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[iTABiiwED ay 





TTry mythology 




n> ulkia* •> >>is TiaiH nill : 
N« wm aa iWr ^** 'kw Ul. 



^r ^.'^^J^ 

K I 



ILi.l^SI KAIlVf 




N." iif 1 "■■ ■'"y hi" ''■•'' ^'i- 




Dt raffiHun or 


AVP pati:o:(ai;b t» litekaitrb and TBt Aim. 
^)if fulttmt is Jiwribdi 



A nttkct i« to t book mhti a prologue in to a pUT — ■ 
tuual, often ajjreeAbl*. but by do mrans neceBaary precursor. 
It may iborvforc be ultorrd or omittoil at pleasure. I har* 
M timn eirrcined tbii rigbt, tind this it the tliird I luiTe 
written for tbc pmmt work. 

In tbe first, after bri«flT ilating what hiui ^lirrti otvoMnn 
to it, I gB*« the g«ni» of tbe IhMry whicli 1 aAi^rward* ik- 
Te)op«d in ibe Talee sod Popubr factions. Tlic m-couiJ 
ccatoinrd the following parvgrapb : — 

" I DsTor JM-ard of any ono who rand it tbst ku not 
pleued with it. It wna tranaUt«d inbi Gemum m txion us 
it appeand, and waa lorr favourably rcoeircd. Ooetbe 
thought well of it. Dr. Jacob Grimm— perhapa tli« finct 
aatkoiitj on thew matten id Rumpr — wrote mc a lt;ttor 
wwiwiijwilhm it, and aMming nie that even to him it otlVn-d 
BOmetlung new; and I «m one Chriatmaa mo«t agreeably 
■urpriacd by the ivooipt of a letter from Vienna, from tho 
cdebrated orientaljat, Joa Von Hammer, iafonniug me that 
it had bt*a tbe companion of a jotmry hn hod Intely made 
to hia native pronnce of Strria, and iiad alTordi'd much 
plcMure and information to himwlf and to tome ladirn nf 
U||i tank and euttnated utiiKl* in that country. The 
iaitiila at the end of tbe prelai-e, he »aid, led him to supputo 
'X waa a work of mine. So far for the Contineut. In tbi« 


M>imby, when ] mention th« name of Bobort Southey m 
that of ono who hns more than oncfl expresBctl hu decided 
ipprobatiou of this ptrfoniiaace, I nm sure I shall have 
said ijiiite enough Ui autifty iuiy one that the vork ia not 
devoid of merit." 

I could now add many names of diatinguished jwrsous 
who hnve been jileosed with this woik and its pendent, the 
Talcs iirid Popular l''ictioiiR. I Rimlt oulv mention that 
of the lute Mr. Dhuop, who, *cry shortly before hia death, 
oa the occaHioQ of the publication of tbie last work, called 
on mc to Mnuro me that " it was many, many years indeed, 
HiHcti he hod rend n book which had yielded bim so much 

The contentH of the work which gave aucb pleaaure to 
this learned untiijuary are aa followe: — 

I. lutrodiiclioii— Siiriilnritj of Art« an'l CustOnU'-Biinilnritj of 
NioicB — Ori^ of tlio Work — Imitaticm— Cobuo) Coinridencc — 
Millon — Diuilt!, IL Tlic Tlioiisiuid niid Oiiu KigliU— Bedoween 
AutlioQDD Dround u Story-teller— Clcomulcs and Clmn^niotid — - 
BncluUiUil Honaro— Puller nf ProvuMcu uid the Txir Hngiiclone. 
IIL The Plnumt Nigtila— ThoDnnirin^Wnlcr, tho Singing Apple, 
■nd thoBoauUrul Orcon Bird— Tlid'lirua Litlla BiiOa— LncLuitaiu 
— U1jM« and Sindtwd. IV. Tiic SliMi-MLmcb— Itooetom and 
Soi^Mlb—Contouli ■■:<•) Cutliullin— Hncphtnon* Otuon— IrUh 
Antiquitim. V. Tlie Pontomoron* — TdeoftliaSerpoiit— Hindoo 
LcgcQil VI. Jiicktha<31iuit-kiUer~Tli»Bi«ni1Uloriae— Thor** 
JoiiniAj lu Ulganl— AmeoD uf Ufahtn and Uie Ohool — The Uon 
BDd thoGoat^Tho Lkm and tlia Au. VII Whittiogton uul liiii 
Cat — l)iuii»h Li<gcuil» — Ilnliiui 8liirio»— P«niiaji Legem). VIII. 
Tho Edda— Sigupd and Brjnbildn— V6lund— Holpi— Holger 
Duuko— Ogiar lo D»uou— Toko— William Toll. IK. Fcnionlo — 
Potir the Fool — Emeljran ths Fool— Comilusion. Appendix. 

Never. I am eoncinced. did any one enter on a literary 
career with more reluctance than I did when 1 found it to 
he my only rasource — ^fortune being gone, U) health and 
ddicacy of constitution oicIuiUng me from tho learned pnn 


waixt of interest Innu trtaj tfaing cUe. An 1 
journeyed to the metr.>poli8, 1 itiigbt hare Bung with tho 
[M^ whom Don Qiiisot« met going a-eoldioriiig : 

A U giu-mi saa llera — ml UMC^^id. 
8i turient dincriM — no (tun «a Tcnbtl * 

for of nil arts uul profcnions in this coontry, that of literature 
ia the IcmA reopcetud and tho wontt rnnancr8t«<d. Thcrv ia 
aomtthing actualijr degmdtng in tho eiprciudon " aii author 
by trade," vhich I harie aeen used even of Southey, and that 
by one who did not mean to disparage him in tho slightcat 
d^rcc. Hy adtico to thoao who may rrad these pngn ia to 
ahuD literature, if not alnwly blmt with comprt^incc. 

One of my earlieat Ut«rary friimd* iu Londuu waa T. 
Croftan Croker, who vm then engaged in coUectiug mate- 
liab for the Fairy Li-^-iid« of the South of Irelaud. He 
of MUiae applied to hU friends for aid and iufomiatiou ; and 
1, hanng moat leisure, and, I may add, iiio«t kiiowlodgo, waa 
able to gire him the greatest amount of tutsiittancc. My 
■n(]uirin on the subject led to the writing of the pn.'Mtnt 
wotk, which waa succeeded by the Mythologj- of Ancient 
Sreectf and Italy, and tlie Tulea tind Popular Fiutious ; eo 
that, iu eflect, if 'Mr. Croher had not plumed the Fairy 
Xjegenda, thette wor%a, be their value nhat it may, would 
in oil probability uex<-r bare been written. 

Writing and rending about I'airica some may deom to b© 
tho mark of a trifling turn of mind. On thin nubject 1 
have given my ideaa iu the Conclunion ; here 1 will only 
RBund sueh i-ritim. that na soon an thia work waa com- 
pleted, I commenced, and wrote in tbo epnco of a few wcM.-ks, 
mj OutJince of HiMtory; and wliatevcr the laults of that 
work may be, no oik bun ever reckoned among tbcm want 
of vigour in either thought or oxprcseion. It waa alao 
Dcoeaaary, in order to writo thin work and its pendent, to 
ible to read, perhaps, as many aa eigbt«eD ui tv><:nVl 

difforontlnn^ngeti. diftlocts.aail modcsof ciAognpliy, and to 
«iDploj (iilTorent stylus both in proee Bad totm. At all oTOnts, 
even if it were trifliug, duUe e»t desipere I'tt loeo; dud I ahmll 
never forget tlie laappy hours it caused me, cepceinlly those 
Bpeiit oTor tLe btuck-lotter pages of tho French rcmiuucee of 
obiv&lry, in tho old nadiog-room «f the British Uuseum. 

Many years Imve elapsed since this work woa first pub- 
liahed. Iii that [wriod much new matter haa appeared i& 
Torious works, especially in the valuable Oi>utsche Mytho* 
logic of Dr. Grimm. Hence it will be found to be greatly 
enlarged, particularly in the twdions of England and France. 
I havL- oUo iuserled much which want of itpace obliged me 
to omit in the former cilitioo. In its present fonn, 1 aiD 
presiUDptuous enough Ui expect that it may live for many 
years, and be on authority on the subject <if popular lore. • 
The active induntty of the Griwma, of Thiele, and othera,! 
had collected the popular tmditioiis of various couiitiieB. 
I cnme then and gathered in the harvest, lonving little, I 
apprehend, but gleanings for future writers on this auhjeot. 
The legends will probably fade Cwt away from the popular 
memory; it is not likely any one will relate those which 
I have given over ngotn ; luid it therefore seeuis more pn^- J 
bable that tliia volume may in future be reprinted, with Dotea I 
and additions. For human nature will over remain nnJ 
changed ; the love of gain and of miiterial enjoymentn, omni- 
potent as it appears to be at present, wilt never totally ex> 
tingiiisb the higher and purer aspirattons of mind ; and then 
will always bo those, however limited ia nmnber, who will 
desire to know how the former dwellers of earth thoagbl,, 
f«lt, and acted. For these mythology, as oonnectcd wif 
religion and history, wilt always have attroctioiut. 
Orlbbtr. 1 810, 

Whatever erron have been ditooveivd on oorrected tfl 
iJiis imprcission. 

Jmaaarf, 1«70L 

T. K. 



Origia at th« Bdief io lUtim ...... I 

OriKiD ol tl>a Wonl Fairy ... .... 4 

iikiehtai. komanck. 

FnnuK Homnol It 

■Rif I'.-ri-Wi(i» .... .... SO 

ARjUIUX KoH*I<9 . . . . , t . , . tt 

Utt*t*LK-Xur. KOUAHCE. 

rAnv-LAMD 4* 



ThiAlfak , . 04 

Turn DoDMAB .... 66 

Luki ami Oio Dwvf 68 

Thontoo ud Ui« Saw TO 

Tfaa Ihrarf-Sword "nifii^ 7S 


Blto 16 

am Olof in Ou EItc-Dmm Bt 

7ha EirWosoM wtd Sir Ohf M 

Tba Younc Sksui aid til* KItm M 

•fWulnuJEiwaniltlwEile-lbld U 

ItM Bll»lbid« «» 

lUdV* SS 

|niO EUft-Kkid DMT Ebcltud 90 

Huu PuuiImUt UI 


8irThTiiD4 97 

{Va>adH«RMM 103 

TlwTroUWifii 108 

no AllarCup in Aiig«rup . . .109 

Origin of TiiB Lolu Ill 

A Annor Ifirb • TT«II IIS 

akotM ia the Ftro IIS 

n« Unnd of Badadn US 

bUndhjcx Cbnivh 110 

Til* Hill-HaB mTita) to Ilia Clirietming . . . .116 

Th* Troll iiinMd Cai HO 

tXint-uiVHUl 1!1 

F Tha Trail UbouT 133 

iHiU«Wth 123 

t Oiri at tha Troil-Duica 136 

^n«Chii«>Ung lU 

vlU COHTBSta. 

■ Th« Tll»S(ei« jtu^ing OT«r the Brook . . . 1ST 
P DepartiiMortlwTivllifromVaiKlBfHd , . , .137 

svHiid I'ViiioB iia 

Tliu Dwurfs' &nqii«t 190 

Vwu 19» 

Tha Hia ninovfag HO 

Tbo PUnlteiit NU 1(1 

L The Nib ami thn Bo; Ut 

ft The Nis eifoling Cam 14S 

I Th« Nis uid tho MnnD It* 

■ The Nib riding US 

' Th* Nimn in Vmbiirs i** 


Th» PowiT of Uie Hmt 100 

Duke Mngiiiu mill thH Murniniil ■■,... 1G< 

•lOtTlir.ltK tnt-AMM. 

Ic.iii.tMi 157 

I'iRilU 141 

SarruiiD I(t4 

Oioen'iSon Id7 

Tbe Moniwld Wife lt)> 

Ossxtn 171 

but or ItnaiK 174 

I A(lv<uilui>ca or Jaha Di«truli 178 

I The l.inU' li]jib Shoe IM 

I Tho VVoTi,!ertul I'longh 1S7 

I The I.OMt Ufill 200 

f The B\m\l Dwnrfe ol OrnlliK 201 


Uw4kn S14 

I Tii» Hm-Miui «t Iho Daiio* 317 

I Thi- Dwarf I Feant SIS 

I Tliu Kn.'iiaij D«:u'rK '220 

I Wwd.luiit'KV-KtortlieLittlii Pootiln XiO 

I Sttiitli Kiwltcit 221 

I DwRri* Hlcnliiig Cnrn 22S 

I Jounif't of Dniirfe over tliD MounUio S28 

■ Tha Duurfi boi'i'owing Brmd ...... 22S 

I Tho Choiigeloi^- 227 

r Th« Dwarf llaabimd SS2 

Idko of lUiatum ......... 8S3 

TuE WiLK'Wouia S3I 

The Oldonbuig Horn S3? 


, HinzelmaDn ..••.•••.. 340 

h Kbi-!kBU S£6 

P KinK (luldoDiw SGS 

Tlia UuiuMlinXnvlicn £57 

Nnn 2« 

■ Hi* PWwuit will Uia WuMtnui .... SSi 
I S%» WaMrSniith .200 



uiig; WaloniMB ... . . SSI 

tUlMur . . ... , . Ml 

DWkRni ........... SM 

U«nnul« *Bd Rm7 M« 

n« ChBBiabHtaiUr .271 

j n* Dwvb on Uw Tra* , . ... 273 

I Oariodtr puniihol 3T3 

I Tha R<^«ctcd Gift .... . . . . 3TS 

TbB WoDdBTftd Uttit Pou«b . . ... ITS 

Aid uul Paniihrnoiit . . , , 3TT 

The J>virf ia nareh of Lodging . . . . tT8 

a^£AT BBtTAlH. 

nm Gnxu Cliildnni ..,.,>.. M 

The FtUTj'Buquet ........ Stt 

The FurfHorn SM 

The PottoDM . . . ' S8S 

The Onnt US 

Th« Luck of lUcu EUU S»S 

Tti« Fkiry-Fu- IM 

Tho Furim' Caldton S*6 

Tb« C^ld I^t of Hilton US 

Dm l\(7>UI>eur Ml 

Pbgr-V««>Bc* . MS 

Ri7-Qniltuda 9M 

Til* FUt7'Thl«TM MS 

nio BoggnK 107 

Addlcn u>d HanUn 308 

The FarjKaakaot .110 

The Fuj-Labour 911 

AbusI 113 

Pnii Sit 

Th* PUriMT Kuna 9S3 

na ribr-Rad* 8M 

I TbaChuigalbg 885 

DifwtuMoflhertiriea SM 

1^ DrownJia 8ST 

CBLTs ARK cmr. 

ClevM Tom sod tha L«ipi«ch<aa . ■ . • . S78 

TW Lc>|>rBchaun in tha Onrden 878 

I The ThrM Laimcfewio* 379 

{ ThaLittUSh«« MS 

Soomm HiotiLunw. 

TIm PUtya laqutiy S8« 

th* Yoonf Man In tha SUb 3StI 

Tb« t«o HdJUts SftT 

T^ rUr; L^NHir U% 



Tbv> fairy bor»wing Ontraetl 8W 

Tlic F^in-Gift »» 

The StolflD Oi IM 

The Sl^imi L»ilj »I 

Tl^e Cliiuiin<1uiE S9S 

T)iD Wliiiii.1<«1 KmI SM 

Tlte Brawiiiaa 3M 

Tlio UrtiilE . . . . SM 

bLR or Man. 

Tba FticT-Chipmui ........ 3W 

The PuiV-BtoquDt SM 

Tho Poinoa' Chriitflning 400 

Th* Fkii;- Whipping 400 

Tha FUiT-Hunt 401 

ThaPIdillaruid tbrF*ir7 .403 

TIlO PfaTUMKltlBrM . 103 


Tola or ^Iduni . . . VH 

Tho Tylwyth Tig 406 

Tho Spirit of the V*r 409 

Rhym d,t the Fury Duicc 41S 

OiUoBocb 410 

Tbo Fkirl« boniihed 417 


LuDTwcQM 432 

Lord Kimd uid (iie Korrigui 4SS 

The Thuim uid Song of the Karrad *lftj 

Qaxsnr .448 

ItALT 441 

StaW 456 

Tho Daa|,'hUr of Petvr <ic Cabinuo 4M 

Ongin of tlto Uuuse of Bum ...... 418 

La Infiulina 48S 

Pcpilo cl Corcorailo 481 


Legend of Ueliuiui 
FlKNB . , . 

Vilu . 

Door Bcd Vil» 





Aritli-.ANR, .lEWS. 

AnucAim •....*,. 

Jlml - . ........ 

The Brrilon Oitha 

Tho Uuohal 

T1><1 Uflzik Aw . . . s: 

An>K!>pix . . 






In iMl rtm^M si tbt Klo« ArtDOr, 
or Hliieh On) BntDmi ipAn f nl hmiitr, 
AU •>■ ltd* kad Malted tJ IMrl* ; 
Tba «4^nH vttb blr Joll* onnpuila 
lltamJ (tail uft kD Bintj * rrani loH*. 


AccoBDise to « veil-knonn law of our ti»tijr«, effeeta 
niggcct Cftuiwii i nnd iitiothi-r law, perhiipn equally gcnpral, 
imppU ua to tksi-riU.- lu llie ocliml auil i-fEcient ckuhc the 
stlribule of lotC'lligE'Dco. Tiio mind of the d«c-pe«t pliiloAo- 
plwr i« lb«8 Bct«d upon oqiinU}' with that of thi- ppniuint or 
tfae HT«g« ; tbo ouly diflerencp Hm in tliu nature of tha 
intcQligent cause nt which ihcj rpsp^ctiToly stop. The oiia 
punuMn thn chnin uf cauao tuid cItVct, snd trace* nut it« 
iiirioui lUiks till be arrircs At ihe great intelligent cause uf 
•n. howover he tnav drvignnti^ him ; the other, when unuaual 
pbanomeDB exdto niH atu-nlicm, nneribi's tht^ir pruiliiL'tiun to 
tim imnwdiate agency of some of the inferior twijijia r«oj|[- 
ui»ed bf his legcndarv ctswl. 

'Vho M^OD of thin httvT girincipk' must furdblv nlriki! tho 
mindi) of ihate wbo dindain not to bcHtow n portion of tlicic 
•ttcatiou OD the popular legend* lutd tiiKUtiuaB ot iiGctctvV 


coontriea. Bveiy extraordlDtuy appeorfince is found to harM 
itn ettrjwrdinnry muse nwigncd ; n enuse aiwnyn connocted 
with ti>e hiat*»ry or n-liaion, aiii^irnt or miniurn, »)f thn 
cuiinlry, aud DOl uufrequeDtl; varying with a change of 

The noiai»9 niii! tiniptionN of £ttin and Stromboli wire, in 
audeiit tiints, aacribud toTyjiliuii or Vulcan, aud al lluBduy 
tho popular belief connects them with the iiiforDal regions. 
The Biiuiids reupmhliiig the blanking of chnins, haninipring of 
iron, and blowiuK "f bL'lluws, ont-e to be beard iji the inhind 
of Bnrrie. were made by the Sends whom Merlin had set to 
work to frame thn wnll of brass to Biirmund Cn^rmnrthcD-t 
Thi- murk* wliitih natural cauMiB huvi> iuipreHsud <in the luilid 
ai>d unrieltlin;; ^lunite rock were produced, according to the 
popular creed, by the contact of tlic hero, tho mint, or the 
god: mmmcs of »Uinr, rpjiiurihling donii'Ntii? iuipU-incnts in 
furm, wen' the tojB, or the i'itrre»|MiudiiiK ijn[)lenK'Htit of the 
heroeii and giaiilH of old. Grecian imagination ascribed to 
the galaxy or milky way an origin in the teeming breast of 
tho quoen of heaven: inarkB apprnrcd in tht- petals of 
llownn on the ociuwion of a yoiitli'* or ii hero's untimely 
death; the rcise derived it^ present hue from the blood of 
Voniis. as siie hurried barefoot through the woods and lawns; 
while the profrsnom of iHhlni. U-as fauevfullv, refer the origin 
of tbin Auwer to the mointure that oiudoa from tho aacred 
person of their prophet, Under a purer form of religion, 
the cruciform Btripeji which mark the back and «houlden> of 

• TKf moV on Aijkni't Pcnk id Crjlnn K V >h' Builrfliiili, Mcrilml ts . 

Buddlii ; by \hr MnhtiuineiiUn*, Id A<l*in. It irmlndt auc if ilie itorj sT ' 
ihr }tJy M><l ilic vi«r,vtn'tnf iliq moon iliroiigh k Trlcwopf l ih«y t&w in ii, 
u ihrjr Ihniifflit, t«o {l|f«ir<4 kndlinti) (vwinl «(h oL^er : " Mtlhlnki,*' Hfi 
iho Jftdy," ilif-y «T Iwn fon*! lorrf*, iut«ilr»ff in pnnr forih ihplrTowi tj' pkrih- 
Ijfht," ^' Hal al Jilt," viy% Ihf rirar, Tiikiiif hia liirn aL the eIih ; *■ Uity u« 
Itiff Jilrriildk nf iwa npiEHhotmnjj i hiirrln-v" 

+ Kwrip Q.irrnn, 111. e. iii. .1. B, !), !0, !1. Dntlon, Pnlj-OIhian, Snn| 
VL \\\t fear, lumover, thnl tbr« » only pncCir *«thorit)' for lhi» btlivC 
Mf- TodJ fticfrl^ i|aoici Wfcrltfii, vrhu amyt IhtX 8|vn»tr b«irTflwnl il fivn 
fiirililut CdTtiUrrnilt, whu fiLi'ltfJ ,r up hiidiid lUc rumuiiic trvdjitona prop*- 
■tied hy (he Wrlih lunla. The reader will he. p«rh«p«k tufjiEiard la hr« 
(hat UrriJJitt thjt rn[i»incnf thrHemiiiiL Hr nTf-niioni Uie«iMid*.aiid rnde^ 
nun lo Mplaiii vhrm h; naiiiral niinri, llolhni^lied Meed (I. I. g. 74.) 
■qt, " whonoT lb« tDpcfuiliaiit ion dn gaihrr masj to^'t." 


the pntient am tint appi-»n'il, aceordiuf; to tbe populnr 
tntdition, nWn th« Son of (Jod condc»rrnded to eiittT t)ii! 
Holy fity, mmtntod on tlint aiiininl ; and » Iwh only to be 
found in -he w« • utill* biwrn I he imprMs of tbo lingi-r anj 
t^iumb of the apoKllt', who drew him out of tlit? natcir* 
of Lftko Tiheriiw to tako the tribute-money that lay in bis 
mouth. The repetition of the voice nmong tho hill* ii>, in 
Norway and Sweden, ucribi-d to the Bwarta muckiti^ the 
humnn *pcftk«r, vliile the nioro i-I^jtwit fani.-y of Greece |pn i- 
birth to Euho, n nytnph who pined for love, nnd who rtill 
fondly repmtd the Mrm'titi tliat «ho henn. The maeio 
•emery occasionally pre^euted on the nuten of the Stntit* 
of M<<H»iiui in produced by the power of the Knta Morgnua ; 
the fto»aiuaen that llnnt thmu^li the hnr^ of Bn autnmniit 
mornini;, are woven by the in;,'i-nious dwHrfs: the venlant 
cirdcta in the mead are traced beneath the Iif>ht 8t«ps of the 
dan<.'inf[ elrca ; luid Ht. Cuthbert fiirgca und fnohumN tlii- 
benda tbut bear biK nime, and lie Ncntteried along thu >har<; 
of Lindiafarne.t 

la accordance with these laws, we find in most countries 
n po|iular belief in dilierent vin**™ of beings di»tiiicl from 
men, and frutn tin- higlitr ordi-ni uf di* iiiitie*. These beinKs 
are usually believed to inhabit, in the caverns of eaiih, or 
thr dc^pthii of tlie waters, n nrgion of thHr own. Thry eem-- 
t^ly eicvl inankinil in powcT and in knowlo^, and like 
titeni are subjoi-t to the incTitable lavra of d^tli, though 
afti-r a more prolonged period of existence. 

How thnw oUnm were IJnt called into i-tittenoe it \» liOi 
easy to say ; but if. ea aome iibmtI, uU tin- ancient syatenia 
of nenthcn n^ligion were devised by philosophers for tho 
inatnii'tion of nidc tribe* by app<'iu« to their scnco, «-* 
mixbt suppose (hat tlie niinda which peopled tin.- skitB nilii 
their thousands and tens of thousands of liiviuitics gnto 
birth qImi to the inhnhitiints of tb<^ field and flood, and llint 
Ibe nunieru.)K t«l«> of ihi-ir exploits and adventurea are t)i<? 
production of poetic fiction or rude invention. It mav 

■ TI<K llnd.Wk. 
^ Fnfa wU-dioan rollpcldttn of riuitjilcm, uc Lhc nvj Itmtnad ond pMlo- 
Bpliical |>n-t*ff of Ifko Uld Mr. Trie* ta bit cilitioD of Wulon't HiitMT*4 
Bogliih FveUj, p. 2« K Kf . 

4 OTBOsrcriox. 

filrtliCT b« obnrrvi.'d, thnt not iinfrc(]iifintly ft cliangi! of 
siouH faith has inri-aUnl with <lark unil muli^niuit ultnbultia 
beiii^ oiicc tho obiii-14 of love, confldeuco. aad Toncration.* 

It is not our iniviivini) in ttio tullowJiic pagea to trml of ■ 
thu ii«-ful or lovoly ileiticM of OlvmpuH, Valhalln, or Merfl. I 
Our ftubject is leas aspiring ; aud we eonfino ouraelves to 
thoso bpulg» who nrc our li'llow-inhiibitnnta of parth, whoiift 
nuunicn w aim to di-scnbe, and whose ilccdi vie primant to 
record. We writfl of Fairies, F*T8, Kltes, out alu> ifuo 
Momi'ne gaiui^iU. 


Lilce every other word iii Bit«iaire use, wlioae drri 
is not historicnlly cortnin, the word Fairj haa obtained 
varioiiR luid <>pr>oiiit<! I'trnioiia. &levrtc CiiNiiibon, and 
thcwe wlio like liiiu deduct) evBrvthius "■om a ohuwio Mource^ 
liowever uidikely, derive Fairy tmm ♦ip, a Homeric niune ol 
the Cciitnur»;t or think iiiMft'e, wheni-o Fairy, is the last 
ayllnhlo of m/mpka. Sir W. Ounclcy drrin'ti it from th« 
Ht'brcw ■1W0 (peer), to aJarn ; Skinner, from the Aiifcto 
Saion rn|>&u. to fare, l9 go; othei-» from Feree. oompanioiu, 
or think thnt Fjiiry-foUt i» qvari Fair-folk. Finally, it luu 
been qumed if it 1m not CeUic.I 

Uut no tlii^ory is so plau»ibl(>. or is supported by such 
named, tu that whioh di^iliiei;ii thi^ I-'ngltHh Fair}' fii>in ths 
Persian Peri. It in said tliiit the I'avniin for, whom tlia 
warriom «1" tho Cross (rDroUDt<>red in Pideal.ino, *|joke only 
Arabie ; the alphabet i>f which Innij^iagc, it in well known, po»^ 
•esses no p. and therefore orKuriienliv aubatitutea nn/ in sueh 
foreign words as contnin tlie fornior letter ; conse(|uently l\n 
betuinie, in thu mouth of un .\Tiib, I''i>ri, whcnoo tho eniHadcTVi 
and pilgrimx, who curried back to Europe tlie munelluui 

* In ih* >ll'<i1le Agtt iht (Dili v< ilie bpubeu nrre nil lirU in !« dotili 
1* ^}[p \t the lontc Torui of M|p, uid It D«rl> rtlaied to lUv GcmiHti 'Aicr. 
bnal, antniBl. Th« Hnnilimvlan dj/r, init ihrr Ai>irto-Suan ticbn. Iibie iha 
Mine ■Ifnil'Kiliciii ; ind >I ii nmniii la abHm ihf rctUKWd wdh iMt 
1m1 ^4* |-E]|(ri) in thfl KiiglUh lifer, 

t Prcfvp tn Wurtdii, ]i. 4i ; .uij Bn^Enn ]i)iiln!n|^»H fumiib ni Truh la 
■lymon; uul, M««f, uf I'liity. 1ml of K»il». -ViAi, f«i», ^ir-." •«■• M. d* 
Oioibi; (Mitijumr'ni C't1l>i)u»), *' khiie Tiuui Ibc lltrlao nol w niai^ IB 
Wtuellcp /of, good; ahcatc Uio Eniltib, mauJ." 


oatoix or thi word faisT. 6 

IbIm nf ^iiia, introduced into the West tlie A mbo-PcTBiau 
aroril J'it'ry. It it furthi-r niliJcd, tKot thr l^lnrcnm ur Mor^ 
(pina, HO celebrated in old roinauce, in Srcrjaii Peri, equally 
jel«brat«d >U oT^r the Bast. 

All thitt IN wantiRg to tlii* ro rvry plnuoiblc thiMurr ia 
Boniethia;; like proof, aiiil Bomi> sliplit ii(frfeint-iit with tbe 
onliiinry nilcB of ptj-moloRT- Had Feerie, or K.iirv, origi- 
Dnllj ligniSoil the inditidii.'U in the l<'rcncli and l-^ngliuli, tTio 
oaly liU)f!aaK^ ill wliicb Ih^ won! oeeun, we mig^t feel dia- 

SoHi'd t« icquipRce id it. But tliej do Dot: and ovnn if tlwr 
id, btnr ahould iv<> dr-diii-r from them the Italinii Fnta, utd 
th« Spanish Fadu or HaiU, (words irbicb unuueittiouably 
etimd for the fame ima^aary beiiii>.) uidesa on tne principle 
bv vrhioh Mningo must ba»o dedticed Lotin from Lrmur — 
Me firat lettiT b^iiig the «nnic in bntli? An to tli« Eur 
Heijan Pen(D*Uorbelatcallii lierMerjau Baiiou*),we£iuicy 
a lituo too much importjuico has boon sttnched to hitr. Her 
name, u &r an «« oan li-iun, only oct-itni in the CabermAn 
N&meli, a Tufkisb romance, though perbnpa trawlated from 
the Persian. 

The ton-Koino; ctvTnoloeieJi, it i» tti be olisi-rvcd, ana all the 
conj(H.-turi.-B of Kti);liiih Hrhulars : for tiw Eu^liah la the oqIv 
liui^iiii|>c in whidi the name of the iiidiTidiial. Fairy, hm the 
cniiini' Ictt'er ti] nfl'ord any foiiiidntion for them. 

Leaving, then, Lhtwe "pcirtH of fancy, we wiU diHCUsa the 
true origin of the nordii UM<d in the Uomanic languaeos to 
eipmH thn beinc whiirh we name Fairy of Unmnnri;. I'hcHe 
are -Hr*«, fc*, I'Vnch ; F^ida, Pro»«n(al (whence Jfail^l, 
Spanish) ; and Fata. Italian, 

The ront is trridently, we think, the J^atin fa/uni. In the 
fourth century of our Kn vic fmd thin HorU miide plural, 
and even feminine, and used aa the equivaloat of t'arcw. 
On the reveno of a gold medal of the Kmiieror Diocletian 
trv time female Bkuh'*, with thi- Icftuud 1-alU viclrieihu* ; 
k e^mt, found at Valencia in Spain, ha» on one of il« xiiln 

• lyKfrbiloi Ikrt Herfba a*^ " C'ni An noia ie .-<(» Vir ^ug hh 
Mrirm ruBaii* onl tami nlul dc Mviyanii ta JJle/nmut.'' He Ihiis cuii> 
(tnndi Mwiaaa vilti Uiyuiili, ■ml he Su bctn !vlluii«l in lut mlilukt. 
lyUtibttot i]»o ihlnkt It iKt4Jbir vhal frtrit luiv t^riike frvm Ptn ; but h* 
■CfU^di lh« ■Hnnann drriimtiog tntfii P»ia*\i iitorh inort pivtiabtr. i*«atbFlfea 
•IfMtlDflM^ tV VM ni ••• Ihai Itluignlu » Hor (iK)un, ihs H'AtU Afaid, 




fi'tit Q. Fahiu* fx wlo, and on tho otiior, tliroe femals 
HijiirMi, witb tlw! attributra of tlwi Mnric or ['nrtw.' In 
Ihia Irtat plncv thi; Kt-udrr ia uavertaiii, but tbt' fit^urva 
would Wd LU to ftiippoee it femiiuDe. Un tho olher haiut, 
AtuoHJii^t ha* (rff* Charilft, tria Fata; luid I'TocopiusJ 
iLiniiii u building at tbt? ]{i)tii&u F»ruiii rd rpia pAra, adding 
eurtri yAp'Vufiaioi rat /loipuc rtiu/JiVnai rnAtif, TItti F&tB 
or Fata, tlwn, bdng jktsoiin, and their nninc cninciding so 
tinctlv with tho raod(M-:i tenii>«, «nd il bfinK i}bsorr<Ml thftt 
Ibe ifteras were, at ibe birtb of Mcleatcer, jnot hb tbe F<^ 
«pre at that of 0;^cr lo Panois, nod other beroea of 
mmnncn and talc, Ihi-ir idMility luis been at onou aesertod, 
and llua ia iiuit, we bt'liuve, the moat prL-viileiil tlicoir. To 
this it mnr be added, tlint in Ucrvnse of Tilburv, and other 
«Tit«r» of th» thirtix'ntb wiitury. llio Kada or \'ixi seems to 
W repvnh^d oh a beiii^ ditTereut from human kiiid.S 

On llie othiT baud, ia a p]iB?a):;e pn-SL-utlv to l>e quoted 
fi-i>iii A celebrated old roitimiee, vre shall meet a definition of 
tho word ^V>, which cipresslv asserts tbot such a beins wa« 
nothing vxan: tbaii n wimiuu dkillL-d in mngii; ; and ■ud^ OQ 
examiiinliuii, wl' sliall fuid to hare been all tba Ffe* of tiie 
romajices of cbiraliy and of the populiu- tales : in effect, that 
\,/t' >* *^ partieipk, and the word» i{«me or fimme in to be 

In tbe middle a^s there was in uae a Latin wrh, fatar«,\\ 
drrirod (rom^/aCiiut ciT/ata, and sigiiilyiug to enchant. Tbi« 

* TtiHt two jndanDH in> tiirn Iit HiIIIp. An^lr Boaqiirl <Ia Nonaknilig 
Rrnnaciri^ur, tv. p. <i] ) from Il.iin Mjiriin, Btl. df GaiUeit, 1>. ch. 31 
• nil 3(. 

'h Orrphftt Mtnani ntinwri. % Hv DrV.. Qnt^ i, 31. 

i }Wd briuw, /Vtinw. It it ml» frirvltrd ihf- in tamr of thv lain nt 
ihc Pciitninermir, ih* uiimbcf of ibv Piitt it ibitt ; bui id thi« il mtjr 1» 
Itfilicil. tJul irj lli]jtfHy IhiiiK Tiwk u rtawiriln^, mi Ihal tli« fal* aflboM 
uIh lpf only Mk^he j » ^u I'lr AiMinliKi of UrTiianlii Tua> w tnnul urilb 
l«4 i'll/a lli^bnilik. Ill S[4ifi tnil Kifefifr \hc nmiiEvr ^vould nThrr «c«in la 
l4vc been KiDii. L>rp*iil«» tpc^kf of ** lot »^tp uailtUoi dc Iv IMit fulu ^ " 
in Ih* Rom. do U Iiiftnilna li It nld, " fiVfr (alu nif /adanm. rn btxiat da 
■>i» *ID* miv** and Ow /Vr) u* wm in L« Itrllo tii lioli domunt. In lb* 
ri^niAncVj liowtwr, of Guilltiimo an Conn-nn. Ihp ^if** who v%nj l}\B ilrcplnf 
K*noait out of IhabmlarcfAivr inhmiibor.^-8?fi Ghiuoi llviiUctic Mvtljulutfip, 
p. 3R.1. 

il A MS, of ilie Iniii enilufy. "niiiLcil bt Qritnni ( Bl snp p. <0A1. thirt 
KJaIn ibc or^gia of Ai|iiii^n.ul ^Aix ia Clid|>(IJr^ ; d^vidgiwu iifilur Aj\N 

dKroix or tiis wurd rjiiRT. 7 

«M Rdoplcd hy the Italiun, i'roTro^l' and SpuniBh 
tangna^n ; in Frinich it bi'coine, iitivonlin^ to the niiulogj^ 
of ibai toiiKue, /ner, Jeer. t)l' tliia verb iTie paat jiurlic-i^ 
imjii^.jie; lirnco in the romnnc^'g we continuolir meet with 
le> cifvalier* fatM, leu dame» fa/.r-t, i>brrtm la fai. Its chevaX 
Hmt far, la elef Hail J?e, aiid BUfh like. W« have furtlier, 
wetluakideiuoaitrated t that it wMthe practice of theX>atiti 
Usguagu to dido ncccntiril ^yllnblos, e»pcciallj in the pMt 
participle of vvrb> of Ihu linit coiijiiKiition, and tlint thin 
praoti(« had beea Iransiuitted to the Italian, viheace Jhialo-a 
would form rt)/o-(i, nnil una (hnna fitata might thug become 
unafattt. n htithiT llui nainu wiui the; mvu: in thi- PriiTpnt"' 
we omuot afllrm, ua our if]io\sledj^ uf tiiat dialei't is very 
Blight; but, judging from imaJogi;, we would say it was, for 
in Bpuiinh Jladada luid Uada luv HyiiDiivinoiiv. In the 
NMpolitiui Peiitauierotie Fata and. Maga lur- the- snRKK, Mid 
a Fata sendh the heroine of it to a uater of hen, purejatalm, 
Aiiovto »iyn of Mcdcn — 

Delto Fate uiu «il ImiuorUl taua era. 

/ Cittqat Vanii, u. 10<I. 

he utnc poet, however, eloowhen: wiya — 

Quoitc eh* or Fills e dsKli uitioLi fori; 

Gii dctto HiaSe c Dcv am piA bol Doiue. — Jbid. L 9. 

Vunrnmu wl uD punto cite iTogDi allro iuhIh 

SuBO CKpud fuorclid duIlM niutta — OrL Pvr. xluL iS. 

Ko.qiind K»i>lu>tfnri1*i ibi qiitndtm m^itrm faUilam,<A^ n-uuii»m 
I H\M ilin nnDiiNn nin'ji^ vil lira nl tidrVdt'n <l. dryai') ippslJalur, 
«t >d lunr rnHAUf UiflElitrm hal>rtAI,«l rani («i;iiMnbw; at iCfl «ni, ^vod 

dam ^nwUm vic^ itA j^tuni 4cir*iivri ut mm ra drlrrinrptiit, mlini nh< 
iotrxvit ot rju^ Dt (un^r KimliiB liilit yniM«m aitri linguc; rjtii «fllxuiii, quod 
I -licit febtdndi <! MnirnfrtiTi <1, in cniitiutitLi) tiianuit nt, iirtr pD>l£4 tvrijiit, 
• " A LHioi /d^ro LR* tcTun 

Ku U)<irllk urm iju' leu nil nail 

Qac I(rE£ unijit liM tnkiutfnxi .~ — Pol^ufl tit RMttami, 
{Am ihpre tttlen /aledt in ih« hour tliit J n« born, that I aIiuuLJ be tX 
lilX Umn ID loit.) 

' JUhI Iu7 dc nuciii/mfoU tobi' iin pucgtti." — OuUh. dt PoiUMt. 
{Tbaa «■• l/oMd bj BiKbl on ■ Inii,] — Onaim,iif m^ f, SBI- 
t 8m «at TifgU, Euun. a. 



which Uat, how«rcr, i» not decisive. Bujudo also calif tb« 
Ttt«r-iijiDph« Kato ; and our old trsnslatora of the Cluaica 
named thi^nijeirie*. I'ratn dl thi> can only, wu apprehend, 
be oolhiclfd, tiiat ihe ideas of the Italiim poeu, >uia othorR, 
vere somewhat va^o on tbo subject. 

From tho wrb /aer, /cer, to lUichflnt, illlldc, th« Freoch 
made a HuljHtuntivi'/a^WiyiWir," iniiaiun, vui-'haiitiueat. the 
iiioaoing of which vim atVi^rAards enU'udt^il. particularly after 
It hod beiin adopted into tbc linulinh limgu:igi;- 

W« find the wurd PinTii), in fict, to Ui! pinpt<ij*L'd in four 
different suuaea, whit!h we will iiuw arrauge ftud esemplii). 

1. Illusion, eDchantuuqit. 

Plui^Diira parlont dn Quenui, 
Ihi Loup, ilo rAiQC da lUnort, 
Se /■aena ot da Kiaga^ 

D. pbooliuinc* ot dc mciuangoi. 

Old. Oiar. ap. DucOMgi. 


Whore we imist obwrvc, an Sir Walti-r Scott ixicins not Xt> 
hare been aware of it, that the luur lust subiitautiv^* 
beer the sauie relation to each other oa thoee in the t«'o 
first Teraefl do. 

a* blfol a r<>rl7 

Of fairie, mo tboiu^t 

Tuiot, of Pia-i Pltitman, ». 11. 

Muua thmt at tritb M beiw>c a chcro. 

JliTc to bobold il atomtdfiirit. 

(Aaueir, SfarthanU't I^tlt. 

It (tht iimf •tftTiui) wu otfHtrit, as the pcplc HUicd. 
Divonil folk ilinrv'iiy hiui iU>iatiL— Sjuier'i T<iU. 

T]i« Ktoiwrnr Bud on high, 
CcrUt it is t/ufrit. 
Or elln & nuiiW. — Emart. 

Witli j>1iiiatMniw uxl/uiFn^ 

TliuH ahe blenxU )iU ey*.— /.iUoiH i X ieoi m *. 

Tlis tkid of her hia nuulo ui ood. 

And Cm till* «or1(16a Jatnt 

HMh tokeu b*r luto cunipuiic^ — Qomtr, Ownlanw. 

trytlrri, Dtn. tntUtrtf Svrvd- klluwuu, cuc^Kuiuiciil. The IiaIuli wuiit H 



Mr. Kitson pro too w not to underatauil tlw 3iciuitii(; uf 
A«rw in thia liu>t pMsa^. Mr RitiKin Mhould, m Sir Hugh 
SfBDM my*, lunra ' pmved liiH pibic jitttrr;' where, among 
Otlier lliiiiKH that uiinlil liave befti of oorrioo to liiiu, be 
would b«Tc lonrtif li tlint ' miui viilkclb in n vain ilicw,' that 
'kit in tanity,' iinil that 'tbe Taahion of thin world punrth 
away ;' aud tht'U hn would have Ibuiid no diflicultj ui i^oin- 
pteli«>ding the pious longuogo of ' moral Gowpr,' in hia 
alliuion to the tnuwitory aad deut-pLive vunitivii of tha 

2. From tho aenM of illusion eimplr, tlio tranoition wm 
painr to that of the latid of illusioiu, the nliodfl of tint Tat*, 
who pn>iim.'«d thinn ; and Faerie next came to sixiiify tlie 
countiT of the Kays, AuaioCT aUo was here niiling; for 
■a a Nonnrrio wan a pIn«o inkibiti'il br Nonnen, n .TL-wtrric ■ 
place inhabited by Jew^ no a Faerie wati iiaturully a piMW 
inbilrit^d by Fays, Its termination, too, corrt'spoiided with 
■ onu] ono in tne namca of countricH : Tiu-turit!, tor inntancc, 
uid ' the rvtgne of Fttrainic' 

Here bc«id(> an otfiah knij;Iit 

Uutli tnkfrii tnjr lord in fiu'it, 

An<l IwUi liiiii lod witli him aw^ 

law tlitf fWrir, Ki. f9rtii»Ur. — Sr Onf. 

La Jiniawiiiiii ^'il aroit «ur loutM fatritt clii moTii)?. 

Ilwm ill B<iTrkaux. 

Kb ntthct, all nu> fulloil rDtauTDcr «d fatrit, js no ((auroTa on prmiira 
nan choBkUk — Ofbr le Zhtmojit. 

Tb«t OawiUn intb hli old4 curtcuc, 
Though ha wen come ^m out of /oAit. 

Sjmrr'i TaU. 

Ho (Anlmi) U a king j^orowDod ia Rtfrii^ 
VHb H*ptra and ptlL and with hia ragillj 
Sballl raMtfc a* Ivrd aad aorcrtupw, 
Uiit of Ftitrit, nil rvifai in Ebolaia*, 
An J ntmr uun Iha ouliU R<nin>U Tahla. 

Ijydgati, Fall <^ PriHca. bk. rilL C. M. 

8. From tlie comitry the appellation paawd to the inhabU 
tanta in their collective capacity, and the Faerie now ei^iilied 
tlic pM^Iu of Fairy-land.* 

* ritn loo ibfrr i> pnAapt u Mitoff «f(h Ovofry, i^fmtlry, (gsMrw, 
■ad ttinil V coUhui* Mraii. 

1 H^ 

]0 IXTR01>CCTI0ir. 

or tho Iburth kiud of Spritia rmlM tite Pliuria. 

A'. Jama, Itemonoltgit, ], ll 

F\ill often tliQo ho. Pluto, uxt liiR quan* 
Praiwr)iiiut. uul ulb bir/u'ru. 
DiiqiorUin hem. and niakeo niolodio 
About thu we]l.—3farchaaU'i Toit. 

Tbc Isoina that undcTKroiiiid tlia Fafrit did him iniikai 
And tbcn liow ho vujvjrcd tbo LuJy oF tbc Lake 

J>ntVriif. PolyOlb., Sang TV. 

4. Laatly, the word came to sipiify the indiridual di-iiUeo 
of Fairy-lnnd, and «&■ c<iiia1ly nppliod to tiio fuUvtizcd fuirv 
kntght!" anil loAwt of niininici-, nnd to th<t pTginv clvwi th»t 
liaiinC the WiKtib ami iIl-IIb. At vhaX yreeiae [lOriod it got 
tills its Uit, and (!ub§equeDtlv moet utiutil sense, ve are 
unablo to wty ponitivply; but it wii« probnbly jiostcrior to 
Chaucer, in whom it nii't-r iici'im, Mid certaiidv uiil^-rior 
to Spenser, to whom, however, it seems cliiofly lulcbled for 
its future general curreni;y.* It was employed during the 
eintoiTiith century t for the Vnys of romnncp, and iJ«o, 
vipii-iuUy by trauslaton, for the Elves, ss uorrespondiiig to 
the Latin hympha, 

Thity v>liuv(Hl tliot king Arthur ma not dead. I«it rarnpd iiwnie bj 
tlia Puiriet Eut^^ fH>me plonKmt pliurr*. whcnr }id iJiotiUI rt^miune for a 
ttmo. and tbco ivtuitie a^u lujd t^jj^u in tiA greni Huttiiiritr jiv our- 

tUUmjilml. bk. «. c 14. P'nuUA IfiTT. 

ttoiiiiotjior Prui 
Nunc tODOt. at quodam tenuonuit tcin|>oru nvuiiliin. 

Oi-i. itti. xiT, 520. 

The bolfe-^tc ran tbnt honrv 
PoaeMcd il, but boretoforo it wns Uie Faria bower. (hUHng, 1 667 

• Thn FtcriD Qii*ppe ww puMIihtil umo vr»n bffim tho .MLJiumin^i 
Kigbl'i Dieuii. VTuiDu (til* on llio Fuiio Qucciic) ubinvo : ■■ li ipptui 
IKm MinlDii'i Satlici. piintn! laiiU, tint ilic Vtctit Qunne vcculoiwd 
waaj publiHilDnt la wbkb ('■irlH vcn Ibe prlnriptl utorv 

Oo buj louiF balliit of ihe Pkiitv Kiho, — Ad X^ctorvvik 

Oul iirm •ou]e K«rr¥ wilb quirk rriotiun. 
And IcIIb bini mondrn urronic Suwrric vuLe — - 
Ankft, finjgbi luW liii eju, tuil pnnii bit ulr. 

U. III. S»i. e." 

t It ii in ih» nnliiry thai «« flnt mecl vlib Pmrs u i di(i}lliblt, < 

villi > phinl. Ii ll ibrn uicd ku ku fourlti lod ImI iciiiD. 

ouant or rat woan facbt. 


Hltt twmora tadigwoin fnua! nrmpluiu^un tsnobuit, 
Oouque vinuD Ininck et dura nibiii« aula. 

Viryil, J^iuu, nU. S]l. 

With njrmpliw nd fcmiw moua cviiry udo, 
<)wbilk BtrtfotHtor tlwa rtrii clopro wc. 

Oiicin Ihwylat. 
Tho voodi (quoUi li«) Hsuirtima both fkims lud upuplii. uid ([odi of 

A>4 Airygacnu did lI•lI|^ and undw Ui«m > luLioit roui^. 

Inlar Hjuuodryadai cttlvlwrriiiim K aiLUriuu 

Of all tlie njiDBhM of N«i]«vriii uiil Fairi/ fvirw noil ainm, 
la ^"f" ud m p«rao>i^« tbi* lailiu liuil iiu jxvcv- 

faa M dum Uoorli Jketet mui csniiina nymulua. 

Dr. /(>, li 153. 

ntm Phi amoiig Cba ^uiriM^K)^ tliat diunotd roiund togidi«r. 

floUqut Nalwlnm t«leri non noU Diann— Or. Tb. jr. SOL 

Of all th« walir-fafna, aha alonelj «m uaknomio 
To awin UaiMA-aiUi*n0. 


^^B Wa« ti> Uia /airia tJ (h* laka frMli i^lau da for to bear. 

Tliua we Iiare endeavounn] to tnww out tbp ongio, aitd 
miu-k th« progreM of thu word Fair;', throiiL-)) it* viu^-ing 
•ignilicationM, anil trust that tU« aubject wul now tippenr 
placed in a dear and iut«lliinblci light. 

After the appearance ol' tile Kacrii- (^iiccnc, nil ilintinctioni 
wi'rc ironfou tided, thn niuni' mid ultributiw of tli<: n^ Fava 
or Koirita of rumuiioe «en> oompleli-ly tmuafi-rred to tt« 
little beings wlio, acL-ordijiK to tbo popular belief, made * the 
gfwin sour rioglet-* » hereof the <!we not bit<'a.' The cluuig« 
Uiua opuntod by tlwi poeta eatablished itsylf (iraily omouft 
Uw people; a strong proof, if thia idea be eorrect, of tho 
power of tbo pootr* of a nation itk ulltiring the phraacology 
of ctan tha Inwwt cloooca* of its »oeiet}-. 

I * The Kklft Uor^ni of Ili« Slniii of Hfulna j« in fitii>i>1( ; for ilw luuia 

of Hurpos vbtocnactr Jcnitd, *•• ftuUblj brought liii« lul; tj tW 




Shnkepeore must be reKsrdeil m a principtt) ngrat in tlui 
rc»".>liit.ion ; vet even he um* Fniry onco in lli« proper «mw» 
(if I'uv, *nicp it Nvmii to liave nearly lost, till it was 
■gaia broii;;hl uilu uiu> by tlie tronslaton of tlie t'reach 
Contos do8 F^ in the laat rcntui?. 

Td Uiia great Fbirj 1 1] MDimond thf Ada. 

Jntony anii Cffvpofni ad It. M. t. 

And MilCoa aii<.>aka 

Of Faerj duniwlt mot ia foraaU «td« 
Ky kiii^hU uf Logn* or of Lfooo^ 
Luiuiiut, or Pelle«v or PcUisoK. 

T«t h* olMKhcrv moiitioii* the 

Focry pUm, 
Whoae nudnight renlii hy a funiit nil* 
Or foimtaiD H>m« tmUted pnmut iwM. 

Finally, Hnndolpti, in TiU Amynt.ns, employs it, for perhaps 
the last tiiue, ill it« scconil sense. Fairy. laud : 

I <lo Uiink 
Tli«ni will bo of JocDBttu' tinni 1 in ValTf. 

-Vet L an •. 

Wo miij't nnt here omit to mention tlint tlio Qenuana, 
alone witi' I'lf Frrnrh romnnt^-ii, mrly lulorjtfMl tlie name of 
the Feci, They ealleit thtui Feeu and Feinrn • In the 
Triitratn nf (lOttfricd Ton Stmburg wo are tolil that Duk9 
OjUd had a Hjnn-liko little dog, 

1>M wBii d^in Hcraogc goauidC 'Twam loiit uoto the iliikn. pnrdf, 
Vt Avalun. il«r Ftintn had. From Arnlun. tlio Fikyn' CQuntrto. 

Von oiour Oottiniio. — V. IflTS. Bj n Kriiti" giKlilu**. 

In the old German roinanee of laotto and DUnacheflur, 
the liunUtr who km laotUt aaloep aaya, I doubt 

Dcf lie mnn<E)iliDh aal, 

Sc iic whOncr rtrna elna Pmt. 

Von ripucliD nwu ron Bdnu 

Eiiiitr nit Kmrpnlcn 

So (uliba«<aur')«r cnlcQ. 

If iiho liunuui W, 
Sho » fajn-r thuii • Faf. 
or fl»Ji or Viiir. ] My, 
Ndtw oouU! imvc biiib 
A thing *u fiiir on utrth. 

* Dnbenck. ln4*atKhcn MitwUlUn und Volkigtaulwa. Borllo, 1814. 



subject nntiirnlly iliviii<!» itsnlf into two prineipsl 
brBDchm, C't)rr<'flpoii(luiK to the dtffi^rtMit cliuaun of Sviiig? trj 
wliicfa tiie UBTiie Kuirv iioa bm-n applied, The first. buiogH 
of the hiimnn nwc, but endowed with powers bejorid those 
luanlly uHoltiTil to men, wluim we oholl trriii \'\Y», or 
Kaibies of romajjce. The Bcoond, thoue little buiiigo of 
th« popular creeds, whose desceut wc propose to trace from 
the eunniog and ingirnioun DiKtr^iir or dwarlVi of northern 
mytholuf^, and whom wo ahaQ deuonuimte Eltes or 
roprLAB F&tBiKs. 

It <»nnot bu ripoi^r>d thnt our oliuwiticAtion* *hould vie in 
accumcy and dL-termidutfuena with llioue of ualumt nuii-nou. 
The bunuD ima^natioiL. of which these beings are tlie oiT- 
•priD^ works not, at lonst thnt wc am dixcover, liko nature, 
Vf fixed and iiivariubk Iuwk; and it would bi: hard indL-od to 
Mact from the fmry historian tlie riipd diutinction of claaaea 
wid orders which wc ctpcet from the botanist or chemist. 
The nriouit cpwiics m> run into and an confountlitt wnth one 
auolber; the actioun «iid nltribulm of one kind arc so I'rc* 
■jueutlj ascribed to another, that ai-arcelv hate wo beguu tu 
n«ct our nTstcm, wlicn wo find the foundation crumbling 
under our lei't. liidcird it could not well bo otheru isu. when 
wo recolleol that all thesi> beiu^ once formed parts of aiicieut 
jkiid ciplodr^l svstcitis of rvligioD, and thnt it is chicfl}' in tha 
tradition* of too pciwiuitry tlutt their memortttl hiu been 

Wo will now proceed to consider the Pnirif* of romance , 
and a» thcj- aru indi'bti-d, though not fur Ihoir nunie, Tot 
perhsps fur itonie of their attributes, to the Perioa of Peraia, 
we will commence with that eouutry. We iviU tbmcc pursue 
fltircnurw! thnmgh .^mbin, till wo nrrive at the iniddle-we 
ranianee of Europe, and liio Rorjfoous realm* of Fairj-lMid ; 
aod tht Dee, casting a elance at the ]''acrie <jnccTi<:, advance 
to thv inoiinlaina and lorrrts of the Nortli, liirrc to Iruco thi 
origiu of the light-hearted, uJght' tripling elvea. 


All lionitn taliipi mint In lyvitr >i>]d 
To Toll i ■ rt« t hicTD Dc'nr TMb«IJ. 


Tn« purr wjd nlmple reii^ou i)f aucient Persia, onginatinj, 
it U said, with & paaUiral and buutiug race nmong the lofky 
liill« of AdcrbijAn, or. as otbont think, in thn clevuted jitnins 
of Bnctrin, in n rvgion whrro light npnt'oni in all its splen- 
diour, took us ilH fuiidainentai iirinoi[i!e tlie oppoittion between 
light and darknpas, atid vicned tbnt oppO'ition as a conflict, 
Lieht waa happiiK-NK ; iind the people of Ir&n, tiie laud 01 
Iif[Dt, vere the favouriles uf lioavi^n : while thoso of Turin, 
the gloomy rcffion bojoiid the iiiouDtains to the north, nora 
ita encnnicM. In thv n^nlmii of siipcrnnl lidit iiitn i-nthmiii-d 
Onunxd, the fint-boni uf beiiiifn -. aruuiul liim are the sii 
Atnshaispaiids, the twenty-eight Ixeds. and the countless 
myriads of Kvrohpif .f In the opponitu kingdom of dnrknrmi 

* St« I>'|[rtlK^lot. Rii-hmnl»u*t DiiKHHElun, Ouiclry'* Penijii] MiKclJuiLn, 
Withl in iho Mluei dc I'OilciiI, E^mti, ThouMnd Ami Uuq Nj^IiLs, Kurkn, 
Hulm T>1, rtr.. ru, 

+ OrcDuzJ rn>|-]ovf<d hiiiiiclf for lliioe llioii*«ni1 mnln m^kliig tliv h<«vtni 
and ihfir rvTrattt] Inh&biUnfL t1i« PeTohrn, «1ilch %n ihp aniitU •ai iht 
unrmhnrlirH kuIi gftll lnitltl|n!Tii lirtn)^- All nalim u flilcd nirh Iriuhrn, 
nr jimrdiin iinjrii, who i>mlrh oth <u •mnui df partmnilt, did art occupiiil 
in |xrrE>rini»Ej il'rit V4noii* lajka fnr ihv hpnf Al fkf Rijiiikind, — Kratititan thf 
Saend lS;oLi and /H.-d/jum •>/ the Panii, in Iht Tranmriiimi aj llit lAlfnaj 
Bocirl}! of Woniiniy, vnl, ii. p. Bid, Thn Fftohei lirun in ficl > wry iirwi 
Mtfui bkiii^-c lu tliF <irniu>or ihc inficbl Rumaik rchgaAu: « our MjrUtHilofy 
tt OntM ud Ibt^ 



hcrmiin i> HupnTmr, and hU tlironc ih oii(^anipns3e<l li; tbt 
•ii Arcli-De«vs, nai tliu iiuuicrouv UmUi of iuft-riur Ucevn. 
Betwceu lbe»c ri? al powoni o^aaeless warfare prevails -, but 
ftt the fiid the prince of darknos* will lie siibilurii, and 
puacc uid bupi)iii«iM prenil bbui-atb the right«oiiH ewajr of 

IVcm this rablimo system of religion probably arose tbo 
Pnri-* or Fniiy^syatem of modern I'eriiii ; luid thii* what waa 
onoe tAught bv wige*. aiid bt-lieveJ by inoiiarclis, has Aliareil 
the fate of eTrrrtiiing hiimnn, and ha» sui)k from its pristine 
rnnk to benome l.lie mntiTtnl luid the mnchincry of jionta and 
nimwicfrsi. The wurs wiigt-d bj- the fajialicul MueccBaoni of 
the Proplict, in which literature was coidbimded with ido* 
latry, hnvcdeprivi-d ii»f>f the mnins of judging of thin syietem 
in it«i pcrfc<:t fdrm ; and in whut btw been written renpucting 
the Periee and tbuir couutrr ^nce Pei-aia has rcireiied iho 
law of Mohammed, the adinuturc of the tenets and idi-as of 
Jalun i* evidently penrptihle. If, lionevfr. OrientnliKta ho 
ri^ht in their interpn-tulioii of llic nania of Artiixerii?ti' 
quoen. PariKntiii. aa Pitri-iadeh t {Prri-liom), the Peri must 
be eoeval with the religion of Zoroaster. 

The Perim and Deevs of the niuderii Persiana answer to 
the j(iK)d aiul evil Jiun of the Arabs, of whose origin and 
uaturo we shall presently give an account. 'Vhv same 
SulrymnriH ruled over tlietn a* over the Jinn, nnd hnth alike 
wert! pvuiished for didobedivDue. !t i» ditlieull to suy which 
ia the ori)(inal ; but when we re4'olleet in how niuch liighor n 
state of culture the IVrxinnv wer^' thnn tho Arnli.-i. mid how 

ell this view aeL'c)rd» «'ith their ancitlnt BVHttni of rvligiun, 
shall feel iucliiied to belieie that the Arabs were tlii 
horrowers, .-ind tliat by mingling with the Persian system 
ideal derived fnioi the Jewa, tliut nun waa formi^d by thein 

liicli is now the oounnon pro{ierty of all Moslems. 
In like manner we regani the mouiitaiua of Kiif, the abode 
nliki' of Jinn and of PericH and Deevs, as havLig belutigi-d 
jinginally to Persian geography. The fullest account ol' it 

■ Thi* vonl !• invDouDccd Perr]/ or nifan Parrf. 
4 li) J |^-> lltncc II foDom that ilia nt; pUuilble Idea it lb. Ttll 
[ bleu llu man with ibc Psmpcr ouiaol be tonwL 



Kupcara ID thp Persian romance of Ilatim 'I'nt* the hero of 
wnii'ii olloi TMitL-d its rpgions. Frorn thie it would seem 
tliat tLi» mouiituiu-nuigc wns regarded aa, like tlut of the 
ancient Gretik coeniolo^v, surrounding the flat circular earth 
iikr n ring, or nithL-r tiku the bulwnricg of a ship, outside of 
wtiich flowed llie oc^u ; whili.- some Anib authorities ni&ke 
it to lie beyond, and to enclose the ocean ad well aa the 
corth.t It i* Miid to he composed of crccn chrjaolite, the 
rvdection of trhich gives its grceniBli tint to the elcj. 
Aeoording to souie, its heifjht ie two thousand Euglinh milea. 

JinncKt&D ta the common nppeltntion of the whole of thi« 
ide^ region. Ita reajiectire einpireB were divided into mouj 
kiliedom§, containing numerous provinces and eitieit. Thus 
in tnp I'lTi-rpnlm* wi; meet with the luxuriant pi-ovince ot 
Shnd-u-kiuti {Pleatare and lirlight), with its maguifioeiit 
c&nital Juherahnd (>/(wr/-ciYjr). whose two kings siilii'ited tho 
aid of l.'nh<!rmnii agninrt t)io Decvs.J and also tiie stately 
Aiiibi'iiibiul (Ambrr-ci/j/), nnd others ciiualiv splendid. The 
UK'trcipolxB of ihe Dt-ev-tniipire is named AhcrniJiuiihU (AJier- 
man't citi/); and iiniimnaliou hits lavished its slurea in tbe 
dcJWTiptioii of the enoliunted ciwlle, palace, and gallery of tho 
Ocev Bionuroh, Arralienk. 

Tlw Deevs and I'eries wage iuoeaaant war with each other. 
Like miinkind, thcv are aubjcd to death, but after a much 
longer period of eiiaCence ; und. tliougli far juperior to man 
in power, thuy partake of his aenlmii-uts aud piisMoiia. 

Wo ar<! told that when the I'ccvs in their wars mako 

Erisuners of the PeriQ«,U]ejrshiit them up in imn aigeM, and 
aug them froii; the tops of the hi^beat trees, cipusud to 
Bim^ giue and to cicry chilling bliud. Hero their com- 
paniona vioit thetii, aud bring tluim the choicest odours to feed 
on ; for the ethereal Peri lives on [lerfuiue, whieh haa inore- 
orer the property of repelling tho cruel Dears, whoao 
maliEHaiil natiirc! la inpatient nl' fru^raiice.S 

AV hen the Perie* are unable to w itbstaud their foe«. tliej 

* TniHlat+d if Mr Duncan Faibn. tt it (a be >*c»ltH ibM he (at 

•iup1ur*d tliD umii TiiriH aiirl Dfmont Inilnul of IViin and ■>«•••. 

t 8rt Ijnir, Thouwnii anil Onr Ni|l)iM, 1. p. 31. •rj. 

X Thfl Cnlii'miiii N*u>rli ii a rnnmnrr In TiiiLlih, Cihtrmis ■■■ Ilia 
falUrt of Si»i, Lhc jfi^iiIf.-iEltrr af Lhr rj«lflbmLr4 Ktmitfim. 

I l\ i« CI ibe CsficmiAu ^ioivh UkBi ihit TircuDii'aaat occurt' 



■otirit tbi; aid of !k>iiu! inorU] hero. Eiichnntt'il nrms and 
tiOtiiiiiiuu nmbltf bim to cope with llie gigaiitii^ Ci-cva, nnd 
he is convcvcd to JinDeatdn on the bnck of some atnuiK^ 
nnd wonitrmil nnimn]. tlin ndventureM in thnt country 
usually rumuib a wide fiuld for poetry tuid rumuicc ba 
«iiKttiate in. 

The mo«t ".'clcbnitcd tdvcnturctr in .rinnPBtAii vox Tali- 
niiirtui, iiurniini<.-d Dircv-bfiid (Dtce-hiiider),* one of the 
aucieiit Iiinga of Pemin. Tiio Perioa aent bim it spiendtJ 
cmboMV, and ihc Dmivh, who drciulod him, despatcned an- 
other. Tahmiirnn, in doubt how to aei, consults the won- 
derful bird Si-i-iiiurdh,t who speaks all UnguagCB, and whose 
hnonlcdp? CDibrnccJi futurity. Bho Jidviscs him to aid tli* 
Prri(>!i, wamN him of the dnngrrs he has to cncoiintir, and 
disclmies hi* {iropcr lin« of ovtiou. She further olTcra to 

' AJJ ^4> The Tihmani Nlnicb U >lw In Tiiikiih. Ii ud th- 
Caiicnr^i Ntmch t» piiiliabi!' tnoilmioni tmm itie reni&n. A> fU u 
<n *ir tnrr, Kiihitdioii it Ibe Dulf nrlcntklkl uliv uicuilosi ititK m 

f s *>■ „„ li "Iviiili" 'lliinj blfilC "li li ilroiiglii lo be tue «t: !• 
lb« Ar»l«. Till pwl BiJe«i to tipm" ilw Soiinl.' of tlif A.ungniT «•* 

'>?-^ (/ 'H^f' vM ttJ-^ 

i).^ m -*■■■> 

>lji .J tj*^ ^ 

Hi< lUtrnl txAlil bv ipnvlpLK nut *ii wicCe, 
()[i Kjtf il'd Scrniurgb it Willi fuu<l tupplioJ. 

Tht ScaisoTfli pnlnilil' brlonirt lo Ibe ortnirtl isjtkDl'i;;^ of F«mL hr thi 
«|>t>«m in the nrlj |wn of ilu Shib Nioieb. Wlitn XAl mm Horn in Aim 
Nvtrtoiiit hU hftlr p>>«ei1 In be nbile. The ^Ibn rei^nfiT^),' eIui u i p[iH»] o 
D**v ongin, rrtolted lo exi>ntf hiiji, nntt t«n( knm for Lltit piir|Hj>o m Muuni 
ii[]1>i)rt. Iteri> the rm>r bibr Ibt ming aii<l aurLiti; bit fln^n iili he via 
feund V t*" Smniirnh. i>hi> thnile nn ibn luniiiiit of KIbiin, *t ino mu 
Itvhinf for focnl fnr ^vr }'diiiif onrt. Itm Ond jnil ;iii^« into her beartt aDd >ne 
lAok him to her ifiti mid rt-nTril him mUi btrr j'uiinif- Aa he jrrrw 'i\\ irie 
MfnTiDi Ibtt paurii t>v. i^<rrail Lbe liiiiie ot Lit brtiiir ind hit ttnnjjUip tn4 » 
lUlmi ha'l"t; informrd iUiii lull ho w» hli •on, ie wi duI tor Kitmn lo rlulm 
Um ftnm ihr Srrinurvb tl vu »lth giltf ihiil XU quilted tlin giMerim. 
ml, Tho Sremurib, nbrn puiirifi aiib her fuiur-iOD, )»« bim on* of ber 

IniheTii. j.>.' bii'li' I wbtncirr ho tboiild bo Id iioublo ori1im|a, to ami ii 

InID the An. and ht would bin proof n( ber p«>rcr; uid il>c efaufed him it 
>Tiv ■tDte time tUictJy nrier 10 Iftjgti bit nniw. 




Punrry him to Jinntstftn, iiud plucltn totnr fciithnni from Ha 
liri'iiat. will) wtiich tlit> Penluii itiouarvli ailuniH bin !i<.-lmi't. 

Mounted on the RcpinurRh, nnd bracing on lii" arm the 
potent hii(-k!(T iif Jiin-ibn-.liiu.* Tuliinunui cro»»pri th(> nbf^s 
iniiia-ianiiiu' lo uiiiiidi'i! iiiKrtttUly. The vutier luiUii, who 
hud heudt^d the Dcpt embiuiiy, deserting his origin&l frionda. 
hnd gone over to Tnbmums, nnd through the ningic Arts of 
the Dccv, and his owa darliig valour, tht' Penitui hero di-feat: 
tho Deev-king AnHhrnk. He next vanquishes a Deev vtill 
more fierce, named Ucinrush, who dwelt m a gloomr oarcni, 
Burroiiuded by piles of wealth plundered from thu ni-igh> 
bouring realms of Persia and India, Here Takiniirns flnda 
a fftir captive, the Prri McrjAii,t whom I>cmni»h had carried 
oft', and whom her brothi^r*, Dril Peri and Mili'm Shah Peri, 
had long sought in vain. He chains the Deev in the centre 
of the mountain, and at the suit of .McrifLn biistenx to ntt^nek 
another powerful Di*v mimed Houmiionr.; but hen, atnii! 
fortune liraert!) him, und, muiiu:r<-> his ljutHmitii!< and enchanted 
arms, tlie t^laat TaliiiiuraB fulht beneath liiii foe. 

Tlie i^at Deev-bend, or comjucror of JJceTs, of the 
ShAh-Ni'tmiihJ is the illustrious Hooatem. In the third of his 
Seven Tablea or adventures, ou hia way to relieve the 81i4U 
Ky-Caoos. whom the artifice ofa Dcev had led to MazenderiLn, 
whi-re he wiia in diuiger of perishing, he eiiconnt^cru in the 
dark of the rnght a IJeev iiaiued Asdeev, who stole on him 
in a dragon's fonn na he slept. Twice the hero's steed, 
RrkHh, awoke him, but each time the Ueev vnninhed. and 
Rtiofllcm was near idayin;' his good steed forgiving him ■ 
falae alarm. The third time ho saw the Deev oud slev him 
After a fearful combnt. lie then pursued Uxo way to the 
elelV in the mountain in which abode the grcnt [ti-ev Sofe<Ml, 
or White Deev. Tlie seventh Table brought him lo where 
lay an army of the Dcev Scfeed'a Dcevs, commanded hy 
Aruhcnk, whose hcnd he struck oft', nnd put bin troop* to 
flight. At length he reached the gloomy cavern of the J)»ar 


* S«v Arnbitm Ifvmann. 

t ui^«*>PHd. Lifc.Hul >Ih^ wta>ilingu>Wi1klD4. 

* Ferdi>utc<'> (Kit licrolf potm. h li nmuktblc ihil lh( Pnio m nrv 
nnl; (pnkru a! in thl* porm, Tbry mrnly ippni In il wlib Ibr birdt u 4 
bcuu KBsiig ihc •'ih|ccli of Ihg finl Inolu moMnht. 

ttasiiit BouAKce. 


and Rconiing the 
tiiirriftc combat 


W (Weed hlmcrlf, whom tic Toiuid n»]cq), 

I wlTjuiUifa h« iinoki- him, udiI idWr a 
d«priFo<! hiu) alao uf life. 

Alnoj- yoara nficr, when Kv-KhoBroo sat on the throne, 
a wild aHi of liiif*)' nhe, his BKin like the min, and a bWk 
striijc aloiiK liia titk, npp<-ared among the roral herds and 
ii*rtro_ved the horses. It waa supposed to be- the Dcpv 
Akvin.irho WBxkDnwn to haunt nnwIjiicontNpritig. Hniiali'in 
went ill quest of him ; mi lh<! fourth day he fouiid liim and 
cast his uooso at hiio, but the Deev vanished, lie 
re^ppcnred; the hero shot at him, but ho bccnmi' ngiiin 
inTimblc. RixMtcm then )i-t Kvkidi gruT.e, and laid liiui to 
•leep by the fount. As he nk-pt. Akv^i came and Qcv »\i 
into tbc air with him ; and when he awoke, he gnve him hui 
choice of being let fall on the niimntuina or the itva. 
Bootit«tn wecretly cHobp thu Intler, and to Dbtain it he pre. 
tended to havA beard that he who was drowned ncTer entered 
{mnulisc. Akvkn thereupon let him fall into the ncd, froni 
whii'h he fnwipcd. and returning to the fount, he tliere intt 
aiid sltrw the Vcv\. Kootitftn'ii liuit eiifouuter wilh Deevs 
Hits with AkvAji'M Hou, Berkhyas, and his anny, when hi' 
went to deliver I'ceben from tha dry well in which he «•• 
ooulincd by Afnutiiili. He slew him and two-tlurda of luB 
troops. Berkhyas is JeBCribed as being a mountain in siw, 
hja face black, hie body covered with hair, his neck Uke that 
of n dmgon, two boar'x tutika from his mouth, his eyes wells 
of blood, bis hair briHtling likf nuedlcit, Uia heisbt 140 ellB, 
his breadth 17. piteous uebtling in hia snaky locks. Akvin 
hnfl hud a head likr nn f lephnnt. 

In tliu iliiidiMj-IVreiijm Bahw Danujilt {QarJert ef JSjiow- 
Mgi) of Yujiiyet-flllah, written in India a.d. 16S0,* wo BniJ 
tiio following tale of the Peries, which lina a curpriung 
resemblance to European li^grnds hcrcafWr to be uoticed.t 

* O^i n. mniUiliin of Jonallxn SmU, ilSS. 



Cttc Vni-CQitr. 

Tnr sot of ft iierfli'mt in a city of Tlindostaii, ImTtoff 
l>o«'n dnvcn fmm liis futhev's lioiinc on nivount of lus 
iLbdutiful coiiiluct, n^Buuied tUe g«ih of n Kiilmdcnvv or 
inwdenag Derwcpsli, and left his Bative tonii. On the first 
day of hu trnvolsi, Ijpiui; ovKreomc with fHtigiio befoi>> ho 
Koehed ait^ pUvw of real, be nl^ut off thv bigli roii<l and sat 
dowu at thp loot of a tree by a niece of water ; uliile he nat 
tlipra, iio Miw nt *iiiiiiot four dovm aU^ht from a tree on 
titc cdgo of the [luiid. mid rL-simiiiitf tlii-ir natural form (for 
tliey «r«re Pnien) take off their dotheii imd amuic thoni- 
mIvim by bathiii;; in the water. He immediately advanced 
eoflly, took up their garment*, without being B«en, and con- 
I'pjili'd tliem in tlic hotlow of a true, behind which he placed 
iiiinBelt'. Tlie Peries when tbey eamo out of the water and 
iiUBsed iheir clothea were distressed beyond meaaure. They 
mn about nn all niic* looking for them, but in raiii. At 
length, finding the touuk man ajid judging that ho had 
|>08seesed tiimself of them, they implored him to rcotoro 
tliom, He would only conntnt on ono eondition. wliich wan 
I lint one of Ibem should beeoine hin wife. The i'eriea 
.isaerted that eueb a union was impoBHihlo between therm 
whose bodies wero formed of Hro and a mortal who was 
I'ompoNed of eluy and wutcr; but ho persijited, and selected 
tlie one wliich wmh the younjitest and handiwraurt. They 
were at latit obliged to consent', and baring endeavoured 
to console their *i«ter, who »hml copiou* floods of toara 
at tliA idea of parliu}.,' with them ana apending h<ir days 
uitii one of the soas of Adam ; and having received their 
garniGuts, they took loara of her and tiew awar. 

The young raercbaiit then led home hin tn!r bride and 
clad bet maguiUoently ; but lie took care to huiy her Peri- 
raiment in a secret place, that she might not be able to 
(•■nvo him. He made every effbrt to gain her uliections, and 
at length succeeded in hie object ' " ehe placed her foot ia 



the path of rogani, and her he^ on tho o!irp«'t of aflipction," 
Khr nnfa him (^liildri'ii, and gmduiiJIj' bt'gnii to tnkc plciunirv 
bi ihr »ofii-lir of Iiin fciuiili- ri'lativt:n and tiL-iglibours, All 
doobu of Ucr afft«tiou now viuitahed trom liia mind, aiid he 
became lusurcd of her lovo and attachment. 

At the end of ten yi'iirn thi- mi^n-hiuit hocnine cmlmmiMird 
tn bia circiuattniiMw, aud he fuuiid It aeci-niiuy to undi-r- 
Uko It long vojra^. He committed the tcH to the care 
uf kn n^d matron in whom ho had the gmnlcxt contidriice, 
oad tw «lioni he n-Twaled the seon-t of her real niiturt-, and 
sbowed the spot when> he hfid coucealed her raiment, ile 
then " plneurt the foot of departure in the iFtirntp of trorcl," 
and set out on hu jouniej. The Pen utu uuw overwhulitioil 
with sorrow for his absenice. or for some more secret cauat-. 
and contiimnllv (ittcrcd ciprciwions of rccrct- Hie old 
Wumiui ti(>UKht to couNule her, juutiring \wr that " tlic dnrk 
lii^ht of abeeuce would soon come to au end, aud the 
bright dawn of tnttrview gleam from the horiMD of dinne 
bountj-." One when the Pei-i bn-l bathed, ond wiw dn-- 
iutt her amh(-r-ii«;nt*?d trensea with a eonicr of her veil, the 
old nomau burat out inlo expresaiunB uf Hdmiratiou at her 
diMxIiiig beautj'. "Ah, nurac," replied she, "though you 
tliink my preneiit irhnrmn gri;nl, ri-t had you si^en nitr in my 
natire raiment, you would Imve witiioB«*d nJiiil beuuty aud 

frace tlie Divine Creator haa bestowed upou Peries ; for 
now that we tuv amoDS the moxt dnifihed portrnitri on the 
tablets of eiiaU-nce. If then thou desin-ot U> bi>liolil the 
skill of the divine artlftt. aiid admire the wondt-ni of cits 
Dtioii, brini; the robes which my husband ha;> kept concealed, 
that 1 may wear tluim for an iimtant, and iluiw thee my 
natire besuty, the like of wbicb no huinau eye, but my lord's, 
luth guMl upon." 

The »imple noman AMentod, and fetched the rolH'K iituI 

fireiieuled them to llie Peri. She put them on, and then, 
ike a bird etH-ngjed fit)!!! the cafiie. spread her wings, snil, 
CTying Farewell, soared to the fky and wna seen no morv. 
When the inereliant n:turni;<l from hin voyage " and foinid 
no si)n>s of the rose of enjoyment on the tree of i!o]je, but 
the lamp of bliss eitingiii»hed iik the ehamber of fclieity, be 
became as oim! I'eri-stricken,* a n-cJusc in the cell of m»d- 

• i, c |OM<»iil, Idihc. It k like tilt n^i^JA^nn t4 Ui; trmk*. 




ntw. Biuiished frara the pnth o<f uni3rnitnti<Iing, he rcniamed 
intft to lUl th« WuQtie* ol tbrttuio lutit tliu uK.-ful purpocci 
of life." 

pie Peri baa be«n aljled " the fairest creation of poetical 
liu^natioii," Ho description cnn eaunl the beaulv i>f the 
fi-mak IVri,* and the highot eumpliiiient u Pcmum poet 
t'Jiri piiv a Iniiy i» tii likni her to one nf llifst' lowly uerlnl 
beiuj^D-t TLuB SAdee, iu the lines preliici] to thia seotion. 
doclarca thnt oniv the Iwautv of n I'eri cnn he. compnntd 
with that iif the fiiir onv lii'suliln-eaes; ai>d tiion- bitel)', Alioo 
Taleeb KImu taja to Ludj Elgin, as he i> traualated bjr 
M. ton Hammer^ 

Tbo ma, tha modtt, tha 7*rUi^ uid muiktiil 
Compand with j<on. do br mmaiil bsbUul : 
For nin and moon harit nnrar form ut mild, 
Tba Piiriwi lintu. but nam id daaerto wild. 

Sir W. Ouseley is at a low what to rompnrp them to. 
Thoy do not, ho thinks, irwrnWc the .AiigiU, tlie (.'hi-nibim 
and Sernnhim of tho lli-bn-wa, the DituiUDH of the FUlouiBt*, 
or the Geiiii of tli? Buiiuiiia: neither do thoy actxtrd with 
the llouri of tho Ambn. Still lewi do thej ncree with the 
l''airicii of Shnkepearci for though fund of frngriuiee, and 

* 1^ mntl bf rwollHNd tb>l Ihe Prrlei ■» of both KSet: w« hm JuM 
i]«kriT ■< Prii l-iuiiii, nnil nf ihf hnl/iert n( Mi-ijAn, 

t 1<i 'hf l^hah Nanifli ii itiaid of Prinr* Ai^nmb, tlisl irhrn hinai bom 
li« ma tn^fjtt at o Ptri. Vr Snii tit [nt1> trpijwhfir ™iiit«riiij[ («ni>l« 
haauly lo tbaE pf Bnpfiiinr bfinga- ThpGrrcka and Romaiii mmparrd 4 lorrljf 
woman To Venti>, DiJuin, nr <Ur nvn>pl» ; llir F'nk^ini In n V'Ti ■ [hf 4iirirnt 
Si-afiEiriLiirinna Mi»iiUI dt hitr Ka» Krilh arm .XlHiE^iii-, "fair na ari Alf-woIuBti ;" 
lilt J ■■ Aii)(l(vSiixDii ]>c,FE >aii "f Jti4)i]h lliat alio Hu Et/'thffl'i or fair aaat 
l^lf- 111 Il» tjaj of Ongomnr it It aaid, 

Dfdf ni la Dimo un^ tiut^ 

Kl d« blaiiUi nunblolt P^t. 

Thv HD10 ttpnavon Mrtita in Mrnn (3t 4 1?) ; v^d in ib« RflmanC dv la Roat 

we Dirtitp^ry fif jt^td firiJf 'al '/u</^ 4I0» 425). In Ehp PrntaiDprono ii ii 

■aid of a Uiii|['a hu. 'u yua^ euaino h'U" rimnu ti tto/tUft- 

X Wiufli lie I'Uhopl, vol. Hi. p. 40, To ntaLo hia TonioEi compffikvl^ 
Ea|bth, M. van Hauimcr uaca iNo tmrd Fairira-. n have tenliupJ lo 


PKlUtU> Xl>MA!>CE, 


living on that BWccit cmontiAl food, vo never find them 
rniplofi.'d in 

Killii^ cankcn in tba inuik-raw budi^ 
or oblif^ 

U To ntt* tl» Mtj quMn 

I To (low livr (irlM upos thg |^««n. 

Neither is their stature ever represented go diminutive ati to 
innkc kev-holes prrvioun to thrir flight, or the bella ol 
)liiHi'T« tfiL-ir hiilti tut inns. But Milton's Biiblimn idea of « 
' liiery vtiston,' he thinks. ourreHpuiiils more nearljr with 
! what the Pereian poets havo eoncciTcd of the Ferics. 

hTlidlr [Hirt w;in iiinr>> thiui liuniim. ui thoT dtood; 
I td'jk il [..r K fmiry TiBiiin 
Ot tame gay ctcMht** of the srlemont 
Tbat in tfaa ooloure of tha rulubou- livo 
And plup 1' tbo nlightod clouds I wot awHtruck, 
And M I pua'd 1 n-onliipp'A— Oijnuj, 
"I cwi Tinitiirc to affirm," TOnctmlo» Sir Wiilitun ^llantly, 
"thitt hi- will cntrrtnin a prcttv jiirt idea of n PeniiAn Peri, 
w ho shtdl &\ bia evcTit on U>e c^riii» of a beloved and beauti- 
ful mistms." 

If poetic itnocination exhausted itself in iraurtraving thit 
Leuuly of the Pcriiw, it wtm no less slrenuous in liewuiir 
Nttribult's «!' deformitv on the Deeva. They may well Tie ill 
ii^liiirM with the denla of our forefathers. " At Lahore, in 
tlu! Mogul':! paliuH'," rave Will intn Finch, "arc picturv* ol 
Dewa, or Divew. intentiiied in nwist u^'y "hupi's, with Jong 
horna. slariti^ ejeo, ebacKy hair, preat fang», ugly paws, long 
taiU, witii such horriblo diffonnity and doforniity, that I 
wondrT the poor vomnn aro not Irightmed therewith."* 

Sudi then is the Peri-ay steiii of the MohaDiniednTi 
I*rnian«. in which the inftuence of IslAm is c l<^rly pciy'e)>- 
tiblc, lh(! rrrr luimra of their fiibW country and ita kiuKn 
beinj; Arabic*. Had we it a« it was before the Arabs forced 
ihrir low on Pernio, we should doi^tlma find it more con- 
iiiit<«it in aU its part*, more light, fanciful, and ethcriul. 



* 1b hichu' rUfniDS 'dI- )-• ^oMd bx sir W. Ou»)eT. 


otaxnu, uoitxsct 


Tbm Frophet is the eeotm round which every thiiig con- 
nected with Arabia revolves. Tlu- pi-rintf pir>Md:ii^ lii>* 
birth i» regarded and deMgiiut^ ua Lbi- tinii-^ of iKnunuice, 
nnd our kncpwledgo of the ancioiit ArabiiUi inytbologr coin- 
prism little more thnn he hns bcru plcnscd to tntiKtiilt to 
lis. Thtj Arabs, however, apppur at no p<'riod of their 
liiatory to havo been a people addii-ted to fntKifiil iiiveiilion. 
Their minds ore acute aod logical, nnd their poetry is that 
of tho heart nitber than of the fiiiicj-. Thcv dwell ■n-ith 
fondsoM on the joys and paitiii nf lovn, and witn riithuiriiwn 
tlnorihf) thB coiira^ imd JariiiK dccdn of warriiin. or in 
moving stnuiiB pour forth the phiuilive ele^y ; ^"t ("' tlie 
deaeription of gorgeous pftlii««8 and fra^^ul (tai-denn, or for 
the wondeTH iil' magic, thojr aro indebted clncfly to their 
Persian Dcigh hours." 

What classes of beinf^ the popular creed may have 
rcMgnispd bofijro tho <^iitahlifihmcnt of IslAin wc have no 
meanii of asoertaiuiug.t Tho ^iiAjM-'uilod I'ocmn, and Antiir, 
^■ive us little or no information; wi; only know that tho 
talcs of Pcrnia wene current among them, niid were listened 
to with such avitlity ui to rouNo the iurliguation of the 
Proiihet. We uiusit, tluTtrfore, quit tho Umts of tho 
WediJween. and the valleys of ' Arahy the Blent,' and aci'om> 
pany the khaleefeb* to their inn^niflcent capital on tho'i'^ria. 
whence en1nnNt4.1l all that has thrown Ktieli a imlo of snli^n- 
dour around the geiiiu» and lon^uaKt! of Arabia. It la in 
this seat of empire that we muxt ^ook to meet nith tho 
origin of the mnrvirle of Arnbiaii literature. 

'TranKphinted to a rich and lertilo ixiil, the sous oS the 

■ CotuiaM AoUr and iLo Suipfnilcd Pacint (usndiilid bjr Sir W. J«a») 
vLlh ihvlit^r Ara^ic woik>. AirEai, Lhouiflk vrltlrii Ujr AfAiki tfaa FDurl-iKfcl 
4* HuobQ '«r-Ruhrp^3, g^'f^ (ho n'anorn fcnd lAe*^ ul ihr Amln of tht llcicTI 
t Tbg Jina tru menuciiitil u Uic Kuitn uid ftlao In Anbii. 




desert speedilj' abandoned tbeir fortiMT nntplc rcioAo of lifv ; y 
knd thn rniirt of Rngilnd rqii.illoH »r KurpaHBud in mitgnili* ^ 
<*nii-- anv tliiuK thnt tlio Eaal han i-vt-r witnessed. Genius, 
whatcTt.>r iu dlivctiuii, was eiicoti raged and rcn'nrJcd. and 
tlic miMcian nnd the story-teller nlmrrd ivit.h the introimmcr 
and Kiiitoriiui the favour of itic muuitii-vnt khtUi-t^ri^hn. The 
tales wtii<:li had ai^u-u^l l\\e leitnin- of ihe Shabpoont aiid 
Texdcjinlfi wrro not disdained bv the ll:irooas and ^liniui- 
■oora. The i;x))crt nan-ntoni tdtwrcd Iticm »n iia to luxord 
wiili itie now ftiilh. And it nas thus, probably, that llw 
deliglitfu) 'iliouMuid and One Nights ' were gniduaUv i>ro- 
duccid Bud modilin]. 

Aa die Genii or Jiunfare prominent aeton in th<'»« 
tales, "here thej- take the plav« of the i'ersian Periea and 
Dpcv*. wp will hire rito ■omc account of thi-in. 

Aecording to Arntiinn writrrn, tlicra u a Bpetiiit of hciogi 
named Jiim or Jau (JiiinL-u i»., Jiiinlyeb fl ting.), which 
were created and occuuicd the earth several thouBand yean 
twiora Adam. A trnditioii from the Prophet Enys that ther 
wpTW fomicd of *' *iii(il(flc«« fin-," <>. the lire of tho wind 
Simoom. Tbi-y viPtv gomrm-d bj a Biiccesajon of fori}-, or, 
M others say, sevenlv-two monarchB, named Suleymau. the 
liut of whoTD, called JAa-ibn-Jan, biiilt the I'yroinida of 
Eim>t. Prophctn were Mcnt from time to time to inatnict 
auil udiiMHiiah Uuiin ; but <m tlieir continued diMibcdience, 
an armr of angela appeared, who drove them from the eai'th 
to the rc^ons of the island*, making man^ prisoners, and 
aUughlitnng niuny more. Among the jinsonirni, wiu n 
younff Jinnee, named 'Adu!e«l, or EUllkrilh (al'tcrwarda 
oallea ibleee. from his thtpair), who gnnr up among the 
ongcU, luid bei-nmc lit Inrt their chief ^^Tii-n AAnm wan 
cfvnteil. flod I'ommatiiled the augelii to norxbip him; nml 
they all obeyed except Iblees, who. for his disobedience, >» us 
turned into a Sheytin or Devil, and ho became the father 
~ the aheyOna.; 

* SHTnInuid ^[rilir Fii'lioni, p. 37, Mf. Idra, Thii.;ni>d and Oi» 

^ Oii]:iiB ciiil Jim, Jike Vihy kuil Prn, b a rorioiii rsJriHdfim. Th« 
hUn Jtniitr bfin no irtrniiitanct u-Tijttrrrr la iht Roman fJmiiiL 
; *• Wbrii Bp tail! iiulo ll»r Aii^lif Wonbip j* Aclmn. urn! jHot vnthliTpfd 
etnBft lUcn (nho) ■•• "f llie Jtiin." — Kuiin. eln|> IniL i. iS. Wanbif 



Tho Jinn mrfi not imnidrUl ; thrj on to survive manVintl, 
btit to die before the i^aeral resurrection. Eveii iit prcitrnt 
niiiiv of tbcm nro slain by otbnr Jinj), or bj mm ; but 
cbieily hy shooting-Ktuni hurlnl iit thcni from Heaven. The 
fire of which they were crented, circulates in their veins 
instead of blood, and witon they receive a mortnl wound, it 
burst* forth M.nd oonsiinies them to iwbes. They eat nnd 
drink, and proiiu^te their epeciM. Son-.etimes they unite 
H'itb liuinaii beings, and the offxprini' portalns of the 
iiaturc of both pnrrnt«. Some of the Jmn are obe<)ient Ut 
the will of Ood, and belierers In ihc Pn>[i)iel, miBwering to 
the Pfriea of the Pereiaua; others are like the Doers, 
disobedient and malignant. Both kinds are divided into 
coniniiinitio>, anil ruTrd over bv princes. Tliry have the 
power to make ibeinaelvea TJaibie iind invisible at pleasure. 
They can ansunie t)ie form of various animals, especially 
those of «er[>ciit8, cats, and doffs. When they njijirar in 
the hiunftii form, that of the goo3 Jinnee is iisn.iHy of great 
bcuuty ; thnt of th« evil one, of hideous deformity, and 
BometimeH uf nit;iinlic niie. 

When ihe Zoba'nh. a whirlwind that raises the cand in 
tho form of a pillar of tremendous height, is leen swecning 
oier the desert, the Arabs, who believe it to be t-aiiaeu bv 
the flight of an eii] Jiunees cry. Iron! Iron! (HaJtvit 
Iladral!) or Iron! thou imUicky one! (IMnd ! i/A 
tRrthoom !) of which metnl the .linn arc believcil to h-ivr n 
great dri'ad. Or pise tliey try, Ood is most great ! {AUdhu 
akbor !) They do the game when they see a water-spout at 
sea ; for they nwigii the gnmo cause to its origin.* 

The chief abode of tin- Jinn of both kinds is the Muun* 
laiua of K&f, already described. But the)' also are dispersed 
through tho earth, and they occa»ionnHy take up their rcai- 
dcnre in baths, wells, hitrinje, ovcnn, nnd ruined houMta-t 

la htm pmlniton. The nplf of ISIm mu^ " Thou hut cnBttH nw of Atr, 

kii^l litki 4:rcniv<l Uin t.rrtrtW," — lb. tii, II ; ilr»<"iil, TT. 

* ll wu the Itfltff of i)iir lri»h pi4Bn1r7, lint whirlniiiilk of du'B on ihu 
ro«d* mrv miknl hv Lhe Fftirk<*«, whit wnt tlirn nn % jnvmry. Ou tuch 
OOSiiabi^ unhko Ehe Anbt, tbrj (lard to r%im ibrir halt uid ujr, " Ood ipml 
jon, f nllomon ! " For \ht innFr of iron, ar* Scandinavia. 

^ Tbs Anlu Blitn Ihc}' jHiur H*Ur un Ihc gniiiiiil, Irl -luHn a burkcl Inte 
■ irell. tnirr a hsili. t!c.. Kit, - l>iruii»iiin^~ (Viitoirr !) or, PtnuMon, j« 
hiMaed \ (DttlU'ii; jid "•abScil.tni I) 




Thev alao frej^ueut tlie sea and rirers, croBM-roada, and 
narKct-plncpB. Thoy nsoend at times to the confines of the 
(owcxt hcatcH, nnit \w lintrtiins thctv to the conversation of 
the aii|{i.'lBi. thi-j' olitaiii Bomi- Kuowicilgc of futuritj't wliii'h 
thoj impart to those men who, bj' means of talismans or 
mneic Brt», hftic born ab!o to reduce them to obi'dieiiw.* 

Th« fuUuniiiu arc anecdote* of the iiaa, given by 
historians of e[iiiti«Dce.t 

It is reliitcd, says Kl-Kaswepnec, bj n certain narrator of 
tradition*, that he drueendcd into a valley n ith hiit sheep, 
and a wolf carried off a «wo Irani aiuuuf; tbctii : and nu 
arose and rnisE'd his voice, and cned. " O inhabitant of the 
valley!" nhereupou he heard a vo'cc sayiue. "Owolf, 
revturt! him hin iiheep ! " and thp Kolf came with the cwo 
and left her, and departed. 

Uen Bhohnali rclatoB. that in the year M6 of the Hejra, 
in the n-ign of Kaieni, the twenty-sbth khateefeh of the 
houBii uf Abbaa, a report waanupt^d in Bugdad, nhich irainc- 
liiately spread ttirouuhoul the wIioIp pruvijure of Irak, that 
some Turks bi'ii)i{ out buutiiig sau in the desert a blaek 
l<'nl, hciieath which thore was a number of people of both 
aexeii, who were b*-ating their chin-ks, and uttering loud 
cries, as is the custom lu the East when any one is dead. 
.\niidf.t their cries they heard these words — Tkr oreal king 
^ fhg Jinn H JeaJ, tcoe to thia country ! and then there 
came out a great troop of women, followed by a minibcr of 
other rabble, who prooecded to a ueighbourijig eenirtci^-, 
utill heating Ihciirsrlves in token of grief and mourmiig. 

The celebrated hint<irian Ebn Athir relates, that when he 
was at Mosul on lh« Tigriii, in the ^ear litX) of the Ilejra, 
there wa» in that countiy an epidemic diseujte of the throat ; 
and it «b« «tud that a woman, of the race of the Jinn, 
having lo^t her ton, all th<ii«! who did not indole with her 
on account of his death wei« attacked with that diieaau ; r*i 
Ihat to 1)D cun») of it men and women assembled, and with 
all their alreiigtb i-ti<'d nut, V iHolher of Ankooii, rxfu*e «» / 
'i atrooJ id tlrad, and tie did not tiiiad it ! 

■ For I)m piTCrdinjc inauni of Ibf Jinn, 'mttn nliotli IndcMtJ la lAXm"* 
*«lisbU Inntlitiitn of ibfi Thaunnd tni Ud? NIkdii, i. 30, ^tf, 

t Tls Bnl ii |i<*fi bf l^nr, 'it* Mbrr im b} I>'llriki1ot. 


E<C0 quo] tha 1e ftifln rwptifni!! tn^h 
lABolIiiitii, TrliUno D kH *iut cmmi, 

Fhw will now endeavour t« trace roiuantlc and mancHoui 
fiction to any inttividual sourw. A n extensive, (urvpy of th« 
rcgioim iiffiiucy and their productions will incJino us mtiicr 
to Minaidor Ibt! niciitikl noni-ni uF miin M having an uniform 
operation undt-r i-vi-ri- »ky. aiid under trvety form of )>oUticai 
Miat«IlCe, and to ai.'kDowlcd^ that identity of inY^ation U 
not motv to be w<ind<'rrd nt thnn identity of nction. It ia 
Btrangu liow Umili-d the powt-rs of th« imagination are. 
Without due consideration of the auhject, it might be 
imo^ncd that her rt^ret of materiiiU and powers of com- 
bination are botmdlmiB ; yet n-ftcflion, howrvcr slight, will 
convince us that Leri.> also ' thfre ia nothing new, ' and 
chargiw of phiglarisin will in the majority of ca«e» be jnctly 
HuHp<H.'t(Kl to bu duroid of I'oundntion. Tlin tirie:tt poetical 
eipressious and Biniilc* of oci-ideotal Uti-mtuw meet ua 
when wc turn our attention to the Ea«t. and a striking 
oiiAlogy pen'ndcpi the talc!! and lidionn of every region. 
Tlie reoMD in, the malrriala prcst-ated to the inrenlive ^cul* 
ties ftre scanty. The pouer of comhiuatiun is therefore 
limited to a narrow compans, and similar combinationM mu*t 
bonce frequently occur. 

Yet still llii'n? ia a Iii({h dcRree of probability in the 
iiuppo:!ition of the luxuriant tlctiomt of the East haring 
through Spain ami Syria opttrnted on Kuropean fancy. Th« 
po*lry and romaiicu of th« middle afica are notiirioudy 
ricficr in dttail, and more ([or^eoua in uvi-iitioii, than the 



more oorrcct utd cbaste etnunii of Qreeoe iuil Lnliuiu ; tlie 
bland of CalvjiMi, for tiumple, i» iu beaulv tini varietj left 
br behind fcy tli*- retrcata of the fMine* of romaocv. 
Wlunco ui»cs tWif diHrrcnce '! No doubt 

WboD kncIoDt cklnlry tUnplay'd 

The pomp of bar hatole graw*. 

And cmtcd knlghtu uad timaod dunci 

Jlvicliiblod at tho ciiuion'a call. 

In nimo proud nulU's highDRh'd liatl, 

thnt n drgrM of pnmp nnd nplcndour met the i^o ol tiio 
iniuHlrcl and roiiituicmr on wliinli th« hard* of tfui ttlmplu 
republics of ancient times had never gazed, and this mi|fht 
oiint f»r the diff'-rviic* bclwct-n the poetry of ancient and 
III iddU'-apo Europe. Yt-t, notwithstanding, wc diitcovor 
ftiK'h an OnVntalisiiL in the latter ha would iudui:e us to 
wi]uii!iic« in th<! hyiHithc«i» of the fictiona and the manner 
of tbu Edat hiiviii); bi'i'n early tnin»niitt*d to the West; 
and it iu lii^^ldy probnble tiiut alont^ with more Kplendid 
habit« of hfe entered a moro lavish una of the ^orguous 
stons laid open to thu iil/wtii- powcra of fietion. The 
bdeo of Arubu weru undimbtvdlj Known in Kurnpc from a 
very t^arlv iieriod. The romance of Cleomudea mid Clare- 
iDOnde, wbieh was written in the thirteenth ecnturv,* not 
menlf remimbli-n, nctunllv in this utory of the Knchanted 
Horse iu the Tbousand and 'One Nightii. Another tjJo in 
tlie samo collection, 'I'be two Sisters who euvied ihcir 
yminger Sister, may be found in Strapurola, and ts uIbo 
a nojtuW Blory ill Germany ; and in tlw.- Penlnmrrono and 
OtfwT collcctiouB of tnles pubtiahed lo g befon- the appear* 
ance of M. Gnlhind'n translation of the Eastern ones, 
numeruuH truoeii of an oricotAl origin may be disecnied. 
Th« principal routea thev camo by may alao be ejuiily 
abown. Tin- nrci-sinitics of commerce and the pOffrimage to 
Mecca occiLsioncd a conntant intcrcouiKo botwcen the 
Moors of Spain and tiicir ffiIo«-seefarif» of the Enst; 
and the VeiielinnB, who were tlie owners of Candia, oarrii-d 
on an rit<-nnivL' tnidi: uitli Syria and B^jpt. It is worlliy 
of notice, that the f^otti I'iaveroli of Stmpamln wei-e first 


Ok tba iDfajfcri T&«Bl!aii«d iv Ibit yvignpA^ ten TUct 4iid KpiThtf 
tt«iS chap, il, and .^ 


bubUabed iu Venice, and tbat BaaQe, the author of t\\> 
iWtamaroiie. spont his voutb in Ooniliii, and wm iLftvrwnrd* 
II long timr nt Venice. liOBtlv. pilgnnut weru iioUiHoun 
iiiUTftUira of marvela, aad eacfi, an he visited tlie Holy 
J.niid. va» aiiiious to ftorc his memory nith thoso riches, 
ihr ditt'uwil of which proctirud him atteatiou uid hoapitttlilv 
lit huuH'. 

We think, therefore, that EurOfieaii romaaoe may be 
inth-htrd, though nnt for thu nnme, yet for some of the nttri- 
buti-ii utid exploits (if itit fnirieti to Asia. Tliis u more espo- 
cinlly the aue uitli the roniatices oomuosed or turned into 

i>roK< in the fourteenth, fitloenth, aoil ainteooth centuries ; 
or in the curlier ones the Fairy Mythology is niucli mori; 
Bparin|;iy iiilrtidut^ed. 

But beside the claHsic and oriental prolotypes of iU fairies, 
rotiiftiK'e tnnv hnve hod an ndilitioiiiu one in the original 
mythology of the Ccltiu tribes, ijf which a being very neiirly 
allitd to the fnv of roinaiioe sppesra to have fonncd a |)iirl. 
Such were the iuiuioiiioU<is who twHtoued their favour* upon 
I.nnval nnd Oroelent. This subject shaJi, however, bo more 
tlilly conaidiinHi under the head of Brittauy. 

Bomaiiceii of chivulry, it is well known, may be divided 
into three principal classes ; those of Arthur and his Bound 
Tablf, of Cliorlcniagne and his Paludins, nnd those of Atnadis 
and Palmeriii, and their dcaceudanta tuid kindred. In the 
Hrxt, with the ciee]ition of Isaie le Triste. which appears to 
be a work of the liJ\ccnth ocutury, the fairies appear hut 
seldom ; the second exhibit! them in nil their brilliancy and 
power i in tlie third, which all belong to the literature of 
opnii), the name at least does nut occur, but the eucltanti'eos 
lirganda l.i Descouecidn seemH equal in power to La Dome 
du Xac, in the romance of Luucelot du L«c.* 

Among the incidents of the tine old romance just alluded 
ti>,f is niuTntcd the death of King Bar. occasioned by grief 
at the night of hia castle taken and in Humes through the 
troacher)' of liia setieochal. His aSlicteil queen hiul left her 

* In (he Ainu!i|[l af T>. Tu«, thi- ii La Km Vrginila. 

+ Lonnkl t> ngifilnl u piubibtjr tlir larlnit ptme irminnni of elii™ltj. 

Il WBJ linl [jrintcd jn HiH. Tl.o luclrit*! muiniine I'llW lo Clmtctw, ol 

«4il«h L*n«lDl It tb« hcra, m* bc(UB by Chnauen Je Tnytm, whi> iliiil in 

I 111), ud Bnlihed ij Geortrtj' da Llgn^. We roav htn ob*cne Uuit *lmutl 


■ew-boru hiEint on tho innretD of n lak«, n'blle fthv w«ut tii 
BOOtlic t)ic litut mnmcnln of tlii,' riiiiriiig nioiiiircli. On lier 
return, xbi- iUiiia licr bubii in tlii? urriiB of u U-iitiliful liuly. 
She eiitnuU tier palhi-ticaliy lo rt-slore ihe urjthau babe; 
but, nithout iKydiiii; her cntrcntios, or cvim titUTiiigA Dingle 
woril, bIh! imir«!i lo ibi? fiigp 'it' tln> Inki*, into wliirh Ac 
pliuif-eii tuid <Iiaat){>eara wilti ihu cliild. Tliu t;ul,v «mu IUl' 
cetebnted Dani« au Lac : the child nas I.nucelot. nfteruariLi 
styW Ihi liOC The namu of thi? Imlr wn)i Virifiinr. niid 
•hf had dwelt "enkniaivhedela ]jL-lil*-'Uritiii(;ii«." Merlin 
the di-niou-born, the renowned encliimter, became euajiioured 
of her, and tnii^ht her ii|inrti<>Dof hi« art: and the ill-return 
she mailr i» well kiuiwu in the B«ua]« of fnnali' tn-nuhcry.* 
In oJiiBi'iiLii'iK« of tho kuowledge thiu ai.'quJred she becauiu 
a (airy; lor the author informa ua that " Iho dainael wlio 
carried 1 Jincvlot to the l.iliv nns a fay, and in tliOM timss all 
thoHc ntiinun irr.m I'liIUrd fayx who had to do with endtant- 
DKnta and chami» — and ibcre were many of tk«m then, 
princlpall)- in Great Itrilain— iind knew the power and 
virtiMw of worda, of rtones, and of herb*, by whic-ii they were 
kept in youth and in beauty, and in great rich««, aa thcv 

Tbe lake wm a/witi, an illu«ion rniawl br the art which 
t>io devil had taught KlorlJn, and Mi>rlin ttie lady. The 

■II iW FWotli nmuiDH «r dilvilr; «rre wiittcn irigiomWf in nn* in ih( 
tnKlk wd Ihlitnntli nnlurli*. prluclpilt)' by Cbmikn de Ttujo tad Huaa 
dc VtllFiiciiie. Tl« fnte mwiioe* In gencnl were duuIs from ibon ia llf 
■fit* mil (tniuij. 

Fat nhito tt vrw in him-U ^y 1<iti"[f of tn *]f, 

Vor »n hii wonrfroKi ikill *■» emrnt-i of hintrlf : 

Fuf viJktng killi bii V»T, hrr iu [h( ntV ha liroufht. 

In which be lift lichrn hi* iii|;n"iiAnFin wrauifhl. 

And p>'"K >i Ibcmv, )•'<• luaifin to li»f ihowii, 

ftlic •lopl the rmmii't muulh wuh an fncliiiilrd ibific, 

Whne cnnnlnp Biron^tj mmcd, amm^ whilr lit dul itkfld 

She aplivo li'ni fnnv?_^ei) uTim thp Fii'nj-\hii'i- 

Itnjion, Pol^OVi. »eBt IV- SrF«Uve, p. a. 
+ ta diaioiicllr qui l«imlui paru in Ivfiiuii imi'/.V, ri i>n cnllul Mmn 
••toirnl •i^icll™/™* toutpi ccllei qui ifiimmeloici.t drnchmipiorn™ « a» 
chwniH. n niDutt tm niuii pvur ion [irinFipiillcniBiil m la Clnnd Dn-iijpif, 
d Kvolcnl la fom* c1 ia vtrlu tin panrllFfi dct picrm, c1 ilea lirTb^a, par^iiol 
•IW atDlnit tn Jcoonac, cl CD tinullc, d en (nndH ndicuo, EnniniaBI 
■U«a 4mMicnt, 



i:nanra say» : " TM lad; ^rbo icwad hiir. Minvi-nRij only i 
the fi>ri-.-<l, und dwdt Cm the raminit of a tiili. wlijch wi 
much lower than tlut on whk'h Kiue Itnn hod died, tii thU 
plncc. whero it seemed thnt the wood wiw Lnrgc nnd deep, the 
lady tiiul nmnF fair houBes, and very rich ; and in the {dain 
buueath there u'a« a gentle little river well-stored with tvA ; 
Mid tiiia pidco wa« so iccrct and no ranernlcd, tlmt ri<,dil 
difficult VM it for any one to find, fur the aembluncc of the 
Bald lake covered it ho that it could not be perL-eived." • 

When her yoiuig protege had gone througli his course of 
hnightly education, she took him to King Arthur'* covirt, 
and pn-sentcd him there ; and hia oubtiequeut hintory i« well 

In the romaiRv of Klnugia d'Ayfjreraont et de Tirian 
*oil Frf-rc, whi'U Tniiinpl and the femwe sluvo hud stolen the 
two cliildren of Duke Beris of Ayjj'"''""' "^' t''" fonner sold 
tQ tho wife of ^ori;nlant the child whicii he had tukeu, whose 
name «Sb E»clannonde. and irho mt^u about tttleen years of 

r\ and WM "plus belle ct pliw bhiucht! qu'une (>.«." The 
re hariiiM; laid herself to rest under a whitc-thoni (oubt- 
tpine), was deroiired by a Uou and a leopard, who killed one 
another in their dispute for the infant. " And the babe lay 
uodcr the thorn, nnd cried loudly, duriuK which it caino to 
paaa that Ortande la Vto. who abode at Koaefleur with four 
other fays, c&ne straight to thia thom ; for every time aho 

gniuird ^y there she uned to mpose under that white-thorn. 
he (jot down, nnd henrjug the chUd cry, ahe came that way 
and looked at him. and wiid, * By the god in whom we be- 
lieve, thin child here is l)Tng badly {mal gi»t), and thia shidl 
be Ilia name ; ' and from that time he was olwayn called 
Orinndo la Ffo brought the child home with her and her 

* \m Jhhh qui Iv nouriuoU ritr cnnnnoil quo tn Ibmt, *t futoit aii pUio 
it unj lenrfl ],]ii* tot mwrt qua «lui on 1e laj Ban <-at<i[t mnrl ; «ia m lien 
on II HuibWl quo Iv boift full i^n^riE et [orfuul (prv/vnd) Btuil ]■ ilattif tnouU 
de bol1?t QiDitoiii el iiiotili rii:],(«; v\- An plmu JoiBuuhi y ftroil uue gepto 
pcij:# ilsiprc oifiuli pttntidKUK dr |H>iifluai; ct etLoii » lft>u \i ctlt at ftrcrrt 
que btfn i)i11l<in« frioil k hoDimc ,lt \f uoiivcr, cat I* wiiiblancc ilu dit Jw: Iv 
coiivroh »i <\\if i\ ho |tnuT«u tvTrr ajipcECPu. And fafther, L* dAmulKlli 
iirtUiii mir wiille, iDiii 3 nTsil fniiidc ciin)|iBign)a de ftiTtllcn et de tUnct 
el duxiDiarllc^ 



nwls : ancl baving cinmincii him, and found, by a pre<rioua 
ring tlint wiw in hia ciir, thnt hi.' n'tw of noblu linc-ngi', "«lit> 
[jmyfJ our l-"i^i tbal lie would be plttaaod of liia j-racc to 
ruaii« known bin origin (natiim)." When she had Gniahed 
her prayer, nbc ni'tit for her ncnhftw K^piet, " wlio wiw & 
dwurf, mid was uot more than tttrev fti-t htKh, luiJ hiid lii* 
hair yellow aa tine gild, and looked lik» a child of iievi.-ii 
yonm, biit be noa mciri.- thuTi a huuilrvd ; and ho km ouu of 
the tuliwBt knaves in the- world, and knew fv«n- kind uf 
eafhantment.'' li?piet informed her whoso chila he was; 
and Driandc, having pntycd to our Ijord to prcMTVc the 
child, took liiiii with her lo her caallu of Boiefleur, whww 
ahe bad bim baptised and named Alaugia. She and her 
damsels rwu^d him with great tendernc«it ; and w hen he wjts 
old oiujugh »be put bun undi-r the tare of \kt brother 
Baudris, " who knew all the arts of ma^ie and at-enimaiicy, 
and was of the ngi>ofa hundred years;' and hotanght what 
he kiiew to Xaugia. 

Wbcu Maugis waa gruwu » man, tb<! i'uy Orinnilt! dad 
biin in arms, and be became bar ami ; and she loved him " de 
si grand amour qu'ellp doutu fort ({ii'ilne ao departo d'avceques 

Maufps shortly afterwards achieved the adi eiiliire of gain* 
ing the enchanted horse Bnyard, in the iek of itoucaut. Of 
Bayard it i* tmid, whi'u Muugin ([luko to him, " Itayard D>toit 
fege, HI t<utendoit ausui bieu ftUugie oomme a'O ^Sayanl) 
euot parli'," On his return tnm tha inland, Mausis con- 
qucn and «!ay« Llie Suracrn admirti] Autbenor, wco bad 
come to win the lands and castle of Oriaiidv, and gaiua tba 
Bword tlsaibci^ {Klobwgc), which, tocelher with Bayard, 
be aftcTWord* gave to hia eouiin Kcunud. 

In Perceforeit, Sobille la Uame du Lac, whose castte was 
Burrounded by a river on whieb lay bo dense a foe that iio 
one could see acrowi the water, though not called no, wni 
evidently » fey. The fortnight tliat Aleiaader the Great 
and Jr'loridns abodo with her, to be cured of their wounds, 
■eemcd to them but aa one night. Durin? that night, " la 
daune demoura enceinte du roy dung &Ik, dual de oe lignag* 
jraait U> roi .\rtU8." * 

• Tal. L (k. 4S. 



r Is the same rDiniince * w<! nre told thnt " nn Ijsle lie 
Zt'llatide jadie fut deinourante ua« Jaee <^ui estoit appellet' 
Morgane. This Morgaiie was very intunntc «itli "uiig 
enperit (ofimeit Zcpiiir) qui repairoit et lifiix nciiiiatiquoN, 
innis jamma uestoil reu que de oujt." ilejiiiir had beeu if 
tlie babit of ropuriiig to Moi^ano la Face from her youth 
up, " car die estoit mnlicieuHe et ■uhlillc H tounjcnm nvoit 
moult doain; a aucuncnient s^avoir des eiicliwiti'iiit-ns et dvn 
coujuratiDiiH." He hud I'Oiumitted to her charge the jouoc 
PasselyoL aud his cousin Beiinucq, to be brought up, and 
Pnsselyon was detected iti an intrigue witli thi; \o\tug Mor 
l^e, daiiKht(.'r of the lay. The various adventures of tbia 
amorout' youth i'onn one of the moat interesting portionu of 
the romniiec. 

In Triataii do Leoiioia.t king Mfliadus, the father of 
Tristan, is drawn to a cliase pur trial engtn tt nfgromanee of 
a fairy nho was in love with him, aud carries bim ot)', nad 
from whonc thraldom he wna onljr released by tbo power of 
tbo great en chanter Merlin. 

lu I'arthenopei of Blois,! the beautiftd fuiy Melior, 
whose inng'ic hark cjuriea the knight to her secret island, in 
daughter to the emperor of Gn-cee. 

lu no romance whatever ia the fairy machinery more 
pleasinglv displayed than in tSir Ijauul'al. a metrical romance, 
comjiostnl § by 'f homaa Chestn-, in the r^-ign of Henry VI. 

Before, nowever, we give the amtlysis of this poem, wliicb 
will be followed by that of another, and by our own imita- 
tions of this kind of verae, we will take leave to oftcr some 
observations on a subjoot that eetuiia to ua to be in ge:ieral 

• VftLli.. tb.Sl. 

t TrliUn m* wrilkm ia tcnc b; Cbiwiien dg Trvjn. Tbe pniN ronuact 
■•■ Hnt prhilcd in I48P. 

X Pvibpnopn irti wnctrn in Pnnc-h in tlip nntflftb etntiri^, ucDrdlitf 
Xa L* Gnod : in ih> thiftrtntb, uturdinf to Roquvfurt. 

I Cfnnp<*rd-^hr to oUl it, wiili KUi^, RiUan, tiul otbcn, h rnnatitiaTj, 
waulil Im BUturil. IId* Klltk, whu \mA il I-^iI rent] \ji Gr&riil'a niui Whjt^* 
K«liliMiI, ctfiild ujr of Cticairo, E^bl he " htctiii lo bavc |{ivru ■ Jiltth/vX M 
I^IL M ipiriicil venivii of this old llidon «lorv," It auqirjiiii|f. If h Id tteX 
aw trualitloii, but a porm on th« ftdvenlum nf S^r l^unful, foimdrd ebl«fl^ 
«D the l^ii do LaDval iknd dp Onclont, In Man^ do Pjinc?, witb roni^dw%bl« 
oddkiioDi of Chr^tn'i onn inTrntinii. or dfnvtd Inn vlhti mu'««. Tfcf«A 
1^1 nil] b* conUdonni i-rnlor UiilUo;, 


tfn>CiI.B-AnB UOMAKCl. 

!nit Utti» uailcTstood. nuBelf , the structure of our old 
Th gliah vane, and the proper moiii: of ri'iidiiig it. 

Our (btvCttben, like their Gotho-Oenimn Vimlrod, rMU- 
lst«d tUeir veroe bv the niimbn' of iiccpnts. uot of myllftwa. 
Th« foot, Iheroforv, m wd ti-rm it, lui^ht consist of one, tw«^ 
three, or 4:Tcn four syllftblt-H, prunded it biul only one 
•troDxlj iuark(>d accout. Further, the acceut of u word 
might be Taricd, chicIlT by throwine it on the laat ajillubli-, 
M ntUArt for nature, ionoir for honour, i^tc. (the Itoliaiin, 
by the war, throw it back when tio ufui-nbi notnc into 
collinoD, M. Jl Potior Fido*) ; they also soundod what (hi; 
Franch call the ffinuninc e of tlM>ir wordx, as. In ofdf J^ii/et 
(^ th* fiin^ Ariour ; wid ho wull known tii'iMn:! thiif prai^ii-e 
to have bi-i-n. tliat the copyists did uot always write this t. 
relying on the skill of thp rrndcr to jntppiy it.t Thi-ru wo* 
ODljr one reetriction, uouuily, that it w»* never to eome 
belore n vowel, unleas whi>re there was a pnuHi. In tlji» 
way the poetry- of the middle ages wna juat as regular ns 
that of the prwcnt day ; and Chauepr, when property rrad. 
ia fully as hsnnoiiioua km Pope. But the editors of our 
ancient jwi-mii, with the eiceptiou of Tyrwbitt, seem to 
hare been ianeiant or reKardlfss of this prineiple ; and iu 
the Caiitt-rhury To)e« alone is the Teme properly arrauged. 

We vill now proinu'd to the unuIyMB of tlie romance of 
Sir I^uiiful- 

Sir Lauiifal was one of the knight* of Arthur, who loved bitn 
wdl, and made him lii:> ntf^wunl- But when Arthur married 
ths beaatiAil but fruil Gwtuuere, daughter of Ityon, king ol 
Ireland, I.uunfal and otiier rirtuous knif-hts Diariifcuted 
their diHsatisfuetion wh<-ti nlie vJune to court. The queen 
WM aware of this, and, at the Grot entvrUunmcnt given by 
the king, 

"nm ^UMit laf (pan) sUUa for the dodo^ 
I (told and silTor, prcdDiu 11(100^ 

^^L H(ir oourun t« ajrtha (ilUaO : 

^^H Bvvrloh* kntght ib* jnf Wo«ko othcET (or) rinf^ 

^^H Bat Sir laanal abc ■pS no thtu^ 

^^H That gnoTsd him auuiy a arths (titw). 

tl« «t, M itir fuae vb^ \ht (Irrrka put k jgrn-e ttiA mil mi tcnlv Htftfal Ofl 

^ Ai ibia Krmi lo he one oT th« l«l kru,¥0 will h«» kud <lKvihvE« oiKb 
I lb* frmmi^ir 4 ituil the tlungD vf uavi. P 3 


KU>»U:-Jt.<}B ROU.V<CCI. 

LAiinfnl, iinilor tho fi?it(nL-tl pretext of t1i« illuesa of hia 
fiithor, taVt« knvc of the king, mid retires to Kiirl^oun, 
where lie lives in groBt poverty, lljiving ob(:iinril the loan 
of ft horw!, one hnlydfty, lie rode into k fair forest, where, 
('vercomt! by Hie bent, he lay dovm under the shade of a 
tree, and tuedituted on hi« wrctohed stnt*. In this ditiintion 
he is attracted by the appronch of two liiir dnmai'-ls tipU'iididly 

Thoir fium wcra white u tmow on down, 
Tliflir ni'iv * tnis rml, Iheir •yuo wure brown ; 

1 >ww ijt^ver uoaii awiclic 
That iiuu Liiuv oCkuM a baslD. 
Tlint otlier a towel wbtto nod ttua. 

Of u!k that WW good lud ricbe ; 
Amt ktrchovtm wcTO wcli ikirc ((jair) 
Anld fftripfd) willi rich^ goldA wire — 

^Dsft] brgon to alchr — 
Thitj ocmit Vj liiiQ ov<<r tliv Ii-:>tli (Anuft), 
Be WW enrtflt. <in<J (wiiiisl tliem f{UBlh, 

And greet them mildDlicbo. 

Thej- greet him courteously in return. Bad iavite him to 
visit their mistress, whow pavilion is at hand. Sir Launfal 
complies with the invitation, and they proct-ed to where t)ie 
paTilion lien. Nothiug could ejeeed this pavilion in magni- 
noence. It was surmounted by an enie or eagle, adorned 
ivith precious stones ho rich, that the poet declares, nud we 
believe, that neither AleiAuder nor Arthur possessed " tiooo 
ewiche jewel." 

Ho found* In llio pavlloiin 

Tbc kiQgH daughtflr of OUrottli, 
Doinc TTynmour that hicht ; 

Bor f^tbcr wiu king of Fnfrio, 

Of ot-cicul*! let and niRb, 
A loMi of uucklo mijj;iit. 

The beauty of dune Tryamour was beyond ooaceptioik. 

For heat bar di»ll>^ down slie dede 
AlniQiitl to her girdle kIimIo iplace), 

Tium I07 ihe uncovcr't l 
She WW u whiti) 01 lily in Hty. 
Ot iDow tb»t BDowclh in winloc"* day: 

Ro fiuLgh iftv) never nooe ao pert {lirfl^ 

• Rudi — fomplnlon ; from rtd, 
f OtrieM—^rirlml or oe^nt Tkc Gu«d prukDlr; ttL 
Hm*; £a Ur irocami. The Spiaiudi H;r Mar Omaio, 

^•B>} ». 

Tbi TT-U imo, iirh<D alio U now, 
AniniA her r^iln ww luugbt of he* 
1 ■lam »pll wy in o«t ; 

Hut no luui iv<l« her .tltire. 

Ne naugbl well tliiuk iu hert (Afarf). 

This lovi'ty cinmp behtows her hcnrt on Sir T.nunfal, on 
condition of hia fiilrlitv. As murks of hi-r ufTty-'tinn, mlie 
pVM hiiu a uereivfaUinff pu»e aiid many other valuable 
pnwntK, nod diamiMM nim npxt niorrtinz n-itli th(^ assiir- 
■noe, thnt whpncTvr he wished to see her, nis wi»li woiilii hv 
((ratlfled ou vithJruniiig iiiti) & ]jmiite room, vheru nhe 
woiJd tnslantlv be witli him. This iiilbrmitlioD in ncroiii- 
|Mnicil <t ith n chnrgi; of prai(>und eecmcv pd thv subject o( 
Ihfir lov«. 

The knight returns to rourt, and aatonishe§ every one by 
lii* richM luid hi* inunificciicc. lie continues liappT in tlie 
lovfl of till) fair Tryamour, until an utitowunl n/lviTntimi 
interrupta his bliss. One day the qneen bi-lmhU hiia 
danrinf^, with other knights, before her ton^er, and, iii-spired 
with a sudden affection, mnki-s jimorons nrivanees to tiie 
hnight. These piiHimgr» iif love iin-- n'Cdivcd on hi» port 
with an indigtiaiit repalae, tu'conipanied b.v u di-clnnitioii 
more ffnthusiastic than politic or courteous, that his heart< 
WH giTiin to n dome, thir rnnhri>t of u hoop mnidcnx mrpa«ecd 
the quwn in beauty. The oflrufi.' thus given niitumlly 
eflW-tt-d an entire conTersIou in the qui'eii'ii stiilimciil.i; 
and, uhcn Arthur returned Atun hunting, like I'otipliar'a 
wife, sha chnrga Tiauiifnl with attompting hiT honour. 
The charge in eredited. and l}ie unhapjiy Knight ci)ndi)nmed 
to be buim«d alive, unless he shall, a^atnsl a oertaiu dav, 
produrt! thnt petn'lcM bfnuty. 'i'hc tittal liny nrrivcs; thu 

!|U«-n is ur«i'iil for the eiecution of the »cnt<'nci-. ivliiii ten 
itir damaeu, splendidly arrayed, and mounti-'il on white 
{Mtllroya, an dwcrii-d sdvanc-ing toward the pnliwc. They 
luinaunce the approach of their miatnss, who noon nppeorM, 
and by her beuuty justifies (he aaaertion of Iwrr kiiighi. 
Kir L«Hinfal is instantly set at liberty, and, vaultiue on ihn 
eouriKT hi* mintn-j* had hcstowt-d on him, and which wan 
held at hand by tiis n^uirv, he follows her out oftho tow7i. 

The Ibd; nxtfi down Cardavlto, 
FaiDtoajolif il^ 


Oliraua that hi^t ; * 
Evcuy y««r ujwn ■ wrinin dajr, 

Aud Llm VL1 with K>^ht> 
Hi' tiiM vrtJt tlim aifv \aiii\ jmtlt* 
To keep hit armts fru tlii; mate* 

lu turncniciit oilier for) %lit, 
Dof [ttrt*i) liB never fiutl^cr ^uu ; 
Tbon- lie Dili; find juath ii&od. 

With Sit liaun&l Ilia klUKht- 
Thui Lauufiil, witliouteu {Me. 
That QOblv kii)R)>t of till' lulliidd tabic 

W» biktri hiio t>u> f.icnv ; 
Siuw Kiw Iiini in tlii« Imiil no iiiuii, 
Vie r}t> nittm iif him U}li 1 nv cuu, 

VifT tmoiltt. vrillic^t I'vs^ 

No romance is of moiv importuioc to tlie present sub' 

Get tban tlio Hinrming Kuon ik- Ronlniiix.J (icnovnUj 
lown.M tlu! :<tut7 nliuiild Ik-, llirouKh Wii'lund'H porm and 
Mr. Siithul>^'B tnuialatioD. ve tnuit that we Rlittll be i-^i-ttoi-d 
far giviDft some possngcs trom tbo original l''r(.'nch rouance, 
as Le petit roy Oborpn nnpunr* t(i form n kind of connecting 
link bclircni tho &iries of roniaiuv and tbc Elves or Dw&m 
of tlio Tcutouio nations. Wben wo come to Oennatiy it 
will be our eudeavour to show bow the older part of Uuon 
d« Itordcitui bos been tukcu from tbe storr of Otnit in tho 
llclduaibuch, where tbo dwuf king Elberich performs 

* Ii li (UVBt* to And tbc Edfl'ih p«t fb4np'iig itie ATkloii at Ihc Lai ilt 
IatihI iDIo tho wU-known iiUnri of Olcmn. ll 1* nlhrr itnn^ too, Ami 
Hi. Ulu«n, nb* hu a no'e sn " Uliioun," did not natk* ibia. 

t Tfag Lli lod* ibm ; 

(M <<ma)li MX nil fn Anlm, 

C«D niit nvnnloal It Bniun ; 

Fin unp i>l(i ^ua mut 4«i bwni, 

I A fill mi li liitini^iviina, 

Xiil liumnm nvn ol siIili fitrlrr, 

Np jc-b iwn HI mtMtt cunlir. 
ti Gnclvnt i( It nid thftt tbc honw nf thr IcnijEbt iinA-T 14 rrciim initaATIy 
Iho TiY«r *h*ro he IiAl bit mjulrf. The Tr*t it Th»iiiji* f h»TrT'i Qm. IskoQ 
lirabubtj froni tbc »f lUltnuitn tinry in (Scrrme of Tilbun'. 

; lluuii. Hue. or llullfn (fui bv !• mllid \iy Ibcie ihm Duno la th* 
pMllc muknca) ii. there cm It liiilo •luulii. ihr uiiic j/rnna mili Yin king 
of flnrdrtm Ilk til? QiiAtre FLli A^iiiiffi. ■nvibrf coiirfifaitibii nf IIdoo dv 
Vllleneiin, ud KUh Lo Re Ivonc, pnm-e oi duke ef tiuiriiiiD in Baiinl* 
kdd iiniHKk Seethe Orl. Ion. I. L e. I". i<- 48. IClD^ue Cwti,r. v. M. 47 


n»trly the »aroe semcen to Otuit th« Oberoa does to 
Iluon. and thnt, ia fnct, the name Oberon is only Glborich 
»li«ht!v 9!tiTL-d.» 

lluon. our rewl^r* must know, enc-ountrrn in Syriu aii old 
f^iliowcr of his fnmilv named Gentsm^a ; aud «hea consult- 
ing witli him oil thr wtif tn [{abyloii li€ is informed bv bini 
that tht-re are Iwci poiiUs tii that city, the iinc lonj; und mtv, 
tho otiter short and dan^roua, fendiuK thniu^fh A nood, 
"which in niilivii lyngncs long, but in bo full of Fairip »nd 
Ktntiigr thtntia that fi:w penplL- pitas then? n-ithout being lost 
or Htopt. bocausi? (herewithiii dwellcth a kini;. Oburuu thd 
Fay. He i» but three feet iu height ; he in all huinpy ; but 
he hnth nn nngrlic face ; there is no mortal man who should 
H'fl hiin nho wouhl not take pleasure in looking nt hi:n, ho 
hath 80 fair a face. Now yuu will hardly Imn? uiitered th« 
wood, if you am minded to pM« that way, when he will find 
how to speak to you, but or a siirrty if you speAk to him, 
you are K>«t for wi-nnon', « ithout utpf ivlunnng ; nor will 
it lie iQ you, for if you pans thrtiii||;h the wood, whether 
Htraightforwards or ncroaa tt, you will always find hhn before 
you, nnd it will be imposnihle fur you to esenpc at all without 
HtH.'akiiifi; to him, for hta words arc: ho plvaiant to hear, that 
tnere is no living man who can escape liim. And if »o be 
that ho should see tiint you ar« nowise iDclined to spenk to 
him, he will be piwuing wroth with you. ¥oT bcforo you 
liavc! lelV the wood hi- uill cause it ho to rain on you, tobtoir, 
to hail, and to msike mich ri|jht marvi^Uoiis stomis. Uiunder 
wid lightiiiiic, that yon will think the world is piiu" to end. 
Then you will think thnt y<ni aee a grvat Blowing riter heforu 
you, wondrouBlv black and deep ; b^ kuow. nire, tluit right 

rsasily will you be able to go through it without wetting the 
fret of your horse, for it is iintbin^ but « phantom and 
enchantments tliat the dwarf will mnko for you, beeause he 
wishes to have yon •J.'ilh him. and tf it so be that you k-^ep 

Omit VM niipeHtl to h%yr bp«i writlm hf Walfntm vfin KAcltmiiWrH, 
In the rail} pan ul ilu ililiiwiib raiturr. It ii poolblj miich a^dir. Hiios 
lie Ilonlnui ma. It ii imH, wfliieo in French »rne bf lluon do ViUeuour*, 
HiiiB lime in ib» HDic c«ntuit. [i ilvn not ippcar in tbti liit af Huun S* 
ViHenfu^D** vuiiu jE'^vn bi Mont, dc HfH^uafort. At lb* rriil of [he proM 
TOBiMiw V* fere loM titst ii w*t UTitttn hi the AttAtt of Cbu1« tc'|;nruT d* 
Rochefurt, bnd evniplelrd on t1ia SSlb of J411UU7, 14^^ 



firm to your resolve, not to epeak to hiiu, yoa vtH bv (iiiijf 
able to Mcnpc-," etc.* 

Uuou for BOiiie time followed the sng© advice of Gerasuip*, 
uid Droidini Obcron W fayi'. TLe stornia of rnin and thiuidor 
conie on nn predicted, the inngic honi set them till daiietiig, 
aud at last tiio knight detennmed la await aud ai:<:oet tli<i 

" The Dwnrf Fay dime riding throiwh the wot>d, and «aa 
clad iu a robe so exceeiling fine mid rich, thai it would be a 
manrel to relate it for tiie great aud iiiarreUoua richoB th&t 
were upon it ; for so miicli was thpre of precious stones, tJiat 
the emit lustre that they cii«t wok like unto the sun when 
he Bhineth full clear. And therewithal he bare a right lair 
bow in his iiat, so rich that no one could value it, »o line it 
wtta ; and tlie arrow that ho bniv wio of »iich sort aud 
iiiauner, that there wua no beuot in the world that he wished 
to have, that it did not stop at that arrow. He had at 
hia neck a rich horn, which was hung by two rich strings o( 
fine gold."t 

* Qui « cfc lautt viiri linin, mtia Uiil cat pX%in tie Itrtie et ch«c rB(ran(it 
i)U9 ped dfl |«nt 1 p«Bf i]( qui aV koii'iti f*""!!!! oa armlei. pour re qiiv I* 
rfniuii dcuicure un ni, Olicmi Is l%yf. II oV que iioli pkili <!c htu'turt 
il «l tout bdBu : uiiiii i1 II nil liugc iii(elii|iit ; ll n'cit hoiiimr moiitl qm 
If TDjo <|iie pUiiii lie pnncRc ■ Ic ngudet Unl • bciu vliagF. Jn ti ml ne 
Km fntri'i t,a \>i>lt w ^i \h you\ei pwecT quM nc liomtt^ manhcrv dc piiltr 
i 'roue, li tln»i que t iu^ p4rl^i ptntn «riit ■ lotitjoiin >iim* jamali |i1iLi 
mviilr ; ne il no tcm «n vont, mr h |«t it IwJa patwl. «iiL tie long on do 
Invon, TOut le Iniuvom laiitjmm 411 d<TBDi <lo «iMa, ri voii* trr* &m- 
pauihle quo ncluppiff miilomfm quv ne parliri a Iny, mr tee ismUn tont 
unt pUlHnlia ■ nuii qn'il n'oii hmnmo aior'ol qui df In; le puioe (v-hiiiptr. 
Kl H chofevOBi qii*^! vn¥r que (iTi 111' Client ne ^leiiln ^i^ilrr n liiy,il trra niunlt 
trmU^ «nv«n *vnt. Cur avmil qup 1I11 linit ntri |arli vaiE« frn pleuvnir, 
vehtTcr, frrfilliT, et fajr« ai trrt-mf-tvueilUuE nnfi-k, lnnnrTrra, el r^rliin, 
quo advi* vout n-rm qiiu Ir DianJe doivp 6nir. Puui vuut tfi% jmIvi* que pur 
de\«ii1 Tuuk veriel (iiie ^rtncli! rivien cuunnle, uuire rl fifirfuiiilc % ][mnd 
nimvilfn : fntii mcIic>, aSfc, que lien 7 jioiiirec tllrt luiLa luuujilet li^i yifh 
■ lo fHtn ehB*k], «r ce n*Ht qrie fiLnru*nie eL enehAnleinrD* que le iitiii ^aiit 
ftn pour vout rnl'Tei ■vnir aver !ui, et >e ehute e» quo ti^en tenet prupui en 
voni do noit ptrler ■ luf, hken imuriri eh-liappti. eu. 

t Lo Noju Fee t'cn vint i-lic\iiiitliftiil p^r le boit, c1 titollveilu d'linr ri>1ilie 
•i trn-h«lle ol I'd!?, que nier^elllct •«» tr neompter pour la (mnd vt lurr- 
triilciiH rirhew que dr«ijt «lo]t, f»r Unt j ft»o)t do plerrei prcfii'iiten, qno 
III (iiiiid fUrW qn'ello jeltnienl olnit pnrolile nu •nidi ^nml 1' Inn hien 
ciftir. Kt airoc ee pnrloiE nn nmult liel urv en ton p'^inff, (unl nrlic lU^i nti n« 
Ic aurdt ntiuict unl tauit bnu. £1 !■ drtbt qu'il lutuii m 11 Ai isll* 

iiini)Mt-Aox Ktiuixet. 41 

This horn was wrouf-Lt by fuur Fairies, who had endowed 
it with itii mnrvcllouB proportics. 

Obpruii, on lirinKinf( lluoti to upttch, informcil him th&t 
he WM the son of Jiilius C»«iir. (uid the Itnlr of the IIiild<:u 
Jshiml, nft<Twnn]»i cnllod Oplinlouia, This lady's flret love 
hud ht-eTi Florirooiit uf Albnnio, n chiitniing young prinoe, 
but bciii^j obii),t-d to part from hiui. ahv uiarried, tmil hwl a 
win iiniiird iVpptanetniB. aftorwardg King of E^y'pt, who 
begot Alt'xuiiiiirr tho (Jn-jit, nho artcm-nrd* put him to 
<J«ith. Wi'von liundrt'd yeuTB liitirr. ('n-.iar, on lii» wnv to 
ThcuwOy, une cutortained iu Ci'plialouia by the lady «i thu 
iale, tuid \w lovod h<rr, for fhe told him ho trould defeat 
Poiupey, and ho became the fntlipr of OIktihi. Many a 
noble prince and noble fairy were at the birth, but ooe Fairy 
vraa unhappily not inritod. and the gil^ ahe gave wati that he 
should not Ki"W iiftpr bin third yrar, but repenting, the-- pivo 
him to be tho moal beautiful of nature's works. Other 
Fnirics khtc him the gift of penetraling the thoughts of 
mi-n, anii of triuuportine hini»i'lf and others from place to 
plate by a wish; and ttic fnrully, by like easy uienua. of 
raiaiiiK and n-niovuifr caattes, pidut^m. i^nlene, bniii|uet», and 
such like. He fVirther informed the knight, that bu was 
hingaiid lord of Mommur; and that when he should leaTo 
thia world hia sent wiw prepiiri^d in Paradise — -for Obcron, 
like his prototype Elherioh, wim a VLTlLahle Cliristian, 

Wboii after a variety of ftd\'witurfs Oherou eouies to Bor- 
deaux to till- nid of iluiin, and effects a reconuiliation 
between him and (.'burlt'inagm-, fae tells lluon that tho timo 
ia at hand that he should leave tliia world and take the aeat 
|wep*r«-d for hitn in Paradise, "en faprie np vein nlua de- 
meuivr." He din-ctn him to appRar before him within four 
ywn in hia dty of Mommur, where he will crown liim aa hit 

Here the Ntanr proprrly rndn. but an addition of conitidor- 
able magnitude ma beeu iiuule by a lat«r iiaud, in whioU tha 
rtory is carried on. 

>t)iiiy arc the ncrilH which ITiioti m<rount<Tt before the 
period appoiulwi Dv Obcron arrive*. At liingth, howorcT, be 

•«M «t muirrr, qii'it n'nlnil bnl* ■>■ oiondf qii'il nuiiit loiilialtir qu t 
ictMr flrfhc <l1r nn t'irmutt, II iToii i ion « I un richt cur, Ic^iicl caiita 
produ ( itnt lichi* utifhn Uc fin nr. 


Olid the fair Esclairmonde (the Beisia of Wielnnd) como to 
Momniur. Hen-, iii despite of Arthur (w!io, with his sister 
Moixuc III fiu!-e aiid & Iut-^o tniiu. arrives nl court, ttiid iii'ta 
him»clf in opposition to the will of the monarch, but U 
rcdiict'd to onier by Obcron's threat of turning hini into a 
Lui/ion de Mer*), Huon in etowncd king of all Fui-rii- " taut 
du pais dee Luylons eoiiirao des autri'a clioscs seeroU's roeer- 
v6c« dir« nux hoiiimea." Arthur geta tlie kingdnjn of 
Bouquant, nnd thiit wliicb Svbillit held of Oheron, and nil 
the FaericH that were in the plaiiLS of Tartnry, 'I'ln- good 
king Obcron then gm-e Iluon his last instnictionn, reeoni- 
mcndine hi* olfiorn uid seiraota to bini, niid cborzitig him 
to build ml abbey before the city, in the mead vHncb the 
dwarf iind loTod. and there to bury him. Then, falb'ng 
B*locp in drnth, n glorious troop of ntigela, E^cuttering odoura 
U the^ flew, coiiveyed Uia soul to ParHdise, 

laaie le Triate a probnblv one of th«i latoBt roniaQce&. 
certsinly poHlcrior to Hujn de Bortlenux, for the witty but 
irfbrtnrd dwarf Tronc, who in ko iinportunt n pereonnge in 
it, in, we are told. Oberou, whom DcHtJuy compelled to spend 
K certain period in th.-tt fonn. And we shall, tu> ue have 
promised, prove Obcron to be the handsome dnarf-kiiig 
Blberich. In Iiuie the Fueir ladten approHch to the Feei 
jf Rirrault. aiid Ikladame D'Aulnoy. Here, aa at the birth 
of Oberon and of Oeicr Ic Danois, they interest thomselTos 
for the new-bom child, ntid bestow their gills uiioii it. Tho 
description in this ruiuajiee of the uiauuer in wliicb the old 
hermit aeea them occupied about the infant Isaio is very 
pleasing. It was most probably Fairies of this kind, and not 
tho diminutive Elves, liiat Milton had in view when writing 
'.hese lilies : 

Good luok hrtiie tbee, noa, Tor, nt tlij birth, 
Tbe Yiery UdiU4 libiucud u^hjh lUu htJiutti. 
ThjdrowB; iiiinie liutli tMum nbc did Ibam iipj 
Com* tripping l» llie twoiu wliirc Uiou di<tu llo. 
Ami, swcetlj •iiigini; nmnd about tl:,v bod, 
filrew >il Uiuir blu(«nga oa tiiy mlwpiiig hotd. 

* Hid Hrt or 1puufarraftti«n ftppvan la hjitr bv^n ft uiu&l mrulo of puntth- 
Utf IP A F^Tj lutiL 1l mtj bfiBV conns inrta Cirrv, hut tbr ThouHorf Kttd 
Ufw Hifhu It full «r *iuh tnwItnmuwBi. F«r l-jj/taa et tutM, k« b*ltVi 


The dmcrii>tion of the Vergier des Fees in Iwiii? Ic Trinti", 
and of the beautiful valley in which it wa« situutcd, nuy 
riral in riiihnoiw iind Itixiiriiuinjr Himilar doscriptions in 
SptiDHer aiid the Italian [loets.* 

We hftvc now, wo trust, abundiuitlj proved our poiitiun 
of the Fnirio!( of mmnncc being, nt loftst at the commenfo- 
muut, only ' hiinijui mortals,' endowed with ■upiThuinim 
powers, though wi3 may perceive tliat, as the knowlL-dgi; of 
Oripntid fiction incrciuuMi, tlin Knirips began more and more 
In Mimmo the charackT of a di.itinet Bpecies. Our position 
wili acquire additional strength when ut t)ie eounie of our 
inquiry wi" nrrirc nt France and Italy. 

Cloif^lv ciitiufi'ttrd with tin- Fairien is th« [ilace of their 
abode, tlie region to which they convey the mortalH whom 
they lovp, 'tlic happy lond of Faeiy.' 

* Wa <!• oolj icqnaiBMd witb >bi* ratowo* tfaniut Mr. Dnnlor'a Miilja* 


1 1h» llltl 11114111. 
I b* f*<«w k DiRfaiT Idnc 

AM mt/Bj % Mr ud fncnnt nlUuik 
BIuuidId^ in tnimoTtAt Jfrlma. 
By gt-ta* af E4Dn *w IVandd, 
(l«iu Iha monnnh'a Mgti Bimmjind 

T. Wrinr 

Auova all nationB the miiture of py aiiu [laia, of exqui* 
ritsdfflight and intonse iniecry in the prespnt stntc, has M 
tiie iiDOgiuatioti to the conception of rrgion!> of unitiixed bliss 
deatincu for the repose of tlie good nftrr tin- t<iiU nf thin life, 
and of t'liiiies wlnTre liappiiMWs |>rf vtiiiti. tin^ ubode of bt-ingB 
superior to man. The imaf;inntioii of th(? Hindoo paints hia 
Sivi-rgnu n* ' profunr of Mi»*,' mid iill ihc j'lvii of ^cunp nrv 
colltH!(A'il into the Parniiiw.' of tht' MuiiBuliniui. Tlie P*r»iiui 
lavished the riclips of his faiiov in raising the Cities of 
.TcwpU luid of Amber that ndom the ri'iilmn of Jiiint-atiin ; 
the ro!iiaiic'(T eriM'ttd castles and imtiu^t'ei filled uitli kaightai 
and Indies in Avidon aud in thi> laud of Faerie : while the 
llRllrnic hnrdd, unused to pomp and glare, tilled thoElvsinn 
KieldH mid thu Islimd of the Rlest with tepid palea and 
brilliant flowera. We diiU! cpiuU- without apologv two 
bciintif'iil pnwinges from Horuer and I'indar. that our readers 
iimyat ow-view sntiafythpniKeivrsof the (tsKcntiul diflorencft 
betwet-n elHsaio a>ul miimntic imiifiiiintiou. 

In Homer. Proteus t(<Us Meut^laus that, because he bad 
had the honour of being the son-in-law of Zcui, ho should 
not die in " horae-ff nding Argox." 

But the* tbo evET-living goda nitl kd'I 

UdUi Ibe Bljartm plain and diitout bontiils 

Of Bkrth. whinv dwiilliith fiur-hair*d ItliwltuaMithuib 

T1i(ii« urn it «i*imt uutu inaa i du niuw. 


Or wiiilr; Htnnii, ir niii. ■( aiiy liiiM, 
Im thorii ; but 4YfTmic>]« tZL4 iJocAij •rrlidfi 

Tb« liaLUuiU.— (M. It. Mi. 

Thta pamag« is find]' iinitAtcd by Pindar, an: connected 
with that nohlc tuui; of peiittivi! nioralitv, au akin to Uie 
OrionUl ipirit, and b_v vhk'h the * DJrcKOii Sirao* u di*- 
tiinguiahea from oU liia fcllon's. 

Th«j ^Md Ouir «^ 
To Krone*' [oIih*. whm aicniDd 
Tk« Uuid of tin BiMt, the ain 
Of Ootan brtMbo, md goldra Bowcn 
Blue 1 nnw on lind 
l^m Bhinini Itm^ Mid otbvr kind* 
Th« w>ur tr&U. Of ttmM 
Oarluidti uul biaocUU round tUcIr onn* titey bind. 

BiMaik tfa« ri^iteon* pnr 

ILuCKtiut has tRuiftrcnvd tlicse fortunate fiuhU to th» 
pcrior rwtionH, to form the abodi* of hU fainratu, Eoda j 
>nd Vir|;il iias placed tlioin, with additional poetic splenaour, 
in the bospm ot the i-nrth. 

Widely liilVt-rviit from ihi'se ealm witl [>eucfful abode* of 
pvted niLiriora are the Faeries of the miiistrelB aud ronian* 
ten. In their e;i-K, niul in thoKr of their aaditon, iiothuig 
wu beautiful or ginuX divcnttd of the pomp and pride m 
chiTiJn- ; aiid chivalry ha», aocordingly, etityred di-cjily into 
tbi; ooiiiifOBiliou of their pictures of thcsp ideal realms. 

The l'cerir'« of nmiiiiici- may Iw liividt'd into throi' kind* 
Aralon, plMrd in the ocean, like the Inlund of the Blent; 
IhoM that, like the palnoc of Pari Itsnou. are within ths 
earth 1 and, Imtly, tfiiwi-' that, likr Ohpron'a domaiiLi, nro 
situate ' in wildeniesa uuiuuc the holtia hairy.' 

or the catitle and isleof ^valon,* the abode of Arthur and 
Ob«ron, and Jlorguc In fnT<', the fullest dencription is to be 

* Anlgn in* piriupt tb« Itlud at the Blnl, of Cclllc uflliglntT, *od 
thiB tbc aMe of tb* Kt», ilimiixh th« Br*un Xarrigin. Writetk UoxriM, 
ttmm 10 ba oiuiiiniau* in ir^Kniing Lt fedd OlHioobiirj' ■■ ibo ■■nof pl*f«k 
calM (II lilt, li i> 101*11, II liriug nad* onrlj loch W Iha " ilier*! raibn(»> 


rxiBT i-urv. 

ftero iu tbe romance of Ogicr lo T>jtnoiB, from which, ta ' 
know uo sure quarter Uut tbe work ilwlf to refer to for the 
part coniioct«d with the preaent subject, wc will mako some 

At the birth of Ogier several Fairies attended, who 
beatowed on bim various gif^. AmoDs thi'm was Morgue 
EaPayc, who gave him thnt he shouldbe oer lovpr and friend. 
Acoordiii^ly, when Ogior hftd long distiiiguishi'd hiuisi'If lu 
lore and war. and hod attained his hundredth year, Iho 
iiir»ctiouiit<^ Morgue thought it was time to withdraw him 
from the toil* and dan^r? of mortal life, aiid tr«i3[>ort him 
to the joya aiid the reposu uf the castle of Avaloo. In pur- 
suance of this design. Ogier and king Cnntheu arc attacked 
hy a iitorra on their return from Jerusalem, and their veaseld 
Heparttted. The bark on which Ogier was " floated uloug the 
*ccs till it came near the csstle of loadstone, which is called 
Iho autlc of Avnlou, which is not far on this side of the 
lerreBtrial jjaradiae, whither were rapt in a ilumc of firi' 
Knock aiid Hi'liaB: and where wilh Morgue la Fave. uho al 
hia birth had endowed him with great giftti, noble aud 

The vi-jHi-l is wrecked against the rock ; tlu) provisions 
are divided ainon^ the crew, and it ia agreed tli&t everr man, 
M his stock fnilen. should be thrown into the sea. Ogier'a 
stock holdn out longest^ and he remains nlutie. Ue is nearljT 
reduced to dt-fipair. when a voice from heaien cries to him ; 
" God commjindcth thee that, as soon as it is night, thou go 
unto a castle that thou wilt see shining, and pons from bark to 
bark till thou he iu an isle which thou wilt find. And 
when tiiou wilt be in that isle thou wilt find a little path, 
imd of what thou maveat see within bo not dismayed at aoy- 
thine. And then Ogior looked, but he saw nothing-"! 

When night came, Ogier recommended himself to God, 

npRL" ll ni ouim4 AnloD, m an- u>i>!, tnra ibc Uriilih mnl Aral, tii 
■p|il«, ai it (hnuiidiid «ilh archinli i >nil I'nyi garjidnn ; Suun GUfCn-^, 
llu*; lilc 1 Ijiin, CiliutDiiii, fnm Ibo grrrD hue ol thr nlfr rurTDiindingft. 

* See Tbln tpd pTtpuliir t'iciii>n», rh. ii., foT ■ fiiribrr annunt of O^iflr. 

^ Taa: nifA m mrr t^u'il KrrJTf pm jin rhAnlpl daimmit qimn nnaive Is 
fhiitvAU (UvmlUii, qui iirtf ifiirm Jem |Brt^LB (ctxT'ifT U on furrnt TVi* en 
line njr it (eu Enoc rl Helje. el !■ ou eitoii Moiflue U ftre, i)ui > •■ usU' 
MMV lui iiTWt donne At fmtdi don, notln cl rcnneui. 

2 Diea U suodc que A lottqueKi* auilque lu ulln en uu|(tiulm) <)IM 

tuar LisTD. 

taA seeing the castle of loodstono all resplendptit with li^ht, 
he went from one to the other nf the vnwclfl tliat were 
STwkrH thrrv, itiid ki got iuto the uJaiKi w-lieru it wiu. On 
UTtTiDg at the gate he foiuid it puarded by two fierce lion*. 
fie slew them and ratrrrd ; nnd ninking his n-ny iDto a hul^ 
(blind K horse sitting iit n tuble richly Hupplicd. The rour- 
leou* Klimal treats him with the utmost rvspec-t, nii<l Die 
■tarving hero m^kps a hearty Fupppr. The horse then pre- 
niU on hhn to get on hiH back, and carrien him into a 
■ploDdwl chamber, where Ot^ier aleepa that night. Tho 
noKie of thia horw is Papillon, ~' who vaa a liuttofi, and 
had been a great princf, hut king Arthur coni]Uorcd him, w 
Iw WM oondemnMl to be tiiree hundred ycAra a horse with- 
mt ipealung one eiut>l« irord, but aft«r the three hundmt 
ream h« was to bare the crown of joy which they wore in 

Next raoniing be ewmot Sud PupIUoo, hut on onming n 
door be meets a huge lerpent. whom he oIhu nliiyn, and 
follows a little path which loads hint into an orclmrd " taut 
bci et taut plniwint, que eestoit nng pi-tit pamdis a veoir." 
lie plilrk" nn nppli! from one of the trees ta.d vntx it, but it 
immediuti-ly afft-'led by such riolont eicknetis an to be put 
in tear of ap^-dy death, lie prrpnn^H himself for his »t«, 
regratting " Ic bon payn i!i! Frutift, lo mi Ohnrlemsigno . . , 
Ct princtpaUemeut la boune royue dutiKleterre, Ka bonne 
espouse et vraie amio, ma dnme Clnrice. <jui tant estuit hi^litt 
et noble." While in thia ilolomus stnti-, hnnpeiiing to turu 
to the euKt, he ^rceived " uue moult bdle dame, touts 
vealue de blane, si bien et si richoment aomee que ce>toit 
inut f^rant trinmphi? ^ue df la veoir." 

OgiT, thinking it is the Virgin Mary, commencwt ao Avej 
but the lady lells liim she ia Morgue la Pave, who at his 
birth had kisi>rd him, nnd retuined him for her loyal amoureui, 
though forgotten by him. She plaecn then on his iingcr s 

M nnu luix, Fl puif it l*lr*u *a bMHU tani que In nit* tn OM laU ^oa 
!■ muvtfiA. Ki i)iiaiid tn tfru m lialv la imurvFu fi» fctiie bpiim, *I 4m 
dkflte ^ut lu v«in Itwu De (T>b&hi> iv Hen. El uIddc Optr rripjit mail tl 

■ I^vtl rMotl luluin, M trmt «le sng irnnl ivinea ; wail la nri AtlM i* 
co^vbc, id futi cosdonpiif % mrt trolt cem mt chenl mat pvlcr ung Ion 
Will DM I D»h »tfn In Imli am ui, il dnott anir U «ii«uuM ■!■ )e)'t d* 
bfwU* il* wviral «i fwiit. 




ring, which remorus all ioiiniiit^, aad Ogier, « hundred 
years old, retiims to the Tigour and beauty of thirty. She 
now leads him to the ciutle of Avnlon, whcra ncro h«r 
brother king Arthur, itnd Auberoii, and Mnlloiibron, " nng 
luitoD do mcr." 

" And when Morgue dn-w new to tbp eaid cAittlc of 
Avalon. the Fajd fume to meet Ugier, singiiiH; tho moiit 
inetodioualv that ever could be heard, so he eulered luto tU« 
hall to solftcc liinisplt' completely. There ho saw tcvtrnl 
Fay Indies a^iorned (tnd jill eronned with crown« mi>»t 
Buiujituuuflly made, and vt-ry rich, aiid evvnuore thiy nuag. 
danced, and led a right joyoug life, without thiiiKing of 
any evil thing whatever, but of takiug their inundailo 
pleasures."* Slorgm- ht-re introduces the knight t« Arlhiu-, 
and ehe places on his head a crown rich and splendid beyond 
iMtimution, but whith ha& tho Luthcan qimlity, that wnoso 
WWITB it, 

Forthwith liia former stale and being foi^cu. 
Foi^gcU both Joy and gnef. plcwon; and pain ; 

for Oeicr instantly forgot country and frienda. He had no 
thiMight whatever " ui de la dame Clarice, qui tart estoit bells 
et noble," nor of Giiyon his brother, nor ol" his nephew 
tintithicr, "mc dr cn-tttiint vivautc." Ilia davii now rolled 
on in Dcver-ccasing pleasure. " Sueh joyous pasliuie did 
the Fay ladiee make for him. that there is no creature m 
this world who could imacinc or think it, for to hear them 
aiiig 1(1 KW(>ctly it aecmed to hiiu acluuUy that he was in 
I^ulise ; HO tlie time paaeed from day to day, from we«'k 
to week, iu such lort that a year did not liut a month 
to him."t 

* Ki quuu! M<ir|vc tpfivfTiA du *ih chut»u. In Fb« flndrfint ftu dfiTAiti 

Jrd^iit U iiiIJf fwuT »«ttpdutre loUtlem^iil. AHrnirTiBi pfiiiinim dainnPHtN 
»oui(im «l luuwt nmrruDDCf* de cAUrnunc* irmamplurEivrmrnt fAJctd, 4t 
muuli rifb<<h fi ^ul i^ur chiniairni, danioirni, nt tnvitcjivitc vie (KajDyrioc, 
■ftDt peD*rr ■ IiiiIIq qurlconqor' mrichuitf rJin», (un pnuidre Icun uaoudkiui 

^ T»nl de JqjtiuU |uiiiclrtnpa lui Tiutctcnl lea lUmti V%ett, qutl nnt 
tnatutv ro r0 mvmtr qnii Id ucuaL iuiAgiucr ur pCf»ct« rv In ouir u douin- 
vivni fh4ni« U liii Kmbloit pnjprcmcnl quil fut en Pamjtt, il fjMwlt temp* 
d« jiiur 9n jaur, dc wpisaiuc cu K^tutiat, uUemcDl ^u» uq| «■ m \iti ilunll 


I ung ifjDjf, 


rAiur LABO. 


But Ataloii wiut iiLill on nuth, and thnvCore ita bliss "vu 
uot utiniUoJ. Otic day Arthur look 0((itr »»iili?, nnd 
infomied hiiu tliaC CapaliiH, king of the LuitouA, iuceeti&utly 
■fXttlKkcd tlj(! wuitlp i)f Facrio witli ilcnigii to "jci't king 
Aitbur (mm its liumiiiiou, uuil waa at^t-uHtuuied to }M>tictrati? 
to the bum court, callios od Arthur to como out aiid 
ffngnen tiisi. Ogicr lutkna pctrmiimion to cncountor this 
forutidiible penouHtfi', wliii^ Arthur willingly Kriiit<^il' No 
eooncr, houovcr, did Capidiis see O^i^r than he fturrHudier«d 
to hilB ; and tlic kiiiglit had the mitiditiiction of Iciuling liim 
into tbc ctuitli!, luid rocouvUiue him to its iubiibitiuito. 

Two liuudtvd years piused awav in these doli^bts, aod 
seemed to Ueirr but tw<mt/ ; (jWlcmoiKno iJl hi* 
lineage bad &uLcd. and even thi! nuM ot' 0;ii('r wuj> (ixlini:rt, 
whra tbe Payniius LDraded ]''mnce and Italy in vast numboTB; 
and MorgiiD no lougt'r thought hnmoirjustilicd in nithhold- 
ing Ogicrr fivro the delVuce uf thi' faitn. Accordinglv, she 
one day took the Lotheau crowu from ofT his head ; iiuuie- 
diatolj all his old idcu rushed on his mind, and intlaiDed 
him with nn artknt dtwirc to ivvisit hix couatrv. Tlio Faiiy 
gave him a bnuid which wan to be preaerved from buniiuft, 
for so lon^ as it was unconsumcd, so lone should bin lifi> 
ext^rnd. Sho ndds to hnr gift th<! honio Pnpillnii iirnl his 
ooinrade Benoist. " And wTieii they were both HiouoUd, ull 
the ladies of tho cnetle came to take leave of Ogior, by the 
eommttiid of king Artliur and ()f Mi)rgun In Favc, and they 
■ouuded an aubiulp of uititmnieuta, the moBt melodious thing 
to hear that over vru» liHtened to ; then, when the aubade 
wiw fininhfd, th<'y nunc with th^^ viiifv iio nieh)di<ni«ly, that 
it was a thing so nielodioua that it ac«med actually to Oj-iix 
that he waa in I'anwlisc. Again, when that was over, they 
sung with tho instrumentd in such awcot eoncordanec tliut 
it seemed rather to be a thing divine thou mortal."* Th» 

* Ki ijunil ill tamiX Uiu> il«nx mootM, MaiM In Itmf Aa <1iut«iu 
vIrHjrciil ■ !■ drpAttir dogifr, pir V mmmnndKDFnt dil n>i Artut vl 6m 
Mor^fim I4 fdc, et fimncinrii una Aubvlr< ilinntriijbni't, U plt» larliKhe^Uk/- rlio*« 
ft *llir '{tia on (UUJiiiit jiritklH; pni», i'imTifl[]fl achct^t, thtt-titrtwnX Jn jfDfHf" ■* 
UelodicuicuiDiit que caliiL und diciH ai nkoliMU^u^ ijik- ]1 uiirbbltni ^trui'H- 
B«BI ■ 0|U( iiui] tMvli (0 Pindli. De nctiicf. ccl* Riii. iln iluiiwrrat 
■ntqan It* InitiniDCOt fu il daulc* (ounrduicc full Kmbluii uLculx cboi* 
iiiiam qoc hamunc. 


r^lBT LiSO. 

knjgbt then took t^ave tA ab. and a cloud, enveloping li 
anit hU coinpnoiun, rnisi^ them, nnd vet thrm dawD bj a (sir 
fiiuutoiu Dear Montpellier. Osier diaplftys bta andent 
prowess, route the infldelii, and ou the death of the Ung is 
OD the point of fiepoosmg the qupcu. when Morgue nppenre 
and talwa faini haai to Ar»lon. SinL-e then Ogiur baa uerer 
reoppearod in this world. 

Nowhere is a Faerie of the second kind so fidly ftnd 
L'ircumetuQtiiUIy di-soriU-d as in the beautiful nnnauco of 
Orfeo and IleuroJis. There are, indeed, copious extracts 
from this poem in Sir Walter Scott's Essnv on tht l-'oiries 
of Populiir Superstition; nnd we have no eicuBC to offve 
tor repesliiig whut is to be found in a work so uuiversally 
liiHuscd .IS the Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border, but that 
it is of nhnulutc! ncocimit; for our purpose, and thiit ronuutio 
poetry is rarely uuweleonie, 

Orfco and llcurodis were king and queen of Winchester. 
The quwti huppt^tiinf; one day to ulrep under an yinp* tna 
in the paUtv onihnrd, i>iim>iinded by hur attendants, liad m 
dream, which she thun rt^ktea to the Idug: 

A* I Isj tlii* uiKluctiil* (nftcmarm) 

To tilueji tuutrr ttin brcbiiTd-sidf . 

Tbere uunc Ui me tw>o tain kniglites 

Well ormycd aUc rightcfl^ 

And bods mo conif witbunt IrttlDg 

Tu s|KMlii with tbi-ir lird llio king; 

And 1 vuiW-r*4 witli nnnlh boliU 

Tlial t lie dunU iiu I iioMq : 

FmI ii^n tlieji ran ((fief] ilrivii, 

TItvii •MiM their klngt nil iu> bliva (fN^I} 

Witli n tlioiMuid knighia uiil mo, 

Aod witli ladles fifty lUio, 

And HdcD oil on EDov-wlut^ stcedo^ 

And Eilfo nliiU' irpre tlMir wcodofti 

I ary (mn') arrvr stth 1 was boriM 

So (lire kuiglil^ me by ftrme. 

Ths kiu^-i) liikd H CIUM1I (ttt hia liw^ 

it WM nut ailitfr ae gold rud ; 

* Imp tf»* It » gnft»3 tne. Sir W. Statt qiieriw Sf ii b« not » 'nt «««• 
■Hniril tn thn in][i4 nr flpnitK U^il imp ihtt vik«r «d rulyP A ET^flfKl lit* 
ioA [wrhapB tha Biiic nUiivb ta tliD KAirin ibkt ilis lindea fa Oonutnjr uid 
■k KHth lud lo iLe dmrfh 



JUI il vM or pr«<Kni> Uaoo, 
l» tnghl •> aw ianncOh it ritona. 
All «] KMm ha to ma taiaa. 
Wold I, Dold E bft nM naiiM (Ma^, 
Aad w*iU CO* witli hiia tv\a 
Ob • wUU pilltvT l)]r liU nidii. 
A»d brMi^ na In to hi* ptU^ 
Bight vwOydlgbt WW aU ririn 
Ba ibamd na ohIqI* and toniM^ 
HaadowK riran flalda Kid flown^ 
Ani bia fe w ta araricha oiWi 
And wtb ha bnniglit mo i^ii bomo. 

'The btiy-kiniT onJen her, vaiet a dreadM penaltr, to 
Mirait him nert monung undor tbe yTn|) trc«. Her kutlMiiiii 

id t«Q littndKid IctiigbU ataml in arin> round tlin irtv to 
>t«ot her. 

And yat amiddii tham full tiithi 
Tka quMBi WW vw»j j-twlRhi (moMM) j 
With FUhj forth T^OM (Mlva) ; 
Mm wiat oavor vhiro aha iriui bvMnie. 

Orfec in deapair Kbuidona his tlironp, and T«ttn>« to tli« 
wilderaCM, when be (oImm himself witk hia harp, thnriniug 
witi) his mielodjthe wild 1>«*8ts, Iba inhabitants ol the spot. 
^ft«D while her«, 

na mlKtiU MO him bc^dea 

OA hi Tiot undoitiitca 

Tha king o[ Fhaiy •>!& bia rout 

Oeme to Imnt him all about, 

VHh dim oy md blowing, 

And bonndaB alto witL bim twkfiiK, 

Ac ^nO DO baaaW tbey no noma. 

Ha oatar ha oiM wbitiicr thajr Iw oona; 

Awl sUwr whlla ha mifiht Ihoiu »o« 

At ■ p«at boatt fa]r hint lOL* 

Van atownad tan kosdiad knli^tM 

Buk well jrwnad to faU rigbto. 

Of oooMlananct atont ■>><] 6oko, 

mth rnanr fi^hjrM Umirn^ 

AJtd outi his awonl T-dran* bnM ; 

Ac never be aralt whiUMr tbaf trold. 

Aad otharwhila ha aaucli (fli otbar ihlnft 

E^Ua «k1 Iwradla iVIt4 eoina daDudiiff 

tirfy, cape, cvdo (Ows iMmX vhanct Nif , t inal. 

■ 3 

OnAt put uiJ witaij. 

Tthoxa* uid tnimpdi g»di (wM) biu bf , 

And ilU miAon ulnatraqp. 

And OD ft iaj bo aDJ^ hm bcsiil* 

Billy )av«dii on hm» nil*. 

OcatU and jolif aabrid oa iJ« (KMosinMeUh 

Nouglil <i (i"v) iiiui uiiuiiBn iiDin Iher aia. 

Ami eii^h a Ikuoouii ou bfmd bus, 

Aiid ri>lf II ou baukro by o m^. 

Of Euas dicy fouiid wall good Imiint, 

UaiWdc^ bcron, Uid oonumuub 

The fowli* cf tlio WBter luucth, 

Bioh bumun them wall Jsiiiwtb, 

UmAi thuonut hi* i^nji atougli * (•!«*)- 

Aniong the Indies be recoeuiseit Iiis lost qu^en, tad L 
drtorminc* to follow tliem, and nttempt her reaciw. 

In at ■ roclic (rock) the lovcdia rulstlb 

And bo uSieT mi'l nought obiiJcth. 

Whoa bo will iji tho ixiuho ^^go 

W«I1 tkrse nulct otiior lori uio, 

H« nunc im-> r fur txiuitiAr 

Aa bright Hoociiie ciuniueni iaj, 

Batoolii Hid (iIhiu uid ulli ];iv»n 

Hill DB dale ruu iiqqb j-te*a, 

Amlddle tha load • coatol he ici(^, 

liich uid real nnd woDdcT bigb. 

Alii tbo utniuEli wall 

Wna clear uiil sluiil uf matol. 

An liiiiuired towen tiuin nrv kbou^ 

liiTyuuwIiuli wid babiilud «t4>iit. 

Tbo butCnui voiiiu out uf Uie dilcb, 

Of redo gcild y-anjlioJ ruU. 

Tbo bouAoar wild Emowed all 

Of oBcli nuuicro diTcnc ""'""^V 

Within tboru wcie widt woucs 

All »r |>rcoiutis gtuiioi, 

llicr woratc pdbLT Ui bf^ltoM 

Wan all >>f biiniiatiud giil^L 

All tlmt lend wuH uvnr liglit. 

Foe whoa it aboulJ bo tburk I/Im'L) and uight, 

* Balll« prnUUT knew nolhlnn of Orfra uid Ilftindli, nn I thf f*iTf 
Tlilon In the MinicttI (» drwm ihit would nner Ibt* otcurrd lo iny 
mloMwl) WW aBrit»d frnm Iht Fluwir uid li» Lwrf, Drtdao'i, not ChiucetX 
for Iho pnonigri in th« Ultsr uv d«1 oJlod fairin. Ip niillici Mt 
tb*7 IClveh 



Th» ricM rtOnl* }ictitt goniio (yi'nU*) 
Bright u dotti at nniiiig ths ■ouiia. 
No mui DUk; Ull na think tn thought 
The rivbi work that thsro wm wrought 

Orf(s> Rinkr-* hi> way Into thin piiWc, nnd t>o chnrms th« 
kiug Kith hb tuiustruUj', Uml he ^iven hini tiiu.'k hin tcifu. 
They return to "Wiucbeatur. and then* reign, in pcate and 

AuothiT iustauce of this kind af F<.<<;rie nmy be *ocn in 
Thomns the Kyiuor, but, restricted by our limits, w« muat 
omit it, nnd puaa to tho tn»t hind. 

Sir T!io|ia9 was written l<i ridii-uk' the romancnnr; iti 
incidents must therefore aecord with theirB. and the Feeriu 
in it in fnot roBcmbles tiio«P in Huon Av })ord«aux. It has 
the farthpr mt-rit of Imving siigitrstcil incidents to Spen*or, 
and jiechaps of having given thi? idea of a uueeu regnaute of 
i'tury Limd, %r 'J'hopns m chiMte as UraeleDti 

Full mmi^ a maid* bright in hour 
Tlinj mourued (or him par aotmr; 

When Ucm »ute bote to ilupu ; 
But he m* ctuuita aud no Iwhour, 
And awoot oi in the bnunblo flour 

Tlwt bcrcth tho nti lictpc 

Ho wun therefciFL' a mutablo object for tlie lovo of a gnntin 
elf-queen, So Sir Thopaa one day " prieVelh through a fain* 
forest" till bo is wctiry, and ho then lit^s down to ilccp on 
tho groM, whuro ho (lre«n> of an (^If-qui-t-n, and Awakca, 

An vUijuoiiiii wol I love, ynjt. 

All otbvr womvn I fonmk*. 
And (o ui air<iue«ii T me tek« 
Uj iSnio nDil uku by liowu. 

lie dcttTmines to sot out in quest of her. 

Into bil nedel bo clombc aeon. 
And prlckod orcr ntyic and itone, 

Aa «lf-«>ene fur to npic ; 
mi bo » Ions hod tiddcu and gme. 
That h« found in ■ privM wone 

The cuuntno of narioi't 

f The "eooslrit of F>eii*,' itulel Id ■ "frittc mne," pklnljr aeHrd* 


Wh«mo bo sougliU Dortli nnil wuttu 
And «A ha epird nitli hie mouth 

In muf k ftoTst wiI<io i 
For in ttist coiiutn« (i*u thvni nous 
That to liiia dor^t nJe or ^n, 

Neither Wit Qs clulda. 

The " grct giaunt " Sire Otiphaunt, howercr, informs hit/i 

H«re i* the quono o( Firfrio, 
With hiTpe uid pipv nod lumphoiuSi 
Dwelling in thii pUo*. 

Owing to tite fsBtidiuusaeas of "mine ko«te," we are 
unabli' to leam how Sir Thopns fared n-ith the df-queen, 
nrni we have probnbly lost a aipious description of F»iry 

from tbe glimmering of the morning star of Engliab 
poetry, the transition is rntiiml to its meridino splendour, 
tlic reign of Elizabeth, and we will now make a few remarks 
on the poem of Spenser. 

nitiri wiih th« F>vn«i of Itunn dci Donduux iLu wllh Anion, a* ib» nfin 
iou wbiil DwiM Hvurodu H Ukn, 


A bnnr liuly nffvcr Iripl od Und, 

W1iH*vtRiiM tiy ha mlo *> «r1iLnn bt<m 
Thai tlDa ibill nil hsrUiti rnlKci'i-il tury. 

fVklKO tii« eiitoeiith centurF the study of clonsical iit^r^ 
ttirc, which opened a new field to iTniifinntioii, niid gave it • 
now impulMR, wm cBgcrly and vigorvuidy piimiied. A cImmc 
ardour wiw widely naA extenaively dilVua<.-d. Tlin cotnpoii- 
twns of tii&l »ge inceMiaiitly imitate aiid nlluie to llie 
bratitifi nnd incideiilii of the writings of ancieul Greece 
uid Borne. 

Yi>t aniid tliis dJITuiuou of clawic totite aud ktiowlcdg<r, 
romiuicc had bv no means lost its iufluoncc. The blach- 
U-ttirr iMtgex of I^ncclot du l>iw, Pcrcoforert, Mort d' Arthur, 
and tbtt other romiuicvn of chivulry, were still listeticil to 
with K^tma *ttfiitioii. when on winter-eveuinga the family 
of th(i good old kiiigbt or baron ' crowded round the anijile 
ftre,' to hi-AT thoiu iiuulo vocid, mid probnhly no smnll degree 
of credt'iiee wan Kiten to the woiiih.-nt they recorded. The 
paiiMon for allegory, too, reniaiued unabated. Fine moral 
webd WMV woToa mtm the fragile thn^nds of the Tnnnmnrnto 
utd the FurioBO ; wid even Twao wu obliged, in comjiliunco 
with tlie reigDinc t.i«ti?. to eitract an allegory from hia 
dirinc poem ; which I'nirfm. when translating the Jerusalem, 
vaa csreful to prawrve. Spcniwr, tlicrefore, whon dMiroiis 
nf eoDsecratiDg his geniiu to th« celebrutiDu uf tlm ^luric* 
of tho miuden nrign, and the raliant warriors and grave 
Btalevmen who ndomiid it, hiul hi'j matoriiUi reiuly niv- 
pBTcd. l/airy-hujd, as described by the roniiuicer!i, guve liim 



• Bcen« ; the knights and damca with whom it wm peopled. i 
acton ; and tt« court, it« nnuinm, and unagiw, a focilitjr or i 
tmiiifi-rriiig thither wbatvrer real ereata might suit hiii 

It u not M^ to aay pontivoly to whnt romance the poet 
WM vhicllf jndehtcd fur hi* Fa«ry>laii<l. Vt'c miglit, pt'rhiip!), 
Teiitun* tu conjectxurw that hie principal authority ksb llui'>n 
d« Bordeoui,which had been traDBhttcil tome time before hv 
Lord tlvnicni, and from which it i« inont likely that ^)li^e»> 
pcarc t«uk bin OberoD, who van thus removed from the 
reaiiDH of romance, and hrought back antong hi« real kindred, 
tho dwjirfif or elves. Kptmner, it in (evident, was iicijitiutiti-d 
with tbii romance, for he tiaya of Sir Quyuii, 

He wu HD «18n bom of noMo stale 
And uuaklB wunhip in lu> iintivv lsn<1 ; 
Willi CTJiil<l lie tounmj uid iu li"tii ili>l>iit«i 
Anti krngljthciiHl Uttik ttt ^WfdSir Humt't hflad, 
^VllVll wEtla KiEt|£ Ubvruu he <;*uie to FHirr-lAiiiL 

'Bii. v.l.»L»L 

And hepp, if sach n thing wetf to bo heeded, the poet 
eommitx an aniurhroiiism in making Sir lluon, who slew the 
soil of Chttrlem»KW. a eouteuipornry of jVrthur. 

Where "thia delightful land of lrapry"he8, it were as idle 
U} Mi'ck Ri for Obcron's realm of Mommnr, the island of 
Cftlvpsu. or the kingilom of LiUiput. Though it shndoiii,- 
fortb England, it is diatinct fVom it; for Cleouolis eicela 
'[Vnynorant in greatneew and gplpndour, nad Elfin, the first 
Fairv kiiiff. rulvd over Inchu and America. To the eurioua 
the poL't Mjo, 

Of Kmiij-IooiJ jet if he more iiic]uir». 
By orrtnin wKiiita hare ni-lt iii wuilric |>Uo«, 
H« tiia; IC fjiiil, ue let liiui llii'ii adniTK. 
Hul jiiiil hi* Mac« to Iw tod hlunl oud boco, 
Hat uo'U witliDul ui liouud fine footing treca 

The ides of making a, queen solo regnniit« of Eaiir-huid 
wan the ucce^Kiry rcfiilt of thn ptiui of making " tlio fnyrest 
prinnriue under sky" vii-w licr " owne reulmes in lonU of 
iiu-rv." Yet tliere may have been Bag»> authority for this 
Mttlement of the fairy throne- Some old romancers niav 
have ipokcn only of a queen ; and thii f^ullaiit ^ir Thnpaii 



does not seem to apprL>h(?nd that lie ia in punuit of th« 
wfdiln) wife of another. This dotighty cbampioo's droiiin 

wtw cvidi.-ntly the griginnl of Arthur'n. 

Porwpariod with mj iportM, I did nllghl 
Protn loftio stcoda. ana dowse to «Uei« mo kjd; 
Tliv r^nL-uit gna m cmuk did gMdlr di^ht, 
A till pillow WW n^ MlnMtt fiq^n diapUyd ; 
W1iiti)B«Tonr tniM t^ huoMur ■w(«( amUyd, 
Mr ivmiad bj mj mil* » mjtU maj-i 
U«r iJaiat}' limbwi full >oM}r down did lajv 
So IUt* « crMtiira ;*t mr Dover luiui; d^. 

If o«t KOMllr rLm and lovel; blmdiabmml 
Sha to roe nuiUt and badd xa» lora liar daant 
Pot dcarl;. aut*. bar lora waa to ma ban^ 
A;^ wlioQ liui time ozpinid. «houId anpaara : 
But niiDlhcr dmuaaa deludo. Or tnia It wart^ 
WuDcvDrlmrt h> t«*i>ht wiUi dallght. 
Ko living miui meh wordaa did navar tuara 
Ai ilm to mc doliTCTDd all that oifcbt. 
And at her putilig aud, she quoca of Fuica higbt 

• • • * 4 

From that day forth I coat in arfrnll myud 
to wok her out with labor and long Ipio, 
And Qctor tow to mat till her I fmd — 
Njmc months I neck in Tain, yet n1li that tow nnbyiuL 

& L C. 9, St. liiL, IIT., IT, 

Tbo nfunSB f^iven by Spenser to these beiu^ are Faji 
<f«A), I'arrs or Fairies. Kifos and Elfbis. of which lost 
worda Uio lormpr hiul born alrnftdy cinploycd by OhaiiPcr, 
and in one f[W[ii(pt it in difficult to aay what eXaxa of beings 
it iiitended. ^petuer'a account of the oriftiu of his F&iriea 
is ciidontly mpr« invention, na nothine in the lenf^t resem- 
bling; it ia In bo found in any prc^c-t^iling wnt«r. It bi^nra, 
indeed, some nliKht fuid diHlant analuf^y to ihut of the origin 
of the inhabitants of JinneiytAn, as narrated by the Orientals. 
I Accnnling to tho iiminl pnurtioc of S{>CDBcr, it ia mixed Up 
with the tjibluH of Antiquity. 

I Promatheni did cnnto 

^^_^ A mnn of Dumy porta trom b«uU dcfTrod i 

^^H^ Thnt inui lo mode ho collod Elfc. to mot. 

^^^^^ Quick.* the flmt iiulh«r of all Ellin kjnd. 

^^^^^B Who, oTUulrin^ tiirough tha world with wntio Ica^ 

That it, tf/i b all9€. 


Did In Uu Ewdtiui of Adooiii fjrnd 
A gnxlly aciKbii*, whom be doeoifMl in mjncl 
To be DO cojthly wight, but •itlier ktniitlil 
Or asgcll. ilie audiolai ct til woiuAokyoit ; 
Thoretorc a Faf bo her MOOldiDg liigh't. 
Of irham nil Ku^ci iprinx. wi<l fetch their ligna^ ti^U 
Of tlie» a nuKbty pcap!l^ shortly grew. 
And puinuit kiotpi. which idl the worid Wtay^ 
And 10 UucuwWn all nutioun did subdua. 

11 ii. Oi 9. bL Ikx., luL, IzxiL 

Sir Walter Sfott remarks with juatwe (tlumgh his mi-morj 
played him eoinenhat false on the occasion), that " the 
ntf^nling of the Rett Crowt Knight while n child, i» the only 
tncideut in thi- poem which upiimitilii's to thu populnr cho* 
Factor of the fairy." Il la not wartly the cn/y iucideut ; 
hut the only othrr, that of Arthe|^, is a jirecigely paraUol 
one: — 

He wonneth in tho land of Payfrco, 
Yet i> uo FuT bora, dc ab M all 
To El/oi, but iprung of mod Itnvitrijd!, 
And H-hjleomo bj falan Fahu uliilno bwbJT, 
Whyln jut in innnt Cndlo be did cnill : 

Ha oUim to himoelf ia knowne thii day, 
Bui that be bjuJSUi ma gotten of a F^. 

fik UL o. 3. iL xxil 

Sir Walter h^ been diily aiilinadverted on for this dftn- 
ecroua error by tho cniilitc Wr, Todd. It would be ac httle 
becoming a« politic in tui, trcmling, as «<< do, on ground 
where error ever hoTom around us, to make any remark. 
Freedom from miscoDccption and mistake, imfortimately, 
fonns no priviti-gi' of our nntiira. 

We must hwre oliBurvi-. that Sppiiser wna eztreroety inju- 
dicious in his selection of the cLreuiiiBtauoeB by which he 
cndenvoured to cnnl'ound the two classes of Fairies. It was 
f|iii(i-> incongrumis to ntvli- the progeny of the aiihiecta of 
Gloriane a " biiSL' elfiu bruoil." or themselvcH " tnlse i airiea," 
especially when wo recollect that such a being as Bolphoobe 

whole CTmtion did her chew 
fan and njupottcd hum all Icothly cnmo, 
nutt ia ingtoMrata in Qb^J; bUioo, 

wiw bom of a Fairio. 

spenbeb's FaEBIE qveekb. 


Oar poot te*at» to bnvo forgottrn himself qIho in tha 
IjCgcnil at Sir Ciklidore i for though the knight is ft Faerie 
bimself, aiid thou(-h such we are to suppose were nil the 
native inhabitants of Faorip-laDd. yet to tlio " gentle flood ' 
thM tumbled down Ironi Mount Acidnle, 

no mote UiD ruder clown 
TbcivtO ippreacb ii« Qltb mote thotniii drown ; 
But Nymphii uid FkariM od Uie bnnlu did sit 
Jd Ui« wttoda iliad* whiab did ttis inton orown. 

& tL c. 10, «k TiL 

, & little f&tther, when Calidore gEzea on the " hundroj 
naked tnudens lily white," tbnt danced around the Urncio, 
be «i*t not 

WhI^tl)eT It wore the train of hemtft queea. 

Or Kyniphi or Facrio^ or ODehimtod ibow. 

With which his oy« mote liavo deluded been. — St xtIL 

rbn popular Elv«a, who dance tlMrir cirdetB on the green, 
Wftrc evtdwitly here in SpL-uner"!! mind.* 

It is now, we think, if not cert^n, at least highly probable, 
that tho rairy-lnnd and the Fnirieii of Spenser are tboiw of 
roinan<:c, to which the temi Fairy properly belong and that 
it it, without juat reason that tbo title of his poem boa beeit 
atyled a miwMwwv.t After th^i appcwimco of bis Faerie 
QaccDO, nil dintinction lictwi-iMi tlit! dillerent sipccios wim 
n^idly toat, and FairieH bi-catne the ealabtisUed naiue of the 
popular Eire*. 

llrrc, then, wo will tnke otir lonvo of the pot<Tit ladicd of 
romani^L-, and join the Elvt« of the jMiuular crecil, tracing 
tbeir descent from the Duergar of northern niytbulogy, till 
we meet thrm enlivii^ning th6 cottage lircsidc with tbo talM 
of their prankH and gaQtbok. 

■ Tho* Fiirie* Ibnt cenplcd wilb NTiDpbt ninind ni at lb* F(itl«t of lb* 
•Id irmDiIiion. SpcaiM, In lta« Sbcpticrd'i Cilcadu, homtcr, biid DolMd 
ihcD Iwtun, u 

Nor fUlah gbotli not ghuilj owli do flte, 
But IH«ndiT Pofrirt mrl villi mftni Gnctft 
And bght-foot fi'ympht. — Jgf, fi. 
f " SpcDHr'i fair;; QwvK, nhicb it mir of ibv frniHil mlinoiDm !■ 
nnntn» or biiMrj, oitn i^o fcttnmof the Fftiry uiUou.** — Gitfoid, wtxt un 
a Jonmi, ml. ii. p. 3US. 


OniQadu«h dndlnnw' dU. 


A Mac of VillUiri brltbl lUdM 
0(>ll llie colltMfs uid fait. 

Vttt ancient rdi^jion of Scaniliimvia, and pi-obuMy of tli0 
iriiol* Gotho-Cti-nnRn rnce. TOnsiiftcd. like nil other sTstcniS 
dcvJH-il lij' rrmn, in pcrnuniliciituniK of tliii Tiu-ioiw powprs of 
nature and fuciilti>;« of miiiii. Of this »v»ti'm in it« fulni-as 
aud periwtioii we posdoes uo record. It is onlv from tl>4 
pocnn of the cldiT pr portii! Irlildn,* fmm tho nnrrntivr" of 
tUe later or prose EJiIa aud the varioun Su^aa or htstorii-s 
writteu in the Icelandic laiiguflge,t that wo caxx obtum auy 
knovLcdgfi of it. 

The poetic or Snmund'a Edda won, m !a itenernllv biJu<T«d, 
collected tibout the eud of the eleventh or beiriuuiug uf tha 
twslftb centiin' by no Icelander iitunrd Sirmund, and styled 
Hiniu Fr&dn, or Thu Wtgw^. It consiats of n number of 
mythological aiid liiHlorieal muga, the prodtietiuu of the 
sncirat SoaJda or poot«. all. or the grrator port, composed 
bcfnv the iiitrodiiptign of (.'hristlaui^ iiito tlie north. The 
meoaure of these wnemble Eonga ia alliterative riitie. uud 
tluT present nul untrequently poetic beautiei of a lii|;h and 
fltriliing character^ 

■ Jidda njaiiet gnnimBlber, Same itjvd II M the fcmlaioe at«lArvet| 
tdr, iiMina. 

'f 'I'ljit ImfUftge h to c*i\tA 1jf»iik alLl] ipokfn In Iceland, fu prD^nef 
puBfi I« tlie NorfSDfe Tungn (norfAfrn lonffU€). It mi ilio rumm^ laofu^ 
•a the vbalc North. 

J Srt TiIm and Popular Pictiont, cb«p. la. 



TIio prMO Edda U Hupjiosed to lutve been oomuiled in tbe 
lliirteentti century by Snorro SturlesoD, the celeoratod hi»> 
toriiui of Nonvay. It in u biaton' at' tho gixla and their 
lu^tiuiiH funned from the sou^ <if die {xiulio £tidii, and &am 
other anoent pocnts, SEivcntl KtaoKoa of which are incoipo- 
ratcd in it. Hc»i<Ii! thu jiri-fiu-c nnd concluxioD, it cODiii«t« 
of two ]iriiici|)iil parts, ihi" finsl coiiaiHlitiK of tho Gylli- 
mpiiiiifi(Gi/lfa'*Dfccp(ion),OT ll-M^LygHHar'* i.e. CWm'« 
Firfipfi)! ""' th« Itnigo-rirdur (llraga'a Ifarrativc), eaoh of 
whicli is liividttd into ievenil Bumu-sngaa or IlluHlrutive 
t^toriex^&tid the secoud n&m«dthe KenuiitgM'or list of poetic 
nnmes and rKTijvhmw'f.* 

Till- Gvlfu-irmniiiit iiarratva tliat Ovlfn king of Swedim, 
BtniL'k «ith t^o wiitaam aud power of the ^«er,t a» Odin 
unit liis followers were railed, journeyed in tlin likenMS of 
nil old man, nnd under the assumed numu of OoukIiu'. to 
Ant^d llicir t'liief residence, to inquire itito aud tBthom their 
wisdom. Aware ol"hi« design, the Jiser bj- their mngic art 
csuKcd to feri.-H; bt'l'tiri: him a lolXy und Kpli-ndid puluou, rwuTed 
witii £old«D Bhii'ldn. At the galv he fuuiid a mim who waa 
ibrDwing up and catcUiuf; Hwords, wveu of wiiich wore iu 
the air at one time. This inau inqiiiiri^ tlie unmc of tho 
■tnnger, wliom bu kiuls itito Uic iiuliu-v, wherv Guuglar seea 
a number of pereotia driukiu|> aud pkyiug, and three thronea^ 
each net higher tbui the other. On the throuoH gat Uar 
(Ili^lt), Jnlnhur {Eipiai-higV), and Thridi {Tlik^. OaneUr 
aaks if there is any on* thert- wise and learned. Har rc)>liei 
that ho will not depart in safety if he knows uiore thao 
tbuy.| dauglur then conimcnoc« bin intvrrogatioiu, which 
eubraee a t ariety of recoudite subjeota, tiud extend li^ra ^ 
cre-atiou to tho end of all things. To each be r«oeivM ft 
aatisfiKiLory ng>ly. At the lost n^ly (langhir hears a loud 

■ It ivu fltit pE^blithr^l by Rfwrtjui in 1G6£, 
^ Bj tW JRan an »%\tltintood the ,\iuXira, vhu wiih (Mitt bronjlit thsir 
nttind nlijnou intn HratnIin^tiL Tbii «!crinLJan of Ike woril, bowertir, ift 
mhci ilubiaiii. Thi>ii||U [miailil)' Iho [iuiiuIuIob ud tslifiDn sf SfUiIiuit* 
amc urIiiniJlj £raiu Aiiit llicn Kcmt u> b« no iiudo nluuiet lot puUini 
■nf tkltli Lu ihe 1«0Biid «4 Odin. Ii a an ualikcljr ilui ilin nuua of Uicic 
pdi, A^irr, gitc bltth l« tbtnfaali- thwr. It It RuuiUublE ihsl the uiicicul 
Einiri4nt »[iw ihaiild ban «1l«d ihf p-li £ur. 
I So ihe lUiaan or Glut V^biudoir W Odis In iha TdUunilnluuL-^ 



nult aiiil noise : the magic illusion suddenly vDuiahcs, and he 

fiuda SiiniBelf aloue on uii exU-tisive jitain, 

Tho Braga-nBiJur is tiie discourse of Uraga to . y- gir, tlie 
god of the Ben, at the liiininiet of the Imnjortale. TRifl part 
contains m&tij toti-'B of guds nnd lii^rocs old, wiioae adventures 
had be«D sung by Skalds, of high rt-tiowu aiid lolXy geuius. 

Though hola the Eddna were compiled by Chrisliaoi, there 
appears to bo very liltlo reuaou for nuapri^liin; tin- t-ompiltii* 
of having falHified or intcrpolati^d the uiythoiuf^y of tht'ir 
forefiithors. Sirmund'a Eddn mny bo regarded a» an Antho- 
logy of oudent Keandmnvian puL-try ; and tho author of the 
proae Kdda (who it ia plaJii did not alwaya undentaud the 
truB meaniug of the tnJea ho related) wrote it a» a northern 
Pknthe^u luid Orndus ad PamaMum, to nipply ports with 
inddeDts, onuvments. and epitheta. Fortuuatt^iy tuey did ao, 
or impenotmblo darkness had inrolved the ancient religion 
of the Gothic stock! 

Bende the Eddae, niuub infonuation in to be derived &om 
the Tarioua Sagaa or northeni hititorieii. Tbeae Sa^, at 
times transnutting truo hietorical cveuta, at other times con- 
taining tho wildesit fietions of romance, prraervt' mui'h valu- 
able nuthiL- Ion-, and the Ynglinga, VoUunga. Uervarur. and 
other Sagas, will furnish many important traits of northern 

It in not iuteudt-d hero to attempt soundinjj the deptlu 
of Eddaic mythology, a subject so obscure, and concerning 
which so many nnd various opinions occur in thi^ worka of 
those who have occupied theiiiBelvt's with it. Suffice it to 
observe that it goes back to the uio»t remote ages, and that 
two essential pnrts of it are tlie Alfar {Alji or Jihet) nnil 
lheDuergiir{^Arai^), two classt's of beings whose- nalDM COD- 
tinue to the present day in all the languages of tho nstioiis 
dewonded from the Gotho-tiermnn race. 

" Our heathen forefathers," says Thorlacius,* " believed, 
liko the Pythugoreanti, and the fartlier back in antiquity tho 
more finnly. that tho whole world was (illcd with Bijin'ta of 
various kiudH, to whom they ascribed in general the same 
nature and properties as the Greeks did to their Da^nioD». 
These were divided into the Cdeatial and the Torreetriol, 

• Tburluii^iv tloget otD Tliiir og buu Himnicr, iu ibt SluadliiTltk 
Huicun fur tUOt. 




from thair place* of aboiU'. Tlic former were, according to 
Ibe ideu of tlume timea, of a K"od and elovaU-d uature, aiiJ 
of K Cnendly disposition townrd men, whence tlKif hI»o 
roeeJTtid tho nocMt of Whito or Liglit AIG9 or Sjjirita. 'I'h* 
latter, ou llie loulraiy, who were daaaifii^d after their abode* 
in air, sea, and earth, vera not regsixled in so favourable 
a light. It van hfWr.vfd that thi-v, pnrticulorty the land ones, 
the Sd^Mvat imx^Hoi of th« Oreebti. couataiitlr aiicl on all ix^- 
caaiont auui-lit lo torment or injure nituikino, and that they 
had their duelling p-artlv on tho cnrtli in grvnt thiek woods, 
wh«nco came the nmiie Skovlrolde* (Jfooii Troll*), or ta 
Other deaert utd luiii.-ly places, partly in and under the 
eround, or in roeks ami liills; thcM; lost were called Bjorg- 
Trotdc (UiU TrolU) : to ih.- fimt. 011 acoouut of their dillVt. 
nrut nature, wna Riven tiio name of DTerge {Diear/n), aod 
Alve. whence the word HIefolk, nhich is stdl in the Danish 
language. Theno Dn-moiiii, particularly tk« underground 
ones, w^re called SvartaUar. that is Bltiek Spirits), and iiiua* 
much as they did misehipf, Trolls." 

Tliis Tery nearly ci K - .^ith what is to bo found in the 

Edda, flxocpt thftt t\i'-i'- u'liilil ^p[K^ar lo be Home foundation 
for B distinction Wtwccn the Dwarb and the Dark Alfa-t 

* TlLiictuiiu. Kl •iifi>'m KJi Il» Ihundciin; Thnr nt n>(^rdfd u panicu- 
tut« lalmlol Is the Sko't'oMs Wiinit whom hi roniinuiltx fmplnjtd hii 
■ifUgr vwpMi. He Ihlnlu ikil the jKitnUl nl the Rnmani, Bnd ibe rllel 
WMCWJ «lcb i', Kvn 10 nippDH 1 liiniW •upntiiion, uid that in ihe mil- 
f^tgt of Uonrr, 

Tu pwDj rvria inimicft millci 
l^llIutiDK tilda. 
A* «ard> jurum catiU luou my umn gra'ct « |Krti of *e»ili, ihe haunt 
gf mclna tpriiu oi SkuvinlUi. nU^i toKtri rt lalafa. Tlie nuiil Tivld 
vUl la eipbiuFd Mnn. 

f The IHik Alii were fml*b1y dllfrrent fttml Ibe Duergkr, yet Ihe IftO' 
fB^* «f ihe prrfH hlAd^ la in Hme ri1«« aucb am to ]<«il iq a MtlfutiOD od 
thnn, H« rali'owlag pu—ft, hawvnt, mtiat to be decUire : 



Ql Mck-Alhr. 

IltafDi-Cddi Otbioi, ui*. 7. 

Gh«U, DintA 

jl»J Puk AKi. 
Tm lk» Srandinviin liUnll npimr onauiinDiii in rrfvUni them u ihe mn*. 
Oilmv, boverriT. Hrc<« aiith na In njewirif ]hp IKkk-AlTar It <IJaiinel from 
tha I>iuritkT. Ai thtf nhvAf of ibc-ia l*iL la lutDvil Z^or^rjalickoir. be tbinki 
■lal the Swillfu tnd Ibe Ducrnr wen ibt wme. — Deuuchs Mjibolo^ie, 
p. «13, 1^ Sec UIdw, /t2< ^ h^a^ 



rnmMh Alftitt. 

Bunsiuui Qdim. 


l5 the prose EdtU. (luiigiar imiuiren what oUier cities bfr 
iiidc thftt in which tlic Nomir dwelt wore by the 0rdaf 
fount, under tlie Ash Yggdrnail.* Il/ir replif-n, 

" There we many fair citiea there. Tiiere is the city which 
in called Alf-heim. wliore dweUcth the people tliat is called 
LioHAlfar {iM/ht Alft). Hut the Dorkiilfar (/Aw* Alfi) 
dwelIbelowuiiderK;r(mud,widareuHliki;lhemia oppearariei-, 
and »tiU more unlike in actions. Tbe LiouiUar are whiter 
thoD the 8un in Hppeurance, but the Dock&U'ar are blacker 
than pit«h."t 

The Nornir, the Paroe, or Destinies of SotuidinaTion 
mytholopy, are flosely connected with the Aifar. 

" Many fair cities arc tht-ro in Hearen," w»y« ITdr, *' and 
the divine protection is over all. Thurc staiulcth a cily 
under the aah near thti spring, and out of its halls came thre* 
moid*, who arc thus named, Udr, Verthandi, Skulld (i'M/, 
Pnttitt, Futurt). Theite maids shape the life of man. We 
coll them Noniir, Bitl thore are many Ni>rnir ; those who 
come to each child that is bom, to shape its life, are of the 
race of tlie eodx ; but olhcni ar« of the race of the Alfa ; tuA 
tiie third of the race of dwarfs. Aa is here exprasaed, 

Suudr; duiJrvii dpem I 

Tb« N«ni[r to li«— the >ame 

Rac« Uioy liava aoL 

Soma OTB of Ximriin, 

Soma art of Allkin. 

Some ON the dui^tcis of Dualin." {\.t. ot Ilia Dwarfik) 

* Tha ub-lnv. Yfigdnill. Ii iha innbal at tbr unlTrne, the Uidkproiint 
fa \\ip fvimt of liglil HDd lifnt, whkh invijrnnm tnd tikiuiMii ll. A Kood 
npmeolklion of thiiirilh iijivrii in Mr. UnLii'i tdllion gf Utlt*ra"K*irlkcfa 
AaLi^uH^e*," «hir.h ilir rmdrr » rfroroiotndrd xo nviulu 

t Tiiia (Iiiuitu (ui («}>.) niiudi tt ui unt ill tin «tiltf, oho niaba'd*^ 
tbt Dick mi Ibi SfVrUl/ar. 

vniiAa *>n> s*nA>. 


\," wtid Oaii^W. " if the JSonxit direct the future <1p»- 
finy of men, thoy shnpc it vry iirn^quallj-. Some liavi; a good 
life mid rich, but »oni« liave little wmlth nnd praise, aome 
loug life. Home »hort." "The (ipiod Xomir, nod well de*- 
sccnd<'d," Mva HAr. "shapo a good life; but u t<i tho» 
who meet with misfortune, it is caus<?d bj tlie tn&ligDiuit 

'rhe»n N'omir boar a reraarl[abl« reaemblnnc/) to thcclMsi- 
cnl Purcw ami to the fairies of romance. Thej nm all alike 
nrpre-ieiited iw Mniiting dt the birtb of eminent pewona^s, 
an bestowing gifts i-itlier Rood or evil, luid ax foretelling the 
future fortune of the being that ban juat eriU-rtid on ciist- 
rdcc' This attribute of the Mrics may have beeu ilerivnt 
fwim either tho worth or the aoulb, but certainly thew did 
not borrow from each other. 

Of the cirii;i!i of the word Alf uothint; aatinfartdry in to be 
found. Some think it is akin to tho Latin aliat, white ; 
other*, to alprt, Alps, mountabiM, Tlu^rc is also supposed U> 
be some my»teriouii connexion betwceu it and tho word Elf, 
or Elv, HE^iiifvliiit water in the northern lan(iu[i((M ; an ana- 
logy whioh baa been thought to correspond with t1mt butwcirD 
the Latiu Nyniphn nnd Lnnpha. Both relations, bowevi-r, 
are perhaps rather fanciful tfiaii juat. Of tha denvatioa oj* 
Alf, u jiwt observed, wo know nothing eertain.t and tho 
Qri^nnl nieaning of NYmpljo would appear to bo a new- 
married woman, I and thenw) u niarriageiihlc young woaiau; 
and it was applied to the supposed iuhabitunta of the moun- 
tains, seas, and streams, on the same iirijiciplo that tho 
Dortberu nations gavo thtmt the appelialiou of ineii and 
women, that is, from their imagined rvsomblajice to the 
human fonn. 

Whatever its origin, tho word Alf baa continued tiH the 
prvaent day in all tho Teutonie languaKen. The Danoa have 
£lv. pi. Eir*' i the Swedes, JEV pi. Elfivr m. Klftor f ; and 
tho words Elf-dant and Elf-lU*l. together with Olof and 
othrir proper names, are derived from them. The Genoana 
eall the oightmare Alp; and in their old pncms wo mn^ 

■ Sot Tkic* tni PspuUr PkKoat, [i 3T4. 
t TW inalolT tS Dht. ukd mlxr vvidi ol like loipoit, might lead to ikt 
PHMLua of SfAili twlug the prtojirf mpuiJDf or Atf. 

; Ilea HjtkologT (^ Onttt kod lulj, p. MS, iKood rJltloa. 




vith Hlbe an<i Elltnrte. and EHiineh ui:(-urH in tliinn in tll« 
bad Beuse of rhi^h of Cliuucor mid our oIl rouiiiti<.-L-re ; and n 
number of proper n^incn, «udi m Alpriwlit. Alpliart, Aipinc, 
Alpvrin,* wciw fomit'd from it, umloiiljU'dlv before it got its 
present ill seuse.t In the AuKlo-Siixim, jSif nr JElfcu, with 
itH fi^miiiiiio luid pluml, ftcquentlj ocnirg. The Oreiia, KniaB, 
and Umnoitr^'ns uf thu Urceks nnd Ui>mnns Arc rcadored 
in ftti Anglo-Saion glosaury b*- CPunc-(el|ren, p^fc-mlfoi, 
and felb-^j:<o.J X,l{ is a oompoDcut part of thu prupi-r 
names Alfred aiid ^Ellrlt- ; nnd trie author of the poem uf 
Judith suvs that )iia heroine was ^If-firme [Eif-sheen). 
bright or lair as jui elf. But of tbu charaetRrarid acts of lliu 
elfs no traditions tiavc bceu preserved in Aiiglo-Saiou litera- 
ture. In tho Engliuli liinguiigp, BHt Elves, aud their dcriva- 
liviri are to be found in every period, Irotn its Gnt formatiun 
don's to thia preaenl time. 


Bt ek tut Jji^rUi nnihvB. 
A dK UD^rr atdu, ttath, 

I HwcM Ilia unh liuTiuib, 

Tkkmc diuiiimtiT^ betuga, dwelling iu roclu and \\\Wb, and 
difltingoishcd for tbcir skill in inotAUurgy, H<?em to bo pci-u- 
Jinr to the (Jotho^tienunn mythology,^ PcrhapH thii nio^t 
probabto account of tbt-m la, that tUu/ are puraomficalioue ot 

■ Aflor the intfotlucliim of ChHiC^millj, Engrl^ angel, »U Btuploycd Tuf 
Atp \ik mufel prD|>cr nnmn. ■■ f'ji^rliioli, Kif^HliBil, rUL 

Y i^ MM. Uriiiim'i Imrurd IfitroduclUu lo ihtir Lrvntlilloa of [bn Ii^ih 
F^irt Lffviidi, %nA ilic Dcuttf Ji4t Myihi>Lo|nc of J, GriiDin. 

X MM. GrLniDi tuppotr wUli a juod df*! of prubabtUiji ihit iSho tre 
ctfmpnundf r>rmc^ii to rroilfr the Grrek DDt«, ftod «fe hoi txpmti*^ of » bclfcf 
lb ftnAlogoiif fl»u» of apirlia^ 

% Hnm«i Lhknk, hiil iiilb litllft r«von» ih** vrrf 4rl|iiDtlljr a put of tbt 
y&sbub m^ ihDloigjr^ uhj mm luJoptcd luia ibo C3oLlii* lyBtAiB 

rnn^l AVD SAXAM. 


I „.. 

ihe subterraneous powers of nnture ; for it mnj' be agnic 
ntiHrrredl, that kU tht? parts of «<rnry ancient mythology aro 
but |iiTfiODillf>d powers, ultributca, oiid moral qualities. ' Tint 
Ediii thus describes their origin : — 

" 'I'hcn the gods snt on their reata, and held neoimcil, and 
callixl to mind how thu Duer^r had become animali^d iu tliu 
clay below in the eartb. like maRsota in flesh. The Duer^jpir 
had been first created, and had taken life in Ymir's* flesh, 
and wrre maegota in it, nnd by the will of the god* tlicy 
became [liirtukera of human knowledge, and had tin- likem-Hw 
of men, and yet they abode in the ground and in tlone* 
Modsogner was the first of them, and then Dj-riu." 

The DuergftT are described as being of low stature, with 
short legs and long arms, reaching almogt down to the ground 
when thpy abind erect. t 'J'hey .tro skilful and einert work- 
men ui gold, silver, iron, and the othttr metnlH. tUey form 
many wonderful and eitruurdinary things for the Mx^r, and 
for mortal heroes, and the arras and armour that eoine from 
thnir forfjen are not to bo pMnlleled. Yet the gift imist be 
■pontiuicoiiRly bestowed, ibr misfortune attends those ex- 
torted from tlient by violence.} 

In illustration of their character we bring forwArd the 
following narrative* from the Eddii and Hngoii. The Iximrly 
g»rb in which they are babiteii, wil! nut. it is hoped, bo dis> 
pleasing to readers of tatite. We give as eiaet a copy as wa 
an ablo of the originals in all their rndeneaa. The talcs iinj 
old, their ilnte uuluiinm, and tbey therefore demand respect. 
Yet it ia difhcult to suppreas a amile at finding such familiar, 
nay alinii«t vulgar terras § applied to the gn^nt suprmnl 
puwL-n uf nature, u occur Jn the following tale from tix) 

' The gfani Toiit b ft |MffMnlflatlDTi DfChi4*,iliD undj^reilevl primil mttifr, 
T^t Knt of IWrr (Dibtr p«nonlflc*UoEii) *li^i> liim. O'lt ni him thrj ToriJifil 
ibc weAi ; hi* blood InMc tbo <(«. hli flnb llii land, lili bonnlho mmiDUiiitl 
rocki wni (llfh vcn U* Ueth, }k<n. tnd brokcD f>»a* of boow; hioknll 
fimspJ tti< bnTrnii. 

t flnihnnnd Andr«u In notii ul VAIuipil. 

Z Thki thoj w not uiHbiiblft to liLhdnn* tmf of tho nicmdinf tnlf* 
will iiKci**. 

f Tlir h«bilad rrudrr of ihii northrm *nd Clrmnip irtilen, of ptch our oM 
Kri^Uih nnrs wiU obxrvfi nilh turphic hi* prvduallj dimiciiihfd foareuipl fuf 
wmny piprrwoDi now brroDio *ii1pr. tlo viU find limiKLf Lnp«rtrpl] Ulj 
JiUii^it iiils tb*li«Iiil ol nfudlng ihEB ui ll>a Itfbl of Ihcli piliUne dl^ultl. 



bill Via D]r BtDarf. 

LOKIi tho lOT) of Tiniifrinr, hiul out nf mixchirf cut off nil the 
luir^Sif. Wlifo Tiior found lUU out hv !ifb<'i] Loki, nnd 
irould have broken ereiT bone in his bod^, only that he 
■wore to get the SuartoUnr to ninkc for 8tf faair of gold, 
which would grovi like any othw hair. 

Ijoki then went to the Dwnrfs tliat are called the aond of 
Ivallda, They finl mado thc^ hair, vhii^h as soon as it was 
put on thr hrnd grrw lilio iinturnl Imir ; then tho ship 
Skidliludrii,* whic-h always had the wiud with it, wherever tt 
would Bail ; and, thirdly, tlie spear Gugiier, which always 
liit in battle. 

ThmLoki l&id hi« hcmd ntrainst the dwarf Ttrock, that hia 
brother Eitri could not forge tliree sticU vnluahlo thing* fts 
theiw wnrw, Tliey went to the forge ; Kitri set the swine- 
skin (bellowa) to the fire, and bid his brother Brock to blow. 
and not to quit the fim till he should fakvo taken out the 
thing* he had put into it. 

And when he waa gone out of the forge, and that Brock 
was blowing, there came a Qy and si^ttled upon hia hand, 
and bit him ; but he blew without stopping till tho smith 
took the work out of the fire ; and it wn.i a boar, and ita 
bristles were of gold, 

lie then put gold into the fire, and bid him not to stop 
blowing till he came bnok. lie went awav, and then the 6y 
viane aiul settled ou his neck, and bit him more aevcrety 
tliau before ; but he blew ou till the smith came back and 
took out of the fire the gold-ring which is called Dnipncr.t 

Then he put iron into the fire, and bid liim blow, and said 

* SkidtpliKinj, likr Van Bftnoi/t trnt,*^!]!^ pxjKtn') and coninci unquirvd. 
Ii muld orrj ill th? JEmi tori their krmi, >nd whrn nol in ni* li cnuld be 
ItktB unmlrr uid pul in ■ purtn. " A tmi alilp." tip (iniiKlu. " 1> HkH 
bl*ilntg but frrtt trt Innvl btTf been mtpli^cd in mtkiiaiE it.* Mflhaloflils 
m) II u \be aidiid*. f i.t, Th« itrippa: 

EUDAS xm staAs. 


thnt if lin ■btiiiuMl blowics nil thp nork would be lost. That 
fiv now !«.-ttk-d bLitweeu hin ej*e«, mid bit so bard that the 
blood ran iato bis cyrs, eo that he could not ae^ ; e,o when 
the bfllowa wi?r<! dovm he caiigbt nt the (Iv in idl hnste, aai 
Utn- ciir itn winfts; but thvn oune tliL- sm:th. and said that 
lill that W!U in the lire bad ne^y been s[)Otled. Ili< tbi'a 
took out of the fire thphammi-r Miolnor,* carp ilU the tbings 
to hi* brothi-r lirock, luiil budc him go witn tlictn to Aiignrd 
lutd setllu the waK^f- 

I^ki ai»o produced his jowcls, and they took Odin, Tbor, 
Ktid Fivy, fnr jiidei-a. Th(>n Ixiki gnvn to Odin the t^'var 
QugtwT, and to 'f tior the hnir tbiit Sif wu to have, «nd to 
Vrey Skidbladiii. aod told their virtui>s as they hare bees 
alnMtdy related. Brock took out hia jewpU, and gnro to Odin 
thn ring, and mtid tbut <:vcry niiitb night th«n! would drop 
from it ci){bt olln.r riuK* aa valuable lut ilaell'. To Frey he 
)^ve the buar, and said that he would run through air and 
water, by night and by dity, hotter than any horiu'v, and that 
never WM there night wi dnrk that tho way by which he 
went wouhl not be liglit from liis hide. He gave the lianimi-r 
to Thor, and said tliat it would never faU to bit a Troll, and 
tbnt at wb.itcver he threw it it would never mi*ii it ; and tbut 
Iwi could never fling it m far- tliat il would wit of iUolf n^turn 
to Ilia baud : and when he ebose, it would become so small 
tlut be in)i>ht put it into his poekct, But the fault of the 
lunraier wm tlmt its handle was too short 

Tbcir jud£;nirat wn«, that the hammer wtw the best, and 
tbat (be Dwarf had won tlie wajj^cr. Then Loki prayed hard 
not to lose h'\i bead, but the Dwarf said that coiila not b«. 
" Catch me tlten," Kud Iioki ; and u-him be; went to catch 
him b<) wan far away, for Lokj bad flboea with which he could 
run through air and waU'r. Then the Dwarf prayed Thor to 
catch him. aud TTior did bo. The DwnrI' now went to cut 
off hit head, but Txiki said ha whs to have the head ordy, aud 
Dot the neck. Then the Dwarf took a knifo and a thong, 
and went to sew up his mouth; but the knife w.i», to tho 
Dwarf wished that Ki.i brotlier'n awl worn tln-Te ; and ai wion 

be wiiihed it it was thi.Te, and lie sewed bia lii>a together.t 

* t. d. Th« ArmidT sr CVuAfr, frain Mfla, lo bniltc « truth. Unblhf 
F^cj ksoi* at lb* bigli coifitriJuut of thrit |rliruv MttL 
t BOO* Kn«u<, IJBoitMfi ii. 



Xortlieni mvtliologista thus eipUru llua Ti-rr ancieut 
fable, Sif ii tno earth, and the witf ofl'bor. the licavcn or 
atmo»pher« ; her hair m the treps, biiehoH, »nd pl.ints, that 
■dom the surCice of the eurth. LnhV ia the Firv-God, that 
delights iu wiacliief, bfn« t^rtnl, male imprral. When by 
immoderato heat he hae burned ofT the hair of Sif, her hii*> 
bniid comprla him en by (eniperate bent to wnnn thi> uiain- 
ture of the earth, that ita former produola may spring up 
more beautiful than ever. The boar is given to r'rpyr, 1" 
whom and hii oist^r Vrvja, as the godii of animal and 
vegetftbie fwuudity, the Dorthem people offered that animal, 
ta the Ituliaii people did, to the earth. lioki's briugine the 
^fts from the under-ground people aeema to indicntii a belief mptnls were prrpwwi by suDtCTrancnn fire, and perhaps 
tli« forging of Thur'B hnmmiT, the mythic emblem of 
tiionder, by a lorreatrlal demon, on a Biibt<-rrancan nnril, 
Bifty suggest that tliu natural cause of thundrr ix to bo 
■ou^t in the ewth. 

Ctiordton antr l\tt Otnxrl 

1Vhex sprlui; Cftme, Tiioreton m;idi- ready his ship, aud pid 
twenty-four men on hoard of her. Wlien they came to 
Vtiiliuid, thcry ran her into a harbour, and oi'cry day ho wont 
on shore to amuse liinuielf. 

Elo came one d.iy to an open part of the n'ood. where he 
■nw a gri-at rock, and nut a lU.tlc n ny from it a Itwarf. wlin 
l.vaa horridly ugly, and was looking up over hix head with hi» 
I iDouth wide open ; and it upijenped to Thurston tlint il ran 
from car to ear, and thut the lower jaw eamu down to hid 
knees. Thoraton asked him, why he w.ia ni-linj; lo faglixhly- 
*■ Do not be surprised, my p:iod lad." replied the Dwarl; 
" do you not acts that great dragon that is living up there T 
He has taken otT mv son, and I believe that it is Odin hini- 
>«lf that hnf sent the monster lo do il. But I Rhall burst 
•nd die if I lose my sou." Tiieu Thori^lun shot at th« 
driLgitu, and hit hini undcT one of tho winga, ao that hofoL' 



iltnA til tho eurth ; but Tlioraton caught the DwarTs cbild m 
the air, and brought him to his father. 

Th« Ihrnrf wm cioct-iling aloA. umi vms more rejoiced thnn 
«ny one could t-jli ; aiid he uaJd, " A great benefit have 1 1» 
reward jou for, w)to aro tbo dclircrer of mv ion ; and now 
chooM your rccompcnue in gold atid eilTer.'' " Cure youi 
NO," aud Thontun, " but 1 am not used to tuke rewari^ fur 
IDT Benicea." "It vers not becoming," aaid the Dirarf, 
" if I did not rcw«nl you ; and let Dot my shirt of shi-epn'- 
wool, whinh I will give you, appuar a contoinptihle gift, fof 
vou will never be tired when iwimming, or get a wound, if 
you wear it next jour skin." 

'rhor»ton took tlin nhirt and put it on, and it fitted him 
well, though it had apiieared too abort for the Dwarf. The 
Dwarf now took a cold ring out of his purw and gave it to 
ThorstoD, and bid liim to tnkc good care of it, tolling him 
that he never ohoiild want for rooney while he kejit that ring. 
Ill' nt-xt took a bliu^k titurie and gave it to Tlioratou, and aaio, 
" ir^'ou Iiide tbia stone in the palm of your hand no one wilt 
see JOU. 1 have not many more things to offer you, or that 
woiiltl be of any value to you ; I will, however, give you a 
fire-!itonc for your amuaenieut." 

He then took the stone out of hi» purse, and with a stool 
point. The stone wru l.rinngiilar, white an ono side and red 
on the other, and a jelloH border ran round it. The Dwnn 
then said, " If you prick the atone with the point lu tlie 
white side, there will come on Buch n hail-storm that no one 
will hi^ able to look at it ; but if you want to stop thi^ ahowtrr, 
you have only to prick on the yellow part, and tliere will 
come so much sunsnino that the whole will melt away, iiut 
if you should like to prick the red side, then there will come 
out of it »uch fire, with sparks and crackling, that no one Will 
be able to look at it. \ou may also get wliatcver you will 
by means of this point and rit<mc, and thev will come ot 
tnemaclvea bock to your hand wbeu you cull them. I cai, 
now give you no more sucb giils." 

Thbreton then thanked the Dwarf for bis presents, and 
rvtiimcd to bin men, and it was better for him to have mula 
llua vuyage than to have stayed at home.* 

■ ThotMao'i 8ag>, c. S, la U» KiliD[B DmUt. 


Cl]t i3tu3rt'£iD0Tt Cirfnu. 

SvAFi>Bi..\ui. the •i(Mi)iiil iu descent front Odin, was kiae 
mer Uanlnnkc (Kiunia). One day i".' rotti- a-hunting, iukI 
MKi^ht liitig ikfU-T ft lioii, bill I'ould nut fiuil uuc tli<! whole 
day. Whtn ijiu sim van Betting' ho tbuud hinigi-lf iiumented 
no deep in tlic lorwit that he knew not where lie wn*. Thcro 
Iftf a hiii on liiit right hniid, and bdure it he saw two Dwniis ; 
he drew his hworif aKuina them, aud cut off thi-ir n-treat by 
getting between them and the roek. They profl'ered him 
raiiNoin Fur tlieir hveii, luid \w naked thoni th<:n their namc», 
AJid iiiiH uf tlii-ni WUM eallKil Dyren, and the iitlit^r Dunlin. 
Ho know then that they were the iii<>at iugvuious und ex]tert 
of &U the l>war&, and be therefcro imposed on them that 
they Hhould forgo him a KWiml. the best that they could 
iona ; it* hilt nlioidd bii uf K^>i<l. and its belt of the name 
uielaL JIc moreuver eujoJueo. that the aword should never 
nii«a a blow. And should never ruHt ; and shotild cut through 
inin and Ntoue, an thruii^-h it gnmiout ; nud should be always 
rictoriuuH lU "nur and in xiiiKtu combat for him who bore 
it. These wcro tho conditions on which he gave them 
thnir lives. 

On the appointed day he retiutu^d, and the Dwarfs came 
forth and delirered him the aword ; and when Diialiii stood 
in tho door ho said, "This sword shoU be the bane of a man 
every time it i» (trawn ; and with it *hidl be done three of the 
greati.-al atrucilieH. It shall also bo thy Inne." Then Sua* 
torkmi struck at the Dnarf bo. that tlie bhide of the sword 
penetrated into the solid rock. Thus 8uaforlami became 
pHsseased of this sword, and he ejilled it Tirdng. and ho bare 
it iu war and iu single coiuhat. and ha alew with it the Giant 
Thiaaw, and took his daui^hter Fridur. 

Suafbrlomi wai shortly nner slain by the Berserker* 

■ Till Bensikici w«r« nrrion who nwd to b« iofluncd ttith tvA nfa 
nd (ur; U tbg Iboagbt* of OHntaU u is bit* lh<l[ ihltldt, run Ibtvofli tar. 



AndgriiD, who then became rnnster of the irwonl. "Wlwai 
the Iwlvc tons of ADdgriiii were to Bk''^ ^i^'* Hiitliuar 
ind Oddur for lugaborg, tlie beautiful dau^'liter of King 
IngMk Aognotyr boro the dnri^crouB 'J'irtiitg ; but nil the 
breUinm wcr« sliun in the iximlNit, niid vvm burivd with 
ttidr armi- 

Ajagantjr l«fl aa only daughter, Hcirror, who, wlieu Rho 
grew up, drcswcd hpntclf in mnu's ntti^(^, nnd took the raaaa 
uf HvrvardiU', and joiiifd u party uf Vikiiifcvr, or Pirate*. 
Knowing; that Tirfiiis lay buried with her &ther. she deter- 
mined to Awnkeu tbo dead, aud obtain tlie chnrmcd blade; 
and perhaps nothing in nortlii^rn povtry ifiualii in intenrrt 
and Dvblimitv th<? Jracriptiun of her laudiue alone in the 
ereoing on tlic tiLuid of Sams, where her father aud unclea 
Ujr in their Hpulchral mounds, and at night luicending to tho 
tamlxi, that wiirv en7clo[M'd in llninc,* and liy fort^c of en- 
tmty obtiuuiug from tho ndueUuit Augantyr the fonnid»bl« 

llvrvor proce«ded to thei court of King Gudmimd. and 
tbcK one day, as she wm playing at tublr-x with tliu king, 
me of the M'rvuntii (■Iianei.'d to Utke up and draw Tirling, 
wbivh shone like » iiuiibi-iuu. But TirtUi);; was never to see 
tbe light but for the boue of man, and lltn'or, by a sudden 
itapaitf!, Rpmiig Itoih hi^r sent.«hcd the oword and struck 
<iff llie heiui (jf the ujiforliiiiutt' man. Utrvor, after thia, 
returued to the house uf her grandiiilher. Jarl Jtiartmnr, 
where she resumed her female attire, aod wa« married to 
IlBufud, the !KiD of King Oudmund. She hare him two sons, 
Auttaiityr aud Hejdreker ; th<: fru-mer of a wild and gentle 
didpositioD. the latter violent aud tieree. Uaulud would not 

Srnnit ileidTX-ker to remain at his eourt ; and nn he woo 
ejiarting, hin mother, with other gilVs, pn-ncnted hiiu Tiriiug. 
11 la brother ao<M>iijpauied hiin out of the eastie. IJcfore they 

flvrntlaw burtiiiif roali, »nd ivHomi fnrh IjVv mnd fnU. " WbcOirr tba 
ftTidily for tlghim^ tii Lhr frrociij nf i))vir nihturti/* djt ^xo, " bmugUt itua 
in)idiaf<i« nn Ihrtri, ■■ uncfrutii," 

* Tbff norlhrrti niEinnii Wlii^Tf-d Lhftl ihp lombt of ifkpir hrron tmllled « 
kmd qF lambani llamr, wEiiili wni hImsi* irjalblci to iha mfUt. tnil Htrrrd to 
ffU3itil the uhD* of lliB drvt ; Ihrt ts^lrd il Htiii^ EUdrf ui Tbc Ttcpub-hf^ 
Vitt. Il «t> ftuppnir^ tiLDH puriruUrlj to lurToand aurh lamU h nnliincd 
liiildiD UwBru, — BaTlhiAiBf it CvnUVifl. a Van. Slorit, p. KS. 



parte], Hciilreki-r An-\t out hi« sword to look tt taA Admim 
it; but scarcely did t!i» my a of light full on th* ma^bladSi 
whirl thi? I!cr»frkcr rogc c&mo on its owner, nnd he slew hia 
gwillt- lirotlii-r. 

After this he joined it body of Viiinger, aiid became bo 
di^tioguiHhpd. that KJn<; Harold, for thi.> aid ho lent him. 

Save him hi» daughter Helga in marrinKC- But it vrna the 
estiuy of Tirfiiig to ciinunit crimt, luiil Harold fell by the 
bund of bis son-iu-law, Heiilrckcr was afterwards in Kiuria, 
And the Boa of the king was his foster-son. One day, Mther 
were out hunting, Keidreker and hia fostcr-aon hnppeiied to 
be separated from the reat of the party, when a wild bOM 
nppeiirtid before them ; Ueidrcker rail at him with hia >po>r, 
but the beast caught it in his mouth and broke it aaOBS. 
, He tlieu alighted ajid drew Tirfing, mid killed the boar ; but 
on looking around, lie could sec no one but hia foBt«r-«OD, 
■od Tirfing could only be oppeaaed with warm human blood, 
and lie slew the unfortunate youth. Finally, King Ileidrekcr 
was murdered in his bed by his tjcottish slaves, who carried 
ofl'Tirfing; but liis son AuGautyr, who sueeueded him, dis- 
eorarod and put them to aeatli, atid recovered the magic 
blade. In battle against the Iluns he aft*r«-nnis made grent 
slaughter; but among the alaiii waa fomid liis own brother 
Laudtir. And so ends the hiatory of the Dwarf-sword 

Liko Alf, the word Duergr has retained its place in the 
Teutonic languageK. Dvcrgt is the term still used in the 
north ; the Geniiana have Zwcrg, and we Dwarf,J which, 
however, ia never syuouymous with Fairy, as Elf is. Ihro 

• ilFrrinr Bag* poirim. Th» Tirling Stgs would b* it« mm propw 
•ppdlallon. In povua tail romnnllc intcmt it rifrcili >U ihs Duiihcrn 

+ Id SmeHiiib lirtii ilio ■iuiitflr« » »iiii!er. 

1 In ilin uld Si>:«!i>h nirihcsl hiiui} af Aleiuider, Ihc voni i>iwr^ ociiun. 
The urogrim in tbo EiElith wind li ufMmns Anglo'jSuaD b^I^X' ''■*■">* 

A mkM thill h m pifMn^re 
Atid s durrir nic fatDiiglu hen) 

IiifUaut Ducvnm*. 

UmIj, iflMI^, H In old Swfdiih. 

tPDU AXU sia». 


pets all the otyiDons proposod for H, Buch, for extimplc. u 
that of Oudmund Andrviv, di'ot I/17W; uiil with abunduit 

Suint- liave thought that by the Dwarfs were to be uudor* 
tiood the Kians. tlio origicinl inlinbilnnlsof the countrf.who 
were (irivcn to thv moutitjiiuM by thu Scnndiuiivimn. nm! who 
]>r«bably eiCi-'Uod the uew-ooiiiew in ihti art of workiiiid; tbt-ir 
mioes and niaimracturiag tb^ produce. Thorlacius. ou th« 
coutrarj, thinkn tlint it wm Odin atid his foUowere, who came 
from tho countrr <if tho ChulybiM, that brought the motftU 
lur;{io ttrta into Scandinavia. 

Perhapfl the aimplcst iwcount of the origin of tho Dwarfs 
i*. that wbea, in thn itpirit of bU nnciout relijpons, the nub- 
t«mMiniui poweniof uuture were to be petsonined, tbeaulhoni 
of the syiiteui, from obaerrin({ that people of small stature 
UsuallT excel iu craft and iogcuuity, took occasioD to reprt^ 
STDt Uic being* who fonard cryntalx and purifieil tnrtnis 
within the bowola of the eurth lu uf dimiuutive aize, which 
aba eorrf eponded better with the power as^ign.-'d them of 
•tipping torough the fissures aud interstices of rocks aud 
BtonM. Similar obscrration* led to thu rrpruit^ntiitioii of 
tlift wild aiid awful puno-* of brute imture uuder the formal 
huge giautd. 


I Wf9 AC h»n4lr«<lfl Trnlda* 

Utd huugm tafle drtkks »« ■>!•. 
'htfTV v«rq tfTwn mriil ■ himilrTd Tfoll^ 

Boib ut wkt drink inili bliu. 

DEB tha QAiue of S<.'aiidinavia nro included tlie kiiiRdoina 

Fcdcn, Denmark, and Norway, which orcc had a'common 

ellgion Ukd n conitiion UTitjiin^c. Their religion is still oue, 
Fknd thoir liuijfuaKi-B diffi-r but little ; we tUen-'fore fcel that 
we may «afolv treat of their FaJry Mj'tholoi(y together. 

Our principiil aiitliorities nrc the i;iillpi.'tion of Danish 

pnpiiliir trndilicmai, imbliHiiod by 5Ir. Thicle,* the eelwt 

Diuiidh ballads of Nyerup aud Kalibefe.t and the Swedish 

ballads of UciJT and Af/.^liut.^ As most of the priiiiHpal 

Danish ballnilt^ trcatiag ()f Elves, cti^., hnve bepn nlrcAuy tran»- 

lat«d by Dr. Janiiesou, we wiil not insert thcro here ; but 

trnuslate. iiurt^ud. tli» corresponding Swedish ones, which arf 

in general of greater simplicity, ana often coDtoin additinnnl 

J traits of popular belief. As we prefnr fidelity to poliBh, tlie 

Hwdn* must not he ofrciided at tuitiqu? niodcB of txprewioB 

■iid imperfeot rinies. Our rimes we can. however, safely 

Bay shall be at least as perfect as those of our originnlE. 

These ballade. Done of whicb ore lat«r tbwi the fiA«enth 

* Pintkf Folkrwpi, 1 loU. I3ma. Copmh. ISIS— 33. 

\ Tdntgilv Itanilm Vixr In Mi'l'lrliil')«rn, A leli. I^mo. Cap«l>l>. 1B13. 

; 9nn<li4 Folk-Vunr fiin Fntiiliiltn, 3 inli. n»*, Siockbolni, !8H— Ifi. 
Wc list* nni tno tbo Uu (sllrciion of ArrldMDii ij*iii*<l STiaikii Paniitn|«, 
k > isli. 8(0. 



contiirj', nrc written in a straioi of the most artlcsB Bimplicitv; 
not ilie sliglil«%t attempt nt omiuncnt is to bo iliacenictl in 
tlioDi; the Baiiit> idooa auA esprecMons continually recur; 
nnd tlie rimes are the ui'iat cmvUvv iuiugiiiuble, often a mere 
attonaante iu towels or coiiHontiDtB ; Kiiui?tiinps not po»C»»- 
iotf uven that alislit 8iiiiiliirit)c of flaiuid. Eveir ViMk or 
ballad boa its eiagTc or double Omqiued * or burik'U, wlucb, 
like o running aceompaiilmeut in uiuaic, £reQueutly fkUa in 
with thf moiit hnppv effect; sonictinieB recalling former joyi 
or BorrowA ; somrtinitji, by the cwntinmil m<-nlion of •uiua 
attribute of ouD oftbe seiiaoiui, especially the summer, keep* 
ing up in the mind of tho reader or bearers the forma of 
exionial natun-. 

It is siiijfular to obtierve the Btroiig rt-at^rublauctf belveeo 
tho Scindiunvian ballads and those of Euglnnd and ScotUnd, 
uot merolv in manner but in subject. Tlic tSeottisli tKiIInd 
lirst menlioui-d below is mi iustouoe ; it ia to bu met v> ith in 
Rngland. in the Feroes, ui Ueuuiark. and in Sweden, with 
terj- slight dirtVreneos. Geijcr observes, that the two birt 
alaoeu of ' Wilbam and Margaret,' in Percy's IteUquua, 
an ncArlv vnrd for wonl tho maac aa the two lust in tho 
Svodish ballad of ' Boaa Lilla,' f aud in ibe corresponding 

* Tlv miirr will And t, Swiiidil itnunrr of k doHblt Omqiwd IB tW 
8c9tt]ib bullul oTlliK Cninl %'ttrt 

TUirt mn IKo Mioi m in ^ binnr, 

ISmautrii u Hinnitnt 
ThiTfl amn ■ knight to Iw thrir wonnr 
Jig llir tmrnT/ mUl-dam it/ Bmtibrk. 
AM iu tLg Crorl Rmtiici, 

Tlii^n Hvrr tbme Uilin plATrit %t the bft\ 

With a h*igh Aa and a fiJy yiy ; 
TIirr« nine i kiilftiE siiU ulnjid o'<r ibaB •', 
j|) litpriianti rprtadt m latrllg. 
n* Komd ud ruitdh iluci tn mpriitnl in ««>' lUuu. 
^ Tbc*t li« ill* Swvcliall icn*» : 

Dtt tIUw upb £i(iar i* btft* dmt [nf, 

JIfwI Aran eJi nwrf iygik— 

Dt ^Kxc* lUiunfUAD ntrd lUi hha bUd, 

J nnnm vil', / rirmen tiU hade Tutor wA 'ifffr, 

D<( itiu upu Aitnr ur Md> dont mui. 

Do vli.iie tilidrnn^mk L fAerraiv lundb 

78 K.TM. 

Duiisli one. This mieht perhaps leikd to the Kuppoaition of 
many oi these bnllivia Iiuviiik come down from the time whea 
tbe conneiion waa so iiitiiu&t« betwoen this country and 

We will divide tbc ScandinAvioD obWta of populnr belief 
into four cWaes :— 1. Tlie Bvl-s ; 2. The Dwarfs, or Trolls. 
M they arc usuallv colled; 8. TheNuaes; a&d 4. The Neolu, 
Mermen, and MermnidH.* 


DtlTtEft 1^ flodtnot naii 
Dwqiauaf mdukMi tin hUgUjidrlrl. 
IM ll1H>iO •I«l>nilu luiid. 

Bit. knanal Hum Itw KtrW c^x hadjofoat naif 

TEis hjtnki ^r ■irmmji 4rc Ihelr hmnc'; 
Thnf Hpln of Ihf miJ^niihlnf thfilr holld&f-ilrvfVi 

Wltta (tielr lUf'Whlu btDd* fnllMMne. 

Thb Alfar still live in the memory and traditions of tiio 
peasantry of Scandinavia. They also, to a cortnin Pitont, 
retain their diatiiidion into White auii Black. Thu fomiur, 
or the Good Elves, dwidl in the air, dance on the grasa, 
or sit in the leaves of trees; the latter, or Efil I'tvee, are 
rejfnrded as .in underground people, who frequently inflict 
sickness or inmrv on mnnkind; for which there is a pai^ 
ticular kind of doctors called Khka man.t to be met with 
in all parts of the countiy. 

* Saw trtAcn majr viith lo knaw (lie pmprr mDde of |iraDaltndnf aurJi 

fvEian »n ipTo ihc fnlloivrng liifLirmiUnn. J it pmiiuiin«J u ouf jf ; vTifb 
u atmrt bciwccn ■ eoiitouBiiE wiJ % *aircl, il ii "cry tfmrL, Isko ibe y Thai Li 
cipmiH. but not wriiicn, iu uino^ Knjilith minli ufirr c anJ j .■ ihni ijar ta 
prfluntirircd tary aaart;f u corr : u tminili Hkc thr Utrman tl. ctr Fnncb m f 
tt vXxcT auoLh«T conunanL Et ranJj aounilnl, Trolil i* pronoDoted Trvtl : oa, 
itbEch lh« Sm^ef vrita a, aa o io mOTV, fcrtf. Aatbuai li pronniiorril 

t Thai ia, Wua PiPpU a CaniuroK, Turj aniiR* U Ib^ Faiij-wiiixa tf 



The Elvea uc believed to have their king*, and to crlrhmte 
thoir nTdiliiii^ luid banquctit, jimt tho same aa the dwt-Ucni 
obovc groiiiid. There in nn inlercstiiiK intermediate elaas of 
them in iKipuInr trndilion called the liill-pooplo (M-'-jfolk), 
who are tmlieved to dwell in caves and small hilla : whi^n tho]' 
show tbpinBclves thcj harca hnndHDTnc hunino form. The oom- 
mon pcopU- "ci'tii lo roiiiiti-t w ilh thuui a deep ffeiing of melan ■ 
cholv, us if IwwmliuKa haif-ijui'nfhfd hope of redi'mption.* 

Tnero are only a tew old persons now who can tell any 
thing more about thrm than of thr sweet tiiugiiig that may 
<>ocauonnlly on »uumit-r niKlila be heard out of their hilla, 
when one stands atill and lixlcns, or, ne it is expressed in 
tho biJljidn, "lays his par to tin.' Klve-hill" (lUggivr till ora 
till Elfiithogg): but no ono muBt be so cruel aa, by tho 
slightest word, to desitrov their hopes of salvation, for then 
the «j)ritoly music will be turned into vccping and 
lamentation, t 

The Knrwct^ann call the Elves Iluldmfolli. and their 
iDOsic ILuldrunlaat : it ia iu the minor key, and of a dull 
and mournful HOund. Tlie inountaineera sometimes play it, 
and prrlcnd they have learned it bv listeiiingtn the undcr- 
grouud people amone the hills anJ rucka. There is also a 
tun» called the Ef-feing's tune, which several of the good 
jftddlera know right well, but never venture to play, fur as 
'■oon aa it bpgina both old nnd yoiinc, and oven inanimate 
objecta, are impelled to dance, and tue iilnyer cncuoC titop 
unlcTC he can play the air backwards, or tliat aome one cornea 
behind him and cuts the rtringn of his fiddlo.l 

The little underground Elvea, who arv believed to dwell 

* Aft«liai i* of ofinion thu ibii oDiion mptctirit (lit IIit]-|Mopla i> 
^•HTed fr^O) ihp limv of llae inlrwluclJDn af I'brmuoUj into LJic laurEb. uid 
•iprrvti \ht tjaftxhy at tbs Rni conrcrU with ihrlr fonfithcn, who bid 
dM wlibool 4 Lncmlodfe of ibo Hrifremer, uil \i,j biinci) \n fa«4lhcQ «rth, 
mud vbflK uuliifi^ijr lytnU wen cLuEjmoJ l4 mdilcr ibout IhoH lower ri^gSan^ 
or ligh wlthiD tlitif uiutiadi ul] Ibc pral i%y uf rodemptinn, 

■h ** Alwul titicrtt jran •f," ujt (Minu) (Buhutlkn, f, 80), ** pco|ijB 
Died tfl br«r, oul of Ihc bill unilcl Oinin, in Ihr ptnih of Tinum, lh« iiLjiuj, 
•» il wfrri, of tbo rtij brtt niuilclani. Anj one Ihcie ■rhn bid > tiildlr, md 
«<(bcd Id plij. ma Uughl La in iiiiUul. pfovidtd llisi prooiimd Ibi-m n.Um- 
Um ; bill irhorirr did not do u. mlf ht h™i iheui wiibin, in ibr bill, bn i>liln| 
Ibelf tlolint to plKTo, «nd wKplnj billed)'." See Oiiinm. DcuL Mjtb. ilL 
i Arndi, ItiiM nub Scbwedr^iT, 241. 




und(^ tbe hooMS of nunVind. are dewribed as RportiYO mi 
mtacliievoiu, Hul H imit.-iting nil th« aetioiM of hicd. Tbey 
we uid to lo*e clmuilincM oKiut the faaiiM and plaoe, and to 
reward surU servants as are neat and dMnlj. 

Tbon woe one tune, it is said, a mraat giri, who «m for 
bcr eleanljr, ttdjr habita, ^rratljr bwlovod hj tkc KWeo, par' 
tivularijr aa abe was Areful lo aary away all dirt and tbul 
water to a diatanoe from the liouae, and tbey once inritijd 
iter to B wedding. Every tiling wu coadoctcd in tbr grntevl 
order, and tJiey made her a prcucnt of wmc chtim, vbifik abe 
look KOod*bnmoui«dlj and init into her pocket. But when 
tlio brid«-pair WM oominff tuere n-as a atraw unluokilr Ijing 
in tho way, the bridegnram got ctorerly over it, but tho pour 
bride full on hrr Tace. At Uio night of thi* tbu girl could 
not reatrain lierwelf, but bunt out n-lauKliiaf;- '^^ ^'^ 
initaot the whole vauislied Croni ker aiKht. Noit day, to her 
utter anuievmrnt, sbo found that what the hod taken to be 
nothing but chips, woro so mtanr niecea of puro gtild.* 

A dau^-'Riaid at a place cotlcu SkibohuM-t (f A« SMp-hotue), 
in Odenae, wae not so fortunate. A colimy of Elvea had taken 
up their abodo under tbe floor of tbe oownoiue, or it is tnoro 
Ukelv, wcTO there before it waa made a cowhouw. llowerer, 
the clirt and lilth that the nttle made HiiiK>yed them beyond 
iiieasure, and they gave the daiiy-maid to understand that 
if she did not renioie tbe cows, she would Itafe TtMon to 
repent it. Mho gave little heed to their repn-wentatlona ; 
anid it waa out vei^- long till they set h<^r up on top of the 
bay-rick. auU killed all the oown*. It ia aaid tliat they were 
aeon on the aame night removing in a great hurry iron the 
cowhouno down to tbe meadow, and that they ixml in little 
ooachee; and llieir king wna in the firat coach, wliicfa wae 
far more stately and magniliccnt thou the rest. They have 
erpr since lired iu the meadow .t 

* flveniki FoIt'Tiur, lal. lil. p. IAD. Tlivrt ii « tlmlbf It^nd \m 
OtnntKj. A icKul, an* iloif, tr^i-s *sic o< Ihr liiilt »i« (07 htiii-MI M 
■any • MbjIv (nin of ohm, bunt oui iHijhinit si liiin. ta ■ nf. h* 
(hi** ll «ii t)i> (Hund. uid il [in»«d 10 Im Uit pninl gnlJ. Bal hr wid hia 
•n*nda>qii«i*id the buiie,uiil ii ipiciti]* mnt u ileaj^— SomIl B«<hr. r. 
IMttn, f. 134. mp. Onmoi, Iniml., iic, ^ 90, 

1- Tbhlc, i*L It. p. 33. -Die^ nn ollrj IVdIIi In Ibe OltgUul. A> tL«7 
UJkfciH, MlUahllMBSHlnntwu l^n^ The Dmrb Ibm laof MiMi 
iMMid noaankr. 






The Eli«s arc citreinely fond of dnncing in tde inc«d<i«-e( 
«■lll^^e they form Ihoae ciri'IeN of a UveliiT green which from 
lliem arocalied Eif-daneo {E^daru). When the coiintrjf 
people Bee in the morning stripes alooq the dowr gnus in 
tho wood« ntiil nicuitiiw!!, they nay the Eltcs axfc ticcti 
ilancin^ t)i«ro. If any one fchoiild at miiluigtit girt within 
their circle, they bccomo visible to him, and they may then 
illude him. It in not nrciy oun thut cnn see the Elves-, nnd 
one person may awe them daiifiiig while anulhcr pereriTe* 
nothing. SuncUy children, ae they arc called, t, c. thotie 
born on Sunday, nrc rcinnrknhle tor posspssing this property 
of seeing Elvi-n and Kimilnj' hcings. The Elvi-s. howeter. have 
the nowerr to bciituw this gift on wliomsoerer they plcji^. 
People also used to spcnk of Elf-hook» which they cave to 
tluM0 whom they lovi^ and which enabled them to forct<;li 
futw event*. 

Tli« Elrea often sit in little BtoDOa that are of a cireular 
form, and aro called I'.lf-millB {Elf-qu<inwr) ; the sound of 
their voife i» unid to be sweet fmd soft like the air.* 

TIw Dntiinh peanantry give the following account of Iheir 
Ellefolk or Elvi^-iieople. 

Tlie Elle-people live in the Ello-moors. Tho ApprnTance 
of the man IK that of an old man with a loir-crowned hat on 
hia head ; the Klle-womaii in vouug and of a fair and 
attnustive coiiiiteiiance, but betiiiid she ia hollow like a 
dough-trough. Young men should be cspccinlly on thoir 
guard agaiuft her, for it is verv difEcult t<) n-sirt her ; and 
she haa, moreover, a Ktringed mstniiueiit, which, when uhe 
[vlays on it, quite ruviahea their hearts. The man may be 
often seen near the Elle-moora, hnthing himxelf in the Kun< 
bi'amii, hilt if any one eomes Uw new hiui, liii opeim hia 
mouth wiile and brenlhca upon them, and his breath produces 
eicksesa and pertUence. liut the woroen arc nioft froqucn^ 
to be seen hv moonshine ; then tlicy dunce their rounds iu 
the high gnuis so lightly and so gracefiilly, that they seldom 
meet a ch-niid when they offer their band to a ra»h young 
man. It ia also necessary to watch cattle, that they may 
not graze in any place where the £tle-peopLe have beeu; tor 

* Tin jrwier wl at nlwl tiRc«dea bu boa Uk«D fnn Abtlioi bi ths 
SiTDik* Tb«r, vol. UL 




'S anj animal come to a place wlit-re tlio Elle-]jeop!i> liare 
•pit, or dono what is worao, it is atiackod bv some gricvoua 
(liae&ae wliich can onljr be cured by giving it to etit a hand* 
ful of St. John's wort, wlui-b bad boeu pulled at twelve 
o'clock on St. John's night. It iiii|;;ht also hnppcn that thej 
might aiistniu some injury by mixing nith tlici EUp-jienple's 
(.'attle, whii-'h ore very large, and of a blue colour, aiid wliidi 
may sometimes be seen iu tbo fic^ida licking up tlio dew, on 
which tliey live. But tbo fkrmcr has an easy remedy iigniurt 
this evil ; for he hna only to gi> to tlie EUtshill wiieu bt* in 
turning out his cattle and to say, " Thou little Troll ! may 1 
ersuc my cows on thy hill ?" And if he is not probibitod, 
he may set his mind nt rest.* 

The following bnllnds and tal« will fully justify what hfla 
been said respettiug tiie tone of m«laQcboly connected with 
the subject of the Elves.t 

^ir Oldf in tbr eibi'Bjintr. 

Sir Olof be rode out at early day, 
And so ciunc he unto nn Elve-duice g&j. 

The dance it goes well. 

So well in the grovo. 

The Elvo-&thcr reached out his white liand free, 
" Come, come. Sir Olof, trood the dance with ra».' 
The dance it goes well, 

So well in the grove. 

" O nought I will, and ooueht I may. 
To-morrow will bo my weddiug-day. 

Tbo doQce it got* well. 

So well in the grovo^ 

• Thialc, i*. 3G, 

i ta ill* dlilinclion whlcb wc bin inirlv boiumn lli* RIn* uil Dwarb 
■• tti Ihil «r 11* jiutlKAil b]> tbe ]npulir cmd af th« Niinn(UBa. — ''V- 
p. IP, ap. QrlnuD, Dtutulic Hylbgluijlt. p. Wi. 



AaS tV El«»-(notlier reached out her whit* hand &we, 
"Come, come, Sir Olof, trrad the douce with me." 

^TIle dunce it goes well, 
80 well in tho grove. 

" nought I will, and nought I mar, 
rTo-moiTOw will be my wedding-day. 
I Th« danoe it goea wcU, 

' So veil in the grove. 

And the I3Te-nst«r reached out her vhite baud (tm, 
"" Come, come, Sir Olof, trend tho donco with me." 

Hie dance it goes well, 

80 well in the grove. 

** nought I will, and nought I mar, 
To-morrow will be my wed^ng-dny.^' 

»Tho dance it goes well, 
Ho well in the grovt*. 

And the bride ahe spalie with her bride-m&ida m^ 
" What may it mean that the bells thua go F" 
The dance it goea well, 

fSo well in the grove. 
" Tia the custom of this our iale," they replied ) 
" Each ypUDs sn'nin ringeth home his Dride." 
The (Wee it goea well. 
So well in the grove. 

** And the truth from ^ou to conceal I fear. 
Sir Olof is dead, and Les on his bier." 

»Thc dfuioo it goea well. 
So well in the grove. 

And on the niurrow, ere light was the d&j, 

fin Sir Olof s house three corpses lay. 
[ The dance it goes well, 

So well in the grove. 

It was Sir Olof, his bonny bride, 
[And eke his mother, of sorrow she died. 
The dati(« it goes well, 
80 well in tho grove.* 

■ Srnilu Viior, ill. IAS, u naof In tipl ind and Cut finlhlotiil 

a 8 

C1|c €lt-tSBamm uiQ £fr 6liif> 

8i« Olof rideth out ere dawn, 
BreiUccth drt}', faileth rtmej 

Brigtit dav him citnii^ on. 
Sir (ilof conieth lioine, 
Whou the wood it ia leaf-greeu. 

Sir Olof rides by Boruya, 

Breoketh aa,j. falletiv rime j 

Meets a dnuce of Hives bo (piv. 
Sir Olof coraeth home, 
Whon the wood it w Icaf-green. 

Tiiere daiicetL Etf aiidElve-nmid, 
Breaketh day. folleth rime ; 

Elvo-king'a dniigWr. with her flying hair. 
8ir Olof Cometh home, 
When the wood it i» leaf-grecn. 

Elve-king's daughter reneheth her hand frae, 
BreaJceth &y, faileth rime ; 

" Come here. Sir Olof, tread the dance with ma." 
Sir Olof Cometh home. 
When the wood it is leaf-green. 

" Nought I tread the dance with thee," 

Brenketh dny, fiilleth nTiie ; 
" My bride hath that forhiddeo me." 

Sir Olof eometh home. 

"When the wood it ia leaf-green. 

"Nought I will and nought I may," 
Breoketh dny. faileth rime; 

" To-morrow is my wedding-day." 
Bir Olof Cometh home, 
When the wood it i« leaf-green. 



" Wih thou not tnnd the dnnce with me P" 

Breakelh day, fiilleth rime; 
" An pvil shall 1 fix on thee." 

Sir Olof Cometh homp. 

When the vood it is lenf-greeu. 

Sir Olof turued liis horse tberefrom, 
Breakctli day, tklleth rime; 

Sickness nod ptnguc follow him home. 
Sir Oiof Cometh home, 
When tiie wood il i» k-af-green. 

SirOlof to his mother'a rode, 
BruJieth dny, fallcth rime; 

Out before him his mother stood. 
Sir Olof oometh home, 
WhoD the wood it ia leaf-green. 

"Welcome, welcome, my dear sou" 
Brenketh d»y, fallcth rime ; 

*■ Wliv is thy rosy cheek so wan ?" 
Sir Olof L-ometh Uume, 
When the wood it is leaf-green. 

' My colt WM swift and I tardy," 
Breaketh day, fnlleth rime ; 
"I knooked agabst a green ouk-tr©e," 
Sir Olof eometh home, 
"When the wood it is leaf-grcMi, 

" My dear pintcr, prepare my bed," 
Breiikrth day, fiuk-th nme ; 

"My dear brother, take my horde to the mewL" 
Sir Olof coraeth home. 
When the wood it is tcof-green. 

" My dear mother, brush my hair," 
'Breaketh day, fullcth nme; 

* My dear father, nmke me a bJisr." 
Sir Olof conieth home, 
When the wood it ia leaf-green. 


' Hj dear son, that do not eaj," 
BreBketh Uav, fidlctli lime; 
To-morrow is tiy ncddiug-day." 
Sir Olof Cometh home, 
Wlien the wood it is leof-greea. 

" Be it when it will betide," 

Breaketli duj, l'alk>th rime ; 

" I ne'er ehall come unto my Vride." 
Bar Olof Cometh home, 
When the wood it is leaf-green.* 

W%f 9ottns AlDiiCn anli (T)f CUM. 

I WAS a faandHome ,Toung swain, 
Aiid to the court should ride. 
I rode out in the cTenlng-hour ; 
In the rosy grove I to sieep me laiil. 
Since I her first atkv, 

I Inid me under a liod bd green, 
Mj' eyea they sunk in tJ«'ep ; 
miere c«me two mnideuB goine klon^ 
TbiBj iaia would with me speu. 
Binee I her Gret saw. 

The one she tapped me on my cheek. 
The other whispered in my ear: 
" Stand up, haiid»unie young swnin. 
If thou list of love Ui hear." 
Since 1 her first saw. 

" Bimtli Tjwrr, lii. 165, fn™ » MS. In ih» Royil Lftinr?. Thit tat 
\hr prvf^ilJtif milt in vuikiioiu of iIid Danjab tUllv] i>f Rlrnkuil, tf hicb ku 
bcpn trmnnUtrd bjr Dr. Jniqitaon (pLTpiiUr RaUiLcta, J- ?)f)). bnit hj hewU ID 
Ihv Tain of WDciiicr- Tht Hipinlii}] niiEcin yivw II tUtrd vftrUiinn from Rwl 
HoihUnd. A CDmpiTituu of ihc mu bidl^B wiib r^ch otl,vr, knd iriih \hn 
n>iii<h eat, wtU cmitla the mdrr la Judjje of l)i« mcdiHaiinni x nibjMt 
uiidiriiDei ill different puu of « couatrj. 

They led tlion forth a nuiden, 
Who8o h&ir like gold did altine : 
" Stiuid up, honddiomci roung ■wain. 
If thou t» joy iinJitu;. 

Siuoe 1 Lor firat aaw. 

Tho third began a toaa to iiii|[, 
With goijd will she did bo; 
Thereat stood the rapid Btream, 
Which biffbro wn« wont to Bow, 
Sineo I her tint aaw. 

Thereat stood the mpid stream, 
Whiuh hefore was wont to flow ; 
And the hiud all with her hnir M browu, 
Forgot whither ftho shotild go. 
Siiico 1 her first luiw. 

I got mo up from off the ground, 
And Iwined my Bword upon ; 
Tho Ktrc-wonirrn dniiiM'd in And out, 
All had they the Elve faahida. 
tSinco I hor first saw. 

llftd not fnrtiine been to me bo good, 
TImt llie coek his wiiigs cUpped than, 
1 had slept within the hill that night. 
All with the Elvc-woni^n. 

Sinco J her firtt mw.* 


■ SmiiInVlnr,lll.fLiri>. T)i[> b ihc KU«l.aj or th* l>ifli>h hiliidi, 

Mn]alcdbr'<>tn'<*°'i(t 91£), Uiil bt Ltwli. In tbo dlirnnni ilKcdiih nHL- 
(Isnt, \iitj in llifiFnien, 1, (. McriUBidi, wbo •iteoipl In Hdu«;aungn»B U 
tli«tr lore fij (h« ottcl of rottlj pnirAU, 

A DiDJih Irfrnd (Thlrlg, 1, Q'i) nU[» IhU > poor mui, *ho wu nrking 
B<sr Oillfibjrrf, « hsuDird falll, iij dovn an ll lo n*l tiSmirlr in t)'t miiiHlo 
of ihr ili;. SDddcfiljr ihrrp (gijiMrTd Mom bim k bnatifiil muilrn, irith ■ 
(nid (Dp in hrr ban<l. Sh" mmili njini la blm to conn nru, Init irhfn lh« 
itiin in tiia frifhi mad* tbr uga nf iho cnm, iba mi ob)ip4 w lun rausd 
ud lim bt nw bn huk ibat it nt belluw. 


#brnli Jfltrting mitt ttr OUC'^nlV. 

SrEND P^LLiNo wna, wJiile a little boy, at aervio« 

Hi eller-wood- house in Pranilty ; luid it one time happOL 

thnl ti(! hikd to rido of & message to Eiatmp. It wu irvming 
lii'l'ort! Ik- Kot nuar home, aitd aa he eitiiio by tlio hill of 
Borum Eb. ill' Kiw the Kllivmnida, who were daiieiiiK without 
cenaiug rouud aud round his horse. Then ono of the KUt-- 
maids atept up to him, aud rcnohcd him n drinking cup, 
biddiug him at thi.- vume timi- tt> driiilc. }>vi'ud look tue 
rup, but as he was dubious of the nature of the eonteuts, he 
Rung it out over iiis shoulder, where it fell on the horse's back, 
and siDcod off all the hnir. While he bad the honi fast in 
his han^, he gavt! his horito the *.jniva and rode o>f full opeod. 
Tiie Eill^-ma^d piirsiif'd him till he came to Triaebraud'a 
mill, aud nade tliraugh the rumiiug water, over which she 
oould not follow liim. She then earnestly cai\jurttd 8*n>il 
to give hot back the bom, promising him in eiehanifo twelw 
men's strength. Ou thia condition ho gare buck the hom, 
and (rot what she hud promised lum ; but it very frequently 
put him to ercnt inconvenience, for he found that nJoug 
with it he liau gotten an appetite for twrlve.* 

• niclo. il. 67. Pniulr^ iiin J»tliin<l. Hvcnit (i.e. Amhi) Pulllog i«k 
oUbnicil chaiuici in Uwiiili inUiitun ; bn ii K|pin1(Kl u a Mtond |]«lgcr 
Ihnkkv, tiiil hf U the hcfo of iwu of ihv ICj^Jipe Vk>rt. In S*«ilFfi he U 
luaiH 8uen tHrilngor FuUluff. Gfiotui Iioa liiown llifti lie Hnil 8i^id u« 
Ihe Miue penoQ, Deula^he MjtJiologtfl. p. 3IA. lu the Nllwli'i>|fen Lied 
(■1. 3iA) atnt (Slgunl) ^ti llie tireafEth of twelve ineA bv »e4rlDf Uio 
tarntappt ai the dwarf Albrii^h. Anmlier indltiun, jiReeiiiic to be men- 
Ibned, H_v< \t wtm troai a Dwnfflie fol hit itiengtb, for eid^iig lilni In b«Itt« 
Afkuiflt uriflilter Dvirf. It U nddr4. thnl wheii Svend ame home m tlio 
evening, aftur hi> (dfnliirr «i1h the Elle-inudl. the ptojile wire dnnhiiig 
tbtfir Yulc-bter, and tbev wnt bim dnim for k fre«h tujiply. Svpnd irrni 
wllbgiii H/iiii ujiliiag, ud trturwd vith K burrl in eich hand tnd so* 
■Oder eaih am. 


CT)! CTlt-fRtOU. 

TiiRKi lired a idaq in Aasuni, near Od4Mi3C, vho, ns he irai 
coring liome one niglit I'riim Seilcn, pissed bv n hill thnt 
waa BtwiUing ou red pilliire, and undemeatli Ihere was 
ditiK-iii;; and >rn!al festirity. llo hurried ou past tliG liill aa 
(Hut iiM he could, never venturing to cart his eyes that way, 
Bui aa he went along, two fair niiudpiis came to meet hini, 
with bi^autiful Lair Quatiug over their shouldent. and one of 
tliiMn held a cup in \wr hand, which she reached out to hini 
thnt he might arink of it. The other then naked him if )io 
would come ngaiii, at which hi' lunched, niid answered, Tcbi. 
But when he gat botno he becamu strati^ly alTected in hia 
miQil, wns never at cuw in hlinaclf, and w.ia continually 
■^ng that he hud promised to go bock. And when they 
watched him cluscly tn pixrvent his doing so, he at lart tort 
hifl aeaatea, and died shortly after.* 

jMhiO Wiu. 

Thebr was once a wedding and a sreat entert'tunment at 
(lidterha-singc. The par'ly did not break up till morning, 
and the KUOvtR took their departure with a gn-itl deal of 
noist! and bustle. Wliile tliey were puttiug tlieir horses to 
their carriages, prcviuiia lu setting out home, they stood 
talking about their rcvpectirc briaid-p resents. And wliile 
they were talking loudfv, mid with tlie utmost earnestness, 
there caniG fn>iu a iifi;;lih(iuriii)> moor a maiden clad in 
grei-n, with plait«d niahea on her head ; she went up to the 
man who waa loudest, and bragging most of his preseut, and 
■aid to him: "What wilt thou give to uiaid Vie?" Tlie 

Thicle, lii. lU. CMcnie li tn Funcn. 

DiAU, who waa elevated with kII the ale and brandy he hud 
been drinkins. snatched up a whip, and replied : " Ten cuts 
of my whip ; ' aud that very moment he dropt down dead 
on the ground.* 

Ot tOt^KMSa max (ndtoft. 

A FxitJniB'i boy waa keeping cows not Tur fmm Ebeltoft. 
There caino to him a very Inir aiid pretly git'l. and ehe 
ukcd him il' be vna hungry or thiraty. But when ha per- 
ceived that she guarded witli the greuteat solicitude against 
his getting a siglit of her back,he immediately Buaoeeltsd 
that sho must be an EUo-itiaid, for the KUe-peoplo are hollow 
behind. He norordingly would give no need to her, and 
endeavoured to get away from her ; btit when »he perceived 
thin, abe ollercd him her breaat that he should suck her. 
Aud so great wua tlie euchautuieiit that accoinpanied this 
Action, that he waa unable to reaist it. But when he had 
done »a she desired him, he had no longer any commaad of 
hiaiself, so that ahc had now no difficulty in enticing hiiu 
with her. 

]lc waa three d-iys away, daring which time hia father and 
mother went home, and were in great lUHietion, for they 
Mere well aaaured that he must have been enticed away. 
But on the fourth day hix father aaw hiin a long way off 
coming home, and he desired his wife to 8ct a pan of meat 
on tlie fire us quick as possible. The son then came in at 
the door, and sat down at the table without saying a word. 
The father, too, remained quite silent, aa if every thing waa 
a* it ought to be- Kis mother then set the meat before 
him, luul hia father bid him eat, but he let the food Ue 
untouched, aud Baid that lie knew now where ho could get 
mueh better food. The father then became highly eiinigeil, 
took a good large switch, and once more ordered him to take 


* Thirl*, l> lOS. (csnmiHiicatHl). Sncb legmdi, M Mr. Thicio Ifuncd 
dlrp^lf from ihv inouiJit of the pewAiiiry, ht ivtidb oral ; ihov he ]>tT^iirM 
(nm liii friFiiili, nminiMHoalnt. (EiitiLiHlflgf, tbe tnuc of iliii Irgi^d, i> ia 
llir iilutid of Funcn. 



Lu food. Tho bor was tlien obliged to eat. and u sooq m h« 
hnd tnstpd the flesh he nt« it up ^roediiy, and iustoiitly 
fell iaUi li dvcp aieep. lie Hh'pt for a« mauy days as the 
enchnntmoDl had lasted, but he never aiter rccoverad tho 
lue of hia r«iiaou.* 

ftani ^untltlrn'. 

Thxbi are three bilU on the lands of Bubbclf^uird in 
Firnen, which are to this dav called the DaiiL-e-hiUs, from 
the following occurrence. A lad nameil Hnos was at service 
in Bubbdgimrd, and iw he was coming one evening pnrt the 
hillfl. b« saw one of them raised on red pillars, ivnd great 
dancing and much merrintent luidemeath. lie waa no 
enchanted with the beauty and mni^ificcRce of what ho saw, 
that ho could not rcntriiin his curiosity, but was in a xtrange 
and wonderful nianiirr attr:icti-d nearer and nearer, till at 
last tho tairest of all the fair maidens that wore ibrre cniiie 
up to bim and eaTc him n kiss, rrom that momont he lost 
im command or himnvir. and became so violent, that he used 
to tear to pieces all the clothes that were put on him, «o 
that at la«t they were obliged to make Liiu a drt-ss of sole* 
leather, which ho coiili! not piil! off him ; and ever after he 
went by the name of llmm Puutltder, i. e. Sole-lcather.f 

AccordiDj; to Banish tradition, the Blle-kinfta, luider the 
denomiDAtion of Promontory- kings, {KlinUkonyer), keep 
watch and ward over the country. "VVheiK-vcr war, op any 
other misfortune, threatens to come oa the laud, tln-ro may 
hfl seen, on the promontory, complete armies, dranii up ia 
array to dvfcnd ttio country. 

One of theae kings resides at Moen, on the upot which 
still bears the name of King's-hJll {Kongdger^). His quoen 

* Thirl*, i. IIH. (jxunmunieated). Rbrlisn ii ■ rflltpt In Karib Jutltnd. 
f Tl>ii>le, 1«. S3. PtDED itia riRumBtuirit, ii vonid *|>|wir ilmi thcH wrn 
Blm knil not Xhnrl* ; hut dm (utnnl b« jMiIlm in ihio nuiiKk 





iH tlie most tM3autifu, of beingit, and sh« dwella at tlic Quoen'a 
Chair {Dronningstohii). This king ie a prent fripnd of the 
king of Stpvnn, luid they are both at enmity with Qrap, th« 
proniotitory-kiiig of Riigen, who niti-<t kt-ep ut a dialajic*, 
aud look out over the sea to wnti?h their approach. 

Another tradition, howrvpr, shvb, that there \» but one 
king, who rulev civet thii ht-'adlande of Muen, Stcvru, and 
Biigeri, He has a magnificent chariot, which ia drawu by 
four black horses, la tl)i« ho drives over tho sea, from ono 
promontory to nnnthrr. At nutdi times the sen grows black. 
Olid ia in great cimmmtion, mid tlie loud anortitig and neigh- 
ing of Ilia horaea may hn distinctly heard.* 

It wna once believed that no monarch dare come 
to St«Tns ; for the Elle-kiog would not peniiit him to crova 
the Btreani that bounds it. But Christian IV. pasBed it 
without oppo*ition, and aiuco hia time several Uanish 
monarcha linvu bet^n there. 

At Skjelakdr, in Zeiilnnd, reif^n another of theiic Jenlouii 
proniontorial eovercipna, named kingTolv (Tu-rhf). Hp will 
not Buffer a mortal prince to jjuas the bridf^ o} Kjolskor. 
Wo, too, betide the wntclininn who sliould venture to crv 
twelve o'clock in the village, hi~ might chance to find himself 
transported to the villago of Born; or to the Windmills. 

Ola people that have eyes for such things, declare they 
frequently see Kong Tolv rolling liimiteli'on the grins in the 
Bunsbine. On New-year's night he takc.t from mxe sinith'u 
forge or another nine new shoes for his horses; they must 
his always left ready for him, and with them the nooessary 
complement of naiis. 

Tiic Elle-king of Bcimholmt lels himself be occasionally 
heard with fife and drum, especially wlien war is at hand ; he 
may then be seen in the fields \nth his soldiers. This king 
Mill not auffrr an earthly monarch to puss more than three 
uighta on bis isle. 

In the popular creed there is some strange connexioo 
between the Jilvcs and the trees. Thev not only frequeul 
tliem, but they make au interchange of lorm with them, in 

■ Mtho and Sienii u« in Zralind. Ai RUjm doc* not brionf to lb* 
l>*Bidi D»Rtrali)r, ibe tnrmirt in-tition 1* ptolnb); ihv msM cortHl oa«. YM 
lb* UitM B»T be the arifrinal onii. 

^ nornhulii) it 1 Jiolin^ nt tmnll Litbinj, ni1ja(enl to Zr^lsnd. 



I churcli-ynrd of Store Heddiage,* in ZeaLaDd, there are 
the remnins of lui gnk wood. Tlicjc, Bay the t^onuDim pcnpio, 
ore thp Elk-- king' 3 BoMiiTB ; hy day tlit^y are trees, by uight 
valiant worriora. In the wood of Kuganrd, iu tho same 
island, in a true which by night heroines a whole ElJp-pfwpl<^ 
anil goca about all olive. It hoa tio leavus upon it, yet it 
would bo veiT uiwafo to go to break or fell it. fur the under^ 
eround'peoplo frequoatly liold their mcrtings tinder its 
branches. There in, in unothcr plarvs au cttter-tree growing 
in a, fortn-ynnl, h hich rrwjUfnlly lakcH a wiilk in the twilight 
about thi^ yard, and pwegis in through tho window at the 
children when they arc alone. 

It Vint. \Krhap*, thesis fddcr-treOH that giiTe origin to the 
notion. In DuniBh Jlylii or JI^l — a word not far removed 
from Elie— is Elder, nnd tho peaasntrv beliere that in or 
under the eMer-trne dwells a bring calli-il Hyldetnoer (EUer- 
molher), or Hvidi-iiuindi- {Eldn'-aaman), with hi-r nmiintranl 
spirits, t A Danish peasant, if he wanted to take any part 
of Hn elder-tree. UBCii prerionsly to say, three times — "' 0, 
Jlyldemopr, Jlyldcnocrl let mi- tiike »oTne of thy elder, and 
I will li't th«) taki! !>onii.-thina of niiiiu in return." If this 
was OHiiUed he would be severi^ly punished. They tell of a 
man who cut down on elder-tree, hut h« Mton oiler died Kod- 
denly. It i% moreovLT, not pnidiMit to luive any tiimitnw 
made vf eldn^wood. A cliild was once put to Ue in a cradle 
made of this wood, but Uyldtniocr camo and pulled it by 
tbo lego, and gave it. no rei't till it wa» put to sleep clai 
where. Old David ^fimrod rfhtti-s, that a nhitphera, one 
night, heard his thrive ehildren erying, and when he inquired 
tlw cause, thev said some one \\in\ boon mieking them. Their 
breoota werv found to be swclk'd, and tlier were r<imoviNl to 
aaotber room, where they were nuiet. The reanon ia e&id 
to have been that that room was noorod with elder. 

The linden or timi^ irvo is thu fnrourite haunt of tho 
Klvea and ooffuate buinga ; and it is not saie to be near it 
after eunAet.I 

* Th* FDr-klnEorSlfiriii hu bit hcdchuBWr in Ih* nL «f Ihitdiank 

^ Thit i* tTiclorttljr ihf Fnu Halle of (hn (Irrmvia, 

X Tba pncvding jiulicului u« til dcrind frsm U. Tbielt'i walk 



Tber brgds (ulk I Ih* Urc 
QutniKir oeb min, fOr niydLao Aaart. 

Hiir. ALU. Uui. OhUb. 

Wlihln O* bull Mk did wm, 
^'(Fmvi ■qd men, dmufi nvij^ ft an& 

Tub more usual ap^ieilation of the Dwarfa ia Troll or Trold,* 

a word oria:ina!ly »ignificaiit of any €tiT niiifir.-l- i^iant mou- 
nter, id itgitiaii, J or evil [H'raim ; Bui 111.' .', m a j^'hulI tiuiJiui* 
dive*t(.'d 111' ifa lU Beiiaos, fir the^Tnills are cot in general 
re^rdec! as noxious or niallsimnt bpiirRBr^ ~ " 

The Trulls are represented as dwelling instdejf IiilU, 
mounds, nod hillocli» — wlience they are also called HiU- 
pe<:^Ic (Bjrrt]fiiJk)—eomt^timea in aiiigle familiee, sometimes 
111 Bodt^tles. In the balt;ids they are described as having 
kings over them, but never bo ia the populur legend. 
Tbetr cluimct«r secma gradually to have sunk down to the 
level of the peaaautry, ui proportion sa the belief in them 
I was coDsigued to the samo class. They aro regarded as 

■ Thfra !• no ttjniDn of Ihii word. Il ii ta ba found In boib lbs Irclandie 
u)d UiD Finiiith Ui]|[iiii|tH ; vherhDr \he IbiIct bcprromd at comujuuiiAlDil il it 
uncoruin. Ihro Hem™ iho ii«".n of llio MirUrvicJ witirflU of Tiollliini. 
ntar OBiWr.luig, froiii TiuU, auJ Hmutr lappimkt, in iIijh. Il ibtirfore 
■namn Id tho Itiih Poul-a- Phaim. See Irrland. 

* In th« followinii lliin quaiid In iliD llcLmikrlDgb,!! would (hb W 
ufixifj tbo Dii M mw L. 

Tilt tif hinn TrH«(j! Trillium, 

Torf-Kinur dnp 8curfo. 

Then giT* ho Tmngni to the Trolli, 

Turf.Elnm ilrn Srnrfp. 

t Tho aocloni Oothle niUon nt nllnl Tn>1l br ihi'ir Vuidil ncigliboun 

(Junii Btuiii. a 17): Knnlinj; to Sir J, Mult^ln, tbo Tlriui »]1 iba 

CblBtw Dcen. It ma formoilf brlimil. hit Ihrt, ihil iha oobia laiaitf ol 

Trail. Ig Soadan, darind tbiir nisio fnmi lining killeil t Troll, lb«l li, 

pobablj, a DttUf. 

(finremd; rich fi>r .nhcn, .oa- gnat occasli^Ds nf fcRtin^, 
tKcy bni;e their hiJls niiscd up on red piliure, pe«ple t!mt taye 
'thaiiL-i'd tb'lie paaslug by Lave §ei'n thpia Bnormg !&rg« 
cti^ets ftiU ota^nvf^ tfl and fro, and oprning and clapping 
Bown'tlivrTifrt^ them. Their hill-dwellinga are Tery mng- 
nitietmt inside. '"Thi^live," »aid one of Mr. Anidt'a guides, 
"ia ftw im«i» i! *-i >f -got d artd-e^»tol. My father saw them 
Onoe in the night, when tlie hill waa open on St. John's 
night. Th(iy were diirn'irig nud drinking, and it secinod to 
him Ml if they were milking nigiia to him to go to theui, but 
Ilia bone anortt-d, and cari-ii.d him away, whether he would 
or no. There i» n grcnt nunihcr of them in the Giddbcre 
(OtJdhiU), and they huve hroiii^lit iulo it all the gold ana 
*ilvi!r that pi'oiile huriu-d in the great KuBaian war."* 

They are obliging and neighbourly ; freely lending and 
borrowine. and rlwiwise keeping tip « friendly intereouree 
nilh mankind. But they have a Bdd propimjiity to thieving, 
Eu* iiK .-u'ttliuj; [n-ovisions, but CTeu women and childreo. 

I'luj lit.ijTy, have children, bake and brew, just as the 
MflBUt Jiimsolf does. A farmer one day met a hill-man and 
Tiiii wifo, and a whole eauad of ^itutnpy littlo ctiildnui, in hia 
fieldii ;t and people ubcci iifli'ii to aee the children of tlie aian 
"who lived iu the hill of Kiuid. in Jutland, dimbing up the 
hill, and rolling down after ono onothor, with abouta of 

.IhftJ.roUfl ha ve a great dinlike to noiso, probably from a 
rccollection^F ihe timewben Thor used to be flinging his 
hammer after them ; eo that tho banging of bells in tho 
churcbtn \taa ilnvcii them olmoiit all out of tne country. Tlie 
people of Ebettoft were once eadly plagued by them, as they 
plundered tbcir pantries in a moat unconscionable mauneri so 

* Atnilt, Rri"i iiaob Sr^wp-lpn, Tft^ iil. p, B. 
Likii auf ^Jnr< ihr Trails vv fnmrliTiinK nf nmrvcUooilj UDkU im^^ 
: i& Ibo n«Qi»h hiliuJ nf RUnn «f Vilknuinv Wfl I 

Dfl da mttiUt dot min-ltU TnU^ 

Han rttr Hit Miirrr md m 

Urr <T ioMKlrf ™ <.^i-uW« i 

Vtn pvut Jtig rtMclii/m ttyrt. 

Out llipn tytXt iho riiin-<t Trut^ 

Ha biCTTT tJi*n Ml cnimrl mi lie, 

thlhtf it cuiufl « CliriiiEvi tumn^ 

And muiige liim oiU 1 «unU& 


they c()nbultL''(l a veni' vise and pious mui ; and Iiia adrina 
was, tliut they slioiild hajig a bt-ll lu tbe steeple of tlie "burco. 
Tbev did *o, and tliey wprp soon eased of tnc Trolls.* 

Tite«e beings huTe some veiy extniordinnry and usefU 
properties ; thi-y cou, for iuslance, !;o about invisibly ,t or 
turn th<.-(n(ti-lvi;a iuUt any irfiape; tliey caw foresee I'uturn 
ereata; tbcy can coidVr proaocrity, or tbo coatrary, on a 
famfly; they can btislow bfidily ntrrngth on any ono; and, 
ill short, pi^rform iminerou* feats beyond the power of man. 

Of perauiial beauty tber hare not uuch lu boaat: the 
Ebeltoft I'warfs, mrntionea aboTc, wore often seen, and they 
had immodcralc humps on their linoks, and long crooked 
noses, 'I'iiey wel'tt BrSbaed itTjifSv jiwVt^t^t~KuiriIiey wor» 

fjinted red eapa. Old people in ^-alund ttay, that when tbo 
rolls were in the countir, they used to go from their hill to 
the village of Gudmundatrup through the titone-meadow, 
and that people, wlien pulsing that way, used to meet great 
tall men m lou(; blnek elotliea, Sume have foolishly spoken 
to them, arid winhed them good evening, but they never got 
any other answer than tliat the IVoils hurried past th^, 
eayiug. Mi I mi ! mi ! mi ! 

Thanks to the industry of Mr. Thiidu, who han been indi^ 
fatignble in collecting the trmlitiouH of his iiattre country, 
we are furnished witli ample aceoimts of the Trolls ; and the 
following legends will fully illustrate what wc baro written 
concerning tncm.§ 

We commence with the Swedish ballads of the Hill- 
kings, aa in dignity and antiquity they take precedence of 
the legends, 

• TiaclD. I. 36. 

f Pnr Uiit Ihar mm lo bt iuilcblcct la ihcir hil vr np. Ekke Bnik bciiif 
nne ity in iha RMt, knaAti otl. wilUnui kiiaslDf li, (lie bul ct • DvaW 
»ho iniuni))! brranie riillilii, ud hwl, in ardor lu mntDr It. to gianl him 
trrry ibing hn ukril. I'liirk Hi. 49. Tbii liJiI uiivsn Is lb* Tirnkt;^ oi 
Itrl-kipinn of the Qkiujui DwM-ri ; who >1m bccuiuc vliilile *bca ilicli «p« 

X In tbe Duiiiti billii! ol Ellne tf VtllenikD* llie hrFO li «UhI IV«tif*ll 
fniiu, Ihc iiny Trold, pralmMy from the colour of h^f htbilLmcDti. 

I IVc dfpiri it nv^loH Ln (mure lo refer lo voluiDO knil p4gc of Mr. Tlilvlr' 
*wfc. Tbutc oc^uuntod mib Iho oiiglii&] will niilf And tho lo^nidk 


iKD it waa the kuiglit Sir Tliynni, 

He vaa a knight so gmvc ; 
Whether lie wi-re on foot or on horse. 

He was a kniglit mo brave.* 

And it was tlio kiijglit Sir TliyiuiS 
Went tho hart aoi] the hind to shoot. 

So ho sow UIth, the little Dwarf* daughter. 
At the grocii liudL-ii's fout. 

And it traa Uln, the littl« Uwarfa daiigbttt, 

Unto her haudmaid she cried. 
" Go fetch my gold h»rp hither Ut we, 

Sir Thjnne I 11 draw to my side." 

The lint stroke on her gold harp she struck, 

So sweetly she made it ring. 
Thn wild brofits in the wond nud Hold 

Tliey forgot wbitber they would sprinf;. 

The neit stroki^ on her ipili harp she struck. 

So sweetly she made it ring, 
The little gny hnwk that *aI oa tho bough, 

Ho spRuid out both his wings. 

The third stroke ou her gold harp she etnick. 

So sweetly she mtide it ring, 
The little iiiih th.-tt wi'iit in tlie streani. 

He forgot whither ho would swim. 

* We ban vsilurid t« oDiil the Omquad. I ttyrm I'Ht lU Ritaarl 
ItUatft well the run(* !) Tho final < ia Th^nDi ii ourksJ aitutj la udl- 
•W* ihitt ll b M be hdhiIhI. 



Then flowered the mrwd, thru Ipnft'd all, 

'Twiis i^aused by Uib ruuii: lay ;• 
Sir Tlijim^ Lo struck hi» spurs in 1ii» liarec, 

lie no longer coiilil bold him tway. 

And it WBA the knight Sir Tliyim^. 

Prom hia borae lie springs liaHtily, 
So gocth he to Ulva, the little Uwaif'* duughter, 

All luider the grceu lindni tree. 

" Hero you sit, my maiden fiiir, 

A rose all lilies above ; 
See you am never n mortal mitn 

Who will not seek your love." 

" Be silent, be silent, now SirTliyimJ, 

With your proHi-rs of love, I pray ; 
For I iiin bi-trotliird unio ft hiU-kinfc^ 

A king all the Dwarfs otity. 

" My true love be sitteth the bill nitbio. 

And ntgaUl tables plnjs mnrilT ; 
My fntTirr he »i;tl<ith hiii i.-haiiij>ionii in ring. 

And in iron urayetb theiu be. 

" My mother she sittetb the hill within, 

AJul-^d in the cheot doth Iny ; 
And I stole out for a LtHe while, 

Upon my gold harp to play." 

And it wsH the knight Sir Thynni, 

He patted her cheek rosie ; 
" Why wilt thou not ijive a kinder reply, 

TIiou drarent of maideiiK, to me ? " 

* Siiyialag, Uicnll; RuDE^ttukr. KunH oil^nkU; *l||iiiiied 1iittm,i>n' 
lb«a una. Thoj w»ic of two klnili, MiiUunot iSijaclt-ntiut), uil Trell- 
nnnt (ifagie-nmrt). Tbfie lui nFrc iBUn dlililriJ Into Skulrnifliif 
iAtilthirj-runa) inA IljplpruDor {O'lp-rui'ti, nf rarh of wliiib lhr» ^m 
fl*e kiE]J>. Sen Vn7i'1iLi»* nnic* Id thf i[rrvar;ii Sa^ rap. 7. 

Tht pmrrr uf wunlc pvrr iJ] itjtiiirfi ia & auKJrri of iiT(|4«ai murTcnrv in 
nonbcTTi po«lry. Httv «U ihc wild sni^ntila w enlnkncrd br thr mafic wnM 
ef tb« hup ; the muili fluwcr, Ihs lira put fonh tnivn ; tin, kniihi, ihuugh 
in>« and •ilrni, li ttinctcd, uiil <VM H iiicUatd to ttajr vaty, hi cannol 
mlaia hia hoiw. 


' I con gtre jrou no kinder reiily ; 

I ni»y not mjaelf ihnt alUtw ; 
I tm betrotLcd to a hill>kiajf. 

And to him 1 tnnstkrop iay ^ow." 

And it *M Thom, tho little I>wiirr« wife, 

Siiu at Ibc Lill-iloor looked out, 
And thera she saw how the knight Sir Thyiuii>, 
hny at the grccD linden's foot. 

And it was Tliora, tho little DwnrTu •mic, 
Slie waa wxt wid niigry, God wot; 

" WJiat host tiiou here in the gro»e to do ? 
Littla biuineBa, I trow, thou host got. 

" Twero butt«r fbr thi't' in the hill to bo, 

And gold in the cheat lo lay, 
"nian hero to «it in the roey erove,* 

And ou thy gold iiarp to piny. 

" And 'twcn bett«r for thci; In tlic faill to be. 
And tliy brid^-divna Guiish newlng, 

Thau Bit under the liud, and with runic Iky 
A Christinn miui'e hturt to thee win." 

And it was Ulvn, tlip little Dwarfs daughter, 

She goeth in at thi.' lull-dDor : 
And after her goeth the knight Sir ThynnJ^ 

Clothed in scarlet and fur. 

And it was Thoro, the littlo Dwarfs wife, 
Forth a red-gold thnir she drew : 

Tlien Khe trtuit t^ir TliyuQ^ into » tiveff 
Until that ths cock be crew. 

And it was Thora, the litttu Dwarfs ^e, 
Th* five nme-bfwik* »bo look out ; 

So nhu liKiHt-d bim fully out of the runo». 
Her daughter bad bound hira iihout. 

Tbsmtd £wul lipiiliM uijr kind of f OtSilUekri, A* 




" And Iicnr thou me, Sir ThvooJ. 

From the ruiieH thou now art frwt 
This to thee 1 will sootliJy ray, 

Mj- daughter slinU never win tluw. 

" And I wiiH bum of Christiau kiud, 

Aiid to tlie hill stolon in ; 
iljr Gister dwrtletli ia Iseland,* 

And wean a gold urovn BO fioio. 

* And there she wears her crown of gold. 

And boarcth of queen the nnoic; 
Her dnughtcr wus st^ik-n itwiiv from her. 

Thereof there guelh great wuie. 

"Her dauffhter was stolen awav from her, 

And to Bemer-Iand brought in ; 
And there now dwetleth the miiidea fre<^ 

She ia called Lady Hermolin. 

" And never can she into the dance gD| 

But seven women foilnw lier ; 
And npver mn she on the gold-harp pla^t 

If the ijuepn herself is not there, 

"The king he Imth a siater'a son. 

He hujieth the crown to possoM, 
For him they intend the maiden free, 

For her little happiness. 

'And this for my honour will T d(\ 

And out of good-will inori'ovep. 
To thee will I give the maidett free, 

Aud part her ttvui that lover." 

Then pihe gnve unto Mm a dress so new, 

With gold aud poarls beniiEhtj 
Every seam on the dpes» it wkb 

With precious atones nil brif^ht. 

* Hal th« itlud a( tfflanil, but i diHrict in Narwiy of ihil nktn*. % 
Bm*>4uid, Onkr tbinki )• minnt ihs UikI or Ikrn {Vmma), :)>( counci? 
«f Dlslrt^, n rciehrDlcd iu Ocnmiii tuui«iu'* 

nvAKn oi noLU. 


And tbun-With a ik-w hpU ; -'•'.'..•*• 
" Aiid iiertr elialt tfioti the way iaquira^ 
Thy horse will find it wdU" 

Anil it wu Ulvn, the littli- Dunrf' ti dauffUt«r, 
Sim would show he* good-will to the knight i 

So she gave uDt« him a Kpi'-nr *o now. 
And ihrrowith a gcxid awonl m> bright. 

" And ncrer ahalt tliou 6jj;iit aS^i^hti 
Where thou ehnlt not tlio victoiy gain; 

Aud ne^cr tthnlt thou lutil on a ■(« 

^lien; thuu sliall not the huid atUin." 

And it tnu I'bnra, the- little IHnrT* wifit. 
She wine in a K'aav for him [lourvd : 

" Eido awav. rido awajr, now Sir Thrita^ 
Before tac Kiaraiktnf lord." 

And it was the knight Sir Thynn^, 

lie ridoth under the ^on liill aide, 
I Tbcrn then mot him thi- hill-kiu^B two^ 
As hIow to the hiU thej ride. 

•• Well met ! Good day, now Sir Thyoni! 

Thy hontp can wpl! with thco pac«; 
Vr'hithcr (tircrtoil i« thy ooume f 

Sineu thou "rt bmiiid to a distant place-" 

" Travel shall 1 and woo ; 

Plight mp »hn]| I a flowpps 
Tit shnll I mr nword »» ^od, 

TO my weal or my woe in the stour." 

" Ride in peace, ride lj peace, awny, Sir Thyiui\ 
From U8 thou hast nought Ut fear; 

They arp romiTi]^, the ehnniplons from Isolaad, 
who with tliM lun(; to break a spear." 

And it wna thi' knight Sir ThynnS, 
He ridelh under the Rrecn hill nidn ; 

There met him nercn Hi-mink champion^ 
Tlicy bid him to halt and abide. 

102 8c»!niis*Tii, 

.'* ; \ ?tir'liiC' iv^ gold aiidtlio eil»i^; 
Or shall we flght together to-dn», 
For both our true lores fair ? " 

AtiA il waa the king's fiiater'a sod, 

lie was of mood so fanst^ ; 
" Of stiver nid RiJd I ha»e eofw, 

II' thou wilt credit nte." 

" But hast thou not a fair trae IotC^ 
Who id called l.ady Hormolin i 

For her it ia wo shnll fight to-day, 
If she shall be mine or thiiie. 

The fir«t charge thoy together rode. 
They were two i-hampiona so tallj 

He cat at the king's sister's son, 
That his hpad to the groimd did (M. 

Back then rode the chainpioos six, 
And dressed themMlTes in fur ; 

Then wi-nt into the lofty hull. 
The aged ting before. 

And it was then the i^d king. 
Ho tore his gray haira lu woe. 

" Ye must avenge my sister's son's deitta j 
I will eabioa and martins bestow, '• 

Back then rodo the eham^iiucui sii, 
They thought the reward to rwc, 

But they remiuned holt and Umblcu; 
By loss one doth wit ohtniii. 

And he slew wulvca and bcnrn. 
All before the higii i-hamhiT; 

Thon takcth ho out the maiden tree 
Wliu so long Lnd luiguishcd there. 

* BaM oth XiSrd, Ttiew fun •» sln^ mcntioBBJ ia iba MitbrB 
kil1*di, M lbs rojU nmrOt «t <llilin|ulthal ulisiu. 

nvAAre on Titoti.ii. 


AdiI now Imth Lndy llerrDolin 

Eaeaptd fruiu all liann ; 
Xow sleeps sho Bweel full many a sleep. 
On bnive Sir Tliyniie's arm. 

And now 1ms bmve Sir Thynnft 

Eaciiped all stirrow nrid tine; 
K()w dli-eps lip sweot full mauy a deep, 
Bt-aidi- Liwly llerroolin. 

Most thankcth he tJlvn, the little Dwnrf 'a daughter 

Who hiin with the runes had bound. 
For were ho not come inside of the hill, 

The lady hu never had found.* 

PfTDuh fRKtiartl. 

PftOVD Sfareftpet'st father of wealth had skire, 

Tiaie with nie goes slow.— 
And he was * king seven kingdoms o'er, 

But that grief ia heavy I kwow-I 

To her came wooing good earla two, 

Time with me goes slow. — ■ 
But nf^ilhcr of them would she hearheo unto, 

But thut grief is heaTj I know. 

Thli dnf (nclmt Vlia ma inktn dnwn frnm RflUtim In Wot Ootblmd. 
The o^rmponttiDg D^Dmh one of Hvn T<lnne it much liter. 

i* NiebahTr vpcskinc of ilir Cc^lti Rxmn^ >>*}'*. " Witb ut the uluUUoa <tt 
blood nlulav «■■ Willi— iiAm tK^rlu Vrtter (WcInMiir, pmiid rDuiim)^ 
■nd in iK* DuU Ixllruli. pmiiJ (ilo/rj la ■ iwlilc i{i|>i:lii,iiua uf ■ luiided.' — 
tUliiiivhr CvKhichIt, 3<I rilii. tuI. i. p. 3ilt. 

It ina; b* added, Ilul ifl ICiigliih. |miwt knd tb« wjnmjmitia Iccm ttOTU 
(Mutt, ilvtf} iai kUu ihc KiiH of HBblr. hlfh-liam. 

Do nuif 1UUT devoir, tongo kniEbtrt iTrrvii. 

Cp nood il» quHti and ladloi idHil. 

; Mm jag xtt of Mrjc ib- twif , 



To ln-r ctime wooing princee &V9, 

'I'ime willi nic guca slow. — - 
Tft not one of tli«m would the in&ideQ hw*, 

But thftt grief is heavy 1 kiiow. 

To li(T rnme wooing Vings theo soren. 

Time with uie gor& elow. — 
But unto none Ijer baud lias ah« girea. 

But tlut grid' iM lipftiy I know. 

And the hill-king nsked his mother to rend. 

Time wilii uip gow slow. — 
How to win proud Margaret he might speed, 

Bui thnt grief is henvy 1 know. 

" And say how niuoh thiw wilt gire unto me," 

Time witii me goes bIow. — 
" Thnt hemelf maj into the hill come to theo f* 

But that grief ■■ hetivy T know. 

" Thee will I give the ruddiest gold," 

Time with me goes slow.— 
" And thy chcstB full of money jw they am hold," 

But that grief is heavy 1 know. 

One Sunday morning it ft'll out bo, 

Time with me goes slow. — 
Prouil Margaret imlo the i-hurch should go, 

But that grief is heavy 1 know. 

.4 nd all as she goes, and all as she etttys, 

Timi! with me goes sliiw.^ 
All the nearer she eouies where the high hill lafi 

But that grief la heavy 1 know. 

Bo she goeth around the liill compusing, 

Time with me goes slow.— 
8o there ejieneth n door, and thereat goes the U* 

But that grief is heavy I tiiow. 

Proud Margaret itqit in At tho door of the hill. 

Time witli me goes nlow ,- — 
And the hill-king salutes her with vyes joyfdl. 

But that grief is heavy 1 know. 



So he took tho maiden upon hu knee, 

TuDo with nie soes slow. — 
And took the pM noga and therewith faor wed IM) 

But that gnct is henry 1 know. 

Bo be took the ruiudfn liis arma between. 

Time with me goee slow. — 
He ^ve her n gold crown luid ttio name of queen, 

But ihut grief is heury I kiiuw. 

So she was in the hill for eight round jean, 

Tiine with me goes sh>w. — 
There bare she two wins and u daughter eo (air, 

But that grief is ht-avy I know. 

When she had beeu full eight yean there, 

Time with mo goes slow. — 
She wished to go home to her mothor to dear. 

But that grit-f is hi-avy I know. 

And the hill- king spake to bis fbotpagi^ twain, 

Time with lue goca slow. — 
" Put yc the grjir pacera now unto tlio wain,"* 

But that grief is hodvy 1 know. 

Aod Margaret out at the hilt-door stept, 

Time with me p^t* slow. — 
And her little children thoy thereat wopt, 

But tlmt grief is heavy i know. 

And the hill-kiug her in his arma has ta'en, 

Time witii me goes slow. — 
So lir liflfth her into the gihled waiii. 

But that grief is heaiy 1 know. 

" And hear now thou footpace what I unto tbce say," 

Time with me goes slow. — 
** Thou now shnlt drive her to lier mother's Btarwghtway,'' 

But that grief is heavy I know. 

* Wain, Dur rrblrn haMlj imJ h<< infAmiad, Miftnill]' tifniflrd uiy bitid 
•f cftm*fii : Acri Kmnnn Quern*, paa^im* 1l U ih« Anj. 8ax. ^^d, Hid not 
■ coDUwuos of leaig/an. 



Proud Marearet stojjt in o'er the door-sill. 

Time wilTi uit" goes slow. — 
And her mother 6a)utetli Lor with ej'es jajftil, 

But that jpief is henry I know. 

" Aud where hast thou so long rtnyedP" 

Time with me gocB slow. — 
" I hoTo been in the flowery meads," 

But thnt grief is heavy I know. 

" Wliftt Teil in that tliou wpnreat on thy hair P ** 

Tirae with me goes slow. — 
" Such as women aud mother* use to wear," 

But that grief is heavy I know, 

"Well may 1 wear a veil on my hmd," 

Time witli me goes slow. — 
" iX« hath th(S liill-kii'g both wooed and wed," 

But that grief is heavy 1 know. 

" In the hill have I been these eight round years," 

Time with mc goes slow. — 
"There have I two sons and a daughter so fair," 

But that grief is heaTy I know. 

" Tliero have I two sons and a daughter ao fair," 

Time with me goes slow.— 
" The loveliest miiideii the world doth bear," 

But that grief is heavy 1 know. 

" And hear thou, proud Margaret, what I say unto thee,*' 

Time with me coes slow. — 
" Can I go with tlietf home thy children to see t" 

But that grief is heavy I know. 

And the hill-king slept now in at tlie door, 

Tim« with me goes slow. — 
And Marg.-vrpt thereat fell down on tho floor, 

But tiiat grief ia heavy I koow. 

" And etaycat thoii now here eoniplairiing of me," 

Time with me goeM alow. — 
'■ CumeBt thou not of thyself into the hill tome?" 

But that grii'f is heavy J know. 



■ And rtnyput tlioii now hero and thy fat« Amt deplore ? " 

Time with nn- j^otis slow. — 
•• earnest thou not of thyself in at my doorf" 

But that grief is Iioavy I know. 

Thf hiU-king Btniek lier on the cheek romo, 

Time with tnr go^'S slow.^ 
"And pack to tlm hill to thy (children wee," 

But that f^i^f is hoavy I know. 

The hill-king stnick her with a twisted root, 

Time with md goes bIovt.— 
* And puck to the bill without any dispute," 

But that grief is heavy I know. 

And th(^ hill-king hiT in liis arnie has ta'eo, 

Tiine with int- goes bIow.^ 
And lifted her into the gilded wain, 

But that grief ia heavy I know. 

"And hrair thou my ffHitpngo what I unto t'oee a«y," 

Time with me tpies slow. — 
"Thou now Hhult drive Iter to my dwelling straightwajr,'* 

But that grief is heavy I know. 

Proud Itliircnret «t«pt in at the hill doOTt 

Time with oiO a<xa alow. — 
And hw little ohudivn rejoiced theretSrOi 

But that grief is he-avy 1 know. 

"It i* not worth while rejoicing for mc," 

Time with nie goes alow. — 
" Christ graut that 1 never a tnotlier had been," 

But that grief is bca?y I know. 

The one brought out a gilded ehur. 

Time with mn gtK-s eluw. — 
"O rest vou. my eorrow-houud mother, Ihere^" 

But tbat grief is heavy 1 know. 

Tlic one brought out a liUcd up bom, 

Time with me ^oen eiow. — 
The other put therein a folded com. 

But that grief is heavy 1 know. 



The hrA drink she drunk out of the bom, 

TiuiL- with TOP gtii-B elow. — 
Siio forgot straii-lilway both licaTcn and eu-tl^ 

But that grief is heAry 1 know. 

The second driuk ehc dnuik out of the horn, 

liine with ine goea aloir. — 
Sho foi^Rot stmightw&T both God and hii word, 

But thnt gric:? is hmvjr I know. 

Thp third drink she draok out of the bom, 

Timi: with me goes slow. — 
She forgot straigiitway both aifrt*r and brother, 

But that grifi' is hcjivy i kuow. 

She forgot titntightwnv lioth sibiler and brother, 

Time with rnc goes slow. — 
But Bi>e never forgot bpr sorrow-bound mother. 

But Uutl grief ia hoary I know." 


rbf Cron BRUr. 

Tub gmniilui.!i<T of Rf-or, wlio dwelt at Fuglekiirr (i.b. 
ItirJ-niarth), in tl« pimsh of Svai'tsborg (Bhtck-easlU), 
lived clone to a hill, and one time, in the brona davlight', lie 
saw sitting there <vt a stone a cotni^ty imiidcn. llii wished 
to intrrcf pt hci-, tuul for this puqmse he lireie tirrt Ix-twHui 
licr mid itiL- hill: «lien'U]ion lipr fnllier laughed within the 
liill, and opeuiui< the bill-door asked liim if be would have 
his <t.tugli.~i:^r. ]lo icpliud in the atfimiatire and s* *hc wnx 
»tark naked hi- look sMim« of liis own rlothrs and iMTcrcil 
her with th«n, and liu afterwards hiul lu-r dirisU-neiL As 
he was going away, iier fathi-r said to liim, " Wln'u yon are 
going to have your wedding {/irMrji) you miirt provide 
twelve barreU of bi-cr and l>nki> n hi'ap of bri'inl and tlie 
flesh of four oxen, tuid drive to the btuTow or bill where I 
keep, and when the bridal gii^a are to be bei^towt'd, depend 
en It I will give mine." This olno came to pas«i for when 

* FfatD TcitnUnd ui<l VjiUnd. 


others weTi> ^ving Lo nused the coTer of tlie c&rt and cast 
^Bt5it "ia"l)irpr » hua of jnonej that the body of it twnrly 
flhwte, nnying at tJic samn time : — "This is my (rifl!" Ho 
atid, moreover. " Wbeu you want to havsyoor wile'B pcKioa 
(AmMwyi^a),* you murt drivo to tlie hill with four )iorac«, 
and get your aborft. Wh^n h" ramc there nftprwardu at his 
desira he got coppovitots. the one largi-r than Uif other till 
1l9 lirgMt pot ot all wax filled with the smaller ones. He 
lao garo him other thingn,t which -wvtv hclmctn, of that 
colour tuiil f;uiliion trhich art! large tinil thick, and which 
are still rctiiaiiiiiitt iu the cumilry. beiiii; preiervod at the 

{artonage of Tauum. This innn Koor's fivthpr Biimnmcd 
FoK'^^kuniti'ti. had a mimbiT of chihlrcn liy thin wifoof bin, 
fwhom lie fetched out ofthi- hill, among whom was the afore- 
Emid Kcor. Ohkf Steiisou also m Stom £)jk, who dind last 
year, wa« Kitor'a sister's son, J 

Cbc ISILiT'Ciip 111 flnatmp. 


BETWtEit ilie villti([on of 7^rani|> and Aa^rap in Zealand, 
there is t&i6 to hare lain n ^rcat ensile, the ruins of which 
srv iitiU to be "ii-n nrnv the strand. Tiwlition relates that 
a great tr^anurv in conwali-il niuonx them, and that a dragon 
there watches over tliree kiuijs' ransonis-g llere. too, people 
(jutmtly happen to get a sight of the underground folk, 
Jjou ^fiayiil^^ilPi". *" tlum thuy havu dauuiug 
'and gre^jMH^^oin^tn^lawii ou the strand. 

Cari*tmas-eve, n fannor'a serrnnt in tho Tillage of 

* Thia wt inptHwr te bt ibe mouiLnf of hanmasiftii, u It i* tbu «( 
Ami^M, tb( onlj veni ippnuhlni la u iliii we hin ruri id nur djctiniut]'. 

+ ihvnibru^ur, a vonl of whiih nt anni'i uMtuin tho <xKt mnmitig. 
V* dtubl (n*ll; II iho MJninnii MiIbhIi b* hilnwU. 

S OlttMa (Deui. Mfifaol- II. iSb) bu r:ti>uu<l tliii ln^nid from (be 
NnuIHa «f Odmui. nho. u hr ohrnct. ud u m maj irr, ntltUall^dlU 
wnautlXi ukd viih \Ur ml ntom of pmoni. It it m bvlieia ihv anlj 
lag*nit nf ihv anion vf > nim iriih «ne o( thf hni-f»lti. 

I " Thirr kiniEi' nnioini" It « comnsa uuiinam wSlh « Duiiib ptuiiil 
«rben tifhkmg of liYuuft. 



Aagerup went to his ninslrr and nakod him if he mip;lit 
take a norse and ride down to look nt the IVoIl-iueeting, 
Th« fnrmor not only gave him lc«vc but dcsiRid him to tnke 
the best horse in ttie elahlc ; so he muuut<.-d ntid rudu nway 
down to the str&ud, When hi> wa« come to the place he 
■topped bis hone, md stood for sonic timr lixtking nt the 
tonpnnj who wure auembled in great numbers. And while 
lie was wondering to ace how well and how gaily the little 
dwarf* danced, up came a Troll to hitn, nnd invited btiu to 
dianouot, nod twe a Nharc iu their dancing and mi-rriment. 
J M&Bt IRott CM ie jiniipiug up, touk hia horse by the 
biWlBTIBSffTeinSm while the man got off, and went down 
and danced nway merrily with them tht! whole night long. 

When it waa dmwing near day he ri'turned them hia very 
best thanks for his entertainment, and mounted his horse to 
return home to Angisnip. They now gave him an invilatioti 
to come again on New-year's night, a« tlwy were then lu 
bare great li-HtiWty ; and a maiden wlio held a gold cup ia 
her hand invited him to drink the atiri'up-cup. lie took th« 
cup i but, ns he hnd Home suspicion of them, he, while he 
nmde as if be was niisins the cup to his moiitli, thrvw the 
drink out over hia shoulder, 6o that it fell on the hor«o'a 
buck, and it immedifttcly singed off all the liair. He then 
clapped tipure to his horse's sid<-s, and rodo away with the 
cap ID hia hand over a plougiied field. 

The TioUs inntantly eavo chase all in a body : but being 
hard set to get over tho dv-v^ fiuruwa, they *hout(»d out, 
without ceasing, 

" nida on tho 1*j, 
And Dot CD tbo dftjr." * 

He, however, npver minded them, but kept to the ploughed 
field. Howerer, when he drew near the fiUage bo wan forced 
to ride out on the level road, and the Trolls now gained on 
him every minute. In hia diatreaa he prayed unto God. and 
lie made a vow t!»nt if be should bo dolivored bo would 
bestow tJie cup on the church. 

Ho Tvna now riding along just by the wall of the church- 
yard, ftud be haatilv Himg the cup over it, that it at least 
might be secure, lie then punlied on at full speed, and at 

• ' Rli] IN* df t DoMc 

Oi ikkc pti dot Kould*. 

I>vrinv« OK TitOU.*. 


l4utt ^t iiito the viliage ; aud juxt an tUey were ^n the pomt 
of witcbinj" hold of llio Imrsp, he sprung in throiign tli« 
fanner's ^lU-, ami ''irrJUJiri '•'"i'^ '" *■'"' '^•■'■i"-^ pp''"' '''*" 11" 
WM iiow skl'i! ; liut liie TnilU wi-n- MO «iira^i;ed, inat. taking 
up & huge great 6toiif. ttiov tlu]i)> it with *uch foTM Bguiut 
the Rwtc, tlint it knot^kvd t'orir plnnkii out of it. 

Tbcre are no traceH now rpiniouiuK of thai bouHe, but tho 
Btoue is still lying iu tlie middle of tlici villace of Angerup. 
Tho cup wnit pricscnli^il to thi! cliiirch, nnil thit niiin e^ Ut 
Tctum the btat farm-huuBe on the buiiib uf BrikdUotm.* 

&xiam of Giil Uafcr. 

A Tboll had onoo taken up hia abode near the \-niage of 
Kuud. in thp l>igh Imiili on whirli thp church now slandsi 
but when thi- people! iil>c]iit there hiul become pious, And 
ni-iiL canatttTiti^ to.diurL'h. the TcuU «*aa tjrmdfnliT nnnorad 
bytlSbir aliuoBt ince*i«iiit ringing of bcile in (Tio^ieeBle of 
the church. He vm^ nt lufi olilti^cd, in <'oiiM-qneiicc ot it, to 
take bin di.-purlurc : fijf. >i..tliing mm-n fl,„.t^Wjr^r^.^ tho 
eqji^atii'u of tho Triill-folk out of the coun^~tEai a tha 

ni^Ils. Tfii- Ti'rjll uf KuiiJ :u^<?oir3[fii 
anoweut over to l''un<;n, whore he 
pCM* uid quivt. 

Kow it ctiaiiwd that a man who had ktcly settled in tho 
town of KunJ, coming to Tuneu on biutiuesti, int^t uu the 
rend with thi« lainf Tmli ; " Where do you live?" mid the 

* Ont. Thit » >n w< <rn inr» «oiniD(iii to nuDjr <agatil«. Tba chuKh «f 
Vitmud In ZfiUni) hu a rnp oLuinntl in ih* nine wtj. Tbi mtn, ia tbt* 
CBiTb Mbk rrfiijfr tn ihr rhuicli. kiiil wu IhcTv bnlffffd hj the Tivlla itll 
nwniing^ TtiD Sridur 4»f tf ■(;bru ia Juiboii ]piL iU nitinfl frmn u uniilir cvvnt. 
Vhin (bt mtn rude ulT wiib Lhv blrcr jug from Uir lictvllfu] mu'lvn i*ho 
pmcDlEil it 111 litin. in «ld «0M Kl eft In punuil o( kirn wilb turb nlntll;, 
ilui ili'^ wuuM tciicly bftTe ou^l him, but ihtt pruv^drnikll^ hir rum* (0 n 
runnier^ ^itcr^ The punurr, b^iHMvr, lilu NannSo i^iUj Tuui o' Slidiivr, 
sugfal llip ljurM*t hind leg, but mi* onlv Mo I0 lietponfl of tl v fu>^> if liit 
that : hmu ilw bnJg* •*■ calldd (Iigbrs, •*. (. Cock Bil tft. 



Troll to him. Now tLorc wiw nothing whntdter about tJio 
Troll unlike a mini, no he unnwer^d hiiii, as wna tho truth, 
"Iiuufrom lhoto«ii of Kuud." " So ?" said the Trol!. " 1 
don't know vou, then ! And vet I think I know every man 
in Kund. ft'ill you, howi-vcr," continued he, "jurt be so 
kind t<i take a letlw from we back with you to KundP" 
The tiiau said, of course, he had do objection. The Troll 
then thrust the Inttirr into hia pocket, and churgod him 
rtrictly not to take it out till he ouini- to Kund church, and 
then to throw it o^er the churehjard wall, and the peraoii 
for whom it wiw intended would get it. 

The Troll thi-n went away iu great liaste, and with hira 
the letter went t>utin>lv out of the man's mind. But whiin 
he WM come bock to /enlnnd he wit donii by the meadow 
where Tiin Lake now is, and auddenlv recollectiMl thi) Troll's 
letter. Ue felt a great desire to looK at it at teaat. So ho 
took it out of his popkol, and aat a while with it in his hands, 
when suddenly there began to dribble a little water out ot 
the Be-nl. The It-ttiT now unfolded itself, and thl^ watt-rcfund 
out faster uid faater, and it was with the utmoit dliUuultjr 
that the poor man wna enabled to »«ve hia life ; for the mall- 
rious Troll had enclosed a:i entire lake in the tctt'^r. Tbe 
Troll, it ia plain, had thought to avenge hiniselT on Kund 
eliurch by destroying it in this manner ; but God ordered it 
BO that toe luko chanced to run out iu the great mciulow 
where it now flows.* 


* OraL TiEi l^kfi ii In ^piUnii ll 1> lh« gencniL belief «f the pCttMnOr 
thkC then m now Teij few Troitt In ihe couniiir. fur ibe ritij^ng ut bcJl* htM 
driven ihpnj «]1 av^i, thpr, IiVl? the SalEe-folk of the UeriuaD»,ile1ightiD| Id 
qujel ftnd kileuro- It la mjiE ihat ■ farmer h4vrnj; foiirrd a Troll tlLt^g very 
i^iKODsoULe on b vi<inr ni^r Tiii l^ke, khi) U^mjE kilm ai Ant for \ domii 
Chriitim mnn, ftiyopt/^H him with — ^ Wrll T <vhf re «rv jv>n E^ini, frwnd t * 
* Ab I" aid he, in a Diplmirhaljr (vno, " E «m faing eiT itut t4 ihp eounttTa 

f^DDo^ lirit hprri vij latifpttf xhry Vevp mrh ticRiot hniinif vid ihncihf 1*' 
'Then d A hiifh hill," bra KiJni (RfW^ &r. p, lAG), "iiHr Botn* la 
hradeii, in which fonuttly dw«U « TroH. >i\'h<:n xUpy p>t vip hrlU in fiotoa 
'dtuicb, uid he hc*rd lUe ritiifiny uf ihcm, he ii rclnfAi ba hMt« ib4 : 
** IM Ar fjf ffodJ ■ dft Batntshf-T^ ai bo, 
Vvrt UJe* tiat Utit ftJ'diUko^'* 
' Ptnuuit it wctTff in Dninjihill to dwrlU 
Wen i> nM for ltj« ■oiind i>f that plaguey bAU-" 



H JainifT ttirtii n CroII. 

A PAKUEK, on whoso grotmd th^ro nae a little ttill, roeolreii 
not to \vt it lie iiUu, M hn bngiui nt ouo cud to plough it ui>. 
'The hiU-mnn, who lived iii it, ciuut- to him niiil itsked fiim 
how h<! (Urcd to plough on the roof of his houw. The 
farnicT iia-iuretl him that he did not know that it wiu the 
roof of hia houH(-, but at tho aame tiuie ri.'preaenti-d to liini 
that it WAS at |jreBi>til caually unprofitable to them huth tn 
let eufh n piocc of Inna lie idlp. lie tlitrirfoni took the 
opportunity (if projHi.-iiug to liiin thai lie ahoulil ploui-h. sow, 
und rrnp it cvvey j t-ar on these terms : thnt thoy should take' 
it ycur nnd jfor about, imd the hill-miia to bnvr am: yctu 
what RKW over thu ground, and tin? fdmicr what ^rew iii 
the ground; and the ueit year the furrner to hate T»hat was 
over, nnd the hijl-nian what was under. 

The agreement wan modo aci'ordiiigly j but the cnfty 
farmer took wire to bow carrota and corn yi-ar and year 
ubout, and ho gavo the luU-iuau the tops of tnc raurota nnd 
llie roots of too com for his shnre, with which be waa wuil 
content. They thus lived for n long time on extremely good 
term* with each other." 


f koUc in ttr ^irr. 


"Kbas Gudinanstrup, in the dietnct of Odd, U a hill cnllri) 
lljulehoi {UoUtm-hilt). The hUJ-folk that dwell in this 
n ount an.: well known in all the villages roiuid, and no one 
evef omits making a cross on his b™r-biuTi'U, for tlwi 
Trolls nro in the habit of shppiug down from iljulehi>i to 
atcal beer. 

Ono evening lal« a farmer was pnstting by the bill, and liu 

* Thistton i* teld b; Itibelsii with hii churtolciittk humour iml ri- 
U«Taginic«> k* Ui<raiT< no rrolli In Fiuqfo. it ii thgJcril nJio iiilgi-'ivH 
in th* Fnnrh i«nl«n. A U^vnd ilmiUr to thit it toM of thi diatri'^t nf 
Lnjhinta la ATKhiKiiatlD (MvHna, Nurtntlrg, etc.. Hi. 307); but Ihvn it 
vu tha SfaiiUs (Attany that fh»l*d tbc finntn. Tb« ifgWi «• lunlf 



■ikw tliikt it wu nuicd up or rr^ piUim, nnd thnt iiiidrr^ 
ncnth thure wivi diumc luiil duueitig luid a iiplcudid Troll 
baiiquut, Tbe uiuii «tooil a long time gnEing on tbeir 
fcstirity ; but while he wostttauidiiigthtTp. dcpplj absorbed in 
ttduiiriition of wimt be imw, all of a Kinlilt-n tbi' duncing 
Btoppt-d. and till- iiiunic eeaiM-'il, aiid ho ln.-arii a Troll crv out, 
in a lone &f tilt- utmost ungutob, " t^kottti i» fMeji into the 
fin! Comoftud help him up!" Tbe hill then Muik.oDdall 
the merriment tn* at nn end. 

Mf'annbDe tbe faraitr'n wife vaa at liome sll alouo. And 
irhilo she waa sitting and spiiiniiig ber tow, sho nerer 
noticed a Troll who had cwpt tliroiitb the window into the 
licit rooni, and was at ibt lj<'i-r-bam-l drawiiij; off the liquor 
into bis copper kettle, Tbe roum-duor van tstandiug opeu, and 
the Troll kept a steady eye on the woman. The hucband 
now aaao into the houxo lull of nonrlrr nt what he: bud Mien 
and beard. " Hnrk vf, ilanic," lie bi-gaii, " Haleii now till 1 
tell you what bao happent-d to me!" Tlie Troll redoubled 
his attention. " Aa 1 i-aiiie just uow by iljnleliiii." con- 
tinued he, " I saw a grcflt 'fWll-banquot there, but whilo 
thev were iri the ven" niidtlli; of their glee they shouted out 
U'ilbin in the liill, ' likolttf ia fallen into the lire ; couie and 
Tielp biin up! ' " 

At hennng this, the Troll, who waa standing bpsido tbe 
becr-bnrrel, wan so frigblened. thnt he let the tap run and 
the kettle of beer fall ou the f;njuiid. and tumbled himself 
out of tbe window ns ouickly aa lui^lit be. Tbe people of 
the house heurinji; nil tnia noise instantly giiessed what had 
been going on iiiBiUu ; and when they went in thev imw the 
beer aJL running about, and found thf eijp[jer kettle lying on 
the floor. This they seised, and kept in [leu of the hour that 
bad been spilled ; and the tnmc kettle is said to have been ft 
loag time to be seen lu the viiUigeM round about there.* 

* Oral Ciii<ln>nniinip i> In Znliiid. la OutSc, k IKlIs iilinil ctow U 
ITnltnil. ilivn i> t hill *hi;n«e the Ttmlli dkiI to emus ilovm tai luppljp 
iIiciukItci Hitli ptnriilDni out of tli« Ikttnm' [aiitrln. Kiel Jitimd, vho 
llnd tiom Xa ihc bill. 6ii4ltiii tV.u ihr; orrc mnkliig,u h> itiauvlil. anr frM 
wiih bit pfMiliiuiii, Uxik iKo lilmij of pmiiDE I lock on ih» <lwtr ilifou|[h 
•Alch ihe^ hid uteu. Bui bo tiad hnOrr hit Iffl ll nlonc, foi hli dnujhMt 
m» ttttat Uliid, ind neitr »imhi«I hc-t lijl;! lill ilig Inrli nm rcmin*].^ 
Jtrtmii AUiu, i. 10. Tlitra l> n uicilir iibij id Ciiiuoi'i IleiiU>hc Siin. 
I f.Si. 


TuEBE is A liill called Bod^dy^ d(i«e to Uie road m the neif^h* 
bourhood of Lyngo, thnt is near Soroo. Not &r from it 
livod nn old lanncr, wliiiiK: Dtilv f-on niu used to talic lone 
jouriu'VB lui buHini-Ba, Hia fatlier had for a long time hetiru 
uo tidinge of liitii, and iho old man (iccamci convinced that 
hiM Nnn u-tu TliiK cniiNi^d him much affliction, as vaa 
imtitnd for tui old luuii liku him, and tliuit boiuu time panned 

Oaii cvtftiin^ u he was coming with n loaded cart by 
Bodedj'H, the hilt opi'iied. nnii the* Tnill uunc- out and dcairvd 
him to drive his cart into it. The poor mau vos, to be sure, 
gmtlr uutuiod at this, but irell kuoiring how littlo it would 
■Tiil aim to refuse to comiitr with the TroH'H request, ho 
tuniied aboul tiia horneii, mid omvc hia ciut straight mto tlie 
hill. The Tn>U now bo^n to deal with him fur his goodu, 
and finaUf bouehtand pmd him hc>u<-xtly for hin iMitirr cwgo. 
Whoi he had nnibhed the uuIumtinK of hia vuliick-, and waa 
about to driTo again out of the hill, the Troll said to him, 
" If you will now only kcrp n siti-nt tongue in jour head 
about all thut biu happinicu to you, I ahull from thin timo 
out have an eye to your inttTtst; aud if you come hero 
uain to-mormw mnniitis. it nmy be you shall get your sod." 
The famu-T did not well know ut firat what to nay to all thi* ; 
but aa ho was, howe^^■^. of opinion that the Troll was abhs to 
perform what he had promised, he wn* greatly rejoiced, and 
laUed not to <-»m<! at tlio appointed time to Bodc'ilya. 

lie »at there uaitin;; a lun^ lime, and at last he fell osleett, 
and nbrn be awoke from his slumber, bthold ! there wn» hiB 
aoatyinxhy hisaidti. Both father and iiou found itdifli<;utt to 
explain how this had oome to pass. Th« son related bow li« 
had been thrown into prison, and had there suiTered great 
hanlahip and diatrt-jv ; but that one Digbt, while he waa 
lying a«lcep ia hia eell. there came a man to biiti, who aaid, 
" Do you still lore tout father i" And when he had answered 

^K 116 BCASDHtATIA. ■1^1 

^^M that ))« surely diil, hU clin'ms ft'll off and the wait b.irat open. 
^^H Wliilo bf WHS telling this h(^ rhnncctl to put his hnnd up to 
^^M hi» uet-'k, uriJ he fuiiiid thnt lio had hroiight u [)iect- o( the 
^^1 irou chuiii away nith him. They holli were for some time 
^^m mute thro^i^h c^i^pii^ ofwondor; and thpy then mow Bad 
^^M wrut etniightu-ny tii Lyiigt-, where tlicy hims up tbe fneceof 
^H the choiii ill thL< cimrch, u a memorial of tne wondoiful 
^^^^^tveat that had occurred.* 

f['^. ^ . • 

\ ^^ Wbe-i Eebem Rnnre wna nbtmt building a cbiirch in 

KaUiuidbot^, he saw cicftrly thut his meana were not fulljr 
ndeqimte to the taak. But a IVoll camo to hini and offered 
his aenices; and Esbcm Snare made an agreement witliTum 
^B ou ibesc conditions, tlint lie ahould be able ta U*!! the Troll's 
^^1 nomo when the cbiircb wns fluiElicd ; or in case liv could Dott 
^H that he should gire him his heart and his eyes. 
^^P The work now went on rapidly, tuid the Troll set the 
^^B chiirch on stone pillars : hut whun all wns ncnrly done, wid 
^^^ lhi!re was only half a pillar wautiiig in the church. Eabern 
^^1 began to got fHgbtonod, for the name of the IVoU was yd 
^H tuunown to him. 

^H One da;^ he waa going about the (i«>ld8 nil alone, mid in 
^^1 f^at anxiety ou account of the periloua slate he was in; 
^H when, tiird, and depressed, by rcMon of his etcrcding grief 
^^p iind nlBiirtion, he laid him down on Ulahoi bank Vi mst Tiim- 
^^B »elf a uliile. While he was lying there, he heard a Troll- 
^^B woman within the hill sayiug these words : — 

^^K^^ " Idc Uill, bibf mine .' 

^^^^^L To morrow ogiaclh Tax, 

^^^^^H FkUior thine, 

^^^^^^ AlidglTetb tboc Eabrm Suuv'aejve mil bt«rt to plujr witlL't 

^F (^^ 

* Thit Irgrnd it nral. ^^^H 
t Tit unit, bam min ^^^H 

Fa'c din, ^^H 
''(T dig Silitm Aum Sin og Kjeru at U^ mad. ^^^H 

^ Whpn E 



Whpn Eubcm heard this, he ircovtriid hln Bpiritii, and 
went hack to the ehureb. The TmU ma* just tli<in citming 
vith the luilf-pillar that waa wantiiii* for the cbuivh ; but 
wbm I^fihcra snw him, he imitcd him bv bix tinmo, nnit railed 
him " Fin." The Truil was so eiinweil at ibis, tbul he weol 
off wilh the half-pillar through the air, and this is the reason 
that the church hiw but tliroc piilan and a hnlf.* 


yl/'- The tiune is told of a for zrcnter than E«born Snore. As 
^Cft. OUf, the royal aftastle of tho North, wiut one day going 
^ OTer hil] aud dde. tlunlung how be could contrive to build a 
iplendid cti)m:h vithout oiatnMiiig )n» people hy taxation, 
lie w)u met hy u mnn of n strange iti>|»utnuioe, who nxking 
him what bi^ won tliiiikiiiK about, Obif told him, and tho 
Trull, or rather Gi&nt {Jal/e}. for such he was. undertook to 
do it within a certain time, stipu luting, for bin reward, tho 
nm and nioou, or elae St. Ohif himnclf. Olul' ngnvil, hut 
gave euch a plan for the oburcb as it seeitied to be iniposBible 
ever could be executed. It was to be so large that seven 
pripsl-)! could preach in it at tho same time without dirtnrbtng 
(■•ch otlicT : tno cohimnii uid other ornaiiicat« both within 
and witbnut nhould bv of bard fltutstoae, aud ao forth. It 
soon, however, vas finished, all but the roof and pinnacle. 
Ohif, now growa uowsy. ramblud once more over hill and 
dale, when ho ehnneed to hear a child crjiiis withtn a bill, 
and a gianteen, ita mother, sa/iug to it, " JIush, hush ! Thy 
&ther, W in d-and- Weather, will come home in the morning, 
lod brine with liim the »un aud mnon, or clao SL Olnf him- 
wdL" Oluf van overjoyed, for the power of evil behiga 
CMSM when their name ia known, lie returned homo, where 
bft nw every thing completed — pinnacle and nil. ile ira- 
Biediat«ly cried out, " Wind-and-Wcathor, you 've act the 

1^1 • Oral. Killufldbof !■ la ZoIhkI. Hr. Titiale njt b* w roartallin 
' ■! At<buRh. The Kma ilor; li toM of iha nihnlnl at (>iinil in Piuim, 
lAM «H built b; Ihe TiuU I'inn ai Iha dcain <•! HI. Idomtiiu, 

Of Bibfrn Soar, lIolbMjt M^ " Tba (oiDiaon punplc liill wanilarTiit tloiin 
t4 bin, attd bnv lb« itoril <«rri«J btiD (ifT; which, wilh othtii tkiuj^B, vnll irm 
W fmrv ih*t be m> in abl* uu.' 

Tb« OanaAa atoty of Runipr!>iilirb«Q (Kintlrr mill H«ut-Miirrhrp, N'n. 
i) ■ laiuiUr to ibii Irfnfl. MU- Orimui, in Uicir nalc on lliji tluij, piilLn 
tbii unatfrctid mtnncr >a ■biih, in Ilie TbsuMiiJ >iu1 Ouc Usf^ 01 PcnIU 
Tika, Ih* ptiuou Tuismlol Iniiu ibc auat at CtUI. 




pinnacle crooked ! " * IcElnnUr the Oinnt Tell wit n a gmtt 
traali from ihu riitge of the roof, Aud broke into u Ihouiuuid 
pieces, which were all fliatatone.t 


€f)t Wfl-&i''n inttlctr Id Ifrt CbTitflrndis. 

TpE iiill- jjegpl e are cicoas ircly frighten ed during thunder. 
tVhen, the re lore, Ihey Hfi-TSBil wraUiW I'uniing itn, Ibejr lose 
no time in getting to tli« sholter of tlieir liiiln, Thi» liirror 
is ftUo the cauae of their not being ablo to eudura ttiv 

____ I thcrcfoi«a*goud t(HH9i|jt for bnnuhtnfThoRi 
ft'drum eTwy day in the omghbourliood c* tUeir 
hilla ; for the; immedintely pitck up and dvpitrt to some more 
quiet rerideDce. 

A ffurmcr lived oiiev in great friendahip and juuinimitr 
i rith n hill-m an, _w how bill wtis on his lands. Oue time wht-n" 
Ms Wll'e was Ivmg-in, it gave him some deffreo of perplexity 
to think that no could not well avoid inviting tho hill-man 
to tho dinrtoning, whicli iuif;ht tiot ituprohubly brlnp; him 
iiito bad raputo with the priest nnd the other people of tho 
viUaee. lie was going jibout piiniloring dwnly, but in viun, 
how no might get out of thra dik-tninu, wht^n it eamr into his 
head to au the advice of the boj that kept hia pipi, who waa 
a great heod-pioco, and had often helped him oefore. The 
pig-boy instnntly imderlook to arrangi- the mattpr with tho 
tiili-mnn in such a umntier that hi> hIuuM U(>t only Btay away 
without being offended, hut moreover give a good christetung* 

• Windoeh VtJtrt 

Uv tor tatt ijiiriHi ipedar/ 
Olban ■■} H m 

itiajlu / loK ipiratt ritittr/ 
tUctlei ! >Bl ihe jiiuDii'Ie tti'ilwudtl 


Srai f tax ipimn rUti I 

SIKu ' ni Ihi> plniMole iini^hl I 

t Abrlim Sitv-hlfdit, Jii. S3. Grium. Deal. Mfibot. p. 51S. 

SVAtin OB TItOLI.!!. 

kceoriinglr, whnn it wu night hn tnok s *iic1c on his 
■houldcr, went to tlie hill-uiaD'a bill, kuockvii, aui) was ad* 
mitt^il. He doiirercd liiit iues8fl;;<.\ ^viiig iiis mnster's 
COITipltmoiitii, and rin^i lifting thit li»noiir of ni* ciimpntiv at 
the clinirl<.iiiiit;. The hill-muit thanked lum, biiO luid, ''I 
think it is but rii;lit that I aliouM ^\e you a chrLat«Din2- 
gift." With thcw WDfidit I m nppncd his nion(^y-cli4!etii, Ma- 
oin^ the bo)* lo bold up bi« mvkwIuIA Ilf piillFi] unmtitf int« 
itv " la there eDougn now?" tMd bo. nn^ii he liiiil put a 
gond (j>i»ntity into it. " Many give more, few giio Uh," 
Kplicd Hie hoy. 

Tho bill-iuau theu fell again to filline the flack. oaA again 
B*ke4), " In there enoiieh now?" The Dor lirtetl up the nek 
a little nlT tbt.' ^>uiia tii try if he wuh able to aurf any 
tiian.'. aixl then unKu'en>cl, " It ia about wbut inoM people 
give." Upim thia the bill-mnii emptied (he whole chr«t into 
the bag, and oncn more aakcd, " Ii> there enough now f 
Tlie guardian of the piga «uw that then! naji aa iiiu(.-h in 
it now aa erer bo was able to carry, eo he made answer, " ^'o 
one p*e« more, mort people give lesa." 

" Come, now," anid the bill-nuii. " let us bear who d»c is 
t<i Iw at the chrirteniitg ?" " Ab," aald tlie boy, " we are to 
have a )t;reat parcel of atrangera and jtrcot people. Firrt 
and foreitio»t. no are to hnvc thixto pnsats and a bishop! " 
" Hem ! " tnutten^d the hiU-mon ; " haw«f er, theae genllinnen 
usually look only after the oatini; and driuktiig: tiiey will 
never take aiiy notice of tne. Well, who else ? " " Then 
we hate aiki^ St. Peter and St. Paul." " Una '. hem ! how- 
en-r. there will be a by<p)aco for nic behind the aiove. Well. 
aiidtheuP" "Theu our Lady herself ia coming ! " "]Ieiiil 
henil heml howcrpr, guol* of such high rank eome loto 
and go away early. But tril mi-, my lad, what aort of musia 
ia it j'ou an; lo Uavef " ~ Aluaic! eaid the boy, " why, we 
are to hare drotns." " Drvma ! " repc^d he,quit<) tcrnfied; 
" no, uo, tboiik you, I nTJiin Ht^- iitVoroe in that eaae. Give 
my beet rexpects to your maater. and I thank bim for the 
invitnlion, but 1 caiiitot eomc. I did but once go out to 
take a little walk, and iioni<: people begmning to beat a drum, 
I hurried boine, and wiu juvt got to my door when ther 
flung the drum-stiek after me and broke one of my *liin*. I 
huTG been lame of that leg i-Ter since, and T shall take good 




ean in future to avoid tlixt sort of cauaii'." So savitig, ii« 
hetpt^ the boy to put the nack on bis btick, once mora 
chwging Uim to gire his betl reipcicttt to the farmer.* 

Zt)i CroII hitucB Cat. 

j^BOUT a quarter of a mDe fh>m Soroo lies Pedeivborg, aod 
a little taither on ia tlao towa of Lyiie. J iiat botwevn the»e 
town* ia a hUl cnlled BWindhdi {Spriny-hitl), Mid to bo 
mhobhod by the TroII-peopte. 

There eoee a etory tliat tlior© was once among the«e Troll* 
modIa of Brondhoi on old crospsemined curmudgoon of a 
Troll, whom the rest nick-iiniiicd Knurmniirri' (liurahte- 
yrumbht). b«cauiie Iio wan cvoriiKjre tbe cauxo cf iiuisL- and 
uproar within the hill, TKia Knurrt^murrc havin):; diBCOTered 
wbBt he thought to be too givat a degree of intimni-y between 
1u> young wile imd a ynim); TroU of the eoaidi-, UmV this in 
aueh ill jmrt, that he vuwvd veiigt-ance, siweiiriiif; lie would 
hsre the life of the youiig one. The latter, aceordingly, 
thought it TCould bo hut brst course to he oil" out of tho hill 
tiU uettnr timm ; so, jurmij^hiniseU' into a noble tortoiiac- 
■h dl ^ teO'Cat, h e one fine morning quilted' his old umitace, 
UB joanieJCrt~itawn to"^ho neighbouring town of Lvng, 
whftv he <-stnblisbed himself in the house of an honest poor 
mail uaiuod Plat. 

Hero he lived for a long time eomfortable and eagy, with 
nothing to annny him, nod waa as happy na any tom-cat or 
Troll croBstd m love well could be. He got every day plen^ 
of milk and good groutot to eat. and lay tlie whole day long 
at hia ease in a warm arm-chair behind the rtove. 

Plat happened one c^*ening to come home rather lato^ nsd 
as he e:itered the room the cut was sitting in his usual place, 

• Thi> jntunl lapi>rn»d la Jnttind. TTn. Tfo?!'! ilrc« il «r..lliiui<lcr ■Hmt 
tn bo luundsd in ilig vtltuilmw oanWlTi* vf TKvS ninliT fa th* 

1- GiDutc, Dulih Orld, b ■ ipecw of food Ilk* funwlf, mde sf ditlM 
nu or bulcf. ll It bniicd ud uicn iiitli m1k at bnlM. 




at tho 



•erapiui; [n^Hl-grout« out of a pot, and licking the pit r 
OiPcruilj-. " Harkj-c, damp." said I'Int, m he eamo in at 
door, " tiU I tell yoa what hniigieiiMt Ut am on thti rcNuI. . 
88 I was comiujic P^t Briiiidlioi, there eaue out & TruU, 
bo called out to mo, and said, 

" Hukjp I>lal, 
Tiill vour «t. 
Thnt Kiiurmmuno Ih iImuL** 

Tho inorouiit tbi> cat beunl thmn wiwda, he tumbled tho 

pot dtrnn ou the iktor, spnuig out of the cbmr, aiid atood up 

00 hia hind-legfl- Then, as ho huiriod out of tho door, hs 

crii^d mit with rxultation, " What ! i* Knunvmiirro dead f 

. Then 1 may i^ borne ua faat as 1 please." And m) oayius ha 

|Kainpored cS to the hill, to the auiaxcincat of houeHt Plat ; 

'■nd it ia likoly lost no time in making his advances to ths 

young widow.f 




TllEttE ia a hil! on the landa of Skjelverod, near Bin)>trtod, 
called KirsteaVbill (Ktrtlfnt Bjery). In it there lived a 
"iU-troll whoBo name was Wkynd, who had from timo to 

1ijn>mnt< no lens than three wtv<;ii from a man iu iha 
TJUaite of BiiRl«rup. 

It vaa Ut« one eTeninf> when this man was ndin^ homo 
from ]{ingst«d, and his way lay by tlip bill. When bo 
oune thdrn ho wkw a frn'ut crowd of Hill-folk who were 
i^«ii#Fi»g round it. and had f^reat mi'iTiinent anionic them. 
Bat OD looking a littlo closer, what should he n<<-D;^ijM but 
all hia thr«o wives among them! Now aa Rirateo, the 

• ffirduPlal, 
Siig HI rfin ICal, 

A I Knttimntirn «r dSd. 
f The K«n« of Ihli tluM li in jCnliiid. T!i« Hme b rc1*Md at ■ L'l! 
mIM OtiHtiHi ia ilie nine liluiil. The wilwr liu beud It In IkIuJ, HuI 
llifji mn ou oho iiidnveit llie man u be puwil ij th« otaurrh^iiM when 
Ik*} mn BHutitcd. 


second of tbem. had beeu liia favourite, and dcnrcr to him 
than rithcr of the othore. he calW out to hvr, iwid named 
hpr iinmi.-. Troll Skvnd th«n cntno uj) to itie man, nnd 
asked kim why he iin-sumud to CiJl Kirsten. Tho miui told 
him briefly how she had been hi» faToiirito nnd lit^rt beloved 
wife, nnd entrcatod of him, with many ti'iira and much 
Itimpritiilion. to let him have her home with him again. 
The IVoll eoDseutcd at last to grant the hii«band'it request, 
with, howi^rpr, tho ooiidition, that he vhould never harry 
{tiwid'-) hiT. 

For a long time the husband strictly kopt tho conditjoiti 
but ono day, when tho woman was aboTc m thi? lofty ^etKng 
KmethiDg,'and it happtncil that she deUyed a long tinio, he 
called oat, BJahe bwle. Kirat^u, make 'ha*to, (Skynde iHy 
Ktmtnn) ; and soarcely Iiad ho spoken tho words, when the 
wcinijtn wn» goiip, compelled to rpturu bo the hiil, which hua 
erer sinco hcea called Kinitea's Bjcrg.* 

etif Cron-ftatoiiT. 

" Tjt th^ year 1660, when I and my wife liad romp to my 
farm {Jalodfrne), wliieh is three quarters of a mile from 
Bft^initn parsonage, and wc werp nitting thi-re and tnlkinK a 
white, lale iii tl»' eveiiini;. ihert' cjimi- u littlii rnaii in at tho 
door, who begged of my wife to nfi and aid his wife, who u'aa 
just then in the pains of labour. The fellow wm of small 
sixe, of ft dork conipUaiou, and iri.'sscil'tTrnM (jflPTClotliw:. ' 
My « ife and I eat a while, and wondered at tho maii ; for 
we were aware that ho was a Troll, and we had heard toll such lilio, milrd by the pcaenntTT,- \'ettnr (rpiritti), 
always used to ki-ep in the farmhouses, when people 
left thetii in harveal-liine. Hut when he had urged nia 
rciiiiest four or five times, nnd we thouijbt on what evil tho 
country folk say that tlwry bavo at times suffiTcd from tho 
Ve^tar, when they have ehaiieed to swear 8t them, or with 

* Tkli ]tfead m onlly nUi(-l w Mr. ThUc 



UD<Hvi1 n-ords bid ttiem gu lu linU, I took the iMdnticn to 

rend Noiiii.' pnij-tir* over inr wife, and to bl<Ma ber, and Ud 
her lu QoiI'h nutau i;o witii nim. S\w took id ]i»ste BOme old 
UneD with her, and went nlong with him, tmii I remained 
•itting thcrti. \Vh«n »he returned, she toM me. that when 
■lit) went with llie man out at the gnt«, it sttcmcd to hor aa 
if »he WM carried for n tinm alons; in the wind, and »o iho 
camo to a rooin, on one side of ^ihivb v»tt a little dork 
cbaiulier, in which liia wife lay in bed in irreat a"ony. Mr 
irife went up to lior, aiiJ, after a little while, nini-d her till 
•be broiiRht forth tho child nflt-r tht: Bumo manner aa other 
kunun beings. Tho man ihi-n otrer«d her food, and when 
she rtfuai-d it, h« thnnked her, and accompviied hvr out, 
and then sho was carried along, in the aame iray in the 
wind, and aftor n while came again to the ^te. just at tea 
o'clock. Mtrannbile. a (|Ufintity of old pieccH and ciippin(»« 
of silver were laid on a shelf, in the mtting-niotn, and niy_ 
infe rnimii th«m next dajf, when nite wua putting' the room 
itt^irder. It in tii In; supimsfd that they wore laid there by 
the t'rttr. That it in truth so hnppenod, I witnws, by 
inscribing m\ iiame. Kagunda, the l^th of April, 1(171. 

" Pa. &XB*."* 


eiy Bffl- Jmftft. 

BiORN ?hI*BTiXBB05 went out ahootiiijf, one dt^, with a 
Kamckeeper. on tlie wooded hill of Ormkulla. They thero 
found a hiU-smith ihergtmed) lying fut iu>le<^p. Riorn 
diroctMl the gunekeejier to ae«iire him, bat he refused, 
saying ** Pray lo God to prot*ct you! The hil l-a mith will 
fling you down to the bottom of tbo hill." WiTww, tiowcver, 
bold and <U'termiiied, and be went up and aebcd the Bleep- 
ing hill-iiinilb. wliu F;ave a cry, and implored him to let hiin 
go. as bo haul a wife and seven littlo chililren. He said h« 
would alM do ouy iron work tbat should bo required; it 

■ imiplrcr, SusIlngtnoiDJIIinlUnd. WwoiM, 17?!^ p. 910 Op. CUniii 
DtuL Mjibot., p. «JJ. 




^\'1i«B thejr bad tried for a long time in taih Iiow tl)07 
could bodt cet rid of Iuid, since tkera wna no tirinif iii the 
house with him, a iimart girl pledged b<-rwlf thnt f>li« irould 
huiiiib him from the house- She occainliuKlv, whilv he niw 
out iu tli« lieldtf, took a pig and kitloil it, and i>ul it. hide, 
hair, and id), into n hlni-k pudding, mid ecrt it b«fon.' him 
wlii'ti lin r&mv biime. Hi- In-f^n, aa K'mi hi* cuvtom, to 
gobble it up. but wbrn hp liad oat«n for some liro«, he bc([an 
to rplu n httlr in bii> cflorta, aad at lost h« tat quito Mill, 
with his knife in hia baud, looking at tli« jiudding. 

Ab leu;i;th, afti^r eittini; for sorm) time in thin manner, be 
began — "A pudding with hide I — and a pudding with hair! 
A pudding with cvoi!— and m pudding with lem iu it! 
Weil, ihnti limiM have I wen a vouug wood hj TO* lake, 
but MTer yd did I eoo such a pudding! The devQ liini««)f 
mar rtav hvtv iion fur me ! " So Mjrinff, ho nio off with him- 
self, ttai nerer more came back again.* 


Another chniigvhng wa» got rid of in the following 
mannn*. The motlxrr. sunpccting it to he such jjvm tta 
rofuiiiug food, aud heuig so ill-ttiriveii. heated the ovrn a» 
hot aa possible. The maid, as in»tnido<l, n»ki-d Iiit why 
riie did it. "To bum my child in it to ilcatit," wn» the 
reply. When the question hod been put and nu»"vred 
tlutx) time*, nhc pIiiCTil tbi- child on the pool, and va» •hov- 
ing it into the oven, whuu Uu> TrulUuotoui came in a givat 
fright with the nuJ diild, and took away hvr owu, aavini;, 
"There 'a your child for yon. 1 liavo treated it bet K^r than 
jou tnated mine," ntui in truth it waa fat and heortj. 

* Orol^ 8r Ihr Voiinf riprt toi] Ibe Dnmrj >■( IVs^thrlU In it* trith 
filrj t^nCD*'', "^'h *^' nolo. Tk* mat tlm} li tUo to be (umul in <ltf 
B1U1; when Ihs otg«( !• ta anki tb« f bingtllnt Ivigb. Tbt Bi«ttr*r hrttki 
•a rfx in lis md MK nwr deva la boil la mM btlf tbrtl. Th» iii>|> iliva 
(Hm Dill t ■• W«1I I I 'n ■* oM M itw WHxnnU, Iwt mw Wfci* »« I H17 

rbilil vu RiotDtd. — Kinder uiJ Htiit-MknlicD, Hi. SV. Qhh* alia lilli lln 
*1M7 ia ha FruvincUl (JloHUT. TU uiuibrrihm bmbta duva (rffli lad 
Ml ihc (belli btfoiE ibt (bjd, vlru h;i, " 1 <■■• ipiiii }«n oM abn I • 
to nonr, iiid I hire Unit four ttiDCP, uul )el I iminei •*• M ■■■*; ailllia 
Bh alM Mifliuvltf of ibg SoBlUA Oonlti^ ud bttvw, IFaMi " 



thr Cilr-^tobr fiimtiiiia otirr tttt )9rooB. 

Near HeUeated. m Zealand, lived a man, "Iio fRmi titno to 
time rciiiarkcii that lie wnH coutinually pluiidtTL-tl. All faia 
siupii.'ioD» IVll on tho 'rYr-.l|-['f|llj (tlni livitJ ill IJiim nrii:lilti'iir 
jng hill uf TldsJuii (Fire-hUl), ami tiuca hid hini:>i:'li' to try 
wnl j^iil a iii(.lirbf llie tbief. He liad waited ihvi-f but ii wry 
liion time When he raw, as he thought, hia tile-ttuve iurii|i- 
ing acrom the brook. TIip good liirrocr no* nil n»toiu«bmcut 
Rt this Htniiigi! ni^bt, nod Ittt ahuiiti-d out " llurrn! tburc's 
ajuiiip fur & tile-stove!" At lliia eiclatuatiou the Trull, 
woo wss wadioi^ throu;;h the water with the stove on bis 
bead, woe ho tnghtcned that ho tbrctt it dorni, and nui off 
ON hard iw be could to lldiiboi. But in the pltu^' wlinro the 
slove fell, the Kmuiid mA the ahupe of il. mid the pliwe !■ 
called Kiogbeb {Jtuok-hrook), aiid it was tliin tLat gave rise 
to theoonunon saying. "Tliat was a jump for a tile-rtOTol" 
" Sft tar «t S/tria^ a/rit Leervmi .' " • 

I9(p»tutr of ll)t CroHtf from Vfiititfii'dcl- 

Okx cTenin^, after mniiet, there came a «irang(i maa to the 
reiTT uf Sauii. He encaged all the ferry-boata tliere to go 
backwards and forwariu tho whole nif;ht long between that 
ntiico and Vcnil»vi'iMrl, witlmut tho peoplo's knowing what 
lading tbej- had. ' He told them that they Hbould lake their 
freight on btiard half a mile to the eait of Suud, near the 
alekouK^ at the bridge of l^angc. 

At the appointed time tbi: tnnn wa» at tlint platv, and the 
feiTTmeu, thoucli unable to aee auytbiuf;, perceived Tory 
dearly that the Doata rank deeper and deeper, so that they 
eaaily concluded that they hud gotti^n n very heavy freight on 
board. The ferry-boats patued in thta nituuicr to and fro 

* Tbi> Icstnd h Uk<n fnnn ttncnii Atlu. 1. M> 


the wliolo night long; and though t\wy got tru^ry tnl 
trc»h cnrgn, tne Btrange tniui nc:TiT left them, but etoici to 
iiuTn ovprvlhtug regulat^il bjr his dirpctiona. 

When uiomini; w«s brcakinff they rctoivcd the jinyraent 
thoy had ngreed fur, and they tfifin veatureij to iiii]uire what 
it wn* thirj had bi-pii briiigiug over, but on tliat Lead iheit 
t-muioyer would give them no enti^fnction. 

But thrrp hnppriind to be among the ferrymea a nmart 
rdlow wliu knew iiioiv about these iiiatt«re than the othera. 
He jumped on shore, took the day from undrr hi« rieht foot, 
and put it into hi* cup, nnd nhiii he hail Mit it on liia heuil 
he piiMreivcd that all the HauJ-hilU eaat of Aalborj* were 
completely covered with little TW>U-poopU",OKho liad all 
pointpd red caps on their hends. Ever sine* that tbiic thtru 
luiVD bocn no Dwnrfa seen in Veudisyiiael.* ^ 

fbcnU Junius. 

SrajfO FjELltSfl was a valiant ehjuiijiion. His wa* horn'iiP 
Fuelling. lutd was a long time at service iu AahiaT house, 
Anrhiin«. nnd as the roadii were at that time greatly infested 
by TniUa and underground -poopio, who buro grrat enmity to 
all ChriittioDs. tJvead undertuuk the olfice of letter^carrii-r. 

As lie WHS one time goine along the rond, he saw 
Djiproachiiig him the Troll ofJelfl-hill, ou the hind* of Holm, 
The Troll cnme up to htm, bi<g({iug Inici to Hiaiid }m friinid 
in a combat with tht Troll of Bonim-es-biil. ^^'hen Sveud 
Fs'tling had promised to do bo, Baying that he thought liim- 
»eif strong and aetive t-ijough for the eiicouuter, tlii- Troll 
n-OL'hod him a heavy iron bar. and bade him sliow his strength 
un that. But not all Svend'ii elfortR availed to lift it: 
whereupon the TroU handed him a honi, t<-lling liim to drink 
out of it. No sooner Imd he drunk a litUe out of it than hia 
atrcngtli inuruaacd. lie vaa now able to lift the bar, which. 

* Ttndi^iKl ud Atlbarg ^n butb In N«nh JntUnil. — Tbe tlmj !• told hf 
A* rcnjmcB lo mvcllvn t k« Mjihologj or Untt* mi lulj, p. GB. 



wTicn lie hftil inink agtiiti, becwne 8ti,i lightn"; but when 
aaajn rcni-winj; Ilia ilriiiit;ht be emptied tlie horn, ho wut 
aule Ui ■<uiii<^ the bar wJtii eaa«, ajiu bt^ then U-arued from 
the IVcIl ih.U ho ha<i now gotten tbo strength of twelve 
men. We thuu promised to prepare bimai^lf for combat with 
the Troll of BerKmond. As a token lie was t«ld thnt ho 
ihould meet on llic mad a black ox and a red ox, and thnt 
he should full with nil hia might on tho blnck oi, aud drive 
him from the red one. 

TbiH all came to paas just aa he was told, aud he fouud, 
aft«r his work was doDe, tout tho black ox wa« the Troll from 
Iiorum-c«-hill, And Ihc red ox was tho Trot) )iim«c)f of Jvls- 
hill, who. an a n-ward for tbi- uaaiattuicv lio lutd givuii him, 
allowed htm to nUua for hla owii use the twelve uieu'a 
fltreiistb with vhich h» bad cadowod hiin. This grant 
waa, nowcv<tr, on thia condiliou-^tbat if ever he sholdd 
reveal the accrvt of bin atrt-ugth, he iihoutd be puuiabed bv 
gettiiis tho appetite of twelve. 

The fame of tho prodigioua atrength of Srend eooti spread 
through the country, aa tie distinguished himeeif by Tnrious 
exploit*, Riiuh, for mutont'e, as tbrowiug a datry-maid, who 
bad offended him. up on tbe gable of the bouse, and similar 
ti>ats, So when tliis report cnmo to the ears of his master, 
ho had tivrnd called before him. and inquired of him wb<rnc« 
Ilia gcvnt streiiKlb came. Svetid recollected tbe words of hia 
friend the Troll, so he told him if he would promise biin aa 
much food M would intinfv twelve men, he would tell him. 
The mnnt4T pmmiaed, lutu Sveud told his ataty ; but tbe 
word of ihe Troll was accomplished, for from that day forth 
Svend ate and drank aa much as any twelve* 

• S» i|p»i» p, an, Aooorilioi M ithil Ml, Thielo WM WM in Zt»ititi, 
Svcnd Frllinc "I'^'t bjiTfl hr^u i>f gtna^li^ioiLt «iti*, f>t Ih.frv lia liiU nrsr 8t«D- 
tirup on vrhi^h be nwil la ^U wKiln Uu wvhntl hii frt^l ttiH handa m ihr 
kl>«iil half n qutrt^r or w uiIIb ilituutl. The pdaplD uf KD^iiivtnip limacd m 
djuiif' for ItiEn, nrkil Lroiight it In bicri 3q Lar^ bn^wittg « c— i^s ninth u itiq 
■jnod nraplo uf l.illj^iit iliil wilb UiklLivrf, Tliii rmiiiiJh ua uf tlolgrr DBnikf, 
nbc] nnnn wanu'd a iiro tult uf clothrt. TwrelTc uiC'm wen vninluitfd : Iapv 
mt Ivlilrr* tu liLi bofk kod afaouldvn, u wu Aoiie 1« fiulUvrr. ami lUty atti^ 
«iirnl awft^; bar lb« nmn (Ka( wna lihj^betl od Ihr r1|rht tlda Imlifrr cbfcticf d, h 
he wu cuUiNif * mark in tiip mrunrv, In clip Ilolifrr't tnr. Uolgvt, fnrgrTiiu^ 
whU it wBi. huUly put up Hii bind iq hii h«ij, augbb ibe pw UfloTr unl 
avabsd bim to dcdh b«tn«D i^ii GiiKCit. 



1 nKWtOIAl MU.' 

Tbkkb lived in Norwuy, not far from th« citT of Dronthetoi, 
a powerful nian. wlio was blesstsl uith all the goods of 
fortiuir. A pnrt of the enrroimding country was Ilia pro- 
perty ; iiiimtmiiB herd* ft-d on bin poat'in-s, and a great 
retinue and a crowd of HPTvojits adorned liis niaimion. Ho 
had an only dRU(>hter, called Ai^log. t the fame of whose 
buauty ■prcnd far and wide. Thp greatest raeo of tha 
coimtry snugtil htr, Iiiit all were alike unsuL-i'o^fut iii their 
•uit, aud he who had come AiU of (.'un fide nee and jov, roda 
away home sileut aiid lui-laiudioly. Her father, « lio tliougbt J 
hiB daughter delayed her choiee only to eelcet. forbore to 1 
interfere, and csultK-d in her pnnlence. But when, at 
length, tlia richest and mildest had tried their fortune with 
M little gitecess aa the ri'itt, he grew angry, aud called hia 
(laughter, and said to her, " Hitherto I have left you to youf 
free elioice, liiit eiiiee I see that you rejwt ail withcjut ntiy 
dincinctitia. aud the very best of your BuiiorB Beeni not gooa 
enough for Ton, I will keep measures no longer with you. 
What ! shall my family be extinct, and my inheritance pOM 
away into tlw hand« of strangers P I will break your 
vlubbom spirit. 1 give you now till the festival of the great 
Winter-night ; make your choice by that time, or prepare 
accejit him whom I ehall fix on." 



* Tbu t^h vit Mk«ii frani oral r*riucjnia br T^r. Onmiii^ knd mwrttd 
RtuETt MkrrKf ntlnibiivb far I ^27. Dr, Orimm't fidelity la tndiiion it 
Wtll khnitti lit Iran mnt Ao\iiti af iia jprnninenpik. 

+ AaKJ^ {/jiffhl *>f Ifit Atrr'} la ikc bkuiv «f ihr lo*-olj' dauglhioT of Sj|fLir4 
ftnd llr^qUlldv wbp Wnow Ibe wife of tUfrn^r LoilliTt>L. Iluw bnuiiful and 
ronunlir \t tbc ■fcount iu iIid Vuliunct JeU^S of aid llrlmFi ttkin)* htt^ whcq 
fta inttiit, ind «AfT>^ag her ebout wilb hin \u bli bvp, to htv her front thcsa 
«rhn mng)i\ ber bfe h tbr lut of SSgurd"* nOQ i hii ntiring \q rrmote ilrHOM 
fefid WKtet^li to «vh b«r, ud bit •tillinf b«r «ne* by tbe Tsm 


Bvcxara ob tso%.u ISI 

Aolog loTud A youth cnllod Onn, bmndsmne u he wu 
bravei and noble. She loved him with liw whole noiil, aud 
*li(! would eoouer die thau beatow her hand on another. Bnt 
Omi wan jitior, nnct poTcrty compelled him to itorvo in the 
rDaaaiou of her ftitli^r. Ashig'n partiality fur him was kept 
ft secret ; for her ftither's pride of power and wealth was 
■lurh that he would aci'cr have given lug consent to an uniiMi 
with an huinblo a man. 

When Anios aaw the dorkueiia of hia oouat«nance. and 
hoard hl>> angry words, she tume<d pale as death, for sh» 
knew bin temper, and doubted not out that hi: would put 
his threats into L>xi-culiou. Without utk-rinf: a word in 
rvply, she retired to her silent chamber, and thought deeply 
but in vain how to avert tlic dark stona that bung over her. 
The great ft.-Htival a])pronchi;d ne-aror and nearer, and her 
ftni^ish incri^ased every ikv. 

At loot the lovers resofrod on flight. "I know," asya 
Onn, "» wscure plww where wc may remain undiscorentd 
until we find an opportunity of quitttne the country." At 
night, when all were aoleepi Orm litd the tnitiblin^ Aalog 
over the snow and icofielda away to the mouutaina. The 
moon and thr. ittiira Bparhliiig still brigbt«r in the cold 
ninter'a night Uglited tliem on their way. They had under 
their arms a few artidea of dreaa and some skiuu of animalH, 
which were all they codd caiT)'. They ascended the moun- 
Ittiiis the whole uiglit ioug till they reached a loiii^ly spot 
inckwed with lolly rocks. Here Orm coiiducled the weary 
Aaloe into ft cave, the low and narrow entrance to which nna 
faard^ pcrct^ihlc, bnt it soon enlarged to a grcjit ball, 
reaching deep iulo the mountain. lie kindled a Cre, aud 
they now, reposing on their skiiii!, aat in the deepest solitude 
far away from ail the world. 

Orm waa the fmt who had diacovercd thii cave, which la 
shown to thia very day. aud aa no one knew any thing of it, 
they were nafe from tlic pursuit of A*log*8 lather. They 
paascd the whole vrinter in this n^tirt-ment. Orm uned to 
go a hunting, aud Aslog stayed at home iu theeave, minded 
the fire, and prepared the ueceswuy food, I'Vcqucntly diJ 
ahe mount the polnta of the roek:s but her eyea wandc-rcd 
u tar aa they could mwh only 01'l^r glittering suuw-lields. 
L The spring now came ou — the wooda were green — tlie 





niRndn put rjti their rarioii» mlonm, and Aalog CouM but 
rarely and with uLrcumspoction vcnturo to leave the cave. 
One evening Onn cntnc in with the intelligpnco tbnt ba 
faivd n;cngni»eit her fnlhcr'a 9i?n-Atits iu tb« distanoe, and 
that he coiilil liardly hsvi> beeu unobserved by theni, whoae 
eyes were as good as bis onn. "Thev will eurrouDd this 
placo," continued he, " nnd nerpr rest tifl they hare fonnd u«j 
we must quit our retrent, then, without a moment's dehiy." 
Tiiey at^cordiugly d«'!ic«'adi^ on the other sidi» of iha 
mountikii), and reached the strand, irhero they fcirtunstelf 
found % boat. Orni shoved oft', and the boat drove into th« 
open MB. They had i.'8eapo<! their pursm-ra, but Ihpy were 
now exposed to daiifp-'ra of another kind ; whither sliuuld 
they tiini themsolves ? Tbey could not venture to land, fiir 
Aafog'* lather wns lord of the whole coast, and tliPT wolilil' 
iofUnbly full into his hands. Nothing then remained for 
them but to comtnit their bark to the wind aiid wave». They 
drove along the entire night. At break of day the coast had 
di^nnpciared, and the}' saw nothing but the sky above, th« 
tea henpnth, and the wave* that row and fell. Tliey bad _ 
not brought one mnmel of food with tliem, and thimt atiU 
hunger bfgan now to tonnfiil theiu. Three days tiid they" 
toM about in this state of misery, and Aslog, faint and 

ixhauBted, snw nothing but certain denth before her. 
At length, on the itvening of the third dny, they diMco 

rered an isluud of tolerable inaKiiitude, and aurroiuided by 
a number of smaller ones. Orm iminediatelv stoerod ft 
it, but juat as ho ejiinc near it there suifdenly row 
violent wind, and the »ea rolled every moment higbc-r ani 
higher againat him. He turned alwut wilh a view of 
approaching it on another side, but with no better success ; 
hi» veaset, as oft a» it approached tlie inland, was driv«u 
buck as if bv nn invisible pow«r. " Lord God ! " cried he, 
and bU-Biii^d bimnplfund looki^d on poor Aelog, who aeemed 
to be dying of weakne»-i before his eves. But scarcely bad 
the exclamation pnsiscd his lips wnen the storm censed, 
the ware« subiidnd, and the vessel come to the shore, 
without encounleriiii; any hindrance. Orm jumped out 
on the bench ; some niusiiebi that he found on the Btnnd 
streuKthirntrd niul revived the exhausted Aslog, so tliAt 
was 80011 ablu tu Icuve the bout. 



TUe [»tnn<l t-aa DviTgronn wilh lotf dwarf Hhrubs, aud 
■eemed to be uniuiiabitM ; but wlieu lliey bad gotten about 
to tine middle of itv they discovered a houoc rcnehitic but a 
littk nbore tlio gnxind, and ujipetiring to ha hulT uiiuer tlio 
MU&Mof the eartb. Iji tli« liu[)i> uf uiL-otliiK bumau beini^s 
and Mustance. tho n'aDdercrs approaebed it. They li^teiu'd 
if they could hear any noise, btit tbc moi-t perfwl nilniwf 
ivigned ibiav. Orm at length opciwd thu duor, aud with 
hia compMUon wallcvd in ; but uliat vau tbeir surpri»e, to 
fiod emythin^ rDjpilat«d and arraoecd aa if for inhabitantu, 
Tvt not n xinglo living <rrmture riaiDle. The lire watt bum* 
uiff on the h<'nrt)i, iii the middle of tb« room, and * put 
WJth Gdb huiiR on it apparently only waiting for aomo one to 
take it up and est tt. Tlio beda vcre made and rrady to 
tvcoivd their wearied tetinntH. Onn and Aalog iitood for 
•otuv time- duliiiiudi, uiid look<rd on with a ccrtiiiu Aegrde of 
awe, but Hi last, overtime by liuiiger, th«y t^iok up the food 
md ate. When tbey had eatisUea tbcir appetites, and rtill 
m the Inst beams of tho scltins sun, which now ctrvamed 
over the island far and wide, discovered ni) human Ijcinu;, 
tbojr gave wny to wpArineiui, and luid tbemsc-lves in tbe beda 
to which tlx'y had bi'i-ii no lung straugen. 

Tbcy had expocti>d to be anakeued in the nicht 1»y the 
ownera of the house on their retiini home, l)ut their 
ripcctatiou was not fulfilled ; thcyalept uudiilurbed till the 
monuns aim ahone in upon them. No one appeared on any 
of tlie ibllawin^ dayu. and it seemed m if some innsible 
pcirer bad madie ready the hou«o for their reception. They 
upent the whole suinmor in perfect hapjiinean — thev wem, 
to be Hire, solitary, vet they did not miaa maukiuiL The 
wild birds' egga, aua th« nab they caught, yielded tbem 
proTisiona in abundance. 

Whui autumn came, Aalog brought forth a son. In th« 
mtd«t of their joy at bin opptunuice, they vrere Hurorised by 
K woodM&l apparition. The door opened on a auadoo, and 
•a old woman stepped in. She had on ber a haadaoiDS bliM 
drcM : there waa aomcthing proud, but at the tame tima 
■ouiething utrnnge and aiirpriniug in her appearance. 

"Do not be al'mid," aald Bhe, "ntmy unexpected appear- 
ance — 1 am tbo owner of thin boiue, and 1 tlmnk you fi>r 
clcMi sod BCBt iibttc in whidl you bare kept it, and foi 





•he good order in which I find ererrtTimg witli you. 
I would willingly have eome sooner, but I had no power to 
do so till thia littk bcntbri) (pointing to the ntnr bom-habo) 
itaa come to tho light. Now 1 hare free nisxiatt. Onlj 
fetch no priest from the main-land to christen it. or I must 
dcpurt ngnin. If you will in this matter pomply with mr 
winhes, you may not only mntinuc to lire hvre, bat all the 
good that ever you cim wish for I will do you. Whaterer 
you take in hand shall prosix'r; ^ood luck shall follow yon 
wherever yon go. But brenk thin cwnditinn, and depend 
upon it that misfurtune af\«r miafortiine will voiuc on you, 
tnd Hfva on thiH I'hild will 1 arenge myaelf. If you want 
uiything, or are in danger, you hare only to pronounce my 
name thm- timi^n nnd 1 will apprnr and h-nd you BSBistmiou. 
I am of the r—-- -f itm ulil IIti-V, np'l my name is Ouru. 
But bownre of utter in fi in my preseuce Iho nam^ of him 
whom DO Giant may hi-ar of, nnd ncrcr ronturr to mnku tJi9- 
rifti «f the erotw. or to cut it <nt-bnun or board in the liousu. 
\ou may dwoU in this houni! th<? wh<ilc year long, only ba 
■0 good as to give it up to me on Xuli; evening, when the 
•un is nt the lowest, as then we celobmto our grMt foativBli 
and then only arc we permitted to he merry. At leoat, it 
yoa should not be wilting to go out of tlie houae, keep 
yonnelves up in the loi^ as quiet as possible the whoM 
day long, and as you value your lifmi do not look down into 
the room until [ntdoi^lit ia' fnst. After that you mar taka 
possession of eviirytliiug again." 

When the old woman bad thus spoken she vanisbt^d, aix) 
Altlog and Onn, now at ease resjiecting their situation, lived 
without any di»turbanee coutentvd and happv. Orm never 
made a east of his not without getting a plentiful draught ; 
ho never shot an nrrow from hia how that it was not sure to 
hit; in short, whatever Iher took in baud, were it ever so 
trifling, evidently prospered. 

When Christmas came, they donned up the house in the 
best manner, set everything in order, kindled a fire on the 
hearth, and as the twilight apj)roai-hed. thi.7^ went up to the 
loft, where they remnincd qnit« rtiil and (juiet. At length 
it gTWW dark ; they thought they heard a sound of whixxmg 
and anortiiig in the air, such aa the ewans use to make in 
the winter tune. There wae a bole in the roof over tho fir«- 





Elace irtich miglit be opened and abut eitb^r to .et in the 
ght frgm nbovc, cr to nn'ord a frvc pnaoage for the smoke. 
Onn )i(l«(l up thu liil. which wn* covered with a skin, nnd 
put out htn beud. But vrbaC s woiidtrfii) ^igbt then j>ri'Bciilpd 
itwlf to his eyes'. Thp little i»liuid4 around vtre all lit up 
with CAimtlcas hllie liehtn, whrrli moved ahout without 
ceuing, junipi^t up aoiT down, thuii skipped down to the 
shore. aMieuiok-ii lusher, and came neuivr oud nearer to 
the lorsp i«lnod where Orm and Aslog lived. At last they 
rtvtchcd it, uid MTimgiil thuniKilvex in n c;irclo nround a largo 
tluuc nut Cir from lti« shon^, and which Orm well knew. 
But what was his surprise, wlien he saw that the etoue bftd 
DOW completely nsMinird the form of a, man, though of n 
mamtiouj aod ^i^antic htio T "K« coutd clf>arly [icrcc^ivo that 
the Utile blue bKbts wmv bume by DwaHs, wbi»ti uida ul*y> 
coloured (aeci, with tfa«ic huge uom« aiid red eyea. aisHgured 
too by birdii' billii uid owls eves, trero suppoixed by mis- 
•hnENMi bodwa ; aiid they totttHriKl and wubbii'd nbout here 

I and there, bo thut tliey scbiuim) Io be at the Bametime luerrjr 
and ill pain. Suddenly, the eiwiu opened ; the little one* 
retired on each side, and Guru, who was now much enlarged 
nnd of s« immrnMc aKucu the stone, advanced with gigantic 
■Onr. Sh(-'~ throw both Sor arm* round th<i utotio image, 
tt'hmb i[iinii^liat«ly bi'^an to rtsy-'ive life and motion. As 
soon ns the first symptom of motion showed itself, the little 
ODCs birgnn. with wonderful capers and grimaces, a song, or 
to spi-nk mure propiTly, a howl, with wliieh the whole iiiland 
naouniii'd ami Becnied U> tnimbh' at the iioiisv. Omi, quito 
torrifl'-'d, drew in his bead, and he and AtJog remained iu 
Iho dark, so still, that they hardly tentured to draw their 

llie proceaaion moved mi toward the house, aa might be 

' dmrly perceived by the nearer approach of the ahouliuj- and 
crying. Th^'y were now ail come in, and. light and active, 
tbn liwarfN jumpi'd nl)out on the hnnchi'X ; and honvy and 
loud sounded at iutervulx the stops of tim giantit. Orm and 
his nife heard them covering tbo table, and the clattoriuy 
of the platen, and tho shouts of joy with which they ceU^ 
bmted their biinqiirt. When it was over and it drew near 
to midniijhl., timy began to dniife to that rnrinliiiig fairy-air 
which charuut tiie miud into such dweel L-uufuaii^u, aitd 

nhich some hftvc heard in Ibe rock; glriM, and iMmoii bj 
listMuiig to lli« uudergrounil miuncituin. Aa aooii mi Ajilog 
caught tbe tKiund of tAis air, sliH fett au bresUtibte Iodkii:^ 
to Bpe the dance. Kor wns Onn mble to keep bcr buck. 
" Let nie looV," siiid the. " or my heart will bursL" She 
took her cbild ttud plaeed lierm-if ut the I'llreine eud of the 
)i)ft, whence?, witliout beiog ob»en'fd. »1ie could see oil thai 
niuiMid. l^niig did >he gnzc, without tnkiiig otl' her <■;<-■« for 
tm iiiittnut. ou ih« donee, uu the bold niid wonderful npiiugs 
,<]£. tbe Ittflf ■TT'^liir^it ti kw aa n m n d trr Wtt n t in thn air, and not 
K> mocb an to touch the ground. whili> the nunshing melody 
of the clvi-B filled her whole wiul. The child niejuiwhile, 
whieh lay in her oriua. grew sleepy uud druw its brestb 
hearily, and without ever thinking on the pivmise she ha<l 
given the old woman, the mndc, lu is Uiitinl, the sign of tbe 
eroaM over the mouth of tbe fhild, »uii Kiid, " Cliri»t blewi 
you. my babe I " 

The instnnt she lind Epoken the word there wn» niiwd « 
horrible piercing m-. Tlie vpirtts tumbled hendu o*m hocia 
out ut the door with terrible frusUiag and crowding, their 
Jigfata went out. and lu a few mluutes the whole house vaa 
ripsx of them, and leit desolate. Urm and Aslog frightened 
lo deAth. hid theniseWes in the ino&t retired nook in thi> 
houHe. They did uot venture U> irtir till daybreak, and not 
till the sun ahone through tbe bole in the roof down on the 
lire-placo did they feel L-ourage enough to descend from the 

The table remained ttill covered as thft undergrouud" 
people hiid left, it ; all their vcfcels. which wcrf of silver, ami 
muimfaetured in the moat benuliful mnuner, wen; tipon it. 
In the middle of the room, there stood upon the ground « 
huge copper vessel hnlf full of swept mend, and by the »ido 
of it. n dritikmg-hom of pure gold. In the corner lay agaiust 
the wall a etringed imttrumeut, uul uulike n duleiiner, wliicb, 
as people believe, tbe UiAuleaees used to ]tlay on. Tbey 
gnr.ed ou what was before them, full of ndmiration. but with- 
out venturing lo lav their huiidn ou anything: hut great 
and fearful was their amazemeut, when, ou luruiu^ nbout, 
tbey mw sitting nt the table an immense fij-un?, which Orm 
inatuitly rf<:ugni»ed iw the Giant whom Uiiru animated 
by her embnu.-e, Ue whs now u cold and hard atone. ^VhLle 


tnr&Krs OB T BOLLS 


thoy were etnndias gazis^ oD it. Gum lierself ontvrvd tlie 
room in hpr giiint-iVirm. She wept so bitterly, that her toora 
trickk-d down ou IIm ground. It wiia I»ng ure her sobbing 
permitted her to utter a aiugle word ; at luat iiUe BjHilte : — 

'' Urcat alilictian btife you broucht on me, Euid hcucelort h 
I mudit wc(Tp whilu 1 live ; yet ub I know thnt ynu bnro ii»t 
dono this with evil intentisus, I forgive you, though it nuru 
a trifle for me to cnuli tbe whole house Uka an egg-sheU 
over your hmd»." 

"Alna!" cri«d the, " my hiubimd, whom I love more 
than myaelf, there he aitei, petrified for ever; never agalu 
will he open bis eyes ! Three hundrod years lived I with 
my Gtthfr ou ttw; i«!nnd of Kunnon, hnppy in the innocence 
of youth, AA the fuireal among the Oiaiit-nitudenH. Uigbty 
heroes sued for my hand ; the Hea around that inland ia atill 
filled with the rocky fragmentB which they hurled ngninst 
fiitch otbt'f in their combats. Andflnd won thti victi>r^-, and 
1 plighted myself to him. But ere I wiut married cuiue the 
<letwt able Odiu into the country, who overcame my father, 
and izove us all from the island. My father and sisters fled 
to tho mountnind, and since that time niy i^yen h.ivc beheld 
tliem nu more. Andliud and I saved ounielvea ou this 
island, where we for a luug time lived io peace aud <|uiet, 
and thought it would never be interrupted. Ifut destiav. 
which no one cucnpes, had del^rmined it othcrwi»e. _Olnt * 
from Rritttiu. They culled hitii the Uoiy, a:id .4aidfui^ 
.iij found tliat his vojagu woidd be iuuuapieioua to the 
. Whm ho heard how Oluf s ship rushed through 
yiamM, he WL-nt down to the strand mid blew the sea 
it him with all bin strength- The waves swulled up 
_ mountains. But OUif waa still more miohty than he ; 
hl« ship flew unchecked through the billows like an arrow 
fruin a bow. H« steered direct for oiir inhuid. Wlieu the 
ship was so near that Aadfiiid thought he could reach it 
with his handa, he grasped at the forepart with his right 
hand, and ww about to drag it dow-n tii the betttim, ns he 
had often done with other nhi{H>. But Oluf, the terrible 
Oluf. steppL-d forward, and croBsiug hia hauda over each 
other, he cried with a loud voice, ' ntand there as a stoDO) 

• TUiliB^tOtDf«OlMC, Ihenrliki: tpoilc oCiht Nortk. 



tiU tlie laat Jay,' aud ji the nme msUnt tny uDhapp;^ bua> 
band bccamo a mius of rock. The ship soiled on unimpeded, 
and mil iliriTt aLmiust the mouiitnin, wliich it cut through, 
aud Ht^purated truiti it the little islatid which Um out 

" ['Ivor aince my happiness has been annihilated, and 
lonelj' 1111(1 tiitliuiebolj- lime 1 paaeed my life. On Yule-cn-e 
alone ctui petrified tiiaoila reeeivo buck their life for the 
apace of seven lioura, il" one of tliei'r rnee rmbracce lliem, and 
is, at the aame time, willing to eiurrifice a hundred yean of 
their ovni bfe. But KilUom ilut-a a Oiaut do that, I lored 
niy huijb&nd too \reU not to bring him bnck cheerfully to 
lift) ei-pry time that I coiild do it, even at the highest price, 
and ntn'er would I reckon bow otlen I had done it, that I 
might Dol know when the time came when I mj'Helf ahuuUl 
share Ins fate, and at the moment thnt I threw my anna 
around him become one with liim. But nlnH ! rvcn this 
comfort i» taken from me ; 1 can never more by aiiv cnibroco 
airake him, since ho hiui heard the nanie which I dare not 
utter; and never again will he see the light until the dawu 
of the last dny shall bring it. 

" 1 now go hence ! You will never again behold me ! AU 
that ia here in the houiie I give you ! Mt duleiroer alone 
will 1 beep ! But let no one venture to Gz nia habitation on 
the little islands that lie around here ! There ilnell ihr- little 
underground ones whom vou siw at the festival, and 1 will 
pn:>I('i-t tiiem as long aa I live !" 

With tlicac worde Gum vimiahed. The neit spring Orai 
took Uie golden horn and the silver ware to Drotitlwtin, 



■ A lcifci>d limllu Ei> ilkla il told ofSuat Oluf id wrlout puik of Sandl* 
hivla. TL*> falloning it Ln u^mple :— Ai he vu uiling hy tlio high tuiod* 
hilli \n llointliemd. la nliii-h & giaDitH aWitj tlic cried oul to htm, 
S«lat Otuf uiit itie rvd b<-tiit brw 1 
Mj ccHu^vilII thou'rl HJljiif too nttr\ 
Oldf v» iuonurd^ ind inatrnd of fuidmg tbs iliip thmigb tbo rocu, b« 
luined it tomd th« bill* n^pUiciif : 

HccrkrTi than hiifb wiUi thy Bpijitlln juid 'ockT 

Tlirre aiiBlL ibnu ijl uid bv h ■Tout-blurX I 

md trftRtf^ but he tpukeii wlich xhv hill hunt vi4 the giant«» wni lunitd 

Dio ittiuc- 8bv h tUU Hcn itulni; ah xUv ttM tide «Hb het rock vid t^ndlt - 

ml of ihv oppotiie olm* ipi^ng a bolj wdL Orttnm. Dtaudw Myibotrf**^ 



where no one Imeir him. The value of tlwwe precious metals 
WM 00 great, thnt hr wem able !« purchase cvcrvthing retjui- 
rito Ibrmrimlthy niAii. He IniW Iiim Khinwich liU purrhitcr*, 
■11(1 rvtuniod batk tu thi- iBbjid, whi'ro bi; K|>eul majiy y«iara 
iu unalloyc^d happincHS. and Aalog'ii lather niu aoon reeoucilod 
to hin wrnlthv sonon-liiw. 

The nlouL- tniufC'^ n-iniiint-d nittln;; in the house ; no human 

Eower wai ablo to roovi' it. So hrird wae the (itonc, thnt 
luniiieT and xi« flew in pieces without maliiuR tho slightest 
impn^Hxion upon it. Tlit; (linnt uit tht-'K ttU n holy man 
ZMTie to the iiJaiid, oho with one ain^le nord removed biin 
bnck to his fonncr stntiou. whrrc hp stnuds to this hour. 
The eopprr tcjjicI, which the undcremiiud piro[iIc h-ft behind 
ihiTD, vaa prt'sfrred UD & nieiuoriaJ upon tUo ishuid, wliich 
bf-an the oame of House Isl&nd to the prctent day. 


Ol TtMa. HUBF, NiMU 1 bvn friu. 

rim Uvjnwi 

InJ WtlMiga, TnlU, ini Mho Id iHb nnk. 

Tux Kit i* the nainn btnnff thnt in called Knbold in Gerraasy , 
Bmmie in Scotland, and whom we sliall meet in Tarioui 
other pl*cc« under diflcrrnt nppellationa. Ue is in Denmvk 
and Nomay aim oalltd Niaae ^d-dreng (Amw mod lad), 
and in Swedea Tomtgubbu i^Oid J£m ^ the tlotut), or 
briefly Tomtc, 

He in ciidcntly of the Dairf fnmilT. m he rwemblM them 
in appeanuice, and, like them, hoti the command of money, 
and tbo same dislike to noiae and tumult. Ue it of the aiie 
of a yaar-old child, but baa the faco of an old man. Ilia 

* N'liH, Grtmin ihinlii (Oidv M.ufaot p. 473) li N'lili. MIfWd, (. C 
Nltoliut, KIclii. a nxnDiin nuoc ia Gtnaiaj tai lb* Nvrlh, uliieh ■ klia 
MMnciM to Klu, Clui. 



UAual dresa is gro^\ nilh n pomtvd ivd luip ; but on Itlcbaeb 
iun«-dav he wears a roiiud liat Ukc tlio&e of tli« pciutLiibt. 

No inrm-house soc» on well unices there is a Nis io it, 
and wfU in it Tor tHe mntdB and tho men when they are m 
favour with him, They may go io their ht-ds atid gire thcni- 
ftelres do trouble about their work, and yet in the moniiiig 
thu mnidx nill Gtid the kitehpn *wi<j>t up, and ii&tcr brought 
ID, and tliu meuuill find thv iiorst^a in tEic ulablc w<!ll cIcaiimI 
and curried, and perliaps a euuply of com cribbed for them 
iroiu the iivishboun' bams, llut ho puniiihes them for aiiy 
jrrveiilnrity thnt lakrjt pkce. 

Tlie Niwea of Korway, we are told, aru fond of tho moon- 
lij;ht, aud iii the winter time tliey may be neeu juuipiiig oxer 
the yard, or driving i]i sledges. Thev itre also kkilled in 
iDuaic and dntidng. and will, it is »iid^ ^ive instructions on 
the fiddle for ii yr^ thrtp, like the Swedish Stroraknrl.* 

E>ery chua'L, too, baa its Nis, who looks to onlrr, am! 
chastises those who misbehave themselves. He is called the 

d)t fiis Mnnattns-t 

It is veiy difficult, they say, to get rid of a Nis when one 
wbhea it. A man who lived in a liouae is which a Nis 
earned his pranks to grent lengths reaolved to qiiit th« 
tenement, and li'iivc him there alone. Seieral cart-loada of 
furniture and other articlea were already gone, and the man 
was eome to take awav tho last, which consisted ehiefly of 
empty tubs, barrels, an3 things of that sort. Tho lom! wa« 
now all ready, and the man had just bidden farewell to hia 
house and to the Nis, hoping for comfort in his new habita- 
tion, when happening, from some enuse or other, to go to 
the back of th« cart, there he saw the Nia sitting in one <tt 

■ Wilir u/' CiilniDi. rti'iii. Mjihol., p. 479, who IbinVi lie wtj l»v« eon- 
foundcd Ibc Nit Mlth iIjc .NOck. 

t The plirti nun tiontil in the fo1lnirtD|[ iIotIh tm ail in Jullind. tt k 
itfrnftrkitUr Uiki vt fccm to Iuto fouvetj huj Nit ilcoi** fmtd SwtJeo. 



the tubs ill the cart, plainly with the intention of going 
•long with liim whenever he went. The good man wua Hur- 

CriKd aiid diiicoriecrtt^d beyond meaaiire at seizing thtit all 
is lubour v-aa to no purpotie ; but the Nis begnn to lauch 
heartily, popped his liend up out of the tub, and tried to the 
bewildered liiriiier, " II«! wo "re liioviiig to-ilay, you •©©."• 


t^t Jpmittttt fiH. 

It ia related of n Nis, who had cetitblithed himself in a 
house in Jutlnnd, that he u-ted every evening, ntl<rr the maid 
was gone to bi'd, to gu into the kJteheji tti take bin groute, 
which they used to leave for him in a woodc'n bowl. 

One evening he luit down iis usual to eat his supper with 
n guod ii[ipetilir, drtrw over the bowl to him, and wa* juiit 
bfgiunijijt. as he thought, to make a comfortable iiiexl, when 
he found that the maid had forgotten to put any butler iuto 
it fur him. At this he fell into n I'uriotia rage, got up in the 
height of hiH psiwion, ami went out into the cow-houwe. and 
twialed the n('<-l( of the bert euw that watt in it. But as he 
felt himself still rery huufp-y, he stole back again to the 
kitehen to take some of the groute^ such as it was, and when 
he had entcn a little of it ho percsiTod that there was butter in 
it. but that it liad nunk to tbu bottom atidrr the groute. K« 
was now so vexed «[ his injustice toward the maid, that, to 
make good the damage ho had done, he went back to th4 
cow-hoi»c and «ct a che*t full of money by the sido oT tho 
dead eow, where the faniilr found it next morning, and by 
mcona of it got into flourishing ciroumiitaiiees, 

* Tbit ilaij i* tumnt in flamuj, Fjifluid, uid Inluid. In thf Ormcn 
■fnry iTio ^TinfT >ti Htf In TiJi bim la burn tb« KaboLd iu li. At he vn* 

(JriviEigf atlt ^**' i"n>c-i1 rnuhd I4 IekiIc bl tliif bU», &tid, lo bit no tmill uvra- 
bAdon, mw ibc KaboU Iwlnnd biin in ihn ailf Cfjini " It wu liv* fof D4 M 
a* OBI — [I wH lime for u U «i<ia< «ut I ** 



triK fivt niiV tf)r Bap 

TiESue was n \ii in a house in Jutland ; he evciy lyrcning 

Eot his groute at the regular time, auj In?, in return, uaed to 
elp both tho men and tho mnids, and loohnd to the iut«rest 
of trie mnster oF tlie house in every respect. 

Tiiere cairie one time an arch iniBchirvoua boy to live ftt 
Bwrvice in llii» house, and his great delight wa9. whenever ho 
got an opportumtr, to give the Nie all the annoviuiee in hi* 
power. One evenme, late, when fviarthitij; »ii» t|iiiet in tin- 
place, the Kia took hla little wooden di«h. and wad just soin^ 
to cat his RUpper, when he perceived t^at tho boy had piit 
the butter at the bottom, and concealed it, in hope* that hu 
migbt eat the grnute first, and th<rn find the buttirr when bU 
the groube waa gone. He accordingly act about thiuVins 
how be might repay the boy in kind; so, after pondering a 
little, hr went up to tho !oJ^, where the man and the boy 
were lying aaleej) in the hiluic bed. When he bad tokeu the 
bed-clotheB off them, and saw the little boy by the aide of 
the tall mjin, he naid, " Short and long don't mnti'h ;*' anil 
with this word he took the boy by the legs and ilrngKed biin 
down to the man's leg*. He then went up to the lioad of 
the bed, and " Short and long don't mutch," eaid he ogtUDi 
and then he dragged tho boy up ooce more. MHicn, do what 
be would, he could not iiucceed in malting the boy tta long u 
the man, he still peraisted in dragging htm up and down in 
the bed. and continued at this work the whole ni^t longi 
till it WAS broad d.iylight. 

By thia time he was well tu^d, bo he crent up on the 
winaow-Htool, and aat with hia legs hanging down into the 
yard. But the houBe-dog — for all doga have a great comity 
to the Nia — a» soon as tie saw him. began to baric at liini, 
which afforded such amusement to Nis, a» the dog could not 
get up to him, that he put down first one leg and thru thn 
Other to him, and teaxed him, and kept sajing. " Look at my 
little 1^ ! look at my little leg!" In the meantime the boy 



bid wnlcffncd, and hud stolen up cIom brliiiid h!ir., nnit whilp 
Ni* WU3 leikst thiuking of it, and was gning ou *ith bi» 
" Look at ui_v littlo leg I" llie boy tumbled liim d^wa iuto 
the ynfd to I'lie dog, erring out at the «uiie time, " Look at 
tlw M hole of him now '. ' 


C|)( fiU ittWns uuiii. 

TriRnR lircd ft mnn nt Ttirrating, in Jutlnnd, wlio liiid n Xi* 
in tiiit bum. Tbiti Nis used to ntt«nd Ut the cattlt-, and nt 
ai);ht tie tvould Htval fuddt-r for them from the uei^iibouni, 
■o that this fitmicr bad the best fed oiid moit thriving cattle 
in the country. 

Otiu time the bov u'unt along with Ibe Xis to FuKluriia to 
Meal corn. The ifia took aa much as be thouRht he could 
well citrn-, but th« boy was more coTdouit, and said, " Oh, 
take more; sure we can rort now and then!'" "Hcrt!" 
•aid tliu Nui ; " rest ! and what in rt-Ht ?" " Do what I tell 
you." repl)«i tbe boy ; " take more, and we shall find rest 
when we get out of'this." — The Nis then took more, and 
th«'V went awar with it. Hut when thoy wi-nt conm to the 
laiicU of Thyrtting, tho Xi» grew tircd^ and thc-u the boy 
said to htm, " Here now in rent ;" and thoy both aat down on 
the >ide ofa little hill. " If I had known," «aid tho Ni*, m 
tbi-y ncTv fitting there, "if I bntl known that rest via» ao 
(ood, I 'd havo wtrriyd off all that was in tbe barn." 

It bapneued Home time after that tbe boy and tho Nis 
were no longer friends, and aa tho Nia waa sitting one d*y 
in tbe granary- window, with his IpgH hanging out into the 
yscd, the boy ran at him and tumbled bun back into tlio 
granary. Itut the Nis took his satia&ctioD of him that very 
••me night ; for when the boy wiw gone to bed, be utole 
down to whef* be waa lybij;, anil carried him naked as bo 
w«a out into tli« yard, and t1i>?'U laid two pieces of wood 
■croM the well, and put him lying on them, expecting that, 
wben he awoke, he would fsll from the fri){1it down into the 
w*U and bo drowned. Uut he wu diianpointed, for the joy 
came off without iniurr- 

C^c 0id xnti tbc iS^arc. 

Tbbre was n loan wlio lived in the towu of Ttrup. who liad 
a vcrv hamluonio white ninrc Tliin mnrfi hno for iiinnv 
yenra gone, like an iit-irUiom, from father to son, btHMiiue 
thi're wan a Nia attached to lier, wliich brought luck to 
tlii- place. 

Tnis NiH WM io foud of tlio mare, tliat lie could liardlv 
midure to let them put her to any kind of work, aud hv uae'd 
to come himself every eight and feod her of the l)e«t ; and 
*« for thin purpose he usually brought n sujioriluity of ooni, 
huih Llireahed wid ui the ntravr, IVoiu the ueighhount' bams, 
all the rest of the cattle enjoyed the advantage of it, and they 
Woro all kept in eicecdinj; good cnsc. 

It linppcncct nt liwt thnt the fiimi-liouse pniMMl into tlic 
hamU of n new owner, who refused to put any fiiilb in what 
they fold him about the mare, bo the lui'k speedily loft the 

E1(U.'0, nnd went nft^r the mnre to lila poor neighbour who 
nd bought her ; luid within five days alutr hia purohaae, the 
poor furiuer who had bouj-ht the mare began to find hia 
circumst-anees grnduallv improring. while the income of the 
other, day ufti-r day, fvll away and diminished at auc-h a nkto, 
that he was hard set to miike both ends meet. 

If now the man who bad i,-otton the mare had only known 
how to tie oiiiet, nnd enjoy the gnoi) tinieN thnt were come 
Upon him, be and liis chUiireii. and bin childreii'a childreu 
alter him. would have been in flourishiug circumstance* till 
this very day. IJut when he wiw the (jimntity of com that 
canio every night to hia bam, he could nut retitKt lua desire 
to gt't a aight of the Nis. Ho he concealed himself ono 
evening, nt nightfall, in the stablei and n» soon nx it waa 
midnight, he nuw bow tbo Nia came fnmi bin ueighbour'a 
bnni and brought a enckful of corn with him. It was dow 
uniiToidnble thnt the Nix should gat a sight of the mnii who 
was watching; ho he, with evident marks of grief, Kavo the 
tuaro her food for the last time, ulcaued, aud dresaoa her to 





tUe beat of liU abilities, and when he had done, turned ruutid 
to where the man wb» lying and bid liini liircwcU, 

From that Aay forward the cireuinHtuiiifH of both titv 
ucighboun were on &n eijiuUity, for each now kejit liis own. 

e%r ftvl KOltns. 

Thesb was f Ni* in a farm-houM-, who was for ever iorment- 
iog the inn-dB, and pluviuH all uuumer of roRiiish trick* on 
thi-m, and licy m return were continually pliiuiJiig how to 
be even wit'i him. Thero came one time to the tarm-liouae a 
Juttiah drover ntid put u|> there fur the night. Among hia 
CBttU^, thoru tnui uue very l&rge Juttieb ox ; and when NiR 
tftw him in tlir stable he took a prodigioiu fancy to get up 
md ride oi-. bin back. Ho accordingly mounted the ox, and 
immediate y began to torment the ot-juit in such n manner 
tlint be broke Tooie from bid halter uud ran out into tlir; 
j-ard with the Kin on hia back. Poor Nis waa now terrified 
in eametiC, and began to shout nnd bawl most luetily. His 
cries awakened tlie maidn, but iniilrnd of coming to hie 
BXMiitance they lau);)ied at liim till tbey were ready to break 
their bearto. And when the oi ran against a piece of timber, 
so that the unfertunnlo Hin had hix liood all t<jm by it, the 
maid* ihout^il out and called him " Ijunie leg. Lame leg," 
and he iiade off with himself in most mi«.-rable ijbght. But 
the Kis did not forgot it to the maids ; for tno following 
Sunday when they were goui^ to the dunce, be contrived, 
unknown to them, \o smut their fiiceii all over, lu that whcii 
tbey gel up to dance, every one that was tbera bunt out a 
tangbirgat tbcm. 



Cti( fiUtt* in Vatioig. 

TaiKS was ouce on exceeding great nmuber of Niaws in 
Jutlftoil. ThoM in Vofeborg in particular w«t« treated iritJi 
M> much liberality, tbnt tb«jr were careful and eolidtmu 
beyond Dirofiure for their rm^ter'e interest. Thej got every 
preiiing in their swtiet-gTOut« a lftrgt> luuip of butter, ojtd in 
return for this, they odc« showed grctt E£>al and gratitude. 

One rerj wrverc winter, a lonely house in wliich th«ro 
vera six r^vee was so completely (.■overed by the idow, that 
for the space of foiirteeu daya no oue vouLd get into it. 
'tt'hea the snow was cone, the people naturally iQOUght that 
the CAlres vera all aead of hunger ; but far from it, they 
found them nil in excellent condition ; the pWe cleaned up, 
■nil the cribs full of heautiful cuni, no tnat it was quite 
evident tho Niaaea had attended to them. 

But the Nis, thoueh thus grateful when well treated, is 
Bure to avenge himaell whi^n any on<! diica anything to aunoy 
and rex him. As a Nia was one day amuBing himself br 
runuing on the loH over the cow-house, oue of the boards 
gave way and his leg went through. The boy happened to 
lie in the cow-houBC when this happened, and when he saw 
the Nia's Leg hanging down, he took up a dung fork, and 
gave him with it a smart rap on the leg. At nooo, when 
the people were sitting round the table in the h&U, tho boy 
•at continually laughing to liiin^elf. Tho bailiff aaked him 
what he was laughing at ; and the boy replied, " Oh 1 a got 
■uch a blow at NLa to-dny, .ind a gave him such a hell of a 
rap with my fork, when he put his leg down through the 
lott." " No," cried Nis, outride of the window, "it wna not 
fme, but three blows you gave me. for there were three 
prongs on the fork ; but 1 shall pay you for it. my lad." 

Ncit night, while the hoy naa lying fust asleep, Nis came 
and took him up and brought hini out into the yard, then 
duns him over the house, and was so expeditious in eetliug 
to the other side of the house, that be caught iiim before be 






utme to the grounil, nnt! innfAntly pitched bim over HKiun, 
mud kept going oh wilU tSii* »p(irt liU the boy Lad been 
riijht limes backwards nnd forwards over the roof, iinii the 
uinth time he let him fnli into n grvnt pool of unU-r, luid 
theo set u|> such a shout i>f Inushtcr at him, that it wakened 
up all the peopl« that were in Uie pbce. 

In Sweden the Tomte is eometime* seen at noon, in sum- 
mer, slowly and stealthily dragging a straw or an car of 
com. A fiirnicr, spcing him thus engaged, laughed, and 
said. " What differfnce ooes it make if you bring away that 
or nothing P " The Tomte in displeasure left his farm, and 
w<-ut to that of ills neighbour; and with him went all pn>- 
tipt-rity Irom him who had made light of him, and passed 
oTcr to the other farmer. Any one who treated the indus- 
trious Tomte with respect, and set store by tho smallest 
straw, betume rich, and neatness and rcgnlnrity prevailed in 
his bouMhoId * 


Otb 1D(*B Ilkhfni blekir >tnt tlMa 
1*1* boljuii rjcH I t&lld* woimn fUni. 


Tba Kfek bd iiwni opoti lb* rtTxr rtnf^ 
Upon lh« wvr» In tii« mild ui\u njr. 

It iM a p^(tval(^nt opinion in tho North that all the Tarioiit 
beings of the popular iTL-ed wer« ont-c worsted in a conflict 
with superior powers, and eoudemned to remain till dooms- 
day in cvrtoin nniigncd abodes. The Dwarfs, or Hill (Berg) 
truU», werti appointt'd the hilU ; the Elvos the groves and 

* Afioliui, S^D lUfJiir., ii. 169. On Chrialmu-moniin;, tii •>;•. Ihs 



l«afy tre«; the Hill-pcople (USgfolk*) the care* 
rnrcms ; the Memien, Sli'rniaiiix, aud Necks, t)ii^ ae^ lukt.ii, 
and rirrrt ; the Rivcr-iiian (Stri/mkaTt) the BmtJl watci'fallH. 
Both tlie Catholic nnd I'rotestnjit clcrgr have cndcavoiirmi 
to «icit« an aveniou tu these bcioaa, out in vam. Tliey 
nro rc^rded as posseaune conaidenDle power over man aiiil 
natiire, nnd it is beiicvca that though now unhappy, they 
will be evtutiinlir wived, or faa fpr^uning (get cuvatiooj, 
08 it is eipressea. 

Tl)(i Neck (iu Danish KiJkk^t) is the river-Hpirit. Tbe 
ideas rpspecting bim arc various. Someiimcs ho ia repre- 
sented ne Bitting, of Bummer ni{;hts, on the Eiirfncir of Iho 
water, like a pretty little boy. with golden hair hiuijiiij; id 
ringlets, aod a red cap on bis head ; somt-ttmes aa above tlic 
wut«r, hk(i a handsome youug mau, hut beneath like ahorse;^ 
at other tititi-n, an nn old nian with a long beard, out ol 
n liieli be wriiiK" tlie water aa he >il)i on the diflii. In this 
last form, Odin, according to tlie Icelandic sagSA, haa some- 
times revealed himself. 

Tho Neck is very sever© against any haughty maiden who 
jtiakes an ill return to tho love of her wooer ; but should ho 
biiuaelf full in love wilh a maid of human kind, lie iti the 
most poUte and attentive suitor in tbc world. 

Though he is thus severe only against those who deaerve 
it, yet country peopk- when tbey arv wan the water uso 
certain precautions against bi« iiower. Metals, particularly 
rteei, are believed " to hind the ^eek," (l/iniia JViwAwh) ; 
and whcii going on the open sea, they usually put a koifo 

' At7 •'t?i>R'< * luf ' fnilnpncp, moiinialii, hill; ZTo;/. t liffghl, hillock. 
Thf Hiig^foii^ fcre RIt« tnd miittri«rp». 

f Tlir [iKDiih poiHDirj in WarmJut' tiae ifcribti lh« NbVki (Sifckc) 
■I ■ Diamuir wiih • hLinrni hnd, ititl itwrlli boih la fmh mi >t)i xmt, 
Whiin mj ons mi rlmwntii, ilirj niil, A'iiltibni tDff Hum Sort (ihn NA1ik« 
taak I'im ■">;) ; tad vhrn nny dmwnrH f^mnn waa fnuDil irllK thr noM r«d, 
thty viil the Sikki, bM unckpd hiiu t A'iilr?i A^rr jtwf Uatn, — MAftii]««ti» 
I^Uftlsrc DrniiLftrk twin|f ft fnU]iLr_i without %ny ilrratn* t4 m>£iLiIiiEl«, w« 
Ufvrt tn itic DuTiikn Knlkrai^h nij Ir^nit* nf ikr S'ilkk* ; Ltif! in ^ailLiid^ «h(Ii 
■*^ rbv Vatn-r at iEjo (I:kr|t,'* '/thti in Swi^dpn ii uiribcd 10 tba Neck, ik ia 
Denmark tippuu^d Id iLd HjAviikUfiEl nr Mrtuivn, 

f The N(M.'k ji «lia believni [□ jipjwitr in i!i« fonai of 1 com^Jtlv liorw, ftad 
an b* iride in nrli u the plenifli, y ■ bridU •>( > particuUr dooliilira ba 
•aiplo^cd. — Xala't FufyiiM.i Am 


Illicit*, MKKUEX, tyjt UERUUDS. 

in tlie liottotn of the biiitt, or tot n nn!! in a reed. In Norway 
the foUowbg charm is cuiuideivd eiTL-cluid a^fiuuitt the 
Nock: — 

Njk. nyi. iumI I vntn I 

Joiufm Mm ui liMtct kUa] ! T*f« ( 

Keck, neck, naO in wativ t 

The vu^u UuT fwitolb lUwl In mUwl 

Do you tink. I Oit I 

The Ke«k u a gnat miuici&Du Ue sits on tbc voter aaa 
plajntoD hia»il(l hnrp, tho harmony of wbicb op<!rat«« on 
itU nature. To L-aru iiniaic of Liim, a peraon muA prenent 
him with a black lamb, and alao proutao him reaurrecttou 
and mJcitiption. 

The foIloniDg st<Fiy it told in all puta of Sweden : — 

" Two bovs were one time ptaring near a river that mn 
by their fatlier's house. The Neck rose and eat ou the 
aiirfac« of the water, and plaved on bis harp ; but one of 
tho children caid to him. ' What is tho use, Neck, of your 
aittuig tliere and playing P you wilt never be aavcd.' The 
Neck then begun to wpcp bittt-rly, flung away liia harp, and 
sank down to the bottom. The dnldren went home, and 
told the whole Htory to their father, who waa the parish 
priest. He said tbey wen: wrong to sar no to the Neck, 
and desired theui to' go immediately bacit to the rirer, and 
console him with the promise of aalvation. They did aoi 
and when they riuiie down to the river the Nock was sitting 
on the wal^T, weeptiig and lamrnting. Tlicy then said to 
hUB, ' Neck, do not erieve so ; our father aavs that your 
lUdiiM'tner liveth also. Tho Neck then took his harp and 
ptavcd moflt nwMTtly, untillon|{afU'r the sun wild gone down." 

this legend ia alito found in Demnurk, but b a less 
■able form. A der^^man. it is said, was journeying one 
_ jht to Itoeid:ildu in Zealand, ilin way led hy n bill in 
which tiiere waa muaio and dancing and greet merriment 
going forward. Bone dwar& jumped suddenly out of it, 
■topped tho carriage, and asked him whither he was goin^. 
Ho replied to the xynod of the church. They o^iked him if 
ke thought they could be saved. To that, he replied, ho 
oiHiU DOt ^Te an immediate answer. They then begged 



that he vould give them a rt-plj hy next yetr. 'When h* 
next passed, au3 thej mjule the Bome dymaud, he replied, 
" No, you arc all dAnined." Scarcply bnd he spokeu tho 
word, when the whole hill appeaivd in flnini-ti. 

In another form of tliia legeud. a prieiit says to the Neck, 
"Sooner will this cnne which I hold in my hand grow 
grcea flowen thou thou sluilt attain mlvution." The rt<vk 
m grief flung away hia harp and wept, and the prini rudo 
oil. But Boou nis ciLDe Dcgaii to put forth leavev and 
bloesoius, and he then went W'k to coinniunie-Bt« tho glad 
tidings to tho Nock who now joyoualv played on all tlio 
e utile night.* 

CTlf Vaton of tfpt %»t;. 

LtTTLK Kerstiu she weeps iii her bower sll Uc cUy ; 
Sir Peter in his courtyard is playing bo gny. ' 

My heart's own dear I 

Tell mo wherefore you grieve ? 

" Grieve you for saddle, or grieve you for steed f 
Or grieve you for that I have you wed ?" 
My heart's, &c. 

" Asd grieve do I not for saddle or for stee^ : 
And ([rieve do I not for that I have you wed. 
Uy heart's, &e. 

" Much more do I griore for my fair gold hntr. 
Which in the blue waves shall De stauied to-day. 
My heart's, Ac. 

" Much mon do I grieve fof BingfnJln flood, 
la which have been drowned my two sisters pros.d> 
I)[y boart'e, &c. 

" It waa laid out for me in my infancy, 
That my wedding-day should prove heavy to mo." 
My heart's, &c. 


" And I Khali mukn tlirm ttic horse round elioe^ 
Be ehall not ntumble ou bia tour gold ahoea. 
My heart's, Slc, 

" Twelve of my courtiers rIioU before thee ride^ 
Twelve of my courtiew upon eaiJi biiIe." 
M_v heuxt's, Ac. 

But when they were come to Itiu[»falln wnod, 
Tliere ajxirted a hart with gilded home proud. 
My heart's, Ac. 

And nil the courtiers nftrr the h>4^ &re gone ; 
Little Eerstin, sSio niuat proceed alone. 
My heart's, &*. 

And when on KiugfulU bridge she goes, 
lier stecid he stumbled on his ibur gold sboei. 
My hciut's, &c. 

Four sold tihwd, and thirty gold iiuls. 
And tlio maiden into the Hwlll stream falls. 
My heart's, &c. 

Sir Pet«r be spake to his footpnge so— 
" Thou must fur my gold hmrp iiuUntly go." 
My heart's, &4:. 

The first Btruke on lus gold harp he gave 
The foul ugly Neck sat and laughed ou the war«. 
My heart's, A«. 

TI-« second time the gold harp he swept, 
The foul ugly Heck ou the wave eat nud wepL 
My haul's, Ac. 

The third stroke ou the f,"wld harp rang, 
l/ittle Kerriin n^achcd up her snow-white ana. 
My heart's, Ac* 

• Dil '"M;' ■I'V pi JuifliarpoB Hanff, 

Lilni Ktrnia r'ielia upp «■ nuAvUa arm, 
Min hftrliUga lor ! 
J titgm mif kra^iir J tafjatl 

He plftjed the bark from off the Iiioh tree*; 
He pkred Little Keretin back on hii knee*. 
My hciui'a, *<■. 

And the Neck he out of the whvm CTme th«rfl^ 
AdiI n proiii) mnidea on cncii ann hv bare. 

M_v heart's own d^-iir ! 

Tcli nw wbeK-fore you griors ?• 

T)i« Stboueasl. c&Ued in Xorway Grim or FoeM-Grimt 
(Wal«rfaii-Onm) is n miisicjil ^niii* likp the iipck. Like 
him too, when properly propiliutt-'t), hi.- cnniinuiiimtes hia 
■it. The EBcrifice also is a bWk limib.J wliicii th« offerer 
must present with nvprtod hcnd, and on Thuredny cTcniog. 
If it if> poor the pupil Kctn no fiirtht-r thwi to the tuning <if 
the instnimenta ; if it in fat the Striiitikurl at-iiea the rolarv 
bv the right hand, and Bwiiigs it b.iokwordB and forwartu 
till the blood muB out at the finger-endii. Tlio a«pirant is 
then enabled to play in dueb a mii»t*r!y manner that the 
trees dance and wutcrfulls slop at liii niiiBT:',§ 

The HBvmtuiiI, or MeniiEiii. is deaoribeu as of a liaudsoue 
furm. with greeu or black liair and beard. He ilwclU either 
in the bottom of the icn, or in the e'.ilfs and hill* near the 
Kea shore, and is re^jrded a» rather a good and beuefic«ut 
kind of being.ll 

The Hadruo, or Mermaid, is repreaciitcd in the popular 
tradition sonietimeH an a good, ut other tnnen aa an evil and 
treacherouB being. Slie ia beautiful in her appearauce. 

• Ai intrg in WmI OnibUnil «nil VfmiUdd, 

+ Fmk >t rl)P Nnrib nf England /on*. 

J Ol • while kid, Vife oj> On mm, Priit, .Mjlhcp],, p, ^S^. 

t Tbs ticrOmku'l hu fIctfo •hlTrnnl mrualF*, la leri nf whkh kluia 

p»opI« mkf dkn»; tb« tlpTvaih bvlonirf u (he n^ghi tiiirit hia bovU If vtj 

cat pUj* n, ubiM uid brnrhf*, rani and cup*, nid mpn ■imI wvimii, Mtind 

ttid UlDVi eitn th« child'PiJ in 1b« rradln, hcgm u> danr*.— AmdL uC tup,, 

tec dboTB p. SO. 

H In the Dannkv Tiprr And Falkrtaffn Elicrp >i« ft f«w MDEirv af Mt-nura^ 
pirh « Roimrt fUi-rufend knd .VIhtkIib^i Ditighivr, boili tnntUrrd bj Dr. 
Jmfmin, ftnd Agnrle und Ihia Mrmuia, wHii^h rrBemblvv Prpiid 5tmr^uvl* ll 
wu namm], d^n AftcIloK tlul wbai m SntUdb «u rcUtAi of a lllll Klny* 
•bould, in Dennivk, be ucrilicd lu % Mcrmaii. 



Fi>lM.'nneti lometinieir atv ber in the liritfht Kumnier'a sun, 
wlien a thiu uiist haiign 0T«r the sea, ailtuig ou the Burface 
of the water, and combine her long eoldeii hair with a 
golilcn roml), or d~vin^ iin ner snow-whits entile to feed on 
Ihp stnuiilfl aiwi -""»U Uhuida. At other times she conies ns 
a beautilul niatdeii, chilled and oliivering M'ith the cold of 
tho [light, to the fires the fishers have kindled, hoping; by 
tliifi ineiuiB tu entice tliem to her love.* Ucr apjic-nnince 
proRiioaticates holh glorm aiid ill succesa in their flshinji. 
People tbnt nre drowned, and whoso bodieii are not fouud, 
aru Dclieved to be taken into the dwelling* of the Merm.iidfl. 
Theee beings are aUo Bupposed to hare the power of fore- 
telling future events. A Memiaid, we are told, propUeaii'd 
the birth of Christian IV. of Deamark, and 


Kii Harfrao np »t Viindet nleg 
Ug ipuide Uorr Siiikliir ilcli.'. 

A niftmiAid tnai tho water roa*. 
And >(«fil Sir BiucLu- ilL 

Fortune'teOing has been in all eotmtrios a fptt of the sea- 
people. We need hardly mention the prophecies of Ncreu) 
aod Proteufl. 

A girl one time fell into the power of a Havfrue and 
passed fifteen voars in her submarine abode without ever 
seeing the huh. At length her brother went down in quest 
nf her, and succeeded in bringuig her back to the upper 
world. The Hai-frue waited for 89v«n jears expecting tier 
return, but when »he did not come bock, she struck the 
water with her stall and xnaAc it boil up and cried — 

ILuie jog tratt utt du Tiirit aH Mnk, 
Bt ikullc jug kr«lLt dig din tiufvehalB I 

Bw) t but known thoa so ftlao lo b«, 

Th; tLionog Odsk 1 'd bw* vnaktA for IhMit 

• Th* •i>[i«r»i)c» of t(i« Wund'HnriKB {5tn3»fr«> «■ Rlfuwmiin, ii 
tqiulli' unluckj ftir hunttn, Sho dta itiprniichio tha firrt, and wrki ir 
■hIuw jr ung miD. 

f AnidHOB, II. 930, ap. Oiimin, ]> IflS. 

prKB MAOirrB looked out tltrougb the caatle vhiddw. 

How ttii- Blreani mii so rapidly ; 

Aod there he taw liow upoD toe Etrc&m sat 

A woman moat fair luid lovelie, 

I>iik<) Ma{^iu«. Diike Mjignus, plight thee to m% 

I pray you still bo freely; 

Say me not nay, but yea, yesi 

*" 0, to you I will mve & trttvellinE ship, 
Tht) bi?Ht thut n luught would guide ; 
It f-oetli aa well ou «At«r a« on firm land. 
And throush the fields oU so wide. 
Duku AtagDus, Ac 

" O, to you will I give a courser gray, 
The beat thnt a knight would ride ; 
He goeth as well on water as on tirm laod. 
And throu"li the groves all ao wide," 
Duke TVIaguuB, Ac. 

" O, how should I plight me to you ? 
I never any (juiet get ; 
I serve the kiug and my native land, 
But with woman I match mo not yet." 
Diike MngnuB, Ac. 

" To you will 1 gire an much of gold 
An for more tlian your life will endure ; 
And of pearls and precious stonea handle g 
And all shall be bo pure." 
Duke Mngnus, &c. 

" O gladly would 1 plight nie to thee. 
If thou Wert of Christian kind ; 
But now thou art a vile sea-troll, 
M^ lore thou canst never win." 
Puke Mngnus, &a. 



"Diiko MacDiu, Duko Miuniua, Wtbink thcc well, 
For if tliou wilt not pligbt tiieo to lai^ 

And miimer not so hftuglit: 

Thou flhalt evfr cr&ity be." 
Duke MsgnuB, 4«. 

"1 am a king's son so gotxl, 

Uow can 1 let you g&in me ? 

Yoi) dwell not oa land, but in tbe flood, 

LWliicli would not witli me ogree." 
Duke Uugima. Duki' Maguus. plight (Iiee to nw, 
I oflVfr you still so freely ; 
Sbj me not nay, but job, y* ! • 
Ui ii ■ lolltj ttvtn SmOtiti. Mii[Diii mt ih* y«atifni Hn tt 
m Tut Uc died DUI ul hii miad. li it mil kBOWB thii ioMoilf 
fwndtd ik< 'm luEll]' foi nuivdca. 


Ooh llmffniitr ktmmii «Ltl ip^nflkAnil^ tLhr, 
Ooh bl«kt i3?D (klnanila drXcUm. 


And llfmkldeiu tnmh onl IXitlr gnn b*lr alvftjl, 
And Uucb bu* llulr thLntDC white fllothu. 

TTkder the title of Northern TkUikI) wo include nil t! 
lyins in the ocean to the nurtli t>( ^(Mtliuid, to wit Iceliud, 
the Feroes, Shetlumi, nnd the OrUncvs. 

These islands were &11 )>eoiiled from Norway and Denmark 
duHog the ninth wntury. TiD that time many of tbuvi, 
partinilarly Ii^lnnd and the Femes, though, perhapa, ooca- 
aiutially vuiled by stray Vikings, or by ships driven oiit 
of their course by torapeats, had lain wa«t« and desert from 
the creation, the nbode alone of wild benata and birds. 

But at that period the proud nobles of Norway aud 
Denmark, who scorned to be the vassals of Harold Pair- 
hair and Gorm the Old. the founders of the Nornejtian anil 
Danish mouorcliies, eet forth in quest of new iietttementA, 
where, at a distance from these haughty potentates, thoy 
might live in the full enjoviueut of their bolovcd indepen- 
dence. Followed by numerous vns?als, they embarked on 
the wide Atlantic. A portion filed themselves on th« 
distant ahores of Iceland ; others took possession of the 
vacant Feroes ; and more dispossessed tho Peti and PapK, 
the ancient inliabitants of Shetland and the Orkneys, and 
seized on their country. 

As the Scandinavians were at that time still worshiperf 
of Tbor and Odin, the belief in Alfs and Dwar& aceonf 




[Mniird tlicrm (o thoir new abodes, nnd there, db •!■«• 
where, survived the introduction of Cliristisiiit;. W« now 
procetKl to examine tbe restiges of the old religioa still ta 
Oe tmced. 


Dal muillitl. Kiiu Rir I llolai-Ulil 
ru dtnn* kDld* i)(. 

Ial.4iri>IUIt liAHDUTjn^ 

On till* »ld talK 

It in in twu that we look into tlie works of traveller* for 
information on the «uhject of popular belief in IceUnd. 
Their nttrntion wan too much occupivd hy Gi^vncm, roloa- 
uot'ii, ajn^culture, and religion, to allow Ihem to de\-ote any 
part of it to this, in their ejes. unimportant subject. So 
that, were it not ibr somp short hut cnnou« notices given by 
native* of tlio isliiiul, we should he qattc! ignorant of the 
&te of the aubordiiiate claaaea of the old religioa in Icelaml. 

Torfspuc. who wrote in the Inttcr end of the seventeenlh 
cmtury, given, in hisprrfiu-i.' to hip rditioti of llrolf Kraku 
Sajpt, the opinion of a veiiemhlo Ict^landiu ptistor, named 
Einar Oudmund, respecting tiie Vwarf«. This opiuiou 
TorfwiiH heard whoii n hnv from the lips of the old miin. 

" I believe, luid am fully iiersundeif." sniil be, "that lhi» 
people are the enutureii of God. consisting of a body and 
S rational npirit ; that thoy are of both iexcs ; morry, and 
have ehildn-n; and that all human acts talte pUu; among 
them as with ua : thai tht-y arc )>OB»naed of cattle, and ^ 
many other kinds of property ; have poverty and riches, 
weeping aud laughter, sicef and wake, and have all other 



affections belon^ng to himmn nature; and ttui tiiejr 
a loiigtT or a ahorter term of life kccording to the wM 
pleasure of Qod. Their power of haTini; children,'* he adds. 
"npwnm from thie, thnt aome of their women h»Tio haa 
cliildrcn bv men, and weru »ery wudotia to hhrti (heir 
offspring dipped in the sacred font, nnd initiated into 
Christinnitj' ; but they, in Roneml, sought in vain, Thorkatla 
Man, tlie wife of Kari, was pregnant by a Ilill-mnn, bnt s))« 
did not bring the child Aresus into the world, lu appean 
from the poems made on this fatal oc<^a«iou, 

" There was formerly on the lands of Hngn a nobleman 
named Sigvnrd Fostre, who bad to do with a Hill-woinan. 
He promiiMMl lier fttillifiiHy that he would take earo to have 
the child rtweived into the bosom of the church. In due 
timn the wnmiin came with her child and laid it on the 
churchyard wail, and along with it a gilded eiiii and a holj 
robe (preseiita ahe intendt-d making to the church for the 
baptism of her child), and then retired a littlo way. The 
pastor inijuircd who ackDonledgod himself the father of the 
child. Sigvard, pcrhnjix, out of ahomc, did not venture to 
acknowledge htiiiMdf. The clerk now asked hi]n if it should 
be baptisea or not, Sigvard said * No,* lest by assenting he 
•liould he proved to be the father. The inifnnt then was 
led where it waa, untouched and unbaptiscd. The mother, 
filled with rage, snatched up her babe and the cup, but left 
the vestment, the remains of wbieh may still bo seen in 
Ha^. Tliut woman foretold nod inflicted n aingidur 
disease on Sigvard and his posterity till the ninth genera- 
tion, and several of hts desceudante are to this day aBlicted 
with it, Andrew Gudmund (from which I am the seventh 
in descent) lind nn atl'air of the game kind. He also refused 
to have the child baiitised, and ho und his posterity bare 
suffered a remarkable disease, of which very many of them 
have died ; but some, bv the interposition of gooil meat, 
have CMcnnod the deserved punishment." 

The fullest account we have of the Icelandic Elves or 
Pwnjfs is contained in the foUowinc paxsnge of the 
Eci-loianLical Iliatory of Iceland of the learned Finnus 
Johanna^ us. 

" As wc have not as yet," says he, " spoken a single word 
about the veij ancient, and I know not wlicthrr mor» 





ri^u'ulous or prrreree, ppnuuuion of oiir foreruthen about 
Bemigoils, this seems the proppr piaws for Ba)iiig a few 
vorils about thia so celebrated figment, as it -was rhieBy ic 
this period it att-oined its nemft and it was believed aa a true 
and ni'ceaaary article of faith, that there are genii or senii- 
gods, tailed in uur language Alfa and Aifa-ftilk. 

•* Authors vary re«peeting their cs»ciico and orij^n. Some 
hold that they have Been created by God immediately and 
withciut the intervention of parents, like aome kinds of 
spiritd : othfTti inaintAtu that tbey are sprung from Adam, 
but before the creation of Eve r* lastly, some refiT thoui tfl 
Boother rnoe of men, or to a slock of pne-Adimiites. Boms 
bettow on tticm not merely a hiuiion body, but au immortal 
Mol: otbera asHigii tliem merely mortal breath {tpiritum) 
inrtead of a soul, wht^nco a certain btockhpad,t in an essay 
written by bim respecting tlivm, calls thvm our half-k^ 

" According to the old wives' tales that are related abjal 
this race of genii who inhabit Iceland and its vicinity, they 
have a political form of government modelled afWr the 
immc pattrm ni that which the iiihubitautfl thrmndvcs on 
under. Two viceroys rule over them, who in turn every 
•eoond year, attended by some of the subjects, sail to Noos 
way, to present themselves bofor« the monarch of the whole 

* TUli VH plftLnlv \ ihforj Af ih« monkL II groitlT membl«* the Rab- 
Ualol •fcounl of lU orlgia of Ibc Muik»D, which tbt mdf r will mcft 
la the woutI. 

S«mc iHlkndcn of iha pntcni Any ur, thai mm i^, when Err hh 
vuhiiig her childnn u the ninnInK mier. <i«d niddenl/ aXtri htr. She wu 
fltfhiraed. inr) thruti uiile (ucb vf them u mr* not tliwi. Ood uk«d hei 
if iJ] bet cltiMivn wen Lbrrr, nii<l the ■aid, Vm ; liui got far aqkwir, ihtt 
vhftt »h« cfird to liJd? from God »haiild In hjddfci from man. TSri* cbildrro 
Wcstne milBjiLlj inviublp an<i diatitK't fEimi ibc ml. Brfure the flood cutie 
Ab, (■«[ put chfim into a raie and riptnl tip tht e(i1rmiii:c. I'^ooi them art 
JvKendid all the midersronnd-pfniiln.- — MaifnuiMn, Edda/iwt, 

+ Thia ma eiie Jaiiui flwlmund, who wruie acvEral imilwa on ifaia and 
•imilar iiibirrii, pariicuLiilj one " Ue A Ilia ct AlFhiimuni," which ths leunH 
hialiup frhaEiu'Wriaea aa a wurk ** niilljui prrtli, et mcraa iiir^aa mitlnena," 
We mifhT. if MB trtrv lo iie it, be tif a iliffefrj^t opinion. Of JauuiUuifniiiDd 
Hr^fij S^enuniiiB iKua aijimapa bimarif toWonului; Janut GtidmiMdi^ 
*r( ijarvfui trriut qaam rude dmalitt, titi tt oMu MWfilw ■« tWyiJ* 
Woni,. KplaL, JIO. 


mce, wlio resides there, and to give bun a Vnie report roti- 
ei'rning tito fldelitj, sood coiiduirt, and obedience ot' th« 
vubjocta ; nnd thotv whu u^oonijiiuiy thitin oru Uj aaeuto tho 
gorenuneiit or viceroys if t)it.'y Imve trauegreaBed tke liutuul* 
or justice or of good moral«. If these are convicted oi 
crime or injiuticc, tht-y am forthwith rtript of their office, 
aad othcra un.' appuiiit^d iii their [ihR'e. 

"This nation is reported to cultivat« justice and equity' 
ahoTe all other rirtucti, lutd hence, though thejr are very 
pot<!nt, I'flpcctiill}' with wordu and imprccationa, they vary 
rarely, uuIchh provoked or injured, do any mitichief to nian ; 
but when irritated they arengo thomselvea on their enemies 
with djfjvdrul ciinwa nnd piiniihmcntji. 

" The uirw-boru iiiDuita of ClinBtianii are, before baptiam, 
believed to be exposed to gre^t peril of being atolea by 
tlioiii, and their own, which they foresee likely to be feeble in 
tnlnd, in body, in bcautv, or other gin^, l>eiiig Kulutitutad 
for tlicrn. These aupposititioua children of the si-misodii ara 
called UmBkiplingar ; whence nurses and mldwivca wore 
strictly enjoined to watch constantly, and to hold the tn&ut 
firmly in tncir arms, till it had bad the benclit of baptism. 
leat they shoidd furnish any opportujiity for such a ehan^. 
Hence it coniea, that the vulgar use to call fool*, defonueil 
people, and those who act rudely and uncivilly, Vaukioiiuga 
tint og hann tie ko aiinnaf Alfum, i.e. changelings, and ooma 
of the Alfs. 

"They use rocks, hills, and even the seas, for their habita< 
tions. which withinsidc are ne,it, and all their domestic 
uleusils extremely clcmi and orderly. They aometinuN 
iuTit« men home, and take eoiJeeiid delight tu the eouverw 
of Chriaiians, some of whom have had intercourse with their 
daughters or sistem, who nrc no less wanton than bcantlfiil, 
and have hod cbildrcm hy thenj, «lio must by all uieana Ixt 
washed tu holy water, that they may receive an immortal 
soul, and one that can be saved. Nay, they h.ive not been 
ntbantcd to feign that certnin wonn'H of them have been 
joined in lawful marrii^e with lUL'n, and continued for a 
lonff time with them, b^pily at first, but, for the most pttrt, 
with an ill or truncal conclusion. 

" Their eattle, if not very numerous, are at least Tery pro* 
Stable They are invisible aa tbeir owners are, unJees wneii 




it plcoacfl tliem U> nppear, uhiuh uru&II.v takea pluoe when t1ie 
Tcnthpr is soivne und l.hei aun BhiniDt* very orii^ht; for an 
tbi>}' do not see the Eiin within their dwcllingH.tlii'yfriitliicntIv 
walk out in tlie suushino that they may bo vbeered by ht* 
radiniipe.* Hcuw, oven thecofl'uwof dt!ad king* and noble*, 
siieh aa are the obioiig Btonea which art: to be ocen hcru and 
there, in wildernesses and rough placea, always Ue ia th« open 
air itnd npo*ed to the sun. 

" They L'bange llietr abodes auil huhitationa occaaionally 
like mnukind; this they do oa itew-yeAr's night; whence 
certain diviuaen and monntchnnka uaod on that night to 
wateh in the roadis, that, by the mitina of Tariuita forms of 
coDJorations appointed for that purpose, they might citorl 
from them ns tney paMod alone tho knowledge of future 
erenta-t But people in genenu, wbo were not at'ijuaiuted 
with such thinga, especially the heads of families, used on 
thin i-reniiig atrictly to chnreu their fhildn-n and servants 
to be sure to be Heriuuii and modest tn their actions and 
Usguogo. lest thoir invisible guests, and tnayhnp future 
neighbours, should be ngtli^evcd or any way offended. 
Uenee, whtu going to bed they did not shut the out«rdoor» 
of their house*, nor even tho door of the fitting-room, but 
having kindled a light, and laid out a table, they desired the 
inviaible personages who had arrived, or were to arriTc, to 
paiteke, u it was their pleasure, of the food that wiu> laid out 
for thMii ; and hoped that if il plwwrd thcin to dwell wtlliiii 
the limits of their land?, they would live safe and sound. 
and be propitioim to them. As this snpi^rnlitioud belief 
is eitremely ancient, ao it long contijmed iu full vigour, 
and was held by some ereo within the memory of our 

* Tha laluillf dimft, It irmld tmnr, mn i*d clatba. In Ninl'tSi^ 
in TO)i 1 psnoo pilji diT«i*d (■ tUktmhim) i> Jucululy oiled Kei|.cl( 

t Tbtct wu * bouk of pmphw.lM oiled llio Xmrttpd, or I'topliotj of 
Knick, ft man vho na mid to lia*« Uvcd in ilic 1 Ath ccotiirj. ll IrrttLrH of 
lljc chan^ of r* 4tf jUD and odior owlLrrv Hid 10 havo bo<<Ti revrkli^d to bim bj 
tbt Dvufi. Jabiuamat h^ Il ou lurgtd bj Brjuitlf SrvaBDiiji in or mbovt 
ihe jHi 1660, 

Z Flotti Jiihini^ Hjilorift F^Uti^litt, I.Untfup, Inm- 3liiK^ tlt*nl«, 
liTt. Wn hclinio n m^BliI «i/cli ..hi, i. Wld 11 lK( vlTMiil d«j, (01 lb* 
•■fcntilba it dd mvn eiliuci m IceUud tbna cUcwbCA. 

The IcelitDdio Ni-ck, Kclpir, or Wiit«iv9r,irit, ia CitUed 
liickur, Niimir. Biid Huikiir, one of the Eddaic iuim*B of 
Odin, lie appears always in the form of a. finp mpi«-gretf 
bureo on i\\e dcii-nliorc ; 6ut ho imj be iliHtin^iiafied Irom 
ordinary horses by the circumBtunco of liia hoof* being 
ravcrscd. If any one ia bo foolish oa to mount tiim, bu 
gAllopa off, and p)im?r8 into the srn with his Inirdeii. Uo 
can, however, bo caug&t iu s partiuuhir muiui^r, tamed, and 
made to work.* 

The Icelandm hare the sime DOtioBB respecting t1i« seola 
wbtL-h ve shali fiiid in the FeroM and Shetland. It ts a 
common opinion vrjth them that King Fbamoh and hiaamty 
were changed into these animala. 



QCIrur luuk UA )«la >rM 

Sigurd took Ibc verj boA nmrd 
I'bal tli« l>i*«rf« tikd etof uolditd. 

Tbx people of the Feroeei believe in the same ohiaaes of beings 
as the iuhobitnots of tho countries whence their uiCMtora , 

Thoy call i.he Trolls Undergroiuitl- people, lloUow-meu, 
Foddennkknifond, and Iluldcfulk. These Trolht naed fn>- 
■niicntly ta cany people into their htlU, and detain tbem 
there. Among sevend other iustances, Dcbest gives th« 
iollowing one of this practice : 

" WhHxt Mr. Toole was pricat ui Oatcroe, it happened 

• ShmIw TIwt, dL I3B. Qrimn. Dcul. Mjdiol., ^ *M. At Btliin, ta 
BmdM. ■ ilent man coniHied la ilituu un hlai tn ingenlnuil; Riul* biUI* ^ 
M ihit h( cauld not (rl •.tnj. nnA lir ploiigtirJ all ho UnA mth him. Ona 
lia» tbe bildla fall afTuid thr XnL, liV( > <1uh of fltv, (ptkni; inia iha I 
■n4 dflfifvd tfav luirTT>vr iloiim Muh lum. <«riaim, u' f"^. ■« ^ 144- 



that one of hi« hcarcp* wiw carricrl nway and returned ngiiin. 
At hut the snid young man being to te married, aud evi-ry 
Iking pn-|>ared, imd the priest being arrived tlio Saturday 
before at the pnrish, the bridegroom wiui eurriird nwuy ; 
wherefore tlu-y sent folks to look after him, but he eould 
not be fouud. The prieet de*ired his fricndB to have good 
courngo, luid that he would eomc ngain ; whieh he di<l at 
Wt, and n-latej that the HiJirit that led him away was iu the 
ehajw of a moat beautiful woman, and vory richly dressed, 
who dpsircd hini to t'ornnkc hpr whom he was tiow to mam', 
and ■■onsidLT how ugly his mirtreaa waa JJi comijarigoii of her, 
&ud what tine apparel 8he had. He said also tnnt ho saw the 
men that Bought nR*r him, and that tliey went close by him 
but could not see him, and tlmt he heard their calling, auo 
yet could uot oiixvcer them ; but that wbcn be would not bo 
ponuadcd ho was again letl nt liberty." 

The people of the Fcroes eaU the Kisses or Brownios 
Bgruiaar, and describe them aa little ureattires with red 

capa on their heads, that bring luck to any place where they 

take up their abode. 

It is the belief of the poople of those Island* that every 
ninth-night t.ho »enl» put »n th«ir nktnH and anHumc the 
human lurm, and diutce aud Hpurt about on the land. Al\er 
■ome time, they regume their skins and return to the wat«r. 
Th« following advmtun;, it i* iiaid, once occurred : * 

" A man hapjicnmg to pwa by where a female teal was 
disporting her«olf in the form of a womnn, found her skin, 
and took and hid it. When ihe could not find her *kin to 
creep into, she wasi forced to remain in the huujau funii : and 
as sho was tiiir to look upon, that same man took her to wife, 
hod children by her, and lived right happily with hi^r. Aftrr 
a long time, tlie n ife found the iikin that had been stolen, 
and could not resist the tomptation to creep into it, and eo 
alio heeame a wal again, and returned to the sea." 

Tlie Neck culled Kiliar is alaoan object of popular faith in 
tho Feroes. Ilo inhabits the strconu and hut-^aud lak«aa 
[delight in drowning p<»ple. 

* TbwI«,iU.51,rioiu iht MS.TnnliafSnbMtalhcPmn. 



W«n, itnct w« 4r* vaJom* to Yoh^ 
I'pil'l l.i(>>If«>l, link tl»*', tnjnt 

Bm'1 'iir ■ nd4]«rp pi4T up rouik ml, 

Ttw SbHlrli will i«f Git ■*, bnrt. 

■iinum Sa>a. 

Dr. HtBBBBT'a valuable work on tbe Slietluid hiaad* * 
fortuoatelj' cnabks ue to give a tolerablj' complet« acCQUnt 
of thp fairy ayjitom iif these tsUndii. 

The Slietlaodt-ni, ho iofuruiB ua, b^Here m two kiodo of 
TrowB, u they call the ScandmaTian I'toIIb, those of the land 
ud tbose of the sea. 

The fonni--r, wliDtn, like tbo Scots, thej' also term the^icU 
folt and aoid neii/hboaris, they (Xjaceice to inhabit the interior 
of green liilla, IVrBons who havo been brought into their 
hnhitationn liiivd biMm duxxlcd with tbe sjiieudour of what 
they saw there. All the interior walla are adorned with gold 
and cilvcr, nnd tho domestic utensils rosctoblo tho rtrang* 
thiiigH that are fouud Houn-'timcn h-iiif; oii tUe hiUii. Tbeaa 
ponons have always entered the hill ou one aide and gone oak 
Mt thu other. 

They muryaad b^ve children, like thuir northern kindred. 
A woman of the island of Veil, who died not long sinco, at 
the nilvaiiced age of more thnn a hundred ycon, void, that 
Hhe once met some fairy children, accompanied by a little 
dog, playing like other bovs and girls, ou the top of a hill. 
.Aiiotiier time nbi: hu|i|)cni'(l one night to raise hi-rwLf up in 
tho bed, when ahc Mtw a little boy with a white nightcap ou 
hiN hciul, sitting at the lire. IJlie a^kcd him who ho vti*. 
" I am Trippa'H son." said be. When »he beard this, oho 
initantlv *ained, i. c. blessed herself and Trippa's aon 

■ IhKrif Uoo of ilic Miclku'l Uuik. Edinburgh, 1 8:^ 



Saininy it the grnnd probMHon afniaat thorn ; a Sbetlaudet 
aitrays soius Uiwself wben piuisuig oy tlieir liilla. 

Ttio TrowB are of a diiiiiuulive stature, aud they are 
usually dressed in gay given gnrments. UTieo travelling 
from one pUce to ouotlier they may be seen mounh^d od 
bulruiJies, and riding through the air. If a per«oD should 
happen to meet them when on these joumcj*. he should, if 
he Hah not a bible in bis pooket, draw a cirtle round him oq 
the f^iind, and in God's name forbid their approach. Their 
thpn gencmlly dianppc-nr.* 

They are fond of iimBiu and dancing, and it in their diuicinK 
that forma the £tiirv rioga. A Sbetlander lyiog awake in bud 
boforo day one morning, hcJird tho tmisr ol n party of 'iVo^-s 
pawling by bin diior. Tliey were pre«-ded by a pippr, who 
wag playing away lusttiv. The loan liappcited to hfive a good 
CUT lor mii»ip, no he piclird up the tnnr he heard piftyed, and 
tiHi^d otlrn aft<.-r to rcjieat it tor hia friendn uiidur the nuoia 
of the Kairy-tune. 

The TrowB arc not free from di«'ftKC, but they aw poa- 
W'HM'd of infallible mmcdioH, wbii-h thc^y Nomt'timcR beatow 
on their fJivount4.-e. A man iu the inland of TJnst liod an 
fiarth^n pot that i^ont»incd an ointment of marrolloiiapover. 
This ho Hnid he gut from th(^ hilln, and, Uke tho widow') 
cruise, its contents nei-er failed. 

They have all the picking and stealing propensities of the 
8cnndinnvinn IVolla. The dairy-maid iH>mi:timc« dctecl«, a 
Trou-wuumn iwiTetly niilking the oou's in the hyn>. Sha 
aaina herself, and the tliief takes to flight so precipitately as 
to Icuvo behind her a copper pnii of n form never nren bcKira 

When they w imt beei or mutton on any feotnl uccaninn, 
thtfV betako thomaelves to the Shetlaoders' tcalkohit or lowit' 
mnilii. and with (■If-nrrown bring down their gnme. (^n tlieee 
OceaaiiiuB llicy delude the eyes of Ihi? owner with the tippear- 
anee of something einetiy rcAeiiibling the animal whom they 
have cruried ot!', luid bv it« nppurent riiilent death by tome 
Moideut. It it on this nt.'eount that the fleah uf nueh aiii> 
■nsls as hare met a sudden or violent de^ith is regarded aa 
improper t'lwtd. 

A blietliuider, who ia probably atiil alive, aHirmcsl that ho 

EdnoBMaa'* Vie*, &«, of Z«tUiiil liluuU lUin. ISOli 


SOBTKEBir IliLlirM. 

waa ODce tak«n into a LiU bj tlie Ttdits. Itere oos of tbe 
fint object* l.liat irnt his new wna one of liis own cow*, that 
waa farouglit ia to funuEh iniitcrialB For s huinijui^t. Ho 
regarded liiniself as bt-iug iu rather a tickliflh Hituattun if it 
wpre Dot for tlic protection of thf Trow-women, bj" whose 
fnrour he luid been n(Imitt<'il nitluD Iho hi)]. On nTtumiug 
liouie, he iMirui'd. tu bin great Hiirjirise, that at tb« rerj- 
moment he san* tlip con* brought into the tiili, others haa 
■t'en her failing otot tho rwka. 

Ljiiig-in- women aud " uuebriatened bairns" tbejr regard 
as bwful prize. The fonuer tliey employ as wet-nurses, the 
latter they of course renr up as their own. Nothing will 
induce parents to ahow an^ nttentiou to a ebilJ tbnt they 
suspect of being a ohaDgeltug, But there an^ persons wh) 
unucrtnkf to footer the hills and regnin the lost ehild. 

A tailor, not long Hiiioe, related the following story. He 
waa employed to work at a farm-house where there was a 
child thnt wns nil idiot, find who wag dupposrd to hare becD 
left there by the Trows instend of «onm proper child, whom 
tbev bad talci-ii iuto the iiilliL One nigbt. ntWr he had 
i^tired to tiis bed. leaving the idiot a«1eep by the fire, he waa 
»uddenlT waked out of his sleep by the sound of music, and 
cm lookmg iihont him he saw tlie whole room full of fairif-a, 
who wert" dancing awuy their rrtuiids most joyously. Sud- 
denly the idiot jumped up and joined in tlic d.inee, uid 
vhowcd such a degree of ncipiiiintniice with the vnriou* stcpi 
and moveineuta aa iiliLiuly tcistiiied that it must liave been a 
long time aince he first went under the hands of the dancing- 
Duuier. The tailor looked ou fur Home time with ndmiiution, 
but at last he grew alarmed and tainfd himstdf. On hearing 
this, the Trows all fled in the utmost disorder, but one of 
th«m, a woman, was so ineen^d nt this intemiption of their 
rcTclH, that us she went out she touched the In^ toe of tba 
tailor, and he lost the power of erer after moviuf; it.* 

In those cases of paralysis thcv believe that the Trowa 
have taken awny the sound nieniner and left a log bi-htnd. 
Tbey even aometlmea sear the part, aud from the want of 
aensation iu it boast of the eorreetnesa of this opinion. t 

* V< ttt*4 bifdl^ to mntnd (tio rtwJr<r iIaI in vtial pfv^rdn IJr. Itlbbcti 
1* Is b« iTgMdrd « th« iwmlar in IK'iZ. 





■With respect lo tW isthcbrlirforthf Slic-i- 
lftii<lcn thut they iubaliil it rt-Kum of tlieir owu al lh« buttoui 
of the aoa,* Toey here respire apeculior tttmoBphoro, luid 
liT« in h.iliitntioiui con«tntctcii of tho clioircat itibiiiHrinR 
produrtioua. Wbeu ihiry vi.iit tiw iijiptTr world on occastoiMt 
of business or curiositv, th«y are ubUgi'd to enUtr the «kiu of 
some ftniniiil r.iipabte of rvfipiring in the water. One of thn 
ah^>ea they tusauine U that of whnt is commonly called a 
mmnuu) or mennoid, buiuau fruui the viiuat upwards, trnoi- 
oatine below in the tail of a fish. But their most fuvourito 
TeUiele is the skin of thn largiT wal or Kaaf fish, foe aa this 
animal la amphibiouB tiiev caii Imid on some rock, and them 
caat oflT their aeO'ilrcas and assume their own Nbapc.andamuBo 
tlwmaelveii aa thuy will in the upn<T world. Thev must. 
however, take eepeeial care of th«r skiuH, as eaeh baa but one, 
qWiH if that should be lost, the owner can never rc-desiwnd, 
but must become au iiihabitnnt nf tin- im|immariiie world. 

The foUowiiig Shetland taka will illustrate tbia : — 

KfaQn't ion. 

r A boit's-ciiew landed one time upon ono of thn otoctta t 
with the iuteiitiou of altaekiug the bciJh. Ttiev bad eonai* 
derablc sticceHs: stunned several of them, and wliile tbey lay 
■tupcfied, stripped them of their skins, with the fnt attniched 
to tbeni. They left Ihi- niiked ciireases lying uii the roeka, 
and were about to get into their boat with their spoils and 
mtura to Pnpn Stour, whence Ihey had eome. But jjwt aa 
they were embarkiiig, there rcJBB auch a tremenduim awell 
that they saw there was not a motiieut to be lotit, and every 
one flew OS oniekly aa he could to get on board the boat. 
They were all iruceeaHriil but one man, who bad impi-udeully 
k>it«red behind. Ilia coiiipauiona were very unwilling to 

^amt him on the skoiriea, perhaps to pomh, but the aur^ 

' * Dr. Htbbtn mj% he »u1d ircl bat Utile ■atlifktrtnn fhno ihc Sbrtlmkn 
t jJMob or iktrritt a* huv ntlu out in Ita Ma, 


non-ncKX iiuyos. 

inereiuied so liuit, that aAi-r mimy unBucccsaful Atti'mpti to 
bring tho bout in cliise tu tlie Btm'ks, tlit'j' were obliged to 
depnrt, and l««ve the unfortunnto maa to his fate. 

A d&rk stormv night oinic on, t}i(? sea daahcd most fiiri* 
oualy ogaiuat the rocks, and the poor deserted Siietliuidiv 
eair no prospoct before liini but tliat of djios uf the cold and 
hanger, or <if bi-ing wwbud into the sea oy the brcuknn, 
wliicli now threatened e^eir moment to run over the stack. 

At leoi^h he perccircd srveral of the seals, who had 
owcnprd from the nuatmcn, appronching thu aken^. VThm 
tb«y landed tb«^ stripiied off their aeal-dcin dresses aud 
appeared in thetr proper forms of Sra-Trovs- Their firat 
oii)(vt tnu to rndcnvour U> tvcovct thl^ir frtcndu, who l*j 
•tunneil and HhiiiWii. When thev hud Biicct-eded iu bring* 
ing them to themselves, thcv also resumed their proper 
Ibrm, and npp<'ared iu the shnpr of the ntih-Tiiariiic people. 
Bill iu rooumful tones, vrildly tu'comjuuiied by the regutg 
storm, thej Lamented the Iom of their sea-vestures, the want 
of which would for ever prevent them from n>tumiDg to 
their native abodes bcnenth the dwp wntt^rs of the Atlantic. 
Muat uf all did they lament fur Otlaiitiiiux. the son of 
Giogo, who. stripped of his seal-skiu, must abide for erer in 
the upMT world. 

Their aong waa at length broken off hy their perceiring 
the unfortiiualc boatman, who, with shiveriiif; liiobs ana 
despairing looks, was gating OD the fiirioiiv wnves that now 
daslied over tbo ntack. Giogs, when she xaw hiiii, inntanttj 
couceivod the design of rendering th« perilous siluation of 
the man of iidrDiitoge to her eon. She went up to bim, and 
mildly sddrcBBiid him. proponing to carry biiu <m hec bock 
through the Bca to Pupa Stour, on condition of hia getlinx 
ner the aenl-skin of her son. 

The hnr^u was soon made, and Gic^ cquippc^d hmclf 
in her phociue garb ; but when the Shethinder gazed on the 
ttonuy sea he was to rido through, his coiunge nearly failed 
him, and ho begged of the ol<l lady to biive the kindncMi to 
allow liitti to cut a few hok-x iu her Bhuuldvn and fliuiko, 
that he might obtain a better fastenlug fur his hands betwe«n 
the skin and the lh<9ih. 

This, too, her maternal tendernciis induced Gioga to 
consent to. Tb« man, having prepared vvurytliin^ uon 



mounted, iind she plunged into tlie waves with Uiiu, guUiintly 

EiIoukIu'iI tli« (Imip, oaA Inndcd him safe and souod at Acrca 
lio. in i'apii Stour. He thiTDCi- wa out Tor Skeo, at Hamnji 
^^K^ H-h»;r<' thn fikin wan. and hoiioiirabtv fulfilled \m a^ree- 
ai(.-nt by ri-i>Uiriiij|; to Oioen tho ttcAns of bringiag back bet 
■Dn to his dear native laud. 


Ctit iHrrmBili VJBitt. 

T II line Bummer'e n^mng;, nn inhabitant of Un«t hnpppD^d 

be walkiug; along the sandy margin of a too.* The moou 

M risen, and bj hvr h' lie diecenied at some distance 

tH'foiv him a number of the sen-peoplp, who were dancing 

with Rrent vii^ur <iu the smooth xand. Near them he raw 

Uiuft on the ground sett'ral seul-sliine. 

As the irtiin approju^h.'d the daucera, all gave over their 
tni-triincnt, and flnw like hghtning to neruro their garments; 
then c-lutlivuK themBelvcH, ptunp'd in the fonn of oealH into the 
tea. But the Shetlnndcr. on coming up to the apot where 
they had been, and canting his eyes down on the ground, 
wiw that thiTv bnd led otic skin behind thnm, which waa 
tjiug just at his feet, lie auatehed it up, carried it awitU^ 
awBT, and placed it in security. 

On returninc; to the sihonr, he met the fairert maiden that 
tj« evn- gaxej U|)tia: e>he wui walking faiu'kwarda and fai^ 
wards, lamenting in moat piteous tones tlie loss of her wal> 
akin robe, without which Hhe never could hope to rejoin bor 
lainilv and friends below the walem, but must rtruiain an 
unwilling inhabitant of the region euligbt«Ded by the aun. 

The man approached and endeavoured to console her, but 
ibe would not Im (n>mf<irt«d. She implorctd bim in the moat 
moving aeeeut« to realore her dress ; but tho view of her 
lovely face, more beautiful in tears, had ateeled his heart. 
He rvpreientcd to her tlie impossibility of htr return, taJi 



tiuA Ikit friends would soon girn her up; and (injJIr, made 
ftB oBet to her of bin lieart, hand, and f»rtuiie. 

The BB»-mud«n, finding she lisd no Kllfnuitire, at length 
«ODaent«d to booome hia wife. Th^v icnv mnrrird, luid lircd 
tefflAtt {at tiiau}- ^ear«, during wbicb tJmt; thvy had Mvernl 
dmdnn, who KUmcd no vestiges of their marine ongin, 
nving n thin w(>b between their fingers, and n bend of tbeir 
haudii, rv3*Mubling that of the (oiv paws of a ueaJ ; dl«tiu» 
ttona which cbaract^so the descendants of th« familjr to ths 
present d:iy. 

The SheVbuidLT'slovis for his beautiful wife waa unbounded, 
but she niade but a cold return to hia aSection. (>i\«D would 
the steal out ftlnne and hasten down to the loneljr strand, 
and there at a given itigual, a neal of large alee would make 
his appearand, aud they would convene for hours together 
til an unknown Inngunge ; and she would return hontc trota 
this meeting pcnnivu and nieiiuichulj'. 

Thus glided away yeare, and her hopes of leaving the 
tipper world had nearly vanished, when it chanced one day, 
that one of the children, plnving behind a stack of Ci>m, 
found a Bcnl-skin. Selightl:^d wilh his pnxe, be ran witb 
braathlees eagerness to display it before his mother, llvr 
cyei glistened witb delight at the view ot it; for in it sdie 
saw ber own dreaa, the loss of which had cost herau muuy 
tears. She now regarded herself as completely emancipated 
from thraldom ; and in idea she was Already with her fn«nds 
beneath the waves. One thing alone was a drawback ou her 
raptures. She loved her chiliireu. and she was now about to 
leave them for over. Tet thoy weighed not against the 
pleasures she had in prospect : so after kissing and embracing 
tlieui aerentl times, she took Up the skiu, went out, and 
proceeded down to the beach. 

In B few minutes alVr thr husband mme in, and the 
children told him what had occurred. The truth instantly 
fiaabed across His mind, aud he hurried down to the ftbore 
«-ith all the speed that love and anxiety could givm. But he 
only arrived m time to see his wife tjike the (orm of a seal, 
ana from the ledge of a roct pliuige into the sea. 

The large seal, with whom she used to hold her convene 
tionii, tmmirdintcly joined her, and congmtutati-d her on her 
•scape, and they quitted the tihoru together. But ero eh« 



went t\>o turned round to her husband, irbo stood iu mute 
doapttir on tho rock, ftiid whoM> tniwiy eicitcd filings of 
compWBiou IU lu^r brvuiit. " Fitrwcl!," xtiid she to him, 
" and mar all good fortune attend you. I loved vou wull 
while- I wns nith jou, but I oiwaTa lofod my first iiusbuul 

Tli« wnt«Y-Bpirit i» in Shetland call«d 8hoopnt«e ; h» 
appt^ani tu the Ibrm of n iiretly little borse, and cndeaTours 
to entice persons to ride on bjni, and tbeu g&Uops with them 
into the wo. 


fIuT»ld vu iniTTt whim nutlofla wtm» 


Op tbe On:adian Fiurica we hnve rerj Uttle inform&tioa 
Brandt mc-n-ly ti^Un ua, ther w«r«, in his time, Ircqucntlj 
•MM) in (wreral of the isli-s <Isnciug and making inerrj- ; so 
Uiat wo may fiLirly conclude they differed bttlo from their 
Scottish and fihittlnnd neighbnurs. One thing ho adds, 
which is of Bonit bujiortance, that they wore frequently scpn 
in armour. 

Brownie nccm* to have boon tho pHiicipal Orkney Fairy, 
wliere hu iiussi-aHeil a degree of initmrtaiii-'e nilhi-T bt-youil 
what was allottod to him in the neighbouring rvalni of tieuU 

" Not ahote forty or lifVj- years ago," says Brand, " olniort 
orery family bud a lirowni<', or ovil spirit, so called, whidi 
wrrrd them, to whom they gnvu a sncrilifo for ita Mrvice ; 
■a, wbi-ti they L-bunied llicir milk, tlicy look a part thereof 
uul Bpriuklud every corner of tbe house with it forBruKme'i 

■ 8» Mow, Qfraanf. 

Ea.D. noS. 

173 ROBTUCRII l«l.kXDS. 

tue ; likeii-iiA, wlien tliey breneil, they hftd a stone wliicA 
tliey calleii Hrowuip'e stone, wherein tmrv wm « litlle hol«, 
into which tUvy poured eonie wort far a sru^rifioe t<i Browniv. 
My ioformer. a miniBter of th« coimtir, told ue that he had 
eonTcracd with «n old niiin, who, when yoiuig, used to brew 
mid somrtimc^ read upon bis bible; to whoni an old woniBn 
iu the house said that Brownie woo displeased with that book 
he read upon, which, if he wntiniii-d to do, they would get 
no more aervico of Brownie. But ho being better instructed 
from that book which was Brownie's eyesore, a»d the object 
of hia WTftlh, when he brrwed, be would not mffer any sacri- 
fice to be given lo Brownie ; whereuixiti. the first and sewind 
brewings were spilt and for no uso. thoucb the wort wrought 
well, yet in a litth^ time it IHV off working and grew pold j 
but of tlie third browst or brewing, he bad ale very good, 
though he would not giro any sacritJce to Brownie, with 
whom aftrrwanld they were no more troubled. I bad also 
from ihe same iufomier, that a lady in ITuet, now deceased, 
told him that when e!ie first took up bouse, she refuned to 
eivp a sacrilicc to Brownie, upon which, tho first and second 
brewings tuiegave, but the tliird was good ; and Brownie, 
not being regarded and rewarded as furnierly he had be«u, 
abandoned hia wonted service : which cleareth the Scriptuiw, 
■ Resist the devil and he will flee from you.' Thev idao had 
stacks of com which they called Brownie's atiLcka, which, 
though they were not bound with straw ropes, or any way 
fenced as other Blacka uau to he, yet the greatest atonn M 
wind was not able to blow anything off them." 

A very important personage oneci we are told, inhabited 
the Orkueyn iii the duiracter of Brownie. 

" Luridan,*' says Bc(riiiftld .Scot. " a faniiliar of thia kind,, 
did for many years inhnbit tho island of I'omonia, the largest 
of the OrkuifeH in SculUind, supplvitig the pln^'O of man- 
servant and niaid-servaut with wouJermI dillgeuee to tliotM 
families whom he did haunt, sweeping their rooms and 
waahiiiff their diahea, and making their fires before any WCTD 
np in the uioming. This Lurtdan affirmed, that he waa the 
gitniwi Ailrtil of that island ; that his place or residence in 
tho days of Solomon and Dnvid waa at JeruEalcm ; that thcD 
ho va* called by the Jews Bclelah ; after thai, be remained 
ODg m tho dominion of Wales, inatructinK their bard 


01&KET8. 178 

Brititili piM'Kj and prophccicn, bring culled Wrtliin, Wiulil, 
Blftiu; 'auduiiw,' said lie, 'I liave remored lutlier, aud. alits! 
mj" conticunnco is but short, for in Bevcntr yeare I must resign 
m^ plnci? ti> Bidkin, lord of the Ngrthem Mouutnias.' 

" Jiaiiy wouderful and incri'dihlf lliiugs did he also rekto 
of thi» Uftlkin, nttinning tlmt he was shaped like a satyr, kod 
f*^ upon thi- air, having wife and children to the numbur of 
twelve thouHand. which were the bruod of the Nortliem 
Fairies, inhabiting Southerland and Catenes. with the ndja- 
Mnt inlands. And thnt these were the conipanica of spint« 
tluit hold continual ware with the fierr epirits iu the moun- 
tain Ilri-kln, thnt vomits fire in I»lnndi». Thnt their aponch 
wn» anciiMit Irinh, and tlieir dwelling the oavems of th« 
rocks and mouuiains. which rebtiua ia recorded in th» 
nntiquitic« of i'omonia."* 

Coneeniing Luridiui, we are farther inforrncd from the 
Book of Vanagastus. the Norwegian, that it i» his nature to 
be alwDVs nt cnmitv with fire ; that he wiigcs wnr with the 
fieiT spirits of Hecltt ; anil thnt in Uiih ccmU-at they do often 
anticipate and deatruy one ouolhcr, killiiJ!^ and cruahiii^ 
vImd they meet in mighty and riolent troops in the nir 
upon the Mm. And at isuch times, many of the Gery spirit! 
are destroyed when the enemy hath brought them on the 
nountnins to fight upon tho water. On the contrary-, when 
the battle u upim thl^ moiintuiu itself, the spirits of the ^r 
we often worsted, and theu great moaiiinga and doleful 
noifC-x arp heard in Iceland, and Hussia, and Norway, for 
many days aftcr.t 

The Water-spirit called Tangie, from Tang, the sea-weeii 
with which he is covered, appears Bometimea na a Utttt 
borw, other times aa a man. 

* ittf. Scot. DiHOTTia of Wi'rhmft, b. 3. c 4. Last. ItS6i 
t QoiuUtljr Retitiw, voL Klil. [. M7 


Vr» TigKliEliii Blcafuug drfieU 
TUf In Om tutlulli Kini. 

W« thervfort Ioto to dwell 
l>«t|t uniloni<4th wlh't •tfll. 

Wk uow r«tiini U) the Baltic, In the Ie!c of Bilg«D, ouMi • 
diief aoat of the Veudtsli religion ; but its priests were 
massacred by the Scnii<liiinviiiiiH, nnd nil traces of tbetr 
system efliiced. Its fairy mylliologv now agrees with that 
oV its Gutliic neighbours, and Mr. Amdt,* a native of Uw 
iHlnnd, lina enabled us to give the following to)enU)r full 
account of it ; — ■ 

The inhabitants of Rligen believe in threo liinda of I 
Dwarfs, or underground people, the White, the Brown, and 
the Black ; so named &om the colour of their nevenl liabi- 
liuicnts.t ■ 

The White are the most dehcnte uid bcnutifiil of nil, Uid I 
are of an innocent and gentle dinposition. During the 
winter, when the face of nature is cold, raw, and cheerlees. 
they remain still uid ijuiH in their hills, Kolely engnged in ■ 
the faiihiouiiig of the fineiit wurka in siirer and gold, of too I 
delicntc a toiturc for mortal eyes to discern. Thus they 
pass the wmtin' ; but no nooiier does the spring return than 
they abandon their reoesaee, and live through oU the 

* Ami!, UkrcheD und Jii[cndfrinnening«i. B«Hin, ISIC 



•umiTWr nboTC f^und, in vuiialiine and starlight, in unintor- 
rupt«'<l roveby aiid cDJovment. The moment the tret-a wid 
fiownm hcgiii to iiproiit iind bud in the early days of eprinj*, 
tboy cmiTifi- fruiu their hill?, ana grt aiuons the titnlks and 
branrhos. and thcnco to the bloiaoma aiiJ flowers, where 
thry Bit iind eju.i- nmunil them. In the nisht, when mortola 
Nl«ep, the While Dwartii come forth, and uani-p their joyoui 
rauodalB in the groon graee, about the hillK. and bnxiks, oiid 
•nrii)^ making the sweetcnt and montdclicntc rauflic, bowil< 
deffioK tnrdlerv, who hear and wonder at the vtrmua of tha 
iDTuiDle mumcian*. They may, if they will, go out by day, 
but Derer in <-oni|iany ; thcgie (hiylit;ht rnniblcs being allowod 
them only when alone and under nume aiwunicd form. 
'Buy thenforo frequeatly fly about in the shape of party- 
Dolonred little birds, or butterflies, or BDOw-whitv doves, 
shoning kindneaa and beueroleDce to the good who merit 
tlwir favour. 

I'be Brotm Dwarfn, the ncit in order, are lens than 
Mght«en indiew faigii. They wear little brown eonts and 
iackctti, and a brown cap on their head, with a little nilrer 
Dcll in it- Some of tliora wear black shoea with red strings 
ia Ibeiii ; in general, however, they near fine gluns oncH ; 
at thfiir dance<B none of them w<iar any other. They are 
Ttry handsome in their persons, with clear liglit- coloured 
ej^ and oiuall and must beautiful lumda aud feet. Tlnty 
are on the whole of a cheert'ul. good-natured disposition, 
mingled with none roguish traits. Like the \V'hite Dwarfs^ 
tbev are great artiata in Kuld and silver, working so curi- 
oiuly OS to astonish those who happen to see their perform* 
ann-a. At night tbey come out ot their hills an<l ttnnec by 
tb« light of the moon and titars. Tbey alnu glide inviiiibly 
into people's houses, their ca[>s renderiDSthcm imporcep- 
tiblo Dr all who have not similar cu|i«- Tliey arc said to 
play all kinds of tricks, to chance the children in the cradles, 
and take them awny. This charge is perhnm unfounded, 
but ceriaiidy. children who fall into tbeir luutos must aerve 
th«m for lifty year*. Tbey poMeas an unlimited power of 
truuformation, and con poM through the xmallest Keyholes. 
IVeqoently they bring with them preaouta for children, or 
lar gold rings and ducats, and the like, in their way, and 
onen are invisibly present, and save them &oin tbo porila of 


IBLB or XflORV. 

lie- ■ 

nut I 


Rrv and nntcr. Thrjr pb^ic nnH nanoy liu)' mm-aorrautl 
And unltiJy ni^da witn frighlful drvainii ; Dppnn tlieni h 
tbp nichtmar« ; bil« tlietn as flisu; and scratch tai tMV 
thpni like rjit» And dogi" ; nnd olli-n in the night frighten, 
ill the sliaue ofowla, ihievea buJ lorew. or, like "WIU. o-the- 
viflps. I«nti llicm astray tuto boj;^ nnd maniiee, and i>erha[>a i 
up to thosu wlionn< in piimiit of tli4-ni. ' 

The BIfttk Uwarfe wtar black jaokoU aiid cajw, arv nut] 
bAndeomi? like the others, but on the eontraiy are horridly/ 
"g'?) '"th wDtrping fiyflu, liku blnckumith* nnd ooUicn. Tbm 
we most eipert Korkmen, (^odally iii atwl, to vrliicb thejr 
caa give a dcerco at once oi h&rdnesB and fleiibilitjr wtuca 
DO humnn tiniilh am iniitatu ; for the HWonla Ihi^ mnko will 
bciid like rushes, and are as hard a» dittuiouds. lu uU tiniVH 
orrnn lind nmioiir nitulc l)_v thom werp in great request : shirta 
of "mil nlalluljlc^^^^?d by ihom wi-r« aa litu- b» cobvtcdM, and 
yet no bullet would penetrate them, and no liebu or conJet 
could msiiit thp swordu tlicy fiuihioncd j but ail these tliinga 
arn now goiii' out of U«f. 

Tli(>nu DwurTs uru of a tiiB]ic:iotis, ill dinponitiuu, tai 
delight in doing mii^chief to mankind ; they are unsoeial, and 
there are seldom more thnn two or thrro of thwu wen togo- 
tUer; tlwy kei-p mortly in thtir hiiU, aud seldoiii c(iiii« out 
in the chkylime. nor do th<<y aver eo far from home. 
People sny thnt in the summer they nrft lond of fitting undur 
Ihe elder trets. the mnell of wluch is verv grateful to Cl>Mli, 
and any one that wants anything of them mu»tgo tlwro 
and call them, ^ome any they havi> no muaic luid danciu^ 
only howling and wliiuiperiiig: and that when a nereamitw 
is lieard in the woods and marwlies, like that of crjinz chif 
drcti, and n moHdng and serecehing like that of a multitude 
of eat« or owlit, the souuda proceed from their midnight 
ft8flemhli<-8, nnd are made by the vociferous Dwarfu. M 

Tlio prineipat pesideiM-e of the two ftrst classes of thsf 
underground-people in Ktigen is whnt are enlled the Nini> 
hills, near Itambm. These hills lie on the wshI point of lfa« 
island, about a qimrter of a luilo fVoin the village of Itambia 
in the open eoiuitry. They nre small moundii, or Oiaula* 
graves (Jliimnyrah'er), as sueh are tailed, and are the 8ut>> 
ject of many a tale and lc|^>nd among the people. Tbt 
account of tncir origin is as ibllowa : — 

nu or kSosk. 


" A long, long timu ngc there lived in Uu^n a migkt; 
OiBDt iiaiiiej Baldi'ricli. llv wiu vpxwl tbut th(? (•(Hiiitrr 
vns 311 ii^lami, tiiid tbnt lie liiid ttlnaya tu uoilo tlin>U){li the 
wa when 111- nniilrd to go to I'omerauia wid the mftiii land. 
He iiooordiriijlv got Mti iiiimciiitn npron mndo, nnd he tii'd it 
round his wixlat and filled it witli imrth, Tor lio wanted to 
make* dnniof farth for himM.-lf fmrnthe iaUiid to the nmia* 
Und. A» hcwnn going with his load over Rwlcnkirehen. a 
hole tore iu llie aproii, and the clay that fell ont fonncd the 
Ninobills. lie etopped the hole and went oa ; but when lie 
he hod gotten to dnxtau, another hole tore iu the nproo, 
aud thirtffcn little hills fell ont. He proceeded to the ten with 
what be had now reiuaiiiing. and jHiuring tlie earth tuto tlie 
wat^TH, formed the hook of Prosiiiti. aiid the prettv little 
penintiultt of Drigge. Hut there Btiil rcmnint-fl n fimail Rpaee 
Detneeu Kijgea aiid Pcmu'rnnia, which (O inei-nned the Oiant 
that he fell dowu in a Kt aud died, frcmi whioli unl'urtuuale 
accident hix dnm wax never flnished." • 

A Giatit-niiudcii conimenced a siudlor operation on the 
Punieraniaii x'ulc " in »rd<T," luid she, " that I niav be able 
to go over the bit of water witliout wutliug niy liille slip- 
pen." So slio filled her apron with sand and hurried do«n 
to the iKU-nide. But there waa a hole in the aitron nnd just 
behind Sa^ard a iiart of the sand ran out and ti>mit-il a little 
hni nainod Dubolewoith, " All I " Raid ohc. " now tny 
mothrr will scold me." She stopped the hole with her 
hand aud ran on u» faHt oa she eonld. Rut her mother 
looked over the wood and cried, " Tuu nasty child, what arc 
yon about ? Onmc here and vou ahaU get a good whip* 
ping." The daught<T in n fright let go the npron, and nil 
the sand rau out aud funned the burreu hilla urar I.itzuw.t 

The l>waH() took up their abode iu the Nine-hills. The 

• A Duilili lefxtd {Thitir, I. 79) u11« iIm Hmo of tht wnd-lillt al 
KrVv^ JQ Zealand* A TroU vhu dwelt bcat U wiabr-l 1o drtlroy It. fcnd for 
HAt parpoh: 111? ^vcnt ttuAn lo iJic arA^hun and TAltd hti haIIcl vltb dnd an4 
■bl«a It on hit back, l''ciTtiiniWli llirre wh > hole In ihe nllit. ind M 
BMOj ■od'hllli fell out nf iv (bat when h* «nic lo Nciivtd Ihrn ontf 
IWkllbaJ enouth tr> fnrm nrif hill morr. Annlhcr TrotI, Ln [iimiib n ^rmrr 
lll«! on» of hi> (Inv't Kilh Bind, nhifh nifflred lo to"ri hi< »ictim"i boiiM 
cnnjilctrlj. Willi thai mtiniiird in ihn finfrri hn fnntif d a tat of hillvkt 
scui it. t tirimm, Dcul, )l}lh., p. t03. 


nu or bSoer 

White onea own two of tlicoi, nnd th« Brown odm 
for there nrc uo liluck nncs tlwmi. Thexi dwell rhi*fly 
the conBt-liiUB, uiuiig the ahiiru betweeu tbe Ahllicck and 
Udnehgut, when? they hold their awcmblieB, aiul pltuutof 
the ebips that arc wrecked ou the cout. 



Tho Keck is culled in Kug<>a Nidel. Bomo ftdiera 
Innnchcil their bout on n lonelv InVc Next day when they 
nune they Hiiw it lu B high btecb-trec. " WIhi iho dovil hu 
put the bout in the trcv f" tried one. A Toite TwpUed, but 
ihey Haw no one, " "lyni* no duril at kU, but I and my 
brothiw Nii-kel." • 

Tho following Btortes Mr. Amdt, who, 09 we bava 
obaerved. in a native of Hii^n. s!iy« bo hwrt! in hi» boyhood! 
from Hinrich Vicick. the •'i^tnlth^t^r or BuilifT uf Grabitx, 
who Abounded in these k-gcmU ; '• »o thnt it is, prop«1» 
Biieakiiig," wiys he, " lliiiridi Virek, undnot I, tbatrelates. 
We therefore see do reaiion to doubt of thoir gcniUDeoeea, 
though they may be a little embellished.t 


flMrnlurttf of Jlatiii Oicliitt. 

Tnssi! once lived in Ranibin an honcat, industrious : 
named James Dietrich. Ilo had Bt'veml I'hit.ljiMi, all of m 
good dispowtiiin, espeirially the youngest, wliuso tuunc wm 
John. John Dietrich was a handsoinc, smart t>oy. dilijcent 
at »i'h<xi]. and ohcdieut at hotnc. His gri-iit jinwion waa for 
hearing Btoric*, nnd wheni-vix lie iiit-t auy one who wns weUd 
•tored, he ticvi'r let tliem go till he bad lieard lUeui all. 

Wlieii Jubii was about eight yrars old Iki was Neut 
■pend a summer with hi« unok, a larmer in ItadenkiKJMK 

* Crlram, DcuIhIic St|[«i, I. p. 70. 
f OrLmm «lfto bppAn to rfyurd tbem bi yrnuliXb 

ULB or iiiloiir. 


H«r« Joliu nao to Keep cows with otUer boys, ami they unwl 
to drivp thprn to pniKc about the Ninivhills. Tliero vas an 
old cnwlicnl, onu KIm (i. e. Nick) Stnrkwolt, who need fre- 
qUiMilly Ui join tlie boys, unci then Ihcv wwiilil sit down 
Eogpthrr and tiiU stories, Klnti abounded iu thest*. aiul li« 
hwiinic .Inliii Diol.riob'ii dcnrrst rrieud. In particular, he 
knew n iiumbi-r of atdrii-s of thr Nini-hilli! iind tliP unilor- 
Kniuadpeople in the old tinies, wheu tti« Hiauta diciippi-iirwl 
from the couutry, and tbc little oiieit came into the hilU. 
ThvM talea John KWiitlowcd ko i<ngcrly that h<! thought of 
nothmg eUc, aiid waa tbr ei'i^r talking of j{"ldi-ii cujis, and 
CTOWTia, and clnsa flhoes. and pockets fiill of ducats, anil gold 
ringn, and ilinniond coronet*, snd siiow-wljitc brides, aud 
sum likiv Old Khiei lUL-d ot\fn to nlmkc his head nt him aod 
say. "Jolui! John! wliul are you about? The spade imd 
»ithp will be your wcptre and crown, and jour bride will 
wear a garland of rosrmnry and n gown of striped drill," 
Still John almost IodkimI Iu ^et into the Nine-hillH ; for KIm 
IumI told him that any one who by luck or conning shoidd 
got the CHI) of one ol the little ones might go down with 
»af(-ty, and, instond of their making n scnanl of him, he 
would b«^ thi'ir moat^rr. The pcmon whom' eap ht* got would 
be his servant, and obey all Ins cominandH." 

St. John's day. when tbe days are loudest and the nights 
3ih<irtMt, wn» now cnnie. Old and -oiing kept the holiday, 
had oil sortH of piays, ind told all kinilx of Hloricr*. John 
could now no Ioniser contain hiuiself. but the day afti-r the 
fcstital he i-lipt nwny to the Niiw-liills, and when it grew 
dark laid hirriM-lf down on the toj> nf the highest of tnent, 
where Klaa hod told hini the uuileri;riiiindtieop!tt hod tliHr 
principal dnnce-place, John lay miiCo still Iroin ten till 
iwclTo at night- \t Inot it dtniek twelve. (inmeHi;itoIy 
there was a rtii^'iiii; and a ringing in Iho hills, luid tbirn a 
whispering and a lispint,' and a whir, and a biu/ all about 
him ; for the little people were now «ome whirling round and 
roiuid iu thu dani?R, luid other* iporting uud tumbling about 

* Tbc popnUilon of LiiHili (lauma) la like Ibtt of Pommnit ud 
BBhb, Tcuiliih. lifiiir, prT)i>p>, II )• ihm in lh« LniktiHi ule of ihr K«irj- 
MbbUb. w« mmi o^ih I'-ipt Wiih hrlli. nnil n dnccBi tuio ili« Inicilur of'i 
BwunlBs in ■ kiiirl e( tii*i h >n thi> ul« : Wilcaoim, Sigru unit M ir>-bia 
UI dcf OlttUuilu. Itansr. \IH3. DIvkowKl't Mnjuiac far Jlii>-, tUii. 



VL* aw bAokst. 

ID the moonshiiMi, ftnd pUring % thouaand menj prsnlit xnd 
trittkM. Up felt u ai:nret otcmI rnme over him M tbm nhi*> 
I>vTinK auil buzEtiiK, for tie oould •ee iiutliiiiK of tliein. an Xba 
c^s tLey n-orr ii>sde them inviaiblv; but he lay quit« sttU, 
with hin tMcn in thi; gnum wid his oycs fust »hut, (noring • 
Uttlf, juHt Ks if hi- wiia iuili<(Tp. Trt now nnd thvn lut run* 
tured to open hia eyea a little uiiJ ptxp out, but not Ihn 
slightest trac« of them could he see, though it naa bright 

It wita not loiiK before three of the unilcr^^uud- profile 
cauie jumping up to where he was lyiuff: hut they took do 
heed of him, nnd flung their browii cape wp ijito the nir, mkI 
caught them fmm our tiuothcr. At length oni- Miktclied tha 
c^ out of the baud of another and I]ui»k it a*ay. U flew 
direct, and fell upon Joliu'a head. The mouient he folt it 
be cnught hi>ld ot it, nnd, standing \ii), bid fnrvwrll to shfi^. 
Ue iiwuiiK his cup ivUmt fur joy, una inodu the little silver 
bcll of it liufile, and then set it upon hiti bead, and — O won- 
derful !— that instant he mw tlie countlesa aiwl mwiy awann 
of the little people. 

Tho thni? little men i-nme ulily up tii him, sod thought by 
their uitiibleueHit to i^et baek the cnp : but he held bia ftixie 
fnst, and th<'v saw clearly that nothing w&s to be done in 
thia way with hinii for in ni/e nnd strength John waa a 
giant in couiparinon of tht-ae little fellown. who hardly cams 
up to hie knve. Tho owner of the cap now caT>« up Tory 
humbly to the finder, nnd begged, in rs supnlieAting a ton* 
as if his life depeuded uiioii it, thnt hu wnuld i:iv« bim bade 
his i^np. But '■ No," sail! John, ■■ you sly little I'dgiie, you 'II 
get the cnp no more. Thnt 's not the sort of thing that oti« 
gives away for buttered enke : I should br. in n nicv way with 
you if I had not something of yours ; but tion you have no 
power over me, but must do what I pUuMc. And 1 will go 
down with you, nud see how von lire below, and yiw shaQj 
be my tervant. — Niiy. no grmnbling. you know you Ditist. 
know that just ns well a» you do, lor Klait iit^rkw^olt told 
•o mo oft*-n nnd oftim." 

The little tnnn looked an if he hiid not lieurd or undei 
one word of nil this ; he began all bis crying and whioini 
"»*T again, and wept, and srri'nmeil, nnd howled mont pito^ 
uoniy for bin little cap. liut John cut the' umttcr abort hj 


IRLK OF Rfanr. 


•■vine to him, " Harp ilonn ; you are niT (emnt. and 1 
intttnd U) take u trip with yuti." So be gaxe up, rapt'cinllf 
iw thi» others lold buu that ih^re waa no remedy. 

John itow flung aurny hi* old hst, and put on the cnp, nnd 
»ct it firin tin hU hcud, lest it Khoulil ultp olt'or fly nwuy. fur 
oil liiB pimiT lay in tho ch]). He loal ao tiulL« in trying its 
Tirtii<>«>. knd comnunilod hi« new servant to fetch him food 
and driiiii. And the aerviuit ran ntmy likr Ihr wind, nnd in 
a Mw^nd vsH there a«[wn irith bottlea of wine, tuid bread, 
and hell fruit«, 80 John nto nnd dr&uk, ajid lookt^ on at 
tbo sports and thu dnnring of tho little one*, and it plrauird 
him right «'i>ll, and he behaved biintielf iitoutly anil wi»elr, 
oa if he waa a born iniuiter. 

When tlir cni-k had now rrowpd for the third timp, and 
tho liUlc larki hud niiute tiwrir limt twiri in tlK- wky, and llie 
infant linht appeared ill soUtary whito streaks in the east, 
then it went l>ii»h. tniiih. hnsh. through the biishe«, and 
flow«ra,and •talki ; and the hilln mug ngain, nnd opened np, 
inid the little men went down. John gave uloni' attention to 
ercfythin^, and fnund ihat it waa exactly tui he hud been 
bdd. And behold ! ou tlie l^p of the kill, where they had 
JUM boon dancing, nnd whcrv aflwaafnll of graj<« and dnwcni, 
M people M'C it by day, there roue of a sudden, vlu-n tin' 
retreat vaa sounded, & bright Klaaa point. Whiiever wanted 
t4 f^ in stepped upon this; it opened, nnd bu ^iid(sl gcntiv 
in, the glaas clonine agnin &ft«r nim ; nnd when they hud nil 
cntoMd it vontshea. and tliere v/n» m> furthl^^ trw'e u{ it lu 
be seen. Those uho descended thruui^h the ffoM puinl Aank 
quite ([ently into a wide silver tun, which held them all, and 
could hnvi' eniily harboured 11 thousnnd nnch littlv pciipln. 
John and lux man went down into BUeh a one aJouK with 
•OTeral others, all of whom sereaiiicd out aui prayed him not 
to tread on them, for if his weight cjime on them they weru 
dead men. He wan. luiwcver, eareful, and B£t«d in a ver^ 
friendly way toward tliem. Several tuns of this kind went 
Up and down alter each otli<^r. untU all were in. They hung 
by long silver ehaiiu, whiidi wero dmwn nnil lield hehiw. 

In his di-Hcent Julin waa ainaxeil at the wcimlerful hril* 
liancy of liie walls between which the tun glided dowik. 
They wore all, n« it were, l»«ift with petirU nnd dininondi, 
jittering and apurkling brightly, and below him he heard 


iBU or RCam. 

tke most bcniitifiil niti»in tinkling nt n ^istanct^, so that tu 
did not knuw wliitt nSA bi^coiiK- m{ liim, »ail frum iMCcw 
jilriuuiv lio fell litst aaleep. 

lie slept a long timo, <uid whon hoawoko he foundhimwlf 
ill t!i<! moot bnniilirul b<'d thnt ooiild bu. mich ili he hiul iirviYJ 
iH«ii tile like of ill hifl dtlier's housa. aiid it wuh in lliu prvt 
lidnt little clianibor in t'ici world, ami his ecirnnt vm hi'-^de 
him with a tnn tn krcp nwiiy tlic Hie* and giiatf. He hai 
hnrdly (i|ii<nrd hin ryfs wlic-ii Uis little servniit brought himi 
hd«ii\ ami lo«i-l. aiidlifldliiiTilheiiiceatnewoloChesof broM-i 
■ilk to i>ut on, most beautiful] v inado i with tliMe wa]HUr' 
of ncic l>!.it'k iiiiiiri with rod ri^ihnnii, mu'li iw Joho had Iiflvvr 
hchrld in Riimltiii or m R^jdi-nViruheu wtbw. TheM wcra 
sIho there si-ieral pairij of beautiful aliining glasB shoes, such 
M ni'e ouJt used on gi-cat occmIoiu. John vim, wc ma}' veil 
mippDiic, ai^liG[htLMl to have ntch clothe* to wnir. and li<; put 
llirm upon him juyfullv. Hia servant tben flew tike ligbu 
niuu and retunn-d with a tine breakfast gf nrine and milk, 
and bi-autiful wliil'ir bread and fruits, and such oth^r thinss 
«» little liovB lire fond of. II <? ntiw pt-rceived, i-very monw'iit, 
more nnd more, thai Kins Stiirkwolt. tlie oM (.MnhirrJ, ktitWH 
what he wa» talking,' about, for tlio splendour aud ni^nifi<1 
eonte he saw hero «iir[iassed iinvtliiiig he had ever drontnt of 
liis nervniit, too, wiu t)ie nio;<t obrdii-iil onu pnwiblo : a nod 
or a sign waa e«ou|rii fur him. fur he xvos aa vrise as a bee, 
all thette little people are by nature. 

.lohii> bi^-cliatnber was all corerrd with cmnrald* aa< 
olher prei'ioun stones, and in the ceiling was a uiamund 
hitt aa a uiiie-piu bowl, tliat gave hght tu the whole chamber. 
In this jdaee they have ueither suu, nor moon, nor stars to 
give them light ; neither do they use lanips or candle* of ajr 
kind ; but thl^y live in thir midst of precious iitonea, and hara 
the purest of gold and silver in abundaiiee. and the skill to 
make it li»ht both by day and by night, though, indeed, dkk 
perly i^ejiking, iu> thertt is no sun here, thiru ik n» di»ttD^ 
tioii'of dav aini ni«ht, aiid tliey reekoii only by weeks. The 
set the brightest and clearest preciouH stones in their dwell 
mgs, and in t)ie ways and passages leading under the graUR' 
and in the placi's where they hnvi: their large hidiii, ani 
tli«ir daneos and feasts, where they sparkle so as lo ouike 
Vtonial dav. 



iSLi ov hOqkk. 


"WliPi. Joiin >iii4 fininlicd hi» brcakfjist, Iiie wrvn.nt opened 
a littk ilonr ui ihr uull, uherL> wiu a do»i-t uilli tint niuMt 
beuulUul Bilvtr aiid gold cu[)b &tid dislies aiid otiit-r retweLi, 
and biiski'c« lillr~:l with ducttts, R.nd boics o( jt^weU oud pr^ 
rioim ■t(!Tii-9i. 'I'hi'ru won; iilii» cliarntinK pictures, aai tba di-li>;hlful ntorv-buukiJ Im lutd Htseu in the whole countO 
of liis lUV. 

John K^nt tha morning looking at these thini^s : &iid, 
wlinn it mM nud-dav, n bril rang, nna his arrtAnt snid, '' Will 
Tou dine aloDe, sir, or witb the krgt) Vrnijiimy r "— " With 
the large eompanj', to be eurct," replied Jobii. .So his servant 
led him out. .(ohn. h-iwever, anw nothing Imt arjlitiirj- halle, 
lighted up with prc-cious stones, and bi-rr and tbt-Tv little nina 
Slid irom«n, wbu appeiinid Ui him to glide out of tiie i-lufU 
and fissures of the rocks. Wondering tcliat it was the bHU 
HttK for, he said to his servant, " Itiit whrrn in thp company r" 
Ana Kcajrdy hud be sjjoki^u when the hidl LhL*y weru iu 
opened out to a ftreat exteul. and a canopv *el with diamonds 
nnd previous sloncs was drairn over it. At the same moment 
lie saw an immense tbron'^ of nicely -dressed little men and 
womm pouring in throngli sfvcml opi;u doorv ; tbo floor 
opened in nevt'ral pbu-fH, and tsblen, covered with the most 
beautiful ware, iiiid (he most luscious meats, and fruits, and 
«iiivs, placed tliomifelres beside e-nch othitr, and the chairs 
aiTBD^ed tbemm-lvfs ulong the tablesi, a:id Ibm th« men and 
women took their aeuls. 

The Tiriucipal pcraous dow eajue forward, bowed to John, 
■nd led bini t.o their table, where they placed him niiioni; 
llieir inoiit beautiful ■ikaid<TUV, — a dii.tin<-ti()n which jilciiseil 
John well. TW party, too, was very merrv. for the uuder- 
ground people are extremely lively and cheerful, and can 
IMtTcr vtny long (juict. Tden the most charming niunio 
sounded over tbnir heads ; inul beautiful htnLi. living abouty 
vuug moot sweetly ; and these wet« nut real birds but artifi- 
cial ones, which tfie little men make so ingeniously that tbcy 
can fly nbout and sing like n.'ilural onus. 

Tho •rrrants, of bcitb sexes, who waited at table, and 
banded al.iout the ^old eups, and the silver and erystnl baskets 
with fruit, were children oelongiug to this wurld, whom soma 
CB.iunlty or <ithcr bad thrown among the uuderjtrouiid people, 
and wtuj, having a)nie down without aecuriuj; any pleogOi 


ISLE or BflasK. 

were frUen into th« power of the little on««. TboM wm 
diffemitlj' clad froin them. The bovs adiI girls wrrr [IrtiTil 
in saow-while coats and j^-Utfta. and van eiMn sbom, so fins 
that their »tcps could ncTpr bo heard, with olue caps on their 
licAdK, and xilrnr liclln rniind tlK'ir wnista. 

Johii ut finit jjitJL'd them, at-eiag how ihey were forced to 
run aliotit and watt on the little people ; but aa they looked 
cheeriiil nud happy, and wtv hnn^noinclv dri-wMMl, and had 
such rosy thecka, lie said to liinisplf, " Afti-r all, Ihi-v ans not 
HO badly otr, and 1 vna niyaelf nuieh worse wheu I uad to be 
running alW the cowg and biiUocka. To bo sure, I mil now 
a maaWr Iiere, and thoj artt wrvaiita ; but thi-n- in no hidp 
for it : why were they so fuolinh ua to let llifniaelvcB be tuLeu 
and not e^t some pledge beforehand ? At anj rate, the time 
Riiitt come when they fthall bp wt at liberty, and the)- will 
certainly not be loncrr than fifty yearn here." With tbcmi 
thoughla he consoled liiinself. and sported and played awaj 
with his little play-fellows, and ate, and drank, and made his 
aervant and the othcn tell him stories, Ibr he would know 
ererv thing exactly. 

Thev snt at tabln about two houra ; the principnl per* 
son tfien rang u little bell, and the t»blM aud dukint all 
Tnuished in a whiiT, leaving the company all on their feet. 
The birds now etrucic up a most lively air, and tin- littlv 
people dsneeil their roundi most merrily. When they wew 
done, thcjoyuua seta j inn pt-d. und leaped, and uhirled them- 
selves round and round, a« if the world was grown diuy. 
And the pretty Httlo girls that wit nitxt John caught hold of 
him and whirled hiui about : and, witbuul making any redat- 
anoe, he danced round and round with theiu for two good 
hours. Kvcrr afternoon while he remtuned there, he used to 
danco thus merrily with them ; and, to the Inat hour iif his 
lifi^ be used to speak of it with the greatest glee. Hia lan- 
guage waa — that the joys of heaven, and the songs aud niuaic 
of the angels, which tfie righteous hoped to enjoy there, might 
be ejcciBsively bi-nutiful, but that he coulil conceive nothing 
to equal the music and the dauelng under the earth, the beau> 
tiful and lively little men, the « ondcrful birds in the brnuchea, 
and the tinkling silver bells on their caps. " No one," aaid 
he. " who has not seen aTid heard it, cau furm any idea wbat- 


isut or nVaEit. 


MTicn tlie moHic and (Um-iiiK were over, it mif;lit bo nbout 
four o'clock. The little people theu disappeared, ond wont 
each nbout their work or ihcir jileusure. After siipiier they 
BjKirteil iind JMiced in the game way ; nod at iiiidnignt, eape- 
caily uu starlight tiigltts, they slipiwd out of tlieir hills to 
daiic« in tix' open air. John used then, like a good buy, to 
nay iiin pmj ers mid go to sleep, n duty he never neglpctt-d 
cither iii tin- eveulu^ or lu the niomtng. 

Tor the brct veek that John was in the glnss-hil), he only 
went from Mi» chamber to the great hall and back again. 
AiU-T the lirsl wrrk, however, he began to walk obout. iimKing 
hU Bcrvaiit show and explain everything to him. He founa 
that there were in that plaee the n)o*t benntiful walks, in 
which be might rnmble along for miles, ia all directions, wit)i> 
nut ever fijidiiig itn end of tbeui, so iiiirnf iiHely largi? won the 
hill tkil the litllt' people lived in. and yet outwardly it Heemed 
but a bttle hill, with a few buahea ana trees growing on it. 

It wiu rxtraordinaty that, between the mends and lieldii, 
whicrh WLTu- thii-k aawn with hiUs, and lukea, and ialandd, 
and oruiuiieuted wilh trees and floweni in the greatest 
variety, there ran, a« it were, HDiall lanes, through which, 
ns through irystat roeks, one was obliged to paw lo como lo 
nnv new place ; and the single meads and lielda were often a 
Biflt' long, and the flowers were bo brilliant and so fragrant, 
and the song of the nmnen)iu birds so sweet', that John had 
DCVe( seen anything on earth at all lik<i it. There wan a 
bntezn, and yet otiu did not feel the wind ; it was ijuite clear 
and bright, and yet there was no heat ; the waves were daah- 
ing, still there was no danger ; and the most beautijid littlfl 
barks and canm^ii came, like whit<' irwaiiA. when one wantr-il 
to crOHi the water, and wfut backwardn and furwarda of 
theouelvea. Whence all tins came no one knew, nor c^iutd 
hi* Mrvant tell anything abi>nt it ; but one thing John wiw 
[dainty, which waa, tliut the larxt? carbuiicleH and diainouda 
that were net m the roof and walla gave light instead of the 
eun, moon, and stars. 

1'hc«7 lovely nieads and plains were, for the moat part, 
()uit(! lonesome. Few of the underground people were to be 
aeeu upon ihem, and those that were, just glided across them, 
as if in the greatest hurrr. It very mrely happened that 
aoj of thriD danced out tiere in the open air; aomtiumet 


!(.■'■' ' 



^■«H - 

that « 

ftlifl .""" ...A 


abont tlirev of tlunu did so ; nt tht^ most half n doun ■. John 
■ever ban' a grcntcr nuinbttr totr^I'lier. 'Ditr mnMla yttmr 
Barer cii<MTfnl, MWjit v\\va llie corps of Hervant*. of whom 
tliere miiflit be some huiidrcdn, were let out to wiUk> Thta^ 
howekor. happened but twice n-wt-ck, for they wur® moatiy 
kopt vRipluyt.'d ID the greut bull antl ndjointng niMrtmonta, 
or at »>,'Iu<i>l. 

For Johii sooD fouod ther hod schools tliorc nl»o ; he htul 
boOD Ibcro about ten montli*, whisi one dnv hi! mm roihc- 
thing .■<ni>w-ivhite Klidin^ luto a rock, aiid diHapftiitriiig. 
" What! " said he to liiit sorvunt, "arc there eumc of you too 
that wear white, like tbo sm-nnt* V " Hi- nim int'omicd that 
then warrp ; but thry wcrt.' fi-w in nurnbi-r. luid nuvor ap- 
peared at thf luTgi- tablfs or the daiioi'H. cieejit onc« a year, 
oa the binliday of the great llill-kini;, nho dwelt oiaDV 
thonnLiiil miic> bclnw in tbo grcnt dcrp. 'I'hc-ae wtve tbo 
oldtwt men among th(-:n. HOiuti of IhiTtn iniuiy thouiMuid jeana 
old, who knew all tliiiij^ and could teU of the faeguming of 
the world, and were called the Wi»e. They lived all alon«, 
and only left their chaiiihcrs to iurtruct the underground 
childnrn aiid thi< att<mdunto of both acxca, for whom tboro 
wan a i^'n-iit nchDol, 

Johu v,an greatly plenacd with thia intelligence, aud be 
dcti^rminri) tji tnkc ndrnnTjigi^ of it; eo next morning be 
niaile liid si-rvutit i'uiiiliii.-t bim to thu suhool, luid was »o woU 
pleaded with it that he never niiitHed a dny t;oing iBent. 
rhcy wen- tuui;lit tliciv rc-nding. writing, and accounta, to 
cuTimuBe and n:iiit<- hiitoricH anil •torii'ii, and mnny olvgant 
kinoa of n ork ; ao tlmt itiiui.v caine out of the hillM, both nun 
oud women, very prudent and kuowini; people, iu oooae- 
quenei- of wimt thi^y wcrc^ taught there, ilie biggeet. aud 
Uioae of beat caputily, rect^ivt^d instruction in natuiiu acience 
and ulronoiny. and m poetry tuid riddle-inukiiig. urta highljr 
evtovmed by the little people. John waa very dili^ent^ aud 
aooii bcciuiie cxlrcniclv clever nt pniiiting and drawing ; be 
wrought, loo, nujBt ingeniouxly in gold, and siIvrt, ntd 
•tonM, and in vcr»o and rjddltv making be had uu follow. 

Johu had >"]H'iit many n happy yoar licre without evor 
thinlang of the upper world, or of those he had left bebhuli 
TC picanujtiy puacd the iimo^ao luauy au agreuuhlo fta,y 
IwUow ht! luid aniuug the children. 



iMLs or bCobk. 


Of aD Ilia pUTfellovii-s there wan nmio of ubnin hu wan ac 
fond M of » littio fnir-hnmrd Kir'. luunt'il Klt/atiotli Kj-abbin 
She »-ni> Ironi hia own lillngc, aii<l wns the ilnii^'lit«r ol 
Frederick Krabbu, thv iriiriUtor of Riiruliin. SUct wiu but 
four veaTM oid when elie «a« taken away. Biid John had often 
hemrn ti II of lier. She wm not, bowever, atolen by th* litlla 
peoplu, but oune inti) tbl^ir pnwiT in thin niiinTicr. Oik^ ilnv 
m amiiiuiT. slie, with other i-hiliiri.-ti. ran oiil intu t)ii- lii-lds: 
in their rambles they went to the Nitio-hills, where littl« 
BlixiLi-th f('l! lulc^, !LDd wiis ftirp.tton by tho ri?8t. At 
Di;;ht. wiien ahe nwoki'. rilii- fi'iim! biTrself iiiidiTr tlit- ictdiiikI 
anwne the little people. It wad not mcrelv beeau»e she waa 
from ^ix own rill.igo tbnt .lohn utu ao fond uf l^Llznboth, but 
the waa a mnst benuliful <!hild, with otcnr bliin r.yct and 
rincletn of fair hair, ami a inoat uiigelit* iimiic. 

Time licw away miper^eived: John waa now eijiliteeii, 
and Eliyjibfith nixU^c^n. Their childiili ftrndnecs bad bceome 
love, aiid tbu little iii'upli' wem plcaxcd to kcc it, thmking 
that by tiiefiua of ber tiioy might gut John to n-nouui* hia 
powor, and become their servant ; lor they were fond of him. 
Kid would willingly have had him to nait upon thorn; for 
the Inve (>f domitjion i« their vice. But thpy were miataken. 
John hud leiu-ued ton much from Kia wcrvaut to be cauf[bt in 
that way, 

Jolin K chief delight wM in wnikiug nbout alone with 
Elizubeth T for he now know every iiluce no wull thnt be 
could diapeiiBO with the altvtidaiue of his iiervaut. In these 
nunblrs he wiw nlwttys gay and livelv. but hia eompanian was 
freijuently and mid mcUiii'holy, thinking on the tnnd Jibove, 
wUura men lived, uud wheru the nun, mooii, and »lnr», sdiiue. 
Now it happened in one of their walks, that aa they talked 
of their love, und it wa« after miilnight, they pwwed undi-i" 
the place where the top* of thff glnss-liills \iacd to open and 
let the uudergro und people in and out. Aa they wiitit along 
they heard of a suddi'U the crowing of inTernl i-oeks above 
At thiH sound, which she had not hmrd fur twelve years, 
tittle ElLwbetli felt her hi>art so allected that mlw eould 
nontain heriNilf no loufier, but throwing her arms about 
John's neck, she bathed hia cheek* wiU) her tears. At 
length she iipsko— 

"£><MU«at John," »aid ahe, "fverythlug down horv is vMj 


tsLt 07 niavTt. 

bcotilifu!, Olid tho little people are kind, and do nothiuff to 
iniuro nie, biit still 1 have olwiws bccD uncanTi nor crcr 
fcil any pbiutiiif til! 1 liiigiui to \a\« yau ; luia vi-t that im 
not pui* plcHHure, for thia in not a riKlit way of living, audi 
as it should bo fur liumau beinea. Every night I dream of 
my ilcnr fathcir and mother, mna of our chiiivh-yarit, wIk-it 
lh'i> n«>])!e stand no jiiouidf at th« (?hurch-door "waitioK for 
iDy lather, and I could woep taan of blood that 1 cannot go 
in\t} the church trith them, and trori'hip God or n human 
beinK should ; fur this is no Christimi lift' «<■ it-wi diiwo 
here, but a delusive half heathen one. And only think, dear 
John, tlist wo can noTcr innrry, a« thcrn ia no priest to join 
u». Do, then, plan aome way for uk to loavt- llii» platTi! ; for 
I eaimot tell you liott I Ioilk^ K^t once inoro to my litther, 
and among pioun Christian*." 

John, too, hiul not hcdi unnfirTt^-d by the crowing <if the 
coelte, and he felt wlml he bad ueTer felt hero bi-fore, 
a lonsing after tlie laud where the sun sbinea, and be 

" ])i'ar Klir.nhcth, all ynii my in true, and T now feci that 
it in a sin for (..'hristiiuiN to nlay here : and it vpcroii to ma 
as if our Lord xnid lo uh in that ery of the cocka. ' Come up, 
yc Christian children, out of those ahodc* of illuRion and 
niosit^ ; conu- to the light of the Btun. luid act as chililrvn 
of ught.' I now feel that it wan a great ain for me to coidc 
down here, but I trust 1 shall be forgiven on accotmt of my 
youth ; for I was a ehild and knt^w not what I rlid. lint 
now I will not stay a day longer. They eiuinot kL«p hm 

At these lant words, Elizabeth turned pale, for ahe rocol- 
lecte<l thnt she was a si-rvunt, and iiiunt ncn'i' lior fifty \mn. 
" And wiiat will it avail mt>." cried she, " that I hIioII con- 
tinue yonng and bo but as of twenty years when 1 go out, 
for my fnther and mother will h(( ^ciul, and all my com- 
jianioriB will he old and Kniy ; and you, deareat John, will ba 
old and gray also." cried the. tlirowing herself on lua bosom. 

John was thunderairuck at thin, for it bad never before 
nceurred to him ; h((, liowfiver, i-orafortird lier an well an he 
wiiild, and declared he would never lease the ])laeu without 
her. lie spent the whole night in forming variou a plana i 
at last he fiicd on one, and in the morning bo dcHpof^rhea 

1SU or kCubu. 


at Mprvniit to fiumir.on to h'n npnrtnicnl hIx of tlii^ principu. 
ftf thv littlo p(!t>pli;. When tkuy aune, Johi' thus mlluly 
■ddrcHsed thiMu : 

"My friends, you know how I came here, not m a 
pnw>ncr or nctrvimt, but na a lord and mnater over one of 
you, aiid toiiafijuently. over all. You Iia»u wow fur tho 
t«n years 1 have been with you treated me with rc«p[>ct and 
Btt«ntion, and for that 1 am your debtor. But you are still 
mor«! my di^litont, for I might have giren you t'viTy sort 
of aauovaiii.-i^ aiid vexation, and you uiust have «ubifiitt«d 
to it. I have, however, not done so, hut harr behaved as 
your equal, and have sporti^d and playod with you rather 
than ruled over you. I iiow have <m« reijueHt t* make. 
Tbero ia a girl among your servants whom T love, Elizabeth 
Knbbin, of Uambin, where I wna born. Giro hrr to mo, 
and let ua d<!part. For I will return to wliero the sun 
»huicn njid the plough goes through the laud. 1 ask to take 
nothing with mc but bcr, aud the omamoDls and furniture 
of my chnmber." 

Via Kpokc in a determined tone, and thoy liei<!tiit(!il and 
cut their eyea to the ^uuud; at lust the oldt^st of them 
replied : 

" Sir, you a*k what wo cannot ernnt. It is ■ fixrd law, 
tliat no si-rvant uliall leave ihin platN! liefdri! tlw appointed 
time. Were we to break tiirou;,'b thia law, our whole sub- 
t«rrancaa ompiro would fall. Anything else you dctiri^for 
we lovo and rMpcet you, luit wc cjtnnot give up Gliuibeth." 

" Tou can and vou shall give her uti," cried John in a 
rage; "go think of it till to-morrow. Kotuni here at tlua 
hour. I will show vou whether or not I can triumph over 
your hypoeritieal and cuiuiiug »lralnK''U"'-" 

The MX retired. Next morning, on their return, John 
addrmsed them in tho kindest manner, but to no purpoan ; 
they pemijted in their rcfiiwiL He jjpive them iill the 
next day. tlireateuiiig them severely iu case of their rtill 
proving refractory. 

Next day, when tho six little peopk nppcareil before 
liiiij. Jiihti looked at them stenily, aud made no nitum to 
their •^liutatione, but mid to them shortly, " Yes, or No P " 
And thi'v annwered with one voice, "No." ll« thin 
Oiden-'d his si^rvaiit to iiummon tweuty.four more of tlw 

■iBtE OP Rdoev. 

pHncipiil [HTM>ii» nitS Uicir wiviii nnd cliildrt'ii. Wheal 
Uiev <'anit?, tlii'y wi-rt? iii uU livi- liun(lrt.-<i, inwi, uoiniTti. ma 
otiitilrtu. Juliu Drili'ri'J llit'iii furliiujlli to p> luiil t«t«h 
picka.ien, uptuicfi, mid bur*, which ihoy diii iu o h^mihI, 

He now li>cl therm out uj a nick in one of tlu- lii-lila, and 
firtleivd tbi'Tii to fall to work ul bbuting, bcwiog, aud 
draggini; stones. They toUtd puliently, and mad^ a8 if it 
WM* only fport to them. Krom momuig till night thoir 
toak-miistur auulu tlicm luhour without iN-uning. xIuidinB 
over ihi'tH conatatitly, to ()w»eiit iheir rcHliiig. Slill their 
obstinacy wns inflexihle ; and at tbe end of boiim- wedu 
hi* pity Ibr tbrin iviw an gtvat, thiit hi* «M obliged to 
giTc ovf r. 

He now tljouf^ht of a new speciea of punLiliiiifEDt for 
them, i 1 e oriifreil thpm lo njipcai' bi'fore him n<"il rnomiiig, 
eaoh ]>n>vicli-d with n riciv uhiji. 'llicy obeyed, iiiid John 
Comrrjuudi'J ilit'in to striji und lunh oue anotbn* till Uie blood 
should run dovm on tlio ground, and W stood looking OD aa 
grim nnd cruel as an I'iUlei'n tyrant, ^^tlll thp Uitlr [joopte 
cut and slnnhod thpimrlvcJi, and mwked at .lohn, and 
n-t'iisc(l to (loiitply with liiit wi«bn. Tlui» ho did fur thrpo or 
four ditv". 

^vornl other c<mr»ea did he try, but all in vnin; hia 
tnm|)er w.w too grrtle to sti-iigglr with their ohklinucr. and 
ho begun now lo tlrs|)itir of cvvr at-'i-oinplislnnK bin iWmt 
wish, lie besan evi-u to hate iholitllf [;euple ulir>iri be HM 
before *o fond of; he kept anay from tht-ir hnminrta and 
dniiuvH, aiid aaxociated aloiin witli Klitabi-th. .ind alo »nd 
drank i|nile Holitnry in bin c)i;unbci'. In xliort. Im b«OUn« 
alinoat a perf(M.-t hermit, and sank into ujo':>diiieas Had 

Whili' in thin tnnpLT, bn he yra* takiiiu a Military walk in 
tile CTeniuR. and, to divert hiu mi-lanchidy. was lliuning the 
•tones that lay in bis path against eaeh other, Ik- huppoDed 
to britak a tolembty targe one, and out of it juniiH-d a tond. 
The moment John saw tbe ugly animal, ho eim^iht biiii up in 
ecstasy, and put biin into bia pocket and ran hemic, cryiiif;, 
" Now 1 have hcrl I have my liliwibi'tli ! Now you nball 
ect it, you littlL- miiu-'hievouit rntu'aln ! " Aud on getting 
home lie put the toad into a cosily silver casket, aa if it WM 
the great eat treaxure. 


ISLE or hOgks. 


To nooouut for Joliu's joy vou must kuonr tiiat Kloa 
Sbirkwolt hod oltcn Uild him that thp iinilnrfcrounrl [icoplo 
could not cndun; uiiy ill nmi-ll, niiil that Iho hkIil uc ereti 
the stiK'H of It toad mitdv thuui laiut aud eufit^i- the moat 
drMdful tortiirea, and tiint bv moans of stench and thoM 
odioiis ugly nnlmalf, one cotild compd them to nnytbing. 
lli'DCi^ there nra no biul snurlta to lit; found in the wkola 
ghisH cmpin>, and a toad ia a tUiiig uuhcard of tliere; this 
toad luuat tbereforo b.irc been ioctoacsl in tho Ktoiio Irom 
the crcntioii, a* it wrn.' fur tlii? taka of John and £li£:ibt.-th. 

HmioIvih! to try thu- tlffct of his toad, John toi-k the 
owket undi^r his arm mid wont out. and on the irny ho mt% 
two of the little pople in n lotifsomo pWo. Tho moment 
bo sppronchcd Ihcm they fell to the ground, nnd whimpered 
Mid buwk>d nioflt liimi^ulubly, aa toiig aa hv waa near them. 

Satiiifii.>d uow of his power, ho ne.\t mormuK "uitimoneJ 
the fifty principal pernon", with their wives anil ihiLirnii, tii 
hi» nparlini-nt. Wbea thyy eiune, hi- mldn-sx^i them, 
rumiiidiug thiMU ouce asatu of hia kiiidiieaa ami i;vi;tlene8a 
tomrd tneiD. and of tha good tenna on nhiib tlioy had 
hitherto lired. ilo reproached thfun with their ir.gratiiudo 
in rrfu'inj; him thi* only favour he hud ever anki'il of tht'iii, 
but Crmh di-eian-d ho would not Kive nay to tht-ir ubatiaaey. 
'■Wherefore." said h*. "for tlie \mt tim«. think for n 
minute, and if you then Huy Nn, you vhall fn-l thAt pnin 
whifh in to you and your uhildrtni the mual torrible <A 
ail ijuiiia." 

Ther did not take long to deliberate, but nuoniniously 
twnlirj " X<i;" and thry thought tn themjiplvcM what n«w 
Bciii-mc liaa the youth' hit on, with which ti<' thiuka to 
fh^htt'U wise ones like us. and they nnlied aa tlivv naid No. 
Thrir Kiniliiig enragi^l John above all, and he Tjii hack a fnw 
btuidrfd pnei-s, to wlwce lie had laid the ea»k<'l 11 itii the 
toad, under a biioh. 

He WOK hardly romo within a hundred pacea of them when 
tbev all fill t» the ground an if atruuk vritli a thunderbolt, 
mad beKuii to howl and wliiinpi-r, aud to »rilhi,\ as if 
KutTirini: the nioet excrueintin); pain. The^ trlretchvd out 
their hniidr, and cried, " Have mercy ! barn merry! we fee' 
you have a toad, and there t« no ncape for u.i. Take the 
bcait away, and wc will do all y<'U reijuire " He let 


them kidt a few seconds longer, and then took tbe Umt 
Bwny. They them «tood up and felt uo nioiv pain. Joho 
let all dL-[)urt but tli« eix chief prvonii, to wboro he aaid;— 

" Tiiiit iiigbt between tvdve and one Elizabeth and I iriU 
doport. Uiml then for me three waggotu, with gold, and 
eilvi^r. mill iin^cioiis sUinrB. 1 tniebt. you know, take all that 
is in the hUl, and you desciro it, but I rill be merdAiI. 
Farther, joii must put all the furniture of my chamber hi 
two waggons, and get ready for mo the bandnomrHt trard- 
ling^suTiage tiiat in in l\»: hill, with nix Mad( bonea. 
MoreOTcr, you must aet at liberty nil the senaiita wUo ha»6 
heeu so long here that on earth they would bo twenty yenn 
old and upwardii. and you mimt ^ive them a« much Hilriir 
and gold as will nrnki- tlu'in rteh for life, and make a law 
tbnt no one aliall be detained here lou^r than hia twenticlb 

The kix took the oath, and went away quite tncJanobbtr, 
■ud John buried his l4)iid tieep in the ground. Tlie little 
people laboured hard and prepared everything. At midnigtit 
everything was out of the hUl. and John and Eliuibeth got 
into the silver tun, and wem <lrawii up. 

It waa then one o'clock, and it was uiidiiumnier, the veiy 
time that twelve yeara before John had )>onc down into tbft 
hill. Music sounded around them, and thny saw the eliM 
hill open, and tlie rays of the li^lil of heaven shine on tbem 
afWr »o many years; and when they i;ot out they saw tho 
first streaks of dawn alrendy in the enst. Cmwda of ib« 
underground people were around tliem busirfl about tlie 
waggons, John bid them a laat farewell, waved his brown 
enp three times in the air, and then tluug it among them. 
And at the same moment he ceased to see them ; he beheld 
jiolhing but a green hill, and the well-known buahea and 
fields, and beard the church dock of Rambin strike two. 
When all was still, aave a few larks, who were tuning tbcir 
morning snngs, they all fell on their knees and worshiped 
(}i>d. ri-solving henceforth to lead a pious and a Christian 

When the Bun roxe, •Tohn arranged the pruct!*Hioii, and 
they set out for Itatnbin. Ever^' well-known object that 
thev Haw awaked pleading recollections in the bosom of Joha 
Uitl hia bride ; and oa tbey paaiied by Bodcnkireben, JoliQ 

ULi or ruok:( 


rpcogi lined, ainong tbu people thnl gnxcd at and rollowed 
them, bts old friend Klan fSlarknuIt, the cowherd, atid liia 
Jog t^pocd. It wiui nboiit four in tho morhiiig when ihey 
cDti'rnd Ifjimbin, mid tlicy hk'i'td in tlxt niiddlir of the villiiicc, 
about twtiilv oates from tlic hoimc wbi-re JoUu waa boru. 
The whole village poiuvd out to caKs on these Axiatic 
priiiocs, for »u<rh the old nvxton, who rmd in hie youth liccn 
at Moscow and CouH(ujiliti(>]>le, hiliJ ilicy wlt(^, Tlitrre 
JotiH saw bis father and molhiT, nnd hia brother Audreiv, 
and hia sistcT Triiin. 'I'hc old TniniutiT, Krnbbe, stood tbsrs 
Um, ill hi* bliu-k sli[i|)i'ra luid white night cu[), gnping nod 
sliu-iuK with the rest. 

John diecovcrcd biniself to his parent*, and lilixabeth to 
hnn, and thu wrdding-dny wan vnoii iixrA, and mich ii wed- 
ding una never m-oa before or siiii-'t in ibi^ i«land of Kiif^cu ; 
for John sent to StraUund and Uivifswold fur whole boat- 
lowls of vimi, and siigur, nnd colfec, and whole herds of 
oxtin, Mbeep, and pin wciv dritcn to the ui-dding. Thu 
quantity of bart«, ana roeH, uud harea that ^^t■rtj shot on the 
occaaiun, it were vain to attempt to tell, or to count tlie iii'!i 
that irafl cBut>ht. Thpre wa« not a mu^idnu in Kiigcn and 
Ponieriuiin thiit mu not engacrd, for John woa unmeusely 
rich, and he wixhtrd to ^plny liis «eulth. 

Jolm did not neglect iiia old friend Klas Starkwoit, tho 
cowherd, llo gave him enough lo make him comfortable 
the T<'»t of hi* nay*, and iii»ii>ti.'il on his coming and «tayiiig 
with him na ofleii and ad long an be wished. 

Al^er his mairiage, John niade u progress tliroiigh tho 
country with bin beautiful Kliiabrtli. and tbey purchaaed 
towns, and viUagtii, and lands, until he brenme nuut«r ot 
nearly half Kiyjien. and a very coiHidemble count tu Ibe 
conntrr. J lis tath«r, old JaiUM Dirtrich, uas msdo a noblo- 
nian, and bin Imotbcn and «i«t«ra gentlcineD and Indita — for 
« hat eauout muue^ do t 

John and bis wifo spent their days in doing nets of piety 
and charity. They built >eti'ml chiuvbtv, and they biul tho 
blessing of every one that kiu^w thetn, and died uuivenudly 
lamontod. It waa Count John Uiecricb that built and 
ncbly endowed tho prwvot church of Kombin. Jle built it 
oa tue site of his father's boiini-, and prencntcd to it ncveral 
of the cupe aud plate« made by tho underground people, and 


ittLE or iiCticx. 

hi) own itnd Eliznbeth's gla«e shcx^B, in momoTy of wbut kadj 
bsfiJIen them in their youth. But they were nil taltrn nwsj 
in the tiini! of lliu p^-ut Charles the Twelfth of Sweden,! 
when the HuMiaua camo on the isluoid, and the Coseac^ 
plundered oron the churchee, and tooli away oreiytlung. 

O' ^ftttt GlsM titat. 

A PKAHAITT, uamed John WUde, who lived in TtodcukirclMDr 
found 1)11(1 time a glass shoe on one of the hilla wbcro the 
little peo|>le used to dance. Ue clapped it instantly into 
his pocket and ran awnr with it, keeping his band as doee 
on Bis piii^ket as if he hnd a dove in it; for he knew that bo 
had found a treasure which the underground people nrarta 
redeem at any price. I 

Othera say that John Wilde lay in ambush one nif;lit 
for the underground ni-nple, and gained nn opportunity of 
pulling off one of tht-ir bIiol-s, by stretching him»elf tlmw 
with a brnndy-hottle be»ide him, and acting like one tlut 
was dead drunk ; for ho wiui a very ciuining man, not 0**r 
scrupulous in his morals, and had taken in many a one by 
his craftiness, and, on tliia aeoouiit, his name was >ii no g(>oa 
repute among his neighbours, who. to say the truth, w«ra 
wuhng t» hnvr ns litth' to do with him an poKxible. ^fanr 
hold, too, that hL« was !ici]uaiiitt!d wilh forliiddun arts, and 
used to carry on an intorcoiirao with the fiends and old. J 
women that rikixed Mom]*, and such like. f 

Ifiiwever, bu thin tu it mav, when John had gottL'n tbe 
shoe, be lust no time in It-ttmg the folk tliat dwell undt-r 
the ground know that ho had it. So nt midnisht he went 
to the Nine-hills, and cried with all his might, " John Wilde, 
<)f Rodenkircheii, iiaa got a beautiful glaaa aiioe. Who will 
buy it ? Who will buy it ?" For ho knew that tbo little 
one who hiul lost the shoe must go barefoot till ho got it 
agiiiu, iiud that is no trifle, fur the little peopl« huvi- geii> ^ 
filly W walk upon very hard and stony ground. 

Iflu or bOoex, 



^ohn'* nilTcrttiiemMit vn* n^fiiij attrnidml t<>. the litll? 
fellow dIio bad lost tbe atiov iiiad« no dn^lnv in Kiting about 
rodMiniutg it. The Gnt free day be Rot, tJtat hv miglit com* 
out into thn ilnj'lieht, hi^ cnmp a« « rc-ipDrtnblc nicrf^hjint, 
mid kuo<.'ki-(l at Juliu WilUo'H iloor, ami aiikvA if Joliii bad 
not a glaaa »hoe to sell? " Fur. aaya lie. "thi?y nre an 
nitido now in grtnt dcmnnd, and .irp cought for in pvrry 
ntsrkvt." Joliu npliL-d that it va» trui- he hod n rerv little 
little. ni<«, prL-tiv little k!''" aboe, but it «aa so nuiul that 
«ven It Dwarf's toot mould bi> squeezed in it ; and tbat God 
Almighty mint mnko pcopl« du niiriHi*(! for it bcforo it rouM 
be of my u»i; ; but tbat. tor all ifiul, it wan aii eitraordinary 
sboo. and a valuable elioo, and a dt-ar frboe, aod it was nut 
crerr mcnliiint that could oflbril to nay for it. 

Tne miTi.'hHiiL luked to >m it, niiii wbni be bad eiamuied 
ity " Glaas Bhoes," Bud he, " are uat by any nieaiia sucli rare 
articles, my good friend, as you think bcrc in Itodcnkircbm, 
bccBUM you do not bapiicn to gn mui-b into tho world. 
HoireTer," said he, after liemniiug a little, " I will give yott 
A Kood price for it, bet^usu I happen to bate the very felloir 
of it." And he bid the countrvnian a thousand dollora 
for it. 

" A thouund duUan tuv money, my father tiaed to jay 
when lie drore tat oien to :!iarket," replied John W'ilile, in 
a mocking toDO ; "but it will not Icnvp my biind-i for tbnt 
■hflbby price ; and, for my own part, il may ornament tlio 
foot of mr dauffbter's doll, llarkye, friend : I have beard a 
•Ott of little song sinig about the glass «hop, and it i* not 
fi>r a parcel of dirt tbut it will gn out nf my liandi. Tell m« 
now, uiy guoiX fellow, iiiioiild yuu haprtuu to know the kna«k 
of it, that in eveiy furrow 1 make wncn 1 am ploughing 1 
Rbould linil R ducat ? 1 1' not, the rIioii in Htill luiiie, and you 
nwr inquire for gliaa fHiovs at those other markets." 

ne mcrehaut made still a great muiy attcmpta, and 
twuted and turned in <^ctx direction to get the slioe; but 
wben bo found thi^ farmi-r inflexible, be aipeed to what John 
denied, aud swore to the perfonnance of it. Cunning John 
believed him, and gave him up tho gbus shoe, for be knew 
rigbt well with whom hi- bod lo do. So the businesa being 
coded, away went the meivbant witli his glass shoe. 

Without a moment's delay, Jolia repaired to his stabUv 



m.K nw kCgev. 

Sot rmlr hi* liorMMi tin<1 hie ploush, mai dmrc oal is tiM 
dd. lit' m-lei'tt'd a [jieoo of ({niuiitl wliero hu would bsT* 
the ehortost tuni» poseible. riDii be->an To plouj^h. llaidiy _ 
had tho plough tumcil up the lint i^id. when up sonng a ■ 
dumt out o( lh« gruutiil, uuU it wriu thv wtmc with ertxj ■ 
IWoh furrow he mntio. There wa« now no eivd of hu 
ploughing,' iind John Wihip ttxm bought right new horam, 
and put ihcm itila thtr ictublo to tht: eight lie almdr had 
— and thfir tii3iip.'» were iwwr without plenty of oats in 
th«m — tliat bo might be able or^rrr two boiirs to rok« two 
&«»h honm, snd oo ht^ cnnbW to drivn thctn th« fMtcr. 

John wan now iiisatiftble in p]c>ui;hii)S; eveiy tnonuna ba 
fru (Jut before sunrise, and many a time he plouK^ea on 
till nfU'T midnight. Kummcr and winter it was plough., 
ulougli with him ercrniore, cice|>t nhrn the ground wna 
nOEen aa hurd an a Htone. Bui he aluays ploughed by kim- 
wlf, and nerer suffered any ono to go out with him, or to 
eomc to him when hv wa« nt work, for John understood too 
well Iho nature of hi* crop to lot pooplo wo what it waa faa 
ploui;heJ sii connt&iitly for. 

But it fared Ear worae with himself than with hi« horaes, 
who ate good oots and were regularly changed and rrliei'ed, 
whilo he gnrw iialc and nieAgre by retuou of hia ouiitinual 
workiiiKBnd toiling. Hia wife and children had no longer any 
comfort of him ; lie never went to the alehouse or tho club ; 
he withdrew hinuelf from every one, and ncum-ly ever «^ke a 
single word, hut went about silent and wrapped up ui bis 
own tbouglit!!. All the day long lie toiled lor bit ducats, 
and at niglit he had to count tlii'm and to jdan and muditata 
how 111' might Rnd out u still nwifltT hind of plough. 

His wife and tbt- neighbours lamented over ii is ttranea con- 
duct, bis dulljie^a nnd melimrliolv, and be|?in to think that 
he wuji grown foolinh. En?n-bi»ly pitied liia wife and cliil- 
<tn-u, for they imii^iued that ibe numerous horses that h9 
kept in hia stuble, and tlie prepi.>»lerous modo of o^cultui* 
liiat he pur»iied. with h» unni'i'i-oKurv and auperfuOUa 
plounhin;;, ttiunt »cion leave liito without bouse or land. M 

Hut tbeir aiitieipatious were not fulfilled. True it ic, th«| 




I pumtit of gold in tmlf wnv in tlio dawn of tlie cri) one. 
Fleea and blood cnnnot benr pprpettinl liilmiir, and John 
Wildo did uot long hold out aKiii;ist thin niniiixiit lIiruuKli 
the furrows dny and night. He got tliroiigli the lirst spring, 
but «uc dny in thu second, he dropped down at thn trail of 
the plough like nn exhausted Nnvembrr fly. Out of the 
pure thirst after gold he was wiwlcd uwny arid dried up to 
n»thing ; whereas he had been a vfry strong and hearty 
mail the day thir nhoi; of the little iindcrgmund man frll into 
his bands. 

liia wife, howerer. found aftt'r liim a conaidemblo treiwure, 
two great nailed up chests full of good new ducnts, nnd hi* 
sons purehiuuMl Inrgi^ estates for thenisetreii, nad became lords 
and noblemen. But what good did uU tliat do poor John 
Wilde f 

Cljf EraDnBcrfuI ^lougtt- 

WW once m fanner who wm muter of one of the 
ek eiien. that are the blacksmitlia and armourers ; 

, I got liiiu in a very curiouM way. On the road leading 

to tliis farmer's ground there stood .1 stone cross, and every 
morning as he went to hia work he used U> st^ip uud kneel 
down before tliis cmts, uid pray for some minutes. 

On one of iheiM? owaaions he notieed on the erosa a prettr 
bright insoet. of sneh n briliiaiit hue that he eould not roeol- 
leet liaving ever bi^fiin* ni-en the likt! with on iiiseut. He 
wondered greatly at ihiK. yet still he did uot disturb it ; but 
Ibo insect did uot remain long quiet, but ran without ceasing 
bnckwards and forwards on the eross, tu, if it waa in paJu, 
and wanted to get away- Next nioniiiig the farmer again 
•aw tiie Tety same inacct, aud a^n it was running to aiul 
fro, in the aame state of uneasiness. The farmer bcgim now 
to hart! Home siispieioiis uUxit it, and thought to himself, 
"Would this DOW lie one of tht- lilile blHtk enchanters? 
For eertain, all is uot nght with that inseet ; it runs about 
|urt like one that had aa erU consctoocc, as oue that would. 


ISLE or nflciiR. 

Tct onnot. f;o Ktnf : " a»d rt variety of tliuu^itii and con- 
jocCurea paswd through his mind ; mid liu uUlcd to mind 
whftt ho had ofton hcjiril from hie i'ntlter, and oilier old 
pooplt!, tliat nhvD the uuder ground [icci[il<! chnii<v to touch 
iiiiviliing hoW. tliey are held Itmt uiid cuDiiot quit tbc^ opot, 
and are tKcrcforc ritrvmplj' cuvful to avoid all fuoh tbiugn. 
lint he liim thoiiKlit it may iw ntil bo »oni«tliiiig cW ; aud 
villi would ptThaiiti be cotnniittin^ u Mn in dinturhing and 
Ukiiig awuy tlio little animal ; m> he let it stay an it wiw. 

Uut whi-n lio found it twice more in the eanw place, 
nnd »t\\\ running ahcitit with thd Mkme marks of unenauieea, 
lib imid, " No, it is Dot all riKht with it. So now, in tiM 
umw 1)1' Clodl" and he mode a Krnsp at the inaeet, that 
rcsivt<-d and cliine I'liat to tho rtone; out be held it ti^bt, 
nnd turv it nviny Iiy inntn force, and lot thru ho found h<< 
had, liv the top of the head, a little U)tly block chap, about 
sU inclies long. Bcrccchinc and kickiug at a moat furtuua nU«. 

Tho farmrr was gnuitlv axtoundcd at this sudden trans- 
fomiutioti ; xtill lie held \i* price favt und kept calling to 
him, while hr niltniniHti-rcd to him a few xnmrt *lap« on tiie 
buttovkn : " Be (|iiiet, he (|uiet. mj Ultle iniui \ if cn-ing wa» 
to do the business, we nnght look for heroes in swaodling 
clothes. We'll jiiat toko you with ua a bit, and ho ffbat 
jou nri; goiid for." 

The little fellow trembled and shook in everv limb, and 
then beKan to wiiimpcr most pitcoasty, and to beg hard of 
the fiirmer to l«t him go. Hut "No, mv lad," ir-plicd the 
fnnnrr, " I will not let j im go till jou tell me who yon are, 
and how you vanie here, and what trade you know, that 
enables yon to rum your bri'nd in the world." At this the 
little man tn^nncd nnd xhnok hin bend, but xnid not a vord 
in reply, only bet!gt-il nnd pray<rd the more to gi-t loose ; and 
tho farmer found ihal he must now begin to enlreal him if 
be would eoax any infomi)Uion out of him. lint it was all 
to no purpose, lie then ndnpli'd the eontrnrr nirthod. and 
whipped nnd »ln>hed bim till the blimd run (lonvii. hnl ju*t 
to lis little lurpuse ; the little black thing remabed na dumh 
nH the gruTe, fur iIiib species is the most mtdicious and obeli- 
Date of all the underground rnce. 

I'he fanner now gut angry, ami be unid, *' Do but be quiet, 
Biy child ; I should be a foul to put myoelf into a paoaioD 




Kitli jud^ a tittle brnt. Never fear, I »h«U voon moko you 

Eiuiir clicitli^h." 

S« MVKii;. ho rau homo wiili liim, aud dapped Iiim into 
a black, t-ovty. iron pot, mid put the iron Lia upoa it, aitd 
laid on the top of tW li<l a gri'.it heavy stoiie, and set the 
not in n iliirk I'old moiit, luid oh he wa« guing out be said la 
uiin, ■■ Stay thert>, uow, and trovzo till you are black ! I '11 
eDSige that at last you will answer me eivilly." 

Twice a-wnik the farmer went regularly tnt« the room and 
sshi'd Uia liltio black captive if bu would anawor him uow ; 
but the little one fttiil obstiiiately peruKtod in his silence, 
Tbo farmer had now, without miisieiui, nunued this courao 
for aix wei^ks, at the end »f which liin« Inn prisoner at last 
«Te up. One day an the fiirmer waa opening the room door, 
ne^ of Ilia owu accord, called out to bim to como and take 
him out of bin dirty «tiukiae dungeon, proiniiting thnt he 
would uow ohoerfully do all that was wanted of him. 

The farmer fimt ordered hitn to give him his Idstory. The 
black one replied, " My dear friena you know it jjist as well 
M I, or cl«c you never had had me here. iou oee I 
happened by chatiee to cnmu too near the cross, a, thing wo 
little people may not do, and there 1 waa held faat and 
obliged instantly to let my body becomo visible ; bo. then, 
tbkt people Blight not recognine mc, I turned myself into 
an insect. But you found me out. For when we get 
&at«ned to holy or eouseeratod tlmigs, we never can get 
nwajr from them unleas a man takes ua otT. That, however, 
doe* not Imppcn without plague and auiioyaue<! to UA, though, 
indeed, to ^ay the truth, the staying Ijuteiied there la nut 
over pleaaaiil. Aud so 1 struggled agaiutt you. too, for wo 
have a natural aversion to let ourselven be taken into a 
nau'» hutid." "Ho.ho! iji that the tune with you?" cried 
tbe lanner : " you Iukc a natural aversion, have you ? Bo- 
Ikve me, my sooty friend. 1 have just the same for you j 
and *o yon uall bo nway without a momeut'e delav, and we 
will lose no time in making our bargain with each otiier. But 
you mufit hrst make me Home preeent." " 'What you will, 
you have only to aak," said the little one : " rilver .-md gold, 
auil jireeioua atones, and costly fumitur^^ — all shall ha lliioe 
in leas thau an instant."—" Silvicp and gold, and precioua 
■>toao8, and all roch glitteriug fiue things will 1 dodo," wid 


t»Ls nr Besnr, 

tho bmer; "they bavi> lurned tbe bcturt aud broken tbi 
neck of uiauy a one before now, and few nra they wIioM 
lives lliey tnaKo Imppy. 1 know that you nm hiuidy smiths, 
niid liiivi^ mniiy a etningi; tliiiif^ writb you that other 
xiniDis know uolbiiig about. So come, now, bwear to mo 
tliut you will n>«ke me itn iron plough, such that tho smallmt 
foal mny be able to draw it without being tirvd, and tbeit 
run off wilU you asi fast aa your icgs cau carry you." So 
the black swore, and the faruxT tiien cried out, " Mow, iii 
the nnmc of God ; there. yoH are at liberty," and tbo little 
Dtii- vnninbi-d like lightuiui^. 

Next iiiormiig, belbre tin- ami waa up, there *l<x>d iu the 
larmcr's yard a new iron plough, and he yoked bis dog Water 
to it, ana though it wna »f the silo of an ordinary plough, 
WntiT drpw it with nise throuah the hc-nvieat cluy'land, and 
it tore up prodigiuuH fitrrowH. The farmer uaed ihta plough 
for m.iny Teara, and the iuialletit foal or the Icnncut litUe 
horn- could draw it tbriiiigh the ground, to tho nmnu-mmt ot 
iM'eryone who beheld it, uitliout turning a siiislo lutir. Aii<l 
tliia plough made a rich man of the fanner, tur it vost him 
no liorse-tleBh, and he led a cheerful and contented life by 
meau* of it. Hereby wo may sRe that moderation holdi 
out the longest, and that it ia not good to <:ovi:t too much. 



C!]t fi-B«l 39(0. 

A snKrmtnu'a boy belonging to Patiig, about half a mils 
from Hcrgi'n, where there are great numbers of the und<T< 
ground people in the hills, found one moniiu^; a little ailvcr 
bell ou the green heath, amo;jg the Giant Jt'-^ravcs, and 
fastened it on him. It hnpnenril to ho the bell belonginff 
to the «ip of one of the Utile Bruwu ones, who hud loal it 
wliile be was dancing, and did not inimetbately miss it, or 
observe that it wna no lougtr tinkling in hiK cap. He had 
gone down into the hill without hin bell, luid Having di*. 
cot-ered liia loss, was filled with melancholy. For t)ie worst 
thing that can befall tho underground people is tv loso tlieir 

18LE UF uCaKR. 


cap, Oien tlieir bIioos ; but t-ren to losi> the bell from tlicir 
csiis. or tlie buckle rrom their belts, i» no ti'ide to them. 
Whoever loBca bis bell must pnss »ome gincples* night*, for 
Dot a wink of ulci-p cjin b" PC't till hi; hiw n-'i-iiviMX'd it. 

Tho little f«liow was tii tlm Krwitfiit troublo. mul acurL-hi'd 
and looked nbouteverywheri?; but howeouldhelearuwliohiid 
tho bi-ll? Viyr only on n very few days in tho yew raity thfv 
aTTim up lii till! diiylight ; tior wiu they then iipi)ear in thi-ir 
t rut- form. He hud turned hiiunolf into every form of birds, 
Iwaiits, ntid men; and bo had sung nnd rung, nnd groaned 
nnd itioanrH, nnd laiiii-itted ntid iuiiiiired nhout iiia bell, hut 
not this »!i^htiiit liiliugs. or tniee of tiding*, had ho been 
able to ^et. For what waa worst of all. tho sheplierd's bof 
had left i'atzig tho very dny ho found the little bell, and 
wiu now krrping nhi-np nt Unrub, ueur Gtnest: so it wm 
not till nittiiy a ihtv ufler. and then by mere clianoe, ihat the 
little uuderKroniiii fellow recoTored his bell, and nith it bis 
pracc of mind. 

Hi! hnil thiiiigbt it not nnlihMy that a raven, or a crow, 
or a jackdaw. »r a inajj^fne, !md found his bell, and from hia 
thit^'tBh iUh position, which is canglil with anvthing bright 
and shining, bad carrird it into hia nest; with this thought 
ho hiid turned hiniself into a beautiful little bird, mitl 
Hirarchfd idl the iicsila in the isknd, and bad sung before all 
kindx of birds, to see if tbcv bad found what he had lost, 
and cnuld rcatoro him his sleep ; but nothing had he bvon 
able to Irani from thp birds. As he now, oni? eveninff- WM 
flying oviT the waters of Kidov and the fieldii of Uiiruti, iho 
BDepberd'» boy, whoso name was Vrhz SohlngeTiteul'cl 
(Smilr-dreil), fiappeni-d to he lieeping bin nheei) lli<-re at 
the very time. Several of the aheep had bells about ibeir 
necbs, and tboy tuikled nierrily, when the boy's dog sot 
them trottinc. Tho little bird, who trn« flying over thuta 
thought of bis bell, nnd »ung, in a melaiieboly tone, 

Lieito bvll, litlto Intl, 

Idltln rnui iw well. 

You, too, littlu "licep. 
If jou'ts nij TinuieliKi. 
Ifa aliMp'* Ki rich aa xou 

Mr n*t ;ou kwip. 

Tbe boy looked up and Uatencd to this etrango song 


tiLK or ittaKK, 

which came out of the Aj. and saw the pretbr bird, wkUik 
Doomed to him still more atnuigt': — "Odds bodikfaul" nid 
ho to bimaclf, " if oni! but hn4 that bird th&t 'a Ntncing up 
then, 10 pbiD that one of lu would hardly mutoh him! 
What can ho meau by tLnt wonderful soug ? The « hulu 
of it IB, it must be n Ibnthcred witch. My rams have ouly 
pinchbeck bells, ho cnlla thom rich cattle ; but 1 hnvr a 
nlver bell, and be singti Dulliing about me." Aud with 
these words he began to fumble in his pocket, took out his 
bell, nn<l ning it. 

Tliu binJ in the lur instantly saw what it wan, and was 
rejoiced hcyuiid uieamire. Ho vanished in a second — flew 
behind tbe uearcst bush— alighted and drrwofl'hia speckled 
fGHther-drcsH, and turned hiniAcIf into an old w^oninn dressed 
in tutteriMl elothi'H. The old danie, well supplied irith sighs 
and groans, tottered across the field to the shepherd's boy, 
who wns still ringinc hi* bell, and wondering what was 
become of tliL- hi-autitnl bird. She cleared her tbront. and 
coughing up from the huttom of her cii«t, hid him a kind 
cood evening, aud asked him which waa the way to Bei^n. 
Pretending then nhc hnil just hccd the little bell, she 
exclaimed, "Good liord! what a eliamiing pretty little bell! 
Well! iu all my Ufe 1 never beheld any thing moro beau- 
tiful I Ilarkyc, my eon. will you leU me that bell? And 
what may he the prlc(^ of it P I hare a littlo grandson at 
home, and .lueh a nice playthiuK aa it would make for him!" 
" No," re]ilicd the hoy, quite short, '" the bell la not for 
Mile. It in a bell, that tlicrc i» not such another bell in the 
whole world. 1 have <mly to give it a little tinkle, and ray 
sheep run of tbenu>elves wherever 1 would have them go. 
And what a delightful sotmd it has I Only liBten,mot)ier!" 
iinid he, rill gin jj it: "i» tlierr any weariness in the worhl 
that eau hold out against this bell ? I can ring with 
It away the longest time, so that it will be gone in a 

Tlic old woman thought to herself, " We will soe if 1m 
con hold out against bright shining money." And she toA 
out no IcM than three silver dollars, and offered them to him; 
but he rtill replied, "Ko, 1 will not «ell my bell." Shethen 
offered him five dollan. '• The bell ia still mine," unid he. 
&bc sin-ti-hed out her hand lull uf ducats: he replied, this 


ISLE OF BieitK. 


Uiiitl timr, " GM w (lirt niul iIih'h not rinf;." Thi> <ilil <lam« 
then sliiftui) bcr ||^>und. luui turned tlie libcuuriH! another 
vatT. Sbe f;;rew mvxtorious. and began to entii-e hiui b; 
InlKing of secret nrt«. nnd of chnrms by which hia cuttle 
might hv nindv t<> thrivv pruiii^ouxlv, rt'laling to him all 
kiiiUa of woudera of tbiMii. It u aa then the young iihe[iberd 
began to lonf;. and he now lout a willing ear to her tales, 

The end of the matter wan, that she fmid to him, ■■ 1 Inrkve, 
my child! giv<! ni<.' thi^ bell nnd mw! heru ta a uhitt! gtbck 
for you," said the, takiug out a little whit« stick uhifh bad 
Adam and Eve very ingeniously cut on it, as they were 
fL-eding thc! bcrdN of Panulise, with the fattest ahccp and 
lambs d.-inciiiK bi-forv theiri ; and there was the abejiherd 
David too, aa he tilood with hia aling against the giant 
Uoliath. " i will give you," said the old woman, " this stick 
for the bvll, and an long aa vou drivR thi^ ciiltic nnth it thcnr 
wiU be »iire to thriift'. Witii thia you will hei^onm a rioh 
shepherd : yonr wetben will always be fat a month sooner 
than the wethers of other shcpliprds, and every one of your 
pJiocp will hare two pounds of wool more than others, and 
yet no <mc will hi? i-viir able to see it on them." 

The old woman liandt^d him the alick. So mysterious waa 
her cesture. and so strange and bewitching her smile, that 
the lad wan nt once in her power, lie Eraspcd ea^irly at 
the stiek, unvo her hia hand, and cried, "Done! Strike 
hands! The bell for the stick!" And cheerfully the old 
woman stniek linnds, and t«ok the bell, and went like a 
light brcrnc o'er the field and the bemtb. Ho saw bor 
vanisli, uiid iihe seemed lu llcuil away before bis eyes like a 
miat. and to fpt aS with a Hti^ht whiz and wliistle that made 
the shepherd's hnir stand on end. 

The iinderEToiiiid one. however, who, in the ah^pe of an 
old woniaii, liad whi'edled him out of bis bell, bad not 
deoeiTed him. i'oe the under groundpeople dnre not lie, 
but must ever keep their word ; a breach of it being followed 
by their aiidden change into the ebune of toiuls. snakes, 
duji^'b ill-bee ties, wolves and npes ; forma in which they 
waittlei' iibuLit, objects of fear and aversion for a long course 
of Years before tiiey are freed. They, therefore, haio natu- 
nilly a great of lying. Pritx SVhtngentcnfe! eare clone 
nttt-utiou nnd umde trial of lus new ahe{iberd'»-staa^ and he 

nit or rCoek. 

Booi. found Hiat tho old vronian hnd told him the trutli. fof 
his docks, and lija work, and all the labour of his hands 
pm»p(-ivil will) him and had wondorliil liii-k, no thnt thr«; 
wua not a nhfi-|>-owiicr «r hrad »ht'iihcrd but wa«t deBirciii* of 
havii]{> I'Vit^ iSi-hlaKcntc^ufi'l in his i-iii|)loyiiieiit. 

It wa« not long, however, that be rcmiuncd an underling. 
Berorv he wa« dgbtocnfCHT* of I^, hp had gnttrn bin uun 
flocka, mid in toe counie of a few yt'iira van the ric-boBt 
flhocp-maater in the whole isUind of Kuj^u ; until at last, he 
waa able io purchase o knight's estate lor himsrlf, and that 
estati! wua Ornbitc, clone hv Hnnibin, which now 
the lorda of Suiide. My fathL-r* kui'w him llitre, and bow 
iVom a ebepherd'fi boy he waa become a nobleman, and hv 
alirnjN conducted himself like a prudent, bonc»t and tuous 
nitui, who biul n good word from every one. He bruuiriit up 
his Honii like Kentl«m«i, and his dAUKhtem Hke lodiei^ eome 
of whom are still alive and accounted people of groat codw- 
miciiw. And well may people who hear such utorics wish 
that thpy hnd met with wicb nn adventure, and hnd found a 
little ailrvr boll whicli the underground pi;oiili: had laat. 

trfii Black Stnarftf at firAnit|. 

Not far from the Ablbeck lies n little m.inmon called 
Gi'aiiilit, judt under the great woiid on tbt" Bfa-eoaat i-iiUt-il 
the wood of Oraiiitic. In this little seat lived, not many 
yonrn ngo, .1 nobleman named Von Schoele. Toward t-bo 
clo.te of bin life be sank into a etnte of mclnneboly, though 
hitherto a very cheerful and social man, and a great sporla- 
man. People «nid that the old man took to ni» lonesome 
way of living from the loss of Ids three beautiful dauEbtcrs, 
wlm were c:d!eil the l.hrci^ fnir-hnircd nmidt'iis, and who 
grew up here i» the solitude nf the woods, among the herda 
and the birds, and who bad all three gone off in the ttatne 
nigbt and never returned. The old man took thia givatlj 

* Blnrlsb Vick** of counc^ fat be ii the ounlar. 



lo timrt, ami witlidnrH' litniwlf rmm tlie wwlJ, siid nil 
cheerful sOL-iely. He had grt-ul uiIi-TCoul-sl' with the Hltie 
black peci[i1«. and ho wns many a ui^jht out of the housu, 
and DO ont^ knew tvh pre he hod been; but nhi-n \m cnmo 
h«mu iu the gmy of the moniirig, he would whinja-r \ua 
house keeper. auU eay to her, "lla, ha I I waa at a graud 
table hut night." 

'J'his »M gentleman ased to r^atc to Id* friend*, and 
ciMifiriu it with miiny it titout Iroopt^r's aiid vpurtnmau's oath, 
that the undergiv:iimd people Hwurined amon{^ the iir-trees of 
Gmnitj;, alxiut the Ahlbcck, and along tho whole (thore. 
Hl> tisi^d otl«n, nlao, to show to thooe u'linni he took to walk 
there, a great number of little foot-prinU, like those of 
very eiuall chUdj'fii, in the sand, and he hn« suddenly called 
out to hii eompanions, " lluah ! Listen how they an;, biUBing 
and whiHperiug ! " 

Ooinf; once with some frieiid« ti]oDg tho Hea-ahore, lie all 
of a sudden stood still, as if in amazement, pointed to the 
K*, and cried out, " My si)\i\ ! there they am again at full 
work, aiid then- are several thoiii^iindM of thcni employed 
about a few amikeu casks <if wine that they are rolling to 
the shore ; olil what a jovial carouse there will be to-night !" 
lie then told his companions tiiat ho could sco them both 
by day and by night, and that tlury did nothing to lutn ; nay, 
tliey were hia nioul parlieular friends. !iud one of them had 
once saved his bouse from bein^ burnt by waking him in the 
niglit out of a profound fleep, when a firebrand, that had 
fidlc!ii out on the flunr, wnx jiut on the point of xi'ttiiig fire 
to aouie wood and atniw that lay there. He said that alniodt 
every day some of Iheui were to be seen on the sea-shoro, 
but that during high «torniii, wbm the nea waa uneommoidy 
rouj([U. uliooil all ol them were there Icjoking arter amber and 
sbipwreoks, and for certain no ship ever went to pieces but 
tlwy got the bert part of the c^nrgn, niid hid it safe iindiir tho 
ground. And how grand a thing, ha udded. it ta to live 
under the sHiid-hilU with tlieni, and how beautiful their 
cryital palaces arc, no one cau bare any couccptioo who hM 
not been there. 


il dD Id Inlnni 1i«fv*B i unt 4ax bI >a vehiniu tn 
Bliuu iKiul TAmkiiiiHui, *T>ii vuniliirlLcber ftft" 
Svon rk«l ui ilnu liUv dfir »i( ril vobi iId bvinil 
VoriU-fSD iinlTiir nlchon, NiMi.rna, Liu«LMS. 
Of slid dumrft I >:ft twTgliMnl inon<1<r]a 
Thry lIwuCI U holUpiv mrpunulM ^ Hnil ritrdoTtmci t]i*f i 
A ctilite Allul h TLm-clojLif, at TdiiJvrful iiKluro — 
WllO hit II nil hl» iBllj »III tvut ^ MCUI* 

The religion of tlio nncicnt (iiMTniin», probably tlie sama 
witli tlmt uf thr.- Si-iitiiliunviiuiB, i-ontaiaed, Uio it. SM'o, 
Dwnrli. and Giants, 'I'iie Alfa Iiatc fallen Emm thr pupiiUr 
crutid,* but th(! Bwarfu ntill rcljiin thi'ir Tamicr Uoiniiiiou. 
Uuliko those of itio North, thin- hn\'v put off tbeir bealbeit 
chnracter, ainl, willi their liuDitiu neighbours, have einbniccil 
ft purtT fuith. With tho c.rord they nc^ni to bsve adopted 
the spirit of their new religion iilso. lu most of the tradt* 
tioDa rospectiii;; thorn we reeocnii^^ bc^Dorolenco aa one of 
thoprincipal tr.iit* of their chnn«'tcr. 

The (ihlc'iil niomiitTOuls of Ofniiun jiopular belief are the 
DOeiiui of the lU-ldfrihuch (Bero-baok) and tho spirit-stirring 
Inibelungeii Lied.t In these poems tho Dwam u« avton 
of importance. 

lu thia l]i!>t-nami.-d wb'bratt'd poem the Dwarf Albricli 
Kppears aa tho pUHrdiaii of tho ce!ob«itcd liimrd whii;h 
Sifrit (Siegfried) woo from the Sibciuiigen. The Dwarf is 

* Ttic unly remiiant li Alp. tin n^titi iiuan -. the itfin otmaifra irriicin ii 
i^ercly ail iijupiion of Lhe KiiglAh fhvB. 

t The nllUon of tlili poem which n hti« UKd, >• thit bj Sclilhihn'h, 
Wpiis. 1841. 





TAitquiMiod br tho horo who gains his Tarn-knppe, or 

'\r: of InTJ.tibifll.V.' 

In thii Heldfnbiicfi we mi-et witli the Dwiirr-king Iinurin, 
tclioM! i^iriicii Dietricli of Dora atid his i(nn'ior3 brukv into 
tad laid wnstc. To ropi-l thp invtider the ilwitrf nppcare in 
magnificent luray i twciitv-tlirts; ^tiinina nro nci;ujii<'(l with 
the iii'm:n[)Uou of his biuiner, hi-'huet, 5iiii.-lil, and otht-r 
Accoutri'ijiiuts. A fiirioiia combat enauL>s, iu wliich tlio 
Uwnrf hnji loTig the lutvjintape, na iiis magic ring nnd girdle 
ondow him with thi- streugtii of tweiity-lbur niun, arid hin 
Hel Ki'plein t (Tarakappe) renders him invisible at jilt-a- 
ture. At length, by tlic adrice of llildcbrand, Dietrich 
ctrihcs o(T the Dwiirfs linger, brealtg his girdli', and puUii 
off hilt IIi:I Ki^jilnti, and tlius succeeds in vnnijuisliiii^ Ilia 
many. Lfturiu ia afterwarda reconciled to the heroes, and 
prevails on tbem to cntor the mountain iu which he dwelt, 
■nd pnrtnkc of n banquet. Having them now in his poncr, 
he trciu.'hi-rouB)y uiakeB ihein all hiH prisoners. His queeu, 
l^oirever, Ditlaub's aii»t«r, whom he nud utoleu away from 
under a linden, relensfs them: their hberation ia followed 
by a terrific ciigng»ment botwern tliem and Lnurin, boiclicd 
1^ a uumeroua host of Dwarf*. Laurin i» again overcome ; 
he lones his queeu ; Ilia hill ia plundered of its treasiirra, 
sud hiinaelf led to Bern, and there reduced to the extremity 
of (--liming his bread by bei-otning a bufloon. 

In the poem named Uilrnen SiJrit J the Dwarf Eu^el § 

• T«fn fmm lorn, m dmn, Hji DoSoiick, Ii«<4Uh it (!»'« muprnge alDnn 
villi InrEailiLliiT. It ctimn mom jtrnhnbK tru ihi^jk from Iho old <*fnD4n 
flmvn. 11 hiclfl. KnppA i> pmpr rljr n «lD4k, ihongh chv TirDluppo <tr N<bcl- 
hi|fj4 ^1 gr-nenl[y rrprcBCdlril u » rHji. or bit. 

t Bontl) Siigfnd ■ 1<-r ■h™ lie nlc* llie dreijopi, lie billinl Mnnrlf [n hll 
bloadi fend Tximiiio Uortiy iiij iuviilEiCfkljlF f uri-vwltrrc tficrpi in ulic r^A 
brtwtcn hi* iliuuldiMi, ohcn u llitilcn Inl durk. Iu ihs Nil>clun|cii Lic<l, 
(M. 100). Utfrue u]>. 

Vet itlll mnit knon I r>r hlm—thli 10 mf I* Hrnfil, 

A terrible l.inbJ-iiTgi^ the hero'f hand haih iliin ; 

Its in iliD blooJ him hiihn), mi homy grrv hit iliin | 

Htrm wDunrlrih biui nn ortpnn. full <i(i it Iinili liMii tttn, 

% MM, Giiiiiin rbuiih[bl BL unc lime thut ihit natiip wet prnper1}r Kn(rtla 
•nd Iliil il au coniiEclKl "It)! Ilie rhiuigri of ,\l;>. All, to Kni>r1 (>rt ■burr, 
|i. CJ>. Tlicr qirciy u "till ilnio llic dim Ka'flnti fii« oion Inln iiw, 
vbon thf u>(cU mn Nnl npcctculul uudtr tlit form at diililrco — ■ 



renden* tU« hero good Borvioe iu his combat nith tfao 
pncbaiiti-ii Dragon who hml carried off the fair Chriiuhild 
from Worms, niid eii(;lo!iPcl her in the Drnchcnutcin. When 
Sifrit 13 trc-o'ilieroualv nltacki^J bv llie Oiaul Kupenui, tbo 
lily of the l>r]igoQ, t^ I>warf flmgB his £4ebeUuppe ofer 
bim lo protect him. 

But th« inoHt celebrated of Dwurfa ia ElbeiHch.* who 
aided the emperor Otnit or Ortait to gain the daughter of 
tlie PajTiim Doldnn of Syria. 

Otnit ruled over Luitibordy. aud bad subdued stl tho 
neighbouriu^; nations. His subjects wishing him to mam', 
ho held a council to consider the nrtiiir. No maiden men- 
tioned was dc.<<;nii.'d nohlu enough to xhare his bed. At lul 
hit) uncle Elias, kiug of the "wild UusBiaus," says : — 

" 1 koovr ^r ft iuaid4>Q, noMtf And hi^la-bom. 

Her no uuu yet hittli wuoud. tiis [itii wliQ tiutii not torn. 

" Slie xliiiiulli like the niuis, tuul t)io gbU ruililf, 
Shg fair b in her [>iir*i>n, Uiou imiirt vnidtl lua ; 
Sh* ttiiDiis o'sr otiior wnmcii. u hrlglit ritca da. 
So Aur a rrblld wna never ; tboy uj ihc good U too." 

The (aouareh's imaRination ia inflamed, and, regardless o( 
the remonstrances of his council, ho determines to bniire oU 
dnngcre, to snil with a powerful orniv to Syria, vrhero the 
Riaiiliii ilwi'lt, luid to win her or to die. He regulutes his 
kingdom, and says to his uncle : — 

An ""On iw May npp«i]tr>th, witb bor d»y» to ctcnr, 

Tlieu pmy iliiju v! lliy frieo'li .ill, tliuir inuriort to cli«<T, 
To Lolit lli«iuaelves hJI niiuly ; go tliint^ nA titpjr may. 
\Ve will, witli Ulu lardtt' uiigiug, sidl oVr the Bo4 ftw«y. 

prtCIlM tridcnlly deiiTcit from lliF Idn «f the EI>h. In Oifried and olto 

wrilcr* of ihe ninth ftnd tenth cmEvirifta, thcj uj. the fcuijrTa \n d^ii:i4^ m 

Cnp men ; bnl in the Efltler h^lf nf ihc thir(penib,4 p^putLr prr^thur num^ 
thold.uyit It trhft teal dtu li nllaaint tint jiaielKht uemiilit I ohcAt 
jh'nC <tn9 tIA vtinf )4r ait itttvrA mun rr> mAUi- 

* EihPTif^li, (the Alhrirli tif ikci NibnUitijftn l.irdi) h> wfi Imve wld (ftboea 
p. 40}, ii Oiwron. Frum Iha uiuU fhingn of t iittn li (u n^. ov, aJ, tfa«, 
tlE^), in the Fruni^h Un^iuijfr, Kllicrieh or AibHch (ilrriti-d from A]p, Alf) 
bKontct Auber^rh; Diid ich iiul Lrin^ a Ki^'iirh urEijiuaiJoii, the dimlmi* 
lift on KAt tul)*LiiuCFd, hriJ to it iHrtAifia AuU-titn, nr OEk^euh ; i mutth motv 
lillelj iitij;iii ihin tlie uiiikl ono froni L'aviK dujaur. Foe iLii dtrinlian af ' 
Obenn te are iiulel>led lo Dr. Citmn. 



The queen noir endi-nvouni to dixnuiKlp her Hon, but 
Bnding ber oflorts vain, reaiilvuH to uid him as far m she 
can. ijiic gives him n ring, aud dc^sirea kiiu to ndo towiird 
fiome lill hi- comcui to where n lindoii etnnds before a hill, 
bom whiL'h runs a hrook, anil thcro he will meet with an 
ndT^nturo. ^hc farther tells him to keep tlie ring untoicni, 
luid the atoiK- of it will direct him. 

Obeying hiH din-etifms, Ottiit rides nlone from his pnlaM 
at Uords, continually looking ut his riug : 

tTutu n li'Wtli be mmo then. cIobo by the Gorda lake, 
Wlwrc cvtTj'wherp tbe Bowoni and cTover out did braik ; 
Tliv binJB wero gHily xiiiging, their tiotc* did loudlr ring. 
Uc all the iiight had wnknl, liu vnu wear; with riding. 

Tliv Kim (iT«r III* mountnTn* and throuKh the welkin ahoiie, 
Tlkoa looked Kk fiiN oft on the flold and on the stoac ; 
Tlion •!»■ liB u"ur lUa iupskIhih, iIowd trudden the |ifT*n gras^ 
And A f4tliway □arruvi-, vrhmi HniiiJJ fevt uhkI to puiL 

ThoQ followed ho diiwnHiir<l>s the rorkj' w^l boMlf , 
Till he Lail foiiitd Ihv ri<nTiUiii, luid the i[m<n Iiudi>n*lrM, 
And Mw lhi> hffiilli wjdn Hjinuiilni', Mid the iiuileii bnuiohiog hif^ 
It had upon jta boughq fiilE iiljuij' a giimt worthj- 

Th» lanl* «■«« loii'tiy niupng, cocb other riTiJIing, 

" T tiave the right my mlden," rj>ake Qtnit the kiii|; ; 

TUioi tiiiK'U iiiii hiuirt irjtji<vd. whitu lie «aw the liiiden spraad ; 

Uc apraog down Troiii hu councr, he held liiiii l>]i tlie head. 

Aod when the Ivomhorder hod tookcil on tlio linden 

He began to laugh loud: now list what im wiJ IhcD : 

** Ther« neirer yet from tree came to Hwcet breathing a wiod.* 

Ttien mr he how an inftuit vu laid beneath the lind. 

Who Lai] himiclf full flmity rolled in the gnu> ; 
Then little the Lombordcr know who howu: 
U« bon upon hin body » rieh and noble a drmr, 
Ho kioit'i ^iiild upon fsarth o'er did the like poneaa 

Hia dm wu rieb adomnl with gold and prociin» Atonti ; 
WliTn ho h«nfinlh the linden the chilil found all alone : 
" Wh«r« now in thy mutliM t" king Otoll he erite; 
"Thj body uR|iivtocl*d btmaath this Ire* here li«a," 

This child was Elborich^ nhom the ring rendered naiblc 
After A h.trd rtrucelts Otiut oienaat* him. Aa a ranaom, 
Gltx-Tiu'i pmiuiics Iiim a mo^ificcnt auit of arniuur — 



" ni give UiVH fur my nuiwin tlia Tiin Ixirt ham^a 
That oith«r young or utJ in tlic w(«Iu doth ] 

" Full ciglitj Uiinianil iiuirkR tlia hnmm* in Hortb waO, 
A >w(ird Im- 1 will K>vn Itum. with Uio nliiH of mall. 
Tlinl «very wirmltl i.-iit» llirou^h ru l(»!»«! it were oott 
Thiitv hgW wm lialm so atroiig yet could injure it n JOL 

" I wenn in tho mIioId world no bolter nwonl thor* b«L 
1 broiiifbt it (niii A mountiun U colled Aimari; 
it ia witbgold luionicd, uid doiknr in IhaD glua; 
1 wToughl it ID * luouuUiD U mllcd <Ii>ick«l pniw 

" Th* nrord I will nnjno to Ihnc, it » britht of hue, 
TVIiltt'OT Uiou with it BtiikHl 1IO ptp will cnauo. 
It U RoMi (Bll«t. t toil to tboo iln liEUna ; 
Whmter iwurdi aro drawing it Dorer will IhM ahamo. 

" With oil the other hnniess I giro thoo leg nrmodr. 
In whjch thorv uu Hdji is, my own hiiiid wnniKht it mn ; 
Andwhvn tliou hast tlie liamOB Ihon miiat 11 jicreioua liol^ 
Tligra a Dutluug CtJite witliin it, it all in uf \mn p>\6. 

" With alt tho nrmonr rieh I giro thoe a Uolmf^ 
Upon an emperors Lemi none n better oVmw jvtf 
F\ill happy is tho DUin wiio cloth thia holniM bear, 
Hii hoEul u recognief}, a mils off though lie wan<. 

" And with tha helmet bright 1 will gii^ lo tlim B Bbiold, 
Ro itrvniE and (o i^rivif too, if to mv Ihanlu tlioit 1t jiolil ; 
It never yi-t mis out tlirougli by miy •word »o km-o, 
No aort of weii|>ua ever muj that huukltr witl" 

TTIberich pcrsuiulee tbe king to lend him bis ring; 1 
he gi'ts it ho becomes invidibtr, tuid tttiiiiK-s hinuc'lf bj 
injt liiui of lli« wliippiuK le will get from bio mother for 
having lost it. At lout when Otnit i» oD tho poiut of goiiiK 
Aitiiv, Kll)ririi;h ivtiiniB the riiie;, nntl. t» h!« no tiinii)) lur* 
priie, iufonnH him thnt he is liis luthur, prDiiiiBinK bim, ut 
the some tiine. if he iitkiud tohts niotlitr, to &taiid hia ftieiid, 
l&d usist him to g^iit the hcuthen n>:iiA. 

When Mny itrrivea Otuit suils i'nnn Alcwiinn with hi* 
troops. As they approach Simiiers.* tlipy are a little iu 
dr^ad of the ijuantitv of shipping ihcT see in the port, adiI 
the kiug regrets nnd bewoiht hnving proccrdcd uitliout hia 
(lwarf«re. But Elberiuti bus, tuseep, been sitting on '* 


Probably Saxla, ■'.#. SidoB. 

OBnMATr. Sni' 

nut. He nppcnrx, and givpn hiii ndvici>, nccompftnied bj h 
Btooe, whiuli, hy beiug put into tlio mouth, endows its p»»- 
MMor witli tho pft of all languages. Uii tLu lieatneua 
coming nlimgside the vpssol, (It.iiit nssiimcs the uharact«r ol 
a merchant, atid is ndmiltiTd to i-nU-r the port. He forth- 
with propoaes to itiurdcT thi- iuhiibitiiuta iu the night, an act 
of t re-Jit hcry which is prevented by the Btroiig and iudigiifuit 
rebukvH of the Dwrnf. 

Hberich sola off to Muntabur," tlie roval niiidcTncc, to 
dcmiuid the princeM. The Noldan, enrai^u at the iimuleuet) 
of the invisibit! i--nvi>y, in iiiiu orders hi* men to put him to 
death; the "littlt- ninn" returaa uniieatlied lo Otnit, and 
bida liim pivparo for war. \i\ tho aid of Elberich, OUiit 
Winn, uftcr grcjit nUuahter on both sides, the city of Suudere. 
Ha then, undL-r thu uwurra luivict.-, followti up his conijucst 
by marching for Muiitabur. ihe lapital. Hbt-ricb, still 
invinhlr, ext-cpt to the pofsuuor of tue ring, ollura to act 

M guides. 

■Give mo HOW tho bora* here Uioylend by tho hand. 
And 1 will jculdo IhiBo uiuj unto lLc hcatbciift' bind i 
If imj oui.' pl^ouJd Aak tlioo. vbti on tho bono dolh rl'lc T 
Tliuu nholt laj DoUiing otu, but- -on ■ngvl ie thy guii]«.* 

The army, on soi-inK the horse and bauncr advunriu^ na h 
ncro of tbemselres, blessed lliLiinselves, aad aakod Otuil wkjr 
h«' did not tikcwinc:. 

" It in Qod** maaKngor I " Otnil tbon mcil : 

"Vhounto Uiuubar v-OI be our tnulf guido ; 

Him J* ihould b«lievo in. wbo Uka C'linntliuw debattk 

WLo in (be fight them wptuv not, be luda to licaTon atralgbt" 

TliUB encouni^d, lh« troiijis chpcrTully follow the invisible 
■tandard- bearer, and soou appear bel'iiru ^luiitAbur. wherr 
Elberich delivers the banner to king Kiins, and dircL-te them 
to t-'Wiiinci, ]{u InL■<ut'Hhib^ entcn the eity, lliiign down th* 
Bitillory irom ibo walls, and when the Soldau again rcriwei 
to civc his daiightnr, plucks out some of his tnajeitt^'s beardt 
antihair, in thu midst of bia courtiers luid guards, who in 

• i. t. Muiiiii Titmr. 
t Thii miij birc iiigiiiud Cbe mtl-kiiuvD circBBtttBC* In Hum dc 

V 9 



»ftm cut «nd tliruet nt the viirwlesa tortnpntor. A furiout 
bnttlv rnsues. The queen Bod princess resurt u> iiraven to 
tlit^ir gods Apollo ftud Mahomet ibr the Mtfety of tbe itoldu). 
Tlie princpsa is tbua described : 

Her mouth Runcd like o rose, ud like tilt nfayatoiM 
And equal ta the fall noon her love); ey«a ttwf ikoBtt. 

With roMn «ho bedecked had well her head. 

And with pearli preeion^— no one comforted till maid! 

tiiic whb of ouct itaturo. ileader in ttM wilMt, 

And turned like ■ taper mi lier bodf ohMM. 

ncr hondi and her annm. you nouRht in them could b1ain». 
Her noili Ihoj oo dear were, people »aw themiclvc* tn tliem; 
And licr hair ribboni nvrc uf ulk contlf. 
WLIali nho left down hanicin^ the tniiclon flur osd ikwe. 

8!i« •Dt ttpoD her heod hi^h a crown of gold rod, — 
Blborieli the little, ho jcrievcd for the maid:—' 
lu frunt of the crona \aj a mrbuncle stoDCi 
Tlmt tu the ro}*ul jnliuw like a Upcr shone. 

Elbericli (endeavour* to per«iiadi' lier to become n Christian, 
nnd espouac UtiiJt ; and to convince her of the incupocilr of 
hrr K^d*. he tiimhlcs their images into thn fosBO. Ovorooino 
by hia representations and her father's ilniiEier, tho princcsw, 
with her mother's consent, agrees to ned Uie moniuvh nhoni 
KIbcrich points out to her in the bnttle. and she gives her 
riujt to be conveyed to him. The Dwarf, tinptrrrvivcd, IcJidii 
her out of the city, nnd delivers her to her future husband, 
rtrictly forliidding all intercouriic between them, previous to 
the itiaiden's buptiaui.* Whrii tho old hcnlhcn mime* his 
daughter ho orders out his troops to recover her. Elburich 
liiwrti-nn to kiiit; Etiiw, nnd brings up the Christians. A 
hnttlo euHues : the tatter ore victorioua, and the princMS M 
hroiight to Suiiderd ; — ere they eiiibiu-k Elberich and Kliaa 
baptise her. and crc they rc-ached Messina " the uoble maidea 
wiw a wife," 

An yet :iot intimately actjuainted with ChrietinnilTi tiM 
young empress asks Otnit about his god, giving liun t^ 
Hnd«r«tw]<it that she knew his deity, who hod conte to her 
fatter'ato demand her for him. Otnit corrects her miatnkc, 

* 8e Olw wa in Tluuu de Bonltaui. 

OEEMAitr. 213 

telling Iior tliat the cnroj was mbcricli, whom *lio tiien 
desires to «<>«■. At the reqiic-st of OCnit the Dwarf reveala 
himseli'to the qiicen itnd court. 

Lon^ timo he refuiwd.— bo showei] him then a stone. 
TbM like unto the eun. nith the gold vlione ; 
Bub; aad curtiuarle mt the orown do rioh, 
Which upuu hia h«td Uuri- the little Elbui-ich. 

The Dwnrf It* thn ppoi'lo nil wto liim then, 

Tho]r (h'i^ii) Lri lock. u[t4iii liLii}. I>utli woiiicii tttid men t 

Ifuiir B f.ur ODCiinii with nmy inouLli Uicu mitl. 

" 1 wepu n tjiirur jienimi uo Bye h«lb o'er turvcy'4" 

nen Blberi«li the little n harp iiLiil hoH upon ; 
Foil rqriiUjr ho touched the striivipt evrry vne 
In vaxKota mauuro tlmt the linil did roenuad; 
All that him twbelil then, tliejr felt ■ joy profound. 

After givini; OtiiJl ftbuntlaiicp of richee, and coiinae.tiri^ 
ItiiD to T«miiiicrflt« tlioso who liad lost their relutires jii h'n 
eipeditiuii. Eiberich takes leave of the king. He then 
?aDi»hi?i*, and Jipponra no more. 

Otnit i* thc! iiutxt pIcvKiinj; ))»i'm in the Ili-ldenbiifh. 
Nothitig LMii be more uiniable tlian the cLunu-'ter of ihi- 
Dwarf, who io evidently the model ofObcTOu, Wo sny thin, 
because the probitbilitv in m«eh gre;iier thnt a I''reneh writer 
■hould have tiikeii u Du'tLrf from a (Sennoji ])(H-t, tlinii thnt 
the rcvirmu sliould li:ive occurred. The comiexion bettTeeii 
(he two work* njipcars indubitnble. 

An attempt lixui already been made to traee the orl^ii of 
Dwartii. and the hi^toriral theory respecting those of thi* 
I^orth rejected. A wmilnr theory hnj« been given of thow of 
tienniuiy. an hiring a |i<^>p!c ntibdueil betweea the fiflh aud 
teutli eenlurieB by a tialion of ^reaU-r power and size. 1'he 
Tan^uishcd fled to the motmtains. and eoneenled themselvcw 
in eavrmw, oidv occnsiniinllv ventiiriofi^ to ap|)fiir ; uiid heiicr. 
■nuonliMif lo iniM theory, tlie origin iif Dvtarf ^to^ieM. An 
wo re^urd them as an integrant part of Uotho-Uemiaii 
religion, we miirt reject this hypothet'i in the cue o^ 
Qcmuuiy oUo. 

Bi'tide Ihe Dwarfs, we meet in the Nibelungen I.ied with 
beings ttnawering to the Niips or Watcr-gpirits. When* t\w 
Burgunditina on ttirir Intal jniirncy to tlio court of Ktc, 
(Attiin) wnched thi? hunkii ot the iiiiijul»% they found that 
it eoulii uuL be crotiHed williout the aid »f boulM. Uaj]^n« 
ihen proceeded along the bonk in search of a ferrr- Sud- 
denly he heard a pl.-uhint; in tlic vtBtl^^,nnd on looking nmro 
eloni'ly li« saw some feuialea who were balliiiiK. He tried to 
uttsal on tliein, but thev eseapcd him and went hovering ovop 
thp river. He frHecrrilfd, howerer, in securing thi^ir i^lothif , 
and in fseliaiigp for tliem llic fenialen, wlio witu Wftt<.-rnui4tl« 
iMfrru-iper) prnmiaed to tell him the result of tbe risit to 
the court of the llunniith monarch. One of them then 
nniiird I Inih'lxirch ngmtirt'd hini of n nmspiTOUN twuc, on 
wliuh he r<Tton?d the ([annent*. But then another, named 
Sigelint toM him that Uadi-biirch had lied for the sake of 
tKe rliithi'!! ; for that in reality the event of the Ti«it would 
he rnoit dinantrons, ao only onu of the party would return 
alive. Klie also informed him where the fcrrv was, aud told 
him how they might outuit the ferryman anti K^t oror 

Wc eannot refrain from au»ipei-tmg that in the original 
lejrenJ tliese were Valkyrina and not Water-nympha, for 
the!>e laet would hanlly strip to K<' i"^" ^'>^ water, their 
native clement. In the prose introduction to the Eddaic 

tix-m of Voliindr we ari' told tlint he and hi" two elder 
rotheni weut to Witlfdale anil built tlieiiiselTen a houae by 
the water named Wolftiea or take, aud one morning early 
they found on the fhorr of the lake three women who wwru 
dpiniiiiif! llui: iM-sjiiu them wem lying their twan-drettea. 
'i hey were ■■ V'ftlkjriaa, aud king's daughters." The three 
hrothcri took them home and made them thrir wivea, but 
after seven years they flew away niid returned no miin'. ll 
is remarkable, that in the poem there is not the sliKhteet 
nllusion to the swan-dresses, though it relates the coming 
and the departure of the maidens. We are then to siippoMi 
either that th^-re were other rM)rms on the nuhjeet. or that 
theve dresses were so well known a vehiele that it 
dmmed needless to mention ihem. We are to snpmse also 
that it won by securing these drexnca that the brt-lEiere pre> 

te. U«l,Mt 



*ejitcd the doparture of tte maldt^uv, and tlinl it uriw by 
i*«iverin" tbem that thpy vera cnablt^d to effett their 
f»cjipo. In clicct in thp ticrmnn Icgcud of Wichtnt 
(Viiiiimir), the hero w-es thrc<! Joeft living In Ji »j)rini;, niid 
lu soon ua they touch the k'^""'! ''"-7 I'lfimio maiik'ns. 
Ho then H-cures Iht-ir clothes, and will iiol return them till 
ono of them rrniKents to become bin wife* 

Thb It-iti-iiil reaembk'ii the tale of th<! Stolen Veil in 
Musapu?. and those of the Pfri'wile and the Menniiid-wife 
rnUUnl nbnrc.t fn the Breton tnle of liisdavaret, or tbe 
Vanrvlf. we leiira that no one who heenuie a wolf could 
rMmne his human form, unless he could recover the clotlien 
which ho hnd put off previous to undergoing the tram- 
formation .{ 

Our readers iimy liVe tn see how the preface to the old 
pditioiis of tho lieldcnbuch »ccouut« for tbe origin of tbe 

" God," "nys it. " ([ave the Dwarfe being, because the litnd 
and the mountains were altogether waitte and uiicultiiated, 
and there was much store of silver and gold, and prtcioui 
trtoncs and prnHs rtill in the nioimtains. Wherefore God 
niaJe thi- Dwarfs vi-ry artful and wise, that thev might know 
cDod and evU ri;;ht well, and for what everything was i^ood. 
rhcy knew also for what stones were good. Some utoncm 
give grcnt utrcngth ; dome make thoiin who carry thnn about 
them iiiviiiihk'. that is wiled a miiit-clohe (jiebelkap) ; and 
therefore did Qod give the Dwarfs skill and wisdom. There- 
fore they built haodaomo hollow hills, and God gave thorn 
ridiet, et«. 

" God created the Giants, that they miftht kill the wild 
bcute, and tho great dragons (leurm), tliat tho Dwarfs 
might thcri^hj' be more wcure. But in a few years the 
Giants would tou much oppress the Dwarfs, and the Giants 
became altogether wicked and faithless. 

" Ood then created the IFerocs ; ' and be it known that 
Heroes were fur many years right true and worthy, and 

* (irimm, tlrul. M^thsl., p. SflH, HV, 
+ Sm ilmrft pp. m, 169 \ hnlnw, Irrlaml ; mil Oiinini, vt tap. p. i'i\S. 
TIh iwin^matv tiatt o«iir in IKc Anbun alM of J thintbUi uid lIuHn •! 
is TRbuLirn** Artbitn N'i^ni^ 

i Voitia de Mule do Kniiis,i. liTtSf. 

219 OKBIflST. 

th<<j tlien came tc the u<l of the Dwnrfs agaiast the faitlf 
!«« Oiants;* — God maiie them strong, aad their thoughts 
were of manhood, according to honour, and of oombats and 

We will divide the objects of German popular belief at 
the present day, into four classes: — 1. iJwarfe; 2. Wild- 
women ; 3. Kobolds ; 4. Niirs. 


F»n,(lirtl MIfh «^•'l'^11• mnrntnloM, 

Jtik ilkrf n^pbl lHn^rh4nvD; 
Ulth Od'nkiuil tor Ihnn Unbt 

SUM du iiua Ptl« orvuirtn. 

L.I Mom Foiqtn. 

I iluv tio IvnKCF iliy i 
An Etnn-rhllit Itinn •roiilJil ma HCl 
To itmia mm 4l hla n:r- 

Thebb l)piii(?> nrr ciillt'd Zwor(,T (Diearfii), Berg- and Erd- 
niiinlviii {Hill ii.iul Orovmi-amnTii kins), the Slille Volli (Sfill- 
Bfople), and the Kleino Volk {Littlr-peopU).* Tlie follow- 
ing account of the Still-ji(H)p!«> at Plcsse will give tliti popular 
iden resppctiiig tht^iti.f 

At Ptci^Be, a, ca&tle in the mountains in llosHe, are various 
Bpring*. wells, clcrtit and bolcn in the rocks, in which, accopd- 
TUg to popular tmdition, tlie Rwarfs, eaUcd the .Still -pl^ople, 
dwell. ITiey are dilelit arid beuefu'eut, ajid williiislv serve 
those who liave the good fortune toplentic theiii. if iiyurod 

* AfiDihrr l^rm ii Wirht and Its d&m- Wirhtleip, viiwpnnf Ca l)i» tfr^ndj- 
DAviui V»iir und iHci AngU-Sniuri vrOit. Kiigliftli vight, nil of wbirti Bi^irir 
a bring, % jmnoiL. mA aIkd k ilim|[ in friK^mL Tbiit our wottlv wt'jht ui4 

+ Sn Griiiiiu'i Dfuuohc 8i(«i, vA. L p. 3U. At Ihli wark u our diirf 
Mihortiy fur Iks P«rj Mj'iholog)' of Oennanf, am uinwritU ut In be toa- 
iMlertd u ^«it fmm il, unLwt wbcD «ibtrwiie fli|>nai*J 



ihoT vciit their ftnger, not on mnnldnd, liut cm tlin cuttle, 
whicti thvy plague and torment. Tbis subternuifau moo 
hu no proper coniniimication with laaDkiDd. but pass thi-ir 
Ktc* witliiD the earth, where their opftrtnientM niid cKumbcre 
■TV filled uith ^ild aud preiriouH stones. Slioiild occiuiion 
require their visit to the surface of the earth, thev m^^om- 
pliah the biisiness in the night, and not by day. ThiB IliH- 
pMplt' ureof flrsb and bone, like manliiiid,th«iy hr^nrehildren 
and die, but in addition to the ordinary faculties of humttnity, 
they liaTc the power of ni&biiie theuiselvfs invieiblu, aud of 
patwinff through roeks and vnlls, with the same fncilitv a» 
woukIi the air. They sometimoa nppenr to men, k'lid tdem 
with them uito cliftH, and if the Btrangurs prove agreeable to 
them, prcBont them with valuable gifts." 

CYlt ftiTf'ffxii at tfic Bflittc. 

Old people have positively nascrted thnt some venrs ago, at 
the ceVbrntion of n wedding in the village of Glass, a fimplo 
of miU-a from tho Wuiiderberg. and the wimo distance from 
the city of Saiticburg, there eamc toward evcnin" a little 
Ilill-man out of the Wmiderberg. He desired nil the 
guests to be merry and eheerful. aiiS l)egi;ed tu he permitt<(d 
to join in their danee, which retjiiest was ciot refused. Ho 
Moordiof^ly danced three dances with sonip of the maidens of 
l^ood repute, and with n emrefulnets that iiii>ptrcd nil prexent 
with admirntion njid delitlit. After the dauiee he rL-toriied them 
hi:< thnnli.i, ueeoinpaiuca by a present to e.ach of the bridal 
party of three pieces of money of an unknown t'oin, i-neh of 
which thcv estimali-d to hi! worth four ereut/.ers. Woreoter. 
he rcponi mended them to dwell in peace and concurd, to 
live like t'hriftlians, and, by a pious cduculion, to brine up 
their children in goodness. lie toid t'leni to lay up tlK-«e 

* Ih l.iL*Alii (|jLiiivE»> if unl in Lhr ml nf flnrmanj', the wno Mr4 nf titm 
Dfrftrfa b'lTiff fdErn nTi];i^li, prnvvk v in olhrr CDUulrin : kc Ihii ulc of tb« 
FBiriet'-ulrtifilli tn lUr wni-li qual«il iibitTr, p- 170, 



mina vith their maanj, and ooutiuitly to tliink of liim. and 
to they woold nrelf «onic to di«trn«i -, but warned tLem 
l^i^iuft boronting praud, nnd lulviKcd them, on tli« coiitntfj', 
to rdisre tlieir uf-ifiliboura w itii llicir su[>erfluilirt. 

The Ilill-iDfin remained with tliom till ni;>lit, and took 
romc mrat mid drink from each iw tlicy oiTvrcd it to him, 
but onlr vrry little. He tlicii niuewi'd hiii tliankn, and eon- 
ctudc^d by begging of oue of the coupau^ tu put him oror 
the mcr SnUm-h, opposite t'lo moimtam. Thoiv was at tb« 
wedding a boiitmiut, named Jiihn Standi, who got ready to 
comply with tltu dmufa n.i{UL-at. and they weitt lo^rcthtr to 
the watfr'a^dge. Aa they nere crossing, the man anke-d for his 
payniont, and the hiimhly pn-wnlcd him thrriN 
peiici'. The botilman tilttrly rejertt-d this paltry paymcut ; 
out the little mau gave hun for answer, t)iat he atioiUd not 
let that annoy him, bat keep the thrc<^pcnco ssfe, and he 
would never vuffer want, provided \\o put n n^straint on 
arrogance. He f^ve him ut tht: eamc timt!, a little stone 
with these words : " lUng this on your nwk, and you will 
0»ver be drowned in the water." And of this he had a 
proof that very year, rinally, the Hill-mnn pshortcd him 
to lead a pioiiR niid humble life, and being liiniled on tho 
opposite bonk, departed apeedily from the place.* 

CI)! KianxCtSttM. 

There appeared in the night to one of the Coiuita von Hoya, 
an eitreinciv smiLll litlte maiL The count was uttorly 
amazod at huii, but he bid him not to be frightened ; iiaid 
he had a roi^iieit to make of him, and entreated that be 
might not be rL-funed. The eouJit gave a willing assent, 

Siuuificd with the urorision, that the thing n-^jnesled should 
e a m.itter whivli lay in bin power, and would not bo 
injurious to him or hia! The little man then said, " There 

* Tlili ule i> fJHn bj MM. Giimia, tnm ihe DHxnm VoUituch. 1T89L 



wiU come tomorrow night eome people to thy bouse, and 
make n fiiMt, it' tliou will lend them tliv kitchen, anil linll 
ror U long At they want thorn, nmi uriicr thy ni-rvuiitn to go 
lo sluop, and no uue to look at whul they are (ining or am 
•bout : and aNo let no one know of it but thyitelf ; only do 
this and wi; i>!i:ill bo gmtctul to thee t'ur thy coiin«'»y : thou 
and thy liimily will uu tho bvtti-r of it; nor will it be in 
any way hurtful to thoB or thine," Tbu count ivHilily 
gaTO his consent, nnd nn the fiillowini,' night thei-e eiiinc, iw 
if thisy wctv u iniveUiiig piirty, over th« briilgi; into tho 
huusu a great crowd of little people, eiaotly sue!) as tho 
llill-maiuiikins aif dewribed to be. They cooked, cut up 
wood, iind bid out the diahi-s in the kitcheu, luid Imd evi^ry 
aj)pcaruuc«i ot' being about preparing a great cntei'taiu- 

When it drew orar the morning, and they were about to 
tttko their dejiarlurL', the little niiiu cnmc ngniu up to tbu 
connt, and with mauy thanks, presented him a sword, a aak- 
iDUider-cloth, and a golden rirg, in which th<iro was ius^rted 
a red-lion, with diR-etiona for himself and hiu descendant* 
to keep th«M thrM: artioh-j safe ; and so Imig ns they kept 
them loj-ttber all would be at unity and well iu the couutv. 
but as Boi n a* they were sepnmtcd from eneh other it would 
b« a tokrn that there was evil coming on the county : thu 
red lion too would always become pale when ono of the 
(iunily wn to die. 

They » ere long preserved in the family j but in tJie timo 
when coiinl Jobnt and his brothers were in their minority, 
and Krai cis von llidle wa* governor of the laud, two of the 
srticlos, tho sword and the salaiiiaudcr-eloth, were taken 
kway, but tbe ring rcmaiued with tho family until they 
become utiiict. >Vhat ban become of it (once is unknown.* 

* Rilniiil ij tlammclmuia In ill* Oldeatiuri ChnnirU, Ij PnkUinui, 
BilDtfr, (L 4 Khcn. 

no omufivT. 

C^ ^frif nkli! iSioMxtt, 

CtosB to the little town of Vordciticim, botwran Ilalbe^ 
Btadt and Uruusirick. is « spring of tlit- finest wntcr called 
tho Hinannboni, ntid wliich lluws out uf a, hill in which in 
old tiintii the dwHrla dwelt. Wheii the former iixhahiianln 
of the I'otuitrv were in want of a liolidny- dress, or. at tt 
family festicnl. of anv rnrc utensils, they went itnd »tnod 
bcfoH! tliio Dwurf-hilf, kuuiiki-d tlire« times, luiil jiroitouuocd 
their petitiou in a disliuct and audible tone, adding, 

Bcforti till? viiTi JHiip to-ut^rrow. 

At iJiO liili thill Iw tlia lliiuf^ we borrow.* 

The Dwarfs thought themselves sufficiently compensated if 
there was only some of tho festive victuals ect down before 

tho hill. 

tSOtWinS'Sf!*'* of tt)c fttttif JpafU. 

Ths littU- [wople of the Kilenhiirg in Sniony had oecarion 
to celehmt* a weddiiif;. mid with tlint iiileiit jiiuwrd one 
night through the key-hule aiid the window-idita into the 
ca»tle-hu]l, nm! jumped down on the smooth level floor liko 
[leaa ou a barn lioor. The noise awoke the old count, wlio 
was sleeping in the hall in hiB high four-poet bi'd, and on 
opening hi^ eyes, ho wondered not a little at tb« sij;ht uf 
■uch a number of the little fellows. 

One of them Hpparelei) as a hemhl enniC! up to him, and 
addre^iiiK him wilh tbe utmost eourtesy and in vei^ )iolit« 
t«rms inviled him toshnre in tlieir festivity, " We, however," 
added he, " liuve one request to mnkr, nhieh i», that you 
■lone sbouU be preteu^ and that none of your ]ieop]« 

Frlkhmor^mi tk iit< $rmn avfrjrht 
iScAm atltt TOT lirm Utti/t WM(. 



■KnuM |)reaiiiDe lo look ou with ^«u, or to <Mut so much m 
uiie ^kiice.'' Th« old count aiiBivercd in » fneiidlj tone, 
"Since you hnri! dlatiirbcd my nlpcp, I will join your com- 

tmny." A little siiiull wonimi u'u.i now iiitriiiliu^cd to liim; 
ittle torcb-bearera took tiitir |iliu.'C!i ; and cricket-inuiiio 
struck up- The count toil rid proat tiilGctiJty to keep from 
iMtng the little notnan in ilta ilnnrr, «hc jiinipod nirjiy tixi n 
him woligbtly, and nt lual uhirli-d him utiuut ut rucIi a ruU» 
that ho could with diflicidty recover hix breath. 

Hut in the VPTV miHdJe of their spritcly dancp, iniddriily 
nil lnTcanit' still, thy iimsic ceiwed, and Iht- whole company 
hurried to thii slits of the doors, mouse-holes, tuid every- 
where cljM> where there was n,' corner to slip into. The 
bridi'-pnir, the hi-ralds, and dimccrs, looked upwnrdu to a 
hole that waa Ui the ceiling of the hall, aud there diaeovt-red 
the face of the old coimtcim, who ovorflowine with curiosity, 
WM looking domi on tin? joyous a.^scnibly, T.'icy then 
bowed IhcniBelvea before the cumit, and the person who bud 
invited him ato])t forward ogoja and thanked Uiiu for the 
hospitably lie had shown thi-tn : " l!ut," said he, "einco our 
wedding and our fontivity lii» bei-ii thug disturbed by another 
eye gaeuig on it, vour nica ahaU he net forward never count 
more than aeven l^lenbiirgs." They then preasod out afW 
one another with great speed, and soon all v«a silent, nnd 
the old count alone in the durk hall. Thu curse has lusted 
till the present time, and one of six living knights of 
iiiJcnburg bos always died before the seventh was born.* 

#m(t(i Sirrdirt. 

Or the cart *ido of the Dwarf-hiU of Dardesheim there is a 
piece of arable land. A smttb named liieehert hud vown 
this field with pen»; but bo observed that when they were 
nut in prrfcttion they were i>ul!ed in great quantitieii. 
Biechert built luniaelf a little hut uu lua ground, thcro to 

* Till* UiU wRt acull^ riTirril t4i M \f. Qriann la BAj4ny, Thvr Jo no 
Btcntiua il» uuimliri't mik in life. 



lie in wait for tlie tlti«f; aod tbere be vatcked day and 
ui^bt. In (he daj'time he coiild see no altenliou. but cfcrj 
nomini^ be found titat, nntnithiitaiidiiif; «U bis vaichfuloesa, 
th» firlil liad bii-ii |]lu»dt-ivd duno); the nigbt. Vosod to 
tbe hi-iul at »c.'<!m;f ibat all bis labour waa in raia, be deber- 
mined to thresh out <>ti tho i^roiind vrhat nrnaiDcd of iht 
pcM. Hn with the daybreak Smith Biechcrt comnwDCMl bis 
work. Hurdljr ww one half of bts peas tbrfBb(>d wlicn be 
heard a piteous wailing, and on going to look for tite cause, 
b« found on th« gmiinil under tbe peu otu! of t\» dmar& 
whotOKkull he hiid rsp|>eil with bis ftail, uid who wa* now 
Tisible, bavio^ lost his mist-cap with the blow. Tli« Dwarf 
ran back into tho htll a* laA an his l<^ eoiild carrr him. 

llmrrvrr, little tifls lik^ this disturbed but for a vciy 
nhurt tiTii« the j^ood underfttandinj; of t!ie Dwarf-jieoule and 
tbe inhabitant*. But the Dwarf* etiiii;rated at last, becauM 
thu triclu and MwHi of aereral of tlie inb:ibitimt:« were 
beeomA do km^er bearable, w well as tbeir iiigniLitudo for 
Boreral aerrices they bad rendered them. Siuce that time 
no one has over heard or seen an^hing of tbe Dwarfs ia 
the on^bourhood. 

BlDBrU ^(riling Com. 

Tli not very long sinc« tbere were Dwarf* at June new- 
(}otting«'n. who used to go into tlio fields oud steal the 
sheaves of com. This they weii- nhle to do the more easily 
by meuiiH of a eap they wore, wbicli niiule them inrimbk). 
Iley did much iujurj- to one miui iu partieukr who hod a 
great de-al of com. At length he bit on a plan to catch 
them. At noon one duy be put a rope round the fieJd, and 
when the Dwarfs went to creep under it. it knocked oif their 
caps. Beins now vigiblc. tlu-r wnri' emight, Tliey Rave him 
many fair word*, prominintt if be would tnke .tnay the rope 
to givi! him It peck (mrfi*) of money if lie camo to that 
tame place hr/vre tunri*e. He agrwd. but a friend whom 
be eoHPutted told him to go not at suorise but a little before 



twelve at niglit, as it wm at thnt hour tlint ttio Ait really 
b(^g3ii. IIl' iliil na directed, and thetn ho found thu l>wariil, 
who did uot i-xpect liiiii, witli tlie peck of money. The 
uiiitio of ttie fftitiUy that got it ia ilctteus, 

A farmer in another part of the enuntry bring nnnoycd 
ill n nimilur muiirier, was told to get willow-rodn Udd bent the 
air with thein. and he thu^t would knock of some of their 
CBp» and discover them. Ho and lii* neopip did no, nnd the* 
t»[ituri!d one of tint Dwarfs, who told the funiiiT thiit if hi" 
would let liiui K'^, he would give him a waggon. load of 
money, but iic must oomp for it before nunriec. At the same 
tim<! he infomii-d hini where his ahodo was. The fhroirr 
liaviuf> i-lif|uired nheu the una really rose, uud being told 
at twelve o'tloek, yoked hia waggon and drove oft', but when 
ho <-amc to tlio Dwarfs' hole, he heiu^ them shouting and 
■iugiug nttbin: 

It ii good Ihal Uie bumpkin ftoUi not know 
Tlint up tt twelve Uiu aun dutli g'l.* 

When he aaked for something, thoy ahowed him a dead 
ip, and bade him take it with him, n* they eould give 
him nothing else. Uo was very angry at this, but an he 
wanted food for his dogs, he cut off a large piece aud laid 
it on his waggon. But when he came home, lo ! it was all 
pur<! gold. OtheTH then went to the [>hkce, but both hole 
•nd horse bad nui:s)i«d.t 

9outatji of StDBiU Dbtr t^t jHoiuiUfn. 

Ok the north aide of the Ilartx there dwelt several tliouaauu 
Dwarfa in the clefts of the rocks, and in the l>warf-cavca 
that still remain. It wax, hotvcver, but ran.4y that thej 
npiMurcd to tlic uilmbitauta ui a vieible form ; tbey gcoeraUy 

* Vat it gaui ilai dt l-Srrkem dot nuA imU 

Dot dt ncHiM Brn taiiliei dji gat. 

t Orinai, Dtnt. MjUwUp. 431. fioib Itgudi us in tlis lioir*Sua> 



went nliniit nmoii^ thrm pratevtefl tiy their Kut-cnpc, 
uium-'o ajid uiiiidlicMl. 

Slniiy of ttiese Uwart^ we» good-natured, and, >d par- 
ticulnr oi-iMJ'ii>iii!, vcrj- obliging to the inhsbit^ntu, wlio uwd, 
for inKtikiicc. ID cnaa nf a wt-ildtng or a christening, to borrow 
Tiu-ioua Hrtii'leii Tor t!ru table out of the eavoa of the Dwarfit, 
it wa«. however, highly impmdent to provoke their resent- 
nipnt ; no when iiijumd or offended, they were m.-Jicious aud 
wiekfd. und liid even- poRxible injury to the offender. 

A baker, who lived in Uie fallej- becwceu Blenkenburg 
and Quedlinbur)*, used to remark that a part of tbf loaves 
he baked unn nlwRVs miming, thoii;;h he never eould find out 
the thief. This continual M^eRTt tlielV nna f;mduttllv ruducioff 
him to poverty. At ia<it be began to sunpeL-I the l.>warfa of 
bcoDg tnc eauMo of hui mistbrtune. Ho accordingly cot n 
buncn of little twigx, and bi-nting the air nith them in all 
directions, at length nlruck the niist-capii off sonic Dwarfs, 
who could now conceal themBelvea no longer. Thera was a 
great noine made about it ; several other Dwarfs wcro 
cancht in the net of committing theft, and at ln»t the whole 
of the Dwarf- i>L'iipIi' were forci-d to quit the ciiuntry. In 
order, in soiiic decree, to iiidt.-muify the uiliahiljints for 
whnt had been stolen, and at the same time to be able to 
ertiiniite thi- numher of those that di-iiarted, a liirge CB»k 
was Bet up on what ia now eallud Kirebtji-rg. near the village 
of 'I'helo, into which each Dwarf was to cast a piece of 
money. I'ldn e-isk was found, after the departure of the 
Dwarfs, ft be quit* filled with aneieut eoiiiu, so great was 
their number. 

The I Iwnrf-people went by Wnmstadt, a village not Imc 
from Quedlinburg, still going toward the euat. Since that 
time tliH Uwarfa liave disuppeured out of this country ; and 
' now and then that a solitary one mar be seen. 

lonly : 

Tliu Dwarfs on the south side of thu Hartt were, in a 
similar niaiiuer, detected plundering the com-ticlds. They 
also acrecd to quit the countrr, and it was nettled that 
thcv snuutd pa«is over a small bridge near Neuliof, and that 
eaeli, by way of transit-duty, should cast a certain portion 
of his property into a cask to be set tbcPc. The peaaanta, 
on thou part, covenanted not to appear or look at them. 

'nlw, however, had the carioeity to conceal themsolvea 
under tlic bridge, thnt they might nt le-ast liear them dcpart- 
uig. They micui^t-dfii m tUirir design, and lieard during 
aeferal Iiotira, the trampling of the little men, iiuundiiig 
•nctly M if a large dock of >hcep nsa going orer the 

Oth«r accounte of the departure of the Dwarfs relate as 
follows ; — 

The Dosenberg is a raoiiiitain iii llesge on the Sidiwalra, 
in which, not far from the bonk of the stream, are two holes 
by which the Dwnria* iiix-d to go in Bud out. One of them 
caiuu frequently in a frieudly wuv to the grandfather of 
Tobi in singlis, when he was out in bia fields. As he was 
ono day cutting his ooru he asked him if he would the acxt 
:ht, for ft good sum of mciney, take a freight over the 
tiver. The farmer agreed, aud m the evening the Dwtirf 
brought him n sncli of whe-at as an earnest. Foiir horses 
were then put to the wnggfln, and the fnrnier drove to the 
DoNonberg, out of the holes of which the Dwurf brought 
beavy, but invi«ible loads to the waggon, which the farmer 
then drove through the water over to the other eide. Hi' 
UiuM kept going bockwanls and forwards from ten at uight 
till four in the mornin«, by which time the horses wore 
quite tired. Then wiid the Uwart', " It ia enough, now vou 
nhiill see what you hiivu been cartying!" lie bmle nim 
look over bis right shoulder, and theu lie saw the country 
Giraiid near fllled with the Dwarfs. "Tliese thouKand years, ' 
then Slid the Dwarf, " have we dwelt in the Dosenbi-rg ; 
our time is now up, and wo must go to another laud. But 
the hill ii still so full of monev that it would suffice for 
the whole country." He then loaded Tobi's waggon with 
moucy and departed. The farmer had difficulty in bring- 
ing home so heavy a load, but ho became n rich man. Hu 
powterily are Btill wealthy people, but the Dwarfs have disr 
appeared out of the country for ever. 

At OfTenseii on the A]ler in Lover Saxony, lived a great 

* The Wrnn ati In (ha niiisil u« Wieiteininntr IficAaliniiMwrieicn, 
■Dd WidMl 


fknuM", whiHie luune was IlirrtTrmiinn. He faad a boat 
the riv^r ; and one day two Utllo people came to him And 
Mkod him to put them over the water. They went twioo' 
oTor the Aller to a great tract uf laiul that is esUed Hm 
AUerA,* which is an uncuttirati^d plain oiteuiting so wido 
•Q() far that one can Imrdly see over it- When the fiinner 
hiul cniKxed the s«coud time one of the Dwarfs ntd to him, 
'' Will you haTo dow a nuni of moitej or so much a head?" 
" 1 'd rather have a sum of money," said the larmer. Ono 
of thi'm tnnk off hia hot and put it on the faniiAr's bead, 
Hiid Bikid, " Yi>u 'd have dune better to have taken so muh 
n hciul," Th« farmer, who had as yet seen nothing lad 
wlinmi bont had gone »a if thrrn wa!i nothing in it, now 
beUi^hi the whole Allerfl swarmttig (/crimmelu iw icimmellti) 
with little men. These wer« tlio UwaifH that he had brougbl 
orer. From thnt time forward the Hovermnnnc had tot 
greatest plenty of monev, but they are all now dead and 
gone, uuii thu nliice ia soM- But wheu wa& this ? Uh '. in 
the old time when the Dwarfa were m the world, but now , 
there 's no more of them, thirty or forty yean ago<t 

nc BU»arf< Uorroliiins 3BrFlV. 

Albekt STTrriL, ^ed seventy yean, who died in the vcar^ 
1680, nod liana Kohmaun, aged thirty-six, who dioa in 
1870, two honeal, veracious men, fn-quciitly declared thai 
as one lime Kohmanu's gnuidfalher was working in hit 
ground which lay in the neighbourhood of the pWe called 
the Dwarl's" hole, and his niie had brought out to the field 
to liiin for liis breakfast some fresh buked bread, and hitd 
laid it, tied up in a napkin, at the end of the field, there 
came up soon after a little Dwarf-woman, who ajiuke to him i 

* Th( Sixoo S iHiu 10 uinrfr id tfaa Aoflo-Suaii Ij, Iriib InUi m*-\ 
Mn", Irttattd, ' 

r OnonD, t>t ». Mjihd., p. 498. Ths luM Morr it la tha Law-8u«a 





■bout Ilia bread, enjiug, that li«r own was in the otcd, snd 
thftt her children were hungry nnd coiitd not wait for it. 
biit that if he would give lu-r hU, nhti wciuld bti certain 
to replace it by noon. The man cons(iutcd, and at noon 
»ho returned, spread out a vciT white littlt: cloth, and !aid on 
itn smoking hot louf, and witn nianv thaiiku and cntn-utinii 
told liiui be might eat the broad without any apprvhciiBion, 
and tb&t she would return for the clolh. lie did n« ehf 
dotlred, and when iilie returned she told him that tbcrt- 
had been so many forges eivcted that dw was ijiiite annoyed, 
nnd would be obliged to depart and abandon her farouritc 
dwt^Uing. Slie also said tlmt the shuckiug cursing iiud svii^ar- 
ing of Um people drovo her nway, us also the profnnation of 
Sundaj, la the eountiy people, instead of going to clnirch, 
lued to go look at ibeir fields, wbioli wh altogether 

dit (T^inacltng. 

«B« the Iwlief, in some porta of Gemany, thnt if a child 
t was not thriving were taVen to s phu-e named Cyriac's 
Mead, near Ncuh.iuscn, and lell lying there and given to 
ilrink out of Cyriiu:'s Well, at the end of nine days il would 
either die or recover. 

* In Soa^naTta ill* TVwwfi uiiJ to bAnwo b»r, etin ■ b*nvt ml ■ thnr, 
«bj4li nnft of Ibstb mafil rmty nS nn hit itiouldt^rVi Tli^fl« L Vlt. In Ibt 
Hiiflilinfti ftf S»tlui], ft fltloi (}f mval- In *U (v4-« thtrj paij hoiittilj". On 
uiLc ■K-.£aiEui4,KUw>rfcBna to a Ivly timmrU Km (iVrr-) Alrll^ of O^r^unl, la 
JulIuiiI. and takcd bcr la lenU hrr *ilk guwn in Km ^fcllc pf Uniirf^amrd, tot 
hst atdilinf. She g»c It, bin u il ttt nol Rlunifl u xxin u ihn ri]iril«d, 
tLo vfot ta ibt hilj Abit dfiDiLndci] U aloud. *rb« luil'iniii Urouihl il itat la 
her Hi »|Htllbl vilh rift], and loM her flial if <Ui^ liad not liHn au iiotiiliriik 
OTTtr apol on il iflflijtt Lavfl been a diamnnij, 'I'liirl'' ii). 4B, 

Thu Vrodi of LUniliiifi, nn an inld. rallnJ ilin iitiitr'Hiwind fulW Qtlnoiii 
fHviD pvro, bill], and tliff hilla an •til] »h<twn in wbirh Ihpy dirf It. Tht^ 
usd U botnor brfail rrnBi pftiffic; llitj (uuuuilad tbvjr dcairv inviflM^, anil 
pwpU uard 10 Ixj il for llinm DVEMdn ot Huti doqr. In ihii rTrnin^ itwj 
fcluriacd II, kuufkiiii al fha i^iiiilow, and Jcaviug an aJdilional laka to txpiv 
ihrit Iliukfulncia. tlilmtu, ticil. M}ll»il., ji. i'2^ 




T)ie butleir anJ cook of one of the ■piritutil loHs of Gef 
ID&i))', witboiit being married. h»(! n cliilfl, which kept crying 
day nnil night, mid i-vtirmort! oraviti|( fur fgotl and yet il 
twTcr (trew iiiir tbrovi". It was flually reaolvpd to tn' on it 
the efi'ect of Cyriac's Merwi. anii the mother set out for th«l 
plnee with thn i:liil(l im her btwk, whose wi^ight was no ervat 
tliut Hhu hunUy could fudure it. Aa ah« was totling along 
under her burxl«'u. she met a trnTclling sttidrat, who sail) to 
htr, " My good woiniin, whnt *ort of a wild crrntiirots that 
Tou ntv corryiiig? I should uol woudt-r if it wen- 14> cruith 
in your uetk." She replied that it was her dear child wliidi 
would not grow nor thrive, and thnt nhe wa» taking it to 
Nouhnunpn to Iw ritekrd. "' But," aiiid hf, " thnt is not 
your ehild ; it is the dcTil, Fling it into the strt-aio." But 
she refuBcd, and maiiitnined that it tro* her child, and kiaaed 
il. Then said hf, "Your child i* at home in thi- inner bed- 
room in a HL-w cradle behind the ark. Throw, J tt-tl yon, 
Ibis monster into the stream." AVith maiiv t«ars and groaiu 
the poor woinun at length did as he required and ininiedialt>ly 
then; wa» heard under the bridgu on iKhich ibcT were 
a landing a howling and a growling aa if wolves aua bcur> 
were in the plai.'e. When the womnn reached home she 
found her own child healthy and lively and luughing in it* 
■lew cradle. 

A IleHHiau legend t^Us that as a woman wrs reaping com 

at the I town berg,* «ith her little child lying near heron 
the gniuiid. a Dwarf-woman (leifhfelwcii) came and took 
it and left her own lying in it« stead. When the mother 
eniiie to look nfttr her dear hnhe ft great ugly iolt^rhead 
waji thi^ru gaping at her. She cried out and roared Murder! 
so lustily that the thief came back with the child, Dut she 
did not restore it till Iho mother had put the chwigeiing ba 
her brcaat aad givm it some ennobling huinou uiilk.t 

There woa, It is aaid, in Prussian Saniland, an inn-keeper 
whom the uoderground folk had done many good turns. It 
gncved him to ace what bad elothcH they had, and \w dc-nircil 
hia wife to leave new little ooata for tliem. They took the 




f GHmm, Dcub Mjthol., p. 437- 



new c1oth«8, but cried out, " Paid off! Pali "^T!" and went 
kll sway. 

Atiothcr time tliey envtr g;rwit holp to a poor iriiiilh, will 
f.rwy night tlit-y iiiaJi* braji-u^w poto, puns, ki-llles atid 
pUkt«8 for iiiui. His wife used Uj .cnvc soior- milk IVir thcin, 
ou wbi<'}i tliev It'll like wnlrc.i, nnil draiiidl tbi-< vcssi't tu the 
botbiin. auil tlieu cleaned it and went to their work. Wlieu 
the smith Lad grown rich by means of tliem. bis wife mado 
for cacli of them n pretty little rwi "iiit nnd rap, and IciV 
ibcm iu tli(.-ir wuy, " Piiid off! I'uid off!" cried they, 
nlipped on the new clotbett, and went away without working 
the iron that was lell for tbcm, mid never returned. 

There was a beuig named a Scrat or Sebrat, Schrfttel, 
Schretlcin.t This naino is ii»od in old OermRu to tmnslnte 
pitcjnu in the imrrativra of thiiM! who wrote in Latin, and it 
aeeitiH somefimea to dejiote a lloude' souiBtiines a Wood- 
apirit. Terms oiinilnr to it nro to be found in the eognaI« 
Inngungea, nud it is pi-rhnpH the origin of Old Scratch, a 
popular English name of th<! deviL 

There is, chiefly in Southern Gerniftny, a spncics of beings 
that greiUly nvcmlile tb<! Dwarfi. Thry nrv cidlcd Wicht- 
leiu (Liltlt^ Jt'ufhtJi), and are about three quarters of au ell 
high. Their appearance is that of old men with long boards. 
Thry hnunt tlic minen, anil nri- drriiNrd like minium, with a 
while boiid lo their »birlB iirul UnitbiT upniuB, mid are pro- 
vided with lanl«rns. uialibts, and hunimers. Tfi^y auiuse 
thcmselvrs with pelting tbu woi'kmen with small stones, but 
do them no injury, eivept wlutn they arc abused and vuninl 
by them- 

Thcv show thomselies most especially in places where 
then: ■■ uti aburidnnm of on:, nnd the miners are always 
glad to mre tlieiu ) thry l!il abuiit in the pits aud shafts, and 
appear to work very bard, though ttioy in reality do 
nothing. Sometinu'o they seem a» if working n vein, nt 
other times putting the ore into buckets, at other limes work* 
iiiK st the uiudiasH, but aH is mere show. They frequently 
mU, and when onn comes there is no one to bo aoeiL 

■ Orimia, IkDi. Hirllol., p. 4S3. 
+ Sk nrimin, nl np^ f. t<7 ttf 

SW okumavt. 

At KuUeaburg, in Bohemia, the Wicbtlctn hvn betn 
»OFn in f^reiit numbers. T)icy uuiiotinc^u tUo deatli of ■ 
miner by itiiotkiug three tiiues, and when any niiafortuDe ia 
about to happen they are heard dicging, pouDdlng. and 
Imitating nil nthn- kinds of work. At tinios thoy make m 
noiae, ns if they -nvrv smiths labouring very hard at tlie 
anvil, hence the Bohemians call them llaueOJchiaiedicin 
i^IAtlte Iloutr-iimilh*). 

In Iitria the ininera net, erery day, in a particular flaee, a 
little put with food in it for them. They alao at certain 
times in each venr buy a tittle r«d cont, tno sit.o of a •matl 
boy'R, and mAc thr Wichtlcin a present of it. If they 
De);leut tliia, lliu little people grow very angtr.* 

Tn Southern Germany they beltero in a species of betnga 
Romewhat like the Dwarfu, called Wild, Wood. Timber, aud 
kloBS-people. These i;encrally live together in society, but 
they sflmctjm(» appear singly. They nro atitall in stAtnre, 
yet somewhat larger than the Elf, being the sixe of childreD 
of llireo yeoTV, grey and uld-lookiog, hairy and clud lu moea. 
I'he women are of a more amiable temper than the men, which 
last live further baoi in the woods -, they wear greca clothes 
iaixA with nn\, and cocked-hats. The women come to the 
wood'Cutt^m and ask them for something to eat : Ihey abo 
tako it away of tiicmselves out of the pots ; but tbey always 
Biake a return in some wav or other, otWn by giving good 
advice. Soiucluees they help people in tlirir cooking or 
WMihine and haymaking, and they feed the cattle. They 
arc fond of coming where people am baking, and bog cf them 
to bake for them also a jiiecB of doiigh the siie i>f half jt 
mill-stone, and to leave it in a ceitniu place. They BOme- 
timea, iu return, brii^ some of their own baking to the 
plonghman, which they lay in the furrow or on tho plough, 
and they are greatly offended if it is rejected, Tlie wood- 
woman sometimes comes with a broken wheel-bnrrow, and 
begs to have the wheel rrpaired, and she pays by the cliipa 
which turn into gold, or ahe gives to knitters a, bull of tliread 
which is never ended. A woman who good-naturedly gave 
her breut t« ■ crying Wood-child, was rewarded by its 

* DaolKbr S*^d, baa Piwuniu., Jkjrlcol*, uid ttlMt^ 

owA Rro. SSI 

mother hy n gift of 1^ Wk on which it vos l^ng- 8hc 
bnikc a iipliiil^r off it And thrfiw it into her fitggot. ttnd im 
reaohiD|r ttotao she fouud it wan pure gold. Tlit-tr lives ure 
attnchpa. like those of the UaiiiAaryuls, to the trees, and if 
nny one causes by friction the inner bark to loosen a Wood- 
wumaa diea. 

Their Rreat eueniy is the Wild- Hunts man, who driving 
invifriMj- throuffh the oir pursues and kills them. A pen- 
Mnt nii« lime FieariiiE the usual baying and choeriug in a 
wood, would join in the cry. Next iiiomiug he found hang- 
ing at his Htable-door a quarter of a green Moss-woman as 
hi* >hin! of the gome. "When the woodmen are felling 
timber they cut three crosses lu a spot of the tree that is to 
bo hewn, and the Moss-women sit in tho middle of theso 
and BO are safe from the Wild-Huntsman.* 

The following account of the popular helief iu the parta 
of Germany Hdjocrat to Jutlana has been given by a htt« 

In Fricsland tli« Dwarfs are named Oennereeske, in iiom« 
of the iskuda Oenuerhiinake, and in Holsteiu Unnerorake.l 
The same stories arc told of thorn as of the Dwarfs ana 
Fairies elsewhere. They take awav, and keep for long ])eriods, 
girU with whom they have fallen ui love ; tkoy steal childreu 
and leave changelings in their Bt«ad, the remedy against 
which is to lay a bible under the child's pillow; they lend 
and borrow pots, plates, and such like, sometimes lending 
money with or even without interest ; they aid to huild 
houses and churches ; help the peasant when his cart luiA 
stuck in the mire?, and will bring him wnt<T and paacikut 
tti refresh him when at work in the fieldn. 

* arimai,IVQt.Mrt}iol.,t>I>.4S1.WI. 
+ Kshl, Die Munefaea ooil IcukId dsr H*nagibUntT Scblnvlf m1 

{ TbcH lermi aU ilgnliy Undatnumt /oik. 



V^t BUart ftuAiniS. 

A roon girl iroDt out onp day and ns slie nna passiug by 
a bill >he heard a Dnritrf linmmcring Bwa^ intide of it, for 
IhvT nre handy smiths, aud siii^iiig &t his work. She was 
HA pleased with th« »on^, that she could not retrain from 
niftluDg atoud tlint ehe could sing tike him, and lire like him 
under the grouud. Soiuvi-lv had she exprrsied the wish 
when the singing censed, and a voice came out of the hill, 
aayiug, •■Should tou like to live »-ith usF" "Tobcsurel 
■hould," replied the cirl, who prohnhly had no rcry happy 
life of it alwve ground. Instaidiy the Dwarf came out of 
the hill and made a declaration of love, and a proffer of hta 
hand and a share in his subternuic-an wealth. She acecpted 
the offer and Uved rery comfortably with him, m bo prorod 
n excellent little husband. 

Xnjtc III Kjuttum. 

Tbc Friesloncl girls are, however, rather afay of theaematehes, 
and if they hare unwarilT been drawn into aa cngig*- 
ment they try to get out of it if they powibly can. 

A girl nantcd Lnge of Bantum had some way or other 
got into an engagement with one of the L'niVrground 
people. The wedifiug-dtty wsa actually fixed, and »he conid 
only be released Irom her bond on one condition — that of 
being able, before it come, to tell the real name of her lover. 
All her efforts to that effect were in vniu, the dreaded day 
was last approaching and she fell into deep melancholy. On 
the mominc pf her weddijig-riny she went out and strolled 
in sorrowful mood through the fields, saying to herself, aa 
•he plucked some llowvrs, " Far happier are these flowera 



than I." Ab >he was rtoopiug to gut tier them, she tliuught 
ahe heard a noise under the grouud. She listened and 
TSCiwnised it ns the voice oi her inver, who, in the fxcoHS of 
fcia joj at the arrival of Uia wpJdin^-day, was froiifkiiig and 
niu^iiig, " To-day 1 must bake and boil and ronat and broil 
ana wash and brew ; for this is my wedding-day. 5Iv bride 
IB the fair Inge of Riiuluni, and tny namo i» Ekko NekKejiein. 
Hurmli 1 Nobody knowa that but mysolf ! " "Aye, but J 
know it too 1 " said Ingr softly to herself, and she placed 
her nosegay in her boaom and vteot home. Toward uven- 
ioK caine the Dwarf to claiui hia bride. " Many thanks, 
dear Ekke Nekkepem," said slio, "but if you plcaao 1 would 
rather stay where I am." The smiling face of thi? bride- 
groom grew dark as thunder, hut he rccolleeted how Le 
Had div^gcd hia ae4:ret, and saw that the affiiir waa past 

The Ku of Jutland Is called Pukt in I'Hesland. Like 
him he vears a poiat«d red c&p, with a loim; ercy or green 
jacket, and slippers on hia feet. Ilia usual abodi.^ i* under 
the roof, and he goes in and out either through a broken 
window, whieh in ncvpr mended, or through Hoiiie other 
npertoro left on purjjoae fur hini. A bowl of groutc inust 
b<: left on the floor for him every evening, and he i> very 
angry if tht^n; should be no bi'ittcr in it. Wheu well 
treated he uiakea himself very useful by cleaning up the 
house, and tending the cattle. He sometimes amuses him* 
aelf by playing tricks on the senants, tickling, for example, 
their noHea when they are aaleep, or pulling off the bed- 
clothes. Stories are told of tUo Puk, siuillar to some above 
related of the Jluttish Nis. 

* Sec ib«v«, p. lie 
t The Puk li ■)» rtllei ttifVuV, lluli-1'uk, VMItt, Nlikt-PnV, Vif 
Bak, !ili>-Kuk— ill camtMUDilt or compliant of NIhc did Puk. lit u mla 
naoHd trmn till ntkvUnit anil doIh Pulur-CliH, i. «■ Nlrk Kuoclier, (Ih* 
Gnuiui PdMlflllO Clui Ixii'x ihr ibhmution o( MieaUui, Midu ; ••« 
•bar*, p. 1 3B, fcr (& nmo origiti of Niiis, 



— *■ — 

Kin MkgdlcM kua In Abimdgluu, 
Wtfl Idb'A aoeh blfl fvfundeiL 


A maJdxb £sm* in KruiliiifA ■!<<«> 
l^uih M I tw>r h«va mal. 

Tub Wildo Fmutn or Wilcl-wom«i nf fl^rmauy bear a very 
strong resemblance to tiie KUe-maida of Scandinavia. Like 
them they are beautiful, have fine flowing hair, lire vithia 
hiUa, wid only appear singly or in the society of each other. 
They partake of the piety of character we find among the 
Gennnn Dwarfs. 

Tho cMtlcbrated Wuuderbcre. or TTnderberg, on tho great 
moor near SaUborg, is the ehief haunt of tho Wild* women. 
The Wunilerberg is said to he quite boUow, and supplied 
with stately pamcea, churches. mona«t«Tiee. gardens, and 
■pringB of gold and eilrcr. Its inhabitants, besido tho Wild- 
women, are little men, who have charge of the trt-odures it 
contains, and who at niidniglit repair to SaltburR to perform 
their devotions in the cathedral ; ^ant«, who used to como 
to the church of Oriidich and eihort the people to lead a 
godly and pious life ; and tlie great emperor Chiirles V., 
with golden crown and aeeptre, attended by knights nnd 
lords. His grey beard has twice encompassed the table at 
which he sits, and when it hn^ the third time gro'i-ii round 
it. the end of the world and the appeamnee of the Anti- 
christ wiU take place.* 

' All tvUlinf to (lie WtH'Wunifli ftnd tbe Wuodflrbtqr i* Eiwa bj MM. 
Grimm (tom ihe Biiiensr Tolkibuch. 1783. Fur nn (ctounl bI Ibc tuioiu 
Sergmtrick-le Uddim, tee llie l)«uUch« Mjlholofit, th. IIiiL 




foUimiag is tlie only account we aaye of the Wild- 

TIi« iuhnbitants of tlii' villftge of Orotlich nnii tlio pca- 
aaiitry of the neiglibourhood aaHert that frequently, iilmut 
the your 1753, tho Wild-women used to cuiiie out of tho 
Wunderberg to the boys and girla that were kecpiiijj the 
iCBttle iieAT tho bol« Tithin Gluiegg, and give them hrund 
to eat. 

The Wild-women used frequently to come to where the 
])»)}i]i' were nwpiiig. They ouiie down early in tlin morning, 
luid in tho er«Ding, when the people 1^ off work, tHi-y 
irciit back into the Wunderberg without partaking of tlie 

It happened once near this blU, that a Utile boy wa« 
Bitting on a home which liia father had tethered on the head- 
land of the flvld. Then cnmv tb<! Wild-woinen ont of tbo 
hill and wanted to tskn away the boy by force. But the 
father, who wo» well acquftintoi with the aecrela of ihiu Uill, 
and whnt UMcd to occur them, without any dread hasted up 
t6 the women and took the boy from them, «-ith thew 
vorda : " What mahee you prcHUine to come no often out 
of the hill, and now to take away my child with youP What 
io vou want to do with him ? " Tho Wild-women niMWcrcd : 
" lie will be better with ub. and have bettur care taken of 
him than at home. We shall be very fond of the boy. and 
be will meet with no injury." But the father wodd not let 
the boy out of his Imiida, and the Wild-women went away 
weeping bitterly. 

One time tlie Wild-women came out of the Wunder- 
berK, near the place called tho Kugetmill. which i* prettily 
aituated on the side of this hill, and took uviuy u boy who 
WB» keeping cattle. This boy, whom every one knew, was 
B«!n about a vcar oiler by some wood-cutters, in a green 
dreaa, and etttmg on a block of this Uill. Neit day tber 
took his parents with them, intending to search tne hill 
for bim, but Ihey all went about it to no purpose, for the 
boy never appeared any more. 

It frequently has happened that a Wild-woman out of the 
Wunderberg has gone toward the village of .\nif, which is 
better than a mile from the hilL She used to make hoh-i 
and beds for herself in the ground. She bad uucuniinotiljr 


long And beAutiful hair, wliich rencbcd neu-li to tho tolcs of 
her feet. A |irn>siuit belonging t<) the village ofUin mw ttiiit 
woman goiiin and comitig, ana be foil deeply m love with 
h«r, cRpociallv od account of Vicr tK'autiful oaJr. He could 
not rcfrniD I'ram i^oine up to her. aiul he fpaeA on her with 
delight ; and at laat, m his simpltuity, Lo l^d )um««lf, with* 
out anv rf'pugnaiic^. down bv her 8ide. The second nizfat 
the U'lld-nnmiin nskt^d him if he hiul nnt « wUb already f 
The jteAtsMit howi-rer denied bin wife, and Mid Iw bad not. 

His wife meariwhile wm greatly p<izzlcd to thiuli where it 
WM that her hiubnnd went everv nvctiin^. nnd iilcpt ovor}r 
niebt. 8be therefore watebed hun aiid found biui in tli« 
field sleepiiJir near the Wild-woman ; — " Oil, God preserva 
thy befliitiful hnirf'tmid i-he to the Wild-woinnn ; "what 
ant jou JiiiiiK there? " • With theee word* the peasant** 
wife retired and left them, and her husband wan ffteaiir 
frightened at it. Hut the Wild-woman upbraided him with 
hiH fdsi> denial, and xnid to him. " Hiid vour wife moiiifmtol 
butn'd mid xjiite ngitinHt me, you would now bo unfnrtniute^ 
and would never leave this place ; but Buiee vour wife was 
not malicious, lore her from hmeefortb, and dwell with bat 
ftithfully, and never vcnturn more to eonie here, for it is 
written, • Let every owe live faithruUy with hia wedded wife ,' 
thouf{h the force of this commandment will greatly decrease, 
and with it all the tcmpoml pronperily of mnmcd people- 
Take thin Khoi.'fuU of niooey frcini me : go home, and look no 
more about you." 

Aa the fair mudnn who onginnllv poaMsaed the ritmed 
Oldenburg Itoru wa* probably a Wild-woman, we will place 
the story of it here. 

■ to > sniiliir tnutillon (Scnck, Bnrttr. tun Eilxa, p. 130) tlw wif* «bM 
•IT une of hei Iwr loug trend, uut i( (flcrnudt mm caneNl; na jirari by 
htl W RdOCB it. 

ntR W1LD*irOMIC«. 


Ct)' dDrmfeurit ftani. 

Iir the timo of count Otto of Oldenburg, who succeeded lui 
bther Ulrich iu the year 967, n woDilerliil tnuisnclioD 
occurred. For »» he, beiiig a good sportsman, and one who 
took great delight in the chase, had set out early one day 
with his tioblt^n luid attendants, nod hnd hunted in the 
wood of Benicfeutrr, and the count himself had put up a 
roe, and followed Mm alone from the wood of tierueft-uer to 
the Owmbcrg, nnd with hia white horee stood on the top ol 
Ae liill, imd vudiiaTOured to trace the giime, be taid to him- 
self, for it was an ciceaeively hot day, " Oh Qod ! if one had 
BOW but n coot drink \ " 

Xo sooner had th» count spoken the word than the Osen- 
berij; opened, and ont of the cleft there eanie a beautiful 
niaiden, fairlr adorned and hiuidiiumely dressed, and with her 
Ix'Autiful hftir divi(i(id on her shouldore, and n gnrhind on 
tier h(.'ud. And xhu hatl a ric-h Hilver ven»id, that wan gilded 
and shaped like a huuU-r'a huru, Mell and ingeniously made. 
gnuiulaU^d, iind fairly ornamented. It wn* ndorned with 
varioua kindv of nnnn that arv now luit little known, and 
with utnage unknown inBiviptiona and ingenious fl^ures, 
and it was soldered together and adonicd in tlio same 
maiuuT tut the old antiques, and it was beautifully and 
ingeniously wrvut-bt. Thia horn the mMiden held in her 
hud, and it wn« full, and she gave it into the hand of tho 
eount, and pmved tliat the count would drink out of it to 
rofresti hiiusell tlierewith. 

When the count lind n-eeivod and taken this gilded silver 
born fnjin the nmidc^n, and hnd ojK-tied it and looked into it, 
tlie drink, or whatever It wtis tlmt was iu it. when he shook 
it, did not pleajte him, and ho therefore refused to drink for 
the niaideu. When-ujuin thu maiden said, " My dear lonl, 
drink of it upon my faith, for it will do you no liarm, but 
will be of urantage ; " audiug tarther, that il the count 



would drink out of it> it would co well w Lli liiin, count 
Otto, and liix, nn<l also with thf. wnolo hoii«e of Oldeuburg 
after him. and lliat tlie whole i-omitiy woulil improve uia 
flourish. liut if the count would place uo failli iu Imt, and 
would Dot drink of it, then for the fiitnrp, in the succeedtDfi 
family of Oldenburg, there would remain no unitj. But 
wbeu the count gave do hc«d to what she said. but. aa won 
Dot without Tvttsou, considered with himself a long tim« 
whether hu should drink or not, ho bt^ld the trilver gild«d 
horn iu his hand and swung it behind hitn. and poured it 
out, and sonie of its content* RpHnklcd the whit« horse, simI 
where it fell and weitod him thi> hair nil cami; off. 

When th« maiden saw thin, she deaired to have her horn 
back Bg&iu, but the count made speed don-n the hill with 
the horn, vrliich hi.- held in liiii hand, uiid wh<'n he looked 
round he ohmTved that the maiden waa gone into the )!ill 
fwun. And when terror seiied on the count on account of 
tui«, he tftid Rpiim to his hone, lunl at full apocd hunted to 

i'ciin hi» nttcnitintd, and informi-d tlu-nt of what hod bofnllen 
lini. Hi' niortover showed them the silver gildi-d horn, and 
took it with him to Oldenburg, and the same bom, as it was 
obtained in so wonderful a nianniT. was pn;5crvcd as a eostlj' 
jewel b_v him, and by all the succeeding reigiiing princes of 
the houae of Oldenburg.* 

• OirtiB bj liUadiini (V«lk»4iipa MKrchcn uuil tegeudsn. l-eipiig, 
1830), (nun HiuHselBiiUui'i Oldraborf Chronicle, IA9B. Hnte. Naubfrt 
hu, ia liiD Kcsud volumt of her Vollumllnlifn, vrought It up into i Uls of 
110 pi{Ti. 

Tlie Uldeoburg koni, or vhu li oiled tueb, ia oott In llii King nt Do- 
tiMili'* Mllocuna. 




Ton Kaboll *ln^ l«b *K4ur. 

Vol HlLIB. 

or Kutnid mug wf nun* w ms; 
(>rK°l»lil I tix>ttn(. 

EoboM is exactly the same being as the Datitah Nis, 
■nd ScottifJt Brownie, and English ifubgubhii.t He per- 
fomiR the terr some aervicea for the family to whom be 
ftttaclic4 tiiiuseU. 

When the Kobold is obout coming into any place, he first 
makcB trial of the diepoeition of tlii> family in this uay. Ht 
briiigH ohip* nnd Biiw-duat into the house, itnd thrown dirt 
iuto tiie tnilk vf^saels. If tbe master of the bouse Uikc* care 
that the ciiipa are not scattered about, and that the dirt is 
lr.Si in tho vessels, and the milk drunk out of thorn, the 
Eobotd comes and atuys in tbe bouse as long as there is one 
of tbe fauiily alive. 

Tho change of servants docs not affect tbe Kobold, vha 
■till rrmuiuB. Tbe maid who i* going nwny must recommend 
her successor l« take care of him, and treat him well. If 
■be doee not so, tbiugs go ill with bor till abe is also obliged 
to leare the pjuce. 

Tbe biatory of tbe oelebrated Hingelmann will giv« most 

* TUi icdt4 la uiunllf JarinH rmm (h« Omak ti$aXai, > kDaT(i,whiob 
t< found la .^i[it(i[>hsaci. Acc<>rdia|[ lu (Irimiii (p. *6B) tha Qrrnun 
Kobsid u net mcntloDOil by uaf wrilir anlariui lu Ihu Ihlrmalh OMIuir j 
w* find the French Gubtlln In tiit ulcvuulh ; me ^iMn<w. 

t In HaaoTtr Ibe WilJ-o'lbo-vlip li cilkd iht TUckcboM, C <. TOcU- 
Kobold, nod li, ■« U> Dime dvaoto, ft maUdDu* beiag. \'au. Ljr. <M, 
IL p. 3I&W 



full »nd witiBriu--tory information respecting the iiatui- aud 
projtertiea of Kobolds ; for such he wu, though he used 
constantly to deny it. His history was written at conridpr- 
nWe Iwigth by u pious minister, named Feldmiuui. MM. 
Orimtii gires us the foUowiiig abridgement of it.* 


A woNiiEKFUL tiouse^pirit haunted for a long time the 
old castle of lludeniiihIeD, situated in tho country uf LBne> 
burg, not far from tliu Allcr, and of whieh there is noticing 
rriiiuiuinfc but the uulls. It vim in the veur IGM that be 
(inl uotilled his presencei, by knocking and making various 
noises. Hoon after he begiin to eoDrerse with the seiTaul« 
in the dayliglit. They were At first terrified nt hearing a 
voici^ ond suMjing iiotbmg, but by degrees they became accus- 
totiied to it taiii thought uo more of it. At last he beeame 
quite oouragcoiia. nnd began to speak to the mnrtpr of the 
hoii^e himself, uud used, in the middle of the day luid in tbc 
eTeijtiig, to carry ou eonventationa of various kinda; uid at 
ineal'tiines he discoursed with those who wore present, 
whether atrangen or belonging to the family. When all 
li-ar uf him wns gone he becaiue otiite friendly and intimate: 
ho sang, laughed, and went on With every kind of sport, eo 
long OS tio one vexed him : uud bis voice won on occa- 
sions aoft and tender like that of a boy or muidi-n. When 
tie was asked whence ho came, and whnt he bad to do in 
that place, he said hir was eonie friitn the Bohi-minn rnoun- 
taius, and that his eompanious were in the Buheminn forent 
— that they would not tolerate him, and that he was in con- 
W^uenet) obliged to retire and take refuge with good people 

■ nruUchs fUgiD, 1. p. 103. Filctdiuo'i ntk it ■ I3iiw TO., of 

SIS pHf*- 

t li tho ilibnuinlon of Hdnrlrb (Hcnrj). la iho Noi'l) o( 
C!«rTn«)i3' tht Kubold li alio mm^ ChlmmakfQ ttiA Wott«rk<ii, fruUJ J-J^clinfl 

■ad Wilthcr. 



till Via affairs alioiiM bo in a bi'tttT i-nnilition. He addM 
thdt hi* n.amc wux llinxclniiinn. but thnt he waa also calltnl 
LuHne: nti<! timl liu hiul n wife irhoso name vas llill« 
Biditrla- Wiieii the Urni; fur it wiw oonin he would Irt him- 
Bolflie seen in his real e\ia])v, but Ihal ai pn-'sent it wan iiol 
fiiiivvnirnt for hini to ilo to. In all other roapecta he waa, 
he nitid, ua good niid honr^t a fttllow a» iiocil be. 

Tiie iaaet«r of the houM), ulien bo snw tliut the spirit 
attached himself more and more to hiui, begun to get fnglit* 
ened. siid knew not how he should get rid of him. By the 
xdvifL' of hiei frieuils ht- ili^tt-rniined nt Iiut to k'nve hia cnstle 
fat some tirne^ and set out fur Kauuver, On the road they 
olwpn-rd a white fi-Jithcr tlint flew beside the carriag*. 
but no one kni^w what it Higcilied. "Wheii hp arrived nt 
Jliiuover lie missed a valuable gold <!haiii Uiiit he wore 
about his neck, and hi» sus]>it.'iouH fell upon the servauta ot 
th(! house. But t he innkerjier took the part of hia servants, 
aiid demaudt'd aatiufaction for the discreilitnhlr L-hori{i'. Tim 
uoblenian, who could prove nothiug agaiimt ihem, sal iu Uia 
chambef in bad spirits, tliiiiking how he ahould niaua->e to 
m't himnclt'out oi tliin unpleasant aiTair, when all of n suddeo 
DC hi-ard Iliiixe](iiiimi'» voice beside him, saying, " Why ar* 
you ko sail ? If there iti anything ^oiie wrong wilb you tell it 
to mc, anil 1 shall perhaps know bow to assist you, If 1 
wer« to makd a cui'hs, i shi^uld say thnt vou are fretting 
eu aivuuiit of itcliainyou bavi-lost." " Woat areyon doiujf 
hen."?" replied the terrified nobleman: " why nave you 
followed m«? Do yon know anything about tne chain?" 
" Yen, indeed," luiid Hinichuann, " I linve followod yon, and 
1 kept yuu company uii the mad, and wiw alwayn [ireaeiit : 
did you not see rae i why, 1 was the white feather tliat flew 
beaido th<? lairrin^e. Anil now I 'II tell yon where the chain 
19 1 — Seajvli uiidi^r the ]jillow of yi>nr bed. and tht-rB yuu '11 
find it." The chain waa fotind uliere he said ; but the mind 
ef the nobleman became still more tuieasy, and he aiikcd bim 
in UII anjcry tone why he had brought him into n (juarrcl with 
the landlord on account of the chain, aince be was the cause 
nf his leaTiDt; hia own house. Uinxeltnaun replied, " Why 
do yon retire ' nic ¥ 1 can easily follow you nnywheiv, 
and he where you ure. li ■■> much better fsr you to rvturu 
to your own eetnte, and uot be tjuitliug it un my occouuL 



You seo woll that if T wished it I could tu« avnv nil yon 
havp, but 1 am ni)t iuidiiivii lo do no." The iioUlciuMi 
thimght voine tmm of it, auil at liuit Uiiiie to tbe resolution 
of ruturuiug home, and truBtiog in God not to retreat a 8t«p 
from the spirit. 

At hnmu in Huddciiiihieti, ttiiitelmann tiow »)io««d him- 
■elf e\lrt.-[ijvly obli^iiik'' ^^^ active nnd industrious at etery 
kind of worli. Ho uwd to toil crcry niglit in tlic kitcbrn ; 
wid if tlic cook, in the (■veiling uticr nujiifcr, left, tlx! pliitc* 
Olid dixhi-s Ij'iiig iu a lieup nitbout bi.-itig wanhed. n<!it 
iiioroiuif ihev were aU nico nnd clean, shinirc liko lookioc- 
cloMoit, nnd put up iu proper ord<'r. She thcrt^brv tiiigM 
dopRiid ii|Kni liitn, tuxi go to bt-d in the evoulii;; tJtvr supjic-r 
without K'^'°A heraelf any concern about them. In like 
numner nothing wiw crrr lo«t in the kitchm ; nnd if any- 
thing wiui DHtniir lliutelniaiin kni-w tuiniirdiiitciv whc-re to 
find il, ill wliateviT comer it waa bid, and (pive tt iiito the 
handa of tho owner. If strangers wer« expected, the spirit 
let Kiuinplf be heurd in n piutii-utnr niantx'r, nnd lii» Iftboura 
were continued the whole night lotig: he xcourt-d the pot* 
and kcttliTii, washed the dishes, cle-^iiied tbe pnala and tubs. 
The uuok uuh grateful to hiiu fur all tliiti. and not onlr did 
what ho detcircct, but cheerfid)/ got rcndy his swcot milk for 
bis bri\ikfit.''t. 111! took aUo tbe elmr([« of su[H<rin ten dine 
the oilier uicu lUid niaida. Ke uoticiid how lliev got tbrouf^ 
their buBiiicss; luid when they were at work he encouraged 
them with good Hiirdn to be indmilrioua. Rut if anr one 
WB-1 iniillLjitive to wliat ho said, he (.■auRht up u »tic-K nuil 
couiiii unlisted his instructions by laying on lientiily wiib it. 
lie frtqueiilly warned the iiinid* of their mirtrMs's di«pleit- 
aiin-. uiid reminditd tlieui of wouie piece of work which tliey 
should set about doin;,;. lie was equally busy in tho stable : 
ho attended to the horses, and eurricd tliem CJirefully, so that 
they were :i.-< smooth in their eoala an lui tt-l; they also 
throve auil imtmived suinueh, in next lo no lime, that every- 
body uoudei'Oii at it. 

Hia ehainlH^r wna in the upper irtory on the right hand 
aide, mid his furaitiiro cuusiated of only Ihivc articles.. 
loipriuiis, of a settle or arm-chair, which he plulted very 
neatly for himself of straw of dift'erent colours, full of 
bwuuonie figuivs and croasea. which no one looked upon 




wiUiout nilmmti cm. Secondly, of a little round table, which 
ma on liia repented entreaties made aud put there. Thirdtv, 
of a bed siid bcd:>tctid, whicli hi.- h.:d nUo cxpre-esed a ni^tli 
tor- Tlicrw ncviTwiw nnv tmi-i- fi>iind (m if a man had biiit 
in it; thure toulJ only be perct-ived a very viniiM dvprcssiou, 
aa if a cat had beea there. The 8er\autB, esjieaiiiHy th« 
took, wcr* obhRod every day to prepare a diali lull of auf^-t 
milk, with cnims of whenten bn-iid, and place it upon hla 
Utili! tahlf ; aiid it was soun after euli-ii up eloan. lie wjtiio- 
tiniex used to come to the table of the master of the bouae, 
and they nere obliged to put n chair and a plate for iiim uL 
a purtidilar p\nc.v. WhiU'Vcr was helping, nut bis food on 
bia jilat«, and if that van furpitlen he toll into a great 
passion. ^Vhat was put on his |)late vanished, and a gluas 
full of wiiic van taken away for somo time, and n'aa then set 
Again in its plat^fl (■mtity. But thi- food «n» aiVcrn-ard* found 
lying under the bericheB, or in a eornt^r of the room. 

In the society of young people liiuielmann waa extremely 
chccrfuL lie aiuig luid made vcrsci : one of bis moat usual 
ones WM, 

If thmi hoTD tti)t tot ma lUty. 

Qood luck iibiilt ibou hnvo lilwaj; 

But if brncr. t)iuu trOl tan rlmae, 

Liifk will us'iT i-uuiv ovar tlic ptikoe. 

H<! luwd aluo to repeat the Bonga and sayings of other 
people by way of amu»cmeDt or to attract tbeir attentiou. 
The minisl^T IVldmann naa iy\Kn invited to lludemiililen, 
Bn<l when be canii- tn the door lie heard Bonie one aliovc in 
tbe liidl siu^fiijj;, shouting, aud niakiug every sort of noistr, 
whicb made him think that fonie straugprs hnd oorac the 
evening befoni, and were lodged above, and making tbcm- 
wiveit mi-rry. He therefore said to the steward, ulio wa^ 
BtAudiug ill the court after having cut un lomo wood, '' John, 
what cuciits have you abovi; then? ? " Tne stewaiid anawcred, 
" We linvc no »trangew ; it in only our Hintdmunn who i» 
ainuiiing hiui«.-lf : there is not a living soul else in the hall." 
When the minister voDt up into the ball, ilinzoLmauD sang 
out to him 

Vj thnmb. aij thumbs 

And tu; olbu* are tun. 

The m):iistcr wondered at tlua unuaual kind ot *ong, and h« 


taiA tti Hinudnum, " Wliat aori of inusii.' is that you coow 
to meet me iritli ?" ** Why," rpplied llinzolmftRn, " it «» 
trotn vniir^cif I Icnrntril thi! Noiig, for Ton hnvc ofU^ *uii£ 
it, nuU it in ouly n f<:w (U;ra Mtice 1 liritrd it frou jtimi, vrhim 
}'Oii were in a corlaiu plnce at a christeuiii^," 

lliiixi-lmann wn» fond of playing trickn, but )io reTcr 
hurt luiv one by Ihcta, lin ucu'<I to it^t NiTvantst nnd work- 
nieu hy the ean »a tliey nat driuliiiiij in the i-veniuR, and 
took errat delight thpn iu looking at tho eport. When any 
nnn cu them vn» well warmed with liounr, aiid let anvthing 
fall under llie table nnd sttKijK'il tii lalce it up, Hinxeloisdii 
would give lii:ii a j^ood bo;i on the ear from bohiud, and 
at tbo SAiDO timo pinch hio neighbour's leg. 'J'hi<n thn two 
altnirlccJ ciu'h othi-T, Snt with wordii and then with litunra; 
the rest joiued in lh« afuHle, aud ihi-j dealt (ibuut their 
blows, and were repaid in bjud; and neit rooniing black 
i'Vr» nnd nwdlrd fncrs bore trstimony of the fmy. But 
niri/.ehiiaiiu'H verv hiiirt was doliithtcd at it, niid lie u«ed 
altiTwarda to tell iiow it waa bo that be(;au tt. oil purpose to 
pet thorn fighting. Jle however alirajB took euro so to order 
inntttTK thnt no one nhould run nnjr risk of hi* lifn. 

Tliere canib one tiino to Hudeiuiihli-n a oubleiuau wlio 
tmdortook to baui»li liiuielmniin. Aceordinglj, whon he 
rrmnrlird thnt be wn» in o certain rnom, of whicrh all tho 
doors and windows wem shut fniil, hi- had lhi« chninbL-r and 
the whole LouHe nUo beeet with armed men. and wi-iit him* 
kcIf with bi> drawn sword into the room, aeeonipitnied hj 
tiouie otiiont. They howpvcr saw nothing, no Ihey be^ua to 
cut and tlirutit ttsft and right in all direi^tiona, thinking that 
if llitixotninnn had a body lotne blow or other rnuat c»r- 
tainly rt-ni-h hini and kill hun ; still they could not percNve 
that their hungers met am thing but mere air. When tUfjr 
thought they must Imvr neomplinhed tlieir task, nnd w*r» 
going out of the mom tin-d with their long fen eiiig, just aa 
they ojK'tied the climr, they saw a figure Uke ihit ol a black 
martoii, and heard these worda. " Ila, ha ! how well rou 
eaughtmc!" But Jlinwlmnnn afterwnnia einreosed Uim* 
■eir very bittvrly for this insult, ami deelared, llmt he would 
hare eaailv had an opportunity of i-cvenging himwlf, wem it 
not t!'.3t he wi^lied to spnre tlie two ladies of the house anj 
unemtiiieiM. When this same uoblcnuui uot lou^ after noal 





into an pwiptj- rtwm in tie house, Iw naw « large suakp ly'tig 
«i>i]ed up ou UH unoccupied bod. It inatantly Viuiislieil. aua 
he bmara tlui words of tlie spirit — " Xoa wore near catching 


Another noblemau hnd heard a great deal about HiiiEul- 
tnann. and he wan curioiix to get Aonio personal knou'led){e 
of him. Hi! citnif lU'i-unlingly to lludcrniihloii, and hi« wii^h 
w»9 not loiiK iui|{nititii-d. for the spirit lot hlm»ulf bu heard 
froui a corucT of the room w!iere there waa a larjj^e cupboard, 
in which went ntutiding eotdc emntr '<rini>jugH with long 
Dcclta. Ah the voice wua Hotl aim di'Uculi?, oiid wimirwhat 
boarHe, as if it came out of a hollow Te8t«l. the Dublemau 
tbought it likdy that he waa sitting in one of these jugs, to 
he ^t up luid nui and caught them up, aiul went to stop 
theui. Uibkiiit; in thia way lo catch the Bpiril. While hn 
was thus cnitneod, llinzclmnnn bogRQ to laugh aloud, aud 
rrjpd out, "If 1 hail lutt hi-ard long ago from other proplc 
that you were a fool, I luij-ht now fiavi; known it of mynrtf, 
since you thought 1 wan Hitting in an emptyjuK. and went to 
cover it up with your hand, as if you had me caught. 1 don't 
think yon worth th<! tmublit, or I would have gi\-on vou, 
lonK Mice, sueh a l«aion, tlmt you sliuutd remember inu u>uf( 
uniiLiKh. liul before long you will get a slight ducking/' 
ilo then bpcamc cilitnt, and did not tct himiielf be heard nnv 
mom Ml tonic *" tf'e nohU-iiian staycil. Whether ho lell into 
thi- water, na llin^relnmnn tlireateued hiia, ts not said, but 
it \» probable he did. 

Tticvo camr, too. au etoriTist to bnniih him. When htt 
bej^n hiM euujuratiou wilh hia maffic word*, KinM-lmaini wa« 
at first tjniteijuic't, and did not let himself be heard at all. but 
wluin he nan t;"inK to read the moat powerful Rcntcncee 
uainat him, lie miaLchi'd thi* L(H>k out of bis lutnd, torf it to 
pieOM. »0 that (ho leaver dew about the room, i-aui-lit hold of 
Hie eiorcifit hiniHi'if, uitl iiiiicer.r'l and Kriwtc'hcd him till he 
ran away I'riithlt^ucd out i>! hi> wila. Ue cam pliiini-d greatly 
of Ifaii treatmt'Ut, and eaid. " 1 am a Christisn, like any other 
man, and I bopt? to be aaved." When hp wna ajikcd if he 
kiu^w t1i*t Kobcld.i luid Kno»'kinft-'piril« {J'olfer (Vritfifr), he 
Biurwrn-d. ■■ What have thene ti> do wilh me ? Thi-y are tho 
I>eiil's apectn^, and 1 do not belong to them. Ha one 
. baa any evil, but ratlu^r good, to ci|H'rt from mo. Let a» 



■lane and you wiU Iisve luck in rvrn-thing ; tli« cattle wil 
thrive, TOUT sutwtence wi)l incrcuv, luul vToiything will go 
nn well." 

ProfltKM'i' and vitw vera quite displt^Ming to him ; be oaed 
fregxiently to soolilwvcrclyoiip of tlwi family for hinntingiDCMt 
• nn told tlie mt thiit ha i-ould not vridiire liim on sci'ouot 
<>f it. Auuiher he u|tbraided with liiit pride, wliicb he said be 
hated from hie heart. Wlirn some ono oncv said to him 
that if III* would he a gotid L'liriAtittn, lu; iilK>nld mil upon 
(t<Hl, and Kiy ChnHttuii ^rttjers. !»• be^au the IiOrd'a Pnvcr, 
Mid wvnt t)irou)-h it tiU he came to the iiMt petition, inwa 
he murmured "Deliver u* from the Kvil ow;" quito low. 
He ntiHi rrpented tho Cn^-d, but in a brxilciii ajiil vtatnmcring 
iTuuMirr, for whyu he eauie to the norda, "1 betiere in tbe 
forgirenetw of itinfi. tlic resurrection of the body, and life 
ererliwting," Ih^ prnnnunn-d thi'm in k> hoorw and indixtinct 
a voit-'H that uo otii.- euuM rightly hear and uiidi-rstjind liim. 
The [iiiiiister of Eieheloke, Afr. yuldmaun, said that lu< 
father vras invited to dinner to Ihideniiihlrii at Whitauntide, 
where ho heard lliozelnuuin go through the whole of tbe 
l^ejiutirul hvmii, " JVha biltini u-ir Jen keiligm Oritt" m B 
*ery high but not uiiplt^anant voit-e, like Itiat of a K'^\ i>r 
a young boy. ^ay, ho Ktiig not merely this, but several 
other Bpiritiuil »oiig» also when requesteil, expneially hy thoM 
wliuin he regnnlvd as hi* friuiido, and with whom ho was on 
t4^rius of iutiniai'V. 

On the other hand, he wan ritrcmelv angrv wIieD he waa 
tiot treated with rt-six-ct and oa a Christian. A nobleman ot 
the family of Mandidnioli oiiL-t.- oame lu Hudeniiiiilcu. Thia 
nobleman wng highly re*w.'eted for his learning; be was a 
rniioii i)f the <;nthi'<lrnl ot Verden, itnd hnd been atiibamodor 
tfi the Eli-elor of Brandenburg and the King of Ui-uinnrk. 
When ho h^ard of the hou»t^»pirit. and that lie expeetvd to 
be treated aa a Cbristian, he snid be could not believe that 
all WM right with him : ho una fnr mor« inelined to regard 
him an the Enemy and the Di'vil, fur that Ood lutd uert-r 
Blade men of that kind tu.I form, that nngcU praiited Ood 
thoir iKjrd, and giinrded and prot<'ft(d men, with which the 
Ktiorkiiig and pounding unii strungu [irui'c-cdingai of thp 
llouiM'-aiilrit did not accord, ilimtelniauii. who had nut let 
biinwtf DO heard siucc hia arrival, now made a Doiaa atul 



crinl out, " Wluit tay you Barthold ? (that was t.lie nMe- 
»nn'> luuiit!) lun ! tlin Enemy f I iidvisi? you uoi to aay too 
■nudi. or I »i!] «h<)w yoii luiottur tricic, and toavli vou 
to deliver a better jiiil^rtiieDt of mc unother timir." ^ho 
nobleman itM frightoaed when )io lu^ard a voiti^ witliout 
Mwin^ Mxy one, broke off tlie dierourse, and would hear 
DOlhin); mi>re of hiio, but left him in [KjsscMion of lii« 

Aii<>lhi*r time a nobleman came tliere, wbo, wlioii he saw s 

ohair and plat* laid for llinzelinann at dinner, refuwd to 

pledge htm. At thin th« npirit wax oAViidinl, and he naiit, 

I am aa honest and goad a fi-llow an lie is ; wh}' then 

doc* hn Dot drink to me ?" To this the Dobkmnn replied, 

B" Deport lience, ami go drink with thy tiifernnl compnnmnii ; 
Aou hflat nothing to du here." WIu-h Hinxi-lnianu lieard 
thai, he beeame »o bighty exasperated, tliat be eei/.ed him by 
the utrap n-ith which, newirdinc to the eiistom of those dnyu, 
his elouk w(w fa.-itrni'd under bin chin, dmqgi-d him to the 
g'n>und. aud choked aud presBi'd him ill Mu-h a manner that 
all that were pn-seul were ill [luiu lest be should kill him; 
and th« gentleman did not come to himself for tromo houn 
■ftor the Rpirit bnd leil him. 

Another time an esteemed friend of the maat<*T of lltid^* 
mQhlen waa travelling that way, but he hesitated t« come in 
on flocouDt of the llou«i>8pirit, of whose miacbievoun turn h» 
\im\ bc;iriJ u gn-at denl, nnil nent his nrrvnnt to inform the 
lamliy tbut lie could not cull upon them. The mu*ler of the 
boOM amit out and presM?d him eery much to eome in and 
dine riwns, but the Htmngcr politely excused himself, by 
Kivini; that it was not in his jiower to stop ; hn, h»werer, 
aifded. that he was too much ten'ilied at the idea of sitting; 
at the enme table enting-and drijiking with » devil. Iliniel- 
Oiann, it appi-an, wiu preient ut thin convcnnlion out in the 
I Kwd ; fer when tli« utraoger had thus refused they heard 
tiu» wordj4. " Wait. m\ Rood fellow, you sbtUI be widl paid 
for thin talk." Accori\ingly, when the trnTrlIrr went on 
and came to the hridj^e OTcr the ilciiwe, th« horaes took 
Aigbt, entauKied theiinrlvi-» in the bonitvia. and horvv*, 
nuringe and nil, were within aii tice of tumbling down into 
the water. Wlien rverj-tliing had 1<eea wt to rights, and 
the carriage bad gi>t on about a gun-sliot, it wan turned artt 



ill the s&nd on the lerel groiuicl. vithout, however, Ihoae wbe 
wore ID it receiving uny lirtlior injury. 

UinEdmuiii wufl Touij of eoeiety, but thu society ho chiefly 
di'lighti^d iu was that of fomAlei, aud he wm to thnm veiy 
frieudly nnd aflnblc. Than wore tnoyouo^ ladies at Uuiie- 
miihlen, nnnied Atiuo and Catherine, to whom hn waa par- 
tlculnrly attached ; lie u»ed to tiiftk« hia coinpliuiit to them 
HheiK'ver ho was angrr at anrthiai;, aad held, besides, 
Gonvcraationa of cvi-ry kind with them. WhcDercr they 
trnrelltd he would not quit them, I>ut uccompuniod then 
erer^-where in the t,\i&\ni of a uhito fiMtber. Whwi they 
went to sleep at night, he lay bencnth, at their fe«l, outaide 
the clothes, Biid iii the monimg there wit* a httlc bole to be 
seen, as jf a little dug had laiu there. 

Neither of these ladies ever married ; for Uiiu«lmaiiil 
frightened awny their wooers. Matters had frequmtty j^ne 
so far a« thu i!UKn^fini.-nt, but th<! vpirit always contrived to 
lave it brokL-ii off. Owa lover hft would make all hewildercd 
aud confused when he was about to address the ladv, so that 
he did not know what he should say. lu niiftthfT he would 
cicitc such tear as to make him quiver and tremble. ' But 
his usiinl way wan to make a writing appear bi'foro th*ir 
eyes ou the ojipuoile white wall, willi these words in golden 
letters; "Take maid Anne, and leave nie ni^d Catherine." 
But if any one eaiiM' to court Indy Anne, the golden writing 
changed all ut once, and became "Tak«maid ('ntheriae, and 
leave me maid Anne." If any one did not change his coutm! 
for this, but perviHted in bis purpose, and liappened to 
Kpcnd the uiKlit in the house, he tiTnlitd and tormented him 
so in the dark with knuoking and flinging and jinunding, 
that he laid aside all wedding-thoughts, and wtm right gltul 
to get away with n whole Ekin. Koine, when they weio on 
their way hack, he tuniblcd. themselves and their hoiraca, 
over and over, that they thought tlieir iiei^ks aud legs wiMild 
be broken, and yet knew not bow it liad bHpjieued to them. 
In crinnotiiicncc of this, the two l.-ulics tvinniiicd unmarried; 
ihcy arrived to a great ngc, and died within a week of each 

One of these ladies once sent a servant from HudemUhien 
to Rethcm to buy difl'ercnt articles; whUo he was away 
Uiiuelmtuiu begiu: suddenlr *•' vlapper iit t^ Udi«i' 



chamber like a vtork, and then said. " JIftid Anne, you iniist 
go look fur roup thiii(;8 to-dar iik the luill-ttrcant." Shv did 
not know wtint thi« mcnnt ; but tho wrvnnt xooti i-tuiio iii, 
and n:lntcd, thut tui he wua on hia wny hutnit, hu bud niwii U 
stork Bittint; nt no f-rt-ut dlHtauoe from Liin, which he fehot at, 
and it seeiuod to him a« if he had hit it, but that the stork 
hod rrmniitrd fitting, niul nt liurt birgiin to cIjij) it* winfpi 
aloud and then &m- tiviay. It wiu uow (ibiii thnt UiiiK-liuaun 
knaw this, and biti piv|>ht-i?y abio noon came to piMs. For 
the ttervnnt, who was a liltic iDloxiciilod, wuiitcd hi wnjih biN 
honw, who wiw covered with nwont mid dirt, uml liu rodo 
him into Ihu mill-fllnriuli in fniiil of tbe fuatle ; but owing to 
hia dniiiki-iui<!<i9 ho itiiHsed the rif;bt pbice, imd pDt into a 
di-rp hole, where, not being nblp t') keep hin w-nt on tho 
liurm-, he fell off iind wim ilrowm-d- lit iiiul n»t di-livcri-d 
the thiiiKa ho bml brouffht with hi(u ; >m> tbejr and t\>e body 
l«ectber wery iielied up out of iho streiiot. 

llinzelmaiinnlso informed nnd wnnicd other* of tho future. 
There ennin to UiKlemiilden n colciuel, who «ii.i greatly 
eateenird by Chriitian III. Kins of Dentnurk, nnd who hiui 
doRfl good Bt-nife in the wura with tlw town of Lubeck. He 
wiM a good shot and puseiouately foud of tho ehme, and used 
to npend many hour* in the neighbDiiring wood* iilW the 
liaita and the wild lown. A» lie wun gi-Lling rt-udy ono diiv 
to CO to t]i« cbatie ua usnul, HtiuelitiKun eume and tutia, 
"Thomas (that was his uaiiie), I want you to be cautiuua 
how you shoot, or you will before long meet with n mishap, " 
The onltnu'l took no noticu of thin, and thovigbt it mejint 
OothiuK- But a fi--w da,vH after, no he wan tiring at a roe, 
liis gun burat, and took the thumb off hi« left hand. When 
this occurred, tlinzelmann was iniitiintty by hia side, and 
said, ** Sec, now, you hove got whiit I warned you of ! 1( 
you had refrained from shooting thia time, thia uiiachaiice 
would not hare befallen you." 

Another time n certain lord Fiilkenberg, who waa a 
•oldier, waa on n visit nl Iludeuiiihlen. Ue was a lively, 
jolly man, and he began to play tricka on Ilinzelmann, and 
to mock and jeer him. liinzelniann would not !ong put up 
with thia, and ho bepn to exhibit signx of great diMaliBfao- 
tion. At Im4 he said, — " .Fulkeribert!, you are niakuis very 

eny now at my expense, but wail till you catao to Mi^de* 



buri;. aai thim yom nap nill be bunt in sucti • vaj tlaA . 
yoii will forgft yoiir jilicii nnd yourJMrs." The noblentaa WMl 
awvd : he u.'ui |iiTsu»(li-tl tbnt thcw! wonU ooiitiiiiiMl a htddcn^ 
Bousp : he broku olf tlie (.'onve'raatiua uitli Ilinielmann, and 
•hortiv art^r departed. Not long after the siege of Ma{;do- 
bura, uncitT the Elector Mniiriwt, ctimmenppil, nl which this 
lord Fulkt'uliert.' was prt'stiil, utiiti^r n OiTmiui priaft; of big 
rtuik. The beoJef^ made a (pliant resistance, aod 
.iiiil dnj- kept tip a flrini; of Jouble-hsrqucbuwe, tod 
kiuds cif urtillcry : niii) it l.npprticd that one dkr Falken- 
berg'a I'hiii wa.i «h<rt awav by s baJl frHni a Gilcoiivt, and 
throe days after he died of tbc wound, in f^'al agony. M 

Any r>nc whom tht* spirit could not enduiv \w aand tof 

Iilague or piini>h for hi* viocs. He ncpiiwd the sitTS-tarv nt 
ludeiiiiiTik-n of too niui-h pride. tiH>k » great dinlike tii nim 
on aeocntut of it, and ni|;ht and diiy gave him erery kind ot 
■nnojanec. He once related vrith grent glee how lie had 
f^T«D the haughtjr vxreiary a (mind boi oit the car. Wheit 
the secrctan' vns aaked about it, and irh«-lhcr t)i« Spirit had 
been "itb fiim, he n^plit-d, " At, indeed, he luw been with 
inc but loo often ; this rery ni»nt he tormented rae in such 
a ninnnrr that ] could not stand before him." He had a 
love aflfuir with thi? ehiunbiT-maid ; and otu! nigtit n* hr 
was in )iij<h and confidfntial discourHe with Wr. and tfiey 
wcro sitting tocrther in great joy, thiBkin>; that no on« 
(■ould mrr Ihcm uut the four nulls, tliii emftr spirit cnmc and 
drove them aaiuider. and roucliiy tumhhrd th« poor »«;reta»y 
out ot the door, and then took up a broomstick and laid on 
him with it, that he made over head and neck for his 
chamber, ami furmrt his lovi- altogrlhcr. llinwlmaiio ia 
said to hare niad« aonit' rerswt «u the unfortunati- Imor, and i 
to have often auug them for his unuMeineriit, and repeated! 
them to iravelleps, Uughine heartily at them. ' 

One time some one nl Hudcmnhlen wan »iidd«dv taken 
iu the VTt-niue with a riol«nt fit of the cbolic. aod a maid | 
vas deanatcbed to the (wllar to fetch some wine, "in which i 
th« patient was to take his medicine. Aa the maid waa 
Hitting before the cjwii, and wns just going to draw the mab, 
Uiiueu&aim was by herside, audsaid. " V'ouwillbeplnuiedto 
recollMt that, a few days seo. you scolded me and abused me; 
by way of punishment for it, you shnll apeiid this nJglit-J 

nigbt' J 



aittiLft in tlie cellar An to the uck ))craou. lie in innodiiiMC 
what«T«r 1 h'\t paiu nill tte ail gone in half an hotir, xai hm 
wino n^ould intfii^r injure him &! iimt Rtnv billing hern till tho 
cellar iUwr ii upi-ned." Tlit- [mticnk viaiicd n lun^ tiiiiv, but 
iio wine tame ; uuullier miiid was aeiit (low n. miU she fuuud 
the cellur door well eecurtd on tito oiit^ide with a good 
McUock, and the in«id nitting within, who told her thnt 
UuMelnianii liud tiiati-nt'd hf^r up in that way. Tlu'v wantt-il 
111 open tlifL-i-lkr and let the maid out, hut they i«ul(l not Hud 
ft key for the lock, though they searched with the gn^atcrt 
induxtiT'. Next mornin-; the rellnr vrn» open, nTid the loult 
and key lying before the duor. Just as the npirit auid, all 
liis jittin left tlie siek man in the courbe of half an hour. 

iLinEelinonn hod never shown himself to the n>a«tcrof th« 
hoiuw at lliidemiihlrli, and whenever hr> hegt^ed of him 
that if he was shaped like ft miui. lie would li^t hiitiBclf be 
Hoen by liim, he answered, " that the time was not yet eome; 
thnt ho should wait till it was ngreeable to him." On* 
night, an the mnstcr wm lying nwiike in bed, he beard a 
nuhing noise on nne eide of the chitmb<-r, arid he eanjeetur«d 
that the Bpirit must he there. Ho he auid " Iliii/elmnnn. if 
you are there, answer me." "It is 1," replied he; "what 
do you wont?" At the room was quilo licht with the 
moonshine, it fcemed to the master n» if there waa the 
ahadow of a form like thiit of a ehild, [lereeptihlo in the 
place bom wbieh the sound urocecded. As he obscriTil thnt 
the Kpirit was in n rerj tVii-ndlv humour, he ent<?red into 
ct)nviriuition with him, and saiii, " Let nic, for Ibia ouce, 
■tee and fL-el yon." But Hiiiiielmann would not: " Will you 
reaeh me your hand, at leniit. thnt I may know whether rou 
are flesh and bone lilie n mnu ? " " No," miid Iliutelnuiun ; 
" I won't tnist vou ; you are a knave ; you mixl't ealeh hold 
of me, and nut let me go any more." After a long demur, 
however, and after hi- hod promised, on hi* fiiith and honour, 
not lo hold him, hilt to let him go ajtuin immediately, lie 
■mid, "See, there if my hand." .-\iid as the master eaiight 
at it. it seemed to hiiu aj» il'lie felt the fingers of the hand of 
a tiillo child; but the spirit drew it Uiu-k ijuii-kly. Tlio 
roa8t>:r further di-sircd that he would let him feel hia face, to 
which ho at lust conoentcd ; and wheu he touched it, it 
•pem^d to U-iu an if be had toucliGd teeth, ot a QcsldcM 



•keleton, and the face drew back inHtaiitaneoualy. so that ba 
routd not Moortnin it* exact «hnpc; iie odIj noticed that it, 
like tbu hand, w.-ix> mlil, and devoid of vital hi^nt. 

The cook. «lio wao oh terma uf Rnrut iiitiiiiDiT with itm, 
thought tiint «iK' might venture to tii^^ke a n>(]ui'Ht o( him, 
thoiisli niiothi-r miu;ht not, mid n* idie li'lt n titrcing desire to 
Bi'i' liiiiifliiiauu bodily, wlicira she heard talking «v«nr dny, 
and nliom bIk.' 8up|)lied with meut and drink, nhe }>THy«<l 
hini cariif'jitly lo griuit lipr that iiiTOur; but he woufd not. 
and BJiid llial this wax nnt the right time, but thut sftff 
some lime, ho would let hiiiiBelf he w-en by any perMn. 
'I'liiH rvfii».i] only Htiinulatcd her desire, aiid sh« promed him 
miin? nnd more not to dony her r«jne«t. He »id she wmitil 
ni)eut of her ciirionity if she would nut give ujj h«T deoirv ; 
Mid when all liia rLijireeeitUltous were Ui no uurpose. aiiil 
tthe ivould not give over, ho at liu-t nnid to her, " Conw 
to-niorriiw nicirniuc before aun-ri*!- into the e<'l!nr, utid (MUTT 
in each hand a [lail full uf wnter. and your request iWI tw 
t-omplied with." The maid inquired wiiat tlie water VM for : 
" That you will lenm." anawered he ; ** without it. tho sight 
of me might he injurious to you." 

Ne\i morning the cook was ready at peep of dawn, took iu 
eneh hand a pnil of uat«ir. and went down to tho cellar. 
She looked about her without seeing anything; hut u she 
caat her oytw on tin- ground she pereeived a Imv, un which 
was lying a nuked ehild ajipareutly three year« old. and two 
hiiin;* uticking cro5*wiae in bis heart, and his whoio body 
Htreaniing with hlcxid. The mnid wn* terrilicxl at thin sight 
t*> swell » degree, that she lost her sensra, nod ff It in & awoon 
on the ground. The spirit iniineiliutely took the water that 
she had lirought with her, and poured it all over her head, 
!iv whieli nieima »he enme to herself again. Slie looked 
&l>out for the tray, but all lia<i vanished, and she only heard 
theroieeof tliiuelnianii. who said." You wwnow hownei^dful 
the water was ; if it had not been at hand y<iii hail died licre 
in the eelinr. 1 hope vour burning dcnire to see uie ia now 
pretty wf'il e(K>ted. lie o(Wu aQerwarda illuded the cook 
with thia tni;k, and told it to atniugers with givnt glee sud 

He fremieiitly showed himself lo innocent ehildren when 
St play Trie iniuistcr Feldioaiui recoltootcd well, that when 



he via thcnil fourtopn or Bft^ea v'-arB oli), nrcl wns not 
tliinktiig pnrticuliirly .ibout him, ho snw t)ic Spirit in tha 
form of alitllL' buy (iDitig up llip itiiir* vi-ry swiftly. Wlieii 
cliildreu wvre culli'L-Ud ubout H udctniihli'ii houHi*. nnd were 
playing with one ntiothcr, he used to get among tht-m nnil 
pisy wilh tbimi in tlio ohnpc of n pretty litllo oliJUl, ito tliut 
aU the oilier i-hililri-ti suw liini ptuiiily, and wIil-ii tliey went 
homo told their partiiti) how, v\'hik- tliey wt^re cngngi'd in 
piny, a utmngo cliild o-nnio to them and nmiiaod iiinisi?!!' with 
tliciii. Thin wuH tnitiHrnicd by a maid, who vieut onu liuio 
into « room lu which fatir or sti childreu were playiug 
togrthrr, and among them ehe saw a strange little hoy of a 
beuutiful <'ouut<:nRncc, with ciirird yoUow huir lintiginK down 
hilt shDuldero, and dreaned in a nrd tiilk ooal; uiid nhile aha 
wanted to oboeire him more cloHely, he f;ot out of the party, 
null diMppuirud. llinEelinaim lot himself bo seen alto by a 
fool, named CIauh, who wan k<-pt IhrK, and uwd to puraua 
every sort of divemiou with him. When the fool eould not 
MtiywhiTp be found, and they asked him afterwariin whcro 
ho hiul lietin i>o long, he used to reply, " 1 wag with thi< littlo 
wee man, and I wiui playing with him." If he waa farther 
asked how hi^ the littfe man waa, be held liia hand at a 
height about that of n child of four years.* 

When ihi- tiini! t-nnie t!i!it thi- houxo-iiiirit waa about to 
depart, he w Liit lo llie iiiiiater of the houBo aud tuud to him, 
" [fee, I will make you a pretieut ; take care of it, and let it 
remind ym of me." Jie then handed him a litllc croit — it 
ie doubtful from tlw- authiir'n word* whirthcr uf wlk (leide) 
or Btrings (taifeii) — very pn-ttily jilaiU-d. It waa the leuK*h 
of a finger, wa* hollovr within, and jingled when it was 
■hokeu. .Secondlv, a Mlraw hat. which be limi mndc himself, 
and in which uiiglit be seen forms and figurco ycry ingeni- 
ouily mndc in the Tariously-colcurod slniw. 'i'airdly, a 

* Thit ■• nuiaal niHiiin of bh foi llie Dwiifi, iFi'l cirn ih< ujirli. id iIw 
otdCIwuiin pMtrj; miban', p. 'iOB lp Oliili ilii >aid«l Hlbtilch: nH Mrtin 
Kinda mti;r tttt virtden jdfrt o/f / md of Aniilott \a iri*irlj\ Ati^tah^ipr : 
0r war littm iriirf WtC ffrAi m der m/iat alt diu tii4, KVnn n lA fUr jAm 
•••<, Gtiuicn. Dent. UjtWU p. 4 IS. H'l latrt »iih li«Ttn ia luliutpoMir: 
B Mm U Jar«fr vn naiio *\ plprtno 


leathern i/love let witli peark, whicb formed wondi'ifnl 
figarDH. He then Bubjuiiieil this prophwiy: "So long «• 
tiume tliitiRs remain unacpnrntcd in good prttscrratioD iit 
your family, to long will your L-nttrv rnce flouriah, sad their 
good fortiino rautiuuully ini'reaae; but if tbeoe praienta are 
dinded, lost, or wasted, your race will d«creaae aud siok." 
And vhen he pc-rccircd thnt tlw taasWr Kpp««rcd to set no 
particulnr vnlui' on tliL- [in>i)e:it, hn continued : " 1 frar thnt 
you do iiot much esteem tlieso things, sjid will let them ro 
out of your haad» ; I thorcrnro coud8cI you to giro them in 
charge to your niaters Aiine and Catherine, who will take 
better cum of them." 

Ho aeeordiiigly gave the gifts to his aiHtere, who took 
. them and kept them cnn'fully, and never showed them to 
aoy hut iiio>t nnrtimlnr friiind». After their dnih they 
reverted to tlieir brother, who took tht-m to lunidRlf, and 
vrith him they reDinioed go long as he lived- He showed 
them to the ministter Felilmium, nt lii" earnest request, 
during a confidculiiiL conversation. When ho died, tlicy 
cum* to hi" Duly ihiu^htcrr Adelaide, who wiui ninrrirtl to 
L. TOO H., along with the rest of the iuheriliuioe, and they 
nmained for aome time in her possession. The son of the 
minister Feldmaun made oeveral ini^iiirirs about what had 
lAerwanU become of the lloua^spirit's jireaciita, and he 
learned tliat the straw-hat was gireu to the emperor 
Ferdinand II., who regnrticd it as something wonderful. 
Thn leathern kIovc wiu Ktill in his timo in the possession of 
a noblemnii. It wa4 short, and juDt exuetly reached abovo 
the hand, and Ihcre was a snail worked with pearln on the 
part thnt came above iho hand. What became of the little 
crOM wua ncvrr known. 

The Bpiril departed of his own accord, after he had staid 
four years, from 15iS4 to 13S8, at Hudemiihleii. He aaid, 
before ho went away, thnt he would return onco more when 
the family would he declined, and that it would then flourish 
anew aua iucrcase lu cousequeuco.* 

S The fmti af Houif-fpiritB^ U ii plun, mwj Id gpnpnl b« Mrhbf^ 1* 
DOtrilo^ujiiu Hui] Ui cunlri*utc<tt ti Hovnla and Dtlinft. 




nitx Kobold or Hoiiiisi'pirit took up liis abode in II10 
) of the bintiopof HildL-HliL-im. Ilttn'un nnmod Ho^tirkm 
__ _[tttclicu, that te lliit«kiii or Little Hut, fi'Oiii his alwuvH 
w«ariiig a little IVlt hat very much dowii upon his fnco. l\e 
warn of A kind uiiil ubli^ing diHpositi<in, oftni told the biiihnp 
wad otliera of uhnt was to happi^u, sud he tixik gor-A uii-e 
~ tl i\w watchiDCD should not go to Hlerp oD their poitt. 
It mm, howL^or, dnnucmtiti to nfl'mnt him. Oixt of tha 
ullioiia til the blahou a kiU-'hen used to fliug dirt on him 
and splash him with foul wnter. Iltklekeu compliuued to 
the hond cook, who only Inushcd nt him, and snid, ■' Arc you 
n Hpirit ittid nfniid of n littio ]xiy f " " Since you won't punish 
th« boy," n-ijli«'d Hudukfii, " I will, in a U-w dnyii, let you 
bee how mudi afraid of hiiu I nm." Hud he neut olf iu hjiyh 
dudgron- Itiit very "oon at'tf r he gut tho boy n»Wp nt tno 
lire^dc, niid \»: .itrunehrd him, cut him up, and put him Into 
the pot on the fin-. \Vhi-ii the cook abusfd biiu for what h« 
had done, he eqtK^czcd toads all oTer the meat that wa« at 
the lire., and he soon after tumbled the eook from the brid^ 
into tli« deep mout. At lujil people i^tviK xo much idmid of 
hia Hetlini; fire to the tu«n and palaw?, that the biahop had 
him eioreincd niid bnnished. 

The following wan one of lliidekrn's principal exploitM. 
Tliera was a rnnu in liildeshi-im n ho Inul a liftht sort of wife, 
•nd one tinic when he was );oing on a journey he epoke to 
Hixlek<:n and »iiid, " My good fellow, jiiat keep an ev« on 
my wife whilt.' I am away, and m^ that all got-ii on riKht." 
Ifodoken agreed to do do 1 and when the wifo, after the 
rii-pnrtiire of her hvishand, mitdi' her gnllant* eomo to her, 
and WUH piinti to make mtTry with them, lliidekcn nl'K'ayM 
threw hiiHsi'lf iu the middle ooil drove lliem awiiy by asiiumiDg 
t«rriflc forma ; or, when any one had gone to bed, he iuviiiibly 
flung jim *i> roughly out on the floor ns to criU'k bin ribs. 
ThlU they Jkrcd, one after another, at the Ught-o'>love dntuA 


iitroduccd rtiem inlo lier eliainbcr, so tlutl iio on« ventuivJ 
to come Dpnr her. At length, irhuti the huebiuid had returned 
Lome, thi: honest giinnliAn of hi* honour ]>rc««Dteil himaelf 
btdbre liim full of y>y, niicl wtid, " Your riTturn i« incMit 

Stilt«ful to me. that I tnny eacaue the tniultte aud lUaquict 
mt villi hmi tiii|ioiiod upon iiie. ■' Who ar« you. prav ?" 
wild lilt- TUMI. " I am lliidck<!n," replied he, " to nnoni. at 
ijrgur dopanure. you Rave jour wife m diai^. To gratifv 
noa I have guarded her this time, and iitpl her from adut 
"twy, though with prat and tneeasant toil. But I bog at 
_Voa never more to commit hrr to my koppina; for I vrouU 
^•ooniir t^e charge of. aJid bo accountable for, all the swioe 
Siaxony for one such woman, so mauy were tli» 
' artiflcea aud plot* she derived tu blinlc me." 

fttna GoRirmjR-. 

Akotiied celebrated llouse^irit na King floldoBBr, irlto 
lired in ^vnt intimncv wit1i>«vF]inETODUiirdenberg,on tha 
Ilnnleiii'U'iti at the Tti'ihr, iini! often aleiit in the same bed with 
him. Hepiuved diubI beuuttfidly on the harp, and howafl ia 
the habit of *Iabiiig ereat »ums ol" money at dii-'e. He UAud 
to cull Nevelint! brolher-in-liiw, atid ofloii jtave him waminfc 
of various tljiiit>«, He tulk«l with all kinds of people, acta 
(Wed to mnke the elerjiy b!u*h by ilineovering tlipir atKtvt 
traiiBgtrssionii. Hin liandu wens thin like thoep of a Crag. 
cold liiid soft to tlic fii-1 ; he let liiniaelf he felt, but no one 
coidd see him. After remaining there for three yean, ho 
went awav without oflending ativ one. Some call fiua King 
Tollmiir, ami the (■hambtr in wliioh he lixed i» »till »aid to 
be ealksi A'i)llniar'a (.'hauiber. He innintiil on Imving a plaeo 
at the table for himself, and a ntiill in the stable for UU 
hor*e ; the ftwii, the hay, imd the oatK were oon«umed, but 
of niiiji or hor«' nolliiuK Uioif than the simdow t-vor wa( 
act^u. When one time a cunotin person had Ntrewed ashi-N 
and tares in liia way to make him fall, tlint his foot-priiita 
i&igltt bg seen, be ciunc Whiiul biu) aa ti« waa lighting th« 



Arc nnd liewcd him to piwps, which he [lut on the Hi)it und 
riianted, and ho bet;aii to boil the head and legs. As soon 
aa the medt wna ready it was brouglit to Vollmiir'a chaiaber, 
nnd pwvpto hcnrd givnt cries of joy aa it iiua coneumcd. 
\itvT tliw then.' wiut iiu trace of King Vollmar; but ovw 
*lie door of his chamber was found written, that in fiitun.' 
tho house would bo a» unfortuuaU! ua it hiid hithertu been 
fortunate ; tlic scattered property would not be brought 
Uix^ther again till tho time when three Hnrdeubergs of 
llardeiiBteiii should be bviug at the aiimo time. The apit 
mid the roasl meat were prencrved for a long time ; but thev 
disiipjieared in the Lorrnin war iu 1(!S1. The pot stiU 
rcmauis buUt iuto the wall of the kitehen.* 

Z^t iitinitlmsnilittt. 

It is not over Bfty years since the Heiuutliniinchcn, as they 
are called, used to live and perform their exploits tn Cologne. 
They were little naked miiuTiikins, who used to do all sorta 
of work ; bake bread, waah, and such like housiswork. So 
it is said, but no one ever saw them. 

Iu the titne that Ihe ileiiixelmiincben were still there, 
there was iu Colog-ne mtiuy a baker, who kept no man, for 
the little people used always to make over-uight, as much 
bla<.'k and whitji bri-ail aa the baker want<id for his shop. 
In iTiany bnuBen they uaed to wash and do all their work 
for the tnaids. 

Now, about this time, there was an «ipert tailor to whom 
thry apjHinred t<i luive taken a greai fancy, for when he 
married he found in his house, on the weddiu^-d>y, th« 
finest victualn nnd the most beautifiil vesaeU ana ub>nRilp, 
which tho little folk had ntolen elnowbere and brought to 
their farourile. When, with time, hia family increaaed, the 
little ones used to give the tailor's wife connderablo lud iu 
hor household allaint; they wnabed for her, and on holidnya 

• Von Strinen, W»iril. 0(«li. BfLCtimni, Dcut. Mjtbol.pi iJ7 


uid rrxtirnl {\mf.* Ihcj' Kyituvd thl^ coppnr ttnd tin, and th* 
hoiisi^ fr-Jiii lliu K'U'rti to tbis wUar. If at anj- time the 
tujti)r had a press of work, he «)m sure to find it all ready 
doDP for liim iu ttio morning bv the Hcuudmiuichoi)- But 
curiosity liegiiti now to tonoL-nt the tuilor'i wife, ftnd ahe iru 
^jiiig to get one Hii;lit of tiio HviuxeinixDchen, but do what 
UA would she could DcTcrimmpaAftit. Shoone timo strowrd 
peiS oU down tbo atiiirs thnt tni-y might fiiil nnd hurt tbrw> 
•elves, and tlmt so nhe itiinht (mn- thi-in ueit moniiuR. But 
this pr(gect misMul, and tiinoci tlmt tiiiio the HeinzAtnUDCheo 
b»TO totally disitpiH'jirpd, iis hiw l>pcn ovcrjwlicrc tlio emK, 
(MriiiK to tlie curiosity of gieuplc-, whit-h hits at M timva beea 
the avstruotton of so iiuicli of what wan bi>autLful in tbe 
world. The Hpiniclnianchcii, in consequence of lliic, wmt 
off nil in a biidy out of tho town with music plnying, 
but people could only hear the luusic. for no one oould see 
thp mnimikinii thcinnclven, who forthwith Rot into n boat 
vnd wttut uwiiy. whithiir no niii,* knowti. Tho good times, 
liowoTor, are said to have disappciired from Ookigne along 
witii the HeinEclmikncheo.* 



K«nnllhrdtr Wiu, munrn SctiHrr 
Vott Abi;* ■nhvan nnil gntp yon lltar 


Tb«1r ojim «n tiliuk, and gnap Uwlr hair— 

TKFf lurk lu Hllt:^ llllthA. 

Tbi Nixefl, or Water-people, inhabit lakea and rirers. TUe 
I) an ID Like itiiy other man. only he haa green ti-cth. Ho 
also woara a gn-t^n hat. Tlie femalo Nisc* appear like beau- 
tiful maidoiiB, On line sunny days they may be seen sltiing 
«n the banks, or on thi: braucheB of the tr^ca, combing their 

* OrtU, Ciiliu Vgndl. CDln. ISaS. 



lOng t!*>'<'^" IiK'ka. AVTien nny peraon is aliortlv to be drownrd, 
tlic Niio* mnv bo preriouBly secQ daiiL-iug on tlip surt'uci' of 
Ihe «-uUt. Thoy inhiibit » ningnificeDt rpgion below lli« 
water. wlutLer tlipy winietinies couvcy mortnls. A girl fmiii 
a Tiilimo Dear LeiDzit* wHa oiii> tiino at nf^rvioe iu tdn Iioum! 
of ft Nil. Shp »aiil thut cvcrjthiriK there wa« Tery good ; nil 
she had to comiilniii of was that sho wn« obliged to ent her 
food without wilt. Tlie female Nixt-a fre*iui'iitly go t« the 
nurkrt to buy meat ; thoy are always dressed witb ottreuie 
neatness, oulv a comifr of their npron or some other part of 
their clothes is wet. The man has also ora'aaiiinallv gtiiie to 
market. They are fond of carrying off women whom tbcy 
make wives of, and often fetch an earthly midwil'c to awist 
at tkoir labour. Among the ciaiiy tulea of the Nixed wo 
■elect the foUowing : — 

Kit ISfNftnt Kidi l^r CElHltrman. 


A WxTtB-UAN once liv«<d on good terms with a peasant nho 
dwelt not fur from his lake. Ue olloii vinited oim, and nt 
Last be|!l^.■d that the peosimt would viHtt hiiu m liis houHU 
under the water. The peasant eouseuted, and went down 
with him. Thf r<! was everything down under the WBl«r n* 
in a stately (iiUbim iin the lanil, — lialls, ehauibers, and cabi- 
netv, with costly fVu-uiture of every deseription. The Water- 
iniin IM hisgucKt over the whole, and nhowcd him rvcnthing 
that Has in it. They eamo at length to a Utile eliaiiiber. 
whore nere standing several new jHita turned up8ide down. 
The pMuiant nuked what was in them, " They conlnin." wn.i 
the re[)ly, " the noiiU of drownwl people, which I Jiiit under 
the pots and keeu them elose, su that they cannot get away," 
The pcjisnnt made no remark, and he came up again on th« 
land. But for n long time the alinir of the souls euiitiuued 
to give him great trouble, and he watched to find when tlia 
Wiiter-miin (iliould be from home. When this oei'iirri'd, aa 
ne liad marki-d the right way down, ho di'seoncleil into the 
vstor-housc. and, huvlug made out the little chamber, h9 
turned up all the pota one after another, and immediately 

■ 3 


tilt! aouIk of the drawiiwl peop.e aoceudiid out of the vtbtr, 
uid recovered tU«tr liberty,* 

die tJ3Mtz-0m(fb. 

rneXG iH a little Inkc in Wertplinliit rallwl tbe OarmMcn. 
from which the peeaaoto in the sdjaoent nllue of Epo uaeJ 
t(i hciu* all throiidi the mgbt a Bonnd m il of hiunmcnng 
upiiu nn nnvil. TVoplL' n-ho wore Awake u*od aiao to Kit- 
tH)mi^tliiu|> ill the luiudle of the Uke. Tliey (fot one tinie 
into n bont and went to it, and thcro they found that it was 
« Ninith, who, with hiii limiv riiiKHl over thr watt-r, and n 
tiammer iu liis iiaiid. poiut«if Ui an aiivil. and bid the people 
bring him something to forge. From that rimi! fortli they 
brought iron to him. nod no people had such good plougli- 
irona n thoM^ of Epc. 

One time au a iimn froin this nllHRe wBa ffettinj; reeds at 
th« Danosaen, he tbund among theiu a little child that waa 
rough all over hin boHv. Thv nniith cried out> " Dou't tnlte 
away my Don!" but tfie man put the child on hb back, and 
ran homo with it. Since that time the smith ban never mors 
Iwen iK!cn or heard. 1'Ke ninn renrml the Roughv, and ho 
became ihe ctuvereiit utid beat Itul in the plaee. but whea 
ho waa twenty yonni old lie said to the farmer, " J-'amier, I 
must IraTC vou. My fnther hits enlleil me^. " "I am aorry 
for that." aaid the fanner. " Ib then- no »ay tliat vou could 
atiiv with meF" "I will see about it," said the wat«r- 
child. ^ Do you go to Hrnumnke and fet<:h nie a little aword ; 
but you niu»l give the »e!li-r whuteier he asks for il, and iwt 
haggle about it." The fanner went to Braumshe and bought 
the xword ; but he bagglod, and gut nomt'thing elf the price. 
They now went together to the DarniBsen, and the Bougfay 
■aid, " Now mind. When I strike the water, if there coibca 

* Tlii« Icgini] leinit Id be eonricrlrJ Willi tlit «ni.>i«il idea of I'je wiiir- 
dclun uhing ihc luuli of druwncd pcnuu l« tbcnnlio*. lu lti« Kiit, lUl 
It dg» bj Iho KO-foUdtH Bao. 




id, I mini go B«ay ; but if thfre comcn mtlk, tlw-n I 
Stay «ith jou." He struck tlio nater, and tliKm cimie 
neither inilk nor lilooH, The Houghy was aimoycft, and sniil, 
** YouAotxt been biu^iiimg and huggling.nnd ho thinvromiii 
Ueitlier bWd uor iiiilk. Go off to BrauniBki- s»J buy aiii>thi^r 
■word." The fanncrwont and returned ; but it wmi not till 
the third time tlint he bought n sword without hn^^gliug. 
When the Koughv struck the woti-r with Ibis it bceiiinr na 
nd as blood, and he threw liiiiisell' into the lake, a»d uever 
at wen more* 

^^at H 

C^t CQIartims CSxtniRan. 

At Seewenweiber, in the Black-Forest, a little WnteF-inaii 
(SMmanUiit) U»cd to voxnr. nnd join the people, work tht- 
■rbolo day Iting with lbi*m, and in the evening go hiu'k iiilu 
the Inkca. Tbi^y uited ti^ net kin breaktast nua aiiiiier aparr 
for him. Wht-u, in ap]ioi'tiotiiii|i; the work, the rule of *' Not 
too much and not too little " was infringed, he got angry, 
and knocked nil the things aliout. Thouub hia clotlit^H vit-rv 
old and wnni, ho Bteadily rt-fuBi«d to let tlie people get liiiii 
uew uivea. But when at last tlioy would do so, and one 
evening the Inkc-ninn wa« presented with a new coat, he said, 
" When one i> jiaid oil', om? must go away. Allvr thin day 
I '11 come no wore to you." And. uniiioied by llic cicuvea 
of the pwple, he never let himself be seen again-t 

Ctx ^ir-Hjbour. 

A MIDWIFE related that her mother wan one night called up, 
•od dc»irnd to mukti haatn and come to tlie aid of a woman 
Labour. It n ua dark, but not^^ ttliatanuing she got up and 

Oriatpi, W tap. f. (GS. 

t Orinm, «f tup. f. tSX 


i!re«ied birrwlf, aiid w«ut duwn, where alie found a man 
mutiny;. Slio bcggfd of bim to itav till she Bboutd get a 
Isatern, nnd site wuiiU go with him ; but be wiu urscnt. Mid 
hu woultl sliotv her thi- vay withuut tt luuUru, aud Uiftt Ui«re 
watt no fear of Ler };uit)g astnij'. 

lie thru haniliigcd her eyes, at which she wm t«mftcd, 
mid Vios going to cry out ; l>ut he to\il biT ■hu kah iti do 
dmiifer, and might go with him without auy approhemuon. 
Tiicv accordingly wi'ut away together, and the wotn&D n~ 
itiurKci) that he atriick the water with a rod, and that thtiY 
wiriit down det-'piT and Jeein?r till thoy faiiiu t« a room, iu 
wliirh th(>re irati no ono hut the lyiiig'iu woman. 

Hor Kiiido now took the biindngn off licr eye*, ".cd bcr np 
to thf ML. and ivcutniiiending her U> hiii wifr, went away. 
She then helped to bring ihe babe iiito the world, put the 
woman to Ix-d, waiihcd the babe, and did owrj-thing that ng 

The woman, vrateful to the midwifo, then B«<ci«lly Raid to 
ber ; " I am a ( 'hriKtian woman as well as yon ; and I was 
cariicd oB'by « Wnlcr-mnn, who cbangtd mc. Wh«Domr I 
bring a child into thi- world hi- always eata it on the third 
day. Come ou the third day to vour [loud, and you will aee 
the water turned to blood. When my hkieband oomea in 
tiow and otlers you moniry, take no more from him than you 
luuaUy get, or viae he will twist your neck. Take good 

Just then th«- hnshand camo in. Ho waa in a great pas- 
sion, and he looked all about ; nod nbc-n he saw tliat all had 
gone on properly he bestowed great praise on tho midwife. 
Ho then threw a great heap of monev on the table, and aiud, 
"'Dikp na niueh a» yon will!" Soe, however, pmdejitly 
answervd, " I di-sin- no iiion^ from you than from othL-rs, and 
that is a Duiall duih. If you giv« me that I am content ; if 
you think it too much, 1 a»k notliing from tou but to tnko 
me hoiiKT atain." " It i» <j()d," MiyN he, " fiax direcbrd yon 
to aay thai." He paid her then the sum she mentioned, 
and coudiii'lod hor home honestly. She waa, however, afraid 
to go t» thr [lund at the appointed day. 

Thoro are many other talcs in Gormany of midwivea, and 
tmii ludi<-.i of rank, who have Ixjeu called in to aaaiat at Ntx 



or Dwarf liiliour*. Thi? Almfmu vou Ranzau, fur eiamjilf, 
aud tlie Frau von AlvcuBlebeu^ — tlie Lndii^s I)i~tutitiJ\i[ of 
G»nD!inv — were wakcil up in the night to ntttnd the little 
womrn in thrJr rinifinomcnt.* Tlu-rc in the unmc ilAngirr 
in touohitiK HiiylJiiuK in the D«u,rf us Ui the Nu abodos. but 
tlie Uwarf!* usually btatow ritifijs ADd other articles, vhich 
will cau»r the fnmily to floiiri«h. Wr hnve ncrn tain of tho 
Hijio kind ill Scundiiittriit, aud iihnll meet with them iu mauy 
other countries. 

' A ulf oT ihh klnri ii lo be trcn In t.uilipr'i Tibli-talk, toM ij Jufivm 
dtclvriu, hii wife The Kino gf il m* Ifag rim HoliI^ 


I •■ tMBo MMh tm lu<a 
USA dU caiM SnrgMn llm ; 
EMnawMltdMli budibtgaM, 

Vui K bUtntcb OhRwu i 

Wot (hon kI>o In Ib^ orunCry 

amiiU Id dim:, bul Ultlblt (UM, 
And >a kind wt ^anBrnu I 

Vft now mrive ut StvitU'rlnnil, a cciiuitiy with which W9 
iiHUiilly aaaiH'iuted iAeau of sublimu and roiiiAstic sei-li^rj', 
simple mauuera, and hoQeiit hearta, Tlie chornct^r of tlw 
Swiss Dwarfs will l)p found to correspond with thcBi* idrns. 
For, like the fufc of Nuturc, these pereonificHtioin <if iiatiiral 
pitwera BWm to bi>«oine more geutle and mild a^ iWy 
approach the ami and the south. 

The UwnrfB, or little Hill, or Earth-men* of SwitxcrluiKl, 
are deaeribed aa of a lively, iojoua dispoaitioii, foiid of rtrwll- 
io|f through the Tallcvs, aua vieviug and )tarukiii)- iu the 
Uboim of ngrinilture. Kind and gensroOft, iher luv 
ivprt'oentiHt un drividg home Btmjr bunba, uid Ie«Tiiig Dni*h> 
wood Aud berri«a iu the way of ]>oor children. Their priu* 
cipal occupation is hiM?piiig cattlo~~Dot goBts. sheep, or 
cows, but tln^ chnmois, from whose milk thcv mAo rx<fll«n)t 
and wcll-flavomvd uhee*-. This cheese, wlieu Kivwi by thm 
Dwarfs to auy one, has tlie property of growing n^ain when 
it has hc<tn <v,t or bitten. Itut should tlio htmery owner bo 
impruvidfut enough to ent up the whoh- of it mid ]faxe 
uothiug from it to upruut from, he of course has seeu thi.- eoil 
of his chwse. 

* la SoiM JlarJaumdii, pi. BarJmSiuUaU' 




Thp Kobold* arc nlso to be met witli in Switirrlnml. In 
the Vaudois, they call them Servants,* nnd believe tbut they 
live in remote dwelling!) uiiil lonely elnela.t The uioet cele- 
brated of tliem in thoM purta ia Jean de la Bolii'ta, or, iw bo 
is called in (lerman, Napf-llnns, i. e. Jack-uf- the- Bowl, 
becttUBc it was the niHtoni to hiy for hini every eveuiug on 
the roof of the cow-house a bowl of fresh aweet creaui, of 
which he wa« eiire to give a good nccount. He used to tend 
the cows to feed in the most dangerous idnoeB, and yet none 
of them ever Bimtuiiied the aligiitest injury, lie always 
went along the same Htorp path on which do one ever «aw 
rvtm a single stone lying, though the whole side of thfi 
wountaiu was strewn aa thiekly aa poBsiljIu with bouldera. 
It is still called Boliotn's Patli.t 

Rntionnlining tlieofy hna been nt work with the Swim 
Dwarfs also. It is supposed, tluit the early iulmhitants of 
the Swias mountain!), when driven back by later tribeei of 
immigrants, retired to tbo high lauds nnd took refuge in the 
elefbi nnd cnveniB of the mniintains, whence they gniduidly 
rIiowimI themselves to the new settlers — approached thcni, 
iwHiBt<?d them, and were (iiiulty, aa a speeies of Genii, rained 
to the region of the wonderful. 

For oiu- kjiowlcdgc of the Dwarf Mythology of Sn-itwr- 
hind, wo are ehii-lly indebt*^ Ui profca^or Wyss, of Bern, 
who hw put some of the le^fends in a poetical dress, and 
civen others in the notes to his Idylls as h« styles thoni.§ 
Thew legends wi^re relaUil liy the peasants to Mr. Wyeii or 
hiii friends, on their exeurai<mH through the mountninn ; and 
he declares that he has very rarely pirrmitted himself to add 
to, or subtroet from, the peasants narrative. He adds, that 
the belief in these bi-ings is strong in the minds of the pe<)pli*, 
not merely in the ujouutaiii diatrietH. but also at the foot of 
Belu mountain, Itt^lp, UelterHngen, and other plains about 

■ W]w, Bdu In du Dtrner OlwrUnd, U, 113. StrranU It ihr urm In 
lb* Brt(1n*l. 

f Tnli Scciiilth wnrJ, lipiirj-ini Ihr luinniFt »bln if ibc hriilinirn aa the 
KDUDIuni. (Urilf tiynmet iljo SciinhUiiFn of Ihc ^in. 

I Ai]ipnrnKn foe 11131, op. (inmm, Inirod, tn liiih Fiim Ltgrnil, 

i IMtrn, ViilVnigrn, Ifrnilrti, uiid Eiithlun[i'n «ii> <1» SchvriL Tm 
J. BiidWi»,r™f IV>i>, IRIS. 

II Id tlil>jer und i^iicn ui> drr Si-lmrii, ign Dr. Rudolf. MiLller. aiim. 


As A EpccimcD of Mr. Wtbu's nuumer of narrating time 
legends, we are hero a ^tliful ti«nalAtioii of fais Ant 

•cTlni&r niiO Aotg. 

QnOK, dniightcT, cpiick ! niin fff what '« i>n ytmr tx>ck. 
'TIS Saturday uifflit, and with the week juukoow 
Our work m'uat ond ; we ehall tho inor« enjoy 
To-nwWTow'ji rpiit when nil *» done out of lianil.* 
Quick, daugbti-r, i|utck ! Hpto olT what 's on your rock. 


True, mothpr, but every minuto stcop 
FftllB on my eyps iw hcnvr o« le-rwl, and I 
Mu3t yawn do whnt I will ; and then God knowf 
I can't hell) nodding tluuieh 'twere for my lil'e; 
Or, . . . oh ! it mitflil W- <jf some use if you 
Would once mor«, dear^'^t niothtT, tell about 
The wonderful, good-noturrd little Dwnrfa, 
Wlial they here round the country usied to do, 
And how they showed th«ir kindnoaa to the hinda. 


See now ! wh»t industry ! — your work itswlf 
Should keep you waking. I Imve told you o'er 
A thouHanil timcn the HlorieH, and we lose, 
If you grow wearied of them, store of joy 
B««erved for winter-nig htii ; hetidcii, mi-thinki^ 
The erening'* now too nhort for ohal like this, 

1B*2, in»j be found ■inie Ifspndl nf ihr KrrtmilnnUin, bnl Ihot m usiriv 
■It (lie auic u lliuH tullFrlfd lijr Hr. Wjh. Wr gic* twin) thOM In vhkn 

* The oncinal iv in G«rnuri liBxuiieun. 
+ Ii t* t nolinn in tome |nr» af (iFtniny, that if ■ |4(I l«*n« inf fln ar 
tow on her djautf unapnn mi HAEwrrfk; niifhlf noitr nf what rtciumi vill aakt 
good ihirod. Gnmui, l>riji. MjUioL A nhaug, p. btiiU 





Tlicrc *8 only one thinf» I deHirc to bear 
Agnin, and irurc, it-nr molhcr, Dcvrr yet 
UaTC you exjiliiin(.-il Iiow 'twiu thn little men 
Lived in the liiils, iwd liow, nil llmnigh the yenr, 
Thar aportcd round the i^untry heri>. and guve 
Varka of their kiudii<-M. Kor yoii 'II neVr persuade 
Me to believ'ii that bwu'ly. one by one, 
They wanderi'd in the valleya, and apjieared 
I'nlo the people, and hcstowcd their gift§ ; 
So, come now, ti-ll at onw, bow 'twns the Dwaifii 
Lived aQ together in soiiely. 


"Bb ^^n* bowevor, of it««If. and well 
"VW mOn can ww, that such an tictive race 
Would never with tlwiir hnndii bt-forti them <it. 
Ah ! a right rnitrry lively tliirijr. and full 
Of roguixh tricks, the little flill-iuun ia. 
And quiekly too he gels into a rnge. 
If you bchoro not toward liiin inanncrly, 
And be not trunk and deliuat<t in your aeta. 
But, above all thioga. they delight to dwell, 
Quiet and ppnocful, in the eecrcl clefts 
Of hills mill nionutninn, evemioiv conei'ided. 
All through the winter, when with lev rind 
Tbe frost doth cover o'er the earth, tlie wi» 
And prudent littlo people heep them warm 
By their fine lircH, many a fatnom dnwii 
Httliin the iinjoat roekit. Pure native |{old. 
And the roek-erviitaU iihnped like towere, elear, 
Trnnnpan-nl, K'""ni with ei)lour» thou!4atidrwld 
Through the fair |>alacc. and the Little-folk, 
So happy mid so fpiy, amuse themwlvi-s 
Sometimi'S with winijing — Oli, mi gwcttt! 'twould cham 
The heart of any one wlio heard it sound. 
Sometitiiet) with dancing, when they Jump and spring 
Like the young akipping kid« in the AIp»gnn>. 

Tkeu when the npriiig ia come, uiid ill the littlda 



THio fliiwcra nro bloomuig. with Kwvct Ikfay'* Appn»c)i, 

Tliey bolta &nd burs tuke fVom their doom Ana gates, 

That porlj' rro the hind or hunUr trtira. 

In the «x>l tiKirning, they may eport and play ; 

Or ramble in the «veiiiug, when lh<t niomi 

Lights up the pliuns. i^eldoDi hath inortiil iiian 

Beheld tliem with hiH nycn ; tint should on« cbanco 

Tci aee thwn. it K'toki-ris suffering 

And a bad year, if bcut iu woe they glide 

Through wondu and thirki-ta ; hut tiie aight proclaims 

Joy und guod lui-k, wheii tsooiul, in a ring. 

On the ^reeu meadit and BeldR, their hair adorned 

With Hower*. they ^hoiit and whirl thoir merry roiuidai 

Abuudnnfi- then they joyounly anniiimci; 

For born, for erllar, and for gnuiiLry, 

And a bloet year to men. to lierds, and game, 

Thiia they do coiistiintty foreshow wliut will 

Be&ll to-morrow and hereafter ; now 

Sighing, aiid still, by their lameiitiu({ tones, 

A furioiin tempest; and ngiun, with sweet 

And nmiling lipe. and shouting, dear bright ttkics.* 

Chief to ilie jxKw and good, they love to show 
Kiii<)ne8a and favour, often briocing home 
At night the rtnkying Inmhs, and onmer still 
III springtime nieely spreading. In the wood, 
BrushwiKHl, in noble bundles, m the way 
Of needy children gone to fetch borne fuel. 
Many a good little girl, who well obeyed 
Her mother, — ur, mayhap, a little bov, — 
Has, with surpriae. found lymg ou ttie bills 
Drigbt dazzling howlMof milk, and baskets too, 
Nice little biwkets, full of bL'rries, left 
By the kind hainii* of the wood-roaming Dwajf& 

Now be attentive while 1 tell you oiii- 
Out of a hundn.'d nmi -.i hmnired stories j 
'Ti» one^ bowpvi-r, lluit ioiici>nm us more 
Than all the rest, because it was my owu 
Ureat-great-gmiidfnther tliat the thing befell* 
In the old time, iu ycam long nince ngono. 

> fflnw » lilt Mm (iDpla^td in ttwlu'iLaoJL 



Wiero from the lofty rocks the boundary rmu 
Down to tlic vnlc. Unrtbel, of berdmnen flrat 
In all thu (■ouiiiry nnitKl, tvnH jilniighing up 
A spaciouB Sold, wlifre hi.' desimii-d to try 
The eopd of com ; but with anxiety 
Hin hciirt win« filled, lent by any enanoc 
Hie veuturt' ahould iniML-iirry, fur his uliwp 
In the contagion he had lost, uow poor 
And without akill, hr ventures on Ihr plough. 

Dplibemte and Htill, lit thr jilouj;h-tnil, 
In fiuTows he cuts up the grnssy soil. 
While «"itli the goful hin little boy drive* on 
Tlie panting ox. When, lo! olcmg tlin tall • 
Kocky bill-side, a smake iisoends in douda 
Like finow.fliikea. sonring from tliP summit up 
Into the skv. At this the hungry Iwy 
Began to tliink of food, for the nnor child 
Had tasted nothing nil the live-long day 
For Inncli, and, looking up, he thun began : 
" Ah ! thcrii the little Dwiirf-folk are bh gay 
At their uraud cooking, roasting, huiliug now. 
For a tine banquet, while witli hunger 1 
Ani dying. Had w<- bcrn ana little dinh 
Of the nice aaToury lood. were it hut as 
A dign that there's a blessing on our work !" 

'Twua thuH till? bny xpnki-, and hia father pluugbed 
Silently on. bent forwarda o'er lus work. 
They turn the plough ; when hujtza ! lo ! behold 
A niimcli? ! Ihcri^ grenmcil right fnini the niitUt 
Of the dark furrow, toward ihi-rn, n bright 
Lu«lre, and there so eharmiug I lay a plate 
Ui-iiptKl up with r»iu>t Ttirut ; by tho plate, a loaf 
Of bread upon the oulapread lahle-eloth, 
At tiie disposal of the honest pair. 
Hnrral long livt.- the friendly, geni-rous Dwiirfi! 

Barthel had oovf enough — tto hard the boy^ 
And laughing gratefidly and loud, they (imise 
And thank the giT<'m ; thiai, with atn-ngth rv-stured, 
Tliei- ^uick reliiro unto their idle plough. 

13ut when agnin their day'a task they resume. 
To break more of Ihf fwrld, vncouraj^t'il iww 



To hope for a good crop, stniie the kiiwl DwarA 

Had giveu theiu Ibe aigu of luek tliejr atiki'd — 

Hiuh I brf-nd aod pUte, and crums, and knife nnd Ibri^ 

Wi-re vaiiislu^ cltuui ; [iiil_r^ii»l for ft sign 

For ever of the truth — iaj' on (be ridge 

Th« white, Dice-woven, pret^ table-dotk 


O mother! mother 1 vhat? the glittering platv 
And ren] ? and the doth with their own buuu 
Spuu h; the EWnerouB I>n*arf» ? No, I eon ne'er 
Bali«T« it ! — naa th^ thread then, real drawn 
And twisty thivad, set in it crenlj ? 
And Kua there tuo n flowor, n ]>mlty figure, 
Nieelv wrought ia with warp ajid crossinc woof? 
Did tbciv a handsome border go all round, 
Euclosiiig ;ill thu liEiirea V — Sure vtiur grcut- 
Qreat-grandfiit!i«r, if resllv ht; «iin 
The owner of llie curious litllo eloth, 
IIo would have loft it carefullr unto 
]lia Bon nnd gmndnoii fur n IcEJury, 
Tliat,fura hmling witoi-sa of llie iiiL-al 
Given bv the l>warfii, it might to distant jean^ 
The prw«o and wonder of our vale remiuii. 


Odds me ! hnw vntc the child i« ! vhat a lo« 
And pity 'tis thnt in old tinii-s th« folk 
Wer* not bo thoughtful iiud bo over-knowing! 
Ah! our poor simple fathers should rise up 
Out of thiHr (trnvpii, nnd enmc to gut ndvicn 
And couifort frotu tlie hrooderii thai are uowf, — 
An if they knew not what was riijht and fiti 

Have but a little rntience, girl, and t>pin 
"What'a on your rock ; to-morrow wliun 'tis day 
I 'U let you Bee the Dwarfs' flowered tuble-clot!^ 
Which, in the ehest laid safe, inhcrilod 
F^om mother down to daughter, I have lon^ 
Kept treasured under luck and key. for fear 
Some little girl, like some one that you know, 
Might out of curioflily, nnd not 
Ac<]UAint«d with its worth, set it astny. 




Ah, tliat is kind, dear mother; and see no*r 
Euw broad awako 1 am, and how m umart 
I 'm finialiing my work §ince von rv'iato 
These prt'tty tales ; but I will call you up 
Out of your bed to-morrow iu the morning 
So early 1 Ob, I wiith now it were diiy 
Already, for I 'm mire I shnil uot get 
One wink of dfv^ fur thinking of tbo dotli.* 

V^t Cfjnmaui-IDitnUr. 

A OBAVoiB-BVKTBB Bet out early one morning, and aaceniied 
the niountAins. lie had arrivi'd at a gn^nt heiglit, and was 
iu vivw of voinv chumoi*, whi'ii, juxt ub lie was laying bia 
bolt on bin cniMibotv, and van about to elioot, a terribk cry 
from » deft of the rock interrupted hia purpose. Tnrinnfi 
round he saw a hidcou« Dwarf, with b bntUe-aie iu his hand 
niiwd to >lay him. "Why," uHed be, in a rage. " hast thou 
■0 long been deetroying my cbanioia, and leavest not with 
me my flock? But now thou shalt pay for it with thy 
blood. Tho poor hunter turned pnle at tbo etranger'a 
words. Iu hia terrur ha waa near falling iruin the <:liff. 

• Thi» bipifid WM picked op bj • txifni nf Mt. Vju when an * Dipogn- 
IIUm] mybk in ihr iiQighlxiiirhEioiJ af tWm. Ii >rtt inli 14 hjm hj 4 ptvtonl 
■f Balp ; " hut," Hf • Mr. Vi'vh, ■■ if I ruIIkI rijihi, tfaii nun Hid It ma * 
aico ■QiokiD^-hoi akg thai ni '>n ihc pliM, mni It i>u • Mrruii. nut the 
oitn'f Kn, whu ni driving the pivu|[h. Thr rirouiu»tui» of (he tAbIc-«la(b 
beiofl bukdcd down from luatJicr to <lkitgl»tf r," bo bid*,"* It « bit aJdilLun 
«AtA Iba** tU»«»d ai..rll." 

Tb« wriMr ncallrcu to Iaic b«nl iliii itnr;, whin ■ hoT, fmu hi nirl 
io InUnd : tod he wold probibl]' [uiini nui thg nri HM in dw 

aatr of Kildm wherr it occurred. A tnu uiil ■ bo; wnrt plnujililnii : iho 
^f, M lhf7 wcrr ibtiiit id the mkd^lp of their fucTDi*, «tiir.llT4 rovl \/r^t, itnd 
wiih^ for tnmr- Ai Ihej rrlumrd, it wxt iyioi mi tlin g^ki* haftm them. 
When tbpv hud e«tpti. the bn^ iiwd " GoA blcnmt,v>AOttii hlna Lhofurieal^ 
did n'lE girv IhLnkk. hhd he mvl with niihfuEtunirt vary thurltjr ftlltf* 
^Tlio mm^ WgmA it a]«o in Qcotlwi^ fin below. 



«<»« kiod iumI friejtdljr to th« pewits, ohen perfimning hull 
and bMTf worii for thrm in llie nt);ht: and when ilut 
O>u]iti7-poop1e auii« carir iii tlx; nuiniini; with their aaim 
And toots, lui-y naw, to tlicir nstoiiiiilinu-Dt. that thr work 
waa alrvadv done, while the Dwaxta htd tlwniBclrts in thi* 
bushps snci l&aghed aloud at tba MtODnh*d ruottos. OfWn, 
too, wmt the peoaanU incenaed to find their oora, which 
«raa starMly jei ripo, lyiu); cut on thi> invuiul ; but ahortlv 
after there wm ruit t<> ocunp on such a h^-Htarm, that it 
hccMni' obviiiiiui thnt hordlj a viugli- xtnlk rould haTC escaped 
dcKtructiun hod it not been cut. aud then, from tho bottom 
of their h««rta, ther thanlKNil the prorideat DwBTf'pMipliv 
Hut at liut mankind, through their own folly, depnred 
themiwlTM of thu favour and ViudueiMi of the DwariV ; they 
(ltd the country, and since that time no mortal «ye baa aocn 
them. The cmiNC of th^ir drparturo was thia : 

A Khi-pbL-rd had n Bnc rhi-rry-tnv* that stood OO th9 
mounlaiii. When in the Buitiui«rr the fruit h»d ri|)C]Md, it 
hspw-ned that, three times ninninK, the tree wu »mpt, and 
ail tne fruit spread out on the benehea and hurdler, wh<'r« 
the shepherd himiwlf u«i'd to gprrnd it out to dry for tH» 
wintrr. Tlie peoplu of the villiigt? nil wiid, " It could be 
none but the Kucd-natured Dwarfs, who tome by iiijiht trip- 

iiinf; aloHR with their fert covered with lonf; niantlea. aa 
ight lui hrrda, ntid itiduHtriounly perform for mnnkind their 
dSly work. People have often natehed them," Mntiniird 
the narrators, " but no one diKtwrhn thein : ther an- loft to 
ci>nii> and ^ tui th»'y plnuH-." This talk only cicitod the 
curiusity of the ahepherd, and he loiit;i.-ii to know why it wu 
that the I>warfB ao carefully concealed their fwt, and 
vheUuT they wc(* diflcn-ntly formed from those of men. 
Aeeordinfc'y. next rear, vthvn thf nunimrr cnme, and the 
time when the Dwarfs 8eer«tly pidU<d the th(?rric», wu! 
brought them to the ham, the «hephrrd took a sack fittl of 
aahM, and strrned thcni about under the chi^rnr-trce- Next 
monuDK, at break of day, be hastened to tli« place: tho 
tree was plucked completely rmpty, and ho saw the niarku 
of scviaul gooau-feet inipreoavd ou the aihe^i. 'J^ho ahf^phenl 

• In Knnl of Itie hl|lt n)1rn of BotnurUnd ll b onlf ■ tinili chmj- 
tnt vhLch hap^vft In 1« l^vnu.iiblf diii4(ed lh*i hr*n ffu^l. Il boon iW^ 
daoltj, ind \}i9 tiuit fipvnt kboul Ibo mon(h td Au|ub(, WfM, 






thpn luu^Uod and Jeiiti*d nt having; iliiirovcrcd thu Dwuft'' 
wCTvt. But »oon allt'r iho Dwaria bnikc Mid laid wiuti- 
tliutr hoiMe*. aiid Ht-d down dn^iKT in tlie niouutain to tlit-ir 
Btiieudid nerrt-t |>itbu.'ir, that haa lung lni[i i^mpty to ivcaivc 
tlieni. Vwcd »illi taimkiud, tlwy turvi-r more k""*"*^^! thwn 
thrir aid; and tlio iinprudeat auepherd whu had betnrnl 
tbL-iu Lit.-(:tuiu! aickl}', and coutiiiucd so to tho end of his loe.* 


WAnp came du«ii oni: night from the clKumut wooda ou 
tho i>id(< of thi' nioiititiiin over the villuKR »f Wn)i^hvr_vl, and 
vnquiivd for the houai* of a midwife, whom litr cnrnuatly 
preaaed to ootue out aud go with him. She coiute'iiled. aod 
tlic IJwarf. bearing a light, led the way in ailrnrc to the 
wciod*. U<> nfojipi'd ai laat bt-foro m clt-ft in n rofk, at whicli 
they <inti'ttxl. and (h« woiiiiui Huddtidv found her!M--lf iti a 
niaK">l>L'eut luUl. t^lie naa theueo led through se'voral rich 
a|iartmeiitg to the charabcr of utatc, where tlie queen of the 
l>irari«, for whom her niTi'iwa Wl^^e recjuired, wan Ij'iug. 8h* 

tierlormcd her ulTice, aud hrou^ht a fairyuuiig priuce to th* 
i^hl. She waa tiiauked and dieiniseed. and her former OOB- 
diictor appraoid M lead her homo. As he waa tjiking Iobyp 
of hcT, he fiUud her aprnu n JlJi aumethitig, biddiug her ou no 

■ Cnmwn th> nufitfn In the SvIh JlnlfCt ^nn \if Gtimm, Drnt. 

Ufthul. p 4I>. Thewnff prwnni of Ilrlp vbn rrldfd ihc dial Irgrni) mi 
Mt. Wj«i't (utbnrilf tor ihit on*, " Tim T>ni«hinf of iho n«r(niliiliin,"W<* 
Mr Wth^ *feppMn Co be ■ niHMtr vf imparimtim Iq tlm pupulu fiuEb, ll 
k hlinnt BlfiBn tu-dbrd to (hi fjiull of muikjnd — aonaclimra ta IhehP 

Wd mtj ill (Fic« uIh rrrit^Tiiie ilir box of f*4ndon anilfir ■ tIJIfrmit Ibnp. 
biri ihc nKiind i> the Hiiic, Curtuitiy anil aridcJuna *n ttlll Ibt nuw si 
Bupartiir 'rciijL'i williilraitln^ yht\T tftfMf Itnm man, 

■■ I havp ne»ir »nj wUfie *l«," ™j« Ml. Wt". " liraH of thr p>ine-ft« ; 
but iLikt til la ndl n|{hl wirh Ihrlr fori i< sii-lini from ihr |ia{>ulu Itadiiiui: 
|l>ln| lone mllliif dihiiIm m thp Jtraa of ihn liillc ptnple. 8001c "111 Kai* 
U thai thrlf Itrl m ntu\v\j fornifd, but nt on Ibcii Irja Uie witinj W17, m 
that lliff lora arr bcbin4 and thu Vic*l> brfaie.' 

Ilrittnod, m hia IlKTanliic of llili Blnanl Atlgoll, ft SS(, nlll« 1 (lot* 
vliK'b KtdulU HvrD (4 rcffir lo a ikmilar briirf. 

I wtipi ■■ i-bui 




McHXiiint to look at it till alio ««s in her own huuiie. But tlto 
iiuiiiun cDulil not <\>ntroI tier rariMiIr. und t)ie ntoineut tlw 
PwftrfciisBppoami, nhr partly oppiicd the iipron, and lo! tlw-re 
«riM nothing in it but ounie blui'li ii>alH. In a rngr, nbe iJiook 
tlivin out on the f^uiid, but sbei kept two of them in her 
hands, as a proof of tho shabby tretttment nhc hod met with 
from the Dwarf*. On mwliing iiomr, nhe threw thrm nimi 
down on the K'^uiid. H^r hiubuud cried out witli jov and 
HurpriM}, for they sbone like earbimclec. She assertea tluil 
tholhnirf had put nothing but main into her npron ; but who 
mn out to i^all ii ntri^hbour, who kn»w men.' of iiuch things 
than they did, aud he ou euuiitiiii|; tlieiu pronounced tbeia 
to be precioua ttonps of great value. The woman immo- 
Hiatnly run boi^k to where sbi- hnd shaken out the *uppO«rd 
u^bIm, but they were all gone.* 

t^t lElonlirrfuI Uttlt poucb 


At noon one day a youn(; peiiHant sat by the side of a wood, 
and. eiKhinR. prayed to God to give him a morw:i of fund. 
A iJwart" duitdnnly emerifrid fmm the wood, and told him that 
hill prayer should bi- fnlfillcd. He tlien gave him the poneh 
Diat be had on hlx side, with the a>i»iiranee that lie wuuhl 
always find in it whyrrwithnl to natiiify his thinit and huM"er, 
charging him at tin? name time not to eonimme it all imil to 
nliare with any one who asked him for food, llie Dwarf 
>auialiod. and the peasant |'ut his hand into the pouch to make 
trial of it. oud there he found a enke of new brriid, a ebeeso, 
uid a bottli! of wine, on wlueb he in&de a hearty nieul. H» 

* MUlW, Bildur unJ Sa^n. p. 119; He abotr, p. Bl. C»Ii m th* 
ttmul lorin under Mluth tlie Pwiifi ruii«Al Ibo (frvrLuu* nvUlL W* «!•« 
Cnd ihi> toil in HnndiiiKu. A tcnlih who llHd imr Aaibiiui iu JuiUnJ, 
H hn <tw piinj W cliunfa, hw t Trail on llw ncdaiilit vtt)' b-aj iboul Ihs 
•inwi llitl liiil )[ui icruH uch oihrr on ■ hny of CD*)*, and uhlrli. Ju whu 
lui wDuld. Iiv cDuld iiul rrainvf from \hf\T poklUnn. Ba Mk*A iht tnjLlh [o 
id It foe btm ; but lie who knpw Irtiicr Lhinm took np itw ««lt ■>th iho frott 
■rr«<4 oil ihem. mnd rvrrifd ilipm homr in iphe of Ihe •rivtnkf at (be Tnilf 
■«d «hgn h* mchrd hi> own hauu b* found il kh • Iw^r UvHiirc he t(4 
|M,OT«r ■blob tbiTnll hid Int ill panr Thie l^ L 132. 

&uia MW that the [Mueli swelled up as before, and lookinf; in 
ho fouad that it wai again full at bn«iJ, chccMi, Mid wini*. 
He now fdt mini of hi* food, and lie tivnd od ui an idle 
luxurioUH vvf, without doing any work. One day, aa lie naa 
gorgin); hiiiiDelf, there t^anie up to hiui a feeble old man, whn 

[>raj'rd him to grre hiin a nioTMrl to fAt. Hr rtrritiwd in a 
irutal, rhiirliih tone, when inntantly ttiu brt-ad and (.'hem- 
broke, and amttvivd out of his hiuida, aud pouch aud all 

ftdr xtit J^uaii^mtnU 



Ok the aide of Moiint PiUtus is a plaoe nanipd the Kastler- 
Alpc, now covprrd with utonox nnd nihliiiili, hut whii'h onco 
wan verdant and fertile. Tho tuuse of thu change wna oji 

The land there waa fonnerly oi-eupied by a fanner, a 
diurtiah, unfeeling man. who. though wealthy, let his only 
•irter stniggic with thi- grcut*-:"! porprty in th<i vallry 
baiiMth. Thu poor woman at hMigth having fotlvn nick, aiict 
■nrinfl no other ri'souree, renolved to apply to her hard- 
boMtod brother for the means of employing a doctor. 8hp 
wnt her doughlor to him ; but all the pruypri and t^arn t'f 
the ponr girl failiii to move him, nnJ \v. told her he woiihl, 
sooner thiin give her anything, see the Aliie eovered wilh 
stones auil ruhhish. She departed, and an she went nlon^ a 
Dwarf »uddonly appeared lo her. She woiihl have fli\l, hut 
he gently detiiiiwd hrr. and telling her ho hiwl heard uJl tliiil 
had jiiutiied, gave her a paretd of herbs, « hich he nsHured hi-r 
would cure lier mother, nod a little chcciie, whieh he wiid 
would lant them a lung time. 

Oh trial, tho herbs quickly produced tho promised eff'Mt; 
aud when they went to trut the cheese they found tho knife 
would not penetrate; it, and no wnnder, for it va» pt\m eotd. 
Thcrn i^ki came a luildvu atomi on the mountain, and tha 
Kaatler-Alpe watt reduced to its present couditiou-t 

* Uailw, ■! Hip p. 133. 

i UUbr, HI Mfi. f. IM. 



€ii BiDATf 111 #CAr(4 d( ftaSting. 

Ovt niKht, during a tremendoua tAorm nf wind and miti, a 
Ilwarf ctuiio traTtlling through a llltlc villaf;e, and went fWim 
rottngp to roltnge, dripiiing with rnin, knocking nt the doors 
for Minitwinn. None, nownver, Itxik pity cm him, <ir wtwid 
<'|ien the door to receive him : on the contrarv, tiie inhabit- 
ants even mooked nt his di»treaf>. 

At the Tery end of the viUai'ii them dwelt two honrrt piKff 
peuule, B niun and hia wife, lired and Mai, thi; Uwurf crvpl 
nu nis staff up to their house, and tapped modestljr thrr« 
liiiicH at the little window. Inimcdiiiti-lv the old shepherd 
oiJonod the door for hiro, and cheeriiilly ofiiTcd him the litlld 
that Ihe hciimu nllordiid. Tint old wtiiunii priKlut-r'il noinc) 
bread, milk, and dieem;: thel>«ttrt'Bipj>£d a fcw drops of th« 
milk, and nte dome eruins of the brvnd and cheese. '' i am 
not used," enid he, laughing, " to ent nuch conrae food : but 
1 tbiitik }'ou from my heart, and God reward yiiu tor it : now 
that 1 am reott'd. 1 «ill prowitd on farther," •" Ood forbid !" 
criod the good woman ; " you surely don't think of going out 
in the night and in the xtomi ! It were bettnr tor vou to 
take a bed here, and bl-I out in the daylight." But iho Dwarf 
•hook his head, and with a amUe rallied, '' You little buow 
what bii.iinr'M 1 have to do this nighton the top of the moun- 
tain. 1 have to {irovidr for you too : and to-morrow ynu 
alial) see that I ain i ut uaKratL-ful fur thv kiudoMa you bav« 
■ihotni to me." t^u saying, the Dwarf departed, and the 
worthy old eouple went to rest. 

But at break i>f dny they were awaked by storm and 
tempest ; the liKhtuiiij;ri iliishrd iilong th« nil dky, and toi^ 
rents of water pourvd down the hilla and tlii«ugh theralley. 
A huge roek now tuiiiljli;d from tho top of the mountain, 
and mlled down toward the villnge, nii'rjirig along with it, 
in its eourse, Irct*. Blonea. and earth. Men and cattle, wery 
thing in the villagi! that had breath in it. were buried beneath 

'A. The wavt'H liad now reached the cottam' of the two old 
people, aiid iii terror and dismay thoy »l«oii out Iwfore their 
door. Thi^y then hchdil afipfiMtt-'liiiig in tlie middle of the 
■tniiun ti hirjto piwe of rock, lUid on it. jumping mprrily, tho 
I>w>'arf, aa if he was riding luid stccriog itwitli a great trunk 
of a piDO tiU he brought it lieforii the houst^ where it strmmcd 
tha water and kept it Ironi the cottage, ho tbat both it and 
tha good owiien escaped. The Dwarf then aweLed aod grew 
higher *nd higher till he became a monstrouH Qiant, and 
noiiiihod in the nir, whili: tho »hl pMiilo were praying to Ood 
Mid thanking biin fur their delivet«ace.* 

* Tblt Mnr M WM of lita pltn* la the ni^liluidi <rf Bctnlog, st It*11i][Tn. 
% liill* TilUgf ne thv likr of Thun, «hrn ihfm gn« itnod * lawv otllfd 
RolU uid ifiun, of grliillinj^urf', a pliM iu t)» nlltj of Crindtmlil, 
luruitdi iLetciu^cJ bj ■ luuuliFkjEi illp. 

The rva^rr ficcd tcMicely be reminded o( lli« itorir* ctf Ijot and of Haucib 
*nJ CLIlTiiirin ^ act iIm Gmuoi'* KludM Bud Baundrcbn, Hi. Ifil,t>i 


ImM vlTHtelwUuillnolilUiMlMlli*. 

Td Thtvfl vld" UIA4 muoh 4r^t[ mm did glf% 
QfvAt tunv <ir cvblliui. fBirloA. bujfi, nti:hunu«h 
UnlilHiBd*lv« to iiuDf * bcHH* npMna. 

V» use the term On^t Britain in a Ttiy limited MM*, M 
merolj induBtvu uf ibuso [imls of the iBUud whoec iab»bit- 
Huts nro of Uotho-(3«nnaii origiu— England nnd the Lowluida 
of SL'oLluml. 

Wo have nlrcoily urn* that the Anglo-Saxon com^ueron 
of Britnia hud in tiii-ir laiifnuige the U'rmB from which h* 
(loriyed Elf and Uwarf. »nd tin- infcrcuoe ia natural that their 
ideas respecting these beings corresponded with thnsc of the 
Scaiidinnviuns and G(<rmana, The tuime may be said of the 
Picts, who, akin to the Scnndinaviaiis, early aei*ed on the 
Scottish Luwlanda. We therefore clone our suttct of the 
Fairy Mythology of the (iotho-G«nium not witli Orml 


■BtnU rtDfi U1I bpjwn huUi tnda^ 
Trif II Ml (od menilr. 


The Vktj Mythology of England divide* itself into two 
branches, that of the people and that of the poet». Under 
th} former head will he comprised tho f«w scattered trndi- 

• Sc: ■>»•« pp. tfi, TS. 



tioiu which we have been itblu to collcet reaiK-cting » gysteni. 
the belief in which is uauiillv thought to be nearly extincL ; 
the latter will contain a sclertioD of paaaagos, treating ot 
fiuries and their exploits, frnm our principnl poeta. 

The Fairies of tugland are evidently the Dwarfe of Ger- 
DiAnr and the North, though they ilo tiot ap[)eiir to hare 
hvntx ever so denominated.* Their npi)ellatii)n wae Elveti, 
aubaequently Fairies ; but there woula acem to have horn 
f^merly other terms eipresHive of them, of which hardly a 
Tcvtige is DOW reniiiiiiiiig in the English language. 

Tliey vrerp, like their uorthtm kindred, divided into two 
daasea^tbe rural Hives, iiiliabitiug the woods, fielda, moun- 
tains, and caverns ; and the domeMtic or house-spirits, usually 
cjillivl llobgohlins and Itobin OoDdl'cllows. But the Thames. 
the Avon, and the other Etif,'ii»ii Btpeams, never seem to have 
born the abode of a Neck or Ki^lpie. 

Thn foUowing curiomi instancoa of English BupentilioD, 
occur in the twelllh couturj. 

Ctit Artnt Ctiiltirffl, 

"Akothbb wonderful thinj;." says Ralph of Coggesliall.t , 
" happened in Suffolk, at St, Mary's of the Wolf^pits. A 
boy and hin sifter wem fnund by the inhabitAats of (hat 
place nnar the mouth of a pit wlucb is there, who had the 
loriii of all their limbs like to those of other men, but thrv 
differed in the ci>loijr of their nkin from alt the people of our 
habitable world ; for tli« whole surface of their iikin wai> 
tinged of a green colour. No one could understand their 
speech. When they were broushtu curiosities to the house 
of a cerbuii knight, Sir KioharddoCaliie,atWikc«, they wrpt 

• Th» Anjlo-Stion Darorf; Omirb, (nd ths Enilliti Dmrf, d« not ( 
ti99 Iv b«vr ba>t tay oAtr arbie th&n tJiat of lli» l^tifi nanm, 

+ At quDceU by I'lt-att in hu Nomon Wtlhfcm of N««brtdKv. W« eauii 
nst tad ii iu lbs CulWiwn of llltionci, *«., by MuritM »Bil Diir»n<l, — lb* 
Mlj )u« vbut, to bui knoiiltdf*! Uii> chroaii'icr't soriu tn Mnwd. 



bitterly. Bread and other victuals were ««t hctarf. them, bnl 
thev woild toui'h noiiei of tliein. tliougii tJiL-v wi<r<> lormented 
by (tiv-at hunger, a» thn girl nftcrwarda acsnowleJi^ed. At 
loDgth, wh<^n voniu bi^iuia just cut, with their rtnlks, weitt 
brought iiito the houue. they luadu Mign«, with grr-nt bridity, 
tlial they should he given to tbeui, Wheu they •were 
brought, they (ipriinl the *tn]ki> instead of the pods, ttaiiikiaf 
the bcUHH wimr lu the huliuw of thmn ; but not finJing tbctc 
lliure, they bepin to vneep anew. When thooe wbo wm 
present saw this, th<-y opened the pods, and showed Ifarai 
the nnked bt^iuiM. They ltd on th<!»<! with great delight, nnd 
for K long time taated no other food. The boy, however, van 
always luuj^uid and- depressed, and ho died witUtn a abort 
time. Tlie girl cnjoyod imitinun] good he.ilth ; and becoming 
DccuMtomrd to vuritius hitido of food, lont complptcly that 
tfrc'cu) colour, and ("radu-illy retovered the sangume babjt ot 
her entire body. 8hp was afterwards regeueraled by the 
laver of holy iNkptiitm, nnd lived for many ycnn> in the service 
of that knigbl (m 1 have frequently h<<iird fi'om him luid hia 
bmily), and wa» rather toiJ!ii< and waiiton iu lit^r conduct. 
BotDg frequently nuked about the people of her couutry, she 
Booerl^d that theinitabitnntH, nndnll they hod in that couutry, 
w«re of a green colour -, AMd that they Haw no duq, but en> 
joved a di-grce of light like what is after sunaet. Uelnc 
aiiVed huw flhe came iuto thiH country with the aforesaid boy, 
she replied, that iw they were following their flockn, thitr 
cuine to a certain cavern, on cntt^ring which they hc«rd s 
delightful souud of boila ; ravislied bv whose BWretuevA, titer 
went for a long time wiiuderitig on ikrough the cavern, untit 
they came to it* mouth. When Hiey corac out of it, they 
were struck senaeleHs by tlio eicetwlre light gf th« auii, ana 
the unusutd temperature of tbe air ; aua they thus by fiir S 
long time. Being territicd by the Doise of those who coiao 
oil them, they wuhcd to fly, but they could not find the 
catrouce of the caveru before tlu:>y vrrrc caught." 

This story is olso told by William of Newbridge." who 
places it iu the reign of King Htcpben. He «iiys he long 

■ (7i«'/t'(MJ AVufrnmuu Uittari*, titt Cknmie* Btrua AmglUanM. 

OiDD. ins, lib. L en. 



hesitflted to bpliwo it, but Itc wm at Icnglli overcomp bj the 
weight of ryicii-nce. Ai-cnnling tn him, tho plikce wIktc th« 
chililreu appeun-d waa about fcnir or fire mih-a fnxri Bury St. 
£ilinund'a ; they camo iii liarve«t-tiine out of tho Wolf-jiitn ; 
tlioy botli bwt tfmir gri'cn hue, and woro bnptiiK'd, and learned 
Eiit;)i»li. Tliu buy, who wmi tb<' yimngiT. dii'd ; but the girl 
tnairied a iiiaii at Lt^iiiia, urid livpd niariy »L'iini. Tlwy Niid 
thotr couDtrv wan caUcd i^t . Martin's Land, tut that eaiiit wun 
chiclly KoiTitiiprd thcrp ; that the pi-oplo were Christiana, 
and bad (^bun^hi-n ; that thi- mm did not Hko thcrr, hut that 
tbore viaa a brif-lit eotiutrv wliiob could be set'ii from tbctn, 
b^ing divided from it by a vury broad mtr. 

trt)c J-tir|> Knnqurl. 

Ix the next chapter of bis bistoiy, WiUiam of Kcwbriitga 
ndnt^'H as follows ; — 

" In the prorincp of Ihp Driri (Yorkuhiro). not far from 
my birth-plfwc, » wondi-rful thiiiR occurn-d, which I have 
known frcim my bovboud. There in a towu n fi-w mili-n di*t«nt 
from ibe Buatvrn K<.<a. near which arc thoee celebrated walt-rs 
oommoulv called Gipee, ... A prawint of this town went 
once to seo a friend who lived in the next town, and it was 
lute at night when ho waa coining back, not very nober ; when 
)o! from the adjointug barrow, which I have ohen aeva, anil 
wfaieb i* not much over a quarter of a mile from the town, 
ho beard the viiiccji of [utiph? iiiiiging, and. as it were, joj- 
fuUy f.-Mtiiij;. Ho wondered who thoy could be that wer* 
breakini* in that place, by their merriment, tho silence of the 
dead night, and he winhi-d to eiaintoe utto the matter mora 
doaelv. fk-eiug a dour open in the eide of the biuruw, h«i 
wml up to it. and lookea in ; and thcro he bohcld a large 
and luminous bouse, full of pi-ople, women h well m men, 
who were nvUuiiig uh at a auleuiii banquet. One of tha 
attt'iidaiits, Bering him HtaiiiUug at the door. offond bim acupi 
He look it, but would not drink ; and pouring out the i-on- 
tenta, kept the Tc«i>el. A great tumult argae at thu bauiiiutt 




on actouDt of bin fftkiug bvai- tho cup, and all the ^ru«*U 
punnied hiiu ; but he ettcapttd by the fl«<t>tiie88 of thi^ btnot 
ne rodi-, nod f^t into the town with his booty, l''iuitlljr', thia 
Vsnel cif unknown matcrin], of uniiKUoJ colour, and of «xtrn- 
ontiliArv furiti, waa pn-iH-ntod tii Henry iho EIiJlt, king of 
tlic Knglieh, a« a faluablt! kiH, nnd waa theu givt-n to the 
(juci-n'a brother David, kiug of the Sioots, and wm kept for 
aevi'nj yciini in the troosury of Scotland ; and a few yc-an 
aeo (at) 1 hitve hnard fmm gonii autlioritr), it vras )i;iii^u by 
WilJijiTii. kin(> of the Scota, to UiMU^ the docood, who wialiod 
to ML- it." 

The acone of this lc,|>pnd, wo may obanrre, ia tho very 
country in whirh the Danm iictth^ ; and it la exactly tho 
name ita aoTiie of the legends curreut at the present day 
among the Danish pea*antn'.* It in really eitmordiiiarj Ut 
obscrvf thp ninniirr in which popular trnditiun* anil super- 
UitiuuH will thuH etist fur centurii-n. 

(lervaiie uf Tilbury, the Imperiiil Chancellor, pives the 
foLowiiiR |)urli»n:.xar8 ri-i>pectiri{; the Fairy Mythology of 
Bagland iii the thirteenth eeutuiy. 

ini( Jairn liom. 

" Thbbb ia," aaya he,+ " in the county of Gloueestep, a fomt 
Abounding in boam, stags, and every i<porii^>> of game that 
England produces. In a grovy lawn of this foreiit tliere ia a 
littlr mount, riNing in a point to thi; hi-ight of a man, on which 
knightd and other huntcni aru tispd to ascend when fatigued 
with heat and thint.toaeek »>>nie relief for their wants. Tho 
nature of the place, and of tho bu«inc!n", i», howerer, such, 
that whoever am^nda the mount must leave hia coinpanioDf, 
anil go (juitf! alonit. 

" When alone, ho waa to aay. as if speaking to aome other 
person, ' 1 thirot,' and iiniiicdiatcly ther<! would a|>pear a 
cupbearer in an elegant dtvta, wiili a cheerful countcnonco, 
bearing in hia xtrctcTicd-out hand a brg« horn, adorned with 

• Sr* tiKtn. f. 109. 
t Oli» ImprriilU apud £ttiniti Seripioru rtrum Bruiurieanm, *ol. i. 




r>id and ^ms. ss wns the cualom amung tlie nioet sncieul 
Buglisli. In the cup • nettar of iin iinknowti but most deli- 
, taoim fluTour waa preeented, lutd when it wm dniiik, all htnt 
ftnd veariuees flea &ora the glowing bo dir. »d that one huuM 
be thought rendy to undertnko toil instead of having toiled. 
Moroover, when the nectar wna token, thp Minmnt pniKiitt^d 
a toiMl to tlie drijiker, to wipe hia mnulh with, mid thim 
having performed liia office, he wnit«d neither fur a recom- 
pense for his serficpa, nor for t(ne»tiors and enquiry. 

" This fretjuent and duity uttiou hud for n very long period 
of old times taken jilai-e uinong the uneient people, til! oiie 
day a kuight of that city, whfD out liunting, went thither, 
and hfiving called for a drink and gotten the horn, did not, 
B» nna the custom, and »a in good umiiQt<rB he iihuuld bare 
done, return it to the cup-bearer, but kept It for Iilh own nee. 
But the illnHtrioii" Enrl of GlouccrtfT, when he learned the 
truth of the matter, condoniiird the rubber to doatli. and 
pmcuted the horn to the hiohI excellent King ileury the 
xHder, lest ho should be thought to have approved of such 
wickcducsH. if he had added the rapine of anotW to the ston 
of hi* private property." 

tit ^ortunrtf. 

I Ik another part of this work the Chancellor snyB.t — 
I " They have in Knghind eertaiu drmnnii, though I know 

I not whether I iihould call thein demons or figures of a secrrt 

I and unkncnn generation, which the French csdl Ncptuned, 
the Knt;!i.ih I'ortiinen.I It in th«ir nature to embnuie iha 
wmjlo Ule of comfortable famim, and when, on neeount of 
tlit'ir domc«tic work, they are sitting up at night, when t]i« 

■ ViHcallcii. 
f Oli> Impcrulla apud LcibHili Scnptvru rerum AmnincaniM, >pL I. 


' Then It, u fu u He art aw«f«, do itttlfc o( lh«v vtmn mnainifif in 
tilKir Ibr Krvf^cU or Engllah LAfifUAjft, ud we ciniiot rnnivUc how lilt Lvl^s 
■isiii of m*-|(h1i tMM W be ipplltJ W llrt (ialba-(irrDi*ii Ki'lwldt, <ic. 

iloon are shut, they warm thcTOsolvcB at, the .ire, and tak« 
littie frogs out «f tlirir l)(im>iii, miut them on the (wain, »nil 
Wt thrm. Thry bare the <xiujit<!tiiiti(.'t! uf ulJ meti, nith 
wriiikUd (rheeka, aud tbev atv of a very siuall slAtura, not 
being i]uilc hnlf-an-inph high.* Thry wear little p»t«hcd 
costa, Hul iraaythiiiK u to be cnrriird mto tin; liouw.-, or mnv 
laborioua work to be duae. ihey liiid a baud, and fiouik it 
BOOHor tliaii nny mau eould. It iit tholr nature to have the 
power to nerve, but in)t to iiijuro. 'I'hcy huvc, however, one 
little mode of atiiiojinK. Ti\ neii m IIip uueertaiu abad™ of 
uiKht the English are riding any where alone, tlie I'ortuiie 
Bometimr* invisibly joinn the hornrman ; and when he ha* 
kceoinpunied him a good while, he lit lust tuken the rein*, 
aad leads ihe boree into a neighbouring sluugb ; and wb«D 
lie i« lixed and Houudering in it, the fortune goe« oil' with ft 
]oitd biui^h. and by ajiort of tJiiii lutrt he mocks tlic ainij>licily 
of Huinktnd. 

Cbt Arxnl. 

" TnniiE in," nnr" he, ngnint " in England » certain kind of 
demon whom in llieir iRiigungo they eall Gruiit,^ Ukeayear- 
ling foal, ercet on ita hind leg", with sparkling eves. This 
kind of di!inan ol^en ujipean in the strei-ts in llio hcatof tho 
day, or about sunset. If there i» any danger impending on 
the followins day or night, it runs about the stieeits pro- 
voking Iht licigH to burk, mid, hy feigning (light, dmwg the 
dogs after it. in the vain bopii uf cateliing it. This illusion 
wuns the inhabitants to beware of lire, and tlio frieudlv 
demon, while he tctriiics those who »eo hiia, put« by hia 
coming tlie ignorant on their guard." 


Thua far the Cbaneellor of the Holy Roman Kmpire, and, 

• Dtmldlum jioilMt. Wiould wt dm twit pfrfw f 

t Oii* Iirprnilii aptul Lritnia Strijitora nrnm ifr-HnjriairwM, toI, v 

p. aiio. 

X Can ih'i Dtoiig Ik nnntcinl viih ihu of Gnndd, Ibe mtlianuil tpiril n 





•icrpt in the portn, we Iiuto mrt witli no fiirttier nrcix^nt ol^ 
or (JiuBion to, fuirteFi. uulU tiie rejgii i>l' Eiiiiitbrth, vrbMI 
a little work nppearcd, iiAmcd, The Diad Praiika aud nierrjr 
Jmts of liobin Oon<]rpllow,* from which Whaki'spcare seenia 
in a (toiKl mi-nsiirtf to hare dfrived liis Pui'k. 

TliiH wurk couNuta of two parts. In tlit.' firet wo are in> 
formpd that Uobin wn» tli« oR'apring of n " projHT youii^ 
wi-Qch by a ln'i'-fnyrir, a kitiR or bompthing of that kiiiil 
aaioii^ thi'iii." By tlie time lie was sii ytmm old Im wan i«> 
mischlevouH and unluckv that liis mother foujjd it nei'eHsarv 
to proiniiin him ti whtpniii)i. Hr miinwny nnd cngngrd with 
a tailor, fnnii whom also he eooii plopi'd. Wlu'ii tircd he 
aat down nnd ffll aHli>ep, and iu Iub tloeu he liad a vii-ion of 
fairif « ; and when he awoke he i'oiuid lying be*ido him a 
•eroll, evidently IctV by his father, which, in venic» written 
in lettvn of jtold, iulurm^ hitu that hv oliould have any 
thing he wished for. and have also the power of turning hiin- 
■elf "'I'd horse, to hog, to dog, to ape, ' etc , but he wna to 
liann none hut kimves and aueuni, and waa to "lave thoic 
that lioni'st be. aud help tliem in necessity." He inadi' 
trials of Ilia power and touud that be reaily possessed it. 
His fir*t exploit wn* to turn himwlf into n home, tfl punish 
a churlish I'town. whom \u: inducted to rooiuii him. aud gafc 
hiui a fall thiit went well ni);h to br«ak his neek. The fellow 
then wtiit to ride him through a great plash of water, " and 
ID thi! middle of it he found himself with nothing hut apack- 
aaddle between his legs, while Kobin went oil' laughiriR, Ho, 
ho, ioh ! He next exerted biiuselfin the cause of iwoyounff 
loversi, mid wcured their happinem. 

In the Second Part we fiuit him more in the character of 
the Kis or Brownie. Coming to a farmer's house, he takes 
■ liking to a " good handaome mnid," that wim there, and in 
the uiiiht doesTier work for her, at breakinu hemp and fla«, 
bolting meal, etc. Uaring watched one night ana seen bim 
at work, and ul/aervi'd that he wax rather bam of clothM, siw 

• Editril for llw VtTnj 8»fiely by J. P. ColljH, E*]., IB4I. Mr. CoU.n 
Mj« ibciT i> lilllc dniibl bul iUbI lbi> «o'k nt printed txfnrt ISHS. araign 
ItGt, Wr tliink tliii ii true cnlj of il>r Firti I'm : lai ilic Scrond. nkirli ii 
•f & ililTprTnl irlluiT, 1DU»t h4va btrn u}d^ twae tiuiD t^er bobK» luJ 
I iuM nmiiiign UH Ln Biitlaad : tea ibe nn« in pi S4. 


])rondpd hiai with n imietccMU ai^«inat the nvxt ai^Ut. Bid 
«'ben he akw it he utiuioii and Mid : — 

Beouv thou U^eat nw btiopcn hanpsa 

I sill neilbcr bolt dot (Uidjicd : 
"no not four garmont*. aow or old. 
Tbat Robin lovn : I (wl do cold. 
Utd fou left uio milk or cmua. 
You ihould hate liad a ^suiiig •Jraun : 
BcowiBO JDU If(1 du divji 01 oum, 
Rubin nevur luorv will cvoie. 

He went off ImiKliitiK Ho. io. hok ! and the n.ud in futun 
bad to da idl thi> worklirrvelf. 

A comuanT of young fellows vho hnd been making meny 
with thpir nwprtnpaii* wcfx- roming homi.' nvur a boatli. 
Uobiu nirt thfui. aiid to mftke btmmf roiiry took tlic form 
of II uWitiny Jirf. aud l(^ tbom up and down ttU dAvUgbt, 
■lid thpu wont off Mving : — 

Oct ;ou boono, j<ia merry lado: 
TitU your uuuaEuicd ftnd vcur dodi. 
And >U tliou ttitt IKwi dcairc, 
How yon wtm k mdking Sre. 
W«MM lluU do miile antl liapc, 
Dm t« cbU ma WiUrWiapc, 
U thU JDU but ite(U7 b«, 

II u tporl kloue Ibr in«. 
AyiKj : unto jour houncs n), 
Aiul 111 so IwishiuB J/4, ics iak/ 

A fellow wat) att«ni|)tiDg to offer violence to s yoMBg 
maiden. Itobiii usavic to bt^r aid, run bctnci^n his logs in tbtt 
•happ of a buTL'. tbun turning hiniNelf into n horriv, cftiricd 
liini off oil hiij biK^k. and lluuy bim into a thick hedf^u. 

I{obiu feO in love with a weaver'* pretty wifi\ and for h*r 
sake took wrviix! nith bcr buHbund. Tbi- lunn <uiiieht them- 
one diiy kinaing, sm^ iieit iiL);bt lie went aiid took Bobio \ 
he wuB aloepiiig. up out of hi^ licil. and went to the river nnd 
thrt'W hiui in. Uut inntaully bi! bcjird behind hiin — 

Kiir thb 70UJ KniiM iaiiM«r, I jou tliuik. 
Ua iiwiu jouncif ; 1 II Mojr upon Ihi lock 1 

uid was pushed in by Robin, who lutd put it bog of yam ta 
hia Ih^ mid now went oS irith, Mo, ho, Aoi / 




Bobiti went nH a fidiller to a ivt-dding. ^'lien theeandlM 
cnnic he blew tljeiii out, aud giviug tlie mc^ boiea intfa^Min 
he aet them n-fij^hting. He kissed the prettiest girl*, niid 

flinched tke otlicra, till he made tiiem scratch cne unollicr 
ikf ciili. When the posei^t was bruoghl forth, he turned 
liimwlf into a bear, aim irightening thciu away, bad it all to 

At Iciigtfi his father who w« ntm tuid was king Obreon 
(i.«. Oberon),* tailed him up out of his bod one night, and 
took him to where the fairies were daneing to the munii: of 
'J'om Thunih's biigpijie, and theneo to l-'airy-lund, where ho 
* did ahow liiiii many secrets which he never did open to th* 

In the Dame work Sib wiys of the woman>fairies : 

" To wiJk nightly ae do the men-fairies wo use not ; but 
now and then we ^ together, and at good housewivca' fires 
wo warm our fairy ehildrrn.t If wo Hiid clean water and 
i-leoii towels ni^ loavi- tliein money, either in their baoiua, or 
in their nhoee ; but if we find no clean water in their houaea, 
vc wash our children in their pottage, milk, or bt-er. or what- 
cvpr wc find : for the slut* that have not »iieh things fitting, 
«e wnah their fitcea and handa with a gilded child's clout, or 
else carry them to some river and duck them over head aud 
ran. We oft^-n uio to dwell in some grrnt hill, and froni 
tlieuce we do lend money to aiiy poor man or wuriiaii that 
hath need ; but if they bnng it not again at the day ap[Kiiuted. 
we do Dot only punish them with pinching, but alw in tbcir 
gnodx, no that they never thrive till they have paid u»." 

The learned auil Btmiift-minded Iteginald Scot, thus notices 
the superstitions of his own and the preceding age, J 

" Indood ynur grandainx' maid* wi^re wmit to set a bowl 
of milk befi)re him (Incabus) aud hia cousin Bobiu Quud- 
feliow, for grinding of malt or mumtard, and sweeping the 
home at midnight ; and you have also heard that he would 
chafe exceediiisly if the maid or good-wife of the bouse, 
having compassion of hie uakedocM, laid auy clothes for hui 

* Mr. Collfcr dori not tnin to htte t«i>llcclnl ihM Huou do Bocdwui 
had hma Uui>Ulc>il by I#on1 Berncn; mm hbitn. p. H' 

t li i>, inutdiiif Id iHia ■ulkuhljr ilie uuD'filry tiunn thai *ImIi cbildna 
Md taoTfis chjtbgfllrtip, 

; DiniBite o( WiicbcnTtb l>. th. 10. 


bendm tun mem of white brnul and milk, whicli vas kit 
ataiulicig foe ; for in Umt cn«c he HUtik, 

What bBTc wc b«r*) BcnUn, hntca, 
Bar* •rill I never tMore b<oid mot tboftm. 

" Tlw Paerie* do principally iiilubit the mountainj and 
«ai«ru9 of tU« earth, whotH- iiulur« ih bi make •traox^ App»- 
ritioDS on tiMi earth, in HK'Silon-g or on mountains, binng uke 
m*n and women, luiUliinn, kings, and )n<tii'ii, rhildrvn and 
koneTOea, clothi-d in ifrwa. tu wliicli uuiyuix; lhc:y do ui (bu 
night Ateiil hempen atalks from the fiflds where they grvw, to 
convert tlicm into borw«, n.i the utory Roen. 

L" Surh jofrund aiid fitct-ticiua Kpirita," ha contiBnes. "tn 
d to Mpurt IheuiBulvea iu the ui^lil by tumbling and fool- 
ing with BervADts and shepherds in eountrv bouica, tnadun^. 
tliem tliu'k niid hlui-, nnd IcnvinK brc-iul, flutter, and cfaeeae, 
HU(nt.-tiiitc!< with Iht'in. vrliidi. if thi-y rt-fusf l*> eat. some mis- 
chief HhiUl uiidouhtt'dly befal them by the means of tbew 
Faeriefl ; and manv sueh have been taken awav by the said, 
vpiriu for a lortinght or « month together, imtig cwried 
with tbeni in ehnriuts thniu^li thL> uir, orcr hilla and daleo. 
locks and pm-eipices. till at liuit they lisve been found tjins 
in some meadow or niouiitnin, herenrcd of their SWMWbSU' 
commonly one »f their moinb<rr9 lo liout."J 

Elaewhere I he kivob the fuUuwing goodly mtalone of 
these objects of popular terror : — " Our molher's miuds hara 
ao frayed ut u-ith Bull-hcggarn, Spirit*. Witchei*, CTrvhiaa, 
BlvM. Dsjipi, I'aerieii, Satytw. Paus. Fwuies, Sylens. Kit-ni- 
tlie-Osnutick, Tritons, Centaurs, Crarls, Gyants, lmp«^ 
Cointrv, Conjurors, Nymphs, Ohsn^lin^, Incubus, Robin 
GoodCellmn', tbe S[ioiim. the >ltuv. the &liin-iu-thtr-Oak, the 
Hell-waia, the Kiredrake. the Puckle, Tom-thon^be, Hob- 
goblin. Tom-tumbler, BonelcM, and aiich qthcr Bugs, that 
we art! ufrnid of our shadow." t 



• R ffcol, OiHiTeHc rf VntAmRc, ii. A. 4, + /&. rii. 18. 

S Tbb >pp<-an lo ui la lis nilicr m ilupliy ut ilif lulhor** Itvutnf ib*n sb 
Ktuftl cnirmcntLion «f tbo «b)ecu nf pO|mtir trrivi ; Tor ihv m«i4i hi/^lj 
ikllif^ of Sujn, I'tM. riF. For IlulllrGri''. •» V- 316: ^' IVI-io.p. Jl*), 
ffaj li iha AngloSiaflii hmjfiT', (StroiBn Aon, * niuli*." inil lir'nn tht 
9l^gliim>rc((« p. 33S)wblcb ww ua[>1>f<1 It wluhHiin Killai}^ Umj-niUt^ 


Burton, aftor mitioing from Pamci'leus thooe wUicli in 
Oeniiaiiy "da luunily wrtlk in little coata, sonio two Toot 
loDKi" s"y».* " A biginir kiiiil thi-n; in of'tlii^iii ciillinl witii ti« 
Hobjjf'hlinB rutd Buliiu OoodfL-Uow b, that wimlJ, lu tliom' 
•uperatitious tuiies, i>riiid corn for a iiiesj of n)ilk. cut wood, 
or do any mtinncr of dnidgiry work." Atid ognin : " Sown 
put our Fmrim into tliiti nuik (that tit' Urrrc^lnid diM'ila), 
whicb have beeu in former times adored with much auoeN 
atitioD, with swrrping their lioui<c«, aud setting of a pail of 
clout water, good victualti, and thu liki', and thon th<!V uliouli) 
not be pinchi'd, but tliid money ia tbeir shoes, uua be for 
tuD&te ID thpir enterprises." lu another plnc^ (p, 30,) bo 
nays, " And so those which Miviildu;> cnllx Amhulontt, thnt 
wdk nbout niidoight, oil lieatliH iind desert places, which 
{sailh Lavater) draw men out of the way and lead thorn 
all night a. by-way, or c^uito banv ihcin oi their way ; thc>i' 
have Btrerul uaincs, in several plaeea \ we eomiuunly eall 
them pMcka." 

llarfVDct tbusspcnks of them in his Declaration : t — 

" And if that tlw boicl of ciirdii and eroun were not iulg 
set out for }{obin Ooodfellow, the _^iur, and Sinne the dain- 
maid, why theD. either the pottage wa« burned the next day 
in tlic pot, or the cheeses woolcT not curdle, or the butter 
would not come, or thv de in the f:it never would have good 
bead. But if a Peler-peony or a Jlouole-eggel were behind, 
or a patch of lythe uupaid — thou 'ware of bvdJ-boggar^, 
spirits, Ac." 

Nub thus deseribes them :§ — 

" Then ground they malt, aud had hempen sliirta for tlieir 

(*ilsr asd ApoTTi (apnn 7) mj b« lliit iHiif, fniii tht i^r% of ildinf : ill* 
kienrh all tbt NlghIui(Ri.<.'aurlf«im. rrom QweAfT. (u/rurr. Kil-«i4lK- 
('■iiiiitk ■■ Jick-viib-ilirljurtliutu. Tht Man In Ihe Osk i> piulnbli fuk, 
**Tt»ni ;rour<Jo«kf»,<|iibili hw, rorl'uclif It butyin tb««Hkrt."— Iict DareilBk 
Tbe lIcLl-vtln It pribbpt tbe l>rftlh-f<>«cli, rontiffltd wtib N^rlbmi ut<l 
Cl^nnftn fujicntlllont, tui tbe FTn^drakp kn l^titt FtlDDt fiunelciB tvmj 
liivc bnu ■omn im|Klpibi* iiHCtn ) tht aihrt Wnnt turn te bt mcir (pfial* 

UllsiK of Purll. 

• Anit- nf Mill. p. 47- -t- Chtp. TI. p. 134. Ixind. 1C04. 

xht AiigLit-Jf&iofi jiufrli Gitib. kufijlf ttfiificc irr olfcriag, ud Ibviifq tba 

t TctTon of ilx .Si|lit, 1 Sfii. 


aatAT BBiTAis. 

Iftbaim; daancei] ia ivunda hi ^rcra anm&v*%\ phiclit toftidi 
it) tfaeir ileep that tiirept iMt tbetr bouai'* c1c*d, and led poor i 
tnTelleisout of iheir Hki^." 

As tlia cdobrnt*^ Luck of Eik-n null u euppoapd Xo h««» 
bren « cbalioe, duo rvapect fur the pictj uf our fuKfathcn 
will not aUov of our puwing tiie dracomtum of it any lucli«r 
than the rci^ of EUtabetb, or tJiat of her btfaer at &rt&wt. 
We wiQ tliece6n« iatroduea ita hiitoi; in thia place. 

rti( iLuih ai earn a^il 

In thin hoiue(EdeuUall, aseat of theMiugn*ea,)aR- tome 
^ood old-fashioned apartment*. An old painted drtnlting* 
^lasD, called the Luck of Kdea Rail, h pitaerred with fm»t 
can. In thp garden near to the houitn u a veil of rioeileut 
Hpring wftttT, calltMl 8t, Culhberl's Well. (The rhiirch it 
dHdK]>t«d to tliat saint) Tliis gla«« is supposed to have 
been a aoored chalicn ; but tlin IcgcniUrr t«lc ia, that the 
butler, going to draw wtitf r, aurprioi-d a coniponv of Fairiea, 
who werv amuisiu)- tlii'utM'tves upon tho gretu nt-ar the well -. 
be sutE«d the gltww which vn» stiuiding upon ita margin. 
They trinl to recoTer it ; but, after an incHvctuul struggie, 
flew awaj, Mving, — 

If thftt k'*"" vitlirr tinnk or ML 
rarewcll tlie l»uk of luiva tUll.* 

••In tiie j-ear 1633^ (laya Aubrey t) soon afl«r I had 
Metered into mj crainmBr, nt the Latin achoole of Tatton- 
Kcjrnel. [De«r Cnippenhajn, Wilta,] our curate, Mr. Hart. 
WM annojed one uif[ht by tliene eUea or (averica. Commiag 
over the downea, it being neere darke, and appraaching odo 
of the fniciy dnjiccs, *« the common people call them in 

* UulchLD»n, lliflorj of ComlMffUBd, wt. i. p- ?fi£}- 
f At \na\ei br Tknui im kii EtHf on Copalu Senp, in ihr Aih«uean 




thcM part-B, Til. the grecne o!rclea made by those epritci oit 
the grwBse, le all at oiicc saw an iDuumcTable quiuititie of 
pigmies, or verv smull people, dnucing roimiie niid niuiirtf, 
and sLuging aiii making all mailer of wnall odd iiovwii. He, 
bciug very greatly amazed, and v(^t not beiiig al>l^. aa W 
Bays, to run awny from them, boiiig, ns he aiipposeo, hrpl 
there in a kinde of eucbmi linen t, tbe^ no sooner jiciwavt- 
him but they surround him on all sides, and what t>eiwiit« 
tctitv mill amnxi'nKmt he leli down, seareelv kttowii^i; whiit 
be did; and thoreupon thow little crtutun-s pinohcil him all 
over, and mnile a quiek liummiiig iiuvai^ nil (he tvme: but ut 
length th('y left him, and when the sun io«e lie found him- 
M-lf L'lactly in Ihe midst of one of these fiiiciy dniiecs. Thin 
reUtiou I luwi from hiiu myaeHi? a few dnvs after he «a» bo 
tormented ; but when 1 and my bed-fellow, Stump, wetiTe 
wii'ii afterwnrdu, at night time, to the dncice* on tho downri^, 
«e nawi! noiio of the elvei or faiurios. Itiit, indeed, it in aaidc 
they aeldoui appear to &uy peraons tibo ^ to seeke for 

Tho nelt aeooimt, in order of time, that occurs, is what 
Hir Walter Scott calls the. Cock Iinne narrative of Aniui 
.fofTeries, who was born in 1626. in the parish of 8t. Tt-atii, 
in Cornwall, and whose wonderful auventiirea with the 
Fairies were, in 1696, (vjmnmnicated by Mr. KfoM!* I'ilt, 
her master's kou, to Dr. Fowler, bixhop of GlouwHlcr.* 

AceordiuK to this aei-ouiit. Anne described the Fainea, 
who she aaid came to her, aa '' sii small pMpIc, afl in grcvii 
clothcR." Thrv taught hc^r to perform numnroUK vurprising 
i-iirf • ; they Tea her from barvest-tiine till Chriatimifl ; they 
always appeared in evrn numbers. Wben seen dancing in 
the orchar<l among tlii^ treca, nhe laid alie waa daneing with 
the fairies. Thene fairies seonied the imputation of beuig 
evil spirits, aud rofcrrcid tboao who tenncd them sucb Ui 

Tho following " relation of the apparition of Fairien, thdr 
wniing to keep a fair, and what happened to t, certain biad 
that endeavoured to put liiinaclf in amongwt them," ia giTcn 
bv llovel t 

• MsrpLn. rhanli Biiliiirlcoi, t.inid, IJIS, 
t IWiilaoioDUiii, 0, SO'. Loud. 1(>84. 



CI)' Jsiqi-^fflir. 

" Itondiiig one* tiie oi^hteeiilh of ^^^. Glanvil's relationa, 
[>. 20)), C(ine«mLag ah Imlittioij tlint hml likr to hnvc bcrii 

miTifd «niij- hy doiritti. and of thv 1muk)ikI iIk't had rpn^ 
hpfore them in tne firldn. cic., it callm to mind a paHiiaf^e 
1 hnd often heard, of Fiiirics or npiritn. to oallcd by tlio 
country ptMH)li% vthii'b ahoHtil llieinst-lvi-H in (irtiit comiianiua 
at divi-rs tiiiieit. At some times thfy wouiJ seem to danew, 
at other times to ki>ep n grcnt tiiir or niiirkiit. 1 made ii, 
I1IV bi]»inci>ii to iiKjuire amongst the iicighlxiiirH what credit 
might Im- given to that whii-h waa re|)Orl*il of tliem, and bv 
iiinnv of llie neiKhlH>uriu!> inhubttauta I bud this ucc^auu't 

"The place nrnr wliii'h tlipv mont ordinnrilv chowpd thcni- 

l_»flves wii« on the »ide of » lull, n:iini-i] Blnck-down, iM'twifii 
iho pnriKhcit of Pittminstcr and ChcBtoiiford. nol many milwt 

'from Tanlou, Those thnt have occasion to travel that 
vtay have IrciqiiMitly seen them thtrro, sppi^rin^ likv men 
and women, of n iitature generaily near tbi; imulliTr sixfi of 
men. Tlieir habits u»ed to be of rod. blue, orjireen, afford- 
ing to the old way of u-ouiitry gitrb, iHtli hij;h t-rowned hata. 
One time, abotit fifty yearn Biuw, u jh-rhhi liritig at (Vimb 
Ht. Nichotna, a [iiirisli lying on one nidi" of that hill, near 
Chard, iran ri<Unf> towards his home that way, au<) aaw, juat 
before him. on tho sidr of tho hill, n great company of 
people, thnt scruied to liim like eoiuitry fiilkii OMpmblrd m 
at n fiiir. There were alt sorts of coiiimoditieB, to bin apiiear> 
Biu'e, aa at our ordinary fairs; pewUTcrs, shoomakera. peolara, 
with alt kind of trinkets, fruit, and dr)]ikina;-hooths. IIo 
rould not remember nnylhiiig wbieh he had iinuiitiy sccri at 
fntrs but uhiit he saw tliore. It was once in hia tliouj;hta 
that it miijht be somp fair for Chcptonford, there bciii)* a 
conaiderahle onu nl Mme time of the year: but thrn ngain 
lie coiwidetcd llril it waa not the aeuaou for it. Uv wiu 

aider vrry grent icurprise, and ndmircil whiit thu m(-ntiiiie of 
wliut h« >>aw bIiouU be, Al leoKtli it came iulo his laiiid 
wltAt he had heard conci-miDg the rairips on the side of that 
bill, and it bein^ nenr the rund he was to tnke, he resolved 
to riil(! in amongst thi-ni, imi! st* what they were. Aw^rd- 
in);lv )i<> put ou liis hor^e that way, and. though be nait tlivm 
perlcctlv all along as lie cainc, yrt wlipn he wiw upon the 
|>liii;c wlicrc all thia had ap[wnn-u to him, lie t-uuJd <ii»cora 
iiotliiiig at ail, only a«.-med to he cniuded aud lliruat, aa 
when WW pnA«es through a throng of ptxiplc. Ail the reirt 
bi'cumr invisible to him until hit eanxt tn n tittle diitnuco, 
and ihcii it appeared lo biiii SKinu an ut fimt. Uc found 
himself in paiu. and so hastened liome : wliere, bcini; arrived, 
lameness seii^fd him nil on one nde, which cmitiniied on him 
u» tiing ua he lived, which wun many years; for he via& hving 
in Couib, and gare au account to any that inquired of this 
accident for more than twenty years aiterwarda ; and thin 
relation I had from n pi^rxon of koowo honour, who had it 
from the iniui himself. 

" There were some whose namea T bare now forgot, but 
they tlien lived at a geutleujau's house, named Comb t'ann, 
near the plflee before gpeeilird : both the man. hi* wii'e, and 
divi-nt of thi! iK^ighhoum. amiured me Unry had. at many 
timea, seen l\\\a Jair-ktfping in tlie stimnier-tiuie, aa they 
came from Tanton-niariiet, uut that they durst not adven- 
ture in iimoTig«t them ; for thftt every one that had done H 
bod rL-ccivcnl great duna^ by it." 

Ctic fxixiH' Calbran. 

" Ik the vestiT of l-"ren»hnm church, in Surrey, on the north 
aide oi the chapcel, in an cxtrnorUiruiry (treat Iccltle or cal- 
dron, which the iwlialiilaiita say. by tmoition, wan brought 
hither by the fairies, time out of mind, from Iiorouj>li-hiil, 
about a mile ticnee. To this place, if anyone went to bor- 
row a voke of oxcii. motii-y, etc., lie niiK>it have it for a yi-nr 
or longer, »o be Icej't hi* word to return it. Tli«re ia a ckvc 



nliere aome have fancied to h«ar music. In thia Borough 
hill ia a ^reat Htoiie, \yiag along of the length of about «it 
t'eet, Tliey went to this otone and knocked at it, and d^ 
ciarod whnt they would horrovr, and when they would repay, 
jincl a voicfl woijd answer when they ahould come, and that 
tlitiy should find what they desired to borrow at that iitoni-. 
'J'hi» cnldron, with tlie tnret, was borrowed hero after Dm 
mnuiier afurewud, aud uot nrtunit^d Hcoording to promise ; 
and though the caldron was al\crwards carried to the stoiic, 
it could not bo received, and etcr since that lime do borrow- 
ing there."* 

C1)r CnuIQ ftaH of Hilton. 

" HittoK Hall, in the vale of the Wear, was in former times 
the resort of a Brownie or Houi-c-npirit culled The Cnuld 
liod. Every night the »crvnnta who slept iu the great hall 
heard him at work in the kitchen, kuockine the thinga about 
if they had been net in order, arranging them if otherwise, 
which' was wore frequently the case. Tliey were resolved 
to hnniMh hiii> if they could, and the spirit, who seemed to 
huTi' an inktinj; of their design, was often beard singing in « 
mehutcholy tone : 

WA£%meI WW 'a me I 
Tho Boom ia not jrot 
Fnnirn Troia tha lnw> 
That's to gio<« Iho wood. 
That'* tv itiiika Uin firadU, 
ThM's to nick tliH bHim, 
TliDl'a to grow to a uum, 
Tliut's to lay mo. 

The flpryants, lionever, resorted to the usual mode of 
biuiinhiug a liriiwnjc: tliey left a gi-een cloke and hood 
for him bk ;he kitchen lire, and remained on th« wntch. 
ThrjT aaw him come iu, gnzc at the new clothes, try them on, 

* Aatnr, tCilgn] nUtorr ef Sumj, U! >E6, op, RIUud. Pilr; Ti]c% 

» in. 



imd, apnareiitlv iu gmt <loliKl>^ S" j'"'>l''"g ")i<^ frinikiiig 
ftboul llie kiteWa. Bui at tlio fint crow o( the cock bo 
*aui»heti, crying — 

Bcro '■ > ctcok. and her« '■ ■ ho<Kl I 

The Oiiilil Liul of UiltoD will do uo more good i 

and lie neror agata returned to the kitchen ; yet it was aaiil 
that he mieht still be heard at midnight Ringing thoee lined 
in a tone ef molanuholy. 

Tht.-r» waB a room in the eaatte lun;* called the Cauld'« Itoom, which wns nerer occiipiLij unlets the castle wn» 
full of company, and within the hut nentury many pcntonn 
of credit luul heard of the Diidniglit wailiu); of the Cauhl 
Lad, wlio some maintained was the spirit of a servant whom 
one of the barons of lliltoa had kilU-d uiiintvntioaally iu u 
lit of patt$ion."' 

In the beg-Iuning of the laat eeutxiry Bourne thua gi«» 
the popular belief on this subject: 

" Another port of this (winter's evening) conrcrsation 
genunJly turns upou Fairie*. These, they toll you, have 
fn'tiueully been ai-eu and heard ; nay, that thero ant suine 
still living who were stolen awny by them, aud eoutiut-J 
seven years. Acconling to the dniHTiption they give of 
them, who pretend to havi- w.'^u tlwin, they are in thu shape 
of men eiceediug Utile : they ar« always clad iu k"-'^"- '^^■I 
Ire^uent the woods and tields, ^V'hen they make cakes 
(which is a work they have been bflen hcanl at), they are 
veiY noiaj- ; and wiiL-u thev have done, they are full of mirth 
Biid pastime. But generally they danc« in moonlight, when 
mortala are aalcrn, and not capable of seeing them ; as nrny 
be ebaerved on the foUowiiii; moruiug. their duiicing pWi's 
being very distinguishable : for as they dance hand in hand, 
and ao make a eiivle in their dunce, so next day thriti will 
be »eeu riniis aud eirelea on the gra««,"t 

Tbo author of " Uound about our Ooalfiiv ' 


* Ths l.anl lliaUinui'i Tible-DiKik, bj .M. A. RichanlHn, >ii. 231. Nt» 
a>ili9-upeo-T>ne, 1B4G. 

+ Uounie. Aiitiqiiitit™ Vu'ju™, li2S. 

i Qnoml b} Bniiil in Iili fupuitr Aiiliijuiim, u ciiUifrd cJiuoa ol 
Bmine'i Hnri. 



** &fy gniridinothcr hiu> oUcn told mo of Fniririi dnnciiW 
:lpoD our grei'u, ami tln-'J' wrv lil/le little creatures, e/olied 
in ffPfCTi. 

Tho momrtit nny one miw thrm, and took nolJoc of them, 
thcr wviv vtnick blind of an vyv. Tliuy lived unilcr grouod, 
ana Kenerally came out of a mole-hill. 

"ThfT haiA linn tiiusii^ alnnyit nniotig tlicmirlvrs, niut 
dancnl in a muouBbm} iiiglit iirtiuiid, ur in u ritis. iw ocie 
ni»7 f«« xt this day upoD et'crj- coinmaa in Eugkud, nbere 
mushroom » crow. 

'* Whi-n Uv mnnt'T niid mtstrPiMi were Inid on tlii-ir iiillovs, 
tbu men miU niaidB. if lliej had a Raiue al ronip. and bluu- 
dered uiiftaira. or jutiibied a eh^^ir, the neit morning ereiy 
one would sweur it wan th« liiirir».Bnd that Ihcy lii'anl tbcin 
titAttipiiifi; lip luid ilonn otairs all iiiglit, cryiuK ' Wafer 'a 
locked ! M'aler 'd locked ! ' wLea there was not water in 
oicry pail in tht^ kil<'hrii." 

To come lo tlir premrnt limes. There is no rtroiiser proof 
of the ni'glw't of hIuiI Mr Thomu hiia vory hiijipily diwig- 
iiat«d " Felk-lora " in this country, than the fat't i>f there 
faavinj; bo«n no areount given omitherc of tho Vixic« or 
PUgiM* of Devoniihirc nud Coniuull, till ivithin thi-Mi lant 
few )'eani. In the year 193G. Jlrs. Bray, a liidy well known 
08 the author of scrernl noveU, and wife of a clergyman at 
Tttvintock, piiblixhed, in a m-riei nf lettcrt tn Kobirt Soutliey, 
iuterenliuK deacriplioiis of t!ie pai-t of Dtronahire borderiajt 
ou tho Tomar and the Tnvy. In this work there is givvu 
an nccnuiit of the Piiies, from whiuh wc derivo the Ibllowiog 
iul'omiutiiin : 

According to the HeTon peasant, the Pixies are the »Oub 
of infant* u'lio died before they were baptised. Tbcy ai« <4 


• Thii nunl I^Jiy, b <^1<leD(]T Tuf kiv, iho *ni!rann( dimit-uJiTr mj/ bcinf 
•iWcJ tn Puck, liWc |ici*j, Nincj, D^jite. So Mr*, Titmiiier m hrr F^buloui 
lliiti>rin-^«vliii-h ve rr*A with wondcifiil plcaatirv m our cliiUliiriHl, tlJil 
wofiM r«ri>ntmFiid to o»r J«"D]t m<lfi«-'Ciil]» brr li«i-rubmB jVrk«> uid 
FJ-ip*». Piijry ia nnlr Vitr ttJintpittrtU Mrt. J^ray 6vr\*r% I'is* from P^j^mj. 
Ai Truro, in <"nrn«B]l, m« Mr, Thnm* ihfonnt u». iVic motfu, which tom* 

riiriniii» bniuLit'lv nuiijh^ Ti^BdmbUno- Iwinf^i iliit and ib« Grork i^irjh, vltirh 
i» Ihtllj iniil Mkd iriutb- Clnniui (p 43Q> irllt iia fmm \\s nid j-luurj, ihat Ih* 
m[rr[tLlW ^m Tinmril in ^.l^rmviy, Ai^Of t, «w £/(r^ tnd IfatI Ibt ALp oftvv 
Uks* tko ftrrm of ■ Uialcrflj'. 



unall ditnensionB, giecernlly hflndw>m(* m thmV ftirm. Their 
Bttire i» nWnyf grci^ii. Dnticing U tlii-ir cWiet nriiuseiiiont, 

FKhicli they pcrlonn to tlie niiuic of the cricket, the grain- 

' Lopper. and ttio IVoh. — always at niglit ; and tlius thry fomi 
thu lairT-riiigs. The I'liy-Eioimp is iwu/illy in ii riH-i. By 
moon-liglit, on t)ic moor, <ir uiicli>r tlie dark uliadi- of roc'ks, 
the I'ivy-nsiiuari'h. M«. Bray savd, holds hia court, where, 

Llike Titaiiia, lie pivcs his subjects their nevernl ehnrgf*. 

iSoimo are nelit to thn miiu-*, where they will kindly Irad the 
miniT U> ihi- rii'hiiit lode, or inalioiuuoly. by iioiscB iijiilatiDg 
the Blroke of the liaiuincr, and by liilse fires, drnw him ou to 
nhcro tiic worst ore in the mine lien, and then kugh ftt hi* 
disappointment. OUim an- »ciit 

To make the nuuiln Uicir iduUcrt rue 
hj piui^liiug Uiaui butli k>[iick luiil bluo. 

On thia account, aays Mrs. Urav, "the good damea to 
tills pnrt of the world Mr very piirtioiitar iji •wrppiog their 
houKen bt-foro thuy go to bi-'d ; and they will lir(|iicntly 

Since a bnain of water bfsidt- ihi- cliininey-iioDk, to accommn- 
nto thi> Pixies, who are great lovttrs uf water; aiid aoine- 
Ltiia«0 they requit* tht giiod doed by dropping a piece of 
F money into tlio baain. A younf; woinnu o) our lowii, who 
di'clnrfd she bad reciiivcd tlie reward of sixpence for a Uko 
errvice, told the circuniAtancc^ to her ^omins -, but no six- 
pence erer cnme again, nnd it uas geiiernlfy bcliin-iKl thai 
tbo Pixies had tftkcn offence by bcr cliiitt4-riii[;. as thoy do 
iiot like to have tlieir di!edii, good or kvH, talked ma by 
mortal ton);uca." 

The olRco of some is to atiuil children ; of other*, to tend 
Iruwllcni luilray, aa WiiW-lhe-wiapa, or to I'itg-lrad ihecii, 
M it ia temird. t^ome will make confusion iu a housi- by 
blowing out the imndle, or kissing tho maids " with n smack, 
H6 thty ■ shnek Who 'a this i" aa the old [Kift writ<'s, tiH 
Ihoir grandams come in and lecture them fur allowing 
[ lin«cicinly fnM-doms with their hachelors." Others will make 
tioivM iu walls, to fri^bt'-'n pi-oplo. In short, everything 
thai is done elsewhere by fairiea. boggarta, or other like 
beings, is dono in Devon by tho IHiiea. 

It is said that they will sometimes aid tlieir favourites to 
•pinning their floi. " 1 have heard a alory about an oUI 



woman in this town," »ts Sirs. Hniy. "who atupectH 
receivetl iiMiHtancc of the aliovo nsltiro ; and one (-Ti-iiiii 
coming Kuddcnljr into the cuom, ibe «pic<l n rairgod littfc 
CKoturv, wlio jumped out of the dour. Shu IboiigKt >>hii 
would try still furtlitT to win Ibo eonioos of Iter elHn fi-ic nd, 
and to bought aomo uiiArt im-k rlnlhcs, $* big m Ihoso iiutdo 
for a doU. Theae unHty thini^ she pluceil bv tlw iiidv n( 
her wbeel. The Piij returned, and put tin'tn ou; Mhru^ 
clapping bar tiaj biuuLi, nho wm hcnrd to oiclaiai — 

liiy fine, Kiy p>y, 
Pijg; SOS mlf run *<nf I 

and off »Iifi went. But the uneratcTul little en'atun' n:>Tcr 
npuii for tli« VOOT old woninu ufl«r." 

Mrs, Bnij liM been lUHiiivd tlint mother* uimmI frei^ueiitir 
to pin their f.hildrcn to tliiiir nide*, to pmrent tlii'ir lii-iiii; 
•toUn by the Piiiea; and ahe heard of a woiiiixn in Tmiatock 
who avowed tliot lier mother had a child which voji alolt-n 
bjr iht'in. ti ahe waa engaged hanging out clothea to dt]r in 
hergarden. 8hcaliDo«tbrokobcrhwrtwhen sbediaooverod 
it; out aho took great care of tho ehangi^ing, which ao 
nleiiied the Pixy, tliat she aoon afl«r in>vfl Ibe woman back 
tier child. «ho proved ominentW lucky in after life. 

The being V'ljy-W i* a thing very apt to bo&U wortbr 
vn>in(!n returning at night from Giir or market, eapeciallj 
if they aat long nt the morkot-table ; and tbeiu aava our 
authority, " he nill doelar«, and ofler to toko bia Biblo-oath 
upon it, that, aa aure aa ever hu 'a alive to tell it, wbtlat hia 
head wna roaning round tike a miU>wlu>cl, he heard with 
hia own eara they bit* of IHogioa a-lnughuig and *-/«mHN^ 
thoir hand*, all to k« he led-ojctraj, amTDcrvr able to find 
the right road, though be had trarelled it scores of timea 
long agone, by night or by dnv, aa a body niii;hc tell." 
Mr. TItoiiia, too. waa told by a Devon ^1, who hiul onen 
heiud of tho Fiiiea, though aho had never acen an)-, tluit 
"aho once know a roan who. one night, could not Uud hia 
way out of hia own fielda, all he coulil do. until be rveollontcil 
to lim Am eoal ; and the tn^mont bi) did no, ho heard the 
Pixica all fly away, up into the treea, and thurv they aat 
and Inuglied. Oh! how tliey did laugh! Butthnmou then 
auun found his way out of the livid." 



Tliis turning of the coat, or «oine other nrti'cln of dii-iu, 
IH found lo bo the iiureat remedy agaiiist Puy-iliuaiom 
ilre. Bray aays that the olU foik iu Tavistocit have roi-oui-w* 
to it aa s prerentive against bciiig jPuy-Zei/, if (hey hare 
occftUon to go oMt oi\vr lan-dowii. It appeors to ha>'t> buen 
fiinnerlf in luo iu other parta of England aleo) for ilishop 
Corbet thus notices it iu his " It«r Borcalo :" 

Willium fuuiid 
A mau for our deliioiuice. Tarni yuur tloaltt 
Quolh liec. fur IHifko is bun/ in tbeao cukoa ; 
Iteier woe At lkis»>ii-ih wili be found 
Thcu lunu yuur rUiaiti, for thia ii t^rj grauuil. 

In Scuidinavin, also, ire leani the remedy ni^iiitist being 
Ud Bstmy by the Lygteiiiaud, Lyktgublie, or Will-0*-tli»- 
'Wisp, in to turn aue'it cap inside out. 

Mn, Brny gives, in addition, the following legeada, whioh 
we hnve taken the liberty of abridgijig a little. 

i Ohk night, about tvnlve o'clock in the momiiiK. as the good 

I folk* MV, who tcU this t;uod tale, Daiiie liiv Mgefemme 

of Tavi'alock, had just got comfortably into bed, nhcu 
rap, rap, rap, cnino on her cottagii door, with iiuch bold and 
continued uoise, that there waa a BOuud of autburity jn 
every Individual knock. Htartlc-d and al^tiied by tbe call, 
•ho arti«c from hiir bcii, and noon It-amt that the miiimioiii 
Vita a hiwty one to bid her attend on a patieut who ucedeil 
her help. Sbo opened her door, when the summoncr 
■piiitarcii to be a atnui)|;(^ wjuinl-eyed, liltle, U{;ly old 
fallow, uho had a look. »■ iibe said, ver}' like a certain dark 
|>eraonago, who ought not at all time* to be calhid by hia 
propvr name. Not at nU prepoHoeHied in favour of the 
crmnd by the viiuno of the meascnjrer, vho novtrtheleM 
could not, or dared not, resist iho command to follow bim 
■imigiit, and attend on " hia wii«," 

dit pirg 'Labour. 



"Thy wife!" thumt'il tlie Rood lUrae; " Hi-aren fi>rgire 
me, but na sure aa 1 live 1 be gouif^ to the birtli at a littla 
divil." A Wrc coBl-lilnfrk hor»<!, with rvw like balls of flrv, 
ntood at lh<! dour. I'liu ill-lookiuK i>ld fallow, nitbixit iDOrv , 
ndo, uihiitked her li|i on a lii|{li pillion m a luiuuto, twateii 
lilinsell' bcl'orp licr, niid nuTky wont horse nad ridcra as if 
MiliQg through the nir rnthiT tliun trotting on the ground. 
Ho'.ir ahe not to the phix iif ht-r deBtinaliim she cuuld not 
tell ; but it n'as a f;reat ivlief to her t'esrii when nhe found 
hcniolf dpt down nt the door of a neat cottngv, mw a rouplfl 
of tidj' childntn, and remarked her patii-iit to he a drirt-tit 
looking; woman, haviit^ all thiu;>8 about her fittiiiK the liui« 
Mid OL'caJsion. A fine bouucing babv eoon made its i^>pear- 
ancc, who xicfmcd vi-ry linUl on itn i-iitry into life, fur it g*v« 
the Koud daiiii- a boa uti the fnr, aa, with the coaiiog and 
t.-vjolery of oil i;ood old uurocs. she declared tho "* sweet 
little thing to bi; wry like its father." The motbor atii 
nothing tu thin, but gavL' nurse n I'l'rtu'm ointment, with 
directious that she should ulriit (t. e. mi) the child's eyes 
with it- The nurw! performed her task, comidering what it 
i-ould ba for. Shi' thought that, lu uo doubt it was a good 
thing, she might just sm well try it upon her owu e»e« as 
trcll as thoHC of tho baby ; so she made free to tlrikx on« 
of them by wny nf trial, when, O yc powcra of fairj' land ! 
what a rbange was there ! 

The nent. but homely eottngo, and all vho were in it, 
scciDi?d all on a sudden to undo^ a might}' traDHforma- 
tion ; some for the bettrr, iwmo fiw the wors^. The ni-w- 
iiiadf mother appeared Ob a beautifiil hidv attired in while ; 
the babe was neen wi-apped in ewndoling clothes of a 
silrery gaiin:. It looki-il much prettier thwi lifftin.-, liitt 
Ntill maintained the ellxBh eaat ot ihu eye. like bin father, 
whilst two or thre« ehildren more had undergone a wlrange 
metnmorphosin. For then- Kat on cither cidt^ the bed'» heotl, 
a I'ouplo of little flat-uoaed imp*, who with " mo|>9 and 
mows, and with many a grimnee ajid griii, were busied to 
no end in scmtrhing t.h(nr own polln, or in pulling tho fairy 
lady'it ears with thi'ir long anil niiiry pnwa. The duuie who 
beheld all this, feariug she kuew nut what, in tho house of 
cneh.intment. got away as fa<it as she could, without saying 
«ue word about ttriking her <nni oyi; with tho nugic 



oiiilDK^nt MiA wliat (Hm lifti] seen. Tho sour-Wkirit; old 
fellow once more h.inilcii tier up on the ciinl-blnck-horwi, nnd 
•vnt licr lionK! id a k-Ai/i liua * niui-h tiu>t<rr thim !i)ic cnnin. 

On the neit iiiarkeUd^iy, when slie uilliM) forth lo sell 
her es;^. silt' saw tlic same old fellow busy pilferiug sundry 
articles t'mni xtnll to ntnll, nnil goinc up to tiim iihc cnioiivd 
ahout his wifu iiud olnld. " Wtiat! cii-luiiiK-'il he, "lUi you 
nee tue lo-day 'c " •■ See vou I to be B\ire 1 do. aii pUiii na I 
■ed the sun in tho nky ; nnil I «ip rnu urn liusy. too." " T)o 
you ? " wyx he. " auii pray with which vyn do you mw aD 
this ? " ■' With the right eye to be sure.^' 

"Theoiiitmcnt! the ointtnfnt !" cried he- "Takf thnt, 
for tnrddliiig with whut diil not hi-loug to yuu ; you shnll scv 
me uomoro." 

He struck her eye as ho spoke, and from thnt hour tlU 
tho dny of bor doatli she w.u blind of that oye. 



Two sen'ins-Rirht in Tovtntock siud that the Piiies wcro very 
kind to them, aod u^ed to drop silver for them intoabuckrt 
of fair wftU-r whicii they took cnro to place for thi^m in the 
ehiuioey-iiook fvi-ry ni^ht. Oiicu it wiut foTKOtteu, and the 
I*iiie8 forthwith eaine up lo the girls' room, tuid loudly 
cDiuplained of the neglect. One of them, who happened tc 
be awakv, joion--d the oth«r, and propowd guinj; tlowu tc 
rectify the oinissiou. but she said. " fur her part she would 
not stir out of bod to ]>leiMn all the pixies in DcTont>hire." 
The other went down tuid fdk-d the bueket, tu which, by the 
way, she found Dcxt morning n hauilfuU of nlver pennies. 
As she wad retuniiiig, shi! liL-urd t)ii- Piiii.-B dcbiit,iiij[ about 
wb&t they would do to punish tho otiicr. Various DwdM 
wore propoced nnd rejectod ; at liuit it w.%s ngroed to gi«« 
her a lauic Ic^ for s term of seven ywirs, then to be euvi-d 
by aa herb growiu^ uu D&rtmour, whose name of sateo 

■ Wkip My* ht, u Mn. Bnj conjMtorHa 



Kvltabtea waa pronoutici<d in a cle&r and audible U>i)e. Thta 
tli8 girl tried by ovrry knovn mccins to lis in her monwuy. 
But when >he awoke in the morning, it wna ff>s\c, niul tho 
cuulil ouly tell thut AluUv wan to bu liune for suveu venn, 
and Ihm Wi cured by ao n^rb with a Strang name. As for 
Molly, »he aroM' driul Inmc, and so she continued till tli« rtid 
of the period, wh^n one tiav. <ut she waa piL-kina; up a mtwh- 
room, a strsoge-lookiue boy st&rted up aiid iiiaisted on 
wtnlnng her leg with a plant which he held in his hand. He 
did HO, luid obe wEw curt'd ood became the best dnncer iii 
the town. 



All old woman who lived near Taristock had in her gardi-n 
a splendid bed of tulips. To these the i'iiie« of the neigh- 
bourhood loved to resort, and often at midnight might th*y 
be heard singitig tbejr biibi'H to rest among them. Bv their 
luagie power they made the tulips more beautifnl and more 
[jiTinanent than any other tnlipa, and they enused them to 
emit a fragmnee eipml to thnt of the rose. The old wonimi 
was 80 fond of her tulips that she would never U't one uf 
t))em be plucked, and thus tho Pixies were never deprived of 
tbcir flonti Imwcra. 

But at len^h the old woman died ; the tulips were taken 
up, and the place eonverk-d into a paraley-bed. Again, 
however, the jwwer of the Piiios was ebown ; the pursley 
wilhe-red, and nothing would grow even in llie other beds of 
the garden. On the other hand, they tended diligently tho 
crave of the old woman, around which they were heard 
Inmenting and singing dirges. They suifered not a weed to 
grow on it \ they kept it always green, and evermore in 
Spring-time spangled with wild nowers. 

Thus far for tho Pixies of Devon ; b« for the adjoining 
Soiiienet, nil we have to say is, that a, good woman from thi»t 
eouatf, «rith whom we were ueqiiaiutcd, uw.'d, when inaLing 

n Cilko, ninnys U> draw n croas upon it. Tliis, she wud, wai 
ill onltrr to {iri'vcnt Ihu Vniriee from dunclng on it. She 
described tliese Vairiea as being verj' smnll people, wlio, 
with tho Tnnitf iintitral lo litlle penoDogefi, wesr liigh- 
bcelcd iihoi-ii, anil if a new-mado cako be not duly rro<i«'d, 
tliey iiiipriut on it iti their capers the roorkH of their heclit. 
Of the actual eiiBtence of the Vuiriea, she did not seem to 
Kitcrtain the •hadow of a doabt, 

In Donet olso. the Piiy-loce still lincen. The bein^ is 
called P«iy luid Coleptxy ; the foesU belemiiitos are onmea 
Colt-'pcxies'-bigers ; nndthn fossil erhini, Coli-|>tiiit'ii'-hi!tidti. 
The children, when naughty, ure ulao threateiied with the 
Peiy, who is euppoeed to haunt wood* and coppice*.* 

"In Ifampahire," says Cajitain Oroite, *'they gt»e tlio 
name of Coli-Pi«y to a supposed spirit orfwry.whichin thi 
■hapo of a hor«o wiokert, l e. neighs, and misleads bono 
into ho([», <rt«." 

The rollowing iit a Hampshire ItigeDd:^ 

C!)C /airp-criitc1it<. 

it rAJUUK in Hnmpnhiro was sorely distrcisftd bv the 
naaetffilu of his bum. irowerer vtrniglitly over'iiiglit h<- 
laid hk ueaToa on tlie tliivshing-flour fur thi- upplieutiun of 
the monung's Soil, when morning came, all wa» topsy-turvy. 
Uggledf-piggledy, though the door rcmnincd locked, and 
(hen yn» do nga whatever of irrrgular entry. KeBolred to 
find out who played liim those miHchit^rouspmnlis, Hodgv 
couched hunself one night deeply among the sheuvo*, »nd 
watched for the enemy. At leiifrth midtiif;ht arrived, the 
bnm wo* illuminated as if by moonbeams of wonderful 
brij^htuess, and LhruuKh the kt^y-hole came thouaiinds of 
ftWes, the most diiuiuutive that could be imagined. Thev 
immpdiatoly began their gambols among the straw, whicli 

* Bnnil, I'oiiulnr AnilqiiJiin. ii. AI3. B«Wa edit. 
t Oirao lb the Ll'^nr; Uuctu f»t 11135. No. 130. 


naa hoou in & moat admired disorder. TIodg«> wundnvd, but 
interfpred not ; but fit last the 8U[)emiitural thicrta bpgui to 
biuy themselves in a way atill leM to liis taste, for cjich vlf 
set about eonroyiug tlio crop away, a straw at a than, with 
astouisliing activity mid persereraiice. The key-hole waa 
still thuir port of egrt-ss and regress, and it rcKiMnblod thv 
aperturv of a bwliive. on a sunuy day iu Juue. The fanner 
was rather annoyed at seeine his grain vanish iu this fashion, 
when one of the fairies enid to anotlier in the tiniest voioo 
that ever was heard — " / leeal, you tefal T Hodge ooiilcl 
contain Uimaelf no longer. Ue leaped out (.-ryiug, '' The 
devil sweat ve. Let mc get among j-el " when they all flew- 
away so fnghtencd that they never dislurK-d the bam 
Buv more. 

In Suffolk the fnirirs are cnlled^ri^^fv. Not many vcara 
ago, a butcher near Woodbridge went to a farmer's to buy & 
colC Uid finding, aa he eipressed it, that "the cratur was all 
o* a muck," he desired the farmer to hung a flint by a tXrvax 
ia tho crib, so as to bo just dear of the ealfs iKOd! 
"Bccaw," imid hn, " tbi? calf is rid oifery night by ih* 
faruMM, and the stone will brush them ofil" * 

We onco questioned n girl from Norfolk on the subject of 
Fairy-loru. She said she ba<l otVen heard of and even s«en 
the X'rairie*, They were dressed in white, and lived under 

the ground, where they con*triict<:d houses, bridge*, and 
other edifit-es. It is not sale, she added, to ^ near th om 
when they appear above ground. 

We now proceed to Torksliire, where the Bog^rt and tho 
Barguest used to appear in by-gone days. Tlie former, 
whose uanie we will presently oiiilaiu, is the same as the 
Brownie or Kobold ; the latter, wiiosc proper namo porhaiu 
is Baru-ghniat, or Bam-Epirit, keeps without, and usuallf 
takes the form of some duraeatic aniraa!. 

* Bniid, Populu AnliquiliM, li. 503. Itnha'i •HU 



€ht liiisflart 

Iv tfa« bouBc of .11) lioiirrt faniirr in Yorkshire, uaiiied 
Ooor^ Gi]bcrt30D, a Bo^ttpirt liod tnkiMi up h'u nbodc. ilc 
hens caused a good deal of aimoyance, eai>i'ciallj by tormunt. 
ing th« childivn in Tttriouit way». ^metimes taoir bread 
and butter would be anaU'hod away, or th<'ir porrincicrs of 
br«ad and milk be capsited by au irtvinible hand ; lor tli« 
Boggart never let himiicif be aeen ; at other tiirm, the cur> 
taiiia of thpir beds would bo nbaken bnckwnrds aad forwards, 
or a heavj' wiiigbt notild pn-nm on mid iicnrly mflbcato them. 
The parents had ofttn. on heariujf their ^.■rie^ to flv to tlu-ir 
aid. There iraa n kind of closet, formed by a wooaeu parti- 
tion on the kitchen-stairs, and a large knot hariiig bt^ii 
driven out of one of the doal-boarda of which it wiw (iiade. 
there remained a hole." Into lliis ana dav the furniur'a 
Toungest boj stuck the shoe-horn with which lie wan aiuuBJiig 
nimseir, when imTiii'diatrlv it wh thrown out again, and 
struck thi? boy on thi; hmd. Tbo agent was of counr the 
Boggart, auil it soon bet-ume their ajwrt (which tht-v (idled 
bkitif t tcilh Bomari) Xo put the ehoe-horo into lh« hole and 
ham It shot back nt tb«m. 

The Boggart at Icngtii proved nicb a torment thnt the 
fiuitier and his wife reeoWed ta ijuit tbo houim and let hlui 
hare it all to hiniMlf. This wiw put into execution, and the 
&rmcr and hi* family wrr« following the Ust tomln of furni> 
tuiv, when a neighbour named JoliB Mamhall eame u|i — 
" Well. Gcorgoy," said he, "and son you 're leaving t'ould 
hooMi at hut ? ' — " IlL'igh, Joliuuy, my lofl, I 'm forced 
tull it ; for that damned Boggart torments us soa, we can 

* The El^ort of Sr<>tlin><, when ii ii 1iki>in>r ucnbcd u <1w lUilMi 
JunlaaoD. >. *, Tbo Hmr npininn iinnili in Dimnuili, wbfre it u bM ibw 
tuj me who Iwki Ihroiiib il mil •» ihiap b* vDold not adttrwlH H(<« 
koVnn: M«Thielf, II. IS. 

f Tb* AntJo^JaiaD UIom, lai(a», la pliy. 




neitiierrcrt ncct Dor day for't. It stwms loilce to hxre Rncb 
m Dialice again t'poor bnima, it omiiid^t kills mv poor dame 
Iiere at thoughts oii't, aiid wia, ye iiee, we're taratd to flitt 
loike." He scarce had uttered the words when a »oico frnn 
a (lecp wpriglit chiim cried out, " Aytv nye, Georg*y. we're 
flitting ye see." — " Od dmnn thee,"'i'rii'J the poor fanner, 
" if ] 'd kiiown thou 'd been there, I wadn't ha' stirred s 
(vg. Nay, nay, it 'e no use, Mnlly," turning to hi» wLfo, 
*' we may as weel tiini back agniii to t'ould hooso as be tor- 
mented in another iliuf a imt bo couTenient," * 

WWert mV fStiOml. 

An old lady in Torkahiro relntid ne follows; — My eldest 
daugfattr Betsey wa« about four yvnra old ; 1 remember it 
vraa on * fine sunitncr's nftRnioon, or mthrr evening, I waa 
BBated in thin chiW wbicli I now occupy. Tbc cluld had 
been in the -garden, flhe came into ihul entry or passaoe 
from the kitoiien (on tho rieht »ido of the entry was tee 
old parluu Indoor, on tlio l<!tl the door of tlic common aitting* 
room I the mother of the child was in a Uue with both the 
door*) ; thit child, inntead of tuminf? townrtia the fitting- 
room made a puuiw at the jmrioiu'-door. wliit-h was open. 
She irt«od aeveral miuutos quite etiJl ; nt last I saw Iior draw 
ber hand (jiiickly toward* her body; ehe set up a loud 
shriek and iioi, i>r rather fli'w. t<i itie crriog out " Oh ! 
Hammy, grwo man will hab mo! green man will hah mel " 
It was a long time befoiv 1 could pacify her ; I then askod 
h«r why sbovrax »o frightened. "0 Mammy," iihii mid, 
"jl t'parlour is fiitl nf addle r» and Tnmitfrt.' Elves and 
fhiries (apcctrcN?) 1 suppoae she meant. She sud th^ 

* Wc hm ■brl'lnil ihli It^nd tmat • mll-minm Iritri ia thu IJlmij 
fliiFtw, No. 43D (l83d), ihr wrllsr of whirh uia, hv knew tha hnuae in 

utLnr, tvhn v^iA thp hum «• i^Ufn inti^bn! %i tlm h«ul uf liiinKtilf kiiiL bi> 
fepprenliee, nhrn in th* Xarth-fniintrv ftahmn iltty weal to work al Ibc fkrib- 
It* ld«ntii)i iritli Dlhir Ircciidt will bt ■( snot pcndnd. 




were danrfuR. wid a littlu iiian itt a greeu coat with a gold 
taced rocked bat on his hpnd, offered to tnke her baud an a 
hci woiiFd have her aa l\)» partner in the dance. The mother. 
upoa Ut*ruigthiB. went atid looked iuto the old unrlour, but 
tbs fairy vision had lao'ted into thin air, " SiiL-b," uddn the 
narmtor, " is the account I hi-'ard of this iision of fiiiriea. 
The pemoQ ia atiit alive who wilneued or eiipnoacd tihn «uw 
it, and though a woU-iiifi>rmed person, still pusitivelv a-isuts 
the refation to hr utrictly true* 

Ititson, n'bo was a native of the bi^hopnck of Diirbnm, 
tells UK t thitt the fairii-n fnsjueotcd many ports of it ; that 
tliey were di-ncribed im heiiis of the *iiiull(-«t fiu; aii'l 
unifomily habited in greeu. The/ could, however, change 
their BiBe and npnearaiico. " A woman," he says, " wbo had 
keen in their Kooietv challenged one of the guests whom she 
eapied to tUe tuiu-fiet aetliuR fuiry- butler.; Thin freedom 
was deeply resented, and cost her tlie eye she Grnl hum' biin 
with. Some one iulbmici him liiat nn acquaintanee of his 
in Westmoreland. wi«hiiig to see a fniri-, wiw told that on 
sueli a day un the aide of xucU a bill, he nliouhlbc g:mtiHi;d. 
lie went, and there, to use hia own worda, " llie hobgoblin 
stood before him in the likeness of a green-coat lad." but 
ranitihed iriKlniitiv. This, he Kuid, the mnn told him. A 
leuiulc relation of' hia own told Sir. Bilaou of Kobiu Oood- 
ieUow'a, it would eeeni, thrashing the com, churning tbe 
butter, drinking the milk, etc., and when all w.-u drme, 
^tnit before the flro " li/uia great rough kurgin (hugging ?,' 
fcar. " § 

* And true no doubi li Ii, (.«. ttw hnpnHlan nikde «u iin liut(iii(itaii »u 
u ttfonit u if the objci^tt Ltd bfvn aciuaIIit befian licr* 'llic iktrntor ta ihf 
ami |M>n»ii wliu u>lrl tin pnadlB| Bafgirt ttarf. 

t VVTJ Tiilrspp.21, SB. 

* In N'orchiLnihvrUnil the mmmnn [HVplcfnll fecvrtijn fkiii^kilvxrrvitvni-*. 
■vmi^iiinn found kbqul clin root* qf old trr««, Fiuiy-buttwr. Xhtr fn^ mmi 
bud in & nrtun dtjn'n vf putjrfift<tiJDQ. ic ji irduccU la x rumiBlcnfy, wbirh, 
Vi^tbn with iu coJDur, midm i1 Hal unlike fauiur, uh] bcucp Lbe oitnie. 
Br&nd. r»p(]lar An1iqr]iticai, \i. 4?'i. Ilulin'i cdil. 

Tbo Mxiin Ttliik Tci; or Kuij^-buiicr a( WbIh, m IR laid ia ibc uiiie 
plwT, it I tubituioc fuiiuil It a gnsl <lc|>Ih la cstlUa at lluaUiw-nclU when 
■iakinf for \r*A<n. 

i Csmp. Uilwa, L'AUi^ra, 10£tr^ 


liUKll 1IUITAII>. 

The Barguest used also to njipear in the thipe of 
mnfltiff-doc and at\icT luiinmU, mid tenitf people vritli Itia 
tJtrUxt (•hriekn). There waa n )tur(;ut-st lumm the Pick- 
tree Brae, nhosc usual form waa thiit of a little ;^o«a}-, 
"iu which shajm a fiirmcr, »ti!l or ktoly living thcrcabouto, 
rcportcil thut tt had come to him oue iii^bt an he waa Koine 
home; that he got upou it and rode »ery qiiielly liU it 
came to a civat pond, to which it nrn und threw him in, aiid 
uimi laughiaij airay." 

the fairies is Dot vet 
derive tho followins 

In North umborl and tho belief in 
Citinct. Tho writer from whom we 

legen<b teUa ua * that he kuew an old man whoee dc^ hnS 
pointed a troop of fairies.t and though he could not tiee 
them ho pkiidv licard tlietr muniu aoiinding like a fiddlo and 
a very »mall\>air of pip-s. lie alao tdlit uh, that aiMiy jam 
a^ a girl who lived near Nether Witton, b» she waa return- 
tag fh»n milking with her pnil on her head, mw th« fairiea 
playing in th« iicldfi, and though nhe pointed them out to 
nnr companiona they eould not »ee them. Tli« renvou it 
set-raed wiia her irriite or pad fur beariiig the uall on her 
head wuo eompoeed of four-leaved clover, which givve the 
power of seeing fairies. Spots are pointed out in »eque»- 
tered plncea aa the favourite LauiitB of the elvee. A few 
niileH m>ni Alnwick is a fairy-rtng. roond wiiich if people 
run more than nine times, some evil will hefnll them. The 
ehildrcn constantly run this number, but notliing will induce 
tliein to venture a" tenth run. 



The JTarij flurirlinB. 

A COTTtm and hia vrife residing at Nether Witton were 
one da^ iWtod hj a Jar^ and his spouse with their jroung 

• Ri«^*rdlCD, T>bl«-Bonk. iH. 4S : mt kbotr, p. S9T, 
+ ThJ" won;, M no mnt h:*. it ■pcli/oWi* in ihc lollnitin(t l(g(inJ«i M ' 
nay •appoK' iU>> /"■ry <• i>n>naun«iJ furry in lbs Nonb, «likh lu* * tnrwwj 
(ulncidcDc* with Pait m€ ibavtip. IS. 



whicb thej' «-i»hcd 
«0Beed 'to lakn 

to \«xn in their cbnrge. Tie 
~«Muw «0Beed 'to takn cam of tlie child for a certnin 
pakd'imil it hnd to be taken th^iice. The fiiiy gnre th« 
ifUB » box of ointment with irhich to ttnoiDt the child's 
itrfM; but he had nut iin any nccount to touch hiinsctf with 
it. or some niiafortuQe would befid him. For ii long time he 
and his witb were vcrr careftil to avoid tho diuigerouB 
unetion ; but one diiy wtien his wife who oitt curiosity over- 
came Iiis pnidenco, luid h« anointed hie eyes without anr 
noticeable cfTcct : but afler a whiti.\ wheu walking ihruuKli 
Long UorKley Fair, he met tlir male fary and ftpi.'ostt'd him. 
He started baok iu anmjiement at tho ri-cognitioii ; but 
instantly guessing tho truth, blew on the eyes of the cot- 
tager, and inst.inUy blinded him. The child'waa never more 

ffbr f«Tn ILnbour. 




Ahotukr tale relates that a meeaongcr hamg visited a 
country midwife or hoiedie r«(]ueittvd h«r profMiional 
asaUtance iu a caae where bo much aecrecy wa» required 
that she must be conducted to and from the destined place 
blindfolded ; she ut first hesitated, bnt her gcTuplee irere 
overcome hy a handBumn present, the nroiuisc ot a future 
nward, and assurance of perfect perHOiinl safety. 8h« then 
submitted to th<t n-quircd condition, mounted behind the 
niessenjcer on u flt-et ehariti'r, and was rarricil forward in an 
unaccountable manner. The journey was not of Iodk con* 
tjnuance. thn stci^d halted, slm dismounted, and was 
conducted into a. cotta^te where the haudngo was removed 
from her eyes ; cvcrythmg appeared neat and comfortable. 
She lias shoivii the woman, "in the stniw," and performed 
her ofliee ; but when ready to dress the babe, an old vroman, 
(who, according to the narration, appears to have been tho 
nunw,) put a bo» of ointment into hrr hand, requiring her 
to anoint the child all oi'er nith it, but to be crnvful that it 
did uut touch her owit persoui ibe prudeutljr coupliMl, 



though wotidirriog tit thtf motivu. Wliilat thin openiboa 
goiiiK uu. hIi^ f<^lt an itchiuK in one of lier ejes, snd in 
unt^anlcd mommt rubbra it nith a fingt-r irhich had 
toiirhi'ii th<! mvntcrioiis (lintmi-iit. And nnw a nun accna 
forced itaeJf upon her aatouitiiied viaiou. tuid «li« hw evo-jr* 
thing in a dinrrent light; inxtcrvd of tlio neat cottage, end 
porcrivctl the IjiiTJO oviThiuigiiij;; Iminphi-ii of an ancirnt oak, 
wlioae hollow luiJ luoaa-grown iruuk alu; liiul bt-fore mixlakvii 
for the flro place, clownomts supplied tike plac« of lampa, 
and, in nhort, shr Inund hcrsrif in the abode of a ftmilr of 
furi(!tt, with furii's was shu nurroutidod, aiid one of tlieir 
number reposed oa her lap, She bowi'ver retained her E«lf- 
possoBsion. finished her tjisk, and wm ccinductod homeward 
111 I ho Kuni.' iimniicT aa nln- wua brought, tjo fur all weoC 
well, uiid the hoicdit might have carried the secret to her 
grave, but in aftor tiinc.fin n markct-dny (in whnl town tho 
le^nd Enith not.) fi)r2i'tfiil of her formur cuutioii, nhe wtw 
the old nunc nuions tiie coimtrrwomen, gliding about from 
one basket to another, ytaaaing a little wooden scraper alon({ 
the rolls of butt<?r, and carefiillT ccJlectLogthe pnrlirl«*tbua 
piirlointid into a vessel huug \ij her side. A^r a mutual 
Dut nih-iit ri'cognittoii, the uunie iiddreaaed her thus, " Which 
•ye do vou see me with?" "With thin," innocently 
aniwiTcd the other. Uo sooner had she apoken than a puff 
fnjm tin.' withering breath of her luiearthly coinpuiiiun ex* 
tin^piiahed the iU-latcd orb for ever, .ind the bag iustantly 



Another version says the Doctor a preBeuted with 
box of cyc-onlve by hia conductor^ on using it fao mm 
aplendid portico in the side of a KtMnp hill, through thin ha 
ia shown into the faries' hall in the ulterior of the mountain : I 
ho performs bis office, and on coming out receives a second] 
box ; he riihv one eye, and with it sees the hill in it« natural 
sliai>e ; then thinkuig to cheat the dc\-il, feigua to rub tho 
other, and gallops oS. Aftemards he sees the fary's hus> 
band nttrtditig com in the market, when similnr consequencei 
oefal hiiii an those which otvurred unto the wnnrnn. 




A WIDOW and her son, a liUle bay. lived tugetlier in a 
cottage in or ncnr the village of it^lhli-v, Northunibt-rland- 
Ouu wuiU--r'it L'vcning thu cliild ivl\iicil to gu t<i bed with his 
mother, aa he wisUea to sit up for a while louger, "fur," 
said he, " I am not sloepv." The mother fiadiug reiuou* 
stntnoc in vain, nt lnH toM him thnt if he ant nji bv himself 
the farie^ would mont certainly (.•<iii«? and iuk« hiiu nwuy. 
The boy laughed as bin niotber went to bed, leaving him 
sitting by the fire; he hnd not been there long, wal^-hincthe 
(iiv and enjoying ita eheerfiil wnrnith, till a hoiiutifiil littk 
figure, about tlm sLee of a child's doll, duowndf J tlie cliimney 
and iiighted on the hearth ! The little Icllow wa« somewhat 
»tarlli'd at fimt, but it« prepos:«i'«iiing nnilo a* it paced to 
and rrt> before him «n<iu overeiimn his fcnn, and ho inquiiv-d 
familiarly, " What do they ca' thou ?" " Ainael," anawcivd 
the little thing liaughtily, at the unmo time retorting the 
(|Uc#tion, "And wluit do th^y ca' thou/" "-Wyaingor," 
oiMwercd the boy; and they coniiiK^nci'd playing together 
like two children uewiy acuuainted. Their f;ambolx eon- 
tiuurri quite innoceotlv until the fire began to grow dini: 
the boy then took up tlie jioker U> vtir it, u'lurn a hot einder 
aceideully ftU upon the foot of hia ]iiayiuute; her tiny 
voice was iuHl.intly raised to a most tcrrilic roar, and the hoy 
hnd scareely time to crouch into the bed behind bin mother, 
hi-forB the loiee of the old fary-mother waa heard choutiug, 
"Who's done it? Who's done it?" "Oh! it was luy 
ainsol !" anxwirrvd the daughter. " Why, then," said thu 
mother, aa aho kicked her up the chiniBeT, " what 's all tliia 
iioiite for : there 's nyou (i.«. no one) to Dume." 

Such ia tho num of what we have been able to collect 
respecting the popular fniry-lont of lihigland, the laivest and 
moat complete collcetioii that, to our k]iowlcdi;c, boa c\*et 



been niade. We mielit venture to add that litUo mon; is onf 
likely to be coUecteJ, for the soundu of tlwi cotton-mill, tbo 
Btcnni-engine, ami, nioro tliun all, the wbUtle of tlie mlmty 
tmiu, inon- puwerful tliau any ejorcista, have baniabed, or 
•oou will banish, the fairy tribes from all their »ccu«t«i»cd 
haunts, and their nnniu and thcrir I'xploila will in futuiv bv 
fuuuil rn worlu like tlie prveent ntber tbau in village 

Ai tbe iDeiT7 spirit. Puck, ia so prominent an actor iu the 
■cenea forming our next division, thin may be deemed no 
unfitting [jIho? for the coiiHiJeration of hia rarious appdla- 
tume ; such as Fuck, Bobin Uood-feUoWi Bobin ilood, 

PiK'k is ifvidently the same with the old word PouJit,* the 
original ineaniuK of which would eoem to be devil, demon, 
or evil spirit. Wo first meet with it in the \'igion of Tiers 
Ploughman, nlu^rc it undoubtedly signifies 'the grand 
odveriuy of Ood and man.* 

When, in tliis poem.t the Seer beholds Abraham, the per- 
wmiJIcation of Faith, with hia "wide dothee," within which 
lay aLazar, 

AmoDgDt patriu-lcs *nd propbetM 
Ploying lijgiijflr«% 

and aaka him what waa therey 

Luu I quuil bo. nnd k>ot ino nw> 

Lonl mercy ! 1 aeiJe ; 

TUit It s preacDt or inuclie pris, 

Wliat piynce ulial it bnvu I 

It is n precious preaeot, miod he, 

Ao the pooh it liutli ullAcned. 

Aod !Uo thcreniydo. <juoii that 

Uuy uo wed tu qujrto, 

Ko no bujrm bo oufs boq^ 
No brinin us bvm bis ihgnpri 
Out of tbe /vain pmi^aU 
No Diajii|inw mn lut bosbSi 
Til Le onine tliM I «STp« oT, 
Criab is Ilia nunc, 
TU»I atittll ileliiero as Km dsj 
Out o( tlio titi-rSa j>owor. 

Goldiiig also must have understood Poekc in the sense ol 
dmil, when iu the ninth book of his tnuislntion of Ovid, 

* rrDtubli' pronanncrd PiJit. m Mill In VTimealcnliirc- Our uitaton 
ftaqntntly niinl 011 or on fui Htc long d iihi1r> thfj eipmW IliD taaai nt DC 
hj fnllqwcil bT r, u rou mor, foht mok, mart niottr, poJt yotA^ 

t Pkaui iii'i. T. IXfill Kq. <ii. IB42. Csmp. n. 9303, 9SO0, 10,M3. 



atuiulhorisud bowOTcr b; the origiQal, ho npplirii it lo th« 

The coootry »h«i« Chynwn*, that Buno peeti 
Hath goBtiih bod;, lioo'i head uiil bhat, am] dra^n'a tairl*. 

Spenaor eniwloys the word, and he clearly dutinguiabes it 

from bob-gobliiL ; 

Xo lot houMltm aor Ugbtnlngi h«I[i1(iM liana*. 
Ne lot tb( poakt* nor oUier evil a|>ntc& 
Ke lot inUdiio*oiiiB wltdioa witli tbcdr cluutDi, 
M* lot iob-^MlM, DamM wImm msm m ••« oot. 

Fray na vith thio^ that bo not — BpiAalaiaion, r. 310, 

ThcM tvnriB mc nU» diatiuguiahed in tfao poam nunod Tli« 
ScuurgB »t Vguuh : 

AdiI Ihnt Ihcy may pon»i« tho bowviu ftt>*n, 
The pouia tnd gotilii^t pull tlio ooTclUgi duwu. 

In Bon JoiiBon'* j>Iny of The Deri! U an A»s, the unliifkr 
fiend who give* origin to it* name ia called Pug, siid in tlit- 
aaiDO author'a Sail Shi-plirrd thi? ppnonnge named Puck- 
hniry in, as Qillbrd justly ohiiL'rvtg. "not the Faiiy or 
Oriental Puck, though often confounded with htm." t In 
tnitb, it ia lirat in Khiikcspenre that ne find Puck coufoiuided 
with th« HoiiRP-Rpirit, and liming those traita of character 
n liich are now regarded aa hia very essence, and hnvo cniised 
Ilia name Pub to be given to the agile miachievoiui monkey, 
ftod to a kind of little dog. 

We will DOW diiK-UKN the origin of thia far-famed appella- 
tion aud ita derivation. 

In the 8lBvooic tongues, which are akin to the Teutonic, 
Stf ia Ood, and thcrv nm nlrights of etymology which would 
identify the two t«rma ; the Icelnndic Fuki ii an ent npirit. 
and tuch vo have «con was the Koglish Poiike. whioh euaily 
bccAmo Puck, Puf;, and ling; finally, in Friealand the 

• Mr. Todd li tight. In rMddi); potdt tai poiti*, an nirlviit Itpoi^phlc 
nrol I wronn la Mylnf, ~ lie li ihc fairy, Kobin 0(»d>(rlli>tt, knmrn b.i Iha 
Rainv of I'uck." Itabln ia tirg ~ btb-jpibllo " ncaliooHl lira linn aftri. 

t Vt know nothing of tbe OnFoiaJ Ofifin of Fuck, and lannol fp<* our Til. 
Macnt to tbo cliaraf lor of our ani^rtify, at tiprnacil In ihr< rrmtininf pan lA 
Mf. Giffonl^t nal« : " but a A^nd t nicndv red in ibr mttoAj ujiniit, Kod tqdv ajd 

EliKiTny Caiidn of Ikci harhuniia iiirulria of ibe Koiib.' li ii full iia» u 
iia dono witb dnciiliing il>* nld Coihiu nir ta Hiafca. 



Kobold u called Pule, and iii uld ntfrmiui we neet wiA 
I'uls or But£ M tho name of > bejn^ not uulike the origiiul 
Boelivb I'urk.* 'Vhe Dcinunliiro fnirira nra cxUad PuiMi 
and llic Intili lutre tlietr Pcjuku. ntid the nVlah thdr Pwco, 
both derived from l*i>uke or Puck. Prom Bug coaiaa tbe 
Hcottiflh Ikwlc, (which Ottwin l)ougln« Piprp«»Ir aist*ngairiM« 
fnnn thi- Bruwiiic) mid tho Yarluihiro Boggnrt.t Tlie 
Hwediiib laii^fiiaee ban tbe t«nDB tpSka, ^ake; the Daiiiiib 
^)dg9, tpSijeUe, tho (icnDftD, rpulmt, tpuk, all used of spirits 
or kIxmAh, nnd th>nr nppiuitioiMi. Pcrliftpi tlw Soottasfa 
paitiey, iJv. kiiuwiuf;, may belutif; to tho ssuie fiunilj o( 
words, AliiQ to Bogle wsa the old En^tiiib tomi Piickl«, 
noticed above, which i* utill retained in the wnsc of tnij- 
chittvouH, na til PL^it-Krini? Pii'ktn ond I.ittic Pickle. It hiu 
been oonjt'ftiirt'dl that Pk-Altharin^, thp Ooriiian terni for 
Huiv or nicrTy-niidrpw, may linve iwen pronerlv Pirk!eharia, 
i.e. the huiry uprite, lUiKni-riiif; to •loiixon ■ I'liek-hmry, and 
Ihut hi' tiiuy huvc u'uni a tL-atun* of liuir ur leaves to be 
rouKh hkt' the Itrouine mid kitidivd biriii^s. 

prom iiug ntso come Buijhciu'. and l){ii;li.'hoo. or Bug&boo. 
They owe their origin prfihably to the Hii! llol Hi>I gircD 
to Puck or Kohiti (Juudl'i'llow, im it wtui t<i thi- Devil {ijt., 
Pouke) ill lliL- Myateriea, Itull-beggar may be only a cor^ 
ruption of Ducbearl 

The following piLi«ufi;t! from n writer of thi; pmeut dsy 
proves thitl iu aome plscea the idea uf Puek us n spirit 
baunting the woods and fields is still retaitied. " The pea- 

* Drr PMt leHrde ■«* etrr bmj vml Vi'dlcr tragn. To TriglilsB 
hildreo lh«» »»; Dcr Bait Imnmil irr (Jii.tmi, IVui. M*iUul. p. 47*. 

+ Tlirf^ruirrmiulc bfiulilliiy ihc .\ii[)v^iuiia lad I'JigliiU''. (St lit* Intln 
ijr (i1ilii>( llie Biigliili art ; t« ]>. 3!U. 

; By Sir V. I'll^rttr, (lum hIimc ulicle la the Qmiwrlj ll»*io», ir» 
,inrp dtriH'J oiniij. ol ilie iehui rmuhI »bo«t, lie iddi ihhi (he Atgla- 
^■luEk pECiifi ]> tu iki^ctfv, tcduffl ; iljc Loqr-Saion jnotm lo ^mbol ; 
ffbkttn U> |i)ay Ihc fool; jmhra Id f«liiiidkc to mbko & OtitnoiinnE doIm^ 
la ilnl urrrity ; Mid pidix in Dtiiiih to hvM. II« fiiiilirr nddt tlir 
8»vt1Ub poika boy. ihf Anjtln^xan inri Svrpilidi piyn >ni1 Duniih fi^ girl, 
ir, howftrr. I'uukr It cnnnMIrd with ihr !«'iii'ni>n- lli>i;. ihftr it ilio nml <ma 
I4 only dtnvad^nt tV«m i;. Hy ihp uay Afjy ilarif trrnii In be otio of IhoM 
leniiBi thv AiiElo-^uinn ;»r;4 wu prulAbly iiroaDuiicfd^yOf Ktid 4 itami*- 
CulJnv Umnintt^ofi in Ihbl lutifunfr. 

I Sew tSnit, p. 391. In Iait Grnniln, bmcvri. the Kal-uIJ It alliil Bull- 
Hiino. RulUtmaun, Riillcrlulcr, fioiii tu/fcn, titiifini, Lu LiilhIi : *cc Gniuin, 
Hi Ktf. f. 47S. 




waatry," nays Mr. Allies,* "of Allritk niid imrts of 
W'oroesterBliire, say tliut they we sometimeit what they call 
Poakt-lfditen, that is, that they are occasioiinlly wnjiiiiti in 
tho iiight by n nii»chimi>u» eprito wbom they call Poukt, 
who leuda tlieui ttito ilit<;hes, bogs, pools, and other such 
•crapes, and theu aets up a loud tuugh and leaves them qint« 
lwJWp^Ulc^cd in tho lurch." This ia what in Devon in culled 
beiiij; Pixy-hd. Wo mnv observe the likenesa here to the 
Puct of tShakspuare and ^myton, who were both ualiTea of 
the ai^oining county. 

A further proof iierhnps of Puck's rural Mid citcrn cha- 
racter in the fotluwmg rather trilling circuinstaiicu. An old 
name of the ftingua named puff'baU U puci^l, which ia 
plainly PiickVli«t, and not fiiff-ji't ns >arc8 conJRi-turwd j 
fur it» Irish muiie is Co*-a-Phooka, or I'ooknVfoot, i.e., 
I'ui'k's-foot. Wo will add bv the way, that the Anglo- 
Saion Pulf»r-pfT. Wolfa-fiat, is ivudered in the dictionarica 
toftdftool, iiiUEihrcKiiu, and we <-nnnot help HiiH)>ectini; that aa 
wolf and elf wltu aoiiietimea confounded, imd wolf and fist 
lire, ill fact, incompatible lemis, thia was originulij iElper-Firr 
iilJ''8-tiMt, .ind ttuit tho niiuhrounis meant were not the 
thick ugly toudntoota, the "gri»li« todoi<tool(;ii," of Spunaer, 
but those delicate fungi coifed in Ireltuid fairy-muthroomt, 
and which perhaps in England alao were ascribed to th» 

So much tlien for Pock ; wu will now consider tome other 

BobLo Goodfellow, of whom we have given abore a full 
account, is ei'iJcntlv a domestic apirit, answering in name 
•Old cliuructer to tiie Niooe God-dreng of Scandiuavia, the 
Knocht Itiiprecht, i.e., Itobin of Germany. He soemi to 
unite in his person the Boggart and Bargiiest of Torkahire. 

Uob-gobUii ia,aa we hare seen, another name of the game 
apirit. Goblin ia tho French gohelin, Germnn Kobold; 
llob ia Rob, Robin, Bob ; jwit ilh Kodg<> in Bogcr, We 
«till havf! the proper names llubbs, Hobson. like Dii. Diion, 
Willa, WUaon ; by the way. Hick, 1.0, Dick, from Richard, 
Btill roraaina in Hickg, llicknon. 

* YjK^y <m the Ifnta Fjituui, quotnd Vj ThonK. 

*e And JUU wllOM pUBElIDD 

I* U> Bisko Duduinbi iiiiiabnH>ui>^-7«i>gMM, *. u 

Bobin Hood, though we can produc« no inatanw of it, 
must, tre think, tilxo have beon nn sppcllntion of this Bpirit, 
■nd bceti given to tbe famed outlnvc of mony Sbervood, 
fruni lii» aportiva cliaraL-ter tmd Wa abidiDg in (faurcccMes of 
the greenwood. Tho hood is a usual appendage of this 
domestiu Bpirit. 

of this spirit. Hence it may have been that the diminutivw* 
iif proper nnnics wcro given to him. and even to tlie Iguia 
Futuus, whiirli iti a country like England, that was in senenl 
drv and free frum sloughB and bog-holos, was miacaicToiii 
rather than dangerous.* But this eeema to have beeii a 
(-iiNtom of our forefatherB, for we find the devil himself called 
Old Nick, and Old Uavylathesuilor's familiar uatnc fur Death. 

In the Midsuntmer Xight's Dream tbe fairy aaya to Puck 
"Thou Iiob of Bprita;" Milton ha* the lubber^end, antf 
Fletulier says.t "Tliere in a pretty tale of a witch that limi 
a giant to bo her sun that waa calltd Lob LiL--liy-ihe-firtt." 
This might lead ub to suppose that Lob, whence ioly (looby), 
It^hard, lubber,% and adding the diminutive tin, Lubborkin, 
a name of one of the cluwus in (iiiy'e Pastorals, wa« an 
original name of aoine kind of opirit. We shall pre«i.<utly 
see that tho Irish uamo of the Leprechaun is actually 
Lubbcrkin. An to the origin of the name we have little to 
say, but it inav have had a sense the very opfwaito of th« 
present one of lulrixr, and have been counei'ted with tlie 
Torb to t«<y>-^ Grimm [| tellit of a spirit named tho Qood 

• Jick-o'.lbe-limihoni. Wlll-e"-[l*.wl»p. In Wanni«nbl» ihoj t«ll it 
I[ub-4nd-lii><linl1k{tm» uiA JlttlMfi^'^ or ltiit>mty'*'lintl,titn. A1h«B ttf WJi. 

* Arii it \ht Uu'iuuit hart, aaiI it. like 41. ilL^i^it-fLatory. It it noLvi Aiie1i>' 
j^bik (pruiiDiriurit bill niioi Ui« Aiigio-.Saitpn ^oUtdttU. wo ha<Q dntianL 
Hb)' nvl haggard be hauk-ard, ind the French iagard b« derircd fnm It, 
*liil iiol llic ttvtntf 

} KciT 111 Auj[lci-;4aian d(lan«;i/«(Au>im-AaiJf) in ngiidi'r, tmil (it-mdllv 
eojipe-arli, by Iha uiunl ii|ihvtiui> ul' Ihe Iwn lint tjrIlablH «t jiut oifgw- 
iiKi6, cubnTb. U»7 liul thi: Mint hive Mea Ihu two with Ml iinJ inaj Dot 
the Dniij bug be la ■ AlmlUi innnntr eoimcolcd wUh Pnck? A> (fMfjwuf 
^ in SivvJi^b a ogbn^b, one mi^ht be tempted lo luj^pou thul ihi* Uft, for 
whkh no giml ftiriniiD bju bteii olTered, wu lai-ofii but the true etrBoa 
k CDf^:M^ f'uin ith ii>iijil Ki1«, 

tI]iDn Iho <^>ji rijlit nf hi> nnie he hedde 

A wart- — t!bHui'fT. f\i«t. Tnirt, r. 6^6. 

: Dfui. U; thot. ■>. *9i. 



i'.fo wlinin tim booes of nniniiita iieciI to be olTcrrd nl 
1 ill Gtrinaiiy ; but w« »e« no rrsmublniice botwei^u 
him aud our Lob of spirits; w« might rallier trace ii 
cotmciioQ with the I'rench Lutin, Lubin,* Tho phrase of 
being in or getting info Lob'* Pound (like tlie " I'ouke'a 
jiondfold.") la eaay of es|)!ajiaUoii. if we suppose Lub tu 
(Ht a sportive spirit. It ia equivalent to being Poake-ledden 
or Pixy-led. 

Wight, anaweriiig to the Gemiiui Wtcht. seems to have 
been uaed ia the time of Clmiicer for elf or fairy, most 
probably for such ns haunted houses, or it muv hnva had thi; 
Biguificatioi) of vileh, which is evideutly onotuer fona of it 
lu tbv Milker's Tale the carpenter enys, 


I onnwhi Ibise from el<4« and IVoiii tdyhlt. 

Stm Crilt, an<t Soiot Bcn«IigUt, 

nilwi thl« bouso front 0TVI7 wicked mghil-\ 

ITrcbiii ia a term which, like elf and such hke, wo still 
nppljr to ehildren, but which ncems formerly t" hnvo been 
one of the iiripi>llutiiia« of tlio fairies. Ktgiiuild St-ott, iw wo 
have seen, pUei-s it in hia list, and we fijid it in the foUowiiig 
places of the poets: — 

Shall Tor Uio vn«t of nl|tht IhuC the; ma; work 
AUcurdiu "in thoix — Triapat, I 3. 


* St* Pfanet. /)• b > maK irnniiisiluii, vrrhin. lilia im, 1 diinliiuUn<, ■• 
Hi CWm Ktif, AoMa Bob. Z«(ih •tu sliu itwli huytim : >c« p. VI. 

t TbD lira liD» wfakh folio* 

Frv ilw nt^M aan tlio vnvi Pilcnintci ! 
Where muit ihon 3*ini Ptivc't lUiWr f 
ut nilier prfplflxiiif. Wt would fei|>1atn ihpm ihti«. Betfrvn^, u quoird 
b/ DnDtt (Pop. Aniii). i. 313. Bahn*i i^rt) m^^i t iiiii|(inari vay " I leteL 
lh« •hcplirnli ilic vnlfa palcniailcr.'' ■- (, niiii krijn nil llio oolf. Wilt 
■jiftf then ba i\ q. vii/ht, vitt U^^A' ptrfcmoifcr hr « bfc^ritid ■jpinii iS« 
viijhri, uil WD MnuJ<J nAil lIio lerfr ihiji : " Fro the nighUK mu* Uip miLfi 
piiftnotitr" te.bluxt it ur HJ. S[. Pcui'i iiMtor, i, e, wiio (t« 1 Cor, i». 4) 
amj' hare brt'ti aiuu^iHd hilhe populii crrn!, and licid (d bo potenligiintli'TH 
Mbri. TIiv tctni /uiUr nui iiKil pidbililjf ti> ubvisio ibe K*iidil of luppMing 
ih« flni Pope 10 hin bnn ■ mirrlfd luiii. Thli rbuin b jiria m gnlit 
biitth lEii] w.ih Kine tuiuliju b; Cwlnrt^hi Id hii Onlliury, A<: iii. k. 1. 


onxAT B&iTAnr. 

fli* njiirllii hottr ate. 
Aa<1 yol I naads inun oime ; but they 11 not pinifc 
niglit IDA with vnAiiwilotf^ pltcb nic i' Ihe mil*, 
Nor lod inc like • div-bnnd b tlio cinrk 
Out of my w»y, unloaa ho bid 'cm. — It. a. % 

ifmy Wira 0/ WinJior, iv. 1 

ElvMi BixAui, gobliiui oXl. mill little toiiTts. 

Mad Pratdi. otc. p. SS. 

Ort«t utora orBoblioi. blrlM, bupt njgbtmwfi 
ITrtfAi'fu. uid clvoi. to maiij • houM npaiOi 

Old Poim, 10 Bnnd, iL SH. 

Trip H IHttlo Hrvhiai nil. 

if aid' t AirCamofphorif. 

Bilping all iircAfit-AlaM and UMucJc Bign*. 
Tbtt tho shrewd moddling cite deliglits la aiaka. 


ITrchiii is a licdgehog. u* Stevens has juativ obm-rvoJ,* nai 
in these lines of T^his Aiidponicus (ii. 3.) 

A tboumul fiends, a tbounnd ttiosiug muiknw 
Ten thouBUid mulling totiit, u lanaj urcUwr, 

it probably haa tliia sense. Wo util! vaU the ethiniu mariitu* 
the Sea-urcliin. Still as we hare no aiitJogj, but rather the 
contmr)', for tnuisferrinff the name of nu luiininl to the 
elves, we feel inclined to look fur a different origin of the 
term as applied to these heiujp. The beet or mther only 
hvpothesis wo have met witht is that which finds it in the 
biliierto unexplained word Orew.a* in Bedwulf, wliioh may 
have been Orcfim*, and if as we have imp[>o!ied.t the Antclo* 
Saxons sometimes pronoune«d e before «and 1 in th« ItalUa 
manner, wo Bhoiila have, if needed, tho exact word. We 
would also notice the old German urkiiuU, which Orimni 
renders tianv*.^ 

We now come to the poctt. 

In Beowulf, an Anglo-Saxon poem, nipposed not to Im | 

* IIf drrirtt it rroDi Ihs Frrndi awiin, but llis Ang.<Ski. luma t4 lb* \ 
beJfihog it rpr^«n. 

t AlhcnBuin, Oct. 9. 1847. 
* HiatBrE(i|U(i<l,i.<78, HMCilil. | Utnl. Mj-ho). p. Ii» 




latpT thuQ the wveath century, we meet witb tbd foUoniog 

■• Bobcnu, uid Yttt, 
Anil OrcuiMB." 

The firet of tb«tt« words ia eridenUr the same as the lotunn 
or Giants of the northern mythology ; the sM-ond is u 
plainly ita Alfsr, and wr xurvly nmy be eieused for su^)- 
p».itng that the laxt mny ho the same aa ita Uuergnr. 

L&vanion, in ihi- Iwi-Ifth oeiitury, in his poetic piunphrase 
sf W'ace'* Brut,* thus expands that poet's brief notice of the 
birth of Arthur: — 

" Grtur eon nom I da an boDte 
Ad gnmt porulo puiit ecte." 


Sonii swn ho com on oortho, 
AlTcn hinc ivongcn. 
HoQ bi^olcD ttiAt child 
ICd g^dcrp (.with fltrongc. 
Hco Bncn hiui militu 
To bvon bnt xlrc cnilitoa. 
Huo terta him ui other thing 
Thnt he Booldr bron rich* king, 
ilcu ttrea him tliut ttinilde 
ThsthoMOldc ionicD tibWa. 
Hmi tvnn tbst Vin-bern 
Cu«t«n nrtthi gwle. 
That h« WM uiuiw-cuuli 
()f alle quik* iiiiinnaa. 
This tb« AlT«a him Mt 

So mm li? (nai« ua earth, 
Eircs recti Ted liim. 
TliH]' euchaul^d tint cliild 
With m>wi<^ iiioftt iitTviijj. 
TliGy eit'u I'i'ii u^Klit 
To W liin biiat uf iill kiiiglita. 
IliKy ^ve him auolhur tliiOK 
Tliit h« Dtiouid Iw u rich kin^ 
Tltcy Kuvu lilm lii» tliinl 
Thul he ihoiild long llvn. 
11t<iv K>ie to that iiugl; child 
V.rtum mort good. 

Tltllt ho U'U UIOA gODCtDUI 
Of Ojl UkOD A]ir«. 

Tbi* th> EItdb him gtra, 

TV. I9£M : MY. 

If w« havo made any discovery of importance in thr 
department of romantic literaturo, it ii our identiflcation of 
Ogier Ifl Dttjioiii with tho Eiiduic Helgi.t "Wt- have shown 
among other points of resemblance, that as the Norus were 
at the birth of the onn, so tho Fi'i?» wen at that of tho 
othiT. With tliiM circiunatance Luyaiuon vnu apparently 
•equated, and when he wished to transfer it to Arthur as 

* I^Ttmnn'i Brul, ftt^ bt Sir Frvdptick MvLdvb. 
^ Talft And PopiilMT Kicliacu, eh- iriii. W« da nol wondtr th&l Ihit thnulj 
hftTv cludod [tr^viom nhwrrtciDn, but it It rv^llj vtrpn^ing ihfti *■ tbould 
hfkir been (bo flr*l la dbvrr* lb# R4cnihliiricc b«iH«ii Anotlo'i Ia1« of 
OiforidM utd (ho LQEnxTiirlun' rtle of tbf TliiKuwid and Odc Ni^^ It i« 
ftlhi KErin^ ibat no onr< ihuiLld b>Tr noiirtd itio •imili/iv^ belwecn ^mii'« 
CvUiOD uid lb« talfl of 3a«kilb in *Li: 8hUi-ii^ch. 



the Noma wcro no longer known nnd tho F^* had not jtt 
ritwii into imptirtoDce, there cmly n^nuuned for him to 
employ the Elves, whici had not yet actjuired tiny dimeii- 
■ions. Honco thou we soe that the projfrcM tn* Noms, 
Eire*, Fitus, and thno last hsld tbcir pUca in the tubaequcnt 
Fairv tail-It of Ftsdcc and Italy. 

Thea^ I>otent Elves are atill superior to the popolar 
Fairie* which we lirrt met with in ChaHcrr. 

Tel Dolhitig in the pauMKrii in whii^h ho npualts of tlteui 
leada ti> tiie iiJi-WBa! of bl» eoiic^iving them to be of a dimi- 
nutive stature. Ilia notious. indeed, on the subject •erui 
very vague and uiucttlod -, and there is something like a cou- 
fusiou of the ElvM and Fairiea of Bomanw, as tM fbUoving 
puw^ea will tkiw: — 

The Wiib of Bathes Tale is ttvidently & Fairy tale. It 
Jius cotnmenecK : 

In oliW (iayf* of Uip kir\!( Artonr, 

or wliiidi Uiat ISn<tt>in oiwkRi gn)t bouollr. 

All w» Ibia loiiii fiiifilli'il erf f»*ri(. ;• 

Tll« Klf-^ll'-Ilp with li-rjiilir (iiuipucnie, 

Duiotxl ful oft ill Tiijuij a gn-Q^ mtMle. 

TliiH WM the oIeI opiimiu Aa 1 r«d0; 

I Rjiekc uf iiiaii; liundml fern ago. 

But now (3U1 iu> iiiui Me non clvte mo. 

For now LUu grcU cltUiHe and (flit^^TM 

Of litnitourea, and other boly frsrai. 

That Krchan evtxy land and vrcrj atranu^ 

Aa Uiikke ta molM hi (bs Hon^benK 

Bliaing hullo^ diiaitivM kiebwi*» Mid bonn^ 

QtocB aod bunbtft CMthi U^a, and (Mt«^ 

11iii>pts+ md bcm'v. Bhcpvnea and daiiM^ 

Ilia maluth that thvrc brn no foiriM ; 

For tb'iT m woat tu mlkao waa as all 

Ttiere «-.itkpUi now th* Uoitour blinaw( 

Id uuilvnticliXI uid in uiorwKiiDeM, 

And lailli Inn niatiiiw imd tii* holj thhigo^ 

Aa lid goUi in lus tintilulinun. 

WcrBiun iTiny h'iw pi niA-lj up and domi; 

In BTCf? liiwli mil iiniUf o-vory trco 

Thc« la none otlwr inculiua but ho. 

And ha no will don hero no diihonodr. 

■ Balb hor* ind IniKr dawn me would ukr/nsrv In lU fliM (FdW. 

+ Tli«fr, cSnjpj.ot Ajiys itnilUge, die tinniai. A/f/; Dplcbrf«>pj 

■ujctill flod ii in ilir naairi of ]>lur>.u Aliliui]ic 71oiT> oMon ftaqnaall; I 

nrajlao'i Hnlrnlblan : tt » ilw uh>I bi I1r>ilrn, Hind tnd FanlW, *• 1M& -I 

; t'lMlo^mtlo i, c ■•>J/m'''e t|> Al), aritiiDHl, afianiora. 



Tile Fairies llienfarc form a pmi of tho Ulu, luid the) are 
thus introduL-ed : 

Th« liay wis como tlint liomwud munt h» tnnit; 

AD<t ill liis wn; it liapp<^ him Id ride, 

In ajl hin or*, uiulcr a forc«t Mr, 

WherUH he mw u|tgD a dulled go 

Of Udiea Tuure uu<l iweiit]', »u(l yet iru : 

Tomnl Ihie iiku dttuea lie drow ful irarue, 

In hops that iie torn wiidoin shiildil Ivrut ; 

But oBrtAlnly. er he auat (iillii llioni. 

Tvuwtwd vu tliit danoc. ha n'i«to not wtier i 

No onUuM «Bw ho Oiat but lit, 

S»vo on th« gnase bn aw aitting ■ vif, 

A fouler wight thor msy no ouui doriaa. 

These ladicH bear a great rexemblaaoe to the EUe-maida o! 
ticaDdisaviA. We aeeA liardly uit'orni our redden thut thiit 
" faul wight " becomes the knight's deliverer from the imnii' 
neat danger he is in, aiid that, wheu he has Ireen foived to 
many her. she is changed into a beautiful yoimg nmidm. 
But who or what she wa§ the poet aayeth Dot. 

In tho l^Inri'hantcs Tale we tneot tho Fncrio attendant ou 
Pluto aiid Proserpina, their kiiii; Slid i^ueen, a sort of hleudiag 
of clasaic and Guthic mythologj- : 

t.,t to t«Il 

The be*titH> of the g^Lnlin, and Cliii well 
That «Umc] itiiilor a Imiisr alttay gran* ; 
F\il oftun (iTiw he Pliibi. nnd Ilia qaoao 
ProMqiina. luid i\He lur fiiCrM * 
Diii[>ortiin hem. uul lunkea iucIo4ia 
About that wall, and duuiicod. u caon told. 

Agsiu, in the muno Tale : 

And «o Ixifrl in thnt titiRht raonro tido, 
Tliut. in Ihi) mnliii. uo Ilia frrthar gid<% 
Pluttl, lliut in ihv kinic <>f KiiCri«, 
Aaii nuuiy a ladjv la hi* comjMgDiilw 
Folwing hin wir. ihe quena Pnaernhl^ 
Which that he raviadwd mit of EthnA, 
While that ibagadrad flootM In the uukIs, 
(In ClaudiBa y« niir th« atofy nde. 
Huw tbiit hire in bin eritclir tBrie h« fattf); 
Tbii kme of Fafirio adouxi him aetta 
Vjfua a bonchs of turvt^ frtsh and icnna. 

* Th<< la Ihe Ihird wiir nf Pairlt. In Iht nr>t piHafc 1( l> iaa'aihS 
vlwiher il be ihr •ci.-uud ur third kuh j hc Uiiuk llio litter 



In the conTeraation wUicli eneuM betvetm thme sognst 
[HTBonagei, great knowlcdgo of Scripture i» iHnplijcd ; »ad 
the queeo, epeaking ot' the "lapicut priuce," |nasionat«lf 


I aeU not of tit the TiUnio 

TiiJkt liu t}f woineu wmte a boterfiio ; 

I nin A wouiiLEi iii;dKa mmitc 1 jipek«, 

Or vwoll uiilo llitt time miu herlt bivke. 

Niiiiie might Buspeot a mystery in the queen'ii thua emphiu 
tii-tilly Ht)1iiig herst^lf a vrornnR, but ve lay no strc«a upou it, 
as Fairc Daino»eIl« Prrt^lote, the hen, who was cGi-t«iiily 
IfM entitlei! to it, iloes the siinic. 

In the Man of Ln«eB Tale the won! Elfe id emuloyed, but 
■hetber as equiTaleut to witch or fairy is doubtful. 

Tlih UltcD unka. tba queue dolivem] wm 
Of to Itanibfa > feniUldie crotuiic. 
That ill tltc canllfh non so luudj mi. 
T\M taj whllt (lorst« tlierviu iiudiire. 
The moUior wm an tl/t by Sivutui-e. 
T ooine, by chann6) or by sorccrie. 
AikI evuHi:)) tiuui liatctli hiie compagnie,* 

The Himc of Sir Thopw has bean idready coutddervd m 
heiongiDg to romance. 

It thua appears that the works of mnnncrc-paintJDf; 
Chaucer giTe veiy little iofonnatiou reiipi*ctiiig the popular 
belief is rairios of his day. Were it not for tlie aly salue of 
th« paiwage, we midit be apt to suspect that, like one who 
lireu away from the couinion people, he wm williag to 
represent the superstition as eitiuefc— " But now can ni> 
luan sec non cWes mo.'' The only trait that he gives really 
chanu'ti^ri.itic of the jupulnr clvce is their love of dnociiig. 

In the poetB tliat intervene between CIiau(»r and the 
Maiden Keign, we do not reoolleet to have noticed anything 
of imporlnnco resperting Tiurics, except tho employment, 
•Imuly adverted to, of that term, and that of Elves, by 

• Thii wife Mhjrh ii nf/Hi'nV, 
Of lucb a chililo dcljvurvl lb, 
KrD kiudt vliich •Uuw all atnia. 



transIntorB in rvadenug tlio Latio Ngmph^. Of ttio aui> 
of these beings, the passages in question give do Lofor- 

But in EUzsbetK's duyB, ** Pwries," aa Johnson obserfes, 
"were much in fashion ; comnioi) tnulition hod made them 
femilinr, and Spenser's portn hwl mude them great." A juNt 
ivmnrk, uo iluubt, though Johnson fell iiito the cuiiinion 
«rror of identifying Sneiiser's Fairies with the popuhtr ouc" 

The tlirce firet booba ol' the racr~ Oueene were published 
in 1&90, and, as Wnrton remnrka, i-airies hceame a fuiniliur 
aiid fushionable muehiiieiy with the poets and poetanlorH. 
Shakspeare, well aci^ijaijited, from the rural hnhits of his 
eoily life, with the notions of the pcnsnutry respecting thuM.* 
beings, and highly gifted with thii presvient power of geiiiun, 
M«' clearly how eapuble they were of bciug applied to the 
production of a species of tbo wonderful, iw plcnsiiig, i>r 
iHThnpa even more so, than the clnssic gods ; iind in the 
Uidaumnier- Night's Drcain he presented liieni iu combiuu- 
tion with the heroes and heroines of the mythic age nf 
Oreeoe. Uut what cannot the nis^c wand of genius rflcet i^ 
Wo view with undisturbed delijjiit the Elves of (iothic 
tnytfaolory sporting in the groves of Attictt, the legitimate 
haunts of Nyninha and Satyrs. 

Shakspeare, naring the Faerie Qiifciie before his eyes, 
ecemn to hnve nttcmpted a blending of the Elves of tba 
rillaKe with the Fava of rwmuiiee, Hia Fairies agree with 
the i'untier iu their diiuiuutive titature, — diiiiiuished, indeed, 
to dimensions iunpprccinblc by villnge gowips, — in their 
fondness tor dnacing, their love of dc-anliuess, and their 
chtld-nbetractiiig projieu^tties. Like the Fays, tliev form a 
eommimity, ruled over by the princclv Oberon ana tho itat 
Titania.* There is a coitrt and ehivsliy ; Oberon would 
have the queen's sweet chungeliug to be a " Knight of hiii 

■ Th« dcrinliap oT Oboron liu bcwa ilRnJjr iit«n (p. 30H). Tbe 8h*kit- 
prAmn (Dininrntiun hax^ nol dimighi III tu iaruim u> wkf the poei d«iig- 
Mifa ih« t'lirr-qimn. Tiunii. It, bnucvcr, (ihkiiU n« ■tlflkultj. ll wu 
tli< h*llrf of IhoH Hiiyi ihal tlie Fiirioi wrrn tlic Mmc u ihr duale Njinphii 
th« MlvniUnU nr Dkni : " Thii raunli kind i>r tprtili." mji Kb( Jaam, 
■* qohilk Iv tha (rnlili* vw> aXicA Diiua, tai fact mnitcilDi court, iiid 
unon(i»l nt rallrd llic Phatrii." Thr l'.iry-ni>«n hw ihpRfon Ihe Hiiir « 
ni*nk, whnm Ovid (Met. iU. 173) Mjiln TiUiiM : Ch>u(tr, m ■( b*i>t *mi 
(■111 hd Pnwrplnk 


omsAT vRrrAtr. 

traio to trace th« foreHt vritd," Likp entrttily monardis, fa« 
haa bu JMtvr, " tbo ahrowcl not) knnvJMh sprite, called Bobin 

Tlie luxuriant iinoffiu&tion or tlie poet seemed to «xult in 
pouriaj; forth its we&lth in the production of thew new 
M-toni on the mimic nccnc. nnd n profii^ilnn of nortic hnscciT 
«lwa_v» ftppt-ani in their train. Such luvely hdu truly Bntisn 
poptry cannot be too often brought to view ; we mil tbeie- 
fore inwrt in thin part of our work srirrnl of thcw gvm* of 
niir PamnoAiix, distinguishiug hv a (lilTrrt'>iit cbnrart«r such 
»eU and attributes as appear i>roperij' to belong to the Fairy 
of popular belief. 

»ot n.— *CK« I, 

Pudt mnl a AuVy 


Row DOW. (^orit ' wLilbiT muidn- jont 

Ov«r hill, ovrr dnlc 
norough bush. thotDOgli briar. 

Over prtrk. over |>a]Ot 

Tt^oroD^h Bowl, thonpiijtii Hra. 

1 do wa»lcr crcrr whrPfS 

Swifter tlian tlie mwHiC" "phwrn, 

And I «rvotlip Fiiitr ntii>«ii, 

To den lior orbs ugniii tlio grvau. 

Tb* oowKliM tall livr ponMoiun b* ; 

In th*lr (tolil eooli ipotii jou aoo. 

Thou 1x1 ruUMh hitf bToui^ 

In IboH fndJM liv* Owti mwKiatm. 
T muit go *cck icTTW d&w^drvpa hore, 
And haa^ n pearl in cTcr; couiilip's isjr.' 
Fkrawell. them !ob of ipinti t I'll )h> gDoe; 
Our qtirmi uid nil her etrn come hen tuoa. 

Piick. The kiuK duth keop hw roisla h«r* tcMiighL 
TtlM liMd tho quMu oanw not •riiliia liia sight ; 
Far Obvnm ii puBnit ("U ■">' umili, 
Bmumm tbM ahe, m har Ulviiiltuil. hath 
A b>ntlj boj ttolni tnta ta Indlnn king, — 
bha iWTei had lo owMt a changeling : 

* "Twu T thai led you thnniffi the paantn] mrtdM, 
Vt'lttn llin iifhl Knirin (latiwrl upon Ilia ftawor^ 

WuJun of Dr. DadfpoU, MOO. .SiHMU, 
Men ol Cuhim in tfait tgr, wwc «iil»gi. 


Aod jcoIouB Obcraa would liiiiv tho cliiU 
Knight of bin tnuQ, to tnoo Lho furoata wild ; 
But ihe. perforce, witliliulda ttiD IotikI bny. 
l^rDwiiii hiiD with flowi<nt, iind maJiM liiiii all borjof 
And now tlioy iw(«i lii*«t in ktvvo or Knwii. 
Bj rounUJn Mw, or iMngUtf Mu^liglit itiacfi. 
But tlwjr do i^uor* ; tW all tholr (Itm for fttf, 
Cnxtji into u-.ara rups. tad Uda tbooi Ihoro. 

FiU. Either I ukliUko jour ilupe tsd unkkin^ q<ut% 
Or olhi Tou luti that &Krcwd uid knaTiah sprite 
CjUl'il Itobiu ifood fvUow. Arc rou iiot ho 
Tiat/rigklt the naidnu nfthe rillatirry, 
Stlm4 wSlk, and t em tt imm taf'oun in U./ yiKra, 
Amd UiOUm »ab» thi irmlAIra hmrnvfifi M«m; , 

Aitd anptffim" mtbtiv fA' drink ra &<rir h4 6ann ; 
Mitfnilt nyjfft'ifUHiUrmit taui/Kiny ai Uirir Kamt 
nrar iSal UiA-yMi* aiU yaa, auk tetrt Pack. 
YoH -to Ouir leirit, and (Ary i/tall Aarc j^ikmI ludl, 
Ari> not you hal 

Paek. Thou aixnlmt aright. 

I am Umt irnvry wuidenr of tho Diicht. 
I ^<vt ta ObcpiD, and nrnkc him nnilo, 
ll^fli F a fat and bean^f^d ItorK hripliU% 
Nrighiny in liheniM Iff a JSUf-fiot ; 
Asd mnifltuuM lurh 1 1n k »o«p'> bowl, 
lu Tcrj Ukcnm of s rowtoJT enio , 
And wkcn lho drinlu, af^unit bar lira I botk 
And on her withorod dowlnp pour tli* ■!•■ 
Thu wutrt aunt. («lIiaR: th« nddstt taUi 
SometunoB for thrrefoot stool mialaJiaili im : 
Thto alip I &OU1 har InuD. — duwa lomlM ibl^ 
And lotlvr crioa, and &ll> tutu a cuukd ; 
And thou tha wholo quire hold tlieir hi|it and h)8kk 
And wairtii iu thatr O^rlli, alitl unnti and iwMr 
A tiiHrtiiT hour *ru aaTW wiwlwl ttirr*. 

The hauuta of the Fairies on e&rth ore the most rum] aad 
i-oDiftDtiu that can be selected. They inert 

Ob hUl, la daU, fotMl or taaaA. 
Bj pavail fountaiI^ or hj ruahy brook. 
Or on tha boaohad uaigent of tbo ■•*, 
To dance their rlnglota to tho wbiatliDg wind, 

Aad the plnce of Titnnin'ii rcpoto is 

A bonk wbcroon the wild tbjrtnB blowK 
Wborc oilipa and Uio noddiog riolet ero«*> 
Quite oieisatioptcd witb luib woodtiinak 
Witb iwcst tnuak-ra«M Mid wiU> e^lanll— . 


T1iM« ilcept Titanic some timo of the night 
Loll'd in U(M> flowon with danocii ond delimit ; 
And thara th« niiik* tlirowi h«T rauneU'd ma, 
Weed wide eoougii to wnp a furf in. 

The powen of the poet are exerted to the utmoct, to 
conn^ an idM of their minute diniensioaa ; and time, wiih 
llwm, tnorci on huy piiiioD*. " Come," crips the quc«n, 

Coma now. % raundal tnd ■ fairy ton^. 
Than tot tha Ihiril port of u inLniiL« heacc t 
8omo to lull r^ok^n in tbo muAk-rou budi ; 
■ Some WOT with rvor-mioe for ILoir Ica^Lcm winf^ 

To moke my aiuall aIto mit& 

And vhen cnaraoured of Bottom, >lie directu her EItm tbmt 
the\- should 

Hop in hia oalka and ounbol bbii ojca; 
FMd UiB with aptico^ and dcwLtMric^ 
Wltli pnTfila gnpc*. grtat 6gi. and mulbcmca. 

The ho&iy'Mga ataal from the LumblcbcH. 
Xnd fin Digfatlaper* crop their u'uon Chigb^ 
And tight them nt the 6crj Elour-woiia'a«](oa; 
To have my lore to bed. ana to Ekrito 
And pluck tho winRi ftum [>iun(ed buttarflici, 
To fun the mooD-biniiui frum his iiluupiD); ejcc 

Puck goe§ "swifter thnn nrrow frntn the Tartjir'i bow;*' 
he MV8, "he'll put n girdle roiuid ntmut the cnrth in fajtj 
minutes ;" wid '" We," says Oberou^ 

We the ^tolio am comptta bood, 
Swiftar tliwi the wiuideriug moon. 

They arc either not mortal, or tbeir date of life ia indeter* 
[iiiiiat^lf long; they are of a iiiitiir« superior to mau, ana 
epcnk with cont«mpt of bunion follies. By night they rerol 
beneath tlie light of the moon acid stunt, retiring at the 
approacb of " Aurora's harbingrr." • but not coiujiuJaivel; 
tilio ghost* and " damned apiritA." 

* And tho lelloK-iklilrd Pa;t* 
FIj tfwr tb« aighl-*t«il(, Iming their oiMn-lartd rum. 




Bui we 'psiyit OI>*ri>nl in- "(liriW of stofaer "Orl; 
1 witli the utoniirigV lav*! liiLtv oft turule «porU 
Aud like a fureator tbo ^ruvai luiiy trviid. 
Even till tlm oaatern gnte, ]tl] fiery red. 
Opening oa NcpUino wlUi fair blMMi) beuuB, 
Turn) into ftliovi gold bit sUt-grcou sCr«iuii& 

In the Merry Wivce of Wlnilsor, wc arc introducrd to 
mock -fairies, niodelleil, of uourse, ofler the real nnee, but with 
eucli additious aa the poet's fancy deemed itai-lf auUiurined 
\o udopt. 

Act rV., Scene IV., Mrs. Piige, after comnitmiuBtiiig to 
Mrs. Ford her phui of makini^ the fat knight disguise hmiael' 
M the ghost of Heme the hunter, ndds — ■ 

Han Pott"- my diuuclitpr, imd mj little kid, 
And thn>c ur four more of tlieir groirth. Re II draaa 
Like umbioK, ou|>!)C>i,* luid fairiM^ gre«ii anil «liit>k 
With roitnila of wuen tapora on their bowlH, 
And nttttsH iu tlieir huidtt. 

• « • ■ ft 

Ulan let them all encircle h™ nboat. 
And, fiary-litt. l-^pinfh-f tbo uiit^Ieim knigtit. 
And w liim whi- that hour of foii^ ravel 
In Uieir bo Hurml paths he dutw U> tnwt 


In iilinpo profuio. 

ytf Nui Hh&ll lie the qiieim of nil the TiiiriM^ 
Finely attjreH iu a n>htt of whiw. 

In Act v.. Scene y., the plot being all arranged, the Fauy 

* OiipA, Stiwwni MiDi|ilii«iiil7 Mill HI, Iu llic TeuUinlc lintunce, ii • 
hiij i If bj* Tpuloiilr h« mruii the UrrniAii, anit h« know of no otKcr* 'le 
in«»1y thoned hit IcDonDct^ Ouph it tha «iai« w va/ {(otmiwiy tptU aulf), 
»nd (t prctbAbl? to hr iirunomired in \ht imtae m«inor, ll ii foTDtrU freni f(/ 
hy lb« liiual rhmn^ fi I inLfi tk 

^ i~. f. Pinrh Kvi!rr]y. Tbo Anff-'^x. c^ j<Kia<d to a vtrb or ^tU 
■n»mn ta Uic tUrtuui Rt or trr- co-bjireiui It to break lo lHt<i?n, ^o-^|iirin 
trt drivp unndor, Kmltcr. Terbi of [bit kind occur in Ibe Viiian af Pim 
Plou£hm4n, ill Cbanccr ud <l*«vhcrA The }»M- it ofUo prtcedcd hj oU, iu 
tlie vnte oF llic OcTiD&n gam, quLtr, with Kbich wiiio iipoEftDll^ join Iho I0 
•■ ait-Ui mfUd iu Cuiuiii, SHU. iuiiTDil a( all t</-rufiaL Id UotJiof't Otid 
{f~ IS) HO lucct " Willi rugi^ci] Iicm! u uliiLe lu diiwii. Olid fiRDoaU all fe- 
(wn;" in JodjiM ti. J>3, -niul all lo-btait lilt tVuU." St* tlae ftciia 
Qumnc, It. T, tl i t. 8, 4, 13, 1 1 ; 9, 141. 



rout appCMii, headed br Sir IIn|!;)i, u a Sfttyr, by ancient 
PiMol u Hobgoblin, uid bj- Damn Quidtlj-. 

QoicL FkiriM blad:, gnf, ktmo. and Khitc. 
Ym mooMhiaa rm)ll«n toil &ail« uf niglil, 
Ymorphui haimof (Lx«>t dMtiny,' 
AlMndrour oBe* uiil jour qiulltj. 
Criw Hot^goblin. nuk* tb* bir; O-jw. 

Ma ravM, Ibft tout namca ! dlnuavTMiklij toj*' 
M«lcf, t» Witidwr AltDDcv* ibalt thou U^i ; 
Whenjira l^nnfind-tt vnnUrtI, awl AiarlAf untioifl. 
Then jwtrA [Ar nuiKJi w Mv <u (iTitrry ,- 
Oar radia"! furrn t<i&« ifvU an'f >fiiU(ry, 

/'ad. Ilii'}- .-iiv fuHw ( >•' 'AiU >f«tl* la tifn thall Jit, 
1 11 wink and cuucli i uu UL-iii tlirir wurkii miut ere. 

Pill. Whtra '« ]<i»l t — (lu }*»». luiil arlirrv jrou find ■ nudd 
Thai, vr* (ha Btsr]^ luu Uiri^w lii<r i>nT«n Bftid. 
HitM np Um OTiana at bar &nlMT. 
SiMp (£• M wuDd M oralaa laJW; : 
But tboM u ilcep and think not on Uialr ida& 
Fincb Umiu. armi. Irgn, b*t1u, ■houldcn, mdi», and itdu. 

^ic^ Abnut, Kbnut, 
S«iuvJi WiniUar <walc^ alTctk wilMn md out! 
Ai^v ^uhJ Jv(i. eiiv>A<*> <"> nvrif ucrnfnwtn. 

Thai it uiy lUnd till t&a ptrpatuol doom. 
In NaU aa wholcaaaw aa m alaM "tai fit; 
Worthy the owner, and Ihe owner it 
Tho KVpn] chain of order loulc juu ■omu' 
With iuico of balm and areiy iirocluua flowor; 
Baoh £ur inKialiiu-ni, ouati ana aannal oraal. 
With lorn) bliuuii vvennora ba blwil: 

And tUffhlty, irn adoa-foMit, loek, you ting, 

Uka to tha tinrtir'* HHUpoaik im a riiuj : 

ni an rmt u rt 'fiai it Aeon nvm Id iibt. 

Mart ferlilt-frah than ail thefitld (o •«,• 

Aod " llonj ooit qui niol y pi^oiio ' write. 

In QXurrriJd tuftn. noncrv^ purftlo^ bluCt aud wKlto; 

Like kiTmhiro, pivirlj iUid ric'it vmbrotdcry. 

Buckled iwloH- iaii kiii/lilliuiiile bunding knco : 

Fiirio* upo HiiMvrp (i>r lliyir rliiuiitt«rj. 

Awaj) — diepcrMi I — bill, liil *Lik oiib oVlock, 

Ourdancaof ouatoo^ round about tlie oak 

Of Hania Uia buntar. Ut na not tor^i. 

Hea. PnLj jnn, loi^k hand In boiiil. joursolvM in ordar WU 
And tweut; ciowvoiiiu tiiull our liuitiirua lie, 

* Aiyct a,\\ ihe tomw^nition hive wrilun, ihii liue ii itili aauijr unl^ 
UlllEiblo In III. Ii mkir nUu lo the lupiKwd orlgui et liu (»itie». fai 
trfJum, Wirhurton cenjwlurad imphm, frsm evpi. 


ENOL&SU 381 

To guido our moMuio round iibout tha treo ; 
Bat ■In]', 1 itiii«ll s Rinii of uiiddli- mrth.* 

He truiiHfonu mfi W n |ne«« nf cbiwte- 

i'ur. Tile wonn T thoit ttiikI o'erlookM oviin in Ihy birtlk 

Qiui^ Witb Iritiil Giu Uitii'li wu lib Iiiig«r<diil : 
If 1i« b» cliusW tliu Uaiiw will bd^ ileMciul, 
Anil ttini iiuu it> na fwm . Init if bci abut, 
It it. OiB Uoah of a c(imi{>teil hcoii. 

/•iit A inal, eomo- 

Era. Como. will ttiU wood tali« flmt 

PaL Oh. oh. oh ! 

Qvifir. Corrupt, oomipt, nnd Uiulwl in damn: 
About him, foiricflk sing a sooniful tinii! ; 
And, u you trip, Btill pmch hitii to yo>ir llniiv 

lu Roun-'o and JuliL-t tlie lively and gallant Mercutio 
nientions a iairy pcraonage, who hna siuce ntttiined to grent 
wlcbritj', nnd compMoly dethroned Tituniii, we meaii Queen 
Uab,* a diunc of credit and ri;nown in Fui-ry. 

* I dreamed a tlri-am to-night," says Borneo. 

" then," Hays Mercutio: — 

Uiwj, I WW QiiBm Mull hiitli be«n with yon. 
Shu ia till) fiuriiM' RiiilHife : uitd bIio mmucc. 
Id Hhnpu III) bigger tliiui ui ogtitoiftoiie 
On tha iettfiingfa tJ »a ftldnmuui. 
Ontwn with • team of little atoiolM^ 
0*er nun'a non« w they lie iwlcep : 
Her waggQiMipalEea made of lone (pinnen logi ; 
He oover, ct the win^ of gnuaboppera ; 
The bmca^ of tlio ■iiiollait ipider'E wob ; 
The OoUon of the maouibino'i wnloiy bcomi : 
Tier whip of crickct'i bane ; tho luah of Sim : 
Her UM^^Dtr. a nmull gniy contcl gtiat, 
Nut half so big na ■ ruuud littlo worm 

• Th* Aofls-SuDD (DiMn opTi or S»)il) ; and ia ll not abo plalnlf ih* 

t The oneinof U(b ia v«r7 nnarlila; lima; br a (ontnetiooof TTalniDdla, 
Mr Urlaw Momv. ' MiU." fft Vuh. oni of ih« Cfmiaii iniiiUton of 
Slnkj*|**iirr, ■■ i» Hul llie Kbif^-qarrn. »h* •aine with Tiiam*, a* lomr, miilrd 
hj the wnnl quftn. biv* lliuuijbl. Thai mofd in girl Kngliih, u in DiMih, 
driignaUra the friiiile trx." Its ml)thl ha*« adilid th* Aiij,-Hu. r^ii 
ociDian. wliMin both furtn itid fvnm. Tow It prThif* ri|ht a»<l tl/-qvrH 
n» ban btxD uwd in llis itnir maniifi ai iho Itwith AUt-fuim/i'. 
mUJxMU ttr tbf female Elf. Wr find l^avt (wii abon, p. Il)iuiii| /'uiry- 
fMena, aa a uaotlatioD for AynpAo. 


Priak'il &i>ia tlia luy ftnifur of * uuud . 
Hor cliiu-iijtiii wi Muplj haaal-uut. 
Uuile lijr tha joloor ■qnltvsl or old grub, 
Time out of iniad Ui« bm«' co4chmiiJurt. 
■ ■ * * • 

Thin IB thnt Tor; Hal/ 
That plai4 rl< nuUKt <if hortii >n rlit niglU ; 
A^ iaifi I'" d/-lwit iafrt^ iluiiitk hain. 
Which iTiKy v-nUinyUil, ftiuj-k viitfvtiun* ifittt. 
TfiU 14 tht hitifj* when iihxitit tie vn their int^a, 
Thia yrtaa UitPt. 

In au eiquiiiitei and well-known passa^ of the TeinpMt, 
higlier and more nwfiil powitrw nro nncnbcd to the Elves : 
lE*roiip(iro dcclafva tliiit by their aid he h»« "bodimmed the 
noon-lido nun;" called forth the wind* aud thunder; set 
ruaring war " 'twiit the green *va and the azured rault ;" 
ehakea pmmontoriuit, and pluekud up pines and ccdon. 
H« thus invokes them: — 

Td clns of hilli. bruulu, ttnii'liiiK likkcK uid grovcsif 
And je. tliat on tbo BUid> wrtli printloH bot 
Do chuo the cbbiiuc Kvpl'iiir. uid do fly him. 

When Lo KiHn'™ bin'k ; yiiu iiiniii-|pup[>fUi UinC 
ify jni?im*fiiitf li't Ou grrm-j'rur rin'jtftt pttikf, 
Wfimv/ the rwc ji'ithint ; riiu/ you whoar ptutitn* 
Is tu vuikf- uiiiintifh^mtt-Jiri}(nntt tliH^ r^oio* 
Tu benr ttm ituluiuii L'urfuw. 

The other dnunos of Shnkspearo Drescnt & fen- .more 
diaracteristic traits of the Pniries, vrliicli abould not b« 

Some m; Qui, onr 'mitut that tOMOD oantes 
Whonin our SaviuumbirthUcclcbnlcd. 

■ ii (V Niitit'DiBrt. ' Munit limt*," aiifi Oull ibo Utr, *■ I |rt on mta ind 
wimKni uiil •>> lie on thrir ilnmuhi. thai I nut* ibrxn grrti ytia ; lot iibieh 
Ihpy i*li Inn hy ihe nnmo of (!j4:|fii or Ni|ftil-mBf*,*' .Vrrry Pran^, ttc, n.42. 
t* Auivqua rl vcuti. uiuiilflHUD, «niiir>quv, lac ijtquv, 
DtqQfl mniKi apmontni, lUquc omDn n«iii, td^ii^, 

Oriil, MH. I.ili. IM. 
Ve tym ind wind*, j* tlrt* nf hill*, of biwki. of hwhIi, ilaar, 
0[ lUndlDg Itkn, and of ihs njghi — «|i[in»rli ye cicricti aae. 

flaMing KRUi U ha>e ntardfd, by clianc* or wilb knn*li>dti<, ifa« £)•«• m 
1 highlit ajitdei Ihan lh< FaiUft. MjtM by the 1>anl(JHl,S!iaki|iHrr iu*k«t 

ud rurifuiioa uf ctualc and Gotbit Dijlhologj'. 

ixoi.Axo. 388 

1%!* bint of (liivrving stn^h nil ni^t lung; 
Aud theu lli«y auir no epihc itna itir abroM ; 
The ni^lits urn wlioliwiouie; lb<u no p1iui(-t Btjikti^ 
Nafairg laioa,' do wit«li h«Ui powor lo charm, 
80 hallow'il antl w ifnHnuiu ia Uut Umo. 

J/anlil, Act L wv I. 

King Henry IV. wishes it could be prowd, 

7%iU rrrmr niyht-lrippinp fairy \ad rjrvAuN^nJ 
7n cra\iU clotha our childrtH tchffi tJiejf lay, 
Aud odlcd min^ — Porcj, his — Phmtogenel I 

The old •Uephord in tbe Winter'a Talc, when he fiiute 
Perdita, eiclaima, 

It wu told uio, I BhoiLd be rich, by th« fr^riei : thb to Mm* 

And when his sod t«llB him it it gold that ig within tlie 

" beBring-cioth," he aays, 

Tbil ia faiiy-goltl, b<>v. uid 'twill prove 10. Vr'd ar« luok]', boy, tud 
10 Ae to tliU rtqutrtM nothiiuf bui tecmy,^ 

In Cvmbeline, tlie innocent Imogen commitg hereelf to 
ikcp Vi-ith these words : — 

lb JOVr protection I Miinmit me. goiU t 
JhmJWria anif tAe tempten vflke ntgkl, 
Onard vu, hceeech ye I 

And when the two brothers see licr iu tb«r cave, cue 

CTiei — 

But tluit U ntt* our victukli^ I abould Uiink 
Hero were > ftiiy. 

* }Uib<i|;nirii> lien, iDiliikr. Id injuic. 

And LheiB ho hJuLB ihe tfv« ud bzlw the «i(Ie. 

Mrrm IFhrt of Windmr, tr, 4 
Theu bml u fruU Ihtl Irilh Uie IV»I ii uVeD. 

SunUT, /'«mui, p. 13, AU. «di(. 
la oar etd pooln' '^^ "^ ticnlfiei, to ^iw. 

f But nal ■ HDid of il, — *lii &trin' tRwaH. 

Wbkh bul nrolad bringi nil iba blihbrr'i n>ln. 

MuiiKOiLa, Palal Dowry, Aet if. N. .* 
A prJDn'i •KKM ui like li^i} fsmun, 
Wi)elt«>m« If ktpl, bat pofron if JiMSvvnd. 

Hanal Mati'i FdrtwM 


And thiukiu^ her to be doM\, Ouitlttriiu dedaroo — 

If ha b« goDO, ho It mnkc hb gniTo b bed ; 
Witb forniJo fiuriia will biB loiob bo biustadi 
And wonD* will nut c?oma to tliee. 

The MaTdM Motamorphoeis of Lvlie viae acted in IGOO, 
th« yeitr tlie oldest edition wc powpss of the Midmirnmef 
Nignt'e DroAin wan [irtitUMl. In Act IL of thin piee«, 
Mopso, Joculo, and Prisio are on the stage, and " Enter tlio 
Fairies singing &nd dancing." 

Ily Ibv luoon *D Hport and pla^t 
With tb* Dtght b«KUU our day ; 
Am wa daceo th* dew •Inth fdl-— 
Trip It. Uttlo unJilna oil, 
LigMljr u tho lltUo bee. 
Two Inr two, md tbrac by tliroo; 
And about go wo. and about go ««• 

Jo, What mawmati am Umc I 
Fru. O tboy he the bichu tbat haunt thaaa iroodk 
Jtfa^. O WD nhall bo pincltcd moul craelly I 
\$t Pai^ Will jou 1ia<v onv muBtc. eItI 
3il Aii. Will you haVD nlif&Iio miuiol 
Si£ /'ui. Mi»t damty inusiii F 

il/o}). Wc iDUat set a litco on ft now ; timro la no Oji"^ 
No, BIT, WD Tvr; much thank jou. 
lit fia, O but you bIibJI, >ir. 
^Vw. Vo, 1 pn; you. saio your labour. 
2d Fai. O, air I it ahall not ooat you ■ iwuny. 
Jo. Wlipn ba your (IddlvB I 

3^ All. You ahall baTo moat dainty Inalmitiont^ air ) 
Mop. I piay you, what might I coll you I 
iM Pai. My name ia Panay. 
Hep. I an> aorry I cannot puno you. 
Prii. I I'luv you. air. what mlshl I call you) 
id FoA. My name la Cricket 
Au. 1 would 1 were a cJilmDoy for your lakc. 
Jo. I prmryou. yoBi prclly lilllo follow, what 'a your 
Zd Fal. My Dnmc ii little Ultlc Prick. 
Ja, Little little Prick I O you are a dauKoroua fiuoria ' 
I oarn not whose hand 1 wera in, ao I werq out of joun 
Iff Fai. I do come about tha coppoii. 

Loafing uiion fluwDn^ toppM : 

Tkva I g*t li|H)ii 11 Ity, 

Sha mrrioa mo about th» aky. 

And trip uiJ £0. 

id FttL TPlm « daii^Inip thllcU down, 

And doth light u|M>(i luy «rowii. 

TheD I eltoku my liewl ui<l iikip, 

And about 1 Iriji. 
8rf fai. When I fwl it girl iiBle»p, 

lladcrnciitti lior I'njtk I p<>i-(>, 

Tln're lf> optirt, (uid tliiire I pl«y, 

ThcQ 1 bita bor Ilk* a Obo, 

Am] nbout I ikip. 
Jo. 1 Uiought TbCN I ihouU haio yon. 

itt /hi. Will '( plcuw jrou daoco. •* 1 
A. ^ Indeed, «ir, I (»iiticit hondlo ray Io01 
wJ Ail U till tTLiipfl hcc^Ib dnocc uid UQg, 

Wliiiji ifyou rufuiw lo do, 

Ve wiU jiiodi jvu block and bloo; 

And iboul WW i[o. 

They all lintit^ in a ring, and sing as foLoneth:— 

Round a1hiu^ roiind tbout, in > fine rin^ ^ 
Tbua we UaniH?, Uiuk we dauce. and thui wo mng %; 
Trill uid K», tu and fro, ov«r this jp'eea ■■ 
Alt about, in wid oul, fur our bnrv quMn h 

Round about, round about, in a fine rin|[ a. 
Thua we danoe, thiu wi dano*, and thua wa ang aj 
Trip tuid ^0. lo and fro, ovor Uiia Knwn a. 
All about, lu uiil out. for oiir brave quean & 

We luive dfuit'eit rmind about, in a fine riug ^ 
We hare iliuii;ed luxtilj, and tliu» wv sing a; 
All sboiil. ill uid out. uTvr tlii* iCRVii a, 
To uut fro, tri|> anil |[u, lo our bnnu quNn •■ 

The neit poet, ui point of time, who etnpioys the F&irie*. 
u wgrl.liv, loDg-siAiiitered, and tiiali );;[Led Ben JonaoD, ilia 
beautiful «nt<!rtaiiinii;nt of the Satyr wiuijin'iiimt<!ci in 160!t, 
to Annp, queen of Jainea I. and jirinfc> Mi-ury. at AlthorjH*, 
the BTiftt of Lonl Spenser, on tlieir way from I'Mioburgh to 
London. Ah iha qiiei-n nnd prin<rc trntcred tli<! park, u 
SatyreAme forth from a " little apiuet" or oopse, aud hftvinf; 
gazed the " Queen and the Prince in the face" with ftdmi- 
nition, ngnin retiri'd into the thi<:ki-t; then "tliore coate 
trippin); up tht- Inwn a licvy of Fturic^a att^uding on Biab, 
their queeii, who. falling; into an urtilieial ring, bogau to 
dance B roiutd nhilc their mutresa spako u .'bUuwuUi :" 



Mob. lUil uid 70100010, Bvrthint queen t 
2oj had never pcrTvet liccD. 
To tho QfTDphi tlwl haunt tliia grMfc 
Hud they not tliia rvpniiiit n«D. 
Kiiv Chfy print it ijn Out ■jvmuiii 
With titriTfirt, nj.3nTtt round; 
Hark* tlinl will tir rvKt fuund 
To tviii-'itilwr Ihm |[lul Itouiul. 

Tnut liur not, jou bflunlboll. 

Kin: "lU forlj Icajiui^ toll : 

I (lij know hur pcunki right w«IL 
JVoA. tiulj'r, wo muiit havo a ipell, 

For j«iir tonsuc it nuu too fleet 
£blL Not M ninbly u four feot. 

When about Iho cmun -bowli nrMi 

Toa and all ;our clTca do meet. 

(Art b maw Vf!pnv /-"li. a^'i minnf JUiim{^ wiiA (Af Pairitt, 
lle^ptd in, out, AM o^uE lArir n'n:{(, wJlill tf<|F moilc manf ^irw 
to tatcA Mm,) 

Thii w M-ih. Ikt mittntt Fairy, 

That dtilh nightiji nb ihi dairy ; 

And (an hurt or kelp Iht rhuminff 

At thi pieiUi, without diaccnkingv 
lit A)ll Fugn you will noon toko vomiog. 
8aL Shr thai pituha nmnrry wrtKha, 

if lAljl riA not rUnn iJirir fimchti, 

Altd, tcifh tharpfr TMjii, Trmrmhert 

Whtn thrji vikv nni nji Ihfirembmi 

Bui i/ti-iiry duTHd ta fratt Ker, 

In a iAh phe dropt a tgttfr, 
M PaL Phiill »<■ "trill ""' "kippmg j»t«rl 
Alt JAu 14 ihf ihiil naplitt cniilUt, 

Talut ml ehUilrnt, pvli in liuUa ; 

l^mbu forth nxidwivCA Iti tf^air «tumber, 

WlUi k lioTO tliQ hoktt \o Riiiuber, 

And then loadx thcin fniiii licr burrom, 

BofDc tbiDUfb pondi anil w-.itiir-ruiTOWK* 
M M, Sbkll not nil ttiiii mockinu f.Ut uaT 
&W. She con 11011 our Fninklin'n daughUri 

In hor ilccp vitb ahoutii uid Uughtort ; 

And on BWrct St, Anuag t njoht 

F««d Uicm witli a promiud Bight. 

* Wt do not ncolWl htTlni mpl wtlh %fj leeaml of tUt pmk ; bal 

Jsnmn ii niiiiJl)' w (grrrri, Ihtl n nuij bo cortain it ma ■ pan of tbo 

pvpultf brtiKf. 

+ Whillej "M «rl»in1r righl In pnipo«!)]| lo isd Apir*. Tlii't o»r«m«Bj 
la, n* bilien, itlU pnciiMd In Ibc nortb if Eo|Itud va St. Kpm' oifbl. 

Somo of hiubaiUli. noino of Iotmi^ 

Thtch ta empty dmuu diACOTcr^ 

IM Pai. StttjT, TCDgmnn noar jou hoven. 

At lenf^th Mab ia provoked, and sli« cries out. 



Fttiriiw, iiincli him blkclc and bluo. 
Kow ynu biv« liiiu mnko liim ru« 
hold, tuUlnuH Uub, I luo t 

Mab, wliMi nbnut to retire, bestowB a jewel oq the Quol-h, 
uiiii cuudtidca trJth, 

li'Urr »»(, tM yoM imjilcr^ 

Aud »h«npVL-r you m^tore 
VouTEsfllf to 111 yuu khbll li«ve morv- 
Bigheit, Iuip|iiial •^uiHtii. fnrewell. 
But. boware you du not tell. 

The Bpleudid Masquf of Oberon, presented in 1610, 
ntroduoes tbi- Fiiys iu union n-itb tbo nntyre, Sjlvan*. sod 
lie rural deities of clsssjc luilii^uitj ; but the I a,y is here, 
M one of them snys, not 

Tha cciana uid coimlry (lufy, 

Tlml doth liauat the hcanh and dury) 

it in Oberon, the prince of Faiiy-laod, who, at the crowing 
of the cock, advances in n ninmiliccul clmriol drawn hy 
white lean, attended by Kuigtila iiuil FayM. Aa tlit- car 
adrancra, the Satyrs begin to leap And Jump, and a Sylvan 
thus speaks : — 

Give pluo^ and cilonoe ; you wen ruda too kte— 

This u ■ night of f^ttntnvi^H and uf Bbile ; 

Mot lo b« iiiiinl wiUi ii^-ht and tUppiins opott — 

A niglit of lionugu to U'u Uritith coiir^ 

And coreiDony due to Arthur's choir. 

Prom our bn^t loaator, ObcroD tha Fair, 

Who with tliMs knight*. nttondanU hora pr«»mc4 

In Tairy-lalul, for good liicy have dtmncd 

or yond' blgli tliroiK', arr louio of ri^ht to pay 

Their aaniui Toin^ and all their glorioa lay 


Aaothnr SvItad mj*, 

Suod forth, bci^t Ausi tad «l<rcK Mul tone foar ky 
DMo Ui anno i thou lot four iu«bto IM 
nwd nMB« ciTDli^ thmt Duj aN^B BMat 
Ib point to biBL 

la tho Sftd Shepherd, Aiken Mp, 

Ttiar* In tha nodu of (mm wblM &7i* do it«>i^ 
And apio-lou oItoii timt duiioa ■boutk fOti, 
With oaeb ft fittlo chmgding in tMr Mm I 

Th« MaMiito of Lon) BcatortKl procnts u« " Bobia Qood- 
fnllnv, he llint Hweepa the IieArth and t)i« house cImb, j 
ritldJiM for the country iiinids. and does all tlieir oUmt I 
drudgvnr, while thi^ orn ut bot-cocklw," uid ho app«ara 
thwefore wjlh hia broom aiid his eaiUet, 

In Fletchor'a I'aithful ShophcrdcH we read of 

A virtuoiui wsli, about irhoaii flomiT hmika 
Till* iuDibl»foot«d EwriM lUno* Uwir rounds 
Ihr Uio im1« inooiuhiiM ; dipping «n«ntiiuw 
lleir ktijlHii chQdran, ao (o nuke them ti«« 
From djui); Bfah knd dull laorUli^. 

And in tlio Little French Lnwyer fiii. 1), on* «r«, 

" I lioui 

miui afraid of ] 

h'l Psttond of Aiiwnt» 

vii»h bov," eaUed Durvlt 


Obcron, king of t'nity. In Act i., Scene 3, Jocastun' 
brolber, Mopiu*, " a fooliiih augur," thua addnr-^sca bin) : — 

JVop. Jocaitun. I loTc Tbcatflk klMmliublr, 
TVia mouiii o! m; nlTootion nator* at her. 

/«. Bo viry. Aoptaa, Uun of mo to wtim 
nta BOtUIi : ohooK ft b«t>«r nntch : go lovo 
Soma birj lady I i'riiioalj Oberou 
Sh^ atanil tlijr faiood. ftinl Ixmilooiu Mib, Us quNn, 
Oiva tliM ft sMid «f houour. 

abiliHTiMn giva dUIcnnt coloon Is tb« ViMu; tsJ ta toaMpUeafti 
•UU (bought l« be while. See p. 30C. 

walk like Kobin Ooudfellow all the iiouwi orer, and even 
In BandolpVa Psttond of Aiiwnt», or the Inmoasible 

t Dowry, a " kuaviah bov," eaUed Durvliu, makes a fool of a 
" lantaslique aheapher^" Jocaatu^ by pretendicig to be 
Obcro " * ■■ " " 

• ab. 



JTap. Bm, JocMtwt 

UATTy ■ puppet 1 Wed n mote i* iha ran 1 
Od look a wife m autsLcllj i Woo a sctuit, 
Tbat'> nothing bill a voice 1 Ho, no. Jooutu^ 
I muat tinve flash uid blood, uid will luie Tlivttjli* 
A fig for AiiriOH f 


ThestjliB enters, aoA while she end Mopeua wnTMiw^ 
JocAstua rauaes. At lengtb he exclauna, 


/a. It CHimot choose but itmneoly ploOM his hi^hue 
nc Wlint %re fou itiidyiiig of JututuB, ha t 
Jo- A niTV) dcvire ; a itiA^tip to entertwn 
UU Qruoe of P^tiry with. 
flit. Ammiael Wliat bit 

^0. An ontl'Eua&que of Hooa, wblch I bivo taught 
To dkOfw cumuitoB ou q apidcr a thrauL 


And tboQ & jig of piaminia 

Snier Donrus. Hi nlom Hunn^ am4 Am 

Dur. hike honltli uiilo lbi> pmidant of tlis }igt 
I bopc King Uberon lUid bin juyidl Usb 
Am well. 

Jo, Tbey arc. 1 itrvcr bhw tbclrOnwca 

Kot tucb ■ mco] before 

Dijr. E'ca much good do 't Uwm I 

Jb. The; '» rid a hunting. 

Dor. Han or deor, mj lord 1 

/«. Nwthtr. A bnm of maila of tha tint liivd. 

A«r L— ^iBBt. 

/& Ii >t Dot > hrtTc ■igbt> Dorytaa T Oui the martab 

iXir. Vfrily tliny cuinot. 

Jo. Doonot KingObaniabiwr antalolypraeooal 
Hub ii B bcuitooui fanpTMK 

Air. Tet yon kiattd bar 

With admirable eourtstiTp. 

Jo. I do think 

Tliani will bo of Jonatun' broud in Fkirr- 

* ■ ■ • • 

2V. But what artatoihaU htuauraupon mal 

■ I 


Jo. k roj^I jointure >ll in Ttirj UniL 
• • • a 

D0I7I1M kllOWB it. 

A mirioiui park— 

Jhrr. PalKtl rauQil about irith pidiUetli. 

Jo. Bonlilea a houu nuide alt at motlur^-pMlL 
An ijOTj Ua\B.»^oaTi. 

Dor. A nutmeg jorlonr. 

/& A Bppliite durjT'room. 

Air. A pngor halL 

Jt, Quunben of ig>l«. 

i>7r. Kitoheus (11 01 <Tjal*L 

jn. U ulmiixtile ! Tbii it la for ecrUia. 

Jo, I'liu jut'kH ikr« ^■i>IiL 

Dst. Tlie Hpita ore Siauiisb neeilleH. 

Ja. Than tbore be wnUu — 

i)0r. Of unbcr. 

It. Curioiuoreliarda — 

Att. thilt bMT n wall in irintor u in Bummer. 

Jo. "BoTd mU, tlie fiab'pomli. cniy potid ii full — 

A>r. OfncoUtf. Will tlib iilowa j'ou! Erciy grora 
Stored witli U>i%liirul binla. 

Act ol — SonnS. 

Ihrifiiu ityi, 

iliTB ti 3.>ai»l\iii orrlmn! I Dninty BpplM, 

How iovtly Ihej' Itiilt I Wlij Iliow Rre Dorylo*' vwMtmcate 

Novr iiiimt I l>u Uie {jriEiOtilj ObtirciUi 

AiiO iii a riiyihl liumunr wiLb tbo rvat 

or ii)y]U fiuho* lUtcuiliuit. gc> in sUto 

To nib an orcluinl 1 Imvo liid u; roba 

On purpoM in a hallow trccL 

Act m.— Scwnt I. 

Dtrr^ai wilK a btry </ Air 
Otr. How likn j ou now, nvf Qnu* t Is not mj countcnMWt 

Mc^aikiid full or'iui^a^l W^k not I 
IJk* tlie young prluco of pjgnur* i Ha, my 
We'll IIU our jKickot*. l«ok. loak yondor, dIvm; 
Would oiit jon npplcB tooifil a LiotUr lonscicnoo 
Thftn any «c liaiu. to rxib aa orchArd ! II4 1 
Funoiw uka nymuljii ivitli child, miut hare Iha tlunga 
They loujc for. Voii «iiig hen > bit7 citidi 
la tbnt nl/uii^ louj^ie I taught you, kIiIIo ounclf 
Vk> Tliiiili UiH tii<ea Thus piineilj OUtTOU 
A«Geiid« hii thiono of lUti^ 




thti. Sot beaU. Fiuni ))ral«^ 

Qiiibu) Hon mt ma^s idoIm, 
Qii]«riivi« Luuun iiicolunui^ 
Hurtiul JO<p« frwituiutAiQuit. 

Purto citncta m*gis bolU, 
VVirto dittdor inii<llii. 
Tmto omnin ilpcom, 
nirto poena duldonk 

Qua moita]<8 locto jncmti 

yol>i« pOIIIIl Tiootu [llaMUti 

Iltii i;uui?ii niiiit iugnta 
Nixi fiirbi laal. panlA. 


JocMtUB nud his man Broroius coino upon the Elves nliilo 
phlDdcnng tho orchard ; ihiy Intter u for employing liii 
cudgel on the ooi'aaiou, but JocuhIu-i is overwhelini-a by Iho 
coudcacenaioii of the pnocelj Oberon in coming to hia 
orehord, when 

Bit Once hod orchtknla of liia owd mora proclonii 
Than miirtulii oin Unvii utj. 

The EItob, by his master's permission, pinch Broaiiti>, 

Quoniiini por to TJolaniur, 
UniiUBa bio exjinriuiiuri 
Eutim liUvt tibi lUbuu 
Cutein Tklda •miotaxa. 

Finally, when the oout is clear, Oberon cries. 

So wo vo got oliiaii olt; como, Qobl? poi-n 
Of Paify. voxnc. Utcad our mynl Cira^. 
Let 'a go iikI ihare our fruit wiUi our uuMu Hub 
Ajid tlid otiicr cbir^-muda ; wttan of IaIs tbcino 
We will diacoune uoldiit ear cakoa and etCMa, 

Oam lot poina Imlwamiu. 
Trluiupboa licli jam cocamusi 
Fuiuot og^ crciiiim ortoi, 
Twitutn «t (requrntcut kortOK 

I domum, Obsron. ad illoa. 
Qiuc DOS maaent nunix anoUlafc 
Quiu-uin otmleiDur aiiium. 
In EM pom* lao et rinunb 



In tlie old play of Fuimiin Trees ore the following Uimm :* 

Fninrni mtuill, 
Two fool tail. 
With c*p« red 
On thoir hcod, 
Duuc ucuud 
On tho gnuml 

The paetoral poets also eiiniloyed the Fairy Mythology. 
Ilnd tlnjT used it ciclusively, giiing up tho Nrmphu, Bntym, 
nnii all tim ninl rout iif niitiqiiitT, nnd joiurd with it tiuth- 
ful pictureB of the »oeuery Eiigliuid then presented, with 
just dcliDeatiODfl of tlio manners and clitiractrr nf thn 
piMuantry, thi? ptutoral portry of that ngr would have been 
as unrivalled m ils ilramn. Itut a ^lud sdmiratioa of 
r1afi»ic models, aod a fondness for allegory, were the beset* 
ling iiins of the poets. U'hcy have, however, left a fi-n- goma 
iu tliis way. 

Dritaniiu's Faatorala furuuh the foUowiDg paseage*:t 

Natr to thin wood Uihtv lay ■ plemuit mcaiL 

ViMra biiriM otloa did ttrnir mMmutx Iroul. 

Wblch In ttia mudow* rniul» *ucli cin-toi greoi. 

An If with gwlanitii Ic had crowuad bcnn ; 

Or Uko tho drf la whcra th(^ (ign* m track. 

And Icomod •liCjilicrdu ad\ 't Ibo Zodiac ; 

Withm one of tli«Lo roundj wu to bo koh 

A hillock ribc, where oft the fury-quccn 

At twihti'it mto.iuid did oommniid hor otrm 

Ti.1 piiiFh liiuc* naiilii Chat hod not (wvpt tboirshaliMt 

AiKl, furlUpr, if. lij miudon'* oivmiglil. 

Within dixini water wu not brought ut Digjtit. 

Or If thay Kiirvud no Mle, sat no bread, 

Tha; liiaiiM hw* nipn from (oa unu the head : 

And for tlio iiiuhI who liul perfonn'd tUlit Ot'jC^ 

BUc In tha waUr-LUil bodw uia*o a riag. 

Or of tbo fdoiy Iroop which Dimbl; pl^. 
And by the uprinra Jnnco out tlic nmiDier'* dtj, 
Ttaching tha little binla to build their nMla, 
And ill uieir liagtitg how to kecpen r«nt«. 


• Act I. H. S. DodtUyi Old Thyu >ii. p- 894- *« I""*" "^ ■• *•" 
Bnl nollce »■ hi** niri of the nd t»(» uf llit tuiriot. 

f Brawn, their luthor, nu > iiitlvt uf ))itvdd, th* Pii7 n^a -. hmn lh«|( 
■mrdinn with the Plij Icgrndi i^tra tbove. 

A» mta hj (aaim led Jklt«a m * drMm. 



In biB Shepherd's Hpe, alao, Broim thus speakt of tb« 
Fairies : — 

Huijr timm bo hath bvim kdq 

With the fijrica «□ the Hrvca. 

And to tbeu hia pip« did iKiund 

Wliile tbo]' duoce'l in a round. 

Uiclcle DuliLoe Ihey wdmIiI taakt hrnit 

And at uilihught ntWu wukii hitu 

Aiid conitfj liim from liia rouiu 

To a field <if yellow-liiooai ; 

Or into ttio meadows where 

Mint* perfume the gentle oJr, 

And where Flora iprcoda her tiroauro ; 

Thcro they mnild begin their mcaiuro. 

If it ohnneed night's ubio shnnidi 

Uiifflod Cynthin up in olumlo, 

Safoljr buui« tlicy tli<n woulii tee him, 

And from bniitQ a-ad qiJii^iTi inw frM biin. 

But Dravton is the poet after Shakespeaiv for whom th» 
rairies Lad the greatest attractioDB. £veii in the Potrol- 
bion he does not neglect them. In Song »»i., Eingihile, 
in CanibridgesHire, says. 

Fur in my rery niidtl Ib^re a ■ twelliug gnnmd 
About whjiih Cvieii' iiyuiiiUf dflfLOfl ujuiiT ii wuitou n>uud ; 
The fnnLiiig Snity Ib^re, u ou thtf li^lit 4ur home. 
Uft ruD at barlvy-tireikk ii|iOu tlie eun of corn ; 
Aud taUhinu (ln>m of iluw in Uieir UuciviouA chMM. 
Do out Iho uquid pe^ri ia one auolher'i fkcca. 

And in Song iv., bo hod spoken of 

Tbo fcacta thnt nndoT^rouiul th« blhy did him lArthur) make. 
And then bow he eiijoyed th« Ijkdy of the Lake 

Nymphitlia ia a deliuiouH pieee of airy and fanciful invvn- 
tioa. The descTiptiou uf Oberon'a paUce in the air, Mab'a 
amoun with the gentto i^gniRgin, the ma^l frcnks of thi< 
jiMiloiiN Obt^ron, tbo pygmy Orlando, tbo uiulual artiRcea of 
Puck knd the Fiii^- maida of honour. Hop, Mop. i*ip, Triji, 
and Co., and the furiotu combat of Obcron and tbe doughcv 




Figwiniii, mounted on their mtuix cliarf:;«Ts — pivacnt 
DHqgsuMT sn udg4{im11^ ^ney-pie<», sot iu tho veiy but 
and mo«t Kpprapriiite frame of mi'tro. 

It mnUinB. moreover, aeveral tnuU of traditJoniLiy Fairj 
lorv, *uch a» in the«o Hnoii — 

llonw ihiulon. nccmlniT iiUa ■litpm 

Of litilo fnmkia^ cItcs vid Jkpo^ 

To flutli do tauc tbcir wuiloo ikftpot 

At bope of pHtiino hattm thorn : 
Whicli muda ihiak on tlio hearth the; tea, 
Wh«i Gra* wcEl near ooiuuinod be, 
Tb«« Aadnc haji by two *nd Ihrci^ 

JiulM tb^Imoy euta them.' 

1%«M moke OUT girl* Uioir »)uttci7 rna, 
Vj pinching Iheai liolh Uai'k and blul^ 
And pat a ptinnf In Ihelr *hiM. 

The honae tor claanlj KHoapin^ ; 
And in tbab-cmintemiko thatronnd. 
In naadow* and in UMabMftiiind. 
Of Ibem ao call'd tbo fahy grouDd, 

Of irhidi ihtj baTO tha kecpbig. 

Thou, whan achildhapatobogOi^ 
That ifler proTea an idiot, 
Uliaarolk pciccivo it thriTcCh not, 

Tho fhult ihei-cin to amolhor, 
Soma ull;. doatiu^, braialuis alt. 
That luidnalaiida thjofii by th« bait 
Skt* tiiU tb« rury Ipft tliU aulf, 

And toiA away tin othev. 

And in tliew :— 

SeOTM Mt on shore but tbarowitllill 
He mntelh Puck, whom moM mrn call 
HobKohlin, and on htm doth litU 

With vanla from frvniy apokon i 
" Ho I ho t " quoth Puck. " Ood wto four Onoa t 
Who drait you in this pitooua rawT 
H* thux thHt i!i>oited my MvareiKa'a &Mv 

I woul<i hia iiMik wore bnkan. 

* ThiB ii pcrhajii tba dancing on Ihfi hruch af the ^ury'la^ifa to wh^ch 
Millctn allhtlM: vp itrnTn, p. 42- " DulH ti'il ll^p warni vral of an Ebfliik* 
m4n'k doYDlinri mAltc iZirrn nm^iUm mnd ilt^fnn:! iSn tori^ hnrlh u th* Mno- 
(iiarj apj ^hirT place uf midf^uco of Ihi? tuUiixy Ijuv* and liontehold fndl^ 
•n<l itia onlj' conn whew Ihr tady-farriit eanvntt to danct ond r«rff~— 
randoKkal Awraon^ <t«. Idttt, qndicd Ly UrmJ, II. p. SUt. 

BVOLjUtD. 846 

Tbia Fiicli teemi but i> ilrMmicg dalL 

Still mtluDg likif 1 ngKCil colt. 
And oft out of n bunh Aol^h bolt. 

Of purpose to dcf^ciro ua; 
And londjOK us. inakoii ua lo stray 
Lung wiiilur niithti <)nt of the »«r ; 
Ali<] wTiciTi wc Qtick ill Hiiro Ancl olity, 

He dotb wTtli liiiij^blrr loiviQ tiiv 

In his Poot'fl Elysium tbere is some beautiful Fntry 
poetry, wliich we do not re«llrct to hnve seen noticed finy 
«Awe. Thia work is divided into ten Njinphala, or pastiiral 
dinlojfues. The Poet's Elvsiuin is. we are told, n paruliso 
lipoii corth, inboliited by Poets, Nj-Ttiphe, and the Muses. 

Tlie poetV pimiliw tlii* i». 
To wbicli bill {fw i^ii i^nm*^ 
TliH MiiMw'fiiilT iHiwuroIbliw^ 
Tiiuif door Elyiilum. 

In the eighth Nympbal, 

A nymph In morriod to a br, 
Qro*t praponitioD^ for tbo day. 
All rtlcfl of miptinln t\itj nwitc yOQ 

To tho bridal, uid iutito yuu. 

The dinloguc commences between the njtnphs MertOk 
uid Claia:^ 

M. But Kill our Tils wed thia fi^l 
C. Vm, uid to-BiorroiT i* tbp di^. 
M- Biit »by kIiwiU liin binlow hirwlf 

tU|)OU tlua ilHarliHb fiiirj o!f T 
C. Wliy, bj hor iiiual!u«», you may GiiJ 
That aba la of the fairy kind ; 
And tbcrafon apt to ohoooc her mako 
WlwDW aha did her bc^iinioK take; 
BnddM ha 'a doft and vondroua tnij. 
And a[ tba ooblwc ut tlia lUijt* 

■ Tha raadcr will oWrrs ttnl th« lUinl unie of fairr l< (he m»t unial 
ana In Dnylan. It mrvn In ill nvonil kom 1*0 lino furlkci on, twin la 
Kymphiilit, and in ilic fulluning piMigr of M' iliinl tklugur. 
Par lrvi^«i C'oljii (SjwnH^r) lijt liti fiJKt to gi^i 
And i» (o Puyrif gtfine a jiilgrtim^, 
Tb« man out miiui. 


ChUr of tho Crkkoli^* of much Amt, 
III FU17 • moat mcloDt Dbmo. 

TKe nymphii now pnifleed to dpumbo tho bridal army of 
Tita: her jexk'elii are U be dew-dropii ; li«r liead-di«M ihtt 
*' )vUoT8 in the full-blown rase ;" her gown 

Of pmiiy, pink, and primToie Icaxa^ 

Most cnHoiul; Uid od in tlumTM ; 

her train the " oaat elougb of a make ;" her cnnopjr com- 
po«od of " iDOont from tbe peacock'* tail," and " fvothun from 
tho pheaaant'a bvad ;" 

tttx'tl vitb tbo plume (of bo high prioo). 
Th« pnxnoiu bird of puidiBo ; 

ud it shall bo 

Bome o'er oar h«ad (b^ our inqnitT) 
B; elt^ tbo fitUnt of the fiu>7- 

Her buskina of the "<iftintv ahel!" of thft ladv-cnw. The 

musiciacs are to he the uigUtlDgde, lurk, thrutili, and other 
■ongston of the grove. 

But for itUI oxide, we will kaop 
Tlio wrcD Dii'l titmooM, whtoh ti> dMp 
Shall nini; the brido whea tbo^ kloil^ 
Tli« nHt into thoir chambons gon« ; 
Aiul liLo thuw u])0D ropa thu mlk 
On goiMiRiar frOTn nUlk to tUlk. 
Tlie thpiiiiig fiiiry tri(&a shall pl^T 
Tlie evening of tho wadding daj. 

Finally, the bride-bed is to be of roees ; the curtains, tester, 

and all. of the "ilower iin pt-rial ;" the fruigo liiuig witi 
harebcllB; the piUowa of lilifis, "with dowa atufl of the 

For our Tita » to-d», 
T» bo muried to a uj. 

* Mr. Chilmen doe* not Hrm lo h4VB known itiit ths CrlekeU hut 
taiSij of Dole lo Fiirj. Bhakijmra (.Mftry Wira iff Ifinrfmr) mendoiu 1 
Viiiy Duncd Critkal ; uid uo hint of Shtkipnra'i iru loal upon DnjUa, 



In Nymphal iii., 


The fiiiriw atv hn[iping, 
Tlie hiuhU flowers tTopptb^ 
Anil with dew drt>])|fLDg, 
Skip tborow the gruivta. 

At bnrUy-broiils thoy ploy 
Morrily ill ttie liay : 
Al night thcmsclvn they l>y 
Upon tbe w>H Icaviin 

And id Nyrophal vi. the forester mjtb, 

Tlie diyiulu, huintdnuls. tlie salynt. uid llie fiiwiu. 
on [liny nl liidc-ond ecek before tne on tlie tuwna ; 
Thv friiking flury oft, when homcil Cyntliin ehiiica, 
Ilaforo me an I wsJk dance yruaXoa mauuiUmeB. 

Hcrrick is generally regiirdedaB the F Airy-poet, par t.ccel- 
Imce; but, in our opinion, without suilicient reason, for 
Drayton's Fniry pieces are rouch superior to his. Indeed 
Kerrick's Fairy- poetiy is by no meuQs his beat; tind w 
doubt if he huB unytliiug to cjceed in that way, or purhaps 
t'quul, the light sud fanciful King Oboron's Apparel of 

Milton ditidulnud nut to hIuk 

How fitdry Ma)i tho junketi oat. 
Site WM ]-incli'd imil |iuU'd. die i^; 
Aud bo, by /rtar'j lantern Icci.t 
T«llt how the dnid^uE Goblin nrwt 
To OKU hit ertnn ton* duly nt, 
VThen iu one nisbt, ero KliinTaw of iDOrn, 
I]lsiihs<luwy tUil liutii tlimtiril Uio cuni 

r * In Uie MtnaniiD Deliriv. 

I + Ttiii li 1 pklMkle mtilskc of the (luei'i. Th< Vtiu (•£« tlion, p 391) 

* ihf? »lvbriirJ Vt\u Kutli. wlio Liunicil lioutn, aoi Atldi, vA ««■ ucirr 
(lie ttntt Hllli J«fli-o'.tli«'[Aiilhi>ni. li «u prvbcUj Ibv n^inr Ruih, wfalrh 
(unrMlfil Tvtldi'jhl. ihki «UKd Milinn'i mot. H* ii ibi Dilirln Itauich of 
G^nc^anj, Ihri IttoiiFr Rimi* vf Drnmnrk. Hit r>Ainp !■ vilhrr at GhinD> 
thmkn.m/ilif^firiu Wa|r(Vtth BnidHiar fUiiH-tirn, p. tivi]i.)d0vtaif/rMUimn<w, 
Airr nid wiir^l, mu*e. Sir Wslur Srott in « nalv on MantiiDn.tiyf d>e " FHv 
Kuib. oiiuf WiU-i>'-ilir*WafK lis mu tlu i ihrl of Raliig Ooedfelle* uid 
Jif4^,'-Ijftilioni," ttlkirli !■ m^khi^ pwrroui ronfi»»i«i- Rrfpnald 8™i Ptora 
(ortrclly Jciinliri liim u bring ■■ Rn tXi llie world (ucb UDltin kilow M lU* 
Uudttn,'' i. <. Uddckoi : m ilnxc, p. 'i5S. 

MS enc&r bbitaix. 

Tb*t ton dsT'lnlMiiKni roiild not enil ; 
Tlino IiM hill) JuwD. tint lubber timvi. 
And itrukiliM out aJI tliu chuiuivyV iangth, 
Baifca u iLo tn hi* hniry itimcUi, 
And. OMipfitll, oul of iloon h« lUnHiK 
En tbc nnrt cock bla iDMin nns>. 

Begardleas of &[r. OifTiTirii eiicvr at "lliose wlio nim^ 
iindntake the uDprolltabl^ dru<]K<^>7 of tracuig out the pri>> 
perty of nvpry word, and pKrose, aud idcA in Alilton," * wo 
will venture to tmco a littlu horc, nnil beg the n«der to 
compare tliis paaoajo-* vili^ one quoted above tVoin Hanenet, 
and to my if tho rospmblance be accidental, The truth in, 
Milton, ivarcd in London, probnbly kiiuw thn popitliu' 
•Uperstition« chlofly or allogellier from books; anaalinoat 
tnery idoa ia this paassge may be found in books that he 
must have read. 

In the hands of DiyiiDn the Etrea of ChfiuAer lose their 
indrlinitcHoss. In tho opening of tho Wife of Hath her 

Tlio lilng of elve* nnd tiliU tidrj iiumn 
Qamboltd on Ueatlii and duicbd oa evtrj grctfL 


In nin the dairj now willi mint is drtfoed, 
Tho duiy-iiuuLl Dipcuis no fitiiy giu«t 
To iklDi tbn liouk, lud aftf r {«j tba tattt. 
Bbetlglib, oudiibDkcj lici omp^duMifamini 
Vo mIvcc pciuy tg reword hor pain. 

In tlie Flower and the Li^af, unauthorised by the old 
bard, he makes the knights and dames, tho servants of th« 
Dnifiy nnd of tho Agnua Castus, Fairies, subject, like the 
Italiiin Fati^ to "cruel Demognrfjon." 

Pope took equal liberties! miiU bia oriKiual. m nuiT bo 
seen by a coniparison of the following voreea with tno*o 
quoted above ; — 

About Ibia (priait. If uiciBnl bmc any tmo, 
Tbc dapjior alvo* tbcdr moonlight BportB punuo ; 

• Ben iantm't Wo^l|]^ tdI. h. p. 499. We ihull ot'ti «ur U rrsKt 
thit like lUte to ulijclj JUrniurv liu come Ed (hit coodI:? t^mnit prtvludM 
•ti>n a hove of our tw bcingtibleid publiih oqr mrdiuifd idiuaii of Milbm'* 
[Kwuiii for «hii;h wi- h-ii-ir U-n tnlliplini; m»tfnnLi thin* I'iti tail Inat* 
jiviin. ]l would tuvit lim rai j dirllrrnt ftotn Todil'i. [t*ut-il>li(il in 1849.) 



Cheir pigmv king Mi<! titlli; fitty 4iinoD 
Id ctruliiie diuiccM guiutioUd on tlto gnros, 
White tuDohil Bpiltaa ■ morr; coDi^ort mide, 
And air; miuia waibUd tlirough tho ihudc 

JiiHoary aud I/ay, 4S0. 

It BO bejel, tn tlmt fair mnmino tido. 

Ho Iklrlel sported nu tho giuiU'u'a ildo. 

A&d in Ulo midHt Lhoir raonxiroli oud liu bride. 

So fonllf tripp'd tho iight-tjot Indioi round. 

Tbc knjght » nimbi; o'er Cbc gncnsviird boimil, 

Thiit BOu-cc tbc; bent the flowvni or louoh'U th« ground. 

Tbo duicv* cnilt'd, 0,11 tbn fmry tnin 

For iiidlu aiul iliuoius wurdi'd tha flowcir iiUbi.* 

Vith the Kouisgton Gnrdcnt of Ticki>ll. Pope's con- 
fecaBponuT, our Vaixj^'poctry nmy bv nuid ti> hare terminated.^ 
Colfiufl, Beatlie, aud a few other popts of the Inet century 
moke occasioii&l nUusions to it, and aome attempts to revire 
it httvp betni niudo in the present century. But vain arc 
tuch eflbrta, ttie belief in Koiic, and divevted of it sueb poi;try 
can produce no effect. The Fairieu have iihared the bite of 
the goda of ancient ileilae. 

* Ktidcntl)! dnwn tmai tttjiai't PIdwcc >u<1 Lnf. 
t W* moei bon fui tlif lul tioiB with Fair)- lu lu eollctUve Mnir, sr 
ruhet, ptrhipt. ii (kc fountrf : 

All Filij ilioutcd Willi h gencnl loln. 
{ In Mr lUIliireU'i lUuilnitioni ol Furv Mjitholns]!, nlll be (onnd > j'xrf 
4m1 of Faii7 pMiij, tm wbtch m bm sot W •{•cclo Ibia worik 




<mH>n trrm Uirlr hltlr dMC, U mUnl(l>l Ixmt 

FMfth rub IbF ihirT rlvwlii mlmlfr «(•■«, 
And a'ci Elut iiHivEiLiicliI ti4tUk villi «*lflDeM Ml 

Id (UUvUitt unu Uw UUla banuaen thlst. 


Tbb 8cottinb Faiiiea Htarcely dilTer ii:. Any eaaeotial poiiil 
from thoBO of Eti^land. Like ibcm tiny Atv divitlod ioto 
th* rorol ttnd tho domiTxtic. Their a'.tirv in gniea, thar 
reddeaiiM the intvriur ur l)i« hitli. Tliey appear more 
tttachied than their Deiehboura to liic in::>iuirchical form of 

S>vorTkinciit for the Fair}* king and 'iucpd, who Hccia in 
nglond to have been known only by tbi" i)ott>, ni-rt! n-uug> 
niaed by law in Culedonia, and have at all tiuiev held a plaoB 
in tho popular creed. They would nppcar also to bo more 
niiHchii^vouiily inclined than tho SouHiruiin. and !<*« addititcd 
to ihf pmctico of dauvJug. Tlioy hako, liowerer, had the 
advantage of not boing trcaced mth contempt and nogloct 
by their hnmnn cotintrymen, and mnv wi:ll be prmid ot the 
attention bIiuwii them by the brixMiMt K^uiua o( which 
their country can baa«t. There lias tieo been loos due 
from thorn mi ntiknowlud^cnt of the dL^tiiiction contorred 
on them by the editor of the NitiiBdiJe uod Galloway Soiig,^ 
for tho very fancilul mannor in nluch he haa deacribed their 
attribute and lu^ta. 

The Scottish Fairies have never been taken by the poets 
for their heroes or machinery, a rircumstance probably to bo 
attributed tg the atemer chamotiT of Scottish religion- Wo 
camiot, therefore, aa in Engiaud, make a distinction between 
popular and poetic fairies. 

• Mr OmiOfk. TIit« nt, w« Wlwt, innv &!»« flwtini od tin jiirt «/ 

JLlUn CwEinlnifhiitn livnn] ihii gniiLli*n>An, ^Tirh u javlmiuE oil bin hl« vwn 
Mran u imliiionuy vdm. Bin ih< Itgnndi in gCDU'iM. 




Tlic earliest iiotic:e we liavo :n<:t willi of the fklrin is ic 
-Atontgomcrj'B Fitting agaiiLit Polwai't, whi^rd ha tttjB, 

f In ibe huidor end of hnrrcet. nt AIl-b>Uo«a'on, 

WLcn Dur ffovd nfiffhboura * doia ndc, if 1 read rigbtt 
Some bu<:kt(*d on a twcnwiuid. and lome on a been. 

Ay trotloiid m Itooi-B from tbo twilight; 
Sotnu HiiiiU'd uii H iibim{>u sti gr.tit1it'ii m grtva. 

Somo bubJiuiil uu » bemj}8tjAlk Iiovkuiii to tbv iii^t; 
Tbe king of Pbiurio untL liia ouurt, wilb tbe cirijuucn, 

WiUi manj' ellisb lucubua, wiw riiliuiU tbut nigliC 

£lf<laud was the name of tbe redm niled b^ the kiog of 
'hunc. King ■lamcBt speaks of liim and lua quecii, nitd 
•^ofiic ajolie court anJ trame ha they had; how they bada 
t^iude au3 a d(rwtic,ns it were, oi'nll guidia; how thoj natit* 
rally raid and ycid, eat atid dnuik, aim did oU other octioDs 
lyku ntttural men aud womcQ. 1 thiiik," coududt-a tho 
monarch, " it is lykcr Virgilis Oampi El^ni nor anythiiig 
that ought to be hebcved by Christiiuiin." And onn ol' the 
iiitcrlucutore in hia dialogue aaks lioi* it •him that witohua 
hftvi? ffone to death ooiifi'Baiug that tliey had beeu " traus- 
ported with the PhtLtric to vuch uid vuch n hill, which, 
opouing, ihev went iu, aud there eavr n fairr ijui-'cne, who, 
being now lighter, gate them a Btoue which had sundry 

Acoording to Kir. Cromek, who, howercr, rather seilu- 
lounly kefpB their darker attribules out of view, and paints 
eTCTTthing rrlatinc to them coulmir dn rote, tho Lowhuid 
Faines nr» of KmiDl itatiire, but finely iiroportioued ; of n 
fair complexion, with long ytllow hair hanging over thi'ir 
shoulder*, and gathered noove their heads with combs oi 
gold. They ttCiir a mantle of green cloth, iulaid with wild 
Bowers: green paut^uoiis, hutt^uod with bobs of silk ; aud 
■iUer shoon. They earry quivers of " odder-slough," and 
bowB made of tbe ribs of a mau buried where three lattJ*' 

■ Thii aniKFTi to ihr Difi M<IS, ni>«l Propte. of ttin )II[lilKd> anil 
IrvUnd, An obi Sn^riub nsmr, *« otk^ iidd, for % fhirj moia \u hit« I*cb 
Boflp, akin la thK Kngi'ih Poukt, Puck, Pueklci bol <bff«hu| fnUB lb( 

01 Sroattfit uid uf Jloggia full Ii ibli Deuk. 

t UtEJlidOuluglr, IL 111. Ck 6, 



hmJt mffl ; their arrowe &ra made of bog-reed, tipped with 
wlut« fiint», nncl dipjwd in the dow of bcinlock ; they rid« oa 
Bleeds nbntie liuufs " trould nut dnsb the drvr from the cup 
of » harebell." Witli tboir airong tbev ahoot the cattle of 
thoM who oiTrnd tlicm ; the wound i« imporoepcible to 
{oromon ef«a, but there are gifl«d pereoiugen who can 
discern and cure it,* 

In their intercoui«e with mnnkinil they ato frequentiv 
kind and geueroua. A youue miui uf Nithsilal<', when out 
oa a love affiair, heard tnoet aedidous rnuiiic, far Burpuuina 
the utt«ruice of * an;^ mortal tnlituiv of earth's uioidd/ 
Courogeouiilj adtauuing to the spot whence the loUBd 
appeaml to proceed, he suddenly louud himw-'lf tlie Kpec- 
tatorofa FAir)'-b.inijact. A grepii table vith feet of gold, 
wu luid BcrroKi a xmiill rivulet, and supplied with tho fiacrt 
of bread and the rielieal of winei. The muaic procevded 
itom in«trumcnta formed of rcoda and etalks of coi-n. He 
VM invited to partakv in Ibo doner, and presented with a 
Clip of wini>. H« waa allowed to depart in lofcLy, and ever 
after posaeaaed the gift of second sij-ht. He suJii \iv mw 
there seroral of his former acquaintances, who wore become 
members of the Fairy society. 

We give the following lef^end on account of it* great aimi- 
Urity to a Swiss tradition already quoted: — 

Two bids were ploughing in a fidd, in the middle of 
which wan an old thora-tree, a trytfting place of the Fairy> 
futk. One of them described a circle round the tliorn, 
within which the plough should not go. They were Hir- 
prisfd, on endiug the furrow, to behold a ereui tabic placed 
there, heaped up with eicelleot bread and cheeee, and cren 
wine. The lad who hiid dmwn tho circle sat down, without 
hesitation, ate and rlnink heartily, saving, " Fair fa' tho 
hands whilk gie." His compomon wlupped ou the horees, 
retusing to partake of the fairy-food. Tbo other, said Mr. 

* Ttivte tlf-vrpini ure triiinpiUr |4k«* at fTfnt, tuppoird (a Tixt* Iwrn llio 
hecdi of LliB vrotti uhJ hy flic nlurigLuca- Thougb man iilcuLtfiil m Stol- 
Uu*l ilicy trt fcliu IVubd IQ Eii)ftjiiiJ md Ircluid, tnd wcec ihcrc alio studied 
la lb a lfrih«, tnd Ihr vouada vcn ilw only id be dihrFFTird ^y |fifL«d ej'rt. 
|p kD Ad^1o.3&iud poem, there oc^ur ihe tvonli Bfm vrte.^ hud fif* j«j<iat, 
L t. krrow of Uic Codijiad utow of ibe Elic*. Unanu, Dcuv MjtboL, 



Oometi;'* infonnnnt, "timve like a brei-kan," and was • 
pruvcrb fnr wisJoin, and aa oracl« (at countiy kaowk-dgo 
over after • 

Thp Fairies lend and borr[>w, aud it la counted unmnny to 
mfum? them. A young woman was one day sifting nipal 
«arm from tlia null, n^cn a nicely drcsHcd benutiful little 
woman camo to her wilb a bowl of antique form, and re- 
(lUMtod the loan of as much meal ajt Huuld fill It. Her 
requcnt was com|)!ii'd witli, and in a nopk slip returned to 
make repaynieut. She set down the bowl and bmalhcd ovf r 
it, saying, " Be never tooin." The woiuau lived to a great 
ogi', but never eaw the bottom of tho bowl. 

Another woman was returning Inte ono night from s 
goesiping. A pretty little buy eame up to licr and said. 
" Coupo vere dish-wnter farther frae yere door-step, it pits 
out our liTP." She complied with tkis roasooaUo rwjuetil, 
and proaperud ever after. 

ei|t yxnicf fixiTir. 

The Fairies have a great fondness for getting their babes 
Hiie.kled by eomely, healthy young women. A fine young 
wnnian of Nithsdale was one dav spinning and rocking hvr 
flr>t-bom diild. A pretty little fady iu a green mantle, and 
bearing a beautiful babo, came into the cottage and said, 
" Oie mv bonny thine a suck." Tho young woman did so, 
and the Vdy left her babo and disappeared, Baying, " Nurae 
kin" and ne'er want." The young woman nursed the two 
children, and waa aKtoniahed to iiiid every morning, wht^o 
■he awoke, rich clothes for tbo children, ana Ibod of a moat 


* * II wu till IftMljt balitrM br th> plouftinnn «f Clrdttdil*, (fail if Ary 
IcfoUtd the rhjimr 

Puiiy, f^ir}, bAkc ri4 « binnork 4nd mut oir k fqIIop, 

A>"\ I'M Riri ^r ■ ipiirLltf urT wj ^^rud' 
IbiH trwnl IliiiFi mi luitiln); ilicli ultlc il Iti< unukuTiani of ndf^n, Ihrf 
woulil ttnil ilir Did bni pi F|vn<l far ihein on ttuhiDg thi tod af thsftnnt 
bmw ," — Cliiiiittn' Papulti Hhimci a! Srollind, p. 33. 



drlk'ioiiii flavour. TrnditiDn mf* thia Tood tastod Qw 
nhvaU-D-bn'tul, iuU«d with wine •nd lione}-. 

Wlien summer cnmo. the Fairy lady came to aee tier uliild. 
She mu> (lolighb-il to Mf how it hod thriven, and, takiDK it 
ill her timtv, deaired thu imno to follow her. Ther pamcd 
thivuRb sonic setoggy woods iikirtiii^ tlie aide of a DtMutiful 
gmea hill, which thr^y gucendod half vay. A door OlMned on 
the Kuiniy mde — they went in, and the itod dosodafMrtbeat, 
The Fairy then dropped three druuH of a prreioua Uauid 
on her companion's Iftl «yclid, and sne beheld a most oeli- 
eious oiiintrv, whose liclils •kptt. yellow with ripening com, 
watered liy looping hurnirt, and l>i>rdeTvd by tm;* Udcii with 
fniit. She was presented with webs of the 6iiait cloth, and 
with boi<'« of prcciuua mntmente. The Fairy tbon moisU 
nncd herrittht eye with a i^reen fluid, iiud bid her took. She 
looked, aud saw several of her frinidtt and aciguaintances at 
work, reaping the com and ^stthering the fniit. " Tlus," 
Raid the rniry, "in the pinii«hinent of oril dovdj!" She 
theii pniwed her hand orer thn womnn'a eye, and imtontl it 
to its natural power. Leading ber to iho poroh at which ahc 
had entered, site dismissed her -. but the woman had aeeimd 
the woitderful salve. From this time she po«»oR»od th* UeaSibf 
of di«een)iu{( the Fain* people aa they went about inriaibly \ 
till one day. hujjpeiiing to meet the Fairy-lady, she attempted 
to shake hands with her. " Wbnt e« d'ye aoo me wi'f" 
whiipftred ahe. " Wi' them haith," mid the woman. Th> 
Fairy breathed on her eyes, and the aalve lost its efficacj. 
and could never more endow her eyee with their prntenup 
tural power." 



Crtir jTalrii Kiilrr. 

The Rtinf SaJe, or procession, was a matter ol Krcot 
portonee. It took ]>liice on the coming in of munmer, and 
the peuantry, hy using the pnooaution of pbcing 

■8m (bxr*, 1.1^303,111. 
Bkelcbo of PctOiihiie. 

Onhonaln nltl« thii ItfcDd inbia 

a branch d 

<nclllfWfM I 

soomsu Lowi,AXDC 332 

ft* rowitn over their door, might safety gtue on the cavaUodrt 

U3 with music sounding, hridlee riugiug, mid voices luingliDit. 
it pUTnued its way from place lo place. An old woman of 
Nithsdalo gave tiie following desorijitioa of one of thcsw 
jmtcessiona : 

" In lliL- night afore Roodmoss I had tryated with a ne^ibor 
lass a Scots mile fhio linme to talk nuent oujnng brnn-s i' tlic 
lair. We had nne sutten lojig nnfath tho limt-hn^a till wo 
heard the loud laugh of fowk ridiue, wi' the jingliDg u' 
bridles, and the clankiiig o' hoof*. We baiigeil up, thinking 
thnv wnd ride owre us. We kvat nne hut it waa drunken 
fow\ ridin' to the MrV the fureniglil. We glowred rouri' 
tnd roun', and sune »aw it waa the F^triA-fowhi Rode. We 
cowrcil down till they pnased hv. A lieam a light wm 
dAuciiig owrc them iiiur bonnie tliun moonshine : thev were 
a wee n'ee fowk wi' green scnrfa ou, but aiio that rade fore- 
moat, and that &uo wa« a good deal larger than the Uve wi' 
baiuiio lung hnir, bun' about wi' a Etraji wliilk gliuti'd liko 
utani. Thej nulo on braw wee white naien, wi' unto lang 
)|^^'oo]1iug tuils, ttii' maneti hung vii' whiiatlea that the wiii' 
playod ou. This an' their tongue when they oang wa« liko 
the Roim' o' a far nwn psnJm. Mnrion on' me was in u bradc 
lea fiel', where they came by ua ; a higli hedge o' haw-treeii 
keepit them frae gauu through Johnnie Corrie's com, but 
thoy lap a' owre it liko sparrows, and galiopt into n grci'u 
know Deyont it. We gaod i' the morning to look at tb<i 
treddit eoni ; but the fient a hoof mark was there, dw a 
blade broken." 

Z\it CtjHngtling. 

BtJT the Furies of Scotland wero not, even socardinc to 
Mr. Cromuk, uniformly brnuroliMit. Woman nod child 
abatnetioQ waa by uo roe«ua uneomroon with tliem, and 
the BubHtitutes the}' provided wore, iu genenJ, but littlr 

A fine child at Cuerluvcroc, in Nithsdolo, was obserred oii 




thft MWond day aft*r its birth, wid before it vaa baptiMind, to 
have become quite ill-favoured attd deformed, Ita ycllitig 
every night deprived the wholp fumily of re*t ; it bit and 
torn it» mother h breaats, iwid wuiild lie wlill neithrr in the 
cradle nor the arms. The niothiT being one day obliged to 
go from home, left it in chnrgn of the servant cirl. Tlw 
poor 1jih3 wasiijtting lienKiaiiiiii; lit-r«e!f— " Wero it nae for 
thy girning fa«!, I vf<iuid knock the bi>;. winnow tbi? com, 
and grun the meal."—- Iiowse the cradle-hmd," said tlio 
*:hild, "and tent the nriehbonrs, nnd I 'II work yffrc work." 
Up hcstiirti:^ — the winilBriise — the rom wns cKoppod — the 
outlyer* were foddered — the hjuid-mill moved an>itiid, m by 
inatinet— and the knockin^-ntil! did its work with ama>iDj 
ninidity. The hunt und child then rented nnd diverted thmi' 
velven, till, on the ujninrnth of the niinlreSB, it wa< rvstorod 
to the cradle, and renewed it« cries. Tlie girl took the 
first opportunitv of telling thn ndrenturo to her inistr«s». 
"Wliiit 11 wp<l() with thr wve did ? " »aid «ho. "rUwork 
it a pirn," replied the latu. At miditight the chimney-top 
wis i:ovored up, and every chink and craiinv stopped. Tliu 
fire was blown till it was glo'n~ing hot, and toe maid speedily 
undri'HHi'd the child, and hisncil him on the burning coals. 
He nhrieked und yelled in the inost dreadful manner, ami in 
an iustaiit the I-niries were heard moaning on every side, 
and rattling at the windows, door, and cbimnery. " In iho 
name of God bring back the linim," cried th« laiis. Tho 
window flew up, the real child was laid oiv the mother's lap, 
and tho uve diet ilew up the chimney laughing. 



Bipiirturr at tbc fMxM. 

Ok a Sabbath raoniing, all the inmates of s little hamlet 
had gone to church, except a herd-boy. and a littlo ^1, his 
»ister, who wore lounging hoside one of the cottages, when 
just as the shadow oi the garden-dial hud fallen on the line 
of noon, they snw a lonf; cavalcude aiweciding out of thft 
lUTine, through the wooded hollow, Jt winded among the 



knollfl and buthes. and turning round the nortbcm gable of 
tho cijltoKC, beside which the «nlo iij>ect.itore of tlie HCi^ue 
were stationed, began to aaceud the emiriL-nte towards the 
south. The horscii wor« ehagi;^ dimitiiitive thisga, apcchlcd 
dun and grey ; the ridiira nhiottsl. mitigrown, ugij cpwituw)!, 
attired in aiitioui^ ji-rkiiui of plnid, long grey clolen, and 
little red csps. fi'OQi under which their wild uuc^ombed looke 
shat out over their cheeks and foreheads, Thp boj and hi» 
aUtiT Btood gaxing in utter dixniay and aatoninhnicnt. u» 
rider after Hder. eaeh more uueouth aiid dwarfltih than the 
other wliieh had preceded it, parsed the cottage and di»- 
ai>peured among the hrimhwond, whieh at that piiriud (^uiered 
the hill, until ai length the entire rout, except the lael rider, 
who lingered a few yards behind the othan, tuuL gone by. 
" What are you, little manic ? and where are jc going r " 
inijuired the boy, his eurionity getting the better of hia 
fears and h.\» prudence, " flut of the race of Adaui," said 
the creature, turning for a moment in its sadiilr, " the 
people of peace aluill uevcr luurv bo iwou in ikutliuid." * 

W^t Xratnnir. 

Tnx Nis, Kobold, or Goblin, appears in Scotland under 
the unmc of BrowTiie,t Brownie ia a personagi« of small 
stature, wrinkled vixage, covered with short eurly brown hair, 
and wearing a brown mantle and hood. Hi* residence in the 

* Hufh MilW, The OM Red StndiMnr, p. 1M. Vt m liipi!]! Is har* 
Vi tip\tartitahy of ct^rtviiag ibA hi^h ffvlius> of ic"p<A knd i^itfrin ithjcb nt 
rnlrrTtiri fur ilu* FiLfiunliEur^ tnhii. itcirn in iLr lairr*! rank Drkodrlr, 4i)J 
rvaiurnciiiji Ufe m « *rtrlin»»n in * ^tinie-quiiTj', ha tiB«, li^ l!ic mm fur« ol 
nilunL ^ciiiui, liccomo jiw£ 9alj « iii»l Mc gvolu|[jil buL «A tlc|fu1l wrllrf, 
uiil k Huud ud iUi«rDlii| ttilSe. Htalltiid iccbii u tund dau* lii piwiucinf 
(ucb aico. 

f Q« II iitDiDd u or ken K«u (p. 3J11) Uj Gtmln Douflu. KlngJimi* 
Mp '^ lii^m " Tbc ipiill r«llfd Srovnk ftppru^ hke fe Fongh niui. ■ad 
bt«inl(4t dJv^rB houm vllboiil dotng inv (Tilt, but doJng.u \i wnT,i>«o«nrM 
tvrnt u]) 4nii doviit tli« hotut ; jrimne ut to hlindtd h to bfhrir thfel ibnl 
h«iu( wat nil tlic uaucr, ■■ 'Ciuj nUtd li, llul tucb •pnti mvrird iliiit** 




hollow of tin oii tr«e. a ruin<!<l oMtle, or Uu abode of man. 
fir i* attarbed to particular tamiliea. with wboot he hu been 
liiMwn to reside, even for contiirirs, thmhin^; the oura, 
cleaning tiut houM-, and doing rTrrrthing done br hia 
nortbi!rn and Kiij-liah brethren. U« u, to a eertain dctgrev, 
diaiiiterBBted ; tike many fnvsl poraoBacM, be ia ahork^ at 
anythingappmarhingto trip name of a bribe or AwMwr, yet, 
bko them, anonn hia KnipW (» b« oreroome if thn thing bo 
done in a (>entet-l. delicate, aiid Mcrat waj. Tliia, offer 
Brownip a piere of bnwd, ■ enp of drink, or a now coat and 
hood, and nn floati-d at tt, and jicrhapa, in hi* hufT, ouitted 
Ihr plai-i' forever; but leare a nice bow i ofcn«ni, and aoaw 
freHh hDueTTOinb. in a brui; priTat«> comer, and tiiej soon 
disappcnreil, though Itrownio, it wm to br viippoacd, oerec 
knew anything of IHmii. 

A gt>od woman had just made a web of llnaej-wooIoeT', 
and. prompted by her good nnhirc, had manufactiuvd from 
it a umig nmntlc and hnod for her httlc Brownip. Not con- 
tent with laying tlie gift in inn^ of his f/iTourilf opol*, abe 
indiBiTPellv cailt'd to I«1I liiin it was then'. Thi* was t«0 
direct, anii Itrownie' quitted the yihce, ciyiug, 

A new muitlo uul a new hood ; 

Poor Erownio • yc 11 ne'er do mair gud* I 

Another rrrnion of this legend wiyn, that the gndemftB i 
a farm-houM^ in the nariiih of Ulendevmi haTinglctlootaoiiM 
rlothea one night ibr Bruwoie, he wu hi-ud to depart, 

Glc Dniwiiiit dMt. gin Brown!* nrk, 
Yo *H get nac mail o* Brownia'* wuk '. ■ 

At Leithin-hall. in Duinfrieshire, a Brownie hnd dw^t, 
ni he himself dpclnrcd, for three hundred yeant. He nacd 
to (how himw-.If hut mice to eii^h miuiter', to other peraons 
lie rarely diseovi-red more than his hand. One maater waa 
(;ivatlv beloved by Bivwnie, who on his death bemoaned him 
i-icccaiiigly, even ahstniniug fri)m food for many suocenirti 
dayii. The heir rftlurning from fon^ign pnrtu to take posK<»Ion 
"f the citato, Itrowiiie appi-arod lo do hiin htimnge, but the 
iriiinL ofiended nt hia mean, starved appearance, ordurvd biua 


Papulu Rb^(( afftrutland, a. HI 

t Bent and drink, and uev livery. Brownie de]>artc(l, Icuill} 

Cft , ou(to«v at ! 

A' the Invk of LcitliiD Ha' 

Ctaaigii wi' mo lo Bod«bock IIn'. 




Id u fuw yuara Loithin Hu' wiu in ruins, and "botmieBoda* 
bock " floumhing beueath the care of Browuic. 

Others say that it was the gudeman of Bod«beck that 
oiTcnded the Brownin by leaving out for him a mess of bread 
sud milk, and that he went away, saying. 

A' ttiB luuk of BudnbeclE awa lo Leitlienha'. 

Brownie wm not without some roeueiy in hie coniposition. 
Two Inases having made a fine boi^lliil or buttered brnse, had 
taken it into the byre to sup in llit- dark. In their haste 
they brought but one npoon. eo. placing the bowl between 
them, they supped by tunis. "1 hac got but three snps," 
cried the one, "and it "a a" dune." — " It's a' dune, indeed," 
tried the other. — " Ha, ha,ba!" cried a third voice. " Brownie 
has got the maist o' it."— And Brownie it waa who had placed 
himeclf between them, and gotten two sups ibr their one. 

The foUowingstocy will remind the reader of Hinxelmann. 
A Brownie once lired with Maxwell, Laird of Dalawintou, 
and was particularly attached to the Laird's daughter, the 
comelicst lasa in all the holmn of Nithsdale. In oQ her love 
aflaira Brownie was her coiiBdaot and asniatont ; when she 
was married, it was Brownie who undressed her for the bridal 
bftd i and when a mother's pains iirat seized licr, and a 
aervanl. who waa ordered to go fetch the eannie utfe, who 
lived on the other side of the Nith, was slow in getting 
himwrir ready. Brow tiic, though it was one of dark December's 
tlonny nights, and the wind was howling tlirough the trwit. 
wrapped his lady's fur cloak about him, mounted the ser- 
vant's horae, and dashed through the waves of the foaming 
Nith. Ue went to the cannie wifo, got her np behind him, 
and. to her terror and dismay, pluDemf again into the torrent. 
" Ride nao by the auM piiol," said she, " lest wo suld meet 
»ri' Brownie.'' "Fear nae, dame." replied he, "yo'te met 
a' the Brownies ye will meet." He set her down al the hull 



a SKAT BRtTjLnr. 

Rleps, and vent to the stable. I'herc finding tlio tad. wfaoK 
craoiu'sy ho hivi dincharet^il, but ilmwing on hi» boots, faa 
took «><)' the bridle, ftud r>y itn vigorous Kpuli cation in»ti1W 
into the memory of the loitering loon the imjiorliiDce oj 
dispat'oh. 1'hi» «-»> jiixt at the time of thn KrlbrnuUion, and 
« lunluus muiister odviHcd the Laird to huvu him bafitiood 
The Laird conHentcd, nitd the northy minister hid hisuelf in 
the barn. When Urowoic was beginning bi« oigitl's work, 
thf moil «f Qod Sana the holy wutc-r in Ii:k facv, rct>eating 
at the eaiue time the form of baptism. The terrified Srownie 
gave a yell of dismay, and diwppcarcd for crer. 

Ancith<-r nami' by which the aomeotic xpirit wna known in 
Kome partH of Sootuud was SheUycoot, of which the origin u 

Scotland hwi abo its water-tpirit, called Kcljiie, w1m> in 
BOmo respects corresponds with the Neck of the uortheni 
natioDK. " Every lake," wiyo Graham.t " hw its Kt^n*, or 
Wator-liorso, often ticcn ]rv the nhpphrrd, as ho sat iu a 
nuuiraer'n evening upon tlio brow of a n)i-.k, dashing alone 
the surtkee of the de«p, or browsiiig oo the pasture- ground 
npon it^ ver^. Often did this nkligtunt geniusi of the 
waters allure womra and ohildn'n to hip inihaqueciUH haunts, 
thetv to he immediately devourtd. OHen did he alsii su'ell 
th« torrent or lake beyond H» usual limits, to overwhelm tUc 
haplcvH trnvclluT in the lltHid."X 

Wo have now gone through ooarly the whole of the OoUto- 
Grrmui race, and ever^whew! have found their fairy ^wtem 
the aauie — a proof, we eoaeeive, of the truth of the poulioi) 
of its being deeply founded in the relif^ioua Kynlein ori){inn)ly 
common to the whole mec. \V<i now proeceil to anuthei^ 
and. perhaps, an older European family, th« Cvita. 

• (liitnin (Dcut. MjiUdI., p, 479} Bn i< i< Ihc Ccnnin RehrllntiiKk, >.«. 
Iir1I.iatl.fniiii I'll cod beiug hung ulib belli Irks itxurufihr (ixilt A Ptri 
ht Mjh Dots HTvcd in * fonvtni la Mecklenburg, fur Mf.j }-t±n, in kiltlir*. 
v\A vtable, uti iht only nviud be uVtd wu '^ tuiiE4:tia 'Ic dl^vrilt rolodbui 
It timnniattdii iHtatm." 

i SksttbwofP.'ithiliirT. p. 8*5, 
- t |p wliit pimdo, K* kit* (hirfli fnllnirrd Mr. Ctamik. TIiok uuini* 
fni fiittlu'i infminiitian *1U am: -I >« -bt Mlntlnli; of lh< Snlliiti B<h4«I| 
and other HTTka. 


Tbprv vtttj hflM br lAd eipflrl«QDa Konw^ 

WhfML tbm "^rt flwfl h*r funtmerruod J^rep>f4i 
Or, ■tmUlml on DftTlli, Cb« haan-Btnlt balfim lit, 

Ukdeb thp fomipr of these appellations wo include tLe iuha- 
bitnnts of Ireland, tho Highlnii(Ii> of Scotland, nnd thu iiilo 

. c>f Miui ; under the Litter, the piroploof Wnlpt" and Brittany. 

I it ut, oot, howi-ver. bj aiiy meaua meant to be aBnerled that 
there is in anv of thc-se pfacee to be found n purely Celtic or 
Cyioric population. The inoru powerful Ootho-Qcrniut 
Twx haa, nvcry where that thev liave eucouutered them, 
beRt«u the Celta and Cymir. ana intermingled with them, 
influeDcing their manners, Innguagc, iind religion. 

Our knowlrdgn of tin- origincd religion of Uiis race la very 
liiiiitt^d. I'hielly wmfuitd to what the Boiiiau writers have 
transmitted to us, and the remaining poema of the Welsh 
borde. )t« ehnnurti-r iippears to linvo \H'.trn mii»iiiv<!, Kimpte, 
Mid aublimo, mid less f;ivt-u to pereonifloalioii lliim those of 
the more ea>ttorD nntiona. The wild and ttic |>Li*tie powers 
of natiint never M.-om in it to hare aaauuicd the Betiibtkuee of 
huice giants and ingenious dwarfs. 

Yet in the popular cn-ed of nil thenc tribes, wo meet at 
llie present day beiiiux r^netly ciirreii|K>iidiug to the Dwarb 
aiid Fuiriea of the Gut bo- German nations. Of tlieni.' bcitii*! 
there is no mention in any works — such a« the \V'el-li 
Poems, and Mabiuogion, the I'oems of Claaian, or the ilil- 
fcre-Dt Irish jxwnM and rumaneeii — wbieb eon by any porni- 
bility lay claim to an antiquity antenor to the coaqimt* ul 


oiu* Am cnisT. 

tlip Northmen. Is it not then b muonabla suivpotllum that 
the PiftM, SmoiuL. atid othfr sous of the North, trougiit with 
theiu their Dwarfa and Kobolila, aud CJinmunieatttd th«> 
knowU'dgc of, nnd belief in, thorn to their Celtic and Cvmric 
Hubjiflu Btid neighboure? ProcwdiTig 0!i thia tbeo^, wo 
bate pliu^d the C*It« and Crmry next to uid afttr tli« 
Udtho-Gcrmnn nntions, though they are pvlut[is their pitr- 
cumoni in Europe. 


LIki Mm. Il» Kpnw. 

Wk cwmmcnce our suncy of tho limda of Celta utd Cjwuj 
with Ireland, tte being tbe fmt iti uoiut of importaoee, but 
»til] more ns bt-Iiig the hiQd of our birth, It is ^Uuing to 
U&, now in the aiituinn of our life, to return in UDB(tiD&tiuu 
to where we passed ita spring— its moat happy spring. As 
we raui and iiieiiilate, its mouiitaiuM and its vslus, its rrr- 
daut Delds and lucid stre-nms, objects on which we probably 
seTcr senin Nhall gtav, rise up in their primnl frcnhiitiM and 
beauty before ua, and we are oucv more jiresunt, buATftut 
wHh youth, in the ecence where we firat heard the uurv' 
legenoB of which we are now to treat. Kvcn the forms of 
the individiinl peiiKiriU who are asHUfiatc-d with thorn in o<ir 
memory, riiie ao it were from their humble reating-plocea and 
appear before us. again awaking our sympathies ; for, we 
will boldly assi^ it, thi^ Irinh jieofiuutrr, vritti all their ftmlt«. 
gain a faiitcr hold on the aifeetions thait the peasantn- of 
any other country. We ipcnk, however, particularly of 
them na they wero in our conutv and in our younger rtaya ; 
for vc fear that they are ho rnew^iat changed, and not for the 
bett«r. But our preaent business is with the Irish fairiea 
rather than with the Iri»h p<'ople, 

UtELA^D. 308 


r The fiurics of Irvland rnn harilly be iuii<l t<i iliftrr in mj 

I fMpMt from thcise of Bngliuid ttiid Sciillaiid. Like them 
they are of doniiiiutive ftixe, rarely eicccdiug two ft-et in 
height-, thpy live ftlso in (ocietv, their ordinary abode being 
the interior of the niounda, called in Irixli, Hiitlia (lidJtt), in 
£ii{|{llgb. Moats, the conntruction of which it. by the pea- 
Bautiy, ascribed to the Danes from whom, it might thcoce 
pi'rhaps be interred, the Irish got their fniries dircvt and 
tiot vid England. From tbi-se abudo they atv at timi-a HL-en 
to iaaue mounted on diminutive steeds, in order to take at 
night the divcnion of the cbnse. Their usual nttire ia with red ni[>a.* They ore fond of muaiu, but wc do 
not in general hear much of tuetr dancing. |)crliaps b<-cauae oa 
Kcount of the iufre^uency of thunder, the faiiy-rincs are leaa 
numerouM in Ireland than daowhere. Though trie fnirioa 
■t«al children oud strike people with paralyaiii and other 
ftilments (which is called bemg Jairif-atruck). and shoot their 
df-arrown nt the cattle, they are in generul kind to those 
for whom they have Contmctcd a. liking, and oftvn irndiT 
th»ni emc^titiai Hcrvice in time of need. They con mako 
^ theMiselvuB visible and inriBible, and asauuie any forma they 
^H pleue- Tbe pretty tiny conical munhrooms wiiich grow so 
^^ abundantly in Ireland are called Fairy -mnshrooms ; a kind 
of nice regularly -Ainned grawi is named Fairy-tlax, and llie 
bells of the foxglove called in some places Fairv-belle, are slaj 
•aid to have some connexion with the Little People. 

The popular belief in Ireland also is, that the Fairies are 
a portion of the fallen aaevlii, who, btiing k>i>!< guilty than the 
rest, wei* not diin-u to hell, but were aulft-rt-d to dwi-Il ua 
earth. They arc »up[K>ged to be very uneasy respecting ibeir 
condition afU-r the final judgement. 

The only naniea by which they are known in tlioae nnrtdi of 
Ireland in which the English language ia spoken are, Fairies, 
the Oood Pcople,t and the (icntry, thein liwt tcrma being 
placatory, like the Greek Eumenides. Wlii-ii, for ciamplo, 
the peaaant sees a cloud of dust sweeping along the road, 
he raise* hia hat and nays, " CSod apcfd you, gentlemen!" 
for it ia tlie popular bvlicT that it ia id thcae cloudy rchJclM 

* Mr. Crolwr mj*, Uid v«nlln| Id tbe Muniur p»MBU} the ardlnxr 
a.tlr* gfltM Fuij iit bUck hat, ^nen nni, uMie •lacklBf*. ud r«d i 
i lb hub ■> in Enr, i>i}<>e nn^t (tftoj Ml). 


that the Good Peopk journey from one pUm to anotlicr.* 
The liieli Uneiuigo ha* acwnil natiH--* for tbo &iria; all 
howcTtT are torniK or <l«rinttioii» of t)i« ward Slkia,f tbo 
proper romniiiji; of wUieh ae«ma to be 8]>mt. Tli« moit 
unutl oamo pniptorod l>v Ihr MuimtAT M^Muitry is 8U/ht ; 
we iro not acquninU-d with the GuTy>b«Jirf nnd tcrminoto^ 
of th« inliabiUuits of Counemars ajod the other nilds of 

Mo«t of the tmits iind Ireends of thn Irish fnlrie» are cod- 
tniniil ill tht? Fuin* Ltr^uiu and Traditiunti of the Uoath of 
In-'lmi<L compiled b_v Mr, Crofton Croker. As we oursdrca 
wded Lu that work we miisl inform the rcflder that our oon- 
trihuliniigi, both in text and notvn, eoiitiiin onir '■minster 
xAvaa Bjul traditions, for that was the only provinoe with 
which we were acquainted. Weinu»tn)iike the further eonfea- 
sion, thitt Romeof the mnm poetic traitx which MM. Oriiimi, 
in the liitrodiK-lion to tlii-ir Iratulution of thin work, givo 
u dhann-t^ristic of the Irish fairies, owe Ihetr origin to 
the fancy of the writers, who were, in many cues, moiv 
anxious to produce amusing talcs than to tranamit legeodi 

Thi- \je'fi^ad of KnocMiOi^ovitui {Kill a/ 1 ha Faiiy-M^ the 
Smt i^i'iea in that work, relates hon' the Ihiriea uw^ to 
tonuent the cattle and hanlnnra for intrudinj^ on oiie oif 
their fnvourit<r phicc« of reaoit whirh wui on this hill. The 
fiitn-quvcii, it HavH. having fiuled in her iitt«mpt« to daunt 
■ orunken piper who bad undertaken the charxc of lbs, 
cattle, at lout turned hemelf into a cnlf, and. with the piu 
on her back, juiuped over the Shnunon, ten miles off a 
hack uKahi. Flea«ed with his courage, she !tgre<'d to aboDil 
tlie hill for the future. 

The l-egerd of Knock-Grunon tell* how a little bunch 
back, while nittiiig to rest at iiiglitfoli at the side of a 
■>T Moul, lifurd the fairies within singini{ over and oi'era 
Da Luan, Da Marl! (i,«., Monday, Tucatlayl) and addod, weaiy* 

• 9t» Avit. p, SR. 

t Tucy w« Ti* (•lio). rpahn* l^ifn), furifie (attcrfi^, rlj {limy, 

r'i* (•'«*). rfj* (iAmiiU) ill dcnoUnt. ipiril, fmiiy. The lenii rft ''•• 

X Vc nertt htftrd m fkiry-1r|^nd ttam fefi^ of llie Coniiku^t-mrD v^lfa 
vtioio we teik*encd Jn our bojIxKh]. Their tain wen tX) of Fftm-niAt -Cool 

uxl hit heroef. 



with the monotonir, A^ut da Cadinf (i.e., and Wcilnrxliiy !) 
The ruiries were 6o cUUghteil witb this ttddilion lo their 
itoug that thoy brought him into tlic Moat. piit<-rtaint'd him, 
and finalJv frrcd him from thp iiiciniibrtinci" of hin hump. 
Another fiuni'hbnck Kenring the story went to the Moat to 
try if be couJd meet with the same good fortune. He heaH 
the fairies eiugiug the amended Toraicin of the son^. and, 
•nxiolls to eontribute, without wniting for n pnUBc or att^-nd- 
ing ttt tbi; rhythm or mi-Iody, he mhli-il Agut da Mfna! (i>., 
aua friJay.)" His rtwiird was. beinft carried into the Moat. 
and bariiig bis predoccssor'i bump placed on bis bnck in 
addition to bin owii.t 

In the fttory uamed the Prieal'a Supper, a fishermaiK at 
tbo request of the fairies, asks a priest who had stopt at hia 
hoiifc, whether tbvy would be saved or not at the huit dny. 
The primt denired him to tell them to come tbemiielveii and 
put the ((uestion to hiin, but this they declined doing, and 
the question romnined uudocided. 

The neit threm utoric* arc of ehftngelinp. The Voung 
Pipur, one of our uim contribution*, will bo found iu the 
Appendix. Tlie Changeling \\a& nothing peculiar in it ; but 
th« Hrewery of EggshclU is one whicli wp find in many 
placen, even in Bnttiuiy nnd Auve^gnl^. In the iirvseoi 
version, the mother puts down eggahellit to boil, ana to the 
enquiry of the changeling she tells him that she is brewing 
tbem, and clapping his bands ho says, " Well ! 1 'm fifteen 
hundred years in the world, and I never bbw a brewery of 
eggshells Before ! " 

In thp Cantiire of Bridget Purcol, n girl is struck witb s 
little switch OL-lween the Bhouldern, by sonietliing in tbo form 
of a little child that came suddenly behind ner, and she 
pined away nnd died. 

The Legend of Bottle Hill gives the origin of that name, 
trbicb waa oa follows. A poor man waa driving his only cow 

• In Irtab. MA «■>(« <<Uia teniy. We tn iircllnnl u> ihtuk U»l )w 

null hi -F kilitcJ. b{A tidnnjoTn. nu aetw (^MiadhaTihem.dJiiaitRtj.i. t, 
Thutwiiij'. Kndi} l tfr *v tAii iir i»u rruuii for umutiof ThurWiy. 

t Set bcloit, Bri-t'Jn)! uii Spain. In boiL M vhich iKf It^d^il \\ aittn 
wfecli bill ll it lmi>o*«]ble ID m^ nvlilrh U ihe onglml. PirDrll't plriitn| 
r%\t\ Ttle !• probotiJ; formed «R ihli Iil>h venl«i, Jet II ipct* moic will 
the BnUn Iftcod. 


cxvn AjiD oriiCT. 

(o Cjrk to •eti her. A* he woa eoiiig OT«r tKst hQl he km 
•uddealy joiiit^d bv a stnLugC'looKiug lillle old mail with a 
pale withprod fa«t aud rod eyon, to whom he wa» cvoatittllr 
mducrd to give his cow in i-ichutiKe for a baitttc, and both 
cow and purchaaer then disapw-ared. When the poor mar 
canie home he follovrd tho aiivctions of the stranger, ana 
Rpreadini; a dntli on the table, and ptncinK the bottle on the 
ground, he said, " Bottle, do your duty!' aiid imnivdiatelv 
two littli' beiDgn rooo out of it, and baring covoTod t^ tabl« 
with fond in "oid and silver diahes, went down again inlc 
thi! Itottle and vanished. By Helling tlieae lie got a good deal 
of mouey and became rich for one in hia station. Tke 
secret of bin bottle howc\fipr tnui»pired, and hia landlord 
induced him to *ell it to him. But bin jinMjwntr vsnisbed 
with it, and lie wait afjaiu reduced to one cuw, and obliged 
to drive her to Cork for sale. As be journeTed over the 
sntne hill be iiii^t iha miUKi old man. and »old liim the oow 
for another bi)ttle. Haviiig made the usual prcpaxatiooa, be 
laid it on the Rroiuid aud said, " Bottle, do jour duty ! " but 
Insteadof the tiny little lads with their gold and silver disbea, 
there jumped up out of it two huce feUows with cudgela, 
who fell to b(-lalwiiring llie whole family. When they had 
done and uere gone back into the bottle, the owner of it, 
without saying a word, put it under hi* coat and went to 
biH liinillord, wlio happened to have a great deal of eompany 
with him, and seat in word that bo was come with another 
bottle tn sell. He was at once admitted, the bottle did its 
duty, and the inea with eudccis laid about them on all 
present, aud nerer ceased till the original wcalth-g^ring 
bottle wse resl">red. He now grew richer than ever, and hia 
Kon married his landliird'ii dnu^htcr, but when the old man 
and his wife died, tlio servanta, it ia recorded, fighting at 
their wake, broke the two bottles." 

The Confesaiona of Tom Bourke, a* it contains a faithful 
trButSLTipt of the words and ideua of that personaKe, is per- 
hapn tlie moat valuable portion of tho wotv. From this wo 
learn tlint in Miinater the fairien are, like the peoph? them* 
•elves, divided into faciiant. Thu.i we are tola that, on the 

' Thli \1iKj ma)' naiind oru of (h< Wnndrrful I^np, ud gitbm. 
b tomeVbing of tbs ■mo kind in tlis PcoUaivmMh 






occ&Bion of the death of Bourke'a mother, the two partifv 
fought for three coatinuouti uights, to decide whether ahe 
should be buried with her own or her hiiahnnd's people 
(i. e. famil^v)- Bourke also bad ant for houre louking iit two 
parlies of the Good People phtving at the popular game of 
hurliag, in a meadow at the opposite side of the rirer, with 
their ooats nod waistcoats oH, and while handkerchiefs on 
tho bea>h) of one, and red on these of the other partj, 

A man whom Tom knew was returuing one eveaing from 
a fair, a tittle elevated of eourae, when he met a berrin 
(i. e. funeral), w hii^h he joined, as m the euatoin ; but, to hia 
surprise, there was no one there that he knew ciecpt on© 
man, and he had been dead for some years- When the berrin 
waa over, they gathered round a piper, and began ti> dauce 
in the churcliyai-d. Davy longed to tie among thetn, and the 
man that ho know came up to him. and bid hiin take out a 
juuluiT, but on nn account to give her the iMual kina. He 
accordingly took out the purlirtt girl in thf ring, and danced 
a jig with her, to the admiration of llie whole eompanv ; but 
at the end he forgot the warning, and oumphca with the 
eimtom of kissing one'a partner. All nt onco eTorythliig 
vanished ; and when Davy awoke next morning, he found 
bimsclf lying among the tombstones. 

Another man, also » little in liquor, waa returning one 
night from a berrin. The moiin was shining bright, and 
from the other side of the river camo the sounds of merri- 
ment, and the notes of a bagpipe. Taking off his shoes and 
stockiiig:>, he waded across tiio river, and there he found a 
great cruwd of iieo[ilu dancing on the Inch* on the other 
•ide. Ilo miuefed with them ititliout being obHerrod, and 
he longed to join in the dance ; for ho had no mean uptniou 
of hia own skdl. Ue did so, but found that it was not to be 
compared to theirs, they were so light and agile. Me waa 
going away quite in despair, when a little old man, who was 
looking oii with mark* of disph-ruturf in hi* face, came up to 
him, and telling liim he was his friend, and his fathur'a 

* Init, pn>n<>uii«il (aturliniDi /h«A, (lilct Iti« llcUrvw Et (^) whI IIw 
IfldUn Dnh p ii (ithrr lalAiid vv cuut, bonk af iira or 'it«r. T!ic Ani|..Skc. 
IX («) »rfii]> \a \1vr9 bjwl Ihr Mnmv ril^nt of kigitifidtion, lirnro Chcltn, 
B*l1icnr4, tir., tibicb npnr rould bitfl bfrn klijiilk, Pcrhm^ ^COplliJ 
(trartA^, worth} ni limiiBr, u vtrd, wrrlh, ia Qcnniui k ui kltod. 


unr* utD CTH«T. 

friend. b«td«> liim go into the rinz uid call for a Hit. Uc 
comptkd. Bad nil were nmKEcd at niii dancing; h« th^a got 
n talik aud ttaiiced on it, mid flnallr he npau round and 
roucid on a trencher. When he had done. thi.-y want«d him 
to dnncp ngiiin ; but ho rofiunl with a great oath, and 
inxtnntiv he fouiid hiiiiitelf lying oil the Inch with onlv a 
white cow f^raKiuj; boeide him. On going bonu'. he f^E a 
■hiToring and n fcvn. H<> trn« for manv dars out of bia 
mind, And rcL-avrred &tuw]r ; but cvtr aiWr 'hn had great 
■kill in tairy rautwra. The daiiet^rs. it turned out, bad 
belonged to n dtflerent fnrtion, and the old man who gSTo 
him hi» skill to tlint to whi<^h he himanlf wtu nttM^hoil. 

In thrsp ^iiuiut- L'ocirowioiiM it is vwy remarlutble that 
the Good People arc never repivwDted as of a diminutiie 
size : wliilc in even- storjr that wo cvm- hmrd of thorn in 
Ijcinntvr, tbi-r were of pygnij- rtatiire. The following oeoount 
of tiieir mode of entering housea in Ulster (^vea them 
dinionsionx approaching to those of Tilania's ' smalt elres.' 

A Fairy, ttw most ngilc, we miij- siipiinsc, of the portv, is 
selected, who oonlriveii to get up to tin; keyhole of iJie ooor, 
conying witli hiin a (liece of thread or twine. With Ibis Ke 
deacenoa on the insidei, where he fastens it firmly to the 
Soor, or flome piui of the fnmiturc. Those without thro 
' haul tnnt and belay,' and when it is fant thev prepoire 
to march alonf; this their perilous Es-Sirat, leading to the 
paradise of pantry or parlour, in this order. Kirrt ntept up 
the Fairy-piper, and in inca«ured pace ptinuea hia advrn- 
turoux route, playiiij* might and main an invigorating elfin- 
march, or other »pirit-«tirring air ; then one by one the 
rest of the train mount the rord and follow his stepa. Liks 
th(! old Roniann. in their Iriiiinpbul iiroccsiBionit, they pass 
beneath the lofty nrL'li of the keyhole, and more down along 
tlie other side. Lightly, ono by one, they then jump down 
OD the floor, to hold their revel* or oicconipliiili their Uiefld. 

We have nottr heard of any being, in the parts of Ireland 
with which we are iiciiuttint«Cd, answ«ring to the Btu^art, 
Bnjwnie, or Nis. A fanner's family rtill, we believe, lirins 
in the county of Wicklow. used to aasert that iu their grancf 
fatliei's time tbey never hod any trouble about wiiahmg up 
plttl<-H and dii>he» . fur thej liad only to leave tbem coUeet«a 








m t oerUin part of the faoiuc for the Good Foople, «bo 
would conw in and wash anddeim them, and in the tnoming 
eventhing would be ctcnn uid in it» propter place. 

let ill ilie couuly of Cork it woidd eeem that the Clnn- 
caun, of vhkh wo ahall pivseDllj ■peak, ustd to enact the 
pttrt of Kin or Bogeart. Mr. Oroki-r t<'!lii n iilorv <>f a little 
fceinp, which he eidla a CliirifSiui, that haunted the »!lar 
of a n(r. Mncarthy. and in a note on this tjile he give* the 
eoiitcntii of » lirttj^r infomiiiig hiin of wiother yclepi-'d Little 
'Wildbeau. that haiuited the boiise of • Quaker gentlemac 
nnmed Ilnrri*. and which ia nrecuel^ the Nia or !{ugK>irt 
Thin Wiidbenn, who Itept to the cellar, would, tf oue of the 
eerrnnts throuf>li ue[;ltf>eQce left the beer-barral running, 
wcdgi< himi^rir into the cock and stop it, till Bome one eiune 
to turn it. His diuucr utied bo be hrd for him iu the cellar, 
and the cook haviug. one Friday, left him nothing but part 
of a herring niid »oine eoM potntoefl, ohe won iit midnight 
drweed out of her bed, and down the cellar- at aira, and oo 
muS bruised that a)ie kept her bed for three weeks, lu 
order at lost to get rid of him, Mr, Harris rrisolved t« 
remore, being told tlint if he went beyond a running Htreain 
tlie Clurieuuu could nut follow him. The kat cart, filled 
with CTnpty barrels and such like, wa« juBt moving off, wh<Tn 
from the uung-holc of ono of them Wildbeon cried out. 
" Here, maoter ! here we go all together I " *' What I " said 
Mr. Harris. " dost thou go also P" " Yes, to be sure, matter. 
Here w<i go, all together I " "In that csuio, friend," replied 
Mr. itarns, " let tlie carts be unloaded ; ¥e are juat as well 
vrhrro we ore." It is added, that "Mr. Harris died Mmn 
aft«r, but it is said the Cluriiraun atill lutunbt the Harris 

In nnothiir of tticne Vajry Ijcgenda, Tci((ue of the Lee, who 
haunted the house of a Mr. Prutt. iu toe county of Cork, 
bears .1 strong n'semblanco to the Uisaotniaon of Uermony. 
To the otocy, which ijt (Exceedingly well told bv a member of 
the society of I'riendij, now no more, also the narrator of 
the Legoiid of Bottle-hill, Mr. Crokcr has in his notes added 
some curious particuJar*. 

A being named the Fear Deorg (1. e. Ked Man) u also 
known in Munster. A talc named The Lucky Ou«*t, which 
Vir. Crokcr givca as takec down vrrititim Iroiti the mouth 01 




the narrator hj Mr. M'Cliae, the artist, gives th« fuQeat 
account of thia b«»^. A girl rclatt^d that, when kKo vu 
quite a child, cue nigut, during a stonu of wind siid nin, a 
kiiuckiiig was lu>ard at tli« door of bcr father's cabin, «ad b 
voico liki! thtit of a f«.-hl« i>lil miui rrnving ntlmiMioa. On 
thu duur'a b<-Iiig opened, there tnuie iu a little old idbji, 
about two feet and a half high, with a red sugar-ioaf hat and 
n long 9i-ftrliit tout, ri-iu-liiiig dnwri noiirly to the nrnutd, hia 
)mir was luug luid k'^'^i '^'1 lii" ''"-'■> yt^llov and wnnUed. 
Hp wont OTcr to tlie lii'o (which tiio family had quilt«d in 
their fear), aut down and drii^d hii>idiithox,und U-gan mnokuiK 
a pipe whioh Iib fouiiil there. Tht- faiiiUy wt-nt to hed, aaa 
in the momiug he was gouo. In about a month alW bo 
began to come rejiularly every night about iilrvcn o'clock. 
T)ie Hifcual which he ffave Mtw thrustiiiK a hairy arm through 
a hole in the door, which was tbcn o|>euod. and the &mUT 
retired to bed, leaving liim thu room to him«i'lf. If they did 
not open the door, some accident waa sure to happen neit 
daj to themselves or their cattle. On the wliole. nowerer, 
his visits broiight good luck, and the family proeperod, till 
the hmdlord put theiu out of their fiirm, and they never aaw 
the i'ear Dearg more. 

As far aa our knowledge eitcnda, there io no being in tho 
Irish rivers answering to the NLx or Kelpie; but on the 
sr-a court the people heUevc in beings of the same kind as 
the Mermen and Meniiaidis. The Iriah nauie is tierrow,* and 
j^enda are told of tliem similar to those of other countriea. 
TtniB the Lady of OoUeriia reeeniblos the Mt^rmiiid-wifn and 
others wliieh we liave already related. luutoad. howerer. of 
an entire dress, it is n kind of cap, named CoAuUon Drutih, 
without which she eauuot roturti to her vitbaqucous abode. 
Other legends tell of niatrbiouial unions formed by mortals 
with thcee sea-Iiulion. front wliich some families in the south 
claim a descent. The Lord of JJunkerron, so bcaiitifiillr 
told in Heme by Mr. C'roker, relatcn the unfortunate termi. 
nation of a mnrine amour of one of the O'SuUivan family. 
The 8oul-c«ges alone contains tho adventUTos of a M-orman. 

■ Mr. OrafcN mj% Ihia !■ nomacJl. ■a-niM I Iha mAj mri «« Had ia 
0't(*il1} ii igniniiDSM'i (nidniyatA). Vt tu>c mcl do icon uun 

to wuman. 

UIXI.UII>. >tl \ 

The Iriat) Pooka* (puc*) in plauilir tUc Buglish Poul«\ 

Puck, ftiid would eeeiii, like it, to (lebot« an evil spirit. Tli« 
tiutioufl respecting it are very vaCTie. A boy in the moun- 
tains in"iir KillarDo\' tolit Mr. ("rokcr th/it "old peoplii imcd 
to env tliat the Pookaa wer« very uumcroua lu tht- tiuies 1l>ii)[ 
ago. They were wicked- minded, black-looking, bad tliiu)t», 
that would come in thrTom ofwildcoUi, nith chiiina h.inging 
■bout them. They did grent hurt to bentghtod travi-llcrs." 
Here we plainly have the l^gliwh Puck ; but it is remarkabla 
that the ooy should epfjtk of Pookiis in the plunti number. 
In Lcinster, it was alwayg thf. not a Pooka, that we heard 
turned. When the blackberrios betpn to doc-ay, and tlie 
■cods to appear, the children are told not to eat tWm Any 
loiijrcr, aa the Pooka hits dirtied on theiu. 

The celebrated fall of the Liffi'y, near Ballymore Eustace, 
is named Pool-n-Phooka, or Tlio Pooka's Hob. N™r Ma- 
oroom, iu the county of Cork, ore the ruina of a castle built 
ou a rock, named Carrig-a-Phooko, or Tbe Pooka'a Hock. 
There is an old castle not far from Dublin, called Puck'* 
Ciuitlr, and a townland in tho county of Kildare is nnn]«d 
Puckatuwn. The eoiDmoD eipreaaion yfay Me i'wtri is thd 
Muno ae plag tke deuce, play the Veeil. 

Tbe most remvknblo of the Fairy-tribe iu Ireland, and 
ODO which is peculiar to the country, is the Leprechaun.t 
This is m being in the form of an old man, droiised as be is 
described in on(> of the following tiiJcn. II<i in by profcimion 
■ maker of broffues; be reaorts m general only to secret and 
ntircd ptacc-K, wht^re he is discovert^d by the sounds which 
he makea hammering his broguea. lie is rich, liki? curmud- 
gMQs of his sort, and it is omy by the most violeat tluvata 

* h fi k Tuld Df ihe Iriili Un^LKgn, that Eh« lEailik! eoiuahjint of iit vbl^i^iiv 
oue, ur uf m wi*ri] in tfyimiiir, lirtuiuca iijnntEed ; Uiut J'uvht (uiNai.), no 
P/toobi (Jcu.), mar »ii, a utliic (wc) my wn. 

f In Iruli |<>bAit«l<) {ItttirktH) I Ibo Uliin niuc ■■ l^litirjinan. in In>li 
loi^fiinaii ilaeLiraaH). for ihs Coik l*rin Clurtcmn. llir Kcnj 1,uri(»un 
MtA (lift Tkppctir* LurifwIfeuD, i*c hsfc fi>uDil no v4|uk<BLcfiia in tbp Inali 
4letJonar1«. Tht thait to IrLah, w« mvf obvrrva ii pAiiiouiited u in 
fnatii hod SpAaiih. i. ^. u « in b%Ut cul ; ti nnrT^ u a in fi^l^ ji miv b« 
■dd«d. on ufluni of ih« folloiitTig lain, tbil in X'idur *nd tb* (djuinini 
t»unUH ik< (burl Enjillili «, In biU, eal, tir,, i* lonrithl; pmnoaimd u la 
fmll,/wU, nhUe this h ii ptvDonuond u IhU in hit, nd. 


or douiK Kim •otne b:>dily harm, that tie cud b« made to 
tliow tlie place where Lis treasurei lies ; but if the penOO 
who han caught him cnn Iw induced (a thing that alw^a 
hniipengi, hj Ihu way) tu taku h'vt eyea otT liim, he nmiahw^ 
aud »ithhiiu the prospect of wealth. The only iaslBQoe of 
moro thnn one f jpoirennLiii being »pen at a time is that which 
occur* in one of tiiii fnilowiuv; tides, which was nilatod bj an 
old woman, to the wTitcr'a attiler aod earlj- compauion, noir 

Yet the lA'prechnun, though, a» wc mid, peculiar to 
Iraland, seeinB iiidfbUHl to Euglaiid, al least, for luti name. 
Ib Irish, a« wo hare seen, ho is called Zobmretn, and it 
irould not be ensr to write the Englinh Lubberkin laora 
atcurattU- with Insb letters and Irish siiunda. Le]>TvchauQ 
in cvidcully a corruption of that word.* In the time of 
Elixubeth and Jamcv, the word Lubricnn was nacd in 
England to iudicule some kind i>f sjiirit. Thii* Dniyt<»n 
givca oa a part of Nyniphidia's invocation ef Prutwrpiixa: 

Bj tilt nuaulnkc'ii dntutfu] grouu ; 
1^ ib* Lebrieui'i nul moniu ; 
Iljr Uio noiiM of dwd mm'n bonei 
lu cliMnul-honat ntUins- 

That thi» WM the Leprechaun is. we think, clear : for in 
the Ueueot Whore of Decker and MiddletoD, tho following 
words are used of an Inah footman : 

Aa for Tnur Ihsli Lubrioui. ilial iipiril 

Whom by pieposUiimui cIuutim Uir luM baa rsi«i>4. 

l-art IL i l.t 

"We thus bai'c the Lepreehniin u a well-known Iriah fairr, 
though Ilia character was not uudervtood, in the sixtecuth 

The two following talea we ouraelves beard from tlie 
jiea^EUitry of Kildare iu our boyhood : } 

* Thr rii>i>r Lwtinmnniiif hu taih Hi &iiUih look. Om n ihMiM be 
lemptRlM dunTgiifrum ihr Anx.-lfoii.Ufan, '(fc«n,ia pUi. Ixiki Lifrmaud, 
ot Lflki PUrmkfi. U » ntnii nf ilin KjHftir di'itf Loki In ib« DvniaS tullult. 

t Id lilt ^Ivx itt ibD WiEi^haf JOJmitnlua utuiU^ quotf^triLb Ihit, LvbritJf 
b pluiljr till I.'Ihi tain^ai. 

I ll irill bo aWntd Ihu tbcM, u well u (lie Vmag Pi|cria the Appea- 


CItbrt Com ant t(r ftiprrt^atin. 

OuTKB Tom Fwicli-(i.e. FitKJpftthrict, &a people uaed lo 
call him, was the eldi?«t son o' n comfortAole I'nnner, who 
livnd nigh hand, to Morristown-I^ttin, not far rrom the 
Liffcy. Tom was jiat lurued o' mIK^-an'-twilltJ•, whin he 
met wid the foUyiu' ndviothur, sat' he wm m cIitot, cUne, 
tight, gooct-liiltin' a hoy as anv in the whole county KUdarL*. 
Oun finedaj^ in huMiat (it waa a holiday) Tom was titkiji' a 
ramble by hiinailf thro' the land, an' wmt aauuthcrin' along 
the sunny side uv a hidge, an* thinkiu' in himailf, nharo la 
hf! the grat« harm if people, instid ut idliu' au' goin' about 
doin' nothiu' at all, war to shake out the hay, an' bind and 
Mook th' oats tliat waa tyin' an the li?dge, 'specially as the 
weather was raither bn>hin uv late, w^hin nil uv n euddint h« 
h'ard a clackin' sort o' n'i»e jiHt a little way Ibrriint him, in the 
bidge. " Dea* me," said Tom, " but isn't it now raaly 
aurpriain' to hear the rtonechatters wngin* so Inte in IM 
Boison." 80 Tom etole an, guin' on the tips o' his toes to 
thiy iv he cud git a night o' what waa makia' the n'ise, to 
■ee iv he was right in his guess. The n'ise stopt ; but aa 
Tom luked sharp thro" the bushes, what did he eoe in a 
neuk o' the hidge but a brown piteher that might hould 
about a gallon an' a baff o' liquor ; an' bjo and bye he seen 
ft little wee deGoy dawny bit iv an ould man, wid a litUo 
toeity IT aeocked hat stuck an the top iv hia head, uu' a 
deeshv daiutiT leather npron haugin' dow*n afore him, an' be 

Silleo out B litttu woodi^ii stool, an' vtud un upon il, and 
piieil a little piggeu into the pitcher, an' tux out the full 
av it, an' put it beside the stool, an' thin luit down undher 
the pitcher, an' begim to work at pultlu' a heulpicH:c an • 
bit IT a brogue jist fittia' fur himailf 

dll, *R itUlcd in th< chmctrr af n pmunL Thii «u id uvwdin(if nilh • 
(mue iW vu pmpotfd for ibg Ftlij- t.r|[riiili, luL wLich pnt«il tM ilifflinill 

irfuKCuUta 10 ba tdopUiiL 



" WpII, by the powen. ! " mid Tom to hiiMilf, " I aft«n 
hxrd tell o' tli« lA-jircclmutis, aii', tc tell Ood'a ihmth, 
I luvir rightly betievtMl iu thim. but here 'e won o' tbini in 
right ainieet ; if I gv kiwiwin'ty to work, I 'm ft mod man. 
I'hey say a boily mutit iiivtr take thuir «y(!ii off o' thim, or 
they'll eaeapo. 

Tom now rtolo im a little lartbrr, wid bl» cto fiind an tbo 
littlo iiuui jiiit an a cat d(K-s wid a mutiHc, or, ua wv read iii 
buoka, the rattloeiinko dooa wid the birds be mata to 
iiictiaot. So, whin he got up <i'iit« r\o*p to him, " Qod bleu 
vour work, hucieiit mail," xex Turn. The IttUe rooii mined n]> 
bin hewl, an' *' Thank you kindly," set he. " 1 wuudher 
you 'd he workin" jin thu holiday," tci Tom. "That's my 
own husiui--as, an' uone of your's," itaa the ri'ply, thort 
enough. " Well, may be. thiu. you 'd be ci?il euou^ to t«ll 
»m, what you 'vo ggt in thp pitcher there," ses Tom, "Aye. 
will I, wid pieaeuro," evK he : '■ it'a good beer." " Beer1 
ace Tom; " Blud an' turf, man, wharo did ye git itP" 
" Wharo did I git it, is it P why I med it to be ehure ; an' 
what do ye think I med it avi" " Diril u ouo o' mo 
kiuiwa." Be» Tom, "but av malt, 1 'apo«e; what flae?" 
'■ 'Tifl there you 're out ; I med it nv haith." " At haith ! " 
sex ToiD, buntin' out laughin'. "^ Khurc you don't tnikO tno 
to be sich an oiuecUiauii as to b'litrvo tliat ? " " Do an to 
plaso," eez be, " but what I tell ye is the real thruth. Did 
je nivir hear tell o' the Danes F" "To be shnra 1 did," eei 
Tom, " waru't lliliu the ehapa wo get »iich a litdun' whin 
they thought to take Deny fmin hu»?" "Hem," ae« 
the littlo iniui dhryty, " is that .ill ve know about (h9 
matther?" *' Well, but about thim Diini-a," eei Tom. " Why 
(ill tb' about thim is," said he, "m thai wliiti tliey war here 
thny taught hux to make bi^cr out o' the haith, an' the 
BMcnit'H in my faniUy ivir sense." "Will ye mv a body a 
teate o- yer beer to thry P " sea Tom. " I 'U ti3l ye nhat it 
ii>, young roan, it id be fitther fur ye to be lukin' ailher yer 
t'utfivr's iiropirty thi'n to bo botherin' dacint, quilo people 
wid yer foolish ouestions. There, now, wbilo you 're idun' 
away yer time lirrc, thrro's the cows hay* bnik into th' 
oatd, ail' are knoektn' tlie coni all about." 

Tom was token bo by surprise wid this, that be waa jist an 
the very point o' turam' round, whiu ho lecollicted hunsiiL 

IBKUJfS. 87fi 

81), nfcnri] that the like might happin ngin, he meil a gmh at 
the Lppreciiauii, aa" cotcU him up ia hi» hftud, but in Ui» 
hurry he ovirgot the pitcbeir, luid epilt all the beer, so that he 
couldn't git n tojttr uv it to tell whnt sort it v/an. lie thin 
ewore what he woiilJu't do to him iv he diiln't show him 
whare his money wa». Tom luked so wicked, an' bo bloody- 
minded, thnt the little miin wus quite friehti'ned. " Si>," 
Be* hi>. " come along wld me a oouple o' hehU off, an' I'll 
shflW yc a crock o' goiilJ," So they wuit. an' Tom held the 
Iiepr«chnim fn^t in hia hand, an' niTir tiik his eves frum aff 
UV him, though they hud to t^nua htilj^a an' uitches, an' a 
cnikrd bit uv a bog (fur the Lcpreclinun seemed, out o' 
pure mian'hief, to pick out the hnmest and most conthrairy 
nay), till at laat they come to a grate fiold all full o' 
iolyawn bttifg,* aa' the Leprechaun poinwd to a big 
bofynwn, on' sen he, " L>ig iindher that bolyawn, an' you 'U 
git a crook ehuck fuU o' goiildew guinea*." 

Tom, in his hurry, had nivir minded the briogin' a fack t 
wid him, so he thought to run home and feteh one, on' that 
lie might know the place agin, he tiik uS one o' hia red 
garthers, and tied it round the bolyawn. " I a'poso," nei. 
tho Leprechaun, tctj- civilly, "ye'vo no further ocenshia 
fur me ^ " " No,'''"'*Toni, "ycmay pi away iidw, if yc like, 
and God speed ye. an' niay go<)d luck attind yc whareivir ye 
go." " \Veli, good bye to ye, Tom Fwichpathrick," Mid the 
Leprechaun, " an' much good may do ye wiil what ye 'II git," 

so Tom run fur the bare life, till he come home, au' got & 
ftck, an' thin away wid him as hanl ns he could pilt oack 
to the Sf]d o' holyawnx ; Imt whin he got there, lo an' 
behould, not a bolyawn in the field, but Jiad n red garthcr, 
the very idinticol model o' his own, tied about it ; an' ok to 
diggin' uj) the whole field, that wim all nonsiuse. fur there 
WM more nor twinty good Irish acres in it. 80 Tom come 
boms agin wiil his fiu'k nn his nhuuldher, a little cooler 
nor he wint: and many 'a the hearty curse he gcv the 
I<eprechaun iny time he thought o' the nat« turn ho sancd 
him. I 

* Uk YcllowHtlek, ik« ti|in»i ar nfwnd, which from la ■ (i*W Ute 
la Inlind. 

t A kind of Ipidf «llh bul one tlofi, UMd in Iivinitrr. 
J All that ii mi id dm Ic^nd ibnui lit btrt » ■ [>ur» flciioB, ft>t m 



etc &tprrcl).itnt in Idt AKrtnt. 

Trbhk's a sort o' people that erwy body must liaTft met 
wid sumtimc or another. I mann thim ppopio that pur- 
tindii not to b'Ueve iii tilings that in tbinr hearts thcv A) 
b'lieve iu, au" are mortiallv afeani o' too. Now Fndey* 
Mooney wa« one o' these, bailey (iv liny o' y« knew him) 
wiwa rollockin', rattltu', dinl-iiuiy<can! sort ov a i-liiin like — 
but that 'b Dfither here nor there ; he was always talkia' one 
Qonnnee or anothcT-, an' nmone the rest o' his foolenea, h« 
piirtindeii not to b'lievu iu the uurio*, the IjcprnchauDS, an' 
tbc PcHnan, an' he evin sumtimea had the tmpeiUuou to pur- 
tiod to doubt o' ghosts, that everj- body b'bevea in, at any 
rate. Yit sum people used to wink an' luk kuowin' whiB 
I'ailcy wo* gosthrriii , fur it wnti obMin'cd that he wna mighty 
Bhy o' craaBiu' the foord o' AJmamoe aflher uiKhtfotl ; an' 
that wbin onst ho was ridin' past the ould churcli o' Tipper 
in tbe dork, tho' hn 'd got i-naiigh o' potthcon into him to 
nioku any inun atuut. he nied the horse trot k> that there 
was no keepin' up wid him, an' iv'iy now an' thiu be'd throw 
a tihnrri luk-out ovir hii lifl Khoiildhrr. 

WeB, one uiKht there waa a paiwl u' the ndgbboura sittm' 
dhriukiu' an' ta}kin' at Lariy IteiUy'a public-houoe, an' 
Failcy waa on» o* thn party. Ho was, ns usual, gittia' an 
vid \iia iianainHC an' buldherdaah about tho fiurie*, an vwovia' 
that he didn't b'licfo there was any live tliiiifpt, banin' idid 

a«Tcr hnrd ef i Li<p»cl>4un drinUoi or (mailing. Ii ii, howvnr, » indlilMi 
of ihp p^LJufitry, tlmr t1if< Ilttira ittcA lo mikr Wrr of the beiLh. tl wm ft 
PioUflUrx f[intLrr hi Ilia eovuiy at C%*%n, thai Jicimvi] mrh knovilriljci of llie 
^*|^ of Drrry I Itir C'lEhDjif fnrJatirr wliu laM iik thi< ttor;, ktiflw lat hvUvt. 
It 1> ilIio iIic pupulu belief lliDt ihe UuDri kcc;i u|i Ihi-ii cliiai no lr*luij, 
lad IbU k UiDiih fuhcr, when mirrjlng hit ibUDliUc, i;i>e* liei > jMiniaii (a 

* t. e. Felix. On ftcroual of tho Romltb cuiiom of nunifig tRer Gbinti, 
F«1ix, Thaddsuif TvrmiH, Auguslloc^ oU.. we commun nuiio oruoDg (bo 




an' ba«t«s, an' birds And' sich like things as a body 
cud see, an' he wint on tulkiri' iu so profane a way o* the 
good people, that wjiii o' the eompaiiy grew timid aa' begun 
to crass tciiuiiiilvos. not knowin' what might bappin', whin 
an ould woman called ?^lan' liiignn wid a long blue cloak 
about her, that was sittiu' in the chinibly comer smokin' 
her pipe widout takin' the laate share in the cauvematioD, 
tuk the pipe out o' her mouth, an' threw the ashes out o' it, 
an' spit in the fire, an' tuniin' round, luhed Failey straight 
in the face. " An' so you don't b'licve there 's sick thiugs 
as Leprocltauns, don't yd " sed »hv. 

Well, Failey hiked ravlhiT daunted, but bowsumdiTir 
he aed notliin'. " Why, thin, upon my tliroth. an' it well 
becomes the likes o' yo, an' that 's nothin' but a bit ut a 

giisoon, to take upon yer to purtind not to b'licve what yer 
ther, an' yer father's father, an' hia fathur aforu htm, 
nirir med the laste doubt uv. But to make the uiattlier 
abort, seein" 'a b'hevin' they say, an' I, th:it might be yer 
gren'mother, tell ye there is aich thingH as Le])n;dmunis iia' 
what 'a more, tlmt 1 uiysilf seen one o' tbini, — there 'a fur ye, 

AH the ppopln in the room Inked qnite surprised at this, 
an" crowded up to the firenlaee to listun to her. Failry 
timed to htUK'i, but it wouldn't do. nobody minded him. 

" 1 remimber," sed she, " some time aftfier I married the 
honest man, that 'n now dead and gone, it was by the nimo 
token jist a little afore I lay in o' my first child (an' that '« 
many a long day aen). I was sittin*, as I sed, out in our httle 
bit o' a gardin. wid my knittin' in my hand, watchin' sum 
1)ee* we Lad Umt war gain' to trwarni. It was a lino suu- 
shiny dnv about the middle o' June, an' the bocs war hum- 
miu' and tlyin* biu-kwards an' forwarda frutii the hives, an' 
the birds war cliirpiu' an' hoppiu' an the bushes, an' tho 
buttbertlies war fiyin' about an* sittin* an the Sowora, an' 
rv'ry thing smelt so frenh an' so sweet, an' 1 felt so happy, 
that I bardly knew whare I was. Well, all uv a suddiut, I 
heard among sum rows of bancs wc bod in a corner o' the 
gardin, a ik'iHe that wint tick tack, tick tat^k, jiat fur all tho 
world at) iv a broKue-maker was puttiu' an the heel ur a 

Sump. * The Lord presarve us,' sed 1 to mysilf, * what in 
le world can that be i" ijo 1 laid down my knittin', an' 



got lip, an' etolo ovir to the banes, au* uirir beliL>re idl- it X 
didti't fco, nittin' riglit fon-nint mo, in the Terr middle of 
tliim, n bit »f an oultl mau, iicit u (jiinrthnr Rn big M x new- 
born eliild, wid a little coi;k<.^ hat an his head, an' n diideon 
in hi* mouth, smokin' nwnj ; nn' a plain, onld-faduotied, 
dbnib-i.'oloun'd coat, wid bi^ hnuiH huttons UDon it, nn bis 
back, an' a ])air o' nia«8y ailvt-r bitckltKi in hia xlio««, that 
a'mort covcrra his feet ihoy irar 8o bii>. au' he workiu' avmj 
M hard an ivir ho could, hn;lin' a tittle pair o' ptimps. The 
iuatant miuiiit I clajtt my two cyrt upon him I knew him to 
bo a Leprechaun, an' as 1 wiu stout an' foolhardy, ites I tA 
him ' tiod wivo ve honint man! that's bard work re 't« ot 
thin hot day.' He lukiid up in m_v faon ijuito vi-xvd like ; eo 
wid that I raed a run at him au' cotcb bould o' him in 
mv hand, an' aicd him whar^ vm his purao o' moa«r\ 
' itouny 't ' led he, ' vimwrj anaaijk .' an' wham on airtb ia ■ 
poor little oiild crathur like mysili's't money ?' 'Coint>, come,* 
•ed I, ' none o' T«r thricks upon thravollcrs ; docun't oTory 
bodv know that Lrprochauns, like yo, are all ns rich as the 
divil hinmilt'.' 80 I pulled out a kDifn I *d in mr poekrt, 
ail' pul ou aa wicked a f;io« aa irir I could (an' in throlh, 
that irno no aisv matthor fur me tliin, fur I was ns comely 
an' cniid-hiimoiirtid a tukin' Eprl as you 'd aoc fram this to 
Ballilort.')— au' Bwore by this and by that, if he didn't 
iiutaiitly gi' me his purai?, or show mc a pot o' gooM, I 'd 
cut thn tio»c oil' his face. Well, to be shure, thft litttn man 
did luk 90 frightt'ued at hearin' these Trords. that I a'iDost 
found it in my Kwirt to pity the poor little crathur. ' Thin," 
Bed ho, ' cwino wid mr a poupio o' ficlHs all', an' I '11 iihow 
ye wliare I keep my money,' So I wiiit, util! hoiUdin' bim 
last in my liiiud, an' kei>|)in' my eyes fixed upon him, wbia 
all o' a suddint [ h'nrd a «hir.-i behind mc. ' There ! there!' 
cries he, ' there's yer been all nwarmin' an' gom' aff wid 
thimailvea like blazes.' I. like a fool as I wa«, turned taj 
hewi round, nn' whin [ sorn notKin' at all, an' Inked back wt 
tho Lepreohann, an' found imthiii' at all at all in my hand- 
fur whin I had the ill hick to take my eyes affbim, ye se«, 
he dlipped out o' my tingcru jirt ns i» ho was mod o' fog at 
amoko, an' the larra thu fut ne iver come nigh my ganUiD 


Z\)i rtrrr ftrprrt^iiuiK. 


Mas. L. having heard tbat Moil/ Toole, nil oil woman who 
hdd a few acres of land from Mr. h., had accu LeprechaoDS, 
riiBolvcd to vinit her, and Iconi thu truth from her own lips. 
Accordixiglv, one Sunday, aft«r church, she made her appear- 
anco at JloHy'e rcsidouco, which was — no Tory coinmoii 
thing — extremely neat and coiiiltirtuhlv. As eho entered, 
every thing looked gay and cheerful. The nun ehono bright 
in tlirough tlie door on tlie earthen door. Molly was ai?iat«d 
at the fiir side of the fire in her arm-chair ; her dnughttr 
Mary, the prettiest girl on the landa. waa looking to the 
dinner that waa boiling ; and her son Mickey, a youDg man 
of about two-and-tweuty, was stn^uding lolling with his back 
aguinat the dres»er. 

T)io arrival of the mistress disturbed the stillnesa that had 
hitherto prevdiled. Mary, who was n Rreat favoiiriUj, hnJitcncd 
to the door to mtiet her, and shake h;iudB with liur. Molly 
herself had nearly got to the middle of the floor when the 
mistncipa met her, and Mickey modestly staid where ho wa« 
till he sliould catch hor attention. " O then, musha ! but 
isn't it a glad sight for my ould eyes to see your own silf 
undbor my roof? Mary, what ails you, girl ? aud why don't 
you go into the room and fotch out a good chair for the 
misthresa to sit down upon and rest heraett?" " 'Deed faith, 
mothor. 1 'm to ctnd I don't know what I 'm doin'. Siir« 
you know I dldu t see the iniathroia ninco aha cum dowa 

Mickey now caught Mn. L.*« eye, and she asked him how 
he did. " By florra, bravely, nia'aiu, thank you," said hu, 
giving bimBclf a wriggle, while his two hands and the anudl 
of his hack rested on too cdgo of tho dresser. 

" Now, Mary, stir yourwi'lf, alnnm*," said the old woman, 
** and get out the bread aud butther. Sure you know the 
misthress cun't but be hungry afther her walk." — " O, norcr 
mind it, Molly ; it 'a too mueh trouble"—" Ihroublo, indvedl 


01I.TI i.rD CTUU7. 

it 'a M Dice buttler, ma'am, u iver vou put & tooth in ; 
and it was Morv liomclf that mctl it." — "0, then 1 muaC 
tMto it." ■ 

A niue half fiddle of nhoIe-m«al brcAd and a pnot of ■ 
fresh butter were now produced, and Stollv help<<! the mi»- 
trriu with her own hands. Ab alie was i-jitiim. Klorr krpt 
looktDf; ill her tace, and at last said, "Ah then, mother, 
doesn't tlip iiiisthrcjifi tuk mighty well ? Upon my faikiiu, 
mn' am, 7 never w-i'ii vou luking half BO handsome." — "Well! 
«iid u'tiy wuuliiu't sne Uik v^rilF And niTer will she luk 
bottlier'nor be bctthcT nor I winh hw."— " Well, MoUy. I 
think 1 may ivtiirn the compliiueiit, for Mary is prattKr 
than ever ; and aa for younolC 1 really believe it 'b young 
af>fkiii you 're erowing.' — " Why, God bo th«nkcd, ma'am, 
I 'm stout ana hearty ; and though I luty it my»Llf, thero'a 
not au ould woman in the county eau titir about betlber nor 
me, and I 'm up itery mornin" ot the peep of day, and rout 
them all up out of their beds. Don't I'i" Mid *hc, looking 
atMary.— "Faith, loid sure you do, mother," nrplied Mickey ; M 
" and before the peep of dny, too ; for j ou hare no marcy in | 
you nt all at all " — " Ab, in my yotuig days," continued tiio 
old woman, " people woreo't alugabedii ; out airlv, home Uto 
— that waa the way »id thim." — " AJid useilii'l people lo M 
800 Leprechniins in tbim dayo, mother ?" said Mickey, laueh- I 
ing. — "Hould your tongue, you wucy cub, you," cnod M 
Molly; "what do you know about ihitu?" — " Lepre> | 
chniiiis P" Hoid Mr*, tl . gtadly catchinc at the opportunity ; 
" did people FWdly, Molly, nee Leprechauns in your young 
days ? ' — " Yea, indeed, ma'am ; some people nay tbey did, 
replied Molly, Tery eompowdly. — "O com' now, mother," 
cnud Mickey, " don't think to be gein' it unon u* that awny j 
you know you seen tliim one time yourdiff. and you hadn't 

but tliis boy '» always Isughin' at me about tiiim, and that 
raaki'N me rather shy in t^lkin' o' thim." — " Well, MoUy, 
/ won't laugh at you; w, come, tell me bow you mw 

" Well, ma'am, you eee it waa wbtn I wn jtst about tha 
ag« of Mai7, there. I was com in' lujioe late one Moudaf 



eroniii' from tlie roarkct ; for mj lunt Kittj, God be Dur> 
cit'ul to her ! wnuld kwp me to tokr n nip of tay. it ww in 
the Hutuiuor time, you att^. tan'mn, muclt nbout thu middle of 
Jiuie. ou' it was through th« tields I ome. Wi-11. ma'Am, m 
1 wns Bayia', it wtw lute in the evt^nia', tliat is, the nm me 
near guiu' down, tut' the light was etruight in my eyes, an' I 
come ftlong througli the bog-meadow ; for it wmi shortly 
ftfthcr 1 Kiw tniHTied to him that 's gone, an" we wor Mvia' in 
tUJH very houne you 'n; in now ; an' thin whin I como to tho 
castlc-fleld — the pathvpay you know, uia'aiu, goes riKht 
through tho middle UT it — an' it wag thin ax Sat' a field of 
whatu, list ulidt out, aa you '6 wish to luk nt ; mi' it waa a 
purty wi^ht to aee it waria' so beautifully wid erery air of 
wind thiit wa* goin' over it, dancin' like to the music of a 
tbruEih, that was iiingin' down bolow in tbc hidgr.* Well, 
ma'am. 1 crasst ovur the atylu that 'h th«re yit, and wint 
along fair and taey, till 1 was near about tho middle o' the 
field, whin Romctliin' mod mo caet my eyes to the ground, a 
little bcfun^ me ; oil' thin 1 wiw, m hutc as I 'm sittin' horot 
no ItsN nor t\tn-a n' tlic LrpriTchnunx, nil bundled tjigothei' 
like BO niiny tailyom. in tlie middle o' the iiath before me. 
They woru't haiiirncrin' their pumpa, nor makin' any kind of 
ii'i«! whatever; hul tlHrre Ihev wor, tho thri'c littln fijlijwii, 
wid their coiiked httlsi upon thmi. an' their lef,-* (jothered up 
undher thim, workiu' away at their thmde as hard a» mny bo. 
If j»u wor ouly to sec, ma'nni, how font thctir littlu ilbciw) 
wint OS lliey pulled out lluir iuda ! Well, every one o' thin 
had his eyo cocked upon me. an' their eyes wor aa bright aa 
the ej-e of a &og, no I cuda't stir one step from the spot 

bcLmen Lliik mncl » jouotfi' in ^^ AtilH« authnr. Wv tUd bat then r*c«11fct 
llw (DllOHiug Ysna of Miltun. 

Tlic willnjwB Bnd lli*^ limla fopm gntu 

(Uikil nr>i* III) taon be tetn 

FuDing IbcJr Joroni Inn* la thy Mfl liji. 

Th* •imiln tt the monn ■monn ibr (tan in the mmt plu(, n hin alius 
feuod in Ihs NihiilnngTD Dnl (<l. 385), ud to Bni« of aur old pot's >nd 
Hiuiuirr •»»• (Schirn i, noi» T), ihu it oetnn trfn M aiUDiy in Oiiinul 
poetry, lb likr mnnnrr r^innrni' «imi1i7 vf th« minvr, mtatioiMd in tbv i 
piKv, oaun iu PaliiiMs'i Slum ). 61, 

$83 cKLTm AMD cTunr. 

tor the lifo o* me. So I tunivd mr bead rouDi), siul pniroij 
to the Lord in his mnrcy to ttoUv^r me from tbim. and wlm 
I viut to tuk at thim ngin, ma'am, not a nsht o' thini ns 
to b« Mwn : they wor gouo Uk« a dlirame.' — " But, MoUy, 
why did you uot catch them ?" — " 1 «-» afeard, ma'am, 
that 'a tho thnith uv it ; but tnaybe I traa aa w«U widout 
thtm. I niver b'ard t«ll of a Leprt-diaun yit thatwiun't loo 
maiiy for auv one that cotoh him." — " Well, and MoUy, do 
you thiikk tlicrc arc anv Lriirpchauns now?" — "It 'a my 
DclitiT, Bui'am, tbey 'rv all K<"i'^ out of thu countrY,dircraiid 
cUne, akioff wid the Fairioa ; fur 1 nirer bear tell o' thim 
DOW at all.'' 

Un. h. haruig now attained her obicet, after a little more 
talk with the good old woman, took tier l«are, attended by 
Mary, who wouH ace bi<r n pintc of tho way home. And 
Mary beiu^ asked what nbu thought of the Leprechauiu, 
coiileHsed hor inabtUtr to give a decided opinioa : her mother, 
aho kD<'W, woa iso^wDle of tolling • lie, nnd yet she had her 
doubts if there wor wiirc aucii thtug« aa Lcprediauns. 

Tlie following talo of n Cluricaun, related by the vril«r of 
the l^grnd of Bottle Hill, is of a prciJiar cnaractcr. We 
have uerer heard auytbiug aimilar of a Leprechaun. 



Z^t LillU i\tot. 

"Svfw toll me, Molly." said M>. Cootn to Molly Cogaa, u 
b BUi her OD the rond fiif^ day, cJoae to one of tho ma gate- 
ways of Eihnallciak, " did yini ever hear of the Clurioaun t" 
— " Is it the Cluricaun ? Why, thin, to bo shurci ; afteu an" 
aftcTi. Many 'i the time 1 h'ard my father, real bis aowl ! 
tell about 'cm over and over ngin." — "But did you ever 
see one, Molly — did you ever ten one yminipli'P" — " Och! 
no, I nivcr seen one m my life ; but my ^piui 'father, that 'a 
my father's father, vou know, ho seen one, one time, an' 
cotch him too." — " Caught hiia 1 Ob ! Molly, t«U me bow 
WM that." 


* Why, tliin, I 'U toll yn. M_v granTatlKT, you urts wns 
out there above in thu liog, dhruwin' liome turf, an' tlii" |)oor 
ould mare vm tir't aftlier her duy's wurk, an' the ouM miui 
wiiit out to Ibc elablo to )ook nilbcr her, jot' to sen if tnn 
ttnit nitiii' her hny; aw' whin lio (.'omo to the stable cioor Ihi-re, 
my deur, he h'ard suiuthin' houuuerin'. hainmerin', hcuii- 
merin'.jisl for all the world like n shoemaker mnkin' n »hoo, 
and whis'lin' ull the tinir tlie purticnt chuiie be irer h'ard Jn 
Ills whulo lifv afore. Well, lur Kra>^'father ho thought it wm 
the Cluricnun, an' ho scd to himsilf, *cE he, ' I 'II ketch you, 
if I can, tui' thin 1 '11 huvo money iMiough alwuvH.' So he 
opened the door very quitely, an' didn't make a ta«t4> o' 
D iao in the wiirld, ito* liikt'd'oll about, but the nirer n tnt 
u' the little man eud ho wo anywhivre, but he h'ard hia 
hammerin' and whia'liu', an' so lie lukcd and lukcd, till at 
la«t he seen the littlo fellow ; an' whiim wa« he, do yn think, 
but ill the girtli undber the mare j an' there be was, wid hia 
little bit or an apron an him. an' bis hammer in his h.tiid, an' 
a littlo red night-cap an hi* nead, nn' he makin' a nhoe -, an 
he wan M> busy vrid tiia work, au'nns hiimTnerin' an' whiH'liu' 
■o loud, that lie niwr tniiidud my graii'father. till he witch 
him fast in his hand. ' FaJx, 1 have ye now,* enya he, ' an' 
I '11 niv«r let ye go till 1 git yer purse — that '» what I won't j 
KO gire il here at oust to nie, now.' ' Stop, stop,' says the 
ClurieauQ; ' stop, stop,' says ho, 'tiUI ffet it for ye.' So my 
fmn'titther, like a ?wH, re see, opened liiH luind a little, au' 
H)0 little weeuy cimp jumped away laugbin', an' be niTPr 
seen him any more, an' the divil a bit o' the purse did ho eit i 
only the Clurieaun le(t his little shon that ho vmit makin'. 
Au uiy grau'lalbei' vm mad enuuKh wid himself for letlin' 
liim go ; but he had the shoe nil hie life, an' my own niothiT 
touldme she aftiD aocu it, an' had it lu her btuid; an' 'twaa 
the piirtiest little shoe she ivir seen." — " An' did you sec it 
younulf, Molly?" — "Oh? no. my dear, 'twmt lout long 
afore I was bom ; but my mother tould me altiii au' altiu 


scomsn highlands. 

Api% old ilUn l^vnis optr lallLdh. 
A>id nevpr mon vlll mvt 4jaL 


I'otnms of Qotliic Fttiries, it woM ftppeor, roHy 
ntablishcd tbemselTea tii thei HiffliHnds, and almost eTerj* 
Lowlnnil, Qnmfin, nml Scitndinaviiui Fairy or DwarT-tcU* 
wiU there Ciid its felUiw. The Oat-lic? Fairiw are vwy hnnd- 
•omo in their persona ; their usual altire is |;re<>a. Ther 
dance and eiog, lend and borrow, And thcr make doth and 
sfaoeH in nn nmnxingly short spiuntt of timu. Thcjr make their 
raiiU upon tlie low coiuilry, acid carry off wonvea and 
cliildrcD i thcj fetch midwiTcs to asoiet at the birth of their 
oliildnin, and mnrtnl* hnvo iip<>nt a night nt the faiiy rcrcLf, 
and next moniiuK futuid tbut the ui(;lit Imd citeuded a 
himdrrd Tcara. Highland foiries abo take the diTcnioa of 
the (hast-. "One Highlander." cavn Me.Culloch,' "in 
passing a, mountain, hearn the traiup ut' huntes, the music of 
the horn, and the chcf ring of the huntsmen ; when suddenljr 
a gaJlaut crew nf thirteen fniiy hunters, dn»sed in ((''''(^^ 
•weep by him. the nUver boaaea of thoir bridka jingling iii 
tie niglit brocw." 

The Onel eall the VnirieB Dnoinc Shi'.t (TMMfw 5Aw) 
and their habitations ShiauM, or Tumhaue. Thf^e an a sort 
of turrets, resembling mas»e« of rock or hillocks. By day 
they ant inili.itiiigui.ihuhle, but at night they are frequently 
lit up with (;real apleudour. 

firownio, too, ' shows his honest face ' in the lligUanda ; 

' Aci'i*linl of Iho Hiuhliirili, elf- if, Z^S. 
f Mm of Peace, pcihspi llm StttU-folt, SuU-pRipIc, or nllin,! 
pMt}- or SpUt-pcopte. Sn >bo*o p. Xt, 


acoTTisu ui<int.i!n>s. 


tt.d the itiivchtcvouH nuter- Kelpie also ap[)cttT« tn h\» eqiilne 
form, aud steks to decov uuvarv poreoiii to mount him, 
that he mov plunge witd bis ricfn' into Ibe neigbboiuiDg 
toch or river. 

The liifrlilaodera have nearlj the nme ideaa as their Sbet- 
land neigliliours, rrapcctiiig the seals. 

Ihe Iblloviug legendiiwiit illustrate what we have rtated,* 

trt>t Jairp'ri inqutrp. 

4 CLKRorMAK was rehiming home onp night nftcr risitiiig 
a sick member of his coiigrfgation. Hi* way l«'<i by n lake, 
and aa he proceeded he was surprised to hear moftt metodiouti 
strains ol' music. lie sat down to listen. The luuaiG 
■ccined to nppronch uoiiiiug over the hike neeompanied bv a 
light. At length he dist-erued a man n-alkiiig on the wnlVr, 
attended by a number of little beincs, some bearing lights 
others mugitnl rum pnte. At the booch tho man dis- 
missed his atti'ndants, and tlien nalkiiig up to the ministi^r 
saluted him eourteoualy. lie was a little grey-headed old 
man, dreBsed in rather an lutusual curb, Tlie minister 
having returned his salute br^^d of nim to rome and nit 
beside him, lie complied with the reijuest, and ou being 
uked who ho was, replied that he was one of the Uaoino !^hi. 
He udded that he and they had origiimlly been ungcis, but 
having been Deduced into revolt by Satan, they had been cast 
down to earth where they were' to dwell till the day of 
doom. His object now was, to aaeettain from the minister 
what would be their condition after that awful day. Tho 
minister then questioned him on the arttch's of faith ; but 
u his viawerM did nut prove satisfactoi?, and aa in reneatjog 
the Jjord's I'rajer, he pertist«d in saying tMrt instead of art 

* Sea tlicmrt, Th« Pnpuln SupdrttiiiDni of ihs IlinliUndfn. Rrilabuifhi 
J823- Aa Mr. Stdwqri't molfl at mhrnlinj it ttnt lh« vtrj Wal^ V* hftv« 
lakta Ac libtvtj of r»-wrtUnf tni ibtidgini ths Itgnda. 



■a iratfu. ho did not feet himaelf jiutifi^ in boldinf^ out OUT' i 
liopvn to him. The fairy thoii gnvp a crv of diwpair ana J 
fluni; bimself into the louh, and thu nmiistcr r«»umod hu 

C^tPC VaintB '^'i t^* 14' ^tan- 

A VAKMEB nami-ii MacKillivrny, one time removed (niin tbo 
iiMgbbourhood of Cairjicomi in Strathepev to tlie fomA of 
UleniTOD, in which the Imirim are mid to rcridc. Lat« one 
night, an two of hit tiODH, Donald and Korr, wcTe in M-juvh 
of Home of hia sheep that had Btraved, tbey saw liffhtn 
■treaming from the creviccn of « fiiiry turret which in th« 
day time had only the aiipeiirance nf a nick. They dr«w 
nif^li to it, and there they heard ji^ and tveU plavod 
)u»ide in llie most eiijuisite manner. Bory was so fasci- 
nated that he proposed that they should enter and take part 
in the dance. Donald did all he couici to diiutuule him, but 
in vain. He jumped into the Shian. and pluujted at onc^ 
into thewhiriine inovemcnteof it« inhabitants. Donald wu 
in eroat perple'-'/, for he feared to <rnter the Shian. AH he 
cuidd do thor.-lure was to put his muulh to one of the cre- 
vices, and catting, lu the cuilom nas, three tini«s od hit 
brother, entrenting him in the moot moving terma, to com* 
un-ay and return borne. But bin entreatien were unbeodeid 
ajid be Has obliged to return atono. 

Kvery means now wns resorti'd to for the recoveoty of 
}i(<Ty, tint to nil purpose. Hia family save him up for ^o•^ 
when a IJuin GlivfiJ or Wise man, told Domdd to co to the 
jitace where he hnd tout his brother, a yew and a day from 
the time, and placing in hi» gunueiito a r<iwaa-CTM>, to cuter 
ibc Shian hoMly, and clium Mm in the divine oarae, and if 
be would not come voluntarily, to sciec him and drag htm 
out ; for the fairies wciiitd hnvii no jmwcr to prirvent him. 
After some henitation Donald aBsent^d. At the appointed 
time lio appruaolied the t>hian at midnight. It waa full of 
Kvelrv, anu the mcny daiice wa* going on u before. Donald 


•coiTtsu iituuuims. 887 

hftil Ilia terrors do doubt, but they gnve way to Iiib fratirrnal 
uirectioD. He entered nnd found Kory iii the luidat of a 
Ilkbland Fling, mid ruuniug up to him. seized him by the 
oolur, repeBtixig the words dictated by tlio Wise mao. Rory 
Bgreed to go provided bo would let him finish his daiice ; for 
lEhs hsd not been, he nssurtd him, mure than half au hour in 
the place, but Doiuild was tut'iorable, aod took him home to 
hiB parents. Jtory would never have believed that hi* half- 
bour had been n twelvemonth, " did not the calves grown now 
iuto stots, and the new-Loru babes now toddling about the 
Aouae, at length convince him that in hie single reel be had 
danced for a twelvemonth nnd a day." 

r^t eioa fXOlvrt. 


Nkuilt three hundred years o^, there dwelt in Strathup^ 
two tiddlers, Breatly renowned m their art. One Chrintniaji 
th^ resolved to go try their fortune in luvi'rneiHt. On 
arriving in that town they took lodgings, and nd was th« 
custom at that time, hired the bellman to go round aiinoune- 
Uig timir arrival, their qualifications, their fame, and their 
terms. Soon after thev were visited by a venerable-looking 
grpy-httired old man, wlio not only found no fault with, but 
octuallv offered to double their terum if they would go with 
hini. rhey ngrei'd, nnd he led them out of the town, and 
brought ttitnn to a very strungi-- looking dwelling whii;!i 
aeemod to them to be veiy like a Shiau. The money, how- 
ever, nnd the imtrpatien of their guide induced toem to 
enter it, and their musical taleuta were iuotantty nut into 
roqtuaition, and the dancing was such as in their hves they 
hod seror witnessed. 

When morning came tliey took Ihi-ir leave highly gratified 
with the liberal treatment they had reeeivt-d. It iiuri)ri»cd 
them CTeallj to find that it was out of a hill and not a uoutu* 
that tney lasited, and whim they came to tbo town, the* 
wuld not recognise any place or perton, every thing aeeme^ 


CELT* UTS Cntlt. 

HO ailered. While Ihey and the townspeople w«re in tnutaal 
araar.cmPDt, thcr« came up ft Tory old man, who on h«iuin)[ 
tlivir Htorj, laid : " You ura then the two mon vho lodged 
with my great-oTiuidfather. mid whom Tboinw Buuor, it wai 
vuppoecd, doi^ojFrd to Tonmat'uracb. Tour frienda wew 
gnntly Kridviid on j-our account, but it ia a huDdrod yew* 
a^o, and your uainea am now no longer known." It waa 
the Sabbath day and the bella w«re toUiojti tfae fiddler*, 
(ioeply pcnctiwtrd with awe at what bad oocun«d. enteced 
the t'liurch to join in the office* of nligion. Hmj lat if 
Bil«ut meditation wbib the bdl ountiimed lingtng, but the 
nionipnt that the minister oonuueuced tbo wrrioe tbej 
crumbled away into dust. 


CV JF'iro'EaAout. 

I^Iaxt ypnra nco there dwelt in Strntlmpcr ft midw^ of 
errnt n'jitito. One night juat aa she vna going to bed, aii« 
nranl a loud knocking ot Inc door, and ou opening it xbe 
■aw there ti man ttnd u gray hone, both out qf brmtA. The 
riH<T roqucbited her to jump up behind hiiu and cocao ftwar 
to asaiot a lady who was in great danger. He would not 
in-en conxcnt to hor ilopping to chiuigc licr drcsa. fta it would 
cnuM delay. She muunted and awa^ ther went nt fkiU 
Ntieed. On the way she tried to leam from the rider whither 
nhe vtui cotTig, but aII she could get from him was, that 
xho wniihl be well ])atd. At length no lot out tJi>t it was to 
n fairy-lady he was taking her. Nothing daunted, bowuvop, 
Bbe went on, and on reaching the Shion, ahe found that hex 
nerviecj! were rinilly very mui-h needed. She eijcccedcd in 
bringing a fine boy to the Ught. wliieh caused «o much ioy, 
that the fairies de«irod ber to nsk wlint she would, and if it 
was in their pnwi-r, it should ho granted. Her desire was 
that »ueceM niiKht att<;ud henit'lt' and hur jioirterity in all 
nimiUr operations, Tlie gift was conlerred tuui it euutiuucd, 
it yian said, with her grcut-grsodsou, at tbo 
of these legfjida wrote. 

i mxd tteuutuiucd, M 
I time the collector I 



0( S^ni borrotsmo <9almtil. 

A FAIRT cami* ODO day from odo of the turrets of Craig-iul- 
n&ic to the wife of one of tlte teniuita in Delnnbo, sod ask^ 
her to lend her fl firlut of oatnit-al for food for her f&niily, 
proniLsiag to repay it hood, a« ahe wbs every momeat eipect- 
lugnn nmple supply. The womnn complied with this request, 
aud after, as was the custom of the couiitrv. having regaled 
her with bread, chocso, and whiskey, ehe went, na was usual, 
to see her a part of the way home. When they had reached 
tim summit of aii emiiience nuir the town, the iHoTuihi told 
her she might take her meal home agaui aa she was now 
abundantly supplied. The woman did aa desirod, and na 
•he went along she beheld the com-kiln of uu adjocvot 
&nu all in a blaze. 

irtic JT'ics-CUt. 


A FARMiiB in Strathspey was oni^ day cngnred in aowing 
one of hia ilelds and singing at hi« worls. A hiiry liamsel of 
ereat beauty came up to him and requested him to sing for 
her a favourite old tiaelic song nnmrd Niqkan Donne na 
Sual. He complied, and she then asked him to eive her 
some of his corn. At this ho demurred a little and wished 
to kr)Ow what Khe would give him in return. She replied 
with a sigiiiUcant look that his seed would ueror fail nini. 
Ho then gave to her liberally and she departed. He went 
(in *nwing, and when he had finished a Inrgv tield, he found 
that his liagwas as full and an heavy as when he began. He 
then sowed another field of the same sixe, with the same 
rcxnlt, and »atislied with his day's work, he threw the bag 
on his iihoiildcr and went home. Ju*t a* lie was entering 


the bam-doorbo wns mot bj Kis vnfc. « fooli*Ii tolkatiTe bodv 
with n tonguo m laag, taid a he«d H coiphr M Um churai 
bril, who, Btruck viUEitho ai>p«Anuiceof tM iM|rafl«r adsjr'i 
tHiniu);, iH'gaii to ask him about it. Instauur it becsine 
quite cmptj. "I'll Uc thctlmth of }-mi,jri>urt>oluh woiiua." 
rMUVd out the fiu-miT; "if it neru Di>t for^our idle talk, 
tkst b^ waa wortli its weight in gold." 

C%( f lolnt Ar- 

The tacksman (i. ». t«nAnt) of tho farm of Auchrinehm Id 
Ktnithnvoii, whilo Rrnn^liiii)! oni; duv for bia gout* on a hill 
ill Gli-iJivat, fuuud himwlf Huildeiily envelopod id s dpOM 
iof^. It continued till ni^lit rantc on wb«ii he began to givo 
hiiDRclf up to dcdpftir. Suddi-nly he bpheld ■ light mt no 
grrnt illNtiino'. no h^iKtrncit ttnward it, and found thnt it 
priHVt)c!c!il from n b trail gi--Uicikiii(j edifice. Tho door wna 
(ijwu, uid he ontt>rt?d. but ^reat won his surpriM) to meet 
tlipr« a woman whose funeral be had lately attended. From 
ber ho lejim<'(I thut this mis on abudoof tlifi fiiirien for wlwio 
*hi- kfpt hcmsi', auii bin only (.■bailee of niil'i'ty, »he said, was 
iu bt'iiig ooiie^olod from them ; for whieh purpose sh« hid hiin 
ill a corner nf the npnrtinent. l'rr»ently in came a troop of 
Auriea, and bt^gan oalUng out for food. An old dry-lookir.^ 
fellow then reminded them of the miserlv, as li« styled hint 
tiicksman of Aueliriachnn, and bow ho elieatod them out of 
their lawfid nliaru of liia property, )tj uiiinff tome channa 
tanght liiui by bin old fninduiuther. "He is tww from 
home," said bo, " in soarcn of our allioa,* his goats, and tua 
family bme t»-glcrtcd to nso tho <;hnmi, to eomo let us bar© 
his wtourile ox for aupper." Ilio npertkor was Thomu 
lli'mer, aud the plan wns adopted with acelaiuslion. "But 
vliat are wc to do for bread f" criod one. " We'll have 

* " Tbc pwM ire luppaMil In bi U|><in ■ vcrj foeJt mulf nluulini vilh th* 
ftiric*, iDil poHHwl of DatE cuuulng will kuuiticdfs Ilinii llicii (ppnnan 
t'tt«*ks."— £Mmn.- tec WaM. 




Auchriachaii'e new bokcid broad," re]>liGd Thotnu ; " his irife ^^| 
ibrgot to cross the first bnnnock."* So aaid, so done. Tho ^^H 
OX waa brauglit iii and ulauelitered before tbe eyea of liin ^^H 
tnMtcT, wliom, while the faines wcrc! emplnycd about their ^^H 
cooking, his fricud gave an opportunity of making his ^^H 
eacape. ^^H 
The mist had now dcared away iind th« moon was ^^| 
ahiuiiig. Aiicliriachnu therefore bood reached hia honic. ^^H 
Uia wtfe hintaiitly prudui^ed a banket of uew-baked liiui- ^^^ 
Docks with milk and urged him to eat. But his mind was ^^H 
running ou hia ox, mid hia first question was, who had ^^H 
Hiined l]i« imttle tliat night. Hr thcu asked the Bon whu laiil ^^H 
dune it if he had used ttie charm, and ho onTied he had for- ^^H 
gotten it. " Alas ! ! " cried he, " my favnurite «i ia no ^^H 
niore." " How can thnt be?" said one of the sons, " I iinw ^^H 
him alive and well not two hours ago." " It was notiiin^ but ^^H 
n fairy slock," fried tlip father, " Bring him out here." Tho ^^H 
jiuiir ox woa led forth, and the farmer, after abusing it and ^^H 
thoae thiit iieiit it, felled it to the ground. The carcaae wadi ^^^ 
flung down the brae at the bat-k of the liouae, and the bread ^^H 
wiH flcnt at>er it, and there they both lay untouched, for it ^^H 
wa.i nbsrrvL'd that neither cat nor dog would put a tooth io ^^H 
either of them. ^^H 

€i}t Stolen labg. ^^M 

Joini Bor, who lived in Gleiibroun, iu the parich of Abcr> ^^H 
Dethy, boinp; out one iii^ht on the hills iu seareh of hia ^^H 
cnttio, mrt ■ troop of fiiirii's, who ^-enied to havu got a priie ^^| 
of Kume aort or other. RrcoUectiug that the foirio ant ^^H 
obliged to ezchsjico whatever they may have with any one who ^^| 
offers them onvtHing, howev<rr low in value, for it, ho flung ^^| 
hi» bonnet to tnem, crying ShuU tlo tlamu* them [i.e., mine ^^H 
a yours and yours ia mine). The fiuries dro >prd their ^^H 
boo^, vhich proved to bo a Satxcnach (Bnclish) lady whom ^^H 
the dwellers of the Shiiui of Coir-Ioggoc bod curncd awajr ^^H 

• a>r aboTS, p. SOfi. ^^| 

\ M 


(«bn AXB cntBT. 

jrom her own countiy, loanng « stock in bar place vlucl^ 
of coune, diotl nod wiw buriciL John brtu^ht her hOH^ 
%ni iliu livi-d f<ir manr Ti-iini in kti Imhuc. ** It lw{ipMudL 
howevetr, lu the course of tim«," caid the Qaeltc namior, 
"thtt tiw "rw kilty found it dcpcmotv to make llie snal 
roada through tlxoe coutitries bj mcoua v( aoldisn, fdr 
tlM purpoije of letting ouodioa and carriaKeB paw to the 
northpm cities ; and Uiom voldian h»d ouoera nnd com- 
nmniiurK in tho Mama way h our fi{[htina artaj hsre ixn 
TiioHe BuliUem were n»er fttM favourii«a ui tbwic onmitnt^ 
particulftrly durmg tfa* time Ihnt our bines vere tlite t oA 
contoqucntly it vu no cmbj matlur for taem. dithiur ofiean 
or niHU, to procuK for tUeiDMlvec oomfbctabla quMrtan." 
But John Itoy would not keep up tlic nattooaliaimosit/ to tlie 
wtiaa tkary (ii:^-coati),uid tic otTcroil areaidcnoc in hia bouae 
to a Sa^pon captain aud hiv ton. When there tht^y could 
not take their ejta off the Engli»U lady, and thtt son re- 
initrkcd to hi* fnther what a rtrong likcncn iho bore to bis 
ilcCt'ttOL-d mothiT. Thv litthvr ivplied thai hv t«o had been 
■truck with th« retwtiihhtiici-. uud stitil bu could almovt tmy 
•he tnu bia wife, lie then mcnlioucd ber name and tboae 
of aom* ponooa connected with tbant. Tho Udr by tbene 
words at onoo nwoffniacd bi-r huHband and non, and honett 
John Boy had the s&tiefHctioa of r^uuttiiiK the )ong-«opa- 
rated bunband and vifo, and ncciTing their moat gniebi 
aokno w ledgm ent».* 

• ThtTf It t •tmllar IrftfiJ in Siantlint'i*. At i iiriih wu il wntk in hit 
farf[T IaEv vn9 nrTilitg. lie hr*nl jtivtJL uttiliuii tput um ihc rouJ, nnil hy ii>« 
lifbi of the rvd'hol \nn iliat he vu Luniiiicniig^ he hw a ^frDoi&ii «faom a 
Troll «u driilng 4lonjr, Iniclliig ■■ hei ■* A IllLlf luun I ■ llldo iimn I " Hfl 
ViD oqt. piu ll>r ml-hol Uan betnctn lhcni» uiil lliuj d«Uvcnd Uvr rvoDi th* 
poT«r of ihp Tiotl (*c« p, lOR)- lie LaI her into \iii (]k>ijK ixid Ihfei jjj^ht 
■he vu delivtrrd of iwmL [n the loorning ho w^iLf^l on Wt hiikbhnj, *ho 
he (iippoHHl niiiit bv in j^ni ■Rliciien ii ihe )»• i-t hit mfi?. Rut to Liii 
•niptite he mt shtn, in bed, ■ wuoian ihe t*r7 iinig* nf hrt le had laied 
fniin ihi Trull. Knoning ■) nsa what >he niuti be, he nwi) an lie be had 
in hie hud, and cleft hrr »kulL- The inaEier wu toon eapUibid to the nne- 
hKttioD of ihe 1iuibHn4, mho gUdlj' rrnired fail ml wife auJ hex kivuH.** 
Thiele, i. Sa. l/niL 

KOurriHO iiiBULAii&a. 

etc Ci)anQrIing. 

A corpLB of Stratlispey lada who dfatt in whiskey that 
never paid duty, whifii tliev used to purclia«o in (Jlenlirnt, 
and sell at Badenoch nnd Fort Wiuiiun. were oik night 
laying instock At (.ileiilivut whrii they hrnrd ihc cliild in the 
cradle gife a piereing cry, juat as iT it had hcvn »hot. The 
mother, orvuurtte. blessed it. aod tlie t^trathB])ey tada took no 
further notice, nnd soon after set out with their goodit. 
They had not gone fur when they found a tine healthy child 
lying all alone ou the road-aide, which they i!<K>n recognised 
aa that of their friend. They saw at once bow the tluug 
waa. The fairies had taken away the real child and left a 
stock, but, owing to the pious ejitculation of the mother, they 
had been forced to drop it. As the urgency of their hiisinesa 
did not perinit them to return, they took the child with 
them, ana kept it till the neit time they hod occasion to 
T)»it Olenlivat. On thinr arrival they unid nothing about 
the child, which they kept concealed. In the courae of con- 
versation, the mother took ocuaainn to remark that the 
diecnae which hod attacked the child the laiit timo thov were 
tlioru had never left it, and ehe had now little IiopeH of its 
recovery. Aa if to confirm her statement, it continued 
uttering most piteous cries. To end the matter at once, tiie 
ladspniduced the real child healthy and hourly, and told how 
they had fuuiid it. An eiehwige nas al once effeclod, and 
they forthwith proceeded to dispose of their new charge. 
t'oT this puri>Dse they got au old ererl to nut him in and 
•oinu Btraw to light under it. Seeing the serious turn 
matters were likelv to toke, hi; re«idvcd not to await the 
trial, hut flew up the rmokr-hoU, and when at t!ic top he 
cried out that things would have gone very diffeivntly with 
them bad it not been for the arrival of their gueala. 

W BBnwIu)) AuL 

Tbbu onoe Awt\t on the northern coast, not fiir fiatn '■ 
Jin Cnt Callow [John o' Oroat't Jfoutr), a man wbo (_ 
hit liTing hv fulling. IIo was particiilnrly dnrutcd to tht 
IdOiiif; of tliu M-'alit, in whioh liu hud Kn^ot nucoeaa. One 
prening juit aa be had returned home from his usual occupy 
tiion, he wM c.illi'd upon by n man on honicWk who wbji ma 
utt«r slr»njj^ U> him, but wbo guiid that he ws« come on the 
part of a |;)erttou who » tslivd to iiiAke a tar^ jturcluse of Ma]< 
Kkinx from liim, and wanted to see him for that purpow) that 
*<!ry (-vi'ning. He thirn-fom disirrd hiin to giit up behind 
Kiui and ouuto awny without any delay, tlrg^ by the hope 
of profit he <.:onBL-iiti'd, and away tliey went with such ^Md 
that the wind wliiL-h wait iu their bai;ks seemed to be io uieir 
&CCS, At leni^h they reached the Tor^ of « etnpcndotu 
IHVcipioe overiianging the mui, wlirre bti Kui<^ bade htm 
elijfht, an they ■'rem now at the end of their journey. " Bui 
where," says he, " la the persou you spoke of?" " You "II 
MO him presentlv," said trie guide, and, catching hold of him, 
lie ptuneed with him i:ito the aea. Ther went down aiid 
down, till at iaat they eaine to a door whicn led into a range 
of apartments inhabited bv seals, and the man to hi> anuuc- 
meiit now wiw that ho Iiim»elf wns become on^ of tliear 
animolii. Tlitry »eemud all in low niirits, but tliey spoke 
kindly to him, and assured him of hie safety. IIls guide 
now produced a huge yaHy or jocttiley, nt sight of wnich, 
thinking his lifi^ wn« to bo taken nwnr, ho b<-gnii to cry for 
mercy. " Did you ever nee thta knife before ? " aaid the 
guide. He louked at it and saw it was hts own. which ho had 
tliat very day stuck into a seal who hod mndo his ctwape 
with it sticking in him. He did not, thi!n:fore, attempt to 
deny that it hod b<*n his prop«'rty. "• Well," said the cuide, 
" that seal was my father. He now lies dangftroaaly ill, and 
as it in only you that can cure him, I have bcmight you 
hither." Ue tlico led him into an inner n>ani, where the old 

Bcomsu UIOIILAnnR. 


BOoJ lay aufltrlug griovoudlv from a cut iti bU liiiij quarten. 
He wa* theu deeired to Inv bin hiiiiJ on llie wound, nt nbich 
it iimtnutly healed, and llie paliout arose halo Rnd soiuiii. 
All now was jov ojid festivity iu the aboik- or the seaU, aud 
the guido, tuTDirig t<) tlio nrnl-hiiiiU-r, aaiil. " I will now tako 
yow back to your family, but you must first take a soleinn 
ctatli iiL-vt^r again to kill a seal as loDg oa you live." Hard 
as the couditioD naa. be cheerfully aecepted it. Jlia guide 
thrn laid hold on him, aud tbev rose up. up. till they reached 
Vh« surface of the sea, and laiidpd at trie clift'. lie breathed 
on him and they resumed the human form. Thev then 
Diouatt^d the horse and sped away like lightning till they 
Riaehed the fisherniaa'a house. At parting his eonipnnion 
left with Uiin such a present as made him tbiuk light of 
giving ever his seal-hunting. 

(Hit Btabnitd. 

Two Brownies, man and woman, w«re attached to tha 
nnripnt family of Tiillochgorm, in Strathspey. The foraicrr 
was named Brownie-Cloil. from a babit be had of flinging 
clods at paseent-by; the latter was called Mang Vulucha 
(i.e., Hniry Mag), on account of her great qiinntity ot 
hair. She tvoa a capital honaekceper, and uncd iiiviiibly 
1o lay out the table in the neatest and baii<lic(it manner. 
"Whatever was called for eamo as if fioatinc through the air. 
8be kept a very ntrict hand over the niiiiila, with wlioni >he 
was no great favourite, as she reported their neglect of duty 
to their mistress. Vrownie-Clod was not so pawky, and he 
was coDstAntly overreached by the servants, nith whoin ho 
iwed to make coutmctn. lie, however, was loo ablu for them 
on one oeoatiiou. He had agreed with two of them to do 
their whole winter's threshing for them, on condition of get- 
ting in return an old coat and a Kilmaniock hood to whieh 
lie had taken a fitticy. Ho wmnght away manfully, and 
thev bad nothing to do but lie at their ease on the straw and 
loo^ on. But Dcfor* tbo tcnn waa expired they laid the 



coat niul hood for him in the burn. TU« moment Bnwvit 
laid faia m'es upon them ho struok work, luing the nuodi 
prcAzAd to thi« •vctioa of our rolumc. 

Martin dL-Mcribes the Broimie of tW \f e*t«rD I*lc« u > 
tatl man, and he toUa a Btorr of bin invislbh' directing ■ pet- 
SOD, At Sir Nortnan M'ljeoa'i, vho ww pUjiug u dna^aXt, 
wbi.-n: to place lu* mcu. 

Q1)C 6riA. 

TiiKRi >« lino in the nigliliuiilH a rmieb hsirr spirit, ■ ^ 

tile Urink. Tho following )egt^ud nill divplav hia nature and 
chariict«r ; 

Totho vrry cre-nt annorimcfl of a Iligtiland miller, and to i 
tli« injur)- of the mnchiuen', hi« mill, he found, tued to bo 
net to work at night wlicu llterv mui nothing in it to grind. 
One of his men offered to sit up, nnd try lo diacovcr who it 
wna thftt did it ; and, hsTing kindled a good turf-fira, tat I7 
it to wiitch. Skfp, bowewr, oTi;iuitno bim, and nhea ho 
awoke abriut uitdiiight, be aaw sitting opposite him a rough 
■h^g7 beiuc. Nothing daunt«d, he aemaoded bis uame, 
aaii WM told that it was Urisk. The stniocvr, in return, 
asked the nioa hia uumr, who replied that it waa Mj-iclf. 
The ronferantion litre ended, and Urisk soon ft-ll fsnt asleep. 
Hie man then tossed a panful of hot aahoa into hia tiaggy 
lap, whii'h set his hair nil on fire. In an agony, and wex*»Bh 
ing with the pain, he ran to the door, and in a loud rellin^ 
tone several of hi* hrrthren were heard to ery out. " nhat 'a 
the mutter with you ? " " Oh ! he si't moon fire!" "Wbot"' 
■ Myself! " " TlJen put it out yourself" km the reply.* 

• Told, trilboQl D>ruiii| Ui aulliocil/, bjr Uw Uta W. S. Rnc, 'a lbs 
Quuttrl^ Rericw Ibt 1831. 

uu or uur. 



ll<Hi> DUB h14 fma lluaa Ihil urIi Uiit nutn, 


" Tr? Iilc of Man, prnpli^d by C'rltn, and rnrly nnd frequently 
vi«iti-ii nnd colniiisnl by the Korthratu. hun nlnn it« t'oiries, 
which differ littk- from those of the greater iBl;indn htttncirii 
which it lies. An EngUsh gentleman, niuncd Waldron, who 
MMiidvd in the iaiund iti the evly purt of the litit century, 
vae curioua about itd Fairy-lore, and hi» has ivconled B 

I number of the loRends which he heard,* Ilia book, iiidui^d, 
hu bcun the chii^f soune whence Ritnon, Sir Waiter 8cotl,t 
Knd others, have drawn their iilustnitions of Enclish Fairv- 
lore in general, and thp subsequeiit iuquiriw ol Mr. 'J'niin 
hare enabled him to ndd but very little CO it. W« will bcn> 
roUte Mmf of thi-w) Ic-gt-nda : 

The great peculiurily of the Maiiha Fairies, nccording to 
Mr. Widdron, is their fondness for riding, aiid this uoC on 
little rtocd* of their oran, or on the Btnull broed of th« 
country, but on the (urge English aiid Irish horM», which 
are brought over and kept by the gentry. Xothin;^, it wm 
stud, wiu moro common than to And in the momtDf; hornet 
covered with foam and swent, and tired to desth, which had 
been shut up at night in the stable. One gentleman aHiircd 
tlr. Waldron that thn^e or four of his boat horses had been 
killed vith these nocturnal cxcrciws. 

Tbt-y called them the Good People, and said that their 
reaaoD for dweiliog in the hiUa and woods was, their dislike 
of thoTioc* of towns. Ilenct; tho houurs which they dciened 
to Tbit were thought to be bleat. In these luiusot, b tA at 

• Ttf«rrii>tinn rf lh« W« ftf Mjih. L«iidDn, 1731. 
f Tn hit RiH' "n I-'>lrir> in ihn MiniU>li]r sf lh« thiiiiiih Bofder, uiri la 
■b« B«tH «B t'tniil tf xht fxtk. 


csLrs iyo ctubt. 

piul of cVan wAtar wm alway:i lofl for them to bathe laj 
Good, howiTi'r, aa tbey vrrre, thvy tiawl t<i chMigo child 
Mr. Wuldron saw odo of these ohau;;elin!^8 ; it waa nearlt 
littetn old, but wu vuuUa to w«lk or even stand, or move 
iU Itmbi. It<i complesioD vai delicttU?, mid it hnd the tloort 
hair in ttie world. It never critd or sjwke, and it ate 
scarcelr anjthinR ; it rurrly (imilcd, but if any one called it 
yairy.irlf, it woiild frown and idmosl look them through. ltd 
mother, who was jtoor, waa often obliged to go out for whole 
days n-chaiin^, tind Iravo it bj itself, and when the neixh- 
hours would look in on it through the window, they almtys 
Miw it Uughiut; and iit p>>at dt-ligUt, whence thnv jndnd 
that it hod ai;reeBble eompauy with it, more eapecially as lei 
it be left ever so dirtv, thp molbrr on hpr return found 
with a cl«aD fnM.', and ita liair moely combod out. 

Cht JfxiTt)-C\iiifiimm. 

A HAK being desirous of diaposiiig of a liorne he had at 
thdt time no great occasion for, and riding hiui to mnrkpt for 
that uurpose, wiis nrenstf-d iti jiiisaing over the mouutatna by 
a little man in a idaiu dresa. who asked him if ho would 
•ell hiH horse. " '1 is the de+ign I am goiupf on," replied he ; 
ou which tiic othtT dcurt'd to know the price. " Eight 
pounds," imid he. " No," returned the piirchnaor, " 1 wfll 
give no more than seTpo, which if you wfll take, hero is 
your money." The owner thinkioe to had bid pretty fiur, 
screed with him, aud the money ueing told out, the ouc 
dieniountod and the other got on the buvk of the horse, 
which be liad no sooner done than both beast and rider auiik 
into the earth immeditttcly, leaving the person who had 
made the bargain iu the utmost terror and consternation. 
As soon aa he had a little recovered hiiUHt-lf. he went 
directly to the pnrBon of the pariiih, and related what had 
passed^ desiring lio would give liis opiuion whether he oo^ht 
to make use of the money he had toceiTed or not. To which 

uut or uxs. 


be repUed. that m he Lad made n fmr bargniu, aad no way 
eircuinvented nor endeavoured to circumvent the biij'cr, ho 
Haw no reuson to believe, in caae it vaa an evil spirit, it 
couid have any power ov^'r liiiu. On this asaurance, be went 
homo well Hatislicd, and nothing ail«rwm'dB happened to give 
hini any dimjuiet concerning this allnir. Thi« waa tola to 
Valdron by the person to ulium it happened. 

€riir JTflirp'Bnnqtirt. 

A MUi one time was led by inviailile mnnicionB for Bevernl 
miles together, and not being able to resist the hannony, 
followed till it conductt^d him to a large common, where 
were a zrent number of little people sitting round n table, 
and eating and drinking in a very jovial niininer. Among 
them were some fucce wlsom he thought he had formerly 
aeen, but forbore taking anv notice, or they of him. till the 
little people ottering hint drink, one of them, whose fefttures 
seemed not luiknown to him, plucked him by the coat, and 
forbade him whatever he did to ta«te anything he saw before 
him, "For if you do." added he, "y"ii w""'! be aa 1 am, and 
return mi more tn yonr fnnidy." The piior man wns much 
afl'righted, but resolved to obey the injmielion. Accordingly, 
a large silver cup, titled with some sort of liquor, being put 
into his hand, he found an opportnnitr to throw what it 
contained on the ground. Soon after, tiie music mudug, all 
the company diaappeared. leaving the cup in hia band, and 
he returned home, though mu<ih wcari<'il mid fntigncd. Ho 
went the next day, and commutiieated to the niiiiiBter of the 
parish all thnt had happened, and axhed his advice, how he 
sUonid diK]Hise of the cup, to wlueh the panon nrplicd, ho 
could not do better than to devote it to the service of the 
church, and this very cup, they aay, is that which is DOW 
lucd for the consecrated n-ine in Kirk llerlugh. 


t%r Jiiirirt* CfgrMlrnteff. 

A WOMAK r«Uted tlint being gmat with child, uxA cxprHitig 
every moment tlie good hour, tu she lay awake ouu iiij,'lit in 
her Dcd, eho saw seven or eight little women come into her 
chamber, one of wlmm hud an intiint in her iirni!«. They 
were fgllnwed by a man of the aame nii^e with themaolves, 
but in the hubit of a minister. One of tliem went to the 
pail, and finding no watpr in it, criod out to the othi>ni, what 
niuiitthey do to chrictcn tho fhiM? On whicb they rv'iiliod 
it should be dune iji beer. "With that the seeming panwo 
took the child in liis armii, and pcrformod tho cwrmonr of 
bapttum, dipping hid briul into n tiivat tub of strung bic«r, 
whieU the woiimn Iwd browed the day before to be ready for 
her lyiug-iu. She said they baptised the iufant by the name 
of Joan, which made her know she waa prcenaut of a cirl, 
a> it proved a few days alWr when she wtu oeUTcml. She 
added, that it wan common fur the fairies to make a mock 
christening when any porsou was near her time, and that, 
atoording to what child, malo or female, they brought, aucb 
■bould the woiuuu britig into the world. 

tnic ;f]iis-ntiiPP<nB< 

A WOUAX who lived about two miles distant from Bali»- 
Mll^ttld uaed to w^rvo Mr. Waldron'a family with butt<T, 
mid^ him onc« very merry with a atory Bhe told him of 
her daughter, a girl of about ten years old, who being sent 
over the tielda to the town for a pennyworth of tobacco (or 
her father, was on the top of a mountain surrounded by a 
groat number of littlo men, who noidd not suffer her to 
pass any Jarther. Some of them said abo ahould go with 

isut nr M&5. 


iWm, ftud accordingty laid hold of her; but otm-, Mcming 
riK>rp pitiful, d^nirt'ii thcty woiiM Ift her alinif, which thrr 
nfuning, there euam-d a qiinm-l, and the P^oo wlio UhjV 
hw jiml foiiuhl bravely in her defence. This so inranecd 
the olhore, tliat to hr R!vcn(fp<l on her for bring the cAiior, 
two or tliTBB of thorn Hewed her, will ))ulliti)i up her 
dulhes, whipped lier heartily, after whieh, it seems, they 
had no farther noHcr ovpr her, and nhe ran home dircctlj 
telling whnt hwl bcfulteii hrr, and showing her buttooks. on 
nhich were the prints of several email handn. Several of 
t)ic town'g-pooplo went with hot to the mouTitaiu ; and nhn 
eoniluetinit them to the bjmiI, the !ittl« sntagoniata were 
UOTie, but had left behind them proofs, as the good woman 
said, thnt what th« girl hail informi'd them wa« true, for 
thert* wan a great deal of hSood to be seen (in the ttonea. 
Till* did she aver with all the solemnity potaible. 


t^t JkiricVimt 

A Torxo Bailor comiDg oft" a long vovage, thnngh it wa« lnt« 
nt nisht, chose to land rather tliuQ Iio another night in tho 
veiuteX Beiug permitted to do so, he waa set ou shore al 
Douclas. It happened to be a fliic moonlight nicht, and very 
dry, being a emnfl Fniat ; hn therefore forbore going into any 
bouae to refresh himself, but made the bent of bis way to tliL- 
bouse of a sister he had at Kirk-iMrrlugh. Aa bowna going 
over a pretty high mountain, he heard the nulno of bmvt!*, 
the halloo of a huntsman, and the ftuest horn in the world. 
He was a little snrpri.ied that any one punuixl thoiie kind* 
of sporls in the niglit; but he had not time for much reflec- 
tion before they all panned by him so near, thnt he was able 
to count what number there wan of them, whieh he said was 
ihirtt-eo, and that they were all dressed in green, and gal- 
lantly mounts. He was so well pleased with the sight, tbat 
he would gladly have followed coidd he have kept pace with 
tfann. He eromcd Ibe footway, howerer, that ne might at* 


. and )Mt Dot tlie 

403 CELTS kTm rriiRT. 

ihem again, irhich he did more than once, 
«ouid of the horn for anms milp«. At length hiding arrivrd 
at his sintcrii, he tells her the Htury, who pn.-aeutljr clnp pcd 
her hands forjo^ that he was come home aafe; "for." Mud 
dho, " thony you sow vieecjiiirie$, and 'tis well they did not 
take you atvtiy with theui." 

(TDr ^itnirr uill tf)c ^nirji. 

A rtODLKB haling ngrerd with n person, who was a atnuiMr, 

for ao much mntiey, tti pliiy to sticni' (^timpimy ho should bnng 
him to, nil the twelve diiyB of Chrialmaa, and riKNrivi-d carncttt 
for tt> saw Ilia new maater mnish into the earth tho montMit 
lie had mado tlie bargniu. Nutliing could bo more t«rri8«l 
than waa the poor fiJcUi-r. Ue fouiid \u> had entered himwU 
into tha DevQ'a iierviL-L-. aud looked ou hinisdf a« already 
daimied ; but haviug rc-course to a clergymau, be rM<eivnl 
Hotno hope. He orik-rud liim, however, >« ho had taken 
i-amoBt. to ED when be should be called, but that whatovw 
tunes should be called for, to play none but ptulina. On tlio 
■lay appointed the same person appi^iirvd, with wbom Ita 
went, uut with what inward reluctance it ia oaiy to gueasi 
uud punctually obeying the niinist«r'a directions, the conu 
pany to whom rie play td were so burq-, that they tii Taniabed 
at once, leaving him at tho tup of a high hill, and ao bruised 
and hurt, though be waa not sensible when or from what 
hand be received the blows, that he got not bomo without 
the utmost difficult;. 

Zbt StiFnnoWncc. 

TuK Pbynnodderee, or Ilairy-one, ia a Manit* i;pirit of tha 
aamo kind with the Brownie or the Kobold. He >■ nid to 
lure been a foii; who waa oxpcUed irom the fairy sodrlj. 


T1)e CKUse was, he courted H pretty Manka moid wlio !ivi-d 
III a bower beneath Ihe Ihie tree of (ilen Aldyii. and therL-. 
fo«j yiaa abst-ul froiti tlio Fairy court duriug the Re-kollvt 
vooar yn ouyr, or harvi'Ht-moou. being engaged daneiiig tn 
the merry gVn of HiiBhcn. He is coudenined to rt'maiu in 
the Isle of Man till duDmaday, in n wild form, corored with 
long Hha^y liuir, uheiH'u liiu iiainu. 

He is very kind and obliging to the people. Bometiinea 
driving home tlie a)icc'p, or cutting and gathering the iiay, il 
be kfes a stonu eociing on. Ou one of these occnaiona, n 
tanner having eiprcased his displeasure with h'ln for iiiit 
haviog cut the gmaii close enough to the ground, ho let hiiii 
cut it himself the ue*t year ; but be wt-nt after him stubbing 
up the roots §o {a»t, that it waa with difficulty that the 
farmei* could cscniie havizig his legs cut off. ior several 
yeant no oue would venture to mow that meadow ; >t length 
a soldier undertook it, and by beginning iji the centre of the 
field, and cutting round, na ii on the edge of u circle, keeping 
one tiye on the HCjthe, and looking out for the Phynnodderee 
with the other, he succeeded in cutting the grn^s in iiafcty. 

A gentleman having resolved to build a hirge houao on hi» 
prenerty, at » place called Sholt-c-will, near llie foot of Bna- 
fielu mountain, caused the stones to be quarried on the 
bcaeh. There was oue large block of white stone which he 
wag very anxious to hare, but all the uiea in the pariah could 
not move it. To their surprine, the Phynnodderee in the 
courae of one night conveyed all the stone-s that had beeu 
quarried, the great white oue included, up to the propoH^d 
ait<!, and the white tlone is there still to be seen. Tlw 
g«utleiuftn, to reward the Phviniodderee, caused some clothe-* 
to bo left for him in one of bid usual haunts. When ho aa* 
them, he lifted them up one by one, paying in Manks i 

Eifcm dk'n oboine, dy doogh d>^ choinfl, 
OMat da'n dnejnn, il^ ilut^ du'n dre^fin. 

Agh my A» IhiU «oiley, tlioh obt ue Uiiat OIu n*0i BuOm& 


0>p for the bpul, kIw, poor head I 

Cokt for Ihe biu:k. lUiui, jxjo; Iwok I 

Umcbe* for lli« brtcli. ai«a, juxit brcecll 1 

U tliate bu nil tliiuu il-iiio niiiuut be tlio inerrj glou of Kwdiaib 

D 111 


csLTa ASD ciuar. 

.4nd lie oepartpd Trith d mctaDcIioty wail, uid hM uervrbeeti 
tiiwu uuu«. T)io oUl peonlo saj, "There hu not bwo • 
msny world auica be loat Eiia ground."* 


It v«a (hB Drntil'B priMjH, vho lu4 Ijjis 
III (imMioyii^aJ hirj lempttf mftrfet^ 

^M AbLldmn, Id lb* bsvoD of llt4 Ukv- 

Thb oldest ftL-coiuit we hare met with of W«bh Fwrwa m in 
the ItiDcnuT of Giraldua Canibreosis, who,ia theyoar 1198, 
awDm]Hiuicii Archbiebop Holdnin in hi* tour throdfih WhIm, 
undeiUkm for the purpoM of cxdting thr «-al of tlie p«ople 
to take part in the cruvade then in utult^inpUtion. 

Giraldufl. who was an attentive obaeiTcr of nature mid of 
mankind, has in tbie work given mway bvnutiful di.-9cri])tiou« 
of seeiiury, and valuable traits of maanets. lie ia liberal of 
legends of saiuts, but sucb was the taste of his ngc. Amoi^ 
hia nurnttivc-B, however, he givo« the two following, wbich 
abuw that there was u bulief in South AVales tii betngB sintiUr 
to the Furiea and UobgobUus of Bngland. 

CsU of CliBund- 

A BHOKT time before our days, a drcumatniice worthy ot 
noto occurred in thriw purts, which Klidurus. a priest, most 
atrenuuual}' affirmed bad bufnllrD himMlf. When ho «a« a 

■ Tnln, AkshoI or tht tils at Mu, il. p. KS. 
+ A kke, on whute buiki TklLniri miii«d. 
t TliMa Mi. DoiH Ibinki coirMrond u> tba 0«llic«M» rf Mda t ••• 

VAI.EI. 406 

!'OUtIi of twelve year*. — srnce. u Solomon saya, " The root of 
eamiog i» bitter, although tho fruit U swoet," — and wna 
fbUowiog hig litenuy pumiiits, in or(li;r to avoid the di«cipii]>B 
and frequent iitripea iuflii'ted on him by his preceptor, he 
ran aivay, and concealed himself under the hollow hank of a 
rivnr; and, uder fnsting in thnt aituntinn for two days, two 
little mcu of pygmy stature appuareii to hitn. saying, " If 
you will come with us, wo will lend you into a country full 
of delighlH ant) aporta." Aaieating, anil rifting up, ho fot> 
lowed hia guides through a path, at fint iiubterraueoua and 
dark, into a most beautiful country, adompd with rircni and 
meadows, woods and ptaioB, but ohscuri', and not iltumiuuted 
with the ftill light of the huh. All the dayM were cloudy, and 
the nights eitremeiy dark, on account of the absenco of the 
moon and starg. The hoy wjia brought before the king, and 
introduced to him in the jireeeiice of the court ; when, hariug 
examined lilui fur a lung time, he delivered hint to hia sod, 
who wa* then a boy. Thenc mpn were of tho sm.itlent (ta- 
lurp, but viMT well proportioned for their aixe. Thi?y were 
nil fnir- haired, with luxuriant hair falling over their shouldetw, 
like that of wumeu. Thev hml hones proportioned to them- 
kIvm, of tho bIeo of greyhounds. They neither ate flesh nor 
&th, but lived on milk dirt, niiula up into meues with aaflVon. 
Th^- never took an oath, for they detested nothing to much 
•a lies. As of^u aa they returned from our upper hcmi- 
aphoro, thoy repi-obated our ambition, infidelities, and incon- 
ataiidcM. They had no religious nortthip, being only, aa it 
•eeiaa, striet lovers and reverer* of truth. 

The boy frequently returned to our homisphero, sometimM 
by the way ho hail tirat gone. ■omt^timi^B bv another ; at fint 
in ooinpauy with olbeni, and allerwardH alone, and conSded 
bii secret only to his mother, declnrtng to her the manners, 
iiature, and statu of that people. Being desired by her to 
bring a present of gold, with which that region abounded, ho 
titolo, wliilf! at plav with the king's Mon, the golden ball wilh 
whicii he u»ed to divert himself, and brought it to his mother 
tn great haste ; and when he reached the door of his father'a 
house, but not unpur»ued, and wus entering it in a great 
hurry, his foot stumbled im the threshold, und, fulling ilowii 
into the room when- his mother was sitting, tho two Py£;miet 
Mued tile ball, vrliicb bad dropped trom oia hand, nod 




deported, spitting at nnd dmding the boy. On recovoriiu 
Irom hi* full, tyiufDiiudc'd with Hhntue, aiid viecrating tb* vfU 
«ouniii-l of liiH tnotlier, he returned by the usual tndc to tli* 
Bubtemuieous road, but found no nppcnntnce of soy pinnaio. 
though hi^ RcnrL'hiKl f<ir it on the; bunks of the rircr fnr Dnrlr 
till" npaot- of ft year. Haviug beau brought bai'k by his tnewtt 
and ijiothcr, and rrstorcd to his right way of tbtnklDg and 
bin liti-mry purtiiiits, he uttaitii-d in prun-ao of time the raok 
of priesthood. Vi'heiiever David the Sei-oud. bishop of St. 
David'e. talked to bim in his advanced »tate of lifo coDc(Tiiiii|{ 
thi* i>v«nt, ho could never ndatc the pnrtiruhira without 
ihcdding tvaiv. 

He had also a knowledge of the language of that Qation, 
and usL'd to n-vitt: word* of it hr hsd nndilv nc()uiri(id in hiB 
yoirngt-T days. Tbuite wordi. which tht- binhop ofteo ra* 
nested to mo. wore very couforniable to the Greek idjona. 
wTim tlicy aokcd for wbut, they »nid, Udor uditnuit, which 
nignilu-K " BrJiiK naU.-r ;" for Udi^r, in tbuir langtiagv, H 
well ua in the Greek, aiguiiieti trstur; and Dwr nlao, ui Uw 
Britiiih language, eignitiea water. Wlieu they want anlt, 
they Miy, Ualyrin tidoriivt, " Uring fait," Salt is called 
aAr in (iroc'k. and Huleii iti British ; for that langunsc, from 
t)ie length of lime which the Britona (then called Trojam^ 
and ailcmards Jtritonn from Urito. their leader) remajned 
in Orocct: nlWr the ik-ntnii-tion of Troy, beciunc, in man^ 
iiiklunceB, Hiinilar to the Greek.* 

" If," nay* the learned nrehdi-ncon, "a scrupulous inquirer 
should a»di my opiuiun of the relntioii hc-rc iniwrtcd, 1 anaweft 
with Augustinr, ' ndmimnda fore divina minu^ula non di*pa* 
tationu diA(^utii<ndu ;' nnr do I, by denial, place bounds to 
tlm Diviiiu power; nor, by aflimiiiig innoleiitly, extend tfaot 
])Ower nliich cannot be extended. But on Huiih ooua*iooB I 
always call to mind that saying of ilieronynius ; " Multa," 
\ui\a, he, ' iucreilibilia reperieB ct non verimmilia, quBnibiUH 
11IU1U8 tamen vera suut.' These, and any nuoh tliat might 
occur, 1 should place, according to Auguatiue'a ouimon, 
ninong tliow! things whieh are neititcr to be strongly amnnMl 
nor denied." 

* ainldua Casibnaila, IctatiulaBi CaDtoia, 1. L e. B. Uuukud br 




David Powel, who cililed tliU work in 1S85, tliioks tliat 
Ibis legend ia written in imitiition of the relation of Eroi the 
Armeuinn, iu Plato, or taken from Polo'a account of lb« 
gftrdeu of the Old Man of the Mauutaiu.* 

Again Girnldua writ«8, — " In these pnrta of Penbroeh it 
baa ba|i|)ed. ia our times, thiit unclean spirits have cotivt-rBwI 
with manliiiid, not iiidtn-d visibly, but oeiiBibly ; for they 
manifeslfd their prpsrnce at first in the house of one Stephen 
Wirict, ftud some time nflor of William Nut, by throwing 
dirt and ouch tluu^^a an nither indicate nn intention of 
mockerj' iind injury. In the houso of William, the spirii 
tued to make rents oiid holes in both linen and woolltrn gni^ 
ineDta, to the frequt-ut Iohh of both host and guext, from 
which injury no care and no bolts could protect them. In 
tbe houae of Stephen, which wan still more eitrnordiimry, 
the Bpiril used to converse with people ; and when they 
taunted him, which they firequently aid out of sport, he 
used to charge them openly with those iictions of them, 
from their birth, whicli they lenat wished to be heard or 
tnown by others. If you nek the ciiuae and reaoou of thin 
niatt«r, I do not take ou me to aaaiKU it ; only this, that it, 
u is said, used to be the aign of a sudden chiuico, rilhcr 
from poverty to riches, or rather from riches to liesolalion 
and poverty, as it was found to be a little after with both of 
these. But this 1 think worthy of remark, that placon can- 
not be freed from illuxions of this kind by the uprinlilinjf of 
holy Knler, not merely of thi- iirdinnry, but even of the groat 
kind ; nor by the »id of any eci^k'niiiatical sacmment. Nny, 
(b» prieats themsi-dves. when coming in with devotion, and 
forttfied aa well with the croHH od with huly water, were 
forthwith atnoug the first detiled by the dirt thrown at theni. 
From which it wouhl appear that both iia<.-rameatuU and 
iocrameiilH defund from hurtful, not harml«fis things, and 
&om injury, not Irom illusion." t 

* V(«TlilitlT indir>l ihai RMdimia, or Oiialdui rilhtr, (haulrf kuo« 40^ 
lfcin| o( Pl*tg a.- «f MuTo Knl". npiM-iall^ u llm Uuet nu ODI jcl Iwia I 
t fiuok I. dup. 13. 



db' 7pItDl>tb Crit. 

lit Uie mounMina near Brevknook, nys Davira,* there U % 
ani«ll lake, to which tradition ftssigne some of tlve propcrtitt 
<if tho fnklod ATtmiiiB. I Tet^illi'rl a Mnbina)i;t, or injtbo- 
logic tale, respecting this piece of water, which nuM thus >~ 

In anMeot times a door in a rock near thi» ]iiki> wh 
found open npoo a certain day every year. 1 thiiik it wm 
May-day. Tluine who had the curiooity and rr!«olution to 
enter were conducted by a secret paa(iaf>e, which lcnninst<:<l 
in a imaU islnnd in tho cviitro of ihtt Ukc. Hcrv the 
viaitoni wor« iiurpri9ed with tho jinwippct of a most eochant- 
ing i^arden stored with t)ie clioiceiit fruits and flowera, and 
inhabited by the 'I'ylwyth T?g, or Fair Family, a kind of 
Fniriri", wliouc beauty could bo equalled only by the courtoer 
and alTahility whioh they cnhibiti-d to thoiw who pteaara 
them. They f>atlicred Irnil and flowere for each of tti«ir 
giipstfl, entertained them with tho most piqiiisito music, d>a> 
rluml to them many secretii of futurity, and invited them to 
stay as long aa they iihould l^ud their situation aKieeable. 
lint the island was socrel, and nothing of its produco muat 
ht! curriod awny. Tho whole of thin nccnc waa tRriaible to 
those who stood without the iiiar([in of tin- lake. Only an 
indistinct mass was seen in the middle ; and it wae obsorrvd 
that no bird would fly nrcr thc^ wnter, and tlint a soft irtrsin 
of music at times breathed with mptunnw owcetnMe in llw 
brecKc of the morning. 

It happened upon ono of those annual visits that a mcH- 
lillioufl U'n^toh, v-hea ha witi about t» leave the cardrn, |>Ut 
a Aovivr. with which he had been preiteuted. in his pocket; 
but the theft boded him no good. As soon as he had touched 
unhallowed ground tho flower vanished and he lost his 
■enson. Of ihis injury the Fair Family took no notice at 
tlio time. They dismissed tlivir guests with their aeciifc 
tamed courtesy .'and the door was closed as u«naL But thelx 

* Mjlhglogj tad Rim* af iht Drititb thuida. 




rMeritment nm hi^h. Tor thouglt, u ttie Uie goes, the 
Tylwjth Tig and their garden uudoubtwily occupy the apot 
to thiB Any, thoiizh the bircis still keep nt a reapoctful dis- 
tance irom the lolse, nn<l some hroX<7U atniioa of muaic are 
'itijl heu,rd at times, vet tliu <l(ior which k-d to the ialaod 
hrm ni^er re-opened, and from the date of this sacrilegioiu 
•ct tho CvTnry have heen unfortunate. 

Some tune after thia, iin advent itroue person attempted to 
draw off the water, in order to discover its contents, when a 
terrific form arose from tlic midst of the lake, eonnnnnding 
liiiii to desist, or otherwise lie would drown tlie cuuutr). 

These Tylwyth Tfg are, aa we sec, re^irded ut Fairies, 
but we think improperly ; for diminutive size is an attribute 
of the Fairies in all parts of tlie British laleti, and Mr, Owra 
(in his Welsh Dictionarv, >. v.) expressly says that such is 
ucit the case with these oeings. 


Cbt ^iiitft at tt)i Van. 

HOitn tho mouutainB of Carmarthen, lies a beautiful and 
ivmautic piece of water, named The Van Pools. IVadition 
relates, that after midnight, on Now Year's Eve, there appears 
on this Inke a being nunied The Spirit of the Van. fiiie is 
drciised in a white robe, bound by a golden girdle ; her hair 
is lung and golden, her (ace is pale and molaiieholy ; she sits 
in a gold<?n boat, and manages a golden oar. 

Munv years ugo there bvcd in the vicinity of this lake a 
vouag ilirniur, who having heard much of the beauty of this 
spirit, coDcoived a most ardent desire to heboid her, uid be 
sntisiied of the truth. On the last night of the year, be 
therefore went 1o the edge of the lake, which lay calm and 
bright beneath the rays of the full moon, and «'iiitedniiiiou*ly 
for the first hour of the New Yeiir. It eame. and then bu 
beheld the object of bis winhesgraoefully guiding her f^lden 
guudola to oud tro otct the kke. I'Uc moon at leugtb iAuk 


nvn akd oTinr. 

behind the n:ii:iiatain», the stara grew dim 'at the m 
of dnwn, and the TiuT spirit wm on th« point of vanuhiii^ 
wbi-n, uniible to runtrain bimNcir, hi' cultod idoud to tier to 
Bt&j aud be bis wife ; but nitli & futut ury abc faded from his 
ricw. Kight nftor nigbt bo now might be e«ea pxang tlio 
tborox of the \aktt, but ilII in vain. Hin fann was negtected, 
bis pcrsuu wuBtwl away, aud kIoodi and melancboTjr wers 
improKited on hb features. At lenttth he eonfided bis secret 
to one of the mouatain-sngcs, whose oonnsel was — a Welah 
one, by the wntr — to aawiil the lair xjiirit with gilY* of cbeeae 
and brvad ! Tlie eounitel wiui fuUowed ; aod vn Midiunimer 
Etc the euatnoiuvd Bwaiit weut down to the lake, and l«t fab 
into it a Inrgp cheene and n lonf of bread. But all was vain ; 
no apirit ruso. Still he fuiii^icd that the H]>ot whov bn had 
laat oei-n htr ehoue wiTh more than wonted bn^taena, and 
that a muvical sound vibrated amonethe rocks. Bicouraged 
br th«M «igas, he night after nignt tlirew in liravea and 
eheeaeB, but Ettll no spirit came, At li-iif;th New Tciir'a 
Eve reliirued. He dreaaed biinaelf iii bis bent, look lua 
largest cheese and seven of bis white«t loarps. and repaired 
to the lake. At the tiini of midnight, be ilropped them 
slowly one by one into the watnr, uad thL-u remained in 
sfleut eipectutiuii. Tlie moon was hid behind a cloud, but 
by the faint light she gave, be saw the miigic nkifi' appear, 
and direct its toiirse for where bo stood. Its owriiT •tepiKsJ 
ashore, aiid hearkened to the jouug man's vows, and con- 
sented to become his wife. She brought with her as her 
dower itocks and herds, and other rural wealth. One charvo 
■be gnvu biiu. never to strike her, fur th« tlilrd time no 
should do so she would vanish. 

They married, and wero bnppy. Af^r thr«i or four rears 
tbey wore invited to a christening, and to thu Burnrise i>f all 
present, in the middt of the oeremouy, the spirit ourst into 
tcara. Her hviaband gave an angrv glance, and asked ber 
why she thus made a foo! of herw-lfi' Sbo reptietl, "Tbo 
poor babe ia entering in a world of siu and norrow, and 
m^ry lies before it ; why should 1 rejoice F " lie gave hor 
a push. She warned him that he had struck her ooc«. 
Again they were, after some time, invitetl to attend tiM 
fimernl of that very ehild. Tlie spirit now lauRhed, aod 
danced, and sang. Her husband's wrath wa» excited, and hs 




Baked her wliv slie thus made a fool of hornrlff " Th» 
bab«," elie sni<l, " hits let\ a world of siti and sorrow, and 
Mcspcd the misery that was before it, aud is gone t<i be good 
and liappy for ever aud e^er. Why. then, should 1 xcpp F " 
Ke gdve her it push from him, and ngiiiii she warned liim. 
Still they liveil Imppily aa before. At leiigtli they were 
invited to a weddijie, wliere the bride was yuuiig and fair, 
the husband n withered old miser. In the mid^ of the 
fcMtirity, the spirit burst iuto n couioua flood of lours, and to 
hiT huflbaud's aiigry demand of why ehe thu» iiiude a fool of 
iierseif, she replied in the hearing of all, " Becjiuse summer 
»nd winter eaiuiot agree. Touth is wedded to age for paltry 
gold. I see misery here, and tenfolil misery hereafter, to be 
the lot of both. It is tbe devO's compact." Forevtful of 
her wnmiiigs, the hiiabaiid now thrii*t her from him with 
r«il auger. She looked at him tenderly and reproachfully, 
luid said, ■■ You have struck me for the third and last time. 
VareweU I " 

So saying, she left the place. He rushed out after her, 
and just rcaohed his home in time to sec her speeding to the 
bike, followed by all her floeks aud herds. He puraued her, 
but in Tain ! his eyes never more behold bci'>* 

A» far as we have been able to leani, the belief in Fairies 
ia confined in Waled to the southern counties of tikmorgan, 

■ Abridged from " A IHf «l IheVin Poola;" MS. bTMIm Detle, tlioulbor 

irf *" Pbcnti" Kiidof *'Tbe Vale uf ihc Tumej," a m«t Jvli^hiful vAhime, W« 
hivv liiipv tvrrlteil Ffuiu oat giftr^l fricDd ifae fulIuAing fcrlililiontl isitmviation, 
" l^iure wTllinx thit l«ltcr. I hive hfttA ■ new vert^un of the Ltat pan if ths 
Sfilnl ur [ko Viii, The thin) offenFC ji Hid la be, llml ibe ind hi-r hiiibud 
mn pi/rvghinyi Ur piiiiof; Ihc |i1ouf;U, and ibe dnvrng iho hoApt. Tli* 
hone* w«nl HTnUff, and ibr biiahfind Inok ii]t mmribirtfE Anil tbrcwil »t iticio, 
vhlfh Xruck brr. 8bn vtiird ihp ptotiitb and wnnt of, fnUnwrd by XUt llurkft 
■lid hrrHf ibe hud hmiiRbc Willi ^Dr bi Vfti, Paul, iwbmi ihcyill variivhcd, ui4 
tho iTflTjt »/ Uir f}liiui/l'^iart It thavin oa liie ningiiuiii 4L l\,\t pmtDX day. 
Sh* left bci f^hild^u brbihd her, who l>c<siue fnuit^iEi m d«ii>n. Jon« wM 
Ibrir iintnr. >ud Uicjr lived >l ( plm allid MuddD. In ihcm nw Hid ta 
hive ori|Ein»ted Ibe tmdiUen of ihe *eteDih ion. or Septlmut, heiiiff bnm tar 
tlie be«llfi£ aft ; ■■ for nian^ ipeneraTlnni, tevrn vnt sen rr^iilarlT bom to 
eaeh familj, (he aevenlh of vhoiu betaD'e the dixtor, aud wni^dfrful tn hia 
I prefetaloD. It linid even now, lh*l the Jonn ot Mudilfl are, nr arn. until 

I Tfrj rtnnili, drrrr daelnn.~ — A. B. A wmrwbat diflenot naraiuc a> tUa 

^^ Irgfod ia fi>«d Vf Mr. Crokn, iii. 3M. 



CELTS jjeo cTuar. 

Carmnrthm, and P)MnbrokL% the psrt« into wl tcb tbo Sciioiu 
hud pi'iMTtmU-d fkrlheac, aud wliere they ot oouras had 
cxorciBed most iiiBiienc«. In th«»e countiiM the popular 
belief in thp8C being* i* by no mt^iins yet extinct, aod their 
Rttributn in the urt.-i*d of ibi' Wi'lnh peaaaiit are nmil«r to 
thoac of tli«ir British and Iriaii kindred. 

The usual njunr ipvtra to th« fnirira in tbeao pnrta of 
Wskis 19 Y D/noa Bac-h T^g, i. e. The LitlU Fair PeopU, 
Ell^ll, iu the plural Ellylloru alM aif^oifivH au df. from 
which word, indeed, it majr have beein derived. TTie bella of 
the Digitnlia or rox-ijclure are called Mi-nyg Rllyton, or the 
Elven'-glovea ; in In-lHnd. alfto, they are ouuTit^cli^d with Ibe 
fairies. The toadstools or poifiaaouB mushrooma are uamed 
Bwyd Ellyllim, or Elvn»'.food. Perhapa, howcTpr, it is no* 
the large ugly tLiailHtools tluit are bo named, hut thiMe pretty 
HTiiall delicate fungi, with their conical heads, whi«b ai« 
named ]''airy-mii»hroom« in Ireland, whcro they grow so 
plentifully. Finally, thew was formerly in the park of Sir 
Eohert Vaughan a eolebrated old oak-tree, named Crtrben- 
yr-Ellyll, or The Elfs llollow-tr«e. The popuhir belief 
respecting these Elljllon is, that they Ofv tbo Mula of 
the ancient Druidii, who, being too giKid for rdcigatian to 
Hell, and too evil for re-adniitlance to Heaven, are permitted 
to wander among men upon earth till the Inut day, wh«a 
they also will enter on a Iiigher state of being.* 

Tlie legends of which we will now proceed to (yi»e a 
TOPcimen, were coUeetttiJ and puh hulled in the tatU-r half of 
the eighteenth century, by a Welsh eluTiiyman, who aevms to 
have entertained no doubt wluttoror ot the truth of the 
adventuros contnined in them.t 

The two daughters of a respectable fiirmer in the pariah 
of Bedwellty were one day out bay-making with their man 

* For ihp (hiflf p&rt of aur knowltid^ m|wrLinf llw fadrj \on af Walas 
wt srr kudobml 10 rhn third or >i)]iplccorni4l volunitf nt thr Ftirr fjVfVikiU, tn 
wfaiih Mr. Cioktr. witii iKc iid uf Dr. O«o Pugh mil oili'r Wdih Kiialoi^ 
hw ^Ivrn k (Mtt vxduik u( iIk^ ftniwrnutiooi nf iliB propla M Ibo Priiiclptlitjt 
llian H, itv belJfTti, lo bo fuuuil nn t wliert^ irlio. 

-f \ Relilion of AppiriUuni gf Mplriu In ihe Cnuni; of MiMiniouih lait lb* 
Prinei|Mlil)r «f Wild, \ij llic Kt'. VjituA innet of iIk TiiNt. — Po on 
oiincu fiun ibia work we (rt Indcbltd te Mr Cnktt. 





tnd tnaid aervaut odA a couple of their neighbours, w)i«ii on 
a hill, about ijuartcr or n mile diatnot, they utw a largi.' flock 
of Kheep. Soon utlrr, tliey saw tliem Koiiig up to a placo 
half a mile olT, auil tlieu guiag out of their eight oa if thi^ 
vaniBhed iii the air. About half-an-hour before BuuBet, thi^ 
taw them ngnio, but uot ull alike; for »omo saw th('iQ like 
•henp, some like greyhounds, some like ewinr. and some like 
naked infaute. Tliey appeared m the shade of thu mounttun 
between them smd the huo, and the first sisht was as if they 
rove out of the earth. " Thia was a Dotabk- app<-arniic« of 
the fturiee, seen by credible witnesaes. The soim of iofidelitr 
are Teiy unrensoonble uot to believe the testimonies of so 
many witnes»es of the being of spiritn.'' 

E. T. going houie by night over Bedwellty Momilaiua, 
taw the lairics ou eaeh side of hiiu. Some of them were 
dancing, lie also heard the sound of a bugle-hom, as if 

1ieo[ile were hunting. He begun to grow afriiid, but twjoU 
ectu)g to have heard that if, uii seeing the fiiiriea, you draw 
out your knife, they will Taui^h, he did so, and saw them 
no more. " This the old gentlemim eiiicercly related to mo, 
Hu was a sober man, and of the strictest veracity." 

A youug luaji having gone early one morning to a bam to 
feed oxen, h lien he hiul done, lav down on the hay to rest. 
As he luv he heoril the souuu uf music approaeliing the 
bam, ana preiieiitly eauic in a large company, wearing 
etiiped clothes (some more cay than others), and commonoca 
dancing to their musie. He luy quite still, thinking to 
eeottpe their notice : but a wuusau, better dressed thiui tha 
others. caiDc up to him with a iitriped cushion, with a tassel 
ftt each cornt.'r, and put it unih^r hin hrnd. Home timi: al^r, 
a eock Wis heard to crow, whieh seemed either to surpriae 
or diaplpasc them, and they hastily drew the cushion from 
under hix he«d, and went away. 

P, W,, " au honeat virtuoui woman," related that one 
time, when she was a little girl on her way to school, ahu saw 
llio faines dancing under a crab-tr«:. As they appeared to 
be chiMreu of ber own sixe, and had small pleaaaut music, 
she went and joined in thnr exercise, and then took them to 
dnncp in an empty barn. This sho continued to do fur ttiree 
or four yearn. As she never could hear the itpuud of theil 
feet, she tdways took off her shoes, supposing noise to be 



of ssutll aUtura, looM 
green Kproo*. Hor gnait 

displfuaiiift t4> tliem. TLcy wcro 

ratlier old. and wore blue aiid 

father, n'lio kept itchiKil in tbl^ ]iarUb-cburch, lUH-d, when 

Eiiiti^ hunie from it l»te in the eveuini;, to »e« the fairiM 

dancing under ttn oak, within two or throo fields of tlK 


The leftraed writer (pi-oc Snoll? s letti^ to himself, from ft 
" pious joiiufi K^ntlemoa " of l>«Qbi£luhirc, djitcd March 24, 
1772, in whicl) bn infgrmii him, that about Gfteoa Jt»n 
before, 04 himHclf, bia tii>it«r, aud two other little eiHs wer« 
playing at tioou of a summer's day in a iield, tli«j' mw ■ 
cuDiuany ofdanc^ra. about »<r»pntjr j^anU from tbtiit. Owiag 
to tbo mpiditii* of tbiiir wliirlinK motiona, tbej could not 
count tbfin, but ffticaaed tbem at fifU-en or uxt««o. Tbey 
were in red, like »i>!dieni. with red bnndki-rchicfii Rpottcd 
with y«Uow, on thi'ir hiHula. A* tlii-v uvre Ruiuj; and 
woudurinc at tbein, one of the dauci?ra came running towarda 
tliem. The cliildreD. in a fright, mado tor an adjacoiit stilr. 
The girla got over, but tho bo)- wan near being oujurht, and 
oil looking luu'k wlira ovi*r, hn aan tiiif rt^ man sUvtvbing 
biaarmauiU-r liiin over the slito. wbii-h it would K*m be 
hod not the power to erou. Wlim tlicy came to th<- bouaf, 
which a-aa cuwo at hruid, they gave tlur alitnii. nnd |M<oiilit 
went out to Karck the fio-lds, hut could see uothiug. The 
little man was very grim-looking, with a eonpi-r-i;olotinKl 
fooe. I]i* runnioR^pace wm rathvr alow, hot bu took glMt 
stfldt-a fur oue of bianie. 

The following legonda were collcotcd in 1!)37, in tho Val* 
of Neath, in Oliiniorgiiiisliin!, by a kdy witli whom wft 
became adjuatntvil HbentravrUiug througn North Walea, in 
tbe preceding autumn.* 

AJi old woman anxuml onr fair frienil, that nbu one time, 
tnnnv ytvra buforo,nw the buries to the number of aome 
hunilreds. They were veiy small, were moiuilcd on liUle 
white boTscfl, not biggrr than dogn, and rode ftmr a-hrrotft. 
It waa almoat duak at the Lime, aud tlwy u uru uot a qiuvter 

* n« U;'i BABie WM WUllami. Tbt Icgradi mra «ifinl)f l»laoArf 
for lit piwDi sink, lini ilmimiunn* auiti Ibmi M tft** ia ik« i 
*«nul ivIiUM oi tbt liiili Fur; Ltfiodt. Wc kat* oWidtnl >k*a> 








cf A milo from her. Another old Trouian aniJ that hat 
futher had often tcea the litirica riding in tbc air oil little 
white horses, hut be never saw them eoine don-n i>n thn 

Cuiid. lie tim> usL-d to hear their luiuiu in the air. 8ho 
, heard, too, of a man who had been five-ajid- twenty yeun 
with tbo ffiiriea, and thought he had been anay only five 

Stlo< al tbc JairiF-B»n(r. 

ItiiTB and Llewellyn, two farmer's servants, who had hern 
all day ciirryiiig lime for thelrnmati-r. were driving iii the 
twilight their uiouutuiu jjoniea before theiti, returuiiig home 
from their work. On reaeiiing a Uttlo plain, Ithys c^lod to 
his conjpanioii to stop and listen to the music, saying it was 
a tuseto «hieh he had danced a hiuidred times, auii i.iust go 
and have a dance now, lie hade hiju go on vith the horses, 
nnil he would soon overtake him. Llewellyn could hear 
nothing, and begnn to remonstrate ; but awuy 8|}raiig Ubys, 
and he called afber him la vain. He went home, put up the 

Eonies, ate his skipper, and went to bed, thinking that Ithya 
ud only iiindc a pretext for going to the alc-Rouee. Itut 
when morning came, and still no sign of Rhys, he told hia 
mimter what had occurred. Search was then made every- 
where, but no Rhrg could be found. Suspicion now fell 
Upou LlewelKii of having murdered him, and he was Ihroun 
into prison, though there wan uo evidence against him. A 
famier, however, skillod in fairy-matters, havuig an idcJi of 
how things Biigbt have been, pronoscd that himsi-lfiuid boiuo 
ttliers should accompany LIuwellj'n to the plaeo where ho 
parted with Khys. On coming to it, they found it groci) njs 
the mountain ash. " Hush ! " cried Llewellyn, " I hear 
music, I bear sweet harps." We all listened, says the 
uarrntor, for I was one of them, but couM hear nothing. 
" Put your foot on mine. Dsvid," (uiid he to nie (his own 
foot was at the time on the oulnnrd edge of the fairy-riiiR). 
1 did so, and w> did we nil, one alU'r another, nnd then we 
heard Ibo auuiid of many harps, and saw within n circU) 

nliout twenty tt-et acrow, Erent nunilu^ra of Hlt.e people, ol 
tim Kixe of i^liildivu of tnree or four vi-im ulJ, dftDaag 
round aiid rouDd. AmoDgthciii wo uw lOiys, and Lleirelhm 
eatcliing him by tlie imock-friK-.k, lu lit' ciuiic by hliik, puUra 
liiiii out of the cinde, " Whero are the bone* ? whi-ro wo 
tlie horses?" cried he. "Horses, indeed t" eaid I>ii'«eUyn. 
lilies urged him to go homr, nnd let him finish his d«noe, in 
which he nveiTt.'d Iil' had not been engaged moro t^u^ lire 
uiiuutoB, It waa by main force they took hiin froio tUc 
pluce. He still asserted ho hftd been only five miuutea awar, 
luid could give no account of the people he had bocn witk. 
He became mclaucholr, took to hia Ded, and goon after died. 
'■ The utoruing after, says the iiarrator, " wo went to loolc 
nt the nliioc, and we founo the edge of the ring miit« red, m 
il' Iniddcu down, and 1 could aee the marks of tittle becfa^ 
about tlio aize of my thumb-uaiL" 

Stito »Kt%. 


OtTTO B*cB,* who was a fine boy, used often to ramble to 
the top of the mountwii to look at>rr hit father'* «li«op. On 
hU n-tiirn, he would ohow bin brothers and aistera jmccrs 
of remarkably white paper, like crowa-pieoes, with letters 
slaniped upon them, which he said wore given him by the 
tittle childrvn with whom br used to play on the mountain. 
One day he did nut rtftiuii, and during two whole yean di> 
account could be got of him, and the other children were 
beginning to go up the mountnin, and bring bock «om« of 
thnee white crawii-pictfo. At Ic^nglh, one iiioniiti^. a« tbctr 
mother opened the door, alie eaw Uitto sitting on (be 
threshold, with a bundle under hia arm. lie was dre*»cd, 
and looked exactly na when ehe lust had si^eo liiui. To licr 
inquiry of wiiere he had beeu fi)r NO long a time, he replied 
that it was only the day before be had lelV her-, and ho Dad* 
ber look nt the pretty dothos the little cbildnm on tbe 
muuntain bud giveu hiui fur douciug with them to the n:iaic 

• Oilto i> Dm dli* I 3nfl>>> • «acA {btg tr.) » UtU*. 



of llifir hiirpti. The dress in the bundle wns of ven- while 
I>aper, without ietUQ or sewing. The prudeut mother com- 
viitted it to the flamcig. 

"This," Mid the narrator, "made me more iraiioiis thnn 
ever to eee the lairiee," and his wish was gratified b/ n 
gipsy, nbo dirootf'd him to tiDd a four-Ieavod clover, and 
put it with nine c^min^ of wheat oa the leaf of a book which 
•he gave him. She tiieii desired him to meet her neat nigbt 
by moonlight on the top of Craig j Diuia, 8)ie the«« 
waslied hie eyea with tlie contents of a phinl which she had. 
and he instantly saw tUouaanda of tairiea, all in white, 
dancing to the souudi of numerous harpH. They then 
placed themselves on the edge of the hill, and sitting down 
mid putting their hands roviiul their knees, they tumbled 
down one after another, rolling head-over- heels till they 
disappeared in the Talley. 

A nother old man, who wna present at the preceding narra- 
tioD, averred that he had often sei^n the fairies at wnterfnlls j 
particidarly at that of Sewvd yr Khyd In Cwm Pergwm, 
Vale of JJentli, where a roiia run* between the fall ana the 
rode. Ah he stood behind the fkll, thev appeared in all the 
colours of the rainbow, and their music mingled with thu 
nwse of the water. They then retired into a cavern, whii-li 
they had mnde in the rock, and, after enjoj-iog themselvei 
there, ascend vd the rock, and went off through the moim 
tains, the sounds of their harps dying away as the)- recnlcd. 

CI|c ^airlci U,iiiUf)rli. 

OsB of those old farm-ho\iscB, where the kitchen and cow. 
bouse are oa the same lloor, with only a low partition 
bi-twcten them, was haunted by the fairies. If tlie fnmilj 
«-ere at their meals in the kitchen, the// were racketing in 
the oow-hou»o, and if the people were engaged about Iho 
cowa, the fairies were making a riot in the Kitchen- Ono 
iaj, wheo a parcel of reapers wero at their hwrcaUdiniict 

■ ■ 


Oat.ra AKV OTltHT. 

in the kitchen, the elreo, vho ver« lattghing And dancing 
above, threw dovn such > ijuftntitv of dust oDd dirt m 
aaite upoitcd the ilinner. While the mistrvM of th« bouM was 
'n perpkaily about it, there came in &u old woman, who, on 
h«anng the ciuo. said *he could provide a remedy. She Uvea 
totd hiT ill n whisper to auk 9>ii of thv recutcra to dinner n«it 
day iu the hearing of tli« fairieii, aad ouly to make u much 

n'dine a« ooula be boi)ed iii an egg-shell. She dtid m 
ctcil, and whrn thr fairia auw that a dinnrr for lii men 
waa put down to boil iit au eitK-obt'll, ther« waji great Bttr 
•ad Doiae in the cow-house, and at longth one angrv voice 
wu hnrd to »y, " We have lived long in thin world ; we 
were bom juat afW the earth waa made, and bdora tho 
acorn was planted, and yet we never saw a harreet-d inner 
dreued in an «gff>«heU ! Thrre muit bo aomething wroau 
iu thia houiie. aud we will stop here no luuger." They wnrt 
away and never returned. 

The fairic* arc «aid t^ tako away children, and Imt» 
dutoguliiig*.* They also Rive |>ieu>a of money, one of which 
is found eveiy day iu tho same place aa loug aa the Under 
korps hia Kood fortane a tccri't. One pet-uliarity of the 
(.'nmbnon lairie* i*, tliat «very I'^ridav night thi-v ouub the 
goata' hearda " to make ihoiu decent lor Sunday. 

We hear not of Browniua or Kobolda tn the Welsh 
houses now. but Puck used to haunt Wales aa weU aa 
Ireland. Hia Welsh nnme, fwcca, ia the same m his Irish 
one. Iu Hrecou there is Cwfm Pwcc»,or Puck'a Glen, and 
though an iron-foundry haa in a great meaauie scared lum 
from it. yet he occasionally mnkvH his appoanuce. Aa a 
man waa returning one night from hia work, he aaw a lieht 
before him. and thought he discerned some one that earned 
it. Bupponng it to be one of his feUov-wnrkincn with a 
lunthom, ho qtiii.-keti(>(l hia ptu» to como up with him, 
wondering all the while how so short a man aa be appearMl 
to be could get over tho ground so £ast. ILe also unciMl 
ho waa not going the right war, but 
iriu> had the light muat know beat. 

xtjll thought 
At laat, he 

that bo 




bbittakt. 410 

ttitli Mm, and found UimBolf on the very edge of one of tliv 
urecipicsB of Cwm I'wcca. down which unothep step would 
nave carried liitu. The Pwcua. for it was ho, spraug aver 
the glen, turned round, held the tight &bove hia head, aud 
theD with a loud Inugh put it out and vanished. 


Hoi mt Hii- nnbin 1l4njii 
CIl ii Unuln* U Bniun, 

Mtu* D> PUMl. 
Till** uldA BOuUl Bnibnu [u bir dtjm 

BiimiTT, the aiioienl Aniiorica, retina perliapa aa un- 
tniied a population ad ajiy part of We»tom J^urope. Its 
[ftnguage lias been, however, like the W«liih nnd the Ctiltii' 
diaWts, greatly ofibcted by the Latin and Teutonic. Tliu 
aui-ieot intorcourae kept up with Wales and Comwnll by 
the Bretons, who were in a great Diciuiurc coioriiMi from 
these pnrt« of BritnJn, caused the troditiunii and [loctry of 
the lutter to be current and fauiliur iu Little Britain, a« 
that eouiitrv was then eulled. To poetry and music, indeed, 
the whole Celto-Cymric race eeeni to have been Ktrongly 
addit-'ted ; and, independently of the inBteriuIn which Brit- 
tany may have supplied for the history of Geolf'rey of 
Monmouth, many other true or romnntio adventumi weiv 
narrated by the Breton poets in their Lain. Several of 
these Lais were translated into FrtMich vrr»e in tho 
thirteeutli century by a poetess named Marie de France, 
resident at the i-ourt of the English uionarchs of the house 
of I'lantagonet. to one of whom, probably Henry the Third, 
her Lais ore dedicated.* This drcumatiinec may aceount 

• Pe&icade Mute ds nu»,p*r Dn lt<^qIlcf□ri. Pirii, 1830. If in;: sno 
•Tioiild iijipvel thftt Ui»e ve ttM gcnuinci (ruiiInEic^iia (rum iha Bnlort, hi* 
donbu oill be Jiapcilril Iij imliuE Ibe Drigiua] nf lbs L*l du LuiKlv in th* 
Buiu-Bnii It '24} ^nKDlIf la ba nsUcsd, ■ ■ 1 


exLT* un> cniRr. 

fur tlio Lata bciug better known in Englaml than Ln FraoM. 
Tlio only manuscript contsining any number of them ia to 
th» llnrlciati l.ihmrr; for those of P'rnncc contain but firA 
Lais. The Lai Ju l^reene was tntiitiktirc] into En^lisli ; aud 
from the Lai de Lanval and Lai dt- Grat^leut^ which last bf 
thp way in not in the H»rlcinn Collection— Chcrtro mad« 
His LtLunfal Iklilrs, or Sir Liiunfal ('huutvr pcrhapi took 
tfio (Mncliiding circimiHtance of lus Dreain froui tlio Lai da 

In aoma of thewj f^ais we meet with whnt may bo iTj{ardod 
AH Fairy mauliineiy. The word Fc't), indt-fiJ, occura only 
once;* but in ths Laia de Ougt-mer, de Lau\al, d'Twenee 
and do Grnclont, pcrsonafctt are to be met with differing in 
nothing from the Fnys of Bomancc, and who, liko them, 
appear to be human beings endowed with euperlor powen. 

The origin of the Brctun Korrigau, aa they areoilled. has 
liei-n aoiiRht, and not improbabtj-, in the tialUc«D»t oi 
aneient Oaiil, of whom Fompouina Mela thus write* :— 
" 8t!ua4 in the British sea, npjio&ite the Olismiciui eowt> is 
ri>markable for an orade of tlie Oallie Ood. Its prie«t«swa, 
holy in perpetual virginity, are said to be nint m number. 
They are called GaUicen«, and arc thought to bo endowed 
with Biumilar powers, so as to mi«e bv their cliarms the 
winds ana seas, to turn Ihe-mtehft into whatanimaU tk^g irHI, 
to cure woTinds aad diseases incurable by others, to know 
and predict the future ; but t)iis they do only to navigulur* 
who go thithrr pitrpotiu'l^' ti> couHult th«m."§ 

We hove here ccrtfiiuty all the attributes of tho Damoi- 
ai^llra of the Luis of Iilarie de i'Vnneo. The doe whom 
Ougemer wituiids sjieaks with n human voice. The lady wbn 
lo<rea Lnural took him away intu an island, and Grnolcut and 
Ilia mistresji crosiied a deep and brond river to arrive at her 
eimntry, wbichperhnpa was alsri an iiihitid in th« original 
itretoD Lai. Tlio part most difficult of eiplanation is the 
M-crat manner in which these damos used to viait their 

• Pit ihnTT.p, 21. 
t Tha Ku-Rman £vrTir/nn or Kotrtffiecn diff<r», u w« nuw ler, bnl 
llitlt tnm (laUicaiL. Rinba (i. f .SD4) a;* Ibtl DoncMt uiil Xara rrn 

VWvhlppcJ iu ui inhttd itt theH t^ru. 

( Beeii i» ■uppcMftl Co br 1/tttr< dir» ftainii. oht!]' oppoHtc Dr**L 
{ Punip. .Mfli, lii. S. 




■overa; but perhaps the key is to be found in the Lig 
d'Vwenetf, oT wliioh, diiufl; on that account, we give ao 
annlysis. Tbo hero of th&t Lai differs oot iu point of puwev 
from these ladies, and as he ia n renl inau, witli the power 
of assuming at will the shnpe of it bird, so it in lilccly they 
were ir<al womeu. and that it waa in the bird-3bu|)e thf_> 
entered the chambers of their lovera, Graeleut's uiiatresH 
eaj's to liim," 

I aliali love yon trewalj ; 
But one tiling I forliiil Htmitif, 
Tou muHt Dot utter * word Mi^rte 
WUich might our lovo nuke iieaiiirte. 
1 »i!l pvo imlo you rich]f, 
Golil and ^ili'erH rlotLi^ uid feo^ 
Much lore shall be between ua two — 
Kight luid da; I'll go to you : 
Tou 11 see mo come lo you alwiy— 
With mo laugh uid talk you may. 
You vLaII no conuikda have to Bt;<v 
Or who shall know my primcy. 

■ * fe B 

Ttke nuv now that tou do not bout 
Of III iugi bj whiuh I luaj be luaL 

The ladj snys to LtmTal, 

When you vould iipe^ to me of oughts 
Tou mtut In no phiod tona Uie thought 
Where no one could meet his uiite 
Without rqirooph and « Jliiinie — 
I vlll hf preecntly with you, 
■ All your command* rtndj to do; 

Ko una but you will nic we, 
Or hear Uia word* thun oumg ftvm me. 

Rhe also had previoiul/ imposed on the knight th« obliga* 
tiou of Becreay. 

As a further proof of the identity of tho Korrigan and 
the Gnllicenie, it may be remarked, that iu the eridently 
ver; ancient Breton poem, Ar>Banuou, or The Serieai we 

* I( nilfhl wcm Lirdty DimHry to infnnn ih« rraHnr thai iIimb nnn 
•ad thow tlui folloir, an aiir own inoilalinnt, fnna Ku\t it Pnaw, T*l 
now btx ukcn tbtm for old Rajllifc nnH. 

etvta Axo 

meet tbp followinj* pnsuKgp: — "TTiena are «^ Eornsni, 
who cUnce, with (fowtrra in their liBir, and robe* at *n i» 
wool, srouiul the fouotuii, hy tbe light of tho fall hmmo.' * 

I u*l In Ihniiitlit uiil purjwM loo. 
Of YwaiMc to tvllnii ynit-^ 
Uf whom he biini vrius hk ■![«'« fiuu*. 
How Qnt lio to l>i* uiuthw cams. 
lie who did beget YvciiM 

Ttiere formerly lircd in Rritnin n man who waa rich ttoA 
old. He waa Aroe* or pivcnior »if Cwrweiit on the 
Uo^U, and lord of the surroutidlu^ couutrjr. Deuirous of 
hftrmg an heir to his estates, he eapousoi] a mfiidon ** oour- 
teAiis and angc, and pniuing ftiir." Hho vim ^vcn to hiin 
because ho was rich, and loved by him for her beauty. Why 
should I say more, but thnt her iijuti^h waa not to be found 
between Lincoln and Irelnud? " Great sin did thoy who 
gave her him," adds tho poiit. 

On aeuount of her rare beauty, the jealous husband now 
turned all his thouglita to keeping her safe. To this trnd he 
•hut h«r up in his toner, in It birgc room, to which no one 
had aciWBB but himself and his sister, nn old widow, without 
whose pemussion the youuf^ wife naa forbidden to speAk to 
any oven of her female attendants. In this tower tho *u«pi- 
i-touH hunband immured his lovely bride for scveu yean, 
during wbieh time they had uo ehildreu, nor did she evef 
leave her eonflnement on any account. She had nt'ithei 
thaniberlain n<)r huinMi-r to light tho tapera in her chambei 
when she would retire, and the poor htdy passed her timr 

* R konla luo a*baiiiKWi, 

Blftimvfik ha hit", ffwitknl jlln^Pt 
Kilc'b u- founuiin, i\i l«i>r-Biinii. 

ViiuKUMvl, Bartaa-Sttu, I. >• 




BttlTTATIT. 423 

wmpiuK, sighJDg, and inmenting ; and (roni grief nnd neglect 
of herself toaing all her beauty. 

The monlL of April wh ■—♦'^'X 
VTbea orory bird bcrana to tingi 
But lord uMmc nt urljr Saj. 
ini U> Uio wood lie wica bin mf. 

Before he set out ho enlled up the old dame to fnaten the 
door nrier him. Thin done, she took her |)Balter and retired 
to another room to chant it, Tho impriwiiiwl ludy nwoke in 
t«ars, seeing the hrightDtui of the miu, nod thus began 
her moon : 

Alia I BtiA Bhn, wh}' born wiia 1 1 
Rigbt gr^vvniiK in my ilratmy : 
In tilts towi're iia[inBi>ucH. 
I ne'er sluill lonra it till 1 'm dewL 

8he mniTela nt the UDrenaonahlr jealouinrof btv old hiuband, 
curses her parents, and nil concerned in giving her to a man 
not otdy Bi> uiiainiable, but who wad of so tou^h a conjititu- 
tiou that the cliauce of hiti dyiug seoiued iufiuitcly remots. 

Whon baptised he wu to be, 
In hollB rifero deep dipt ww h«; 
Hard arc hiB Hinovm, hnril wub *(ia. 
And lively blood thuj oil ouatoia. 
Oft hoTB I liiourd tliB piople toll, 
T!i*t in tills 00118117 tbor* boMI 
Advtiutun<H in tli« ilayBofjOrt, 
Tlml did to juj Biorvtl hoort* Twrlora ; 
KnieliU mot wita datnoulii. fair uul gexA 
In lilt thing* onto thoir tilifnl ; 
Aod dainea met lovon courtfotin, 
Poff^WPfi and limvc. mid Kcnoroiii; 
So tliot thojr npTf r bUinwd wura, 
Tpr wiTO tliviiiwilTml iKino mmt tham o'or.* 
IfthiH mity ht. or mtst wi^ 
Or »ny it bi>fa!li>ii inm, 
Mny Uod. who hnth nil might uid poircr. 
My wiflh jffirf orm for mc thii hour. 

Boaioeljr hod ahe uttorad thia piout iriah, when ahe pot 

Thlt maaltlNilT olludM U IaotcI or OrMloai, or uniiUr t(ari«a> 



Mired llie ahaduw of ■ Inrge tnrd at a mrrow window. T^ 
bird now flew into tho room. Hu had jeH«« on hia lw«, and 
ai>i)onrcd tn W a giMB-biiwk.' Ue {rfnc«d himMLf bcfiire tbe 
laijj, aud iu u few iniout^a afl«r bMsme * bandsone gmtla 
kuieht. The lady wm tomflod at tli« ngbt, rad eoVMvd ber 
hvud ; but tin: knight nru« courtttou*, and addmaaed ber, 

tadf , Hid b«. bo &04 thua itin^ ; 
A go^hnwk U a guntlo bird. 
If m; iBOi^le ■boold be obicuni, 
Alh-ail. nnd I vill joti MBOr*; 
Hokctb now of DW f OUI torfRh 
For that it in I am oMna hanii 
Long htT* I loTOd jrou %aA tdmind. 
And in nv baart baiw modi <Uhi«4; 
I aa'ar bava 1o*«d h*« tou aloatt 
And MT« nn a**«r rfiall Ion aoMj 
Rit I Muld n«T«r oonw to you. 
Nor from a<n> «oudIi4o bflie, 
If yon bad not nqulrod iito : 
Your loT«r now I way wall b«. 

'nioliuly WBN now rr-iuiaiirvd : abc uiKWTcrcd her head, i 
told lh« liiiiKlit nhe Huuld itccept liuu ta ber Dru, if sbe 
*vre salUHcd that be belit'ved ui tiod. On this bead, fat 
aMuni her, 

I in tba Cr^lor lulisTA. 

Who did (roiQ maery ua wiliote, 

In trhidi n* Adiun our lirs put, 

gr •ttioi; of thu bittor fruit : 
D in. snil was, luiA irrer he 
To aiiinvn lib bdiI liKht wilt ba> 

Aud to put tbe tnalt«r out of all doubt, lie directa ber to 
feign aickncM, and send for tbo cbapbun, wh«n bu under- 
take* to niintme ber form, and recetTe the holj SMMnMob 
Tlie dnm« doM acoordin^jr ; and tbe old wonuu), after taanj 
ubj««tioii», at luo),'tb aeoda for the chaplain. 

* It fidlona, in M. it Raqucfori'i etitina, 

" Usi DC niurt tu ou dM>.' 
or shirh m oBS tn*k« no ttfa, vxi llic frtoth IrutUiloD gltct ■• 
•!•■ lliHmn M8. 1( it 

" Tit tkon muti h tv dt 4^** 

M. h 


And ho with d1 doc ipccd did ItM^ 
And brought the Corpiu Domini 
Th<> knij^ht roccivud tho holy sign. 
And fruiu tho chnlico dmnk the vin« :* 
The cliiiplsio thi'ii hit niij' ia pout — 
Tho ol-i Jiirrir sliiit tlio ■l""r» uioii. 

The Bcruples of the ladr beioR now entirely remored, she 
eraDta !e <fon d' awourmitf merd. and the bliss of the lovers 
IH complete. At length the knight tnkes his lonve, nnd iu 
reply to the Iwly's question, of when she should wo bini 
Again, he tells her thnt she has only to wish for him. aud the 
wish will be fulKilet! by his appenmnceit but he wnms her 
to beware of the old womnn, who will closely wntcli her, 
Mvurb^ her at the same time that a di»covet^' will be his 
certain dcnth. 

The lady now bids adieu to all sadness and melancholy, 
and grudiially regaiue aJ! her former beauty. She deaires do 
longer to leave her tower ; for, night or day, she baa only to 
eiproH a wish, nnd her kuight is with her. The old lord 
marvels greatly at this sudden chnngc, and begins to distnist 
the fidelity of his siater. On revealing hiu Buspieioua, ber 
replies fully satisfy hitii on that bead, and they roucert 
between them how to watch the young wife, and to disuover 
her secret. Aft«r an interval of three days, the old lord 
tells his wife that tho king has sent for bun, and that be 
nniiit attend liim, but will soon retHrn. Ho set* out, and 
the old woman having closed the door aa usual after him, 

■ Tliii limd^ to ppin» thnt thit !> ■ ti«n»l»t1on from the Dnion ; fur Innu- 
rml tllr, in whiMt pcinEiUnlr llir rij|i wma flrti TrfjiH-kt l4 the lulM. divd In 
\'2\G,yrhrii WtoTj III-, Id wbuui Mknn i* luppovd 14 havr dcdlatn) hrr Idif, 
mu * rhilll. 

t Tlie Knie «M tb« cue vkh Iha WUnKhclweib ( tri(JUMMR«) «t 
Ointiao laiuancB. 

Svrnne du t\ntt\ vUhHh»t iiAch aiir, 

8d bin Irb (ndciichiD bl dir, 
ttj* th* 'Mj to the StiufniWrirr. Sho tAit, 

Wtr irh ml At bin ich, 

Dtn WiiDKh hll mlr Got gspbra. 
iU Indt tl to b* Ifur, 

Kr mAnvbU nmf-b Afr frou*on tin, 

81 Im tA ni dill HhSni lin. 

Orimh, Drat, Jfyrta , p. Mt. 



gcU behind » ciuiaio to mtch. 1'ho lady now wishei for 
ner lover, mid inxtantly Ko in with hor, nnd thcr oontiniM 
together till it is time to rise. He tben departs, l«arin^ tli4! 
apy, who had no^n how he cnino aud wont, terrified at Che 
stnuii^ mctttmorphoxiii. 

• Whon the husband, who w&a at uo great diatADoe, eano 
honi«, hii my \a(ani\cd him of the straiign affiiir. OrMtly 
KricTed and incvnscd at tbi«, he brean to ntoditate tho 
dostruL-tion of hia riral. He a«<-firduif;ly got four pilcM 
iiindc, with steel-heads so sharp that 

No rwr unJnr hMwiiR xliatn 
Vita OT«r Jut w> >livi> aixl kaon. 

These So set at the window throuKli which the knight woa 
ii4od to enter. Next daj he feigos to go to the cbase, tlie 
Did woman returns to her bed to idocp, aiid the buljr ouxioualy 
expecta " Iiim whom she loveth \oyaS.y," 

And nyH that he nui^ cotnc mlolff 
And wilii ksr nt kll lci>uj-<i b«. 

80 said, no done: the bird was at the window; but alaa! 
too ea|^>r for caution, he overlooked the pikes, and. flyiii)( 
nffsinst tlicm, was iiiortallv wouniiitd. titill ho enlnrod the 
ebaniber and threw bimsotf <iii the bed, which bis blood aoon 
filled, and thus addressed his distracted mititress: 

U* Mid unto hRr — " My iw*at frioncl. 
For jDii my lir« cdiuu* to aa aii4 ; 

I OltMl tOlJ *0U "t would b« Ml. 

That jour Ikit cliMr would work lu woa.' 
Vh«n (lb* liMrd titia the iwooncd koaj. 
And long tlma tliuic (or dead iha Inf ; 
Her gcQtIy to tcrnolf be tiroiLght, 
And Hud. tbat Rncf BTsileth nou]{ht; 
Tliat ihc liT him ■ njli ouilltl llvt, 
Valiniit niid n-iw, iiid duliniiair ; 
Ho would diiiMil I".'!- iKirmwii lUl. 
Ywn^f J<^H< nbould liEin c*]l- 
Ha woiiI'M v«ii|twiia> for tholr uka 
Vffna Ihsir Irut'rou* oaeUf lilia.* 

• Ib lb* BUh-nJuwh, Sifiwuib, whta be foieKCi hi* am 4liA kf Aa 



Esliausted with loss of btood, he cnn stAv so longer. He 
di-pftrts ; and tho Indy, utl«ring loud cnes of woe, lenfis 
Bfbpr liim, uiiapiiarelloil aa she ia, out of the wiudow, which 
won tweDtv (fi^t fivia the grouud, aud punues him by tba 

traces of bia hluod. 

Along bin palh Mcuyeil tlie dune. 

Until uDio a bill >lie came.* 

Jjtto tbia bill one eiitnuica tod ; 

It vitb the blood wiu ikll Hpnnkl^d. 

Boforo hor dbo cim □othing iro ; 

WhcrMt (be ttiiiikcth full sanlf 

Hor lo>-»r tliillinr ia gouo in. 

8}ie itnterrtb villi ti>ii-k.Ie t?on ; 

Wjtbiii It li^ht ue fuuiid vbo nuu^; 

Thorow ll (till *lie uiietli on. 

Diittl nhe (ton) the bill iHEiiiNl 

In k fair miMdow. i-icU unl i^od. 

Witb blood sb9 stained (bund tbo gnH& 

At whii'b »be miiiib disnmrod wna ; 

Tbfl tmco lay of it on tbo ground, 

Quitu oaar ebo tbcro n city found i 

With wnllii it wa» eooloaed nil. — 

Tfaen wnB not hou». nor toirer, nor halt, 

Hut did nut toem it silver fnir : 

Th» JIaodeiriitt- riglit wsltby tr& 

Before tbe l«vm Uy luuibua i ud«, 

Tbe furebt, juiil wild eoliliide. 

On the otber aide, towiird t)io doiydu, 

Tlin wstur «11 uniuiiil iliii nio ; 

Aud lieru tlin sliipiil^H did untjr, 

HiJK Iboiiiic tliri-e bundled they wers. 

The lower gnto wido o|inn Uy; 

Thoroin the lady took bor way, 

Inachfiyaf Afia>ilh,ieU< hb wHt Prrcn||(i, (he diughlcr of ihal monarch, llial 
ahf will bctr a up whom the li to aamo Ky KhoMoo, lod who will aT«kf» 
ih* dtath of bii bihcr ; ho OSirt*, Uoidfnbutb tod Inn, il. 33. 

* Pfini k\ DUO hn|« rinl : 
Ka fi>i« hofc o( ua0 ralreei 
II. de Roancforl, In hi> Rl<i-u>i< dc It lanfuo lEamtht*. MiTMlly nndn* 

toi/r \iy eiilint. In hia icuiiUtlDn of iLli LaI ho rtudcn ll b; cabant, noi, 
prrbapt, nndnrtlandiiig liow > hill muld In pfnlout. Tho ilory, howexet, of 
PniiCT Ahmoii, and tbo rooiaiKo of Orfro aod llturwllt (•»« tboT*, p. 42), are 
Itood >iilhoriI7 an ihia |khoI : ho alio ahovo, p|i W\ IDS. 

t Id Iho [laltciau MS. Mandoniont. M, He Koquvfnrt oonfiHO bit ulal 
ignonoFci of Iliii people ; nc (vIIoh hli elimplf. May il not, bowevol, to 
coimccUt! irltli mananf^ and mrroly Wgnlfv pooplr, inh^bitaataf 


»-. — ..r ^ ■ ..^^ 

K« ma Mr woona fctud 4m KMMt 
&■ to tlw nkn am«i «ilh Uood 
n« ttapa Jm Ibaad <iw« oil «mbf id| 
aha tBtMMl tlMB a low AmUr*; 
A kniiM I'm Gxnd fc« lUfias tli«« ; 
Sb« knnr bin) not— aba pMwd on — 
To ft lantnr diaiufaar oun* (UMI ; 
Jl bad. Mill iiutliiiiK inon. th*i« Dnui^ 
A kalgbt wa* ua it iiliw|ufi|[ Kiund. 
StUI farthar pM*ed on tbs lUiua ; 
0oto Iha tfaint diunbte aha eanuv 
Wbon dta ^a find bar loverNi bad. 
n* Mrti wara guld eiuiiu>tt«d ; 
I cmLd not price the cIoUih ungfat : 
Tbc rhuidcltcn and tapon bnghth 
Which ai^bt and day burned o>n4Untl/a 
Veto worth the gold of ft ciUo. 

She find* her lover at the iwint of daith. 

At aecing Kia nreti^lH'd iitat« the unliappj ladr aroona 
a.i;aiu. The expiring kni^Lt endeaToura to coosule h«r ; and. 
Ibretelling his oim death on that dav, directs bfv to deport, 
l(«t hia pt-oplo in their grief should ill trvat licr na tbe came 
of bia death. She, however, protests that she will at^ Mid 
die with hiia, as, if aho retuma, her husbaud will ]>ut n«r to ■ 
death. 1'hc knight repctts bia conaoUtiona, and girea her a I 
ring, which, whilu ibe weara, her huaband will retain ao 
remeuibrftooe of wliat relates to her. At the aaine time ho 
^res her his sword, which the is to keep safelj and to give 
lo her son when grown up and bccotno n viOiast knight. H* 
aaj-B, ahe then 

Unto ft fcativftl will go ; 

Her laT>i will thltbor wend almo ; 

Unto lUi Ekbbcy tlicy wdJ come, 

Whcm Uioy will boo a BCatclT totnbb 

Will louru llie itor; of die Jeai), 

Aod bow hrj wu there buhed. 

There thou the iwgrd shalt Uy him mdi. 

And all tUi* idveatvin Uiau Itncb, 

How Im wan Imni, who wM hi* »in»i 

HiH <li^U (luoujfh will Uion iidiain). 

He then gave ber a dress of Ane ailk^ aiul inaitited on hat 




drparturo. Slie » with ilifiicult)- ini]iic«d to Imtp Iiim, »nd 
I* hanilv liaJf a Wijue from tli« [)!ate wlioii nhe lieun th« 
bi-Us tolling, and the tnea of gnef of the people for the 
death of their lord. She fninta lour tinnci. bat at Wgtb 
rvfiiverijig rptriwes her st^'jia, and retunis to hiT townr. Her 
IwiBbmid uiakeg do iuquirr, aiid giveH lii?r no fiirtlif^r uiieavi- 
ncsB. Sho bure a son, na Eudfmaivc hnd lorclold, and named 
him Tweriec. As he grew up, llicro was not his peer in tho 
kiugdoui for beauty, valour, and getieroaity. 

Aft«r Twencc had been dubbed a knight, his supposed 
fntker waa suniuioned to attend the feast of St. Aarou at 
Carliou. H« went, accompanied by his wife and Yweuec. 
On tlicir way. they stopped at a rich abbey, where they wero 
received with the utnioat hoa]iitnlitT. Neit day, when they 
aaked to depart, iho abbot ititnaited th«m to' »tuy a ]illl» 
longer till he should show them the rest of the abbey. They 
couMntcd, and after dinner, 

Oq ontcrmE (In chtplnrrDom, 
Tli*7 faond • Um and aUt«Ij lamb, 
CoTBTad with t1(£ ttpattrf, 
BDrdnrcd with ^Id aiiibniidgr]r. 
At liouil unt) fcot uid «idM Uiara wen 
Twenty tnpcm bumitig clwr; 
Of fitio Rolil were tho «h>ndi?1ien : 
or uiiptliyst mirc Iho canw-nn, 
With whii'li tliuy iiKiaDaod alwtv, 
Kor gnM liuuui^. tliu tomb gam day. 

The curiosity of the Tiaitors waa excited by the eight of tliia 
magtii^cent tomb, nnd they Icnmed, on inijuiry, that therein 
lay one of the noblest and muHt valiant knights that had ever 
lived. He had been king of that country, and hnd been altuii 
at Caerwont for the love of a Wy, teav'itig n tacnncj- in the 
throne which had never been sinev filled, it being reserrcd, 
tccordiug to hia lost commHnda, for his son by that lady. 
Whec tho Uamc heard this, she called ahiud to her son, 

" Fur Kin. Tou now luv* bnrd," ibc tud, 
"TbU Qixl'haUi iu to lliiB piuc led. 
It ut your bthcr ben doth lie. 
Wham this old duui slew wronsfuU;.' 

She then gave him the sword she had kept >o long, relating 


ettn xm> cthkt. 

tlie wUole Btonr to lum. At the concliuioo ahe &iat«d oa 
the tomb, and PipirecL FQlml vith nge toad grieT, VwesM 
at onu blow itnick olF tho he»A of tbe old man, and nveagei 
both bia futUer «iil mottu^r. Tbu )ady vnu buned in tb» 
coffin with him vhon ilie had loved, aud tbo people jQjMiy 
sckoowloJgcd Ywcneo aa king of th« country. ' 

Long time iJtBr madcn thoy, 
Who heard this tdi-FDtnn. h loj 
Of tli« Rricf uid the dolaAr 
Hiftt for luie UicH did etului*. 

Tboro arc still to bo m«ii in Brittany the rock, ttw esTeni 
th<! fountnici, the liolo, tbo vnlLiy, etc., ortbo ¥iv». 

The fotvBt of Brvzeliaude, near Qtiiutiii. was. in the tweltt.. 
and thirteenth ccnttiriea, regarded aa the chief acat of Breton 
wondcni. It contained the tomb of Merlin. Robert de 
Wace, hearing of the wonden of this TomA, viiHt«d it ; but, 
by Ilia on-n account, to Iittl« purpoae. 

La kllai Ja ni(irTofll*« quur* (flitrdim\ 

VU U tottt « Tin la terra; 

MerrotUM •foin (ollsBllal) mM n* bttval, 

Fol Di'cn roriD*. fol y *llat ; 

Ful ; allal, fol lo'aa ravine 

FcUo <jiui, [HIT fbl m« tina.* 

There were alno the Fountain of Berenton and the Pa 
{bloet, or sleju) MerveiUeui. 

En RrnUt^no on treijviM'n 

tino Fonlaine rt un FWroti I 

Quuit on KCtte I'iui* Inrn^ duwiiR 

8i *eiit« «1 toiiu* at tojilult Jiui (it ioi^ 

Huoo de M^ wb« more fortunute tlioo ^aoe. 
■prinkleit the Perron from the goldeD basin which hong 
from the ouk thai shaded it, and beheld all the mairela.t 

Such ia the reault of «iu- iuquiri«s rvap^iug the Fairy 

* Rnnn it Rout, « H. 234. 
t 8n Ro^Mfort, SuppteuiBiit ui tilsatit* de k Iaovo* iMHiat t. *. 



■jTntein of tlio " uUt scuti) Bretons." Owing to tte praise- 
«urtbj labours of a BretoD gentleman of th« preseut dsj-,* 
we aro ennblcd In give tlie following account of it u it 
actu&Uy prevail! in BrittanT. 

Our author djvijes the Breton fkiriefl into two daases,— 
the i'aya (i-Vc*) and the Dwarfs {A'riin») ; of which the 
Breton name seems to be Korrij; or Korrignu, and Korr or 
Korrcd.t The former he identifies, na we havo seen, very 
pUusibly, with the Gallieenie of ftfeia ; for he Havo that the 
ancient Welsh bards dedure that they reverenced a being of 
the femnlo sex named Korid-^weu, ■'. e. Korid-woman, to 
whom they aaalgned ninf virgms as attendants. To this 
being Tali^sin gives a magic vase, the edges of which are 
adonied with penrl, and it coutuina tlie wondrous water of 
bardic genius and of uuivcraal knowledge. 

The Korrigan, our autliorily further states, can predict the 
future, ansuhie any form they please, move from place to 
place n'ith the rapidity of thought, cure mulndiea by the ud 
of chanus which they oonimunicate to their favourites. Their 
iii*e i* awd not to exceed two feet, but their proportions are 
most exact ; and they have long Bowing hnir, which they 
comb out with great care. Their only dreea is a long whiu^ 
Veil, wbieh they wind roiuid their body. Seen at night, or 
in the dusk of the evening, their beauty is great ; but in the 
daylight their eves appear red, their hair white, and their 
lac«s wrinkled ; lienee they rarely let theiusclves ba seen by 
day. They are fond of music, and have Ihie voicee, but ar« 
not much given to daneing. Their favourite haunts ara the 
springs, by which they ett and comb their hair. They ore 

* Quiu-Brati, Chants INvpulkina de I* Bntftgnu, rnravlUn tt public pu 
Th. Hanan <1b )■ Tit!inii>r<|u<. Fula, 1H4C. Thia u a m<il nliiihls <rwk 
and deHrring la Ukc iu (iliu^ wlLh iha BaHvIa uf ScDlUnd, SfutdinaTiB, uiri 
HciTJa, Id bum of wUldi l> U Inrcrlar. To ibe tntlll of Fnnca lbs niiliou 
vrhlrh *e UH it thD fourth. How diffcrtnt would iho lite of >urh ■ vork b« 
Id Mt nunir; '. 

f Wfl uiakfr ihli dItLtDclinn, brcuUK in the t*11t«ii In ivbli^li ibo pmonifv 
b • Fty, lilt woi'l uHil it Korrigan or Knrrijr, nhilo lu iliai m wUtrli ibo 
rtwirfa arv ulon, tho irnrrlt arr Kurt and Knrrnt. Bol tho truth ii, the; an 
all but dlfflrrmi formi of Ki>n. Tlirit arr all thr mme, ongular and plunl. 
Thp UrpEna rhanpt II* Hnt ri>u»uiiaiit liVii ibfa Inabr H9 p. 371. Wc atH 
DiMt vith Criuu. Goiic C'miril, aa nanitt «f tbue baiap, but (btj arc oalj 
fonn* of tbot* prea above. 

cnn A!tB cniBT. 

aid to ctAifhntf there erery rctiimin^ opring a great QO^ 
tnnwl fiotivul. Ou ibe wxl U itd brink u onmul n table-cloth 
vhitv M tbe driven snoir, covered nith the moat dulicMnw 
ri&iidB. In the centra if * ayet-ai cup, which emits itidi 
light thiit thi-rc It no need of lumn». At the end of tlis 
bnnauut a cup gjea round filled with a Uauor, one drop oS 
nhich would inako one s* vieo as Ood liiiuaelC At tlie 
appronch of n murtul tho nltok- vanixhe*. 

i.ikv fairieii iu ccuer&l tlie KorriKHU iAeB\ children, a^aii 
which tile remedy usually omploTcd is. to place tbo child 
under the protnction of th« Virgin, by nutting a roMij or 
» scnpulnry about ita uei:)c. They are uao fuiul of tinitang 
themtelvea Tith handsome young men to regenerate, aa the 
peoaanta say. their nccurveil rncc. The general belief re- 
apecting them is, thut tbi-y Wi-n! great prinoMMa who^ 
having ^.■fllat^d to embrace Chriatiauity when it waa pnaiclied 
in Arinorii-a by tbe Apoatlw, were struck by the curse of 
Hod. IIcDco it a that tli«y are sntd to bo animnted by a 
violent hntn'd of n-ligioii Mid the clergy. The oiirht m a 
Mutane, or the sound of a bell, puta tiiem to flight ; but 
the object of greatest abhorrence to Ifaem ia the Holy 
Virgin. The Ivt trait to be noticed of these beinga ia, 
thnt, like nmilar beings in other oountriea, their broatb ia 

Tbe reader must have observed the strong reseinblai>ce 
which the KorHgnn bear to the Bllc-maids of Scandinavia. 
Ill like Biauuer the Korred are very similar to the Trolla.* 
These are usually rrpti-sentcd aa short and stumpy with 
shsegy hnir, dark wnukhnJ litcea, little deep-set eyca, but 
bri^t an carbuueles Their voice i» crocked and hollow : 
their haudfi have claws like a cat's ; their feet ar« homy like 
those of a goat, Tlicy are c»pcrt Bmiitis and comers ; thev 
arc said to have gr«at treaiiures in the liolmenf in which 
they dwell, and of which they are regardifd aa the huilden. 
They dance around them bj- night, and wo to tbe belated 
poasant who, paasing by, ie forcuu to join in their roundel ; 

* llrn(« «v m^y ift^r lluU ^\irj eune arijprolly from B<4DdinKTU, caomilr 
uinlvd matt pt^\mh\y i'j ttie NDnn«ii>. 

t HinnvUblui. Thajr lie oilJcil bf Ott hum iwmc >u I>f von uid Commll 
la IriiL. thcii ([iprllitiuD I* Cnniilrtcb. 



be usiiallv diea of exhnurtion. Woibieitday is tlioir liolidfty; 
th« tiret Wodnesiluv iu Klny their annual festival, vhicli they 
n-liibraU- with dnitciiig, Bvngiiig, nnd music. Thpy have th» 
eam« avfrsioii to holy tbiiiga IU thu Korrigiin ; like them, too, 
they can fort<ill evtula to couic Tlio Korrid is alwayii fiir- 
niebvd with a liirgt- leathern puree, which is snid to be full of 
gold : but if auy »ue Bui:t'i'«<lB in ^tting it from bim, ho fisda 
nothing in it but hair and a pair of »cis«ora. 

The Bn-icum also bc-Uevc m Mcrmaida; tbey name them 
Morgan (wo-icomcn) lutd Morrero'li (tM-dan-i/wrt), and »ny 
thot th<>y draw down to their pftiaceB of golil and crystal at 
the boltotii of ihi^ sea or of ponds, those who ventuK impru- 
dently too near the odgo of the water. Like the mermaid* 
tliey siii^ and romli their golden hair. In one of the ballads 
we read, " Fiahcr, liasl tlioit ntirn the mermaid combing her 
bair, yellow as gold, by the noontide gun. nt tbo edge of the 
water ? " "1 nave wmi the fair mermaid. I have also 
heard her singing ; lier *(inii» wcrt- plaintive aa the waves."* 

In M. Villeman|Uit'a collection there are three batlada 
relating lo the Korrigan and Korrcd. The following is a 
faithful tninsiat ion of the lirst of them in the eiatt measure 
of the original. All the 3n.-ton poetry is rimod, very fr^ 
jueatly ID triiwU or tercets. 

IjiTtr ^xnn ann H)t RoTxlitnt. 

Tbe Lonl Naun and his bride so Eur 
In eiirtj youth united were. 
Id early youtb divided were. 

Tlie lady Iny-in yeatemight 

Of twin*?, tfieir shin as snow was white^ 

A boy aiid girl, that f^lad Ula sight. 

" WTint dolh thy heart desire, loved oaa, 
Kor giving mc so fair a son f 
Bay, and at once tt abidl bo done. 

* Bwiui-Brcli.,t.iliz.fia. 



" A, woodfoizk from the pool of the ^JKr 
Or rocbuek from the fon-st grvon ? ' 

"Thp rorbiipk"« flr«li in WKroiirj', 

But fur il thou to the wuocl itlioaild'st Ilia,'* 

Iiortt Nann when he these words did hew. 
He foriliwilh gnupcd his ouken ti^ear. 

And vaulting on Iuh c-onl-black steed 
Uoto the groeu-nood hied with ^kkkL 

mien he unto the wood drew nigh, 
A fair white doe bo thcro did spy, 

And after her such chase he made. 

The groiuid it tthuuk bi^ueath their treacL 

And after her such chnso made he, 
From hja browa the wntur copiouolj 

And from hie horse's sides rail down. 
The eveuiug had now come on, 

And he came where & streamlet Bow«d 
Faat bj' a Kurrigan'a abode ; 

And graasy turf spread oil around. 

To quench' hi* thirst ho sprang to grom-d. 

The Korrig at her fount frnt there 
A-coiulIng of her long fair hair. 

She combed it with > eotnb of gold — 
These ladies ne'er are poor, we "re told. 

" Hash man," cried she, " how dost thoa daro 
To Curae dixturb my iratcm fair ! 

" Tliou shah unto me plii-lil thy fay, 
Or ncven yearit thou nhatt wii»te away. 
Or thou Boall die ere the third day. 

" To thee my dath plight will 1 ne «r 
Tor I am married now a yew. 



" 1 sSnll not iiureiy wut« awaj. 
Sat nhall I dio «re the third daj ; 

" I «iinll not ilic withm Uln^e duvH, 
But when it uulo God aliall pleaiie." — 

" Good mothor, mine, if you love m«, 
8no thnt my bed made ready be. 
For 1 hare ta'cn a Diniii'ij. 

" Let not one word to my wife be told ; 
In thr^e days 1 ibail lio in the mould. 
A Korrigan hna thus foretold." 

And when throe days were past and gona, 
Tlie young wife asked this question, — 

" My motlier-in-law, now tell me why 
Tho beUa all ring thua constantly? 

" And why the priests a low masa aing, 
All cbul iu while, as tho bella ring i " 

" La«t niKht a poor man died whom w* 
A lodging gave through charity." 

" Mr mother- in>luw, tell me, T pray, 

My I-ord Naun whither in be gone away f " 

" My dnugbtpr, to the town be 'a gone, 
To net) thcM! ho will come anon." 

" Good mother- in-law, to church to fare, 
Bhall I my red or blue gown wear t " 

" Tho custom now is, dMuphtcr dt-ar. 
At church alwoya in black to appear." 

Aa tbey croaaed o'er the churchyard-waU, 
On her buiband'a grave her eye did &U. 

"Who id now dosd of our fnmilv. 

That thua Ctv«b dug our grouuif I Me F " 



" Alu ! ni}' child, tbe truUi caa I 
Not bide : ibj btuband there dotb lid.** 

On her two knocs hcriMrlf nhv nut 

And torn) nc moiv, the brvatbcd ber laot. 

It viu a mnml to we, not wf , 
Tlie nisbt that followed the dar, 
Th« Isdy in earth by h«r lord hj. 

To ace two oak-trees tUemaelves rear 
From the oer-made grave into the air; 

And on tlidr branrliM two doms whtt«^ 
Vttio there nera bopjiuig gsj mad light t 

Which aani; when rose the momiiig-raj 
And thoD toward Iicbtch «pud away. 

Thin ballad i« rvry irniarkaliV. Ita simiUri^ to tli 
Sir Olof^ »o cetelirateil ui Scainliiutvin, and of vhich we hare 
dreody giTen tno variations oat of fifteen, miut strikft 
evnyoDO: in its coiichiifing HUQioa alao it resembles other 
Scnndinnriiui and EukIihIi ballads. On the other band, tbe 
Whili! Doe and tlio Korrigan at the fount remind an of tho 
Laia of Mnri)! dv FrmiP((. Our opinion on the whole is, 
that tbL> buUiid belongs to SoaudiuiLtin, whence it mw 
brought at an early prriod — by tlic Normans, we might mt 
only for it> Christian air in both couiitrii-a — and notundiMd 
in the usual niuutur. It is rather straiig« that there ia 
amthcr an Gnglich nor a, Hcottish version of it. 

The next lay, which is entirely composed in tc^cct!^ i* tlw 
•tory of a changeling. Tn order to recover her own child 
the inotbi-r in advised bv the Virgin, to whom iiho hu 
jirnved, to prepare n nieal fnr ten fann-eervanta in an egg- 
■hull, whiiOi will Riakt; the Knrrid H|]<-nlc, and ahe ia then to 
whip hiiri neU tiU lie urim. mid whcu be d»e« mo Iw irill bo 
taken nn-nv. Tho womnn dnrn im directed : the Korr u«ka 
what she IS about : iihe lella hiiu : " i'or ten, diinr mother, to 
an eggshell ! I have seen tho egg bciure 1 saw tbe wliit« 
hen > 1 have aecn the acorn bolbro I aaw tbo tree ; I lisn 



wen tlie ncom anil T hnve sceD the shoot : I h&ve seen ttie 
oak in the ttoad of Bn^ztd, but Dover nan I Buch ft thing fta 
this." "Thou hast seen too many thiuf^, my eon," roplied 
she, and hrgnu to wiiip him, when one catne crying, "Don't 
beat him. i;ive him buck to me ; I hitvo not done yours any 
injury. Me ia king in our country." Wlieu the womiui 
went hon^o ehe found her own child sleepinj; sweetly in the 
cradle. He opened his eyes and aaid, " Ah^ mother, I bwe 
been a long time asleep ! 

Among the Welsh legends above related, that of the 
Fairies Banished has some reaemhlauce to this ; but M. 
TiUemarqui nays that he was told a cliangelijig. story by the 
Qlamorgnn peasantry, preci»?ly the eaiiie as the Breton 
legend. In it the changeling i» heard muttering to hiuiself 
in a cracked voice, " I have seen the »com before I saw the 
oak : I have seen tlie egg beftire I saw the white hen : I 
have never seen the like of Ihiti," It is remarkable that 
these wordfl form a rimed triad or t«rcet nearly the same 
with that in the Breton ballad,' whence M. Viliemar^ue is 
led to suspect that the legend is anterior to the seventh 
century, the epoch of the separation of the Britons of Wales 
and Armnriea. But a^ ehiingclings srcm to have come from 
the North, ne cannot eonseut to receive this theory. He 
also quotes from Gcoftrcy of Monmouth's Life of Merlin, 
"There is in this forest," said Merlin the Wild, " an oak 
.aden with years : I saw it when it was beginning to grow. . . 
I saw the acorn whence it rose, germinate and become a twig. ., 
I hnve then lived a lone time. ' This would, in our opinion, 
tend to show that this was an ordinary formula uk the 
British language. 

The third and Inst of those ballads tells, and not without 
humour, how Paskou-Hir, i. #., Long-I'askou. the tailor, 
one Fridny evening, entered the abode of the Korred, and 
there dug up and carried home a concealed treoaure. Thay 

• WlUK. 

n-miii Din km ifwelal fUrtro, 
Krlffit Bs vilit tvtUienn. 

Omiit tI kcD piBlot kr wcnn, 
GihIIi niri Viii |i»Icl fa run, 

Owrlli dcmn * KoH Brml, 

Buknu Bk villi kanMBi] *1L 



puraucd him, and cnmo into the oourt-Tmrd duMing with 

might and maJii, uid singing, — 

DiluD. dimi:<ir*, •timemliM' 
Hi fliruuiu^ Uii c]igwHlle^■ 


Finding the drwr Brnired* thpy mount the roof and bmk 
n hols thrimgh which thi-v grt in, »nd n'sunH- thi-ir dftiifu on 
tho floor, etui singing, Slonclsj, Tue»dar. etc., anil milium 
on the tailor to come imd join tbetn nnd tbvr woald t«3M-h 
hiin a daui^ that nould crack hin bafk-boni.', and they tati 
by tcUing hiiu that the money of the Ron u good for 

Another renlon MyH, that it wiu « bolcer who atole tho 
trmuure, and, more eiuining than the tailor, he fltrmed the 
floor of his houio with hot ashn and cindcn on which the 
Komd burned their foct. Thia miulo them Miunper off, but 
before they went they nuanhed all his crockerv aivd e«rUien- 
wwe. Their word* woro, "In Innnik-ann-'frevou's houae 
we burnt our huniy feet and mode a iine meaa of hie 

The following U^nd will explain the song of the Komd, 


Ctft Bantc soV ^ong at Ott SvtTtV. 

Thk nihy of God was a celebrated haunt of the Koired-f 
It wa3 thought dangerous to pM* through it at niglit leat 
one should bo fori'i-d to join in their (Unci-ii, uiil ihua 
perhaps lose his life. One evening, however, a peasant and 

* Tb» l»<1r>r etif "HhuC Ihr door! Han irt Ids Kltls Tha of ihi nighi " 
(JUw<>i>ii Dvxijmi mmu), *oi! Sl Ai^KuMins (D> Cir. Dei, c. xiil.) ipciki 
■r " Dumnnn qu« Duteiot Uilli duiii:u|kiiL" ll ntf niuluil u> st our obb 

t In ih* art|ln(l ihc mrd » KortigKn, but nt tbon, f, 4)1. 





hin wife thoiiglitleeslj did so, and they aoon (i>und thi.-m- 
aeltea enTelopcd by tte dauciug sprites, who kept siugiug — 

LcE J. Lei hon. 
BtB an nrac *u gnat boa j 

Le» on. Lm y, 
ba ui uvr *o gout ;. 

Let lilm ga, lut him )r<i, 
Fur he tijut tho wiirid ui' Uie [ilough ; 

Lot hor go. lot lior go. 
For she has tho wmid of the plough. 

It BeemB the man liiid ia Iiia hiuid thejotirche, or short ntidt, 
vthich IB used aa n piiiiigh-pndiUo in Brittauy. and tliis wu k 
protfrtioo, for Itic duiio«ri iiiude wny for them to go out of 
the riiig. 

WWd this becADie kuown, loany persona having fortified 
themeelTes with x Jburehe, gratified thi.-ir i^urio&itr by \cit> 
nesBing the dance of th« Korred. Among thi- reat were two 
tailors, Peric and Ji-an. who, beiug merry fellows, dared 
each other to join in t)ie dance. Tliey drew lots, and the 
lot feU upon Peric, a humpbacked red-liaired, hut bold stout 
little fellow. He went up to the Korri'd aiid asked per- 
mission to take share in Uii-ir diuice. They gruuttKl it, and 
all went whirling round and round, singing 

Dilun, Dimeim. Diuicralier. 
Moiulaj, Tuesilsf , Viedanaiaj. 

Peric, weary of tTie nionotonj', when there was a slight p&UM 
at the last word, added 

Us Dlrtoou, ha Dlgwansr. 
And TliunHlii;r wd Friil*;. 

Mot! matt (good! good'.) cried thtr, and gftthcring round 
liiui, thev offered hiui his choice of peaut^, raiik, or riches. 
Hv laughed, and only asked thetn to remove his hump and 
ebniigc the colour of bin hiiir, 1'hey forthwith took hold ol 
him Olid tossed hiin up irito the air, throwing biin from hand 
to hand till at Inst he lighted on his feet with a flat back 
kiid fiuo long btni-k h;ur. 


ctLM axd omr. 

WhoD Jcui tnw and bc&rd of the chanec h« rtwihwd to 
tiy wh»t he I'Oultl !;■'( from the p'ltoat KorRnl, ao » few 
eveuitif:^ ^Aer he wont and wu adiuittod to the ilance. which 
now B-ent to thp n-ortU on cniiirgcd by tcric. To moke 'lii 
kdditiun he abuul«d out, 

And iMliinliijr •nil Sundaf. 

hot ■ 

" What more ? what more P " cried the Ki>m»d, but he only 
wont on iTpcntitiK the worda. Thejr tlien aaked hitn what 
he would havf, uid fae replied ricbee. 'Hiey towed him up, 
and kept bandj'ing bim about til) he cried (or mercy, and on 
coniine to tlii^ ground, ho found bo had got I'vric'a hump and 
tchI hair. 

It seems that the Korrcd wero candemned to this con- 
tinanl dani-ing, which wan never to ccaae till a mortal afaould 
join in tbt-ir daiioe. and atler namiuf; all the days of IIm» 
week, Khotild add, l£a e«iu chu rr tiiuii, " And now the week 
ia ended." Tliey puninhcd Jc-an for coming so near tho end 
and then diMtppointing them.* 

We add tho following rircum*tance«from other tnthoritiea: 
At Cnniftc, near Quiberon, aajra M. d« Cambry, ia tlw 
departuieut of Morbihon. on the oca-abore, ih the Temple of 
Camae, called in Urcton "'I'i (Joriqnct" ("<""•' ^'i'Gtfrw*), 
one of the luust remarkable CV'ltic nionnnieuta extant. It n 
composed of more than four thousand larj^ stouea, atandiug 
erect in an arid plain, where neither tree nor ahrub is to be 
aeen, and not even a pebble is lo be found in the soil on 
which they stand. If the inbubilanls are asked coueeniiug 
tbis wonderful mnuuracnt, tboy uiy it is an old camp of 
Cnisar's, an onnv turned into stone, or that it ia tho won of 
the Crioiia or tiorics. These they deBcrlbo aa little men 
between two and three feet higb, who earcied these cnomioua 
maiacai on tbuir bonds; for, tliouf;b liltlc, tbiy are stronger 
than giants. Crery nigbt they dance around the atonea j 

* Krua *n xticle iltncil H — Y In ■ dicap puhJrnUiin ettlnl Tixti lar 
thp People, T1h3 wrtUt h^ he htttii n id iht acifUl^uthooA ut ilie Vule tt 
Goel. ^wl tl haa c*vty ftpfvfcnnn «f ticifig frnutjic. ViUtniuifu^(;, ttl^tucn- 
Uoiii the Uil (Ircuniiiwic* ■■ t« ilie end oT iha pinkDC* at iIk Kvrrot. 



BBItTASX. 441 

ind woe betide the lniT«lltT who appruavhea within tli*ir 
reaoh I be is forced to join in the dnnce, where he is nhirl^ 
about til), hreiitlileis and exlinustcd, he fnlle down, amidst 
the UL-als ur laughter ot the Crions. AU vauish with ti>0 
break of day,* 

In the ruins of TrcBraolouon dwell the Cnurila.f They ore 
of a malignant diapositioti, luit greut lovers of ilani'Iug. At 
night they sport around the Druidionl mouumcuta. Tha 
uiifortuDute shepherd that npprotithes theta must dance their 
rouuds with thcin till cock-fruw ; and the inatant'ea are not 
few of persons tiiuB enanared who have been found ncit 
niumiDC d<?!\ii nitli exhaustion and fatigue. Woo also to the 
Ul-fateil iriitiden who draws near the Couril daiice ! uiue 
months after, the family counta one member more. Tet bo 
great ia the powi^ and irunnin^ of these Dwarfs, that the 
^oung stranger beHW no reaeiiihlimfo to them, but they 
impart to it the features of some lad of the Tillage. 

A number of littlo men, not more than a toot high, dwrll 
under the caalle of Morlaii. The; live in holes in the 
ground, whither they may often be seen going, and beating 
on biwiTis. They poaaeas gi'ewt ti'ensures, which thry BOmc- 
timea bring out ; and if auy one puss by at the time, allow 
him to take one haikdftil, but no more. Should any one 
attempt to Hll his pocketa, the money vanishes, and he is 
instantly nasiiilod by a shower of boxea in the ear from 
inviaible hands. 

The liretona &Uo say that thoro are spirita who silently 
aVim the milk-pons in the dairies. They likewise speak of 
Sand Yan j Tad ( SI. John and Father), wlio earrv fi«i-' liglita 
nt their lingcr-enila, which they make spin round and round 
like u whci-l.J 

Thoro is a spcnes of malignant beings, called Nigh^ 

■ Msnumrni Ciltiqii'-t, f.2. Aa old Hi!or laid M. de Cauilir;, (b*l oB* 
of Ih^H ilann CDVun tn imtDBnj* frcuur^, And lli«t IhcK ihutJHiida a] ibeiD 
luvfl liHU Hi u{> Oie lie;ici la eniuviil ii. lis iddcd Ikil i ealculallui, ih* 
kvj to itbirh »u tu lie fuuud In Lbc TuvrF of L«nduQ, aouEd aIoda Imtkftt* 
Xht tpol wbcfv [lir (muurp lie*. 

t Por what fvllowi ur &rc iiidcbltd lo lti« MS. rtimmiiiiJrHLi^p of Dr- W, 
Iriinni. Ilf namtt u hit ■ulLurity ibt Zriltnig drr {Jtnlltthaflrr tnt 183& 

{ The fornitr w«b( to he ■ bouw tpinl. ibr GM'f, FiJdl, or I/uiin d 
A* Bonb e( Fnnui ; Ihe iMIei b *p)wtDil} lb* /jptu fatmu. 


cn.n ixa cnuT. 

■ M hcw (&r ww M w wj mm), «I» appear os tfa« banlu a/ 
■IrMMi, aud oD on tlw pHwn-b^ to aid tlifn to waah Uie 
GoBB of tbo dead. IT any one refaaea, tber dng IniB into 
th« wst« nd break hia ama. 

Aboot Morlaix the penfdc an afnti o( crit briagB thtf 
aaH Tennt. One of tuae, called TetmapoulieC, appcAni ia 
the likciim of mmm doBxabe anrmal.* In the distnct of 
Vumra u » eolomal ifiirit colled Teit«,t or Bngelaoe, irtio 
appean clothed in vlrit« b«4veen inidtiieht utd Ivo in tbe 
■omitig. His offi(« Ub) rracnenctiiM from the DeriL lie 
■nreadi hta nantle over tbii^n, and tbej are mcutc. Tba 
Deril jomea over the oeeta -. but, unable to endure the took 
•f thp gooA apirit, b» mnku Ao^ti again, aud, tbe ot^ject «l 
ftc apirit Kconpliaked, be vMiUhea. 


8* At TtkAIn B.r^«t. 



O IblttrBle NInlV. a M^fmti Pmni, 
O Otatl • SItnnt, o fuinl a nrtiM, 
JtlJiOi cd Aintdrtidl, I SnniMtt, 
OnadI, « KApAtt or ilBtt »1ii' 

TTyoEtt the title of Southern Europr, we compriie Oreeee 
tmd those iiationa wliose languuges are derived tram the 
Latin; Italy, Spnin, nnd Franco. Of the Fairy- bv stem, if 
there ever waa one, of Portugal we have met with nothing, 
at least iu the works of Caiiioens, Bemardes, nnd Ijobo, 

The reader will, iu this part of our work, find little corro- 
Hponding to the (Joliiic Dwarfs who have hitherto been our 
eompanions. The only one of our former iwMiuaiiilanceii 
that will attend us ia honest Hob-goblin. Brownie. Kotiold, 
His, or however else he may style himself. And it ia vory 
remarkable that we shall meet with him only in tho*.- places 
where the Northmen, the Visigoths or other Scandinavian 
tribes settled. Whence perhaps it might be concluiled that 
they brought biin with them to the liouth of Europe, 


Mk4 a Eandflf KflBpb 
Wllblo (tu da*]' an*. 

Thk Greieian mythology, like its kindred systems, abounded 
in personifications.* 3todilied by •rcn<<ry to beautiful, rich, 

* Se* our Mytha'd^^ of Ancient fltecM uid 1ul7,1rh<n (p. 3S7) m«l D( 
vhM fellvKi vjU bv fcuod, witb udK*. 




and vsLn'ous u Ilelks pmented, it ia general asaigncd tli« 
RupfKuicd intrl!i[:i-ncm vho prmtAod over ttwvsnoiu pvta 
of t^it«nml luture morv pltwsinjt sUnbulM tluui thej cla^ 
where enjoyod. TbcT wcrp mo*tly concwiTpd to b4> of tb» 
fetnnlc nr-x.iuid wnrtt dcnoininntiil ]^I j-mpha, a wonl origioallj' 
siguifying tt u^W'uameit woman. 

Whether it be owin^ to aoU. climnto. or to on ongitui di»- 
potiiticin of mt&d «id tta otgan, tho Gnrck* linvc uIkitc! al: 
otli«r people poaaened a percet^ion of bL-aut;r °^ fom>. and a 
fo a dnw ibr wpraw n ting it. Th« Nymph* ofTarioui kind* 
weov tliaKlbre alw^ra prmrnted to tbu imaffiaatiaii, in the 
perfectiou of female youth aud beauty. Under the vnrioua 
anppllatioiia of Orendcs, Urradea, Nudes, Liraniadfti, 
>i(rrcidc9, they dwelt in moiintnini, tre««, upringa, laliea, thd 
aea, where, iu cav«nia and groltOH, they passed a life wboM 
occupntioofl resembled tlioae of fomalen of bomna moe. IIm 
Wood-Dyaiphs were tho compnnionii and att«adanta of tha 
huulresH (^oddetm Art^miEi; the Sea-uyinpha avcrtf^ iilup* 
wnvk from pious oavigatora ; and the i^ring- and Rirer- 
nyiiiphs poui^ forth fraitfulneaa on tho earth. All of them 
werv honoured with pntycr and aacriiioe ; and all of tbem 
occasionally ' miiiffled in love' with favoured mortals. 

Id the Homeric poems, the mort luiL-ient portioD of 
Qivdan libiratuKi, wc meet the various clasw* of Nrmpha. 
In the Odysaej, they are the attendants of Calypso, heraelf 
a go<ldc4a and a nymph. Of the fenmle ntb-ndnnta of Ciroe, 
the puU^nt daiiglit«r of Ili^ios, also dLiiif;itat«d ati a goddeoB 
and a nymph, it is aud, 

Thej iTRug from ^ntain* vi<) Troin wuad gnra^ 
And hulj ttrMiu* ll»t flow ial« Ih* M*. 

Tet these nymphs are of ^vine nature, and when Zeo*, the 
&ther of the god», calls together hia council, 

Kon* €>T the ttrcnnu. mre Ocxxm. stared anj. 
Kor irf Uie Nymphs who dwell in bcuitcoiu gro*«% 
And RpringB ot stituna, uid Tonkut gnHf liadaa. 

The i;ood Eiimn;iis prays to the NvmphH to speed t^ re4um 
of his master, renundmg them of tne numerous sacrifioei 



tnyiuH'K hrvJ olTfri-d to thiMn. In anutlurr part of the pooK, 

their uacrud vavo is iliua df^scribwl ; — 

But *t the harbour'* hmrl > loii|t-lmfnd elira 
OrowK. uxl near to it lict a lovolj aa«, 
Dufky nuJ mcrcd to tlio Nyraphi^ whom raoa 
Ckll HBldok In It laiga cmton lio. 
And two-«arod pitdui^ tU of ibmo. >nd thoro 
Bern build thai combs. In it. too, arc long loom* 
Of irtoiiv, mill tlifirp (ho KfinpliB clo wrave their n>biM> 
Sw-^iurplfS wgjiilnius to fwhokl. Ajv-tlovLuff 
VTuore ai« Uien< j two nntnaiut it huit ; 
That la th* Dorib li porvloun unto rnca ; 
Thftt lo tbo louth more suTcd in. luid than 
iStsa BDtcr Dot, bu( 'lis the linmortiUii' path. 

Tet though thufl exalted in rank, the Homeric Nymphii fiv 
qamtly 'bleMccl the bed' of hcrors; and many a wflirior 
who fought before Troy could bonst descent Irom a JS'nie or 
a Nereis. 

The Bweet, gentle, pioua, Ocwin-nymphB, who in the Pro. 
mi'thous of .Csvhylua nppcar na the codsoIctb and adviaera 
of its dignified hi-ro, seem to hold a nearly similar rvlatioii 
with man to the Bunemal godn. Ueholdinc the misery 
infliet«d va Prometiieiu by tlio power of Zciu, tbo; 

1l»j n*i«r tba *31-ni1is( 
Zm wt Iiii rival p«nr«r 

Againal uij thmi)|lil*; 
Nor mar I orar fiul 
The goJM, Willi bolv ttMim 
Of aKnfloci^ drawliig aaa, 
Vmiim Uio cmmIsb stmun 

Of blhar Ortbn : 
Sor may I ert lii »i«rdii ; 
But tbii kbido wiUi mo 

And nomr &do wnf. 

One of tbe most intereatiDg epceies of Xympha is tho 
Dmda, or lliinuubyiuls. those personiHentious of the Tego- 
table lifi! of plunta. In tbo itotneric Uyrati to Aphrodit^ 
wo find the following full and accurate dcacription of ihem. 
Aphrodite, when ibp infomu Anchisea of her pregoanor, 

and htr Atiao to have it kno«^ otnong the goili, hj> of Um 
child : — 

Bal him, wbaa Bnt he ■»« the nm'ti pIou- tigbt. 

Tho Kfinphii (111111 iw. the uiountiLm hnunluig If]n>plM 

X}trv boHoiDodt who on thu inomiUia RToat 

And holj? -^wu'll, who ni-ithar godJmjw 

Kur vomr^ij nni. Tlifir life iit lonv ; tli**y nt 

Aiulini(iBl (iMtl. ami oilb the il«athlain fmui* 

T1)a bimilaOM daneo. With thom. in Iha i 

Of 1«Talj' tarm, w«U ■pylng Ar^oa-tuyir 

And the Sili^ni mil in love. Slniofat pinaa 

Or ookii lig;)i-hi»iliy1 spriiuc vritli theni neon 

The earth iDui-fn>diii|{, aoon a* thtj an Mm; 

Tim (air and aouriahioji; oo tfaahiith UU* 

Loft; tha; abiDili tha livathlaM* mend gnfn 

Hob <M tham, and with lion tmret cuL 

Bnt wben tha IhU of death ii dnwiog near. 

Pint withirr on the osrth thv bcauMotu tiMK 

Tlia bait aroimil them wvit^, tha hrandiM tM, 

And the firiiiuli'n wul al tha aauie uMisaiit I 

Tba auo'i uii UtfhL 

Tbty powewrd pnwer to rrwnril fttid punish tlieae who 
pralongra or oliridgi'd thy t'liali'iicie of tlipir a«ifuoiHU'-tree, 
lu the Arranaulics of ApolloniuB Hhodiiis, Phincu* thus vx- 
plftiaa to toe henxn the cause of the porcri}' of Pervbitu :— • 

But ha wM pajing the ptnaltf laid on 

MiH tutlicr't iTiuia : for ODO time, mltlog trew 

Alone unoDg the hills, ha apufned the prajer 

Of tha UamailiTBB Mjrmph. rrho, >revptii(; nra, 

WHh aaiKMt woria b««ou|[hi hini tint to ciit 

Tha trunk uf an oak tro<v whlcli. wiUt tiaraalf 

CooTul. ha<l endured for nunj ■ J"*ar. 

Bnt. in the pndo of ^outh. ho fooliBhlf 

Cut it; and to him and tn hia nca Uia Njmfli 

OaT« cTcr after a liil proGtIaM. 

The ScholiMt gives on thia passage the following tale from 
Charon of Lain|»iu!un : 

A man. namod Khmcua, happening to poe ta oak juat 
readr to fall to the nound, oraered hia akvea to prop it. 
The Nymph, who had been on the point of periahinc vitli 
tlio tnic, cnmc to him and «otprc**ed her eratitudo to him 
for having saved her life, and at th« aftme time deairod him 



to ask whnt rennnl he would. Bhtrous then reque^^d her 1 
to permit liiiu to be her lover, and the Njmph ucctnlrd la ^^S 

Kin H'iklie*. She nt the Biiine timo charged mm strictly Ut ^^^H 
avoid llie society of every other wonian, aud told him llmt a 
bee should bo her mcaveDger. One time the bi-e happoiifd 
to come to EhcFcmt us he wna playing at draughts, aud he 
made a rough reply. This bo inceimed the Nymph that she 
deprived him of sight. 

Simitar was the fate of the Sicilian Daphnis.* A Na'i» 
loved him and forbade him to hold iutercourse with any other 
womun under pain of lo^ of Bight. Lang he nb.sliLiiR-d, 
though tempted by the fatreet maidn of Sicily. At length a 
priacesB contrived to intonicAte him : ho broke his vow, and 

^^H Fimia Krrephmni riiglentiini (niMar, ^^^H 
^^^^1 rvr mm tinrB ipriea tiitt ^^^^^M 

^^K itgHTin. ^^^H 

TTRTOBTUKiTELT ToT OUT knowledge of the ancient Italian 
mythology, the ballad-poetry of Home ia irrecovemhly lout. 
A similar fate haa bofidlen the literature of Etruria, Uiiibria, 
tad other nnrta of the peninsula. Ths powerful inllucuco 
eierdaed Dy Grei-iau gouius over the couquerors of tbo 
Grecian states utterly annihilated all thnt waa national nud 
domeetic in literaturo. Not but that l..atiii poetry abounds 
ill mj-thologic matter; but it is the mytholoKy of CJri-'ive, 
not of Italy ; and the reader of Virgil and Ovid will observe 
with surprise how little of what he meets in their worki ii 
^^ So much howe»er of the population cf ucient ItiSj, 

^^B * Pwtliaiiiu BrsUc*, tbip. aiia. ^^^^ 



partinil&rly of IiAtium. vne Pelasgtao, that it U natonl to 
■ujipiiMi a, KTcnt simiUritjr bctwtvn the religiow vyttt am of 
IjBtmm aii(i Uellns. Tb« Latioii do uot, however, appear to 
have bclioToii in cbniro of Nymphs. Thorn n-e read of, aucli 
a* EKt-ria, Anna PL-nmnn, Julunia, are all «oUtarTi «U 
dwellOTs of fouDtaina, strraiits. and lakes. Tbe Italian Di&iu 
did not, lik(! the Qrtwian Arti^mia, apced omr the inountaiiu 
atteuded by a train of bushiiied ormphs. No Di^wli imught 
to avert thp fntc of their kiudrad treea — no Kereidea sported 
on thci wiiviMi. 

DwarfiBii deities they had none. We ftre indeed told of 
the Ijnrn, pnrtirulsrly the rural L)tr», na answering to tho 
Qothic! Dwnrfn ; hut no proofa atv olfurcd eici-pt the diminu- 
tiTe siie of their sUtuN. Tliis we hold to amount to 
nothing. Arr w« tn mippow tho foUowiag Uucs of I'lautua to 
hate bwa ddivered by aa "eyo*? " 

I/wt »ny iniirr»i who I ntn. I nhall 
Briirllf iloclikTV tL 1 uu tli« lamilj lar 
Of tliM hnuM wlioDor f uu •M' mo coming Out. 
Ti* iiuuiT jvuv iiuw tlial I k«cp and guaHt 
Tiki* bunlly ; both tuhar aail gnndiira 
or lilm dial hu it now, L^o proti»E(«d. 
<• Now hia mndiin tntntM«d ma > troaiuw 

Of gold, that 1. unknon w nil, ihoiild keop !L 
• « • * ■ 

&• IiM one daivthtor. who. nmdb dcf with wiae 
Or inoMM*, or with aomMliinit woiihipa mcL 

Shs glinn ma crowiiK. anil I in noompviw* 
IIbii: now miuic Kudio liud (ha lr(auu« out. 
That if he will, ho UMJ more ratdilx 
0«t bar a umtoh,* 

Vb^ Lars were a portion of ihe Elnirian Tvligion, The 
BtfUMSn word Lar sigiiiHes Lord, wilh irLioli it has a 
curious but cnsunl rmii'nihlnnwr.t Tho liur* wer« n-garded, 
lilci> tho On-inau hcruea. aa being the aouls of men wbo^ after 
death, still hoTcred about their fonnor abodea, aveKiog 
dangrra (mm, nnd brntoH'iiig blesiting* on, the iuhubitanta. 
They diff-jri'd from tbe Pwutos, irho were, properly npcak- 

f Sm anr Mjlholagj of Onici and lul^, p. ilt; uti ocr Ond'* FmM, 
Blcunui I*. 




ing, Gods, beingfl of a higher tuttiirc person ilioations of 
natuml powera, ihe girui's ut ubiin(liiiii.-e and wealth. 

The (ilil ItiiHans, it uupears. belii'ved in a being, wo know 
not of what sine, callca an Incubo, tliat watched over trea- 
■UTD. " But whut they say 1 know not," sars Petroniiw,' 
but I have lioard how he snatched the cap of au Incutio aad 
found a treasure." 

Keeperting the Fairr mythology of the modem Italian*, 
what we have been able to collect la very little. 

The people of Naples, we are told,t believe in a being 
very nmcli resembling the Incubo, whom they call the 
Monnoiello, or Little Monk. They describe him as a short, 
thick kind of littlu man, dressed in the long {[nrments of a 
monk, with a broad-brimmed hut. He anpeara to people ia 
the dead of the night, and beckons to tliem to follow liiiu. 
If they have eoumge to do 80, he leads them to Home placft 
where trenaure is concealed. Several are said to have mndo 
eudden fortunes tlirougb liim. In the Neapolitan slory-book, 
named the Pentamorone, of which we shall presently give an 
ftceount, we mtet with a Monnciclln of a very diilcrout 
cliaract«r from this guardian of hidden treaiinre. 

Id the second t-alo of the first day of that work, when th« 
prince in the night heard thf noiuc mailo by the Fairy in his 
room, "he thought it was some ehamber-boy coming to 
lighten bis purse for him, or some Monaciello to pull the 
clothes oif him." And in the seventh tale of the third day 
of the sanio collection, when CorvtrlU) had hidden himiaJf 
under the Ogre's J bed to steal his quflt, '■ he bcgau lo pull 

* SiKrina, (h. SS. Sunt giu nmttm (tbrcuU*) /ncatiHKin ate rttiM. 

Scliol. Hot. Iwt. i>. 6, n. 

f Vicuiriii, lul; und ilic luliini, voL 1. pp. Kl> IfiS. 

X J^huorco, ilie OtiM of bvjkrdo uiJ Arloiiu, protiAbtj dfrirrd ^nm (h« 
[Alln OrciK : let Mitliol, vf GR«n tnd U»]y. f. 637. In lb» iliittiiiliim ma 
finj ihtl «e hikd been nntldpatcd h; Mlniini in hi> nolo nn llm Uiilmuililg 
RtcquitHto, c. 11. u. .'A. 

In « «Ti>rk, fmm vrhtrb wv liAiv iltiriind aamr rn'onniktiDii {I.rtErT« nt ]«• 
CoolM i** Virt, Parit, 1826), nrnudfinblo piiii urr !tiki-n, »s Iliibk lu llllta 
pnrpoVt (a Hadnri* Xhn PftnrhOgrt from ihv CJi~|fi>iin,a TurLu tfib«vvtio with 
Ihr mhri iribrm of llml pnuiilr im^ril Kutni« ill Ihc luclftli «nlurf Id Ih* 
OlHdurr dn U tviiiguo Kaiiiaiiic. Ojfn a rxylahtcil hj Uvvgjoi*. AFkj orifi, 
\o«tT«, ihil milt ilie r<DUiiieteiic Kill »c* ilul ibo ugl]', cmif), nHa-«*UB| 


qHit« emtly. when t)i« Ogro Dwok«, and bid hi« wife not 
pull Ine (■liithcn tlint way, or iihti *d Ktrip him, mmI Iil- would 
ffit bin dt'ntli of I'uld." " Why, it 'h you tlut are •Iripiiing 
■nt^" ivpticd tiio Uiprcfls, "and you haT« not left a etilcn on 
me." "Where the di-ril in the quilt P" aays th« Ogre; and 
nutting his hand to the erunnd, ho bappeited to t«uch tlw 
face ot Corvctto, aiiil inimediat«lv bef^au to shout out, ** This 
Moniicii'llo, the Mimjiricllo, ho"lii! cnndlen! nin, run!" 
Corvetto, meiuiwUilu, got ulT with hi* priMi through An 

It is quitfi clear that the Itfonacicllo is the same kind oi 
K-iti^ IU1 thi; Ilounn-npirit i>r thi! Outho-Ovrmiu) ntttiona. 
He nei-nis lo beluu|{ peculiarly to Na|)ic«, fur ve have not 
heard of him in any other pnrt of Italy. Now we are to 
rwrollePt thiit lliiB was the vi-n' plat'c in which the NomuULS 
settU-il, and ao he iiiiiy he ihi-ir Nib or Kubold ;t or, m% bo 
is SO very like the Spanish l>nendc, he may be that being 
hitmdiiei'd by the Arngoncse, who seein to have cxri-clseid so 
mKi'h influence over the laitgimge und nianncni of th« peopi* 
of Nople», 

The belief in MerniBidi alsii prerailed in modem Italy. 
Iti the rrif^ of Hogtr, kiii|; of Sicily, a yniin^ miui happeti- 
iuK to be DathinK n\ the sea late in the evening;, uervetved 
that Homethini; was following him. Supposing it lo be ona 
of hi* companions, he cnnght it by the likir, and dramcd it 
on ehorf . But find iug it to be a maiden of great wauty 
and of most perfect forro, he threw his cloak about her, aixl 
took her home, where she continued with him till they had a 
son. Thi-re waa one thins however which creuily 'Krievrd 
him, which wae the roflGction that so bcautifiil a form aboukl 
be dunib, for he had never heard her KpcrJi. One day h« 
wwt rvproachod by one of hia companions, who aaid that it 

HuDRu ii [ilninlv tn Or" 1 ">'' ihnv Fipn it ihr Inn di frntM paar i' 
(Ijniolu^y vill lir (I no low tn •Iritiicv Ogii rraoi Olio. Sm Talii and Popn- 
)>r Picil.inf n. 333. 

* In ■Tiothcr .if Ihn*^ Intr*, It i* md nf % jwug inan. «1iii. ao bn4hia|r 
Vfrf t null, Iniiiiil a hn'i'ifiil iniiilcii iii il, IliM Ijc Hood lor b alille I'liiiwn 
tkiliit cfu All rijfo lt> M'jntu^tJt'K 

+ Hi* Tilft ud foi>uiar Picuaai, ciiip. II. p. 'i69 ; M« ^n ^Ml 





nae s spiH'tru, nnil tint; a rml «i>mnii, thai he haJ at luiinir: 
bL'iijg both aitgrv and ti^mtiecl, lie luld liis baud on the liilt 
of hiB »worJ, and urged licr with vchemcinoe to tell him who 
or whut she vae, threalcuing if she did not do su, to kill the 
child before her eyes. The apirit onlv saying, llmt he bad 
lost a good wile bj forcing her to speak, iiistaTitiy vanished, 
leuiiiig her son behind. A few yrnra aftt-r, aa the bov wa» 
playing on the Sfa-ohope with his cuinpaiiiuiiB, the spirit liia 
mother dragged him into the §e-n, where he waa drowned.* 

We now come to the Fate of romance and tale. 
The eurlieat notiee that we ran recollect to have geffn of 
theHe potent ladicB ia in the Orlando Innaniorato, whero wc 
meet tne celebrated Fata Morgana, who would at first appear 
to bf, as n peraoiiitication of Fortune, a being of a h^jher 

ItI t niu fata oumila Morgui^ 

Chs s la gciiti ilivome duni Tuim ; 

Qunnto e per tutta il muml" or He ne aguado 

CvDvlan cii« ad wm prima lu diuuuido. 

L. L 0. ur. lb 6. «L 1831. 

But T« ivflf^rwnrds And her in her proper ttatioii, subjecti 
with the ?'iiU-aml WiU-hes, to the redoubtable Demogoi^on.t 
When Orlandu. on delivering Zilaut« bvm her, makea her 
•wear by that awfiil power, the poet saya ; 

Supni OK°i fnta t quel DFinogoi^itono 

iKoD 90 w niiu I'ddistc nirFuiitiuv) 
• K'udita tra loro i; (n niKiun?, 
K ijunl din puma ■ lui [>uA -h lur Ibr*. 
Ia ni>[t« lu caviUn ut uii luixiuniu. 
Tniwca Id niaatnunp n [ihjbw 11 iii]U% 
G ilngrt, e/alt, a nmlaniiiic vuie 
Batte oob wrpi vivo o^t iLiQiWb 

6a le Htroia U iliinmo ul tumidi), 
P«reli^ 11(11) (loniiv nl K'omo miiiiinrira, 
l^to III Inillu ■) co]]H> rurilxiiidu 
Cha voIoDticr lurriou [>uMr iiiunr*. 


(iiiL li mi protobi; Inm Uocnccia'* Ueiinloftt Deerum (ImI Bojudu fM 
bU kn«wladgc of Um. 



Or I* tnouont |ia nol mar ««raodo> 
(h'M|ii«il««n(osMln b neinv 
Or p*r il how £•!(« « at 1o nnw; 

L. n. c xUL M. Sr. 3«t 

Accordinff to Ario»to,* Defoog^rKOD tiM b Bplcudid tempi* 
paWe in the llinaUirs iDountain*, wKither wery oRk 
year tho F^te nrv ali mmiiiODed to anponr before him, 
nnd giro mi account of th«ir aetiona. TiM-jr tnr<j throngh 
the air in noiooa atrange ronvcTancee, and it ii no ean- 
mattvr to dUtinguiah between their oonrcntioD and a Sabbatn 
oftho WitcbM. 

We ine«t with another Fata in 13ojardo,t th« beautiful 
SDvanellA, who mined a lom1> over Narcitaui, and then di&- 
solvod Bwar into a fountun. 

Tfani Brandamartsopen* the tnognifioeDt tombaod ktMea 
the hideon* M-rpent that thnuta out tt« he«d, it graduaU/ 
beoomea a beautiful maldvu. 

Cl»' I'l.UKnito av« I'liltn (uliioda 
R '1 Iml giimlinn o qui^ll* wiKtllura, 
Ofc un gnu lompo i «taU )D pona doHL 

Puvhi) unn fftla nan puA moHr nu). 
Sin ehe non i^un);i) il g^oino dsl fiiuSdo, 
Uft ben DC ta ku4 fimoa dun laaUt 
Uiir umi piii, ■! como io i^^ induHO. 
Poi (noeome di qu«sta io >i cootai 
<lnal bbtvicBto btc* il bell' cdifixio} 
Id htiw u tnuoula « statii Unto 
Ch« di bacurla alcun m doui il isnto. 

h,a.e. SIT), (t II. IX. 

The other Fate who appear in this poem are Le Flats 
Kemaiid Bianca, theprotectrr»sp«of Uuiooneand Aquilaute; 
the Fata dclln Fotite, rrcim whom Iklandricnrdo obtutna tb* 
arms of llwtor, and Bually Alciua, Uie bUIct of Morgana, 
wlio earned off Avtolfo. ]>r)igoiitiDa niid FnlcHna, tbs 
ownrra of tiiich uplendid garden*, may abin have been Fate^ 
though tliey ara not call«d ao by the poet. 

■ I C>n(;i» Cinil, u\.U.l-mf. 

t I.ih. n, tA it, Mf, 


Alfiaa re-appears iii great spU'ndour in the OrUitcI* 
Furioso, whoro alie is giveu a eii^tor naiced LogixtiUa. ant 
both, like Morgnna in the preceding poem, are iu a great 
■ueaHure allegurk'ul. We al*o olitalii there a glimpac of thi> 
"White and Black Fate. The Maga Manto of Daule be- 
comes here n Fata, anil we nK^ct ber in the Ibria of a serpout ; 
tu account lor whicli slie aays, 

Na*ceniino aJ un |itintn cliS d' ogn; altro l 
SiiutKi oipiicL fuor cho della uiorts. 
Ma ^itinlA i mn quGnto trtacro UnattyriaSi) 
Cmxdiaoo nan man del tnurir lirte ; 
Ch' ogDi ■Dttimo gionia 0){uiiiin ^ iwtU 
Che U niB fonua in liiacin li cunrerta, 

£Uo>here (i. S2) the poet tella us that 

Morir rmn iitioto lUmiiui full tmu 

F^ {Ji£ il Sul gin, il ciul nou muta atSo. 

In the Amadigi of Bernardo Tamo the Fate appear for 
the lust time in Ilalian ptw-tn* ;• but in greater number, 
and, we may nay. greater apleuduiir thuu eisett'hore. There 
arc two elnases of them, tnc bcnellccnt and protective, luid 
the reductive aud injurioitii. The terms Mttgn and luean- 
tatricc. as well as Fata, are upplitrd to them all Lndilferently. 
The good Fairy-ladles are Urgunda. termed La lapia and 
Jm MConoiHuta,f the g\iardian of Amndigi, and thn fair 
Oriana; Silvuna or tidv-aiiella who stands m a nimilur rela- 
tion to Alidoro; Luciiia, also named La Donna del Lnfa^ 
nni^her prativtrcKi of Alidoro and of hiit Ind^'-tove, the ttur 
warrior Miriiida, sister of Amndigi; Eufrosina. the sister of 
Liieinai Argcn, called La Ifeiua della Fate, the protcutrrM 
of yioridimte, to whom, after ninking him undergo varioua 
trials, she gives her daughter Filidora in marriage; flnall)', 
Argoa's pistcr FUidca, The Fate whose chnnict.r resembloit 
thttl of Alciua ore Morgniicttn, Nivcttu, and CurviUa, the 

■ ThsR i(, boiR«cr, t Mugs u> Fiiti MDud Pililnii* in th* Man* tt 

t !>■ Sibil wM L« DnraDocldo of ihe srigMiil rnmanrr, whicb Tuw 
felldn nrj cliadjr is •ver}lhi>it nlaliui lo Aniadli uid Omni. 



Bovjatts rvsoR. 

Amiaa^MtnatJLtrffom. Beside ^MMllMBm- two Fat* 
of iwvlm clianetcr, DngtMJtiBa, wbo fbfiDed »|nlM«, t«iapl0 
■nd ganfena, in wbicli, »t tiM dcaira cf Iwr btiiar. M* 

•DciiuiUd a joung prin«c and bw wife ; and Utxilmk, wbo, 
to avfiit^ ibe &U uf her 1ui-«t. iIud br AUdoro, eodiaiitcd 
that warrior in s temple wLtdi abe had raued to tho metaarf 
ot tite taUnx.* 

lb (•gfiaiB A' io DOB dUavi troppo a tarda 
Ocm qnMta Alan* • Mt/tifii*. 

Th« mrtiMit eoHectiiRM of European Fairy-lair* in prcM 
bdoBg to luly. Ill ISGO.Stniuaiuta.a mlive ofCanruapa, 
in the UiIaDc«o, publiohcd III Venice ki« Notti Piacer^ a 
ooUoCtion of fatlo, jnkca, and riddtc*, of which wTml. and 
tbooe ttie beat, are rairy-takti. Tlrnx^ wi-n- tno»l»t«l into 
French in lliOO-TO, and teem to hare b«-u the o«f^ of \ht 
•0 wdl known CoDt«s dn Fn^ Perrauh'a l*uas in Boot* 
(J> CAo/ /(o(/(',) and th« PrinmBi Faintar {fMU JOoib,) 
aud uiaciy uthi-ra of MaduiDv D'Aulnoy'n, who borrowM 
largely frum the Notti Piucevoli, are to be found in Straparota. 
Ill 1C37, eigl)ty-wTCD Tc*ra aA^-r thf Notti PiaoeroU 
appeariKl at Naplca, and in tlio Xenpulitan dialect, tl>a 
Pentaiuenfiie. t)ie be«t «iDe«1ion of t'aiiy-taltaeti-r written.! 
The author, UiambattiHta Itasilo.t had gpfttt hia youth in 
C'niidia, and then ptwM-d mtv^stm yearn rambling tiirousb 
Italy, lie seenia to have carefully treaeured up oU the taba 

^1 prrhjLp* be ■iirpriwil I'l Irvn lliBI II ia, TiLct Iht Ke^himo^ th« fDOrt brtHi 
lifiil runiBiilk pofiii in the Tuiimi Ikriifiiftgr, gtm:tttit] vtj (vnt bIhkm t* 
t%ctm<. Ii ia ttniiKc Ihitl tt ihouM be nrgln^lrd m tuJjr klio. On* OA* 
■»}' hi tu lirnKIli <Uiic lluiiilrtJ Ciriiu), inDlhrr ihn mniunl *nd iinnilitiil 
breaking filT vf ilie ■!«?»*, %od pribip Ilio cLlrf unr, rU trriouft mont Iqim io 
AitT^rvM tiitui ihkf of Arlmro It mliEhi be ■i^lcj Tbv l^gcf>il uf Curjilvtr;, 
for the loT of lit Itenft tnil hcfoinn^ proof iifmlnBt *U tcuiJtdliouL Jtt, 
rviiur* tlwrifp tit ftbotmillnf in tnndAloii* tloncs ^ n<^i nttrcft, fur U 1i la 

iL, npprrfiiiipa ii far niorp juilljr, 

+ Hri- T«l« >nd Pn[ni1«f FSftion*. p llt.1. Th» Pmliinfrone we mi; 
Abhirvn, wu not A title fTvph Id ll by the kiiihur ^ in hk^ mvinpr the ddIj 
title Fielihnir five lii* ^roil wnrk hub The H'ttnr^ pf t KonndlinjE- 

t He w» lir&lheria Aifriutk ud undc to l.«oiiurB Kftraui, thv ladiM ulifo 
DUileil Ulcnu Hilton nlsbnli^ 



tie lieard, and he wrote and publiiliod them, nnder Uio 
feigned nnnie of Uiiin Alesio Aboatutis, in Lib uativu diultict, 
uot long before liia death. 

In the Tales and Popular Pii^tiouB we gavp eomo trans- 
lations (roui the ?Jotti I'laeevoli, the onlv ones in English, 
and they will probnlily remain such, as the work is not ontt 
likely erer to be translated. In the same work we gnre two 
from the Peutameruue, and three (tlie Dra^'un, Gagliuso, and 
the Goutfttce) in the former edition of tbe present work. 
Most certainly we were the first to render any of these 
curious tales iutu Kuyliah, and we look back with a mixture 
of pleasure and surpnHC at our suecees in the unnidcd 
struggle with an idiom ho different from the claasiu Italian.* 
We I'aiieied thai wo Imd been the first to make IrunslatioUB 
from it into any language, but we afterwards learned tliat of 
the two tales in our other work, the onu, I'eruonto, had boon 
translated into Freueb ([inibnbly by the Al)lie Ooliiuii) for 
the <^abinet dea Fees, the other, the Serpent iiilu (lentiaii, 
by M. Gnmm.t Of late, this most original wurk has been 
brought within the rencii of ordinarj- rradei"* by two traiw- 
lations. the one in German by Felix Liehreeht, who htu given 
the work eoiiinlete with few otiiissioiis ; the other in English 
by M r, 3 E, Taylor, who ha* m.ido a selection of thirty tales, 
and theae most carcfidly ex|nirgntpd, in ord(*r that agrcoablj 
to its seeoiid title, it nnuht form a hunk of amun-ment cvos 
for children — a most dimeult task, mid in which his sueceas 
has been far greater than might have been anticipated. AU 
our own translations have hcen ineornornted in it, and wo can 
safely refer to it those who wiali to Know Ibo rool character 
and nature of the Pentamerone. 

Whatever name Duailc might give his book it is nnite 

?lain that he never could have meant it nierely for chihiren. 
he langui^e alone is proof enough on that head. It ia, 
bcsiden, full of lutnied oilusioiui anu of keen satire, so that it 

• Ex, |r. Kiume It lAJsruf; Vioir, ikitirt ; Pii^t, rkiaja ; Piombii, 
fjJnuMHo; Bloiidu. ghiuntio. Tlitre jto Uke»i«c imiircmiii Hiijwiiri«mt. 
Thu» gav/Ia \h G«yhikV> ^hkili wc iJt trndrrrd a{^h, ii iltci Spnutili jaija, 
csfvt Bn'l tlic mcvntiig app4rtn[lj' It rbkt he wuuI4 linve Ehc e*t lEtirTcJ tiid pu 
fn 1 fluM-oH; In lllia minnrr njllug ilic ciri auiia (u in hu Uttasa a acjt 
9^} ' ICNI1 In iho (iltyi ot Culttnoit. 

t Id ibo TuclicDburb fllr slldsuucber Zclt und Kuiiit, IBIt, 


tot'TiiKiLf icnorx. 

toiild only ho nncBntood knd rclwhed by grown penona, fbr 
mhofn amiucinont it vw designed ; And ita tain 
nre surelj not much aiont cilmvnK^int ilmn >tmv ofthimr iu 
Ariosto and the ollior roiiiAiitii- jHiets. It iu r»:l ainvr ma 
a rliiUl'* book tike th« Contca de ma MifK V Oic. It hM 
now becouie wrj (caret) ; wu couid not at Nnplct moot 
witb a cop; of it, or i^'en with amy one vho bad niad it. 


Oiili'ii qnlmquHud 
Kl /nam qua u do 

MTiiKx wo tiiquiitxl aft«r tlic fiiirv-syntcm of Spain, w» 
were tdld Ibut there waa no nuch tliitifc, fur tliat Iho Inqui- 
sitioD had long since eradicated all xuch ideas. Meat 
cortniiilv w<i would not willingly be regnrdwl a« pnrtisaDs of 
the Holy OfliH.-, yi't atill ne inuxt cxprtita our doubt of the 
truth of thiH charge, lu iSL'lii>r Lloruute'e «otk, as far us 
wo van recollect, thoro is no account of proscctitiona for 
Duemlp-hcnaiy ; find even to the Holy Offiru *c Khoiitd 

five its due. Still, with all our diligence, our coUeotion of 
beriaiL fairy-lore is exti'eniL'Iy ecaoty. 
Our onrlict aiithoritv fnr Spiin, ns for other coiintriea, ia 
the celcbriitird niitnihiiU of Chunipijigui^ Gerviue of Tilbuij, 
vbo thus relates : — 


F^r Saugttrr of 10rttr Br tfabinam. 

la tbe bishoprick of Oerunda (i. e. Qerooa). aod the pi 
Tinco of Cntnl'>iii.i, standii a mountnia which the natit-rs ntll 
Convngum. It iis very nteeji, and on ita ■luiunil a a lake of 

■PA IX. 


dark water, bo iloep tlint it cnnnot be futhomeil. The nlmile 
of the Dcmona is iti tliin lake ; and if a st<3iie, or anytiiing 
el**, be tliromi into ir, tlitTC riecs from it an awful tempest. 
Not far from this nioiinwin, in n villngc numod Jiinclieni, 
tivrd a niim named Peter ile Cnbiiinrn, who biding one day 
auuoyed by the ctying of liia little girt wished in his anger 
that tlio DemoDH might fetch her away. The child inatautly 
Tnninhed — SDutclied away by iuvisible hands— aiid wan atwn 
no more. Tiniu paiised on : and it was Heven yean after 
thia event, when a man belonging to the viilngo, im ho waa 
one dnv rnmbling about the foot of the mountain, mil a 
■nan weeping bitterly, and bewHJliiig his hard fate. On 
inquiry, he siiid thnt he had now been seven vcare in the 
mountain under tliu power of the Demons, who empU)yl^d 
him aa a beast of burden. He added, that there was ulati a 

f]rl in the monntain, the daughter of Peter de Cabinam of 
unchern, a Bervunt like himself; but thnt thoT were tirpd 
of her, «nd ttoialJ restore her to her father if he cnm« t*> 
claim her. AViien this information came to Peter do Cabi- 
Qaai, he forthwith ascended the moniitaiu, and f^oiag to the 
edge of the lulie, he besnuglit the JJemona to give him back 
hia child. Like a sudden guat of wind she came, tall in 
st^iture. but wasted and tlirly, her eyes rolling wildly, and 
her spceeh in art ini late. The father, not knowing what to 
do with her, a|)|died to the Bishop of Gerunda, who took 
this opportunity of edifying his people by eihibitin)|[ tha 
girl to tnem, and warning them against the daii;;er of wishing 
thnt llie hemonn had their ehildren. Some time alW tho 
iniin also wiis releaaed, and from him the pi-ople Iranicd tlsat 
at the bottom of tho lake there was a lar^e nalaee. with a 
wide gate, to whieh palnee the I)emoDB repnired from all 
parts of the world, and whieli no one could euter but theui< 
selvOB, and thoM; they brought tliither.* 


Olid ImiHTiatiip ji. SlS'2. 

Tlw DsoMM BiuM btia Imd tem» kind i 

•omiiaii ctiiurB. 

dtigui of Oft AauM t ( ftuo. 

At Don Diego Lopex. Icrd of K*caf, waa one dttj ijing 
in wait for the wild boar, be heard tbe roiee of ft wonum 
wbo T» ningins. On kxikinK around, h« brKrld on thm 
•nmmit of a rr«k a (Umad, eict.-«iingtv bwtutiful, aiul ricbljr 
Bttiivd. StnitU-n with her charau. Be proffered her Lis 
hand. In irpt;, »lic mmttvd htat tlut ah*' iraa of high 
deaocot, but fnidc)]* aoccptnl hU pttiArrt^ hand ; niaktug, 
hdwerer, one ooodition — li« «m neicr to nmuoimoe a h<^ 
natne. Traditioo my* that tho fair kndv had only one 
debet, which waa, that t>ii« of hrr fnrt *»« like that of a 
coat. Dii^go Lopez, huwcver. lored hi^r well, and alie botv 
Rim twu childmi, a daughter, and a aou named luigtiei 

Now it happened one day, as tliej were rittine at dinner, 
t}iat the lurd of BioL-ay threw a boiM to th« duK*. futd a 
niaatiff aud a apanicl qunrrciled about it, and the spaniel 
eripcd the tniuitiir dv thu thmnt, and throttli^ him. " Holr 
iinry ! " uidaiiiu'd ^oa Dii-Ro. " mho ever aaw the like ? ' 
Instantly the la>ly riuieht hold of the hands of her ohildran; 
l>icgo M-ixrd and hcltl the boy, hut tho mother glided through 
the air with the dauf[hti-r, and nought agiitu the ciountaina 
trheove abe bad eocne. Uiego recnaiued alone with his son; 
Aod aome yrara aRrr, whrn he invaded the Unda of tho 
Moon, he wan niwle cupltve by tisein, ami led to Toledo. 
Initf.irx Oui-rra, »ho niu now j^wn up, uau greatly griered 
at the I'liptivity of liis father, and thr nien of tho land told 
faiui that hin only hopn wan to liiid his inothiT, and obtain 
lier aid. Inig^ieE made no delay ; he rode ulone to the well- 
known inouiil.ain*, and when he reached them, behold! hia 
fnirv-molher stood iherx- before him on the snmmit of arock. 
" Come until mi-," iidid sh«, " for m^ll do I know thy erraud." 
And hIic called to hei- Pardalo, the bonte tlmt ran Hithoutft 
rider in the niouiitMn«, nnd abo put a bridle into hia moath, 
and budo Iniguez mount liim, and told him that he muol uut 



give bim either food or water, or iiiiaaddle or uabridle him. 
or put shops upoD hia fcot. itod that in otio duy the dcmon- 
stecd would cnrry hiro to Tolpdo. And Inigiira! obeyed the 
iiijimctioua of hia mother, and suceeeilcd in liberating his 
father; but hia mother ne?er retiiriie<t* 

In the krge collection of SpaniMh ballruls named El 
Koinai](t>ro Castellaiio, the OTilj one that treats of fniry-lora 
is the folloning, which tellx of the euchaiitment of l)ie King 
of Cuetille's dnuehter by seTen fairies.t for a period of aereu 
jrears. It is of the saiue charseter aa the fair}' •talcs of FrttUCfl 
and Italy. fiifniitiiir. 

A caeab va el cahallero, 
A I'aKur como soliit,^ 
IiOfl uerros Ueva ciuiiuidua, 
El fideon pffdido avta. 

Arrimamse i un roble, 
Alto tH a iiiaravilla. 
En uiL raiiio inaa alto 
Vicra eslar una Infantioa. 

Cabellos de Bu cabcxa 
Todd aqucl rohlc cobriim ; 
" No to eBparituH. cabuUero 
Ni U-xtgaa tniiiitiiu gririin- 

" llijrv soy di-1 bueii rev 
T de la rC'ina do CaBiilla; 
Bietr fadan me fadnron.J 
En brnr.oH de uiin anin mlo, 

* RiliHil br Sic Fnincii Pi1|nTe, bni irilbaul (l')ii| >nj 4UIhnritf, is 
th» Quaftifi- Rrvitw, tul. nil. 8» Prantt. 

+ In Don QuiiuM (pen I. chap, bOl wr mil at "lot ilrlo catliUm d* Ih 
mu FikIu " iHninili itic Uk« or l-iillDg pilch, anJ of iht Itir pilnctM wna 
«■» CTirUaDlcil iit unr of ibem. 

; Fada ii iciuinl; iha oliJcd pvW of Ihia nrb, for ih« I^iiii aaie (f 




" Que nndiwc lot sirtr afUM 
Sou I'D trnUi montink.* 
Uoy fte cmuplau Lus nhat 
maTiauR, on aqu^l dia. 

*' I'or Diog to rupgoi, caballero 
Lli-Ti'imi- ro tu roni{iiuiia, 
Si quisiiTUB por miiper, 
Si no sea [lor aittign." 

" RppcrHii me to*, Ncuora, 
£»(« mm'iiuiu, atiucl dis ; 
Iri yo toiiiar ranHJo 
Dp iinn mndro qnc t«uit." 

La nij'ia \e rcspondicni, 
T ortiiK tinlubriut, d<;ciA : 
" O mnl linyB ul cuhailero 
Que «o[ji dtja la ai&A ! " 

El ae va £ tomar rooscjo, 
Y oUa ijueda rn U moiitiaa. 
Acon»ct)i9e ru modre 
Que 1b toniue por aini^ 

Qiuindo volviij el cabaUcro 
No U hallan en la Tiioiitina. 
V\6 la que la llrvalinti. 
Com muy i^raiide caballerift. 

El caballnro, qiu^ lo tia vinto. 
En el Buelo m caia. 
Deaque en «i hubo lomado 
XstM paUbrM docia : 

(IMrm (hv ibnvrp. 7.) mu leliinnl inSfnniih u veil ti tlillin. TtiiU ^ 

/■nfi), A'lriu, wioivAifu, «c-io, ni)utu, n jm/i., *r_ coiiii' fieni ^tedor, faults, 
hartar, Ac. Ai Ilic »tui>i>Li. Culluoni); i\w IaIIii, tl<a (rt<|IWIit1; <uca tb« 
paal u It jmimt punkifilo. M vn hombrr atrfrido^ "k dtrinfl! in«n;* Arrd th* 
Mail ippnua lo like jilaFe In [nil in, ti un Iiuomnnff/nt, wpitto. a— «J»I», 
(l»f>TAu{»; inil cvpn In Knnch, di Kn Anntw) r^K^Ji, ditnfiirii nij «« ' 
DDl H} llilt /uifu, fait, ffr. II tnrliaiilifv; rnihi-r Than indiviUd I 
* JVanfina ii > •mill «wid. 

■ Cnballcro que tal pierde 

Muv grancli's jieniia iiifrcciii. 
\'o uiiaiuo aere el ak'nlile. 
To lue 8CI* la ji)8tii.-ia, 
Quf me fortfin piea y manoD, 
Y lue arrnstruii por m villa."* 


ptpHa cl COTCOtiAQa. 

FRpm> KL CoKCovABO.t a gny liwly little hunrfihuck, weA 
to gKin his liviui^ by bis voice aod bi« guitar ; for lie vrns a 
general fnvouritiv ami was in coiiatnnt ro(|iii:st at weddings 
anil iithrr fcstivili™. He was gi'iug borne one night from 
oiu- of tlieae festive oecaaions, being under enKHguuit^at for 
aiiotlier in the moniing, and. as it vas in llic celebrated 
Sierra Morcna, hr contrived to lose bin way. Atler trring 
in vnin til lind it, he wrapped hin uluak hImuI bim, anil lay 
down fur the night at the foot of a cork-tree. He bad 
hardly, however, gone to Piler-p, whm ho wns uwnkened by 
the KoiiTid of II immliiT of liLIle voiees siugjug to tUX ■>ld air 
with which he was well aequainted, 

LuQW ; Hartn j MienwTea tPM 

OTor aod over again. Deeming this to he imperfect, ho 
struck in, adding, 

JuoT«« f TioniDR J Sahulo teia. 

The little folk wore quite delighted, and for hours th« 
mountnin rang with 

LuTiPn r M«rt«» J Miof«o]e» trtm, 

MoDdiiY and TueuU; and WeJoMday tkrMS 
niunoiiy and Fridij Mid Saturday, ix. 

* RomuicrroCptleTItno fwr Drp^nif. ii.p 19t), $nj tilji. A tnniUtion o( 
Ijbii nm»nc« will be fuurid in Tbuuu't Iji^i anU Ixf i-txli of Hpi^n. 
■f i.*. J0C7 Ihe Huuchbtck. Pcpiio it ifa* dim. of Fap^ir. J<ii^,J«cph. 

•OfltUBKir suBiiri. 

Tliey finally crowded ruunJ Pepito, ai)db»de him Mk vrl>«t 
he would for harinc complptod their »ong no bfNitifullr. 
Alter n litlti: ilt^ralion, be bi'jnr^cl to have hia hump 
removed. So luiid a•^ tiout^, lie waii in an iiiataat one of lli« 
stmightcst men iu all t^ain. On his ivtura hoDMi, <irery 
oiM! woji aniiui'd at the; trnniformfttioii. Thi- nUiry mod Mt 
wind, aud auotliiT huut-libiick, nainMl Cirillo, but unlike 
Popito, as crooked in temper as in person, having Icamod 
from him when; thu uti-iip of bin ndvrntun- lay, mwlrcd to 
pnx.'L'ed thilli^T And trv hl« luck. Hi) accordingly reachi-d 
tht< Bpot. sat under the eork-tr<i\ and saw and hrani sJl that 
PrpiUi h:iil hciuvl luid seen. Hi: niuilvoil a'ni) to odi! to the 
KinK. and lie Htruck in witL " Y Domiuf^u siet^" (tmJ Sunttaf 
*0ven) ; but wb«tlier it was the breach of rhftbin, or the 
mniitinn n( thp Iiord's Day that pive olTenot!, 1m wh 
inaUuitlr anHiiiiifl utili a shuwcr of bluws iir jiinchm, and to 
make lita calamity tUe givatat, Pi'pito'a hump was added to 
his own.* 


Wv thuN may mw tliat there are beinga in Spain bIm 
anawering to the varioua claBiiea of Fairies. Bui none of J 
these have obtained the s.imo degri'e of rcputntion u tho^ 
11 on He-spirit, whoxc S[iiii)i.ili nitiiie is l>ui-ude or Traiifro. lu 
Tonjui'madtL*!! Spaiitiili MaiidL-viUt^. »a the oldBn-'liah veraioii 
of it ill named, there i» a section ilevotod to tho l)uendv., in 
whtvli Nome of his foA(.->, sncli iid pt-llin^ piropio with »tonM, 
cla<. and Huch like, are notiei^d. and in the last century' the 
learned Father I'Vijoo wrote tin essav on l)ucndc»,t •j'. on 
IIimNe-apiritH; for he wirs liltio ol thi- jiniper StKtniih 
Dueude, and lus exauiplea are JloJikL-ii luid tlie KoboMa, of 

* Her Thi>TDi't L>r> uiil t*|^'<> of ^nin. p. US, li ma wUtnl, hs i 
to ft fnvnd of hi< hy Ihp Utr tillr JiiHn MhIcoIid, who had hfanl il in BpsW^I 
1i K »]>n brirfly rirl4'«4 (pralHibly on rli*- biiic KinhnriTt) m iht Q^acvHy 
R*Ti**.>Dl itii.(iir« slHrn pp X(I4,13'I). Knli. in liii l««« MtMbcvl 
fiim nf it, in ttliicli iKr near li u bciicoTDlu. iht tfealM IK wikImiv ""^ 1 
lb* hump il Ukcn all, *aun rcun no daltr, viib ■ tc* of buiur, T\ 
Qmhoj^o liVfe i>, WE in (old, ■ «iaiaii>ii pbiut nhcp tof ililii| i* nU gr j 
4Mwmaf it /tpoi. 

t T»iro CriilM, loin, il, Hi» nl^n-l i« lo diiptnir tlirir rriismrr, uid l>i 
Mmf ju*l1f ■■y <b*l l^** Ttiiotijp HTb iniL&lly k ItD^vlth wnunt wha I4J hit 
ovu rrafiit fftf mil(iii|t ■ nni»« luid diitD'hiiif tliir btui/J. Tbia Uieor; wit 

ai AiR. 


vTiich lie hftd read in Agricola and other writ«rs. Oc the 
whole, perhaps, the boHt nw'ouiit of the Duciide will tw 
fuiiud IE CaJderoE'B spritely comedy, niimed Ls Duma 

In this piece, when CnsmQ, who pretcndn thnt he had 
teen the Ducode when he put out his candle, ia wked by hit 
master what he was Lke. he repUea : 

En nn fful* 
Tniifitto, f Unia pVMW 
U& cttonraoho tuDuo! 
Qua poroalwHAuotM 
(jus ert duends mpiiobino. 

r This nintraeh') wna a long oonicul but witliinit a brim 

I worn by the olur^;^ iu gi.'Ui.'i'iil, ud not by the Cupotbiua 
alone. A little bpforo, Cusnie, when seeking to nvert the 
appearance ui' the Duende, nuitus the f»ll,>wing liii<w, which 

I have the appcorauL-e of being fomiod from woiue popular 

^^ ehariu againat the IlousO'Spirit : 

Stt£if>nL diuiu duonde, 
DueluMi de mi ; 
Qua so; uifio y enlo. 
Y ounca en Hi mc vL 



In De Solui' Teiy nmuaing coiocdv of Un Hobo hn-v 
Ciento, Dofia Ana niiikes the t'ollouiiig I'XtriMuely pi\-it)F 
application of the popular idea of the UuKiido: 

To Kiij, linn I.uIk iinii iluiiia 
Qua no conoxro vela ilixiiils 
Del uuor, ai uo Ua jrur tuaiL. 

In anutlior of bU plays {Kl Amor at ITw), a lady aavai 

AmOf oa <)iiJCDda importiiDO 
Quo aJ miiDdo 4u:iiDbruido U%a ; 
Todoa diceu qua lo a;, 
Y uo Id ha riato iudsuiw. 

Toe lines from Calderon prcfUod to thia nr<'tion of our 
Kork, ahow that money eivai by the DiienJe wan aa niiBub* 
Btautial as fairy-monej' m geuend. This is rantirniod by 
Doa i^uixote, who t«lla hia rather corctoua aijuire, that " lua 




lesoros ic los calMlIonn aadsiites ho, oonw lo« de loa ' 
Damdm, npoirntn' ,v bUo«." 

The SpuiisrdN mtvm abo to *^rrt! « illi tbo ptuplu uf other 
eouiilrie« in regarding the fairies as bclitg fitllt'n angvla. 
Ooe of th«ir mut celcbnUrd poets thuK cxpremc* hiin*^: 

Si fui: At li^eaidoa tttt duvode. 

Some Spanish elymuloKute say that Duetide is ■ oontraoi 
tion of Durno d« ensa; others, that it comes from the Arabic 
D£/rr, (il«clling) the term uxed for th« Amb comn* on the 
iiortb-voiiat ol' Africa. To us it appeara more probable that 
the Visigoths brought their ancient popular crcrd with them 
to Kpniu * aluo, and that iw I>urTg bticanu! Dme in Pro 
ti-nc*. it u'Bn ooti»trl4.'J iulo Oueudtt in Spaiii.t It ia fiuih«r 
not (jujtc iinp(iM«ib![) that l>uerg m.iy bo also tlie origiiM! o* 
Tnwgo, aword for which wc bi-lifvc no ctyiuon has Um_ 

■ Sre Tun iiid Pe|ia1w PIrlloiii, f. 3C9. 
^ Tht th^nfe of r ■nil n li not vllhuul M^m^tlc*. Tliui wt hftv* 
tipYtptr t^A ariievrum ; t"itrf, Enifllah ; mnrf, DiJiiib; T^Cn, &im]ii&, 
Crvliffm l> Crittvfnmj in Tiiacan ; hnmrnr, tutmint, mufuim, m Aon&n, 
iwtibrt, laitgrr, njannh. tn Purry "hrn r hmnic n, (ujihiinT rh»i|Hl J 
(0 d, or t^ rrruf- Th« thtn^-i unnli uTniir^n whfn A« drnnlian U 
return, »rr nflrn t-uziouL Al^iutK^l, SpniTith, ji //f-vt^rwr Afih^ b» 4nuvKa 
8|ttiiivl],CVivfn Purlugtirar (wSildilj) it.Vbiafl Ar^b; Gttamtia (cltr«ti) Italiu, 
i« n*uny( Ocniiin ; KBinnrrni liu brcaivc Lifntv. Il mi^l nal T« oil 
to Mwrl llul llie rtrtimr juri aiiit uuf »o(^ in ihr •smr. mil jil the IttUn 
In thrm tKAon in nvitj aro 4II ivtrnDjuTDble^ Our Ood bt v\lh yon hw tbnink 
la AxxMyc. and ihc Spinlih rvntnt fnrrmt 10 t'i'oJ, pr. f'ftc. Tbm niul. 
thr (bp wit;r, »Dic Eiin(< i>t nrb<r, haw btrn 4n indmAle CAEiTitilon bclvrcn 
G^lo kiid Fnfrlnnil, in mnriT tif fiiir finiilUt uardi frim To hik't ft Sfj^nnh 
■nigln. Tbut ntBtiii ii fmm iiidlai iHo/ii from &n/.o,- putktr fmoi ^wcAcm; 
tnnnet (■ bnii) fmin (iih''/iii . uml pi'tbaja nindbtr (if mx Irom nomtlini) 
btn Ruwli nKHiiru. Wi giroiisuDie our cvJoikJ liko tho 8|«nuh nil iiwif 

imucB. -MB 


Quo !■ f>Lmiel La mliiui wifuri^ 

Par ilna i^nrt* i1''>f[[T ftl il« 1V^ 
lui^iiluuuinaiiL bcTC^ 
Fnnue plaiiir h umniulLlflr 7 


Tm> "Fhtry Tnythologf of Franco mny be dirided. as r(«p€<cta 
its locality, iiilo two pnrts, tlint of Nnrttiriri and that of 
Soutlieru Frattiie, liie Laiipue d'Oii and tho Liuiruo d'Oc. 
We »tU commence with the latter, ae adjacent to Spaio. Of 
its mrthology, G«rvA»«i of Tilbuir, who resided lo the king- 
dom of Arlr-s, hna left 1I9 some ititerriitlng parti cii! an", and 
i>tlier authorities enable u« to tnure it down to tlie [Jn■M^tlt 
day. Speaking of the inhabiUnta of Arlea, Qerraae Ihua 
ciprcMP* himaelf : 

" Thev aliio commonly aciscrt, that tlie Drnca nuMimc t)ui 
liniiian form, and come earlv into tlie public market-place 
without any one being; thcreliy disturbed. These, they say. 
hnvi- thfir abode in the i-uvcnis of rivcm, and occasionally, 
floating along the stream in the form of gold rings or ciipa, 
entice women or boys who are bathing on the banks of tho 
river ; for, while they eiiih-avour to (truap what they see, they 
are suddenly sei^.ed and dragged down to the bottom ; and 
this, they say, happens to none more than to suckling women, 
who are tnkt'D by tlie Dracs lo rear their unlucky ofTspring ; 
and sometimea. ufler they have spent seven years there, tber 
return to our hcmispheec. Thene women say that they Ii»«a 
with the Dnuu9 anil thi-ir wtvea iii ample palueoR, in tho 
caverns and banks of rivera. Wo have ourselves seen one of 
the«c women, who was taken away while wn^ihing clothes on 
the banks of the Rhone. A wouden honl flonlt-d along I»y 
her, and, in endeavouring to catch it, having got uut into tho 

■ ■ 


•ovTnxx^T mson. 

Art waKT, «))<■ Vila cnrrinl down br * Prat!, huI mivdt? nam 
to niH >on tiL-luw th(' water. She- returm-d uiiiiijunsl, aad 
waa liArdl}' recojipiised by lier husband and friciKla aft«r wrm 
y<i«r»' nbsencp. 

" Aft<T ht-T n-tum nhe reldU-J xen" wonderful lliiii];s. »Uieh 
as that tho Dntca lived on peopl«i they hnd cnrricd olf, and 
tilnird thrmM'lvi'ii intii hiiman fiirniii ; nnd (hi* luud that one 
Any, wbwi the Dnu" jjuvp licr au t^'l-paaty to eat. iihe lai^ 
pciied to put her fliijjers, that wew gretwy witii the fat, to 
onp of her Dvc* and imp tiidc of hur facr, mid xhc inimi'diotcly 
b<!camcciid<)wi--il witli uiontok-araiid diatiui't vision under ms 
wat^r. Wtieii the third year of her time wm expired, ttld 
iihc had ntturni-H to her fnniily, «hp vrry rnrly one noming 
unit the Drue iii the markpt-pTiiee of Hi-aufniro. 8htf )taBtt 
him at oucc, and siilutiD)> him, inquired about the health of 
hfT tnigitn^a* and the. child. To thin thft Drac rcplifid. 
' HnrVy*,' suiil he, ' with whi(:h eye do you see ni« F ' She 
[wiiiletl to the eye she had toiiclied witli the fat: the Dmc 
inunediately thrust his finger into it, and he vu no longer 
TOiblc to any ooo."* 

RMpecting the Dnwa, Gen'sae farther adds : 
" There is ulso on the banks of tho Khonc, under n gimrd- 
hmiKC^ at tho Norlh.gnto of thn city of Arlesi, a (tr\-at [lool of 
theri»er. . . . In tht«e det^p places, thej- aay that the DraCi 
nro oflcn »ren of briglii nights, in the shapo of men. A tvf 
jeUTB ai!o there wn*, for thrtw nuccewtivo d(iy», openly hrord 
the following words in the |>lact! outside the gate of the city, 
which 1 hnvc mentioned, wliUe the figure as it were of n man 
ran tJong thu bunk : ' The hour in pniiKcd. and the ni»n doea 
not come." On the third ilav, about tlie ninth hour, while 
that figure of a man raised liis voice higher than iifiial, a 
young mnji run simply to the hunk, plunged in, nnd wm 
Mirallowed up ; and the raice was heiinl no more." 

The word l>nic is apparently derived from Dnico ; but •c 
are inclined to soe ita oricin in the Northern Ihierg. Wo 
uutA recollect that the \ inigoth* long occupied fiovCTn-e 
and Langiicdoc. It is, we apprehend, Btill in use. Fa l» 
Dme, in PrwvMi^, signifies J»lii're fe di«b!e.\ Goudetin, a 

• (Wo InptrvJia, p. SS7 : K* iitH>r« p. S03 tt alA, 
t LUu ibc liUh Flag rt< Pvdi, above, p. Kl. 





rsAitrK. 467 

Provencal poet of the »eveiil«ruth century, begiiis liu CaoM 
en I'Ayre with tlieoo imes : 

Bcloiaea qu' Teu /onj U Drat 

Sc juuny trolii iliiia itii tao 
Cine A site miluiie pistuloa 
Bapcaio* eomo de redoloo. 

The following ciirioiis niirrnt.ive iilso occurs in Qervaae's 
work, aud might nei-rii to heloug to Provenc* . — 

"Hrnmcn t-oll tiiat one tiutc- as a ehip was sailing in the 
Meditcrraisenn emt, which sen we cnll ours, she wili aiir- 
rounded byau imiiieuae uuniber uf por|iuiaea (iJr/pAinOJ'},iui(t 
that when nn Tictivc young man, one of tho crew, had wounded 
one of then) with b wcapim, and nit the rest of them hud 
rapidly sought tho butloin, a oudJen and awful teinueHt 
enveloped the *hip. While the sailors were in doubt of tlieir 
lives, lo ! one in tHe form of n knight came borne on » steed 
on the sea, and demiiiiilt'd that, for the salvation of all the 
rest, the person who had wounded the porpoise should be 
delivered uii to liim. The sailors wew in an agon? bctweea 
their own danger and their nvcrxion ta expose their comrade 
to deatli, whieli deemed to them to be most cxueU ami they 
thouglit it infamous to consult their own safety at the 
expense of the life of nnother. At lost the mau himself. 
deeming it better tliat all should be auved at the coat of one, 
on they were guiltless, than that such a number of people 
should run the risk of destruction on account of hia folly, 
and lest by defeiiilititf him they nhnuld het'onK- guilty, devutud 
himself to the deiith he merileil, and voluntarily mounted 
the horse hnhind the rider, who went over the firm water, 
taking his roud iiluiig it as if it lind been tlie solid land. In 
a short time he re-nehc.d a dist-nnt region, whore he tbund 
lyiue ill a magnificent heil the knight whom he had wounded 
the dav before as a porpoise. Ho was directed by hia uuido 
to pull out the wenpoii which wns sticking in the wound, and 
when he hud dune so,the ^vilti/ right hand pave aid lo the teoiutd. 
This being done, the sailor was speedily brought back to the 
nhip, and restored to his companions. Hence it is, tliat froic 
tiutt lime forth «uilora have cvojioiI to hunt the purpoi»i-«."* 

■ Olia ImpfT. p. 961 : ttr ibnn, p, 391. Il dow not tf\ttt tlwl lh« 
•boda ol tbtt i-nnHW-knlfhti vh baneaik Uw MMT. 




Otrranc ii1m> dewnhm tbo K»Ik>1i!, or TTou9«'>«pErit, 
Eiprit Fulict, or Goblin of tlie North uf Fraow. 

" Tbera are," sajrs he, " other demoiu, commool; caJlo J 
FoUnti, who inhabit tho boum of rimpk eouatrj |>«o))l«, 
and can be )c«|>t nvKf neither bj nter nor exorcisms ; and 
u the; are not Been, tliey pelt pMple as tboj am goini; in 
■t tha door with Rtonm, aticK*. uid dotncatio utenHila. lieir 
worda are heard liko those uf mvfi, but Uieir form doe« not 
appear. I remi'iiiber to have met several wonilcrful stories 
of thrm in the Vita Abbroii-iata, ct Mirsciilifi bcstimcni 

Elsewlieret lie soeaks of tbe beings itliidi be saya an 
i-alied LaniifT, who, no relates, are used to ent«r bousp* dui!- 
(tmilv, nuimck th<! jiim and lub«, pot* and pitoben, tnki- ifae 
ehil4i«a out of the crad]««, hiflil UnipH or candles, and 
sometimes opprevs those wbo are sleepini;, 

Eithrr ficrvnio inlntnok, or tlir PailM of the south of 
Krariw wen- rrKanliil aa hfingii ditTerciit fnim manbiitd. Tba 
former is. pt-rliap*. the more likely suppoaition. He thus 
speaks of them : " This, indwd, we know to be pror«>d every 
amy by earn who .tre brrond all exception; thnt we haTe lioard 
of sonHT who were lovers of plmntotiis of this kind.^ whidi 
thev cnll Fadas ; and when thi-y married other women, they 
flieS before eonsiunmnt ing the marriage. Wc have acwi ntoot 
of them livK in great tAmporal fclidty, who when they with- 
drew theniselres Iram the enibrooE's of these yadaa, or di>- 
cflvcrcd the secret, lort not only their tvmpom] protpcri^, 
but even the comfort of wretched life "§ 

" In the legend of St. Aniientiire, oomposed about 130(^ 
bv Rnymond, a (rentloman of Provence, «ro read of tho Fe« 
Estcrclh', mid of the sacrifipeii ti> her, who uted U» pvo 
barren women biiverages to drink, to make tbom fruitfiil ; 
and of a ittoue called La Limta ie la FaJa ; (hat ia tho Faiiy- 
■tooo on which they used to sacrifice t» h<;r." 1| 

• Olia Imper. p. 89T. Bee shots p. 407. Ortlions, tlje HauK-iplrtl, ahik 
acT«tiliiig lu Kmiwi. (Itniilnl ibo LuM of Csnaw. In Oiaesni, rSKUibM 
ltifit«lriiuikri kii luAii^ fwiult* ^ Ibid- 

Z Jiujutmodi larrarim. II* cluKi tbe Fulu inlb 8*lnn( wd I^ai. 

I P. SeU, %wt)>i.i( of the onndtrful hone of GinMu* i* CUracUi ; 
Grrvuo Hj I, 5l /iv/w cpot. k <. Hj • Ltlboln, iat»nW'it,vl Fadir, J'aM, 

g Cunbiy, Miinxmont Ccltiqtin, f. 343. Tha auibor uj*, tlal Kdnvll*, 

FiujfCB. 469 

Etph at Itic prf«(iDt dny tlie belief in the Fadas seems to 
linger in. Provence ftiul tin- itdjniiiing districts. 

" On tliL- iiigljl of the 31«l of Di-cpmber," sava Du Mege.* 
the '■ Fuen {/Imtiu) enter the dweilings of their worshipers. 
Thej bear good-liiL-k in their right, ili-luck in their left-hnnd. 
Cure baa oecn taken tu propnn: for them in u i-lesti rutirci! 
room, such a repast as i» suited to them. The doors atid 
windows are left open ; a whil.r Hntli ia laid on n tnblc with 
K loaf, a knife, a tesBel full of ivuti-r or wine-, and u cup. A 
lighted candle or viux taper is set in the centre of the table. 
It is the gtneral belii-f that thane who present them with 
tbe heat fooj may eipeet all kiuila of proa|>erity for their 
property and their familv ; while those who aei]uit thect- 
aelvea grudgingly of thrar duly toward the Peea, or who 
neglect lo mnke preparatiana worthy of these diviiutien, may 
•zmct tlte greatest misfortunes." 

From the following iiaaa&ge of the Roman de Guillaiime 
au Court-Nez it would appear that three was Ui« number 
of the liadas. 

CmiBliiiue aviiimt In gtoa, par viriUi^ 
Kt m J^rm-enee ot en iiutro* rvj^iei. 
TiLhlofl uift^ient al Hif^ub rinldiitiE. 
Et siir la tublu tij likuH jvuub liulito^ 
lij |iiii Jc villi Rt iij htaat lie tin 
Et par (ncuito i«rt li rafit (lodcct 

« wrti u kll ihe Piirit*, mi the moon. Thh n •fry (nutli inniu H* 
derfvu livr ii4iii« rritiii tha Bmon Eititr, lSii^l]ii>ot«» L4U£a, from Zoc'A 
(Inth Clorh}, A Re •inn«, 

pinndir, pU-.., p. 02 1 mt ahovc, ff, ]Glf3t2, 

f Sh- Ivcroui lU Llnrf, ap. Kile Bnquel, p. 93, Kbu uldt " In LniHr 
JCormahil)', ill tlic BrrvrjilLMFUieal of I1a«rui, xlicy ncfcr n^glcvt tiying k lu-blr 
fbr ibo pnmitnf pnlut trf ibv Iktiw thnm to bt liotik .** «tf our iiAttoD Vlrf, 
Bae, I*. CS. In ( (ollrrtinn of ilpim* of Co«n<i)i nitdr by Bandiud of 
Womii. who ilitd In |n34,w>' mJ » (nMan^ ■■ Fcdiii, ui qiiuiluB muliwm 
In qulbutdam temponbumBnnLf^uvri' Ki1rni,iit in donao inx nit^rjv ynujtiwa 
vt tuot fibntt rt ^tJim fiitu (n/im cnUtUij tM|>n rh«iii«in pntiwa, in ■! ivniv 
Knt frnf i/^n^ rirorti qtint antiq^it jHMtrnu* r1 nullqui kinttiiiA P^kb* nom^ 
ttftvli^jbi frAnrvitthr . . - ut rr*c1rii« lUn* nua tii dici* tw4 fturmvt bin j i tb »uI 
bio Ai^I inluIiLrq fimdr^tr'' (Jhihh Zfntt, .V^'AtJ. jlH/imif?, p.iiiv'il-,«hri« 
m Aiv tlw tuld ilui lEinr Paiw r^ould give • in«u kI 1ii> birilt Ibc power of 
bsmminB k ^Vrwoll. Ml liil< lioHirr, iIik* not prvvc lEial tkeji liofBtkff 
«n|iii ot ifae ^f<i ; n iborr. ^ S. 


•ormks tcton. 

BouM jtKtw ago ■ hth, anned Marie Ajrwd, publulwd i 
voliuM tabued "BaUwlM «t ChuiU pojitilairva dc la Pro- 
venoe," Uoof whid ■MmtabvEmmdodoD Dopular iegnula. 
Sbt naiDra tW ooe Ia Fee hu Chercoi t'crto, *ad in it 
rrhrn the vtorj of » young Burioer of ManetllM vho vm 
IB tiw lulNt of rmrtiig out to ms fa« himseV in the ev«tuii^ 
Od one oTtlicae oocwiona lie felt hiRiJu-lf dra«ti dmrn hy an 
tnirmbk; puKn", and OD reacbiug tbe boUutn fuuml Kii»«rlf 
■t the gBt« of ■ BplendHl palacr, sbere be waa n^oeiv^d br t 
Kioat btsotifnl btrj, oiiljr Iwr li«r «*• Erccn. She at once 
toU kim birr lore, to wlm-b he reapondM aa nbe wiBbed, and 
after detaining him sooie tiow abe diraiMaed liim. ^> iug him 
tao fliliM, thet he might wrnuni &r hi« abavncc Ujr aaying 
tlwt he bad been fiabing. ^he name iariaiUc |)ow«r brou^tt 
Wm bade to hia boat, and he roacVNi home at auariae. ^m 
WW Mtd form of bi* fiahca, Mch as bad ne-m been wen, 
■seitcd gcneial wonder ; but be r<^c«d t)ir fnirv ton mudi to 
mrcal bu secret. An invininble attnctiuu eiifl drew him to 
the aubmnnoe palaw. bol at hat he aaw a maiden wboae 
channa, in bia e]:ce, edipwd those of the fain-. lie now 
Bed Ihr »c9-jiborc, but ii'i-rr time he approaehed hi> miiitmi 
be receifi-d an iuvinbk bluH. aiid hi- rantinuaOy «aa liauntcd 
bj Ibreatt-trjig voin*. At Imgth be felt aa itree>»tible deeire 
to go out ngnin to M-a. When thnv he waa drawn down 
aa before to the paUiw, but tbe fiiiry now was ehanged, and 
•ajing, "Tou hnT<> botraj