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Full text of "Fallowfield Friends' meeting house, Ercildoun, Pennsylvania, one hundredth anniversary"

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Contents. 



lt*< 1^ / PAGE. 

cation, ..... 3 

Officers, . . . . . -4 

Preface, ...... 5 

Address of Welcome, by Hayes C. Taylor, . . 7 

Early Memories, by J. Whittier Fulton, . . 9 

Response— E. L. Palmer, . . . .10 

Reminiscences— Gertrude W. Nields, . . 14 

Anniversary Poem — Elizabeth W. Moore, . . 20 

A Backward and a Forward Look — Henry W. Wilbur, 23 

Poem— John Russell Hayes, . . . .27 

Historical Sketch— Joseph W. Walton, . . 29 

Quakers and Puritans— Isaac Sharpless, . . 46 

Closing Remarks— Emma Lippincott Hici:gins, . 59 

A Partial List of those Present, . . .66 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 
Failowfield Meeting House, . . . Frontispiece 

Interior of Meeting House, . . Facing page 15 

Meeting House and Grove, . . . " " 30 

Burying Ground and Meeting House, . " " 47 

People's Hall— built by Abolition Members of Society, " " 62 



Dedication. 



To the Sacred Memory of the Founders of 
Fallowfield Friends' Meeting, this volume is 
dedicated by the descendants, in the spirit of love 
and kindly recollection. 



OFFICERS. 



President, 
Geo. C. Maule, Gum Tree, Pa. 

Vice-Presidents, 
Ebenezer Maule, Enoch P. Moore, 

J. Whittier Fulton, Cloud N. Speakman, 
Alfred Darlington, Brinton C. Cooper. 

Secretary, 
Emma C. Walton. 

Treasurer, 

Warren L. Webster. 

Chairmen of Connnittees, 

Program, . . Elizabeth W. Moore. 

Printing, . . G. W. Moore. 

Transportation, . . Wm. Webster. 

Refreshments, . . John R. Kendig. 

Seating, . . J. Howard Humpton. 

Accommodation, Lawrence G. Moore. 



PREFACE. 

IN presenting this little book to the public, it 
seems appropriate that some introductory state- 
ments be made, relating to the work accom- 
plished in Fallowfield Meeting. 

The Young Friends' Association connected with 
this place conceived the idea that the year of 1911 
should not pass without the observance of the one 
hundredth anniversary of the Meeting. 

Much of historical significance will be found 
elsewhere in the book ; but we feel that the labors 
of those who were so faithful in their duties here 
cannot be passed by without a word of apprecia- 
tion. 

Among the valued ministers especially allied to 
this Meeting who lived within the memory of its 
oldest attendants, were Mary Lukens, Rebecca 
Pierce, Jesse Kersey ; and later, Margaretta Wal- 
ton ; as well as Enoch S. Hannum, a member of our 
Monthly Meeting, earnest, and convincing in his 
teaching. All these, though different in type, min- 
istered to the needs of the people and sowed good 
seed that bore fruitage in its season. 

Margaretta Walton, whose home was on a prop- 
erty adjacent to that of the Meeting-house, seemed 
very closely associated with the lives of those who 
attended her home meeting. Her years of dili- 

( 5 ) 



gent and devoted service surely have merited a 
just reward and left a lasting impression on the 
minds of those who remember her. 

Among others who were able workers in this 
Meeting we must not omit the promoters of our 
First-day School, which has been identified with 
the Meeting for many years, and is still in progress. 

Within the recollection of the oldest members of 
this body, the untiring and faithful labors of Ed- 
win Walton will be remembered as Superintend- 
ent. After the School was in operation for several 
years it was discontinued for a time ; with the co- 
operation of Chalkley Webster it was reorganized 
with its old Superintendent again in charge, and 
was kept open the entire year as it is at present. 
The many children, as well as men and women who 
were members of the First-day School, cannot for- 
get the kind words of instruction, and the devoted 
loyalty of their beloved leader, who never resigned 
his position until weakness and the infirmities of 
age compelled him to do so. 

Within recent years a " Young Friends' Associa- ' 
tion " was organized by the members of Fallowfield 
Monthly Meeting, and its meetings held each month 
are interesting and helpful. 

We trust that the work of one hundred years 
may not be lost, but that the worthy efforts of our 
forefathers may serve as an inspiration to those of 
the present day in making our Meeting a center 
for righteous living and a memorial of true ser- 
vice. 



( 6 ) 



ADDRESS OF WELCOME. 



Hayes C. Taylor. 



TN a spirit of friendship and with a feeling of ten- 
der regard for those whose memories we cherish 
as our f orebearers, who came to this pastoral region 
in the early days when the Indian claimed it as his 
home and hunting-ground, and the wild animals 
roved at will — with a feeling of reverence and ten- 
der awe we have come together to venerate the 
spirit of our pioneer ancestors and in this spirit I 
beg to bid you welcome. 

We are met at our forefathers' Meeting House. 
Only vaguely can we imagine those early condi- 
tions that our forefathers experienced in the pri- 
meval forest — the hardships, the difficulties, the 
dangers, the privations, that were endured. There 
was no labor-problem then. The proprietor and 
aristocrat of the newly-built forest home solved 
this problem with his own hands. It was his spirit 
to go out — he was not forced to go — and clear the 
forest and build a home, and many of you are 
living to-day on or near the site where your great- 
great-grandfather built his lowly and lonely home 
of logs, and there abode with his family in spirit 
and in truth. 

The progress and development of the spirit of 
modern civilization may be measured and ex- 

( 7 ) 



8 0)ie Hundredth Anniversary of 

pressed in a material way by the amount of ad- 
vance in development which our homes of to-day 
have made over those which afforded comfort and 
protection to the sturdy pioneer. From the stand- 
point of the spirit, or what in modern science is 
termed psychology, a change has come about 
whereby the comforts and luxuries of those days 
are considered necessities to-day, but solving the 
matter down to the fundamentals of life, we know 
that true comfort and true happiness were just as 
abundant then as now, and in some cases perhaps a 
little more so. It is the spirit of the man that 
makes the man, and not the material conditions 
about him. George Fox discerned the truth of the 
spirit and taught men so, replying, upon being 
asked on one occasion, how he knew that Christ 
dwelt within him, " I know by the Spirit of Christ 
which he has given me." 

It was this spirit that led our forefathers into 
this region, and it was this spirit that caused them 
to build a meeting house in every community after 
they had first erected homes in which to live. To 
this common house of worship were they led by 
the spirit, and by the same spirit were we led here 
to-day, to meet with one another, to talk with one 
another, to rejoice with one another. 

May we use this sacred heritage of the spirit as 
becomes the children of Quaker parents, and may 
we strive by the renewing of our faith, to hand it 
on as pure and sanctified as it came to us. In this 
spirit may we greet one another to-day, and in this 
spirit may we live with one another in the days 
which are to be. 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 



EARLY MEMORIES. 



JWHITTIER FULTON spoke in reminiscent 
• strain of incidents in the history of the old 
Meeting House. 

The place where so many worthies had worshiped 
is to him sacred ground, closely associated with the 
best in the history of the community. It was here 
that the colored race was championed when it was 
in the depths of slavery. Here they were edu- 
cated, were nursed through sickness and helped in 
distress. In the day when free speech was chal- 
lenged this meeting opened its doors to Abby Kelly 
Foster, whose address was interrupted by an at- 
tempt to smoke out the meeting by brimstone 
placed in the stove. The culprit was informed upon 
by a negro who was chased by the mob when it was 
known that he was the informer. He was saved 
from danger by a noble woman of the neighbor- 
hood who sheltered the negro in her home ; later 
the case was brought to trial and the right vindi- 
cated. 

Mr. Fulton recalled the schools conducted here 
by the late Smedley Darlington, and later by his 
brother, Richard, paying tribute to the good work 
done there through instruction imparted. He also 
reminded his hearers of Solomon Lukens, a school 
director of early days, and founder of the great 
iron works at Coatesville ; of the Pierces and the 
Modes, who had been associated with this meet- 



lO One Hundredth Anniversary of 

ing ; of Hugh E. Steele, whose energy and perse- 
verance had been instrumental in bringing the 
Reading Railway through this county, and who fre- 
quently attended divine worship in this house. 
There were others also mentioned who were active 
in the Meeting and in the development of the 
neighborhood. 



RESPONSE. 



E. L. Palmkr. 



T SURELY count it a privilege, as I feel it a 
**• pleasure, to respond on behalf of the people 
assembled here, to the heartfelt greeting of this 
management as it welcomes us to this memorial 
gathering in the fulness of democratic equality 
and the spirit of Christian love. 

This day we have set apart and dedicated it to 
the past ; we freely give to it all the reverence and 
veneration our minds and hearts contain, and be- 
stow upon its progenitors and supporters all the 
respect and gratitude our capacities will afford. 

One hundred years ago a few consecrated men 
and women gathered here where now we stand, 
and decided to establish a place for worship where 
they could meet at their appointed times and in 
their plain and simple way of fraternal fellowship, 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. ii 

invoke God's blessing and heed the monitions of 
the Spirit. 

It is a pleasure for us one century later to con- 
sider their constancy and fidelity and reflect that 
this meeting for worship has been maintained un- 
interrupted, and the fundamental principles of the 
Society carefully observed by their descendants 
and others who have become convinced. 

To all human experience, Time, with its many 
tides brings many smiles and many tears. We 
voluntarily bestow all of ours to-day to this venera- 
ble house of worship with its hallowed associations 
and its devoted followers. 

And as we stand within these halls where many 
sacred vows were made, and look out upon those 
graves where so many mortals lie, we are -moved 
with deep emotion. 

When we consider their good works we rejoice, 
but when we miss their loving presence we feel 
sad. Their toils and struggles, their failures and 
their triumphs, are all history nov/ ; their destinies 
are in the keeping of their creator, for they have 
finished the work that was given them to do, and 
we pray that it may have been beautiful in the 
sight of God and that they are glorified in him. 

Man, in his ardor and vehemence, his visions of 
vain-glory and his love of fame, seems to overes- 
timate his mortal aspirations at the expense, and 
sometimes loss, of his spiritual manhood ; but there 
are landmarks all around us of consecrated souls 
who, while true to home and country, were diligent 
in devotion to God. 



12 One Hundredth Anniversary of 

We are permitted to live one hundred years later 
and under better conditions than they. We enjoy 
the fruits of their labors and escape the evils they 
have eradicated. No single century in the world's 
long history has been more eventful than the one 
just passed. No country on the earth's broad sur- 
face has developed so rapidly as the land we live 
in. All manner of progress, every kind of reform, 
great variety of invention, rapid advance in arts 
and science, great improvement in intellectual cul- 
ture, with moral and spiritual promotion, all mark 
to an eminent degree the century just gone. 

This place and its devoted followers did not stand 
idly by when public and private issues of gravity 
and importance were trembling in the balance of 
uncertainty. They were in the forefront of all 
moral, intellectual and political reform. 

They preached it from their galleries and they 
voted for it at the polls, and about here, as else- 
where throughout our broad land, in obscure homes 
and in sequestered places, the delicate arms of our 
American mothers rocked in the cradle the destiny 
of a united republic, whose honor abroad and integ- 
rity at home, are now established ; and the flag of our 
country is a true emblem of liberty, rather than a 
false ensign to wave over the head of a slave. 

They were particularly earnest and prominent in 
the great anti-slavery movement, far the most im- 
portant national issue that ever engaged the atten- 
tion of the American republic. 

They were always identified with all manner of 
political and religious advancement. So it is not 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 13 

idle sentiment, nor vain egotism, nor foolish flat- 
tery with us to sound their praises over their 
graves one hundred years after they declared 
their devotion to God, to home and country. We 
are most sincere, and are positively truthful with 
their laudations ; they were worthy of all we can 
bestow upon them. 

Religion was their central purpose, spiritual and 
social culture the end for which they labored, not 
alone for the individual, but for the State and com- 
munity as well. They knew and understood that 
the present was the parent of the future ; that the 
deeds and doings of to-day are responsible, to a 
great degree, for what to-morrow would bring 
forth. They knew that life was a destiny, and felt 
that every day was a day of discipline and a day 
of development when men and their institutions 
went forward or fell backward. 

They felt it a duty to maintain religious liberty 
and the right of every one to worship God according 
to the dictates of conscience. This is the great- 
est privilege of true democracy. They felt it 
a personal obligation to vindicate the fundamen- 
tal distinguishing tenets in George Fox's doc- 
trine of the imminent Christ spirit and God's 
direct revelations, as well as those of non-resist- 
ance and their testimony against war and blood- 
shed. 

This community, I rejoice to say, shows the im- 
press of the Quaker thought and discipline, and 
the country at large a growing tendency to incor- 
porate them into their modes of worship. Quaker 



14 One Hundredth Anniversary of 

blood is flowing into alien veins. " It doth not yet 
appear what it shall be." 

It is not my place at this time to enter into a de- 
tailed account of doctrinal views, for denomina- 
tional lines are fading away in the advance of a 
higher knowledge and a clearer conception of the 
functions of the holy Nazarene in his divine mis- 
sion among men. He was the first born among 
many brethren, a co-laborer, and a joint heir. 
''Follow thou me," was the solid creed of those 
we to-day emulate and in whose memory we hold 
this memorial. 



REMINISCENCES. 



Gertrude W. Nields. 



JAMES FULTON, first to establish a home at this 
place, had bought fifty-two acres of poor land, 
called the " Briar Patch," built a little barn, in 
which he lived while building the stone end of the 
house still standing. He taught school in a log 
house in an adjoining grove, and cultivated the 
briar patch at night ; later opened a store in one 
room of his dwelling, hauled goods from Philadel- 
phia in a small wagon drawn by one horse ; from 
little farm and little store supported a large 
family. 



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Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 15 

His neighbors knew him as a quiet man, whose 
daily living was a helpful example. 

A thinker, whose mind was stored with informa- 
tion gained when and how, could not be understood, 
when we recall the lack of schools and dearth of 
books one hundred years ago. 

In business he accorded exact justice to every 
one ; to defraud the poor, the ignorant, or the help- 
less, was impossible for him. 

Scorned deceit, insincerity, untruthfulness, lazi- 
ness. 

Yea, yea ! — nay, nay ! Loved his neighbor, fed 
him when hungry. Clothed him when naked. 
Sheltered him when homeless. Ministered unto 
when sick. 

He was in sympathy with every movement to 
make this country in fact, as well as in name, the 
land of the free. 

James Fulton, Jr. 

These characteristics of mind and heart ap- 
peared in his son, the second James. 

To them was added, very early in life, a deter- 
mination to arouse the people to the enormity of 
the sin of traffic in men. 

Human slavery was recognized by the Congress 
of the United States, defended by our government 
and supported by the church and society. Few 
thought it wrong, fewer dared say so ; it meant 
ostracism, persecution, attack by mobs. 

Undeterred by these, he devoted his talents ( the 
ability to think clearly, to state an argument con- 



1 6 One Hundredth Anniversary of 

vincingly, with earnestness and enthusiasm), to the 
awakening of consciences that had long been dumb. 
His short life was filled with excitement, risk 
and danger, but they never lessened his effort to 
remove from his country an institution condemned 
by the civilized world. 

Gideon Peirce 

Built a house here in 1818, in which he also con- 
ducted a store. Much that has been said of the 
character of James Fulton, was equally true of 
Gideon Peirce. 

1819 

The Fallowfield Library Company was organized. 
Its Constitution forbade the admission of romances, 
novels, plays, all books inimical to the Christian re- 
ligion. 

Gideon Peirce was chosen Librarian, and con- 
tinued to hold that office during its existence. 

At one time Richard Darlington the elder, made 
an effort to have it removed to Doe Run. 

James Fulton, Jr., secured large additions to its 
membership and income, thus securing its reten- 
tion. At his request, in 1838, Lucretia Mott sent 
the names of more than one hundred books that 
would be desirable ; William Burleigh added to the 
number. 

This year a post office was secured. Heretofore 
persons living here received their mail at McWil- 
liamstown or Humphreyville. The post office must 
have a name. At the suggestion of James Fulton, 
Jr., the name " Ercildoun " was given it. 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 17 

1835 

East Fallowfield Anti-Slavery Society was formed 
in a school house near Newlin's Mill. James Ful- 
ton, Jr., was elected Recording Secretary. 

Its first annual report stated that more than 
3,000 books, magazines and papers, had been dis- 
tributed. 

Many signatures were secured to petitions, asking 
Congress to abolish slavery in the District of Co- 
lumbia and the Territories, also requesting the 
Legislature to grant trial by jury for reputed fu- 
gitives. 

For the next ten years this society held its meet- 
ings in school houses, at times in this house. 

In the winter of 1844, Abby Kelly and Charles 
Burleigh spoke here. The meeting was broken up 
by a mob of ruffians from Sadsburyville. The 
rioters were arrested and tried at West Chester ; 
acquitted by the jury, though the Judge charged 
against them. 

After that experience a majority of the mem- 
bers decided that Anti-Slavery meetings should 
not be held in this Meeting House. 

Those who felt that the abolition of slavery was 
the overshadowing question of the day, demand- 
ing discussion at all places and times, contributed 
and collected sufficient money to build the hall 
near-by. Mary Coates donated the land. It was 
declared that every question, creed and race were 
welcome on its platform. 

Over the door the words, " The People's Hall," 
and over the platform, " Let Truth and Error grap- 



1 8 One Hundredth Anniversary of 

pie." Because of this sentiment, one Friend who 
had been in sympathy with the movement, with- 
drew ; considered it inconsistent in Friends to grap- 
ple with anything — even error. 

Kidnappers. 

One of the very earUest recollections of my 
childhood was the alarm felt on being awakened 
at night by some one talking under the window. 
It was always a colored man or men, urging my 
father to come down the road, Or to an adjoining 
woods, where a strange man had been seen. A 
strange man in that remote neighborhood was an 
object of terror, being a possible kidnapper, who 
did not distinguish between bond and free. 

Ercildoun was one of the stations on the Under- 
ground Railroad. 

Many slaves had heard of Thomas Garrett, of Wil- 
mington, Delaware, as a friend who would assist 
them to reach Canada ( the real land of freedom ). 

He knew of homes where they would be cared 
for, allowed to sleep a few hours, fed, and taken to 
the next stopping-place before daylight. 

Rebecca Peirce 

Preached in this house for many years. At one 
time she was made ill by the wrong-doing of a son ; 
the wrong-doing consisted in the purchase of a 
coat, the collar of which turned down, instead of 
standing up in proper Friendly style. 

One First-day, having removed her bonnet pre- 
paratory to beginning her discourse, her glance fell 
upon her little daughter sitting opposite ; she was 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 19 

grieved to see that the child's kerchief was crossed 
on her breast, instead of falling straight from the 
shoulder. She resumed her bonnet, descended the 
stairs, took the child's hand and led her home, 
where she was duly admonished of the gravity of 
her fault and put to bed. 

Years pass. Just before she entered the beautiful 
life beyond, she said to me, " I want thee to go to 
Meeting. I may live when there is not any Meet- 
ing. My child, if thee goes with the right feeling 
in thy heart, thee will get good from any meeting." 
Her mind was illumined, she saw the truth, it 
freed her from the narrowing thought that there 
was saving grace in the shape of a collar, or the 
fold of a kerchief. 

She realized that wherever people meet to wor- 
ship God the father, in humility of spirit, acknowl- 
edging their kinship to all His children, strength 
is found for daily needs. 



20 One Hundredth Afiniversary of 



ANNIVERSARY POEM. 



/^NE hundred years ! How fast the seasons roll ! 

^""^ What happy, fleeting memories fill the soul ; 
While with our many friends we gladly know 
We live in cherished times of long ago. 
These tombs all speak in consecrated tone 
Of some quiet form beneath the lettered stone, 
Of work completed — earthly duties done — 
Of early friendships — worthy tributes won. 
Our thoughts revert to scenes that time makes dear, 
To Quaker garb, and sacred worship here, 
When friendly footsteps sought this silent place, 
And dainty cap portrayed the peaceful face. 
The old horse-block long since has passed away, 
Where maidens checked their steeds on Meeting Day. 
The loved drab bonnet, costly, pure and neat — 
The kerchief at the neck, and cap to meet, 
The shawl beneath the belt, the dainty pin. 
The later, golden emblem 'neath the chin — 
The high silk hat our fathers wore with pride, 
The plain-cut coat — all these are laid aside. 
The two-wheeled gig that carried to this door 
Its precious load for worship — is no more. 
The carriage followed, and on First-day morn 
Its inmates to this place were gently borne. 
No autos sped along the dusty road. 
Nor touring car whirled by with dizzy load; 
The change of time has dealt a kindly blow 
Upon this meeting house, its marks to show. 
The voices from these olden galleries heard 
No longer minister the spoken word. 
Here, Mary Lukens strove the hearts to reach, 
In righteous ways, the seeking mind to teach; 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 21 

And Jesse Kersey spoke in words of power 

To anxious hearers at the meeting hour. 

Rebecca Pierce her modest voice would raise 

And shed sweet radiance in accents of praise. 

Dear Margaretta with a loving grace 

Here labored long; time's hands can not erase 

The good deeds done by her unfailing zeal, 

The kind influence all were wont to feel. 

And many others came and went, who spoke 

Good words of courage to the listening folk. 

The graveyard tells in solemn silence all 

Of these hushed lips who heard the final call. 

And children's children live, the paths to tread, 

Of those whose names are numbered with the dead. 

Nor has the sound of Peace with healing balm 

In this dear house, forever marked a calm; 

For when grim slavery threatened to divide 

The North and South, with fear on every side. 

Dissenting lips here spoke in measures bold 

As earnest men their strong convictions told. 

And members firm worked with a steady hand 

To aid the slaves who joined in Gideon's band. 

A loyal Fulton guiding still aright. 

With justice as his watchword, worked with might. 

The name of Ercildoun was rightly crowned 

As a slave-mart, on railway underground. 

All this is past, and war's appalling cry 

Is hushed ; a peaceful banner floats on high; 

And other forms this noted place still seek. 

Where abolitionists would come to speak, 

These lofty trees their waving foliage hold. 

And cast their shadows, as did those of old. 

Perhaps a few dear landmarks still remain, 

As noble links in the ancestral chain. 

What fond associations cling to these! 

Kind^Nature's kingly emblems, stately trees ! 



22 Oiie Hundredth Anniversary of 

They beautify earth's darkest, humblest spot, 

The Sovereign's palace, and the peasant's cot. 

May we, like them, tower upward and endure, 

With aspirations high and motives pure ; 

And with the change one hundred years have brought, 

Improve our time, in this great world of thought, 

Nor lose the deep, implicit faith so true. 

The simple ways our glad forefathers knew, 

The hand of progress, science, genius, art. 

Invention with its wonders to impart. 

The grasp for wealth, and capital and greed. 

The rushing, busy strife for daily need, 

All crowd life's book on each succeeding page, 

And mark the tenor of the present age. 

We cannot live in decades wholly past. 

Nor dwell on actions time has overcast. 

But let us do the work that meets us now. 

And at the shrine of service, humbly bow. 

With Faith our Watchword; ever clear and bright. 

Our Beacon still, the shining. Inner I,ight. 

Elizabeth W. Moore. 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 23 



A BACKWARD AND A FORWARD LOOK. 



Henry W. Wilbur. 



T_TIST0RY and biography contain the lessons 
•*■ •'• which the past teaches the present. As we 
are the product of that past we need to know it, 
not traditionally, but practically for our light and 
leading. There are points in the past where the 
most interesting thing is to consider the " might- 
have-beens." In the fore part of the sixteenth 
century, had the ideals of the apostles of the new 
learning, such as Sir Thomas More, Colet and Eras- 
mus, prevailed, the whole history of the world 
might have been changed, and that for the better. 
Peace, instead of the years of carnage which fol- 
lowed, might have come to the nations, and larger 
justice and liberty to the world. But this was not 
to be. Still, the reformers of the sixteenth cen- 
tury were the forerunners of the Friends of the 
seventeenth. Fox came with his fundamental 
truth regarding the divine fatherhood, and the 
universal saving light in all men, which embodied 
the ideals of a real spiritual democracy. In addi- 
tion he started the theory of " the square deal," in 
trade and commerce and in government, on its slow 
journey. To-day, the Friends who celebrate here, 
could present these fundamental truths and ideals 



24 One Hundredth Anniversary of 

as a vital message, with absolute assurance that 
the message would be received by the world gladly. 

But in looking backward we must remember that 
even those who have sometimes been against us 
have builded wiser than they knew. The Puritan 
was insistent that he should have the liberty to 
worship God with a free conscience, but was 
equally insistent that nobody else should enjoy a 
like privilege. He wanted to build a church with- 
out a bishop and a state without a king. But once 
the idea was started, the Puritan found that he 
could not enforce his spiritual monopoly. The real 
spirit which he liberated, could not be again chain- 
ed, and all the land caught its meaning, and gave 
it better expression than the Puritan ever knew. 

The struggle for the freedom of a race, which 
figures so prominently in this celebration, taught 
many lessons, but none more forcibly than the fact 
that the ideal which is worked out in blood falls 
far short of its highest mark. Those who were 
teachable learned that the atmosphere of revolu- 
tion is not the best one in which to settle great 
moral problems. Milton's immortal words in " Para- 
dise Lost " still hold true. 

" He who wins by force, 
Has conquered only half his foe." 

But what of the forward look ? Our fathers in 
their struggles, constantly builded where they did 
not expect to enter in, and planted where they 
knew they would not personally reap. That was 
their investment for their children and their 
children's children. It is the wise way of the 



Fallowfield Friejids' Meeting House. 25 

world. Our generation must do the same thing, as 
the only way it can pay its debt to the past. 

Much of the splendid energy of the yesterday 
in history, was spent in forwarding material pro- 
gress, and in making the wilderness blossom as the 
rose. The prairies and the deserts of our grand- 
fathers have become the granaries of the world. 
But the available arable land for the homesteader 
is nearly all gone. The future worlds to conquer 
must in the main be other than material. It is an 
alluring dream that the uncultivated moral and 
spiritual fields of the world's life may command the 
same concern and energy which in the past have 
been bestowed on our material conquests. 

The applied gospel, with its unrealized phrases 
about brotherhood, justice, liberty and right, is for 
the coming real man, not the fanciful super-man, 
to work out in the social, industrial and governmen- 
tal world. 

Our religious body has admirable ideals and 
adequate machinery to help carry on the task of 
real moral and spiritual development. The call 
with clearness comes to the present-day Friends, 
and the task rests upon the entire range of our 
membership to become equipped for the alluring la- 
bor before them. 

Considering our future possibilities in the atmos- 
phere of hope, understanding God's law of pro- 
gress, and our part as intelligent co-operators with 
Him, we may shout into the ears of the halting and 



26 One Hundredth Anniversary of 

the doubting, Gerald Massey's captivating opti- 
mism : 

" 'Tis weary watching wave on wave, 

But still the tide heaves onward ; 
We build like corals grave on grave, 

The path that leadeth sunward. 
We're driven back in many a fray. 

But fresher strength we borrow, 
And where the vanguard camps to-day, 

The rear shall rest to-morrow. 

"Throughout the world's long night of woe, 

The people's cry ascendeth ; 
The earth is wet with blood and tears, 

But our meek sufferance endeth. 
The few shall not forever rule, 

The many moil in sorrow, 
The powers of hell are strong to-day, 

But Christ shall reign to-morrow." 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 27 



ERCILDOUN MEETING 

( 1811-1911 ) 



John Russell Hayes 



2ik HUNDRED years these walls have cast 
Their shadows o'er the sod, 
A hundred years this house has known 
The blessed peace of God. 

O many are the gentle souls 

Through all the hundred years 

Who blest this peaceful house of prayer 
And loved it through their tears. 

And many are the gentle souls 

Through years remote and old 

Who wept above 3'on grassy graves 
Where sleep the hearts of gold. 

Ah, though in hours of tenderness 

We think with sorrow deep 
Of all the dear and well-beloved 

Wrapt in eternal sleep, — 

Yet well we know there is no death 

For those who deeply love ; 
The limits of this mortal life 

Their spirits soar above. 

Let no old meeting-house like this 
Lament for days of yore, 



28 One Hundredth Anniversary of 

While memoried voices call to us 
From out the heavenly shore. 

Let no old meeting-house like this 
Lament for glory gone, 

While children of its sires remain 
To hand the message on. 

Of noble and of kindly souls 
To-day we have no dearth ; 

In every age the Father sends 
His chosen ones to earth. 

In every generation still 

The hand of God is seen, 

His meadows of immortal love 
Are ever fresh and green. 

The lives our fathers lived of yore, 
The fragrance of the past, — 

Each age must add to these a charm 
More gracious than the last. 

And so at this first century mark 
W^e face the forward slope, 

Our hearts a-thrill with loving faith, 
Our eyes alight with hope, 

Content to know the Father's gifts 
And blessings will not cease, 

Trustful in His abounding love, 
Secure in His great peace. 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 29 



FALLOWFIELD MONTHLY MEETING. 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. 



Jos. S. Walton. 



T^HE lands round about Ercildoun were first held 
•'■ by Andrew Oliphant, Andrew Scott, and Rob- 
ert Wasson. The Oliphant claim was northeast of 
the Wilmington road. The Scotlands were west of 
the present Gum Tree road and southwest of the 
Wilmington road, including the meeting-house 
grove. The Robert Wasson patent was south of 
the Gum Tree road, including the meeting-house 
lot and burying ground. Tradition says that 
these hill tops had been burned over by the In- 
dian and early settler to secure convenient deer 
hunting grounds. Before the Revolutionary War 
patents were secured from John and Thomas Penn. 
Transfers and sales for taxes were the chief items 
of interest. After the war the possibilities of clear 
titles under the Commonwealth, freedom from quit 
rents and ease in clearing the ground for cropping, 
attracted the settler. The land occupied by the 
Fallowfield Meeting House was at one time part of 
a tract secured by patent from John and Thomas 
Penn in 1765. The deed would indicate that this re- 



30 One Hiindycdth Anniversary of 

gion was called " Doorough." The description calls 
for one hundred and twenty-five acres west of the 
*' Wilmington road," including the present site of 
the meeting house, burying ground, "People's 
Hall," post office and other properties lying south 
of the Gum Tree road. This patent was applied 
for in 1765 by John Wiley and secured in 1768 by 
Robert Wasson, but owing to delays in surveying, 
etc., it was not granted until 1771. In the follow- 
ing year the tract was sold by Jesse Maris, the 
County Sheriff at Chester, to John Passmore, for 
£145, to satisfy a claim of £108 made by Robert 
Wasson's creditors. In 1789 John Passmore sold 
this property of one hundred and twenty-nine 
acres as recently surveyed, to George and Mat- 
thew Welch. By this purchase these enterprising 
brothers then owned all the land facing the cross 
roads in the present village of Ercildoun. George 
Welch, who was probably the first active settler, oc- 
cupied the estate northeast of the Wilmington 
road, and lived near where William Webster's farm 
house now stands. 

In 1796 the executors of John Passmore's estate, 
applied to the Court at West Chester for power to 
fulfill the agreement made between the late John 
Passmore and the Welch brothers, and make title 
to Matthew Welch, upon payment of the unpaid 
remainder of the £295 purchase money. From 
this estate, which subsequently came into the 
possession of James Welch, was sold the acre where 
Fallowfield Meeting House now stands, and the 
burying ground is located, and many years later 



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Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 31 

107.56 perches on the east and south sides, also the 
piece of ground for the people's hall, the proper- 
ties occupied by Mrs. Samuel Wilson, Emma C. 
Walton, James Draper, and the land once owned 
by Jacob Carter, George Walton and part of prop- 
erty now held by Mrs. Robert Faddis. 

The settlement of the Welch brothers soon led 
to the holding of a Friends' meeting in the house 
of George Welch, At this time these Friends were 
members of New Garden Monthly Meeting, the 
nearest organization of this kind. In 1792 George 
Welch, on behalf of the Friends in that vicinity, 
applied to New Garden Monthly Meeting for per- 
mission to hold "their meetings longer." This 
hunger for opportunity to worship was before the 
New Garden Friends for consideration for some 
months. In Ninth Month, 1792, it was considered 
and postponed. The following month (10th Mo. 
3d, 1792 ) the Committee previously appointed was 
directed to attend the meeting at Fallowfield, " and 
unite with them in solidly considering their request 
and the place of meeting ; also the propriety of 
their building a house, if way should open for it." 

The members of this committee, Henry Chal- 
fant, Ellis Pusey, Joshua Pusey, Caleb Swayne, 
Ephraim Wilson and Joseph Smith, were largely 
members of London Grove Preparative Meeting, 
and during the time of their appointment London 
Grove Preparative Meeting was erected into a 
Monthly Meeting, and of course further care of 
the Indulged Meeting at Fallowfield was turned 



32 One Hundredth Anniversary of 

over to London Grove, and Jeremiah Barnard, Jr., 
and John Mann, were added to the committee. 

This committee reported to London Grove Month- 
ly Meeting, 10th Mo. 31st, 1792, that the subject 
was under soHd consideration, and that most of 
them had attended the last meeting at Fallowfield. 
This committee was continued for seven successive 
months, finally reporting 5th Mo. 10th, 1793, that 
they believed that the meeting at Fallowfield " has 
been of use," and that the Friends there should be 
" allowed liberty to build a house to meet in, if the 
Monthly and Quarterly Meeting can be free to ap- 
prove it." This report was weightily considered 
by the Monthly Meeting, and no objection appear- 
ing, it was agreed to lay the matter before the 
Quarterly Meeting. This larger body, acting in the 
capacity of a Court of Appeals and Approval, con- 
firmed the report of London Grove Monthly Meet- 
ing, and appointed a committee to act in conjunc- 
tion with the committee of the Monthly Meeting 
to consider the propriety of the Fallowfield Friends 
" building a house and where." 

This joint committee reported 7th Mo. 3d, 1793, 
that they had viewed several places that were pro- 
posed and had agreed on one at " the cross roads 
southwestwardly of George Welch's lands in East 
Fallowfield, if they can get a good title for the 
same and build as soon as is convenient." This 
proposed site was an acre of land now occupied by 
the grove of trees north of the present meeting 
house. Four trustees were appointed to secure the 
title and hold the property for the Meeting. These 



Fallowfield Friends^ Meeting House. 33 

men were Abraham Roman, Nathan Walton, Ben- 
jamin Walton, Jr., and Joshua Pusey, son of Ellis. 
This acre was purchased from James and Jane 
Welch, for £4. It was then described as bounded 
by the Wilmington road, " a laid out road," and the 
lands of James Welch and Matthew Welch. From 
this we may infer that James Welch lived near 
where William Holbrook's dwelling is now located, 
and that Matthew Welch owned the property now 
occupied by Jacob Pierce. 

In the spring of 1794 the Fallowfield Friends 
sought advice from the Monthly Meeting relative 
to building a house for worship. A committee of 
nine persons, i.e., Caleb Swayne, Ephraim Wilson, 
Samuel Swayne, Joel Bailey, Joseph Smith, Judith 
Bailey, Lydia Mann, Ruth Pennock, Elizabeth Pu- 
sey and Sarah England, were appointed to give 
counsel and advice. In 6th Mo. 1794, this commit- 
tee reported that advice and counsel had been 
given, that title for the land had been secured, and 
a house had been built thereon. This building was 
in the woods north of the Modena and Gum Tree 
road. 

Two years later ( 2d Mo. 3d, 1796 ) the Indulged 
Meeting at Fallowfield applied for permission to or- 
ganize a Preparative Meeting. London Grove 
Monthly Meeting appointed Caleb Swayne, Joshua 
Pusey, Joshua Bailey, Levis Pennock, Joel Bailey, 
Samuel Pennock and Joseph Smith, " to take the 
matter under solid consideration, go and sit with 
them, and feel after their request, and report their 
sense thereof to next meeting." This committee 



34 One Hundredth Anniversary of 

was unable to report until 5th Mo. 4th, 1796, when 
they said they "were easy," that the Fallowfield re- 
quest be granted. The Monthly Meeting approved 
and directed the Clerk to report the same to the 
Quarterly Meeting. It was late in the fall of 1796 
(11th Mo. 30th) when the Quarterly Meeting es- 
tablished Fallowfield Preparative Meeting, to be 
held on the Fifth day of the week preceding Lon- 
don Grove Monthly Meeting. It was not, however, 
until 1st Mo. 4th, 1797, that the Monthly Meeting 
appointed a committee to attend the first Fallow- 
field Preparative Meeting. This occurred in the 
latter part of 1st Mo. in 1797. At this meeting 
the First, Second and Ninth Queries, " were read, 
considered, and answers prepared, agreeable to the 
direction of the Yearly Meeting." 

It was about the time of the establishment of 
the Preparative Meeting, that Fallowfield Friends 
purchased another acre of land southeast of the 
first purchase. This was obtained from Matthew 
and Sarah Welch for £4. Seventeen years later, 
in 1814, a strip of land containing 107 56-100 
perches was secured from Thomas and Sarah Welch 
for $67.18. This strip bordered the south and 
southeast sides of the last purchase, enlarging the 
burying ground and the meeting house yard, mak- 
ing in all the present property of 2 acres and 
107 55-100 perches. In 1854 a new Board of Trus- 
tees was appointed, composed of Mansel Passmore, 
William Walton, George Walton, Smedley Darling- 
ton and Barclay Smith. The property was then 
described as bounded by the lands of James Ful- 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 35 

ton, Lukens Pierce, Joseph S. Walton, Joshua Lee 
and " People's Hall." Joseph S. Walton and Joseph 
Morris were witnesses to this execution. 

Fallowfield as a Preparative Meeting grew and 
flourished to a remarkable degree. The rapid 
taking up of the land brought members from va- 
rious localities. The Society of Friends at that 
time was a farming community. Their families 
were large. Their children married early. Their 
sons must carve out of the wilderness new homes. 
Fallowfield was a nearby frontier, overlooked during 
previous migrations. During the time Fallowfield 
was a Preparative Meeting the following were among 
the families received by Minute : William Walton, 
wife Hannah, children, Rebecca and Joseph, from 
New Garden, 7th Mo. 29th, 1795. They lived on 
Buck Run at property since owned by Benjamin 
McCord. Daniel Kent and wife Hester, and 
children William, Joseph and Elizabeth, from Brad- 
ford, 3d Mo. 13th, 1798. They took up a farm 
southwest of Coatesville, once owned by Isaac 
Beard. Asa Walton from Horsham, 5th Mo. 2d, 
1798. Jehu Lord, wife Rebecca, and four children, 
Sarah, Hannah, Mary and Lydia, from Woodbury, 
N. J., 2d Mo. 10th, 1801. They lived on a farm in 
Highland Township, recently owned by Isaac Wal- 
ton. Tradition says that these girls were the 
beauties of the neighborhood.* John Letchworth 
and wife Elizabeth, children Mary, Elizabeth and 
Robert, from Philadelphia, 3d Mo. 29th, 1805. They 
lived in Highland Township, John Letchworth 



* James Fulton from Sadsbury, 1804. 



36 One Hundredth Anniversary of 

taught school, surveyed land, wrote deeds, and was 
active in the ministry. Abraham Rakestraw from 
Chester, 4th Mo. 3d, 1805. Jacob Taylor and wife 
Mary, and five children, Joseph, Isaac, Jacob, Eliza- 
beth and Jesse, from Bradford, 4th Mo. 3d, 1805. 
Thomas Peart and wife Mary, and six children, 
Rebecca, John, Benjamin, Abner, Daniel and Mary 
Ann, from Sadsbury, 4th Mo. 2d, 1805. 

Among the Elders in Fallowfield Meetingthe name 
of William Mode appears as early as 1796. The 
following year he accompanied Jesse Kersey " on a 
religious visit to some of the neighboring Quar- 
terly" meetings. For many years Mary Lukens 
was a prominent minister and spiritual leader of 
this meeting. From time to time Minutes were 
granted ** Our Beloved Friend " to visit Horsham 
Monthly and Abington Quarterly Meetings. This 
was the home of her girlhood. She was a grand- 
daughter of Margaret Op de Graeff, whose brothers 
were active in issuing at Germantown the first 
anti-slavery petition to the Philadelphia Yearly 
Meeting in the latter part of the 17th century. 
Mary Lukens's twin sister Hannah, wife of Wil- 
liam Walton, was active as an elder and minister 
at Fallowfield. She was grandmother of the late 
Margaretta Walton. Esther Hawley, wife of Daniel 
Kent, cotemporaneous with Mary Lukens and Han- 
nah Walton, was prominent as member of school 
committees and active as an elder for many years. 
These three women sowed the seed in this vicinity 
of vigorous anti-slavery protests, eager educational 
interest, and deep spiritual susceptibility. 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 37 

Among the early Overseers were Abraham Ro- 
man and Benjamin and Nathan Walton. Abraham 
Roman lived on the property since occupied by the 
late Edwin Walton in Highland Township. Benja- 
min and Nathan Walton were great grandsons of 
Daniel Walton, one of the first settlers of Byberry, 
in Philadelphia County. They came during the 
post-Revolutionary migrations with their aged 
father Benjamin, and took a farm south of the 
present Mount Carmel school house, since known as 
the Enoch Taylor place and more recently owned 
by Ellis Phipps. Benjamin Jr., was grandfather of 
Emma C. Walton, at this time postmistress at Er- 
cildoun, and Nathan was grandfather of the late 
Edwin Walton, of Highland. As overseers in the 
meeting these men were, for many years, practi- 
cally the chief magistrates of the neighborhood. 

About 1804 Fallowfield Preparative Meeting had 
so grown that a proposition was made to London 
Grove Monthly Meeting soliciting the privilege of 
holding Monthly Meetings alternately between 
London Grove and Fallowfield. The consideration 
of such a proposition merited a large committee. 
Twenty-one men and women were appointed. They 
were the representative members of that day, 
viz : Ellis Pusey, Edward Brookes, Caleb Swayne, 
Francis Wilkinson, Mary Swayne, Abigail Pusey 
and Hannah Pusey, most probably represented Lon- 
don Grove Preparative Meeting, while Joseph 
Smith, Ephraim Wilson, Daniel Kent, Jonathan 
Hampton, William Mode, Jehu Lord, Daniel Lu- 
kens, James Smith, Isaac Bromall, Esther Kent, 



38 One HundrcdtJi Anniversary of 

Mary Lukens and Ann Walton, most likely belonged 
at Fallowfield. Two months later this committee 
reported that after solid consideration, " they felt 
straightened to grant the Fallowfield request in 
full, but are generally free to propose it being held 
at Fallowfield four times in the year." Signed 6th 
Mo., 1804. The time agreed upon was that London 
Grove Monthly Meeting be held at Fallowfield in 
the 9th, 12th, 3d and 6th months consecutively. 
Consequently the first session of London Grove 
Monthly Meeting held at Fallowfield, occurred 9th 
Mo. 5th, 1804. 

A number of friends living in Londonderry, 
Penn and West Fallov/field Townships, members of 
London Grove and New Garden Monthly Meetings, 
found the inconveniences of traveling to meeting, 
either at New Garden, London Grove or Fallow- 
field, so great that they petitioned for an Indulged 
Meeting in Friends' school house in Londonderry 
Township. This petition was issued 5th Mo. 8th, 
1805. The school house was described as located 
between Jonathan Hampton's and Thomas Peart's. 
A month later a committee was appointed, consist- 
ing of fourteen persons. By 8th Mo. 7th, 1805, 
this Committee was satisfied to grant the request. 
The Indulged Meeting to begin the next First-day 
after Quarterly Meeting. The names of William 
Mode and Jeremiah Bernard were added to the 
Committee. They were instructed " to sit with" 
the Doe Run Friends, " and report when they think 
necessary." By 12th Mo. 4th, 1805, it was the 
opinion of this Committee that the Londonderry 



Fallotvjield Friends' Meeting House. 39 

Friends "were able to stand alone." The Com- 
mittee asked to be released. The Monthly Meet- 
ing granted this request and tacitly expressed its 
disapprobation of the standing alone feature in the 
above report by appointing a new Committee, com- 
posed of John Mann, Caleb Swayne, Abraham Ro- 
man, Jeremiah Barnard, Joseph Smith, Caleb Pu- 
sey, Nathan Walton, John Letchworth, Eleanor 
Smith, Elizabeth Barnard, Mary Wilkinson, Phoebe 
Mode, Elizabeth Wilson, Hannah Swayne and Lydia 
Mann, and one month later Mary Swayne, Eliza- 
beth Pennock, Ann Swayne, Hannah Edwards, Han- 
nah Pennock and Esther Kent, were added. The 
next month, 2d Mo. 4th, 1807, this Committee re- 
ported a conference with New Garden Monthly 
Meeting, but were unable to report upon the estab- 
lishment of Doe Run Meeting. The case was 
finally brought to the Quarterly Meeting 8th Mo. 
3d, 1808, where it was agreed that an Indulged 
Meeting be established at Doe Run, " they to be- 
come members of Fallowfield Preparative Meeting 
and London Grove Monthly Meeting." Two months 
later London Grove Monthly Meeting received cer- 
tificates from New Garden Monthly Meeting, trans- 
ferring the membership of the following Friends : 
John Broomall, Joshua and Mary Jackson, with 
their children, Edith, Mary, Caleb, James and Wil- 
liam. Eleanor Butler, Rebecca Walton, Abner 
Walton, Elijah Walton, Hezekiah Linton, Esther 
Linton, Joshua B. Linton, Hezekiah Linton, Jr., Sa- 
rah Linton, William Linton, Jane Linton, Benjamin 



40 One Htmdredth Anniversary of 

Linton, Esther Linton, Samuel Linton, Ann Linton, 
Mary Brosius and Joel Hutton. 

A year later, 2d Mo. 8th, 1809, Fallowfield Pre- 
parative Meeting felt the necessity of having one 
or more Overseers within the *' verge of Doe Run 
Indulged Meeting." Through a committee, Jona- 
than Hampton and Jeremiah Barnard, Jr., were ap- 
pointed. This was the time that the Monthly Meet- 
ing was appealed to for advice about a meeting 
house at Doe Run. It was proposed to build a 
brick house 25 feet by 30 feet, costing $500.00. 
Subscriptions had already been raised, amounting 
to $350.00. Jonathan Lamborn, George Barnard, 
Nathan Swayne, William Mode, Jr., and Jehu Lord, 
were appointed by the Monthly Meeting to take 
subscriptions for the remainder. By 4th Mo. 5th, 

1809, they reported having raised $148.50, which, 
added to the amount contributed by the Doe Run 
Friends, amounted to $501.50. So rapidly did 
these two meetings grow that by the next year 
Fallowfield Preparative Meeting expressed the be- 
lief that it would be an advantage to divide the 
Monthly Meeting. A month later, 4th Mo. 4th, 

1810, a Committee of twenty-five was appointed to 
consider the matter. The following month this 
Committee was unable to report. Then it was that 
the Friends of Doe Run requested the privilege 
of being organized into a Preparative Meeting. 
Another Committee of thirteen was assigned to 
this request. The following month, 6th Mo. 6th, 
the first Committee reported, but consideration of 
the report was postponed to another month. Then 



Fallow field Friends' Meeting House. 41 

each Committee asked for another month's consid- 
eration. By 8th Mo. 8th, 1810, the Committee on 
division of the Monthly Meeting reported that they 
were " much united in beheving that an advantage 
would arise from a division taking place in the 
Monthly Meeting, in such a way as for the Friends 
of Fallowfield and Doe Run Meetings to constitute 
a Monthly Meeting to be held at Fallowfield on the 
second Second-day in each month." The Prepara- 
tive Meeting to be held on the Fifth-day preceding. 
The change to take place in 12th Mo. next. After 
it was recommended that Fallowfield Monthly 
Meeting pay $18.00 in each hundred for relief of 
the poor, the report was signed 5th Mo. 10th, 1810, 
by eighteen members, namely, Benjamin Walton, 
Joseph Smith, John Letchworth, Jehu Lord, Wil- 
liam Mode, David Pusey, Samuel Swayne, Thomas 
Chalfant, Caleb Swayne, Mary Thorn, Rachel Wil- 
son, Sarah Hayes, Mary Lukens, Elizabeth Letch- 
worth, Lydia Mann, Elizabeth Pennock and Mary 
Swayne. By 10th Mo. 3d, 1810, the other Commit- 
tee, appointed to consider Doe Run as a Prepara- 
tive Meeting, was ready to approve the suggestion. 
At the Quarterly Meeting held 3d Mo. 6th, 1811, 
the division of London Grove Monthly Meeting 
was approved, and the establishment of Doe Run 
Preparative Meeting confirmed. A committee com- 
posed of William Mode, John Letchworth, Jehu 
Lord, Isaac Pennock ( of Rokeby ), Nathan Walton, 
Lydia Wood, Mary Lukens, Rebecca Clark, Ann 
Walton, Elizabeth Letchworth and Esther Kent, 
was appointed to attend the first session of Fal- 



42 One Hundredtli Anniversary of 

lowfield Monthly Meeting, to be held at Fallowfield 
4th Mo. 8th, 1811. The representatives to this 
Monthly Meeting were Nathan Walton (grand- 
father of the late Edwin Walton), Joseph Hunt, 
Levi Coates and Thomas Hayes. At this Monthly 
Meeting held at Fallowfield, whose centennial an- 
niversary we recognize to-day, the minutes record 
that " Our beloved Friend, Susanna Home, from 
England, attended this meeting, producing a cer- 
tificate from Tottenham Monthly Meeting, 3d Mo. 
8th, 1810, and endorsed by the Quarterly Meeting 
held in London, 8th Mo. 27th, 1810, whose com- 
pany and gospel labors among us has been accepta- 
ble." 

During these early years an active interest was 
maintained in keeping alive the vital issues of the 
Society. The first seems to have been the episto- 
lary literature of London Yearly Meeting. In 
1793 Thomas Wood and Robert Clendenon were to 
share the reading the Epistle, in the phraseology 
of the Minute, " the whole to be divided." Jona- 
than Burton read the next Epistle in 1794, and the 
following year Joseph Smith and Abram Roman 
shared this service at the close of a First-day meet- 
ing. For a number of years these Epistles were 
read by Esther Kent and Hannah Walton, until 
either the exercise ceased, or the record of the 
same stopped. 

An active interest in education started with the 
inception of the meeting. In 1796 George Welch 
and Hannah Walton represented Fallowfield on a 
school committee of fifteen members. Two years 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 43 

later they report that the schools were not so good 
as formerly. In consequence a new and larger 
committee was appointed. Various schools scat- 
tered over the territory covered by the London 
Grove and Fallowfield districts, grew and improved 
in efficiency, while the concern for the establish- 
ment of a central Boarding School at Westtown 
was under exercise. Numerous contributions for 
this institution were collected at Fallowfield, Han- 
nah Wilkinson being the first person appointed to 
take subscriptions. By 1805 the school committee 
reports that the four day schools then in charge 
" were generally large." 

The concern against the use and sale of " spiritu- 
ous liquors " first found expression at Fallowfield 
in 1797, when Phoebe Mode and Hannah Walton 
composed a committee to unite with men Friends 
to investigate existing conditions. The next year 
they reported " no distiller among us, but one re- 
tailer, who does not seem disposed to quit the prac- 
tice." In 1803 the committee reports, " None in 
practice of distilling or retailing, though some have 
taken fruit to the stills ; and some have made use 
of it in the late harvest." By 1805 another re- 
tailer appears in the Monthly Meeting, and later 
reports show delinquencies because Friends who 
insist upon taking fruit to the stills and using 
liquor in harvest. The Monthly Meeting, how- 
ever, led by the women, insist upon a series of 
thorough-going investigations and caustic reports. 
These same women were also deeply concerned 
about the use of fans in meeting and indigo for 



44 One Hundredth Anfiiversary of 

laundry purposes, and the taking of profiles, since 
the latter " borders on too much imagery." 

During those same years these wide-awake 
people, wide-awake for the age in which they lived, 
were intensely interested in the race problem as it 
then appeared at their own doors. In 1796, "on 
reading the Seventh Query, the situation of the 
black people coming under consideration, Isaac 
Cook, Emmor Bailey, Thomas Chalfant, William 
Walton and Eli Harlan, are appointed to inspect 
into the circumstances of those who are among us 
and report before the 8th Month Quarter." Con- 
sequently on 8th Mo. 3d, this committee reported 
that " Eleven minors are among Friends and some 
care is taken in their school learning and religious 
education." One would infer from the Minutes 
that the numerous concerns on the part of the 
home and foreign ministry to visit the families of 
Fallowfield Monthly Meeting in " gospel love," 
carried with them special concern for the religious 
and educational welfare of the colored people 
among Friends. 

The anti-slavery activity at Fallowfield arose in 
a public way many years later, especially after 
James Fulton, Jr., had been active in the establish- 
ment and maintenance of the Fallowfield Library 
Association. Among the early purchases by this 
Library are five volumes of Lydia Maria Childs' 
" Condition of Women," costing $3.75 ; one volume 
of Whittier's poems, 75 cents ; one copy of Xeno- 
phon's works, $2.00 ; one copy of Carlisle's " Sar- 
tor Resartus," 87 cents ; two volumes of Bancroft's 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 45 

History of the United States, $4.00 ; Combe's Phre- 
nology, at $2.80, seems to have been widely read. 
Books of travel from Europe to Paraguay, works 
on philosophy and morals, accounts of the strug- 
gles in Poland for liberty, biographies of eminent 
painters, works of Walter Scott, and expensive 
copies of the latest authorities in agriculture, con- 
stitute the character of books, costing from $50 to 
$100, purchased each year. James Fulton, Jr., who 
found the name of Ercildoun and established the 
Post Office as more convenient than McWilliams- 
town, was the Treasurer and Librarian of this As- 
sociation, and seems to have been the leading 
spirit in selecting the books. In the early years 
of this Association David Young was President, 
Thomas W. Shields, Alexander Mode, Richard Dar- 
lington, Isaac Hayes and Joseph S. Walton, were 
Directors. During the first sessions of the Asso- 
ciation, from 1838 to 1840, Gideon Pierce appears 
to have become Librarian. About this time the 
Association enlarged its field of activity by the or- 
ganization of a Lyceum, whose members wrote 
lengthy papers, which were read before the Asso- 
ciation, and when found satisfactory, ordered to be 
filed among the possessions of the Library. 

Such were a few of the activities of the people 
that settled in and around Fallowfield and Ercil- 
doun, establishing an educational centre for schools 
and the consideration of public questions, an ac- 
tive interest in the manufacture of grain drills 
and an up-to-date type of mowing machine which 
created a sensation in the vicinity. This was the 



46 One Hundredth Anniversary of 

group of people that made Ercildoun a center of 
anti-slavery activity and a station on the Under- 
ground Railway. 



QUAKERS AND PURITANS. 



Isaac Sharpless. 



/V BOUT the year 1700 two antagonistic concep- 
"^^- tions of Christian life and duty were in 
conflict in the northern colonies of America. One 
which we may call the Calvinistic conception, 
rigidly dem.anded literal orthodoxy as applied to 
all the relations of life. Its test was the Bible, 
both the Old Testament and the New. Its deduc- 
tions from this authority were enforced by invinci- 
ble logic, and any variations from the acceptance 
of the conclusions were sufficient to place the 
doubter out of the pale of the Christian fold. If 
it did not make the State and the Church a united 
body, it did demand that the State should enforce 
the decrees of the Church and that orthodoxy 
should be a test of capacity for public service. A 
Godly Commonwealth with the Bible interpreted 
by skilled theologians, as its basis, was the aim of 
its several policies. 




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Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 47 

The other conception for convenience we will 
call the Quaker conception. It, too, acknowledged 
the authority of the Bible, but the New Testament 
rather than the Old was back of this recognition. 
Its tendency to literalness was tempered by another 
doctrine that nothing outward was absolutely es- 
sential to the reception of divine truth, but that 
God and man were in direct relation and commu- 
nion with each other, and the Divine will could be 
and was received by those who v/ere in a responsive 
attitude, without the medium of priest or book. 
This took away some of the hardness from their 
theology and created tolerance and kindliness in 
their relation to other bodies. The conscience of 
every man was supreme for him. No power had a 
right to demand its abrogation. It might be, and 
probably in most cases would be, more or less erro- 
neous as measured by the standard of abstract 
truth, but it would tend to rectify itself in so far 
as it was pure and alert. It could not therefore 
allow itself to crush the conscience of another by 
any decrees of State. Its Godly Commonwealth 
must be gained, not by legal enforcement, but by 
spiritual convincement, and where it had control 
there were no favored churches. 

Nor was it certain in 1700 which of these two 
tendencies was likely to prevail. By this time 
something of the rigidity of New England ortho- 
doxy had abated and the Friends were spreading 
at a rapid rate in Rhode Island, Long Island, for 
fifty miles in every direction from Philadelphia, 
and to some extent in the South. They were still 



48 One Hundredth Anniversary of 

possessed of some of the enthusiasm which the 
first generation had brought over from England 
from the days of their suffering and devoted zeal. 
George Fox had impressed upon them the idea in 
his earlier ministry that they were not founding a 
sect, but preaching a spirit which would gather 
into its fold in time all the Christian bodies ; and 
something of this Catholic outlook was still ex- 
istent. 

If we compare the bodies which are the lineal 
descendants of the Calvinistic conception with 
those which trace their lineage back to a Quaker 
ancestry, it would seem at the present time as if 
the Calvinists held the field, and the Quakers were 
an insignificant and relatively impotent body. If 
we compare, however, the spread of the ideas 
for which Calvinism stood with those held by their 
opponents, it is the Quaker conception which rules 
the thinking Christian world, and Calvinism has 
capitulated, thrown aside by its own organizations. 
The literalness and the rigidity of Puritan theology 
have gone and no churches would more surely deny 
them than those who have kept the denominational 
name and machinery of the early Puritan sects. 

The Quaker ideal has permeated Church and 
State. Its fundamental theology of direct Divine 
communion is almost universally accepted and its 
position in regard to Church freedom in the State 
finds no opposition. We have the curious specta- 
cle of the principles of a sect once relatively 
strong finding their way into almost complete ac- 
ceptance while the body itself has continually 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 49 

dwindled in size and direct influence. On the 
other hand we find the followers of the other ten- 
dency, originally of equal or perhaps greater vi- 
tality who have grown more and more in numbers 
and force, while at the same time they have ac- 
cepted in frank acknowledgment the principles 
which they once opposed. The Puritan bodies 
have deserted their principles and flourished. The 
Friends, who have always held the triumphant 
principles, have barely held their own in numbers, 
and have lost some of their characteristic basis. 

I have not time to analyze this interesting situa- 
tion. It is worth a volume. I can only state what 
seems to me to be one reason for its existence. The 
Puritan body founded Harvard in 1636, and Yale 
in 1701. It founded them primarily to provide a 
highly educated ministry. Students were not con- 
fined to this class, but had it not been for this 
want, these colleges would never have been called 
into being at the time they were. The Friends did 
not feel such a need. Their doctrine of the suf- 
ficiency of Divine guidance in ministry made them 
less careful to create a theological center. There 
was therefore no Quaker college in the colonies, 
and Friends grew up, not by any means ignorant, 
for they were up to a certain stage well and uni- 
versally educated, but without the great leader- 
ship of the congregational bodies. One condition 
of progress is far-seeing leadership. A body whose 
education is mediocre may be very worthy, but is 
not very progressive, and the Friends, with all their 
inclination towards justice and righteousness, were 



50 One Hundredth Ajiniversary of 

hardly as open to adapt themselves to changed con- 
ditions as the bodies which in every locality had at 
least one trained leader who kept in touch with the 
advancing thought and to some extent carried his 
congregation with him. And so it came about that 
Friends became in time more or less imitators of 
the past, rather than developers of new truth, 
while the Puritan bodies were frank enough and 
wise enough to abandon untenable conditions and 
adapt themselves to changing thought. The effect 
of two such opposing tendencies could not long re- 
main in doubt. A defensive organization would 
gradually waste itself away however effective as a 
defense it might be, while another which led out 
into the wide fields of growing thought and knowl- 
edge, if it had always a profound desire and re- 
gard for the truth, would find itself, through many 
tribulations, entering into a larger inheritance. 

From this characterization of Quakerism we 
must except their attitude towards questions of 
moral reform. Here they have always been lead- 
ers. Why, it is difficult for me to tell, and I can 
think of no better reason than the one which they 
themselves would probably have given, that when 
they got together in their silent meetings, or still 
more silent, secret chambers, with a desire to know 
God's will, they really got what they asked for. 
They were certainly not more intelligent than 
other bodies, nor were they more responsive to ex- 
ternal influences, nor were they in a general way 
more anxious for the right thing, and except for 
this devotion to their consciences and their belief 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 51 

in its enlightenment by the Divine Voice, their pri- 
ority in many moral movements would be difficult 
to explain. But certain it is that they have reached 
positions which the best tendency of the future 
have frequently justified. Why did they, one hun- 
dred years before lotteries were a recognized evil, 
alone among the churches refuse to have anything 
to do with them and kept all of their enterprises 
clear of them ? Why did they in the days of the 
early development of the anti-slavery movement, 
again take positions about one hundred years ahead 
of the Christian civilization around them ? Why 
have they consistently preached the views into 
which the Nation is just entering with regard to 
the unrighteousness and inexpediency of v/ar? 
Why were they pioneers in the establishment of 
hospitals and insane asylums on modern principles ? 
Is there any other explanation of these things pos- 
sible than the one which we have intimated ? 

On the other hand, that which the Friends every- 
where down to the last half century held as their 
most priceless possession, the meeting for worship, 
free, without human head or leader, without pre- 
arrangement of services, without any compulsion 
upon any one to speak unless the Divine impulse 
was felt, with the recognition that to hear the Di- 
vine Voice there must be the attentive and re- 
sponsive soul in silence before it, without distinc- 
tion of worldly condition, as to learning, or station, 
or sex, or age, this meeting seems not to have met 
the recognition among Christians that the attitude 
of Friends to moral problems has commanded. It 



52 One Hundredtli Anniversary of 

is indeed spoken of as a beautiful opportunity for 
a few mystical souls, but for the busy American 
multitude the pragmatic test is applied. And there 
it seems to fail. In Great Britain it holds its own 
among Friends and in certain sections of this 
country. There are some of us who believe that 
it will come to its own again, that prophetic minis- 
try is not an impossible ideal, that individual wor- 
ship in silence in the congregation is still an 
achievement not only beautiful but very practical, 
that the revelation of God will come down in 
double portion upon such a waiting company, that 
such a simple form is almost the necessary logical 
consequence of what is most vital and potential in 
the principles of Quakerism. 

But here again, while the churches in general 
have not adopted our theory, they have allowed it 
to modify their own, and could we but be intelli- 
gently faithful to it, we could probably work it out 
on the side of church prosperity. But as a dis- 
tinguished Bishop has recently said, " Just as we 
were about to adopt the Quaker theory, at least in 
part, some of you flopped over to the other side." 
It is true that this " flop " came as a reaction from 
an untenable and unprofitable traditionalism, but 
it carried with it something that was precious, and 
it seems to me essential to the raison d'etre of 
our Society as a distinctive body, and some of us 
will have to trace our steps backward into logical 
unity with our fundamental historic position. 

Historically speaking, a great change came 
over the Society of Friends as a result of the 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 53 

Revolutionary War, and this change has cre- 
ated the Quakerism which many of us have 
known in our earher years, but which in some 
places seems to be passing away. The change had 
a double effect. It on the one side increased the 
tendency towards that devotion to the past which 
in certain ways produced stagnation and incapacity 
for adaptation. On the other, it drew the forces 
of Quakerism together and made them more loyal 
and more devoted to the special principles which 
were recognized as fundamental. The history of 
Friends up to the end of the eighteenth century 
was very largely identical in the different colonies. 
The same forces, the literature, the itinerant min- 
istry, the reverence for the first generation pro- 
ducing similar results. 

It is probably not correct to say that the Friends 
were Tories in the Revolution, if by Toryism one 
means sympathy with the British crown and its 
exactions. Some of the more influential mer- 
chants of Philadelphia, undoubtedly were, as were 
their counterparts in New York and Boston, but 
there is very little evidence that the body of 
Friends sympathized with the British. Their of- 
ficial attitude was one of neutrality, because they 
believed that war and revolution were not justifia- 
ble under the circumstances. In Philadelphia 
Yearly Meeting something like four hundred of 
them were disowned by the Monthly Meetings for 
actively joining the American cause. So far as I 
know, there are no records of more than a half 
dozen who were similarly treated for participation 



54 One Hundredth Anniversary of 

with the British, and I suppose that these four 
hundred men who joined the Continental Army or 
who took part in the State government, represented 
a considerable population who were prevented by 
their peaceful scruples from joining the move- 
ment. 

The Yearly Meeting as a whole adopted a policy 
of non-participation in government as a result of 
the war, and the quiet, unaggressive spirit which 
had been developing in the Society some years 
prior to the Revolution, was brought to a head by 
the stress and strain of war times. The Friends 
seem keenly to have felt the change which re- 
sulted in their position before the public. Hitherto 
they had been the rulers of the State and had im- 
pressed themselves upon its institutions. Now they 
were over large districts unpopular and proscribed 
and often penalized by fines and imprisonment. It 
seemed to them that this might partly be due to 
their unfaithfulness. In the midst of the struggle 
their Yearly Meeting urged what they called " a 
reformation." That reformation was worked out 
through all the subordinate sections with great 
fidelity, and the products of it had a permanent ef- 
fect upon the succeeding generations down to the 
present time. It comprised several features : 

( 1 ) In the first place, the long drawn out strug- 
gle against slavery must be brought to a conclu- 
sion. First testifying against the slave trade, and 
then against the iniquities of slavery itself, finally 
against slavery as an institution under any and all 
circumstances, they gradually brought their mem- 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 55 

bership up to the point of general manumission. 
A few members, however, held back, and now it 
was decided that the skirts of the Society must be 
absolutely clear. While the armies were marching 
through the country, committees were going around 
among the few remaining slave holders urging 
them not merely to release their slaves, but to pay 
them the debts which they owed for unrequited 
services, and if the efforts of this committee were 
unsuccessful, the disloyal Friends were to be re- 
moved from membership, so that during the time 
of the war the last Quaker slave holder disappeared 
from the North. 

( 2 ) In the second place the same service was 
performed toward the matter of tavern keeping. 
Taverns in Colonial times had been part of the 
necessary machinery of travel, and both solid and 
liquid refreshment were assumed to be part of the 
entertainment, but the drinking habits of Friends 
had become a matter of concern, as well as their 
slave holding habits, and while total abstinence as 
a principle was not much taught, the sale of liquor 
was so evidently fraught with evil consequences 
that it was generally felt that Friends could not 
engage in it, and after visiting committees had 
worked on the subject, the matter was brought to 
a termination during the war. While one Commit- 
tee reported the last of the slave holders, another 
was reporting that the last of the tavern keepers 
had agreed to give up the business. 

( 3 ) These were matters of moral import, but 
other questions were also impressed in this "re- 



56 One Hundredth Anniversary of 

formation." One was the matter of schools. There 
had been many small Friends' schools during Co- 
lonial times, so that most Friends had been taught 
the elements of education, but this was not at all 
general, and besides the schools were, to a large 
extent, mixed, and were not accomplishing the 
purpose of shielding the youth, from supposed de- 
moralizing influences. Still another Committee 
therefore, acting upon the advice of the Yearly 
Meeting, was going about among these meetings 
during the war, urging the establishment of schools 
under the care of school teachers with Friendly 
sympathies and influences, so that every child 
could be reached by these educational advantages. 
This also was successful, and set the pace for the 
future in the matter of education. It meant that 
all Friends' children should receive elementary 
education and this result was brought about. It 
meant, also, that this elementary education should 
be, as far as possible, denominational and separate 
from outside influence, and it also meant no pro- 
vision for higher education, so that except in pri- 
vate ways there was probably less opportunity for 
college training in the Society of Friends for a 
number of years after the Revolutionary War, than 
there had been previously when many Friends 
were taking the matter in their own hands. 

( 4 ) This reformation also meant the closing up 
of the ranks in support of the peculiar testimonies of 
Friends and made them more and more separate 
from the world. They felt that it was a lack of 
this fidelity to the teachings and methods of the 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 57 

past that had brought them into trouble in defend- 
ing themselves from external encroachments ; that 
they must be absolutely faithful to their religious 
duties, their attendance at meetings and their care 
of each other ; and that they must separate them- 
selves, as far as possible, from all other denomina- 
tional influences. Their reading was to be nar- 
rowed very largely to Friends' books and their at- 
tendance at other places of worship was to be pro- 
hibited. They were to bring up their children in 
strict observance of the simplicity which was laid 
upon previous generations, and a committee to 
carry out this part of the concern visited families, 
first to their own houses to see that no superfluous 
furniture or decorations existed, and then the same 
general concern Vv^as extended to the membership 
in general. Here again the committee labored 
through the war times when the sympathies of the 
membership were cemented by common suffering, 
and when the faithfulness of many Friends had 
produced an enthusiasm for the cause which pre- 
viously had been somewhat lacking. The rather 
exclusive type of Quakers with which many of us 
have been familiar in our early days resulted, it 
seems to me, from tendencies which had their 
strongest impulse at the time of the Revolutionary 
War. 

And so there settled down in the Society of 
Friends, as a result of this great national cata- 
clysm, a zeal for moral reforms and a rigid stand- 
ard of personal morality, in every way admirable, 
a devotion to historic Quakerism, of unreasoning 



58 Ojte Hundredth Anniversary of 

fidelity, in many respects pure and beautiful, but 
not in accord with the progressive spirit of Ameri- 
can life— and which untempered by a broad intel- 
lectual outlook, resulted in the divisions and diver- 
sions of the past century. 

It remains for us, in this era of Colleges and 
wider views, to gather together the essential 
features of Quakerism where our Colonial fathers 
left them, throwing aside unchristian attitudes on 
the one hand, and the opportunist spirit, the de- 
sire for quick returns which leads into all manner 
of anachronisms, on the other, and gathering our- 
selves into the spirit of early Quakerism, give to 
the world an effective though perchance weak 
demonstration of a simple direct progressive re- 
ligion. A demonstration which America needs 
and which she will accept. Why should not the 
triumph of Quaker ideas be followed even yet by 
the triumph of the organization which stands for 
them? 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 59 



CLOSING REMARKS. 



Emma Lippincott Higgins. 



TT seems fitting that the closing remarks to an 
^ all-day program should be brief, and I shall try 
to bear this in mind as I proceed. 

It usually occurs, I think, that the most im- 
portant, the most pertinent, and at the same time 
the most vital and most beautiful things relating 
to such a time, place and occasion as this, have 
already been said when the last speaker is called. 
This seems especially true to-day, and hence there 
is not much that I need to say. 

We have heard warm words of welcome, history, 
reminiscence, poetry, all in most beautiful, eloquent 
and forceful language ; and I am sure that every 
heart here has thrilled to the story thus so ably 
told by the previous speakers. 

It is the story of human effort and human prog- 
ress, with its mountain-top experiences of exalta- 
tion and triumph and joy ; with its moments in the 
valley of humiliation, sorrow, and defeat, whence 
these noble spirits ever arose with renewed strength 
and vigor, stronger purpose and brighter illumina- 
tion of spirit than before. 

We are proud of our heritage as Friends, and 
justly so ; they have ever stood for peace, for 



6o One Hwidredtli Anniversary of 

truth and justice, and for righteousness ; they 
have ever held that mere earthly life is naught 
when deprived of the strength and power and free- 
dom of the spirit ; they have ever cast aside creeds 
and dogmas and doctrines as the husks of religion, 
cleaving fast to that which is vital in religious 
thought ; they have held to the true religion, that 
of the spirit, the fruits of which — love, joy and 
peace— are scattered along the pathway of every 
day ; they have practiced the religion which bids 
us "visit the widows and the fatherless in their 
affliction," and to keep ourselves unspotted from 
worldly lusts and greed. 

We have heard to-day of the early Quakers who, 
more than two centuries ago, came to this land 
with their high ideals and determination of pur- 
pose ; of those Friends who, a century ago, founded 
this meeting, and built this meeting house ; and of 
those yet nearer and dearer, the parents and grand- 
parents of many who are here assembled. 

As we have listened, in our thoughts we have 
risen to the heights of purity and truth, of strength 
and nobility to which they attained ; and we rev- 
erently concede that much of the comparatively 
small value, perhaps, which might be attached to 
our own individual lives is due to the example and 
to the strength of purpose manifested in the lives 
of these ancestors of ours. 

They have left us a priceless heritage — that of 
their honor and their loyalty to the truth as they 
saw it. It is for us to carry on the work of puri- 
fication and regeneration ; for us to fulfill the un- 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 6i 

finished purpose of their Hves ; for us to shoulder 
the banner of Truth and be loyal to the Society of 
Friends and to the principles and truths for which 
it stands ; it is for every member to embrace every 
opportunity to proclaim to a yet sleeping world the 
words which shall bring to them an awakened 
spiritual understanding ; it is for every member of 
the Society of Friends to stand firm for those 
things which are vital in life — the " eternal veri- 
ties " for those principles which, while decreasing 
our numbers by thinning our ranks, have yet in- 
creased our strength and made us the factor in the 
world's history v/hich we have been, and must 
continue to he. 

It has been said here to-day that it is doubtful if 
we may ever achieve again such victories as our 
sires achieved ; that there is no such burning ques- 
tion as slavery to stir men's hearts and demand da- 
ring action, as in times gone by. But it has also 
been said that great tasks lie before us — that strong 
and vigorous and telling action is needed among us ; 
that it is not so much what has been done as what 
yet remains to be done ; not so much what our an- 
cestors accomplished as what we ai^e doing to- 
day. It was well said that we must sow where we 
do not expect to reap, and build where we may not 
hope to enter in. 

And I say to you — let no heart think that he may 
rest while the curse of intemperance sweeps our 
land ; while the stain of social impurity and immo- 
rality blackens the record of our youth ; while the 
blot of graft and greed and selfishness mars the es- 



62 One Hwidrcdth Anniversary of 

cutcheon of the human race : let no hand feel that 
it may be idle while want and woe and suffering 
encompass our land. 

Some poet has written words stating what the 
Christian life stands for, and they seem as if they 
might have been written specially for the Society 
of Friends, so closely do they apply, and so largely 
embody our idea. 

"We stand 
For the Christ of Galilee, 
For the Truth that makes men free ; 
For the bond of unity 
Which makes God's children one. 

For the Truth against Tradition ; 
For the Faith 'gainst superstition ; 
For the Hope whose glad fruition 
Our waiting eyes shall see. 

For the Love that shines in deeds ; 
For the Light that this world needs ; 
For the Church whose triumph speeds 
The prayer : ' Thy will be done.' " 

We know that to carry out the will of God, to 
have it " done on earth as it is in heaven," means 
for every one of us to enter into conscious, har- 
monious relation with the Father, to blend our 
human wills with His divine will, that we may 
know His plan, and fulfill our mission upon earth. 

We recognize that there can be no success, no 
real success unless we are " In Tune with the In- 
finite "; and we would infer from the success of 
this meeting to-day that those who have been in 
charge, those who have planned and worked for 
this occasion must have been guided by "The 
Oversoul." 



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Fallowfield Frieftds' Meeting House. 63 

The previous speakers have left to me the de- 
lightful privilege of expressing the appreciation 
which I know each one here feels. We are deeply- 
grateful for the experience of the day. " No one 
can come to such a gathering " — as Henry Wilbur 
said at Swarthmore Summer School, — "and go 
away exactly as he came ; " he must receive fresh 
inspiration, must be moved by higher and holier as- 
pirations ; must feel a stronger courage, and expe- 
rience a keener realization of the duty that lies be- 
fore us. 

The Friends who gather here so faithfully from 
week to week, are few in numbers, but they give 
every evidence of keeping pace with Time and in 
touch with Progress, guided by the Everlasting 
Light. They realize, while cleaving fast to the 
Friendly faith and basic principles, that 

" New occasions teach new duties ; 
Time makes ancient good uncouth ; 
They must upward still and onward, 
Who would keep abreast of Truth." 

And now, 0, God, our Father Spirit, at the close 
of this memorable day, we come to thee to express 
the gratitude of our hearts ; to Thee, who hast en- 
dowed us with a measure of thine own spirit, who 
hast granted unto us the privilege of entering into 
the Holy of Holies to commune with Thee, where- 
by we may receive wisdom to plan our lives aright, 
and power to execute, even unto the fullness of the 
perfect life. 

We are grateful to Thee for the privilege of this 
day, for the manifestations of thy Presence here 
among us ; and for all thy rich blessings. 



64 One Hundredth Anniversary of 

We may not ask of Thee, for the future, that 
Thou wilt be especially near unto us, for we do 
know that Thou art ever near, — "Nearer than 
hands and feet, and closer than breathing," for in 
Thee " we live and move and have our being ; " 
nor can we ask for Thy especial blessing to rest 
upon us for we know that thou art no respecter of 
persons, and that Thy laws are unchangeable ; we 
know that Thy richest and choicest blessings are 
ever ours,— ours to receive if we be but willing. 

But we do ask and earnestly desire that we may 
have our spiritual eyes so opened that we may re- 
ceive the clearer vision of our blessings ; that our 
spiritual ears may be so quickened that we may the 
better hear Thy voice ; and that our spiritual minds 
may be strengthened so that we may know more 
perfectly of thy great wisdom and love. 

We would have granted us, dear Father, stronger 
convictions, greater courage, and a more complete 
and abiding faith in thee and thy goodness to us, 
thy children. 

We would pray to know Thee better, to feel the 
perfect assurance of the little child, that when we 
reach for Thy hand, we shall feel the firm and 
tender clasp ; that when we listen, we shall hear 
Thy gentle voice ; that when we look into Thy 
face, we shall see the loving smile of encourage- 
ment and approval. 

We do pray that we may so live in the spirit as 
to be worthy of Thy love ; that we, being joint 
heirs with Christ, may follow in His footsteps, 
preaching the gospel, healing the sick, and com- 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 65 

forting the sorrowing, — thus glorifying Thee, our 
Father, and Thy Son, our Elder Brother, Jesus 
Christ, the man of Galilee. Amen, 



66 



One Hundredth Amuversary of 



A PARTIAL LIST OF THOSE PRESENT. 



Mrs. I. Haines Dickinson, 
Mrs. R. A. L. Dickinson, 
Miss J. P. Dickinson, 
Mrs. Rachel P. Brown, 
Mr. James D. Gilbert, 
R. L. Walton, 
Agnes M. Walton, 
Samuel Boyer, 
Anna Temple Boyer, 
Emma Lippincott Higgins, 
Virginia Lippincott Higgins, 
William L. Jackson, 
Jessie W. Jackson, 
Lorena P. Chandler, 
Bertha M. Chandler, 
Marion L. Skelton, 
Elizabeth P. Humphreys, 
Lydia S. Commons, 
James W. Draper, 
Howard C. Maule, 
Phebe W. Maule, 
Lydia B. Maule, 
Mrs. T. J. Edge, 
Augustus Brosius, 
Mary Brosius, 
Ebenezer Maule, 
Anna E. Maule, 
Emma B. Maule, 
Ruth C. Wanner, 
S. Walter To wnsend, 
Lillian M. B. Townsend, 
Lucretia B. Faddis, 
Carrie B. Faddis, 
Ellen P. Palmer, 
Edward A. Pennock, 
Sarah A. Pennock, 



Quarryville, Pa. 



. Coatesville, Pa, 
II 

Buck Run, Chester Co., Pa. 
II (I 

West Chester, Pa. 
<( 

Christiana, Pa. 

It 

Coatesville, Pa. 

II 

Chatham, R. F. D., Pa. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Chatham, R. F. D., Pa. 

Ercildoun, Pa. 

Lenover, Pa. 



Harrisburg, Pa. 

Avondale, Pa. 
II 

Cochranville, Pa. 



Reading, Pa. 

Cochranville, Pa. 
1 1 

Ercildoun, Pa. 
II 

West Chester, Pa. 
Chatham, Pa. 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 



67 



Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Bicking, 

Mrs. Ogden and daughter, 

Mrs. A. Wilson, 

Emma Speakman Webster, 

Cloud N. Speakman, 

Ida J. Speakman, 

John Speakman, 

Wm. H. H. Peirce, 

Samuel S. Young, 

Elizabeth W. Moore, 

Frances E. Moore, 

Lawrence C. Moore, 

Mary W. Moore, 

Charlotte E. Moore, 

G. W. Moore, 

Ziba C. Martin, 

B. P. Cooper, 

Laura E. Cooper, 

William B. Moore, 

S. Emma Maule, 

Emmaline Walton, 

Emma C. Walton, 

Grace E. Windle, 

Sara J. Lewis, 

Ida V. Walton, 

Gertrude W. Nields, 

Greta Jackson, 

Evelyn Nields, 

James Nields, 

James Nields, Jr., 

Maud Butler, 

Edith Darlington, 

May Darlington, 

Isabel Darlington, 

Clara W. Hannum, 

Maurice R. Darlington, 

Walter T. Wood, 

W. C. Wilson, 

W. B. Palmer, 

Charles S. Philips, 

Annie J. Palmer, 

Esther M. Palmer, 



Buck Run, Pa. 

Ercildoun, Pa. 
(I 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
Coatesville. Pa. 



Ercildoun, Pa. 



West Chester, Pa. 
Coatesville, Pa. 



Christiana, Lancaster Co., Pa. 



Ercildoun, Pa. 

c< 

Parkesburg, Pa. 

Reading, Pa. 

West Chester, Pa. 

Wilmington, Del. 
<( 

<• 



West Chester, Pa. 



Lenape, Pa. 

Pomeroy, Pa. 

Doe Run, Pa. 
Cochranville, Pa. 

Doe Run, Pa. 
Wilmington, Del. 

Doe Run, Pa. 



68 



One Hundredth Anniversary of 



Joseph T. Whitson, .. 
Jane T. Whitson, 
Mary Sharpless, 
Mary P. Brown, 
J. Edw. Brinton, 
Gertrude A. Walton, 
J. Howard Humpton, 
John R. Kendig, 
Willard N. Maule, . 
Delia Webb, . 
N. D. Webb, 
E. G. Wright, 
Anna Taylor Davis, . 
Clara B. Maule, 
P. E. Marshall, 
C. W. Ash, 
A. P. Ash, 
Joseph C. Skelton, 
Lydia L. M. Skelton, 
Lilley M. Skelton, 
C. F. Heidelbaugh, . 
George Webster, 
Mary C. Webster, 
Lillian Webster, 
Mrs. Carrie H. Taylor, 
Millie Mitchell, 
J. E. Reid, 
M. Fannie Reid, 
Samuel T. Moore, 
Martha W. Moore, 
Hannah Martin, 
Estelle Brinton Irwin, 
Emma C. Calvert, 
Marguerite H. Calvert, 
Mary Thompson Hickman 
Amy Laucks Hickman, 
Gertrude DeVine, 
Mrs. W. T. Hope, 
Mrs. A. S. Copeland, 
Miss Anna L. Waters, 
Mrs. Sarah J. Waters, 
Mrs. Henry Schroder, 



Avondale, Pa. 

Toughkenamon, Pa. 

Kennett Square, Pa. 

Coatesville, Pa. 

Swarthmore, Pa. 

Doe Run, Pa. 

Timicula, Pa. 

Gum Tree, Pa. 

Quarryville, Pa. 

Pittsburg, Pa. 

West Chester, Pa. 

Gum Tree, Pa. 

Doe Run and Chatham, Pa. 

Coatesville, Pa. 
(< 

(( 



Ercildoun, Pa. 
Christiana, Pa. 



West Chester, Pa. 

Ercildoun, Pa. 

Parkesburg, Pa. 



Christiana, Pa. 
Newtown Square, Pa. 

Reading, Pa. 



Coatesville, Pa. 

Pomeroy, Pa. 

Coate.sville, Pa. 

Ercildoun, Pa. 



Fallowfield Friends' Meeting House. 



69 



Miss Cora Schroder, 
Miss Louise Schroder, 
Mary A. Maule, 
Jessie M. Humpton, 
Hayes C. Taylor, 
C. I. Miller, . 
Florence E. T. Miller, 
Rebecca A. Miller, 
Emma B. Maule, 
Harriet Fulton, 
Maurice R. Humpton, 
Edna M. Reynolds, 
Mary W. Moore, 
H. M. R, Seltzer, 
S. Anna Seltzer, 
C. Ella Clark, 
Elsie M. Newlin, 
John E. Newlin, 
Elizabeth W. Turner, 
William C. Holbrook, 
Walter Holbrook, 
J. Whittier Fulton, 
Harry W. Reed, 
George J. Reed, 
Warren L. Webster, 
Elizabeth D. Webster, 
William Webster, 
Jessie A. Webster, 
Helen W. Turner, 
Paul H. Turner, 
Alverda N. Turner, . 
Anna Jessie Turner, 
Gertrude K. Walton, 
Mary D. Walton, 
Mabel W. Kendig, . 
Raymond C. Kendig, 
Dorothy W. Kendig, 
Grace E. Kendig, 
George C. Maule, 
Wm. L. Paxson, 
Wm. L. Jackson, 
Hannah W. Paxson, 



Ercildoun, Pa. 

IC 

Gum Tree, Pa. 

CI 

Doe Run, Pa. 
Gum Tree, Pa. 



Cochranville, Pa. 
Gum Tree, Pa. 



Ercildoun, Pa. 
Gum Tree, Pa. 
Ercildoun, Pa. 



Doe Run, Pa. 
Cochranville, Pa. 

Ercildoun, Pa. 



Gum Tree, Pa. 



Swarthmore, Pa. 

Timicula, Pa. 
i( 

t< 

i( 

<( 

Parkesburg, Pa. 

Christiana, Pa. 

Black Horse, Pa. 



385932B 



70 



One Hundredth Anniversary of 



S. Jane Hambleton, . 
Alice E. Rodebaugh, 
Trj'on G. Rodebaugh, 
Patience W. Kent, 
Edward L. Palmer, . 
Hannah M. Martin, 
Benjamin L. Wood, . 
Martha W. Moore, 
John P. Sharpless, 
CaroHne M. Lippincott, 
Lydia Ann Mevves, 
Edgar A. Mewes, 
Ellen Martin, 
Sarah A. Martin, 
Curtis Martin, 
Annie M. Martin, 
Phebe Martin, 
Annie L. Mewes, 
Esther E. Morris, 
Alice H. Paschall, 
John Paschall, 
Sallie Mewes Martin, 
Bertha M. Soolback, 
Anna O. Martin, 
Blanche E. Hope, 
Florence E. Hope, 
Elma V. S. Hope, 
Robert W. Ramsay, 
Mrs. Robert W. Ramsay, 
Fannie H. Humphrey, . 
T. Milton Humphrey, 
Edwin B. Maule, 
William Skelton, 
Anna E. Maule, 
Gertrude R. Skelton, 
Eleanor T. Maule, 
Lottie L. Mackey, 
Mabel W. Kendig, 
Grace E. Kendig, 
Dorothy W. Kendig, 
John Speakman, 
Samuel S. Young, 



Atglen, Pa. 
West Chester, Pa. 

Swarthmore, Pa. 
West Chester, Pa. 

Avondale, Pa. 

Parkesburg, Pa. 

Avondale, Pa. 

West Chester, Pa. 

Cochranville, Pa. 

Parkesburg, Pa. 

Kennett Square, Pa. 

Parkesburg, Pa. 



Cochranville, Pa. 

West Chester, Pa. 

Kennett Scjuare, Pa. 

Sadsburyville, Pa. 

Coatesville, Pa. 
Sadsburyville, Pa. 

Coatesville, Pa. 



Ercildoun, Pa. 
Gum Tree, Pa. 

Cochranville, Pa. 

Chatham, Pa. 
Cochranville, Pa. 

Chatham, Pa. 
Cochranville, Pa. 
New London, Pa. 

Timicula, Pa. 



Coatesville, Pa. 
East Fallowfield, Pa. 



Fallowjield Friends' Meeting House. 



71 



Caleb M. Taylor, 
Susan W. Taylor, 
Samuel S. Thompson, 
Emma L. Thompson, 
Annie W. Thompson, 
Albert L. Thompson, 
George W. Worrest, 
Sara E. Peirce, 
Jacob M. Peirce, 
Frances M. Holbrook, 
Mary E. Newlin, 
Henry W. Wilbur, 
Joseph S. Walton, 
Isaac Sharpless, 
Dr. E. L. Palmer, . 
Dora E. Walton, 
Caroline Lippincott, . 
J. Howard Humpton, 



West Chester, Pa. 

(I 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Leonard P. O., Pa. 

Parkesburg, Pa. 
Ercildoun, Pa. 



Swarthmore, Pa. 

George School, Pa. 

Haverford, Pa. 

West Chester, Pa. 

George School, Pa. 

West Chester, Pa. 

Derbydown, Pa. 



1} 



m 1 2 1956