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FABIAN SOCIETY 

65th ANNUAL REPORT 

For the Year Ending 31st March, 1948 

|>* GENERAL 

INTRODUCTION 

During the year 1947^8 the Fabian Society, like the British Government, 
found itself faced with an economic problem, both of money and of manpower, 
whose severity had not been anticipated. The last Annual Report showed a serious 
deficit over the year's working, and this deficit, instead of falling, continued to 
rise as prices and the cost of research generally increased. The Executive Committee 
was extremely unwilling to cut activity, if it could in any way be avoided, at a time 
when so much was being expected of the Society ; it therefore attempted to bridge 
the gap, first, in the summer, by a drive to get members to recruit among their 
friends. This produced only 123 new members, while at the same time there was 
apparent a tendency for the members recruited in 1945 and 1946, after the election 
victory, to drop away. Among pre-election membership the loss was less ; it may 
therefore be conjectured that, like other organisations, we received an influx of 
new members who expected to get through the Fabian Society something which 
it could not provide; in any event, the net result was not an adequate increase. 
Accordingly, in November a Special Meeting agreed to a drastic increase in the 
rates of subscription, which had remained unchanged since before the war; but, 
although it is too soon to see the exact effect of this, it appeared when making up 
a provisional budget, that the revenue may only be slightly increased, though running 
costs will decline if the number of members goes down. Meantime, a Revenue 
Campaign Council, consisting mainly of delegates appointed by Local Societies 
in Greater London, has been at work upon schemes for raising money to dispose 
of the overdraft, none of which have yet had time to come to fruition, overheads 
have been cut and various special appeals made to Local Societies and elsewhere, 
some of which have brought in money and others may yet. 

All this, however, finally proved insufficient to close the gap, and the Executive 
^.Committee has therefore with great regret, had to reduce staff in the Colonial 
^Bureau, Home Research and Central Office Departments, with consequential 
reduction in the amount of work done, which will be felt in the coming year. The 
Executive Committee wishes to express its deep gratitude to the Staff for their 
co-operation in this very distasteful process, and its conviction that an increase 
in salaries is a first priority for the employment of any new money obtained ; and 
further to render thanks to the members of the Revenue Campaign Council 
and officers of Local Societies for their efforts towards money-raising. As will 
be seen from the following pages, the year has been one of full work for all Depart- 
ments of the Society, and if the example of the money-raisers were followed by 
others, the reduction of staff and activity would not be for long. As it is, however, 
we must regretfully record that the last few years have been a period of over- 
optimistic expansion of activity in all directions, which has now turned out to be 
too much for the resources to sustain ; and the Annual General Meeting must face 
the facts. 

MEMBERSHIP 

Previous figures for Associate Members were inaccurate, and for purposes 
of comparison between 1948 and 1947 the figures for Full and Associate members 
should be added together. 



2 










FABIAN 


SOCIETY 




Membership Figures 


at 31 March 




Net 










Gains 


Losses 


Change 






1948 


1947 


1947-48 


1947^18 


1947-48 


Full Members 
Associates 




3641 

384 


3373 1 
1124/ 


607 


1079 


- 472 


Students — Members 
Associates 




1411 
15/ 


178 


75 


97 


- 22 






4181 


4675 


682 


1176 


- 494 


British Fabian Societies . . 


131 


126 


15 


10 


+ 5 


Fabian Societies Overseas. . 


7 


5 


3 


1 


+ 2 


DLPs, TUs, Co-ops, 


etc. 


95 


104 


9 


18 


- 9 


Libraries and Miscellaneous 












Subscribing Bodies 




78 


63 


17 


2 


+ 15 






311 


298 


44 


31 


+ 13 



Paid up Membership of 
British Local Societies 
excluding National 

Members . . . . 3933 



3427 (Figures not available) + 506 



Colonial Bureau 
International Bureau 



434 

244 



501 
339 



128 
31 



195 
116 



67 

85 



HEAD OFFICE 



OFFICERS AND EXECUTD7E 

Members elected (in the order of the ballot): Margaret Cole, H. J. Laski, 
A. Skeffington, M P, Lord Faringdon, J. Parker, M P, M. Young, N. Barou, 
H. D. Hughes, M P, E. F. M. Durbin, M P, D. P. T. Jay, M P, J. Strachey, MP,* 
W. A. Robson,* A. Lewis,* B. Monck. 

Members co-opted : M. Abrams, J. Callaghan, M P, J. Diamond, M P, 
L. Gossman, J. C. Gray,** W. A. Flanders, F. Horrabin, Eirene Jones,*** Margaret 
Room, R. M. M. Stewart, M P,* L. Woolf. 
* Resigned during the year. 
** Resigned on going abroad and was co-opted again on return. 
*** Became Mrs Eirene White. 

Officers : The E.C. re-elected H. J. Laski Chairman, J. Parker, M P, Vice- 
chairman, and Margaret Cole Honorary Secretary. I. Mikardo, M P, was elected 
Honorary Treasurer at the Annual Ballot. 

Committees: Members of Committees appointed by the E.C. are listed in 
Appendix ' A '. 



STAFF 

We were sorry to lose the services of H. W. Bardsley, who had been Accountant 
for five years, and Stuart Scott, Chief Clerk. Roy Harris was appointed Accountant 
and Jeffery Turnell promoted Chief Clerk. Graham Martin has returned from 
the Navy to fill his old place as Manager of the Bookshop. There have been other 
changes among the clerical and junior workers, leaving us with a total staff at 
31 March, 1948, of 24 full-time and 3 part-time workers. 



DELEGATES, ETC. 

A. W. Filson at Labour Party Annual Conference. 
A. Skeffington, M P, on London Labour Party Executive Committee. 
Mrs L'Estrange Malone on Standing Joint Committee of Working Women's^ 
Organisations. 



65th annual report 5 

MEMBERS' MEETINGS 

ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING 

The 64th Annual General Meeting was held in the Conway Hall on 28 June. 
1947, with some 180 members present. The Annual Report, the Accounts and 
a Statement of the Society's Research Programme were adopted. Thanks were 
accorded to the Auditors, Messrs Pegg, Robertson, Antrobus and Co., who were 
re-appointed. The following Resolution on the aims of the Society was passed : — 

" This Annual General Meeting endorses the following statement of the aims 
of the Society. 

" The principle aim of the Fabian Society should be to influence, stimulate, 
and instruct the vanguard of the Socialist movement rather than to engage directly 
in mass activities. For this purpose the rdle of the Society is primarily to conduct 
research, to assemble and interpret significant facts, to serve as a forum of discussion 
at a relatively advanced level, to maintain a continuous intellectual initiative in 
the formation of constructive policies, and generally to act as a radiating centre 
for new ideas. The development of cadres in the Labour movement is an important 
aspect of this objective. The dissemination of ideas emerging from the parent 
Society's work among a wider public can be carried out to a considerable extent 
through the local Fabian Societies. 

" While the Society can usefully devote a limited amount of attention to writing 
memoranda for Labour Ministers and Members of Parliament, it should take care 
not to become absorbed with current affairs of immediate practical importance 
to the detriment of questions of future importance. The Society should resist the 
tendency to disperse its resources by attempting to cover too wide a field, and 
should concentrate on problems of major significance. The Society should welcome 
financial aid for its work from outside bodies or persons, but its work is unlikely to 
reach a high standard unless the subjects of investigation are chosen primarily 
with a view to the interests of the members taking part in them." 

MEMBERSHIP CAMPAIGN MEETING, ETC. 

On 27 September, 1947, a meeting of Society members was held in the Central 
Hall, Westminster to discuss plans for the Autumn Membership Campaign. Some 
40 members were present. A full report was printed in the November Fabian News. 

SPECIAL GENERAL MEETING 

On 22 November, 1947, a Special General Meeting, attended by 48 members, 
passed the following Resolution submitted by the Executive Committee: — 

" Resolution : That existing Rule 11 be deleted and the»following new Rule 11 
substituted : 

' Members are expected to subscribe annually to the funds of the Society 
in accordance with their means. The minimum annual subscription for members 
of the Society and for all subscribing bodies and associates shall be 20/-. A subscrip- 
k/ien of 20/- or more shall entitle the subscriber to receive a copy of Fabian News, 
'Fabian Quarterly, and all pamphlets priced 6d. or less issued by the Society, save 
such as are excluded by special decision of the Executive Committee. A subscription 
of 30/- or more shall entitle the subscriber to receive a copy of the above periodicals 
and all pamphlets priced 1/- or less, save such as are excluded by special decision 
of the Executive Committee. A subscription of 50/- or more shall entitle the 
subscriber to receive a copy of the above periodicals and all pamphlets priced 2/— 
or less, save such as are excluded by special decision of the Executive Committee. 
A subscription of 60/- shall in addition make the subscriber a member of the Colonial 
and International Bureaux, receiving all publications to which Bureau members 
are entitled. Student members of the W.E.A. and N.C.L.C., members of Labour 
Party Youth organisations, undergraduates and other full-time students, and 
members of the ranks of H.M. Forces, shall be allowed to become members for a 
period of up to three years from the date of their first joining for an annual sub- 
scription of 10/-, for which they shall receive the above periodicals and such a 
limited number of pamphlets as the Executive Committee shall decide. The 
Executive Committee shall have power to strike off the books any member who, 
after notice, fails to pay his subscription.' " 

The new Rule 1 1 operated in respect of all subscriptions falling due on or 
after 1 January, 1948. 

A full report of the Meeting was printed in the January Fabian News. 



4 FABIAN SOCIETY 

SCHOOLS, CONFERENCES AND MEETINGS 

SUMMER SCHOOLS 

At Dartington there were two weeks, both of which were full. L. J. Callaghan, 
M P, and Mrs Dorothy Archibald acted as Directors, Miss Doreen Price and Miss 
Lyndal Evans as Manageresses. The lecturers included: — M. Abrams, A. J. 
Champion, M P, Lord Faringdon, A. W. Filson, C. E. M. Joad, C. P. G. Smith, 
M P, B. Stross, M P, S. Taylor, M P, Professor Brinley Thomas and M. Young. 

At Frensham Heights there were three weeks, the first two being nearly full 
and the third 70 per cent full. H. Jenkins, Miss Margaret Yates and Miss Margaret 
Room acted as Directors, Zena Parker and S. Scott as Manageresses. The lecturers 
included :— N. Barou, G. Bing, M P, F. Chappell, Mrs M. I. Cole, C. A. R. Crosland, 
Emil Davies, J. Diamond, M P, E. Durbin, M P, M. Edelman, M P, H. T. N. 
Gaitskell, M P, J. C. Gray, I. Mikardo, M P, Miss M. Nicholson, J. Parker, M P, 
A. Skeffington, MP. 

In Denmark a fortnight's Summer School of 60 persons was held at Hindsgavl, 
Middlefart on Funen, with a two-day stay in Copenhagen. H. D. Hughes, M P, 
was Director and Mrs Elizabeth Thomas Manageress. The lecturers included: — 
Alsing Andersen (Danish M P), Juul Andersen (Danish Co-operator), J. Barents 
(official of Dutch Social Democrat Party), T. Broch (Norwegian M P), A. J. 
Champion, M P, H. Hansen (Danish M P), Professor Schiller (Hamburg University) 
and Nils Thedin (Swedish Co-operator). 

NEW YEAR AND EASTER SCHOOLS 

The New Year's School was held at Pasture Wood, near Dorking, Surrey, 
on " Education ". The 80 places were all filled. The speakers were Dr Enid Appleby, 
F. Bray, H. D. Hughes, M P, Lady Simon of Wythenshawe, and A. L. M. Stephens. 

The Easter School was also held at Pasture Wood. There were 200 applicants 
for the 100 places. The subject was " The Economics of the Transition to Socialism " 
and the speakers were Dr N. Barou, D. W. T. Bruce, M P, F. Chappell, I. Mikardo, 
MP, B. T. Parkin, MP, Dudley Seers and Woodrow Wyatt, MP. 

WEEK-END CONFERENCES 

Week-end Conferences were held at the Beatrice Webb House, Pasture Wood, 
near Dorking, Surrey, on " A Brighter Britain " (December 1947) and " The New 
Approach to Empire Problems " (January 1948). Both were filled to capacity. 

Week-end Conferences, limited to about 30 invited guests, were held at Buscot 
Park by the courtesy of Lord Faringdon on " The Transfer of Power in Colonial 
Territories" (May 1947), "American-Soviet Relations" (June 1947), "Regional 
Organisation of Local Societies " (October 1947), " The Industrial Future of Great 
Britain" (November 1947), "International Economic Organisation" (December 
1947), " The Machinery of Government " (January 1948) and " British Government 
Public Relations Abroad" (February 1948). 

AUTUMN LECTURES 

These were held at the Conway Hall under the general title of " Road to^ 
Recovery". The programme was: — Douglas Jay, MP, "Plans and Priorities", 
Geoffrey Bing, M P, " Parliament and the People ", Harold Wilson, M P, " Paying 
Our Way Abroad ", Ian Mikardo, MP," Incentives in Industry ", R. H. S. Grossman, 
M P, " Foreign Affairs and Home Prosperity " and Harold J. Laski " Efficiency of 
Government". An average of 331 tickets was sold for each lecture. 

MEETINGS 

The Colonial Bureau arranged eight meetings and the International Bureau 
arranged three meetings and a one-day Conference : details of these are given in 
the Bureaux sections of this Report. 

The Tea Reception at the 1947 Labour Party Annual Conference was addressed 
by Sir Stafford Cripps, then President of the Board of Trade. 230 people were present. 

Three ' Fabian versus Tory Debates ' were held in January, February and 
March 1948:— "Can There Be Freedom Without Socialism?" M. Foot, MP, 
versus C. Hollis, MP;" Would A Tory Government Fail ? " L. Hale, M P, versus 
Brigadier A. R. W. Low, C B, D S O, M P ; "Is There A Better Food Policy Now ? " 
F. F. Peart, M P, versus Lt.-Col. the Hon. J. H. Hare, D S O, M P. An average 
of 170 tickets was sold for each debate. 

Five dances were held during the year. 



65th annual report > 

WOMEN'S GROUP 

The Group's Annual General Meeting was addressed by Margaret Herbison, 
MP on " The Work of a Back Bencher " and the following Discussion Meetings 
have been held during the year: "Part-Time Work for Women: Problems and 
Possibilities " (R. L. Webster), " Industrial and Social Problems of Germany 
(Margaret Stewart), " Food " (Charles Smith, M P). 

PUBLICATIONS 

The following pamphlets, booklets and books have been published during the 

year : — 

Pamphlets 

Colonial Controversy Series : 

4 Kenya Controversy Symposium 6d 
Research Series : 

118 Secondary Education for All by Joan Thompson 1/- 

119 America's Colonial Record by J. Collier 1/- 

120 Universities and the Future by Quintus 1/- 

121 Foreign Policy by Leonard Woolf and W. N. Ewer 2/- 

122 Labour Movements in Latin America by Robert J. Alexander 1/6 

123 Lords and Commons by F. M. Hardie and R. S. W. Pollard 2/- 
Soeialism Today and Tomorrow Series : 

2 Trade Onions in a Labour Britain by J. B. Jefferys 6d 

3 Towards a Classless Society by H. D. Hughes, M P (3d 

4 What is a Socialised Industry I by Michael Young 6d 

Tracts : 

190 Metropolitan Borough Councils by J. E. MacColl (revision) 6d 

258 The Fabian Society Past and Present by G. D. H Cole (revision) 6d 

Booklets 

Czechoslovakia : A Study in Reconstruction by J. Callaghan, M P, S. Grant- 
Duff, H. D. Hughes, M P, C. Johnson, J. Parker, M P, Michael Young 
2/6 

The Reform of the Higher Civil Service Group 2/6 

Books 

Co-operative Movement in I^abour Britain X. Barou (editor) 7/6 

Journals 

Fabian Quarterly (four issues) 1/— each 
Empire (twelve issues) 6d each 
Fabian News (eleven issues) 2d each 

BOOKSHOP 

k Sales have increased considerably during the past year particularly in the 
^Christmas and Spring quarters. Total sales amounted to £3,424 compared with 

£3,092 the previous year. Rather less than a third of these were Fabian Publications. 

After considerable changes of staff Graham Martin has now returned from the 

Forces to take over his old post as Bookshop Manager. 

VOLUNTARY ASSISTANCE 

We are grateful to the following members and others who have helped us during 
the year with typing and general assistance either at their homes or in the office 
and with reports of conferences: Daphne Barnes, Eva Brooks, Kathleen Cox, 
R. W. Dallas, Betty Evans, H. R. George, Hilda Habgood, Lilian Hennion. 
Meg Herron, Margaret Hine, Ethel Hobson, Lily Hogg, A. Holzer, Glinys Jones, 
Betty Minister, Ruth Pelle, E. L. Roussett, Hildegard Smith, Kathleen Smythe, 
Kathleen Stornell, Frances Turnell, Esther Wells and T. Williams. 

OBITUARY 

Following the death of Sidney Webb the Special General Meeting of 22 November, 
1947, agreed to the following resolution: 

" This Special Meeting of the Fabian Society places on record the debt it owes 
to Sidney Webb, one of the outstanding exponents of Fabian Socialism, who 



6 FABIAN SOCIETY 

rendered supreme service to the Socialist cause throughout the democratic world. 
It pledges itself to honour his memory by developing the ideas he himself did so 
much to initiate." 

The Labour Party arranged a Memorial Meeting in Kingsway Hall when the 
Chairman of the Society was one of the speakers. 

We also learnt with great regret of the deaths of Susan Lawrence, who had 
served on the Executive Committee and had for many years been a leading member 
of the Society, and of Lord Sankey, Chairman of the Sankey Coal Commission, 
who had been a member of the Society for many years. 

Appreciations of Sidney Webb and Susan Lawrence appeared in the Fabian 
News and the Fabian Quarterly. 

HOME RESEARCH 
GENERAL 

The Department's main work is done through three Research Committees — 
the Economic and Industrial Committee (Chairman, E. F. M. Durbin, M P), the 
Political and Local Government Committee (Chairman, Professor W. A. Robson), 
and the Social Research Committee (Chairman, H. D. Hughes, M P). The last- 
named was set up in June to co-ordinate the increasing amount of work being done 
in this field. The Department also serves the Publications Committee (Chairman, 
J. Parker, M P) which handles all books and pamphlets approved for publication. 

In addition the Department has continued to answer questions from members 
and others. In most cases, owing to pressure of work, it has proved possible only 
to suggest the best sources for the information required. 

The filing of the Membership Questionnaires has been re-organised during 
the year, with a view to making it easier to find members who are qualified to help 
the Society on special subjects. 

The Department remains in charge of the library and keeps files of various 
journals. 

PUBLICATIONS 

During the year the Department has published the following pamphlets: 
Secondary Education for All (Joan Thompson), Trade Unions in a Labour Britain 
(J. B. Jefferys), Reform of the Higher Civil Service (Group), Metropolitan Borough 
Councils (J. E. MacColl), Universities and the Future (" Quintus "), What is a Socialised 
Industry ? (M. Young) and Lords and Commons (H. R. G. Greaves, H. J. Laski 
and R. S. W. Pollard). Metropolitan Borough Councils is a radical revision of the 
well-known older pamphlet on the subject. 

The Department has also sent to the press a revised third edition of Social 
Security (Ed. Professor Robson), a new edition of Fabian Essays in Socialism 
containing a new chapter by Bernard Shaw, and The Road to Recovery (Fabian 
Autumn Lectures, 1947). I 

The regular work of preparing and publishing Fabian Quarterly has continued. 
Recent articles have dealt with Industrial Relations, Housing, The Reform of Local 
Government, Bulk Purchase, The United Nations, Films and Foreign Policy. 

The Department has collaborated most successfully with the Association of 
Supervisory Staffs, Executives and Technicians in the production of a pamphlet 
on Management by Consent. 

CONFERENCES 

Conferences have been held at Buscot Park on Britain's Industrial Future 
(November, 1947; speakers: Professor J. D. Bernal, F R S, Professor S. J. Davies, 
E. F. M. Durbin, M P, Professor T. H. Marshall, Professor M. Postan, Dr R. L. M. 
Synge, Sir Robert Watson- Watt, F R S) and The Machinery of Government (January, 
1948; speakers: D. N. Chester, Ernest Davies, MP, E. F. M. Durbin, MP, 
Bosworth Monck, Professor W. A. Robson, Barnet Stross, M P). 

The Department also prepared the programme of the conference on A Brighter 
Britain (December, 1947; speakers: Arthur Blenkinsop, MP, Mary C. Glasgow, 
Anthony Greenwood, M P, H. D. Hughes, M P, Carol Johnson, Charles Madge, 
A. T. S. McGhie, Tom Stephenson, Joan Thompson, L C C). 



65th annual report 7 

COLONIAL BUREAU 

The year 1947 saw events of great importance in the Imperial sphere, with the 
achievement of independence by India, Pakistan, Burma and Ceylon; the first 
steps towards the federation of the West Indies ; and the launching of large-scale 
plans for economic development. In the light of these spectacular advances, a 
certain re-orientation was necessary in the Bureau's work. We still try to keep 
a vigilant eye on the details of administration wherever this is still in British hands, 
and to press continuously for further reforms. But at the same time a new function 
opens up — the forging of links of understanding with the progressive forces in 
the newly-independent territories or in those advancing towards self-government. 
This has involved the Bureau in the organisation of many more meetings and 
conferences than formerly, and a great deal of time has been spent by the Secretary 
and Assistant Secretary in meeting friends from the Colonies and addressing meetings. 

PUBLICATIONS AND RESEARCH 

Empire, the twelve-page journal of the Bureau, has been appearing regularly each 
month. Its circulation is now about 2,500, and it is widely quoted, particularly abroad. 

Two pamphlets were published during the year. One — in the Controversy 
Series — was Kenya Controversy, putting the points of view of each of the com- 
munities in Kenya. The second, America's Colonial Record, was in the Research 
Series and written by John Collier, President of the Institute of Ethnic Affairs in 
Washington. The book on Local Government and the Colonies was completed and 
negotiations are now taking place with publishers. 

POLITICAL ACTION 

Parliamentary work has continued as before. Close contact has been maintained 
with Members of Parliament specialising in colonial affairs, with the Colonies 
Sub-Committee of the Parliamentary Labour Party and with the Imperial Advisory 
Committee of the Labour Party. The subjects to which the Bureau has drawn the 
attention of Parliament are numerous and cover a very broad field. 

Communication with Government Departments — some dozens of letters have 
been sent to the Colonial Office on different subjects during the year — continued. 
Subjects dealt with included reforms to the Nigerian Constitution, the implementation 
of the mining policy, consumers' co-operation, conditions in Kenya, Fourah Bay 
College, the University of Hong Kong, conditions among railway workers in 
Mauritius. A deputation from the Bureau met the head of the Africa Department 
of the Colonial Office to discuss education in Kenya. 

CONFERENCES AND MEETINGS 

Two week-end Conferences were held, the first in May 1947 on The Transfer of 
Power in the Colonies at Buscot Park, 30 attending ; the second at Pasture Wood, in 
January 1948, on The New Approach to Empire Problems, which was addressed by: 
Aidan Crawley, M P, Professor S. Frankel, Daw Saw Yin, P. L. U. Cross, Dr Wellesley 
Cole and Dr Audrey Richards. The attendance was 100. 

A tea meeting on Burma Todav was held in June 1947 (Speaker: D. R. Rees- 
Wiliiams, MP; 50 tickets sold). 

A series of meetings was held at Caxton Hall (September 1947 — March 1948) 
with an average sale of 100 tickets per meeting. The subjects were: — That this 
House supports the Colonial Policy of the Labour Government (Speakers: Ivor 
Thomas, MP, and F. J. Erroll, MP); That Non- African Settlers in East Africa 
should be induced to emigrate, leaving the country for the Native inhabitants (Speakers : 
Leonard Barnes and Leo Silberman) ; Independence for West Africa Now ? (Speakers : 
R. Sorensen, M P, and Dr S. Segal, M P) ; That this Government should introduce 
legislation in Britain and in the Colonies declaring Colour discrimination illegal 
(Speakers : D. N. Pritt, M P, and F. Skinnard, M P) ; Why have we not yet conquered 
illiteracy in the Colonies ? (Speakers : Rev R. W. Stopford and Rev R. R. Young) ; 
British Policy and Colonial Reactions (Speakers : Lord Faringdon, F. A. Ogunsheye, 
J. M. Ojal and Dr David Pitt). 

ADVISORY COMMITTEE AND MEMBERSHIP 

Three members of the Advisory Committee — Dr Arthur Lewis, Dr Wellesley 
Cole, Lord Faringdon, and the Secretary of the Bureau, Dr Rita Hinden, have been 
appointed as members of the new Colonial Development Council. 



8 FABIAN SOCIETY 

The special membership of the Bureau — which stood at 500 at the end of March 
1947 has fallen to about 450, apparently as a result of the steep increase in the 
subscription which became necessary during the year. There are in addition some 
1,200 members of the Fabian Society who are also members of the Colonial Bureau. 

INTERNATIONAL BUREAU 

In accordance with the decision reported in last year's annual report, the 
Bureau has concentrated on research in international subjects of special interest 
to the Labour Movement. It was felt, however, that more meetings and conferences 
should be organised than had been possible in the past due to shortage of staff. 
In August 1947 Mildred Bamford offered to undertake responsibility for this side 
of the work voluntarily, and her offer was accepted with gratitude. 

RESEARCH 

The following pamphlets have been published during the year :— Czecho- 
slovakia : Six Studies in Reconstruction (Group) ; Foreign Policy : the Labour 
Party's Dilemma by Leonard Woolf, with a critical comment by W. N. Ewer; and 
Labour Movements in Latin America by R. J. Alexander. 

CONFERENCES, MEETINGS, SCHOOLS AND RECEPTIONS 

American-Soviet Relations: A Conference was held at Buscot Park in June 
1947 (Speakers: A. J. P. Taylor, Arthur Newell, Anne Whyte, S. Rolbant, Doreen 
Warriner and W. N. Ewer, with Lord Faringdon in the Chair). 

International Economic Organisation : A Conference was held at Buscot Park 
in December 1947 (Speakers: R. G. Hawtrey, T. Balogh, R. Grierson, K. Mandel- 
baum, Beatrice Lawrence and M. Edelman, M P). 

School for Polish Socialists : Twelve members of the Polish Socialist Party 
(P P S) spent a fortnight here in July to study the achievements and intentions of 
the British Labour Government. The first week was spent at Buscot Park by kind 
invitation of Lord Faringdon, where a comprehensive programme of lectures was 
arranged, and the second week in London, where visits were made to the House 
of Commons, County Hall, etc. It was hoped that this School would be the first 
of a series held for continental Socialist parties, but various difficulties have prevented 
the Austrian and Hungarian Socialist Parties, to whom invitations were sent during 
the year, from accepting. Meetings have been held on Germany (Professor Friedman, 
A. Bramall, M P, M. Edelman, M P ; 61 tickets sold) ; Towards European Reconstruc- 
tion in Germany, Poland, Austria and Hungary (H. N. Brailsford, Kingsley Martin, 
Doreen Warriner and R. H. S. Crossman, MP; 169 tickets sold); Foreign Policy : 
the Labour Party's Dilemma (a discussion on Leonard Woolf's pamphlet with 
R. H. S. Crossman, M P, A. M. Crawley, M P, K. Zilliacus, M P, and Harold 
Laski (Chairman) ; 445 tickets sold) ; and Germany again (Austen Albu; 62 tickets 
sold). 

A Reception for the delegates to the March meeting of the Committee of 
International Socialist Conferences was held, and 51 guests were received by the 
Rt Hon Hector McNeil, M P, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs. 

EUROPEAN SOCIALIST PRESS GROUP 

A group of about fifteen representatives of the European Socialist Press, with 
a combined circulation of over six millions, was formed in August 1947. The 
purpose of the Group is to obtain background information by discussion with 
experts, and to form a closer liaison with the British Labour Movement and British 
Socialist Journals. Discussions have been held on the Colonies, the Dollar Crisis, 
Transport, and a week-end conference on the British Government's Public Relations 
was held at Buscot Park in February. Regular weekly meetings take place with 
Socialist Journalist M Ps. 

INDIAN AFFAIRS GROUP 

The Indian Affairs Group was disbanded in June 1947, and its members were 
invited to join the International Bureau. Three meetings were held in conjunction 
with the Indian Affairs Group of the Parliamentary Labour Party. The speakers 
were Sudhir Ghosh, Public Relations Officer of the Government of India, on 
" Current Indian Affairs ", and " The Division of India ", and Achyut Patwardhan, 



65th annual report 9 

Joint Secretary of the Socialist Party of India, on " The Prospects of Socialism 
in India ". 

MEMBERSHIP AND SUBSCRIPTION RATES 

The minimum subscription was increased on 1 January, 1948, from 7/6 to 15/-, 
in accordance with the decision of the Executive Committee that all subscriptions 
should be raised to meet higher costs. The result of this increase has been a sharp 
drop in the membership of the Bureau. There are now 244 members, compared with 
339 last year. In addition, there are 1200 members of the main Society who have 
opted to belong to the Bureau. 

LOCAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIALIST PROPAGANDA COMMITTEE 

REGIONAL ORGANISATION 

The year has seen a further strengthening of Regional and Area organisation. 
At the beginning of 1947 there were six Regional Committees, in Scotland, Yorkshire, 
South Wales, West Midlands, Northern England, and Lancashire and Cheshire, 
and an Area Committee had been formed for Hampshire and Dorset. Early in 
the year a London Regional Committee was formed, and an Area Committee for 
Middlesex. The former Bath Area Committee was revived in May and was later 
expanded to cover the whole South West Region. The L.S.C also arranged meetings 
which led to the formation of Area Committees in Kent, Essex and Surrey. The 
newer Committees are at present in the initial stages ; some time is required for the 
firm establishment of a Regional or Area Committee. 

In October 1947 a delegate Conference was held at Buscot Park for the purpose 
of bringing together representatives of all the Regions and Areas to discuss the 
work and organisation of local societies. The four sessions were taken by Stephen 
Swingler, M P, James Johnson (West Midlands Regional Secretary), Gwyneth 
Morgan (South Wales Regional Secretary), and Mary Stewart (City of London 
Secretary) : Arthur Skeffington, M P, was Director. Every Regional and Area 
Committee was represented and there were delegates from 24 societies as well. 
The Conference was extremely successful, particularly in encouraging Regional 
officers to regard themselves as members of a national team of organisers. The 
Committee hopes to arrange annually, in October, a similar delegate conference 
on a national basis. 

Our thanks are due to the Regional and Area officials for their hard and 
conscientious work, often in the face of much difficulty and discouragement. For 
example, the Secretary of the Lancashire and Cheshire Regional Committee has 
made a point of keeping in close contact with all the societies in the Region by 
personal visits. 

STATISTICS 

| The total number of societies at the time of going to press is 131, compared 
with 126 last year. 15 societies have actually been formed during the year, but 
ten have ceased to hold meetings. In seven cases meetings may be resumed at a 
later date; three societies have combined with neighbouring groups for the time 
being. Ten societies are in course of formation. (See p. 2 of Annual Report 
for details.) 

The individual membership upon which affiliation fees have been paid up to 
March of this year is 3,932, compared with 3,427 last year, but this does not include 
national members who are also local society members. 

FINANCIAL APPEALS 

Early in the year the Local Societies Committee made an appeal to secretaries 
of local societies for financial assistance, and in December a further special appeal 
was made, this time for assistance in clearing the overdraft of the national society. 
Local societies have made a most generous response to these appeals and a total 
of £214 Is 9d has already been received, plus £27 7s Od which has been carried 
forward to 1948-49. Definite promises of help can be expected to bring this total 
to over £300, and it should be emphasised that it is no mean achievement to have 
raised or contracted to raise such an amount, when most societies have their own 
financial difficulties. 



JO FABIAN SOCIETY 

ACTIVITIES 

Regional and Area Committees have concentrated on day schools and week-end 
conferences. The main activity of the individual societies has been their meetings, 
of which some 180 are held each month. Several societies have held Brains Trusts 
and some have provided this service for other organisations. Others have arranged 
Conferences, many of them designed to interest Trade Unionists in the work of 
the Society. 

An increasing amount of interest has been shown in research work to help 
the local Labour Movement and there is considerable scope for expansion in this 
field. We need more people in various parts of the country, who would be prepared 
to advise and guide. At present the most successful continuing work has been 
done in South Wales, where Walter Birmingham, a lecturer at the University, has 
been acting as Research Secretary. 

WORK OF THE DEPARTMENT 

The department has produced two Speakers' Panels, one of M Ps, which has 
been sent to Regional and Area Secretaries, and one of local speakers, which has 
been sent to all secretaries of local societies. These have proved to be very helpful 
and Regions have now started to build up their own lists of suitable speakers. In 
addition, numerous meetings have been arranged for outside organisations, and 
the department has provided an average of 300 speakers during the year. Several 
Directives to local societies have also been issued. 

The L.S.C has given much consideration to the problem of effecting closer 
liaison between national members and local societies, and a scheme has now been 
put into operation which it is hoped will establish and maintain contact in every 
case. 

HELP GIVEN BY COMMITTEE MEMBERS 

Members of the Local Societies Committee have been very generous in the 
time they have given to visiting local societies. We should like to thank all these 
and all officers connected with local societies for their co-operation and helpfulness. 

CONCLUSION 

This record is one of successful and interesting work, tempered, however, by 
the cold facts of the financial position set out in the opening paragraphs. It is 
inescapably true that, partly owing to rising costs and partly to the increasing burdens 
both in money and in time borne by those who make up the potential membership 
of the Society and its personnel paid and unpaid — under a Labour Government the 
demands made by socialised industry and other Government services upon people 
of a Fabian type are extremely heavy — last year's scale of activities cannot be 
maintained. 

At the same time, the need for Socialist thought, Socialist fact-finding and 
the training of Socialist leaders is as clamant as ever it was — more so, indeed, since 
the experience of three years of power has both thrown up problems previously | 
unsuspected and disclosed dangerous gaps in Socialist thinking. This situation 
throws a heavy responsibility upon the Fabian Society, upon its officers, its local 
Societies, and its membership at large. But if the coat of our work is to be cut 
according to the actual cloth and the nagging uncertainty about finance with its 
evil effects removed, the Society must make up its mind where its efforts should 
be concentrated and translate into specific terms the general resolution passed last 
year and quoted above. Opportunity for full discussion will be given at the Annual 
General Meeting; here we are only concerned to draw members' attention to the 
problem and the need for a realistic solution of it, if the effectiveness and influence 
of the Society is to be maintained.. 

Harold J. Laski {Chairman) John Parker {Vice-Chair man) 

Ian Mikardo {Hon. Treasurer) Margaret Cole {Hon. Secretary) 

A. W. Filson {General Secretary) 
Mark Abrams Allan Flanders Bosworth Monck 

N. Barou L. A. Gossman Margaret Room 

James Callaghan J. C. Gray Arthur Skeffington 

John Diamond Frank Horrabin Eirene White 

E. F. M. Durbin Douglas Jay Leonard Woolf 

Faringdon H. D. Hughes Michael Young 



<65th annual report 



11 



ADDRESSES OF FABIAN SOCIETIES 

HONORARY SECRETARIES OF REGIONAL AND AREA COMMITTEES 
OF LOCAL FABIAN SOCIETIES 



Scotland : Mr R. A. Raffan, 15, Belmont 

Street, Aberdeen. 
West Midlands : Mr Jarues Johnson, 

31, Westminster Road, Coventry. 
Northern : Miss Sybil Prinsky, 51, The 

Oval, West Hartlepool. 
Yorkshire : Miss Marjorie Brett, 11, 

Helmsley Drive, Leeds, 6. 
Wales : Miss Gwyneth Morgan, J P, 

27, Morlais Street, Roath Park, 

Cardiff. 
^North West : Miss Muriel Winstanley, 
I Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 
" The University, Manchester. 
South West : Mr G. R. Sargeant, 123, 

Wedlands, Taunton, Somerset. 



London : Mr Leonard James, 61, Prince's 

Square, W 2. 
Hants. & Dorset : Mr Cyril Speller, 

687, Wimborne Road, WLnton, 

Bournemouth. 
Surrey : Mr L. Hawkins, 43, Dorset 

Road, Merton Park, S W 19. 
Kent : Mr P. Mitchell, 19, Poplar Grove, 

Maidstone, Kent. 
Essex : Councillor Graham E. Jones, 

4, Maple Avenue, Braintree, Essex. 
Middlesex : Miss Joyce Worley, 23, 

Linkenholt Mansions, Stamford 

Brook, W6. 



REPORT OF THE HON. TREASURER. 

Reference has been made in the Executive Report to the Society's financial situa- 
tion and the steps which have been taken during the past year to deal with it. These 
measures have been, and are being, pursued vigorously, but the process of bringing 
the Society back to a sound financial position must be undertaken gradually (within 
the limit of the reserves available) if retrenchment is to be achieved without serious 
permanent damage to the Society's structure and its activities. It is this gradualness 
which accounts for our having operated, with set purpose, at a loss during the last 
financial year, and which may even induce us to operate at a loss again (though a much 
smaller one) during the current year. 

A new system of budgetary control which has been instituted for the current year 
designed to ensure that the Society's programme of work can be kept closely and 
bontinuously under review in relation to its income and expenditure. This has neces- 
sitated changes in the form of presenting the accounts, which were in any case due for 
revision for other reasons. One effect of this to which I wish to draw attention is that 
the value of free issues to members has been separated out from the bookshop account 
so that the latter will now show its real gross profit or loss. 

My own share of this task has been greatly lightened by invaluable assistance given 
to me, in the reorganisation of the Society's accounting and administrative methods, 
by L. A. Gossman of the Executive Committee and the Society's new accountant, 
Roy Harris. 



11th May, 1948. 



IAN MIKARDO. 



12 



FABIAN SOCIETY 

BALANCE SHEET AS 





LIABILITIES 














1947 




£ 


s. 


d. 


£ 


8. 


ii. 


2.500 


Bernard Shaw Fund 








2,500 








1.000 


Edwards Bequest Fund 








1,000 





(1 


662 


Staff Savings Reserve 








494 


n 


1 


11 


Scholarship Fund 








18 


19 





— 


L.S.C. Development Fund 








38 





7 


— 


Women's Group Fund 
Sundry Creditors : 








31 


10 


2 


975 


Trade 


856 


16 


5 








259 


For Expenses Accrued 


254 


13 


9 








1,259 


Bank Overdraft 


2,339 


15 


3 








— 


Sundries 


161 


1 


2 









£6,666 



£7,694 16 5 



We have examined the accounts of the Fabian Society for the year ended 
and explanations we have required. We certify that the Balance Sheet above set 
Society's affairs, according to the best of our information and the explanations given 

PEGG, ROBERTSON, ANTROBUS & CO. 

Chartered Accountants, Auditors. 

REVENUE ACCOUNT AS 



1947 



6,643 



450 

359 

912 
204 
802 



894 



611 



96 



EXPENDITURE 

To Administrative Expenses : 
Salaries and Allowances 
State Insurance 
Pensions 

Travel and Entertainment . . 
General Office Expenses 
Grants and Subscriptions Payable 
General Stationery 
Telephone 
Postages 

„ Establishment Expenses : 

Rent, Rates, Light, Heat, etc. 

Maintenance 

Repairs 

,, Free Issues to Members : 
Pamphlets 
Fabian Quarterly and Fabian Netvs 

,, Other Expenses : 

Interest on Overdraft 
Affiliation Fees 
Royalties 
Miscellaneous 



s. d. 



s. d. 



713 „ Expenses of Membership Drive 
£11,684 



7.523 


11 


4 






156 


3 


1 






440 












60 


19 


1 






487 


9 


4 


.^M. 




75 


18 


5 


m 


► 


1,487 





6 


W 




286 


7 


9 






782 


3 





11,299 12 


6 


456 


19 


7 


225 


5 


1 






65 


16 


2 


748 


10 


893 


3 





609 


19 


2 


1,503 2 


2 








78 


11 


1 






79 


15 









41 


10 


9 






35 


14 


8 


235 11 


6 


•• 




i 




:i3,786 7 






65th annual report 



13 



AT 31st MARCH, 1948 



ASSETS 



1947 




2,500 


Freehold Property 


1,652 


Investments . . 


125 


Furniture 


100 


Library 




Stocks in Hand : 


738 


Tracts, etc. 


200 


Stationery 




Sundry Debtors : 


148 


Trade 


506 


Bookshop 


287 


Sundries . . 


— 


Functions 



Less balances in band on uncompleted 
Functions 

183 Cash in Hand 

Revenue Account : 
227 Balance at 1st April, 1947 

Add Excess Expenditure over Income 
for year 



1,254 5 5 
200 



134 3 2 

320 6 3 

440 11 6 

454 5 6 

1,349 6 5 

300 19 



227 15 
1,394 4 



£ s. d. 

2,500 

749 9 7 

125 

85 



1,454 5 5 



1,048 7 5 
110 14 2 



£6,666 



1,621 19 10 
£7,694 16 5 



31st March, 1948, with the books and vouchers. We have obtained all the information 
forth is properly drawn up so as to exhibit a true and correct view of the state of the 
us and as shown by the Society's books. 

39, Cheapside, London, E.C.2. 

4th May, 1948. 



AT 31st 


MARCH, 1948 
















RECEIPTS 














1947 




£ 


s. 


d. 


£ 


s. 


d. 


6,502 


By Subscriptions 








6,189 


18 


2 


3,529 


„ Donations : 
















Special 


950 
















General 


2,070 


17 


10 










D.S.T 


1,280 














A 


L.S.C 


215 


11 


9 


4,516 


9 


7 










w 


,, Royalties 








255 


1 


9 




„ Advertising 








63 


13 


2 


328 


„ Bookshop 








330 


14 


1 


458 


„ Functions 

,, Other Reced?ts : 








987 


19 


6 


— ■ 


Interest on Investments 


16 


4 


9 








— 


Miscellaneous . . 


32 


1 


4 


48 


6 


1 


500 


„ Property Reserve Account 








367 


„ Balance, being Excess of Expenditure 
















over Income for the year . . 








1,394 


4 


8 



£11,684 



£13,786 7 



14 FABIAN SOCIETY 

APPENDIX A 
MEMBERS OF MAIN COMMITTEES 

FINANCE AND GENERAL PURPOSES COMMITTEE 

Ian Mikardo, M P, N. Baron, Margaret Cole, J. Diamond, M P, L. A. Gossman, 
H. D. Hughes, M P, Professor H. J. Laski, J. Parker, M P, A. Skeffington, M P. 

RESEARCH PLANNING COMMITTEE 

Professor H. J. Laski (Chairman), Dr N. Barou, Margaret Cole, E. P. M. Durbin, 
M P, Lord Faringdon, R. Goodman, H. D. Hughes, M P, J. Parker, M P, Leonard 
Woolf, Michael Young. 

ECONOMICS AND INDUSTRIAL COMMITTEE 

E. F. M. Durbin, M P (Chairman). J. Aplin, F. A. Cobb, M P, J. Diamond, M P, 
L. J. Edwards, M P, J. C. Gray, N. Kaldor,* D. P. T. Jay, M P, Professor W. A. 
Lewis,* D. G. MacRae, Ian Mikardo, M P, Bosworth Monck, C. P. G. Smith, M P,* 
Eirene White, G. D. N. Worswick. 

POLITICAL AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT COMMITTEE 

Professor W. A. Robson (Chairman), D. N. Chester, Lord Chorley, Margaret 
Cole, R. H. S. Crossman, M P, H. R. G. Greaves, F. M. Haraie, H. D. Hughes, M P, 
J. E. MacColl, Robert S. W. Pollard, Peter Self, W. T. Wells, M P, Michael Young. 

SOCIAL RESEARCH COMMITTEE 

H. D. Hughes, M P (Chairman), M. Abrams, Joan Clarke, Margaret Cole, 
J. C. Gray, A. T. S. McGhie, G. D. Millar,* Lady Simon, Barnett Stress, M P. 

COLONIAL BUREAU ADVISORY COMMITTEE 

J. F. Horrabin (Chairman), Leonard Barnes, H. N. Brailsford, Margaret Cole, 
Olive R. Cruchley, A. Dalgleish, Lord Faringdon, Dr M. Fortes, C. W. W. Greenidge, 
Professor J. Huxley, Professor W. A. Lewis, Earl of Listowel,* Dr K. Little, Col. 
D. R. Rees-Williams,* Dr Audrey Richards,* Professor T. S. Simey, F. W. Skinnard, 
M P, R. W. Sorensen, M P, Lyall Wilkes, M P, Leonard Woolf," Margaret Wrong. 

INTERNATIONAL BUREAU ADVISORY COMMITTEE 

Leonard Woolf (Chairman), Lord Faringdon and Doreen Warriner* (Vice- 
Chairmen), A. Albu, Mildred Bamford, H. N. Brailsford, L. J. Callaghan, M P,* 
Margaret Cole, R. H. S. Crossman, M P, Ernest Davies, M P, Maurice Edelman, 
M P, W. N. Ewer, W. Arnold Forster, Patrick Gordon -Walker, M P, Helen Grant, 
James Griffiths, M P, Denis Healey, Rita Hinden, John Hynd. M P, Professor 
H. J. Laski, J. Marrack,* T. E. M. McKitterick, Bosworth Monck,* W. N. Warbey, 
M P, Dorothy Woodman, K. Zilliacus, M P. 

LOCAL SOCIETIES COMMITTEE 

A. Skeffington, M P (Chairman), Dr N. Barou, Joan Bourne, Margaret Cole, 
J. C. Gray, H. D. Hughes, M P, H. Hynd, M P, J. P. M. Millar, Edith Moore, ' 
J. Pinkerton, J. W. Raisin, Ruby Seaton, S. Swingler, M P, R. Underbill. Regional 
and Area members: L. E. Woodhead (Yorkshire)*, A. Bothwell,* A. B.Matthewson, JP, 
L. James, A. Campbell (London), J. Johnson (West Midlands), Gwyneth Morgan, J P 
(Wales), M. Muir,* Muriel Winstanley (North West), Sybil Prinsky (Northern), 
R. A. Raffan (Scotland), Cyril Speller (Hampshire and Dorset), Joyce Worley,* 
A. Hughes (Middlesex), G. R. Sargeant (South West), L. Wharrad (Kent), 
Eve Saville (Essex), L. Hawkins (Surrey). 

SCHOOLS AND SOCIALS COMMITTEE 

Margaret Room (Chairman), Dorothy Archibald, J. D. M. Bell, G. R. Blanco- 
White, Margaret Cole, Lyndal Evans, H. D. Hughes, M P, Hugh Jenkins, I. Kraft, 
Joan Mineau, Gwyneth Morgan, D. Stark Murray, N. Pease, J. Parker, M P, Zena 
Parker, A. G. E. Smith, Margaret Yates. 

WOMEN'S GROUP EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

Leah L'Estrange Malone, L C C (Chairman), Molly Bolton, L C C, Margaret- 
Bowie, Margaret Cole, Ivy Davies, Beryl Hughes, Agnes Murray, Beatrice Pollard, 
Mary Sutherland, J P, Elizabeth Thomas, Joan Thompson, L C C, Dorothy Watson 
(Secretary). 

* Resigned during the year. 



65th annual report 



HONORARY SECRETARIES AND CONVENERS OF LOCAL FABIAN 
SOCIETIES AND GROUPS 



Aberdeen : Mr R. A. Raffan, 15, Belmont 

Street, Aberdeen. 
Ashford : Miss E. Skilling, 388, Hythe 

Road, Ashford, Kent. 
Barking : Mr E. A. Barnard, 111, Waker- 
ing Road, Barking, Essex. 

Barnet : Mr Desmond Ridler, 10, Nor- 
mandy Avenue, Barnet. 

Barnsley : Mr Harry Dancer, 9, Vernon 
Street North, Barnsley, Yorks. 

Barry : Mrs Lynn Thomas, 161, Porth 
Kerry Road, Barry, Glam. 

Bath : Mr Geoffrey D. J. Lewis, " Sunny- 
mead," Beechen Cliff Road, Bath. 
^YSWAter : Miss Peggy Kennedy, 
Porchester House Hotel, 9-13, Por- 
chester Terrace, W 2. 

Bedford : Mrs Mary Mettam, 55, Bush- 
mead Avenue, Bedford. 

Belfast : Mr. J. R. Baine, 11, College 
Square, North, Belfast. 

Birmingham : Mr E. F. P. Richards, 
63, Cole Bank Road, Hall Green, 
Birmingham. 

Bishops Stortford : Mr Scarff, 17, Park 
Lane, Bishops Stortford. 

Blackburn : Miss M. Winstanley, c/o 
Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 
The University, Manchester. 

Blaenavon : Mr T. Timothy, 5, Rifle 
Green, Blaenavon, Mon. 

Bolton : Mr W. R. Holtham, 8, Tenby 
Avenue, Bolton. 

Bootle : Mrs Dorothy Bennion, 7, 
Baucher Drive, Orrel, Bootle, Liver- 
pool. 

Bournemouth : Mr Cyril Speller, 687, 
Wimborne Road, Winton, Bourne- 
mouth. 

Bradford : Mr W. V. Titherington, 32, 
High House Avenue, Bolton, Brad- 
ford. 

Braintree : Mrs B. Ely, 71, Rayne Road, 
Braintree, Essex. 

Brighton : Mrs. Voller, 49, Southdown 

Avenue, Brighton. 

^^^stot, : Mis Marion Winter, 17. Devon 

^^V Grove, Devon Road, Bristol. 

TraOMLEY & Beckenham : Mr L. Wharrad, 

15, Burnt Ash Lane, Bromley, Kent. 

Bury (Lanes.) : Mr P. Newton, 36, 
St. Peter's Road, Bury, Lanes. 

Bury St. Edmunds : Mr. J. Joplin, 
29, West Road (South), Bury St. 
Edmunds. 

Canterbury : Mr F. J. Bowering, 3, 
Lower Bridge Street, Canterbury. 

Cardiff & South Wales : Miss G. 
Morgan, 27, Morlais Street, Roath 
Park, Cardiff. 

Central London : Mr Peter Pritchard, 
37, Gloucester Street, SW1. 

Cheadle : Mr Michael Arnold, 4, Kings 
Road, Cheadle Hulme, Cheshire. 

Chepstow : Mrs M. Collins, Moat House, 
Chepstow, Mon. 

Chesterfield : Mr D. Webster, Labour 
Party Office, 19, Broad Pavement, 
Chesterfield. 



City of Coventry Training College : 

Mr John Ryman, Wing PI, Room 8, 

City of Coventry Training College, 

Charter Avenue, Coventry. 
City of London: Mrs M. Stewart, 6, 

Amen Court, St. Paul's, E C 4. 
Colchester : Miss K. Lewis, 92, Roman 

Road, Colchester. 
Coventry : Mr James Johnson, 31, 

Westminster Road, Coventry. 
Crewe : Mr. Thomas Horton, 84, Gresty 

Road, Crewe. 
Crosby : Miss E. Murray, 32, College 

Road, Great Crosby, Liverpool, 23. 
Croydon : Mr R. Ditchfield, 16, Northway 

Road, Croydon. 
Darlington : "Miss Stewart, " Seaford," 

Thornfield Road, Darlington. 
Dartford : Mr. J. W. McGibbon, 23, 

Swaisland Road, Dartford. 
Derby : Mrs. B. Jacobson, 5, Carlton 

Road. Derby. 
Dublin University : Mr Roy Johnston, 

36, Trinity College, Dublin. 
Dudley : Mr I. Millar, 263, The Broad- 
way, Dudley, Worcs. 
Dulwich : Mrs Mary Palmer, 65, Alleyn 

Park, West Dulwich, S E 21. 
Dundee : Mr R. L. Holway, 4, Elgin 

Street, Dundee. 
Durham : Mr Ivan Geffen, " Oakdale 

House," West Lane, Chester-le- 

Street, Co. Durham. 
Ealing & District : Miss Joyce Worley, 

23, Linkenholt Mansions, Stamford 

Brook, W 6. 
Eastbourne : Miss Rhoda E. M. Fish, 

9, Burlington Place, Eastbourne. 
Edinburgh : Miss M. A. MacKenzie, 42,. 

Briarbank Terrace, Edinburgh, 11. 
Enfield : Mr T. W. Moore, 5, Radcliffe 

Avenue, Enfield. 
Epsom : Mr Arnold Marsh, 94, Manor 

Green Road, Epsom, Surrey. 
Exeter & District : Mr T. L. Baily, 

12, Wrentham Estate, Old Tiverton 

Road, Exeter. 
Forest Hill & Sydenham : Miss E. H. 

Lovell, 6, Lessing Street, S E 23. 
Frome : Mr G. S. Barnard, 19, Avenue 

Road," Frome, Somerset. 
Fulham & Hammersmith : Mr Eric Side, 

2, Amor Road, W 6. 
Glasgow : Mrs Audrey Grieve, 33, 

Melville Street. Glasgow, S 1. 
Gt. Yarmouth : Mr E. Everett, 6, Kent 

Square, Great Yarmouth. 
Greenock : Mr A. Finnie, 26, Mearns 

Street, Greenock. 
Greenwich : Mr T. E. Smith, 50, Glenluce 

Road, Blackheath, S E 3. 
Guildford : Mr P. Elstob, Netherseal. 

Peaselake, Surrey. 
Eampstead : Miss Audrey Williams, 

9-11, Belsize Grove, Hampstead, 

N W3. 
Harrow : 
Hartlepools : Miss Sybil Prinsky, 51, 

The Oval, West Hartlepool. 



J 6 



FABIAN SOCIETY 



Haslemere : Mrs Elizabeth Kahn- 
Freund, Roundabouts, Shottermill, 
Haslemere, Surrey. 
Highgate & Hornsey : Mrs M. Praser, 

33, Muswell Road, N 10. 
Holbeach : Mr Harold Goodwin. Hol- 

beach Hurn, Holbeach, Lines. 
Huddersfield : Miss E. Hobson, 1, 

Belmont Street, Huddersfield. 
Hull : Mr F. Weldon, 65, Pearson Park, 

Hull. 
Hyde : Mr D. A. Norwood, 26, Woodend 

Lane, Hyde. Cheshire. 
Ipswich : Mr 1). A. Longman, Gable 

House, Heath Road, Ipswich. 
Kensington : Mr A. M. Frowd, 15a, 

Cheniston Gardens, W 8. 
Kilmarnock : Miss N. Deans, 107, 

Irvine Road, Kilmarnock. 
King's Lynn : Miss Keith, 65, Goodwins 

Road, King's Lynn. 
Kingston-on-Thames : Alderman Dennis 
Gordon, 14, Matham Road, East 
Molesey, Surrey. 
Leamington : Mrs M. Pearman, 35, 

Bridge End, Warwick. 
Lee : Mr F. J. Webb, 86, Brookhill Road, 

SE 18. 
Leeds : Miss M. Brett, 11, Helmsley 

Drive, Leeds, 6. 
Leicester : Mr J. Knight, 112, Howard 

Road, Leicester. 
Leigh (Lanes.) : Mr Eric Whiteside, 16, 

Severn Street, Leigh, Lanes. 
Luton : Mrs G. M. Theodorson, 27, 

Kingsley Road, Luton. 
Maidstone : Mr A. J. Cane, 24, Kingsley 

Road, Maidstone. 
Manchester : Mr Ian Grant, 41, Glad- 
stone Grove, Heaton Moor, Stock- 
port. 
Merseyside : Mr F. A. Fitzpatrick, 580, 

Woodchurch Road, Birkenhead. 
Newport : Mr A. R. Snook, 23, Redland 

Street, Newport, Mon. 
Northampton : Miss D. Nutt, 25, 

Kingsley Road, Northampton. 
Norwood : Mr J. Cummins, 15, TJlver- 

stone Road, S E 27. 
Norwich : Mr E. F. Dean, 70, Brian 

Avenue, Norwich. 
Nottingham : Mrs M. Smith, 20, Festus 
Street, Woodborough Road, Notting- 
ham. 
Oxford : Miss V. R. Came, 62a, High 

Street, Oxford. 
Padiham : Mr A. Beardsworth, 6, St. 

John's Road, Padiham, Lanes. 
Paisley : Mr Thomas Barbour, 52, 

Kilnside Road, Paisley. 
Preston : Mr J. J. Somerville, 21, Ribbles- 

dale Place, Preston. 
Rhondda : Mr L. Tozer, 170, East Road, 

Tylorstown, Rhondda Valley. 
Richmond : Mr E. H. Price, 88, Sheen 

Park, Richmond, Surrey. 
Rochdale : Miss Henaghan, 61, Bell- 
field Mill Lane, Rochdale. 
Romford : Mrs M. Ward, 38, Kingston 

Road, Romford, Essex. 
Rugby : Mr I. C. Singer, 46, Clifton 

Road, Rugby. 
St. Helens : Mr Joseph Buchan, 142, 
Dentons Green Lane, St. Helens. 



St. Marylebone : Mr Bruno Ki.-wo, 

35, Engel Park, X W 7. 
Scarborough : Miss Dorothy Hill, 23, 

Moorland Road, Scarborough. 
Sheffield : Miss Ivy Evison, 220, Carter- 

knowle Road, Sheffield, 7. 
Slough : Mr C. E. Coleman, 3, Cran- 

bourne Terrace, Salt Hill, Slougli. 
Southampton : Mr J. Elson, 5, Kings- 
field Road, Southampton. 
South Somerset : Elizabeth Wallis, The 
Close, Norton-Sub-Hamdon. Somerset. 
Stafford : Mr R. N. Hopkins, 42, Baswich 

Lane, Stafford. 

Stratford-on-Avon : Mr H. F. Wilmut, 

32, Sanctus Road, Stratford-on-Avon. 

Streatham : Mrs Bernard Matthewson, 

13, Stec-p Hill, Streatham, S W 16 

Stretford : Mr T. Bishop, 19, PrinceL 

Avenue, Talbot Road, Old Trafford; 

Manchester, 16. 

Stlrlingshire : Mr George Robb, 95, 

Main Street, Larbert, Stirlingshire. 

Sunderland : Mr G. W. Gardiner, 5, 

Rydal Mount, Fulwell, Sunderland. 

Sutton : Mrs J. W. Vernon, 88, Benbill 

Wood Road, Sutton, Surrey. 
Swan age & District : Mr H. O. Coker, 

" Minterne," Park Road, Swanage. 
Swansea : Miss M. England, Labour 
Office, Elysium Buildings, High 
Street, Swansea. 
Tadworth : Mr W. G. Cash, Shepherds 

Crown, The Avenue, Tadworth. 
Teeside : Mr Robert H. Moses, 167, 

Durham Road, Stockton-on-Tees. 
Tenby : Miss M. G. Bowen, Corrymore, 

Serpentine Road, Tenby. 
Twickenham : Mr H. R. George, 20, 
Clonmel Road, Teddington, Middlesex. 
Tynesdie : Mr T. W. Brown, 8, The Drive, 

Denton Burn, Newcastle-on-Tyne. 
Wakefield : Mr Matthewson Anderson, 
16, Charles Avenue, Doncaster Road, 
Wakefield. 
Walsall : Mr John Wilkes, 242, Wal- 

stead Road, Walsall. 
Walthamstow : Miss Doreen E. Wvld, 
113, Orford Road, Walthamstow, E"l7 
Wandsworth & Battersea : Mr C. 
Carnie, 9, Okeover Manor, No 
Side, Clapham Common, S W 4 
Warrington : 
Watford : Mr Robert Plant, Top Flat, 
Old Highway Cottage, Berry Grove 
Lane, Aldenham, Nr. Watford. 
Wellington : Mr L. L. Kirkwood, 30, 
Leegomery, Hadley Park Road, Nr. 
Wellington, Shropshire. 
West Somerset : Mr G. R. Sargeant, 
123, Wedlands, Taunton, Somerset. 
Whitehaven : Miss S. Taylor, 40, South 
Row, Kells, Whitehaven, Cumber- 
land. 
Wigan : Mrs D. M. Lowe, 16, Lilac 
Avenue, Beech Hill, Wigan, Lanes. 
Willesden : Mr Glyn England, 11, 

Aylestone Avenue, N W 2. 
Wimbledon : Mr L. Hawkins, 43, 
Dorset Road, Merton Park, S W 19. 
Wolverhampton : Mr G. S. Wild, 70, 

Bath Road, Wolverhampton. 
York : Mr Jack Blitz, 129, Carr Lane, 
York. 



17. 



Printed by The Hereford Times Ltd., General Printing Works (T.U.), London and Hereford. L.4603.