed by the lemyd councell off bothe partyes, thatt then the 
sayd obligadon to be voyde and of none effect^ or elles to stond ft 
abyde in his full strenght and vertu/ 



795. 

[The abbot and convent of Eynsham grant to Richard 
Gunter a lease of all their rents in Oxford for 99 years.] 

Atig. 2i| This indenture made the 21^ day of August in the a6^ yeare 
1534* of the raigne of King Henrie the Eight, between the right reverend 
father in God Antonie Dunstone by the grace of God Abbott of the 
monasterie of our blessed Ladie of Eynesham in the countie of Ozon, 
the Prior ft Covent of the same place, on the one partie, and Richard 
Gunter of the towne of Oxon gent, on the other partie, testifyeth ft 
witnesseth that the said Antonie Abbot, Prior, ft Covent of the said 
monasterie with one assent and consent hath demised, granted, ft to 
firme letten, ft by these presents doth demise, grant, ft to firme lett 
unto the said Richard all their tenements, gardens, rents ft quitrents 
within the towne of Oxon ft suburbs of the same ; that is to say, an 
house within Northgate in the holding of Nicholas Haull, and two 
other tenements now decayed in the said street on the east side, and 
three tenements in Cattis street likewise decayed, and a garden within 
Eastgate in the holding of Mr. Standiche, called Buigatts, ft a garden 
ground now in the holding of Andrew Robinson behind Mr. Pie's * 
house, one annuall rent out of New Colledge by the year xii s. vi d., 
of the Warden of the Taylors for a Brewhouse in Grampoole by the 
yeare viii s. vi d., a quit rent for Tryntishaul in Grampole by the yeare 
iii s., of the proctors of the Universitie of Ozon for Biefehaull by the 
yeare iii s., an annuall rent out of Mr. Kent's place in AUholen ' parish 
by the yeare vi s. viii d., of Mr. Woodward's house for one annuall 
rent out of the King's Head by the yeare x s., a quit rent of a 
tenement belonging to St Towlis church now in the holding of 
William Spenser, shoemaker, xiii s. iiii d., allwaies excepted and 
reserved to the warden and fellowes of New Colledge ft to their 

* From New College, Lease Book no. a, foL 96. 

* The next deed shows that the name was Pers or Pierce. 

* Le. All Saints. 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 247 

successors a garden ground within Vine Hall, now called Peckwater's 
In, during the yeares that they have by covente scale of the monasterie 
of Eynesham, paying to the said Richard & his assignes ii s. iiii d., 
and a quit rent of a house belonging to St. Michael's church late in 
the holding of John Westbome by the yeare ii s. &c..; * to have & to 
hold & to perceave all & singular the premisses with rents, quitrents, 
& portions of tithes' on the backeside of these indentures to the said 
Richard Gunter, his executors and assignes, from the feast of St 
Michael the Archangell next comeing after the date of these presents 
unto the end and term of Ixxxxix yeres then next following & fully to 
bee complete ; the said Richard Counter, his executors and assigns, 
yealding & paying yearely therefore clearely xl s. to the said abbot & 
covent & their successors in & att their monastery of Eynesham at two 
termes of the yeare, att Michalmas & the Annunciation of our blessed 
Ladie the Virgin by even portions &c. In witnesse whereof the 
aforesaid Antony abbot, the Prior and Covente to the one partie 
of this indenture remaineinge with the foresaid Richard Counter 
have set to their common seal ; to the other part of this indenture 
remaineing with the said Antonie Abbott, the Prior & Covente, the 
said Richard Counter hath set to his seal, the daye & yeare above- 
written. 

Antony Abbot, 

By me, Edmund Eton.' 

Concordat cum originali xvii Septembris, 1576, per me lohannem 
Keper, per me lohannem Crakar, per me Cilbertum Coode. 

[At the head of the deed.] Some account of an annuall rent of 
12 s. 6 d. due from New CoUedge in Oxon. This 12 s. 6 d. anciently 
belonged (as by this following indenture) unto the abbey of Eynesham; 



. ^ This transcript is in the writing of the abbey was dissolved and St Ebbe*s 

Dr. Woodward, warden of New Col- church came into the hands of the king 

lege^ 1658-1675. He enlains at the the pension may have been restored to 

end, why (imfortnnately tot ns) he did the chnrch. 

not cofnr the whole deed. In the VaUr Ecclesiasticus of 1535, 

' Unfortnnatelv the endorsement is this lease to Gnnter is not recognized, 

not given. In oiarter no. 797, where bat the sum received by the abbey from 

the items of Gtinter's lease are repeated, the city of Oxford comes to the same 

there is no mention of tithes; but it total bat by a different reckoning. The 

may be noticed that by that date the receipts from the town of Oxford are 

payment dae from Ganter was only 53 s. 4 d., bat the expenses of George 

36 s. 8 d., not 40 s., from which we may Reve, the collector, are 13 s. 4d. (ib. 

oonclade that the tithes were worth iL 209). As there is no separate men- 

13 s. 4 d. a year. Now the pension dae tion of the pension of 13 s. 4 d. from 

from St £bbe*s charch to Kynsham St. £bbe*s, we gather that it was in- 

was 13 s. 4 d. a year, and it is possible eluded in the sum of 53 s. 4 d. 

that it is this pension that is meant by * He was Prior of Eynsham. 
the phrase 'portion of tithe'. When 



248 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

then (after the dissolation) imto the king ; at present unto one Mr. 
Philip French, vicar of Chesterton ; & ishacing out of a tenement 
belonging to New Colledge in St Martin's parish, Oxon^ latdy in the 
tenore of Mr. Chesterman, now of Mr. Aostine, on the west side of 
the High Street leading fixHn Carfookes to Bocardo.* 

[At the end 0/ the dud.] Mr. Philipp French, vicar <rf Chesterton, 
who had sometime been fellow of New Colledge, among other booses 
and quitrentes that belonged unto him in Oxon., had the aforesaid 
quitrent of 12 8. 6 d. andenily due from New Colledge (as by this 
indenture), now paid imto him by the tenant of that house above 
described, lately Mr. Chesterman's, now Mr. Austine's. Hee showed 
unio mee the aforesaid indenttu-e & suffered mee to transcribe a coppie 
of it, att lest soe much thereof as any way concerned New Colledge ; 
and it was transcribed. Mart 16, 1659. 



796. 

[Notes by Tw3me concerning the Ejmsham rents in 

Oxford.*] 

£x libro munimentorum magistri Thome French, registrarii Oxonie: 
Antony Dunstan, abbot of Eynsham, &c.; anno 26 Hen. VIII, 
31 August!, dimiseth unto Richard Gunter of Oxon many parcells 
and amongest them these : a garden within Estgate in the holdinge 
of Mr. Standiche called Burgates, of the warden of the Taylors for 
a brewhouse in Granpole by the year 8 s. 6 d., a quit rent for 
Trintlehall in Granpole by ^e yeare 3 s., of the proctors of the 
University of Oxford for Beofifehall by the yeare 3 s., allwayes except 
and reserved to the warden & fellows of New College & to their 
successors a garden ground within Vynehall now called Peckwater's 
Inne duringe that they have by Covent seale of the monastery of 
Eynsham pajring to the said Richard a s. 4 d. &c ; and exceptinge 
a quitt rent out of Sylverhall xii d 

Out of the Augmentation Court in Westm3mster: in quodam 
computo terrarum et possessionum monasterii de Eynsham in comi- 
tatu Oxonie, anno 3a Hen. VIII, ubi sic occurrit: de redditu trium 

^ The property of New College on this tenement was leased to Mr. Aostine 

the west side of Cornmaiket lay imme- in 1659. ^ ^^ early computi of New 

diately sooth of Shoe lane or Sewy*s College the rent to Eynsham is described 

lane, consisting of two shops in front as doe *• pro solario superediiicato 

and a hoose and yard behind. It is at shopam qnondam Nicholai Spycer*. 

present impossible to say which part of ' Twyne, vol. xxii, p. $37. 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 249 

tenementomm vocatorum Burgates & unius gardini modo in tenura 
Andree Robinson pone tenementum magistri Pers, unius annualis 
redditus exeuntis de Novo Collegio Oxonie per annum 12 s. 6d., de 
gardino scissorum ibidem pro domo brasiatoria situata in Grantpont 
per annum 8 s. 6 d., de redditu assise exeunte de Tryndehall in 
Granpole per anniun 3 s., de procuratoribus Universitatis Oxonie pro 
Beyffhall per annum 3 s. &c.; de annuali redditu unius gardini iacentis 
in Vinehall modo vocata Peckwatersynne per annum 2 s. 4 d. &c., de 
quieto redditu exeunte de Siluerhall per annum 12 d. 

In litteris patentibus* regine Elizabeth Edwardo Heren armigero 
& Johanni Nicholls generoso apud Westmonasterium 16 die Junii 
anno regni nostri 29, ubi inter cetera concedit ac dat iisdem Edwardo 
et Johanni omnia ilia tria tenementa nostra cum pertinentiis vocata 
Burgates &c«, ac totum annualem redditum octo solidorum et sex 
denariorum de gardianis scissorum in villa Oxonie pro quadam domo 
brasiatoria in Grampole alias Grantpole, ac totum ilium redditum 
assise trium solidorum exeuntium de quadam aula vocata Trinitiehall 
in Grampole, ac totum ilium redditum trium solidorima solutum sive 
solubilem per procuratores Universitatis Oxonie pro quadam aula 
vocata Beiffehall in villa predicta &c^ ac totum ilium annualem 
redditum 2 s. 4 d. de uno gardino iacente in Vinehall &c., et totum 
ilium quietum redditum 12 denariortun exeuntem de quadam aula 
vocata Silver hall &c. 

Also in the bargaine of sale from Nicholaus Geffe of London and 
Hugh Popham to Philip Randall principall of Herthall &c. it is called 
Trinitie Hall &c., in quadam indentura facta inter eos xxo Septembris 
anno Elizabeth 29. 

Domus ista braciatoria,' cuius hie mentio in Granpole, est 
domus ubi jam habitat Sparrowe, et est diversorium cui insigne 
est Wheatsheafe. Mr. French saith it was given to the Taylors 
of Oxon. 

Taken out of certain writings of Mr. WiU. Randall of Milton abbot 
in Devonshire, heire to Mr. Philip Randall sometime prindpall of 
HarthaU, Oxon., ubi in testamento ipsius Philippi Randall inter cetera 
viz. in quadam indentura inter Mich, [sic] Geffe de London et 

' A search at the Record Office for four tenements in Grandpont to the 

this entiY on the Patent Rolb of Queen warden and cmft of the tailors, to main- 

Klizabeth was unsuccessful . tain a priest to sing for the souls of the 

' In the Book of Wills, preserved donors, and the brethren and sisters of 

among the muniments of the City of St John, the craft of the tailors, &c., 

Oxford, on folio 127 is a summary of receiving four marks a year. The deed 

a deed by Thomas Wyth^ge and Mar- is without date, 
garet his wife, leaving a brewhouse and 



250 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Hngonem Popham sic lego: Omnia ilia tria tenementa vocata 
Brodegates,^ ac totnm iUmn gardinom nuper in tenura Andree 
Robynson pone tenemenlom cniusdam Peerose, ac redditmn la s. 6 d. 
exeontem de Novo Cdlegio, ac redditom 8 8. 6 d. percipiendnm de 
gardino sdsfiorum in villa Oxonie pro qoadam domo braciatoria in 
Granponle, et redditom assise trinm solidorum exeantem de qoadam 
aola vocata Trinity hall in Granpoole ftc ; et qoietom redditom 12 (L 
exeonte de qoadam aola vocata Sylver hall ftc. 

These writings were showed to me by the same Philip Randall at 
Qxf<^ at the sign of the Swan : he is Mr. Forster's landlord. 



797. 

[Receipts from the dissolved abbey of Ejmsham for the 
year ending Sept. 29, 1539.*] 

Sept 39, I. Hystone Eynsham in the coonty of Cambridge. The accoont of 
I539* Thomas Est, collector of rents. 

Rents of free tenants 4 s. i d. 
Rents of costomary tenants 30 L 4 s. 9]^ d. 
Rents of tenants at will 14 s. 10} d. 
Rent of the tithes of wool and lambs with all other tithes, profits, 
and advantages pertaining to the vicarage of Hyston Eynsham, granted 
by the late monastery of Eynsham to Thomas Este and Alexander his 
son by indentore dated Nov. 6, 30 Hen. VIII, to be held for [blanlc] 
years at the rent of a L 

Rent of the manor of Hyston and of the tithes of com, demised to 
John Chapman by indentore for ao years from Sept. ap, 33 Hen. VIII, 
at the rent of ao 1. 
Profits from the sale of woods and perqoisites of coorts, nothing. 

Total 53 L 3 s. 9 d. 
Dedoctions: — 
' Resolotos redditos ' paid to the sheriff of Cambridge aa s. 
An annoal pension to the vicar of Hyston Ensham 8 L 
Fee of the accoontant granted to him for life by the late monastery 

by letters patent dated Oct 8, 28 Hen. VIII a L 
Fee of John Hynde, steward of the coort a L 
Fee of the clerk of the aoditor for writing this accoont, after the 
rate allowed to the clerk of the aoditor of the king's dochy of 
Lancaster a s. 

' An error for ' Burgates'. Vm, Oxon. no. 135 (Record Office). 

' Ministers Accounts, 30-31 Hen. The original is tn Latin. 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 251 

Paid to the Augmentacion Office 19 1. 19 s. 11 d. 

The remainder, viz. 19 L 19 s. 10 d., is not due, because on Dec. 5, 
31 Hen. VIII, the manor of Hyston Ensham was granted by the 
King to Sir Thomas Elyott and his heirs for ever, that is to say from 
Mar. 26, 31 Hen. VIII. 

II. Account of George Osbaldestone, collectorof pensions. 

From the abbot of Thame for land in Stoke Talmage 11 s., from 
the abbey of Cyscetor for mills called Clarkenmylls 10 s., an annual 
pension issuing from land in the town of Gloucester in the tenure 
of Mr. Rawlens 4 s., from the college of B.V.M. in Oxford for land in 
Heyforde Warenn 8 s., from the rectory of Letcum Basset 13 s. 4 d, 
from the vicar of Chorlebury 20 s., from the rectory of Showldren 
53 s. 4 d., from the rectory of Saresden 13 s. 4 d., from the rectory of 
Heyforde apud pontem 20 s., from the rectory of Westcote Barton 
6 s. 8 d., from the rectory of Roulryght 10 s., from the rectory of 
Wotton 6 s. 8 d., from the tithes of Burleyfelde in the tenure of William 
Barbour 5 s. ; but pensions of 40 s. due from the abbey of Brueme, 
of 12 8. due from Dorchester abbey for tithes in Baldon, of 32 s. from 
Burcester priory for tithes in Strotton & for Clyftone mylls, of 3 s. 
from the priory of Chacombe for tithes in Wroxton * \sic\ and of 12 d. 
from the monastery of Abendone for Wynkeforde' [sic] fery have not 
been received because those religious houses are in the hands of the 
king; from Dodersmyll in the tenure of the heirs of Mr. Byllyng 20 s., 
from .mills called Catesham mylls in the tenure of Mr. Newers 10 s., 
a pension from a meadow called Catokesham in the tenure of Mr. 
Umptone 6 s. 8 d. Total 10 1. 18 s. 

The rent of the rectory of Yamton dimised to Richard Andrewes 
* at will ' 7 L Sum total 17 1. 18 s. 

Deductions : — 

The fee of the accountant 60 s. granted to him for life by the late 
monastery in the following words: [Then follows in English an 
indenture of Oct 31, 29 Hen. VIII, by which Anthony Dunston, 
abbot of Ensham, with the assent of the convent grants to George 
Osbaldeston of Swarforde in Oxfordshire, gent, the collectorship of 
certain pensions and pordons, — viz. those mentioned above, except 
that the 40 s. from the abbey of Brueme is said to be due for certain 
mylls in Mylton & Sewell, that the ferry is now called Swynforde fery, 
that the payment of 8 s. from the warden ft fellows of the Newe 
College in Oxford is said to be due for a hide of land in Heyforde 



^ ' Croxton ' must be meant The same error occurs in the Valor EccUsiasiicus, 
^ * Swynford ' is meant. 



252 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

Warenn, the payment in Lettcnm Bassett is due from ' the patron ', 
the payment of lo s. is due from Mr. Newers of Tacley or hys 
executors, and Mr. William Barbor is *of Wodstoke', — to hold the 
office to himself or his assigns for 40 years, receiving 40 s. a year and 
' a lyuery or 20 s. in mony ; also mete, drynke & lodgeyng as the 
gentyllmen of the seyd abbott doth dayly fare, with horsmete dueryng 
the tyme of hys accompte 'J ; for the clerk of the auditor writing this 
account 2 s. Total 62 s. 

Paid to the Augmentation Office 12I. 195.4^ 

The payment of 20 s. due from Doddermyll in the tenure of the 
heirs of William Byllyng, hitherto paid to the manor of Milcombe, is 
reserved until advice has been taken with the council of the court, 
because that manor has beeri granted by the king to Sir George 
Darcey & his heirs by letters patent; for the same reason 10 s. issuing 
from Catesham myll in the tenure of Edmund Newars, formerly paid 
to the lordship of Shyfiforth, is reserved; and also for the same reason 
6 s. 8 d. due from a meadow called Catokesham m the tenure of 
Alexander Umpton formerly paid to the lordship of Ensham. 
Total 36 s. 8 d. ; * remanet nichil '. 

III. Account of Edmund Powell collector of * firms'. 

The *firm' of the rectory of South Nuynton, both tithes & 
glebe, dimised to George Gyfforth by indenture dated March 10, 
28 Hen. VIII, to hold from Mar. 25, 1538, for 90 years, paying 
8 1. a year to the prior of Eynsham, 8 1. to the vicar, 6 s. 8 d. to the 
archdeacon for procurations and sinodals, & i quarter and a half Me 
lez messelyn' to be distributed to the poor. 8 L 

The ' firm ' of the rectory of Cassington with tithes of com and hay 
and a messuage called Bedwyns, on which a tithe barn has been built, 
hard by the house of the vicar, with lands, pastures &c. pertaining to 
the messuage, dimised to Robert Marche by indenture dated March i, 
12 Hen. VIII; to hoki from March 25 following for 30 years, 
paying 12 1. 6 s. 8 d. on the day of S. Peter ad Vincula & St. 
Michael's day, including 6 s. 8 d. being the price of a quarter of 
wheat to be paid on Feb. 2, as is contained in the indenture; 
and 20 d. from the parishioners of Cassington for the right of 
sepulture. 12 1. 8 s. 4 d. 

The 'firm' of the manor and rectory of Mykelton dimised to 
Richard Porter by indenture dated July 20, 9 Hen. VIII, to hold 
from Sept 29 following for 60 years, paying yearly 80 L 4 s., includ- 
ing 4 s. being the price of twelve 'copell' of rabbits, as in the 
indenture. 80 1. 4 s. 

The ' firm ' of the rectory of Norton Broyne with tithes of com & 



CHARTERS FROM MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES 253 

hay & all other tithes together with a tithe-bam, dimised to John 
Symons & Thomas Wynnoke by indenture dated Feb. 26, 16 
Hen. VIII, to hold from March 25 following for 25 years, paying 
10 1. a year, & being liable for 7 s. 8 d to the archdeacon for 
procurations & sinodals & 7 s. due to the king's college of Osney 
near Oxford and for any other payments issuing from the rec- 
tory. 10 1. 

The firm of the manor and rectory of South Stoke dimised to 
Walter Barton by indenture dated Dec. 20, 27 Hen. VIII, to be 
held from the previous Michaelmas for 80 years, paying 53 1, 6 s, 8 d*, 
being bound to keep In repair all thatched buildiogs, 53 U 6 s. 8 d. 

The firm of the rectory of Tetbury dimised to Gilbert Norres by 
indenture dated Jan. 3, 20 Hen. VIII, to be held from Mar, 25 
following for 40 years, paying 10 K 10 1, 

The firm of lands, tenements and rents in Banbury, with the tiihes 
of ibe demesne, including 26 s, 8 d. due to the abbey from Body cote, 
but not including the tithes belonging to the abbey in Hardwick 
■within the parish of Banbury, dimised to Thomas Wylkynson by 
in denture dated Jan. 3, 13 Hen, VIII, to hold from March 25 
following for 31 years, paying 4 L 13 s, 4 d. 4 ]. 13 5^ 4 d. 

The frnn of tithes in Cropredy with a messuage and a bam dimised 
£0 William HaJfhed & William Crampfelde of Banbury by indenture 
for 27 years, paying 5 L 13 s* 4 d., being bound (o keep the messuage 
in repair, 5 !. 13 s, 4 d. 

The firm of all the tenements, gardens & rents in Oxford & the 
suburbs, viz., a tenement in Northgate Street in the tenure of Nicholas 
Hall, two decayed tenements in the same street on the east side, three 
teneraenls in Cat Street also decayed, a garden at Eastgate in the 
the tenure of Mr- Standiche and three tenetnents called Burgatts and 
a garden now in the tenure of Andrew Robynson behind the tenement 
of Mr* Pers, a rent of 13 s. 6 d, from New CoUege, of 8 s. 6 d. from the 
wardens * [jiir] of the taylors for a brew house in Crampon te, 3 s, assise 
rent from Tryntilhail in Grampole, 3 s. from the proctors of the Uni- 
versity for Beyff Hall, a rent of 8 d. issuing from the house of Mr, 
Kent in All Saints parish,* 10 s. from Mr. Wodward's inn called le 
Kynges Heddc, 13 s, 4 d* from a tenement belonging to St. Aldate's 
church now in the tenure of William Spenser, 2 s, 4 d, from a garden 
in Vynehalle now called Pekwater's Inn, 2 s, from a tenement belonging 
to the church of Sl Miciiael Jately in the tenure of John Wclsbome, 

^ i. e. the mudezis of the tiulors' 6 s. S (L, whicli 11 A more likely sam. 
gtiikU Foi the situntion of \htwt teoeincats 

' Ciiaitei ao. 7^§ saya the ttent woj Ace tbc Pmfact; to VoL iu 



r 



254 CARTULARY OF EYNSHAM 

12 d. from the President & FeDows of the college of St. Mary 
Magdalen, 14 d. from a close in St Gflesi's parish called Maultmans 
lately belonging to Godstow, 3 s. 6 d« from a close in Stockwell Street 
lately bebnging to Oseney abbey, la d. a qoitrent from Silver Hall, 
a qnitrent of 13 d. paid by the wardens of the church of St Peter 
in le Bayllye for a certain tenement; dimised by indenture dated 
Aug. 31, 26 Hen. VHI, to Richard Gnnter, his executors and assigns 
to hold from Michaelmas following for 99 years at a rent of 
26s.8d j^36s.8d. 

The firm (rf* the rectory of Merton dimised by in^nture dated 

Aug. 31, 33 Hen« Vm, to Richard Gunter, to hgld for 99 years, 

paying to the abbey 50 s., to the vicar 8 L, to the bishop of Lincoln 

10 8., to the chapter of Lincoln 10 s., to the archdeacon of Lincohi 

[sic] 12 s. 3f d., to the dean of the church of Merton 6 s. 8 d., 

and 13 d. rent for a meadow at Merton, as is contained in the 

indenture. 50 s. 

Sum total 188 1. 2 s. 4 d. 

Deductions: — 

Fee of the accountant 53 s. 4 d., and for the derk of the auditor 

writing this account as. 55 s. 4 d. 

Paid to John Carlton, receiver of the Court of Augmentations 

179 L 18 8. a d. 
Repairs to the rectory of Merton 8 s. 10 d. 
Deducted from the account of Tetbury 5 L, being the payment 
for the first half year, because the money was received by the 
late abbot of Eynsham. 
IV. Account of [blank'] Walker, collector of Smokefarthings in the 
deaneries of the county of Oxford. 

Due yearly from the churches in Oxfordshire at Pentecost, viz^ 
Woodstock deanery 24 s. oj d., Witney deanery 18 s. 6 d., Oxford 
deanery 9 s. 4 d., Norton deanery 14 s. 9| d., Deddington deanery 
15 s. 5 d., Bicester deanery 18 s. 3^ d., Cuddesdon deanery 

13 s. 6 d., Aston deanery 15 s. 3|d., Henley deanery 9 & 9^^ d. 

Total 6 1. 19 s. iifd. 
Deductions : — 

Paid to Lincoln Cathedral 26 s. 8 d. 

The stipend of the collector, granted to him for life by deed of 

the monastery of Eynsham 26 s. 8 d. 
Payment of the clerk for writing this account 2 s. 
Remainder 4 1. 4 s. 7f d. 



VISION OF THE MONK 
OF EYNSIIAM 



f 



INTRODUCTION 

After the following * Vision of the Monk of Eynsham ' had been 
transcribed, in the spring of 1904, from MS. Digby 34, it was 
found that it had just been printgd in the Analecta Bollandiana for 
1903, vol. xxii, with an introduction by Father H. Thurston, S.J. 
The Committee of the Oxford Historical Society, however, determined 
that it might be printed again. If, as is shown below, there is reason 
to attribute both the vision, and also the record of it, to men bom in 
Oxford, if the religious houses to which it refers prove to be Eynsham 
and Godstow, if the men who were seen in purgatory were inhabi- 
tants of Oxford and throw light upon the religion, education, and 
social life in Oxford at the end of the t)¥elfth century, the record 
is one which ought to be printed in the series of the Oxford 
Historical Society. 

The first to draw attention to the MSS. of this vision was Dr. 
H. R. Luard, in his edition of Matthew Paris, published in the Rolls 
Series in the year 1874. In vol. ii, p. 423, where the historian makes 
mention of the vision, the editor added the note that manuscripts of it 
were to be found in Cott. MS. Calig. A 8 and at Corpus Christi College, 
Cambridge. Additions to our knowledge were made by Mr. Ward in 
the * Catalogue of Romances in the Department of MSS. in the British 
Museum *, vol. ii, and especially by Father H. Thurston, S.J., who 
issued a text of the vision in 1903, as already stated, which he 
followed by an article in the Dublin Review for October, 1904. It 
will be manifest from the following pages how much this edition owes 
to his learning. Another edition of the text appeared in the 
Romanische Forschungen for November, 1904, by Dom. Michael 
Huber, O.S.B. It may be added that an English translation of the 
vision issued about 1480, with the title 'Vision of a Monk of 
Evyshamne ', was reprinted by Arber in 1869. 

Matthew Paris (vol. ii, p. 423) and Roger of Wendover (vol. i, 
p. 247) inform us that on the Thursday^ before Easter, 11 96, a 
certain monk of Eynsham fell into a trance, and had a vision of the 

^ As it was after midnight on Thursday, it wotdd now be reckoned Friday, 
lu s 



258 VISION OF THE MONK OF EYNSHAM 

next world ; and they give extracts at some length from the account 
of the vision that was written. More information about the circum- 
stances is given by a MS. in the British Museimi (MS. Reg. 13. 
D. V. fol. 45). The writer* is describing a vision seen in the year 
1 206 by a man named Thurkill, of Sticsted in Essex. In his preface 
he mentions similar visions. 'Est & alia uisio diligent! narratione 
luculenter exarata, que in monasterio de Einesham anno Uerbi 
incamati mcxcvi® contigit, quam domnus Adam supprior eiusdem 
cenobii, uir ualde grauis ac religiosus, eleganti stilo conscripsit, sicut 
ab eius ore audiuit, qui a corport per duos dies & noctes educlus 
fuerat. Non credo tantum uirum, tam religiosum, ac tam litteratum, 
nisi comperta & probabili auctoritate subnixa uoluisse scripto mandare, 
maxime cum tunc temporis extiterit capellanus domni Hugonis 
Lincolniensis episcopi sanctissimi uiri. Interrogatus autem a nobis 
domnus Thomas, prior de Binham, qui illis diebus extiiit prior de 
Einesham, & qui diligenti scrutinio omnia examinauit de monacho 
educto, & que de eius uisione perscrutanda erant, quidnam super his 
sentiret, respondit se non.amplius de ueritate huius uisionis hesitare, 
quam de Domini nostri Ihesu Christi crucifixione. Multaque alia nobis 
retulit probamenta ad commendationem predicte uisionis. Hec 
iccirco dixerim quia multi contubernalium suorum huic uisioni 
contradicunt ; sicut fere de omni reuelatione a quibusdam dubitatur.' 
From this passage we learn that the vision was written down by 
Adam, the sub-prior, chaplain of Hugh, bishop of Lincoln. This 
Adam, chaplain of Bishop Hugh, was the author of the Magna 
Vita Hugonis, printed in the Rolls Series, chaplain of the bishop 
from November 12, 11 97,' and known to have been afterwards 
abbot of Eynsham. That he had previously been a monk of 
Eynsham had long been guessed, but now can be proved. It is, 
no doubt, inaccurate, as has been pointed out by Father Thurston, 
to say that Adam was chaplain of St. Hugh *tunc temporis', if 
by that phrase is meant Easter 1196 : but if it means ' at the time 
when he wrote the account' it may be quite correct; for it is 
clear that Adam did not learn full details of the vision until some 
time after Easter, 11 96,' and in the notes to chapter xlviii it is 
shown that the writer implies that the last chapters were composed 
after November, 11 97, by which time he was the bishop's chaplain. 

* * Almost certainly Ralph of Cogges- * Vita Magnay p. 45. 

hall.' Ward, Catalosue of Romances in ' See chap, xxiii. 

thi British Museum^ p. 495. 



INTRODUCTION 259 

In the Digby MS. we have an opening rubric which tells us 
somewhat more. The author is called Adam • prior of Ainesham ', 
brother of Edmund, who saw the vision* We have already seen 
that Adam at Easter 1196 was only sub-prior, Thomas being prior; 
but three years later Thomas had become prior of Bmham in 
Norfolk; and though the date when he was appointed is not 
certain,^ there is no difficulty in assuming that he had left Eynsham 
by November, 11 97, and had been succeeded by Adam; so that 
before the writing was finished, the author had become prior. 

The mention of Adam, the chaplain of St. Hugh, naturally leads us 
to examine the Vita Magna ; and there we find, as Father Thurston 
points out, a clear reference to our vision. In Book V, chapter iii 
(p. 235), we have the story of a clerk, aged about twenty-five, who 
on the morrow of All Saints' Day, while he was saying his prayers in 
a certain church, heard a voice bidding him go to the bishop of 
Lincoln with the message that he should urge the archbishop of 
Canterbury to work with him for the reform of the state of the clergy. 
Early next day the clerk started, and after a journey of evidendy 
more than one day' came to the bishop at Buckden, Hunts, and 
found him saying Mass, the day being Saturday in the same week in 
which All Saints' Day was. Thereupon, looking at the bishop when 
he elevated the Host, he saw in his hand the Saviour in the form 
of a child. The bishop, having received the message, told the clerk 
to keep the matter secret, and urged him to enter a monastery : and 
so next day he departed and went to a certain monk with whom 
he was intimate, and himself soon after became a monk. The writer 
continues, ' Many other visions were afterwards revealed to him, as 
I know well : some of which were written down at the command 
of the bishop, and have been published far and wide. From his own 
mouth I often heard the story I have just told.' That the account 
written by the command of Bishop Hugh, and widely circulated, is our 
vision is a natural conjecture : that it was written at the command of 
Bishop Hugh is the meaning of the passage in the preface where the 
writer says the task was imposed upon him by men of high position, 
men of sanctity and authority, and of a similar passage in 

*Tn the Victoria County History^ more than that Thomas was prior in 

Norfolk, ii. 345, the dates of the priors HQpi and that Ralf cannot have died 

of Binham are: Peter in 1197, Ralph before 11 95. There seems to be no 

Gnbion, it 98-9, Thomas, 1199; but a proof that Peter was iprior in. 1 197. 

reference to the cartulary of fiinham, ' The words* qua primnm die ad ilium 

from which these dates are obtained perveniens ipsnm intuebehs*, &c., imply 

(Cott MS. Claud. D xiii), proves nothing that it was a journey of some days. 

S 2 



26o VISION OF THE MONK OF EYNSHAM 

chapter xxxviii: that it was popular is proved by the number 
of MSS. which survive, as well as by the notices in Matthew 
Paris and Roger of Wendover. But this conjecture is now a 
proved fact For the Carthusian Bohicius, after telling the story 
of the youth who visited St. Hugh at Buckden, mentions that he 
had revelations, especially one about the future state of souls after 
this present life, and that a copy of this vision was preserved in 
the Charterhouse of Pare. Further proof is supplied by the fact 
that when Dyonisius the Carthusian quotes a passage from the 
vision to which Bohicius refers, it proves to be from our work.* 

Therefore by the use of our Vision and what we learn in the 
Vita Magna we can discover certain facts about Edmund the monk. 
As he had been at least fifteen months in the monastery at Easter, 
1 1 96," yet was lying desperately ill with quinsy at some place 
near Eynsham at the Christmas-tide which was somewhat more 
than fifteen months past,' we can assert that he must have been 
admitted at Eynsham in the course of the first three weeks of 
January, 1195. But as the Vtta Magna informs us that he entered 
a monastery not long after his interview with St. Hugh at Buckden, 
we can assign this event with certainty to November, 11 94. At 
that time the young clerk was about twenty-five years old; hence 
we know that Edmund the monk was bom about the end of 1 169. 

The next step is to discover to what family Edmund belonged, 
and what was his native place. And here Father Thurston has 
a striking, and at first sight tempting, suggestion that our Edmund 
was none other than Edmund le Rich, subsequently archbishop of 
Canterbury.* His theory is that St. Edmund, of whose life very little 
is known before the year 1222, tried at one time the religious life, 
entering Eynsham in 1195, but finding that his health ¥^s too 
delicate, was forced to return to a secular life. He argues that there 
are so many resemblances between the two Edmunds that the monk 
'may with fair probability be identified with St. Edmund'. The 
coincidences are as follows: — (i) They were of the same age, the 
monk being born about 11 69 and St. Edmund certainly before 11 78, 
and according to the most recent authorities about 11 70; both also 



* AnnalesordinisCartusiensis^hjC • Chap, xxi *die Natalis Domini'; 

le Couteulx, iii. p. 1 1 1 . This reference chap, xxiii. * ante qnindecim menses *. 
lowe to the article of Father Thurston in ^ First in an article in The Month, 

ihR Dublin Review, January, 1898; subsequently in more 

' ' Annum integrum et menses tres/ detail in the Dublin Review , October, 

chap. L 1904, pp. 331-50. 



INTRODUCTION 261 

were students at Oxford; (2) the monk lived at a place below 
Eynsham/ but such is Abingdon, the home of St. Edmund ; (3) he 
lived in a town where there was a parish of St. Nicholas ' ; there 
is such a parish at Abingdon ; (4) both bore an unusual name ; and 
from a study of lists of names Father Thurston comes to the con- 
clusion that, except in the neighbourhood of Bury St. Edmunds, 
the name was borne by only one person in a thousand ; (5) the monk 
was an orphan,' so was St. Edmund ; (6) one life of St. Edmund says 
that he had a brother at Eynsham ' vir discretus et compositus ' ; our 
author had a brother, Adam the subprior, *vir valde gravis ac 
religiosus ' as Ralf of Coggeshall tells us ; (7) both had the practice of 
reciting the whole Psalter at once ; we are told this of St. Edmund by 
his biographers, and of the monk we know that on November 2, 
1194, he was occupied in reciting the whole Psalter, when he heard 
the heavenly voice * ; (8) both had a revelation that the letters JESUS 
NAZARENUS written on the body were a protection against sudden 
death ; the lives of St. Edmund tell us that it was his custom to mark 
himself daily in this way : for Edmund the monk see chapter xxii ; 
(9) both Edmunds were subject to ulcers, and both were healed 
miraculously : (10) St. Edmund made prophetic speeches, while many 
predictions of Edmund the monk were fulfilled"; (11) St. Edmund, 
like our author, according to his biographers had visions of the souls 
in purgatory; (12) St. Edmund was interested in the recovery of 
the Holy Land: Edmund the monk made a prophecy about it*; 
(13) St. Edmund on his deathbed called for a crucifix, and washing 
the wounds with wine, drank it; which, it is suggested, was a 
reminiscence of his experience as a youth at Eynsham (see chap. xi). 
The cumulative effect of these arguments is at first considerable, 
but when they are tested separately many of them are of little force. 
Thus, to take four points in which St. Edmund closely resembled 
our monk, viz. that he had ulcers, that they were healed miraculously, 
that he saw souls in purgatory, and that he made prophetic speeches, 
is it not the case that these were not unusual features in the life of 
any good man of that time ? Ulcers were common, and prophecies, 
visions, and miraculous healings are recorded in most biographies 
of saints. That they both were interested in the recovery of the 

* Chap, xix, * descenderatis '. psalterinm ciecantarem pro aniroabns 
' Chap. xxi. ndelium defunct ornm, sicnt ipsa die sol- 
' Vita Magna, p. 238. lennis exhiberi earum memoria solet* 

* But the wording of the Vita implies * Vita, p. 24a. 
that he was following a customary form * Ibid. 

of devotion for All Souls* Day ; * cum 



262 VISION OF THE MONK OF EYNSHAM 

H0I7 Land, and that they both were in the habit of reciting the 
whole Psalter on certain occasions, is merely to say that they both 
had the customs and thoughts of good men of that age. Some of 
the actions in which Edmund of Abingdon very closely resembles 
Edmund of Eynsham are such as might occur independently to two 
reverent minds, for instance, the custom of marking himself with the 
letters * Jesus Nazarenus ', and the drinking of the wine with which 
he had washed the wounds of the crucifix.* Nor must we allow our- 
selves to strain the evidence in order that it may support a foregone 
conclusion; and if both the Edmunds received the revelation that 
the words Jesus Nazarenus were a protection against sudden death, 
we are informed that St. Edmund learned it from the Child Jesus 
in a vision, while Edmund the monk learned it from St. Nicholas. 
No doubt there are some curious coincidences. The two men 
were certainly somewhat of one age, probably within ^yt years of 
each other ; they both studied at Oxford ; they both had an unusual 
name. To say that only one in a thousand was called Edmund at 
that time is perhaps to overstate the case, but there certainly were 
not many Edmunds in Oxford. From the Oseney charters at Christ 
Church we know the names of two thousand or more of the chief 
inhabitants of Oxford between 1170 and 1260; speaking from 
memory, it is only possible to mention three who bore the name 
Edmund; we have an 'Edmundus Medicus' alive in 11 82, but 
apparently dead by iigo'; about 1230 we meet with one named 
* Edmund the chapeler ', a man with sons, owner of property in the 
parish of St. Peter in the East; about 1260 there occurs one of the 
name of Edmund Thorold ; there may be one or two more, but it 
would probably be safe to say that not more than one in five hundred 
was named Edmund. If we assume that at the end of the twelfth 
century five hundred students came to Oxford each year, there would 
be one Edmund among them ; and the coincidence amounts to this, 
that among the four, five, or six Edmunds that came to Oxford about 
the years 1185 to 11 90 two were deeply religious, practised the 
religious customs of that age, and reproduced its ordinary features. 
This would not be a very remarkable coincidence. No doubt it is 
curious that of these few Edmunds one should have become a monk 

* How natnxal this action of St. Ed- wounds of a crucifix, 

m^nd was, is shown by the story, given ^ He is mentioned in an Oseney deed 

in chap, xiii A, of a monk of Eynsham of 1182-5, ^<1 i^^ ^o oi* three others 

who was cured of fever by drinking which cannot be dated, 
water ¥dth which he had washed the 



INTRODUCTION 263 

at Eynsham, while the father of the other died there/ but in the 
course of history there have been coincidences more strange than 
this. 

If, as Father Thurston maintains, there is evidence that our author, 
Edmund the monk, lived at Abingdon, it must be confessed that his 
conclusion could hardly be avoided. Abingdon at that time cannot 
have had a thousand inhabitants, possibly not five hundred; that 
there should be two Edmunds among such a small number, so alike 
in age and character, would be most unlikely. But there are details 
in the vision which are fatal to the theory that Edmund the monk 
was a resident at Abingdon. Four points are mentioned about his 
home: it was lower down the river than Eynsham; it was a place 
where goldsmiths, or at least a goldsmith, lived (chap, xix); where 
there was a parish of St. Nicholas; and where there was a lecturer 
in the faculties of canon and civil law (chap. xxvi). There might 
be a goldsmith at Abingdon, although ic is not probable; there 
certainly was a parish of St. Nicholas ; but there certainly was not a 
lecturer in the faculties of law who had * auditores in scolis '. The 
words point clearly to Oxford ; they imply the existence of a Uni- 
versity, and such at that time could be found nowhere in England 
but at Oxford. 

There is other evidence which proves that the residence of the 
monk cannot have been Abingdon, or any place in Berkshire. We 
have seen that there is no doubt that our author is identical with 
the young clerk who on a certain All Souls' Day was ordered by a 
heavenly voice to carry a message to Hugh, bishop of Lincoln. But 
Abingdon was in the diocese of Salisbury, and it would have been 
contrary to the habits of the Middle Ages that one who was under the 
jurisdiction of the bishop of Salisbury should seek an interview with 
another diocesan and receive spiritual advice from him. The ties 
of parish and diocese were not in those days as loose as they are 
now ; and, as it would be safe to argue from any mediaeval will in 
which money was left to the cathedral of Lincoln that the testator 
lived within that diocese, so it is safe to argue that the young clerk 
who had an interview with St. Hugh was one who was under his 
jurisdiction. And this points to Oxford ; for if, as we have seen, the 
spot we require was lower down the river than Eynsham, yet must be 
in the diocese of Lincoln, it is not possible to find any other place 
which satisfies these conditions except Oxford. 

^ This is stated in the lives of St. Edmund. 



264 VISION OF THE MONK OF EYNSHAM 

Biit if the home of Edmund was at Oxford, it may be asked how 
his neighbour the goldsmith could describe himself as a parishioner 
of St. Nicholas ; for there was no parish of St. Nicholas in Oxford. 
As this touches one of the problems of Oxford topography, it will be 
discussed with some fullness. The most western of the Oxford parishes, 
containing the island of Oseney, the Castle, and a strip of the north 
suburb between the parish of St. Mary Magdalene and the river, was 
originaUy called St. George's, the parish church being St. George's 
within the Castle. About the beginning of the thirteenth century the 
parish changed its name, and is called in charters the parish of St. 
Thomas. Although the old name was occasionally used in Oseney 
rentals even as late as the fifteenth century, there can be no doubt 
that the parish church, where the inhabitants were buried, was St. 
Thomas's in the island of Oseney. The chapel of St. George, how- 
ever, was not deserted; it served as the chapel for the Castle, and 
from time to time we meet with clergy described as ' capellani sancti 
Georgii ' down to the Reformation. We also hear of a third building 
called the chapel of St. Nicholas; thus on May 23, 1225, two com- 
positions were effected * apud Oseneyam in capella Sancti Nicholai ', 
one of them being an agreement with the archdeacon of Oxford that 
the 'chaplain of the chapel of St. Thomas' need not attend the 
chapters (capUula) of the archdeacon nor pay procurations or sinodals, 
but that he would attend the archdeacon's sinods twice a year.^ In 
a deed of October, 1225, among the witnesses we find Walter de 
Brackele, chaplain of Sl Thomas, and William de Ebberbury, chaplain 
of the chapel of St. Nicholas.* In 127 1 Nicholas of Weston left 
money to Thomas the chaplain of the chapel of St. Nicholas ' within 
the gates of Oseney * and to Robert, chaplain of the chapel of St 
Thomas'; finally in the Valor of 1535 there is mention of three 
chaplains, one being of St. George within the Castle, another of 
* St. Thomas within {infra) Oxford ', and another of * St. Nicholas 
within the monastery of Oseney *, each of them receiving a salary of 
forty shillings.* The problem before us is to discover when the two 
chapels of St. Thomas and St. Nicholas were built, what their relation 
was to each other, and where the chapel of Sl Nicholas stood; in 
particular to discover whether the chapel of St. Nicholas existed about 
the years 11 90 to 1195, and whether it was in any sense a parochial 
chapel at that time. 

» Cott MS. Vitell. E. xv. fol. 153. • Oseney Charter, no. i4(Bodl. Lib.). 

* Oseney Cartuiaty^ charter 809, * Valor ^ u. 223. 



INTRODUCTION 265 

In the Gseney charters there seems to be no mention of the chapel 
of St. Nicholas earlier than 1225, but it would be dangerous to argue 
from this silence that it did not exist. If we hear nothing of it for the 
260 years after 1271, though it was in use all the time, it may be the 
case that it existed for half a century before 1225, although the fact 
does not happen to be recorded in any charter. Of the chapel of St. 
Thomas we have fuller records. Richard, chaplain of St. Thomas, 
occurs between 1196 and 11 98'; in a deed of the time of Abbot 
Hugh, and therefore not later than 1205, there is mention of land 
near the chapel of St. Thomas" ; about 1196 the abbot and convent 
of Oseney granted * to our faHllful clerk magister Remerius, for the 
love with which we embrace him, the messuage in Oseney which is 
between the messuage of Walkeline the priest and the messuage of 
Walter the clerk ', to be held by him for life, free of rent ; the deed is 
headed ' de terra juxta capellam ', • and the property seems to be next 
to, or the same as, the house ' by the chapel of St. Thomas ' granted 
a few years later to Eva, widow of William Hosarius, a benefactor of 
Oseney, to hold for her life.* We have evidence therefore that the 
chapel of St. Thomas existed before the year 1200, but whether it had 
already supplanted St. George's as the parish church is uncertain. 

When we turn to the Oseney Cartulary at Christ Church we find 
darkness rather than light. The section headed * de capella Sancti 
Thome ' * begins with the statement that the chapel of St. Thomas 
was built while the Castle of Oxford was besieged by King Stephen 
(September to December, 11 42), because the parishioners of St. 
George's could not enter the Castie; 'and let it be known that it 
is built on the fee of St Walery, upon the moiety of 174 acres given 
us by Bernard of St. Walery as appears below ' ; then follows the 
donation of the land by Bernard of St. Walery, the charter being 
not earlier than 11 70. This is the story that was current when the 
Cartulary was composed (i.e. about the year 1284), but it is mani- 
festly impossible. There could be no chapel of St. Thomas the 
Martyr nearly thirty years before the martyrdom of St. Thomas, nor 
is it likely that a chapel was built on the fee of St. Walery thirty years 
before the land was given to Oseney ; if some chapel was erected in 
1 142 for the use of the residents in Oseney it might have been the 
chapel of St. Nicholas, but not the chapel of St. Thomas. The next 

1 Oseney Cartulary, charter 573 (MS. » Cott MS. Vitell. E. xv. fol. 181. 

at Christ Church, Oxford). * Ibid., fol. 191. 

« Christ Church, North Oseney, char- » The Cartulary at Christ Church, 

ter no. 9. Oxford, fol. 31. 



266 VISION OF THE MONK OF EYNSHAM 

deed in the Cartulary is a confirmation by Bishop Hugh of Lincohi, 
which can be assigned by the witnesses to the years ii 89-1 191; 
in it he gives notice that ' the canons of Oseney with our assent and 
will have built a certain chapel before the gate of their court {curie 
sue) on their own land {J'undo), with this intent that therein divine 
service may be celebrated for their servants and guests or even their 
parishioners in the immediate neighbourhood* And lest by reason of 
this oratory the brethren should in future be troubled with unjust 
exactions we decree that the chapel shall be for ever free from 
sinodals and enjoy all the immunities which are enjoyed by the 
monastery of Oseney'. Then follofrs a bull of Pope Honorius, 
confirming to Oseney the chapel of St. Thomas 'even as you are 
in possession of it justly, canonically, and peaceably ' ; the deed is 
undated, but it must be between 12 16 and 1232, for in the latter 
year a composition was efifected between Oseney and the archdeacon 
of Oxford, which assumes that the chapel of Sl Thomas belonged to 
Oseney and was the parish church of the district* 

From Anthony Wood little help can be derived, but in one respect 
he adds something to our knowledge. He was able to peruse a 
manuscript, at that time in the possession of the bishop of Oxford 
but now lost, which gave an account of the abbots and the buildings 
of Oseney; and from this source he seems to have derived his 
information that the chapel of St. Nicholas was 'juxta et ante 
januam Ousney V that it was adjoining to the Domus Dei, a guest 
house for poor people, and that both these buildings stood outside 
the great gate of the abbey but within the lesser gate.' He also was 
able to inspect the original grant of St. Hugh, which was in his time 
to be found in Christ Church Treasury ; though it is now lost, he has 
left us a transcript of it, which corresponds exactly with the version of 
the Cartulary. He tells us * that it was endorsed ' de capella Sancti 
Thome'; but he must have thought that this endorsement was 
untrustworthy, as he takes the deed to be a licence for the chapel 
of St Nicholas, not for the church of St Thomas.* But his whole 
treatment of the matter is confused and uncertain. In one place 
he conjectures that the chapel of St Thomas, which was said to 
have been built in 1142, was one of the chapels in the monastic 
church of Oseney • ; in another he suggests that the chapels of St 



' Cott M.S. Vitell. E. xv. fol. 153. * Wood MS. D. a, p. 501. 

• City of Oxford, iu 208. * City of Oxford, ii. aoS. 

• Ibid., p. 20J. • Ibid., 219. 



INTRODUCTION 267 

Thomas and St. Nicholas were the same, or that the chapel of 
St. Nicholas was a part of the church of St Thomas * ; but if that 
were the case, it would be described as *capella sancti Nicholai 
infra ecclesiam sancti Thome ' ; moreover, there is evidence that in 
1520 they were distinct, and in fact if Wood's statements about the 
buildings of Oseney are correct, the two chapels must have been 
100 yards apart. 

But we are helped by some evidence which was unknown to 
Wood ; it is the record of a visitation of Oseney made by Bishop 
Atwater in 1520.* As was customary, the convent produced the 
episcopal charters in right of which were held the appropriations 
of its chiu-ches, i. e. St. Mary Magdalene, St. Thomas, Cowley, &c. ; 
next was produced the grant of the Pope that the abbot might use a 
mitre and pastoral staff and confer minor orders ; then the licence of 
the bishop of Lincoln * for the building of a chapel before the gate 
of the monastery for celebrating divine offices for the servants and 
neighbouring parishioners'. This was evidently distinct from the 
church of St. Thomas, and can be identified confidently with the 
chapel of St. Nicholas ; and there can be little doubt from the lan- 
guage of the record that the document produced was that licence 
of St. Hugh, which in 1284 the scribe of Oseney took to refer to 
the chapel of St. Thomas, It is not necessary to decide whether the 
interpretation of 1284 or of 1520 is correct; for our purpose it is 
enough to learn that in 1520 there was a chapel distinct from the 
church of St. Thomas, that it was outside the gate of the abbey, 
,and was used by the servants of the abbey and the neighbouring 
parishioners; although the name of the chapel is not given, there 
can be no doubt that it was the chapel of St. Nicholas. By * neigh- 
bouring parishioners ' are probably meant the residents on the ipanor 
of South Oseney. The southern half of the island was the nfanor 
of the abbey, and we may conjecture that the tenants of the abbey 
were allowed to make use of the chapel of St. Nicholas. But whatever 
the phrase means, we learn that in 1520 there were some who could 
call themselves parishioners of St. Nicholas ; and if it was so in 1520, 
it was probably so from the time when the chapel was first built.' 

Although no mention of the chapel of St. Nicholas has been found 

* City of Oxford y ii. 116. that the parish should bear the name of 

' MS. at Lincoln. St. Nicholas instead of St. Thomas, and 

' When Henry VIII was wag^g war in deeds of the end of the reign of 

against the memory of St. Thomas the Henry VIII it is so described. 

Martyr, he decreed (or it was decreed) 



268 VISION OF THE MONK OF EYNSHAM 

earlier than 1225, yet we meet with * chaplains of Oseney ' at an earlier 
date, distinct from the chaplains of St George's. Thus William de 
Burton is *capellanus de Oseneye' about the year 1200, and the 
grant of St. Hugh which has already been mentioned so often is 
witnessed by Walkeline ' our chaplain *. May it not be the case that 
he was not chaplain to the bishop, but chaplain to Oseney, that he is 
identical with Wakeline the priest who lived near both the chapels of 
St. Nicholas and St. Thomas*? If so, it may prove to be the case 
that the 'venerable priest' who attended the lawyer when he lay 
in his last illness at the guest-house of Oseney* was Walkeline. 

It is not, therefore, unwarrantable to assume that in the years 
1 1 90-1 1 95 there was a chapel of St. Nicholas for the servants, guests, 
and neighbours of Oseney. And in two respects such a chapel 
suits better the story of the goldsmith' than any parish church of 
St. Nicholas, if such could be found. In the first place, the gold- 
smith was in the habit of attending matins at night in this chapel ; 
but it is doubtful if any parish church had matins regularly.* We 
are told in the life of St. Edmund, preserved at Balliol College, that 
such was the devoutness of Mabel, his mother, that she was accus- 
tomed to rise at midnight and attend *the matins of the monks', 
which seems to imply that in the two parish churches of Abingdon 
she would not find the service. But the chapel of St Nicholas at 
Oseney, being semi-monastic, would naturally follow the monastic 
hours and services. In the second place, our author describes the 
building as ' oratorium ' and ' ecclesiola ', words unsuitable to a parish 
church. 

On all groimds, therefore, the evidence points to Oxford, not 
Abingdon, as the residence of the monk who saw the vision. And if 
it is maintained that he might still be identified wiih St Edmund, 
as tie saint, though bom at Abingdon, and known as ' Edmundus de 
Abendone ',* lived at Oxford from boyhood, yet the argument, that it 
is unlikely that there should be two people of the same name with so 
much in common, loses its force according to the size of the popula- 
tion; and Oxford must have been ten times as populous as Abingdon. 

Moreover, there are grave difficulties in the way of the suggested 
identification, and the facts that are known about St. Edmund are 

* See above, p. 265. introdaction to the services of Christmas 
^ Chap. xxvi. Day {Records of Borough of Leicester^ 
' Chap. xxi. i. 369). 

* We hear of matins at midnight at * Roll of Hugh IVells, ii. 3. 
a church in Leicester, but it was as on 



INTRODUCTION 269 

in many points in disagreement with what we know about Edmund 
the monk. We are told in the life of St. Edmund that he was so 
young when his father died that he could not remember him; our 
Edmund could well remember his father, and was thinking of him on 
All Souls' Day while he was reciting the Psalter. Again, the father of 
St. Edmund died in the monastery of Eynsham, the father of our 
Edmund died in the Holy Land.* Father Thurston puts this 
evidence aside by remarking that as the biographies of St. Edmund 
are not agreed what was the name of his father, some saying Edward 
and others Reginald, we need not heed them when they tell us 
that his father died at Eynsham. It is true that the lives of 
St. Edmund are not in harmony on this and many other points; 
but if we are to use them to prove similarities between St. Edmund 
and Edmund the monk, they must also be noticed when they 
prove dissimilarities. And if the latter can be neglected, because 
the lives are untrustworthy, by the same reasoning the former 
cannot be adduced. 

But more fatal is the silence of the biographers of St. Edmund 
and of the chroniclers of the thirteenth century. There is nowhere 
the least suggestion either that St. Edmund was at one time in a 
Benedictine monastery, or that he saw that vision which was so 
edifying, so popular, so well known to Ralph of Coggeshall, 
Matthew Paris, and Roger of Wendover. Father Thurston himself 
sees the diflBculty; it is almost incredible that the matter should 
have been kept secret, quite incredible that, if known, a point 
which was so much to the glory of the saint should have been 
omitted in his biographies. One of them is said to have been 
composed by his brother Robert. Can it be the case that he did 
not know that St Edmund was at one time at Eynsham, that it 
was he who saw the miracle of the infant Saviour in the hands of 
St. Hugh, and afterwards had the vision of the souls in purgatory ? 
Father Thurston, laying emphasis on the passages in the vision, 
where the monk expresses a wish that neither the names of those 
who were in torments, nor of himself who saw them, should be known, 
assumes that Adam, the author, was bound to secrecy by the young 
Edmund. But this was evidently not the meaning of Edmund. His 
name was well known in connexion with the vision ; it is given in the 
Digby MS., in Matthew Paris and Roger of Wendover. Edmund did 
not mean to bind his hearers to secrecy, but like a humble and right- 

/ Vita Magna^ p. 238. 



fi70 VISION OF THE MONK OF EYNSHAM 

minded man he thoaght that the vision was given him not for his 
own glory, but for the glory of God, and desired no mention of 
himself. Even if he had wished for secrecy, it would have been 
quite impossible to secure it« Oxford was near Eynsham, and when 
the vision was compiled by Adam at the command of Bishop 
Hugh, were there none at Oxford who asked which of the monks 
it was who had the vision ? And ten years later, when St. Edmund 
was a prominent preacher and teacher at Oxford, can we assume 
that every one had forgotten the marvellous incident of the Easter 
of 1 1 96? Even if he had asked for secrecy during his life, yet 
after his death it would have been a duty to have disregarded his 
wish, and to have let the world know the marvellous and edifying 
story. Not only is there no evidence in the lives of St Edmund 
to connect him with this vision, but there is no evidence that he was 
ever a member of a monastery. Father Thurston suggests that, 
as at one time he held some ' ill-defined position among the Austin 
canons' of Merton Priory, he may previously have tried the 
Benedictine rule at Eynsham ; but this is to read into our authorities 
what is not there. There is no authority for connecting him with 
Merton except the letter of the prior of Merton composed in 124 1 
with a view to securing the canonization St. Edmund, and this letter 
merely states that St Edmund had resided for more than a year 
at Merton Priory before he became a regent {rector) in theology, and 
had often resided there since, as some of the brethren took much 
delight in his holy talk^; much the same words are used by the 
abbot of Reading, saying that St. Edmund had sometimes stayed 
there.* Also the theory that Fr. Thurston is obliged to advance, that 
St. Edmund tried the Benedictine rule but was never professed, having 
only been a novice, does not accord well with the facts known about 
Edmund the monk. It is true that by Easter, 11 96, he had only 
been fifteen months at the monastery, and that as he had been ill 
nearly the whole time, his profession might have been postponed; 
but the work before us implies that Edmund the monk continued 
to reside at Eynsham after he recovered his health. Adam, the 
author, definitely says that the details of the vision were told to 
him on various occasions after Easter, 1196; one passage refers to 
events which happened three weeks or more after that Easter, and 
the impression conveyed by Adam is that for weeks and months 
he was in communication with Edmund, and learned more details 

^ Martene, Thesaurus anecdotarum, iii. 1899. ' Ibid., iii. 191a 



INTRODUCTION 271 

of what he had seen. We should be forced, therefore, to assume 
that a man could be a resident in a monastery for almost, if not 
quite, two years without being professed This in itself is unlikely, 
but in view of the far greater improbabilities that have already 
been pointed out, it need not be pressed. 

But if the world was ignorant who it was who saw the vision, 
there was one place where there could not be this ignorance, 
namely, Eynsham Abbey; and if St. Edmund had once been a 
resident and a novice there, is it likely that the monks would have 
forgotten it? A mother might as soon forget her offspring as a 
monastery forget an inmate that would have brought it such honour. 
And if there is one occasion when Eynsham would have been 
proud of this connexion, and would have had special reasons for 
dilating on any marvel connected with St. Edmund, it was when 
evidence was being collected with a view to the canonization of 
the saint Among the letters from monastic houses printed in 
Martene {TTiesaurus anecdoiorum, iii. 19 15) is one from G. abbot 
of ' Egnelham '. Any one who has had to read many charters of 
the period 1230-1250 must know that about that time the letter ' s ' 
was often so formed as to be hardly distinguishable from T. 
Doubtless, therefore, 'Egnelham' means *Egnesham', the abbot of 
which, in the year 1241 was named Gilbert. Now in this letter 
there is not the least reference to any residence of St. Edmund at 
the abbey. Father Thurston says that in the letter 'much 
familiarity ' with St. Edmund ' is assumed ' ; but here again, in 
his desire to prove his new theory, he has allowed his judgement to 
be warped. The letter assumes no more familiarity with St. Edmund 
than the letter of any other monastic house near Oxford. The 
Abbot claims to be able to speak with confidence about St. Edmund 
simply because Eynsham is near Abingdon, where St. Edmund was 
born, and near Oxford where he studied. 

Moreover, the Digby MS. of the Vision, which we have selected 
for printing, contains a statement about Edmund which throws 
some light on his family. The rubric at the beginning of the 
manuscript speaks of him as brother of Adam the prior. Now, 
in the Eynsham Cartulary it appears that Adam was a native of 
Oxford; for his brother, named William, is generally described as 
William of Oxford.* In two charters at Magdalen College we 

* See vol. i, p. 305 ; compare p. 167, index. In vol. i, p. 245 we leam that 
and see Willelmus de Oxonia in the William had a son named Adam. 



272 VISION OF THE MONK OF EYNSHAM 

meet with * William, brother of Adam, abbot of Eynsham ' ; he held 
two small properties in the parish of St. Peter in the East, and is 
described as 'faber', but it has not been possible to discover who 
was the father of William and Adam, and also therefore of Edmund. 
If we remember how rare the name Edmund was, and that it is 
often the case that an unusual name occurs in the same family 
for several generations, we might naturally conjecture that Edmundus 
Medicus, of whom we have spoken, was their father. He was 
alive in 1182 or later, but seems to have disappeared about 1185- 
1190, having sold some of his land to Oseney; this would suit 
what we know about the father of Edmund the monk, namely, 
that in 11 94 he had been dead for some years. Also it would 
explain the accuracy of medical language which is a marked feature 
in the writing of Adam.* But much search has produced no cor- 
roboration of this theory. We hear of a daughter of Edmundus 
Medicus, by name Dionysia, alive in 1230, and owner of property 
near the Castle,* but hitherto no deed has been found to connect 
her with Adam, abbot of Eynsham, or William of Oxford, smith. 
Nothing more can be said than that Edmund and Adam belonged 
to an Oxford family, and probably we may conclude from the 
language used by Adam that when he was composing the life of 
St. Hugh about 1210-1220, the clerk who had seen the miracle 
at Buckden and foretold the recovery of the Holy Land, was 
himself dead.* 

Not only does it appear that Edmund was a native of Oxford, 
but his outlook is limited to Oxford and the neighbourhood. Father 
Thurston is of the opinion that if the monk had not studied at 
Paris as well as Oxford, he could not have recognized in purgatory 
so many prominent persons, whom he had seen on earth; but it 
will be shown in the notes that, with one exception, there is 
historical evidence that all of them could have been seen in Oxford 
between the years 11 75 and 1195. The king's court was occasion- 
ally at Oxford, and often at Woodstock, and prominent nobles and 
ecclesiastics came frequently to Oxford as itinerant judges. Also 
the abbots and abbesses that he mentions seem to be those of the 
religious houses that were nearest to Oxford. 

If, as we have seen, it was in November, 11 94, that Edmund 

* See chap. xix. His medical daties may have been partly medical, 

language is so accurate that he may • Close Rolls^ p. 350. 

himself have been a doctor, and though ' Vita Magna^ p. 342. 
he is called ' capellanus' of St. Hugh, his 



INTRODUCTION 273 

made his journey to Buckden, it may be asked whether in that 
year November 2 would fall on such a day of the week that a 
traveller leaving Oxford on November 3 would reach Buckden on 
a Saturday, as was the case with the young clerk. In 1194 All 
Saints* Day fell on Tuesday. Edmund, therefore, starting from 
Oxford before daybreak on Thursday, November 3, and travelling, 
as we are told, on foot, would reach Buckingham on Thursday 
night, and Bedford on Friday night, covering twenty-five miles each 
day. Starting early on Saturday he would reach Buckden before 
II o'clock, in time to find the Bishop saying mass; for as there 
had already been a funeral that day, it was evidently not an early 
mass. No doubt this is quick travelling, but he was ordered to go 
* quam celerrime \ 

In what part of Oxford Edmund lived, and in what church he 
was praying when he heard the heavenly voice, must remain un- 
certain. We know that he dwelt in a lodging-house (hospicium) 
with certain companions^ {soat), but there were lodging-houses in 
all the parishes of Oxford. Nor can we identify the church from 
the fact that a * reclusa * lived there.' We hear of a recluse named 
Alice at the church of St. Budoc' in 1243, of another named 
Basilia at the church of St. Ebbe about twenty years earlier,* and 
it is probable that they were not at all uncommon at the end of 
the twelfth century. Perhaps a more clear indication may be found 
in chapter xxiv, where Edmund asserts that before his vision he 
had always been specially devoted to St Nicholas; the words 
suggest that, like the goldsmith, he was a parishioner of the chapel 
of St. Nicholas. In confirmation of this theory we may adduce 
the phrase spoken to Edmund in chapter xxvi, 'uenerabili 
presbitero, quem et tu nosti,' which it will be seen is used of the 
chaplain of St. Nicholas. If Edmund was a resident in the island 
of Oseney and a neighbour of the goldsmith, he would naturally 
be acquainted with the chaplain of St. Nicholas who attended that 
clerk whom we shall identify with William of Tonbridge. 

At present nothing more can be said with certainty than that 
Adam, Edmund, and William belonged to an Oxford family. The 
two former were clerks, and may have been drawn to Eynsham by 
long acquaintance^ with one who held the post of prior there. 

• Viia Magna, p. 340. * St Ebbe's deed, No. 7 (Magd. Coll. 

' Vt/a Magna^ p. 239. Charters). 

» Col. 0/ Patent Rolls^ p. 275. * See the end of chap. li. 



274 VISION OF THE MONK OF EYNSHAM 

There can be no doubt that Adam had received a good education. 
His Latin, if too ambitious, is idiomatic, and it will be obvious 
from the following pages with what care he revised his sentences 
and improved their rhythm, in what we may call the successive 
editions of his work. Some of the words he uses suggest that he 
had been grounded on Ovid and Virgil, and we can hardly avoid 
the conclusion that he, or Edmund, or both of them, knew the 
Sixth Aeneid. A few verbal resemblances are indicated in the notes, 
and the presence of St Nicholas as a guide and explainer seems 
to be derived from Virgil's Sybil. 

But it would be an error to think of our Vision as though it 
were a Christian version of the Sixth Aeneid. Unlike the works 
of Virgil or Dante, there can be little doubt that our vision was 
a real event, not a literary figment. It is impossible to agree with 
Mons. B. Haureau, who blames Matthew Paris for inserting the 
story in his history as though it were an historical fact of the year 
1 1 96, and asserts that the historian has taken too literally what 
was merely the setting of a moral tale.^ We cannot doubt that 
Edmund had a real existence, and that what we are told -of his 
fifteen months of illness, of his ulcers, and so foith, is to be taken 
literally. In fact, one of the chief features of the vision is its lack 
of imagination. Virgil and Dante made use of their opportunity 
to bring before us the great men of past time, but our monk 
mentions none but those of his time whom he himself had seen in 
person. We may notice also that details in the dream which are 
pointless or impossible are yet reproduced, as when Edmund dreamt 
that the prior took his seat on the abbot's throne and was dressed 
in an alb to administer the discipline.* 

Although we hold that there, can be no doubt that Edmund had 
a trance and saw a vision of the other world, we may yet be of 
opinion that our account of it owes something to the imagination 
of Adam. In more than one place he explains that he was not a 
mere reporter, but sometimes gave the sense rather than the words 
of Edmund, and that he pieced together stories which were told 
him by Edmund at different times.' We may even go farther than 
this. When we find that the opinions attributed in our Vision to 
St. Nicholas about the state of the clergy ^ correspond ahnost word 

* Notices et extraits cU qutlques manu- • Chap, vi, 
scrits latins bjr B. Haureau, 1. 127. * See p. 344. 

^ Chap. ziii. 



INTRODUCTION 275 

for word with the opinions attributed to Bishop Hugh in the Vita 
Bugonis^ the natural conclusion is that neither St Nicholas, nor 
Edmund, nor St. Hugh was the true source, but Adam, the com- 
poser of both the works. Similarly, when we find that in the one 
work ^ an unnamed abbess, and in the other work St. Hugh, are 
depicted as behaving to lepers in a way which the author says was 
astounding, the most natural conclusion is that in both cases Adam 
is adding an embellishment of his own. And it would probably be 
fair to say that, according to the literary canons of the Middle Ages, 
a writer of the life of a saint, or a narrator of a vision, would be 
failing in his duty to the public if he did not make such edifying 
additions as were within his power. 

Perhaps the point about this vision which will be generally con- 
sidered of most interest is whether Dante had any knowledge of 
it. It has been pointed out that Dante mentions the morning of 
Good Friday as the date for the beginning of his vision, the very hour 
when Edmund the monk passed mto his trance ; and though Dante's 
vision is represented as extending over six or more days, yet the 
first third of it came to an end exactly at the hour when Edmund 
returned to earth again. . It seems, therefore, probable that Dante 
had met with a copy of our vision.* 

It will be noticed that Edmund's vision deals only with purgatory. 

It is true that in chapters xlix-liv he describes those who have 

left purgatory and are approaching paradise, and in chapter Iv 

he even enters paradise, but he gives no description of it, and, as 

we shall see, there is reason to think that these chapters are a 

supplement to the original vision. Of hell he says little ; those who 

die imrepentant in gross sin depart to eternal death (chapter xxii) ; 

in particular he mentions a multitude of incontinent priests 

(chapter xxxvi); but this information is from what he heard, not 

from what he saw. In purgatory he describes three parts ; the first 

is where holy people are purged of their sins ; the second may be 

defined as the place for those who die repentant though they were 

imperfect Christians ; the third is the place for those who were guilty 

of unnatural lust but died repentant ; though they are not in hell but 

in purgatory, the writer is uncertain whether their pains are not eternal. 

In the other two cases the period in purgatory varies according to 

the life of the individual, but from several passages' we gather 

* See p. 355. 

' See Father Thurston in AnaUda Bollandiana^ xxiii. 232. 

3 See p. 339. 

T 2 



276 VISION OF THE MONK OF EYNSHAM 

that it was the idea of Edmund, and perhaps of others of his 
time, that on an average souls were not in purgatory for more 
than ten years. As the current teaching was that the pains were 
assuaged by the prayers and masses of the living, it is easy to 
understand why money was often left to be spent on obtaining 
prayers for the first years after death. 

Of the moral teaching of the vision little need be said. If Adam 
and Edmund are fair representatives of the Oxford of the twelfth 
century, both in religion and in education, the University was in a 
healthy state. The same sturdy type of Christianity which is found in 
the Vita Hugonis is found here also ; there is the same dislike of the 
forest laws, not because they were harsh, but because they were 
unchristian ; * there is praise for laymen and secular clergy as much 
as for monks ; and more than once he states that monks were among 
those who were in the worst punishment Monsieur Haureau is less 
than fair to Edmund, when he would have him to be a narrow monk, 
because in paradise he sees only those of his own profession, a* prior, 
an abbess, and a monk.' There are points in the religious teaching 
to which we refuse assent, as that a man can be guilty of sin when 
he was unaware that what he did was sinful;' but the pictures 
of holiness that he puts before us are more inspiring and elevating 
than is common with religious works of that period.^ 

The manuscripts of our vision are numerous ; the following is a list 
of those that have been used, numerals being used as their symbols, as 
in the edition by Father Thurston : — 

MS. I is Cott MS. Calig. C. xi. foil. 49-69, at the British Museum. 
An account of this manuscript may be found in the * Catalogue of 
Romances in the MS. Department of the British Museum ', pp. 493- 
502. It is written in double columns in a small hand of the be- 
ginning of the thirteenth century. This manuscript has been used 
by Father Thurston as the basis of his text 

MS. 2 is Digby MS. 34, foil. 100-26, in the Bodleian Library. 
The volume, which measures about six inches by seven, contains 
three manuscripts which were all in the library of Dr. Allen, and 
still bear the numbers 50, 46, and 39 in his hand. When they came 
into the possession of Mr. Digby they were bound together, his 
inscription being stamped on the leather. The second of these 

• Chap. xli. » Chap, xxxiii. 

' Notices et extraits de qwlques manu- * e.g. the Lives of St. Edmund of 
scrits latim, i, 137. Canterbury. 



INTRODUCTION 277 

three manuscripts is a collection of five visions of the other world 
(foil. 81-126), of which the first four have already appeared in print. 
The fifth is the vision of Edmund of * Ainesham '. The manuscript 
unfortimately is incomplete, extending no farther than the first two 
letters of the word imputari in chapter xxviii. As fol. 126^ is not 
rubbed, whereas fol. 81' is, we conclude that the mutilation of 
the MS. took place at some comparatively recent date. 

MS. 3 is Bodleian MS. 44 (formeriy numbered 1868), foil. 170-89. 
The handwridng is of the first half of the thirteenth century, and an 
entry on the fly-leaf shows that the whole volume, consisting of five 
or six pieces in different hands, was complete by the year 1260. It 
is known to have come from the neighbourhood of Reading, and 
on the first page occur the words * Nicholaus camerarius de Radyng '. 
One feature of this MS. is that the gaps left by the scribe, where his 
original was defective or illegible, have been filled up by an early reader, 
but quite at random; any word that would make sense has been 
inserted by pure conjecture ; and consequently these words are 
valueless for a reconstruction of the true text. The vision, being 
the last of the pieces of which the volume is composed, is defective, 
ending with the words a camihus in chapter li. 

MS. 4 is Selden MS. supra 66 in the Bodleian Library, beautifully 
written in a hand of the end of the fourteenth century; it contains 
very few mistakes, and is divided into paragraphs with rubricated 
headings. Father Thurston inserted these headings in his edition, 
and they are reproduced here; but it must be remembered that 
they are not the work of the original author. The way in which 
the text is divided into paragraphs varies in each manuscript, and 
the headmgs or marginal summaries, where any are given, likewise 
vary. This MS. is closely allied to MS. 11, and in chapter. xxxi 
they agree in the same blunder. 

MS. 5 is Bodleian MS. 636 foil. 25-50, of the fifteenth century, 
badly written. The MS. is formed of gatherings, each consisting 
of six pages, two sheets of paper being placed within a sheet of 
parchment. The MS. is. defective from the middle of chapter xiii 
to the middle of chapter xix. 

MS. 6 is No. 43 among the manuscripts of Corpus Chrisd College, 
Cambridge. It is in a hand of the fourteenth century in double 
columns, the pages measuring about thirteen inches by eight. No 
rubrics are given, but spaces have been left for their insertion. It 
is carefully written, but the archetype was a somewhat corrupt text, 



278 VISION OF THE MONK OF EYNSHAM 

and the scribe was utteriy uninteUigent; words are divided in a way 
which the context shows is impossible, fresh sentences are begun 
in the middle of a clause, and the punctuation is frequently such 
as to ruin the sense. Occasionally Uank spaces are left for words 
which the scribe could not read. 

MS. 7 is HarL MS. 3776 in the British Museum, containing only 
short excerpts from the vision, and apparendy of no value. 

MS. 8 is the symbol used by Father Thurston for Cott MS. Calig. 
A. viii foil. 192-209. This is an entirely diflferent text, being a 
rendering into Latin of a French rhyming edition, as is shown by 
its preface, which runs as follows: — 

* Ad laudem dei & legentium utilitatem presens opusculum super 
quadam uisione terribili de suppliciis & locis penalibus, in quibus anime 
peccatis obnoxie post obitum corporis cruciantur, quam deus ulcionum 
& pater misericordiarum cuidam seruo suo, non solum ad premuni- 
endum electos suos, uerum etiam ad eorum incredulitatem corri- 
piendum, qui huiusmodi penas 8c loca penalia non esse opinantur, 
necnon ad terrorem peccancium & penitere nolencium, dum tempus 
habent, reuelare dignatus est, de Gallica edicione rithmice composita 
in Latinam transtuli stilo communi, quamuis rudis ego & inops 
uerborum, diuitibus forsan multis exponendum. Quorum prouida 
discrecio mee indulgeat insufficiencie, quia non presumpcione aliqua 
negocium istud, quod uires meas excedit, attemptaui, sed iussu & 
rogatu reuerendi ac karissimi magistri mei, cuius precepta reuerenter 
exequi, utcunque potero, non solum magistralis auctoritas & merita 
ipsius gratissima animum meum alliciunt, quinimmo dileccio sincera 
suadet. Placuit autem sibi hoc onus imponere michi hac radone, 
quia in prenotato tractatu in rithmico sermone nimis diffunditur causa 
metri 8c multa inseruntur, que fastidium inferunt legenti & parum 
ad propositum facere uidentur; que tanquam superflua rescindere 
8c rem gestam succincte perorare, seruata sentencia uerborum, ut 
oportet, me docuit magister mens prenominatus, utilitati legencium 
consulens & considerans fructum leccionis non in multiloquio, sed 
pocius in compendio consistere conuenienter ad intellectum ordinato. 
Nomen uero serui dei memorati frater Edmundus uocabatur, monachus 
de Eynesham, regnante illustre rege Ricardo, quem tante uirtutis fiiisse 
ac tante sanctitatis & meriti apud Deum testatur ipsa scriptura, quod 
fides certissima est ab omnibus sibi adhibenda, & a nuUo sane mentis 
reuocari debent in dubium, que uir Spiritu Sancto, que est ipsa ueritas, 
repletus scriptis committere decreuit. Hiis igitur pro parte prohemiali 



INTRODUCTION 279 

premissis ad partem executiuam inuocata Spiritus Sancti gracia uertatur 
stilus. 

'In quodam monasterio de Eynsham regni anglie erat quidam 
monachus uir simplex & rectus ac timens Deum & recedens a malo ; 
castus etiam, humilis & obediens erat [&c].' 

The name of the translator is not given, but this passage implies 
that he was an Englishman. It is therefore curious that, although 
Roger of Wendover and Matthew Paris had given long extracts from 
the original, and several of our manuscripts must have been in 
existence, the translator was unaware that there was already a 
Latin version. 

It is possible that if the French version could be discovered it might 
add something to our knowledge of Eynsham, for it might have 
been composed at Eynsham ; but the Latin rendering of the French 
does not seem to contain any detail which is not found in the ordinary 
Latin text 

MS. 9 is Cod. Lat 131 foil. 1-27 at Chartres, being of the 
thirteenth century. It has been used by Dom. Ruber in his edition, 
where its symbol is F. 

MS. 10 is Cod. Lat. 51 foil. 281-309 at Chartres, of the fourteenth 
century; Ruber's Z. 

MS. II is Cod. Lat 651 at Metz, of the fourteenth century; 
Ruber's M. 

MS. 12 is Cod. Lat. 2590 foil. 51-8 in the Bibl. Nationale at 
Paris ; Ruber's P, of the thirteenth century. 

MS. 13 is Reserve des Imprimis D. 1042 in the Bibl. Nationale, 
a MS. of the fifteenth century on paper. As it is bound up at 
the end of some early printed works, it is kept in the department 
of printed books. 

MS. 14 is Cod. Lat 14,978 foil. 1-74 in the Bibl. Nationale, probably 
of the fifteenth century. It is composed of paper and parchment like 
MS. 5, and after the word narratores at the end of the preface adds 
a short summary of the vision, which it calls a prologue. 

MS. 15 is MS. 1030 foil 96-124 in the Bibliothfeque de I'Arsensal 
at Paris, of the fifteenth century. This MS. has a passage at the end, 
peculiar to itself, in which the scribe exhorts the reader to attain 
the joys mentioned in the vision. In the few places where the 
readings of this MS. have been tested, it seems to agree very closely 
with MSS. 9, 10, and 12. 

This does not exhaust the list of known MSS.; the catalogue 



28o VISION OF THE MONK OF EYNSHAM 

of the MSS. at Trinity College, Dublin, shows that it contains one 
MS., possibly two, of our vision ; there is also said to be one at 
Trinity College, Cambridge; also Basle MS. A. vL i6 and St. Gall 
MS. 142 ; * and there can be little doubt that many are yet to be 
found in French, German, and Italian libraries. 

Of these MSS. I have no knowledge of 9-12, except from Ruber's 
printed collations; the others I have seen and examined, but have 
collated only i, 2, 3 and 4. 

It would be a long and profidess work to record all the minute 
variations of these manuscripts, all the slight inaccuracies of the 
scribes, and such minor matters as the reversing of the order of 
a noun and its epithet Father Thurston has attempted it for the 
six manuscripts that he used, but has given no more than a quarter 
of their variations.' Dom. Huber has attempted it, and apparently 
with success, for his four manuscripts, but as the two Chartres 
MSS. are practically identical, he had only to give the various 
readings from two MSS. ; and the length of his critical notes 
shows how immense would be the same task for fourteen MSS. But 
the discovery that all MSS. fall into three classes suggests a simpler 
plan, and nothing more is attempted in this volume than to give 
the reading of each group of MSS. It will be seen diat the 
divergences are so great that they cannot have been the work of 
a scribe, but must be the deliberate alterations of the author, so that 
we can trace three successive editions of the book. The first edition 
is represented by MS. 2, and will be called Text A ; the second, 
or Text B, is represented by MSS. i, 3, 6, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15; the 
third, or Text C, by MSS. 4, 5, 11, 13. Text A is the most lengthy, 
the most personal, and the roughest ; in the subsequent texts we have 
a more condensed, rhythmical and impersonal version. As an instance 
of the difference between the three texts we may take a passage 
in chapter xxvi : — 

Text A (MS. a). Text B (MSS. i, 3, 6, 9, Text C (MSS. 4, 5, 11). 

nutu Dei, qui omnes i®» ^V* nutu Dei, qui omnes 

precepit ab errore ad peni- nutu Dei, qui omnes uult ad penitendam con- 

tentiam conuerti, incidit cupit ab errore ad peni- uerti, incidit in longuo- 

in langnorem, quo per tentiam conuerti, incidit rem, quo per nouem cir- 

Douem menses uexatus in languorem, quo per citer menses uexatus est. 

nixit. nouem circiter menses 
uexatus est 

* On the authority of Father Thurston gives only two various readings from 
{Dublin Review^ 1904, p. 238) who, MS. 4 and none from MSS. 5 and 6, 
however, has not seen them. whereas MS. 4 differs from his printed 

* Thus on page 277 of his edition he text in a dozen places or more. 



INTRODUCTION 



281 



No mention is made of MSS. 13, 14 and 15, as their text has 
not been verified at this spot. No doubt in this instance the diver- 
gence between the three texts is slight, and might be attributed to a 
slip of the scribe, but when we find similar variations on every page, 
MS. 2 always standing by itself, when we find that what is lengthy 
and awkward in MS. 2 is pruned and polished in what is called 
Text B, and still more in Text C, we are led to the conclusion 
that we have three editions of the work, and that the author himself 
revised it twice. The difference between Texts B and C is best marked 
in chapters xlii, xliii and xlviii : thus in chapter xlviii we have : — 



Text B (MSS. i, 3, 6, 9, 10, la, 14, 15). 

lam aero quia multa ex hiis que in locis tonnen- 
tonim comperimas, nt potuimus, festinanter occupa- 
tionibas niminim uariis multnm prepediti, nimiis hinc 
inde tnmnltibus ex diaini natu moderaminis in nos 
consargentibos nehementer attriti, fideli potins quam 
falerato sermone digessimus, hie de penis et in eis 
positis animabus narracionem interim conclndimos. 
Post hec cmn saperne intuitns miseracionis quietem 
nobis immodice, peccatis nostris exigentibns, ad pre- 
sens turbatam, serenatis immo sedatis contrarietatum 
procellis qaibns infestamnr, restitnerit, de gandio & 
exaltacione bonorum in sede amena 8c iocnnda felici- 
ter qniescentium aliqna qne nidimns exprimere, pront 
dominus dederit, temptabimns. Dignum quippe 8c 
omnino instnm est nt qui post tot non marinornm 
flactunm sed amara tormentorum discrimina stellam 
maris pagine nostre illuxisse nidimns, portamque 
salutis tandem, scilicet miserornm refiigium et beato- 
mm gandium, matrem misericordie, stilo applicante 
tetigimns, denuo in istins Inmine, in hnius quiete 
ambnlantes, maneamns & manentes ambnlemns, am- 
bnlantes quoqne & manentes gandeamns, prestante 
domino nostro Ihesn Christo, beatissime eiusdem 
▼irginis creatore 8c filio, qui cum deopatre &coetemo 
et consubstantiali Spiritu paracllto uiait & glonatnr, 
nnns deus in secula seculorum. 

Nnnc de solaciis quiescencinm & eterna gloria 
beatorum, que dicere promisimns, aliqua utcumque 
dicamus, &c. 

Although there is no other passage where the alterations are as 
great as here, yet the footnotes will show in how many cases the 
two texts diverge, the text represented by 4, 5, 11 and 13 being 
always the more brief, the more impersonal, and the more polished ; 
unnecessary epithets are omitted, references to the feelings of the 
author and his circumstances are removed, and the rhythm of the 
Latin is improved. There can, I think, be no doubt that the shorter 
version is in this case the later. 

A theory may be hazarded to account for these three versions. 



Text C (MSS. 4, 5, II, 
13). 

lam uero quia multa 
ex hiis que in locis tor- 
mentorum comperimusi 
nt potuimus, fideli pocius 
quam falerato sermone 
digessimus, hie de penis 
uel in eis positis anima- 
bus narracionem interim 
terminabimus. Post hec 
de gandio et exultacione 
bonorum in sede amena 
& iocunda feliciter qnie- 
scentium aliqna que uidi- 
mus exprimere, prout do- 
minus dederit, temptabi- 
mns. 

Nunc de solaciis quie- 
scencinm et eterna gloria 
bonorum aliqua utcum- 
que dicamus, &c. 



28a VISION OF THE MONK OF EYNSHAM 

It 18 acutely noticed by Father Thurston that the vision must at 
one time have come to an end with chapter zlviiL We there have 
the ordinary conclusion of a book ' unus Deus in secula seculorum ' ; 
the author expresses the hope that some day he may continue the 
work, but for the moment he must come to an end because of 
' storms of opposition ' (fontrarietatum procelU\ and he says that what 
he had written was composed hurriedly amid other occupations and 
'disturbances' (iumultibus) which arose against him. Our know- 
ledge of the history of Eynsham enables us to see in these words 
a reference to the great lawsuit which was running its course in 
1 196 and 1 197, between the Bishop of Lincoln as patron of Eynsham 
and King Richard I (see vol. i, p. 17). If we possessed the con- 
clusion of MS. 2 we should probably find that Text A, composed 
in 1 197, came to an end at chapter xlviii except that there was an 
appendix from hec ego (chapter Ivii) to the end of chapter Iviii. 
Subsequently the author revised what he had written, and added 
ten chapters, but when he added chapter xlix he forgot to correct 
the last words of chapter xlviii, so that in Text B the author promises 
a continuation of his work at some distant date, and then immediately 
fulfils his promise in chapter xlix. Subsequently he corrected the 
whole work, and removed this and many other imperfections in 
Text C. This theory will account for the fact that whereas Texts B 
and C diverge considerably in chapters i-xlviii and the final ap- 
pendix, they are almost identical in the remaining part. It is as 
if the author found that what he had hurriedly composed in 1197, 
though revised in Text B, yet needed fiirther polishing in Text C, 
whereas that which had been composed at leisure for Text B satisfied 
him, and needed little alteration for Text C. 

We have no manuscript which can claim to have been drawn 
up under the eye of the author. Although MSS. i and a must have 
been written during his life-time, they contain so many blunders that 
it is evident that they are transcripts. 

In the following pages Text A has been reproduced as far as that 
point in chapter xxviii where the manuscript comes to an end ; from 
that point Text C is given. No doubt it would be more logical 
to give Text B where we cannot give Text A ; but as it has already 
been printed by Father Thurston and by Dom. Huber, it has been 
thought better to give Text C. 

The best form of Text B will be found in Father Thurston's 
edition ; Dom. Huber was at a disadvantage from the fact that the 



INTRODUCTION 283 

three MSS. to which he trusted, MSS. 9, 10 and i3, are not only 
inaccnrate, but are not independent. The two Chartres MSS. are 
copied from one another or from one archetype, and often have 
the same errors ; thus in chapter xxxii both omit the same six lines 
and make havoc of the sense. Again, MSS. 9 and 12 have some 
connexion, making the same error in the second line of chapter vi, 
and many other instances might be given. The result is that in 
many places, perhaps a hundred or more, no one of the three 
manuscripts gives the true reading; and Dom. Huber would have 
done better to print MS. 11, which gives Text C, and happens to be 
an accurate MS., although he had no other MS. to collate with it. 
Perhaps the readers should be warned that in Father Thurston's 
edition the collations which were supplied to the author by various 
friends are far from accurate. 

It must not be understood that when a reading is assigned to 
Text B or Text C, all the MSS. of that group have been ex^imined. 
A combination of MSS. 4, 5, and 1 1 is trusted to give Text C, 
while Text B is the reading that is found in MSS. i, 3, 6, 9, 10, 12, 
The other MSS, have not been given a closer examination than 
was necessary to show from the crucial passages to what group 
they belong. 



( 



THE VISION OF THE MONK OF 
EYNSHAM 

[PREFATIO] 

Incipit prefatio domini Adam prions de Aineshamma super uisione 
quam uidit Eadmundus monachus, bone indolis adolescens, frater 
ipsius, scilicet prions, & in professione filius, anno ab incaraacione 
domini mOcOxcvi<>. 

Usu notissimum habetur quod, diem terns sole post tenebras 5 
noctium reportante, paulatim umbranim densitas lumine succedente 
atteritur, donee pleno fulgore facies terrae \sic\ et renim foraie illu- 
strarentur, & sic uideri incipiant que uisum penitus latuerant; uisa 
eciam certa agnitione comprehendantur, que in luce dubia uideri 
utcunque, sed discerni non poterant cercius. Totus autem mundus 10 
inuoluitur tenebris, in aliis tanquam in profunda nocte caliginis, in 
aliis uelud in crepusculo dubie uidens. Aderit post hec ueri mani- 
festatio diei, cum scilicet in regno Patris eonim gaudebunt omnes 
electi, beata inmortalitate felices, solem iustitie perpetuo cementes. 
Aurora huius diei est resurrectionis uniuersorum & iudicii tempus, 15 
quo uere diuiditur lux a tenebris, iusti uidelicet ab impiis. Tunc nox 
in diem commutabitur, ut, qui modo fidei merito & deuocionis 

Preface. As the end of the world is probably at other monasteries, that one 
now approaching visions of the other who wished to enter the house was as- 
world are occnrring, as it were glimpses signed to the care of one of the brethren, 
ofthe coming dawn; they show the pains to be instmcted in the rule and the 
of those whohayenotrei>ented sufficiently customs of the place ; apparently he was 
in this world, and the joy of those who * pater in professione * to his pupil. We 
have. As for those in heaven, their state gather from the phrase in chap, vi, ' in 
is beyond the powers of tongue to de- sancto proposito dilectus,' that in some 
scribe. cases, perhaps alwajrs, there was a 

I. This heading is peculiar to A. lasting intimacy between 'father* and 

In the manuscripts the heading varies 'son\ 

slightly, but no other version mentions 5. Text C omits terris, 

that Adam was the author, that he was 7. Texts B and C read illustrentur ; 

prior of Eynsham, that he was brother of perhaps illustraretUur is an error of the 

Edmund, and his spiritual father. In scribe of A. 

MS. II it says that the vision occurred 10. Texts 6 and C read 'discerni cer- 

^inAnglia*, showing that this manuscript tins neqnibant*. There can be little 

was not written in England. doubt that the reading of A preceded the 

Adam was not prior when the vision reading in B and C. 

took place; see p. 258. \\,fundittis caligans^ for caliginis ^ 

3. It was the custom at Eynsham, and B, C. 



a86 VISION OF THE MONK OF EYNSHAM 

cognoscimur a deo, dum in eum credimus & turn non uidentes, 
iam cognoscamus eum sicut cogniti sumus ab eo, ipsom facie ad 

ao feciem contemplantes. Uti uero de die mundi premisimus, quod 
oculis iugiter cernimus, quia ipso iam iam terris imminente noctis 
umbra tenuatur & uicine lucis candor magis & magis aperitur, sic 
nimirum eteme uicinitas diei» mundi scilicet fine quasi obscurissime 
noctis termino instante, lucis sue gradam euidencius apeiire ubique 

35 pene terrarum cepit, et fiunt passim mire uite future reuelationes ; 
ut ea que patres per fidem cemebant in speculo & in enigmate, non 
manifesta quidem reuelatione, ab aliis quidem uideantur, & audita 
per illos qui uident ab aliis cercius agnoscantur; pluraque eciam huic 
seculo semper inaudita & quasi ab oculis in hac mortalitate degen- 

30 cium penitus oculta ipsis reuelationibus producuntur in lucem, & fiunt 
certa que dubia erant, & que prorsus latuerant clans uisibus ex- 
ponuntur. Legimus sane multas temporibus patrum de statu seculi 
uenturi factas reuelationes, &, ab ipsis Sanctis patribus successure 
posteritatis noticie stili benefitio transmissas. Legimus quoque non- 
35 nullas huiusmodi manifestationes, que nostris diebus et reuelate sunt 
diuersis, & per fideles excepte scriptoque mandate personas, quibus 
& fides non incertis roboretur argumentis, animetur spes, & caritas 
infiammetur ; maxime autem inicium sapientie, scilicet timor domini, 
adquiratur: cautela quoque augeatur, que in uite presentis lubrico 

40 gressum dirigit & a lapsu protegit tendencium ad patriam superne here- 
ditatis. Uidetur dominus secundum quod petiit ab Habraham diues in 
inferno sepultus, ut in omnibus & suis prospiciat amicis ad salutem 
& inimicis omnem auferat excusationem, non eo solo contentus quod 
Moysen & prophetas, apostolos etiam & uiros apostolica sancdtate 

45 illustres ad preparanda mortalium & excitanda torpentium corda 
seculo concessit, nisi eiiam ea que apud inferos sunt uiuentibus in 
hoc mundo innotescant, queque etiam in locis penalibus perferant, qui 
hie maculas peccaminum minus diluerunt, & quanta felicitate per- 
fruantur, qui labe uitiorum discussa, superni aditum regni in regione 

50 amenitatis & lucis, in loco quietis & suauitatis, beata prestolatione 
expectant De his enim que super celos sunt, ubi exultant iusti in 
conspectu dei, sicut multa & ineffabilia credere omnibus fidelibus 

18. eum for ium^ B, C; turn may the true reading of Text B, but is an error 

be an error, but it makes sense, being of the three manuscripts he followed, 
opposed to iam, 43. contentus esse, B; contentum esse, 

26. nunc manifesta, B, C, for non C. 
manifesta quidem, 50. expectatione prestolantur, B, C, 

28. uiderunt, B, C, for vident, for prest, exp, 
pleraque, B, C. 5a. MSS. i, 3, 4, 6, 11, la, add bona 

36. commendate, C. after itieffdbilia, but 9. 10, and 15 do 

40. tendentes, read by Huber, is not not. 



VISION OF THE MONK OF EYNSHAM 287 

ft plerisque contemplari permissum est; sic de ipsis aliquid pre 
excellentia rerum digne referre omni creature que in terns consistit 
inpossibile est. Igitur ut magnis uiris, quibus & sanctitatis merito 55 
& auctoritatis eorum priuilegio paruitas mea et condicionis ordine 
& deuDtionis affectu usquequaque addicta et obnoxia habetur, pro 
uiribus satisfatiam, qui illud honeris michi inperito ineuitabili pre- 
scriptu obedientie imponunt, quedam ualde preclara et ad tocius 
catholice matris ecclesie consolatio