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cation, ..... 3
Officers, . . . . . -4
Preface, ...... 5
Address of Welcome, by Hayes C. Taylor, . . 7
Early Memories, by J. Whittier Fulton, . . 9
Response— E. L. Palmer, . . . .10
Reminiscences— Gertrude W. Nields, . . 14
Anniversary Poem — Elizabeth W. Moore, . . 20
A Backward and a Forward Look — Henry W. Wilbur, 23
Poem— John Russell Hayes, . . . .27
Historical Sketch— Joseph W. Walton, . . 29
Quakers and Puritans— Isaac Sharpless, . . 46
Closing Remarks— Emma Lippincott Hici:gins, . 59
A Partial List of those Present, . . .66
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
Failowfield Meeting House, . . . Frontispiece
Interior of Meeting House, . . Facing page 15
Meeting House and Grove, . . . " " 30
Burying Ground and Meeting House, . " " 47
People's Hall— built by Abolition Members of Society, " " 62
To the Sacred Memory of the Founders of
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting, this volume is
dedicated by the descendants, in the spirit of love
and kindly recollection.
Geo. C. Maule, Gum Tree, Pa.
Ebenezer Maule, Enoch P. Moore,
J. Whittier Fulton, Cloud N. Speakman,
Alfred Darlington, Brinton C. Cooper.
Emma C. Walton.
Warren L. Webster.
Chairmen of Connnittees,
Program, . . Elizabeth W. Moore.
Printing, . . G. W. Moore.
Transportation, . . Wm. Webster.
Refreshments, . . John R. Kendig.
Seating, . . J. Howard Humpton.
Accommodation, Lawrence G. Moore.
IN presenting this little book to the public, it
seems appropriate that some introductory state-
ments be made, relating to the work accom-
plished in Fallowfield Meeting.
The Young Friends' Association connected with
this place conceived the idea that the year of 1911
should not pass without the observance of the one
hundredth anniversary of the Meeting.
Much of historical significance will be found
elsewhere in the book ; but we feel that the labors
of those who were so faithful in their duties here
cannot be passed by without a word of apprecia-
Among the valued ministers especially allied to
this Meeting who lived within the memory of its
oldest attendants, were Mary Lukens, Rebecca
Pierce, Jesse Kersey ; and later, Margaretta Wal-
ton ; as well as Enoch S. Hannum, a member of our
Monthly Meeting, earnest, and convincing in his
teaching. All these, though different in type, min-
istered to the needs of the people and sowed good
seed that bore fruitage in its season.
Margaretta Walton, whose home was on a prop-
erty adjacent to that of the Meeting-house, seemed
very closely associated with the lives of those who
attended her home meeting. Her years of dili-
( 5 )
gent and devoted service surely have merited a
just reward and left a lasting impression on the
minds of those who remember her.
Among others who were able workers in this
Meeting we must not omit the promoters of our
First-day School, which has been identified with
the Meeting for many years, and is still in progress.
Within the recollection of the oldest members of
this body, the untiring and faithful labors of Ed-
win Walton will be remembered as Superintend-
ent. After the School was in operation for several
years it was discontinued for a time ; with the co-
operation of Chalkley Webster it was reorganized
with its old Superintendent again in charge, and
was kept open the entire year as it is at present.
The many children, as well as men and women who
were members of the First-day School, cannot for-
get the kind words of instruction, and the devoted
loyalty of their beloved leader, who never resigned
his position until weakness and the infirmities of
age compelled him to do so.
Within recent years a " Young Friends' Associa- '
tion " was organized by the members of Fallowfield
Monthly Meeting, and its meetings held each month
are interesting and helpful.
We trust that the work of one hundred years
may not be lost, but that the worthy efforts of our
forefathers may serve as an inspiration to those of
the present day in making our Meeting a center
for righteous living and a memorial of true ser-
( 6 )
ADDRESS OF WELCOME.
Hayes C. Taylor.
TN a spirit of friendship and with a feeling of ten-
der regard for those whose memories we cherish
as our f orebearers, who came to this pastoral region
in the early days when the Indian claimed it as his
home and hunting-ground, and the wild animals
roved at will — with a feeling of reverence and ten-
der awe we have come together to venerate the
spirit of our pioneer ancestors and in this spirit I
beg to bid you welcome.
We are met at our forefathers' Meeting House.
Only vaguely can we imagine those early condi-
tions that our forefathers experienced in the pri-
meval forest — the hardships, the difficulties, the
dangers, the privations, that were endured. There
was no labor-problem then. The proprietor and
aristocrat of the newly-built forest home solved
this problem with his own hands. It was his spirit
to go out — he was not forced to go — and clear the
forest and build a home, and many of you are
living to-day on or near the site where your great-
great-grandfather built his lowly and lonely home
of logs, and there abode with his family in spirit
and in truth.
The progress and development of the spirit of
modern civilization may be measured and ex-
( 7 )
8 0)ie Hundredth Anniversary of
pressed in a material way by the amount of ad-
vance in development which our homes of to-day
have made over those which afforded comfort and
protection to the sturdy pioneer. From the stand-
point of the spirit, or what in modern science is
termed psychology, a change has come about
whereby the comforts and luxuries of those days
are considered necessities to-day, but solving the
matter down to the fundamentals of life, we know
that true comfort and true happiness were just as
abundant then as now, and in some cases perhaps a
little more so. It is the spirit of the man that
makes the man, and not the material conditions
about him. George Fox discerned the truth of the
spirit and taught men so, replying, upon being
asked on one occasion, how he knew that Christ
dwelt within him, " I know by the Spirit of Christ
which he has given me."
It was this spirit that led our forefathers into
this region, and it was this spirit that caused them
to build a meeting house in every community after
they had first erected homes in which to live. To
this common house of worship were they led by
the spirit, and by the same spirit were we led here
to-day, to meet with one another, to talk with one
another, to rejoice with one another.
May we use this sacred heritage of the spirit as
becomes the children of Quaker parents, and may
we strive by the renewing of our faith, to hand it
on as pure and sanctified as it came to us. In this
spirit may we greet one another to-day, and in this
spirit may we live with one another in the days
which are to be.
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House.
JWHITTIER FULTON spoke in reminiscent
• strain of incidents in the history of the old
The place where so many worthies had worshiped
is to him sacred ground, closely associated with the
best in the history of the community. It was here
that the colored race was championed when it was
in the depths of slavery. Here they were edu-
cated, were nursed through sickness and helped in
distress. In the day when free speech was chal-
lenged this meeting opened its doors to Abby Kelly
Foster, whose address was interrupted by an at-
tempt to smoke out the meeting by brimstone
placed in the stove. The culprit was informed upon
by a negro who was chased by the mob when it was
known that he was the informer. He was saved
from danger by a noble woman of the neighbor-
hood who sheltered the negro in her home ; later
the case was brought to trial and the right vindi-
Mr. Fulton recalled the schools conducted here
by the late Smedley Darlington, and later by his
brother, Richard, paying tribute to the good work
done there through instruction imparted. He also
reminded his hearers of Solomon Lukens, a school
director of early days, and founder of the great
iron works at Coatesville ; of the Pierces and the
Modes, who had been associated with this meet-
lO One Hundredth Anniversary of
ing ; of Hugh E. Steele, whose energy and perse-
verance had been instrumental in bringing the
Reading Railway through this county, and who fre-
quently attended divine worship in this house.
There were others also mentioned who were active
in the Meeting and in the development of the
E. L. Palmkr.
T SURELY count it a privilege, as I feel it a
**• pleasure, to respond on behalf of the people
assembled here, to the heartfelt greeting of this
management as it welcomes us to this memorial
gathering in the fulness of democratic equality
and the spirit of Christian love.
This day we have set apart and dedicated it to
the past ; we freely give to it all the reverence and
veneration our minds and hearts contain, and be-
stow upon its progenitors and supporters all the
respect and gratitude our capacities will afford.
One hundred years ago a few consecrated men
and women gathered here where now we stand,
and decided to establish a place for worship where
they could meet at their appointed times and in
their plain and simple way of fraternal fellowship,
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. ii
invoke God's blessing and heed the monitions of
It is a pleasure for us one century later to con-
sider their constancy and fidelity and reflect that
this meeting for worship has been maintained un-
interrupted, and the fundamental principles of the
Society carefully observed by their descendants
and others who have become convinced.
To all human experience, Time, with its many
tides brings many smiles and many tears. We
voluntarily bestow all of ours to-day to this venera-
ble house of worship with its hallowed associations
and its devoted followers.
And as we stand within these halls where many
sacred vows were made, and look out upon those
graves where so many mortals lie, we are -moved
with deep emotion.
When we consider their good works we rejoice,
but when we miss their loving presence we feel
sad. Their toils and struggles, their failures and
their triumphs, are all history nov/ ; their destinies
are in the keeping of their creator, for they have
finished the work that was given them to do, and
we pray that it may have been beautiful in the
sight of God and that they are glorified in him.
Man, in his ardor and vehemence, his visions of
vain-glory and his love of fame, seems to overes-
timate his mortal aspirations at the expense, and
sometimes loss, of his spiritual manhood ; but there
are landmarks all around us of consecrated souls
who, while true to home and country, were diligent
in devotion to God.
12 One Hundredth Anniversary of
We are permitted to live one hundred years later
and under better conditions than they. We enjoy
the fruits of their labors and escape the evils they
have eradicated. No single century in the world's
long history has been more eventful than the one
just passed. No country on the earth's broad sur-
face has developed so rapidly as the land we live
in. All manner of progress, every kind of reform,
great variety of invention, rapid advance in arts
and science, great improvement in intellectual cul-
ture, with moral and spiritual promotion, all mark
to an eminent degree the century just gone.
This place and its devoted followers did not stand
idly by when public and private issues of gravity
and importance were trembling in the balance of
uncertainty. They were in the forefront of all
moral, intellectual and political reform.
They preached it from their galleries and they
voted for it at the polls, and about here, as else-
where throughout our broad land, in obscure homes
and in sequestered places, the delicate arms of our
American mothers rocked in the cradle the destiny
of a united republic, whose honor abroad and integ-
rity at home, are now established ; and the flag of our
country is a true emblem of liberty, rather than a
false ensign to wave over the head of a slave.
They were particularly earnest and prominent in
the great anti-slavery movement, far the most im-
portant national issue that ever engaged the atten-
tion of the American republic.
They were always identified with all manner of
political and religious advancement. So it is not
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 13
idle sentiment, nor vain egotism, nor foolish flat-
tery with us to sound their praises over their
graves one hundred years after they declared
their devotion to God, to home and country. We
are most sincere, and are positively truthful with
their laudations ; they were worthy of all we can
bestow upon them.
Religion was their central purpose, spiritual and
social culture the end for which they labored, not
alone for the individual, but for the State and com-
munity as well. They knew and understood that
the present was the parent of the future ; that the
deeds and doings of to-day are responsible, to a
great degree, for what to-morrow would bring
forth. They knew that life was a destiny, and felt
that every day was a day of discipline and a day
of development when men and their institutions
went forward or fell backward.
They felt it a duty to maintain religious liberty
and the right of every one to worship God according
to the dictates of conscience. This is the great-
est privilege of true democracy. They felt it
a personal obligation to vindicate the fundamen-
tal distinguishing tenets in George Fox's doc-
trine of the imminent Christ spirit and God's
direct revelations, as well as those of non-resist-
ance and their testimony against war and blood-
This community, I rejoice to say, shows the im-
press of the Quaker thought and discipline, and
the country at large a growing tendency to incor-
porate them into their modes of worship. Quaker
14 One Hundredth Anniversary of
blood is flowing into alien veins. " It doth not yet
appear what it shall be."
It is not my place at this time to enter into a de-
tailed account of doctrinal views, for denomina-
tional lines are fading away in the advance of a
higher knowledge and a clearer conception of the
functions of the holy Nazarene in his divine mis-
sion among men. He was the first born among
many brethren, a co-laborer, and a joint heir.
''Follow thou me," was the solid creed of those
we to-day emulate and in whose memory we hold
Gertrude W. Nields.
JAMES FULTON, first to establish a home at this
place, had bought fifty-two acres of poor land,
called the " Briar Patch," built a little barn, in
which he lived while building the stone end of the
house still standing. He taught school in a log
house in an adjoining grove, and cultivated the
briar patch at night ; later opened a store in one
room of his dwelling, hauled goods from Philadel-
phia in a small wagon drawn by one horse ; from
little farm and little store supported a large
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 15
His neighbors knew him as a quiet man, whose
daily living was a helpful example.
A thinker, whose mind was stored with informa-
tion gained when and how, could not be understood,
when we recall the lack of schools and dearth of
books one hundred years ago.
In business he accorded exact justice to every
one ; to defraud the poor, the ignorant, or the help-
less, was impossible for him.
Scorned deceit, insincerity, untruthfulness, lazi-
Yea, yea ! — nay, nay ! Loved his neighbor, fed
him when hungry. Clothed him when naked.
Sheltered him when homeless. Ministered unto
He was in sympathy with every movement to
make this country in fact, as well as in name, the
land of the free.
James Fulton, Jr.
These characteristics of mind and heart ap-
peared in his son, the second James.
To them was added, very early in life, a deter-
mination to arouse the people to the enormity of
the sin of traffic in men.
Human slavery was recognized by the Congress
of the United States, defended by our government
and supported by the church and society. Few
thought it wrong, fewer dared say so ; it meant
ostracism, persecution, attack by mobs.
Undeterred by these, he devoted his talents ( the
ability to think clearly, to state an argument con-
1 6 One Hundredth Anniversary of
vincingly, with earnestness and enthusiasm), to the
awakening of consciences that had long been dumb.
His short life was filled with excitement, risk
and danger, but they never lessened his effort to
remove from his country an institution condemned
by the civilized world.
Built a house here in 1818, in which he also con-
ducted a store. Much that has been said of the
character of James Fulton, was equally true of
The Fallowfield Library Company was organized.
Its Constitution forbade the admission of romances,
novels, plays, all books inimical to the Christian re-
Gideon Peirce was chosen Librarian, and con-
tinued to hold that office during its existence.
At one time Richard Darlington the elder, made
an effort to have it removed to Doe Run.
James Fulton, Jr., secured large additions to its
membership and income, thus securing its reten-
tion. At his request, in 1838, Lucretia Mott sent
the names of more than one hundred books that
would be desirable ; William Burleigh added to the
This year a post office was secured. Heretofore
persons living here received their mail at McWil-
liamstown or Humphreyville. The post office must
have a name. At the suggestion of James Fulton,
Jr., the name " Ercildoun " was given it.
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 17
East Fallowfield Anti-Slavery Society was formed
in a school house near Newlin's Mill. James Ful-
ton, Jr., was elected Recording Secretary.
Its first annual report stated that more than
3,000 books, magazines and papers, had been dis-
Many signatures were secured to petitions, asking
Congress to abolish slavery in the District of Co-
lumbia and the Territories, also requesting the
Legislature to grant trial by jury for reputed fu-
For the next ten years this society held its meet-
ings in school houses, at times in this house.
In the winter of 1844, Abby Kelly and Charles
Burleigh spoke here. The meeting was broken up
by a mob of ruffians from Sadsburyville. The
rioters were arrested and tried at West Chester ;
acquitted by the jury, though the Judge charged
After that experience a majority of the mem-
bers decided that Anti-Slavery meetings should
not be held in this Meeting House.
Those who felt that the abolition of slavery was
the overshadowing question of the day, demand-
ing discussion at all places and times, contributed
and collected sufficient money to build the hall
near-by. Mary Coates donated the land. It was
declared that every question, creed and race were
welcome on its platform.
Over the door the words, " The People's Hall,"
and over the platform, " Let Truth and Error grap-
1 8 One Hundredth Anniversary of
pie." Because of this sentiment, one Friend who
had been in sympathy with the movement, with-
drew ; considered it inconsistent in Friends to grap-
ple with anything — even error.
One of the very earUest recollections of my
childhood was the alarm felt on being awakened
at night by some one talking under the window.
It was always a colored man or men, urging my
father to come down the road, Or to an adjoining
woods, where a strange man had been seen. A
strange man in that remote neighborhood was an
object of terror, being a possible kidnapper, who
did not distinguish between bond and free.
Ercildoun was one of the stations on the Under-
Many slaves had heard of Thomas Garrett, of Wil-
mington, Delaware, as a friend who would assist
them to reach Canada ( the real land of freedom ).
He knew of homes where they would be cared
for, allowed to sleep a few hours, fed, and taken to
the next stopping-place before daylight.
Preached in this house for many years. At one
time she was made ill by the wrong-doing of a son ;
the wrong-doing consisted in the purchase of a
coat, the collar of which turned down, instead of
standing up in proper Friendly style.
One First-day, having removed her bonnet pre-
paratory to beginning her discourse, her glance fell
upon her little daughter sitting opposite ; she was
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 19
grieved to see that the child's kerchief was crossed
on her breast, instead of falling straight from the
shoulder. She resumed her bonnet, descended the
stairs, took the child's hand and led her home,
where she was duly admonished of the gravity of
her fault and put to bed.
Years pass. Just before she entered the beautiful
life beyond, she said to me, " I want thee to go to
Meeting. I may live when there is not any Meet-
ing. My child, if thee goes with the right feeling
in thy heart, thee will get good from any meeting."
Her mind was illumined, she saw the truth, it
freed her from the narrowing thought that there
was saving grace in the shape of a collar, or the
fold of a kerchief.
She realized that wherever people meet to wor-
ship God the father, in humility of spirit, acknowl-
edging their kinship to all His children, strength
is found for daily needs.
20 One Hundredth Afiniversary of
/^NE hundred years ! How fast the seasons roll !
^""^ What happy, fleeting memories fill the soul ;
While with our many friends we gladly know
We live in cherished times of long ago.
These tombs all speak in consecrated tone
Of some quiet form beneath the lettered stone,
Of work completed — earthly duties done —
Of early friendships — worthy tributes won.
Our thoughts revert to scenes that time makes dear,
To Quaker garb, and sacred worship here,
When friendly footsteps sought this silent place,
And dainty cap portrayed the peaceful face.
The old horse-block long since has passed away,
Where maidens checked their steeds on Meeting Day.
The loved drab bonnet, costly, pure and neat —
The kerchief at the neck, and cap to meet,
The shawl beneath the belt, the dainty pin.
The later, golden emblem 'neath the chin —
The high silk hat our fathers wore with pride,
The plain-cut coat — all these are laid aside.
The two-wheeled gig that carried to this door
Its precious load for worship — is no more.
The carriage followed, and on First-day morn
Its inmates to this place were gently borne.
No autos sped along the dusty road.
Nor touring car whirled by with dizzy load;
The change of time has dealt a kindly blow
Upon this meeting house, its marks to show.
The voices from these olden galleries heard
No longer minister the spoken word.
Here, Mary Lukens strove the hearts to reach,
In righteous ways, the seeking mind to teach;
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 21
And Jesse Kersey spoke in words of power
To anxious hearers at the meeting hour.
Rebecca Pierce her modest voice would raise
And shed sweet radiance in accents of praise.
Dear Margaretta with a loving grace
Here labored long; time's hands can not erase
The good deeds done by her unfailing zeal,
The kind influence all were wont to feel.
And many others came and went, who spoke
Good words of courage to the listening folk.
The graveyard tells in solemn silence all
Of these hushed lips who heard the final call.
And children's children live, the paths to tread,
Of those whose names are numbered with the dead.
Nor has the sound of Peace with healing balm
In this dear house, forever marked a calm;
For when grim slavery threatened to divide
The North and South, with fear on every side.
Dissenting lips here spoke in measures bold
As earnest men their strong convictions told.
And members firm worked with a steady hand
To aid the slaves who joined in Gideon's band.
A loyal Fulton guiding still aright.
With justice as his watchword, worked with might.
The name of Ercildoun was rightly crowned
As a slave-mart, on railway underground.
All this is past, and war's appalling cry
Is hushed ; a peaceful banner floats on high;
And other forms this noted place still seek.
Where abolitionists would come to speak,
These lofty trees their waving foliage hold.
And cast their shadows, as did those of old.
Perhaps a few dear landmarks still remain,
As noble links in the ancestral chain.
What fond associations cling to these!
Kind^Nature's kingly emblems, stately trees !
22 Oiie Hundredth Anniversary of
They beautify earth's darkest, humblest spot,
The Sovereign's palace, and the peasant's cot.
May we, like them, tower upward and endure,
With aspirations high and motives pure ;
And with the change one hundred years have brought,
Improve our time, in this great world of thought,
Nor lose the deep, implicit faith so true.
The simple ways our glad forefathers knew,
The hand of progress, science, genius, art.
Invention with its wonders to impart.
The grasp for wealth, and capital and greed.
The rushing, busy strife for daily need,
All crowd life's book on each succeeding page,
And mark the tenor of the present age.
We cannot live in decades wholly past.
Nor dwell on actions time has overcast.
But let us do the work that meets us now.
And at the shrine of service, humbly bow.
With Faith our Watchword; ever clear and bright.
Our Beacon still, the shining. Inner I,ight.
Elizabeth W. Moore.
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 23
A BACKWARD AND A FORWARD LOOK.
Henry W. Wilbur.
T_TIST0RY and biography contain the lessons
•*■ •'• which the past teaches the present. As we
are the product of that past we need to know it,
not traditionally, but practically for our light and
leading. There are points in the past where the
most interesting thing is to consider the " might-
have-beens." In the fore part of the sixteenth
century, had the ideals of the apostles of the new
learning, such as Sir Thomas More, Colet and Eras-
mus, prevailed, the whole history of the world
might have been changed, and that for the better.
Peace, instead of the years of carnage which fol-
lowed, might have come to the nations, and larger
justice and liberty to the world. But this was not
to be. Still, the reformers of the sixteenth cen-
tury were the forerunners of the Friends of the
seventeenth. Fox came with his fundamental
truth regarding the divine fatherhood, and the
universal saving light in all men, which embodied
the ideals of a real spiritual democracy. In addi-
tion he started the theory of " the square deal," in
trade and commerce and in government, on its slow
journey. To-day, the Friends who celebrate here,
could present these fundamental truths and ideals
24 One Hundredth Anniversary of
as a vital message, with absolute assurance that
the message would be received by the world gladly.
But in looking backward we must remember that
even those who have sometimes been against us
have builded wiser than they knew. The Puritan
was insistent that he should have the liberty to
worship God with a free conscience, but was
equally insistent that nobody else should enjoy a
like privilege. He wanted to build a church with-
out a bishop and a state without a king. But once
the idea was started, the Puritan found that he
could not enforce his spiritual monopoly. The real
spirit which he liberated, could not be again chain-
ed, and all the land caught its meaning, and gave
it better expression than the Puritan ever knew.
The struggle for the freedom of a race, which
figures so prominently in this celebration, taught
many lessons, but none more forcibly than the fact
that the ideal which is worked out in blood falls
far short of its highest mark. Those who were
teachable learned that the atmosphere of revolu-
tion is not the best one in which to settle great
moral problems. Milton's immortal words in " Para-
dise Lost " still hold true.
" He who wins by force,
Has conquered only half his foe."
But what of the forward look ? Our fathers in
their struggles, constantly builded where they did
not expect to enter in, and planted where they
knew they would not personally reap. That was
their investment for their children and their
children's children. It is the wise way of the
Fallowfield Friejids' Meeting House. 25
world. Our generation must do the same thing, as
the only way it can pay its debt to the past.
Much of the splendid energy of the yesterday
in history, was spent in forwarding material pro-
gress, and in making the wilderness blossom as the
rose. The prairies and the deserts of our grand-
fathers have become the granaries of the world.
But the available arable land for the homesteader
is nearly all gone. The future worlds to conquer
must in the main be other than material. It is an
alluring dream that the uncultivated moral and
spiritual fields of the world's life may command the
same concern and energy which in the past have
been bestowed on our material conquests.
The applied gospel, with its unrealized phrases
about brotherhood, justice, liberty and right, is for
the coming real man, not the fanciful super-man,
to work out in the social, industrial and governmen-
Our religious body has admirable ideals and
adequate machinery to help carry on the task of
real moral and spiritual development. The call
with clearness comes to the present-day Friends,
and the task rests upon the entire range of our
membership to become equipped for the alluring la-
bor before them.
Considering our future possibilities in the atmos-
phere of hope, understanding God's law of pro-
gress, and our part as intelligent co-operators with
Him, we may shout into the ears of the halting and
26 One Hundredth Anniversary of
the doubting, Gerald Massey's captivating opti-
" 'Tis weary watching wave on wave,
But still the tide heaves onward ;
We build like corals grave on grave,
The path that leadeth sunward.
We're driven back in many a fray.
But fresher strength we borrow,
And where the vanguard camps to-day,
The rear shall rest to-morrow.
"Throughout the world's long night of woe,
The people's cry ascendeth ;
The earth is wet with blood and tears,
But our meek sufferance endeth.
The few shall not forever rule,
The many moil in sorrow,
The powers of hell are strong to-day,
But Christ shall reign to-morrow."
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 27
( 1811-1911 )
John Russell Hayes
2ik HUNDRED years these walls have cast
Their shadows o'er the sod,
A hundred years this house has known
The blessed peace of God.
O many are the gentle souls
Through all the hundred years
Who blest this peaceful house of prayer
And loved it through their tears.
And many are the gentle souls
Through years remote and old
Who wept above 3'on grassy graves
Where sleep the hearts of gold.
Ah, though in hours of tenderness
We think with sorrow deep
Of all the dear and well-beloved
Wrapt in eternal sleep, —
Yet well we know there is no death
For those who deeply love ;
The limits of this mortal life
Their spirits soar above.
Let no old meeting-house like this
Lament for days of yore,
28 One Hundredth Anniversary of
While memoried voices call to us
From out the heavenly shore.
Let no old meeting-house like this
Lament for glory gone,
While children of its sires remain
To hand the message on.
Of noble and of kindly souls
To-day we have no dearth ;
In every age the Father sends
His chosen ones to earth.
In every generation still
The hand of God is seen,
His meadows of immortal love
Are ever fresh and green.
The lives our fathers lived of yore,
The fragrance of the past, —
Each age must add to these a charm
More gracious than the last.
And so at this first century mark
W^e face the forward slope,
Our hearts a-thrill with loving faith,
Our eyes alight with hope,
Content to know the Father's gifts
And blessings will not cease,
Trustful in His abounding love,
Secure in His great peace.
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 29
FALLOWFIELD MONTHLY MEETING.
Jos. S. Walton.
T^HE lands round about Ercildoun were first held
•'■ by Andrew Oliphant, Andrew Scott, and Rob-
ert Wasson. The Oliphant claim was northeast of
the Wilmington road. The Scotlands were west of
the present Gum Tree road and southwest of the
Wilmington road, including the meeting-house
grove. The Robert Wasson patent was south of
the Gum Tree road, including the meeting-house
lot and burying ground. Tradition says that
these hill tops had been burned over by the In-
dian and early settler to secure convenient deer
hunting grounds. Before the Revolutionary War
patents were secured from John and Thomas Penn.
Transfers and sales for taxes were the chief items
of interest. After the war the possibilities of clear
titles under the Commonwealth, freedom from quit
rents and ease in clearing the ground for cropping,
attracted the settler. The land occupied by the
Fallowfield Meeting House was at one time part of
a tract secured by patent from John and Thomas
Penn in 1765. The deed would indicate that this re-
30 One Hiindycdth Anniversary of
gion was called " Doorough." The description calls
for one hundred and twenty-five acres west of the
*' Wilmington road," including the present site of
the meeting house, burying ground, "People's
Hall," post office and other properties lying south
of the Gum Tree road. This patent was applied
for in 1765 by John Wiley and secured in 1768 by
Robert Wasson, but owing to delays in surveying,
etc., it was not granted until 1771. In the follow-
ing year the tract was sold by Jesse Maris, the
County Sheriff at Chester, to John Passmore, for
£145, to satisfy a claim of £108 made by Robert
Wasson's creditors. In 1789 John Passmore sold
this property of one hundred and twenty-nine
acres as recently surveyed, to George and Mat-
thew Welch. By this purchase these enterprising
brothers then owned all the land facing the cross
roads in the present village of Ercildoun. George
Welch, who was probably the first active settler, oc-
cupied the estate northeast of the Wilmington
road, and lived near where William Webster's farm
house now stands.
In 1796 the executors of John Passmore's estate,
applied to the Court at West Chester for power to
fulfill the agreement made between the late John
Passmore and the Welch brothers, and make title
to Matthew Welch, upon payment of the unpaid
remainder of the £295 purchase money. From
this estate, which subsequently came into the
possession of James Welch, was sold the acre where
Fallowfield Meeting House now stands, and the
burying ground is located, and many years later
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 31
107.56 perches on the east and south sides, also the
piece of ground for the people's hall, the proper-
ties occupied by Mrs. Samuel Wilson, Emma C.
Walton, James Draper, and the land once owned
by Jacob Carter, George Walton and part of prop-
erty now held by Mrs. Robert Faddis.
The settlement of the Welch brothers soon led
to the holding of a Friends' meeting in the house
of George Welch, At this time these Friends were
members of New Garden Monthly Meeting, the
nearest organization of this kind. In 1792 George
Welch, on behalf of the Friends in that vicinity,
applied to New Garden Monthly Meeting for per-
mission to hold "their meetings longer." This
hunger for opportunity to worship was before the
New Garden Friends for consideration for some
months. In Ninth Month, 1792, it was considered
and postponed. The following month (10th Mo.
3d, 1792 ) the Committee previously appointed was
directed to attend the meeting at Fallowfield, " and
unite with them in solidly considering their request
and the place of meeting ; also the propriety of
their building a house, if way should open for it."
The members of this committee, Henry Chal-
fant, Ellis Pusey, Joshua Pusey, Caleb Swayne,
Ephraim Wilson and Joseph Smith, were largely
members of London Grove Preparative Meeting,
and during the time of their appointment London
Grove Preparative Meeting was erected into a
Monthly Meeting, and of course further care of
the Indulged Meeting at Fallowfield was turned
32 One Hundredth Anniversary of
over to London Grove, and Jeremiah Barnard, Jr.,
and John Mann, were added to the committee.
This committee reported to London Grove Month-
ly Meeting, 10th Mo. 31st, 1792, that the subject
was under soHd consideration, and that most of
them had attended the last meeting at Fallowfield.
This committee was continued for seven successive
months, finally reporting 5th Mo. 10th, 1793, that
they believed that the meeting at Fallowfield " has
been of use," and that the Friends there should be
" allowed liberty to build a house to meet in, if the
Monthly and Quarterly Meeting can be free to ap-
prove it." This report was weightily considered
by the Monthly Meeting, and no objection appear-
ing, it was agreed to lay the matter before the
Quarterly Meeting. This larger body, acting in the
capacity of a Court of Appeals and Approval, con-
firmed the report of London Grove Monthly Meet-
ing, and appointed a committee to act in conjunc-
tion with the committee of the Monthly Meeting
to consider the propriety of the Fallowfield Friends
" building a house and where."
This joint committee reported 7th Mo. 3d, 1793,
that they had viewed several places that were pro-
posed and had agreed on one at " the cross roads
southwestwardly of George Welch's lands in East
Fallowfield, if they can get a good title for the
same and build as soon as is convenient." This
proposed site was an acre of land now occupied by
the grove of trees north of the present meeting
house. Four trustees were appointed to secure the
title and hold the property for the Meeting. These
Fallowfield Friends^ Meeting House. 33
men were Abraham Roman, Nathan Walton, Ben-
jamin Walton, Jr., and Joshua Pusey, son of Ellis.
This acre was purchased from James and Jane
Welch, for £4. It was then described as bounded
by the Wilmington road, " a laid out road," and the
lands of James Welch and Matthew Welch. From
this we may infer that James Welch lived near
where William Holbrook's dwelling is now located,
and that Matthew Welch owned the property now
occupied by Jacob Pierce.
In the spring of 1794 the Fallowfield Friends
sought advice from the Monthly Meeting relative
to building a house for worship. A committee of
nine persons, i.e., Caleb Swayne, Ephraim Wilson,
Samuel Swayne, Joel Bailey, Joseph Smith, Judith
Bailey, Lydia Mann, Ruth Pennock, Elizabeth Pu-
sey and Sarah England, were appointed to give
counsel and advice. In 6th Mo. 1794, this commit-
tee reported that advice and counsel had been
given, that title for the land had been secured, and
a house had been built thereon. This building was
in the woods north of the Modena and Gum Tree
Two years later ( 2d Mo. 3d, 1796 ) the Indulged
Meeting at Fallowfield applied for permission to or-
ganize a Preparative Meeting. London Grove
Monthly Meeting appointed Caleb Swayne, Joshua
Pusey, Joshua Bailey, Levis Pennock, Joel Bailey,
Samuel Pennock and Joseph Smith, " to take the
matter under solid consideration, go and sit with
them, and feel after their request, and report their
sense thereof to next meeting." This committee
34 One Hundredth Anniversary of
was unable to report until 5th Mo. 4th, 1796, when
they said they "were easy," that the Fallowfield re-
quest be granted. The Monthly Meeting approved
and directed the Clerk to report the same to the
Quarterly Meeting. It was late in the fall of 1796
(11th Mo. 30th) when the Quarterly Meeting es-
tablished Fallowfield Preparative Meeting, to be
held on the Fifth day of the week preceding Lon-
don Grove Monthly Meeting. It was not, however,
until 1st Mo. 4th, 1797, that the Monthly Meeting
appointed a committee to attend the first Fallow-
field Preparative Meeting. This occurred in the
latter part of 1st Mo. in 1797. At this meeting
the First, Second and Ninth Queries, " were read,
considered, and answers prepared, agreeable to the
direction of the Yearly Meeting."
It was about the time of the establishment of
the Preparative Meeting, that Fallowfield Friends
purchased another acre of land southeast of the
first purchase. This was obtained from Matthew
and Sarah Welch for £4. Seventeen years later,
in 1814, a strip of land containing 107 56-100
perches was secured from Thomas and Sarah Welch
for $67.18. This strip bordered the south and
southeast sides of the last purchase, enlarging the
burying ground and the meeting house yard, mak-
ing in all the present property of 2 acres and
107 55-100 perches. In 1854 a new Board of Trus-
tees was appointed, composed of Mansel Passmore,
William Walton, George Walton, Smedley Darling-
ton and Barclay Smith. The property was then
described as bounded by the lands of James Ful-
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 35
ton, Lukens Pierce, Joseph S. Walton, Joshua Lee
and " People's Hall." Joseph S. Walton and Joseph
Morris were witnesses to this execution.
Fallowfield as a Preparative Meeting grew and
flourished to a remarkable degree. The rapid
taking up of the land brought members from va-
rious localities. The Society of Friends at that
time was a farming community. Their families
were large. Their children married early. Their
sons must carve out of the wilderness new homes.
Fallowfield was a nearby frontier, overlooked during
previous migrations. During the time Fallowfield
was a Preparative Meeting the following were among
the families received by Minute : William Walton,
wife Hannah, children, Rebecca and Joseph, from
New Garden, 7th Mo. 29th, 1795. They lived on
Buck Run at property since owned by Benjamin
McCord. Daniel Kent and wife Hester, and
children William, Joseph and Elizabeth, from Brad-
ford, 3d Mo. 13th, 1798. They took up a farm
southwest of Coatesville, once owned by Isaac
Beard. Asa Walton from Horsham, 5th Mo. 2d,
1798. Jehu Lord, wife Rebecca, and four children,
Sarah, Hannah, Mary and Lydia, from Woodbury,
N. J., 2d Mo. 10th, 1801. They lived on a farm in
Highland Township, recently owned by Isaac Wal-
ton. Tradition says that these girls were the
beauties of the neighborhood.* John Letchworth
and wife Elizabeth, children Mary, Elizabeth and
Robert, from Philadelphia, 3d Mo. 29th, 1805. They
lived in Highland Township, John Letchworth
* James Fulton from Sadsbury, 1804.
36 One Hundredth Anniversary of
taught school, surveyed land, wrote deeds, and was
active in the ministry. Abraham Rakestraw from
Chester, 4th Mo. 3d, 1805. Jacob Taylor and wife
Mary, and five children, Joseph, Isaac, Jacob, Eliza-
beth and Jesse, from Bradford, 4th Mo. 3d, 1805.
Thomas Peart and wife Mary, and six children,
Rebecca, John, Benjamin, Abner, Daniel and Mary
Ann, from Sadsbury, 4th Mo. 2d, 1805.
Among the Elders in Fallowfield Meetingthe name
of William Mode appears as early as 1796. The
following year he accompanied Jesse Kersey " on a
religious visit to some of the neighboring Quar-
terly" meetings. For many years Mary Lukens
was a prominent minister and spiritual leader of
this meeting. From time to time Minutes were
granted ** Our Beloved Friend " to visit Horsham
Monthly and Abington Quarterly Meetings. This
was the home of her girlhood. She was a grand-
daughter of Margaret Op de Graeff, whose brothers
were active in issuing at Germantown the first
anti-slavery petition to the Philadelphia Yearly
Meeting in the latter part of the 17th century.
Mary Lukens's twin sister Hannah, wife of Wil-
liam Walton, was active as an elder and minister
at Fallowfield. She was grandmother of the late
Margaretta Walton. Esther Hawley, wife of Daniel
Kent, cotemporaneous with Mary Lukens and Han-
nah Walton, was prominent as member of school
committees and active as an elder for many years.
These three women sowed the seed in this vicinity
of vigorous anti-slavery protests, eager educational
interest, and deep spiritual susceptibility.
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 37
Among the early Overseers were Abraham Ro-
man and Benjamin and Nathan Walton. Abraham
Roman lived on the property since occupied by the
late Edwin Walton in Highland Township. Benja-
min and Nathan Walton were great grandsons of
Daniel Walton, one of the first settlers of Byberry,
in Philadelphia County. They came during the
post-Revolutionary migrations with their aged
father Benjamin, and took a farm south of the
present Mount Carmel school house, since known as
the Enoch Taylor place and more recently owned
by Ellis Phipps. Benjamin Jr., was grandfather of
Emma C. Walton, at this time postmistress at Er-
cildoun, and Nathan was grandfather of the late
Edwin Walton, of Highland. As overseers in the
meeting these men were, for many years, practi-
cally the chief magistrates of the neighborhood.
About 1804 Fallowfield Preparative Meeting had
so grown that a proposition was made to London
Grove Monthly Meeting soliciting the privilege of
holding Monthly Meetings alternately between
London Grove and Fallowfield. The consideration
of such a proposition merited a large committee.
Twenty-one men and women were appointed. They
were the representative members of that day,
viz : Ellis Pusey, Edward Brookes, Caleb Swayne,
Francis Wilkinson, Mary Swayne, Abigail Pusey
and Hannah Pusey, most probably represented Lon-
don Grove Preparative Meeting, while Joseph
Smith, Ephraim Wilson, Daniel Kent, Jonathan
Hampton, William Mode, Jehu Lord, Daniel Lu-
kens, James Smith, Isaac Bromall, Esther Kent,
38 One HundrcdtJi Anniversary of
Mary Lukens and Ann Walton, most likely belonged
at Fallowfield. Two months later this committee
reported that after solid consideration, " they felt
straightened to grant the Fallowfield request in
full, but are generally free to propose it being held
at Fallowfield four times in the year." Signed 6th
Mo., 1804. The time agreed upon was that London
Grove Monthly Meeting be held at Fallowfield in
the 9th, 12th, 3d and 6th months consecutively.
Consequently the first session of London Grove
Monthly Meeting held at Fallowfield, occurred 9th
Mo. 5th, 1804.
A number of friends living in Londonderry,
Penn and West Fallov/field Townships, members of
London Grove and New Garden Monthly Meetings,
found the inconveniences of traveling to meeting,
either at New Garden, London Grove or Fallow-
field, so great that they petitioned for an Indulged
Meeting in Friends' school house in Londonderry
Township. This petition was issued 5th Mo. 8th,
1805. The school house was described as located
between Jonathan Hampton's and Thomas Peart's.
A month later a committee was appointed, consist-
ing of fourteen persons. By 8th Mo. 7th, 1805,
this Committee was satisfied to grant the request.
The Indulged Meeting to begin the next First-day
after Quarterly Meeting. The names of William
Mode and Jeremiah Bernard were added to the
Committee. They were instructed " to sit with"
the Doe Run Friends, " and report when they think
necessary." By 12th Mo. 4th, 1805, it was the
opinion of this Committee that the Londonderry
Fallotvjield Friends' Meeting House. 39
Friends "were able to stand alone." The Com-
mittee asked to be released. The Monthly Meet-
ing granted this request and tacitly expressed its
disapprobation of the standing alone feature in the
above report by appointing a new Committee, com-
posed of John Mann, Caleb Swayne, Abraham Ro-
man, Jeremiah Barnard, Joseph Smith, Caleb Pu-
sey, Nathan Walton, John Letchworth, Eleanor
Smith, Elizabeth Barnard, Mary Wilkinson, Phoebe
Mode, Elizabeth Wilson, Hannah Swayne and Lydia
Mann, and one month later Mary Swayne, Eliza-
beth Pennock, Ann Swayne, Hannah Edwards, Han-
nah Pennock and Esther Kent, were added. The
next month, 2d Mo. 4th, 1807, this Committee re-
ported a conference with New Garden Monthly
Meeting, but were unable to report upon the estab-
lishment of Doe Run Meeting. The case was
finally brought to the Quarterly Meeting 8th Mo.
3d, 1808, where it was agreed that an Indulged
Meeting be established at Doe Run, " they to be-
come members of Fallowfield Preparative Meeting
and London Grove Monthly Meeting." Two months
later London Grove Monthly Meeting received cer-
tificates from New Garden Monthly Meeting, trans-
ferring the membership of the following Friends :
John Broomall, Joshua and Mary Jackson, with
their children, Edith, Mary, Caleb, James and Wil-
liam. Eleanor Butler, Rebecca Walton, Abner
Walton, Elijah Walton, Hezekiah Linton, Esther
Linton, Joshua B. Linton, Hezekiah Linton, Jr., Sa-
rah Linton, William Linton, Jane Linton, Benjamin
40 One Htmdredth Anniversary of
Linton, Esther Linton, Samuel Linton, Ann Linton,
Mary Brosius and Joel Hutton.
A year later, 2d Mo. 8th, 1809, Fallowfield Pre-
parative Meeting felt the necessity of having one
or more Overseers within the *' verge of Doe Run
Indulged Meeting." Through a committee, Jona-
than Hampton and Jeremiah Barnard, Jr., were ap-
pointed. This was the time that the Monthly Meet-
ing was appealed to for advice about a meeting
house at Doe Run. It was proposed to build a
brick house 25 feet by 30 feet, costing $500.00.
Subscriptions had already been raised, amounting
to $350.00. Jonathan Lamborn, George Barnard,
Nathan Swayne, William Mode, Jr., and Jehu Lord,
were appointed by the Monthly Meeting to take
subscriptions for the remainder. By 4th Mo. 5th,
1809, they reported having raised $148.50, which,
added to the amount contributed by the Doe Run
Friends, amounted to $501.50. So rapidly did
these two meetings grow that by the next year
Fallowfield Preparative Meeting expressed the be-
lief that it would be an advantage to divide the
Monthly Meeting. A month later, 4th Mo. 4th,
1810, a Committee of twenty-five was appointed to
consider the matter. The following month this
Committee was unable to report. Then it was that
the Friends of Doe Run requested the privilege
of being organized into a Preparative Meeting.
Another Committee of thirteen was assigned to
this request. The following month, 6th Mo. 6th,
the first Committee reported, but consideration of
the report was postponed to another month. Then
Fallow field Friends' Meeting House. 41
each Committee asked for another month's consid-
eration. By 8th Mo. 8th, 1810, the Committee on
division of the Monthly Meeting reported that they
were " much united in beheving that an advantage
would arise from a division taking place in the
Monthly Meeting, in such a way as for the Friends
of Fallowfield and Doe Run Meetings to constitute
a Monthly Meeting to be held at Fallowfield on the
second Second-day in each month." The Prepara-
tive Meeting to be held on the Fifth-day preceding.
The change to take place in 12th Mo. next. After
it was recommended that Fallowfield Monthly
Meeting pay $18.00 in each hundred for relief of
the poor, the report was signed 5th Mo. 10th, 1810,
by eighteen members, namely, Benjamin Walton,
Joseph Smith, John Letchworth, Jehu Lord, Wil-
liam Mode, David Pusey, Samuel Swayne, Thomas
Chalfant, Caleb Swayne, Mary Thorn, Rachel Wil-
son, Sarah Hayes, Mary Lukens, Elizabeth Letch-
worth, Lydia Mann, Elizabeth Pennock and Mary
Swayne. By 10th Mo. 3d, 1810, the other Commit-
tee, appointed to consider Doe Run as a Prepara-
tive Meeting, was ready to approve the suggestion.
At the Quarterly Meeting held 3d Mo. 6th, 1811,
the division of London Grove Monthly Meeting
was approved, and the establishment of Doe Run
Preparative Meeting confirmed. A committee com-
posed of William Mode, John Letchworth, Jehu
Lord, Isaac Pennock ( of Rokeby ), Nathan Walton,
Lydia Wood, Mary Lukens, Rebecca Clark, Ann
Walton, Elizabeth Letchworth and Esther Kent,
was appointed to attend the first session of Fal-
42 One Hundredtli Anniversary of
lowfield Monthly Meeting, to be held at Fallowfield
4th Mo. 8th, 1811. The representatives to this
Monthly Meeting were Nathan Walton (grand-
father of the late Edwin Walton), Joseph Hunt,
Levi Coates and Thomas Hayes. At this Monthly
Meeting held at Fallowfield, whose centennial an-
niversary we recognize to-day, the minutes record
that " Our beloved Friend, Susanna Home, from
England, attended this meeting, producing a cer-
tificate from Tottenham Monthly Meeting, 3d Mo.
8th, 1810, and endorsed by the Quarterly Meeting
held in London, 8th Mo. 27th, 1810, whose com-
pany and gospel labors among us has been accepta-
During these early years an active interest was
maintained in keeping alive the vital issues of the
Society. The first seems to have been the episto-
lary literature of London Yearly Meeting. In
1793 Thomas Wood and Robert Clendenon were to
share the reading the Epistle, in the phraseology
of the Minute, " the whole to be divided." Jona-
than Burton read the next Epistle in 1794, and the
following year Joseph Smith and Abram Roman
shared this service at the close of a First-day meet-
ing. For a number of years these Epistles were
read by Esther Kent and Hannah Walton, until
either the exercise ceased, or the record of the
An active interest in education started with the
inception of the meeting. In 1796 George Welch
and Hannah Walton represented Fallowfield on a
school committee of fifteen members. Two years
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 43
later they report that the schools were not so good
as formerly. In consequence a new and larger
committee was appointed. Various schools scat-
tered over the territory covered by the London
Grove and Fallowfield districts, grew and improved
in efficiency, while the concern for the establish-
ment of a central Boarding School at Westtown
was under exercise. Numerous contributions for
this institution were collected at Fallowfield, Han-
nah Wilkinson being the first person appointed to
take subscriptions. By 1805 the school committee
reports that the four day schools then in charge
" were generally large."
The concern against the use and sale of " spiritu-
ous liquors " first found expression at Fallowfield
in 1797, when Phoebe Mode and Hannah Walton
composed a committee to unite with men Friends
to investigate existing conditions. The next year
they reported " no distiller among us, but one re-
tailer, who does not seem disposed to quit the prac-
tice." In 1803 the committee reports, " None in
practice of distilling or retailing, though some have
taken fruit to the stills ; and some have made use
of it in the late harvest." By 1805 another re-
tailer appears in the Monthly Meeting, and later
reports show delinquencies because Friends who
insist upon taking fruit to the stills and using
liquor in harvest. The Monthly Meeting, how-
ever, led by the women, insist upon a series of
thorough-going investigations and caustic reports.
These same women were also deeply concerned
about the use of fans in meeting and indigo for
44 One Hundredth Anfiiversary of
laundry purposes, and the taking of profiles, since
the latter " borders on too much imagery."
During those same years these wide-awake
people, wide-awake for the age in which they lived,
were intensely interested in the race problem as it
then appeared at their own doors. In 1796, "on
reading the Seventh Query, the situation of the
black people coming under consideration, Isaac
Cook, Emmor Bailey, Thomas Chalfant, William
Walton and Eli Harlan, are appointed to inspect
into the circumstances of those who are among us
and report before the 8th Month Quarter." Con-
sequently on 8th Mo. 3d, this committee reported
that " Eleven minors are among Friends and some
care is taken in their school learning and religious
education." One would infer from the Minutes
that the numerous concerns on the part of the
home and foreign ministry to visit the families of
Fallowfield Monthly Meeting in " gospel love,"
carried with them special concern for the religious
and educational welfare of the colored people
The anti-slavery activity at Fallowfield arose in
a public way many years later, especially after
James Fulton, Jr., had been active in the establish-
ment and maintenance of the Fallowfield Library
Association. Among the early purchases by this
Library are five volumes of Lydia Maria Childs'
" Condition of Women," costing $3.75 ; one volume
of Whittier's poems, 75 cents ; one copy of Xeno-
phon's works, $2.00 ; one copy of Carlisle's " Sar-
tor Resartus," 87 cents ; two volumes of Bancroft's
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 45
History of the United States, $4.00 ; Combe's Phre-
nology, at $2.80, seems to have been widely read.
Books of travel from Europe to Paraguay, works
on philosophy and morals, accounts of the strug-
gles in Poland for liberty, biographies of eminent
painters, works of Walter Scott, and expensive
copies of the latest authorities in agriculture, con-
stitute the character of books, costing from $50 to
$100, purchased each year. James Fulton, Jr., who
found the name of Ercildoun and established the
Post Office as more convenient than McWilliams-
town, was the Treasurer and Librarian of this As-
sociation, and seems to have been the leading
spirit in selecting the books. In the early years
of this Association David Young was President,
Thomas W. Shields, Alexander Mode, Richard Dar-
lington, Isaac Hayes and Joseph S. Walton, were
Directors. During the first sessions of the Asso-
ciation, from 1838 to 1840, Gideon Pierce appears
to have become Librarian. About this time the
Association enlarged its field of activity by the or-
ganization of a Lyceum, whose members wrote
lengthy papers, which were read before the Asso-
ciation, and when found satisfactory, ordered to be
filed among the possessions of the Library.
Such were a few of the activities of the people
that settled in and around Fallowfield and Ercil-
doun, establishing an educational centre for schools
and the consideration of public questions, an ac-
tive interest in the manufacture of grain drills
and an up-to-date type of mowing machine which
created a sensation in the vicinity. This was the
46 One Hundredth Anniversary of
group of people that made Ercildoun a center of
anti-slavery activity and a station on the Under-
QUAKERS AND PURITANS.
/V BOUT the year 1700 two antagonistic concep-
"^^- tions of Christian life and duty were in
conflict in the northern colonies of America. One
which we may call the Calvinistic conception,
rigidly dem.anded literal orthodoxy as applied to
all the relations of life. Its test was the Bible,
both the Old Testament and the New. Its deduc-
tions from this authority were enforced by invinci-
ble logic, and any variations from the acceptance
of the conclusions were sufficient to place the
doubter out of the pale of the Christian fold. If
it did not make the State and the Church a united
body, it did demand that the State should enforce
the decrees of the Church and that orthodoxy
should be a test of capacity for public service. A
Godly Commonwealth with the Bible interpreted
by skilled theologians, as its basis, was the aim of
its several policies.
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 47
The other conception for convenience we will
call the Quaker conception. It, too, acknowledged
the authority of the Bible, but the New Testament
rather than the Old was back of this recognition.
Its tendency to literalness was tempered by another
doctrine that nothing outward was absolutely es-
sential to the reception of divine truth, but that
God and man were in direct relation and commu-
nion with each other, and the Divine will could be
and was received by those who v/ere in a responsive
attitude, without the medium of priest or book.
This took away some of the hardness from their
theology and created tolerance and kindliness in
their relation to other bodies. The conscience of
every man was supreme for him. No power had a
right to demand its abrogation. It might be, and
probably in most cases would be, more or less erro-
neous as measured by the standard of abstract
truth, but it would tend to rectify itself in so far
as it was pure and alert. It could not therefore
allow itself to crush the conscience of another by
any decrees of State. Its Godly Commonwealth
must be gained, not by legal enforcement, but by
spiritual convincement, and where it had control
there were no favored churches.
Nor was it certain in 1700 which of these two
tendencies was likely to prevail. By this time
something of the rigidity of New England ortho-
doxy had abated and the Friends were spreading
at a rapid rate in Rhode Island, Long Island, for
fifty miles in every direction from Philadelphia,
and to some extent in the South. They were still
48 One Hundredth Anniversary of
possessed of some of the enthusiasm which the
first generation had brought over from England
from the days of their suffering and devoted zeal.
George Fox had impressed upon them the idea in
his earlier ministry that they were not founding a
sect, but preaching a spirit which would gather
into its fold in time all the Christian bodies ; and
something of this Catholic outlook was still ex-
If we compare the bodies which are the lineal
descendants of the Calvinistic conception with
those which trace their lineage back to a Quaker
ancestry, it would seem at the present time as if
the Calvinists held the field, and the Quakers were
an insignificant and relatively impotent body. If
we compare, however, the spread of the ideas
for which Calvinism stood with those held by their
opponents, it is the Quaker conception which rules
the thinking Christian world, and Calvinism has
capitulated, thrown aside by its own organizations.
The literalness and the rigidity of Puritan theology
have gone and no churches would more surely deny
them than those who have kept the denominational
name and machinery of the early Puritan sects.
The Quaker ideal has permeated Church and
State. Its fundamental theology of direct Divine
communion is almost universally accepted and its
position in regard to Church freedom in the State
finds no opposition. We have the curious specta-
cle of the principles of a sect once relatively
strong finding their way into almost complete ac-
ceptance while the body itself has continually
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 49
dwindled in size and direct influence. On the
other hand we find the followers of the other ten-
dency, originally of equal or perhaps greater vi-
tality who have grown more and more in numbers
and force, while at the same time they have ac-
cepted in frank acknowledgment the principles
which they once opposed. The Puritan bodies
have deserted their principles and flourished. The
Friends, who have always held the triumphant
principles, have barely held their own in numbers,
and have lost some of their characteristic basis.
I have not time to analyze this interesting situa-
tion. It is worth a volume. I can only state what
seems to me to be one reason for its existence. The
Puritan body founded Harvard in 1636, and Yale
in 1701. It founded them primarily to provide a
highly educated ministry. Students were not con-
fined to this class, but had it not been for this
want, these colleges would never have been called
into being at the time they were. The Friends did
not feel such a need. Their doctrine of the suf-
ficiency of Divine guidance in ministry made them
less careful to create a theological center. There
was therefore no Quaker college in the colonies,
and Friends grew up, not by any means ignorant,
for they were up to a certain stage well and uni-
versally educated, but without the great leader-
ship of the congregational bodies. One condition
of progress is far-seeing leadership. A body whose
education is mediocre may be very worthy, but is
not very progressive, and the Friends, with all their
inclination towards justice and righteousness, were
50 One Hundredth Ajiniversary of
hardly as open to adapt themselves to changed con-
ditions as the bodies which in every locality had at
least one trained leader who kept in touch with the
advancing thought and to some extent carried his
congregation with him. And so it came about that
Friends became in time more or less imitators of
the past, rather than developers of new truth,
while the Puritan bodies were frank enough and
wise enough to abandon untenable conditions and
adapt themselves to changing thought. The effect
of two such opposing tendencies could not long re-
main in doubt. A defensive organization would
gradually waste itself away however effective as a
defense it might be, while another which led out
into the wide fields of growing thought and knowl-
edge, if it had always a profound desire and re-
gard for the truth, would find itself, through many
tribulations, entering into a larger inheritance.
From this characterization of Quakerism we
must except their attitude towards questions of
moral reform. Here they have always been lead-
ers. Why, it is difficult for me to tell, and I can
think of no better reason than the one which they
themselves would probably have given, that when
they got together in their silent meetings, or still
more silent, secret chambers, with a desire to know
God's will, they really got what they asked for.
They were certainly not more intelligent than
other bodies, nor were they more responsive to ex-
ternal influences, nor were they in a general way
more anxious for the right thing, and except for
this devotion to their consciences and their belief
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 51
in its enlightenment by the Divine Voice, their pri-
ority in many moral movements would be difficult
to explain. But certain it is that they have reached
positions which the best tendency of the future
have frequently justified. Why did they, one hun-
dred years before lotteries were a recognized evil,
alone among the churches refuse to have anything
to do with them and kept all of their enterprises
clear of them ? Why did they in the days of the
early development of the anti-slavery movement,
again take positions about one hundred years ahead
of the Christian civilization around them ? Why
have they consistently preached the views into
which the Nation is just entering with regard to
the unrighteousness and inexpediency of v/ar?
Why were they pioneers in the establishment of
hospitals and insane asylums on modern principles ?
Is there any other explanation of these things pos-
sible than the one which we have intimated ?
On the other hand, that which the Friends every-
where down to the last half century held as their
most priceless possession, the meeting for worship,
free, without human head or leader, without pre-
arrangement of services, without any compulsion
upon any one to speak unless the Divine impulse
was felt, with the recognition that to hear the Di-
vine Voice there must be the attentive and re-
sponsive soul in silence before it, without distinc-
tion of worldly condition, as to learning, or station,
or sex, or age, this meeting seems not to have met
the recognition among Christians that the attitude
of Friends to moral problems has commanded. It
52 One Hundredtli Anniversary of
is indeed spoken of as a beautiful opportunity for
a few mystical souls, but for the busy American
multitude the pragmatic test is applied. And there
it seems to fail. In Great Britain it holds its own
among Friends and in certain sections of this
country. There are some of us who believe that
it will come to its own again, that prophetic minis-
try is not an impossible ideal, that individual wor-
ship in silence in the congregation is still an
achievement not only beautiful but very practical,
that the revelation of God will come down in
double portion upon such a waiting company, that
such a simple form is almost the necessary logical
consequence of what is most vital and potential in
the principles of Quakerism.
But here again, while the churches in general
have not adopted our theory, they have allowed it
to modify their own, and could we but be intelli-
gently faithful to it, we could probably work it out
on the side of church prosperity. But as a dis-
tinguished Bishop has recently said, " Just as we
were about to adopt the Quaker theory, at least in
part, some of you flopped over to the other side."
It is true that this " flop " came as a reaction from
an untenable and unprofitable traditionalism, but
it carried with it something that was precious, and
it seems to me essential to the raison d'etre of
our Society as a distinctive body, and some of us
will have to trace our steps backward into logical
unity with our fundamental historic position.
Historically speaking, a great change came
over the Society of Friends as a result of the
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 53
Revolutionary War, and this change has cre-
ated the Quakerism which many of us have
known in our earher years, but which in some
places seems to be passing away. The change had
a double effect. It on the one side increased the
tendency towards that devotion to the past which
in certain ways produced stagnation and incapacity
for adaptation. On the other, it drew the forces
of Quakerism together and made them more loyal
and more devoted to the special principles which
were recognized as fundamental. The history of
Friends up to the end of the eighteenth century
was very largely identical in the different colonies.
The same forces, the literature, the itinerant min-
istry, the reverence for the first generation pro-
ducing similar results.
It is probably not correct to say that the Friends
were Tories in the Revolution, if by Toryism one
means sympathy with the British crown and its
exactions. Some of the more influential mer-
chants of Philadelphia, undoubtedly were, as were
their counterparts in New York and Boston, but
there is very little evidence that the body of
Friends sympathized with the British. Their of-
ficial attitude was one of neutrality, because they
believed that war and revolution were not justifia-
ble under the circumstances. In Philadelphia
Yearly Meeting something like four hundred of
them were disowned by the Monthly Meetings for
actively joining the American cause. So far as I
know, there are no records of more than a half
dozen who were similarly treated for participation
54 One Hundredth Anniversary of
with the British, and I suppose that these four
hundred men who joined the Continental Army or
who took part in the State government, represented
a considerable population who were prevented by
their peaceful scruples from joining the move-
The Yearly Meeting as a whole adopted a policy
of non-participation in government as a result of
the war, and the quiet, unaggressive spirit which
had been developing in the Society some years
prior to the Revolution, was brought to a head by
the stress and strain of war times. The Friends
seem keenly to have felt the change which re-
sulted in their position before the public. Hitherto
they had been the rulers of the State and had im-
pressed themselves upon its institutions. Now they
were over large districts unpopular and proscribed
and often penalized by fines and imprisonment. It
seemed to them that this might partly be due to
their unfaithfulness. In the midst of the struggle
their Yearly Meeting urged what they called " a
reformation." That reformation was worked out
through all the subordinate sections with great
fidelity, and the products of it had a permanent ef-
fect upon the succeeding generations down to the
present time. It comprised several features :
( 1 ) In the first place, the long drawn out strug-
gle against slavery must be brought to a conclu-
sion. First testifying against the slave trade, and
then against the iniquities of slavery itself, finally
against slavery as an institution under any and all
circumstances, they gradually brought their mem-
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 55
bership up to the point of general manumission.
A few members, however, held back, and now it
was decided that the skirts of the Society must be
absolutely clear. While the armies were marching
through the country, committees were going around
among the few remaining slave holders urging
them not merely to release their slaves, but to pay
them the debts which they owed for unrequited
services, and if the efforts of this committee were
unsuccessful, the disloyal Friends were to be re-
moved from membership, so that during the time
of the war the last Quaker slave holder disappeared
from the North.
( 2 ) In the second place the same service was
performed toward the matter of tavern keeping.
Taverns in Colonial times had been part of the
necessary machinery of travel, and both solid and
liquid refreshment were assumed to be part of the
entertainment, but the drinking habits of Friends
had become a matter of concern, as well as their
slave holding habits, and while total abstinence as
a principle was not much taught, the sale of liquor
was so evidently fraught with evil consequences
that it was generally felt that Friends could not
engage in it, and after visiting committees had
worked on the subject, the matter was brought to
a termination during the war. While one Commit-
tee reported the last of the slave holders, another
was reporting that the last of the tavern keepers
had agreed to give up the business.
( 3 ) These were matters of moral import, but
other questions were also impressed in this "re-
56 One Hundredth Anniversary of
formation." One was the matter of schools. There
had been many small Friends' schools during Co-
lonial times, so that most Friends had been taught
the elements of education, but this was not at all
general, and besides the schools were, to a large
extent, mixed, and were not accomplishing the
purpose of shielding the youth, from supposed de-
moralizing influences. Still another Committee
therefore, acting upon the advice of the Yearly
Meeting, was going about among these meetings
during the war, urging the establishment of schools
under the care of school teachers with Friendly
sympathies and influences, so that every child
could be reached by these educational advantages.
This also was successful, and set the pace for the
future in the matter of education. It meant that
all Friends' children should receive elementary
education and this result was brought about. It
meant, also, that this elementary education should
be, as far as possible, denominational and separate
from outside influence, and it also meant no pro-
vision for higher education, so that except in pri-
vate ways there was probably less opportunity for
college training in the Society of Friends for a
number of years after the Revolutionary War, than
there had been previously when many Friends
were taking the matter in their own hands.
( 4 ) This reformation also meant the closing up
of the ranks in support of the peculiar testimonies of
Friends and made them more and more separate
from the world. They felt that it was a lack of
this fidelity to the teachings and methods of the
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 57
past that had brought them into trouble in defend-
ing themselves from external encroachments ; that
they must be absolutely faithful to their religious
duties, their attendance at meetings and their care
of each other ; and that they must separate them-
selves, as far as possible, from all other denomina-
tional influences. Their reading was to be nar-
rowed very largely to Friends' books and their at-
tendance at other places of worship was to be pro-
hibited. They were to bring up their children in
strict observance of the simplicity which was laid
upon previous generations, and a committee to
carry out this part of the concern visited families,
first to their own houses to see that no superfluous
furniture or decorations existed, and then the same
general concern Vv^as extended to the membership
in general. Here again the committee labored
through the war times when the sympathies of the
membership were cemented by common suffering,
and when the faithfulness of many Friends had
produced an enthusiasm for the cause which pre-
viously had been somewhat lacking. The rather
exclusive type of Quakers with which many of us
have been familiar in our early days resulted, it
seems to me, from tendencies which had their
strongest impulse at the time of the Revolutionary
And so there settled down in the Society of
Friends, as a result of this great national cata-
clysm, a zeal for moral reforms and a rigid stand-
ard of personal morality, in every way admirable,
a devotion to historic Quakerism, of unreasoning
58 Ojte Hundredth Anniversary of
fidelity, in many respects pure and beautiful, but
not in accord with the progressive spirit of Ameri-
can life— and which untempered by a broad intel-
lectual outlook, resulted in the divisions and diver-
sions of the past century.
It remains for us, in this era of Colleges and
wider views, to gather together the essential
features of Quakerism where our Colonial fathers
left them, throwing aside unchristian attitudes on
the one hand, and the opportunist spirit, the de-
sire for quick returns which leads into all manner
of anachronisms, on the other, and gathering our-
selves into the spirit of early Quakerism, give to
the world an effective though perchance weak
demonstration of a simple direct progressive re-
ligion. A demonstration which America needs
and which she will accept. Why should not the
triumph of Quaker ideas be followed even yet by
the triumph of the organization which stands for
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 59
Emma Lippincott Higgins.
TT seems fitting that the closing remarks to an
^ all-day program should be brief, and I shall try
to bear this in mind as I proceed.
It usually occurs, I think, that the most im-
portant, the most pertinent, and at the same time
the most vital and most beautiful things relating
to such a time, place and occasion as this, have
already been said when the last speaker is called.
This seems especially true to-day, and hence there
is not much that I need to say.
We have heard warm words of welcome, history,
reminiscence, poetry, all in most beautiful, eloquent
and forceful language ; and I am sure that every
heart here has thrilled to the story thus so ably
told by the previous speakers.
It is the story of human effort and human prog-
ress, with its mountain-top experiences of exalta-
tion and triumph and joy ; with its moments in the
valley of humiliation, sorrow, and defeat, whence
these noble spirits ever arose with renewed strength
and vigor, stronger purpose and brighter illumina-
tion of spirit than before.
We are proud of our heritage as Friends, and
justly so ; they have ever stood for peace, for
6o One Hwidredtli Anniversary of
truth and justice, and for righteousness ; they
have ever held that mere earthly life is naught
when deprived of the strength and power and free-
dom of the spirit ; they have ever cast aside creeds
and dogmas and doctrines as the husks of religion,
cleaving fast to that which is vital in religious
thought ; they have held to the true religion, that
of the spirit, the fruits of which — love, joy and
peace— are scattered along the pathway of every
day ; they have practiced the religion which bids
us "visit the widows and the fatherless in their
affliction," and to keep ourselves unspotted from
worldly lusts and greed.
We have heard to-day of the early Quakers who,
more than two centuries ago, came to this land
with their high ideals and determination of pur-
pose ; of those Friends who, a century ago, founded
this meeting, and built this meeting house ; and of
those yet nearer and dearer, the parents and grand-
parents of many who are here assembled.
As we have listened, in our thoughts we have
risen to the heights of purity and truth, of strength
and nobility to which they attained ; and we rev-
erently concede that much of the comparatively
small value, perhaps, which might be attached to
our own individual lives is due to the example and
to the strength of purpose manifested in the lives
of these ancestors of ours.
They have left us a priceless heritage — that of
their honor and their loyalty to the truth as they
saw it. It is for us to carry on the work of puri-
fication and regeneration ; for us to fulfill the un-
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 6i
finished purpose of their Hves ; for us to shoulder
the banner of Truth and be loyal to the Society of
Friends and to the principles and truths for which
it stands ; it is for every member to embrace every
opportunity to proclaim to a yet sleeping world the
words which shall bring to them an awakened
spiritual understanding ; it is for every member of
the Society of Friends to stand firm for those
things which are vital in life — the " eternal veri-
ties " for those principles which, while decreasing
our numbers by thinning our ranks, have yet in-
creased our strength and made us the factor in the
world's history v/hich we have been, and must
continue to he.
It has been said here to-day that it is doubtful if
we may ever achieve again such victories as our
sires achieved ; that there is no such burning ques-
tion as slavery to stir men's hearts and demand da-
ring action, as in times gone by. But it has also
been said that great tasks lie before us — that strong
and vigorous and telling action is needed among us ;
that it is not so much what has been done as what
yet remains to be done ; not so much what our an-
cestors accomplished as what we ai^e doing to-
day. It was well said that we must sow where we
do not expect to reap, and build where we may not
hope to enter in.
And I say to you — let no heart think that he may
rest while the curse of intemperance sweeps our
land ; while the stain of social impurity and immo-
rality blackens the record of our youth ; while the
blot of graft and greed and selfishness mars the es-
62 One Hwidrcdth Anniversary of
cutcheon of the human race : let no hand feel that
it may be idle while want and woe and suffering
encompass our land.
Some poet has written words stating what the
Christian life stands for, and they seem as if they
might have been written specially for the Society
of Friends, so closely do they apply, and so largely
embody our idea.
For the Christ of Galilee,
For the Truth that makes men free ;
For the bond of unity
Which makes God's children one.
For the Truth against Tradition ;
For the Faith 'gainst superstition ;
For the Hope whose glad fruition
Our waiting eyes shall see.
For the Love that shines in deeds ;
For the Light that this world needs ;
For the Church whose triumph speeds
The prayer : ' Thy will be done.' "
We know that to carry out the will of God, to
have it " done on earth as it is in heaven," means
for every one of us to enter into conscious, har-
monious relation with the Father, to blend our
human wills with His divine will, that we may
know His plan, and fulfill our mission upon earth.
We recognize that there can be no success, no
real success unless we are " In Tune with the In-
finite "; and we would infer from the success of
this meeting to-day that those who have been in
charge, those who have planned and worked for
this occasion must have been guided by "The
Fallowfield Frieftds' Meeting House. 63
The previous speakers have left to me the de-
lightful privilege of expressing the appreciation
which I know each one here feels. We are deeply-
grateful for the experience of the day. " No one
can come to such a gathering " — as Henry Wilbur
said at Swarthmore Summer School, — "and go
away exactly as he came ; " he must receive fresh
inspiration, must be moved by higher and holier as-
pirations ; must feel a stronger courage, and expe-
rience a keener realization of the duty that lies be-
The Friends who gather here so faithfully from
week to week, are few in numbers, but they give
every evidence of keeping pace with Time and in
touch with Progress, guided by the Everlasting
Light. They realize, while cleaving fast to the
Friendly faith and basic principles, that
" New occasions teach new duties ;
Time makes ancient good uncouth ;
They must upward still and onward,
Who would keep abreast of Truth."
And now, 0, God, our Father Spirit, at the close
of this memorable day, we come to thee to express
the gratitude of our hearts ; to Thee, who hast en-
dowed us with a measure of thine own spirit, who
hast granted unto us the privilege of entering into
the Holy of Holies to commune with Thee, where-
by we may receive wisdom to plan our lives aright,
and power to execute, even unto the fullness of the
We are grateful to Thee for the privilege of this
day, for the manifestations of thy Presence here
among us ; and for all thy rich blessings.
64 One Hundredth Anniversary of
We may not ask of Thee, for the future, that
Thou wilt be especially near unto us, for we do
know that Thou art ever near, — "Nearer than
hands and feet, and closer than breathing," for in
Thee " we live and move and have our being ; "
nor can we ask for Thy especial blessing to rest
upon us for we know that thou art no respecter of
persons, and that Thy laws are unchangeable ; we
know that Thy richest and choicest blessings are
ever ours,— ours to receive if we be but willing.
But we do ask and earnestly desire that we may
have our spiritual eyes so opened that we may re-
ceive the clearer vision of our blessings ; that our
spiritual ears may be so quickened that we may the
better hear Thy voice ; and that our spiritual minds
may be strengthened so that we may know more
perfectly of thy great wisdom and love.
We would have granted us, dear Father, stronger
convictions, greater courage, and a more complete
and abiding faith in thee and thy goodness to us,
We would pray to know Thee better, to feel the
perfect assurance of the little child, that when we
reach for Thy hand, we shall feel the firm and
tender clasp ; that when we listen, we shall hear
Thy gentle voice ; that when we look into Thy
face, we shall see the loving smile of encourage-
ment and approval.
We do pray that we may so live in the spirit as
to be worthy of Thy love ; that we, being joint
heirs with Christ, may follow in His footsteps,
preaching the gospel, healing the sick, and com-
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 65
forting the sorrowing, — thus glorifying Thee, our
Father, and Thy Son, our Elder Brother, Jesus
Christ, the man of Galilee. Amen,
One Hundredth Amuversary of
A PARTIAL LIST OF THOSE PRESENT.
Mrs. I. Haines Dickinson,
Mrs. R. A. L. Dickinson,
Miss J. P. Dickinson,
Mrs. Rachel P. Brown,
Mr. James D. Gilbert,
R. L. Walton,
Agnes M. Walton,
Anna Temple Boyer,
Emma Lippincott Higgins,
Virginia Lippincott Higgins,
William L. Jackson,
Jessie W. Jackson,
Lorena P. Chandler,
Bertha M. Chandler,
Marion L. Skelton,
Elizabeth P. Humphreys,
Lydia S. Commons,
James W. Draper,
Howard C. Maule,
Phebe W. Maule,
Lydia B. Maule,
Mrs. T. J. Edge,
Anna E. Maule,
Emma B. Maule,
Ruth C. Wanner,
S. Walter To wnsend,
Lillian M. B. Townsend,
Lucretia B. Faddis,
Carrie B. Faddis,
Ellen P. Palmer,
Edward A. Pennock,
Sarah A. Pennock,
. Coatesville, Pa,
Buck Run, Chester Co., Pa.
West Chester, Pa.
Chatham, R. F. D., Pa.
Chatham, R. F. D., Pa.
West Chester, Pa.
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House.
Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Bicking,
Mrs. Ogden and daughter,
Mrs. A. Wilson,
Emma Speakman Webster,
Cloud N. Speakman,
Ida J. Speakman,
Wm. H. H. Peirce,
Samuel S. Young,
Elizabeth W. Moore,
Frances E. Moore,
Lawrence C. Moore,
Mary W. Moore,
Charlotte E. Moore,
G. W. Moore,
Ziba C. Martin,
B. P. Cooper,
Laura E. Cooper,
William B. Moore,
S. Emma Maule,
Emma C. Walton,
Grace E. Windle,
Sara J. Lewis,
Ida V. Walton,
Gertrude W. Nields,
James Nields, Jr.,
Clara W. Hannum,
Maurice R. Darlington,
Walter T. Wood,
W. C. Wilson,
W. B. Palmer,
Charles S. Philips,
Annie J. Palmer,
Esther M. Palmer,
Buck Run, Pa.
West Chester, Pa.
Christiana, Lancaster Co., Pa.
West Chester, Pa.
West Chester, Pa.
Doe Run, Pa.
Doe Run, Pa.
Doe Run, Pa.
One Hundredth Anniversary of
Joseph T. Whitson, ..
Jane T. Whitson,
Mary P. Brown,
J. Edw. Brinton,
Gertrude A. Walton,
J. Howard Humpton,
John R. Kendig,
Willard N. Maule, .
Delia Webb, .
N. D. Webb,
E. G. Wright,
Anna Taylor Davis, .
Clara B. Maule,
P. E. Marshall,
C. W. Ash,
A. P. Ash,
Joseph C. Skelton,
Lydia L. M. Skelton,
Lilley M. Skelton,
C. F. Heidelbaugh, .
Mary C. Webster,
Mrs. Carrie H. Taylor,
J. E. Reid,
M. Fannie Reid,
Samuel T. Moore,
Martha W. Moore,
Estelle Brinton Irwin,
Emma C. Calvert,
Marguerite H. Calvert,
Mary Thompson Hickman
Amy Laucks Hickman,
Mrs. W. T. Hope,
Mrs. A. S. Copeland,
Miss Anna L. Waters,
Mrs. Sarah J. Waters,
Mrs. Henry Schroder,
Kennett Square, Pa.
Doe Run, Pa.
Gum Tree, Pa.
West Chester, Pa.
Gum Tree, Pa.
Doe Run and Chatham, Pa.
West Chester, Pa.
Newtown Square, Pa.
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House.
Miss Cora Schroder,
Miss Louise Schroder,
Mary A. Maule,
Jessie M. Humpton,
Hayes C. Taylor,
C. I. Miller, .
Florence E. T. Miller,
Rebecca A. Miller,
Emma B. Maule,
Maurice R. Humpton,
Edna M. Reynolds,
Mary W. Moore,
H. M. R, Seltzer,
S. Anna Seltzer,
C. Ella Clark,
Elsie M. Newlin,
John E. Newlin,
Elizabeth W. Turner,
William C. Holbrook,
J. Whittier Fulton,
Harry W. Reed,
George J. Reed,
Warren L. Webster,
Elizabeth D. Webster,
Jessie A. Webster,
Helen W. Turner,
Paul H. Turner,
Alverda N. Turner, .
Anna Jessie Turner,
Gertrude K. Walton,
Mary D. Walton,
Mabel W. Kendig, .
Raymond C. Kendig,
Dorothy W. Kendig,
Grace E. Kendig,
George C. Maule,
Wm. L. Paxson,
Wm. L. Jackson,
Hannah W. Paxson,
Gum Tree, Pa.
Doe Run, Pa.
Gum Tree, Pa.
Gum Tree, Pa.
Gum Tree, Pa.
Doe Run, Pa.
Gum Tree, Pa.
Black Horse, Pa.
One Hundredth Anniversary of
S. Jane Hambleton, .
Alice E. Rodebaugh,
Trj'on G. Rodebaugh,
Patience W. Kent,
Edward L. Palmer, .
Hannah M. Martin,
Benjamin L. Wood, .
Martha W. Moore,
John P. Sharpless,
CaroHne M. Lippincott,
Lydia Ann Mevves,
Edgar A. Mewes,
Sarah A. Martin,
Annie M. Martin,
Annie L. Mewes,
Esther E. Morris,
Alice H. Paschall,
Sallie Mewes Martin,
Bertha M. Soolback,
Anna O. Martin,
Blanche E. Hope,
Florence E. Hope,
Elma V. S. Hope,
Robert W. Ramsay,
Mrs. Robert W. Ramsay,
Fannie H. Humphrey, .
T. Milton Humphrey,
Edwin B. Maule,
Anna E. Maule,
Gertrude R. Skelton,
Eleanor T. Maule,
Lottie L. Mackey,
Mabel W. Kendig,
Grace E. Kendig,
Dorothy W. Kendig,
Samuel S. Young,
West Chester, Pa.
West Chester, Pa.
West Chester, Pa.
Kennett Square, Pa.
West Chester, Pa.
Kennett Scjuare, Pa.
Gum Tree, Pa.
New London, Pa.
East Fallowfield, Pa.
Fallowjield Friends' Meeting House.
Caleb M. Taylor,
Susan W. Taylor,
Samuel S. Thompson,
Emma L. Thompson,
Annie W. Thompson,
Albert L. Thompson,
George W. Worrest,
Sara E. Peirce,
Jacob M. Peirce,
Frances M. Holbrook,
Mary E. Newlin,
Henry W. Wilbur,
Joseph S. Walton,
Dr. E. L. Palmer, .
Dora E. Walton,
Caroline Lippincott, .
J. Howard Humpton,
West Chester, Pa.
Leonard P. O., Pa.
George School, Pa.
West Chester, Pa.
George School, Pa.
West Chester, Pa.
m 1 2 1956