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1 vj-t 



llarbarb College liferarp 


irs. Charles Batohelder 



"^ VV/ 



•r* AuntttK anil KtnttS'lSriilit Slluatratlons. 



|T. O. H. p. BURNHAM. 

NEW TOEK: O. S. FELT, 36 Walkib St. 

(^(K^ /O. C f 


I AUG 1 1959 

RIVIRSIDB, oambridok: 

So much has been already said concerning ^lop 
Bnd his writings, both by ancient aiiu modern au- 
tbors, that the subject seems to be quite exhausted. 
The different conjectures, opinions, traditions iind 
forgeties, wliich from time to time we have iiad 
given us of him, would fill a large volume; but 
they are, for the most part, so absurd and incon- 
sistent, that it would be but a dull amusement for 
the reader, to be led into such a maze of uncer- 
tainty! since Herodotus, the most ancient Greek 
historian did not flourish till near a hundred yean 

As for his life, with which we are entertained \n 
m> complete a manner, before most of the editions 
of his Fables, it was invented by one Majcimus 
Planudes, a Greek monk; and, if we may judge of 
him from that composition, just as Judicious and 
learned a person as the rest of his fraternity are 
at this day observed to be. Sure there nevei were 
so many blunders and childish dreams mixt up to- 
gether, ns are to be met with in the short compass 
of that piece. For a monk, he might be very good 
and wise; but in point of history and chronoli^y, 
ba shows himself to be very ignorant. He brings 
^M^ to Babylon, in the reign of king Lycerus, a 
king of his own making; for his name is not to be 

found in any catal(^ue, from Nabonassei to Alex- 
ander the Great; Nabonadeus most probably reign- 
ing in Babylon about that time. He sends him 
into Egypt in the days of Nactanebo, who waa not 
in being till two hundred years afterwards; with 
some other gross mistakes of that kind, which suf- 
fi<;tently show us that this life was a work of inven- 
tion, and that the inventor was a bunghng crea- 
ture. He never mentions jEsop^s being at Athens; 
though Phffidrus speaks of him as one that lived 
the greatest part of his time there; and it appears 
that he had a statue erected in that city to his me- 
mory, done by the hand of the famous Lysippus. 
He writes of him as living at Samos, and interest- 
ing himself in a public capacity in the administra- 
tion of the aifairs of that placq yet, takes not the 
least notice of the Fables which Aristotle* tells us 
he spoke in behalf of a famous Demagogue there, 
when he was impeached for embezzling the public 
money; nor does he indeed give us the least hint 
of such a circumstance. An ingenious man might 
have laid together all the materials of this kind 
that are to be found in good old authors, and by 
the help of a bright invention connected and work- 
ed them up with success, and we might have swal- 
lowed such an imposition well enough, because we 
should not have known how to contradict it; but 
in Planudes' case, the imposture is doulily discov- 
ered; first, as he has the unquestioned authority 
of antiquity against him; secondly, [and if the other 
did not condemn him,] as he has introduced the 
witty, discreet, judicious ^sop, quibbling in a 

' AiiBt Rhet Lib. 3. C ixi. 

rtratD of low monastic waggery, and as archly dull 
as a mountebank's jester. 

That there was a hfe of ^sop, either written or 
traditionary before Aristotle's time is pretty plain; 
and that there was something of that kind extant 
in Augustus' reign, is, I think, as undoubted; since 
Phsedrus mentions many transactions of his dur- 
ng his abode at Athens. But it is as certain, that 
Planudes met with nothing of this kind; or, at 
least, that he met not with the accounts with which 
they were furnished, because of the omissions be- 
fore mentioned: and consequently with none so 
authentic and good. He seems to have thrown 
together some merry conceits which occurred to 
him in the course of his reading, such as he thought 
were worthy of jEsop, and very confidently ob- 
trudes them upon us for his. But, when at last 
he brmgs him to Delphos (where he was put to 
death by being thrown down from a precipice,) 
that the Delphians might have some colour of jus- 
lice for what they intended to do, he favours them 
with the same stratagem which Joseph made use 
of to bring back his brother Benjamin; they clan- 
destinely convey a cup into his baggage, overtake 
him upon the road, after a strict search find him 
guilty; upon that pretence carry him back to the 
city, condemn and execute him. 

As 1 would neither impose upon others, nor be 
imposed upon. 1 cannot, as some have done, let 
nich stuir as this pass for the life of the great jEsop. 
PlaDudes has little authority for any thing he has 
delivered concerning him; nay, as far as I can find. 

his whole account, from the beginning to the end, 
is mere invention, excepting some few circumstan- 
ces, such as the place of his birth, and of his death; 
for in respect of the time in which he lived, he has 
blundered egregiously, by mentioning some inci- 
dents as contemporary with .lEsop, which were 
far enough from being so. Xanthus, his supposed 
master, put his wife into a passion by bringing such 
a piece of deformity into her house, as our author 
is described to be. Upon this, the master re- 
proaches his slave for not uttering something wit- 
ty, at a time that seemed to require it so much: 
and then £sop cornea out slap dash, with a saliri- 
cal reflection upon women, taken from Euripides 
the famous Greek tragedian. Now Euripides hap- 
pened not to be born till about four-score yeai'S 
after .Esop's death. What credit therefore can 
be given to any thing Planudes says of him? 

As to the place of his birth, I will allow, with 
the generality of those who have written about 
him, that it might have been some town in Phry- 
gia major. In Phsdrus he is styled Phryh -Eso- 
pus, and A. Gellius making mention of him says, 
jEsopus, ille e Phrygia Fabulator. That he was 
also by condition a slave, we may conclude from 
what Plwedrus relates* of him. But whether at 
both Samos and Athena, he does not particularly 
mention, though I am inclined to think it was at 
the latter only; because he often speaks of him as 
living at that plare, and never at another which 
looks as if Phsdrus believed that Athens was the 
only place of his servitude, and indeed that he had 

■ Lib. S. Fab. 9. & Lib, 3. Fnb. 19- 

never lived any where else. Nor do I we how 
we could help being of that opinion, if others of 
the ancients, whose credit is equally good, did not 
carry him into other places. Aristotle introduces 
'him (as I mentioned before) speaking in public to 
the Sikmians, upon the occasion of their demagt^ue 
or prinie minister, being impeached for plunder- 
ing the commonwealth; in which oration he makes 
him insert the Fable* of the Fox, who was pester- 
ed with flies; and who, upon a Hedgehc^'d otfer- 
ii^ to drive them away, would not consent to it, 
upon a suspicion that a new swarm would come 
in their room, and drain him of the rest of the 
blood in his bodv. Which ^£sop applies Ihus: Ye 
men of Samos, let me entreat you to do as the Fox 
did; far thb man having got money enough, can 
hoot no farther occasion to rcit you; but if you put 
him to death, t<mte needy person leill Jill his place, 
nAtMS wants must be supplied out of your property. 

I cannot but think £sop was somewhat above 
the degree of a slave, when he made such a tiguru 
as an eminent speaker in the Samian state. Per- 
haps he might have been in that low condition in 
the former part of his life, and therefore Phsedrus, 
who had been of the same rank himself, might 
love to enlarge upon this circumstance, since he 
does not choose to represent him in any higher 
sphere. Unless we allow him to bef speaking in 
as public a capacity to the Athenians, upon the oc- 
casion of Pisistratiia seizing their liberties, as we 
have before supposed he did to the Samians. But, 
however, granting that he was once a slave, we 

• CXCV. oflbe r^lleclioD. 

t PhBd. Lib. 1. Fib. e. 

liave great authority that he was alterwarda not 
only free, but in high veneration and esteem with 
ail that knew him; especially all that were eminent 
for wisdom and virtue. Plutarch, in liis Bamjuel 
of the Seveii Wise Men, among several other illus- 
trious persons celebrated for their wit and know- 
ledge, introduces ^Esop. And, though in one place 
he seems to be ridiculed by one of the company 
for being a clumsy mongrel shape, yet in general 
he is represented as very courtly and polite in his 
behaviour. He rallies Solon and the rest, for ta- 
king too much liberty in prescribing rules for the 
conduct of sovereign princes; putting them in mind, 
that those who aspire to be the friends and coun- 
sellors of such, lose that character, and carry mat- 
ters too far when they proceed to censure and (ind 
fault with them. Upon the credit of Plutarch 
likewise, we fix the life of ^Esop in the time of 
Croesus, king of Lydia, with whom he was in such 
esteem, as to be deputed by him to consult the 
oracle at Delphos, and be sent as his envoy to 
Periander king of Corinth, which was about three 
hundred and twenty years after the time in which 
Homer lived, and five hundred and fifty before 

Now, though this ininginary banquet of Plu- 
tarch does not carry with it the wcigiit of a seri- 
ous history, yet we may take it for granted, that 
he introduced nothing in his fictitious scene, which 
might contradict either the written or traditionary 
life of jEsop, but rather chose to make every thing 
agree with it. Be that as it will this is the sum 
of the account which we have to give of him. Nor 
indeed is it material for us to know the little In- 

fliDv circumstances of his life, as whether he lived 
at Samos or Athens, whetlier he was a alave or a 
freeman, whether handsome or ugly. He has left 
U3 a legacy in his writings, that will preserve his 
memory dear and perpetual among us: what we 
have to do, therefore, is to show ourselves worthy 
of so valuable a present, and to act in all respects 
as near as we can, to the will and intention of the 
donor. They who are governed by reason, need 
DO other motive than the mere goodness of a thing 
to excite them to the practice of it. But men, for 
the most part, are so superficial in tht:ir inquiries, 
that they take all upon trust, and have no taste 
for any thing but what is supported by the vc^ue 
of others, and which it is inconsistent with the fash 
kxi of the world not to admire. 

As an inducement therefore to such as these to 
lilce the person and conversation of jf^p, I must 
a»ure them that he was held in high esteem by 
most of the great wits of old. There is scarce an 
author among the ancient Greeks, who mixed any 
thing of morality in his writing, but either quotes 
or mentions him. Socrates is described by Plato,* 
as turning some of his Fables into verse; and tliat 
in some of his hours he spent in prison, a little be- 
fore his death. Aristophanes not only takes hints 
from him, but mentions him much to his honour, 
as one whose w>rks were or ought to be read be- 
fore any other. He brings in one man upbraiding 
another %vith ignorance and illiteratencss in these 
words, Yott have not so muck as read ^op; it be- 
ing, as Suidas observes, a proverbial expression. 

• In Phffidaac. 


Aristotle (as you liave seen) speaks of him to his 
advantage! Laertius telU us, Demetrius Phalare- 
UB wrote a book, being a collection of Fables, so 
many of which were iEsop's, or done in his man- 
ner, that he thought tit to call the whole by his 
name. Enniusaiid Horace have embellished their 
poetry with him. Phicdrus gives him abundant 
applause. And A. Gcltius delivers his opinion of 
him in a manner too particular to be omitted. 
iEsop the Phrygian, (says he) the famous Fabulist, 
has justly acqtiired a reputation for his vdsdtmt: for 
as to those things v;hich are beneficial and advisable 
for us to do, he does not dictate and prescribe them in 
thai haughty dogmatical teay, so muck used by some 
other philosophers, but dresses up a parcel of agree' 
able entertaining stories, and by them conveys to the 
mind the most wholesome and seasonable doctrine, in 
the most acceptable and pleasant manner. As that 
Fable* of his for example, of the Lark and her 
young oncis, wwms us in the prettiest way imagina- 
ble, neuer to lay any stress upon the assistance of 
others, in regard to any affair which we ourselves are 
able to manage without them. Then he proceeds to 
give us a fine version of the Fable itself; and hav- 
ing finished it. ITiis ft^le of JEso'p, says he, is a 
lecture to us, concerning tlie little reliance we ought 
to have upon friends nW relations. And what now 
do the grave books of the Philosophers teach us more, 
than that we should depend upon ourselves only, and 
not look upon those things which are beyond our oxon 
reach, as any concern of ours. 
Thus we see, whatever his person was, the beaa- 


(Jes of hia mind were very charming and engaging: 
Ibat the most f elebrated amon^ the ancienls were 
his admirers; that they speak ofliim with raptures, 
Rnd pay as great respect to him as to any other 
of the wise men wlio lived in the same age. Nor 
can 1 perceive, from any author of antiquity, that 
he was so deformed as the mbnl£ has represented 
him. If he had, he must have been so monstrou§ 
and shocking to the eye, as not only to be a very 
improper envoy for a king, but scarce fit to be aX 
inittcd as a slave in any private family. Indeed, 
from what Plutarch iiints of him, I suspect he had 
something particular in his mien; but rather odd 
than ugly, and more apt to excite mirth than dig- 
gust, in those that conversed with him. Perhaps 
something humorous displayed itself in his counte- 
nance as well as writings; and it might be upon 
account of both, that he got the name of Gelooto- 
potos as Lucian calls him. However, we will go 
a middle way; and without insisting upon his beau- 
ty, or ^ving in to his deformity, allow him to have 
made a merry comical figure; at least as hand- 
some as Socrates; but at the same time conclude, 
that this particularity in the frame of his body, 
wad so far from being of any disadvantage to him, 
that it gave a mirthful cast to every thing he said, 
and added a kind of poignancy to his conversa- 

We have seen what opinion the ancients had of 
our author and his writings. Now, as to the man- 
ner of conveying instruction by fables in general, 
though many good vouchers of antiquity suiE- 
cicntiy recommend it, yet to avoid tiring the 
reader'a patience, I shall wave all quotations from 


thence, and lay before him the testimony of a mo- 
dern; whose a-uthority, in point of judgment, and 
consequently in the present case, may be as readi- 
ly acknowledged as that of any ancient of them 
all. "Fables,"* says Mr. Addison, " were the first 
pieces of wit that made their appearance in the 
world, and have been still highly valued, not only 
in the times of the greatest simplicity, but among 
the most polite ages of mankind; Jotham's fablfl 
of the trees, is the oldest that is extant, and as 
beautiful as any which have been made since that 
time. Nathan's fable of the poor man and his 
lamb, is likewise more ancient than any that is 
extant, besides the above mentioned; and had so 
good an effect, as to convey instruction to the ear 
of a king, without offending it, and to bring the 
man after God's own heart to a right sense of his 
guilt and his duty. We find JEsop in the most dis- 
tant ages of Greece. And if we look into the very 
beginning of the commonwealth of Rome, we see 
a mutiny among the common people appeased by 
the fable of the belli/ and the limbs,-\ which was in- 
deed very proper to gain the attention of an in- 
censed rabble; at a time when, perhaps, they would 
have torn to pieces any man who preached the 
same doctrine to them m an open and direct man- 
ner. As Fables took their birth in the very in- 
iancy of learning, they never flourished more than 
when learning was at its greatest height. To jus- 
tify this assertion, I shall put my reader in mind 
of Horace, the greatest wit and critic in the Au- 
gustan age; and of Boileau, the most correct Poet 

■ SpooL No. 183. t Fdb. XXXVIL 


among the modems; not to mention la Fontiiinei 
who, by this way of writing, is come more into 
vogue than any author of our times." After this 
be proceeds to give some account of that kind of 
Fable, in which the passions, and other imaginary 
beings are actors; and concludes with a most 
beautiful one of that sort, of his own contriving. 
In another place, he gives us a translation from 
Homer, of that inimitable Fable, comprised in the 
interview betwixt Jupiter and Juno, when the lat- 
ter made use of the girdle of Venus, to recall the 
affection of her husband; a piece never to be suf- 
6ciently recommended to the perusal of such of 
the fair sex, as are ambitious of acquitting them- 
selves handsomely in point of conjugal compla' 
cence. But I must not omit the excellent preface 
by which the Fable is introduced. "Reading is 
b) the mind,"* says he, " what exercise is to the 
body; and by the one health is preserved, strength- 
enea and invigorated; by the other, virtue, (which 
is the health of the mind) is kept alive, cherished 
and confirmed. But as exercise becomes tedious 
and painful, when we make use of it only as the 
means of health, so reading is too apt to grow un- 
easy and burdensome, when we apply ourselves 
to it only for our improvement. For this reason, 
(he virtues which we gather from a Fable, or an 
allegory, is like the health we get by hunting, as 
we are engaged in an agreeable pursuit that draws 
us rai with pleasure, and makes us insensible nf 
the fatigues that accompany it." 

■ T«Oer. No. H7. 

Having given my reader the opinion of this 
|reat man who has spoken so much and so well in 
favour of the subject I am concerned in, there is 
no room for me to enlarge farther upon that head. 
His argument demonstrates the usefulness and ad- 
vantage of this kind of writing, beyond contradic- 
tion; it therefore only remains, that I make some 
apology for troubling the public with a new edi- 
liun, of what it has had so often, and in so many 
different forms already. 

Nothing of this nature has been done since Le- 
Birange's time, worth mentioning; and we had no- 
thing before, but what (as he observes)* was so 
insipid and Jiat in the moral, and so coarse and un- 
couth in the style and diction, thai they viere rather 
dajigerous than profitable as to the mtrpoae for which 
they were principally intended, and likely to do fiyrly 
limes more harm than good. I shall therefore only 
observe to my reader, the insufficiency of Le- 
strange'a own performance, as to the purpose for 
which he professes to have principally intended 
it; with some other circumstances, which will help 
to excuse, if not justify, what I have enterpriaed 
upon the same subject. 

Now the purpose for which he principally in- 
tended his book, as in his preface he spends a 
great many words to inform us, was for the use 
and instruction of children; who being, as it were, 
mere blank paper, are ready inditrerently for any 
opinion, good or bad, taking all upon credit; and 
that it is in the power of the first comer to write 
saint or devil upon them, which he pleasei. This 

• Pre£ to Part. 1. 

PREFACE. irii 

beii^ truly and certainly the case, what poor de< 
rils would Lestrauge make of those children, who 
should be 50 unfortunate as to read his book, and 
imbibe his pernicious principles! Principles coined 
and suited to promote the growth, and serve tiie 
ends of popery and arbitrary power. Though we 
had never been told he was a pensioner to a po- 
pish prince, and that he himself professed the same 
religion, yet his reflections upon yEsop would dis- 
cover it to us: in every political touch, he shows 
himself to be the tool and hireling of the popish 
faction, ance, even a slave, without some merce- 
oary view, would not hring arguments to justify 
slavery, nor endeavour to establish arbitrary pow- 
er upon the basis of right reason. What sort of 
children, therefore, are the blank paper, upon 
which such morality as this ought to be written? 
Not the children of America, I hope; for they are 
bom with free blood in their veins, and suck in 
liberty with their very milk. This they should 
be taught to love and cherish above alt things, and, 
upon occasion, to defend and vindicate it; as it is 
the glory of their country, the greatest blessing of 
their lives, and the peculiar happy privilege in 
which they excel all the world besides. Let there- 
fore the children of Italy, France, Spain, and the 
rest of the popixh countries, furnish him with blank 
paper, for principles, of which free-born Columbi- 
ans are not capable. The earlier such notions are 
instilled into such minds as theirs indeed, the bet- 
ter it mil be for them, as it will keep them from 
thinking of any other than the abject servile cou- 
diticHi to which they are born. But let the minds 

xviii PREFACE. 

of our charming youth be for ever educated and 
improved in that spirit of truth and Hberty, for 
the support of which their ancestors have bravely 
exhausted so much blood and treasure. 

Had any thing tending to debase and enslave 
the minds of men been implied, either in the Fa- 
bles or morals of iGsop, upon which Lestrange was 
to make just and fair reflections, he might have 
pleaded that for an excuse. But iEsop, though it 
was his own incidental misfortune to be a slave, 
yet passed the time of his servitude among the free 
states of Greece, where he saw the high esteem 
in which liberty was held, and possibly learned to 
value it accordingly. He has not one Fable, or so 
much as a hint, to favour Lestrange's insinuations; 
but, on the contrary, takes all occasions to recom- 
mend a iove of liberty, and an abhorrence of ty- 
ranny, and all arbitrary proceedings. Yet Le- 
strange (though in the preface to his second part, 
he uses these words, I have consulted the best au- 
thorities 1 could meet withal, in the choice of the 
collection, without straining any thing, all this 
while, beyond the strictest equity of a fair and in- 
nocent meaning) notoriously perverts both the 
sense and meaning of several Fables; particularly 
when any political instruction is couched in the 
application. For example, in the famous fable of 
the Dog and the Wolf, After a long, tedious, 
amusing reflection, without one word to the pur- 
pose, he tells us at last, that the freedom which 
iEsop is so tender of here, is to be imderstood the 
freedom of the mind. Nobody ever understood it 
so I dare say, that knew what the other freedom 


was. As for what he mentions, it is not in the 
power of the greatest tyrant that lives to deprive 
us of it. If the Wolf was only sensible how sweet 
the freedom of mind was, and had no concern for 
the liberty of his person, he might have ventured 
to have gone with the Dog well enough: but then 
he would have saved Lestrange the spoiling of one 
of the best fables in the whole collection. How- 
ever this may serve as a pattern to that gentle- 
man's candour and ingenuity in the manner of 
drawing his reflection. iEsop breathed liberty in 
a political sense, whenever he thought fit to hint 
any thing about that unhappy state. And Phae- 
drus, whose hard lot it once was to have been a 
domestic slave, had yet so great a veneration for 
the liberty I am speaking of, that he made no scru- 
ple to write in favour of it, even under the usur- 
pation of a tyrant, and at a time when the once 
glorious free people of Rome had nothing but the 
form and shadow of their ancient constitution left. 
This he did particularly in the Fable of The Frogs 
desiring a king: as I have observed in the applica- 
tion* to it. After which, I leave it to the decision 
of any indifferent person, whether Lestrange, in 
the tenor of his reflections, has proceeded without 
^training most things, in point of politics, beyond 
the strictest equity of a fair and an honest mean- 

Whether I have the faults I mention finding with 
liimt in this or any other respect, I must leave to 

• Fab. III. 


the judgment of the reader: professing (according 
to the principle upon which the following applica- 
tions are bmlt) that I am a lover of liberty and 
truth; an enemy to tyranny, either in church or 
state; and one who detests party animosities and 
factious divisions, as much as I wish the peace and 
prosperity of my country. 



^ F.b. A. PiGEI 3S Ccnintr? MouMuid the ^^^ 

101 .£np M Pl»y - . - IBS 

City Mouse - . 81 ' 

170 jE»p uid tbe Imperii- 

lOSTwoCrabe - - 201 

ncnl Fellow . - 306 

as Craw and the Pilcher i] 1 

Tl AnglcrwcllfaelillieFiih 142 

n Am and the Fly - ■ 67 

133 Death and Cupid . 340 
191 Doer and the Lion ■ 342 

1S3 Ape nnd ihs Foi - • 334 

99 One eyed Doe - - 185 

186 Ape ind her Iv.o Young 

5 Dog and the Shadow - 33 

one . - - 332 

19 Dog and the Wolf ■ 55 

41 AiainlhsLian'iekiD - 95 

44 Mi«-hie\-oui> Dog - - 98 

73 Aatand the Lionhimling 143 

129 Dog in Ihe Monger - 236 

73 SamUe An ■ ■ ■ 144 

130 Dog and the Sheep - 337 

m An. Ihe Uoa. and the 

180 Dog invited to Supper 333 

Cock - SW 

133 Dove and the Ant - 242 

194 A-aodiheliuloDog - 336 


163 Am eating ihiillo • 394 

13 Fjigle and the Foi - 44 

■ B. 

■ 1S6 Bear and the Bee-Uree 230 

8U Ei|le, the Cat, and Ihe 

■ GS Hunted Beaver 137 

134 Eagle and Ihe Crow . 243 

■ 37 Belly and Ihe Membem ■ 8fi 

■ 195 the B^tt. uid the 

135 Envioui Man and Cavel- 

ous - . . 345 

■ B.I - - - 328 


■ lOTH^Biiche. ■ ■ 40 

148 Falconer and Ihe Par- 

■ 1T3 Blackamoor ■ ■ ■ 311 

Iridge - - - 268 

W HBrwanllhflAH - 46 

83 rir-TreeandlheBramhleieO 

■ 119 Buy nut ha Mother - 217 

100 River FUh and the Sea 

75 Brother and Si>ter ■ 147 

Fish ■ ■ - 186 

H Bull and the Goal ■ 1G2 


54 Forester and Ihe yon - 113 

tOSCawandiheSUve - 194 

91 Fortune and ihe Bov • 173 

_ saWsoionCalr - - 119 

85 Fowler and Ihe Blackhird 163 

■ GO CU and Ihe Foi ■ 133 

97 Fowler and the Urk 182 

B Sa Coi and Ihfl Mice - 168 

152 Fowlerand Ihe Ringdove 276 

■ 138 Cat and Ihe Cock - 334 

9 Foi and the frow . 38 

■ 1 Cock and Ihe Jewel ■ 25 

12 Fo< ani the Slork ■ 43 

■ 127 Cork and the Foi ■ 333 

33 Foiandlhellrapea ■ 60 

■ 183 Corku Fiihling ■ ■ 326 

■ 193 Cock uhT the |-o< - 345 

24 Fo. «id the Goal - 6) 

51 Foi and the Tiger - 108 
65 Fo. witheul a Tail - 131 

B 76 CUILer and ihe Fuller 149 

H 79 Cooelou* Man 1S3 

77 Foi and ihe Vimr Mn.k 150 

^B 19 Counlryman and the 

87 Fo< and Ihe Rramhle ■ IM 

^^ Sna^ . . . M 

89 Fo> and Ihe Countryman 169 

L_ J 

2iii CONTENTS 1 

93 Vo\ and the Ape - 175 


, 95 Foi and the Boar - 178 

20 Lamh hmughi up by a 

136 Fai and the Lion - 2J7 

Goal . - - 57 

142 Foi and the Sick LiaD S38 

31 Lark and her young OUCH 88 
59 Leopard and the Foi ■ 131 

166 Foi in Ihe Well - 3U0 

167 Fat and the Wolf - 301 

6 Lion and oilier Beasts ■ 33 

17a Fm Btid Ilio a™ - 319 

31 Lion and the Mouse 74 

195 Foi and the Hedgehog 348 
3 FnigsdeairingaKiDa - 89 

52 Uon and the four BiilLl 110 

67 lion in Un-e - ■ 138 

11 Pfiud Frog - - 41 
15 Frogg and the %hting Bulls 47 
43 Frog and the Fu< - 19<i 

82 Ijon and the Frog - 158 

115 Judiciona Lion - - 210 
141 Lion, the Beer, and the 

78 Two Frogs - ■ 151 

Foi ... 856 

168 Frog and the Mouse - S03 

144 lJon.lhBAas.BndtheFoiaC2 

68 Lioness and the Fot - 136 

192 Gardener and hi> Dog 344 


137 Geeae and Ihe Cranea 248 

17 Man and hia two Wivea 51 

81 Goal and the Lion - 2(17 

57 Man an.l Ihe Goose - 119 


90 A Man bil by a Dog - 171 
113 Man and his Wooden God 2U7 

169 Hare and the Tortoise 287 

30 Hares aiid the I'roga ■ 73 

]69 Man and the Weaael - 305 

108 Harper - - - 199 

190 ManandlheGiml - 341 

m Hart and the Vitio - 308 

32 Fatal Marriage ... 76 

&4 Hawk and the Nightin- 

196 Mailer and hi. Scholar 350 

gale - - - m 

III Mercury and Ihe Wood- 

131 Hawk and the Farmer 239 

man - . . a>4 

179 Hen and the Swallow 3SI 

176 Mercury and the Carver 316 

1B9 Hen and the Foi - -339 

143 Mice in Council - 260 

56 HereultB and the Carter 116 

94 Mole and her Dam - 177 

134 Horae and the Slag - 79 

26 Mountains in Lal-iur - 66 

138 lone and the Ah - SSO 

36 Mouse and the Weosel 81 

140 Horae and the Lion - 854 

93 Mulo - - . 173 

1B4 lorse and thB loaded Ass S96 


ITS Drunken Huahand - 309 

39 Nurse and Ihe Wolf • 90 

Sons - - - S58 

iO Oak and the Reed - 106 

IM Huabandfoan and Ihe 

iS Old Hound - ■ 69 

Stork ... 379 

145 Old Uon - - 264 

66 Old Man and Death - 131 

4 Vain Jackdaw - - 91 

14B Old Man and to Sons 265 

lOa Jackdaw and the Pigeons 189 
184 Jackdaw arul the Sheep 330 

96 Old Woman and Ihe Kmp- 

tyCaak ■ ■ ISO 
147 Old Woman and her 

46 Jnt^lcrandlheCnmel - 99 

86 Jupiter and Pallag - 165 

Maida - - - 267 

118 JuiHier and the Asa ■ 215 

181 JupilerandtheHerdsn.an324 



]51 Parrol and his Cage ■ 274 

14 Kid and the Wolf - i!09 

61 Partridge and the Cocks 125 

IS Kite anil the Kgmna - 49 

21 PeBcocfe'e ComrdBini - 59 

*9 Sirk Kite - 71 

49 Peacock aiKl the Crane 105 

fl Bald Knight - 102 ISO Peacock and the Magpie 3T9 

i^^^ ^^^^^k 



185 Ploughman and Fortune 331 
149 Porcupine and the Snakes 270 

38 Two Pots 




Raven and the Serpent 
55 Satyr and the Traveller 114 

156 Serpent and the Man • 282 

106 Sheep-Biter • • 196 
155 Shepherd's Boy • 281 
187 Shepherd turned Mer- 

chant - - - 334 

103 Sow and the Bitch - 191 
163 Sow and the Wolf - 278 

104 Sparrow and the Hare 192 
8 Stag looking into the 

Water - - - 36 
18 Stag in the Ox-Stall - 53 
69 Stag and the Fawn • 138 

157 Swallow and other Birds 284 


107 Thief and the Dog - 198 
110 Thief and the Boy - 212 
177 Thieves and the Cock 318 

63 Thunny and the Dolphin 128 

40 Tortoi»e and the Eagle 92 
46 Travellers and the Bear 190 
74 Boasting Traveller • 145 

174 Travellers - - 312 

158 Trumpeter taken Prisoner286 

23 Viper and the File • - 61 

112 Creaking Wheel - 206 

41 Wind and the Sun - 93 
2 Wolf and the Lamb - 27 
7 Wolf and the Crane - 35 

116 Wolf and the Kid - 212 

117 Wolf, the Fox, and the 

Ape - - - 214 

160 WolfinSheep'sClothmg289 
120 Wolves and the sick Ass 219 

161 Wolves and the Sheep 291 
33 Wood and the Clown - 78 

73 Young Man and the Swal> 
low - - - 140 

162 Young Man and his Cat 292 
183 Two Young Men and the 

Cook ... 328 
188 Young Man and the lion 337 


A BRISK young Cock, in company w th two or three 
Palleta, his mistresses, rak ng upon a dungh I! for 
(ometliing to entertain th m w tli haj^penej to 
KMlch up a jewrel ; he kne v what t was well 
enough, for it sparkled w th an ejcceeJ ng brght 
iMtre ; bnt, not knowing what to do n th t, n(^ 
cored to cover his ignorance under a gay contempt 
60, shrugging up his wings, shak ng n s head, and 
putting on a grimace, he expr ssod h mscif to thu 
purpoM : inde»J, yon are a very fine th ng b t I 
know not any bosiness you ha e here I make no 
Kruple of declaring that my tasto lies quite another 
WiT ; and I woulil rather have one grain of dear 
deucioua barley, than all the jewels under the auti. 

26 jESOPS fables. 


There ore seveTul people in the world that pass, with somf!, 
fbr well accompli ehcd gontlomen, and very prelly fellows, 
tbough they are is great strangers to the true use of virtue and 
knowledge, as the Cock upon the dunghill is to the red value 
of the Jewel. He palliatBB his ignorance by pretending that his 
taste lies another way ; but whatever gallant aira people may 

Sire themselves upon these occasions, without dispiile, the so- 
d advantagca of virtue, and the durable pleasurea of learning, 
aie as much to be preferred before other objects of the eensea, 
as the Riiest brilliant diamond is above a barley-corn. The great- 
est blockheads would appear to understand, what at the same 
time they alFect to dcapiae ; and nobody yet was ever so vicious 
aa to have the impudence to declare in public, Ibat virtue was 
not a fine thing. 

" ■ ■"' ing young (ellowa of the 

ago, who 

CulticB □ 

B leiau 


e fa- 

ll the bodj . 
many are tlioro wno spend their days in raking alter newacenaa 
of debauchery, in comparison of those few who know how to 
relish mote reasonable entertainment T Honest and undesigning 
good sense is so unfashionable, that he mnat be a bold man, 
who, at tills time of day, attempts to bring it into esteem- 
How disappointed is the youth, wlio in the midst of his smor- 
ooi puTBuitK, endeavouring to plunder an outside of bkiom and 
beauty, Rrids a treasure of impenetrable virtue concealed with- 
in ! And, why may it not be said, how deliglitod are Ihe fair sei, 
irhen from among a crowd of empty, frolic, conceited admirers, 
Unj find out, and distinguish with theit good opinion, a man of 
■enn, with a plain unaffected parson, which at flrat sight thev 
did not like! 

0\8 hot, sultry day, a Wolf and a Lamb happened 
e just at the same time, lo quench their thirst 
in the stream of a clear silver brook, that ran turn- 
bling down the side of a rocky mountain. The Wolf 
Hood upon the higher ground, and the Lamb at some 
distance from him down the current. However, the 
Wolf, having a mind to pick a quarrel with him, ask- 
ed hin) what he meant by disturbing the water, and 
making it so muddy tbut he could not drink; and, at 
the same time, demanded satisfaction. The Lamb, 
fnghteaed at this threatening charge, told him, in a 
lone as mild as possible, that with humble submission, 
be could not conceive how that could be ; since the 
water, which he drank, ran down from the Wolf to 
him, and therefore could not be disturbed so far up 
the stream. Be that as it will, replies the Wolf, yon 
are a rascal, and I have been told that you treated rae 
with ill language behind roy back, about half a year 


ogo. L'lwn my word, says the Lamb, the time you 
mention wua before I was born. The Wolf, finding 
it to no purjioso to orguo any longer u^inst truth, 
fell into iL great passion, snarling and foaming at the 
mouth as if he had been mad ; and, drawing nearer 
to the Lamb, Sirrah, says he, if it was not you, it 
wag your father, and that ia all one. So lie seized 
the poor, ii.flocent, helpless thing, tore it to pieces, 
and made a meal of it. 


The tiling wliich is pointod at in tliis Fuble is so obviouB, Uiitl 
It will he imiiertincnt to multiply words about i^ When u cruel 
ill-natured man lioa a mind to abuse one inferior to liiinself, 
either in power oi courage, though he has not giien tlie least oc 

e quietly 

rapaciouB temper cimid not bear to see iunocence live q 
m its neighbourhouil. In sliort, whenever ill people l.. ._ 
power, innocence uiil integrity are soro to bo persecuted ; the 
more vicious the community is, the belter countenance Ihej 
have lor their own tilltiinDus measures : to practice honoaly in 
bad times, is being liable to siiapieii/n enough ; but if any one 
should dare to prescribe it, it is ten to one but he would lie im- 
peached of high crimes and misdemeanors : for to stand up for 
justice in a degenerate corrupt stare, is tacitly to upbraid tha 
goTBrnment, and seldom fiiiU of pulling down vengeance upon 
the head of )iim that offers to stir in its defence. Where cru. 
elly and malice arc in combination with power, nothing is as 
easy BB ihr tiicm to find a pretence lo tyrannize over innocence 
and exorcise all manner of injustice. 

jebops fables. 

FAB. III. The Frogs desiring a King. 

The Fro^, living an easy f ee I p evcrv There 
wiiong the lakes and pond assembled owe h r one 
day in a very tumultuous manner and pet nnt I Ju 
piter to let them ha?e a king vho m ght n^pect lli<? t 
morals, and make them live a 1 ttle honeater Jup ter 
being at that time in pretty good humour was pleas 
ed to laugh heartily at their r d culous r que t and 
throwJDg a little log down n to the pool cnei tt ere 
is a king for you. The sudden splash wh ch th s made 
by its fall into the water, at firit terr fied them so ex 
ceedingly, that they were afraid to come near t B t 
in a little time, seeing it lay w thout mov ng ll ev 
ventured, by degrees, to approach t and at h< fin 1 
iug there woa no danger, the) lea; cd upon t an 1 in 
short, treated it as famitia ty as the pleased But 
not content with so insipid a k ng as tl s was they 
not llicir deputies to petit on again for another sort 
o 2 


of one ; lor this Chey neither did nor could lit?. Upon 
that, he sent them a Stork, who, without any ccrcmo- 
Dy, fell a devouring and eating them up, one after 
another, as fast as he could. Then they applied them- 
selvea privately to Mercury, and got him to fpeak to 
Jupiter in their behalf, that he would he so good an 
to bless them again with another king, or restore them 
to (heir former slate. No, says he, since it was their 
own choice, let the obstinate wretches suffer tha 
punishment due to their fol'y. 


It ie pretty extraordinary to find a F.iblc of tliis kind, iinishod 
B ith so bold, and yet polito a turn by Phedrus : one wlin attain- 
ed his freedom by tliB favour of AugustUB, tind wrote in the 
lime of Tiberius ; who were, Bucceasively, tyrnnnlcal usurpers 
of the Roman govermnent. If wa may lake Ids word tor it, 
lEsop Bpoke it upon tiiis occanon : When the commotiweiilth of 
Athens Sourislied under good whotesomo laws of its own en- 
acting, they relied bo much on the Eecurity of their liberty, tltot 
tbey negligently nuffered it to run out into licentiousnrsa. And 
factions happening to be fomented among (hem by denigning 
people, much about the same time, Pisiatratus took that op^nr. 
tunity to make himself master of their citadel and liberties both 
together. The Athenians, finding theuiselvBB in a state of 
■lavery, tliough their tyrant happened to be a verv merciful 
one, yet could not Iwar the thoughts of it ; so that Mtop, where 
therti was no remedy, prcaoribes them patience, by the exam- 
ple of the foregoing fable ; giid addB, at last. Wherefore, my 

A CERTAIN Jackdaw was so prouil and amhitious, 
llint not contented to live within his own sphere, but 
picking up the feathers which fell from the Peacocks, 
be stuck them in among his own, and very confidently 
introduced himself into an assembly of thoae beautiful 
birds. They soon found him out, stripped him of bis 
borrowed plumes, and falling upon him with their 
sharp bills, punished him as his presumption deserved. 
Upon this, full ofgriefand affliction, he returned to his 
old companions, and would have flocked with them 
again; but they knowing his late life and conversation, 
industriously avoided him, and refused to admit him 
into their company; and one of them at the same time 
gave him a serious reproof. If, friend, you could have 
been contented with our station, and not disdained the 
mtk in which nature had placed you, you had not been 
Died N> scurvily by those upon whom you intruded 
fouTself, nor suffered the notorious slight which now 
IK tbisk ourselves obliged to put upon you. 


What we may leoni from this Fable, ia, in the main, to lire 
contentedly in our own condition, whatever il be, ^sithout af- 
fecting to look bigger than we are, hy a false or borrowed life. 
To be barely ples^ed with appeiuing above what a man reallf 
IB, ia bad ehough ; and what may jusUy render him oontemp- 
Ijble in the eyes of his equals: but, if to enable him to do this 
with something of a better grace, he haa clandestinely lea- 
thered hia n&ai, with hia neighbour's goods, when found out, h;' 
has nothing to expect but to be stripped of his plunder, and 
lued like a felonious rogue into the bargiun. 

FAB. V. Tke Dog and the Shadow. 

A DOG, croflsinga little rivulet with apiece of flesh 
in his mouth, saw his shadow represented in the clear 
mirror of the limpid stream ; and believing it to be an- 
other dog, who was carrying another piece of flesh, he 
could not forbear catching at it ; but was bo far from 
getting anj thing by hia greedy design, that he dropl 
the piece ho had in his mouth, which immediately 
sunk to the bottom, and was irrecoverably lost. 

toloce what Jie has. Yet 
vail* &om the king to the 


'e than belonga Id him, ]u9lly dcservec 

lieclcd w 

been drawn in by this greedy hi 

with it. 

Qnarcha hme 

loighbourB; not Itiut they wanted any thjng jnore to 
fctd their luxury, but to gratity their insatiabie appetite with 
nin-glory. If the kin^ nf Persia could have bton contented 
with Iheir own vnat territurJCB, they had nnt lost all Asia Ibr the 
Hke ofa little petty state of Greece. And France, with all ita 
fiotj, baa, ere now, been reduced to the last eitremity by the 
aaine unjuBl encroachinenlij. 

He that thinks he eees anotlier estate in a pack of cards, or a 
bni and dice, and venturCK bia own in the purxuit ul' it, should 
nnl repine if he finds hiniself a beggar in tliu tnd. 


Tkb Lion ami several othT hca.ita, 
•Jlianre oTmsive and ihfensivc, and were to li 
wdable iDuether in Ihc CoiqsU One ilny, 


made a sort orexcureion, hy way of hunting, they tonfc 
a very fine, largo fat deer, which was divided into 
four ports ; tliere happening to be then present, his 
majesty the Lion, and only three others. After the 
division waa made, and the parts were set out, his 
majesty advancing forward some ateps, and pointing 
to one of the shares, was pleased lo declare himself 
after the following manner; — This I seize and take 
[lossession of as my right, which devolves to me, as I 
am descended by a true, lineal, hereditary succession 
from the royal family of the Lion ; that (pointing to the 
second) 1 claim hy, I think, no unreasonable demand ; 
considering thai all the engagements you have with 
the enemy turn chiefly tipon my courage and conduct, 
and you very well know that wars are too expensive 
lo be carried on without proper supplies. Then (nod- 
ding his head towards the third) that I shall take by 
virtue of my prerogative j lo which I make no ijues- 
tion but so dutiful and loyal a people will pay all the 
deference and regard that 1 can desire. Now, as for 
the remaining part, the necessity of our present af- 
fairs is so very urgent, our stocks so low, and our 
credit so impaired and weakened, that I must insist 
upon your granting that without any hesitation or 
demur; and hereof fail not at your peril. 


No alliance iseulB which is mndu wilh those who iro Buparior 
lo UB in power. Tliough Ihcy lay tliemralvea uuiler the nion 
strict anil Botamn ties nt the opening of the congress, yet the 
first udvantagraius opportunity will tempt them to break the 
Ireaty: and they will noirer wnnl ■pe'-ioiq prctonrea lo furnish 
out thei r declarations of WBr. It is not easy lo determine, whe- 
ther it IB more stnpld and ridiculous for a community, to trust 
itself in (he hands of those tliat are more powerful \han them- 
wirea, or to wonder sfterwardB that their vunftdenca and crt:- 
dulity are abused, and Ihejr properlias bvsdcd. 


A WOLF, after devouring his prey, liiippened to 
have a bone in his throat, which gave tiim so much 
pain, thai he went howling up and down, and impor- 
tuning every creature he met, to lend him a kind hand 
in order to hia relief; nay, he promised a reasonable 
reward to any one ihat should undertake the operation 
with success. At last the Crane, tempted with the 
lucre of the reward, and having first procured him to 
confirm his promise with an oath, undertook the busi- 
ness, and ventured his long neck into the rapacious 
felon's throat. In short he plucked out the bone, and 
expected the promised gratuity. When the Wolf, 
taming bis eyes disdainfully towards him, said, I did 
not think you had been so unconscionable; I hod ymir 
bead in my mouth, and could bile it off whenever I 
pleased, but suffered you to take it away without any 
lUmagv;, and yet you are not contented. 

36 jESOP'3 fables, 

the applicatios. 

There ia a sort of people in the world to whom a man may he 
III the wrong Ibr doing services, upon a double score; lirBt, be- 
uiue thej never deserved to bsve a good oHice done them; and 
Kcondly, because, when once engaged it ia so hard a. matter (o 
be well rid of their acquaintance. 

Tliis Fable is not an example of ingralilude, as at first sighl 
it seems to be, and as some of tlio mjthologisls have understood 
it; to make it a parallel in that case, the Crane ought to have 
been under some difficulties in his turn, and the Wolf have re. 
fosed to aasiat hiro when it vaa in his power. The whole slreis 
of it lies in whom we are desired lo do good offices, before we 
do them; lor he that grants a favour, or even confidea in b per- 

I if he IS 


FAH. Mil r!ir ■^tnn looking into Ihe Water. 

pect 8 ood a e »u a o on ne con 
uid BU e n{, h 3 shape a d f a ti es f on h ad n 
loot At sa s he wha a e o ous pa of h anch ng 
horns are thesi;! how gracefully do these aiitlera han<T 


ovtT m; forehead, and give an agreeable turn to my 
vbole face. If aonie other parts of my body w(fie 
proportionable to them, 1 would turn my back to no- 
body; but I have a set of such legs as really makes 
me ashamed to see them. People may talk what they 
please of their coaveniencies, and what great need we 
Kand in of them upon several occasions; but for niv 
part i find them 30 very slender and unsightly, that I 
bad as lief have none al all. While he was giving 
himself these airs, he was alarmed by the noiae of 
some huntsmen and a pack of hounds, (hat had been 
just upon the scent, and were making towards him, 
Away he flies in some consternation , anti bounding 
nunbly over the plain, threw dogs and men at a vaei 
distance behind him. Atler which, taking a very thick 
copse, he had the ill-fortune to be entangled by his 
horos in a thicket; where he was held fast till the 
bouDda came in and pulled him down. Finding now 
bow it was like to be with him, in ibe pangs of ilealh 
be ie said to have uttered these words: Unhappy 
creature that I am. I am too late convinced, that whai 
1 prided myself in, has been the cause of my undoing; 
ind what I BD much disliked, was the only thing that 
could have saved me. 


Peihaps we cannot apply thii better, thaa by suppoainz tha 
t'iMe to be a jiarable, wliich rnsy tic thus explained. Tbe Deer 
rinring itselT in the water, it a beautilul young lady at her 
Imtdng'^hiH. She cannot lic[p being sensible or the I'harnB ' 
which lie iiiooniing in every foatiirB af her iace. She moiatem' 
liBrU|if, lui^iUBliea with her eyea, ailjurta every lock of herhwr 
<nth the niceal exactneis, givea an agreeable attitude to her 
whab bodj; and then with a aojl sigli, uya to herself, Alil how 
happy niight I be, in a daily crowd of adiiilrerp, if it was nut for 
tbe eenaoriouinen or the age'. When 1 view that fku, when* 
MUorB to give her her due, haa been liberal enoug-h of clisrmB. 
how easy i3u>u1d I be. it it were not for that aleiidoi jmrliculai. 


my hunour. The odioua idea, of tbat comes across dl my happy 
mameau, and brings a niortiiicB,tion with itthatdanifiB my inml 
flatli^riiig, lender hopes. Ol that tliere were no such Uiinga in 
the wuildl In the midst of these Boliloquiee slic in intcirupled 
by the voice of her lover, who enters liar chamber, singing a 
rigadoon air; and, introducing his diaconrse in a similar easy 
DiaDDer, takea occaaion lo launch out in praiae of her beauty, 
sees she is pleased with it, snatches her hand, kiases it in a trans- 
port; and in short, purauca bis point ao close that aha is not able 
to disengage herself from him. Bnl when the c^naequence of 
all this approaches, in an agony of grief and shame, aha felcbos 
1 deep nigh, and says. Ah! how mistaken liave I been! the nr. 
. . I .■ ^ .. , ^jgjj[ ],g^^f, BHTcd mej but the beauty 1 prized so 

eep »iBh, 
1 shghtei 

FAB. IX. The Fox ami the Ci 

A cBow having taken a piece of cheesn out of a 
DOttage winduw, Rew up into a high tree with it, in 
nrder to cat it. Which a Fox obaerving, came md 
sat underneath, and began lo compliment the crow, 
upon the subject of her beauty. I [protest, says he. 



I nevef observed it before, but your feathers are of a 
iDore delicate white than any that 1 ever saw in my 
life. Ah! what a fine shape and graceful (urn of bo- 
dy is ihere. And 1 niak^ do question but you have a 
tolerable voice. If it is but as fine as your complexion, 
1 do not know a bird that can pretend to stand in com- 
petition wiih you. The Crow, tickled with this very 
civil language, nestled and wriggled about, and hardly 
knew where she was; but thinking the Fox a little 
dubious as to the particular of her voice, and having 
> mind to set him right in that matter, began to sing, 
ud in the same instant, let the cheese drop out of 
her moulh. This being what the Fox wanted, ho 
chopped it up in a moment, and trotted away, laugh- 
ing to himself at the easy credulity of the crow. 


They Ihit love Hsttery (u it is lo be reared loo many do,) are 
in • lair way to repent of their foible at the lung ruTi. And jet 
buir lew aie llicre among the whole race of mimkind, nrlio may 
be nid lo be fufl proof againit ita attacks! The gloss way by 
which It is managed by eome aJLly practitionora, ia enough to 
alarm the dullest apprehenninn, and make il toralue itself upon 
Iho quicknen of its insight into the little plola of thia nature. 
Oat, lei the ambuscade be diipoeed with due juili^menl, and it 
will scarce fail of seizing the mostguardld heart. How many 
are tickled lo the last degree ivith the pleasure of flattery, even 
chile they are applauded for tlieir hocest dcU-ilation of it? ther* 
is no way lo baffle the force of tliis engine, but by every one'i 
eiainining impartially for liiniself the true esliniale nfma OWD 
qnalitiei: if be deals si ncarely in the matter, nobody can tell ao 
well u hinuelf; what ocgree of esteem oufjht la attend any of 
bia acticas: and therefore he ahould be eElirclj easy as lo th* 
ofinion men are like lo hare ofthem in the world. Ifthey at- 
IribiUe more to him than his diie, they arc either designing or 
BUitekea; if they allow him less, they are envioti*. nr possibly, 
atill mistaken; and, in eitber case, are to be desplacd, nr disre. 
prded. For he lliat flatters without designing to mnlie advan- 
tage of it, is a fool: and ",' line ver encourages lliat flattery whioh 
be hw aense enough to scr> llirougli, is a vain coicomu. 

FAB. X. TTie two BilcheK 

ready lo wliel|>, irilreated 
soother bilcli lo lend lier her kennel, only till her 
month was up, and assured ber that then she should 
have it again- The other very readily consented, and 
with a great deal of civility, resigned it to her imme- 
diately. However, when the time was elapsed, she 
came and made her a visit, and very modestly inti- 
mated, that now she was up and well, she hbped she 
should see her abroad again; for that really, it would 
be inconvenient for her to be without her kennel any 
longer, and therefore she lold her she must be so free 
Ba to desire her to provide herself with other lodgings 
js soon us she could. The lying-in bilch replied, 
that truly she was ashamed for having kept her n 
long out of her own house; but it was not upon lioi 
r.wn account, for indeed she was well enough logo any 
where, so much as that of her puppies, who v. 
so weak, that she was afraid they wc 
to follow her; and, if she would be si 
her stav a fortnight longer, she should take il 

it be ab'e 
3 to let 
it for tlic 

jesofs fables. 


greatest obligation in the world. The other bitcU wm 
«> good-natured and compassionate as to comply with 
this request too: but at the expiration of the term, 
came and told her positively that she must turn out. 
fur alie could not possibly let her be there a day longer. 
Must turn out, says the other; we will see that: for I 
promise you, unless you can beat me, and my whole 
Utter of whelps, you are never like to have any thing 
more to do here. 



a of the law; and though where 
sqniljr 6aiirul;eii, and property us duly secuieil, the tweltlh 
poinl, I mean tlial of right, 'a better than the other elereni yet 
thu Fable may lerve lu a veij good Icuon of c&ulion to iu,aeT. 
er lo let any tiling wc value go out of our posBemicm, without 

S' good ■ecurily. Wise and good natured men will give Ub- 
ly and jiidicioaBl; what the; can spare; but to Uni^ where 
tbera is a piobabililj of our being defrauded by the borrower, 
>i a part ol* a loo easj and hlaniablc credulity. 

F\B. XI. The P roud Frog. 

lionced to set his 

-B to iiva equal with one of a erei. 
sure to share a like fate with tin 


foot among a parcel of young frogs, ami trod one of 
them to death. The rest informed their mother when 
she came home, what had happened, telling her that 
the beaat which did it was the hugest creature that 
ever the; saw in their lives. What, was it so big? 
says the old Frog, swelling and blowing up her speck- 
led belly to a great degree. Oh, bigger by a vast 
deal say tliey. And so big? says she, straining her- 
eelf yet more. Indeed mamma, say they, if you were 
to burst yourself, you would never be so big. She 
strove yet again, and burst herself indeed. 


WhennvDr ■ man 
Isr ibrlune than hii 

Frog in ths Fable. How many vuin people, of inoderal 
circumBtances, burst and come to nothing, bj rising witli those 
whose eslatsa are moce ample than their own 7 Sir Changeling 
CIuiUBtook waB poBsesfled of a very conaidoruble estate, devolv. 
ed to liirn by the death of an old uncle, wliu had adapted him Ms 
heir. He had a false taste for happiness and without the least 
economy, trualing to the sufficiency of his vast revenue, wu 
resolved to be ouUdone by nobody, in showing grandeur and 
BipensivB living. Ho gave five thousand pounds for a piece of 
ground in the country, to set a house uponi the building and 
furniture of which cofil fitly thousand pounds more; and his gar- 
dens were prnportionabJy magnificent Besides 'which, he 
[houg-ht himself under a necessity of buying out two or three 
tenements which stood in his noigbbourhoul, that he might 
have elbow-room enough. All this he could very well bear, 
and still might have been happy, had it nftt been lor an unfor- 
tunate view which he one day happened to take of my lord 
Casllebuilder's gardens, which consist of twenty acres, where- 
as his ovm were not above twalve. From that lime he grew 
pensive; and bolbre the ensuing winter gave live and thirty 
years' purchase fi>r a dozen acres more to enlarge his gardenii, 
built a couple of eiorbitant green-houses, and a 'arge pavilion 
at the further end of a lorrace-wolk. The bore repairs ondsu- 
perintandencies of all which, call lor the remaining part of his 
mcome. He is mortgaged pretty deep, and pays nobody; but 
boing a privileged person, resides alto£ethar at a cheap private 
lodgina m the city of Westmins— 



The Fox invited the Stork to dinner, and betng 
disposed lo divert himself at the expense of his guest, 
provided nothing for the entertainment but aoup, in a 
iride shitlloiv diab. This himself could tap up' with 

■ pent deal of ease; but the Stork, who could but just 
dip in the point of his bill, was not a bit the better all 
the while; howerer, in a few days after, he returned 
(he compliment, and invited the Fox; but sufTercd no- 
thing to be brought to table but some minced meat 
in a glass jar: the neck of which was so deep, and so 
narrow, that though the Stork with his long bill made 

■ Bbill to fill his belly, all that the Fox, who was very 
hungry, could do, was to lick the brims, as the Stork 
Blabbered ihein with his eating. Reynard was heartily 
leied si first; but when he came to take his leave, 
cnrned ingenuously, that he had been used as he de. 
fwrreil; and that he had no reason lo take any treal- 
iMitt ill of which he set the example. 

a jEsop's fables. 


It in niiglity impruiient, as well as inhumnn and uncivil, to af- 
IraDt an; body; and wlioever takes tlie liberty to emcise his 
wittj taiont tluil way, mual not think much of it, if Jie meeta 
wiUi ropriaals. Indeed, if aU those who are thus paid in thoir 
own coin, would take it witii the same frankntaa llie Fox did, 
the matter wnuld not be much: but we are too apt, when Ibr 
(est comca to be turned home upon ourxelvea, to think that in. 
BulTerable in another, which wa looked opon as pretty and face- 
would be done by, so proper to be our model in Hvery transac- 
tion of life, may more particularly be of use in this respect; be- 
cause people eld m rec ive any advantage by these 
h mpo9 B, d if h k (h 

I g th m n 

An Eag h h d oung on s 
•ome hngofedhn h ppndo a Fox s 
cub ha busk g ts f b oad n h un S e 

made a stoop, and trussed i( iinmediatelv; but before 



(bf had carried it quite off, the old Fox coming home, 
iraplored her, with tears in her eyes, lo apare her cub, 
Snd pity the distress of a. poor fond mother, who should 
think no at!iiction so great as thai of losing; her child. 
The Ea);Ie, whose nest was up in a very high tree, 
Iboughl herself secure enough from all projects of rc- 
lenge, and so bore away the cub to her young ones, 
without showing any regard to the aupplicationa of 
the Fox. But that subtle creature, highly incensed ;it 
Ibia outrageous barbarity, ran to an altar, where some 
country people had been sacrificing a kid in the open 
fields, and catching up a fire-branil in her mouth, ran 
towards the tree where the Eagle's nest was, with a 
resolution of revenge. She had scarce ascended the 
first branches, when the Eagle, terrified with IhE! aji- 
proaching ruin of herself and family, begged of tho 
Fox to desist, and, with much submission, returned 
ber the cub again safe and sound. 


This Fable it a warning to UB, not lodcal himlljDrtnJnriauBlj 

hj any body. The consideration of our ijcing in a high condition 

of liiE, uid those we hurt, tielow ua, ivill plead little or no cxcubu 

lor tu, in tbi* caic For there ii scarce a creature of so deapia 

high; and, 

wible of any pangs of remotBe. The^ widow's tears, Ihe oi 
ph»n'» cries, sod the curses of the miserable, like javelins thrown 
by the band of a feeble old ttian, fall by (be way, tmil never rpacb 
Iheir boart Dul let such aone, in the midst of his flagrant inju» 
lioc, rvnieniher, liow easy a mailer it la, nolwilhstanding' his su- 
jpniiH' dialanCD, lor the meanest vassal to be revenged of him. 
The bitterriKsaofaAliclian, even where canning is wanling.may 
uuiDBle Ihe poorest spirit with resolutions of vengeance, and 
wben once that furv a thoroughly awaJiened, we know not wlinl 
ihe will require belore she is lulled to rest again. The mosi paw. 
*ifliItyranl>ciunot prevents resolTGdasaassinalion; there area 
ihooauid Jifierentwaya ior any privalc man to do the biininess, 


who ii heartily Jiapuaed to it, end willing to satiefy his oppelile 
for revuiige, RtthocipcnBe of his life. An old woman may clap 
a fire-brand to tlia palace of a princfi.and it ia in the power of a 
poor weak fool to destroy the children of the mighty. 

F \B \I\ Tht Boar and ike \ <i 

A. IJtileEiCoundreloran Asa, happening to meet with 
& Boar, had a mind to be arch upon him; and ho bro- 
ther, says he, your humble servant. The Boar some- 
what nettled at hia familiarity, bristled up to him, and 
told him, he was surprised to hear him utter so im- 
pudent an untruth, and was just going to show hia 
noble resentment, by giving him a rip in the flank; 
but wisely stifling his passion, he contented himself 
with only saying, go, you sorry beast! I could be amply 
and easily revenged of you, but I do not care to foul 
my tuska with the blood of ho base a creature. 
FooIb are (oinctinica so nmbitious of being tliought witj, thut 
attempting to show thcintwlres such. 
^ ■ rebuke from ona 

line to »l 
' a hands 

■upcrioT to himielf, both in courage and merit, he 

(wkwvd ruUerf even to Uie laet degree ar oStmue. 

doll criiitiire u so far from raisiug himaeirtJie least esteem bv hii 



would h 

uid Uwugb tlio boar in the Fabli 
nf geDSrou*, brave «pirit», not lo eive themselves up to pusic 
Mr (o be diatempered n^ith thoughts of revenge upon the inao 
lent behaiiour ol' every AsB that otfends thcni, because llieir 
bud would be diBbonoured b; the tincture of a base man's 
Uoodi yel, unong human creatures the correction of nn sbs that 
would be unsesjonably witlj-, may be peribrmcd with justJieBS 
and ptoprietj enougii; provided it be done in good humour. 
The blood of a coward, htcrally speaking, would stuin the char- 

tbould be done, if possible, in the utmost calmnesa of temper. 
It takes off (oraething from the reputation of a great BOuUwIiec 
•fc sH it is in tbe power of a fool to ruffle and unsettle it. 

FAB. XV. The Froga and the Jighling Bulls. 

A Fro^' one day 
iog Bboul hiiti 


tance off, in the meadow; and calling Id one of his ac- 
qiiaintances, Look, says he, what dreadful work there 
ia vender! Dear Sir, what will become of ub7 Wliy, 
pr'ythee, aaya the other, do not frighten yourself bo 
about nothing; how can their quarrels aficct us? They 
are of a difTerent kind and way of living, and are at 
present only contending which shall be master of the 
herd. That is true, replies the first; their quality and 
station in life is, to all appearance, dilferenl enough 
from ours: but as one of them will certainly get thp 
better, he that is worsted, being beat out of the mea- 
dow, will take refuge here in the marshes, and may 
possibly tread out the guts of some of us; so ycu see 
we are more nearly concerned in this dispute of theirs 
IhaD at first you were aware of. 




ns: it baing hardly possible for great people to fnll out, with- 
out involving many below t)iem in the sume lute. Haj, what- 
ever bBcomes of the former, the letter are sittb to suffer; those 
may be only playing the Ibol, wiiile these really smart for it. 

It ia of no small importance to the honest, quiet part of man- 
kind, vrho desire nothm^ so niueh aa U !iee peace and virtue 
Bourisb, to enter seriously and impartially into the coneidcralion 
of this peine; for, as significant as IheqnarrolBbf the great may 
•omotimoB be, yet Ihey are nothing without their espousing and 
■upporting- them ooe way or other. What is it that uccasioiib 
parties, but the ambitious or avaricious spirit of men in eminent 
itations, who want to etigroesall power in their own hands? up- 
on this they frment divisions, and form factions, and eicite ani. 
mosities between well meaning, but undeserving people, who 
little think that the great aim of their leaders is no more than the 
■dTancemcnl of their own private aclf-intcreet. The good of the 
public ia always pretcndud apon sneh occasiona, and may Bomo- 
times happen to be tacked Id their ovirn; but then it is purely ac. 
cidental.and was never originally intended. One huows not whil 
remedy to prescribe against bo epidemical and frequent a mala, 
dy, but only, that every man who has sense enough to discern 
the pitiful private views that attend most of the ihlferencea le- 
Iwean the great ones, instead of aiding or abetting cither party, 
would with an honest courage, heartily and openly oppose both, 


FAB. XVI. The Kite and the PigeonB. 

A Kite, who had kept sailing- in the air for many 
lUyi near a clove hou^c, and made a sloop at several 
Rgeons, but all to no purpose, (foe tliey were too 
nimble for him,) at last had recourse to stratagem; 
Did took his opportunity one day, to make a declara- 
tion lo ihem, in which he set forth his own jngl and 
good intentions, who had nothing more at heart, than 
the defeoce and protection of the Pigeons in ibeir an- 
cient ri^ta and liberties, and how concerned he was 
U their fears and jealoaaiea of a foreign invasion; es- 
pecially their unjust and unreasonable suspicions ot' 
himself, as if he intended, by force of arms, to break 
- in upon their constitution, and erect a tyrannical gov- 
ernment over them. To prevent all which, and tho- 
roughly to quiet their minds, he thought proper to 
propose (o them such terms of alliance and articles of 
peace, as might for ever cement a good understanding 
betwixt them; the principal of which was, that tbey 


should accept of him for their king, aiiH iiivesl hisi 
with oil kingly privilege and prerogative over them. 
The poor simple Pigeons consented; the Kite look 
the coronation oath atlter a very solemn manner, on 
his part, and the dovRS the oaths of allegiance and 
fidelity on theirs. But much time had not passed over 
their heads, before the good Kite pretended th^at it 
was part of his prerogative to devour a Pigeon when- 
ever he pleased. And this, he was not contented to 
do himself only, but instructed the rest of the royal 
family in the same kingly arts of government. The 
Pigeons, reduced to this miserable condition, said one 
to the other, Ah! we deserve no beller! Why did we 
let him cflmo in? 


What can this Fable be applied to, but the eiceeding bfind- 
nSBa and etupidity of that part of mankind, who wantonly and , 
^Lialily trust their native rigiit^ of liberty, without goad aeco- . 
rity; who often cliooee for guardians of their lives and fortunes, 
persons abandoned to llie most unsociable vices; and seldom . 
have any bettei eicuse for such an error in politics, than, that 
Ihey were deceived in their expectation; or never thoroughly ' 
knew Uie manners of their king, till he bad got them enlirelf ' 
into his power; which, however, is notoriously false, Ibr many, 
with Ihc doves in the Fable, are ea »illy, that they would admit , 
of a Kile, raliier than be witliout a king. The truth is, we ought 
not to incur tlie posfibility of being deceived in so important ■ 
matter as this; an unlimited power should not be trusted in tits , 
hands of any one, who is not endowed with ■ perfection more ' 

FAB. XVIi. The Man and Am tiro WivPB. 

A man, in ttmea when polygamy win allow ed had 
two wives; one of which, like himsell, had seen her 
bes( days, and was just as it were entering upon the 
declivity of life; but this, being an artful Tioman she 
eatirely concealed by her dress; by which and '^me 
other elegant qualities, she made a shifl someCinies to 
engage her husband's heart. The other was a beau 
tiful young creature of seventeen, whose charms as 
yet in the height of bloom, and secure of their own 
power, had no occasion to call in any artitice lo iheir 
assistance. She made the good man as happy as he 
WW capable of being, but was not, it seems, complete- 
ly so herself; the gray hairs, mist among the black, 
upon her husband's head, gave her some uneasiness, 
1^ proclaiming some great disparity of their years, 
wherefore, under colour of adjusting and combing hie 
head, she trould every now and then be twitching the 
lilver hairs with her nippers; that, however matters 


were, he might still have as few visible signs nf on 
advanced age as possible. The dame, whose years 
were nearer to an equality with his own, esteemed 
those grey locks as the honours of his hoad, and could 
have wished they had all been such: she thought it 
gave him a venerable look; at least, that it made hei 
appear something younger than him: so that every 
time the honest man's head fell into their hands, she 
took as much pains to estirpate the black hairs, aa 
the other had done to demolish the grey. They nei- 
ther of them knew of the other's design; but, each 
continued her project with repeated industry; the 
poor man, who thought their desire to oblige, put 
them upon this extraordinary ofHciousness in dress- 
ing his head, found himself, in a short time, without 
■ny hair at all. ■ 


PhiEdnia, whose seneo I havo gonenlly followed, in every Ih- 
Ue of which he has mwle a version, in his applicatian of this ii 
» little severe on the Indies; arxl tells ua, that by this eiaoipla 
W* may see the nien are sure to be loosera by the women; ae 
well when they aie the objecta of their love, aa while they lis 
Qoder their displeaeure. All that I shall add to what he hu 
■aid, is to observe, that many women may untbrtimatcly, out of 
apuro effect of Gomplatsance, do a thousajid disagreeable Ihingi 
to their husbands. They whose love is tutnparcd with a toto- 
table shoraof good sense, will be sure to have no separate views 
of their own, nor do any thing more immediately relating tu 
Ibeir hnsband, without consutling him first. In a married state 
one party should inform themselves certainly, and not be goea- 
nng and presiunuu' what will pleaae the other; and if a wifb 
Osas her husband like a friend only, the least she can do, is liral 
to corn mun teste to hirn all the important enterprises she un- 
dertakes, and those especially which she intends should be tbt 
bin lioDour and advontaga. 


A Sl*g roitseil out of hia thick cover in the midat 
rf the forest, and driven hard by the hounds, made 
towards a farm house, and seeing the door of an ox~ 
stall open, entered therein, and hid himself under a 
heap of straw. One of the oxen, turning his head 
aboat, asked him what he meant by venturing himself 
in such a place as that was, where he was sure to meet 
with hia doom. Ah) says the Stag, if you will be so 
eood as to favour me with your concealment, 1 hope 
I ^n do well enough ; I intend to make off again the 
finrt opportunity. Well, he staid there till towards 
night; ijt came the ox-man with a bundle of fodder, 
and never saw him. In sliort, all the servants o( the 
(arm cune and went, and not a soul of them smelt any 
thing of the tnnlter. Nny, the bailiff himself came, 
and looked in, but walked away no wiser than the rest. 
Upon Ihiit the Sing, ready to jump out of hit> skin for 


joy, began to return thnnka to the good natured uxen, 
protesting that they were tlic most obliging people he 
had ever met with in his life. After he had done bis 
compliments, one of them answered him gravely: In- 
deed we desire nothing more than to have it in oui 
power to contribute to your escape; but there ia a cer- 
tain person you little think of, who has a hundred eyes; 
if he should happen to come, 1 would not give this 
straw for your lifo. In the interim, home comea the 
master himself, from a neighbour's where he had been 
invited to dinner; and, because he had observed the 
cattle to look but scurvily of late, he went up to the 
rack, and asked why they did not give them more fod- 
der; then, casting his eyes downwards, Hey day, says 
he, why so sparing of your litter? pray scatter a little 
more here. And these cobwebs — but I have spoken 
80 often, that unless 1 do it myself — Thus, as he went 
on, prying into every thing, he chanced to look where 
the Stag's horns lay sticking out of the straw; upon 
which he raised a hue and cry, calling all his people 
about him, killed the poor Stag, and made a prize of 


The moral of this fable U, that nobody looks afler a man's af- 
liurB BO well ai himsolf. Servants being but hirelings, seldom 
have tlie true intercgt of the master at heart, but let tilings run 
on in a negligent constant disorder; and this generally, not so 
much lor want of capacity as honesty. Their heads ore taken 
Dp with the cultivation of their own private interest; lor the 
service and promotion of which, [hat of Iheir master is postpo- 
ned, and often entirely neglected. 

B'ew fomilijB are reduced to poverty and distress, merely by 
Iheir own extravagance and indulgence in luxury; the inatten- 
tion of servants swells every article of expense in domestic eco- 
nomy, and the retinue of great men, instead of eierling thdr 
Industry, to conduce as far as possible to Oie increase of thoir 
master's wealth, commonly eiorcise no other oilico than that 
of locusts and calerjiiltars to cmaumc and devour it. 

A lean bungr) half starved Wolf happened one 
moonsbin} □ ght to meet with ajoll) plump well 
fed Mastiff, and after the first compliments were paa- 
ted, flays the Wolf, jou look extremely well; I pro- 
fess, I think I nerer saw a more graceful, comely per- 
•on; but bow comes it about, I heseecb you, that you 
should live so much belter than 17 I may any, without 
vanity, that I venture SRy times more than you do,' 
■nd yet, I am almost ready to perish with hunger. 
Hie Dog ansivered very bluntly. Why you may live 
■s well, if you will do the same for it that 1 do. In> 
deed! What is that says he: Why, says the Dog, on- 
ly to guard the house at night, and keep it from 
thieves. With alt my heart, replies the Wolf: for al 
present I have but a sorry time of it; and I think, to 
change my hard lodging in the woods, where I en- 
dure rein, fror;t and snow, for a warm roof over my 
bead, and a belly full of good victuals, will be no bail 


faargfain. True, says the Dog, theiefore you have 
Bothing more to do but to follow me. Now as they 
were jogging on together, the Wolf spied a crease in 
the Dog's neck, an<l having a strange curiosity, could 
not forbear asking him what it meantt Pull! nothing 
Bays the Dog. Nay, but pray, says the Wolf, Why, 
■ays the Dog, if you must know, 1 am tied up in the 
day time, because I am a little fierce, for fear 1 should 
bite people, anil am only let loose a-nights. But this 
is done with a design to make me sleep a-days more 
than any thing else, and that I may watch the better 
in the night time; for as soon as ever the twilight ap- 
pears, out I am turned, and may go where I please. 
Then, my master brings me plates of bones from the 
table with bis own hands; and whatever scraps are left 
by any of the family, they fall to my share; for you 
must know I am a favourite with every body. So you 
see how you are to live — Come, come along, what is 
the matter with you? No, replied the Wolf, I beg your 
pardon; keep your happiness all to yourself. Liberty 
is the word with me; and 1 would not be a king upon 
the terms you mention. 


The lowest condition of lile, witli freedom attending it, is bel- 
ter tbun the most exalted BlatiDn under rcatTiilnl. ilHsop and 
Fhndtus who had both felt the bitter cfTccta of alaverf , thourli 
llic kttcr of Ihuin hud the good forlmiB to have ona of Iha 
mildest princei that ever wu, Ibr his nioeter. cannot forbear ta.. 
king all opportunities to ciprBss their great abhorrence ofacrvi- 
tode, and tbeir passion for lit}crtj, upon ouj terms wJiatsosTer. 
Indeed, a slate of slavery, with whatever seeming grandeur and 
happiness it may be attended, is yet bo precsrioui a thing, tliat 
tie must want scnw, honour, eourage. and all manner of viitoe. 
who can onditni to preler it in his choiee. A mui who has so 
little honour as to boor to be a slave, when it is in his power to 
prevent or redress it, would make no scruple to cut the thronta 
of his fellow-creatures, or do any wickedness that (he wantoa 
nnbtidled will of his tyrannical master ciiuld suggest. 


A Woir meeting a Lamb one day, in company nilh 
a Goat, Child, eaja he, you are mistaken; this is none 
oi your mother, she ia yonder, (pointing to a flock of 
diGvp at a distance.) It may be so. Bays the Lamb; 
the person that happened to conci^ive me, aii<l after- 
wardi bore me a few months in her belly because ebe 
could not help it, and then dropt me she did not care 
where, and left me to the wide world, is, I suppose, 
what you call my mother,' but 1 look upon this good 
charitiible Goat as such, that took compassion on me 
in my poor, helpless, destitute condition, and gave me 
tack; sparing it out of the mouths of her own kids, 
nther than I should want it. But sure, says he, you 
have a greater regard for her that gave you life than 
far any body else. She gave me life! I deny that. — 
She that could not so much as tell whether I should 
be black or while, had a great hand in giving mo life, 
to be sme! But supposing it were eo, I am miehlilp 


obliged to her, truly, for contriving lo let me be of 
the male kind, so that lam every day in danger of the 
butchei. What reason then have I to have a greater 
regard for one to whom I am so little indebted for 
any part of my being, than for those from whom I 
have received all the benevolence and kindness wl ' 
have hitherto supported me in life? 



e relative and reciproca.!. By all laws, natural aa 
well aa civil, it is eipected that the (Jareiite should cherish and 
provide br their child, till it ia able lo shill far itsclfi and thai 
the child, with a mutual Undemess, should depend upon the 
puent f<H' ita ■iut«nance, and yield it a reasonable obedience- 
Vet through the depravity of human nature, we very often see 
these laws violated, and the relationa before mentioned, treating 
one another with as much virulenee as enemies of different 
countries are capable of. Through the natural impatience and 
protervity of youth, we observe tho first occasion ibr any ani- 
moaity, most frequently arising from their aide; but, however, 
there are not wsjiting examples of undutifiil parents; and, when 
■ father by using a son ill, and denying him such on education, 

EVBH him occasion lo withdraw his respect from him; to urge 
■ begetting of him as the sole obhgation to duly, is talking 
like ■ ailly unthinkine dotard. Motual benevolence mual be 
kept up between relations, as well as friends; for, without this 

F.\B. XXI. The Peacock's Complaint 

Tlie Peacock presented a memorial lo Juno, impon- 
ing bow hardly he thought he was used in not having 
(Ogood a voice as the Nightingale: how that pretty 
animal was agreeable to every ear that heard it, while 
he was laughed at for hia ugly screaming noise, if he 
did but open his mouth. The goddess, concerned at 
the uneasiness of her favourite bird, answered him 
very kindly to this purpose. If the Nightingale is bleat 
nith a fine voice, you have the advantage in point of 
beauty and largeness of person. Ah! says he, but what 
■vails my silent unmeaning beauty, when 1 am so far 
excelled in voice! The goddess dismissed him, bid- 
ding him consider, that the properties of every creature 
were appointed by the decree of fate; to him beauty; 
Hreogth to the Eagle; to the Nightingale a voice of 
melody; the faculty of speech to the Parrot; and to the 
Dore innocence. That each of these was contented 
with its own peculiar quality; and unless he had b 
uind to be miserable, he must learn to bo so too 



Since nil UungH ifla Juno says) are fixed h; the eternal ind 
nnallemlile decree of lute, how ubsurd is it to licar people cnm- 
plaioing and tociaenliog themBL-lvea for that whicti it is iinp»- 
gible ever to obtain! tliej wlio are ambitious of haviog more 
good qnolities, since Ihut U iiupracticnble, ahoiild spare no painn 
to cuItiFBte aud recommend those they have^ which a BournesR 
and peevislmesB of temper, insteaci of improving, will certainly 
leBBCn and impair, whether they are of Iho mind or body; if wo 
had »]1 the desirable properties in the world, we could be bo 
more than easy and contenled with them; and if a man by u 
right way ofthinhing, can reconcile himself to his own cuidl- 
tien, whatever it be, he will Jiill little short of tlie most com- 
plets slate that murtal[! enjoy. 

FAB. XXII. The Fox and ike Gruiies. 

A Fo\, viTv liiiiigrj, I'hanced to come intoaiineyaril 
where there iiunjr buni'hes of charming ripe grapeSj 
but nailed up to a tretlis, so hig-h that he leapt til) hv 
quite tireil liimself, without facing able to reach one of 
them. At last, let who wil] take them, says he; Ihey 
are but sreen and sour; so 1 will even let ihem atone. 



lUs {Me ia a good ccprinuuid to a, puce I of vaJD coicomlw 

in the warld, who, because they would u 

hought to 

, ,(HDteil io an; of their pursuits, pretend a. diaJibi ^ 

thing which tbej cuiqot obtain. There 19 a ■tranga propansity 
■a mankind to this temper, and there are Dumbersorgruiiibiing 
laaleantents in efery diOerenl faculty and sect of life. The dia- 
cvded italaaman, considering tlie corruption of the time, would 
■Kit hava any hand in the adminiotralion of affairB Ibr all the world. 
The country aquire dams a court lite, and would not go cring- 
ing and creeping to a Ibr tJie beat place the king 
has in his diapiisal. A young; fellow being asked how he iiked a 
colebrsled beauty, by wliom alt the world knew he wan tlespis. 
ed. aiuwered, alie has a stinking breath. How inan9erable in the 
pride oTthis poor creature man! who would atoop to the boseat, 
vilest actions, rather than be tliought not able to do any thing. 
Fat what is more base and vile than lying? and when do we li» 
nan notoriously, than when we disparage and find fault with a 
Llitn^ Ibt no other reswin but because il is out of our powerl 

FAB. XXIiL The Viper awl tht Tile. 

flho p, iookeii uj> ajid 
1 tile, he^an 

knawing it as greedily as could be. The file U 
very gtulRy, that he had beat be quiet, and let him 
alone; for that he would get very little by nilibling at 
one, who, upon occasion, could bite iron and steel. 
By thia Fdblo we are cautioned lo conaider what any person 
ia befale vre make an attack upon liiia, after any laanner what- 
Boeverj particularly, how we let our tongues slip in censuring 
the actions of IhosB who are, in the opinion of the tvorld, not 
only of an unqiiestionable reputation, bo ttiat nobody will believe 
what we inwnuute against them; but of such an inSuenco, upon 
account of their own veracity, that the least word from them 
would ruin oui credit lo all intents and purpoBus. If wit be the 
case, and we haic a satirical vein, which at certain periods must 
have a fiow, let ua bo cautioua at whom we level it; for if the 
person's understanding ba of better proof than our own, all our 
insenioua rallies, like spirits squirted against the wind, will re- 
coil back upon our own faces, and malie as the ridicule of eve- 
ry spectator. Thia fdbiB, bceidcB, is not an improper emblem 
of envy; which, rather tban not bite at all, will tail foul where 

I \H '(MV The Fox and the Goat- 


been casting about a long while, to no puq)ose9 l^ow 
he should get out again; when, at last, a Goat came 
to the place, and wanting to drink, asked Reynard 
whether the water was good: good, says he; ay, so 
sweet that I am afraid that I have surfeited myself, 1 
have drank so abundantly. The Goat upon this, 
without any more ado, leaped in; and the Fox, ta- 
king the advantage of his horns, by the assistance of 
them as nimbly leapt out, leaving the poor Goat at 
the bottom of the well to shift for liimself. 


The doctrine taught us by this Fable is no more than thii^ 
chat we ought to consider who it is that advises us, before we 
IbUow the advice. For, however pUusible the cdbnsel may 
seem, if the person that gives it is a crafly knave, we may be 
assured that he intends to serve himself in it, more than us, if 
DOC to erect something to his own advantage out of our ruin. 

The lictle, poor country attorney, ready to starve, and sunk 
to the fewest depth of poverty, for want of emplojmient, by 
such arts as these, draws the 'squire his neighbour mto the 
gulph of the law; until, laying hold on the branches of his rev. 
enoe, be lifts himself out of obscurity, and leaves the other 
immnred in the bottom of a mortgage. 


FAB. XXV. Tfte Countryman and the Snake 

A Villager, in a frosty, snowy winter, found a anake 
tmder a hedge, almost dead with cold. He could not 
help having a compassion for the poor creature, so 
brought it home, and laid it upon the health near the 
fire; but it had not laid there long, before (being re- 
rived with the heat) it began to erect itself, and flying 
it hia wife and children, filled the whole cottage with 
dreadful biasings. The countryman hearing an out- 
cry, and perceiving what the matter was, catched up 
a oiattock, and soon dispatched him; upbraiding him 
at the same time in these words: is this, vile wretch, 
the return you make to him that saved your life) die 
aa you deserve, but a single death is too good for you. 


Il u the nature of ingratea to return evil for good; and the 
TDorolistB in nil ages have incessantly declaimed against Ihs 
enormity of liiis crime; concluding that Ihey who are capable 
of hurling their benefactors, are not Rt to live ' 


(00 we&k tu leitniii witliin Uia bountU of socictj. 

an of ingratitude u >a detestable, (hat none but the moBt in- 

tnuQui temper cui be guilty of it, bo, in writing to men, thsta 

it*eir. 01 disguadini- poople from the mmmiaiion of it. Tliere- 
foTE. it is not likely, that a person of iSsop'a BBgacitj would 
ha>e compited this lible, without hnving nomelhing else in 
Tiew, bcaidea lliis trite and obvious Bubjenl. He cGrtainl; in. 
teoded lo put OS in mind, that, aa none but a poor eilly clowa 
would go to lake up a make and cherish it, so wa ahull b« very 
negligent and ill-advised, if, in doing good oftices, vie da not 
ta^ care to bestow ooi benevolence upon propei objects. It 
was not at all ucaitural in the anake lo hiss, and brandish his 
tongue and Sy at the first that came near him; as soon at the 
neraoD that saved his life as any other, indeed more likely 
becaiise nobody else hod so much to da with him. Nor is il 
stnnge at any lime to see a reprohale fuel throwing his poison. 
ona language about and committing eilravagances, against 
those, more e«pecially, who are so inadTertenl as to concern 
tbemsclTci with him. The snake and the reprobate nill not 
^>peu extraordinary in their malcvoleiice; but the sensible 
part of mankind cannot help thinking those guilty of great in. 
diicrttioii who receive either of them into tlieir prolvcUuu. 

FAB. XXYl. The Moimlains .n Labour 

Tlie Mounlaina were said to be in labour, and al- 
tered most dreadAil groiuis. The people came to- 
gether, far and near, to see what birth would be pro- 
duced: and after they had wailed a considerable time 
in expectation, out crept >> mouae. 


Gres.t cry and tittle wooJ, in the Englith proverbi the scene 
of wliich bears lui eiact proporlion to this Fable. By which 
UB eipoaed, all fhoae who proraiaB Bomething eioeeding great, 
■ ... IT- —1.1 J — ■__ --diculously little. Projectora 

with the recital of this fable. How agreeably surprising it is to 
«ee an unpromising favourite, whom the caprics of fbrtune has 
daced at the helm of state, serving the (Jommon wealth with 
lOsticB and integrity, instead of amolhering and onibciz,1uig th« 
public Ireaetuc to his own private ind wicked ends! and on 
tha contrary, how melancholy, how dreadful! i 

^30PS FABLES. s; 

ei people'! expecUIkna cf him ta Ine hightwl pilch, »■ aooa 
*« ba u got iiilo power exerting Itin whole art snd cunning to 
«m and enslave hi» counlrv! the Minguine iiopei of gll Uiou 
that wish weU to TJrtna.aDa flattcrGd Ihennelven with a reronna. 
Iioa oT etery thing that opposed the well-beins of the cuiimiii- 
«ttT, nmish away in smoke, and are loet in Ihe dark, gloomy, 
oncooifbrlable proapegL 

r\B XWn r/w ih and the \n< 


One day there happened eome words between the 
ant and Ihe fly about precedency, and the point was ar- 
pied with great u-armth and eagerness on both sides. 
Says the fly, it h well known what my pretensions are, 
and how justly they are grounded; there is never a sa- 
crifice that is offered, but I always taste of the entrails, 
e»en before the gods themselies. I have one of the 
uppermosl peats at church, and fre<i«ent the allar as 
often aa any body; I have a. free admission at court; 
tcul can never want the king-'a ear, for I sometimes sit 
Bpon his shoulder. There is not a maid of Imnour, 
or handsome younsr creature comes in my way, but if 


Hike her,lsettlebelwixtherbalmy lips- And theo I 
nat and drink the best of every thing, without having 
any occHsioii to work for my living. What ia then 
that such country pusses as yuu enjoy, to be compa- 
red with a life like this? The Ant, who by this timr 
had composed herself, replied with a great deal of tenii 
per, and no less severity: Indeed, to be a guest at aa 
entertainment of the gods, is a very great honour, if 
one is invited; but I should not care to be a disagree- 
able intruder any where. You talk of the king and tiK 
court, and the fine ladies there, with great familiarityj 
but, as 1 have been getting in my harvest in summer, 
1 have seen a certain person, under the town walls, 
making a hearty meal upon something that is not ae 
proper to be mentioned. As to your frequenting th« 
altars, you arc in the right to take sanctuary when 
you are like to meet with the least disturbance- But 
I have known people, before now, run to altars, ani 
call it devotion, when they have been shut out of ol] 
good company, and had no where else lo go- You da 
not work for your living you say; true; therefore when 
you have played away the summer, and winter comes, 
you have nothing lo Uve upon: and, while you are statT> 
ing with cold and hunger 1 have a good warm houM 
1, and plenty of provisions about me- 
This Fable polntB out to ub the difTi^rent chBTacters of tboM 

borrowed lightej uid of those whose real merit procures them ■ 
good esteem wherever they go. Poverty and folly hiving, al 

him an object of pity, if not of contempt; but, when an empM 
9oncetled pride happens lo be joined with Ihem, they render tM 
creature in wham thej meet, at the same time despicable tnd 
ridiculous. Ono who oHen attends al court, not because he hM 
le he has not, should riOt value himself upon hii 
condition. They who go lo church out of vanity and curioaitK 
uid not lor pure devotion, should not value themselves upoB 


Lheir religion; for it ia d 
lime peon; ordiuarr, i 


it (Lt a 

, should n 

:r of their dinner or compBii j. In sliort, nnbodj ia k 
better gaotlemin Ihon ho whose honest industry suppliee him 
irhh a plenty of all necesaartes, who are so well Bj»|iiainted wit!) 
bonoar as never to say or do a mean unjuet thing, and who de- 
tpiMS ta Mb scoundrel, but knows how lo esteem men of his 
own principle*. Such a one is a person of the first qoalitj, 
though he has never a title, and ought to take place of every 

FAB. XXVIIl. The Old Hound. 

An old Hound, who had been an excellent good one 
in his lime, and given his master great sport and sa- 
liifiction in many a cboce, at last, by the eflcct of 
jeara, became feeble and unserx'iceable. However, 
being in the field one day, when the Slag was almost 
nui down, he happened to be the first that came in 
with him, and scixed liim by one of his liaunchra; hut 
his decayed and broken teeth not being able lo keep 
their hold, the deer escaped and threw him quite out. 


Upon which nis masier being in a great passion and 
going lo strike him, the hotiest old creature is said to 
have barked out this apology: ah! do not strike your 
poor old servant; it is not my heart and inclination, 
but my strength and speed that fall me. If what I now 
am, displeases, pray do not forget what I have been. 


Thia applicBtioQ may serve lo give ub a genural view of the 
incratiluilB of the gireatest |iart of mankind. Notwilliatai ding 
ttlTtliB civilitj' and complacency that is nsed among people 
where Ihora u a common inleroourso of buflineBB, jel let the 
main Bpring, the probability of their being serviceable to each 
other, either id point of pleaeure or prolit, be but once broken, 
uid fkrawoU «iurteBy; ao far from continuing any regard in bo- 
half of paat favonra, that it is very well if Diey farbeoi doing 
■nj thing that is injarioua. If the master had only cesaed lo 
corcas and make much of the old liound when he was past do- 
ing any service, it had not been very atrao^; but to treat a 
poor creature ill, not for a failure of incUnatiun, but nierol; a 
defect of nature, must, notwithstanding the crowd of examples 
there ate lo countunance it, be pronounced inhumiQ and on. 

There are two (ccounts npon which people that have been 
useful are frequently neglected. One, when they are ao de- 
cayed, either through age or some accident, that they are no 
kmget able to do the aervicea they have formerly done; the 
other, when the occaiioo of emergency, which required such 
talents, no longer exists. Phsdrus, who more than once com 
plains of the bad consequences of age, makes no other applica. 
' tion lo this fable, than by telling his friend Philctus, witli some 
regret, that he wrote it with such a view; having, it seems, been 
repaid with neglect or worse usage, f<ir acivices done in hi> 
yatith to those who were then aue to afford him ■ bettr^i re 

FAB. XXIX. The Sick Kit. 

A Kite bad been sick a long time, and finding there 
were DO hopes tif recovery, begged of his moilier to 
go to all the churches and religious houses in the 
coantry, to try what promises and prayers would ef- 
fect in bis behalf. The old Kite replied, indeed, dear 
ton, i would willingly undertake any thing to save 
your life, but 1 have great remon to despair of doing 
you any service in the way you propose' for, with 
what face can I ask any thing of the gods in favour of 
one, whose whole life has been a continued scene of 
[■[noe and injusiice, and who has not scrupled, upon 
uccaflton, to rob the very altars ihemselves? 
The rriMamI of thi* futile almost unavoidably ilrawu our atr 
tml6im to that very senoua and iniporlanl point. Uie cooaideiir 
tlaa of k dealli-bed rapcnlancA. And toexpoie thealtsurdil)' of 
nlf Ib| opon (och ■ weak faundatioii. weneedoniv aik the hum 
^jMMion wilh the kite in Uxe fable; how can he ifiit has, offend. 
M the goi* all hii lift-time by doing sets of iliihonour Biid in. 

Ts jEsof-s fables. 

justice, expect Ihat the; iliauld be p]eB«ed with liiin at lint, far 
DO other reBSon, but becauso he Tears ha ehiill not be able to 
kffind them any longer T when, in [ruth such a repentance can 
lignifj notbinj; but aconlirniBtionof hia Rirmer impudence and 
folly; for Bore no Btupidity am eiceod that of the man who o.i. 
pecti a future judgment, and yet can bear lo commit any pieces 
of injustice with a aoose and deliberation of the fact. 

FAB. XXX. Tit! Hares and the Frou*. 

B Upon a great storm of wind that blew among the 

I trees and bushes, and made a rustling in tlie leaves, 

I the hares (in a certain park where there happened tu 

M be plenty of ihem) were so terribly frightened, thai 

H they ran like mad all over the place, resolving to seek 

H out some retreat of more security, or to end their un- 

H happy days by doing violence to themselves. With 

I this resolution they found an outlet, where a pale had 

I been broken down; and boiling forth upon an adjoin- 

U ing common, had not nin far before the course was 

■^ etopt by that of a gentle brook which glided across 


the way they intended to tahe. This was so grievaua s 
disappointment, that they were not able to bear it, 
and they determined rather to throw themaelvea head, 
long into the water, let what would come of it, than 
lead a life so full of dangers and crosses. But upon 
their coming to the Lrink of the river, a parcel of 
Proga which were sitting there, frightened at their 
approach, leapt into the stream in great confusion, 
and dived lo the very bottom for fear; which u cun- 
ning old Puss observing, called to the rest and said, 
Hold, have a care what ye do; here are other crea- 
tures, I perceive, which have their fears as welt as 
we; do not then let us fancy ourselves the most mise- 
rable of any upon earth; but ralher, by their example, 
learn lo bear patiently those inconveniences which 
onr nature has thrown upon us. 

Thit (kbte is doaigned to show 119 liow unrcasoniblc maay 
(leopla are, lor living in aoch continued fenra and disquiets 
iboattlieiaiserablenens of their coaditioD. Th»rs is hiirdly any 
AkEc of tif^ great enough to Batiafy the wisheB of an Bjiibitious 
mui, and acirce any eo mean, but may supply ill llie neceahs- 
rie« of him that ia moderate. But if people witl be to unwise 
u lo work iheinMlves up to imaginary misfortunu, why do thsy 
{nunble at nature and their alara, when their own perverse 
minds are only to blame! If we are to conclude ourselves un- 
happy by as many degrees as tliere are olliers greater than we, 
why then the greatest part of majikind must be miserable, in 
■ooie degree at least. But, if they who repine at thoir <iwn af- 
flicted condition, would reckon uji how many more tliere are 
iriih whom iJiey would not change cases, than whose pleasure 
they envy, they would certainly rioe up better sutisficd from 
»wi ■ oonclmion. But what shall we say to those who have a 
viy of creating themselves panics, from the rustling of Ihe wind, 
the ■crslching of a rat or mouse behind the han^ngs, the llul- 
lering of ■ moth, or the motion of Iheii own shadow hy nioon- 
li^lf (heir own life is as full of alarms as Ilist of a Uarp, aiid 
&j never think Ihemielrea so happy as when, like tlir limor- 
mMfollcaiDtherahU, they meet with niat of creature* ulear- 
fnl u thfmaelTS, 

FAB. XXXI. The Lion and the Mouse. 

A Lion, faint with heat, a d Tea y v th hun n^. 
W83 laid down lo take Lis repose under the spreal n, 
bouglia of a thick shady oak. It happpned hat wh le 
he slept, a conipanj of scrambl ng rn ce ran ove h a 
back and waked him. Upon w\ rh s art ng up he 
clapped his paw u^on one of them and waajust gu- 
lag to put it to death, when tie I (tie suppl ant m- 
plored his mercy in a very niov ng i lanner begg ng 
him not to stain his noble charac er w th the blood ot 
an despicable and small a beast. The Lion, consider- 
ing the matter, thought proper to do as he was desir- 
ed, aiii] immedialely released hia little trembling pri- 
soner. Not long after, traversing the forest in pur- 
suit of prey, he chanced to run into ihe toils of the 
hunters, from whence, not able to disengage himself, 
he set up a most hideout and loud roar. The Mouse 
hearing the voice, and knowing it to be the Lion's 

.fiSOP'S FABLES. 75 

immediately repaired to the place and bid him fear 
nothing, for that he was his friend. Then straight 
he fell to work, and with his little sharp teeth gnaw- 
ing asunder the knots and fastenings of th« toUd^ set 
the royal brute at liberty. 


This &ble gives us to understand, that there is no person 
in the world so little, but even the greatest may, at some 
time or other, stand in need of his assistance ; and conse- 
quently that it is good to use clemency, where there is any 
room for it, towards those who &11 in our power. A gen- 
erosity of this kind is a handsome virtue, and looks very 
graceful whenever it is exerted, if there were nothing else 
in it ; but as the lowest people in life may, upon occasion, 
have it in their power either to serve or hurt us, that 
makes it our duty, in point of common interest, to behave 
ourselves with good nature and lenity towards all with 
whom we have to do. Then the gratitude of the mouse, 
and hia readiuess, not only to repay, but even to exceed 
the obligation due to bis benefiictor, notwithstanding his 
little body, gives us a specimen of a great soul, which is 
never so much delighted as with an opportunity of show- 
ing how sensible it ia of finvoura received. 

FAB. XXXIL The Fatal Marriage. 

The lion aforesaid, touched with the grateful pro- 
cedure of the Mouse, and resolved not to be outdone 
in generosity by any wild beaat whatever, desired his 
little deliverer to name his own terms, for that he 
might depend upon hia complying with any proposal 
he should make. Tlie Mouse, fired with ambition at 
this gracious offer, did not so much consider what 
was proper for him to have, as what was in the 
power of bis prince to grant: and so, presumptuously 
demanded his princely daughter, the young Lioness, 
in marriage. The Lion consented. But when he 
would have given the royal virgin into his possession, 
she, like a giddy thing as she was, not minding how 
she walked, by chance set her paw upon her spouse, 
who was coming to meet her, and crushed her little 
dear to pieces. 



This fkble seems intended to iihow us how miserable some 
people make themselves by a wrong choice, when they have all 
tbe good thincs in the world spread before them to chooso out 
oC In short, if that one particular of judgment be wanting, it 
is not in the power of the greatest monarch upon earth, nor of 
tbe repeated smiles of fortune, to make us happy. It is the want 
or possession of a good judgment, which oilen times makes the 
prince a poor wretch, and the poor philosopher completely easy. 
Now, the first and top degree of judgment is to know one s 
self; to be able to make a tolerable estimate of one^s own ca- 
pacity, so as not to speak or imdertake any thing which mav 
either injure or make us ridiculous, and yet (as wonderful as it 
is) there have been men of allowed good sense in particular, 
and possessed of all desirable qualifications in genersil, to make 
life delightful and agreeable, who hav^ unhappily contrived to 
match tnemselves with a woman of genius and temper necessa- 
rily tending to blast their peace. This proceeds from some 
unaccountable blindness. But, when the wealthy plebeians of 
mean extractions, and unrefined educations, as an equivalent 
ibr their money, demand bribes out of the nurseries of our peer- 
age, their being despised, or at least overlooked, is so unavoid- 
uie, unless in extraordinary cases, that nothing but a false 
taste of glory, could make them enter upon a scheme so incou« 
•istent and unpromising. 



F\B. XXXm. The Wood and the < lown 

A Country fellow came one daj luto the u ood, and 
looked about turn with some concern, upon which the 
trees, nith a ciinositT natural to bome other crea- 
lures, asked him what he wanted? He replied, that 
he wanted only a piece of wood to make a handle to 
his hatchet. Since that was all, it was loled unani- 
mously that he should hare a. piece of good, sound, 
tough ash. But he had no sooner received and fitted 
it for his purpose, than he began to lay about him un- 
mercifully, and to hack and hew without distinction, 
felling the noblest trees in all the forest. Then the 
oak is said to have spoken thus to the beech, in a low 
whisper, Brother, wo must take it for our pains. 

No people nrc more justly liable to luffcr than Ihoee who fiir. 
lUBh their enemies with any kind of pseistiuice. It in generoui 
to fbrjrive, it is enjoined on aa by religtun to love our enemiei: 
but he tliat [rusts, mucli more contributes U> the stronglheninp 



■nd amiiDg uf an CDCrny, may ilmovt depend upon repealing 
Um of bis ioadverleiil benevolence: snd hia iiioreoVHi thia to 
■dd lohii dislien; Ihal nhcn he might liave prevented it he 
biaught bis misibrlunea upon birasell', by his own credulity. 

Any person la a comnmuity, by ffhal name or title mxvcT 
diitin|7nahcd, who ullbctii a power which miiy fiosiibly hurt Iho 
puaiiE, B ID cneniy to that people, uul therefore tliey onght 
«otlo trust him; kit though liuwern everKi fully detormtnod not 
to ibiue luch a power, yet he is bo &r a bad nian, ns he dinlurbs 
the people's quiot, and makes them jealous mui uouosy, by de. 
tiring lo huxe il, or even retaining it, when it may prove mis. 
chionMs. If we cossnlt hietor^ , we shall hnd tl^t the thing 
called PreTogaline, has been claimed and contended for chieily 

!._ .. 1 ; J_J . i._ j^goj^ „gg gf jf. g„J ^ 

Ims slocki do Ihey act, wlu, by complimenting some capricious 
oiortal, Iro^u time to tintei v th pa eels ot p e ogat ve at las 
put il oM of tkoir power Lo delcnd and aiai la n themselvEH 
« iheir just utd nitural 1 hu't) 

FAB. XXXl^ rhe Horse a I t/ '>ug 

The Siiig with Ills sharp horns, got tlic bi-Uet ,if 

80 £30F'3 FABLES. 

the horse, and drove him clear out of the pasture 
vbere they used to feed together. So the latter cra- 
ved the assistance of man; and, in order Co. receive the 
benefit of it, suffered him to put a bridle into his mouth, 
and a saddle upon his back. By this way of proceed- 
ing, he entirely defeated his enemy: but was mightily 
disappoinled, tvhen, upon returning (hanks, and desi- 
ring to be dismissed, he received this answer: No, I 
never knew before how useful a drudge you were; now 
I have found what you are good for, you may depend 
upon it 1 will keep you to it. 


As llie roregoing fabls was intended Ip caution ua agajiul 
COiucntiag lo an; thing tiiB.t might prejudice public liberty, 
IhU may Berva to keep us upon our guard in the preservation 
of tliat which JB of u private nature. This is the use and inter- 
pretation given of it by Horace, the beat and most polite philoso. 
phci that wrote. Alter reciting the fable, hs applies it Ihm; 
thie, 8BJS he, is the ease of him, who, dreading poverty, parts 
with that invaluable jewi'I, liberty: like a wretch as he is, he 
will always be RUbjecl lo a tyrant of some sort or other, and be 
' ' I spirit knew not how tt 


FAB XXXV TftfCounlnMoii-PDndrteCitv Mouse. 


An honest, plain, sf ni^ihtp connlrv mouse, js ksk] to 
have enleHained at lim hole, one da> , a fine mouie oi 
the town. Having formerly been play-fellowB together 
Ibcj were old acquaintance, which served as an apolo- 
gy for the visit. However, as master of the house, 
he thought himself obli^d to do the honours of it, in 
all respects, and to tnake as great a stranger of his 
guest as he possibly could. In order to this, he set be- 
fore him H reserve of delicate grey pens and bacon, a 
dish of fine oatmeal, some parings rf new cheese, and 
to crown all with a dessert, a remnant of a ctinrming 
mellow apple. In good manners, he forbore to eat any 
himself, lest the stranger should not have enough; but 
ibat he might seem to bear the other company, sat 
■od nibbled a piece of wheaten-straw very busily. — 
At Ittsi, says the spark of the town, old crony, give 
me leste to be a lillle free with your How can you 


bear to Yive in this nasty, dirty, melancholy hole herc^ 
with nothing but woods, and mca<iows, and mounlaing, 
and rivulets a.bout youT do not you prefer the conver- 
sation of the world lo the chirping of birds, and the 
splendour of a court to the rude aspect of an unculti- 
vated deserti Come, take my word for it you will find 
it a change for the better. Never stand considering 
but away this moment. Remember, we are not im- 
mortal, and therefore have no time to lose. Make sure 
of to-day, and spend it aa agreeable as you can; you 
know not what may happen to-morrow. In Btaort, 
these and such like arguments prevailed, and his 
country acquaintance was resolved to go to town that 
night. So they both set out upon their journey toge- 
ther, proposing to aneak in afttir the close of the even. 
ing. They did so; and about midnight, made their 
entry into a certain great house, where there had been 
an extraordinary entertainment the day before, and 
several tit-bits, which some of the servants had pur- 
loined, were hid under the seat of a window; the coun- 
try guest was immediately placed in the midst of a 
rich Persian carpet; and now it was the Courtier's 
turn to entertain, who indeed acquitted himself in thai 
capacity with the utmost readiness and address, chang- 
ing the courses as elegantly, and tasting every thing 
first as judiciously as any clerk of the kitchen. The 
other sat and enjoyed himself like a delighted epicure, 
tickled to the last degree with this new turn of his af- 
fairs; when on a sudden, a noise of somebody opening 
the door made them start from their seals, and scuttle in 
confusion about the dining room. Our country friend, 
in particular, was ready to die with fear at the bark- 
ing of a huge mastifi* or two, which opened their 
thioata just aliout the same time, and made the whole 
bouse echo. At last recovering himself, Well, says 
be, if this he your town-life, much good may you do 


with it: Give me my poor quiet hole again, wilh my 
bomely but comfortable RTeen peas. 


A moderate Ibrtane with a iguiet retirument in Uie eounlry, ii 
prefenble to the greatest affluence which is attended with caie 
and the perplexity of bUBinen, inseparable from the noiae 
and hurry of the town. The practice of the goneralily of peo- 
ple of tlie teal taate, il ia to be owned, is directly agnjnst ub in 
this points IkiI, when it U considered that this practice of theirs 
proceeds ntliei from a compliance with the fashion of the times, 
Ihaa their own private thouehtn, the ohjeetion is of no force. 
Amon^ Ihe great numbers of meo who have received a learned 
•docatum, how lew are there but either have llieir fortunes en- 
tirely to malie; or, at leant think they deserve lo haic, and ought 
net la kwe the Of^rtunity of getting- somewhat more than 
timi falfaers have lefl them. The town is tlic Geld of action 
tn ToIiiDteera of this kind; and whatever fondness I)iey may 
have for the country, yet Ihey must stay tilt their circumetances 
will admit of a retreat thither. But sure there never ivasa man 
ret, who lived In a constant return of Iroubte and fatigue in 
town, M all men of businesa do in some degree or other, but 
ha* Ibniied la himself some end of getting aome sufficient com- 
petency, which may enable hiiu to purchase a quiet posBession 
ui the country, where he may indulge his genius, and give up 
his old age to that eaay smooth liiir, which in the tempest of 
baainess, he had ao often kmged lor. (Ton any thing argue more 
•trongly for a country life, than to observe what a Jong course 
of latoor people go tiirough, and what dillicutties they encoun- 
ter lo come at it? liicy look upon it, at a diBtance, like a kind of 
heaven, a place of rest and happinesBj and are pushing forward 
through tOe rugged thorny cares of the ivorld, lo make their 
way (awards it. If there are many, who though born tfl plcnti- 
fid fbrtone, yet live most part of their time in the noise, the 
noake and hurry of the town, we shall find, upon inquiry, Uial 
■MOHary indispensable busineas is Uie real or pretended plea 
■hidi most of them have to make ibr iL The court and the 
WHS 1 1 require the attendance of some: law suits, and the pro- 
per directioD of trade engage others; they who have a sprightly 
wit, and an elegant taate for conversation, will resort to tmi 
place which is frequented by people of the same turn, whatever 
•renian ihey may otherwise have for it; and others, who have 
an sneh pretence, have yet tliis to say, tliey follow Ihe rashiou. 



Thej whu appear to bave been men of ti>e beat sense amongil 
UiB ancients, ilwajs recoiiiinand the country as'Jio mimt [iroper 
»cene for innocence, ease, and virtuous pleasure; and, accord- 
>^giy> lost no opportunities af enjoying il; and men of the great- 
eat distinction among the moderns, liave ever thought them- 
"' t happy, nhcn they could be decently spared fiom 

oooDtrj lift- 

The Mouse and the Wcaael. 

A little, slarvecl, thin-gutted rogue of a Mouse, had 
with much pushing and application, made his way 
through a. atnull hole itito a corn-basket, where he 
stulTed and crammed so pjentifull;, thiit when he 
would have retired the way he came, he found hiniself 
too plump, with all his endeavours, to accomplish it. 
A Weasel, who slood at some distance, and had been 
diverting himself with beholding the vain efforts of 
the little fat thing, called to bjm and said: hark ye, 


honest friend, if you have a mind to make your es- 
cape, there is but one way for it; contrive to grow as 
poor and as lean as you were when you entered, and 
then, perhaps, you may get off. 


They who, from a poor mean condition, insinuate themselves 
into a good estate, are not always the most happy. There is, 
many times, a quiet and content attending a low life, to which 
a rich man is an utter stranger. Riches and cares are almost 
inseparable; and whoever would get rid of the one, must con- 
tent himself to be divested of the other. He that has been ac- 
quainted with the sweets of life, free from the incumbrance of 
wealth, and longs to enjoy them again, must strip himself ol 
that incumbrance, if ever he means to attain his wishes. 

Some, from creeping into the lowest station of life, have, in 
process of time, filled the greatest places in it; and grown so 
bulky by pursuing their insatiate appetite afler money, tliat 
when they would have retired, they found themselves too opu- 
lent and full to get off. There has been no expedient for them 
to creep oat, till they were squeezed and reduced in some mea. 
lore, to their primitive littleness. They that fill themselves 
with that which is the property of others, should always be so 
MTved befiire they are suffersd to escape. 



FAB. XXXVU. The Belly and the Meiiibera. 

In former Jays, when the Belly and the otber parts 
of thebody enjoyed the faculty of speech, they had sepa- 
rate views and designs of their own: each part it 
seems in particular for himself, and in the name of the 
whole, took exceptions at the conduct of the Belly, 
and were resolved to grant him supplies no longer. 
They said they thought it very hard, that he ahou'id 
lead an idle good-for-nothing life, spending and squan- 
dering away, upon his own ungodly guts, all the fruits 
of their labour; and that, in short, they were resolved 
for the future, to strike ofT his allowance, and let him 
Bbift for himself as well as he could. The hands pro- 
tested they would not lift up a finger to keep him from 
fltarving; and the mouth wished he might never speak 
again, if he took in the least bit of nourishment for 
him as long as he lived; and, say the teeth, may we 
be rotted, if ever we chew a morsel for him for the 


future. This solemn league and covenant was kept 
as long as any thing of that kind can be kept, which 
was, until each of the rebel members pined away to 
skin and bone, and could hold out no longer. Then 
they found there was no doing without the belly, and 
that, as idle and insignificant as he seemed, he con< 
tributed as much to the maintenance and welfare of 
all the other parts, as they did to his. 


This (able was spoken by Meninius Agrippa, a famous Ro* 
man Consul and General, when he was deputed by the Senate 
to appease a dangerous tumult and insurrection of the people. 
The many wars that nation was engaged in, and the frequent 
supplies they were obligfed to raise, had so soured and inflamed 
the minds of the populace, that they were resolved to endure 
it DO l<nigcr, and obstinately refused to pay the taxes which 
were levied upon them. It is easy to discern how the great man 
applied this fable. For if the branches and members of a com- 
nmnity refuse the government that aid which its necessaries 
require, the whole must perish together. The rulers of a state, 
■s idle and insignificant as they may sometimes seem, are yet as 
necessary to be kept up and maintained in a proper and decent 
grandeur, as the family of each private person is, in a condition 
roitable to itself. Every man*s enjoyment of that little wliicb 
be gains by his daily labour, depends upon the government's 
being maintamed in a condition to defend and secure him in It. 


FAB. XXXVm, The Urk and lur \oungOies 

A Lark, who had young' ones in a field of corn which 
was almost ripe, was under some fear lest the reapers 
should come to reap il before the young brood were 
fledged, and able to remove from the place: where- 
fore upon flying abroad to look for food, she lefl this 
charge with them, that they should take notice what 
they heard talked of in her absence, and tell her of it 
when she came back again. When she was gone they 
heard the owner of the corn call lo his son. Well, says 
he, I think this corn is ripe enough; I would have you 
go early to-morrow, and desire our friends and neigh> 
hours to come and help us to reap it. When the old 
Lark came home, the young ones fell a quivering and 
chirping round her, and told her what had happened, 
begging her to remove them as fast as she could. "Hie 
mother bid them be easy; for, says she, if the owner 
depends upon friends and neighbours, [ am pretty sure 

Ihe com will nol be reaped to-morrow. 

it out again upon the si 



Next day she 
and tcft Ihe 
same ordera with them as before. The owner camo 
uiil stayed, expecting those he had sent to; but the 
sun grew hoi, and nothing was done, for not a sout 
came to help him. Then saya he to his sons, I per 
ceive these friends of ours are not lo be depended 
upon, so that you must even go to your uncles and cou- 
sins, and tell them I desire they would he here betimes 
to-morrow morning lo help us reap. Well, this the 
young ones, in a great fright also reported lo their 
mother. If that be all, says she, do not be frightened, 
children, for kindred and relations do not use lo be 
so very forward lo serve one another; but take parti- 
cular notice what you hear said next time, and be sure 
you let me know it. She went abroad (he next day aa 
asual; and ihe owner finding his relalioiis as slack as 
the rest of his neighbours, said to his son, hark ye 
George, do you get a couple of good sickles ready 
igainst to-morrow morning, and we will even reap 
Ihe corn ourselves. When the young ones told Iheir 
mother this, then, says she, we must be gone indeed; 
for, when a man undertakes IcTdo his business himself, 
it is not so likely (hat he will be disappointed. So she 
removed her young ones immediately, and the corn 
wu reaped the next day by the good man and his son. 

NcTar depend upon the siaiataiice offriendB and ralalioas ia 
anv ibiag which you are able to dn yDurself; fur natliing is mors 
fickle and uncertain. The man wno rclifs upon (he other fbr 
die eiccution of any affair of importance, is not only kept in a 
wretched and alaviih auapenac, while ho eipecla Iho imsup of Ihe 
maUer, but generally meeti with a diuppoindncnL Wliile he 
»ha Liya Ihe chief ilrcaa of his buBiness upon iilmaelf, and de- 

Cib upon hia own induatrf and altention for the aucccia of 
tflairn, ia in the Teircal way (o attain his end; and, irnt laal he 
mid iiiiaearry. has this lo comibrt him, Ihul it was not through 


hii own ncglijf LDce, njid a. vain eipcolation of tlie usiBlauce oT 
Irienda. 'I'o sUmd by ourBelvea as iiiucli as poesible, to eiert 
out own streugtJi aiid vigilante in the pioseuulion of uur aSkiis, 
u god-Iikei being Ibe result of a. most noble aud highly exalted 
reason; but they who pracroBtinate and dclfer [he buaiiieoa of 
lite by an idle depcndenco upon otbers, in things which it is in 
Iheir own power to etl'ect, bUik down into a kind of stupid ab- 
ject ilavery, and sIidw Ihemsclves unwoctljy of llie talents with 
which Jiuiuan oBture is dignihcd 

F4B \VM\ fhe Nurao and the Wolf. 

A Nurse who wob endeavouring; to quiet a frowanl 
bawling' child, among other atlempls, threatened to 
throw it out of doors to the Wolf, if it did not leave off 
crying. A Wolf, who chanced to be prowling near 
the door, just at that time, heard the expression, and 
believing the woman to be in earnuBt, «-a!fed a long 
while about the house in expectation of seeing her 
>rords made good. But at last the child, wearied 
with its own importunities, fell asleep, and the poor 
wolf was forced to return back, to the wood; emptj 



and supperless. The fox meeting him, and surprised 
to see him going home so thin and disconsolate, ask- 
ed him what was the matter, and how be came to 
speed no better that night? Ah! do not ask me, says 
be: I was so silly as to believe what the nurse said, 
and have been disappointed. 


All the moralists have agreed to interpret this fable as a can- 
tioQ to us never to trust a woman. What reasons they could 
have for giving so rough and uncourtly a precept, is not easy to 
be imagined; for however fickle and unstable some women may 
be, it is well known there are some who have a greater regard 
fi>r truth in what they assert or promise, than most men. There 
is not room, in so short a compass, to express a due concern for 
the honour of the ladies upon this occasion, nor to show how 
much one is disposed to vindicate them; and though there is 
nothing bad which can be said of them, but may with equal 
justice be averred of the other sex; yet one would not venture 
to give them quite so absolute a precaution as the old mytholo- 
f ists have affixed to this fiible, but only advise them to consider 
wen and thoroiighly of the matter before they trust any man 

The Tortoise, weary of his condition, by whioli he 
was confinet! lo creep upon the ground, and being 
amhitioii3 to have a. prospect, and look abont him, 
gave out, that if any bird would take him up into the 
air, and show him the world, he would reward him 
with a discovery of many precious stones, which he 
knew were hidden in a certain place of the earth; tne 
Eagle undertook to do as he desired; and when he 
had performed his commission, demanded the reward. 
But finding the Tortoise could not make good hia 
word, he stuck his talons into the sofler part of hie 
body, and made him a sacrifice to his revenge. 

As nisnor honour ought to canaider cnlmly haw Tar the Ihxngg 
which tlicy promise may be In their powor before tliBy venluu 
to make promiics upon thU account, because tlia non-perfbriD' 
■Dco of them will be apt lo excite unsasine^B within Ihem- 
■elves, lurnisli their reputation in the eyes of other people; 

n> tlra cowudi ihould be as little iseli in tt 

bio, lest their impudent forgciics druw upon Ihemaelves the rs. 
■entmcnt of tbose whom Ihoj disappoint, and that resentment 
DuliEi Ihem UDdei^ i amart, but deaerrcd chaatisemenL The 
man who it *o stupid a knave as to make a lying promitw! where 
he ii Bure to be delactcd, receives tlie punishment of bis follj 
nnpitied by all that know him, 

FAB. XLI. The Wind and the Sun. 

A dispute once arose betwixt the North wind and 
the Sun, about the superiority of their power; and 
ihcT agreed to try their strength upon a traveller, 
which should be able to get his cloak off first. Tho 
North wind began and blew a very cold blast, accnm- 
panied with a sharp driving shower. But this and 
wbnlever else he could do, instead of making ihc man 
<]mt his cloak, obliged him to gird it about his body 
ucloae 03 possible. Next came the Sun, and break- 
inv out from a thick watery cloud, drove away the 
cold vapours from iho sky, and darted his warm sui- 
trr beams upon the head of the poor weather-beaten 





traveller. The man giowa faint with tbe heat, and 
unable to endure it any longer, first ihrowa off hia 
heavy cloak, and tlien flies for protection to the sliadea 
oi'a neighbouring grove, 


There ii Bomethinf iii the nature of men so averse to severe 
and boisltrouti treatment, that he who endeavours to carry hU 
point that way, instead cf prevailing, generally leaves the mind 
of him, whom he has thus attempted, in a inore coniirmed anil 
nbstiaate situation, than he found it at RtbL Bitter words uid 
hard usage freezes the heart into a kind of obduracy, which mill] 

KrBuasive and gentle language only can dissolve and soften. 
irsecation has always Hied and rivetted those opinions which 
it was intended to dispel; and some discerning; men have attri- 
buted the quick growth of Chrialianity, in a great measure to 
the rough and barbarous reception which its firsl teachers met 
with in (liD world. The same may have been obsorVBd of out 
ralbrmationx the blood of the martyrs was the manure which 
produced tbe protealant crop, on which the Presbyterian church 
baa subsisted ever since. Providence, which always makes nae 
of the most natural means to attain its purposes, has thought fit 
to eHtablish the purest religion by this method: the considera* 
lion of which may give a proper check to thone, who are con- 
tinually endeavouring to Toot out errors by that very manage- 
ment, which so infallibly Rues and implants all opinions, as well 
erroneous aa orthodox- When an opinion is so violently attack- 
ed. It raises an attention in (he persecuted party, aod gives au 
alarm to their vanity, by making them think that worth defend- 
ing and keeping at the hazard of their lives, which, perhaps, 
otherwise, they would only have admired awhile for the sake 
of its novelty, and afterwards resigned of their own accord. In 
■hort, a fierce turbulent opposition, like the North wind, only 
serves to make a man wrap hia notions more closely about him; 
bat we know not what a kind, warm, sunshiny behaviour, right- 
ly applied, would not be able (o e9ect 

jEsop'S fables, 

FAa XLU. The Ass in the Lio 


An AsB, finding the skin of H LJon, put il on: nml 
ping into the woo<ls and pastures, threw all the flocks 
Htd henb into a terrible consternation. At Insl, meet- 
iDg bis owner, he would hare frightened him also; 
bat the good man seeing hia long cars stick out, pre- 
Kntlv knew him, and with a good cudgel made him 
tenaible, that, notwithstanding his being dressed in a 
lion's skin, be was no more than an Ass. 

Af (II ■Seclalinn IB wrong, and tends to ciposo and mako a 
nan ridiculoua, bo (he more distant bs is from the tliine: wliicb 
kaaffecU lo ippear, the stronger will be the lidicule whicli bt! 
Sicilei, and the ^ater the inconveniences into which lie runs 
Unncirthcrehf . How atrangely absurd ii it for ■ timorous per- 
m to procure a military post, in ordsr to keep hiinsolf out of 
dutferl and toBincj a rod coat the surest proloctit n of coward- 
Im! Td there InTsbrcn Ihonc whu have purcim*ed i cortimi*- 
■on to atoid being insulted, aud have been so siU; as lo tliinb 
toonge was inlerwovsn with a sash, or tjod up in a cockade; 
hit it wnuid not be ainias lor such {^ntlaman to conHidci. tbM 


it is not 


n the power of Ecarlet cloth lo all«r nature: and tiial 
uitiBEipccted a Eoldicr eliDuld show hhnBclt'a man of courage 
uid intrcpidilj upon all proper occaBions, they may by lliis 
means msst the disgrace Lbey intended to avoid, and appeal 
(rreatei aasca than ttiey needed to have done. However, it ie 
not in the point oflbrtitude only Uial people are lialile (oexpow 
thomselvefl by aaaumine a eharacler lo which tliey arc not aijual; 
but he who pulaon a sEow of learning, ot religion, or n Buperi- 
or capacity in any respect, or in ahorl, of any virtue ur kiioH-. 
ledge to which he has no proper claim, it and will always b' 
bund to be Aa Am in a Liim'i tkin. 

FAS. XLIII. The Fiog aitd the Fox. 

A Frog, leaping ou f he lake and ak no (he a I 
vantage of a riaing ground made a proclan a on to all 
the beasts of the forest I at he was an ab e phys c an 
and for curing all man er of d empers vould turn 
hta back lo no person living. This discourse, utter- 
ed in .1 parcel of hard cramp worda, which nobody un- 
derstood, made the beasts admire hia learning, and 
give credit lo every thing he aaid. At last, the Fo\, 

jEsop-s fables. 



who was present, with indignation asked him, how 
he couJd have the impudence with those thin lao- 
tem-jaws, thai meagre, pale phiz, and blotched spot- 
ted bodj, to set up for one who waa able to cure the 
infiimiliea of othera? 


physlciui, u 
a a soldier. If 
*e should not 

A neklf, iofirni look, ii as diBodv&iiiBgeoii; 
that of > nhe in ■ ctergyman, or a abeepisli 
Uiu marvl i-OQlains an; thin? further, it is, 
Ki up fiw rectUying onormitiBs in othera, n^u^ ..« .i.^..^. «... 
der tha suae aurselves. Good adTice ought Uwaya to be (bllovr- 
gd. irithoul our being prejudiced upon BCCOUDt of the person 
iram whom it comes: but it is seldom that men can be biouirht 
to Ihiok us worth minding, when we preacribo cures Ibr mala- 
die* iritb which ourselves are infecteij. Fhytician, htai thy. 
til/, la too scriptoral not to be applied upon such an accaMUm, 
•Dd if we would avoid being the jest of an audience, W4 muat 
te Btuid, and &se from those diseases, of which we would ei|. 
dearonr to cure others. Hon shocked must people have beau 
to bear a preacher for a whole hour declaim against drunken- 
(was, when his own iniirmit; has been such, l!wt lie could nei. 
tbar bear nor forbear drinking, and perhaps waa ihe only ptirson 
in the congregation who made the doctrine, at that time, no. 
WBsarvT Others too ha»e been very zealous in oiploding 
crimes, for which none were more suspcctud than themselvn^ 
but IM BDch silly hypocrites remember, that thoy wHoiie eyea 
vani ooQcfaing, (re the most improper people in the wotltl to 
<vt up for oculists. 

A certain man hod a Dog which was so crtiitt 
and miichievoufl, thtt he wa"" forfed to fasten a henvv 
clog about his neck, to keep him from running at, and 
worrying people. This the vain Cur took for a badge 
of honourable distinction; and grew so insolent upon 
it, that he looked down wiih an air nf scorn upon thp 
neighbouring Doga, and refused to keep them com- 
pany? But an old poacher, who was one of the gang, 
aaaiired him, that, he had no reason to value himself 
upon the favour he wore, since it was fixed upon him 
rather as a mark of disgrace than of honour. 
Soma people arc so elEceeiling Tsin, and at ttie some timo dull 
nfappre lien? ion, that thty interpret ever; [liing, by wbith (hov 
are distinguished fhini others, in tlieir own favour. If Ihey \ii. 
Iray any weakness in convcrMtion, which ia apt to excite tin" 
laut;hter of the campoiiy, they make no Rcriiple of ascribiug il 
to their superiority in point of wit If want of sense or hreed- 
InR, (one of wtiicb is always ibe cnse) di-posos them to gim or 


aloe and magnaniniity, to which thcj Gldcj the world 
, , a •wful «nd respectful distancp. There are sevaral do- 
cent wayi of preventing auch turbulent men fruni doing niii- 
ehieC which might be applied with aeciecy, and maajr limes 
pan onregurdeil, if their own arrogiuice did not n^uire till' 
rcil of mankind lo tiLke notice of IL 

FAB. XLV. Jupiter anrf (Ac Camdl. 

The (Jainol presented a petil on to J p ter um 
|>lainin^ of tlie tianlsliip of Ins case in not )ii>v n^ 
like buUs and other creatures, horna or any ueaponi 
of defrtnce to protect himself from the attacks of hii 
enemteB; and praying that relief might be given hini 
in Buc'i manner as might be thought most expcdienL 
Jupiter could not help smiling at the impertinent ad- 
dress of the great silly beast; but, however, rejeclwl 
the petition, and told him, that so far from granting 
Ilia unreasonable request, henceforward lie would lake 


jEsop'S fables. 

care hia ears should be shortened, aa a punishmeni 
for hia presumptuous importunity. 

The nature of thinge is sa fixed in every particular, that tliejr 
Itre very weak flupemtitious people, who disiLRi it ia to be alter- 
ed, But besides the impassibilit; of producing a change by ad. 
dre»«ea of Ihia nature, lliey who employ much of their time upon 
BQch accounts, instead of getting, are sure to loae in the end. 
Whon any man is so fiivolaus and vcialiouB as to make unres. 
sonabli! camplainta, and harbour undue repinings in hia heart, 
hill peeviebneea will lessen the leal goods which he poBBeEseS; 
and llie aaurnesa of his temper shortens that allowance of com. 
fiirt which he always thinks b» scanty. Thus in truth, it is 
Dot providence, but ourselves, who punish our own importunilj 
in soliciting for impossibilities, with a sharp corroding earo, 
irhich abridges us of some part of that little pleasure which 
providence has cast into our lot. 

FAB. XLVI. The Tr< 

id the Bear 

Two tnen being to travel through a Forest together, 
Butuallv protnised to stand b^ each other in any 
danger thej should meet upon the way. They bad 

jliaiOl"S FABLtS. 



nol gone f&r before a bear camo ruahlng towarda 
them out of a thicket; upon which, one being a light 
nimble fellow, got up into a tree; the other falling 
fill upoo his lace, and holding his breath, la; still, 
while the B«ar came up and emelled at himj but tlie 
creature, supposing him to be a dead carcase, went 
back again into the wood, without doing him the leaat 
hftrn). When all was over, the Spark who had climb- 
ed the tree came down to his companion, and with a 
pleasant smile, asked him what the bear eaid to himi 
for, suyH he, 1 took notice that he clapt his mouth 
very cloae to your ear. Why, replied the other, he 
chaigeil me to take care for the future, not to put 
an; confidence in such a cowardly fellow us you ore. 


"nungh nalhing is more cominoa than to hear people prolest 
■emcea uid frjeodahtp, where thcro la no oocoaioa Jbr them: 
Jrt fcarce any tiling U bo hard to be Ibund as a, true friend wha 
will •Hilt ni in times of danger and difficulty. AU the declati- 
lima of kiodnMs which are made to an eiperienccd mui, 
Ibauffa aocompuiied with a aqueeze bj (he hand, and ■ solcniB 
meientioQ, liiould leave bo greater imprcBsion upon hia mind, 
tban Ibe whiatliog of the holloH' brecie which brushcB one'i 
Mn with an onmeaning salute, and is presently go.-a. lie ttiat 
Mceoun oar necesaity by a well-tinted assiatance, though it 
were not uabcied in by previoas compliments, will ever after 
be looked upon aa our friend and protector, and, in (o ni jcb ■ 
greater degree, as the favour v/sa unasked and unpromiaeii, and 
•a il waa not extorted bf importunitiea on the one side, n ir led 

are tKithing, till they are fulfilled by actions; IlieroloK- we 
riMuld not aoffbt ourwlvea to be deluded by a vain Impt nod 
wftiiiM upMi tfaeni. 

jEsop'S fables, 

FAB. XLVU. The Bald Knight. 

A ce ta n Kn ^ht grow g ol 1 h « ha r fell off 
and he hi" ne I alJ (o h de wh ch mperfeol on he 
wore a I w g But as he was r d ng out w h ome 
othsTS a hunlmg, a sudden gust of wind blew off the 
periwig and exposed his bald pate. The company 
could not forbear laughing at the accident; and he 
himself laughed as loud as any body, saying, how 
livas it to be expected that 1 should keep strange hair 
upon my head, when my own would not stay therel 

To b« captious, ia not more uneasy to ODraeUeii, ttinn It is dl*- 
affrasable to Dlhers. Ab no man ia entirnly without fsulls, a. few 
defbcti Barraunded with a gaord o( eood qualities, ma; pan 
Dioatsr well euougli: but he, whose attention is alwaya upqn Iho 
oatoh of something to take exception at, if he had na other bad 
quality, can never be acceptable. A captious temper, lilie a tit- 
tle leaven, sours a whole lump oT virtuosi and makes us djirelisb 
that, which might otherwise be the most gratcflil convcrsntion. 
If we would live easy to ouraolvea, and agreeable to othere, w« 
ibould be ba far froiii MekJng occasiou of being angry, thai 

il them 



LB unregarded when they coma 
IT way; but, if they are aopalpahlo iJiat we oatinot help ta- 
king ouJcB ortiiero, we bIiouIiI do well b> rally thcin oS'with a 
jgsl, or ili«solve them la good humour. Some people take a 
•eoret plcasuro in nouling and fretting others; and the mora 
practicable tliuy lind it to eiercise this quality upon any one, 
the more doca it whet and prompt their incllnati'in [d it. But, 
U this talent ravoure something of ill-nature, it deserves lo be 
InlHed and dvlcaled: which ona cannot do betti^r than by ro. 
oeiving ail that ia uttered at such a timt with a cheerful aspect, 
and ingenuouti, pleasant, uouffectfid reply. Nor ja the expedieni 
ofthe bald Knight unworthy of otir imituliimi lor, it' by any word 
or action, wo hapt>cn to raise the laughter of those about us, wc 
Cuinol stifle it sooner, or belter, than by a brisk preacncB f 
mituf, to join in mirth with the company; and if possible, to art' 
deipate the Jest which another is ready lo throw oi 

An KunhtJii Pm, and one of Brnss, siundinir ti 
cr uponthe river's brink, were both cnrneil uwny by 
UiA flawing in of Ihe tide. The Earthen Put slmwed 
tome uneaKinens, as feBring lie should be broken; but 

his companion of Brass bid him be under no appre- 
hensions, for that he would lake cure of him. O, re- 
plies the other, keep as far off as ever you can, I fin- 
treat you; it 19 you I am most afraid of; for whether 
the stream dashes you against me, or me against you, 
I am sure to he the euffercr; and therefore, I beg of 
you, do not let us come near one otbnr. ^_ 


A man of modemta fortune, who is contented with whmt he 
has, Qjid fioda he can live hnppilj upon it, sbould take cRre not 
to hazard and expose bia felicity, by consorting with the great 
and Uie powertuL People of eiiusl conditiona iniiy float down 
the current of life, witliout hurting each other, but It is i point 
of some dilficulty to ateor ooe's coutee in the company of tho 
great, ao as to escape without a bulge. One would not choose 
to have one's little coDntry-boi Bituated in the neighbourhood 
ofB. rery great mBii; for whether I ignorantly treapasB upon him, 
or he luiowingly encroaches apOD me, I only am like li be the 
■nfifarer. I can neither entiirtain, nor play with him, upon hia 
terms; for that whieh is moderation and diteioion la him. 

J£80I>« FABLES. 
FAB. XLLX The Peacock and the Cr 


Tlie Peacock and the Crane, by chance met to- 
gether in one pince. The Peacock, erecting' bis tail, 
displayed bis gaudy plumes, and looked with con- 
leoipt upon the Cmne, as some mean ordinary per- 
son. TTie Crane, reaolving to mortify his insolence, 
look occasion to eay, Ihat Peacocks were very fine 
birds indeed, ir fine feathers could make them sk, but 
that be ihoucfht it a much nobler thing to be able to 
rise above the clouds, than to strut about upon the 
ground and be gazed at by children. 
Il a 'WKtj sbmrd ta sliglit or inmlt snolher npon li!a wanting 
k property wliich weponen, fra-he may fiwnny thin|; wo know, 
hiTe > Jmil reiuon to triumph over ua. by bring ni&B(«r ofmna 
food qiuUty, of which we are incspubto. But in r^e-iirit to iha 
Fible berore to, that which the Peuwck values himieir upon, 
Iha [tiller and finery ordreu, i* one of the moat IriHing: coniid- 
•raliooa in nature; and what a man ofMnse would he aahamed 
M rtckoD, even as the leoiri part DTmeriL Indeed children, and 
Umh pDOpl* who think moch tbmil tin vuat pitch with IllMn 



we Lpt to be taken up with varniah ani! tiiiial: bat Ihej wLu 
•iBDiine by the bcsIu of cammon sense, must tind somethi ng of 
wcigbt and Bubetiince, belbre tliey con be pcrsuBded la set ■ 
Tolue. The mind which is rtored with virtuous and rational 
■entiments, and the behaviour, which speaks coniplacencu and 
humility, etamps on estimate upon the poseeseor, whiuh all 

CliclouB spectatois are ready (o admire and aclinoHli.dge. 
t if there be any merit in an embroidery coal, a brucMe 
waistcoat, a ehoe, a stocking, or a sword knot, tlie person that 
wears them lias the least claim to it; let il be ascrithed whore it 
juBtlj belongs, to the several artisans who wrought or djapos. 
Bd the materials of which Ihcy consist. This moral is not intend- 
sd to derogate aiiy thing from the niagniScencu of fine clotlies 
and rich equipasos, which, as timee and circumstances require, 
may be asod wiui decency and prnprict; cnoughj but one can- 
not help being concerned, lest any worth should be al£xed (a 
thejn more than tlieir own intrinsic value. 

FAB. L. The Oak and the Reel. 

An Oak, which hung over the bank of a river, was 
blown down hy a violent storm of wind; and as it was 
carried along by the etream, some of its boiiglis brusli- 
ed against a Reed, which grew near the shore. Tbia 


Struck the Onk with a thought of admiratiou; and he 
(watd not forbesr asking the Reed, how he came to 
stand BO secure and unhurt in a tempest, which had 
been furious enough to tear an oak up by the roots? 
Why, says the Reed, I secure myself by putting on 
a behaviour quite contrary to what you da| instead 
ot being stubborn and stiff, and confiding in my 
strength, I yield and bend to the blast, and let it go 
ower me; knowing how vain and fruitless it woi.ld be 


h a tune lubmisBion to injuries which it is in our pow 
VtorodreH, be ireaemllj eiteemed a base nnd dishonourable 
llung; yel lo reiiit where thers is no probabililif, or even hopei 
of our getting the belter, msj also be linked upon na the c9ect 
af a Uiiul temerit]', and perhaps of b weak luiderataading. 
T^ virokefl of lortone are otIentiTncs as irresistible, as Ihej 
an terere; snd he who with an iinpalitnt reluctant s[iiril fights 
ifaiiut her, iaslead of alleviating, does bat double her blovri 
upon himself. A person of a quiet still temper, whether it is 
imn him by nature, or nequircd by art, calmly reposes bim- 
■rtf, inlhe midslofa storm, so as lo dudo the eliork, or receive 
H with the leut detriment: like a prudent experienced sailor, 
itbD is swimming to the sbore &om a wrecked vessel in a swell. 
ing sea; he does not oppose the fury of the waves, but sloope 
■nd gives way, that they may roll over bis bead without ott. 
•truetMn. The doctrine of absolute aubmission in alt cases, ta 
u absurd dogmatical precopt, with nothing but ignorance and 
saperstjiion to support it: but upon particular occasions, and 
■bsre it is impossible tor us to overcome, to submit patieatly, 
is ODC of the most reoionable maxims in life. 

A Hkilful Archer coininf; into the wood, directed 
his arrow so successfully, that he slew man; wild 
beasts, and pursued several others This put the whole 
mrage kind into a fearful consternation, and made 
them fly to the most retired thickets for refu^. 
At last Ihe tiger resumed a courage, and bidding them 
not to be afraid, said, that he alone would engage the 
enemy, telling them, they might depend upon his val- 
mir and etrengtli to revenge their wrongs. In ths 
nidRt of these threats, while ho was lashing himself 
with his tail, and tearing up the ground for anger, an 
arrow pierced his ribs, and hung by its barbed point 
in his side. He set up a hideous and loud roar, oc- 
casioned by the anguish which he felt, and endeavour- 
ed to draw out the painful dart with his teeth: when 
thn Fox, approaching him, inquired with an air of 
nurpriso, who it was that could have strength and cou- 
rage enough to wound so mighty and valorous a bes 

M90PB FABLES. 109 

Ah! Bays ihe Tiger, I was mistaken in my reckoniog; 
it was that invincible man yonder. 


TIiOQ^ atrfln^li Hud coitrngc are ver; good ingredients to- 
ward! the making us eecure and rormidkble in thu world, jrel 
uoleaa [here be a proper portion of wisdom or policv to direct 
them, instoad of being sciiiceable, they often prove detrinienlal 
lo Uioir proprietor. A rash Gwward man, who depends upon 
the eicelleace of Ilia own puts and accornpliabmentB, b like- 
wiie apt to expoH a weak side, which his enemies might not 
otherw ja have observed, and give on advantage to otheis, b; 
Ibow vary means which he fancied would have secured it lo 
himselC Cuuniel aiul conduct always did, and always will go- 
vern the world; and the strong, in spite of all tlieir force, can 
never avoid being tool* to the orally. Some men are as much 
Eoperior to olhan in wisdom and policy, as man, in e^noraJ, 
is abova a brute. Strength ill converted, apposed to them, is 
like a quarter-staff in the hands of a huge, robust, bungling 
IcUow, who lights against a maslar of science. The latter. 
tlKHigh without a weapon, would Ikave skill and address enough 
to disarm his adversary, and drub liim with his own slaiT. In a 
word, savage lieiceneas, aiid brutal strength, must not prcti-nd 
W aland in competition with Gnesse and Gtrnto^cm. 

TAB Lll The Lo and he Fou Bu 

Four Bulls which haJ entered into a very sliict 
fi'i end ship, kept always near one another, iincl ted to- 
gether. The Lion often saw them, and as often had 
a mind to make one of them his prey; but, though he 
Gould have subdued any of them singly, yet he waa 
afraid to attack the whole alliance, as knowing they 
would have been too hard for him, and therefore non- 
tented himself for the present, with keeping at a dis- 
tance. At last, perceiving no attempt was to be made 
upon them as long as their combination held, he took 
occasion, by whispers and hints, to foment jealousies 
■and raise divisions among them. This stratagem 
succeeded so well that the bulls grew cold and reserv- 
ed towards one another, which soon after ripened into 
a. downright hatred and aversion; and, at last, ended 
in a total separation. The Lion had now obtained 
his end: and, as impossible as it was for him to hurl 


them white the; were united, he found no dlfliculty, 
BOW they were parted, to seize and devour every bull 
of tt)i!in, one after another. 

Tbe moral of this TabJe ia so well known and alluwed, thU 
to go aboat vid enlighten it, would be liko holding a candle ta 
the aun. A kingdom ditided agaiiul itailf cas-Boi ttand, and 
u undiiputcd ■ maiim aa it is, wu liowever thought neceBSBr; 
lo ba ur^d to the Btlention of muikind, by the best men Hint 
cTer livMl. And since rriendahips and Blliancea arc of w great 
iniporUiiiije to our well being and happineeg, we cannot be too 
oflcD cniiUaiicil not to let them be broken b; talc-bearers and 
uhiapercn, nr uif other coolrira 

FAR. Llll. 

= inlh llur t flru mill jo\ (o 
» liitchct, which lie beheld it somt, dist mtt \\ hpn 
til' cHine, he found water in it indeed but so near the 
bottom, that with all his stooping and Mrainiii}i, he 
Wtia not able to reach it. Then he endeatnured to 
n the pitcher; that eo at laat M might bo able 

ad not sufficient 
: near the plac 

, and tbuB, 

to get a little of it. But bk strength 
hr this. At loat, seeing some pebbli 

he cast them one by one into the pitcher, , 

by degrees, raised the water up to the very brim, and 
satisfied his thirst. 


Many things vhich cannot bo offecled by strength, oi bj the 
old vulgar way of enlcrpriiing, may yet be brought about by 
same new and unttied means. A man of sagacity and penetra- 
tion, upon encountering a difficulty or two, does not immedi- 
ately despair; but if he cannot succeed one way, employs lus 
wit and ingenuity another; and' lo avoid or get over an impedi. 
ment, malice no scruple of stepping out of iSo path of hie Ibre- 
fathera. Since our happinen!!, next to the regulation of our 
minds, depends altogetlier upon our having and enjoying the 
conveniences of life, why should wh stand upon ceremony about 
tha mathude of obtaining them, or iiay any dolbrcnce lo antiqui- 
ty upon that score? If almost every age had note.xerled itself 
in some new improvements of Its own, we should want & thou, 
sand arts, or at least, many degrees of perfection in every art, 
which at present we are in poBsessioo o£ The invention of any 
thing, which is more comniodlaus for the mind or body than 
what they had beibre, ought to be embraced readily; and the 
projector of it distinguished with a suitable sncouragement.^- 
Such as the use of the compass, for example, from which man- 
kind reaps so mucli benefit and advantage, and which was not 
known to former ages. When we follow the atcpa of those who 
have gone before us in the old beaten track of life, how do wB 
difibr from horses in a team, which are linked Id each other hy 
a cliain of harness, and move on in a dull heavy pace, to the 
tone of their leader's bells? But the man who enriches the pre. 
sent tiind of knowledge with some new and usofid improve. 
Mient, like a iiappy adventurer at sea, discovers, as it were, an 
ynknown land, and imports id additional trade in his own 


FAB. LIV. The Forester and the Lion. 

The Forester meeting with a Lion, one day, thej 
diicouraed together for a while, without differing 
much in opinion. At last, a dispute happening to 
■rise about the point of supertontv hetnecn a Man 
tnd a Lion, the Man wanting a better Htyument, ihow 
ed the Lion a marble monument, on which was placed 
the Bta-tue of a man striding over a vanquished lion. 
Iflhii, sars the Lion, is all you have lo say for il, let 
M be the carvers, and we will make the Hon striding 
orer the man. 


CoDtendinK parlies ire very apt to appeal Ibr the (rulh lo re- 
aor<b written Sy their own aide; but nothins ia tnorc unfiiir, and 
■1 the came tune inetgnificanl and unconvincing!. !^uch ii [he 
pwtUlily of mankind in favour of thcmBolvea and their own uu. 
tiona, that il ■■ almoct impoasible lo come at any cvrtnint; by 
RndiA^ Iba accouDlH which are written nn one nide only. Wu 
have few or no mcmoira come down lo us of what WM truw- 
acted in Uie worid during the mrereigiity of ancient Rnme, but 
vliat were writum by Stow w)io bud a dspeadeacy upou ll; 


jEsops fables. 

ihArefarc it ia no nandcr that \iiey apj^ear, upon moat QccaBiims, 
lo have been bo great and glorious e nation. What Iheii co. 
I«mporarie9 of other countries thought oftlietn we cannot tell, 
otherwiee ttian from llieir owe writcra; it is not imposaible but 
that (hey might tiavc described them as a barbarous, rapacjoua, 
treaciieroUB, impolite people; who upon their conquest of Greece^ 
Bar some time, niado a great liavoc and destruction of tho arti 
and sciencca, aa their tellow plunderers tbe Gotlis and Vandali 
did, alUrwardt, in Ital;. What monstsra would our own 
partj-ieatota make of each other, if the transactions of Iba 
times were to be banded doum to posterity, by a womi-hearled 
man on either aide? and were sii::h records lo survive two or 
lliree centuries, with what perplexities and didiculties mual 
the; embarrass a young hialorian 

them for tlia char -"- 

happen, it 

at tlie same (ime; (hat young readers instead ot doubting ti 
whiub iJiey ahould give their credit, would not Ikil lo remem 
ber, (hut thia waa the work of a iduil. that of a Ijon. 

FAB. LV. The Satyr and tkf- Traveler, 




ed with the extremity of the woathei. He took com- 
pssaion on him, and kindly invited him homo to a 
warm comfortable cave he had in (he hollow of a rock. 
Aa fMM>n as they had entered and sat down, notwith- 
aiunUing there was a gooil fire in the place, the chilly 
trareller could not forbear blowing hia fingers' ends. 
Upon the Satyr's asking him why he did so, he an- 
■wered, that he did it lo worm his hands. The honest 
Sylvan, having seen little of the world, admired a man 
who was master of so valuable a quality ag that of 
blowing heat, and therefore was resolved to entertain 
faim in the heat manner he could. He aprend the 
table before him with dried fruits of several sorts: 
and produced a remnant of old cordial wine, which, 
as the rigour of the season made very proper, he 
mulled with some warm spices, infused over the fiie, 
and presented to hia shivering guest. But this the 
trareller thought fit to blow likewise; and upon tbo 
Satyr's demanding a reason why he blowed again, he 
tfiplied, to cool his dish. The second answer pro- 
roked the Satyr's indignation as much us the first had 
kindled h>s surprise: so, taking the man by the shoul- 
der, he thrust him out of doors, saying, he would have 
octhing to do with a wretch who had so vile a quality 
■B to blow hot and cold with the same mouth. 


Though the poor traveller iq the fable wu not guilty of any 
IBal crime In what he did, yet one can't help approving the IlD. 
Bed simplicilj of the Satyr, who could not be reconciled loiuch 
double-dealing. In the moral eeiue of the liiblB, nothing con be 
more nffeniive to one of a sincere heart, than he tiiut blows 
with a difierent breath from the «ame mouth; who Ontters ■ 
Bttn lo hii face, aiid levilea him behind his liack. Some sEain, 
jiM like Ihii man, to •erro a present view, will blow noJiiny 
" ' " ' ■ ' " ' " ' iriihing; and when thuy 

Iha*e raiaed the eipeclaliona of* dependant to a degree iirhiel 
they think may prove Ironblciome, can, with putting 

116 jESOPS fables. 

ajx, easil; chill uid blast oil hia blooming hopes. But Baoh a 
temper, whether it proceeds from a liiBigned or nnluriil levity, 
U detestable, and has bpfn the cauw of muub trouble and mor- 
tifiealion to maiiy p, brave deserving man. XJnleas the tenor of 
m raaji'B IKfe be always true and mnaistent with itself, the lesi 
m mail has la do with him the better. 

FAB. LVI. Hercules and the Cnrtflr. 

As a clownieh fellow was driving hii cart along a 
deep mjry lane, the wheels stuck so fast in the clay, 
that the horaea could not draw them out. Upon this 
he fell a bawling and prajing to Hercules to come and 
lielp him. Hercules looking down from a cloud, biil 
him not lie there like an idle rascal as he was, but get 
up and whip his horsea stoutly, and clap his shoulder 
to the wheel, adding, that this was the only way for 
liim to obtain his asaistance. 


xaofa FABLEa 

pIcMcd with 1 

gm M all rerealed re 

Ub iSclsle or a 

nature of the Divine Being, to be better 
■ctione and an honest industry, than idle 
rt of blMjihemr to say otherwise, TheHi 
r honest good "bealbflna, wlio were itran- 


B.t Ihcj should 


n resaoa. What in both itran^e in itaalC 
uid auiiviiing huw it could be mads so fashiocs'cJe, is, thai 
mMt of Iboac whose reason should be enlightened by ReveU- 
Uon, ars rery apt to be goihy of this stupiditj, and by praying 
olUn for the HHiitbrta of lite, to neglect that buunoss which i* 
Ibe proper mean* of procuring Ihern. How such a mislakwi 
dcTotioo canie to prevail, one can't imagine, unless from one of 
tbeae two motive*; either thai people by such a vail ofhypocrisT 
voald paai IhemBetvci upon mankind for better than they rea% 
ire; or are influenced by unskillul prooeherB (which is some 
time^ indeed too often Ine ca«) lo niind (he world us little na 
poasibte, even to the neglect of their necessary cnlIijitrK. Nc 
ijoeetkm but it is a great sin for a man to fail in his trade, or 
occupajion, by running oflen to his prayers; it being a denwD- 
•tration in iiaelf, though the scripture hod never said it, thai 
wapkate God most when we are dcHD^ the most good; and bow 
can we do more good, than by a aober honest industry to srs- 
nif( for our heuidiaid, and endeavour to jbare to girt la hini 
liat attdtih. — Tbe man who is vlrtuonaly and honestly cnga. 
ged, is actually oerving God all the whilej ond is more likely 
lo have hi* ailenl wishea accompanied with strenoous axufea' 
Tvun. complied with by the Supreme Being, than one who beg* 
with a fniillen Tebenienee, and solicits with an empty hand; 
a band, which would be more religious were it usefully em- 
ployed, and more devoiit >ei« it ittetched fortli lo do ijoail li) 
Ihcae that wani IL 

A certain man had a goose, which laid him a gold- 
en egg every day. But, not contented with this, which 
rather increased than abated his avarice, he was re- 
solved to kill the goose and cut up her belly, that so 
be might come at the inexhaustible treasure, which he 
fancied she had within her. Ho did so, and to his 
great sorrow and disappointment found nolhingi 

Thoee who are of guch cniTing nnd impatient tempen, thnt 
they cannot live contented when fortune has blessed Ihcm with 
B cniistant and continual sufficiency, deserve even to bo depru 
Ted of what Ihej have. And Ihia has been the cats of manj 
ambitioua and eoveloua men, who bj making an BBsay to g^ow 
very rich at once, have missed what they aimed at, and lost 
what they had before. But this comes bo neoitho Eenee of the 
Gflh fable that the same application may very well serve jbr 


I aiiout what may happen hereafter, and want- 


1, and douhlo oi 
Mud aiiprehetiHion of tbeoi. 

There arc some tbinga tlint entertnin and d;;ligiit lis very 
ajreBibly, while we view thcni at a proper disUmce, which per. 
ups would not ftnnd Ih« (est of a loo near inspection. Tfiauty 
baiug ant; Ihc cxlcrnal Ibrmora tiling wbieh utrikcs the eje in 
■ pleaaing manner, is a ver; thin gloaay being, and like ijiiae 
nice paintiDgB of a pecuhar campoaition, will not bear even la 
be bnatfaed upon. To prBsnrva our good opinion of it, wo muHt 
out approach loocloHe; lor if, like tlie man in the table, we havn 
t mind tu searcb lor a treasure witliin, we tiiay net onl; fail of 

A Ckilf, full of play and wantonnesa, sccinp the Ox 
ai plough, could not forbear insulting him. What a 
•wry poor druilge art thou, says he, to bear thai heavy 
joke upon tour neck, anil go alt day ilriiwing u plough 
■I your tail, to turn up the grcund for your mnnteH 
hut you am a wretched dull ^lave, and know no bfil- 

! yoa w 

life I lead. I go just where 1 please; sometimes I lie 
down ucider the cool shade; sometimes frisk about io 
the open 3>inahine; ami when I please, slake my thirst 
in the clear sweet brook; but you, if you were to pe- 
rish, have not so much as a little dirty water to refresh 
;ou. The Ox, not at all moved with what iie Bud, 
went quietly and calmly on with his work, and in ths 
evening was unyoked and turned loose. Soon after 
which, he saw the Calf taken out of the field, and de- 
livered into the hands of a priest, who immediately 
led him to (he allar, and prepared to sacrifice him. 
His head was hung round with fillets of flowers, and 
the fatal knife was just going to be applied to his 
throat, when the Ok drew near and whis[>ere(t luin lo 
this purpose: Behold the end of your in^unce and 
arrogance; it was for this only you i"!,fp suffered to 
live at all; and pray now, friun'l wliose coni)itii>n is 
beat, yours or mine? 

To insult people in tfistress, is llie property of a eruel, 
indiscreet anit giddj temper ; for as the protxedingsof fac- 
tune ire verj irregular and unc-ertain, we may ilie neit ton 
of the wheel be tlirown down to their condition, and they 
exalted to ourt. We are likewise given to underslani] t^ 
this frtbte, wliat tbe cunseqaencc of nn idle life geneniHj ii, 
and how well satiafled iHturiouii dilii^nt men sre in the 
toiil, wlien they eamv quietlj' to enjoy Ihe fruits of Iheir 
ladnstry. They who by little triuke Hod sharpiBR, or by 

XI violence and robbery, live in a lii){li fxpi^nsive way. 
n, in their hearts at least, despise the pour honesi man. 
who is contented with the virtuous product of his daily 
hboDr, and patiently submiti to his cteellny. But how of- 
ten i« the poor man eumfiirted. by seeing those wanto* vit- 
laina led in triumph to the nltar of justice; while he lia* 
many a cheerful summer's morning to eiijiiy abroad, and 
nany a long winter's evening to indulf(e himself at borne, 
by a quiet bearlh, and nnder an anenvied roof : btoasinga 
which often attend a sober, industrious man, though "" 
"le and profligate are utier strangers to them. 



Loiur; and inUmperance, beiides their being certsin to 
riMrtcD ■ man'i dafa, ore vorj ipl, uol only to viiguge paopae 
«ilit Uieit seQniing channa, into a debauclied life, utterly pre. 
judicial to their health, but make them huk-e a cuiitcmpt foe 
oliwra, wlUMo gwHl acax and trae taste of happini:B3( injpiTC 
Ifaeia with an aversion la idliinesa and elTem iiiacy, and put tbeai 
npoa hardening their constitution by JnnoCL'nt exorcise, and 
laadable cmploynient. Haw many da gluttony and sloth tiim- 
Ue luln an untimely grave? while the temperate and the active 
drink wber drafla of lile, and spin out their thread to the taoit 

The Leopard, one <}nj, took it in his head to Falue 
hi(n!«eir upon the great VBrietjr and beauty o( his spots; 
tiul truly he saw no reaaon why even the Lion should 
tkke place of him, aiooe he could not show so beauti- 
ful a skin. As for the rest of the wild beasts of the 
foresU, he treated them alt, without distinction, in the 
mnsi haughty disdainful manner. But the Fes be- 
ing among them, went up to him with a. great deal of 
spirit and resolution, and told him, that ho was mn 


taken in the value he was pleased to ect upon himself, 
since people ol' judgment were not used to form theii 
(pinion of merit from an outside appearance, but by 
considering the good qualities and cndowmenta witli 
which the mind was stored within. 


How much mora heavenly and powerfiil would beauty prove, 
if it were not so frequently impaittd by the afibctalion and con. 
ositedneSB ofila posacssorT It same women were but as modeal 
Dud unBSBuming a^ ihey are handsome, (bey might CDmmand the 
haarta of sll that behold them. But naliiro scorned to foresee, 
and has provided against such un inconvenience, by tempering 
its greatest master-pieces with a due proportion of pride and 
Taoity; so that their power depending upon the duration of tlieir 
beau^ only, is like to be of a short continunnco; which, when they 
happen to prove tyrants, is no small eomlbrt to as; and then, 


(ificallon to be sensible Ihat,, as such, they are the objects of 
Done but a fool's admiration. Wise men are chiefly captivated 
with the charms of the mind; and wlicnever tliey are infatuated 
with a passion for any thing else, it is gBoerally observed that 
they cease, during that time at least, to be what they were; 
and are indeed looked upon to be only playing the fool. If the 
ftir ones we have been speaking of have a true ascendant over 
them, they will oblige them to divest thernaelves of common 
lense, and lo talk and act ridiculously before they can think 
(ham worthy of the least regard. Slunildone of tliese Gnu crea- 
tnres be addressed In the words of Julm: 

'Tis not a set of features, or comploilon 
The tincture of a akin, tliat I admire. 
Beauty soon grows familiar to the lover, 
Fades in his eye, and palls upon the sense. 
The virtuous Mareia towers above her sex; 
Tme, she is fiiir, oh, how divinely fuirl 
But still, the lovely maid improves her charms 
With inward greatnesB, unaffected wisdom. 
And sanctity of manners. 
The man that should venture the success of a strong pasaion, 
npon the construction she would pnt upon such a complimunC, 
nugbl have reason to ropAnt of bis conduct. 

As the Cat and the Fox n-ere talking pohtica toge- 
ther, oa H time, in the middle of the forest, Rcynaril 
wid, let thing's turn out ever so bad, he did not care, 
for he had a thousand tricks for them yet before they 
ibould hurt him; hut pray, says he, Mrs. Pubs, sup- 
pose there should he an invasion, what course do you 
design to take? Nay, says the Cat, I have but one 
■hid for it, and if that won't do, I am undone. I am 
nrry for you, replied Reynard, with all my heart, and 
would gladly furnish you with one or two of mine, but 
indeed neighbour, as (imea go, it is not good to trust; 
we must even be every one for himself, as the saying 
is; and bo your humble servant. These words were 
flcarce out of his mouth, when they were alarmed by 
a pack of bounds, that came upon them full cry: the 
Oat, by the help of her one single shift, ran up a tree, 
and sat securely among the top branches, from whence 
Ae beheld Reynard, who had not been able to get out 


of sight, overtaken with his thousand tricks, and torn 
into as many pieces by the dogs which had surrouiul- 


A inaji that seta up Sir more cam 
neiglibouTB, is ganarajly a aitlj fellow 
la Blaster of a little judgment and insight into things, Itl him 
k(Kp tiiem (o hiineclf, and make uhb of then as he sen acca. 
iktij bul iie should not be (casing others with an idle and im- 
pertinent ostentation of Ihcm. One good ditereot expedisol 
made nso of upon an sntergency, will do a man more real aei- 
vioc, and make others think bettor of hiro, than to have passed 
. bU alon^ lilt a sbrewd cratlj knaTs, and ba bubbled at la^. — 
When any one hai beoii »uch ■ coxcomb as to insult his ae- 
qnunkance, by pretending to more polio; and Btratigom than 
Iba mt of mankind, thoy are apt to wi>h for aoaie dilticultj' tor 
him lo liraw his skill in; where, if he shoukt miscarry, (as ten 
to am bul ba does,) hie m'mSatnar, iostoad of pity, u sure la 
ba attended wilh laughter. He that aets up Su a biter, ■■ the 
plirase is, btiing generally intent upon bis pray, or vain of show- 
ing his art, frequently aipoers hinuelflo the traps of one sharper 
than himself, ami incur* the ridiculu of thusD whii]n he de- 
Kigned to make ridlculau5. 


FAB. LXI. The Parlridge and ike Cocks. 

A certain man having token n Partridge, plucked 
MHne of the feathers aul of its wings, and turned it 
into a little yard, where he kept game cocks. The 
cocks, for a while, made the poor hird lead s sad life, 
continually pecking and driving it away from the 
tneai. This treatment was taken the more unkindly, 
because offered to a stranger; and the Partridge could 
Dot but conclude them the most inhospitable, uncivil 
people he had ever met with. But, at last, observing 
bow frequently they quarrelled and fought with each 
other, he comforted himself with this reflection, that 
it was no wi>nder Ihcy were so cruel to him, since 
there was so much bickering and animosity among 


Tbia (abla comu homo to oumlves. We of thu island wart 
laokrd upon u cruel to ■tiitngcrs, to long aincc ii Aucuslut 
Ommt\ time. Honce. who hm the diaractei of being t»ppf 



BritBtincH, Hospitibug furoa. 
And whBD Virgil saya wo were^ ^ 

pcnclas loto divisioa orbs Britannos, 

ilia to be feared he meant in point of politeneEs and civilUf u 
wuli an Bitualion. Some moderns of oLhcr countries liavc ob- 
■erved Ilmt we are still addicted to that aversion to ibreigneri 
w our Cbrofathera ivere, and tliat we deserve titc characler, at 
teaat as much now, as they did then. Whether there is any 
thing in (he manner of our situation as an ialand. whii:h cui. 
■equently can be no thoroughfare lo other counlriaa, nnd M> ia 
not made uae of by strangers upon that account, wliich makes 
na thus ahy and uncivil^ or wliether it be a joalousy upon ac- 
count of our liberties, which puts ua upon beini; suspicious of, 
and unwiUing to liarbour any that are not niembira of tha same 
community, perhaps it wouJd not be easy to determine. But 
that it is BO in fact, is loo notorious lo be denied; and probably 
can be accounted for in no better way, than from the natural 
bent of our temper, oa it proceeds from aomelliing paeutiar to 
our air and climate. It has been affirmed, thnt there is not in 
the whole world besides, a breed of cocks and dogs, bo Gerou 
and incapable of yielding aa thatof onra; bat that either of thsm 
carried into tbreign countries, would degenerate in a few years- 
Why may not tlie same be true of our meni 

But if strangers find any inconvenience in this, there is a com- 
fortable consideration lo balance it on the other side, which ii, 
that there is no people under the sun so much given lo division 
■nd contention among Ihemaelvcs, aa we are. Can a stranger 
think it hard to be looked upon with soinc shyness, when he 
beholds how little tvB spare one anotlierl V/aa ever any foreign- 
er, merely for being a Ibreigner, treated with half that mahcB 
and bitternesB, which differing parlies express towards each 
□therl One would willingly believe, that this proceeds, in the 
main, on both aides, from a pasaionatc concern for our libertiei 
and well being; for there is notliing else which caii so well ei. 
cuse it But it cannot be denied, that our aversion, notwithstand- 
ing our being a trading nation, to have intercourse with straa- 
Eers, is ao great, that whon we want other objects fur our chur. 
shness, we raise them up among ourselves; and there ia aoroe- 
timea, aa great a strangeness kept up between one county and 
another here, as there la between two distinct kingdoms abroad. 
One cant so mych wonder at the conatant hostilities which are 
observed between the inhabitants of South and North Britain, 
of WalcB and Ireland, among one another, when a Yorhahiie- 
man shall be looked upon aa a foreigner, by a native of Norfolk'; 


id both be Uketi for outlandish inlrudere, bj one that huppcDa 

TAB. LXH. Th, Hunted Beaver 

It is said (hat a Beaver (a cicature that lives chiefly 
in the water) has a certain part about him which la 
good in physic, and that upon this account he is often 
hunted down and killed. Once upon a time, as one uf 
ciuMe creatures wns hard pursued by the dogs, and 
tnew not how to escape, recollecting with himself the 
reason of his being thus persecuted, with great reso- 
lution Bod presence of mind, he bit ofT the part which 
his hunters wanted, and threw it towards them, and 
by this means escaped with hia life. 

Bowever il is among beasts, Ihent are lew human creatures 
botwliat ue bunlcd for nomelliiag else, besides either their livea 
DrlhspleuureorhanlinglhGni. Tbo intiuisiti on would hardljr 
te 10 kopn agninat llifl Jews, iTthe; bad not someUiiag belong. 
int U them which their perreculora esteem more raluable than 
ma aoulc which, whenever that wise but obstinate people can 
pmail with IheniKlves to part with, there is on end of the 

e for Ihat time. Indeed, when lite is pursued ai 

H but bit lion- 

ualer it 

outcd ibr having damaged the commonwaallh, let him bul 
throw down some of (lie fruits of hie iniquity to the hontera, 
and one may engage fcir lua coming o3^ in other leapecti! nith 

PAE. LXin. TTtt Tunny and Ihe Dolphin. 

A fish, called a Tunny, being pursued by a Dolphin, 
•nd driven with great violent;e, not minding whidi 
way he went, waa thrown by the force of the wavea 
upon a rook, and left there. His death was now in- 
evitable; but casting his eye on one side, and seeing 
the Dolphin in the ^ame condition, lie gasping by 
him: welt, says he, 1 must die, it is true; but I die 
with pleasure, when 1 behold him who is the cause of 
it, involved in the same fate. 


Revenge, though a Hind mischievous passion, ia vol a Very 
«wert thing, lo aweet, that it can oven soolh the pangs and re 




I how easily 

BOOoUc lUb) tHebiltoinesaurdenth. And, indeed, it oink; n ■ 
lEnipcr highJ/ pliilovophical, thai could be driven out oriifc bj 
uj tyrannical unjuiit procedure, aiid not be louched with a eenu 
iit'uleuure to tee Uie author ot'it splitting upon the same ra ' 

Wtten Ihii is alloved, and it is furthar c 
lb* revepge of the ueaneil person may b( 
Uh highest, it should, inethinkB, keep people upon their guard 
ind pretul with them not to persecute or to be injurious Co any 
one. The moral turpitude of doing- wrong is suthcicnt lo influ- 
not e*ery bravo hoDest man, and lecure him from harbouring 
•ten the teut thought of it in Mi breait. But llie knave and the 
Covard should weigh the present argitmant, and before they 
Uiampl the least injury, be assured of this truth, that nothing is 
niore sweet, scarca any thing so eaey lo compusa as revenge 

FAB. LXIV The H-i;>k aH</_(AMW^iiajle 

A Nigbtingalc sitlint; all alone among (he shaily 
btancbeaof an oak, sung with so melodious and shrill a 
pipe, (hat she made the woods echo again, and alarmed 
■ hun^ hawk who was at some di.ilance off, watch- 
inf; for his prey. He had no sooner diBCovered the 
little muBician, but malting a stoop at the place, he 
Mixed her with his crooked talons, and bid her pro 


pMc for denth. Ah! says she, for mercj's sake, 
don'l do so barbarous a thing, and ao uubecoming 
vourself; consider, I never did you auy wrong, and am 
but a. poor small morael for such a. stomach as yours: 
rather attack some larger fowl, which may bring you 
more credit, and a better meal, and let mo go. Ayl 
says the Hawk, persuade me to it if you can: I have 
been upon the watch all day long, and have not met 
with one bit of any thing'till 1 caught you; and now 
you would have me to let you go, in hopes of some- 
thing better, would you? pray, who would bo the fool 


They that neglect the opporliinity of reaping a rnnotl advan- 
tage in hopes they shall obtain a better, ace fat from acting 
upon a. reasonable and well.advised foundation. The figure of 
time ia always drawn with a single lock of hair hanging over hia 
ioreheat!, and the back part of his liead bald; to put us in mind 
tliat we should be sure to lay hold of an occasion when it pre- 
■enta jtaeirto us, lest afterwards ivD repent us of oiu omission 
and fblly, and would recover it when it is too late. It is a very 
weak reason to give for our refusal of an offer of kindnaaa, that 
we do it hecaase we desire Co deserve a better; for it is time 
enough to relinquieli the smail affair, when the great one comes; 
if ever il does come. But supposing it does not, how can we 
tbrgiva ourselves for letting any thing slip through our hands, 
by vainly gaping after something else, which we never could 
obtain? He who has not been gtulty of any of these kind of er- 
rors, however poorly he may come off at last, has only Uic 
malice of fortune, or somebody else, to charge with his ill sue- 
Deia; and may applaud himself, with some comtbrt, in never 
having lost an opportunity, though ever so arnali, of bettering 
and improving his circumstances. Unthinking people have 
oflenUines the unhappiness to fret and toase themselves with 
retrospects of this kind; which they, who attend to the business 
of lil^ as they ougiit, never liave occasion to make. 



A Fo ^ 

glad o on d h sr pe h h of 

bu upon om s ^ nohwodbgnobe 

■o sensible of the disgrace such a delect would bring 
upon him, that he almost wished he had died, rather 
than left it behind him. However to make the best of 
t bod matter, he formed a project in his head, to call 
u Bssembly of the rest of the Foxes, and propose it 
tot their imitation, as a fashion, which would be verv 
i^reeable and becoming. He did so; and made a 
long harangue upon the unprofitableness of tails in 
general, and endeavoured chiefly to show the awk- 
vardness and inconvenience of a Fox's tail In parti- 
calir; adding, that it would be both more graceful, and 
DOre expeditious, to be altogerther without them; and 
that, for his part, what he had only imafrined and 
conjectured before, he now found by experience; for 
that he never enjoyed himself so well, and found him- 
■eir so easy, »s be had done since he had cut ntf his 



tail. He said no more, but looked about with a biisk 
air to see what proselyteH he haci gained; when a slj 
old thief in the company, who understood trap, an- 
swered him, with a leer, I believe you may have 
found a conveniency in parting with your tail, and 
when we ore in the same circumstances, perhaps w& 
may do so too. ^h 


W men were but generilly u prudent as Foxea, the; would 
not suffer bo many sUly fasluoni to obtain, at me doily Drought 
in vogue, for which scarce any reason can be Bflaigned, besidoB 
the humour of aome conceited voJn creatiiroi unless, which is 
full as bad, ihey are intended to palliate some defect in the per- 
ron tltat introduces tbem. The petticoat of a whole aex hai 
been someliniBs swelled to a prodigiaus eitcol, to screen on 
enormity, of whiob only one of them has been fuillj. And it is 
no wonder thai AUxaader Uir Great would bring ■ wry neck 
into limhion in a nation of slaves, wlwD we consider what power 
of tiiii naluro some littlo insignifii-onl <lappsr fellows tuivo Itad 
among a fiea iit'uple. 

FAB. LX\T TA? OH Man and Death. 

_ tun 

A \mor feeble old man, who had crawkd out into a 
Deij[hljOTiring noo(i to gather a few sticks, had made 
Qp hi<j bundle, and laying it over h!« shoulders, n'tks 
trudging homeward with it; but, what with age, and 
the length of the wst, and the weight of his burden, 
he grew so faint and weak that he sunk under it: and, 
as he aal on the grouiid, called upon death to come, 
once for all, and ea^ him of fail troubles. Death no 
sooner heard him, but he came and demanded of fain) 
what fae wanted. The poor old creature, who liltls 
thought Death had been so near, and frightened al- 
EDOst out of hii senses with his terrible aspect, a»- 
cwered him trembling, thai having bj chance let hi« 
bondtc ofsticlcB fall, aiid being too infirm to get it up 
hinMeir, he had mode bold to call upon him to help 
himj that indeed this was all he wanted at prescnL- 
*ad that he hoped bis worship was not ofTended wiUi 
for the liberty he had taken in so dain([. 






This FaLle gives us a lively reprcacntation of the general be- 
haviour of raankicd towardB ttiat grim Iting' of terrors, death. 
Sach liberties do tliej lake with him behind nis back, that, upon 
' ■ '■ ' happen in their way, dealli is 

night be 


(br thetn (o nnish by their own hands a life bo odious, so per|ietu- 
ally tormenting- and vexatious. When, let but death only offer 
to make his appearance, and the very sense of his near approach 
almost does the business: oh, then all tliey want is a little longur 
life; and titey nould be glad to comsoif so well.aa to have theii 
old burden laid upon their shoulders again. One may well con- 
clude what an utter aversion they, who in youth, Iiealth, and 
V gour of body ha e to dy ng when age po erty and wretcli- 
ednSBs a e not sufiic nt to r eon Uc us to the thought. 

I \B LWn The L 

The Lion, by chance, saw a fair maid, the foreat- 
;r's (laughter, as she was tripping over a lawn, and 
ell in love with her. Nay, so violent was his paa- 
(ion, thai he could not live tinless he made her hJs 
>wn; so lliat without any more Uelay, he broke 

e hift^^ 



mind to the father, and demanded the damsel fot his 
wife. The man, as odd as the proposal seemed al 
6rBl, yet, soon recollected, that by complying;, he 
might get the lion into his power; but by refusinj; 
him, should only exasperate and provoke his rage. 
Tlierefore he consented, but lold him it must be upon 
these conditions; that considering' the girl was young 
snd lender, he must agree (o let his teeth be plucked 
out, and his claws cut off, lest he should hurt her, or 
■I least frighten her with the apprehensions of thcni. 
The lion was too much in love to hegitale; hut was 
QO sooner deprived of his teeth and clans, than the 
treacherous forester attacked him with a huge club, 
■nd knocked his brains out. 


Of all the ill conseqoetices which ma; attrnd ihe blind pa*. 
•ion love, seldom hny prove eo fatoJ as thai one^ of drawing peo- 
ple into a »uddfln and ill concerted marriage. Tliey fommil a 
luh action in Ike midslof a fit of msdnesa, of wlijch as booh aa 
ttxj came to thcmaclvet, they may find reason 1o repent am 
toog B* Ihey live. Many an unthmking young fellow lias been 
treated ■> rauch tike a savage in this reepect, as llie Lion in the 
Fable. He has, perhaps, had nothing' valuable bclaneiag: to 
him, but hii estate, and the writings which made ilia title lo it: 
and if he ia HI far captivated, as to be persuaded to part with 
tbeae, hii teeth and Jiia claws are gone, and he lies snlirely at 
Ihe mercy of madam and her relations. All the favour In is to 
expaet afler this, is from (he aceidenlal goodnvKs of Ihe family 
lie Uliinto; which if it happens lo beof a particular atrain, wiU 
Botftillo keep him in a dislant subjection, after Ihey haveatripl 
him of sllhia power. Nothing but a f rue friendship, and mutual 
inters*!, tan keep up a reciprocal love between the conjagal 
pair; and when that ii wanting, and nothing bat contempt and 
avsnion remain In supply the place, matrimdny becomes a 
downrig^ht atateof enmity and hoctility. And whal a miaerabls 
cue must he be in, who has put himself and his whole powei 
into the hands of hia enemy, let (hose consider, who, while they 
■re in their nber senaek, abhor the thoughts of being betraved 
isto their tuin, by foUowing the Impulw of a blind, onheeiung 

The Lioncas anil the Fox moeliiig togclhcr, fell in- 
to discourse; and the conversation turning upon thc- 
breeding, and the rmitrulnesa of same living creatures 
abore others, the Fox could not forbear taking the 
opportunity of observing to the Lioness, that fur her 
part, she thought Foxes were as happy in that respect 
u almost any other creatures; for that thoy bred con- 
■tantly once a year, if not oftener, and always had 
a good litter of cubs at every birth: and yei, says she. 
there are those who are never delivered of more than 
one at a lime, and that perhaps not above once or 
twice through their whole life, who hold up their no- 
tes, and value themselves so much upon it, that they 
think all other creatures beneath Ihcm, and scarce 
worthy to be spoken lo. The Lioness, who all the 
while perceived at whom this reflection noinled. was 
fired with resentmeot, and with a good deal of vehe~ 
menco replied: what you have observed may be true- 


and that not without reason. You produce a great 
many at a litter, and oAen, but what are they? Foxes* 
I indeed hare but dne at a time, but you ^ould re- 
member, that this one is a lion. 


Oar prodiictions, of whatever kind, are not to be esteemed 
■0 much by the quantity, as the quality of them. It ia not bo- 
iof employed mach, bat weU, and to the purpose, which makes 
Hi naefiil to the mee we live in, and celebrated by those which 
•re to come. Aa it is a misfortune to the countries which are 
inftsted with them, for Foxes and other vermin to multiply, so, 
one cannot help throwing out a melancholy reflection when 
mo seee some particulars of the human kind increase as fast 
isthey dob 

But the moet obvioiM meaning of this Fable is, the hint it 
gifes OS in the relation to Aothors. These gentlemen shoold 
never attempt to raise tlk^mselves a reputation, by enumerating 
the catalogue of their productions. Since there is more glory 
ia having written one tolerable piece, than a thousand indiftr- 
eat ones; and whoever has had the good fortune to please in 
one perfcrmanoe of this kind, should be very cautious how he 
wahirea hie repntatieii in a eeoond. 


The Slag, grown old Bnii misciiievoua, was, acfoni 
ing to custom, stamping with his foot, making ofleis 
with his hcB.d, and bellowing so terribly that the 
whole herd quaked for fear of him, when one of the 
little Fawna coming up, addressed him to this pur- 
pose; pray, what is thn reason that you, who are so 
atout and formidable at all other times, if you do but 
hear the cry of the hounds, are ready to fly out of your 
skin for fear? What you observe is true, replied the 
stag, though I know not bow to account for it; I am 
indeed vigorous and able enough, I think, to make 
my party good any where, and often resolve with my- 
self, that nothing shall ever dismay my courage for 
the future: but alas! I no sooner hear the voice of a 
bound, but all my spirits fail me, and 1 cannot help 
making ofTas fast aa ever my legs can carry me. 




Thii U the cue ol' tasnj a cowardly bully in IhB world. He 
iiibiposedto be imperious and tyrdiiiucal, and tainaulthisconi. 
puu<uu,uid to Uko all opportunitieB of acting accoiding to big 
mcliution; but jEt it cautious whera be makes his baunts, and 
Uke> care to have to do onlj with a herd of rascolly people as 
rile and mean as himself. A man of courngo quashes him with 
a woid; and he who hai threatened death in ever;' eenlence, for 
a twtlre-month together, to (hose whom he knew it would al^ 
Mghl, at Ihe Tary frown of an intrepid man, has leapt out of a 
window. It is no onpleasant eight, to be present when any of 
thna gentlemen happen to be disarmed of Uieir terror before 
tha bee* of Iheir bumble ndmirera; there is a strange boistei- 
OQs ftraggle bclwiit fear, ahame and revenge, which blindu 
tbem Httli coniuaion; and though they would lain exerl a little 
courage, and show themselves men, jet they know not bow; 
there it nomething within which will not suffer them to do it. 
The predominaoce of oature will show itself upon occasion, in 
its true colours, through all the disguises which artful men en. 
daaraur lo throw over it Cowardice, particularly, gives ub but 
the more auspicion, when it would conceal itself under an affcc 
l«l lierceQeaa; as they who would smother an ill smell by a cloud 
of perliune, are imagined to be but the more ofTensive. When 
we have done all, nature will remain what she was, and show 
htneir whenever she is called upon; therefore whatever we do 
in cmtradiction to her laws, is so forced and aifected, that it 
hhoI needs expose, and make us ridiculous. We talk nonsense 
■rtian WB would areiie against i^ like Tesgue, who being asked 
'by he fled from his clours, asid that his heart was as good aa 
any in the regiment, but protested hie cowardly legs would run 
ivay with him whatever ha cootd do. 

FAB. LXX. The Young Man and the Swallow. 

A prodigal young ependlhrifl, who waslcd his 
whole patrimony in taverns and gaming houses, among 
l«wd, idle company, was taking a melancholy walk 
near a hrook. It was in the month of January, and 
Jiappened Co be one of thosQ warm sunshiny days, 
which sometimes smile upon us evea in that wiutry 
■eason of the year; and to make it the more flattering, 
1 swallow, which had made his appearance, by mis- 
take, too soon, flew skimming along upon the sur- 
face of the water. The giddy youth observing this, 
without any further consideration, concluded that 
Summer was now come, and that he should have lit- 
tle or no occaaion for clothes, so went and pawned 
them at the broker's and ventured the money for one 
■take more, among his sharping companions. Wheo 
this too was gone the same way with the rest, he 
took another solitary walk in the same place as be- 
fore. But the weather being severe and fi-osty had 

*S0P8 FABLE3. 


mtde every thing look with an aspect very dlSeront 
frotD what it did; the brook waa quite frozen over; 
and the poor swallow lay dead upon the bank of it; 
the very sight of which cooled the young spark's 
braios; and coming to a kind uf sense of his misery, 
be reproached the deceased bird, as the author of all 
hia misfortunes! ah, wretch, that Ihou wert! says he, 
thou bast undone both thyself and me, who was so 
credulous as to depend upon thcci 


Thc7 who &ci|aent tavi?rnx und guning liouna adA keep bad 
CDiDpuiy, •hoold not wonder if tbey were ledrjced in a jerj 
■nw lime, to psDury and want. The wretched young rellovrs 
wh» once addict themBclvea lo auch a acandalaiu kind of lile, 
•orcc think of or atlend la any one thing besides. Thej seem 
to Imiq Dolliing else m their heads, but how diey may squander 
■iiat th^ haia got, aad where thay may g-ct more when Ihit 
i> pne. They do not raake Ihe aiuno use of Ihoir reaaoii that 
olMr people do; but like Iha jaundiced eye, view every thing in 
llal fklH lig'ht ill which their distemper and debauchery repre- 
■sl iL Tlw young man in the table gives us a very pretty ex. 
unple of this, be seaa a flWaUow in the midst of winter, and in- 
■lead of being surpriead at it, as a very irregular and cilraordi- 
nUT tiling, concludea frem thence tliat it is aumiiier, as if he 
lailnever thought before about the season. Well, the result oT 
thta *iwe ooociusion is of b piece with Ihe conclmiion itselt* if 
it i< mmmer, he xhall not want so many clothes, therefore be 
•elU Ibem: for what? looro money to squander awayj as if (had 
Ui ohferration been justl summer would have lasted all the 
y<v round. But the true result and conclu-ijon of all is this, 
»fc«i both his money and clothes are irrecoverably gone, he 
aunts to his rijrht Kmsea; is ready to perish with hunger, la 
Mam with cold, and to tear his own 6eah with remorse and 
Ttulian, al his formlr (tB[Hdilj. 


Tl An"! I on} I 1 le Fiah 

A man waa angling in a river, and cnught a small 
perch; which, aa be was taking ofFthe Iiook, and go- 
ing to put it into his basket, opened its moutli, and 
hegan to implore hia pity, befjgiiig that he would 
throw it into the river again. Upon the man's de- 
manding what reason be liad to L'xpect such a favour! 
why, saya the fish, becauae at present, 1 am but young 
and little, and consequently not bo well worth your 
while, 08 I shall be, if jou take me some time hence, 
when I am grown larger. That may be, replies the 
man; but 1 am not one of those foola who quit a cer- 
tainty in experiation of an uncertainly. 


This Fable pointa much Ihe eaiiie waj as the Bixty-fourth, cu. 
ihst one moral may very Hell eetve Tor both, fiul the lesson 
Ihey teach is ■□ useful and inBlructJvc, thai d repetition of it u 
bjr no nicana (uperflaouB. The precepti which they would in- 
Ktjl into as, is, never to let slip the present opportunity, bat to 
lecura b) (Hirulvei everj little advantage, just in tho nick thai 

profian, vithi 
of umethins 
•piriti with h 
but, ■! Iho nine 


I npan, luid fmitleBs cxpeclalioni 
. Bt piaatnt obtaini 
lUting any thing which It nas la onr 

Till l.ji'ii linik ii f.KJcy to hunt in company with 
ihi; Ai.-; and, lo make him the more useful, gave him 
iDslruclions lo hide himself in a. thicket, an^ then to 
>>ny in the most ugly, frightful maimer that he could 
possibly contrite. By thia means, says he, you will 
louse all the beasts vrtlhin the hearing of you; while 1 
jtand at the outlets, and take them as they are making 
ulf. This was done, ami ihe stratagem look effect ac- 
cordingly. The Ass brayed most hiiieously; and the 
timorous beasts, not knowing what lo make of it, be* 
pn lo scour off as fust as they could; when the Lion, 
who WBB posted at a proper avenue, seized and de- 
'iiired them, ns he nleased Hiiving got his belly full 


he called 3ut to the Ass, and bid him leave off, telling 
bim, lie liad done enough. Upon this the lop-eared 
brute, came out of hia mnbush, and approaching the 
Ijon, asked him, with an air of conceit, how he liked 
hia perfonnance? prodigiouslyl says he; you did so 
well, that I protest, had I not known your nature and 
temper, I might have been frightened myself. 

A brairging coiiardl}> felJow may impaao upon people thai ds 
not know him; bi t it is tho greatest Jeat imaginable to thoa* 
that do. Thore arc many men, who appear Tory lerribls and 
big in th^ir manner of oxpreaaing thorn eel vee, and, if you could 
be persuaded to take their own word for it, are perfect lions; 
who, it| one [akos [he pnins to inquire a little into Iheir Inu 
nature, are as arrant aases aa ever brayed. 

FAB. XLVIII. The Sensible Asa. 

An old fellow was feeding an Asa in a fine green 
meadow; and being alanned with the sudden approach 
of the enemy, was impatient with the Aaa to i)Ut h'- 


nlf forward, and fly with all the speed that be « 

tbie. Tbe Asa asked hin 

whether or no he thought 

tbe enemy 



p two pair of pan 


btck] the 


no, there was n< 


Why then 


Ass, I'll not slir 


wlwt la It 1 


my master is, sin 

ce I 

cany my pan me 

fi, as 





IIF< h 


re, when UiBj are u 



vcrament. AU the 




of their sovoreign. 


poorer sort 

. ir made to work 
And yet how nre they Bometimei 
impoied upon, and drawn in, by the arliliceBof a lew mlBtaken 
u designing men, to Toment factions, and raise rebellions in caoei 
where they can get nothing by the success: but, if thoy miscarry, 
an iu daDger oFeuSering an ignominious, untimely death. 

F4B. LXXIV. lite Boasting Traveller. 

One wlo hail been abroad, ni hi< 
■gain, was giving an account of his 

jEsofs fables, 

among otlier places, said he had been at Rhodes, where 
he had so distinguished himself in leaping, (an exercise 
that city was famous for,) that not a Rhodian could 
come near him. When those who were present did 
not seem lo credit this relation so readily as he intend* 
ed they should, he took some pains to convince them 
of it fay oaths and protestations; upon which one of 
the company rising up, told him, he need not give 
himself so much trouble about it, since he would put 
him in a. way to demonstrate it in fact; which was, to 
suppose the place they were in to be Rhodes, and to 
perform this extraordinary leap over again. The 
boaster, not liking this proposal, sat down quietli 
and had no more to say for himself. 


It ia VBry weak in all men, as well those who have tnivel 
aj those who have not. w bo Bolicitoua with their company to 
boliere them, wlien they are relating a matter of fact, in which 
Ihcmselves were a party concerned. For the more nrgant a 
man appears at such a tune, in order lo gain credit, the more hi) 
aadieiico is apt to suspect the truth of what he relates. They 
perceive his vanity la touched more Uibd hb honour, and that it 
IS his ability, not his veracity, which he cannot bear lo hare 
qneslioned. And indeed, Ihoogh a man were ever so fully satis, 
iisd of loch A truth himself, he should consider, that he is still 
u far from being ablo lo convince others, es if ha werealtogelh- 
er ignorant of iL Thercfcre, in all eases, where proper vnuch. 
ers ore expected, we had belter be contented lo keep our exploits 
(o oarselves, than appear ridiculous by contending to liave them 

How much more then should travelled gentlemen have a care 
how they imporl lien and inventions of their own, tVcm (bteirn 
pBrts, and attempt lo vend them at home for staple truths- 
Every time Ihcy utter a falsehood they are liable, not only tube 
suspected by the company in gennrul, hut to be detected and 
exposed by some particular person, who may hare been at Uw 
lams place, and perhaps know how to coavici ihsni of their 
Ibrgery, even to a, demonstration. 


FAB. LXXV. The Brother and Sister. 


A certain man had two children, a son and daugh- 
ter. The boy, beautiful and handsome enough; the 
gir! not quite sn well. They were both very young, 
tod happened one day to be playing near a looking. 
glass, which stood upon their mother's toilet: the boy, 
pleaaed with the novelty of the thing, viewed himself 
for some time, and in a wanton roguish manner, took 
notice to the girl how handsome he was. She resent- 
ed it, anil could not bear the insolent way in which 
he did it; for she understood it (aa how could she do 
Mfaerwise) intended for a direct affront to her. There- 
(ijre ahe ran immediately to her father, and with & 
great deal of aggravation, complained of her brother, 
particularly, for having acted so eiTeminate n part aa 
to look in a glass, and meddle with things which be> 
longed to women only. The father embracing them 
with much tenderness and afiection, told them thai 
be (hould like thorn both to look in the glaaa kjnj 

day; to the intent that you, aaya he to the boy, if you 
think that face of youra handsome, may not disgrace 
and spoi] it by an ugly temper, and a foul behaviour. 
Tou, says he, speaking to the girl, that you make up 
for the defects of your person, if there be any, by the 
sweetness of your manners, and the agreeabjeness of 
70ur conversation. 


There is Bcarceanj thing we we in the world, especinlly wh«I 
belnnss to, and hangs about our own person, but is capable of 
affording us matter for some serious and useful consideratioD. 
And this table, noiwithslandin^ the Bcenc of it is laid at th(> 
«ry beginning and entmnce of hie, jot utters a doctrine worthj 
(he altention of every alnge and degree thereof, from the child 
to tlib old man. Let eaeh of us lake a glass, and viow ^niielf 
considerately. He that is vain and Bclf-conceited, will find 
beauties in every feature, and liis whole shape will be withoui 
(aolt. Let it be w^ yet, if he would lie complete he must take 
care that the inward man does not detract from and disgrace 
the outward; that tbe depravity of his manners does not spoil 
tiis face, nor the wrong'neas of his behaviour distort his limbs; 
or whieh is the soroe thing, make hie whole person odious and 
detestable to the eye of hiB beholders. Is any one modest in 
this respect, and diffident of himself? or has he indeed blemishea 
and imperliictions, which may depreciate bim in the sight of 
■nonkind? let him strivo to improve (he faculties of the mind, 
wliere perhaps nature has not crampt him; and to excel in the 
beauties of a good temper, and an agreeable conversation, the 
charms of which are so much more lasting and unalterably en- 
dearing than those of the other sorL They who are beautiliil 
in person, have this peculiar advantage, (hat with a moderate 
regard la compiaisanca and good manners they bespeak every 
one's iipinioD in their favour. But then, be the outside of a man 
ever so rough and uncouth, if his acquired accomplishments are 
but sweet and engaging, bow easily do we overloolt the rait^ 
«nd value him like an oriental jewel, not by a glittering outside, 
which is common lo baser stones, but by his true intrinsic 
worth, his bright imagination, liis clear reason, and the tran» 
parent sincerity »f his honest heart. 


FAB. LXXVI. The C !l and th Fulle 


Tbe Collier and the Full b g IJ q ntan e 
happened upon a time lo n t 1 ;; th d II It 

ler being but ill provided w th a h b t ( n waa n 
f ited by the former to come and 1 n th m h se 
N'ilh bim> I thiink you, my d f nd pi It e 
Fuller, for your kind offer hut t nnot b fo f 1 
were to dwell with you, whenei er t should take pains 
to scour and make clean in the morning', the dust of 
you and your coals would blacken and deHle, as bad 
u ever before night. 


ll ia of no ■mall impcirlance id Life, to ba cautious vbat com* 
puijr WB keep, anil witli whom we enter into friendship; Tor 
ttHmgh «> ire erer w well diapoaed ourgulves, and happen Ui 
te flTcr K free fmtn vice and debauciicry. yet ir ihoae with 
whoiD w» &ei]uentlj convcrM, are pnjraged in a lewd, wicked 
•Wme, it will be atmoit impnaaible for ua la eacape being 
down in with them. 

If we are liulj wise, and wonld ahun those Siren rock* of 

I split be 


pleasure, upon whiob no many bi 

forbid all manner of' co 

wilh IhDBo who are slecring a comae, which reaeon talle us li 

not fill our adranta^e, but would end in our dostructian. 

'All the virtue wo can boast oF vtiii not be aufficicnl to insure 
m, if wo embark in bad company: tor though our philosophj 
were such, as we could preserve oureelvea nom being taiot^ 
and intected with their manners, jet Uieir character would twist 
aDd entwineitself aloDg witbours, inso intricate a ibid, that the 
world would not lalic the trouble to unracel and separate Ihem. 
Reputationa are ofa subtle insiniTatin^ texture: like water, that 
which is derived from the clearest spring, if it chances to mix 
with a fou] current, rans on, undistinguished, as the muddy 
stream for the future and must lor over partake of the colour 
luid Gond tiDU of ta asso ate 

FAB LXXVII The Fov and Ike Vizor-maak. 

A Fox being in a shop where Viaor-niBska were 
sold, laid hia foot upon one of them, nud considering 
it awhile attentively, at last broke out into tbis exclu- 
mation: bleas me, eays he, what a handsome goodly 
figure this makes; what a pity it ia, that it. should 
want brains. 


01* Uicir ampje farlancs, take caie to accornplish Ehemaelvea w 
ewBTj thing but CDnimon Beage. In short, [he whole world U a 
muqaeradei and a man of a tolerable talent for abaervation, may 
entertain hhnselfas wellinthumiitiiBeeaiblieshe meets within 
life, as at the moat magnificeiit expensive rerela provided and 
ordared tor that purpose. Many of the faces one meets witb 
anuoe the gaj frolic part of our apecios, if searched forbraini, 
wuuliT appeal as arrant vizors as that in the fable. 

FAS. LXXVIII. The Tko Fr,, 


One hot giiltry summer, the lakea and potids being 
almost every where dried up, a couple of Frogs agrrcd 
to travel together in search of water. At last they 
came to a deep well, and sitting upon tlie brink of it, 
began (o consult whether they should leap in or not. 
One of them was for it; urging, that there was plenty 
of clear spring water, and no danger of being disturb- 
ed. Well, says the other, ail this may be true; and yet 
I cannct come into your opinion for my lift:; for if the 


water should hap pi 
we get out again? 


dry up here too, how Biiould 


The moral of (his fable U intended to put ua in mind to Ml 
before ice leap. That we should not undertake any actioo of im- 
portance, without ctmsideriiig first, what the event of it is like 
to prove, and haw we shall be able (o come olT, upon aucb anil 
such provisos. A good general does not think he diminishes 
uiy thing of his character, when ha looks forward beyond thil 
main action, and concerts measures, in case there sliould be 
occasion, for a safe retreat 

How man; unfortunate matclies are struck every da; for 
nant of this whaleaome consideration? Profuse living, and ei- 
travaganl gaming, both which terminate in the ruin of thoso 
that ftliovr lliem, ore mostly owing to a neglect of this precau- 
'"' ' td counsellors adTisB, and ignorant prince; 

) extricate itself, w 
acouraged by the rash aceeSHion of (hose, wlio never consider. 
i liow ihey were to get out, until Iher plun^d themselves 
TecuVHriibJ; intu them. 

FAB. LXXIX. The Covetous Man. 


A poor covetous wrefcb, who had scraped logciher 
a good parcel of money, went and dug a hole in one 
of his fields and hid it. The great pleasure of his life 
vas, to go and look upon his treasure, once a day at 
least; which one of his servants observing, and guess- 
ing tbeie was something more than ordinary in the 
place, came at night, found it, and carried it off. The 
next day, returning as usual, to the scene of his de- 
light, and perceiving it had been ravished away from 
him, he tore his hair for grief, and uttered the dole- 
ful complaint of his despair to the woods and mea< 
Aows. At last, a neighbour of his, who knew his 
temper, overhearing him, and being informed of the 
occasion of his sorrow, cheer up, man, says he, thoii 
liasl lost notlring; there is the hole for thee to go and 
peep at still, and if thou canst but fancy the money 
there, it will do just as well. 



Of all the applites to which Iiumiin nnture is aubjecl. Done 
u to strong, so laating, and at the same time to unaccoiuitablc, 
vLhatof avarjce. Our uUier deairei, generallj cool and slacker 
at Lhe approach of old age; but Ibia flouriehea under grey hairs, 
and triumphs amidst impoMnce and infirinit;. All our other 
lonjfinjri tiave Bomething to be niil in excuse lor them, let them 
be at what time of life soever. But it ii above reason, and Iheie- 
fbre trulj incomprehenaibte, whj a man shauld bo passionately 
fond ormooey, only Ibr the sake of gazing; upon it. 

Nescil quid valeat nmi 

His Ireagure is ae useful to iiim as a hcapof oyBlsr.shetls; Ibi 
though he knows how many subslsntial pleasures it is able to 
procure, yet he dares not touch it; and is aa destitute of money 
to all intents and purposes aa the man wbo is not worth a groat. 

This is the (rue state of a covetous person. To which, one of 
that fraternity may possibly make this reply, that wiion we have 
said all, since pleasure is Ihe grand aim of life, if there arises a 
delight to some particular persons from the bare possetsiOD of 
riches, though ^ey do not, nor even Intended to make use of 
them, we may be puziled how to account for it, and think it 
Tory strange, but onghl not absolutely lo condemn the men 
trho thus closely and innocently pursue what they esteem the 
greatest happiness. 

True, people would be in the wrong to paint ci 
in such odious colours, were it not incompatible with 
But here arises the mischief; a truly covetous man will stick at 
nothing (o allain his ends, and when once avarice tE.kea the 
field, honosly, charily, humanity, and lo be brief, arery virtue 
which opposes it, is sure lo be put to the ronl. 


An Eagle had built her nest upon the top branches 
of an oak. — A wild Cat inhabited a hole in the middle, 
tad in the hollow part, at bottom, was a Sow, with a 
whole litter of pigs. A happy neighbourhood: and 
might long have continuetl so, had it not been for the 
wicked insinuations of the designing cat. For, iirst 
of all, up she crept to the Eagle; and, good neighbour, 
Mjs she, we shall ail be undone; that filthy sow, j'on- 
der, does nothing but lie rooting at the foot of the 
tree; and, as I suspect, intends to grub it up, that she 
may the more easily come at our young ones. For 
my part, 1 will take care of my own concerns; you 
may do as you please; but I will watch her motions, 
ibnugh I slay at home this month for it. When she 
had said this, which could not fail of putting the 
Ragle into a great fright, down she went, and made 
a Tiail to the Sow at the bottom; and putting on a 

jEsops Cables. 

sorrowful kce, 1 hope, says she, you do not intend to 
go abroad to-day. Why not, says Ihc Sow; nay, re- 
plies th3 other, you may do as you please; but I over- 
heard the Eagle tell her young ones, that she would 
treat them with a pig, the first time she saw you go 
oul; and 1 am not sure but she may take up wilh 8 
kitten in the mean time; so, good-morrow to you; you 
will ejccuee me, I must go and lake care of the little 
folks at home. Away she went accordingly; and by 
contriving to steal out softly anights for her prey, and 
to stand watching and peeping all day at her hole, 
aa under great concern, she made such an impression 
upon the Eagle and Ihe Sow, that neither of them dar- 
ed venture abroad, for fear of the other. The conse- 
quence of which was, that themselves and their young 
ones, in a little time, were all starved, and made 
prize of, by the treacherous Cat and her kittens. 


Tills shows us llie ill conaequenei! which may itlend the giB. 
tag eur to a. gossippiiig double totigued neighbour. The mu. 
chiers occBBionsd by Bitch credulity, are innumerable, uid tou 
aotorious not to be obaervod every trheie. Many sociable, nell. 
diapaaed familios, have boen blown up into a perpetual diacord 
and aversion to tach othef, by one ufthoae wicked go-betweona. 
So that, whoever would thorouglily acquit himaoIF of the im- 
putation of being a bad neighbuur, should guard himself both 
Dgalnat lecciving ill iuipressioDB b^ hear-say, and uttering his 
opiniona of others to Ihoae inquisitive buay-bodies, who in cnsp 
ofaeandaljcaji magnify ■ gnat lo the BizeofaCHtnel, ami swell 
a mole-hill to a moiintiiii. 

FAB. LXXXI. The Goat and the Lion. 


The Lion, seeing the Goat upon a steep craggy 
rock, where he could not come at hirn, asked liiiu 
what deliglit he could take to skip from one precipice 
to another, all day, and venture the breaking of his 
neck every moment; I wonder, says he, you wont 
eoroe down and feed upon the plain here, where there 
U fuch plenty of good grass, and fine sweet herbs. 
Why, replies the Goat, I cannot but say your opinion 
b right; but you look so very hungry and designing, 
Ihal to tell you the truth, I do not care lo venture my 
peraoii where you are. 


AilvicR, though good in JtMlf, is lo be auapected, ivhen it 'u 
ginn by ■ trickiog Ktr-jatcrealod man. Perh&ps wa should 
ttit upun oursulrei, nut only ■ very great, but unneecasarj 
trouble, if we were to au^pect every man who goca to advise u>. 
But this, liowovcr, it neciuury, that whon wc have rea»n lu 
question »nv one, in point of honour and juilice, we not only 
condder well before we lunVr ourwlvea to h« penuaded by hin>, 


but ciei resolve to have nothing [o do in any sfFuir, where inch 
treaclieroUB Elipperji aparka are coacerned, if we ciui iToid it 
without mui'h inconvenience. ' 


Tlie Lion hearing an odd kind of a hollow voiceg 
and seeing nobody, started up; he liatened again, and 
perceiving' the voice to continue, even trembled and 
quaked for fear. At last, seeing a Frog crawl out ol 
the lake, and finding that the noiae he had heard was 
DOthing' but the croaking of thai little crealure, he 
went up to it, and partly out of anger, parlly contempt, 
spurned it to pieces with hia feet. 


This Fable is a preltj image of the vftin feara and omply ter- 
rors, with which our weak miasnided nalurc is ao apt to be 
nlarmacl and distracted. If we heur ever ao lilllc noiae which 
we are not able to account for immediately, naj, aflen belbts 
WB give ouraelvea lime to conaidor aliout il, we are struck with 
AiT, and laoour under a most unmanly, unreaaonable tie^dt 
tioa. More etiieciilly, if the alarm happniu when we are uodb. 

jEsops fables. 

■nd in the dark. These notionB uc ingrafted in mu minds very 
cmIj; tre luclt them in with our nurse's milk) and theretbre it 
ii Ibe man difHcult, when we me grown up, and nslianiod of 
Iham, ti> root Ihom out of our nuture. But, in order to it, it if 
veil worth oar while to obBerveithBt the moat learned, lliD mosi 
ingenious »nd candid writers in oil ages, have ridiculed ondox- 
ptoded the belief of such phantoms, as the weaker part of man- 
kind sro apt t« be terrified with: intimating, that goblins, Epec- 
lr«, apparilionB, fairies, ghosto, Jtc Wore intended by knavoa 
lo frighten Ibols with. 

Fear in a nstiirol passion; and its use is, to put us upon our 
guard Bgainst danger, by alarming the spirits. Now all passions 
■hfTuld be kept in a. stale of subjection; ^r though they are good 
osefiil servants, yet, if once they get the belter, Ihcy prove iho 
moel dnmineoring tyrants iniagmable; nor do any of tliem treat 
us in «0 ^vish and abject a manner as that of foot. It un. 
nerves and sniiwbles our iinibs, precipitates or fetters our tm. 
•Icrstanding; and, at the same time it represents a danger near 
It hand, 'iisaims,and makes us incapable of defending ourselves 
■gainst iL This is the cawi even in respect of real danger; as 
fire, thieves, or violent enemies, and even in this case, s man of 
eilber sense or honour would be ashamed to be detected of 
iuch I wenkncra, But when the muk of our alarm i> pound- 
le«s, and subsists no where but in our childish imagination, we 
ibould not only take care bow we expose ourselves upon that 
i£Coaiit, but resclvB to man our understanding with reason and 
brtitude enough to maintain it against the attacks of every lit- 
tle imaginary phantom. 

Evea those who have thoroughly reasoned the point, may jet 
retain something of the old woman in their minds, w I lich having 
Hken root too deep Id bo entirely plucked out, may wimiitimes 
sqrprise them in an unguarded moment, and make thi>m start 
bke the lion in the lable; but then lliey presently recollect 
themselves; and, as he did, treat the wuse of their dclniioi 
vtth the utmost contempt. 

^S0P8 PABlM. 

FAB. LXXXUI. The Fir-tree and the Brambie. 









11= ::,^^^^^^^^^ 

^^^ft^'" - 


^^^^;:::ii(: ': 

A tall straight Fir-tree, that stood lowering up in 
tlio middle of the forest, was ho proud of his dignity 
and high station, that he overlooked the little shrubs 
which grew beneath him. A bramble, being one of 
the inferior throng, could by no means brook this 
haughty carriage, and therefore took him to task, and 
desired to know what he meant by iti Because, saya 
the Fir-tree, I look upon myself as the first tree for 
beauty and rank, of any in the forest; my spiring top 
Bhoots up into the clouds, and my branches display 
themselves with a perpetual beauty and verdure; while 
you lie grovelling upon the ground, liable to be crush- 
ed by every foot that comes near you, and impover- 
ished by the luKurious drippings which fall fmm my 
leaves. All this may be true, replied the bramble; 
when the woodman has marked you out for pub- 


, and the sounding axe c 

nes to be applied to I 


Tmr root, I am mistaken if you would not be glad lo 
clnnge conditiooa with the ver; worst of us. 


If (he giest were to reckon upon the niiichiclB to which ther 
tre exposed^ and poor prjrate mea consider the dangers which 
Ihej in«ny times escape, pnrelj by haing bo, notwithstanding 
tbs seeming differenco there Bppeara lo he between them, it 
wDold be no uuch eaiy matter, (U mo«l people think it, lo deter. 
loiaeirhicli condilion is the more preferable. A reasunable man 
would declare in tavour of the latter, without the least hcaita- 
Iko, u knowing apon what a steady and safe aecurily il is 
emblished. For the higher a man la exalted, the fairer mark 
he eives, and the more unlikely ho is to escape a alorm. 

What little foundation therefore has the greatest ftvoaritBto 
fortune, to behave himself willi insalencc to those bulow himj 
vhoM circumelanccs, thoagh he is bo elated with pride, as to 
despbe them, are, in the eye of every prudent man, more eligi- 
hle than his own, and Buch as ho himself, when the day of ic 
count comee, will wish ho bad never eieeeded. For, as the 
ricWn which many over-grown great ones call the goods of fbr. 
tnae, are seidom any other than the goods of the ptihlic, which 
they haTS impudently, and felonlousTy taken, so public justici 
generally orertakes them in the end; and whateroi their lite 
may have been, their death is as ignominioui and unjNlied la 
that of the moanesl and ntost olncure Uiiefl 

The Bull being pursued by the LJon, made towards 
B cave, in which he designed to secure himself; but 
(vas opposed just at the entrance by a Goat, who had 
gut possession before him, and threatening a kind of 
defiance with his horns, seemed resolved to dispute 
tbe pass with him. The Bull, who though he had no 
time to lose in a contest of this nature, immediately 
made offagam; but told the Goat, that it was not for 
fear of him or his defiances: for, says he, if the Lion 
was not so near, I would soon make you know the dif- 
ference between a Bull and a Goat. 

It ta very inhuman la deny succour and comfort to people 
[n tribulation; but to insult tliem, and odd to the weight of their 
■nislbitune, is something HupertutiTely bruliah and cruel. There 
ia however, in the world, a sort of wretches of thia vile temper, 
that wait for an opportunity of sg-gravaling' their neiehbour'i 
sffliction, and defer the eiBKUlion of thair evil inclinsUons un- 
til they can do it to the best advantage If any one labours no- 


expeasive law-auit, lert he ihould escape from thnt, oi 

of Ibeae gentlen 

1 wiU u 

n; buping at least, to ki 

Lt bay, while t 

irfnl adverBary atticka biin on tbe other eide. One 
Hoiidet this temper, without obitcrving Bomething remarkably 
Mmrdlj in it; far tbcae whilHing unlagoiUBtB never begin their 
cnCDUater, oalil Ihey are sure the pcrsou they aim at, is already 

A Fowler wjis placing hia nets, and pulliiie his 
tackles in order, b; the aide ofacopae, when a Black- 
bird, who saw him, had the curiosity to inquirii whal 
he was doing. Sajs he, I am building a city for you 
birds to live in; and providing it with meat, aiid oil 
nner of conveniences for you. Having said this, 
he departed and hid himself; and the black-bird, be- 
lieving his words, came into the nets and was taken. 
But when the man came up to lake hold of him, if 
this, M/B he, be your fnitL and honesty, and these tbe 

«80P3 FABLES. 
, I am of opinion, you will havt; but 


Mctfunka this fowlor acted a part very like that which some 
kings and rulem of the people do, when they lell them, that tha 
pnijectg which they liave contrived with a separate view, anil 
for their own private interests, are laid for the benefit of all (hat 
will come to them. And to such the blaek-bird truly apeaks, 
when he affirms, that erectors of such schemes will find but few 
lo stick by them at the long run. 

We cidaim against it, as something very base and dishonest, 

tlie taith which they have publicly plighted, and tricked us out 
of our properties. Bui what must we call it, w)ii;ii govomon 
themselves circumvent their own people, and contrary to the 
forms upon which they are ndmltlad to govern, contrive traps 
and gins to catch and ensnare them in? Such goiernars may 
succeed in tiieir plats the first time; but must not be sorpiised, 
if those who have once escaped their clutches, never bavB opin- 
ion enough of Ihem to trust them for llie future. 

FAB. LXXXM. .Tupiler and Pallas. 

Once upon a time, the heathen gods had a mind lo 
icli a particular tree into their patronage and 
tuition. Jupiter chose the oak; Venus waa pleased to 
name the myrtle: Apollo pitched upon the laurel; 
Cvbele took the pine; and Hercules the poplar. Pallas 
being present, expressed her admiration at their fan- 
cy in making choice of trees that bore nothing. O, 
«ajs Jupiter, the reason of that is plain enough, for we 
would not be thought to dispense our favoufit with 
any mercenary view. You may do as you please, says 
■he, but let the olive be my tree; and I declare that 
my reason for choosing it is, because it bears plenty 
of noble useful fruil. Upon which the thunderer, 
putting on a serious composed gravity, spoke thus to 
the goddess; — Indeed, daughter, it is not without Jus- 
tice that you are so celebrated for your wisdom: for, 
onlesi some benefit attends our actions, lo perfonu 
Ibem only for the sake of glory is but a nlly husinens. 



This £ible la to put us in mind, that wo iihaulil intend aome- 
thing- itsefiil and beneGcial in all our actions. To undertake 
tilings with no other vier, liut tbat of etnpt; glorf, whatever 
rame curious dreamers may fancy, is employing our time alter a 
Teiy idle foolisb manner. The Almighty created tlie world out 
of hia infinite goodneaa, 6r the good of his creatures, and not 
out of a passion lor glory, which is a vain, silly, mean principle. 
Ami when we talli of glorifying the Author of our Beiog, if wa 
tlitnk reasonably, we must mean showing our gratitude to Him, 
by imitating this goodness of Hia, as mr aa wa are able, and 
endeavouring to make some good or other (lia aim of all our 
onderlakingB. For if empty glory ba unworthy the porauit of 
a wise man, how vastly improper muat it ba to maka an offer- 
ing to an all-wise Deity. 

FAB. LXXXVTI. The Fox and ike Bramble 

LA Fox hard pressed by the hounda, was getting 
over a hedge, but tore his foot upon a bramble which 
grew just in the middle of it; upon which he re- 
proached the bramble for his inhospitable cruelty, 
usiny a stranger, who hnd fled to him for proteclioii, 

iiy, m 



afler sach a barbarous manner. Yes, say^ the bram- 
ble, you intended to have made me serve your turn,, 
I know: but take this piece of advice with you for the 
future; never lay hold of a bramble again, as you ten* 
der your sweet person; for laying hold is a privilege 
that belongs to us brambles, and we do not care to 
let it go out of the family. 


Impertinent people, who are most apt to take liberties with 
others, are grenerally the moat surprised, if they are retorted up- 
on with any severity; thoueh they, of all people, have the least 
reason to expect quarter. It cannot but be pleasant to indiffer- 
ent spectators, when they see one of thb fraternity meet with 
his match, and beaten with his own weapons. He that is known 
to be an ill man, may be hurt unpitied; his misfortunes are con- 
ferred upon him to the satisfaction of him that occasioned them: 
and we do not look upim him as an object of pity, but an eZ' 
ain^ of justice. 

This fiible has an eye to a moral which has been already 
dxEWB from some others; and advises us to be cautious whom 
we lay bold on, or meddle vnih in too familiar a way; fi>r, those 
who can lay hokl again, and perhaps, are better qualified for it 
than ourselves, are careflillj to be avoided. 

8 jESOP'S fables. 

FAB. LXXXVIII. The Cat and tkt Mice. 

A certain house waa much infested with mice, but 
Bt last they got a cat, who catched and eat every day 
some of them. The mice finding their numbers grew 
tliin, consulted what was best to be done for the pre- 
servation of the public, from the jaws of the devour- 
ing cat. They debated, and came lo this resolution, 
that no one should go down below the upper shelf. 
The cat, observing the mice no longer come down aa 
usual, hungry and disappointed of her prey, had re- 
course to this stratagem; she hung by her hinder legs 
on a peg, which stuck in the wall, and made as if she 
had been dead, hoping by this lure to entice the mice 
to come down. She bad not been in this posture 
long, before a cunning old mouse peeped over the edge 
of the shelf, and spoke thus: Aha, my good friend! 
are you there? there you may be! I would not trust 
myself with you, though your skin were stuffed with 



Prudent folks never trust those a. second lime, who hnve de- 
MlTcd them onco. And indeed, ne cannot well be toocauliona 
in Sillowing tliis rule; for upon eiarainalion, we shall find, that 
BWil of the mUforluncB which befal us, proceed from our too 
pen credolil;. They thot know how to suspect, without 
bur(in|r or exposing themselves, until honesty comes to br 

FAB. LXXXIX. The Fox and the Countryman. 

A Fos being haril hunted, and having run u long 
cliase, was quite tired. Al last he spied a Country 
fellow in a wood, to whom he applied for refuge, in- 
trealing that he would give him leave to hide himaclf 
in bis cottage, uniil the hounds were gone by. The 
man coaaenteJ, and the Fox went and covered him- 
•elf up close in a corner of the hovel. Presently the 
hunlera came up, and inquired of the man, if he had 
Ken the Fox. No, says he, I have not seen him in* 
deed; but all the while he pointed with hta finger to 
the place where the Fox was hid. However, the hun- 



lers did not underatand him, but called ofT the hounds, 
and went another way. Soon after, the Fox, creep- 
ing out of his hole, was going lo sneak off, when the 
man calling after him, asked him if that was hia man- 
oerii, to go awiiy without thanking his bonefactar, to 
whose fidelity he owed his life. Reynard, who had 
peeped all the while, and seen what had pmsed, an- 
swered, I know what obligations I have'to you, well 
enough; and I assure you, if your actions had but been 
ugreeable to your words, I should have endeavoured, 
howevei incapable of it, to have returned you suitable 


Sincerity i« a most benuUful virtue; but there are eome.. 
wliosc nuturcs are eo poor BpiriUid and cowardly, that tlicy are 
Dot capabla of exerting It. Indeed, unless a inin be BtHady and 
oonstanl ill all liij actiona, ho will linrdly deserva the name of 
aincere. An open enKiiiy, though more violent and terrible, is 
not however bo odious aud detestable as a false friend. To pre- 
tend to lieep another's counsel, and appear in their inlaroBt, 
while underhand we are giving intelligence to their enemies, is 
treaclinroui, knavish, aod base. There are some people in the 
world very doitcroUB at this kind of defamation; and can, while 
they Msem nuisl vehement in the comniendatioa or defence of a 
Itiend, throw oiit a hint which will stab ihoir reputation deep- 
er, than the moat maliuioUB weapon brandished at them In a 
puUic iniuiuei, could have been capable of doing. 

£S0P'3 FABLEa. 

FAB. XC. A Man bU by a Dog. 

A man who bad been sadly torn by a dog, was ad- 
Tised by some old woman, as a cure, to dip a piece of 
btead in the wound, and give it to the cur tbat bit him. 
He did so; and ^Csop happening to posa by just at the 
ume time, asked him, what he meant by iO The man 
informed him: why then, says jEsop, do it as private- 
ly as you con, I beseech you: for if the rest of the 
logs «r the town were to see you, we ahould all be 
Mt up alive by them. 

Nothing contribnlei ao mDch to the incr««w of roguery, u 
■hen the undorlakings of a rogue am attended willi Buecen. 
If it wcrn nol Ibi tear of pimuliment, ■ gn^t part of mankind, 
who aa« make a ahill to ke«p thoniaelveH h^m(^l<Z, would appear 
(Tot viltaini; but if criminsli, instoad ofmeeling with punisb- 
ncnti w«rE, by baring been vuch. In aitaiii honour and prefer. 
uent, our ualural inclination tii mischief would be impiowd, 
■od we ahould l>e viclicil out of emulation, 



FAB XCI. Fortune and the Boy. 

A Boj was sleeping by the side of a well. Fortune 
saw him, and came and waited him, saying, Pr'ytbee, 
good child, do not he sleeping here, for if you aliould 
fall in, nobody would impute it to you, but lay all the 
blame to mc, Fortune. 


Poor F'ortuno haji b g reat deal thrown upon her indeed: and 
often times very unjoilly too. Those of our actions which are 
attended with aucctMS, though ollen owing to eonio accident or 
either^ wQ BBCtibe witliout any Bcruplc, to Bome particular merit 
or good qunlity in ourBelvea; but whnn any of our doing* mis- 
carry, though probably through oar own insufliciuncy or ne- 
glect, all the ill conaequencee arc imputed to Fortune, and we 
■cquit ourselves or having contributed any thing tiiirardB it. 

The aillicst part of each aci, when they dispose ofthemsolns 
indiscreetly and diaadvantageoualy in marriage, and hare noth ' 
ing else lo say in excuse, cry out, O there is a rata in erorj 
thine, and there ie no resisting fate, &,c. But these poor pea- 
pis should take notice, that, as thoy have a very good proverb on 
their aide, in relation to Fortune already, it is highly unreason- 



n tbeo) to cliim more thui their thare, and to iiaRribe Iho 

!»3s uT their own tbolishndgaliatioiiK, to tlie msnagoment 

I ifFortane. Probably, the tirsloccaeionorconliningtliesmiles 

I «rForttuie to people ot thiBEtampmoreparlicuJai'lj.niigbtu'iMi 

m the improbahility of their Buccecdiiig by any nrt, or right 

^ milicuion of their own. And therefore, by an opposite rule, 

Iha wise and induatrious only should be entitled to good luck, 

nd bate it in tbeir power to change ibrlune with every loss 

Md cnw* which be&llB tiiem: Tor if, when they have cooceited 

the meuiues jndicioaslj, and been vigilant and active in their 

' buuncH, mattera refuK atill to answer eipectalioos, they mast 

th klluwcd to have very hard fortime: hut fools have not the 
lari right to tiike hold of thle handle. 

FAB. XCII. The Mule. 

A Mule, which was fed well, and worked little, 
grew fat and wanton, and friskt'd about very notahlj. 
And why should not I run as well as the best of themT 
■tys be. It is well known, I had a horse to my father, 
uid B Ter; ;;ood racer ho was. Soon afler this, bia 
iQUteT took him out, and being upon urgent business, 
vhif^ted and spurred the Mule, to make him put for- 


ward: who, beginning to tire upon the road, changed 
his note, and said to himself, ah, where is the horse's 
blood you boasted of but now? 1 am sorry to say it, 
frienil, but indeed your worthy sire was an Ass, and 
not a horse. 


HosrcTer hig'Ii their blood mnj beat, one may venture lo of- 
linn IhoaE 1o be but mongrela, und nsaes ]□ reality, who make ■ 
buallo about their genealogy. If Boine in the world should bo 
Tain enough to think they can derive their pedigree troai ono 
of the old Itoinon families, and being ottierwiee deetitute of 
merit, would fajn draw eonie froui thence, it might not be im. 

E roper upon such an occaaion, to put them in mind, that Rorno. 
«, the firat founder of that people, waa baao born, and ths body 
of iiii lu^ecta made up of out-lawa, murderers and felons, Ihs 
■cum and otf-scoiiring of the neighbouring natioiu, and th*t 
they propagated their deoccndante by rapeij, 

Aa a man truly great, ahinei aulficicntly bright of himseir, 

they whoBB lives are eclipsed by ibulnosa of obscurity, instead 
of ahowing Id advantage, look hut the darker lor being placed 
In the Mune line with their illnitrioui IbrefklherB. 

FAB. XCIII. The Foi and the Ape. 


Once upon a time, llie beasis wore «o void of ret 
Km as to choose the Ape for their King-. He had dan- 
ced and diverted them wjlh playing antick tricks, and 
Inily nothing would serve, but they must anoint him 
Ibeir sovereign. Accordingly, crowned he was, and 
iffecled to look very wise and politic. But the Fox, 
Texed at his heart to nee his fellow-brutes net so fool- 
ishly, was resolved, the first opportunity, to convince 
them of their sorry choice, and punish their jackanape 
of a king for his presumption. Soon after, spying a 
Ir«p in a ditch, which was baited with a piece of flesh, 
he went and informed the Ape of it, 33 a treasure 
which, being found upon the waste, belonged to hia 
majesty only. The Ape dreaming nothing of the 
[natter, went very briskly to take possession, but had 
no twiner laid his paws upon the bait, than he waa 
caught in the trap; where, betwixt shame and anger, 
be began to reproach the Fox, called him rebel and 

176 ^30F3 FABLES. 

trailor, and threatened to be revenged of him; at all 
ffhich Reynard laughed heartily; and going olT, add- 
ed with a sneer, you a king and not understand trap! 


A weak man sboold not nspire to be a king; for if he were, in 
the end, it would prove aa inconvenient to himBelfaB disadvan- 
UgBona to the public. To be qualified for such an office, an 
office of the laat importajice lo manliind, llie person should be 
of a dietinguished prudence, aod most unblemiiJied integrity, 
(oo hunent to impoae npoo others, and too penetrating to bo im- 
posed upon; thoroughly acquainted with the laws and gcniuB 
of the realm he is to govern; brave but not paBsJooale; good- 
natured, but not Eofl; aspiring st juet catceni; despieing vain 
glory; without superstition; without hypocrisy. 

WJien thrones have tieen filled b; people of a diSerent turn 
fhim tliis, histories show what n wretched figure they always 
made: what tools they were lo particular persons, and what 
I'logtTei to their subjects in general. They who studied their 
poseions and entered into their foibles, led Ihcm by the nose u 
they pleased; and look them otf from the guardioaship of the 
pubhe, by soioe paltry amusement, that themselves might have 
[be belter opportunity to rlfic and plunder IL 

The young' Mole ^nufTed up her nose, and lold hei 
0am, she smell an odd kind of a smell. By and by, 
slrang^! saya she, what a noise ihere is in my eavs; 
IS if ten thousand paper-mills were going- A little 
after she was at it ngain: look, look, what is that I 
Ke yonder? it ie just like the flames of a fiery furnace. 
To whom the dam replied, pr'ythee, child, hold your 
idle tongue; and if you would have us allow you any 
sense at all, do not affect to show more than nature 
hail given you. 


ll ia vondc^rdtl. that aSecUIion, that odiouB quality, thonlil 

htn been alwa; 

more duagreeahlc to otlier 

WMri iL By aiTectalion, v 

Mine iccomjitish menu whi( 

be tnartd of, that among diBCeming people al least, when w» 
nulcaviiui ll an^ thing- or this kind, inilcnd of luccaeding in 

liiui hurtful to the person lliit 
im at bring tltonght to posseaa 
e have not, or, at showing what 


la il not ridiculoUB to eee an old battered beau put himnlf tu 
pais. Ibal be muy appear \o Uead linn, and walk Btrong and 
Dp(i|htl a man defective in hU eyen, run agatiist a post, nlber 
than conless lie tFanled a guide! und one thai was deati nus- 
taking every tiling you s>y, ratbor thui you should suspeut he 
cUBot bear? yet psilups theee Ihings are done every day; and 
imitated, in wmu other aBectatioo, by the lery people wbo 
Ibiw;)i at thAm. 

n is Bach for llie iutereat of the ladi<n to take iIub into ^n- 
F<ider«tioa: and^ stoce they houaewife their ciuLnvM too w^ tjr 
par w Ih tl de It y et (hem nbc thai evaiy k 

they aff an unres g ace th y se a aubatantiaJ b ■■ j 

F\B. XC\ rke Fox mid the Boa 

The Boar stood whi.tling his tusks against an old 
Tree. The Pox, wlio happeped to come by at the 
WJne time,, asked turn wliy be made those martial 
preparations of whetting bis teeth, since there wis 
no enemy near, that he could perceive! That may br, 


master Reynard, said the Boar, but we should scour 
up our artns while we have leisure, you know; for, in 
time of danger, we shall Itave something else to do. 


B* dwt ia not idle, vhcn he i> >t leisure, ma; pUy with his 
liariBaab A dlaerceC man ■hould bave a reserve cf ever; Ibing 
■tal is maammrj beforehand, that irheD Ihe time come* tbr liim 
Is Mdw wa of them, hu may not be in a hurry and conrusion. 
A wis* fSMTal haa not hia men to dincipline, or hia ammuni. 
bos (s provids, wban the trumpet HHind a, toann>;but eeU apart 
hii daes oT uitraaa fiir one, sod his ■aagaBiiea for Ihe other, 
is ths ealm sss w o of peace. 

Ws hopn (o Ins to B good old age; (hoald we not then lay 
>p ■ Mors of eonTeniences Bfainst Uiat time, when wa ahftU 1» 
meat in wsnl of them, and t«ut able tn procuie lliemT 

Ws mOBl da; nay, nnTcr atari; we nmA. Are Uiere not some 
aisiMiri things Cat na In Iranract beAre we dt:[uiit; at leaat 
NMS 0)tfs 01 Other ibr ua to bequeath, which a aodden Btrake 
■sy pwsf t ■* iijBL laingT auro Lheie i» And, if ao, bow in- 
ME^Ua shall wc be, if we deler the execution of it until the 
al^n sons* vpoo lu. I did not Udnk b< tl, ia an exptaniou 
aBsoTthj of ■ wias msa'a mouth, and waa only inleoded Sx Uw 




He Old Woman and the Empl^ Cn=k 

An Old Woman aaw an emply Cask lying, (roni 
which there had been lately drawn a quantity of choice 
racy Palm Sack: the spirit of which yet hung about 
the vessel, and the very lee yielded a grateful cordial 
scent. She applied her nose to the bung'-hole, and 
enuDing very heartily for some time, at last broke out 
into Ihia exclamation; Oh! the delicious smell! how 
good, how charming good must you have been oncel 
when your very dregs are so agreeable and refretdi- 


Phadrui vna an old man when he wrote his Fables, and thi> 
he a.pplicB to himself, intimating what we ought to judge of hia 
^oath, when hii old was capable of aacb productions. Bnt 
sure tliis ig a piece of vanity that diminlaheB sometliln|[ of tlie 
good savour of an agieeable old man; and it had been inai- 
aomer lo have left us to make the applicatiun for him. 

It ie at once a pleasing and melancholy Hea, wliich is pveD 


■s by the tiow of an old man or woman, whose conversation is 
relishing and agreeable. We cannot forbear representing* to 
oonelves bow inexpressibly charnting those must have been in 
the flower of youth, whose decay is capable of yielding us so 
nuch pleasure. Nor, at the same time, can we help repinmg 
that this fountain of delight is now almost dried up, and gting 
to forsake us; and that the season in which it flowed in the 
freatest abundance, was so long before we were acquainted 
frith the world. 

It is DO diflicult matter to form a just notion of what the prime 
of any oiie*s lifo was, from the spirit and flavour which remaiu 
eren in the last dregs. Old ase, merely as such, can never 
render a person either contemptible or disagreeable in the eyes 
of a reasonable man; but such as we find people at that time of 
file, much the same they certainly were, in those which they 
adl tneir better days. As they can make themselves agreeable 
notwithstanding the disadvanta^s of old age, they must have 
been highly entertaining in the vigour of youth; so, whenever we 
meet with one in years, whose humour is unpleasant, and man- 
■srs borthensome, we may take it for srranted, that even in the 
prime of youth such a one was tioublesome, impertinent and 


W £80P'8 FABLES. 

FAB. XCVIL The Fowler and the lark. 


A Fowler sat snares to calc.h larks in the open field. 
A Lark was caught, and finding herself entangled, 
could not forbear lamenting her hard fate. Ah! wo 
la me, says she, what crime have I committedl I have 
taken neither silver nor gold, noi any thing of vaJue; 
but must die for only eating a poor grain of wheat. 


The iireguliLr Bdministrntion of justice in the world, is indeed 
■ Teiy melaneholy subject to think of. A poor fellow shall tv 
hanged far stealing s rotten sheep, perhaps to keep his family 
bom Btarving-, while one, who is slreuly great and opulent, 
thall, for that very reason, think himself priviloged to cummil 
mlmoat any enormities. But it is necessary that a show and 
Ii»'m of juatice should be kept up; otherwise, were people to be 
ever so great and succemful rogues, they would not be able to 
keep poHsBasion of, Bod enjoy their plunder. One of our poel». 
In his description of a court of justice, calls it a place 
Where little villains must submit to fate, 
Thai great ones may enjoy the world in sule. 


m IBmL-dJed) Ihit a 

Lc that ia Ukcn pickiag a pockut of 

Ad Owl wt sleeping in a (ree. But a Grasshoppc-r 
*ho wM singring beneath, would not let her be qniel, 
ibuaing her with very inilecenl and uncivil langucrgei 
telling ber, she was a scandalous person, wlio plied 
inights to get her living, and shut herself up all day 
in a hollow tree. The Owl desired her ti> hold her 
longue, and be quiet: notwithstanding which she wbi 
the inure impertinent. She beggod of her a second 
lime to leave off; but all to no purpose. The Owl, 
vexed at the henrt, to find that all she said went for 
nothing, cast about to inveigle her by a stralageni. 
Well, says she, since one must be kept awake, it is a 
pleasure, howeveri lo be kept awake by so ngrk'eible 


a voice; wliich, I must confess, is no way inferior to 
the finest harp. And, now 1 think on it, I have a bot- 
tle of excellent nectar, which my mistress Piillas gave 
me; if you have a mind, I will give you a dram to wet 
your whistle. The Grasshopper, ready to die with 
thirst, and, ai the some time, pleased to be so com- 
plimented upon account of her voice, skipped up to 
the place very briskly; when the Owl, advancing to 
meet her, seized, and without much delay, made ber 
a sacrifice to her revenge; securing to herself, by the 
death of her enemy, a possession of that quiet, which 
duringf her lifetime she could not enjoy. 
Humanity, or what wo uDderataDd by cDinmon civiliiy, ib not 
more b. naccesiiry duty, than it ia easy to practice. The man 
that ia guilty of ill-niannera. ifhe liae been bred to know whut 
is meant by manneris, must da violence to himself, as well as to 
the person he otTenila; and cannot be inhuman to olhera, with- 

II has been obaerved, in the application to the forly-BBventh 
fiible, that people of a captious temper, being generally in the 
wrong', in taking things ill, which were never bo intended, are 
likely to be but the more persecuted, in order to be laughed out 
of their lolly, and that not unjustly. But, we muattake care to 
diatinguish, and when any thing truly impertinent and troublc- 
Kime haa been said or done to another, not to repeat It, hecause 
he lakes it ill, but immediately lu desist from it; especially when 
he is to modernle, a« la make it his request two or three timet 
before ho proceeds openly to take his course, and do himself 
justice. This point abouid be well considered; for many quar- 
rels of very ill conaequencea, have heen occasioned by u raah 
unthinking persistence in the impertinent humour before men- 
Uoncd. Some young people are fond of showing their wit and 
intrepidity, and therelbre take such occasions to do iu And 
when a friend is peeviah (aa one may have a private cauae for 
being ao) they will not leave, till Ihey have rallied them out of 
it; no, though he entreala them oyer to gravely and earnestly. 
Whereas, in truth, wc have no right to be impertinent with ono 
unother lo extremity; and though there is no law to punish such 
Incivilities, as I have t)een speaking of, they will scarce &il of 
" rscrvcd and just chastistrnent 


« ail of I 

FAB. XCrX. The One-eyed Doe. 

A Doe that hud bul one eye, used lo graze near 
llie sea; aitd ihnt she might be the more secure from 
harm, she kept her blind side towards the water, from 
whence she had no apprehension of danger, and with 
the other surveyed the country as she fed. By this 
Tjgilance and precaution, she thought herself in the 
utmost security; when a sly fellow with two or three 
of his companions, who had been poaching after her 
several days to no purpose, at last took a boat, and 
fetching a compass upon the sea, came gently down 
upon her, and shot her. The Doe, in the agonies of 
death, breathed out this doleful complaint: Ah, hard 
GUe' that I should receive my death's wound from 
that side, whence I expected no ill; and be safe in 
Ibal part where I looked for the moat danger. 

Life u •ofull of accidents uid uncertain I iei, that, with iltlte 
use, we can never bo lald lo bo cnlirctj free Irom 

danger. Aad (hough thare ia bnl one waj far oa to come into 
the wurlit, the paBeoifeB to let us out of it are iritiuincrable: lo 
tbatire ma; guard ourEelvsB [igainottlie most visjlilc and threat- 
eaiag ilia, as much ns we pleaae, but wc shall atill leave an un- 
guoriled aide to a Ihousond latent mischiera which lie in ambush 
nmnd about ua. The moral, ttierefare, which auch a refloctioa 
ang^Bts lo us ia, to be neither too secure, nor too aolicitoua 
■bout the safety of our perEOD;ae it ia impose ibie tor ua to be al- 
WBja out of danger, so would it be imrBaaonablo and unmanly 
lo be always in fear of that which it ia not in our [>ow«r lo pru- 

fish and the Sca-fi<>li. 

The waters of a river being mightily swelled by a 
great flood, the alream ran down with a violent cu^ 
lent, and hy its rapid course carried a huge Barbel 
along with it into the sea. The fresh water sjiarlc 
was no sooner enme into a new climate, but he began 
to give himself aire, to talk big, and look with con- 
tempt upon the inhabitants of the place. He boasted 
that he was of a better country and family than any 
among them, for which reason they ought to give 



phce to him, and pay htm respect accordingly. A 
tine large Mullet that happened U> swim near bioi, 
■nd heard his insolent language, bid him liold his 
ftilly tongue; for, if they should be taken by fishermen, 
and carried to market, he would soon be convinced 
vho ought to ba?e the preference; we, says he, should 
be bought up at any price, for tables of the first qtiali' 
ty, aad you sold to the poor, for little or nothing, 


irbai ibrei^en ipeak ligliltj af the comitry lliey happen to 
bt in, ud crj op their owiu It is, indeed, naturiU Ic nave u 
cflbcUm fbr one'* own native place; nor cao we perhopB, in our 
earn ntind, help preArring it before onj otber; bat it is cettoin. 
\j bitfii imprudent and unmmineily, lo eipress this in anatber 
Boonlr;, lo people wbo»e opinioiM it mosl need" contr»dicl, bj 
thi *ama mle that it plcosea aur awn. 

But howerer, granting that there i> a certain difference be- 
Iweea countries, so oi to make one greatly preferable, in ths 
pmeralitj of opiniona lo another, yet what has this to do with 
Ih* merit of particular persona? Or why should any one value 
bimtirapon uiy advantage over others, whicb i« purely owing 
lo accident? It must be from some uxefu. or a^eeable talent in 
MrMtve^ that we are la merit the ealcem of mankind ; and if 
•« thine in a superior degree of virtue or wisdom, whatever 
gar oatire air happened lo be, virtuous and wise men, of every 
m6od DQiier heaven, will pay us the regard and the ockaow- 

F iB C[ Esop at Pk) 

An Athenian one da\ found Ssap at play with a 
company of little bovs at their clnldi^li diversions, 
and began to jeer and laugh at him for it 1 he old 
fellow, who was too much of a wag himself, to suffer 
others lo ridicule him, took a Imw, unstrung, and 
laid it upon the ground. Then calling the censonous 
Athenian; now, philosopher, says he, expound this 
riddle if you can, and tell us what the unstrained bow 
implies. The man, after racking his brains, and 
scratching his pate about it a considerable time to no 
purpose, at last gave it up, and declared he knew not 
what to make of it. Why, says jEsop, laughing, if 
you keep a bow always bent, it will break presently; 
but if you let it go slack, it will be fitter for use when 
jou want it. 


The mind of man ia like a Bow, in thid respect; for if it be 
kept tlwayi intent upon buaincBs, it will either brisk, and be 

Uul riporta 


imd Inr nolblng; or kne that spring uid encrg; 
' quind is uncwba would acquit himself wiUi crcd 
■nd direnioiis >ootb and alnrken it, aiid ktcp it 
la be awrted to tbe beet idvajiUi^, upon occasion. 

■ citiier iiom pride, ill-nature, or lijpocrigy, when 

irc, and are oiftndiid at tJio liberties which olliers 

ID thus iclaxing their mindd. Sloth and idleness, by wludi 

neglect the pronciilionorour necessary affairs, must be con. 

med by all meana; but those that know how to dispatch the 

proper biuintia of life well and scaioiiably enough, need be un. 

dar DO Bpprelieiuion of bein^ surprised at tbeii divereioiia, if 

Ihcy han nothing diahoneal in iheui. 

Aa LbMo aiuuaemenls ought to be allowed, because thej are 

if we ilka it, as well play with children as men; and ralhet if 
wt find they can dirert us belter, which is not very seldom the 
caw. Some men and women are useiess and untractablc In 
eierj cireumiitanca of life, and some clLldren i 
«Bl«rtuning, with an agreeable undesigned n 
eence and cunning, that the company ol the 
liinea, more [relerable and diTertuig 

FAB. (.11 The 

1 engagliig and 
latlei U many 

. and the Pig 

A Juckdau, obaeTvin); ihal ihe PiRfi 

190 £30P>S FABLES. 

Uin Dovecote, lived well, and wanted for nothing, 

vhite -was lied his feuthers, and endeavoured to look 
as :iiuch like a Dove as he could, went and lived 
unnng them. The Pigeons not distinguishing him 
Bs long 39 he kept silent, forbore to give him nny di»- 
turbance. But at Inst he forgot hia character, and 
began to chatter; by which the Pigeons discovering 
what he was, flew upon him, and beat him aw>y from 
the meat, ao that he was obliged to fly back to tha 
Jackdaws again. They not knowing hitn in his dis- 
coloured feathers, drove him away likewise. So that 
he who had endeavoured to be more than he bad 3 
right to, waa not permitted to be any thing at all. 


Tb* [vetaiiltng fo be of principles whicli we no Dot, cither 
out of ftar, or any prospect of advantage, is a very base vilB 
thing, and whoever is guiltv of it, dcserrea to meet with ill 
treatment from all aorU uuT condition* of men. But Uia iMt 
of it ia, there ia ml fear of loch counterreilB imfming np^ fta 
worU long, in ■ diagoise bo contrary to their own nature; let 
thera but open their raootln, and like the Daw in the FiUe, 
the; iiDDiedioIsI/ ptoclaim their kind. If they sliould deceiro 
for a while, ij appearing- in ui unquestionable place, or hang- 
ing out I'alas eoloura, yet if touchetl upon ttie right string, Ihey 
would bediacoversd in an instant; lor when people are actings, 
wrong port, their very vchce betrays themj they eillier eannol 
act their part authciently, or they overact it; and whicbena it 
the case, a man of discretion and honour, will be aura tu^aSar 
gmali ad di«rnnnlaBanw such pitifiil impaiSBn. 


A Sow tnd « Bitch happening to meet, a debfttL 
■rose betireen them concerning tbetr fnutfulDcsa- — 
The Bitch insUted upon it, thnt she bioiight more at a 
htler, and oftener, than any other fouT-Ieg;^ed creature. 
At, nrs the Sow, foa do indeed, but 70U are always 
ia Ml much haste about it, that you bring your pup- 
pies into the worid blind. 


Tie mtm lorte, the learir iprrd, is a most excellent pmvsTb, 
^ worthy to be worn upon fomt airafncuem part of our dmu 
•r n^apBgr, thai K may give aa a proper cbeek, when we n> 
•bout any thin^ sf I mpurtuicf ; wliicli otbirwiac we migJit bs 
apt la purine with Im mudi hurry and precipitalioB. tl is na 
•ooder our productiorn ahouM cnme into Ihi; world blind, or 
hme, or otherwito rfefrclive, wlinn by onrraturnl mclhorfi we 
Mcebrate their birth, and reliue lo let them gn their full lima. 

And if ■ haaty puUication he siKh a eiime, what miut it bo 
b brae, and maiv profesiion of it in prefiiccB and dpilieatioo*. 
M the practice of aomc iiT Sure >uch writerit fnncy Ibc worU 
win admire their parta, when they endcavoin- thi - ----- 


Ti bow much they hav 

But hi 

id pajoa 

hey givs UB of this kind, may be so far usefiil u lo 
induce UB 10 lake Ihcm at their word, and spare ourselves thu 
Irouble of perusing a treatise, which they assure UB beibrcliand 
u incorrect and faulty, through (he idlenesa, impalicnco or 
wilful neglect of the author. 

FAB. CIV THe Sparrow avd the Hare. 

A Hare being seized by rii Eagte, squeaked out in 
a moat woful matmer. A Sparrow tliot sat upon a 
tree just by it, and saw it, could not forbear boin^ un- 
reaBonably witty, but calleft out, and said to the Hare: 
So ho! what ait there and be killed? Pr'jihee, up and 
awavj I dare say, if you would but try, so swift a 
creature as you are, would easily escape from the Ea- 
g^e. As he was going on with hiB cruel raillery, down 
came a hawk, atiii snapt him up; and, notwithstanding 
his vain cries and lamentations, fell a (IcvourinB of 
him io an instant. The hare who was just expiiingt 



yel reeeiTed comfort from this accident, e?en in the 
agonies of death; and, addressing- her last words to 
tbe Sparrow, said, You, who just now insulted my 
miriortuoes with so much security, aa you thought, 
mj please to show us how well you can bear the like, 
Mv it has befallen you. 


NalUBe i* mora impertinent thut lor people to be giving 
tbsir opbuon uid uliice, in caim, in which, were (hey to ba 
their own, themselvcB would be ta mocb M a loas wh&t to do. 
Bui Ki gnat ui itch IisTe most men la be directors in tha kT- 
&irB of others, eitlnr to show the si^riorit; of their imderetuid- 
LQg.orthcirown security and exemption from the ilia tbey would 
b*Ta remoTed, that Ihoy forwardW Mid conceitodJy obtnda 
their eouasel, even a.1 the Jioznrd of their own nfety and repu. 
tiliofi. There have been tnelunceB of these, nlio cither officiaus- 
[j, IV Ibr the jcat's rake, bare qwat much of their time in rend- 
ing lectnie* of eooaoiiiy to the real of the world; when at tha 
tame tinw their own ill hosbandry baa been inch, that thay 
were (breed to quit tlitir dwelling, aod take lod|i(ine«; while 
iait goods wore sold to muke a. compeusatioQ £}r the dobta 
which Ihcy owed the petty Iradesmen. 

Withoal giving mora eiamplea of this kind, of which erary 
OB* Bay tilmiih hiniMlf with enough from his own obaervBlion, 
we cannot but conclude, tlul nono are greater objeetii of ridl- 
cole, than they who thus merrily assunw a character . which aC 
lio aame time, by ■onis accideoti of their life, they convince us 
of their being uuSt for. 


As Tiberiug CtBtar was upon a progrrss to Naples 
once, he put in at a house he had upon the mountain 
MUenus; which was built there by Lticullus, and com- 
manded a near view of the Tuscan Sea, having a dis- 
tant prospect even of that of Simli/. Here, as he was 
walking iti the gardens and wilderness of a most de- 
lightful verdure, one of his domestic Slaves, which 
belonged to that house, putting himself into a most 
alert posture and dress, appeared in one of the walks, 
where tno emperor happened to be, sprinkling the 
ground with a watering pot, in order to lay the dust; 
and this lie did so officiously, that he was taken notica 
of, and even laughed at; for he run thiough privatfl 
alleys and turnings, from one walk to another; so that 
wherevei the emperor went, he still found this fellow 
mighty busy with his watering-pot. But at last, his 
design being discovered, which was, that he fancied 
Cmsar would be so touched with this diligence of lus, 


as to make him free; (part of which ceremony con- 
sisted in g'iving the slave a gentle stroke on one side 
of hia face;) his Imperial majesty being dispused to be 
merry, called upon him, und when the man came 
op, full of joyful expectations of his liberty, Hark you, 
Eiiead, saya he, I have observed that you have been 
very busy a great while; but it was impertinently busy, 
in officiously meddling where you had nothing to do, 
while you might have employed your time better else- 
nhere; and therefore 1 must be so free as to tell you, 
that you have mistaken your man; I cannot aflbrd » 
lioi of the ear, at so low a price as you bid for it. 


f latfrat tells us, apon hiii word, thsi this la a triio elory, and 
thUhewril it for UjCBakeori. sotorbctuBtrioueidle ei^nllemen 
It Eome, who were haraased und fatigued with a daily xucces. 
•ion of eve and tioubtc, because tfaej bad nothlag- to do; al- 
wtji in ■ hnrrj, but without bustneee; busy, but to no purpoee; 
Unannj; under a voluntary nECeasity; and taking obundoucc 
of piina to show they were ^ood lor nothing. 

Bat what great town or cit^ ie «o entirely free from ihla Met, 
u to render the moral of thi» fable useless any where? fnc it 
poinls al all those otiicicHU good natured people, who arc eter- 
uily tunning up and down to serve tbeir friends, without doing 
them any good; who by a complai^iance wrong judged or ill ap- 

ly endeavour t.i oblige; and a 

purpose, than when they are most employed. 

here who think themselves entitled to good 

" " m dabblers in 

T (aiting M inquire the news of the day of 
and eiprossing a hearty satisfsction, or a 
deep concern, as the account given has afibcled thcml 

There is anollier sort, who are so concerned lest vou should 
Gad out that they are mere cyphers in life, tliat tti'ey overact 
ibcir part, and sre ever in a hurry; who appear at CofTec-houses, 
■ad other public places, looking about eagerly for one with 

that they [nay have an opporluniiy of telling you lliat they can. 
nut powibly do it People of this cast alnays aulwiribe theil 



j> JOQ odIj 

letter! with b yours in ipr™' Juiiti though they w 
becaUBfi Ihey have nothing else lo do. 

In a word, this Fable is designed for the retbrmation of nil 
tboie who endeavoar to raise lo [hemactveB merit and BpplBiuB 
fiom a misapplied indiatrj. It la not our lieing- busy and of- 
ficious that will praeura ua the efileem of men of lense; but the 
intending and contriving our aetiona lo some noble useful pur. 
•z the gentra! i-ood of mankind. 

FAB. CVJ. The Sheep Biter. 


A certain Shepherd had a dog, upon whose fidelity 
he relied very much; for whenever he had an occa- 
sion to be absent himself, he committed the care and 
tuition of his flock to the charge of this dog; and, to 
encourage him to do hia duty cheerfully, he fed him 
constantly with sweet curds and whey; and sometimes 
threvr him a cru^t or two extraordinary. Yet, not- 
withstanding this, no sooner was his back turnedt 
than the treacherous cur fell foul upon the flock, and 
devoured the sheep instead of guarding and defending 
them. The shepherd, being informed of (his, was 




resolved to hang him; and the dog, when the rope 
ffu ftbout bis neck, &nd he waa juat going to be tied 
ap, began to expostulate with hia master, aakeU him, 
vhf he was eo unmercifullf bent againat him, who 
wu hia own aervant and creature, and had only com- 
mitted one or (wo crimes; and whj he did not rather 
execute vengeance upon the wolf, who was a constant, 
open and declared enemy] Nay, replied the shepherd, 
it is for that very reason that I think you ten times 
more worthy of death than him; from him I expect 
nothing but hostilities, and therefore could guard 
tgainst him. You I depended upon as a just and faith- 
ful •crvanl, and fed and encouraged you accordingly, 
•mi therefore your treachery is the more notorious, 
ud jour ingratitude the more unpardonable. 


No injurici aic ao bitter and lo inexcumble as thoas wiucli 
jsoceed Irom men whom we liuited u friends, imd in nbom 
■e pliced a conGdencB. An open enemy, hou/cvcr invelerste, 
nay arerpowcir and deatroy us, or perhaps may hurt and afflict 
0* onlj in aomc meaanrB; but, as «uch a IrcatniiMit cannot ^ur. 
ftin Di, because we expected no leu, neither can it giva lu 
lalf the grief or uneasineae of mind, wliicii wo are apt to feel 
when wo find ouraclves wronged by the Ireacherj and false- 
bood of » friend. When the man whom we trusted and ealBem. 
cd, prorea injurious to us, it ia a calamity so cruelly compli. 
dated in ila circa mstancea. that it involvea us in a griel' of 
Bauj raids, and multiplies llie aum of our julelicity At oue 
and tbe same time, we God a foe where we least expected; and 
lose a fiiend when we moat wanlsd him: which niUt^t be aa 
ivnit and piercing aa it ia aurprising. It is natural, tliotefbra, 
<ot oat rcMntinenl to be in proportion to our aenac of such an 
injury; and that we ahould irish the puniahment of so extraor- 
dmarv ■ crime may be, at least, as great as that which iisually 
■ttenda an ordinary one. 

■ 3 

FAB. CVII. The Thief and the Dog. 

A thief coming to rob a certain house in the night, 
was dislitrbed in his attempt by a tierce vigilant 
dog, who kept barking at him continually; upon wlijch 
the thief, thinking to stop hia mouth, threw him a 
piece of bread: but the dog refused with indignation; 
telling him, that before he only suspected him to be i 
bad man, btit now, upon his oflering to bribe him, ho 
was confirmed in his opinion; and that, as he was in- 
trusted with the guardianship of hia master's house, 
he should never cease barking while such a. rogue a» 
he lay lurking- about if. 


ji mho is *erj free ir 


O^TB of ^f eat Glvilitj, upon the first i 
Bpptause and eiiteDin frani foola, but contrtrea hia Bchemas of 
that sort to little or no purpone, in the company of men of aonw. 
It is B common and known maiim,toaUBpocl an enemy even 
the mora, for hia endeavouring to convince ua of his henevo. 
knee; becauee the oddnaas of the thing pula ub upon our guurd, 



one pernicious deiivn mnit be 
ineipocted a lum oi bchaviouri 
bul it it no nnnecesrary caution, to be upon tha watch agaiosl 
BTen inditTerenl people, when we nerceivo them uncominonly 
fatward in theirapproachwof civility and kindtimB. The man, 
who al first sight inakea uk an offer, which 19 due only to pir- 
ticolar and wcU acquainted friends, must be a knave, and in- 
tend! by such • bail to draw ua into his netj or a fool, with 
■bom we ought lo avoid having any conimunicatinn. 

Thoj far the couaiderattun of this Fable may be useful (o us in 
prints lilc: what it ooulaina farther in lulation to the public, ia, 
Ibal a mna, truly honest, will never let his mouth be stopped by 
■ bribe; but, the greater the offer ia which is designed lo buy hi» 
•ilence, the louder and more constantly will he open aeainst the 
lO would practise it upon him. But Buch a one is 
"Rara avis in tenis. nigroque similima cygno." 

FAB. CV'III. Tke Harppr. 

<fIio heard him, from hence entertained an anibilion 


of showing his parts upon the public Theatre, where 
he fancied tie could not fail of raising a great repute 
lion and fortune, in a very short time. He was ac- 
cordingly admitted upon trial; but the spaciousneiia 
of the place, and the throng of the people, so deaden- 
ed and weakened both his voice and instrument, that 
scarce either of them could be heard; and where they 
oould, it sounded so poor, so slow and wretched in 
the ear of his refined audience, that he was uaivenal- 
ly hissed and exploded off the slage- 


When we arc commendect far oni pBrformancee by people of 
much flallery, or little judgment, we should he sure not toviJufl 
ourselves upon it; tor wnnt of which, many a vain antliinking 
man hiL9 at once exposed and lost bimself Is the world. A 
buffijon may bo TBry agteeahle to a company disposed to bo 
tDirdifiil orer a glasa of wine who would not be fit to opon bis 
mouth in a senate, or upon a subject where sound aenu) and a 
navB and serious behaviour lire expected. It is not ihe divert- 
ing a little, iosignilicaiit. Injudicious audience or society, which 
can gma us a proper esteem, or insure our success la a plaoe 
whici] calls for a performance of tho lirst rate; we ahoold have 
either allowod abititica to please the moat refined tastes, or 
juilgmeat enougli to know that we want them, and to have n 
care bow we mbmit ourselves to the trial. And if wc hare a 
miiid to pursue a Just and true ambition, it is notsufiicient tint 
we study barely to please, but il is of the grsatastmomonl whom 
we please, and in what respect; otherwise, we may not only 
Imt) oar labour, but make ourselves ridiculous into tJio bargain 

FAB. CIX. Tkt Two Crabs. 

Il is said to be Uie nature of a Crab-Fish to go bnck- 
irttrd: howex-er, a mother crab one day reproved her 
daughter, and was in a great passion with her for her 
notoward awkward gait, which she desired her to al- 
ter, and not to move in a way ao contradictory to the 
Te*t of the world. Indeed, Mother, says the young 
Crab, I walk as decently as I can, and to the beat ol 
' my knowledge; but, if you would have me pi other- 
irise, I beg you would be ao good as to practice it 
Gnt, and ehow me by jour own example, how you 
would have me behave myself. 

The man who is lo impertinent na to rebuke olhera lor ■ inii 
htnriaar oT which he himMiri) guilty, mual be either > hypo. 
erile, iMnielnceraature, or an impudant iellcnv. Ititatruifn 
that maakind, bemg ao apt to aet wrong in moat particuian, 
•boold at (lie aanie time be ao proDs lo calumny and delrae- 
lion. One would lliiiik thai Ihey who err ao noloriously and 
■ fttiiamtly theMselTea, ahould be rather tender in oonooaliag, 


pawioos niid appetitoa into aome 6iccas or othor, but unnalural 
and inhuman to impeach. othecB of miscarriages of wluch oui. 
■slvss are equally guilt j. 

GrantiDg it were ever bo proper, oi so much our duty to Gud 
litilt with othera, ;et we muathave a great ahare of impudeoce 
if we can bear to do it while we know ouraelvca liable to the 
wuiie imputatioDs. Eiamplo is a thousand timaa more instruc- 
tive, or, at least, persuasive, than precept; for, though the ruleo 
br virtue were even more preaeing and numerous than they 
are, yet, let tbe lasbion run upon vice, as it most comm ' 
iloes, and you see how ready and conformable the world st 



TAB C\ The Th ef and the Boy 

A boy snt weep ng upon the side oi a wel A 
Th ef happen n^ to cod e bv jus a the samn t me 
ssked him why he wept. Tlic Hoy, sighing and sob- 
bing', replied, the string waa broke, and a silver tank- 
ard was fallen to the bottom of the well. Upon this 
the tbief pulled offhia clotbea, and went dovni into the 




well to look for it; where, having groped about a good 
while to no purpose, he came up again, but found 
Dcilber his clothes nor the boy; that little nich di»- 
(embler bavlng run awaj with them. 


Hi>wevflr joEtice may be but littlo practised nnd pursued bj 
ptnicular men, in the cgmmon course of llieir U'^liotis, yst 
tnrj one readily igreea, liiat it ouglit to be liept up and enloi. 
oed by tlte several penal laws, in reepcct to the publiu in general 
Mod J a one can scarce forbear robbing and detrauding another, 
when it ia in his power to do it with impunity; but, at tlie >unc 
lime, he dreads being robbed and defrauded again, oa niuch aa 
if he were the moel innocent man living; and ia severe in 
proaecaling the oflendera; which proves, that an unjust man is 
doliberately nicked, and abhors the crime in anotlier which he 


I for thi* [eosoD, thai the greater pari of mankind, like 
>Eli enough to liaie punishment inflicted upon tliose wtio do 
*n»g; and accordingly submit Ihemsclves to be guvcrned 
peaceably and quietly by the laws of Ihoir comitry, upon the 
pmpecl of seeing justice executed upon all those who do llicm 
any injair. And, however a tender nature may shrink at Ihe 
■ipil, and commissarate the condition of a sofiering- malefactor, 
ytl, in the main, we may observe, that people are jileased and 
ntiiSed when the sword of justice is unsheathed; and multi. 
(iidBi will even crowd to be spectators, when the (iniahing 
itroke la given. 

Bat what alfords us the ^eateat pleasure upon auch occa. 
lions, when we are enleilained with a view of justice, acting 
•B it were in person, and punisliing cheats, and tiickers, by 
mtkinir Iheir own conliivancei instrumental in it, and by order 
ing. as in the Fable, thai theii wickednesg may fall upon their 

FAB. CXL Mercury and Ike Woodiii 

A man waa felling ■ tree on the bank of a river, and 
by chance let his hatchet slip out of bis hand, which 
dropt into the water, and immediately sunk to the bot- 
tom. Being therefore in great distreBS for the loss ot 
liis tool, he sat down and bemoaned himself most la- 
mentubly. Upon thia Mercury appeared to him, and 
being informed of the cause of hia complaint, dived to 
the bottom of the river, and cuinmg up again allowed 
the man a golden hatchet, demanding if that were his. 
He denied that it was. Upon which Mercury dived a 
second time, and brought up a silver one. The man 
refused it, alleging likewise thai this waa not his. He 
dived a third time, and fetched up the individual hatch- 
et the man had bat; upon sight of which the pool 
wretch was over-joyed, and took it with humility and 
thankfulness. Mercury was so pleased with the fel- 
low's honesty, that be gave him the other two into the 



ba^ain, as a reward Tor his jusl dealing. The rann 
goe* to his cmnpanions, and giving Ebem an account 
of what had happened, one of ihem went presently to 
the riTer's side, and let his hatchet fall designedly into 
the stream. Then silting down upon the bank, ho 
fell a weeping and lamenting, as if he bad been really 
•nd sorely afflicted. Mercury appeared as before, 
•ad diving, brought him a golden hatchet, asking if 
that was the hatchet he had lost. Transported at the 
precious metal, he answered, yes; and went to snatch it 
greedily. But the god, detesting his abominable im- 
pudence, not only refused to give him that, but would 
not BO much as let him have his own hatchet again. 


Ifolirithatuidiiif Um proDmtaaa oT mankind to do evil, and 
thstccoTint of which aome find in playing tiio knave, yet tliei« 
OBiiat ba invoiitsd ■ mofa Irm and rcawmable maxim, tban 
(lul by which wa am usuied that "Ilnnesly is Ihc best policj." 
If wB cooiider it wiUi respect to liia other world, tharc nevw 
wu a religion but atrictly required it of its rotaries: if wo ax* 
imine it npon nccount of thi*, we ^all find that the honeit mut, 
provided hi* other talonti are not deficient, always carries tbc 
praferenca in our own eatosm before any other, in whatever 
Unneaa be thinks fit to employ hiniKlf. 

Tli6 coachman hearing one of the wheels of bis 
coach creak, was surprised; but more eppecially when 
he perceived that it was the worst wheel of the whole 
set, and which he thought had but liltle pretence to 
take such a liberty; but, upon his demanding the tea- 
mn why it did so, the wheel replied, that it was natu- 
ral for people wiio laboured under any affliction or in- 
firmity, to complain. 


Though WD nalurallj desire lo ghe vent to tha fiilnoss of oar 
bcurt, when it is cbarired wilh grief, and though by uttering our 
Eomplainla, we may happen lo move the compnEBioa of UioH 
that hear U9, ;et, every thing- considered, it is iHst to repress 
■nd keep them lo ourselves; or, irwe must lei our sorrow apeik, 
lo take care that it is done in solitude and retirement. Wh&l 
the Poets mention as a uaual thing with lovers, would not be 
amiss in those who are under any frownrd calamity, which can- 
not be kept quiet, to nttar it to the woods and mDuntBinB,aiidto 
call Ihe rocks and rivers to witness lo the cruelty of their destL 
ny; thai is, if they idubI show any woakness or impatience on- 



N the preunre of adverse tbrtune, to da it .ta privately u Uioy 
ttu: Itirthoagli tltc commtaBeraiionof asoflJiearlMJpcrBon mny 
be dnwa tbrtb wjiuetiniea by imparting Uic billcrDEBs of oat 
omdiliou, yet the world will be apt to think us troiiblsBiinie and 
importimnle, and conclude, that if our bardEhips ivere so great 
u we would haie people to believe, we could not bdar to tslk 
of them BO frequendy and abundantly as Bometimus we do. 

Bat beaidea, nothing la more generally truo, than that it ia 
much happier lor us to share the envy, llian the pity of man- 
kind. And ir tlie fint of these is by no means eli|;iblc, if we 
could BToid ili—bow much more ougbt wb to take care lo give 
u little oecasioQ as poaaibla for the latter' Scarce any one is 
tnried without posaesaing somettjing valuable, or at least desir- 
able; but we no sooner become objects of pity than we are ibund 
out lo be deficient in some respect or other, and perhaps unfit 
lud nneqoa] fi>r the company and acquaintance with which we 
Ibrmerly conversed. Upon tlie whole, though we are pitied, 
■e ihaU be never the mare esteemed for being miserable; and 
if we can but appear happy, ten lo one but wo shall be loved 

FAB. CXnt. The Man and his Wooden God. 

n having a wooden God, 


dsy; and, among other things, prayed particularly 
for weallh, because hia circumstances were but low. 
But when he had continued to do this for many days, 
ta no purpose, in a passion at disappointment, he 
took the image by the legs, knocked it against the 
floor and broke it in pieces; upon which, a great 
quantity of money, which hud been enclosed within it, 
flew about the room. The man no sooner perceived 
this, but, addressing himself to the Idol, Thou obsti- 
nate, perverse Deity; says hei who, while I humbly 
besought thee, hadat no regard to my prayers, but 
now thou art used ill, and broken to pieces, dost pour 
forth good things, even in a greater abundance than 
I could desire. 


This is B. Fable ofa vers extraDrdinsrjcompaaLtion, if, aa the 
■ncienl mythologiat iiya, it u dasi^ed to signify nq mora thnn 
tha.t, where fair means will not do, <aal must b? iiacd; indeed 
Bome aalures nra so rery rough and untractable, that gentla 
uaags and moderafe trcBlmenl ore thrown away upon thene 
thej must be wrod^ht upon, tike ntubbom metiLlH, by blows fre- 
quently and heartily applied. But what hu bH thia lo do with 
ratigion and lliu worstiip of God? (ha fttole ia luelen in that re- 
apecl; unless we consider it in this light, that the adoration of 
images Is the most stupid part of religion that eier wuinvenU 
ed. How any of tha sober senslbla heathen world coold bo da- 
laded, so u to give into nich an unreoannabls jueca of derotion. 
Is astooiihing: or how thay eoutd loppose that a Kneeleaa itoek 
or (tone, which had neither liie nor motion in it, eould nndar. 
stand their complainU, and redress their grievances; anchasap- 
position must be monstrously absurd and foolish. But wliil 
must we think of those Cliristiona who blindly run into the same 
practice? thoug'h they have an ocltnnwledged and receivsd com- 
mand from the God Uicy worship, absolaloly forbidding it Bui 
the people who can bo made to boliero that thia is right, may 
be taught to swallow any thing, and consequsntiy are fitM 
loola lo cany on the trade of prieatcrolt. 

FAB. CXIV. The Kid and ikt Wolf. 

A Kid being mounted upon the roof of a shed, and 
•wing a Wolf below, loaded him with all maimer of 
reprooehes. Upon which, the Wolf looking up, re- 
plied, do not caluo yourself, vain creature, upon think.- 
JDg you mortify me; for I look upon this ill language 
oot as coming from you, but fiom the place that pro- 
tects you. 


fry unbceomintf, oot only id 
. general; nor can we eaail; 

To r«il Bud give ill langu 
nntlemen in pirticuUr, hu 

OMermhie wJietJief courage „ ^ ._ 

penoD who IB given to u»e iL Now, when uiy onaissoiicn 
ed tad protected by the place he la in, Ihil he may oom 
■oeh indeceDcicii with impunity, bovever hia carcote t 
nope Kot free, yet he ia atu^ to pay for il in bja repulalioi 
bajng iropowible we ahoiild think him a man of honor, who 
dnraure lo wound ua from (he advantage of the place in wd 
be happens lo \ie, and refuse to engage ui upon equal ter 



Whonevec lliorefore we are altaciied by one nhoni the emn- 
pany wa btg in, or eome other i'!n:uniBtiuic«, mskeB It impropci 
or impractioiblB ftr db to comeat, let us wisely cnrb our pansioiu 
aTreMittmcnt, by cansidecing that it is not tiie silly peison wha 
■ ipeaki, b',i' same situation by wliich he is lecured, that utteta 
tns reproach against us. The same reflection may serve aim 
to divert, instead of exaepe rating us, at the impotent malice of 
(hose poor spirits, who, at the same time that they talte the ad 

they Icnew themselves lo be out of the i 

FAB. CXV. The Judicioua Lior 

A Lion having taken & young Bullock, stood ovt-r, 
and waa jtist going (o devour it, when a thief slejit in, 
«iid cried balvea with him. No, friend, says the hoo, 
you are too apt to take what ia not your due, and 
therefore I shall have nothing to say to you. By chanc« 
a poor honest traveller happened to come that way, 
and seeing the lion, modestly and timorously with- 
drew, intending to go another way. Upon which, the 
j«enerou.s beast, with a courteous, affable behaviour, 



desired him to come forward, and partake witli liim 
m Ihat, to which his modesty and humility had given 
hiniso);ood a title. Then dividing the prey into two 
equal parts, and feasting himself upon one of them, 
lie retired into the woods, and left the plaee clear for 
tile honest man to come in and take his share. 


There u no one but will rendily alhw tbis bohiLviour of tlie 
Lion to have been commcndnblB and just; DOlwilhstandiiig 
which, grvedineu anil importunity never fail to thrive and attain 
their endi, while modesty ataives, and is fcr ever poor. Noth- 
ing a more diBsgreeaUe to quiet reasonnlite men, than thoBO 
(h*I are petulant, forward and craving-, la soliciting lor their 
faroUTB; and yet fiiToura are eeLdom bestowed, huL upon such aa 
havB extorted them by these taaeing offenBivB moaiM. Every 
pttron, when he speaks his real thoughts, is ready to aeknow- 
n!(e (hat the luodeat man has the best title to his exleem; yet 
be mSar> hinuelf too often to be prevailed upon, merely by 
oalrageous noise, to give (hat to a ahamelesB assuming- lellow, 
vMch he knows to be justly due (o the silent, unapplying 

II would be a laudable thing in a man in power, 1o make a 
renhitiaa not to confer any advantageous post upon the person 
that aaka him lor i(; as it would free him from importunity, and 
aSbrd him a quiet leisure, upon any vacancy, either to consider 
with binuelf who had deserved best of llieir country, or to in. 
V^™ and be iolbrmed by (hose whom he could trust But as 
lais ia addoin or never practised, no wonder that we often tind 
ttiBiiamea of men or little merit, mentioned in public prints, aa 
•dfanced to considerable stations, who are capable of betDg 
kaowB to tlte public in no other way. 

FAB. CXVI. The Wolf and the Kid. 

The Goat going abroad to feed, shut up her young 
Kid at home, charging him to bolt the door fast, and 
open to nobody till she heriijlf should return. The 
wolf, who lay lurking just f>}, heard this charge giv- 
en; and soon afler came anil knocked at the door, 
counterfeiting the voice of the Goat, and desiring to 
be admitted. The kid, looking out of the window, 
and finding the cheat, bid him go about his business; 
for, however he might imitate a goat's voice, yet ho 
appeared too much like a wolf to be (rusted. 


As it is impOBBible tlint young people ehoutd ftoer their cooiso 
■right in the world, iKfbra they arc acqusiiiteil with (he sitUB- 
laoQ of tliB niany danears which lie in their way; it is thorofore 
necesaory that tlioj should be under the government uid diree. 
tion of tnese who are appointed to take charge of their educt 
tioQj whetlier they are porenta, or tutors by them intrusted with 
the instruction of their children. If a child liui but reaoan 
enough 1o mniider at all. how resdily should it otnbiBce the 

jEsops fables. 

'ed every danger 

nuiKiI of its iktiiei'. how ittentiTel; listen to I 
bow itfadilj pursue his advice! the father hiLS 
In the difficult witdecnens of life, and hasobscn ..^ . ...^ . 

wliich i'.cs lurking jn the patli of jl, lo annoy the tbotBteps of 
llio»e who never trod the way before. Of liiese, with much 
tendemesB, and BJacere aSeclion, he makes a discovery (o hie 
■on; telling him wlial he must avoid, and directing him how to 
nuke a lafe, honourable, and advantageous journey. When, 
thercibrc, the child refuses to follow the directions of bo Bkilful 
* guide, so faithful, so loving, and so sincere a friend, no won- 
der if he falls laUi many mischters, which otherwise he might 
have earaiped, unpilicd and unlamenlsd by all who knnw him, 
because he obstinately contemned the kind admonitions of him 
that truly wUhcd and intended hie happiness, and previously 
fbUoired the eiamplesof those who decoyed him out of the way 
of rinue, into the thorny maiea of vice and error. Nor should 
children lake it ill, if the commands of their patents sometimes 
seem difficult and dieagreeablei perhaps upon eiperiment, they 
niy prove «■ pleasant and diverting, as if they had fallowed 
tbBir own choice; this, however, they may be assured of, that 
all toch cautions are intended out of true love and oiTection, by 
those who ore more experienced than themselves, and tlierefore 
ketler jndgn* what (heii conduct abould be. 

211 ffiSOPa FABLES. 

FAB. CXVII. The Wolf, ike Fox, and the Apo 

The Wolf incJictea the Fox of felony, before the 
Ape, who upon that occasion was appointed special 
judge of the cause. The Fox gave in hia answer to 
the Wolfs accusation, and denied the fact. So aflei 
a fair hearing on both sides, the Ape gave judgment 
to this purpose; 1 am of opinion that you, says he to 
the Wolf, never lost the goods you sue for; and foi 
you, turning to the Fox, I make no question, says he, 
but you have stolen what is laid to your charge, at 
least. And thus the court was dismissed, with tliii 
public censure passed upon each party. 


The man that hiis oace hlemiahed his credit hy knavery, will 
not be believed for the future, even though he iliould speak the 
truth. Ono should think the conBidoration of this should be 

D to Ipng and cbeattng, and B. discourannii 
! of that ftculty. Whoever is detaclad of soil 


bf the public, will yet be fat aver dctesled bj llie honea dis. 
met put of hi* seqaainlance; and though he may escape (U 
minner of peasjly ftoni the law ol" the land in which he liven, 
yet al! that know him will lay liim under a tacit [irivato con. 
demnstion, and Ireat hjm for ever after an an outlaw and an ex. 
comniunicaleil permn. 

Cheating and knavery may now and then Bacccotl and pam 
muster with Iha most silly understanding part of mankind; but 
the contriver" of euch villainous plots, whatever their advantage 
my be, are euro of getting little or no bonoar by their ex 
flmlai and are liable to be detected and exposed, even by tha 
w which they practise upon. A ve^ ape knows how 

« Dneieepttoaablo lo every body, and no less anrc of turning 
eisry negotiation to hie proSt, than to his honour and crediL 
A kuavB baa a chance, and perhaps an indilTerent one, of soo- 
eeeding- once or twice, and that with the most fbolieh part of 
mankindi whereas an honest man ii sure of being- constantly 
lnMled,and well esleemed, and that by all wise aiid good people. 

FAB. CXVm. Jupiter and tie As 

A certain Ass, whiLh beloi]|{(.d in ,i guidcjiur, and 


was weary of carrying hia heavy burdens, prayed to 
Jupiter [ogive him a new master. Jupiter consenting 
to his petition, gave him a tile-maker, who loaded 
him with tiles, and made him carry heavier burdens 
than before. Again he came, and made sup plication a, 
beseeching the god to give him one that was more 
mild; or, at least, to let him have any other master 
but this. Jupiter could not help but laugh at his 
folly; however, he granted his requcHt this time also, 
and made him over to a tanner. But as soon as the 
poor Ass was sensible what a master he had got, he 
could not forbear upbraiding himself with his great 
folly and inconaialency, which had brought him lo a 
master, not only more cruel and exacting than any of 
the former, hut one who would not spare hia very 
hide after he waa dead. 


" Nemo, quom glbi sortem 

Sea ratio dederil, seu mra ohjcerjt, ilia 
Contentus vivat, laudat diversD. sequcnles." 
But wliHtcver men may think, it la a thoUBanil to one but they 
know leas of any other way, Uian that in which they have boon 
bred; and if providence ahould comply with their humomui 
iBqueat in such a case, they would probably find themaelvBi 
more at a losa, and mare micagy in their new station oriile than 
ever they were in the old; at Icaat, there is great reaaoti lo sap. 
pose Ihcy would. The vanity and ignorance of the menofthn 
world are so great, that if every man might bo what ho deaiiMl, 
few would be what (hey ought. So it ie not of leae importance 
to the gooQ of the public in general, than our own particular 
r]uiel and happinenB, that every man ahould lie eaay ind cod. 
lenletl with tl^e condition which pruvidenca uid hii education 
Iiave alloltec! hiin. 

FAB. CXIX The Boy and hit Mother. 



A Little Boy who went to school, stolf one of liia 
KhooU fellow's horn-books, and brought it lioine to his 
mother: who was so far from correcting and iliscaur- 
iging bini upon account of the theft, that she com- 
Dtended and gave him an apple for his pain». In pro- 
cess of time, as the child grew up to be a man, he ac- 
customed himself to greater Tobberiea; and at last, 
beiof; apprehended and committed to gaol, he waa 
tried and condemned for felony. On the day ofhts ex- 
ecution, as the officers were conducting him lo the gal- 
lom, he was attended by a vast crowd of people, and 
■iTiong the rest by his Mother, who canie siirhing and 
•obbing along, and taking on extremely for her ^n's 
onhappy fate; which the criminal observing, called to 
iriff, and begged the favour of him. thai he 
would gi»e him leave to speak a word or two lo his 
afflicted Mother. The sberifT (as who would 



deny a dying man so reasonable a requeBt,^ ^ve him 
permission; and ttie felon, while ss every one thought 
he was whispering aomething of importance to his 
Mother, bit off her ear, to the great ofTence and sur- 
prise of the whole assembly. What, say they, was not 
this villain contented with the impious acts which he 
ha« already committed but that he must increase the 
number of them by da itg this violence to his Mother? 
Good people, replied he, 1 would not have you to be 
under a mistake; (hat wicked woman deserves this, 
and even worse at my handsj for if she bad chastised 
■nd chid, instead of rewarding and caressing me, when 
in my infancy I stole the horn-book from school, 1 
bad not come to this ignominious untimely end. 

Notwithstanding the great innate depraiity of mankinj, one 
nead oat scrapie to affirm, that moni of the wickedneBi whicb U 
K> &Hqiient and pernicious iQ the world, ariBss from a bad edu- 
Ration; and that the child not only derivea its aliarc of original 
Bin from the contagion of its parents, but is also obliged. Dither 
tu iJieir ciample or conniviuice, for most of the vicious habit) 
vhich it wears through the conrse of ita future life. The mind 
of one that is young is like wax, soil, and ca{)Bblo of any im- 
plosion which is given it, but it is hardened by time, and the 
first signature grows bo firm and durable, that scarce any paint 

It is a niislahen notion in people, when they imagine that 
Ihere is no occaBion for regulating ur restraining tlie aclians of 
ffirj young childfen, whicA, though allowad to ha sanwtiimB 
fery naaghty in those of a moto advanced age, are in (hen, 
they suppose, altogothor innocent and inoflensive. But, hnw- 
erer innocent they may be, aa to their intention then, yet, 
u the pfactice may grow upon them unobserved, and roet 
itself inla a habit, they ought to be ehooked and d 

and i^prBBsion, maybe let into their minds, at th 
that tliey receive the very tiret dawn of understanding, and glim. 
mermg of roason. Whatever guilt arises rrom the actions of ooe 
wbomi education has been de^cicnt as tu this point, an question 


to the churgo of llion whu were, or eliDuld have Ix 

V\\i. CXX. The Wolves and the sjck A>s 

Ad Asa being sick, the report of it waa spread 
ibroad in the counlrv, and stHne did not atjck to say 
thU abe wonid die before another night went over her 
head. Upon thia, eeveral Wolves came to the stable 
wImtb ahe lay, uoder pretence of making her a visit; 
but rapping at the door, and asking how she did, the 
Toung Aas came out and told them, that his mother 
was mucb better tbaji they desired. 

Hie chariUble rigiu whicb are mule to many ■: 
imwmi from much tbe asme molire wilb (hat wliicl; 
•poD tiM WolvM U pa; Iheir duly to the lick Am. no 
fcy may (wme in fijr •ome of Iheif reniBinB, and ft 
MM* Upon Uio rsTenion of their goodtand chatlDli. ne can- 
W Ch«retbte, wituaol plaasurc, ace tbeae aelRili viailanla dia> 
■MarMi through Uie rouak of charily, and Irealed with aiudt ■ 
navra, a* aL-ithbouii oflheii •ort jiutly challeni^. 

k peoplB 



■Dch a lime, whea he laboun under any indie position or pain 
of bodj) so it is veij frequenllj' injuriauB U> the interest of liim 
vho makes use of it, and proves (o be tlie means of liis tiiieaiog 
BUcb an inheritance or Icgacj', as a. more dialajit and modeet 
deportment might have aecured to him. 

F\B C\\[ The Ant and the Gr 



IP/ "'^^^T'^Q 








|Wjjj|j^*^ ,iXj^f^|3P* 


In the ttinter season, a commonwealth of ants was 
buaily emplo)pd in the mnnagement and preiervation 
of their corn, which they exposed lo (he air, in heapa, 
round about the avenues of their little country habiU- 
tion. A Grasshopper, who had chanced to outlive 
the aiimmer, and was ready to starve with cold mid 
hunger, approached them with great humility, and 
begged that ihey would relieve hia necessity with one 
frmin of wheat or rye. One of the Anta naked him 
how he had disposed of his time in summer, that he 
had not taken pains, and laid in a stock as they bad 


dooe. AJas gentlemen, says he, I passed away the 
tiiDe merrily and pleasantly in drinking, singing and 
dancing, and never once thought of winter. . If that 
be the case, replied the Ant, laughing, all I haii' to 
ny is, that they who drink, sing and dance in sum- 
mer, must starve in winter. 

As lummer is the season of Iho year, in which (he tndustnnas 
Ud laborious husbandman gathers and laya up suclj fruit as 
iiiiy>up|)1f hia necessilicB in the winter: so youth nnd manhood, 
ue the timeaof lite which we Bhould employ and bestow in lay- 
ng in such E stock of sU kind of necesaaries, as may suffice ior 
IbecTKving demands of helpless old age. Yct,notwitbstandin^ 
Uie truth of this, there are many of those, which we call rationd 
eieatures, who live in a method quite opposite to it, and make 
It liieir boiiness to squander awaj, in a profuse prodigality, 
■hUeier they gel in llieir younger daji, as if the infirmities of 
ifs wonld require no suppUca to support il; or, at least, would 
tiid them administered to in some miraculous way. 

From this fable we learn this admirable lesson, never to lose 
any present opportunity of providing against the tiilure evils 
ud accidents of life. While health, and the flower and vigour 
oT OUT age remain lirm and entire, let iu lay them out to the 
best advantage; that when the latter dayg take hold of us, and 
■pal lu of oar stn'ngth and abilities, we may have a aton 
maderatcly sufficient lo subsist upon, which we laid in, b the 
auming of our age. 

The Ant, which is a creature truly {irovident and laborious, 
las always been proposed to us as an instance of the industry 
tfbmaid- Botli Jew and Gentile Lllustrate their reasoning upon 
Ihis head, by mentioning this litlle type of reasonablB diligence. 
Bdlomon seems to be ui a passion with the lazy part of his 
■pedes, and instead of urging Oiuch with tlicm, saj^ In short, 
uolo the Ant, thou sluggard, consider her ways, and bo wise, 
Horace, inspired by hia own good sense, or perhaps having tliis 
UiIb In hia eye, rays, 

Exemplnm magni formica laboris 

Om trabit quodcunque protest, atque addit acerrc^ 
Uuem struit, hand ignara ac non incaula futuri 


Whoever therefbra think Rt to Bpend ths pri 
irined, irin (lie hoary winfer of age, Ihej find tham] 

An \a3 and a Cock, happened to be feetling logcth 
cr in the same place, when on a sudden thev spied a 
Lion approaching tbein. Tbia beast is reported above 
all tbinga, to have an aTersion, or rather an antipathy 
to the crowing of a Cock; so that he no sooner bt^ord' 
the voice of that bird, than he betook him to his hecU 
and ran away as fast aa ever he could. The Ass, fan. 
eying he lied for fear of him, in the bravery of liif 
heart pursued him, and followed him so fnr, that 
they were quite out of hearing of the Cockj which the 
Lion no sooner perceived, but he turned about and 
seized the Aas; and just as he was ready to tear him 
to pieces, the sliiggisli creature is said to have ex- 
pressed tiimself thus: Alaal fool thst I was, knowing 

user's FABLES. iS7 

the cowardice of my own nature,' thus by an affected 
ODorage, to throw myself into the jaws of death, when 
I might have remained secure and unmolested. 


Tbf&m are many, who out of an ambition to appear conaidcv- 
•Ue, a^ct to show themselves men of fire, spirit, and coungo; 
bat these being qualities of which they are not the right ownfflrs, 
they generally expose themselves, and show the little title they 
hate Co them, by endeavouring to exert and produce them at 
nisniwiiiiihln times, or with hnpioper persons. A bully, fait 
fear you should find him out to be a coward, overacts his part, 
lad calls you to account for affiants, which a man of true bra- 
vny woold never have thought of. And a cowardly silly fellow, 
ohsw wing that he may take some liberties with impunity, where 
perhaps the place or company protect him, falsely concludes 
fiom thenoe, that the person with whom he made free, is a 
greater coward than himself^ so that he not only continues hii 
dve raiUery and impertiiMaee fiw the present, but probably 
■ them in some place not so privileged as the former, 
his ineoleiice meets with a due chastisement; than whioh 
nothing is nHnre eqoitahle in itself or agreeable to the discreet 
pMt or mnddnd. 

The Ape meeting the Fox, one daj, humlil; re- 
quested him lo give him a piece of his fine long bruati 
(ail, lo cover his poor naked backside, which was ex- 
posed to all the violence and inclemency of the weath- 
er; for, says he, Reynard, you have already more than 
you have occasion for, and a great part of it even 
drags along in the dirt. The Fox answered, that aa 
(o hin having too much, that was more than he knewi 
but be it as it would, he had rather sweep the ground 
with his tail, as long as he lived, than to deprive him- 
■elf of the least bit to cover the Ape'e nasty stinking 


One cannot help considering the world, in the ptwticnlu' of 
the goods of fortune, aa a kind of lotlery; in wliioh some few 
are entitled lo prizes of different degrees; others, nnd those b; 
mucli the ^ealesl part, come oS*wil£ little or nothin|F. Some, 



like the Fox, bvie even Imrger circomBtuices llian 11167 '"*■"' 
whtt Id do with, inBamuch, that Ihej^ are raUiur B charge and in. 
combrance; than ofanj true use and pleasure to tLem. Others. 
Gketbe poor Ape'a caie, are all blankj not having been » tuckj 
u to draw Troni the wheel of fortone wherewith to coicr their 
nakedaess, and lite with tolerable decencj. That these thinpi 
ir> left, in a great measnre by providence at the blind uncertain 
•hufHe or chance, is reasonable to conclude from the imequal 
diitribution of Ihem; for there is eeldDin any regard had for true 
merit upon these occasions; fbllj and knavery ride in coaches, 
while good sense and honesty walk in the dirt. The all-wise 
dispoecTof ercDladoescerliunly permit these things for just and 
rood purpOBes, which oar ahallow understanding is not able to 
ntbom; but, humanly thinking, if the riches and power of the 
world were to be always in the hands of the virtuous pari of 
imntinrf^ thej WDold be mors like!; to do good with lliem in 
their generabOQ, than the vile sottish wretches who generally 
enjoy Uiom. A truly good msn would direct all the superfluoui 
psjl of his wealth, at least, for the necessities of his ftllowcrea. 
tares, thoogh there were no religion which enjoined it: but 
sslRsh and avaricious people, who are always great knaves, how 
much soever they may have, will never lliink lliey haveenough; 
Dinch lens he induced, by any considerations for virtue and re- 
ligion to part with the least farthing tor public charily and 

96 .fiSOf^ FABLra. 

FAB. CXXIV. The Abs and the Little Do(( 

The Aas observing how great a favourite the little 
Do^ was with hia master, how much caressed anil 
fondled, and fed with good bits at every med; and for 
no other reason, as he could perceive, but skipping 
and frisking abo'jt, wagging his tail, and leayiing up 
into his master's lap; he was resolved in imitate the 
same, and see whether such a behaviour would not 
procure him the same favours. Accordingly, tbe 
master was no sooner come home from walking about 
the fields and gardens, and was seated in his easy 
chair, but the Ass who observed him, came gamboling 
KnA braying towards him, in a very awkward manner. 
The master could not help laughing aloud at the odd 
flight. But the jest was soon turned into earnest, 
when he felt the rough salute of the Ass's fore-feet, 
who, raising himself upon his hinder legs, pawed 
against his breast with a most loving air, and woultt 



lain have jumped into hia lap. The good man, ter* 
[ified at this ouinifreous behaviour, and unable to eo- 
dure the weight of so heavy a beaat, cried out; upon 
which ooB of his servants running in with a good stick, 
uid laying on heartily upon the bones of the poor 
Ax, sooo convinced him, that every one who deairea 
it, is nol qualified to be a favourite. 


Soon roeo are aa engaging in flieir wnj ai little 6oga. They 

tta rawn. wheedle, cringe, or if occasion require, 1ge|> backward 

tad (oivinidovei a stick lo the great emolument of their master, 

■ud ealerUinmcnt of tlioae that behold Ihoia. But those are 

rUfications to which every body cannot prelenil: and thore- 
Done but those who have a genius for it should aspire at 
the employment. 

M*nt a man envies the happiness of these faTonrites, and 
Mold fain inainuats himself ialo the same good graces, if he did 
bnl know the way; but whoever lias a liderabla shore ofdiscre- 
tioi, will not disturb his abilities, in l)ii> respect, and loodcattj 
Iirbear ttie attempt, for Icar he should miscarry and look like on 

But in short, the true moral of this Fable is, that every one 
•bould consider the just turn and temper of his parts, and weigh 
the talents by which he hopes to be diBtinvuished. After such 
to eiami nation, he may the more certainly know how to apply 
tbcm to the most proper purpOMSt at least so as not lo hurt, or 
even mortify himscir by any mietakeii address. The Poet's 
tdvice to SD author, to consider before be begins to write, 

quid valeaut humeri, quid fene recusant, 
may not be unhappily directed to those who would procure ■ 
|tHl man's esteem. They must be prepared to do and suffer, 
perhaps, more than they are aware of, and it may be eipcctcd 
tkey should go through business which all their IbrvcasI could 
taver suggest to tbem. 

Since there issudia variety of tempers in the world, and a no 
less multiplicity of arts ikod studies to Ht and lolly with them; 
bow reawHiable is it in genera], how much would it be for the 
ttue interest of every one in particular, if men would but ba 
Erected by the natural bent of their genius, to such pursuilaas 
ue most agreeable lo their capacities, and lo the rudiments of 
D which they may have most strongly imbibed. 



nihil invita dices raciesve Mineiva. 

Horace, than wliom no one ever bad a more delicate ami re- 
fiued juilgiDBnl, advises us to consult ourselves in all our under- 
takings luid never to do or sa; any thing which does not run 
■moatlily, Bud with tlie grain. But t)ie important article of 
knowing ourselves aa we sliould do, so necessary upon all occa- 
sions, and yat so generally wojitit^g, will always be a great 
ohBtaclc to our making the world and ouTBelves bo happy, as 
otherwise we should be capable of doing. 

FAB. CXXV. The Birds, the Beasts, and the Bal. 

Once upon a time, there commenced a fierct war 
between the birds and the beasts; when Ihe Bat, tak- 
ing advantage of his ambiguous make, hoped by that 
means, lo live secure in a state of neutrality, and save 
his bacon. It was not long before the forces on each 
Bide met, and gave battle; and their animosities run. 
ning very high, a bloody slaughter ensued. The Bal 
at the beginning of the day, thinking the birds most 
likely to carry it, listed himself among them; but kept 


fluttering at s Utile distance, tliat he might the bettei 
oWrve and take his measures accordingly- However, 
after some time spent in ihc action, the army of the 
beasta seeming to prevail, he went entirely over to 
them, and endeavoured to convince them, by the affi- 
nity which he had to a. mouse, that he was more by 
nature a beast, and would always continue firm and 
true to their interest. His plea was admitted; but 
in the end, the advantage turning completely on Iho 
side of the birds, under the admirable conduct and 
courage of their general, the Eagle; the Bat, to save 
hi3 life, and escape the disgrace of falling into the 
hands of his deserted friends, betook himself to flight; 
and ever since, skulking in caves and hollow trees all 
day, as if ashamed to show himself, he never appears 
Ull the dusk of the evening, when all the feathered 
inhabitants of the air are gone to rest. 


Far anj ooe to devert the inlereil of his country, and tura 
■CM^do, either out of Scat, or say prospect of advantage, i> 
n DOloriouBly vile and low. thai it is no wonder ir the man, who 
b determined in it, ig lor ever Bshained to see the aun, and to 
■how himself in the eye* of those whose cause he has betrayed. 
Tet, there is scares any vice, even to be imagined, but there maj 
be foand many criminals; even in the ease before us, as in an/ 
particular one besides, notwilh stun ding the aggruvBtiontndex- 
tnordiDar; degree of its bareness. \Vh cannot help reflecting 
upon it with horror: but, as truly detestable as this vice is, and 
moitbeiclinowledgGdtobeby all mankind, so fur arc those who 
ptw:lice it from being treated with a just resenttnenl by llie rest 
af mankind, that, by tlie kind reception they iilerwsrd« meet 
■ilh, they rather seem to be encouraged and applauded, tlian 
despised and discoanlsnanced lor it 

If these deserters were to sufTcr the some fate with t'le fiat, 
ud bs doomed not to appear till atter the close of the evening, 
we ahould sometimes be deprived of rurv considerable faces id 
lb* great diurnal asssinblie* of the nation. But, probably, tho 
■reel would rattle more than ever, anichts: and Ihc great niim- 
Ice of flambetui which would attend Uie ooachui and chair* of 



A Bea c1 mb ng me Q e fen o o a place whe e 
Be re e kep began o p nil he H e nd ob 
(hem of he honey Bu he Be a o enfre he 
nju a acked h m n a who e swarm oge he and 
though hey we e no ab e op erce h a ugged h de 
yet w h he le et ngs they so annoyed h a eyes 
and nostrils ha unable oendu e h sma ngpain 
with impatience he tore the skin over his ears with 
his own claws, and gufiered ample punishment for the 
injury he did the Bees, in breaking open their waxen 



into the bt^pda, ratlier tea bttntk a v^Ked incrinatkni, eithor 
of cmel^, ambitioBf or svsriee. But h were to be wished aD 
irbo ire harried bf such blind impubee, would consider a mo> 
Ineot, before they prooeed to irrevoeable execution. Injuries 
tad wroo^ not ooIt call for revenge and reparation, with ibt 
foiee of equity itself botf oftentimes carry their punishni^f 
aloii|r with them, and 6y an unforeseen train of events, are fe. 
torted wi the head df (he actor of them: and not seldom, ttotH a 
deep remorse, expiated upon himself by his own hand. 

Am for the reprobates, whose foreheads are hardened wi^ 
tripld bras, and hacknied with daily deliberato practice in vH. 
hnyV #e eannot so much as hope to reclaim Uiem by arfu- 
veafi of reason and justice: and must therefore be forced to 
faave tbtm to the ntoesaary consequences of impiety 

FAB. CXXVir. ry. Fox and the Cock. 

A Cock being perched among the br<uicbes of a lof- 
ty tree, crowed aloud, m that the shrillness of bia 
voice echoed through the wood, and invited a Fox to 
the place, who was prowling in that neighbourhood 
in quest of his prey. But Reynard, finding the Cock 
waa inaccesaible, by reason of the height of bia situa- 
tion; had recourse to stratagem, in order to decoy him 
down; so approaching the tree. Cousin, says he, I am 
heartily glad to see you; but at the same time, I can- 
not forbear expressing my uneasiness at the inconve- 
nience of the place, which would not let me pay my 
respects to you in a handsomer manner; though I 
suppose you will come down presently, and so that 
difficulty is easily removed. Indeed, Cousin, says the 
Cock, to tell you the Iruth, I do not think it safe to 
venture myself upon the ground; for though I am con- 
vinced how much you ate my friend, yet [ may have 
the misfortune to foil into the clutches of some other 



tiMit, and what w'l) become of me iheti? O clear, says 
Reynard, 1h it possible thut you can be w ignorant, as 
not h> know of the peace that has lately been proclaim- 
ed between all kinds ol* birds and beasts, and that we 
are, for the future, to forbear hostilities on alt sides, 
and to live in the utmost love and harmony, and that 
under the penalty of suffering the severest punishment 
ilial can be inflicted? All this while the Cock seemed 
to give but little attention to what was said, but 
ilrelched out his neck as if he saw something at a 
ilistancc. Cousin, says the Fox, what is that you look 
U so eamc^itly? Why, says the Cock, I think I see a 
pack of hounds yonder, a little way off. Oh then, says 
the Fox, yout humble servant, I must be gone. Nay, 
pray, Cousin, do not go, says the Cock; 1 am just a 
coming down; sure you are not {ifraid of dogs in these 
peaceable times. No, no, says he; but ten lo one whu- 
ther they have heard of the proclamation yet. 


daftated by the discreet management of the innoctnl. Tho 
monl of Uiii Tabic principally puta a 

■ towards the inBinualiona of those, who nre alread; 
diituiEiiisbed by their want of faith and honesty. It Is the na. 
lure of a wicked miDiBterofBtale to plunder and devour (he peo. 
pi*, u macb ai it U the qualit; of a Poi to prey upon poultry. 
Wbeo tberefore any auch would draw u« into a complianca with 
their deitruclivo moasurei, by ■ pretended civility, and oitra. 
ordinary concern for our inlcreat, we should constder such pn>> 
posali in their true light, as a bait arliiillf pleci'd to conceal ths 
falalhook wliteh is intended to draw us into captivity and thraU 
dom. An honest man, with a little plain iienBe, may do a Ihoo. 
mai adtantogeoua things for the public good, and wiiliniil being 
master of much address or rhetoric, is easily convince people 
|hat hia designs are intended for their welfare: but s wicked de- 
d^iun^ politician, though he has a tongue as eloquent as ever 
ipoke, may sonictinios be disappointed in his pruj«Ltt sod Ibiled 
in his *cheme<; etiwcially when their destructive texture is to 


tie\j ipuTi, and tlie throada if minchierarc n [urge in them, 
lo be fell even by those wlioae wnBes are scarce perliect 
ugh 1o BSe and understand thein. 

FAB. CXXVIII. The Cat and the Cock. 

: an m k SC 

Isfing with )ouT mother anJ maters. Well, sHye the 
Cock, this [ do not deny; but 1 do it to procure eggs 
ind chickens for my muRler. Ah! villain, saya the Cat., 
hold your wicked tongue; such impieties ss these i» 
claro that you are no longer fit to live. 

aeop^a fables. sss 


Vben 4 wiched nan m power, haa a mind (o glut his ftppe. 
fiK, in any resptict, innocancc or even merit, is no protection 
tninit him. Tlie cries of juHtice and the voice of reason, are 
Mao effecl upon a conscience Fiardened in iniquity, and o. mind 
fened tn a long practice of wrong and robboryj remonstrances, 
bowB»*r reasonably urged, or movingly couched, have no moro 
Maence apon tbe licarl of such a one, than the gentle breeze 
tu upon the oik, wlicn it whispers among its brnnchcB; or tbe 
rising surges upon the deaf roct, when they dash and break 

Power should never be tn»ted in the hands of no impious 
MlGsh mui. dAd one that has more regard to the gratification 
4f iiES own unbounded avB.ricfl, and to public peace and justice. 
Were it not for that tacit consent and heartless compliance of a 
[Hat majorit; of Gmlii, mankind would not be rode, aiKiftsntimes 
hej are, by a little majority ofknaTes, to their miBfortunei for 
*li<eier people may think of the bmea, ifthoy were ten times 
■Mrie than they are, it is principally owing; to ttieir own Etu 
fidltj: why do they trust the man e nMunsnt lonjcer who haa 
taee uijurcd and betrayed Cl«?m7 

jEsop'S fables. 

FAB. CXXIX The Dog n ike Manger. 

A Uog as la ng upon a nianRer lull of hn\. An 
0.\ being hungrj came near and offered to eal of the 
hayi but the envious ill-natured cur, getting up and 
snarling at him, would not suffer him to touch it. 
Upon which the On, in the bitterness of his heart, said, 
a curse light on thee for a malicious wretch, who will 
neither eat hay thyself, nor suffer others lo do it ! 

Envy 19 the most unnatutsl and onnccountable of all the pu. 
■ions. There is acarce any other emotion of the mind, howerei 
□nreaaonablc, but may havo eomething said in eicUBO for it 
and there arc many of these wGaknessea of the soul, whieh, not- 
withfitanding the wrongnesa ond irregularity of (hem, swell tho 
heart, while they lost, witli pleasure and gladness. But the 
envious man has no such apology as (his to make; the stronger 
the passion is, the greater torment he endures; and aubjecta 
hiniBclf to a continued real pain, by only wishing ill lo othnn. 
Aevenge is sweet, thoogh unci and inhumui; and thoogh it 


jEsops fables. 


n lor blood, jvt it may be glutted and 
Mtkled. Avarice is BOmelimes higlily moiulraUB and ibaurdj 
J<( u it ii ■ desire alter riches, ever; little acqulaitiaii givea it 
plsuurc; and to behold and feci the hoarded tieaaure, to n coiot. 
oui man, i» a constant usulojiog emplojimeiit; but envj, which 
b tn auiety ariting in our minds, upon our observing acconi. 
pUihmcats in others, which we want (lUTselves. can nccei re- 
ceive any true comfort, iinlesa in a deluge, a conflagration, i 
le general caismity that should befal mankind; liil 

I plagae, or k 
ai long as there is 
within tht 

enjoys being happy 
man's sphere, it will afTord nourishment tO 
ndi but such nouriehment as will make him 
pine and fret, and emiciale himself to nothing. 

lavidia SciuU non invenere Tyianni. 

Tormentum majua Hok. 

It ia not in the power of the most cruel tyrant to invent i 
lortorc more painful and severe, than that with which the en vi- 
tas man pnniahes himself. 

FAB. CXXX. The Dog and the SlicRp. 

The Dog sued the Shceji for a dcht, of winch ibe 


Kite and the Wolf were to be judges. They, without 
^lehating long upon (he matter, or making any scru- 
ple for want of evidence, gave sentence for the plaJB- 
tiif, who immediately tore the poor sheep in pieGea> 
and divided the spoil with the unjuat judges. 


I, vihco open boiefnced villan; ii 

cnuse of virtue. Men originally entered inlo covenant* and 
civil compacts with each otJier for the prurnolicui of their huppi- 
neas and well hping, for the sBlablialmisnt of jiulice and public 
peace. How comes it then that they logk atupidly on, ond 
tamely acquiesce when wicked men prevent tliii end, and eatab- 
liah on arbitrary tyranny of their own, upon tlie fitundutian of 
fraud and oppression' Amon^ beaata, who are incapable of ber 
ing civilized by aocial lnwe, it ie no eIrBngc thing to see inno- 
cent helplesB sheep liill a prey lo dogn, wuves, and kites; but it 
ia amazing how mankind could ever sink to such u low degree 
of cowardice, aaloauffer ooiiig of the worst of the species to usurp 
a power over them, to supersede the lighleou* laws of ^;oo4 
governmentj and to exercise oil kinds of injuetico uiid hardship, 
Lu gratifying their own vicious lusts. Wherever »uch emirmi, 
ties are pradiied, it is when a few rapacious Btate^menconibiii* 
together to get and secure the power in their own liands, Bii4 
agree tg divide the epwl among themselves. For as long a^ 
tlie aaaic is to be tried only amons themselves, no question U4 
they will slwnys vouch for each other. But, at the same time, 
it i> hard to determine which resemble brutes most, they iq 
em to act their vile selfiit 

FAB CXXXL TU Hawk and the F r 

\ Himk pursuing ft Pi^reoD oea mfidwh 
grea eagerocsi ad re hrew himset n an 
which a huabandma h d an d h re alee he 
rows wh be n np ed n a off and see ng 
Ue hawk fl n n he tie came and oc k h m 
bu ju as he was goin ok h m he ha k be 
sough hmto hmg a. nghnhah waa 
only folluwuig a pigeou, and neither intended nor haa 
dooe any harm lo him. To whom the farmer replied 
and what harrn haa the poor pigeon done 10 yo^'' 
upon whteb, be wrung hiii head otT immediately. 


Fuiiuii, pmudioe, .0/ power, may u Ikr blind a mtui, bi not 

to niffer hita juatly Ut distin^iiili whclher lie i> not scLing la. 

iurioialy, al tliv nsnte tiriiti lliit he fuicjca he is only doing Lu 
uty. Now, the hetf /Kay of being cainvinccd, wliclher wlwt 
ve do I* reugooblc uid lit, ii to put ounelvci in t)ie place of 
the j?f'nnr wiU) wluun -WC uc confcmed, and then consult OQI 
X kUiut Uiu rectitude at' our tiehaviour. For t^ pt 



may be aiaurod of, that we are acting wrong, or are iuing any 
thing to BnoLhi:r, wliich we Bliould lliink unjiiat ifit wecc done 
to ui. Nothing but a habitual inadvertency, as lo Ihia particD- 
lar, can be tlie occasion that bo many ingenious noble spirits 
are o^en engaged in courses so opposite to virtue and lionour. 
Ud that would startle, if a little attorney should tamper with 
him lo lorswcar birasclf, to bring olFaome small offender, some 
ordinary trespasser, will, without scruple, infringe the conatitrk 
tion of his country, Ibr the precarious prospect of a place or ■ 
peoaioo. Which is most corrupt, he that lies like a knight of 
the post, lor half a crown and dinner, or he that does it lor the 
more substantial consideration of a thousand pounds a yearT 
Which would be doing most service to the public; giving true 
testimony in a case between two private men, and against ana 
little common thief, who hu stole a gold watch, or voting hon- 
BStly or courageously against a rogue of slate, who has gagged 
■od bound tlie laws, and stripped the nation? l«t those who 
intend to act justly, but view things in this light, and all would 
be well. There would be no danger of their oppressing others 
or fear of being oppressed IhemselvoH. 

FAB. CXXXII. Death and Cupid. 

Cupid, one sultry sutniner' 

tired with pk) 

^SOl-S FABLKS. 211 

and faint with heat, went into a coo! grotto to repose 
himself, wliich happened to be the cave of Death. He 
threw himself carelessly down on the Hoor, and hi.i 
quiver turning topsy turvy, all the arrows fell out, and 
mingled with those of Death, which lay scattered up 
and down the place. When he awoke, he gathered 
them up as well as he could, but they were so inter- 
mingled, that though he knew the certain number, he 
could not rightly distinguish them; from whence it 
happened, that he took up some of (he arrows which 
belonged to Death, and left several of his own in the 
room of them. This is the cause that we, now and 
then, see the hearts of the old and decrepid transfixed 
with the bolts of love; and with equal griof and sur- 
prise, behold the youthful blooming part of our species 
Kmittea with the darts of Death. 


If we allow for tliis Fable's being written hj a heathen, and 
»BCorciing to the achcme of the ancient pigan llieology, it will 
tppear la be a prcKj' probable aalution of some parts of the dis- 
penntion of providence, which othcrwiae soem to be obscure 
■nd anaccoanlabte. For, whon wa sc« the young and the old 
All promiacuouBlf, by the hand of Death, and at the same lime 
to conmdsr that Ibe world is governed by an all-wise providence, 
m are poizled how to account for so seemingly preposterous 
uid unnatural a way of working. We should look upon a 
gardeoBf to be mod, or at least Tery capricious, who when his 
young Iroes are just arrived lo a degrco of bearing-, should cut 
them down for fuel, and choo<e out old, rotten, decayed, aaptcss 
Muck*, to graft and innoculale upon; yel the irregular proceed- 
tog of those two levellers. Loto and Death, appears to bo every 
idf u odd and unreasonable. 

However, we musl take it lor granted, that these things, 
IliOQch Ihe method of Ihcm is hidden riom our eyes, aro trana- 
MaJaitcjIhe most just and lit manner imaginable; but. human. 
If n«*kiilg. It ii strange thai Death should be sutTcrcd to makv 
MM nndiMin^uiahcd havoc in the world; and at the same limu, 
JbA ■■ •hooking and unnatural lo sec old age laid bctwiit u 
lair of waiMlog sheets, as it is Tor youth and beauty to be lock 
■d up ID the cold ambracca of Ihe grave. 


FAB. CXXXin. The Dove ami the Ant.-^ 

The Ant, rompi Hod In IliirsI, wont Hi ilririk in a 
clear purling rivulet; but tht current, will) its circling 
eddy, snatched her a.wuy, and carried her down the 
stream. A Dove, pitying her diatiessed condition, 
CTopt a branch from a neighbonring tree and let il fall 
into the water, by means of which the Ant saved her- 
self and got aahore. Not long afler, a fowler, having 
a design u|>on the Dove, planted hia nets, and all big 
little artillery in due order, without the bird's observ- 
ing what he was about; which the Ant perceiving, just 
as he was going to put his design into execution sbtr 
bit him by the heel, and made him give so sudden a 
start, that the Dove took the alarm and flew away. 


One gooi turn donsrves nnothor, and gratitude b axc'itvd bj 
» nobte and nntural a spirit, Iliat tip ought tn bo looked upon 


Iiould not m 

^P » nrj juat uid ei|uiublc a tiling, and m 

* iiUj, that to apeik of il properly, one ilio 

Ui]r Ihiiig nieritorious, or thai may claim praise and admiraCicu, 
•nj more than we should say, a man ought to be ren-arded or 
•amiiiended Tor not kiUing biii father, or Ibrbeariiic; Id B«t fire 
M hii neighbour'a housn. Tba bright and slijning pioee ol' 
moralil)', llierefore, which is rucoin mended to us in this Fable, 
it Kt fortli in the example of the Dove, who, witjiout any ohli- 

alion or expectation, docs a voluntarj office of charity to ite 
low crealiirB in distrcag. The conatanl uuinterruijled prae. 
Ilea orUii) virtue, U the only thing in whicii we arc capable of 
iniUting the g;real Author of our beingi whoae Belovi.<d Son, 
btaidea the many precepts lie baa given to enforce Ihia duly, 
iNal Ihia enpreaaion t» a cumnwn any ing, it is more bleaaed (o 
(ive llun to receive. 

PAR. CXXXIV, Tke Eaele und the Crow. 

An Biigle flew down from the top of h Ijifili rock, 
uid settled upon the bnck of n Lamb, and then instant- 
1t flying up into ilie air again, bore Ilia bleating prize 
•loft in his pounces. A Crow who a«t upon an elm, 
uid beheld this exploit, rei<nlv(>(l to imitate it; bo lly- 

3U jESOFS fables. 

ing down upon the back of a ram, and entangling hU 
clawa in the wool, he fell a chattering, and aUempted 
to fly; by which meana he drew the observation of the 
Bhephord upon him, who finding his feet hampered in 
the Heece of the ram, easily took him, and gave him 
' to his boya for their sport and dirersion. 


Eierj qoalitj which is excellent and cornmcadnble, is nut 
however, alwajia > proper object of our imitation. We ougfal 
to state our own account hoDSMly uid (ajrly, that we ma; see 
wbBt our abilities are, and how our circumstanccB stand, other. 
vriae, we may not only become ridiculous to others, but preiju. 
diciat to ourselves, by some awkward and ill Judged emulation: 
thoagh it happened )o bo io a qualification truly laudable and 
great. It behaves every man to exert a good share of industry 
towards the advancement of his inlfirBat,or if he ploasoa, of hii 
reputation. But then 

Meter! se quemque suo modulo ao pcde vcrtun eat — Hon. 
it is highly necessary that he does this with a true regard In 
his own capucity, and without any danger of exposing or eui 
barrasaing himself in tlu operation. 


FAB. CXXXV, TA« Envious Man and the Covetous. 

An envious man happened to be offering up his 
prayetB to Jupiter, just in the time and place with a 
I'ovetoua miserable fellow. Jupiter, not caring to be 
troubled with their impertinences himself, sent Apol- 
lo U) examine the merits of their petitinns, und give 
tbem such relief as he should think proper. Apollo 
ihecefore opened his commission, and withal told 
Ihem, to make abort of the matter, whatever the one 
uked, the other should have it double. Upon this, 
the covetous man, though he had a thousand things 
to request, yet forbore to ask first, hoping to receive 
a double quantity, for he concluded that all men's 
B-Jshes sympathised with his. By this means, the 
envious man had an opportunity of preferring his pe> 
tition first, which was the thing he aimed atj so with- 
out much hesitation, he prayed to be rc-believed hj 
having oDe of his eyes put out; knowing that of 



In thiB Fible, the folly of thaw two yice*, en»y and BvaricE, u 
fiilly eipaud, uid handBomely rallied. Ths miser, ihough lie 
faaa ihe richea of tlie world, without slinl, laid open to hia 
uhoine, yet dsres not nanic tho sum, for leat another should be 
richer than hiraBelK Tho advojitago of a double quanlity, by 
receiviue; laat, is what we cannot bear to lose; and he foarB ac- 
cordingly. The eniioui man, though he liae Ilie power of call- 
ing tor good ihingB, without measure, to liimself or olherB, yet 
waves tliifl happy privilege, and ia content to punish btmaelf by 
a very great Iosb, even tnal of an cya, that he may bring down 
a doi^Ie portion of the like calamity upon another. 'I'heae are 
tlie true tempera of the covetoua and envloua: one can scarci; 
determine whethor Ih^y are more miBchiovoiia to Ibemaelvca or 
the public; but it ia manifeat, that they are highly nuxioua U> 
both, and should ba trcalcd accDrdinglyi 


Tbe first time the Fox rh Che L on he I 1 down 
tt hii feet, and was ready to d c w th fca The se 
cond lime he loolt couro^, and could even bear lo look 
upon him. The third lime ho hud the impudence to 
come up lo him, to SBlute him, and to enter inUi ft- 
miliar converaalion with him. 

Prum thil Ftble we may a^netve the tvra eitnmos in whioli 
we nuf &II, a* to 1 proper brliaviour towinli our lupcriort; 
tbe OM l< a bBBhfutneH. procGoding either fram a virinu? gail- 
ll mind, or liinoro-iH riisticy; tha other, an o'orboarinjt iinpu- 
<moa, which laaumca mare tliiii beCdinoB it, and wi n-iidurs the 
ptraoa ineuRbrible to iJie conremtlon ot well.hred muonablo 
peo^. Bat there le tliii ditTsrenoo betwMn iho bishrulneu 
thit>ri«n from the nnl oralucalion, and iho aliamorBoedneHi 
thai aecornpaniea mnacinui guilt; the lirit. hy a continuBnce ol' 
tine, and ■ noarer acquaintance, may be ripened into a |iraper 
the other no louner finds an eaijr {iractlrable 
•fceu, but it tlirowa off alt manner of rBvorenoa, growi •very 


daj more and inoro familiar, and briujchea out into tbe ntnusi 
indecency and irregularity. Indeed there are man; occasionB 
which may happen to cast an awe, or evea a terror upon our 
mlnda at ftrat view, without any Just and reaaonablc grounds; 
but upon a little TecoUectiDO, or a nearer insight, we recover 
narselves, and appear indifierent and □nconccrned, where, be- 
fore we are ready to sinh under a load of diffidence and fou. 
We should, upoD Euch occasions, use our endeavoura to regain 
a due degree of steadiness and resolutioni but, at the same time, 
we must have a care that our ellbrta in that respect do not force 
the balance too much, and make it to rise to an unbecoiuing 
tlfiedom, and an offensive familiatit)'. 

FAB. CXXXVII. The Geese and the Cranes. 

A fliHik of Geese and a parcel of Cranes used oftuii 
to feed together in n com-Ueld. At last the owner of 
the com with his Morvants, coming upon them of a 
sudden, surprised them in the very act; and the geese 
being heavy, fat, fulM>odied creatures, were most of 
thetn sufTerers; but the cranes, being thin and light, 
easily flew away. 




Whan the enemj com™ to uibJib sciiure, thry are aiire lo 
aoSer moat wtioso circunislanccs Rre (he richest and fatteaL 
In uij case of pcrsccutiun, money hajigs like a. dead weight 
■boat ■ mui; iind wo ocvar feel gold so heavy oa when vie are 
□u^ing* off with it. 

Therelbre wiae and politic minislera of stale, wheRpver thej 
■ee t atorm begin to guthvr over their heida, ilwirs take care 
U> unlule tliemselvei of a good part of their cargo; and by Ihiii 
inoina, Mldom find but the blasts of obloquy through which 
(hey ue lo make llicir way, are leu deaf ajid inexorable than 
the alonn; waves ofthe ocean. 

Indeed, povcity is too tVeqacntly the oecasion of men's bo. 
inj treated u if they ware guilty of (Jie greatest crime, and re- 
prachea; but then these sort of criminals have thia advantage, 
that DO one ttiinka lit to treat theiu with any thing woriie than 
contempt; whereas, if any pretence can be found to tail upon 
tba man who ia rich, it is a miracle if he escapes with both life 
and money. 

In short, riches are like the baggaee of an army; very usalut 
nheo we lie in quiet possession of the camp, or are powerful 
enough to defy the enemy, but when onca wo are put (n the 

quit eat baggage as soon as posaible, and leave it for plundor 
loonr pursuers. Nay, however ationgly entrenched we may 
think ourselves, aa long as money is in (he case, it is good to 
look about us for fear of aurprUe; for after all, ho that does not, 
upon occasion, make himself wings with his riches, lo fly off 
Kith, deserves to be ptinished, like u eoose as he is. for hia 


FAB. CXXXVIir. The Horae and the Asa. 

Tut. Horge adorned with hia great war-snridlo, and 
champing Ilia foaming bridle, came thundfiring along 
the way, and made the mountains echo with hia loud 
■hrili neighing. He had not gone far before he ovei^ 
look an Asa, who was labouring under a heavy bur> 
den, and moving slowly on the same track with him- 
self. Immediately he called out to him, in a haughty 
imperious tone, and threatened to trample him in the 
dirt, if he did not break the way for him. The poor, 
patient Asa, not daring to diapute the matter, quietly 
got out of hia way aa fnst aa he could, and let him go 
by. Not long afler thia, the same horse, in an en- 
gagement with the enemy, happened to be shot in the 
eye, which made him unfit for show, or any militarv 
businesa, ho he was slript of his fine ornaments, and 
sold to a currier. The Asa meeting him in this for- 
lorn coniliiion, thought that now it was his tuiu to 

iniullj and so saya he. Heyday, friend! is it you? 
Well, I always believed that pride of yours would one 
dtj bare a fall. 


■ oii«cn3DntBb1o vice; nmiiy people fall 

tboaglita of it. There !■ no iniii Uiat Ihinki well of himseir, 
batdenire* thai the reit of (he world should think ni ino. Kow 
it IB the wrong nmusurei W8 lake in cndenfouring ■dcr this 
that oipiwcii us to discerning people in that light vhich the; 
call pride, and which in to fat from giving us an> i-Jvantage io 
tlieii eiteem. that it rendora us doHpicablc Ani rlcicalodF. It ia 
in tflectalioD of appeariaj; cansjderablc, that puti mes upon 
tnioe proud and immlsatj and the very being- so, makes them 
b&Uiblj little and inconaidcrablc. The man that claims and 
alk Sor rensrence and respect, deserves none; ho that aaka (ai 
■ppUuse, is aiire tfl lose it; the certain waj to gel it is, to seem 
to ahun ilj and the humble man. according to the maxima, even 
af (hi* world, is the moat likely to be eiaVd. He (hat, in hi* 
words or actions, pleads for superiority, aj^d rather chooses to 
do an ill action, than to condescend to du a good one, acts like a 
heathen, and in void of reaean and undei standing. The rich 
and the powerful K-ant nothing but the love and eatcen:i of man- 
kind to complete their felicity; and Iheee (hey are aura to ob- 
tain by a good humoured, kind condescension: and hi certain 
ofbeing every body's aversion, while the leaal tincture of over, 
bearing rudeneas ia perceivable in (heir words or actions. What 
brutal tempers must they be oli who can be easy and indlifitr. 
mt, while they know tbemselves to be onivemlly hated, (hough 
in the niidit of affluence and power? 

But this is not all; for if ever the Wheel of Fortune ahould 
arhirl them from the top Io the bottom, instead of friindiihip or 
Mxnmiec ration, (hey will meet with nothing but contempt; 
i&d that with mudi more jualin, than over they themselves 
ewrled it towaidi otliera. 


FAB. CXXXIX. TAe Husbaiidmi 

A. certain IIusba.n(tinan lying al ttie puiiit of death, 
snd being desirous his sons should pursue that inno- 
cent entertaining course of agriculture, in which him- 
Belf had been engaged all his life, made use of this 
expedient to induce them to it. He called them to 
his bed-side, and spoke to this efTect. All the patri- 
mony I have to bequeath to jou. Sons, is my form and 
vineyard, of which 1 make you joint-heirs. But I 
charge you not to let it go out of yotir own occupa? 
lion; for, if I have any treasure besides, it lies buried 
somewhere in the ground, within a foot of the sur- 
face. This made the Sons conclude, that he talked 
of money, which he had hid there; so after their fath- 
er's death, with unwearied diligenue and application 
they carefully dug up every inch, both of the farm and 
vineyard. From whence it coiue to pass, that though 

Ihey missed of the treasure which they expected, the 
ground by being ao well stirred and loosened, produ- 
ced 30 plentiful a crop of all that was sowed in it, as 
ptoved a real, and that no inconaiclerabje treasure. 

Jjabmu and Industry veil applied, «eIdom fall of finding' a 
iTBUurK; uid since something towards the inconvsniences snil 
pleasureB of lite maj he lJiu« procured, why should we lose 
■nd throw il awa/, by being slothful and idlcl Exercise is a 
great sDpport of health, und hcalLh is bj for tlic grealcsl eingia 
blessiDg of liie; which alone will weigh suiHcienlly with any 
BoaaiderslB man, so as In keep him from being utterly desliluto 
of em ploy men L Bat of all tlie kinds of treasure which are sure 
to reward the diligence of ihe active man, none is more agree- 
able, cither in tlie pursuit or possession, than that which srlees 
from the cuUurB of the earth. What can be more eatiafoctory, 
Ihsn to have our hope grow and incresie ercry day with the 
product of the ground; to have our minds entertained with the 
wonderful economy of the vegetable world; our nerres strength. 
ened, and our hlood purliied, h; a constant return of exercise; 

•nd s new relish giien lo every meal, from the frignmcv of 

the air, and freshness of the soil; add to these, that the interesl 
of the husbandman is, as it were, planted in his field, which 
will never cheat or deceite him, and hissloek is placed in a far 
better fund than South Sea, Bank, or India: a fund which will 
bring him in cent per cent without hurting any body else, nay, 
la the advantage and conrenience of the publi 



sima Tellus. Vuu. 
The traasuTBs and delighlB of agriculture are BO vaiiouB, thai 
Ihey are not easily In be described, and are never to be excel 
M. They are scarce to be oonceived by one that hsa not fell 
Ihem, nor to be truly painted by any but Ihe greatest poets. 

A Lion, seeing a. fine jilumpNag, had b grcalmiod 
10 eal a. bit of him, but knew not which way to get 
him into his power. At last lie bethought himself of 
tbis i;ontrivaiicei be gave out that he was a physician, 
who, having gained experience hy hla travels into 
foreign countries, had made himself capnlile nf curing 
any sort of malady or distemper, incident to any kind 
of beast; hoping, by this stratagem, to get an easier 
admittance among the cattle, and find an opportunitj 
to execute liis design. The horse, who smoked iha 
matter was resolved to be even with him; and so 
humouring the thing, as if he suspected nothing, he 
(irayed the lion to give him his advice in relation to a 
thorn he had got in his foot, which had quite lamed 
him, and gave him great pain anil uneasiness. The 
lion readily agreed, and desired he might see the 
loot. Upon which Ihe horse lifted up both his hind 

JE80P9 FA6LE& fiftS 

legs, and while the lion pretended to be poring ear- 
nestly upon his hoof, gave him such a kick in the face 
as quite stunned him, and left him sprawling upon 
the ground. In the mean time, the horse trotted 
away, neighing and laughing merrily at the success 
of the trick, by which he had defeated the purpose of 
one who intended to have tricked him out of his life. 


Though all maimer of firand and tricking is mean, and otter- 
Ij bene^ a man of aense and honour, yet, methinks, equity 
itaeif allows us to disappoint the deceiver, and to repel crafl by 
cunning. Treachery has something so wicked and worthy of 
punishment in its nature, that it deserves to meet with a return 
of its own kind; an open revenge would be tooliberal for it, and 
nothing matches it but itself. However, therefore, abominable 
it is, to be the aggressor in this point, yet it cannot be incon- 
•islent with virtue to counterplot, and take all manner of ad- 
fiotages against the man who is undermining us. 

Dolus, an virtus, quis in hoste requirat? Virg. 

Hiis praotico is a maxim which that nice poet makes for the 
ose of his good ^ESneas. And we may at any time follow the 
lame example, without incurring the imputation of doing a 
wrong thing. 


FAB CXLI The L n the Bear and the Fox 

A Lion and a Bear fell together by the ears over the 
carcase of a Fawn, which they found in the forest; 
their title to it being to be decided by force of arms. 
The battle was severe and tough on both aides; and 
they held it out, tearing and worrying one another m 
long, that, with wounda and fatigues, they were m 
faint and weary, that they were not able to ntrike 
ELnother stroke. Thus, while they lay upon the ground, 
panting and lolling out their tongues, a Fox chanced 
to pass by that way, who, perceiving how the case 
Btood, very impudently stepped in between them, seiz- 
ed the booty which they had nil this while been con- 
tending for, and carried it off. The two combatants, 
who lay and beheld all this, without having strength 
enough to stir and prevent it, were only wise enough 
to make this reflection; behold the fruits of onr strife 
and contention! that villain, the Fox, bears away the 
prize, and we ourselves have deprived each other of 
the power to recover it from him. 



When fwopta go to law iboul an uncertain title, and hava 
ipDnt their wholo estitcain the contest, nothing is more com- 
mon than far »me little pcllifbg'guig attorne;' to step in, and 
aecnre it lo himwlf. The very name of law aeems tn imply 
vqnitjand Juntice, and thiil in the bait which has drawn in many 
In their rnin. — Others are excited by their passions, and care 
Jwl if Iboy daslroy themselvea, bo that they do but see Iheir 
raemj perish with them. But if we lay aside prejudice and 
loUy, and think calmly of the matter, we shall find, that going 
to law in not tht best way of deciding differences about proper- 
ly, it being, generally speaking, much safer to trust to the 
trbilration of two or three honest sensible neighbours, than al 
last eipence of money, lime and Irouhle, to run through the 
ladious. friTolDUB Ibrma, with which, by the arlilicc of greedy 
lawyers, a court of judicature ia contrived to be attended- It 
haa been said, Iliat il' mankind would but lead virtuous, moral 
lina, there would be no ocrasion Icr diiines; ifthey would live 
temperately and soberly, (hat they would never want physicians; 
both which BSBerIian^ though (rue in the main, ire yet expresk- 
Dd in too greal a latitude. But one may ventnn to affirm, that 
if men preserved a strict regard lo justice and honesty in their 
dealitifB with each other, and upon any mistake or misappm- 
IWDiion, were always ready to refer the mailer to disinterested 
tun^es of acknowledged judgment and integrity, they noier 
eould have the least occasion for lawyers. When people have 
gune to law, it ia rarely to be found but one or bnlh parlies was 
tithcr atupidly obstinate, or rashly inconsiderate, for, if the 
cue should happen to be so intricate, that a man of common 
•enM could nol distinguish who had llic beat liCli^, how easy 
woold il be to have the opinion of the best counsel in (he land, 
and agree to determine it by that? If it should appear dubious 
•Tsn alter that, how much better would il be lo divide the thing 
in dinnte, rather than go lo law, and haiard the losing, not 
goly the whole, but costs and damages into the bar^iainT In 
ibMt, if poople were hut really as well bred, as sensible and 
hrxwatas they would be Ihought to be. nobody vroold go to U»- 


It was rcportcti ihdt the Lion was aick and the 
beaats were made to believe, that they couid not mtike 
their court better, than by going to viait hiia. Upon 
this, they generally went; but it was particulaily ta- 
ken notice of, thitt the Fox was not among the num- 
ber. The Lion, therefore, dispatched one of hig 
Jackals to aountl him about it, and ask him why he 
had ao little charity and respect, as never to come 
near him at a time when he lay so dangerously ill, 
and every body elae had been to see hira. Why, re- 
plies the Fox, pray present my duty to his majesty, 
and tell him that I have the same respect for him aa 
ever, and have been coming several limes to kiss hii 
royal hand; but t am so terribly frightened at the 
mouth of bis cave, to see the print of my fellow suIk 
jecU' feet all pointing forwards, and none backwards, 
that I had not resolution enough to venture in. Noff 
the truth of the matter was, that this sickness of Uw 

Lion a was only a shnm lo draw the beasts into his 
den, the more easily to devour them. 

A mm ihould weigh and consider the Dnturo of any proposal 
well, balbni lie give^ into ilj for a rash and hoaty compliance 
hu been the ruin of manj ■ one. Tnllj says it is 'Nirvi et ar- 
lik lapicnliie nan timera crcdero,' the quinlcsaence of prudence, 
■M b> b? too eaey of belier. Horace, whose na; of thinking 
»■»? »o refilled and so diBtinct from the "ligar, tells Mfficonas, 
ttwl apaa a supposition of the people of Ronie'B asking him 
why lie diScrec from the received notions and opinions of the 
■Dliitudc, ha would give liim [liis answer: 
OLm quod Vulpes agrote canta Leoni 
F.eapondil, relcram: Quia me vestigia Icrrcnt 

irtiidi ii ui abridgir.cnl of tliis very tabic Indeed the mulli- 
tnd* think altogether in the same track, and are mnch upon a 
fbnting. Their meditations ore confined in one channel, and 
Ihoy bllow one another very orderly, in a regular stupidity, — 
Can ■ man of thought and spirit be harnessed thus, and trudge 
■lon^ like a pack-horse, in a deep slinking muddy roail, when 
be may friak it over the beauteous lawns, or lose himself agree- 
ably in iheshady verdant males of unrealrainBdcontomplotiiraT 
II 11 impoacible. Vulgur notions are so generally attejuleii with 
error, that wherever one traces the tbotsteps of many ttnding 
aU one way, il ■* enough to make one suspect, with the Fox in 
the Fable, that there is some trick in it. The eye of reason ia 
daDed and stupiRed when it is conGned, and made to gaze coth 
tiniully npon the same thin^l it rather chooses to look about it, 
aad «Riiwe itself with a variety ofobjecta, as Ibey lie scattered 

Xand doim in the unbounded prospect He that goes ink 
itiy into a thing, may bo mistaken, notwithstanding the 
ngmbHT of those who keep him company; but he who keeps out 

OMture*. to behave ouraelvei as such, and to do as few Ihiogf 
u pUHibie, of which we may hate occasion to repent. 

FAB. CXLIII. The Mice in Council. 

Till: Micf called ii general council, and having met, 
af^er tbe doors were locked, entered into a. free con- 
sultation about ways and means, how to render their 
fortunes and estatea more secure from the dangen 
of the cat. Many things were ofiered, and much was 
debated pro and con, upon the matter. At lost a 
young' mouse, in a line Horid speech, concluded upon 
an espedient, and that the only one which was to put 
Ihem in future entirely out of the power of the ene- 
my; and this waa, that the cat should wear a bell 
about his neck, which, upon the least motion, would 
give the alarm, and be a signal for them to retire intc 
their holes. This speech was received with great ap. 
plause, and it was even proposed by some, that the 
mouse who made it should have the thanks of the a« 
aembly. Upon which, an old gray mouse, who had 
■at silent all the while, stood up, and in anothci 


vpeech, owned that the contnvance was admirable, 
tnd the author of it without doubt an ingenious 
mouse; but, he said, he thought it would not be so 
proper to vote him thanks, till he should farther in« 
form them how this bell was to be fastened about the 
cat's neck, and what mouse would undertake to do it* 


Many things appear sensible in speculation, which are after- 
wards found to be impracticable. And since the execution of 
inj thinr, is that which is to complete and finish its very exis- 
teaee, what raw counsellors are those who advise, what pre. 
dpitate politicians those who proceed to the management of 
lldngs in their nature incapable of answering their own expec- 
tations, or their promises to others. 

At the same time the fable teaches us not to expose ourselves 
in any of our little politic Coffee-house committees, by deter- 
mining what should be done upon every occurrence of mal^. 
ministration, when we have neither commission nor power to 
execute it. He that upon such an occasion adjudges, as a pre- 
•enrative for the state, that this or that should be applied to the 
neck of those who have been enemies to it, will appear full as 
ridiculous as the mouse in. the fable, when the question is ask. 
ed, who shall put it there? In reality, we do but expose our 
•elfes to the hatred of some, and the contempt of others, when 
we inadvertently utter our impracticable speculations in re- 
•peet of the public, either in private company, or authorized 

FjIB. C\LM ThtLun /AeAs= aid the I ox 

The Lion, the Ass, and the Fox, went a hunting 
together in the forest; and it was agreed that what- 
ever was taken, should be divided amongst them. — 
They happened to have very good sport, and caught 
a large fat stag, which the Lion ordcied the Ass to 
divide. The Ass, according to the best of his capaci- 
ty, did so, and made three pretty equal shares. But 
Buch icveUing doings not suiting at all tvith the crav- 
ing temper of the greedy Lion, without further delay 
he flew upon the Ass, and tore him into pieces; and 
then bid the Fox divide it iota two parts. Reynard, 
who seldom wanted a prompter, however, had hia cue 
given him sufHciently upon this occasion; and so nib- 
ling off one little bit for himself, he laid forth all the 
rest for the Lion's portion. The royal brute was so 
dehghted at this dutiful and handsome proof of his 
respect, that he could not forbear expressing the 
satisfaction it gave him: and ask«<I him withal, where 

_rf ku 



he oonld poesiblj have learnt so proper, and so court- 
ly a behaviour ? Why, replies Reynard, to tell your 
majesty the truth, I was taught it by the Ass that 
lies dead there. 


We may learn a great deal of oseful experience from the 
example of other people, if we will but take the pains to 
obcerre them. And besides the profit of the instruction, 
there is no small pleasure in being taught any proper sci- 
ence, at the expense of somebody else. To this purpose, 
the history of former times, as well as the transactions of 
the present, are very well adapted ; and so copious, as to 
be able to furnish us with precedents upon almost every 
oocarion. The rock upon which another has split, is a 
kind of light-house or beacon, to warn us from the like 
oUmmity ; and by taking such an advantage, how easily 
may we steer a safe course. 

He that in any negotiation with his betters, does not 
well and wisely consider how to behave himself so as not 
to give offence, may very likely come off as the ass did ; 
bat the cool thinking man, though he should despair of 
e?er making friends of people in power, will be cautious 
and prudent enough, to do nothing which may provoke 
thtm to be hifl enemies. 

FAB. CXLV. The Old Lion. 

A Liort, worn out with old age, lay fetching his last 
gasp, aiid agonizing in the cotivu'aive atiugglea of 
death. Upon which occasion, several of the beasts 
who had formerly been siifibrcrs by him, came and re- 
Tcnged themselves upon him. The boar with his 
mighty tusks, drove at him in a stroke that glanceil 
like lightning. And the bull gored him with his vio. 
lent horns. Which when the Ass saw they might do 
without any danger, he too came up, and threw his 
heels into the Lion's face. Upon which, the poor old 
expiring tyrant uttered these words with liis last dy- 
ing groan: Alasl how grievous it is to Buffer insults, 
even from the brave and the valiant! but to be spiim- 
ed by so base a creature as this is, who is the disgrace 
of nature, is worse than dying ten thousand deaths. 

He that would ba reverenced and respected by the rast of 
inankint) miut lay ir 


fbr p(M{ile eaimat be persuaded to pay defcronLE and eilMai 
Ibr nolhing'. Hn IhM thougli we have lived iii eood repute id 
Uw world, if ever we should happen lo out-live our itock, we 
raiul not be lurprised if v>u find oursEheu alighiud and affront- 
ed, even by the vilcat acum nfUiB people. 

ir Iborelbre we would riiae to ourselveB a dignity which will 
eoutinue not only to the cud of our livisa, but extend iteolf fu 
down UDong the age« of posterity, we should take care lo eslab. 
lish it upon ■ Ibundntioa of virtue and good nature; this will not 
only preserve us from Iho insults oreneinies, but, upon occasion, 
turround us with a trusty guard of faithful and si 

FAB. CXLVl. The Old Mi 

A?r old man had many soni, who were often fulling 
out wilh one another. When the father had exerted 
his authority, and used other means in order to recoii- 
cile ihem, and all to no purpose, at last had recourse tu 
litis expedient; he ordered his sons to be called befora 
hiin, and a short bundle of rods to be brought; and 
(hen commanded them, one by one, to try if, with all 
■heir might and strength, ihey could nny of them bretk 

jESOP'B fablks. 

it: they all Irieil.but to no purpose; for the rods being 
cloxely and compactly bound up togotber, it was ln>- 
poBsible for the force of man to do it. After this, tlte 
lather ordered the bundle to be untied, and ^ve a sin- 
gle rod to each of his sons, at the same time bidding 
them to try- and break it; which when each did with all 
imaginable ease, the father addressed them to this ef- 
fect. OmyBona,beholdthepowerof unity: forif you 
in hke manner, ivould but keep yourselves strictly con- 
joined in the bonds of friendship, it could not be in the 
power of any mortal to hurl you; but when once the 
ties of brotherly affection are dissolved, bow soon do 
^u fall to pieces, and are liable to be violated by every 
mjurioua hand that assaults you! 

Nothing is more nacesaary towards completing and condnn- 
iag tlie well-being of mankind, ttiui their entering into snd 
{WSBervinff friendships und alUunceH. The safety of ^verrxment 
depEnda chiBfly upon lliia; and thorefbre it is weakened and «i- 
poaed to ite anemias in proportion as it ia divided by parties, 
A kingdom diMtd againtt itttlf U linmeht to denolatian. Am] 
the rame holds good among all societies and corporations of 

iiltle parochiaJ veatry. But the neoosaily of friendahipeitonda 
itself loiU aorta of resolutions in Ulei as it conduces mightiljto 
the advantage of particular ntitna and familiea. Those of the 
same blood and lineage have ■ natural disposition to unila to. 

tgether, which tlioy ought, by all means, to cultivate and ink 
prove. It muat bo a great comfort to people, when they fall no- 
der any calamity, to know that there are many others who 
■jinpatbiie with theniia|rrsatloBd of grief is migntily lessened 
when il it parcelled out into many shares. And then joy, in all 
oar passions, loves to be oommunicativc, and goiierally in- 
creases in proportion to the number of those who partake of It 
with us. Wb defy the thrsalsand malice of an enemy, whan wa 
■re sasured that he cannot attack ua single, but must encouib 
ler B bundle of allies at the same time. But they that behave 
tllemaelvBs ao, aa to have few or no fricnda in the world, live 
in a perpetual fear and jealonsy of mankind, because they are 
sensible of their own weakness, and know theinselva^ liable to 
Im crushed or brokoi to pieces bj the first nggnmot 


PAn. CXL\II. The Old Woman and her Maids. 


uned lo call up to their work cvpry morning-, at the 
crowing of the cock. The wenches who found it 
griefoui to huve their sweet sleep disturbed so early, 
Rombined together and killed the cock, thinking that 
when the alarm was gone, they might enjoy them- 
Kkea in their warm beds a little longer. The old 
wcmian, grieved for the loss of her cock, and having 
by some tneajis or other, discorcred the whole plot, 
wa* resoKed to be even with them; for, from that 
time, she obliged them to rise constantly at midnight. 
It cin nsnr be expected ihit thiage ihould be, in all raspecti 
■gTMable to our wUiwi; and if Ibey are nut iny bod indeed, 
>■ oufrht ID lauiy aaem to be contented with Uiem; leM when 
thrcHieh Impatience, we precipitatelj quit our pFCient condi- 
Uon of life, wo miiy to out wrrow find, with the old sajinp;, that 
mUmd ooma* a tietter. Before we attempt any altentlon of 

268 .£SOP-a FABLES. 

moment, we sliould be certain wliat state it will proJace ; 
Ibr when things are already bad, to maku tlitni wurae by 
trying experiments, is an argument of great weitkncEs and 
follj, and is sure to be attenitcd with too late repi^nUiiice. 
Grievances, if really Buch, ought by all meanB to be re- 
dressed, provided we can he sure of doing it with success ; 
but we bad better, at any time, bear with some inconven- 
iences, than make our coodiljon worse, by attempting to 

FAB. CXLVIir. The Falconer and the Partridge. 

A Falconer havings takpn a Partridge in Ins nets, 
the bird begged hard for a reprieve, and promised the 
man, if he would let hiin go, to decoy other Par- 
tridges into hia net. No, replies the Falconer, I was 
before determined not to spare jou, but now you ha*i; 
condemned your^ir by your own words; for he who 
is such a scoundrel, as to offer to betray his friendu, 
to save himself, deserves, if possible, worse than death. 

Howevei convenient it may be tor us to like the trea»a, yet 
we must bo very destitute of honour, not lo hate — ' -"■ ■ 



the tnitur. And aooordiiigly, hiitory furnishes us with many 
iBstmnces of kinffs and great men, who have punished the actors 
of treachery with death, though the part they acted has been so 
coaducive to their interests, as to give them a victory or per* 
haps the quiet possession of a throne. 

Nor can princes pursue a more just maxim than this; for a 
traitor is a villain of no principle, that sticks at nothing to pro- 
mote his own selfish ends: he that betrays one cause for a great 
torn of money, will betray another upon the same account; and 
therefore it must be very impolitic in a state to suffer such 
wretches to live in it 

Since then this maxim is so good, and so likely at all times to 
be practised, what stupid ro^es must they be, who undertake 
•uch precarious dirty work! if they miscarry, it generally proves 
&tal to them from, one side or other; if they succeed, perhaps 
they may have the promised reward, but are sure to be detest* 
I'd, if surored tc live, by the very person that employs them. 


. CXL X Th r p 

A Pomup w n s h h 

neat of Suak g h m dm tan h a 

They were p A pon d h m d ng 

\y; but were so annoyed with his sharp prickly quills, 
that they soon repented of their easy compliance, and 
entreated the Poreupine to withdraw, and leave them 
their hole to themselves. No, says he, let them quit 
the place that do not like it; Tor my part, I am woll 
enough satisfied as I am. 


Some people arc of auch bfulUh inliospitabio tempore, that 
Ihore IB no living with Ihem, without groally ineomincidin|[ our. 
Belvei. Therelbre, before we enter into my degree of tiiend. 
■hip. alliance, or partnerahip with any poceon vhstever, we 
should thoioaghl; coaaider his nature nnd qualitiea, hie circuni. 
Btancea and his humour. There ought la bo Bomelliing in each 
of tbese respect* to tally and correspond with our own mea. 
Hires, lo Builnur genius, and adapt itaelflo the size and propoF. 

tion of our desires, otherwise our asaociation, of whttl«~" ' ' 

Diay prove (he greatest plagues of ou 

cialioD, of whalerar lundi 
life. -^_ 


Youni^ men are apt to nm into this error; atid being warm 
in all their passions, throw open their arms at once, and admit 
in the greatest intiniacy, persons whom they know Ultle o^ but 
b^ ftlse and uncertain lights. Thus they sometimes receive a 
viper into their bosom, instead of a friend; and take a porcnpine 
fiir a consort, with whom thej are obliged to cohabit, though 
■he may prove a thorn in their sides, so long as they live. A 
tme firiend is one of the grreatest blessings in life; therefore, to 
bs mistaken or disappointed of such an enjoyment, when we 
hope to be in full possession of it, must be as great a mortifies^ 
tioo. So that we cannot be too nice and scrupulous in our 
choice of those who are to be our companions for life; for they 
most have but a poor, shallow notion of friend&hip, who intend 
to take it like a lease, for a torm of years only. In a word, the 
doctrine which this fkble speaks, is to prepare us a^rainst being 
iojored or deceived by a rash combination of any sort. The 
manners of the man we desire for a friend, or of the woman we 
like lor a wife, of the person with whom we would jointly man- 
age and concert measures for the advancement of our temporal 
interest, should be narrowly and cautiously inspected, befiwe 
we embark with them in the same vessel, lest we should alter 
our mind when it is too late, and think of regaining the shore, 
after w« have laonched out of our depth. 

jESOPs fables. 

The Peacock aid the Magpio. J 

PirE biri)s mei together upon a time, to choose u 
king, And llic Peacock standing candidate, display- 
ed his g^udy plumes, and calched the eyes of the sil- 
ly multiliide with the richness of his Teathers. The 
majority declared for him, and clapped their wings 
with great applause. But, just as they were going 
to proclaim him, the Magpie stepped forth in the 
midst of the osscmbly, and addressed himself thus to 
the new king: may it please your majesty elect, to 
permit one of your unworthy subjects to repreacnl to 
yon hia suspicions and apprehensions, in the face of 
this whole congregation; we have chosen you for our 
king, we have put our lives and fortunes into your 
hands, and our whole hope and dependence is upMi 
you: if therefore, the Eagle, the Vulture, or the Kite. 
should at any time make a descent upon us, as it is 
hiifhly probable they will, may your majesty he so 



fncioufl Bs to dispel our fears, and clear our doubti 
nbout that matter, by letting us know how you intend 
lo defend us against theinl This pithy unanswerable 
question, drew the whole audience into so just a re- 
flection, that they soon resolved to proceed to a new 
choice. But, from that time, the Peacock has been 
looked upon as a vain insignificant pretender, and the 
Magpie esteemed as eminent a speaker as any among 
the whole community of birds. 

Form and ouUide, in l)ie choice of a ruler, should not be m 
much reguded, as the qunlitica uid endowmenlB of the mind. 
In choonDg hesda of corporKlionB, from the king- of the luid, 
down 10 the msater of a company, upon Bverj new election, it 
•hoald be inqaired into, which of the candidilva is tiioat capa. 
big of advuicing the good and wellkre of tiie community; sni) 
B|<on him the choice ihould filL Bntlhe eyos of themiillitude 
ars » dazzled with pomp and ihow, noise and ceremony, that 
ttiey uanool see things really as they are; and from hence il 

comes tn pass, that so majiy absurdities are ix 

Diaintained in the world. People should eisjni 

Ibe real worth and merit of the parson, and no . . ...^ 

upon by &1m coknm and protences, of 1 kaow not what. 

FAB. CLI. The Parrot and Am Cage. 

\ Porrol h ch belonged to a person of riual t) 
was fed every day » th plenty of chn re ia n es, ai d 
kept in n stalely cage, whlcti was Bet abroad upon a 
marble table in the garden, that he might enjoy the 
light of (he shy, and the freshness of the air, to tht 
best advantage. His master, and all the family, when 
they talked to him, used the most tender and fond ex- 
preBsions, and the disorder of his featherB was smooth- 
ed with kindly touches, by the fair hand of hla lady, 
f et, notwithstanding this happy situation, he wag un> 
easy, and envied the condition of those birds who liv- 
ed free in the wilderness, and hopped up and down, 
uiiconfined, from bough to bough. He earnestly long- 
ed lo lead the same life, and secretly pined with grief, 
because his wishes were denied him. After Butne 
lime, however, it happened that the door of his cof^ 
fas left unfaNtcned, and the long wJBhed for opporlu- 





oily was given him of makingan etopemi^nt. Accord- 
ingly, out he flew, and conveyed himself am«Hig the 
shades of a neighbouring wood, where lie thought to 
■pcnd the remainder of hia days in content. But 
lias! poor Poll was mietalien; a thousand inconveni- 
ences, which he never dreamt of, attended this elope- 
ment of his, and he is now really that miserable crea- 
ture, which before his Imagination only made him. — 
He is bulTetted by the savage inhabitants of the grove; 
and his imitation of a human voice, which formerly 
rendered him so agreeable, does but the more expose 
him to the fierce resentment of the feathered nation. 
The delicate food with which he used to be fed, is no 
more; he is unikilled in the ways of providing for 
himself, and even ready to die with hunger. A storm 
of rain, thunder and lightning, fills all the air, and he 
has no place to screen and protect him: hia feathers 
are wetted with the heavy shower, and blasted with 
the flashea of lightning. His tender nature, suited to 
■ milder climate, could not stand the severe shock; 
he even died under it. But just before he breathed 
his last, ho is said to have made this reflection: ah, 
poor Poll! were you but in your cage again, you would 
never wander more. 


This labte may be a proper lenon to those who am ponKited 
with ■ ipirit of rambling, ■nd trying eiperiments: who are » 
io&tusled with tbeie ury notion), Ihit though (hey liare > 
•■rni huuae over their Jieadi, and s good tabic lo eat at, kind 
iodulgent paronli, or tbnd husbands, yet (bey cannot be can. 
tented, but must lallf forth in(o t)ie widu world, and pasa, as it 
tnn, into a new and untried being. People may have littl 
(maginary inoonrenienoet at home; but as they hare been used 
to lira in a dependence upon others, let them go abroad, and try 
to ihin for themselves, and (be; will, in all probability, toon 
ieel real miseries. No sfaip pu(s (i aea wi(hout an eiprrienced 
pilot; nor doarmiet take (he lield. bu( under a general of con- 



duct and courage; yet some women and children lire so per- 
\erae and wrongi-heiidad, that they wilt leave a quiet aafe poit, 
■nd liuncli out into a world of trouble and dangers, nilticiit thu 
least Bhare uf discretion to steer their course bj. How can 
tlicy hope lu BBcape splitting upon everj rock, who are thaf 
rush and advcDturouH? A Bovere ropenlance, aflor euch clupe- 
mcnls, 19 generally aa certain as it is iiscteBs and unregarded. 

FAB. CUI. The Fowler and the Ring-d. 

A Fowler took hia gun and nent into the woods a 
shooting He «p ed a Ring dove among the branches 
of an oak and intended to kill it He rlapped the 
piece to tus shoulder, and took hia aim accordingly; 
but jugt as he was going to pull the trigger, an ad- 
der which he had trod upon, under the graaa, stung 
him so painfully in the teg, that he was forced to quit 
his design, and throw his gun down in a passion. — 
The poison iniincdiatety infected his blood, and hia 
whole body began to mortify; which when he perceiv- 
ed, he could not help owning it to be juet. Fate, he 


ia>3, has brought destruction upon me, while 1 was 
uootriving the death of another. 


This is another lesson against injostice; a topic in which oiu 
just aatbor abounds. If we consider the matter fairly, we 
most allow it to be as reasonable that some one should do vio- 
lence to OS, as we should comn^it it-npon another: when we are 
impartial in our reflections, thus we must always think. The 
onjust man, with a hardened, unfeeling heart, can do a tliou- 
sand bitter things to others; but if any single calamity touches 
hunself^ O how tender he is! how insupportable is the uneasi- 
ness it occasions! Why should we think others born to hard 
treatment, more than ourselves? Or imagine it to be reasonable 
to do to another, what we ourselves would be unwilling to suf^ 
fer. In our behaviour to all mankind, we need only ask our- 
selvea these plain questions, and our conscience will tell us how 
to act. Conscienoe, like a good valuable domestic, plays the 
reoaembrancer to us upon all occasions, and gives us a gentle 
twitch when we are going to do a wrong thing. 

It does not, like the adder in the fable, bite us to death, bn^ 
only gives tia kind cautions. However, if we neglect these 
just and fireqnent warnings, and continue in a course of wicked- 
ness and iniustioe, do not let us be surpriied if providence 
thinks fit at last, to give as a home sting, and exercise a little 
idaUatioa Qpoo us. 

2 A 

FAB. CLin. The Sow and the WoH. 

A Sow had juat farrowed, and lay in the sty, wilh 
her whole litter of pigs about her. A Wolf, who lonff- 
ed for one of them, but knew not how to come at it, 
endeavoured to insinuate himself into the Sow's good 
opinion. And accordingly, coming up to her, how 
does the good woman in the straw do? snys he; (tan I 
be of any service to you, Mrs. Sow, in relation to your 
little family here? If you have a mind to go abroad, 
and air yourself a little or so, you may depend upon 
it, I will take as much care of your pigs as you could 
do yourself. Your humble servant, says the Sow, I 
thoroughly understand your meaning; and to lei you 
know I do, I must be so free as to tell you, I had rather 
have your room than your company; and therefore, if 
you would act like a Wolf of honour, and oblige me, 
I beg 1 may never see your face again. 



The beiii^ olScioufiy good nntured and ci«il, ia 

lElhiDg- w 


ftnion of il^ wlUkhjI bein^ Hurpriflcdi or at Iciul, §uape 
duiolereitedDcsB of liii iiitcution. EniKCully, when one ivno 
u • (Iranger (o lu, or Ihougli kiiuwii. is ill esWotiied by ar, will 
be nuking olTers of tervicea, we luve great raa»ii to look lo 
(urKlves, and eierl ■ shjnen and coldness towards liiin. We 
•tiould reiolVE not lo rect-ivo even Tavourg from bad kind of 
prnple; lor should it happen that «ome immodiate mischief wa» 
not couched in Ihcm, y cl il is dangetou* lu hoTs obligations lo 
' re them an opportunity of making a coiiiinunica. 

[7td the Slork. 

Thb Huabanilman pitched a net in his fields to lako 
rhfi Cranes and Geese, which came to feed upon the 
new-sown corn. Accordingly, he took several, both 
Cranes and Oecse, and among them a Stork, who 
fileaded hard for hia life, and amon^ oilier apolDgiei 
which he niodp, alleged that he was neither Cooai: nor 


Crane, but a poor harmless Stork, who perfotma lib 
duty to his parents to all intents and putpoaes, feed- 
ing them when they are old, and as occasion requires, 
carries them from place to place upon his back. All 
this may be true, replies the Husbantlman; but as 1 
hare taken you in bad company, and in the same 
crime, yoa must expect to sufler the same punish- 

Ifbad company had nolhinir otse Co mska us shun and BToid 
it, this, methinka, might be BuJGcient, that it infecLi and tainti 
a man's reputatioD to hs great a degree, as if he wore Ihoroug Il- 
ly versed in Ihc wickedness of tliB whole gang. What is it to 
me, if the thief who robs ma of my money, gives part of it to 
build a church? Is he erer the leas o thiefl Shall a wchdoh's 
going to prayers twice a day, save her reputation, if she is 
known U> be a malicious lying guasip? No, such miiturea of 
religion and Bin make the oSences but the mora flagrant, ai 
they convince us, that it was not comiiiiltad out of ignorance. 
Indeed, there Is no living without being guilty of some faults, 
more or lessj which the world ought to be good nalured enough 
to overlook, in consideration of the general fraihy of mankind, 
when they ore not loo gross and abundant. But whan wo are 
■o abandoned to stupidity, and a neglect of our repulalion, is 
to keep bad company, however little we may be criminal in 
reality, we must eipect the same censure and punisluiwat as 
13 due to the most aotorloos of out compaoioUH. 

FAB. CLV. T^e Shepherd's Boy. 

A certain Shepherd's boy kepi his sheep upon a 
common, and in sport nnd wantonness would often cry 
out, the wolf, the wolf. By thia means, he several 
tunes drew the husbandmen in an adjoining field frotn 
their work; who finding theouelves deluded, resolveci 
for the future to take no notice of his alarm. Soon 
•Her, ihe Wolf came indeed. The boy cried out in 
earnest. But no heed being given to his cries, tke 
aheep are devoured by the wolf. 

da tlut u delected tor beine a nolorioua liu, bcaidBi lh« 
IgDominj and rcpriMch of the thing, incara thii miuhier, Ifamt 
be will tcarcc be able to gel uiy one to believe him igaio, •> 
long u he liven. However true our complaint tniT be, or bow 
much mever it mij be Tur our interenl to hove it believed, jel 
if we hive been fiequenlty cnughl tripping before, we (hall 
liaidlj be able to giin credit (o what we relate anerward*. — 
Tbtnigh mankind ate generally stupid enough to b« oKflD in- 


u Iwlicvc ■ 

found out, are ^utficicnlly prejudicUl In the 
private ptraon wlio practiaCB Uicm. But, wlien we an: alarm- 
ed with iiiinguiBry dangers jn respect ol' IJie public, till tliB cry 
frovs quite Htole and tlircodbaief how can it be oxpocled wc 
■iHHlId know when to guard ouraeJvee aj^inat real onca. 

FAB. CLVl. The Serpent and the Mi 

A chiUI was playing in a meadow, and by ch:ince 
trod upon a serpent. The serpent, in the fury of his 
passion, turned up and bit the child with his poison- 
oUB teeth, so that it died immediately- The father 
of the child, inspired ivith grief and revenjc^e, took a 
weapon in hja hand, pursued the serpent, and before 
he could u'et into his hole struck at him, and lopt off 
a piece of his tail. T^e next day, hoping by thi> 
Ktralagem to linish his revenge, he brought to the 
serpent's hole, honey, meal and salt, and desired him 
»o come forth, proteiling, that he only sought n re- 


coDcilialisn on botb sides. However, be wag not 
able to decoy the serpent forth, who only hissed from ' 
within to this purpose: in vain you attempt a recon- 
ciliation; for, SB long as the memory of the dead child 
and the mangled tail subsistH, it will be impossible 
for you and I to have any charity for each other. 


The tnan whu has injured you, wiil nnrer fbrgivB jon, ii ■ 

Spuiiib proverb, and after their dry way, a very good one. I( 

nemi odd at lird light, becauw one would think tlie back- 

I to forvive ihould be on the side of him who received 

y; but ihetiath of Ibe msiini lies, wilh more certainly, 

rcaentniBat of another, will dwell ao continually upon tbs mind 
of the aggressor, that he cannot reat till ho liai finished hia 
vorli, and put il aa much as posttibte out of the enemy's power 
to make any return upon him. Therelbre, aa the acrpent nise. 
ly obKrves, il ia in vsin tor two people, who have palpably in- 
jured each olher, ever lo expect lo live well together ibr the 
futuie. Morality bids us lo Ibrgive our enemies, and Ihe voice 
or FBunn confirms the aame; but neither reason nor morality 
Ud 01 enter into a Triendship with, or repose a eonfidencs in 
Iboea wbo hara injursd tu. Wo may resolve not to return ill 
onge; but ought never lo be forgiven, if, when we cut pruvcnt 
it, *• pat oorselrei into onr enemy'i hand*t 

Uw inJQry; b 


FAB CLMI TAe Swallow aruio(AerB 

A Farmer ■ 

vug h 

V th flax Tl e 
Swallow observed t and des red the other b rds to 
ass Et her n p ck ng the 9eLd up and deilroy ng t 
tell n<f them that the flat wa. that pern c oua ma 
ter al of wh ch the thread was composed wh ch made 
the fowler a nets and by that means conlr buted to 
the ru n of so many ocent b rds But the pooi 
Swallow not hav ng th^ good fortune to be rcearded 
the flax snrung u) and appeared aho e the ground 
She then put tl em n m nd once more of the r m 
pend ng danger and w shed them to pluck t up n 
the bud before t vent any farther Thev at II ne 
glecled her warn ngs and the flax grew up nto a h gh 
stalk She yet again dei red then to attack t for 
that t was not yet too late But all that she cruld 
get was t* be r d culed o d desp sed for a s Ity pre 
tend ng prophet The Swallow find ng all her re- 


monstrances arailed nothing, was resolved to leave 
the society of* such unthinking careless creatures, be- 
fore it was too late* So quitting the woods, she re- 
paired to the houses; and forsaking the conversation 
of the birds, has, ever since, made her abode among 
the dwellings of men* 


Af men, we should always exercise so mach humanity, as to 
•ndeaToor the welfiure of mankind; particularly of our acquain- 
lance and relations; and, if by nothmg fiurther, at least by our 
good adnoe. When we have done this, and if occasion requir- 
ed, eontinued to repeat it a second or third time, we shall have 
loquitted ourseWes sufficiently from any imputation upon their 
miscarriages; and haTe nothing more to do, but to separate our- 
sslves from them, that we may not be involved in their ruin, or 
be supposed to partake of their error. This is ezcommunica- 
tioQ which reason allows. For, as it would be cruel on the one 
side, to persecute and hurt people for being mistaken; so, on 
the other, it would be indiscreet and over complaisant to keep 
UiMi eompuiy thnrngh all their wroog notions, and act ood- 
livy to oar oipinioo, out of pure civility. 


FAU. CLVIU. The Trumpeter taken Prisoner. 

A Trumpeter being taken prisoner, in a battle, bee 
get! hard for quarlera, declaring his innocence, and 
protesting, that he neither had, nor could kill any 
man, hearing no arms but only his trumpet, which he 
was obliged to sound «t llie word of command. For 
that reason, replied his enemies, are we determined 
not to spare jou; for though you yourself never fight, 
yet with that wicked instrument of yours, rou blow 
up animosity between other people, and so are tha 
occasion of much bloodshed. 


A man may be guilty of murder, who hnn nei'CT huidlcd ■ 
■word, or pulled a trie-gvr, or lifted up his arm with any mil- 
chievom weapon. There ii a little incendiary, called the 
tongue, which i« more venomous thaii a poiKincil arrow, and 
more killing than u Iwo-cdged <word. The moral of the lable 
Ihereroru is thia, that if in any civil ii 


nent deserves to die, b 

«8orS FABLES. 


aior« do the;, whose deviliah longuei give birth to th« I'jilitian, 
ksd excited llie lumulC Wlien wicked prieeu, inileod of 
preiehing peace and chu-it;, emplo; that engine of scandal, 
their lon^ueg, to Jbnient rebelliooB, vhelher ihey Hucceed In 
theit designs or not, they ourhl Ui be levcrely punished; tor 

A Hare insulted the Titrtnise upon account of hi? 
sldwnpsa, and vainly boaiitcd of her gnat speed in 
tunning. I^t iia make a match, replied the Tortoise, 
I will run with you fire miles Tor die pounds, and the 
Pnx vonder shtll be umpire of the race. The Hure 
Agreed, and airar they Intth started together. Bui 
the Hare, by rfason of her exceeding swilYneas, out- 
ran the Tortoise to such a degree, that she made a 
)eat of the matter; and finding herself a little tired 
(quitted in a lufi of fern that grew by the way, and 

188 .£SOP-S FABLES. 

look a nap; thinking that if the Tortoise went by, she 
could at any time fetch him up, with all the ease 
imaginable. In the mean while, the Tortoise came 
jogging on, with a alow but continued motionj and 
the Hare, out of a too great security and confidence 
of victory, over-sleeping heraelf, the Tortoise arrived 
ftl the end of the race first. 

IndiHlrj and applLcation lo busin^ta mukes amends for the 
ivant of a quick and read; wiL Hence it is, that the vicbiry ii 
Dot slways to Ihc alron?, nor the race to the swift. Men of 
fine paria are apt to deepiae the drudnrj of buaiiiBss; bul by 
tSteting to show the luperioiity of their genius, upon mui; 
occasionB, (hey run into too great an eitreine the other way; 
and the adminiatration of their aSaira is ruined through idle- 
ness and neglect. What advantage haa a man fium the lertili- 
tj uf hia invention, and the vivacity of hia imagination, unleu 
tus rcaolutions are executed with a suitable and uninterrupted 
rapidity? In short, your men of wit ajid fire, aa they are called, 
are ofUn timea aots, alovena, and lazy fellows; Ihey are gene- 
rally proud and conceited to the laat degree; and in the main, 
not the fittest persons for either conversation or bueineas. — 
Such is their vanity, they think the sprighllinesa of their 
humour inconsistent with a plain sober way of thinking and 
apeaking, and able to atone for all the hole negtecta of their 
buaineaa and person. But the world wilt not be t!ius imposed 
upon: the man who wonld gain the esteem of others, and make 
his own fortune, muat be one that carries his point etTectually, 
and finishes hia courae without swerving and loitering. Men 
of dull pacta, and alow apprehension, aaaiated by a continued 
diligence, are more likely te attain this, than your briah retail, 
era of wit, with their aSected apleen and indolence. And, if 
Dusiness be but well done, no matter whether It be done by the 
sullies of a refined wit, or the conaidenng head ofa plain plod- 
ding man 


FAB. CLX. Tie Wolf in Sheep's Clothing. 

A Wolf clothing himaelf in the skin or a sheep, and 
letting in among the flock, by this means took the 
opportunity to devour many of them. At last the 
Shepherd discovered him, and cunningly fastening a 
rape about his neck, tied him up to a tree which stood 
hard by. Some other Shepherds happening to pass 
that vay, and observing what he was about, drew 
neat, and expressed their admiration al it. What, 
says one of them, brother, do yon make hanging of 
sheep? No, replies the other, but I make hanging of 
a Wolf whenever I catch him, though in the habit 
and garb of a Sheep. Then he showed them their 
mistake; and they applauded the justice of the execn- 


Tbii fMn ihow* ua. thai no tegtrd is lo be hwl lo tha ineic 

nibit or outnide of any person, but to undisguined worth uut in- 

■riniic Tirliw. Whan >i-e place our osleem upon the eilemlJ 

390 ^SOP'3 FABLEB. 

garb, before wc inform oursolveB of iho qualiticB whirJi it om- 
ers, wo may often mistake evil for go<x1tand inategd of a sheep 
take a wolf into our protection. "Dierefbre, howovor innocenl 
or sancIiSed an; one dib; appeBr as to the vesture nhetewith 
be ia clothed, WA shall act raahlVi hecause we may be impomit 
apoD, if from thence we take it lor granted, that he is inwoidlj 
u good and righteous as his oatward robe would perstiado us 
he IB. Men of judgment and penetralioti do not use (o give an 
implicit credit to a particular Iiabit, or a particular colour, but 
love lo make a more exact scrutiny. 

Detrabere et pellem, nitidus qua quiEque per ora 
Cederet, intiorsuni turpis. Hon. 

He that won't come up to the character of an honest good 
kind of a man, when stnpt of his sheep's clothing, ia but the 
ifiore detestable tor his intended impostuce: as the wolf was but 
the more obooxioos to the Hhepherd's resentment, by tvearing 
a habit ao UtUe suiting to his manncre. 

FAB. CLXI. The Wolves anrl the Hbecp. 

Tre Wolfes and the Shepp hnd been a long timi 
m a stale of war together At last a cessation of arms 
was proposed in order to a treaty of pear-e ami lios 
tages were lo be delivered on both aides for secunlv 
The WoUes propoaed that the Sheep should giie up 
Iheir Jogs on the one side; and that they would deliv- 
er up their young ones on the other. This proposal 
was agreed to; but no sooner executed, than the young 
Wolves began to howl for want of their dams. The 
old ones look this opportunity to cry oul, ' the treaty 
WM broke;' and so falling upon the Sheep, who wore 
destitute of their faithful guardians, the doga, thej 
worried and devoured them without control. 


nte uiil low lire, wg ehould have a speciil nffttA htm, and with 
vbom ws truil ourBclvst. Men, in this mpcct, ought lo look 


, each ahould act with K 
eaulioQi a view to tlicir own interest, aa never to pledge or part 
with that which ia the very eBeencE aiid baaia of Ihejr tklely 
■nil well being. 

And if this be a jiiet and roaBonable tuIe for mon to goveni 
IbemBelvBB by, in their own private affairs, how much more fil- 
ling and necesBarj ic it in any conjunclure wherein the public 
is concerned? If the coamy ahould demand our whole army lor 
a Jioetage, tho danger in oui complying witli it would be n 
groGs and apparent, Ihat we could not help obasrving it; bul 
perhaps a. country may cr|un11y expose itself by parting with a 
particular towo or genDial, aa its whole army; its safety dcI 
■eldom depending oa much upon one of the former, as upon the 
Utter. In short, hostngaa and securitJcB may ba eomething 
very dear to us, but ought never to be given up, if our wollais 
uid preservation have anj dependence upon theui. 

FAB. CLXII. Tfte Young Man anrf his Cat. 

lit a 

I to such B degree, that he c 



tber night nor day, for the excess of Ins passion. At 
list he prayed to Venus, the goddess of beauty, to pity 
him, and relieve his pain. The good-natured god- 
dess wiis propitious, and heard his prayers; before he 
rose up from kneeling, the Cat which he hold in his 
arms was transformed into a beautiful girl. The 
youth was transported with joy, and married her that 
Tery day. At night they went to bed; and as the new 
bride lay encircled in the embraces of her amorous 
husband, she unfortunately heard a mouse behind the 
hangings, and sprung from his arms lo pursue it. — 
Venus, offended to see her sacred rights profaned by 
■uch an indecent behaviour; and perceiving that her 
new convert, though a woman in outward appearance, 
was a Cat in her heart; she made her return to her 
old fomi again, that her manners and person might 
be agreeable tc each other. 


Ibem: wa laij reGnii and improre, but can never loUlty alter 

Upon thi« account it U, thai we oftentimcg ace «il1j, «wkw»ra 
Mockheada diaplsying Iheir idiDtifiin nnd tblly thraugli all their 
mai^B of dignity; lor fome naturea are bo coarse and rustic, 
Itiatall the embroidery ofacuartrannol conceal them. DauM- 
lem Buch people ware intended by nature ftir notliing above 
driTing- hoffB Is a fair, and laughing il the jokes of a rounlry 
merry .and raw. — Fortune lias found them worthy of her favors, 

In give frequent indications of their true composition, by a 
■' ' '' ■ " a equipage, and a grand 


Her lawa ar 

to their manners and behaviour 
and education, but a much sir 
BO strong, that it is in vain fo 

man to any exalted alali 

lotivith standi ng » 
sn that every time ha spcaki and acta, be cannot 
the fiwi for the blood of him. 
2 b3 

FAB. CLXIII. The Ass eaHng Thisi 

J vera! 

An Ass was loaded with good provisii 
Borta, which, in time of harvest, he was carrying into 
the field for his master and the reapers to dine upon. 
By the way he met with a fine large thistle, and being 
very hungry, began to mumble it; which while he was 
ioing, he entered into this reflection. How many 
greedy epicures would think themselves happy amidst 
Buch a variety of delicate viands as I now carry? But 
to me the prickly thistle is more savoury and relishing 
than the most exquisite and sumptuous banquet. 
Happiness and niiBPry, and DfWndmes pleasure and 
pain, exist merely in our opinion, and are no more W 
be acuouiil«d ior than the dillureni;e of tastta. Tbat 
wliicli U one man's meat ia anotljer man'a poiaon, ia a 
propositioii that ought to be allowed in all partieulan, 
vheni the opiuion ib conL-erned, as veil as in eating and 
drinking. Our eeneca must iuform ub vhetlier a thing 
pleases or displeases before we can dci^lart our judgment 
of it; and that ia, to any man (^d or ovii whidi bia 


own undentanding 8ii|rgrest8 to him to be so; and not that which 
ia agrreeable to another^s fancy. And yet, as reasonable and 
IS necessar J as it is to ffrant this, how apt we are to wonder at 
people, for not liking this or that, or how they can think so and 
■0? This childish humour, of wondering at the different tastes 
and opinions of others, occasions much uneasiness amon^ the 
generality of mankind. But if we consider things rightly, 
why should we be more concerned at others differing from as 
m their way of thinking upon any subject whatever, than at 
their likincr cheese or mustard, one or both of which we may 
happen to mslike? In truth, he that expects all mankind should 
be of his opinion, b much more stupid and unreasonable than 
the Ass in the &ble. 


FAB. CLXIV. The Horse and the loaded Asa. 

An idle Horse, and an Ass labouring under a heavy 
burden, were travelling the road together; they both 
belonged to a country fellow, who trudged it on fool 
by them. The Ass, ready to faint under his heavy 
load, entreated the horse to assist him, and lighten 
his burden, by laking some of it upon his back. - 
The horse was ill-natured, and refused to do it; upon 
which the poor Ass tumbled down in the midst of the 
high-way, and expired in an instant. The country- 
man ungirted his pack-saddle, and tried several ways 
to relieve him, hut all to no purpose; which when he 
perceived, he took the whole burden and laid it upon 
the Horee, together with the skin of the dead Aas; so 
that the Horse, by his morosenesa in refusing to do a 
small kindness, justly biought upon himsetf a great 




Self-lora i« no sueli iU principle, if il w«rB but well and Irulj 
fitMtsd; for it u impoHible, that any man should love hiinaelf 
to uij purpose, who nithdrawa his uaiBtance fiom his fricnda, 
or tbe public Everf ^vernmenl is to be coiinidered u a 
body politic; and evsrf man who lives in it, us a member cif 
Ihal bodj. Now, to carry on tba allegory, no member osn 
thrive better, than when they all jointly unite their endeavours 
to 4uisl and improve the whole. If (ha bead was to refuse it* 
•nistsnce in procuring food for the mouth, they mu!it both 
Marte vad perish together. And when those, who are parlies 
awcemed in the same community, deny such assistiince to 
Mch other, u the preservation of that community necessarily 
requires, their eelf-inlerestedness in that case, is ill-directed, 
■nd will have a quite contrary effect from what they inlended. 
How many people are so senseless, as to think it hard that 
■kara should be any tuies in the nation! whereas, were there to 
in aorie indeed, thine very people would be undone immediate. 
^. That little properly they have, would be presently plunder- 
ad by Ibrilgn or domoitic enemies; and then they would be glad 
Id contribute Iheir quota even without an act of parliament. — 
The charges ofaupparting a gavemment are necessary things, 
and eaaily supplied by a due and well proportioned contribu. 

Bui, in a narrower and more confined view, to be reudf la 
aaaiit our friende upon all occasions, is not only good, u it is 
an act of humanity, but highly discreet, as it strengthens ottr 
interests, and gives us ao opportunity of lightening the burden 

198 jESOFS fables. 

FAB. CUCV. The Bees, tke Drones, and the Wasp. 

A parcel uf Dronea got into a hive amon^ the Bees, 
and disputed the title with them, swearing; that the 
honey and the combs were their goods. The Bees 
were obliged to go to law with them, and the Wasp 
happened to be judge of the cause; one who was well 
acquainted with the nature of each, and therefore the 
better qualified lo decide the controversy between 
them. Accordingly, gentlemen, says he, (speaking 
to both plaintiff and defendant) the usual method of 
proceeding in these courts is pretty chargeable, and 
slow withai; therefore, as you are both my friends, 
and I wish you well, I desire you would refer the mat- 
ter to me, and I will decide betwixt you instantly. — 
They were both pleased with the offer, and returned 
him thanks. Why then, says he, that it may appear 
who is the just proprietor of these honey-combs, (for 
being both so nearly alike, as you are in colDur> I 

JESOP'8 FABLE3. 999 

must needs own the point is somewhat dubious) do 
j'ou, addressing himself to the Bees, take one hive; 
Tou, speaking to the Dronea, another; and go to ma- 
king honej aa fast as you can, that we may know by 
the laste and colour of it, who has the beiit title lo the 
dispute. The Bees readily accepted the proposa), but 
the Drones would not stand to it. And ao judge 
Waap, without any farther ceremony, declared in 
fiTour of the forrner. 


Nothing i» so (ure a lignof a man'a being, or, at leaat, think. 
ing himseir in the wrong, as hia rofuaing to come to a reftr- 
ancc And, how liappy would it b« tor the public, irour Jndfei 
Bow.k-days were empowered to despatch cauEca in that euj 
npedile wiy which the Waap In the Fabla made luc of. But 
ai it ia, the impudent, idle, good for nothing drones of the na. 
ttarv, oisnj timea poaaeBS Uioat fivoura and benefits, which 
diontd be the rewards of men of puts and industry. 

Princei may easily be impoaed upon, if they will take every 
liUle tellow'a word for the measuio of liis own merit. And it 
Is indeed acarce ponaible that the encouragements of a court 
ahould slwaya be dispensed to the moat duscrring men; Ibr such 
■re loo modest to ofFcr Ihemeelrea. But it higljly concetna but 
poTernment, in the dispensation of its favours, lo dlBtingoial) 
Uioae who have behaved well; and not la let placea of profit and 
advantage be run away with by drones, wlio never exsrtsd tbe 
l*«>t degrw of merit. 

FAB. CLXVl. The Fox in the Well. 

A tax having fallen nto a well made a ah ft by 
stick ng h a clawa nio the s 6.p^ to keep h a head 
above the water Soon after a W olf came an i peep- 
ed over the br nk lo whom the Fox appi ed h maelf 
very earnestly for assistance; entreating that he would 
help him to a rope, or something of that kind, which 
might favour his escape. The. Wolf, moved with 
compassion at hia misfortune, could not forbear ex- 
pressing his concern. Ah! poor Reynard, saya he, I 
am sorry for you with all my heart; how could you 
possibly come into thJa melancholy condition? Nay, 
pry'lhee friend, replies the Fox, if you wish me well, 
do not stand pitying of me, but lend me some succom 
aa fast aa you can: for pity ia but cold comfort when 
one is up to the chin in water, and within a hair's 
breadth of starving or drowning. 



Pitj indeed, is, ofilBelf, buL poor coinlbrt at uij lime; ind iin> 
le» it produceB soniothing more aubatantial, in ratlier importi- 
IMDlI; trDubleiioine, Iban anj war aereeable. To stand bo- 
moviinf tfae jDiHTortnnefl of our triendH without offering mown 
cipvdienl to alleviate them, is onlj echoins to thair gnef, and 
letting them in mind that Ibe; are miBerable, He ia truly 
my Triend, who wilb a re.'idj presence armiiid auppurta me; not 
he who condoloi with me upon my ill Bucceas, und says be is 
rery sorry lor mj Idas. In short, u TaTour or obligation is 
doubled, by being well limi-d; uid he is the best benefBclor, who 
knoicB ODi neceisiliee, and complies with our winhea, even be. 


Tke Fox and the Wolf. 

Tub Wolf having laid in a store of jirovisiona, kept 
close at home, and made much of himself. The Fox 
obtervin^ this, and thinking it something particular, 
went to visit him, the better to inform himself of the 
truth of the matter. The Wolf excused himself from 
Meing him, by pretending he was very much indiB 


poaoH. All this did but conUrm the Fox m hie ma- 
piciona; so away he goea to the shepherd, a.nd made 
discovery of the Wolf, tolling him he had nothing 
else to do but come with a good weapon, and knock 
btm over the head as he lay in his cave. The shep- 
herd followed his <lirectiona, and killed the Wolf. — 
The Wicked Fox enjoyed the cave and provisions to 
himself, but enjoyed them not long; for the same shep- 
herd passing nfterwards by the same hole, and seeing 
the Fox there, de3[iatched him also. 

This fsbla aeems to be directed agiiinBt the odious trade nf 
informing. Not that giving inlormation against criminsla and 
enemies of the public, la in itaelf odious, lor it is comTnendable; 
but the ciicDmstancBB and muineT of doing it, otUntimea malie 
it s vile and detestable employment. He IhBt accuses another 
merely for the aake of the promised reward, or iu hopes of get- 
Lng bis forfeited ealals, or with any other such niercenory view, 
nay, even to nave his own life, whatever he gets by (he bargain, 
is sure to loae his reputation. For, indeed, tlie most innocent 
company is not sale with such a one in it, nor the neighbour- 
hood secure in which he lives. A villain of hia stamp, whose 
□nly end is getting, will as aoan betray the innocent astbe 
^itty: let him bat know where there ia a suspected person, 

e the n 

<ard, and he 



lospicion up to high li 
proola of it. 

We have no small ci 
trhen we consider how improbable i 

or prosper long in their ill-gotten posacsaiona. For ho (hat can 
betray another, for the sake of a little polf, niusi be a man of 
such bad principles, thai it cannot be for the interest of any 
community to suffer him to live lung in it Besides, he him- 
self will not be cnnlenled with one smgle vlllony: and there << 
no fear but he will provoke Juslica to hurl down upon hiiltead 
at least as great a calamity, as he, by hii maliciona infoma- 
tinu has brought upon another. 

tAB CLWIll The Frog aiid the Motft 

Thebb was once a great emulation between the 
Prog and the Mouse, which should be master of the 
fen and wars c nsued upon it But the craftv Mouse, 
lurking under the graaa in ambuscade, made sudden 
(allies, and often surprised the enemy at a diaadvan 
tage The Frog, excelling in atrenglh and being 
more able lo leap abroad and take the field, challeng- 
ed the Mouse to single combat. The Mouse accepts 
the challenge; and each oC them entered the lists arm- 
ed with the point of a bulrush, instead of a spear.— 
A kite sailing in the air, beheld Ihcm afar off; and 
while they were eagerly bent upon each other, and 
pressing on to the duel, this fatal enemy descended 
BouM upon them, and with her crooked lalona, car- 
ried off both the champions. 


NMhing (o murh eipoK* « mui'i weak xide, and Wjt him 

ID open lo an enemj', ai paiikm and miliee. Ks shosB nlten. 



tion is nrholl; tixed upon fc 

rant of Oio mischiofa that it , ^ „ 

Bomo olheT quarter, and upon \he alUtck, is unprovided of the 

nieang of defending- or securing' himself. 

How are tlie membera of a commonwcalUi sometimeg divid- 
ed amongst themaelvee, and inspired with rancour and iDRlice 
to the lael degiee: and onsn upon as great a tri|]e, as Ihat wiiicb 
was the subject matter of debate between the Frog arid the 
Mouae: not for any res) adtantare, but merely, who shall get 
the better in the dispute? But such animositica, as insignificant 
and trifling as they be amone themselves, are jet of the lait 
importance In tlieir enemies, by |r>*'>ig them many lair oppar- 
limiliss of falling upon tbem, and reducing them to misery and 
slavery. O Britons, whan will ye be wiael When will ye throw 
away Iho ridiculous diatincliona of party, those ends of bul- 
rushes, and by a prudent union, ascure yourselies in a state of 
peace and prosperity? A stale, of which, if it were not (or the 
intolerable foolish and unnecessary divlalons at tionn, all the 
powari upon earth awld u 

^eaop's fablib, 
FAB. CLXIX. The Man artd the Weasel. 

A Man had caught a Weaaei, and wns just ff»r\^ to 
kill it. The poor creature, to escape death, cried oul 
in a pitiful manner, O, pray do not kill me, for I am 
useful to foil, and keep your house clear from mic 
Why truly, sajs the man, if I thought you did 
purely out of love to me, I should not only he incli 
e^l to pardon you, but think myself mightily obliged 
to you. But whereas you do not only kill them, but 
yourself do the same mischief they would do, ii 
ingand gnawing my victuals, I desire you would place 
your insignificant services to some other account, and 
not to mine. Having said this, he took the wicked 
vermin, and strangled it immediately. 

n pointod at thoM who are apl to ic 

TWi fthlB i» . 
which irv dons with a prirsle view of their nwn, to their leil 
Ibr the public Thin is the can) of many a poor Grub-streel 
wrilrr: who perhajia \t for no party but himBoll^ uid of uo prin- 



ci|ile but ixiiai ii eubBervlenl to hla own interest: yet has the 
impudejice Lo cry UimBflLf up for a quondam conf^asor of the 
cause thnt happens lo flouriih, a thurough honint nian, who 
durat show hinmelf in the wuratof Ciniea. And with this poiilic 
riew, there are a hundred tliimsand mon in the nation, well at- 
tached to which parly you pleasej who aie nerving the jnterssl 
of that aide only, in their several capacitioa. By thia way of 
working, tliey hare a double advantage; firal, aa they procure 
to Iheinaelves a good numbar of conalantcuatomera ot^the aaint 
faction; and aecondly, aa they are entitled to aome remote share 
in the governmont whenever llicir faction aucceeda. But auch 

weoaeL Both may chance to have dona Oia acrvicaa they bcna! 
ol; but OS tney were principally intended for the promotion of 
tlieir own private affairs, whatever they might occasionally pro- 
duce, cannot be a sutlirifUt ^^ruund Ibr (hem to raise any merit 
upon. A highwayman may aa well plead In hie own behalf, 
iJiat be never robbed any but those who wore enemiea lo Iho 
government, and men of unsound prineiplca. But how abaurd 
would auch a pretence be' 

FAB. CLXX. jEsop and the Impei 




lier than usual; and there happening to be no other 
ahve in the house but jEsop, he was ordered to gel 
Eupper ready as fast as he could. So away he runs 
to light a candle, in order lo kindle hia fire; and the 
weather being warm, and it wanting a pretty deal of 
aight, he went up and down to several houses, before 
he could speed. At last, however, he found what be 
wanted; and being In haste, he made no scruple of 
returning directly over the market-place, which was 
his nearest way home. But, as he went along, an im- 
pertinent fellow among the crowd, caught him by the 
sleeve, and would have been arch upon him. O rare 
jGs(^, says he, what occasion for a candle, old boy; 
what, are you going to light the sun to bed? Let me 
alone, says if^sop, I am looking for a man. And hav- 
ing said this, away be scuttled home as fast as he 


M every one who calU himsclra mai 
- ■ truly di 

ir beaJ-9 the bi 


,arB, aod none ought to be alloweil for aurh, but 

Ibuw who fully ccae ap to Ihit tleSnition, it is certain one 
would hsTecccuicD lor more light Ibui that of the sun, lo find 
them out by. And it is pluin that our old philosopher did not 
lake the impertinent fellow in the rabla for one; nor, indeed, 
ihoold such be looked upon as reBsonnble crcaturea; who, with 
empty nonHnee, which Ihcy ctll wit, unsesKiniibly interrupt 
men of thought and buaineae. When one ia diHposed to be 
merry, one may bear with any shallow, flashy baffoonery; «s 
moaic, that ie not the moat elefrant, will keep up the spirits, 
when once they are raised^ but when the mind happens to he 
in a ■eriooi cast, and is wholly intent upon any matter of im- 
portance, nothing is so ofiuDaive as a fool or ■ Gddle. 

A Hut be ng | uch i 1 hard bv the hunters h d 
himaelf under the broid lea es of a shady spiea I ng 
vine When the hunters were gone by, and 1 ad giv 
en him over for lost, he, thinking himaelf very secure, 
began to crop and eat the leaves of the vine. By this 
means the branches being put into a rustling motion, 
drew the eyes of the hunters that way; who seeing 
the vine stir, and fancying some wild beast had taken 
covert there, shot their arrows at a venture, and kil- 
led the Hart; who, before he expired, uttered his 
dying words to this purpose. Ah! I suffer justly for 
my ingratitude; who could not forbear doing an injury 
to the vine, that bo kindly concealed me in time ol' 


Ingratitude has been always Bsloemod the bl^gcBl of Grimes, 
■nd whnt, as it wore, comprehendi nil other vicea within JL — 
■ " ' ■ n is rashly or unndvisediy 


snot be 
felt with the weight of ui obligHtian added to It, much [ess will 

whole, wa may conclude that the man who has heen unce guiU 
rt of ingratitude, will not slack at any other crinioa of an in- 
larior nature. Since there is uo human lawx to puaisii this 
in&aious prevailing mischief, it would be a great piece of hu. 
cian prudence (o maik and obeerve this kind of critiiinals, in 
unlet to B«oid all manner of communication with thorn. And 
if thia were strictly pnt in execution, it could he loolied Upon 
an no other than a just and proper punishmenL 

FAB. CLXXII. Tfte Drunken Husband. 

A certain woman had a drunken hnslj.ind, hIioiii, 
when she had endeavoured to reclaim sevcrul ways. 
U> no purpose, she tried this stralagcm. When he 
<ras brought borne one night, dead drunk, as it seem)' 
he frequently u?ed to be, the ordered him (o be car- 
ried to a burial place, and there laid in a vault, as if 
he had been dead indeed. Thus she left him, and 


went away, till she thought he might be come to bim- 
aelft and grown sober again. When she returned, 
and knocked at the door of the vault, the man cried 
out, who 13 there? I am the person, says she, in a 
diBmal tone, that wails upon the dead folks, and I am 
Clime to bring you some vicluala. Ah! good waiter, 
says he, let the victuals alone, and bring me a little 
drink 1 beseech thee. The woman hearing this, fell 
a tearing her hair, and beating her breast in a woful 
manneri unhappy wretch that 1 am, says shej this was 
the only way that I could think of to reform the beast- 
ly sot; but instead of gaining my point, I am only 
convinned that this drunkenness is an incurable habit, 
which he intends to carry with him into the other 


This fablo is intended to show ub tha preialBnce of coBtom, 
and how, by ueing ourselves much la any evil practice, we miy 
lut it grow into such a habit at we may be never able to divoat 
nuiBelies of In any thing that we are sensible ma; bs piejii- 
dieial to either our health or fortunea, we should lake core not 
to let our inclinatione run up into a habit: for though the Ibrmei 
may be easily checked at our first setting out, and directed 
which way we please; yet Ihs latter, like a head-strong unruly 

hurried impetuously on, without the power of controlling it — 
As the passions of young men are warm, and their imaglaa- 
tions lively, it would be wrong la endeavour to tie tlicm up from 
tho pursuit of innocent pleasures. But those among them, that 
think at all, can never form a more useful and happj" rosoln- 

suiTer themselvB 

I drawn into a habit, of bo- 

A<?.crtain tnan having bouglii r Blackamoor, waa so 
simple as lo think, that the colour of his skin was 
only dirt and filth which he had contrtcied for want 
oi* due care, under his former masler. This fault he 
imagined might easily be removed. So he ordered 
the poor black to be put into a tub, and was at con 
aiderable charge in providing ashes, soap, and scrub* 
bing brushes, for the operation. To work they went, 
rubbing and scouring his skin all over, but to no man- 
ner of purpose: for when they had repeated their 
washings several times, and were grown quite weary, 
all they got by it was, that the wretched Blackamooi 
caught cold and died. 


Muf people attempt imgwwibilitics, lor icant of coniideTing 
[fae uture oC .hinga aright. For, aa palpable a blundft an thu 
mtn in llie fable commilled, there ure thoM who arc guilljr of 


u great miatskei; especially vihea Ihey endeavour, bj iiuitleBs 
cultiiutionB, to raise graces from llie mind or body, nf which 
neither is capable. WhEQ an; one went to meddle with art! 
ud H tieireen, lor which his geniuB was not properly adapted, 
the Greeks had a proverb lo turn it into ridieole, by flaying he 
WOB no more tit lor the buaineas, thoD an osa to play ^pon a 
harp. lu short, when people leain lo dance williaut Bliape or 
mein, to sing or play on nuiaic, without a voice or an ear, paint- 
ing or poetry nitliout a gunluii, it is attempting to wash the 
Blackamoor white. They can never attain their end, but at the 
same timo expose themaelvee lo the jocose bDoiours of those 
that behold them. laatead of a grace, they acquire a deformilj; 
as soirie boys at school, whom Uie master, by endeavouring to 
whip into a meiiiery, and bright parts, conGrnis stupid and ia- 

Tu'o .Men iravelling- upon the road, one of them 
«aw an ax lying upon the ground, where somebody 
had been hewing timber: so, talving it up, saja he, I 
have found an ax. Do nut say I, says the other, but 
we havF found: for as we are companions, we ought lo 


share it betwixt us: but the first would not consent. 
However, they had not gone far before the owner of 
ihe ax, hearing what had become of it, pursued them 
with a warrant; which when the fellow that had it, 
perceived, alas! says he, to his companion, we are 
undone. Nay, says the other, do not say we, but 7 
am undone: for as you would not let me share the 
prize, neither will I share the danger with you. 


This fable hints to us the conveniency, if not necessity of 
making of friendships firm and lasting And to this purpose, 
nothing is so requisite as a strict ob^rvance to the rules of 
honour and generosity; for the very life and soul of friendship 
subsists upon mutual benevolence, upon conferring and receiv. 
ing obligations on either hand A stingy reserved behaviour 
starves it; it ought to be open, free, and communicative; with- 
out the least tincture of suspicion or distrust For jealousy, in 
friendship, is a certain indication of a false heart; though in 
love, it may be the distinguishing mark of a true one. 

Nor is there any thing merely chimerical or romantic in this 
notion; for if we examine, we shall find, that reason will con- 
firm the truth, and experience evince the utility of it. He that 
hopes for assistance, or accommodation in any exigency or 
time of misfortune, must lay in a provision for it, by watching 
the necessities of his acquaintance, and relieving the most 
deserving of them in their straits, by a ready and willing con- 
tribution. By this means, gratitude, which is never wanting 
to an honest mind, will secure us a reasonable fund in rever- 
non: and all the fiivoars we bestow, will, like the tide of a river, 
Lu doa season flow back again upon us. 


\ certa n F sherraan hav ng la d h a nets n the 
liver and encompassed the \Iole stream from one 
side to ihe olher, took a lon^ pole, and fell a beatmg 
the water, lo make the fish strike into his nets. One 
of the neighbours, that lived thereabout, seeing him 
do so, wondered what he meant; and so going up U> 
him, Friend, saya he, what are you doing herel Do 
you think it is to be suffered, that you shall etand 
splashing and dashing the water, and make it so mud- 
dy, that it is not fit for use? Who do you think csn 
live at this rate? He was going on in a. great fury, 
when the other interrupted him, and replied: I do 
not much trouble myself how you are to live with my 
doing this; only I assure you, that 1 cannot live with' 


Thia fable is levelled at thofie, who aa the proverb xiyit, lov« 
to fish in tiouhlod watara. Tliere are some men or such cxc- 


eraUe principlas, that they do not care what mischief or what 
oonfunion they occasion in the world, provided they may but 
gratify some uttle selfish appetite. 

A thief will set a whole street on fire, to g^t an opportunity 
of robbing one house; an ill-natured person will kindle the 
flame of discord among friends and neighbours, purely to satisfy 
his uwn malicious temper. And among the great ones, there 
are those, who, to succeed in their ambitious designs, will make 
no scruple in involving their country in divisions and animoei* 
ties at home; and sometimes in war and bloodshed abroad; pro> 
vided they do but maintain themselves in power, they care not 
what havoc and desolation they bring upon the rest of man- 
kind. They see all around them confounded with faction and 
party rage, without the least remorse or compassion. The 
widow's tears, the orphan's cries, and the sighs of despair it- 
self^ cannot affect them. Like the fisherman in the fable, they 
boldly pursue the sport, and only reply, it must be so, because 
we cannot live, as we would do, without it. What brutish un- 
sociable sentiments are these, such as a mf«re state of nature 
would scarce suggest! those that have any traces jf equity in 
their breast, or any regard for the rights of mankind, should 
enter their protest against such notions as these, and oppose 
the pnidtice of them> with all their mind and strength. 

FAB. CLXX\J. Mercury and ike Carver. 

Merudrt having a mir.d to know how much iie 
was ftplcemed among men, tranaformed himself inW 
ilie shape of one of them; anci goini; into a Carver's 
shop, where little images were to be sold, he suw 
Jupiter, Juno, himself, and most of the other gods 
and goddesses. So pretending that he wanted to 
buy. Bays he to the carver, what do you ask for this? 
and pointing the finger to Jupiter. A groat says the 
other. And what for that? meaning Juno. [ must 
have something more for that, says he. Well, and 
what is the price of thisT says Mercury, nodding his 
head at himself. Why, says the man, if you are in 
earnest, and will buy the other two, I will throw you 
that into the bargain. 


Ndthing makes a man so cheap and littta in the eyes of dit- 
ueminE people, ai hii inquiring after Kis own worth, and waul- 
ing lo know what value others set upon him. He that ofUo 


bosies himself in stating the account of his own merit, will 
probably employ his thoughts upon a very barren subject; those 
who arc ftill of themselves, being generally the emptiest fel- 
lows. Some are so vain as to hunt for praise, and lay traps for 
eommendation; which when they do, it is a pity but they should 
meet with the same disappointment as Mercury in tlie Fable. 
He that behaves himself as he should do, need not fear procur- 
ing a good share of respect, or raising a fair flourishing reputa- 
tioi. These are the inseparable attendants of those that du 
weU, and in course follow the man that acquits himself hand- 
somely. But then they should never be the end or motive of 
oor porsoits. Our principal aim should be the welfare and 
happiness of our country, our friends, and ourselves; and that 
should be directed by the rules of honour and virtue. As long 
u we do this, we need npt bo concerned what the world thinks 
of OS. For a curiosity of that kind does but prevent what it 
most desires to obtain. Fame, in this respect, is like a whimsi. 
eal mistress: she flies from those that pursue her most, and 
follows such as show the least regard to her. 


PAB. CLXXVII. The Thieves and the Cock. 

Some Thieves, entering a fiouau wilh a ilesigii lo 
rob it, when they were got in, found nothing worth 
taking but a cock; so they took and carried him off- 
But aa they were about to kill him, be begged hard 
for his life, putting them in mind how useful he wa; 
to mankind, by crowing, und calling them up betimes 
to iheir work. You villain, replied they, it is for thai 
very reason we will wring your neck off; for you 
alarm and keep people waking, so that we cannot ml 
at quiet for you. 

The aame thing- which recoriimeTida un lo the e<<teem or^t' 
people, will make thoee that are bad, hare but an ill opinion ut 
tm. U is in vain for innocent men, under opprcBsion, lo com. 
plain to thoae who are the occasion of it; all thoj cm urge, will 
but make againal them, and even their very innocence, though 
cbey Rhould bsji nothing, would render 'he's sulUciently uu- 
pederf. The advice therefore, that this fable bringt al 




n, u lo inlbrm ub, thxt tliere U no trtialing, nor inj hupet of 
Hiing wsU wilh wickgd unjust men. When rice flourishes mid 
ii in power, were it poasihle for a good man to live quietly in 
tha neigiibourhood of it, and prGflerve his integrity, it might be 
•umetime* convenient for him to do so, lather llian quarrel 
wilh and provoke it against him. But it is certain that rogue? 
ue irreconcilable enemies to men of worth: if the latter would 
be teciire, they must take a method to Tree themaetvei froni 
tha power and eoniety of tha Ibrmer. 

FAB. CLXX^lIl. The Fox and the Aas. 

An Ass, liniltng a Lion's skin, ili^guise.l hini!<.-1f 
villi it, and r:9ngf;t] about the forpst, [mtting all the 
beasts that saw him into a bodily fear. After he bad 
diverted bimseir thua for some time, he met a Fox; 
and being desirous to fright him too, as well as iIk; 
rest, he leapt at him with some fierceness, and eti- 
ileavoured lo imitate the roaring of the lioti. Youi 
humble servant, says the Fox; if you had held your 
(ungue, I might have taken you for a lion as others 
didi but now you bray, i know who you are. 


I and commDn a Bubjecl, that Ihei 

my one who is ignorant ol'h, 
at a tree is by ths fruit; and, if we would be apprized of the 
nature and qualities of an; one, let him but discourBe, and he 
huuBclf will Bpeak them to ui^ better than anotber can describe 
Ihem. Wb may thereibre perceive from this fable, how proper 
it is for those to hold tlieir tongues, who would not discoTer thn 
Bballowness of their ondeistanding. 

Absbh and Owls, uniieen, Ihemaelves betray. 
When these attempt to hoot, or those to bray. Gakth. 
The deepest riiera are moat silent; the greatest noise is ever 
(□□□d where there is the least depth of water. And it is a true 
observation, that those who are weakest in anderatanding, and 
most slow of apprehunsion, are generally the strongest in opip. 
ion, and most precipitate tn uttering their crude conception;. 
When, with a secret awe, we regard the grave dresa and im- 

ced to meet in a Coffee-house, what a «peaker do we often think 
he must be, belore we hear him npeakl his air breathes the 
■eriousnBBSofa privy counsellor, and his erect aspoct the digni- 
ty of an eminent patriot; but he utters himsell^ aod nndectiiv? 
wr, he braya, and tells the wliole company what he ia. 

A Hen hndinij -oinn Strpfiit's (.■gi;- m ■> dunK lull 
Ml upon them wilh a design to hatch them. A Swal. 
low perceiving il, flew towards her, and said with 
BOme warmth and passion: are you mad, says she, to 
■it hoveringover a brood of such pernicious creatures 
u you dol Be assured, the moment you bring them 
lo light, you are the lirst they will attack, and reek 
llieir venomous spite upon. 


Tbii Table ii oaly to put lu in injacl, ones more, of what wo 
hsvij aJreBdy, mofn lh«n once, met with in the courie of tbaaa 
bble*, lliat we shinild never have my thine lo do with ill moo. 
no, not even lo do thorn kindnen. IVlen of ill principle* u-o ■ 
gsneration o( vipers, thai ought \o be cruaheil under our Teet, 
■nd datroffd (he lirat opporlunily. Every rogue ahould be 
iookod upon by honoal men aa a poiaonoua aerpent: it la not 

_ auSicient thai they 

I hart any ralue for I 


maul him, and lender him incapable of over doing miBchieT.— 
The mm who ia occnsionnlly, or bj HCcidenl, one's enemy, 
may bo mollified by lundnoss, and raclnjined by good U»«pii 
lueli a behaviour, rsaaim and morality botli Hipeot from ui, — 
But we Bbiiuld ever resolve, if not la guppresa, a1 least (o have 
no dealiiigs with tliose whose blood ia tinctured with lieredito- 
tj, habitual villainy, and t)ieirnalute leaiened with evil,loauiih 
a degree, aa to be incapable ofa reformation. 

FAC. CLXXX. The Dog invited to Supper. 

A gentleman having invited an extraordinary friend 
1o sup with him, ordered a handsome entertainment 
to be prepared. Hia dog observing this, thought wilb 
hirnaelr, that now would be a good opportunity for 
him to invite another dog, a friend of his, to partake 
of the good cheer. Accordingly he did bo; and the 
strange dog was conducted into the kitchen, where 
he saw mighty preparations going forward. Thought 
he to himself, this is rare! I shall fill my belly charm- 
ingly, by and by, with some of these dainties! I wUI 
eat enough to last me a week; oh! how nicely and de^ 


.iSOP'S FABLES. 333 

licious shall 1 feed! while be stood and thus thought 
with liimsclf, his tail wagged and his chops watered 
exceedingly; and this drew the observation of the cook 
iDwards him; who, seeing a strange cur, with his eyea 
inlenl upon the victuals, stole softly behind him, and 
taking him up by the two hind legs, threw him out of 
^e window into the street. The bard stones gave 
him a very severe reception; he was almost stunned 
with the fall; but recovering himself, he ran yelping 
ud crj'ing half the length of a street; the noise of 
which brought, several other dogs about hin 

knowing of the invitation, began 
had fared? O, says he, admirably 
belter enleiiained in my life: but. 
1 little too hard; for my part I wa 
I scarce know which way I got oi 

; 1 > 

; how he 

n troth, wc drank 
so overtaken, that 

of the liouae. 

o dEpcniling npoa a, second-hajided ji 

There ii 
nnle** we know uursf Ivea lo be well with thu principal, a 
tra allured of lii» titvour and prolcctiou, we stand upon 
but a slippery tbuDdation. They ase itntngera to tlia 
world, who arc so vain as to think they uon be well with 

tainty aa to gaining ibeir point, and may probablf ba 
IreaEed with acuta and derieiun in the end. 

Yet there are not wanting, among the Bcreral epeciea of 
tbpe, Billy people of this sort, who pride thL'tnaelvea in an 
Imaginary happineea, froin being in the |COod gracvi of a 
great man's &iend. Ala» ! the great men tliemselvex are 
bui too apt to deceive, and fxil in making good their protn- 
bet ; how then can we expect any good from IhoEe who 
do not promise and vow in their names t to plnL-e a confl- 
dence in such sparks, is, indeed, lo &lse a reliance, that 
we should be ashamed to be delected in it ; and like the 
cur in tlie fable, rather own we had bei-n well treated, 
than let the world see how Justly we bad been punished 
fcr oar ruUculou* credulity. 

i VB CLWXl Jupiter and the Herdsman. 

A Herilsma m a ng a young heifrr that belonged 
to h ■! herd, went up and down the forest to seek i( 
And haring walked a great deal of gronnd to no pur- 
pose, he fell a praying to Jupiter for relief; promising 
to sacrifice a kid to him, if he would help him to a 
discovery of the thief. After this, he went on a lit- 
tle farther, and came near a grove of oaks, where he 
found the carcase of his heifer, and a lion grumbling 
over it, and feeding upon it. This sight almost scared 
him out of hia wits; so down he fell upon his knees 
once more, and addressing himself to Jupiter: O Ju- 
piter says he, I promised thee a kid to show me tbu 
thief, but now 1 promise thee a bull, if thou wilt be 
so merciful as to deliver me out of his clutches. 
How ignoTBr.t «Dd stupid sro some people who form Iheil 
notioiu of Iho Supremo Being-, from their own ahatlow eoncep- 
tioiu: and then. Uks fiownrd childron with their nursaa, think 


it emsistent with infinite wisdom, and anexTin|r justice, to com- 
ply with all their whimsical petitions. Let men but live as 
jokly as they can, and just providence will give them what 
they ought to have. Of all the voluntary sins which men com- 
mit, scarce anj are more frequent than that of their prajrin^ 
absurdly, and miproperly, as well as unseasonably, when their 
time might have been employed much better. The many pri- 
vate collections sold up and down the nation, do not a little ooiv 
tribute to this injudicious practice; which b the more to be 
condemned, in that we have so incomparable a public Liturgy; 
one single address whereof, (except the Lord*s Prayer) may be 
pronounced to be the best that ever was compiled; and alona 
preferable to all the various manuals of occasional devotion 
which are invented by hawkers and podlars about our streets. 
It is as fi^ows: 

Almighty God, the fountain of all wisdom, who know- 
est our necessities before we ask, and our ignorance in 
asking, we beseech thee to have compassion upon our in- 
firmities : and those things which for our unworthiness, we 
dare not, and for our blindness we cannot ask, vouchsafe 
to give us, for the worthiness of thy Son Jesus Christ our 

2 £ 

FAB. CLXXXII. The Fighting Cocks. 

Two Cocks were fighting for the wjveteignty of the 
dung-hill. And one of them having got the better of 
the other, he that waa vanquished crept into a hole, 
and hid himself for some time; but the victor flew up 
to an eminent place, clapt his wings, and crowed out 
victory. An eagle, who was watching for his prey 
near the place, saw him, and making a sloop, trussed 
him in his talons, and carried him off. The cock that 
had been beaten, perceived this, soon quitted his hole, 
and shaking olf all remembrance of his late disgrace, 
gallanted the hens with all the intrepidity imaginable. 

ThiB fable shows the impropriety and ii 
oing- inlo eitremes. Much of our tiappineas a 
kcopin^ nn even balanre in our words and action 
faring Ihs scale of am reason Ui mount us too lii| 
prosperity, nor to Hnk loo low wilb the weight ol 

.£SOP*S FABLES. 337 

It ff a question, which shows the people ui the moBt con* 
leraptible light, exulting immoderately upon a fresh accession 
uf good, or being abjectly cast down at the sudden approach 
of eviL We are apt to form our notions of the man, from the 
stability of his temper in this respect; and account him a brave 
or a wise man, according to the proportion of equanimity 
which he exerts upon any change of his condition. But though 
our reputation were no ways concerned in the case, and a man 
irere not to be reckoned a coxcomb for being elated, or a cow- 
ard for being dejected with the vicissitudes of life, yet the true 
regard for our own private satisfaction should incline us to plan 
the philosopher, and learn to keep our spirits calm and even; 
because life would be a labyrintli of perplexities without it One 
sodden turn would come so thick on the back of another, that 
we ahoiild be bewildered in the quick succession of joys and 
terrors, without having so much as a quiet moment to our- 

Two Toung men went inlo a cook shop under pre- 
tence of buying meat; and while the cook's back wa» 
turned, one of tlicm snatched up a piece of beef, and 
gave it to hia companion, who presently clapt it un- 
der hia cloak. The cook turning about again, pnd 
missing his beef, began to charge them with it; upon 
which he that firat took it, awore bitterly that he bad 
none of it. He that had it, swore as heartily that he 
had taken none of his meat. Why look ye, gentle- 
men, says the cook, 1 see your equivocation; and 
tliough I cannot tell which of you has taken my meat 
I am aure, buiween you both, there is a thief, and a 
couple of riHcals. 


An honcat niaji's word iti aa good as his oath! nnd so !■ ■ 
rogim's iDo; for lie that will cheat and lie, wliy shniild he acni- 
pie to foFBweac himeelt? la the Inller more criminal than either 
ol the former Aii honest man needi no oath to oblige him; uiil 


a rogue onljr deceives yoa the more certainly by it; because 

ri think you have tied him up, and he is sure you have not. 
troth, it is not easy, with the eye of reason, to discern, that 
there is any good in swearing at all. We need not scruple to 
take an honest man*s bare asseveration; and we shall do wrong 
if we bolieve a rogue, though he swears by tlie most solemn 
oaths that can be invented. 

There are, besides, a sort of people who are rogrues, and yet 
do not know that they are such: who, when they have taken an 
oath, make a scruple of breaking it; but rack their invention to 
evade it by some equivocation or other; by which if they can 
bat satisfy their consciences, and snrve their own scheme, they 
think all is well, and never once ci nsider the black and hein- 
oos guilt which musl attend such a behaviour. They solenm- 
ly call the Supreme Being to witness; to what? to a sham, an 
evasion, a lie. Thus these unthinking prevaricating wretches, 
at the same time that they believe Siere is a God, act as if 
there were none, or, which is worse, dare affront him in the 
highest degree. They who by swearing would clear them. 
MJves of a crime, of which they are reaUy guilty, need not be 
as much pains about wording their oath; fi>r, express themselves 
how they will, they are sore to be forsworn. 


FAB. CLXXXIV. The Jackdaw aiid the Slieep. 

A Jackdaw aat chatter inir upon the back of a Sheep. 
Peace you noisy thing, says the sheep; if I were a dog, 
you durst not scrre me so. That is true enough, re- 
plies the Jackdaw, 1 know very well who I have to do 
with; I never meddle with the surly and revengeful, 
but I love to plague such poor helpless creatures as 
you are, that cannot do me any harm again. 


Many peopls in the world are of the lempor of this Jackdiw 
in the labia, who do mischiof for mischierB sake; and at the 
same lime are never so well pleased, as when thoy do it to tha 
innocent and undoaervin?. They love tliemsolves (oo welt la 
offer an injnry to one oFthair own mnlicioua principles, for ftir 
of B auitnhlfl return; but desire no betfer grounds, at any time, 
for being hurlful, than the prospeei of being so with impunity. 
How ineonjiatent are such proceedings on these with honor and 
genflEosity; how opposite to the character of a. great and good 
man! and how directly contrary lo the rules prescribed for Uk 
bchavioar of noble and hemic spirits. 


FAB. CLXXXV. The Ploughman and Fortune. 

The Ploughman, as he was ploughing the ground, 
found a treasure. Transported with joy, he immedi- 
ately began lo return thanks to the ground which had 
been so liberal and kind to him. Fortune observed 
what he did, and could not forbear discovering her 
resentment of it. She instantly appeared to him, and, 
you fool, says she, what a blockhead are you to lie 
thanking the ground thus, and take no notice of mel 
you Bo[ you! if you had lost such a treasure, instead 
of finding it, I should hare been the first you would 
have laid the blame upon. 


If oar kflkln luccced and go well, ws ought to let them hm 
Ibe credit of it. to wliom interest it ii chiefly ovine, and whom, 
npoa ar.y mitctrrlago, or ill mum^ment, we abouid ham found 
Siultwith. That just rule of equity, to do as we would be dona 
nnlo, ihould, as near as we con, Ik obsorved In every actlan of 
oat Iitfli. But Tuiity and pceTiahnesi diipiwi u* loo olUn to 


break it; rine oiakes na aticribe Ihnt to our onn good addreas 

which in owing to some aciiidcnU trio other pute us upon charg-. 
ing Fortune or Bomcbod; besides oursclveg, with that ill mc- 
C6EB, for whieh v/o may probably be indebted (o oar own Blo- 
pidity and negligence only. What litiee of honour, whst iti 
lions of dignity, what places of profit in cliurcli and state ire 
now and Ihcn poaseiscd b; dull (ueleBS wretclieel who never 
once dreamt that they were abliged to Foituue alone for theii 
happiness in obtainine Ihcin. Yet if the ease were quite other- 
wiso, if these plaecs had been filled with men of known abili- 
ties, and tliose creatures left low and undistinguisiicd as their 
own merit, it is ten to one but they would have cursed their 
ilatt, fretted in their ill luck, and aloriued at the barbarous 
lieitlnient of tlioir capricious Fo'timc- 

FAB. CLXXXVI. The Ape and her twoYoiwg Ones. 

An Ape having two young ones, waadoatingly fond 
of one, but disregarded and slighted the other. One 
day she chanced to be surprised by the huntera, asii 
had much ado lo get off. However, she did not fw- 
get her favourite young one, which she took up in 



ber arms, that it might be the more secure; the ulher, 
which she neglected, by natural instinct leapt upOB 
her back, and bo away they scampered together. — 
But It unluckily fell out, that the Dam, in her pre- 
cipitate flight, blinded with haste, dashed her favour- 
ite's head against a stone, md killed it. The hated 
one climbing close to her rough back, escaped all the 
duiger o( the pursuit. 


Th'a fable is deai^ned to eiprwie the lolly af Boma pnreata, 
'ho. by indulging und humouring their Ikvourile children, spoil 
md ruin ttiemi while [hoae, of whom Uie; have been the leant 
road have done very well. The child that knowa it can com. 
mind ita parents' alTectianB, will hardlj bo biought to knon 
hoir to obey. The fondneaa of indiscreet parents to &vourito 
children, is blind an tore itselfj they are bo far from seeing any 
blemiihes or imperlectiona in them, that tbeir very detbrmity 
ia beaaty. and all their ugly Iricks graces. Thus, without ever 
being checked and corrected for their faults, but rather applau- 
ded and caressed for them, when they come abroad upon the 
Ifaeaire of the world, what rock will they not split upon? while 
the child who is so happy as to escape these very (onder re- 
nrds, these pernicious iadolgences, is obliged to be good and 
honest in its own deftoco. The parent lools upon il with an 
eye cleat from the mists of fondness. He has no regard to its 
dislike or approbation: but lor his own credit, puis it into such 
■ waj of education as reason dJctaloB, and Ibrces it to bo as ao- 
comptished as ill capacity will admit. 


FAB. CLXXXVIII. The %( phr rd furmil M.rdiant 


A Sluplii i ill Ll kppi his ahftp near thr f,ea one 
clear suitiiners <1i>, drove them dose to the shore, 
and sat down upon a piece of a rock to enjov the coot 
breeze that came from the water The green ele- 
ment appeared calm and smooth and Thetis, with her 
train of amiling beautiful nymphs, seemed to dance 
upon the floating surface of the deep. The Shep- 
herd's heart thrilled with secret pleasure, and he be- 
gan to wish for the life af a merchant. O how happy, 
says he, should I be, to plough this liquid plain, in a 
pretty tight vessel of my ownl and to visit the remote 
parts of the world, instead of sitting idly here to look 
upon a parcel of senseless sheep, while theji are graz- 
ing! then what ample returna would 1 make in the 
way of traffic! and what a short and certain path 
would this be to riches and honour! In short this 
thought was improved into a resolution; away he 


posted with all expedition, sold his flock, and all thai 
be had; then he bought a bark, and fitted it out for a 
Toyage; he loaded it with a cargo of dates, and set 
sail for a mart that was held on the coasts of Asia, 
&ve hundred leagues off. He had not been long at 
sea, before the wind began to blow tempestuously, 
and the waves to rage and swell; the violence of the 
weather increased upon him, his ship was in danger 
of sinking, and he was obliged to lighten her, by 
throwing all bis dates overboard; after this, his vessel 
was driven upon a rock near the shore, and split to 
pieces; he himself hardly escaped with life. Poor, 
and destitute of subsistence, he applied himself to the 
man who nad bought his flock, and was admitted to 
attend it, as a hireling. He sat in the same place as 
before, and the ocean again looked calm and smooth. 
Ah! says he, deceitful, tempting element, in vain you 
try to engage me a second time; my misfortunes have 
left me tQo poor to be again deluded the same way, 
and experience has made me so wise as to resolve^ 
whatever my condition may be, never to trust thy 
faithless bosom more. 


Bought wit is best: and the more variety of disappointmenU 
we meet with, the greater will be our experience, and the bet- 
ter we shall be qualified to rub through the world. Mankind 
have a strange propensity for things that are novel and untried; 
and BO strong a bias incfines them to shilling and changing, 
that every one disrelishes his own profession, and wishes m 
*had been of some oilier employment The young academic, 
designed to be the most grave of all professions, hates to think 
of his peculiar habit, or that formal reserved deportaient by 
which he is to separate himself from what he counts the plea- 
sures of the world, and bid adieu to that irregularity which 
youth so much delights in. He longs for a commission in the 
army, that he may be fashionably licentious, and indulge him- 
self, unquestioned, in the wantoned sallies ttf a brisk youthibl 
•ppetiie. In the meantime, the old soldier, harassed out with 


laborious campaigns abroad, and vexed with the slow retarne 
of his half pay at home, repines at the happy condition of the 
ecclesiastic, fattening in ease and plenty, and sleeping unmo- 
lested in one of the upper stalls of a cathedral. With remorse, 
he calls to mmd his former perrerseness in quitting a college 
life, and defeating the purpose of his relations, who had pur* 
chased the next reversion of a fat benefice for him. He shakes 
his head and reflects, that if it had not been for his folly, iiv 
stead of aching limbs, and an empty purse, he might have en- 
joyed as much leisure and luxury, as any priest in the land. 

Thus, sometimes with, sometimes without reason, we are di» 
gusted at our station, and envy those who are embarked in 
another way; which, however it may seem to be a misfortune 
entailed upon us, yet carries this advantage with it, that, as we 
are almost sure of being disappointed by a change, we are as 
certain likewise of gainmg some experience by the bargain, 
:ind being wiser for tiie future 

jEsop'S fables. 

FAB. CLXXXVIII. The Young Man and fhe I 

TitF.RE was a certain old man, who was lord of a 
very great estate; and had one only child, a son, of 
whom he was exceeding tender and fondj he was like- 
wise one very apt to be influenced by omena, dreams 
and prognostics. The young iiian,hi9 son, was mighti- 
ly addicted to hunting, and used to be up early etery 
morning to follow the chaae. But the father happen- 
ing to dream one night, that his son was killed by a 
Lion, took it so to heart, that he would not suffer 
him lo go into the forest any more. He built a fine 
castle for his reception, in which he kept him close 
confined, lest he should step out privately a hunting, 
and Ri«et his fate. Yet, as this was purely the effect 
of his loTe and fondness for him, he studied to maka 
his confinement as agreeablS to as possible; and, 
in order to it, furnished the castle with a variety of 
Gne pictures, in which were all sorts of wild beutp, 
2 F 



■uch as the snn uaed to take delight in hunting; uiil 
among the rest the portrait of a ]ion. This the young 
man viewed one day more attentively than ordinary; 
and being vexed in hie mind at the unreasonable oon- 
fiBement which his father's drearo had occasioned, he 
broke out into a violent passion, and looking sternly 
at the lion, thou cruel savage, says he, it is to iby 
grim and terrible form that I owe my imprisonment 
if T had a sword in tny hand, t would thus run if 
throngh thy heart. Sayltig this, he struck bis fist at 
the lion's breast, and unfortunately tore his hand with 
a point of a nail which stuck in the wainscot, and wu 
hid under the CHnvaas. The wound festered, and 
turned lo a gani^ne; this threw the young man into 
a fever, and he died. So that the father's dream was 
fulfilled by the very caution that he took to prevent it. 
This fable, though it may nem to ftTMir and encourage tlie 
notion of dreame, and Buch fancied discoveries of future events, 
ia, however, intended to ridicule and explode them. What can 
be more absurd than Iha p-actics of those credulous fool», who, 
having faith enough to believB the varocily of oracles, bad the 
impudence or stupidity lo try to defeat them afturwaids; Ihia 
waa making a god with one hand, and throwing him away with 
Ifae other. First they aak the Almighty what Le intends lo dot 
when he has told them, the j believe hini and ttcmble, hut an 
resolved to disappoint him if Ihcy can; nay,they think they can, 

e they d 


D the world still, that pernicious principle, if there ba 
any such principle in reality, would be either entirely rootfd 
out, or grow ra thin, as not to hinder the increase of virtue. — 
When the Deity, which the generality of the world acknow- 
Udge, is used as if he were a Deity of irresolution, instabili^. 
mutabJIily, and passion, men of any discernment immodiatMJ 
feiwunce anch a Deity as lliat; and. Tor wan! of due coniiideia. 
tiiin, remain atheials. It being, Indeed, less absurd of the two, 
not to believe in a Supreme Being at all, than to b<:lieve h« ii 
aubject to the IVailliei ofuj wretched morula, and govenwd by 
whin I and fancy. 

A Fox hating crept into an out-bouse, looked up 
Rod down, seeking what be might derourj and at laM 
spied a Hen sitting upon the uppermost perch, m 
high, that he could by no means come at her. He 
then had recourse to his own slntlagems; (tear cousin, 
Mjs he, addressing himself to the Hen, how do you 
do? I heard that you were ill, and kept within; at 
which I was so concerned, that I could nol rest till I 
came to see you. Pray, how ia it with you nowl Let 
me feel your pulse a little; indeed you do not look 
well at all. He was running on after this impudent 
fulsome manner, when the Hen answered him from 
the roost, truly, cousiu Reynard, you arc in the right 
on it; I never was in more pain in my life: I must 
beg your pardon for being so free as lo tell you, that 
I see no company, and you must excuse me too foi 
not coming down lo you; for, lo say the truth, my 

840 ^SOP^ FABLES. 

condititm is such, that I fear 1 ehould catch my death 
if I should do it. 


There ais Eome people in tlie world, whose address and coa- 
Tcmtion DTO BO impertinenl, so shocking and diaagreeable, thai 
it ie doing penance, and suflering a liind of bodiljr pain, to bo 
in tlieir iMmpaaj. When ihese familju' fools, with tlieir ra> 
pented officiousneBS, aA. ui how wo do, no wonder if we uu 
really sickj for how can we be .well when the/ are near ml they 
either mean nothing, and are vain, silly iropertinenta, wtiom we 
abhor; or, cover some evil purpose ander a disguise of nauseous 
palpable flattery, and therefore are to be treated with re- 
serve and caution. A man who sees through flattery, is 
indeed free from the danger of it. But be ehould not be 
satisfied with that. If he is a public spirited man, he ought 
to discounteoance and expose the person that practiBed it, 
tu prevent it Ironi flutiriBbing abroad, and hurting those 
who may not be wary enough to discern, or stanch enough 
to resist its attaclcs. The men of flattery, as they are, in 
some degree or other, a common mischief, ought to be 
treated as common enemies : and as it is generally their 
design tu delude and impose upon others, if we can be be- 
forehand with, and disappoint them, we shall act, if not 
generously, yet, however, Eairly and discreetly. 

jESop's fables. 

FAB CXC TAe Man and (Ae Gnat 

As a clown sh lellow Aas a C ng upon a. bank u 
Gnat scttl d upon h s leg and atung I He clap 
h s band w th great v hemence upon he place u ih 
uitenl on to k II the Gnai b t [he 1 tic n n ble nsect 
■k pp ng 1 ghtlf between h s fingere escaped and 
erery I me he struck he gave h maelf a smart blow 
upon the leg, without being in the least able to toucli 
the Gnat. This pit>voked him very much, bo that in 
the height of his passion, he fell to invoking Hercules. 
O mighty Hercules, says he, since nothing can with- 
stand thy power, aid me, I beseech thee, against this 
pernicious Gnat, and with thy invincible strength, 
subdue him in compassion to mc, miserable creatun>, 
who am tormented with his venemous sting. 
Mftnf people, like the clown in (hs fiblo, are ipt Id invuke 
lh« Atmirhl^ upon every little trifling accident that bcralls 
them. Not in a habitual uameaning excJamition, mcb at 

children and childish fbllu use, but in b nrious duliberaU 
■nedilalion, conceired in a Si of rapture, &nd delivered from the 
olosct or Babinet, in the usual tieBHOn of dbTOtion. How many 
tbLiga arc prsjed for with niiic;h earnoMnoes, which if wB were 
lo inifuite iiiUt them, are men) raDJtim, Had atich ai vie oujhl 
to be aBhumed of having! not that the SuprenHi Being, who ja 
alUknowing, and praiont every where, can be luppowd la be 

Uknowing, and 

oorant of every little thought of our Bouls; 
ply with the siiiiplicity of our Hishesj but it 
suited nature to condescend tu our paltry selfiBh schen 

is contrary tt 

FAB. CXCl. The Deer and the Li 

A Deer hems' hant piirfucil bv iho hoiuidi found 
H cave into which he riiahed for security But he 
was no sooner got in, Ihan he saw himself in tho 
potver of a lion, who lay couched at the furthest enil 
of tho cave, and sprung upon him in an instant Be 
ing at the point of deatti, he complaineil thus un 
happy creature that I am! I entered this cave to ■»- 

cape the pursuit of men and dogs, and am fallen into 
■he jawa of the moat cruel and rapauioua of all wild 


Some are k> unlbrtunale, as lo be ever running iiilo Imubte 
tod difficulties; their iU-luck seema to ride them through u 
maita or migfbrtuneB; and in the meut time, like etumbting 
bones, the more they ire gpnrred, tha oHener they flounce along 
Id the dirt, attd the more trip* they make. Bui, ■■ much of 
thui may be attributed bi fear and hurry, which, wheneTer they 
take place, indispose snd hinder us from acquitting ourselves 
as ire should do; it is therefore highly nccesssry ^r sucb as 
wuuld be thought to behsre Ilienuelves like men, never to let 
ibar hare any ehara in their words or actions. Tttis panion 
blinda us from discerning our true interest; it no sooner ponats 
eat as evil to us, but it throws us into the utmost conliuion, in 
oiv manner and method of Syinc from it We start Irom the 
pnaeatmischief^ before we liave fetched upon a place of refuge,- 
and in the hurry, fall into a thousand wars* accidenis, which 
m have not time to observe and avoid. 

But all this is fat below the character of a great and a good 
man. He dreads nothing more thsn shimc; nor is Dshamed of 
any thing so much as fear. Not all the terrors of this, or any 
other world, can blind the eyes of his reason, oi disarm bis un- 
dcrstanding;. Honesty dictates to his conscience, and his con- 
science is the rule ofhis actions. And in tlii* happy silnation 
of his mind, though the world were to be crushed, and thunder 
IB pieces about his ears, he would be found with surprise am idil 
the ruins of it. It is peculiar to knaves or ibols to be hurried 
through a sense of their own guilt or shame; and to be always 
labouring under jealousies, doubts, distrusts and dis^ppuirtt- 

jesot»s fables. 

FAB CXCII TAe Car-lener ond ftu D.>^. 

* A Gardener s Dog fr sk ng about tlie brink of a 
well in the garden bappened lo fall into it. Tho 
Gardener very readily ran to his assistance; but as he 
waa endeavouring lo help him out, the cur bit him Ly 
the hand. The man took this ungrateful treatment 
BO unkindly, that he left him to shift for himself, with 
this expostulation; wicked wretch, quoth he, are you 
BO unreasonable as to injure the hand that cornea to 
save your life! the band of me, your master, who have 
hitherto fed and taken care of youl die as you deserve; 
for so mischievouB and ill-natured a creature ie no) 
fit to live. 


All the obligBtiong you luy upon to ungmtefut perHin, uv 

thrown Bwiiy. And Iheretbrc, they who would bo oileBmiil 

lion of their ravoura as well bb gc^neruaity in the diiposnl of 
Ihem. For (lieic are some of sucli mnlevolent tempen, tbu 



tbef ua not ciii];r improper objecU of our Euod aatnrt, u to 
IhciDwlvet, in being undeaervingi but of aucn vile diapmitioiiB, 
in respect to us, thut we cannot appriach them, though U> du 
tlwia a kindncBB, without endangering our onn safety. 

Our good nature, tlierefore, as ga«l a quality aa it is, will 
not excuse ua, ifwe Tall into the hand:4 of these hind of people; 
•omething must be imputed to our emiinesa and wont of atlcn- 
Uou; and if we ace so free as to bestow our favours without 
OoouderiDg where we place them, the discerning part (,f msn- 
kmd will rank us in the tJoss of fooU and madmen: instead of 
giving UB the ap)ilausa that is due to actions truly liberal. 

FAB. CXCin. The Cor.k and the Fox 

Tub Fox, paaaing early one aiimmers tnoniinf) 
near a farm yard, was caught in a sjiniige, which iht 
farmer had planted there for that end The Cock 
at a distance, saw what happened, and hardly yet 
daring to tnidt hitnaelf tin near bo dangerous a foe, 
approached liim cautiously, and peeped al him, noi 
without some horror and dread of mind. Reynard nu 
sooner perceived it, but he addressed hinisolf to him. 

witii dll the designing artifice imaginable. Deai 
cousin, says he, you see what an unfortunate acci< 
dent has bef&llon me here, and all upon your account. 
Fur aa I was creeping through yonder hedge, in my 
way homeward, 1 heard you crow, and was resolved 
to ask yiu how you did before I went any farther; 
btit by the way, I mel with this disaster; and there* 
foce now I must become an humble suitor to you for 
a. knife to cut this plaguy string; or, at least, that you 
would conceal my misfortune, (ill I have gnawed it 
asunder with my teeth. The Cock, seeing how the 
case stood, made no reply, but posted away as fast as 
he could, and gave the farmer an account of the whole 
matter; who taking a good weapon along with him, 
came and did the Fox's business, before he could 
have time to contrive his escape. 

Thoiiffb them is no quality of llie mind more graceful in it- 
bhU^ or Umt renders It more amiable to others, than the having 
s tendor regard to those who are in distress; yet wB maj err, 
even in Ihii point, unless we take care to let oar coriipassion 
flow out upon proper objscts only. When the innocent fail 
into mtslortuiieR, it is the put of a generous brave spirit lo con- 
tribulc to their redemption; or, if that be impotsible, to admin, 
later something tn their comtbrl and Biippott But when wick- 
ed men, who have been enFmies to their fellow lubjocls, are 
entrapped in their own pernicious sehcmes, he that labours <o 
deliver them, makes himself an BBsociate in their crimes, and 
becomes as great an enemy to the public, as those whom be 
would (icreen and protect- 
When highway-men and house-breakers are taken, and con- 
demned, and going to Batlstj' justice, at the eipense of their 
vile paltry lives; vho are they that grieve for them, and would 
be glad lo rescue tbem fVom the rope7 not honeal men, we may 
be sure. The rest of the Ihisting fraternity would porhap* 
comraiascrate liieir condition, and be ready to mutiny in tlieir 
favour; nay, the rascally solicilory who had been employed 
upon their account, would be vexed that hi* negociations had 
succeeded no better, and be afraid of losing hia reputation 
among other dslinquoDts lor the future. Bui every friend Ir 


jtutlce would have no re«Bnn lo b« dissatisfied ■( sny thing, but 
■ moumful reflection, which ha could not (brliear making. — 
Th*t wliilo these little criminals swing fcr mmo triflinf rnpine. 
othsrt, to transraodanll^ their superiorB in fraud and plundef , 
escape with a whole ekiii. 

FAB CXCIV. The TUvi-.n and thf Serpent 

A hungry Raven, flying about in quest o( his prey, 
nw a Serpent basking himself upon the side of a 
sunny bank; down he soused upon him, and aeized 
him with his horny beak, in order to dsTOitr him: but 
the Serpent, writhing lo and fro with the pain, hit 
the Haven with his aucfa a degree, 
that he could not survive it. The Raven, in the 
agonies of death, is said to have confessed (hat ttiis 
judgment happened to him justly: since he had at- 
tempted lo Bilisfy his craving appetite at the expenou 
ol uialher's welfare. 

jGBOP>S fablbs. 
the application. 

The^ who are oCa, ravenouB greedy tompor, ar.d tbr aw&Uow- 
In^ ftll that cornes into theii waj, may chance Co meet with ■ 
■tine in the end. When people are actuated by an insatiable 

J!... .1 .;.i -,,1.'. „i,i . „iJo.Tn„ - 

e, they stick al 
■indee' ' 

le dictateg of natural teason, and blind to every 
thing but his own vile selfiah views, be thiows himself after 
their ffBtting, witli a precipitate violence, and ofUn daahea him- 
aeir to pieces upon an un»un rock. 

FAB. CXCV. The Fox and the Hedge-hog. 

A Fox WHS swiniming acrosa a river; and when he 
came lo the other side, he found the bank so steejt 
nnd alijipery, (hat he could not get up it. But this 
wns, not all hia misfortune; foi while he alood m tht- 


water deliberating what to do, he waa attacked by a 
BWum of fliea, who settling upon his head and eyes, 
Btung and plagued him grievously. A Hedge-hog, 
who stood upon the shore, beheld and pitied his con- 
diljon, and withal, ofiercd to drive away the dies 
which molested and teazed liim in tliat aad maoner. 
Friend, replies the Fox, 1 thank you for your kind 
offer, but must desire you by no means to disturb 
those honest blood-suckers that are quartered upon 
me, and whose bellies, I fancy, are pretty well tilled; 
for, if they should leave me, a fresh swarm would take 
their places, and I should not have a drop of blood 
left in my body^ 

Thii Table » recorded by Aristotle; who telk ob thai Mtof 
■poke it to the Somiuu, ta an irgumDat to dissuade them from 
dBpoaing- their great minister of slate. And a shrewd and 
weighty one it is too. For a minister of state is either an hon- 
eat pcblic ipiriled man, and labours Ibr Ihe good of the oom- 
Dionwealth, or he is chiefly jtitenl bj all ways and meant, upon 
Gtling his own coflbrs, and upon a^srandzzing and etiricbing 
his rsUtions. Now whore the first happens, one need not s>) 
bow much it behoves every particular men. and all in general, 
It) wish for the continuance of fo wise and c|ix>d a patriot. Bui 
neither should Ihey part with him merely foe being one of the 
other stamp; for, however crirainai he may be, in having rob- 
bed and plundered the public, wo should consider that, like 
Qies in the fable, he is pretty near full, and if he were to be n»- 
moved, would only make way Ibr some other morp honnry, 
who would squeeu «tit of tlia poM p«aplc the renuiDdw it 
Ibair pniperty, 


jEsop^ fables. 

lAli. C'XCVI. The Master and Am Scholar. 

As a Schoolmaater was walking upon Uie liank o 
river, not far from his school, he heard a en as of 
one in dislreaa; advancing' a few paces farther, he saw 
one of his schojara in the waler, hanging by the bough 
of a willow. The boy had, it secios, been learning to 
swim with corks; and now thinking himself suflicient> 
If experienced, had thrown those implements aside, 
and ventured into the water without them; but the 
force of the stream having hurried him out of his 
depth, he had certainly been drowned, had not tUft 
branch of a willow, which grew on the bank, provi- 
dentially hung in his way. The Master took up tbu 
corks, which lay upon the ground, and throwing them 
to his Scholar, made use of this opportunity to read a 
lecture to him, upon the inconsiderate rashness of 
youth. Let this be an example to you, says he, in 
the conduct of your future life; never to throw away 
your corks, till time has given yrtu strength and ex- 
perience enough to awim without them. 



Borne people are (o vain and self-coticciled, that they will 
nm Lhemselies lalo a thousand inconreiiicDCCs, rather thto 
bs tbon^hl to want aaaititancs Id any one respect Nov there 
ttt many little helps and accomiDodalions in life, nhich they 
who launch out into the njde ocean of the world ou^ht to make 
Bse of ui aupporters to raise and buoy thetn up, Lll (hoy an 
^nm-n ■trang- id the knowledge ofnien, and aufEciently vGraed 
in btuiness, to stem the tide hy themselvea. Yet many, like 
the child in the fable, Ihraiigh an afFcctation of being (bought 
able and exporicncad, ondBrtnke aifain which are too big lor 
them, and renture out of (heir depth, before tliey find (heir 
own weaknesB and iuabitity. 

Few are above being adviscdi nor are we ever (oo old to learn 
any thing which we may be the better for. But young men, 
above all, should not dirdaiii to open their eyes to example, and 
their eara Is admonition. They should not be aeliamod to for. 
niab Iheinselveg with rulea lor their behaviour in the world. — 
Bowever mean it may seem to use such helps, yet it la reallj 
dangerous to be without theni. As a man wlio is lame with 
the gout, had better draw the observation of (he people upon 
bim, by walking with a cru(ch, llian eipcMe himself (o (heir 
ridiculji, by lumliling down in (lie dirt. ]( la a* unntitural tu 
see > young man throw himself out into conversation with lUt 
usuming air. upon a Bnl^ec( of which ha knows no[hing, as 
for a child of three months old (o be left to go witliout its lead- 
ing-itrings; they are W|U«lly shocking and painful to the spec. 
lator. IJet them have but patience till time and eiperienee 
■Irenflhen the mind of the one and the limba of the other, and 
Ibey may both make audi excuraions as may not be disagree- 
able or ofifensive to the eyes of the beholder. 

And here it may not be improper to say nmclhing by way 
uf ap[Jication to the whole. It ii not oipcetcd tlial (hty who 
in versed and hackneyed In (he path* of lile, should Iroubla 
IbemNlve* (o pursue these little loom sketches of morally 
such may do well enough without them. They are written tor 
Iba beoelil of the young, and unexperienced; if they do bat 
reliah the contents ol'tliis book, so as lo think it worth reading 
m^r two or three times, it will have idained i(s end; and should 
h meet with such a reception, the several authors originally 
concerned in these lablea, and the present compiler of the 
whole, may be allowed, not altoeelhnr lo have misapplied thclt 
time, in preparing Rich ■ colktHO ta Ihsir er"--" ' 


1 — 1 

^P^ INDEX. 1 

■ (TA« Jiguret r^er fo the page.) 1 


Brilnna jealous of elranfora, 

Advice, when to bo reject- 

126. , 1 

ed, 157. VV'bo are unlit 

Bulliea, generally conarda, 
139. Overact Ihelr part. 

to give it, 193. ConsiJer 

who giveB it before you 


tibe it 6a 


CaptioUB, not good to be so. 

oes of it, 95. It ih the 


bwe of booty. 122. Other 

Change, seldom makea things 

better, ^8. 

Arriciiltiire recommended, 


vi^ with Lord Castlebuild- 


tratuB, 2»-a9. 

Children ought to take their 

Attorney, draws the 'Squire 

Parent's aJvice. 212. 

into » mortgB^, 63. 

Church, those that frequent 

Avarice, and Ambition, fre- 

it out of vanity, their re 

UnwciHjnUhle. 154. That 

It^'ion not worth ■ straw, 


and Envy exposecl and in- 

quired into, 249. ThBlBnd 

cious, 06. 

Ambition ought to suffer. 

Coffee-house Politics, ridicii- 

louB, 261. 

of it. 351. 

Company (when bad) to be 

Authors inerit iMt by writing 

avoided, 280. It concenw 

much, but well. 137. 

us to keep good, 149. 


Complaints, better let atone, 

Beauty, that of Ihe Mind pre- 



Condition, seldom please.1 


with our own. 349. Un- 

Biter Ut. 203. 

Brave men. above beinp pro- 
voked by cowards, 46. 

73. Made worae by repin- 

ing at it, ino. 

Bribe cannot tempt an bonest 

Conlenl mske* i poor ma 


happy, lie. 

3 e 2 353 

L ,1 

dam II H a. Court Life, 61. 
Courag-e, notliing without 

Goniluct, 109. 
Court, those who frequent it, 

should not value them- 

Cowarda cannot impoee upon 
those who know them, 144. 

Craft repelled by cunning, 
allowable, 233, 305. 

Critic, envioua, 61. 

Cunning, generally silly fel- 
lows who set up for i^ 124. 

Death-bed Repentance con- 
sidered, 71. 

Death, dreaded by thone who 
pretend to wish for it, 134. 

Death and Love, uhaccounl- 
able, 241. 

Decrees of Fate not to be re- 
aiatcd, GU. 

Discarded Stntesman, discon- 
tented, 81. 

Distress, cruel lo insult peo- 
ple m it, 190. 

Diviaions among the great 
ones how encouraged, 48. 

Do as you would be done by, 

Enemies, not to be aBsisted 
or trusted, 79. 

Envy, described, iUs incon- 
veniences. 2:^. 

mended, 116. 
Example, useful for inBtTUO- 

tion, ')8. 
Experiments, have a care 

how you make them 275. 


Fashions, oddly introduced, 

F.ducBtiun, the elTects of i 


Favourite, every one not fit 
lo be BO, 2i!7. Surprising 
when honest, 66. 

Fear, the inconveniences of 
it, 320. It is unrensonable, 
7!{. Vain and insignifi- 
cant, 158. ^ 

Flattery, mischievouB, but 
hard to be avoided, 39. 

Foreigners, should not eliglil 
the country they are in, 

Fortune, often blamed wrong- 
folly, 173, Ought to have 
her due, 331. 

Forwardness should be dis- 
coUfBged, 211. 

Foul meaoB sometimes best, 

Friend, false one, a detestable 
thing, 170. Them and re- 
lations not to be depended 
on, 69. We should be nice 
in our choiceof them, 27ft 

[Friendship, necessary to our 

INDEX. 353 


well heme. 113, 286. 311. 

baffle anil defeat it. 102. 

tiuecurc t>lt tried, 101. 

Ill men not to be served, :», 


Imitation, the ruin of mBnv> 

Gaming- HuUECB, those stupid 


th«t frequeni Ihem, 141. 

Impatience, hurtful, 107. 

upon i^t. 174. 

them matched, 167. 

fieneroaity, a. handsome vir- 

Impossibilities should not be 

tue, To. 

attempted, 311. 

Glass, areasoD why we Hliould 

Incendiaries, what we should 

often consult il, 143. 

thiJikoflhem, 321. 

Glory, nothing should be un- 

Industry recommended, 221. 

dertalieu for the sakt.' of it, 

Industry, makes amends for 


want of parts, 28a 

God, served better another 

Informer, an odious charai;- 

way than by Prayer, 116. 

ler, 302. 

Good nauire, our interest to 

exercise it, ir,. 

Considered. 64. 

Inhuman to treat an old ser- 

vant ill. TO. 

UreatneBs, eipoMed to storms, 

Injuries, often hurtful to those 



who do them. 231. 

Great cry and little wool, 66. 

Injury, be that does it never 

Great men, bad neigbbours, 

forgives, 3S2. 




Injuslice, a lesson against it, 

Innocent people, per^teculed 

Habit, ilie inconvenience of 

it, aio. 

for being so. 345. 

Uasle, the more the worse 

speed. 191. 

the Jews, 127. 


Honest Man, his wonl as good 

Insults to people in diatren, 

as his oath, ^42. 

inhuman, 162. 

Honesty the best Policy, 205. 

Dangerous in bad limes. 

to be depended on. 323. 


Invention, an Art recommen- 

flumiuiity, how Tar it ought 

ded. 110. 

to go, -285. Is ■ great vir- 

Juba, his address would b« ill 

tue, IHi. 

t«ken by some, 122. 


Jud^ent, want of it mnkei 

us unhappy, 77. Cnuseof 

where. 195. Jest, how to 

iu being wrong. 304. 


356 imst. ' 

Justice, iiregular, 182. 

Men always losets by the 


Women, 52. 

King, heUiat breaks his word. 

not lo be trusted. 176, How 

a tumult, 87. 

he ought to be qualified, 

Merit arises from good sense. 

ibid. Tie thai is indolent. 


cruel to his people, 54. 

:;Uinister discarded, how he 

Kite, a king good enough, for 
Bome peopFe, 50. 

may clear himself, 127. A 

wicked one, why to be 

Knaves, once known never to 

tolerated, 349. 

Modesty and impudence, ia 


extremes, 247. 

Uw, the inconveniencea of 


Nature, the force of it, 297, 

l,.end with caution, 41. 


Liar, once detected, never to 

Offices, good to be done to 

be believed, 81. 

proper objects, 65. 

Liberties of the people not to 

be trusted without sBCuri- 




Little people suffer when 

Opinion, we must judge ac- 

great ones fall out, 4a 

cording to it, 297. 

Look befare you leap, 152. 

to be neglected, 131). 

short lived, 121. 

Outside, not lo be trusted. 


Man, a true one hard to be 


found. 307. His mind like 

Panics, created by ourselvra, 

a bow, 1S8. 


Uankiiiii, averse Ui boister- 

Parents, the folly of some. 

ous treatment, 94, Never 

U6. Our duty to them 

know when they are well, 

Brises from their goodness. 


58. They may be undnti- 

Marriage, fatal when un- 
equal, 82. When the ef- 

ful, ibid. 

Parly, no truth to be expect- 

fects of lovo only, fatal and 

ed from party hiHtorinns, 

rash, 293. Young fellows 

113. They are wicked wbu 

undone by it. ibid. 

occasion parties, 112. 

Martyrs, their blood the seed 

Partv. base to desert, hut very 

of tne church. 94. 

common, 229. 

iTOEi. sr,i 

passion, the iU effecta of il. 



Persecation, makeB people 

Revenge easy, 133. Its be- 

obstirwle, 92. 

ing so, a reason against di»- 

Physician, sliould heal him- 

ing injuries. 45. 
Rtvolutiona In government, 

self, ffr. 

Pity is but poor comfort, 301. 

seldom hurt the poor, 145, 

Not ttlwavB to be shown, 

Rich, those who become so 


unjustly, what they must 

Place, oflen the cause of in- 

do, ai. 

solence. 209. 

Riches, when an incura- 

Poverty, those that dread it. 

bnince, 251. Too often in 

part with their liberty, SO. 

ill hands, 225. 

Power, not to be Irualed, 34. 

Ridiculous, how some people 
make themselves so, 200. 

Especially unlimited, with 

no man, .W. 

Robbers of the public ought 

Prayers, the impropriety of 

to live in fear, :& 

them, 116. 

Rogues multiplied by being 

|i Praying, the manner of it 

Buccessfiil, 171. 

Rulers of a state to be kept 

ten used for trifles. 342. 

up in grandeur, 87. Not 
to be cBosen for their out- 

Preacher declainiB against 

drunbcnncas, 97. 

side, 275. 

Precaution, a oTxid thing, 179. 


Prerogative, seldom made a 

Self, every man should exert 

good use of, 79. 

himself, and not trust oth- 

it, 244 

Self-love. no ill principle, 299. 

Principles, not easily to be 

Servants neglect their mas- 

UVs affairs. 54. 

Promise nothing but what is 

Slavery, rogues and villains 

in your power, 92. 

who consent to bear it, 54 

Provfdence inscruUble. 225. 

Spectres, &c when they 

Public spirit, manv pretend 

flourish most, 158. 


Spendthrifts, repent too lale, 



Quality, who are men of 
true, m. 


Suspicion, a useful quality: 

Times deplorable, when vU 

ces of it, 253. 

luiny is protected, 240. 



Traitors hated by those that 
employ them, 271. 

Travellers given to lying, 

Trust, have a care who, 298. 

Trust, no injuries so bitter as 
from those we trust, 197. 

Turn, one good turn deserves 
another, 244. 

Very prettjr fellows, strang- 
ers to virtue and know- 
ledge, 26. 

Virtue troublesome to a 
young lady, S7. 

Visits whidh appear charit- 
able, not always so, 34. 

Vulvar, not to be followed, 


Weakness in conversation, 
what happens upon it, 96. 

Wicked men in power, easi- 
ly find pretences, 238. 
Hate those that are other- 
wise, 320. 

We should avoid them, 323. 

Wife, that loves her husband, 
what she should do, 52. 

Wit, dangerous for fools to 
attempt it, 45. Hurtful to 
him that uses it to hurt 
others, 42. 

Words, men known by them, 

Worth, a man lessens hie 
own, by inquiring after it, 



Young Lady practising at hei 
glass, 37. 

Young Men, a piece of ad- 
vice to them, 351. 


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